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1

Learned-Helplessness Theory: Implications for Research in Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The application of learned helplessness theory to achievement is discussed within the context of implications for research in learning disabilities. Finally, the similarities between helpless children and learning disabled students in terms of problems solving and attention are discussed. (Author)|

Canino, Frank J.

1981-01-01

2

Learning Disabilities: Implications for Medicine and Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presented at the ASHA-AMA 12th Annual Pre-Convention Session on School Health (Chicago, June 21, 1970), the paper discusses children who have a specific learning disability. Terminology is considered and specific learning disability defined. Attention is given to how the learning disabled child is different, the significance of statistical…

McGrady, Harold J.

3

How Younger Siblings of Children with Learning Disabilities Understand the Cognitive and Social Implications of Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By using videos of children with severe learning disabilities, this study examines understanding of learning disability displayed by the younger siblings of children with learning disabilities as compared with their classmates who have had much less contact with disability. Results indicated that some children from both groups, as young as 3…

Hames, Annette

2005-01-01

4

Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Learning disability is a classification that includes several disorders in which a person has difficulty learning in a typical manner. Depending on the type and severity of the disability, interventions may be used to help the individual learn strategies that will foster future success. Some interventions can be quite simplistic, while others are…

Sittiprapaporn, Wichian, Ed.

2012-01-01

5

Learning Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... t get addressed until the teen years when schoolwork — and life — gets more complicated. Most learning disabilities ... learning, such as books on tape or laptop computers for students who have dyslexia. Medication is often ...

6

Learning from Lectures: The Implications of Note-Taking for Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students with learning disabilities lack effective note-taking skills for a variety of reasons. Despite the important role that notes play in helping students to understand lecture content information and serving as documents for later review, many students with learning disabilities are simply not effective note-takers. Many of these students…

Boyle, Joseph R.

2006-01-01

7

Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Learning disability (LD) refers to a condition in which a child fails to develop adequate academic skills, such as reading,\\u000a writing, or calculation. LDs involve inadequate development of academic skills, rather than representing a loss of previously\\u000a acquired function, although brain lesions may certainly result in cognitive deficits that affect reading, writing, and calculation\\u000a (for a review, see Heilman and

Gayle K. Deutsch; Robert N. Davis

8

Identification of learning disabilities: implications of proposed DSM-5 criteria for school-based assessment.  

PubMed

This article examines the recommended eligibility determination for learning disabilities (LD) in both the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act and the proposed changes in diagnostic criteria in the DSM-5. The focus is on the inclusion of the criterion of responsiveness to intervention (RTI) and the implications for practice of school psychologists and general and special education teachers. The research base on RTI for diagnostic purposes is examined, and considerations of changing roles for clinicians and school-based practitioners are discussed. PMID:23128455

Cavendish, Wendy

2012-11-05

9

Learning Disabilities and ADHD  

MedlinePLUS

... Types of illnesses and disabilities Learning disabilities and ADHD Learning disabilities affect how you understand, remember, and ... learning skills, including memory tips from LD Online. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) top ADHD is a medical condition that ...

10

Common Core Science Standards: Implications for Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Common Core Science Standards represent a new effort to increase science learning for all students. These standards include a focus on English and language arts aspects of science learning, and three dimensions of science standards, including practices of science, crosscutting concepts of science, and disciplinary core ideas in the various…

Scruggs, Thomas E.; Brigham, Frederick J.; Mastropieri, Margo A.

2013-01-01

11

Gifted learning disabled students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Up to 30 per cent of gifted students display a learning disability, with 10 per cent reading at two or more years below their grade level. They are referred to as being ?gifted learning disabled’ or as having the dual exceptionalities of giftedness and learning disabilities. For these students, their learning disability is more likely to be recognised and targeted

John Munro

2002-01-01

12

Learning Disabilities: Implications for Policy regarding Research and Practice--A Report by the National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities, March 2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities (NJCLD) affirms that the construct of learning disabilities represents a valid, unique, and heterogeneous group of disorders, and that recognition of this construct is essential for sound policy and practice. An extensive body of scientific research on learning disabilities continues to…

Learning Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2012

2012-01-01

13

Junior College Experience and Students with Learning Disabilities: Implications for Success at the Four Year University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There are an increasing number of students with learning disabilities attending college. Several factors and programs have been suggested as helpful to the success of students with learning disabilities in the college setting. One of the factors which has been suggested to be helpful is attendance at a two year or junior college. Little research…

Johnson, Gail; Zascavage, Victoria; Gerber, Sarah

2008-01-01

14

The Use of Psychotropic Medication with Adults with Learning Disabilities: Survey Findings and Implications for Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes the findings of a survey into prescribing of psychotropic medication with adults with learning disabilities in a British city. A self-completion questionnaire was sent to staff in dispersed housing and community learning disability teams to gather information about the number of people prescribed psychoactive medication, the…

Chapman, Melanie; Gledhill, Paul; Jones, Phillip; Burton, Mark; Soni, Saroj

2006-01-01

15

Sensory Processing in Students with Specific Learning Disabilities: Findings and Implications for Assessment and Intervention Planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine whether students with specific learning disabilities (SLD) with and without attention-deficit\\/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have different sensory processing when compared to students without disabilities. Parents of 240 students ages 5 to 11 years (120 SLD, 120 typical) completed the Sensory Profile. Multivariate analysis of variance MANOVA revealed that students with SLD have significant

Sunday Dove; Winnie Dunn

2008-01-01

16

Learning Disabilities: Implications for Policy Regarding Research and Practice--A Report by the National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities March 2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Founded in 1975, the National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities (NJCLD) is a national committee of representatives of 12 organizations committed to the education and welfare of individuals with learning disabilities. More than 350,000 individuals constitute the membership of the organizations represented by the NJCLD. The NJCLD considers…

Learning Disability Quarterly, 2011

2011-01-01

17

Approach to learning disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning disabilities (LD) is one of the important causes of poor academic performance in school going children. Learning\\u000a disabilities are developmental disorders that usually manifest during the period of normal education. These disabilities create\\u000a a significant gap between the true potential and day to day performance of an individual. Dyslexia, dysgraphia and dyscalculia\\u000a denote the problem related to reading, writing

Madhuri Kulkarni; Sarika Kalantre; Shubhangi Upadhye; Sunil Karande; Sanjeev Ahuja

2001-01-01

18

Effective Literacy Instruction for Adults with Specific Learning Disabilities: Implications for Adult Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Adults with learning disabilities (LD) attending adult basic education, GED programs, or community colleges are among the lowest performers on measures of literacy. For example, on multiple measures of reading comprehension, adults with LD had a mean reading score at the third grade level, whereas adults without LD read at the fifth grade level.…

Hock, Michael F.

2012-01-01

19

Causal Attributions of Learning Disabled Children: Individual Differences and Their Implications for Persistence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research has shown that learning disabled (LD) children are likely to develop a maladaptive pattern of causal attributions. However, it is unclear whether LD children are more likely to differ from their peers in terms of a greater tendency to attribute their difficulties to insufficient ability or in terms of a greater tendency to blame external factors. The present study

Barbara G. Licht; Janet A. Kistner; Tulin Ozkaragoz; Susan Shapiro; Lynne Clausen

1985-01-01

20

Approach to learning disability.  

PubMed

Learning disabilities (LD) is one of the important causes of poor academic performance in school going children. Learning disabilities are developmental disorders that usually manifest during the period of normal education. These disabilities create a significant gap between the true potential and day to day performance of an individual. Dyslexia, dysgraphia and dyscalculia denote the problem related to reading, writing and mathematics. Perinatal problems are certain neurological conditions, known to be associated with LD; however, genetic predisposition seems to be the most probable etiological factors. Evaluation of a child suspected to be having LD consists of medical examination, vision and hearing test analysis of school performance. The psycho-behaviour assessment and education testing are essential in the process of diagnosis. The experienced persons in the field of LD should interpret the results of such tests. With Individualized Remedial Education Plan (IEP) most children learn to cope up with disability and may get integrated in a regular steam. PMID:11450386

Kulkarni, M; Kalantre, S; Upadhye, S; Karande, S; Ahuja, S

2001-06-01

21

Generalist Genes and Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors reviewed recent quantitative genetic research on learning disabilities that led to the conclusion that genetic diagnoses differ from traditional diagnoses in that the effects of relevant genes are largely general rather than specific. This research suggests that most genes associated with common learning disabilities—language impairment, reading disability, and mathematics disability—are generalists in 3 ways. First, genes that affect

Robert Plomin; Yulia Kovas

2005-01-01

22

A Comparison of WAIS-R and WAIS-III in the Lower IQ Range: Implications for Learning Disability Diagnosis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: Whether the Flynn effect (the increase in the populations' IQ over time) affects the IQ scores of people with learning disability or borderline learning disability remains unclear. The issue is important as the Flynn effect should alter the number of people eligible for health service resources. A comparison of the Wechsler Adult…

Fitzgerald, Suzanne; Gray, Nicola S.; Snowden, Robert J.

2007-01-01

23

Facets of Learning Disabilities  

PubMed Central

The family physician who is asked to see a child with school problems will first have to rule out physical and neurological handicaps. While he will be able in most cases to say what the child's learning difficulty is, he will need the results of psycho-linguistic testing to determine whether the child is suffering from a real disability (dyslexia, dysgraphia, perceptual motor difficulties) or whether the child's school problems are due to other reasons.

Rebhan, Augusta W.

1971-01-01

24

An Exploration of Learning Disabilities in Four Countries: Implications for Test Development and Use in Developing Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tests often are used to assist in assessing common childhood disabilities and disorders (e.g., mental retardation). Learning disabilities and difficulties (LD) constitute the plurality, even the majority, of school-related disorders in many countries. However, tests and other assessment methods to assess LD are not available universally and, among…

Oakland, Thomas; Mpofu, Elias; Gregoire, Jacques; Faulkner, Michael

2007-01-01

25

The social construction of learning disabilities.  

PubMed

Underpinning the technical gaze that dominates learning disabilities theory and practice is the assumption that learning disabilities are a pathology that resides in the heads of individual students, with the corollary that remedial efforts also focus on what goes on in the heads of students classified as learning disabled. This article begins with a critique of the ideology of individualism that situates individual success and failure in the heads of individuals as a means of introducing an alternative perspective--social constructivism--that locates learning and learning problems in the context of human relations and activity. Extended examples are used to illustrate how the performative aspects of learning disabilities emerge in the context of human relationships. The primary argument developed here is that one cannot be learning disabled on one's own. It takes a complex system of interactions performed in just the right way, at the right time, on the stage we call school to make a learning disability. The article concludes with a brief consideration of the instructional implications of a social constructivist stance. PMID:15586466

Dudley-Marling, Curt

26

Psychological Theory and the Study of Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies of students with learning difficulties underscore the key role of specific forms of knowledge and skill in learning. Brown and Campione describe the new look in assessment and instruction, which they predict has potentially revolutionary implications for addressing learning disabilities. Two significant changes in conceptualizing learning difficulties are occurring. First, there is a shift from implicating a general deficit

Ann L. Brown; Joseph C. Campione

1986-01-01

27

Nursing Students with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the following topics: identification and classification of learning disabilities (LD), effects of LD on nursing students, teaching and learning, LD legislation, and academic interventions for nursing students with LD. (SK)

Selekman, Janice

2002-01-01

28

Understanding Learning Disabilities and Substance Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide is designed to assist people with learning disabilities to recognize their disabilities and the connection between learning disabilities and substance abuse. It begins by defining learning disabilities and providing a self-test checklist for common signs and symptoms of learning disabilities. Difficulties with organization, memory,…

Star, Nonnie; Shadoff, Sander

29

Adults with Learning Disabilities Redux.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This introductory article on adults with learning disabilities considers historical antecedents, the role of public policy (the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the 1975 Education for All Handicapped Children Act), the movement within the field of learning disabilities emphasizing transition to adulthood, and the continuance of public policy…

Gerber, Paul J.

2003-01-01

30

The Learning Disabled Adult Offender.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the prevalence of learning disabilities among 189 male inmates in a county jail setting. If inmates scored below the sixth-grade level, they were further tested. From this procedure, it was concluded that there is a much higher rate of learning disabilities among the adult offender population than among the general…

Tevis, Marlan P.; Orem, Richard A.

1985-01-01

31

Lessons Learned in Scaling up Effective Practices: Implications for Promoting Self-Determination within Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The public's increasing demands for greater accountability and a better return on investment from research supported by federal funding requires that organizations studying and solving problems in areas like health, education, disability, and child mental health document the impact of their work. Human service and educational professionals agree…

Bacon, Ansley; Walker, Hill M.; Schwartz, Allen A.; O'Hara, David M.; Calkins, Carl; Wehmeyer, Michael L.

2011-01-01

32

Lessons Learned in Scaling Up Effective Practices: Implications for Promoting Self-Determination within Developmental Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The public's increasing demands for greater accountability and a better return on investment from research supported by federal funding requires that organizations studying and solving problems in areas like health, education, disability, and child mental health document the impact of their work. Human service and educational professionals agree that implementation science is the missing link that connects research outcomes to

Ansley Bacon; Hill M. Walker; Allen A. Schwartz; David M. OHara; Carl Calkins; Michael L. Wehmeyer

2011-01-01

33

Implications of Research and Theory for the Use of Computers with the Learning Disabled. CREATE Monograph Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This monograph, first in a series of six, provides the theoretical background and premises underlying the efforts of the research team and two collaborating California school districts to explore ways in which the computer and related technologies can be more fully and effectively used in the instruction of learning disabled students. Contents…

Weisgerber, Robert A.

34

Reading at the Instructional Level with Children Identified as Learning Disabled: Potential Implications for Response-to-Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Curriculum-based assessment assesses the match between curriculum and student skill by computing the percentage of known words in a reading task and comparing it to the instructional level criterion of 93% to 97% known. The current study examined the effect of preteaching unknown words to 29 third-grade children identified as learning disabled

Burns, Matthew K.

2007-01-01

35

Evidence-Based Strategies for Improving the Reading Comprehension of Secondary Students: Implications for Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reading comprehension is a complex skill that places significant demands on students, beginning with elementary school and continuing through the secondary grades. In this article, we provide an overview of possible factors associated with problems in reading comprehension among secondary students with learning disabilities. Discussion…

Watson, Silvana M. R.; Gable, Robert A.; Gear, Sabra B.; Hughes, Kimberly C.

2012-01-01

36

Socioemotional Disturbances of Learning Disabled Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

A review of research on the relation between socioemotional functioning\\/disturbance and learning disabilities in children suggests that (a) although some learning disabled children suffer from socioemotional disturbance, most do not; (b) there is no single, unitary pattern of emotional disturbance or social incompetence displayed by learning disabled children; (c) the types of socioemotional disturbance exhibited by learning disabled children may

Byron P. Rourke

1988-01-01

37

Language-Based Learning Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... or just learning disabilities , is better because of the relationship between spoken and written language. Many children with reading problems have spoken language problems. The child with dyslexia has trouble almost exclusively with ...

38

Nonverbal Learning Disabilities: An Overview.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Review features of nonverbal learning disabilities in terms of personal, social, and academic manifestations, including deficits in reading comprehension, graphomotor coordination, mathematics, and science. Examines the neuropsychological and learning components associated with developmental right-hemisphere brain syndrome and outlines effective…

Matte, Richard R.; Bolaski, Jon A.

1998-01-01

39

Learning about Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author describes lessons provided for regular class elementary students to help them understand disabilities and disabled persons. Objectives, materials needed, and activities are outlined for six lessons focusing on the following topics: individual differences, wheelchairs; devices that help people walk; amputation, artificial limbs, and…

Popp, Rita Ann

1983-01-01

40

Learning Disabilities and ADHD: Overlapping Spectrum Disorders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Clinical and psychoeducational data were analyzed for 119 children (ages 8-16) referred for learning and/or behavior problems. A learning disability was present in 70 percent of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. A learning disability in written expression was two times more common than a learning disability in reading, math,…

Mayes, Susan D.; Calhoun, Susan L.; Crowell, Errin W.

2000-01-01

41

What Are Learning Disabilities?  

MedlinePLUS

... to say correctly and consistently. 10 Central auditory processing disorder. People with this condition have trouble understanding and ... Disabilities Association of America. (n.d.). Central auditory processing disorder . Retrieved June 15, 2012, from http://www.ldaamerica. ...

42

Assessment of Reading and Learning Disabilities: A Research-Based Intervention-Oriented Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews implications of the three primary components of the federal definition of learning disabilities (discrepancy, heterogeneity, and exclusion) for the assessment of children with learning disabilities (LD). Also proposes a rationale and procedures for more efficient approaches to the identification of children as learning disabled that are…

Fletcher, Jack M.; Foorman, Barbara R.; Boudousquie, Amy

2002-01-01

43

Interdisciplinary Care of the Learning Disabled.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The problems that are encountered in the classroom with learning disabled persons are addressed. Emphasis is placed on the remediation of learning disabilities by a team or interdisciplinary approach in which professionals from various disciplines collabo...

D. Phelps R. Kaplan

1978-01-01

44

The 15% Solution: Libraries and Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses learning disabilities and describes services that have been developed in public libraries to help patrons with learning disabilities. Topics include collection development; assistive technology; outreach programs; staff development; and sources of help and information. (LRW)

Gorman, Audrey J.

1997-01-01

45

Learning Disabilities: Historical Perspectives. Executive Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the federal government's involvement in learning disabilities through task forces, legislation, and funding has been evident only since the 1960s and 1970s, the roots of learning disabilities can be traced back to the early 1800s. Learning disabilities are one of the newest categories officially recognized by the U.S. Department of…

Hallahan, Daniel P.; Mercer, Cecil D.

46

Screening Students for Potential Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study indicates that prenatal\\/birth complications, developmental delays, head injury history and family histry of learning disabilities occur at higher frequencies among college students with learning disabilities, but a family history of diabetes or hypoglycemia, and chronic ear infection history do not occur more often among students with learning disabilities.

Jeanmarie Keim

1995-01-01

47

Forensic Learning Disability Nursing Role Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reports on a study carried out on the role constructs of forensic and nonforensic Learning Disability Nursing in relation to six binary themes. The aims were to identify if there were differences in perceptions of forensic learning disability nurses and nonforensic learning disability nurses in relation to the six binary themes of…

Mason, Tom; Phipps, Dianne; Melling, Kat

2011-01-01

48

Comprehension of humor in children with nonverbal learning disabilities, reading disabilities, and without learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The normal development of humor in children has been well documented with a predictable course that is tied to social, cognitive,\\u000a and linguistic development in children. This study explored humor comprehension in children with nonverbal learning disabilities\\u000a (NVLD). Children with NVLD were compared with children with reading disabilities and a comparison group of children with no\\u000a learning disabilities to assess

Margaret Semrud-Clikeman; Kimberly Glass

2008-01-01

49

Hyperactivity, Learning Disabilities, and Alcohol.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A review of research on the effects of alcohol consumption by pregnant women supports the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's warning about the possible negative effects (learning disabilities, hyperactivity, short attention span, and emotional liability) of children. (Author/CL)|

Gold, Sandra; Sherry, Lee

1984-01-01

50

Learning Disabilities: The Decade Ahead.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are ten papers given at a 1974 conference focusing on realistic goals for serving learning disabled children in the decade ahead. Papers have the following titles and authors: "Introduction and Overview of the Problem of the Conference" (W. Cruickshank); "Concepts of Vision in Relation to Perception" (G. Getman); "Motor Activities and…

Krasnoff, Margaret J., Ed.

51

Controversial Issues in Learning Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The author discusses controversial issues in the field of learning disabilities (LD). Among topics addressed are conflicting definitions of LD and the impact of the operational definition accepted by the US Government; etiological questions concerning the separation of neurological, environmental, and emotional factors; approaches used in…

Sapir, Selma C.

52

Learning Disabilities: The Decade Ahead.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presented are ten papers given at a 1974 conference focusing on realistic goals for serving learning disabled children in the decade ahead. Papers have the following titles and authors: "Introduction and Overview of the Problem of the Conference" (W. Cruickshank); "Concepts of Vision in Relation to Perception" (G. Getman); "Motor Activities and…

Krasnoff, Margaret J., Ed.

53

The adolescent with a learning disability: a developmental perspective.  

PubMed

The psychosocial difficulties that usually accompany learning disabilities are examined from a framework of developmental theory, particularly that of Erik Erikson. The implications of this perspective for treatment of adolescents with learning problems is discussed, and a specific program described. PMID:525512

Cook, L D

1979-01-01

54

The Adolescent with a Learning Disability: A Developmental Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The psychosocial difficulties that usually accompany learning disabilities are examined from a framework of developmental theory, particularly that of Erik Erikson. The implications of this perspective for treatment of adolescents with learning problems is discussed, and the summer residential program at Goddard College described. (Author)

Cook, Louisa D.

1979-01-01

55

Learning Disabilities: Signs, Symptoms and Strategies  

MedlinePLUS

... trust For Parents Home | LD Basics | Assessment & Evaluation | Early Childhood | Attention Deficit Disorder | Help with Your Child | Special Education | Mental Health For Parents > LD Basics > Learning Disabilities: ...

56

POSTSECONDARY LEARNING DISABLED STUDENTS: DO THEIR STUDY HABITS DIFFER FROM THOSE OF THEIR NON?LEARNING DISABLED PEERS?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine if differences exist between postsecondary students with learning disabilities and their non?learning disabled counterparts. Data were collected through two survey forms: one gathered specific data about the learning disabled group; the second provided data about study habits of the learning disabled group and two other groups of non?learning disabled students at San

Suzann M. Norton

1992-01-01

57

Mislabeled Reading and Learning Disabilities: Assessment and Treatment for Reading Difficulties in Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reading affects a plethora of areas in life. Students with learning disabilities often fall into this category due to a lack of practice with reading and less time to focus on building skills. This paper examines the background, the relationship between reading and learning disabilities, the characteristics of students with learning disabilities

Sze, Susan

2009-01-01

58

Mathematics Education for Students with Learning Disabilities: Theory to Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book addresses teaching mathematics to students with learning disabilities, including characteristics and assessment of mathematics learning disabilities, mathematics programming and interventions, and teacher preparation. Chapters include: (1) "Mathematics Education and Students with Learning Disabilities: Instruction" (Diane Pedrotty…

Rivera, Diane Pedrotty, Ed.

59

Sex differences in learning abilities and disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Boys more often than girls are affected by all the cognitive developmental disorders of childhood. Differences in the etiology\\u000a of learning disabilities as well as general sex differences in learning styles in boys versus girls may explain the male preponderance\\u000a in the prevalence of learning disabilities. The effects on learning of hormonal sex differences, maturation rate differences,\\u000a and differences in

Ruth D. Nass

1993-01-01

60

The Complete Learning Disabilities Directory. 2011 Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Published for over a decade, this directory continues to be a successful, sought-after resource, providing valuable information to professionals, families, and individuals in the learning disabilities community. Supported by the National Center for Learning Disabilities, this 2011 edition brings together the most up-to-date information on LD…

Grey House Publishing, 2010

2010-01-01

61

Empowering Library Patrons with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes the characteristics of patrons with learning disabilities (LD) and how these characteristics might affect library use. The lack of services for college patrons who have learning disabilities (LD) in this decade is much like the lack of adequate and appropriate services for high school patrons with LD in previous decades.…

Green, Ravonne A.

2009-01-01

62

Allergies and Learning Disabilities: A Status Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper summarizes and evaluates the research on the relationship between allergies and learning disabilities. The paper considers definitional and conceptual issues, anecdotal reports, experimental studies, and the Feingold hypothesis. It concludes that the role that allergies play in learning disability is complex and interrelated with other…

Stein, Sharon E.; Safran, Stephen P.

1992-01-01

63

TALKING TO YOUR CHILD ABOUT LEARNING DISABILITIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

s a parent, you are the best person to explain learn- ing disabilities to your child. Children with learn- ing disabilities are often the last to know what goes on around them; but when it comes to what goes on inside of them, they need to be the first to know. It's only com- mon courtesy: rather than talking to

Jeanne Gehret

64

Hair Element Content in Learning Disabled Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Hair samples from 31 learning disabled and 22 normal children were analyzed. Significant group differences were determined and a discriminant function was computed which separated the groups with 98 percent accuracy. Elevated lead and cadmium content in the learning disabled group is viewed as being of particular importance. (Author/SL)|

Pihl, R. O.; Parkes, M.

1977-01-01

65

Learning Disabilities In-Service Training Kit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Included in the training kit for teachers in the area of learning disabilities are materials developed by Project Lighthouse for experimental field usage to test the materials. The problem of educating children with learning disabilities is summarized, as is Piaget's model of logical activity. The major divisions of the text then deal with the…

Simpson, Bickley

66

A Comprehensive Study of Learning Disabled Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Analysis of personal and educational histories and test data of 33 learning disabled adults revealed that many characteristics of learning disabled youngsters described in the literature persist into adulthood. Some significant sex differences in the reasoning section of the Woodcock-Johnson Cognitive Ability Test and in math achievement are also…

Buchanan, Mary; Wolf, Joan S.

1986-01-01

67

Lateral dominance in children with learning disabilities.  

PubMed

The purpose of the study was to investigate the occurrence of lateral dominance problems in a sample of children with learning disabilities. Ninety-one children (62 boys, 29 girls) who attended a school for children with learning disabilities were selected for the study. The Harris tests of lateral dominance were administered individually, and the children were rated as having right, left, or mixed dominance for hand, eye, and foot. When compared with normative data on dominance in children, the results showed that the occurrence of mixed hand dominance was no more frequent, the occurrence of mixed eye dominance was less frequent, and the occurrence of mixed foot dominance was more frequent in the children with learning disabilities. Results also showed that the occurrence of mixed and crossed eye-hand dominance was significantly different in children with learning disabilities when compared with children without learning disabilities. However, the occurrence of mixed eye-hand dominance was found to be significantly greater in children without learning disabilities than in learning disabled children. Age and sex were not found to affect the occurrence of lateral dominance problems in children with learning disabilities. PMID:6823468

Connolly, B H

1983-02-01

68

The Complete Learning Disabilities Directory. 2011 Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Published for over a decade, this directory continues to be a successful, sought-after resource, providing valuable information to professionals, families, and individuals in the learning disabilities community. Supported by the National Center for Learning Disabilities, this 2011 edition brings together the most up-to-date information on LD…

Grey House Publishing, 2010

2010-01-01

69

Disabled Learners' Experiences of E-Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article provides an overview and initial findings of the LExDis project which is exploring the e-learning experiences of disabled learners within a UK university in order to increase understanding of the many complex issues and interactions introduced by disabled learners' requirements for accessible e-learning, compatible assistive…

Wald, Mike; Draffan, E. A.; Seale, Jane

2009-01-01

70

Problems with Definition Related to Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study involving 1,337 students in Arizona was conducted to compare the classification of learning disabilities across several school districts, utilizing the then-proposed Bureau of Education for the Handicapped (BEH) formula. Three types of problems were apparent: the basic concept of learning disability varied across districts; the areas of…

McGrady, Harold J.; Wiseman, Douglas E.

