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Sample records for learning disabilities implications

  1. Learning Disabilities: Implications for Medicine and Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGrady, Harold J.

    Presented at the ASHA-AMA 12th Annual Pre-Convention Session on School Health (Chicago, June 21, 1970), the paper discusses children who have a specific learning disability. Terminology is considered and specific learning disability defined. Attention is given to how the learning disabled child is different, the significance of statistical…

  2. Serving Adults with Learning Disabilities: Implications for Effective Practice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lenz, B. Keith, Ed.; Sturomski, Neil A.; Corley, Mary Ann

    This document contains four monographs on serving adults with learning disabilities. The preface (Mary Ann Corley) explains how the papers were commissioned. The primary and secondary characteristics of learning-disabled adults and the implications of those characteristics for adult literacy programs are discussed in "Characteristics of Adults…

  3. Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clow, John, Ed.; Woolschlager, Ruth B., Ed.

    The learning disabilities monograph contains five brief articles dealing with various aspects of learning disabilities as they related to business education. "Learning Disabilities: A Challenge for the Vocational Business Educator" (Dorothy Munger) concerns screening students with learning disabilities into rather than out of business education…

  4. Teaching Spelling to the Learning Disabled: Implications from Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graham, Steve; Stoddard, Barbara

    1987-01-01

    Reviews research on teaching spelling to the learning disabled and presents instructional recommendations. Examines research on reduced unit size and distributed practice, imitation plus modeling peer tutoring strategy training, self-monitoring generalization training, and microcomputer-based remediation. (KH)

  5. The Evolution of Learning Disabilities in Children with Tourette Syndrome: Educational Implications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Deborah M.

    The paper examines implications of the high incidence of learning disabilities in children with Tourette Syndrome. Tourette Syndrome is a neurological disorder that causes involuntary muscle jerks and vocalizations. Approximately 60% of children with Tourette Syndrome are classified as learning disabled. It is possible that this high correlation…

  6. Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sittiprapaporn, Wichian, Ed.

    2012-01-01

    Learning disability is a classification that includes several disorders in which a person has difficulty learning in a typical manner. Depending on the type and severity of the disability, interventions may be used to help the individual learn strategies that will foster future success. Some interventions can be quite simplistic, while others are

  7. Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sittiprapaporn, Wichian, Ed.

    2012-01-01

    Learning disability is a classification that includes several disorders in which a person has difficulty learning in a typical manner. Depending on the type and severity of the disability, interventions may be used to help the individual learn strategies that will foster future success. Some interventions can be quite simplistic, while others are…

  8. Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCarthy, James J.; McCarthy, Joan F.

    An attempt to collate basic knowledge concerning learning disabilities, the text discusses the background and definition of learning disabilities, and its identification, etiology, and epidemiology. Guidelines for diagnostic evaluation are presented as are approaches from perceptual motor, developmental, visual, neurophysiological, linguistic, and

  9. Learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Lyon, G R

    1996-01-01

    Approximately 5% of all public school students are identified as having a learning disability (LD). LD is not a single disorder, but includes disabilities in any of seven areas related to reading, language, and mathematics. These separate types of learning disabilities frequently co-occur with one another and with social skill deficits and emotional or behavioral disorders. Most of the available information concerning learning disabilities relates to reading disabilities, and the majority of children with learning disabilities have their primary deficits in basic reading skills. An important part of the definition of LD is its exclusions: learning disabilities cannot be attributed primarily to mental retardation, emotional disturbance, cultural difference, or disadvantage. Thus, the concept of LD focuses on the notion of a discrepancy between a child's academic achievement and his or her apparent capacity to learn. Recent research indicates, however, that disability in basic reading skills is primarily caused by deficits in phonological awareness, which is independent of any achievement-capacity discrepancy. Deficits in phonological awareness can be identified in late kindergarten and first grade using inexpensive, straightforward testing protocol. Interventions have varying effectiveness, depending largely on the severity of the individual child's disability. The prevalence of learning disability identification has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. The "real" prevalence of LD is subject to much dispute because of the lack of an agreed-upon definition of LD with objective identification criteria. Some researchers have argued that the currently recognized 5% prevalence rate is inflated; others argue that LD is still underidentified. In fact, it appears that there are both sound and unsound reasons for the increase in identification rates. Sound reasons for the increase include better research, a broader definition of disability in reading, focusing on phonological awareness, and greater identification of girls with learning disabilities. Unsound reasons for the increase include broad and vague definitions of learning disability, financial incentives to identify students for special education, and inadequate preparation of teachers by colleges of education, leading to overreferral of students with any type of special need. There is no clear demarcation between students with normal reading abilities and those with mild reading disability. The majority of children with reading disabilities have relatively mild reading disabilities, with a smaller number having extreme reading disabilities. The longer children with disability in basic reading skills, at any level of severity, go without identification and intervention, the more difficult the task of remediation and the lower the rate of success. Children with extreme deficits in basic reading skills are much more difficult to remediate than children with mild or moderate deficits. It is unclear whether children in the most severe range can achieve age- and grade-approximate reading skills, even with normal intelligence and with intense, informed intervention provided over a protracted period of time. Children with severe learning disabilities are likely to manifest an increased number of and increased severity of social and behavioral deficits. When children with disabilities in reading also manifest attention deficit disorder, their reading deficits are typically exacerbated, more severe, and more resistant to intervention. While severe reading disorders are clearly a major concern, even mild deficits in reading skills are likely to portend significant difficulties in academic learning. These deficits, too, are worthy of early identification and intervention. Even children with relatively subtle linguistic and reading deficits require the expertise of a teacher who is well trained and informed about the relationships between language development and reading development. PMID:8689262

  10. Spelling Interventions: A Review of Literature and Implications for Instruction for Students with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gordon, Jane; And Others

    1993-01-01

    This article reviews 17 spelling intervention studies for students with learning disabilities and provides implications for improved spelling instruction in the areas of error imitation and modeling, unit size, modality, computer-assisted instruction, peer tutoring, and study techniques. (Author/JDD)

  11. Soviet Psycho-educational Research on Learning Disabilities: Implications for American Research and Practice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wozniak, Robert H.

    The implications of Soviet psychoeducational research on learning disabilities (LD) and its relevance to American research and practice are discussed. The first section provides an overview of the general perspective of Soviet special education, with particular reference to LD and its relationship to Soviet psychology and philosophy. The second

  12. Learning Disabilities

    MedlinePLUS

    ... increase understanding of their biological basis. NIH Patient Recruitment for Learning Disabilities Clinical Trials At NIH Clinical Center Throughout the U.S. and Worldwide NINDS Clinical Trials Organizations Column1 Column2 CHADD - Children and Adults with Attention- ...

  13. Moving beyond the Limits of Learning: Implications of Learning Disabilities for Adult Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Covington, Linda Eastwick

    2004-01-01

    The heterogeneous nature of learning disabilities has led to confusion regarding their definition and their intervention. Although the law protects adults with learning disabilities both in the workplace and classroom, it provides only a broad definition that has been subject to many interpretations. There is a paucity of longitudinal research on…

  14. Learning Disabilities

    MedlinePLUS

    ... share your thoughts with a parent or a teacher. The first step in diagnosing a learning disability is ruling out vision or hearing problems. ... school might have a special classroom with a teacher who is trained to help students overcome learning problems. Some schools develop what is called an ...

  15. Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neuwirth, Sharyn

    This booklet uses hypothetical case examples to illustrate the definition, causal theories, and specific types of learning disabilities (LD). The cognitive and language performance of students with LD is compared to standard developmental milestones, and common approaches to the identification and education of children with LD are outlined.…

  16. The Connection between Social-Emotional Learning and Learning Disabilities: Implications for Intervention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elias, Maurice J.

    2004-01-01

    The majority of students with learning disabilities have difficulties with social relationships. In this article, three key skill areas in social-emotional learning are identified as the main source of these difficulties: recognizing emotions in self and others, regulating and managing strong emotions (positive and negative), and recognizing…

  17. Common Core Science Standards: Implications for Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scruggs, Thomas E.; Brigham, Frederick J.; Mastropieri, Margo A.

    2013-01-01

    The Common Core Science Standards represent a new effort to increase science learning for all students. These standards include a focus on English and language arts aspects of science learning, and three dimensions of science standards, including practices of science, crosscutting concepts of science, and disciplinary core ideas in the various…

  18. Use of the WISC-R with a Learning Disabled Population: Some Diagnostic Implications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Marilyn; And Others

    1976-01-01

    A group of 41 learning disabled children were tested on the WISC-R. Two main questions were explored: (a) Do WISC-R tests assess "g" for learning disabled children to the same degree that they do for normal children? (b) Is there significantly more scatter among the tests for learning disabled than for normal youngsters? (Author)

  19. Learning Disabilities: Implications for Policy regarding Research and Practice--A Report by the National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities, March 2011

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Learning Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities (NJCLD) affirms that the construct of learning disabilities represents a valid, unique, and heterogeneous group of disorders, and that recognition of this construct is essential for sound policy and practice. An extensive body of scientific research on learning disabilities continues to support…

  20. The Use of Psychotropic Medication with Adults with Learning Disabilities: Survey Findings and Implications for Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chapman, Melanie; Gledhill, Paul; Jones, Phillip; Burton, Mark; Soni, Saroj

    2006-01-01

    This paper describes the findings of a survey into prescribing of psychotropic medication with adults with learning disabilities in a British city. A self-completion questionnaire was sent to staff in dispersed housing and community learning disability teams to gather information about the number of people prescribed psychoactive medication, the…

  1. Psychiatric implications of language disorders and learning disabilities: risks and management.

    PubMed

    Sundheim, Suzanne T P V; Voeller, Kytja K S

    2004-10-01

    This article reviews the relationship between different learning disabilities, language disorders, and the psychiatric disorders that are commonly associated with learning disabilities and language disorder: attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), anxiety disorders, depression, and conduct or antisocial personality disorder. The complex associations between language disorders and specific learning disabilities--dyslexia, nonverbal learning disorder, dyscalculia--and the various psychiatric disorders are discussed. Clinical vignettes are presented to highlight the impact of these disorders on a child's social and psychological development and the importance of early recognition and treatment. PMID:15559896

  2. Unraveling the Complex Nature of Mathematics Learning Disability: Implications for Research and Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watson, Silvana M. R.; Gable, Robert A.

    2013-01-01

    In this article, we provide an overview of current knowledge on the underlying cognitive deficits associated with mathematics learning disabilities (MLD). We highlight difficulties surrounding the identification of MLD that include inconsistency in defining MLD, comorbidity with other disabilities, problems associated with assessment tools and…

  3. Learning Disabilities and ADHD

    MedlinePLUS

    ... of learning disabilities: Learning disability What it means Dyslexia (say: diss-LEK-see-uh) Dyslexia makes it hard for people to understand and ... most common type of learning disability. People with dyslexia may: Have problems telling the difference between different ...

  4. Differences in Performance between Students with Learning Disabilities and Mild Mental Retardation: Implications for Categorical Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caffrey, Erin; Fuchs, Douglas

    2007-01-01

    We reviewed eight studies that described learning differences between students with learning disabilities (LD) and students with mild mental retardation (MMR). A total of 639 students, 6-20 years old, participated in these studies. Study authors examined students' inductive reasoning and their performance during guided inquiry and more lengthy…

  5. Differences in Performance between Students with Learning Disabilities and Mild Mental Retardation: Implications for Categorical Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caffrey, Erin; Fuchs, Douglas

    2007-01-01

    We reviewed eight studies that described learning differences between students with learning disabilities (LD) and students with mild mental retardation (MMR). A total of 639 students, 6-20 years old, participated in these studies. Study authors examined students' inductive reasoning and their performance during guided inquiry and more lengthy

  6. Homework for students with learning disabilities: the implications of research for policy and practice.

    PubMed

    Cooper, H; Nye, B

    1994-10-01

    The literature on homework for students with learning disabilities is reviewed. First, a summary of Cooper's (1989a) synthesis of research on homework for students without disabilities is presented, including (a) a definition of homework, (b) a model of the homework process, (c) the results of a meta-analysis of homework studies, and (d) generic policy guidelines. Next, special education research on homework conducted after 1985 is described. The literature is divided into studies that manipulated homework conditions and homework-related surveys of teachers and parents. The results of the literature review suggest that homework policies and practices for students with learning disabilities should emphasize (a) simple, short assignments; (b) careful monitoring by and prominent rewards from teachers; and (c) parental involvement, especially to provide structure, conducive environments, and immediate rewards. PMID:7989851

  7. Effective Literacy Instruction for Adults with Specific Learning Disabilities: Implications for Adult Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hock, Michael F.

    2012-01-01

    Adults with learning disabilities (LD) attending adult basic education, GED programs, or community colleges are among the lowest performers on measures of literacy. For example, on multiple measures of reading comprehension, adults with LD had a mean reading score at the third grade level, whereas adults without LD read at the fifth grade level.…

  8. Meta-Analysis of Reading Comprehension Interventions for Students with Learning Disabilities: Strategies and Implications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sencibaugh, Joseph M.

    2007-01-01

    This paper examines research studies, which focus on interventions commonly used with students who are learning disabled and identifies effective methods that produce substantial benefits concerning reading comprehension. This paper synthesizes previous observation studies by conducting a meta-analysis of strategies used to improve the reading…

  9. The Discursive Practice of Learning Disability: Implications for Instruction and Parent-School Relations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reid, D. Kim; Valle, Jan Weatherly

    2004-01-01

    This article serves as an invitation to rethink and to broaden the scope of learning disabilities (LD) research and practice. We begin with 3 assumptions: Education in a representative democracy is inevitably a political enterprise; social justice is everyone's responsibility, but educators have a special role to play; and segregated schooling is

  10. Challenges and Success Strategies for College Students with Learning Disabilities: With Implications and Recommendations for Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grant, Kevin T.

    2011-01-01

    Students with learning disabilities (LD) are part of the largest and most rapidly expanding population of college students (Burgstahler & Moore, 2009; Garrison-Wade & Lehmann, 2009; Foley 2006; Chew, Jensen, & Rosen, 2009; Thomas, 2000). Current estimations show approximately one and a half million college students have a documented…

  11. The student with a visual disability and a learning disability.

    PubMed

    Erin, J N; Koenig, A J

    1997-01-01

    Existing studies indicate that between 14% and 65% of students with visual disabilities also have learning disabilities. The similar symptoms of the two conditions and the earlier identification of a visual disability often mask the presence of a learning disability. This article addresses definition, assessment, intervention, and future implications related to educational practices with students who have both learning and visual disabilities. The definitions of the two conditions are compared, emphasizing features that make identification difficult. The article examines common assessment procedures, describing approaches that are inappropriate for students who have low vision or blindness. Intervention approaches are described, including adaptations of the environment, enhancement of vision, instruction in compensatory skills, the use of learning strategies, and the availability of learning opportunities. Future directions include refinement of diagnostic approaches, and research related to the characteristics and instructional needs of students who have both visual and learning disabilities. PMID:9146097

  12. Learning Disabilities: Lifelong Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cramer, Shirley C., Ed.; Ellis, William, Ed.

    This book contains papers on learning disabilities based on presentations made at the "Summit on Learning Disabilities: A National Responsibility," held in September 1994. The first section provides an overview and includes "The State of Research" (G. Reid Lyon). The second section focuses on education and includes: "Preventing Early Reading…

  13. Assessment of Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shepard, Lorrie A.

    The assessment and diagnosis of learning disabilities (LD) in the school is problematic. How do educators determine who is learning disabled? What practices are recommended? The main focus of the paper is on specific, relatively technical points that influence the validity of assessment. Since technical concerns are only one of the factors…

  14. Reconceptualizing Cerebral Dominance: Implications for Reading- and Learning-Disabled Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hynd, George W.; Obrzut, John E.

    1981-01-01

    Recent research employing more direct measures of central functional asymmetry suggests that a reconceptualization of the notion of cerebral dominance may be in order. A rationale for this reconceptualization is provided and the implications for children with learning disorders is discussed. (Author)

  15. Learning Disabilities. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Delaware State Dept. of Education, Dover.

    This report responds to Delaware state legislation requiring the development of proposed revised regulations for the classification of students as learning disabled (LD). The report first describes the current system, noting that in 1997 15 percent of the student population were served under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act and over…

  16. What Are Learning Disabilities?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... the most common learning disabilities include the following: Dyslexia. This condition causes problems with language skills, particularly reading. People with dyslexia may have difficulty spelling, understanding sentences, and recognizing ...

  17. Recognizing Learning Disability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weiner, Sally

    1979-01-01

    The regular classroom teacher's role in the identification of learning-disabled children is important but often difficult. Identification is facilitated, however, by recognition of a pattern of symptoms rather than one single sign. (Author/GC)

  18. A Comparison of WAIS-R and WAIS-III in the Lower IQ Range: Implications for Learning Disability Diagnosis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fitzgerald, Suzanne; Gray, Nicola S.; Snowden, Robert J.

    2007-01-01

    Background: Whether the Flynn effect (the increase in the populations' IQ over time) affects the IQ scores of people with learning disability or borderline learning disability remains unclear. The issue is important as the Flynn effect should alter the number of people eligible for health service resources. A comparison of the Wechsler Adult…

  19. An Exploratory Study of the Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and IQ: Implications for Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saenz, Tracy Johnson

    2009-01-01

    The current study was an exploratory study to investigate the relationship between emotional intelligence and IQ scores in a research sample of students with learning disabilities. Emotional intelligence (EI) may provide information about non-intellective factors in the achievement and adjustment of students with learning disabilities. The…

  20. The Gifted Learning Disabled Student.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1994

    This collection of articles on gifted learning disabled students begins with an explanation of the philosophy of the Center for Talented Youth at Johns Hopkins University (Maryland), a list of characteristics of gifted disabled students, and three definitions of learning disabilities. The following papers are then provided: "Gifted but Learning

  1. Self Image and Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Jill; Diller, Howard

    This book discusses the poor self-image of children with learning disabilities, reviews the history of identifying and serving children with learning disabilities, and addresses the need to serve children who are failing in school but do not qualify as having a learning disability. The book emphasizes the role and responsibility of the school for…

  2. Understanding Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walcot-Gayda, Elizabeth

    2004-01-01

    Knowledgeable persons within the field frequently criticize definitions of "learning disabilities" for the choice of vocabulary, phrasing and implied ideas. Although there may never be a universally accepted definition, a definition that reflects current research is used in this article to make evident some of the cognitive and behavioral…

  3. An Exploration of Perceptual and Cognitive Processes Involved in Piano Study with Implications for Learning Disabled Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilles, Dorothy Cordes

    The perceptual and cognitive processes involved in learning to play the piano are examined as sources of confusion and problems which might be encountered by the young learning disabled piano student. The paper is reported to be based on personal observations during private piano instruction, published and unpublished literature, and a summer…

  4. Familial Patterns of Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Sandra

    1992-01-01

    Pedigree analysis of 12 young adults (9 of whom had learning disabilities) indicated that learning disability (LD) was strongly familial but that the type of disability (reading or math) was not directly inherited. Autoimmune disorders were significantly correlated with LD. In seven of the LD families, adults failed to overcome earlier reading and…

  5. The Gifted Learning Disabled Student.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1994

    This collection of articles on gifted learning disabled students begins with an explanation of the philosophy of the Center for Talented Youth at Johns Hopkins University (Maryland), a list of characteristics of gifted disabled students, and three definitions of learning disabilities. The following papers are then provided: "Gifted but Learning…

  6. Accommodating Workers with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Satcher, Jamie

    Someone who has a learning disability has difficulty in perceiving, understanding, and using information from the environment. This disability can cause problems in reading, listening, speaking, writing, spelling, or performing mathematics. Furthermore, learning disabilities may affect motor functioning, memory, and attention. Because a growing…

  7. How Are Learning Disabilities Diagnosed?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Educators may use a process called "response to intervention" (RTI) to help identify children with learning disabilities. ... Center for Children with Disabilities. (2010). Response to intervention . Retrieved June 26, 2012, from http://nichcy.org/ ...

  8. Lessons Learned in Scaling up Effective Practices: Implications for Promoting Self-Determination within Developmental Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bacon, Ansley; Walker, Hill M.; Schwartz, Allen A.; O'Hara, David M.; Calkins, Carl; Wehmeyer, Michael L.

    2011-01-01

    The public's increasing demands for greater accountability and a better return on investment from research supported by federal funding requires that organizations studying and solving problems in areas like health, education, disability, and child mental health document the impact of their work. Human service and educational professionals agree

  9. Lessons Learned in Scaling up Effective Practices: Implications for Promoting Self-Determination within Developmental Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bacon, Ansley; Walker, Hill M.; Schwartz, Allen A.; O'Hara, David M.; Calkins, Carl; Wehmeyer, Michael L.

    2011-01-01

    The public's increasing demands for greater accountability and a better return on investment from research supported by federal funding requires that organizations studying and solving problems in areas like health, education, disability, and child mental health document the impact of their work. Human service and educational professionals agree…

  10. Literacy Proficiency and Science for Students with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cawley, John F.; Parmar, Rene S.

    2001-01-01

    Describes program alternatives in science for students with learning disabilities and their implications for reading and writing. Reviews opportunity to learn, the science performance of students with learning disabilities, science textbook instruction, literacy and science, and alternatives to read-dependent science programs. Presents an…

  11. Nonverbal learning disability.

    PubMed

    Volden, Joanne

    2013-01-01

    Nonverbal learning disability (NLD) is described as a subtype of specific learning disability where the source of the disability is a difficulty in processing nonverbal information. The child with NLD presents with problems in visual, spatial, and tactile perception but with strengths in rote verbal skills. Traditionally, these children were recognized by their difficulties in arithmetic which presented a stark contrast with their strengths in spelling and decoding text. They also exhibited a split between their verbal IQ (VIQ) and performance IQ (PIQ) scores with the VIQ being significantly higher than PIQ. Over time, however, diagnostic criteria have evolved and the broadened definition of the NLD syndrome has led many to question the utility and uniqueness of the NLD diagnosis. In addition, shifting diagnostic standards have made research results difficult to replicate. In short, the research to date leaves many unanswered questions about (1) the definition of the NLD syndrome, (2) the pervasiveness of the academic, social and psychopathological difficulties, (3) the source of the NLD syndrome, and (4) the degree to which it overlaps with other conditions. This chapter outlines a brief history of the NLD syndrome, how it is currently conceptualized, and some of the current debate about the unanswered questions above. PMID:23622171

  12. Learning about Learning Disabled College Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spalding, Norma V.

    Information in this paper is presented to help college instructors identify and assist learning disabled (LD) students. The paper first explains what learning disabilities are, emphasizing that while LD students exhibit a discrepancy between apparent learning ability and actual academic achievement, they are not mentally retarded or emotionally…

  13. Students' Perceptions of Instruction in Inclusion Classrooms: Implications for Students with Learning Disabilities. Alliance Action Information Sheets

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Technical Assistance ALLIANCE for Parent Centers, 2006

    2006-01-01

    This study summarizes 20 studies of more than 4600 students in kindergarten through Grade 12. Seven hundred sixty of the students have learning disabilities. The studies cover a 22 year period. They looked at students' views, opinions, and attitudes on teacher practices in inclusive, general education classrooms. Seven areas were explored: (1)…

  14. Evidence-Based Strategies for Improving the Reading Comprehension of Secondary Students: Implications for Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watson, Silvana M. R.; Gable, Robert A.; Gear, Sabra B.; Hughes, Kimberly C.

    2012-01-01

    Reading comprehension is a complex skill that places significant demands on students, beginning with elementary school and continuing through the secondary grades. In this article, we provide an overview of possible factors associated with problems in reading comprehension among secondary students with learning disabilities. Discussion underscores…

  15. Neurobiology of learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Chase, C H

    1996-08-01

    Learning disabilities are the product of neurological damage which occurs during fetal development. The malformations produced are unique to each individual and do not resemble acquired neurological damage. Consequently, models of developmental disorders must be developed independently and cannot be based on acquired adult aphasia or dyslexia literature. Neurological conditions of adults with developmental disorders are difficult to interpret since aberrations that occur early during fetal development can have a cascading effect, disrupting neural organization in other brain regions. An appreciation of basic concepts of brain development suggests treatment interventions that will modify neurophysiological functioning. PMID:8912434

  16. Understanding Learning Disabilities and Substance Abuse.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Star, Nonnie; Shadoff, Sander

    This guide is designed to assist people with learning disabilities to recognize their disabilities and the connection between learning disabilities and substance abuse. It begins by defining learning disabilities and providing a self-test checklist for common signs and symptoms of learning disabilities. Difficulties with organization, memory,…

  17. The Source for Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Currie, Paula S.; Wadlington, Elizabeth M.

    This book is designed to help clinicians and teachers work more effectively with people with learning disabilities and their families. Chapter 1 provides an overview of learning disabilities. It presents commonly accepted medical and educational definitions, prevalence figures, and possible etiological explanations for various disorders. Chapter 2…

  18. The Sociopsychometrics of Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stanovich, Keith E.

    1999-01-01

    Discusses how the Guckenberger v Boston University case illustrates the interaction of the psychometrics of ability differences with the concept of learning disability and with the sociopolitics of schooling and society. Urges a more inclusive definition of learning disability which abandons aptitude-achievement discrepancy requirements and a more…

  19. Supervising Adults with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Dale

    Intended for employers, supervisors, and coworkers, the booklet presents guidelines for accommodating learning disabled (LD) employees. An introductory section explains the condition, describing its nature and the range of impairments it includes. Five types of learning disabilities are identified: visual, auditory, motor, tactile, and academic.

  20. Does Learning Disabled Equal Language Disabled?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haber, Lyn

    Twenty-nine learning disabled (LD) students in grades 1-4 were compared with non-LD students on comprehension of relative clauses. Ss were given baseline, 2-way, and 3-way reversible sentences to test comprehension and examine strategy differences. Results showed that LD students performed more poorly than non-LD students for all sentence types at…

  1. Issues of reliability and validity in the measurement of challenging behaviour (behavioural difficulties) in learning disability: a discussion of implications for nursing research and practice.

