Sample records for learning disabilities implications

  1. Learning Disabilities

    MedlinePLUS

    NINDS Learning Disabilities Information Page Table of Contents (click to jump to sections) What are Learning Disabilities? Is there ... Trials Organizations Additional resources from MedlinePlus What are Learning Disabilities? Learning disabilities are disorders that affect the ...

  2. Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clow, John, Ed.; Woolschlager, Ruth B., Ed.

    The learning disabilities monograph contains five brief articles dealing with various aspects of learning disabilities as they related to business education. "Learning Disabilities: A Challenge for the Vocational Business Educator" (Dorothy Munger) concerns screening students with learning disabilities into rather than out of business education…

  3. Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sittiprapaporn, Wichian, Ed.

    2012-01-01

    Learning disability is a classification that includes several disorders in which a person has difficulty learning in a typical manner. Depending on the type and severity of the disability, interventions may be used to help the individual learn strategies that will foster future success. Some interventions can be quite simplistic, while others are…

  4. Generalist genes and learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Plomin, Robert; Kovas, Yulia

    2005-07-01

    The authors reviewed recent quantitative genetic research on learning disabilities that led to the conclusion that genetic diagnoses differ from traditional diagnoses in that the effects of relevant genes are largely general rather than specific. This research suggests that most genes associated with common learning disabilities--language impairment, reading disability, and mathematics disability--are generalists in 3 ways. First, genes that affect common learning disabilities are largely the same genes responsible for normal variation in learning abilities. Second, genes that affect any aspect of a learning disability affect other aspects of the disability. Third, genes that affect one learning disability are also likely to affect other learning disabilities. These quantitative genetic findings have far-reaching implications for molecular genetics and neuroscience as well as psychology. PMID:16060804

  5. Learning Disabilities in Campers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peniston, Lorraine C.

    1999-01-01

    Notes that camp directors and counselors should be familiar with learning disabilities. Defines learning disabilities and explains accommodations of materials, procedures, and equipment; modification of activities; individuals' learned compensation strategies; and communication issues. Sidebar defines types of learning disabilities. (SAS)

  6. Learning Disabilities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gayle K. Deutsch; Robert N. Davis

    \\u000a Learning disability (LD) refers to a condition in which a child fails to develop adequate academic skills, such as reading,\\u000a writing, or calculation. LDs involve inadequate development of academic skills, rather than representing a loss of previously\\u000a acquired function, although brain lesions may certainly result in cognitive deficits that affect reading, writing, and calculation\\u000a (for a review, see Heilman and

  7. Common Core Science Standards: Implications for Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scruggs, Thomas E.; Brigham, Frederick J.; Mastropieri, Margo A.

    2013-01-01

    The Common Core Science Standards represent a new effort to increase science learning for all students. These standards include a focus on English and language arts aspects of science learning, and three dimensions of science standards, including practices of science, crosscutting concepts of science, and disciplinary core ideas in the various…

  8. Learning Disabilities: Implications for Policy regarding Research and Practice--A Report by the National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities, March 2011

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Learning Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities (NJCLD) affirms that the construct of learning disabilities represents a valid, unique, and heterogeneous group of disorders, and that recognition of this construct is essential for sound policy and practice. An extensive body of scientific research on learning disabilities continues to support…

  9. AGATHA CHRISTIE'S LEARNING DISABILITY

    Microsoft Academic Search

    LINDA S. SIEGEL

    1988-01-01

    Evidence is reviewed suggesting that Agatha Christie, the prolific and popular author, had a learning disability. In spite of excellent reading and problem solving skills, she had difficulty with spelling, arithmetic, the mechanical aspects of writing, and foreign language learning. This disability, variously called developmental output failure, dysgraphia, writing backwardness, and\\/or arithmetic\\/writing disability, obviously did not prevent her from becoming

  10. Affective and Career Education: Research Implications for the Learning Disabled Adolescent.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kendall, William S.

    The study investigated the career attitudes of three groups of learning disabled (LD) adolescents: (1) 30 LD students enrolled in secondary regular classes, (2) 30 LD students enrolled in secondary vocational training classes, and (3) 30 LD students enrolled in the regular secondary classes and receiving additional services through Learning

  11. Science and Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stanovich, Keith E.

    1988-01-01

    Reactions to H. Lee Swanson's paper "Toward a Metatheory of Learning Disabilities" are outlined, and his arguments are applied to reading disabilities, focusing on the importance of the scientific attitude, the misuse of ecological validity, interpretation of Thomas Kuhn's work, modularity and reading disability, and scientific progress toward a…

  12. Effective Literacy Instruction for Adults with Specific Learning Disabilities: Implications for Adult Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hock, Michael F.

    2012-01-01

    Adults with learning disabilities (LD) attending adult basic education, GED programs, or community colleges are among the lowest performers on measures of literacy. For example, on multiple measures of reading comprehension, adults with LD had a mean reading score at the third grade level, whereas adults without LD read at the fifth grade level.…

  13. Causal Attributions of Learning Disabled Children: Individual Differences and Their Implications for Persistence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Barbara G. Licht; Janet A. Kistner; Tulin Ozkaragoz; Susan Shapiro; Lynne Clausen

    1985-01-01

    Research has shown that learning disabled (LD) children are likely to develop a maladaptive pattern of causal attributions. However, it is unclear whether LD children are more likely to differ from their peers in terms of a greater tendency to attribute their difficulties to insufficient ability or in terms of a greater tendency to blame external factors. The present study

  14. Assessment of Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shepard, Lorrie A.

    The assessment and diagnosis of learning disabilities (LD) in the school is problematic. How do educators determine who is learning disabled? What practices are recommended? The main focus of the paper is on specific, relatively technical points that influence the validity of assessment. Since technical concerns are only one of the factors…

  15. Learning Disabilities: Lifelong Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cramer, Shirley C., Ed.; Ellis, William, Ed.

    This book contains papers on learning disabilities based on presentations made at the "Summit on Learning Disabilities: A National Responsibility," held in September 1994. The first section provides an overview and includes "The State of Research" (G. Reid Lyon). The second section focuses on education and includes: "Preventing Early Reading…

  16. The Relationship between Learning Disabilities and Delinquency and the Vocational Rehabilitation Process regarding Specific Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Briney, Marilou S.; Satcher, Jamie

    This paper discusses the relationship between students with learning disabilities and delinquency and the implications for the vocational rehabilitation process. Learning disabilities and juvenile delinquency are defined to establish a theoretical and conceptual framework. Four hypotheses that have been proposed to explain why individuals with…

  17. The Gifted Learning Disabled Student.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1994

    This collection of articles on gifted learning disabled students begins with an explanation of the philosophy of the Center for Talented Youth at Johns Hopkins University (Maryland), a list of characteristics of gifted disabled students, and three definitions of learning disabilities. The following papers are then provided: "Gifted but Learning

  18. Math Learning Disabilities

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Kate Garnett

    1998-01-01

    In this article Dr. Kate Garnett defines five areas of math learning disabilities and provides suggestions on how adequate differentiated instruction and modifications can help students overcome these obstacles. The five areas are: Mastering Basic Number Facts, Arithmetic Weakness/Math Talent, The Written Symbol and Concrete Materials, The Language of Math, and Visual-Spatial Aspects of Math.

  19. An Exploration of Learning Disabilities in Four Countries: Implications for Test Development and Use in Developing Countries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oakland, Thomas; Mpofu, Elias; Gregoire, Jacques; Faulkner, Michael

    2007-01-01

    Tests often are used to assist in assessing common childhood disabilities and disorders (e.g., mental retardation). Learning disabilities and difficulties (LD) constitute the plurality, even the majority, of school-related disorders in many countries. However, tests and other assessment methods to assess LD are not available universally and, among…

  20. Familial Patterns of Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Sandra

    1992-01-01

    Pedigree analysis of 12 young adults (9 of whom had learning disabilities) indicated that learning disability (LD) was strongly familial but that the type of disability (reading or math) was not directly inherited. Autoimmune disorders were significantly correlated with LD. In seven of the LD families, adults failed to overcome earlier reading and…

  1. Lessons Learned in Scaling Up Effective Practices: Implications for Promoting Self-Determination within Developmental Disabilities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ansley Bacon; Hill M. Walker; Allen A. Schwartz; David M. OHara; Carl Calkins; Michael L. Wehmeyer

    2011-01-01

    The public's increasing demands for greater accountability and a better return on investment from research supported by federal funding requires that organizations studying and solving problems in areas like health, education, disability, and child mental health document the impact of their work. Human service and educational professionals agree that implementation science is the missing link that connects research outcomes to

  2. Adults with Learning Disabilities Redux.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gerber, Paul J.

    2003-01-01

    This introductory article on adults with learning disabilities considers historical antecedents, the role of public policy (the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the 1975 Education for All Handicapped Children Act), the movement within the field of learning disabilities emphasizing transition to adulthood, and the continuance of public policy…

  3. Generalist Genes and Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Plomin, Robert; Kovas, Yulia

    2005-01-01

    The authors reviewed recent quantitative genetic research on learning disabilities that led to the conclusion that genetic diagnoses differ from traditional diagnoses in that the effects of relevant genes are largely general rather than specific. This research suggests that most genes associated with common learning disabilities--language…

  4. Learning Disabilities in Adolescent and Adult Populations: Research Implications (Part II).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alley, Gorden R.; And Others

    1983-01-01

    Four main topics are addressed (sample findings in parentheses): generalization (LD adolescents have trouble generalizing across settings); motivation (goal setting and self-control can be effective); social skills (LD subjects can readily learn social skills); and young adulthood (LD young adults face difficulties coping with daily living and…

  5. Learning Disabilities Association of America

    MedlinePLUS

    ... with LD Mental Health Resources 2016 Call for Papers Open Read more Learning Disabilities Association of America ... 15-18, 2016. Anyone wishing to present a paper, conduct a workshop, provide an informational session, or ...

  6. Language-Based Learning Disabilities

    MedlinePLUS

    ... or symptoms of a language-based learning disability? Dyslexia has been used to refer to the specific ... problems have spoken language problems. The child with dyslexia has trouble almost exclusively with the written (or ...

  7. The Eye and Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sight-Saving Review, 1971

    1971-01-01

    A joint organizational statement on vision and therapy for learning disabilities and dyslexia is presented by the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American Academy of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology, and the American Association of Ophthalmology. (CB)

  8. Diagnostic Utility of the Learning Disability Index.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watkins, Marley W.; Kush, Joseph C.; Schaefer, Barbara A.

    2002-01-01

    This study compared students diagnosed with learning disabilities (n=2,053) and students without learning disabilities (n=2,200) on the Learning Disability Index (LDI). Subsamples of specific reading and math disabilities permitted further assessment. Analysis indicated the LDI resulted in a correct diagnostic decision only 55 to 64 percent of the…

  9. Do Schools Have Learning Disabilities?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knight, Jim

    1998-01-01

    Summarizes key themes described in the learning organization literature and discusses ways in which each theme illuminates how schools might be better organized to deliver services for students with disabilities. Addresses organizational learning, knowledge, authentic communication, vision, steward leadership, systems perspective, and…

  10. Learning about Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Popp, Rita Ann

    1983-01-01

    The author describes lessons provided for regular class elementary students to help them understand disabilities and disabled persons. Objectives, materials needed, and activities are outlined for six lessons focusing on the following topics: individual differences, wheelchairs; devices that help people walk; amputation, artificial limbs, and…

  11. A Varied Perspective on Specific Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Robert T., Ed.

    1980-01-01

    Eleven brief articles focus on specific learning disabilities with emphasis on programs in New York State and City. Articles have the following titles and authors: "The History of Learning Disabilities Revisited" (J. Wiederholt, G. Hale); "The Learning in Learning Disability--Ask What, Not Why" (R. Schworm) which stresses the need to identify…

  12. Forensic Learning Disability Nursing Role Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mason, Tom; Phipps, Dianne; Melling, Kat

    2011-01-01

    This article reports on a study carried out on the role constructs of forensic and nonforensic Learning Disability Nursing in relation to six binary themes. The aims were to identify if there were differences in perceptions of forensic learning disability nurses and nonforensic learning disability nurses in relation to the six binary themes of the…

  13. Responsiveness to Intervention and Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Learning Disability Quarterly, 2005

    2005-01-01

    The National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities (NJCLD) is a national committee representing 11 organizations concerned about individuals with learning disabilities. The NJCLD considers and discusses contemporary issues in learning disabilities and develops and disseminates reports and statements related to these issues to influence policy…

  14. Learning Disabilities: The Decade Ahead.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krasnoff, Margaret J., Ed.

    Presented are ten papers given at a 1974 conference focusing on realistic goals for serving learning disabled children in the decade ahead. Papers have the following titles and authors: "Introduction and Overview of the Problem of the Conference" (W. Cruickshank); "Concepts of Vision in Relation to Perception" (G. Getman); "Motor Activities and…

  15. Physiological Manifestations of Learning Disability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dykman, Roscoe A.; And Others

    1983-01-01

    The article reviews the physiological studies (excluding electrocortical and electroencephalographic literature) that have been done on nonhyperactive learning disabled (LD) youngsters. The evidence reviewed indicates some degree of attentional deficit in LD children but does not necessarily imply brain damage or brain dysfunction. (Author/CL)

  16. Teachers' Understanding of Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, David W.; Coleman, Diana L.

    A survey of 135 Pennsylvania regular classroom teachers (kindergarten through grade 8) examined their understanding of learning disabilities (LD) and the degree to which they felt prepared to work with LD students. The survey sought information on: (1) teacher preparation, knowledge, and experience related to identifying and working with LD…

  17. Perception of Nonverbal Emotion Cues by Children with Nonverbal Learning Disabilities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Victoria L. Petti; Sylvia L. Voelker; Douglas L. Shore; Susan E. Hayman-Abello

    2003-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to document deficits in the perception of nonverbal emotion cues that have been implicated as a cause of social maladjustment in children with nonverbal learning disabilities (NLD). Thirty-three children between the ages of 9 and 14 identified as having NLD, verbal learning disabilities (VLD), or as nonlearning disabled psychiatric controls were administered the Diagnostic

  18. Curing Our "Epidemic" of Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spear-Swerling, Louise; Sternberg, Robert J.

    1998-01-01

    Educators wishing to help low-achieving children must discard the concept of learning disabilities entirely and adopt a new way of thinking about children's learning problems. Learning-disabilities specialists should become learning specialists who understand the cognitive processes typically involved in acquiring academic skills, ways the…

  19. Comprehension of Humor in Children with Nonverbal Learning Disabilities, Reading Disabilities, and without Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Semrud-Clikeman, Margaret; Glass, Kimberly

    2008-01-01

    The normal development of humor in children has been well documented with a predictable course that is tied to social, cognitive, and linguistic development in children. This study explored humor comprehension in children with nonverbal learning disabilities (NVLD). Children with NVLD were compared with children with reading disabilities and a…

  20. 34 CFR 300.307 - Specific learning disabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...307 Specific learning disabilities. (a) General. A...child has a specific learning disability as defined in § 300.8...severe discrepancy between intellectual ability and achievement...child has a specific learning disability, as defined in §...

  1. 34 CFR 300.307 - Specific learning disabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...Procedures for Identifying Children with Specific Learning Disabilities § 300...determining whether a child has a specific learning disability as defined...determining whether a child has a specific learning disability, as...

  2. 34 CFR 300.307 - Specific learning disabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...Procedures for Identifying Children with Specific Learning Disabilities § 300...determining whether a child has a specific learning disability as defined...determining whether a child has a specific learning disability, as...

  3. 34 CFR 300.307 - Specific learning disabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...Procedures for Identifying Children with Specific Learning Disabilities § 300...determining whether a child has a specific learning disability as defined...determining whether a child has a specific learning disability, as...

  4. Mathematics Education for Students with Learning Disabilities: Theory to Practice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rivera, Diane Pedrotty, Ed.

    This book addresses teaching mathematics to students with learning disabilities, including characteristics and assessment of mathematics learning disabilities, mathematics programming and interventions, and teacher preparation. Chapters include: (1) "Mathematics Education and Students with Learning Disabilities: Instruction" (Diane Pedrotty…

  5. Children with Learning Disabilities: Interpersonal Skills and Social Competence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    La Greca, Annette M.

    1987-01-01

    Research on the peer relationship problems of learning disabled (LD) children is summarized, highlighting methodological shortcomings and drawing implications for social intervention. Noted are tendencies of LD children to be frequently off task, to have more negative interactions with teachers and peers, and to be conversationally less assertive.…

  6. Learning Disabilities: A Neurobiological Perspective in Humans.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bonnet, Kenneth A.

    1989-01-01

    The mechanisms of both language-based and non-language-based learning disabilities are presented within the framework of central nervous system development and the compromises to that development that arise from genetic, hormonal, antibody, medication, and postnatal compromises. Also reviewed is the need for a taxonomy of learning disabilities.…

  7. Learning Disabilities: The Challenges of Adulthood.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patton, James R., Ed.; Polloway, Edward A., Ed.

    This collection of 13 essays focuses on the many challenges that adults with learning disabilities face in educational, work, and social settings. The essays are: (1) "Adults with Learning Disabilities: An Emerging Area of Professional Interest and Public Attention" (James R. Patton and Edward A. Polloway); (2) "Adult Development Theories: An…

  8. The Complete Learning Disabilities Directory. 2011 Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grey House Publishing, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Published for over a decade, this directory continues to be a successful, sought-after resource, providing valuable information to professionals, families, and individuals in the learning disabilities community. Supported by the National Center for Learning Disabilities, this 2011 edition brings together the most up-to-date information on LD…

  9. Lateral dominance in children with learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Connolly, B H

    1983-02-01

    The purpose of the study was to investigate the occurrence of lateral dominance problems in a sample of children with learning disabilities. Ninety-one children (62 boys, 29 girls) who attended a school for children with learning disabilities were selected for the study. The Harris tests of lateral dominance were administered individually, and the children were rated as having right, left, or mixed dominance for hand, eye, and foot. When compared with normative data on dominance in children, the results showed that the occurrence of mixed hand dominance was no more frequent, the occurrence of mixed eye dominance was less frequent, and the occurrence of mixed foot dominance was more frequent in the children with learning disabilities. Results also showed that the occurrence of mixed and crossed eye-hand dominance was significantly different in children with learning disabilities when compared with children without learning disabilities. However, the occurrence of mixed eye-hand dominance was found to be significantly greater in children without learning disabilities than in learning disabled children. Age and sex were not found to affect the occurrence of lateral dominance problems in children with learning disabilities. PMID:6823468

  10. Gifted and Talented and Learning Disabled.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Phyllis, Ed.

    2000-01-01

    This issue of a research journal on gifted education explores issues surrounding gifted children who also have learning disabilities. Specific articles include: (1) "Notes, Quotes, and Anecdotes" (Francis Cartier); (2) "Gifted Children with Learning Disabilities: A Review of the Issues" (Linda E. Brody and Carol J. Mills), which examines current…

  11. An Overview of Adult Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haig, Joan M.; Patterson, Becky H.

    An overview of adult learning disabilities is presented with an emphasis on the most recent developments in the field. Areas discussed are definition, characteristics, current literature, and program design. Various definitions of a learning disabled adult are identified and the problems associated with these definitions are considered. The…

  12. Learning Disabilities In-Service Training Kit.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simpson, Bickley

    Included in the training kit for teachers in the area of learning disabilities are materials developed by Project Lighthouse for experimental field usage to test the materials. The problem of educating children with learning disabilities is summarized, as is Piaget's model of logical activity. The major divisions of the text then deal with the…

  13. Adults with learning disabilities and psychiatric problems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mike Vanstraelen; Geraldine Holt; Nick Bouras

    The co-occurrence of psychiatric illness with a learning disability has been well established, and people with learning disabilities are more likely to suffer from mental ill health (including behavioural disorders, personality disorders, autistic-spectrum disorders and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) (Deb et al, 2001b). The arrival of effective medical and psychosocial treatments for psychiatric disorders makes their diagnosis in those with learning

  14. Intraindividual differences in motivation and cognition in students with and without learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Pintrich, P R; Anderman, E M; Klobucar, C

    1994-01-01

    The present study examines several cognitive and motivational variables that distinguish children with learning disabilities (n = 19) from children without learning disabilities (n = 20). The total sample included 30 males and 9 females and was composed of white, fifth-grade students from a middle-class community in the Midwest. Results showed that although the students with learning disabilities displayed lower levels of metacognitive knowledge and reading comprehension, they did not differ from the students without learning disabilities on self-efficacy, intrinsic orientation, or anxiety. In addition, they did not show any signs of learned helplessness, although they did tend to attribute success and failure to external causes more often than the students without learning disabilities. Using a cluster analysis that grouped individuals, we found that differences in the motivational and cognitive variables cut across a priori categories of children with and without learning disabilities. Three clusters were formed: one with high comprehension, motivation, and metacognition (mostly children without learning disabilities); one with low levels of comprehension and metacognition but high intrinsic motivation (all children with learning disabilities); and one with low intrinsic motivation but average comprehension, metacognition, and attributional style (approximately equal numbers of children with and without learning disabilities). Implications for diagnosis and intervention for students with learning disabilities are discussed. PMID:8051509

  15. An Audit of Adults with Profound and Multiple Learning Disabilities within a West Midlands Community Health Trust--Implications for Service Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gittins, Deborah; Rose, Nikki

    2008-01-01

    An audit was carried out to gain an overview of the profound and multiple learning disabilities (PMLD) population in a local health trust to inform current and future service provision. An overview of the issues faced in developing clear defining criteria is presented. Published definitions of PMLD were used to identify clients from data held on…

  16. A Meta-Analytic Review of Graphic Organizers and Science Instruction for Adolescents with Learning Disabilities: Implications for the Intermediate and Secondary Science Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dexter, Douglas D.; Park, Youn J.; Hughes, Charles A.

    2011-01-01

    This article presents a meta-analysis of experimental and quasi-experimental studies in which intermediate and secondary students with learning disabilities were taught science content through the use of graphic organizers (GOs). Following an exhaustive search for studies meeting specified selection criteria, 23 standardized mean effect sizes were…

  17. Social and Personal Characteristics of the Learning Disabled: Limitations and Implications for the Adolescent and Young Adult. Position Paper Series: Document No. 9.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seidenberg, Pearl L.

    The paper examines current research on the social and personal competence of learning disabled (LD) adolescents and young adults, revealing two major lines of inquiry: (1) interpersonal environment (perceptions by others, sociometric status, social behavior deficits, verbal and nonverbal communication skills), and (2) affective status…

  18. Inconsistencies in the Roles of Family- and Paid- Carers in Monitoring Health Issues in People with Learning Disabilities: Some Implications for the Integration of Health and Social Care

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Willis, Diane S.

    2015-01-01

    Changes in the living circumstances of people with learning disabilities have seen responsibility for their health become the provenance of paid-and family-carers. Thirteen semi-structured interviews were conducted with three family-carers and ten paid-carers. Findings revealed that the role of these carers was undefined, leading to difficulty in…

  19. A Two Hundred Year History of Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlson, Shirley

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this paper was to track the history of learning disabilities and collect intervention theories which might be helpful for adult college students suffering from any number of learning disabilities (LD). There is a vast difference between a learning difficulty and a learning disability; an individual with learning difficulty can learn

  20. Would Rethinking Learning Disabilities Benefit Kuwait?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bazna, Maysaa; Reid, D. Kim

    2009-01-01

    Learning disabilities education in Kuwait grew from Kuwaiti's wholesale importation of the Western, medical model of disability--a model basically incompatible with Kuwaiti culture. Conflicting factors include its problematic normal/abnormal binary, its assumption that the "deficit" is located in the student and the segregation of students by…

  1. Difference Not Deficit: Reconceptualizing Mathematical Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Katherine E.

    2014-01-01

    Mathematical learning disability (MLD) research often conflates low achievement with disabilities and focuses exclusively on deficits of students with MLDs. In this study, the author adopts an alternative approach using a response-to-intervention MLD classification model to identify the resources students draw on rather than the skills they lack.…

  2. Teaching Algebra to Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Impecoven-Lind, Linda S.; Foegen, Anne

    2010-01-01

    Algebra is a gateway to expanded opportunities, but it often poses difficulty for students with learning disabilities. Consequently, it is essential to identify evidence-based instructional strategies for these students. The authors begin by identifying three areas of algebra difficulty experienced by students with disabilities: cognitive…

  3. Clinical Syndromes among the Learning Disabled.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewandowski, Lawrence J.

    1985-01-01

    Four physiological conditions associated with later learning disabilities are noted: Turner Syndrome (a chromosomal abnormality), preterm children with intracranial hemorrhage, children with incompletely developed connecting fibers between the cerebral hemispheres, and children with acquired brain injury. (CL)

  4. Technology in the Assessment of Learning Disability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bigler, Erin D.; Lajiness-O'Neill, Renee; Howes, Nancy-Louise

    1998-01-01

    Reviews recent neuroradiologic and brain imaging techniques in the assessment of learning disability. Technologies reviewed include computerized tomography; magnetic resonance imaging; electrophysiological and metabolic imaging; computerized electroencepholographic studies of evoked potentials, event-related potentials, spectral analysis, and…

  5. Best practice in learning disability and dementia 

    E-print Network

    Wilkinson, Heather; Kerr, Diana; Forbat, Liz

    Dementia is a particular concern for service providers supporting older people with learning disabilities. Until recently little forward planning had been built into services to prepare for residents to grow older, and ...

  6. Judgement of emotion by learning disabled adolescents

    E-print Network

    Rand, Carol Crumm

    1978-01-01

    , sex, and/or age have a significant effect upon the learning disabled adolescent's accuracy in the interpretation of emotion. Subjects were forty male and female learning disabled adolescents in a small Texas Gulf Coast town. Each was given forty... photo- graphs in which eight models of varyi ng race, age and sex portrayed the emotions of happiness, sadness, fear, anger and disgust. Accuracy was determined by comparing student response with the standard established by a panel of five special...

  7. Overcoming the obstacles: Life stories of scientists with learning disabilities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Force, Crista Marie

    Scientific discovery is at the heart of solving many of the problems facing contemporary society. Scientists are retiring at rates that exceed the numbers of new scientists. Unfortunately, scientific careers still appear to be outside the reach of most individuals with learning disabilities. The purpose of this research was to better understand the methods by which successful learning disabled scientists have overcome the barriers and challenges associated with their learning disabilities in their preparation and performance as scientists. This narrative inquiry involved the researcher writing the life stories of four scientists. These life stories were generated from extensive interviews in which each of the scientists recounted their life histories. The researcher used narrative analysis to "make sense" of these learning disabled scientists' life stories. The narrative analysis required the researcher to identify and describe emergent themes characterizing each scientist's life. A cross-case analysis was then performed to uncover commonalities and differences in the lives of these four individuals. Results of the cross-case analysis revealed that all four scientists had a passion for science that emerged at an early age, which, with strong drive and determination, drove these individuals to succeed in spite of the many obstacles arising from their learning disabilities. The analysis also revealed that these scientists chose careers based on their strengths; they actively sought mentors to guide them in their preparation as scientists; and they developed coping techniques to overcome difficulties and succeed. The cross-case analysis also revealed differences in the degree to which each scientist accepted his or her learning disability. While some demonstrated inferior feelings about their successes as scientists, still other individuals revealed feelings of having superior abilities in areas such as visualization and working with people. These individuals revealed beliefs that they developed these special abilities as a result of their learning differences, which made them better than their non-learning disabled peers in certain areas. Finally, the researcher discusses implications of these findings in the light of special accommodations that can be made by teachers, school counselors, and parents to encourage learning disabled children who demonstrate interest in becoming scientists.

  8. Sex Differences in Learning Abilities and Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nass, Ruth D.

    1993-01-01

    This review of the male preponderance in the prevalence of learning disabilities examines such factors as gender-related etiology differences and learning style differences; complications of pregnancy and infancy; effects of male hormones on the nervous system; and sex differences in maturity rates. (JDD)

  9. Gifted and Learning Disabled: Twice Exceptional Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beckley, Dawn

    This paper discusses the characteristics, identification, and curriculum needs of gifted students who also have learning disabilities. Three different subgroups of twice-exceptional students are described: (1) students who have been identified as gifted yet are exhibiting difficulties in school; (2) students identified as having learning

  10. A Successful Treatment Model for Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meeker, Mary

    1989-01-01

    The Structure of Intellect approach for assessing and treating learning disabilities is presented, including a behavior checklist and suggested home and school learning activities. The Meeker paradigm identifies three areas of student functioning: cognitive/academic, social/emotional, and physio-neurological. Procedures are outlined for using the…

  11. PROGRESS IN LEARNING DISABILITIES. VOLUME I.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MYKLEBUST, HELMER R., ED.

