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Sample records for learning disabilities implications

  1. Learning Disabilities

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Weight Safely Learning Disabilities KidsHealth > Teens > Diseases & Conditions > Learning Disorders > Learning Disabilities Print A A A Text Size ... common and best-known verbal learning disability is dyslexia , which causes people to have trouble recognizing or ...

  2. The Evolution of Learning Disabilities in Children with Tourette Syndrome: Educational Implications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Deborah M.

    The paper examines implications of the high incidence of learning disabilities in children with Tourette Syndrome. Tourette Syndrome is a neurological disorder that causes involuntary muscle jerks and vocalizations. Approximately 60% of children with Tourette Syndrome are classified as learning disabled. It is possible that this high correlation…

  3. The Implications of the Risk and Resilience Literature for Gifted Students with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dole, Sharon

    2000-01-01

    This article examines the risk and resilience literature, focusing on the protective factors in the lives of both gifted individuals and those with learning disabilities. Implications for gifted children with learning disabilities are discussed and recommendations are suggested for nurturing resilience in these students. (Contains references.)…

  4. Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sittiprapaporn, Wichian, Ed.

    2012-01-01

    Learning disability is a classification that includes several disorders in which a person has difficulty learning in a typical manner. Depending on the type and severity of the disability, interventions may be used to help the individual learn strategies that will foster future success. Some interventions can be quite simplistic, while others are…

  5. Learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Lyon, G R

    1996-01-01

    Approximately 5% of all public school students are identified as having a learning disability (LD). LD is not a single disorder, but includes disabilities in any of seven areas related to reading, language, and mathematics. These separate types of learning disabilities frequently co-occur with one another and with social skill deficits and emotional or behavioral disorders. Most of the available information concerning learning disabilities relates to reading disabilities, and the majority of children with learning disabilities have their primary deficits in basic reading skills. An important part of the definition of LD is its exclusions: learning disabilities cannot be attributed primarily to mental retardation, emotional disturbance, cultural difference, or disadvantage. Thus, the concept of LD focuses on the notion of a discrepancy between a child's academic achievement and his or her apparent capacity to learn. Recent research indicates, however, that disability in basic reading skills is primarily caused by deficits in phonological awareness, which is independent of any achievement-capacity discrepancy. Deficits in phonological awareness can be identified in late kindergarten and first grade using inexpensive, straightforward testing protocol. Interventions have varying effectiveness, depending largely on the severity of the individual child's disability. The prevalence of learning disability identification has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. The "real" prevalence of LD is subject to much dispute because of the lack of an agreed-upon definition of LD with objective identification criteria. Some researchers have argued that the currently recognized 5% prevalence rate is inflated; others argue that LD is still underidentified. In fact, it appears that there are both sound and unsound reasons for the increase in identification rates. Sound reasons for the increase include better research, a broader definition of disability in reading, focusing on phonological awareness, and greater identification of girls with learning disabilities. Unsound reasons for the increase include broad and vague definitions of learning disability, financial incentives to identify students for special education, and inadequate preparation of teachers by colleges of education, leading to overreferral of students with any type of special need. There is no clear demarcation between students with normal reading abilities and those with mild reading disability. The majority of children with reading disabilities have relatively mild reading disabilities, with a smaller number having extreme reading disabilities. The longer children with disability in basic reading skills, at any level of severity, go without identification and intervention, the more difficult the task of remediation and the lower the rate of success. Children with extreme deficits in basic reading skills are much more difficult to remediate than children with mild or moderate deficits. It is unclear whether children in the most severe range can achieve age- and grade-approximate reading skills, even with normal intelligence and with intense, informed intervention provided over a protracted period of time. Children with severe learning disabilities are likely to manifest an increased number of and increased severity of social and behavioral deficits. When children with disabilities in reading also manifest attention deficit disorder, their reading deficits are typically exacerbated, more severe, and more resistant to intervention. While severe reading disorders are clearly a major concern, even mild deficits in reading skills are likely to portend significant difficulties in academic learning. These deficits, too, are worthy of early identification and intervention. Even children with relatively subtle linguistic and reading deficits require the expertise of a teacher who is well trained and informed about the relationships between language development and reading development. PMID:8689262

  6. Learning Disabilities and ADHD

    MedlinePLUS

    ... disabilities Learning disabilities and ADHD Learning disabilities and ADHD Learning disabilities affect how you understand, remember, and ... learning skills, including memory tips from LD Online. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) top ADHD is a medical condition that ...

  7. Common Core Science Standards: Implications for Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scruggs, Thomas E.; Brigham, Frederick J.; Mastropieri, Margo A.

    2013-01-01

    The Common Core Science Standards represent a new effort to increase science learning for all students. These standards include a focus on English and language arts aspects of science learning, and three dimensions of science standards, including practices of science, crosscutting concepts of science, and disciplinary core ideas in the various…

  8. The Use of Psychotropic Medication with Adults with Learning Disabilities: Survey Findings and Implications for Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chapman, Melanie; Gledhill, Paul; Jones, Phillip; Burton, Mark; Soni, Saroj

    2006-01-01

    This paper describes the findings of a survey into prescribing of psychotropic medication with adults with learning disabilities in a British city. A self-completion questionnaire was sent to staff in dispersed housing and community learning disability teams to gather information about the number of people prescribed psychoactive medication, the…

  9. Unraveling the Complex Nature of Mathematics Learning Disability: Implications for Research and Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watson, Silvana M. R.; Gable, Robert A.

    2013-01-01

    In this article, we provide an overview of current knowledge on the underlying cognitive deficits associated with mathematics learning disabilities (MLD). We highlight difficulties surrounding the identification of MLD that include inconsistency in defining MLD, comorbidity with other disabilities, problems associated with assessment tools and…

  10. Learning Disabilities

    MedlinePLUS

    ... and weaknesses. Other professionals such as speech and language therapists also may be involved. Some medications may be effective in helping the child learn by enhancing attention and concentration. Psychological therapies may ...

  11. Challenges and Success Strategies for College Students with Learning Disabilities: With Implications and Recommendations for Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grant, Kevin T.

    2011-01-01

    Students with learning disabilities (LD) are part of the largest and most rapidly expanding population of college students (Burgstahler & Moore, 2009; Garrison-Wade & Lehmann, 2009; Foley 2006; Chew, Jensen, & Rosen, 2009; Thomas, 2000). Current estimations show approximately one and a half million college students have a documented…

  12. Science and Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stanovich, Keith E.

    1988-01-01

    Reactions to H. Lee Swanson's paper "Toward a Metatheory of Learning Disabilities" are outlined, and his arguments are applied to reading disabilities, focusing on the importance of the scientific attitude, the misuse of ecological validity, interpretation of Thomas Kuhn's work, modularity and reading disability, and scientific progress toward a…

  13. Individual Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frostig, Marianne; And Others

    The following workshop presentations consider learning disabilities: "Educational Goals of the Perceptually Handicapped" by Marianne Frostig, "Remediation of Reading Problems" by Gilbert Schiffman, "Early Identification of Learning Disabilities" by Katrina de Hirsch, and "What Are Some Speech and Hearing Considerations? by John Irwin. (JD)

  14. Learning Disabilities: Lifelong Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cramer, Shirley C., Ed.; Ellis, William, Ed.

    This book contains papers on learning disabilities based on presentations made at the "Summit on Learning Disabilities: A National Responsibility," held in September 1994. The first section provides an overview and includes "The State of Research" (G. Reid Lyon). The second section focuses on education and includes: "Preventing Early Reading…

  15. Formal Reasoning Abilities of Learning Disabled Adolescents: Implications for Mathematics Instruction

    E-print Network

    Skrtic, Thomas M.

    1980-01-01

    .g., Anastasi & Foley, 1949; Stafford, 1972; Mullis, 1975) which demonstrated slight advantages for males in mathematics aptitude and achievement. The meaning of this relationship, however, is not clear and has been contested (Fennema & Sherman, 1977...: Wm. C. Brown, 1980. Bruner, J. S. Toward a theory of instruction. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press, 1966. Cawley, J. An instructional design in mathematics. In L. ~1ann, L. Goodman, & J. L. Wiederholt (Eds.), Teaching the learning disabled...

  16. Reconceptualizing Cerebral Dominance: Implications for Reading- and Learning-Disabled Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hynd, George W.; Obrzut, John E.

    1981-01-01

    Recent research employing more direct measures of central functional asymmetry suggests that a reconceptualization of the notion of cerebral dominance may be in order. A rationale for this reconceptualization is provided and the implications for children with learning disorders is discussed. (Author)

  17. Montessori and Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richardson, Sylvia O.

    1994-01-01

    Discusses the characteristics of learning disabilities in the areas of coordination, language, attention, and perception, and explains how the Montessori method can be used to educate young children with these disabilities. The method relies on a developmental approach that ensures the child a wholesome environment in which to thrive. (MDM)

  18. What Are Learning Disabilities?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... the most common learning disabilities include the following: Dyslexia. This condition causes problems with language skills, particularly reading. People with dyslexia may have difficulty spelling, understanding sentences, and recognizing ...

  19. Programming Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Valett, Robert E.

    Written primarily for use by persons concerned with the establishment and operation of learning disability programs the text presents a rationale for programing, definitions, examples, and educational rationales for basic learning abilities, and a model school district policy statement. Preliminary screening, psychological evaluation, a…

  20. Learning Disabilities Association of America

    MedlinePLUS

    ... More STRESS!! The Missing Piece of the LD/ADHD Puzzle. Clinical Neuropsychologist and Harvard Medical School faculty ... behavior in students with learning disabilities and associated ADHD. More Info Learning Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal Committed ...

  1. The Gifted Learning Disabled Student.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1994

    This collection of articles on gifted learning disabled students begins with an explanation of the philosophy of the Center for Talented Youth at Johns Hopkins University (Maryland), a list of characteristics of gifted disabled students, and three definitions of learning disabilities. The following papers are then provided: "Gifted but Learning

  2. Familial Patterns of Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Sandra

    1992-01-01

    Pedigree analysis of 12 young adults (9 of whom had learning disabilities) indicated that learning disability (LD) was strongly familial but that the type of disability (reading or math) was not directly inherited. Autoimmune disorders were significantly correlated with LD. In seven of the LD families, adults failed to overcome earlier reading and…

  3. Accommodating Workers with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Satcher, Jamie

    Someone who has a learning disability has difficulty in perceiving, understanding, and using information from the environment. This disability can cause problems in reading, listening, speaking, writing, spelling, or performing mathematics. Furthermore, learning disabilities may affect motor functioning, memory, and attention. Because a growing…

  4. Implications of Cooperative Learning and Educational Reform for Students with Mild Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fore, Cecil, III; Riser, Susan; Boon, Richard

    2006-01-01

    Cooperative learning is an instructional model that draws extensively on contributions of multiple theorists, including Piaget, Vygotsky, Carroll and other researchers. Many different cooperative learning arrangements have been developed and researched. The most extensively researched and evaluated cooperative learning arrangements is by Robert…

  5. Lessons Learned in Scaling up Effective Practices: Implications for Promoting Self-Determination within Developmental Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bacon, Ansley; Walker, Hill M.; Schwartz, Allen A.; O'Hara, David M.; Calkins, Carl; Wehmeyer, Michael L.

    2011-01-01

    The public's increasing demands for greater accountability and a better return on investment from research supported by federal funding requires that organizations studying and solving problems in areas like health, education, disability, and child mental health document the impact of their work. Human service and educational professionals agree…

  6. Nonverbal learning disability.

    PubMed

    Volden, Joanne

    2013-01-01

    Nonverbal learning disability (NLD) is described as a subtype of specific learning disability where the source of the disability is a difficulty in processing nonverbal information. The child with NLD presents with problems in visual, spatial, and tactile perception but with strengths in rote verbal skills. Traditionally, these children were recognized by their difficulties in arithmetic which presented a stark contrast with their strengths in spelling and decoding text. They also exhibited a split between their verbal IQ (VIQ) and performance IQ (PIQ) scores with the VIQ being significantly higher than PIQ. Over time, however, diagnostic criteria have evolved and the broadened definition of the NLD syndrome has led many to question the utility and uniqueness of the NLD diagnosis. In addition, shifting diagnostic standards have made research results difficult to replicate. In short, the research to date leaves many unanswered questions about (1) the definition of the NLD syndrome, (2) the pervasiveness of the academic, social and psychopathological difficulties, (3) the source of the NLD syndrome, and (4) the degree to which it overlaps with other conditions. This chapter outlines a brief history of the NLD syndrome, how it is currently conceptualized, and some of the current debate about the unanswered questions above. PMID:23622171

  7. An Interview with Mara Sapon-Shevin: Implications for Students and Teachers of Labeling Students as Learning Disabled/Gifted.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walther-Thomas, Chriss; Brownell, Mary

    1999-01-01

    This interview with Mara Sapon-Shevin discusses her interest in students with learning disabilities and giftedness, the negative effects of labeling students, what teachers can do to improve the social climate and peer acceptance in heterogeneous classrooms, and the need for teachers to teach all students as if they are gifted. (CR)

  8. Epistemological Relativity in Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kavale, Kenneth A.

    1988-01-01

    This paper affirms H. Lee Swanson's views in "Toward a Metatheroy of Learning Disabilities" and elaborates upon the role of basic research in learning disabilities. An alternative perspective on the nature of applied research is described that views applied research as theoretically driven research aimed at practical matters. (JDD)

  9. Supervising Adults with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Dale

    Intended for employers, supervisors, and coworkers, the booklet presents guidelines for accommodating learning disabled (LD) employees. An introductory section explains the condition, describing its nature and the range of impairments it includes. Five types of learning disabilities are identified: visual, auditory, motor, tactile, and academic.…

  10. Language-Based Learning Disabilities

    MedlinePLUS

    ... based learning disability diagnosed? A speech-language pathologist (SLP) is part of a team consisting of the ... professionals (i.e., teacher(s), special educators, psychologist). The SLP will evaluate spoken (speaking and listening) and written ( ...

  11. Learning Strategies for Adults. Compensations for Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crux, Sandra C.

    This book is a practitioner's guide to presenting various compensatory learning strategies to adult students with learning disabilities. The introductory chapter defines key terminology related to adult learners, learning disabilities, and compensatory strategies; learning and learning-disabled adults; and the principles of adult learning. Chapter…

  12. Identification of Learning Disabled Bilingual Hispanic Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zavala, Jesus; Mims, Joan

    1983-01-01

    The study compared 10 learning disabled and 10 non-learning disabled limited English proficient Mexican American elementary grade children. Six tests were identified as predicting learning disabilities including the Prueba de Lectura y Lenguaje Escrito and the Test of Nonverbal Intelligence. (Author/DB)

  13. Learning Disabilities: Historical Perspectives. Executive Summary.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hallahan, Daniel P.; Mercer, Cecil D.

    Although the federal government's involvement in learning disabilities through task forces, legislation, and funding has been evident only since the 1960s and 1970s, the roots of learning disabilities can be traced back to the early 1800s. Learning disabilities are one of the newest categories officially recognized by the U.S. Department of…

  14. Forensic Learning Disability Nursing Role Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mason, Tom; Phipps, Dianne; Melling, Kat

    2011-01-01

    This article reports on a study carried out on the role constructs of forensic and nonforensic Learning Disability Nursing in relation to six binary themes. The aims were to identify if there were differences in perceptions of forensic learning disability nurses and nonforensic learning disability nurses in relation to the six binary themes of the…

  15. Serving Learning Disabled Students in Postsecondary Settings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lazarus, Belinda D.

    1989-01-01

    Discusses legislation addressing institutional responsibilities concerning the educational needs of the handicapped. Explains the nature of learning disabilities. Distinguishes between accommodations for the physically handicapped and learning disabled. Describes ways of assuring equal access to education for learning disabled students, through…

  16. Learning Disabilities: The Decade Ahead.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krasnoff, Margaret J., Ed.

    Presented are ten papers given at a 1974 conference focusing on realistic goals for serving learning disabled children in the decade ahead. Papers have the following titles and authors: "Introduction and Overview of the Problem of the Conference" (W. Cruickshank); "Concepts of Vision in Relation to Perception" (G. Getman); "Motor Activities and…

  17. Hyperactivity, Learning Disabilities, and Alcohol.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gold, Sandra; Sherry, Lee

    1984-01-01

    A review of research on the effects of alcohol consumption by pregnant women supports the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's warning about the possible negative effects (learning disabilities, hyperactivity, short attention span, and emotional liability) of children. (Author/CL)

  18. Individual Learning Disabilities: A Bibliography.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rocky Mountain Educational Lab., Inc., Greeley, CO.

    The bibliography contains a variety of subject matter focusing on, but not necessarily limited to, the topic of learning disabilities. Included are 351 articles dating from 1959 to 1968, 148 books ranging from 1926 to 1968, 60 booklets from 1956 to 1968, 37 testing materials dating from 1955 to 1967, 42 catalogs from 1967 to 1968, 36 video tapes,…

  19. The Adolescent with a Learning Disability: A Developmental Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cook, Louisa D.

    1979-01-01

    The psychosocial difficulties that usually accompany learning disabilities are examined from a framework of developmental theory, particularly that of Erik Erikson. The implications of this perspective for treatment of adolescents with learning problems is discussed, and the summer residential program at Goddard College described. (Author)

  20. Mild Learning Disability or Learning Style Difference? [Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Given, Barbara K.

    This paper proposes that mild learning disability may often be more the result of teaching which ignores individual differences in learning style than the result of psychological processing and/or central nervous system disorders that are characteristic of true learning disabilities. A brief overview of learning disability identification explains…

  1. Learning Disabilities or Learning Problems?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wortman, Richard A.

    1971-01-01

    Assigning an organic central nervous system disorder as the cause of most learning problems ignores the consideration of other factors such as emotional, intellectual or educational lacks. (A related article is EA 501 451.) (Author)

  2. Learning disabilities and bullying: double jeopardy.

    PubMed

    Mishna, Faye

    2003-01-01

    Independently, learning disabilities (LD) and involvement in bullying each pose a risk for social, emotional, and behavioral problems. Based on the research to date and on the characteristics common to children with LD and children who are bullied, there is reason to believe that children with LD are at increased risk of victimization. However, there is little research on the relationship between LD and bullying. This article presents factors and characteristics that make children and youth with LD vulnerable to bullying. Risk factors and effects of bullying are reviewed. Implications for practice and research are discussed. PMID:15490906

  3. Comprehension of Humor in Children with Nonverbal Learning Disabilities, Reading Disabilities, and without Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Semrud-Clikeman, Margaret; Glass, Kimberly

    2008-01-01

    The normal development of humor in children has been well documented with a predictable course that is tied to social, cognitive, and linguistic development in children. This study explored humor comprehension in children with nonverbal learning disabilities (NVLD). Children with NVLD were compared with children with reading disabilities and a…

  4. Articulating Learning Disabilities in the Digital Age

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leko, Melinda M.; Griffin, Cynthia C.

    2009-01-01

    In a 1986 study published in the "Learning Disability Quarterly," Simmons and Kame'enui examined information found in popular periodicals about learning disabilities (LD) in an effort to understand what people learn about LD from these high-readership sources. After more than 20 years, advances in technology have brought significant changes to how…

  5. Mislabeled Reading and Learning Disabilities: Assessment and Treatment for Reading Difficulties in Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sze, Susan

    2009-01-01

    Reading affects a plethora of areas in life. Students with learning disabilities often fall into this category due to a lack of practice with reading and less time to focus on building skills. This paper examines the background, the relationship between reading and learning disabilities, the characteristics of students with learning disabilities

  6. 34 CFR 300.307 - Specific learning disabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...307 Specific learning disabilities. (a) General. A...child has a specific learning disability as defined in § 300.8...severe discrepancy between intellectual ability and achievement...child has a specific learning disability, as defined in §...

  7. Academic Freedom Faces Learning Disabilities: "Guckenberger v. Boston University."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bors, Patricia L.

    1999-01-01

    Discusses the implications of "Gluckenberger v. Boston University," a case involving the claim of discrimination against students with learning disabilities. The discussion focuses on the inherent conflict between enforcing antidiscrimination law and the freedom of a university to control its own academic standards in the context of dealing with…

  8. Learning Disabilities and a Challenge to the Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bellamy, G. Thomas; Kameenui, Edward J.

    1989-01-01

    The keynote speech notes: changes effected by Public Law 94-142, The Education for All Handicapped Children Act; needs for the next decade; and implications for the field of learning disabilities. A framework for change is proposed with four parameters: outcome effectiveness, services in the schools, individual decisions, and balanced progress.…

  9. Relationship of Postural Reflexes to Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rider, Barbara A.

    1972-01-01

    The fact that the children with learning disorders had significantly more abnormal reflexes than did the normal children lends empirical support to the theory of minimal neurological impairment as a factor in the etiology of learning disabilities. (Author)

  10. Learning Disabled/Gifted Children: Characteristic Features.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yewchuk, Carolyn

    1983-01-01

    The article examines the characteristics of students with both learning disabilities and giftedness. Typical traits of this population are considered in terms of measured IQ, academic achievement, cognitive skills, interests, creativity, personality, and learning styles. (CL)

  11. Hair Element Content in Learning Disabled Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pihl, R. O.; Parkes, M.

    1977-01-01

    Hair samples from 31 learning disabled and 22 normal children were analyzed. Significant group differences were determined and a discriminant function was computed which separated the groups with 98 percent accuracy. Elevated lead and cadmium content in the learning disabled group is viewed as being of particular importance. (Author/SL)

  12. Learning Disabilities: From Identification to Intervention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fletcher, Jack M.; Lyon, G. Reid; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Barnes, Marcia A.

    2006-01-01

    Evidence based and comprehensive, this important work offers a new approach to understanding and intervening with students with learning disabilities. The authors--leading experts in neuropsychology and special education--present a unique model of learning disabilities that integrates the cognitive, neural, genetic, and contextual factors…

  13. Learning Disabilities: The Challenges of Adulthood.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patton, James R., Ed.; Polloway, Edward A., Ed.

    This collection of 13 essays focuses on the many challenges that adults with learning disabilities face in educational, work, and social settings. The essays are: (1) "Adults with Learning Disabilities: An Emerging Area of Professional Interest and Public Attention" (James R. Patton and Edward A. Polloway); (2) "Adult Development Theories: An…

  14. Learning Disabilities: A Neurobiological Perspective in Humans.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bonnet, Kenneth A.

    1989-01-01

    The mechanisms of both language-based and non-language-based learning disabilities are presented within the framework of central nervous system development and the compromises to that development that arise from genetic, hormonal, antibody, medication, and postnatal compromises. Also reviewed is the need for a taxonomy of learning disabilities.…

  15. The Complete Learning Disabilities Directory. 2011 Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grey House Publishing, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Published for over a decade, this directory continues to be a successful, sought-after resource, providing valuable information to professionals, families, and individuals in the learning disabilities community. Supported by the National Center for Learning Disabilities, this 2011 edition brings together the most up-to-date information on LD…

  16. Disabled Learners' Experiences of E-Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wald, Mike; Draffan, E. A.; Seale, Jane

    2009-01-01

    This article provides an overview and initial findings of the LExDis project which is exploring the e-learning experiences of disabled learners within a UK university in order to increase understanding of the many complex issues and interactions introduced by disabled learners' requirements for accessible e-learning, compatible assistive…

  17. Inconsistencies in the Roles of Family- and Paid- Carers in Monitoring Health Issues in People with Learning Disabilities: Some Implications for the Integration of Health and Social Care

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Willis, Diane S.

    2015-01-01

    Changes in the living circumstances of people with learning disabilities have seen responsibility for their health become the provenance of paid-and family-carers. Thirteen semi-structured interviews were conducted with three family-carers and ten paid-carers. Findings revealed that the role of these carers was undefined, leading to difficulty in…

  18. A Meta-Analytic Review of Graphic Organizers and Science Instruction for Adolescents with Learning Disabilities: Implications for the Intermediate and Secondary Science Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dexter, Douglas D.; Park, Youn J.; Hughes, Charles A.

    2011-01-01

    This article presents a meta-analysis of experimental and quasi-experimental studies in which intermediate and secondary students with learning disabilities were taught science content through the use of graphic organizers (GOs). Following an exhaustive search for studies meeting specified selection criteria, 23 standardized mean effect sizes were…

  19. Infusing a Teacher Preparation Program in Learning Disabilities with Assistive Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bryant, Diane Pedrotty; Erin, Jane; Lock, Robin; Resta, Paul E.; Allan, James M.

    1998-01-01

    Offers curriculum design steps and describes barriers to and solutions for infusing learning disability teacher preparation programs with assistive technology (AT), because AT devices and services have major implications for individuals with learning disabilities regarding life span issues, environmental and curricular accessibility, and…

  20. Active, Independent Learning for Children with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beckman, Pat; Weller, Carol

    1990-01-01

    The article describes the Consolidated Method for Independent Learners (CMIL) which is based on schema theory and is designed to develop self efficacy, teach learning strategies, and foster generalization skills in learning-disabled and other handicapped children. (DB)

  1. Learning Disabilities: Bringing Fields and Nations Together

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elkins, John

    2007-01-01

    This article advocates an approach to supporting students who experience difficulties in learning, irrespective of nosology, particularly in the key areas of literacy and numeracy. In the state of Queensland, Australia, a distinction has been made between students' experiencing learning difficulties and those who have learning disabilities (LD).…

  2. Difference Not Deficit: Reconceptualizing Mathematical Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Katherine E.

    2014-01-01

    Mathematical learning disability (MLD) research often conflates low achievement with disabilities and focuses exclusively on deficits of students with MLDs. In this study, the author adopts an alternative approach using a response-to-intervention MLD classification model to identify the resources students draw on rather than the skills they lack.…

  3. Teaching Algebra to Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Impecoven-Lind, Linda S.; Foegen, Anne

    2010-01-01

    Algebra is a gateway to expanded opportunities, but it often poses difficulty for students with learning disabilities. Consequently, it is essential to identify evidence-based instructional strategies for these students. The authors begin by identifying three areas of algebra difficulty experienced by students with disabilities: cognitive…

  4. Microcomputer Instruction for the Learning Disabled.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schiffman, Gilbert; And Others

    1982-01-01

    The advantages of using microcomputers, particularly with learning-disabled (LD) students, are pointed out; and an example of a successful program utilizing computers at the Johns Hopkins University is described. (SW)

  5. What Are the Treatments for Learning Disabilities?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... ways educators help children with specific learning disabilities. Dyslexia 5 Special teaching techniques. These can include helping ... modifications. For example, teachers can give students with dyslexia extra time to finish tasks and provide taped ...

  6. Clinical Syndromes among the Learning Disabled.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewandowski, Lawrence J.

    1985-01-01

    Four physiological conditions associated with later learning disabilities are noted: Turner Syndrome (a chromosomal abnormality), preterm children with intracranial hemorrhage, children with incompletely developed connecting fibers between the cerebral hemispheres, and children with acquired brain injury. (CL)

  7. Best practice in learning disability and dementia 

    E-print Network

    Wilkinson, Heather; Kerr, Diana; Forbat, Liz

    Dementia is a particular concern for service providers supporting older people with learning disabilities. Until recently little forward planning had been built into services to prepare for residents to grow older, and ...

  8. Technology in the Assessment of Learning Disability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bigler, Erin D.; Lajiness-O'Neill, Renee; Howes, Nancy-Louise

    1998-01-01

    Reviews recent neuroradiologic and brain imaging techniques in the assessment of learning disability. Technologies reviewed include computerized tomography; magnetic resonance imaging; electrophysiological and metabolic imaging; computerized electroencepholographic studies of evoked potentials, event-related potentials, spectral analysis, and…

  9. Overcoming the obstacles: Life stories of scientists with learning disabilities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Force, Crista Marie

    Scientific discovery is at the heart of solving many of the problems facing contemporary society. Scientists are retiring at rates that exceed the numbers of new scientists. Unfortunately, scientific careers still appear to be outside the reach of most individuals with learning disabilities. The purpose of this research was to better understand the methods by which successful learning disabled scientists have overcome the barriers and challenges associated with their learning disabilities in their preparation and performance as scientists. This narrative inquiry involved the researcher writing the life stories of four scientists. These life stories were generated from extensive interviews in which each of the scientists recounted their life histories. The researcher used narrative analysis to "make sense" of these learning disabled scientists' life stories. The narrative analysis required the researcher to identify and describe emergent themes characterizing each scientist's life. A cross-case analysis was then performed to uncover commonalities and differences in the lives of these four individuals. Results of the cross-case analysis revealed that all four scientists had a passion for science that emerged at an early age, which, with strong drive and determination, drove these individuals to succeed in spite of the many obstacles arising from their learning disabilities. The analysis also revealed that these scientists chose careers based on their strengths; they actively sought mentors to guide them in their preparation as scientists; and they developed coping techniques to overcome difficulties and succeed. The cross-case analysis also revealed differences in the degree to which each scientist accepted his or her learning disability. While some demonstrated inferior feelings about their successes as scientists, still other individuals revealed feelings of having superior abilities in areas such as visualization and working with people. These individuals revealed beliefs that they developed these special abilities as a result of their learning differences, which made them better than their non-learning disabled peers in certain areas. Finally, the researcher discusses implications of these findings in the light of special accommodations that can be made by teachers, school counselors, and parents to encourage learning disabled children who demonstrate interest in becoming scientists.

