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1

Learning Disabilities Disability Services  

E-print Network

Learning Disabilities Disability Services If you have a learning disability or attention deficit disorder--or suspect that you do--we strongly recommend that you contact Office of Disability Services (ODS To be considered for academic accommodations due to a learning disability, you must apply for through the Office

Goldberg, Bennett

2

Learning Disabilities: Its Implications to a Responsible Society.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to emphasize areas of interaction, the papers on learning disabilities include discussions of the importance and procedures of early diagnoses of developmental disorders, by Joseph DiLeo; traditional concepts and problems of minimal brain dysfunction (MBD), by Ernest Siegel; interactions of the MBD child, family, and teacher, by Bernard…

Kronick, Doreen, Ed.

3

Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Children, adolescents, and young adults diagnosed with a learning disability have a constellation of symptoms that result\\u000a in significant functional impairments. Youth who experience learning disabilities may also have additional behavioral symptoms\\u000a that complicate diagnosis. Early recognition and intervention may have significant impact on long-term positive outcomes.\\u000a Interventions include behavioral academic, psycho-educational, as well as individual and family therapy. This

Helen D. Pratt; Donald E. Greydanus

4

"Unexpectedness" as a Characteristic of Learning Disability: Implications of Recent Proposed Changes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores some of the implications of moving from a traditional discrepancy model of learning disability (LD) to the low achievement model of LD proposed by Siegel and Ladyman in the British Columbia Review of Special Education (2000). We apply two variations of each of the two models of LD definition?the existing discrepancy model and…

Klassen, Robert M.; Lemon, Kelly; Jahnsen, Diana; Moro, Thomas

2004-01-01

5

Learning Disabilities and ADHD  

MedlinePLUS

... disabilities Learning disabilities and ADHD Learning disabilities and ADHD Learning disabilities affect how you understand, remember, and ... learning skills, including memory tips from LD Online. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) top ADHD is a medical condition that ...

6

Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet uses hypothetical case examples to illustrate the definition, causal theories, and specific types of learning disabilities (LD). The cognitive and language performance of students with LD is compared to standard developmental milestones, and common approaches to the identification and education of children with LD are outlined.…

Neuwirth, Sharyn

7

Common Core Science Standards: Implications for Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Common Core Science Standards represent a new effort to increase science learning for all students. These standards include a focus on English and language arts aspects of science learning, and three dimensions of science standards, including practices of science, crosscutting concepts of science, and disciplinary core ideas in the various…

Scruggs, Thomas E.; Brigham, Frederick J.; Mastropieri, Margo A.

2013-01-01

8

Learning disabled students' difficulties in learning to use a word processor: implications for design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning disabled students can derive great benefits from using work processors. The ability to produce a neat, printed copy can increase motivation and encourage writing for a wider audience. The editing power makes revision possible without tedious re-copying, thus freeing students and teachers to approach writing as a process involving repeated drafts. Specific problems with handwriting and spelling can also

Charles A. Macarthur; Ben Shneiderman

1986-01-01

9

Learning Disability and Suicide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper cites studies on the interaction of depression and learning disability, examines the question of whether depression is a result or a cause of learning disability, emphasizes the importance of proper diagnosis of depression versus learning disability, and reviews the incidence of suicide-related events among the learning-disabled.…

Hayes, Marnell L.; Sloat, Robert S.

1988-01-01

10

Gifted learning disabled students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Up to 30 per cent of gifted students display a learning disability, with 10 per cent reading at two or more years below their grade level. They are referred to as being ?gifted learning disabled’ or as having the dual exceptionalities of giftedness and learning disabilities. For these students, their learning disability is more likely to be recognised and targeted

John Munro

2002-01-01

11

The Politics and Science of Learning Disability Classification: Implications for Black Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Black children are currently underrepresented in the less stigmatized and more prestigious special education classes for learning disabled students. Learning disabilities classification procedures discriminate against Black children. Ohio's placement formula is critiqued, and parents are urged to become politically active on their children's…

Collins, Roger; Camblin, Lanthan D., Jr.

1983-01-01

12

AN ANALYSIS OF WORD?PROCESSING PROGRAMS: APPLICATIONS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR LEARNING DISABLED STUDENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Available word?processing programs are reviewed. Current literature about using word?processing programs with learning disabled students is briefly discussed. Studies presented generally support the use of computer programs when combined with instruction in the writing process; however, more research is needed.

Ralph Pritchard

1992-01-01

13

Science and Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reactions to H. Lee Swanson's paper "Toward a Metatheory of Learning Disabilities" are outlined, and his arguments are applied to reading disabilities, focusing on the importance of the scientific attitude, the misuse of ecological validity, interpretation of Thomas Kuhn's work, modularity and reading disability, and scientific progress toward a…

Stanovich, Keith E.

1988-01-01

14

Learning Disabilities: Lifelong Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains papers on learning disabilities based on presentations made at the "Summit on Learning Disabilities: A National Responsibility," held in September 1994. The first section provides an overview and includes "The State of Research" (G. Reid Lyon). The second section focuses on education and includes: "Preventing Early Reading…

Cramer, Shirley C., Ed.; Ellis, William, Ed.

15

Are Learning Disabled Students \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research has indicated that students in many cases can answer reading comprehension test questions correctly without having read the accompanying passage. The present research compared, in two experiments, the ability of learning disabled (LD) students and more typical age peers to answer such reading comprehension questions presented independently of reading passages. In Study 1, learning disabled students scored appreciably

Thomas E. Scruggs; Steve Lifson

1986-01-01

16

Individual Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following workshop presentations consider learning disabilities: "Educational Goals of the Perceptually Handicapped" by Marianne Frostig, "Remediation of Reading Problems" by Gilbert Schiffman, "Early Identification of Learning Disabilities" by Katrina de Hirsch, and "What Are Some Speech and Hearing Considerations? by John Irwin. (JD)

Frostig, Marianne; And Others

17

Employees with Learning Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... changes it to text on the computer screen Mathematics: An employee with a learning disability could have ... and efficiently. Use scratch paper to work out math problems Permit use of fractional, decimal, statistical, or ...

18

A Comparison of WAIS-R and WAIS-III in the Lower IQ Range: Implications for Learning Disability Diagnosis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Whether the Flynn effect (the increase in the populations' IQ over time) affects the IQ scores of people with learning disability or borderline learning disability remains unclear. The issue is important as the Flynn effect should alter the number of people eligible for health service resources. A comparison of the Wechsler Adult…

Fitzgerald, Suzanne; Gray, Nicola S.; Snowden, Robert J.

2007-01-01

19

An Exploratory Study of the Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and IQ: Implications for Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study was an exploratory study to investigate the relationship between emotional intelligence and IQ scores in a research sample of students with learning disabilities. Emotional intelligence (EI) may provide information about non-intellective factors in the achievement and adjustment of students with learning disabilities. The…

Saenz, Tracy Johnson

2009-01-01

20

The Gifted Learning Disabled Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of articles on gifted learning disabled students begins with an explanation of the philosophy of the Center for Talented Youth at Johns Hopkins University (Maryland), a list of characteristics of gifted disabled students, and three definitions of learning disabilities. The following papers are then provided: "Gifted but Learning

1994

21

Specific Learning Disabilities: A Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The handbook provides information to aid both regular and special education teachers in managing the curriculum for learning disabled students. Section I provides an introduction to the area of specific learning disabilities with chapters on the diagnostic process and on the distinction between slow learners and specific learning disabilities.…

George Washington Univ., Washington, DC. Special Education Instructional Materials Center.

22

Math Learning Disabilities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this article Dr. Kate Garnett defines five areas of math learning disabilities and provides suggestions on how adequate differentiated instruction and modifications can help students overcome these obstacles. The five areas are: Mastering Basic Number Facts, Arithmetic Weakness/Math Talent, The Written Symbol and Concrete Materials, The Language of Math, and Visual-Spatial Aspects of Math.

Garnett, Kate

1998-01-01

23

Familial Patterns of Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pedigree analysis of 12 young adults (9 of whom had learning disabilities) indicated that learning disability (LD) was strongly familial but that the type of disability (reading or math) was not directly inherited. Autoimmune disorders were significantly correlated with LD. In seven of the LD families, adults failed to overcome earlier reading and…

Smith, Sandra

1992-01-01

24

Learning about Learning Disabled College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information in this paper is presented to help college instructors identify and assist learning disabled (LD) students. The paper first explains what learning disabilities are, emphasizing that while LD students exhibit a discrepancy between apparent learning ability and actual academic achievement, they are not mentally retarded or emotionally…

Spalding, Norma V.

25

Implications of Cooperative Learning and Educational Reform for Students with Mild Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cooperative learning is an instructional model that draws extensively on contributions of multiple theorists, including Piaget, Vygotsky, Carroll and other researchers. Many different cooperative learning arrangements have been developed and researched. The most extensively researched and evaluated cooperative learning arrangements is by Robert…

Fore, Cecil, III; Riser, Susan; Boon, Richard

2006-01-01

26

Lessons Learned in Scaling up Effective Practices: Implications for Promoting Self-Determination within Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The public's increasing demands for greater accountability and a better return on investment from research supported by federal funding requires that organizations studying and solving problems in areas like health, education, disability, and child mental health document the impact of their work. Human service and educational professionals agree…

Bacon, Ansley; Walker, Hill M.; Schwartz, Allen A.; O'Hara, David M.; Calkins, Carl; Wehmeyer, Michael L.

2011-01-01

27

Understanding Learning Disabilities and Substance Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to assist people with learning disabilities to recognize their disabilities and the connection between learning disabilities and substance abuse. It begins by defining learning disabilities and providing a self-test checklist for common signs and symptoms of learning disabilities. Difficulties with organization, memory,…

Star, Nonnie; Shadoff, Sander

28

Nursing Students with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the following topics: identification and classification of learning disabilities (LD), effects of LD on nursing students, teaching and learning, LD legislation, and academic interventions for nursing students with LD. (SK)

Selekman, Janice

2002-01-01

29

Learning Disabilities: An Interdisciplinary Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are six papers originally delivered at a colloquium series on the problems of the learning disabled child, with emphasis on a multidisciplinary perspective. In "One Psychologist's Perspective on Learning Disabilities," J. Kessler provides an overview of the field with sections on definition and identification, etiology, testing as a…

Zollinger, Ruth H., Ed.; Klein, Nancy K., Ed.

30

Implications of the Lessons Learned from a State Systems Change Initiative on Transition for Youth with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies lessons learned from the State Systems Change Initiative on Transition for Youth with Disabilities, such as: (1) the need for such initiatives to recognize political, economic, and social factors; (2) the need for systems change to be a dynamic and continuous improvement process; and (3) the value of using federal legislative mandates…

Johnson, David R.; Guy, Barbara

1997-01-01

31

The Learning Disabled Preschool Child.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two case studies involving preschool children with developmental learning disabilities (one with nystagmus and one with a hearing impairment) point to the need for appropriate ability as well as disability identification and assessment procedures (both had been diagnosed as mentally retarded) the potential of early diagnosis and intervention for…

Kirk, Samuel A.

1987-01-01

32

Language-Based Learning Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... are available for people with a language-based learning disability? The goals of speech and language treatment for the child with a reading problem target the specific aspects of reading and writing that the student is ...

33

Learning Disabilities, Schooling, and Society.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that federal definition of learning disabilities is wrong and represents politically expedient decisions rather than fundamental knowledge about psychology and education. Discusses why federal definition is erroneous. Offers seven recommendations to change the current system of identification and instruction of students with learning

Sternberg, Robert J.; Grigorenko, Elena L.

2001-01-01

34

Learning Disabilities; Educational Principles and Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for teachers, educators, and specialists who are interested in the problems of learning disabilities, the text presents principles and practices necessary in the clinical teaching approach to children with learning disabilities. Areas considered include learning disabilities in general, the brain and learning, and special education and…

Johnson, Doris J.; Myklebust, Helmer R.

35

Assessment of Reading and Learning Disabilities: A Research-Based Intervention-Oriented Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews implications of the three primary components of the federal definition of learning disabilities (discrepancy, heterogeneity, and exclusion) for the assessment of children with learning disabilities (LD). Also proposes a rationale and procedures for more efficient approaches to the identification of children as learning disabled that are…

Fletcher, Jack M.; Foorman, Barbara R.; Boudousquie, Amy

2002-01-01

36

The Gifted\\/Learning Disabled Student  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the identification of learning disabled and gifted students becomes more sophisticated, there appears to be a growing number of students who fit both categories. This article discusses the identification of learning disabled and gifted students as well as the characteristics of a group which has gotten little attention, the gifted\\/LD. The ways in which gifted\\/learning disabled students are presently

Cheryl Walker Gunderson; Cheryn Maesch; Janice Willis Rees

1987-01-01

37

Caring for inpatients with learning disabilities.  

PubMed

People with learning disabilities are more than twice as likely as the rest of the population to experience ill health, yet their health needs are often poorly met. This article describes the implementation and evaluation of an education project, led by community learning disability nurses, to improve the care of patients with learning disabilities in hospital. PMID:21910308

Buchanan, Dee

38

Responsiveness to Intervention and Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities (NJCLD) is a national committee representing 11 organizations concerned about individuals with learning disabilities. The NJCLD considers and discusses contemporary issues in learning disabilities and develops and disseminates reports and statements related to these issues to influence policy…

Learning Disability Quarterly, 2005

2005-01-01

39

Advocacy and the Learning Disability Nurse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Advocacy is often seen as an ideal role for nurses to undertake, especially when working with people who have a learning disability. However, advocacy is not without its risks and dilemmas for learning disability nurses. The present paper attempts to examine why people with learning disabilities may be viewed as vulnerable and why advocacy may be…

Jenkins, Robert; Northway, Ruth

2002-01-01

40

Comprehension of humor in children with nonverbal learning disabilities, reading disabilities, and without learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The normal development of humor in children has been well documented with a predictable course that is tied to social, cognitive,\\u000a and linguistic development in children. This study explored humor comprehension in children with nonverbal learning disabilities\\u000a (NVLD). Children with NVLD were compared with children with reading disabilities and a comparison group of children with no\\u000a learning disabilities to assess

Margaret Semrud-Clikeman; Kimberly Glass

2008-01-01

41

Nursing Faculty Experiences Teaching Students With Learning Disabilities .  

E-print Network

??Learning disabilities are the most prevalent disability reported in higher education, including nursing education. Yet, despite cognitive abilities for educational success, students with learning disabilities… (more)

Ardary, Darlene A.

2014-01-01

42

Learning Disability: Experience of Diagnosis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies have focused on the experience of diagnosis from the perspectives of parents of children with learning disabilities, but there has been limited methodologically rigorous investigation into the experience for the person themselves. Eight participants were recruited from a range of different backgrounds. Interviews were analysed using…

Kenyon, Elinor; Beail, Nigel; Jackson, Tom

2014-01-01

43

Controversial Issues in Learning Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author discusses controversial issues in the field of learning disabilities (LD). Among topics addressed are conflicting definitions of LD and the impact of the operational definition accepted by the US Government; etiological questions concerning the separation of neurological, environmental, and emotional factors; approaches used in training…

Sapir, Selma C.

44

The adolescent with a learning disability: a developmental perspective.  

PubMed

The psychosocial difficulties that usually accompany learning disabilities are examined from a framework of developmental theory, particularly that of Erik Erikson. The implications of this perspective for treatment of adolescents with learning problems is discussed, and a specific program described. PMID:525512

Cook, L D

1979-01-01

45

The Psychoeducational Approach to Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children who have learning disabilities which prevent achievement in skill subjects or behavioral difficulties which interfere with learning can be helped to learn to substitute more adaptive patterns for madadaptive ones. Because learning disabilities are only part of a disordered developmental process in a child, both clinical and competence…

Blom, Gaston E.

46

Temperament and Learning Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The link between learning problems and social-emotional difficulties is well documented and both are associated with temperamental risk factors. Whereas temperament refers to individual differences in biologically based dispositions for responding to and engaging with one's surroundings, developmental outcomes are the products of experiences as…

Teglasi, Hedwig; Cohn, Andrea; Meshbesher, Nicole

2004-01-01

47

Metacognition and Computers with Learning Disabled Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The advantages of teaching computer literacy to learning disabled adolescents are discussed in the context of a private school program. It is emphasized that the use of computers is helpful in teaching metacognitive skills, requiring learning disabled students to be logical and sequential, analyze, self-question, and monitor their own learning.…

White, June Miller; Denny, Valerie Sanford

48

POSTSECONDARY LEARNING DISABLED STUDENTS: DO THEIR STUDY HABITS DIFFER FROM THOSE OF THEIR NON?LEARNING DISABLED PEERS?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine if differences exist between postsecondary students with learning disabilities and their non?learning disabled counterparts. Data were collected through two survey forms: one gathered specific data about the learning disabled group; the second provided data about study habits of the learning disabled group and two other groups of non?learning disabled students at San

Suzann M. Norton

1992-01-01

49

Mislabeled Reading and Learning Disabilities: Assessment and Treatment for Reading Difficulties in Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reading affects a plethora of areas in life. Students with learning disabilities often fall into this category due to a lack of practice with reading and less time to focus on building skills. This paper examines the background, the relationship between reading and learning disabilities, the characteristics of students with learning disabilities

Sze, Susan

2009-01-01

50

General Information about Learning Disabilities (Fact Sheet Number 7) = Informacion General sobre Impedimentos en el Aprendizaje (Fact Sheet Number 19).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fact sheet providing general information about learning disabilities is presented in both English and Spanish versions. It begins with the federal definition of learning disabilities and a discussion of its implications followed by estimates of incidence. Typical characteristics of students with learning disabilities are then summarized as…

Interstate Research Associates, Inc., Washington, DC.

51

BUILD Program Bridge to University for Individuals with Learning Disabilities  

E-print Network

the unique challenges faced by students with learning disabilities in their transition to university Student Disability Services, including techniques and technology to maximize learning · Acquire to University for Students with Learning Disabilities (BUILD) Program was created for incoming University

52

Overcoming the obstacles: life stories of scientists with learning disabilities  

E-print Network

of most individuals with learning disabilities. The purpose of this research was to better understand the methods by which successful learning disabled scientists have overcome the barriers and challenges associated with their learning disabilities...

Force, Crista Marie

2009-05-15

53

34 CFR 300.307 - Specific learning disabilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Specific learning disabilities. 300.307 Section 300...Procedures for Identifying Children with Specific Learning Disabilities § 300.307 Specific learning disabilities. (a) General. A...

2013-07-01

54

34 CFR 300.307 - Specific learning disabilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Specific learning disabilities. 300.307 Section 300...Procedures for Identifying Children with Specific Learning Disabilities § 300.307 Specific learning disabilities. (a) General. A...

2012-07-01

55

34 CFR 300.307 - Specific learning disabilities.  

...2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Specific learning disabilities. 300.307 Section 300...Procedures for Identifying Children with Specific Learning Disabilities § 300.307 Specific learning disabilities. (a) General. A...

2014-07-01

56

34 CFR 300.307 - Specific learning disabilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2010-07-01 true Specific learning disabilities. 300.307 Section 300...Procedures for Identifying Children with Specific Learning Disabilities § 300.307 Specific learning disabilities. (a) General. A...

2011-07-01

57

Would rethinking learning disabilities benefit Kuwait?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning disabilities education in Kuwait grew from Kuwaiti’s wholesale importation of the Western, medical model of disability – a model basically incompatible with Kuwaiti culture. Conflicting factors include its problematic normal\\/abnormal binary, its assumption that the ‘deficit’ is located in the student and the segregation of students by label. As proponents of disability studies we investigate whether, and if so

Maysaa Bazna; D. Kim Reid

2009-01-01

58

Relationship of Postural Reflexes to Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The fact that the children with learning disorders had significantly more abnormal reflexes than did the normal children lends empirical support to the theory of minimal neurological impairment as a factor in the etiology of learning disabilities. (Author)

Rider, Barbara A.

1972-01-01

59

Section 504: Help for the Learning Disabled College Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act Amendments of 1973 and its implications for learning disabled adults desiring a postsecondary education are examined, and suggestions for services that might best meet the needs of this group are offered. Section 504 is a basic civil rights provision aimed at ending discrimination against handicapped citizens.…

Sedita, Joan

60

Learning Disabilities In-Service Training Kit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Included in the training kit for teachers in the area of learning disabilities are materials developed by Project Lighthouse for experimental field usage to test the materials. The problem of educating children with learning disabilities is summarized, as is Piaget's model of logical activity. The major divisions of the text then deal with the…

Simpson, Bickley

61

Learning Disabilities: Best Practices for Professionals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is written to assist the reader in understanding current thinking in the field of learning disabilities (LD), as well as current practices in that field. Part I describes the characteristics typically associated with LD, and includes the following chapters: "Neurological Basis of Learning Disabilities" (Richard M. Marshall and George W.…

Bender, William N., Ed.

62

TALKING TO YOUR CHILD ABOUT LEARNING DISABILITIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

s a parent, you are the best person to explain learn- ing disabilities to your child. Children with learn- ing disabilities are often the last to know what goes on around them; but when it comes to what goes on inside of them, they need to be the first to know. It's only com- mon courtesy: rather than talking to

Jeanne Gehret

63

Hair Element Content in Learning Disabled Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hair samples from 31 learning disabled and 22 normal children were analyzed. Significant group differences were determined and a discriminant function was computed which separated the groups with 98 percent accuracy. Elevated lead and cadmium content in the learning disabled group is viewed as being of particular importance. (Author/SL)

Pihl, R. O.; Parkes, M.

1977-01-01

64

Communicative Competence of Children with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examined the communicative competence of 30 learning disabled and 30 non-learning disabled children (ages 9 to 13) in both referential and semistructured dyadic communication tasks. The use of both instructional strategies influenced the quality of subjects' verbal communicative interactions. (Author/DB)

Mathinos, Debra A.

1988-01-01

65

Successful University Students with Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

A pronounced difference between seeming ability and actual accomplishment suggests a learning disability (LD), which can have extensive academic and nonacademic negative effects, but the concept of LDs is rife with controversy. This study investigated eight university students' perceptions of how their learning disabilities have affected them. They emphasized the desirability of early diagnosis and of having general education teachers

Julia A. Nielsen

2001-01-01

66

Attracting and Retaining Learning Disability Student Nurses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recruitment onto pre-registration learning disability nursing courses has decreased considerably over the last decade. This paper reports the findings of the first stage of a longitudinal study that investigated the factors that influence students to train as learning disability nurses, and those that influence their decision to continue or leave…

Owen, Sara; Standen, Penny

2007-01-01

67

Learning Disabilities: A Neurobiological Perspective in Humans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The mechanisms of both language-based and non-language-based learning disabilities are presented within the framework of central nervous system development and the compromises to that development that arise from genetic, hormonal, antibody, medication, and postnatal compromises. Also reviewed is the need for a taxonomy of learning disabilities.…

Bonnet, Kenneth A.

1989-01-01

68

Empowering Library Patrons with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the characteristics of patrons with learning disabilities (LD) and how these characteristics might affect library use. The lack of services for college patrons who have learning disabilities (LD) in this decade is much like the lack of adequate and appropriate services for high school patrons with LD in previous decades. The…

Green, Ravonne A.

2009-01-01

69

A Meta-Analytic Review of Graphic Organizers and Science Instruction for Adolescents with Learning Disabilities: Implications for the Intermediate and Secondary Science Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a meta-analysis of experimental and quasi-experimental studies in which intermediate and secondary students with learning disabilities were taught science content through the use of graphic organizers (GOs). Following an exhaustive search for studies meeting specified selection criteria, 23 standardized mean effect sizes were…

Dexter, Douglas D.; Park, Youn J.; Hughes, Charles A.

2011-01-01

70

Some Theoretical and Practical Issues in Counseling the Learning Disabled Student  

Microsoft Academic Search

Self-esteem problems of learning disabled students are defined in terms of narcissistic insults to a sense of competency and sense of lovability. From some LD students, attempts to defend against these insults lead to symptomatic expression which in turn is often confused with the dysfunction attributable to the learning disability. Implications for counseling and psychotherapy are discussed in an attempt

Thomas P. Byrne; Alice LoCicero Crawford

1991-01-01

71

The way forward for learning disability nursing.  

PubMed

This article looks at a possible future or direction for learning disability nursing. Taking into account the physical, emotional, spiritual, social, medical, dental and mental health needs of people with learning disabilities, and reports from Mencap, this article outlines the need for flexibility and innovation from within the nursing profession. One forward-thinking residential home is identified who employ their own learning disability nurse to to support the residents in achieving good health and encourage communication skills between staff and residents and to promote individual rights, choice, privacy and dignity. PMID:18481399

Camus, Heather

72

A Two Hundred Year History of Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper was to track the history of learning disabilities and collect intervention theories which might be helpful for adult college students suffering from any number of learning disabilities (LD). There is a vast difference between a learning difficulty and a learning disability; an individual with learning difficulty can learn

Carlson, Shirley

2005-01-01

73

Assessing dementia in people with learning disabilities: the relationship between two screening measures.  

PubMed

As life expectancy increases for people with learning disabilities, the impact of dementia on people with learning disabilities and their families, carers and services is becoming more apparent. Psychological services for learning disabilities are receiving an increasing number of referrals requesting dementia assessment. Health and social care services are adapting to the diverse needs of an ageing population with learning disabilities. This article describes a study investigating the relationship between two assessments for dementia in people with learning disabilities. Carers of people with learning disabilities over the age of 50 (or 40 if the individual had Down syndrome) completed the Dementia Questionnaire for Mentally Retarded People and the Adaptive Behaviour Scale--Residential and Community. Overall, the two questionnaire measures showed significant relationships. However, results suggested that both assessments have clinical value in informing individual needs and aiding diagnosis. Implications for both clinical and social care services are discussed. PMID:17105742

Kirk, Linzi J; Hick, Rachel; Laraway, Alec

2006-12-01

74

Teaching Algebra to Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Algebra is a gateway to expanded opportunities, but it often poses difficulty for students with learning disabilities. Consequently, it is essential to identify evidence-based instructional strategies for these students. The authors begin by identifying three areas of algebra difficulty experienced by students with disabilities: cognitive…

Impecoven-Lind, Linda S.; Foegen, Anne

2010-01-01

75

Would Rethinking Learning Disabilities Benefit Kuwait?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning disabilities education in Kuwait grew from Kuwaiti's wholesale importation of the Western, medical model of disability--a model basically incompatible with Kuwaiti culture. Conflicting factors include its problematic normal/abnormal binary, its assumption that the "deficit" is located in the student and the segregation of students by…

Bazna, Maysaa; Reid, D. Kim

2009-01-01

76

Clinical Syndromes among the Learning Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four physiological conditions associated with later learning disabilities are noted: Turner Syndrome (a chromosomal abnormality), preterm children with intracranial hemorrhage, children with incompletely developed connecting fibers between the cerebral hemispheres, and children with acquired brain injury. (CL)

Lewandowski, Lawrence J.