    THE FIRST OF A SERIES DEALING WITH LEARNING DISABILITIES FROM A PSYCHONEUROLOGICAL STANDPOINT, THE VOLUME CONTAINS CURRENT DISCUSSIONS AND RESEARCH REPORTS. TEN AUTHORS FROM A VARIETY OF FIELDS CONTRIBUTE CHAPTERS, EACH WITH AN ACCOMPANYING LIST OF REFERENCES. THE EDITOR, H.R. MYKLEBUST, PROVIDES THE OPENING ARTICLE ON "LEARNING

  12. 45 CFR 1308.14 - Eligibility criteria: Learning disabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...conditions as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, and aphasia...classified as having a learning disability if: (1) The child...developmental milestones and intellectual ability in one or more of...motor, hearing or emotional disabilities, mental retardation,...

  13. Children with Learning Disabilities. Facts for Families. Number 16

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry (NJ1), 2011

    2011-01-01

    Parents are often worried when their child has learning problems in school. There are many reasons for school failure, but a common one is a specific learning disability. Children with learning disabilities can have intelligence in the normal range but the specific learning disability may make teachers and parents concerned about their general…

  14. Investigating alternative conceptions in learning disabled students

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cole, Terry Stokes

    Science teachers have long noticed the fact that their students come to school with their own concepts, produced from daily experiences and interactions with the world around them. Sometimes these ideas are in agreement with accepted scientific theories, but often they are not. These "incorrect" ideas, or "misconceptions" have been the focus of many studies, which can be helpful to teachers when planning their lessons. However, there is a dearth of information that is geared specifically to students with learning disabilities. These students generally have deficits in areas of perception and learning that could conceivably influence the way they formulate concepts. The purpose of this study was to examine the concepts held by students with learning disabilities on the causes of the day/night cycle, the phases of the moon, and the seasons. An interview format was judged to be the best method of ensuring that the students' ideas were clearly documented. The subjects were five, sixth-grade students in a city school, who had been determined to have a learning disability. In examining the results, there did not seem to be any direct link between the type of misconception formed and the learning deficit of the child. It seemed more likely that students formed their concepts the way students usually do, but the various disabilities they exhibited interfered with their learning of more appropriate conceptions. The results of this study will be helpful to science teachers, curriculum planners, or anyone who works with students who have learning disabilities. It is hoped that this will begin to fill a void in the area of learning disabilities research.

  15. Helping Students With Learning Disabilities Succeed

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Marcee M. Steele

    2008-03-01

    Students with learning disabilities (LD) frequently take general education science classes because their disabilities are very mild. Sometimes, however, it is difficult for students with LD to succeed in the classes and pass the related high-stakes assessments mandated by No Child Left Behind (NCLB). In this article, the author reviews typical LD characteristics that interfere with science instruction and then presents classroom modifications that are critical for students with LD and may also be valuable for all students.

  16. Assessment and Documentation Considerations for Postsecondary Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lindstrom, Jennifer H.; Lindstrom, Will

    2011-01-01

    In order to gain access to accommodations and services at colleges and universities, students with learning disabilities must provide documentation of their disabilities, and as students with learning disabilities access higher education at increasing rates, the need for documentation of their disabilities and its impact becomes even more…

  17. GENERAL INFORMATION The definition of a learning disability may

    E-print Network

    Almor, Amit

    in accordance with the Individual with Disabilities Education Act (Public Law 99-147). The definitionGENERAL INFORMATION The definition of a learning disability may vary according to which agency's definition you adhere to. However, the office of Disability Services defines a learning disability

  18. Mathematics and Metacognition in Adolescents and Adults with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Desoete, Annemie

    2009-01-01

    A majority of studies on learning disabilities have focused on elementary grades. Although problems with learning disabilities are life-affecting only a few studies focus on deficits in adults. In this study adults with isolated mathematical disabilities (n = 101) and adults with combined mathematical and reading disabilities (n = 130) solved…

  19. Vocational education and students with learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Cawley, J F; Kahn, H; Tedesco, A

    1989-12-01

    This inquiry focuses on the status of nearly 500 students with learning disabilities in 17 state-operated regional vocational-technical schools in a northeastern state. The inquiry addressed four primary concerns: patterns of assessment, career choice, school marks, and attendance. The data indicate that a variety of instruments were used in the assessment process and that the overall grade equivalent levels of attainment ranged between fifth- and seventh-grade levels. Children defined as learning disabled participated in a large number of vocational trade specialties and some 50% or more had school marks indicating that they were passing in these areas. Attendance was high. Many children with learning disabilities successfully perform in competitive vocational education programs designed to produce proficiency at the level of journey person. PMID:2592867

  20. A Critique of "Controversial Medical Treatments of Learning Disabilities"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feingold, Benjamin F.

    1977-01-01

    The author replies to the article titled "Controversial Medical Treatments of Learning Disabilities" (R. Sieben), and discusses research on the relationship between food additives and hyperactivity, and dietary treatments for learning disabled children. (IM)

  1. Introductory Level College Geography Courses and the Learning Disabled Student.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brownlee, William

    1989-01-01

    Defines learning disabilities and delineates characteristics of learning disabled students. Outlines steps to be taken by college geography departments for students who enroll in introductory-level geography classes. (SLM)

  2. Contrasting Adult Literacy Learners With and Without Specific Learning Disabilities

    E-print Network

    Patterson, Margaret; Mellard, Daryl

    2008-04-01

    Contrasting adult literacy learners with and without specific learning disabilities This study of 311 adult education (AE) learners found 29% self-reported having a specific learning disability (SLD). Significant differences ...

  3. Being a Parent with a Learning Disability: A Qualitative Study 

    E-print Network

    Shewan, Laura

    2011-01-01

    This research portfolio aims to further explore the issues faced by parents with a learning disability. Firstly, a systematic review of qualitative research into the social support of parents with a learning disability ...

  4. Accessible Article: Involving People with Learning Disabilities in Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garbutt, Ruth; Tattersall, John; Dunn, Jo; Boycott-Garnett, Rachel

    2010-01-01

    This is an article that talks about our research about sex and relationships for people with learning disabilities. It talks about how people with learning disabilities have been fully involved in the research. (Contains 2 footnotes.)

  5. Specificity and Characteristics of Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eisenmajer, Natasha; Ross, Nola; Pratt, Chris

    2005-01-01

    Background: The specificity of impairments in specific reading disabilities (SRD) and specific language impairments (SLI) has recently been questioned, with many children recruited for studies of SRD and SLI demonstrating impairments in both reading and oral language development. This has implications for the results of SRD and SLI studies where…

  6. Social Competence of Learning Disabled Children: Cognitive and Emotional Aspects

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Malka Margalit; Amiram Raviv

    1988-01-01

    The aim of the study was to investigate the structure of social competence among learning disabled children, as reported by themselves and their teachers, and the cognitive and emotional aspects that mediate its level. The sample consisted of 40 learning disabled children and 37 matched nondisabled children. Within Harter's competence model and Schaefer's spherical model, the learning disabled group demonstrated

  7. Relationships of People with Learning Disabilities in Ireland

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bane, Geraldine; Deely, Marie; Donohoe, Brian; Dooher, Martin; Flaherty, Josephine; Iriarte, Edurne Garcia; Hopkins, Rob; Mahon, Ann; Minogue, Ger; Mc Donagh, Padraig; O'Doherty, Siobhain; Curry, Martin; Shannon, Stephen; Tierney, Edel; Wolfe, Marie

    2012-01-01

    This study explored the perspectives of people with learning disabilities on relationships and supports in the Republic of Ireland. A national research network consisting of 21 researchers with learning disabilities, 12 supporters, and 7 university researchers conducted the study. Researchers with learning disabilities and their supporters ran 16…

  8. A Time to Define: Making the Specific Learning Disability Definition Prescribe Specific Learning Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kavale, Kenneth A.; Spaulding, Lucinda S.; Beam, Andrea P.

    2009-01-01

    Unlike other special education categories defined in U.S. law (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act), the definition of specific learning disability (SLD) has not changed since first proposed in 1968. Thus, although the operational definition of SLD has responded to new knowledge and understanding about the construct, the formal definition…

  9. Teaching Science to Students with Learning Disabilities

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This helpful article lists and explains six core principles for teaching science to students with learning disabilities, as well as practical examples for each principle. One of the principles explains how different students learn in different ways, and have different strengths. An important thing that is explained is how organization is key for both LD kids and teachers. Teaching in a clear and fresh way is also very important.

  10. Psychiatric disabilities and the Americans with Disabilities Act: implications for policy and practice.

    PubMed

    Pardeck, J T

    1998-01-01

    People with psychiatric disabilities are often victims of job discrimination. The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 makes it very clear that job discrimination based on a psychiatric impairment is illegal. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) reports that psychiatric disability is one of the leading causes why persons file discrimination complaints. Given this situation, an analysis is offered of what constitutes a psychiatric disability under the ADA. An overview, an analysis, and examples of the kinds of accommodations employers can be expected to provide people with psychiatric disabilities are offered. The policy and practice implications of the employment provisions (Title I) in the area of psychiatric disabilities are presented. PMID:10185053

  11. Controversial Medical Treatments of Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sieben, Robert L.

    1977-01-01

    The author presents a critical review of popular medical treatments for children with learning disabilities, including dietary treatment (food additives theories, brain allergies, hypoglycemia, megavitamin therapy, and trace mineral tests) and neurophysiologic retraining (patterning, sensory integrative therapy, and optometric training). (IM)

  12. The Learning Disabled Girl: A Profile.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hassett, Irene D.; Gurian, Anita

    The learning disabilities literature of the past 15 years pertaining to sex differences is reviewed, including prevalence in children, socialization effects, physiological vulnerability, family patterns, differing expectations of parents and teachers, and differing patterns of response to failure. Analysis of data obtained over the last 2 years on…

  13. Services for Learning Disabled Adolescents: A Survey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNutt, Gaye; Heller, Ginger

    1978-01-01

    A survey of 301 randomly selected local education agencies was undertaken in order to estimate the availability and types of special services currently provided to specific learning disabled adolescents, the identification and placement procedures used, and the primary problems in service delivery. (PHR)

  14. Requesting Strategies of Learning Disabled Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donahue, Mavis L.

    The pragmatic competence of 33 learning disabled (LD) children (grades 2, 4 and 6) was examined on a task that allowed for the separate assessment of linguistic and social knowledge, i.e., the ability to appropriately vary politeness and persuasive strategies as a function of listener status. LD and non LD Ss made requests of four imaginary…

  15. Learning Disabilities, Literacy, and Adult Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vogel, Susan A., Ed.; Reder, Stephen, Ed.

    This book deals with the long-neglected problem of learning disabilities (LDs) and the relationship of LDs to difficulties in the acquisition of literacy. Its 17 chapters are divided into 5 sections that begin with an opener to help the reader identify the main themes and content of each chapter in the section. Four chapters in Section I address…

  16. PRESCHOOL PREDICTION AND PREVENTION OF LEARNING DISABILITIES.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    BEERY, KEITH E.

    THE OBJECTIVES OF THIS INITIAL REPORT OF A FOUR-YEAR PROJECT WERE (1) TO DEMONSTRATE A METHOD FOR THE PREDICTION AND PREVENTION OF LEARNING DISABILITIES, (2) TO FOSTER UNDERSTANDING OF CHILD DEVELOPMENT AMONG TEACHERS, PARENTS, AND PHYSICIANS. SUBJECTS WERE THE 3 1/2 TO 5 1/2 YEAR OLD CHILDREN OF AN ENTIRE SCHOOL DISTRICT. RESEARCHERS WERE…

  17. Comment: The Eye and Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benton, Curtis D., Jr.

    1973-01-01

    In the rebuttal to charges made by Nathan Flax, an optometrist, regarding the joint organizational statement of three medical associations concerning treatment of dyslexia and related learning disabilities, the author discusses the five controversial points and largely reaffirms the statement's conclusions. (MC)

  18. Learning Strategies for Adolescents with Mild Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conderman, Greg; Koman, Kara; Schibelka, Mary; Higgin, Karen; Cooper, Cody; Butler, Jordyn

    2013-01-01

    Learning strategy instruction is an evidence-based practice for teaching adolescents with mild disabilities. However, researchers have not developed strategies for every content area or skill. Therefore, teachers need to be able develop strategies based on the needs of their students. This article reviews the process for developing and teaching…

  19. Mnemonic Strategy Instruction with Learning Disabled Adolescents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mastropieri, Margo A.; And Others

    1985-01-01

    In two experiments, students (10 learning disabled ninth graders and 45 nondisabled seventh graders) were taught the hardness levels of minerals according to either a keyword-pegword mnemonic, a questioning procedure, or free study. Mnemonic students significantly outrecalled both questioning and free-study students regardless of students'…

  20. Learning Disability and Depression in Young Adulthood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MacInnes, Maryhelen; Broman, Clifford L.

    2013-01-01

    It is well established that children and adolescents with learning disabilities are more likely to experience depressed mood than are their peers. Many scholars explain this relationship as resulting from low self-esteem, stress, or social isolation. However, little work has explored whether this relationship continues to exist into young…

  1. Can Learning Disabilities Explain Low Literacy Performance?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKenna, Gregory S.

    2010-01-01

    The primary purpose of this report is to explore within the Canadian context the relationship between Self-Reported Learning Disabilities (SRLD) and low literacy performance using the Canadian portion of the public data set from the 2003 International Adult Literacy and Life Skills Survey (IALSS). Two primary research questions related to SRLD…

  2. Learning Disabilities Overview: Update 2002. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boudah, Daniel J.; Weiss, Margaret P.

    This digest of what is currently known about learning disabilities (LD) begins with a brief vignette and then notes that individuals with LD generally have average or above average intelligence, yet underachieve in academics. Five common problem areas for individuals with LD are also examined: reading, written language, math, memory, and…

  3. Specific Learning Disability, 1982-83 Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Enell, Nancy C.; Lee, Peter

    During the spring of 1981, a San Juan Task force of special education staff members developed revised criteria for the identification of students with specific learning disabilities (SLD). This report covers the second year of discrepancy criteria implementation. It examines the identification of 225 students with SLD during the first semester of…

  4. Career Guidance for Learning-Disabled Youth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Charles P.; Chan, Janice

    2014-01-01

    Learning disabilities (LDs) describe a number of disorders that affect the way information is acquired, retained, organized, and understood. This article aims to address the critical issue of improving the career well-being of LD youth. It first examines several critical issues that affect LD high school students/youth in their career development.…

  5. Nonverbal learning disabilities: A critical review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Otfried Spreen

    2011-01-01

    This article presents a critical review of the term and concept of nonverbal learning disability (NLD). After a brief historical introduction, the article focuses on the apparent rarity of NLD; the hypothesis of the frequent co-occurrence of emotional disorder, depression, and suicide in NLD; the white matter hypothesis as an explanation of the origin of NLD; and the question of

  6. A Current View of Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feagans, Lynne

    1983-01-01

    The issue of defining learning disability is considered. Important recent trends in research are reviewed with regard to: intellectual skills, academic retardation, neurological and behavioral dysfunction, and cognitive and interactive processes. Current intervention methods are also briefly described. Available from: Journal of Pediatrics, C.V.…

  7. Successful Learning Strategies To Use with Gifted Learning Disabled Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wees, Janet

    This paper describes a special class program for gifted students (aged 9 to 12) with learning disabilities in Calgary (Alberta). The program has evolved over its 4 years to stress kinesthetic, experiential learning. The issue of remediation versus enrichment was resolved when it was found that the students responded best to whole theme…

  8. Multiple intelligences and underachievement: lessons from individuals with learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Hearne, D; Stone, S

    1995-01-01

    The field of learning disabilities, like education in the main, is undergoing calls for reform and restructuring, an upheaval brought on in great part by the forces of opposing paradigms--reductionism and constructivism. In reexamining our past, we must begin to address the failures of traditional deficit models and their abysmally low "cure" rate. Several new theories have arisen that challenge traditional practices in both general and special education classrooms. Particularly influential has been the work of Howard Gardner, whose theory of multiple intelligences calls for a restructuring of our schools to accommodate modes of learning and inquiry with something other than deficit approaches. At least some current research in the field of learning disabilities has begun to focus on creativity and nontraditional strengths and talents that have not been well understood or highly valued by the schools. In this article, we briefly summarize the findings in our search for the talents of students labeled learning disabled, evidence of their abilities, implications of these for the schools, and a beginning set of practical recommendations. PMID:7673790

  9. At Second Glance: Employers and Employees with Learning Disabilities in the Americans with Disabilities Act Era.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Price, Lynda A.; Gerber, Paul J.

    2001-01-01

    Previous findings on employer knowledge about learning disabilities were compared to 25 employers from Pennsylvania and Virginia. Findings indicate that employers are continuing to make efforts to comply with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 regulations but have little knowledge or experience with it in terms of learning disabilities.…

  10. Students with Learning Disabilities in the Music Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Darrow, Alice-Ann

    2012-01-01

    There are a number of disabilities that music educators may never encounter among their students in the music classroom; however, all music educators will have students with learning disabilities. Students with learning disabilities may have a variety of "presenting problems" that limit their academic and social success in the music classroom. The…

  11. Making Sense of Number Sense: Implications for Children With Mathematical Disabilities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daniel B. Berch

    2005-01-01

    Drawing on various approaches to the study of mathematics learning, Gersten, Jordan, and Flojo (in this issue) explore the implications of this research for identifying children at risk for developing mathematical disabilities. One of the key topics Gersten et al. consider in their review is that of \\

  12. Locus of Control Orientations in Students with Intellectual Disability, Learning Disabilities, and No Disabilities: A Latent Growth Curve Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shogren, Karrie A.; Bovaird, James A.; Palmer, Susan B.; Wehmeyer, Michael L.

    2010-01-01

    Previous research has suggested differences in the locus of control (LOC) orientations of students with intellectual disability, learning disabilities, and no disabilities, although this research has been characterized by methodological limitations. The purpose of this study was to examine the development of LOC orientations in students with…

  13. Americans with disabilities act: Implications for family therapy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert Henley Woody

    1993-01-01

    This article provides a review of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (Public Law 101–596) and discusses its implications for family therapy. Consideration is given to the family therapist's proper form of advocacy of rights and therapeutic usage of the Act for empowering the individual with a disability and his or her family.

  14. Common Pediatric Disabilities: Medical Aspects and Educational Implications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tyler, Janet Siantz; Colson, Steven

    1994-01-01

    This paper presents definitions of common pediatric disabilities and information about incidence, causes, diagnosis, common characteristics, complications with educational implications, and multidisciplinary intervention approaches. It covers the following conditions: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, cerebral palsy, Down syndrome, fragile…

  15. Social Group Work for Young Offenders with Learning Disabilities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Faye Mishna; Barbara Muskat

    2001-01-01

    Despite the high incidence of learning disabilities among young offenders, research suggests that young offenders with learning disabilities do not receive interventions that address their learning dis- abilities. Group treatment approaches for young offenders typically uti- lize a cognitive-behavioral orientation. Cognitive behavioral techniques have been found to be effective with the young offender population by targeting their faulty thinking. However,

  16. Model Centers Program for Learning Disabled Children: Historical Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Senf, Gerald M.

    This document describes the present federal effort on behalf of learning disabled children, beginning with its recent history. It traces the field of learning disabilities as a subspecialty within education from 1963, when a steering committee was appointed to organize a symposium on "The Child with Minimal Brain Dysfunction," through the Learning

  17. A Model for Learning Disability Assessment at the State University.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barrows, Patricia L.; And Others

    1989-01-01

    Learning Skills Services, a federally funded student support service program, is responsible for learning disability assessment and provision of a continuum of services at Sonoma State University in Northern California. In response to the perceived lack of assessment and procedures standards for identifying learning-disabled students at the state…

  18. School Shock: Learning Disability as a Dissociative Reaction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zitani, E. Alfredo

    Learning disability is suggested to be a dissociative reaction (school shock) similar to shell shock in wartime requiring appropriate theoretical and remedial approaches. Psychoanalytic and learning theory viewpoints are applied to the nature of learning disabilities. Also considered are the relation of anxiety to achievement and hypnosis to…

  19. Screening for Offenders with an Intellectual Disability: The Validity of the Learning Disability Screening Questionnaire

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKenzie, Karen; Michie, Amanda; Murray, Aja; Hales, Charlene

    2012-01-01

    The study assessed the validity of an intellectual disability screening tool, the Learning Disability Screening Questionnaire (LDSQ), in three forensic settings: a community intellectual disability forensic service; a forensic in-patient secure unit and a prison, using data for 94 individuals. A significant positive relationship was found between…

  20. The Efficacy of the Learning Disabilities Diagnostic Inventory in Postsecondary Settings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lock, Robin H.; Layton, Carol A.

    2002-01-01

    Examined the ability of the Learning Disabilities Diagnostic Inventory (LDDI) to differentiate between postsecondary populations with and without learning disabilities. Found that the LDDI is a reliable method for identifying the possibility of a learning disability in postsecondary students. (EV)

  1. A Model for Conducting Research with Learning Disabled Adolescents and Young Adults

    E-print Network

    Meyen, Edward L.; Schiefelbusch, Richard L.; Deshler, Donald D.; Alley, Gordon R.; Schumaker, Jean B.; Clark, Frances L.

    1980-01-01

    Issues from the field of learning disabilities and the field of education in general which impact the learning disabled individual are discussed as they relate to research with learning disabled adolescents and young adults ...

  2. Differences between Learning Disabled and Non-Learning Disabled Children in Temperament and Behavior.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bender, W. N.

    1985-01-01

    Thirty-five learning disabled third- and sixth-graders were compared with matched peers using teacher ratings of temperament, problem behavior, and observed classroom behavior. Group differences were significant on the first temperament factor, task orientation, and teacher ratings of several problem behaviors, with each difference favoring the…

  3. Learning Disabilities and Criminal Justice: Custody Sergeants' Perceptions of Alleged Offenders with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hellenbach, Michael

    2012-01-01

    Recent research demonstrates that despite increased attention and awareness by politicians and decision-makers, people with learning disabilities are still disadvantaged when engaging with the criminal justice system. It has been argued that shortcomings in providing support are because of criminal justice professionals lacking necessary skills…

  4. At second glance: employers and employees with learning disabilities in the Americans with Disabilities Act era.

    PubMed

    Price, L A; Gerber, P J

    2001-01-01

    The impact of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 on the American workplace is examined. The findings of a previous study (Gerber, 1992) on employer knowledge about learning disabilities are compared to current findings. Important themes and employer beliefs and practices that were consistent in employer responses are described. Although employers are continuing to make efforts to comply with the regulations of the ADA, they still have relatively little knowledge or experience with it in terms of learning disabilities. PMID:15499875

  5. Mathematics Instruction for Students with Learning Disabilities or Difficulty Learning Mathematics: A Synthesis of the Intervention Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gersten, Russell; Chard, David J.; Jayanthi, Madhavi; Baker, Scott K.; Morphy, Paul; Flojo, Jonathan

    2008-01-01

    This meta-analysis synthesizes experimental and quasi-experimental research on instruction that enhances the mathematics performance of K-12 students with learning disabilities. It reports the findings from this synthesis, discusses the implications for practice, and suggests next steps for research and professional development efforts in this…

  6. Impact of Computer Aided Learning on Children with Specific Learning disabilities

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Impact of Computer Aided Learning on Children with Specific Learning disabilities A Report on study.4 The terms used 2. .indings 2.1 Children with Learning Problems 2.2 Impact of CAL (Computer Aided Learning upon. Children with learning disability cannot be rehabilitated in regular schools

  7. Self-Efficacy and Stress of Staff Managing Challenging Behaviours of People with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cudre-Mauroux, Annick

    2011-01-01

    Self-efficacy has been reported to play a significant role in stress levels of parents facing challenging behaviours of their children with learning disabilities. The role of self-efficacy has also been found to affect the stress levels of professional caregivers in such situations. To understand the implications of staff self-efficacy in…

  8. Assessing Learning Styles among Students with and without Learning Disabilities at a Distance-Learning University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heiman, Tali

    2006-01-01

    Differences in the learning styles of students with and without learning disabilities (LD) at a distance-learning university were examined. Two hundred and twelve students answered self-report questionnaires on their learning styles. Results revealed that students with LD preferred to use more stepwise processing, including memorizing and…

  9. Accommodating College Students with Learning Disabilities: ADD, ADHD, and Dyslexia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vickers, Melana Zyla

    2010-01-01

    Universities are providing extra time on tests, quiet exam rooms, in-class note-takers, and other assistance to college students with modest learning disabilities. But these policies are shrouded in secrecy. This paper, "Accommodating College Students with Learning Disabilities: ADD, ADHD, and Dyslexia," by Melana Zyla Vickers, examines the nature…

  10. Model Development for A University-Based Learning Disability Clinic.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Larry L.; And Others

    The report presents a model for appraisal and individualized educational programing for learning disabled children at the School of Education, Auburn University, Alabama. Descriptions by clinic staff of visitations to exemplary models and a summary of a regional conference on learning disabilities introduce the report. The clinic model is…

  11. Academic Red-Shirting among Children with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barnard-Brak, Lucy

    2009-01-01

    The current study examined whether the parental practice of delayed kindergarten entrance, also known as academic red-shirting, was associated with gains in academic achievement among children with learning disabilities. Results indicate no significant differences in the academic achievement among children with learning disabilities who were…

  12. Unanticipated Effects of Children with Learning Disabilities on Their Families

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dyson, Lily

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the unanticipated effects that children with learning disabilities have on the life of their families. Eleven parents of students aged 8 to 16 years old participated in two separate focus group interviews. Findings showed that children with learning disabilities had a range of effects on their families. These included family…

  13. The Dilemma of Identifying Learning Disabled Hearing-Impaired Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powers, Ann

    1988-01-01

    A teacher, speech-language pathologist, school principal, and audiologist rated 27 hearing-impaired elementary students on effective use of language, speech, and sign language and on presence of a learning disability and/or behavior problem. Ratings were compared with each other and with test scores purporting to identify learning disabilities or…

  14. Menstrual Problems Experienced by Women with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rodgers, Jackie; Lipscombe, Jo; Santer, Miriam

    2006-01-01

    Background: Menstruation appears to be problematic for women with learning disabilities, yet there has been little quantitative research on their experiences, or comparisons with other groups of women. This paper considers the nature and extent of menstrual problems experienced by women with learning disabilities. Methods: The data reported here…

  15. Postsecondary Education Success: Stories of Three Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garner, DiAnne B.

    2008-01-01

    While graduation from high school may be common for students with learning disabilities, successful completion of a four-year degree program at the postsecondary level is not as common. This article contains the stories of the first three high school students with learning disabilities taught by the author who successfully graduated from…

  16. Determining Learning Disabilities in Students with Low Vision.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Layton, Carol A.; Lock, Robin H.

    2001-01-01

    This article discusses issues in the identification of learning disabilities in students with low vision and examines the academic performance of one 8-year-old student and the methods that his multidisciplinary team used to document a dual diagnosis of low vision and learning disabilities. (Contains references.) (Author/DB)

  17. The OJJDP Program as It Pertains to Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Slott, Irving

    The paper reviews the programmatic efforts of the Office of Juvenile Justice Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) targeted for learning disabled delinquents. The history of research projects with this population is traced, and current grant programs designed to make key officials aware of learning disabilities are reviewed. The need for training and…

  18. Learning Disabilities and Juvenile Justice. Special Edition. Revised Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tyner, Polly, Ed.

    1995-01-01

    This special newsletter issue on learning disabilities and juvenile justice includes statistics indicating unfavorable outcomes for many individuals with learning disabilities, presents findings of the Incarcerated Youth Task Force Report, and describes five successful programs for teaching reading. Articles include: "Parents Don't Care!--Or Do…

  19. Algebra Progress Monitoring and Interventions for Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foegen, Anne

    2008-01-01

    Competence in algebra is linked to access to higher education, employment in better-paying jobs, and, increasingly, the ability to earn a high school diploma. For many students with learning disabilities, developing proficiency in algebra represents a challenging, but necessary goal. Teachers of students with learning disabilities need access to…

  20. Accommodating College Students with Learning Disabilities: How Much is Enough?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sally S. Scott

    1997-01-01

    Individuals with learning disabilities are attending institutions of higher education in greater numbers than ever before. In attempts to accommodate these students in the classroom, faculty often face the ethical concern of balancing the rights of students with learning disabilities with the academic integrity of the course, program of study, and institution. In order to dispel misinformation, a brief description

  1. Understanding Learning Disabilities: A Parent Guide and Workbook. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center for Learning Disabilities, Inc., New York, NY.