  10. Freshman Composition for the Learning Disabled.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gore, Robert C.

    In fall 1992, Del Mar College (DMC), in Corpus Christi, Texas, offered for the first time a college-level composition class for students clinically diagnosed as learning disabled (LD), with the rationale that if LD students were first grouped together to learn the fundamentals of college-level writing and find success among their peers, they would…

  11. Working Reflexively in Learning Disabilities: What Emma Taught Us

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manners, Paula Jean; Russ, Marina

    2006-01-01

    This article is about the feelings of powerlessness that professionals feel to cure learning disability and to answer questions such as "why do I have a learning disability?". We describe how Emma showed us through role play what it was like to have learning difficulties. This article is interesting to people with learning disabilities because…

  12. You Don't Outgrow It: Living with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayes, Marnell L.

    Written for adults with learning disabilities, this book is based on the premise that learning disabilities are not outgrown and thus adults need to learn practical strategies and coping mechanisms. Some of the topics addressed in the book are: what a learning disability (LD) is, terminology, inheritance of LD, kinds of LD, discovering the…

  13. Investigating alternative conceptions in learning disabled students

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cole, Terry Stokes

    Science teachers have long noticed the fact that their students come to school with their own concepts, produced from daily experiences and interactions with the world around them. Sometimes these ideas are in agreement with accepted scientific theories, but often they are not. These "incorrect" ideas, or "misconceptions" have been the focus of many studies, which can be helpful to teachers when planning their lessons. However, there is a dearth of information that is geared specifically to students with learning disabilities. These students generally have deficits in areas of perception and learning that could conceivably influence the way they formulate concepts. The purpose of this study was to examine the concepts held by students with learning disabilities on the causes of the day/night cycle, the phases of the moon, and the seasons. An interview format was judged to be the best method of ensuring that the students' ideas were clearly documented. The subjects were five, sixth-grade students in a city school, who had been determined to have a learning disability. In examining the results, there did not seem to be any direct link between the type of misconception formed and the learning deficit of the child. It seemed more likely that students formed their concepts the way students usually do, but the various disabilities they exhibited interfered with their learning of more appropriate conceptions. The results of this study will be helpful to science teachers, curriculum planners, or anyone who works with students who have learning disabilities. It is hoped that this will begin to fill a void in the area of learning disabilities research.

  14. Stereotypes of individuals with learning disabilities: views of college students with and without learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    May, Alison L; Stone, C Addison

    2010-01-01

    To explore possible reasons for low self-identification rates among undergraduates with learning disabilities (LD), we asked students (38 with LD, 100 without LD) attending two large, public, research-intensive universities to respond to a questionnaire designed to assess stereotypes about individuals with LD and conceptions of ability. Responses were coded into six categories of stereotypes about LD (low intelligence, compensation possible, process deficit, nonspecific insurmountable condition, working the system, and other), and into three categories of conceptions of intelligence (entity, incremental, neither). Consistent with past findings, the most frequent metastereotype reported by individuals in both groups related to generally low ability. In addition, students with LD were more likely to espouse views of intelligence as a fixed trait. As a whole, the study's findings have implications for our understanding of factors that influence self-identification and self-advocacy at the postsecondary level. PMID:20375292

  15. The Relationship between Learning Disabilities and Homelessness in Adults

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Markos, Patricia A.; Strawser, Sherri

    2004-01-01

    This article describes the relationship between learning disabilities (LD) and homelessness. Research describing the connection between disabilities and homelessness has focused on individuals presenting with disabilities such as mental illness, physical disabilities, medical disabilities, or substance abuse. At this time, the presence of LD in…

  16. Vocational education and students with learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Cawley, J F; Kahn, H; Tedesco, A

    1989-12-01

    This inquiry focuses on the status of nearly 500 students with learning disabilities in 17 state-operated regional vocational-technical schools in a northeastern state. The inquiry addressed four primary concerns: patterns of assessment, career choice, school marks, and attendance. The data indicate that a variety of instruments were used in the assessment process and that the overall grade equivalent levels of attainment ranged between fifth- and seventh-grade levels. Children defined as learning disabled participated in a large number of vocational trade specialties and some 50% or more had school marks indicating that they were passing in these areas. Attendance was high. Many children with learning disabilities successfully perform in competitive vocational education programs designed to produce proficiency at the level of journey person. PMID:2592867

  17. Being a Parent with a Learning Disability: A Qualitative Study 

    E-print Network

    Shewan, Laura

    2011-01-01

    This research portfolio aims to further explore the issues faced by parents with a learning disability. Firstly, a systematic review of qualitative research into the social support of parents with a learning disability ...

  18. A Critique of "Controversial Medical Treatments of Learning Disabilities"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feingold, Benjamin F.

    1977-01-01

    The author replies to the article titled "Controversial Medical Treatments of Learning Disabilities" (R. Sieben), and discusses research on the relationship between food additives and hyperactivity, and dietary treatments for learning disabled children. (IM)

  19. School Counselors and Psychological Aspects of Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fahey, David A.

    1984-01-01

    Provides an overview of some of the more common psychological theories and behavioral variables associated with learning disabilities. Reviews Adlerian Rational Emotive and behavioral and hypnotherapy approaches as intervention strategies for the counselor confronted with learning disabled students. (LLL)

  20. Learning disability nurses prepare to face the community challenge.

    PubMed

    Kendall-Raynor, Petra

    2015-11-11

    Plans to move people with learning disabilities who are in residential hospitals back to their community were announced last month as part of NHS England's transforming care programme for people with a learning disability or autism. PMID:26554965

  1. Accessible Article: Involving People with Learning Disabilities in Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garbutt, Ruth; Tattersall, John; Dunn, Jo; Boycott-Garnett, Rachel

    2010-01-01

    This is an article that talks about our research about sex and relationships for people with learning disabilities. It talks about how people with learning disabilities have been fully involved in the research. (Contains 2 footnotes.)

  2. National Symposium on Learning Disabilities in English Language

    E-print Network

    Rau, Don C.

    National Symposium on Learning Disabilities in English Language Learners WASHINGTON, D cosponsors. Prepared by Rose Li and Associates, Inc. February 2004 #12;Learning Disabilities in English Disabled or English-only speakers with primary language learning delays LEP Limited English Proficient

  3. Relationships of People with Learning Disabilities in Ireland

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bane, Geraldine; Deely, Marie; Donohoe, Brian; Dooher, Martin; Flaherty, Josephine; Iriarte, Edurne Garcia; Hopkins, Rob; Mahon, Ann; Minogue, Ger; Mc Donagh, Padraig; O'Doherty, Siobhain; Curry, Martin; Shannon, Stephen; Tierney, Edel; Wolfe, Marie

    2012-01-01

    This study explored the perspectives of people with learning disabilities on relationships and supports in the Republic of Ireland. A national research network consisting of 21 researchers with learning disabilities, 12 supporters, and 7 university researchers conducted the study. Researchers with learning disabilities and their supporters ran 16…

  4. The Learning-Disabilities Test Battery: Empirical and Social Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coles, Gerald S.

    1978-01-01

    Reviews validation studies on ten procedures for diagnosing learning disabilities. Evaluates special knowledge claims of learning-disabilities specialists. Author finds procedures often lack sound empirical base, yet diagnosis/labeling of children as learning disabled continues. Concludes that specialists resort to bilogical explanations for…

  5. Interactions Between Teachers and Learning Disabled and Non-Learning Disabled Adolescents

    E-print Network

    Powell, Lynda; Suzuki, Kunio; Atwater, Jane; Gorney-Krupsaw, Beth; Morris, Edward K.

    1981-04-01

    A number of recent studies with learning disabled children have suggested that they may have poor social skills; however, research with LD adolescents in school settings has reported few differences in LD and non-LD student-teacher interactions...

  6. Comprehensive Assessment and Evaluation of Students with Learning Disabilities: A Paper Prepared by the National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Learning Disability Quarterly, 2011

    2011-01-01

    The National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities (NJCLD) strongly supports comprehensive assessment and evaluation of students with learning disabilities by a multidisciplinary team for the identification and diagnosis of students with learning disabilities. Comprehensive assessment of individual students requires the use of multiple data…

  7. Learning Strategies for Adolescents with Mild Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conderman, Greg; Koman, Kara; Schibelka, Mary; Higgin, Karen; Cooper, Cody; Butler, Jordyn

    2013-01-01

    Learning strategy instruction is an evidence-based practice for teaching adolescents with mild disabilities. However, researchers have not developed strategies for every content area or skill. Therefore, teachers need to be able develop strategies based on the needs of their students. This article reviews the process for developing and teaching…

  8. Neuropsychology of Learning Disabilities: Past and Future

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rourke, Byron P.

    2005-01-01

    Some of the issues that dominated, or at least held sway, in the neuropsychology of learning disabilities (LD) in the 1970s included: the definition of LD, whether there are reliable and valid subtypes of LD, whether and to what extent LD are related to cerebral dysfunction, and whether LD are related to types and/or degrees of psychosocial…

  9. Comment: The Eye and Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benton, Curtis D., Jr.

    1973-01-01

    In the rebuttal to charges made by Nathan Flax, an optometrist, regarding the joint organizational statement of three medical associations concerning treatment of dyslexia and related learning disabilities, the author discusses the five controversial points and largely reaffirms the statement's conclusions. (MC)

  10. Assistive Technology: Empowering Students with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forgrave, Karen E.

    2002-01-01

    Discusses three technological innovations that hold promise for middle and high school students with learning disabilities in reading and writing: speech synthesis programs (text-to-speech); organizational software; and voice recognition software. Examines advantages and disadvantages of each. Outlines considerations for the successful adoption of…

  11. Higher Education for Learning Disabled Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lopez, Mike; Clyde-Snyder, Myrtle

    1983-01-01

    Describes the operation of Project HELDS (Higher Education for Learning Disabled Students) on one campus. Evaluation results showed the use of existing university resources such as tutoring and taping books and lectures had a meaningful impact on the academic achievement of the 27 participants. (JAC)

  12. Educating Students with Learning Disabilities in Taiwan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hsiao, Yun-Ju

    2011-01-01

    In East Asia, Taiwan is one of only a few countries that has a clear definition of learning disabilities (LD) as well as operational criteria for the identification of LD. In Taiwan, special education services for students with LD are mandated in the Special Education Act of 1984. According to the official statistics from the Taiwanese Special…

  13. Sentence Combining and the Learning Disabled Student.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nutter, Norma; Safran, Stephen P.

    Theory and research indicated that sentence-combining exercises (SCE's) might be effective for improving the writing of learning disabled (LD) pupils. Seven college seniors in special education were trained to implement SCE's naturalistically in tutoring 13 LD pupils in grades 1-6 over a 10 week period, with a control group of 8 seniors tutoring…

  14. PRESCHOOL PREDICTION AND PREVENTION OF LEARNING DISABILITIES.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    BEERY, KEITH E.

    THE OBJECTIVES OF THIS INITIAL REPORT OF A FOUR-YEAR PROJECT WERE (1) TO DEMONSTRATE A METHOD FOR THE PREDICTION AND PREVENTION OF LEARNING DISABILITIES, (2) TO FOSTER UNDERSTANDING OF CHILD DEVELOPMENT AMONG TEACHERS, PARENTS, AND PHYSICIANS. SUBJECTS WERE THE 3 1/2 TO 5 1/2 YEAR OLD CHILDREN OF AN ENTIRE SCHOOL DISTRICT. RESEARCHERS WERE…

  15. Controversial Medical Treatments of Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sieben, Robert L.

    1977-01-01

    The author presents a critical review of popular medical treatments for children with learning disabilities, including dietary treatment (food additives theories, brain allergies, hypoglycemia, megavitamin therapy, and trace mineral tests) and neurophysiologic retraining (patterning, sensory integrative therapy, and optometric training). (IM)

  16. Career Guidance for Learning-Disabled Youth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Charles P.; Chan, Janice

    2014-01-01

    Learning disabilities (LDs) describe a number of disorders that affect the way information is acquired, retained, organized, and understood. This article aims to address the critical issue of improving the career well-being of LD youth. It first examines several critical issues that affect LD high school students/youth in their career development.…

  17. Learning Disability and Depression in Young Adulthood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MacInnes, Maryhelen; Broman, Clifford L.

    2013-01-01

    It is well established that children and adolescents with learning disabilities are more likely to experience depressed mood than are their peers. Many scholars explain this relationship as resulting from low self-esteem, stress, or social isolation. However, little work has explored whether this relationship continues to exist into young…

  18. Mnemonic Strategy Instruction with Learning Disabled Adolescents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mastropieri, Margo A.; And Others

    1985-01-01

    In two experiments, students (10 learning disabled ninth graders and 45 nondisabled seventh graders) were taught the hardness levels of minerals according to either a keyword-pegword mnemonic, a questioning procedure, or free study. Mnemonic students significantly outrecalled both questioning and free-study students regardless of students'…

  19. Group Hypnotherapy With Learning Disabled Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Lynn S.; And Others

    The impact of group hypnotic and self-hypnotic training on the academic performance and self-esteem of learning disabled children was explored. Three hypnotic training sessions and instructions for six weeks of daily self-hypnotic practice containing suggestions for imagery related to improvement in these areas were given to 15 children, their…

  20. Learning Disability Screening Instruments: Discriminative Validity.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malbon, Scott

    Screening refers here to the process of making an initial selection of those who need further diagnostic evaluations. A screening process which effectively selects true learning disability (LD) cases from a population reduces the number of incorrectly selected non-LD children who would be needlessly given costly psychoeducational evaluations.…

  1. Neuropsychological Deficits, Learning Disability, and Violent Behavior.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bryant, Ernest T.; And Others

    1984-01-01

    Examined the relationship between neuropsychological functioning, learning disability, and violent behavior in prisoners (N=110). Results indicated that (a) violent offenders tend to have serious neuropsychological deficits and that (b) inmates classified as brain damaged had a significantly higher rate of violent criminal activity than did the…

  2. Extended Mnemonic Instruction with Learning Disabled Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tolfa, Debra; And Others

    Sixty-four learning disabled sixth, seventh, and eighth grade students were assigned to 24 small instructional groups which were in turn assigned at random to mnemonic and control conditions. Instructional groups were then given three daily lessons on dinosaurs in counterbalanced order. The lessons involved dinosaur vocabulary, attributes of…

  3. Making Sense in Conversations about Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trimble, David

    2001-01-01

    Describes an integrative, multisystem clinical approach to the psychological and relational problems that develop around learning disabilities. The therapist uses expert knowledge to help members of the treatment system transform blaming, helpless, or hopeless interpretations of the problem into more helpful constructions, which support healthy…

  4. Can Learning Disabilities Explain Low Literacy Performance?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKenna, Gregory S.

    2010-01-01

    The primary purpose of this report is to explore within the Canadian context the relationship between Self-Reported Learning Disabilities (SRLD) and low literacy performance using the Canadian portion of the public data set from the 2003 International Adult Literacy and Life Skills Survey (IALSS). Two primary research questions related to SRLD…

  5. Learning Disabilities, Literacy, and Adult Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vogel, Susan A., Ed.; Reder, Stephen, Ed.

    This book deals with the long-neglected problem of learning disabilities (LDs) and the relationship of LDs to difficulties in the acquisition of literacy. Its 17 chapters are divided into 5 sections that begin with an opener to help the reader identify the main themes and content of each chapter in the section. Four chapters in Section I address…

  6. Lateralization Characteristics in Learning Disabled Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Obrzut, John E.; Boliek, Carol A.

    1986-01-01

    The authors consider recent research on brain lateralization in learning disabled children that has used three different experimental paradigms, noting that these studies have advanced knowledge about factors that can affect performance on the tasks that measure lateralization, but they do not produce a conclusive picture of abnormal…

  7. Montessori and Learning Differences. Children with Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pickering, Joyce S.

    2003-01-01

    This article discusses how children with oral and written language disorders can benefit from the Montessori method, especially if the Montessorian is trained to use a Multisensory Structured Language approach. Questions are answered regarding the number of children with learning disabilities, considerations in training the classroom assistant,…

  8. Multiple intelligences and underachievement: lessons from individuals with learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Hearne, D; Stone, S

    1995-01-01

    The field of learning disabilities, like education in the main, is undergoing calls for reform and restructuring, an upheaval brought on in great part by the forces of opposing paradigms--reductionism and constructivism. In reexamining our past, we must begin to address the failures of traditional deficit models and their abysmally low "cure" rate. Several new theories have arisen that challenge traditional practices in both general and special education classrooms. Particularly influential has been the work of Howard Gardner, whose theory of multiple intelligences calls for a restructuring of our schools to accommodate modes of learning and inquiry with something other than deficit approaches. At least some current research in the field of learning disabilities has begun to focus on creativity and nontraditional strengths and talents that have not been well understood or highly valued by the schools. In this article, we briefly summarize the findings in our search for the talents of students labeled learning disabled, evidence of their abilities, implications of these for the schools, and a beginning set of practical recommendations. PMID:7673790

  9. A New World Order: Connecting Adult Developmental Theory to Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Price, Lynda; Patton, James R.

    2003-01-01

    This article explores new connections between the current literature base on adult developmental theory and the field of learning disabilities. Emphasis is on theory and practice in self-determination and adult development. Implications for special education, vocational education, general education, and adult learning are discussed. (Contains…

  10. Students with Learning Disabilities in the Music Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Darrow, Alice-Ann

    2012-01-01

    There are a number of disabilities that music educators may never encounter among their students in the music classroom; however, all music educators will have students with learning disabilities. Students with learning disabilities may have a variety of "presenting problems" that limit their academic and social success in the music classroom. The…

  11. Common Pediatric Disabilities: Medical Aspects and Educational Implications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tyler, Janet Siantz; Colson, Steven

    1994-01-01

    This paper presents definitions of common pediatric disabilities and information about incidence, causes, diagnosis, common characteristics, complications with educational implications, and multidisciplinary intervention approaches. It covers the following conditions: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, cerebral palsy, Down syndrome, fragile…

  12. How Are Learning Disabilities Diagnosed?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... with plans that improve learning. 5 Role of SLPs All SLPs are trained in diagnosing and treating speech- and language-related disorders. A SLP can provide a complete language evaluation as well ...

  13. Language Disorders Are Learning Disabilities: Challenges on the Divergent and Diverse Paths to Language Learning Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sun, Lei; Wallach, Geraldine P.

    2014-01-01

    This article takes readers along the pathway of language learning and disorders across childhood and adolescence, highlighting the complex relationship between early (preschool) language disorders and later (school age) learning disabilities. The discussion starts with a review of diagnostic labels widely used in schools and other professional…

  14. Instrument for locating students with suspected learning disabilities: a quantitative approach.

    PubMed

    Engel, R

    1997-06-01

    The instrument to locate students with learning disabilities was developed to create equality and uniformity, so that such difficulties could be spotted independently of socialization factors, teachers and parents to whom the student had been exposed. The instrument was developed on the basis of research that defines the reading rate of students with reading disabilities in words per minute, the minimum number of errors for locating writing disabilities, and the number of answers and lines a student uses to reconstruct the content of a passage adapted to his or her age level. The research carried out in order to construct the instrument is the first to attempt to quantify disability, and on this basis to construct an instrument to locate students with disabilities in reading, writing and visual recall. The procedure can be carried out for a whole class in a single lesson period. One indirect conclusion from the research is that disability indicators remain with the learning disabled regardless of time since diagnosis or remedial help. Other implications related to combining the quantity component in diagnoses of degrees of difference in the disability identified, and in extra examination time for the learning disabled. The instrument should solve the problem of locating students with difficulty reading, writing or in visual recall, due to disability. Students thus identified will be directed to individual diagnosis to find out whether their difficulties are primary or secondary (e.g. a new immigrant who still has trouble with Hebrew). A personal corrective programme can then be constructed. PMID:9226500

  15. Gifted students with learning disabilities: who are they?

    PubMed

    Lovett, Benjamin J; Lewandowski, Lawrence J

    2006-01-01

    More than 20 years ago, psychologists first described gifted students with learning disabilities (LD). In the past decade, several sets of identification criteria have been proposed for this population. Many of the suggested assessment practices are unsupported by research in psychoeducational assessment, and some have been directly contradicted by recent research. We argue that an uncritical acceptance of the concept of concomitant giftedness and LD has led to unsound identification procedures and to interventions that are not targeted properly. Specific recommendations for future research and implications for current clinical practice are discussed. PMID:17165619

  16. 45 CFR 1308.14 - Eligibility criteria: Learning disabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...reading, writing, spelling or doing mathematical calculations. The term includes such conditions as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, and aphasia. (b) An evaluation team may recommend that a child be classified as having a learning disability...

  17. 45 CFR 1308.14 - Eligibility criteria: Learning disabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...reading, writing, spelling or doing mathematical calculations. The term includes such conditions as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, and aphasia. (b) An evaluation team may recommend that a child be classified as having a learning disability...

  18. [Non-verbal learning disabilities: developmental dyspraxia].

    PubMed

    Vaivre-Douret, L

    2007-11-01

    Dyspraxia is a non verbal neuropsychological dysfunction still unrecognized but which can generate scholar learning and behavioural disabilities. We propose, at first time, to do a state of art with the various terminologies and typologies which lead to put together clumsiness, motor coordination disorder and the different types of dyspraxia. Then, we will bring an integrative model and clinical data in children with developmental dyspraxia, allowing a better pointing, to make a diagnostic and then we suggest some advices for remediations. PMID:17964127

  19. Memory Processes in Learning Disability Subtypes of Children Born Preterm

    PubMed Central

    McCoy, Thomasin E.; Conrad, Amy L.; Richman, Lynn C.; Nopoulos, Peg C.; Bell, Edward F.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate immediate auditory and visual memory processes in learning disability subtypes of 40 children born preterm. Three subgroups of children were examined: (a) primary language disability group (n = 13), (b) perceptual-motor disability group (n = 14), and (c) no learning disability diagnosis group without identified language or perceptual-motor learning disability (n = 13). Between-group comparisons indicate no significant differences in immediate auditory or visual memory performances between language and perceptual-motor learning disability groups. Within-group comparisons revealed that both learning disability groups performed significantly lower on a task of immediate memory when the mode of stimulus presentation and mode of response were visual. PMID:22375897

  20. Learning Disabilities: Introduction and Strategies for College Teaching.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seitz, Sandy; Scheerer, Jan

    Designed for community college educators, this paper provides an overview of the characteristics and problems of the learning disabled adult and offers strategies for both teaching and learning. Following introductory remarks, the paper provides definitions of learning disability and discusses the symptoms, psychological effects, and incidence of…

  1. Rethinking Learning Disabilities: Understanding Children Who Struggle in School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waber, Deborah P.

    2010-01-01

    Experts have yet to reach consensus about what a learning disability is, how to determine if a child has one, and what to do about it. Leading researcher and clinician Deborah Waber offers an alternative to the prevailing view of learning disability as a problem contained within the child. Instead, she shows how learning difficulties are best…

  2. A Manual for Teachers of Learning Disabled Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berryman, Carolyn; Perry, Beverely

    Presented are remedial activities for use by the classroom teacher with learning disabled elementary school children in her regular class. An introductory section discusses specific learning deficits, general motor coordination deficits, and behavior manifestations. Offered are 15 generalizations about teaching the learning disabled child such as…

  3. Right Brain Teaching Techniques with Elementary Learning Disabled Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grevenow, Barbara

    The study presents teaching techniques for use with elementary learning disabled students which utilize right brain simultaneous (as opposed to sequential or left brain) learning processes. It also describes a 15-week classroom project utilizing selected techniques with 11 learning disabled children in grades 2 through 6. The literature review and…

  4. Disability Awareness Training with a Group of Adolescents with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lau, Won-Fong K.; Ortega, Karina; Sharkey, Jill

    2015-01-01

    Students with learning disabilities have been found to lack self-awareness about their disability, likely contributing to several challenges they experience, such as social skill deficits. At the same time, there is limited research investigating interventions to effectively increase disability self-awareness among this population. The current…

  5. Screening for Offenders with an Intellectual Disability: The Validity of the Learning Disability Screening Questionnaire

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKenzie, Karen; Michie, Amanda; Murray, Aja; Hales, Charlene

    2012-01-01

    The study assessed the validity of an intellectual disability screening tool, the Learning Disability Screening Questionnaire (LDSQ), in three forensic settings: a community intellectual disability forensic service; a forensic in-patient secure unit and a prison, using data for 94 individuals. A significant positive relationship was found between…

  6. The Documentation Disconnect for Students with Learning Disabilities: Improving Access to Postsecondary Disability Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Learning Disability Quarterly, 2007

    2007-01-01

    This report by the National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities (NJCLD) outlines important concerns about documentation issues related to students with disabilities as they transition from high school to postsecondary settings. These issues center on the "disconnect" between the nature and extent of disability documentation generated during a…

  7. A Model for Conducting Research with Learning Disabled Adolescents and Young Adults

    E-print Network

    Meyen, Edward L.; Schiefelbusch, Richard L.; Deshler, Donald D.; Alley, Gordon R.; Schumaker, Jean B.; Clark, Frances L.

    1980-01-01

    Issues from the field of learning disabilities and the field of education in general which impact the learning disabled individual are discussed as they relate to research with learning disabled adolescents and young adults . Based on this knowledge...

  8. Learning Disabilities and Criminal Justice: Custody Sergeants' Perceptions of Alleged Offenders with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hellenbach, Michael

    2012-01-01

    Recent research demonstrates that despite increased attention and awareness by politicians and decision-makers, people with learning disabilities are still disadvantaged when engaging with the criminal justice system. It has been argued that shortcomings in providing support are because of criminal justice professionals lacking necessary skills…

  9. Skills, Standards, and Disabilities: How Youth with Learning Disabilities Fare in High School and beyond

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGee, Andrew

    2011-01-01

    Learning disabled youth in the Child and Young Adult samples of the NLSY79 are "more" likely to graduate from high school than peers with the same measured cognitive ability, a difference that cannot be explained by differences in noncognitive skills, families, or school resources. Instead, I find that learning disabled students graduate from high…

  10. Perspectives on Applications of Technology in the Field of Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blackhurst, A. Edward

    2005-01-01

    This article describes how concepts related to the use of technology in education have evolved with particular emphasis on their implications for people with learning disabilities (LD). The article reflects the personal perceptions of the author as a "participant observer" in a variety of activities related to technology applications in special…

  11. Assessing Learning Styles among Students with and without Learning Disabilities at a Distance-Learning University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heiman, Tali

    2006-01-01

    Differences in the learning styles of students with and without learning disabilities (LD) at a distance-learning university were examined. Two hundred and twelve students answered self-report questionnaires on their learning styles. Results revealed that students with LD preferred to use more stepwise processing, including memorizing and…

  12. Estate Planning for Parents of a Learning Disabled Child.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whitman, Robert

    Considerations in estate planning for learning disabled children are presented from the perspective of an individual who is both a lawyer and the parent of a learning disabled child. It is suggested that an important goal for parents is to train the child to be able to deal with his/her financial situation. Early training in the habit of saving…

  13. Measuring Progress in Public & Parental Understanding of Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roper Starch Worldwide Inc.

    This report discusses outcomes of a study that conducted telephone interviews with 1,000 adults to investigate their awareness and attitudes toward learning disabilities and attitudinal changes since 1995, to explore parents' recognition of various behaviors or symptoms as indicators of possible learning disabilities, and to determine what level…

  14. Systemic Working in Learning Disability Services: A UK Wide Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaur, Gurpreet; Scior, Katrina; Wilson, Suzanne

    2009-01-01

    Systemic therapy works not just with the individual but those around them in trying to address difficulties and find ways forward. This approach has received increasing attention in learning disability settings over recent years. To date little is known about the provision of systemic therapy in learning disability services in the UK. This article…

  15. Assessing the Reading Comprehension of Adults with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, F. W.; Long, K.; Finlay, W. M. L.