71

Learning Disabilities: Best Practices for Professionals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book is written to assist the reader in understanding current thinking in the field of learning disabilities (LD), as well as current practices in that field. Part I describes the characteristics typically associated with LD, and includes the following chapters: "Neurological Basis of Learning Disabilities" (Richard M. Marshall and George W.…

Bender, William N., Ed.

72

Hair Element Content in Learning Disabled Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hair samples from 31 learning disabled and 22 normal children were analyzed for content of 14 elements. Significant group differences were determined and a discriminant function was completed which separated the groups with 98 percent accuracy. Elevated lead and cadmium content in the learning disabled group is viewed as being of particular importance.

R. O. Pihl; M. Parkes

1977-01-01

73

Digit Repetition in Learning-Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated digit repetition performance in learning-disabled children in an effort to assess its clinical and theoretical significance. Clincally, learning-disabled children (N=100) had a higher than expected incidence of large verbal-performance discrepancies, although mean overall digit repetition performance did not differ appreciably from…

Black, F. William

1983-01-01

74

Referential Communicative Effectiveness of Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effect of both age and task variables on the referential communicative effectiveness of 60 learning disabled elementary school children was investigated. The importance of metacognitive factors, in this case spontaneous comparison activities, in accounting for learning disabled children's communication difficulties was also examined. Ss were…

Seidenberg, Pearl L.

75

The Gifted Learning Disabled: Identification and Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines how programs and educational alternatives for the gifted can be modified for learning disabled students. Reviews difficulties in identifying gifted learning disabled through teacher nomination, group achievement scores, group intelligence tests, and previously demonstrated accomplishments and placement in mainstreaming, resource room,…

Fedoruk, Genevieve; Yewchuk, Carolyn

1986-01-01

76

Learning Disabilities Eligibility Model. Introduction & Overview.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document provides an overview of the California Community Colleges Learning Disabilities Eligibility Model. The model provides a uniform system for identifying adults who are eligible for learning disabilities services within the California Community Colleges. Research for the development of the model included an examination of the clinical…

California Community Colleges, Sacramento. High-Tech Center for the Disabled.

77

Frequently Asked Questions about Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brochure, in a question-and-answer format, provides basic information about learning disabilities for faculty at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. The questions address such topics as the definition of a learning disability, diagnostic criteria, documentation criteria, verifying the legitimacy of a student's request for…

Illinois Univ., Urbana. Div. of Rehabilitation Education Services.

78

Social Skills in Children with Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research has documented that children with learning disabilities exhibit deficits in social skills. This paper reviews the existing literature on factors that may contribute to the social skills deficits of children with learning disabilities. These factors include social perception, behavioral problems, problem solving ability, and verbal communication. In addition, the relation of social skills deficits to the peer status of

Sharon A. Cermak; Jacqueline Rieber Aberson

1998-01-01

79

Advances in Learning and Behavioral Disabilities. Volume 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This volume presents 10 papers on research and methodology in learning and behavioral disabilities. Papers have the following titles and authors: "Memory Judgments and Allocation of Study Times in Good and Poor Comprehenders" (Ombretta Papetti et al.); "Diagnostic Spelling Analysis Within Curriculum-Based Measurement: Implications for Students…

Scruggs, Thomas E., Ed.; Mastropieri, Margo A., Ed.

80

Assessment of Learning Disabilities Among a Pharmacy Student Population1  

Microsoft Academic Search

American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy GAPS funding provided support to screen 214 pharmacy students enrolled in a Doctor of Pharmacy Program for dyslexia and other learning disabilities. The results have substantial implications for teaching, testing, and student performance in schools of pharmacy. In its simplest definition, dyslexia is \\

James A. Boyd; Constance A. McKenzie; Thomas J. Holmes Jr

1999-01-01

81

Adults with learning disabilities and psychiatric problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The co-occurrence of psychiatric illness with a learning disability has been well established, and people with learning disabilities are more likely to suffer from mental ill health (including behavioural disorders, personality disorders, autistic-spectrum disorders and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) (Deb et al, 2001b). The arrival of effective medical and psychosocial treatments for psychiatric disorders makes their diagnosis in those with learning

Mike Vanstraelen; Geraldine Holt; Nick Bouras

82

A Two Hundred Year History of Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper was to track the history of learning disabilities and collect intervention theories which might be helpful for adult college students suffering from any number of learning disabilities (LD). There is a vast difference between a learning difficulty and a learning disability; an individual with learning difficulty can learn

Carlson, Shirley

2005-01-01

83

Intraindividual differences in motivation and cognition in students with and without learning disabilities.  

PubMed

The present study examines several cognitive and motivational variables that distinguish children with learning disabilities (n = 19) from children without learning disabilities (n = 20). The total sample included 30 males and 9 females and was composed of white, fifth-grade students from a middle-class community in the Midwest. Results showed that although the students with learning disabilities displayed lower levels of metacognitive knowledge and reading comprehension, they did not differ from the students without learning disabilities on self-efficacy, intrinsic orientation, or anxiety. In addition, they did not show any signs of learned helplessness, although they did tend to attribute success and failure to external causes more often than the students without learning disabilities. Using a cluster analysis that grouped individuals, we found that differences in the motivational and cognitive variables cut across a priori categories of children with and without learning disabilities. Three clusters were formed: one with high comprehension, motivation, and metacognition (mostly children without learning disabilities); one with low levels of comprehension and metacognition but high intrinsic motivation (all children with learning disabilities); and one with low intrinsic motivation but average comprehension, metacognition, and attributional style (approximately equal numbers of children with and without learning disabilities). Implications for diagnosis and intervention for students with learning disabilities are discussed. PMID:8051509

Pintrich, P R; Anderman, E M; Klobucar, C

84

Identifying Simple Numerical Stimuli: Processing Inefficiencies Exhibited by Arithmetic Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children with arithmetic learning disabilities (n=16) and normally achieving controls (n=16) in grades 3-5 were administered a battery of computerized tasks. Memory spans for both letters and digits were found to be smaller among the arithmetic learning disabled children. Implications for teaching are discussed. (Author/CMS)

Koontz, Kristine L.; Berch, Daniel B.

1996-01-01

85

Learning disabilities in Darier's disease patients.  

PubMed

BACKGROUND: Neuropsychiatric features and intellectual difficulties have been reported in studies of Darier's disease. Learning disabilities have never been reported or evaluated systematically in these patients. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of learning disabilities in 76 patients with Darier's disease, and cognitive functioning in 19 of them. METHODS: The data were collected by two methods: a questionnaire, as part of a larger study on the clinical characteristics of 76 patients; and neuropsychological measures for the assessment of learning disabilities in 19 of them. RESULTS: Thirty-one of the 76 patients reported learning disabilities (41%) and 56 (74%) reported a family history of learning disabilities. Significant differences were found between the 19 patients evaluated on cognitive tasks and a control group of 42 skilled learners on subtraction and multiplication tasks. Six (32%) of the 19 were identified as having reading difficulties and five (26%) exhibited low performance on the Concentration Performance Test. All patients had general cognitive ability in the average range. CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest an association between Darier's disease and learning disabilities, a heretofore unreported association, pointing to the need to obtain personal and family history of such disabilities in order to refer cases of clinical concern for further study. PMID:23410204

Dodiuk-Gad, R; Lerner, M; Breznitz, Z; Cohen-Barak, E; Ziv, M; Shani-Adir, A; Amichai, B; Zlotogorski, A; Shalev, S; Rozenman, D

2013-02-15

86

Identification of Sub-Types of Students with Learning Disabilities in Reading and Its Implications for Chinese Word Recognition and Instructional Methods in Hong Kong Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper consists of three studies. The first study aimed to identify sub-types of students with learning disabilities in reading. Based on the dual-route model of reading, words may be read using either a lexical (words are recognized as wholes) or a sub-lexical (words are recognized through grapheme-phoneme correspondence) procedure. Castles…

Ho, Fuk-chuen; Siegel, Linda

2012-01-01

87

An Audit of Adults with Profound and Multiple Learning Disabilities within a West Midlands Community Health Trust--Implications for Service Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An audit was carried out to gain an overview of the profound and multiple learning disabilities (PMLD) population in a local health trust to inform current and future service provision. An overview of the issues faced in developing clear defining criteria is presented. Published definitions of PMLD were used to identify clients from data held on…

Gittins, Deborah; Rose, Nikki

2008-01-01

88

Helping Students with Learning Disabilities Succeed  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students with learning disabilities (LD) frequently take general education science classes because their disabilities are very mild. Sometimes, however, it is difficult for students with LD to succeed in the classes and pass the related high-stakes assessments mandated by No Child Left Behind (NCLB). In this article, the author reviews typical LD…

Steele, Marcee M.

2008-01-01

89

Teaching Algebra to Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Algebra is a gateway to expanded opportunities, but it often poses difficulty for students with learning disabilities. Consequently, it is essential to identify evidence-based instructional strategies for these students. The authors begin by identifying three areas of algebra difficulty experienced by students with disabilities: cognitive…

Impecoven-Lind, Linda S.; Foegen, Anne

2010-01-01

90

People with learning disabilities and specialist services.  

PubMed

Valuing people and Valuing people's oral health both advocate choice and inclusion for people with learning disabilities. Research suggests that services and policy and guidance, while prescriptive and available, have not been effective in reducing oral health inequalities for people with learning disabilities. There is a risk that specialist services led by newly created consultants in special care dentistry may have the unintended effect of reducing choice if general dental practitioners are encouraged to refer all those with learning disabilities. A modified model of access is proposed that primary care organisations could use as a commissioning tool for dental contracts to facilitate choice and maximise involvement in oral health care for those with learning disabilities. PMID:20228748

Owens, J; Dyer, T A; Mistry, K

2010-03-13

91

The Relationship between Dysfunctional Career Thoughts and Adjustment to Disability in College Students with Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the relationship between dysfunctional career thoughts and adjustment to disability among college students with learning disabilities. Data were obtained from 153 college students with learning disabilities at a large southern university and 595 general college students from the normative sample of the Career Thoughts Inventory (CTI). Results indicated that college students with learning disabilities had fewer dysfunctional

Abiola Dipeolu; Robert Reardon; James Sampson; Jane Burkhead

2002-01-01

92

Learning Disabilities; Introduction to Educational and Medical Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed to assist in the development or improvement of programs for children with learning disabilities, the text includes the following discussions: an introduction to children with these disabilities; a new look at learning disabilities; parent and professional relations; the national problem of learning disabilities; the role of the physician…

Tarnopol, Lester, Ed.

93

PROGRESS IN LEARNING DISABILITIES. VOLUME I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE FIRST OF A SERIES DEALING WITH LEARNING DISABILITIES FROM A PSYCHONEUROLOGICAL STANDPOINT, THE VOLUME CONTAINS CURRENT DISCUSSIONS AND RESEARCH REPORTS. TEN AUTHORS FROM A VARIETY OF FIELDS CONTRIBUTE CHAPTERS, EACH WITH AN ACCOMPANYING LIST OF REFERENCES. THE EDITOR, H.R. MYKLEBUST, PROVIDES THE OPENING ARTICLE ON "LEARNING

MYKLEBUST, HELMER R., ED.

94

Freshman Composition for the Learning Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In fall 1992, Del Mar College (DMC), in Corpus Christi, Texas, offered for the first time a college-level composition class for students clinically diagnosed as learning disabled (LD), with the rationale that if LD students were first grouped together to learn the fundamentals of college-level writing and find success among their peers, they would…

Gore, Robert C.

95

Freshman Composition for the Learning Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In fall 1992, Del Mar College (DMC), in Corpus Christi, Texas, offered for the first time a college-level composition class for students clinically diagnosed as learning disabled (LD), with the rationale that if LD students were first grouped together to learn the fundamentals of college-level writing and find success among their peers, they…

Gore, Robert C.

96

Is there a "disability" for learning a foreign language?  

PubMed

Recently, talk of a new type of learning disability (LD)--a foreign language learning disability, or FLLD--has made its way into the LD and foreign language (FL) literature. However, no empirical evidence has been published to support the concept of a "disability" for FL learning by those professionals who use the term. In this article, the author takes the position that there is not a distinct "disability" that can be called an FLLD. He reviews several years of research evidence indicating that any proposal for such a distinct entity is problematic. To support his position, he reviews problems with the current definition and diagnostic criteria for LD. He then cites the many difficulties inherent in the development and use of (a) a logically consistent, easily operationalized, and empirically valid definition of and (b) diagnostic criteria for the FLLD concept. The author then discusses how FL learning problems occur along a continuum of very strong to very poor language learners, and he explains how the proponents of an FLLD misuse the concept of FL aptitude. Finally, the author cites implications resulting from the research evidence on FL learning problems and use of the term FLLD. PMID:17165621

Sparks, Richard L

97

Overcoming the obstacles: Life stories of scientists with learning disabilities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scientific discovery is at the heart of solving many of the problems facing contemporary society. Scientists are retiring at rates that exceed the numbers of new scientists. Unfortunately, scientific careers still appear to be outside the reach of most individuals with learning disabilities. The purpose of this research was to better understand the methods by which successful learning disabled scientists have overcome the barriers and challenges associated with their learning disabilities in their preparation and performance as scientists. This narrative inquiry involved the researcher writing the life stories of four scientists. These life stories were generated from extensive interviews in which each of the scientists recounted their life histories. The researcher used narrative analysis to "make sense" of these learning disabled scientists' life stories. The narrative analysis required the researcher to identify and describe emergent themes characterizing each scientist's life. A cross-case analysis was then performed to uncover commonalities and differences in the lives of these four individuals. Results of the cross-case analysis revealed that all four scientists had a passion for science that emerged at an early age, which, with strong drive and determination, drove these individuals to succeed in spite of the many obstacles arising from their learning disabilities. The analysis also revealed that these scientists chose careers based on their strengths; they actively sought mentors to guide them in their preparation as scientists; and they developed coping techniques to overcome difficulties and succeed. The cross-case analysis also revealed differences in the degree to which each scientist accepted his or her learning disability. While some demonstrated inferior feelings about their successes as scientists, still other individuals revealed feelings of having superior abilities in areas such as visualization and working with people. These individuals revealed beliefs that they developed these special abilities as a result of their learning differences, which made them better than their non-learning disabled peers in certain areas. Finally, the researcher discusses implications of these findings in the light of special accommodations that can be made by teachers, school counselors, and parents to encourage learning disabled children who demonstrate interest in becoming scientists.

Force, Crista Marie

98

No One Knows: Offenders with Learning Difficulties and Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The prevalence of offenders with learning difficulties and learning disabilities is not agreed upon. What is clear, however, is that, regardless of actual numbers, many offenders have learning difficulties that reduce their ability to cope within the criminal justice system, for example, not understanding fully what is happening to them in court…

Talbot, Jenny; Riley, Chris

2007-01-01

99

Working Reflexively in Learning Disabilities: What Emma Taught Us  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article is about the feelings of powerlessness that professionals feel to cure learning disability and to answer questions such as "why do I have a learning disability?". We describe how Emma showed us through role play what it was like to have learning difficulties. This article is interesting to people with learning disabilities because…

Manners, Paula Jean; Russ, Marina

2006-01-01

100

You Don't Outgrow It: Living with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Written for adults with learning disabilities, this book is based on the premise that learning disabilities are not outgrown and thus adults need to learn practical strategies and coping mechanisms. Some of the topics addressed in the book are: what a learning disability (LD) is, terminology, inheritance of LD, kinds of LD, discovering the…

Hayes, Marnell L.

101

Learning to work” in small businesses : Learning and training for young adults with learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The paper alerts small business employers to new dictates of the Disability Discrimination Act (2005) as it applies to learning disabilities. Then the “Learning to Work” project featured in the paper offers small business employers a set of approaches and methods for the identification of a learning-disabled young adult candidate's training needs. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Interviews were carried out

Geoff Ruggeri-Stevens; Susan Goodwin

2007-01-01

102

"Learning to Work" in Small Businesses: Learning and Training for Young Adults with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The paper alerts small business employers to new dictates of the Disability Discrimination Act (2005) as it applies to learning disabilities. Then the "Learning to Work" project featured in the paper offers small business employers a set of approaches and methods for the identification of a learning-disabled young adult candidate's…

Ruggeri-Stevens, Geoff; Goodwin, Susan

2007-01-01

103

Complete Learning Disabilities Handbook: Ready-To-Use Strategies & Activities for Teaching Students with Learning Disabilities. New Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 16 chapters of this comprehensive guide to teaching students with learning disabilities cover the following topics: (1) an overview of the field of learning disabilities (characteristics, causes, prevalence, prognosis, and resources); (2) research in the field of learning disabilities (how the brain works, how children learn); (3) relevant…

Harwell, Joan M.

104

Memory processes in learning disability subtypes of children born preterm  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to evaluate immediate auditory and visual memory processes in learning disability subtypes of 40 children born preterm. Three subgroups of children were examined: (a) primary language disability group (n?=?13), (b) perceptual-motor disability group (n?=?14), and (c) no learning disability diagnosis group without identified language or perceptual-motor learning disability (n?=?13). Between-group comparisons indicate no significant

Thomasin E. McCoy; Amy L. Conrad; Lynn C. Richman; Peg C. Nopoulos; Edward F. Bell

2012-01-01

105

Assessment and Documentation Considerations for Postsecondary Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In order to gain access to accommodations and services at colleges and universities, students with learning disabilities must provide documentation of their disabilities, and as students with learning disabilities access higher education at increasing rates, the need for documentation of their disabilities and its impact becomes even more…

Lindstrom, Jennifer H.; Lindstrom, Will

2011-01-01

106

Compounding the Challenge: Young Deaf Children and Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents a definition of deaf and hard of hearing children with learning disabilities; notes the incidence of children with both disabilities; outlines roadblocks to learning; describes screening, diagnosis, and assessment practices; and offers suggestions for educational programming. (JDD)|

Mauk, Gary W.; Mauk, Pamela P.

1993-01-01

107

Accessible Article: Involving People with Learning Disabilities in Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is an article that talks about our research about sex and relationships for people with learning disabilities. It talks about how people with learning disabilities have been fully involved in the research. (Contains 2 footnotes.)|

Garbutt, Ruth; Tattersall, John; Dunn, Jo; Boycott-Garnett, Rachel

2010-01-01

108

Understanding Mainstreamed Learning Disabled Children in the Regular Reading Class.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies some of the various characteristics learning-disabled children possess. Offers 11 ways for teachers to adapt the reading curriculum for the learning-disabled child in a regular classroom environment. (MG)

Angle, Bernadette

1990-01-01

109

Functional Genomic Analysis of NF1-Associated Learning Disabilities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Learning disabilities severely deteriorate the life of many NF1 patients. However, the pathogenic process for NF1-associated learning disabilities has not been fully understood and an effective therapy is not available. This study was proposed to identify...

S. Tang

2008-01-01

110

Functional Genomic Analysis of NF1-Associated Learning Disabilities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Learning disabilities severely deteriorate the life of many NF1 patients. However, the pathogenic process for NF1-associated learning disabilities has not been fully understood and an effective therapy is not available. This study was proposed to identify...

S. Tang

2007-01-01

111

The Relationship between Learning Disabilities and Homelessness in Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes the relationship between learning disabilities (LD) and homelessness. Research describing the connection between disabilities and homelessness has focused on individuals presenting with disabilities such as mental illness, physical disabilities, medical disabilities, or substance abuse. At this time, the presence of LD in…

Markos, Patricia A.; Strawser, Sherri

2004-01-01

112

For Adults with Learning Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... high school? Understand your options: Post-secondary or higher education is the stage of learning that occurs at ... and matching up with the right institution of higher education help spell success for the student with learning ...

113

Bridges to Practice: Florida's Focus on Adults with Learning Disabilities. Facts and Statistics on Learning Disabilities and Literacy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Learning Disabilities are a general set of disorders that can affect a person's ability in the areas of listening, speaking, reading, writing, and mathematics. The Coordinated Campaign for Learning Disabilities (CCLD), a coalition of national organization...

R. Kenyon

2003-01-01

114

Relationships of People with Learning Disabilities in Ireland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study explored the perspectives of people with learning disabilities on relationships and supports in the Republic of Ireland. A national research network consisting of 21 researchers with learning disabilities, 12 supporters, and 7 university researchers conducted the study. Researchers with learning disabilities and their supporters ran 16…

Bane, Geraldine; Deely, Marie; Donohoe, Brian; Dooher, Martin; Flaherty, Josephine; Iriarte, Edurne Garcia; Hopkins, Rob; Mahon, Ann; Minogue, Ger; Mc Donagh, Padraig; O'Doherty, Siobhain; Curry, Martin; Shannon, Stephen; Tierney, Edel; Wolfe, Marie

2012-01-01

115

Normalisation, Emancipatory Research and Inclusive Research in Learning Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article I set out to trace the influence of two major sets of ideas: normalisation\\/srv, and the social model of disability on inclusive research in learning disability. The argument is that normalisation set the agenda for learning disability research for two or more decades. Inclusive researchers continue to apply normalisation thinking to work with people with learning difficulties,

Jan Walmsley

2001-01-01

116

Early Intervention for Preschool Children with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This review of early intervention for preschool children with learning disabilities examines: (1) definitions of learning disabilities; (2) characteristics of learning-disabled children and children at risk; (3) identification of preschool children at risk; (4) efficacy of early intervention; (4) phases of an early intervention program, including…

Gemma, Anna

117

Delinquency and Learning Disabilities: Evidence for Compensatory Behaviors and Adaptation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The complex relationship between learning disabilities and delinquent behavior is discussed. Two groups of learning disabled adolescents are identified: (1) a group adapting by learning to compensate for their disabilities; (2) a group who had more academic, interpersonal and legal difficulties. (JAZ)

Perlmutter, Barry F.

1987-01-01

118

The Challenge of Identifying Gifted/Learning Disabled Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The following contemporary review illuminates several of the "best methods" to accurately identify gifted/learning disabled (GLD) students? Explanations which clearly define what it means to be gifted, learning disabled (LD) and gifted/learning disabled (GLD) are included and incorporated into a typology of three identities of GLD students.…

Krochak, Linda A.; Ryan, Thomas G.

2007-01-01

119

Intellectual, Academic and Neuropsychological Performance Levels in Learning Disabled Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Normative data are provided for intellectual, academic achievement, and neuropsychological tests based on a sample of 100 learning disabled adults. It was concluded that the cognitive profile found in learning disabled adults is not dissimilar from what is typically found in learning disabled children. (Author/CL)|

McCue, P. Michael; And Others

1986-01-01

120

Activity, attention, and aggression in learning disabled children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research has documented a reliable statistical association between specific learning disabilities in children and certain difficulties in adapting to the behavioral demands of traditional elementary school classrooms. As compared to others their age, many learning disabled children are overactive, inattentive, impulsive, and distractible in such classrooms. Indirect attempts to treat the learning disabilities by changing these associated behaviors have, however,

Donald K. Routh

1979-01-01

121

Teachers' and Mothers' Academic Achievement Expectations for Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated teachers' and mothers' academic achievement expectations for learning disabled and normally achieving Grade 3 children. Found that teachers and mothers had significantly lower academic expectations for learning disabled children. Results are discussed in terms of the importance of positive affective development for learning disabled

Boersma, Frederic J.; Chapman, James W.

1982-01-01

122

Social Competence of Learning Disabled Children: Cognitive and Emotional Aspects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the study was to investigate the structure of social competence among learning disabled children, as reported by themselves and their teachers, and the cognitive and emotional aspects that mediate its level. The sample consisted of 40 learning disabled children and 37 matched nondisabled children. Within Harter's competence model and Schaefer's spherical model, the learning disabled group demonstrated

Malka Margalit; Amiram Raviv

1988-01-01

123

Understanding Young Children: Learning Development and Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet offers practical, easy-to-read suggestions for teachers, paraprofessionals, and parents to help them understand learning development and learning disabilities. The text outlines how the factors of heredity, maturation, and environment determine the degree of development an individual will achieve. The characteristics of children with…

Mayer, Colleen A.

124

A Time to Define: Making the Specific Learning Disability Definition Prescribe Specific Learning Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Unlike other special education categories defined in U.S. law (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act), the definition of specific learning disability (SLD) has not changed since first proposed in 1968. Thus, although the operational definition of SLD has responded to new knowledge and understanding about the construct, the formal definition has remained static for 40 years, creating a schism between theory

Kenneth A. Kavale; Lucinda S Spaulding; Andrea P. Beam

2009-01-01

125

Teaching Science to Students with Learning Disabilities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This helpful article lists and explains six core principles for teaching science to students with learning disabilities, as well as practical examples for each principle. One of the principles explains how different students learn in different ways, and have different strengths. An important thing that is explained is how organization is key for both LD kids and teachers. Teaching in a clear and fresh way is also very important.

2006-03-01

126

Nonverbal learning disabilities: A critical review  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a critical review of the term and concept of nonverbal learning disability (NLD). After a brief historical introduction, the article focuses on the apparent rarity of NLD; the hypothesis of the frequent co-occurrence of emotional disorder, depression, and suicide in NLD; the white matter hypothesis as an explanation of the origin of NLD; and the question of

Otfried Spreen

2011-01-01

127

Teaching Science to Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One of the four guiding principles of the National Science Education Standards is simply "science for all students" (NRC 1996). This principle underscores the belief that all students, regardless of race, gender, or disability, should have the opportunity to learn and understand the essential science content described in the Standards. Because of…

Grumbine, Rich; Alden, Peg Brigham

2006-01-01

128

Evaluating Instructional Materials for Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper describes an instructional material evaluation model that is based on R. Mager's approach to task analysis and may be applied to the selection of materials for learning disabled children. Procedures for listing specific objectives are reviewed, and steps for using the model to evaluate materials are presented. (SBH)

Hickman, Maribeth R.; Anderson, Carol R.

