These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The learning disabilities monograph contains five brief articles dealing with various aspects of learning disabilities as they related to business education. "Learning Disabilities: A Challenge for the Vocational Business Educator" (Dorothy Munger) concerns screening students with learning disabilities into rather than out of business education…

Clow, John, Ed.; Woolschlager, Ruth B., Ed.

2

Genetic Influences on Learning Disabilities II: Behavior Genetics and Clinical Implications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research in the genetics of behavioral traits, undertaken by family studies, twin studies, and adoption studies, has revealed information on normal variation in cognitive abilities as well as specific learning disabilities (primarily dyslexia). Genetic evaluation of learning disabled students have implications for counseling and recurrence risk…

Smith, Shelley D.; Pennington, Bruce F.

1983-01-01

3

Learning Disabilities: Its Implications to a Responsible Society.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to emphasize areas of interaction, the papers on learning disabilities include discussions of the importance and procedures of early diagnoses of developmental disorders, by Joseph DiLeo; traditional concepts and problems of minimal brain dysfunction (MBD), by Ernest Siegel; interactions of the MBD child, family, and teacher, by Bernard…

Kronick, Doreen, Ed.

4

Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet uses hypothetical case examples to illustrate the definition, causal theories, and specific types of learning disabilities (LD). The cognitive and language performance of students with LD is compared to standard developmental milestones, and common approaches to the identification and education of children with LD are outlined.…

Neuwirth, Sharyn

5

The Use of Psychotropic Medication with Adults with Learning Disabilities: Survey Findings and Implications for Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the findings of a survey into prescribing of psychotropic medication with adults with learning disabilities in a British city. A self-completion questionnaire was sent to staff in dispersed housing and community learning disability teams to gather information about the number of people prescribed psychoactive medication, the…

Chapman, Melanie; Gledhill, Paul; Jones, Phillip; Burton, Mark; Soni, Saroj

2006-01-01

6

LEARNING TO READ--THE GREAT DEBATE (IMPLICATIONS OF THE STUDY FOR CHILDREN WITH LEARNING DISABILITIES).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

SOME OF THE IMPLICATIONS OF CHALL'S "LEARNING TO READ, THE GREAT DEBATE" FOR TEACHING PERCEPTUALLY HANDICAPPED CHILDREN TO READ ARE DISCUSSED. CHALL CONTRASTED THE WHOLE-WORD APPROACH WITH THE CODE-EMPHASIS APPROACH IN WHICH A CHILD BREAKS THE CODE THROUGH LETTER-SOUND ASSOCIATIONS. IT HAS BEEN OBSERVED THAT CHILDREN FIND MORE DIFFICULTY IN…

COLE, JULIA M.

7

Learning Disabilities and ADHD  

MedlinePLUS

... of learning disabilities: Learning disability What it means Dyslexia (say: diss-LEK-see-uh) Dyslexia makes it hard for people to understand and ... most common type of learning disability. People with dyslexia may: Have problems telling the difference between different ...

8

Subtypes of learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim of the present study was two fold: (1) to evaluate the course of referring and diagnosing Learning Disabilities (LD) and\\u000a the contribution of multidisciplinary assessment and (2) to describe characteristics of three LD subtypes: Attention with\\u000a or without Motor function Disabilities (AMD), Verbal Learning Disabilities (VLD) and Non-Verbal Learning Disabilities (NVLD).\\u000a Diagnostics, behavioural and neuropsychological data from 495 children

Jos G. M. Hendriksen; Esther H. H. Keulers; Frans J. M. Feron; Renske Wassenberg; Jelle Jolles; Johan S. H. Vles

2007-01-01

9

Causal Attributions of Learning Disabled Children: Individual Differences and Their Implications for Persistence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared the causal attribution by sex for academic failures of 38 learning disabled and 38 nondisabled elementary school students. The relationship between different attributional tendencies and a reading persistence task were also examined. (BS)

Licht, Barbara G.; And Others

1985-01-01

10

Differences in Performance between Students with Learning Disabilities and Mild Mental Retardation: Implications for Categorical Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We reviewed eight studies that described learning differences between students with learning disabilities (LD) and students with mild mental retardation (MMR). A total of 639 students, 6-20 years old, participated in these studies. Study authors examined students' inductive reasoning and their performance during guided inquiry and more lengthy…

Caffrey, Erin; Fuchs, Douglas

2007-01-01

11

Learning Disabilities and Employment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides information on preparing individuals with learning disabilities for the challenges of employment and outlines the rights of those with learning disabilities in the workplace. Introductory chapters in Part 1 include: "Life after School: Challenges in the Workplace" (Paul J. Gerber); "The New Economy in the 21st Century:…

Gerber, Paul J., Ed.; Brown, Dale S., Ed.

12

Assessment of Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The assessment and diagnosis of learning disabilities (LD) in the school is problematic. How do educators determine who is learning disabled? What practices are recommended? The main focus of the paper is on specific, relatively technical points that influence the validity of assessment. Since technical concerns are only one of the factors…

Shepard, Lorrie A.

13

Career Planning Implications for Learning Disabled High School Students Using the MBTI and SDS-E.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined whether learning-disabled high school students (n=141) had particular personality configuration on Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), whether they had particular vocational interest on Self-Directed Search (SDS) and whether there was relationship between MBTI and SDS scores. On MBTI, students placed predominantly along…

Humes, Charles W.

1992-01-01

14

What Are Learning Disabilities?  

MedlinePLUS

... the most common learning disabilities include the following: Dyslexia. This condition causes problems with language skills, particularly reading. People with dyslexia may have difficulty spelling, understanding sentences, and recognizing ...

15

Learning Disabilities in Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines five factors which appear to contribute to learning disabilities among adult basic education (ABE) learners. While the research literature does not provide a comprehensive basis for describing how the disadvantaged learn, it does lead the authors to make eight helpful suggestions for the ABE teacher. (JDS)

Glass, J. Conrad, Jr.; Hoffman, Lee McGraw

1976-01-01

16

A Comparison of WAIS-R and WAIS-III in the Lower IQ Range: Implications for Learning Disability Diagnosis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Whether the Flynn effect (the increase in the populations' IQ over time) affects the IQ scores of people with learning disability or borderline learning disability remains unclear. The issue is important as the Flynn effect should alter the number of people eligible for health service resources. A comparison of the Wechsler Adult…

Fitzgerald, Suzanne; Gray, Nicola S.; Snowden, Robert J.

2007-01-01

17

The Gifted Learning Disabled Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of articles on gifted learning disabled students begins with an explanation of the philosophy of the Center for Talented Youth at Johns Hopkins University (Maryland), a list of characteristics of gifted disabled students, and three definitions of learning disabilities. The following papers are then provided: "Gifted but Learning

1994

18

Specific Learning Disabilities: A Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The handbook provides information to aid both regular and special education teachers in managing the curriculum for learning disabled students. Section I provides an introduction to the area of specific learning disabilities with chapters on the diagnostic process and on the distinction between slow learners and specific learning disabilities.…

George Washington Univ., Washington, DC. Special Education Instructional Materials Center.

19

Math Learning Disabilities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this article Dr. Kate Garnett defines five areas of math learning disabilities and provides suggestions on how adequate differentiated instruction and modifications can help students overcome these obstacles. The five areas are: Mastering Basic Number Facts, Arithmetic Weakness/Math Talent, The Written Symbol and Concrete Materials, The Language of Math, and Visual-Spatial Aspects of Math.

Kate Garnett

1998-01-01

20

Literacy Proficiency and Science for Students with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes program alternatives in science for students with learning disabilities and their implications for reading and writing. Reviews opportunity to learn, the science performance of students with learning disabilities, science textbook instruction, literacy and science, and alternatives to read-dependent science programs. Presents an…

Cawley, John F.; Parmar, Rene S.

2001-01-01

21

Understanding Learning Disabilities and Substance Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to assist people with learning disabilities to recognize their disabilities and the connection between learning disabilities and substance abuse. It begins by defining learning disabilities and providing a self-test checklist for common signs and symptoms of learning disabilities. Difficulties with organization, memory,…

Star, Nonnie; Shadoff, Sander

22

Implications of Cooperative Learning and Educational Reform for Students with Mild Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cooperative learning is an instructional model that draws extensively on contributions of multiple theorists, including Piaget, Vygotsky, Carroll and other researchers. Many different cooperative learning arrangements have been developed and researched. The most extensively researched and evaluated cooperative learning arrangements is by Robert…

Fore, Cecil, III; Riser, Susan; Boon, Richard

2006-01-01

23

An Interview with Mara Sapon-Shevin: Implications for Students and Teachers of Labeling Students as Learning Disabled/Gifted.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This interview with Mara Sapon-Shevin discusses her interest in students with learning disabilities and giftedness, the negative effects of labeling students, what teachers can do to improve the social climate and peer acceptance in heterogeneous classrooms, and the need for teachers to teach all students as if they are gifted. (CR)

Walther-Thomas, Chriss; Brownell, Mary

1999-01-01

24

Evidence-Based Strategies for Improving the Reading Comprehension of Secondary Students: Implications for Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reading comprehension is a complex skill that places significant demands on students, beginning with elementary school and continuing through the secondary grades. In this article, we provide an overview of possible factors associated with problems in reading comprehension among secondary students with learning disabilities. Discussion underscores…

Watson, Silvana M. R.; Gable, Robert A.; Gear, Sabra B.; Hughes, Kimberly C.

2012-01-01

25

Language-Based Learning Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... or symptoms of a language-based learning disability? Dyslexia has been used to refer to the specific ... problems have spoken language problems. The child with dyslexia has trouble almost exclusively with the written (or ...

26

Learning Disabilities Association of America  

MedlinePLUS

... accommodations for all students with learning disabilities on high school equivalency exams (GED®, Hi-Set®, or TASC™). Take ... Basics Assessment & Evaluation Early Intervention Pre-K thru High School Special Education Services Beyond the Classroom Mental Health ...

27

Forensic Learning Disability Nursing Role Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a study carried out on the role constructs of forensic and nonforensic Learning Disability Nursing in relation to six binary themes. The aims were to identify if there were differences in perceptions of forensic learning disability nurses and nonforensic learning disability nurses in relation to the six binary themes of the…

Mason, Tom; Phipps, Dianne; Melling, Kat

2011-01-01

28

Learning Disabilities: Historical Perspectives. Executive Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the federal government's involvement in learning disabilities through task forces, legislation, and funding has been evident only since the 1960s and 1970s, the roots of learning disabilities can be traced back to the early 1800s. Learning disabilities are one of the newest categories officially recognized by the U.S. Department of…

Hallahan, Daniel P.; Mercer, Cecil D.

29

Learning Disability: Experience of Diagnosis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies have focused on the experience of diagnosis from the perspectives of parents of children with learning disabilities, but there has been limited methodologically rigorous investigation into the experience for the person themselves. Eight participants were recruited from a range of different backgrounds. Interviews were analysed using…

Kenyon, Elinor; Beail, Nigel; Jackson, Tom

2014-01-01

30

Learning Disabilities: Diagnosis and Prescription.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author advocates an interdisciplinary team approach to diagnosis and prescription for the elementary school learning disabled (LD) child. Described is a 5-year project, funded under Title VI, operating within 11-18 elementary schools surrounding the University of Maryland Hospital. Biweekly services are offered to participating schools by a…

Kappelman, Murray M.

31

Physical activity and learning disability.  

PubMed

The inclusion of people with learning disabilities in sporting activities promotes a number of positive outcomes. These may include opportunities for social inclusion, the creation of positive role models for other people with learning disabilities, the opportunity to present people with learning disabilities in valued social roles to a global community, sharing of common interests and experiences, and social and competitive rewards. There is also the potential for positive physical and mental health outcomes. Current data suggests that people with learning disabilities are physically less active than the rest of the population, more likely to lead sedentary lifestyles and more prone to obesity and associated health conditions. However, there are a number of ways in which nurses may support both individuals and their carers to engage with and promote programmes of physical activity. These may include the design of individual activity plans incorporated within health action planning aligned with suitable rewards systems. Action might also be taken in terms of health promotion advice and information to carers and those providing facilities for physical activity. PMID:22875298

Hallawell, Bob; Stephens, Jacqueline; Charnock, David

32

34 CFR 300.307 - Specific learning disabilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Specific learning disabilities. 300.307...CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES Evaluations, Eligibility Determinations...Identifying Children with Specific Learning Disabilities § 300.307 Specific learning disabilities. (a)...

2010-07-01

33

Whole Language and the Learning Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is much more to a learning disabled (LD) child's successful learning than part-to-whole or whole-to-part instruction. Among the many factors to be considered are his/her learning style, interests, abilities, aptitudes, health, and parental support. Instructional programs for learning disabled children should be based on the students'…

Partridge, Susan

34

Offenders who have a learning disability.  

PubMed

This article examines aspects of the criminal justice system in relation to offenders with learning disabilities. Questions relating to the vulnerability and responsibility of suspects are explored in the light of recent literature. The legal rights of detainees are considered with reference to the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984. The role of the 'appropriate adult' is reviewed and implications for service workers are explored. Future directions are considered with reference to innovative developments in services. Victims and witnesses will be considered in a subsequent article. PMID:8974527

McNally, S

35

Mathematics Education for Students with Learning Disabilities: Theory to Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book addresses teaching mathematics to students with learning disabilities, including characteristics and assessment of mathematics learning disabilities, mathematics programming and interventions, and teacher preparation. Chapters include: (1) "Mathematics Education and Students with Learning Disabilities: Instruction" (Diane Pedrotty…

Rivera, Diane Pedrotty, Ed.

36

General Information about Learning Disabilities (Fact Sheet Number 7) = Informacion General sobre Impedimentos en el Aprendizaje (Fact Sheet Number 19).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fact sheet providing general information about learning disabilities is presented in both English and Spanish versions. It begins with the federal definition of learning disabilities and a discussion of its implications followed by estimates of incidence. Typical characteristics of students with learning disabilities are then summarized as…

Interstate Research Associates, Inc., Washington, DC.

37

Learning Disabilities: The Challenges of Adulthood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of 13 essays focuses on the many challenges that adults with learning disabilities face in educational, work, and social settings. The essays are: (1) "Adults with Learning Disabilities: An Emerging Area of Professional Interest and Public Attention" (James R. Patton and Edward A. Polloway); (2) "Adult Development Theories: An…

Patton, James R., Ed.; Polloway, Edward A., Ed.

38

Learning Disabilities: From Identification to Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evidence based and comprehensive, this important work offers a new approach to understanding and intervening with students with learning disabilities. The authors--leading experts in neuropsychology and special education--present a unique model of learning disabilities that integrates the cognitive, neural, genetic, and contextual factors…

Fletcher, Jack M.; Lyon, G. Reid; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Barnes, Marcia A.

2006-01-01

39

Attracting and Retaining Learning Disability Student Nurses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recruitment onto pre-registration learning disability nursing courses has decreased considerably over the last decade. This paper reports the findings of the first stage of a longitudinal study that investigated the factors that influence students to train as learning disability nurses, and those that influence their decision to continue or leave…

Owen, Sara; Standen, Penny

2007-01-01

40

Hair Element Content in Learning Disabled Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hair samples from 31 learning disabled and 22 normal children were analyzed. Significant group differences were determined and a discriminant function was computed which separated the groups with 98 percent accuracy. Elevated lead and cadmium content in the learning disabled group is viewed as being of particular importance. (Author/SL)

Pihl, R. O.; Parkes, M.

1977-01-01

41

Learning Disabilities In-Service Training Kit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Included in the training kit for teachers in the area of learning disabilities are materials developed by Project Lighthouse for experimental field usage to test the materials. The problem of educating children with learning disabilities is summarized, as is Piaget's model of logical activity. The major divisions of the text then deal with the…

Simpson, Bickley

42

Adults with learning disabilities and psychiatric problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The co-occurrence of psychiatric illness with a learning disability has been well established, and people with learning disabilities are more likely to suffer from mental ill health (including behavioural disorders, personality disorders, autistic-spectrum disorders and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) (Deb et al, 2001b). The arrival of effective medical and psychosocial treatments for psychiatric disorders makes their diagnosis in those with learning

Mike Vanstraelen; Geraldine Holt; Nick Bouras

43

Characteristics of Limited English Proficient Hispanic Students in Programs for the Learning Disabled: Implications for Policy, Practice and Research. Part I. Report Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An exploratory and descriptive study is reviewed which examined the identification and placement of 334 limited English proficient Hispanic students (grades 2-5) in learning disability programs. Ss' eligibility folders were examined to determine why they had been referred initially, how they were assessed, and to document the initial placement…

Ortiz, Alba A., Ed.; Polyzoi, Eleoussa, Ed.

44

An Audit of Adults with Profound and Multiple Learning Disabilities within a West Midlands Community Health Trust--Implications for Service Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An audit was carried out to gain an overview of the profound and multiple learning disabilities (PMLD) population in a local health trust to inform current and future service provision. An overview of the issues faced in developing clear defining criteria is presented. Published definitions of PMLD were used to identify clients from data held on…

Gittins, Deborah; Rose, Nikki

2008-01-01

45

Inconsistencies in the Roles of Family- and Paid- Carers in Monitoring Health Issues in People with Learning Disabilities: Some Implications for the Integration of Health and Social Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Changes in the living circumstances of people with learning disabilities have seen responsibility for their health become the provenance of paid-and family-carers. Thirteen semi-structured interviews were conducted with three family-carers and ten paid-carers. Findings revealed that the role of these carers was undefined, leading to difficulty in…

Willis, Diane S.

2015-01-01

46

Teaching Algebra to Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Algebra is a gateway to expanded opportunities, but it often poses difficulty for students with learning disabilities. Consequently, it is essential to identify evidence-based instructional strategies for these students. The authors begin by identifying three areas of algebra difficulty experienced by students with disabilities: cognitive…

Impecoven-Lind, Linda S.; Foegen, Anne

2010-01-01

47

Would Rethinking Learning Disabilities Benefit Kuwait?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning disabilities education in Kuwait grew from Kuwaiti's wholesale importation of the Western, medical model of disability--a model basically incompatible with Kuwaiti culture. Conflicting factors include its problematic normal/abnormal binary, its assumption that the "deficit" is located in the student and the segregation of students by…

Bazna, Maysaa; Reid, D. Kim

2009-01-01

48

Learning disabled people - the forgotten passengers?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is based upon research into the blocks and barriers that prevent people with severe learning disabilities accessing public transport and travelling independently. The research was commissioned by Agencies in Consortium for Education and Training (ACET), whose members come from voluntary and statutory agencies that provide education and training for people with disabilities in South and East Belfast. The

Irvine Lavery; Jeffrey Knox; Eamon Slevin

1997-01-01

49

Clinical Syndromes among the Learning Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four physiological conditions associated with later learning disabilities are noted: Turner Syndrome (a chromosomal abnormality), preterm children with intracranial hemorrhage, children with incompletely developed connecting fibers between the cerebral hemispheres, and children with acquired brain injury. (CL)

Lewandowski, Lawrence J.

1985-01-01

50

Teaching Science to Students with Learning Disabilities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Due to increasingly widespread inclusion practices and more thorough identification procedures, students with documented learning disabilities (LD) are becoming a larger percentage of the science classroom. Because many practicing science teachers have little training or experience in identifying and meeting the needs of students with disabilities, this article outlines basic educational principles that support the unique learning needs of these students. Each principle is accompanied by examples of how a science instructor might put the principle, "science for all students," into practice.

Alden, Peg B.; Grumbine, Rich

2006-03-01

51

Rare familial 16q21 microdeletions under a linkage peak implicate cadherin 8 (CDH8) in susceptibility to autism and learning disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundAutism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterised by impairments in social communication and by a pattern of repetitive behaviours, with learning disability (LD) typically seen in up to 70% of cases. A recent study using the PPL statistical framework identified a novel region of genetic linkage on chromosome 16q21 that is limited to ASD families with LD.MethodsIn this study, two families

Alistair T Pagnamenta; Hameed Khan; Susan Walker; Dianne Gerrelli; Kirsty Wing; Maria Clara Bonaglia; Roberto Giorda; Tom Berney; Elisa Mani; Massimo Molteni; Dalila Pinto; Ann Le Couteur; Joachim Hallmayer; James S Sutcliffe; Peter Szatmari; Andrew D Paterson; Stephen W Scherer; Veronica J Vieland; Anthony P Monaco

2010-01-01

52

Learning Disabilities Occurring Concomitantly with Linguistic Differences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses educational environments that minimize inappropriate referrals to special education for culturally and linguistically diverse (CLD) learners. Effective instructional practices and competencies needed by teachers of CLD students with learning disabilities are suggested. Specific attention is given to needs of students with learning

Ortiz, Alba A.

1997-01-01

53

Basic Visual Processes and Learning Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Representatives of a variety of disciplines concerned with either clinical or research problems in vision and learning disabilities present reviews and reports of relevant research and clinical approaches. Contributions are organized into four broad sections: basic processes, specific disorders, diagnosis of visually based problems in learning,…

Leisman, Gerald

54

Cognitive Approaches to Learning Disabilities. Third Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides an overview of cognitive approaches to learning disabilities, the theoretical and methodological underpinnings that support them, and the body of knowledge that such work has generated. Part 1 contains the following five papers: "The Educational Perspective" (Wayne P. Hresko and others); "Educational Trends in Learning

Reid, D. Kim; And Others

55

Freshman Composition for the Learning Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In fall 1992, Del Mar College (DMC), in Corpus Christi, Texas, offered for the first time a college-level composition class for students clinically diagnosed as learning disabled (LD), with the rationale that if LD students were first grouped together to learn the fundamentals of college-level writing and find success among their peers, they would…

Gore, Robert C.

56

PROGRESS IN LEARNING DISABILITIES. VOLUME I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE FIRST OF A SERIES DEALING WITH LEARNING DISABILITIES FROM A PSYCHONEUROLOGICAL STANDPOINT, THE VOLUME CONTAINS CURRENT DISCUSSIONS AND RESEARCH REPORTS. TEN AUTHORS FROM A VARIETY OF FIELDS CONTRIBUTE CHAPTERS, EACH WITH AN ACCOMPANYING LIST OF REFERENCES. THE EDITOR, H.R. MYKLEBUST, PROVIDES THE OPENING ARTICLE ON "LEARNING

MYKLEBUST, HELMER R., ED.

57

Helping Students With Learning Disabilities Succeed  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students with learning disabilities (LD) frequently take general education science classes because their disabilities are very mild. Sometimes, however, it is difficult for students with LD to succeed in the classes and pass the related high-stakes assessments mandated by No Child Left Behind (NCLB). In this article, the author reviews typical LD characteristics that interfere with science instruction and then presents classroom modifications that are critical for students with LD and may also be valuable for all students.

Steele, Marcee M.

2008-03-01

58

Auditory and Visual Vigilance in Normal and Learning Disabled Readers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Continuous Performance Test was administered to 16 normal and 16 learning disabled males (CA 12.5) to test the proposition that learning disabled children manifest an attention deficit related to reading performance. (Author)

Swanson, H. Lee

1980-01-01

59

Learning Disabilities Due to Minimal Brain Dysfunction: Hope Through Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The pamphlet provides basic information on learning disabilities due to minimal brain dysfunction (MBD). Topics considered include terminology, incidence, symptoms, causes and prevention, diagnosis, family role for MBD children, and research in learning disabilities due to MBD. (CL)

National Inst. of Neurological and Communicative Disorders and Stroke (NIH), Bethesda, MD.

60

School Counselors and Psychological Aspects of Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of some of the more common psychological theories and behavioral variables associated with learning disabilities. Reviews Adlerian Rational Emotive and behavioral and hypnotherapy approaches as intervention strategies for the counselor confronted with learning disabled students. (LLL)

Fahey, David A.

1984-01-01

61

A Critique of "Controversial Medical Treatments of Learning Disabilities"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author replies to the article titled "Controversial Medical Treatments of Learning Disabilities" (R. Sieben), and discusses research on the relationship between food additives and hyperactivity, and dietary treatments for learning disabled children. (IM)

Feingold, Benjamin F.

1977-01-01

62

Women with Learning Disabilities Who Offend: What Do We Know?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Of the 4000 women and girls in custody in England and Wales, an unknown proportion will have a learning disability. Most research on the plight of offenders or accused persons with a learning disability has focussed on men because women form a small proportion of the prison population, and women with learning disabilities are an even smaller…

Hayes, Susan Carol

2007-01-01

63

An Enrichment Program for Gifted Learning Disabled Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Professionals interested in gifted\\/learning disabled students have found that these students have educational needs different from those of their learning disabled peers with average ability. This article describes and evaluates a pilot enrichment program designed to meet their needs. Seven bright learning disabled youngsters in grades 4 and 5 met for 2½ hours a week over a nine-month period to

Susan Baum

1988-01-01

64

Developing Recreation Skills in Persons with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides specific suggestions for ways to make accommodations and modify leisure activities to enable and encourage the participation of individuals with learning disabilities. The following chapters include: (1) "An Introduction"; (2) "Learning Disabilities," which describes types of learning disabilities, guidelines in assessing…

Peniston, Lorraine C.