    Practical information for parents of children with learning disabilities (LD) is presented in a workbook format. Guidelines for effective parenting of LD children are interspersed between checklists and other forms for record keeping, observations, and planning. After a chapter outlining the basic facts about learning disabilities, a chapter is…

  2. Estate Planning for Parents of a Learning Disabled Child.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whitman, Robert

    Considerations in estate planning for learning disabled children are presented from the perspective of an individual who is both a lawyer and the parent of a learning disabled child. It is suggested that an important goal for parents is to train the child to be able to deal with his/her financial situation. Early training in the habit of saving…

  3. Ethnic minority groups, learning disability and mental health

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Iqbal Singh; Adedamola Orimalade

    2009-01-01

    The presence of a learning disability in an individual from an ethnic minority group raises several issues that, if not recognized and addressed, can be detrimental to the mental health of the affected individual. Affected individuals have been said to face a double disadvantage, arising from having a learning disability and being from an ethnic minority group. This disadvantage has

  4. Mixed Lateral Dominance as a Predictive Factor of Learning Disability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powers, P. J.; Putnam, Jon

    This report discusses the outcomes of a study of 147 children (ages 7-10) with learning disabilities that investigated the extent to which students legally classified with learning disabilities concurrently manifested mixed lateral dominance (MLD). The study was conducted to determine if MLD was a possible predictive factor for early…

  5. Automatized Processing in Learning Disabled Adults: RAN, RAS, and Reading.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hutchens, Teresa A.

    Measures of automaticity have shown different developmental trends in the speed and accuracy of processing in learning disabled (LD) and normally achieving children. This study extends this research to young adults, comparing the learning disabled with normal achievers. Its primary focus was to document the presence of basic processing deficits in…

  6. Math Failure and Learning Disabilities in the Postsecondary Student Population.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strawser, Sherri; Miller, Susan P.

    2001-01-01

    This article discusses factors that contribute to the difficulties that many postsecondary students with learning disabilities have in meeting the mathematics demands, including: characteristics of learning disabilities in math, inadequate preparation for postsecondary math demands, difficulties with assessment and identification, and…

  7. Math and Science Strategies for English Learners with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Patricia; Johnson, Gae; Showalter, Stephen

    2012-01-01

    Students with learning disabilities have significantly lower achievement in math and science than students from the general population. If these students with learning disabilities also are English Learners, the challenges for success in math and science are even more difficult. Teachers need to infuse best practices into their classrooms to…

  8. Skills for Support: Personal Assistants and People with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Val; Ponting, Lisa; Ford, Kerrie; Rudge, Philippa

    2010-01-01

    For people with learning disabilities to have control over their lives, the quality of their support staff matters. This paper reports on an inclusive research study, which used video analysis to study the communication skills of personal assistants (PAs) who worked with people with learning disabilities. The findings reveal some of the fine…

  9. Book Review: Facing Learning Disabilities in the Adult Years.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alber, Sheila R.; Foil, Carolyn R.

    2001-01-01

    This article reviews "Facing Learning Disabilities in the Adult Years" by Joan Shapiro and Rebecca Rich, a book that discusses the definitions, causes, and characteristics of learning disabilities as well as many interventions for successful adult adjustment. The information is aimed at helping families and professionals, as well as the adults…

  10. The Americans with Disabilities Act and Adults with Learning Disabilities a Employees: The Realities of the Workplace.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Price, Lynda; Gerber, Paul J.; Mulligan, Robert

    2003-01-01

    Twenty-five adults with learning disabilities were queried to examine their employment experiences at job entry and in job advancement vis-a-vis the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). Results suggest that Title 1 of the ADA is underutilized by individuals with learning disabilities in the workplace. Self-disclosure about disability was rare…

  11. Facing Learning Disabilities in the Adult Years. Understanding Dyslexia, ADHD, Assessment, Intervention, and Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shapiro, Joan; Rich, Rebecca

    This text provides information on learning disabilities in adults and offers practical ways to compensate. Chapters address: (1) definitions of learning disability; (2) etiology of learning disabilities; (3) our cognitive or thinking systems; (4) different assessment settings and some of the tests used to diagnose a learning disability; (5)…

  12. Adults with Learning Disabilities and the Underutilization of the Americans with Disabilities Act

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Price, Lynda A.; Gerber, Paul J.; Mulligan, Robert

    2007-01-01

    This article explored the use of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) by individuals with learning disabilities (LD) in the workplace. A review of the extant literature revealed that people with LD were not likely to use the ADA as employees. Moreover, an analysis of selected, commonly used materials regarding transition indicated a lack of…

  13. Scholarships for Students with Disabilities For Students with Learning Disabilities Website Deadline Amount Awarded

    E-print Network

    Carter, John

    Scholarships for Students with Disabilities For Students with Learning Disabilities Website Deadline Amount Awarded The Anne Ford and Allegra Ford Scholarship http://www.ncld.org/about-us/scholarships-aamp- awards/the-anne-ford-and-allegra-ford-scholarship-award Mid December $10,000.00 Anne and Matt Harbison

  14. Diagnosing a Learning Disability in a Hearing-Impaired Child.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Plapinger, Donald; Sikora, Darryn

    1990-01-01

    This paper presents a case study that used an interdisciplinary diagnostic approach to determine whether a hearing-impaired nine-year-old child had a learning disability and to determine the type of disability. The assessment included medical examination, gross and fine motor skills, psychological functioning, mental processing and achievement,…

  15. Teacher with a Learning Disability: Legal Issues and District Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clayton, Jennifer K.

    2009-01-01

    This case study focuses on a teacher who discloses a learning disability to her Principal. Given the teacher's challenges in retention of her content material, the district is faced with how to handle the personnel situation of an employee with a disability. This case raises questions of how to balance the needs and interests of students with the…

  16. Summer Learning Loss among Elementary School Children with Reading Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Menard, Jessica; Wilson, Alexander M.

    2014-01-01

    This study investigated whether students with reading disabilities (RD) showed greater regression in reading skills than did non-RD students over the summer vacation. The RD group consisted of 30 students in grades 4 to 6 from a private school for students with learning disabilities and a comparison group of 30 average readers in grades 4 to 6…

  17. Counselor Beliefs and Perceived Knowledge Regarding Clients with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bell, Tamekia R.

    2012-01-01

    Clients with learning disabilities constitute a cultural group that has not been extensively studied. The professional literature has found that counselors have reported the need for additional training in working with clients with disabilities. This study explored counselors' beliefs and perceived knowledge regarding counseling clients with…

  18. Learning to Achieve: A Review of the Research Literature on Serving Adults with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taymans, Juliana M.; Swanson, H. Lee; Schwarz, Robin L.; Gregg, Noel; Hock, Michael; Gerber, Paul J.

    2009-01-01

    Findings from "Learning to Achieve: A Review of the Research Literature on Serving Adults With Learning Disabilities" will inform a new professional development program to be offered to practitioners and others working with adults with learning disabilities (LD). The six topics covered in the review--assessment, English language learners,…

  19. Growing older with a learning disability and dementia 

    E-print Network

    Wilkinson, Heather; Watchman, Karen

    This briefing brings together the findings from several studies in order to report on the importance of families and relationships in the lives of people with a learning disability, who are growing older and experiencing dementia....

  20. Identification of Learning Disabled Adolescents: A Bayesian Approach

    E-print Network

    Alley, Gordon R.; Deshler, Donald D.; Warner, Michael M.

    1980-01-01

    The identification of learning disabled adolescents for program placement is a major concern of school personnel. The identification model discussed in this article addresses an array of problems associated with identification ...

  1. Current Best Practices in Learning Disabilities in Israel

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas P. Gumpel; Varda Sharoni

    2007-01-01

    We present an analysis of the current state of practice in the diagnosis and treatment of learning disabilities (LD) in Israel. Through an examination of the cultural, historical, and demographic background of the country (\\

  2. Behavioral Inhibition in Children with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Weerdt, Frauke; Desoete, Annemie; Roeyers, Herbert

    2013-01-01

    Children with reading disabilities (RD, n = 17), mathematical disabilities (MD, n = 22), combined reading and mathematical disabilities (RD + MD, n = 28) and control peers (n = 45) were tested on behavioral inhibition with a Go/no-go task in a picture, letter and digit-modality. In contrast to children without RD, children with RD made…

  3. Teaching a Paragraph Organization Strategy to Learning Disabled Adolescents

    E-print Network

    Moran, Mary Ross; Schumaker, Jean B.; Vetter, Alice F.

    1981-08-01

    for secondary learning disabled students; Among the features of written expression which have been examined, three factors--productivity, grammatical maturity, and mastery of mechanics--have emerged as discriminating learning or reading disabled students from... Progress, by the earmarking of composing ability as a new class marker, and by increasing competition in an overcrowded job market11 (p. vii). Earlier, Myklebust had stated, 11 Because of the importance of written language in daily life, as well...

  4. The brain of a learning-disabled individual

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Norman Geschwind

    1984-01-01

    The concept of learning disability is less absolute than is usually realized. In a nonliterate society only the advantages\\u000a of many dyslexics may be evident without the disadvantages. By contrast markedly unmusical individuals can go through modern\\u000a educational systems with little difficulty, although in some particular social conditions they could correctly be regarded\\u000a as severely learning disabled. These considerations lead

  5. Life adjustments of college freshmen with and without learning disabilities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ann Grasso Ryan

    1994-01-01

    This paper reports the results of a study comparing college freshmen with learning disabilities (LD) and freshmen with no\\u000a learning disabilities (NLD). Four data collections over one academic year were completed on a total of 72 students (LDn=39; NLDn=33). Results of the study indicated differences between groups in their initial choice of living accommodations and in the\\u000a changes made over

  6. Teaching Self-Control Procedures to Learning Disabled Youths

    E-print Network

    Foster, Carol; Dennis, Connie; Maxwell, Joni

    1981-04-01

    Carol Foster, Connie Dennis, and Joni Maxwell The cooperation of Tonganoxie USD #464, Dr. Stephen McClure, Superintendent of Schools; Mr. Marvin Pine, Principal, Tonganoxie Middle School; Mrs. Marilyn Daniels, resource room teacher; and the students... of Child Research, has specified the learning disabled adolescent and young adult as the target pop­ ulation. ·The major responsibility of the Institute is to de­ velop effective means of identifying learning disabled popula­ tions at the secondary l evel...

  7. Learning Disabilities or Teaching Disabilities? Rethinking Literacy Failure

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Applegate, Anthony J.; Applegate, Mary Dekonty; Turner, Jennifer D.

    2010-01-01

    It takes a literacy leader to save some schools and districts from serious misconceptions about the nature of core reading programs as well as the nature of some reading disabilities. Well-prepared professionals can, by means of their extensive pedagogical repertoire, help districts to avoid compulsive repetition of the same fundamental types of…

  8. Care adjustments for people with learning disabilities in hospitals.

    PubMed

    Blair, Jim

    2011-12-01

    Health inequalities start early in life for people with learning disabilities. In the UK, they can arise from various barriers that people experience when trying to access care that should be appropriate, timely and effective. Inequalities in health care are likely to result in many NHS organisations breaching their legal responsibilities, as outlined in the Disability Discrimination Acts 1995 and 2005, the Equality Act 2010 and the Mental Capacity Act 2005 (Emerson and Baines 2010). This article seeks to help nurses, healthcare professionals and hospital managers ensure that better services are delivered by encouraging them to explore how reasonable adjustments can improve outcomes for people with learning disabilities. PMID:22256461

  9. Neuropsychological characteristics of children with Tourette syndrome: evidence for a nonverbal learning disability?

    PubMed

    Brookshire, B L; Butler, I J; Ewing-Cobbs, L; Fletcher, J M

    1994-04-01

    In this study the neuropsychological characteristics of thirty-one 6 to 16-year-old children with Tourette Syndrome (TS) were compared to 20 normal siblings and 10 children with arithmetic disabilities (AD) who were comparable in age and socioeconomic status. Unlike the sibling group, neuropsychological profiles of the TS and AD groups were expected to reflect nonverbal learning disabilities (NLD). The three groups performed generally within the average range on academic and cognitive measures. Like the AD children, the TS group demonstrated poorer performance on written arithmetic tasks with comparatively better word reading and written word spelling. Unlike the AD group, who demonstrated generalized nonverbal deficiencies, children with TS demonstrated reduced performance on visual-motor and expressive language measures as well as measures of complex cognition. These results are suggestive of an "output" subtype of learning disability and support theories that implicate the mesocortical dopaminergic system in the pathophysiology of TS. PMID:8021315

  10. High Roads and Low Roads: Learning Disabilities in California, 1976–1998

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Colin Ong-Dean

    2006-01-01

    This study examines the historical relationships among privilege, race, and learning disability (LD) diagnosis. Whereas recent research links disability diagnosis primarily with racial and socioeconomic disadvantage (assuming a \\

  11. Developmental dyscalculia is a familial learning disability.

    PubMed

    Shalev, R S; Manor, O; Kerem, B; Ayali, M; Badichi, N; Friedlander, Y; Gross-Tsur, V

    2001-01-01

    Whereas current evidence attests to a genetic component in the etiology of dyslexia and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), little is known about the role of genetics in developmental dyscalculia (DC). The objective of this study was to determine the familial aggregation of DC. Siblings and parents of children with DC were assessed for arithmetic, reading and attention disorders. The criteria for DC were an IQ higher than 85, poor performance in arithmetic, and a significant discrepancy between arithmetic achievement and IQ. The study group was composed of 39 children with DC, 21 mothers, 22 fathers, 90 siblings, and 16 second-degree relatives. We found that 66% of mothers, 40% of fathers, 53% of siblings, and 44% of second-degree relatives had DC. The intraclass correlation between the sib pairs was .27. A 95% confidential interval (CI) for the prevalence of DC among siblings of DC probands (see Note 1) ranged from 40% to 64%, indicating a familial prevalence almost tenfold higher than expected for the general population. IQ and attention problems were not risk factors for DC. We conclude that DC, like other learning disabilities, has a significant familial aggregation, suggesting a role for genetics in the evolution of this disorder. PMID:15497272

  12. Teaching Kids with Learning Disabilities to Take Public Transit

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schoenfeld, Jane

    2009-01-01

    Taking public transit can make anyone nervous, especially in a large or medium-sized city where there are many different bus lines going many different places. The author's daughter, Anna, has multiple learning disabilities and may never learn to drive, but she wants to be as independent as possible so the author taught her to ride the bus. This…

  13. Screening for learning disability in an adolescent forensic population

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Greta Ford; Ruth Andrews; Anne Booth; Jamie Dibdin; Samantha Hardingham; Thomas P. Kelly

    2008-01-01

    It is recognised in the literature that learning disability (LD) and learning difficulties are represented in greater proportions among adolescent offenders than in the broader adolescent population. However at this time no common method for identifying these difficulties is used within the youth justice system (YJS) in England and Wales. A sample of 71 young people within the YJS in

  14. Verbal Learning and Memory Functions in Adolescents with Reading Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oyler, James D.; Obrzut, John E.; Asbjornsen, Arve E.

    2012-01-01

    The authors of this current study compared the memory performance of adolescent students with specific reading disabilities (RD) with that of typical adolescent readers on a newly developed verbal learning test, the "Bergen-Tucson Verbal Learning Test" (BTVLT). This multiple trial test was designed to measure memory acquisition, retention,…

  15. An Investigation into the Public Health Roles of Community Learning Disability Nurses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mafuba, Kay; Gates, Bob

    2015-01-01

    International studies have shown poor uptake of public health initiatives by people with learning disabilities. In addition, studies have shown that people with learning disabilities experience poor access to public health services. The contribution of community learning disability nurses in meeting the public health needs of people with learning

  16. Improving Instruction for Students with Learning Disabilities: The Results of Three Research Syntheses. Keys to Successful Learning: A National Summit on Research in Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center for Learning Disabilities, Inc., New York, NY.

    This booklet presents three brief papers that summarize three meta-analytic research syntheses of instruction for students with learning disabilities. The first paper is "Intervention Research for Students with Learning Disabilities" by H. Lee Swanson. Findings that resulted from a review of 272 studies are grouped into those on most effective…

  17. An exploration of equitable science teaching practices for students with learning disabilities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Morales, Marlene

    In this study, a mixed methods approach was used to gather descriptive exploratory information regarding the teaching of science to middle grades students with learning disabilities within a general education classroom. The purpose of this study was to examine teachers' beliefs and their practices concerning providing equitable opportunities for students with learning disabilities in a general education science classroom. Equitable science teaching practices take into account each student's differences and uses those differences to inform instructional decisions and tailor teaching practices based on the student's individualized learning needs. Students with learning disabilities are similar to their non-disabled peers; however, they need some differentiation in instruction to perform to their highest potential achievement levels (Finson, Ormsbee, & Jensen, 2011). In the quantitative phase, the purpose of the study was to identify patterns in the beliefs of middle grades science teachers about the inclusion of students with learning disabilities in the general education classroom. In the qualitative phase, the purpose of the study was to present examples of instruction in the classrooms of science education reform-oriented middle grades science teachers. The quantitative phase of the study collected data from 274 sixth through eighth grade teachers in the State of Florida during the 2007--2008 school year using The Teaching Science to Students with Learning Disabilities Inventory. Overall, the quantitative findings revealed that middle grades science teachers held positive beliefs about the inclusion of students with learning disabilities in the general education science classroom. The qualitative phase collected data from multiple sources (interviews, classroom observations, and artifacts) to develop two case studies of reform-oriented middle grades science teachers who were expected to provide equitable science teaching practices. Based on their responses to The Teaching Science to Students with Learning Disabilities Inventory, the case study teachers demonstrated characteristics of successful teachers of diverse learners developed by Lynch (2000). Overall, the qualitative findings revealed that the case study teachers were unsure how to provide equitable science teaching practices to all students, particularly to students with learning disabilities. They provided students with a variety of learning experiences that entailed high expectations for all; however, these experiences were similar for all students. Had the teachers fully implemented equitable science teaching practices, students would have had multiple options for taking in the information and making sense of it in each lesson. Teaching that includes using a variety of validated practices that take into account students' individualized learning needs can promote aspects of equitable science teaching practices. Finally, this study provides implications for teacher education programs and professional development programs. As teachers implement science education reform efforts related to equitable science teaching practices, both teacher education programs and professional development programs should include opportunities for teachers to reflect on their beliefs about how students with learning disabilities learn and provide them with a variety of validated teaching practices that will assist them in teaching students with learning disabilities in the general education classroom while implementing science reform efforts.

  18. Managing specific learning disability in schools in India.

    PubMed

    Karande, Sunil; Sholapurwala, Rukhshana; Kulkarni, Madhuri

    2011-07-01

    Specific learning disability (dyslexia, dysgraphia, and dyscalculia) afflicts 5-15% of school-going children. Over the last decade; awareness about this invisible handicap has grown in India. However, much needs to be done to ensure that each afflicted child gets an opportunity to achieve his or her full academic potential in regular mainstream schools. In order to achieve this ideal scenario, all regular classroom teachers should be sensitized to suspect, and trained to screen for this disability when the child is in primary school. School managements should become proactive to set up resource rooms and employ special educators to ensure that these children receive regular and affordable remedial education; and be diligent in ensuring that these children get the mandatory provisions both during school and board examinations. Once specific learning disability is recognized as a disability by the Government of India, these children with the backing of the Right to Education Act, would be able to benefit significantly. PMID:21813921

  19. Leveling the playing field for nursing students with disabilities: implications of the amendments to the Americans with Disabilities Act.

    PubMed

    Dupler, Alice E; Allen, Carol; Maheady, Donna C; Fleming, Susan E; Allen, Mikel

    2012-03-01

    Faculty have reported a significant increase in the number of nursing students with disabilities; however, misinformation regarding legislated changes in the definition of a disability, as enacted in 2008 under the American with Disabilities Act Amendments Act, has contributed to faculty confusion when working with students with disabilities. This article identifies the circumstances under which nursing faculty are legally required to provide reasonable accommodations for students with disabilities, as defined under the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 as amended in 2008, and the strategies faculty may use to assist students to successfully complete core requirements. When this knowledge is integrated into a nursing program's culture and curriculum, students with sensory loss, paralysis, mental illness, learning disabilities, limb differences, chronic illnesses, or other disabilities associated with impaired bodily functions can successfully complete nursing programs and provide excellent care to clients, the profession, and their communities. PMID:22283155

  20. Communication, Language, and Literacy Learning in Children with Developmental Disabilities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erna Alant; Kitty Uys; Kerstin Tönsing

    This chapter deals with communication, language, and literacy learning in children with developmental disabilities by integrating\\u000a two perspectives, firstly that of information processing and the impact of specific impairments on information processing\\u000a and interpretation of symbols used in interaction and, secondly, the role of sociocultural factors in facilitating learning\\u000a and literacy learning. The use of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC)

  1. Specific Learning Disabilities and Responsiveness to Intervention. Resource List. Winter 2007

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Starrett, Barbara E.; de Boer, Sonja R.; Tollefson, Julie M.

    2007-01-01

    The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 1997 (IDEA 1997) and Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 (IDEA 2004) define specific learning disabilities in a similar manner. "The term "specific learning disability" means a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in…

  2. Specific Learning Disabilities: Finding Common Ground. A Report Developed by the Ten Organizations Participating in the Learning Disabilities Roundtable (Washington, DC, February 4-5, 2002).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Institutes for Research, Washington, DC.

    This report summarizes the consensus statements developed by the Learning Disabilities Roundtable (February 2002), a meeting of the 10 member organizations of the National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities to provide input for the reauthorization of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. The Roundtable resulted in defined areas of…

  3. The Learning Disabilities Unit at the State College of Optometry/SUNY.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Solan, Harold A.; Springer, Florence E.

    1986-01-01

    The Learning Disabilities Unit of New York's State College of Optometry, providing testing and research for learning disabled adults and children and professional instruction and clinical experience for students of optometry and related fields, is described. (MSE)

  4. Reliability and Validity of the Bayesian Identification Procedure for Learning Disabled Adolescents

    E-print Network

    Alley, Gordon R.; Deshler, Donald D.; Mellard, Daryl F.; Warner, Michael M.

    1980-01-01

    Three related studies were designed to address some key issues confronting the learning disability field concerning the identification of learning disabled adolescents. The first study (Research Report No. 9) addressed the question of which group...

  5. Sheep or Goats? Learning Disabilities and Educational Services for Children with Special Needs: A Canadian Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kendall, David

    1977-01-01

    Presented at the First National Conference on Learning Disabilities in Ottawa, Canada in October, 1977, the article discusses learning disabilities and their appropriate special educational services in Canada, focusing on the processes of categorization and labeling. (DLS)

  6. Issues emerging from the London Learning Disability Plan.

    PubMed

    Hallawell, B

    This article gives an overview of the draft of the London Learning Disability Plan developed by the Department of Health, Social Services Inspectorate and the National Health Service Executive. The London Plan is founded on a social model of disability in which there is not only a strong focus on health and social care, but also an integration with housing, education, employment, leisure and other relevant organizations. It advocates integrated commissioning and delivery of specialist learning disability services that will require both health services and nurses to change existing structures and interventions. New forms of workforce development will emerge and clarification will be required about the future role of learning disability nurses within London. Information specific to the Plan is gathered from the Department of Health's learning disabilities Web site. The Plan is laid out in four booklets, one of which (Booklet 2: 'Services to Improve People's Lives') was not available at the time of writing. The article thus contains information and proposals that may be altered by subsequent publication. PMID:12170662

  7. Money, Finance and the Personalisation Agenda for People with Learning Disabilities in the UK: Some Emerging Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abbott, David; Marriott, Anna

    2013-01-01

    In the UK, policy on adult social care places an emphasis on maximising choice and control for service users, including people with learning disabilities. The shift from the provision of organised services for groups of people to offering individual and personal budgets and pots of money for people to buy their own services has major implications

  8. Learning Disabilities and Employment before and in the Americans with Disabilities Act Era: Progress or a Bridge Too Far?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gerber, Paul J.; Batalo, Cecilia G.; Achola, Edwin O.

    2011-01-01

    The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) and its amendments have been in existence for a little more than twenty years. Title One, which pertains to employment, has had a bearing on employment for persons with disabilities, particularly the high incidence category of learning disabilities, who for the most part work in competitive…

  9. Behavioral Assessment of Occupational Skills of Learning Disabled Adolescents

    E-print Network

    Mathews, R. Mark; Whang, Paula L.; Fawcett, Stephen B.

    1980-01-01

    INSTITUTE RESEA~~~ IN LEARNING DISABILITIES ~:r~~~:~~~s~!.~~~:~ Emphasis on Adolescents and Young Adults Research Report #5 January, 1980 BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT OF OCCUPATIONAL SKILLS OF LEARNING DISABLED ADOLESCENTS R. Mark Mathews, Paula....48) and in work experience from none to six part-time jobs (x = 2.5). Setting Assessments of occupational skills were made in an office containing a desk, chairs, paper, pencils, and a telephone. Each session was recorded on audiotape, with the cassette...

  10. Perceived support among Iranian mothers of children with learning disability.

    PubMed

    Kermanshahi, Sima Mohammad Khan; Vanaki, Zohreh; Ahmadi, Fazlollah; Azadfalah, Parviz

    2009-01-01

    This qualitative phenomenological study explores the lived experiences of perceived support by Iranian mothers who have children with learning disability. Twelve open interviews with six mothers of learning-disabled children (7-12 years of age) were audiotape-recorded with participants' consent. The interviews were transcribed and data were analyzed using Van Manen methodology. Two major themes emerged from 138 thematic sentences. The mothers'experiences could be interpreted as a sense of being in the light or being in the shade of support, with variations for different participants. The results indicate a need for more specialized and individually adjusted support for mothers in Iran. PMID:19583054

  11. Lateral eye movement and handedness as measures of functional brain asymmetry in learning disability.

    PubMed

    Stein, G M; Gibbons, R D; Meldman, M J

    1980-08-01

    Evidence is presented which suggests that learning disability is related to lateral asymmetry. Significant differences were found in lateral eye movement and handedness between a learning disabled group and a control group of normal learners. Left lateral eye movement and right handedness was the predominant pattern exhibited in learning disability. These results support Day's notion that left lateral eye movement is associated with educational difficulties. They also provide evidence concerning Orton's hypothesis that mixed cerebral dominance characterizes the learning disabled. PMID:7471763

  12. Dyslexia in the workplace: Implications of the Americans with disabilities act

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Diana L. Sauter; Donna McPeek

    1993-01-01

    The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) insures greater accessibility of disabled persons to the workplace. This\\u000a includes persons with dyslexia and other learning disabilities. The ADA requires reasonable accommodations for persons with\\u000a disabilities, yet it is different in its mandates from many other federal laws addressing disability-related issues.\\u000a \\u000a This article reviews some of the critical provisions of the

  13. Qualitative differences in learning disabilities across postsecondary institutions.

    PubMed

    Weis, Robert; Sykes, Lauryn; Unadkat, Devanshi

    2012-01-01

    Many college students receiving accommodations for specific learning disability (SLD) do not meet objective criteria for the disorder. Furthermore, whether students meet criteria depends on the diagnostic decision model used by their clinician. The authors examined whether the relationship between diagnostic model and likelihood of meeting objective criteria is moderated by students' postsecondary institution. They administered a comprehensive psychoeducational battery to 98 undergraduates receiving accommodations for SLD at 2-year public colleges, 4-year public universities, and 4-year private colleges. Most 4-year public university students failed to meet objective criteria for SLD. In contrast, most 4-year private college students met objective criteria based on significant ability-achievement discrepancies, and most 2-year public college students met objective criteria based on normative deficits in achievement and cognitive processing. Students who met objective criteria also differed significantly in degree of academic impairment. The authors' findings indicate qualitative differences in SLD across postsecondary settings and have implications for the identification and mitigation of SLD in college students. PMID:21421937

  14. Impact of Various Instructional Strategies for Enhancing Mathematical Skills of Learning Disabled Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaur, Taranjit; Kohli, Tehal; Devi, Batani

    2008-01-01

    Aim: The current study tested the comparative efficacy of various strategies on basic mathematical skills of learning disabled children. Methods: Learning disabled children were randomly assigned to multimedia, cognitive, eclectic and control conditions. Assessment included the use of IQ, Diagnostic Test of Learning Disability, and Pre and…

  15. Differences in Delinquency among Children with and without Learning Disabilities: A Meta-Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evans, Mary K.