1979-01-01

129

Controversial Medical Treatments of Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author presents a critical review of popular medical treatments for children with learning disabilities, including dietary treatment (food additives theories, brain allergies, hypoglycemia, megavitamin therapy, and trace mineral tests) and neurophysiologic retraining (patterning, sensory integrative therapy, and optometric training). (IM)

Sieben, Robert L.

1977-01-01

130

Montessori and Learning Differences. Children with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses how children with oral and written language disorders can benefit from the Montessori method, especially if the Montessorian is trained to use a Multisensory Structured Language approach. Questions are answered regarding the number of children with learning disabilities, considerations in training the classroom assistant,…

Pickering, Joyce S.

2003-01-01

131

Children with Mathematics Learning Disabilities in Belgium  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Belgium, between 3% and 8% of the children in elementary schools have mathematics learning disabilities (MLD). Many of these children have less developed linguistic, procedural, and mental representation skills. Moreover, a majority of the children have been found to show inaccurate prediction and evaluation skills in Grade 3. MLD often become…

Desoete, A.; Roeyers, H.; De Clercq, A.

2004-01-01

132

Personnel Preparation for the Learning Disabled Adolescent.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Statewide (Virginia) Personnel Preparation Project, designed to provide training and ongoing support for teachers of learning disabled adolescents, consists of four major components: a summer institute, a full-year follow-through directed study program, a four-activity technical assistance program, and a preservice component. (CL)|

Houck, Cherry; Geller, Carol H.

1983-01-01

133

The Learning Disabled: Challenge to Postsecondary Institutions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Defines learning disabled (LD) and discusses problems related to the identification and accommodation of LD students on college campuses. Reviews approaches that have been taken to modify instructional practices and possible solutions to meeting the needs of LD students. Addresses considerations in college selection. (DMM)

Longo, Judith A.

1988-01-01

134

Semantic Integration in Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study involving 60 learning disabled (LD) children (7-10 years old) was designed to determine if LD children go beyond the given information when trying to understand and remember sentences, i.e., do they spontaneously construct inferential relationships like adults and other children, or do they attend to and rehearse individual sentences of…

Klein-Konigsberg, Estelle

135

Future Research Needs in Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper deals with future research needs and problems in learning disabilities, and is divided into the following two broad categories: (1) supporting conditions, which involve necessary prerequisites to the research effort; and (2) procedural considerations, which deal with methodological concerns. First, the problems posed by supporting…

Senf, Gerald M.

136

Policy Issues for Learning Disability Computer Integration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The successes and failures of a private school's three-year computer integration program for secondary students with learning disabilities are examined. Problems ranged from lack of direction, support, and leadership from the administration to the lack of funds for maintenance and development. (Author/JDD)

Galloway, Jerry P.

1990-01-01

137

Comprehensive Assessment and Evaluation of Students with Learning Disabilities: A Paper Prepared by the National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities (NJCLD) strongly supports comprehensive assessment and evaluation of students with learning disabilities by a multidisciplinary team for the identification and diagnosis of students with learning disabilities. Comprehensive assessment of individual students requires the use of multiple data…

Learning Disability Quarterly, 2011

2011-01-01

138

Subtest Scatter and Kaufman Regroupings on the WISC-R in Non-Learning-Disabled and Learning-Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined scatter analysis and Kaufman regroupings of Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised scores. Findings from 31 non-learning-disabled children and 29 learning-disabled children revealed significant difference in Verbal and Performance intelligence quotients between learning-disabled and nondisabled children, with significantly more…

Smith, Teresa; And Others

1993-01-01

139

Value of employment to people with learning disabilities.  

PubMed

A key objective of the Government White Paper 'Valuing People: A New Strategy for Learning Disability for the 21st Century' is to encourage and assist people with learning disabilities to gain employment. This is because very few people with learning disabilities are in paid work and employment is promoted as a means of improving self-esteem, skills and social integration and acceptability. The aim of this article is to highlight some benefits of, and the risks and concerns around, people with learning disabilities undertaking paid work. Learning disability nurses need to be aware of these issues if they are to advise and support clients effectively. If people with learning disabilities are not able or unwilling to enter the world of work then alternative approaches are needed. Leisure has the potential to offer similar benefits as work to people with learning disabilities. PMID:11826319

Jenkins, Robert

140

At Second Glance: Employers and Employees with Learning Disabilities in the Americans with Disabilities Act Era.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Previous findings on employer knowledge about learning disabilities were compared to 25 employers from Pennsylvania and Virginia. Findings indicate that employers are continuing to make efforts to comply with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 regulations but have little knowledge or experience with it in terms of learning disabilities.…

Price, Lynda A.; Gerber, Paul J.

2001-01-01

141

Students with Learning Disabilities in the Music Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There are a number of disabilities that music educators may never encounter among their students in the music classroom; however, all music educators will have students with learning disabilities. Students with learning disabilities may have a variety of "presenting problems" that limit their academic and social success in the music classroom.…

Darrow, Alice-Ann

2012-01-01

142

Backlash against the inclusion of students with learning disabilities in higher education: Implications for transition from post-secondary environments to work.  

PubMed

Individuals with learning disabilities (LD), the largest group of people with disabilities in the United States, are attending college in greater numbers than ever before. Post-secondary training is critical for individuals with LD to make successful transitions into a changing and ever more demanding world of work. Research indicating that college faculty are willing to provide requested accommodations to students with LD suggests that they are increasingly likely to experience successful post-secondary outcomes, and therefore improve their vocational prospects. However, college students with LD and the accommodations they receive have recently garnered some highly critical press. These portrayals may portend problems in higher education for students with LD, who must self-identify and make specific accommodation requests to faculty in order to receive the instruction and testing environments that they require to succeed. Efforts to ensure that the LD label is not ubiquitously applied and that college faculty attempt to separate the idea of merit from achievement and implement instructional practices to better meet the educational needs of students with and without LD are recommended. PMID:12441538

Cook, Bryan G.; Gerber, Michael M.; Murphy, Jane

2000-01-01

143

Children with mathematics learning disabilities in Belgium.  

PubMed

In Belgium, between 3% and 8% of the children in elementary schools have mathematics learning disabilities (MLD). Many of these children have less developed linguistic, procedural, and mental representation skills. Moreover, a majority of the children have been found to show inaccurate prediction and evaluation skills in Grade 3. MLD often become obvious in elementary school. Whereas some children are retained, others are referred to special education. During the last 10 years, the number of children in special education and the number of children with learning disabilities who are following a special guidance program in general education (inclusive education) have increased. Children in Belgium with MLD can get therapy for about 2 years. Nevertheless, many problems continue unresolved even in high school and adulthood. PMID:15493467

Desoete, Annemie; Roeyers, Herbert; De Clercq, Armand

144

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and learning disabilities (LD) are the most commonly used diagnoses for children\\u000a who experience academic and behavioral difficulties. Not only do questions concerning ADHD and LD comprise the majority of\\u000a referrals made to psychologists, psychiatrists, and other professionals, but many children diagnosed with one of these disorders\\u000a also meet diagnostic criteria for the other disorder

Stephen R. Hooper; Emily A. Williams

145

'It's got so politically correct now': parents' talk about empowering individuals with learning disabilities.  

PubMed

Over the last decade the UK Government has made proposals to empower individuals with learning disabilities. Strategies have been implemented to reduce institutionalisation and social segregation. Consequently, some learning disability services are being phased out and the focus of care has moved away from institutions and into the community and family domain. Focusing on discourse as a site for social action and identity construction, we used critical discursive psychology to examine focus group discussions between family carers about facilitating the independence of adult family members with learning disabilities. Unlike official UK Government and learning disability services' constructions of empowerment policy, we found that parents invoked empowerment talk: (1) as a resource to construct the facilitation of independence as an abstract, irresponsible, politically correct professional trend; (2) dilemmatically with meritocratic or practical arguments to undermine notions of facilitating choices; and (3) as a resource to construct new service developments as contrary to the preferences of people with learning disabilities. Parents also described individuals with learning disabilities as unable to cope, and drew stark contrasts between their practice and those of service-professionals when expressing concerns about empowerment. We discuss possible implications of such discourses and contrasts on opportunities for empowering individuals with learning disabilities. PMID:21834940

Jingree, Treena; Finlay, W M L

2011-08-11

146

Gifted students with learning disabilities: who are they?  

PubMed

More than 20 years ago, psychologists first described gifted students with learning disabilities (LD). In the past decade, several sets of identification criteria have been proposed for this population. Many of the suggested assessment practices are unsupported by research in psychoeducational assessment, and some have been directly contradicted by recent research. We argue that an uncritical acceptance of the concept of concomitant giftedness and LD has led to unsound identification procedures and to interventions that are not targeted properly. Specific recommendations for future research and implications for current clinical practice are discussed. PMID:17165619

Lovett, Benjamin J; Lewandowski, Lawrence J

147

Rethinking Learning Disabilities: Understanding Children Who Struggle in School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Experts have yet to reach consensus about what a learning disability is, how to determine if a child has one, and what to do about it. Leading researcher and clinician Deborah Waber offers an alternative to the prevailing view of learning disability as a problem contained within the child. Instead, she shows how learning difficulties are best…

Waber, Deborah P.

2010-01-01

148

Right Brain Teaching Techniques with Elementary Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study presents teaching techniques for use with elementary learning disabled students which utilize right brain simultaneous (as opposed to sequential or left brain) learning processes. It also describes a 15-week classroom project utilizing selected techniques with 11 learning disabled children in grades 2 through 6. The literature review…

Grevenow, Barbara

149

School Shock: Learning Disability as a Dissociative Reaction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning disability is suggested to be a dissociative reaction (school shock) similar to shell shock in wartime requiring appropriate theoretical and remedial approaches. Psychoanalytic and learning theory viewpoints are applied to the nature of learning disabilities. Also considered are the relation of anxiety to achievement and hypnosis to…

Zitani, E. Alfredo

150

Teacher Acceptance of Interventions Implemented for Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Ninety teachers of students with learning disabilities were asked their opinions on one of three research-based interventions for learning disabilities: Cooperative Learning, Story Retelling and School-Home Notes (Rathvon, 1999). The purpose of the study was to measure teacher acceptance ratings of these interventions and whether teacher…

Reichert, Jacqueline A.

2007-01-01

151

Perceived competence and intrinsic motivation in learning disability children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Harter's (1978) developmental model of effectance motivation provided a conceptual framework for this study. Self?ratings of perceived competence and motivational orientation were obtained from learning disability and normal children in the fourth through sixth grades. Teacher ratings were also obtained. Broadening the view of learning disorders to include these non?ability factors, it was hypothesized that learning disability children would have

Ann Lincoln; Saralea Chazan

1979-01-01

152

Locus of Control Orientations in Students with Intellectual Disability, Learning Disabilities, and No Disabilities: A Latent Growth Curve Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Previous research has suggested differences in the locus of control (LOC) orientations of students with intellectual disability, learning disabilities, and no disabilities, although this research has been characterized by methodological limitations. The purpose of this study was to examine the development of LOC orientations in students with…

Shogren, Karrie A.; Bovaird, James A.; Palmer, Susan B.; Wehmeyer, Michael L.

2010-01-01

153

Making Sense of Number Sense: Implications for Children With Mathematical Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing on various approaches to the study of mathematics learning, Gersten, Jordan, and Flojo (in this issue) explore the implications of this research for identifying children at risk for developing mathematical disabilities. One of the key topics Gersten et al. consider in their review is that of "number sense." I expand on their preliminary…

Berch, Daniel B.

2005-01-01

154

Screening for Offenders with an Intellectual Disability: The Validity of the Learning Disability Screening Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study assessed the validity of an intellectual disability screening tool, the Learning Disability Screening Questionnaire (LDSQ), in three forensic settings: a community intellectual disability forensic service; a forensic in-patient secure unit and a prison, using data for 94 individuals. A significant positive relationship was found between…

McKenzie, Karen; Michie, Amanda; Murray, Aja; Hales, Charlene

2012-01-01

155

Protecting people with learning disabilities from abuse: a key role for learning disability nurses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning disability nurses are in a prime position to help protect clients from abuse. But current training programmes are not preparing nurses adequately to fulfill this role. This article argues that a shift in organisational culture is required in order to ensure new knowledge is properly integrated with nurses' experience and training needs.

Rachel Davies; Robert Jenkins

2004-01-01

156

Learning Disabilities and Criminal Justice: Custody Sergeants' Perceptions of Alleged Offenders with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recent research demonstrates that despite increased attention and awareness by politicians and decision-makers, people with learning disabilities are still disadvantaged when engaging with the criminal justice system. It has been argued that shortcomings in providing support are because of criminal justice professionals lacking necessary skills…

Hellenbach, Michael

2012-01-01

157

Learning Disabilities Teachers' Perceptions of Educational Programs for Adolescents with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study examined perceptions of 135 teachers of learning-disabled students working in middle-junior high and high school programs regarding (1) presence of attributes of successful programs; (2) their professional views on field-related issues; and (3) suggestions for program improvement. (Author/DB)|

Houck, Cherry K.; And Others

1988-01-01

158

34 CFR 300.309 - Determining the existence of a specific learning disability.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...areas, when provided with learning experiences and instruction...identification of a specific learning disability, using appropriate...the result ofâ (i) A visual, hearing, or motor disability...suspected of having a specific learning disability is not due to...

2009-07-01

159

34 CFR 300.309 - Determining the existence of a specific learning disability.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...areas, when provided with learning experiences and instruction...identification of a specific learning disability, using appropriate...the result ofâ (i) A visual, hearing, or motor disability...suspected of having a specific learning disability is not due to...

2010-07-01

160

Teaching Students about Learning Disabilities through Children's Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's literature often portrays characters with disabilities. These books may be used to promote awareness, understanding, and acceptance of those with disabilities. We provide guidelines for selecting high-quality literature and ideas for using characterizations of learning disabilities to teach students about themselves and others. Two…

Anne Prater, Marry; Taylor Dyches, Tina; Johnstun, Marissa

2006-01-01

161

Teaching Students about Learning Disabilities through Children's Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Children's literature often portrays characters with disabilities. These books may be used to promote awareness, understanding, and acceptance of those with disabilities. We provide guidelines for selecting high-quality literature and ideas for using characterizations of learning disabilities to teach students about themselves and others. Two…

Anne Prater, Marry; Taylor Dyches, Tina; Johnstun, Marissa

2006-01-01

162

Learning Abilities and Disabilities: Generalist Genes, Specialist Environments.  

PubMed

Twin studies comparing identical and fraternal twins consistently show substantial genetic influence on individual differences in learning abilities such as reading and mathematics, as well as in other cognitive abilities such as spatial ability and memory. Multivariate genetic research has shown that the same set of genes is largely responsible for genetic influence on these diverse cognitive areas. We call these "generalist genes." What differentiates these abilities is largely the environment, especially nonshared environments that make children growing up in the same family different from one another. These multivariate genetic findings of generalist genes and specialist environments have far-reaching implications for diagnosis and treatment of learning disabilities and for understanding the brain mechanisms that mediate these effects. PMID:20351764

Kovas, Yulia; Plomin, Robert

2007-10-01

163

Skills, Standards, and Disabilities: How Youth with Learning Disabilities Fare in High School and beyond  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Learning disabled youth in the Child and Young Adult samples of the NLSY79 are "more" likely to graduate from high school than peers with the same measured cognitive ability, a difference that cannot be explained by differences in noncognitive skills, families, or school resources. Instead, I find that learning disabled students graduate from…

McGee, Andrew

2011-01-01

164

Disabling a Family? Emotional Dilemmas Experienced in Becoming a Parent of a Child with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Becoming the parent of a child diagnosed with learning disabilities can have a dramatic impact. Chrissie Rogers, the author of this article, is both a lecturer in education studies at Keele University and the mother of a daughter who has learning disabilities. She argues here that the pressures on mothers to produce "perfect" babies and to meet…

Rogers, Chrissie

2007-01-01

165

Coping with school stress: a comparison of adolescents with and without learning disabilities.  

PubMed

The experience of school-related stress during the transition to junior high school is compared in a sample of 59 students with learning disabilities (27 females, 32 males) and 402 students without learning disabilities (241 females, 161 males). Using a checklist of 11 stressful school events, the authors found that adolescents with learning disabilities were more likely to report that they had failed a class and less likely to report they had been chosen for a school activity than their non-learning disabled peers. However, the two groups of students did not differ in their perceived stressfulness of any of the pertinent school events. Students with learning disabilities reported relying on cognitive avoidance as a coping strategy more heavily than did non-learning disabled students when coping with an academic stress event, and reported that they mobilized fewer peers for social support when dealing with an academic stressor or with an interpersonal problem. The implications of these differences for the students' well-being are discussed. It is also suggested that school policies need to be examined for their impact on the opportunity for students with special needs to form supportive peer relations within the school environment. PMID:8732890

Geisthardt, C; Munsch, J

1996-05-01

166

At second glance: employers and employees with learning disabilities in the Americans with Disabilities Act era.  

PubMed

The impact of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 on the American workplace is examined. The findings of a previous study (Gerber, 1992) on employer knowledge about learning disabilities are compared to current findings. Important themes and employer beliefs and practices that were consistent in employer responses are described. Although employers are continuing to make efforts to comply with the regulations of the ADA, they still have relatively little knowledge or experience with it in terms of learning disabilities. PMID:15499875

Price, L A; Gerber, P J

167

Working with Children with Learning Disabilities and\\/or who Communicate Non?verbally: Research Experiences and their Implications for Social Work Education, Increased Participation and Social Inclusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social exclusion, although much debated in the UK, frequently focuses on children as a key ‘at risk’ group. However, some groups, such as disabled children, receive less consideration. Similarly, despite both UK and international policy and guidance encouraging the involvement of disabled children and their right to participate in decision?making arenas, they are frequently denied this right. UK based evidence

Wendy Mitchell; Anita Franklin; Veronica Greco; Margaret Bell

2009-01-01

168

Chronological Age and the Identification of Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Children are generally identified as learning disabled as a result of their achievement and perceptual skills below an expectancy level which is based on mental age, grade level and/or chronological age. Despite its usefulness, Maturity is infrequently considered. The ages at entrance to school of a group of 67 learning disabled (LD) students…

Erion, R. Joel

169

Skills for Support: Personal Assistants and People with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|For people with learning disabilities to have control over their lives, the quality of their support staff matters. This paper reports on an inclusive research study, which used video analysis to study the communication skills of personal assistants (PAs) who worked with people with learning disabilities. The findings reveal some of the fine…

Williams, Val; Ponting, Lisa; Ford, Kerrie; Rudge, Philippa

2010-01-01

170

Academic Red-Shirting among Children with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The current study examined whether the parental practice of delayed kindergarten entrance, also known as academic red-shirting, was associated with gains in academic achievement among children with learning disabilities. Results indicate no significant differences in the academic achievement among children with learning disabilities who were…

Barnard-Brak, Lucy

2009-01-01

171

Many Students with Learning Disabilities Are Not Receiving Special Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Students with learning disabilities are not receiving "special" education, which is based on the core principles of intensive, relentless, structured, appropriately paced instruction in small groups with frequent monitoring of each student's progress. We believe that the diminution of special education for students with learning disabilities has…

Hallahan, Daniel P.; Cohen, Sandra B.

2008-01-01

172

Effective Spelling Instruction for Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Difficulty with spelling is a perennial challenge for students with learning disabilities. Several decades of research, however, have identified both fundamental linguistic concepts and instructional approaches that, when understood by a teacher, can be applied to teach students with learning disabilities to spell. In this article, a brief…

Sayeski, Kristin L.

2011-01-01

173

Systemic Working in Learning Disability Services: A UK Wide Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Systemic therapy works not just with the individual but those around them in trying to address difficulties and find ways forward. This approach has received increasing attention in learning disability settings over recent years. To date little is known about the provision of systemic therapy in learning disability services in the UK. This…

Kaur, Gurpreet; Scior, Katrina; Wilson, Suzanne

2009-01-01

174

Postschool Goals and Transition Services for Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes the initial findings for students with learning disabilities from the first year of The Ohio Longitudinal Transition Study (OLTS). The study included 416 participants with learning disabilities who were exiting high school. Data from an in-school survey were analyzed by sample demographics (e.g. school setting, school type,…

Daviso, Alfred W.; Denney, Stephen C.; Baer, Robert M.; Flexer, Robert

2011-01-01

175

Systemic Working in Learning Disability Services: A UK Wide Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Systemic therapy works not just with the individual but those around them in trying to address difficulties and find ways forward. This approach has received increasing attention in learning disability settings over recent years. To date little is known about the provision of systemic therapy in learning disability services in the UK. This article…

Kaur, Gurpreet; Scior, Katrina; Wilson, Suzanne

2009-01-01

176

Accommodating College Students with Learning Disabilities: ADD, ADHD, and Dyslexia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universities are providing extra time on tests, quiet exam rooms, in-class note-takers, and other assistance to college students with modest learning disabilities. But these policies are shrouded in secrecy. This paper, "Accommodating College Students with Learning Disabilities: ADD, ADHD, and Dyslexia," by Melana Zyla Vickers, examines the nature…

Vickers, Melana Zyla

2010-01-01

177

Math and Science Strategies for English Learners with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Students with learning disabilities have significantly lower achievement in math and science than students from the general population. If these students with learning disabilities also are English Learners, the challenges for success in math and science are even more difficult. Teachers need to infuse best practices into their classrooms to…

Peterson, Patricia; Johnson, Gae; Showalter, Stephen

2012-01-01

178

Social Skills Deficits in Learning Disabilities: The Psychiatric Comorbidity Hypothesis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the hypothesis that social skill deficits among children with learning disabilities are associated with high rates of undetected psychiatric diagnoses. The maladaptive social skills patterns of children with specific subtypes of learning disabilities appear to mimic the symptom patterns of children with attention deficit…

San Miguel, Stephanie K.; And Others

1996-01-01

179

Visual Search in Learning Disabled and Hyperactive Boys.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Twelve learning disabled (LD), 12 learning disabled hyperactive (LDH) and 12 hyperactive (H) boys (6-11 years old) participated in an investigation of selective attention. Ss were asked to search for a target letter embedded within an array of noise letters. Two variations were included: one involving a simultaneous search for four possible…

McIntyre, Curtis W.; And Others

180

Mixed Lateral Dominance as a Predictive Factor of Learning Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report discusses the outcomes of a study of 147 children (ages 7-10) with learning disabilities that investigated the extent to which students legally classified with learning disabilities concurrently manifested mixed lateral dominance (MLD). The study was conducted to determine if MLD was a possible predictive factor for early…

Powers, P. J.; Putnam, Jon

181

Reading comprehension difficulties experienced by students with learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students with learning disabilities often experience poor comprehension due to their failure to read strategically and to spontaneously monitor their understanding while reading. This paper discusses in relation to current literature, the various problems with reading comprehension commonly experienced by students with learning disabilities. Specifically, these students may encounter problems in: (A) using background knowledge appropriately; (B) decoding and word

Lorraine Graham; Anne Bellert

2005-01-01

182

Many Students with Learning Disabilities Are Not Receiving Special Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students with learning disabilities are not receiving "special" education, which is based on the core principles of intensive, relentless, structured, appropriately paced instruction in small groups with frequent monitoring of each student's progress. We believe that the diminution of special education for students with learning disabilities has…

Hallahan, Daniel P.; Cohen, Sandra B.

2008-01-01

183

Validation of Language Subtypes in Learning Disabled Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The nature of individual differences has long been of interest in the fields of education and psychology. In recent years, attempts to view individual differences within heterogeneous diagnostic categories have led to a number of new and productive approaches, particularly in the area of learning disabilities. Using Q-factor analysis and cluster analysis, researchers have found subtypes of learning disabilities. In

Lynne Feagans; Mark I. Appelbaum

1986-01-01

184

Validating Optimal Response Modes of Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To determine optimal and least effective response modes of learning disabled children, the Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities was used. Results suggest that learning disabled children may do poorly on academic tasks because they may not have enough optimal response modes, or are unable to select the appropriate one. (Author/SJL)

Braggio, John T.; And Others

1980-01-01

185

Learning Disabled Children's Conversational Competence: Responses to Inadequate Messages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study which examined learning disabled children's understanding of conversational rules for initiating repair of a communication breakdown. Results show learning disabled children were less likely to request clarification of inadequate messages and made fewer correct referent choices than normal children, but analyses suggest this…

Donahue, Mavis; And Others

1980-01-01

186

Self concepts and locus of control of learning disabled children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies of the self concept and locus of control of learning disabled children indicate that learning disabled children are more likely than nondisabled children to have negative self concepts, to believe that their successes are the result of luck or other people; and that their failures are insurmountable. Furthermore it has been found that these maladaptive attitudes and attributions are

Tanis Bryan; Ruth Pearl

1979-01-01

187

Learning Disabled Children's Syntactic Proficiency on a Communicative Task.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The syntactic proficiency of 67 learning disabled children was evaluated during a task requiring them to convey information to a listener. Learning disabled children in all grades were found to produce shorter mean main clauses than nondisabled children even on this relatively simple communicative task. (Author/SEW)

Donahue, Mavis; And Others

1982-01-01

188

Mothers' Evaluations of Their Learning-Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mothers of 23 learning disabled and 23 nondisabled elementary school children were interviewed to determine their perceptions of their child's strengths and weaknesses, causal attributions for these strengths and weaknesses, predictions for future performance, and evaluations of their child relative to other children. Mothers of learning disabled

Bryan, Tanis; And Others

1982-01-01

189

Longitudinal Development of Conservation Skills in Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A longitudinal investigation on development of conservation skills in 31 learning disabled (LD) children suggested that delayed transition between preoperational and concrete operational thought may be an important factor in understanding the continued school failure of learning disabled children. (Author/CL)

Speece, Deborah L.; And Others

1986-01-01

190

Learning Disabled Children's Attitudes toward Reading and Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to measure how learning disabled (LD) children perceive reading and libraries. No similar studies were found during the literature search undertaken for this project. Twenty-three fourth and fifth grade students identified as learning disabled by their school system were interviewed to collect information on their…

Richards, Vicki

191

The Warning Signs of Learning Disabilities. ERIC Digest #E603.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This brief paper summarizes warning signs of learning disabilities in preschool children, elementary school children, and secondary school children. It notes that learning disabilities are presumed to arise from dysfunctions in the brain resulting in significant difficulties in perceiving information, processing and/or remembering information,…

Bergert, Susan

192

34 CFR 300.307 - Specific learning disabilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...8(c)(10). In addition, the criteria...child has a specific learning disability, as defined in § 300.8(c...permit the use of a process based on the child's...child has a specific learning disability, as defined in §...