1985-01-01

77

Microcomputer Instruction for the Learning Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The advantages of using microcomputers, particularly with learning-disabled (LD) students, are pointed out; and an example of a successful program utilizing computers at the Johns Hopkins University is described. (SW)

Schiffman, Gilbert; And Others

1982-01-01

78

The Relationship between Dysfunctional Career Thoughts and Adjustment to Disability in College Students with Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the relationship between dysfunctional career thoughts and adjustment to disability among college students with learning disabilities. Data were obtained from 153 college students with learning disabilities at a large southern university and 595 general college students from the normative sample of the Career Thoughts Inventory (CTI). Results indicated that college students with learning disabilities had fewer dysfunctional

Abiola Dipeolu; Robert Reardon; James Sampson; Jane Burkhead

2002-01-01

79

Differential performance of learning disabled and non-learning disabled children on the McCarthy scales, WISC-R, and WRAT.  

PubMed

Individually administered the McCarthy Scales of Children's Abilities, WISC-R, and WRAT to 30 learning disabled and 30 non-learning disabled second-grade students. The McCarthy General Cognitive Index and the WISC-R Full Scale IQ scores were compared for both groups. In addition, correlations between the General Cognitive Index, WISC-R IQ, and mean WRAT achievement were reported. There was marginal support for previous studies that suggested that the McCarthy Scales are more consistent with the academic functioning of learning disable students. Implications and directions for future research were discussed. PMID:7440746

Ivimey, J K; Taylor, R L

1980-10-01

80

Overcoming the obstacles: Life stories of scientists with learning disabilities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scientific discovery is at the heart of solving many of the problems facing contemporary society. Scientists are retiring at rates that exceed the numbers of new scientists. Unfortunately, scientific careers still appear to be outside the reach of most individuals with learning disabilities. The purpose of this research was to better understand the methods by which successful learning disabled scientists have overcome the barriers and challenges associated with their learning disabilities in their preparation and performance as scientists. This narrative inquiry involved the researcher writing the life stories of four scientists. These life stories were generated from extensive interviews in which each of the scientists recounted their life histories. The researcher used narrative analysis to "make sense" of these learning disabled scientists' life stories. The narrative analysis required the researcher to identify and describe emergent themes characterizing each scientist's life. A cross-case analysis was then performed to uncover commonalities and differences in the lives of these four individuals. Results of the cross-case analysis revealed that all four scientists had a passion for science that emerged at an early age, which, with strong drive and determination, drove these individuals to succeed in spite of the many obstacles arising from their learning disabilities. The analysis also revealed that these scientists chose careers based on their strengths; they actively sought mentors to guide them in their preparation as scientists; and they developed coping techniques to overcome difficulties and succeed. The cross-case analysis also revealed differences in the degree to which each scientist accepted his or her learning disability. While some demonstrated inferior feelings about their successes as scientists, still other individuals revealed feelings of having superior abilities in areas such as visualization and working with people. These individuals revealed beliefs that they developed these special abilities as a result of their learning differences, which made them better than their non-learning disabled peers in certain areas. Finally, the researcher discusses implications of these findings in the light of special accommodations that can be made by teachers, school counselors, and parents to encourage learning disabled children who demonstrate interest in becoming scientists.

Force, Crista Marie

81

Sex Differences in Learning Abilities and Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review of the male preponderance in the prevalence of learning disabilities examines such factors as gender-related etiology differences and learning style differences; complications of pregnancy and infancy; effects of male hormones on the nervous system; and sex differences in maturity rates. (JDD)

Nass, Ruth D.

1993-01-01

82

Paul Menton Centre for Students with Disabilities, Carleton University What is a learning disability assessment?  

E-print Network

Paul Menton Centre for Students with Disabilities, Carleton University What is a learning as students learn appropriate study skills to cope with the impact of their learning disability, and academic appropriate accommodations based on individual documentation. For students with learning disabilities

Carleton University

83

Investigating alternative conceptions in learning disabled students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Science teachers have long noticed the fact that their students come to school with their own concepts, produced from daily experiences and interactions with the world around them. Sometimes these ideas are in agreement with accepted scientific theories, but often they are not. These "incorrect" ideas, or "misconceptions" have been the focus of many studies, which can be helpful to teachers when planning their lessons. However, there is a dearth of information that is geared specifically to students with learning disabilities. These students generally have deficits in areas of perception and learning that could conceivably influence the way they formulate concepts. The purpose of this study was to examine the concepts held by students with learning disabilities on the causes of the day/night cycle, the phases of the moon, and the seasons. An interview format was judged to be the best method of ensuring that the students' ideas were clearly documented. The subjects were five, sixth-grade students in a city school, who had been determined to have a learning disability. In examining the results, there did not seem to be any direct link between the type of misconception formed and the learning deficit of the child. It seemed more likely that students formed their concepts the way students usually do, but the various disabilities they exhibited interfered with their learning of more appropriate conceptions. The results of this study will be helpful to science teachers, curriculum planners, or anyone who works with students who have learning disabilities. It is hoped that this will begin to fill a void in the area of learning disabilities research.

Cole, Terry Stokes

84

Children with Learning Disabilities. Facts for Families. Number 16  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parents are often worried when their child has learning problems in school. There are many reasons for school failure, but a common one is a specific learning disability. Children with learning disabilities can have intelligence in the normal range but the specific learning disability may make teachers and parents concerned about their general…

American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry (NJ1), 2011

2011-01-01

85

"Learning to Work" in Small Businesses: Learning and Training for Young Adults with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The paper alerts small business employers to new dictates of the Disability Discrimination Act (2005) as it applies to learning disabilities. Then the "Learning to Work" project featured in the paper offers small business employers a set of approaches and methods for the identification of a learning-disabled young adult candidate's…

Ruggeri-Stevens, Geoff; Goodwin, Susan

2007-01-01

86

Memory processes in learning disability subtypes of children born preterm  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to evaluate immediate auditory and visual memory processes in learning disability subtypes of 40 children born preterm. Three subgroups of children were examined: (a) primary language disability group (n?=?13), (b) perceptual-motor disability group (n?=?14), and (c) no learning disability diagnosis group without identified language or perceptual-motor learning disability (n?=?13). Between-group comparisons indicate no significant

Thomasin E. McCoy; Amy L. Conrad; Lynn C. Richman; Peg C. Nopoulos; Edward F. Bell

2012-01-01

87

Women with learning disabilities: risk behaviours and experiences of the cervical smear test.  

PubMed

This paper reports the findings of a study on the views and experiences of women with learning disabilities regarding the cervical smear test. The experience and opinions of the carers were also taken into account. The study was carried out between 1997 and 1999 in Cambridgeshire. The factors that influenced whether women with a learning disability had a smear test included: sexual activity; number of sexual partners; pregnancy; and a past history of smoking. Women with a learning disability who had a cervical smear test most often experienced pain and difficulty with the procedure. Factors that enable women with a learning disability to undergo a cervical smear test, according to their experiences, will be discussed in this paper. These include: the importance of prolonged preparation; issues surrounding communication; the giving of information; and support from the carers. The implications of these findings for collaborative working between learning disability nurses and primary healthcare professionals in clinical practice are highlighted. PMID:11095229

Broughton, S; Thomson, K

2000-10-01

88

Assessment and Documentation Considerations for Postsecondary Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to gain access to accommodations and services at colleges and universities, students with learning disabilities must provide documentation of their disabilities, and as students with learning disabilities access higher education at increasing rates, the need for documentation of their disabilities and its impact becomes even more…

Lindstrom, Jennifer H.; Lindstrom, Will

2011-01-01

89

A Critique of "Controversial Medical Treatments of Learning Disabilities"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author replies to the article titled "Controversial Medical Treatments of Learning Disabilities" (R. Sieben), and discusses research on the relationship between food additives and hyperactivity, and dietary treatments for learning disabled children. (IM)

Feingold, Benjamin F.

1977-01-01

90

School Counselors and Psychological Aspects of Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of some of the more common psychological theories and behavioral variables associated with learning disabilities. Reviews Adlerian Rational Emotive and behavioral and hypnotherapy approaches as intervention strategies for the counselor confronted with learning disabled students. (LLL)

Fahey, David A.

1984-01-01

91

Auditory and Visual Vigilance in Normal and Learning Disabled Readers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Continuous Performance Test was administered to 16 normal and 16 learning disabled males (CA 12.5) to test the proposition that learning disabled children manifest an attention deficit related to reading performance. (Author)

Swanson, H. Lee

1980-01-01

92

Kindergarten Predictors of Math Learning Disability  

PubMed Central

The aim of the present study was to address how to effectively predict mathematics learning disability (MLD). Specifically, we addressed whether cognitive data obtained during kindergarten can effectively predict which children will have MLD in third grade, whether an abbreviated test battery could be as effective as a standard psychoeducational assessment at predicting MLD, and whether the abbreviated battery corresponded to the literature on MLD characteristics. Participants were 226 children who enrolled in a 4-year prospective longitudinal study during kindergarten. We administered measures of mathematics achievement, formal and informal mathematics ability, visual-spatial reasoning, and rapid automatized naming and examined which test scores and test items from kindergarten best predicted MLD at grades 2 and 3. Statistical models using standardized scores from the entire test battery correctly classified ~80–83 percent of the participants as having, or not having, MLD. Regression models using scores from only individual test items were less predictive than models containing the standard scores, except for models using a specific subset of test items that dealt with reading numerals, number constancy, magnitude judgments of one-digit numbers, or mental addition of one-digit numbers. These models were as accurate in predicting MLD as was the model including the entire set of standard scores from the battery of tests examined. Our findings indicate that it is possible to effectively predict which kindergartners are at risk for MLD, and thus the findings have implications for early screening of MLD. PMID:20084182

Mazzocco, Michele M. M.; Thompson, Richard E.

2009-01-01

93

An Enrichment Program for Gifted Learning Disabled Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Professionals interested in gifted\\/learning disabled students have found that these students have educational needs different from those of their learning disabled peers with average ability. This article describes and evaluates a pilot enrichment program designed to meet their needs. Seven bright learning disabled youngsters in grades 4 and 5 met for 2½ hours a week over a nine-month period to

Susan Baum

1988-01-01

94

Relationships of People with Learning Disabilities in Ireland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the perspectives of people with learning disabilities on relationships and supports in the Republic of Ireland. A national research network consisting of 21 researchers with learning disabilities, 12 supporters, and 7 university researchers conducted the study. Researchers with learning disabilities and their supporters ran 16…

Bane, Geraldine; Deely, Marie; Donohoe, Brian; Dooher, Martin; Flaherty, Josephine; Iriarte, Edurne Garcia; Hopkins, Rob; Mahon, Ann; Minogue, Ger; Mc Donagh, Padraig; O'Doherty, Siobhain; Curry, Martin; Shannon, Stephen; Tierney, Edel; Wolfe, Marie

2012-01-01

95

Hair Mineral Content as a Predictor of Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the relationship between hair mineral elements and childhood learning disabilities and determined which minerals, if any, separated 26 learning disabled children with 24 normal controls. The learning disabled group had significantly raised hair-lead concentrations. There were also differences in the mean levels of 10 other…

Marlowe, Mike; And Others

1984-01-01

96

Intellectual, Academic and Neuropsychological Performance Levels in Learning Disabled Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Normative data are provided for intellectual, academic achievement, and neuropsychological tests based on a sample of 100 learning disabled adults. It was concluded that the cognitive profile found in learning disabled adults is not dissimilar from what is typically found in learning disabled children. (Author/CL)

McCue, P. Michael; And Others

1986-01-01

97

Women with Learning Disabilities Who Offend: What Do We Know?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Of the 4000 women and girls in custody in England and Wales, an unknown proportion will have a learning disability. Most research on the plight of offenders or accused persons with a learning disability has focussed on men because women form a small proportion of the prison population, and women with learning disabilities are an even smaller…

Hayes, Susan Carol

2007-01-01

98

Social Group Work for Young Offenders with Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the high incidence of learning disabilities among young offenders, research suggests that young offenders with learning disabilities do not receive interventions that address their learning disabilities. Group treatment approaches for young offenders typically utilize a cognitive-behavioral orientation. Cognitive behavioral techniques have been found to be effective with the young offender population by targeting their faulty thinking. However, cognitive behavioral

Faye Mishna; Barbara Muskat

2002-01-01

99

Sexual offenders with learning disabilities: risk, recidivism and treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the literature on the assessment, treatment and management of non-learning disabled sexual offenders is well established, it is only in recent years that researchers and clinicians have focused on sexual offenders with learning disabilities. In contrast to mainstream sex offender treatment programmes, there are few evaluated community-based treatment programmes for sexual offenders with learning disabilities, and of the small

Leam A. Craig; Roger B. Hutchinson

2005-01-01

100

Screening for Learning Disabilities in Adult Basic Education Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The extant literature offers little to describe the processes for screening students in adult basic education (ABE) programs for potential learning disabilities, referring adult students for diagnostic assessment, or barriers to obtaining diagnostic assessment for a learning disability. Without current documentation of a learning disability, ABE…

Reynolds, Sharon L.; Johnson, Jerry D.; Salzman, James A.

2012-01-01

101

Learning Disabilities: New Directions for Assessment and Intervention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of original papers synthesizes research on learning disabilities in school-age children, with the theme of connecting learning disabilities research with assessment and practice. The volume begins with a paper by Howard S. Adelman titled "Learning Disabilities: On Interpreting Research Translations." Part I of the collection then…

Jordan, Nancy C., Ed.; Goldsmith-Phillips, Josephine, Ed.

102

A Time to Define: Making the Specific Learning Disability Definition Prescribe Specific Learning Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Unlike other special education categories defined in U.S. law (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act), the definition of specific learning disability (SLD) has not changed since first proposed in 1968. Thus, although the operational definition of SLD has responded to new knowledge and understanding about the construct, the formal definition…

Kavale, Kenneth A.; Spaulding, Lucinda S.; Beam, Andrea P.

2009-01-01

103

Screening for specific learning disabilities among dental students.  

PubMed

At a time when recognition of the needs of handicapped students is of great concern, many handicapped persons have not yet been identified. Even with the advent of legislation mandating educational equity for all handicapped students, those with specific learning disabilities (SLD) still remain unidentified or unserved by institutions of higher education. In 1979, New York University College of Dentistry instituted a classwide screening and testing program for SLD students. The program sought to identify accepted students "at risk" for SLD through the administration of a two-hour battery of tests designed by learning disabilities specialists. Follow-up in-depth evaluations yielded a 90 percent accuracy rate on correct identification of SLD students based on the screening results. This article presents specific test results, analyses of data, and comparison of self-report measures and suggests educational implications, including suggestions for program accommodations. PMID:6956608

Parks, A W; Antonoff, S J; Drake, C; Olivier, C; Sedita, J; Weiss, I; Daddi, B

1982-10-01

104

Teaching Science to Students with Learning Disabilities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This helpful article lists and explains six core principles for teaching science to students with learning disabilities, as well as practical examples for each principle. One of the principles explains how different students learn in different ways, and have different strengths. An important thing that is explained is how organization is key for both LD kids and teachers. Teaching in a clear and fresh way is also very important.

2006-03-01

105

Understanding Young Children: Learning Development and Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet offers practical, easy-to-read suggestions for teachers, paraprofessionals, and parents to help them understand learning development and learning disabilities. The text outlines how the factors of heredity, maturation, and environment determine the degree of development an individual will achieve. The characteristics of children with…

Mayer, Colleen A.

106

Boom in Learning-Disabled Enrollments Ends  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After decades of what seemed to be an inexorable upward path, the number of students classified as learning-disabled declined from year to year over much of the past decade--a change in direction that is spurring debates among experts about the reasons why. The percentage of 3- to 21-year-old students nationwide classified as having a "specific…

Samuels, Christina A.

2010-01-01

107

Montessori and Learning Differences. Children with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses how children with oral and written language disorders can benefit from the Montessori method, especially if the Montessorian is trained to use a Multisensory Structured Language approach. Questions are answered regarding the number of children with learning disabilities, considerations in training the classroom assistant,…

Pickering, Joyce S.

2003-01-01

108

Specific Learning Disability, 1982-83 Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the spring of 1981, a San Juan Task force of special education staff members developed revised criteria for the identification of students with specific learning disabilities (SLD). This report covers the second year of discrepancy criteria implementation. It examines the identification of 225 students with SLD during the first semester of…

Enell, Nancy C.; Lee, Peter

109

Professional boundaries in learning disability care.  

PubMed

Healthcare staff providing care for people with a learning disability often deliver intimate personal care and have access to confidential information about vulnerable clients. Awareness of professional boundaries can help them to avoid either under- or over-involvement with patients and clients. Education and reflection can improve staff awareness of boundaries and help them reflect usefully on their relationships with clients. PMID:24960974

Bowler, Mandy; Nash, Peter

110

Educational Alternatives for Students with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers is designed to provide an overview of validated practices that have been proven effective for children with language learning disabilities, preschool age through adolescence. The first section addresses oral language interventions, in "Preschool Language Intervention in the Classroom: Rationale and Organizational…

Vogel, Susan A., Ed.

111

A Needs Assessment for Learning Disabled Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A needs assessment was conducted with clients of the Rehabilitation Center for Brain Dysfunction (Irvine, California) and other local populations of learning-disabled adults. This report discusses the background of the problem addressed by the needs assessment, presents the results of an in-depth analysis of the responses to the survey instrument,…

Clitheroe, H. C.; And Others

112

Science Education and Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students with learning disabilities (LD) are increasingly expected to master content in the general education curriculum, making the need for effective instructional supports more important than ever before. Science is a part of the curriculum that can be particularly challenging to students with LD because of the diverse demands it places on…

Brigham, Frederick J.; Scruggs, Thomas E.; Mastropieri, Margo A.

2011-01-01

113

Group Hypnotherapy With Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of group hypnotic and self-hypnotic training on the academic performance and self-esteem of learning disabled children was explored. Three hypnotic training sessions and instructions for six weeks of daily self-hypnotic practice containing suggestions for imagery related to improvement in these areas were given to 15 children, their…

Johnson, Lynn S.; And Others

114

Reporting Meta-analyses in Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article proposes a set of criteria for reporting meta-analyses of topics in learning disabilities. Application of the criteria to examples of published meta-analyses reveals the wide variation in amount of reported data, which could influence the summative results of meta-analyses and subsequent judgment of face validity. (Author/DB)

Mostert, Mark P.

1996-01-01

115

Transition Strategies for Persons with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of 10 papers focuses on the transition of students with learning disabilities from secondary education to employment, postsecondary education, independent living, and full social integration. The text concentrates on systemic transition problems that prevent successful communication, coordination, goal setting, and appropriate…

Michaels, Craig A., Ed.

116

Sentence Combining and the Learning Disabled Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Theory and research indicated that sentence-combining exercises (SCE's) might be effective for improving the writing of learning disabled (LD) pupils. Seven college seniors in special education were trained to implement SCE's naturalistically in tutoring 13 LD pupils in grades 1-6 over a 10 week period, with a control group of 8 seniors tutoring…

Nutter, Norma; Safran, Stephen P.

117

The Learning Disabled Adolescent and Mathematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning disabled (LD) adolescents often approach mathematics based on years of frustration and failure. Typical problems in mathematics for the LD student include reversals and transpositions, spatial disorganization on ruled or unruled paper, memorization difficulties, and confusion of concepts relating to reversibility and sequential…

Tomey, Harley A., III

118

Learning Disability and Depression in Young Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is well established that children and adolescents with learning disabilities are more likely to experience depressed mood than are their peers. Many scholars explain this relationship as resulting from low self-esteem, stress, or social isolation. However, little work has explored whether this relationship continues to exist into young…

MacInnes, Maryhelen; Broman, Clifford L.

2013-01-01

119

Nonverbal learning disabilities: A critical review  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a critical review of the term and concept of nonverbal learning disability (NLD). After a brief historical introduction, the article focuses on the apparent rarity of NLD; the hypothesis of the frequent co-occurrence of emotional disorder, depression, and suicide in NLD; the white matter hypothesis as an explanation of the origin of NLD; and the question of

Otfried Spreen

2011-01-01

120

Extended Mnemonic Instruction With Learning Disabled Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sixty-four learning disabled sixth-, seventh-, and eighth-grade students were assigned to 24 small instructional groups that were in turn assigned at random to mnemonic and control conditions. Instructional groups were then given three daily lessons on dinosaurs in counterbalanced order. The lessons involved (a) dinosaur vocabulary, (b) attributes of dinosaurs, and (c) reasons for dinosaur extinction. Mnemonic groups were taught

Debra Tolfa Veit; Thomas E. Scruggs; Margo A. Mastropieri

1986-01-01

121

Driver Education and the Learning Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project of the University of Maryland has developed a driver education curriculum for the learning disabled. Several states are making efforts to improve driver education, including rewriting materials and providing oral tests for drivers' licenses. Options for future safety programs include parent-student seminars, multidiscipline teaching, and…

Wirths, Claudine G.; Leonard, Steven

1982-01-01

122

Mnemonic Strategy Instruction with Learning Disabled Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In two experiments, students (10 learning disabled ninth graders and 45 nondisabled seventh graders) were taught the hardness levels of minerals according to either a keyword-pegword mnemonic, a questioning procedure, or free study. Mnemonic students significantly outrecalled both questioning and free-study students regardless of students'…

Mastropieri, Margo A.; And Others

1985-01-01

123

Field Dependence, Impulsivity, and Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Moderately and severely learning disabled boys were evaluated in terms of constructs of reflection-impulsivity and field dependence-independence, which concerns cognitive style and whether one is able to perceive and utilize discrete elements of his perceptual field. (KW)

Keogh, Barbara K.; Donlon, Genevieve McG.

1972-01-01

124

Learning Disabilities, Literacy, and Adult Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book deals with the long-neglected problem of learning disabilities (LDs) and the relationship of LDs to difficulties in the acquisition of literacy. Its 17 chapters are divided into 5 sections that begin with an opener to help the reader identify the main themes and content of each chapter in the section. Four chapters in Section I address…

Vogel, Susan A., Ed.; Reder, Stephen, Ed.

125

Profile of University Students with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data were collected on 211 undergraduates who were followed by Learning Disabled Student Services (LDSS) at the University of Massachusetts/Amherst during the academic year 1988-1989. Additional data on educational backgrounds were collected for 80 members of the LDSS population, to define variables important in predicting college outcomes.…

Wilczenski, Felicia L.; Gillespie-Silver, Patricia

126

A New World Order: Connecting Adult Developmental Theory to Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores new connections between the current literature base on adult developmental theory and the field of learning disabilities. Emphasis is on theory and practice in self-determination and adult development. Implications for special education, vocational education, general education, and adult learning are discussed. (Contains…

Price, Lynda; Patton, James R.

2003-01-01

127

Promoting Social Skills Among Students With Nonverbal Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The numbers are staggering: About one- third of students with learning disabili- ties (already the largest group of stu- dents with disabilities) have nonverbal, or social, disabilities. Students with nonverbal learning disabilities, then, not only face academic challenges but have difficulty meeting social expecta- tions, as well as many of life's other demands (see box, \\

Stephanie Morris

128

Students with Learning Disabilities in the Music Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are a number of disabilities that music educators may never encounter among their students in the music classroom; however, all music educators will have students with learning disabilities. Students with learning disabilities may have a variety of "presenting problems" that limit their academic and social success in the music classroom. The…

Darrow, Alice-Ann

2012-01-01

129

BUILD Program bridge to university for individuals with learning disabilities  

E-print Network

: ·Discovertheuniquechallenges faced by students with learning disabilities in their transition to university ·Developtime-management, goal-setting, and planning skills ·Learnaboutservicesavailable through Student Disability Services If you are a student with a learning disability, making a successful transition

130

The welfare implications of disability for older people in Ireland.  

PubMed

Recent data analysed for Ireland suggest a strong link between disability status and household poverty, while there exists substantial evidence to suggest that disability is highly prevalent among persons of older age. Within this context, this paper estimates the welfare implications of disability for older people in Ireland. We define and estimate models of the private costs borne by households with older persons who have a disability in Ireland, both in general and by severity of illness or condition. Our modelling framework is based on the standard of living approach to estimating the cost of disability. The model quantifies the extra costs of living associated with disability and is estimated by comparing the standard of living of households with and without disabled members at a given income, controlling for other sources of variation. The analysis suggests that the estimated economic cost of disability for older people in Ireland is significant and varies by severity of disability, as well as by household type. The results also suggest that the cost of disability increases in proportionate terms as the number of people in the household decreases. Our results are important when considering the effectiveness of policies that aim to address the economic problems associated with disability for older people, suggesting that current policy in Ireland does not go far enough. They indicate that older people face a double jeopardy through age and disability, which is not reflected in official poverty rates and support the case for the introduction of disability-adjusted poverty payments. PMID:21984224

Cullinan, John; Gannon, Brenda; O'Shea, Eamon

2013-04-01

131

Memory Processes in Learning Disability Subtypes of Children Born Preterm  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to evaluate immediate auditory and visual memory processes in learning disability subtypes of 40 children born preterm. Three subgroups of children were examined: (a) primary language disability group (n = 13), (b) perceptual-motor disability group (n = 14), and (c) no learning disability diagnosis group without identified language or perceptual-motor learning disability (n = 13). Between-group comparisons indicate no significant differences in immediate auditory or visual memory performances between language and perceptual-motor learning disability groups. Within-group comparisons revealed that both learning disability groups performed significantly lower on a task of immediate memory when the mode of stimulus presentation and mode of response were visual. PMID:22375897

McCoy, Thomasin E.; Conrad, Amy L.; Richman, Lynn C.; Nopoulos, Peg C.; Bell, Edward F.

2014-01-01

132

A Learning Abilities Program for Learning Disabled Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes a treatment program for learning disabled soldiers who have completed their basic training and are experiencing academic difficulties as they begin their Advanced Individual Training. Rationale for the evaluation\\/treatment techniques used as well as suggested class room modifications are described.

Judith S. Riggan

1983-01-01

133

Rethinking Learning Disabilities: Understanding Children Who Struggle in School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Experts have yet to reach consensus about what a learning disability is, how to determine if a child has one, and what to do about it. Leading researcher and clinician Deborah Waber offers an alternative to the prevailing view of learning disability as a problem contained within the child. Instead, she shows how learning difficulties are best…

Waber, Deborah P.