    2006-01-01

    Background: This study's aim was to begin the process of measuring the reading comprehension of adults with mild and borderline learning disabilities, in order to generate information to help clinicians and other professionals to make written material for adults with learning disabilities more comprehensible. Methods: The Test for the Reception of…

  16. Cognitive Therapy Abilities in People with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sams, Kathryn; Collins, Suzanne; Reynolds, Shirley

    2006-01-01

    Background: There is a need to develop and adapt therapies for use with people with learning disabilities who have mental health problems. Aims: To examine the performance of people with learning disabilities on two cognitive therapy tasks (emotion recognition and discrimination among thoughts, feelings and behaviours). We hypothesized that…

  17. Visual Search in Learning Disabled and Hyperactive Boys.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McIntyre, Curtis W.; And Others

    Twelve learning disabled (LD), 12 learning disabled hyperactive (LDH) and 12 hyperactive (H) boys (6-11 years old) participated in an investigation of selective attention. Ss were asked to search for a target letter embedded within an array of noise letters. Two variations were included: one involving a simultaneous search for four possible target…

  18. A Century of Research Related to Specific Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cordoni, Barbara Keene

    This dissertation presents a systematic review of literature published from 1861-1974 and available in English which deals with children who may be classified as learning disabled by current federal law. The purposes of the review were to trace the studies of behaviors related to learning disabilities, to identify key studies on which later…

  19. Reading Instruction in Science for Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaldenberg, Erica R.; Watt, Sarah J.; Therrien, William J.

    2015-01-01

    As a growing number of students with learning disabilities (LD) receive science instruction in general education settings, students with LD continue to perform significantly lower than their non-disabled peers. The shift from textbook-driven instruction to inquiry-based approaches to science learning supports students who struggle with reading.…

  20. School Shock: A Psychodynamic View of Learning Disability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zitani, E. Alfredo

    Learning disability is seen to be a dissociative disorder (school shock) similar to shell shock in wartime. The shell shock model is explained to focus diagnosis and treatment of learning disabilities around the dynamics of the predisposing unconscious conflict, the dynamics in the environment, the mechanism which allows these two conditions to…

  1. Math and Science Strategies for English Learners with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Patricia; Johnson, Gae; Showalter, Stephen

    2012-01-01

    Students with learning disabilities have significantly lower achievement in math and science than students from the general population. If these students with learning disabilities also are English Learners, the challenges for success in math and science are even more difficult. Teachers need to infuse best practices into their classrooms to…

  2. Effective Spelling Instruction for Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sayeski, Kristin L.

    2011-01-01

    Difficulty with spelling is a perennial challenge for students with learning disabilities. Several decades of research, however, have identified both fundamental linguistic concepts and instructional approaches that, when understood by a teacher, can be applied to teach students with learning disabilities to spell. In this article, a brief history…

  3. A Search for Meaning: Telling Your Life with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horn, Jaime Helena; Moss, Duncan

    2015-01-01

    Research has identified the collective experiences of oppression, stigma and isolation in the lives of people with learning disabilities. Against the backdrop of social and cultural processes that shape and limit the life experiences of people with learning disabilities, the authors are interested in how the individual develops a sense of self and…

  4. Learning Disabilities and Juvenile Justice. Special Edition. Revised Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tyner, Polly, Ed.

    1995-01-01

    This special newsletter issue on learning disabilities and juvenile justice includes statistics indicating unfavorable outcomes for many individuals with learning disabilities, presents findings of the Incarcerated Youth Task Force Report, and describes five successful programs for teaching reading. Articles include: "Parents Don't Care!--Or Do…

  5. BUILD Program bridge to university for individuals with learning disabilities

    E-print Network

    BUILD Program bridge to university for individuals with learning disabilities Now, you can get by participating in our new BUILD (Bridge to University for Individuals with Learning Disabilities) Program. Sign the school year knowing the critical information you need to be successful in university. The Bridge

  6. BUILD Program Bridge to University for Individuals with Learning Disabilities

    E-print Network

    BUILD Program Bridge to University for Individuals with Learning Disabilities Now, you can get by participating in our new BUILD (Bridge to University for Individuals with Learning Disabilities) Program. Sign the school year knowing the critical information you need to be successful in university. The Bridge

  7. 45 CFR 1308.14 - Eligibility criteria: Learning disabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... child is classified as having a learning disability who has a disorder in one or more of the basic... child be classified as having a learning disability if: (1) The child does not achieve commensurate with... achievement of developmental milestones and intellectual ability in one or more of these areas:...

  8. 45 CFR 1308.14 - Eligibility criteria: Learning disabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... child is classified as having a learning disability who has a disorder in one or more of the basic... child be classified as having a learning disability if: (1) The child does not achieve commensurate with... achievement of developmental milestones and intellectual ability in one or more of these areas:...

  9. 34 CFR 300.307 - Specific learning disabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., criteria for determining whether a child has a specific learning disability as defined in § 300.8(c)(10... between intellectual ability and achievement for determining whether a child has a specific learning disability, as defined in § 300.8(c)(10); (2) Must permit the use of a process based on the child's...

  10. 34 CFR 300.307 - Specific learning disabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ..., criteria for determining whether a child has a specific learning disability as defined in § 300.8(c)(10... between intellectual ability and achievement for determining whether a child has a specific learning disability, as defined in § 300.8(c)(10); (2) Must permit the use of a process based on the child's...

  11. Unanticipated Effects of Children with Learning Disabilities on Their Families

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dyson, Lily

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the unanticipated effects that children with learning disabilities have on the life of their families. Eleven parents of students aged 8 to 16 years old participated in two separate focus group interviews. Findings showed that children with learning disabilities had a range of effects on their families. These included family…

  12. [Temporary disability and its legal implications].

    PubMed

    Martin-Fumadó, Carles; Martí Amengual, Gabriel; Puig Bausili, Lluïsa; Arimany-Manso, Josep

    2014-03-01

    Temporary disability is the condition that workers face when, as the result of illness (common or professional) or accident (work-related or not), they are temporarily prevented from performing their work and require health care. The management of temporary disability is a medical act that involves (in addition to a complex clinical assessment) obvious social, occupational and financial connotations and requires continuing medical follow-up from doctors, as well as responses to medical-legal conflicts. The regulatory framework on the subject is extensive in the Spanish setting and highly diverse in the European setting. Beyond the regulatory framework, the repercussions of temporary disability are self-evident at all levels. Although determining temporary disability is a common medical act for practicing physicians, it is not exempt from risks or difficulties arising from the assessment itself and the characteristics of practicing medical care. Established medical-legal conflicts include the processing of health data and the requirements for transferring information related to workers' temporary disability to their company's medical services. The interest and usefulness demonstrated by the data obtained from forensic medicine for public health require the incorporation of these data into general healthcare information, as it could be essential to the surveillance of worker health. The recommendations established by medical societies, as good practice guidelines, are especially useful in this type of conflict. PMID:24913752

  13. Readings about Children and Youth with Learning Disabilities. ERIC Mini-Bib.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sorenson, Barbara R., Comp.

    This short bibliography summarizes printed resources and videotapes relating to children and youth with learning disabilities. Seventeen books are listed that address: (1) career planning; (2) common learning disabilities and coping with learning disabilities; (3) teaching adolescents with learning disabilities; (4) child rearing; (5) learning

  14. "A kid way": strategies for including classmates with learning or intellectual disabilities.

    PubMed

    Nowicki, Elizabeth A; Brown, Jason D

    2013-08-01

    Thirty-six children between 9 and 12 years of age were invited to share their ideas on how to socially include classmates with learning or intellectual disabilities at school. Participants generated 80 strategies which were categorized into seven major themes. Thematic categories focused on the need for teachers to intervene in academic and social situations, child-to-child instructional strategies, being supportive, focusing on similarities between children with and without disabilities, modelling appropriate behaviors and intervening in negative interactions, structured inclusive activities, and noninclusive activities. Participants were aware of the challenges experienced by classmates with disabilities, and recognized the need to work with classmates and teachers towards the social inclusion of children with intellectual and learning disabilities. Educational implications are addressed. PMID:23909587

  15. Learning disabilities and anxiety: a meta-analysis.

    PubMed

    Nelson, Jason M; Harwood, Hannah

    2011-01-01

    This article presents the results of a meta-analysis of the empirical literature on anxious symptomatology among school-aged students with learning disabilities (LD) in comparison to their non-LD peers. Fifty-eight studies met inclusion criteria. Results indicate that students with LD had higher mean scores on measures of anxiety than did non-LD students. The overall effect size was statistically significant and medium in magnitude (d=.61) although substantial heterogeneity of results was found. Moderator effects were examined for informant type, gender, grade, publication status, and identification source. Informant type (i.e., self-, parent, or teacher report) explained a significant amount of variability in the sample of studies, and identification source (i.e., school identified or special school and clinic/hospital identified) approached statistical significance. Implications for assessment and intervention are discussed. PMID:20375288

  16. Differential categorization of words by learning disabled, gifted, and nonexceptional students.

    PubMed

    Siegel, J; Cook, R; Gerard, J

    1995-08-01

    This research was done to answer whether learning disabled students attend to different word features than nonexceptional and gifted students and whether there is a difference by grade. Word sorts of meaningful and nonsense words were used to estimate differences between 145 first- and fifth-grade learning disabled, nonexceptional, and gifted groups. Analyses indicated that 54 learning disabled students were more likely to provide no response or to give simpler responses than 61 nonexceptional or 30 gifted peers. Older children (n = 78) attended to more and varied word features, were more likely to focus on recognizable meaning, and were more able to use syllables as a tool for sorting than were 67 younger children. Significant differences were noted between grade and exceptionality groups. Implications for practical application and further research are discussed. PMID:8532464

  17. THE IMPLICATIONS OF CONTINUOUS LEARNING.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    KIDD, J. ROBY

    IN THE FIRST OF TWO ADDRESSES GIVEN IN INDIA ON THE IMPLICATIONS OF CONTINUOUS LEARNING, J. ROBY KIDD DEFINES LIFELONG EDUCATION AS EMBRACING ALL PURPOSEFUL, PLANNED EDUCATION, FORMAL OR INFORMAL, FROM EARLY CHILDHOOD TO OLD AGE. SUCH EDUCATION IS DISCUSSED AS A MEANS OF EXTENDING AND IMPROVING EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES AND THE QUALITY OF SOCIETY,…

  18. Adults with Learning Disabilities and the Underutilization of the Americans with Disabilities Act

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Price, Lynda A.; Gerber, Paul J.; Mulligan, Robert

    2007-01-01

    This article explored the use of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) by individuals with learning disabilities (LD) in the workplace. A review of the extant literature revealed that people with LD were not likely to use the ADA as employees. Moreover, an analysis of selected, commonly used materials regarding transition indicated a lack of…

  19. Confronting Similar Challenges? Disabled and Non-Disabled Students' Learning and Assessment Experiences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Madriaga, Manuel; Hanson, Katie; Heaton, Caroline; Kay, Helen; Newitt, Sarah; Walker, Ann

    2010-01-01

    The article presents evidence from a systematic survey of disabled (n = 172) and non-disabled (n = 312) students regarding their learning and assessment experiences within one higher education institution in the UK. This study builds upon previous work in the sector, with the aim of gathering evidence to inform inclusive policy and practice for…

  20. Occupational Stress Reported by Teachers of Learning Disabled and Nonlearning Disabled Handicapped Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fimian, Michael J.; And Others

    1986-01-01

    Results of a statewide teacher stress survey conducted with 187 teachers of learning disabled students and 178 teachers of nonlearning disabled handicapped students (total N = 365) revealed that LD teachers differed from NLD teachers in terms of experience, educational status, and caseload size; there were similarities in terms of job…

  1. Disability and oppression: some implications for nurses and nursing.

    PubMed

    Northway, R

    1997-10-01

    Since the 1970s organizations of disabled people have defined disability as a form of oppression. However, despite nurses (along with other professionals) increasingly being viewed as part of this experience of oppression, British nursing literature has to date largely failed to conceptualize disability in these terms. In this paper the five faces of oppression identified by Young are modified to include discrimination and developed to provide a framework in which evidence of the oppression experienced by disabled people may be analysed. It is argued that if nurses and the nursing profession are to challenge and reduce oppression then this should be via a process of awareness of the nature of disability, reflection on practice and development in partnership. Accordingly, an agenda is identified which has implications for nursing practice, education and research. It is stressed that if nursing is not to be viewed as irrelevant to the needs of disabled people or as part of the process by which they are oppressed then it is vital that this agenda is heeded. PMID:9354986

  2. Citizens with Learning Disabilities and the Right to Vote

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Redley, Marcus

    2008-01-01

    This paper asks, in the context of recent legislative changes, what can be done to support more citizens in England and Wales with learning disabilities to vote in national elections? This issue is addressed through (i) a review of recent disability access campaigns that have reported discrimination against, and the under-representation of, adults…

  3. Teacher with a Learning Disability: Legal Issues and District Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clayton, Jennifer K.

    2009-01-01

    This case study focuses on a teacher who discloses a learning disability to her Principal. Given the teacher's challenges in retention of her content material, the district is faced with how to handle the personnel situation of an employee with a disability. This case raises questions of how to balance the needs and interests of students with the…

  4. Counselor Beliefs and Perceived Knowledge Regarding Clients with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bell, Tamekia R.

    2012-01-01

    Clients with learning disabilities constitute a cultural group that has not been extensively studied. The professional literature has found that counselors have reported the need for additional training in working with clients with disabilities. This study explored counselors' beliefs and perceived knowledge regarding counseling clients with…

  5. 34 CFR 300.307 - Specific learning disabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Specific learning disabilities. 300.307 Section 300.307 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION ASSISTANCE TO STATES FOR THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES...

  6. 34 CFR 300.307 - Specific learning disabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Specific learning disabilities. 300.307 Section 300.307 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION ASSISTANCE TO STATES FOR THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES...

  7. 34 CFR 300.307 - Specific learning disabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Specific learning disabilities. 300.307 Section 300.307 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION ASSISTANCE TO STATES FOR THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES...

  8. Visual Search in Learning Disabled and Hyperactive Boys.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McIntyre, Curtis W.; And Others

    1981-01-01

    To test the suggestion that a deficit in selective attention is characteristic of learning disabled (LD) but not hyperactive (H) children, 72 students (12 LDH, 12 H, and 36 normal Ss) were timed on visual search tasks. (Author)

  9. Growing older with a learning disability and dementia 

    E-print Network

    Wilkinson, Heather; Watchman, Karen

    This briefing brings together the findings from several studies in order to report on the importance of families and relationships in the lives of people with a learning disability, who are growing older and experiencing dementia....

  10. An Introduction to Savings Accounts for Learning Disabled Adolescents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGee, David W.

    1983-01-01

    A unit on savings accounts helped learning disabled adolescents with the basic skills of writing dates and numbers on banking forms, using correct forms for withdrawal and deposit, and understanding vocabulary terms and concepts. (CL)

  11. Alternative models of learning disabilities identification: considerations and initial conclusions

    E-print Network

    Johnson, Evelyn; Mellard, Daryl F.; Prewett, Sara

    2005-01-01

    The final session of the National Research Center on Learning Disabilities (NRCLD) Responsiveness-to-Intervention (RTI) Symposium, “What are alternative models to LD identification other than RTI?” included four papers that discussed concerns over...

  12. Learning capacity in adolescents with mild intellectual disabilities.

    PubMed

    Tiekstra, Marlous; Hessels, Marco G P; Minnaert, Alexander E M G

    2009-12-01

    Scores on a learning potential test (the Hessels Analogical Reasoning Test) were examined to assess how to provide a better estimate of the learning capacity of students with mild intellectual disabilities compared to IQ scores. As a criterion, a dynamic test of chemistry learning was used. 46 adolescents from a special education institute participated. The results show that learning ability, as estimated with the learning potential test, did not correlate with a traditional measure of IQ (n = 23). Moreover, IQ did not predict who would profit from training in novel, school-related domains. Multiple-regression analysis confirmed the superiority of the learning potential test to predict scores on a chemistry test administered in training-posttest format. This study demonstrated that a learning potential test is able to better predict such specific future learning outcomes and may be of added value in the differentiation of the learning potential of students with mild intellectual disabilities. PMID:20099542

  13. Behavioral Inhibition in Children with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Weerdt, Frauke; Desoete, Annemie; Roeyers, Herbert

    2013-01-01

    Children with reading disabilities (RD, n = 17), mathematical disabilities (MD, n = 22), combined reading and mathematical disabilities (RD + MD, n = 28) and control peers (n = 45) were tested on behavioral inhibition with a Go/no-go task in a picture, letter and digit-modality. In contrast to children without RD, children with RD made…

  14. Representation of survey and route spatial descriptions in children with nonverbal (visuospatial) learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Mammarella, Irene C; Meneghetti, Chiara; Pazzaglia, Francesca; Gitti, Filippo; Gomez, Claudia; Cornoldi, Cesare

    2009-11-01

    This study aims to investigate the types of difficulty encountered by children with nonverbal (visuospatial) learning disabilities (NLD) during the processing of spatial information derived from descriptions. Two spatial descriptions--one in survey, one in route perspective--and one nonspatial description were orally presented to children aged 9-12 divided in three groups: (i) with NLD (N=12), (ii) with reading disability (RD) (N=11), and (iii) without learning disabilities who served as controls (N=16). Children performed two tasks: sentence verification and location. In the verification task, NLD performed worse in survey text than control and RD groups. Moreover, in the location task NLD were worse than controls in both survey and route descriptions, but significantly poorer than the RD group only in the survey description. The results are discussed considering their implications in understanding the neuropsychological profile of NLD and the processes involved by different types of spatial descriptions. PMID:19520476

  15. 34 CFR 300.309 - Determining the existence of a specific learning disability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... disability. 300.309 Section 300.309 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education... Specific Learning Disabilities § 300.309 Determining the existence of a specific learning disability. (a) The group described in § 300.306 may determine that a child has a specific learning disability,...

  16. 34 CFR 300.309 - Determining the existence of a specific learning disability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... disability. 300.309 Section 300.309 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education... Specific Learning Disabilities § 300.309 Determining the existence of a specific learning disability. (a) The group described in § 300.306 may determine that a child has a specific learning disability,...

  17. Employment self-disclosure rates and rationales of university graduates with learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Madaus, Joseph W

    2008-01-01

    Five hundred graduates with learning disabilities (LD) from three universities in the United States completed a survey related to their postschool employment outcomes and experiences. The present study presents data related to their decisions regarding LD disclosure in employment settings. Although 73% of the respondents reported that the LD affected their job in some way, only 55% reported self-disclosing, and only 12% reported requesting accommodations. Specific reasons for each of these decisions are presented, as are areas in which LD affect work, strategies for dealing with LD in the workplace, and perceptions of the Americans with Disabilities Act. Implications for secondary and postsecondary programs are discussed. PMID:18560020

  18. Callosal size in children with learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Njiokiktjien, C; de Sonneville, L; Vaal, J

    1994-10-20

    The corpus callosum (CC), the main structure subserving hemispheric collaboration, that is necessary for efficient cognitive functioning, undergoes developmental processes such as axonal retraction and myelination. Callosal growth therefore is vulnerable for adverse events such as perinatal asphyxia, but there are also genetic and epigenetic factors that determine form and thickness. MRI scans of 110 children, either with specific learning disabilities (LD), i.e. dysphasia/dyslexia, or with several degrees of general LD, showed callosa that were highly variable in size. The callosal size corrected for brain size did not vary significantly according to the severity of the LD, although it tended to be smaller in severe LD, i.e. mental retardation. Callosal size varied however, due to the likely presence of genetic influences or of adverse perinatal events. Children with familial dysphasia/dyslexia, had a thicker CC, possibly reflecting a poorly understood neurodevelopmental mechanism that inhibits the establishment of cerebral dominance. LD children (all subgroups together) with perinatal adverse events had a smaller CC than the familial cases, suggesting CC damage. Despite a multitude of developmental factors influencing the final size, this study suggests that total callosal size, supposedly linked to interhemispheric function, may contribute to the pathophysiological mechanisms that give rise to LD. PMID:7530964

  19. Teaching Kids with Learning Disabilities to Take Public Transit

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schoenfeld, Jane

    2009-01-01

    Taking public transit can make anyone nervous, especially in a large or medium-sized city where there are many different bus lines going many different places. The author's daughter, Anna, has multiple learning disabilities and may never learn to drive, but she wants to be as independent as possible so the author taught her to ride the bus. This…

  20. Complicating, Not Explicating: Taking up Philosophy in Learning Disability Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allan, Julie

    2011-01-01

    This article provides an introduction to theoretical ideas and practices from the so-called "philosophers of difference"--Foucault, Derrida, and Deleuze and Guattari--as an invitation to think differently about the construction of learning disability and to envision new forms of learning. Two key concepts, Foucault's transgression and Deleuze and…

  1. Making Online Learning Accessible for Students with Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hashey, Andrew I.; Stahl, Skip

    2014-01-01

    The growing presence of K-12 online education programs is a trend that promises to increase flexibility, improve efficiency, and foster engagement in learning. Students with disabilities can benefit from dynamic online educational environments, but only to the extent that they can access and participate in the learning process. As students with…

  2. Adolescents with Learning Disabilities: Unique Challenges and Reasons for Hope

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deshler, Donald D.

    2005-01-01

    Historically, most of the professional literature in the field as well as federal funding initiatives in research and program development have been directed at younger students with learning disabilities (LD). The prevailing assumption (or hope) has been that if intervention took place at a young age, many of the manifestations of the learning

  3. Working Together: Computers and People with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washington Univ., Seattle.

    This brief paper considers ways in which people with learning disabilities can benefit from both mainstream and specialized computer hardware and software. First, definitions are provided of terminology, including terms such as dysgraphia, dyscalculia, dyspraxia, non-verbal learning disorder, and dyslexia. Discussion of the role of assistive…

  4. Learning Disabilities and Conductive Hearing Loss Involving Otitis Media.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reichman, Julie; Healey, William C.

    1983-01-01

    A review of research on the relationship of otitis media (ear infection) and learning/language/hearing disorders revealed that incidence of otitis media was twice as common in learning disabled as nonLD students; and that, in general, otitis-prone children scored below controls with frequent evidence of performance deficits. (CL)

  5. Diagnosis of Specific Learning Disabilities and Prescriptive Teaching.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alonso, Lou; And Others

    The recent trend in special education toward individualized teaching based on the diagnosis of specific learning disabilities is reviewed. The concern of educators for emphasis on psychoeducational diagnosis to determine learning and behavioral problems, and their remediation, rather than primarily on classification and categorization along…

  6. Project Upgrade. Working with Adults Who Have Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manhattan Adult Learning and Resource Center, KS.

    This document is designed to help adult educators understand and meet the needs of adults with learning disabilities (ALDs). A research-substantiated rationale for remedial instruction for ALDs is presented in the introduction. Selected terms are defined, and common characteristics of ALDs are examined. Basic assumptions regarding adult learning

  7. Psychosocial and Adaptive Deficits Associated with Learning Disability Subtypes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Backenson, Erica M.; Holland, Sara C.; Kubas, Hanna A.; Fitzer, Kim R.; Wilcox, Gabrielle; Carmichael, Jessica A.; Fraccaro, Rebecca L.; Smith, Amanda D.; Macoun, Sarah J.; Harrison, Gina L.; Hale, James B.

    2015-01-01

    Children with specific learning disabilities (SLD) have deficits in the basic psychological processes that interfere with learning and academic achievement, and for some SLD subtypes, these deficits can also lead to emotional and/or behavior problems. This study examined psychosocial functioning in 123 students, aged 6 to 11, who underwent…

  8. Designing Online Learning Opportunities for Students with Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Sean J.; Basham, James D.

    2014-01-01

    With the growth in blended and fully online K-12 instruction, all students, including those with disabilities, are finding online learning a viable option to address learner variability. Personalized learning or the individualized education program appears to align well with the many features of blended and fully online instruction. The purpose of…

  9. Visual and Auditory Learning Processes in Normal Children and Children with Specific Learning Disabilities. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGrady, Harold J.; Olson, Don A.

    To describe and compare the psychosensory functioning of normal children and children with specific learning disabilities, 62 learning disabled and 68 normal children were studied. Each child was given a battery of thirteen subtests on an automated psychosensory system representing various combinations of auditory and visual intra- and…

  10. An Investigation into the Public Health Roles of Community Learning Disability Nurses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mafuba, Kay; Gates, Bob

    2015-01-01

    International studies have shown poor uptake of public health initiatives by people with learning disabilities. In addition, studies have shown that people with learning disabilities experience poor access to public health services. The contribution of community learning disability nurses in meeting the public health needs of people with learning

  11. The Learning Disabled Student in the Regular Classroom. A Guide for Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vicente, Ann R., Ed.

    The resource guide was designed primarily for teachers in British Columbia and provides information for working with mainstreamed learning disabled children. The guide is divided into the following eight topics (with sample papers in parentheses): learning disabilities ("Myths and Realities in Learning Disabilities" by W. Cruickshank, "Learning

  12. An exploration of equitable science teaching practices for students with learning disabilities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Morales, Marlene

    In this study, a mixed methods approach was used to gather descriptive exploratory information regarding the teaching of science to middle grades students with learning disabilities within a general education classroom. The purpose of this study was to examine teachers' beliefs and their practices concerning providing equitable opportunities for students with learning disabilities in a general education science classroom. Equitable science teaching practices take into account each student's differences and uses those differences to inform instructional decisions and tailor teaching practices based on the student's individualized learning needs. Students with learning disabilities are similar to their non-disabled peers; however, they need some differentiation in instruction to perform to their highest potential achievement levels (Finson, Ormsbee, & Jensen, 2011). In the quantitative phase, the purpose of the study was to identify patterns in the beliefs of middle grades science teachers about the inclusion of students with learning disabilities in the general education classroom. In the qualitative phase, the purpose of the study was to present examples of instruction in the classrooms of science education reform-oriented middle grades science teachers. The quantitative phase of the study collected data from 274 sixth through eighth grade teachers in the State of Florida during the 2007--2008 school year using The Teaching Science to Students with Learning Disabilities Inventory. Overall, the quantitative findings revealed that middle grades science teachers held positive beliefs about the inclusion of students with learning disabilities in the general education science classroom. The qualitative phase collected data from multiple sources (interviews, classroom observations, and artifacts) to develop two case studies of reform-oriented middle grades science teachers who were expected to provide equitable science teaching practices. Based on their responses to The Teaching Science to Students with Learning Disabilities Inventory, the case study teachers demonstrated characteristics of successful teachers of diverse learners developed by Lynch (2000). Overall, the qualitative findings revealed that the case study teachers were unsure how to provide equitable science teaching practices to all students, particularly to students with learning disabilities. They provided students with a variety of learning experiences that entailed high expectations for all; however, these experiences were similar for all students. Had the teachers fully implemented equitable science teaching practices, students would have had multiple options for taking in the information and making sense of it in each lesson. Teaching that includes using a variety of validated practices that take into account students' individualized learning needs can promote aspects of equitable science teaching practices. Finally, this study provides implications for teacher education programs and professional development programs. As teachers implement science education reform efforts related to equitable science teaching practices, both teacher education programs and professional development programs should include opportunities for teachers to reflect on their beliefs about how students with learning disabilities learn and provide them with a variety of validated teaching practices that will assist them in teaching students with learning disabilities in the general education classroom while implementing science reform efforts.

  13. Money, Finance and the Personalisation Agenda for People with Learning Disabilities in the UK: Some Emerging Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abbott, David; Marriott, Anna

    2013-01-01

    In the UK, policy on adult social care places an emphasis on maximising choice and control for service users, including people with learning disabilities. The shift from the provision of organised services for groups of people to offering individual and personal budgets and pots of money for people to buy their own services has major implications

  14. Specific Learning Disabilities: Finding Common Ground. A Report Developed by the Ten Organizations Participating in the Learning Disabilities Roundtable (Washington, DC, February 4-5, 2002).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Institutes for Research, Washington, DC.

    This report summarizes the consensus statements developed by the Learning Disabilities Roundtable (February 2002), a meeting of the 10 member organizations of the National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities to provide input for the reauthorization of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. The Roundtable resulted in defined areas of…

  15. Sheep or Goats? Learning Disabilities and Educational Services for Children with Special Needs: A Canadian Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kendall, David

    1977-01-01

    Presented at the First National Conference on Learning Disabilities in Ottawa, Canada in October, 1977, the article discusses learning disabilities and their appropriate special educational services in Canada, focusing on the processes of categorization and labeling. (DLS)

  16. The Learning Disabilities Unit at the State College of Optometry/SUNY.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Solan, Harold A.; Springer, Florence E.