    PubMed

    Gates, B

    1996-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the debate on issues related to the reliability and validity of measurement of challenging behaviour (behavioural difficulties) in learning disability. A number of practical, theoretical and methodological issues are discussed that have significance for the nurse both as practitioner and/or researcher in learning disability. These issues are equally important to both provider and purchaser of health care in order that resources can be most effectively targeted. The term 'challenging behaviour' would appear to be used both in literature and research synonymously with behavioural difficulties, this has implications for nurses in both their clinical practice and/or research. The author concludes by identifying a need to replace the term challenging behaviour, with 'behavioural difficulties'. It is argued that such a term is much more explicit in meaning and amenable to operational definition, thus enabling empirical study. Such a proposal will not be accepted by all as justifiable; this is because some might argue that adopting the term behavioural difficulties may be a retrograde step that perpetuates negative imagery and inappropriate labelling of people with a learning disability. PMID:8696593

  2. The Learning Disabled Preschool Child.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kirk, Samuel A.

    1987-01-01

    Two case studies involving preschool children with developmental learning disabilities (one with nystagmus and one with a hearing impairment) point to the need for appropriate ability as well as disability identification and assessment procedures (both had been diagnosed as mentally retarded) the potential of early diagnosis and intervention for

  3. The sociopsychometrics of learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Stanovich, K E

    1999-01-01

    The Boston University (BU) case illustrates how the psychometrics of ability differences interact with the concept of learning disability and with the sociopolitics of schooling and society. It also illustrates that learning disabilities advocacy will not be on a sound footing as long as the field refuses to rid itself of its IQ fetishism, refuses to jettison its fixation on aptitude-achievement discrepancy, and fails to free clinical practice from the pseudoscientific neurology that plagued the field in the 1970s. A more inclusive definition of learning disability--one that abandons discrepancy notions--and a more self-critical attitude toward its own claims would advance the field of learning disabilities and help to rid it of distractions such as the BU case. PMID:15508475

  4. Leadership and learning disability nursing.

    PubMed

    Jukes, Mark; Aspinall, Susan-Louise

    Leadership is seen as critical for the transformation of learning disability services and has been further emphasised since the publication of Transforming Care, the Department of Health's response to the review of events at Winterbourne View. What is clear within learning disability nursing and services is the demand for leadership in the quest for improving the quality and effectiveness of services across health and social care. This article discusses the challenges for the undergraduate learning disability nurse with the recommendation to pursue a framework that promotes and focuses on integrating knowledge transfer into services for people with a learning disability. It explores practice change using the Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Services (PARiHS) framework, and the example of the involvement of service users in practitioner training on the Mental Capacity Act 2005 and consent and capacity to consent for treatment. PMID:26450672

  5. The Eye and Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sight-Saving Review, 1971

    1971-01-01

    A joint organizational statement on vision and therapy for learning disabilities and dyslexia is presented by the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American Academy of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology, and the American Association of Ophthalmology. (CB)

  6. Interrogative suggestibility, confabulation, and acquiescence in people with mild learning disabilities (mental handicap): implications for reliability during police interrogations.

    PubMed

    Clare, I C; Gudjonsson, G H

    1993-09-01

    In order to assess a criminal suspect's ability to make a reliable statement, performance on three measures--interrogative suggestibility, confabulation and acquiescence--may be used. This paper presents preliminary data on these measures for people with mild learning disabilities (Full Scale IQ [FSIQ]: 57-75). It was found that they were more suggestible than their average ability counterparts (FSIQ: 83-111) because they were much more susceptible to 'leading questions'. They also confabulated more and were more acquiescent. Overall, the data emphasized their potential vulnerability to giving erroneous testimony during interrogations. PMID:8251959

  7. My Learning Curve on Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ames, Christopher

    2013-01-01

    This author recently spent a year studying best practices in serving students with learning and other disabilities, and, surprisingly, the experience altered his thinking in significant ways. He came to this study not as a specialist in disabilities but as an academic administrator with years of faculty experience, and that perspective helped him…

  8. Learning disabilities, dyslexia, and vision.

    PubMed

    Handler, Sheryl M; Fierson, Walter M; Section on Ophthalmology

    2011-03-01

    Learning disabilities constitute a diverse group of disorders in which children who generally possess at least average intelligence have problems processing information or generating output. Their etiologies are multifactorial and reflect genetic influences and dysfunction of brain systems. Reading disability, or dyslexia, is the most common learning disability. It is a receptive language-based learning disability that is characterized by difficulties with decoding, fluent word recognition, rapid automatic naming, and/or reading-comprehension skills. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonologic component of language that makes it difficult to use the alphabetic code to decode the written word. Early recognition and referral to qualified professionals for evidence-based evaluations and treatments are necessary to achieve the best possible outcome. Because dyslexia is a language-based disorder, treatment should be directed at this etiology. Remedial programs should include specific instruction in decoding, fluency training, vocabulary, and comprehension. Most programs include daily intensive individualized instruction that explicitly teaches phonemic awareness and the application of phonics. Vision problems can interfere with the process of reading, but children with dyslexia or related learning disabilities have the same visual function and ocular health as children without such conditions. Currently, there is inadequate scientific evidence to support the view that subtle eye or visual problems cause or increase the severity of learning disabilities. Because they are difficult for the public to understand and for educators to treat, learning disabilities have spawned a wide variety of scientifically unsupported vision-based diagnostic and treatment procedures. Scientific evidence does not support the claims that visual training, muscle exercises, ocular pursuit-and-tracking exercises, behavioral/perceptual vision therapy, "training" glasses, prisms, and colored lenses and filters are effective direct or indirect treatments for learning disabilities. There is no valid evidence that children who participate in vision therapy are more responsive to educational instruction than children who do not participate. PMID:21357342

  9. Learning about Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Popp, Rita Ann

    1983-01-01

    The author describes lessons provided for regular class elementary students to help them understand disabilities and disabled persons. Objectives, materials needed, and activities are outlined for six lessons focusing on the following topics: individual differences, wheelchairs; devices that help people walk; amputation, artificial limbs, and…

  10. Assessment of Reading and Learning Disabilities: A Research-Based Intervention-Oriented Approach.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fletcher, Jack M.; Foorman, Barbara R.; Boudousquie, Amy

    2002-01-01

    Reviews implications of the three primary components of the federal definition of learning disabilities (discrepancy, heterogeneity, and exclusion) for the assessment of children with learning disabilities (LD). Also proposes a rationale and procedures for more efficient approaches to the identification of children as learning disabled that are…

  11. Learning Disabilities: Historical Perspectives. Executive Summary.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hallahan, Daniel P.; Mercer, Cecil D.

    Although the federal government's involvement in learning disabilities through task forces, legislation, and funding has been evident only since the 1960s and 1970s, the roots of learning disabilities can be traced back to the early 1800s. Learning disabilities are one of the newest categories officially recognized by the U.S. Department of…

  12. Forensic Learning Disability Nursing Role Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mason, Tom; Phipps, Dianne; Melling, Kat

    2011-01-01

    This article reports on a study carried out on the role constructs of forensic and nonforensic Learning Disability Nursing in relation to six binary themes. The aims were to identify if there were differences in perceptions of forensic learning disability nurses and nonforensic learning disability nurses in relation to the six binary themes of the…

  13. Identification of Learning Disabled Bilingual Hispanic Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zavala, Jesus; Mims, Joan

    1983-01-01

    The study compared 10 learning disabled and 10 non-learning disabled limited English proficient Mexican American elementary grade children. Six tests were identified as predicting learning disabilities including the Prueba de Lectura y Lenguaje Escrito and the Test of Nonverbal Intelligence. (Author/DB)

  14. Forensic Learning Disability Nursing Role Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mason, Tom; Phipps, Dianne; Melling, Kat

    2011-01-01

    This article reports on a study carried out on the role constructs of forensic and nonforensic Learning Disability Nursing in relation to six binary themes. The aims were to identify if there were differences in perceptions of forensic learning disability nurses and nonforensic learning disability nurses in relation to the six binary themes of the

  15. Algebra for Students with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feigenbaum, Ruth

    2000-01-01

    Describes learning-disabled algebra classes offered at Bergen Community College, their structure, teaching and learning strategies used in the classes, and successful outcomes. Concludes that students with learning disabilities can learn algebra when their environment focuses on their needs and learning styles. (KHR)

  16. Learning Disabilities: The Decade Ahead.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krasnoff, Margaret J., Ed.

    Presented are ten papers given at a 1974 conference focusing on realistic goals for serving learning disabled children in the decade ahead. Papers have the following titles and authors: "Introduction and Overview of the Problem of the Conference" (W. Cruickshank); "Concepts of Vision in Relation to Perception" (G. Getman); "Motor Activities and…

  17. Learning Disabilities, Schooling, and Society.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sternberg, Robert J.; Grigorenko, Elena L.

    2001-01-01

    Suggests that federal definition of learning disabilities is wrong and represents politically expedient decisions rather than fundamental knowledge about psychology and education. Discusses why federal definition is erroneous. Offers seven recommendations to change the current system of identification and instruction of students with learning…

  18. Research Practices in Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Learning Disability Quarterly, 1984

    1984-01-01

    The author offers the premise that the field of learning disabilities is at a critical point in development and that the research literature manifests such trends as few references beyond special education, emphasis on conversation tasks rather than unifying themes (equilibration and structuralism) of J. Piaget, and reductionist tendencies. (CL)

  19. Hyperactivity, Learning Disabilities, and Alcohol.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gold, Sandra; Sherry, Lee

    1984-01-01

    A review of research on the effects of alcohol consumption by pregnant women supports the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's warning about the possible negative effects (learning disabilities, hyperactivity, short attention span, and emotional liability) of children. (Author/CL)

  20. Educational interventions in learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Lerner, J W

    1989-05-01

    Child psychiatrists and other mental health professionals play a key role in recognizing, diagnosing, and planning treatment for children and adolescents with learning disabilities. A review of educational issues related to diagnosis and educational interventions for the preschooler, elementary school child, and adolescent is presented. PMID:2661524

  1. Controversial Issues in Learning Disability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sapir, Selma C.

    The author discusses controversial issues in the field of learning disabilities (LD). Among topics addressed are conflicting definitions of LD and the impact of the operational definition accepted by the US Government; etiological questions concerning the separation of neurological, environmental, and emotional factors; approaches used in training…

  2. Learning Disabilities: An Overview. Adult Literacy Independent Learning Packet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ashcroft, Cheryl A.

    This independent learning packet, which is intended for adult literacy tutors, reviews the literature regarding adults with learning disabilities. The packet begins with a learning disabilities pretest. Presented next is the literature review, which includes information on the following aspects of learning disabilities: definition and historical

  3. Mild Learning Disability or Learning Style Difference? [Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Given, Barbara K.

    This paper proposes that mild learning disability may often be more the result of teaching which ignores individual differences in learning style than the result of psychological processing and/or central nervous system disorders that are characteristic of true learning disabilities. A brief overview of learning disability identification explains…

  4. The Adolescent with a Learning Disability: A Developmental Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cook, Louisa D.

    1979-01-01

    The psychosocial difficulties that usually accompany learning disabilities are examined from a framework of developmental theory, particularly that of Erik Erikson. The implications of this perspective for treatment of adolescents with learning problems is discussed, and the summer residential program at Goddard College described. (Author)

  5. The Psychoeducational Approach to Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blom, Gaston E.

    Children who have learning disabilities which prevent achievement in skill subjects or behavioral difficulties which interfere with learning can be helped to learn to substitute more adaptive patterns for madadaptive ones. Because learning disabilities are only part of a disordered developmental process in a child, both clinical and competence…

  6. Comprehension of Humor in Children with Nonverbal Learning Disabilities, Reading Disabilities, and without Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Semrud-Clikeman, Margaret; Glass, Kimberly

    2008-01-01

    The normal development of humor in children has been well documented with a predictable course that is tied to social, cognitive, and linguistic development in children. This study explored humor comprehension in children with nonverbal learning disabilities (NVLD). Children with NVLD were compared with children with reading disabilities and a…

  7. What Are the Treatments for Learning Disabilities?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... the nature and extent of the disability. Special Education Services Children diagnosed with learning and other disabilities ... will work with the child Qualifying for Special Education To qualify for special education services, a child ...

  8. Articulating Learning Disabilities in the Digital Age

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leko, Melinda M.; Griffin, Cynthia C.

    2009-01-01

    In a 1986 study published in the "Learning Disability Quarterly," Simmons and Kame'enui examined information found in popular periodicals about learning disabilities (LD) in an effort to understand what people learn about LD from these high-readership sources. After more than 20 years, advances in technology have brought significant changes to how

  9. Articulating Learning Disabilities in the Digital Age

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leko, Melinda M.; Griffin, Cynthia C.

    2009-01-01

    In a 1986 study published in the "Learning Disability Quarterly," Simmons and Kame'enui examined information found in popular periodicals about learning disabilities (LD) in an effort to understand what people learn about LD from these high-readership sources. After more than 20 years, advances in technology have brought significant changes to how…

  10. Students with Learning Disabilities in Education: Managing a Disability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barga, Nancy K.

    1996-01-01

    This study of nine college students with learning disabilities examined success and disability management factors. The students reported experiencing labeling, stigmatization, and gatekeeping throughout their school years. Positive coping strategies included relying on benefactors, implementing self-improvement techniques, and utilizing particular…

  11. Learning Disabled Students in Education: Managing a Disability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barga, Nancy K.

    This qualitative study examined factors that have contributed to the educational success of nine college students with learning disabilities and explored how these students manage their disabilities in the educational arena. Data came from student academic records, interviews, and classroom observations over a 6-month period. Factors studied…

  12. General Information about Learning Disabilities (Fact Sheet Number 7) = Informacion General sobre Impedimentos en el Aprendizaje (Fact Sheet Number 19).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Interstate Research Associates, Inc., Washington, DC.

    This fact sheet providing general information about learning disabilities is presented in both English and Spanish versions. It begins with the federal definition of learning disabilities and a discussion of its implications followed by estimates of incidence. Typical characteristics of students with learning disabilities are then summarized as…

  13. Mathematics Education for Students with Learning Disabilities: Theory to Practice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rivera, Diane Pedrotty, Ed.

    This book addresses teaching mathematics to students with learning disabilities, including characteristics and assessment of mathematics learning disabilities, mathematics programming and interventions, and teacher preparation. Chapters include: (1) "Mathematics Education and Students with Learning Disabilities: Instruction" (Diane Pedrotty…

  14. Neurological Implications of Reading Disability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richards, Edith G.

    1981-01-01

    A review of studies into the neurological aspects of reading disabilities indicates that two positions have been taken with regard to the brain and reading: (1) language skills are generally considered to be the function of the left hemisphere of the brain; and (2) very poor reading may be related to bilateral spatial processing for both boys and…

  15. Learning Disabilities: The Needs of Adults with Learning Disabilities. A Position Paper of the National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities, Baltimore, MD.

    The paper presents the position of the National Joint Commission on Learning Disabilities regarding the needs of adults with learning disabilities (LD). Among problems cited are lack of adequate assessment procedures for the population along with inadequate awareness of the social and emotional problems facing adults with LD. Five major…

  16. CEC Selected Convention Papers; Annual International Convention: Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council for Exceptional Children, Arlington, VA.

    One presentation in the area of learning disabilities by Emily Sheldon considers the structure of an educational program with teachers and parents in rural areas. A plan for thorough diagnosis and suggested classroom modifications and treatment is described. Conclusions, offering specific educational implications, are presented. A second report by…

  17. Intellectually Gifted Learning Disabled Students: A Special Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hansford, Susan J.; And Others

    The Intellectually Gifted/Learning Disabled Project investigated characteristics of this population and implications for educational programming. Twenty-three children, aged 7 to 16 years old, were identified through a referral process involving schools and parents. Only two subjects were female. A detailed analysis of school records; individual…

  18. Neurobiological Basis of Learning Disabilities: An Update.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fiedorowicz, C.; Benezra, E.; MacDonald, W.; McElgunn, B.; Wilson, A.; Kaplan, B.

    2001-01-01

    This article reviews recent research in the field of learning disabilities and, in particular, dyslexia. It summarizes findings from numerous studies employing widely divergent methodologies that have attempted to establish the neurobiological correlates of learning disabilities and concludes that it is impossible to deny a neurobiological basis…

  19. Gifted and Talented and Learning Disabled.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Phyllis, Ed.

    2000-01-01

    This issue of a research journal on gifted education explores issues surrounding gifted children who also have learning disabilities. Specific articles include: (1) "Notes, Quotes, and Anecdotes" (Francis Cartier); (2) "Gifted Children with Learning Disabilities: A Review of the Issues" (Linda E. Brody and Carol J. Mills), which examines current…

  20. Learning Disabilities: The Challenges of Adulthood.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patton, James R., Ed.; Polloway, Edward A., Ed.

    This collection of 13 essays focuses on the many challenges that adults with learning disabilities face in educational, work, and social settings. The essays are: (1) "Adults with Learning Disabilities: An Emerging Area of Professional Interest and Public Attention" (James R. Patton and Edward A. Polloway); (2) "Adult Development Theories: An…

  1. The Learning Disability Myth in American Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKnight, R. Thomas

    1982-01-01

    Investigation into research on diagnosis of learning disability indicates that the existence of this "disorder" is questionable. Diagnosing a child as learning disabled benefits mainly the school and the child's teachers. The educational system is thus given a mythical scapegoat for its failure to educate a segment of the school population.

  2. Empowering Library Patrons with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Green, Ravonne A.

    2009-01-01

    This article describes the characteristics of patrons with learning disabilities (LD) and how these characteristics might affect library use. The lack of services for college patrons who have learning disabilities (LD) in this decade is much like the lack of adequate and appropriate services for high school patrons with LD in previous decades. The…

  3. Operational Definitions and Learning Disabilities: An Overview.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swanson, H. Lee

    1991-01-01

    The National Joint Committee for Learning Disabilities' definition of learning disabilities is presented, followed by a discussion of parameters to be considered in operationalizing the definition. Major definitional issues are then explored, including using testable and meaningful constructs, linking definitions to neuropsychological evidence,…

  4. On Defining Learning Disabilities: An Emerging Consensus.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hammill, Donald D.

    1990-01-01

    This article reviews the efforts made since 1962 to define learning disabilities, discusses 11 prominent definitions, identifies important conceptual elements on which the definitions differ, and calls for a consensual acceptance of the National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities definition. (PB)

  5. The Complete Learning Disabilities Directory. 2011 Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grey House Publishing, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Published for over a decade, this directory continues to be a successful, sought-after resource, providing valuable information to professionals, families, and individuals in the learning disabilities community. Supported by the National Center for Learning Disabilities, this 2011 edition brings together the most up-to-date information on LD…

  6. Learning Disabilities: A Neurobiological Perspective in Humans.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bonnet, Kenneth A.

    1989-01-01

    The mechanisms of both language-based and non-language-based learning disabilities are presented within the framework of central nervous system development and the compromises to that development that arise from genetic, hormonal, antibody, medication, and postnatal compromises. Also reviewed is the need for a taxonomy of learning disabilities.…

  7. Hair Element Content in Learning Disabled Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pihl, R. O.; Parkes, M.

    1977-01-01

    Hair samples from 31 learning disabled and 22 normal children were analyzed. Significant group differences were determined and a discriminant function was computed which separated the groups with 98 percent accuracy. Elevated lead and cadmium content in the learning disabled group is viewed as being of particular importance. (Author/SL)

  8. Listening and the Learning Disabled Student.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCrady, William

    In order to foster awareness of the auditory characteristics of learning disabled students and the essential skills involved in effective listening, this paper suggests teaching strategies to improve listening skills that include both individual and whole class activities specifically geared to learning disabled students. The first section of the…

  9. Learning Disabilities: From Identification to Intervention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fletcher, Jack M.; Lyon, G. Reid; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Barnes, Marcia A.

    2006-01-01

    Evidence based and comprehensive, this important work offers a new approach to understanding and intervening with students with learning disabilities. The authors--leading experts in neuropsychology and special education--present a unique model of learning disabilities that integrates the cognitive, neural, genetic, and contextual factors…

  10. Emotional disorders in learning disabled adolescents.

    PubMed

    Faigel, H C; Doak, E; Howard, S D; Sigel, M L

    1992-01-01

    We retrospectively reviewed patients discharged from the psychiatric inpatient adolescent service and correlated neuropsychological subtypes with the patient's psychiatric diagnoses. Depressed learning disabled patients had visual memory and processing deficits. Conduct or behaviorally disordered patients had expressive language deficits. Learning disability subtypes may affect psychotherapy and therefore should be known when planning psychotherapy. PMID:1424941

  11. Cognitive Mechanisms of Children Exhibiting Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Edward K.

    Although a lot of data on the psychological characteristics of children having learning disabilities have been gathered, not very much has been done to discover the underlying mechanisms, processes, or phenomenon of learning disability. Without more investigations which attempt to get at these, we will continue to be at a loss to prescribe

  12. Attracting and Retaining Learning Disability Student Nurses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Owen, Sara; Standen, Penny

    2007-01-01

    Recruitment onto pre-registration learning disability nursing courses has decreased considerably over the last decade. This paper reports the findings of the first stage of a longitudinal study that investigated the factors that influence students to train as learning disability nurses, and those that influence their decision to continue or leave…

  13. National Resources for Adults with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bates, Belinda, Ed.; Riviere, Adrienne, Ed.

    This guide contains a selection of national resources to assist adults who suspect they may have a learning disability. The guide begins with information on assessing learning disabilities, recommendations for locating a qualified professional to conduct assessments appropriate for adults, and a list of questions to ask qualified professionals. A…

  14. An Audit of Adults with Profound and Multiple Learning Disabilities within a West Midlands Community Health Trust--Implications for Service Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gittins, Deborah; Rose, Nikki

    2008-01-01

    An audit was carried out to gain an overview of the profound and multiple learning disabilities (PMLD) population in a local health trust to inform current and future service provision. An overview of the issues faced in developing clear defining criteria is presented. Published definitions of PMLD were used to identify clients from data held on

  15. An Audit of Adults with Profound and Multiple Learning Disabilities within a West Midlands Community Health Trust--Implications for Service Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gittins, Deborah; Rose, Nikki

    2008-01-01

    An audit was carried out to gain an overview of the profound and multiple learning disabilities (PMLD) population in a local health trust to inform current and future service provision. An overview of the issues faced in developing clear defining criteria is presented. Published definitions of PMLD were used to identify clients from data held on…

  16. A Meta-Analytic Review of Graphic Organizers and Science Instruction for Adolescents with Learning Disabilities: Implications for the Intermediate and Secondary Science Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dexter, Douglas D.; Park, Youn J.; Hughes, Charles A.

    2011-01-01

    This article presents a meta-analysis of experimental and quasi-experimental studies in which intermediate and secondary students with learning disabilities were taught science content through the use of graphic organizers (GOs). Following an exhaustive search for studies meeting specified selection criteria, 23 standardized mean effect sizes were…

  17. Inconsistencies in the Roles of Family- and Paid- Carers in Monitoring Health Issues in People with Learning Disabilities: Some Implications for the Integration of Health and Social Care

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Willis, Diane S.

    2015-01-01

    Changes in the living circumstances of people with learning disabilities have seen responsibility for their health become the provenance of paid-and family-carers. Thirteen semi-structured interviews were conducted with three family-carers and ten paid-carers. Findings revealed that the role of these carers was undefined, leading to difficulty in

  18. Identification of Sub-Types of Students with Learning Disabilities in Reading and Its Implications for Chinese Word Recognition and Instructional Methods in Hong Kong Primary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ho, Fuk-chuen; Siegel, Linda

    2012-01-01

    This paper consists of three studies. The first study aimed to identify sub-types of students with learning disabilities in reading. Based on the dual-route model of reading, words may be read using either a lexical (words are recognized as wholes) or a sub-lexical (words are recognized through grapheme-phoneme correspondence) procedure. Castles…

  19. Identification of Sub-Types of Students with Learning Disabilities in Reading and Its Implications for Chinese Word Recognition and Instructional Methods in Hong Kong Primary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ho, Fuk-chuen; Siegel, Linda

    2012-01-01

    This paper consists of three studies. The first study aimed to identify sub-types of students with learning disabilities in reading. Based on the dual-route model of reading, words may be read using either a lexical (words are recognized as wholes) or a sub-lexical (words are recognized through grapheme-phoneme correspondence) procedure. Castles

  20. Inconsistencies in the Roles of Family- and Paid- Carers in Monitoring Health Issues in People with Learning Disabilities: Some Implications for the Integration of Health and Social Care

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Willis, Diane S.

    2015-01-01

    Changes in the living circumstances of people with learning disabilities have seen responsibility for their health become the provenance of paid-and family-carers. Thirteen semi-structured interviews were conducted with three family-carers and ten paid-carers. Findings revealed that the role of these carers was undefined, leading to difficulty in…

  1. Characteristics of Limited English Proficient Hispanic Students in Programs for the Learning Disabled: Implications for Policy, Practice and Research. Part I. Report Summary.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ortiz, Alba A., Ed.; Polyzoi, Eleoussa, Ed.

    An exploratory and descriptive study is reviewed which examined the identification and placement of 334 limited English proficient Hispanic students (grades 2-5) in learning disability programs. Ss' eligibility folders were examined to determine why they had been referred initially, how they were assessed, and to document the initial placement…

  2. A Meta-Analytic Review of Graphic Organizers and Science Instruction for Adolescents with Learning Disabilities: Implications for the Intermediate and Secondary Science Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dexter, Douglas D.; Park, Youn J.; Hughes, Charles A.

    2011-01-01

    This article presents a meta-analysis of experimental and quasi-experimental studies in which intermediate and secondary students with learning disabilities were taught science content through the use of graphic organizers (GOs). Following an exhaustive search for studies meeting specified selection criteria, 23 standardized mean effect sizes were

  3. Screening for offenders with an intellectual disability: the validity of the Learning Disability Screening Questionnaire.

    PubMed

    McKenzie, Karen; Michie, Amanda; Murray, Aja; Hales, Charlene

    2012-01-01

    The study assessed the validity of an intellectual disability screening tool, the Learning Disability Screening Questionnaire (LDSQ), in three forensic settings: a community intellectual disability forensic service; a forensic in-patient secure unit and a prison, using data for 94 individuals. A significant positive relationship was found between full scale IQ and LDSQ score, indicating convergent validity. Discriminative validity was indicated by, firstly, a significant difference in the LDSQ scores between those with and without an intellectual disability, with those with a diagnosis of intellectual disability, scoring significantly lower. Secondly, a ROC analysis indicated that the sensitivity and specificity of the LDSQ were both above 80%. The screening tool was found to have lower sensitivity in the forensic populations than was obtained in the original community standardisation sample, but had slightly higher specificity. Limitations and implications of the study are discussed. PMID:22245728

  4. Reading Instruction for the Struggling Reader: Implications for Teachers of Students with Learning Disabilities or Emotional/Behavioral Disorders.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Atkinson, Terry S.; Wilhite, Kathi L.; Frey, Laura M.; Williams, Sarah C.

    2002-01-01

    This article discusses the difficulties in meeting the needs of diverse student populations including those with learning and/or behavioral difficulties while meeting the demands of standards and accountability. It stresses the importance of matching the reading instructional program to the specific needs of the student and fine-tuning strategies…

  5. Social Skills Deficits as Primary Learning Disabilities: A Note on Problems with the ICLD Diagnostic Criteria.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forness, Steven R.; Kavale, Kenneth A.

    1991-01-01

    The Interagency Committee on Learning Disabilities' definition of learning disabilities implies that the presence of social skills deficits alone suffices for diagnosis, even in the absence of academic difficulties. Overlaps between this criterion and eligibility criteria for emotional disturbance are discussed along with implications for…

  6. School Psychology Internship Experiences with Methods of Specific Learning Disability Identification

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nunes, Alissa

    2012-01-01

    Recent changes in legislation (IDEA) have implications for the changing role of the school psychologist, specifically in the evaluation of students with learning disabilities. There is a need to examine the attitudes and practices of school psychologists regarding specific learning disability identification as there is little consistency in how…

  7. Identifying Simple Numerical Stimuli: Processing Inefficiencies Exhibited by Arithmetic Learning Disabled Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koontz, Kristine L.; Berch, Daniel B.