2010-01-01

134

Perceptual Processing Development: Its Relation to Learning Disabilities. Section I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is a developmental concept of perceptual processing as related to learning disabilities in young children. Learning is seen to involve the interaction of cognitive developmental stages at the preverbal, verbal, and postverbal levels with learning disabilities seen to be due to perceptual handicaps. A model is offered which posits a…

Wepman, Joseph M.

135

Process writing for high?risk and learning disabled students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current research is challenging traditional writing instruction, which concentrates on mechanical skills, and is examining the process approach to writing instruction. This article discusses the major elements of process instruction and the positive influence they have on learning disabled and inner?city high risk students. Because process writing seems to enhance active learning, a trait generally absent in learning disabled children,

Nina Zaragoza

1987-01-01

136

School Shock: Learning Disability as a Dissociative Reaction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning disability is suggested to be a dissociative reaction (school shock) similar to shell shock in wartime requiring appropriate theoretical and remedial approaches. Psychoanalytic and learning theory viewpoints are applied to the nature of learning disabilities. Also considered are the relation of anxiety to achievement and hypnosis to…

Zitani, E. Alfredo

137

Common Pediatric Disabilities: Medical Aspects and Educational Implications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents definitions of common pediatric disabilities and information about incidence, causes, diagnosis, common characteristics, complications with educational implications, and multidisciplinary intervention approaches. It covers the following conditions: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, cerebral palsy, Down syndrome, fragile…

Tyler, Janet Siantz; Colson, Steven

1994-01-01

138

Academic programs for gifted and talented\\/learning disabled students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Determined to address the needs of gifted and talented\\/learning disabled (GT\\/LD) students, educators in Maryland's Montgomery County Public Schools (MCPS) have spent 15 years creating a dynamic, comprehensive program for their GT\\/LD student population. MCPS identifies students with varying degrees of learning disabilities and has developed special self?contained classes for gifted students with severe learning disabilities while those with moderate

Rich Weinfeld; Sue Jeweler; Betty Shevitz

2002-01-01

139

Dyslexic\\/learning disabled students at Dartmouth college  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dartmouth College, a highly selective Ivy League college with 4100 undergraduates, has a small but significant number of dyslexic\\/learning-disabled\\u000a students, two-thirds of whom were identified through diagnostic testing at Dartmouth. Close advising relationships and intensive\\u000a interviews with Dartmouth learning-disabled students reveal a profile of a particular category of learning-disabled college\\u000a students. In spite of experiencing difficulty in a specific content

Nancy W. Pompian; Carl P. Thum

1988-01-01

140

Inservice Programs in Learning Disabilities. A Position Paper of the National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The position paper developed by the National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities stresses the need for systematic inservice programs for service providers. Deterrents cited to quality inservice programs include lack of planning and program availability. It is explained that the committee's recommendations were made after reviewing model…

National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities, Baltimore, MD.

141

Impact of Computer Aided Learning on Children with Specific Learning disabilities  

E-print Network

disability, emotional disturbance, brain pathology etc. Millions of children have been labelled as learningImpact of Computer Aided Learning on Children with Specific Learning disabilities A Report on study.4 The terms used 2. .indings 2.1 Children with Learning Problems 2.2 Impact of CAL (Computer Aided Learning

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

142

Skills, Standards, and Disabilities: How Youth with Learning Disabilities Fare in High School and beyond  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning disabled youth in the Child and Young Adult samples of the NLSY79 are "more" likely to graduate from high school than peers with the same measured cognitive ability, a difference that cannot be explained by differences in noncognitive skills, families, or school resources. Instead, I find that learning disabled students graduate from high…

McGee, Andrew

2011-01-01

143

The Sense and the Necessity of the Sciences in Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflections on the meaning and uses of science and observations about its implications in the study of learning disabilities are offered in this paper. The distinction between science and technology is examined and difficulties with society's absorption in pseudoscience or in science that has been oversimplified are discussed. The field of left…

Duane, Drake D.

144

Self-Efficacy and Stress of Staff Managing Challenging Behaviours of People with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Self-efficacy has been reported to play a significant role in stress levels of parents facing challenging behaviours of their children with learning disabilities. The role of self-efficacy has also been found to affect the stress levels of professional caregivers in such situations. To understand the implications of staff self-efficacy in…

Cudre-Mauroux, Annick

2011-01-01

145

Algebra Progress Monitoring and Interventions for Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competence in algebra is linked to access to higher education, employment in better-paying jobs, and, increasingly, the ability to earn a high school diploma. For many students with learning disabilities, developing proficiency in algebra represents a challenging, but necessary goal. Teachers of students with learning disabilities need access to…

Foegen, Anne

2008-01-01

146

Early Identification of Learning Disabilities: A Comparison of Two Methods.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An unadjusted low-achievement criterion was compared with a regression-discrepancy criterion for identifying learning disabled children. The use of an unadjusted achievement raw score criterion resulted in misdiagnosing many children as learning disabled, while failing to identify many others. Different sets of predictor variables were associated…

Horn, Wade F.; O'Donnel, James P.

1984-01-01

147

Learning Disabled Children's Attitudes toward Reading and Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to measure how learning disabled (LD) children perceive reading and libraries. No similar studies were found during the literature search undertaken for this project. Twenty-three fourth and fifth grade students identified as learning disabled by their school system were interviewed to collect information on their…

Richards, Vicki

148

Assessment of English Language Learners with Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Identifying English language learners (ELLs) with learning disabilities has become very important in education settings so that appropriate educational services can be provided to this group of students. Linguistic diversity may increase the measurement error and reduce the reliability of assessments. This article discusses the issues with assessments used to identify ELLs and students with learning disabilities and the challenges

Szu-Yin Chu; Sobeida Flores

2011-01-01

149

A Resource Guide for the Determination of Learning Disabilities. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for special education personnel, the resource guide is designed to clarify the concept of learning disabilities, determine the nature of the data which must be collected to determine the presence or absence of learning disability, develop procedures for collecting the data, and interpret the data. Initial sections address P.L. 94-142 (the…

Texas Education Agency, Austin. Div. of Special Education.

150

Challenging Behaviour: Analysis and Intervention in People with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book offers a British perspective on ways of conceptualizing, assessing, and intervening in the challenging behavior of people with severe learning disabilities, with emphasis on the types of technical support needed. An introductory chapter explains why the term "learning disability" is used rather than mental handicap, mental retardation,…

Emerson, Eric

151

Adult defendants with learning disabilities and the criminal courts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although precise numbers are unknown, it is generally acknowledged that between 5-10% of the offending population are people with learning disabilities. While there are few provisions that explicitly target defendants with learning disabilities there is a general recognition in law that defendants must be able to understand and participate effectively in the criminal proceedings of which they are a part.

Jenny Talbot; Jessica Jacobson

2010-01-01

152

Learning Disabilities and Criminal Involvement: Prevention, Advocacy and Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increasing numbers of special needs offenders reflect the proportionate growth of the general incarcerated population. Prevention should be aimed at working with local school districts to identify youth with learning problems who may eventually drop out of school. Many of the developmentally disabled and learning disabled persons who end up in the…

McMahon, William G.

153

Evaluating a Social Skills Program for Children with Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children with learning disabilities are at risk for poor peer relationships even in the mainstreamed classroom. Possible negative consequences include poor school performance, delinquency, and mental and emotional problems as adults. The author discusses the implementation and evaluation of a social skills program for fifth grade children with learning disabilities (LD). A unique component of this program is the inclusion

Juanita B. Hepler

1997-01-01

154

A Century of Research Related to Specific Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation presents a systematic review of literature published from 1861-1974 and available in English which deals with children who may be classified as learning disabled by current federal law. The purposes of the review were to trace the studies of behaviors related to learning disabilities, to identify key studies on which later…

Cordoni, Barbara Keene

155

Career Counseling of Youth with Learning Disabilities. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Career counseling in secondary schools is important for all students, but it is especially critical for students with learning disabilities. This digest describes how making developmental career counseling a focus in secondary schools contributes to the success of youth with learning disabilities in post-school employment. These students show…

Hutchinson, Nancy L.

156

The Dilemma of Identifying Learning Disabled Hearing-Impaired Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A teacher, speech-language pathologist, school principal, and audiologist rated 27 hearing-impaired elementary students on effective use of language, speech, and sign language and on presence of a learning disability and/or behavior problem. Ratings were compared with each other and with test scores purporting to identify learning disabilities or…

Powers, Ann

1988-01-01

157

Effective Spelling Instruction for Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Difficulty with spelling is a perennial challenge for students with learning disabilities. Several decades of research, however, have identified both fundamental linguistic concepts and instructional approaches that, when understood by a teacher, can be applied to teach students with learning disabilities to spell. In this article, a brief history…

Sayeski, Kristin L.

2011-01-01

158

Teaching Writing to Learning Disabled Students: A Pilot Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A pilot study examined the influence of team teaching, the use of computers, conferencing, and one-to-one immediate feedback on the development of writing skills of learning disabled students at Genesee Community College. Twelve students identified as learning disabled (LD) and who demonstrated great difficulty in introductory English classes were…

Long, Maxine M.

159

Postschool Goals and Transition Services for Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the initial findings for students with learning disabilities from the first year of The Ohio Longitudinal Transition Study (OLTS). The study included 416 participants with learning disabilities who were exiting high school. Data from an in-school survey were analyzed by sample demographics (e.g. school setting, school type,…

Daviso, Alfred W.; Denney, Stephen C.; Baer, Robert M.; Flexer, Robert

2011-01-01

160

Recognizing the Learning Disabled Child: Which Behaviors Do Teachers Use?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this survey, approximately 30 teachers chose from a list of 56 behavior descriptors those they thought characterized either the learning disabled or slow-learner/low-achiever populations. Results indicated that, as a group, teachers did not distinguish between learning disabled and other under-achievers on the listed behavioral descriptors,…

Rothlisberg, Barbara A.; Liljestrom, Marilyn E.

161

The Learning Disabled University Student: A Synopsis of Applied Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper summarizes four presentations made by members of the Pennsylvania State University Program for Learning Disabled (LD) students. An initial section considers the definition of LD and reviews a study on diagnosing LD in 12 undergraduates. The existence of a foreign language disability in students with good attitudes toward learning a…

Gajar, Anna; And Others

162

National Center for Learning Disabilities, Inc. 2005 Annual Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2005, the National Center for Learning Disabilities (NCLD) helped more children, more parents and more educators than ever before. Through their programs, information services, and policy initiatives, they raised awareness, mobilized advocates, and took action to help ensure that learning disabilities are identified and addressed early and…

National Center for Learning Disabilities, 2006

2006-01-01

163

Educational Considerations for the Learning Disabled Adolescent: Selected Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are 11 papers from a seminar entitled Secondary Programs for the Adolescent with Learning Disabilities. Entries include the following titles and authors: "Parent-Adolescent Interaction" (D. Ellis); "The Development of the Adolescent Self-Concept" (M. Smith); "The Self-Concept of the Learning Disabled Adolescent" (B. Lockett); "Brief…

Ensminger, E. Eugene, Ed.; Smiley, Lydia R., Ed.

164

Skills for Support: Personal Assistants and People with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For people with learning disabilities to have control over their lives, the quality of their support staff matters. This paper reports on an inclusive research study, which used video analysis to study the communication skills of personal assistants (PAs) who worked with people with learning disabilities. The findings reveal some of the fine…

Williams, Val; Ponting, Lisa; Ford, Kerrie; Rudge, Philippa

2010-01-01

165

Learning Disabilities and Juvenile Justice. Special Edition. Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This special newsletter issue on learning disabilities and juvenile justice includes statistics indicating unfavorable outcomes for many individuals with learning disabilities, presents findings of the Incarcerated Youth Task Force Report, and describes five successful programs for teaching reading. Articles include: "Parents Don't Care!--Or Do…

Tyner, Polly, Ed.

1995-01-01

166

SERVICES FOR STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES CENTER FOR TEACHING AND LEARNING  

E-print Network

ES 5/14 SERVICES FOR STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES CENTER FOR TEACHING AND LEARNING REQUEST Services for Students with Disabilities (SSD) staff has permission to speak with the Center for Teaching and Learning (CTL). Requests will not be processed until both the Request for Placement Exam Accommodations

Texas at Austin, University of

167

Cognitive Therapy Abilities in People with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: There is a need to develop and adapt therapies for use with people with learning disabilities who have mental health problems. Aims: To examine the performance of people with learning disabilities on two cognitive therapy tasks (emotion recognition and discrimination among thoughts, feelings and behaviours). We hypothesized that…

Sams, Kathryn; Collins, Suzanne; Reynolds, Shirley

2006-01-01

168

Book Review: Facing Learning Disabilities in the Adult Years.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews "Facing Learning Disabilities in the Adult Years" by Joan Shapiro and Rebecca Rich, a book that discusses the definitions, causes, and characteristics of learning disabilities as well as many interventions for successful adult adjustment. The information is aimed at helping families and professionals, as well as the adults…

Alber, Sheila R.; Foil, Carolyn R.

2001-01-01

169

Using an Electronic Spreadsheet for Children with Learning Disabilities (Poster)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students with learning disabilities face many difficulties as they learn arithmetic in schools. Perhaps most problematic is that they are often grouped together without regard for their specific disabilities. One approach to help children move from familiar numbers to their symbolic representation through graphs and charts utilizes the technological capabilities of the electronic spreadsheet. We created lessons aimed to help

Ahuva Tal; Tali Heiman; Paul Gorsky

170

Supporting medical students with learning disabilities in Asian medical schools  

PubMed Central

Learning disabilities (LDs) represent the largest group of disabilities in higher education (HE) institutes, including medical schools, and the numbers are continuing to rise. The worrying concern is that two-thirds to half of these students with LDs remain undiagnosed when they start their undergraduate education and may even graduate without having their disabilities diagnosed. These students struggle with their academic abilities, receive poor grades and, as a result, develop lower perceptions of their intellectual abilities than do those students without LDs. All these ultimately hamper their professional practice, employment, and career progression. Appropriate and adequate educational policies, provisions, and practices help students to progress satisfactorily. In Asian countries, public and professional awareness about LDs is low, supportive provisions are limited, legislations are inadequate, data are scarce, and equal-opportunity/widening-participation policies are not implemented effectively in the HE sector. This article discusses the issues related to LDs in medical education and draws policy, provision, and practice implications to identify, assess, and support students with LDs in medical schools, particularly in an Asian context. PMID:23745060

Majumder, Md. Anwarul Azim; Rahman, Sayeeda; D'Souza, Urban JA; Elbeheri, Gad; Abdulrahman, Khalid Bin; Huq, M Muzaherul

2010-01-01

171

Readings about Children and Youth with Learning Disabilities. ERIC Mini-Bib.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This short bibliography summarizes printed resources and videotapes relating to children and youth with learning disabilities. Seventeen books are listed that address: (1) career planning; (2) common learning disabilities and coping with learning disabilities; (3) teaching adolescents with learning disabilities; (4) child rearing; (5) learning

Sorenson, Barbara R., Comp.

172

A Study Of Selected Psychological Process Tests Used To Discriminate Learning Disabled Students From Non Learning Disabled Students (florida)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the use of assessment instruments which are classified as process tests and academic tests in the identification of specific learning disabled students (SLD). School psychologists administered the battery of tests (intelligence, process, and academic) to a random sample of black and white SLD (N-153) and non learning disabled (NLD) (N-182) male students across three age groups.Multiple discriminant

Adelaide L. Ware

1983-01-01

173

Project Impact: Service-Learning's Impact on Youth with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A qualitative exploration of a service-learning program for high school students with disabilities is presented. Focus groups with (n = 15) students and interviews with (n = 3) service-learning teachers at multiple service-learning sites were conducted to explore the perceptions of students and service-learning teachers regarding the impact of the…

Miller, Christina R.

2013-01-01

174

Variables related to the decision of young adults with learning disabilities to participate in postsecondary education.  

PubMed

This article examines the relationship between specific factors and the decision to participate in postsecondary education by young adults with learning disabilities. Data concerning 539 subjects with learning disabilities were included in this study. T test and chi square indicated that involvement in extracurricular activities while in high school, use of community resources, intelligence quotient, and reading and mathematics grade equivalent scores were important factors that differentiated between subjects choosing to participate or not to participate in postsecondary education during the year after high school. Implications and recommendations for secondary school curriculum are discussed. PMID:2366040

Miller, R J; Snider, B; Rzonca, C

1990-01-01

175

Collaborative speech and language services for students with learning disabilities.  

PubMed

Fueled by educational reforms such as the Regular Education Initiative, the inclusion movement, and Goals 2000, speech and language pathologists (SLPs) have explored the use of collaborative consultation in providing integrated service delivery. The implications of classroom-based services are discussed, along with models that have been adopted by SLPs, learning disabilities specialists (LDSs), and classroom teachers. The characteristics of students served, and the areas of speech and language (i.e., language, articulation, fluency, voice) targeted in the classroom, are reviewed. Ways in which SLPs, LDSs, and classroom teachers can collaborate, including collaborative assessment; Individualized Education Program development; teaching listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills; and teaching students the language of the classroom, are described. PMID:9220710

Elksnin, L K

1997-01-01

176

[Temporary disability and its legal implications].  

PubMed

Temporary disability is the condition that workers face when, as the result of illness (common or professional) or accident (work-related or not), they are temporarily prevented from performing their work and require health care. The management of temporary disability is a medical act that involves (in addition to a complex clinical assessment) obvious social, occupational and financial connotations and requires continuing medical follow-up from doctors, as well as responses to medical-legal conflicts. The regulatory framework on the subject is extensive in the Spanish setting and highly diverse in the European setting. Beyond the regulatory framework, the repercussions of temporary disability are self-evident at all levels. Although determining temporary disability is a common medical act for practicing physicians, it is not exempt from risks or difficulties arising from the assessment itself and the characteristics of practicing medical care. Established medical-legal conflicts include the processing of health data and the requirements for transferring information related to workers' temporary disability to their company's medical services. The interest and usefulness demonstrated by the data obtained from forensic medicine for public health require the incorporation of these data into general healthcare information, as it could be essential to the surveillance of worker health. The recommendations established by medical societies, as good practice guidelines, are especially useful in this type of conflict. PMID:24913752

Martin-Fumadó, Carles; Martí Amengual, Gabriel; Puig Bausili, Lluïsa; Arimany-Manso, Josep

2014-03-01

177

Using multimedia to enhance the accessibility of the learning environment for disabled students: reflections from the Skills for Access project  

Microsoft Academic Search

As educators' awareness of their responsibilities towards ensuring the accessibility of the learning environment to disabled students increases, significant debate surrounds the implications of acces- sibility requirements on educational multimedia. There would appear to be widespread concern that the fundamental principles of creating accessible web-based materials seem at odds with the creative and innovative use of multimedia to support learning

David Sloan; John Stratford; Peter Gregor

2006-01-01

178

Addressing the mental health needs of people with learning disabilities.  

PubMed

It is now common policy in providing care for people with learning disabilities to ensure improved access to mainstream health services. Consequently, all nursing disciplines are required to have improved understanding about the physical and mental health needs of this client group. This article focuses on their mental health needs. It is predominantly targeted at mental health and learning disability nurses, but will be of interest to all nurses who increasingly come into contact with people with a learning disability and require insight into all aspects of their health. PMID:18686693

Devine, M; Taggart, L

179

How older people with learning disabilities perceive ageing.  

PubMed

This article discusses the author's use of reflexivity in trying to gain a better understanding of ageing in older people with learning disabilities. In the general population ageing is viewed in rather negative terms and as a significant life transition. However, for some older people with learning disabilities this transition may go unnoticed because of their past negative life experiences and lack of opportunities. Reflexivity has the potential to provide nurses with greater understanding of the personal perspectives of older people with learning disabilities. PMID:20632547

Jenkins, Robert

2010-07-01

180

Facing Learning Disabilities in the Adult Years. Understanding Dyslexia, ADHD, Assessment, Intervention, and Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This text provides information on learning disabilities in adults and offers practical ways to compensate. Chapters address: (1) definitions of learning disability; (2) etiology of learning disabilities; (3) our cognitive or thinking systems; (4) different assessment settings and some of the tests used to diagnose a learning disability; (5)…

Shapiro, Joan; Rich, Rebecca

181

Testing the effectiveness of problem-based learning with learning-disabled students in biology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of problem-based learning (PBL) with learning-disabled (LD) students. Twenty-four students (12 dyads) classified as LD and attending a school for the learning-disabled participated in the study. Students engaged in either a computer-based environment involving BioWorld, a hospital simulation designed to teach biology students problem-solving skills, or a paper-and-pencil version based on the computer program. A hybrid model of learning was adopted whereby students were provided with direct instruction on the digestive system prior to participating in a problem-solving activity. Students worked in dyads and solved three problems involving the digestive system in either a computerized or a paper-and-pencil condition. The experimenter acted as a coach to assist students throughout the problem-solving process. A follow-up study was conducted, one month later, to measure the long-term learning gains. Quantitative and qualitative methods were used to analyze three types of data: process data, outcome data, and follow-up data. Results from the process data showed that all students engaged in effective collaboration and became more systematic in their problem solving over time. Findings from the outcome and follow-up data showed that students in both treatment conditions, made both learning and motivational gains and that these benefits were still evident one month later. Overall, results demonstrated that the computer facilitated students' problem solving and scientific reasoning skills. Some differences were noted in students' collaboration and the amount of assistance required from the coach in both conditions. Thus, PBL is an effective learning approach with LD students in science, regardless of the type of learning environment. These results have implications for teaching science to LD students, as well as for future designs of educational software for this population.

Guerrera, Claudia Patrizia

182

Confronting Similar Challenges? Disabled and Non-Disabled Students' Learning and Assessment Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article presents evidence from a systematic survey of disabled (n = 172) and non-disabled (n = 312) students regarding their learning and assessment experiences within one higher education institution in the UK. This study builds upon previous work in the sector, with the aim of gathering evidence to inform inclusive policy and practice for…

Madriaga, Manuel; Hanson, Katie; Heaton, Caroline; Kay, Helen; Newitt, Sarah; Walker, Ann

2010-01-01

183

Reasons University Students with a Learning Disability Wait to Seek Disability Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We interviewed 42 students with a learning disability attending a large competitive state university about their reasons for seeking disability services (DS) when they did and their transition services in high school. Students who sought services earlier performed better academically than students who postponed seeking services. All but eight…

Lightner, Kirsten L.; Kipps-Vaughan, Deborah; Schulte, Timothy; Trice, Ashton D.

2012-01-01

184

Effect of a Home Learning Program on Learning Disabled Children's Balance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Improving the balance of learning disabled children was investigated through the use of a 12-week structured gross motor home learning program. Analyses concluded that parents can significantly enhance the static and dynamic balance of their learning disabled children by implementing a structured gross-motor training program at home. (Author/PN)

Horvat, Michael A.

1982-01-01

185

College Preparedness and Time of Learning Disability Identification  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the results of the Learning and Study Strategies Inventory (LASSI) administered to college students in order to identify similarities and differences between time of diagnosis of a learning disability and the development of learning strategies related to will, self-regulation, and skill components. Findings indicate that early…

Abreu-Ellis, Carla; Ellis, Jason; Hayes, Richard

2009-01-01

186

Virtual reality in vocational training of people with learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports a 3-stage investigation of virtual environments (VEs) in vocational training of people with learning disabilities. Stage 1 results showed that active interaction with a VE can give better learning than passive observation and that some of what is learned in a VE can transfer to the real world. Stage 2, a questionnaire survey, identified catering as the

F D Rose; B M Brooks; E A Attree

2000-01-01

187

Recess in Elementary Schools: Implications for Children Who Have Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews historical aspects of play, issues about recess time, and implications for children who have disabilities. It also describes the need for research to acquire information from stakeholders. Play is pleasurable, enjoyable, intrinsic, and the active base for cognitive, social, motor, and language development in children.…

McClure, Cheryl; Kinnison, Lloyd R.

188

Teaching College Students with Learning Disabilities. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This digest summarizes the issues involved in the instruction of college students with learning disabilities and offers a practical approach to teaching these students. It notes first that disability law at the college level is not as prescriptive as that for the elementary secondary level. Since the instructional climate in higher education is…

Shaw, Stan F.; Scott, Sally S.; McGuire, Joan M.

189

Immersing Students in the Culture of Disability through Service Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a description of service learning implemented in an introductory special education course focused on the culture of disability. Collaborating with liaisons from five community service organizations, students provided services to individuals with disabilities in a variety of projects across two semesters. Communication and…

Santos, Rosa Milagros; Ruppar, Andrea L.; Jeans, Laurie M.

2012-01-01

190

Summer Learning Loss among Elementary School Children with Reading Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated whether students with reading disabilities (RD) showed greater regression in reading skills than did non-RD students over the summer vacation. The RD group consisted of 30 students in grades 4 to 6 from a private school for students with learning disabilities and a comparison group of 30 average readers in grades 4 to 6…

Menard, Jessica; Wilson, Alexander M.

2014-01-01

191

Learning Disabled Students: Making the Transition to College Life.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Persons with learning disabilities are choosing to attend college in increasing numbers. They bring with them special needs that must be met if they are to be successful. Federal legislation mandates that education programs receiving federal funds cannot discriminate against persons with disabilities. This places the burden of accommodation on the…

Satcher, Jamie

192

Time Management Instruction for Older Students with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes several strategies to mitigate the effects of poor time management skills in postsecondary students with learning disabilities. Strategies focus on using a calendar; wearing and/or referring to a wristwatch or clock; and practicing punctuality. (DB)

Manganello, Robert E.

1994-01-01

193

Adult learning disabilities screening using an internet-administered instrument  

E-print Network

The article validates an Internet-administered version of Adult Learning Disabilities Screening (ALDS), e-ALDS, by comparing 122 adult education participants who completed the ALDS in paper-and-pencil vs. Internet formats. Adults with undiagnosed...

Lancaster, Sean; Mellard, Daryl

2005-09-01

194

Supporting Nursing Students with Learning Disabilities: A Metacognitive Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addresses diagnosis, intervention, and accommodation from a metacognitive perspective for students with learning disabilities. Identifies curriculum issues for nursing education and gives examples of modifications in classroom and clinical settings. (SK)

Ijiri, Lisa; Kudzma, Elizabeth C.

2000-01-01

195

A Perceptual Motor Program Model for Learning Disabled Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The model established guidelines for a perceptual motor program for learning disabled children in the areas of student evaluation, choice of activities, goal setting, practice sessions, and reinforcement. (GW)

Eason, Robert L.; Smith, Theresa L.

1976-01-01

196

Caring for adults with a learning disability in the community.  