2010-07-01

193

34 CFR 300.307 - Specific learning disabilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...8(c)(10). In addition, the criteria...child has a specific learning disability, as defined in § 300.8(c...permit the use of a process based on the child's...child has a specific learning disability, as defined in §...

2009-07-01

194

Automatized Processing in Learning Disabled Adults: RAN, RAS, and Reading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Measures of automaticity have shown different developmental trends in the speed and accuracy of processing in learning disabled (LD) and normally achieving children. This study extends this research to young adults, comparing the learning disabled with normal achievers. Its primary focus was to document the presence of basic processing deficits in…

Hutchens, Teresa A.

195

Learning Disabilities and Juvenile Justice. Special Edition. Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This special newsletter issue on learning disabilities and juvenile justice includes statistics indicating unfavorable outcomes for many individuals with learning disabilities, presents findings of the Incarcerated Youth Task Force Report, and describes five successful programs for teaching reading. Articles include: "Parents Don't Care!--Or Do…

Tyner, Polly, Ed.

1995-01-01

196

Menstrual Problems Experienced by Women with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Menstruation appears to be problematic for women with learning disabilities, yet there has been little quantitative research on their experiences, or comparisons with other groups of women. This paper considers the nature and extent of menstrual problems experienced by women with learning disabilities. Methods: The data reported here…

Rodgers, Jackie; Lipscombe, Jo; Santer, Miriam

2006-01-01

197

How Adults with Learning Disabilities View Living Independently  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|It is seen as increasingly important for people with learning disabilities to be supported to live independently and manage their own self care, productivity and leisure activities. This qualitative study explored the experiences of nine adults with mild learning disabilities who lived alone with minimal support. Their narratives were analysed…

Bond, Rebecca J.; Hurst, Jenni

2010-01-01

198

National Center for Learning Disabilities, Inc. 2005 Annual Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 2005, the National Center for Learning Disabilities (NCLD) helped more children, more parents and more educators than ever before. Through their programs, information services, and policy initiatives, they raised awareness, mobilized advocates, and took action to help ensure that learning disabilities are identified and addressed early and…

National Center for Learning Disabilities, 2006

2006-01-01

199

Helping children with learning disabilities. Making sense of multisensory environments.  

PubMed

Multisensory environments are specially designed to enable individuals with learning disabilities to enjoy a wide range of sensory experiences. The author, a lecturer in occupational therapy, outlines the history and features of multisensory environments. Using two case studies, he illustrates how they can be used in successful therapeutic interventions. The article reviews the function of multisensory environments for children with learning disabilities. PMID:15160624

Hong, Chia Swee

2004-01-01

200

Unanticipated Effects of Children with Learning Disabilities on Their Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the unanticipated effects that children with learning disabilities have on the life of their families. Eleven parents of students aged 8 to 16 years old participated in two separate focus group interviews. Findings showed that children with learning disabilities had a range of effects on their families. These included family…

Dyson, Lily

2010-01-01

201

Cognitive Therapy Abilities in People with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: There is a need to develop and adapt therapies for use with people with learning disabilities who have mental health problems. Aims: To examine the performance of people with learning disabilities on two cognitive therapy tasks (emotion recognition and discrimination among thoughts, feelings and behaviours). We hypothesized that…

Sams, Kathryn; Collins, Suzanne; Reynolds, Shirley

2006-01-01

202

Academic Library Services and the Learning Disabled College Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In addition to a literature review emphasizing definitions, statistics, and legislation concerning learning disabilities, this paper presents the results of a 1987 survey of academic libraries regarding their services for postsecondary learning disabled students. Responses (n=525) to the questionnaire indicated that, as a group, academic…

Gustafson, Julia; Langan, Kerry

203

Algebra Progress Monitoring and Interventions for Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Competence in algebra is linked to access to higher education, employment in better-paying jobs, and, increasingly, the ability to earn a high school diploma. For many students with learning disabilities, developing proficiency in algebra represents a challenging, but necessary goal. Teachers of students with learning disabilities need access to…

Foegen, Anne

2008-01-01

204

A Systems Framework for Assessing Attitudes toward the Learning Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The article describes a systems framework for assessing attitudes toward learning disabled students. Generalizations concerning the framework are drawn to assist researchers, school practitioners, and project directors in formulating research questions and analyzing data regarding the nature and effects of attitudes toward the learning disabled.…

Podemski, Richard S.; Marsh, George E., II

1981-01-01

205

Americans with disabilities act: Implications for family therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides a review of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (Public Law 101–596) and discusses its implications for family therapy. Consideration is given to the family therapist's proper form of advocacy of rights and therapeutic usage of the Act for empowering the individual with a disability and his or her family.

Robert Henley Woody

1993-01-01

206

Supporting medical students with learning disabilities in Asian medical schools  

PubMed Central

Learning disabilities (LDs) represent the largest group of disabilities in higher education (HE) institutes, including medical schools, and the numbers are continuing to rise. The worrying concern is that two-thirds to half of these students with LDs remain undiagnosed when they start their undergraduate education and may even graduate without having their disabilities diagnosed. These students struggle with their academic abilities, receive poor grades and, as a result, develop lower perceptions of their intellectual abilities than do those students without LDs. All these ultimately hamper their professional practice, employment, and career progression. Appropriate and adequate educational policies, provisions, and practices help students to progress satisfactorily. In Asian countries, public and professional awareness about LDs is low, supportive provisions are limited, legislations are inadequate, data are scarce, and equal-opportunity/widening-participation policies are not implemented effectively in the HE sector. This article discusses the issues related to LDs in medical education and draws policy, provision, and practice implications to identify, assess, and support students with LDs in medical schools, particularly in an Asian context.

Majumder, Md. Anwarul Azim; Rahman, Sayeeda; D'Souza, Urban JA; Elbeheri, Gad; Abdulrahman, Khalid Bin; Huq, M Muzaherul

2010-01-01

207

Concurrent Validity of the Test of Nonverbal Intelligence with Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results of the Test of Nonverbal Intelligence (TONI), Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised (WISC-R), and Wide Range Achievement Test were compared for 66 learning disabled children in grades one through six. The TONI mean score was found to be significantly different from the WISC-R Performance Intelligence Quotient (IQ). Implications

Haddad, Frederick A.

1986-01-01

208

Self-Efficacy and Stress of Staff Managing Challenging Behaviours of People with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Self-efficacy has been reported to play a significant role in stress levels of parents facing challenging behaviours of their children with learning disabilities. The role of self-efficacy has also been found to affect the stress levels of professional caregivers in such situations. To understand the implications of staff self-efficacy in…

Cudre-Mauroux, Annick

2011-01-01

209

Self-Efficacy and Stress of Staff Managing Challenging Behaviours of People with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Self-efficacy has been reported to play a significant role in stress levels of parents facing challenging behaviours of their children with learning disabilities. The role of self-efficacy has also been found to affect the stress levels of professional caregivers in such situations. To understand the implications of staff self-efficacy in…

Cudre-Mauroux, Annick

2011-01-01

210

The Americans with Disabilities Act and Adults with Learning Disabilities a Employees: The Realities of the Workplace.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Twenty-five adults with learning disabilities were queried to examine their employment experiences at job entry and in job advancement vis-a-vis the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). Results suggest that Title 1 of the ADA is underutilized by individuals with learning disabilities in the workplace. Self-disclosure about disability was rare…

Price, Lynda; Gerber, Paul J.; Mulligan, Robert

2003-01-01

211

The Gifted/Learning Disabled Child: A Guide for Teachers and Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of learning disabilities in gifted children provides definitions of "learning disabilities" and "giftedness", a classification of gifted students with learning disabilities, the importance of a multidimensional approach to identifying students with gifts/learning disabilities, characteristics, programming guidelines, teaching strategies,…

Fetzer, Erin A.

2000-01-01

212

Differential categorization of words by learning disabled, gifted, and nonexceptional students.  

PubMed

This research was done to answer whether learning disabled students attend to different word features than nonexceptional and gifted students and whether there is a difference by grade. Word sorts of meaningful and nonsense words were used to estimate differences between 145 first- and fifth-grade learning disabled, nonexceptional, and gifted groups. Analyses indicated that 54 learning disabled students were more likely to provide no response or to give simpler responses than 61 nonexceptional or 30 gifted peers. Older children (n = 78) attended to more and varied word features, were more likely to focus on recognizable meaning, and were more able to use syllables as a tool for sorting than were 67 younger children. Significant differences were noted between grade and exceptionality groups. Implications for practical application and further research are discussed. PMID:8532464

Siegel, J; Cook, R; Gerard, J

1995-08-01

213

Effect of a Home Learning Program on Learning Disabled Children's Balance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Improving the balance of learning disabled children was investigated through the use of a 12-week structured gross motor home learning program. Analyses concluded that parents can significantly enhance the static and dynamic balance of their learning disabled children by implementing a structured gross-motor training program at home. (Author/PN)

Horvat, Michael A.

1982-01-01

214

Visual Literacy: A Concrete Language for the Learning Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The role of the right hemisphere of the brain in learning is examined, and the possibility of using visuals to improve verbal learning in right brain dominant learning disabled students is suggested. Approaches to stimulate oral language production, aid in the recall of written language, and achieve organizational style in writing through…

Sinatra, Richard

215

The Complete Learning Disabilities Directory: 2005/06 Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the twelfth edition of the most comprehensive reference book covering the wide range of learning disabilities resources available nationwide. This directory contains well over 7,000 entries and covers the schools, learning centers, vocational training programs, associations and organizations, and government agencies involved in learning

Grey House Publishing, 2005

2005-01-01

216

Adults with Learning Disabilities and the Underutilization of the Americans with Disabilities Act  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article explored the use of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) by individuals with learning disabilities (LD) in the workplace. A review of the extant literature revealed that people with LD were not likely to use the ADA as employees. Moreover, an analysis of selected, commonly used materials regarding transition indicated a lack of…

Price, Lynda A.; Gerber, Paul J.; Mulligan, Robert

2007-01-01

217

Confronting Similar Challenges? Disabled and Non-Disabled Students' Learning and Assessment Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The article presents evidence from a systematic survey of disabled (n = 172) and non-disabled (n = 312) students regarding their learning and assessment experiences within one higher education institution in the UK. This study builds upon previous work in the sector, with the aim of gathering evidence to inform inclusive policy and practice for…

Madriaga, Manuel; Hanson, Katie; Heaton, Caroline; Kay, Helen; Newitt, Sarah; Walker, Ann

2010-01-01

218

Teacher with a Learning Disability: Legal Issues and District Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This case study focuses on a teacher who discloses a learning disability to her Principal. Given the teacher's challenges in retention of her content material, the district is faced with how to handle the personnel situation of an employee with a disability. This case raises questions of how to balance the needs and interests of students with the…

Clayton, Jennifer K.

2009-01-01

219

Diagnosing a Learning Disability in a Hearing-Impaired Child.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents a case study that used an interdisciplinary diagnostic approach to determine whether a hearing-impaired nine-year-old child had a learning disability and to determine the type of disability. The assessment included medical examination, gross and fine motor skills, psychological functioning, mental processing and achievement,…

Plapinger, Donald; Sikora, Darryn

1990-01-01

220

Current Best Practices in Learning Disabilities in Israel  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present an analysis of the current state of practice in the diagnosis and treatment of learning disabilities (LD) in Israel. Through an examination of the cultural, historical, and demographic background of the country (\\

Thomas P. Gumpel; Varda Sharoni

2007-01-01

221

Visual Search in Learning Disabled and Hyperactive Boys.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To test the suggestion that a deficit in selective attention is characteristic of learning disabled (LD) but not hyperactive (H) children, 72 students (12 LDH, 12 H, and 36 normal Ss) were timed on visual search tasks. (Author)|

McIntyre, Curtis W.; And Others

1981-01-01

222

Cross-dressing in men with learning disabilities.  

PubMed

Four men with learning disabilities were considered to show transvestic fetishism, and a fifth to show transvestism. However, developmental retardation and personality problems may modify the concepts behind such categorisation. PMID:8481751

Bowler, C; Collacott, R A

1993-04-01

223

Urine fetish in a man with learning disabilities.  

PubMed

Urine fetishes are uncommon. A 30-year-old man with learning disabilities and a fetish for observing women urinate is described, and the possible dynamic aspects of his paraphilia are discussed. PMID:7787385

Collacott, R A; Cooper, S A

1995-04-01

224

The WRAT and the PIAT with Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study was designed to provide a comparison of Peabody Individual Achievement Test (PIAT) and Wide Range Achievement Test (WRAT) scores in 49 learning disabled children (mean age 11 years at initial testing). (SBH)

Scull, John W.; Brand, Linda Hill

1980-01-01

225

Locus of Control and Personality Functioning of Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluated the personality functioning of learning disabled children, who ranged in age from 7 through 11. Significant externality was noted for both males and females. Older children were significantly more external than their younger counterparts. (Author)

Mindingall, Arnold; And Others

1980-01-01

226

Social Relationships and Verbal Interactions of Learning Disabled Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described is a series of research studies which investigated the sociometric status, social behavior, and social relationship of learning disabled children by means of elementary school classroom observations and laboratory studies. (Author/IM)

Bryan, Tanis H.

1978-01-01

227

Teaching Reading to Learning Disabled Children: The Strategy Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of both low structure and high structure teaching strategies is recommended for the teaching of reading to learning disabled children, with the goal of children becoming independent users of appropriate strategies. (Author/DB)

Fagan, William T.

1986-01-01

228

A Perceptual Motor Program Model for Learning Disabled Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The model established guidelines for a perceptual motor program for learning disabled children in the areas of student evaluation, choice of activities, goal setting, practice sessions, and reinforcement. (GW)

Eason, Robert L.; Smith, Theresa L.

1976-01-01

229

Encoding of Logical Connective Rules in Learning-Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a modified reception paradigm, 64 normal and learning disabled children (mean age 11 years) were required to solve unidimensional, disjunctive, or conditional connectives under standard-attending or enforced-attending instructions. (Author)

Swanson, Lee

1981-01-01

230

34 CFR 300.307 - Specific learning disabilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...and Educational Placements Additional Procedures for Identifying Children with Specific Learning Disabilities § 300.307...research-based intervention; and (3) May permit the use of other alternative research-based procedures for determining whether a...

2013-07-01

231

Logotherapy: A Way to Help the Learning Disabled Help Themselves.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A former teacher of learning disabled adolescents describes how logo-therapy, an approach which stresses responsibility for one's self, can help students gain new attitudes towards themselves, their peers, and their goals. Examples of circle sessions are offered. (CL)|

Lieban-Kalmar, Vera

1984-01-01

232

Behavioral Inhibition in Children with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Children with reading disabilities (RD, n = 17), mathematical disabilities (MD, n = 22), combined reading and mathematical disabilities (RD + MD, n = 28) and control peers (n = 45) were tested on behavioral inhibition with a Go/no-go task in a picture, letter and digit-modality. In contrast to children without RD, children with RD made…

De Weerdt, Frauke; Desoete, Annemie; Roeyers, Herbert

2013-01-01

233

High Ability\\/Learning Disabled Students: How Are They Different?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the research was to investigate what characteristics distinguish High Ability\\/LD students from learning disabled students with average cognitive ability and from high ability students. One hundred-twelve high ability or learning disabled students in grades four through six participated in the study: High Ability, High Ability\\/LD, and LD\\/Average. A variety of instruments was used to assess and compare

Susan Baum; Steven V. Owen

1988-01-01

234

E-Learning: A Tool for Teachers with a Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Usability and accessibility in e-Learning has usually focused on the learners’ experience and how to improve the learning\\u000a efficiency. However, very little studies analyze the accessibility and usability issues from the teachers’ point of view,\\u000a especially when the teachers have one or more disabilities. Teachers with disabilities find it very difficult to manage in\\u000a their off-line jobs. Therefore, it is

Olga Revilla

2008-01-01

235

THE IMPLICATIONS OF CONTINUOUS LEARNING.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|IN THE FIRST OF TWO ADDRESSES GIVEN IN INDIA ON THE IMPLICATIONS OF CONTINUOUS LEARNING, J. ROBY KIDD DEFINES LIFELONG EDUCATION AS EMBRACING ALL PURPOSEFUL, PLANNED EDUCATION, FORMAL OR INFORMAL, FROM EARLY CHILDHOOD TO OLD AGE. SUCH EDUCATION IS DISCUSSED AS A MEANS OF EXTENDING AND IMPROVING EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES AND THE QUALITY OF…

KIDD, J. ROBY

236

A Comparison of the Proportional Reasoning Abilities of Learning Disabled and Non-Learning Disabled Children and Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examined whether learning disabled students differed in development of proportional reasoning and whether their disability was in the use of symbols and language rather than ability to solve proportional problems. Developmental scalograms supported the hypothesis that LD Ss' proportional reasoning abilities are developmental, not unlike…

Sinicrope, Rose; Mick, Lori Bell

1983-01-01

237

Health Checks for People with Learning DisabilitiesCommunity Learning Disability Teams Working with General Practitioners and Primary Health Care Teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

By offering annual health checks to people with learning disabilities a variety of health conditions were detected and treated. Health checks took place at a general practice surgery and were performed by a consultant psychiatrist in learning disability, a general practitioner (GP) and a community learning disability nurse. Thirty-five people attended full health checks at T1 (year 1) and T2

Geraldine Cassidy; David M. Martin; Graham H. B. Martin; Ashok Roy

2002-01-01

238

Rights not restrictions for learning disabled adults: a response to Spiecker and Steutel.  

PubMed

What follows is a response to an article by Spiecker and Steutel in which they pose the question of whether sex between people with "mental retardation" (sic) is morally permissible and in which they argue that since many such people cannot give "valid consent", the additional consent of caretakers may be required. However, we argue that the term "mental retard" is offensive and that either the UK terminology ("the learning disabled") or the internationally accepted term ("intellectually disabled") are more acceptable. Moreover, we point out that Spiecker and Steutel are mistaken. Many "learning disabled" people can and do give "valid consent". In any case, their question is itself dubious. Why should two learning disabled people who want to have sex together need anyone else's consent? In addition, we briefly address the rights of the learning disabled to the same sexual freedom as others, on the one hand, and to freedom from sexual exploitation on the other hand. Finally, we consider the implications of these issues for moral education. We suggest that carers need to develop empathy and, where necessary, advocacy skills. We point to the existence of training programmes on sexuality and protection issues. PMID:15027441

Leicester, Mal; Cooke, Pam

2002-06-01

239

Learning to Achieve: A Review of the Research Literature on Serving Adults with Learning Disabilities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Learning disabilities (LD) begin in childhood and persist throughout the life span. These neurologically based disorders affect critical learning processes, such as the acquisition and development of reading, writing, and mathematical skills, all of which...

H. L. Swanson J. M. Taymans M. Hock N. Gregg P. J. Gerber R. L. Schwarz

2009-01-01

240

‘It's against our law, never mind anyone else's’: the Disability Discrimination Act 1995 and adults with learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines Part III of the Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (the provision of goods, services and facilities) in relation to adults with learning disabilities. The study had a participatory element in that self?advocates co?facilitated focus groups and joined the Research Advisory Group. The paper presents views of people with learning disabilities, garnered through focus groups and interviews, about the

Kirsten Stalker; Jennifer Lerpiniere

2009-01-01

241

Representation of survey and route spatial descriptions in children with nonverbal (visuospatial) learning disabilities.  

PubMed

This study aims to investigate the types of difficulty encountered by children with nonverbal (visuospatial) learning disabilities (NLD) during the processing of spatial information derived from descriptions. Two spatial descriptions--one in survey, one in route perspective--and one nonspatial description were orally presented to children aged 9-12 divided in three groups: (i) with NLD (N=12), (ii) with reading disability (RD) (N=11), and (iii) without learning disabilities who served as controls (N=16). Children performed two tasks: sentence verification and location. In the verification task, NLD performed worse in survey text than control and RD groups. Moreover, in the location task NLD were worse than controls in both survey and route descriptions, but significantly poorer than the RD group only in the survey description. The results are discussed considering their implications in understanding the neuropsychological profile of NLD and the processes involved by different types of spatial descriptions. PMID:19520476

Mammarella, Irene C; Meneghetti, Chiara; Pazzaglia, Francesca; Gitti, Filippo; Gomez, Claudia; Cornoldi, Cesare

2009-06-10

242

Visual and Auditory Learning Processes in Normal Children and Children with Specific Learning Disabilities. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To describe and compare the psychosensory functioning of normal children and children with specific learning disabilities, 62 learning disabled and 68 normal children were studied. Each child was given a battery of thirteen subtests on an automated psychosensory system representing various combinations of auditory and visual intra- and…

McGrady, Harold J.; Olson, Don A.

243

Slim Chance: A Weight Control Program for the Learning Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A school-based diet program for learning disabled children stresses modifying eating behavior by learning alternative ways of interacting with the environment. Techniques stress the importance of self regulation, strategies for self monitoring, the establishment of realistic weight goals, use of stimulus control procedures, increased physical…

Rotatori, Anthony J.; And Others

1982-01-01

244

Complicating, Not Explicating: Taking up Philosophy in Learning Disability Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article provides an introduction to theoretical ideas and practices from the so-called "philosophers of difference"--Foucault, Derrida, and Deleuze and Guattari--as an invitation to think differently about the construction of learning disability and to envision new forms of learning. Two key concepts, Foucault's transgression and Deleuze and…

Allan, Julie

2011-01-01

245

Toward an Holistic View of Persons with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The introduction to the special issue on holism with learning disabled students addresses five current practices not espoused by the holistic model: segmentation of learning, narrow school goals, preoccupation with students' deficits, lack of consideration of student interests/needs in selecting curricula, and obsession with objectivity and fact.…

Poplin, Mary S.

1984-01-01

246

Concept Formation of Latin Prefixes in Students with Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This qualitative study examined concept formation of Latin prefixes in three students di- agnosed with learning disabilities through a theme-based analysis. The study had two purposes. Conceptual processes underlying the learning of Latin prefixes were explored through dynamic assessment and Vygotsky's stages of concept formation were empiri- cally tested. There were five major findings in this study. First, when Vygotsky's

Seanna Takacs

247

Teaching Kids with Learning Disabilities to Take Public Transit  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Taking public transit can make anyone nervous, especially in a large or medium-sized city where there are many different bus lines going many different places. The author's daughter, Anna, has multiple learning disabilities and may never learn to drive, but she wants to be as independent as possible so the author taught her to ride the bus. This…

Schoenfeld, Jane

2009-01-01

248

Complicating, Not Explicating: Taking up Philosophy in Learning Disability Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides an introduction to theoretical ideas and practices from the so-called "philosophers of difference"--Foucault, Derrida, and Deleuze and Guattari--as an invitation to think differently about the construction of learning disability and to envision new forms of learning. Two key concepts, Foucault's transgression and Deleuze and…

Allan, Julie

2011-01-01

249

Adolescents with Learning Disabilities: Unique Challenges and Reasons for Hope  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Historically, most of the professional literature in the field as well as federal funding initiatives in research and program development have been directed at younger students with learning disabilities (LD). The prevailing assumption (or hope) has been that if intervention took place at a young age, many of the manifestations of the learning

Deshler, Donald D.

2005-01-01

250

Establishing the Link between Working Memory Function and Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research findings concerning working memory impairment of children with learning disabilities, poor readers, and individuals with severe learning difficulties are examined within the framework of working memory. Results from developmental and experimental studies indicate a close link between the function of working memory and performance on…

Masoura, Elvira V.

2006-01-01

251

Verbal Memory and Semantic Organization of Children with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study examined the verbal learning performance and the semantic organization used by Greek reading-disabled readers as compared to a control group using a list-learning task. The sample consisted of 45 elementary school children with reading difficulties and 45 comparison children matched for age and gender. Tests of reading ability,…

Polychroni, Fotini; Economou, Alexandra; Printezi, Anna; Koutlidi, Ifigeneia

2011-01-01

252

Verbal Memory and Semantic Organization of Children with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined the verbal learning performance and the semantic organization used by Greek reading-disabled readers as compared to a control group using a list-learning task. The sample consisted of 45 elementary school children with reading difficulties and 45 comparison children matched for age and gender. Tests of reading ability,…

Polychroni, Fotini; Economou, Alexandra; Printezi, Anna; Koutlidi, Ifigeneia

2011-01-01

253

Slim Chance: A Weight Control Program for the Learning Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A school-based diet program for learning disabled children stresses modifying eating behavior by learning alternative ways of interacting with the environment. Techniques stress the importance of self regulation, strategies for self monitoring, the establishment of realistic weight goals, use of stimulus control procedures, increased physical…

Rotatori, Anthony J.; And Others

1982-01-01

254

Teaching Kids with Learning Disabilities to Take Public Transit  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Taking public transit can make anyone nervous, especially in a large or medium-sized city where there are many different bus lines going many different places. The author's daughter, Anna, has multiple learning disabilities and may never learn to drive, but she wants to be as independent as possible so the author taught her to ride the bus. This…

Schoenfeld, Jane

2009-01-01

255

Communication, Language, and Literacy Learning in Children with Developmental Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter deals with communication, language, and literacy learning in children with developmental disabilities by integrating\\u000a two perspectives, firstly that of information processing and the impact of specific impairments on information processing\\u000a and interpretation of symbols used in interaction and, secondly, the role of sociocultural factors in facilitating learning\\u000a and literacy learning. The use of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC)

Erna Alant; Kitty Uys; Kerstin Tönsing

256

Students with learning disabilities in teacher education programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Education faculty are dedicated to preparing competent teachers. At the same time, they must provide reasonable accommodations\\u000a in the teaching and evaluation of qualified students with disabilities, in compliance with the mandates of Section 504 of\\u000a the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. This article describes some of the reasons that students with learning disabilities (LD) choose\\u000a teaching as a profession, and

Cheruta Wertheim; Susan A. Vogel; Andrew R. Brulle

1998-01-01

257

Testing the effectiveness of problem-based learning with learning-disabled students in biology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of problem-based learning (PBL) with learning-disabled (LD) students. Twenty-four students (12 dyads) classified as LD and attending a school for the learning-disabled participated in the study. Students engaged in either a computer-based environment involving BioWorld, a hospital simulation designed to teach biology students problem-solving skills, or a paper-and-pencil version

Claudia Patrizia Guerrera

2002-01-01

258

[Evaluation of VIIIth nerve disorders in learning-disabled children].  