65

The Challenge of Identifying Gifted/Learning Disabled Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following contemporary review illuminates several of the "best methods" to accurately identify gifted/learning disabled (GLD) students? Explanations which clearly define what it means to be gifted, learning disabled (LD) and gifted/learning disabled (GLD) are included and incorporated into a typology of three identities of GLD students.…

Krochak, Linda A.; Ryan, Thomas G.

2007-01-01

66

Is There a "Disability" for Learning a Foreign Language?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recently, talk of a new type of learning disability (LD)--a foreign language learning disability, or FLLD--has made its way into the LD and foreign language (FL) literature. However, no empirical evidence has been published to support the concept of a "disability" for FL learning by those professionals who use the term. In this article, the author…

Sparks, Richard L.

2006-01-01

67

Learning Disabled Adults in Postsecondary Education. 1987 Edition: Update.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The fact sheet provides basic information on postsecondary educational services for learning disabled (LD) adults. The handicap of learning disability is described and a brief checklist of typical characteristics of the learning disabled adult is provided. A discussion of options after high school precedes information on types of programs for LD…

Brill, Jay

68

Screening for Learning Disabilities in Adult Basic Education Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The extant literature offers little to describe the processes for screening students in adult basic education (ABE) programs for potential learning disabilities, referring adult students for diagnostic assessment, or barriers to obtaining diagnostic assessment for a learning disability. Without current documentation of a learning disability, ABE…

Reynolds, Sharon L.; Johnson, Jerry D.; Salzman, James A.

2012-01-01

69

A Time to Define: Making the Specific Learning Disability Definition Prescribe Specific Learning Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Unlike other special education categories defined in U.S. law (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act), the definition of specific learning disability (SLD) has not changed since first proposed in 1968. Thus, although the operational definition of SLD has responded to new knowledge and understanding about the construct, the formal definition…

Kavale, Kenneth A.; Spaulding, Lucinda S.; Beam, Andrea P.

2009-01-01

70

About Learning Disabilities and NF  

MedlinePLUS

... Kathryn North and the team from the NF1 Learning Disorders Clinic, The Children’s Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, NSW, ... biased study samples (e.g. participants obtained from learning disorders clinics). Despite these varying estimates, without intervention children ...

71

Comprehensive Assessment and Evaluation of Students with Learning Disabilities: A Paper Prepared by the National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities (NJCLD) strongly supports comprehensive assessment and evaluation of students with learning disabilities by a multidisciplinary team for the identification and diagnosis of students with learning disabilities. Comprehensive assessment of individual students requires the use of multiple data…

Learning Disability Quarterly, 2011

2011-01-01

72

Educational Alternatives for Students with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers is designed to provide an overview of validated practices that have been proven effective for children with language learning disabilities, preschool age through adolescence. The first section addresses oral language interventions, in "Preschool Language Intervention in the Classroom: Rationale and Organizational…

Vogel, Susan A., Ed.

73

Mathematics Education and Learning Disabilities in Spain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the first part of this article, we describe the basic objectives of the math curriculum in Spain as well as the basic contents, teacher resources, and obstacles perceived in mathematics instruction. Second, we briefly describe the concept of learning disabilities (LD) as they are currently defined in Spain. As stated in the recent educational…

Casas, A. M.; Castellar, R. G.

2004-01-01

74

Nonverbal learning disabilities: A critical review  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a critical review of the term and concept of nonverbal learning disability (NLD). After a brief historical introduction, the article focuses on the apparent rarity of NLD; the hypothesis of the frequent co-occurrence of emotional disorder, depression, and suicide in NLD; the white matter hypothesis as an explanation of the origin of NLD; and the question of

Otfried Spreen

2011-01-01

75

Learning Disabilities, Literacy, and Adult Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book deals with the long-neglected problem of learning disabilities (LDs) and the relationship of LDs to difficulties in the acquisition of literacy. Its 17 chapters are divided into 5 sections that begin with an opener to help the reader identify the main themes and content of each chapter in the section. Four chapters in Section I address…

Vogel, Susan A., Ed.; Reder, Stephen, Ed.

76

Career Guidance for Learning-Disabled Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning disabilities (LDs) describe a number of disorders that affect the way information is acquired, retained, organized, and understood. This article aims to address the critical issue of improving the career well-being of LD youth. It first examines several critical issues that affect LD high school students/youth in their career development.…

Chen, Charles P.; Chan, Janice

2014-01-01

77

PRESCHOOL PREDICTION AND PREVENTION OF LEARNING DISABILITIES.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE OBJECTIVES OF THIS INITIAL REPORT OF A FOUR-YEAR PROJECT WERE (1) TO DEMONSTRATE A METHOD FOR THE PREDICTION AND PREVENTION OF LEARNING DISABILITIES, (2) TO FOSTER UNDERSTANDING OF CHILD DEVELOPMENT AMONG TEACHERS, PARENTS, AND PHYSICIANS. SUBJECTS WERE THE 3 1/2 TO 5 1/2 YEAR OLD CHILDREN OF AN ENTIRE SCHOOL DISTRICT. RESEARCHERS WERE…

BEERY, KEITH E.

78

Developmental Dyscalculia Is a Familial Learning Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Siblings and parents of 39 children with dyscalculia were assessed for arithmetic, reading, and attention disorders. Findings indicated a familial prevalence of dyscalculia almost tenfold higher than expected for the general population and suggest that dyscalculia, like other learning disabilities, has a significant familial aggregation,…

Shalev, Ruth S.; Manor, Orly; Kerem, Batsheva; Ayali, Mady; Badichi, Navah; Friedlander, Yechiel; Gross-Tsur, Varda

2001-01-01

79

Group Hypnotherapy With Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of group hypnotic and self-hypnotic training on the academic performance and self-esteem of learning disabled children was explored. Three hypnotic training sessions and instructions for six weeks of daily self-hypnotic practice containing suggestions for imagery related to improvement in these areas were given to 15 children, their…

Johnson, Lynn S.; And Others

80

Learning Disabled Adults in Postsecondary Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Options in postsecondary education for adults and young adults with learning disabilities (LD) are examined. An introductory section considers characteristics of LD that present special problems, including difficulties in reading, writing, spelling, and/or using numerical concepts; distractability; difficulties with understanding or following…

Hartman, Rhona C.; Krulwich, Maxine T.

81

Educating Children with Learning Disabilities in Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increase in the number of slow learners and children with learning disabilities in schools in Africa has become a major issue and concern. The situation is reflected in various school-leaving examinations, where an average of 30 percent of the results are below average or failures each year. Although there are no statistical records available…

Abosi, Okey

2007-01-01

82

Students with Learning Disabilities in the Music Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are a number of disabilities that music educators may never encounter among their students in the music classroom; however, all music educators will have students with learning disabilities. Students with learning disabilities may have a variety of "presenting problems" that limit their academic and social success in the music classroom. The…

Darrow, Alice-Ann

2012-01-01

83

The Learning Disabilities Association of America's White Paper on Evaluation, Identification, and Eligibility Criteria for Students with Specific Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This White Paper project was undertaken to address the Learning Disabilities Association of America (LDA) concerns regarding the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEIA) of 2004 statutory and regulatory requirements for the identification of Specific Learning Disabilities (SLD), and the subsequent U. S. Department of…

Learning Disabilities Association of America, 2010

2010-01-01

84

45 CFR 1308.14 - Eligibility criteria: Learning disabilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...spelling or doing mathematical calculations. The term includes such conditions as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, and aphasia. (b) An evaluation team may recommend that a child be classified as having a learning disability if: (1) The...

2012-10-01

85

45 CFR 1308.14 - Eligibility criteria: Learning disabilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...spelling or doing mathematical calculations. The term includes such conditions as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, and aphasia. (b) An evaluation team may recommend that a child be classified as having a learning disability if: (1) The...

2013-10-01

86

45 CFR 1308.14 - Eligibility criteria: Learning disabilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...spelling or doing mathematical calculations. The term includes such conditions as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, and aphasia. (b) An evaluation team may recommend that a child be classified as having a learning disability if: (1) The...

2014-10-01

87

45 CFR 1308.14 - Eligibility criteria: Learning disabilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...spelling or doing mathematical calculations. The term includes such conditions as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, and aphasia. (b) An evaluation team may recommend that a child be classified as having a learning disability if: (1) The...

2011-10-01

88

Memory Processes in Learning Disability Subtypes of Children Born Preterm  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to evaluate immediate auditory and visual memory processes in learning disability subtypes of 40 children born preterm. Three subgroups of children were examined: (a) primary language disability group (n = 13), (b) perceptual-motor disability group (n = 14), and (c) no learning disability diagnosis group without identified language or perceptual-motor learning disability (n = 13). Between-group comparisons indicate no significant differences in immediate auditory or visual memory performances between language and perceptual-motor learning disability groups. Within-group comparisons revealed that both learning disability groups performed significantly lower on a task of immediate memory when the mode of stimulus presentation and mode of response were visual. PMID:22375897

McCoy, Thomasin E.; Conrad, Amy L.; Richman, Lynn C.; Nopoulos, Peg C.; Bell, Edward F.

2014-01-01

89

Social skill deficits and learning disabilities: a meta-analysis.  

PubMed

Over the past 15 years, increased attention has been directed at social skills and their relationship to learning disabilities. Using the methods of meta-analysis, this investigation explores the nature of social skill deficits among students with learning disabilities. Across 152 studies, quantitative synthesis shows that, on average, about 75% of students with learning disabilities manifest social skill deficits that distinguish them from comparison samples. Approximately the same level of group differentiation is found across different raters (teachers, peers, self) and across most dimensions of social competence. Although social skill deficits appear to be an integral part of the learning disability experience, a number of questions about the relationship between learning disability and social skill deficits remain unanswered. Until these questions are answered, social skill deficits are best viewed as one among many elements of the learning disability constellation, and no significant definitional changes related to social skill deficits appear warranted. PMID:8732884

Kavale, K A; Forness, S R

1996-05-01

90

School Shock: Learning Disability as a Dissociative Reaction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning disability is suggested to be a dissociative reaction (school shock) similar to shell shock in wartime requiring appropriate theoretical and remedial approaches. Psychoanalytic and learning theory viewpoints are applied to the nature of learning disabilities. Also considered are the relation of anxiety to achievement and hypnosis to…

Zitani, E. Alfredo

91

A Model for Learning Disability Assessment at the State University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning Skills Services, a federally funded student support service program, is responsible for learning disability assessment and provision of a continuum of services at Sonoma State University in Northern California. In response to the perceived lack of assessment and procedures standards for identifying learning-disabled students at the state…

Barrows, Patricia L.; And Others

1989-01-01

92

Perceived competence and intrinsic motivation in learning disability children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Harter's (1978) developmental model of effectance motivation provided a conceptual framework for this study. Self?ratings of perceived competence and motivational orientation were obtained from learning disability and normal children in the fourth through sixth grades. Teacher ratings were also obtained. Broadening the view of learning disorders to include these non?ability factors, it was hypothesized that learning disability children would have

Ann Lincoln; Saralea Chazan

1979-01-01

93

A Learning Paradox: Students Who Are Gifted and Learning Disabled  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this generic qualitative study was to determine how and to what extent educational programming affects the success of middle school students experiencing the contemporary phenomenon identified as gifted learning disabled (GLD). The research took place within the real-life context of the middle school these GLD students attended.…

Welsh, Cecilia Rose

2010-01-01

94

Common Pediatric Disabilities: Medical Aspects and Educational Implications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents definitions of common pediatric disabilities and information about incidence, causes, diagnosis, common characteristics, complications with educational implications, and multidisciplinary intervention approaches. It covers the following conditions: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, cerebral palsy, Down syndrome, fragile…

Tyler, Janet Siantz; Colson, Steven

1994-01-01

95

Screening for Offenders with an Intellectual Disability: The Validity of the Learning Disability Screening Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study assessed the validity of an intellectual disability screening tool, the Learning Disability Screening Questionnaire (LDSQ), in three forensic settings: a community intellectual disability forensic service; a forensic in-patient secure unit and a prison, using data for 94 individuals. A significant positive relationship was found between…

McKenzie, Karen; Michie, Amanda; Murray, Aja; Hales, Charlene

2012-01-01

96

A Model for Conducting Research with Learning Disabled Adolescents and Young Adults  

E-print Network

Issues from the field of learning disabilities and the field of education in general which impact the learning disabled individual are discussed as they relate to research with learning disabled adolescents and young adults ...

Meyen, Edward L.; Schiefelbusch, Richard L.; Deshler, Donald D.; Alley, Gordon R.; Schumaker, Jean B.; Clark, Frances L.

1980-01-01

97

Learning Abilities and Disabilities: Generalist Genes, Specialist Environments  

PubMed Central

Twin studies comparing identical and fraternal twins consistently show substantial genetic influence on individual differences in learning abilities such as reading and mathematics, as well as in other cognitive abilities such as spatial ability and memory. Multivariate genetic research has shown that the same set of genes is largely responsible for genetic influence on these diverse cognitive areas. We call these “generalist genes.” What differentiates these abilities is largely the environment, especially nonshared environments that make children growing up in the same family different from one another. These multivariate genetic findings of generalist genes and specialist environments have far-reaching implications for diagnosis and treatment of learning disabilities and for understanding the brain mechanisms that mediate these effects. PMID:20351764

Kovas, Yulia; Plomin, Robert

2007-01-01

98

Implications of the 2008 amendments to the Americans with Disabilities Act for medical education.  

PubMed

The statutory language of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) affords antidiscrimination protection to persons who have a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of the major life activities. The ADA comprises two major aspects: (1) whether one has a disability that qualifies for protection, and (2) if one does have a protected disability, whether the accommodations requested by the person with a disability are reasonable or unreasonable. Historically, many students who have challenged an institution's denial of accommodations in a court of law have been unsuccessful because they have been determined not to qualify as legally disabled. However, recent amendments to the ADA will affect how accommodation issues are handled by courts and, therefore, how medical colleges and other institutions make strategic decisions involving persons requesting special accommodations for learning disabilities under the ADA.In this article, the authors examine how the amendments to the ADA will affect the cases of persons with learning impairments who request special accommodations in medical education. This article focuses primarily on the issue of what constitutes a protected disability rather than on the reasonableness of accommodations. To examine this issue, the authors consider the narrow interpretations of the ADA that led to Congress enacting the amendments. The authors then discuss how the amendments might have influenced Wong v Regents of the University of California (2004). Finally, they examine the implications of the amendments for medical education and consider how they may affect a current case. PMID:21512367

Smith, W Thomas; Allen, William L

2011-06-01

99

Learning Disabilities in Children With Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Early exposure to androgens may be a cause of the higher incidence of learning disabilities among males. To test this hypothesis, we determined the frequency of learning disabilities, as measured by extent of Wechsler Verbal-Performance IQ discrepancy, among female patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia, who are exposed in utero to excess androgens for their sex. A significantly larger Verbal-Performance IQ

Ruth Nass; Susan Baker

1991-01-01

100

Menstrual Problems Experienced by Women with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Menstruation appears to be problematic for women with learning disabilities, yet there has been little quantitative research on their experiences, or comparisons with other groups of women. This paper considers the nature and extent of menstrual problems experienced by women with learning disabilities. Methods: The data reported here…

Rodgers, Jackie; Lipscombe, Jo; Santer, Miriam

2006-01-01

101

Algebra Progress Monitoring and Interventions for Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competence in algebra is linked to access to higher education, employment in better-paying jobs, and, increasingly, the ability to earn a high school diploma. For many students with learning disabilities, developing proficiency in algebra represents a challenging, but necessary goal. Teachers of students with learning disabilities need access to…

Foegen, Anne

2008-01-01

102

Skills for Support: Personal Assistants and People with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For people with learning disabilities to have control over their lives, the quality of their support staff matters. This paper reports on an inclusive research study, which used video analysis to study the communication skills of personal assistants (PAs) who worked with people with learning disabilities. The findings reveal some of the fine…

Williams, Val; Ponting, Lisa; Ford, Kerrie; Rudge, Philippa

2010-01-01

103

Automatized Processing in Learning Disabled Adults: RAN, RAS, and Reading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Measures of automaticity have shown different developmental trends in the speed and accuracy of processing in learning disabled (LD) and normally achieving children. This study extends this research to young adults, comparing the learning disabled with normal achievers. Its primary focus was to document the presence of basic processing deficits in…

Hutchens, Teresa A.

104

Academic Red-Shirting among Children with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study examined whether the parental practice of delayed kindergarten entrance, also known as academic red-shirting, was associated with gains in academic achievement among children with learning disabilities. Results indicate no significant differences in the academic achievement among children with learning disabilities who were…

Barnard-Brak, Lucy

2009-01-01

105

A Report of the California Community College Learning Disabled Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In spring 1982, a study was conducted of the programs and services for learning disabled average (LDA) students offered by California community colleges. The study sought to ascertain program characteristics, the means by which colleges identified adult students with specific learning disabilities, and the assessment tools used. Questionnaires…

Ostertag, Bruce A.; Baker, Ronald E.

106

Learning Disabilities and Juvenile Justice. Special Edition. Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This special newsletter issue on learning disabilities and juvenile justice includes statistics indicating unfavorable outcomes for many individuals with learning disabilities, presents findings of the Incarcerated Youth Task Force Report, and describes five successful programs for teaching reading. Articles include: "Parents Don't Care!--Or Do…

Tyner, Polly, Ed.

1995-01-01

107

Math and Science Strategies for English Learners with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students with learning disabilities have significantly lower achievement in math and science than students from the general population. If these students with learning disabilities also are English Learners, the challenges for success in math and science are even more difficult. Teachers need to infuse best practices into their classrooms to…

Peterson, Patricia; Johnson, Gae; Showalter, Stephen

2012-01-01

108

Early Identification of Learning Disabilities: A Comparison of Two Methods.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An unadjusted low-achievement criterion was compared with a regression-discrepancy criterion for identifying learning disabled children. The use of an unadjusted achievement raw score criterion resulted in misdiagnosing many children as learning disabled, while failing to identify many others. Different sets of predictor variables were associated…

Horn, Wade F.; O'Donnel, James P.

1984-01-01

109

School Shock: A Psychodynamic View of Learning Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning disability is seen to be a dissociative disorder (school shock) similar to shell shock in wartime. The shell shock model is explained to focus diagnosis and treatment of learning disabilities around the dynamics of the predisposing unconscious conflict, the dynamics in the environment, the mechanism which allows these two conditions to…

Zitani, E. Alfredo

110

The Learning Disabled University Student: A Synopsis of Applied Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper summarizes four presentations made by members of the Pennsylvania State University Program for Learning Disabled (LD) students. An initial section considers the definition of LD and reviews a study on diagnosing LD in 12 undergraduates. The existence of a foreign language disability in students with good attitudes toward learning a…

Gajar, Anna; And Others

111

The Sense and the Necessity of the Sciences in Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflections on the meaning and uses of science and observations about its implications in the study of learning disabilities are offered in this paper. The distinction between science and technology is examined and difficulties with society's absorption in pseudoscience or in science that has been oversimplified are discussed. The field of left…

Duane, Drake D.

112

Self-Efficacy and Stress of Staff Managing Challenging Behaviours of People with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Self-efficacy has been reported to play a significant role in stress levels of parents facing challenging behaviours of their children with learning disabilities. The role of self-efficacy has also been found to affect the stress levels of professional caregivers in such situations. To understand the implications of staff self-efficacy in…

Cudre-Mauroux, Annick

2011-01-01

113

The Effect of a Reading Accommodation on Standardized Test Scores of Learning Disabled and Non Learning Disabled Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effect of the Read Aloud accommodation on the performances of learning disabled in reading (LD-R) and non-learning disabled (non LD) middle school students was studied using selected texts from the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills (ITBS) achievement battery. Science, Usage and Expression, Math Problem Solving and Data Interpretation, and Reading…

Meloy, Linda L.; Deville, Craig; Frisbie, David

114

Patterns of postrotary nystagmus in three learning-disabled children.  

PubMed

This study explores the effect of a program of sensory integration therapy, with emphasis on vestibular stimulation activities, on the duration of postrotary nystagmus in three learning-disabled children. The single-subject methodology employed allowed a more individualistic and longitudinal investigation of nystagmus patterns in the three subjects. The graphic and statistical analysis of the data revealed that two of the three subjects evidenced significant changes in postrotary nystagmus durations over the 25-week period of the study. Subject 1, with initially low nystagmus durations, displayed an increase in duration, whereas subject 2, with initially normal postrotary nystagmus durations, exhibited a response decline in nystagmus durations. The postrotary nystagmus durations of subject 2 remained relatively stable across both the baseline and intervention periods. The therapeutic implications of the findings are discussed, and areas in need of additional investigation are highlighted. PMID:7148966

Ottenbacher, K

1982-10-01

115

Reasons University Students with a Learning Disability Wait to Seek Disability Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We interviewed 42 students with a learning disability attending a large competitive state university about their reasons for seeking disability services (DS) when they did and their transition services in high school. Students who sought services earlier performed better academically than students who postponed seeking services. All but eight…

Lightner, Kirsten L.; Kipps-Vaughan, Deborah; Schulte, Timothy; Trice, Ashton D.

2012-01-01

116

Scholarships for Students with Disabilities For Students with Learning Disabilities Website Deadline Amount Awarded  

E-print Network

Scholarships for Students with Disabilities For Students with Learning Disabilities Website Deadline Amount Awarded The Anne Ford and Allegra Ford Scholarship http://www.ncld.org/about-us/scholarships-aamp- awards/the-anne-ford-and-allegra-ford-scholarship-award Mid December $10,000.00 Anne and Matt Harbison

Carter, John

117

Learning Disability Documentation in Higher Education: What Are Students Submitting?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the supporting documentation submitted by students with learning disability (LD) diagnoses. The participants were 210 students who were enrolled in a college support program for students with disabilities at a private liberal arts college. Findings showed that although most students submitted a psychoeducational evaluation,…

Sparks, Richard L.; Lovett, Benjamin J.

2014-01-01

118

Is Response to Intervention Good Policy for Specific Learning Disability?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The reauthorized Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEA) established new provisions for specific learning disability (SLD) identification, including: (a) no longer requiring consideration of IQ-achievement discrepancy and (b) permitting response to intervention (RTI) as part of SLD evaluation procedures. We discuss several…

Kavale, Kenneth A.; Spaulding, Lucinda S.

2008-01-01

119

SERVICES FOR STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES CENTER FOR TEACHING AND LEARNING  

E-print Network

will not be processed until I have submitted disability documentation meeting SSD's guidelines (http://ddce.utexas.edu/disability/documentation and Learning (CTL). Requests will not be processed until both the Request for Placement Exam Accommodations and supporting medical documentation completed by a qualified clinical professional or health care provider have

Texas at Austin, University of

120

Teaching College Students with Learning Disabilities. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This digest summarizes the issues involved in the instruction of college students with learning disabilities and offers a practical approach to teaching these students. It notes first that disability law at the college level is not as prescriptive as that for the elementary secondary level. Since the instructional climate in higher education is…

Shaw, Stan F.; Scott, Sally S.; McGuire, Joan M.

121

Learning to Achieve: A Review of the Research Literature on Serving Adults with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings from "Learning to Achieve: A Review of the Research Literature on Serving Adults With Learning Disabilities" will inform a new professional development program to be offered to practitioners and others working with adults with learning disabilities (LD). The six topics covered in the review--assessment, English language learners,…

Taymans, Juliana M.; Swanson, H. Lee; Schwarz, Robin L.; Gregg, Noel; Hock, Michael; Gerber, Paul J.

2009-01-01

122

Why Students with Learning Disabilities Need No Child Left Behind  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document summarizes the reasons No Child Left Behind is important to students with learning disabilities. The sections include: Lack of Educational Benefit; Lack of Qualified Teachers; Lack of Expectataions; and Lack of Accountability.

National Center for Learning Disabilities, 2004

2004-01-01

123

"You Have To Learn Who Comes with the Disability": Students' Reflections on Service Learning Experiences with Peers Labeled with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents knowledge about disability issues that seven undergraduate students constructed through participation in a semester-long service learning class. In-depth interviews and examination of reflective journals revealed that students used their experiences to question the nature of relationships with people with disabilities, the…

Smith, Valerie M.