PubMed

A recurring theme within the literature is gaps in the delivery of services for people with a learning disability living in the community. These gaps occur between health professionals, primary and secondary care and specialisms within nursing. Gaps also exist between social service policy and implementation, health and social care. Recent national and local reports have sought to address these issues by promoting ways for health and social services to work in partnership. The theme of health promotion is highlighted in all these documents, but implementation of health promotion has been firmly placed within the boundaries of primary care. This poses a dilemma for primary care: does the primary care team or a more specialist community learning disability team provide better care for people with a learning disability? This article summarizes strategies and policies within the literature and difficulties that need to be considered when offering a service to people with a learning disability. PMID:11927898

Powrie, E

197

Behavioral Inhibition in Children with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children with reading disabilities (RD, n = 17), mathematical disabilities (MD, n = 22), combined reading and mathematical disabilities (RD + MD, n = 28) and control peers (n = 45) were tested on behavioral inhibition with a Go/no-go task in a picture, letter and digit-modality. In contrast to children without RD, children with RD made…

De Weerdt, Frauke; Desoete, Annemie; Roeyers, Herbert

2013-01-01

198

High Ability\\/Learning Disabled Students: How Are They Different?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the research was to investigate what characteristics distinguish High Ability\\/LD students from learning disabled students with average cognitive ability and from high ability students. One hundred-twelve high ability or learning disabled students in grades four through six participated in the study: High Ability, High Ability\\/LD, and LD\\/Average. A variety of instruments was used to assess and compare

Susan Baum; Steven V. Owen

1988-01-01

199

Life adjustments of college freshmen with and without learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports the results of a study comparing college freshmen with learning disabilities (LD) and freshmen with no\\u000a learning disabilities (NLD). Four data collections over one academic year were completed on a total of 72 students (LDn=39; NLDn=33). Results of the study indicated differences between groups in their initial choice of living accommodations and in the\\u000a changes made over

Ann Grasso Ryan

1994-01-01

200

Sensitivity to nonverbal communication among male learning disabled adolescents.  

PubMed

9 white male learning disabled adolescents were administered the Profile of Nonverbal Sensitivity to assess their sensitivity to nonverbal communication. Analysis indicated these adolescents were poorer at decoding nonverbal cues than the nondisabled standardization sample. They also had difficulties in interpreting nonverbal messages, regardless of the mode in which they were presented. The relationship of learning disabled adolescents' sensitivity to nonverbal communication and social skills should be studied. PMID:3601608

Creasey, G L; Jarvis, P A

1987-06-01

201

The brain of a learning-disabled individual  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept of learning disability is less absolute than is usually realized. In a nonliterate society only the advantages\\u000a of many dyslexics may be evident without the disadvantages. By contrast markedly unmusical individuals can go through modern\\u000a educational systems with little difficulty, although in some particular social conditions they could correctly be regarded\\u000a as severely learning disabled. These considerations lead

Norman Geschwind

1984-01-01

202

Care adjustments for people with learning disabilities in hospitals.  

PubMed

Health inequalities start early in life for people with learning disabilities. In the UK, they can arise from various barriers that people experience when trying to access care that should be appropriate, timely and effective. Inequalities in health care are likely to result in many NHS organisations breaching their legal responsibilities, as outlined in the Disability Discrimination Acts 1995 and 2005, the Equality Act 2010 and the Mental Capacity Act 2005 (Emerson and Baines 2010). This article seeks to help nurses, healthcare professionals and hospital managers ensure that better services are delivered by encouraging them to explore how reasonable adjustments can improve outcomes for people with learning disabilities. PMID:22256461

Blair, Jim

2011-12-01

203

The role of technology and authentic task contexts in promoting inclusive learning for disabled and non-disabled college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although most online courses offered by institutions of higher learning are accessible to both the disabled and non-disabled student population, little empirical research is available on how inclusive the online courses are. Fulfilling mandated accessibility requirements may not always connote inclusivity. As such, educational institutions may unwittingly foster separate educational tracks for disabled Vs non-disabled students; while simultaneously paying mere

Conrad Shayo; San Bernardino

2008-01-01

204

Views from the Mainstream: Learning Disabled Students as Perceived by Regular Education Classroom Teachers and by Non-Learning Disabled Secondary Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the context of a program for mainstreaming learning disabled students, this study compared the perceptions of learning disabled students held by non-learning disabled secondary students. Significant differences were found between the two groups for 15 of the 30 items on the questionnaire. For 14 of these 15 items, student responses were significantly more positive than those of the teachers.

Robert D. Chester

1992-01-01

205

Health screening for people with learning disabilities by a community learning disability nursing service in Northern Ireland.  

PubMed

Over the last 30 years there has been a considerable increase in the life expectancy of people with learning disabilities. This has resulted in changing patterns of morbidity and mortality and an increasing recognition of the health needs of people with learning disabilities. Major strides forward have been made in the reduction of preventable illnesses among the general population. However, among people with learning disabilities such illnesses have received only limited health promotion attention until recently. In the last decade major gaps have been identified in the ability of current primary health services to respond to the needs of people with learning disabilities. The need to respond effectively to this situation has been identified as a priority by the current United Kingdom Government. Following an overview of the literature in relation to the changing health profile of people with learning disabilities and the need for health screening, consideration is given to some of the key difficulties which may be encountered when attempting to utilize current primary health services. The analysis of data derived from the health screening of 373 people with learning disabilities by a community nursing service in Down and Lisburn Health and Social Services Trust reveals the need for further action in relation to cardiovascular status, sensory deficits, mobility and aspects of sexual health. PMID:10354244

Barr, O; Gilgunn, J; Kane, T; Moore, G

1999-06-01

206

Learning Problems of the Secondary and Junior College Learning Disabled Student: Suggested Remedies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To heighten teachers' observational awareness, outlines the behavioral characteristics that are symptomatic of learning disabled adolescents and suggests for each category of general, visual, and auditory symptoms, classroom methods for circumventing learning problems. (AYC)

Kahn, Michael S.

1981-01-01

207

Learned helplessness in mentally retarded and learning disabled versus normal subjects: an attributional approach  

E-print Network

LEARNED HELPLESSNESS IN MENTALLY RETARDED AND LEARNING DISABLED VERSUS NORMAL SUBJECTS: AN ATTRIBUTIONAL APPROACH A Thesis by VERONICA LADELL DAVIS Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ABM University in Partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1981 Major Subject: Psychology LEARNED HELPLESSNESS IN MENTALLY RETARDED AND LEARNING DISABLED VERSUS NORMAL SUBJECTS: AN ATTRIBUTIONAL APPROACH A Thesis by VERONICA LADELL DAVIS Approved...

Davis, Veronica Ladell

2012-06-07

208

Project Upgrade. Working with Adults Who Have Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is designed to help adult educators understand and meet the needs of adults with learning disabilities (ALDs). A research-substantiated rationale for remedial instruction for ALDs is presented in the introduction. Selected terms are defined, and common characteristics of ALDs are examined. Basic assumptions regarding adult learning

Manhattan Adult Learning and Resource Center, KS.

209

Teaching Kids with Learning Disabilities to Take Public Transit  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Taking public transit can make anyone nervous, especially in a large or medium-sized city where there are many different bus lines going many different places. The author's daughter, Anna, has multiple learning disabilities and may never learn to drive, but she wants to be as independent as possible so the author taught her to ride the bus. This…

Schoenfeld, Jane

2009-01-01

210

Verbal Memory and Semantic Organization of Children with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined the verbal learning performance and the semantic organization used by Greek reading-disabled readers as compared to a control group using a list-learning task. The sample consisted of 45 elementary school children with reading difficulties and 45 comparison children matched for age and gender. Tests of reading ability,…

Polychroni, Fotini; Economou, Alexandra; Printezi, Anna; Koutlidi, Ifigeneia

2011-01-01

211

Screening for learning disability in an adolescent forensic population  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is recognised in the literature that learning disability (LD) and learning difficulties are represented in greater proportions among adolescent offenders than in the broader adolescent population. However at this time no common method for identifying these difficulties is used within the youth justice system (YJS) in England and Wales. A sample of 71 young people within the YJS in

Greta Ford; Ruth Andrews; Anne Booth; Jamie Dibdin; Samantha Hardingham; Thomas P. Kelly

2008-01-01

212

The Effects of Child Maltreatment on Learning Disabilities and Interventions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the increase in the rate and intensity of child maltreatment, defines the types of maltreatment (physical, sexual, psychological and neglect), their possible effects on learning, and school interventions that can assist the children with learning disabilities. The need for a structured classroom environment is emphasized.…

Lowenthal, Barbara

2003-01-01

213

Establishing the Link between Working Memory Function and Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research findings concerning working memory impairment of children with learning disabilities, poor readers, and individuals with severe learning difficulties are examined within the framework of working memory. Results from developmental and experimental studies indicate a close link between the function of working memory and performance on…

Masoura, Elvira V.

2006-01-01

214

Diagnosis of Specific Learning Disabilities and Prescriptive Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recent trend in special education toward individualized teaching based on the diagnosis of specific learning disabilities is reviewed. The concern of educators for emphasis on psychoeducational diagnosis to determine learning and behavioral problems, and their remediation, rather than primarily on classification and categorization along…

Alonso, Lou; And Others

215

Facilitating the Acquisition of Science Facts in Learning Disabled Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fifty-six learning disabled students were presented materials describing minerals of North America. For each mineral, the students had to learn three associated attributes: the mineral's hardness level, its color, and its common use. The students were randomly assigned to four different methods of study. The two principal conditions were direct instruction, where students were taught eight minerals according to the

Thomas E. Scruggs; Margo A. Mastropieri; Joel R Levin; Janet S Gaffney

1985-01-01

216

Verbal Learning and Memory Functions in Adolescents with Reading Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors of this current study compared the memory performance of adolescent students with specific reading disabilities (RD) with that of typical adolescent readers on a newly developed verbal learning test, the "Bergen-Tucson Verbal Learning Test" (BTVLT). This multiple trial test was designed to measure memory acquisition, retention,…

Oyler, James D.; Obrzut, John E.; Asbjornsen, Arve E.

2012-01-01

217

Complicating, Not Explicating: Taking up Philosophy in Learning Disability Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides an introduction to theoretical ideas and practices from the so-called "philosophers of difference"--Foucault, Derrida, and Deleuze and Guattari--as an invitation to think differently about the construction of learning disability and to envision new forms of learning. Two key concepts, Foucault's transgression and Deleuze and…

Allan, Julie

2011-01-01

218

Using Dynamic Assessment to Evaluate Children with Suspected Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dynamic assessment uses a test-teach-retest approach that can assist clinicians in differentiating between children with learning disabilities and children with learning differences. This article describes a model of dynamic assessment of narratives and its use with children from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds. Case studies…

Moore-Brown, Barbara; Huerta, Maria; Uranga-Hernandez, Yvana; Pena, Elizabeth D.

2006-01-01

219

Relationship of Cognitive Functioning and Aggressive Behavior with Emotionally Disabled and Specific Learning Disabled Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the relationship between cognitive functioning and Emotionally Disabled (ED) and Specific Learning Disabled (SLD) students' aggressive behavior. Secondarily, it was of interest to examine the two groups' academic functioning and social factors related to aggressive behavior. Data were analyzed using initial and most recent Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, Third Edition (WISC-III) scores and Woodcock—Johnson—Revised (WJ-R) scores

Bruce G. McHale; John E. Obrzut; Darrell L. Sabers

2003-01-01

220

Optimizing the Collegiate Experience of Learning Disabled Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the U.S., only 3.6% of Learning Disabled (LD) college students graduate, while 62.1% of nondisabled students graduate. The Universal Design for Learning (UDL) can help increase the number of LD students graduating from a college or university. Universal Design for Learning is a call to institutions to support students in a variety of ways as they to strive to

Ann Hersey; Matthew Hughes; Lindsay Timmerman

2012-01-01

221

Learning Support Services The Center for Disability Resources (CDR) offers a variety of learning support services  

E-print Network

Learning Support Services The Center for Disability Resources (CDR) offers a variety of learning consultation sessions allow students to meet with a learning specialist on a wide array of topics. When meeting with individual students, the learning specialist is able to discuss targeted compensatory strategies to meet

Heller, Barbara

222

Examining the Experiences of Educators Who Have Disabilities: Implications for Enhancing Diversity in Teacher Education Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study described here investigated the training and employment experiences of educators with disabilities. Participants included 25 educators (17 female and 8 male) with a variety of disabilities (physical disabilities, health impairments, or medical conditions; learning disabilities; acquired brain injuries; visual impairments; hearing…

Keller, Clayton E.; And Others

223

Alternative models of learning disabilities identification: considerations and initial conclusions  

E-print Network

for the National Research Center on Learning Disabilities. Address: Daryl F. Mellard, University of Kansas, Joseph R. Pearson Hall, 1122 West Campus Road, Room 521, Lawrence, KS 66045-3101; e-mail: dmellard@ku.edu 7 References Fletcher, J. M., & Denton, C..., Kansas City, MO. IDEA 2004: Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement ACT of 2004 (Public Law 108-446). Kavale, K. A., Holdnack, J., Mostert, M. P., & Schmied, C. M. (2003, December). The feasibility of a responsiveness to intervention...

Johnson, Evelyn; Mellard, Daryl; Byrd, Sara E.

2005-01-01

224

Peer-Mediated Teaching and Students With Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer-mediated instruction holds particular promise as an effective educational strategy for children with learning disabilities. When properly implemented, peer-mediated instructional approaches permit active engagement, frequent opportunities to respond, immediate error correction, prompt feedback on the correctness of responses, and motivational elements. They promote the integration and acceptance of children with disabilities. Here, research on 3 peer-mediated instructional approaches shown to

Gregory F. Harper; Larry Maheady

2007-01-01

225

Educators' ambivalence and managing anxiety in providing sex education for people with learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little is known about how HIV\\/AIDS affects people with disabilities, although international literature suggests that people with learning disabilities and other disabilities may be at increased vulnerability to HIV infection. One factor that increases vulnerability to HIV is the lack of sex education and resulting knowledge about safe sex. People with learning disabilities have historically been excluded from sex education

Poul Rohleder

2010-01-01

226

Sociological Theories of Learning Disabilities: Understanding Racial Disproportionality in Special Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many researchers have applied sociological theory to concepts of physical disability, leading to the “social model” used by disability advocates and activists, but less work has been done to provide a sociological frame for learning disabilities. Students with learning disabilities have constituted the fastest-growing special education population in public school districts, particularly students of color. Though the overrepresentation of students

Yolanda Anyon

2009-01-01

227

Testing the effectiveness of problem-based learning with learning-disabled students in biology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of problem-based learning (PBL) with learning-disabled (LD) students. Twenty-four students (12 dyads) classified as LD and attending a school for the learning-disabled participated in the study. Students engaged in either a computer-based environment involving BioWorld, a hospital simulation designed to teach biology students problem-solving skills, or a paper-and-pencil version

Claudia Patrizia Guerrera

2002-01-01

228

Money, Finance and the Personalisation Agenda for People with Learning Disabilities in the UK: Some Emerging Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the UK, policy on adult social care places an emphasis on maximising choice and control for service users, including people with learning disabilities. The shift from the provision of organised services for groups of people to offering individual and personal budgets and pots of money for people to buy their own services has major implications

Abbott, David; Marriott, Anna

2013-01-01

229

Understanding and Self-Advocacy: Students with Learning Disabilities, Unrecognized Talent  

E-print Network

barriers within the bureaucratic process of higher educationBarriers: Perceptions of Students Labeled with Learning Disabilities in Higher Education. ”Barriers: Perceptions of Students Labeled with Learning Disabilities in Higher Education. ”

Mancini, Tabitha A

2012-01-01

230

The Role of Assessment in the Vocational Rehabilitation of Adults with Specific Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews approaches for identification and diagnosis of specific learning disabilities and assessment strategies for elucidating functional and vocational deficits associated with specific learning disabilities. Discusses recommendations for provision of comprehensive assessment services. (Author/CM)

McCue, Michael

1989-01-01

231

The Association of Middle Ear Effusion and Auditory Learning Disabilities in Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study investigated the prevalence of middle ear effusion (conductive hearing loss) in 32 school aged children found to have auditory learning disabilities. Results indicated a systematic relationship between auditory learning disability and middle ear effusion. (DB)

Glass, Rita

1981-01-01

232

Qualitative differences in learning disabilities across postsecondary institutions.  

PubMed

Many college students receiving accommodations for specific learning disability (SLD) do not meet objective criteria for the disorder. Furthermore, whether students meet criteria depends on the diagnostic decision model used by their clinician. The authors examined whether the relationship between diagnostic model and likelihood of meeting objective criteria is moderated by students' postsecondary institution. They administered a comprehensive psychoeducational battery to 98 undergraduates receiving accommodations for SLD at 2-year public colleges, 4-year public universities, and 4-year private colleges. Most 4-year public university students failed to meet objective criteria for SLD. In contrast, most 4-year private college students met objective criteria based on significant ability-achievement discrepancies, and most 2-year public college students met objective criteria based on normative deficits in achievement and cognitive processing. Students who met objective criteria also differed significantly in degree of academic impairment. The authors' findings indicate qualitative differences in SLD across postsecondary settings and have implications for the identification and mitigation of SLD in college students. PMID:21421937

Weis, Robert; Sykes, Lauryn; Unadkat, Devanshi

2012-01-01

233

Using advocacy to safeguard older people with learning disabilities.  

PubMed

Older people with learning disabilities may be viewed as potentially vulnerable and therefore in need of safeguarding. Advocacy should be part of the safeguarding process and is useful to ensure the views of older people with learning disabilities are communicated. The role of nurses in advocating for individuals in their care has been made clear by the Nursing and Midwifery Council. However, advocacy is not without risks and dilemmas for nurses and at times they may need to take an indirect role by promoting self-advocacy and independent advocacy. PMID:22900394

Jenkins, Robert

2012-07-01

234

Verbal learning and memory as measured by the Rey-Auditory Verbal Learning Test: ADHD with and without learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary purpose of the present study is to examine the effects of attention deficits, learning disability, and the combined effects of both on the learning and memory processes, as measured by the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (AVLT). Thirty children (age range 12–17) diagnosed with attention deficit\\/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), 18 children (age range 11–17) diagnosed with learning disabilities (LD),

Eli Vakil; Haya Blachstein; Raya Wertman-Elad; Yoram Greenstein

2012-01-01

235

Verbal learning and memory as measured by the Rey-Auditory Verbal Learning Test: ADHD with and without learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary purpose of the present study is to examine the effects of attention deficits, learning disability, and the combined effects of both on the learning and memory processes, as measured by the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (AVLT). Thirty children (age range 12–17) diagnosed with attention deficit\\/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), 18 children (age range 11–17) diagnosed with learning disabilities (LD),

Eli Vakil; Haya Blachstein; Raya Wertman-Elad; Yoram Greenstein

2011-01-01

236

Involving users with learning difficulties in health improvement: lessons from inclusive learning disability research.  

PubMed

In this paper the author considers the lessons to be drawn from what is termed "inclusive" learning disability research for user involvement around health improvement. Inclusive learning disability research refers to research where people with learning difficulties (intellectual disability) are involved as active participants, as opposed to passive subjects. There is by now a considerable body of such research, developed over the past 25 years. From the review, the author draws attention to areas which can inform practice in involvement of users in a way that adds value. PMID:14962347

Walmsley, Jan

2004-03-01

237

Learning Disabilities and Employment before and in the Americans with Disabilities Act Era: Progress or a Bridge Too Far?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) and its amendments have been in existence for a little more than twenty years. Title One, which pertains to employment, has had a bearing on employment for persons with disabilities, particularly the high incidence category of learning disabilities, who for the most part work in competitive…

Gerber, Paul J.; Batalo, Cecilia G.; Achola, Edwin O.

2011-01-01

238

Do semantic memory deficiencies underlie learning disabled readers' encoding processes?  

PubMed

This study investigates the extent to which learning disabled readers' atypical encoding relates to their deficiencies in semantic memory. Inferences related to ability group performance were based on the assumption that encoding involves the matching of incoming information against a featural representation of that information in semantic memory. To this end, learning disabled and nondisabled readers in two age groups were compared on dichotic listening recall tasks that included orienting and nonorienting instructions. Orienting instructions directed children's attention toward semantic, phonemic, or structural word features. Dependent measures were lateralization, free recall, retrieval organization, and selective attention. The efficiency of allocating attentional resources was inferred from correlations between central and incidental recall. Primary results included the following: Disabled and nondisabled readers' ear asymmetry differences were dependent upon age, orienting instructions, and type of word list; disabled readers' recall and organization scores were lower than skilled readers'; however, both ability groups benefitted from orienting instructions compared to nonorienting instructions; during orienting instructions, disabled readers were less able than skilled readers to divide their attention between target and nontarget word features, especially during interhemispheric processing conditions; and the relative efficiency of allocating attentional resources differed qualitatively between the two ability groups. The results suggest that ability group variations reflect the structure of the memory trace in interaction with ear presentation and encoding processes. It is inferred that disabled readers' inferior memory traces reflect the quantity and internal coherence of information stored in semantic memory as well as the means by which such information is accessed. PMID:3734691

Swanson, H L

1986-06-01

239

Systemic Family Therapy Using the Reflecting Team: The Experiences of Adults with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research aimed to illuminate the experiences of adults with learning disabilities of the reflecting team, in the context of their systemic family therapy. Five adults with learning disabilities were recruited from one community learning disability team. A qualitative design using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) was appropriate…

Anslow, Katharine

2014-01-01

240

Awareness among Teachers of Learning Disabilities in Students at Different Board Levels  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning disability is a complex phenomenon to understand. There are many connotations of learning disabilities thus even today it creates confusion in the mind of the general public and the professionals. Learning disability is a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or using spoken or written…

Mehta, Deepti

2006-01-01

241

Physiological Uniqueness: A New Perspective on the Learning Disabled/Gifted Child.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A body of psychoeducational data were gathered on 11 children (ages 8-14) who were gifted and learning disabled. Results from brain imaging and vision testing for hyperacuity and contrast sensitivity suggest that the interaction of high ability and learning disability results in brain and vision patterns unique to the learning-disabled/gifted…

Bireley, Marlene; And Others

1992-01-01

242

A Rapid Screening Measure for the Identification of Visuospatial Learning Disability in Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Verbal and nonverbal forms of developmental learning disabilities have been reported. Whereas there are several instruments for evaluating children for the presence of verbal learning disabilities at school, no screening tool is available to identify children who have nonverbal learning disabilities. This study aimed at devising and validating a short screening questionnaire that can be used by teach- ers in

Cesare Cornoldi; Annalena Venneri; Fabio Marconato; Adriana Molin; Cinzia Montinari

2003-01-01

243

The Effects of Learning Disabilities on a Child's Self-Concept.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The review of the literature focuses on research assessing the effects of learning disabilities on a child's self-concept. After an introduction, definitions of "learning disabilities" and "self-concept" are offered. The literature on effects of learning disabilities on self-concept in elementary, middle, and high school age children is then…

Avazian, Karyn Lorraine Wood

244

Frames of Reference for the Assessment of Learning Disabilities: New Views on Measurement Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book offers 27 papers addressing critical issues in the assessment of students with all kinds of learning disabilities. Papers have the following titles and authors: "Critical Issues in the Measurement of Learning Disabilities" (G. Reid Lyon); "A Matrix of Decision Points in the Measurement of Learning Disabilities" (Barbara K. Keogh);…

Lyon, G. Reid, Ed.

245

Gender Identity, Cross-Dressing and Gender Reassignment and People with Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The inspiring article by Daniel Wilson describes many of the issues central to working with men with learning disabilities who have gender identity needs, and highlights key areas on which learning disability services need to focus. I work as a clinical psychologist in a community learning disability team in East London, and have a particular interest in sexuality and gender.

Natasha Alexander

2006-01-01

246

A Study of Medical Students and Physicians Referred for Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluation of 86 medical students and physicians, referred for possible learning problems, found that most subjects had either a learning disability or attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); 21 subjects had a reading learning disability; and 15 had both a reading disability and ADHD. Sequential information processing appeared to be the…

Banks, Steven R.; And Others

1995-01-01

247

Primary health care provision for people with learning disabilities: a survey of parents  

Microsoft Academic Search

A survey on the accessibility and experience of primary health care by parents of people with learning disabilities was conducted. A postal questionnaire was sent to 40 parents of clients with a learning disability (aged 4-56) to elicit views and opinions concerning the delivery of primary health care to people with learning disabilities in the UK. The response rate was

J. Ng

1998-01-01

248

Impact of Various Instructional Strategies for Enhancing Mathematical Skills of Learning Disabled Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aim: The current study tested the comparative efficacy of various strategies on basic mathematical skills of learning disabled children. Methods: Learning disabled children were randomly assigned to multimedia, cognitive, eclectic and control conditions. Assessment included the use of IQ, Diagnostic Test of Learning Disability, and Pre and…

Kaur, Taranjit; Kohli, Tehal; Devi, Batani

2008-01-01

249

Implications of Learning Theories for Adult Instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

A review was undertaken which (A) divided the major learn ing theories currently adhered to into three approaches: 1. be haviorism, 2. neo-behaviorism, and 3. cognitivism; (B) summarized the central constructs of eight prominent learning theories; (C) delineated the explicit implications of each learning model for in struction and compared the theories along several dimensions; (D) presented an integrated discussion

Samuel S. Dubin; Morris Okun

1973-01-01

250

Racial Storylines and Implications for Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we theorize the relation between race and schooling and consider the implications for learning. While the body of research on culture and learning has come to define learning as an inherently cultural and social process, scholars have few theoretical tools to help us think about the role of race and racism in relation to students'…

Nasir, N. S.; Snyder, C. R.; Shah, N.; Ross, K. M.

2012-01-01

251

University Staff Members' Attitudes and Knowledge about Learning Disabilities and Disability Support Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation examined university staff members' attitudes towards students with learning disabilities (LD) at the postsecondary level. Although prior research has examined university faculty perceptions of students with LD, little is known about staff members' attitudes and perceptions. A survey instrument was administered to approximately…

Murray, Christopher; Flannery, Brigid K.; Wren, Carol

2008-01-01

252

Dyslexia and Learning Disabilities in Canada and the UK: The Impact of Its Disability Employment Laws  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of employment laws pertaining to individuals with learning disabilities in Canada and dyslexia in the UK were investigated via the extant research literature. Currently, there is very little research in this area despite Canada and the UK having laws in effect for decades. Surprisingly, their laws have been revamped despite an absence…

Gerber, Paul J.; Batalo, Cecilia G.; Achola, Edwin O.