PubMed

Recent research indicates that a subclinical VIIIth nerve defect can be a major contributing factor to, if not a cause of learning disabilities. A battery of tests developed for evaluation of VIIIth nerve function is presented. These tests include assessment of vestibular function and evaluation of auditory figure ground abilities. 70 primary school children diagnosed as learning-disabled by child study teams were tested using this battery. 94% had abnormal findings in the electronystagmographic test and 22% in the auditory figure ground test. This battery of tests can detect subclinical defects in learning-disabled children which can be alleviated by a combination of proper medical treatment and an appropriate educational plan. PMID:2583602

Westerman, S T; Golz, A; Joachims, H Z; Gilbert, L M; Eliachar, I

1989-10-01

259

Sociological Theories of Learning Disabilities: Understanding Racial Disproportionality in Special Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many researchers have applied sociological theory to concepts of physical disability, leading to the “social model” used by disability advocates and activists, but less work has been done to provide a sociological frame for learning disabilities. Students with learning disabilities have constituted the fastest-growing special education population in public school districts, particularly students of color. Though the overrepresentation of students

Yolanda Anyon

2009-01-01

260

Verbal learning and memory as measured by the Rey-Auditory Verbal Learning Test: ADHD with and without learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary purpose of the present study is to examine the effects of attention deficits, learning disability, and the combined effects of both on the learning and memory processes, as measured by the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (AVLT). Thirty children (age range 12–17) diagnosed with attention deficit\\/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), 18 children (age range 11–17) diagnosed with learning disabilities (LD),

Eli Vakil; Haya Blachstein; Raya Wertman-Elad; Yoram Greenstein

2012-01-01

261

Verbal learning and memory as measured by the Rey-Auditory Verbal Learning Test: ADHD with and without learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary purpose of the present study is to examine the effects of attention deficits, learning disability, and the combined effects of both on the learning and memory processes, as measured by the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (AVLT). Thirty children (age range 12–17) diagnosed with attention deficit\\/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), 18 children (age range 11–17) diagnosed with learning disabilities (LD),

Eli Vakil; Haya Blachstein; Raya Wertman-Elad; Yoram Greenstein

2011-01-01

262

The Development of Working Memory in Normally Achieving and Subtypes of Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares the development of working memory in normally achieving children and learning disabled children. Results show a growth of working memory as a function of age. Deficits in working memory for subtypes of learning disabled children are discussed. (RJC)

Siegel, Linda S.; Ryan, Ellen B.

1989-01-01

263

"Our Journey through Time": An Oral History Project Carried out by Young People with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We are five young people with learning disabilities who found out about the history of hospitals for people with learning disabilities in our area, and made a film about the project. The project taught us what life had been like for some people with learning disabilities only 30 years ago. It was very different to our lives; we have more choice,…

Bentley, Sarah; Nicholls, Rickie; Price, Maxine; Wilkinson, Aaron; Purcell, Matthew; Woodhall, Martin; Walmsley, Jan

2011-01-01

264

The Development of a New Integrated Mental Health Service for People with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|People with learning disabilities can have mental health problems like anyone else. People with learning disabilities should be able to use the same mental health services as anyone else. In this article we say how we have tried to make this happen. It is now well recognized that people with learning disabilities experience the full range of…

Hall, Ian; Higgins, Alan; Parkes, Charles; Hassiotis, Angela; Samuels, Sarah

2006-01-01

265

The Application of a Communication Model to the Problems of Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the problems of learning disabled children and discusses possibilities for improving their self-concept and attitude toward school. It first notes the suspected link between juvenile delinquency and learning disabilities and suggests that initial efforts to help learning disabled children be directed at the lower-class urban…

Florio-Forslund, Evelyn

266

An Analysis of Individualized Education Program Goals Selected for Learning-Disabled Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study was designed to analyze the types and frequencies of individualized education program (IEP) goals selected for 102 elementary learning disabled students in resource rooms (LDR) and 94 learning disabled students in self-contained classrooms (LDSC) and to compare the learning disabilities teachers' assessments of progress made on the…

McCormick, Paula K.; Fisher, Maurice D.

267

A Comparison of Visual and Auditory Channels in Learning Disabled and Control Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Visual and auditory paired-associate learning tasks were presented to 125 fourth grade children (45 learning disabled, 39 border line learning disabled, and 41 nonlearning disabled). The visual task produced a greater number of correct responses than did the auditory task. There were no differences among groups on either task. Scores on the…

Estes, Robert E.; Stewart, Janet C.

268

Epilepsy in Learning DisabilitiesRelevance and Association with Mental Illness and Behavioural Disturbances  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the prevalence of epilepsy in learning disabilities and its association with mental illness and behavioural disturbance. Case notes were examined of adults and elderly people registered with specialist learning disability services in the Hull and Holderness area, England. Clients were divided into two groups: people with learning disabilities with an active history of epilepsy and those with

Ibrahim Y. A. Turkistani

2004-01-01

269

The Effects of Being Diagnosed with a Learning Disability on Children's Self-Esteem.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study used a quasi-experimental design to examine the effect of being diagnosed with a learning disability on elementary school children's self-esteem. Findings indicated that self-esteem increased significantly above prediagnosis of a learning disability while self-esteem levels in a control group of children without learning disabilities

MacMaster, Keith; Donovan, Leslie A.; MacIntyre, Peter D.

2002-01-01

270

FERRET: An expert system for identifying teaching strategies for students with learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning disabilities is currently the largest category of special education. An estimated five percent of the total school population has been identified in most statistical reports as learning disabled. Although the majority of these students with learning disabilities (LD) are taught in the regular classroom for at least part of the day, many classroom teachers feel uncertain about how best

John W. Steele; Marcee M. Raab

1995-01-01

271

Psychosocial Functioning of Learning-Disabled Children: Replicability of Statistically Derived Subtypes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated Personality Inventory for Children scores of 132 learning-disabled children between ages of 6 and 12 years. Results indicated that learning-disabled children comprised heterogeneous population in terms of psychosocial functioning and that subtypes of learning-disabled children with similar patterns of socioemotional adjustment can be…

Fuerst, Darren R.; And Others

1989-01-01

272

Substance Abuse and Learning Disabilities: Peas in a Pod or Apples and Oranges?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper was developed as a result of a 1999 conference on substance abuse and learning disabilities. An introductory chapter urges early identification of learning disabilities and appropriate treatment for both problems when they co-exist. The second chapter discusses the differences between learning disabilities and behavioral disorders, the…

Columbia Univ., New York, NY. National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse.

273

Comprehension of Students With and Without Learning Disabilities: Identification of Narrative Themes and Idiosyncratic Text Representations  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an interview organized around the comprehension of a story adapted from a natural text and the identification of story theme, adolescent students with learning disabilities (LDs) performed below the level of same-age students without learning disabilities (NDs) and at the same level as younger students without learning disabilities (YNDs) matched on standardized reading comprehension scores. However, on 1 sensitive

Joanna P. Williams

1993-01-01

274

Instructional Parameters Promoting Transfer of Learned Strategies in Students with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper proposes for consideration by intervention researchers two instructional parameters that potentially can promote transfer of learned strategies in students with learning disabilities. The two parameters are mediating student mindfulness during strategy learning and at transfer and engaging in transfer-promoting instruction. (JDD)|

Wong, Bernice Y. L.

1994-01-01

275

Live It, Learn It: The Academic Club Methodology for Students with Learning Disabilities and ADHD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Improve school success for students who have learning disabilities and ADHD with "Academic Clubs," the proven learning-by-doing approach presented in this energizing guidebook. Sally Smith--the highly respected founder of the Lab Schools, where 95% of students with learning problems go on to college--shows elementary school educators how to…

Smith, Sally L.

2004-01-01

276

Deficits in Problem Solving of Learning Disabled Children: A Cognitive Learning Style Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Difficulties facing learning disabled (LD) students in problem solving are reviewed and an approach is proposed to help them make better use of the learning strategies available to them. A cognitive learning style approach to LD students is introduced, followed by an analysis of problem solving and the stages of information processing (attention,…

Kotze, J. M. A.

277

Structuring Instruction To Promote Self-Regulated Learning by Adolescents and Adults with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes strategic content learning (SCL), a strategies-training model that integrates cognitive, behavioral, sociocultural, and constructivist learning theories. The theoretical rationale for SCL is provided, followed by a review of research documenting SCL efficacy for postsecondary students with learning disabilities. Preliminary…

Butler, Deborah L.

2003-01-01

278

Learning Word Meanings during Reading by Children with Language Learning Disability and Typically-Developing Peers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated whether children with language learning disability (LLD) differed from typically-developing peers in their ability to learn meanings of novel words presented during reading. Fifteen 9-11-year-old children with LLD and 15 typically-developing peers read four passages containing 20 nonsense words. Word learning was assessed…

Steele, Sara C.; Watkins, Ruth V.

2010-01-01

279

Learning Disabilities and Employment before and in the Americans with Disabilities Act Era: Progress or a Bridge Too Far?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) and its amendments have been in existence for a little more than twenty years. Title One, which pertains to employment, has had a bearing on employment for persons with disabilities, particularly the high incidence category of learning disabilities, who for the most part work in competitive…

Gerber, Paul J.; Batalo, Cecilia G.; Achola, Edwin O.

2011-01-01

280

Comprehension-monitoring skills in learning-disabled children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Compared comprehension-monitoring skills of learning disabled (LD) and normal elementary school children. Comprehension monitoring, the ability to evaluate one's level of understanding incoming messages, was assessed in the context of a game-learning task. Ss were 12 younger LD boys (7–8 yrs old), 12 older LD boys (9–10 yrs old), and 12 younger and 10 older normal boys matched on age

Miriam E. Kotsonis; Charlotte J. Patterson

1980-01-01

281

Learning Disability vs. Reading Disability: A Survey of Practitioners' Diagnostic Populations and Test Instruments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of questionnaires completed by 345 learning disability and reading resource teachers revealed that reading specialists diagnosed a broad population of students exhibiting many diverse characteristics. LD professionals used a broader diagnostic focus, touching upon intelligence, general achievement, perceptual and motor processes, as well…

German, Diane; And Others

1985-01-01

282

Dyslexia and Learning Disabilities in Canada and the UK: The Impact of Its Disability Employment Laws  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The impact of employment laws pertaining to individuals with learning disabilities in Canada and dyslexia in the UK were investigated via the extant research literature. Currently, there is very little research in this area despite Canada and the UK having laws in effect for decades. Surprisingly, their laws have been revamped despite an absence…

Gerber, Paul J.; Batalo, Cecilia G.; Achola, Edwin O.

2012-01-01

283

University Staff Members' Attitudes and Knowledge about Learning Disabilities and Disability Support Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This investigation examined university staff members' attitudes towards students with learning disabilities (LD) at the postsecondary level. Although prior research has examined university faculty perceptions of students with LD, little is known about staff members' attitudes and perceptions. A survey instrument was administered to approximately…

Murray, Christopher; Flannery, Brigid K.; Wren, Carol

2008-01-01

284

Intellectual disability in Africa: implications for research and service development.  

PubMed

Abstract Although intellectual disability (ID) is probably the largest impairment grouping on the African continent, few indigenous research and evaluation studies have been undertaken. This article is an initial attempt to relate service delivery issues to an African research agenda. We critically analysed the available literature, drawing on academic publications and those of non-governmental agencies. In this process we identified several key issues for further investigation, namely: understanding ID in African contexts, access to education and health care, the provision of appropriate assistance and support, and income generation. We relate our analysis to the recommendations made in the World Report on Disability but with a specific focus on ID in Africa. The need for mainstreaming and prioritising ID in non-disability related and across impairment programmes is highlighted. We note the importance of families and emphasise the need to draw on informal and traditional forms of care and participation. The need for reliable research evidence to support practice is highlighted. We conclude with a call to action by and on behalf of individuals with ID to be included in the development priorities of the continent. Implications for Rehabilitation Service provision for people with intellectual disabilities in Africa is not always well served by insights obtained from western research agendas. Appropriate and effective rehabilitation requires an understanding of the context and the environment in which the disabled person operates. Indigenous research into the provision of support to families and the inclusion of persons with intellectual disability into mainstream programmes as well as disability specific provision is recommended. PMID:23350758

McKenzie, Judith Anne; McConkey, Roy; Adnams, Colleen

2013-01-25

285

The cognitive phenotype of Turner syndrome: Specific learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Global descriptors of the cognitive phenotype of Turner syndrome are well established and are thus commonly referred to. For example, Turner syndrome is a proposed etiology of the nonverbal learning disability – because of reported relative strengths in verbal skills, and relatively weaker nonverbal skills – particularly in arithmetic, select visuospatial skills, and processing speed. This profile is observed throughout

Michèle M. M. Mazzocco

2006-01-01

286

An Exploration of Community Learning Disability Nurses' Therapeutic Role  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This literature review and primary qualitative research explores therapeutic role from the perspective of Community Learning Disability Nurses. Semi-structured interviews, based on Critical Incident Technique ("Psychol Bull", 51, 1954, 327), and descriptive phenomenological methodology were adopted to elicit data amenable to systematic content…

Marsham, Marian

2012-01-01

287

Designing Online Instruction for Postsecondary Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research details the methodologies that could be used to better deliver online course content to students with learning disabilities. Research has shown how the design of the course affects the students' attitudes and performance. This article details the methodology and pedagogical side of the delivery including instructional methods that…

Simoncelli, Andrew; Hinson, Janice

2010-01-01

288

Issues in the neuropsychological assessment of children with learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Describes an approach to the neuropsychological assessment of children with learning disabilities. Issues relating to the aims of the assessment, test selection, stylistic variables in assessment, test interpretation, and the rendering and implementation of recommendations are discussed. Some comparisons with other strategies and modes of approach (e.g., level of performance, pathognomonic sign, and differential score approaches) are included. (28 ref)

Byron P. Rourke

1976-01-01

289

Assessment of English Language Learners with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Identifying English language learners (ELLs) with learning disabilities has become very important in education settings so that appropriate educational services can be provided to this group of students. Linguistic diversity may increase the measurement error and reduce the reliability of assessments. This article discusses the issues with…

Chu, Szu-Yin; Flores, Sobeida

2011-01-01

290

Complicating and Explicating: Taking up Reason in Learning Disabilities Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In these days of the achievement gap, evidence-based practices, and accountability issues, Julie Allan's "Complicating, not explicating: Taking up philosophy in learning disability research" challenges everyone to think seriously about how well the field is meeting the mission of providing for the academic and social needs of students with…

Bursuck, William

2011-01-01

291

A Narrative Approach to Supporting Students Diagnosed with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Students diagnosed with learning disabilities experience many challenges that school counselors may address through narrative therapy. Narrative therapy is a postmodern, social constructionist approach based on the theoretical construct that individuals create their notions of truth and meaning of life through interpretive stories. This article…

Lambie, Glenn W.; Milsom, Amy

2010-01-01

292

Resisting Having Learning Disabilities by Managing Relative Abilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Previous research has shown that identities and the attributes from which identities are inferred are negotiated within social interaction and language. The identity of having learning disabilities is commonly associated with ascriptions of lesser abilities than other people, and in turn might be inferred from such abilities. This study examines…

McVittie, Chris; Goodall, Karen E.; McKinlay, Andy

2008-01-01

293

Defining Learning Disability: Does IQ Have Anything Significant to Say?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A debate exists in the research community about replacing the traditional IQ/achievement discrepancy method for learning disability identification with a "response-to-intervention model". This new assessment paradigm uses a student's level of improvement with small-group or individual programming to determine a possible need for classification…

Dunn, Michael W.

2010-01-01

294

Critical Support Services for College Students with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the outcomes of a study that used focus groups to investigate services and accommodations that were important to college students (n=33) with learning disabilities (LD). Students were from five Midwest colleges and universities that offered programs specifically for students with LD or who made special services ad…

Finn, Laurie Lawler

295

Obscuring Vital Distinctions: The Oversimplification of Learning Disabilities within RTI  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The assessment procedures within Response to Intervention (RTI) models have begun to supplant the use of traditional, discrepancy-based frameworks for identifying students with specific learning disabilities (SLD). Many RTI proponents applaud this shift because of perceived shortcomings in utilizing discrepancy as an indicator of SLD. However,…

McKenzie, Robert G.

2009-01-01

296

AT Advocates Tackle Attitudes & Education towards Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Learning disabilities are present in 10 percent of the population, and the condition is defined as, "A disorder in basic psychological processes involved in understanding or using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell or use mathematical calculations". In this…

Williams, John M.

2006-01-01

297

Self-Determination Instructional Strategies for Youth with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article notes the increasing emphasis on self-determination in the school-to-adulthood transition movement, describes four self-determination models, and outlines instructional programs to promote self-determination in students with learning disabilities. Emerging issues are identified, including redefinition of roles, importance of taking…

Field, Sharon

1996-01-01

298

Social Learning Interventions in a Developmental Disabilities Partial Hospital Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social learning interventions have been widely applied to the treatment of psychiatric symptoms. However, treatments for individuals with developmental disabilities and coexisting mental illness have routinely emphasized reinforcement-based contingency strategies rather than cognitive approaches. The slower rate of integrating cognitive strategies may be due to several factors including adherence to widely accepted behavior modification models, failure to acknowledge the coexistence

Karen J. Shedlack; Robin A. Chapman

2004-01-01

299

Revisiting Debates on Learning Disabilities in Adult Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the 1980s, educators in adult basic education and special education have speculated that a substantial if unknown percentage of adults have specific learning disabilities (LDs) and have sought to identify and address effectively the needs of these learners. Two rarely intersecting bodies of historical literature on LDs provide the background…

Belzer, Alisa; Ross-Gordon, Jovita

2011-01-01

300

Specific Learning Disabilities and the Portuguese Educational System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although the Portuguese educational system advocates the accommodation of all students in regular schools, it has not adopted a coherent discourse that would contribute to meeting effectively the needs of students with specific learning disabilities (SLD). As such, the successive reorganizations of special education have resulted in uninformed…

Correia, Luis de Miranda; Martins, Ana Paula Loucao

2007-01-01

301

Nonverbal Learning Disability Explained: The Link to Shunted Hydrocephalus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A nonverbal learning disability is believed to be caused by damage, disorder or destruction of neuronal white matter in the brain's right hemisphere and may be seen in persons experiencing a wide range of neurological diseases such as hydrocephalus and other types of brain injury (Harnadek & Rourke 1994). This article probes the relationship…

Rissman, Barbara

2011-01-01

302

Adults with Learning Disabilities. Theoretical and Practical Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains 16 chapters dealing with services for adults with learning disabilities (LDs). "Adults with LDs" (Noel Gregg, Carolyn Phillips) questions whether the prevalent paradigm that advocates the self-contained individual is an obstacle to adults with LDs. "Paradigms" (Noel Gregg, Beth Ferri) describes theories that have contributed to…

Gregg, Noel, Ed.; And Others

303

Assessing Learning Disabled Children's Motivational Orientations in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To examine learning disabled children's intrinsic-extrinsic motivational orientation to their schoolwork, 90 LD students in grades 3-7 were administered the Scale of Instrinsic vs. Extrinsic Orientation in the Classroom and the Perceived Competence Scale for Children. Items were read to the students and a short interview based on the students'…

Renick, Mari Jo

304

Intrinsic vs Extrinsic Motivation in Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Forty-four children identified as learning disabled were administered Harter's Scale of Intrinsic versus Extrinsic Orientation in the Classroom. Scores were correlated with several indices of school behavior, standardized achievement test scores, report-card grades, and teachers' behavioral ratings. No pattern was evidenced between the scale and…

Reeve, Peggy Tarpley; Loper, Ann Booker

1983-01-01

305

Using Student Learning Communities to Recruit STEM Students with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student Learning Communities (SLCs) for high school and college students with disabilities interested in pursuing science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) degrees were piloted at a major Midwestern university from 2009 to 2011. Students participated in a series of weekly sessions and/or a residential campus experience as part of a…

Izzo, Margaretha Vreeburg; Murray, Alexa; Priest, Sarah; McArrell, Bianca

2011-01-01

306

Learning Disabled Boys' Nonverbal Behaviors within a Dyadic Interview.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To investigate the role of learning disabled (LD) children's nonverbal behavior in affecting adult judgments, 13 LD and 14 nondisabled (NLD) children in grades 3 through 5 were given instructions either to ingratiate or to act naturally with an adult interviewer while discussing their television preferences. (Author/SBH)|

Bryan, James H.; And Others

1980-01-01

307

Learning Disabilities: A Practitioner's Scriptal Accommodation of More Recent Trends.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for teachers of students with learning disabilities, the paper reviews recent trends in research. The importance and the difficulty of keeping up with new developments in the field are noted. Research and theoretical considerations are presented for the following topic areas: definition and identification difficulties (including,…

Majsterek, David J.

308

Enhancing Spelling Performance in Students with Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study, using a single subject adapted alternating treatments design, compared the effects of two spelling strategies (cover, copy, compare, and copy-only) used to enhance spelling performance in 2, third-grade students with learning disabilities. The cover, copy compare (CCC) method required the students to say the word, point to the word, repeat the word, cover the word, print the

Keith A. Nies; Phillip J. Belfiore

2006-01-01

309

Enhancing Spelling Performance in Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study, using a single subject adapted alternating treatments design, compared the effects of two spelling strategies (cover, copy, compare, and copy-only) used to enhance spelling performance in 2, third-grade students with learning disabilities. The cover, copy compare (CCC) method required the students to say the word, point to the…

Nies, Keith A.; Belfiore, Phillip J.

2006-01-01

310

Use of the Dichotic Listening Technique with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Dichotic listening (DL) techniques have been used extensively as a non-invasive procedure to assess language lateralization among children with and without learning disabilities (LD), and with individuals who have other auditory system related brain disorders. Results of studies using DL have indicated that language is lateralized in children…

Obrzut, John E.; Mahoney, Emery B.

2011-01-01

311

The Apophasis of Limits: Genius, Madness, and Learning Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper, the author sidles up to the "problema" of identifying children as having a learning disability (LD) in the USA to ascertain what an analysis of limping characters, limping readers and limping rhythms might teach individuals about justice. In much current educational literature children labelled LD circulate as "maimed individuals"…

Baker, Bernadette

2007-01-01

312

Learning among Older Adults with Lifelong Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article includes a description of conceptions of aging and engagement with learning for 16 older people (52 to 80 years; mean age 62 years) with a lifelong intellectual disability. The sample also included the care workers and family member/friend. The older people had sufficient verbal skills to participate in the interviews. Half the…

Boulton-Lewis, G. M.; Buys, L.; Tedman-Jones, J.

2008-01-01

313

AT Advocates Tackle Attitudes & Education towards Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning disabilities are present in 10 percent of the population, and the condition is defined as, "A disorder in basic psychological processes involved in understanding or using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell or use mathematical calculations". In this…

Williams, John M.

2006-01-01

314

Modes of Imprinted Gene Action in Learning Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: It is now widely acknowledged that there may be a genetic contribution to learning disability and neuropsychiatric disorders, stemming from evidence provided by family, twin and adoption studies, and from explicit syndromic conditions. Recently it has been recognized that in some cases the presentation of genetic syndromes (or…

Isles, A. R.; Humby, T.

2006-01-01

315

Autistic, Learning Disabled and Delayed Children's Impact on their Parents  

Microsoft Academic Search

A brief account of existing conceptualizations of family stress and coping is provided to set the stage for presenting a selective review of research with three groups of dysfunctional children, autistic, mentally delayed and learning disabled. A variant of Hill's ABCX model and the instruments used to gauge variables related to it are offered. Findings from this research and from

M. Mary Konstantareas

1991-01-01

316

Comparison of Ecological Validity of Learning Disabilities Diagnostic Models  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this article is to examine models designed for the determination of a learning disability and compare them to specific criteria to determine whether the given diagnostic process is ecological in nature. The traditional child-centered deficit model (CCD), Relative Achievement Discrepancy model (RAD), and Responsiveness to…

Dean, Vincent J.; Burns, Matthew K.; Grialou, Tina; Varro, Patrick J.

2006-01-01

317

Implementing CRA with Secondary Students with Learning Disabilities in Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Students with learning disabilities struggle to acquire essential mathematical concepts and skills, especially at the secondary level. One effective approach to improving secondary math performance supported by research is the concrete-to-representational-to-abstract (CRA) sequence of instruction. Although CRA is an evidenced-based instructional…

Witzel, Bradley S.; Riccomini, Paul J.; Schneider, Elke

2008-01-01

318

A Longitudinal Perspective on Risk for Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes an ongoing longitudinal study in Kauai (Hawaii) begun in 1955, which is following the course of all births to adulthood and assessing the long-term consequences of perinatal complications and adverse child-rearing conditions. Specifically reported is a subset of data on 22 children (diagnosed as having learning disabilities

Werner, Emmy E.