    1996-01-01

    Children with arithmetic learning disabilities (n=16) and normally achieving controls (n=16) in grades 3-5 were administered a battery of computerized tasks. Memory spans for both letters and digits were found to be smaller among the arithmetic learning disabled children. Implications for teaching are discussed. (Author/CMS)

  8. Intraindividual differences in motivation and cognition in students with and without learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Pintrich, P R; Anderman, E M; Klobucar, C

    1994-01-01

    The present study examines several cognitive and motivational variables that distinguish children with learning disabilities (n = 19) from children without learning disabilities (n = 20). The total sample included 30 males and 9 females and was composed of white, fifth-grade students from a middle-class community in the Midwest. Results showed that although the students with learning disabilities displayed lower levels of metacognitive knowledge and reading comprehension, they did not differ from the students without learning disabilities on self-efficacy, intrinsic orientation, or anxiety. In addition, they did not show any signs of learned helplessness, although they did tend to attribute success and failure to external causes more often than the students without learning disabilities. Using a cluster analysis that grouped individuals, we found that differences in the motivational and cognitive variables cut across a priori categories of children with and without learning disabilities. Three clusters were formed: one with high comprehension, motivation, and metacognition (mostly children without learning disabilities); one with low levels of comprehension and metacognition but high intrinsic motivation (all children with learning disabilities); and one with low intrinsic motivation but average comprehension, metacognition, and attributional style (approximately equal numbers of children with and without learning disabilities). Implications for diagnosis and intervention for students with learning disabilities are discussed. PMID:8051509

  9. Improving care for people with learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Turner, Sue

    2014-11-25

    People with learning disabilities have poorer health than the general population and experience health inequalities - partly as a result of problems with accessing health services. Health services have a duty to address health inequalities, by making reasonable adjustments to their services so they are more accessible to people with learning disabilities, but this does not always happen. Failure to make reasonable adjustments can have significant adverse effects for people with learning disabilities and their families. Nurses are well placed to implement reasonable adjustments, many of which are simple to do and can save lives. PMID:25408049

  10. People with learning disabilities who have cancer: an ethnographic study

    PubMed Central

    Tuffrey-Wijne, Irene; Bernal, Jane; Hubert, Jane; Butler, Gary; Hollins, Sheila

    2009-01-01

    Background Cancer incidence among people with learning disabilities is rising. There have been no published studies of the needs and experiences of people with learning disabilities and cancer, from their own perspective. Aim To provide insight into the experiences and needs of people with learning disabilities who have cancer. Design of study Prospective qualitative study, using ethnographic methods. Setting Participants' homes, hospitals, nursing homes, and hospices in London and surrounding areas. Method The participants were 13 people with learning disabilities ranging from mild to severe, who had a cancer diagnosis. The main method of data collection was participant observation (over 250 hours). The median length of participation was 7 months. Results Participants' cancer experiences were shaped by their previous experience of life, which included deprivation, loneliness, and a lack of autonomy and power. They depended on others to negotiate contact with the outside world, including the healthcare system. This could lead to delayed cancer diagnosis and a lack of treatment options being offered. Most participants were not helped to understand their illness and its implications. Doctors did not make an assessment of capacity, but relied on carers' opinions. Conclusion Urgent action is warranted by findings of late diagnosis, possible discrimination around treatment options, and lack of patient involvement and assessment of capacity in decision making. There are significant gaps in knowledge and training among most health professionals, leading to disengaged services that are unaware of the physical, emotional, and practical needs of people with learning disabilities, and their carers. PMID:19566998

  11. Mislabeled Reading and Learning Disabilities: Assessment and Treatment for Reading Difficulties in Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sze, Susan

    2009-01-01

    Reading affects a plethora of areas in life. Students with learning disabilities often fall into this category due to a lack of practice with reading and less time to focus on building skills. This paper examines the background, the relationship between reading and learning disabilities, the characteristics of students with learning disabilities…

  12. Teaching Algebra to Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Impecoven-Lind, Linda S.; Foegen, Anne

    2010-01-01

    Algebra is a gateway to expanded opportunities, but it often poses difficulty for students with learning disabilities. Consequently, it is essential to identify evidence-based instructional strategies for these students. The authors begin by identifying three areas of algebra difficulty experienced by students with disabilities: cognitive…

  13. Technology in the Assessment of Learning Disability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bigler, Erin D.; Lajiness-O'Neill, Renee; Howes, Nancy-Louise

    1998-01-01

    Reviews recent neuroradiologic and brain imaging techniques in the assessment of learning disability. Technologies reviewed include computerized tomography; magnetic resonance imaging; electrophysiological and metabolic imaging; computerized electroencepholographic studies of evoked potentials, event-related potentials, spectral analysis, and

  14. Clinical Syndromes among the Learning Disabled.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewandowski, Lawrence J.

    1985-01-01

    Four physiological conditions associated with later learning disabilities are noted: Turner Syndrome (a chromosomal abnormality), preterm children with intracranial hemorrhage, children with incompletely developed connecting fibers between the cerebral hemispheres, and children with acquired brain injury. (CL)

  15. Technology in the Assessment of Learning Disability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bigler, Erin D.; Lajiness-O'Neill, Renee; Howes, Nancy-Louise

    1998-01-01

    Reviews recent neuroradiologic and brain imaging techniques in the assessment of learning disability. Technologies reviewed include computerized tomography; magnetic resonance imaging; electrophysiological and metabolic imaging; computerized electroencepholographic studies of evoked potentials, event-related potentials, spectral analysis, and…

  16. A Two Hundred Year History of Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlson, Shirley

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this paper was to track the history of learning disabilities and collect intervention theories which might be helpful for adult college students suffering from any number of learning disabilities (LD). There is a vast difference between a learning difficulty and a learning disability; an individual with learning difficulty can learn…

  17. Learning Disability: Not Just a Problem Children Outgrow.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    President's Committee on Employment of the Handicapped, Washington, DC.

    Three papers concerning learning disabled adults and a list of resources available for disabled people are presented. The first paper, "Colin's Own Story," was written by a 16 year old learning disabled individual, and recounts his struggles and what it is like to be learning disabled. Two poems by the author further describe his emotions and

  18. The Development of Encoding Processes in Learning Disabled Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lorsbach, Thomas C.; Gray, Jeffrey W.

    The current experiment compared the development of encoding preferences in learning disabled children and non-disabled children. Both learning disabled (LD) and non-learning disabled (non-LD) boys from grades 2 and 6 were given a false recognition task. To measure the relative dominance of attributes encoded by the two groups at the two ages,…

  19. Is there a "disability" for learning a foreign language?

    PubMed

    Sparks, Richard L

    2006-01-01

    Recently, talk of a new type of learning disability (LD)--a foreign language learning disability, or FLLD--has made its way into the LD and foreign language (FL) literature. However, no empirical evidence has been published to support the concept of a "disability" for FL learning by those professionals who use the term. In this article, the author takes the position that there is not a distinct "disability" that can be called an FLLD. He reviews several years of research evidence indicating that any proposal for such a distinct entity is problematic. To support his position, he reviews problems with the current definition and diagnostic criteria for LD. He then cites the many difficulties inherent in the development and use of (a) a logically consistent, easily operationalized, and empirically valid definition of and (b) diagnostic criteria for the FLLD concept. The author then discusses how FL learning problems occur along a continuum of very strong to very poor language learners, and he explains how the proponents of an FLLD misuse the concept of FL aptitude. Finally, the author cites implications resulting from the research evidence on FL learning problems and use of the term FLLD. PMID:17165621

  20. Overcoming the obstacles: Life stories of scientists with learning disabilities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Force, Crista Marie

    Scientific discovery is at the heart of solving many of the problems facing contemporary society. Scientists are retiring at rates that exceed the numbers of new scientists. Unfortunately, scientific careers still appear to be outside the reach of most individuals with learning disabilities. The purpose of this research was to better understand the methods by which successful learning disabled scientists have overcome the barriers and challenges associated with their learning disabilities in their preparation and performance as scientists. This narrative inquiry involved the researcher writing the life stories of four scientists. These life stories were generated from extensive interviews in which each of the scientists recounted their life histories. The researcher used narrative analysis to "make sense" of these learning disabled scientists' life stories. The narrative analysis required the researcher to identify and describe emergent themes characterizing each scientist's life. A cross-case analysis was then performed to uncover commonalities and differences in the lives of these four individuals. Results of the cross-case analysis revealed that all four scientists had a passion for science that emerged at an early age, which, with strong drive and determination, drove these individuals to succeed in spite of the many obstacles arising from their learning disabilities. The analysis also revealed that these scientists chose careers based on their strengths; they actively sought mentors to guide them in their preparation as scientists; and they developed coping techniques to overcome difficulties and succeed. The cross-case analysis also revealed differences in the degree to which each scientist accepted his or her learning disability. While some demonstrated inferior feelings about their successes as scientists, still other individuals revealed feelings of having superior abilities in areas such as visualization and working with people. These individuals revealed beliefs that they developed these special abilities as a result of their learning differences, which made them better than their non-learning disabled peers in certain areas. Finally, the researcher discusses implications of these findings in the light of special accommodations that can be made by teachers, school counselors, and parents to encourage learning disabled children who demonstrate interest in becoming scientists.

  1. Sex Differences in Learning Abilities and Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nass, Ruth D.

    1993-01-01

    This review of the male preponderance in the prevalence of learning disabilities examines such factors as gender-related etiology differences and learning style differences; complications of pregnancy and infancy; effects of male hormones on the nervous system; and sex differences in maturity rates. (JDD)

  2. Staff Development Workshops about Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooper, Richard

    A project was conducted to provide staff development workshops about adults with learning problems to agencies throughout Pennsylvania. Workshops and accompanying guides on nine topics ranging from understanding learning differences, problems, and disabilities to alternative instructional techniques were developed. Workshops were conducted…

  3. The Learning Disabled as a Creative Individual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ross, Samuel B., Jr.

    A visual literacy program may be helpful in reaching the "learning disabled" (youngsters of average or above average intelligence who are not achieving on or above grade level). To carry out a good visual literacy program it is necessary to have many kinds of arts and crafts materials, a supply of newspapers and magazines in a learning resource…

  4. Using "Learning Reconsidered" to Reinvent Disability Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Myers, Karen A.

    2008-01-01

    "Who is responsible for developing, ensuring, and assessing learning outcomes--student affairs, academic affairs, or both?" This question yielded a spirited debate between faculty members and student affairs professionals in the author's course Disability in Higher Education and Society. The author was prompted to learn more about this issue at…

  5. Basic Visual Processes and Learning Disability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leisman, Gerald

    Representatives of a variety of disciplines concerned with either clinical or research problems in vision and learning disabilities present reviews and reports of relevant research and clinical approaches. Contributions are organized into four broad sections: basic processes, specific disorders, diagnosis of visually based problems in learning,…

  6. The Complete Learning Disabilities Directory, 2007 Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grey House Publishing, 2006

    2006-01-01

    This is the thirteenth edition of the most comprehensive reference book covering the wide range of learning disabilities resources available nationwide. This directory contains well over 7,000 entries and covers the schools, learning centers, vocational training programs, associations and organizations, and government agencies involved in learning…

  7. Investigating alternative conceptions in learning disabled students

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cole, Terry Stokes

    Science teachers have long noticed the fact that their students come to school with their own concepts, produced from daily experiences and interactions with the world around them. Sometimes these ideas are in agreement with accepted scientific theories, but often they are not. These "incorrect" ideas, or "misconceptions" have been the focus of many studies, which can be helpful to teachers when planning their lessons. However, there is a dearth of information that is geared specifically to students with learning disabilities. These students generally have deficits in areas of perception and learning that could conceivably influence the way they formulate concepts. The purpose of this study was to examine the concepts held by students with learning disabilities on the causes of the day/night cycle, the phases of the moon, and the seasons. An interview format was judged to be the best method of ensuring that the students' ideas were clearly documented. The subjects were five, sixth-grade students in a city school, who had been determined to have a learning disability. In examining the results, there did not seem to be any direct link between the type of misconception formed and the learning deficit of the child. It seemed more likely that students formed their concepts the way students usually do, but the various disabilities they exhibited interfered with their learning of more appropriate conceptions. The results of this study will be helpful to science teachers, curriculum planners, or anyone who works with students who have learning disabilities. It is hoped that this will begin to fill a void in the area of learning disabilities research.

  8. Working Reflexively in Learning Disabilities: What Emma Taught Us

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manners, Paula Jean; Russ, Marina

    2006-01-01

    This article is about the feelings of powerlessness that professionals feel to cure learning disability and to answer questions such as "why do I have a learning disability?". We describe how Emma showed us through role play what it was like to have learning difficulties. This article is interesting to people with learning disabilities because

  9. Working Reflexively in Learning Disabilities: What Emma Taught Us

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manners, Paula Jean; Russ, Marina

    2006-01-01

    This article is about the feelings of powerlessness that professionals feel to cure learning disability and to answer questions such as "why do I have a learning disability?". We describe how Emma showed us through role play what it was like to have learning difficulties. This article is interesting to people with learning disabilities because…

  10. Children with Learning Disabilities. Facts for Families. Number 16

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry (NJ1), 2011

    2011-01-01

    Parents are often worried when their child has learning problems in school. There are many reasons for school failure, but a common one is a specific learning disability. Children with learning disabilities can have intelligence in the normal range but the specific learning disability may make teachers and parents concerned about their general…

  11. Psychosocial and Adaptive Deficits Associated With Learning Disability Subtypes.

    PubMed

    Backenson, Erica M; Holland, Sara C; Kubas, Hanna A; Fitzer, Kim R; Wilcox, Gabrielle; Carmichael, Jessica A; Fraccaro, Rebecca L; Smith, Amanda D; Macoun, Sarah J; Harrison, Gina L; Hale, James B

    2015-01-01

    Children with specific learning disabilities (SLD) have deficits in the basic psychological processes that interfere with learning and academic achievement, and for some SLD subtypes, these deficits can also lead to emotional and/or behavior problems. This study examined psychosocial functioning in 123 students, aged 6 to 11, who underwent comprehensive evaluations for learning and/or behavior problems in two Pacific Northwest school districts. Using concordance-discordance model (C-DM) processing strengths and weaknesses SLD identification criteria, results revealed working memory SLD (n = 20), processing speed SLD (n = 30), executive SLD (n = 32), and no disability groups (n = 41). Of the SLD subtypes, repeated measures MANOVA results revealed the processing speed SLD subtype exhibited the greatest psychosocial and adaptive impairment according to teacher behavior ratings. Findings suggest processing speed deficits may be behind the cognitive and psychosocial disturbances found in what has been termed "nonverbal" SLD. Limitations, implications, and future research needs are addressed. PMID:24300589

  12. Family Adaptation to Learning Disability: A Framework for Understanding and Treatment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Hara, David M.; Levy, Judith M.

    1984-01-01

    The article reviews literature pertaining to general effects of a developmentally disabled child on a family with particular emphasis on implications for families with learning disabled children. Covered are aspects of individual and family life cycles during various life stages, sibling adjustment, and intervention approaches with the child and…

  13. No One Knows: Offenders with Learning Difficulties and Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Talbot, Jenny; Riley, Chris

    2007-01-01

    The prevalence of offenders with learning difficulties and learning disabilities is not agreed upon. What is clear, however, is that, regardless of actual numbers, many offenders have learning difficulties that reduce their ability to cope within the criminal justice system, for example, not understanding fully what is happening to them in court…

  14. Complete Learning Disabilities Handbook: Ready-To-Use Strategies & Activities for Teaching Students with Learning Disabilities. New Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harwell, Joan M.

    The 16 chapters of this comprehensive guide to teaching students with learning disabilities cover the following topics: (1) an overview of the field of learning disabilities (characteristics, causes, prevalence, prognosis, and resources); (2) research in the field of learning disabilities (how the brain works, how children learn); (3) relevant

  15. The Relationship between Learning Disabilities and Homelessness in Adults

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Markos, Patricia A.; Strawser, Sherri

    2004-01-01

    This article describes the relationship between learning disabilities (LD) and homelessness. Research describing the connection between disabilities and homelessness has focused on individuals presenting with disabilities such as mental illness, physical disabilities, medical disabilities, or substance abuse. At this time, the presence of LD in…

  16. A Critique of "Controversial Medical Treatments of Learning Disabilities"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feingold, Benjamin F.

    1977-01-01

    The author replies to the article titled "Controversial Medical Treatments of Learning Disabilities" (R. Sieben), and discusses research on the relationship between food additives and hyperactivity, and dietary treatments for learning disabled children. (IM)

  17. School Counselors and Psychological Aspects of Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fahey, David A.

    1984-01-01

    Provides an overview of some of the more common psychological theories and behavioral variables associated with learning disabilities. Reviews Adlerian Rational Emotive and behavioral and hypnotherapy approaches as intervention strategies for the counselor confronted with learning disabled students. (LLL)

  18. Accessible Article: Involving People with Learning Disabilities in Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garbutt, Ruth; Tattersall, John; Dunn, Jo; Boycott-Garnett, Rachel

    2010-01-01

    This is an article that talks about our research about sex and relationships for people with learning disabilities. It talks about how people with learning disabilities have been fully involved in the research. (Contains 2 footnotes.)

  19. Auditory and Visual Vigilance in Normal and Learning Disabled Readers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swanson, H. Lee

    1980-01-01

    The Continuous Performance Test was administered to 16 normal and 16 learning disabled males (CA 12.5) to test the proposition that learning disabled children manifest an attention deficit related to reading performance. (Author)

  20. Psychiatric disabilities and the Americans with Disabilities Act: implications for policy and practice.

    PubMed

    Pardeck, J T

    1998-01-01

    People with psychiatric disabilities are often victims of job discrimination. The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 makes it very clear that job discrimination based on a psychiatric impairment is illegal. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) reports that psychiatric disability is one of the leading causes why persons file discrimination complaints. Given this situation, an analysis is offered of what constitutes a psychiatric disability under the ADA. An overview, an analysis, and examples of the kinds of accommodations employers can be expected to provide people with psychiatric disabilities are offered. The policy and practice implications of the employment provisions (Title I) in the area of psychiatric disabilities are presented. PMID:10185053

  1. A cluster analysis of learning disabled children.

    PubMed

    Jorgenson, C B; Jorgenson, D E; Davis, W P

    1987-07-01

    Cluster analysis was employed with the intent of describing more homogeneous subgroups of learning disabled (LD) children. The parents and teachers of 29 children placed in special education as learning disabled completed questionnaires concerning demographic information regarding the families; birth, medical, and developmental histories regarding the children were also included. Variables for the analysis were those found, by means of discriminant analysis in an earlier study, to be significantly related to LD as opposed to regular education children. The presence of developmental delays (speaking or walking later than expected), birth order, and sex of the children were influential in the definition of the clusters. PMID:3623820

  2. I. Learning Disabilities: Issues on Definition. A Position Paper of the National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities, January 30, 1981.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Learning Disability Quarterly, 1983

    1983-01-01

    Problems with the current definition of learning disabilities (LD) include its misinterpretation, failure to recognize the developmental nature of LD, and lack of statement about etiology. The definition offered by the National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities is presented. (CL)

  3. Learning Disabilities: Issues on Definition: A Position Paper of the National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities, January 30, 1981.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Journal of Learning Disabilities, 1987

    1987-01-01

    The position paper of the National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities provides five criticisms of the definition of learning disabilities developed in 1967 by the National Advisory Committee on Handicapped Children and proposes an alternative definition. (DB)

  4. Reading and Learning Disabilities. NICHCY Briefing Paper. 3rd Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kupper, Lisa, Ed.

    Intended for parents of children with reading and learning disabilities, this publication provides basic information and identifies related organizations and other resources. The first section is an article titled, "A Look at Learning Disabilities in Children and Youth" (Larry B. Silver). This article reviews types of learning disabilities (based…

  5. Women with Learning Disabilities Who Offend: What Do We Know?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayes, Susan Carol

    2007-01-01

    Of the 4000 women and girls in custody in England and Wales, an unknown proportion will have a learning disability. Most research on the plight of offenders or accused persons with a learning disability has focussed on men because women form a small proportion of the prison population, and women with learning disabilities are an even smaller…

  6. Hair Mineral Content as a Predictor of Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marlowe, Mike; And Others

    1984-01-01

    This study investigated the relationship between hair mineral elements and childhood learning disabilities and determined which minerals, if any, separated 26 learning disabled children with 24 normal controls. The learning disabled group had significantly raised hair-lead concentrations. There were also differences in the mean levels of 10 other…

  7. Screening for Learning Disabilities in Adult Basic Education Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reynolds, Sharon L.; Johnson, Jerry D.; Salzman, James A.

    2012-01-01

    The extant literature offers little to describe the processes for screening students in adult basic education (ABE) programs for potential learning disabilities, referring adult students for diagnostic assessment, or barriers to obtaining diagnostic assessment for a learning disability. Without current documentation of a learning disability, ABE…

  8. A Review of the Learning Disability Evaluation Scale (LDES).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mathew, Saramma T.

    2001-01-01

    The Learning Disability Evaluation Scale (LDES) was developed for educators to identify students with learning disabilities using observations. The instrument consists of 88 items arranged on seven subscales based on the federal government's definition of Learning Disabilities. This review is an attempt to describe the strengths and weaknesses of…

  9. Women with Learning Disabilities Who Offend: What Do We Know?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayes, Susan Carol

    2007-01-01

    Of the 4000 women and girls in custody in England and Wales, an unknown proportion will have a learning disability. Most research on the plight of offenders or accused persons with a learning disability has focussed on men because women form a small proportion of the prison population, and women with learning disabilities are an even smaller

  10. Relationships of People with Learning Disabilities in Ireland

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bane, Geraldine; Deely, Marie; Donohoe, Brian; Dooher, Martin; Flaherty, Josephine; Iriarte, Edurne Garcia; Hopkins, Rob; Mahon, Ann; Minogue, Ger; Mc Donagh, Padraig; O'Doherty, Siobhain; Curry, Martin; Shannon, Stephen; Tierney, Edel; Wolfe, Marie

    2012-01-01

    This study explored the perspectives of people with learning disabilities on relationships and supports in the Republic of Ireland. A national research network consisting of 21 researchers with learning disabilities, 12 supporters, and 7 university researchers conducted the study. Researchers with learning disabilities and their supporters ran 16…

  11. 45 CFR 1308.14 - Eligibility criteria: Learning disabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... child is classified as having a learning disability who has a disorder in one or more of the basic... child be classified as having a learning disability if: (1) The child does not achieve commensurate with... referred with a professional diagnosis of learning disability. But because of the difficulty of...

  12. Developing Recreation Skills in Persons with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peniston, Lorraine C.

    This book provides specific suggestions for ways to make accommodations and modify leisure activities to enable and encourage the participation of individuals with learning disabilities. The following chapters include: (1) "An Introduction"; (2) "Learning Disabilities," which describes types of learning disabilities, guidelines in assessing…

  13. Learning Disabilities: New Directions for Assessment and Intervention.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jordan, Nancy C., Ed.; Goldsmith-Phillips, Josephine, Ed.

    This collection of original papers synthesizes research on learning disabilities in school-age children, with the theme of connecting learning disabilities research with assessment and practice. The volume begins with a paper by Howard S. Adelman titled "Learning Disabilities: On Interpreting Research Translations." Part I of the collection then…

  14. The regression-based discrepancy definition of learning disability: a critical appraisal.

    PubMed

    Cahan, Sorel; Fono, Dafna; Nirel, Ronit

    2012-01-01

    The regression-based discrepancy definition of learning disabilities has been suggested by Rutter and Yule as an improvement of the well-known and much criticized achievement-intelligence discrepancy definition, whereby the examinee's predicted reading attainment is substituted for the intelligence score in the discrepancy expression. Even though the regression-based discrepancy definition has been with us for more than 30 years, critical examination of this approach is scarce. This article fills this lacuna by examining the implications of two variables in the model on the diagnosis of learning disabilities: (a) the effect of predictive validity on the proportion of examinees identified as learning disabled, and (b) the effect of the predictor's identity on the identity of the examinees diagnosed with learning disabilities. Implications of these effects concerning the validity of the regression-based discrepancy model and of the results of its implementation are discussed. PMID:20375287

  15. A Time to Define: Making the Specific Learning Disability Definition Prescribe Specific Learning Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kavale, Kenneth A.; Spaulding, Lucinda S.; Beam, Andrea P.

    2009-01-01

    Unlike other special education categories defined in U.S. law (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act), the definition of specific learning disability (SLD) has not changed since first proposed in 1968. Thus, although the operational definition of SLD has responded to new knowledge and understanding about the construct, the formal definition…

  16. Extended Mnemonic Instruction with Learning Disabled Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tolfa, Debra; And Others

    Sixty-four learning disabled sixth, seventh, and eighth grade students were assigned to 24 small instructional groups which were in turn assigned at random to mnemonic and control conditions. Instructional groups were then given three daily lessons on dinosaurs in counterbalanced order. The lessons involved dinosaur vocabulary, attributes of…

  17. Developmental Dyscalculia Is a Familial Learning Disability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shalev, Ruth S.; Manor, Orly; Kerem, Batsheva; Ayali, Mady; Badichi, Navah; Friedlander, Yechiel; Gross-Tsur, Varda

    2001-01-01

    Siblings and parents of 39 children with dyscalculia were assessed for arithmetic, reading, and attention disorders. Findings indicated a familial prevalence of dyscalculia almost tenfold higher than expected for the general population and suggest that dyscalculia, like other learning disabilities, has a significant familial aggregation,

  18. Educating Children with Learning Disabilities in Africa

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abosi, Okey

    2007-01-01

    The increase in the number of slow learners and children with learning disabilities in schools in Africa has become a major issue and concern. The situation is reflected in various school-leaving examinations, where an average of 30 percent of the results are below average or failures each year. Although there are no statistical records available

  19. Specific Learning Disability, 1982-83 Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Enell, Nancy C.; Lee, Peter

    During the spring of 1981, a San Juan Task force of special education staff members developed revised criteria for the identification of students with specific learning disabilities (SLD). This report covers the second year of discrepancy criteria implementation. It examines the identification of 225 students with SLD during the first semester of…

  20. Comment: The Eye and Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benton, Curtis D., Jr.

    1973-01-01

    In the rebuttal to charges made by Nathan Flax, an optometrist, regarding the joint organizational statement of three medical associations concerning treatment of dyslexia and related learning disabilities, the author discusses the five controversial points and largely reaffirms the statement's conclusions. (MC)

  1. Mnemonic Strategy Instruction with Learning Disabled Adolescents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mastropieri, Margo A.; And Others

    1985-01-01

    In two experiments, students (10 learning disabled ninth graders and 45 nondisabled seventh graders) were taught the hardness levels of minerals according to either a keyword-pegword mnemonic, a questioning procedure, or free study. Mnemonic students significantly outrecalled both questioning and free-study students regardless of students'…

  2. Behavioral Disorders, Learning Disabilities and Megavitamin Therapy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    LaPerchia, Phyllis

    1987-01-01

    Presents findings from several sources that give results of research in megavitamin nutritional therapy. Examines vitamin therapy in learning disabilities in general, schizophrenia, autism, mental retardation and Down's syndrome, and hyperkinesis. Concludes that holistic approach to treatment is needed and that vitamin therapy, if proven…

  3. South Korean Perspective on Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jung, Dae Young

    2007-01-01

    In the context of the educational system and the nature of special education in South Korea, I describe policy, practice, and research about children with learning disabilities (LD). Recently, the study of LD has attracted professionals from multiple disciplines including general and special education, medicine, psychology, and social work. In…

  4. Naturalistic Memory in Learning Disabled Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swanson, H. Lee; Trahan, Marcy

    1990-01-01

    Thirty-five learning-disabled readers (mean age 10) and 43 controls were compared on a sentence span task and on recall of everyday features, consequential events, and misleading information. Results indicated that subjects were deficient on working memory and naturalistic measures, but their naturalistic memory deficits did not appear to relate…

  5. Relationship between Learning Disabilities and Juvenile Delinquency.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKay, Susan; Brumback, Roger A.