2012-01-01

253

Screening for learning disabilities in preadolescents using psychosocial disability markers—a pilot study  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE: Learning disabilities (LD) are among the most common developmental and psychiatric disorders encountered by pediatricians, yet many children are not adequately diagnosed or treated in elementary school when intervention is most effective. Because of the well-known co-morbidity between psychosocial problems and LD, this pilot study sought to utilize psychosocial “markers” to screen for unidentified LD among all fifth graders

SG Austin; MG Cherkes-Julkowski; JD Ford

2000-01-01

254

Signals of Learning Disabilities at Various Developmental Stages. Children with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes signs of possible learning disabilities in early childhood, during the elementary grades, in middle school, in high school, and in college students and other adults. Includes a table differentiating 25 characteristics of individuals with dyslexia and attention-deficit disorder. (KB)

Pickering, Joyce S.

2002-01-01

255

The identification and performance of gifted students with learning disability diagnoses: a quantitative synthesis.  

PubMed

Much has been written about gifted students with learning disabilities, but there have been few large-scale empirical investigations, and the concept has proven controversial. The authors reviewed the available empirical literature on these students, focusing on (a) the criteria by which the students were identified and (b) the students' performance on standardized tests of ability and achievement. In addition, the test scores of these students were aggregated to determine typical performance levels. A total of 46 empirical articles were reviewed, and major findings included wide variability in identification criteria across studies, frequent reliance on dubious methods of learning disability identification, and a lack of academic impairment among the identified students. Implications for the "gifted/LD" category are discussed. PMID:22057201

Lovett, Benjamin J; Sparks, Richard L

2013-01-01

256

Live It, Learn It: The Academic Club Methodology for Students with Learning Disabilities and ADHD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Improve school success for students who have learning disabilities and ADHD with "Academic Clubs," the proven learning-by-doing approach presented in this energizing guidebook. Sally Smith--the highly respected founder of the Lab Schools, where 95% of students with learning problems go on to college--shows elementary school educators how to…

Smith, Sally L.

2004-01-01

257

Peer mediation intervention for scaffolding self?regulated learning among children with learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effect of a peer mediation intervention on self?regulated learning of students with learning disabilities. The research captured both process and outcomes of peer tutoring following the tutors’ experience of the intervention programme. Tutors’ self?regulated learning was measured by modifications in mediation styles (process of tutoring) and capacity to benefit from

Adina Shamir; Tamar Lazerovitz

2007-01-01

258

Cooperative Learning in Physical Education and Acceptance of Students with Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the effect of cooperative learning on the acceptance of mainstream students with academic learning disabilities in physical education and the links between their athletic abilities and the acceptance by their regular counterparts. Eight sixth grade classes (Mage = 11.8 years) practiced either in a cooperative learning structure (n = 105) or individual structure (n = 112). The

Amael André; Pascale Deneuve; Benoit Louvet

2011-01-01

259

University Teaching with a Disability: Student Learnings beyond the Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research examines the learning experience of university students who were tutored by a teacher with quadriplegia mixed type cerebral palsy. It was inspired by Pritchard's [2010. "Disabled People as Culturally Relevant Teachers." "Journal of Social Inclusion" 1 (1): 43-51] argument that the presence of people with a…

Sheridan, Lynnaire; Kotevski, Suzanne

2014-01-01

260

Adult Literacy, Learning Disabilities, and Technology: An Annotated Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a total of 48 references and annotations of works published after 1995 that are in some way related to the topic of adult literacy, learning disabilities, and technology. The first part of the document presents annotations of 30 online articles, journal articles, books, and book articles devoted to the following topics:…

Williams, Jean

261

Two decades of research on learning disabilities in India.  

PubMed

This paper describes a range of research studies relating to learning disabilities in India during the last two decades. Attention is called to the existence of many different languages within India. Standardized and teacher-made tools have been developed for assessment and remediation purposes. The paper ends by making some suggestions for further research. PMID:11129452

Ramaa, S

2000-01-01

262

Learning Disabilities: A Practitioner's Scriptal Accommodation of More Recent Trends.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for teachers of students with learning disabilities, the paper reviews recent trends in research. The importance and the difficulty of keeping up with new developments in the field are noted. Research and theoretical considerations are presented for the following topic areas: definition and identification difficulties (including,…

Majsterek, David J.

263

Nondiscriminatory Assessment: Issues and Impact. Eligibility for Learning Disabilities Classes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association in New York City in September, 1976, the paper sets forth the position that, in general, the individual requirements that allow a student to be classified as learning disabled are subtle but significant contributors to an assessment that discriminates against pupils from…

Tucker, James A.

264

Cognitive and Emotional Factors in Children with Mathematical Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emotional and cognitive factors were examined in 18 children with mathematical learning disabilities (MLD), compared with 18 normally achieving children, matched for chronological age, school level, gender and verbal IQ. Working memory, short-term memory, inhibitory processes, speed of processing and level of anxiety in mathematics were assessed…

Passolunghi, Maria Chiara

2011-01-01

265

Social Stereotyping in Children with Learning Disabilities: Myth or Reality?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Actual and perceived social relations and teacher ratings of social competence in 20 learning disabled (LD) and 20 nonLD children (mean age 11 years) were investigated. A sociometric group included 200 nonLD children in classrooms attended by both groups. Children completed sociometric and social network questionnaires along with the Perceived…

Hoyle, Sally G.; Serafica, Felicisima C.

266

Assessment of English Language Learners with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifying English language learners (ELLs) with learning disabilities has become very important in education settings so that appropriate educational services can be provided to this group of students. Linguistic diversity may increase the measurement error and reduce the reliability of assessments. This article discusses the issues with…

Chu, Szu-Yin; Flores, Sobeida

2011-01-01

267

Culturally Responsive Instruction for English Language Learners with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study describes the culturally responsive instruction of one special education teacher with Latino English language learners (ELLs) with learning disabilities in an urban elementary school setting. This study was situated in a social constructivist research based framework. In investigating this instruction with ELLs, this study focused…

Orosco, Michael John; O'Connor, Rollanda

2014-01-01

268

Meeting the needs of learning disabled gifted students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to provide information about learning disabled gifted students. A rationale is given for providing enrichment activities within the framework of a gifted program. Identification strategies are discussed. Program ideas using the Enrichment Triad Model are offered.

Susan Baum

1984-01-01

269

Revisiting Debates on Learning Disabilities in Adult Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the 1980s, educators in adult basic education and special education have speculated that a substantial if unknown percentage of adults have specific learning disabilities (LDs) and have sought to identify and address effectively the needs of these learners. Two rarely intersecting bodies of historical literature on LDs provide the background…

Belzer, Alisa; Ross-Gordon, Jovita

2011-01-01

270

The Apophasis of Limits: Genius, Madness, and Learning Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, the author sidles up to the "problema" of identifying children as having a learning disability (LD) in the USA to ascertain what an analysis of limping characters, limping readers and limping rhythms might teach individuals about justice. In much current educational literature children labelled LD circulate as "maimed individuals"…

Baker, Bernadette

2007-01-01

271

Employment Satisfaction of University Graduates with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because of its significant impact on overall life satisfaction, employment satisfaction is one marker for determining successful adult outcomes. The present investigation reports the perceptions of employment satisfaction for 500 graduates with learning disabilities from three postsecondary institutions. The graduates reported high levels of…

Madaus, Joseph W.; Zhao, Jiarong; Ruban, Lilia

2008-01-01

272

Central Park: A Humanities Curriculum for Children with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual reflects the highlights of an urban park study developed and tested over a 6-year period at the Churchill School, an elementary school for children with learning disabilities. This book makes possible an integrated study that develops understandings in natural science and the social studies along with reading, writing, and language…

Wurtzel, Claire

273

Teaching social perceptual skills to students with learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated the effects of descriptive feedback and reinforcement on the acquisition and exhibition of social perceptual skills in three students with identified learning disabilities and social perceptual deficits. The students rated their teacher's affect based on six emotions, and received feedback regarding the accuracy of their ratings plus reinforcement for accurate ratings. Descriptive feedback and reinforcement resulted in a

Andrew B. Sandier; Jane Y. Murdock; Elizabeth Dofny; Paul J. Gerber

1991-01-01

274

Use of Biofeedback/Relaxation Procedures with Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report covers a series of investigations on the effects of biofeedback/muscle relaxation training on the academic achievement of learning disabled (LD) students. In the first study, 32 LD elementary school students made gains in all measures except arithmetic following electromyograph biofeedback/relaxation treatment. Implementation of the…

Carter, John L.; Russell, Harold L.

275

Toward Objectivity in Diagnosing Learning Disabilities: Refinement of Established Procedures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Variability in diagnostic procedures and a lack of valid and reliable measures led to the development of a comprehensive battery, which incorporated an operational definition of learning disabilities. The battery consisted of forms for observing these functions: intelligence, academic achievement, gross and fine motor control, visual perception,…

Goodman, Marvin; Mina, Elias

276

Ethical and Empirical Considerations in the Identification of Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors encourage those in the field of school psychology to consider the use of learning disabilities assessment practices in relation to specific American Psychological Association and National Association of School Psychologists ethical codes and in regard to the American Educational Research Association, American Psychological Association,…

Dombrowski, Stefan C.; Gischlar, Karen L.

2014-01-01

277

Football fandom, social inclusion and learning disability: opportunities and constraints  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Britain, within the contemporary drive to use sport to tackle the isolation of socially excluded groups, football (soccer) fandom has been suggested in many policy documents as a possible site for enabling people with learning disabilities to become more socially included. Forming the basic theoretical work for my doctoral research, this paper provides a critical analysis of this so

Kris Southby

2011-01-01

278

Realizing the Gifts of Diversity Among Students with Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gifts of diversity is a powerful idea proposed in the Mathematics Framework for California Public Schools. A call is made for diversity to be considered positively as a gift rather than negatively as a challenge (California Department of Education, 1991). We propose that students with learning disabilities (LD) who are from culturally and linguistically diverse (CLD) backgrounds have gifts that

Patrick B. Scott

279

Development and Validation of the Smith Learning Disabilities Screen.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes a learning disabilities (LD) questionnaire administered to 150 adults including college and university students, and adults referred to a psychoeducational clinic for assessment or treatment related to LD. Finds that the LD screening test had internal consistency and good test-retest reliability, as well as criterion validity. Finds…

Wiener, Judith; Smith, Catherine M.

1999-01-01

280

Resiliency Instructional Tactics: African American Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools and classrooms, if well conceived, can serve as protective environments for the positive development of African American students with learning disabilities (LD) (Keogh & Weisner, 1993). Many African American students who lack resiliency often struggle with life's challenges and may be predisposed to negative outcomes in life, so the focus…

Jones, Vita L.

2011-01-01

281

The Uses of Hypnotherapy with Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explored the impact of group hypnotic and self-hypnotic training on the academic performance and self-esteem of learning disabled (LD) children. Important predictors of self-esteem improvement were the child's hypnotic susceptibility score and self-hypnotic practice by children and parents. Hypnotherapy is of potential benefit to self-esteem…

Johnson, Lynn S.; And Others

1981-01-01

282

Meta-Attention in Learning Disabled and Normal Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Forty-nine learning disabled (LD) and 47 normal children (7 to 11 years old) were probed on their awareness of attentional processes. In a second experiment, performance on the meta-attentional tasks was related to academic achievement for 54 LD children after academic intervention. (Author/SB)

Loper, Ann B.; And Others

1982-01-01

283

Implementing CRA with Secondary Students with Learning Disabilities in Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students with learning disabilities struggle to acquire essential mathematical concepts and skills, especially at the secondary level. One effective approach to improving secondary math performance supported by research is the concrete-to-representational-to-abstract (CRA) sequence of instruction. Although CRA is an evidenced-based instructional…

Witzel, Bradley S.; Riccomini, Paul J.; Schneider, Elke

2008-01-01

284

Growth in Emotional Intelligence. Psychotherapy with a Learning Disabled Girl  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the once-weekly psychoanalytic psychotherapy of a girl, called Ellie, aged eight at the start of her treatment. Ellie had a learning disability and displayed difficult behaviour at school and at home. In her therapy, Ellie grew in emotional intelligence, more in touch with and able to express her feelings. Her behaviour…

Chantrell, Sue

2009-01-01

285

Assessment and Rehabilitation of Learning-Disabled Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the assessment processes (psychological and neuropsychological) used in the rehabilitation of learning disabled adults in a study of 130 vocational rehabilitation clients. Results indicated type of assessment was related to length of service but did not influence overall outcome. Only about half the clients were successfully…

McCue, Michael

1984-01-01

286

Learning Disabilities in Adulthood: Persisting Problems and Evolving Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides a multifaceted view of learning disabilities in adulthood through the efforts of many contributors who offer a diversity of perceptions and expertise. The focus spans from young to late adulthood and reflects state-of-the-art knowledge and the best practices of the field. The topic areas are clustered into psychological,…

Gerber, Paul J., Ed.; Reiff, Henry B., Ed.

287

The Vulnerability and Sexual Abuse of People with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In his capacity as a Clinical Psychologist the author provides psychological support to people with learning disabilities living in hospital and in the community. Frequently, the problem behaviour highlighted in referral letters (such as sexualized behaviour, anger management or self-harm) is formulated as relating to a past history of abuse and…

Peckham, Nicholas Guy

2007-01-01

288

New Angles on Motor and Sensory Coordination in Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of presentations that were included in the Medical Symposium at the 1998 Learning Disabilities Association conference. The symposium addressed vestibular control and eye movement, postural sway and balance, cerebellar dysfunction, the role of the frontal lobe, developmental coordination disorder, and sensory integration…

Goldey, Ellen S.

1998-01-01

289

The Relationship of Self-Esteem and Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Self esteem in the learning disabled (LD) child is considered in terms of family, school, and peer influences. A review of the literature points out that the LD child seems to have a greater need than the normal child for parental support which helps to establish high self esteem. Performance, and not potential, appears to be the more important…

Rowley, Joan E.

290

Specific Learning Disabilities and the Portuguese Educational System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the Portuguese educational system advocates the accommodation of all students in regular schools, it has not adopted a coherent discourse that would contribute to meeting effectively the needs of students with specific learning disabilities (SLD). As such, the successive reorganizations of special education have resulted in uninformed…

Correia, Luis de Miranda; Martins, Ana Paula Loucao

2007-01-01

291

Identifying Specific Learning Disability: Is Responsiveness to Intervention the Answer?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Responsiveness to intervention (RTI) is being proposed as an alternative model for making decisions about the presence or absence of specific learning disability. I argue that there are many questions about RTI that remain unanswered, and radical changes in proposed regulations are not warranted at this time. Many fundamental issues related to RTI are unresolved, and a better strategy may

Kenneth A. Kavale

2005-01-01

292

Rodin, Patton, Edison, Wilson, Einstein: Were They Really Learning Disabled?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The practice of posthumously diagnosing historical figures is discussed. Emphasis is on the unsatisfactory nature of evidence found for those diagnosed as learning-disabled or dyslexic and the possibility of other explanations for identified problems. Posthumous diagnoses of Auguste Rodin, George Patton, Thomas Edison, Woodrow Wilson, and Albert…

Adelman, Kimberly A.; Adelman, Howard S.

1987-01-01

293

The Prevention of Learning Disability through Deficit Centered Classroom Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes the development of an instrument to identify and diagnose developmental deficits at age 5 and the planning of a deficit centered training curriculum to prevent learning disabilities. An evaluation of the effectiveness of this curriculum, based on measures of the children's developmental growth and their academic achievement…

Sapir, Selma G.

294

Working with Learning Disabled Writers: Some Perspectives. Research to Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although most learning disabled (LD) adult learners have a strong desire to enhance their writing skills, many obstacles hinder their success. Characteristics of LD students found in their writing or actions include the following: frustration; poor study/note taking skills; test anxiety; lack of social skills; a difficult time following oral…

Bardine, Bryan

295

Qualitative Differences in Learning Disabilities across Postsecondary Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many college students receiving accommodations for specific learning disability (SLD) do not meet objective criteria for the disorder. Furthermore, whether students meet criteria depends on the diagnostic decision model used by their clinician. The authors examined whether the relationship between diagnostic model and likelihood of meeting…

Weis, Robert; Sykes, Lauryn; Unadkat, Devanshi

2012-01-01

296

Parent Involvement in Transition Planning for Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Post-secondary education is a path that many individuals take after high school. For students with learning disabilities, post-secondary education is an attainable goal regardless of the academic difficulties they may face. In order to make a successful transition to postsecondary education, it is necessary that students, as well as parents are…

Bailey, Shelley Henthorne

2009-01-01

297

Pre-Kindergarten Prescriptive Teaching Program for Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is the pre-kindergarten prescriptive teaching program for learning disabled children including inventories and six instructional components: language arts, mathematics, science, health, motor skill development, and social experiences. Components consist of sequenced skills (identified as essential by kindergarten and first grade…

Fargo Public Schools, ND.

298

Comprehension of Temporal References in Normal and Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study involving 54 learning disabled (LD) students (7 to 11 years old) and 54 regular class students (3 to 7 years old) investigated the developmental patterns for the comprehension of complex temporal references. Three types of stimulus sentences were designed to test the comprehension of temporal references employing the temporal…

Thypin, Marilyn

299

Adults with Learning Disabilities. Theoretical and Practical Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains 16 chapters dealing with services for adults with learning disabilities (LDs). "Adults with LDs" (Noel Gregg, Carolyn Phillips) questions whether the prevalent paradigm that advocates the self-contained individual is an obstacle to adults with LDs. "Paradigms" (Noel Gregg, Beth Ferri) describes theories that have contributed to…

Gregg, Noel, Ed.; And Others

300

GENERAL INFORMATION The definition of a learning disability may  

E-print Network

be demonstrated in one or more of the following areas: 1. Oral expression-use of spoken language to communicate-appropriate 3. Written expression- ability to communicate ideas effectively in writing with appropriate language is as follows: Specific Learning Disability is a disorder in one of the basic psychological processes involved

Almor, Amit

301

Six Strategies for Teaching Reading Comprehension to Learning Disabled Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper describes six skills that can be used to improve the reading comprehension of learning disabled students. The skills can be utilized in a reading program or with reading in a content area. Examples from particular models of instruction are provided as well as a rationale for each. The skills may be used either individually, as a…

Manzone, Christine A.

302

Use of the dichotic listening technique with learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dichotic listening (DL) techniques have been used extensively as a non-invasive procedure to assess language lateralization among children with and without learning disabilities (LD), and with individuals who have other auditory system related brain disorders. Results of studies using DL have indicated that language is lateralized in children with LD and that the lateralized language asymmetries do not develop after

John E. Obrzut; Emery B. Mahoney

2011-01-01

303

Learning Disabilities: Debates on Definitions, Causes, Subtypes, and Responses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students with difficulties in specific cognitive processes and academic achievement with otherwise normal levels of intellectual functioning are classified as having a learning disability (LD). In spite of extensive recent research in a number of disciplines, controversial debate continues with regard to several issues. To reconcile some of them…

Buttner, Gerhard; Hasselhorn, Marcus

2011-01-01

304

Vigilance Deficit in Learning Disabled Children: A Signal Detection Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tested whether learning disabled children start a vigilance task (1) with the same capacity or detectability as nondisabled children but decline as time on task increases; (2) at a lower level of stimulus detectability due to a reduced capacity for information processing but do not decline in attention faster than nondisabled children. (Author/DB)

Swanson, Lee

1981-01-01

305

Learning Disabilities. What Research Says to the Teacher.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The booklet discusses research on characteristics and remediation approaches for children with learning disabilities (LD). Initial sections consider definitions, prevalence and causes of LD, while a fourth chapter reviews such LD characteristics as attention disorders, visual-perceptual difficulties, and memory disorders. Also considered are…

Johnson, Donald H.; Johnson, Leah J.

306

The cognitive phenotype of Turner syndrome: Specific learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Global descriptors of the cognitive phenotype of Turner syndrome are well established and are thus commonly referred to. For example, Turner syndrome is a proposed etiology of the nonverbal learning disability – because of reported relative strengths in verbal skills, and relatively weaker nonverbal skills – particularly in arithmetic, select visuospatial skills, and processing speed. This profile is observed throughout

Michèle M. M. Mazzocco

2006-01-01

307

Gifted Students with Learning Disabilities: Who Are They?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More than 20 years ago, psychologists first described gifted students with learning disabilities (LD). In the past decade, several sets of identification criteria have been proposed for this population. Many of the suggested assessment practices are unsupported by research in psychoeducational assessment, and some have been directly contradicted…

Lovett, Benjamin J.; Lewandowski, Lawrence J.

2006-01-01

308

Psychological Adjustment and Family Functioning of Boys with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parent reports of behavioral and family functioning for 59 learning-disabled (LD) boys and 65 nondisabled boys aged 6-12 years found higher incidence of behavior problems among LD boys. Families of LD boys more frequently exhibited disturbed family functioning, although the boys in those families showed no more behavior problems than boys of other…

Michaels, Carolyn R.; Lewandowski, Lawrence J.

1990-01-01

309

Modes of Imprinted Gene Action in Learning Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: It is now widely acknowledged that there may be a genetic contribution to learning disability and neuropsychiatric disorders, stemming from evidence provided by family, twin and adoption studies, and from explicit syndromic conditions. Recently it has been recognized that in some cases the presentation of genetic syndromes (or discrete…

Isles, A. R.; Humby, T.

2006-01-01

310

A Longitudinal Perspective on Risk for Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes an ongoing longitudinal study in Kauai (Hawaii) begun in 1955, which is following the course of all births to adulthood and assessing the long-term consequences of perinatal complications and adverse child-rearing conditions. Specifically reported is a subset of data on 22 children (diagnosed as having learning disabilities

Werner, Emmy E.

311

Teaching Multiplication with Regrouping to Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Common Core Standards require demonstration of conceptual knowledge of numbers, operations, and relations between mathematical concepts. Supplemental instruction should explicitly guide students with specific learning disabilities (SLD) in these skills. In this article, we illustrate implementation of the concrete-representational-abstract…

Flores, Margaret M.; Hinton, Vanessa M.; Schweck, Kelly B.

2014-01-01

312

Strategy Training and Attributional Feedback With Learning Disabled Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this experiment, we investigated how verbalization of subtraction with regrouping operations influenced learning disabled students' self-efficacy and skillful performance and also explored how effort-attributional feedback affected these achievement behaviors. Students received training and solved problems over sessions. Students in the first condition verbalized aloud while solving problems (continuous verbalization), those in the second condition verbalized only during the first

Dale H. Schunk; Paula D. Cox

1986-01-01

313

Foreign Languages and Learning Disabled Students: Research and Potential Solutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the latest research on the struggles learning disabled (LD) students have in the foreign language (FL) classroom. Over the last ten years, there have been significant advancements in recognizing the fact that LD students do in fact face greater obstacles when acquiring a FL than their peers do. Over the past five years, advances have been made

Todd Christopher Wheelden

2001-01-01

314

Designing Online Instruction for Postsecondary Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research details the methodologies that could be used to better deliver online course content to students with learning disabilities. Research has shown how the design of the course affects the students' attitudes and performance. This article details the methodology and pedagogical side of the delivery including instructional methods that…

Simoncelli, Andrew; Hinson, Janice

2010-01-01

315

Learning Disabled Students' Performance on the Child Behavior Checklist  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research to date on the behavioral and emotional problems of learning disabled students has focused mainly on young boys. A majority of the studies in this area have been done by Michael Epstein (Epstein, Cullinan, & Rosemier, 1983; Epstein & Cullinan, 1984; Epstein, Cullinan, & Neiminen, 1984; Epstein, Bursack, & Cullinan, 1985; Epstein, Cullinan, & Lloyd, 1986). He used

DawnWright

1992-01-01

316

Effectiveness of Dysphagia Training for Adult Learning Disabilities Support Workers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effectiveness of a 1-day dysphagia training package delivered to support workers who work with adults with a learning disability. Thirty-eight support staff took part in this study. Twenty-five support staff received training, and 13 did not receive training and therefore acted as a control group. Three questionnaires…

Tredinnick, Gerlind; Cocks, Naomi

2014-01-01

317

Learning among Older Adults with Lifelong Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article includes a description of conceptions of aging and engagement with learning for 16 older people (52 to 80 years; mean age 62 years) with a lifelong intellectual disability. The sample also included the care workers and family member/friend. The older people had sufficient verbal skills to participate in the interviews. Half the sample…

Boulton-Lewis, G. M.; Buys, L.; Tedman-Jones, J.

2008-01-01

318

Reading Miscues of College Students with and without Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using authentic materials, this study compared the oral reading miscues of 20 university students with reading related learning disabilities to 20 controls matched for age, gender, ethnicity, college GPA, reading achievement score, and college of major. All participants orally read two passages with different text structures from a college…

Warde, Beverly A.

2005-01-01

319

Clinical Assessment of Adult Sexual Offenders with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessment and treatment of adults with learning disabilities who commit sexual offences presents a number of challenges. Much of the professional forensic and psychiatric literature on work with this group concentrates on the development of interventions based on theoretical models of sexual offending originating from the mainstream criminal…

Tudway, Jeremy A.; Darmoody, Malcolm

2005-01-01

320

Variability of Performance: A "Signature" Characteristic of Learning Disabled Children?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two studies were conducted to compare the performance instability of children (grades 3-9) labeled learning disabled/brain injured (LD/BI) to the performance instability of emotionally handicapped (EH) children. In the first study, 50 LD/BI and 37 EH students were measured on three third grade reading passages twice, once within one sitting and…

Fuchs, Douglas; And Others

321

Computer-Guided Diagnosis of Learning Disabilities: A Prototype.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A computer based diagnostic system to assist educators in the assessment of learning disabled children aged 8 to 10 years in the area of reading is described and evaluated. The system is intended to guide the diagnosis of reading problems through step by step analysis of available data and requests for additional data. The system provides a…

Colbourn, Marlene Jones

322

Adult Learning Disabilities Screening Using an Internet-Administered Instrument  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifying individuals with specific learning disabilities (SLD) is a complex task, particularly for adult populations. Adult agencies such as vocational rehabilitative services or adult basic education often use different SLD definitions and criteria, are often understaffed, have limited resources, and have a shortage of staff trained on SLD…

Lancaster, Sean; Mellard, Daryl

2005-01-01

323

Strategies for Adapting Science Textbooks for Youth with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper offers a rationale for modifying textbooks for secondary students with learning disabilities who are taught in general education classes. Recent research on the uses of study guides, graphic organizers, vocabulary drills, and computer-assisted instruction is reviewed, and guidelines for selecting appropriate uses of these strategies are…

Lovitt, Thomas C.; Horton, Steven V.