    1986-01-01

    The Learning Disabilities Unit of New York's State College of Optometry, providing testing and research for learning disabled adults and children and professional instruction and clinical experience for students of optometry and related fields, is described. (MSE)

  17. Learning Disabilities and Employment before and in the Americans with Disabilities Act Era: Progress or a Bridge Too Far?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gerber, Paul J.; Batalo, Cecilia G.; Achola, Edwin O.

    2011-01-01

    The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) and its amendments have been in existence for a little more than twenty years. Title One, which pertains to employment, has had a bearing on employment for persons with disabilities, particularly the high incidence category of learning disabilities, who for the most part work in competitive…

  18. Italy Presses Forward in Educating Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Giangreco, Michael F.; Doyle, Mary Beth

    2015-01-01

    Italy has a long history of including students with disabilities in general education classes. Their efforts offer unique perspectives and practices from which other countries may benefit. The article highlights four notable attributes about the Italian approach and discusses implications for American schools.

  19. Anxiety and Depression in Children With Nonverbal Learning Disabilities, Reading Disabilities, or Typical Development.

    PubMed

    Mammarella, Irene C; Ghisi, Marta; Bomba, Monica; Bottesi, Gioia; Caviola, Sara; Broggi, Fiorenza; Nacinovich, Renata

    2014-04-14

    The main goal of the present study was to shed further light on the psychological characteristics of children with different learning disability profiles aged between 8 and 11 years, attending from third to sixth grade. Specifically, children with nonverbal learning disabilities (NLD), reading disabilities (RD), or a typical development (TD) were tested. In all, 15 children with NLD, 15 with RD, and 15 with TD were administered self-report questionnaires to assess different types of anxiety and depression symptoms. Both NLD and RD children reported experiencing more generalized and social anxiety than TD, the NLD children reported more severe anxiety about school and separation than TD, and the children with RD had worse depressive symptoms than those with NLD or TD. PMID:24733818

  20. The Relationship of Intelligence, Visual Problems and Neurological Organization to Reading-Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Califf, James I.

    A study was conducted to collect information on the origins of reading and learning disabilities and on the characteristics of learning disabled children. Data were collected from case histories and evaluation and follow-up reports for 372 learning disabled subjects, aged 6 to 22 years. Characteristics of the subjects were similar to those of…

  1. Learning Disabilities and the American Public: A Look at American's Awareness and Knowledge.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roper Starch Worldwide Inc.

    This study examined 1,200 adults' understanding of and attitudes toward learning disabilities, through a telephone survey. Additional objectives included the identification of various information sources and testing of potential messages about learning disabilities. Halfway through each telephone interview, a definition of learning disabilities

  2. Frames of Reference for the Assessment of Learning Disabilities: New Views on Measurement Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lyon, G. Reid, Ed.

    This book offers 27 papers addressing critical issues in the assessment of students with all kinds of learning disabilities. Papers have the following titles and authors: "Critical Issues in the Measurement of Learning Disabilities" (G. Reid Lyon); "A Matrix of Decision Points in the Measurement of Learning Disabilities" (Barbara K. Keogh);…

  3. Systemic Family Therapy Using the Reflecting Team: The Experiences of Adults with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anslow, Katharine

    2014-01-01

    This research aimed to illuminate the experiences of adults with learning disabilities of the reflecting team, in the context of their systemic family therapy. Five adults with learning disabilities were recruited from one community learning disability team. A qualitative design using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) was appropriate…

  4. Working Alongside Older People with a Learning Disability: Informing and Shaping Research Design

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herron, Daniel; Priest, Helena M.; Read, Sue

    2015-01-01

    Background: There has been an increase in inclusive research in the learning disability field; however, this has not been reflected within learning disability and dementia research, where little is known from the perspective of people with learning disabilities. This paper will define inclusive research, explore reasons for the dearth of inclusive…

  5. The Effects of Learning Disabilities on a Child's Self-Concept.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Avazian, Karyn Lorraine Wood

    The review of the literature focuses on research assessing the effects of learning disabilities on a child's self-concept. After an introduction, definitions of "learning disabilities" and "self-concept" are offered. The literature on effects of learning disabilities on self-concept in elementary, middle, and high school age children is then…

  6. Impact of Various Instructional Strategies for Enhancing Mathematical Skills of Learning Disabled Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaur, Taranjit; Kohli, Tehal; Devi, Batani

    2008-01-01

    Aim: The current study tested the comparative efficacy of various strategies on basic mathematical skills of learning disabled children. Methods: Learning disabled children were randomly assigned to multimedia, cognitive, eclectic and control conditions. Assessment included the use of IQ, Diagnostic Test of Learning Disability, and Pre and…

  7. "Our Journey through Time": An Oral History Project Carried out by Young People with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bentley, Sarah; Nicholls, Rickie; Price, Maxine; Wilkinson, Aaron; Purcell, Matthew; Woodhall, Martin; Walmsley, Jan

    2011-01-01

    We are five young people with learning disabilities who found out about the history of hospitals for people with learning disabilities in our area, and made a film about the project. The project taught us what life had been like for some people with learning disabilities only 30 years ago. It was very different to our lives; we have more choice,…

  8. Awareness among Teachers of Learning Disabilities in Students at Different Board Levels

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mehta, Deepti

    2006-01-01

    Learning disability is a complex phenomenon to understand. There are many connotations of learning disabilities thus even today it creates confusion in the mind of the general public and the professionals. Learning disability is a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or using spoken or written…

  9. Signals of Learning Disabilities at Various Developmental Stages. Children with Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pickering, Joyce S.

    2002-01-01

    Describes signs of possible learning disabilities in early childhood, during the elementary grades, in middle school, in high school, and in college students and other adults. Includes a table differentiating 25 characteristics of individuals with dyslexia and attention-deficit disorder. (KB)

  10. Visual perception and memory impairments in children at risk of nonverbal learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Mammarella, Irene C; Pazzaglia, Francesca

    2010-01-01

    Visuospatial working memory (VSWM) and visual perception were examined in two groups aged 11-13, one with children displaying symptoms of nonverbal learning disability (NLD) (n = 18) and the other a control group without learning disabilities (n = 18). The two groups were matched for general verbal abilities, age, gender, and socioeconomic level. The children were presented with VSWM tests involving visual and spatial-simultaneous processes, and also with a classical visual illusion, a classical ambiguous figure, as well as visual perception tests specifically devised for the present study. Results revealed that performance of children at risk of NLD was worse than controls in some VSWM and in visual perception tests without memory involvement; these latter required comparisons of visual stimuli and locations in space with distractors. Moreover, the two groups differed in perceiving the classical ambiguous figure. Findings are discussed in the light of both theoretical and clinical implications. PMID:20574867

  11. Behavioural and emotional characteristics in children with Sotos syndrome and learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Sarimski, Klaus

    2003-03-01

    In contrast to physical characteristics, the developmental and behavioural characteristics of children with Sotos syndrome are not well documented. Data from a survey of 27 children (17 males and 10 females; mean age 10 years 7 months; range 6 to 15 years) with mild and moderate learning disabilities were obtained concerning school placement, social networks, adaptive competence, and behavioural problems and compared with a control group matched for cognitive level and age. Ten children attended a mainstream school (with remedial assistance), eight were placed in a school for children with learning disabilities, nine children attended other special schools. Social contact problems and anxious behaviour were reported as the most prominent characteristics of children with Sotos syndrome. Some implications for psychological counselling and educational support are discussed. PMID:12613773

  12. The identification and performance of gifted students with learning disability diagnoses: a quantitative synthesis.

    PubMed

    Lovett, Benjamin J; Sparks, Richard L

    2013-01-01

    Much has been written about gifted students with learning disabilities, but there have been few large-scale empirical investigations, and the concept has proven controversial. The authors reviewed the available empirical literature on these students, focusing on (a) the criteria by which the students were identified and (b) the students' performance on standardized tests of ability and achievement. In addition, the test scores of these students were aggregated to determine typical performance levels. A total of 46 empirical articles were reviewed, and major findings included wide variability in identification criteria across studies, frequent reliance on dubious methods of learning disability identification, and a lack of academic impairment among the identified students. Implications for the "gifted/LD" category are discussed. PMID:22057201

  13. Racial Storylines and Implications for Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nasir, N. S.; Snyder, C. R.; Shah, N.; Ross, K. M.

    2012-01-01

    In this article, we theorize the relation between race and schooling and consider the implications for learning. While the body of research on culture and learning has come to define learning as an inherently cultural and social process, scholars have few theoretical tools to help us think about the role of race and racism in relation to students'…

  14. Disability as Cultural Difference: Implications for Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anastasiou, Dimitris; Kauffman, James M.

    2012-01-01

    This article critiques the treatment of disability as cultural difference by the theorists of the "social model" and "minority group model" of disability. Both models include all of the various disabling conditions under one term--disability--and fail to distinguish disabilities from cultural differences (e.g., race, ethnicity, or gender…

  15. Live It, Learn It: The Academic Club Methodology for Students with Learning Disabilities and ADHD

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Sally L.

    2004-01-01

    Improve school success for students who have learning disabilities and ADHD with "Academic Clubs," the proven learning-by-doing approach presented in this energizing guidebook. Sally Smith--the highly respected founder of the Lab Schools, where 95% of students with learning problems go on to college--shows elementary school educators how to…

  16. Peer Mediation Intervention for Scaffolding Self-Regulated Learning among Children with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shamir, Adina; Lazerovitz, Tamar

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effect of a peer mediation intervention on self-regulated learning of students with learning disabilities. The research captured both process and outcomes of peer tutoring following the tutors' experience of the intervention programme. Tutors' self-regulated learning was measured by…

  17. Nonverbal Social Interaction Skills of Children with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Agaliotis, Ioannis; Kalyva, Efrosini

    2008-01-01

    Many children with learning disabilities (LD) face problems in their nonverbal communication, which constitutes an important component of their social skills. This study explores the frequency of nonverbal initiations and responses of 36 children with LD and 36 children without LD matched for age and gender, who were observed for 40 min during the…

  18. Revisiting Debates on Learning Disabilities in Adult Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Belzer, Alisa; Ross-Gordon, Jovita

    2011-01-01

    Since the 1980s, educators in adult basic education and special education have speculated that a substantial if unknown percentage of adults have specific learning disabilities (LDs) and have sought to identify and address effectively the needs of these learners. Two rarely intersecting bodies of historical literature on LDs provide the background…

  19. Holistic Instruction with Two Severely Learning Disabled Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    James, Giovanna; Milligan, Jerry L.

    For an entire school year, two low-achieving severely learning disabled third-grade students ("Billy" and "Bonny") spent 30 minutes each day working with a Resource Room teacher on a variety of holistic activities. Activities were added, discarded, or modified to maximize the children's motivation and success. "Cut-up sentences" were used early in…

  20. An Exploration of Community Learning Disability Nurses' Therapeutic Role

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marsham, Marian

    2012-01-01

    This literature review and primary qualitative research explores therapeutic role from the perspective of Community Learning Disability Nurses. Semi-structured interviews, based on Critical Incident Technique ("Psychol Bull", 51, 1954, 327), and descriptive phenomenological methodology were adopted to elicit data amenable to systematic content…

  1. Effectiveness of Dysphagia Training for Adult Learning Disabilities Support Workers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tredinnick, Gerlind; Cocks, Naomi

    2014-01-01

    This study investigated the effectiveness of a 1-day dysphagia training package delivered to support workers who work with adults with a learning disability. Thirty-eight support staff took part in this study. Twenty-five support staff received training, and 13 did not receive training and therefore acted as a control group. Three questionnaires…

  2. List Memory in Young Adults with Language Learning Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sheng, Li; Byrd, Courtney T.; McGregor, Karla K.; Zimmerman, Hannah; Bludau, Kadee

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to characterize the verbal memory limitations of young adults with language learning disability (LLD). Method: Sixteen young adults with LLD and 34 age- and education-matched controls with typical language participated in a Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM; Deese, 1959; Roediger & McDermott, 1995) list…

  3. Learning Disabilities and Anxiety: A Meta-Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson, Jason M.; Harwood, Hannah

    2011-01-01

    This article presents the results of a meta-analysis of the empirical literature on anxious symptomatology among school-aged students with learning disabilities (LD) in comparison to their non-LD peers. Fifty-eight studies met inclusion criteria. Results indicate that students with LD had higher mean scores on measures of anxiety than did non-LD…

  4. Rehabilitation and Adults with Learning Disabilities. Rehabilitation Research Review #10.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Szuhay, Joseph A.; Williams, John M.

    The report reviews 415 documents (1969-1982) on rehabilitation of adults with learning disabilities (LD). The vast majority of the literature reviewed emphasizes LD in children and/or education. A summary of content focuses on five major topics (sample subtopics in parentheses): legislation and regulations (eligibility of LD individuals 16 and…

  5. Social and Emotional Development of Learning Disabled Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blanton, Gloria H.

    The social and emotional development of learning disabled students needs to be addressed in education programming effort. Social skills, which are essential to academic as well as social success, can be taught through such methods as role playing, games, grouping, puppetry, behavior modification, and problem-solving exercises. In addition,…

  6. Memory Profile of Children with Nonverbal Learning Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liddell, Glennis A.; Rasmussen, Carmen

    2005-01-01

    The aim of this study was to compare visual and verbal memory in children with nonverbal learning disability (NLD) using the Children's Memory Scale and to identify the profile of strengths and weaknesses in visual memory abilities. Performance was significantly lower on measures of visual than verbal memory, indicating that children with NLD have…

  7. Parent Involvement in Transition Planning for Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bailey, Shelley Henthorne

    2009-01-01

    Post-secondary education is a path that many individuals take after high school. For students with learning disabilities, post-secondary education is an attainable goal regardless of the academic difficulties they may face. In order to make a successful transition to postsecondary education, it is necessary that students, as well as parents are…

  8. Supplemental Algebra Vocabulary Instruction for Secondary Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stegall, Joanna Burns

    2013-01-01

    Vocabulary is vital for success in secondary content area curricula and students with learning disabilities often have limited vocabulary knowledge which inhibits their success in secondary-level content area classes. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the effects of an explicit algebra vocabulary intervention with graphic…

  9. The "Learning Disabilities to Juvenile Detention" Pipeline: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mallett, Christopher A.

    2014-01-01

    Adolescents becoming formally involved with a juvenile court because of school-related behavior and discipline problems is a phenomenon known as the school-to-prison pipeline. Adolescents with learning disabilities are disproportionately represented within this pipeline. A study was conducted to review the outcomes for a population of youthful…

  10. Modes of Imprinted Gene Action in Learning Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Isles, A. R.; Humby, T.

    2006-01-01

    Background: It is now widely acknowledged that there may be a genetic contribution to learning disability and neuropsychiatric disorders, stemming from evidence provided by family, twin and adoption studies, and from explicit syndromic conditions. Recently it has been recognized that in some cases the presentation of genetic syndromes (or discrete…

  11. Child Abuse: Growth Failure, IQ Deficit, and Learning Disability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Money, John

    1982-01-01

    The author reviews research on early deprivation and neglect and recounts his own experience with children whose dwarfism is attributed to abuse or neglect. The existence of specific learning disability and diminished IQ in many of these children is cited. The author suggests further attention to the problem. (CL)

  12. Reading and Learning-Disabled Children: Understanding the Problem

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Don; Martin, Magy; Carvalho, Kathleen

    2008-01-01

    In this article, the authors assess the evidence related to various instructional styles for teaching reading to children with learning disabilities. Results of the literature review indicate that whole language and direct instruction are the two major approaches to teaching reading. Whole language has proven successful for many students with…

  13. The Actuarial Turn in the Science of Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Danforth, Scot

    2011-01-01

    In the mid-1970s, Donald Hammill and his colleagues authored three scathing critiques of the two most trusted scientific traditions of learning disability treatment--movement education and psycholinguistic training (Hammill, 1972; Hammill & Larsen, 1974; Hammill, Goodman, & Wiederholt, 1974). These critical reviews of research rejected the older…

  14. Finding Their Voice: Group Therapy for Adolescents with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mishna, Faye

    1996-01-01

    Four boys and 4 girls (ages 13-17) with learning disabilities were interviewed upon completion of psychodynamic group therapy to obtain their perspectives of the group. Results indicate that the participants regarded the therapy as beneficial. The phenomenon of "mutual recognition" led to enhanced self-esteem and ability to relate to peers. (CR)

  15. Designing Online Instruction for Postsecondary Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simoncelli, Andrew; Hinson, Janice

    2010-01-01

    This research details the methodologies that could be used to better deliver online course content to students with learning disabilities. Research has shown how the design of the course affects the students' attitudes and performance. This article details the methodology and pedagogical side of the delivery including instructional methods that…

  16. Learning among Older Adults with Lifelong Intellectual Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boulton-Lewis, G. M.; Buys, L.; Tedman-Jones, J.

    2008-01-01

    This article includes a description of conceptions of aging and engagement with learning for 16 older people (52 to 80 years; mean age 62 years) with a lifelong intellectual disability. The sample also included the care workers and family member/friend. The older people had sufficient verbal skills to participate in the interviews. Half the sample…

  17. The Gross Motor Skills of Children with Mild Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nonis, Karen P.; Jernice, Tan Sing Yee

    2014-01-01

    Many international studies have examined the gross motor skills of children studying in special schools while local studies of such nature are limited. This study investigated the gross motor skills of children with Mild Learning Disabilities (MLD; n = 14, M age = 8.93 years, SD = 0.33) with the Test of Gross Motor Development-2 (TGMD-2, Ulrich,…

  18. Learning Disabilities in Adulthood: Persisting Problems and Evolving Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gerber, Paul J., Ed.; Reiff, Henry B., Ed.

    This book provides a multifaceted view of learning disabilities in adulthood through the efforts of many contributors who offer a diversity of perceptions and expertise. The focus spans from young to late adulthood and reflects state-of-the-art knowledge and the best practices of the field. The topic areas are clustered into psychological,…

  19. Teaching the History of Science to Students with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Appelget, Jeanne; Matthews, Catherine E.; Hildreth, David P.; Daniel, Michael L.

    2002-01-01

    This article offers a guide to teaching the history of science to students with learning disabilities and provides a lesson template designed to engage students in a specific science event from the past. Activities including hypothesis testing and an historical role-play teach the vocabulary of natural selection and evolution using the landmarked…

  20. Working with Learning Disabled Writers: Some Perspectives. Research to Practice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bardine, Bryan

    Although most learning disabled (LD) adult learners have a strong desire to enhance their writing skills, many obstacles hinder their success. Characteristics of LD students found in their writing or actions include the following: frustration; poor study/note taking skills; test anxiety; lack of social skills; a difficult time following oral…

  1. Identifying Specific Learning Disabilities: Legislation, Regulation, and Court Decisions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zumeta, Rebecca O.; Zirkel, Perry A.; Danielson, Louis

    2014-01-01

    Specific learning disability (SLD) identification and eligibility practices are evolving and sometimes contentious. This article describes the historical context and current status of the SLD definition, legislation, regulation, and case law related to the identification of students eligible for special education services. The first part traces…

  2. Teachers with Learning Disabilities: Modeling Coping Mechanisms in the Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flavian, Heidi

    2011-01-01

    Although schools are continuously improving their inclusion policies, the process of inclusion in society in general has not evolved accordingly--including in the teaching profession, itself. How can we, on the one hand, include individuals with learning disabilities throughout their school years, claiming that they can contribute to society in…

  3. The Uses of Hypnotherapy with Learning Disabled Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Lynn S.; And Others

    1981-01-01

    Explored the impact of group hypnotic and self-hypnotic training on the academic performance and self-esteem of learning disabled (LD) children. Important predictors of self-esteem improvement were the child's hypnotic susceptibility score and self-hypnotic practice by children and parents. Hypnotherapy is of potential benefit to self-esteem…

  4. Self-Advocacy: Empowerment for Adult Learners with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bates, Belinda, Ed.

    1997-01-01

    This issue of "Linkages" addresses skills that literacy programs can include in their curriculum to teach self-advocacy to adult learners with learning disabilities. Articles include: "Consumers Empowering Consumers" (Noel Gregg and Cheri Hoy); "Self-Advocacy: Practical Advice to the Adult with LD" (Pat Boyd); "Disclosure: It's a Matter of Choice"…

  5. A Normativist Account of Language-Based Learning Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tomblin, J. Bruce

    2006-01-01

    Research on learning disabilities (LD) depends upon a conceptual framework that specifies what it should explain, what kinds of data are needed, and how these data are to be arranged in order to provide a meaningful explanation. An argument is made that LD are no different in this respect than any other form of human illness. In this article, a…

  6. Use of the Dichotic Listening Technique with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Obrzut, John E.; Mahoney, Emery B.

    2011-01-01

    Dichotic listening (DL) techniques have been used extensively as a non-invasive procedure to assess language lateralization among children with and without learning disabilities (LD), and with individuals who have other auditory system related brain disorders. Results of studies using DL have indicated that language is lateralized in children with…

  7. The Apophasis of Limits: Genius, Madness, and Learning Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baker, Bernadette

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, the author sidles up to the "problema" of identifying children as having a learning disability (LD) in the USA to ascertain what an analysis of limping characters, limping readers and limping rhythms might teach individuals about justice. In much current educational literature children labelled LD circulate as "maimed individuals"…

  8. Identification of Early Risk Factors for Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stanton-Chapman, Tina L.; Chapman, Derek A.; Scott, Keith G.

    2001-01-01

    A study involving 244,610 children (ages 6-8) investigated birth risk factors for learning disabilities. Very low birth weight, low 5- minute Apgar score, and low maternal education were associated with highest individual-level risk. Low maternal education, late or no prenatal care, and tobacco use were associated with highest population-level…

  9. Employment Satisfaction of University Graduates with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Madaus, Joseph W.; Zhao, Jiarong; Ruban, Lilia

    2008-01-01

    Because of its significant impact on overall life satisfaction, employment satisfaction is one marker for determining successful adult outcomes. The present investigation reports the perceptions of employment satisfaction for 500 graduates with learning disabilities from three postsecondary institutions. The graduates reported high levels of…

  10. Performance Instability of Learning Disabled, Emotionally Handicapped, and Nonhandicapped Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fuchs, Douglas; And Others

    1986-01-01

    A study involving 50 educationally handicapped (EH), 37 learning disabled (LD), and 40 nonhandicapped (NH) children revealed that when measures were administered weekly over three consecutive weeks, NH subjects' variability was greater than either LD or EH subjects. When subjects were tested on three passages in one sitting, no reliable difference…

  11. Language Difference or Learning Disability? Answers from a Linguistic Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Case, Rod E.; Taylor, Shanon S.

    2005-01-01

    The population of children in the United States who require English as a second language (ESL) instruction increases every year. Among this diverse group of learners, which now exceeds four million, are learning disabled students. Their evaluation for special education services presents significant challenges to ESL, general education, and special…

  12. Effects of Multimedia Vocabulary Instruction on Adolescents with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kennedy, Michael J.; Deshler, Donald D.; Lloyd, John Wills

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this experimental study is to investigate the effects of using content acquisition podcasts (CAPs), an example of instructional technology, to provide vocabulary instruction to adolescents with and without learning disabilities (LD). A total of 279 urban high school students, including 30 with LD in an area related to reading, were…

  13. Rodin, Patton, Edison, Wilson, Einstein: Were They Really Learning Disabled?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adelman, Kimberly A.; Adelman, Howard S.

    1987-01-01

    The practice of posthumously diagnosing historical figures is discussed. Emphasis is on the unsatisfactory nature of evidence found for those diagnosed as learning-disabled or dyslexic and the possibility of other explanations for identified problems. Posthumous diagnoses of Auguste Rodin, George Patton, Thomas Edison, Woodrow Wilson, and Albert…

  14. Learning Disabilities: Debates on Definitions, Causes, Subtypes, and Responses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buttner, Gerhard; Hasselhorn, Marcus

    2011-01-01

    Students with difficulties in specific cognitive processes and academic achievement with otherwise normal levels of intellectual functioning are classified as having a learning disability (LD). In spite of extensive recent research in a number of disciplines, controversial debate continues with regard to several issues. To reconcile some of them…

  15. Pre-Kindergarten Prescriptive Teaching Program for Learning Disabled Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fargo Public Schools, ND.

    Presented is the pre-kindergarten prescriptive teaching program for learning disabled children including inventories and six instructional components: language arts, mathematics, science, health, motor skill development, and social experiences. Components consist of sequenced skills (identified as essential by kindergarten and first grade…

  16. Optimising Web Site Designs for People with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Peter; Hennig, Christian

    2015-01-01

    Much relevant internet-mediated information is inaccessible to people with learning disabilities because of difficulties in navigating the web. This paper reports on the methods undertaken to determine how information can be optimally presented for this cohort. Qualitative work is outlined where attributes relating to site layout affecting…

  17. Growth in Emotional Intelligence. Psychotherapy with a Learning Disabled Girl

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chantrell, Sue

    2009-01-01

    This paper describes the once-weekly psychoanalytic psychotherapy of a girl, called Ellie, aged eight at the start of her treatment. Ellie had a learning disability and displayed difficult behaviour at school and at home. In her therapy, Ellie grew in emotional intelligence, more in touch with and able to express her feelings. Her behaviour…

  18. A Social Interactional Analysis of Learning Disabilities Remediation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stone, C. Addison; Wertsch, James V.

    1984-01-01

    A framework for strategy remediation with learning disabled students is presented according to theories of Soviet psychologist L.S. Vygotsky. Excerpts from a remediation session with a seven-year-old are offered to illustrate the progression from other- to self-regulation. (CL)

  19. An Introduction to Savings Accounts for Learning Disabled Adolescents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGee, David W.

    1983-01-01

    A special unit on savings accounts was incorporated into a program designed to teach learning disabled adolescents skills for becoming self-sufficient adults. Sessions covered concepts and terminology, a brief history of banking, common ways of writing dates on banking forms, the importance of spelling numbers correctly, and the use of savings…

  20. Adult Learning Disabilities Screening Using an Internet-Administered Instrument

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lancaster, Sean; Mellard, Daryl

    2005-01-01

    Identifying individuals with specific learning disabilities (SLD) is a complex task, particularly for adult populations. Adult agencies such as vocational rehabilitative services or adult basic education often use different SLD definitions and criteria, are often understaffed, have limited resources, and have a shortage of staff trained on SLD…

  1. Adults with Learning Disabilities. ERIC Digest No. 189.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kerka, Sandra

    Thanks to increased advocacy and research, several major federal laws, and heightened awareness of the changing demands of the workplace, more attention is being focused on adults with learning disabilities (LD). There is still no consensus on definitions of LD. Estimates of the incidence of LD range from 5% to 20% of the population. Adults with…

  2. Problem-Based Learning Software for Students with Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cote, Debra

    2007-01-01

    When students are engaged in learning environments that allow for the practice of problem-solving skills, they are able to connect the classroom to the real world. Students with disabilities need to develop the skills of problem solving, and they need to know how to identify a problem, find the answer, and evaluate their choice. This article…

  3. 45 CFR 1308.14 - Eligibility criteria: Learning disabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Eligibility criteria: Learning disabilities. 1308.14 Section 1308.14 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, HEAD START PROGRAM HEAD...

  4. Online Learning and Students with Disabilities: Parent Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burdette, Paula J.; Greer, Diana L.

    2014-01-01

    While research has been conducted on parental involvement in K-12 online learning, none of this research relates specifically to the parents of students with disabilities. Thus, researchers developed a survey around the following constructs: parental roles, instruction and assessment, communication and support from the school, and parental…

  5. Cognitive and Emotional Factors in Children with Mathematical Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Passolunghi, Maria Chiara

    2011-01-01

    Emotional and cognitive factors were examined in 18 children with mathematical learning disabilities (MLD), compared with 18 normally achieving children, matched for chronological age, school level, gender and verbal IQ. Working memory, short-term memory, inhibitory processes, speed of processing and level of anxiety in mathematics were assessed…

  6. Advances in Learning and Behavioral Disabilities. Volume 9.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scruggs, Thomas E., Ed.; Mastropieri, Margo A., Ed.

    Advances in learning and behavioral disabilities are considered in this 10-chapter volume. Contents include: "Developmental Language Disorders and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder" (Cynthia A. Riccio and George W. Hynd); "Self-Regulated Strategy Development: A Theoretical and Practical Perspective" (Lisa P. Case et al.); "Mapping the…

  7. Attributional Style of Children with and without Specific Learning Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pasta, Tiziana; Mendola, Manuela; Longobardi, Claudio; Prino, Laura Elvira; Gastaldi, Francesca Giovanna Maria

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: The literature highlights that pupils with Specific Learning Disability (SLD) often reveal a poor meta-cognitive system, with low levels of attribution to internal factors like diligence and personal skill, and high levels of attribution to external factors like ease of task, luck or help from others. Methods: This study aims to…

  8. Identifying Learning Disabled Students with a Selected Psychoeducational Test Battery.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fisk, Robert A.; Janzen, Henry L.