    1980-01-01

    Being labeled as different may alienate learning disabled children from "normal society." If children reject social institutions (such as school), they may seek alternative, frequently delinquent, activities. Since adjudicated delinquents of normal intelligence show a significant degree of academic underachievement, correctional programs must

  6. People with Learning Disabilities and "Active Ageing"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foster, Liam; Boxall, Kathy

    2015-01-01

    Background: People (with and without learning disabilities) are living longer. Demographic ageing creates challenges and the leading policy response to these challenges is "active ageing". "Active" does not just refer to the ability to be physically and economically active, but also includes ongoing social and civic engagement

  7. Career Guidance for Learning-Disabled Youth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Charles P.; Chan, Janice

    2014-01-01

    Learning disabilities (LDs) describe a number of disorders that affect the way information is acquired, retained, organized, and understood. This article aims to address the critical issue of improving the career well-being of LD youth. It first examines several critical issues that affect LD high school students/youth in their career development.…

  8. Operationalizing a definition of learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Shaw, S F; Cullen, J P; McGuire, J M; Brinckerhoff, L C

    1995-11-01

    Past, present, and future concerns regarding the definition of learning disabilities (LD) are documented. Research on efforts to clarify the LD label is discussed, with a focus on the questionable utility of the discrepancy model. Finally, an approach to operationalizing the NJCLD definition of LD is presented and applied. PMID:8530902

  9. Montessori and Learning Differences. Children with Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pickering, Joyce S.

    2003-01-01

    This article discusses how children with oral and written language disorders can benefit from the Montessori method, especially if the Montessorian is trained to use a Multisensory Structured Language approach. Questions are answered regarding the number of children with learning disabilities, considerations in training the classroom assistant,…

  10. Children's Literature for the Learning Disabled.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doherty-Hale, Doty

    1984-01-01

    The article describes eight children's books that, although not specifically about learning disabled children, still recreate what it is like to be small, different, or alone. The article further cites examples of children's classics (such as "Alice in Wonderland" and "Charlotte's Web" that portray children at odds with their environment. (CL)

  11. Controversial Medical Treatments of Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sieben, Robert L.

    1977-01-01

    The author presents a critical review of popular medical treatments for children with learning disabilities, including dietary treatment (food additives theories, brain allergies, hypoglycemia, megavitamin therapy, and trace mineral tests) and neurophysiologic retraining (patterning, sensory integrative therapy, and optometric training). (IM)

  12. Group Hypnotherapy With Learning Disabled Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Lynn S.; And Others

    The impact of group hypnotic and self-hypnotic training on the academic performance and self-esteem of learning disabled children was explored. Three hypnotic training sessions and instructions for six weeks of daily self-hypnotic practice containing suggestions for imagery related to improvement in these areas were given to 15 children, their

  13. Learning Disabilities Existing Concomitantly with Communication Disorder.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schoenbrodt, Lisa; And Others

    1997-01-01

    A discussion of language disorders that often occur with learning disabilities focuses on definitions, characteristics, alternative assessment methods, and service delivery models and interventions. Use of standardized test batteries, curriculum-based language assessment, and portfolio assessment is reviewed. Principles and methods to enhance…

  14. Kindergarten Predictors of Math Learning Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mazzocco, Michele M. M.; Thompson, Richard E.

    2005-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to address how to effectively predict mathematics learning disability (MLD). Specifically, we addressed whether cognitive data obtained during kindergarten can effectively predict which children will have MLD in third grade, whether an abbreviated test battery could be as effective as a standard psychoeducational…

  15. Developmental Dyscalculia Is a Familial Learning Disability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shalev, Ruth S.; Manor, Orly; Kerem, Batsheva; Ayali, Mady; Badichi, Navah; Friedlander, Yechiel; Gross-Tsur, Varda

    2001-01-01

    Siblings and parents of 39 children with dyscalculia were assessed for arithmetic, reading, and attention disorders. Findings indicated a familial prevalence of dyscalculia almost tenfold higher than expected for the general population and suggest that dyscalculia, like other learning disabilities, has a significant familial aggregation,…

  16. Using Accommodations with Students with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rogan, Joseph; Havir, Connie L.

    1993-01-01

    The Alternative Learners Project of College Misericordia (Pennsylvania) helps students with severe learning disabilities to determine what accommodations are needed (such as Books-on-Tape, Kurzweil Personal Readers, notetakers, test readers, voice-input word processors, alternative testing arrangements, and other types of adaptive equipment) and…

  17. Neuropsychological Deficits, Learning Disability, and Violent Behavior.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bryant, Ernest T.; And Others

    1984-01-01

    Examined the relationship between neuropsychological functioning, learning disability, and violent behavior in prisoners (N=110). Results indicated that (a) violent offenders tend to have serious neuropsychological deficits and that (b) inmates classified as brain damaged had a significantly higher rate of violent criminal activity than did the

  18. Neuropsychology of Learning Disabilities: Past and Future

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rourke, Byron P.

    2005-01-01

    Some of the issues that dominated, or at least held sway, in the neuropsychology of learning disabilities (LD) in the 1970s included: the definition of LD, whether there are reliable and valid subtypes of LD, whether and to what extent LD are related to cerebral dysfunction, and whether LD are related to types and/or degrees of psychosocial…

  19. Software Programs and the Learning Disabled Student.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ostertag, B. A.

    Suggestions are offered regarding the use and selection of software with LD (learning disabled) students. The scarcity of appropriate software for the population is pointed out and a hybrid selection scale based upon several existing scales is described. It is noted that the major reason for rejecting software is the high readability skill…

  20. People with Learning Disabilities and "Active Ageing"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foster, Liam; Boxall, Kathy

    2015-01-01

    Background: People (with and without learning disabilities) are living longer. Demographic ageing creates challenges and the leading policy response to these challenges is "active ageing". "Active" does not just refer to the ability to be physically and economically active, but also includes ongoing social and civic engagement…

  1. Learning Disability and Depression in Young Adulthood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MacInnes, Maryhelen; Broman, Clifford L.

    2013-01-01

    It is well established that children and adolescents with learning disabilities are more likely to experience depressed mood than are their peers. Many scholars explain this relationship as resulting from low self-esteem, stress, or social isolation. However, little work has explored whether this relationship continues to exist into young…

  2. Teaching Piano Students with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cahn, Lorynne D.

    The relationship between the teacher of piano and the learning disabled student and some issues in piano instruction for such students are examined. Perceptual deficiencies and perceptual motor problems are noted. Techniques for dealing with poor visual discrimination are suggested; these include doing the simplest type of theory work to help the…

  3. Learning Strategies for Adolescents with Mild Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conderman, Greg; Koman, Kara; Schibelka, Mary; Higgin, Karen; Cooper, Cody; Butler, Jordyn

    2013-01-01

    Learning strategy instruction is an evidence-based practice for teaching adolescents with mild disabilities. However, researchers have not developed strategies for every content area or skill. Therefore, teachers need to be able develop strategies based on the needs of their students. This article reviews the process for developing and teaching…

  4. Career Guidance for Learning-Disabled Youth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Charles P.; Chan, Janice

    2014-01-01

    Learning disabilities (LDs) describe a number of disorders that affect the way information is acquired, retained, organized, and understood. This article aims to address the critical issue of improving the career well-being of LD youth. It first examines several critical issues that affect LD high school students/youth in their career development.

  5. PROGRESS IN LEARNING DISABILITIES. VOLUME I.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MYKLEBUST, HELMER R., ED.

    THE FIRST OF A SERIES DEALING WITH LEARNING DISABILITIES FROM A PSYCHONEUROLOGICAL STANDPOINT, THE VOLUME CONTAINS CURRENT DISCUSSIONS AND RESEARCH REPORTS. TEN AUTHORS FROM A VARIETY OF FIELDS CONTRIBUTE CHAPTERS, EACH WITH AN ACCOMPANYING LIST OF REFERENCES. THE EDITOR, H.R. MYKLEBUST, PROVIDES THE OPENING ARTICLE ON "LEARNING…

  6. Teaching Science to Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grumbine, Rich; Alden, Peg Brigham

    2006-01-01

    One of the four guiding principles of the National Science Education Standards is simply "science for all students" (NRC 1996). This principle underscores the belief that all students, regardless of race, gender, or disability, should have the opportunity to learn and understand the essential science content described in the Standards. Because of…

  7. Ethical Concerns and Identification of Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adelman, Howard S.; Taylor, Linda

    The paper discusses the ethical bases for practices in identifying learning disabilities (LD) in children. The state of the art in identification is briefly highlighted, as is the controversy over responsibility and abuse in the process. The author asserts that concerns over current practices do not change the underlying responsibility to provide…

  8. Transition Strategies for Persons with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michaels, Craig A., Ed.

    This collection of 10 papers focuses on the transition of students with learning disabilities from secondary education to employment, postsecondary education, independent living, and full social integration. The text concentrates on systemic transition problems that prevent successful communication, coordination, goal setting, and appropriate…

  9. Motor Tics, Tourette Syndrome, and Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lerer, Robert J.

    1987-01-01

    Complex motor tics associated with vocal tics indicate a high likelihood of Tourette syndrome; children with this syndrome may also have learning disabilities and attentional disorders. Individuals may be treated with stimulant drugs which may precipitate or exacerbate tics. Pharmacotherapy is available for management of tics and attentional…

  10. Educating Students with Learning Disabilities in Taiwan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hsiao, Yun-Ju

    2011-01-01

    In East Asia, Taiwan is one of only a few countries that has a clear definition of learning disabilities (LD) as well as operational criteria for the identification of LD. In Taiwan, special education services for students with LD are mandated in the Special Education Act of 1984. According to the official statistics from the Taiwanese Special…

  11. Assistive Technology: Empowering Students with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forgrave, Karen E.

    2002-01-01

    Discusses three technological innovations that hold promise for middle and high school students with learning disabilities in reading and writing: speech synthesis programs (text-to-speech); organizational software; and voice recognition software. Examines advantages and disadvantages of each. Outlines considerations for the successful adoption of…

  12. Learning Disabilities Overview: Update 2002. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boudah, Daniel J.; Weiss, Margaret P.

    This digest of what is currently known about learning disabilities (LD) begins with a brief vignette and then notes that individuals with LD generally have average or above average intelligence, yet underachieve in academics. Five common problem areas for individuals with LD are also examined: reading, written language, math, memory, and…

  13. Extended Mnemonic Instruction with Learning Disabled Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tolfa, Debra; And Others

    Sixty-four learning disabled sixth, seventh, and eighth grade students were assigned to 24 small instructional groups which were in turn assigned at random to mnemonic and control conditions. Instructional groups were then given three daily lessons on dinosaurs in counterbalanced order. The lessons involved dinosaur vocabulary, attributes of

  14. Comprehensive Assessment and Evaluation of Students with Learning Disabilities: A Paper Prepared by the National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Learning Disability Quarterly, 2011

    2011-01-01

    The National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities (NJCLD) strongly supports comprehensive assessment and evaluation of students with learning disabilities by a multidisciplinary team for the identification and diagnosis of students with learning disabilities. Comprehensive assessment of individual students requires the use of multiple data…

  15. Multiple intelligences and underachievement: lessons from individuals with learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Hearne, D; Stone, S

    1995-01-01

    The field of learning disabilities, like education in the main, is undergoing calls for reform and restructuring, an upheaval brought on in great part by the forces of opposing paradigms--reductionism and constructivism. In reexamining our past, we must begin to address the failures of traditional deficit models and their abysmally low "cure" rate. Several new theories have arisen that challenge traditional practices in both general and special education classrooms. Particularly influential has been the work of Howard Gardner, whose theory of multiple intelligences calls for a restructuring of our schools to accommodate modes of learning and inquiry with something other than deficit approaches. At least some current research in the field of learning disabilities has begun to focus on creativity and nontraditional strengths and talents that have not been well understood or highly valued by the schools. In this article, we briefly summarize the findings in our search for the talents of students labeled learning disabled, evidence of their abilities, implications of these for the schools, and a beginning set of practical recommendations. PMID:7673790

  16. An overview of learning disabilities: psychoeducational perspectives.

    PubMed

    Johnson, D J

    1995-01-01

    In general, people with learning disabilities are a heterogeneous population that require a multidisciplinary evaluation and careful, well-planned intervention. Despite this heterogeneity, patterns of problems often co-occur. Therefore, diagnosticians and educators should look beyond single areas of achievement such as reading or arithmetic. In addition, problems in one area of learning typically have secondary impacts on higher levels of learning. That is, comprehension problems typically interfere with expression. Every effort should be made to examine patterns of problems and to avoid fragmentation of services so that each area of underachievement is not treated separately. Although learning disabilities usually interfere with school performance, they are not simply academic handicaps. They interfere with certain social activities as well as occupational pursuits. In many instances, they impact on mental health and self-esteem. Therefore, students need multiple services. And, as emphasized throughout this journal issue, learning disabled individuals may have comorbid conditions such as attention deficit disorder, depression, and neurologic problems. Furthermore, the problems may change over time. Children may first be identified because of language comprehension problems but later have reading or mathematics difficulty. With intervention, oral expressive problems may be alleviated but may be manifested later in written language. PMID:7751550

  17. A New World Order: Connecting Adult Developmental Theory to Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Price, Lynda; Patton, James R.

    2003-01-01

    This article explores new connections between the current literature base on adult developmental theory and the field of learning disabilities. Emphasis is on theory and practice in self-determination and adult development. Implications for special education, vocational education, general education, and adult learning are discussed. (Contains…

  18. Anxiety and Depression in Children with Nonverbal Learning Disabilities, Reading Disabilities, or Typical Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mammarella, Irene C.; Ghisi, Marta; Bomba, Monica; Bottesi, Gioia; Caviola, Sara; Broggi, Fiorenza; Nacinovich, Renata

    2016-01-01

    The main goal of the present study was to shed further light on the psychological characteristics of children with different learning disability profiles aged between 8 and 11 years, attending from third to sixth grade. Specifically, children with nonverbal learning disabilities (NLD), reading disabilities (RD), or a typical development (TD) were…

  19. Classroom behavior of children and adolescents with learning disabilities: a meta-analysis.

    PubMed

    Bender, W N; Smith, J K

    1990-05-01

    Meta-analysis was used to review the results of 25 studies that compared the classroom behavior of children and adolescents with learning disabilities (LD) to children without learning disabilities. The data were analyzed from several different methodological perspectives. Results showed that both methodologically strong and weak studies demonstrated significant behavioral deficits of children with learning disabilities compared to their nondisabled peers in each of five overall areas: on-task behavior, off-task behavior, conduct disorders, distractibility, and shy/withdrawn behavior. Both observational and teacher rating data demonstrated these differences. Effect sizes for both groups of studies seemed to cluster around 1 standard deviation, suggesting noticeable and educationally significant impairment in the behavior of children with disabilities. Analysis of grade-level effect sizes suggests some explanation for the large number of referrals often witnessed during the elementary school years. Educational implications of these behavioral differences in terms of implications for mainstreaming are discussed. PMID:2140396

  20. Americans with Disabilities Act: Implications for Family Therapy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woody, Robert Henley

    1993-01-01

    Provides a review of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (Public Law 101-596) and discusses its implications for family therapy. Consideration is given to the family therapist's proper form of advocacy of rights and therapeutic usage of the act for empowering the individual with a disability and his or her family. (Author)

  1. Common Pediatric Disabilities: Medical Aspects and Educational Implications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tyler, Janet Siantz; Colson, Steven

    1994-01-01

    This paper presents definitions of common pediatric disabilities and information about incidence, causes, diagnosis, common characteristics, complications with educational implications, and multidisciplinary intervention approaches. It covers the following conditions: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, cerebral palsy, Down syndrome, fragile

  2. Common Pediatric Disabilities: Medical Aspects and Educational Implications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tyler, Janet Siantz; Colson, Steven

    1994-01-01

    This paper presents definitions of common pediatric disabilities and information about incidence, causes, diagnosis, common characteristics, complications with educational implications, and multidisciplinary intervention approaches. It covers the following conditions: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, cerebral palsy, Down syndrome, fragile…

  3. About Learning Disabilities and NF

    MedlinePLUS

    ... guide has been designed specifically for parents and teachers of children with neurofibro- matosis type 1 (NF1) and highlights the common learning and cognitive difficulties experienced by many of these ...

  4. Talking-Point: Books about Children with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winsor, Pamela J. T.

    1998-01-01

    Four children's books on learning disabilities are profiled: "Trouble with School: A Family Story about Learning Disabilities" (Kathryn and Allison Dunn); "The Don't Give-up Kid" (Jeanne Gehret); "Keeping a Head in School: A Student's Book about Learning Abilities and Learning Disorders" (Mel Levine); and "What Do You Mean I Have a Learning…

  5. A Review of Research on Reading and Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Usova, George M.

    Research on the causes, prediction, and specific problems of learning disabled children is reviewed for the years 1967-1978. The literature on the following questions is examined: Can learning disabilities be predicted and will early identification help alleviate the problem? Can training programs significantly remediate reading disabilities? What…

  6. Students with Learning Disabilities in the Music Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Darrow, Alice-Ann

    2012-01-01

    There are a number of disabilities that music educators may never encounter among their students in the music classroom; however, all music educators will have students with learning disabilities. Students with learning disabilities may have a variety of "presenting problems" that limit their academic and social success in the music classroom. The

  7. Students with Learning Disabilities in the Music Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Darrow, Alice-Ann

    2012-01-01

    There are a number of disabilities that music educators may never encounter among their students in the music classroom; however, all music educators will have students with learning disabilities. Students with learning disabilities may have a variety of "presenting problems" that limit their academic and social success in the music classroom. The…

  8. Academic Programs for Gifted and Talented/Learning Disabled Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weinfeld, Rich; Barnes-Robinson, Linda; Jeweler, Sue; Shevitz, Betty

    2002-01-01

    This article discusses a comprehensive program for gifted students with learning disabilities in Maryland's Montgomery Country Public Schools (MCPS). MCPS has developed special self-contained classes for gifted students with severe learning disabilities while those with moderate and mild disabilities receive gifted instruction and services in…

  9. Language Disorders Are Learning Disabilities: Challenges on the Divergent and Diverse Paths to Language Learning Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sun, Lei; Wallach, Geraldine P.

    2014-01-01

    This article takes readers along the pathway of language learning and disorders across childhood and adolescence, highlighting the complex relationship between early (preschool) language disorders and later (school age) learning disabilities. The discussion starts with a review of diagnostic labels widely used in schools and other professional…

  10. Gifted students with learning disabilities: who are they?

    PubMed

    Lovett, Benjamin J; Lewandowski, Lawrence J

    2006-01-01

    More than 20 years ago, psychologists first described gifted students with learning disabilities (LD). In the past decade, several sets of identification criteria have been proposed for this population. Many of the suggested assessment practices are unsupported by research in psychoeducational assessment, and some have been directly contradicted by recent research. We argue that an uncritical acceptance of the concept of concomitant giftedness and LD has led to unsound identification procedures and to interventions that are not targeted properly. Specific recommendations for future research and implications for current clinical practice are discussed. PMID:17165619

  11. Family planning for women with learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Taylor, G; Pearson, J; Cook, H

    An outreach program developed in England by the Merton and Sutton Community and Family Planning Services is effectively addressing the unmet reproductive health needs of women with learning disabilities. A specially trained community health nurse visits prospective clients at their residence and, through use of teaching aids, demonstrates breast self-examination and condom use and explains what will take place at the upcoming clinic visit. Of the 125 learning disabled women who used this program during its first 18 months of operation, only three had previously accessed the community's family planning services. 50% of services provided to this population were annual well-woman checks, 20% related to contraception, and 30% were for counseling on concerns such as domestic violence. Most of these women required a specialized approach that would not have been forthcoming from a generic family planning service or a general practitioner. PMID:9866586

  12. Learning Differences--Not Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Armstrong, Thomas

    1988-01-01

    Concentrating on linguistic and logical-mathematical intelligence in elementary school classrooms ignores the dominant strengths of most children, who may possess alternative spatial, bodily kinesthetic, interpersonal, or intrapersonal intelligence. Explains how elementary teachers can transform "dysteachea" into learning strategies for all…

  13. The educational diagnostic evaluation of the learning disabled child.

    PubMed

    Dobbs, B J; Bender, M; Goldberg, H K

    1980-01-01

    An introduction to the causes and problems of learning disabilities is given, with a description of the tests used by the educator in an effort to diagnose and plan for remediation of the disability. PMID:7391913

  14. Memory Processes in Learning Disability Subtypes of Children Born Preterm

    PubMed Central

    McCoy, Thomasin E.; Conrad, Amy L.; Richman, Lynn C.; Nopoulos, Peg C.; Bell, Edward F.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate immediate auditory and visual memory processes in learning disability subtypes of 40 children born preterm. Three subgroups of children were examined: (a) primary language disability group (n = 13), (b) perceptual-motor disability group (n = 14), and (c) no learning disability diagnosis group without identified language or perceptual-motor learning disability (n = 13). Between-group comparisons indicate no significant differences in immediate auditory or visual memory performances between language and perceptual-motor learning disability groups. Within-group comparisons revealed that both learning disability groups performed significantly lower on a task of immediate memory when the mode of stimulus presentation and mode of response were visual. PMID:22375897

  15. Locus of Control Orientations in Students with Intellectual Disability, Learning Disabilities, and No Disabilities: A Latent Growth Curve Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shogren, Karrie A.; Bovaird, James A.; Palmer, Susan B.; Wehmeyer, Michael L.

    2010-01-01

    Previous research has suggested differences in the locus of control (LOC) orientations of students with intellectual disability, learning disabilities, and no disabilities, although this research has been characterized by methodological limitations. The purpose of this study was to examine the development of LOC orientations in students with

  16. Deeper Learning for Students with Disabilities. Deeper Learning Research Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vaughn, Sharon; Danielson, Louis; Zumeta, Rebecca; Holdheide, Lynn

    2015-01-01

    The U.S. Department of Education's Office of Special Education Programs now requires states to fully disclose the precise steps they will take to ensure better outcomes for students with disabilities. This new requirement can aid educators in implementing effective practices for providing deeper learning opportunities for these students. With the…

  17. A Learning Paradox: Students Who Are Gifted and Learning Disabled

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Welsh, Cecilia Rose

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this generic qualitative study was to determine how and to what extent educational programming affects the success of middle school students experiencing the contemporary phenomenon identified as gifted learning disabled (GLD). The research took place within the real-life context of the middle school these GLD students attended.…

  18. School Shock: Learning Disability as a Dissociative Reaction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zitani, E. Alfredo

    Learning disability is suggested to be a dissociative reaction (school shock) similar to shell shock in wartime requiring appropriate theoretical and remedial approaches. Psychoanalytic and learning theory viewpoints are applied to the nature of learning disabilities. Also considered are the relation of anxiety to achievement and hypnosis to…

  19. Rethinking Learning Disabilities: Understanding Children Who Struggle in School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waber, Deborah P.

    2010-01-01

    Experts have yet to reach consensus about what a learning disability is, how to determine if a child has one, and what to do about it. Leading researcher and clinician Deborah Waber offers an alternative to the prevailing view of learning disability as a problem contained within the child. Instead, she shows how learning difficulties are best…

  20. Rethinking Learning Disabilities: Understanding Children Who Struggle in School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waber, Deborah P.

    2010-01-01

    Experts have yet to reach consensus about what a learning disability is, how to determine if a child has one, and what to do about it. Leading researcher and clinician Deborah Waber offers an alternative to the prevailing view of learning disability as a problem contained within the child. Instead, she shows how learning difficulties are best

  1. 34 CFR 300.307 - Specific learning disabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ..., criteria for determining whether a child has a specific learning disability as defined in § 300.8(c)(10...-based procedures for determining whether a child has a specific learning disability, as defined in § 300... pursuant to paragraph (a) of this section in determining whether a child has a specific learning...

  2. 34 CFR 300.307 - Specific learning disabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., criteria for determining whether a child has a specific learning disability as defined in § 300.8(c)(10...-based procedures for determining whether a child has a specific learning disability, as defined in § 300... pursuant to paragraph (a) of this section in determining whether a child has a specific learning...

  3. A Manual for Teachers of Learning Disabled Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berryman, Carolyn; Perry, Beverely

    Presented are remedial activities for use by the classroom teacher with learning disabled elementary school children in her regular class. An introductory section discusses specific learning deficits, general motor coordination deficits, and behavior manifestations. Offered are 15 generalizations about teaching the learning disabled child such as…

  4. Screening for Offenders with an Intellectual Disability: The Validity of the Learning Disability Screening Questionnaire

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKenzie, Karen; Michie, Amanda; Murray, Aja; Hales, Charlene

    2012-01-01

    The study assessed the validity of an intellectual disability screening tool, the Learning Disability Screening Questionnaire (LDSQ), in three forensic settings: a community intellectual disability forensic service; a forensic in-patient secure unit and a prison, using data for 94 individuals. A significant positive relationship was found between…

  5. Disability Awareness Training with a Group of Adolescents with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lau, Won-Fong K.; Ortega, Karina; Sharkey, Jill

    2015-01-01

    Students with learning disabilities have been found to lack self-awareness about their disability, likely contributing to several challenges they experience, such as social skill deficits. At the same time, there is limited research investigating interventions to effectively increase disability self-awareness among this population. The current…

  6. The Documentation Disconnect for Students with Learning Disabilities: Improving Access to Postsecondary Disability Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Learning Disability Quarterly, 2007

    2007-01-01

    This report by the National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities (NJCLD) outlines important concerns about documentation issues related to students with disabilities as they transition from high school to postsecondary settings. These issues center on the "disconnect" between the nature and extent of disability documentation generated during a…

  7. Screening for Offenders with an Intellectual Disability: The Validity of the Learning Disability Screening Questionnaire

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKenzie, Karen; Michie, Amanda; Murray, Aja; Hales, Charlene

    2012-01-01

    The study assessed the validity of an intellectual disability screening tool, the Learning Disability Screening Questionnaire (LDSQ), in three forensic settings: a community intellectual disability forensic service; a forensic in-patient secure unit and a prison, using data for 94 individuals. A significant positive relationship was found between

  8. [Multifamily therapy in children with learning disabilities].