1994-01-01

324

The Actuarial Turn in the Science of Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the mid-1970s, Donald Hammill and his colleagues authored three scathing critiques of the two most trusted scientific traditions of learning disability treatment--movement education and psycholinguistic training (Hammill, 1972; Hammill & Larsen, 1974; Hammill, Goodman, & Wiederholt, 1974). These critical reviews of research rejected the older…

Danforth, Scot

2011-01-01

325

Peer-Mediated Teaching and Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer-mediated instruction holds particular promise as an effective educational strategy for children with learning disabilities. When properly implemented, peer-mediated instructional approaches permit active engagement, frequent opportunities to respond, immediate error correction, prompt feedback on the correctness of responses, and motivational…

Harper, Gregory F.; Maheady, Larry

2007-01-01

326

Current Best Practices in Learning Disabilities in Israel  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We present an analysis of the current state of practice in the diagnosis and treatment of learning disabilities (LD) in Israel. Through an examination of the cultural, historical, and demographic background of the country ("deep structures"), we show how a fragmented society has developed; it segregates different ethnicities and social groups and…

Gumpel, Thomas P.; Sharoni, Varda

2007-01-01

327

Genetic Influences on Learning Disabilities and Speech and Language Disorders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Comprehensively reviews known examples of genetically influenced learning disabilities and speech and language disorders, including familial dyslexia, stuttering, and other speech and language disorders, as well as sex-chromosome anomalies, treated PKU, and minor auto-somal anomalies. (Author/RH)

Pennington, Bruce F.

1983-01-01

328

Depression among Students with Learning Disabilities: Assessing the Risk  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers have found that students with learning disabilities (LD) obtain statistically higher scores on measures of depression than their peers without LD. However, what is not known is whether students with LD display greater levels of clinical depression than their peers without LD. If they do, then special education services should address…

Maag, John W.; Reid, Robert

2006-01-01

329

Investigating Elementary Mathematics Curricula: Focus on Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate three elementary mathematics curricula to examine the accessibility for students with learning disabilities (LD) with regards to challenges associated with working memory. We chose to focus on students' experiences when finding the area of composite shapes due to the multiple steps involved for…

Hord, Casey; Newton, Jill A.

2014-01-01

330

Learning Disabilities: A National Responsibility. Summit on Learning Disabilities (Washington, D.C., September 20-21, 1994). [Videotapes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four videocassettes provide the presentations and discussion of four panels from a 1994 summit on the nation's responsibility in relation to individuals with learning disabilities. Each panel examined issues of research, public policy and legislation, good practices, and consumer interest within its area of concentration. The first panel was on…

National Center for Learning Disabilities, Inc., New York, NY.

331

Learning Disabilities - Emotionally Disturbed: A Survey of Learning Disabilities, Public School Program in Virginia - Comparison of Program for Emotionally Disturbed.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey was conducted of Virginia public school programs during 1970-71 for children with either learning disabilities (LD) or emotional disturbances (ED). Six survey questions covered demographic information, nature of children served, actual function of teachers' roles, referral and placement procedures, and administrative planning and…

Westhead, E. C.; And Others

332

Triadic Moral Learning and Disability Awareness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since moral action often requires understanding the nature of justice and the development of empathy and compassion, moral education involves the learner's intellect, emotions and will. The lifelong learning involved is thus multifaceted and plausibly benefits from the integration of personal and political with professional learning. I explore…

Leicester, Mal

2011-01-01

333

A collective case study of nursing students with learning disabilities.  

PubMed

This collective case study described the meaning of being a nursing student with a learning disability and examined how baccalaureate nursing students with learning disabilities experienced various aspects of the nursing program. It also examined how their disabilities and previous educational and personal experiences influenced the meaning that they gave to their educational experiences. Seven nursing students were interviewed, completed a demographic data form, and submitted various artifacts (test scores, evaluation reports, and curriculum-based material) for document analysis. The researcher used Stake's model for collective case study research and analysis (1). Data analysis revealed five themes: 1) struggle, 2) learning how to learn with LD, 3) issues concerning time, 4) social support, and 5) personal stories. Theme clusters and individual variations were identified for each theme. Document analysis revealed that participants had average to above average intellectual functioning with an ability-achievement discrepancy among standardized test scores. Participants noted that direct instruction, structure, consistency, clear directions, organization, and a positive instructor attitude assisted learning. Anxiety, social isolation from peers, and limited time to process and complete work were problems faced by the participants. PMID:14535146

Kolanko, Kathrine M

2003-01-01

334

Learning disability subtypes: classification of high functioning hyperlexia.  

PubMed

This study examined 30 children with hyperlexic reading patterns and average intelligence to determine if established learning disability subtypes could be applied to these children with hyperlexia. Two groups emerged. One type showed language learning disorder patterns with good visual memory. This group also showed a high percentage of phonetic word errors. A second hyperlexic group showed signs of nonverbal learning disorder with visual spatial deficits and impaired visual memory. This latter subgroup showed few phonetic errors with more sight word errors. These findings suggest subtypes of high functioning hyperlexia, one showing language deficits characteristic of dysphasia and one showing patterns similar to visual spatial dyslexia. PMID:12174811

Richman, Lynn C; Wood, Kevin M

2002-07-01

335

Judgement of emotion by learning disabled adolescents  

E-print Network

development (Wiig and Semel, 1976) or be closely related to juvenile delinquency (Tobi as, 1977 ) . However, Schl 1efer ( 1977 ) indicates that there is very little evidence of a cause and effect relationship between learning d1sabilities and juvenile... development (Wiig and Semel, 1976) or be closely related to juvenile delinquency (Tobi as, 1977 ) . However, Schl 1efer ( 1977 ) indicates that there is very little evidence of a cause and effect relationship between learning d1sabilities and juvenile...

Rand, Carol Crumm

2012-06-07

336

LEAD 2000. Learning Enhancement for Adults with Disabilities. Final Performance and Financial Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Learning Enhancement for Adults with Disabilities (LEAD 2000) project was undertaken at Jones Learning Center of the University of the Ozarks to build a knowledge base regarding the literacy and learning needs of adults with learning disabilities (LDs) and to develop a pragmatic action plan to meet those needs. Information for the knowledge…

Spillane, Stephen A.; Newlin, E. W.

337

The Relative Effects of University Success Courses and Individualized Interventions for Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little is known about the relative effects of post-secondary learning services for students with learning disabilities. We compared outcomes for students with learning disabilities who selected to: (1) take an academic learning success course (course-intervention), (2) have regular individual interventions (high-intervention) or (3) use services…

Reed, Maureen J.; Kennett, Deborah J.; Lewis, Tanya; Lund-Lucas, Eunice; Stallberg, Carolyn; Newbold, Inez L.

2009-01-01

338

Inclusive Postsecondary Strategies for Teaching Students with Learning Disabilities: A Review of the Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One out of every 11 postsecondary undergraduates report having a disability, and students with learning disabilities are the largest and fastest growing subgroup of this population. Although faculty are becoming more comfortable with providing students with learning disabilities accommodations as mandated by federal law, many instructors are using…

Orr, Ann C.; Hammig, Sara Bachman

2009-01-01

339

Healthcare for Men and Women with Learning Disabilities: Understanding Inequalities in Access  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Healthcare for men and women with learning disabilities (known internationally as intellectual disabilities) has risen up the political agenda in the United Kingdom, propelled by a report from the charity Mencap. This report has resulted in renewed efforts, set out in "Valuing People Now", to ensure that people with learning disabilities receive…

Redley, Marcus; Banks, Carys; Foody, Karen; Holland, Anthony

2012-01-01

340

Assisting Students with Learning Disabilities Transitioning to College: What School Counselors Should Know  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning disability is an umbrella term providing a common language for a wide range of professionals, including teachers and counselors (Thomas & Woods, 2003). Neurologically based learning disabilities manifest themselves in different ways (Brinckerhoff, 1994). According to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) of 1990, students…

Milsom, Amy; Hartley, Michael T.

2005-01-01

341

The Legal Context for Serving Students with Learning Disabilities in Postsecondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The legal basis for serving students with learning disabilities at the K-12 level is predominantly derived from the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). This federal law provides for substantive education support for students with learning disabilities through an Individualized Educational Program (IEP). However, because the IDEA…

Keenan, Walter R.; Shaw, Stan F.

2011-01-01

342

Ontology-Driven Disability-Aware E-Learning Personalisation with ONTODAPS  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to show how personalisation of learning resources and services can be achieved for students with and without disabilities, particularly responding to the needs of those with multiple disabilities in e-learning systems. The paper aims to introduce ONTODAPS, the Ontology-Driven Disability-Aware Personalised…

Nganji, Julius T.; Brayshaw, Mike; Tompsett, Brian

2013-01-01

343

Molecular and Cellular Mechanisms of Learning Disabilities: A Focus on NF1  

PubMed Central

Neurofibromatosis Type I (NF1) is a single-gene disorder characterized by a high incidence of complex cognitive symptoms, including learning disabilities, attention deficit disorder, executive function deficits, and motor coordination problems. Since the underlying genetic cause of this disorder is known, study of NF1 from a molecular, cellular, and systems perspective has provided mechanistic insights into the etiology of higher-order cognitive symptoms associated with the disease. In particular, studies of animal models of NF1 indicated that disruption of Ras regulation of inhibitory networks is critical to the etiology of cognitive deficits associated with NF1. Animal models of Nf1 identified mechanisms and pathways that are required for cognition, and represent an important complement to the complex neuropsychological literature on learning disabilities associated with this condition. Here, we review findings from NF1 animal models and human populations affected by NF1, highlighting areas of potential translation and discussing the implications and limitations of generalizing findings from this single-gene disease to idiopathic learning disabilities. PMID:20345245

Shilyansky, C.; Lee, Y.S.; Silva, A.J.

2011-01-01

344

Effects of the Learning Opportunities Task Force (LOTF) Programs on Postsecondary Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effects of participation in the Learning Opportunities Task Force (LOTF) programs on postsecondary students with learning disabilities (LDs). Data regarding 969 students from 6 colleges and 4 universities in Ontario were evaluated to investigate rates of academic success and increased self-awareness. Participants had a…

Harrison, Allyson G.; Areepattamannil, Shaljan; Freeman, John

2012-01-01

345

Designing virtual learning environments for people with learning disabilities: usability issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Virtual Reality Applications Research Team (VIRART) has been developing communication and experiential Virtual Learning Environments (VLEs) for people with learning disabilities since 1991. As a human-factors-based research group, we have always been aware of usability issues and the importance of consideration of user needs and abilities in any design development process. However, the infancy of VR for use by

H R Neale; S V G Cobb; J R Wilson

2000-01-01

346

Universal Design for Learning: Critical Need Areas for People with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary market research outlined in this paper was conducted by the Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center on Technology Transfer to identify critical technology needs for people with learning disabilities. Based on the research conducted, the underlying context of these technology needs is Universal Design for Learning (UDL). The paper…

Strobel, Wendy; Arthanat, Sajay; Bauer, Stephen; Flagg, Jennifer

2007-01-01

347

Mathematics Instruction for Students with Learning Disabilities or Difficulty Learning Mathematics: A Guide for Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide for teachers is a companion piece to the meta-analysis from the Center on Instruction, "Mathematics Instruction for Students with Learning Disabilities or Difficulty Learning Mathematics: A Synthesis of the Intervention Research". Based on the findings of this report, seven effective instructional practices were identified for teaching…

Jayanthi, Madhavi; Gersten, Russell; Baker, Scott

2008-01-01

348

Wage differentials between college graduates with and without learning disabilities.  

PubMed

Wage differential studies examining legally protected groups typically focus on gender or racial differences. Legislation also fully protects individuals with learning disabilities (LD). This article is the first to decompose wage differentials between adults with and without LD. An original data set of college graduates with documented LD was constructed, and these individuals were compared to a control group from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY). Our results show that much of the observed lower wages for individuals with LD is due to differences in productivity characteristics. However, there is an unexplained portion of the wage gap that could possibly be considered wage discrimination against individuals with LD. This possibility seems smaller due to the fact that the subsample of the employers who knew of the employee's learning disabilities did not appear to pay significantly lower wages to these individuals. Alternative hypotheses are discussed, as are sample-specific issues. PMID:15490744

Dickinson, David L; Verbeek, Roelant L

2002-01-01

349

Competence-based education: learning disability nursing in Wales.  

PubMed

A new era of nursing education has begun in Wales during 2012 based on new standards for pre-registration nursing education published by the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC). While the article focuses on pre-registration learning disability nursing education, the NMC standards can also be used for adult, mental health and children's nursing education. Partnership working across Wales has resulted in the development of nationally agreed common elements relating to students' ongoing record of achievement of practice competence, student selection and recruitment principles, a generic educational audit format and student evaluation. Details of the NMC standards are provided, with particular examples of their implementation in learning disability nursing education across Wales. PMID:23243819

Cassidy, Simon

350

What's It Like to Work with a Clinical Psychologist of a Specialist Learning Disabilities Service? Views from People with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Clinical psychologists are well placed to work with people with learning disabilities given the high prevalence of psychiatric disorders in this population and the specialist training undertaken by psychologists. The evidence for psychological interventions in learning disabilities is scarce compared to the evidence for mainstream psychological…

Gifford, Clive; Evers, Catherine; Walden, Sarah

2013-01-01

351

An Evolutionary Perspective on Learning Disability in Mathematics  

Microsoft Academic Search

A distinction between potentially evolved, or biologically-primary forms of cognition, and the culturally-specific, or biologically-secondary forms of cognition that are built from primary systems is used to explore mathematical learning disability (MLD). Using this model, MLD could result from deficits in the brain and cognitive systems that support biologically-primary mathematical competencies, or from the brain and cognitive systems that support

David C. Geary

2007-01-01

352

Learning disabled students' interactions with commercial courseware: A naturalistic study  

Microsoft Academic Search

A naturalistic study investigated the interactions of learning disabled students and their teachers with instructional elements\\u000a of commercial courseware. During two academic years, 62 students aged 9 to 18 and seven teachers from five subject areas were\\u000a observed and interviewed with regard to their day-to-day uses of 26 packages. Findings reported here relate to students' interactions\\u000a with the stimulus, response,

Delia Neuman

1991-01-01

353

Implementing CRA With Secondary Students With Learning Disabilities in Mathematics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students with learning disabilities struggle to acquire essential mathematical concepts and skills, especially at the secondary level. One effective approach to improving secondary math performance supported by research is the concrete-to-representational-to-abstract (CRA) sequence of instruction. Although CRA is an evidenced-based instructional practice, it is somewhat complicated for teachers to implement in their day-to-day instruction.To better assist implementation of the CRA,

Bradley S. Witzel; Paul J. Riccomini; Elke Schneider

2008-01-01

354

Research as Social Work: Participatory Research in Learning Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary The social-work literature has already made links between social work and research, and has argued in favour of practitioner-research. This paper turns the argument around and looks at how research can come to look and feel like social work. This happens particularly, but not exclusively, in participatory research in the learning-disability field, especially in auto\\/biographical or life-story research, where

Dorothy Atkinson

2005-01-01

355

Longitudinal Outcomes for Mathematics Achievement for Students with Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using longitudinal data from the first 6 waves of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study–Kindergarten Cohort (ECLS-K), the authors examined mathematics achievement and growth trajectories by learning disability (LD) subgroups. The 2-level (time–student) growth curve model showed that lower levels of mathematics achievement were already evident at kindergarten entry for all subgroups of students identified as LD during the elementary school

Sharon Judge; Silvana M. R. Watson

2011-01-01

356

An Exploration of Risk and Resilience in the Lives of Individuals with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper suggests a framework for viewing learning disability as a risk factor, noting the importance of the specific type of learning problem, multiplicity, severity, age at identification, and chronicity. Learning disability is viewed in interaction with other risk factors, developmental stages, gender, and contributions of internal or…

Spekman, Nancy J.; And Others

1993-01-01

357

Evaluation of the Benefits of Assistive Reading Software: Perceptions of High School Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using assistive reading software may be a cost-effective way to increase the opportunity for independent learning in students with learning disabilities. However, the effectiveness and perception of assistive reading software has seldom been explored in English-as-a-second language students with learning disabilities. This research was designed to…

Chiang, Hsin-Yu; Liu, Chien-Hsiou

2011-01-01

358

Integration of heard and seen speech: a factor in learning disabilities in children  

E-print Network

Integration of heard and seen speech: a factor in learning disabilities in children Erin A. Hayesa Normal-learning children (NL) and children with learning disabilities (LD) reported their perceptions-to-noise ratio, SNR). In normal populations, watching such conflicting combinations typically changes auditory

359

Cognitive–Motivational Characteristics and Academic Achievement of Learning Disabled Children: A Longitudinal Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Academic self-concept, academic locus of control, and achievement expectations were investigated over a 2-year period for 78 children identified as learning disabled (LD) and 71 non learning disabled, normally achieving children (NLD). The LD children had no remedial program for their learning problems and had not been classified by their schools as LD. The data were collected while the sample

James W. Chapman

1988-01-01

360

Working Memory Functioning in Children with Learning Disabilities: Does Intelligence Make a Difference?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Children with learning disabilities are identified by their severe learning problems and their deficient school achievement. On the other hand, children with sub-average school achievement "and" sub-average intellectual development are thought to suffer from a general intellectual delay rather than from specific learning disabilities.…

Maehler, Claudia; Schuchardt, K.

2009-01-01

361

Reading Interventions for Students with Learning Disabilities in the Upper Elementary Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For students with learning disabilities, the upper elementary grades may represent a unique opportunity to provide successful remediation for lessening a reading difficulty and preventing students with learning disabilities from falling behind in other content areas. This article discusses effective reading interventions for students with learning

Wanzek, Jeanne; Kent, Shawn C.

2012-01-01

362

What Does the K-ABC Tell Us about Students with Learning Disabilities?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three studies were designed to explore the pattern of scores on the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children (K-ABC) by 18 students in elementary level learning disability (LD) resource programs (Study 1), 133 elementary level students referred for learning problems (Study 2), and 67 elementary students referred for severe learning disabilities

Smith, Douglas K.

363

Computer Assisted Instruction to Promote Comprehension in Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reading comprehension is a crucial skill for academic success of all students. Very often, students with learning disabilities struggle with reading skills and since students learn new information in school by reading; these difficulties often increase the academic struggles students with learning disabilities face. The current study examined…

Stetter, Maria Earman; Hughes, Marie Tejero

2011-01-01

364

Cooperative Group, Risk-Taking and Inclusion of Pupils with Learning Disabilities in Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this research was to study the impact of cooperative learning on changes in cooperative behaviours and acceptance amongst pupils with learning disabilities related to risk-taking. One hundred and sixty-eight French first year middle school pupils participated in this study. Thirty-six pupils with learning disabilities were mainstreamed…

Andre, Amael; Louvet, Benoit; Deneuve, Pascale

2013-01-01

365

E-Learning Implications for Adult Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

If a few decades ago, "the education received in school could be in most of the cases enough to go with for the rest of one's entire life," today the situation has changed dramatically. The individual has to be prepared for a new type of life and training, namely lifelong learning. The individual's survival in society could…

Criu, Roxana; Ceobanu, Ciprian

2013-01-01

366

WISC-IV Profiles in Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Comorbid Learning Disabilities.  

E-print Network

??Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and learning disabilities (LD), including Reading Disorder (RD), Disorder of Written Expression (DWE), and Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) all co-occur… (more)

Parke, Elyse

2014-01-01

367

Learning disabilities and delinquency: a study of Israeli prison inmates.  

PubMed

Research consistently illustrates that several intellectual disabilities--namely, learning disabilities (LD), low intelligence, challenging behavior, and inadequate adaptive behavior, as well as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)--are considered risk factors for antisocial and criminal behavior. Although much attention has been paid to the relationship of LD, ADHD, and criminal behavior, three research topics have been overlooked: the frequency of LD with ADHD among inmates, the relationship between LD and/or ADHD and level of education among prisoners, and the connection between LD and/or ADHD and age of criminal onset. The present study examined the frequency of LD and ADHD in a sample of Israeli-born prisoners, in addition to the frequency of each category by itself, and it investigated the relationship of LD and/or ADHD, school dropout age, and onset of criminal activity. PMID:17909247

Einat, Tomer; Einat, Amela

2008-08-01

368

Confidence to Manage Learning: The Self-Efficacy for Self-Regulated Learning of Early Adolescents with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the self-efficacy for self-regulated learning of 146 early adolescents with and without learning disabilities (LD). Results from the study showed that a 7-item self-regulatory efficacy measure demonstrated factorial invariance for the adolescent sample and also for a validation sample of 208 undergraduates with and without LD.…

Klassen, Robert M.

2010-01-01

369

The 2008 Amendments to the Americans with Disabilities Act: Implications for Student Affairs Practitioners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Americans with Disabilities Act Amendments Act (ADAAA), which became effective at the beginning of 2009, is poised to have potentially wide-reaching implications for higher education. The article reviews the recent amendments to the original Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) (1990), summarizes the relevant Supreme Court cases that have…

Burke, Lisa A.; Friedl, John; Rigler, Michelle

2010-01-01

370

The Movement for Independent Living: Origins, Ideology, and Implications for Disability Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper designed to evaluate independent living for handicapped persons as a social movement, analyze the movement's expression in disability services, and consider the movement's implications for disability research. An initial section recounts the movement's constituency, origins, legislative history, and its relationship to such social…

DeJong, Gerben

371

Learning Enhancement for Adults with Disabilities. LEAD 2000 Congress Proceedings (Little Rock, Arkansas, January 29-31, 1993).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Forty representative learning disabilities specialists from 19 states met to discuss ways of improving the diagnosis, remediation, and counseling of adults with learning disabilities. First, the activities of the Jones Learning Center at the University of the Ozarks regarding diagnosing and mainstreaming college students with learning disabilities

University of the Ozarks, Clarksville, AR.

372

Yes You Can! A Booklet To Help Young People with Learning Disabilities Understand and Help Themselves. Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for children, adolescents, or young adults with learning disabilities, this booklet stresses understanding the disability and building self esteem. The booklet begins with brief vignettes of famous people who had trouble learning then goes on to specify what a learning disability is and is not with emphasis on learning to understand one's…

East, Joanne

373

Injuries to Athletes with Physical Disabilities: Prevention Implications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While athletes with disabilities may not be injured any more often than other athletes, the types of injuries they sustain are specific to their disabilities and chosen sports. Characteristic injuries are described, and preventive measures are suggested. (Author/MT)

Bloomquist, Lorraine E.

1986-01-01

374

Images of Disability in News Media: Implications for Future Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Even in the 1990s, little research has focused on how local media can more often and more accurately cover the disability community and disability issues. Some positive news coverage arose in the late 1980s because of the disability community's growing status as a minority group striving for equal civil rights. Other positive coverage reflected…

Haller, Beth

375

Meeting the Needs of English Language Learners with Learning Disabilities in the General Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To be academically successful in general education classrooms, English language learners (ELLs) with learning disabilities (LD) need instruction that is simultaneously responsive to their disability, English language status, and culture. Because the majority of students with LD have reading disabilities, ESL and classroom teachers must be familiar…

Garcia, Shernaz B.; Tyler, Brenda-Jean

2010-01-01

376

Meeting the Needs of English Language Learners With Learning Disabilities in the General Curriculuam  

Microsoft Academic Search

To be academically successful in general education classrooms, English language learners (ELLs) with learning disabilities (LD) need instruction that is simultaneously responsive to their disability, English language status, and culture. Because the majority of students with LD have reading disabilities, ESL and classroom teachers must be familiar with instructional strategies that will support language and literacy development in the content

Shernaz B. García; Brenda-Jean Tyler

2010-01-01

377

Peer Modeling of Response Chains: Observational Learning by Students with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twelve proficient peer models without disabilities demonstrated a response chain for a targeted learning task each day and described the steps to three classmates with developmental disabilities, who observed. The peer models performed the response chains accurately and quickly and the students with disabilities acquired the response chains. (DB)

Werts, Margaret Gessler; And Others

1996-01-01

378

Developing Self-Advocacy: The Experience of College Students in Structured Learning Disabilities Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The number of students with disabilities arriving on college and university campuses is increasing. Of those students reporting a disability, over half of them state they have a learning disability. Unlike high school, the burden is on the student in college to demonstrate the need for services and communicate this need to the institution in a…

Miller, Rachel Nottingham

2010-01-01

379

Chasing the Rabbit: Metaphors Used by Adult Learners to Describe Their Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviews with 23 adult college students with learning disabilities explored the metaphors they use to describe their disabilities. This strategy can help learners gain a sense of control over their disabilities. Adult educators can stimulate critical reflection and help them to make meaning of their experience.(JOW)

Goss, Diane

2001-01-01

380

Disability and Development: The Role of Language and E-Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: In spite of extensive literature on disability studies, little has been done on disability and development, more so the role of language and learning technologies in all of this. The purpose of this paper therefore is to focus on the crucial role language plays in the inclusion or exclusion of people with disabilities in development and…

Mahama, Edward Salifu

2012-01-01

381

Modeling and Mental Imagery Use by Multiply Handicapped and Learning Disabled Preschool Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multiply handicapped mentally retarded and learning disabled preschool children participated in a series of learning tasks designed to clarify task-related effects of modeling-based mental imagery training experiences. Facilitative effectives of modeling occurred for all learning tasks, were most apparent for associative learning and with learning

Greeson, Larry E.

1986-01-01

382

Identifying specific learning disability: is responsiveness to intervention the answer?  