2003-01-01

124

Rights not restrictions for learning disabled adults: a response to Spiecker and Steutel.  

PubMed

What follows is a response to an article by Spiecker and Steutel in which they pose the question of whether sex between people with "mental retardation" (sic) is morally permissible and in which they argue that since many such people cannot give "valid consent", the additional consent of caretakers may be required. However, we argue that the term "mental retard" is offensive and that either the UK terminology ("the learning disabled") or the internationally accepted term ("intellectually disabled") are more acceptable. Moreover, we point out that Spiecker and Steutel are mistaken. Many "learning disabled" people can and do give "valid consent". In any case, their question is itself dubious. Why should two learning disabled people who want to have sex together need anyone else's consent? In addition, we briefly address the rights of the learning disabled to the same sexual freedom as others, on the one hand, and to freedom from sexual exploitation on the other hand. Finally, we consider the implications of these issues for moral education. We suggest that carers need to develop empathy and, where necessary, advocacy skills. We point to the existence of training programmes on sexuality and protection issues. PMID:15027441

Leicester, Mal; Cooke, Pam

2002-06-01

125

Callosal size in children with learning disabilities.  

PubMed

The corpus callosum (CC), the main structure subserving hemispheric collaboration, that is necessary for efficient cognitive functioning, undergoes developmental processes such as axonal retraction and myelination. Callosal growth therefore is vulnerable for adverse events such as perinatal asphyxia, but there are also genetic and epigenetic factors that determine form and thickness. MRI scans of 110 children, either with specific learning disabilities (LD), i.e. dysphasia/dyslexia, or with several degrees of general LD, showed callosa that were highly variable in size. The callosal size corrected for brain size did not vary significantly according to the severity of the LD, although it tended to be smaller in severe LD, i.e. mental retardation. Callosal size varied however, due to the likely presence of genetic influences or of adverse perinatal events. Children with familial dysphasia/dyslexia, had a thicker CC, possibly reflecting a poorly understood neurodevelopmental mechanism that inhibits the establishment of cerebral dominance. LD children (all subgroups together) with perinatal adverse events had a smaller CC than the familial cases, suggesting CC damage. Despite a multitude of developmental factors influencing the final size, this study suggests that total callosal size, supposedly linked to interhemispheric function, may contribute to the pathophysiological mechanisms that give rise to LD. PMID:7530964

Njiokiktjien, C; de Sonneville, L; Vaal, J

1994-10-20

126

Learning disabilities and the college student: identification and diagnosis.  

PubMed

The identification and diagnosis of a learning disability in the college student are complex tasks. They constitute important tasks when we realize that 720,000 college students (6 percent, if we assume that there are 12 million in college today) may be learning disabled ( Astin 1983). It is evident that children with learning disabilities are at risk for psychological and social problems in adolescence and young adulthood ( Bellak 1979; Crabtree 1981; Cruikshank et al. 1980; Horowitz 1981). There is a risk that the learning disability will not be identified, and, hence, the problem will be treated as only a psychogenic one. Unfortunately, this will tend to contribute not only to the student's feelings of guilt, stupidity, and inability to change but also to the clinician's sense of frustration. The description of the learning disabled college student and the two-step identification process in this chapter provides guidelines to aid understanding of these issues. Most colleges have not yet come to grips with what it means to have learning disabled students in terms of teaching, academic evaluation, diagnosis, and college counseling. To do so is important not only because of recent laws that guarantee equal educational opportunity for these students but also because a learning disability, whether overt or covert, can profoundly affect a person's educational and psychosocial development. It has often been said that the capacity to love and work is the foundation for the healthy adult. It is easy to see how academic learning is the work of the college student and educational success or failure is linked integrally to self-esteem and self-love. PMID:6677152

Cohen, J

1983-01-01

127

Implementation of a Program for the Prevention of Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper describes Florida's SEARCH and TEACH program designed to prevent learning disabilities and their emotional consequences in children. SEARCH, a scanning test to identify kindergarten children at risk for problems with academic learning, is based upon the importance of age appropriate functions of spatial orientation and temporal…

Silver, Archie A.

128

Verbal Memory and Semantic Organization of Children with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined the verbal learning performance and the semantic organization used by Greek reading-disabled readers as compared to a control group using a list-learning task. The sample consisted of 45 elementary school children with reading difficulties and 45 comparison children matched for age and gender. Tests of reading ability,…

Polychroni, Fotini; Economou, Alexandra; Printezi, Anna; Koutlidi, Ifigeneia

2011-01-01

129

Working Together: Computers and People with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief paper considers ways in which people with learning disabilities can benefit from both mainstream and specialized computer hardware and software. First, definitions are provided of terminology, including terms such as dysgraphia, dyscalculia, dyspraxia, non-verbal learning disorder, and dyslexia. Discussion of the role of assistive…

Washington Univ., Seattle.

130

Complicating, Not Explicating: Taking up Philosophy in Learning Disability Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides an introduction to theoretical ideas and practices from the so-called "philosophers of difference"--Foucault, Derrida, and Deleuze and Guattari--as an invitation to think differently about the construction of learning disability and to envision new forms of learning. Two key concepts, Foucault's transgression and Deleuze and…

Allan, Julie

2011-01-01

131

Teaching Kids with Learning Disabilities to Take Public Transit  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Taking public transit can make anyone nervous, especially in a large or medium-sized city where there are many different bus lines going many different places. The author's daughter, Anna, has multiple learning disabilities and may never learn to drive, but she wants to be as independent as possible so the author taught her to ride the bus. This…

Schoenfeld, Jane

2009-01-01

132

Social Skills of Slovenian Primary School Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social skills of students with special needs play a very important role in their successful integration into inclusive learning environments. The aim of present empirical research was to establish whether students with learning disabilities (LD) attending grades 7-9 of regular primary school in Slovenia experience difficulties in social skills…

Schmidt, Majda; Prah, Alenka; Cagran, Branka

2014-01-01

133

Yes, There's Hope for Adults With Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A program for adults with learning disabilities is being conducted at the Educational Testing and Learning Clinic (ETLC) at Orange Coast College (OCC). The program has five components. In order to enroll, the student's basic skill level must be below the eighth grade in reading, spelling, and writing, and below the sixth grade in mathematics. The…

Spear, Barbara E.

134

An Investigation into the Public Health Roles of Community Learning Disability Nurses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

International studies have shown poor uptake of public health initiatives by people with learning disabilities. In addition, studies have shown that people with learning disabilities experience poor access to public health services. The contribution of community learning disability nurses in meeting the public health needs of people with learning

Mafuba, Kay; Gates, Bob

2015-01-01

135

Improving Instruction for Students with Learning Disabilities: The Results of Three Research Syntheses. Keys to Successful Learning: A National Summit on Research in Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet presents three brief papers that summarize three meta-analytic research syntheses of instruction for students with learning disabilities. The first paper is "Intervention Research for Students with Learning Disabilities" by H. Lee Swanson. Findings that resulted from a review of 272 studies are grouped into those on most effective…

National Center for Learning Disabilities, Inc., New York, NY.

136

An exploration of equitable science teaching practices for students with learning disabilities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, a mixed methods approach was used to gather descriptive exploratory information regarding the teaching of science to middle grades students with learning disabilities within a general education classroom. The purpose of this study was to examine teachers' beliefs and their practices concerning providing equitable opportunities for students with learning disabilities in a general education science classroom. Equitable science teaching practices take into account each student's differences and uses those differences to inform instructional decisions and tailor teaching practices based on the student's individualized learning needs. Students with learning disabilities are similar to their non-disabled peers; however, they need some differentiation in instruction to perform to their highest potential achievement levels (Finson, Ormsbee, & Jensen, 2011). In the quantitative phase, the purpose of the study was to identify patterns in the beliefs of middle grades science teachers about the inclusion of students with learning disabilities in the general education classroom. In the qualitative phase, the purpose of the study was to present examples of instruction in the classrooms of science education reform-oriented middle grades science teachers. The quantitative phase of the study collected data from 274 sixth through eighth grade teachers in the State of Florida during the 2007--2008 school year using The Teaching Science to Students with Learning Disabilities Inventory. Overall, the quantitative findings revealed that middle grades science teachers held positive beliefs about the inclusion of students with learning disabilities in the general education science classroom. The qualitative phase collected data from multiple sources (interviews, classroom observations, and artifacts) to develop two case studies of reform-oriented middle grades science teachers who were expected to provide equitable science teaching practices. Based on their responses to The Teaching Science to Students with Learning Disabilities Inventory, the case study teachers demonstrated characteristics of successful teachers of diverse learners developed by Lynch (2000). Overall, the qualitative findings revealed that the case study teachers were unsure how to provide equitable science teaching practices to all students, particularly to students with learning disabilities. They provided students with a variety of learning experiences that entailed high expectations for all; however, these experiences were similar for all students. Had the teachers fully implemented equitable science teaching practices, students would have had multiple options for taking in the information and making sense of it in each lesson. Teaching that includes using a variety of validated practices that take into account students' individualized learning needs can promote aspects of equitable science teaching practices. Finally, this study provides implications for teacher education programs and professional development programs. As teachers implement science education reform efforts related to equitable science teaching practices, both teacher education programs and professional development programs should include opportunities for teachers to reflect on their beliefs about how students with learning disabilities learn and provide them with a variety of validated teaching practices that will assist them in teaching students with learning disabilities in the general education classroom while implementing science reform efforts.

Morales, Marlene

137

Examining the Experiences of Educators Who Have Disabilities: Implications for Enhancing Diversity in Teacher Education Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study described here investigated the training and employment experiences of educators with disabilities. Participants included 25 educators (17 female and 8 male) with a variety of disabilities (physical disabilities, health impairments, or medical conditions; learning disabilities; acquired brain injuries; visual impairments; hearing…

Keller, Clayton E.; And Others

138

Managing specific learning disability in schools in India.  

PubMed

Specific learning disability (dyslexia, dysgraphia, and dyscalculia) afflicts 5-15% of school-going children. Over the last decade; awareness about this invisible handicap has grown in India. However, much needs to be done to ensure that each afflicted child gets an opportunity to achieve his or her full academic potential in regular mainstream schools. In order to achieve this ideal scenario, all regular classroom teachers should be sensitized to suspect, and trained to screen for this disability when the child is in primary school. School managements should become proactive to set up resource rooms and employ special educators to ensure that these children receive regular and affordable remedial education; and be diligent in ensuring that these children get the mandatory provisions both during school and board examinations. Once specific learning disability is recognized as a disability by the Government of India, these children with the backing of the Right to Education Act, would be able to benefit significantly. PMID:21813921

Karande, Sunil; Sholapurwala, Rukhshana; Kulkarni, Madhuri

2011-07-01

139

Visual and Phonological Spelling Errors in Subtypes of Children with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The hypothesis investigated is that children with a reading disability understand and use sound-spelling correspondence rules less frequently in spelling than children with other learning disabilities (arithmetic disability) and normally achieving children. Results showed that subtypes of learning-disabled children use spelling strategies that are…

Lennox, Carolyn; Siegel, Linda S.

1993-01-01

140

Teacher response to learning disability: a test of attributional principles.  

PubMed

Attribution research has identified student ability and effort expended as causes of achievement outcomes that result in differing teacher affect, evaluative feedback, and expectation of future performance. Ninety-seven elementary-school general education teachers (84 women and 13 men) rated their responses to the test failures of hypothetical boys with and without learning disabilities. In most cases, greater reward and less punishment, less anger and more pity, and higher expectations of future failure followed the negative outcomes of the boys with learning disabilities, when compared with their nondisabled ability and effort matches, indicating that learning disability acts as a cause of achievement outcomes in the same way as ability and effort. This pattern of teacher affect and response can send negative messages that are often interpreted as low-ability cues, thus affecting students' self-esteem, sense of competence as learners, and motivation to achieve. PMID:9009874

Clark, M D

1997-01-01

141

Sheep or Goats? Learning Disabilities and Educational Services for Children with Special Needs: A Canadian Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented at the First National Conference on Learning Disabilities in Ottawa, Canada in October, 1977, the article discusses learning disabilities and their appropriate special educational services in Canada, focusing on the processes of categorization and labeling. (DLS)

Kendall, David

1977-01-01

142

The Learning Disabilities Unit at the State College of Optometry/SUNY.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Learning Disabilities Unit of New York's State College of Optometry, providing testing and research for learning disabled adults and children and professional instruction and clinical experience for students of optometry and related fields, is described. (MSE)

Solan, Harold A.; Springer, Florence E.

1986-01-01

143

Money, Finance and the Personalisation Agenda for People with Learning Disabilities in the UK: Some Emerging Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the UK, policy on adult social care places an emphasis on maximising choice and control for service users, including people with learning disabilities. The shift from the provision of organised services for groups of people to offering individual and personal budgets and pots of money for people to buy their own services has major implications

Abbott, David; Marriott, Anna

2013-01-01

144

Orthographic Learning and the Role of Text-to-Speech Software in Dutch Disabled Readers.  

PubMed

In this study, we examined whether orthographic learning can be demonstrated in disabled readers learning to read in a transparent orthography (Dutch). In addition, we tested the effect of the use of text-to-speech software, a new form of direct instruction, on orthographic learning. Both research goals were investigated by replicating Share's self-teaching paradigm. A total of 65 disabled Dutch readers were asked to read eight stories containing embedded homophonic pseudoword targets (e.g., Blot/Blod), with or without the support of text-to-speech software. The amount of orthographic learning was assessed 3 or 7 days later by three measures of orthographic learning. First, the results supported the presence of orthographic learning during independent silent reading by demonstrating that target spellings were correctly identified more often, named more quickly, and spelled more accurately than their homophone foils. Our results support the hypothesis that all readers, even poor readers of transparent orthographies, are capable of developing word-specific knowledge. Second, a negative effect of text-to-speech software on orthographic learning was demonstrated in this study. This negative effect was interpreted as the consequence of passively listening to the auditory presentation of the text. We clarify how these results can be interpreted within current theoretical accounts of orthographic learning and briefly discuss implications for remedial interventions. PMID:23686998

Staels, Eva; Van den Broeck, Wim

2015-01-01

145

Anxiety and Depression in Children With Nonverbal Learning Disabilities, Reading Disabilities, or Typical Development.  

PubMed

The main goal of the present study was to shed further light on the psychological characteristics of children with different learning disability profiles aged between 8 and 11 years, attending from third to sixth grade. Specifically, children with nonverbal learning disabilities (NLD), reading disabilities (RD), or a typical development (TD) were tested. In all, 15 children with NLD, 15 with RD, and 15 with TD were administered self-report questionnaires to assess different types of anxiety and depression symptoms. Both NLD and RD children reported experiencing more generalized and social anxiety than TD, the NLD children reported more severe anxiety about school and separation than TD, and the children with RD had worse depressive symptoms than those with NLD or TD. PMID:24733818

Mammarella, Irene C; Ghisi, Marta; Bomba, Monica; Bottesi, Gioia; Caviola, Sara; Broggi, Fiorenza; Nacinovich, Renata

2014-04-14

146

The Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children (K-ABC) in the Assessment of Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined whether Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children (K-ABC) could discriminate between learning disabled and normal preadolescents. Tested 43 learning disabled (LD) students and 20 students without learning disabilities. Results indicated that the Achievement score relative to the Mental Processing Composite score was the only measure to…

Rethazi, Maya; Wilson, Anne Keeton

1988-01-01

147

Physiological Uniqueness: A New Perspective on the Learning Disabled/Gifted Child.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A body of psychoeducational data were gathered on 11 children (ages 8-14) who were gifted and learning disabled. Results from brain imaging and vision testing for hyperacuity and contrast sensitivity suggest that the interaction of high ability and learning disability results in brain and vision patterns unique to the learning-disabled/gifted…

Bireley, Marlene; And Others

1992-01-01

148

Frames of Reference for the Assessment of Learning Disabilities: New Views on Measurement Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book offers 27 papers addressing critical issues in the assessment of students with all kinds of learning disabilities. Papers have the following titles and authors: "Critical Issues in the Measurement of Learning Disabilities" (G. Reid Lyon); "A Matrix of Decision Points in the Measurement of Learning Disabilities" (Barbara K. Keogh);…

Lyon, G. Reid, Ed.

149

Paradigms Lost: Learning Disabilities and the New Ghost in the Old Machine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This critique of H. Lee Swanson's "Toward a Metatheory of Learning Disabilities" comments on Swanson's concept of learning disabilities, cognitive science, and information processing theory. A different research and theory-building agenda is proposed, focusing on society's definition of learning disabilities and instructional issues and using…

Carnine, Douglas; Woodward, John

1988-01-01

150

Awareness among Teachers of Learning Disabilities in Students at Different Board Levels  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning disability is a complex phenomenon to understand. There are many connotations of learning disabilities thus even today it creates confusion in the mind of the general public and the professionals. Learning disability is a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or using spoken or written…

Mehta, Deepti

2006-01-01

151

A Study of Cognitive Characters and Cognitive Strategy Training of Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article analyzes the matter of cognition of learning disabilities, and tries to explore the characters of learning disabilities' cognitive process. On the basis of mainstream cognitive strategy training, the problems that should be noticed in the process of learning disabilities ' cognitive strategy training are discussed.

Xueyun Shi

152

Learning Disabilities in Children's and Adolescent Literature: How Are Characters Portrayed?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ninety fictional children's books that portrayed at least one character with a learning disability were analyzed. Most characters with learning disabilities were dynamic and were the main character. Most commonly, the learning disability was in reading and written language and services were received in a resource room. (Contains references.) (CR)

Prater, Mary Anne

2003-01-01

153

An Analysis of Individualized Education Program Goals Selected for Learning-Disabled Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study was designed to analyze the types and frequencies of individualized education program (IEP) goals selected for 102 elementary learning disabled students in resource rooms (LDR) and 94 learning disabled students in self-contained classrooms (LDSC) and to compare the learning disabilities teachers' assessments of progress made on the goals…

McCormick, Paula K.; Fisher, Maurice D.

154

Substance Abuse and Learning Disabilities: Peas in a Pod or Apples and Oranges?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper was developed as a result of a 1999 conference on substance abuse and learning disabilities. An introductory chapter urges early identification of learning disabilities and appropriate treatment for both problems when they co-exist. The second chapter discusses the differences between learning disabilities and behavioral disorders, the…

Columbia Univ., New York, NY. National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse.

155

Differences in Delinquency among Children with and without Learning Disabilities: A Meta-Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation presents the results of a meta-analysis of the empirical literature on delinquent behavior among children with learning disabilities in comparison to their non-learning disabled peers. Twenty-four studies met inclusion criteria and results indicated that children with learning disabilities (n = 3,202) have higher mean scores on…

Evans, Mary K.

2012-01-01

156

The Effects of Learning Disabilities on a Child's Self-Concept.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The review of the literature focuses on research assessing the effects of learning disabilities on a child's self-concept. After an introduction, definitions of "learning disabilities" and "self-concept" are offered. The literature on effects of learning disabilities on self-concept in elementary, middle, and high school age children is then…

Avazian, Karyn Lorraine Wood

157

University Staff Members' Attitudes and Knowledge about Learning Disabilities and Disability Support Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation examined university staff members' attitudes towards students with learning disabilities (LD) at the postsecondary level. Although prior research has examined university faculty perceptions of students with LD, little is known about staff members' attitudes and perceptions. A survey instrument was administered to approximately…

Murray, Christopher; Flannery, Brigid K.; Wren, Carol

2008-01-01

158

Social Skills: An Awareness Program with Learning Disabled Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fifteen learning disabled adolescents who participated in a social skills awareness program involving discussion and filmstrips significantly improved their posttest scores on the Piers-Harris Children's Self-Concept Scale and on the Fundamental Interpersonal Relations Orientation-Behavior, compared to a conrol group. No significant differences…

Wanat, Paul E.

1983-01-01

159

Teaching the History of Science to Students with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article offers a guide to teaching the history of science to students with learning disabilities and provides a lesson template designed to engage students in a specific science event from the past. Activities including hypothesis testing and an historical role-play teach the vocabulary of natural selection and evolution using the landmarked…

Appelget, Jeanne; Matthews, Catherine E.; Hildreth, David P.; Daniel, Michael L.

2002-01-01

160

Peer Acceptance of Learning Disabled Children in the Regular Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Low socially accepted learning-disabled intermediate-grade students (N=86) were paired with 86 high socially accepted, nonhandicapped classmates for 8 weeks in 4 groups: mutual interest group, cooperative academic task group, Hawthorne effect/control group, and classroom control group. Evaluated were changes in classmates' ratings of…

Fox, C. Lynn

1989-01-01

161

Designing Online Instruction for Postsecondary Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research details the methodologies that could be used to better deliver online course content to students with learning disabilities. Research has shown how the design of the course affects the students' attitudes and performance. This article details the methodology and pedagogical side of the delivery including instructional methods that…

Simoncelli, Andrew; Hinson, Janice

2010-01-01

162

Cognitive and Emotional Factors in Children with Mathematical Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emotional and cognitive factors were examined in 18 children with mathematical learning disabilities (MLD), compared with 18 normally achieving children, matched for chronological age, school level, gender and verbal IQ. Working memory, short-term memory, inhibitory processes, speed of processing and level of anxiety in mathematics were assessed…

Passolunghi, Maria Chiara

2011-01-01

163

Cognitive and Emotional Factors in Children with Mathematical Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Emotional and cognitive factors were examined in 18 children with mathematical learning disabilities (MLD), compared with 18 normally achieving children, matched for chronological age, school level, gender and verbal IQ. Working memory, short?term memory, inhibitory processes, speed of processing and level of anxiety in mathematics were assessed in the two groups. The results corroborated the hypothesis that children with MLD

Maria Chiara Passolunghi

2011-01-01

164

Child Abuse: Growth Failure, IQ Deficit, and Learning Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author reviews research on early deprivation and neglect and recounts his own experience with children whose dwarfism is attributed to abuse or neglect. The existence of specific learning disability and diminished IQ in many of these children is cited. The author suggests further attention to the problem. (CL)

Money, John

1982-01-01

165

Teaching social perceptual skills to students with learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated the effects of descriptive feedback and reinforcement on the acquisition and exhibition of social perceptual skills in three students with identified learning disabilities and social perceptual deficits. The students rated their teacher's affect based on six emotions, and received feedback regarding the accuracy of their ratings plus reinforcement for accurate ratings. Descriptive feedback and reinforcement resulted in a

Andrew B. Sandier; Jane Y. Murdock; Elizabeth Dofny; Paul J. Gerber

1991-01-01

166

Suggested Equipment and Materials List for Learning Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is a list of suggested equipment and material for educating learning disabled, younger and older trainable retarded, emotionally disturbed and socially maladjusted, homebound/hospitalized, speech handicapped, elementary and secondary mentally retarded, visually handicapped, and hearing impaired children. Information on materials usually…

Palm Beach County Board of Public Instruction, West Palm Beach, FL.

167

The Learning Disability Phenomenon in Pursuit of Axioms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The social epistemologist studies the basic nature of knowledge and defines axioms as statements of absolute truths that are undeniable, inescapable, and devoid of most uncertainties (Machan, 1985). The accidental phenomenon of learning disabilities (LD) has pursued the scientific truths in axioms for 42 years. Writing facts and perceptions…

Healey, William C.

2005-01-01

168

Technology-Based Practices for Secondary Students with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review was conducted of the literature on technology-based practices for secondary students with learning disabilities. Technology-based practices included computer- or video-based interventions, multimedia programs, technology-based assessment, and verbatim audio recordings. Three practices appear promising: hypertext and hypermedia software…

Maccini, Paula; Gagnon, Joseph Calvin; Hughes, Charles A.

2002-01-01

169

For the Learning Disabled, a Team Approach to College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a privately operated residential program called College Living Experience, a for-profit company, caters to a growing number of students with learning disabilities, Asperger's syndrome, and various emotional or behavioral disorders. The program has a team of full-time staff members helping students with their social and…

Lipka, Sara

2006-01-01

170

Central Park: A Humanities Curriculum for Children with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual reflects the highlights of an urban park study developed and tested over a 6-year period at the Churchill School, an elementary school for children with learning disabilities. This book makes possible an integrated study that develops understandings in natural science and the social studies along with reading, writing, and language…

Wurtzel, Claire

171

Modes of Imprinted Gene Action in Learning Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: It is now widely acknowledged that there may be a genetic contribution to learning disability and neuropsychiatric disorders, stemming from evidence provided by family, twin and adoption studies, and from explicit syndromic conditions. Recently it has been recognized that in some cases the presentation of genetic syndromes (or discrete…

Isles, A. R.; Humby, T.