    PubMed

    Retzlaff, Rüdiger; Brazil, Susanne; Goll-Kopka, Andrea

    2008-01-01

    Multifamily therapy is an evidence-based method used in the treatment and prevention of severe psychiatric disorders, behavioral problems and physical illnesses in children, adolescents and adults. For preventive family-oriented work with children with learning disorders there is a lack of therapeutic models. This article presents results from an innovative pilot project--multiple family groups for families with a learning disabled child of primary school age (six to eleven years old). Based on a systemic approach, this resource-oriented program integrates creative, activity-based interventions and group therapy techniques and conveys a comprehensive understanding of the challenges associated with learning disorders. Because of the pilot character of the study and the small sample size, the results have to be interpreted with care. The results do however clearly support the wider implementation and evaluation of the program in child guidance clinics, social-pediatric centers, as well as child and adolescent clinics and schools. PMID:18605438

  9. Imagery deficits in nonverbal learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Cornoldi, C; Rigoni, F; Tressoldi, P E; Vio, C

    1999-01-01

    This study reports the observations gathered from 11 children referred to consulting services because of learning difficulties at school and diagnosed with nonverbal learning disabilities (NVLD). These children had an average verbal IQ, but a WISC-R performance IQ lower than the verbal IQ by at least 15 points and experienced difficulties especially in mathematics and drawing. The children completed a battery of four tasks requiring visuospatial working memory and visual imagery: a memory task composed of pictures and their positions (Pictures task), a task that required them to memorize the positions filled in a matrix (Passive Matrix task), a task that required them to imagine a pathway along a matrix (Active Matrix task) and a task that required them to learn groups made up of three words, using a visual interactive imagery strategy (TV task). In comparison to a control group of 49 children, children with NVLD scored lower in all the tasks, showing deficits in the use of visuospatial working memory and visual imagery. By contrasting subgroups of children of different ages in the control group, it was possible to show that some tasks did not show a clear developmental trend. Thus the deficits shown by the children with NVLD cannot simply be attributed to a developmental delay of these children, but seem to reflect a more severe disability. PMID:15499887

  10. The Social Perception of Learning Disabled and Non-Learning Disabled Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldman, Renitta L.; Hardin, Veralee B.

    1982-01-01

    The study was undertaken to determine if there were differences in the social perception of 23 learning disabled (LD) and 34 nonLD elementary school children. Results showed that LD children were less accurate in their perception of social interactions than normal children. (Author/SB)

  11. Learning Disabilities and Criminal Justice: Custody Sergeants' Perceptions of Alleged Offenders with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hellenbach, Michael

    2012-01-01

    Recent research demonstrates that despite increased attention and awareness by politicians and decision-makers, people with learning disabilities are still disadvantaged when engaging with the criminal justice system. It has been argued that shortcomings in providing support are because of criminal justice professionals lacking necessary skills…

  12. Stereotypes of Individuals with Learning Disabilities: Views of College Students with and without Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    May, Alison L.; Stone, C. Addison

    2010-01-01

    To explore possible reasons for low self-identification rates among undergraduates with learning disabilities (LD), we asked students (38 with LD, 100 without LD) attending two large, public, research-intensive universities to respond to a questionnaire designed to assess stereotypes about individuals with LD and conceptions of ability. Responses…

  13. Mathematics Instruction for Students with Learning Disabilities or Difficulty Learning Mathematics: A Synthesis of the Intervention Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gersten, Russell; Chard, David J.; Jayanthi, Madhavi; Baker, Scott K.; Morphy, Paul; Flojo, Jonathan

    2008-01-01

    This meta-analysis synthesizes experimental and quasi-experimental research on instruction that enhances the mathematics performance of K-12 students with learning disabilities. It reports the findings from this synthesis, discusses the implications for practice, and suggests next steps for research and professional development efforts in this…

  14. [Temporary disability and its legal implications].

    PubMed

    Martin-Fumadó, Carles; Martí Amengual, Gabriel; Puig Bausili, Lluïsa; Arimany-Manso, Josep

    2014-03-01

    Temporary disability is the condition that workers face when, as the result of illness (common or professional) or accident (work-related or not), they are temporarily prevented from performing their work and require health care. The management of temporary disability is a medical act that involves (in addition to a complex clinical assessment) obvious social, occupational and financial connotations and requires continuing medical follow-up from doctors, as well as responses to medical-legal conflicts. The regulatory framework on the subject is extensive in the Spanish setting and highly diverse in the European setting. Beyond the regulatory framework, the repercussions of temporary disability are self-evident at all levels. Although determining temporary disability is a common medical act for practicing physicians, it is not exempt from risks or difficulties arising from the assessment itself and the characteristics of practicing medical care. Established medical-legal conflicts include the processing of health data and the requirements for transferring information related to workers' temporary disability to their company's medical services. The interest and usefulness demonstrated by the data obtained from forensic medicine for public health require the incorporation of these data into general healthcare information, as it could be essential to the surveillance of worker health. The recommendations established by medical societies, as good practice guidelines, are especially useful in this type of conflict. PMID:24913752

  15. The Effect of Early Reading Failure on Acquisition of Knowledge among Students with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snider, Vicki E.; Tarver, Sara G.

    1987-01-01

    This article considers the ramifications of early reading failure within the context of J. Chall's five-stage model of reading development: (1) initial decoding, (2) fluency, (3) reading for meaning, (4) relationships and viewpoints, and (5) synthesis. Instructional implications include learning disabled students' special need for good instruction…

  16. The Sense and the Necessity of the Sciences in Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duane, Drake D.

    Reflections on the meaning and uses of science and observations about its implications in the study of learning disabilities are offered in this paper. The distinction between science and technology is examined and difficulties with society's absorption in pseudoscience or in science that has been oversimplified are discussed. The field of left…

  17. Using Computers To Accommodate Learning Disabled Students in Mathematics Classes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rapp, Rhonda H.; Gittinger, Dennis J.

    A person with a learning disability usually has average or above average intelligence, but has difficulty taking in, remembering, or expressing information. Learning disabilities can involve visual processing speed, short-term memory processing, fluid reasoning, and long-term memory retrieval. These disorders are intrinsic to the individual and…

  18. What Do You Mean I Have a Learning Disability?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dwyer, Kathleen M.

    This children's book tells the story of 10-year-old Jimmy who is having problems at school and believes he is stupid. After a parent-teacher conference, he is tested and found to have a learning disability. The book discusses the characteristics of learning disabilities and the help Jimmy receives from a tutor. It concludes with Jimmy performing…

  19. A Resource Guide for the Determination of Learning Disabilities. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Education Agency, Austin. Div. of Special Education.

    Intended for special education personnel, the resource guide is designed to clarify the concept of learning disabilities, determine the nature of the data which must be collected to determine the presence or absence of learning disability, develop procedures for collecting the data, and interpret the data. Initial sections address P.L. 94-142 (the…

  20. 34 CFR 300.307 - Specific learning disabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Specific learning disabilities. 300.307 Section 300.307... CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES Evaluations, Eligibility Determinations, Individualized Education Programs, and Educational Placements Additional Procedures for Identifying Children with Specific Learning...

  1. 34 CFR 300.307 - Specific learning disabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Specific learning disabilities. 300.307 Section 300.307... CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES Evaluations, Eligibility Determinations, Individualized Education Programs, and Educational Placements Additional Procedures for Identifying Children with Specific Learning...

  2. 34 CFR 300.307 - Specific learning disabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Specific learning disabilities. 300.307 Section 300.307... CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES Evaluations, Eligibility Determinations, Individualized Education Programs, and Educational Placements Additional Procedures for Identifying Children with Specific Learning...

  3. Model Development for A University-Based Learning Disability Clinic.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Larry L.; And Others

    The report presents a model for appraisal and individualized educational programing for learning disabled children at the School of Education, Auburn University, Alabama. Descriptions by clinic staff of visitations to exemplary models and a summary of a regional conference on learning disabilities introduce the report. The clinic model is…

  4. Longitudinal Research in Learning Disabilities: Report on an International Symposium.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raskind, Marshall H.; Gerber, Paul J.; Goldberg, Roberta J.; Higgins, Eleanor L.; Herman, Kenneth L.

    1998-01-01

    Synthesizes information from a 1995 international symposium on longitudinal research in learning disabilities. Discussion of generic considerations of longitudinal research is followed by examination of issues specific to learning disabilities including definition, attrition, composition of research teams, ethical concerns, data collection, and…

  5. State Learning Disability Eligibility Criteria: A Comprehensive Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maki, Kathrin E.; Floyd, Randy G.; Roberson, Triche

    2015-01-01

    For many decades, discussions regarding the definition and identification of learning disabilities have been contentious; one result is the varied practices across states and school districts. This study reviewed learning disability (LD) regulations and guidelines from the 50 United States and the District of Columbia that were employed during…

  6. Math and Science Strategies for English Learners with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Patricia; Johnson, Gae; Showalter, Stephen

    2012-01-01

    Students with learning disabilities have significantly lower achievement in math and science than students from the general population. If these students with learning disabilities also are English Learners, the challenges for success in math and science are even more difficult. Teachers need to infuse best practices into their classrooms to…

  7. Self-Esteem and Facial Attractiveness among Learning Disabled Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Lisa K.; And Others

    Past research has demonstrated a relationship between children's physical attractiveness and their self-esteem. Other research has found that learning disabled children are at risk for having low self-esteem. This study examined the relationship between self-esteem and facial attractiveness in learning disabled children. Subjects were 20 diagnosed…

  8. Reading Instruction in Science for Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaldenberg, Erica R.; Watt, Sarah J.; Therrien, William J.

    2015-01-01

    As a growing number of students with learning disabilities (LD) receive science instruction in general education settings, students with LD continue to perform significantly lower than their non-disabled peers. The shift from textbook-driven instruction to inquiry-based approaches to science learning supports students who struggle with reading.…

  9. The OJJDP Program as It Pertains to Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Slott, Irving

    The paper reviews the programmatic efforts of the Office of Juvenile Justice Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) targeted for learning disabled delinquents. The history of research projects with this population is traced, and current grant programs designed to make key officials aware of learning disabilities are reviewed. The need for training and…

  10. Programming for Learning Disabled College Students; Accommodation and Autonomy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neault, Liz

    The needs of learning disabled college students and goals of two specific programs designed for this population are discussed. Attention is directed to the unique academic, social, and vocational needs of the learning disabled student. Emphasis needs to be placed on the responsibility of the student to identify and communicate abilities and needs…

  11. Reading Instruction in Science for Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaldenberg, Erica R.; Watt, Sarah J.; Therrien, William J.

    2015-01-01

    As a growing number of students with learning disabilities (LD) receive science instruction in general education settings, students with LD continue to perform significantly lower than their non-disabled peers. The shift from textbook-driven instruction to inquiry-based approaches to science learning supports students who struggle with reading.

  12. How Adults with Learning Disabilities View Living Independently

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bond, Rebecca J.; Hurst, Jenni

    2010-01-01

    It is seen as increasingly important for people with learning disabilities to be supported to live independently and manage their own self care, productivity and leisure activities. This qualitative study explored the experiences of nine adults with mild learning disabilities who lived alone with minimal support. Their narratives were analysed…

  13. Self-Esteem and Facial Attractiveness among Learning Disabled Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Lisa K.; And Others

    Past research has demonstrated a relationship between children's physical attractiveness and their self-esteem. Other research has found that learning disabled children are at risk for having low self-esteem. This study examined the relationship between self-esteem and facial attractiveness in learning disabled children. Subjects were 20 diagnosed

  14. Menstrual Problems Experienced by Women with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rodgers, Jackie; Lipscombe, Jo; Santer, Miriam

    2006-01-01

    Background: Menstruation appears to be problematic for women with learning disabilities, yet there has been little quantitative research on their experiences, or comparisons with other groups of women. This paper considers the nature and extent of menstrual problems experienced by women with learning disabilities. Methods: The data reported here…

  15. Cognitive Therapy Abilities in People with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sams, Kathryn; Collins, Suzanne; Reynolds, Shirley

    2006-01-01

    Background: There is a need to develop and adapt therapies for use with people with learning disabilities who have mental health problems. Aims: To examine the performance of people with learning disabilities on two cognitive therapy tasks (emotion recognition and discrimination among thoughts, feelings and behaviours). We hypothesized that…

  16. School Shock: A Psychodynamic View of Learning Disability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zitani, E. Alfredo

    Learning disability is seen to be a dissociative disorder (school shock) similar to shell shock in wartime. The shell shock model is explained to focus diagnosis and treatment of learning disabilities around the dynamics of the predisposing unconscious conflict, the dynamics in the environment, the mechanism which allows these two conditions to…

  17. Measuring Progress in Public & Parental Understanding of Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roper Starch Worldwide Inc.

    This report discusses outcomes of a study that conducted telephone interviews with 1,000 adults to investigate their awareness and attitudes toward learning disabilities and attitudinal changes since 1995, to explore parents' recognition of various behaviors or symptoms as indicators of possible learning disabilities, and to determine what level…

  18. Tanis Bryan: A Pioneer in the Field of Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curtis, Mary G.

    2016-01-01

    Dr. Tanis Bryan graduated from Northwestern University during the beginning of the field of learning disabilities. From this beginning, Tanis has provided invaluable insight into the field through her desire to understand the social dimensions of learning disabilities. The author wishes to thank Tanis for her assistance with this interview.

  19. Discrepancy Models in the Identification of Learning Disability. Executive Summary.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kavale, Kenneth A.

    This paper reviews issues surrounding the use of discrepancy in identifying learning disabilities. Since 1976, it argues, discrepancy has been the primary criterion for defining learning disabilities in practice. In a psychometric and statistical sense, however, issues about the best means for calculating a discrepancy remain problematic. Another…

  20. Accommodating College Students with Learning Disabilities: ADD, ADHD, and Dyslexia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vickers, Melana Zyla

    2010-01-01

    Universities are providing extra time on tests, quiet exam rooms, in-class note-takers, and other assistance to college students with modest learning disabilities. But these policies are shrouded in secrecy. This paper, "Accommodating College Students with Learning Disabilities: ADD, ADHD, and Dyslexia," by Melana Zyla Vickers, examines the nature…

  1. Social comparisons of learning disabled and nonexceptional adolescents.

    PubMed

    Johnsen, E P; Tracy, D B

    1994-08-01

    36 learning disabled high school subjects rated themselves lower on academic, psychomotor, and verbal performance on a social comparisons task than a control group of 53 nonexceptional peers. Learning disabled students tended to see themselves as less able in most areas involving school achievement but not in areas involving extracurricular activities. PMID:7809321

  2. Estate Planning for Parents of a Learning Disabled Child.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whitman, Robert

    Considerations in estate planning for learning disabled children are presented from the perspective of an individual who is both a lawyer and the parent of a learning disabled child. It is suggested that an important goal for parents is to train the child to be able to deal with his/her financial situation. Early training in the habit of saving…

  3. A Search for Meaning: Telling Your Life with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horn, Jaime Helena; Moss, Duncan

    2015-01-01

    Research has identified the collective experiences of oppression, stigma and isolation in the lives of people with learning disabilities. Against the backdrop of social and cultural processes that shape and limit the life experiences of people with learning disabilities, the authors are interested in how the individual develops a sense of self and

  4. Visual Supports for the Learning Disabled: A Handbook for Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sells, Leighan

    2013-01-01

    A large percent of the population is affected by learning disabilities, which significantly impacts individuals and families. Much research has been done to identify effective ways to best help the students with learning disabilities. One of the more promising strategies is the use of visual supports to enhance these students' understanding…

  5. Skills for Support: Personal Assistants and People with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Val; Ponting, Lisa; Ford, Kerrie; Rudge, Philippa

    2010-01-01

    For people with learning disabilities to have control over their lives, the quality of their support staff matters. This paper reports on an inclusive research study, which used video analysis to study the communication skills of personal assistants (PAs) who worked with people with learning disabilities. The findings reveal some of the fine…

  6. Career Maturity in College Students with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohler, Denise L.; And Others

    1996-01-01

    Compared levels of career maturity between college students (n=76) with and without learning disabilities and investigated factors associated with career maturity. Few differences in career maturity were found. However, different predictors of career maturity for the two groups emerged. Students with learning disabilities who received more…

  7. Effective Spelling Instruction for Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sayeski, Kristin L.

    2011-01-01

    Difficulty with spelling is a perennial challenge for students with learning disabilities. Several decades of research, however, have identified both fundamental linguistic concepts and instructional approaches that, when understood by a teacher, can be applied to teach students with learning disabilities to spell. In this article, a brief history…

  8. Unanticipated Effects of Children with Learning Disabilities on Their Families

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dyson, Lily

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the unanticipated effects that children with learning disabilities have on the life of their families. Eleven parents of students aged 8 to 16 years old participated in two separate focus group interviews. Findings showed that children with learning disabilities had a range of effects on their families. These included family

  9. Higher Education for the Learning Disabled--They Deserve It.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guyer, Barbara P.

    The paper describes the background and development of HELP (Higher Education for Learning-disabled People). The HELP program located at Marshall University (West Virginia) provides testing to determine the presence of a learning disability; individual tutoring in reading, spelling, and written expression; oral tests; note-taking instruction; study…

  10. Model Centers Program for Learning Disabled Children: Historical Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Senf, Gerald M.

    This document describes the present federal effort on behalf of learning disabled children, beginning with its recent history. It traces the field of learning disabilities as a subspecialty within education from 1963, when a steering committee was appointed to organize a symposium on "The Child with Minimal Brain Dysfunction," through the Learning…

  11. A Search for Meaning: Telling Your Life with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horn, Jaime Helena; Moss, Duncan

    2015-01-01

    Research has identified the collective experiences of oppression, stigma and isolation in the lives of people with learning disabilities. Against the backdrop of social and cultural processes that shape and limit the life experiences of people with learning disabilities, the authors are interested in how the individual develops a sense of self and…

  12. The Effect of a Reading Accommodation on Standardized Test Scores of Learning Disabled and Non Learning Disabled Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meloy, Linda L.; Deville, Craig; Frisbie, David

    The effect of the Read Aloud accommodation on the performances of learning disabled in reading (LD-R) and non-learning disabled (non LD) middle school students was studied using selected texts from the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills (ITBS) achievement battery. Science, Usage and Expression, Math Problem Solving and Data Interpretation, and Reading…

  13. Teachers' Perceptions of the Concomitance of Emotional Behavioural Difficulties and Learning Disabilities in Children Referred for Learning Disabilities in Oman

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Emam, Mahmoud Mohamed; Kazem, Ali Mahdi

    2015-01-01

    Research has documented overlapping and coexisting characteristics of learning disabilities (LD) and emotional and behavioural difficulties (EBD). Such concomitance may impact teacher referrals of children at risk for LD which in turn may influence service delivery. Using the Learning Disabilities Diagnostic Inventory (LDDI) and the Strengths and…

  14. The Role of Learning Disability Nurses in Promoting Cervical Screening Uptake in Women with Intellectual Disabilities: A Qualitative Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lloyd, Jennifer L.; Coulson, Neil S.

    2014-01-01

    Research suggests that the uptake of cervical screening by women with intellectual disabilities (commonly known as learning disabilities within UK policy frameworks, practice areas and health services) is poor compared to women without intellectual disabilities. The present study explored learning disability nurses' experiences of supporting women…

  15. ICT Learning Technologies for Disabled People: Recommendations for Good Practice.

    PubMed

    Hersh, Marion

    2015-01-01

    The use of ICT in education is becoming increasingly important and has potential advantages to disabled learners if the technologies are appropriately designed, including for accessibility and usability, and used. This paper presents the first sets of recommendations for learning technologies for disabled people aimed at disabled learners, teachers, developers and educational institutions respectively. They were developed as part of the work of the Enable Network for ICT Learning for Disabled People and involved input from both experts and end-users. The concise format facilitates production in a variety of formats and languages for accessibility and wide distribution. The paper discusses the recommendations and their relationship to existing guidelines. PMID:26294448

  16. The DSM and learning difficulties: formulating a genealogy of the learning-disabled subject.

    PubMed

    Katchergin, Ofer

    2016-06-01

    The article examines the manner in which the learning-disabled subject is created as an object within contemporary psychiatric discourse by means of a genealogical analysis of the learning-disorders in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). It investigates how this pathology was formed historically in the text, what metamorphoses it underwent, and their epistemic significance. First, the theoretical underpinnings of the sociological discourse on DSM are presented, giving a brief background of the DSM status in the Israeli context. Many problematic characteristics in the text are unveiled, by means of critiques from sociology, anthropology and discourse studies. Second, the changing definitions and conceptualizations of learning-disorders in the seven editions of the Manual and the accompanying case studies (1952-2013) are examined. It becomes apparent that the disorders have undergone changes that have enabled the biomedical paradigm to triumph. The implications of these transformations are addressed. PMID:26956872

  17. Facing Learning Disabilities in the Adult Years. Understanding Dyslexia, ADHD, Assessment, Intervention, and Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shapiro, Joan; Rich, Rebecca

    This text provides information on learning disabilities in adults and offers practical ways to compensate. Chapters address: (1) definitions of learning disability; (2) etiology of learning disabilities; (3) our cognitive or thinking systems; (4) different assessment settings and some of the tests used to diagnose a learning disability; (5)…

  18. The Gifted/Learning Disabled Child: A Guide for Teachers and Parents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fetzer, Erin A.

    2000-01-01

    A review of learning disabilities in gifted children provides definitions of "learning disabilities" and "giftedness", a classification of gifted students with learning disabilities, the importance of a multidimensional approach to identifying students with gifts/learning disabilities, characteristics, programming guidelines, teaching strategies,…

  19. 34 CFR 300.309 - Determining the existence of a specific learning disability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Specific Learning Disabilities § 300.309 Determining the existence of a specific learning disability. (a) The group described in § 300.306 may determine that a child has a specific learning disability, as... the identification of a specific learning disability, using appropriate assessments, consistent...

  20. Adults with Learning Disabilities and the Underutilization of the Americans with Disabilities Act

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Price, Lynda A.; Gerber, Paul J.; Mulligan, Robert

    2007-01-01

    This article explored the use of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) by individuals with learning disabilities (LD) in the workplace. A review of the extant literature revealed that people with LD were not likely to use the ADA as employees. Moreover, an analysis of selected, commonly used materials regarding transition indicated a lack of…

  1. High-Stakes Tests for Students with Specific Learning Disabilities: Disability-Based Differential Item Functioning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anjorin, Idayatou

    2009-01-01

    Students with learning disabilities are increasingly included in state accountability systems. The purpose of this study was to investigate disability-based differential item functioning (DIF) on a statewide high-stakes mathematics test administered in the Spring of 2003 to all students seeking a high-school diploma in one state in the eastern…

  2. Reasons University Students with a Learning Disability Wait to Seek Disability Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lightner, Kirsten L.; Kipps-Vaughan, Deborah; Schulte, Timothy; Trice, Ashton D.

    2012-01-01

    We interviewed 42 students with a learning disability attending a large competitive state university about their reasons for seeking disability services (DS) when they did and their transition services in high school. Students who sought services earlier performed better academically than students who postponed seeking services. All but eight…

  3. Drawing on three discursive modes in learning disability nurse education.

    PubMed

    Shaw, Susan A

    2009-02-01

    This article presents ideas generated by a qualitative study exploring the complexities of the social construction of learning disability/intellectual disability. The ideas are based upon a larger doctoral study which investigated the social construction of learning disability as seen through the discourses and discursive devices used by nurse teachers in classroom teaching in particular during story telling activities to students. The investigations centred upon the stories and were supported by subsequent interviews with the teachers and observations of teaching sessions. The findings highlight three discursive devices which I call discursivemodes used in the social construction of learning disability/intellectual disability by nurse educators and help to explain the personal and professional tensions experienced by nurses faced with the dominant discourses of today. PMID:18829142

  4. Nonverbal learning disabilities and remedial interventions.

    PubMed

    Foss, J M

    1991-01-01

    Adolescents with nonverbal learning disabilities who enroll in private, special secondary schools consistently present a pattern of behaviors which prevents achievement of their potentials in academic areas and impedes their abilities to interact effectively with others. With weaknesses in the fine graphomotor skills for writing and poor organization at all levels, they produce limited written output and often fail to complete academic assignments. Their response to pressure to produce is to become less productive. These students perceive social situations inaccurately; they are not successful in their interactions, especially with peers. They have learned to resolve difficult situations by employing their relatively strong verbal skills to enlist parents and other adults in intervening for them. They have not developed the skills to intervene for themselves.Effective remedial interventions include training the students in skills for planning and organizing, for studying, for written expression, and in social cognition and interpersonal communication. Students gain positive feelings of personal effectiveness through a process-at first verbally mediated, ultimately verbally self-directed-in which they are encouraged to plan, risk, and act on their own behalfs to resolve matters of personal concern. PMID:24233761

  5. Diagnosing a Learning Disability in a Hearing-Impaired Child.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Plapinger, Donald; Sikora, Darryn

    1990-01-01

    This paper presents a case study that used an interdisciplinary diagnostic approach to determine whether a hearing-impaired nine-year-old child had a learning disability and to determine the type of disability. The assessment included medical examination, gross and fine motor skills, psychological functioning, mental processing and achievement,…

  6. Counselor Beliefs and Perceived Knowledge Regarding Clients with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bell, Tamekia R.

    2012-01-01

    Clients with learning disabilities constitute a cultural group that has not been extensively studied. The professional literature has found that counselors have reported the need for additional training in working with clients with disabilities. This study explored counselors' beliefs and perceived knowledge regarding counseling clients with

  7. Learning Disability Prevalence and Adult Education Program Characteristics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patterson, Margaret Becker

    2008-01-01

    This study identifies adult education program characteristics associated with learning disability (LD) prevalence through statistical analyses of data from a single U.S. state (Kansas). Data indicate that several variables at the adult education (AE) program level are linked to LD prevalence, including disability incidence, educational background…

  8. Collaborative Partnerships that Promote Seamless Learning for Students with Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stolz, Katherine A.

    2010-01-01

    This instrumental case study employed a qualitative approach to explore ways that partnerships were built on a large, decentralized campus to support the seamless learning for students with disabilities. The number of college students with disabilities is increasing today, yet higher education lacks coordinated systems that provide a coherent…

  9. Summer Learning Loss among Elementary School Children with Reading Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Menard, Jessica; Wilson, Alexander M.

    2014-01-01

    This study investigated whether students with reading disabilities (RD) showed greater regression in reading skills than did non-RD students over the summer vacation. The RD group consisted of 30 students in grades 4 to 6 from a private school for students with learning disabilities and a comparison group of 30 average readers in grades 4 to 6…

  10. Immersing Students in the Culture of Disability through Service Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Santos, Rosa Milagros; Ruppar, Andrea L.; Jeans, Laurie M.

    2012-01-01

    This article provides a description of service learning implemented in an introductory special education course focused on the culture of disability. Collaborating with liaisons from five community service organizations, students provided services to individuals with disabilities in a variety of projects across two semesters. Communication and…

  11. Counselor Beliefs and Perceived Knowledge Regarding Clients with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bell, Tamekia R.