PubMed

Responsiveness to intervention (RTI) is being proposed as an alternative model for making decisions about the presence or absence of specific learning disability. I argue that there are many questions about RTI that remain unanswered, and radical changes in proposed regulations are not warranted at this time. Many fundamental issues related to RTI are unresolved, and a better strategy may be to more rigorously implement existing identification criteria (e.g., discrepancy and psychological processing deficits) in a structured psychometric framework. Suggestions on how to modify present procedures are provided. PMID:16392698

Kavale, Kenneth A

2005-01-01

383

Disproportionality and Learning Disabilities: Parsing Apart Race, Socioeconomic Status, and Language  

PubMed Central

The disproportionate identification of learning disabilities among certain socio-demographic subgroups, typically groups who are already disadvantaged, is perceived as a persistent problem within the education system. The academic and social experiences of students who are misidentified with a learning disability may be severely restricted, while students with a learning disability who are never identified are less likely to receive the accommodations and modifications necessary to learn at their maximum potential. We use the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 to describe national patterns in learning disability identification. Results indicate that socio-demographic characteristics are predictive of identification with a learning disability. While some conventional areas of disproportionality are confirmed (males and language minorities), differences in SES entirely account for African-American and Hispanic disproportionality. Discrepancy between the results of bivariate and multivariate analyses confirms the importance of employing multivariate multilevel models in investigation of disproportionality. PMID:20587753

Shifrer, Dara; Muller, Chandra; Callahan, Rebecca

2014-01-01

384

Social Skills Learning for Students with Learning Disabilities and Students with Behaviour Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the effects of a computer?assisted social skills intervention on the social competence and behaviour adjustment of students with special needs. The sample consisted of 114 male students, divided into two groups: 52 students with learning disabilities (LD) (mean age = 12.23; SD = 1.12) and 62 students with behaviour disorders (BD) (mean age = 12.53; SD =

Malka Margalit

1995-01-01

385

The Complex Learning Difficulties and Disabilities Research Project: Developing Meaningful Pathways to Personalised Learning. Executive Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Specialist Schools and Academies Trust (SSAT) was commissioned by the Department for Education (DfE) to research ways to improve outcomes for children and young people with the most complex educational needs and disabilities through the development of evidence-based teaching and learning strategies. The programme of research brought together a…

Schools Network, 2011

2011-01-01

386

The Complex Learning Difficulties and Disabilities Research Project: Developing Meaningful Pathways to Personalised Learning. Final Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Specialist Schools and Academies Trust (SSAT) was commissioned by the Department for Education (DfE) to research ways to improve outcomes for children and young people with the most complex educational needs and disabilities through the development of evidence-based teaching and learning strategies. The programme of research brought together a…

Schools Network, 2011

2011-01-01

387

Evaluation of Horizon Multimedia Learning Materials for Students with Learning Difficulties and Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the different methods used to evaluate individually configurable multimedia materials developed for the Horizon project, a program designed to increase employment opportunities for students with disabilities or learning difficulties. The project established a working cafe/restaurant in East London staffed by the students. Part…

Barker, Trevor; Jones, Sara; Britton, Carol; Messer, David

388

Using Learning-Strategies Instruction with Students Who Are Gifted and Learning Disabled  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Regardless of prevalence, students who are gifted and learning disabled do exist in America's public schools, and they have unique needs that must be met through our education system (Bees, 1998). Special education teachers, regular education teachers, and teachers of the gifted should be aware of the unique characteristics of students who are…

Bisland, Amy

2004-01-01

389

Taking on a Learning Disability: At the Crossroads of Special Education and Adolescent Literacy Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the United States, approximately 2.5 million students are diagnosed as having a learning disability and the majority of those children are placed in special education because of an inability to read as expected. As a result of this diagnosis, these children may be placed in special education classrooms--classrooms that are separate from the…

McCloskey, Erin

2012-01-01

390

Racial and Disability Identity: Implications for the Career Counseling of African Americans with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Racial and disability identities are separate issues, yet they both contribute to the multiple social identities that influence career counseling outcomes for persons of color with disabilities. Few studies have examined the effects of racial and disability identity on the career outcomes of members of this group. This article discusses racial and…

Mpofu, Elias; Harley, Debra A.

2006-01-01

391

Science, Technology, and the Learning Disabled: A Review of the Literature  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The lack of research studies that examine the use of technology as a tool to support the learning of science among the learning disabled is an important limitation of research in science teaching. This chapter focuses on the use of computer technology and has three objectives: (1) to summarize technology and science education research of the last decade as it relates to the learning disabled, (2) to identify potential computer technology tools that can be best used to support the learning of science by the learning disabled, and (3) to provide some recommendations for postsecondary science educators.

Marshall, Karen B.

2006-01-01

392

Problem Order Implications for Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The order of problems presented to students is an important variable that affects learning effectiveness. Previous studies have shown that solving problems in a blocked order, in which all problems of one type are completed before the student is switched to the next problem type, results in less effective performance than does solving the problems…

Li, Nan; Cohen, William W.; Koedinger, Kenneth R.

2013-01-01

393

Epilepsy and Learning Disabilities: Part 1--Diagnosing and Solving School Learning Disabilities in Epilepsy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a six part article intended to give parents the information and strategies they need to cope with their child with epilepsy who may have school learning problems. Epilepsy and seizures affect the classroom in unique ways that can make the learning experience especially challenging for some kids. Fortunately, much can be done to give the…

Mittan, Robert J.

2010-01-01

394

Validation of the Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale, Second Edition (RCMAS-2) Scores for Children with Specific Learning Disabilities  

E-print Network

Specific learning disabilities are one of the most common and debilitating disorders experienced by children and adolescents, and students with specific learning disabilities may be particularly vulnerable to anxiety. The Revised Children's Manifest...

Raad, Jennifer Marie

2013-08-31

395

Percentage of Children Aged 5--17 Years Ever Receiving a Diagnosis of Learning Disability, United States, 2007--2009  

MedlinePLUS

... MMWR website . QuickStats: Percentage of Children Aged 5--17 Years Ever Receiving a Diagnosis of Learning Disability,* ... above shows the percentage of children aged 5-17 years ever receiving a diagnosis of learning disability, ...

396

Beyond Instruction; Beyond a Website: Distance Learning, Disability Inclusiveness and Changing Workplace Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Often, the aim of distance learning (DL) is to enhance individual learning, not to change workplace practices. Changing organizational policies, practices and behaviors related to disability calls for a different DL approach that engages users and contextualizes knowledge. In the disability arena, there is a need for programming that brings about…

Rudstam, Hannah; Gower, Wendy Strobel

2012-01-01

397

Teachers' Attitudes to Signing for Children with Severe Learning Disabilities in Indonesia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Indonesian education system is striving for an inclusive approach and techniques are needed which can support children with severe learning disabilities and their peers in this context. Manually signed language has proved useful both in supporting the development and empowerment of children with severe learning disabilities and supporting…

Sheehy, Kieron; Budiyanto

2014-01-01

398

Developing and Evaluating Personal Health Records for Adults with Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article argues for the introduction of patient-held health care records for people with learning disabilities. The evidence reviewed demonstrates that people with learning disabilities have more health care needs than other adults in society but receive less health care than others. The rationale for implementing hand-held records is considered from three perspectives: a consumer point of view, an analysis

Vicky Turk; Sarah Burchell

2003-01-01

399

Responsive Services for People with Learning Disabilities from Minority Ethnic Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports the results of a postal questionnaire survey carried out to explore the responsiveness and appropriateness of services for people with learning disabilities from minority ethnic communities in the North West of England. Twenty-one learning disability service commissioners or service providers completed the questionnaire.…

Caton, Sue; Starling, Samantha; Burton, Mark; Azmi, Sabiha; Chapman, Melanie

2007-01-01

400

Social and Self-Perceptions of Adolescents Identified as Gifted, Learning Disabled, and Twice-Exceptional  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to examine the social and self-perceptions of twice-exceptional "students", those students who meet criteria for being identified as both gifted and learning disabled. In particular, we focus on how twice-exceptional students are similar to, or different from, students with only a learning disability or who are only…

Barber, Carolyn; Mueller, Conrad T.

2011-01-01

401

Preparation of Leadership Personnel: Combined Deaf Education/Learning Disabilities. Final Performance Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes activities and accomplishments of a four-year project to develop a doctoral program at the University of Kansas Medical Center to prepare teacher educators, researchers, supervisors/managers, and clinicians in programs in either deafness or learning disabilities and in a combined deafness and learning disabilities program.…

Luetke-Stahlman, Barbara

402

Obtaining Views on Health Care from People with Learning Disabilities and Severe Mental Health Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the rhetoric of involvement of people with learning disabilities in health care there is a dearth of research which examines the extent to which service users are included in evaluating their own care. This paper describes a study of methods for enabling people with learning disabilities and complex health needs to comment on the…

Young, Anita F.; Chesson, Rosemary A.

2006-01-01

403

Planned Pregnancy, Planned Parenting: Enabling Choice for Adults with a Learning Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For adults with learning disabilities, becoming a parent can fulfil childhood dreams to take their place in society through a highly valued social role. Recent research aimed at describing the experience of parents with a learning disability suggests that there are barriers to successful planning for both pregnancy and parenthood. However, with…

Conder, Jennifer; Mirfin-Veitch, Brigit; Sanders, Jackie; Munford, Robyn

2011-01-01

404

Assistive Technology and the Law: A Guide for Persons with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The law clearly states how assistive technology is to be used for children with learning disabilities. This article focuses upon the different types of technology that can be used for children with learning disabilities and provides an overview of the different types of technology available. (Contains 4 tables.)

Birnbaum, Barry W.; Kritikos, Effie Papoutsis

2008-01-01

405

Strategies for Overcoming Barriers to Training and Education for Canadians with Disabilities. Lessons in Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

If stronger skills and more education are key to greater labour force participation, then it is important to identify critical barriers to education and training for Canadians with disabilities. In 2008, the Canadian Council on Learning's Adult Learning Knowledge Centre funded a "Community Outreach Initiative for Learner's with Disabilities" that…

Canadian Council on Learning, 2009

2009-01-01

406

Evaluating an Anxiety Group for People with Learning Disabilities Using a Mixed Methodology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effectiveness of group therapy for people with learning disabilities and anxiety management issues is reviewed. People with learning disabilities face increased levels of psychological distress compared to the general population, yet are often faced with a lack of social support and poor coping techniques to manage their distress. A 6-week…

Marwood, Hayley; Hewitt, Olivia

2013-01-01

407

Quantitative EEG in children with learning disabilities: analysis of band power  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to better understand the mechanisms of learning disabilities it is important to eval- uate the electroencephalogram parameters and their relation to the results of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale. Thirty-six children with complaints of learning disability were studied. Electroencephalograms were c a rried out while awake and resting, and the values for absolute and relative powers calculated. The re

Lineu C. Fonseca; Glória M. A. S. Tedrus; Marcelo G. Chiodi; Jaciara Näf Cerqueira; Josiane M. F. Tonelotto

2006-01-01

408

Need for Staff Development Training in Identification of Learning Disabled Students. A Discussion Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The extent to which Mississippi teachers receive specific training regarding screening for learning disabilities and teaching learning-disabled adults was examined through a mail survey of all 81 of Mississippi's adult education supervisors. Of the 36 supervisors who returned usable questionnaires (a 44% response rate), 5 (13.9%) did not attempt…

Horne, Herbert R., Jr.; And Others

409

Changes in the Attitudes of GPs to the Health Screening of Patients with Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

GPs appear reluctant to undertake health screening for people with learning disabilities. This article describes a specialist health screening service delivered mainly by community learning disability nurses to nearly 600 children and adults. Prior to the service being established, 141 GPs within a defined area were surveyed and 51 percent responded. Although a majority thought the service would be helpful,

Roy McConkey; Gordon Moore; David Marshall

2002-01-01

410

The Presence of Learning Disabled Youth in Our Juvenile Institutions: Excusable or Gross Negligence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the most significant problems in the area of learning disabilities and delinquency is failure in recognizing the characteristics of the LD (Learning Disabled) by the juvenile justice system. Therefore, a number of useful techniques, skills, and strategies are provided to help court officers, educators, mental health professionals, and…

Inesia-Forde, Angelina

2005-01-01

411

Up the slippery slope: Groupwork with sex offenders with a learning disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Techniques developed for work with sex offenders are not always applicable to or appropriate for sex offenders with a learning disability due to the cognitive and social difficulties which such individuals may have. This paper describes an attempt to adapt and combine a number of psychological and art therapy techniques in group work with sex offenders with a learning disability.

Karen McKenzie; Duncan Chisolm; Liz Miller

1997-01-01

412

Sally Smith's Arts-Based and Integrated Curricular Approach to Educating Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Founded in 1967, The Lab School of Washington (LSW) has been educating students with learning disabilities using an arts-based curriculum for over 50 years. Sally Smith originally started the school out of frustration with the inability of traditional educational environments to reach her intelligent, but learning disabled, young son and others…

Durham, Jennifer

2010-01-01

413

Abstract Reasoning in a Specific Group of Perceptually Impaired Children: Namely, the Learning Disabled  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports a study involving 35 learning-disabled boys attending full-time remedial schools and 35 matched normal achievers to investigate whether learning-disabled children differ from normal achievers in terms of logical thought and whether they exhibit decalages in their acquisition of Piagetian concepts. (BD/BR)

Meltzer, Lynn J.

1978-01-01

414

Programming for Mentally Retarded and Learning Disabled Inmates: A Guide for Correctional Administrators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource manual is intended to assist correctional agencies in developing or upgrading educational and support services for adult inmates with retardation or learning disabilities. Following an introductory section, section 2 summarizes definitions and symptoms of mental retardation and learning disabilities, identifies their incidence among…

Coffey, Osa D.; And Others

415

Human Figure Drawing Ability and Vestibular Processing Dysfunction in Learning-Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explored the relationship between vestibular function as measured by duration of postrotary nystagmus and human figure drawing ability in children (N=40) labeled as learning disabled. Results supported the assertion that some learning-disabled children evidence deficits in vestibular processing ability and that these deficits may affect…

Ottenbacher, Kenneth; And Others

1984-01-01

416

A New Approach for the Quantitative Evaluation of Drawings in Children with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A new method for a quantitative and objective description of drawing and for the quantification of drawing ability in children with learning disabilities (LD) is hereby presented. Twenty-four normally developing children (N) (age 10.6 [plus or minus] 0.5) and 18 children with learning disabilities (LD) (age 10.3 [plus or minus] 2.4) took part to…

Galli, Manuela; Vimercati, Sara Laura; Stella, Giacomo; Caiazzo, Giorgia; Norveti, Federica; Onnis, Francesca; Rigoldi, Chiara; Albertini, Giorgio

2011-01-01

417

Using Contact Work in Interactions with Adults with Learning Disabilities and Autistic Spectrum Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a project about using contact work with people with learning disabilities and autistic spectrum disorder. People with learning disabilities and additional autistic spectrum disorder are at risk of becoming socially isolated because of their difficulties in interacting with others. Contact work is a form of Pre-Therapy, which…

Brooks, Sharon; Paterson, Gail

2011-01-01

418

Subgroups of the Learning Disabled College Student: An Analysis of Written Language and Testing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the identification of distinct subgroups of learning-disabled young adults based on their ability to generate written language. Two subgroups of learning-disabled college students, the language strong/visually weak (N=22) and the visually strong/language weak (N=10), were identified based on evaluation of 32 essays. Subjects were…

Cataldo, Donna; Arsenault, Joseph

419

Evaluation and Effectiveness of Pain Recognition and Management Training for Staff Working in Learning Disability Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following Beacroft & Dodd's (2009) audit of pain recognition and management within learning disability services in Surrey, it was recommended that learning disability services should receive training in pain recognition and management. Two hundred and seventy-five services were invited to participate, of which 197 services in Surrey accepted and…

Mackey, Ellen; Dodd, Karen

2011-01-01

420

Diagnosing Children with Educational Problems: Characteristics of Reading and Learning Disabilities Specialists and Classroom Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six studies in laboratory and classroom settings investigated the diagnostic and remedial performance of 66 reading and learning disabled specialists and classroom teachers. Ss were asked to diagnose simulated cases of either reading or learning disability and suggest an initial remediation plan. Two related findings were revealed across all…

Vinsonhaler, John F.; And Others

421

Blind Evaluation of Body Reflexes and Motor Skills in Learning Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twelve 6 to 10 year old boys with learning disability were blindly compared with paired controls on measures of postural and equilibrium reflexes as well as skills. Learning disabled children as a group showed significant deficits on all measures; a few, however, were totally without deficit. (Author/SBH)

Freides, David; And Others

1980-01-01

422

Focus on Research in Learning Disabilities: Reports from the Research Institutes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eight articles report on findings of the five Research Institutes in Learning Disabilities. T. Bryan reports on "The Chicago Institute for Learning Disabilities" with findings concerning children's conversational skills, how children account for success and failure, children's ingratiation tactics, children who forget quickly, and children's…

Fleischner, Jeannette, Ed.

1980-01-01

423

Setting up and Running a Loss and Bereavement Support Group for Adults with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following evidence based literature, the Birmingham Clinical Psychology Service for People with Learning Disabilities ran a Loss and Bereavement Psychotherapy Group. The group consisted of five adults with mild learning disabilities, who met for 8 consecutive weeks. This paper reports the process of setting up a bereavement group for people with…

Boyden, Paul; Freeman, Adele; Offen, Liz

2010-01-01

424

Learning Disabilities and the Adult Student of English as a Second Language. Final Project Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The project investigated and developed assessment tools and instructional methods and materials appropriate for adults with learning disabilities who are students of English as a Second Language (ESL). The report summarizes the project's goals and results in four areas: assessment of learning disabilities; methods and materials for teaching ESL to…

Chapman, Jean B.; And Others

425

Sinking or Swimming? Supporting Parents with Learning Disabilities and their Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to government policy, parents with learning disabilities should be provided with the support that they need to bring up their children successfully. In practice, however, their risk of having their children removed from them is high. This article reports on findings from a study designed to identify and map positive practice in supporting parents with learning disabilities and their

Linda Ward; Beth Tarleton

2007-01-01

426

A Cognitive Behavioural Intervention for Dental Anxiety for People with Learning Disabilities: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dental anxiety is a common form of anxiety problem, and research suggests that more people with learning disabilities experience dental anxiety than in the general population. Very little work has been done to investigate effective non-medical approaches for supporting people with a learning disability and dental anxiety to access dental care.…

Prangnell, Simon J.; Green, Karen

2008-01-01

427

Recognition, Expression, and Understanding Facial Expressions of Emotion in Adolescents with Nonverbal and General Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children with nonverbal learning disabilities (NVLD) have been found to be worse at recognizing facial expressions than children with verbal learning disabilities (LD) and without LD. However, little research has been done with adolescents. In addition, expressing and understanding facial expressions is yet to be studied among adolescents with LD…

Bloom, Elana; Heath, Nancy

2010-01-01

428

A Study of Successful Outcomes in the Categorical Learning Disabilities Programs: 1975.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are the results of a second study of North Carolina's Learning Disabilities Program in which 44 teachers were interviewed to obtain information on the factors which contributed to the educational outcome of 46 learning disabled students (6-13 years old). Section I provides a description of the program during the second year of operation…

George, Pamela; And Others

429

The Unintended Side Effects of Inclusion for Students with Learning Disabilities: The Perspectives of School Administrators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study focus group interviews were conducted with educational administrators to examine how the inclusion of students with learning disabilities has changed their professional lives in ways they did not expect, and how inclusion has changed the lives of students with learning disabilities and the lives of other students in their schools in…

Crockett, Jean B.; Myers, Susan T.; Griffin, Amy; Hollandsworth, Barry

2007-01-01

430

Survey of the Post-Secondary Years of Students Identified as Learning Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study investigated the social and vocational adjustment of 25 learning disabled young adults who received services in a Specific Learning Disability program during their elementary or secondary school years. Personal interviews were conducted using a 32-item questionnaire. Among findings were that 56% were living in their parents' homes; 60%…

Obringer, S. J.; Isonhood, Judith B.

431

School-Related Stress and Depression in Adolescents with and without Learning Disabilities: An Exploratory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined school-related stress and depression in adolescents with and without learning disabilities. A total of 87 students (38 learning-disabled and 49 nondisabled) from secondary schools in Calgary completed questionnaires on depressive symptoms and on school-related stress. Results indicated that the adolescents with LD reported…

Feurer, D. Paige; Andrews, Jac J. W.

2009-01-01

432

Comparison of Visual-Spatial Performance Strategy Training in Children with Turner Syndrome and Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thirteen females with Turner syndrome, 13 females with nonverbal learning disabilities, and 14 males with nonverbal learning disabilities, ages 7-14, were taught via a cognitive behavioral modification approach to verbally mediate a spatial matching task. All three groups showed significant task improvement after the training, with no significant…

Williams, Janet K.; And Others

1992-01-01

433

Effective Communication Training Interventions for Paid Carers Supporting Adults with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Carer communication skills contribute to the well being of individuals with learning disabilities. Few studies have examined the effectiveness of communication training interventions, and there is a lack of robust measures of outcome. A communication self-efficacy measure relevant to carers supporting adults with learning disabilities was…

Kyle, Seonaid; Melville, Craig A.; Jones, Andrea

2010-01-01

434

Conductive Hearing Loss in Autistic, Learning-Disabled, and Normal Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Repeated impedance measures were given over five weeks to 11 autistic, 20 learning-disabled, and 20 normal children. A repeated measures analysis of variance led to the conclusion that fluctuating, negative middle ear pressure greater than normal characterizes both autistic and learning-disabled children with the more abnormal pressures typical in…

Smith, Donald E. P.; And Others

1988-01-01

435

In Business: Developing the Self Employment Option for People with Learning Disabilities. Programme Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

People with learning disabilities have talents and skills, but rarely do they get the chance to start their own business. In Business was designed to challenge this and to make self employment a realistic option for some by setting out to support and capture the journey to business for people with a learning disability and those who support them.…

Bates, Keith

2009-01-01

436

How Good Is the Evidence for a Production Deficiency Among Learning Disabled Students?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two investigations of spontaneous use of mnemonic strategies by learning disabled and non learning disabled children and adolescents are reported. One study used a picture study\\/recall task, in which the strategies of interest were categorical organization during study and clustering during recall; the other used a paired-associate recall task, in which the strategy of interest was elaboration. In both studies,

Margaret Jo Shepherd; Lynn M. Gelzheiser; Roberta A. Solar

1985-01-01

437

Learning Disabled Students at a Highly Selective Liberal Arts College: How They Make it Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

Though learning disabled students have become increasingly present in selective postsecondary institutions, very little is known about who they are or how they cope with academic challenges. This study found that the learning disabled students attending this highly selective university had particularly high verbal capabilities despite having deficits in working memory and processing speed. These students seemed to manage their

Julia Beth Kessler

2008-01-01

438

An Overview of the Side Effects of Including Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we summarize the findings from eight separate focus group studies, conducted with various stakeholders--special education teachers, general education teachers, administrators, school psychologists, students with learning disabilities, parents of students with learning disabilities, teacher educators, and higher education faculty…

Tankersley, Melody; Cook, Bryan G.

2007-01-01

439

Disproportionality and Learning Disabilities: Parsing Apart Race, Socioeconomic Status, and Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The disproportionate identification of learning disabilities among certain sociodemographic subgroups, typically groups that are already disadvantaged, is perceived as a persistent problem within the education system. The academic and social experiences of students who are misidentified with a learning disability may be severely restricted,…

Shifrer, Dara; Muller, Chandra; Callahan, Rebecca

2011-01-01

440

Loaded Pistols: The Interplay of Social Intervention and Anti-Aesthetic Tradition in Learning Disabled Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article considers the aesthetics of applied performance with people with learning disabilities. Focusing on the integrated punk band Heavy Load, it explores how the aesthetic structure reconstructs notions of learning disability and intervenes in its social experience. It argues that this is facilitated through the punk form which positions…

Calvert, Dave

2010-01-01

441

The Word Processor as a Tool for the Learning Disabled Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper reviews the advantages and disadvantages of using word processing programs with learning disabled students, describes some available programs, delineates criteria for selection of word processing programs, and considers expanded uses of word processing with this population. Advantages of word processing programs for learning disabled

Candler, Ann C.; Keefe, Charlotte Hendrick

442

Audiological Certainty in Deaf Children with Learning Disabilities: An Imperative for Inter-Agency Working  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Meeting the audiological management needs of deaf children with learning disabilities is demanding. The study specifically focused on the age at which audiological certainty, the degree, configuration and type of hearing loss, was established in 20 individuals with severe learning disability. Audiological records relating to each individual were…

McCracken, Wendy; Ravichandran, Aarthy; Laoide-Kemp, Siobhan

2008-01-01

443

An Exploration of the Role of the Community Nurse, Learning Disability, in England  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Community learning disability nursing has been faced with considerable changes over recent years. In the early part of the 1990s, some commentators believed that it was a specialism in decline. The aim of the present study was to describe the way in which community nurses, learning disabilities (CNLDs), work within National Health Service (NHS)…

Mobbs, Caroline; Hadley, Samantha; Wittering, Rosemary; Bailey, Nicola M.

2002-01-01

444

The Experiences of Children with Learning Disabilities, Their Carers and Staff during a Hospital Admission  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Government policy is that people with learning disabilities should have their healthcare needs met by mainstream services. This study interviewed the carers of 13 children with learning disabilities admitted to hospital for a period longer than 24 h. Nursing staff and two children were also interviewed. Five themes were identified as having a…

Brown, Freddy Jackson; Guvenir, Jane

2009-01-01

445

Meeting the Cancer Information Needs of People with Learning Disabilities: Experiences of Paid Carers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on one of the findings of a small study that aimed to explore how people with learning disabilities accessed and were supported to use a pictorial cancer information book. Five people with learning disabilities who were affected by cancer and their paid carers participated in the study. Support staff in the study were the people…

Jones, Amelia; Tuffrey-Wijne, Irene; Bernal, Jane; Butler, Gary; Hollins, Sheila

2007-01-01

446

Social Interaction of Children with and without Learning Disabilities in Dyads and Small Groups.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To investigate differences in social behavior between learning disabled (LD) and non-learning disabled (NLD) children in different size groups and to examine the association between children's social behavior and acceptance by their peers, a study was conducted of 44 LD and 50 NLD boys and 7 LD and 13 NLD girls from fourth, fifth, and sixth grade…

Wiener, Judith; Harris, P. J.

447

PIC Profiles for Learning-Disabled and Behavior-Disordered Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compared the performance of learning-disabled and behavior-disordered children (N=60) on the Personality Inventory for Children (PIC). Results showed that learning-disabled and behavior-disordered children could be differentiated clearly on subtests that comprise the cognitive development and conduct disorder factors. However, less differentiation…

Goh, David S.; And Others

1984-01-01

448

"My Memory's Back!" Inclusive Learning Disability Research Using Ethics, Oral History and Digital Storytelling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following article outlines the methodological approach used to include people with learning disabilities as active participants in an oral history produced in Australia. The history sought to document life inside Kew Cottages, Australia's oldest and largest specialised institution for people with learning disabilities. This work furthers…

Manning, Corinne

2010-01-01

449

Metacognition and High Intellectual Ability: Insights from the Study of Learning-Disabled Gifted Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study offers empirical support for the importance of metacognition in giftedness based on the performance of 48 school-identified learning-disabled gifted, gifted, leaming-disabled, and average-performing boys in Grades 5\\/6 and 11\\/12 on assessments of metacognitive knowledge, metacognitive skill on a think-aloud error-detection reading task, error detection, and comprehension; prior knowledge was covaried. Performance of gifted and learning-disabled gifted students exceeded

C. Lynne Hannah; Bruce M. Shore

1995-01-01

450

Screening for learning disabilities in young adult career counseling.  