    1981-01-01

    The major conclusions to be drawn from this study were that a battery of four psychoeducational measures was somewhat of a failure in predicting group membership in the learning disability category, and that while teachers were good at predicting academic achievement, they were less effective at predicting personality and psychological variables.…

  9. AT Advocates Tackle Attitudes & Education towards Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, John M.

    2006-01-01

    Learning disabilities are present in 10 percent of the population, and the condition is defined as, "A disorder in basic psychological processes involved in understanding or using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell or use mathematical calculations". In this…

  10. Identifying and Remediating the Subtraction Errors of Learning Disabled Adolescents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skrtic, Thomas M.; And Others

    1983-01-01

    An example is provided of remediation activities for learning disabled adolescents having a specific computation difficulty with place value and the subtraction with regrouping algorhythm. A seven-day remediation procedure, which may be used with the other basic operations, fades from the concrete to the symbolic mode. (CL)

  11. Hearing Problems in the Learning Disability Population: Is Anybody Listening?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McClimens, Alex; Brennan, Siobhan; Hargreaves, Pauline

    2015-01-01

    We undertook this project because we believed that hearing loss experienced by the target population was greater than the referral figures suggested. Therefore, we set up a trial service initiative designed to examine the efficacy of different referral routes into audiology services for adults with learning disability. This retrospective analysis…

  12. Narratives of Success: Learning Disabled Students in University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Litner, Bluma; Mann-Feder, Varda; Guerard, Ghislaine

    2005-01-01

    This article presents the results of a qualitative study which examined the experiences of students with learning disabilities who had managed to reach university. The purpose was to identify factors in the lives of these students that, from their own accounts, had promoted academic success despite the high failure rates that are typical for this…

  13. Learning Disabilities: A National Responsibility. Summit on Learning Disabilities (Washington, D.C., September 20-21, 1994). [Videotapes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center for Learning Disabilities, Inc., New York, NY.

    Four videocassettes provide the presentations and discussion of four panels from a 1994 summit on the nation's responsibility in relation to individuals with learning disabilities. Each panel examined issues of research, public policy and legislation, good practices, and consumer interest within its area of concentration. The first panel was on…

  14. Triadic Moral Learning and Disability Awareness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leicester, Mal

    2011-01-01

    Since moral action often requires understanding the nature of justice and the development of empathy and compassion, moral education involves the learner's intellect, emotions and will. The lifelong learning involved is thus multifaceted and plausibly benefits from the integration of personal and political with professional learning. I explore…

  15. Ontology-Driven Disability-Aware E-Learning Personalisation with ONTODAPS

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nganji, Julius T.; Brayshaw, Mike; Tompsett, Brian

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to show how personalisation of learning resources and services can be achieved for students with and without disabilities, particularly responding to the needs of those with multiple disabilities in e-learning systems. The paper aims to introduce ONTODAPS, the Ontology-Driven Disability-Aware Personalised…

  16. Healthcare for Men and Women with Learning Disabilities: Understanding Inequalities in Access

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Redley, Marcus; Banks, Carys; Foody, Karen; Holland, Anthony

    2012-01-01

    Healthcare for men and women with learning disabilities (known internationally as intellectual disabilities) has risen up the political agenda in the United Kingdom, propelled by a report from the charity Mencap. This report has resulted in renewed efforts, set out in "Valuing People Now", to ensure that people with learning disabilities receive…

  17. The Legal Context for Serving Students with Learning Disabilities in Postsecondary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keenan, Walter R.; Shaw, Stan F.

    2011-01-01

    The legal basis for serving students with learning disabilities at the K-12 level is predominantly derived from the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). This federal law provides for substantive education support for students with learning disabilities through an Individualized Educational Program (IEP). However, because the IDEA…

  18. But It's Not All about the Sex: Mothering, Normalisation and Young Learning Disabled People

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rogers, Chrissie

    2010-01-01

    This paper is about mothering, young learning disabled people, their sexualised and relationship lives and normalisation--not through the lens of the disabled person, but via a mothers perspective and theoretical discussion. As a mother who has a learning disabled daughter, a feminist and an academic my own mothering experience, my Ph.D. research…

  19. Campus Response to Learning Disabled. Academic Adjustments and Role of Faculty.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmidt, Marlin R.

    The role of the faculty in helping the learning disabled student succeed on campus is discussed. It is suggested that faculty members who reject the learning disabled are at one end of the spectrum, while the faculty members who treat the disability as incidental while providing assistance are at the other end. The rejecting faculty member may…

  20. Learning Styles: Implications for Curriculum and Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ast, Harley J.

    The identification of students' learning styles and the subsequent correlation of them with teaching styles have important implications for curricula and instruction. The cognitive, affective, and physiological aspects of learning style are based on genetic structure and personality and are affected by the individual's developmental and…

  1. Guidelines for Documentation of Learning Disabilities A learning disability is a disorder which affects the manner in which individuals with average or

    E-print Network

    Hamburger, Peter

    - and long- term memory, sequential memory, auditory and visual perception/processing, processing speed) mustGuidelines for Documentation of Learning Disabilities A learning disability is a disorder which Batteries, is preferred. Information Processing: Specific areas of information processing (e.g. short

  2. Psychotropic drug prescribing in child and adolescent learning disability psychiatry.

    PubMed

    Bramble, David

    2007-07-01

    This postal questionnaire study investigated the prescribing practices of a group of senior British psychiatrists who have responsibilities for children and adolescents with learning disabilities (mental retardation). The study revealed that all of the clinicians surveyed (n = 16) were prescribing psychotropic medication; psychostimulants and major tranquillizers represented the most frequently prescribed classes and, respectively, methylphenidate, risperidone, melatonin, sodium valproate and carbamazepine were the most frequently employed specific agents. Most patients were receiving monotherapy. Many (14/16) clinicians reported difficulties in shared-care prescribing arrangements with General Practitioners. The study concludes that psychopharmacology is an established part of the psychiatric management of learning disabled children but acknowledges the need for the elaboration of clinical governance standards to this area of practice. PMID:17446203

  3. Wage differentials between college graduates with and without learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Dickinson, David L; Verbeek, Roelant L

    2002-01-01

    Wage differential studies examining legally protected groups typically focus on gender or racial differences. Legislation also fully protects individuals with learning disabilities (LD). This article is the first to decompose wage differentials between adults with and without LD. An original data set of college graduates with documented LD was constructed, and these individuals were compared to a control group from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY). Our results show that much of the observed lower wages for individuals with LD is due to differences in productivity characteristics. However, there is an unexplained portion of the wage gap that could possibly be considered wage discrimination against individuals with LD. This possibility seems smaller due to the fact that the subsample of the employers who knew of the employee's learning disabilities did not appear to pay significantly lower wages to these individuals. Alternative hypotheses are discussed, as are sample-specific issues. PMID:15490744

  4. Universal Design for Learning: Critical Need Areas for People with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strobel, Wendy; Arthanat, Sajay; Bauer, Stephen; Flagg, Jennifer

    2007-01-01

    The primary market research outlined in this paper was conducted by the Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center on Technology Transfer to identify critical technology needs for people with learning disabilities. Based on the research conducted, the underlying context of these technology needs is Universal Design for Learning (UDL). The paper…

  5. Effects of the Learning Opportunities Task Force (LOTF) Programs on Postsecondary Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harrison, Allyson G.; Areepattamannil, Shaljan; Freeman, John

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the effects of participation in the Learning Opportunities Task Force (LOTF) programs on postsecondary students with learning disabilities (LDs). Data regarding 969 students from 6 colleges and 4 universities in Ontario were evaluated to investigate rates of academic success and increased self-awareness. Participants had a…

  6. Students with Learning Disabilities in the Foreign Language Learning Environment and the Practice of Exemption

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wight, Mary Caitlin S.

    2015-01-01

    This examination of the literature on foreign, or second, language learning by native English-speaking students with disabilities addresses the benefits of language learning, the practices and policies of language exemption, the perceptions of students and educators regarding those practices, and available resources for supporting students with…

  7. Music for Children with Reading Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moyer, Betsy G.

    Described is a music program for students with reading learning disabilites. It is explained that the program was designed to teach fundamental music skills, to teach visual/motor and auditory skills through music activities, and to evaluate the effect of music skill development on language reading skills. The daily routine of music exercises,…

  8. Emotional false memories in children with learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Mirandola, Chiara; Losito, Nunzia; Ghetti, Simona; Cornoldi, Cesare

    2014-02-01

    Research has shown that children with learning disabilities (LD) are less prone to evince associative illusions of memory as a result of impairments in their ability to engage in semantic processing. However, it is unclear whether this observation is true for scripted life events, especially if they include emotional content, or across a broad spectrum of learning disabilities. The present study addressed these issues by assessing recognition memory for script-like information in children with nonverbal learning disability (NLD), children with dyslexia, and typically developing children (N=51). Participants viewed photographs about 8 common events (e.g., family dinner), and embedded in each episode was either a negative or a neutral consequence of an unseen action. Children's memory was then tested on a yes/no recognition task that included old and new photographs. Results showed that the three groups performed similarly in recognizing target photographs, but exhibited differences in memory errors. Compared to other groups, children with NLD were more likely to falsely recognize photographs that depicted an unseen cause of an emotional seen event and associated more "Remember" responses to these errors. Children with dyslexia were equally likely to falsely recognize both unseen causes of seen photographs and photographs generally consistent with the script, whereas the other participant groups were more likely to falsely recognize unseen causes rather than script-consistent distractors. Results are interpreted in terms of mechanisms underlying false memories' formation in different clinical populations of children with LD. PMID:24295924

  9. Perceptual and academic patterns of learning-disabled/gifted students.

    PubMed

    Waldron, K A; Saphire, D G

    1992-04-01

    This research explored ways gifted children with learning disabilities perceive and recall auditory and visual input and apply this information to reading, mathematics, and spelling. 24 learning-disabled/gifted children and a matched control group of normally achieving gifted students were tested for oral reading, word recognition and analysis, listening comprehension, and spelling. In mathematics, they were tested for numeration, mental and written computation, word problems, and numerical reasoning. To explore perception and memory skills, students were administered formal tests of visual and auditory memory as well as auditory discrimination of sounds. Their responses to reading and to mathematical computations were further considered for evidence of problems in visual discrimination, visual sequencing, and visual spatial areas. Analyses indicated that these learning-disabled/gifted students were significantly weaker than controls in their decoding skills, in spelling, and in most areas of mathematics. They were also significantly weaker in auditory discrimination and memory, and in visual discrimination, sequencing, and spatial abilities. Conclusions are that these underlying perceptual and memory deficits may be related to students' academic problems. PMID:1594421

  10. Understanding and Managing Learning Disabilities in Adults. Professional Practices in Adult Education and Human Resource Development Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jordan, Dale R.

    This book reviews learning disabilities (LD) in adults and makes suggestions for helping adults cope with these disabilities. Each chapter covers a type of learning disability or related syndrome or explains characteristics of the brain. Chapter 1 explains several types of specific learning disabilities that make classroom performance difficult…

  11. The 2008 Amendments to the Americans with Disabilities Act: Implications for Student Affairs Practitioners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burke, Lisa A.; Friedl, John; Rigler, Michelle

    2010-01-01

    The Americans with Disabilities Act Amendments Act (ADAAA), which became effective at the beginning of 2009, is poised to have potentially wide-reaching implications for higher education. The article reviews the recent amendments to the original Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) (1990), summarizes the relevant Supreme Court cases that have…

  12. The Movement for Independent Living: Origins, Ideology, and Implications for Disability Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeJong, Gerben

    The paper designed to evaluate independent living for handicapped persons as a social movement, analyze the movement's expression in disability services, and consider the movement's implications for disability research. An initial section recounts the movement's constituency, origins, legislative history, and its relationship to such social…

  13. Teaching generatively: Learning about disorders and disabilities.

    PubMed

    Alter, Margaret M; Borrero, John C

    2015-01-01

    Stimulus equivalence procedures have been used to teach course material in higher education in the laboratory and in the classroom. The current study was a systematic replication of Walker, Rehfeldt, and Ninness (2010), who used a stimulus equivalence procedure to train information pertaining to 12 disorders. Specifically, we conducted (a) a written posttest immediately after each training unit and (b) booster training sessions for poor performers. Results showed immediate improvement from pretest to posttest scores after training, but problems with maintenance were noted in the final examination. Implications of poor maintenance are discussed in the context of the current study and stimulus equivalence research in higher education generally. PMID:25917124

  14. Faculty Knowledge of Disability Law: Implications for Higher Education Practice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Villarreal, Pedro, III

    The number of students with disabilities entering higher education continues to increase, and there is a concomitant rise in the number of disability accommodation grievances filed in institutions, with the U.S. Office of Civil Rights, and through the legal court system. It is important that faculty members know about disability law. Faculty…

  15. Working Memory Functioning in Children with Learning Disabilities: Does Intelligence Make a Difference?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maehler, Claudia; Schuchardt, K.

    2009-01-01

    Background: Children with learning disabilities are identified by their severe learning problems and their deficient school achievement. On the other hand, children with sub-average school achievement "and" sub-average intellectual development are thought to suffer from a general intellectual delay rather than from specific learning disabilities.…

  16. Parallels between Learning Disabilities and Fetal Alcohol Syndrome/Effect: No Need To Reinvent the Wheel.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Carol L.; Lapadat, Judith C.

    2000-01-01

    A survey of the research and practice literatures on learning disabilities and on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome/Effect revealed parallels in learning characteristics, as well as in the recommended interventions. Based on these parallels, an adolescent with Fetal Alcohol received intervention. Teaching strategies for students with learning disabilities

  17. Cooperative Group, Risk-Taking and Inclusion of Pupils with Learning Disabilities in Physical Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andre, Amael; Louvet, Benoit; Deneuve, Pascale

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this research was to study the impact of cooperative learning on changes in cooperative behaviours and acceptance amongst pupils with learning disabilities related to risk-taking. One hundred and sixty-eight French first year middle school pupils participated in this study. Thirty-six pupils with learning disabilities were mainstreamed…

  18. Disabilities and e-Learning Problems and Solutions: An Exploratory Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fichten, Catherine S.; Ferraro, Vittoria; Asuncion, Jennison V.; Chwojka, Caroline; Barile, Maria; Nguyen, Mai N.; Klomp, Ryan; Wolforth, Joan

    2009-01-01

    This study explored e-learning problems and solutions reported by 223 students with disabilities, 58 campus disability service providers, 28 professors, and 33 e-learning professionals from Canadian colleges and universities. All four groups indicated, via online questionnaires, problems with: accessibility of websites and course/learning

  19. All Kinds of Minds: A Phenomenological Study of Adult Learners Living with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winn, James Bates

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this phenomenological study is to describe and better understand the meaning, structure, and essence of the experience of learning for adults labeled with learning disabilities as perceived by adults labeled with a "learning disability." Through a purposeful sampling method, six participants were chosen to participate in recorded…

  20. Enhancing the Academic Skills of Adolescent Students with Learning Disabilities through Computer-Assisted Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Lex

    A study was conducted at the Cumberland Campus of Nova Scotia Community College to determine the effect of a computer-based learning system on the academic and personal growth of adolescents with learning disabilities. Eleven learning disabled students, with an average age of 16.1 years, and one observer were chosen to participate in an 8-week…

  1. Medical education and disability discrimination: the law and future implications.

    PubMed

    Helms, L B; Helms, C M

    1994-07-01

    Students with disabilities who are preparing for careers in health care have been in the forefront of those bringing suit under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. Passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act in 1990 broadened discrimination statutes and renewed attention to students with disabilities in medical education. Based on an analysis of the statutes and case law, the courts in conjunction with medical educators may be expected to refine policies to identify (1) when physicians with disabilities are otherwise qualified; (2) what the essential tasks performed by physicians are; (3) what accommodations to disabled students are reasonable; and (4) how communications about disabilities between program administrators, faculty, and students should be carried out. To ensure that physicians with disabilities are welcome and productive members of the profession, policy must expand from the legal foundation by means of proactive planning and evaluation to minimize the risks of litigation and enhance the environment of medical education. PMID:8018258

  2. A Handbook of Issues, Methods, and Software Evaluations Using Technology with Learning Disabled Adults in

    E-print Network

    Emmons, Scott

    A Handbook of Issues, Methods, and Software Evaluations Using Technology with Learning Disabled .......................................................................................................................................... 9 PART THREE Computer Skills Assessment ...................................................................................... 66 PART SIX Ergonomics .............................................................

  3. E-Learning Implications for Adult Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Criu, Roxana; Ceobanu, Ciprian

    2013-01-01

    If a few decades ago, "the education received in school could be in most of the cases enough to go with for the rest of one's entire life," today the situation has changed dramatically. The individual has to be prepared for a new type of life and training, namely lifelong learning. The individual's survival in society could…

  4. Explicit Memory among Individuals with Mild and Moderate Intellectual Disability: Educational Implications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lifshitz, Hefziba; Shtein, Sarit; Weiss, Itzhak; Svisrsky, Naama

    2011-01-01

    We previously reported a meta-analysis of explicit memory studies in populations with intellectual disability (ID). The current study discusses the educational implications of this meta-analysis. The main factors at the core of these implications can be divided into two categories: those related to task characteristics (e.g., depth of processing,…

  5. An Evaluation of the Disabled Students Learning Project at Deakin University.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gough, J. Eric; McBeath, Clare

    A project to adapt learning materials and provide support services for severely disabled persons 22-76 years old in Australia is described and evaluation data presented. Disabilities of the eight students included total blindness, severe physical disability, and partial deafness. Three courses were chosen for adaptation: "Images of…

  6. Disability and Development: The Role of Language and E-Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mahama, Edward Salifu

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: In spite of extensive literature on disability studies, little has been done on disability and development, more so the role of language and learning technologies in all of this. The purpose of this paper therefore is to focus on the crucial role language plays in the inclusion or exclusion of people with disabilities in development and…

  7. Meeting the Needs of English Language Learners with Learning Disabilities in the General Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garcia, Shernaz B.; Tyler, Brenda-Jean

    2010-01-01

    To be academically successful in general education classrooms, English language learners (ELLs) with learning disabilities (LD) need instruction that is simultaneously responsive to their disability, English language status, and culture. Because the majority of students with LD have reading disabilities, ESL and classroom teachers must be familiar…

  8. Confidence to Manage Learning: The Self-Efficacy for Self-Regulated Learning of Early Adolescents with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klassen, Robert M.

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the self-efficacy for self-regulated learning of 146 early adolescents with and without learning disabilities (LD). Results from the study showed that a 7-item self-regulatory efficacy measure demonstrated factorial invariance for the adolescent sample and also for a validation sample of 208 undergraduates with and without LD.…

  9. Research Approaches to Studying the Link Between Learning Disabilities and Juvenile Delinquency

    E-print Network

    Hazel, J. Stephen; Schumaker, Jean B.; Deshler, Donald D.

    1980-01-01

    A relationship between learning disabilities and juvenile delinquency has been hypothesized for a period of time. Research on this relationship has been clouded with methodological difficulties. These problems include the definitions of learning...

  10. Multiculturalism, Religion, and Disability: Implications for Special Education Practitioners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blanks, A. Brooke; Smith, J. David

    2009-01-01

    Religious beliefs permeate many aspects of culture. Often, however, educators are reluctant to discuss religious beliefs when working with children with developmental and intellectual disabilities and their families. Ignoring the salience of religious teachings about the nature and meaning of disabilities as they relate to both individuals and…

  11. Work-Based Learning for Adolescents with Learning Disabilities: Creating a Context for Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Versnel, Joan; Hutchinson, Nancy L.; Munby, Hugh; Chin, Peter

    2008-01-01

    This paper describes cases of two adolescents with learning disabilities working in automotive repair businesses as part of a work-based education program. Neither adolescent was judged to have been successful by the workplace supervisors. The frameworks chosen for analyzing these cases draw upon recent work in self-determination, workplace…

  12. Cognitive Phenotype of Mathematical Learning Disabilities: What Can We Learn from Siblings?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Desoete, Annemie; Praet, Magda; Titeca, Daisy; Ceulemans, Annelies

    2013-01-01

    The sensitivity of number sense as cognitive phenotype for mathematical learning disabilities (MLD) was assessed in siblings of children with MLD (n = 9) and age matched children without family members with MLD (n = 63). A number line estimation paradigm was used as a measure of children's early number sense. In line with the triple code model of…

  13. Using Learning-Strategies Instruction with Students Who Are Gifted and Learning Disabled

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bisland, Amy

    2004-01-01

    Regardless of prevalence, students who are gifted and learning disabled do exist in America's public schools, and they have unique needs that must be met through our education system (Bees, 1998). Special education teachers, regular education teachers, and teachers of the gifted should be aware of the unique characteristics of students who are…

  14. Learning Disability Liaison Nursing Services in South East Scotland:A mixed methods impact and ouotcome research study 

    E-print Network

    MacArthur, Juliet; Brown, Michael; Hayes, Matt; Mack, Siobhan; McKechanie, Andrew; Fletcher, Joan; Gibbs, Susie; Wilkinson, Heather

    To explore and identify the impact of Learning Disability Liaison Nursing (LDLN) Services in NHS Lothian, Forth Valley, Borders and Fife on the healthcare experiences of people with a learning disability attending for ...

  15. Learning Disability Liaising Nursing Services in South East Scotland: A mixed methods impact and outcome research study 

    E-print Network

    MacArthur, Juliet; Brown, Michael; Hayes, Matt; Mack, Siobhan; McKechanie, Andrew; Fletcher, Joan; Gibbs, Susie; Wilkinson, Heather

    To explore and identify the impact of Learning Disability Liaison Nursing (LDLN) Services in NHS Lothian, Forth Valley, Borders and Fife on the healthcare experiences of people with a learning disability attending for ...

  16. An Epidemiological Study of Learning Disabled Adolescents in Secondary Schools: Achievement and Ability, Socioeconomic Status, and School Experiences

    E-print Network

    Warner, Michael M.; Alley, Gordon R.; Schumaker, Jean B.; Deshler, Donald D.; Clark, Frances L.

    1980-01-01

    In recent years, professionals in the field of learning disabilities have begun to address the impact of learning disabilities on adolescents and young adults. Although substantial attention has been directed to the ...

  17. Validation of the Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale, Second Edition (RCMAS-2) Scores for Children with Specific Learning Disabilities

    E-print Network

    Raad, Jennifer Marie

    2013-08-31

    Specific learning disabilities are one of the most common and debilitating disorders experienced by children and adolescents, and students with specific learning disabilities may be particularly vulnerable to anxiety. The Revised Children's Manifest...

  18. Stress, Depression, and Suicide among Students with Learning Disabilities: Assessing the Risk.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bender, William N.; Rosenkrans, Cecilia B.; Crane, Mary-Kay

    1999-01-01

    Research is reviewed on stress, depression, and suicide among adolescents with learning disabilities from the risk resilience perspective. Adolescents with nonverbal learning disabilities and/or those who are less academically adept manifest higher rates of depression. Some evidence also exists to support an increased risk of suicide among this…

  19. Symbols Can Improve the Reading Comprehension of Adults with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, F. W.; Long, K.; Finlay, W. M. L.

    2007-01-01

    Background: This study aimed to test the hypothesis that adding symbols to written text can improve its comprehensibility for adults with learning disabilities. Methods: Nineteen adults with mild or borderline learning disabilities attempted to read four short passages of text, two of which had Widgit Rebus symbols added to them. Following each…

  20. Comparison of Visual-Spatial Performance Strategy Training in Children with Turner Syndrome and Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Janet K.; And Others

    1992-01-01

    Thirteen females with Turner syndrome, 13 females with nonverbal learning disabilities, and 14 males with nonverbal learning disabilities, ages 7-14, were taught via a cognitive behavioral modification approach to verbally mediate a spatial matching task. All three groups showed significant task improvement after the training, with no significant…

  1. Beyond Instruction; Beyond a Website: Distance Learning, Disability Inclusiveness and Changing Workplace Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rudstam, Hannah; Gower, Wendy Strobel

    2012-01-01

    Often, the aim of distance learning (DL) is to enhance individual learning, not to change workplace practices. Changing organizational policies, practices and behaviors related to disability calls for a different DL approach that engages users and contextualizes knowledge. In the disability arena, there is a need for programming that brings about…

  2. The Experiences of Children with Learning Disabilities, Their Carers and Staff during a Hospital Admission

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Freddy Jackson; Guvenir, Jane

    2009-01-01

    Government policy is that people with learning disabilities should have their healthcare needs met by mainstream services. This study interviewed the carers of 13 children with learning disabilities admitted to hospital for a period longer than 24 h. Nursing staff and two children were also interviewed. Five themes were identified as having a…

  3. ICT for Adults with Learning Disabilities: An Organisation-Wide Audit.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aspinall, Ann; Hegarty, John R.

    2001-01-01

    Describes a survey of microcomputer use for adults with learning disability within The Home Farm Trust, a United Kingdom national organization for people with learning disability that was carried out in light of a planned organization-wide initiative to introduce modern information and communications technology to service users. (Author/LRW)

  4. Blind Evaluation of Body Reflexes and Motor Skills in Learning Disability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Freides, David; And Others

    1980-01-01

    Twelve 6 to 10 year old boys with learning disability were blindly compared with paired controls on measures of postural and equilibrium reflexes as well as skills. Learning disabled children as a group showed significant deficits on all measures; a few, however, were totally without deficit. (Author/SBH)

  5. A Multidisciplinary Approach to Learning Disability: Handbook for the Classroom Teacher.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newton, Jerry, Ed.

    Designed to help teachers better understand the problems of learning disabled (LD) child, the manual explains the basic causes of LD and presents solutions to problems professionals face in working with this population. The manual contains the following chapters and authors: "The Teacher with a Learning Disabled Child," (P. Ackerman), "The…

  6. Sally Smith's Arts-Based and Integrated Curricular Approach to Educating Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Durham, Jennifer

    2010-01-01

    Founded in 1967, The Lab School of Washington (LSW) has been educating students with learning disabilities using an arts-based curriculum for over 50 years. Sally Smith originally started the school out of frustration with the inability of traditional educational environments to reach her intelligent, but learning disabled, young son and others…

  7. A Family Fitness Program for Children with Learning Disabilities in Remote Rural Regions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hopper, Chris; Munoz, Kathy D.; MacConnie, Susan; Gruber, Mary B.

    1998-01-01

    Physical fitness of children with learning disabilities may be comparatively low. In a school-university cooperative program, four rural children with learning disabilities and their families participated in a 10-week fitness program that included nutrition education and family exercise activities. Results were positive and showed the need for…

  8. Young People with Harmful Sexual Behaviour: Do Those with Learning Disabilities Form a Distinct Subgroup?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Almond, Louise; Giles, Susan

    2008-01-01

    The study examines 102 young people with Learning Disabilities (n = 51) and without a learning disability (NLD; n = 51) to explore ways in which LD young people with harmful sexual behaviours (HSB) should be recognized as a subgroup requiring specialized treatment and intervention. Throughout this comparison of perpetrator, victim and abuse…

  9. PIC Profiles for Learning-Disabled and Behavior-Disordered Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goh, David S.; And Others

    1984-01-01

    Compared the performance of learning-disabled and behavior-disordered children (N=60) on the Personality Inventory for Children (PIC). Results showed that learning-disabled and behavior-disordered children could be differentiated clearly on subtests that comprise the cognitive development and conduct disorder factors. However, less differentiation…

  10. Interinformant Agreement of the Dementia Questionnaire for People with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker, Brigid; MacBryer, Shona; Jones, Alan; Law, Jim

    2015-01-01

    Because of difficulties with neuropsychological assessments for dementia in people with learning disabilities, professionals in clinical practice have relied heavily on carer interviews, one of the most widely used being the "Dementia Questionnaire for People with Learning Disabilities" (DLD-Evenhuis et al. 2006 "Dementia…

  11. Recognition, Expression, and Understanding Facial Expressions of Emotion in Adolescents with Nonverbal and General Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bloom, Elana; Heath, Nancy

    2010-01-01

    Children with nonverbal learning disabilities (NVLD) have been found to be worse at recognizing facial expressions than children with verbal learning disabilities (LD) and without LD. However, little research has been done with adolescents. In addition, expressing and understanding facial expressions is yet to be studied among adolescents with LD…

  12. Planned Pregnancy, Planned Parenting: Enabling Choice for Adults with a Learning Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conder, Jennifer; Mirfin-Veitch, Brigit; Sanders, Jackie; Munford, Robyn

    2011-01-01

    For adults with learning disabilities, becoming a parent can fulfil childhood dreams to take their place in society through a highly valued social role. Recent research aimed at describing the experience of parents with a learning disability suggests that there are barriers to successful planning for both pregnancy and parenthood. However, with…

  13. School-Related Stress and Depression in Adolescents with and without Learning Disabilities: An Exploratory Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feurer, D. Paige; Andrews, Jac J. W.