    2012-01-01

    This dissertation presents the results of a meta-analysis of the empirical literature on delinquent behavior among children with learning disabilities in comparison to their non-learning disabled peers. Twenty-four studies met inclusion criteria and results indicated that children with learning disabilities (n = 3,202) have higher mean scores on…

  16. Epilepsy in Learning DisabilitiesRelevance and Association with Mental Illness and Behavioural Disturbances

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ibrahim Y. A. Turkistani

    2004-01-01

    This study investigated the prevalence of epilepsy in learning disabilities and its association with mental illness and behavioural disturbance. Case notes were examined of adults and elderly people registered with specialist learning disability services in the Hull and Holderness area, England. Clients were divided into two groups: people with learning disabilities with an active history of epilepsy and those with

  17. Substance Abuse and Learning Disabilities: Peas in a Pod or Apples and Oranges?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Columbia Univ., New York, NY. National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse.

    This paper was developed as a result of a 1999 conference on substance abuse and learning disabilities. An introductory chapter urges early identification of learning disabilities and appropriate treatment for both problems when they co-exist. The second chapter discusses the differences between learning disabilities and behavioral disorders, the…

  18. Social anxiety among Arab adolescents with and without learning disabilities in various educational frameworks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ora Peleg

    2011-01-01

    The aim of the current study is to examine differences in social anxiety between learning disabled (LD) and non-learning disabled (non-LD) students, taking into account educational placement. The present research is the first to consider the above relations among Christian Arab adolescents living in Israel as an Eastern collectivist minority. On the whole, students with LD (learning disabilities) reported higher

  19. Systemic Family Therapy Using the Reflecting Team: The Experiences of Adults with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anslow, Katharine

    2014-01-01

    This research aimed to illuminate the experiences of adults with learning disabilities of the reflecting team, in the context of their systemic family therapy. Five adults with learning disabilities were recruited from one community learning disability team. A qualitative design using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) was appropriate…

  20. Behavioral inhibition in children with learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    De Weerdt, Frauke; Desoete, Annemie; Roeyers, Herbert

    2013-06-01

    Children with reading disabilities (RD, n=17), mathematical disabilities (MD, n=22), combined reading and mathematical disabilities (RD+MD, n=28) and control peers (n=45) were tested on behavioral inhibition with a Go/no-go task in a picture, letter and digit-modality. In contrast to children without RD, children with RD made significantly more commission errors on alphanumeric (letter and digit) modalities compared to the non-alphanumeric picture modality. As compared to children without MD, children with MD made as much commission errors on the picture modality as on the letter modality. No significant interaction-effect was found between RD and MD. These results can be considered as evidence for behavioral inhibition deficits related to alphanumeric stimuli in children with RD but not in children with MD. PMID:23584180

  1. Dyslexia and Learning Disabilities in Canada and the UK: The Impact of Its Disability Employment Laws

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gerber, Paul J.; Batalo, Cecilia G.; Achola, Edwin O.

    2012-01-01

    The impact of employment laws pertaining to individuals with learning disabilities in Canada and dyslexia in the UK were investigated via the extant research literature. Currently, there is very little research in this area despite Canada and the UK having laws in effect for decades. Surprisingly, their laws have been revamped despite an absence…

  2. A Comparison of Two Instructional Methods for Teaching Logo to Learning Disabled and Nonlearning Disabled Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mathinos, Debra A.; Leonard, Ann Scheier

    The study examines the use of LOGO, a computer language, with 19 learning disabled (LD) and 19 non-LD students in grades 4-6. Ss were randomly assigned to one of two instructional groups: sequential or whole-task, each with 10 LD and 10 non-LD students. The sequential method features a carefully ordered plan for teaching LOGO commands; the…

  3. Substance use behaviors of young people with a moderate learning disability: a longitudinal analysis.

    PubMed

    McCrystal, Patrick; Percy, Andrew; Higgins, Kathryn

    2007-01-01

    Substance use behaviors of young people attending a special school are reported over a 4-year period from the age of 12-16 years. The article investigated these behaviors by surveying a cohort of young people with a statement for moderate learning disabilities annually during the last 4 years of compulsory schooling. The findings show that these young people consistently reported lower levels of tobacco, alcohol, and cannabis use compared with those attending mainstream school. No other illicit drug use was reported. The potential implications of these findings are discussed in relation to the context and timing of targeted substance education and prevention initiatives for young people with moderate learning disability attending a special school. PMID:17366256

  4. Obscuring Vital Distinctions: The Oversimplification of Learning Disabilities within RTI

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKenzie, Robert G.

    2009-01-01

    The assessment procedures within Response to Intervention (RTI) models have begun to supplant the use of traditional, discrepancy-based frameworks for identifying students with specific learning disabilities (SLD). Many RTI proponents applaud this shift because of perceived shortcomings in utilizing discrepancy as an indicator of SLD. However,…

  5. The "Learning Disabilities to Juvenile Detention" Pipeline: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mallett, Christopher A.

    2014-01-01

    Adolescents becoming formally involved with a juvenile court because of school-related behavior and discipline problems is a phenomenon known as the school-to-prison pipeline. Adolescents with learning disabilities are disproportionately represented within this pipeline. A study was conducted to review the outcomes for a population of youthful…

  6. Central Park: A Humanities Curriculum for Children with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wurtzel, Claire

    This manual reflects the highlights of an urban park study developed and tested over a 6-year period at the Churchill School, an elementary school for children with learning disabilities. This book makes possible an integrated study that develops understandings in natural science and the social studies along with reading, writing, and language…

  7. A Normativist Account of Language-Based Learning Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tomblin, J. Bruce

    2006-01-01

    Research on learning disabilities (LD) depends upon a conceptual framework that specifies what it should explain, what kinds of data are needed, and how these data are to be arranged in order to provide a meaningful explanation. An argument is made that LD are no different in this respect than any other form of human illness. In this article, a…

  8. Optimising Web Site Designs for People with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Peter; Hennig, Christian

    2015-01-01

    Much relevant internet-mediated information is inaccessible to people with learning disabilities because of difficulties in navigating the web. This paper reports on the methods undertaken to determine how information can be optimally presented for this cohort. Qualitative work is outlined where attributes relating to site layout affecting…

  9. Assessment and Treatment of Learning Disabilities in Portugal.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fonseca, Vitor da

    1996-01-01

    This article presents a contextual picture of the learning disabilities (LD) field in Portugal, where the public school failure rate is approximately 37% and 29% in primary and secondary systems, respectively. The need for a clear educational and legislative definition of LD, changes in assessment and treatment models, and improved personnel…

  10. Issues in the neuropsychological assessment of children with learning disabilities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Byron P. Rourke

    1976-01-01

    Describes an approach to the neuropsychological assessment of children with learning disabilities. Issues relating to the aims of the assessment, test selection, stylistic variables in assessment, test interpretation, and the rendering and implementation of recommendations are discussed. Some comparisons with other strategies and modes of approach (e.g., level of performance, pathognomonic sign, and differential score approaches) are included. (28 ref)

  11. Employment Outcomes of University Graduates with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Madaus, Joseph W.

    2006-01-01

    Limited research exists related to the employment outcomes of adults with learning disabilities (LD) who graduate from postsecondary institutions. The current study presents the results of a followup investigation of 500 graduates with LD from three universities in the United States. Results indicated that levels of full-time employment,…

  12. Use of the Dichotic Listening Technique with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Obrzut, John E.; Mahoney, Emery B.

    2011-01-01

    Dichotic listening (DL) techniques have been used extensively as a non-invasive procedure to assess language lateralization among children with and without learning disabilities (LD), and with individuals who have other auditory system related brain disorders. Results of studies using DL have indicated that language is lateralized in children with…

  13. Parent Involvement in Transition Planning for Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bailey, Shelley Henthorne

    2009-01-01

    Post-secondary education is a path that many individuals take after high school. For students with learning disabilities, post-secondary education is an attainable goal regardless of the academic difficulties they may face. In order to make a successful transition to postsecondary education, it is necessary that students, as well as parents are…

  14. Helping Learning Disabled Students Improve Their Handwriting Skills.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Storch, Ivy S.

    The paper describes six strategies to help learning disabled students improve their handwriting skills. For each strategy a rationale and instructional procedure are provided. The six strategies are: (1) creating an interest and a reason to improve handwriting skills, (2) boosting confidence by letting students become "role models," (3) use of…

  15. Critical Support Services for College Students with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finn, Laurie Lawler

    This paper discusses the outcomes of a study that used focus groups to investigate services and accommodations that were important to college students (n=33) with learning disabilities (LD). Students were from five Midwest colleges and universities that offered programs specifically for students with LD or who made special services ad…

  16. The Apophasis of Limits: Genius, Madness, and Learning Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baker, Bernadette

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, the author sidles up to the "problema" of identifying children as having a learning disability (LD) in the USA to ascertain what an analysis of limping characters, limping readers and limping rhythms might teach individuals about justice. In much current educational literature children labelled LD circulate as "maimed individuals"…

  17. Identification and Remediation of Learning Disability Subtypes: Preliminary Findings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lyon, G. Reid

    1985-01-01

    Current literature on identification and instructional remediation of subtypes of learning-disabled readers (LDR) are reviewed. Preliminary findings suggest that not all LDR children manifest the same oral language, memory, and perceptual deficits that impede decoding accuracy and efficiency and all do not respond equally well (or poorly) to the…

  18. Depression among Students with Learning Disabilities: Assessing the Risk

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maag, John W.; Reid, Robert

    2006-01-01

    Researchers have found that students with learning disabilities (LD) obtain statistically higher scores on measures of depression than their peers without LD. However, what is not known is whether students with LD display greater levels of clinical depression than their peers without LD. If they do, then special education services should address…

  19. The Gross Motor Skills of Children with Mild Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nonis, Karen P.; Jernice, Tan Sing Yee

    2014-01-01

    Many international studies have examined the gross motor skills of children studying in special schools while local studies of such nature are limited. This study investigated the gross motor skills of children with Mild Learning Disabilities (MLD; n = 14, M age = 8.93 years, SD = 0.33) with the Test of Gross Motor Development-2 (TGMD-2, Ulrich,…

  20. Current Best Practices in Learning Disabilities in Israel

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gumpel, Thomas P.; Sharoni, Varda

    2007-01-01

    We present an analysis of the current state of practice in the diagnosis and treatment of learning disabilities (LD) in Israel. Through an examination of the cultural, historical, and demographic background of the country ("deep structures"), we show how a fragmented society has developed; it segregates different ethnicities and social groups and…

  1. Cognitive and Emotional Factors in Children with Mathematical Learning Disabilities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maria Chiara Passolunghi

    2011-01-01

    Emotional and cognitive factors were examined in 18 children with mathematical learning disabilities (MLD), compared with 18 normally achieving children, matched for chronological age, school level, gender and verbal IQ. Working memory, short?term memory, inhibitory processes, speed of processing and level of anxiety in mathematics were assessed in the two groups. The results corroborated the hypothesis that children with MLD

  2. Adults with Learning Disabilities. ERIC Digest No. 189.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kerka, Sandra

    Thanks to increased advocacy and research, several major federal laws, and heightened awareness of the changing demands of the workplace, more attention is being focused on adults with learning disabilities (LD). There is still no consensus on definitions of LD. Estimates of the incidence of LD range from 5% to 20% of the population. Adults with…

  3. The Learning Disability Phenomenon in Pursuit of Axioms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Healey, William C.

    2005-01-01

    The social epistemologist studies the basic nature of knowledge and defines axioms as statements of absolute truths that are undeniable, inescapable, and devoid of most uncertainties (Machan, 1985). The accidental phenomenon of learning disabilities (LD) has pursued the scientific truths in axioms for 42 years. Writing facts and perceptions…

  4. An Exploration of Community Learning Disability Nurses' Therapeutic Role

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marsham, Marian

    2012-01-01

    This literature review and primary qualitative research explores therapeutic role from the perspective of Community Learning Disability Nurses. Semi-structured interviews, based on Critical Incident Technique ("Psychol Bull", 51, 1954, 327), and descriptive phenomenological methodology were adopted to elicit data amenable to systematic content…

  5. Adult Language/Learning Disability: Issues and Resources.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Comstock, Renee; Kamara, Carol A.

    A language/learning disability (LLD) is a disorder that may affect the comprehension and use of spoken or written language as well as nonverbal language, such as eye contact and tone of speech in both adults and children. Most research, treatment, and support resources emphasize childhood LLD, but the problems do not disappear once a person has…

  6. Conversational Interactions of the Learning Disabled and Nondisabled Child.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Markoski, Barbara D.

    1983-01-01

    The performance of 15 pairs of learning disabled and nondisabled peers (7-11 years old) on a persuasion task and their recorded conversations during a cooperative construction task were compared. Results suggested that the groups may be distinguished on the basis of their verbal communications. (Author/CL)

  7. Characteristics of Language Disorders in Learning Disabled Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Candler, Ann C.; Hildreth, Bertina L.

    1990-01-01

    Attention is given to the characteristics, identification, and remediation of language disorders frequently associated with learning-disabled students. Characteristics include off-target responding, inaccurate word selection, neologisms, referent errors, topic closure, and sequencing difficulties. Remediation involves self-concept building,…

  8. Helping Eliminate Early Learning Disabilities. Final Evaluation Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greene, Mark; And Others

    This document summarizes the second year accomplishments of Central Point School District Number 6's Title III project: Helping Eliminate Early Learning Disabilities. For purposes of evaluation, the project has been organized into three major components; Instructional; Development; and Management. Each component has product and process objectives.…

  9. Specific Learning Disabilities: Clarifying, Not Eliminating, a Construct

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nancy Mather; Noel Gregg

    2006-01-01

    Over the past decades, both researchers and practitioners in the field of specific learning disabilities (LD) have grappled over an appropriate definition as well as the subsequent operational diagnostic criteria. In a recent article in Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, S. C. Dombrowski, R. W. Kamphaus, and C. R. Reynolds (2004) proposed a new set of suggested diagnostic criteria that

  10. Implementing CRA with Secondary Students with Learning Disabilities in Mathematics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Witzel, Bradley S.; Riccomini, Paul J.; Schneider, Elke

    2008-01-01

    Students with learning disabilities struggle to acquire essential mathematical concepts and skills, especially at the secondary level. One effective approach to improving secondary math performance supported by research is the concrete-to-representational-to-abstract (CRA) sequence of instruction. Although CRA is an evidenced-based instructional…

  11. Learning Disabled Writers and Word Processing: Performance and Attitude Gains.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collins, Terence; And Others

    1987-01-01

    Describes a study of changes in attitudes and writing performance of learning-disabled (LD) college students resulting from a mainstream writing class employing a workshop format and microcomputer word processors. The LD students' performance level was consistent with the non-LD students in the class, and their writing attitudes improved. (DMM)

  12. Nonverbal Learning Disability Explained: The Link to Shunted Hydrocephalus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rissman, Barbara

    2011-01-01

    A nonverbal learning disability is believed to be caused by damage, disorder or destruction of neuronal white matter in the brain's right hemisphere and may be seen in persons experiencing a wide range of neurological diseases such as hydrocephalus and other types of brain injury (Harnadek & Rourke 1994). This article probes the relationship…

  13. Teaching Multiplication with Regrouping to Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flores, Margaret M.; Hinton, Vanessa M.; Schweck, Kelly B.

    2014-01-01

    The Common Core Standards require demonstration of conceptual knowledge of numbers, operations, and relations between mathematical concepts. Supplemental instruction should explicitly guide students with specific learning disabilities (SLD) in these skills. In this article, we illustrate implementation of the concrete-representational-abstract…

  14. Designing Online Instruction for Postsecondary Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simoncelli, Andrew; Hinson, Janice

    2010-01-01

    This research details the methodologies that could be used to better deliver online course content to students with learning disabilities. Research has shown how the design of the course affects the students' attitudes and performance. This article details the methodology and pedagogical side of the delivery including instructional methods that…

  15. Teaching Learning Disabled Students Goal-Implementation Skills.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tollefson, Nona; And Others

    1986-01-01

    Eight learning disabled junior high school students were taught goal-setting and self-regulatory skills in a resource room setting. The goal-implementation strategy was effective in increasing some students' rates of assignment completion in the resource room and in the regular classroom. (Author/ABB)

  16. Concerns of Families of Children with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waggoner, Karen; Wilgosh, Lorraine

    1990-01-01

    Parents of learning-disabled children from eight families were interviewed. Seven fields of concern emerged, including parental involvement in education, parent-school relationships, support for parents, social concerns for the child, concern for the child's future, emotional strains of parenting, and effects on the family. (Author/PB)

  17. Culturally Responsive Instruction for English Language Learners with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Orosco, Michael John; O'Connor, Rollanda

    2014-01-01

    This case study describes the culturally responsive instruction of one special education teacher with Latino English language learners (ELLs) with learning disabilities in an urban elementary school setting. This study was situated in a social constructivist research based framework. In investigating this instruction with ELLs, this study focused…

  18. Attributional Style of Children with and without Specific Learning Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pasta, Tiziana; Mendola, Manuela; Longobardi, Claudio; Prino, Laura Elvira; Gastaldi, Francesca Giovanna Maria

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: The literature highlights that pupils with Specific Learning Disability (SLD) often reveal a poor meta-cognitive system, with low levels of attribution to internal factors like diligence and personal skill, and high levels of attribution to external factors like ease of task, luck or help from others. Methods: This study aims to…

  19. Establishing Learning Disability Support Services with Minimal Resources.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brinckerhoff, Loring C.

    1991-01-01

    Ideas are provided for postsecondary institutions with limited resources wishing to increase their services to learning-disabled students. Practical suggestions are offered on how to define service eligibility, provide reasonable accommodations, establish diagnostic testing procedures, maximize existing ancillary equipment and services, market…

  20. Using Student Learning Communities to Recruit STEM Students with Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Izzo, Margaretha Vreeburg; Murray, Alexa; Priest, Sarah; McArrell, Bianca

    2011-01-01

    Student Learning Communities (SLCs) for high school and college students with disabilities interested in pursuing science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) degrees were piloted at a major Midwestern university from 2009 to 2011. Students participated in a series of weekly sessions and/or a residential campus experience as part of a…

  1. For the Learning Disabled, a Team Approach to College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lipka, Sara

    2006-01-01

    This article describes a privately operated residential program called College Living Experience, a for-profit company, caters to a growing number of students with learning disabilities, Asperger's syndrome, and various emotional or behavioral disorders. The program has a team of full-time staff members helping students with their social and…

  2. Helping Your Learning Disabled Youngster with School Work at Home.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, C. Wilson, Jr.

    The paper describes ways in which parents can help their learning disabled children at home. Suggestions touch upon establishing a set time for evening homework, a consistent place for study, involving fathers in homework, using graph paper to ease arithmetic assignments, considering options for reading assignments, using a duplicate set of books…

  3. Rodin, Patton, Edison, Wilson, Einstein: Were They Really Learning Disabled?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adelman, Kimberly A.; Adelman, Howard S.

    1987-01-01

    The practice of posthumously diagnosing historical figures is discussed. Emphasis is on the unsatisfactory nature of evidence found for those diagnosed as learning-disabled or dyslexic and the possibility of other explanations for identified problems. Posthumous diagnoses of Auguste Rodin, George Patton, Thomas Edison, Woodrow Wilson, and Albert…

  4. The Adult Learning Disabled Employee: The Organization's Hidden Human Resource.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Macomber, Janet A.

    This paper describes an experiment with background material designed to promote problem (learning disabled) employees as human resources rather than rejects. The material is presented in the form of the transcript of a fictional advisory committee meeting attended by the human resources manager, assistant corporate counsel, training director, line…

  5. Adolescents with Learning Disabilities: A Comparative Life-Stream Interpretation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McPhail, Jean C.

    1993-01-01

    High school students with learning disabilities (LD), low achievement, or average achievement responded, several times daily, to questions concerning levels of affect, activation, cognitive efficiency, self-esteem, motivation, and feedback from others. LD students reported feeling more positive and active than the other groups during school hours;…

  6. University Teaching with a Disability: Student Learnings beyond the Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sheridan, Lynnaire; Kotevski, Suzanne

    2014-01-01

    This research examines the learning experience of university students who were tutored by a teacher with quadriplegia mixed type cerebral palsy. It was inspired by Pritchard's [2010. "Disabled People as Culturally Relevant Teachers." "Journal of Social Inclusion" 1 (1): 43-51] argument that the presence of people with a…

  7. College Students with Learning Disabilities: Experiences Using E-Texts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nee, Elizabeth A.

    2012-01-01

    The increasing number of students with learning disabilities (SLDs) attending higher education institutions is well documented (Brinkerhoff, McGuire, & Shaw, 2002; Goodnough, 2011; Hasselbring & Glaser, 2000; Raskind, & Higgins, 1999). E-texts are considered a reasonable accommodation and may help improve reading and comprehension…

  8. Epilepsy, mental health, adults with learning disability – reviewing the evidence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Brian Fitzgerald; Howard Ring

    2009-01-01

    Epilepsy, the experience of learning disability and the experience of mental health problems frequently occur in the same individual and can cause severe disadvantage, distress and vulnerability to the individual, together with a burden of care on families or carers. The challenges posed to clinicians include unpicking the complexities involved in understanding symptoms and presentations as well as the very

  9. College As a Transition Option for Students with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hildreth, Bertina L.; And Others

    Students with learning disabilities (LD) are now enrolling more frequently in higher education programs. This paper reviews the needs of college students with LD, the roles various school staff members can play in preparing students with LD to meet the demands of college, resources useful in preparing students for transition, and transition of…

  10. Teaching Mathematics to Students with Learning Disabilities. Third Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bley, Nancy S.; Thornton, Carol A.

    This book explores teaching techniques and adaptations that have proven effective in teaching mathematics concepts and skills to students with learning disabilities, with a focus on reasoning methods rather than algorithmic calculation. Emphasis is placed on topics that potentially can or commonly do cause the most difficulty for students with…

  11. Effects of Multimedia Vocabulary Instruction on Adolescents with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kennedy, Michael J.; Deshler, Donald D.; Lloyd, John Wills

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this experimental study is to investigate the effects of using content acquisition podcasts (CAPs), an example of instructional technology, to provide vocabulary instruction to adolescents with and without learning disabilities (LD). A total of 279 urban high school students, including 30 with LD in an area related to reading, were…

  12. Employment Satisfaction of University Graduates with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Madaus, Joseph W.; Zhao, Jiarong; Ruban, Lilia

    2008-01-01

    Because of its significant impact on overall life satisfaction, employment satisfaction is one marker for determining successful adult outcomes. The present investigation reports the perceptions of employment satisfaction for 500 graduates with learning disabilities from three postsecondary institutions. The graduates reported high levels of…

  13. Discrepancy Dinosaurs and the Evolution of Specific Learning Disability Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moores-Abdool, Whitney; Unzueta, Caridad H.; Vazquez Donet, Dolores; Bijlsma, Eduard

    2008-01-01

    Identifying Specific Learning Disability (SLD) has been an arduous task. Until IDEA 2004, diagnosing SLD was limited to IQ discrepancy models lacking in both empirical evidence and contributing to minority over-representation. This paper examines the history of SLD assessment, the phenomena of minority over-representation, and the implementation…

  14. Technology for Students with Learning Disabilities: Educational Applications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Higgins, Kyle, Ed.; Boone, Randall, Ed.

    This collection of 12 papers addresses the application of various technologies to the education of students with learning disabilities. Also included is a CD-ROM version of the original text, which provides enhancements through digital editing such as hypertext and hypermedia links. The papers included are: (1) "Special Education Technology:…

  15. Learning among Older Adults with Lifelong Intellectual Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boulton-Lewis, G. M.; Buys, L.; Tedman-Jones, J.

    2008-01-01

    This article includes a description of conceptions of aging and engagement with learning for 16 older people (52 to 80 years; mean age 62 years) with a lifelong intellectual disability. The sample also included the care workers and family member/friend. The older people had sufficient verbal skills to participate in the interviews. Half the sample…

  16. Learning Disabilities and Young Children: Identification and Intervention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Learning Disability Quarterly, 2007

    2007-01-01

    This paper addresses early identification, services, supports, and intervention for young children, birth through 4 years, who demonstrate delays in development that may place them at risk for later identification as having a learning disability (LD). Such delays include atypical patterns of development in cognition, communication, emergent…

  17. Teaching social perceptual skills to students with learning disabilities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrew B. Sandier; Jane Y. Murdock; Elizabeth Dofny; Paul J. Gerber

    1991-01-01

    We investigated the effects of descriptive feedback and reinforcement on the acquisition and exhibition of social perceptual skills in three students with identified learning disabilities and social perceptual deficits. The students rated their teacher's affect based on six emotions, and received feedback regarding the accuracy of their ratings plus reinforcement for accurate ratings. Descriptive feedback and reinforcement resulted in a

  18. Selecting Software for Students with Learning and Other Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marino, Matthew T.; Tsurusaki, Blakely K.; Basham, James D.

    2011-01-01

    Have you ever bought a computer program that you thought would be great for your struggling students, only to find that it did not work on your school computers, or that your students found it difficult to use? Selecting science software for students with learning and other disabilities can be a challenge. This Idea Bank provides a list of…

  19. Enhancing Spelling Performance in Students with Learning Disabilities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Keith A. Nies; Phillip J. Belfiore

    2006-01-01

    The present study, using a single subject adapted alternating treatments design, compared the effects of two spelling strategies (cover, copy, compare, and copy-only) used to enhance spelling performance in 2, third-grade students with learning disabilities. The cover, copy compare (CCC) method required the students to say the word, point to the word, repeat the word, cover the word, print the

  20. Football fandom, social inclusion and learning disability: opportunities and constraints

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kris Southby

    2011-01-01

    In Britain, within the contemporary drive to use sport to tackle the isolation of socially excluded groups, football (soccer) fandom has been suggested in many policy documents as a possible site for enabling people with learning disabilities to become more socially included. Forming the basic theoretical work for my doctoral research, this paper provides a critical analysis of this so

  1. Nonverbal Social Interaction Skills of Children with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Agaliotis, Ioannis; Kalyva, Efrosini

    2008-01-01

    Many children with learning disabilities (LD) face problems in their nonverbal communication, which constitutes an important component of their social skills. This study explores the frequency of nonverbal initiations and responses of 36 children with LD and 36 children without LD matched for age and gender, who were observed for 40 min during the…

  2. The cognitive phenotype of Turner syndrome: Specific learning disabilities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michèle M. M. Mazzocco

    2006-01-01

    Global descriptors of the cognitive phenotype of Turner syndrome are well established and are thus commonly referred to. For example, Turner syndrome is a proposed etiology of the nonverbal learning disability – because of reported relative strengths in verbal skills, and relatively weaker nonverbal skills – particularly in arithmetic, select visuospatial skills, and processing speed. This profile is observed throughout

  3. Students with Learning Disabilities in an Inclusive Writing Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacobs, Patricia; Fu, Danling

    2014-01-01

    This article presents a case study on two fourth grade students with learning disabilities in two different writing situations: writing for test preparation and writing for digital stories. The students' writing behaviors, processes, and products in these two settings are contrasted. The differences in the students' writing experiences…

  4. Adult Literacy, Learning Disabilities, and Technology: An Annotated Bibliography.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Jean

    This document presents a total of 48 references and annotations of works published after 1995 that are in some way related to the topic of adult literacy, learning disabilities, and technology. The first part of the document presents annotations of 30 online articles, journal articles, books, and book articles devoted to the following topics:…

  5. AT Advocates Tackle Attitudes & Education towards Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, John M.

    2006-01-01

    Learning disabilities are present in 10 percent of the population, and the condition is defined as, "A disorder in basic psychological processes involved in understanding or using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell or use mathematical calculations". In this…

  6. Learning Disabilities and the Auditory and Visual Matching Computer Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tormanen, Minna R. K.; Takala, Marjatta; Sajaniemi, Nina

    2008-01-01

    This study examined whether audiovisual computer training without linguistic material had a remedial effect on different learning disabilities, like dyslexia and ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder). This study applied a pre-test-intervention-post-test design with students (N = 62) between the ages of 7 and 19. The computer training lasted eight weeks…

  7. Management of Communication Needs in People with Learning Disability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abudarham, Samuel, Ed.; Hurd, Angela, Ed.