2006-01-01

172

Optimising Web Site Designs for People with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much relevant internet-mediated information is inaccessible to people with learning disabilities because of difficulties in navigating the web. This paper reports on the methods undertaken to determine how information can be optimally presented for this cohort. Qualitative work is outlined where attributes relating to site layout affecting…

Williams, Peter; Hennig, Christian

2015-01-01

173

Online Learning and Students with Disabilities: Parent Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While research has been conducted on parental involvement in K-12 online learning, none of this research relates specifically to the parents of students with disabilities. Thus, researchers developed a survey around the following constructs: parental roles, instruction and assessment, communication and support from the school, and parental…

Burdette, Paula J.; Greer, Diana L.

2014-01-01

174

New Angles on Motor and Sensory Coordination in Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of presentations that were included in the Medical Symposium at the 1998 Learning Disabilities Association conference. The symposium addressed vestibular control and eye movement, postural sway and balance, cerebellar dysfunction, the role of the frontal lobe, developmental coordination disorder, and sensory integration…

Goldey, Ellen S.

1998-01-01

175

Learning among Older Adults with Lifelong Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article includes a description of conceptions of aging and engagement with learning for 16 older people (52 to 80 years; mean age 62 years) with a lifelong intellectual disability. The sample also included the care workers and family member/friend. The older people had sufficient verbal skills to participate in the interviews. Half the sample…

Boulton-Lewis, G. M.; Buys, L.; Tedman-Jones, J.

2008-01-01

176

Growth in Emotional Intelligence. Psychotherapy with a Learning Disabled Girl  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the once-weekly psychoanalytic psychotherapy of a girl, called Ellie, aged eight at the start of her treatment. Ellie had a learning disability and displayed difficult behaviour at school and at home. In her therapy, Ellie grew in emotional intelligence, more in touch with and able to express her feelings. Her behaviour…

Chantrell, Sue

2009-01-01

177

The Apophasis of Limits: Genius, Madness, and Learning Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, the author sidles up to the "problema" of identifying children as having a learning disability (LD) in the USA to ascertain what an analysis of limping characters, limping readers and limping rhythms might teach individuals about justice. In much current educational literature children labelled LD circulate as "maimed individuals"…

Baker, Bernadette

2007-01-01

178

Comparison of Ecological Validity of Learning Disabilities Diagnostic Models  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to examine models designed for the determination of a learning disability and compare them to specific criteria to determine whether the given diagnostic process is ecological in nature. The traditional child-centered deficit model (CCD), Relative Achievement Discrepancy model (RAD), and Responsiveness to…

Dean, Vincent J.; Burns, Matthew K.; Grialou, Tina; Varro, Patrick J.

2006-01-01

179

An Exploration of Community Learning Disability Nurses' Therapeutic Role  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This literature review and primary qualitative research explores therapeutic role from the perspective of Community Learning Disability Nurses. Semi-structured interviews, based on Critical Incident Technique ("Psychol Bull", 51, 1954, 327), and descriptive phenomenological methodology were adopted to elicit data amenable to systematic content…

Marsham, Marian

2012-01-01

180

Middle Latency Response in Children with Learning Disabilities: Preliminary Findings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Simultaneous recordings of auditory brainstem and middle latency responses were obtained in both vertex-ipsilateral and vertex-contralateral derivations in 22 children, ages 8-12. For specific recording conditions, the latencies of middle latency responses differ significantly between children with and without learning disabilities, offering…

Arehole, Shalini; And Others

1995-01-01

181

Beating the Odds: Helping Learning-Disabled Students Succeed.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Lab School of Washington (LSW) is one school that has had remarkable success in helping learning-disabled students beat the odds for failure. In a recent study of 4 graduating classes, there were no dropouts, and the rate for entering college was more than 73%. The philosophy of the school and its implementation is discussed. (JPS)

Fox, Lynn H.; And Others

1995-01-01

182

Discrepancy Dinosaurs and the Evolution of Specific Learning Disability Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifying Specific Learning Disability (SLD) has been an arduous task. Until IDEA 2004, diagnosing SLD was limited to IQ discrepancy models lacking in both empirical evidence and contributing to minority over-representation. This paper examines the history of SLD assessment, the phenomena of minority over-representation, and the implementation…

Moores-Abdool, Whitney; Unzueta, Caridad H.; Vazquez Donet, Dolores; Bijlsma, Eduard

2008-01-01

183

The "Learning Disabilities to Juvenile Detention" Pipeline: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adolescents becoming formally involved with a juvenile court because of school-related behavior and discipline problems is a phenomenon known as the school-to-prison pipeline. Adolescents with learning disabilities are disproportionately represented within this pipeline. A study was conducted to review the outcomes for a population of youthful…

Mallett, Christopher A.

2014-01-01

184

The cognitive phenotype of Turner syndrome: Specific learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Global descriptors of the cognitive phenotype of Turner syndrome are well established and are thus commonly referred to. For example, Turner syndrome is a proposed etiology of the nonverbal learning disability – because of reported relative strengths in verbal skills, and relatively weaker nonverbal skills – particularly in arithmetic, select visuospatial skills, and processing speed. This profile is observed throughout

Michèle M. M. Mazzocco

2006-01-01

185

Qualitative Differences in Learning Disabilities across Postsecondary Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many college students receiving accommodations for specific learning disability (SLD) do not meet objective criteria for the disorder. Furthermore, whether students meet criteria depends on the diagnostic decision model used by their clinician. The authors examined whether the relationship between diagnostic model and likelihood of meeting…

Weis, Robert; Sykes, Lauryn; Unadkat, Devanshi

2012-01-01

186

Identification and Remediation of Learning Disability Subtypes: Preliminary Findings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current literature on identification and instructional remediation of subtypes of learning-disabled readers (LDR) are reviewed. Preliminary findings suggest that not all LDR children manifest the same oral language, memory, and perceptual deficits that impede decoding accuracy and efficiency and all do not respond equally well (or poorly) to the…

Lyon, G. Reid

1985-01-01

187

Use of the Dichotic Listening Technique with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dichotic listening (DL) techniques have been used extensively as a non-invasive procedure to assess language lateralization among children with and without learning disabilities (LD), and with individuals who have other auditory system related brain disorders. Results of studies using DL have indicated that language is lateralized in children with…

Obrzut, John E.; Mahoney, Emery B.

2011-01-01

188

Reading and Learning-Disabled Children: Understanding the Problem  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors assess the evidence related to various instructional styles for teaching reading to children with learning disabilities. Results of the literature review indicate that whole language and direct instruction are the two major approaches to teaching reading. Whole language has proven successful for many students with…

Martin, Don; Martin, Magy; Carvalho, Kathleen

2008-01-01

189

Services for Learning Disabled Adults in California's Community Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the 1980's, a series of studies have been conducted to examine assessment strategies, teaching methodologies, core services, and delivery systems for Learning Disabled Average (LDA) adults in California's community colleges. Study findings included the following: (1) between 1981-82 and 1985-86, the number of formal programs for LDA adults…

Ostertag, Bruce A.; And Others

190

Students with Learning Disabilities in an Inclusive Writing Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a case study on two fourth grade students with learning disabilities in two different writing situations: writing for test preparation and writing for digital stories. The students' writing behaviors, processes, and products in these two settings are contrasted. The differences in the students' writing experiences…

Jacobs, Patricia; Fu, Danling

2014-01-01

191

Effectiveness of Dysphagia Training for Adult Learning Disabilities Support Workers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effectiveness of a 1-day dysphagia training package delivered to support workers who work with adults with a learning disability. Thirty-eight support staff took part in this study. Twenty-five support staff received training, and 13 did not receive training and therefore acted as a control group. Three questionnaires…

Tredinnick, Gerlind; Cocks, Naomi

2014-01-01

192

The Uses of Hypnotherapy with Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explored the impact of group hypnotic and self-hypnotic training on the academic performance and self-esteem of learning disabled (LD) children. Important predictors of self-esteem improvement were the child's hypnotic susceptibility score and self-hypnotic practice by children and parents. Hypnotherapy is of potential benefit to self-esteem…

Johnson, Lynn S.; And Others

1981-01-01

193

Parent Involvement in Transition Planning for Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Post-secondary education is a path that many individuals take after high school. For students with learning disabilities, post-secondary education is an attainable goal regardless of the academic difficulties they may face. In order to make a successful transition to postsecondary education, it is necessary that students, as well as parents are…

Bailey, Shelley Henthorne

2009-01-01

194

Federal Legislation Defining Learning Disabilities and Biased IQ Scores.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public Law 94-142 mandates the identification and placement of learning disabled children based primarily on the measurement of intelligence. It is, therefore, the responsibility of educational psychologists to use standardized intelligence tests appropriately to accurately and objectively assess a childs' intellectual potential and ability. Three…

Webster, Raymond E.; Bates, Herman M., III

195

Learning Disabled Adults in Postsecondary Education. 1984 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper examines postsecondary options for learning disabled (LD) adults. LD is defined and typical characteristics that an LD person may exhibit are specified, including poorly formed handwriting, difficulty in following directions, and the appearance of clumsiness. The remainder of the paper focuses on universities and 2- or 4-year colleges…

Hartmen, Rhona C.; Krulwich, Maxine T.

196

Steps to Independence for People with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The booklet is designed to help learning disabled (LD) adults become economically independent and fulfill their potential. Introductory chapters define LD and specify such types of LD as auditory perceptual problems, catastrophic responses, directional problems, disinhibition, perceptual problems, and short term memory problems. Psychological…

Brown, Dale

197

Resiliency Instructional Tactics: African American Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools and classrooms, if well conceived, can serve as protective environments for the positive development of African American students with learning disabilities (LD) (Keogh & Weisner, 1993). Many African American students who lack resiliency often struggle with life's challenges and may be predisposed to negative outcomes in life, so the focus…

Jones, Vita L.

2011-01-01

198

Computer-Guided Diagnosis of Learning Disabilities: A Prototype.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A computer based diagnostic system to assist educators in the assessment of learning disabled children aged 8 to 10 years in the area of reading is described and evaluated. The system is intended to guide the diagnosis of reading problems through step by step analysis of available data and requests for additional data. The system provides a…

Colbourn, Marlene Jones

199

Rodin, Patton, Edison, Wilson, Einstein: Were They Really Learning Disabled?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The practice of posthumously diagnosing historical figures is discussed. Emphasis is on the unsatisfactory nature of evidence found for those diagnosed as learning-disabled or dyslexic and the possibility of other explanations for identified problems. Posthumous diagnoses of Auguste Rodin, George Patton, Thomas Edison, Woodrow Wilson, and Albert…

Adelman, Kimberly A.; Adelman, Howard S.

1987-01-01

200

Basic Research and the Treatment of Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to a previous article, the paper argues that effective instruction of the learning disabled is most likely to develop from systematic theoretically based research though instructional studies can contribute to theory development. Research in many other areas is necessary to develop the powerful teaching methods required. (DB)

Licht, Barbara G.

1988-01-01

201

Health action plans for people with learning disabilities.  

PubMed

This article describes the design of a health action plan included in a care package for a person with learning disabilities. It provides working knowledge and guidance to students, nurses and service providers who are currently undertaking similar interventions. The rationale for developing the health action plan is explained and the intervention is detailed in relation to the person's circumstances. PMID:16021891

Howatson, John

202

Employment Outcomes of University Graduates with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Limited research exists related to the employment outcomes of adults with learning disabilities (LD) who graduate from postsecondary institutions. The current study presents the results of a followup investigation of 500 graduates with LD from three universities in the United States. Results indicated that levels of full-time employment,…

Madaus, Joseph W.

2006-01-01

203

Word Learning by Adults with Learning Disability: Effect of Grammatical Class  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A novel word learning paradigm in a reading context was employed to investigate the ability of adults with and without learning disability to learn new words. The participants were required to read a short English story. The story was based on an Indian folk tale to eliminate any confounding effect of familiarity with content. Two nouns and two…

Bahl, Megha

2010-01-01

204

The Orthopedically Disabled Child: Psychological Implications with an Individual Basis. July 1984 Revision.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes the implications of the Individual Psychology of Alfred Adler and field theory associated with Kurt Lewin in understanding orthopedically disabled children and points out that orthopedically disabled youngsters have a remarkable range of individual differences both in type of disability as well as level of adjustment.…

Sigmon, Scott B.

205

More and better services for people with learning disabilities.  

PubMed

A prevalence study of disability, use of and need for services was undertaken to estimate the need for NHS and other forms of residential, day and respite care for people with severe learning disabilities. Subjects aged 20 or more were drawn from the Leicestershire Learning Disabilities Register (n = 1887). Information was collected by interview with a professional career. The age-specific prevalence was 2.9 per 1000 and the response rate was 88 per cent. A disability rating predicted consultant opinion on need for NHS residential care with a sensitivity and specificity of 82 per cent. Predictive disability factors included problems with behaviour, toileting, speech, epilepsy, postural deformity and use of a wheelchair. Planning targets per 100,000 population aged 20 or more were estimated as follows: NHS residential care--47 places; other residential care--103 places; respite care--36 people; day care--224 places. The need for residential care and medical support remains eminently predictable within the new philosophical framework of provision. Since 1971 the need for NHS residential places has decreased but remains important for people with high dependence. Day care targets have increased and diversified. PMID:8251208

McGrother, C W; Hauck, A; Burton, P R; Raymond, N T; Thorp, C F

1993-09-01

206

The Delivery of a Survivors' Group for Learning Disabled Women with Significant Learning Disabilities Who Have Been Sexually Abused  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

People with learning disabilities are more likely to experience sexual things happening to them when they do not want them to. This is called sexual abuse. A group was started to help women who have been sexually abused. The group met once a week and lasted for 20 weeks. Women who were interested in attending this group were given information…

Peckham, Nicholas Guy; Corbett, Alan; Howlett, Susan; McKee, Alan; Pattison, Sue

2007-01-01

207

Learning Disabilities: A National Responsibility. Summit on Learning Disabilities (Washington, D.C., September 20-21, 1994). [Videotapes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four videocassettes provide the presentations and discussion of four panels from a 1994 summit on the nation's responsibility in relation to individuals with learning disabilities. Each panel examined issues of research, public policy and legislation, good practices, and consumer interest within its area of concentration. The first panel was on…

National Center for Learning Disabilities, Inc., New York, NY.

208

Engaging Students with Moderate Mental Disabilities and Nondisabled High School Students as Service-Learning Collaborators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The practice of service-learning is growing. However, service-learning activities seldom involve high school students with moderate mental disabilities working with peers without disabilities. The purpose of this case study was to gain an understanding of the experiences of personnel who work in partnership with students with disabilities and…

Cox, Lakeshia L. Ligon

2012-01-01

209

But It's Not All about the Sex: Mothering, Normalisation and Young Learning Disabled People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is about mothering, young learning disabled people, their sexualised and relationship lives and normalisation--not through the lens of the disabled person, but via a mothers perspective and theoretical discussion. As a mother who has a learning disabled daughter, a feminist and an academic my own mothering experience, my Ph.D. research…

Rogers, Chrissie

2010-01-01

210

Ontology-Driven Disability-Aware E-Learning Personalisation with ONTODAPS  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to show how personalisation of learning resources and services can be achieved for students with and without disabilities, particularly responding to the needs of those with multiple disabilities in e-learning systems. The paper aims to introduce ONTODAPS, the Ontology-Driven Disability-Aware Personalised…

Nganji, Julius T.; Brayshaw, Mike; Tompsett, Brian

2013-01-01

211

Healthcare for Men and Women with Learning Disabilities: Understanding Inequalities in Access  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Healthcare for men and women with learning disabilities (known internationally as intellectual disabilities) has risen up the political agenda in the United Kingdom, propelled by a report from the charity Mencap. This report has resulted in renewed efforts, set out in "Valuing People Now", to ensure that people with learning disabilities receive…

Redley, Marcus; Banks, Carys; Foody, Karen; Holland, Anthony

2012-01-01

212

Brain Research: Implications for Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Brain research has illuminated several areas of the learning process: (1) learning as association; (2) learning as reinforcement; (3) learning as perception; (4) learning as imitation; (5) learning as organization; (6) learning as individual style; and (7) learning as brain activity. The classic conditioning model developed by Pavlov advanced…

Soares, Louise M.; Soares, Anthony T.

213

Molecular and Cellular Mechanisms of Learning Disabilities: A Focus on NF1  

PubMed Central

Neurofibromatosis Type I (NF1) is a single-gene disorder characterized by a high incidence of complex cognitive symptoms, including learning disabilities, attention deficit disorder, executive function deficits, and motor coordination problems. Since the underlying genetic cause of this disorder is known, study of NF1 from a molecular, cellular, and systems perspective has provided mechanistic insights into the etiology of higher-order cognitive symptoms associated with the disease. In particular, studies of animal models of NF1 indicated that disruption of Ras regulation of inhibitory networks is critical to the etiology of cognitive deficits associated with NF1. Animal models of Nf1 identified mechanisms and pathways that are required for cognition, and represent an important complement to the complex neuropsychological literature on learning disabilities associated with this condition. Here, we review findings from NF1 animal models and human populations affected by NF1, highlighting areas of potential translation and discussing the implications and limitations of generalizing findings from this single-gene disease to idiopathic learning disabilities. PMID:20345245

Shilyansky, C.; Lee, Y.S.; Silva, A.J.

2011-01-01

214

Recognition, expression, and understanding facial expressions of emotion in adolescents with nonverbal and general learning disabilities.  

PubMed

Children with nonverbal learning disabilities (NVLD) have been found to be worse at recognizing facial expressions than children with verbal learning disabilities (LD) and without LD. However, little research has been done with adolescents. In addition, expressing and understanding facial expressions is yet to be studied among adolescents with LD subtypes. This study examined abilities of adolescents with NVLD, with general learning disabilities (GLD), and without LD to recognize, express, and understand facial expressions of emotion. Adolescents were grouped into those with NVLD, with GLD, and without LD using the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Third Edition (short form) and Wide Range Achievement Test-Third Edition. The adolescents completed neuropsychological, recognition, expression, and understanding measures. It is intriguing that the GLD group was significantly less accurate at recognizing and understanding facial expressions compared with the NVLD and NLD groups, who did not differ. Implications are explored with regard to the need to consider possible deficits in recognition and understanding of emotion in adolescents with LD in schools. PMID:19843659

Bloom, Elana; Heath, Nancy

2010-01-01

215

The Need for a Multi-Dimensional Approach to Learning Disabilities. A Multi-Disciplinary Symposium on Dyslexis and Associated Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning disabilities are generally due to a variety of disorders, from the biological to the environmental. Unfortunately, today, the tendency exists to seize upon one such disorder and to investigate the learning disability concept in that narrow view only. Evidence, however, suggests that a multifactor approach should be used and that system…

Blom, Gaston E.

216

Women with learning disabilities and access to cervical screening: retrospective cohort study using case control methods  

PubMed Central

Background Several studies in the UK have suggested that women with learning disabilities may be less likely to receive cervical screening tests and a previous local study in had found that GPs considered screening unnecessary for women with learning disabilities. This study set out to ascertain whether women with learning disabilities are more likely to be ceased from a cervical screening programme than women without; and to examine the reasons given for ceasing women with learning disabilities. It was carried out in Bury, Heywood-and-Middleton and Rochdale. Methods Carried out using retrospective cohort study methods, women with learning disabilities were identified by Read code; and their cervical screening records were compared with the Call-and-Recall records of women without learning disabilities in order to examine their screening histories. Analysis was carried out using case-control methods – 1:2 (women with learning disabilities: women without learning disabilities), calculating odds ratios. Results 267 women's records were compared with the records of 534 women without learning disabilities. Women with learning disabilities had an odds ratio (OR) of 0.48 (Confidence Interval (CI) 0.38 – 0.58; X2: 72.227; p.value <.001) of receiving a cervical screening test; an OR of 2.05 (CI 1.88 – 2.22; X2: 24.236; p.value <.001) of being ceased from screening; and an OR of 0.14 (CI 0.001 – 0.28; X2: 286.341; p.value <0.001 of being a non-responder compared to age and practice-matched women without learning disabilities. Conclusion The reasons given for ceasing and/or not screening suggest that merely being coded as having a learning disability is not the sole reason for these actions. There are training needs among smear takers regarding appropriate reasons not to screen and providing screening for women with learning disabilities. PMID:18218106

Reynolds, Fiona; Stanistreet, Debbi; Elton, Peter

2008-01-01

217

Wage differentials between college graduates with and without learning disabilities.  

PubMed

Wage differential studies examining legally protected groups typically focus on gender or racial differences. Legislation also fully protects individuals with learning disabilities (LD). This article is the first to decompose wage differentials between adults with and without LD. An original data set of college graduates with documented LD was constructed, and these individuals were compared to a control group from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY). Our results show that much of the observed lower wages for individuals with LD is due to differences in productivity characteristics. However, there is an unexplained portion of the wage gap that could possibly be considered wage discrimination against individuals with LD. This possibility seems smaller due to the fact that the subsample of the employers who knew of the employee's learning disabilities did not appear to pay significantly lower wages to these individuals. Alternative hypotheses are discussed, as are sample-specific issues. PMID:15490744

Dickinson, David L; Verbeek, Roelant L

2002-01-01

218

Peer-Assisted Learning Strategies for English Language Learners with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study assessed the effects of Peer-Assisted Learning Strategies (PALS), a reciprocal classwide peer-tutoring strategy, on the reading performance of native Spanish-speaking students with learning disabilities (LD) and their low-, average-, and high-achieving classroom peers. Participants were 132 native Spanish-speaking English language…

Saenz, Laura M.; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Fuchs, Douglas

2005-01-01

219

Cognitive strategy instruction in mathematics for students with learning disabilities.  

PubMed

This article provides a context for understanding and using cognitive strategy instruction to improve students' performance in mathematics. The theoretical and research base for strategy instruction is reviewed, and characteristics of students who have difficulties in mathematics are discussed from a developmental perspective. Then, a practical illustration of cognitive strategy instruction used to assess the teach mathematical problem solving to middle school students with learning disabilities is presented. PMID:9066277

Montague, M

1997-01-01

220

Visual selective attention and impulsivity in learning?disabled children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Subjects were 20 learning?disabled (LD) children who were matched for mean age and IQ against a group of 20 non?LD control children. A computer?generated visual target identification task was used to assess visual selective attention capabilities. Subjects were asked to locate colored form targets (green squares) appearing amid an array of distractor stimuli. Distractors in disjunctive arrays shared no features

Bruce Bolster; Wendy Marshall; Jane Bow; Nancy Chalmers; Mary Stubel

1986-01-01

221

Paired associate learning in reading-disabled children: evidence for a rule-learning deficiency.  

PubMed

Two experiments examined whether normal and disabled readers differed in the utilization of rules in a paired associate learning task. Experiment 1 required children to learn symbol-word associates. Children were assigned to one of three conditions: nonrule, consistent rule, or inconsistent rule. When present, the rule was based on semantic opposites. Subjects benefited from having the rule, but disabled readers showed less improvement across four test blocks than both chronological age (CA) controls and reading age (RA) controls, particularly in the inconsistent condition. Experiment 2 required subjects to learn symbol-symbol associations in one of three conditions: nonrule, consistent rule, or inconsistent rule. When present, the rule specified the locations of a subsidiary figure in each symbol according to the pattern top-right, bottom-left. Disabled and normal readers did not differ in the nonrule condition where reliance on visual memory would be an effective strategy. Normal readers were superior to disabled readers in both rule conditions. In addition, disabled readers in the inconsistent rule condition were less able than normal readers to apply the rule in a generalization task where memory demands were reduced. Results supported the hypothesis that disabled readers have greater difficulty than normal readers inducing and/or using rules, particularly when they are inconsistent. It is suggested that difficulties in acquiring or using complex and inconsistent rules may be one important source of problems learning spelling-sound correspondence rules, which in English are complex and inconsistent. PMID:2435828

Manis, F R; Savage, P L; Morrison, F J; Horn, C C; Howell, M J; Szeszulski, P A; Holt, L K

1987-02-01

222

Understanding and Managing Learning Disabilities in Adults. Professional Practices in Adult Education and Human Resource Development Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book reviews learning disabilities (LD) in adults and makes suggestions for helping adults cope with these disabilities. Each chapter covers a type of learning disability or related syndrome or explains characteristics of the brain. Chapter 1 explains several types of specific learning disabilities that make classroom performance difficult…

Jordan, Dale R.

223

What Does the K-ABC Tell Us about Students with Learning Disabilities?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three studies were designed to explore the pattern of scores on the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children (K-ABC) by 18 students in elementary level learning disability (LD) resource programs (Study 1), 133 elementary level students referred for learning problems (Study 2), and 67 elementary students referred for severe learning disabilities

Smith, Douglas K.