319

Resisting Having Learning Disabilities by Managing Relative Abilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research has shown that identities and the attributes from which identities are inferred are negotiated within social interaction and language. The identity of having learning disabilities is commonly associated with ascriptions of lesser abilities than other people, and in turn might be inferred from such abilities. This study examines…

McVittie, Chris; Goodall, Karen E.; McKinlay, Andy

2008-01-01

320

Peer-Mediated Teaching and Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer-mediated instruction holds particular promise as an effective educational strategy for children with learning disabilities. When properly implemented, peer-mediated instructional approaches permit active engagement, frequent opportunities to respond, immediate error correction, prompt feedback on the correctness of responses, and motivational…

Harper, Gregory F.; Maheady, Larry

2007-01-01

321

Siblings' Understanding of Learning Disability: A Longitudinal Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: There is very little research on how and when siblings understand that they have a brother or sister with a learning disability. Research regarding young children's understanding of intelligence, suggests that they may not develop a clear understanding of ability until about 7 years of age. Method: Through interviewing parents and then…

Hames, Annette

2008-01-01

322

An interactive computer system for diagnosing learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

over theories and approaches in the field of ~abilities (LD) may be attributed to the relais of the field. One topic which is widely dezg professionals is the diagnosis of learning The majority of tests used to assess poten....... g disabilities have been criticized for probwith validity and reliability. The particular area of ~sment which has received perhaps the most

Marcee M. Steele; John W. Steele

1996-01-01

323

Effects of Television on Emotionally Disturbed and Learning Disabled Children.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The results of a 3-year study on the effects of television on emotionally disturbed and learning disabled children are presented. Eight separate research projects were designed to contribute to the understanding of (a) how much and what kinds of televisio...

J. Sprafkin K. D. Gadow

1985-01-01

324

Technology for Students with Learning Disabilities: Educational Applications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection of 12 papers addresses the application of various technologies to the education of students with learning disabilities. Also included is a CD-ROM version of the original text, which provides enhancements through digital editing such as hypertext and hypermedia links. The papers included are: (1) "Special Education Technology:…

Higgins, Kyle, Ed.; Boone, Randall, Ed.

325

Intervention Strategies for Learning Disabled Children with Oral Communication Disorders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The paper tabularly presents information strategies (goals and instructional activities) for managing learning disabled children with oral communication disorders. The strategies are based on a comprehensive organizational framework of pragmatic abilities comprised of three major components: communicative intention, presupposition, and social…

Spekman, Nancy J.; Roth, Froma P.

1984-01-01

326

Learning Disability Research: How Far Have We Progressed?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article presents an analysis of the 229 research reports which have appeared in two major learning disability journals since 1978. Among findings are that the vast majority of these studies are quasiexperimental in nature and control of extraneous variables (e.g., intelligence) was not appropriately demonstrated in many studies. (Author)

Harber, Jean R.

1981-01-01

327

Reading and Learning-Disabled Children: Understanding the Problem  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors assess the evidence related to various instructional styles for teaching reading to children with learning disabilities. Results of the literature review indicate that whole language and direct instruction are the two major approaches to teaching reading. Whole language has proven successful for many students with…

Martin, Don; Martin, Magy; Carvalho, Kathleen

2008-01-01

328

The Apophasis of Limits: Genius, Madness, and Learning Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, the author sidles up to the "problema" of identifying children as having a learning disability (LD) in the USA to ascertain what an analysis of limping characters, limping readers and limping rhythms might teach individuals about justice. In much current educational literature children labelled LD circulate as "maimed individuals"…

Baker, Bernadette

2007-01-01

329

Attention and Private Speech in Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In a study of the significance of private speech, 11 learning disabled (LD) and 16 non LD children (mean age 10 years) were given several cognitive tasks, and their private speech during play and school work was assessed. LD Ss performed less well on the cognitive tasks than non LD Ss. Children who used high rates of private speech performed in a…

Copeland, Anne P.; Reiner, Ellen Milenko

330

Identifying Learning Disabled Students with a Selected Psychoeducational Test Battery.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major conclusions to be drawn from this study were that a battery of four psychoeducational measures was somewhat of a failure in predicting group membership in the learning disability category, and that while teachers were good at predicting academic achievement, they were less effective at predicting personality and psychological variables.…

Fisk, Robert A.; Janzen, Henry L.

1981-01-01

331

Learning disabilities and cognitive functioning in a child psychiatric population  

Microsoft Academic Search

In research there has been a great deal of discussion suggesting the comorbidity between childhood psychopathology, childhood learning disabilities and other cognitive impairments. No clear resolution to how these difficulties are interrelated exists. The purpose of the current study was to further understanding of the relationship between these problems in children. ^ This study examined 265 children from a private

Lori A Borelli

2001-01-01

332

Adults with Learning Disabilities. Theoretical and Practical Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book contains 16 chapters dealing with services for adults with learning disabilities (LDs). "Adults with LDs" (Noel Gregg, Carolyn Phillips) questions whether the prevalent paradigm that advocates the self-contained individual is an obstacle to adults with LDs. "Paradigms" (Noel Gregg, Beth Ferri) describes theories that have contributed to…

Gregg, Noel, Ed.; And Others

333

The Actuarial Turn in the Science of Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the mid-1970s, Donald Hammill and his colleagues authored three scathing critiques of the two most trusted scientific traditions of learning disability treatment--movement education and psycholinguistic training (Hammill, 1972; Hammill & Larsen, 1974; Hammill, Goodman, & Wiederholt, 1974). These critical reviews of research rejected the older…

Danforth, Scot

2011-01-01

334

Software Programs for Learning Disabled Students: Second Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Microcomputer software can provide excellent drill and practice, simulations, and problem-solving. Yet, software developers often have designed elaborate graphics and unique characters in lieu of sound instructional programming. Many instructional programs for learning-disabled students do not provide appropriate reading levels, the opportunity…

Osterag, Bruce A.; Graves, Anne

335

Problem-Based Learning Software for Students With Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

When students are engaged in learning environments that allow for the practice of problem-solving skills, they are able to connect the classroom to the real world. Students with disabilities need to develop the skills of problem solving, and they need to know how to identify a problem, find the answer, and evaluate their choice. This article discusses the use of

Debra Cote

2007-01-01

336

New Angles on Motor and Sensory Coordination in Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Provides an overview of presentations that were included in the Medical Symposium at the 1998 Learning Disabilities Association conference. The symposium addressed vestibular control and eye movement, postural sway and balance, cerebellar dysfunction, the role of the frontal lobe, developmental coordination disorder, and sensory integration…

Goldey, Ellen S.

1998-01-01

337

Middle Latency Response in Children with Learning Disabilities: Preliminary Findings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Simultaneous recordings of auditory brainstem and middle latency responses were obtained in both vertex-ipsilateral and vertex-contralateral derivations in 22 children, ages 8-12. For specific recording conditions, the latencies of middle latency responses differ significantly between children with and without learning disabilities, offering…

Arehole, Shalini; And Others

1995-01-01

338

Girls with learning disabilities and ‘football on the brain’  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we explore the footballing experiences of girls with learning disabilities. We situate our article within an after?school football initiative that sought to forge a partnership between Bryant Park Special School and Liberty High Specialist Sports College, both based in different suburbs within one city in the north of England. We ask the following question: How are after?school

Annette Stride; Hayley F. Fitzgerald

2011-01-01

339

Otitis Media and Learning Disabilities: More Than a Relationship?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between recurrent otitis media (middle ear infection characterized by the presence of middle ear fluid and possibly leading to a temporary conductive hearing loss) and learning disabilities (LD) is examined. Traditional treatment approaches (antibiotic medication and surgery) are reviewed. The definition of LD is presented and the…

Quick, Carol; Mandell, Colleen

340

Gifted Students With Learning Disabilities: Who Are They?  

Microsoft Academic Search

More than 20 years ago, psychologists first described gifted students with learning disabilities (LD). In the past decade, several sets of identification criteria have been proposed for this population. Many of the suggested assessment practices are unsupported by research in psychoeducational assessment, and some have been directly contradicted by recent research. We argue that an uncritical acceptance of the concept

Benjamin J. Lovett; Lawrence J. Lewandowski

2006-01-01

341

The Actuarial Turn in the Science of Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the mid-1970s, Donald Hammill and his colleagues authored three scathing critiques of the two most trusted scientific traditions of learning disability treatment--movement education and psycholinguistic training (Hammill, 1972; Hammill & Larsen, 1974; Hammill, Goodman, & Wiederholt, 1974). These critical reviews of research rejected the older…

Danforth, Scot

2011-01-01

342

Resiliency Instructional Tactics: African American Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Schools and classrooms, if well conceived, can serve as protective environments for the positive development of African American students with learning disabilities (LD) (Keogh & Weisner, 1993). Many African American students who lack resiliency often struggle with life's challenges and may be predisposed to negative outcomes in life, so the…

Jones, Vita L.

2011-01-01

343

A Normativist Account of Language-Based Learning Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research on learning disabilities (LD) depends upon a conceptual framework that specifies what it should explain, what kinds of data are needed, and how these data are to be arranged in order to provide a meaningful explanation. An argument is made that LD are no different in this respect than any other form of human illness. In this article, a…

Tomblin, J. Bruce

2006-01-01

344

Strategies on Time Management for College Students with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Most college students, whether they have learning disabilities or not, experience numerous difficulties in time management. They become easily distracted, do not set priorities, try to accomplish too much, procrastinate, use poor study techniques, or underestimate the amount of time required for a task. This paper outlines some symptoms and…

Peniston, Lorraine C.

345

Phonological Awareness Instruction for Middle School Students with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Forty middle school students with learning disabilities identified as having phonological awareness deficits were provided with phonological awareness instruction to investigate the effectiveness of the instruction on phonological awareness and word recognition skills. Results indicated that following instruction, students improved on word…

Bhat, Preetha; Griffin, Cynthia C.; Sindelar, Paul T.

2003-01-01

346

Otitis Media and Learning Disabilities: More Than a Relationship?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The relationship between recurrent otitis media (middle ear infection characterized by the presence of middle ear fluid and possibly leading to a temporary conductive hearing loss) and learning disabilities (LD) is examined. Traditional treatment approaches (antibiotic medication and surgery) are reviewed. The definition of LD is presented and…

Quick, Carol; Mandell, Colleen

347

Math Peer Tutoring for Students with Specific Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reasons to use students as tutors to teach mathematics to students with specific learning disabilities are discussed. Descriptions of types of tutoring and training procedures for tutors are included. A guide for implementing math peer tutoring is provided, including procedures for getting ready, running the program, and enrichment and extension.…

Miller, April D.; And Others

1996-01-01

348

Advances in Learning and Behavioral Disabilities. Volume 9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Advances in learning and behavioral disabilities are considered in this 10-chapter volume. Contents include: "Developmental Language Disorders and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder" (Cynthia A. Riccio and George W. Hynd); "Self-Regulated Strategy Development: A Theoretical and Practical Perspective" (Lisa P. Case et al.); "Mapping the…

Scruggs, Thomas E., Ed.; Mastropieri, Margo A., Ed.

349

Parent Involvement in Transition Planning for Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Post-secondary education is a path that many individuals take after high school. For students with learning disabilities, post-secondary education is an attainable goal regardless of the academic difficulties they may face. In order to make a successful transition to postsecondary education, it is necessary that students, as well as parents are…

Bailey, Shelley Henthorne

2009-01-01

350

Qualitative Differences in Learning Disabilities across Postsecondary Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many college students receiving accommodations for specific learning disability (SLD) do not meet objective criteria for the disorder. Furthermore, whether students meet criteria depends on the diagnostic decision model used by their clinician. The authors examined whether the relationship between diagnostic model and likelihood of meeting…

Weis, Robert; Sykes, Lauryn; Unadkat, Devanshi

2012-01-01

351

The Detection and Remediation of Learning Disabilities. Progress Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A 1 year preschool program and a summer elementary program in a model cities area southt to detect and remediate children's learning disabilities, and to evaluate remedial techniques. Thirty-three perceptually handicapped preschool children took a battery of eight tests, and daily received remediation through fine and gross motor training, and in…

Bechtel, Leland P.

352

Brain Research: Implications for Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Brain research has illuminated several areas of the learning process: (1) learning as association; (2) learning as reinforcement; (3) learning as perception; (4) learning as imitation; (5) learning as organization; (6) learning as individual style; and (7) learning as brain activity. The classic conditioning model developed by Pavlov advanced…

Soares, Louise M.; Soares, Anthony T.

353

Leveling the playing field for nursing students with disabilities: implications of the amendments to the Americans with Disabilities Act.  

PubMed

Faculty have reported a significant increase in the number of nursing students with disabilities; however, misinformation regarding legislated changes in the definition of a disability, as enacted in 2008 under the American with Disabilities Act Amendments Act, has contributed to faculty confusion when working with students with disabilities. This article identifies the circumstances under which nursing faculty are legally required to provide reasonable accommodations for students with disabilities, as defined under the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 as amended in 2008, and the strategies faculty may use to assist students to successfully complete core requirements. When this knowledge is integrated into a nursing program's culture and curriculum, students with sensory loss, paralysis, mental illness, learning disabilities, limb differences, chronic illnesses, or other disabilities associated with impaired bodily functions can successfully complete nursing programs and provide excellent care to clients, the profession, and their communities. PMID:22283155

Dupler, Alice E; Allen, Carol; Maheady, Donna C; Fleming, Susan E; Allen, Mikel

2012-01-27

354

A Response to Arries: Learning Disabilities and Foreign Languages: A Curriculum Approach to the Design of Inclusive Courses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responds to an article on learning disabilities and foreign language learning. Discusses assumptions about students classified as learning disabled (LD) with foreign language learning problems, and the assumption that students classified as LD need a different approach. (Author/VWL)

Sparks, Richard L.; Javorsky, James

1999-01-01

355

In search of correlates of learning underlying “learning disability” using a bio-ecological assessment system  

Microsoft Academic Search

A valid and consistent diagnosis of learning disability is constrained by many conceptual and methodological challenges. Chief\\u000a among them is the lack of diagnostic efficiency of standardized tests to shed much light on the nature and quality of the\\u000a “potential disability” underlying children's very poor academic achievement. In this paper, we make the point that any assessment\\u000a measure of learning

Eleanor Armour-Thomas; Sharon-ann Gopaul-McNicol

1997-01-01

356

Triadic Moral Learning and Disability Awareness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since moral action often requires understanding the nature of justice and the development of empathy and compassion, moral education involves the learner's intellect, emotions and will. The lifelong learning involved is thus multifaceted and plausibly benefits from the integration of personal and political with professional learning. I explore…

Leicester, Mal

2011-01-01

357

Triadic Moral Learning and Disability Awareness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Since moral action often requires understanding the nature of justice and the development of empathy and compassion, moral education involves the learner's intellect, emotions and will. The lifelong learning involved is thus multifaceted and plausibly benefits from the integration of personal and political with professional learning. I explore…

Leicester, Mal

2011-01-01

358

Triadic moral learning and disability awareness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since moral action often requires understanding the nature of justice and the development of empathy and compassion, moral education involves the learner’s intellect, emotions and will. The lifelong learning involved is thus multifaceted and plausibly benefits from the integration of personal and political with professional learning. I explore this triadic conception of moral education by drawing on the movement to

Mal Leicester

2011-01-01

359

Learning Disabilities: A National Responsibility. Summit on Learning Disabilities (Washington, D.C., September 20-21, 1994). [Videotapes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Four videocassettes provide the presentations and discussion of four panels from a 1994 summit on the nation's responsibility in relation to individuals with learning disabilities. Each panel examined issues of research, public policy and legislation, good practices, and consumer interest within its area of concentration. The first panel was on…

National Center for Learning Disabilities, Inc., New York, NY.

360

A collective case study of nursing students with learning disabilities.  

PubMed

This collective case study described the meaning of being a nursing student with a learning disability and examined how baccalaureate nursing students with learning disabilities experienced various aspects of the nursing program. It also examined how their disabilities and previous educational and personal experiences influenced the meaning that they gave to their educational experiences. Seven nursing students were interviewed, completed a demographic data form, and submitted various artifacts (test scores, evaluation reports, and curriculum-based material) for document analysis. The researcher used Stake's model for collective case study research and analysis (1). Data analysis revealed five themes: 1) struggle, 2) learning how to learn with LD, 3) issues concerning time, 4) social support, and 5) personal stories. Theme clusters and individual variations were identified for each theme. Document analysis revealed that participants had average to above average intellectual functioning with an ability-achievement discrepancy among standardized test scores. Participants noted that direct instruction, structure, consistency, clear directions, organization, and a positive instructor attitude assisted learning. Anxiety, social isolation from peers, and limited time to process and complete work were problems faced by the participants. PMID:14535146

Kolanko, Kathrine M

361

Learning disability subtypes: classification of high functioning hyperlexia.  

PubMed

This study examined 30 children with hyperlexic reading patterns and average intelligence to determine if established learning disability subtypes could be applied to these children with hyperlexia. Two groups emerged. One type showed language learning disorder patterns with good visual memory. This group also showed a high percentage of phonetic word errors. A second hyperlexic group showed signs of nonverbal learning disorder with visual spatial deficits and impaired visual memory. This latter subgroup showed few phonetic errors with more sight word errors. These findings suggest subtypes of high functioning hyperlexia, one showing language deficits characteristic of dysphasia and one showing patterns similar to visual spatial dyslexia. PMID:12174811

Richman, Lynn C; Wood, Kevin M

2002-07-01

362

Dyslexia in the workplace: Implications of the Americans with disabilities act  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) insures greater accessibility of disabled persons to the workplace. This\\u000a includes persons with dyslexia and other learning disabilities. The ADA requires reasonable accommodations for persons with\\u000a disabilities, yet it is different in its mandates from many other federal laws addressing disability-related issues.\\u000a \\u000a This article reviews some of the critical provisions of the

Diana L. Sauter; Donna McPeek

1993-01-01

363

Racial Storylines and Implications for Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we theorize the relation between race and schooling and consider the implications for learning. While the body of research on culture and learning has come to define learning as an inherently cultural and social process, scholars have few theoretical tools to help us think about the role of race and racism in relation to students'…

Nasir, N. S.; Snyder, C. R.; Shah, N.; Ross, K. M.

2012-01-01

364

The Relative Effects of University Success Courses and Individualized Interventions for Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Little is known about the relative effects of post-secondary learning services for students with learning disabilities. We compared outcomes for students with learning disabilities who selected to: (1) take an academic learning success course (course-intervention), (2) have regular individual interventions (high-intervention) or (3) use services…

Reed, Maureen J.; Kennett, Deborah J.; Lewis, Tanya; Lund-Lucas, Eunice; Stallberg, Carolyn; Newbold, Inez L.

2009-01-01

365

Right Hemispheric Dysfunction in Nonverbal Learning Disabilities: Social, Academic, and Adaptive Functioning in Adults and Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review addresses recent research on social and nonverbal learning disabilities. Involvement of right hemispheric dysfunction in these disabilities has been hypothesized, as studies with adults have suggested that documented right hemisphere damage may lead to deficits in social skills, prosody, spatial orientation, problem solving, and recognition of nonverbal cues. Studies of children purported to evidence nonverbal learning disabilities are

Margaret Semrud-Clikeman; George W. Hynd

1990-01-01

366

Healthcare for Men and Women with Learning Disabilities: Understanding Inequalities in Access  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Healthcare for men and women with learning disabilities (known internationally as intellectual disabilities) has risen up the political agenda in the United Kingdom, propelled by a report from the charity Mencap. This report has resulted in renewed efforts, set out in "Valuing People Now", to ensure that people with learning disabilities receive…

Redley, Marcus; Banks, Carys; Foody, Karen; Holland, Anthony

2012-01-01

367

Compensation Strategies Used by High-Ability Students With Learning Disabilities who Succeed In College  

Microsoft Academic Search

To investigate how high-ability students With learning disabilities succeed in postsecondary academic environments, 12 young adults with disabilities who were successful at the university level were studied. Extensive interviews with these young adults provided examples of the problems faced by high-ability students with learning disabilities, as well as the specific compensation strategies the used to address and overcome these problems.

Sally M. Reis; Joan M. McGuire; Terry W. Neu

2000-01-01

368

Reasonable Instructional Accommodations for College Students with Learning Differences or Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper addresses issues in the provision of educational services to first year college students with learning disabilities. The literature is reviewed, showing the persistence of learning disabilities into adulthood, the numbers of such students attending postsecondary institutions, and the incidence of disabilities (about 9 percent) among…

Glimps, Blanche E. Jackson

369

The Legal Context for Serving Students with Learning Disabilities in Postsecondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The legal basis for serving students with learning disabilities at the K-12 level is predominantly derived from the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). This federal law provides for substantive education support for students with learning disabilities through an Individualized Educational Program (IEP). However, because the IDEA…

Keenan, Walter R.; Shaw, Stan F.

2011-01-01

370

But It's Not All about the Sex: Mothering, Normalisation and Young Learning Disabled People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper is about mothering, young learning disabled people, their sexualised and relationship lives and normalisation--not through the lens of the disabled person, but via a mothers perspective and theoretical discussion. As a mother who has a learning disabled daughter, a feminist and an academic my own mothering experience, my Ph.D. research…

Rogers, Chrissie

2010-01-01

371

Today's Policy Contexts for Special Education and Students with Specific Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents the author's address on the 2008 International Conference of the Council for Learning Disabilities in Kansas City, Missouri. In this keynote address, the author focuses on the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), and students with specific learning disabilities (SLD), and…

Turnbull, H. Rutherford, III

2009-01-01

372

Early Indicators of Learning Disabilities Using the Brigance K & 1 Screen for Kindergarten and First Grade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine if there were differences between learning disabled and nonlearning disabled students in skill areas and total scores on the Brigance K & 1 Screen for Kindergarten and First Grade. The study investigated whether students with learning disabilities would show significant weaknesses in language-based skill…

Trout, Ann

373

Healthcare for Men and Women with Learning Disabilities: Understanding Inequalities in Access  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Healthcare for men and women with learning disabilities (known internationally as intellectual disabilities) has risen up the political agenda in the United Kingdom, propelled by a report from the charity Mencap. This report has resulted in renewed efforts, set out in "Valuing People Now", to ensure that people with learning disabilities receive…

Redley, Marcus; Banks, Carys; Foody, Karen; Holland, Anthony

2012-01-01

374

Effects of the Learning Opportunities Task Force (LOTF) Programs on Postsecondary Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the effects of participation in the Learning Opportunities Task Force (LOTF) programs on postsecondary students with learning disabilities (LDs). Data regarding 969 students from 6 colleges and 4 universities in Ontario were evaluated to investigate rates of academic success and increased self-awareness. Participants had a…

Harrison, Allyson G.; Areepattamannil, Shaljan; Freeman, John

2012-01-01

375

Students With Severe Learning Disabilities Can Learn Higher Order Comprehension Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

An instructional program designed to help middle-school students with severe learning disabilities learn about story themes, and focused on enhancing ability to generalize to themes not included in the instruction, was evaluated. Ten small-group special education classrooms were randomly assigned to receive either the Theme Identification Program or a series of lessons with a traditional instruction framework. The program classrooms

Alice A. Wilder; Joanna P. Williams

2001-01-01

376

Supporting Learning-Disabled Adults in Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The learning difficulties of 23 adults were investigated in order to determine ways to better serve their literacy needs. These adults were all living in poverty, had less than eighth-grade literacy levels, and had failed to graduate from high school. The participants' records were examined and structured interviews were conducted with them;…

Pannucci, Lynnette; Walmsley, Sean A.

2007-01-01

377

Music for Children with Reading Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Described is a music program for students with reading learning disabilites. It is explained that the program was designed to teach fundamental music skills, to teach visual/motor and auditory skills through music activities, and to evaluate the effect of music skill development on language reading skills. The daily routine of music exercises,…

Moyer, Betsy G.

378

Contrasting Adult Literacy Learners With and Without Specific Learning Disabilities  

PubMed Central

Contrasting adult literacy learners with and without specific learning disabilities This study of 311 adult education (AE) learners found 29% self-reported having a specific learning disability (SLD). Significant differences in demographic, academic, and life experience variables between the adult learners with and without SLD included: prior participation in special education, having both an SLD diagnosis and a high school diploma, low reading scores, middle age, and negative perceptions about limitations due to reading abilities. A post-hoc regression analysis found SLD status significantly contributes to variance in reading level when controlling for age and IQ. From these findings we conclude that SLD status should be considered an educationally relevant variable in adult education that warrants a diagnostic or clinical teaching approach.

Patterson, Margaret Becker; Mellard, Daryl

2011-01-01

379

A life story approach for people with profound learning disabilities.  

PubMed

This article presents an alternative approach to studying issues concerning people with profound learning disabilities. Previous approaches have relied too heavily on quantitative methods, e.g. questionnaires and rating scales, which demand a certain degree of verbal competence. When working with people with profound learning disabilities who can not talk, these techniques are clearly limited. The current research aims to redress this imbalance by presenting an in-depth qualitative analysis of issues concerning the identities of people moving from a long-stay hospital to community care. Life story books were introduced as a resource for presenting biographical information about clients previously undocumented. It is suggested that we should move away from measuring to observing. Life story books take the focus away from viewing the participants as patients or subjects to considering them as people with their own unique life. PMID:11022432

Hewitt, H

380

A Social Constructionist Approach to Disability: Implications for Special Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proponents of a social model of disability derive their arguments from social constructionism. They combine different disabling conditions under one term: disability. Subsequently, they apply the specific viewpoint of the disability rights social movement of people with physical disabilities to other conditions such as intellectual disabilities,…

Anastasiou, Dimitris; Kauffman, James M.

2011-01-01

381

The Role of the Teacher in Identifying Learning Disabilities: A Study Using the McCarney "Learning Disability Evaluation Scale" (LDES)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to examine whether the Greek translation of the "Learning Disability Evaluation Scale" (LDES) can be used in the identification of learning disabilities. The LDES was completed by 165 teachers for one of their students, aged 5 to 14 years. The LDES was significantly correlated to students' grades in Math and Greek…

Souroulla, Andry Vrachimi; Panayiotou, Georgia; Kokkinos, Constantinos M.

2009-01-01

382

Learning Disabilities as Operationally Defined by Schools. Executive Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper identifies trends in the population of students with learning disabilities (LD) in the public schools and explores reasons for these trends. It notes that there has been a 198 percent increase in the number of children served as LD between 1976-77 and 1992-93 due to a lack of consensus on the definition of LD and school-level processes…

MacMillan, Donald L.; Siperstein, Gary N.