    This book for speech and language therapists explains interventions for increasing the communication skills of adolescents and adults who have learning disabilities or mild mental retardation. The book provides a British perspective, noting how speech language therapy can contribute to educational requirements such as the British National…

  8. Politics, Science, and the Future of Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kauffman, James M.; Hallahan, Daniel P.; Lloyd, John Wills

    1998-01-01

    In response to Kavale and Forness (EC 630 380), this article raises four issues concerning the balance between science and politics in learning disabilities (LD): (1) LD as an objective biological entity; (2) uses of a scientific definition of LD; (3) political advocacy concerning unacceptable achievement and LD; and (4) risks in assuming…

  9. New Angles on Motor and Sensory Coordination in Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldey, Ellen S.

    1998-01-01

    Provides an overview of presentations that were included in the Medical Symposium at the 1998 Learning Disabilities Association conference. The symposium addressed vestibular control and eye movement, postural sway and balance, cerebellar dysfunction, the role of the frontal lobe, developmental coordination disorder, and sensory integration…

  10. Enabling Tutors To Identify Learning Style Preferences in Students with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Layton, Carol A.; Lock, Robin H.

    2003-01-01

    Studied the effects of training in learning style preferences on the ability of tutors to select appropriate learning strategies for student with disabilities. Findings for 68 tutors show that tutors were more successful in creating individualized strategy plans for students after training with the learning style chart. (SLD)

  11. Patterns of Oral Reading Behavior in Learning Disabled Students in Reading Recovery: Is a Child's Learning Disability Environmentally Produced?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lyons, Carol A.

    A study compared two groups of failing first grade readers in the Reading Recovery program to determine what effect this type of instruction had over time on their reading patterns. Subjects, 60 failing first grade readers, 30 learning disabled (LD) children and 30 non-LD children, were randomly selected from urban, suburban, and rural elementary…

  12. Learning Disabilities: A National Responsibility. Summit on Learning Disabilities (Washington, D.C., September 20-21, 1994). [Videotapes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center for Learning Disabilities, Inc., New York, NY.

    Four videocassettes provide the presentations and discussion of four panels from a 1994 summit on the nation's responsibility in relation to individuals with learning disabilities. Each panel examined issues of research, public policy and legislation, good practices, and consumer interest within its area of concentration. The first panel was on…

  13. Mathematics Instruction for Students with Learning Disabilities or Difficulty Learning Mathematics: A Guide for Teachers

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Madhavi Jayanthi

    2008-01-01

    This 16-page report summarizes the findings of meta-research on effective practices for students with learning disabilities or difficulties learning mathematics. The work was conducted by the Center on Instruction and compiled in the report "Mathematics Instruction for Students with Learning Disabilities or Difficulty Learning Mathematics: A Synthesis of the Intervention Research". This summary highlights the seven most effective strategies as determined by the research report. Each strategy is detailed, a discussion of how it is to be utilized is provided, and evidence from the report is given.

  14. Disability as Cultural Difference: Implications for Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anastasiou, Dimitris; Kauffman, James M.

    2012-01-01

    This article critiques the treatment of disability as cultural difference by the theorists of the "social model" and "minority group model" of disability. Both models include all of the various disabling conditions under one term--disability--and fail to distinguish disabilities from cultural differences (e.g., race, ethnicity, or gender…

  15. Learning to solve a problem: a microanalysis of the solution strategies of children with learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Wansart, W L

    1990-03-01

    Ten subjects with learning disabilities and 10 normally achieving subjects, aged 10-5 to 12-5 years, were videotaped while attempting to solve the Tower of Hanoi problem (see Karat, 1982; Piaget, 1976; Simon, 1975). A microanalysis of their problem-solving activities provided a descriptive taxonomy used to analyze what, in fact, individual subjects did when constructing a solution strategy, and to categorize and compare changes in strategy. The results indicated that as a group the normally achieving subjects reached more sophisticated levels of strategy use (p less than .05). However, if the focus of the comparison is on an analysis of how learning proceeded in individuals, then the subjects with learning disabilities appear to be similar to the normally achieving subjects. There was no evidence in these subjects of the popular conception that individuals with learning disabilities are inactive, passive, or maladaptive in their attempts to learn to solve a problem. PMID:2313189

  16. The Legal Context for Serving Students with Learning Disabilities in Postsecondary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keenan, Walter R.; Shaw, Stan F.

    2011-01-01

    The legal basis for serving students with learning disabilities at the K-12 level is predominantly derived from the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). This federal law provides for substantive education support for students with learning disabilities through an Individualized Educational Program (IEP). However, because the IDEA…

  17. Engaging Students with Moderate Mental Disabilities and Nondisabled High School Students as Service-Learning Collaborators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cox, Lakeshia L. Ligon

    2012-01-01

    The practice of service-learning is growing. However, service-learning activities seldom involve high school students with moderate mental disabilities working with peers without disabilities. The purpose of this case study was to gain an understanding of the experiences of personnel who work in partnership with students with disabilities and…

  18. Today's Policy Contexts for Special Education and Students with Specific Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turnbull, H. Rutherford, III

    2009-01-01

    This article presents the author's address on the 2008 International Conference of the Council for Learning Disabilities in Kansas City, Missouri. In this keynote address, the author focuses on the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), and students with specific learning disabilities (SLD), and…

  19. Healthcare for Men and Women with Learning Disabilities: Understanding Inequalities in Access

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Redley, Marcus; Banks, Carys; Foody, Karen; Holland, Anthony

    2012-01-01

    Healthcare for men and women with learning disabilities (known internationally as intellectual disabilities) has risen up the political agenda in the United Kingdom, propelled by a report from the charity Mencap. This report has resulted in renewed efforts, set out in "Valuing People Now", to ensure that people with learning disabilities receive…

  20. But It's Not All about the Sex: Mothering, Normalisation and Young Learning Disabled People

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rogers, Chrissie

    2010-01-01

    This paper is about mothering, young learning disabled people, their sexualised and relationship lives and normalisation--not through the lens of the disabled person, but via a mothers perspective and theoretical discussion. As a mother who has a learning disabled daughter, a feminist and an academic my own mothering experience, my Ph.D. research…

  1. Ontology-Driven Disability-Aware E-Learning Personalisation with ONTODAPS

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nganji, Julius T.; Brayshaw, Mike; Tompsett, Brian

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to show how personalisation of learning resources and services can be achieved for students with and without disabilities, particularly responding to the needs of those with multiple disabilities in e-learning systems. The paper aims to introduce ONTODAPS, the Ontology-Driven Disability-Aware Personalised…

  2. Molecular and Cellular Mechanisms of Learning Disabilities: A Focus on NF1

    PubMed Central

    Shilyansky, C.; Lee, Y.S.; Silva, A.J.

    2011-01-01

    Neurofibromatosis Type I (NF1) is a single-gene disorder characterized by a high incidence of complex cognitive symptoms, including learning disabilities, attention deficit disorder, executive function deficits, and motor coordination problems. Since the underlying genetic cause of this disorder is known, study of NF1 from a molecular, cellular, and systems perspective has provided mechanistic insights into the etiology of higher-order cognitive symptoms associated with the disease. In particular, studies of animal models of NF1 indicated that disruption of Ras regulation of inhibitory networks is critical to the etiology of cognitive deficits associated with NF1. Animal models of Nf1 identified mechanisms and pathways that are required for cognition, and represent an important complement to the complex neuropsychological literature on learning disabilities associated with this condition. Here, we review findings from NF1 animal models and human populations affected by NF1, highlighting areas of potential translation and discussing the implications and limitations of generalizing findings from this single-gene disease to idiopathic learning disabilities. PMID:20345245

  3. The mental health needs of people with severe learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Higgins, Steve

    People with severe learning disabilities can present with complex behavioural and emotional needs that are best understood within a biopsychosocial framework. This article outlines the range of issues involved in the presentation and identification of mental health needs in people with severe learning disabilities. The use of a multidisciplinary and multimodal approach to assessment, care planning and case management is promoted in order to provide effective, comprehensive care in meeting the mental health needs of this client group. The key knowledge and skills required to meet the mental health needs of this client group are outlined and the role of the nurse as a key professional in the coordination of the assessment and care management process is explored. PMID:15687901

  4. Wage differentials between college graduates with and without learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Dickinson, David L; Verbeek, Roelant L

    2002-01-01

    Wage differential studies examining legally protected groups typically focus on gender or racial differences. Legislation also fully protects individuals with learning disabilities (LD). This article is the first to decompose wage differentials between adults with and without LD. An original data set of college graduates with documented LD was constructed, and these individuals were compared to a control group from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY). Our results show that much of the observed lower wages for individuals with LD is due to differences in productivity characteristics. However, there is an unexplained portion of the wage gap that could possibly be considered wage discrimination against individuals with LD. This possibility seems smaller due to the fact that the subsample of the employers who knew of the employee's learning disabilities did not appear to pay significantly lower wages to these individuals. Alternative hypotheses are discussed, as are sample-specific issues. PMID:15490744

  5. Effects of the Learning Opportunities Task Force (LOTF) Programs on Postsecondary Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harrison, Allyson G.; Areepattamannil, Shaljan; Freeman, John

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the effects of participation in the Learning Opportunities Task Force (LOTF) programs on postsecondary students with learning disabilities (LDs). Data regarding 969 students from 6 colleges and 4 universities in Ontario were evaluated to investigate rates of academic success and increased self-awareness. Participants had a…

  6. Computer-Mediated Intersensory Learning Model for Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seok, Soonhwa; DaCosta, Boaventura; Kinsell, Carolyn; Poggio, John C.; Meyen, Edward L.

    2010-01-01

    This article proposes a computer-mediated intersensory learning model as an alternative to traditional instructional approaches for students with learning disabilities (LDs) in the inclusive classroom. Predominant practices of classroom inclusion today reflect the six principles of zero reject, nondiscriminatory evaluation, appropriate education,…

  7. Mathematics Instruction for Students with Learning Disabilities or Difficulty Learning Mathematics: A Guide for Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jayanthi, Madhavi; Gersten, Russell; Baker, Scott

    2008-01-01

    This guide for teachers is a companion piece to the meta-analysis from the Center on Instruction, "Mathematics Instruction for Students with Learning Disabilities or Difficulty Learning Mathematics: A Synthesis of the Intervention Research". Based on the findings of this report, seven effective instructional practices were identified for teaching…

  8. Universal Design for Learning: Critical Need Areas for People with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strobel, Wendy; Arthanat, Sajay; Bauer, Stephen; Flagg, Jennifer

    2007-01-01

    The primary market research outlined in this paper was conducted by the Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center on Technology Transfer to identify critical technology needs for people with learning disabilities. Based on the research conducted, the underlying context of these technology needs is Universal Design for Learning (UDL). The paper…

  9. A Synthesis of Research on Informational Text Reading Interventions for Elementary Students With Learning Disabilities.

    PubMed

    Ciullo, Stephen; Lo, Yu-Ling Sabrina; Wanzek, Jeanne; Reed, Deborah K

    2014-06-23

    This research synthesis was conducted to understand the effectiveness of interventions designed to improve learning from informational text for students with learning disabilities in elementary school (K-5). The authors identified 18 studies through a comprehensive search. The interventions were evaluated to determine treatment effects and to understand implementation and methodological variables that influenced outcomes. Moderate to large effect sizes on researcher-developed measures for cognitive strategy interventions were reported. Interventions that utilized graphic organizers as study guides to support social studies learning were also associated with improved outcomes. The findings are considered within the context of limited implementation of standardized measures. The authors extend findings from previous research by reporting a paucity of interventions to enhance higher-level cognitive and comprehension skills. The majority of reviewed studies targeted fact acquisition and main idea identification, and overall encouraging findings were noted for these skills. Implications for future research are discussed. PMID:24958632

  10. Understanding and Managing Learning Disabilities in Adults. Professional Practices in Adult Education and Human Resource Development Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jordan, Dale R.

    This book reviews learning disabilities (LD) in adults and makes suggestions for helping adults cope with these disabilities. Each chapter covers a type of learning disability or related syndrome or explains characteristics of the brain. Chapter 1 explains several types of specific learning disabilities that make classroom performance difficult…

  11. Computer Assisted Instruction to Promote Comprehension in Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stetter, Maria Earman; Hughes, Marie Tejero

    2011-01-01

    Reading comprehension is a crucial skill for academic success of all students. Very often, students with learning disabilities struggle with reading skills and since students learn new information in school by reading; these difficulties often increase the academic struggles students with learning disabilities face. The current study examined…

  12. Marginalization and its effects on the sexuality related potentials of the learning disabled person

    Microsoft Academic Search

    F. Sheerin; D. Sines

    1999-01-01

    Prejudice exists at all levels of society, finding its basis in over-generalized, learned attitudes towards those individuals who do not conform to what is perceived to be normal within that society. This prejudice has, within learning disability services, found expression in the marginalization of learning disabled people away from the mainstream of society, and their admission into long stay institutions.

  13. Evaluation of the Benefits of Assistive Reading Software: Perceptions of High School Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chiang, Hsin-Yu; Liu, Chien-Hsiou

    2011-01-01

    Using assistive reading software may be a cost-effective way to increase the opportunity for independent learning in students with learning disabilities. However, the effectiveness and perception of assistive reading software has seldom been explored in English-as-a-second language students with learning disabilities. This research was designed to…

  14. Reading Interventions for Students with Learning Disabilities in the Upper Elementary Grades

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wanzek, Jeanne; Kent, Shawn C.

    2012-01-01

    For students with learning disabilities, the upper elementary grades may represent a unique opportunity to provide successful remediation for lessening a reading difficulty and preventing students with learning disabilities from falling behind in other content areas. This article discusses effective reading interventions for students with learning

  15. Disabilities and e-Learning Problems and Solutions: An Exploratory Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fichten, Catherine S.; Ferraro, Vittoria; Asuncion, Jennison V.; Chwojka, Caroline; Barile, Maria; Nguyen, Mai N.; Klomp, Ryan; Wolforth, Joan

    2009-01-01

    This study explored e-learning problems and solutions reported by 223 students with disabilities, 58 campus disability service providers, 28 professors, and 33 e-learning professionals from Canadian colleges and universities. All four groups indicated, via online questionnaires, problems with: accessibility of websites and course/learning

  16. Cooperative Group, Risk-Taking and Inclusion of Pupils with Learning Disabilities in Physical Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andre, Amael; Louvet, Benoit; Deneuve, Pascale

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this research was to study the impact of cooperative learning on changes in cooperative behaviours and acceptance amongst pupils with learning disabilities related to risk-taking. One hundred and sixty-eight French first year middle school pupils participated in this study. Thirty-six pupils with learning disabilities were mainstreamed…

  17. Parallels between Learning Disabilities and Fetal Alcohol Syndrome/Effect: No Need To Reinvent the Wheel.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Carol L.; Lapadat, Judith C.

    2000-01-01

    A survey of the research and practice literatures on learning disabilities and on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome/Effect revealed parallels in learning characteristics, as well as in the recommended interventions. Based on these parallels, an adolescent with Fetal Alcohol received intervention. Teaching strategies for students with learning disabilities

  18. Perceptual organization, phonological awareness, and reading comprehension in adults with and without learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Stothers, Margot; Klein, Perry D

    2010-12-01

    It is not clear from research whether, or to what extent, reading comprehension is impaired in adults who have learning disabilities (LD). The influence of perceptual organization (PO) and phonological awareness (PA) on reading comprehension was investigated. PO and PA are cognitive functions that have been examined in previous research for their roles in nonverbal LD and phonological dyslexia, respectively. Nonverbal tests of PO and non-reading tests of PA were administered to a sample of adults with postsecondary education. Approximately two thirds of the sample had previously been diagnosed as having LD. In a multiple regression analysis, tests of PO and PA were used to predict scores for tests of reading comprehension and mechanics. Despite the nonverbal nature of the perceptual organizational test stimuli, PO strongly predicted reading comprehension. Tests of PA predicted decoding and reading speed. Results were interpreted as supporting the hypothesis that integrative processes usually characterized as nonverbal were nonetheless used by readers with and without disabilities to understand text. The study's findings have implications for understanding the reading of adults with learning disabilities, and the nature of reading comprehension in general. PMID:20838941

  19. Emotion Recognition in Adults with Mild-Moderate Learning DisabilitiesAn Exploratory Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ann Owen; Mary Browning; Robert S. P. Jones

    2001-01-01

    Adults with mild-moderate learning disabilities, together with non-learning disabled adults, were given emotion recognition tasks where they identified (1) the categorical emotion portrayed in facial photographs, affect-laden stories, and memory of personal emotional experience, and (2) the emotion dimensions (valence and arousal) portrayed in facial photographs, and stories. Adults with learning disabilities demonstrated impaired performance, relative to controls, in categorical

  20. Henry Chan Inclusive Education Grant for Students with a Disability or Special Learning Needs

    E-print Network

    Tam, Vincent W. L.

    Henry Chan Inclusive Education Grant for Students with a Disability or Special Learning Needs* (including attention deficit/ hyperactive disorders, autism /autistic spectrum disorders, hearing impairments

  1. Cooperative learning and peer acceptance of students with learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Putnam, J; Markovchick, K; Johnson, D W; Johnson, R T

    1996-12-01

    The effects of cooperative learning on 417 regular-education students, acceptance of 41 of their special-education classmates were examined in an 8-month study. The participants were in Grades 5-8 in 21 classes in 2 U.S. schools. The 3 conditions were cooperative learning and competitive learning, taught by the same teachers, and competitive learning, taught by a random sample of teachers. In October and in May, the regular-education students rated each classmate's desirability as a work partner. The students' peer ratings were generally very stable, for both their regular-education classmates and their special-education classmates. Positive changes in peer ratings for both types of classmates occurred more frequently in the cooperative-learning condition than in the competitive-learning conditions. PMID:9043203

  2. The 2008 Amendments to the Americans with Disabilities Act: Implications for Student Affairs Practitioners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burke, Lisa A.; Friedl, John; Rigler, Michelle

    2010-01-01

    The Americans with Disabilities Act Amendments Act (ADAAA), which became effective at the beginning of 2009, is poised to have potentially wide-reaching implications for higher education. The article reviews the recent amendments to the original Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) (1990), summarizes the relevant Supreme Court cases that have…

  3. Cognitive phenotype of mathematical learning disabilities: what can we learn from siblings?

    PubMed

    Desoete, Annemie; Praet, Magda; Titeca, Daisy; Ceulemans, Annelies

    2013-01-01

    The sensitivity of number sense as cognitive phenotype for mathematical learning disabilities (MLD) was assessed in siblings of children with MLD (n = 9) and age matched children without family members with MLD (n = 63). A number line estimation paradigm was used as a measure of children's early number sense. In line with the triple code model of Dehaene (1992), three different presentation formats were presented. The results of the study confirmed that number line estimation was related to early arithmetic achievement in kindergarten. In addition siblings were less proficient in number line placements compared to non-siblings, with a larger effect size for symbolic and especially number word estimation compared to the non-symbolic results. Siblings also differed from non-siblings on procedural and conceptual counting skills and logical thinking in kindergarten. Moreover MLD had a familial aggregation, since about three out of five sibling girls had clinical scores on an Early Numeracy Test in kindergarten, pointing to a risk to develop MLD themselves. Implications of the study to our understanding of MLD are discussed. PMID:23023299

  4. UN Disability Rights Convention and Implications for Social Work Practice

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hyung Shik Kim

    2010-01-01

    The central argument of this paper is that social work should consider strengthening the rights-based practice of the profession by referencing it more specifically to the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disability (CRPD) and the concept of citizenship as it applies to people with disability. The CRPD has placed people with disability on the global agenda, highlighting

  5. Developing Self-Advocacy: The Experience of College Students in Structured Learning Disabilities Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Rachel Nottingham

    2010-01-01

    The number of students with disabilities arriving on college and university campuses is increasing. Of those students reporting a disability, over half of them state they have a learning disability. Unlike high school, the burden is on the student in college to demonstrate the need for services and communicate this need to the institution in a…

  6. Disability and Development: The Role of Language and E-Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mahama, Edward Salifu

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: In spite of extensive literature on disability studies, little has been done on disability and development, more so the role of language and learning technologies in all of this. The purpose of this paper therefore is to focus on the crucial role language plays in the inclusion or exclusion of people with disabilities in development and…

  7. The Fairness of Report Card Grading Adaptations: What Do Students with and without Learning Disabilities Think?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bursuck, William D.; Munk, Dennis D.; Olson, Mary M.

    1999-01-01

    A study of 15 high school students with learning disabilities and 257 typical students found no grading adaptation was viewed as fair by a majority of students without disabilities. Changing the grading scale and raising grades to reflect improvement were viewed as fair adaptations by the students with disabilities. (CR)

  8. Co-Teachers and Parents' Perceptions of Shortened Assignments for Learning Disabled Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gutierrez, Yxstian

    2013-01-01

    The Individual with Disabilities in Education Act (IDEA) 2007, a federal special education law, states that students with disabilities requiring special education services can use accommodations or adaptations of the curriculum to access the general education curriculum. A shortened assignment, as an accommodation, can help learning disabled

  9. Meeting the Needs of English Language Learners With Learning Disabilities in the General Curriculuam

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shernaz B. García; Brenda-Jean Tyler

    2010-01-01

    To be academically successful in general education classrooms, English language learners (ELLs) with learning disabilities (LD) need instruction that is simultaneously responsive to their disability, English language status, and culture. Because the majority of students with LD have reading disabilities, ESL and classroom teachers must be familiar with instructional strategies that will support language and literacy development in the content

  10. Looking through the learning disability lens: inclusive education and the learning disability embodiment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Athena Goodfellow

    2012-01-01

    Inclusion as an educational approach for students with disabilities is a widely debated topic. The concept of inclusion is often referred to as a philosophy that all pupils – regardless of ability and other differences – should be included within age-appropriate community schools [Stainback, S.B. and Stainback, W. eds., 1996. Inclusion: a guide for educators. Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes

  11. Intellectual Disability

    MedlinePLUS

    ... getting ready! Back to top What is an Intellectual Disability? Intellectual disability is a term used when a ... cannot learn. Back to top What Causes an Intellectual Disability? Doctors have found many causes of intellectual disabilities. ...

  12. Adolescents with Disabilities Transitioning to Adulthood: Implications for a Diverse and Multicultural Population

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trainor, Audrey A.

    2010-01-01

    Regardless of disability status, adolescents benefit from planning and instruction as they prepare to move forward into adulthood. For those with disabilities, however, transition education--that is, the planning, direct instruction, and experiential learning that helps adolescents make decisions and gain requisite attitudes, knowledge, and…

  13. Disproportionality and Learning Disabilities: Parsing Apart Race, Socioeconomic Status, and Language

    PubMed Central

    Shifrer, Dara; Muller, Chandra; Callahan, Rebecca

    2014-01-01

    The disproportionate identification of learning disabilities among certain socio-demographic subgroups, typically groups who are already disadvantaged, is perceived as a persistent problem within the education system. The academic and social experiences of students who are misidentified with a learning disability may be severely restricted, while students with a learning disability who are never identified are less likely to receive the accommodations and modifications necessary to learn at their maximum potential. We use the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 to describe national patterns in learning disability identification. Results indicate that socio-demographic characteristics are predictive of identification with a learning disability. While some conventional areas of disproportionality are confirmed (males and language minorities), differences in SES entirely account for African-American and Hispanic disproportionality. Discrepancy between the results of bivariate and multivariate analyses confirms the importance of employing multivariate multilevel models in investigation of disproportionality. PMID:20587753

  14. Work-Based Learning for Adolescents with Learning Disabilities: Creating a Context for Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Versnel, Joan; Hutchinson, Nancy L.; Munby, Hugh; Chin, Peter

    2008-01-01

    This paper describes cases of two adolescents with learning disabilities working in automotive repair businesses as part of a work-based education program. Neither adolescent was judged to have been successful by the workplace supervisors. The frameworks chosen for analyzing these cases draw upon recent work in self-determination, workplace…

  15. Cognitive Phenotype of Mathematical Learning Disabilities: What Can We Learn from Siblings?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Desoete, Annemie; Praet, Magda; Titeca, Daisy; Ceulemans, Annelies

    2013-01-01

    The sensitivity of number sense as cognitive phenotype for mathematical learning disabilities (MLD) was assessed in siblings of children with MLD (n = 9) and age matched children without family members with MLD (n = 63). A number line estimation paradigm was used as a measure of children's early number sense. In line with the triple code model of…

  16. Using Learning-Strategies Instruction with Students Who Are Gifted and Learning Disabled

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bisland, Amy

    2004-01-01

    Regardless of prevalence, students who are gifted and learning disabled do exist in America's public schools, and they have unique needs that must be met through our education system (Bees, 1998). Special education teachers, regular education teachers, and teachers of the gifted should be aware of the unique characteristics of students who are…

  17. Social Skills Learning for Students with Learning Disabilities and Students with Behaviour Disorders

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Malka Margalit

    1995-01-01

    This study examined the effects of a computer?assisted social skills intervention on the social competence and behaviour adjustment of students with special needs. The sample consisted of 114 male students, divided into two groups: 52 students with learning disabilities (LD) (mean age = 12.23; SD = 1.12) and 62 students with behaviour disorders (BD) (mean age = 12.53; SD =

  18. Taking on a Learning Disability: At the Crossroads of Special Education and Adolescent Literacy Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCloskey, Erin

    2012-01-01

    In the United States, approximately 2.5 million students are diagnosed as having a learning disability and the majority of those children are placed in special education because of an inability to read as expected. As a result of this diagnosis, these children may be placed in special education classrooms--classrooms that are separate from the…

  19. Transactional learning for learning-disabled (LD) adolescents: Facilitating teacher change and curriculum development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Valerie Ann Rowe

    1996-01-01

    This study, based on Freire's pedagogy, evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of introducing transactional teaching for learning disabled (LD) adolescents. The transactional approach, based on interaction between teacher and active learner, has been effectively employed in regular education classes, but minimally with LD students. In the current study, a structured intervention to enhance transactional teaching was employed with a teacher

  20. Computer-Assisted Cooperative Learning in Integrated Classrooms for Students With and Without Disabilities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joy F. Xin

    1999-01-01

    This study investigated the effects of computer-assisted cooperative learning in mathematics instruction within integrated classrooms for students with and without disabilities. A total of 118, 3rd grade elementary students, 25 of whom had learning disabilities participated in the study. These students were grouped into a cooperative or whole-class learning environment to learn mathematics supported by computer technology. Six regular teachers

  1. Learning Disability Liaison Nursing Services in South East Scotland:A mixed methods impact and ouotcome research study 

    E-print Network

    MacArthur, Juliet; Brown, Michael; Hayes, Matt; Mack, Siobhan; McKechanie, Andrew; Fletcher, Joan; Gibbs, Susie; Wilkinson, Heather

    To explore and identify the impact of Learning Disability Liaison Nursing (LDLN) Services in NHS Lothian, Forth Valley, Borders and Fife on the healthcare experiences of people with a learning disability attending for ...

  2. Learning Disability Liaising Nursing Services in South East Scotland: A mixed methods impact and outcome research study 

    E-print Network

    MacArthur, Juliet; Brown, Michael; Hayes, Matt; Mack, Siobhan; McKechanie, Andrew; Fletcher, Joan; Gibbs, Susie; Wilkinson, Heather

    To explore and identify the impact of Learning Disability Liaison Nursing (LDLN) Services in NHS Lothian, Forth Valley, Borders and Fife on the healthcare experiences of people with a learning disability attending for ...

  3. RESPONSE TO INSTRUCTION IN THE IDENTIFICATION OF LEARNING DISABILITIES: A GUIDE FOR SCHOOL TEAMS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joseph F. Kovaleski; David P. Prasse

    Amid the activity surrounding the reauthorization of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) in the early 2000s were calls for a reconceptualization of how learning disabilities are assessed and identified. The IQ-achievement discrepancy, which had been the predominant method of identifying learning disabilities since the original establishment of regulations (for then Public Law 94-142) in 1977, was challenged on

  4. Breaking the Discrepancy Code: A Meta-Analysis of the Specific Learning Disability Literature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bachmeier, Randy J.