224

Identifying English Language Learners with Learning Disabilities: Key Challenges and Possible Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need for effective approaches for identifying English language learners with learning disabilities is great and growing. Meeting this need is complicated by recent developments in the field of learning disabilities that are unrelated to the English language learning status, and by limitations in existing knowledge specific to the…

Wagner, Richard K.; Francis, David J.; Morris, Robin D.

2005-01-01

225

Cooperative Group, Risk-Taking and Inclusion of Pupils with Learning Disabilities in Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this research was to study the impact of cooperative learning on changes in cooperative behaviours and acceptance amongst pupils with learning disabilities related to risk-taking. One hundred and sixty-eight French first year middle school pupils participated in this study. Thirty-six pupils with learning disabilities were mainstreamed…

Andre, Amael; Louvet, Benoit; Deneuve, Pascale

2013-01-01

226

Teachers' and Supervisors' Perceptions of Secondary Learning Disabilities Programs: A Multi-State Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High school learning disabilities teachers (n=325) and special education supervisors (n=145) were surveyed concerning secondary learning disabilities programs. Although program emphases have not changed over the past decade, educators' priorities changed, calling for less content area instruction, more career/vocational and learning strategies…

Cline, Beverly Vineyard; Billingsley, Bonnie S.

1991-01-01

227

Disabilities and e-Learning Problems and Solutions: An Exploratory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored e-learning problems and solutions reported by 223 students with disabilities, 58 campus disability service providers, 28 professors, and 33 e-learning professionals from Canadian colleges and universities. All four groups indicated, via online questionnaires, problems with: accessibility of websites and course/learning

Fichten, Catherine S.; Ferraro, Vittoria; Asuncion, Jennison V.; Chwojka, Caroline; Barile, Maria; Nguyen, Mai N.; Klomp, Ryan; Wolforth, Joan

2009-01-01

228

Evaluation of the Benefits of Assistive Reading Software: Perceptions of High School Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using assistive reading software may be a cost-effective way to increase the opportunity for independent learning in students with learning disabilities. However, the effectiveness and perception of assistive reading software has seldom been explored in English-as-a-second language students with learning disabilities. This research was designed to…

Chiang, Hsin-Yu; Liu, Chien-Hsiou

2011-01-01

229

Blind evaluation of body reflexes and motor skills in learning disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Motor dysfunctions have been associated with learning disabilities in casual observation and systematic study. However, most\\u000a prior work has concentrated solely on high-level skills and has been subject to observer bias. In this study, boys with learning\\u000a disability were blindly compared with paired controls on measures of postural and equilibrium reflexes as well as skills.\\u000a Learning-disabled children as a group

David Freides; Johanna Barbati; Lynn J. van Kampen-Horowitz; Gwen Sprehn; Craig Iversen; Judith R. Silver; Roberta Woodward

1980-01-01

230

Learning disabilities and delinquency: a study of Israeli prison inmates.  

PubMed

Research consistently illustrates that several intellectual disabilities--namely, learning disabilities (LD), low intelligence, challenging behavior, and inadequate adaptive behavior, as well as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)--are considered risk factors for antisocial and criminal behavior. Although much attention has been paid to the relationship of LD, ADHD, and criminal behavior, three research topics have been overlooked: the frequency of LD with ADHD among inmates, the relationship between LD and/or ADHD and level of education among prisoners, and the connection between LD and/or ADHD and age of criminal onset. The present study examined the frequency of LD and ADHD in a sample of Israeli-born prisoners, in addition to the frequency of each category by itself, and it investigated the relationship of LD and/or ADHD, school dropout age, and onset of criminal activity. PMID:17909247

Einat, Tomer; Einat, Amela

2008-08-01

231

Injuries to Athletes with Physical Disabilities: Prevention Implications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While athletes with disabilities may not be injured any more often than other athletes, the types of injuries they sustain are specific to their disabilities and chosen sports. Characteristic injuries are described, and preventive measures are suggested. (Author/MT)

Bloomquist, Lorraine E.

1986-01-01

232

Learning Disability (LD) and/or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Documentation Guidelines for Service Eligibility  

E-print Network

Learning Disability (LD) and/or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Documentation or certified to diagnose and treat their disability(ies). Disability documentation for students with LD or ADHD-Johnson. The results and interpretation of all sub-tests must be included. Students diagnosed with ADHD must also

Suzuki, Masatsugu

233

Disability and Development: The Role of Language and E-Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: In spite of extensive literature on disability studies, little has been done on disability and development, more so the role of language and learning technologies in all of this. The purpose of this paper therefore is to focus on the crucial role language plays in the inclusion or exclusion of people with disabilities in development and…

Mahama, Edward Salifu

2012-01-01

234

Medical education and disability discrimination: the law and future implications.  

PubMed

Students with disabilities who are preparing for careers in health care have been in the forefront of those bringing suit under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. Passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act in 1990 broadened discrimination statutes and renewed attention to students with disabilities in medical education. Based on an analysis of the statutes and case law, the courts in conjunction with medical educators may be expected to refine policies to identify (1) when physicians with disabilities are otherwise qualified; (2) what the essential tasks performed by physicians are; (3) what accommodations to disabled students are reasonable; and (4) how communications about disabilities between program administrators, faculty, and students should be carried out. To ensure that physicians with disabilities are welcome and productive members of the profession, policy must expand from the legal foundation by means of proactive planning and evaluation to minimize the risks of litigation and enhance the environment of medical education. PMID:8018258

Helms, L B; Helms, C M

1994-07-01

235

Social Skills Learning for Students with Learning Disabilities and Students with Behaviour Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the effects of a computer?assisted social skills intervention on the social competence and behaviour adjustment of students with special needs. The sample consisted of 114 male students, divided into two groups: 52 students with learning disabilities (LD) (mean age = 12.23; SD = 1.12) and 62 students with behaviour disorders (BD) (mean age = 12.53; SD =

Malka Margalit

1995-01-01

236

Using Learning-Strategies Instruction with Students Who Are Gifted and Learning Disabled  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Regardless of prevalence, students who are gifted and learning disabled do exist in America's public schools, and they have unique needs that must be met through our education system (Bees, 1998). Special education teachers, regular education teachers, and teachers of the gifted should be aware of the unique characteristics of students who are…

Bisland, Amy

2004-01-01

237

The Complex Learning Difficulties and Disabilities Research Project: Developing Meaningful Pathways to Personalised Learning. Executive Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Specialist Schools and Academies Trust (SSAT) was commissioned by the Department for Education (DfE) to research ways to improve outcomes for children and young people with the most complex educational needs and disabilities through the development of evidence-based teaching and learning strategies. The programme of research brought together a…

Schools Network, 2011

2011-01-01

238

Validation of the Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale, Second Edition (RCMAS-2) Scores for Children with Specific Learning Disabilities  

E-print Network

Specific learning disabilities are one of the most common and debilitating disorders experienced by children and adolescents, and students with specific learning disabilities may be particularly vulnerable to anxiety. The Revised Children's Manifest...

Raad, Jennifer Marie

2013-08-31

239

Profiling Executive Dysfunction in Adults with Autism and Comorbid Learning Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Executive dysfunction is thought to be primary to autism. We examined differences in executive function between 20 adults with autism and learning disability and 23 individuals with learning disabilities outside the autistic spectrum. All participants were matched for chronological age and full-scale IQ, and were given a battery of tasks assessing…

Barnard, Louise; Muldoon, Kevin; Hasan, Reem; O'Brien, Gregory; Stewart, Mary

2008-01-01

240

When IQ is Irrelevant to the Definition of Learning Disabilities. Australian School Psychologists' Beliefs and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School psychologists in North America are facing a transformation of their professional practices brought about by impending changes in operational definitions of learning disabilities (LD). This multimethod study explores the learning disabilities-related beliefs and practices of school psychologists in Western Australia, where these changes have…

Klassen, Robert M.; Neufeld, Paul; Munro, Fiona

2005-01-01

241

Transition and Students with Learning Disabilities: Facilitating the Movement from School to Adult Life.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eleven chapters provide in-depth perspectives on outcomes and issues of youth with learning disabilities as they move from high school to adulthood. Stressed throughout is the importance of comprehensive transition planning and the educational, employment, social, and living options available to persons with learning disabilities. Chapter titles…

Patton, James R., Ed.; Blalock, Ginger, Ed.

242

School-Related Stress and Depression in Adolescents with and without Learning Disabilities: An Exploratory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined school-related stress and depression in adolescents with and without learning disabilities. A total of 87 students (38 learning-disabled and 49 nondisabled) from secondary schools in Calgary completed questionnaires on depressive symptoms and on school-related stress. Results indicated that the adolescents with LD reported…

Feurer, D. Paige; Andrews, Jac J. W.

2009-01-01

243

The learning disabled adolescent: Eriksonian psychosocial development, self-concept, and delinquent behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a developmental perspective, this study contrasted learning and nonlearning disabled adolescents on three variables: Erikson's stages of psychosocial development, self-concept, and delinquent behavior. It was predicted that learning disabled adolescents would show significantly less resolution of Erikson's fourth state, “industry versus inferiority,” manifest lower overall self-concept, and report more delinquent behavior than their nondisabled peers. The results indicated that

Daniel B. Pickar; Christopher D. Tori

1986-01-01

244

Conductive Hearing Loss in Autistic, Learning-Disabled, and Normal Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Repeated impedance measures were given over five weeks to 11 autistic, 20 learning-disabled, and 20 normal children. A repeated measures analysis of variance led to the conclusion that fluctuating, negative middle ear pressure greater than normal characterizes both autistic and learning-disabled children with the more abnormal pressures typical in…

Smith, Donald E. P.; And Others

1988-01-01

245

Evaluation and Effectiveness of Pain Recognition and Management Training for Staff Working in Learning Disability Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following Beacroft & Dodd's (2009) audit of pain recognition and management within learning disability services in Surrey, it was recommended that learning disability services should receive training in pain recognition and management. Two hundred and seventy-five services were invited to participate, of which 197 services in Surrey accepted and…

Mackey, Ellen; Dodd, Karen

2011-01-01

246

Responsive Services for People with Learning Disabilities from Minority Ethnic Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports the results of a postal questionnaire survey carried out to explore the responsiveness and appropriateness of services for people with learning disabilities from minority ethnic communities in the North West of England. Twenty-one learning disability service commissioners or service providers completed the questionnaire.…

Caton, Sue; Starling, Samantha; Burton, Mark; Azmi, Sabiha; Chapman, Melanie

2007-01-01

247

"Sad, Just Sad": A Woman with a Learning Disability Experiencing Bereavement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study considers the psychological assessment, formulation and treatment of Hannah, a woman with a learning disability who recently experienced the death of her mother. Death still remains a challenging and often taboo subject. Moreover, when the grief is of a person with a learning disability, this combines with underlying difficulties…

Campbell, Alison; Bell, Dorothy

2011-01-01

248

Meeting the Cancer Information Needs of People with Learning Disabilities: Experiences of Paid Carers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on one of the findings of a small study that aimed to explore how people with learning disabilities accessed and were supported to use a pictorial cancer information book. Five people with learning disabilities who were affected by cancer and their paid carers participated in the study. Support staff in the study were the people…

Jones, Amelia; Tuffrey-Wijne, Irene; Bernal, Jane; Butler, Gary; Hollins, Sheila

2007-01-01

249

"My Memory's Back!" Inclusive Learning Disability Research Using Ethics, Oral History and Digital Storytelling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following article outlines the methodological approach used to include people with learning disabilities as active participants in an oral history produced in Australia. The history sought to document life inside Kew Cottages, Australia's oldest and largest specialised institution for people with learning disabilities. This work furthers…

Manning, Corinne

2010-01-01

250

The Development of an Assessment Tool for the Bereavement Needs of People with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many people with learning disabilities are not well supported when someone close to them dies. This can make it an even more difficult time than it needs to be. This is about how staff can help people with learning disabilities when somebody close to them dies. It has some questions for them to think about. It is well documented that the death of…

Blackman, Noelle

2008-01-01

251

Social Class Indicators and the Relationship Between Learning Disabilities and Juvenile Delinquency.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sixty-two adolescents, including 28 learning disabled (LD) and 34 nonLD Ss, participated in an examination of the relationship between social class indicators and delinquency. A review of the literature relating social class variables to school achievement, learning disabilities, and juvenile delinquency resulted in the selection of 14 social…

Swartz, Stanley L.; Wall, Sherrill A.

252

Perceived Teacher Efficacy Beliefs for the Inclusion of the Student with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objectives of this study were twofold: (a) based on Bandura's theoretical framework, develop a four scale instrument to assess specifically general educators' teaching efficacy beliefs (TEB) concerning students with learning disabilities (Teacher Efficacy for the Inclusion of Students with Learning Disabilities Scale, TEISLDS), and (b) employ…

Esposito, Mary C.; Guarino, A. J.; Caywood, Kay Dee

2007-01-01

253

Subgroups of the Learning Disabled College Student: An Analysis of Written Language and Testing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the identification of distinct subgroups of learning-disabled young adults based on their ability to generate written language. Two subgroups of learning-disabled college students, the language strong/visually weak (N=22) and the visually strong/language weak (N=10), were identified based on evaluation of 32 essays. Subjects were…

Cataldo, Donna; Arsenault, Joseph

254

Spelling Rule Usage among Students with Learning Disabilities and Normally Achieving Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Spelling performance by learning-disabled sixth-grade students (n=21) was compared with that of age-matched normally achieving students and younger, normally achieving students. Learning-disabled students scored significantly lower on all tasks. Results indicated differences in mastery of the past tense spelling rule "-ed," and in some subskills…

Bailet, Laura Lyons

1990-01-01

255

Teaching Students with Learning Disabilities. Programming for Students with Special Needs, Book 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part of a seven-book series called "Programming for Students with Special Needs," this book offers all teachers information to enhance their understanding of learning disabilities and provides practical strategies to assist in teaching students with special needs. Section 1 discusses the definition of learning disabilities, labeling, and the…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Special Education Branch.

256

The Presence of Learning Disabled Youth in Our Juvenile Institutions: Excusable or Gross Negligence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the most significant problems in the area of learning disabilities and delinquency is failure in recognizing the characteristics of the LD (Learning Disabled) by the juvenile justice system. Therefore, a number of useful techniques, skills, and strategies are provided to help court officers, educators, mental health professionals, and…

Inesia-Forde, Angelina

2005-01-01

257

Teachers' Attitudes to Signing for Children with Severe Learning Disabilities in Indonesia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Indonesian education system is striving for an inclusive approach and techniques are needed which can support children with severe learning disabilities and their peers in this context. Manually signed language has proved useful both in supporting the development and empowerment of children with severe learning disabilities and supporting…

Sheehy, Kieron; Budiyanto

2014-01-01

258

Learning Disabilities: What Are They? Helping Teachers and Parents Understand the Characteristics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Specific Learning Disability" is by far the largest category of conditions served in special education. Unfortunately, few parents (and educators) really understand what learning disabilities are. Many erroneously believe it is a "politically correct" term for "mildly mentally retarded" or "dull normal." Further, while most laypeople have heard…

Cimera, Robert Evert

2007-01-01

259

Lexical Access in College Students with Learning Disabilities: An Electrophysiological and Performance-Based Investigation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of the semantic processing abilities of undergraduates with learning disabilities (LD) (n=11) and controls (n=11) found no significant differences on the Test of Adolescent/Adult Word Finding; however, students with learning disabilities demonstrated a significantly greater number of delayed responses. Students with LD also showed delays…

Rubin, Scott S.; Johnson, Clinton M.

2002-01-01

260

Sally Smith's Arts-Based and Integrated Curricular Approach to Educating Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Founded in 1967, The Lab School of Washington (LSW) has been educating students with learning disabilities using an arts-based curriculum for over 50 years. Sally Smith originally started the school out of frustration with the inability of traditional educational environments to reach her intelligent, but learning disabled, young son and others…

Durham, Jennifer

2010-01-01

261

Psychotic Disorders in Learning Disabilities--Outcome of an Audit across Community Teams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the audit was to evaluate the current clinical practice for learning-disabled individuals with psychotic disorders. We evaluated the existing clinical practice in 910 individuals who were under the care of learning disability psychiatrists in Buckinghamshire (population of 480 000). This was compared with the National Institute for…

Varghese, Susan; Banerjee, Subimal

2011-01-01

262

Strategy Instruction in Reading Comprehension: An Intervention Study for Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching reading strategies and guiding students towards self-regulated reading routines are promising approaches to fostering reading comprehension in students with learning disabilities. The aim of this study was to evaluate in a sample of 73 fifth to eighth graders with learning disabilities (IQ higher than 85 and reading skills below…

Antoniou, Faye; Souvignier, Elmar

2007-01-01

263

Comparison of Visual-Spatial Performance Strategy Training in Children with Turner Syndrome and Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thirteen females with Turner syndrome, 13 females with nonverbal learning disabilities, and 14 males with nonverbal learning disabilities, ages 7-14, were taught via a cognitive behavioral modification approach to verbally mediate a spatial matching task. All three groups showed significant task improvement after the training, with no significant…

Williams, Janet K.; And Others

1992-01-01

264

RESPONSIVENESS TO INTERVENTION: AN ALTERNATIVE APPROACH TO THE IDENTIFICATION OF LEARNING DISABILITIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

The process by which public schools identify students as learning disabled often appears to be confusing, unfair, and logically inconsistent. In fact, G. Reid Lyon of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development has suggested that the field of learning disabilities is a sociological sponge whose purpose has been and is to clean up the spills of general

Frank M. Gresham

265

Beyond Instruction; Beyond a Website: Distance Learning, Disability Inclusiveness and Changing Workplace Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Often, the aim of distance learning (DL) is to enhance individual learning, not to change workplace practices. Changing organizational policies, practices and behaviors related to disability calls for a different DL approach that engages users and contextualizes knowledge. In the disability arena, there is a need for programming that brings about…

Rudstam, Hannah; Gower, Wendy Strobel

2012-01-01

266

A Comparative Psycho-educational Analysis of Learning Disabled and Normal Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of 35 learning disabled adolescents (LDA) is presented. The effects of continuing school failure on self-esteem, success and failure attribution, and the rationalization process for these failures by the learning disabled adolescent are discussed. (Author/TLJ)

Watts, Walter J.; Cashion, Marie B.

1983-01-01

267

Specialist practitioner within community learning disability nursing and the primary health care team  

Microsoft Academic Search

Specialist nurses within learning disability services have been identified and promoted as a result of the National Health Service and Community Care reforms (I990), as well as through intensified debate within the learning disability nursing profession. The Department of Health has further supported the analysis of the role and the function within the context of the health and social care

M. Bollard; M. J. D. Jukes

1999-01-01

268

Loaded Pistols: The Interplay of Social Intervention and Anti-Aesthetic Tradition in Learning Disabled Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article considers the aesthetics of applied performance with people with learning disabilities. Focusing on the integrated punk band Heavy Load, it explores how the aesthetic structure reconstructs notions of learning disability and intervenes in its social experience. It argues that this is facilitated through the punk form which positions…

Calvert, Dave

2010-01-01

269

Hyperactivity and Learning Disabilities as Independent Dimensions of Child Behavior Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Definitional problems surrounding the terms "hyperactivity" and "learning disabilities" cannot be fully resolved unless dimensions of behavior (intercorrelated core characteristics) can be independently identified that correspond in some way with these terms. This research utilizes a broad item pool supposedly related to learning disabilities and…

Lahey, Benjamin B.; And Others

1978-01-01

270

Addressing Health Inequities: Coronary Heart Disease Training within Learning Disabilities Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

People with learning disabilities are at increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). Research suggests this may be due to inequalities in health status and inequities in the way health services respond to need. Little is known about the most effective way to improve health outcomes for people with learning disabilities. A previously developed…

Holly, Deirdre; Sharp, John

2014-01-01

271

Strategies for Overcoming Barriers to Training and Education for Canadians with Disabilities. Lessons in Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

If stronger skills and more education are key to greater labour force participation, then it is important to identify critical barriers to education and training for Canadians with disabilities. In 2008, the Canadian Council on Learning's Adult Learning Knowledge Centre funded a "Community Outreach Initiative for Learner's with Disabilities" that…

Canadian Council on Learning, 2009

2009-01-01

272

Music Therapy in Northern IrelandThe provision for people with learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Music therapy is predominantly used to treat children and adults with a wide range of learning disabilities. This paper identifies a shortfall of provision in Northern Ireland in comparison with other parts of the United Kingdom, such that only 200 people per year receive music therapy out of over 8000 people with learning disabilities who could benefit from it. A

Hilary Bracefield; Michael Kirk-Smith; Eamonn Slevin; Julie Sutton; Kate Thompson

2000-01-01

273

Placement and Achievement of Urban Hispanic Middle Schoolers with Specific Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined achievement gains in reading and math for Hispanic middle school students with specific learning disabilities in inclusive versus segregated settings in a large urban school district. The authors report learning gains for students with and without disabilities in inclusive versus segregated settings. Results indicate no…

Barrocas, Lisa; Cramer, Elizabeth D.

2014-01-01

274

Middle-School Mathematics Curricula and Students with Learning Disabilities: Is One Curriculum Better?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little is known about how best to teach mathematics to students with learning disabilities. This study explored the performance and self-reported calculator use of 13 sixth-grade and 15 seventh-grade students with learning disabilities educated in either standards-based or traditional mathematics curricula on multiple-choice and open-ended…

Bouck, Emily C.; Kulkarni, Gauri

2009-01-01

275

Preparation, Development, and Transition of Learning-Disabled Students for Workforce Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preparation, Development, and Transition of Learning-Disabled Students for Workforce Success. Donna Elizabeth Williams, 2011: Applied Dissertation, Nova Southeastern University, Abraham S. Fischler School of Education. ERIC Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Community Based Instruction, Academic Advising, Career Counseling, Career Planning. This…

Williams, Donna Elizabeth

2012-01-01

276

Verbal Recall in Learning Disabled Children with Memory Dysfunctions: A Pilot Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this pilot study, the effect of experimenter cuing on recall and organization of response was analyzed and compared between subjects identified as learning disabled with an isolated memory impairment (LDMI), learning disabled without an isolated memory impairment (LDO), and normal controls (N). Six subjects were selected for each group after…

Franklin, Anderson J.; Frumkin, Yvette J.

277

Evaluating an Anxiety Group for People with Learning Disabilities Using a Mixed Methodology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effectiveness of group therapy for people with learning disabilities and anxiety management issues is reviewed. People with learning disabilities face increased levels of psychological distress compared to the general population, yet are often faced with a lack of social support and poor coping techniques to manage their distress. A 6-week…

Marwood, Hayley; Hewitt, Olivia

2013-01-01

278

ICT for Adults with Learning Disabilities: An Organisation-Wide Audit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a survey of microcomputer use for adults with learning disability within The Home Farm Trust, a United Kingdom national organization for people with learning disability that was carried out in light of a planned organization-wide initiative to introduce modern information and communications technology to service users. (Author/LRW)

Aspinall, Ann; Hegarty, John R.

2001-01-01

279

Exploring the Self-concept of Adults with Mild Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study aimed to add to the research on the self-concept of adults with mild learning disabilities and to generate a deeper understanding of their self-perceptions rather than draw generalised quantitative conclusions. Eight adults diagnosed with mild learning disabilities receiving support from a supported living project were…

Pestana, Claudio

2015-01-01

280

Who Is the Student with a Specific Learning Disability? Parent Page. Winter 2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In education, the term learning disability is used to describe specific kinds of problems that an individual has with understanding or using spoken or written language. A student with a specific learning disability may have difficulty listening, thinking, speaking, reading, writing, spelling, or doing math problems. You may have heard of dyslexia.…

National Research Center on Learning Disabilities, 2007

2007-01-01

281

Analysis of Cognitive Abilities of Adolescents Learning Disabled Specifically in Arithmetic Computation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study involving 60 learning disabled (LD) and 30 normal achieving seventh through ninth graders was designed to identify adolescents homogeneously defined as exhibiting a "specific learning disability in arithmetic" and to determine if the cognitive processes (visual-spatial, visual-reasoning, and visual-memory) are related to the academic…

Pieper, Edward L.; Deshler, Donald D.

282

Exercise programmes in the treatment of children with learning disabilities.  