    2009-01-01

    This study examined school-related stress and depression in adolescents with and without learning disabilities. A total of 87 students (38 learning-disabled and 49 nondisabled) from secondary schools in Calgary completed questionnaires on depressive symptoms and on school-related stress. Results indicated that the adolescents with LD reported…

  14. Transition and Students with Learning Disabilities: Facilitating the Movement from School to Adult Life.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patton, James R., Ed.; Blalock, Ginger, Ed.

    Eleven chapters provide in-depth perspectives on outcomes and issues of youth with learning disabilities as they move from high school to adulthood. Stressed throughout is the importance of comprehensive transition planning and the educational, employment, social, and living options available to persons with learning disabilities. Chapter titles…

  15. Strategies for Overcoming Barriers to Training and Education for Canadians with Disabilities. Lessons in Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Canadian Council on Learning, 2009

    2009-01-01

    If stronger skills and more education are key to greater labour force participation, then it is important to identify critical barriers to education and training for Canadians with disabilities. In 2008, the Canadian Council on Learning's Adult Learning Knowledge Centre funded a "Community Outreach Initiative for Learner's with Disabilities" that…

  16. Working with the Support Network: Applying Systemic Practice in Learning Disabilities Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jenkins, Rosemary; Parry, Rhonwen

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to present a model of practice termed "Network Training" which describes a structured approach to working with the network of support around an individual with learning disabilities. Within learning disability services there are many contexts in which the support system has opportunities to come together. For example,…

  17. Setting up and Running a Loss and Bereavement Support Group for Adults with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boyden, Paul; Freeman, Adele; Offen, Liz

    2010-01-01

    Following evidence based literature, the Birmingham Clinical Psychology Service for People with Learning Disabilities ran a Loss and Bereavement Psychotherapy Group. The group consisted of five adults with mild learning disabilities, who met for 8 consecutive weeks. This paper reports the process of setting up a bereavement group for people with…

  18. Impact of Chess Training on Mathematics Performance and Concentration Ability of Children with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scholz, Markus; Niesch, Harald; Steffen, Olaf; Ernst, Baerbel; Loeffler, Markus; Witruk, Evelin; Schwarz, Hans

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this study is to evaluate the benefit of chess in mathematics lessons for children with learning disabilities based on lower intelligence (IQ 70-85). School classes of four German schools for children with learning disabilities were randomly assigned to receive one hour of chess lesson instead of one hour of regular mathematics lessons…

  19. A Cognitive Behavioural Intervention for Dental Anxiety for People with Learning Disabilities: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prangnell, Simon J.; Green, Karen

    2008-01-01

    Dental anxiety is a common form of anxiety problem, and research suggests that more people with learning disabilities experience dental anxiety than in the general population. Very little work has been done to investigate effective non-medical approaches for supporting people with a learning disability and dental anxiety to access dental care.…

  20. Meeting the Cancer Information Needs of People with Learning Disabilities: Experiences of Paid Carers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Amelia; Tuffrey-Wijne, Irene; Bernal, Jane; Butler, Gary; Hollins, Sheila

    2007-01-01

    This paper reports on one of the findings of a small study that aimed to explore how people with learning disabilities accessed and were supported to use a pictorial cancer information book. Five people with learning disabilities who were affected by cancer and their paid carers participated in the study. Support staff in the study were the people…

  1. Addressing Health Inequities: Coronary Heart Disease Training within Learning Disabilities Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holly, Deirdre; Sharp, John

    2014-01-01

    People with learning disabilities are at increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). Research suggests this may be due to inequalities in health status and inequities in the way health services respond to need. Little is known about the most effective way to improve health outcomes for people with learning disabilities. A previously developed…

  2. Theoretical Structure of Career Maturity for Rural Adolescents with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rojewski, Jay W.

    1993-01-01

    Rural high school students (32 with learning disabilities and 40 nondisabled) were compared on career maturity. Results indicated that learning-disabled students were less mature on both career attitude and competencies. The underlying structure of subjects' attitude was distinguished by Involvement and Independence. In the competence area, the…

  3. Educational and Occupational Aspirations of High School Seniors with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rojewski, Jay W.

    1996-01-01

    Using data from the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988, this study found that high school seniors with learning disabilities held lower aspirations than peers for both educational and occupational outcomes. No practical gender differences were found for students with learning disabilities. (DB)

  4. Evaluation and Effectiveness of Pain Recognition and Management Training for Staff Working in Learning Disability Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mackey, Ellen; Dodd, Karen

    2011-01-01

    Following Beacroft & Dodd's (2009) audit of pain recognition and management within learning disability services in Surrey, it was recommended that learning disability services should receive training in pain recognition and management. Two hundred and seventy-five services were invited to participate, of which 197 services in Surrey accepted and…

  5. Exploring the Self-concept of Adults with Mild Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pestana, Claudio

    2015-01-01

    This qualitative study aimed to add to the research on the self-concept of adults with mild learning disabilities and to generate a deeper understanding of their self-perceptions rather than draw generalised quantitative conclusions. Eight adults diagnosed with mild learning disabilities receiving support from a supported living project were…

  6. In Business: Developing the Self Employment Option for People with Learning Disabilities. Programme Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bates, Keith

    2009-01-01

    People with learning disabilities have talents and skills, but rarely do they get the chance to start their own business. In Business was designed to challenge this and to make self employment a realistic option for some by setting out to support and capture the journey to business for people with a learning disability and those who support them.…

  7. Social Anxiety among Arab Adolescents with and without Learning Disabilities in Various Educational Frameworks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peleg, Ora

    2011-01-01

    The aim of the current study is to examine differences in social anxiety between learning disabled (LD) and non-learning disabled (non-LD) students, taking into account educational placement. The present research is the first to consider the above relations among Christian Arab adolescents living in Israel as an Eastern collectivist minority. On…

  8. Effects of an Intervention on Math Achievement for Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kitchens, Vivian D.

    2012-01-01

    Students with learning disabilities score lower than other at-risk groups on state standardized assessment tests. Educators are searching for intervention strategies to improve math achievement for students with learning disabilities. Using the theoretical framework of behaviorism, the purpose of this quantitative one group pre post test design…

  9. "Sad, Just Sad": A Woman with a Learning Disability Experiencing Bereavement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Campbell, Alison; Bell, Dorothy

    2011-01-01

    This case study considers the psychological assessment, formulation and treatment of Hannah, a woman with a learning disability who recently experienced the death of her mother. Death still remains a challenging and often taboo subject. Moreover, when the grief is of a person with a learning disability, this combines with underlying difficulties…

  10. WISC-R Subtest Pattern Stability and Learning Disabilities: A Profile Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mealor, David J.; Abrams, Pamela F.

    Profile analysis was performed on Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised (WISC-R) scores of 29 learning disabled students (6-10 years old) in a Specific Learning Disabilities (SLD) program, to determine whether subtest patterns for initial and re-evaluation WISC-R administrations would differ significantly. Profile analysis was applied…

  11. Using Contact Work in Interactions with Adults with Learning Disabilities and Autistic Spectrum Disorders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brooks, Sharon; Paterson, Gail

    2011-01-01

    This article describes a project about using contact work with people with learning disabilities and autistic spectrum disorder. People with learning disabilities and additional autistic spectrum disorder are at risk of becoming socially isolated because of their difficulties in interacting with others. Contact work is a form of Pre-Therapy, which…

  12. Responsive Services for People with Learning Disabilities from Minority Ethnic Communities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caton, Sue; Starling, Samantha; Burton, Mark; Azmi, Sabiha; Chapman, Melanie

    2007-01-01

    This article reports the results of a postal questionnaire survey carried out to explore the responsiveness and appropriateness of services for people with learning disabilities from minority ethnic communities in the North West of England. Twenty-one learning disability service commissioners or service providers completed the questionnaire.…

  13. The Presence of Learning Disabled Youth in Our Juvenile Institutions: Excusable or Gross Negligence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Inesia-Forde, Angelina

    2005-01-01

    One of the most significant problems in the area of learning disabilities and delinquency is failure in recognizing the characteristics of the LD (Learning Disabled) by the juvenile justice system. Therefore, a number of useful techniques, skills, and strategies are provided to help court officers, educators, mental health professionals, and…

  14. "My Memory's Back!" Inclusive Learning Disability Research Using Ethics, Oral History and Digital Storytelling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manning, Corinne

    2010-01-01

    The following article outlines the methodological approach used to include people with learning disabilities as active participants in an oral history produced in Australia. The history sought to document life inside Kew Cottages, Australia's oldest and largest specialised institution for people with learning disabilities. This work furthers…

  15. Psychotic Disorders in Learning Disabilities--Outcome of an Audit across Community Teams

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Varghese, Susan; Banerjee, Subimal

    2011-01-01

    The aim of the audit was to evaluate the current clinical practice for learning-disabled individuals with psychotic disorders. We evaluated the existing clinical practice in 910 individuals who were under the care of learning disability psychiatrists in Buckinghamshire (population of 480 000). This was compared with the National Institute for…

  16. Analysis of Cognitive Abilities of Adolescents Learning Disabled Specifically in Arithmetic Computation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pieper, Edward L.; Deshler, Donald D.

    The study involving 60 learning disabled (LD) and 30 normal achieving seventh through ninth graders was designed to identify adolescents homogeneously defined as exhibiting a "specific learning disability in arithmetic" and to determine if the cognitive processes (visual-spatial, visual-reasoning, and visual-memory) are related to the academic…

  17. Exposure Therapy for Fear of Spiders in an Adult with Learning Disabilities: A Case Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cowdrey, Felicity A.; Walz, Linda

    2015-01-01

    The evidence-base for exposure therapy in people with learning disabilities experiencing specific phobias is sparse. This case study describes the assessment, formulation and treatment of spider phobia in a woman with learning disabilities using an exposure-based intervention augmented with mindfulness practice and bereavement work. To evaluate…

  18. The Development of an Assessment Tool for the Bereavement Needs of People with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blackman, Noelle

    2008-01-01

    Many people with learning disabilities are not well supported when someone close to them dies. This can make it an even more difficult time than it needs to be. This is about how staff can help people with learning disabilities when somebody close to them dies. It has some questions for them to think about. It is well documented that the death of…

  19. Supporting Parents: Development of a Tool to Measure Self-Efficacy of Parents with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bloomfield, Linda; Kendall, Sally; Fortuna, Sandra

    2010-01-01

    There has been a steady increase over the last 20 years in the number of parents with learning disabilities who are referred to social workers and community health practitioners. It is a common experience for parents with learning disabilities to have their child removed from the home and placed permanently in care, and although they are often…

  20. Conductive Hearing Loss in Autistic, Learning-Disabled, and Normal Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Donald E. P.; And Others

    1988-01-01

    Repeated impedance measures were given over five weeks to 11 autistic, 20 learning-disabled, and 20 normal children. A repeated measures analysis of variance led to the conclusion that fluctuating, negative middle ear pressure greater than normal characterizes both autistic and learning-disabled children with the more abnormal pressures typical in…

  1. Test Anxiety and Its Effect on the Personality of Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lufi, Dubi; Okasha, Susan; Cohen, Arie

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to look for personality variables that characterized young adults with learning disabilities and test anxiety. Fifty-four Israeli adults diagnosed with learning disabilities participated in the study, 24 of them were diagnosed as having test anxiety; 30 did not have test anxiety. The participants completed the Test…

  2. Preparation, Development, and Transition of Learning-Disabled Students for Workforce Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Donna Elizabeth

    2012-01-01

    Preparation, Development, and Transition of Learning-Disabled Students for Workforce Success. Donna Elizabeth Williams, 2011: Applied Dissertation, Nova Southeastern University, Abraham S. Fischler School of Education. ERIC Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Community Based Instruction, Academic Advising, Career Counseling, Career Planning. This…

  3. Case Studies of High-Ability Students with Learning Disabilities Who Have Achieved.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reis, Sally M.; And Others

    1997-01-01

    Qualitative methods were used to examine experiences of 12 successful college students with learning disabilities. The participants reported social problems, difficulty with teachers, and frustration with certain academic areas, sometimes resulting from the interaction of their high ability and learning disabilities. Participants successfully…

  4. Placement and Achievement of Urban Hispanic Middle Schoolers with Specific Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barrocas, Lisa; Cramer, Elizabeth D.

    2014-01-01

    This study examined achievement gains in reading and math for Hispanic middle school students with specific learning disabilities in inclusive versus segregated settings in a large urban school district. The authors report learning gains for students with and without disabilities in inclusive versus segregated settings. Results indicate no…

  5. Teachers' Attitudes to Signing for Children with Severe Learning Disabilities in Indonesia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sheehy, Kieron; Budiyanto

    2014-01-01

    The Indonesian education system is striving for an inclusive approach and techniques are needed which can support children with severe learning disabilities and their peers in this context. Manually signed language has proved useful both in supporting the development and empowerment of children with severe learning disabilities and supporting…

  6. Epilepsy and Learning Disabilities: Part 1--Diagnosing and Solving School Learning Disabilities in Epilepsy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mittan, Robert J.

    2010-01-01

    This is a six part article intended to give parents the information and strategies they need to cope with their child with epilepsy who may have school learning problems. Epilepsy and seizures affect the classroom in unique ways that can make the learning experience especially challenging for some kids. Fortunately, much can be done to give the…

  7. Problem Order Implications for Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li, Nan; Cohen, William W.; Koedinger, Kenneth R.

    2013-01-01

    The order of problems presented to students is an important variable that affects learning effectiveness. Previous studies have shown that solving problems in a blocked order, in which all problems of one type are completed before the student is switched to the next problem type, results in less effective performance than does solving the problems…

  8. Neurobiological Underpinnings of Math and Reading Learning Disabilities

    PubMed Central

    Ashkenazi, Sarit; Black, Jessica M.; Abrams, Daniel A.; Hoeft, Fumiko; Menon, Vinod

    2013-01-01

    The primary goal of this review is to highlight current research and theories describing the neurobiological basis of math (MD), reading (RD), and comorbid math and reading disability (MD+RD). We first describe the unique brain and cognitive processes involved in acquisition of math and reading skills, emphasizing similarities and differences in each domain. Next we review functional imaging studies of MD and RD in children, integrating relevant theories from experimental psychology and cognitive neuroscience to characterize the functional neuroanatomy of cognitive dysfunction in MD and RD. We then review recent research on the anatomical correlates of MD and RD. Converging evidence from morphometry and tractography studies are presented to highlight distinct patterns of white matter pathways which are disrupted in MD and RD. Finally, we examine how the intersection of MD and RD provides a unique opportunity to clarify the unique and shared brain systems which adversely impact learning and skill acquisition in MD and RD, and point out important areas for future work on comorbid learning disabilities. PMID:23572008

  9. State learning disability eligibility criteria: A comprehensive review.

    PubMed

    Maki, Kathrin E; Floyd, Randy G; Roberson, Triche

    2015-12-01

    For many decades, discussions regarding the definition and identification of learning disabilities have been contentious; one result is the varied practices across states and school districts. This study reviewed learning disability (LD) regulations and guidelines from the 50 United States and the District of Columbia that were employed during 2013. Two authors independently coded components of all LD regulations and guidelines. Results showed considerable variability in the state policies and practices governing LD identification. Only 67% of states allow for use of the ability-achievement discrepancy approach, and 20% of states explicitly prohibit its use. Approximately 16% of states require the sole use of response to intervention (RtI) models in LD identification, and there is considerable variability in the guidance states provide regarding how to implement RtI models to identify LD. Finally, about half of states do not allow use of "pattern of strengths and weaknesses" (PSW) models, and most states allowing these models provide little information regarding ideal identification practices. These results can inform school psychology practice, training, and related research. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:25581001

  10. Technology and Communications Coursework: Facilitating the Progression of Students with Learning Disabilities through High School Science and Math Coursework

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shifrer, Dara; Callahan, Rebecca

    2010-01-01

    Students identified with learning disabilities experience markedly lower levels of science and mathematics achievement than students who are not identified with a learning disability. Seemingly compounding their disadvantage, students with learning disabilities also complete more credits in non-core coursework--traditionally considered nonacademic…

  11. Piracetam: Its Possible Mode of Action in Children with Learning Disabilities and Its Effect on "in vitro" Cell Growth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Britz, R.; Bester, M. J.; da Silva, A.; Motsoane, N. A.; Marx, J.; Naude, H.; Pretorius, E.

    2006-01-01

    The use of pharmaceutical products such as Piracetam (Nootropil[R]) for the treatment of learning disabilities is becoming increasingly prevalent, and some studies have shown successful treatment of learning disabilities in children. This research article will discuss traditional uses of Piracetam, as well as uses in learning disabilities, with…

  12. "I Feel Pain"--Audit of Communication Skills and Understanding of Pain and Health Needs with People with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beacroft, Monica; Dodd, Karen

    2011-01-01

    An audit was conducted across Surrey to investigate pain recognition and management with people with learning disabilities. This section of the audit looked at what people with learning disabilities understood and experienced when they had pain compared to good practice from the literature. The results show that people with learning disabilities

  13. Knowledge before School-Age, Is Power during School-Age: A Study of Urban Preschool and the Learning Disabled

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Tylia

    2013-01-01

    The primary purpose of this study was to determine if urban preschool decreased the likelihood of future identification of learning disabled (LD). According to the Child Development Institute (2010) and the Learning Disabilities Association of America (2010), four to ten percent of the school-aged students in this country are learning disabled.…

  14. Screening for Diabetic Retinopathy in Adults with Learning Disability: Current Uptake and Adjustments to Facilitate Equality of Access

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pilling, Rachel F.

    2015-01-01

    Equality of access to health care for adults with learning disability has been in the spotlight in the UK in recent years due to publication of several reports. Adults with learning disability are thought to account for a significant proportion of the diabetic population in the UK. A list of adults known to the learning disability health…

  15. Experiential Learning through a Physical Activity Program for Children with Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richards, K. Andrew R.; Eberline, Andrew D.; Padaruth, Sookhenlall; Templin, Thomas J.

    2015-01-01

    Service-learning has become a popular pedagogical tool to promote academic and civic learning. One form of service-learning provides physical activity for underrepresented community groups, including children with disabilities. Using experiential learning theory, the purpose of this descriptive case study was to evaluate college students'…

  16. Varieties of Reading Disability: Phonological and Orthographic Word Decoding Deficits and Implications for Interventions. Studies from the Swedish Institute for Disability Research, No. 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gustafson, Stefan

    This thesis examined variations in the word decoding skills of children with reading disabilities. These variations were related to possible cognitive, developmental, and environmental causes of reading disability. Possible implications for educational interventions were also analyzed in the five studies. The thesis critically examines the…

  17. Syntactic Awareness and Arithmetic Word Problem Solving in Children With and Without Learning Disabilities.

    PubMed

    Peake, Christian; Jiménez, Juan E; Rodríguez, Cristina; Bisschop, Elaine; Villarroel, Rebeca

    2015-01-01

    Arithmetic word problem (AWP) solving is a highly demanding task for children with learning disabilities (LD) since verbal and mathematical information have to be integrated. This study examines specifically how syntactic awareness (SA), the ability to manage the grammatical structures of language, affects AWP solving. Three groups of children in elementary education were formed: children with arithmetic learning disabilities (ALD), children with reading learning disabilities (RLD), and children with comorbid arithmetic and reading learning disabilities (ARLD). Mediation analysis confirmed that SA was a mediator variable for both groups of children with reading disabilities when solving AWPs, but not for children in the ALD group. All groups performed below the control group in the problem solving task. When SA was controlled for, semantic structure and position of the unknown set were variables that affected both groups with ALD. Specifically, children with ALD only were more affected by the place of the unknown set. PMID:24509567

  18. Impairment of simultaneous-spatial working memory in nonverbal (visuospatial) learning disability: a treatment case study.

    PubMed

    Mammarella, Irene C; Coltri, Silvia; Lucangeli, Daniela; Cornoldi, Cesare

    2009-10-01

    We report the case of B.A., an 11-year-old child with a nonverbal (visuospatial) learning disability (NLD). Detailed psychometric and neuropsychological assessment on visuospatial working memory (VSWM) revealed specific simultaneous-spatial working memory impairment. A treatment targeting simultaneous-spatial working memory was given to B.A. for seven sessions (over one month); this resulted in improvement of simultaneous-spatial working memory, with the benefit that the training was maintained after six months. Discussion of clinical and theoretical implications is given, taking account of the distinctions that can be made between the different components of visuospatial working memory and different subtypes of NLD, thus allowing the tailoring of specific training to target the impaired VSWM component. PMID:19370448

  19. Social information processing, security of attachment, and emotion regulation in children with learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Bauminger, Nirit; Kimhi-Kind, Ilanit

    2008-01-01

    This study examined the contribution of attachment security and emotion regulation (ER) to the explanation of social information processing (SIP) in middle childhood boys with learning disabilities (LD) and without LD matched on age and grade level. Children analyzed four social vignettes using Dodge's SIP model and completed the Kerns security scale and the children's self-control scale. Study results demonstrated major difficulties in SIP, lower attachment security, and less ER in children with LD compared to children without LD. Attachment as well as the interaction between attachment and ER emerged as important contributors to most SIP steps, suggesting that children with higher security who also have better ER skills will have better SIP capabilities along the different steps, beyond group inclusion. Results were discussed in terms of practical and clinical implications regarding the importance of mother-child attachment and ER skills for social cognitive capabilities in children with LD. PMID:18443148

  20. [Specific learning disabilities - from DSM-IV to DSM-5].

    PubMed

    Schulte-Körne, Gerd

    2014-09-01

    The publication of the DSM-5 means changes in the classification and recommendations for diagnosis of specific learning disabilities. Dyslexia and dyscalculia have been reintroduced into the DSM. Three specific learning disorders - impairment in reading, impairment in the written expression, and impairment in mathematics, described by subskills - are now part of the DSM-5. Three subcomponents of the reading disorder are expressly differentiated: word reading accuracy, reading rate, and fluency and reading comprehension. Impaired subskills of the specific learning disorder with impairment in written expression are spelling accuracy, grammar and punctuation accuracy, and clarity and organization of written expression. Four subskills are found in the mathematics disorder: number sense, memorization of arithmetic facts, accurate or fluent calculation, and accurate math reasoning. Each impaired academic domain and subskill should be recorded. A description of the severity degree was also included. The diagnosis is based on a variety of methods, including medical history, clinical interview, school report, teacher evaluation, rating scales, and psychometric tests. The IQ discrepancy criterion was abandoned, though that of age or class discrepancy criterion was retained. The application of a discrepancy is recommended by 1 to 2.5 SD. All three specific developmental disorders are common (prevalence 5 %-15 %), occur early during the first years of formal schooling, and persist into adulthood. PMID:25163999

  1. Nondyslexic children with combined writing and arithmetic learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Siegel, L S; Feldman, W

    1983-04-01

    A common presenting problem of children in pediatric practice is the constellation of symptoms involving difficulty in completing assignments, trouble with written work, and organizational problems. Typically, these children do not have difficulty with reading but show problems with academic achievement. We have recently studied 29 children, aged 7 to 13, referred for learning problems. They were not dyslexic, that is their reading abilities were normal, but they had significant difficulty with written tests and assignments and problems with arithmetic. In addition to difficulty with eye-hand coordination as measured by a test of visual motor integration, these children showed poor performance on short-term memory tasks when compared with children who do not have writing or arithmetic problems. Suggested treatments include the use of tape recorders, typewriters, and calculators to help compensate for the writing and short-term memory difficulties associated with these learning problems. The pediatrician, acting as child advocate, can exert influence within the traditional school system to gain acceptance for use of learning aids by children with a developmental output disability. PMID:6825370

  2. Neurocognitive profiles of learning disabled children with neurofibromatosis type 1

    PubMed Central

    Orraca-Castillo, Miladys; Estévez-Pérez, Nancy; Reigosa-Crespo, Vivian

    2014-01-01

    Neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) is a genetic condition generally associated with intellectual deficiency and learning disabilities. Although there have been groundbreaking advances in the understanding of the molecular, cellular, and neural systems underlying learning deficits associated to NF1 in animal models, much remains to be learned about the spectrum of neurocognitive phenotype associated with the NF1 clinical syndrome. In the present study, 32 children with NF1 ranging from 7 to 14 years were evaluated with neurocognitive tests dedicated to assess basic capacities which are involved in reading and mathematical achievement. Deficits in lexical and phonological strategies and poor number facts retrieval were found underlying reading and arithmetic disorders, respectively. Additionally, efficiencies in lexical/phonological strategies and mental arithmetic were significant predictors of individual differences in reading attainment and math. However, deficits in core numeric capacities were not found in the sample, suggesting that it is not responsible for calculation dysfluency. The estimated prevalence of Developmental Dyscalculia was 18.8%, and the male:female ratio was 5:1. On the other hand, the prevalence of Developmental Dyslexia was almost 3 times as high (50%), and no gender differences were found (male: female ratio = 1:1). This study offers new evidence to the neurocognitive phenotype of NF1 contributing to an in depth understanding of this condition, but also to possible treatments for the cognitive deficits associated with NF1. PMID:24936179

  3. Culturally responsive instruction for english language learners with learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Orosco, Michael John; O'Connor, Rollanda

    2014-01-01

    This case study describes the culturally responsive instruction of one special education teacher with Latino English language learners (ELLs) with learning disabilities in an urban elementary school setting. This study was situated in a social constructivist research based framework. In investigating this instruction with ELLs, this study focused on how one teacher's knowledge of culturally responsive pedagogy affected her special education instruction. Findings resulted in three major themes that were aligned with the current literature in this area: Cultural Aspects of Teaching Reading, Culturally Relevant Skills-Based Instruction, and Collaborative Agency Time. The results indicated that the success of special education with ELLs at the elementary education level might be dependent on how well the special education teacher integrates culturally responsive instruction with ELLs' cultural and linguistic needs. PMID:23407658

  4. An Evolutionary Perspective on Learning Disability in Mathematics

    PubMed Central

    Geary, David C.

    2015-01-01

    A distinction between potentially evolved, or biologically-primary forms of cognition, and the culturally-specific, or biologically-secondary forms of cognition that are built from primary systems is used to explore mathematical learning disability (MLD). Using this model, MLD could result from deficits in the brain and cognitive systems that support biologically-primary mathematical competencies, or from the brain and cognitive systems that support the modification of primary systems for the creation of secondary knowledge and secondary cognitive competencies. The former include visuospatial long-term and working memory and the intraparietal sulcus, whereas the latter include the central executive component of working memory and the anterior cingulate cortex and lateral prefrontal cortex. Different forms of MLD are discussed as related to each of the cognitive and brain systems. PMID:17650991

  5. The Implications of Social Neuroscience for Social Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McPartland, James C.; Pelphrey, Kevin A.

    2012-01-01

    Social disability represents a unifying feature in the diverse group of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Social neuroscience is the study of brain mechanisms supporting interpersonal interaction. In this paper, we review brain imaging studies of the social brain and highlight practical applications of these scientific insights.…

  6. Multicultural Views of Disability: Implications for Early Intervention Professionals.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhang, Chun; Bennett, Tess

    2001-01-01

    This article discusses the complex belief systems and values affecting the perception of disability for families from culturally diverse backgrounds, including the influence of traditional and spiritual beliefs, beliefs about health and healing, religion, belief about folk medicine and folk healers, and expectations of a child's social roles.…

  7. Vocational rehabilitation and special education: partners in transition for individuals with learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Dowdy, C A

    1996-03-01

    A full range of transition services are now available to eligible individuals with learning disabilities through vocational rehabilitation agencies in each state. However, the differences in professional jargon and the academic focus of special education versus the employment outcome emphasis of vocational rehabilitation (VR) have created roadblocks to collaboration between these two agencies. This article describes the purpose of vocational rehabilitation and the service delivery process for individuals with learning disabilities in transition from school to work or postsecondary education settings. Suggestions are also made to prepare families and students with learning disabilities, VR counselors, and special educators to become effective partners in the transition process. PMID:8820198

  8. An Epidemiological Study of Learning Disabled Adolescents in Secondary Schools: Use of Support Systems

    E-print Network

    Deshler, Donald D.; Alley, Gordon R.; Warner, Michael M.; Schumaker, Jean B.; Clark, Frances L.