    2012-01-01

    Clients with learning disabilities constitute a cultural group that has not been extensively studied. The professional literature has found that counselors have reported the need for additional training in working with clients with disabilities. This study explored counselors' beliefs and perceived knowledge regarding counseling clients with…

  12. Teacher with a Learning Disability: Legal Issues and District Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clayton, Jennifer K.

    2009-01-01

    This case study focuses on a teacher who discloses a learning disability to her Principal. Given the teacher's challenges in retention of her content material, the district is faced with how to handle the personnel situation of an employee with a disability. This case raises questions of how to balance the needs and interests of students with the…

  13. Effect of a Home Learning Program on Learning Disabled Children's Balance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horvat, Michael A.

    1982-01-01

    Improving the balance of learning disabled children was investigated through the use of a 12-week structured gross motor home learning program. Analyses concluded that parents can significantly enhance the static and dynamic balance of their learning disabled children by implementing a structured gross-motor training program at home. (Author/PN)

  14. Learning to Achieve: A Review of the Research Literature on Serving Adults with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taymans, Juliana M.; Swanson, H. Lee; Schwarz, Robin L.; Gregg, Noel; Hock, Michael; Gerber, Paul J.

    2009-01-01

    Findings from "Learning to Achieve: A Review of the Research Literature on Serving Adults With Learning Disabilities" will inform a new professional development program to be offered to practitioners and others working with adults with learning disabilities (LD). The six topics covered in the review--assessment, English language learners,…

  15. Behavioral Inhibition in Children with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Weerdt, Frauke; Desoete, Annemie; Roeyers, Herbert

    2013-01-01

    Children with reading disabilities (RD, n = 17), mathematical disabilities (MD, n = 22), combined reading and mathematical disabilities (RD + MD, n = 28) and control peers (n = 45) were tested on behavioral inhibition with a Go/no-go task in a picture, letter and digit-modality. In contrast to children without RD, children with RD made…

  16. Caring for adults with a learning disability in the community.

    PubMed

    Powrie, E

    A recurring theme within the literature is gaps in the delivery of services for people with a learning disability living in the community. These gaps occur between health professionals, primary and secondary care and specialisms within nursing. Gaps also exist between social service policy and implementation, health and social care. Recent national and local reports have sought to address these issues by promoting ways for health and social services to work in partnership. The theme of health promotion is highlighted in all these documents, but implementation of health promotion has been firmly placed within the boundaries of primary care. This poses a dilemma for primary care: does the primary care team or a more specialist community learning disability team provide better care for people with a learning disability? This article summarizes strategies and policies within the literature and difficulties that need to be considered when offering a service to people with a learning disability. PMID:11927898

  17. Differential Ability Scales: Profiles of Learning-Disabled Subtypes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McIntosh, David E.; Gridley, Betty E.

    1993-01-01

    Administered Differential Ability Scales (DAS) to 83 children and adolescents with learning disabilities. Identified six subgroups: generalized, high functioning, normal, underachievement, borderline, and dyseidetic. Not all subgroups displayed expected discrepancy between intelligence and achievement associated with current definitions of

  18. Ready To Write: Preparing Learning Disabled Students for Technical Writing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    VanValkenberg, MariaAlene

    2000-01-01

    Describes a six-credit course to prepare learning disabled students for technical writing. During the course, students develop an increased level of metacognition, computer literacy, and an understanding of choice theory. (JOW)

  19. Electronic Aids for Learning-Disabled College Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sicoli, Thomas R.

    1986-01-01

    Software packages geared to learning disabled college students in such subjects as reading, writing, spelling, and mathematics are briefly described, and a partial list of specialty publishers is included. (Author/CB)

  20. Joint statement--Learning disabilities, dyslexia, and vision.

    PubMed

    2009-08-01

    Learning disabilities, including reading disabilities, are commonly diagnosed in children. Their etiologies are multifactorial, reflecting genetic influences and dysfunction of brain systems. Learning disabilities are complex problems that require complex solutions. Early recognition and referral to qualified educational professionals for evidence-based evaluations and treatments seem necessary to achieve the best possible outcome. Most experts believe that dyslexia is a language-based disorder. Vision problems can interfere with the process of learning; however, vision problems are not the cause of primary dyslexia or learning disabilities. Scientific evidence does not support the efficacy of eye exercises, behavioral vision therapy, or special tinted filters or lenses for improving the long-term educational performance in these complex pediatric neurocognitive conditions. Diagnostic and treatment approaches that lack scientific evidence of efficacy, including eye exercises, behavioral vision therapy, or special tinted filters or lenses, are not endorsed and should not be recommended. PMID:19651597

  1. A Comparison of the Proportional Reasoning Abilities of Learning Disabled and Non-Learning Disabled Children and Adolescents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sinicrope, Rose; Mick, Lori Bell

    1983-01-01

    The study examined whether learning disabled students differed in development of proportional reasoning and whether their disability was in the use of symbols and language rather than ability to solve proportional problems. Developmental scalograms supported the hypothesis that LD Ss' proportional reasoning abilities are developmental, not unlike…

  2. Providing appropriate health care to people with learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Jackson, Sue; Read, Sue

    People with learning disabilities often challenge health services and their carers. Recent reports identify the tragic consequences of services failing to identify and meet this population's health needs. This article integrates a case study of the planned hospital admission of a woman with learning disabilities. A nine-step strategy is adopted to proactively support the patient and associated disability, and general nurse carers to enable both a positive experience and a healthy outcome for all those involved. It is an example of how collaborative working, good reciprocal communication and creative thinking are imperative to effective support. PMID:18481397

  3. Mental retardation and learning disabilities: conceptual and applied issues.

    PubMed

    Polloway, E A; Patton, J R; Smith, T E; Buck, G H

    1997-01-01

    The relationship between mental retardation and learning disabilities is clouded by conceptual issues and current practices in applied (i.e., educational and noneducational) settings. In this article, we initially discuss whether mental retardation can be considered a concomitant disability associated with learning disabilities or whether these two disabilities are mutually exclusive categories. Conceptual issues related to this question are then reviewed to provide a perspective for viewing these two traditional areas of exceptionality. Emerging areas of concern in term of definition, classification, etiology, and lifelong issues are addressed. Attention is then given to applied issues that have a direct effect on the lives of individuals with disabilities. Specific topics include educational curricula, instruction, inclusion, and adult services and supports. PMID:9146096

  4. Learning Disabilities and Poverty: Moving towards a New Understanding of Learning Disabilities as a Public Health and Economic-Risk Issue.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Glenn; Gerber, Paul J.

    1998-01-01

    Focuses on environmental issues that affect learning disabilities and provides a rationale for learning disabilities as a public health and economic-risk issue. The link between learning disabilities and poverty and the impact of low birth weight and lead poisoning are discussed. Action steps are provided. (CR)

  5. Callosal size in children with learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Njiokiktjien, C; de Sonneville, L; Vaal, J

    1994-10-20

    The corpus callosum (CC), the main structure subserving hemispheric collaboration, that is necessary for efficient cognitive functioning, undergoes developmental processes such as axonal retraction and myelination. Callosal growth therefore is vulnerable for adverse events such as perinatal asphyxia, but there are also genetic and epigenetic factors that determine form and thickness. MRI scans of 110 children, either with specific learning disabilities (LD), i.e. dysphasia/dyslexia, or with several degrees of general LD, showed callosa that were highly variable in size. The callosal size corrected for brain size did not vary significantly according to the severity of the LD, although it tended to be smaller in severe LD, i.e. mental retardation. Callosal size varied however, due to the likely presence of genetic influences or of adverse perinatal events. Children with familial dysphasia/dyslexia, had a thicker CC, possibly reflecting a poorly understood neurodevelopmental mechanism that inhibits the establishment of cerebral dominance. LD children (all subgroups together) with perinatal adverse events had a smaller CC than the familial cases, suggesting CC damage. Despite a multitude of developmental factors influencing the final size, this study suggests that total callosal size, supposedly linked to interhemispheric function, may contribute to the pathophysiological mechanisms that give rise to LD. PMID:7530964

  6. The Solomon Effect in Learning Disabilities Diagnosis: Can We Learn from History?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dombrowski, Stefan C.; Kamphaus, Randy W.; Barry, Melissa; Brueggeman, Amber; Cavanagh, Sarah; Devine, Katie; Hekimoglu, Linda; Vess, Sarah

    2006-01-01

    The Individuals with Disabilities Act (Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act; IDEIA, 2004) has been reauthorized, and new parameters for defining learning disabilities (LD) have been established that provide more flexibility for corresponding state and local regulations. The field now has a unique opportunity to shape the…

  7. Employment self-disclosure rates and rationales of university graduates with learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Madaus, Joseph W

    2008-01-01

    Five hundred graduates with learning disabilities (LD) from three universities in the United States completed a survey related to their postschool employment outcomes and experiences. The present study presents data related to their decisions regarding LD disclosure in employment settings. Although 73% of the respondents reported that the LD affected their job in some way, only 55% reported self-disclosing, and only 12% reported requesting accommodations. Specific reasons for each of these decisions are presented, as are areas in which LD affect work, strategies for dealing with LD in the workplace, and perceptions of the Americans with Disabilities Act. Implications for secondary and postsecondary programs are discussed. PMID:18560020

  8. Learning disabilities and the college student: identification and diagnosis.

    PubMed

    Cohen, J

    1983-01-01

    The identification and diagnosis of a learning disability in the college student are complex tasks. They constitute important tasks when we realize that 720,000 college students (6 percent, if we assume that there are 12 million in college today) may be learning disabled ( Astin 1983). It is evident that children with learning disabilities are at risk for psychological and social problems in adolescence and young adulthood ( Bellak 1979; Crabtree 1981; Cruikshank et al. 1980; Horowitz 1981). There is a risk that the learning disability will not be identified, and, hence, the problem will be treated as only a psychogenic one. Unfortunately, this will tend to contribute not only to the student's feelings of guilt, stupidity, and inability to change but also to the clinician's sense of frustration. The description of the learning disabled college student and the two-step identification process in this chapter provides guidelines to aid understanding of these issues. Most colleges have not yet come to grips with what it means to have learning disabled students in terms of teaching, academic evaluation, diagnosis, and college counseling. To do so is important not only because of recent laws that guarantee equal educational opportunity for these students but also because a learning disability, whether overt or covert, can profoundly affect a person's educational and psychosocial development. It has often been said that the capacity to love and work is the foundation for the healthy adult. It is easy to see how academic learning is the work of the college student and educational success or failure is linked integrally to self-esteem and self-love. PMID:6677152

  9. Leveling the playing field for nursing students with disabilities: implications of the amendments to the Americans with Disabilities Act.

    PubMed

    Dupler, Alice E; Allen, Carol; Maheady, Donna C; Fleming, Susan E; Allen, Mikel

    2012-03-01

    Faculty have reported a significant increase in the number of nursing students with disabilities; however, misinformation regarding legislated changes in the definition of a disability, as enacted in 2008 under the American with Disabilities Act Amendments Act, has contributed to faculty confusion when working with students with disabilities. This article identifies the circumstances under which nursing faculty are legally required to provide reasonable accommodations for students with disabilities, as defined under the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 as amended in 2008, and the strategies faculty may use to assist students to successfully complete core requirements. When this knowledge is integrated into a nursing program's culture and curriculum, students with sensory loss, paralysis, mental illness, learning disabilities, limb differences, chronic illnesses, or other disabilities associated with impaired bodily functions can successfully complete nursing programs and provide excellent care to clients, the profession, and their communities. PMID:22283155

  10. Slim Chance: A Weight Control Program for the Learning Disabled.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rotatori, Anthony J.; And Others

    1982-01-01

    A school-based diet program for learning disabled children stresses modifying eating behavior by learning alternative ways of interacting with the environment. Techniques stress the importance of self regulation, strategies for self monitoring, the establishment of realistic weight goals, use of stimulus control procedures, increased physical…

  11. Educating Children with Learning Disabilities in Foxfire Classrooms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kugelmass, Judy W.

    1995-01-01

    Use of the Foxfire approach to instruction is described as a means of developing learning communities that serve all children. Examples from several elementary classrooms illustrate instructional processes that integrate content with skill development for diverse students, including children with learning disabilities. Core principles of the…

  12. Verbal Memory and Semantic Organization of Children with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Polychroni, Fotini; Economou, Alexandra; Printezi, Anna; Koutlidi, Ifigeneia

    2011-01-01

    The present study examined the verbal learning performance and the semantic organization used by Greek reading-disabled readers as compared to a control group using a list-learning task. The sample consisted of 45 elementary school children with reading difficulties and 45 comparison children matched for age and gender. Tests of reading ability,…

  13. Psychosocial and Adaptive Deficits Associated with Learning Disability Subtypes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Backenson, Erica M.; Holland, Sara C.; Kubas, Hanna A.; Fitzer, Kim R.; Wilcox, Gabrielle; Carmichael, Jessica A.; Fraccaro, Rebecca L.; Smith, Amanda D.; Macoun, Sarah J.; Harrison, Gina L.; Hale, James B.

    2015-01-01

    Children with specific learning disabilities (SLD) have deficits in the basic psychological processes that interfere with learning and academic achievement, and for some SLD subtypes, these deficits can also lead to emotional and/or behavior problems. This study examined psychosocial functioning in 123 students, aged 6 to 11, who underwent

  14. Verbal Learning and Memory Functions in Adolescents with Reading Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oyler, James D.; Obrzut, John E.; Asbjornsen, Arve E.

    2012-01-01

    The authors of this current study compared the memory performance of adolescent students with specific reading disabilities (RD) with that of typical adolescent readers on a newly developed verbal learning test, the "Bergen-Tucson Verbal Learning Test" (BTVLT). This multiple trial test was designed to measure memory acquisition, retention,…

  15. Social Skills of Slovenian Primary School Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmidt, Majda; Prah, Alenka; Cagran, Branka

    2014-01-01

    Social skills of students with special needs play a very important role in their successful integration into inclusive learning environments. The aim of present empirical research was to establish whether students with learning disabilities (LD) attending grades 7-9 of regular primary school in Slovenia experience difficulties in social skills…

  16. Assessing Study Skills of Students with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benz, Carolyn R.; And Others

    1996-01-01

    Reports results of a study supporting the application of the Learning and Study Strategies Inventory (LASSI--a diagnostic and prescriptive instrument designed for use with college-aged students) for use with secondary students with learning disabilities. Argues that the LASSI can provide valuable diagnostic and prescriptive information to…

  17. Making Online Learning Accessible for Students with Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hashey, Andrew I.; Stahl, Skip

    2014-01-01

    The growing presence of K-12 online education programs is a trend that promises to increase flexibility, improve efficiency, and foster engagement in learning. Students with disabilities can benefit from dynamic online educational environments, but only to the extent that they can access and participate in the learning process. As students with

  18. Working Together: Computers and People with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washington Univ., Seattle.

    This brief paper considers ways in which people with learning disabilities can benefit from both mainstream and specialized computer hardware and software. First, definitions are provided of terminology, including terms such as dysgraphia, dyscalculia, dyspraxia, non-verbal learning disorder, and dyslexia. Discussion of the role of assistive…

  19. Psychosocial and Adaptive Deficits Associated with Learning Disability Subtypes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Backenson, Erica M.; Holland, Sara C.; Kubas, Hanna A.; Fitzer, Kim R.; Wilcox, Gabrielle; Carmichael, Jessica A.; Fraccaro, Rebecca L.; Smith, Amanda D.; Macoun, Sarah J.; Harrison, Gina L.; Hale, James B.

    2015-01-01

    Children with specific learning disabilities (SLD) have deficits in the basic psychological processes that interfere with learning and academic achievement, and for some SLD subtypes, these deficits can also lead to emotional and/or behavior problems. This study examined psychosocial functioning in 123 students, aged 6 to 11, who underwent…

  20. Teaching Kids with Learning Disabilities to Take Public Transit

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schoenfeld, Jane

    2009-01-01

    Taking public transit can make anyone nervous, especially in a large or medium-sized city where there are many different bus lines going many different places. The author's daughter, Anna, has multiple learning disabilities and may never learn to drive, but she wants to be as independent as possible so the author taught her to ride the bus. This…

  1. Designing Online Learning Opportunities for Students with Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Sean J.; Basham, James D.

    2014-01-01

    With the growth in blended and fully online K-12 instruction, all students, including those with disabilities, are finding online learning a viable option to address learner variability. Personalized learning or the individualized education program appears to align well with the many features of blended and fully online instruction. The purpose of…

  2. Complicating, Not Explicating: Taking up Philosophy in Learning Disability Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allan, Julie

    2011-01-01

    This article provides an introduction to theoretical ideas and practices from the so-called "philosophers of difference"--Foucault, Derrida, and Deleuze and Guattari--as an invitation to think differently about the construction of learning disability and to envision new forms of learning. Two key concepts, Foucault's transgression and Deleuze and…

  3. Students with Learning Disabilities and Challenging Behaviors in Jordan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abu-Hamour, Bashir

    2014-01-01

    This paper reports the findings of a study which aimed to explore the learning and behavioral characteristics of students with Learning Disabilities (LDs) in Jordan. Specifically, variables that related to challenging behaviors, school's type, and gender differences were investigated. Four resource room teachers in public and private schools were…

  4. Making Online Learning Accessible for Students with Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hashey, Andrew I.; Stahl, Skip

    2014-01-01

    The growing presence of K-12 online education programs is a trend that promises to increase flexibility, improve efficiency, and foster engagement in learning. Students with disabilities can benefit from dynamic online educational environments, but only to the extent that they can access and participate in the learning process. As students with…

  5. Toward an Holistic View of Persons with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Poplin, Mary S.

    1984-01-01

    The introduction to the special issue on holism with learning disabled students addresses five current practices not espoused by the holistic model: segmentation of learning, narrow school goals, preoccupation with students' deficits, lack of consideration of student interests/needs in selecting curricula, and obsession with objectivity and fact.…

  6. An Investigation into the Public Health Roles of Community Learning Disability Nurses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mafuba, Kay; Gates, Bob

    2015-01-01

    International studies have shown poor uptake of public health initiatives by people with learning disabilities. In addition, studies have shown that people with learning disabilities experience poor access to public health services. The contribution of community learning disability nurses in meeting the public health needs of people with learning

  7. An exploration of equitable science teaching practices for students with learning disabilities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Morales, Marlene

    In this study, a mixed methods approach was used to gather descriptive exploratory information regarding the teaching of science to middle grades students with learning disabilities within a general education classroom. The purpose of this study was to examine teachers' beliefs and their practices concerning providing equitable opportunities for students with learning disabilities in a general education science classroom. Equitable science teaching practices take into account each student's differences and uses those differences to inform instructional decisions and tailor teaching practices based on the student's individualized learning needs. Students with learning disabilities are similar to their non-disabled peers; however, they need some differentiation in instruction to perform to their highest potential achievement levels (Finson, Ormsbee, & Jensen, 2011). In the quantitative phase, the purpose of the study was to identify patterns in the beliefs of middle grades science teachers about the inclusion of students with learning disabilities in the general education classroom. In the qualitative phase, the purpose of the study was to present examples of instruction in the classrooms of science education reform-oriented middle grades science teachers. The quantitative phase of the study collected data from 274 sixth through eighth grade teachers in the State of Florida during the 2007--2008 school year using The Teaching Science to Students with Learning Disabilities Inventory. Overall, the quantitative findings revealed that middle grades science teachers held positive beliefs about the inclusion of students with learning disabilities in the general education science classroom. The qualitative phase collected data from multiple sources (interviews, classroom observations, and artifacts) to develop two case studies of reform-oriented middle grades science teachers who were expected to provide equitable science teaching practices. Based on their responses to The Teaching Science to Students with Learning Disabilities Inventory, the case study teachers demonstrated characteristics of successful teachers of diverse learners developed by Lynch (2000). Overall, the qualitative findings revealed that the case study teachers were unsure how to provide equitable science teaching practices to all students, particularly to students with learning disabilities. They provided students with a variety of learning experiences that entailed high expectations for all; however, these experiences were similar for all students. Had the teachers fully implemented equitable science teaching practices, students would have had multiple options for taking in the information and making sense of it in each lesson. Teaching that includes using a variety of validated practices that take into account students' individualized learning needs can promote aspects of equitable science teaching practices. Finally, this study provides implications for teacher education programs and professional development programs. As teachers implement science education reform efforts related to equitable science teaching practices, both teacher education programs and professional development programs should include opportunities for teachers to reflect on their beliefs about how students with learning disabilities learn and provide them with a variety of validated teaching practices that will assist them in teaching students with learning disabilities in the general education classroom while implementing science reform efforts.

  8. Dyslexic/learning disabled students at Dartmouth college.

    PubMed

    Pompian, N W; Thum, C P

    1988-01-01

    Dartmouth College, a highly selective Ivy League college with 4100 undergraduates, has a small but significant number of dyslexic/learning-disabled students, two-thirds of whom were identified through diagnostic testing at Dartmouth. Close advising relationships and intensive interviews with Dartmouth learning-disabled students reveal a profile of a particular category of learning-disabled college students. In spite of experiencing difficulty in a specific content area or with an information-processing task, learning-disabled Dartmouth students achieve well academically, socially, and extracurricularly, get high scores on timed SAT and IQ tests, and rely when necessary on accommodations, rather than remedial courses or specialized tutorial assistance.The authors surveyed selective colleges in 1986 and 1988 and found an increase in awareness and academic accommodations at other selective colleges during this two-year period. A 1987 dyslexic/learning-disabilities symposium hosted by Dartmouth is described, as are Dartmouth's services and accommodations. The authors provide a suggested list of services and resources for highly selective colleges. PMID:24235046

  9. Managing specific learning disability in schools in India.

    PubMed

    Karande, Sunil; Sholapurwala, Rukhshana; Kulkarni, Madhuri

    2011-07-01

    Specific learning disability (dyslexia, dysgraphia, and dyscalculia) afflicts 5-15% of school-going children. Over the last decade; awareness about this invisible handicap has grown in India. However, much needs to be done to ensure that each afflicted child gets an opportunity to achieve his or her full academic potential in regular mainstream schools. In order to achieve this ideal scenario, all regular classroom teachers should be sensitized to suspect, and trained to screen for this disability when the child is in primary school. School managements should become proactive to set up resource rooms and employ special educators to ensure that these children receive regular and affordable remedial education; and be diligent in ensuring that these children get the mandatory provisions both during school and board examinations. Once specific learning disability is recognized as a disability by the Government of India, these children with the backing of the Right to Education Act, would be able to benefit significantly. PMID:21813921

  10. Learning disabilities and social competence: a social ecological perspective.

    PubMed

    Coleman, J M; Minnett, A M

    1993-01-01

    To explore the relationship between learning disabilities (LD) and social competence, various indexes of social and academic competence were collected from a sample of students with LD, as well as a matched sample of children without disabilities, in Grades 3-6. Measures included academic grades, teacher perceptions, peer perceptions, self-perceptions, social network outside of school, and direct observation of social interactions. Results suggest that children with LD differ from children without disabilities on virtually all indexes of academic competence, regardless of social status. In the social domain, children with LD had higher self-concept scores than did children without disabilities. Most social differences were linked to the child's peer status, independent of disability. PMID:8432306

  11. A Social Constructionist Approach to Disability: Implications for Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anastasiou, Dimitris; Kauffman, James M.

    2011-01-01

    Proponents of a social model of disability derive their arguments from social constructionism. They combine different disabling conditions under one term: disability. Subsequently, they apply the specific viewpoint of the disability rights social movement of people with physical disabilities to other conditions such as intellectual disabilities,…

  12. Brain Research: Implications for Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Soares, Louise M.; Soares, Anthony T.

    Brain research has illuminated several areas of the learning process: (1) learning as association; (2) learning as reinforcement; (3) learning as perception; (4) learning as imitation; (5) learning as organization; (6) learning as individual style; and (7) learning as brain activity. The classic conditioning model developed by Pavlov advanced…

  13. Specific Learning Disabilities and Responsiveness to Intervention. Resource List. Winter 2007

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Starrett, Barbara E.; de Boer, Sonja R.; Tollefson, Julie M.

    2007-01-01

    The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 1997 (IDEA 1997) and Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 (IDEA 2004) define specific learning disabilities in a similar manner. "The term "specific learning disability" means a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in…

  14. Specific Learning Disabilities: Finding Common Ground. A Report Developed by the Ten Organizations Participating in the Learning Disabilities Roundtable (Washington, DC, February 4-5, 2002).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Institutes for Research, Washington, DC.

    This report summarizes the consensus statements developed by the Learning Disabilities Roundtable (February 2002), a meeting of the 10 member organizations of the National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities to provide input for the reauthorization of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. The Roundtable resulted in defined areas of…

  15. Money, Finance and the Personalisation Agenda for People with Learning Disabilities in the UK: Some Emerging Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abbott, David; Marriott, Anna

    2013-01-01

    In the UK, policy on adult social care places an emphasis on maximising choice and control for service users, including people with learning disabilities. The shift from the provision of organised services for groups of people to offering individual and personal budgets and pots of money for people to buy their own services has major implications

  16. The Orthopedically Disabled Child: Psychological Implications with an Individual Basis. July 1984 Revision.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sigmon, Scott B.

    This study describes the implications of the Individual Psychology of Alfred Adler and field theory associated with Kurt Lewin in understanding orthopedically disabled children and points out that orthopedically disabled youngsters have a remarkable range of individual differences both in type of disability as well as level of adjustment.

  17. Learning Disability and Cultural-Economic Disadvantage: The Case for a Relationship.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kavale, Kenneth A.

    1988-01-01

    The article presents evidence suggesting a relationship between learning disabilities, brain dysfunction, and cultural-economic disadvantage. The inclusion of disadvantaged children within the learning disability framework of services is recommended. (Author/DB)

  18. Sheep or Goats? Learning Disabilities and Educational Services for Children with Special Needs: A Canadian Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kendall, David

    1977-01-01

    Presented at the First National Conference on Learning Disabilities in Ottawa, Canada in October, 1977, the article discusses learning disabilities and their appropriate special educational services in Canada, focusing on the processes of categorization and labeling. (DLS)

  19. The Learning Disabilities Unit at the State College of Optometry/SUNY.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Solan, Harold A.; Springer, Florence E.