PubMed

Learning disability is characterised by a discrepancy between achievement and assessed intellectual ability. Children with this problem commonly (but not invariably) show impaired motor proficiency, as assessed by such instruments as the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of motor proficiency. It has been hypothesised that poor motor performance and/or poor social skills lead to exclusion from games, creating a vicious cycle of decreasing participation, decreasing competence, a deterioration of self-worth and increasing social maladjustment. Attempts to break the vicious cycle with programmes designed to enhance motor proficiency have been uniformly unsuccessful. There is limited experimental evidence to support the view that structured physical activity programmes with an embedded social skills training component can be an effective method of enhancing both actual motor ability and self-perception of physical and academic competence. However, a controlled comparison with small-group, academic instruction has shown that, from the educational perspective, a physical activity-based intervention is no more effective than other forms of special attention. The main argument for delivering social skills training through a physical activity programme lies not in a unique impact upon learning disability, but rather in terms of the other well-established long term health benefits of exercise. PMID:7740247

Bluechardt, M H; Wiener, J; Shephard, R J

1995-01-01

283

Spatial short-term memory in children with nonverbal learning disabilities: impairment in encoding spatial configuration.  

PubMed

The authors investigated whether impaired spatial short-term memory exhibited by children with nonverbal learning disabilities is due to a problem in the encoding process. Children with or without nonverbal learning disabilities performed a simple spatial test that required them to remember 3, 5, or 7 spatial items presented simultaneously in random positions (i.e., spatial configuration) and to decide if a target item was changed or all items including the target were in the same position. The results showed that, even when the spatial positions in the encoding and probe phases were similar, the mean proportion correct of children with nonverbal learning disabilities was 0.58 while that of children without nonverbal learning disabilities was 0.84. The authors argue with the results that children with nonverbal learning disabilities have difficulty encoding relational information between spatial items, and that this difficulty is responsible for their impaired spatial short-term memory. PMID:23534098

Narimoto, Tadamasa; Matsuura, Naomi; Takezawa, Tomohiro; Mitsuhashi, Yoshinori; Hiratani, Michio

2013-01-01

284

"I Feel Pain"--Audit of Communication Skills and Understanding of Pain and Health Needs with People with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An audit was conducted across Surrey to investigate pain recognition and management with people with learning disabilities. This section of the audit looked at what people with learning disabilities understood and experienced when they had pain compared to good practice from the literature. The results show that people with learning disabilities

Beacroft, Monica; Dodd, Karen

2011-01-01

285

Screening for Diabetic Retinopathy in Adults with Learning Disability: Current Uptake and Adjustments to Facilitate Equality of Access  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Equality of access to health care for adults with learning disability has been in the spotlight in the UK in recent years due to publication of several reports. Adults with learning disability are thought to account for a significant proportion of the diabetic population in the UK. A list of adults known to the learning disability health…

Pilling, Rachel F.

2015-01-01

286

Differences in Self-Concept among Student with and without Learning Disabilities in Al Karak District in Jordan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined differences in self-concept among Jordanian students with and without learning disabilities. The sample of this study consisted of (124), (50) students with learning disabilities and (74) of their peers without learning disabilities. To achieve the objective of this study, the Jordanian adaptation of the Piers-Harris Children's…

AL Zyoudi, Mohammed

2010-01-01

287

Piracetam: Its Possible Mode of Action in Children with Learning Disabilities and Its Effect on "in vitro" Cell Growth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of pharmaceutical products such as Piracetam (Nootropil[R]) for the treatment of learning disabilities is becoming increasingly prevalent, and some studies have shown successful treatment of learning disabilities in children. This research article will discuss traditional uses of Piracetam, as well as uses in learning disabilities, with…

Britz, R.; Bester, M. J.; da Silva, A.; Motsoane, N. A.; Marx, J.; Naude, H.; Pretorius, E.

2006-01-01

288

Explicit Memory among Individuals with Mild and Moderate Intellectual Disability: Educational Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We previously reported a meta-analysis of explicit memory studies in populations with intellectual disability (ID). The current study discusses the educational implications of this meta-analysis. The main factors at the core of these implications can be divided into two categories: those related to task characteristics (e.g., depth of processing,…

Lifshitz, Hefziba; Shtein, Sarit; Weiss, Itzhak; Svisrsky, Naama

2011-01-01

289

Three Categories of Visual-Motor Performance of Children with a Reading Disability and Their Theoretical Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the theoretical implications of previous research studies that have employed the Minnesota Percepto-Diagnostic Test (MPD) to differentiate children with reading disabilities. (JC)

Fuller, Gerald B.

1973-01-01

290

An Interview with...Ed Ellis: Working To Improve Education for Adolescents with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An interview with Edwin S. Ellis, an expert on cognitive-based interventions and curriculum for students with learning disabilities (LD) focuses on the roots of his interest in strategic learning, the teacher's role in effective schooling, the need to go beyond labels, knowledge elaboration in learning, effective learning strategies for adolescent…

Casareno, Alexander

2002-01-01

291

The Americans with Disabilities Act: Implications for Camp Programming.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the effect of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) on camp programing and provides strategies to improve camp accessibility for people with disabilities. Discusses obstacles to integrated programing including ecological and architectural barriers, attitudinal barriers, transportation barriers, barriers of omission, economic…

Bedini, Leandra A.; And Others

1992-01-01

292

E-Learning Implications for Adult Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

If a few decades ago, "the education received in school could be in most of the cases enough to go with for the rest of one's entire life," today the situation has changed dramatically. The individual has to be prepared for a new type of life and training, namely lifelong learning. The individual's survival in society could…

Criu, Roxana; Ceobanu, Ciprian

2013-01-01

293

Evaluation of the Benefits of Assistive Reading Software: Perceptions of High School Students With Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using assistive reading software may be a cost-effective way to increase the opportunity for independent learning in students with learning disabilities. However, the effectiveness and perception of assistive reading software has seldom been explored in English-as-a-second language students with learning disabilities. This research was designed to explore the perception and effect of using assistive reading software in high school students

Hsin-Yu Chiang; Chien-Hsiou Liu

2011-01-01

294

Neurocognitive profiles of learning disabled children with neurofibromatosis type 1  

PubMed Central

Neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) is a genetic condition generally associated with intellectual deficiency and learning disabilities. Although there have been groundbreaking advances in the understanding of the molecular, cellular, and neural systems underlying learning deficits associated to NF1 in animal models, much remains to be learned about the spectrum of neurocognitive phenotype associated with the NF1 clinical syndrome. In the present study, 32 children with NF1 ranging from 7 to 14 years were evaluated with neurocognitive tests dedicated to assess basic capacities which are involved in reading and mathematical achievement. Deficits in lexical and phonological strategies and poor number facts retrieval were found underlying reading and arithmetic disorders, respectively. Additionally, efficiencies in lexical/phonological strategies and mental arithmetic were significant predictors of individual differences in reading attainment and math. However, deficits in core numeric capacities were not found in the sample, suggesting that it is not responsible for calculation dysfluency. The estimated prevalence of Developmental Dyscalculia was 18.8%, and the male:female ratio was 5:1. On the other hand, the prevalence of Developmental Dyslexia was almost 3 times as high (50%), and no gender differences were found (male: female ratio = 1:1). This study offers new evidence to the neurocognitive phenotype of NF1 contributing to an in depth understanding of this condition, but also to possible treatments for the cognitive deficits associated with NF1. PMID:24936179

Orraca-Castillo, Miladys; Estévez-Pérez, Nancy; Reigosa-Crespo, Vivian

2014-01-01

295

Sensory integration therapy: a trial of a specific neurodevelopmental therapy for the remediation of learning disabilities.  

PubMed

In the population of learning-disabled (LD) children, there appears to be a subsample who demonstrate basic dysfunction in sensory integration. Previous research suggested that sensory integration (SI) therapy may be effective in improving the academic performance of this subsample of LD children. This study is a systematic replication of previous research on the effects of SI therapy on LD children. The 87 LD children in this study manifest moderate SI dysfunction, a vestibular processing disorder, perceptual deficits, and reading retardation. Data on a subgroup of 45 children with markedly depressed postrotary nystagmus are presented. After nine months of individual SI therapy, no systematic effects on any of the dependent variables were discernible. The implications of these findings for further research are discussed. PMID:6470152

Carte, E; Morrison, D; Sublett, J; Uemura, A; Setrakian, W

1984-08-01

296

Teachers with learning disabilities: a view from both sides of the desk.  

PubMed

The purpose of this qualitative multicase study was to explore the perceptions of individuals who could speak from both sides of the special education desk--as students and as teachers. The three participants for this study each received special education services for learning disabilities while in school and were currently teaching students with learning disabilities. Specifically the study focused on how participants' past experiences with receiving special education services influenced their current practice as special education teachers. Participants' views on service delivery models, the importance of teacher expectations, and the value of conceiving a learning disability as a tool rather than a deficit are discussed. PMID:15497270

Ferri, B A; Keefe, C H; Gregg, N

2001-01-01

297

Problem Order Implications for Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The order of problems presented to students is an important variable that affects learning effectiveness. Previous studies have shown that solving problems in a blocked order, in which all problems of one type are completed before the student is switched to the next problem type, results in less effective performance than does solving the problems…

Li, Nan; Cohen, William W.; Koedinger, Kenneth R.

2013-01-01

298

‘My success as a teacher amazes me each and every day’ – perspectives of teachers with learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The employment of teachers with learning disabilities has been an issue debated in many countries as well as within the Israeli educational establishment. Structured interviews were conducted with 12 Israeli teachers with learning disabilities in order to understand how these teachers perceive their disability and its impact on them as children, as students in higher education settings and as teachers.

Gila Vogel; Varda Sharoni

2011-01-01

299

Access to Mainstream Health Services: A Case Study of the Difficulties Faced by a Child with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

People with learning disabilities have higher levels of health needs compared with the general population (Nocon, 2006, Background evidence for the DRC's formal investigation into health inequalities experienced by people with learning disabilities or mental health problems. London and Manchester, Disability Rights Commission). Research has shown…

Brown, Freddy Jackson; Cooper, Kate; Diebel, Tara

2013-01-01

300

Research and Global Perspectives in Learning Disabilities: Essays in Honor of William M. Cruickshank. The LEA Series on Special Education and Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To honor the founder of the International Academy for Research in Learning Disabilities, William M. Cruickshank, this collection of essays reflects a range of perspectives on the "state of the art" in learning disabilities, documenting both commonalties and differences across countries. After an introduction, essays include: (1) "The Lives and…

Hallahan, Daniel P., Ed.; Keogh, Barbara K., Ed.

301

Young People with Learning Disabilities Living in State Care: Their Emotional, Behavioural and Mental Health Status  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young people with learning disabilities are significantly more at risk of developing mental health difficulties than their non-disabled peers, with prevalence rates of around 40% commonly reported. Nevertheless, high levels of mental health problems also exist among young people living in state care. However, few studies have examined the mental…

Taggart, Laurence; Cousins, Wendy; Milner, Sharon

2007-01-01

302

Do No Harm--High Stakes Testing and Students with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report from a blue ribbon panel of experts convened by Disability Rights Advocates, Inc. and the Oregon Department of Education addresses the interplay between standardized examinations and students with learning disabilities. The report describes in detail the accommodations, alternate assessments, appeals procedures, and other safeguards…

Disability Rights Advocates, Inc., Oakland, CA.

303

Legal Eligibility of Students with Learning Disabilities: Consider Not Only RTI but Also [section] 504  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The modern history of the legal protections for students with learning disabilities in K-12 education focuses on the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), which is funding legislation with detailed accompanying regulations that, respectively, are periodically revised as part of the reauthorization process. In contrast, Section 504 of…

Zirkel, Perry A.

2009-01-01

304

The Efficacy of Assistive Technology on Reading Comprehension for Postsecondary Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the large increase of students with learning disabilities (LD) entering postsecondary institutions and the legislative emphasis on providing students with disabilities equal access to education, we have yet to develop comprehensive planning of accommodations for postsecondary students with LD in regard to assistive technology (AT). The…

Floyd, Kim K.; Judge, Sharon L.

2012-01-01

305

Bannatyne's Recategorization in the Differential Diagnosis of Learning Disabled, Emotionally Disturbed, and Educably Mentally Retarded Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A recategorization system developed by Bannatyne to categorize subtest scatter from the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised (WISC-R) is used as an alternative to isolated analysis of each individual subtest. Reading disabled, learning disabled, and educable mentally handicapped students are categorized according to their performance…

Webster, Raymond E.; And Others

306

Students with Learning Disabilities and Attention Disorders: Stories of the College Choice Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although there has been legislation that has improved access for students with disabilities, many students are choosing not to pursue postsecondary education. The rate of postsecondary attendance for students with learning disabilities and attention disorders has increased, but they are still enrolling in postsecondary education less frequently…

Mercer, Kerri A.

2012-01-01

307

If Gifted/Learning Disabled Students Have Wisdom, They Have All Things!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores how a historical genius with learning disabilities (LD) used his giftedness to surmount his disabilities. This study compared biographical data of a historical genius with LD to geniuses without LD using the posthumous diagnostic methodology. Niels Bohr, J. Robert Oppenheimer, and Enrico Fermi were selected for investigation.…

Kim, Jin-Young; Ko, Young-Gun

2007-01-01

308

Implementing AAC with Children with Profound and Multiple Learning Disabilities: A Study in Rationale Underpinning Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a developing research base to support the rationale underpinning augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) for people with learning disabilities. However, there is a paucity of research examining the process involved in implementing AAC support for people who have profound disabilities. This paper seeks to explore the processes…

Harding, Celia; Lindsay, Gemma; O'Brien, Aoife; Dipper, Lucy; Wright, Julie

2011-01-01

309

Turning the Educability Narrative: Samuel A. Kirk at the Intersection of Learning Disability and "Mental Retardation"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is often assumed that current disability constructs exist in conceptual isolation from one another. This article explores the tangled historical relationship between "mental retardation" and learning disability in the writings and speeches of special education pioneer Samuel A. Kirk. Beginning in the 1950s, Kirk repeatedly told an educability…

Danforth, Scot; Slocum, Laura; Dunkle, Jennifer

2010-01-01

310

Follow-Up Study of Reading Achievement in Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Forty-three learning disabled children referred initially between ages 7 and 14 years to a medical outpatient clinic for developmentally disabled children were evaluated and followed for a period of 5 to 7 years after which their level of academic achievement was reassessed. Initial evaluation included pediatric, neurological and developmental…

Gottesman, Ruth L.

311

Accountability: The Ethics of Devising a Practice-as-Research Performance with Learning-Disabled Practitioners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the dilemmas encountered by non-disabled performance researchers and practitioners working with learning-disabled people. I demonstrate how the "accounts" of empirical social scientists informed my PARIP [practice-as-research-in-performance] project, "BluYesBlu," and how Judith Butler's reformulation of the concept of…

Leighton, Fran

2009-01-01

312

Learning Disabilities and DelinquencyA Study of Israeli Prison Inmates  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research consistently illustrates that several intellectual disabilities—namely, learning disabilities (LD), low intelligence, challenging behavior, and inadequate adaptive behavior, as well as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)—are considered risk factors for antisocial and criminal behavior. Although much attention has been paid to the relationship of LD, ADHD, and criminal behavior, three research topics have been overlooked: the frequency of LD with

Tomer Einat; Amela Einat

2008-01-01

313

A Review of Mathematical Learning Disabilities in Children with Fragile X Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The prevalence rate of mathematical learning disabilities (MLD) among children with fragile X syndrome who do not meet criteria for intellectual and developmental disabilities ([approximately equal to] 50% of female children) exceeds the rate reported in the general population. The purpose of this article is two-fold: (1) to review the findings on…

Murphy, Melissa M.

2009-01-01

314

A Systematic Review of Function-Based Interventions for Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students with learning disabilities (LD) experience pervasive academic deficits requiring extensive academic intervention; however, they may also engage in problem behaviors that adversely affect teaching and learning, thus lessening the potential impact of specialized instruction and supports. The learning deficits of students with LD are…

McKenna, John William; Flower, Andrea; Kyung Kim, Min; Ciullo, Stephen; Haring, Christa

2015-01-01

315

Note-Taking Skills of Middle School Students with and without Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For middle school students with learning disabilities (LD), one major component of learning in content area classes, such as science, involves listening to lectures and recording notes. Lecture learning and note-taking are critical skills for students to succeed in these classes. Despite the importance of note-taking skills, no research has been…

Boyle, Joseph R.

2010-01-01

316

Emotional adjustment and school functioning of young adolescents with multiple versus single learning disabilities.  

PubMed

Early adolescents (Grades 6-8) with multiple learning disabilities (LD; reading and math) in inclusive settings were compared to adolescents with single LD (reading or math) and typically achieving (TA) peers regarding their psychosocial functioning in two areas of adolescent well-being: emotional adjustment and school functioning. The Behavior Assessment System for Children (Reynolds & Kamphaus, 1998) Self-Report of Personality for adolescents was used to determine well-being. One hundred twenty middle school students-15 boys and 15 girls in each group-were included in the current study. The results confirmed that adolescents with multiple LD (reading and math) reported poorer functioning (i.e., higher T scores) on school maladjustment, clinical maladjustment, emotional symptoms index, attitude to school, atypicality, and depression when compared to TA peers but not when compared to peers with a single LD (reading or math). All three groups differed from the TA group (but not from each other) on sense of inadequacy, with the multiple LD group reporting the highest T scores. Additional analyses indicated significant differences between girls and boys, regardless of disability status. Girls reported higher T scores on the emotional symptoms index, social stress, and depression, but boys reported greater school maladjustment and sensation seeking. Implications for practice and recommendations for future research are discussed. PMID:15460348

Martínez, Rebecca S; Semrud-Clikeman, Margaret

2004-01-01

317

The role of the teacher in identifying learning disabilities: a study using the McCarney Learning Disability Evaluation Scale (LDES).  

PubMed

The purpose of the study was to examine whether the Greek translation of the Learning Disability Evaluation Scale (LDES) can be used in the identification of learning disabilities. The LDES was completed by 165 teachers for one of their students, aged 5 to 14 years. The LDES was significantly correlated to students' grades in Math and Greek Language and to the Reading Ability Test. Scores on LDES from the above randomly selected sample were significantly different from scores on LDES for another sample of 47 students, who were manifesting learning disabilities, indicating that the LDES can distinguish between the two samples. The exploratory factor analysis revealed that the LDES maintains the original factor structure and the reliability values supported its internal consistency. Results and limitations are discussed. PMID:19458208

Souroulla, Andry Vrachimi; Panayiotou, Georgia; Kokkinos, Constantinos M

2009-01-01

318

High School Students with Learning Disabilities: Mathematics Instruction, Study Skills, and High Stakes Tests  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews characteristics of high school students with learning disabilities and presents instructional modifications and study skills to help them succeed in algebra and geometry courses and on high stakes mathematics assessments.

Steele, Marcee M.

2010-01-01

319

The Relationship Between Learning Disabilities and Juvenile Delinquency: A Link Based on Family and School  

E-print Network

This study investigated the relationship between learning disabilities and juvenile delinquency with regard to the environmental factors of family and school. Subjects were 90 student-inmates from a correctional facility (23 LD, 15 JD, 47 LD...

Hudson, Floyd G.; Stanley, Sandra O.

1981-04-01

320

Reliability and Validity of the Bayesian Identification Procedure for Learning Disabled Adolescents  

E-print Network

(s) of professionals or parents make the most homogeneous identification decisions on learning disabilities criteria. In the second study, (Research Report No. 10) the temporal and interscorer reliability as well as the construct and content validity of the Modified...

Alley, Gordon R.; Deshler, Donald D.; Mellard, Daryl F.; Warner, Michael M.

1980-01-01

321

An Investigation of the Predictive Validity of the Slosson Intelligence Test with Learning Disabled Kindergarten Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate the predictive validity of the Slosson Intelligence Test (SIT) as a screening instrument in the identification of learning-disabled preschool children. The SIT scores of 98 \\

Dale D. Baum

1979-01-01

322

A Research Strategy for Studying Learning Disabled Adolescents and Young Adults  

E-print Network

Unique problems related to adolescents and young adults which researchers must consider in designing interventions are discussed. These unique factors associate with the condition of learning disabilities in adolescents ...

Schumaker, Jean B.; Alley, Gordon R.; Warner, Michael M.; Deshler, Donald D.

1980-01-01

323

Research Approaches to Studying the Link Between Learning Disabilities and Juvenile Delinquency  

E-print Network

A relationship between learning disabilities and juvenile delinquency has been hypothesized for a period of time. Research on this relationship has been clouded with methodological difficulties. These problems include the ...

Hazel, J. Stephen; Schumaker, Jean B.; Deshler, Donald D.

1980-01-01

324

The Field Trip as a Positive Experience for the Learning Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a 12-year program in which learning-disabled students visit an ice cream making company in Providence, RI. Provides instructional objectives and procedures for the activity. Includes suggestions for postactivity discussion and student evaluation. (CFR)

Cox, Charles C., III

1993-01-01

325

Assumptions and Strategies for Conducting Research with Learning Disabled Adolescents and Young Adults  

E-print Network

This paper details the assumptions about learning disabled adolescents and young adults as well as assumptions about conducting research with this population held by researchers at the Kansas Institute. Strategies developed ...

Meyen, Edward L.; Schiefelbusch, Richard L.; Deshler, Donald D.; Alley, Gordon R.; Moran, Mary Ross; Clark, Frances L.

1980-01-01

326

Five Faces of Cognition: Theoretical Influences on Approaches to Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The label "cognitive" has been used to designate five substantially different approaches to the study of learning disabilities: information processing, metacognition, genetic epistemology, cognitive behavior modification, and the specific abilities model. (Author)

Hresko, Wayne P.; Reid, D. Kim

1981-01-01

327

Cognitive-Motivational Factors that Contribute to the Achievement of Learning-Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper reviews research on the effects of motivation on performance of learning disabled children and presents a treatment approach (attribution retraining) designed to help children link their difficulties to factors under their own control. (CL)

Licht, Barbara G.

1983-01-01

328

Group therapy with adolescents who have learning disabilities and social\\/emotional problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents group therapy with adolescents who have learning disabilities and social\\/emotional problems. First, the\\u000a paper reviews the literature on psychosocial development and interventions offered to these adolescents. There is agreement\\u000a in the literature that group therapy is beneficial for adolescents. Learning disabled adolescents meet the criteria for receiving\\u000a this intervention. Despite this, review of the literature suggests that

Faye Mishna; Janice Kaiman; Sandra Little; Elizabeth Tarshis

1994-01-01

329

The WISC-III Profile in Greek Children with Learning Disabilities: Different Language, Similar Difficulties  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the WISC-III profile in Greek children with learning disabilities (LD). The sample consisted of 180 children diagnosed with learning disability (136 boys, 44 girls) aged 6.11 to 14.4 years. The Mean Full-scale IQ is 96.08, Mean Verbal IQ is 96.38, and Mean Performance IQ is 96.61. On individual subtests, the lowest mean…

Rotsika, V.; Vlassopoulos, M.; Legaki, L.; Sini, A.; Rogakou, E.; Sakellariou, K.; Pehlivanidou, H.; Anagnostopoulos, D. C.

2009-01-01

330

Intuitive geometry and visuospatial working memory in children showing symptoms of nonverbal learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Visuospatial working memory (VSWM) and intuitive geometry were examined in two groups aged 11–13, one with children displaying symptoms of nonverbal learning disability (NLD; n?=?16), and the other, a control group without learning disabilities (n?=?16). The two groups were matched for general verbal abilities, age, gender, and socioeconomic level. The children were presented with simple storage and complex-span tasks involving

Irene C. Mammarella; David Giofrè; Rosanna Ferrara; Cesare Cornoldi

2012-01-01

331

Neuropsychological correlates of learning disabilities: Subtype identification by the tryon clustering method  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since Samuel Orton's (1937) assertion that dyslexia reflects abnormal brain organization, the relationship of learning disabilities\\u000a to brain dysfunction has been the topic of considerable debate. Recently, learning-disabled individuals have been studied\\u000a in conjunction with those known to have neurological dysfunction, in a search for common subtypes. In the present study, a\\u000a population of 177 children, ages 9-0 to 14-0,

Thomas A. Blakely; Francis M. Crinella; Todd D. Fisher; Lorraine Champaigne; Frances W. Beck

1994-01-01

332

Technology Enhanced Learning for People with Intellectual Disabilities and Cerebral Paralysis: The MAS Platform  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Education for students with disabilities now takes place in a wide range of settings, thus, including a wider range of assistive\\u000a tools. As a result of this, one of the most interesting application domains of technology enhanced learning is related to\\u000a the adoption of learning technologies and designs for people with disabilities. Following this unstoppable trend, this paper\\u000a presents MAS,

Ricardo Colomo-Palacios; Fernando Paniagua-Martín; Ángel García-Crespo; Belén Ruiz-Mezcua

2010-01-01

333

Oral healthcare of clients with learning disability: changes following relocation from hospital to community  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To investigate changes in the oral healthcare of adults with learning disability after transference from long stay hospital care to community-based care.Subjects Adults with learning disability who were former residents of a single long stay hospital and who had been resettled into the community during the period April1995 to April 1998.Design Structured questionnaire with a covering letter sent to

M. Stanfield; M F Davison; S Porter; C Scully

2003-01-01

334

Research SummaryDental care in the community for patients with learning disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To investigate changes in the oral healthcare of adults with learning disability after transference from long stay hospital care to community-based care.Subjects Adults with learning disability who were former residents of a single long stay hospital and who had been resettled into the community during the period April1995 to April 1998.Design Structured questionnaire with a covering letter sent to

Jane Luker

2003-01-01

335

Eligibility of Students with Disabilities for Sports: Implications for Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Courts have ruled that age-limitation rules for high school athletes, generally 19 years, are reasonable. Courts have been fairly consistent in holding that waiving academic requirements would not be unreasonable. Courts are mixed concerning whether students with physical disabilities should be allowed to participate in contact sports. (37…

Osborne, Allan G.; Battaglino, Lisa

1996-01-01

336

Dentists' attitude to provision of care for people with learning disabilities in Udaipur, India.  