PubMed

The Strengths and Weaknesses Academic Profile (SWAP) was constructed in Israel in response to the local need of career counselors for a valid, reliable, comprehensive, parsimonious, and computerized screening device for identifying those likely to be at risk of learning disabilities (LD). The method chosen was self-report. A set of cognitive items was written and divided into seven scales: reading, writing, attention and memory, computation, English as a foreign language (EFL), study skills, and self-image. The screening tool was validated on a research sample in Sheffield, UK, based on comparison of the results obtained from the screening with the results of standardized diagnosis of learning disabilities administered to the respondents. The questionnaire was administered to 39 students, half of them diagnosed for dyslexia and half tested and found to be free of dyslexia. Results indicate that SWAP is a reliable and valid questionnaire, with a classification power of approximately 90%. The questionnaire is now widely used in Israel, where an Internet site has been constructed to administer the questionnaire and provide immediate and direct results. PMID:19289873

Kasler, Jon; Fawcett, Angela

2009-01-01

451

Neurobiological Underpinnings of Math and Reading Learning Disabilities  

PubMed Central

The primary goal of this review is to highlight current research and theories describing the neurobiological basis of math (MD), reading (RD), and comorbid math and reading disability (MD+RD). We first describe the unique brain and cognitive processes involved in acquisition of math and reading skills, emphasizing similarities and differences in each domain. Next we review functional imaging studies of MD and RD in children, integrating relevant theories from experimental psychology and cognitive neuroscience to characterize the functional neuroanatomy of cognitive dysfunction in MD and RD. We then review recent research on the anatomical correlates of MD and RD. Converging evidence from morphometry and tractography studies are presented to highlight distinct patterns of white matter pathways which are disrupted in MD and RD. Finally, we examine how the intersection of MD and RD provides a unique opportunity to clarify the unique and shared brain systems which adversely impact learning and skill acquisition in MD and RD, and point out important areas for future work on comorbid learning disabilities. PMID:23572008

Ashkenazi, Sarit; Black, Jessica M.; Abrams, Daniel A.; Hoeft, Fumiko; Menon, Vinod

2013-01-01

452

Self-Administration and Scoring Errors of Learning Disabled and Non Learning Disabled Students on Two Forms of the Self-Directed Search  

Microsoft Academic Search

The number and type of errors in self-administration and scoring made on Holland's Self-Directed Search (SDS) and Self-Directed Search Form Easy (SDS—E) were examined. Subjects were 96 learning disabled and 96 non learning disabled high school students matched on socioeconomic status, sex, and ethnicity. Both groups of subjects made more errors on the SDS than on the SDS—E. However, for

Rhoda W. Cummings; Cleborne D. Maddux

1987-01-01

453

Community Nurse Learning Disabilities: A Case Study of the Use of an Evidence-Based Screening Tool to Identify and Meet the Health Needs of People with Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health screening and follow-up was provided for 35 adults with learning disabilities who live in the community, using the OK Health Check as a screening tool. This paper reports how community nurses for people with learning disabilities can help overcome barriers faced by people with learning disabilities in accessing primary and generic health services. The ability of a community nurse

Cath Hunt; Sue Wakefield; George Hunt

2001-01-01

454

Developing Prescriptions with a Microcomputer Program for Learning Disabled and Gifted Students Based on Learning Style Instructional Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study classified and compared the learning style preferences of learning-disabled (LD) and gifted elementary school students with peers who were not identified as gifted or LD. The Learning Style Inventory (Dunn, Dunn, and Price, 1981), covering 22 learning style elements grouped under four categories (environmental, emotional, sociological, and…

Pederson, Jacqueline K.; Askins, Billy E.

455

Explicit Memory among Individuals with Mild and Moderate Intellectual Disability: Educational Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We previously reported a meta-analysis of explicit memory studies in populations with intellectual disability (ID). The current study discusses the educational implications of this meta-analysis. The main factors at the core of these implications can be divided into two categories: those related to task characteristics (e.g., depth of processing,…

Lifshitz, Hefziba; Shtein, Sarit; Weiss, Itzhak; Svisrsky, Naama

2011-01-01

456

Photoscreening for refractive errors in children and young adults with severe learning disabilities using the MTI photoscreener  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose To test the potential ability of the MTI photoscreener to facilitate screening for significant refractive errors in children and young adults with severe learning disabilities.Methods Thirty-eight patients with severe learning disabilities from a special school were examined with the photoscreener, and underwent cycloplegic refraction, an ophthalmological and an orthoptic examination. The age at examination, the cause of learning disability,

Patrick Watts; Karen Walker; Lyn Beck

1999-01-01

457

Differences in Self-Concept among Student with and without Learning Disabilities in Al Karak District in Jordan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined differences in self-concept among Jordanian students with and without learning disabilities. The sample of this study consisted of (124), (50) students with learning disabilities and (74) of their peers without learning disabilities. To achieve the objective of this study, the Jordanian adaptation of the Piers-Harris Children's…

AL Zyoudi, Mohammed

2010-01-01

458

Technology and Communications Coursework: Facilitating the Progression of Students with Learning Disabilities through High School Science and Math Coursework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students identified with learning disabilities experience markedly lower levels of science and mathematics achievement than students who are not identified with a learning disability. Seemingly compounding their disadvantage, students with learning disabilities also complete more credits in non-core coursework--traditionally considered nonacademic…

Shifrer, Dara; Callahan, Rebecca

2010-01-01

459

The effects of the Natural Approach on English oral communication skills in third-grade learning-disabled students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study sought to determine the instructional effects of the Natural Approach on the English oral communication skills of third-grade learning disabled students. Subjects included 20 learning disabled students in a self-contained class who received the Natural Approach (NAT) as an experimental group. The control group consisted of 20 learning disabled mainstreamed students who received the English through Audiolingual Approach

Maria Alejandra Reyes-Bonilla

1991-01-01

460

Multiculturalism, Religion, and Disability: Implications for Special Education Practitioners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Religious beliefs permeate many aspects of culture. Often, however, educators are reluctant to discuss religious beliefs when working with children with developmental and intellectual disabilities and their families. Ignoring the salience of religious teachings about the nature and meaning of disabilities as they relate to both individuals and…

Blanks, A. Brooke; Smith, J. David

2009-01-01

461

Information Technology and the Workplace: Implications for Persons with Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Internet improves access to employment and community for many people. However, there is growing concern that many Web sites are inaccessible to people with certain disabilities. This article examines the impact on people with disabilities of online human resources processes used for employee recruitment, benefits, and training. In 2002, Cornell University staff reviewed the accessibility of 10 Job boards

Susanne M Bruyere; William Erickson; Sara VanLooy

2005-01-01

462

Cooperative group, risk-taking and inclusion of pupils with learning disabilities in physical education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this research was to study the impact of cooperative learning on changes in cooperative behaviours and acceptance amongst pupils with learning disabilities related to risk-taking. One hundred and sixty-eight French first year middle school pupils participated in this study. Thirty-six pupils with learning disabilities were mainstreamed in six ordinary classes during seven two-hour gymnastic lessons. Three classes

Amael André; Benoit Louvet; Pascale Deneuve

2012-01-01

463

Cultural Beliefs regarding People with Disabilities in Namibia: Implications for the Inclusion of People with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Namibia is a southern African country with national level policies promoting community inclusion and inclusive education. Despite these policies, people with disabilities are often excluded from schools and community life. This study explores the nuanced cultural beliefs about the causes of disability in Namibia, and the impacts of such beliefs on…

Haihambo, Cynthy; Lightfoot, Elizabeth

2010-01-01

464

Neurocognitive profiles of learning disabled children with neurofibromatosis type 1  

PubMed Central

Neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) is a genetic condition generally associated with intellectual deficiency and learning disabilities. Although there have been groundbreaking advances in the understanding of the molecular, cellular, and neural systems underlying learning deficits associated to NF1 in animal models, much remains to be learned about the spectrum of neurocognitive phenotype associated with the NF1 clinical syndrome. In the present study, 32 children with NF1 ranging from 7 to 14 years were evaluated with neurocognitive tests dedicated to assess basic capacities which are involved in reading and mathematical achievement. Deficits in lexical and phonological strategies and poor number facts retrieval were found underlying reading and arithmetic disorders, respectively. Additionally, efficiencies in lexical/phonological strategies and mental arithmetic were significant predictors of individual differences in reading attainment and math. However, deficits in core numeric capacities were not found in the sample, suggesting that it is not responsible for calculation dysfluency. The estimated prevalence of Developmental Dyscalculia was 18.8%, and the male:female ratio was 5:1. On the other hand, the prevalence of Developmental Dyslexia was almost 3 times as high (50%), and no gender differences were found (male: female ratio = 1:1). This study offers new evidence to the neurocognitive phenotype of NF1 contributing to an in depth understanding of this condition, but also to possible treatments for the cognitive deficits associated with NF1. PMID:24936179

Orraca-Castillo, Miladys; Estevez-Perez, Nancy; Reigosa-Crespo, Vivian

2014-01-01

465

Holistic Learning Theory and Implications for Human Resource Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problem and the solution. The adult learning literature provides a number of concepts and theories of adult learning. No unifying theory of learning has emerged because of the complexity and diversity of the adult learning process. A recently developed holistic theory provides an integrative framework to examine some of the contemporary adult learning theories. Implications for human resource development

Baiyin Yang

2004-01-01

466

[Learning disabilities and genetics with particular reference to Down's syndrome].  

PubMed

Medical geneticists invest a great part of their resources towards the prevention of the birth of children with trisomy 21. Since, however, it will never be possible to monitor all pregnancies and, moreover, rejection of prenatal diagnosis on ethical grounds is widespread, this paper discusses the possibilities of lightening the burden on relatives of children with Down's syndrome. The contrast of the negative example shown by Switzerland with positive experiences achieved in Denmark serves to show that highly beneficial results can be obtained by humanizing the school system. This holds true not only for the severely retarded and their families, but also for children with minor learning disabilities as well. Such changes in the school system, when correctly applied, are of advantage to more gifted students as well. PMID:6214894

Schmid, W

1982-06-11

467

Brain stem evoked response in the assessment of learning disabilities.  

PubMed

Evidence has accumulated rapidly to support the hypothesis that neurological anomalies underlie specific forms of learning disability (LD). This article reviews recent studies directed at the electrophysiological assessment of LD children, with emphasis on the brain stem evoked response(BSER) methodology. Child studies appear to indicate that there are significant differences in BSERs between LD and age-matched normal controls. The methodological and statistical differences among these studies, which have clouded the findings and made replication difficult, are reviewed. Improvements in sampling and empirical procedures are suggested, including the use of discriminant analysis to explore BSER asymmetries in LD children. Future inquiry into the measurement and analysis of BSER activity in LD populations is warranted on the basis of these preliminary findings. New information may bring professionals closer to an understanding of the neurological causes of specific subtypes of LD and permit earlier identification of these "at risk" populations. PMID:3596924

Obrzut, J E; Morris, G L; Wilson, S L; Lord, J M; Caraveo, L E

1987-02-01

468

Culturally responsive instruction for english language learners with learning disabilities.  

PubMed

This case study describes the culturally responsive instruction of one special education teacher with Latino English language learners (ELLs) with learning disabilities in an urban elementary school setting. This study was situated in a social constructivist research based framework. In investigating this instruction with ELLs, this study focused on how one teacher's knowledge of culturally responsive pedagogy affected her special education instruction. Findings resulted in three major themes that were aligned with the current literature in this area: Cultural Aspects of Teaching Reading, Culturally Relevant Skills-Based Instruction, and Collaborative Agency Time. The results indicated that the success of special education with ELLs at the elementary education level might be dependent on how well the special education teacher integrates culturally responsive instruction with ELLs' cultural and linguistic needs. PMID:23407658

Orosco, Michael John; O'Connor, Rollanda

2014-11-01

469

Teaching multiplication facts to students with learning disabilities.  

PubMed Central

Multiple baseline designs were used to examine the effects of an instructional package on accuracy of performance in solving multiplication facts by 3 students with learning disabilities. The instructional package included the following components: (a) a modified instructional sequence in which multiplication facts were grouped into the zeros, ones, doubles, fives, and nines categories, and those remaining; (b) identification of the category in which each fact belonged; (c) mnemonic strategies associated with solving facts in each category; and (d) steps to be completed for solving facts in each category. Results indicated that the instructional package produced substantial and immediate effects. After receiving instruction, a participant's accuracy was often 100%, and this was maintained throughout the evaluation even as other strategies were introduced. Comparable results occurred across students, demonstrating replication of the effects of the instructional package. PMID:9757578

Wood, D K; Frank, A R; Wacker, D P

1998-01-01

470

Learning Technologies Management System (LiTMS): A Multidimensional Service Delivery Model for College Students with Learning Disabilities and ADHD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today's college students are expected to utilize a variety of learning technologies to succeed in higher education. Students with learning disabilities (LD) and/or Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorders (ADHD) can encounter barriers to equal access and effective learning in this new digital environment, including the development of proficiency…

Parker, David R.; White, Cheri E.; Collins, Laura; Banerjee, Manju; McGuire, Joan M.

2009-01-01

471

Instructional Settings in Science for Students with Disabilities: Implications for Teacher Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Finding appropriate instructional settings in science for students with disabilities is challenging, and the range of services or placements used is currently unknown. This study identifies administrative structures, instructional settings, and special/general education teacher roles in teaching science to students with disabilities. A phone survey was conducted with special education coordinators of fifth graders in 137 districts in Texas. Survey data indicated that while nearly all districts reported special education settings for the instruction of science for students with disabilities, some districts provided only general education settings. Theoretical and practical implications for teacher preparation are discussed.

Vannest, Kimberly J.; Mason, Benjamin A.; Brown, Leanne; Dyer, Nicole; Maney, Shell; Adiguzel, Tufan

2009-08-01

472

Age and Disability Employment Discrimination: Occupational Rehabilitation Implications  

PubMed Central

Introduction As concerns grow that a thinning labor force due to retirement will lead to worker shortages, it becomes critical to support positive employment outcomes of groups who have been underutilized, specifically older workers and workers with disabilities. Better understanding perceived age and disability discrimination and their intersection can help rehabilitation specialists and employers address challenges expected as a result of the evolving workforce. Methods Using U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission Integrated Mission System data, we investigate the nature of employment discrimination charges that cite the Americans with Disabilities Act or Age Discrimination in Employment Act individually or jointly. We focus on trends in joint filings over time and across categories of age, types of disabilities, and alleged discriminatory behavior. Results We find that employment discrimination claims that originate from older or disabled workers are concentrated within a subset of issues that include reasonable accommodation, retaliation, and termination. Age-related disabilities are more frequently referenced in joint cases than in the overall pool of ADA filings, while the psychiatric disorders are less often referenced in joint cases. When examining charges made by those protected under both the ADA and ADEA, results from a logit model indicate that in comparison to charges filed under the ADA alone, jointly-filed ADA/ADEA charges are more likely to be filed by older individuals, by those who perceive discrimination in hiring and termination, and to originate from within the smallest firms. Conclusion In light of these findings, rehabilitation and workplace practices to maximize the hiring and retention of older workers and those with disabilities are discussed. PMID:19680793

Bjelland, Melissa J.; von Schrader, Sarah; Houtenville, Andrew J.; Ruiz-Quintanilla, Antonio; Webber, Douglas A.

2009-01-01

473

Yes You Can! A Booklet to Help Young People with Learning Disabilities Understand and Help Themselves. Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for students with learning problems, this booklet is designed to help the student deal with his/her learning disability. Presented in simple language and cartoon-like illustrations, this publication addresses the causes of and misconceptions about learning problems, how it feels to have a learning disability, what can be done, and where…

East, Joanne

474

A Comparative Study of the Personality Characteristics of Primary-School Students with Learning Disabilities and Their Nonlearning Disabled Peers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the personality characteristics of 180 boys and girls of ages 8, 9, and 10 with learning disabilities (LD) in 3rd, 4th, and 5th grade in urban and rural primary schools of Andhrapradesh, India. The subjects were identified based on their scholastic achievement on a spelling dictation test, an oral reading test, a reading…

Gitanjali, Sharma

2004-01-01

475

Persons with Learning Disabilities in the Workplace: What We Know So Far in the Americans with Disabilities Act Era.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper synthesizes empirical studies from the past 12 years concerning the realities of the workplace for adults with learning disabilities (LD). Employer perspectives address awareness and knowledge, productivity, training, self-advocacy, and reasonable accommodations. Employee perspectives cover advocacy, disclosure, self-knowledge, and…

Gerber, Paul J.; Price, Lynda A.

2003-01-01

476

Juvenile Offenders with Behavioral Disorders, Learning Disabilities, and No Disabilities: Self-Reports of Personal, Family, and School Characteristics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 266 juvenile offenders found 37.1 percent had been in special education, with most classified as having behavioral disorders or learning disabilities. Juveniles with special education experience were more likely to need corrective lenses, to have attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and to have taken medication for emotional…

Zabel, Robert H.; Nigro, Frank A.

1999-01-01

477

Learning and Skills: Opportunities or Threats for Disabled Learners? FEDA Responds.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Challenges will be created by proposed changes to post-school education and training for people with learning difficulties and disabilities. Two important bills have been proposed. The Learning and Skills Bill (LSB) changes the whole architecture of the post-school education and training sector. LSB sets up the Learning and Skills Council (LSC)…

Mace, Jackie, Ed.

478

THE ROLE OF DRUGS IN THE TREATMENT OF LEARNING DISABILITY IN CHILDHOOD.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS PAPER ATTEMPTS TO REVIEW THE STATUS OF DRUGS IN THE AREA OF LEARNING DISABILITY. THE PEDIATRICIAN'S TRAINING MUST INCLUDE EXPOSURE TO PRACTICAL AND THEORETICAL PROBLEMS OF LEARNING. OF INTEREST TO THE PEDIATRICIAN IS THE USE OF DRUGS WHICH MODIFY LEARNING RESPONSES. THESE DRUGS ARE CLASSIFIED AS GENERAL STIMULANTS, SPECIFIC STIMULANTS,…

KRAMER, ROBERT A.

479

Working Memory in Children with Learning Disabilities: Rethinking the Criterion of Discrepancy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The criterion of discrepancy is used to distinguish children with learning disorders from children with intellectual disabilities. The justification of the criterion of discrepancy for the diagnosis of learning disorders relies on the conviction of fundamental differences between children with learning difficulties with versus without discrepancy…

Maehler, Claudia; Schuchardt, Kirsten

2011-01-01

480

Special Projects for Special People: Students with Disabilities Serve Others through Service-Learning Projects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focuses on the effect of service-learning on 5 students with disabilities in an inclusive 6th grade class. As students participated in service activities which met a community need and were linked to the curriculum, they achieved learning goals and were provided the real life applications of their learning. Students experienced the…

Olnes, Lisa

2008-01-01

481

Special Projects for Special People: Students with Disabilities Serve Others through Service-Learning Projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study focuses on the effect of service-learning on 5 students with disabilities in an inclusive 6th grade class. As students participated in service activities which met a community need and were linked to the curriculum, they achieved learning goals and were provided the real life applications of their learning. Students experienced the excitement of helping others, which increased motivation,

Lisa Olnes

2008-01-01

482

Incoming First Year Students with a Learning Disability COME TO THE SUMMER STARTUP PROGRAM!!!  

E-print Network

ATTENTION: Incoming First Year Students with a Learning Disability COME TO THE SUMMER STARTUP who wish to learn more about U of T Scarborough and how to support students in their transition PROGRAM!!! WHAT IS THE SUMMER STARTUP? It is a program designed to: Enhance learning skills and study

Boonstra, Rudy

483

Judgements of Control Over a Contingently Responsive Animation by Students With and Without Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Relations between locus of control orientation and the evaluation of contingencies between one's actions and changes in a simple computerized display were examined in groups of adolescent male learning disabled (LD) and non-disabled students. Subjects interacted with a computerized display by depressing two keys which had the same probability of being responded to within trials (presp =.2, .5 or .8)

MAIRI FULLER; PETER J. MCLEOD

1995-01-01

484

Service-Learning Experiences of College Freshmen, Community Partners, and Consumers with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A service-learning component was embedded as the centerpiece in the Culture of Disability Across the Lifespan course, designed for students' exploration of issues related to the inclusion of persons with disabilities in all aspects of society. Participants included 19 university freshmen, 6 representatives of community agencies, and 3 consumers…

Muwana, Florence C.; Gaffney, Janet S.

2011-01-01

485

Dimensional Integration of Assessment Outcomes with Intervention Services for Children with Specific Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews critical issues with integrating different procedures for identifying children with specific learning disabilities permitted in the federal regulations of the 2004 Individual With Disabilities Education Act 2004. Theoretical differences between behavioral approaches that focus on recording behavioral responses based on…

Decker, Scott

2012-01-01

486

Barriers to learning: a systematic study of the experience of disabled students in one university  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports the findings from a survey of all self?reported disabled students in a single UK higher education institution. Undertaken as the initial phase of a project that focuses upon students' experience of learning in higher education, it is one of the first systematic analyses to be undertaken of the experience that disabled students in higher education have of

Mary Fuller; Mick Healey; Andrew Bradley; Tim Hall

2004-01-01

487

Talent development: Accommodating the social and emotional needs of secondary gifted\\/learning disabled students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The population of students in secondary schools who are concomitantly gifted and learning disabled is especially at risk for poor academic performance. Often, their sense of self has been damaged by schools' overemphasis on their disabilities at the expense of efforts aimed at enhancing their strengths. Using student cases and a review of literature as a foundation, this exploration advocates

F. Richard Olenchak

488

Improving Transition Services for College-Bound Secondary Students with Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

While students with learning disabilities (LD) attend college in large numbers, they often have difficulty completing their college education. In this study, college disability service providers were questioned to determine what improvements are needed in the secondary transition process to help students with LD succeed in college. The sixteen providers from across Georgia responded to a questionnaire designed to gather

Chris Elkins

489

A Review of Mathematical Learning Disabilities in Children with Fragile X Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The prevalence rate of mathematical learning disabilities (MLD) among children with fragile X syndrome who do not meet criteria for intellectual and developmental disabilities ([approximately equal to] 50% of female children) exceeds the rate reported in the general population. The purpose of this article is two-fold: (1) to review the findings on…

Murphy, Melissa M.

2009-01-01

490

WISC-R Scatter and Patterns in Three Types of Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised (WISC-R) subtest scatter and Bannatyne recategorization scores were investigated with three types of learning disabilities in children 6 to 16 years old: visual-motor and visual-perceptual disability (N=66); auditory-perceptual and receptive language deficit (N=18); and memory deficit (N=12). Three…

Tabachnick, Barbara G.; Turbey, Carolyn B.

491

The Hale Position for a "Third Method" for Specific Learning Disabilities Identification: A Legal Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This short article provides a legal analysis of the Hale et al. white paper on specific learning disabilities identification. The white paper presents a purported consensus of experts that an approach combining response to intervention with severe discrepancy is consistent with the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). The analysis…

Zirkel, Perry A.

2013-01-01

492

Deconstructing Barriers: Perceptions of Students Labeled with Learning Disabilities in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This phenomenological study investigated barriers to higher education faced by 11 college students labeled with learning disabilities (LD) using their voice as the primary data. Data were analyzed and interpreted through a disability theory perspective revealing barriers stemmed largely from external social causes rather than individual pathology.…

Denhart, Hazel

2008-01-01

493

Barriers to Learning: A Systematic Study of the Experience of Disabled Students in One University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports the findings from a survey of all self-reported disabled students in a single UK higher education institution. Undertaken as the initial phase of a project that focuses upon students' experience of learning in higher education, it is one of the first systematic analyses to be undertaken of the experience that disabled students…

Fuller, Mary; Healey, Mick; Bradley, Andrew; Hall, Tim

2004-01-01

494

If Gifted/Learning Disabled Students Have Wisdom, They Have All Things!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores how a historical genius with learning disabilities (LD) used his giftedness to surmount his disabilities. This study compared biographical data of a historical genius with LD to geniuses without LD using the posthumous diagnostic methodology. Niels Bohr, J. Robert Oppenheimer, and Enrico Fermi were selected for investigation.…

Kim, Jin-Young; Ko, Young-Gun

2007-01-01

495

Role of Cognitive Theory in the Study of Learning Disability in Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gersten, Jordan, and Flojo (in this issue) provide the beginnings of an essential bridge between basic research on mathematical disabilities (MD) in young children and the application of this research for the early identification and remediation of these forms of learning disability. As they acknowledge, the field of MD is in the early stages of…

Geary, David C.

2005-01-01

496

The Social Experience of Early Childhood for Children with Learning Disabilities: Inclusion, Competence and Agency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper tells of the social experiences of three four-year-old children with learning disabilities as they negotiate their daily lives in their homes and early education settings in England. We apply a social model of childhood disability to the relatively unexplored territory of young children and use vignettes drawn from video observation to…

Nind, Melanie; Flewitt, Rosie; Payler, Jane

2010-01-01

497

Parents of Children with Asperger Syndrome or with Learning Disabilities: Family Environment and Social Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examined the family environment and perceived social support of 33 parents with a child diagnosed with Asperger syndrome and 43 parents with a child with learning disability, which were compared to 45 parents of children without disabilities as a control group. Parents completed the Family Environment Scale and Social Support Scale…

Heiman, Tali; Berger, Ornit

2008-01-01

498

Follow-Up Study of Reading Achievement in Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Forty-three learning disabled children referred initially between ages 7 and 14 years to a medical outpatient clinic for developmentally disabled children were evaluated and followed for a period of 5 to 7 years after which their level of academic achievement was reassessed. Initial evaluation included pediatric, neurological and developmental…

Gottesman, Ruth L.

499

Do No Harm--High Stakes Testing and Students with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report from a blue ribbon panel of experts convened by Disability Rights Advocates, Inc. and the Oregon Department of Education addresses the interplay between standardized examinations and students with learning disabilities. The report describes in detail the accommodations, alternate assessments, appeals procedures, and other safeguards…

Disability Rights Advocates, Inc., Oakland, CA.

500

Fostering STEM Based Education for Middle School Students on Learning Disability Related IEPs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Enhancing Access and Fostering Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) Program for middle schools students on Individualized Education Programs (IEPs) involving learning disabilities is a National Science Foundation Research in Disabilities Education Focused Research Initiative (RDE-FRI) funded program at The University of Akron. The program is the first such program in Northeast Ohio and will provide educational opportunities designed

Paul Lam; Dennis Doverspike; Julie Zhao; John Zhe; Craig Menzemer