    1986-01-01

    The Learning Disabilities Unit of New York's State College of Optometry, providing testing and research for learning disabled adults and children and professional instruction and clinical experience for students of optometry and related fields, is described. (MSE)

  20. Using the Psychoeducational Evaluation in Career Counseling for People with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sauter, Diana; Beach, Cheryl

    2002-01-01

    Discusses the usefulness of psychoeducational evaluation in providing career counseling for students with learning disabilities. Describes processes for psychological testing and diagnosis of learning disabilities and the use of results in career planning. (JOW)

  1. The Relationship between Metacognition and Analogical Reasoning in Mentally Retarded, Learning Disabled, Average, and Gifted Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swanson, H. Lee; And Others

    1993-01-01

    Evaluation of the relationship between metacognition and analogical reasoning in 80 children (mildly retarded, learning disabled, normal achieving, and gifted) suggests that retarded children's performance reflected a central processing deficiency across processes, learning-disabled children's performance reflected specific processing…

  2. Orthographic learning and the role of text-to-speech software in Dutch disabled readers.

    PubMed

    Staels, Eva; Van den Broeck, Wim

    2015-01-01

    In this study, we examined whether orthographic learning can be demonstrated in disabled readers learning to read in a transparent orthography (Dutch). In addition, we tested the effect of the use of text-to-speech software, a new form of direct instruction, on orthographic learning. Both research goals were investigated by replicating Share's self-teaching paradigm. A total of 65 disabled Dutch readers were asked to read eight stories containing embedded homophonic pseudoword targets (e.g., Blot/Blod), with or without the support of text-to-speech software. The amount of orthographic learning was assessed 3 or 7 days later by three measures of orthographic learning. First, the results supported the presence of orthographic learning during independent silent reading by demonstrating that target spellings were correctly identified more often, named more quickly, and spelled more accurately than their homophone foils. Our results support the hypothesis that all readers, even poor readers of transparent orthographies, are capable of developing word-specific knowledge. Second, a negative effect of text-to-speech software on orthographic learning was demonstrated in this study. This negative effect was interpreted as the consequence of passively listening to the auditory presentation of the text. We clarify how these results can be interpreted within current theoretical accounts of orthographic learning and briefly discuss implications for remedial interventions. PMID:23686998

  3. Learning Disabilities and Employment before and in the Americans with Disabilities Act Era: Progress or a Bridge Too Far?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gerber, Paul J.; Batalo, Cecilia G.; Achola, Edwin O.

    2011-01-01

    The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) and its amendments have been in existence for a little more than twenty years. Title One, which pertains to employment, has had a bearing on employment for persons with disabilities, particularly the high incidence category of learning disabilities, who for the most part work in competitive

  4. Learning Disabilities and Employment before and in the Americans with Disabilities Act Era: Progress or a Bridge Too Far?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gerber, Paul J.; Batalo, Cecilia G.; Achola, Edwin O.

    2011-01-01

    The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) and its amendments have been in existence for a little more than twenty years. Title One, which pertains to employment, has had a bearing on employment for persons with disabilities, particularly the high incidence category of learning disabilities, who for the most part work in competitive…

  5. Italy Presses Forward in Educating Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Giangreco, Michael F.; Doyle, Mary Beth

    2015-01-01

    Italy has a long history of including students with disabilities in general education classes. Their efforts offer unique perspectives and practices from which other countries may benefit. The article highlights four notable attributes about the Italian approach and discusses implications for American schools.

  6. Racial Storylines and Implications for Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nasir, N. S.; Snyder, C. R.; Shah, N.; Ross, K. M.

    2012-01-01

    In this article, we theorize the relation between race and schooling and consider the implications for learning. While the body of research on culture and learning has come to define learning as an inherently cultural and social process, scholars have few theoretical tools to help us think about the role of race and racism in relation to students'…

  7. Anxiety and Depression in Children With Nonverbal Learning Disabilities, Reading Disabilities, or Typical Development.

    PubMed

    Mammarella, Irene C; Ghisi, Marta; Bomba, Monica; Bottesi, Gioia; Caviola, Sara; Broggi, Fiorenza; Nacinovich, Renata

    2016-03-01

    The main goal of the present study was to shed further light on the psychological characteristics of children with different learning disability profiles aged between 8 and 11 years, attending from third to sixth grade. Specifically, children with nonverbal learning disabilities (NLD), reading disabilities (RD), or a typical development (TD) were tested. In all, 15 children with NLD, 15 with RD, and 15 with TD were administered self-report questionnaires to assess different types of anxiety and depression symptoms. Both NLD and RD children reported experiencing more generalized and social anxiety than TD, the NLD children reported more severe anxiety about school and separation than TD, and the children with RD had worse depressive symptoms than those with NLD or TD. PMID:24733818

  8. Principals' and Teachers' Perceptions of Learning Disabilities: A Study from Nara Prefecture, Japan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kataoka, Mika; van Kraayenoord, Christina E.; Elkins, John

    2004-01-01

    In this study, perceptions of learning disabilities were obtained from 128 principals and 123 teachers in the Nara Prefecture, Japan. A factor analysis indicated that five factors underlie perceptions of learning disabilities: changes in the family and social situation, insufficient knowledge of and support for learning disabilities, teachers'

  9. Impact of Various Instructional Strategies for Enhancing Mathematical Skills of Learning Disabled Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaur, Taranjit; Kohli, Tehal; Devi, Batani

    2008-01-01

    Aim: The current study tested the comparative efficacy of various strategies on basic mathematical skills of learning disabled children. Methods: Learning disabled children were randomly assigned to multimedia, cognitive, eclectic and control conditions. Assessment included the use of IQ, Diagnostic Test of Learning Disability, and Pre and

  10. An Investigation into the Public Health Roles of Community Learning Disability Nurses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mafuba, Kay; Gates, Bob

    2015-01-01

    International studies have shown poor uptake of public health initiatives by people with learning disabilities. In addition, studies have shown that people with learning disabilities experience poor access to public health services. The contribution of community learning disability nurses in meeting the public health needs of people with learning…

  11. Serving Welfare Recipients with Learning Disabilities in a "Work First" Environment. Issue Brief.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Rebecca; Ganzglass, Evelyn

    This issue brief examines strategies that states can use to help welfare recipients with learning disabilities move toward self-sufficiency within the context of welfare reform. It defines a learning disability, explains approaches to identifying and assessing undiagnosed learning disabilities, and suggests ways to secure accommodations for

  12. The Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children (K-ABC) in the Assessment of Learning Disabled Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rethazi, Maya; Wilson, Anne Keeton

    1988-01-01

    Examined whether Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children (K-ABC) could discriminate between learning disabled and normal preadolescents. Tested 43 learning disabled (LD) students and 20 students without learning disabilities. Results indicated that the Achievement score relative to the Mental Processing Composite score was the only measure to

  13. Working Alongside Older People with a Learning Disability: Informing and Shaping Research Design

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herron, Daniel; Priest, Helena M.; Read, Sue

    2015-01-01

    Background: There has been an increase in inclusive research in the learning disability field; however, this has not been reflected within learning disability and dementia research, where little is known from the perspective of people with learning disabilities. This paper will define inclusive research, explore reasons for the dearth of inclusive

  14. A Study of Perceived Admission and Achievement Barriers of Learning-Disabled Students in Postsecondary Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lamberg, Catherine Denise

    2012-01-01

    Learning-disabled students face ongoing challenges in higher education. Despite efforts to promote recruitment and retention of students with learning disabilities to trade schools, colleges, and universities, barriers to enrollment and academic achievement persist. Barriers for learning-disabled students are not fully understood and might be

  15. The Effects of Learning Disabilities on a Child's Self-Concept.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Avazian, Karyn Lorraine Wood

    The review of the literature focuses on research assessing the effects of learning disabilities on a child's self-concept. After an introduction, definitions of "learning disabilities" and "self-concept" are offered. The literature on effects of learning disabilities on self-concept in elementary, middle, and high school age children is then

  16. Substance Abuse and Learning Disabilities: Peas in a Pod or Apples and Oranges?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Columbia Univ., New York, NY. National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse.

    This paper was developed as a result of a 1999 conference on substance abuse and learning disabilities. An introductory chapter urges early identification of learning disabilities and appropriate treatment for both problems when they co-exist. The second chapter discusses the differences between learning disabilities and behavioral disorders, the…

  17. Awareness among Teachers of Learning Disabilities in Students at Different Board Levels

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mehta, Deepti

    2006-01-01

    Learning disability is a complex phenomenon to understand. There are many connotations of learning disabilities thus even today it creates confusion in the mind of the general public and the professionals. Learning disability is a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or using spoken or written…

  18. Frames of Reference for the Assessment of Learning Disabilities: New Views on Measurement Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lyon, G. Reid, Ed.

    This book offers 27 papers addressing critical issues in the assessment of students with all kinds of learning disabilities. Papers have the following titles and authors: "Critical Issues in the Measurement of Learning Disabilities" (G. Reid Lyon); "A Matrix of Decision Points in the Measurement of Learning Disabilities" (Barbara K. Keogh);…

  19. Perceived Importance of Occupations by Adolescents with and without Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Plata, Maximino; Bone, Jerri

    1989-01-01

    The study of perceived importance of 23 occupations by 65 adolescents with learning disabilities and 85 adolescents without learning disabilities revealed that occupations were ranked similarly by the two groups though students with learning disabilities held occupations classified as skilled, semi-skilled, or unskilled in higher regard than…

  20. An Analysis of Individualized Education Program Goals Selected for Learning-Disabled Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCormick, Paula K.; Fisher, Maurice D.

    The study was designed to analyze the types and frequencies of individualized education program (IEP) goals selected for 102 elementary learning disabled students in resource rooms (LDR) and 94 learning disabled students in self-contained classrooms (LDSC) and to compare the learning disabilities teachers' assessments of progress made on the goals…

  1. Differences in Delinquency among Children with and without Learning Disabilities: A Meta-Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evans, Mary K.

    2012-01-01

    This dissertation presents the results of a meta-analysis of the empirical literature on delinquent behavior among children with learning disabilities in comparison to their non-learning disabled peers. Twenty-four studies met inclusion criteria and results indicated that children with learning disabilities (n = 3,202) have higher mean scores on

  2. The Canadian Franco-American Learning Disabled College Student at the University of Maine at Orono.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Worcester, Lenore Higgins

    Two studies explored characteristics of the Franco-American and nonFranco-American learning disabled college student. The first study involving 200 learning disabled college students had four objectives--explore the appropriateness of a self referral model to identify the college learning disabled student, explore the predominant characteristics…

  3. Systemic Family Therapy Using the Reflecting Team: The Experiences of Adults with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anslow, Katharine

    2014-01-01

    This research aimed to illuminate the experiences of adults with learning disabilities of the reflecting team, in the context of their systemic family therapy. Five adults with learning disabilities were recruited from one community learning disability team. A qualitative design using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) was appropriate…

  4. Working Alongside Older People with a Learning Disability: Informing and Shaping Research Design

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herron, Daniel; Priest, Helena M.; Read, Sue

    2015-01-01

    Background: There has been an increase in inclusive research in the learning disability field; however, this has not been reflected within learning disability and dementia research, where little is known from the perspective of people with learning disabilities. This paper will define inclusive research, explore reasons for the dearth of inclusive…

  5. Differences in Delinquency among Children with and without Learning Disabilities: A Meta-Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evans, Mary K.

    2012-01-01

    This dissertation presents the results of a meta-analysis of the empirical literature on delinquent behavior among children with learning disabilities in comparison to their non-learning disabled peers. Twenty-four studies met inclusion criteria and results indicated that children with learning disabilities (n = 3,202) have higher mean scores on…

  6. A Study of Perceived Admission and Achievement Barriers of Learning-Disabled Students in Postsecondary Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lamberg, Catherine Denise

    2012-01-01

    Learning-disabled students face ongoing challenges in higher education. Despite efforts to promote recruitment and retention of students with learning disabilities to trade schools, colleges, and universities, barriers to enrollment and academic achievement persist. Barriers for learning-disabled students are not fully understood and might be…

  7. Metacognition and High Intellectual Ability: Insights from the Study of Learning-Disabled Gifted Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hannah, C. Lynne; Shore, Bruce M.

    1995-01-01

    This study compared metacognitive performance of gifted, gifted learning-disabled, learning-disabled, and average males in grades 5 and 6 and grades 11 and 12. For metacognitive knowledge, skill on think-aloud error detection reading, and comprehension, the performance of gifted learning-disabled students resembled that of gifted students more…

  8. Answers for Parents of the Child with Learning Disabilities. Showing and Telling It Like It Is!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCurley, Arlene Bell

    The guidebook for parents of learning disabled (LD) children provides answers to questions such as the following: What is a learning disability? How does an LD child behave? What should parents who suspect their child has a learning disability do? Can an LD child succeed in school? How should parents discipline an LD child? How can parents manage…

  9. Learning Disabilities in Taiwan: A Case of Cultural Constraints on the Education of Students with Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tzeng, Shih-Jay

    2007-01-01

    Learning disabilities (LD) has been recognized as a category of special education in Taiwanese law since 1984, and policies ensure educational services for children and youth who have LD. The official definition and identification criteria established in Taiwan's laws closely correspond with those of the United States, but practice differs,

  10. Identification of Learning Disabilities: Research to Practice. The LEA Series on Special Education and Disability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bradley, Renee, Ed.; Danielson, Louis, Ed.; Hallahan, Daniel P., Ed.

    This volume on the identification of learning disabilities (LD) offers chapters that provide comprehensive reviews of the research evidence underlying different aspects of LD and was the product of a 2001 general conference followed up by a small research forum. Contributors include researchers, parents, practitioners, and administrators. A final…

  11. Dyslexia and Learning Disabilities in Canada and the UK: The Impact of Its Disability Employment Laws

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gerber, Paul J.; Batalo, Cecilia G.; Achola, Edwin O.

    2012-01-01

    The impact of employment laws pertaining to individuals with learning disabilities in Canada and dyslexia in the UK were investigated via the extant research literature. Currently, there is very little research in this area despite Canada and the UK having laws in effect for decades. Surprisingly, their laws have been revamped despite an absence…

  12. Disability as Cultural Difference: Implications for Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anastasiou, Dimitris; Kauffman, James M.

    2012-01-01

    This article critiques the treatment of disability as cultural difference by the theorists of the "social model" and "minority group model" of disability. Both models include all of the various disabling conditions under one term--disability--and fail to distinguish disabilities from cultural differences (e.g., race, ethnicity, or gender…

  13. The identification and performance of gifted students with learning disability diagnoses: a quantitative synthesis.

    PubMed

    Lovett, Benjamin J; Sparks, Richard L

    2013-01-01

    Much has been written about gifted students with learning disabilities, but there have been few large-scale empirical investigations, and the concept has proven controversial. The authors reviewed the available empirical literature on these students, focusing on (a) the criteria by which the students were identified and (b) the students' performance on standardized tests of ability and achievement. In addition, the test scores of these students were aggregated to determine typical performance levels. A total of 46 empirical articles were reviewed, and major findings included wide variability in identification criteria across studies, frequent reliance on dubious methods of learning disability identification, and a lack of academic impairment among the identified students. Implications for the "gifted/LD" category are discussed. PMID:22057201

  14. Self-Disclosure Decisions of University Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cole, Emma V.; Cawthon, Stephanie W.

    2015-01-01

    The number of students with learning disabilities (SLD) at postsecondary institutions has tripled over the past three decades and now constitutes about 11% of undergraduate students (Joyce & Rossen, 2006; U.S. Department of Education, 2013). Research has found that SLD who use accommodations at their postsecondary institution are more…

  15. Observing Reading Instruction for Students with Learning Disabilities: A Synthesis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swanson, Elizabeth A.

    2008-01-01

    This article synthesizes previous research studies examining reading instruction for students with learning disabilities (LD) through classroom observation methods. An extensive search of the research literature between 1980 and 2005 yielded 21 observation studies. Findings revealed that reading instruction for students with LD is generally of low…

  16. Assessing Social Perception Abilities in Learning Disabled Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maheady, Larry; Maitland, George E.

    1982-01-01

    Experimental attempts at assessing the social perception skills of learning disabled (LD) children are reviewed, along with methodological concerns relative to these experiments, and possible directions for future social perception research. Ten studies that examined LD children's ability to interpret nonverbal cues indicated they performed more…

  17. Siblings' Understanding of Learning Disability: A Longitudinal Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hames, Annette

    2008-01-01

    Background: There is very little research on how and when siblings understand that they have a brother or sister with a learning disability. Research regarding young children's understanding of intelligence, suggests that they may not develop a clear understanding of ability until about 7 years of age. Method: Through interviewing parents and then

  18. AT Advocates Tackle Attitudes & Education towards Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, John M.

    2006-01-01

    Learning disabilities are present in 10 percent of the population, and the condition is defined as, "A disorder in basic psychological processes involved in understanding or using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell or use mathematical calculations". In this…

  19. A Narrative Approach to Supporting Students Diagnosed with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lambie, Glenn W.; Milsom, Amy

    2010-01-01

    Students diagnosed with learning disabilities experience many challenges that school counselors may address through narrative therapy. Narrative therapy is a postmodern, social constructionist approach based on the theoretical construct that individuals create their notions of truth and meaning of life through interpretive stories. This article…

  20. Learning Disabilities in Adulthood: Persisting Problems and Evolving Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gerber, Paul J., Ed.; Reiff, Henry B., Ed.

    This book provides a multifaceted view of learning disabilities in adulthood through the efforts of many contributors who offer a diversity of perceptions and expertise. The focus spans from young to late adulthood and reflects state-of-the-art knowledge and the best practices of the field. The topic areas are clustered into psychological,…

  1. Graphic Organizers for Secondary Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singleton, Sabrina M.; Filce, Hollie Gabler

    2015-01-01

    Research suggests students with learning disabilities often have trouble connecting new and prior knowledge, distinguishing essential and nonessential information, and applying comprehension strategies (DiCecco & Gleason, 2002; Vaughn & Edmonds, 2006). Graphic organizers have been suggested as tools educators can use to facilitate critical

  2. Preventing Suicide in Learning Disabled Children and Adolescents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayes, Marnell L.; Sloat, Robert S.

    1988-01-01

    Learning-disabled students may have some characteristics that make them particularly vulnerable to suicide. This article describes common misconceptions about suicide, discusses danger signs indicative of suicide risk, outlines steps in crisis intervention, and lists suggested information pamphlets and films. (JDD)

  3. Enhancing Spelling Performance in Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nies, Keith A.; Belfiore, Phillip J.

    2006-01-01

    The present study, using a single subject adapted alternating treatments design, compared the effects of two spelling strategies (cover, copy, compare, and copy-only) used to enhance spelling performance in 2, third-grade students with learning disabilities. The cover, copy compare (CCC) method required the students to say the word, point to the…

  4. Reading and Learning Disabilities. NICHCY Briefing Paper, Update.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kupper, Lisa, Ed.

    This information brief aims to describe common learning disabilities that can cause reading problems and to assist the reader in accessing organizations that can provide appropriate help. The paper begins with a note about the many reasons why a person might have difficulty in developing reading skills. It then presents an article by Larry B.…

  5. The Relationship of Self-Esteem and Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rowley, Joan E.

    Self esteem in the learning disabled (LD) child is considered in terms of family, school, and peer influences. A review of the literature points out that the LD child seems to have a greater need than the normal child for parental support which helps to establish high self esteem. Performance, and not potential, appears to be the more important…

  6. Megavitamin Treatment for Behaviorally Disturbed and Learning Disabled Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adler, Sol

    1979-01-01

    The paper presents findings from research on megavitamin nutritional therapy with behavior-disordered and learning-disabled children. The results suggest it is a valid biochemical alternative to other means of therapy. Some researchers are concerned about the possibility of poisoning the system and the lack of evidence of long-range effects. (PHR)

  7. Hearing Problems in the Learning Disability Population: Is Anybody Listening?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McClimens, Alex; Brennan, Siobhan; Hargreaves, Pauline

    2015-01-01

    We undertook this project because we believed that hearing loss experienced by the target population was greater than the referral figures suggested. Therefore, we set up a trial service initiative designed to examine the efficacy of different referral routes into audiology services for adults with learning disability. This retrospective analysis

  8. Linguistic Stress Judgments of Language Learning Disabled Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Highnam, Cliff; Morris, Valerie

    1987-01-01

    The ability of 10 language learning disabled (LD) children (age 9-12) and 10 sex/age matched normals to judge correctness of linguistic stress and semantic appropriateness was examined. Results indicated more difficulty on the linguistic stress task than the semantic interpretation task for LD children and better performance by normals on both…

  9. Nonverbal Learning Disability Explained: The Link to Shunted Hydrocephalus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rissman, Barbara

    2011-01-01

    A nonverbal learning disability is believed to be caused by damage, disorder or destruction of neuronal white matter in the brain's right hemisphere and may be seen in persons experiencing a wide range of neurological diseases such as hydrocephalus and other types of brain injury (Harnadek & Rourke 1994). This article probes the relationship

  10. Learning Disabilities and Anxiety: A Meta-Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson, Jason M.; Harwood, Hannah

    2011-01-01

    This article presents the results of a meta-analysis of the empirical literature on anxious symptomatology among school-aged students with learning disabilities (LD) in comparison to their non-LD peers. Fifty-eight studies met inclusion criteria. Results indicate that students with LD had higher mean scores on measures of anxiety than did non-LD…

  11. The Learning Disabilities/Lack of Progress Issue.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Connections: A Journal of Adult Literacy, 1995

    1995-01-01

    This issue focuses on learning disabilities of adult literacy students. The 11 papers in the journal were developed from research done by the authors at an intensive summer institute in 1994. After an introduction and a description of the summer institute (Martha Merson), the following papers are included: "Lucie: Is She or Isn't She?" (Meryl

  12. A Normativist Account of Language-Based Learning Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tomblin, J. Bruce

    2006-01-01

    Research on learning disabilities (LD) depends upon a conceptual framework that specifies what it should explain, what kinds of data are needed, and how these data are to be arranged in order to provide a meaningful explanation. An argument is made that LD are no different in this respect than any other form of human illness. In this article, a

  13. Resiliency Instructional Tactics: African American Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Vita L.

    2011-01-01

    Schools and classrooms, if well conceived, can serve as protective environments for the positive development of African American students with learning disabilities (LD) (Keogh & Weisner, 1993). Many African American students who lack resiliency often struggle with life's challenges and may be predisposed to negative outcomes in life, so the focus…

  14. Parent Involvement in Transition Planning for Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bailey, Shelley Henthorne

    2009-01-01

    Post-secondary education is a path that many individuals take after high school. For students with learning disabilities, post-secondary education is an attainable goal regardless of the academic difficulties they may face. In order to make a successful transition to postsecondary education, it is necessary that students, as well as parents are…

  15. Identifying the Learning Disabled Student with a Language Problem.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Candler, Ann C.; Keefe, Charlotte Hendrick

    A review of the research on learning-disabled students suggests that these students often exhibit language deficits that are not readily obvious. These language deficits create problems in understanding social interactions and written and oral directions as well as problems in expressing ideas both orally and in written form. The term language…

  16. Characteristics of Language Disorders in Learning Disabled Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Candler, Ann C.; Hildreth, Bertina L.

    1990-01-01

    Attention is given to the characteristics, identification, and remediation of language disorders frequently associated with learning-disabled students. Characteristics include off-target responding, inaccurate word selection, neologisms, referent errors, topic closure, and sequencing difficulties. Remediation involves self-concept building,…

  17. Genetic Influences on Learning Disabilities and Speech and Language Disorders.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pennington, Bruce F.

    1983-01-01

    Comprehensively reviews known examples of genetically influenced learning disabilities and speech and language disorders, including familial dyslexia, stuttering, and other speech and language disorders, as well as sex-chromosome anomalies, treated PKU, and minor auto-somal anomalies. (Author/RH)

  18. Rodin, Patton, Edison, Wilson, Einstein: Were They Really Learning Disabled?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adelman, Kimberly A.; Adelman, Howard S.

    1987-01-01

    The practice of posthumously diagnosing historical figures is discussed. Emphasis is on the unsatisfactory nature of evidence found for those diagnosed as learning-disabled or dyslexic and the possibility of other explanations for identified problems. Posthumous diagnoses of Auguste Rodin, George Patton, Thomas Edison, Woodrow Wilson, and Albert…

  19. Selecting Software for Students with Learning and Other Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marino, Matthew T.; Tsurusaki, Blakely K.; Basham, James D.

    2011-01-01

    Have you ever bought a computer program that you thought would be great for your struggling students, only to find that it did not work on your school computers, or that your students found it difficult to use? Selecting science software for students with learning and other disabilities can be a challenge. This Idea Bank provides a list of…

  20. A Developmental Analysis of Children's Conceptions of Learning Disability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Serafica, Felicisima C.; Sweazy, Linda B.

    This study was undertaken to determine whether normal children's descriptions, explanations, and ideas about the treatment and prognosis of learning disabilities change with age. Participating were 120 middle-class children of average intelligence, equally representing both sexes, and each age from 7 through 12 years. Subjects, individually

  1. Federal Legislation Defining Learning Disabilities and Biased IQ Scores.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Webster, Raymond E.; Bates, Herman M., III

    Public Law 94-142 mandates the identification and placement of learning disabled children based primarily on the measurement of intelligence. It is, therefore, the responsibility of educational psychologists to use standardized intelligence tests appropriately to accurately and objectively assess a childs' intellectual potential and ability. Three

  2. Designing Online Instruction for Postsecondary Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simoncelli, Andrew; Hinson, Janice

    2010-01-01

    This research details the methodologies that could be used to better deliver online course content to students with learning disabilities. Research has shown how the design of the course affects the students' attitudes and performance. This article details the methodology and pedagogical side of the delivery including instructional methods that…

  3. College Students with Learning Disabilities: Experiences Using E-Texts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nee, Elizabeth A.

    2012-01-01

    The increasing number of students with learning disabilities (SLDs) attending higher education institutions is well documented (Brinkerhoff, McGuire, & Shaw, 2002; Goodnough, 2011; Hasselbring & Glaser, 2000; Raskind, & Higgins, 1999). E-texts are considered a reasonable accommodation and may help improve reading and comprehension

  4. Fourteen Spelling Strategies for Students with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fulk, Barbara Mushinski; Stormont-Spurgin, Melissa

    1995-01-01

    Strategies to optimize spelling instruction for students with learning disabilities are presented. Teacher-directed techniques involve a test-teach-test sequence, reduced word lists, reinforcement, imitation plus modeling, analogy strategy, and constant time delay. Eight study techniques to help students improve their spelling skills are also…

  5. The "Learning Disabilities to Juvenile Detention" Pipeline: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mallett, Christopher A.

    2014-01-01

    Adolescents becoming formally involved with a juvenile court because of school-related behavior and discipline problems is a phenomenon known as the school-to-prison pipeline. Adolescents with learning disabilities are disproportionately represented within this pipeline. A study was conducted to review the outcomes for a population of youthful…

  6. Modes of Imprinted Gene Action in Learning Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Isles, A. R.; Humby, T.

    2006-01-01

    Background: It is now widely acknowledged that there may be a genetic contribution to learning disability and neuropsychiatric disorders, stemming from evidence provided by family, twin and adoption studies, and from explicit syndromic conditions. Recently it has been recognized that in some cases the presentation of genetic syndromes (or discrete

  7. The Detection and Remediation of Learning Disabilities. Progress Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bechtel, Leland P.

    A 1 year preschool program and a summer elementary program in a model cities area southt to detect and remediate children's learning disabilities, and to evaluate remedial techniques. Thirty-three perceptually handicapped preschool children took a battery of eight tests, and daily received remediation through fine and gross motor training, and in…

  8. Growth in Emotional Intelligence. Psychotherapy with a Learning Disabled Girl

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chantrell, Sue

    2009-01-01

    This paper describes the once-weekly psychoanalytic psychotherapy of a girl, called Ellie, aged eight at the start of her treatment. Ellie had a learning disability and displayed difficult behaviour at school and at home. In her therapy, Ellie grew in emotional intelligence, more in touch with and able to express her feelings. Her behaviour

  9. Will the Real Discrepant Learning Disability Please Stand Up?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van den Broeck, Wim

    2002-01-01

    This article responds to a critique by Willson and Reynolds (2002) that argued for the use of the regression-based discrepancy method (RDM) for identifying learning disabilities. It argues the statistical and theoretical counterarguments are based on a misreading of the statistical models presented. (Contains 8 references.) (Author/CR)

  10. Advances in Learning and Behavioral Disabilities. Volume 11.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scruggs, Thomas E., Ed.; Mastropieri, Margo A., Ed.