383

The use of the Mental Health Act in learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Psychiatristsin learning disabilities in the South-East ThamesRegionwere asked to fill in questionnaireson the lastfive patientsthey had sectionedin an attempt to describe current practice in their usage of the Mental HealthAct (1983).Clientstended to be sectioned under the category of mental impairment and were mainly young males with violent behaviour. Treatment of mental illnesswas lessof a problem. The Mental Health Act (1983)

Y. Kon; Nick Bouras

1996-01-01

384

Supporting the Web Experience of Young People with Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The paper describes a test setup to survey the needs of young people with learning disabilities with regard to additional\\u000a functions that could support their use of the web. Via an HTML mock-up, different iconic representations of buttons to invoke\\u000a these additional functions as well as different placements of the buttons were explored. Results with N=34 indicate that study\\u000a participants

Harald Weber; Cordula Edler

2010-01-01

385

Women with learning disabilities and access to cervical screening: retrospective cohort study using case control methods  

PubMed Central

Background Several studies in the UK have suggested that women with learning disabilities may be less likely to receive cervical screening tests and a previous local study in had found that GPs considered screening unnecessary for women with learning disabilities. This study set out to ascertain whether women with learning disabilities are more likely to be ceased from a cervical screening programme than women without; and to examine the reasons given for ceasing women with learning disabilities. It was carried out in Bury, Heywood-and-Middleton and Rochdale. Methods Carried out using retrospective cohort study methods, women with learning disabilities were identified by Read code; and their cervical screening records were compared with the Call-and-Recall records of women without learning disabilities in order to examine their screening histories. Analysis was carried out using case-control methods – 1:2 (women with learning disabilities: women without learning disabilities), calculating odds ratios. Results 267 women's records were compared with the records of 534 women without learning disabilities. Women with learning disabilities had an odds ratio (OR) of 0.48 (Confidence Interval (CI) 0.38 – 0.58; X2: 72.227; p.value <.001) of receiving a cervical screening test; an OR of 2.05 (CI 1.88 – 2.22; X2: 24.236; p.value <.001) of being ceased from screening; and an OR of 0.14 (CI 0.001 – 0.28; X2: 286.341; p.value <0.001 of being a non-responder compared to age and practice-matched women without learning disabilities. Conclusion The reasons given for ceasing and/or not screening suggest that merely being coded as having a learning disability is not the sole reason for these actions. There are training needs among smear takers regarding appropriate reasons not to screen and providing screening for women with learning disabilities.

Reynolds, Fiona; Stanistreet, Debbi; Elton, Peter

2008-01-01

386

Perceptual and academic patterns of learning-disabled/gifted students.  

PubMed

This research explored ways gifted children with learning disabilities perceive and recall auditory and visual input and apply this information to reading, mathematics, and spelling. 24 learning-disabled/gifted children and a matched control group of normally achieving gifted students were tested for oral reading, word recognition and analysis, listening comprehension, and spelling. In mathematics, they were tested for numeration, mental and written computation, word problems, and numerical reasoning. To explore perception and memory skills, students were administered formal tests of visual and auditory memory as well as auditory discrimination of sounds. Their responses to reading and to mathematical computations were further considered for evidence of problems in visual discrimination, visual sequencing, and visual spatial areas. Analyses indicated that these learning-disabled/gifted students were significantly weaker than controls in their decoding skills, in spelling, and in most areas of mathematics. They were also significantly weaker in auditory discrimination and memory, and in visual discrimination, sequencing, and spatial abilities. Conclusions are that these underlying perceptual and memory deficits may be related to students' academic problems. PMID:1594421

Waldron, K A; Saphire, D G

1992-04-01

387

The Performance of Learning Disabled Children on Tests of Auditory Discrimination.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contrary to previous research, it was found that tests of auditory discrimination were not likely to differentiate between learning disabled children and nonlearning disabled children unless both groups were also articulatory defective. (Author)

Matthews, Barbara A. J.; Seymour, Charlena M.

1981-01-01

388

Effects of goal structures and performance contingencies on the math performance of adolescents with learning disabilities.  

PubMed

This study assessed the effects of assigned versus self-selected goals and contingent versus noncontingent gameplay conditions, delivered during computer-assisted math computation drill-and-practice sessions. Participants were 20 high school pupils with learning disabilities who had active Individualized Education Plan (IEP) goals that targeted the improvement of computational skills. Students were assigned randomly to goal conditions and, within goal conditions, to contingency groups. Math computation performance was measured pre-, mid-, and posttreatment. Analyses of variance indicated that students who selected their goals performed better than pupils with assigned goals. No differences existed between the contingency groups. Implications for practice are discussed. PMID:2681488

Fuchs, L S; Bahr, C M; Rieth, H J

1989-11-01

389

The Orthopedically Disabled Child: Psychological Implications with an Individual Basis. July 1984 Revision.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes the implications of the Individual Psychology of Alfred Adler and field theory associated with Kurt Lewin in understanding orthopedically disabled children and points out that orthopedically disabled youngsters have a remarkable range of individual differences both in type of disability as well as level of adjustment.…

Sigmon, Scott B.

390

Understanding and Managing Learning Disabilities in Adults. Professional Practices in Adult Education and Human Resource Development Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book reviews learning disabilities (LD) in adults and makes suggestions for helping adults cope with these disabilities. Each chapter covers a type of learning disability or related syndrome or explains characteristics of the brain. Chapter 1 explains several types of specific learning disabilities that make classroom performance difficult…

Jordan, Dale R.

391

Understanding and Managing Learning Disabilities in Adults. Professional Practices in Adult Education and Human Resource Development Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book reviews learning disabilities (LD) in adults and makes suggestions for helping adults cope with these disabilities. Each chapter covers a type of learning disability or related syndrome or explains characteristics of the brain. Chapter 1 explains several types of specific learning disabilities that make classroom performance difficult…

Jordan, Dale R.

392

Evaluation of the Benefits of Assistive Reading Software: Perceptions of High School Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using assistive reading software may be a cost-effective way to increase the opportunity for independent learning in students with learning disabilities. However, the effectiveness and perception of assistive reading software has seldom been explored in English-as-a-second language students with learning disabilities. This research was designed to…

Chiang, Hsin-Yu; Liu, Chien-Hsiou

2011-01-01

393

Evaluation of the Benefits of Assistive Reading Software: Perceptions of High School Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using assistive reading software may be a cost-effective way to increase the opportunity for independent learning in students with learning disabilities. However, the effectiveness and perception of assistive reading software has seldom been explored in English-as-a-second language students with learning disabilities. This research was designed…

Chiang, Hsin-Yu; Liu, Chien-Hsiou

2011-01-01

394

Working Memory Functioning in Children with Learning Disabilities: Does Intelligence Make a Difference?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Children with learning disabilities are identified by their severe learning problems and their deficient school achievement. On the other hand, children with sub-average school achievement "and" sub-average intellectual development are thought to suffer from a general intellectual delay rather than from specific learning disabilities.…

Maehler, Claudia; Schuchardt, K.

2009-01-01

395

Parallels between Learning Disabilities and Fetal Alcohol Syndrome/Effect: No Need To Reinvent the Wheel.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of the research and practice literatures on learning disabilities and on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome/Effect revealed parallels in learning characteristics, as well as in the recommended interventions. Based on these parallels, an adolescent with Fetal Alcohol received intervention. Teaching strategies for students with learning disabilities

Johnson, Carol L.; Lapadat, Judith C.

2000-01-01

396

Cognitive–Motivational Characteristics and Academic Achievement of Learning Disabled Children: A Longitudinal Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Academic self-concept, academic locus of control, and achievement expectations were investigated over a 2-year period for 78 children identified as learning disabled (LD) and 71 non learning disabled, normally achieving children (NLD). The LD children had no remedial program for their learning problems and had not been classified by their schools as LD. The data were collected while the sample

James W. Chapman

1988-01-01

397

Computer Assisted Instruction to Promote Comprehension in Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reading comprehension is a crucial skill for academic success of all students. Very often, students with learning disabilities struggle with reading skills and since students learn new information in school by reading; these difficulties often increase the academic struggles students with learning disabilities face. The current study examined…

Stetter, Maria Earman; Hughes, Marie Tejero

2011-01-01

398

Early Child Contingency Learning and Detection: Research Evidence and Implications for Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The types of contingency experiences infants and young children are typically exposed to are examined with a focus on the implications for early childhood intervention with young children who have developmental disabilities and delays. Studies of response-contingent child learning, the manner in which contingencies are not under direct child control, and child\\/caregiver reciprocal contingencies, are reviewed in terms of how

Carl J. Dunst; Carol M. Trivette; Melinda Raab; Tracy L. Masiello

2008-01-01

399

Estimating the severity of intellectual disability in adults: a Mokken scaling analysis of the learning disability screening questionnaire.  

PubMed

A Mokken scaling analysis of the learning disability screening questionnaire (LDSQ) suggested that, with the exception of 1 item, the scale conforms to the properties of a Mokken scale. This has advantages for estimating the severity of intellectual disability and inferring the difficulties likely to be experienced by an individual for whom there is incomplete information on intellectual and adaptive functioning. PMID:23544397

Murray, Aja L; McKenzie, Karen

2013-04-01

400

Disability as Cultural Difference: Implications for Special Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article critiques the treatment of disability as cultural difference by the theorists of the "social model" and "minority group model" of disability. Both models include all of the various disabling conditions under one term--disability--and fail to distinguish disabilities from cultural differences (e.g., race, ethnicity, or gender…

Anastasiou, Dimitris; Kauffman, James M.

2012-01-01

401

Opportunity to Learn: Implications for Professional Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews the history of the concept of equal educational opportunity, noting the shift from a separate-but-equal input definition to an opportunity-to-learn process interpretation. Also discussed are implications of the definition of opportunity to learn for professional development and the education of African-American students. (SLD)|

Baratz-Snowden, Joan C.

1993-01-01

402

How Helpful are Computers? Comparison of the Computer Experiences of Students With and Without Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This study investigated the attitudes and opinions of students with and without learning disabilities regarding,the use of computers for school-related work. Using in-depth interviews, six students from grades 5 through 12, three students with learning disabilities and three students without learning disabilities, were interviewed. The interviews revealed five general themes: applications of computers, instructional uses of computers, attitudes about

Rachel Brown-Chidsey; Mary Lynn Boscardin

2001-01-01

403

The effects of computer-assisted instruction on the mathematical problem-solving of students with learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students with learning disabilities have documented difficulties in solving mathematical word problems. Computer-assisted instruction (CAI) has been documented as an alternative instructional mode which has facilitated the performance of students with learning disabilities in various content areas. This study was intended to determine: (a) whether students with learning disabilities could benefit from a computer-assisted instructional tutorial program to learn math

Rwey-Lin Shiah; Margo Mastropieri; Thomas Scruggs; Barbara J. Mushinski Fulk

1994-01-01

404

Looking through the learning disability lens: inclusive education and the learning disability embodiment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inclusion as an educational approach for students with disabilities is a widely debated topic. The concept of inclusion is often referred to as a philosophy that all pupils – regardless of ability and other differences – should be included within age-appropriate community schools [Stainback, S.B. and Stainback, W. eds., 1996. Inclusion: a guide for educators. Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes

Athena Goodfellow

2012-01-01

405

Stability of disability among PACE enrollees: financial and programmatic implications.  

PubMed

This article examines the experience of the first 11 Program of All-inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE) programs. It investigates changes in functional status of participants in relation to length of enrollment in the program and individual risk characteristics. Our findings indicate that mature programs experience stable disability mix over time, supporting the rationale for the current PACE payment method. However, significant differences exist between programs, suggesting that payment rates could be more program specific. Analysis of the effect of patient characteristics at admission on the likelihood of improvement in functional status identified areas for quality improvement. The implications of this study have increasing importance in light of the expected expansion of PACE to approximately 100 sites by the year 2000. PMID:10345415

Mukamel, D B; Temkin-Greener, H; Clark, M L

1998-01-01

406

Intrinsic vs extrinsic motivation in learning disabled children.  

PubMed

44 children identified as learning disabled were administered Harter's Scale of Intrinsic Versus Extrinsic Orientation in the Classroom. Scores were correlated with several indices of school behavior, standardized achievement test scores, report-card letter grades, and teachers' behavioral ratings. No consistent pattern of relationship was evidenced between the scale and academic achievement as assessed by standardized tests and report-card letter grades. However, a weak but statistically significant pattern of relationship (rs .24 to .33) was noted between two subscales of the Harter scale and teachers' behavioral ratings. Internality on these subscales tended to be associated with higher teachers' ratings. PMID:6622182

Reeve, P T; Loper, A B

1983-08-01

407

Treatment of seizures in patients with learning disabilities.  

PubMed

People with learning disabilities commonly have seizures. Combined electroencephalogram and video investigations improve diagnostic accuracy, while neuroimaging may indicate a role for surgery. When epilepsy is diagnosed, individually tailored care is necessary. Rational antiepileptic drug use is advocated, with emphasis upon the newer agents due to their better tolerability and ease of use. Regular clinical review will prevent over-medicating. Although an optimistic approach can now be adopted, future developments require a more solid evidence base together with a rationality to all aspects of care, including drug therapy, carer education, closer collaboration among specialists, and mutual skill awareness of all involved. PMID:9593325

Hannah, J A; Brodie, M J

1998-04-01

408

Meeting the Needs of English Language Learners with Learning Disabilities in the General Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To be academically successful in general education classrooms, English language learners (ELLs) with learning disabilities (LD) need instruction that is simultaneously responsive to their disability, English language status, and culture. Because the majority of students with LD have reading disabilities, ESL and classroom teachers must be…

Garcia, Shernaz B.; Tyler, Brenda-Jean

2010-01-01

409

Meeting the Needs of English Language Learners With Learning Disabilities in the General Curriculuam  

Microsoft Academic Search

To be academically successful in general education classrooms, English language learners (ELLs) with learning disabilities (LD) need instruction that is simultaneously responsive to their disability, English language status, and culture. Because the majority of students with LD have reading disabilities, ESL and classroom teachers must be familiar with instructional strategies that will support language and literacy development in the content

Shernaz B. García; Brenda-Jean Tyler

2010-01-01

410

The Fairness of Report Card Grading Adaptations: What Do Students with and without Learning Disabilities Think?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of 15 high school students with learning disabilities and 257 typical students found no grading adaptation was viewed as fair by a majority of students without disabilities. Changing the grading scale and raising grades to reflect improvement were viewed as fair adaptations by the students with disabilities. (CR)

Bursuck, William D.; Munk, Dennis D.; Olson, Mary M.

1999-01-01

411

Cognitive Phenotype of Mathematical Learning Disabilities: What Can We Learn from Siblings?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The sensitivity of number sense as cognitive phenotype for mathematical learning disabilities (MLD) was assessed in siblings of children with MLD (n = 9) and age matched children without family members with MLD (n = 63). A number line estimation paradigm was used as a measure of children's early number sense. In line with the triple code model of…

Desoete, Annemie; Praet, Magda; Titeca, Daisy; Ceulemans, Annelies

2013-01-01

412

Developing learning software for children with learning disabilities through Block-Based development approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children with learning disability such as autism who have serious impairments with social, emotional, and communication skills require a high degree of personalization in using the educational software develop for them. The aim of this paper is to propose block-based software development method and approach that enables the end-users (such as parents and teachers) to build application software to suit

Afiza Ismail; Nazlia Omar; Abdullah Mohd Zin

2009-01-01

413

The Complex Learning Difficulties and Disabilities Research Project: Developing Meaningful Pathways to Personalised Learning. Executive Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Specialist Schools and Academies Trust (SSAT) was commissioned by the Department for Education (DfE) to research ways to improve outcomes for children and young people with the most complex educational needs and disabilities through the development of evidence-based teaching and learning strategies. The programme of research brought together…

Schools Network, 2011

2011-01-01

414

Learning to Achieve: A Professional's Guide to Educating Adults with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Approximately 3 million adults attend a variety of federally funded adult education and training programs. A noticeable number of these individuals have either diagnosed or undiagnosed learning disabilities (LD). For some, their adult education experience, based on effective instruction and respectful relationships, provides the preparation they…

Taymans, Juliana

2010-01-01

415

The Complex Learning Difficulties and Disabilities Research Project: Developing Meaningful Pathways to Personalised Learning. Final Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Specialist Schools and Academies Trust (SSAT) was commissioned by the Department for Education (DfE) to research ways to improve outcomes for children and young people with the most complex educational needs and disabilities through the development of evidence-based teaching and learning strategies. The programme of research brought together a…

Schools Network, 2011

2011-01-01

416

Using Learning-Strategies Instruction with Students Who Are Gifted and Learning Disabled  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Regardless of prevalence, students who are gifted and learning disabled do exist in America's public schools, and they have unique needs that must be met through our education system (Bees, 1998). Special education teachers, regular education teachers, and teachers of the gifted should be aware of the unique characteristics of students who are…

Bisland, Amy

2004-01-01

417

Work-Based Learning for Adolescents with Learning Disabilities: Creating a Context for Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes cases of two adolescents with learning disabilities working in automotive repair businesses as part of a work-based education program. Neither adolescent was judged to have been successful by the workplace supervisors. The frameworks chosen for analyzing these cases draw upon recent work in self-determination, workplace…

Versnel, Joan; Hutchinson, Nancy L.; Munby, Hugh; Chin, Peter

2008-01-01

418

Cognitive Phenotype of Mathematical Learning Disabilities: What Can We Learn from Siblings?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The sensitivity of number sense as cognitive phenotype for mathematical learning disabilities (MLD) was assessed in siblings of children with MLD (n = 9) and age matched children without family members with MLD (n = 63). A number line estimation paradigm was used as a measure of children's early number sense. In line with the triple code model of…

Desoete, Annemie; Praet, Magda; Titeca, Daisy; Ceulemans, Annelies

2013-01-01

419

Welfare-to-Work and Learning Disability Interventions in Kansas Community College Settings: Phase IV, Learning Disability Assessment Project. Project Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Road to Success (RtS) program was designed to introduce hard-to-employ adults with learning disabilities and other cognitive barriers to ways of learning that are will enable them to learn the skills and knowledge they will need as employees and in their everyday lives. Originally developed to serve welfare recipients in Kansas, RtS was…

Mellard, Daryl; Johnson, Richard

420

Navigating the Beyond-School Years: Employment and Success for Adults with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviews with 70 successful people with learning disabilities resulted in a model for successful employment. Elements include control, internal decision, adaptability, goal orientation, reframing, persistence, goodness of fit, learned creativity, proactivity, and social ecologies. (JOW)

Gerber, Paul J.

2002-01-01

421

Preventing American Indian Children from Overidentification with Learning Disabilities: Cultural Considerations during the Prereferral Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines characteristics of American Indian children, focusing on their similarities with children with learning disabilities. These similarities include: heterogeneity, language problems, concept of time, learned helplessness, locus of control, and discrepancy between potential and achievement. Culturally sensitive prereferral…

Dodd, John M.

422

Feuerstein's Instrumental Enrichment: A New Approach for Activating Intellectual Potential in Learning Disabled Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A pilot study in which four postsecondary students with learning problems participated in sessions modeled after R. Feuerstein's theory of cognitive modifiability (instrumental enrichment) indicated the potential power of the Feuerstein method to improve learning disabled students' cognitive skills. (CL)|

Messerer, Jeffrey; And Others

1984-01-01

423

Family Patterns of Reaction to a Child with Learning Disability: A Mediational Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The impact of a child's learning disability on the family system is explored using Feuerstein's concept of mediated learning experience. Four prototypical patterns of family response are identified, with descriptions of the mediational restrictions and potentialities embedded within them. (DB)|

Falik, Louis H.

1995-01-01

424

Science, Technology, and the Learning Disabled: A Review of the Literature  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The lack of research studies that examine the use of technology as a tool to support the learning of science among the learning disabled is an important limitation of research in science teaching. This chapter focuses on the use of computer technology and has three objectives: (1) to summarize technology and science education research of the last decade as it relates to the learning disabled, (2) to identify potential computer technology tools that can be best used to support the learning of science by the learning disabled, and (3) to provide some recommendations for postsecondary science educators.

Marshall, Karen B.

2006-01-01

425

The Development of an Assessment Tool for the Bereavement Needs of People with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many people with learning disabilities are not well supported when someone close to them dies. This can make it an even more difficult time than it needs to be. This is about how staff can help people with learning disabilities when somebody close to them dies. It has some questions for them to think about. It is well documented that the death of…

Blackman, Noelle

2008-01-01

426

Reading Interventions for Students with Learning Disabilities in the Upper Elementary Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|For students with learning disabilities, the upper elementary grades may represent a unique opportunity to provide successful remediation for lessening a reading difficulty and preventing students with learning disabilities from falling behind in other content areas. This article discusses effective reading interventions for students with…

Wanzek, Jeanne; Kent, Shawn C.

2012-01-01

427

An Overview of the Side Effects of Including Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, we summarize the findings from eight separate focus group studies, conducted with various stakeholders--special education teachers, general education teachers, administrators, school psychologists, students with learning disabilities, parents of students with learning disabilities, teacher educators, and higher education faculty…

Tankersley, Melody; Cook, Bryan G.

2007-01-01

428

Supporting Parents: Development of a Tool to Measure Self-Efficacy of Parents with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There has been a steady increase over the last 20 years in the number of parents with learning disabilities who are referred to social workers and community health practitioners. It is a common experience for parents with learning disabilities to have their child removed from the home and placed permanently in care, and although they are often…

Bloomfield, Linda; Kendall, Sally; Fortuna, Sandra

2010-01-01

429

"My Memory's Back!" Inclusive Learning Disability Research Using Ethics, Oral History and Digital Storytelling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The following article outlines the methodological approach used to include people with learning disabilities as active participants in an oral history produced in Australia. The history sought to document life inside Kew Cottages, Australia's oldest and largest specialised institution for people with learning disabilities. This work furthers…

Manning, Corinne

2010-01-01

430

Learning Disabilities: What Are They? Helping Teachers and Parents Understand the Characteristics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Specific Learning Disability" is by far the largest category of conditions served in special education. Unfortunately, few parents (and educators) really understand what learning disabilities are. Many erroneously believe it is a "politically correct" term for "mildly mentally retarded" or "dull normal." Further, while most laypeople have heard…

Cimera, Robert Evert

2007-01-01

431

Setting up and Running a Loss and Bereavement Support Group for Adults with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Following evidence based literature, the Birmingham Clinical Psychology Service for People with Learning Disabilities ran a Loss and Bereavement Psychotherapy Group. The group consisted of five adults with mild learning disabilities, who met for 8 consecutive weeks. This paper reports the process of setting up a bereavement group for people with…

Boyden, Paul; Freeman, Adele; Offen, Liz

2010-01-01

432

Assistive Technology and the Law: A Guide for Persons with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The law clearly states how assistive technology is to be used for children with learning disabilities. This article focuses upon the different types of technology that can be used for children with learning disabilities and provides an overview of the different types of technology available. (Contains 4 tables.)|

Birnbaum, Barry W.; Kritikos, Effie Papoutsis

2008-01-01

433

Adults Who Have a Learning Disability: A Guide for the ABE Instructor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This monograph is intended to be a guide to the teacher of adult basic education (ABE) whose students include those with learning disabilities. An introductory chapter notes that participants with learning disabilities in ABE programs may or may not have received special educational services depending on whether they attended school before or…

Hutto, Melanie D.

434

Young People with Harmful Sexual Behaviour: Do Those with Learning Disabilities Form a Distinct Subgroup?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study examines 102 young people with Learning Disabilities (n = 51) and without a learning disability (NLD; n = 51) to explore ways in which LD young people with harmful sexual behaviours (HSB) should be recognized as a subgroup requiring specialized treatment and intervention. Throughout this comparison of perpetrator, victim and abuse…

Almond, Louise; Giles, Susan

2008-01-01

435

Disproportionality and Learning Disabilities: Parsing Apart Race, Socioeconomic Status, and Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The disproportionate identification of learning disabilities among certain sociodemographic subgroups, typically groups that are already disadvantaged, is perceived as a persistent problem within the education system. The academic and social experiences of students who are misidentified with a learning disability may be severely restricted,…

Shifrer, Dara; Muller, Chandra; Callahan, Rebecca

2011-01-01

436

Beyond Instruction; Beyond a Website: Distance Learning, Disability Inclusiveness and Changing Workplace Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Often, the aim of distance learning (DL) is to enhance individual learning, not to change workplace practices. Changing organizational policies, practices and behaviors related to disability calls for a different DL approach that engages users and contextualizes knowledge. In the disability arena, there is a need for programming that brings about…

Rudstam, Hannah; Gower, Wendy Strobel

2012-01-01

437

How does the severity of a learning disability affect working memory performance?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Working memory performance was examined in children aged 11-12 years who had borderline, mild, and moderate learning disabilities. Comparisons with children of average abilities were used to determine whether those with more severe learning disabilities had greater impairments in working memory. Seven measures of working memory span were used to assess temporary phonological short-term storage (digit span, word span), temporary

Lucy A. Henry

2001-01-01

438

Supported employment in Northern Ireland: a gateway towards social inclusion for people with learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Services in Northern Ireland for adults with learning disabilities do not place enough emphasis on supported employment as an option of intervention to meet individual needs. There is strong evidence to suggest that employment often acts as a gateway toward increased self-esteem, ascription to adult status, social inclusion and heightened dignity for adults with learning disabilities. This paper explores the

G. Anderson

1998-01-01

439

Love and Loving Relationships in People with Learning Disabilities: A Scientific Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Love has been a recurring theme through history and literature, and its relevance to health, well-being and quality of life has been widely acknowledged. However, the scientific study of love has not yet reached people with learning disabilities. The study reported here was based on research with 376 people with learning disabilities in Spain, and aimed to analyse their appraisal

Raquel Morentin; Benito Arias; Cristina Jenaro; J Rodríguez-Mayoral; Michelle McCarthy

2008-01-01

440

A Cognitive Behavioural Intervention for Dental Anxiety for People with Learning Disabilities: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Dental anxiety is a common form of anxiety problem, and research suggests that more people with learning disabilities experience dental anxiety than in the general population. Very little work has been done to investigate effective non-medical approaches for supporting people with a learning disability and dental anxiety to access dental care.…

Prangnell, Simon J.; Green, Karen

2008-01-01

441

A Conceptual Framework in Language Learning Disabilities: School-Age Language Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author reflects upon some of the similarities and differences that exist across 25 years of research and practice in language learning disabilities and provides examples of how definitions of and perceptions about language, learning, and reading disabilities are still evolving. The author also evaluates language intervention approaches then…

Wallach, Geraldine P.