PubMed

This study determines and compares the attitudes of dentists to the provision of care for people with learning disabilities according to gender, qualification, previous experience of treating patients with learning disabilities and work experience of dentists. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 247 dentists (166 men and 81 women) using a pretested structured questionnaire. This questionnaire assessed the respondent's attitude towards learning-disabled patients in five categories: beliefs about treating them, their capabilities, discrimination against these patients, their social behaviour and quality of care to be received by these patients. The information on dentist's gender, qualification, work experience and previous experience of treating patients with learning disabilities was also collected through questionnaire. The Student's t-test and anova test were used for statistical analysis. The mean attitude score was found to be 71.13 ± 8.97. A statistically significant difference was found in the mean attitude scores of dentists with work experience (p = 0.000). Study subjects with postgraduate qualification and previous experience of treating patients with learning disabilities had significantly greater mean attitude score than their counterparts (p = 0.000). The overall attitude of dentists towards provision of care for people with learning disabilities was favourable, which increased with higher qualification and past experience. PMID:22510055

Nagarajappa, Ramesh; Tak, Mridula; Sharda, Archana J; Asawa, Kailash; Jalihal, Sagar; Kakatkar, Gauri

2013-03-01

337

Skilled interaction among professional carers in special accommodations for adult people with learning disabilities.  

PubMed

Communicative difficulties affect interactions between people with learning disabilities and their carers. Despite such difficulties, however, some carers seem to interact successfully with people who have limited ability to communicate verbally and exhibit challenging behaviour. This study aims to illuminate skilled interaction among carers working in special accommodations for people with learning disabilities. Interactions between 16 caregivers and 11 residents with learning disabilities were recorded on video. Verbal and non-verbal interaction skills among the carers were identified. Four caring situations with people with learning disabilities were chosen to illuminate skilled interaction. The transcribed text was subjected to qualitative content analysis and core stories were created. The results show that skilled interaction between the carers and the people with learning disabilities is based upon being confirming, sharing daily life experience, giving time and space, and using congruent and distinct language. In this paper we present examples that offer concrete suggestions of how to promote successful interaction and create meaning in the shared day-to-day life in special accommodations for people with learning disabilities. PMID:22676335

Antonsson, H; Aström, S; Lundström, M; Graneheim, U H

2013-09-01

338

Disability-adjusted life years analysis: implications for stroke research.  

PubMed

Stroke is a prototype disorder that disables as well as kills people. The disability-adjusted life years (DALY) metric developed by the World Health Organization to measure the global burden of disease integrates healthy life years lost due to both premature mortality and living with disability. Accordingly, it is well suited to stroke research. The DALY has previously been applied only to large but relatively crude population-level data analyses, but now it is possible to calculate the DALY lost in individual stroke patients. Measuring each patient's stroke outcome with DALY lost has expanded its application to the analysis of treatment effect in acute stroke trials, delineating the poststroke complication impact, the differential weighting of discrete vascular events, and estimating a more refined stroke burden in a specific population. The DALY metric has several advantages over conventional stroke outcome measures: 1) Since the DALY measures the burden of diverse health conditions with a common metric of life years lost, stroke burden and benefits of stroke interventions can be directly compared to other health conditions and their treatments. 2) Quantifying stroke burden or interventional benefits as the life years lost or gained makes the DALY metric more intuitively accessible for public and health system planners. 3) As a continuous, equal-interval scale, the DALY analysis might be statistically more powerful than either binary or ordinal rank outcome analyses in detecting the treatment effects of clinical trials. 4) While currently employed stroke outcome measures take one-time snapshots of disability or mortality and implicitly indicate long-term health impact, the DALY explicitly indicates the burdens of living with disability for an individual's remaining life. PMID:22087204

Hong, Keun-Sik

2011-09-01

339

Implications of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) for Test Development and Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Implications of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) on the development and use of tests in school settings are enumerated. We predict increased demand for behavioural assessments that consider a person's activities, participation and person-environment interactions, including measures that: (a) address…

Carlson, Janet F.; Benson, Nicholas; Oakland, Thomas

2010-01-01

340

Oral Reading Fluency Development for Children with Emotional Disturbance or Learning Disabilities  

PubMed Central

This study used a large state-wide database to examine the oral reading fluency development of second and third grade students with emotional disturbance or learning disabilities and their general education peers. Oral reading fluency measures were administered to 185,367 students without disabilities (general education), 2,146 students identified with an emotional disturbance, and 10,339 students with a learning disability. Student status and growth trends were examined in a piecewise model at each grade level for the full sample as well as for a subsample with reading difficulties. Data suggested students with disabilities performed significantly below students without disabilities in initial status and growth. Gender was also examined as a moderator of outcomes for each of the study groups. PMID:24532848

Wanzek, Jeanne; Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Petscher, Yaacov

2012-01-01

341

Holistic Learning Theory and Implications for Human Resource Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problem and the solution. The adult learning literature provides a number of concepts and theories of adult learning. No unifying theory of learning has emerged because of the complexity and diversity of the adult learning process. A recently developed holistic theory provides an integrative framework to examine some of the contemporary adult learning theories. Implications for human resource development

Baiyin Yang

2004-01-01

342

Technology for communicational development and learning in psychomotor disability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The applied investigation and experimental development project described in this paper has been carried out by Grupo Ingeniería Clínica of the Universidad Tecnológica Nacional together with two Special Education Schools dependent on the Ministry of Education of Córdoba Province. Its aim is the development of computer access assistive tools for students with mobility limitations, and with or without intellectual problems that need adaptations to access to a computer in order to learn, communicate, work, etc. On the other hand, it demonstrates the benefits that the use of a computer gives to these students. The evaluation of their performance was made trough Dr. Marianne Frostig's Developmental Test of Visual Perception and reading and writing graphic tests, comparing the results of the tests made on paper with those made on computer. Thus, an interdisciplinary team was formed by Engineering, Psychology and Special Education professionals, and 40 students were evaluated. The design of the mouse and keyboard had some adaptations. At present, the rating test stage is being achieved, and the preliminary results allow us to anticipate that pupils with psychomotor disabilities may manifest their perceptual ripeness and reach education in a more efficient way through the use of informatics tools according to their needs and possibilities.

Trento, I.; Santucci, M.; Tula, S.; González, E.

2007-11-01

343

Towards an Agenda for Disability Research in Europe: Learning from Disabled People's Organisations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper addresses the challenges of building capacity for collaborative participatory research with disabled people's organisations in European countries. The paper presents initial findings from the project "European Research Agendas for Disability Equality" (EuRADE), which seeks to build the capacity of civil society organisations to…

Priestley, Mark; Waddington, Lisa; Bessozi, Carlotta

2010-01-01

344

Suggestions for Modifications in the Teaching of General Chemistry to Accommodate Learning Disabled Students: Alternative Techniques for Teaching General Chemistry to Learning Disabled Students in the University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A professor involved with the HELDS project (Higher Education for Learning Disabled Students) describes modifications in a general chemistry course. A syllabus lists program objectives for eight text chapters, evaluation components, and course rules. Two units are described in detail, with information presented on modifications made for LD…

Habib, H. S.

345

Are We Exacerbating Students' Learning Disabilities? An Investigation of Preservice Teachers' Attributions of the Educational Outcomes of Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While claims of the importance of attribution theory and teachers' expectations of students for student performance are repeatedly made, there is little comprehensive research identifying the perceptions preservice teachers have of students with learning disabilities (LD). Accordingly, 444 Australian preservice primary school teachers were…

Woodcock, Stuart; Vialle, Wilma

2011-01-01

346

Comparison on testability of visual acuity, stereo acuity and colour vision tests between children with learning disabilities and children without learning disabilities in government primary schools  

PubMed Central

Context: Children with learning disabilities might have difficulties to communicate effectively and give reliable responses as required in various visual function testing procedures. Aims: The purpose of this study was to compare the testability of visual acuity using the modified Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) and Cambridge Crowding Cards, stereo acuity using Lang Stereo test II and Butterfly stereo tests and colour perception using Colour Vision Test Made Easy (CVTME) and Ishihara's Test for Colour Deficiency (Ishihara Test) between children in mainstream classes and children with learning disabilities in special education classes in government primary schools. Materials and Methods: A total of 100 primary school children (50 children from mainstream classes and 50 children from special education classes) matched in age were recruited in this cross-sectional comparative study. The testability was determined by the percentage of children who were able to give reliable respond as required by the respective tests. ‘Unable to test’ was defined as inappropriate response or uncooperative despite best efforts of the screener. Results: The testability of the modified ETDRS, Butterfly stereo test and Ishihara test for respective visual function tests were found lower among children in special education classes (P < 0.001) but not in Cambridge Crowding Cards, Lang Stereo test II and CVTME. Conclusion: Non verbal or “matching” approaches were found to be more superior in testing visual functions in children with learning disabilities. Modifications of vision testing procedures are essential for children with learning disabilities. PMID:24008790

Abu Bakar, Nurul Farhana; Chen, Ai-Hong

2014-01-01

347

Suggestopedia and Its Application to the Education of Children with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author examines literature and research relating to the use of suggestopedia, suggestive-accelerative learning and teaching--SALT, with learning disabled children. Chapter I introduces the topic of suggestopedia with definitions of related terminology, and information on the purpose, significance, and limitations of the study to investigate…

Brownlee, Phyllis Perdew

348

Mastery Goal Orientation, Hope, and Effort among Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student hope and effort are often considered by educators to be important factors related to learning and achievement. Yet few studies have been conducted to understand the relation between these constructs and achievement motivation, particularly within the academically vulnerable population of students with learning disabilities (LD). The…

Sapio, Melissa

2010-01-01

349

Literacy Transition Strategies for Upper Elementary Students with Language-Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning to read is the number one education priority in this nation. For the most part, upper-elementary students with language-learning disabilities (LLD) have not been included in the many regional and state initiatives to improve reading achievement and instruction. This article discusses how our knowledge and research about teaching beginning…

Montgomery, Judy K.; Hayes, Latisha L.

2005-01-01

350

Learning Disabilities and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Intelligent Well Educated Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This retrospective study examined scores for 111 adult participants on the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised, the Wide Range Achievement Test-III and the Nelson-Denny Reading Test. All participants were referred to a university clinic for learning problems. The participants were diagnosed with a learning disability, an…

Guyer, Kenneth E.; Guyer, Barbara P.; Banks, Steven R.

2008-01-01

351

Psychoneurological Assessment and Treatment of Language Disorders in Learning Disabled Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study investigated differences in language development between two groups of learning disabled (LD) high school students, 40 LD students in secondary regular classes, and 40 LD students integrated into regular secondary classes and receiving additional support through learning resource centers. The Test of Adolescent Language (TOAL) was used…

Kendall, William S.; Battles, Debra A.

352

The Effects of Year-Round School on Students with Learning Disabilities: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study investigated the effects of year-round school on students with learning disabilities at Abraxas High School in Poway, California. Abraxas is an alternative school that operates on a block schedule and year-round calendar. The researcher attempted to answer the question: How does year-round school impact students with learning

Pfeiffer, John, Jr.

2011-01-01

353

Collaborative Learning: Comparison of Outcomes for Typically Developing Children and Children with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Collaborative learning is widely used in mainstream education but rarely utilized with children who have intellectual disabilities, possibly on the assumption that the metacognitive skills on which it capitalizes are less likely to be available. Effects of collaborative learning experience on a core cognitive skill, sorting by category, were…

Wishart, J. G.; Willis, D. S.; Cebula, K. R.; Pitcairn, T. K.

2007-01-01

354

An Exploratory Study of Self-Directed Science Concept Learning by Students with Moderate Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation focused on the effects of a treatment package including multiple exemplar training, time delay, and a self-directed learning prompt (KWHL chart) on students' ability to complete an inquiry lesson independently and generalize to untrained materials. Three middle school students with moderate intellectual disabilities learned to…

Jimenez, Bree A.; Browder, Diane M.; Courtade, Ginevra R.

2009-01-01

355

Cue Cards: A Self-Regulatory Strategy for Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

General and special educators have used many instructional strategies to help students with learning disabilities (LD) succeed in school. One of those strategies is cue cards. As a vehicle for supporting evidence-based practices, cue cards help students (a) learn academic and behavioral steps, principles, procedures, processes, and rules; (b)…

Conderman, Greg; Hedin, Laura

2011-01-01

356

Reshuffling the Puzzle Pieces: Connecting Adult Developmental Theory to Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Defines learning disabilities and relates them to adult learning theory. Describes their impact on adults as they move through their developmental tasks. Compares biological and psychological models and discusses workplace accommodations, legal compliance, and suggestions for career counselors. Contains 60 references and a list of web resources.…

Price, Lynda; Patton, James

2002-01-01

357

Middle School Teachers' Expectations of Organizational Behaviors of Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this pilot study was to investigate the specific classroom organizational behaviors that middle school inclusive teachers report as expectations for students with learning disabilities. Practicing middle school science and social studies teachers (n = 12) responded to a survey about organization behaviors of students with learning

McMullen, Rebecca C.; Shippen, Margaret E.; Dangel, Harry L.

2007-01-01

358

Language Learning Disability and Individual Differences: Can We See between the Lines?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In honor of Dr. Katherine Butler's extraordinary leadership of "Topics in Language Disorders," this article takes up her 1982 challenge to reach toward greater understanding of individual differences in the use of oral and written language by children with language learning disability. The article focuses on 3 interconnected dimensions of learning

Silliman, Elaine R.

2010-01-01

359

Seasonal Affective Disorder and response to light in two patients with learning disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Seasonal Affective Disorder is now a well recognised variant of recurrent depressive disorder. No previous description of its occurrence in people with a learning disability has appeared. Methods: Two patients are described who manifested seasonal cycles in mood related behaviour. Results: Both patients were treated with bright artificial light and showed adequate clinical responses. Conclusion: Patients with a learning

L. B. Cooke; C. Thompson

1998-01-01

360

Inclusion and Healthcare Choices: The Experiences of Adults with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

People with learning disabilities have fewer choice opportunities than the general population. Existing research provides some insight, but the choice-making experiences of those who do not always utilise available healthcare remains under-explored. This research explored the choice-making experiences of two groups of individuals with a learning

Ferguson, Morag; Jarrett, Dominic; Terras, Melody

2011-01-01

361

Family Factors Associated with Academic Progress for Children with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Highlights four factors (acceptance of learning of problem, family engagement with achievement behavior, parental discipline method, role of the identified child) commonly observed in families that helped the identified child with learning disabilities reach its highest level of functioning by examining three families for a three-year period. (ABL)

Switzer, Lynn Stoll

1990-01-01

362

Reinforcer variation: implications for motivating developmentally disabled children.  

PubMed Central

Motivating developmentally disabled children to participate in educational activities can be very difficult. This is especially true for children diagnosed autistic. Because there is some evidence to suggest that stimulus variation may influence motivation, the present study investigated the effects of constant vs. varied reinforcer presentation on correct responding and on-task behavior. Results from a reversal design showed declining trends in both correct responding and on-task behavior when the same reinforcer was consistently presented, whereas, varying the reinforcers produced significantly improved and stable responding. the results are discussed in relation to the literature on stimulus variation and its effects on responsiveness. PMID:7298543

Egel, A L

1981-01-01

363

Adults with self-reported learning disabilities in Slovenia: findings from the international adult literacy survey on the incidence and correlates of learning disabilities in Slovenia.  

PubMed

This study of adults with self-reported learning disabilities (SRLD) in Slovenia is part of a larger secondary analysis of the data from the International Literacy Survey project (IALS). The purpose of the study was to examine the characteristics of 79 (2.68%) individuals who reported experiencing learning disabilities and compare them to the general population on a variety of indicators of educational background, employment status, and reading and writing activities at work and at home. The proficiency scores of the SRLD individuals were lower in all three literacy domains (prose, document and quantitative literacy). In prose literacy 77.9% of SRLD adults performed at Level 1 and only 7.8% reached the level necessary for a modern technological society. Experiencing learning disabilities was not related to gender or age, however, results showed significant differences between the levels achieved by older and younger people with SRLD. In SRLD groups aged 40 years and above, no one achieved more than the second level of literacy in any domain. Learning disabilities were reported more frequently in rural areas. SRLD groups achieve significantly lower educational attainment, and lower employment status, with a preference for manual labour or craft. These findings are of critical importance. SRLD people report that poorer literacy skills are an obstacle to their progression in employment. In the Slovene sample, the SRLD group stands out for low scores in quantitative literacy. Results show that they are less active, pick up information only auditorily or in short written form. They need more frequent help from relatives in literacy activities. Interpretation of the IALS data on SRLD presents many problems. These include amongst others, problems in terminology, different background factors, and the validity of self-report measures. However, the study also raises many interesting challenges for future research and policy. Increasing the availability of support, assistance and counselling for adolescents and adults with learning disabilities remains a very important goal for dyslexia and LD policies in Slovenia. PMID:14672511

Magajna, Lidija; Kavkler, Marija; Ortar-Krizaj, Martina

2003-11-01

364

Four Types of Disabilities: Their Impact on Online Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article introduced some of the issues and challenges faced by online learners who have disabilities by providing an overview of four major disability categories: visual impairments, hearing impairments, motor impairments, and cognitive impairments. It also discussed how assistive technologies and universal design are being incorporated in…

Crow, Kevin L.

2008-01-01

365

Incontinentia Pigmenti: Learning Disabilities Are a Fundamental Hallmark of the Disease  

PubMed Central

Studies suggest that genetic factors are associated with the etiology of learning disabilities. Incontinentia Pigmenti (IP, OMIM#308300), which is caused by mutations of the IKBKG/NEMO gene, is a rare X-linked genomic disorder (1?10000/20?000) that affects the neuroectodermal tissues. It always affects the skin and sometimes the hair, teeth, nails, eyes and central nervous system (CNS). Data from IP patients demonstrate the heterogeneity of the clinical phenotype; about 30% have CNS manifestations. This extreme variability suggests that IP patients might also have learning disabilities. However, no studies in the literature have evaluated the cognitive profile of IP patients. In fact, the learning disability may go unnoticed in general neurological analyses, which focus on major disabling manifestations of the CNS. Here, we investigated the neuropsychological outcomes of a selected group of IP-patients by focusing on learning disabilities. We enrolled 10 women with IP (7 without mental retardation and 3 with mild to severe mental retardation) whose clinical diagnosis had been confirmed by the presence of a recurrent deletion in the IKBKG/NEMO gene. The participants were recruited from the Italian patients' association (I.P.A.SS.I. Onlus). They were submitted to a cognitive assessment that included the Wechsler Adult Intelligence scale and a battery of tests examining reading, arithmetic and writing skills. We found that 7 patients had deficits in calculation/arithmetic reasoning and reading but not writing skills; the remaining 3 had severe to mild intellectual disabilities. Results of this comprehensive evaluation of the molecular and psychoneurological aspects of IP make it possible to place “learning disabilities” among the CNS manifestations of the disease and suggest that the IKBKG/NEMO gene is a genetic determinant of this CNS defect. Our findings indicate the importance of an appropriate psychoneurological evaluation of IP patients, which includes early assessment of learning abilities, to prevent the onset of this deficit. PMID:24489960

Pizzamiglio, Maria Rosa; Piccardi, Laura; Bianchini, Filippo; Canzano, Loredana; Palermo, Liana; Fusco, Francesca; D'Antuono, Giovanni; Gelmini, Chiara; Garavelli, Livia; Ursini, Matilde Valeria

2014-01-01

366

Incontinentia pigmenti: learning disabilities are a fundamental hallmark of the disease.  

PubMed

Studies suggest that genetic factors are associated with the etiology of learning disabilities. Incontinentia Pigmenti (IP, OMIM#308300), which is caused by mutations of the IKBKG/NEMO gene, is a rare X-linked genomic disorder (1:10000/20:000) that affects the neuroectodermal tissues. It always affects the skin and sometimes the hair, teeth, nails, eyes and central nervous system (CNS). Data from IP patients demonstrate the heterogeneity of the clinical phenotype; about 30% have CNS manifestations. This extreme variability suggests that IP patients might also have learning disabilities. However, no studies in the literature have evaluated the cognitive profile of IP patients. In fact, the learning disability may go unnoticed in general neurological analyses, which focus on major disabling manifestations of the CNS. Here, we investigated the neuropsychological outcomes of a selected group of IP-patients by focusing on learning disabilities. We enrolled 10 women with IP (7 without mental retardation and 3 with mild to severe mental retardation) whose clinical diagnosis had been confirmed by the presence of a recurrent deletion in the IKBKG/NEMO gene. The participants were recruited from the Italian patients' association (I.P.A.SS.I. Onlus). They were submitted to a cognitive assessment that included the Wechsler Adult Intelligence scale and a battery of tests examining reading, arithmetic and writing skills. We found that 7 patients had deficits in calculation/arithmetic reasoning and reading but not writing skills; the remaining 3 had severe to mild intellectual disabilities. Results of this comprehensive evaluation of the molecular and psychoneurological aspects of IP make it possible to place "learning disabilities" among the CNS manifestations of the disease and suggest that the IKBKG/NEMO gene is a genetic determinant of this CNS defect. Our findings indicate the importance of an appropriate psychoneurological evaluation of IP patients, which includes early assessment of learning abilities, to prevent the onset of this deficit. PMID:24489960

Pizzamiglio, Maria Rosa; Piccardi, Laura; Bianchini, Filippo; Canzano, Loredana; Palermo, Liana; Fusco, Francesca; D'Antuono, Giovanni; Gelmini, Chiara; Garavelli, Livia; Ursini, Matilde Valeria

2014-01-01

367

Learning and reconsolidation implicate different synaptic mechanisms.  

PubMed

Synaptic mechanisms underlying memory reconsolidation after retrieval are largely unknown. Here we report that synapses in projections to the lateral nucleus of the amygdala implicated in auditory fear conditioning, which are potentiated by learning, enter a labile state after memory reactivation, and must be restabilized through a postsynaptic mechanism implicating the mammalian target of rapamycin kinase-dependent signaling. Fear-conditioning-induced synaptic enhancements were primarily presynaptic in origin. Reconsolidation blockade with rapamycin, inhibiting mammalian target of rapamycin kinase activity, suppressed synaptic potentiation in slices from fear-conditioned rats. Surprisingly, this reduction of synaptic efficacy was mediated by post- but not presynaptic mechanisms. These findings suggest that different plasticity rules may apply to the processes underlying the acquisition of original fear memory and postreactivational stabilization of fear-conditioning-induced synaptic enhancements mediating fear memory reconsolidation. PMID:23487762

Li, Yan; Meloni, Edward G; Carlezon, William A; Milad, Mohammed R; Pitman, Roger K; Nader, Karim; Bolshakov, Vadim Y

2013-03-19

368

Effects of Extended Time Allotments on Reading Comprehension Performance of College Students with and without Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students with disabilities often receive test accommodations in schools and on high-stakes tests. Students with learning disabilities (LD) represent the largest disability group in schools, and extended time the most common test accommodation requested by such students. This pairing persists despite controversy over the validity of extended time…

Lewandowski, Lawrence; Cohen, Justin; Lovett, Benjamin J.