    1980-01-01

    i kely would it be that you would ask your (the) _ __;_Te::...:a.:...:c..:.:.h.=.;er__;_ __ _ _ for their help? LD 0 Not likely at all 1 Somewhat likely 2 Likely 3 Very likely LA NA X 1. 716 1.436 1.372 so n 1.080 232 F :: 6. 9559 p... of the condition of learning disabilities in older populations. There are some unique problems related to adolescents wi t h learn i ng disabilities (LD) which have not been adequately addressed within the re­ search on learning disabilities in elementary...

  9. Electro-oculographic recordings reveal reading deficiencies in learning disabled children.

    PubMed

    Poblano, A; Córdoba de Caballero, B; Castillo, I; Cortés, V

    1996-01-01

    This study was undertaken in order to learn the functional differences in reading tasks between two groups of children: those identified as learning disabled and a group of control children. During the earliest stages of learning to read, children adopt a logographic strategy, in which letter order is ignored and phonologic factors are secondary. The children later move into an alphabetic and then to an orthographic reading stage. Reading strategies can be studied by electro-oculographic (EOG) recordings during text reading. This investigation uses EOG to study text reading time, and number of saccadic and regressive movements, to test if learning disabled children show altered strategies on text reading. Nineteen learning disabled and thirteen control subjects were included in the study. Learning disabled children showed longer text reading time, and greater number of saccadic and regressive eye movements. Electro-oculographic recording is not a test customarily performed on learning disabled children. However, our results concerning the dynamic discriminative reading have shown that it can be a useful tool for the examination of learning disabled children. PMID:8987186

  10. Learning Technologies Management System (LiTMS): A Multidimensional Service Delivery Model for College Students with Learning Disabilities and ADHD

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parker, David R.; White, Cheri E.; Collins, Laura; Banerjee, Manju; McGuire, Joan M.

    2009-01-01

    Today's college students are expected to utilize a variety of learning technologies to succeed in higher education. Students with learning disabilities (LD) and/or Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorders (ADHD) can encounter barriers to equal access and effective learning in this new digital environment, including the development of proficiency…

  11. Implications of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) for Test Development and Use

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlson, Janet F.; Benson, Nicholas; Oakland, Thomas

    2010-01-01

    Implications of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) on the development and use of tests in school settings are enumerated. We predict increased demand for behavioural assessments that consider a person's activities, participation and person-environment interactions, including measures that: (a) address…

  12. Policy Implications of Emergent Full Inclusion Models for the Education of Students with Severe Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sailor, Wayne; And Others

    This monograph examines the term "full inclusion" as it pertains to students with severe disabilities; reviews the historical, legal, and policy bases for various models and systems; and considers the implications for policy change of various aspects of full inclusion models. An introductory section identifies key principles of most full inclusion…

  13. A Comparative Study of the Personality Characteristics of Primary-School Students with Learning Disabilities and Their Nonlearning Disabled Peers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gitanjali, Sharma

    2004-01-01

    This study examined the personality characteristics of 180 boys and girls of ages 8, 9, and 10 with learning disabilities (LD) in 3rd, 4th, and 5th grade in urban and rural primary schools of Andhrapradesh, India. The subjects were identified based on their scholastic achievement on a spelling dictation test, an oral reading test, a reading…

  14. Access to Mainstream Health Services: A Case Study of the Difficulties Faced by a Child with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Freddy Jackson; Cooper, Kate; Diebel, Tara

    2013-01-01

    People with learning disabilities have higher levels of health needs compared with the general population (Nocon, 2006, Background evidence for the DRC's formal investigation into health inequalities experienced by people with learning disabilities or mental health problems. London and Manchester, Disability Rights Commission). Research has shown…

  15. Teaching Learners with Learning Disabilities Texas A&M University Central Texas

    E-print Network

    Diestel, Geoff

    teaching methods for language, academic, and social skills as well as effective inclusive practices/family/sibling issues concerning learning disabilities Social skills issues concerning students with learning teachers. 5. Utilize technology ethically and legally. Student Learning Outcomes for field experience: 1

  16. Discrimination-Reversal Training Eliminates Perceptual Errors of Learning-Disabled Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Braggio, John T.; And Others

    1980-01-01

    Letter pairs that could not be distinguished by learning disabled children were presented using an acquisition-reversal learning paradigm. Relevant external stimuli facilitated discrimination; in reversal, the cues were irrelevant. This technique facilitated learning, as well as retention four days later. (Attentional deficits are discussed). (GDC)

  17. Building the Bridge between Community College and Work for Students with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stern, Deborah

    This paper presents information to assist students with learning disabilities (LD), counselors, and employers in building a bridge between community college and employment. It argues that students must learn to articulate how their LD affects them in a variety of situations, especially those requiring learning and performing work related tasks.…

  18. When can animation improve learning? Some implications for human computer interaction and learning

    E-print Network

    When can animation improve learning? Some implications for human computer interaction and learning on the findings of this study, we present some implications for learning and human-computer interaction illustrations with animation and narration to enhance learning has been inconclusive (Tversky et al., 2002). We

  19. Research and Global Perspectives in Learning Disabilities: Essays in Honor of William M. Cruickshank. The LEA Series on Special Education and Disability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hallahan, Daniel P., Ed.; Keogh, Barbara K., Ed.

    To honor the founder of the International Academy for Research in Learning Disabilities, William M. Cruickshank, this collection of essays reflects a range of perspectives on the "state of the art" in learning disabilities, documenting both commonalties and differences across countries. After an introduction, essays include: (1) "The Lives and…

  20. Learning Geoscience Categories In Situ: Implications for Geographic Knowledge Representation

    E-print Network

    Klippel, Alexander

    1 Learning Geoscience Categories In Situ: Implications for Geographic Knowledge Representation are often the originators or arbitrators of categories used in the production of maps. In the geosciences

  1. Impact of Motivation to Read on Reading Gains for Struggling Readers with and without Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Melekoglu, Macid A.

    2011-01-01

    This study was an investigation of the impact of motivation to read on reading gains of struggling readers with and without specific learning disabilities (LD) who were exposed to a structured, research-based daily reading program over an 18-week period. Participants included 13 students with LD and 25 students without disabilities from two middle…

  2. If Gifted/Learning Disabled Students Have Wisdom, They Have All Things!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Jin-Young; Ko, Young-Gun

    2007-01-01

    This study explores how a historical genius with learning disabilities (LD) used his giftedness to surmount his disabilities. This study compared biographical data of a historical genius with LD to geniuses without LD using the posthumous diagnostic methodology. Niels Bohr, J. Robert Oppenheimer, and Enrico Fermi were selected for investigation.…

  3. Implementing AAC with Children with Profound and Multiple Learning Disabilities: A Study in Rationale Underpinning Intervention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harding, Celia; Lindsay, Gemma; O'Brien, Aoife; Dipper, Lucy; Wright, Julie

    2011-01-01

    There is a developing research base to support the rationale underpinning augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) for people with learning disabilities. However, there is a paucity of research examining the process involved in implementing AAC support for people who have profound disabilities. This paper seeks to explore the processes…

  4. Trends in the Use of Service Learning with Students with Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dymond, Stacy K.; Renzaglia, Adelle; Slagor, Michael T.

    2011-01-01

    Peer-reviewed journal articles published between 1990 and 2007 examining service-learning (SL) and students with disabilities were reviewed. Thirty-four articles were coded according to type of SL (inclusive, segregated, both), grade level and disability of the students, type of article (general description, program description, research-based),…

  5. Teaching Adults with Learning Disabilities. Professional Practices in Adult Education and Human Resource Development Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jordan, Dale R.

    This book is designed to show teachers how to reach out to adults and adolescents with learning disabilities and employ specific strategies for helping them to compensate for the disabilities and acquire literacy skills. The ways in which specific differences in brain structure inhibit the mastery of reading, spelling, handwriting, phonics, and…

  6. Turning the Educability Narrative: Samuel A. Kirk at the Intersection of Learning Disability and "Mental Retardation"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Danforth, Scot; Slocum, Laura; Dunkle, Jennifer

    2010-01-01

    It is often assumed that current disability constructs exist in conceptual isolation from one another. This article explores the tangled historical relationship between "mental retardation" and learning disability in the writings and speeches of special education pioneer Samuel A. Kirk. Beginning in the 1950s, Kirk repeatedly told an educability…

  7. Screening and Assessment of Specific Learning Disabilities in Higher Education Institutes in the Republic of Ireland

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harkin, Emma; Doyle, Alison; Mc Guckin, Conor

    2015-01-01

    Students with specific learning difficulties (SpLD) in higher education institutions (HEIs) in the Republic of Ireland are required to have a formal psycho-educational assessment from an educational psychologist to register with Disability Services in HEIs, to be eligible for support through the Fund for Students with Disabilities (FSD). Such…

  8. Adults with Learning Disabilities in the Workforce: Lessons for Secondary Transition Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Madaus, Joseph W.; Gerber, Paul J.; Price, Lynda A.

    2008-01-01

    Now almost 15 years after the implementation of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) data are emerging in the literature related to job entry and employment outcomes of adults with learning disabilities (LD). Although these data are derived from varying methodologies, they converge in three critical areas: Knowledge of the ADA, realities of…

  9. The Legal Meaning of Specific Learning Disability for Special Education Eligibility

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zirkel, Perry A.

    2010-01-01

    Students with specific learning disability (SLD) continue to account for a higher proportion of all special education enrollments than any other classification under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Probably the most frequent topic in the special education literature since the 2004 amendments to IDEA has been the movement…

  10. Accountability: The Ethics of Devising a Practice-as-Research Performance with Learning-Disabled Practitioners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leighton, Fran

    2009-01-01

    This article discusses the dilemmas encountered by non-disabled performance researchers and practitioners working with learning-disabled people. I demonstrate how the "accounts" of empirical social scientists informed my PARIP [practice-as-research-in-performance] project, "BluYesBlu," and how Judith Butler's reformulation of the concept of…

  11. Young People with Learning Disabilities Living in State Care: Their Emotional, Behavioural and Mental Health Status

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taggart, Laurence; Cousins, Wendy; Milner, Sharon

    2007-01-01

    Young people with learning disabilities are significantly more at risk of developing mental health difficulties than their non-disabled peers, with prevalence rates of around 40% commonly reported. Nevertheless, high levels of mental health problems also exist among young people living in state care. However, few studies have examined the mental…

  12. What Professionals Think about Offenders with Learning Disabilities in the Criminal Justice System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cant, Richard; Standen, Penny

    2007-01-01

    There is evidence that people with learning disabilities who offend are treated differently within the criminal justice system compared to non-disabled offenders. As their treatment depends on decisions made by professionals within the criminal justice system, this study set out to explore the attitudes of these professionals. Semi-structured…

  13. Follow-Up Study of Reading Achievement in Learning Disabled Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gottesman, Ruth L.

    Forty-three learning disabled children referred initially between ages 7 and 14 years to a medical outpatient clinic for developmentally disabled children were evaluated and followed for a period of 5 to 7 years after which their level of academic achievement was reassessed. Initial evaluation included pediatric, neurological and developmental…

  14. Extracurricular Activities and the Development of Social Skills in Children with Intellectual and Specific Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brooks, B. A.; Floyd, F.; Robins, D. L.; Chan, W. Y.

    2015-01-01

    Background: Children with intellectual disability and specific learning disabilities often lack age-appropriate social skills, which disrupts their social functioning. Because of the limited effectiveness of classroom mainstreaming and social skills training for these children, it is important to explore alternative opportunities for social skill…

  15. Route Learning and Shortcut Performance in Adults with Intellectual Disability: A Study with Virtual Environments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mengue-Topio, Hursula; Courbois, Yannick; Farran, Emily K.; Sockeel, Pascal

    2011-01-01

    The ability to learn routes though a virtual environment (VE) and to make a novel shortcut between two locations was assessed in 18 adults with intellectual disability and 18 adults without intellectual disability matched on chronological age. Participants explored two routes (A [double big arrow] B and A [double big arrow] C) until they reached a…

  16. An External Focus of Attention Enhances Motor Learning in Children with Intellectual Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chiviacowsky, S.; Wulf, G.; Avila, L. T. G.

    2013-01-01

    Background: The present study examined whether the learning benefits of an external focus of attention (i.e. on the movement effect) relative to an internal focus (i.e. on the movement), found previously in non-disabled children and adults would also be found in children with intellectual disabilities (IDs). Methods: Participants ("n" =…

  17. Dimensional Integration of Assessment Outcomes with Intervention Services for Children with Specific Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Decker, Scott

    2012-01-01

    This article reviews critical issues with integrating different procedures for identifying children with specific learning disabilities permitted in the federal regulations of the 2004 Individual With Disabilities Education Act 2004. Theoretical differences between behavioral approaches that focus on recording behavioral responses based on…

  18. Cognitive emotional analysis of support workers’ reaction to challenging behaviour in adults with learning disabilities 

    E-print Network

    Williamson, Andrew Ian

    2008-01-01

    Previous research has explored the applicability of Weiner’s (1986) attributional model of helping behaviour to support workers of people with learning disabilities regarding challenging behaviour using optimism as a measure ...

  19. Few CT Scan Abnormalities Found Even in Neurologically Impaired Learning Disabled Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Denckla, Martha Bridge; And Others

    1985-01-01

    Most of 32 learning disabled children (seven to 14 years old) with neurological lateralization characteristics marked by right and left hemispheres had a normal CT (computerized tomography) scan. (CL)

  20. De-institutionalisation of people with learning disabilities, organisational changes and the impact on professional roles 

    E-print Network

    Parlalis, Stavros K.

    This study explores the development of a discharge programme in one learning disability hospital in Scotland. The aim of the study is to explore professionals’ perceptions of how the discharge programme developed with a ...

  1. Teaching Job-Seeking Skills to Learning Disabled Adolescents: An Experimental Analysis and Social Validation

    E-print Network

    Mathews, R. Mark; Fawcett, Stephen B.

    1981-04-01

    Procedures designed to teach the skills involved in completing an employment application and resume writing were evaluated with three learning disabled adolescents using a multiple-baseline design. Training involved reading instructional materials...

  2. Studying the Learning Disabled Adolescent Through Epidemiological and Intervention Research Tactics

    E-print Network

    Altman, Reuben

    1980-01-01

    This paper examines the relationship between epidemiological and intervention research with learning disabled adolescents. Several historical trends and contemporary issues (e.g., the importance of prevention as opposed to treatment efforts, applied...

  3. Anxiety, Conformity, and Self-Concept as Related to Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Endler, Norman S.; Minden, Harold A.

    1972-01-01

    Academic achievement, anxiety, conformity, and self concept were compared for 40 learning disabled children (aged 8 to 13 years) and 40 average achieving children (aged 8 to 13 years) before and after their enrollment in summer camp programs. (GW)

  4. The "Magic Cure" A Review of the Current Controversial Approaches for Treating Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silver, Larry B.

    1987-01-01

    In view of popular press coverage of controversial approaches to treating learning disabilities, the article briefly reviews evidence concerning the following: neurophysiological retraining (patterning, optometric visual training, cerebellar-vestibular remediation, and applied kinesiology); and orthomolecular medicine (concerning megavitamins,…

  5. Mothers with a learning disability: their experiences of service provision during the postnatal period 

    E-print Network

    Wilson, Suzanne Elizabeth

    2012-06-26

    Introduction: There is growing evidence that many parents with learning disabilities, when given adequate support, can parent successfully. Childbirth is a significant life event that marks a woman's transition to ...

  6. Non-Task Oriented Behaviors of Educable Mentally Retarded, Emotionally Handicapped and Learning Disabled Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sherry, Lee

    1981-01-01

    Observations of operationally defined nontask oriented classroom behaviors of educable mentally retarded (EMR), educationally handicapped (EH), learning disabled (LD), and nonhandicapped students were compared. Significant differences in behavioral characteristics among the groups were indicated. (Author/GK)

  7. Assumptions and Strategies for Conducting Research with Learning Disabled Adolescents and Young Adults

    E-print Network

    Meyen, Edward L.; Schiefelbusch, Richard L.; Deshler, Donald D.; Alley, Gordon R.; Moran, Mary Ross; Clark, Frances L.

    1980-01-01

    This paper details the assumptions about learning disabled adolescents and young adults as well as assumptions about conducting research with this population held by researchers at the Kansas Institute. Strategies developed to facilitate...

  8. Five Faces of Cognition: Theoretical Influences on Approaches to Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hresko, Wayne P.; Reid, D. Kim

    1981-01-01

    The label "cognitive" has been used to designate five substantially different approaches to the study of learning disabilities: information processing, metacognition, genetic epistemology, cognitive behavior modification, and the specific abilities model. (Author)

  9. The Relationship Between Learning Disabilities and Juvenile Delinquency: A Link Based on Family and School

    E-print Network

    Hudson, Floyd G.; Stanley, Sandra O.

    1981-04-01

    This study investigated the relationship between learning disabilities and juvenile delinquency with regard to the environmental factors of family and school. Subjects were 90 student-inmates from a correctional facility (23 LD, 15 JD, 47 LD...

  10. How do adults with mild learning disabilities experience bereavement and grief? A qualitative exploration. 

    E-print Network

    McRitchie, Robyn

    2012-06-26

    Background: The vast majority of research into the experiences of people with learning disabilities (LD) in regard to bereavement and grief involves the collection of data from second-hand sources, or via quantitative measures. ...

  11. Students Perception of Ability Scale: comparison of scores for gifted, average, and learning disabled students.

    PubMed

    Chapman, J W; Boersma, F J

    1986-08-01

    On the Student's Perception of Ability Scale, comparison of scores for gifted, average, and learning disabled students differentiated the groups, thereby providing some construct validity as well as confirming the ceiling is high enough for use. PMID:3748744

  12. The Field Trip as a Positive Experience for the Learning Disabled.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cox, Charles C., III

    1993-01-01

    Describes a 12-year program in which learning-disabled students visit an ice cream making company in Providence, RI. Provides instructional objectives and procedures for the activity. Includes suggestions for postactivity discussion and student evaluation. (CFR)

  13. Stigma, social comparison and psychological distress in adults with a learning disability 

    E-print Network

    Paterson, Lucy

    2007-01-01

    Introduction: People with a learning disability are members of a stigmatised group and research has shown that stigmatisation can have a negative impact on psychological wellbeing. The process of social comparison has ...

  14. Lessons Learned from a Disabilities Accessible Study Abroad Trip

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Twill, Sarah E.; Guzzo, Gaetano R.

    2012-01-01

    In the summer of 2009, a two-week study abroad program was specifically designed and executed to include students with disabilities. Recruitment efforts resulted in 11 student participants, six of who were identified as having a disability by the University's Office of Disability Services. Students participated in a two-course academic program;…

  15. Screening for Learning Disabilities in Adult Basic Education Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Jeffrey A.; Barona, Andres

    1997-01-01

    Adult students in 4 groups (24 reading disabled, 5 math disabled, 4 reading and math disabled, and 60 nondisabled) completed 2 screening batteries: (1) Wide Range Achievement Test (WRAT) and Barona Premorbid Intelligence Index and (2) WRAT and Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test. Resulting classifications correctly identified approximately 80% as…

  16. The WISC-III Profile in Greek Children with Learning Disabilities: Different Language, Similar Difficulties

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rotsika, V.; Vlassopoulos, M.; Legaki, L.; Sini, A.; Rogakou, E.; Sakellariou, K.; Pehlivanidou, H.; Anagnostopoulos, D. C.

    2009-01-01

    This study investigates the WISC-III profile in Greek children with learning disabilities (LD). The sample consisted of 180 children diagnosed with learning disability (136 boys, 44 girls) aged 6.11 to 14.4 years. The Mean Full-scale IQ is 96.08, Mean Verbal IQ is 96.38, and Mean Performance IQ is 96.61. On individual subtests, the lowest mean…

  17. Social skills in the context of learning disability definitions: a reply to Gresham and Elliott and directions for the future.

    PubMed

    Conte, R; Andrews, J

    1993-03-01

    In this article we review the evidence on the status of a social skills deficit as a learning disability (LD) by examining social skills deficits in the context of learning disability definitions. For the most part, social skills deficits fall within the terms that are specified in the definitions; that is, when there is evidence of neurological involvement, social skills deficit as a learning disability is consistent with the focus on listening and speaking that is characteristic of most definitions of learning disabilities. We also conclude that the absence of limiting conditions in extant definitions of learning disabilities makes it difficult to exclude any particular skill or type of knowledge from falling within the bounds of the definitions. Furthermore, we argue that the critical issue centers on the reformulation of the definition of learning disabilities. We suggest two directions in future work: First, the term "learning disability" should be limited to intentional learning contexts. Acceptance of this limitation would clarify at least some of the confusion regarding the domain of learning disabilities. Second, learning disability definitions should become more responsive to recent research on the nature of learning. PMID:8486992

  18. Technology Enhanced Learning for People with Intellectual Disabilities and Cerebral Paralysis: The MAS Platform

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Colomo-Palacios, Ricardo; Paniagua-Martín, Fernando; García-Crespo, Ángel; Ruiz-Mezcua, Belén

    Education for students with disabilities now takes place in a wide range of settings, thus, including a wider range of assistive tools. As a result of this, one of the most interesting application domains of technology enhanced learning is related to the adoption of learning technologies and designs for people with disabilities. Following this unstoppable trend, this paper presents MAS, a software platform aimed to help people with severe intellectual disabilities and cerebral paralysis in their learning processes. MAS, as a technology enhanced learning platform, provides several tools that supports learning and monitoring for people with special needs, including adaptative games, data processing and monitoring tools. Installed in a special needs education institution in Madrid, Spain, MAS provides special educators with a tool that improved students education processes.

  19. Physics, Dyslexia and Learning: A Collaboration for Disabled Students

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moskal, Barbara M.; Wright, Lyndsey; Taylor, P. C.

    2014-03-01

    Researchers have found that children with dyslexia reason differently with respect to language from those who do not have dyslexia. Dyslexic students' brains work differently than do students without dyslexia. Some researchers speculate that these differences provide dyslexic students with an advantage in science. The presentation will describe an outreach activity which developed and delivered instructional modules in physics to students in grades kindergarten through sixth. These modules were tested on thirty students who attended a summer camp designed for students who have been diagnosed with dyslexia. Eighty percent of students who have learning disabilities have dyslexia. Many of the students who attended this camp have experienced repeated failure in the traditional school system, which emphasizes literacy with little attention to science. A number of science and engineering professors collaborated with this camp to build instructional modules that were delivered one hour per day, during two weeks of this five week summer camp (ten hours of hands-on physics instruction). Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected with respect to the impact that this camp had on students' understanding and interests in science. The results of these efforts will be presented.

  20. Technology for communicational development and learning in psychomotor disability

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Trento, I.; Santucci, M.; Tula, S.; González, E.

    2007-11-01

    The applied investigation and experimental development project described in this paper has been carried out by Grupo Ingeniería Clínica of the Universidad Tecnológica Nacional together with two Special Education Schools dependent on the Ministry of Education of Córdoba Province. Its aim is the development of computer access assistive tools for students with mobility limitations, and with or without intellectual problems that need adaptations to access to a computer in order to learn, communicate, work, etc. On the other hand, it demonstrates the benefits that the use of a computer gives to these students. The evaluation of their performance was made trough Dr. Marianne Frostig's Developmental Test of Visual Perception and reading and writing graphic tests, comparing the results of the tests made on paper with those made on computer. Thus, an interdisciplinary team was formed by Engineering, Psychology and Special Education professionals, and 40 students were evaluated. The design of the mouse and keyboard had some adaptations. At present, the rating test stage is being achieved, and the preliminary results allow us to anticipate that pupils with psychomotor disabilities may manifest their perceptual ripeness and reach education in a more efficient way through the use of informatics tools according to their needs and possibilities.

  1. List Memory in Young Adults With Language Learning Disability

    PubMed Central

    Byrd, Courtney T.; McGregor, Karla K.; Zimmerman, Hannah; Bludau, Kadee

    2015-01-01

    Purpose The purpose of this study was to characterize the verbal memory limitations of young adults with language learning disability (LLD). Method Sixteen young adults with LLD and 34 age- and education-matched controls with typical language participated in a Deese–Roediger–McDermott (DRM; Deese, 1959; Roediger & McDermott, 1995) list recall experiment. Participants listened to 12-item word lists that converged on a nonpresented critical item (e.g., rain) semantically (umbrella, drench, weather, hail), phonologically (train, main, ran, wren), or dually in a hybrid list (umbrella, train, drench, main) and recalled words in no particular order. Group comparisons were made on veridical recall (i.e., words that were presented) and false recall of nonpresented critical items. Recall performance was analyzed by list type and list position to examine potential differences in the quality of memorial processes. Results The LLD group produced fewer veridical recalls than the controls. Both groups demonstrated list type and list position effects in veridical recall. False recall of the critical items was comparable in the 2 groups and varied by list type in predictable ways. Conclusion Young adults with LLD have verbal memory limitations characterized by quantitatively low levels of accurate recall. Qualitative patterns of recall are similar to those of unaffected peers. Therefore, the memory problem is characterized by limited capacity; memorial processes appear to be intact. PMID:25652445

  2. Optimising web site designs for people with learning disabilities

    PubMed Central

    Williams, Peter; Hennig, Christian

    2015-01-01

    Much relevant internet-mediated information is inaccessible to people with learning disabilities because of difficulties in navigating the web. This paper reports on the methods undertaken to determine how information can be optimally presented for this cohort. Qualitative work is outlined where attributes relating to site layout affecting usability were elicited. A study comparing web sites of different design layouts exhibiting these attributes is discussed, with the emphasis on methodology. Eight interfaces were compared using various combinations of menu position (vertical or horizontal), text size and the absence or presence of images to determine which attributes of a site have the greatest performance impact. Study participants were also asked for their preferences, via a ‘smiley-face’ rating scale and simple interviews. ‘Acquiescence bias’ was minimised by avoiding polar (‘yes/no’) interrogatives, achieved by asking participants to compare layouts (such as horizontal versus vertical menu), with reasons coaxed from those able to articulate them. Preferred designs were for large text and images. This was the reverse of those facilitating fastest retrieval times, a discrepancy due to preferences being judged on aesthetic considerations. Design recommendations that reconcile preference and performance findings are offered. These include using a horizontal menu, juxtaposing images and text, and reducing text from sentences to phrases, thus facilitating preferred large text without increasing task times. PMID:26097431

  3. Learning to Listen - Implications for Interdisciplinary Instruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Redish, Edward

    2015-04-01

    For more than twenty years, researchers in the University of Maryland Physics Education Research Group (UMd-PERG) have been developing a theoretical framework for trying to understand how students think about and learn physics - Resources. The Resources Framework provides tools for interpreting how our students respond to our instruction. What may appear on the surface to be serious misconceptions can turn out to have a subtler explanation once one takes into account the roles played in student thinking by (1) experiential knowledge, (2) the dynamic character of their cognitive responses, (3) epistemological assumptions and expectations, (4) framing of the activity along multiple dimensions. The Resources Framework also provides tools to help us understand what knowledge our students bring into our classes and how they use that knowledge to interpret what they are learning. What we have learned in this research has powerful implications for instruction, especially in service courses where an expert is charged with teaching a discipline to students from a different discipline, such as when physicists teach physics to biologists or engineers. For more than a decade, the UMd-PERG and our collaborators have been studying how life science students respond to physics instruction. We have found many surprising results by listening carefully to what students say: Often, ``student errors'' turn out to be failures of communication between teacher and student. Many common practices turn out to be counterproductive and misleading. I will give examples from NEXUS/Physics, an introductory physics class for life science students, and I will suggest implications for instruction and curriculum development. Support gratefully acknowledged for multiple NSF grants.

  4. The Lattice Method Used in Teaching Multiplication with Whole Numbers and Decimals to Students with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gu, Wenyuan

    The purpose of the study was to help teachers understand the importance of using the Lattice Method in teaching multiplication with whole numbers and decimals to students with learning disabilities. The common errors made by learning disabled students in multiplication with whole numbers were analyzed. In the study, students with learning

  5. Identity Texts and Literacy Development among Preschool English Language Learners: Enhancing Learning Opportunities for Children at Risk for Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bernhard, Judith K.; Cummins, Jim; Campoy, F. Isabel; Ada, Alma Flor; Winsler, Adam; Bleiker, Charles

    2006-01-01

    There is little research on English language learners (ELLs) in relation to learning disability (LD) assessment and identification. More important, there is a scarcity of research on models and strategies that enhance learning opportunities and outcomes for ELLs prior to an LD diagnosis. We describe in this article an innovative language…

  6. Online and Blended Learning: The Advantages and the Challenges for Students with Learning Disabilities and Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Madaus, Joseph W.; Banerjee, Manju; McKeown, Kimberly; Gelbar, Nicholas

    2011-01-01

    As students with learning disabilities and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) participate in postsecondary education, they are likely to encounter a new learning medium that will need to be mastered--online and blended courses. Although many college-aged students have grown up using the Internet and other information technologies,…

  7. Identification of Learning Disabled Adolescents: A Bayesian Approach

    E-print Network

    Alley, Gordon R.; Deshler, Donald D.; Warner, Michael M.