    2009-01-01

    Previous "selective" meta-analyses of the literature relating to the IQ-achievement discrepancy model of specific learning disability identification have concluded that "underachieving" and "low-achieving" poor readers do not differ in any educationally meaningful way. Underachievers are those poor readers who qualify as learning disabled using an…

  5. Assistive Technology and the Law: A Guide for Persons with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Birnbaum, Barry W.; Kritikos, Effie Papoutsis

    2008-01-01

    The law clearly states how assistive technology is to be used for children with learning disabilities. This article focuses upon the different types of technology that can be used for children with learning disabilities and provides an overview of the different types of technology available. (Contains 4 tables.)

  6. Diagnosing and Treating Learning Disabilities in Gifted Children: A Neurodevelopmental Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kokot, Shirley J.

    2003-01-01

    This article reviews the identification of students with learning disabilities, gifted children, and problems facing the remediation of their difficulties. An outline is given of an approach that applies neuroscience to understanding and treating the root cause of learning disabilities. A case study of a child labeled dyslexic is presented.…

  7. Instructing Students with Learning Disabilities: Guidelines for Community College Faculty and Support Staff. Conference Proceedings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perin, Dolores, Ed.

    In a series of conferences provided for faculty and support staff in several community colleges in the New York City metropolitan area, presentations were made on instructing college students with learning disabilities. Summaries of 15 of these presentations are offered, with the following titles and presenters: "Applying Learning Disabilities

  8. Strategy Instruction in Reading Comprehension: An Intervention Study for Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Antoniou, Faye; Souvignier, Elmar

    2007-01-01

    Teaching reading strategies and guiding students towards self-regulated reading routines are promising approaches to fostering reading comprehension in students with learning disabilities. The aim of this study was to evaluate in a sample of 73 fifth to eighth graders with learning disabilities (IQ higher than 85 and reading skills below…

  9. School-Related Stress and Depression in Adolescents with and without Learning Disabilities: An Exploratory Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feurer, D. Paige; Andrews, Jac J. W.

    2009-01-01

    This study examined school-related stress and depression in adolescents with and without learning disabilities. A total of 87 students (38 learning-disabled and 49 nondisabled) from secondary schools in Calgary completed questionnaires on depressive symptoms and on school-related stress. Results indicated that the adolescents with LD reported…

  10. WISC–R Patterns of Cognitive Abilities in Behavior Disordered and Learning Disabled Children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. Stewart Longman; James Inglis; J. Stuart Lawson

    1991-01-01

    Both behavior disorder (BD) and learning disability (LD) are frequently diagnosed in the same children. This study comprises 2 parts. First, previously published data were examined to compare the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children–Revised (WISC–R) profiles of groups of children diagnosed as BD and to assess the fit of their scores to the Learning Disability Index (LDI). Second, new data

  11. Using Standardized Psychometric Tests to Identify Learning Disabilities in Students with Sensorineural Hearing Impairments.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sikora, Darryn M.; Plapinger, Donald S.

    1994-01-01

    The use of standardized psychoeducational diagnostic instruments to identify learning disabilities was evaluated with 19 students (ages 7 to 13) with sensorineural hearing impairments. Students with hearing impairment were found to demonstrate learning disabilities with a frequency similar to that found in students with normal hearing, suggesting…

  12. College Students with Learning Disabilities Speak Out: What It Takes to Be Successful in Postsecondary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skinner, Michael E.

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify variables that facilitate the academic success of college students with learning disabilities. Twenty recent college graduates with documented learning disabilities were interviewed using a semi-structured format. An analysis of the transcripts of the interviews revealed eight common themes, many of which…

  13. Disproportionality and Learning Disabilities: Parsing Apart Race, Socioeconomic Status, and Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shifrer, Dara; Muller, Chandra; Callahan, Rebecca

    2011-01-01

    The disproportionate identification of learning disabilities among certain sociodemographic subgroups, typically groups that are already disadvantaged, is perceived as a persistent problem within the education system. The academic and social experiences of students who are misidentified with a learning disability may be severely restricted,…

  14. Evaluating College Programs for Learning Disabled Students: An Approach for Adaptation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGuire, Joan M.; And Others

    The paper presents a comprehensive approach to evaluation of programs for postsecondary students with learning disabilities. The evaluation design is suitable for programs in 2-year and 4-year settings, and incorporates both process and product evaluation methods. The approach was used to evaluate learning disability support services at Housatonic…

  15. "My Memory's Back!" Inclusive Learning Disability Research Using Ethics, Oral History and Digital Storytelling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manning, Corinne

    2010-01-01

    The following article outlines the methodological approach used to include people with learning disabilities as active participants in an oral history produced in Australia. The history sought to document life inside Kew Cottages, Australia's oldest and largest specialised institution for people with learning disabilities. This work furthers…

  16. Specialist practitioner within community learning disability nursing and the primary health care team

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Bollard; M. J. D. Jukes

    1999-01-01

    Specialist nurses within learning disability services have been identified and promoted as a result of the National Health Service and Community Care reforms (I990), as well as through intensified debate within the learning disability nursing profession. The Department of Health has further supported the analysis of the role and the function within the context of the health and social care

  17. The Experiences of Children with Learning Disabilities, Their Carers and Staff during a Hospital Admission

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Freddy Jackson; Guvenir, Jane

    2009-01-01

    Government policy is that people with learning disabilities should have their healthcare needs met by mainstream services. This study interviewed the carers of 13 children with learning disabilities admitted to hospital for a period longer than 24 h. Nursing staff and two children were also interviewed. Five themes were identified as having a…

  18. Evaluating an Anxiety Group for People with Learning Disabilities Using a Mixed Methodology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marwood, Hayley; Hewitt, Olivia

    2013-01-01

    The effectiveness of group therapy for people with learning disabilities and anxiety management issues is reviewed. People with learning disabilities face increased levels of psychological distress compared to the general population, yet are often faced with a lack of social support and poor coping techniques to manage their distress. A 6-week…

  19. Boston U. Chief Admits He Made Up Story of a Student with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strosnider, Kim

    1997-01-01

    In a speech, Boston University (Massachusetts) president Jon Westling used "Somnolent Samantha" as an example of potential for student abuse of identification as learning disabled. Because Samantha was fictitious, 10 students have sued the university, charging Westling with holding an unfair view of students with learning disabilities. The…

  20. Teachers' Attitudes to Signing for Children with Severe Learning Disabilities in Indonesia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sheehy, Kieron; Budiyanto

    2014-01-01

    The Indonesian education system is striving for an inclusive approach and techniques are needed which can support children with severe learning disabilities and their peers in this context. Manually signed language has proved useful both in supporting the development and empowerment of children with severe learning disabilities and supporting…

  1. Social and Self-Perceptions of Adolescents Identified as Gifted, Learning Disabled, and Twice-Exceptional

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barber, Carolyn; Mueller, Conrad T.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the social and self-perceptions of twice-exceptional "students", those students who meet criteria for being identified as both gifted and learning disabled. In particular, we focus on how twice-exceptional students are similar to, or different from, students with only a learning disability or who are only…

  2. Sensitizing Teachers to English Language Learner Evaluation Procedures for Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Layton, Carol A.; Lock, Robin H.

    2002-01-01

    Identifying appropriate evaluation strategies for students who are English Language Learners (ELL) and have a learning disability is of critical importance in today's schools. A lack of sensitivity to the differences in ELL characteristics and those of learning disabilities has often resulted in over-identification for special education services.…

  3. A Volunteer Literacy Tutor Training Model for Teaching Adults with or without Learning Disabilities. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pottstown YWCA Adult Literacy Center, PA.

    This report describes a project to develop a tutor training model for teaching adults who manifested signs of learning disabilities. A needs assessment was done by surveying previously trained tutors. Existing adult literacy materials and instructional materials specifically developed for individuals with learning disabilities were reviewed and…

  4. ICT for Adults with Learning Disabilities: An Organisation-Wide Audit.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aspinall, Ann; Hegarty, John R.

    2001-01-01

    Describes a survey of microcomputer use for adults with learning disability within The Home Farm Trust, a United Kingdom national organization for people with learning disability that was carried out in light of a planned organization-wide initiative to introduce modern information and communications technology to service users. (Author/LRW)

  5. Young People with Harmful Sexual Behaviour: Do Those with Learning Disabilities Form a Distinct Subgroup?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Almond, Louise; Giles, Susan

    2008-01-01

    The study examines 102 young people with Learning Disabilities (n = 51) and without a learning disability (NLD; n = 51) to explore ways in which LD young people with harmful sexual behaviours (HSB) should be recognized as a subgroup requiring specialized treatment and intervention. Throughout this comparison of perpetrator, victim and abuse…

  6. Comparison of Visual-Spatial Performance Strategy Training in Children with Turner Syndrome and Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Janet K.; And Others

    1992-01-01

    Thirteen females with Turner syndrome, 13 females with nonverbal learning disabilities, and 14 males with nonverbal learning disabilities, ages 7-14, were taught via a cognitive behavioral modification approach to verbally mediate a spatial matching task. All three groups showed significant task improvement after the training, with no significant…

  7. Case Studies of High-Ability Students with Learning Disabilities Who Have Achieved.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reis, Sally M.; And Others

    1997-01-01

    Qualitative methods were used to examine experiences of 12 successful college students with learning disabilities. The participants reported social problems, difficulty with teachers, and frustration with certain academic areas, sometimes resulting from the interaction of their high ability and learning disabilities. Participants successfully…

  8. Transition and Students with Learning Disabilities: Facilitating the Movement from School to Adult Life.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patton, James R., Ed.; Blalock, Ginger, Ed.

    Eleven chapters provide in-depth perspectives on outcomes and issues of youth with learning disabilities as they move from high school to adulthood. Stressed throughout is the importance of comprehensive transition planning and the educational, employment, social, and living options available to persons with learning disabilities. Chapter titles…

  9. Using Contact Work in Interactions with Adults with Learning Disabilities and Autistic Spectrum Disorders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brooks, Sharon; Paterson, Gail

    2011-01-01

    This article describes a project about using contact work with people with learning disabilities and autistic spectrum disorder. People with learning disabilities and additional autistic spectrum disorder are at risk of becoming socially isolated because of their difficulties in interacting with others. Contact work is a form of Pre-Therapy, which…

  10. Effects of an Intervention on Math Achievement for Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kitchens, Vivian D.

    2012-01-01

    Students with learning disabilities score lower than other at-risk groups on state standardized assessment tests. Educators are searching for intervention strategies to improve math achievement for students with learning disabilities. Using the theoretical framework of behaviorism, the purpose of this quantitative one group pre post test design…

  11. Who Is the Student with a Specific Learning Disability? Parent Page. Winter 2007

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Research Center on Learning Disabilities, 2007

    2007-01-01

    In education, the term learning disability is used to describe specific kinds of problems that an individual has with understanding or using spoken or written language. A student with a specific learning disability may have difficulty listening, thinking, speaking, reading, writing, spelling, or doing math problems. You may have heard of dyslexia.…

  12. The Development of an Assessment Tool for the Bereavement Needs of People with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blackman, Noelle

    2008-01-01

    Many people with learning disabilities are not well supported when someone close to them dies. This can make it an even more difficult time than it needs to be. This is about how staff can help people with learning disabilities when somebody close to them dies. It has some questions for them to think about. It is well documented that the death of…

  13. The Use of ICT by Adults with Learning Disabilities in Day and Residential Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parsons, Sarah; Daniels, Harry; Porter, Jill; Robertson, Christopher

    2006-01-01

    The use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) by adults with learning disabilities has been positively promoted over the past decade. More recently, policy statements and guidance from the UK government have underlined the importance of ICT for adults with learning disabilities specifically, as well as for the population in general,…

  14. Love and Loving Relationships in People with Learning Disabilities: A Scientific Approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Raquel Morentin; Benito Arias; Cristina Jenaro; J Rodríguez-Mayoral; Michelle McCarthy

    2008-01-01

    Love has been a recurring theme through history and literature, and its relevance to health, well-being and quality of life has been widely acknowledged. However, the scientific study of love has not yet reached people with learning disabilities. The study reported here was based on research with 376 people with learning disabilities in Spain, and aimed to analyse their appraisal

  15. Impact of Chess Training on Mathematics Performance and Concentration Ability of Children with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scholz, Markus; Niesch, Harald; Steffen, Olaf; Ernst, Baerbel; Loeffler, Markus; Witruk, Evelin; Schwarz, Hans

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this study is to evaluate the benefit of chess in mathematics lessons for children with learning disabilities based on lower intelligence (IQ 70-85). School classes of four German schools for children with learning disabilities were randomly assigned to receive one hour of chess lesson instead of one hour of regular mathematics lessons…

  16. A Cognitive Behavioural Intervention for Dental Anxiety for People with Learning Disabilities: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prangnell, Simon J.; Green, Karen

    2008-01-01

    Dental anxiety is a common form of anxiety problem, and research suggests that more people with learning disabilities experience dental anxiety than in the general population. Very little work has been done to investigate effective non-medical approaches for supporting people with a learning disability and dental anxiety to access dental care.…

  17. Addressing Health Inequities: Coronary Heart Disease Training within Learning Disabilities Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holly, Deirdre; Sharp, John

    2014-01-01

    People with learning disabilities are at increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). Research suggests this may be due to inequalities in health status and inequities in the way health services respond to need. Little is known about the most effective way to improve health outcomes for people with learning disabilities. A previously developed…

  18. The learning disabled adolescent: Eriksonian psychosocial development, self-concept, and delinquent behavior

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daniel B. Pickar; Christopher D. Tori

    1986-01-01

    Using a developmental perspective, this study contrasted learning and nonlearning disabled adolescents on three variables: Erikson's stages of psychosocial development, self-concept, and delinquent behavior. It was predicted that learning disabled adolescents would show significantly less resolution of Erikson's fourth state, “industry versus inferiority,” manifest lower overall self-concept, and report more delinquent behavior than their nondisabled peers. The results indicated that

  19. Sally Smith's Arts-Based and Integrated Curricular Approach to Educating Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Durham, Jennifer

    2010-01-01

    Founded in 1967, The Lab School of Washington (LSW) has been educating students with learning disabilities using an arts-based curriculum for over 50 years. Sally Smith originally started the school out of frustration with the inability of traditional educational environments to reach her intelligent, but learning disabled, young son and others…

  20. Evaluation and Effectiveness of Pain Recognition and Management Training for Staff Working in Learning Disability Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mackey, Ellen; Dodd, Karen

    2011-01-01

    Following Beacroft & Dodd's (2009) audit of pain recognition and management within learning disability services in Surrey, it was recommended that learning disability services should receive training in pain recognition and management. Two hundred and seventy-five services were invited to participate, of which 197 services in Surrey accepted and…

  1. Effective Communication Training Interventions for Paid Carers Supporting Adults with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kyle, Seonaid; Melville, Craig A.; Jones, Andrea

    2010-01-01

    Carer communication skills contribute to the well being of individuals with learning disabilities. Few studies have examined the effectiveness of communication training interventions, and there is a lack of robust measures of outcome. A communication self-efficacy measure relevant to carers supporting adults with learning disabilities was…

  2. IMPACT OF CHESS TRAINING ON MATHEMATICS PERFORMANCE AND CONCENTRATION ABILITY OF CHILDREN WITH LEARNING DISABILITIES

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Markus Scholz; Harald Niesch; Olaf Steffen

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this study is to evaluate the benefit of chess in mathematics lessons for children with learning disabilities based on lower intelligence (IQ 70-85). School classes of four German schools for children with learning disabilities were randomly assigned to receive one hour of chess lesson instead of one hour of regular mathematics lessons per week for the duration

  3. The Word Processor as a Tool for the Learning Disabled Student.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Candler, Ann C.; Keefe, Charlotte Hendrick

    The paper reviews the advantages and disadvantages of using word processing programs with learning disabled students, describes some available programs, delineates criteria for selection of word processing programs, and considers expanded uses of word processing with this population. Advantages of word processing programs for learning disabled

  4. The use of imaging to develop reading comprehension amongst learners with a learning disability

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. C. Bouwer; V. Jordaan

    2002-01-01

    When recognition of even a small number of words in written communication is delayed, jumbled or blocked - which frequently happens when individuals are learning disabled - the text becomes fragmented and the message soon disintegrates. Further barriers to comprehending written text arise when the learner with a learning disability comes from a disadvantaged environment. Educators in mainstream schools feel

  5. Setting up and Running a Loss and Bereavement Support Group for Adults with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boyden, Paul; Freeman, Adele; Offen, Liz

    2010-01-01

    Following evidence based literature, the Birmingham Clinical Psychology Service for People with Learning Disabilities ran a Loss and Bereavement Psychotherapy Group. The group consisted of five adults with mild learning disabilities, who met for 8 consecutive weeks. This paper reports the process of setting up a bereavement group for people with…

  6. Exploring the Self-concept of Adults with Mild Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pestana, Claudio

    2015-01-01

    This qualitative study aimed to add to the research on the self-concept of adults with mild learning disabilities and to generate a deeper understanding of their self-perceptions rather than draw generalised quantitative conclusions. Eight adults diagnosed with mild learning disabilities receiving support from a supported living project were…

  7. Recognition, Expression, and Understanding Facial Expressions of Emotion in Adolescents with Nonverbal and General Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bloom, Elana; Heath, Nancy

    2010-01-01

    Children with nonverbal learning disabilities (NVLD) have been found to be worse at recognizing facial expressions than children with verbal learning disabilities (LD) and without LD. However, little research has been done with adolescents. In addition, expressing and understanding facial expressions is yet to be studied among adolescents with LD…

  8. Preparation, Development, and Transition of Learning-Disabled Students for Workforce Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Donna Elizabeth

    2012-01-01

    Preparation, Development, and Transition of Learning-Disabled Students for Workforce Success. Donna Elizabeth Williams, 2011: Applied Dissertation, Nova Southeastern University, Abraham S. Fischler School of Education. ERIC Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Community Based Instruction, Academic Advising, Career Counseling, Career Planning. This…

  9. Strategies for Overcoming Barriers to Training and Education for Canadians with Disabilities. Lessons in Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Canadian Council on Learning, 2009

    2009-01-01

    If stronger skills and more education are key to greater labour force participation, then it is important to identify critical barriers to education and training for Canadians with disabilities. In 2008, the Canadian Council on Learning's Adult Learning Knowledge Centre funded a "Community Outreach Initiative for Learner's with Disabilities" that…

  10. Placement and Achievement of Urban Hispanic Middle Schoolers with Specific Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barrocas, Lisa; Cramer, Elizabeth D.

    2014-01-01

    This study examined achievement gains in reading and math for Hispanic middle school students with specific learning disabilities in inclusive versus segregated settings in a large urban school district. The authors report learning gains for students with and without disabilities in inclusive versus segregated settings. Results indicate no…

  11. Beyond Instruction; Beyond a Website: Distance Learning, Disability Inclusiveness and Changing Workplace Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rudstam, Hannah; Gower, Wendy Strobel

    2012-01-01

    Often, the aim of distance learning (DL) is to enhance individual learning, not to change workplace practices. Changing organizational policies, practices and behaviors related to disability calls for a different DL approach that engages users and contextualizes knowledge. In the disability arena, there is a need for programming that brings about…

  12. Memory in Learning Disabled Children: Strategy Use, Self-Monitoring, and Metamemory.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moely, Barbara E.; And Others

    The present study attempted to identify factors associated with memory deficits in 36 learning disabled and 36 normal children in grades 3 and 5. Ss were given free and serial recall tasks and interviewed about their understanding of memory processes. Deficits in the recall of the learning disabled children were found, as expected. Examination of…

  13. Vocational Rehabilitation and Special Education: Partners in Transition for Individuals with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dowdy, Carol A.

    1996-01-01

    This article describes the purpose of vocational rehabilitation and the service delivery process for individuals with learning disabilities in transition from school to work or postsecondary education settings. Suggestions are made to prepare families and students with learning disabilities, vocational rehabilitation counselors, and special…

  14. The Impact of Cognitive Assessment on the Identity of People with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davidson, Terence; Smith, Hilary; Burns, Jan

    2014-01-01

    Researchers and clinicians have hypothesised that cognitive assessments have the power to influence the self-identity of people with learning disabilities. This research aimed to explore the experience of a sample of people who had been given a cognitive assessment by a psychologist based in a team for people with learning disabilities. Five…

  15. Loaded Pistols: The Interplay of Social Intervention and Anti-Aesthetic Tradition in Learning Disabled Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Calvert, Dave

    2010-01-01

    This article considers the aesthetics of applied performance with people with learning disabilities. Focusing on the integrated punk band Heavy Load, it explores how the aesthetic structure reconstructs notions of learning disability and intervenes in its social experience. It argues that this is facilitated through the punk form which positions…

  16. Issues in the definition and diagnosis of learning disabilities: a perspective on Guckenberger v. Boston University.

    PubMed

    Siegel, L S

    1999-01-01

    This article reviews issues related to the definition of learning disabilities in the context of the Guckenberger v. Boston University case. Four major questions are addressed: (a) Who is learning disabled? (b) How should learning disabilities be assessed? (c) Who is qualified to make a decision about whether or not an individual has a learning disability? and (d) What accommodations should be provided by a postsecondary institution and how should they be selected? Although these are complicated and difficult questions, it is possible to develop a simple, reasonable classification system for learning disabilities, and to conduct assessments based on a coherent and relevant set of achievement tests in which individuals who score below a cutoff are considered learning disabled. Scores on IQ tests are irrelevant and not useful and may even be discriminatory. The issues of decision making regarding learning disabilities and appropriate accommodations remain significant dilemmas for the field; resolution of these issues seems virtually impossible without agreement on appropriate procedures for the definition, identification, and assessment of learning disabilities. PMID:15508472

  17. Cooperation and Accommodation Strategies for Learning-Disabled Students in Team-Based Courses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Treise, Debbie; Wagner, Elaine

    2002-01-01

    Explores how university disability professionals can assist advertising or public relations campaigns teachers in accommodating the Learning Disabled (LD) student in the team or group-based learning situation to foster a cooperative environment among students and faculty. Attempts to open the discussion about what faculty should consider when…

  18. Increasing Metacomprehension in Learning Disabled and Normally Achieving Students through Self-Questioning Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wong, Bernice Y. L.; Jones, Wayne

    1982-01-01

    Training to self-monitor reading comprehension was undertaken with 120 learning disabled eighth and ninth graders and normally achieving sixth graders. It was hypothesized that insufficient metacomprehension is one possible cause underlying learning disabled adolescents' comprehension problems. (Author/SEW)

  19. A New Approach for the Quantitative Evaluation of Drawings in Children with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Galli, Manuela; Vimercati, Sara Laura; Stella, Giacomo; Caiazzo, Giorgia; Norveti, Federica; Onnis, Francesca; Rigoldi, Chiara; Albertini, Giorgio

    2011-01-01

    A new method for a quantitative and objective description of drawing and for the quantification of drawing ability in children with learning disabilities (LD) is hereby presented. Twenty-four normally developing children (N) (age 10.6 [plus or minus] 0.5) and 18 children with learning disabilities (LD) (age 10.3 [plus or minus] 2.4) took part to…

  20. The Presence of Learning Disabled Youth in Our Juvenile Institutions: Excusable or Gross Negligence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Inesia-Forde, Angelina

    2005-01-01

    One of the most significant problems in the area of learning disabilities and delinquency is failure in recognizing the characteristics of the LD (Learning Disabled) by the juvenile justice system. Therefore, a number of useful techniques, skills, and strategies are provided to help court officers, educators, mental health professionals, and…

  1. In Business: Developing the Self Employment Option for People with Learning Disabilities. Programme Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bates, Keith

    2009-01-01

    People with learning disabilities have talents and skills, but rarely do they get the chance to start their own business. In Business was designed to challenge this and to make self employment a realistic option for some by setting out to support and capture the journey to business for people with a learning disability and those who support them.…

  2. Symbols Can Improve the Reading Comprehension of Adults with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, F. W.; Long, K.; Finlay, W. M. L.

    2007-01-01

    Background: This study aimed to test the hypothesis that adding symbols to written text can improve its comprehensibility for adults with learning disabilities. Methods: Nineteen adults with mild or borderline learning disabilities attempted to read four short passages of text, two of which had Widgit Rebus symbols added to them. Following each…

  3. Exposure Therapy for Fear of Spiders in an Adult with Learning Disabilities: A Case Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cowdrey, Felicity A.; Walz, Linda

    2015-01-01

    The evidence-base for exposure therapy in people with learning disabilities experiencing specific phobias is sparse. This case study describes the assessment, formulation and treatment of spider phobia in a woman with learning disabilities using an exposure-based intervention augmented with mindfulness practice and bereavement work. To evaluate…

  4. Bullying and middle school students with and without specific learning disabilities: an examination of social-ecological predictors.

    PubMed

    Rose, Chad Allen; Espelage, Dorothy L; Monda-Amaya, Lisa E; Shogren, Karrie A; Aragon, Steven R

    2015-05-01

    The current study investigated demographic variables, sense of belonging, and social supports as predictors for involvement in bullying for students with specific learning disabilities (SLD) and students without disabilities. Although these student groups are characteristically different, results suggested involvement in bullying was invariant. However, gender, race, grade point average, and participation in extracurricular activities emerged as significant predictors for involvement in the bullying dynamic. In addition, increased peer social support was found to be the most significant predictor of decreased bullying, victimization, fighting, and anger for both students with SLD and students without disabilities. Educational implications include the suggestion that schools adopt multitiered antibullying programs that foster increased social supports and peer acceptance and incorporate targeted interventions for at-risk subpopulations of students. PMID:23886583

  5. Epilepsy and Learning Disabilities: Part 1--Diagnosing and Solving School Learning Disabilities in Epilepsy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mittan, Robert J.