2005-01-01

442

Performance of Learning Disabled and Normal Adolescents on the Clinical Evaluation of Language Functions (CELF)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Clinical Evaluation of Language Functions (CELF) was administered to 21 learning disabled and 21 matched normal adolescents. One subtest yielded significant differences between the two grops when both raw scores and pass-fall incidence were compared. Production subtests, as a whole, were failed more often by the learning disabled subjects than by the normal subjects; this waxs not true of

Susan C. Parker; Joan D. Berryman

1982-01-01

443

Ethics in quasi-experimental research on people with severe learning disabilities: dilemmas and compromises  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary The present paper follows up the theme of research ethics that has been discussed in the British Journal of Learning Disabilities in recent years. We join the debate in the capacity of people involved in doing research on, rather than with, people with learning disabilities. We focus on our own quasi-experimental study evaluating the Intensive Interaction approach for pupils

Mary Kellett; Melanie Nind

2001-01-01

444

Caring for Children with Learning Disabilities: An Exploratory Study of Parental Strain and Coping  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite recurring concerns about the role and appropriate support of informal carers, little is known about the parental experience of caring for children with learning disabilities in Ireland. This study describes and analyses the nature and consequences of care and coping among parents of children (fewer than 16) with learning disabilities

Kenny, Kate; McGilloway, Sinead

2007-01-01

445

Conductive Hearing Loss in Autistic, Learning-Disabled, and Normal Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Repeated impedance measures were given over five weeks to 11 autistic, 20 learning-disabled, and 20 normal children. A repeated measures analysis of variance led to the conclusion that fluctuating, negative middle ear pressure greater than normal characterizes both autistic and learning-disabled children with the more abnormal pressures typical…

Smith, Donald E. P.; And Others

1988-01-01

446

Rapid Automatized Naming and Learning Disabilities: Does RAN Have a Specific Connection to Reading or Not?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work is an extension of a study by Waber, Wolff, Forbes, and Weiler (2000) in which the specificity of naming speed deficits to reading disability (RD) was examined. One hundred ninety-three children (ages 8 to 11) evaluated for learning disabilities were studied. It was determined how well rapid automatized naming (RAN) discriminated between different diagnostic groups (learning impaired [LI

Riikka Heikkilä; Vesa Närhi; Mikko Aro; Timo Ahonen

2009-01-01

447

Assessing the Occurrence of Learning in Children with Profound Intellectual Disability: A Conditioning Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses basic learning processes utilized by children with profound intellectual disabilities, including classical conditioning, operant conditioning, and habituation. The article also explores how these learning processes may be used in assessing the capabilities and preferences of children with profound intellectual disabilities.…

Remington, Bob

1996-01-01

448

When IQ is Irrelevant to the Definition of Learning Disabilities. Australian School Psychologists' Beliefs and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|School psychologists in North America are facing a transformation of their professional practices brought about by impending changes in operational definitions of learning disabilities (LD). This multimethod study explores the learning disabilities-related beliefs and practices of school psychologists in Western Australia, where these changes…

Klassen, Robert M.; Neufeld, Paul; Munro, Fiona

2005-01-01

449

The Effects of Partner Learning During Spelling for Students with Severe Disabilities and Their Peers  

Microsoft Academic Search

A multiple baseline across subjects design was used to examine the effects of partner learning on the spelling performance, academic responding, and competing behavior of three students with severe disabilities and three of their classmates without disabilities. The students were enrolled in different general elementary classes. All students in these classes were assigned to partner learning triads by the general

John McDonnell; Nadine Thorson; Cathi Allen; Connie Mathot-Buckner

2000-01-01

450

Caring for children with learning disabilities who present problem behaviours: a maternal perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The theoretical cognitive model of stress and coping provides a structure to obtain and analyse maternal perceptions of caring for children with learning disabilities who present severe problem behaviours. The Family Fund database identified 18 families who met the sample criteria of children aged five years to 15 years with severe to moderate learning disability presenting severe problem behaviour. Physical

Robert F. Johnson; Michelle OReilly; Panos Vostanis

2006-01-01

451

The Experiences of Children with Learning Disabilities, Their Carers and Staff during a Hospital Admission  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Government policy is that people with learning disabilities should have their healthcare needs met by mainstream services. This study interviewed the carers of 13 children with learning disabilities admitted to hospital for a period longer than 24 h. Nursing staff and two children were also interviewed. Five themes were identified as having a…

Brown, Freddy Jackson; Guvenir, Jane

2009-01-01

452

Home Literacy Activities: Perceptions and Practices of Hispanic Parents of Children with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the perceptions and practices concerning home literacy activities of 80 Hispanic parents (40 with children with learning disabilities). Although Hispanic parents of children with learning disabilities reported regularly using a wide variety of reading and writing activities, they also reported experiencing frustration in their…

Hughes, Marie Tejero; Vaughn, Sharon; Schumm, Jeanne Shay

1999-01-01

453

Loaded Pistols: The Interplay of Social Intervention and Anti-Aesthetic Tradition in Learning Disabled Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article considers the aesthetics of applied performance with people with learning disabilities. Focusing on the integrated punk band Heavy Load, it explores how the aesthetic structure reconstructs notions of learning disability and intervenes in its social experience. It argues that this is facilitated through the punk form which positions…

Calvert, Dave

2010-01-01

454

Stress, Depression, and Suicide among Students with Learning Disabilities: Assessing the Risk.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research is reviewed on stress, depression, and suicide among adolescents with learning disabilities from the risk resilience perspective. Adolescents with nonverbal learning disabilities and/or those who are less academically adept manifest higher rates of depression. Some evidence also exists to support an increased risk of suicide among this…

Bender, William N.; Rosenkrans, Cecilia B.; Crane, Mary-Kay

1999-01-01

455

The Presence of Learning Disabled Youth in Our Juvenile Institutions: Excusable or Gross Negligence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the most significant problems in the area of learning disabilities and delinquency is failure in recognizing the characteristics of the LD (Learning Disabled) by the juvenile justice system. Therefore, a number of useful techniques, skills, and strategies are provided to help court officers, educators, mental health professionals, and…

Inesia-Forde, Angelina

2005-01-01

456

Diagnosing and Treating Learning Disabilities in Gifted Children: A Neurodevelopmental Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews the identification of students with learning disabilities, gifted children, and problems facing the remediation of their difficulties. An outline is given of an approach that applies neuroscience to understanding and treating the root cause of learning disabilities. A case study of a child labeled dyslexic is presented.…

Kokot, Shirley J.

2003-01-01

457

Teaching Students with Learning Disabilities. Programming for Students with Special Needs, Book 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part of a seven-book series called "Programming for Students with Special Needs," this book offers all teachers information to enhance their understanding of learning disabilities and provides practical strategies to assist in teaching students with special needs. Section 1 discusses the definition of learning disabilities, labeling, and the…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Special Education Branch.

458

WISC-R Performance Patterns of Learning-Disabled Children from Papago Culture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised (WISC-R) profiles of learning disabled children (N=46) from the Papago culture. Analysis suggested that learning disabled Papago children were not characterized by Spatial > Conceptual > Sequential pattern because WISC-R performance of these children was similar on Sequential and…

Mishra, Shitala P.

1984-01-01

459

Comparative Analysis of Attentional Deficits in Hyperactive and Learning-Disabled Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children with attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity (ADDH), learning disability (LD), ADDH-LD, and normal children were compared on measures of sustained attention, selective attention, and span of apprehension. Unique patterns of attentional deficits were associated with each of the diagnostic groups. The ADDH children with and without learning disabilities exhibited sustained attention deficits. The LD groups evidenced selective attention deficits

Kenneth J. Tarnowski; Ronald J. Prinz; Susan M. Nay

1986-01-01

460

Verbal Rehearsal and Visual Imagery: Mnemonic Aids for Learning-Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies involving 30 learning-disabled elementary students support the contention that reading comprehension difficulties among learning-disabled children are partly due to inefficient memorization strategies, and demonstrate the efficacy of practical, cost-effective mnemonic training procedures which significantly increase reading comprehension…

Rose, Michael C.; And Others

1983-01-01

461

The Price of Social Ineptitude in Learning-Disabled Children: The Challenge Ahead.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The social ineptitude and the emotional and practical upsets of many learning disabled children require practitioners to find ways to help them improve their social skills. Training in Interpersonal Cognitive Problem-Solving skills, modified to address their unique difficulties, may improve behavior of learning disabled children. (Author/VW)

Healey, Kathryn N.

1987-01-01

462

Intelligent Testing and the Discrepancy Model for Children with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the historical basis and rationale for identifying children as learning disabled due to a discrepancy between scores on measures of intelligence and achievement. Discusses the validity of such classifications and the role of IQ testing in the designation of children as learning disabled for research and public policy. Alternative…

Fletcher, Jack M.; Francis, David J.; Shaywitz, Sally E.; Lyon, G. Reid; Foorman, Barbara R.; Stuebing, Karla K.; Shaywitz, Bennett A.

1998-01-01

463

Psychometric Properties of a Pictorial Self-Concept Scale among Young Learning Disabled Pupils.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Used 105 learning disabled children in grades one through three to assess the psychometric properties of a pictorial scale of perceived competence. Results reveal a three-factor solution for factor structure: (1) academic competence; (2) physical competence; and (3) social acceptance. Findings suggest that learning disabled pupils can discern…

Cadieux, Alain

1996-01-01

464

Learning Disabilities and Early Intervention: A Review of Theory, Research, and Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews research and theory on the subpopulation of learning disabled children receiving special education services. Reviews developmental concepts as they apply to early intervention for learning disabled children, and theoretical bases for early intervention. Issues of assessment and service delivery are also reviewed. (HTH)

Pierce, Sarah H.

1995-01-01

465

Social skills intervention with learning disabled children: Selecting skills and implementing training  

Microsoft Academic Search

In view of the social difficulties faced by many learning disabled children, the present paper extends current knowledge and expertise in the area of social?skills intervention to learning disabled children. First, nine areas of social behavior which relate to a child's acceptance from peers are reviewed and detailed, and considerations regarding how to select appropriate target skills and treatment goals

Annette Marie La Greca; Gary B. Mesibov

1979-01-01

466

Strategies for Overcoming Barriers to Training and Education for Canadians with Disabilities. Lessons in Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|If stronger skills and more education are key to greater labour force participation, then it is important to identify critical barriers to education and training for Canadians with disabilities. In 2008, the Canadian Council on Learning's Adult Learning Knowledge Centre funded a "Community Outreach Initiative for Learner's with Disabilities" that…

Canadian Council on Learning, 2009

2009-01-01

467

Evaluation and Effectiveness of Pain Recognition and Management Training for Staff Working in Learning Disability Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Following Beacroft & Dodd's (2009) audit of pain recognition and management within learning disability services in Surrey, it was recommended that learning disability services should receive training in pain recognition and management. Two hundred and seventy-five services were invited to participate, of which 197 services in Surrey accepted and…

Mackey, Ellen; Dodd, Karen

2011-01-01

468

Written Expression of Students with and without Learning Disabilities: Differences across the Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study compared the writing productivity, syntactic maturity, vocabulary, and mechanics of 48 learning-disabled and 48 normally achieving students in grades 4, 8, and 11. Learning-disabled students' written products were shorter, contained fewer sentences with more words per sentence, included fewer long words, and had more spelling and…

Houck, Cherry K.; Billingsley, Bonnie S.

1989-01-01

469

Instructing Students with Learning Disabilities: Guidelines for Community College Faculty and Support Staff. Conference Proceedings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In a series of conferences provided for faculty and support staff in several community colleges in the New York City metropolitan area, presentations were made on instructing college students with learning disabilities. Summaries of 15 of these presentations are offered, with the following titles and presenters: "Applying Learning Disabilities

Perin, Dolores, Ed.

470

How Can Meta-Analyses Guide Practice? A Review of the Learning Disability Research Base  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Meta-analysis is considered an acceptable method to evaluate research studies for evidence-based practices. The purpose of this review is to examine the applicability of using meta-analyses in the learning disability field to guide classroom practice. The authors evaluated 15 learning disability meta-analyses in three domains: large-scale…

Therrien, William J.; Zaman, Maliha; Banda, Devender R.

2011-01-01

471

Dental Discomfort Questionnaire: its use with children with a learning disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated whether the behaviors from the Dental Discomfort Questionnaire (DDQ) could help identify toothaches in children with a learning disability, who have a limited capacity to self-report. The objectives were to examine whether the behaviors from the DDQ occur more often in children with a learning disability who have caries and a toothache than in children who do

Judith Versloot; Emma Hall-Scullin; Jaap S. J. Veerkamp; Ruth Freeman

2008-01-01

472

Pruning the Fuzziness and Flab From Learning Disabilities Research. Symposium No. 12: Response  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to S. A. Cohen's paper on research problems in learning disabilities the author agrees on the need for better definitions and more experimental studies (rather than ex post facto correlational studies) but suggests that subgroups within the broad classification of learning disabilities be identified for research and instructional…

Anderson, David O.

1976-01-01

473

Psychotic Disorders in Learning Disabilities--Outcome of an Audit across Community Teams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of the audit was to evaluate the current clinical practice for learning-disabled individuals with psychotic disorders. We evaluated the existing clinical practice in 910 individuals who were under the care of learning disability psychiatrists in Buckinghamshire (population of 480 000). This was compared with the National Institute for…

Varghese, Susan; Banerjee, Subimal

2011-01-01

474

Effective Communication Training Interventions for Paid Carers Supporting Adults with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Carer communication skills contribute to the well being of individuals with learning disabilities. Few studies have examined the effectiveness of communication training interventions, and there is a lack of robust measures of outcome. A communication self-efficacy measure relevant to carers supporting adults with learning disabilities was…

Kyle, Seonaid; Melville, Craig A.; Jones, Andrea

2010-01-01

475

Breaking the Discrepancy Code: A Meta-Analysis of the Specific Learning Disability Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous "selective" meta-analyses of the literature relating to the IQ-achievement discrepancy model of specific learning disability identification have concluded that "underachieving" and "low-achieving" poor readers do not differ in any educationally meaningful way. Underachievers are those poor readers who qualify as learning disabled using an…

Bachmeier, Randy J.

2009-01-01

476

Services for young people with learning disabilities and mental health needs from South Asian communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children and young people with learning disabilities and mental health problems from black and minority ethnic communities face barriers in accessing services. This paper describes a mapping of services used by young people with learning disabilities and mental health problems from Pakistani and Bangladeshi communities. Overall the participants accessed primary health care services through their GPs, had contact with Social

Raghu Raghavan; Fozia Waseem

2007-01-01

477

What is the Effect on a Child of Having a Parent with Learning Disability?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The number of parents with a learning disability is growing rapidly, as the closure of institutions and the rise of community living encourage this population to take on roles that were previously denied to them (DoH, 2001). People with a learning disability are seen as people first, with the right to be a parent and raise a child, a valued

Olivia Hewitt

2007-01-01

478

A Study of Successful Outcomes in the Categorical Learning Disabilities Programs: 1975.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presented are the results of a second study of North Carolina's Learning Disabilities Program in which 44 teachers were interviewed to obtain information on the factors which contributed to the educational outcome of 46 learning disabled students (6-13 years old). Section I provides a description of the program during the second year of operation…

George, Pamela; And Others

479

Comparison of Teacher-Rated Achievement Levels of Behaviorally Disordered, Learning Disabled, and Nonhandicapped Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher ratings on reading recognition, reading comprehension, arithmetic, and written expression revealed that behaviorally disordered and learning-disabled adolescents (N=200) were seen as performing significantly below expected levels of achievement. Differences between behaviorally disordered and learning-disabled students appeared to depend…

Luebke, Jerry; And Others

1989-01-01

480

School-Related Stress and Depression in Adolescents with and without Learning Disabilities: An Exploratory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined school-related stress and depression in adolescents with and without learning disabilities. A total of 87 students (38 learning-disabled and 49 nondisabled) from secondary schools in Calgary completed questionnaires on depressive symptoms and on school-related stress. Results indicated that the adolescents with LD reported…

Feurer, D. Paige; Andrews, Jac J. W.

2009-01-01

481

Issues in sex education for people with learning disabilities in the United Kingdom  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the assumptions made about the sexuality of individuals with learning disabilities. The place, context, content and methodology of sex education for this population in the United Kingdom is examined in detail. Examples of work with the parents of both children and adults with learning disabilities are given.

Ann Craft

1994-01-01

482

The Effect of Special Class Placement on the Self-Concept of Children with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines ramifications of special class placement on the self-concept of learning-disabled children. Results reveal a strong link between learning disabilities and low self-concept. Three kinds of effects of special class placement on self-concept and certain sex differences are indicated. (Author/BB)

Beltempo, Joseph; Achille, Pier Angelo

1990-01-01

483

Having ‘learning difficulties’: the inclusive education of disabled girls and boys in Vietnam  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the ‘inclusive education’ strategy in Vietnam and the extent to which it facilitates learning in students with disabilities. After the introduction of the doi moi (renewal) policy in 1986, Vietnamese society went through a period of rapid transformation, including the educational sector. Debates on teaching means, curricula, learning, and the inclusion of children with disabilities in public

Helle Rydstrom

2010-01-01

484

How Can Meta-Analyses Guide Practice? A Review of the Learning Disability Research Base  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Meta-analysis is considered an acceptable method to evaluate research studies for evidence-based practices. The purpose of this review is to examine the applicability of using meta-analyses in the learning disability field to guide classroom practice. The authors evaluated 15 learning disability meta-analyses in three domains: large-scale…

Therrien, William J.; Zaman, Maliha; Banda, Devender R.

2011-01-01

485

Using Contact Work in Interactions with Adults with Learning Disabilities and Autistic Spectrum Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes a project about using contact work with people with learning disabilities and autistic spectrum disorder. People with learning disabilities and additional autistic spectrum disorder are at risk of becoming socially isolated because of their difficulties in interacting with others. Contact work is a form of Pre-Therapy,…

Brooks, Sharon; Paterson, Gail

2011-01-01

486

Middle-School Mathematics Curricula and Students with Learning Disabilities: Is One Curriculum Better?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little is known about how best to teach mathematics to students with learning disabilities. This study explored the performance and self-reported calculator use of 13 sixth-grade and 15 seventh-grade students with learning disabilities educated in either standards-based or traditional mathematics curricula on multiple-choice and open-ended…

Bouck, Emily C.; Kulkarni, Gauri

2009-01-01

487

Profiling Executive Dysfunction in Adults with Autism and Comorbid Learning Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Executive dysfunction is thought to be primary to autism. We examined differences in executive function between 20 adults with autism and learning disability and 23 individuals with learning disabilities outside the autistic spectrum. All participants were matched for chronological age and full-scale IQ, and were given a battery of tasks…

Barnard, Louise; Muldoon, Kevin; Hasan, Reem; O'Brien, Gregory; Stewart, Mary

2008-01-01

488

Some Thoughts on Why the Prevalence of Learning Disabilities Has Increased.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Factors that may explain the increase in the prevalence of learning disabilities are explained. One factor is related to the newness of learning disabilities as a discipline, and one is related to social/cultural changes (such as substance abuse, poverty, and lack of social support) that have occurred in U.S. society. (JDD)

Hallahan, Daniel P.

1992-01-01

489

In Business: Developing the Self Employment Option for People with Learning Disabilities. Programme Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|People with learning disabilities have talents and skills, but rarely do they get the chance to start their own business. In Business was designed to challenge this and to make self employment a realistic option for some by setting out to support and capture the journey to business for people with a learning disability and those who support them.…

Bates, Keith

2009-01-01

490

Neurobiological Underpinnings of Math and Reading Learning Disabilities  

PubMed Central

The primary goal of this review is to highlight current research and theories describing the neurobiological basis of math (MD), reading (RD), and comorbid math and reading disability (MD+RD). We first describe the unique brain and cognitive processes involved in acquisition of math and reading skills, emphasizing similarities and differences in each domain. Next we review functional imaging studies of MD and RD in children, integrating relevant theories from experimental psychology and cognitive neuroscience to characterize the functional neuroanatomy of cognitive dysfunction in MD and RD. We then review recent research on the anatomical correlates of MD and RD. Converging evidence from morphometry and tractography studies are presented to highlight distinct patterns of white matter pathways which are disrupted in MD and RD. Finally, we examine how the intersection of MD and RD provides a unique opportunity to clarify the unique and shared brain systems which adversely impact learning and skill acquisition in MD and RD, and point out important areas for future work on comorbid learning disabilities.

Ashkenazi, Sarit; Black, Jessica M.; Abrams, Daniel A.; Hoeft, Fumiko; Menon, Vinod

2013-01-01

491

Neurobiological underpinnings of math and reading learning disabilities.  

PubMed

The primary goal of this review is to highlight current research and theories describing the neurobiological basis of math (MD), reading (RD), and comorbid math and reading disability (MD+RD). We first describe the unique brain and cognitive processes involved in acquisition of math and reading skills, emphasizing similarities and differences in each domain. Next we review functional imaging studies of MD and RD in children, integrating relevant theories from experimental psychology and cognitive neuroscience to characterize the functional neuroanatomy of cognitive dysfunction in MD and RD. We then review recent research on the anatomical correlates of MD and RD. Converging evidence from morphometry and tractography studies are presented to highlight distinct patterns of white matter pathways which are disrupted in MD and RD. Finally, we examine how the intersection of MD and RD provides a unique opportunity to clarify the unique and shared brain systems which adversely impact learning and skill acquisition in MD and RD, and point out important areas for future work on comorbid learning disabilities. PMID:23572008

Ashkenazi, Sarit; Black, Jessica M; Abrams, Daniel A; Hoeft, Fumiko; Menon, Vinod

2013-04-09

492

Creating an Environment for Learning Disabilities: A Resource and Planning Guide. Bulletin No. 95053.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book discusses the challenge for today's schools to find the ways in which students with learning disabilities (LD) learn best and to deliver those opportunities for learning. The chapters focus on: (1) the elements of effective learning that belong in every classroom and the characteristics of students with LD; (2) theories of teaching and…

O'Donnell, Donita G.

493

The Role of Parenting for the Adjustment of Children with and without Learning Disabilities: A Person-Oriented Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A person-oriented approach was used to examine the role of parenting in the associations between single learning disabilities and multiple learning disabilities and the adjustment difficulties in 8-11-year-olds. The results revealed that multiple, but not single, learning disabilities were associated with greater difficulties in emotional and…

Barkauskiene, Rasa

2009-01-01

494

Technology and Communications Coursework: Facilitating the Progression of Students with Learning Disabilities through High School Science and Math Coursework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Students identified with learning disabilities experience markedly lower levels of science and mathematics achievement than students who are not identified with a learning disability. Seemingly compounding their disadvantage, students with learning disabilities also complete more credits in non-core coursework--traditionally considered…

Shifrer, Dara; Callahan, Rebecca

2010-01-01

495

Piracetam: its possible mode of action in children with learning disabilities and its effect on in vitro cell growth  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of pharmaceutical products such as Piracetam (Nootropil®) for the treatment of learning disabilities is becoming increasingly prevalent, and some studies have shown successful treatment of learning disabilities in children. This research article will discuss traditional uses of Piracetam, as well as uses in learning disabilities, with particular focus on case studies where it has been given to children

R. Britz; M. J. Bester; A. da Silva; N. A. Motsoane; J. Marx; H. Naudé; E. Pretorius

2006-01-01

496

"I Feel Pain"--Audit of Communication Skills and Understanding of Pain and Health Needs with People with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An audit was conducted across Surrey to investigate pain recognition and management with people with learning disabilities. This section of the audit looked at what people with learning disabilities understood and experienced when they had pain compared to good practice from the literature. The results show that people with learning disabilities

Beacroft, Monica; Dodd, Karen

2011-01-01

497

Piracetam: Its Possible Mode of Action in Children with Learning Disabilities and Its Effect on "in vitro" Cell Growth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The use of pharmaceutical products such as Piracetam (Nootropil[R]) for the treatment of learning disabilities is becoming increasingly prevalent, and some studies have shown successful treatment of learning disabilities in children. This research article will discuss traditional uses of Piracetam, as well as uses in learning disabilities, with…

Britz, R.; Bester, M. J.; da Silva, A.; Motsoane, N. A.; Marx, J.; Naude, H.; Pretorius, E.

2006-01-01

498

The TATE [Through Assistive Technology to Employment] Project: Outcomes of the TATE Project for people with learning disabilities and staff  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research looked at the TATE [Through Assistive Technology to Employment] Project and its delivery of ICT\\/AT to people with learning disabilities. It tested whether the Project affected the independence, skills, choice and control exercised by people with learning disabilities, and if staff attitudes and skills were changed. A purposive sample of 29 people with learning disabilities were selected, and

Stephen Beyer; Andrea Meek; Mark Kilsby; Jonathan Perry

2008-01-01

499

Comparison of Learning Disabled and General Education Children on the McCarthy Scales of Children's Abilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning disabled children performed lower than general education children on all five major scale indexes. A similar amount of scatter was present in the profiles of learning disabled and general education children. No specific pattern of scale indexes could be determined as typical for learning disabled children. (Author)

Goh, David S.; Simons, Marc R.

1980-01-01

500

"I Feel Pain"--Audit of Communication Skills and Understanding of Pain and Health Needs with People with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An audit was conducted across Surrey to investigate pain recognition and management with people with learning disabilities. This section of the audit looked at what people with learning disabilities understood and experienced when they had pain compared to good practice from the literature. The results show that people with learning disabilities

Beacroft, Monica; Dodd, Karen

2011-01-01