    This book presents nine papers that focus on the identification, behavior, intervention, and inclusion of children with learning and behavior disabilities in general education classrooms. The papers include "Effectiveness of Social Skills Training for Students with Behavior Disorders: A Meta-Analysis" (Kenneth A. Kavale and others); "Attention…

  11. Child Abuse: Growth Failure, IQ Deficit, and Learning Disability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Money, John

    1982-01-01

    The author reviews research on early deprivation and neglect and recounts his own experience with children whose dwarfism is attributed to abuse or neglect. The existence of specific learning disability and diminished IQ in many of these children is cited. The author suggests further attention to the problem. (CL)

  12. Learning Disabled Students' Conformity Responses to Prosocial and Antisocial Situations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bryan, Tanis; And Others

    1982-01-01

    Self-ratings of 23 learning disabled (LD) and 27 nondisabled junior high school students were assessed to determine their willingness to conform to peer pressure to engage in antisocial and prosocial actions. LD students rated themselves more likely to engage in antisocial actions with friends. (Author/SEW)

  13. Special Delivery Systems. Self-Esteem Exercises. Learning Disabilities Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Molek, Carol

    This publication contains self-esteem exercises and a learning disabilities (LD) curriculum for students with LD in adult basic education programs. The 37 student exercises are designed to build the self-esteem of students with LD. They include self-evaluations, profiles, and checklists. Topics covered are success, decision making, problem…

  14. The Apophasis of Limits: Genius, Madness, and Learning Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baker, Bernadette

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, the author sidles up to the "problema" of identifying children as having a learning disability (LD) in the USA to ascertain what an analysis of limping characters, limping readers and limping rhythms might teach individuals about justice. In much current educational literature children labelled LD circulate as "maimed individuals"

  15. Learning Disabilities Definitions and Criteria Used by State Education Departments.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mercer, Cecil D.; And Others

    1996-01-01

    A survey of 51 state departments of education (including Washington, DC) regarding their definitions of learning disabilities, identification criteria, and operationalization procedures showed the continued effect of the 1977 federal definition and criteria, while revealing variations in state definitions and criteria. The impact on prereferral…

  16. Learning Disabilities: Debates on Definitions, Causes, Subtypes, and Responses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buttner, Gerhard; Hasselhorn, Marcus

    2011-01-01

    Students with difficulties in specific cognitive processes and academic achievement with otherwise normal levels of intellectual functioning are classified as having a learning disability (LD). In spite of extensive recent research in a number of disciplines, controversial debate continues with regard to several issues. To reconcile some of them…

  17. Learning Disabilities Definitions and Criteria Used by State Education Departments.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mercer, Cecil D.; And Others

    1990-01-01

    A survey of 51 state departments of education focused on learning disabilities definitions, identification criteria, and operationalization procedures. Results showed the continued impact of the 1977 federal definition and criteria. Findings are compared with those from a 1985 survey and discussed in terms of trends, prereferral interventions,…

  18. Learning Disabilities Activity Guide for the Elementary Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    La Brie, Vicki

    Intended for the regular elementary classroom teacher serving learning disabled children, the activity guide provides suggestions in the areas of motor development, visual perception, auditory perception, and language development. Motor activities are grouped into the following categories: body image, balance, fine motor coordination,…

  19. Identifying Specific Learning Disabilities: Legislation, Regulation, and Court Decisions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zumeta, Rebecca O.; Zirkel, Perry A.; Danielson, Louis

    2014-01-01

    Specific learning disability (SLD) identification and eligibility practices are evolving and sometimes contentious. This article describes the historical context and current status of the SLD definition, legislation, regulation, and case law related to the identification of students eligible for special education services. The first part traces

  20. Employment Satisfaction of University Graduates with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Madaus, Joseph W.; Zhao, Jiarong; Ruban, Lilia

    2008-01-01

    Because of its significant impact on overall life satisfaction, employment satisfaction is one marker for determining successful adult outcomes. The present investigation reports the perceptions of employment satisfaction for 500 graduates with learning disabilities from three postsecondary institutions. The graduates reported high levels of…

  1. Career Development Potential of University Students with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greene-Black, Jayne

    University students with learning disabilities (LDs) have faced a wide range of barriers which have often eroded their self-confidence and complicated their career planning process. The fact that many of these students can succeed in the university and the world of work would suggest that university LD students have a "nonsubmersible" quality that

  2. List Memory in Young Adults with Language Learning Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sheng, Li; Byrd, Courtney T.; McGregor, Karla K.; Zimmerman, Hannah; Bludau, Kadee

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to characterize the verbal memory limitations of young adults with language learning disability (LLD). Method: Sixteen young adults with LLD and 34 age- and education-matched controls with typical language participated in a Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM; Deese, 1959; Roediger & McDermott, 1995) list…

  3. The Learning Disability Phenomenon in Pursuit of Axioms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Healey, William C.

    2005-01-01

    The social epistemologist studies the basic nature of knowledge and defines axioms as statements of absolute truths that are undeniable, inescapable, and devoid of most uncertainties (Machan, 1985). The accidental phenomenon of learning disabilities (LD) has pursued the scientific truths in axioms for 42 years. Writing facts and perceptions…

  4. Syndrome of Nonverbal Learning Disabilities: Psycholinguistic Assets and Deficits.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rourke, Byron P.; Tsatsanis, Katherine D.

    1996-01-01

    This discussion of speech and language development in individuals with nonverbal learning disabilities (NLD) reviews NLD assets, deficits, and dynamics; the white matter model; manifestations of NLD in neurological dysfunction; psycholinguistic dimensions of NLD in terms of language content, form, and use; developmental considerations in NLD; and…

  5. The Uses of Hypnotherapy with Learning Disabled Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Lynn S.; And Others

    1981-01-01

    Explored the impact of group hypnotic and self-hypnotic training on the academic performance and self-esteem of learning disabled (LD) children. Important predictors of self-esteem improvement were the child's hypnotic susceptibility score and self-hypnotic practice by children and parents. Hypnotherapy is of potential benefit to self-esteem

  6. Use of the Dichotic Listening Technique with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Obrzut, John E.; Mahoney, Emery B.

    2011-01-01

    Dichotic listening (DL) techniques have been used extensively as a non-invasive procedure to assess language lateralization among children with and without learning disabilities (LD), and with individuals who have other auditory system related brain disorders. Results of studies using DL have indicated that language is lateralized in children with…

  7. College Students' Willingness To Seek Help for Their Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hartman-Hall, Heather M.; Haaga, David A. F.

    2002-01-01

    Eighty-six undergraduates with learning disabilities rated their willingness to seek help from academic services in response to vignettes and advertisements. Participants reported the most willingness to seek help after reading about a positive reaction from a professor. Students who felt more stigmatized were less likely to seek help. (Contains…

  8. Language Difference or Learning Disability? Answers from a Linguistic Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Case, Rod E.; Taylor, Shanon S.

    2005-01-01

    The population of children in the United States who require English as a second language (ESL) instruction increases every year. Among this diverse group of learners, which now exceeds four million, are learning disabled students. Their evaluation for special education services presents significant challenges to ESL, general education, and special…

  9. The Development of Encoding Processes in Learning Disabled Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lorsbach, Thomas C.; Gray, Jeffrey W.

    1985-01-01

    Learning disabled (LD) and non-LD boys (grades two and six) were given a false recognition task. Study and test items were manipulated to form visual, acoustic, and semantic distractors. Results suggest that LD students do not spontaneously use the effortful semantic processing strategy of elaborative rehearsal. (Author/CL)

  10. Social and Emotional Development of Learning Disabled Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blanton, Gloria H.

    The social and emotional development of learning disabled students needs to be addressed in education programming effort. Social skills, which are essential to academic as well as social success, can be taught through such methods as role playing, games, grouping, puppetry, behavior modification, and problem-solving exercises. In addition,…

  11. Current Best Practices in Learning Disabilities in Israel

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gumpel, Thomas P.; Sharoni, Varda

    2007-01-01

    We present an analysis of the current state of practice in the diagnosis and treatment of learning disabilities (LD) in Israel. Through an examination of the cultural, historical, and demographic background of the country ("deep structures"), we show how a fragmented society has developed; it segregates different ethnicities and social groups and…

  12. Nonverbal Social Interaction Skills of Children with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Agaliotis, Ioannis; Kalyva, Efrosini

    2008-01-01

    Many children with learning disabilities (LD) face problems in their nonverbal communication, which constitutes an important component of their social skills. This study explores the frequency of nonverbal initiations and responses of 36 children with LD and 36 children without LD matched for age and gender, who were observed for 40 min during the…

  13. Establishing Learning Disability Support Services with Minimal Resources.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brinckerhoff, Loring C.

    1991-01-01

    Ideas are provided for postsecondary institutions with limited resources wishing to increase their services to learning-disabled students. Practical suggestions are offered on how to define service eligibility, provide reasonable accommodations, establish diagnostic testing procedures, maximize existing ancillary equipment and services, market…

  14. Peer Acceptance of Learning Disabled Children in the Regular Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fox, C. Lynn

    1989-01-01

    Low socially accepted learning-disabled intermediate-grade students (N=86) were paired with 86 high socially accepted, nonhandicapped classmates for 8 weeks in 4 groups: mutual interest group, cooperative academic task group, Hawthorne effect/control group, and classroom control group. Evaluated were changes in classmates' ratings of

  15. Investigating Elementary Mathematics Curricula: Focus on Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hord, Casey; Newton, Jill A.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate three elementary mathematics curricula to examine the accessibility for students with learning disabilities (LD) with regards to challenges associated with working memory. We chose to focus on students' experiences when finding the area of composite shapes due to the multiple steps involved for…

  16. Psychoeducational Diagnostic Services for Learning Disabled Youths. Research Procedures.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barrows, Thomas S.; And Others

    A detailed explicit definition of learning disability (LD) is presented in terms of the diagnostic procedures and decision points used in identifying that category among a group of juvenile delinquent and control group adolescent males. The described procedures include a review of existing records, interviews, and diagnostic assessments.…

  17. Nonverbal Learning Disability Explained: The Link to Shunted Hydrocephalus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rissman, Barbara

    2011-01-01

    A nonverbal learning disability is believed to be caused by damage, disorder or destruction of neuronal white matter in the brain's right hemisphere and may be seen in persons experiencing a wide range of neurological diseases such as hydrocephalus and other types of brain injury (Harnadek & Rourke 1994). This article probes the relationship…

  18. Effects of Multimedia Vocabulary Instruction on Adolescents with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kennedy, Michael J.; Deshler, Donald D.; Lloyd, John Wills

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this experimental study is to investigate the effects of using content acquisition podcasts (CAPs), an example of instructional technology, to provide vocabulary instruction to adolescents with and without learning disabilities (LD). A total of 279 urban high school students, including 30 with LD in an area related to reading, were…

  19. Students with Learning Disabilities in an Inclusive Writing Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacobs, Patricia; Fu, Danling

    2014-01-01

    This article presents a case study on two fourth grade students with learning disabilities in two different writing situations: writing for test preparation and writing for digital stories. The students' writing behaviors, processes, and products in these two settings are contrasted. The differences in the students' writing experiences…

  20. Correctional Education Programs for Adults with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Linkages, 1996

    1996-01-01

    This newsletter contains six articles about correctional education for learning-disabled adults. In "Correctional Education: A Worthwhile Investment; An Interview with Steven Steurer," the executive director of the Correctional Education Association (CEA) explains the benefits of correctional education and some of the CEA's efforts to improve the…

  1. Identification and Remediation of Learning Disability Subtypes: Preliminary Findings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lyon, G. Reid

    1985-01-01

    Current literature on identification and instructional remediation of subtypes of learning-disabled readers (LDR) are reviewed. Preliminary findings suggest that not all LDR children manifest the same oral language, memory, and perceptual deficits that impede decoding accuracy and efficiency and all do not respond equally well (or poorly) to the…

  2. Project Based Learning for Children with Mild Mental Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guven, Yildiz; Duman, Hulya Gulay

    2007-01-01

    The aim of this investigation was to determine the effectiveness of a project-based learning program delivered to children with mild mental disabilities. The 7 children (4 girls and 3 boys) selected for this experimental study were from an elementary school and attending a special class. The theme of the project was "Patisserie." At posttest the…

  3. Learning among Older Adults with Lifelong Intellectual Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boulton-Lewis, G. M.; Buys, L.; Tedman-Jones, J.

    2008-01-01

    This article includes a description of conceptions of aging and engagement with learning for 16 older people (52 to 80 years; mean age 62 years) with a lifelong intellectual disability. The sample also included the care workers and family member/friend. The older people had sufficient verbal skills to participate in the interviews. Half the sample…

  4. Students with Learning Disabilities' Satisfaction, Employment, and Postsecondary Education Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rabren, Karen; Eaves, Ronald C.; Dunn, Caroline; Darch, Craig

    2013-01-01

    This study investigates the construct of satisfaction as a post-school outcome for students with learning disabilities (LD). More specifically, the effects of postsecondary education or training as well as employment are examined as they contribute to the overall satisfaction of young people with LD, one year after they exit high school. The…

  5. Hearing Problems in the Learning Disability Population: Is Anybody Listening?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McClimens, Alex; Brennan, Siobhan; Hargreaves, Pauline

    2015-01-01

    We undertook this project because we believed that hearing loss experienced by the target population was greater than the referral figures suggested. Therefore, we set up a trial service initiative designed to examine the efficacy of different referral routes into audiology services for adults with learning disability. This retrospective analysis…

  6. Effects of Multimedia Vocabulary Instruction on Adolescents with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kennedy, Michael J.; Deshler, Donald D.; Lloyd, John Wills

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this experimental study is to investigate the effects of using content acquisition podcasts (CAPs), an example of instructional technology, to provide vocabulary instruction to adolescents with and without learning disabilities (LD). A total of 279 urban high school students, including 30 with LD in an area related to reading, were

  7. Potential Utility of Actuarial Methods for Identifying Specific Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benson, Nicholas; Newman, Isadore

    2010-01-01

    This article describes how actuarial methods can supplant discrepancy models and augment problem solving and Response to Intervention (RTI) efforts by guiding the process of identifying specific learning disabilities (SLD). Actuarial methods use routinized selection and execution of formulas derived from empirically established relationships to…

  8. The Actuarial Turn in the Science of Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Danforth, Scot

    2011-01-01

    In the mid-1970s, Donald Hammill and his colleagues authored three scathing critiques of the two most trusted scientific traditions of learning disability treatment--movement education and psycholinguistic training (Hammill, 1972; Hammill & Larsen, 1974; Hammill, Goodman, & Wiederholt, 1974). These critical reviews of research rejected the older…

  9. The Gross Motor Skills of Children with Mild Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nonis, Karen P.; Jernice, Tan Sing Yee

    2014-01-01

    Many international studies have examined the gross motor skills of children studying in special schools while local studies of such nature are limited. This study investigated the gross motor skills of children with Mild Learning Disabilities (MLD; n = 14, M age = 8.93 years, SD = 0.33) with the Test of Gross Motor Development-2 (TGMD-2, Ulrich,…

  10. The Actuarial Turn in the Science of Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Danforth, Scot

    2011-01-01

    In the mid-1970s, Donald Hammill and his colleagues authored three scathing critiques of the two most trusted scientific traditions of learning disability treatment--movement education and psycholinguistic training (Hammill, 1972; Hammill & Larsen, 1974; Hammill, Goodman, & Wiederholt, 1974). These critical reviews of research rejected the older

  11. Introducing Advanced Clinical Reasoning to an Adult Learning Disability Service

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stansfield, Jois; Matthews, Alison

    2014-01-01

    The advanced clinical reasoning approach is widely adopted in speech and language therapy practice. This article reports on the introduction of the approach across a multidisciplinary adult learning disability service and staff reports on the impact of this initiative. Staff and team managers reported that the training had a positive impact on…

  12. Help and Fair Play for College Learning Disabled Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hauser, Jerald

    This paper addresses the characteristics, achievements, attitudes, and needs of college students with learning disabilities (LD). The most definitive and frequent description of LD is that there is a significant discrepancy between measured intelligence and academic achievement. College students with LD often possess high degrees of motivation and…

  13. Optimising Web Site Designs for People with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Peter; Hennig, Christian

    2015-01-01

    Much relevant internet-mediated information is inaccessible to people with learning disabilities because of difficulties in navigating the web. This paper reports on the methods undertaken to determine how information can be optimally presented for this cohort. Qualitative work is outlined where attributes relating to site layout affecting…

  14. Notetaking Skills and Strategies for Students with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hughes, Charles A.; Suritsky, Sharon K.

    1993-01-01

    Research indicates that students with learning disabilities may experience significant difficulty with taking notes during teacher lectures. Approaches for helping students include task accommodations (such as taping the lectures or purchasing notes) and notetaking skill/strategy instruction (such as paraphrasing, outlining, using abbreviations,…

  15. Self-Esteem and Facial Attractiveness in Learning Disabled Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooper, Patricia S.

    1993-01-01

    A total of 55 learning-disabled children ages 8 to 13 years completed a self-esteem measure, and photographs of their faces were rated for attractiveness by adults and peers. Found relationships between children's facial attractiveness and self-esteem and between adult and peer ratings of facial attractiveness. Found no gender differences in

  16. Modes of Imprinted Gene Action in Learning Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Isles, A. R.; Humby, T.

    2006-01-01

    Background: It is now widely acknowledged that there may be a genetic contribution to learning disability and neuropsychiatric disorders, stemming from evidence provided by family, twin and adoption studies, and from explicit syndromic conditions. Recently it has been recognized that in some cases the presentation of genetic syndromes (or discrete…

  17. Do Multimedia Applications Benefit Learning-Disabled Children?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raja, B. William Dharma; Kumar, S. Praveen

    2010-01-01

    This paper focusses on the need and benefit of using multimedia applications to cater to the needs of children with learning disabilities. The children with special educational needs found in various schools may face difficulties in acquiring academic skills such as reading, spelling, writing, speaking, understanding, listening, thinking or…

  18. Adults with Learning Disabilities: A Review of the Literature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corley, Mary Ann; Taymans, Juliana M.

    2002-01-01

    An emerging theme in professional development for adult literacy program staff over the past decade has been the topic of learning disabilities (LD). As adult educators have come to recognize that the effects of LD can play a significant role in the performance and retention of adult learners, many have sought answers to the following questions:…

  19. Learning Disabled Students and Computers: A Teacher's Guide Book.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Metzger, Merrianne; And Others

    This booklet is provided as a guide to teachers working with learning disabled (LD) students who are interested in using computers as a teaching tool. The computer is presented as a powerful option to enhance educational opportunities for LD children. The author outlines the three main modes in educational computer use (tutor, tool, and tutee) and…

  20. Holistic Instruction with Two Severely Learning Disabled Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    James, Giovanna; Milligan, Jerry L.

    For an entire school year, two low-achieving severely learning disabled third-grade students ("Billy" and "Bonny") spent 30 minutes each day working with a Resource Room teacher on a variety of holistic activities. Activities were added, discarded, or modified to maximize the children's motivation and success. "Cut-up sentences" were used early in…

  1. The Vulnerability and Sexual Abuse of People with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peckham, Nicholas Guy

    2007-01-01

    In his capacity as a Clinical Psychologist the author provides psychological support to people with learning disabilities living in hospital and in the community. Frequently, the problem behaviour highlighted in referral letters (such as sexualized behaviour, anger management or self-harm) is formulated as relating to a past history of abuse and…

  2. University Teaching with a Disability: Student Learnings beyond the Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sheridan, Lynnaire; Kotevski, Suzanne

    2014-01-01

    This research examines the learning experience of university students who were tutored by a teacher with quadriplegia mixed type cerebral palsy. It was inspired by Pritchard's [2010. "Disabled People as Culturally Relevant Teachers." "Journal of Social Inclusion" 1 (1): 43-51] argument that the presence of people with a…

  3. Prescriptive Profile Procedure for Children With Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levine, Eleanor; Fineman, Carol

    The Prescriptive Profile Procedure (PPP) attempts to provide teachers of learning disabled elementary school children with a procedure of individualized diagnosis and educational prescription which encompasses strengths and weaknesses in prerequisite skills, basic school subjects, and behavioral factors. A competency statement and six to 12…

  4. Prior History of Learning Disabilities in Reye's Syndrome Survivors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quart, Ellen J.; And Others

    1985-01-01

    Twenty-six children (ages 9-18) who had recovered from Reye's syndrome (characterized by lethargy, disorientation, personality changes, and decreased consciousness) were tested for possible memory deficits. In reviewing school histories, an unexpected finding was the disproportionately high number of students who were learning disabled before…

  5. Ethical and Empirical Considerations in the Identification of Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dombrowski, Stefan C.; Gischlar, Karen L.

    2014-01-01

    The authors encourage those in the field of school psychology to consider the use of learning disabilities assessment practices in relation to specific American Psychological Association and National Association of School Psychologists ethical codes and in regard to the American Educational Research Association, American Psychological Association,

  6. Use of Biofeedback/Relaxation Procedures with Learning Disabled Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carter, John L.; Russell, Harold L.

    The report covers a series of investigations on the effects of biofeedback/muscle relaxation training on the academic achievement of learning disabled (LD) students. In the first study, 32 LD elementary school students made gains in all measures except arithmetic following electromyograph biofeedback/relaxation treatment. Implementation of the…

  7. Strategies for Teaching Handwriting to the Learning Disabled.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dice-Ziegler, Barbara

    The article outlines six strategies for teaching handwriting to learning disabled elementary students with differing instructional needs. A rationale for the use of each strategy is followed by a step-by-step description of the teaching procedure. Strategy goals include the following: (1) teaching the manuscript alphabet through letter pictures to…

  8. Attributional Style of Children with and without Specific Learning Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pasta, Tiziana; Mendola, Manuela; Longobardi, Claudio; Prino, Laura Elvira; Gastaldi, Francesca Giovanna Maria

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: The literature highlights that pupils with Specific Learning Disability (SLD) often reveal a poor meta-cognitive system, with low levels of attribution to internal factors like diligence and personal skill, and high levels of attribution to external factors like ease of task, luck or help from others. Methods: This study aims to

  9. Attributional Style of Children with and without Specific Learning Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pasta, Tiziana; Mendola, Manuela; Longobardi, Claudio; Prino, Laura Elvira; Gastaldi, Francesca Giovanna Maria

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: The literature highlights that pupils with Specific Learning Disability (SLD) often reveal a poor meta-cognitive system, with low levels of attribution to internal factors like diligence and personal skill, and high levels of attribution to external factors like ease of task, luck or help from others. Methods: This study aims to…

  10. Identifying Specific Learning Disabilities: Legislation, Regulation, and Court Decisions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zumeta, Rebecca O.; Zirkel, Perry A.; Danielson, Louis

    2014-01-01

    Specific learning disability (SLD) identification and eligibility practices are evolving and sometimes contentious. This article describes the historical context and current status of the SLD definition, legislation, regulation, and case law related to the identification of students eligible for special education services. The first part traces…

  11. A Normativist Account of Language-Based Learning Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tomblin, J. Bruce

    2006-01-01

    Research on learning disabilities (LD) depends upon a conceptual framework that specifies what it should explain, what kinds of data are needed, and how these data are to be arranged in order to provide a meaningful explanation. An argument is made that LD are no different in this respect than any other form of human illness. In this article, a…

  12. Correctional Education Experiences of Female Offenders with a Learning Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Ezekiel

    2012-01-01

    Minimal employable skills, poor work habits, and substance abuse are problems that often result in released female offenders' recidivating within 36 months of their prison release. Recidivism is further compounded when the female offender suffers from a learning disability. Research suggests that correctional education experiences do not…

  13. The University Experiences of Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGregor, Karla K.; Langenfeld, Natalie; Van Horne, Sam; Oleson, Jacob; Anson, Matthew; Jacobson, Wayne

    2016-01-01

    To explore the university experiences of students with learning disabilities (LD), 63,802 responses to the 2014 Student Experience in the Research University Survey were analyzed. Compared to other students, those with self-reported LD (5.96 percent) had difficulty with assignments and had more obstacles caused by nonacademic responsibilities and…

  14. Ageing and People with Learning Disabilities: In Search of Evidence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker, Carol

    2015-01-01

    Background: Growing numbers of people with learning disabilities are now living into older age. This study aims to examine the state of knowledge about their lives and the challenges that ageing has for both family carers and policymakers and practitioners. Materials and Methods: The article synthesises existing research in the fields of learning…

  15. Auditory Processing Learning Disability, Suicidal Ideation, and Transformational Faith

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bailey, Frank S.; Yocum, Russell G.

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this personal experience as a narrative investigation is to describe how an auditory processing learning disability exacerbated--and how spirituality and religiosity relieved--suicidal ideation, through the lived experiences of an individual born and raised in the United States. The study addresses: (a) how an auditory processing…

  16. Graphic Organizers for Secondary Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singleton, Sabrina M.; Filce, Hollie Gabler

    2015-01-01

    Research suggests students with learning disabilities often have trouble connecting new and prior knowledge, distinguishing essential and nonessential information, and applying comprehension strategies (DiCecco & Gleason, 2002; Vaughn & Edmonds, 2006). Graphic organizers have been suggested as tools educators can use to facilitate critical…

  17. Growth in Emotional Intelligence. Psychotherapy with a Learning Disabled Girl

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chantrell, Sue

    2009-01-01

    This paper describes the once-weekly psychoanalytic psychotherapy of a girl, called Ellie, aged eight at the start of her treatment. Ellie had a learning disability and displayed difficult behaviour at school and at home. In her therapy, Ellie grew in emotional intelligence, more in touch with and able to express her feelings. Her behaviour…

  18. Discrimination Evidence for Examining Fourth Grade Students' Learning Disability Problems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hassan, Abdulhameed S.; Al-Harthy, Ibrahim S.

    2014-01-01

    This study investigated the ability of discriminate variables (perceptual-motor, hyperactivity disorder, neurological and psychological skills) to distinguish between normal (n = 68) and students with learning disabilities (n = 72) in fourth grade. Three instruments were developed: perceptual-motor scale, hyperactivity disorder scale, skills test…

  19. Siblings' Understanding of Learning Disability: A Longitudinal Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hames, Annette

    2008-01-01

    Background: There is very little research on how and when siblings understand that they have a brother or sister with a learning disability. Research regarding young children's understanding of intelligence, suggests that they may not develop a clear understanding of ability until about 7 years of age. Method: Through interviewing parents and then…

  20. Cognitive and Emotional Factors in Children with Mathematical Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Passolunghi, Maria Chiara

    2011-01-01

    Emotional and cognitive factors were examined in 18 children with mathematical learning disabilities (MLD), compared with 18 normally achieving children, matched for chronological age, school level, gender and verbal IQ. Working memory, short-term memory, inhibitory processes, speed of processing and level of anxiety in mathematics were assessed…