    2010-01-01

    This is a six part article intended to give parents the information and strategies they need to cope with their child with epilepsy who may have school learning problems. Epilepsy and seizures affect the classroom in unique ways that can make the learning experience especially challenging for some kids. Fortunately, much can be done to give the…

  6. Hobson's choice: reproductive choices for women with learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Keywood, K

    1998-01-01

    This paper examines the present law in England and Wales concerning the sterilisation of women who are unable to give valid consent to medical treatment. In particular, it considers why sterilisation is frequently presented as the only meaningful reproductive choice that can be made by or on behalf of women with learning disabilities. In addition, the paper assesses the extent to which the best interests test, as formulated by the English courts, has been successful in the promotion of dignity and autonomy of women with learning disabilities. It is submitted that some of the issues presented to the courts have not received adequate consideration and others have been considered which are not relevant to the determination of the best interests of these patients. Furthermore, the best interests of the adult patient are determined by reference to the 'Bolam' test. This paper questions whether the Bolam test is the appropriate mechanism for determining the patient's best interests, having particular regard to the Australian model of decision-making for the intellectually impaired. PMID:9757730

  7. Neurobiological Underpinnings of Math and Reading Learning Disabilities

    PubMed Central

    Ashkenazi, Sarit; Black, Jessica M.; Abrams, Daniel A.; Hoeft, Fumiko; Menon, Vinod

    2013-01-01

    The primary goal of this review is to highlight current research and theories describing the neurobiological basis of math (MD), reading (RD), and comorbid math and reading disability (MD+RD). We first describe the unique brain and cognitive processes involved in acquisition of math and reading skills, emphasizing similarities and differences in each domain. Next we review functional imaging studies of MD and RD in children, integrating relevant theories from experimental psychology and cognitive neuroscience to characterize the functional neuroanatomy of cognitive dysfunction in MD and RD. We then review recent research on the anatomical correlates of MD and RD. Converging evidence from morphometry and tractography studies are presented to highlight distinct patterns of white matter pathways which are disrupted in MD and RD. Finally, we examine how the intersection of MD and RD provides a unique opportunity to clarify the unique and shared brain systems which adversely impact learning and skill acquisition in MD and RD, and point out important areas for future work on comorbid learning disabilities. PMID:23572008

  8. Neurobiological underpinnings of math and reading learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Ashkenazi, Sarit; Black, Jessica M; Abrams, Daniel A; Hoeft, Fumiko; Menon, Vinod

    2013-01-01

    The primary goal of this review is to highlight current research and theories describing the neurobiological basis of math (MD), reading (RD), and comorbid math and reading disability (MD+RD). We first describe the unique brain and cognitive processes involved in acquisition of math and reading skills, emphasizing similarities and differences in each domain. Next we review functional imaging studies of MD and RD in children, integrating relevant theories from experimental psychology and cognitive neuroscience to characterize the functional neuroanatomy of cognitive dysfunction in MD and RD. We then review recent research on the anatomical correlates of MD and RD. Converging evidence from morphometry and tractography studies are presented to highlight distinct patterns of white matter pathways which are disrupted in MD and RD. Finally, we examine how the intersection of MD and RD provides a unique opportunity to clarify the unique and shared brain systems which adversely impact learning and skill acquisition in MD and RD, and point out important areas for future work on comorbid learning disabilities. PMID:23572008

  9. Screening for learning disabilities in young adult career counseling.

    PubMed

    Kasler, Jon; Fawcett, Angela

    2009-01-01

    The Strengths and Weaknesses Academic Profile (SWAP) was constructed in Israel in response to the local need of career counselors for a valid, reliable, comprehensive, parsimonious, and computerized screening device for identifying those likely to be at risk of learning disabilities (LD). The method chosen was self-report. A set of cognitive items was written and divided into seven scales: reading, writing, attention and memory, computation, English as a foreign language (EFL), study skills, and self-image. The screening tool was validated on a research sample in Sheffield, UK, based on comparison of the results obtained from the screening with the results of standardized diagnosis of learning disabilities administered to the respondents. The questionnaire was administered to 39 students, half of them diagnosed for dyslexia and half tested and found to be free of dyslexia. Results indicate that SWAP is a reliable and valid questionnaire, with a classification power of approximately 90%. The questionnaire is now widely used in Israel, where an Internet site has been constructed to administer the questionnaire and provide immediate and direct results. PMID:19289873

  10. Knowledge before School-Age, Is Power during School-Age: A Study of Urban Preschool and the Learning Disabled

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Tylia

    2013-01-01

    The primary purpose of this study was to determine if urban preschool decreased the likelihood of future identification of learning disabled (LD). According to the Child Development Institute (2010) and the Learning Disabilities Association of America (2010), four to ten percent of the school-aged students in this country are learning disabled.…

  11. Thinking Ahead: Improving Support for People with Learning Disabilities and Their Families to Plan for the Future

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Towers, Christine

    2013-01-01

    The increasing life expectancy of people with learning disabilities makes it imperative that families plan for the future. The number of people with learning disabilities over the age of 65 is predicted to double over the next two decades. The greatest increase in life expectancy will be amongst people with mild learning disabilities who will have…

  12. "I Feel Pain"--Audit of Communication Skills and Understanding of Pain and Health Needs with People with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beacroft, Monica; Dodd, Karen

    2011-01-01

    An audit was conducted across Surrey to investigate pain recognition and management with people with learning disabilities. This section of the audit looked at what people with learning disabilities understood and experienced when they had pain compared to good practice from the literature. The results show that people with learning disabilities

  13. The effects of the Natural Approach on English oral communication skills in third-grade learning-disabled students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maria Alejandra Reyes-Bonilla

    1991-01-01

    This study sought to determine the instructional effects of the Natural Approach on the English oral communication skills of third-grade learning disabled students. Subjects included 20 learning disabled students in a self-contained class who received the Natural Approach (NAT) as an experimental group. The control group consisted of 20 learning disabled mainstreamed students who received the English through Audiolingual Approach

  14. Screening for Diabetic Retinopathy in Adults with Learning Disability: Current Uptake and Adjustments to Facilitate Equality of Access

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pilling, Rachel F.

    2015-01-01

    Equality of access to health care for adults with learning disability has been in the spotlight in the UK in recent years due to publication of several reports. Adults with learning disability are thought to account for a significant proportion of the diabetic population in the UK. A list of adults known to the learning disability health…

  15. Technology and Communications Coursework: Facilitating the Progression of Students with Learning Disabilities through High School Science and Math Coursework

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shifrer, Dara; Callahan, Rebecca

    2010-01-01

    Students identified with learning disabilities experience markedly lower levels of science and mathematics achievement than students who are not identified with a learning disability. Seemingly compounding their disadvantage, students with learning disabilities also complete more credits in non-core coursework--traditionally considered nonacademic…

  16. Information Technology and the Workplace: Implications for Persons with Disabilities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Susanne M Bruyere; William Erickson; Sara VanLooy

    2005-01-01

    The Internet improves access to employment and community for many people. However, there is growing concern that many Web sites are inaccessible to people with certain disabilities. This article examines the impact on people with disabilities of online human resources processes used for employee recruitment, benefits, and training. In 2002, Cornell University staff reviewed the accessibility of 10 Job boards

  17. Multiculturalism, Religion, and Disability: Implications for Special Education Practitioners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blanks, A. Brooke; Smith, J. David

    2009-01-01

    Religious beliefs permeate many aspects of culture. Often, however, educators are reluctant to discuss religious beliefs when working with children with developmental and intellectual disabilities and their families. Ignoring the salience of religious teachings about the nature and meaning of disabilities as they relate to both individuals and…

  18. Research Collaboration With Learning-Disabled Students: Strategies for Succesful Student-Faculty Partnerships

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Laura Muller

    2006-11-01

    The process of a successful undergraduate student-faculty research collaboration involving a student with documented learning disabilities is detailed. As the student developed research skills, she also learned how to develop her own learning strategies. At the same time, the faculty member learned strategies adaptable to all student-faculty research collaborations.

  19. Coping Strategies of Four Successful Learning Disabled College Students: A Case Study Approach. College Reading and Learning Assistance Technical Report 86-08.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brozo, William G.; Curtis, Carol L.

    To determine how some learning disabled students manage to achieve success in college, a study investigated the extent to which successful learning disabled college students demonstrate characteristics often attributed to learning disabled students in general: inactive learners who fail to use efficient, organized strategies and who lack…

  20. National Institute for Learning Development (NILD) Therapy Intervention Impact on Reading Comprehension in Middle Elementary vs. Middle School Age Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Entzminger, Lori Bryson

    2013-01-01

    Historically, theories pertaining to learning disabilities, and the programs and techniques developed to attempt to help children with learning disabilities, have centered on children ages seven and younger. There has been very little treatment for, or even written about, learning disabilities in children through and beyond the age of eight.…

  1. Cultural Beliefs regarding People with Disabilities in Namibia: Implications for the Inclusion of People with Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haihambo, Cynthy; Lightfoot, Elizabeth

    2010-01-01

    Namibia is a southern African country with national level policies promoting community inclusion and inclusive education. Despite these policies, people with disabilities are often excluded from schools and community life. This study explores the nuanced cultural beliefs about the causes of disability in Namibia, and the impacts of such beliefs on…

  2. Route learning and shortcut performance in adults with intellectual disability: a study with virtual environments.

    PubMed

    Mengue-Topio, Hursula; Courbois, Yannick; Farran, Emily K; Sockeel, Pascal

    2011-01-01

    The ability to learn routes though a virtual environment (VE) and to make a novel shortcut between two locations was assessed in 18 adults with intellectual disability and 18 adults without intellectual disability matched on chronological age. Participants explored two routes (A ? B and A ? C) until they reached a learning criterion. Then, they were placed at B and were asked to find the shortest way to C (B ? C, five trials). Participants in both groups could learn the routes, but most of the participants with intellectual disability could not find the shortest route between B and C. However, the results also revealed important individual differences within the intellectual disability group, with some participants exhibiting more efficient wayfinding behaviour than others. Individuals with intellectual disability may differ in the kind of spatial knowledge they extract from the environment and/or in the strategy they use to learn routes. PMID:21084172

  3. The Implications of Learning English on

    E-print Network

    New Hampshire, University of

    to [my parents]. They were my family, the only people I could talk to." - José #12;Changes in Family, versus like the other way around." - Pedro #12;Translating for Family Members "Whenever [my parents] getThe Implications of Learning English on Family Dynamics among Hispanic Immigrants Karin Hakala

  4. [Specific learning disabilities - from DSM-IV to DSM-5].

    PubMed

    Schulte-Körne, Gerd

    2014-09-01

    The publication of the DSM-5 means changes in the classification and recommendations for diagnosis of specific learning disabilities. Dyslexia and dyscalculia have been reintroduced into the DSM. Three specific learning disorders - impairment in reading, impairment in the written expression, and impairment in mathematics, described by subskills - are now part of the DSM-5. Three subcomponents of the reading disorder are expressly differentiated: word reading accuracy, reading rate, and fluency and reading comprehension. Impaired subskills of the specific learning disorder with impairment in written expression are spelling accuracy, grammar and punctuation accuracy, and clarity and organization of written expression. Four subskills are found in the mathematics disorder: number sense, memorization of arithmetic facts, accurate or fluent calculation, and accurate math reasoning. Each impaired academic domain and subskill should be recorded. A description of the severity degree was also included. The diagnosis is based on a variety of methods, including medical history, clinical interview, school report, teacher evaluation, rating scales, and psychometric tests. The IQ discrepancy criterion was abandoned, though that of age or class discrepancy criterion was retained. The application of a discrepancy is recommended by 1 to 2.5 SD. All three specific developmental disorders are common (prevalence 5 %-15 %), occur early during the first years of formal schooling, and persist into adulthood. PMID:25163999

  5. Neurocognitive profiles of learning disabled children with neurofibromatosis type 1.

    PubMed

    Orraca-Castillo, Miladys; Estévez-Pérez, Nancy; Reigosa-Crespo, Vivian

    2014-01-01

    Neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) is a genetic condition generally associated with intellectual deficiency and learning disabilities. Although there have been groundbreaking advances in the understanding of the molecular, cellular, and neural systems underlying learning deficits associated to NF1 in animal models, much remains to be learned about the spectrum of neurocognitive phenotype associated with the NF1 clinical syndrome. In the present study, 32 children with NF1 ranging from 7 to 14 years were evaluated with neurocognitive tests dedicated to assess basic capacities which are involved in reading and mathematical achievement. Deficits in lexical and phonological strategies and poor number facts retrieval were found underlying reading and arithmetic disorders, respectively. Additionally, efficiencies in lexical/phonological strategies and mental arithmetic were significant predictors of individual differences in reading attainment and math. However, deficits in core numeric capacities were not found in the sample, suggesting that it is not responsible for calculation dysfluency. The estimated prevalence of Developmental Dyscalculia was 18.8%, and the male:female ratio was 5:1. On the other hand, the prevalence of Developmental Dyslexia was almost 3 times as high (50%), and no gender differences were found (male: female ratio = 1:1). This study offers new evidence to the neurocognitive phenotype of NF1 contributing to an in depth understanding of this condition, but also to possible treatments for the cognitive deficits associated with NF1. PMID:24936179

  6. Neurocognitive profiles of learning disabled children with neurofibromatosis type 1

    PubMed Central

    Orraca-Castillo, Miladys; Estévez-Pérez, Nancy; Reigosa-Crespo, Vivian

    2014-01-01

    Neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) is a genetic condition generally associated with intellectual deficiency and learning disabilities. Although there have been groundbreaking advances in the understanding of the molecular, cellular, and neural systems underlying learning deficits associated to NF1 in animal models, much remains to be learned about the spectrum of neurocognitive phenotype associated with the NF1 clinical syndrome. In the present study, 32 children with NF1 ranging from 7 to 14 years were evaluated with neurocognitive tests dedicated to assess basic capacities which are involved in reading and mathematical achievement. Deficits in lexical and phonological strategies and poor number facts retrieval were found underlying reading and arithmetic disorders, respectively. Additionally, efficiencies in lexical/phonological strategies and mental arithmetic were significant predictors of individual differences in reading attainment and math. However, deficits in core numeric capacities were not found in the sample, suggesting that it is not responsible for calculation dysfluency. The estimated prevalence of Developmental Dyscalculia was 18.8%, and the male:female ratio was 5:1. On the other hand, the prevalence of Developmental Dyslexia was almost 3 times as high (50%), and no gender differences were found (male: female ratio = 1:1). This study offers new evidence to the neurocognitive phenotype of NF1 contributing to an in depth understanding of this condition, but also to possible treatments for the cognitive deficits associated with NF1. PMID:24936179

  7. Computational skills, working memory, and conceptual knowledge in older children with mathematics learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Mabbott, Donald J; Bisanz, Jeffrey

    2008-01-01

    Knowledge and skill in multiplication were investigated for late elementary-grade students with mathematics learning disabilities (MLD), typically achieving age-matched peers, low-achieving age-matched peers, and ability-matched peers by examining multiple measures of computational skill, working memory, and conceptual knowledge. Poor multiplication fact mastery and calculation fluency and general working memory discriminated children with MLD from typically achieving age-matched peers. Furthermore, children with MLD were slower in executing backup procedures than typically achieving age-matched peers. The performance of children with MLD on multiple measures of multiplication skill and knowledge was most similar to that of ability-matched younger children. MLD may be due to difficulties in computational skills and working memory. Implications for the diagnosis and remediation of MLD are discussed. PMID:18274501

  8. An evolutionary perspective on learning disability in mathematics.

    PubMed

    Geary, David C

    2007-01-01

    A distinction between potentially evolved, or biologically-primary forms of cognition, and the culturally-specific, or biologically-secondary forms of cognition that are built from primary systems is used to explore mathematical learning disability (MLD). Using this model, MLD could result from deficits in the brain and cognitive systems that support biologically-primary mathematical competencies, or from the brain and cognitive systems that support the modification of primary systems for the creation of secondary knowledge and secondary cognitive competencies. The former include visuospatial long-term and working memory and the intraparietal sulcus, whereas the latter include the central executive component of working memory and the anterior cingulate cortex and lateral prefrontal cortex. Different forms of MLD are discussed as related to each of the cognitive and brain systems. PMID:17650991

  9. Culturally responsive instruction for english language learners with learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Orosco, Michael John; O'Connor, Rollanda

    2014-01-01

    This case study describes the culturally responsive instruction of one special education teacher with Latino English language learners (ELLs) with learning disabilities in an urban elementary school setting. This study was situated in a social constructivist research based framework. In investigating this instruction with ELLs, this study focused on how one teacher's knowledge of culturally responsive pedagogy affected her special education instruction. Findings resulted in three major themes that were aligned with the current literature in this area: Cultural Aspects of Teaching Reading, Culturally Relevant Skills-Based Instruction, and Collaborative Agency Time. The results indicated that the success of special education with ELLs at the elementary education level might be dependent on how well the special education teacher integrates culturally responsive instruction with ELLs' cultural and linguistic needs. PMID:23407658

  10. PROMOTING CRITICAL THINKING AMONG "LEARNING-DISABLED " STUDENTS University

    E-print Network

    Michelle Commeyras; P. David Pearson; Robert H. Ennis; Georgia Garcia; Richard C. Anderson; Michelle Commeyras; P. David Pearson; Robert H. Ennis; Georgia Garcia; Richard C. Anderson; James Armstrong; Diana Beck; Stacy Birch; Diane Bottomley; Clark A. Chinn; Judith Davidson; Irene-anna N. Diakidoy; Colleen P. Gilrane; Barbara J. Hancin-bhatt; Richard Henne; Carole Janisch; Bonnie M. Kerr; Raymond Langley; Jane Montes

    1992-01-01

    A study investigated whether reading instruction that emphasizes critical thinking would benefit "learning-disabled " fifth-grade students. Seven students were assigned to an instructional group that participated in a program of 10 dialogical-thinking reading lessons and seven were assigned to a comparison group that remained with the classroom teacher and completed regular classroom assignments. The instructional group was involved in reading a story and discussing a central issue. Students were asked to consider two alternative conclusions regarding the central issue and then asked (a) to identify reasons to support each hypothesis, and (b) to evaluate the truth and relevance of each reason. Two reading comprehension tests and one critical-thinking test were administered to both groups. In addition, each group participated in a base-line and post-dialogical-thinking reading lesson.

  11. Teaching multiplication facts to students with learning disabilities.

    PubMed Central

    Wood, D K; Frank, A R; Wacker, D P

    1998-01-01

    Multiple baseline designs were used to examine the effects of an instructional package on accuracy of performance in solving multiplication facts by 3 students with learning disabilities. The instructional package included the following components: (a) a modified instructional sequence in which multiplication facts were grouped into the zeros, ones, doubles, fives, and nines categories, and those remaining; (b) identification of the category in which each fact belonged; (c) mnemonic strategies associated with solving facts in each category; and (d) steps to be completed for solving facts in each category. Results indicated that the instructional package produced substantial and immediate effects. After receiving instruction, a participant's accuracy was often 100%, and this was maintained throughout the evaluation even as other strategies were introduced. Comparable results occurred across students, demonstrating replication of the effects of the instructional package. PMID:9757578

  12. Age and Disability Employment Discrimination: Occupational Rehabilitation Implications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Melissa J. Bjelland; Susanne M. Bruyère; Sarah von Schrader; Andrew J. Houtenville; Antonio Ruiz-Quintanilla; Douglas A. Webber

    2010-01-01

    Introduction As concerns grow that a thinning labor force due to retirement will lead to worker shortages, it becomes critical to support\\u000a positive employment outcomes of groups who have been underutilized, specifically older workers and workers with disabilities.\\u000a Better understanding perceived age and disability discrimination and their intersection can help rehabilitation specialists\\u000a and employers address challenges expected as a result

  13. Problem Order Implications for Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li, Nan; Cohen, William W.; Koedinger, Kenneth R.

    2013-01-01

    The order of problems presented to students is an important variable that affects learning effectiveness. Previous studies have shown that solving problems in a blocked order, in which all problems of one type are completed before the student is switched to the next problem type, results in less effective performance than does solving the problems…

  14. Lifelong Learning: Implications for Institutions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jongbloed, Ben

    2002-01-01

    Explores how higher education can respond to the trend toward lifelong learning with a business concept based on the idea of creating value through enhancing differentiation and moving as much as possible to a student-centered model. Asserts that this may lead some universities to become dual-sector institutions, containing both higher education…

  15. The relationship between gross motor skills and academic achievement in children with learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Westendorp, Marieke; Hartman, Esther; Houwen, Suzanne; Smith, Joanne; Visscher, Chris

    2011-01-01

    The present study compared the gross motor skills of 7- to 12-year-old children with learning disabilities (n = 104) with those of age-matched typically developing children (n = 104) using the Test of Gross Motor Development-2. Additionally, the specific relationships between subsets of gross motor skills and academic performance in reading, spelling, and mathematics were examined in children with learning disabilities. As expected, the children with learning disabilities scored poorer on both the locomotor and object-control subtests than their typically developing peers. Furthermore, in children with learning disabilities a specific relationship was observed between reading and locomotor skills and a trend was found for a relationship between mathematics and object-control skills: the larger children's learning lag, the poorer their motor skill scores. This study stresses the importance of specific interventions facilitating both motor and academic abilities. PMID:21700421

  16. Intimate Partner Violence Against Women with Disabilities: Implications for Disability Service System Case Management Practice

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Elspeth Slayter

    2009-01-01

    Violence against women is a top human rights issue for women with disabilities, a population that is more at risk for intimate partner violence (IPV). Existing research on violence against women with disabilities has pointed to the need for population-based sampling, the inclusion of women of non-White descent, and the use of literature-based definitions of IPV, conditions all met by

  17. Obesity in Older Adults: Epidemiology and Implications for Disability and Disease

    PubMed Central

    Samper-Ternent, Rafael; Al Snih, Soham

    2012-01-01

    Summary Obesity is a worldwide problem with increasing prevalence and incidence in both developed and developing countries. In older adults, excess weight is associated with a higher prevalence of cardiovascular disease, metabolic disease, several important cancers, and numerous other medical conditions. Obesity has been also associated with increased functional limitations, disability, and poorer quality of life. Additionally, obesity has been independently associated with all-cause mortality. The obesity epidemic has important social and economic implications, representing an important source of increased public health care costs. The aim of this review is to report the epidemiology of obesity world-wide and the implications of obesity on disability and chronic diseases. PMID:22345902

  18. Effects of Cooperative Learning on the Academic Achievement of Students with Learning Disabilities: An Update of Tateyama-Sniezek's Review.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McMaster, Kristen Nyman; Fuchs, Douglas

    2002-01-01

    This article reviews 15 research studies published from 1990 to 2000 examining effects of cooperative learning strategies on the academic achievement of students with learning disabilities. Despite design problems, the review finds that cooperative learning strategies that incorporate individual accountability and group rewards are likely to…

  19. Learning Technologies Management System (LiTMS): A Multidimensional Service Delivery Model for College Students with Learning Disabilities and ADHD

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parker, David R.; White, Cheri E.; Collins, Laura; Banerjee, Manju; McGuire, Joan M.

    2009-01-01

    Today's college students are expected to utilize a variety of learning technologies to succeed in higher education. Students with learning disabilities (LD) and/or Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorders (ADHD) can encounter barriers to equal access and effective learning in this new digital environment, including the development of proficiency…

  20. Persons with Learning Disabilities in the Workplace: What We Know So Far in the Americans with Disabilities Act Era.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gerber, Paul J.; Price, Lynda A.

    2003-01-01

    This paper synthesizes empirical studies from the past 12 years concerning the realities of the workplace for adults with learning disabilities (LD). Employer perspectives address awareness and knowledge, productivity, training, self-advocacy, and reasonable accommodations. Employee perspectives cover advocacy, disclosure, self-knowledge, and…

  1. Important Implications for Psychologists of the Americans With Disabilities Act: Case in Point, the Patient Who Is Deaf

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lawrence J. Raifman; McCay Vernon

    1996-01-01

    Increased implementation of the Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA), which empowered persons who have disabilities, has begun in earnest with recent federal court action. Three legal opinions have far-reaching implications for psychologists whose practices include disabled clients. These implications are especially true for those psychologists who are most likely to work at least occasionally with deaf, hard-of-hearing, or

  2. Yes You Can! A Booklet to Help Young People with Learning Disabilities Understand and Help Themselves. Revised Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    East, Joanne

    Intended for students with learning problems, this booklet is designed to help the student deal with his/her learning disability. Presented in simple language and cartoon-like illustrations, this publication addresses the causes of and misconceptions about learning problems, how it feels to have a learning disability, what can be done, and where…

  3. Access to Mainstream Health Services: A Case Study of the Difficulties Faced by a Child with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Freddy Jackson; Cooper, Kate; Diebel, Tara

    2013-01-01

    People with learning disabilities have higher levels of health needs compared with the general population (Nocon, 2006, Background evidence for the DRC's formal investigation into health inequalities experienced by people with learning disabilities or mental health problems. London and Manchester, Disability Rights Commission). Research has shown…

  4. "My Success as a Teacher Amazes Me Each and Every Day"--Perspectives of Teachers with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vogel, Gila; Sharoni, Varda

    2011-01-01

    The employment of teachers with learning disabilities has been an issue debated in many countries as well as within the Israeli educational establishment. Structured interviews were conducted with 12 Israeli teachers with learning disabilities in order to understand how these teachers perceive their disability and its impact on them as children,…

  5. Effects of multimedia vocabulary instruction on adolescents with learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Kennedy, Michael J; Deshler, Donald D; Lloyd, John Wills

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this experimental study is to investigate the effects of using content acquisition podcasts (CAPs), an example of instructional technology, to provide vocabulary instruction to adolescents with and without learning disabilities (LD). A total of 279 urban high school students, including 30 with LD in an area related to reading, were randomly assigned to one of four experimental conditions with instruction occurring at individual computer terminals over a 3-week period. Each of the four conditions contained different configurations of multimedia-based instruction and evidence-based vocabulary instruction. Dependent measures of vocabulary knowledge indicated that students with LD who received vocabulary instruction using CAPs through an explicit instructional methodology and the keyword mnemonic strategy significantly outperformed other students with LD who were taught using the same content, but with multimedia instruction that did not adhere to a specific theoretical design framework. Results for general education students mirrored those for students with LD. Students also completed a satisfaction measure following instruction with multimedia and expressed overall agreement that CAPs are useful for learning vocabulary terms. PMID:23649222

  6. Orthographic Learning and the Role of Text-to-Speech Software in Dutch Disabled Readers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Staels, Eva; Van den Broeck, Wim

    2015-01-01

    In this study, we examined whether orthographic learning can be demonstrated in disabled readers learning to read in a transparent orthography (Dutch). In addition, we tested the effect of the use of text-to-speech software, a new form of direct instruction, on orthographic learning. Both research goals were investigated by replicating…

  7. Working Memory in Children with Learning Disabilities: Rethinking the Criterion of Discrepancy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maehler, Claudia; Schuchardt, Kirsten

    2011-01-01

    The criterion of discrepancy is used to distinguish children with learning disorders from children with intellectual disabilities. The justification of the criterion of discrepancy for the diagnosis of learning disorders relies on the conviction of fundamental differences between children with learning difficulties with versus without discrepancy…

  8. Building the Bridge between Community College and Work for Students with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stern, Deborah

    This paper presents information to assist students with learning disabilities (LD), counselors, and employers in building a bridge between community college and employment. It argues that students must learn to articulate how their LD affects them in a variety of situations, especially those requiring learning and performing work related tasks.…

  9. A Systematic Review of Function-Based Interventions for Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKenna, John William; Flower, Andrea; Kyung Kim, Min; Ciullo, Stephen; Haring, Christa

    2015-01-01

    Students with learning disabilities (LD) experience pervasive academic deficits requiring extensive academic intervention; however, they may also engage in problem behaviors that adversely affect teaching and learning, thus lessening the potential impact of specialized instruction and supports. The learning deficits of students with LD are…

  10. THE ROLE OF DRUGS IN THE TREATMENT OF LEARNING DISABILITY IN CHILDHOOD.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    KRAMER, ROBERT A.

    THIS PAPER ATTEMPTS TO REVIEW THE STATUS OF DRUGS IN THE AREA OF LEARNING DISABILITY. THE PEDIATRICIAN'S TRAINING MUST INCLUDE EXPOSURE TO PRACTICAL AND THEORETICAL PROBLEMS OF LEARNING. OF INTEREST TO THE PEDIATRICIAN IS THE USE OF DRUGS WHICH MODIFY LEARNING RESPONSES. THESE DRUGS ARE CLASSIFIED AS GENERAL STIMULANTS, SPECIFIC STIMULANTS,…

  11. Prototypes for Teaching Word Meaning Skills--Synonyms--to Learning Disabled Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waites, Jeremiah W.

    Evaluated in four studies comparing the learning of synonyms by learning disabled (LD) or normal children were the effects of four treatments: varying amounts of material to be learned, varying amounts of practice, varying stimulus familiarization, and varying association value. Results were inconclusive regarding optimal amount of material to be…

  12. Research and Global Perspectives in Learning Disabilities: Essays in Honor of William M. Cruickshank. The LEA Series on Special Education and Disability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hallahan, Daniel P., Ed.; Keogh, Barbara K., Ed.

    To honor the founder of the International Academy for Research in Learning Disabilities, William M. Cruickshank, this collection of essays reflects a range of perspectives on the "state of the art" in learning disabilities, documenting both commonalties and differences across countries. After an introduction, essays include: (1) "The Lives and…

  13. Adults with Learning Disabilities in the Workforce: Lessons for Secondary Transition Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Madaus, Joseph W.; Gerber, Paul J.; Price, Lynda A.

    2008-01-01

    Now almost 15 years after the implementation of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) data are emerging in the literature related to job entry and employment outcomes of adults with learning disabilities (LD). Although these data are derived from varying methodologies, they converge in three critical areas: Knowledge of the ADA, realities of…

  14. Legal Eligibility of Students with Learning Disabilities: Consider Not Only RTI but Also [section] 504

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zirkel, Perry A.

    2009-01-01

    The modern history of the legal protections for students with learning disabilities in K-12 education focuses on the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), which is funding legislation with detailed accompanying regulations that, respectively, are periodically revised as part of the reauthorization process. In contrast, Section 504 of…

  15. Dimensional Integration of Assessment Outcomes with Intervention Services for Children with Specific Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Decker, Scott

    2012-01-01

    This article reviews critical issues with integrating different procedures for identifying children with specific learning disabilities permitted in the federal regulations of the 2004 Individual With Disabilities Education Act 2004. Theoretical differences between behavioral approaches that focus on recording behavioral responses based on…

  16. Ambiguity and Alignment in Academic Policies: Course Substitutions, Learning Disabilities, and Universal Design

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Galilee-Belfer, Mika

    2012-01-01

    While research on barriers to full participation for those with learning and other disabilities has focused largely on structural and institutional obstacles to work and education (Swain, French, & Cameron, 2005; Jones, 1996; Watson, 2002), the recognition of disability as a social justice issue is gaining currency (Kraus, 2008). Expensive,…

  17. The Experiences of Parents with Adolescents Identified as Having a Specific Learning Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seals, Linda J.