    1980-01-01

    of performance defiCits . The student whose only noticeable difficulty is in the area of decoding words or spelling, for example, will not be identified as LD by the procedures described herein . However, this does not appear to be a serious limitation... that is formally considered is statistically in· dependent from every other disability that is considered. For the present purposes this means that knowing a student was identified with one component disability (e.g.; a disability in decoding words) would...

  8. Differential Performance of Learning Disabled and Non-Learning Disabled Children on the McCarthy Scales, WISC-R, and WRAT.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ivimey, John K.; Taylor, Ronald L.

    1980-01-01

    Demonstrates the need for schools to clearly define diagnostic categories such as learning disabilities (LD). These LD students were considerably different from LD students in other studies. They performed on grade level according to the Wide Range Achievement Test, but significantly below their peers in actual classroom performance. (Author)

  9. Suggestions for Modifications in the Teaching of General Chemistry to Accommodate Learning Disabled Students: Alternative Techniques for Teaching General Chemistry to Learning Disabled Students in the University.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Habib, H. S.

    A professor involved with the HELDS project (Higher Education for Learning Disabled Students) describes modifications in a general chemistry course. A syllabus lists program objectives for eight text chapters, evaluation components, and course rules. Two units are described in detail, with information presented on modifications made for LD…

  10. Are We Exacerbating Students' Learning Disabilities? An Investigation of Preservice Teachers' Attributions of the Educational Outcomes of Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woodcock, Stuart; Vialle, Wilma

    2011-01-01

    While claims of the importance of attribution theory and teachers' expectations of students for student performance are repeatedly made, there is little comprehensive research identifying the perceptions preservice teachers have of students with learning disabilities (LD). Accordingly, 444 Australian preservice primary school teachers were…

  11. Self-Efficacy, Loneliness, Effort, and Hope: Developmental Differences in the Experiences of Students with Learning Disabilities and Their Non-Learning Disabled Peers at Two Age Groups

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lackaye, Timothy; Margalit, Malka

    2008-01-01

    The goals of this study were to (a) examine differences between two age groups of adolescents with and without learning disabilities (LD) in their general and specific self-efficacy beliefs (in history and mathematics), their academic achievement (in history and mathematics), and their loneliness, effort, and hope; and (b) identify predictors of…

  12. Test of the definition of learning disability based on the difference between IQ and achievement.

    PubMed

    Mayes, Susan Dickerson; Calhoun, Susan L

    2005-08-01

    A learning disability is commonly defined as a discrepancy between IQ and achievement. This has been criticized for identifying too many children as having a learning disability who have high IQs and average academic achievement. Such overidentification as actually occurred was assessed in 473 referred children (8-16 years, M= 10, SD=2) with normal intelligence. Learning disability was defined as a significant discrepancy (p<.05) between predicted and obtained achievement in reading, mathematics, or written expression on the Wechsler Individual Achievement Test. Predicted achievement was based on the child's WISC-III Full Scale IQ. Overidentification was considered to occur when a child scored at or above age level in reading, mathematics, and writing but still had a significant discrepancy between predicted and obtained achievement by virtue of a high IQ. Learning disability was diagnosed in 312 (66%) of the children. There was no overidentification because all children had one or more WIAT scores below the normative level for their age, i.e., < 100. Further, only 7% of the children were identified with a learning disability based on a WIAT score in the 90s. These children had a mean IQ of 123 and were rated by their teachers and parents as having learning problems. PMID:16279312

  13. Effects of Cooperative vs Individualistic Learning Experiences on Interpersonl Attraction between Learning-Disabled and Normal-Progress Elementary School Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Armstrong, Barbara; And Others

    1981-01-01

    The effects of cooperative and individualistic learning experiences were compared on interpersonal attraction between nonhandicapped students and learning-disabled peers and achievement. Results indicate that greater interpersonal attraction between the learning-disabled and normal-progress students and higher achievement resulted in the…

  14. Inclusion and Healthcare Choices: The Experiences of Adults with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ferguson, Morag; Jarrett, Dominic; Terras, Melody

    2011-01-01

    People with learning disabilities have fewer choice opportunities than the general population. Existing research provides some insight, but the choice-making experiences of those who do not always utilise available healthcare remains under-explored. This research explored the choice-making experiences of two groups of individuals with a learning

  15. A Visual Haptic System for Children with Learning Disabilities: Software and Hardware Design Considerations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Subrahmaniyan, Neeraja; Krishnaswamy, Swetha; Chowriappa, Ashirwad; Srimathveeravalli, Govindarajan; Bisantz, Ann; Shriber, Linda; Kesavadas, Thenkurussi

    2012-01-01

    Research has shown that children with learning disabilities exhibit considerable challenges with visual motor integration. While there are specialized Occupational Therapy interventions aimed at visual motor integration, computer games and virtual toys have now become increasingly popular, forming an integral part of children's learning and play.…

  16. Quantitative Genetics in the Era of Molecular Genetics: Learning Abilities and Disabilities as an Example

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haworth, Claire M. A.; Plomin, Robert

    2010-01-01

    Objective: To consider recent findings from quantitative genetic research in the context of molecular genetic research, especially genome-wide association studies. We focus on findings that go beyond merely estimating heritability. We use learning abilities and disabilities as examples. Method: Recent twin research in the area of learning

  17. Levels of Engagement and Barriers to Physical Activity in a Population of Adults with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hawkins, Andrew; Look, Roger

    2006-01-01

    This study examined levels of, and barriers to, physical activity in a population of 19 adults with learning disabilities living in community supported accommodation, using diary records and semi-structured interviews with staff. The levels of physical activity were higher in the sample population than previous figures for adults with learning

  18. Service Learning and Students with Disabilities: Perspectives from a Statewide Model Program in Florida

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Christina R.; Hinterlong, Jim; Greene, Anna D.

    2010-01-01

    This article highlights the potential for service learning as a pedagogy and intervention for students with disabilities. The article also conceptualizes the role of a school social worker in contributing to the development and implementation of an inclusive service-learning program. Findings are based on a qualitative study involving nineteen…

  19. An Exploratory Study of Self-Directed Science Concept Learning by Students with Moderate Intellectual Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jimenez, Bree A.; Browder, Diane M.; Courtade, Ginevra R.

    2009-01-01

    This investigation focused on the effects of a treatment package including multiple exemplar training, time delay, and a self-directed learning prompt (KWHL chart) on students' ability to complete an inquiry lesson independently and generalize to untrained materials. Three middle school students with moderate intellectual disabilities learned to…

  20. Facilitating the Acquisition of Science Classifications in Learning-Disabled Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mastropieri, Margo A.; And Others

    Learning-disabled junior high school students (N-36) were taught three dichotomous classifications for each of eight minerals; hardness level (hard-soft), color (pale-dark), and common use (home-industry). Ss were randomly assigned to three experimental conditions in order to learn this information. In the direct instruction condition, Ss were…

  1. Suggestopedia and Its Application to the Education of Children with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brownlee, Phyllis Perdew

    The author examines literature and research relating to the use of suggestopedia, suggestive-accelerative learning and teaching--SALT, with learning disabled children. Chapter I introduces the topic of suggestopedia with definitions of related terminology, and information on the purpose, significance, and limitations of the study to investigate…

  2. An Exploratory Investigation of the Effect on a Biofeedback Technique with Hyperactive, Learning Disabled Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Larry L.; Hershey, Myrliss

    Studied was the effectiveness of biofeedback techniques in reducing the hyperactive behavior of five hyperactive and four nonhyperactive children (all in elementary level learning disability classes). After 10 15-minute biofeedback training sessions over an 8-week period, Ss learned to raise their finger temperatures an average of 12.92 degrees…

  3. Toward a Reconceptualization of Mathematical Learning Disabilities: A Focus on Difference Rather than Deficit

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Katherine Elizabeth

    2011-01-01

    Students with mathematical learning disabilities (MLDs) experience persistent challenges learning even the most elementary mathematics. While prior research on MLDs has classified students on the basis of test scores and documented performance differences between groups, this dissertation focuses on the qualitative differences in individual…

  4. Discriminant Validity of Teacher Ratings for Normal, Learning Disabled, and Emotionally Handicapped Boys.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ellen, Arthur S.

    1989-01-01

    Examined construct and discriminant validity of Classroom Adjustment Rating Scale with 169 normal, 125 learning disabled, and 48 emotionally handicapped elementary boys. Boys were rated by 69 teachers. Factor analysis identified three homogeneous scales: Acting-Out, Learning Problems, and Shy-Anxious. Discriminant analysis classified 77 percent of…

  5. Language Learning Disability and Individual Differences: Can We See between the Lines?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silliman, Elaine R.

    2010-01-01

    In honor of Dr. Katherine Butler's extraordinary leadership of "Topics in Language Disorders," this article takes up her 1982 challenge to reach toward greater understanding of individual differences in the use of oral and written language by children with language learning disability. The article focuses on 3 interconnected dimensions of learning

  6. How Students with Intellectual Disabilities Experience Learning in One Irish University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kubiak, John

    2015-01-01

    Over the last number of years, opportunities to learn in higher education for people with intellectual disabilities have increased. Consequently, this subgroup of students is gradually becoming part of an increasingly diverse college community. Because learning varies across different individual cultures and systems of higher education, our…

  7. Teaching Social Studies to Upper Elementary Students with Learning Disabilities: Graphic Organizers and Explicit Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ciullo, Stephen; Falcomata, Terry; Vaughn, Sharon

    2015-01-01

    The authors report the effects of a single-case, multiple-probe design investigation for students with learning disabilities (LD) in Grades 4 and 5. Seven students classified as LD and with persistent difficulty with informational-text comprehension from two elementary schools participated. The study compared social studies learning across two…

  8. Valuing the Place of Young People with Learning Disabilities in the Arts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goddard, Jennifer

    2015-01-01

    Methodologies of embodied learning, radical pedagogies and applied drama offer a lens through which to investigate the empowerment of young people with learning disabilities in Northern Ireland, thus counteracting more traditional, disempowering methods. According to Helen Nicholson, the "participatory, dialogic and dialectic qualities as…

  9. Using Assistive Technology in Teaching Children with Learning Disabilities in the 21st Century

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adebisi, Rufus Olanrewaju; Liman, Nalado Abubakar; Longpoe, Patricia Kwalzoom

    2015-01-01

    This paper was written to expose the meaning, benefits, and answer why the use of assistive technology for children with learning disabilities. The paper discussed the various types of assistive technology devices that were designed and used to solve written language, reading, listening, memory and mathematic problems of children with learning

  10. Effectiveness of Toys as an Enhancement to Instruction in Explanation for Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohen, Nicole Amanda

    2013-01-01

    Students with language-based learning disabilities demonstrate learning challenges that must be addressed to enable them to succeed academically. Some of these students have difficulty with the process of organizing their thoughts about information acquired and expressing them in the form of an explanation, both of which are critical to effective…

  11. Youth with Disabilities in Work-Based Learning Programs: Factors that Influence Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scholl, Linda; Mooney, Marianne

    2004-01-01

    This article presents the findings of a research study on the quality of the learning experiences of youth with disabilities who participated in Wisconsin's Youth Apprenticeship (YA) Program--a rigorous two-year work-based learning program for high school juniors and seniors. The researchers identify key factors that enhance the capacity of youth…

  12. Parental and Staff Expectations for the Future Achievement of Learning Disabled Students

    E-print Network

    Sinning, H. Kent; Hudson, Floyd G.; Deshler, Donald D.

    1980-02-01

    , Floyd G. Hudson, and Donald D. Deshler The University of Kansas Institute for Research in Learning Disabilities is supported by a contract (#300-77-0494) with the Bureau of Education for the Handicapped, Department of Health, Education, and Welfare... FOR RESEARCH IN LEARNING D ISA BILl Tl E S ~~r~~~~~~~~s~!. ~~ng!~ Emphasis on Adolescents and Young Adults Research Report #28 February, 1980 PARENTAL AND STAFF EXPECTATIONS FOR THE FUTURE ACHIEVEMENT OF LEARNING DISABLED STUDENTS H. Kent Sinning...

  13. Promoting Disability Equality and Inclusive Learning in Planning Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peel, Deborah; Posas, Paula J.

    2009-01-01

    In the UK, the Disability Discrimination Act 2005 created a positive duty on the public sector to promote disability equality. This duty extends to higher education and local planning authorities. Based on Zuber-Skerrit's CRASP model for professional development, this paper examines an initiative to enact the duty. It details a completed action…

  14. Childhood Learning Disabilities and Atypical Dementia: A Retrospective Chart Review

    PubMed Central

    Seifan, Alon

    2015-01-01

    Objective To further our understanding of the association between self-reported childhood learning disabilities (LDs) and atypical dementia phenotypes (Atypical Dementia), including logopenic primary progressive aphasia (L-PPA), Posterior Cortical Atrophy (PCA), and Dysexecutive-type Alzheimer’s Disease (AD). Methods This retrospective case series analysis of 678 comprehensive neuropsychological assessments compared rates of self-reported LD between dementia patients diagnosed with Typical AD and those diagnosed with Atypical Dementia. 105 cases with neuroimaging or CSF data available and at least one neurology follow-up were identified as having been diagnosed by the neuropsychologist with any form of neurodegenerative dementia. These cases were subject to a consensus diagnostic process among three dementia experts using validated clinical criteria for AD and PPA. LD was considered Probable if two or more statements consistent with prior LD were documented within the Social & Developmental History of the initial neuropsychological evaluation. Results 85 subjects (Typical AD n=68, Atypical AD n=17) were included in the final analysis. In logistic regression models adjusted for age, gender, handedness, education and symptom duration, patients with Probable LD, compared to patients without Probable LD, were significantly more likely to be diagnosed with Atypical Dementia vs. Typical AD (OR 13.1, 95% CI 1.3-128.4). All three of the L-PPA cases reporting a childhood LD endorsed childhood difficulty with language. By contrast, both PCA cases reporting Probable childhood LD endorsed difficulty with attention and/or math. Conclusions In people who develop dementia, childhood LD may predispose to atypical phenotypes. Future studies are required to confirm whether atypical neurodevelopment predisposes to regional-specific neuropathology in AD and other dementias. PMID:26106899

  15. Basic Numerical Skills in Children with Mathematics Learning Disabilities: A Comparison of Symbolic vs Non-Symbolic Number Magnitude Processing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rousselle, Laurence; Noel, Marie-Pascale

    2007-01-01

    Forty-five children with mathematics learning disabilities, with and without comorbid reading disabilities, were compared to 45 normally achieving peers in tasks assessing basic numerical skills. Children with mathematics disabilities were only impaired when comparing Arabic digits (i.e., symbolic number magnitude) but not when comparing…

  16. Effects of Extended Time Allotments on Reading Comprehension Performance of College Students with and without Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewandowski, Lawrence; Cohen, Justin; Lovett, Benjamin J.

    2013-01-01

    Students with disabilities often receive test accommodations in schools and on high-stakes tests. Students with learning disabilities (LD) represent the largest disability group in schools, and extended time the most common test accommodation requested by such students. This pairing persists despite controversy over the validity of extended time…

  17. Learning Disabilities in Guatemala and Spain: A Cross-National Study of the Prevalence and Cognitive Processes Associated with Reading and Spelling Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jimenez, Juan E.; de la Cadena, Claudia Garcia

    2007-01-01

    The main purposes of this research were twofold. We examined the samenesses about learning disabilities (LD) in Guatemala and Spain, two countries with the same language but cultural, political, and educational differences, first analyzing data about the prevalence of reading and spelling disabilities in Guatemala City and the Spanish region of…

  18. Evaluating Children's Learning Disabilities with an Apple II Personal Computer or Tempting Poor Learners with an Apple.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sisson, Lee Hansen; And Others

    This paper describes the use of commercially-available software for the Apple Computer to augment diagnostic evaluations of learning disabled children and to enhance "learning to learn" strategies at the application/transfer level of learning. A short rationale discusses levels of evaluation and learning, using a model that synthesizes the ideas…

  19. The genetic and environmental origins of learning abilities and disabilities in the early school years.

    PubMed

    Kovas, Yulia; Haworth, Claire M A; Dale, Philip S; Plomin, Robert

    2007-01-01

    Despite the importance of learning abilities and disabilities in education and child development, little is known about their genetic and environmental origins in the early school years. We report results for English (which includes reading, writing, and speaking), mathematics, and science as well as general cognitive ability in a large and representative sample of U.K. twins studied at 7, 9, and 10 years of age. Although preliminary reports of some of these data have been published, the purpose of this monograph is to present new univariate, multivariate, and longitudinal analyses that systematically examine genetic and environmental influences for the entire sample at all ages for all measures for both the low extremes (disabilities) and the entire sample (abilities). English, mathematics, and science yielded similarly high heritabilities and modest shared environmental influences at 7, 9, and 10 years despite major changes in content across these years. We draw three conclusions that go beyond estimating heritability. First, the abnormal is normal: Low performance is the quantitative extreme of the same genetic and environmental influences that operate throughout the normal distribution. Second, continuity is genetic and change is environmental: Longitudinal analyses suggest that age-to-age stability is primarily mediated genetically, whereas the environment contributes to change from age to age. Third, genes are generalists and environments are specialists: Multivariate analyses indicate that genes largely contribute to similarity in performance within and between the three domains--and with general cognitive ability--whereas the environment contributes to differences in performance. These conclusions have far-reaching implications for education and child development as well as for molecular genetics and neuroscience. PMID:17995572

  20. English language learners with learning disabilities interacting in a science class within an inclusion setting

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ayala, Vivian Luz

    In today's schools there are by far more students identified with learning disabilities (LD) than with any other disability. The U.S. Department of Education in the year 1997--98 reported that there are 38.13% students with LD in our nations' schools (Smith, Polloway, Patton, & Dowdy, 2001; U.S. Department of Education, 1999). Of those, 1,198,200 are considered ELLs with LD (Baca & Cervantes. 1998). These figures which represent an increase evidence the need to provide these students with educational experiences geared to address both their academic and language needs (Ortiz, 1997; Ortiz, & Garcia, 1995). English language learners with LD must be provided with experiences in the least restrictive environment (LRE) and must be able to share the same kind of social and academic experiences as those students from the general population (Etscheidt & Bartlett, 1999; Lloyd, Kameenui, & Chard, 1997) The purpose of this research was to conduct a detailed qualitative study on classroom interactions to enhance the understanding of the science curriculum in order to foster the understanding of content and facilitate the acquisition of English as a second language (Cummins, 2000; Echevarria, Vogt, & Short, 2000). This study was grounded on the theories of socioconstructivism, second language acquisition, comprehensible input, and classroom interactions. The participants of the study were fourth and fifth grade ELLS with LD in a science elementary school bilingual inclusive setting. Data was collected through observations, semi-structured interviews (students and teacher), video and audio taping, field notes, document analysis, and the Classroom Observation Schedule (COS). The transcriptions of the video and audio tapes were coded to highlight emergent patterns on the type of interactions and language used by the participants. The findings of the study intend to provide information for teachers of ELLs with LD about the implications of using classroom interactions point to: students more actively engaged, an increase in the acquisition of L2, development of science content vocabulary, and a willingness of students to take risks.

  1. 45 CFR 1308.14 - Eligibility criteria: Learning disabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...to Public Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...such conditions as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, and aphasia. (b) An...

  2. 45 CFR 1308.14 - Eligibility criteria: Learning disabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...to Public Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...such conditions as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, and aphasia. (b) An...

  3. 45 CFR 1308.14 - Eligibility criteria: Learning disabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...to Public Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...such conditions as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, and aphasia. (b) An...

  4. GENERAL INFORMATION The definition of a learning disability may

    E-print Network

    in accordance with the Individual with Disabilities Education Act (Public Law 99-147). The definition (as opposed to merely poor spelling or grammatical errors or poor handwriting) 4. Basic reading skills

  5. Evaluation of the benefits of assistive reading software: perceptions of high school students with learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Chiang, Hsin-Yu; Liu, Chien-Hsiou

    2011-01-01

    Using assistive reading software may be a cost-effective way to increase the opportunity for independent learning in students with learning disabilities. However, the effectiveness and perception of assistive reading software has seldom been explored in English-as-a-second language students with learning disabilities. This research was designed to explore the perception and effect of using assistive reading software in high school students with dyslexia (one subtype of learning disability) to improve their English reading and other school performance. The Kurzweil 3000 software was used as the intervention tool in this study. Fifteen students with learning disabilities were recruited, and instruction in the usage of the Kurzweil 3000 was given. Then after 2 weeks, when they were familiarized with the use of Kurzweil 3000, interviews were used to determine the perception and potential benefit of using the software. The results suggested that the Kurzweil 3000 had an immediate impact on students' English word recognition. The students reported that the software made reading, writing, spelling, and pronouncing easier. They also comprehended more during their English class. Further study is needed to determine under which conditions certain hardware/software might be helpful for individuals with special learning needs. PMID:22256668

  6. Giving a Voice to the Person in My Dental Chair: Communication with People with Learning Disabilities.

    PubMed

    Hollingsworth, Lorna; Kalambouka, Afroditi

    2015-05-01

    This article aims to increase the dental teams' awareness of communicating with people with learning disabilities who have additional communication impairments. The paper presents a brief account of the factors behind why some people with learning disabilities may find it difficult to verbally communicate, and highlights the importance of ensuring high levels of care for all patients. It provides an overview of the principles of communication development and some of the most commonly used augmentative and alternative communication approaches. The paper concludes with suggestions of simple communication techniques as well as practical ideas, which can be easily incorporated into daily general dental practice in order to increase opportunities for successful interactions and minimise communication breakdown. By becoming more aware of the range of communication methods used to support those who have learning disabilities, the dental team will be more able to provide a better experience to their patients and ensure that their needs are met. PMID:26556262

  7. Managing eating and drinking difficulties (dysphagia) with children who have learning disabilities: What is effective?

    PubMed

    Harding, Celia; Cockerill, Helen

    2015-07-01

    People who work with children who have neurological and learning disabilities frequently need to manage the health and emotional risks associated with eating, drinking and swallowing (dysphagia). Some approaches can support children to develop oral feeding competence or to maximise their ability to maintain some oral intake supplemented with tube feeding. However, some clinicians feel that oral-motor exercises can support eating and drinking skills as well as speech and language development, whereas there is little evidence to support this.The implied "beneficial" association between oral-motor exercises, speech and swallowing skills gives a false impression in terms of future outcomes for parents and carers of children with learning disabilities. This paper considers oral-motor approaches in the remediation of dysphagia and the need for a cultural shift away from this view. Realistic and useful outcomes for people with learning disabilities need to be an essential part of therapeutic intervention. PMID:24414040

  8. Synthesis of Research Symposium at CLD's 33rd International Conference on Learning Disabilities: "Must Reads for 2011"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weiser, Beverly L.; Reed, Deborah K.; Kethley, Caroline I.; Mathes, Patricia G.

    2012-01-01

    In October 2011, Council for Learning Disabilities' (CLD's) research committee members (i.e., authors of this article) presented their "Must Reads" at the organization's 33rd Annual International Conference on Learning Disabilities. In this article, the presenters summarize a few of their selected articles and state why each article is a "Must…

  9. Making a Difference--The Impact of the Confidential Inquiry into Premature Deaths of People with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heslop, Pauline; Marriott, Anna

    2015-01-01

    The Confidential Inquiry into premature deaths of people with learning disabilities (CIPOLD) was commissioned by the Department of Health in England in 2010 to investigate the avoidable or premature deaths of people with learning disabilities through retrospective reviews of deaths. Both the process of conducting CIPOLD and the findings of the…

  10. Using Virtual Manipulative Instruction to Teach the Concepts of Area and Perimeter to Secondary Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Satsangi, Rajiv; Bouck, Emily C.

    2015-01-01

    Secondary students with a learning disability in mathematics often struggle with the academic demands presented in advanced mathematics courses, such as algebra and geometry. With greater emphasis placed on problem solving and higher level thinking skills in these subject areas, students with a learning disability in mathematics often fail to keep…

  11. An Investigation of Social Behaviors of Primary School Children in Terms of Their Grade, Learning Disability and Intelligence Potential

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yukay Yuksel, Muge

    2013-01-01

    In this study, to what extent 7-9-year old primary school children's' social behaviors at school vary depending on their grade, gender and learning disability was investigated. In addition, the predictive value of the intelligence scores of children with normal development and with learning disability was explored for their negative and…

  12. Experiences of the Implementation of a Learning Disability Nursing Liaison Service within an Acute Hospital Setting: A Service Evaluation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Castles, Amy; Bailey, Carol; Gates, Bob; Sooben, Roja

    2014-01-01

    It has been well documented that people with learning disabilities receive poor care in acute settings. Over the last few years, a number of learning disability liaison nurse services have developed in the United Kingdom as a response to this, but there has been a failure to systematically gather evidence as to their effectiveness. This article…

  13. Abdominal Massage for the Treatment of Idiopathic Constipation in Children with Profound Learning Disabilities: A Single Case Study Design

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moss, Lucy; Smith, Melanie; Wharton, Sarah; Hames, Annette

    2008-01-01

    Chronic constipation is a common problem in people with learning disabilities. Treatment often involves dietary changes or long-term laxative use. The participants were five children with profound learning disabilities and additional physical difficulties. Their long-standing idiopathic constipation was managed by laxatives. Intervention lasted up…

  14. Exploring the Diagnosis of "Gifted/LD": Characterizing Postsecondary Students with Learning Disability Diagnoses at Different IQ Levels

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lovett, Benjamin J.; Sparks, Richard L.

    2010-01-01

    Increasing numbers of students are being diagnosed as simultaneously gifted and having a learning disability, although the identification procedures and characteristics of these students are matters of continuing debate. In the present study, postsecondary students with learning disability diagnoses (N = 357) were grouped according to their IQ…

  15. Love in a Cold Climate: Changes in the Fortunes of LGBT Men and Women with Learning Disabilities?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abbott, David

    2015-01-01

    "Secret Loves, Hidden Lives?" was a piece of research which explored the lives and loves of gay, lesbian and bisexual people with learning disabilities. The research arguably influenced the development of policy in that same sex relationships were subsequently mentioned in English government policy on learning disability. The research…

  16. General and Domain-Specific Self-Concepts of Adults with Learning Disabilities: A Meta-Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson, Jason M.

    2012-01-01

    The empirical literature investigating general and domain-specific self-concepts of adults with learning disabilities was examined using meta-analytic techniques. Eight inclusion criteria were developed to evaluate this literature and led to the inclusion of 22 studies. Results indicated that adults with learning disabilities reported lower…

  17. Effect of the Corrective Reading Program for Special Needs Students with Learning Disabilities and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mallory-Knight, Gwendolyn

    2013-01-01

    Implementing effective reading instruction is critical for schools. This study examined the effects of the Corrective Reading (CR) program on junior high students with learning disabilities (LD) and students with learning disabilities and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (LD/ADHD). The research questions were: What differences exist…

  18. Effects of the SOLVE Strategy on the Mathematical Problem Solving Skills of Secondary Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Freeman, Shaqwana Marie

    2013-01-01

    Students with learning disabilities are most typically characterized as struggling readers (i.e., 80-90% of students are identified on the basis of reading failure; LD OnLine, 2008 Lerner, 1989; Lyon, Fletcher, Shaywitz, Torgesen, Wood, et al., 2001); however, as many as 50% of students with learning disabilities have IEP goals in the area of…

  19. Incorporating the Views of Service Users in the Development of an Integrated Psychiatric Service for People with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parkes, Charles; Samuels, Sarah; Hassiotis, Angela; Lynggaard, Henrik; Hall, Ian

    2007-01-01

    During the 1990s, a decision was made within the Learning Disabilities services of Camden & Islington to develop a local integrated service for people requiring an acute psychiatric admission. There had been little research at the time on the experiences of people with learning disabilities within the type of inner London acute mental health…

  20. The effects of music on clients with learning disabilities: a literature review.

    PubMed

    Savarimuthu, Darren; Bunnell, Toni

    2002-08-01

    The aim of this paper was to promote the use of musical interventions with clients with learning disabilities. Musical interventions with this group of clients were found to be effective in reducing self-injurious behaviour, aggression and other behaviour, which challenge the service providers. Music was also found to have the potential to improve the communication skills of clients and to maintain their psychological well being. A review of the literature shows that music, though not widely used in the field of learning disabilities, can be an effective medium through which the quality of life of clients can be enhanced. PMID:12353618