    2010-01-01

    Of the 6.6 million children in the United States who were deemed in 2008 to have a disability that required special instruction, over 39% were classified as specific learning disabled (SLD). This figure translates into a high number of people who are parenting a child identified as having a SLD. Bronfenbrenner's theory of the ecology of human…

  18. A Review of Mathematical Learning Disabilities in Children with Fragile X Syndrome

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murphy, Melissa M.

    2009-01-01

    The prevalence rate of mathematical learning disabilities (MLD) among children with fragile X syndrome who do not meet criteria for intellectual and developmental disabilities ([approximately equal to] 50% of female children) exceeds the rate reported in the general population. The purpose of this article is two-fold: (1) to review the findings on…

  19. Students with Learning Disabilities and Attention Disorders: Stories of the College Choice Process

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mercer, Kerri A.

    2012-01-01

    Although there has been legislation that has improved access for students with disabilities, many students are choosing not to pursue postsecondary education. The rate of postsecondary attendance for students with learning disabilities and attention disorders has increased, but they are still enrolling in postsecondary education less frequently…

  20. A Reconceptualization of Learning Disabilities via a Self-Organizing Systems Paradigm.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zera, David Aloyzy

    2001-01-01

    The assessment profiles of 30 school-age children identified with either nonverbal or language-based learning disabilities were examined using a self-organizing systems paradigm. Results suggest that overflow into areas not typically associated with each disability subtype may occur. Concerns regarding ways of determining discrepancy for…

  1. Turning the Educability Narrative: Samuel A. Kirk at the Intersection of Learning Disability and "Mental Retardation"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Danforth, Scot; Slocum, Laura; Dunkle, Jennifer

    2010-01-01

    It is often assumed that current disability constructs exist in conceptual isolation from one another. This article explores the tangled historical relationship between "mental retardation" and learning disability in the writings and speeches of special education pioneer Samuel A. Kirk. Beginning in the 1950s, Kirk repeatedly told an educability…

  2. Deconstructing Barriers: Perceptions of Students Labeled with Learning Disabilities in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Denhart, Hazel

    2008-01-01

    This phenomenological study investigated barriers to higher education faced by 11 college students labeled with learning disabilities (LD) using their voice as the primary data. Data were analyzed and interpreted through a disability theory perspective revealing barriers stemmed largely from external social causes rather than individual pathology.…

  3. The Efficacy of Assistive Technology on Reading Comprehension for Postsecondary Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Floyd, Kim K.; Judge, Sharon L.

    2012-01-01

    Despite the large increase of students with learning disabilities (LD) entering postsecondary institutions and the legislative emphasis on providing students with disabilities equal access to education, we have yet to develop comprehensive planning of accommodations for postsecondary students with LD in regard to assistive technology (AT). The…

  4. Sociometric Status and Related Personality Characteristics of Mainstreamed Learning Disabled Adolescents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perlmutter, Barry F.; And Others

    1983-01-01

    Analysis of sociometric ratings for 162 mainstreamed tenth graders revealed that, while learning disabled (LD) Ss were generally less well liked than their peers, a subgroup of the disabled sample was very well regarded. Most of the remaining LD Ss were rated in the neutral rather than the disliked range. (Author/CL)

  5. Self-Organization and Learning Disabilities: A Theoretical Perspective for the Interpretation and Understanding of Dysfunction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zera, David Aloyzy; Lucian, David G.

    2001-01-01

    This article uses a self-organizing systems (SOS) framework to explain the complexity of learning disabilities (LD) and suggest that traditional classification schema may be inadequate. It explains principles of self-organizing systems and reviews research concerning reading and math disabilities and the roles of language, attention, working…

  6. Inclusion, Disabilities, and Informal Science Learning. A CAISE Inquiry Group Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reich, Christine; Price, Jeremy; Rubin, Ellen; Steiner, Mary Ann

    2010-01-01

    Informal science education (ISE) experiences can provide powerful opportunities for people with disabilities to experience and learn about science. When designed to be inclusive, such experiences can lead people with disabilities to feel competent and empowered as science learners, generate excitement and enthusiasm for science, and be equitable…

  7. Inclusion, Disabilities, and Informal Science Learning. A CAISE Inquiry Group Report. Executive Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Advancement of Informal Science Education, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Informal science education (ISE) experiences can provide powerful opportunities for people with disabilities to experience and learn about science. When designed to be inclusive, such experiences can lead people with disabilities to feel competent and empowered as science learners, generate excitement and enthusiasm for science, and be equitable…

  8. Accountability: The Ethics of Devising a Practice-as-Research Performance with Learning-Disabled Practitioners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leighton, Fran

    2009-01-01

    This article discusses the dilemmas encountered by non-disabled performance researchers and practitioners working with learning-disabled people. I demonstrate how the "accounts" of empirical social scientists informed my PARIP [practice-as-research-in-performance] project, "BluYesBlu," and how Judith Butler's reformulation of the concept of…

  9. Follow-Up Study of Reading Achievement in Learning Disabled Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gottesman, Ruth L.

    Forty-three learning disabled children referred initially between ages 7 and 14 years to a medical outpatient clinic for developmentally disabled children were evaluated and followed for a period of 5 to 7 years after which their level of academic achievement was reassessed. Initial evaluation included pediatric, neurological and developmental…

  10. If Gifted/Learning Disabled Students Have Wisdom, They Have All Things!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Jin-Young; Ko, Young-Gun

    2007-01-01

    This study explores how a historical genius with learning disabilities (LD) used his giftedness to surmount his disabilities. This study compared biographical data of a historical genius with LD to geniuses without LD using the posthumous diagnostic methodology. Niels Bohr, J. Robert Oppenheimer, and Enrico Fermi were selected for investigation.…

  11. The Hale Position for a "Third Method" for Specific Learning Disabilities Identification: A Legal Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zirkel, Perry A.

    2013-01-01

    This short article provides a legal analysis of the Hale et al. white paper on specific learning disabilities identification. The white paper presents a purported consensus of experts that an approach combining response to intervention with severe discrepancy is consistent with the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). The analysis…

  12. What Professionals Think about Offenders with Learning Disabilities in the Criminal Justice System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cant, Richard; Standen, Penny

    2007-01-01

    There is evidence that people with learning disabilities who offend are treated differently within the criminal justice system compared to non-disabled offenders. As their treatment depends on decisions made by professionals within the criminal justice system, this study set out to explore the attitudes of these professionals. Semi-structured…

  13. Learning Disability (LD) and/or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Documentation Guidelines for Service Eligibility

    E-print Network

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    Learning Disability (LD) and/or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Documentation provide the results of a comprehensive attentional assessment. We recommend the Trail Making Tests (part of Attention (TOVA). Conclusions Summary Recommendations of accommodations These standards of acceptable

  14. The "Magic Cure" A Review of the Current Controversial Approaches for Treating Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silver, Larry B.

    1987-01-01

    In view of popular press coverage of controversial approaches to treating learning disabilities, the article briefly reviews evidence concerning the following: neurophysiological retraining (patterning, optometric visual training, cerebellar-vestibular remediation, and applied kinesiology); and orthomolecular medicine (concerning megavitamins,…

  15. Few CT Scan Abnormalities Found Even in Neurologically Impaired Learning Disabled Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Denckla, Martha Bridge; And Others

    1985-01-01

    Most of 32 learning disabled children (seven to 14 years old) with neurological lateralization characteristics marked by right and left hemispheres had a normal CT (computerized tomography) scan. (CL)

  16. Research Approaches to Studying the Link Between Learning Disabilities and Juvenile Delinquency

    E-print Network

    Hazel, J. Stephen; Schumaker, Jean B.; Deshler, Donald D.

    1980-01-01

    A relationship between learning disabilities and juvenile delinquency has been hypothesized for a period of time. Research on this relationship has been clouded with methodological difficulties. These problems include the ...

  17. How do adults with mild learning disabilities experience bereavement and grief? A qualitative exploration. 

    E-print Network

    McRitchie, Robyn

    2012-06-26

    Background: The vast majority of research into the experiences of people with learning disabilities (LD) in regard to bereavement and grief involves the collection of data from second-hand sources, or via quantitative measures. ...

  18. The Field Trip as a Positive Experience for the Learning Disabled.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cox, Charles C., III

    1993-01-01

    Describes a 12-year program in which learning-disabled students visit an ice cream making company in Providence, RI. Provides instructional objectives and procedures for the activity. Includes suggestions for postactivity discussion and student evaluation. (CFR)

  19. Stigma, social comparison and psychological distress in adults with a learning disability 

    E-print Network

    Paterson, Lucy

    2007-01-01

    Introduction: People with a learning disability are members of a stigmatised group and research has shown that stigmatisation can have a negative impact on psychological wellbeing. The process of social comparison has ...

  20. Errorless Discrimination Training of Digraphs with a Learning-Disabled Student.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schimek, Natalie

    1983-01-01

    The effects of errorless discrimination training (Sulzer and Mayer) on visual and auditory discrimination of digraphs of a learning disabled eight-year-old female resulted in a successful technique for digraph discrimination. (Author/PN)

  1. Studying the Learning Disabled Adolescent Through Epidemiological and Intervention Research Tactics

    E-print Network

    Altman, Reuben

    1980-01-01

    This paper examines the relationship between epidemiological and intervention research with learning disabled adolescents. Several historical trends and contemporary issues (e.g., the importance of prevention as opposed ...

  2. Assumptions and Strategies for Conducting Research with Learning Disabled Adolescents and Young Adults

    E-print Network

    Meyen, Edward L.; Schiefelbusch, Richard L.; Deshler, Donald D.; Alley, Gordon R.; Moran, Mary Ross; Clark, Frances L.

    1980-01-01

    This paper details the assumptions about learning disabled adolescents and young adults as well as assumptions about conducting research with this population held by researchers at the Kansas Institute. Strategies developed ...

  3. Equal Access for All: The Law Profession for Individuals with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Darby, Alexa; Gregg, Noel

    2002-01-01

    Offers a case study with information for students with learning disabilities who want to become lawyers. Describes procedures for getting into law school and taking the bar exam. (Contains 17 references.) (JOW)

  4. Five Faces of Cognition: Theoretical Influences on Approaches to Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hresko, Wayne P.; Reid, D. Kim

    1981-01-01

    The label "cognitive" has been used to designate five substantially different approaches to the study of learning disabilities: information processing, metacognition, genetic epistemology, cognitive behavior modification, and the specific abilities model. (Author)

  5. A Research Strategy for Studying Learning Disabled Adolescents and Young Adults

    E-print Network

    Schumaker, Jean B.; Alley, Gordon R.; Warner, Michael M.; Deshler, Donald D.

    1980-01-01

    Unique problems related to adolescents and young adults which researchers must consider in designing interventions are discussed. These unique factors associate with the condition of learning disabilities in adolescents ...

  6. High School Students with Learning Disabilities: Mathematics Instruction, Study Skills, and High Stakes Tests

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steele, Marcee M.

    2010-01-01

    This article reviews characteristics of high school students with learning disabilities and presents instructional modifications and study skills to help them succeed in algebra and geometry courses and on high stakes mathematics assessments.

  7. Bayesian Screening Procedure for Identification of Learning Disabled Adolescents: Administration, Scoring, and Interpretation

    E-print Network

    Alley, Gordon R.; Deshler, Donald D.; Warner, Michael M.

    1980-01-01

    The Secondary Learning Disabilities Form of the Screening Procedure is described, and procedures for administration and scoring are detailed. In addition, interpretation guidelines are presented. Both the Revised Checklist ...

  8. Instructional Practices that Promote Acquisition and Generalization of Skills by Learning Disabled Adolescents

    E-print Network

    Deshler, Donald D.; Alley, Gordon R.; Warner, Michael M.; Schumaker, Jean B.

    1980-01-01

    While most efforts in programming for learning disabled adolescents have been directed to the content of instructional offering, the authors identify procedures to promote acquisition and generalization of skills . Exemplified ...

  9. Lessons Learned from a Disabilities Accessible Study Abroad Trip

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Twill, Sarah E.; Guzzo, Gaetano R.

    2012-01-01

    In the summer of 2009, a two-week study abroad program was specifically designed and executed to include students with disabilities. Recruitment efforts resulted in 11 student participants, six of who were identified as having a disability by the University's Office of Disability Services. Students participated in a two-course academic program;…

  10. The Implications of Social Neuroscience for Social Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McPartland, James C.; Pelphrey, Kevin A.

    2012-01-01

    Social disability represents a unifying feature in the diverse group of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Social neuroscience is the study of brain mechanisms supporting interpersonal interaction. In this paper, we review brain imaging studies of the social brain and highlight practical applications of these scientific insights.…

  11. Peer Tutoring: Teaching Students with Learning Disabilities to Deliver Time Delay Instruction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Brenda L. Telecsan; Deborah Bott Slaton; Kay B. Stevens

    1999-01-01

    This study evaluated the effectiveness of a peer-mediated constant time delay procedure for teaching written spelling to fourth- and fifth-grade students identified as learning disabled. The six peer tutors (each with learning disabilities) taught each other to produce the written spelling for 15 five- to eight-letter words using a 3-s delay and a visual model prompt. A multiple probe design

  12. The WISC-III Profile in Greek Children with Learning Disabilities: Different Language, Similar Difficulties

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rotsika, V.; Vlassopoulos, M.; Legaki, L.; Sini, A.; Rogakou, E.; Sakellariou, K.; Pehlivanidou, H.; Anagnostopoulos, D. C.

    2009-01-01

    This study investigates the WISC-III profile in Greek children with learning disabilities (LD). The sample consisted of 180 children diagnosed with learning disability (136 boys, 44 girls) aged 6.11 to 14.4 years. The Mean Full-scale IQ is 96.08, Mean Verbal IQ is 96.38, and Mean Performance IQ is 96.61. On individual subtests, the lowest mean…

  13. Major Research Findings of The University of Kansas Institute for Research in Learning Disabilities

    E-print Network

    Clark, Frances L.

    1981-10-01

    -Vocabul ary_and Spelling t. and Ross Tests of Higher Co-9JJ) t-ive·· Prqce~ses-Rel_~va_n.t and Irrelevant Information).- -- - ·--- · ·- -·- - · ---- · · · · -- · MAJOR FINDINGS : 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Some behavioral ch'aracteri sti cs differentiate LD... the result of environmental influences. 4. Learning disabilities are unique to childhood rather than a handicap that persists into adolescence and adulthood. 5. Learning disabled individuals are as handicapped in adjusting to community living...

  14. Strategy Instruction in Reading Comprehension: An Intervention Study for Students with Learning Disabilities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Faye Antoniou; Elmar Souvignier

    2007-01-01

    Teaching reading strategies and guiding students towards self-regulated reading routines are promising approaches to fostering reading compre- hension in students with learning disabilities. The aim of this study was to evaluate in a sample of 73 fifth to eighth graders with learning disabilities (IQ higher than 85 and reading skills below expectation) a reading-strat- egy program containing reading and self-regulation

  15. Technology Enhanced Learning for People with Intellectual Disabilities and Cerebral Paralysis: The MAS Platform

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Colomo-Palacios, Ricardo; Paniagua-Martín, Fernando; García-Crespo, Ángel; Ruiz-Mezcua, Belén

    Education for students with disabilities now takes place in a wide range of settings, thus, including a wider range of assistive tools. As a result of this, one of the most interesting application domains of technology enhanced learning is related to the adoption of learning technologies and designs for people with disabilities. Following this unstoppable trend, this paper presents MAS, a software platform aimed to help people with severe intellectual disabilities and cerebral paralysis in their learning processes. MAS, as a technology enhanced learning platform, provides several tools that supports learning and monitoring for people with special needs, including adaptative games, data processing and monitoring tools. Installed in a special needs education institution in Madrid, Spain, MAS provides special educators with a tool that improved students education processes.

  16. Technology for communicational development and learning in psychomotor disability

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Trento, I.; Santucci, M.; Tula, S.; González, E.

    2007-11-01

    The applied investigation and experimental development project described in this paper has been carried out by Grupo Ingeniería Clínica of the Universidad Tecnológica Nacional together with two Special Education Schools dependent on the Ministry of Education of Córdoba Province. Its aim is the development of computer access assistive tools for students with mobility limitations, and with or without intellectual problems that need adaptations to access to a computer in order to learn, communicate, work, etc. On the other hand, it demonstrates the benefits that the use of a computer gives to these students. The evaluation of their performance was made trough Dr. Marianne Frostig's Developmental Test of Visual Perception and reading and writing graphic tests, comparing the results of the tests made on paper with those made on computer. Thus, an interdisciplinary team was formed by Engineering, Psychology and Special Education professionals, and 40 students were evaluated. The design of the mouse and keyboard had some adaptations. At present, the rating test stage is being achieved, and the preliminary results allow us to anticipate that pupils with psychomotor disabilities may manifest their perceptual ripeness and reach education in a more efficient way through the use of informatics tools according to their needs and possibilities.

  17. Numerical matching judgments in children with mathematical learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Defever, Emmy; De Smedt, Bert; Reynvoet, Bert

    2013-10-01

    Both deficits in the innate magnitude representation (i.e. representation deficit hypothesis) and deficits in accessing the magnitude representation from symbols (i.e. access deficit hypotheses) have been proposed to explain mathematical learning disabilities (MLD). Evidence for these hypotheses has mainly been accumulated through the use of numerical magnitude comparison tasks. It has been argued that the comparison distance effect might reflect decision processes on activated magnitude representations rather than number processing per se. One way to avoid such decisional processes confounding the numerical distance effect is by using a numerical matching task, in which children have to indicate whether two dot-arrays or a dot-array and a digit are numerically the same or different. Against this background, we used a numerical matching task to examined the representation deficit and access deficit hypotheses in a group children with MLD and controls matched on age, gender and IQ. The results revealed that children with MLD were slower than controls on the mixed notation trials, whereas no difference was found for the non-symbolic trials. This might be in line with the access deficit hypothesis, showing that children with MLD have difficulties in linking a symbol with its quantity representation. However, further investigation is required to exclude the possibility that children with MLD have a deficit in integrating the information from different input notations. PMID:23886760

  18. Romantic Agrarianism and Movement Education in the United States: Examining the Discursive Politics of Learning Disability Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Danforth, Scot

    2011-01-01

    The learning disability construct gained scientific and political legitimacy in the United States in the 1960s as an explanation for some forms of childhood learning difficulties. In 1975, federal law incorporated learning disability into the categorical system of special education. The historical and scientific roots of the disorder involved a…

  19. Challenging the Structural Discrimination of Psychiatric Disabilities: Lessons Learned from the American Disability Community

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corrigan, Patrick W.; Lam, Chow

    2007-01-01

    Stigma is a major barrier to the life opportunities of people with disabilities, including those with psychiatric disabilities. Structural discrimination is stigma that results from social forces that develop over many years to diminish a group's resources and support needed to be successful. Affirmative action is a legal and political remedy to…

  20. 34 CFR 300.307 - Specific learning disabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... ASSISTANCE TO STATES FOR THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES Evaluations, Eligibility Determinations, Individualized Education Programs, and Educational Placements Additional Procedures for Identifying Children with...

  1. Educational Preparation for Learning Disability Nursing: Outcomes Evaluation of the Contribution of Learning Disability Nurses within the Multi-Professional, Multi-Agency Team. Research Highlights.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    English National Board for Nursing, Midwifery and Health Visiting, London.

    A research project examined the current roles of learning disability nurses within multi-professional and multi-agency teams in a range of care settings in the United Kingdom (UK). It also studied the effectiveness of current educational provision for this branch of nursing, in terms of current roles and activities, and the perceived needs of…

  2. Comparison on testability of visual acuity, stereo acuity and colour vision tests between children with learning disabilities and children without learning disabilities in government primary schools

    PubMed Central

    Abu Bakar, Nurul Farhana; Chen, Ai-Hong

    2014-01-01

    Context: Children with learning disabilities might have difficulties to communicate effectively and give reliable responses as required in various visual function testing procedures. Aims: The purpose of this study was to compare the testability of visual acuity using the modified Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) and Cambridge Crowding Cards, stereo acuity using Lang Stereo test II and Butterfly stereo tests and colour perception using Colour Vision Test Made Easy (CVTME) and Ishihara's Test for Colour Deficiency (Ishihara Test) between children in mainstream classes and children with learning disabilities in special education classes in government primary schools. Materials and Methods: A total of 100 primary school children (50 children from mainstream classes and 50 children from special education classes) matched in age were recruited in this cross-sectional comparative study. The testability was determined by the percentage of children who were able to give reliable respond as required by the respective tests. ‘Unable to test’ was defined as inappropriate response or uncooperative despite best efforts of the screener. Results: The testability of the modified ETDRS, Butterfly stereo test and Ishihara test for respective visual function tests were found lower among children in special education classes (P < 0.001) but not in Cambridge Crowding Cards, Lang Stereo test II and CVTME. Conclusion: Non verbal or “matching” approaches were found to be more superior in testing visual functions in children with learning disabilities. Modifications of vision testing procedures are essential for children with learning disabilities. PMID:24008790

  3. An update on the Americans with Disabilities Act: implications for health and human services delivery.

    PubMed

    Pardeck, J T

    2001-01-01

    The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) was signed into law nearly a decade ago. The ADA is designed to protect persons with disabilities from discrimination in nearly every aspect of American life. This article focuses on a number of recent court rulings that help to clarify important components of the ADA. It is critical for health and human services professionals to be aware of these recent rulings because they affect the delivery of services. It is concluded that professionals working in the health and human services should have ongoing training and education concerning the changing legal interpretations of the ADA. Many of these changes have important implications for service delivery. PMID:11263097

  4. Cue Cards: A Self-Regulatory Strategy for Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conderman, Greg; Hedin, Laura

    2011-01-01

    General and special educators have used many instructional strategies to help students with learning disabilities (LD) succeed in school. One of those strategies is cue cards. As a vehicle for supporting evidence-based practices, cue cards help students (a) learn academic and behavioral steps, principles, procedures, processes, and rules; (b)…

  5. Teaching Social Studies to Upper Elementary Students with Learning Disabilities: Graphic Organizers and Explicit Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ciullo, Stephen; Falcomata, Terry; Vaughn, Sharon

    2015-01-01

    The authors report the effects of a single-case, multiple-probe design investigation for students with learning disabilities (LD) in Grades 4 and 5. Seven students classified as LD and with persistent difficulty with informational-text comprehension from two elementary schools participated. The study compared social studies learning across two…

  6. Making Online Learning Accessible to Disabled Students: An Institutional Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooper, Martyn

    2006-01-01

    Based on the authors' reflections on experience working at the Open University, approaches to making online learning accessible to disabled students are considered. The considerations are applicable to all concerned with online learning and indeed anyone seeking to trade, disseminate information and mediate services online. In reflecting on the…

  7. Levels of Engagement and Barriers to Physical Activity in a Population of Adults with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hawkins, Andrew; Look, Roger

    2006-01-01

    This study examined levels of, and barriers to, physical activity in a population of 19 adults with learning disabilities living in community supported accommodation, using diary records and semi-structured interviews with staff. The levels of physical activity were higher in the sample population than previous figures for adults with learning

  8. Language Learning Disability and Individual Differences: Can We See between the Lines?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silliman, Elaine R.

    2010-01-01

    In honor of Dr. Katherine Butler's extraordinary leadership of "Topics in Language Disorders," this article takes up her 1982 challenge to reach toward greater understanding of individual differences in the use of oral and written language by children with language learning disability. The article focuses on 3 interconnected dimensions of learning

  9. Graphic Organizers and Students with Learning Disabilities: A Meta-Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dexter, Douglas D.; Hughes, Charles A.

    2011-01-01

    This meta-analysis reviews experimental and quasi-experimental studies in which upper-elementary, intermediate, and secondary students with learning disabilities learned from graphic organizers. Following an exhaustive search for studies meeting specified design criteria, 55 standardized mean effect sizes were extracted from 16 articles involving…

  10. Prototypes for Teaching Word Meaning Skills--Homonyms--to Learning Disabled Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lundquist, Gerald W.

    Summarized are four studies which compared the ability of learning disabled (LD) and normal students to learn the meanings of homonyms (words that sound alike but have different meanings) when presented in various modes. Homonyms were presented in either random order or in contiguous pairs, with the illustrative sentences presented after the word…

  11. Mastery Goal Orientation, Hope, and Effort among Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sapio, Melissa

    2010-01-01

    Student hope and effort are often considered by educators to be important factors related to learning and achievement. Yet few studies have been conducted to understand the relation between these constructs and achievement motivation, particularly within the academically vulnerable population of students with learning disabilities (LD). The…

  12. Mastery goal orientation, hope, and effort among students with learning disabilities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Melissa Sapio

    2010-01-01

    Student hope and effort are often considered by educators to be important factors related to learning and achievement. Yet few studies have been conducted to understand the relation between these constructs and achievement motivation, particularly within the academically vulnerable population of students with learning disabilities (LD). The effects of mastery goal orientation and LD status among 6th- through 10th-grade students

  13. Can Early Reading Achievement Be Predicted with Traditional Learning Disabilities Tests? A Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Purcell-Gates, Victoria

    This case study examines the process of learning to read and write in a first-grade boy for whom difficulties in literacy acquisition were predicted from a battery of tests commonly used to identify learning disabilities (LD). Data included: (1) test scores from the school psychologist, speech therapist, audiologist, and from standardized school…

  14. The Effects of Year-Round School on Students with Learning Disabilities: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pfeiffer, John, Jr.

    2011-01-01

    This case study investigated the effects of year-round school on students with learning disabilities at Abraxas High School in Poway, California. Abraxas is an alternative school that operates on a block schedule and year-round calendar. The researcher attempted to answer the question: How does year-round school impact students with learning

  15. Facilitating the Acquisition of Science Classifications in Learning-Disabled Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mastropieri, Margo A.; And Others

    Learning-disabled junior high school students (N-36) were taught three dichotomous classifications for each of eight minerals; hardness level (hard-soft), color (pale-dark), and common use (home-industry). Ss were randomly assigned to three experimental conditions in order to learn this information. In the direct instruction condition, Ss were…

  16. Use of IQ Criteria for Evaluating the Uniqueness of the Learning Disability Profile.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Humphries, Ton; Bone, Janet

    1993-01-01

    Comparisons of Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised scores, for 24 children with learning disabilities demonstrating a low verbal, high performance intelligence quotient (IQ) discrepancy and 33 slow learning children having uniformly low verbal and performance IQs, revealed few cognitive differences beyond the Performance Scale…

  17. Seasonal Affective Disorder and response to light in two patients with learning disability

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. B. Cooke; C. Thompson

    1998-01-01

    Background: Seasonal Affective Disorder is now a well recognised variant of recurrent depressive disorder. No previous description of its occurrence in people with a learning disability has appeared. Methods: Two patients are described who manifested seasonal cycles in mood related behaviour. Results: Both patients were treated with bright artificial light and showed adequate clinical responses. Conclusion: Patients with a learning

  18. A Visual Haptic System for Children with Learning Disabilities: Software and Hardware Design Considerations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Subrahmaniyan, Neeraja; Krishnaswamy, Swetha; Chowriappa, Ashirwad; Srimathveeravalli, Govindarajan; Bisantz, Ann; Shriber, Linda; Kesavadas, Thenkurussi

    2012-01-01

    Research has shown that children with learning disabilities exhibit considerable challenges with visual motor integration. While there are specialized Occupational Therapy interventions aimed at visual motor integration, computer games and virtual toys have now become increasingly popular, forming an integral part of children's learning and play.…

  19. An Exploratory Study of Self-Directed Science Concept Learning by Students with Moderate Intellectual Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jimenez, Bree A.; Browder, Diane M.; Courtade, Ginevra R.

    2009-01-01

    This investigation focused on the effects of a treatment package including multiple exemplar training, time delay, and a self-directed learning prompt (KWHL chart) on students' ability to complete an inquiry lesson independently and generalize to untrained materials. Three middle school students with moderate intellectual disabilities learned to…

  20. Learning Disabilities and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Intelligent Well Educated Adults

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guyer, Kenneth E.; Guyer, Barbara P.; Banks, Steven R.

    2008-01-01

    This retrospective study examined scores for 111 adult participants on the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised, the Wide Range Achievement Test-III and the Nelson-Denny Reading Test. All participants were referred to a university clinic for learning problems. The participants were diagnosed with a learning disability, an…