2013-01-01

369

Women with learning disabilities and Read coding: Lessons from a cohort study  

PubMed Central

Background The aim was to examine any differences in the way that Read codes are applied to the records for female patients with learning disabilities across three PCT areas. To ascertain the most commonly used read codes for learning disability. Methods This was a retrospective cohort study carried out in Bury, Heywood-and-Middleton and Rochdale PCTs. All women in the eligible age-group (25–64) as of the 1st June, 2005, who were in contact with the Learning Disabilities Teams in the relevant PCT areas were identified from the Teams' lists. The appropriate Read Codes were then used to identify women on GP systems. Patient data is stored on the GP database systems (Vision, EMIS, EMIS PC4 and Torex) and it was possible to search for patients with learning disabilities. Results The use of Read Codes varies across the three areas. The most commonly used Read codes were E3 (Mental Retardation) – 27%, PJ0. (Down's Syndrome) – 14% and Eu81z (Learning Disabilities) – 8%. In 24% of the records a Read Code had not been documented. Conclusion Read codes application varies between GP surgeries – dependent on PCT policy and the surgery's approach and also as a result of staff time. PMID:18647408

Reynolds, Fiona; Stanistreet, Debbi L

2008-01-01

370

Social support networks, stress, sense of coherence and academic success of university students with learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study evaluated the extent to which 191 university students with learning disabilities (LD) differed from 190\\u000a students without disabilities in terms of their perceived social support, stress and sense of coherence. The study also investigated\\u000a students’ perceptions of their academic success at university as compared with their rating of their struggles and failures.\\u000a Findings indicated that students with

Tali Heiman

2006-01-01

371

English language learners with learning disabilities interacting in a science class within an inclusion setting  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In today's schools there are by far more students identified with learning disabilities (LD) than with any other disability. The U.S. Department of Education in the year 1997--98 reported that there are 38.13% students with LD in our nations' schools (Smith, Polloway, Patton, & Dowdy, 2001; U.S. Department of Education, 1999). Of those, 1,198,200 are considered ELLs with LD (Baca & Cervantes. 1998). These figures which represent an increase evidence the need to provide these students with educational experiences geared to address both their academic and language needs (Ortiz, 1997; Ortiz, & Garcia, 1995). English language learners with LD must be provided with experiences in the least restrictive environment (LRE) and must be able to share the same kind of social and academic experiences as those students from the general population (Etscheidt & Bartlett, 1999; Lloyd, Kameenui, & Chard, 1997) The purpose of this research was to conduct a detailed qualitative study on classroom interactions to enhance the understanding of the science curriculum in order to foster the understanding of content and facilitate the acquisition of English as a second language (Cummins, 2000; Echevarria, Vogt, & Short, 2000). This study was grounded on the theories of socioconstructivism, second language acquisition, comprehensible input, and classroom interactions. The participants of the study were fourth and fifth grade ELLS with LD in a science elementary school bilingual inclusive setting. Data was collected through observations, semi-structured interviews (students and teacher), video and audio taping, field notes, document analysis, and the Classroom Observation Schedule (COS). The transcriptions of the video and audio tapes were coded to highlight emergent patterns on the type of interactions and language used by the participants. The findings of the study intend to provide information for teachers of ELLs with LD about the implications of using classroom interactions point to: students more actively engaged, an increase in the acquisition of L2, development of science content vocabulary, and a willingness of students to take risks.

Ayala, Vivian Luz

372

Better Access to Primary Healthcare for Adults with Learning Disabilities: Evaluation of a Group Programme to Improve Knowledge and Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The health of people with learning disabilities is poor when compared with the general population but this difference is not reflected in higher rates of access to primary healthcare. This paper will report on a study undertaken to run and evaluate a 12-week programme to enable people with learning disabilities to better access primary healthcare.…

Webb, Jenny; Stanton, Melanie

2009-01-01

373

An Investigation of Social Behaviors of Primary School Children in Terms of Their Grade, Learning Disability and Intelligence Potential  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, to what extent 7-9-year old primary school children's' social behaviors at school vary depending on their grade, gender and learning disability was investigated. In addition, the predictive value of the intelligence scores of children with normal development and with learning disability was explored for their negative and…

Yukay Yuksel, Muge

2013-01-01

374

The contribution of phonological skills to spelling, word recognition, and reading comprehension in learning-disabled and achieving readers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relative contribution of phonological skills to the word recognition, spelling, and reading comprehension of learning disabled and achieving readers. A learning disabled sample (LD) consisting of 38 students (mean age = 10.10 years) was compared to two achieving reader groups: a younger, reading level matched sample (RL) consisting of 41 students

John Francis Kugler

1993-01-01

375

Experiences of the Implementation of a Learning Disability Nursing Liaison Service within an Acute Hospital Setting: A Service Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It has been well documented that people with learning disabilities receive poor care in acute settings. Over the last few years, a number of learning disability liaison nurse services have developed in the United Kingdom as a response to this, but there has been a failure to systematically gather evidence as to their effectiveness. This article…

Castles, Amy; Bailey, Carol; Gates, Bob; Sooben, Roja

2014-01-01

376

General and Domain-Specific Self-Concepts of Adults with Learning Disabilities: A Meta-Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The empirical literature investigating general and domain-specific self-concepts of adults with learning disabilities was examined using meta-analytic techniques. Eight inclusion criteria were developed to evaluate this literature and led to the inclusion of 22 studies. Results indicated that adults with learning disabilities reported lower…

Nelson, Jason M.

2012-01-01

377

Too Much Time on Sycamore Street: A Self-Help Resource for Adolescents and Adults with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is specifically written for dyslexic or learning disabled individuals seeking insight into their disorder and its effects on their lives. The material is divided into 52 chapters, which are written expressly so that they will not be intimidating to learning disabled individuals. The chapters are drawn from issues that the author is asked…

Bauer, James J.

378

The Secondary to Postsecondary Transition Process for Learning Disabled Adolescents and Adults: An Annotated Bibliography. Supplement #2. A Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The supplement to a previous bibliography lists 40 references concerned with the transition of learning-disabled (LD) students from secondary to postsecondary and work settings. An introduction notes the bibliography's emphasis on the following areas: (1) the psychosocial impact of learning disabilities on adolescent and adult development; (2)…

Price, Lynda

379

Bare Bones: An Introduction to Physical Anthropology. Alternative Techniques for Teaching Physical Anthropology to Learning Disabled Students in the University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The booklet describes approaches to teaching learning disabled students introductory physical anthropology, as related by a professor involved in the Higher Education for Learning Disabled Students (HELDS) program. The author suggests ways to identify LD students through observation of short attention span, restlessness, and marked discrepancies…

Sands, Catherine J. MacMillan

380

Stanford-Binet: Fourth Edition short forms with underachieving and learning disabled students.  

PubMed

55 students referred to a Child Development Center for academic underachievement and suspected learning disabilities were administered the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale: Fourth Edition, Pearson product-moment correlation coefficients of .98, .95, and .90 were obtained for the Test Composite with those for 6-, 4-, and 2-test Partial Composites derived from this administration, respectively. These values are compared with coefficients reported for other populations, and the suitability of the Stanford-Binet Partial Composites for screening underachievement and learning disabilities is discussed. PMID:8873787

Lawson, T T; Evans, L D

1996-08-01

381

The Spiral Curriculum: implications for online learning  

PubMed Central

Background There is an apparent disjuncture between the requirements of the medical spiral curriculum and the practice of replacing previous online material in undergraduate courses. This paper investigates the extent to which students revisit previous online material for the purposes of building the educational spiral, and the implications for the implementation of a Faculty's Learning Management System implementation. Methods At the University of Cape Town, medical students' last date of access to 16 previous online courses was determined. Students completed a survey to determine their reasons for revisiting this material and the perceived benefits of this availability. Results 70% of the students revisited their previous online courses. The major reasons were to review lecture presentations, lectures notes, and quizzes. The perceived benefits were for understanding new material, preparation for assessments, and convenience. Although student comments were not always in line with the concept of the spiral curriculum, most referred to processes of building on previous work, and some mentioned the spiral curriculum specifically. Conclusion This study suggests that the practice of replacing previous online courses may hinder rather than support student learning. Although students visit previous material for ranges of reasons, a large number are aware of the spiral curriculum, and use the online environment to build upon previous material. Any practice, which entails replacing material and redesigning curricula content may be detrimental to the students' future learning needs, and such activities may need revision. PMID:18154654

Masters, Kenneth; Gibbs, Trevor

2007-01-01

382

When can animation improve learning? Some implications for human computer interaction and learning  

E-print Network

When can animation improve learning? Some implications for human computer interaction and learning in the literature of mental model construction and human-computer interaction (HCI) (Carroll, 2003; de Kleer & Brown on the findings of this study, we present some implications for learning and human-computer interaction

383

Science learning and literacy performance of typically developing, at-risk, and disabled, non-English language background students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Current education reform calls for excellence, access, and equity in all areas of instruction, including science and literacy. Historically, persons of diverse backgrounds or with disabilities have been underrepresented in science. Gaps are evident between the science and literacy achievement of diverse students and their mainstream peers. The purpose of this study was to document, describe, and examine patterns of development and change in the science learning and literacy performance of Hispanic students. The two major questions of this study were: (1) How is science content knowledge, as evident in oral and written formats, manifested in the performance of typically developing, at-risk, and disabled non-English language background (NELB) students? and (2) What are the patterns of literacy performance in science, and as evident in oral and written formats, among typically developing, at-risk, and disabled NELB students? This case study was part of a larger research project, the Promise Project, undertaken at the University of Miami, Coral Gables, Florida, under the sponsorship of the National Science Foundation. The study involved 24 fourth-grade students in seven classrooms located in Promise Project schools where teachers were provided with training and materials for instruction on two units of science content: Matter and Weather. Four students were selected from among the fourth-graders for a closer analysis of their performance. Qualitative and quantitative data analysis methods were used to document, describe, and examine specific events or phenomena in the processes of science learning and literacy development. Important findings were related to (a) gains in science learning and literacy development, (b) students' science learning and literacy development needs, and (c) general and idiosyncratic attitudes toward science and literacy. Five patterns of science "explanations" identified indicated a developmental cognitive/linguistic trajectory in science learning. Students' learning needs appeared related to (a) depth of science knowledge, and (b) written communication in science. Students' performances and attitudes suggested a continuum of readiness for science inquiry. Differences in performances and attitudes revealed curricular, personal, social, cultural, cognitive, metacognitive, and linguistic aspects that could impact science learning and literacy development. Implications for instruction and assessment were discussed. Suggestions for further research were presented.

Larrinaga McGee, Patria Maria

384

Learning a Living: A Guide to Planning Your Career and Finding a Job for People with Learning Disabilities, Attention Deficit Disorder, and Dyslexia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a guide to career planning and finding a job for high school and college students and graduates with learning disabilities, attention deficit disorder, and dyslexia. The guide, which is written from the perspective of an individual with firsthand experience with a learning disability, explains how individuals can find the best…

Brown, Dale S.

385

Negotiated meanings of disability simulations in an adapted physical activity course: learning from student reflections.  

PubMed

Disability simulations have been used as a pedagogical tool to simulate the functional and cultural experiences of disability. Despite their widespread application, disagreement about their ethical use, value, and efficacy persists. The purpose of this study was to understand how postsecondary kinesiology students experienced participation in disability simulations. An interpretative phenomenological approach guided the study's collection of journal entries and clarifying one-on-one interviews with four female undergraduate students enrolled in a required adapted physical activity course. The data were analyzed thematically and interpreted using the conceptual framework of situated learning. Three themes transpired: unnerving visibility, negotiating environments differently, and tomorrow I'll be fine. The students described emotional responses to the use of wheelchairs as disability artifacts, developed awareness of environmental barriers to culturally and socially normative activities, and moderated their discomfort with the knowledge they could end the simulation at any time. PMID:24762388

Leo, Jennifer; Goodwin, Donna

2014-04-01

386

Influence of service-learning on kinesiology students' attitudes toward P-12 students with disabilities.  

PubMed

Employing a grounded theory approach, the purpose of this study was to qualitatively examine the influence of service-learning (SL) on undergraduate kinesiology students' attitudes toward and experiences working with P-12 students with disabilities. Fourteen (9 female, 5 male) kinesiology students enrolled in an adapted physical education class participated in one of three focus group interviews regarding their experiences of working with P-12 students with disabilities. All interview data were analyzed following procedures outlined by Strauss and Corbin (1998). The following five themes represent the participants' experiences and attitudes toward P-12 students with disabilities after their involvement in a SL project: (a) initial reactions, (b) selection of P-12 students, (c) preconceived attitudes, (d) the benefits of SL, and (e) positive experience. All 14 of the participants who volunteered to share their experiences indicated that the SL experience positively affected their attitudes toward individuals with disabilities. PMID:24762389

Roper, Emily Ann; Santiago, José A

2014-04-01

387

Cross-Learning: The Possibilities of a Learning Dialogue between the HIV and AIDS and Disability Movements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sub-Saharan Africa is the region of the world most affected by HIV & AIDS, accounting for two-thirds of the global burden of the pandemic. People with disabilities are regarded as a high-risk group for HIV but have been largely neglected in programmes of education, treatment and support. This paper examines the possibilities for a learning

Rule, Peter

2011-01-01

388

TALENT-ed and TYPE III: An Effective Learning Strategy for Gifted Students Who Are Learning Disabled  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators agree that a student can display gifted behavior and learning disabilities (GLD) simultaneously. Some of these students thrive when exploring advanced level investigative projects which require higher order thinking skills (HOTS) and creation of an original product. This article presents a GLD case story as an example of successful…

Newman, Jane L.; Zupko, Sue

2006-01-01

389

Art, Disability, Learning and the Dance of My Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

I use my passion and skills as an artist to deal with my various disabilities resulting from brain tumour surgery. The "artvantages" of this approach have been many: improved self-esteem and a greater sense of wellbeing, to name just two. On reflection and after revisiting the experiences of my healing journey, I now know when this journey began.…

Thorley, Faith

2011-01-01

390

Narrative Research Methodologies: Learning Lessons from Disabilities Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presenting research well with regard to persons with disabilities is as important as conducting research well. Disembodied, technical writing does not accurately represent the dramas of athletes, fans, and people who are trying to exist in damaged or violated bodies. Our stories are left incomplete if we omit the metaphoric and symbolic codes we…

Block, Betty Ann; Weatherford, Gwendolyn M.

2013-01-01

391

The Metacognitive Functioning of Middle School Students with and without Learning Disabilities During Mathematical Problem Solving  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate the metacognitive functioning of students with learning disabilities (LD), low-achieving (LA) students, and average-achieving (AA) students within the context of math problem solving. Metacognition, that is, the awareness individuals have regarding their own mental processes and ability to self-regulate performance, is an important predictor of learning. Deficits in metacognition have been attributed

Carly Mara Sweeney

2010-01-01

392

Educational Assessment: A Guide for Teachers of the Learning Disabled. Revised Edition. Bulletin No. 5232.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for teachers of the learning disabled (LD), the guide addresses philosophical and procedural issues in assessment. The first section introduces a philosophical framework which views assessment as an ongoing, goal-directed, integral part of the overall educational process. The remainder of the guide focuses on Wisconsin's procedures for…

Wisconsin State Dept. of Public Instruction, Madison. Div. for Handicapped Children and Pupil Services.

393

Activities Ideas Definition Strategies (AIDS). Learning Disabilities: A Book of Resources for the Classroom Teacher.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for regular classroom teachers with learning disabled children in their classes, the manual provides information and/or teaching ideas in 34 areas. Most sections are organized into three parts--examples of student behaviors, a discussion, and suggestions. Individual sections deal with the following areas: allergy, associative…

Barkin, Barbara; And Others

394

Training a Paraprofessional to Implement "Spelling Mastery" and Examining Its Effectiveness for Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to train a paraprofessional to implement the Direct Instruction (DI) "Spelling Mastery" (Dixon, Engelmann, & Bauer, 1990a, 1990b) program and to investigate the effectiveness of the instruction delivered by the paraprofessional for students with learning disabilities. We investigated (a) the extent to which the…

Owens, Sherie H.; Fredrick, Laura D.; Shippen, Margaret E.

2004-01-01

395

Tiers of Intervention in Responsiveness to Intervention: Prevention Outcomes and Learning Disabilities Identification Patterns  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Response to Intervention (RTI) models have attracted great attention as an alternative to traditional methods used for identifying students with learning disabilities. A major feature of this approach is the implementation of academic interventions in general education and measuring the student's response to those interventions. A common question…

Marston, Douglas

2005-01-01

396

Using Curriculum-Based Measurement To Establish Growth Standards for Students with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Illustrates how curriculum-based measurement (CBM) can be used to establish academic growth standards for students with learning disabilities in the area of reading. An introduction to CBM and to the basic concepts underlying the use of CBM in establishing growth standards is provided. Issues and conclusions about appropriate methods for…

Deno, Stanley L.; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Marston, Douglas; Shin, Jongho

2001-01-01

397

Performance Changes on the K-TEA: Brief Form for Learning-Disabled Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Measured performance changes on the Kaufman Test of Educational Achievement: Brief Form over a three-year retest interval. Learning-disabled students (n=52) were retested following 3 years of special education services. Results showed an average decrease of 3.33 points in Battery Composite, Math, Reading, and Spelling. Presents other results and…

Hewett, J. Barry; Bolen, Larry M.

1996-01-01

398

Increasing Achievement of Learning Disabled Students by Measuring and Controlling Task Difficulty.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents procedures, forms, and instructional techniques used to increase achievement of learning-disabled students through measuring and controlling task difficulty during classroom instruction time. These techniques are especially recommended for classrooms using individualization and small group instruction. (Author/PB)

Wilson, Rich; Wesson, Caren

1991-01-01

399

The Role of Instructional Planning in Math Instruction for Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructional planning is an essential skill for teaching mathematics to students with learning disabilities and other struggling learners. The authors' frame of reference is based on their experiences in developing and testing mathematic lessons for the Blending Assessment With Instruction Program (BAIP) over a five-year period. The authors…

Meyen, Edward; Greer, Diana

2009-01-01

400

Perceived Social Support and Self-Esteem in Adolescents with Learning Disabilities at a Private School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated perceived social support and self-esteem in 66 students who attended a private school for students with learning disabilities. Results from a hierarchical regression analysis indicated that support from parents predicted 35% of the variance in global self-worth. Support from classmates, close friends, and teachers did not make…

LaBarbera, Robin

2008-01-01

401

Influence of Gender and Ability on the Performance of College Students with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of 172 male and 120 female college students with learning disabilities investigated interaction of gender and ability on cognitive, language, and achievement variables. Most measures were strongly related to general cognitive ability. Gender differences were found for general short-term memory on one cognitive measure and the…

Gregg, Noel; Ferri, Beth; Hoy, Cheri; Stennett, Robert B.

2000-01-01

402

Naming Speed and Effortful and Automatic Inhibition in Children with Arithmetic Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We report a two-year longitudinal study aimed at investigating the rate of access to numerical and non-numerical information in long-term memory and the functioning of automatic and effortful cognitive inhibition processes in children with arithmetical learning disabilities (ALDs). Twelve children with ALDs, of age 9.3 years, and twelve…

D'Amico, Antonella; Passolunghi, Maria Chiara

2009-01-01

403

Name that Word: Using Song Lyrics to Improve the Decoding Skills of Adolescents with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many adolescents, especially those with learning disabilities, lack basic word identification skills. Finding motivating instructional techniques to improve word-level reading skills is increasingly difficult as students move through the grades. One technique that holds promise in motivating adolescents involves using song lyrics from their…

Hines, Sara J.

2010-01-01

404

Phonological Awareness, Peer Nominations, and Social Competence among Preschool Children at Risk for Developing Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the relationship between phonological awareness skills and social-emotional competence among 98 Israeli preschool children, 39 at risk for developing learning disabilities. Children at risk had lower phonological awareness measures, viewed themselves as more lonely, felt less confident, and were less accepted by peers. (Contains…

Most, Tova; Al-Yagon, Michal; Tur-Kaspa, Hana; Margalit, Malka

2000-01-01

405

Fact Retrieval Deficits in Low Achieving Children and Children with Mathematical Learning Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using 4 years of mathematics achievement scores, groups of typically achieving children (n = 101) and low achieving children with mild (LA-mild fact retrieval; n = 97) and severe (LA-severe fact retrieval; n = 18) fact retrieval deficits and mathematically learning disabled children (MLD; n = 15) were identified. Multilevel models contrasted…

Geary, David C.; Hoard, Mary K.; Bailey, Drew H.

2012-01-01

406

Using Inquiry-Based Instruction for Teaching Science to Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of inquiry-based science instruction for five elementary students with learning disabilities (LD). Students participated in a series of inquiry-based activities targeting conceptual and application-based understanding of simple electric circuits, conductors and insulators, parallel circuits, and…

Aydeniz, Mehmet; Cihak, David F.; Graham, Shannon C.; Retinger, Larryn

2012-01-01

407

An Investigation Of Students With Mild Learning Disabilities Reactions To Participating In Sexuality Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates 35 students with mild learning disabilities reactions to participating in a research project exploring their sexual knowledge, attitudes and behaviour. Students completed an informed consent procedure prior to their participation in the sexuality research and all were interviewed using a confidential interview procedure.…

Thomas, Gail; Kroese, Biza Stenfert

2005-01-01

408

Transition Scenarios for Young People with Learning Disabilities in Spain. Relationships and Discrepancies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines transition scenarios to adult and active life in Spain from an inclusive viewpoint. For people with learning disabilities, the transition to adult life is a particularly complex process worldwide, and this is especially true in Spain. The multitude of services and professionals involved, the diversity of views regarding what…

Pallisera, Maria

2011-01-01

409

Reading Comprehension Strategy Instruction and Attribution Retraining for Secondary Students with Learning and Other Mild Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A pre-post experimental design with 6-week delayed posttest was implemented to investigate the effects of reading comprehension strategy (RCS) instruction with and without attribution retraining (AR) on reading outcomes for seventh, eighth, and ninth graders with learning and other mild disabilities. Students were randomly assigned to one of three…

Berkeley, Sheri; Mastropieri, Margo A.; Scruggs, Thomas E.

2011-01-01

410

Counselor Intervention in the Post-Secondary Planning of African American Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Transitioning African American students with learning disabilities from high school to post secondary education requires that school counselors be flexible in their roles and functions. This is critical as school counselors work within personal and sociohistorical prisms that impact counseling programs and services for this population. In this…

Durodoye, Beth A.; Combes, Bertina H.; Bryant, Rhonda M.

2004-01-01

411

Event-Related EEG Oscillations to Semantically Unrelated Words in Normal and Learning Disabled Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning disabilities (LD) are one of the most frequent problems for elementary school-aged children. In this paper, event-related EEG oscillations to semantically related and unrelated pairs of words were studied in a group of 18 children with LD not otherwise specified (LD-NOS) and in 16 children with normal academic achievement. We propose that…

Fernandez, Thalia; Harmony, Thalia; Mendoza, Omar; Lopez-Alanis, Paula; Marroquin, Jose Luis; Otero, Gloria; Ricardo-Garcell, Josefina

2012-01-01

412

Toward Defining Discrepancies for Specific Learning Disabilities: An Analysis and Alternatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three investigations examined the effects of IQ and chronological age (CA) on the calculation of severe discrepancy levels of 102 hypothetical and 125 actual severely learning disabled students (5 to 17 years old). Results indicated that IQ was highly influential on obtained severe discrepancy levels (SDLs) and related percentage discrepancies;…

Algozzine, Bob; And Others

413

Developing the Pregnancy Support Pack for People Who Have a Learning Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The literature agrees that an increasing number of people who have a learning disability have children. This group of parents are expected to fit into existing health services and are disadvantaged when presented with complex information regarding pregnancy and birth. There is a dearth of information in relation to accessible information on…

Porter, Eleanor; Kidd, Gillian; Murray, Nicola; Uytman, Clare; Spink, Allison; Anderson, Bethany

2012-01-01

414

Managing Chronic Pain in People with Learning Disabilities: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chronic pain is a prevalent, under-diagnosed problem in the learning disability population. This is in part due to communication problems, unrecognized pain behaviours and the effects of medication. As a consequence, chronic pain often goes untreated and causes ongoing distress. This paper initially describes the main research that has been…

Lewis, Sarah; Bell, Dorothy; Gillanders, David

2007-01-01

415

Preparing Students with Learning Disabilities for Large-Scale Writing Assessments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides recommendations for teachers to better prepare 3rd through 12th grade students with learning disabilities for large-scale writing assessments. The variation across large-scale writing assessments and the multiple needs of struggling writers indicate the need for test preparation to be embedded within a comprehensive,…

Olinghouse, Natalie G.; Colwell, Ryan P.

2013-01-01

416

A Meta-Analysis of Writing Interventions for Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this meta-analysis, the impact of writing interventions on the quality of writing produced by students with learning disabilities (LD) was assessed. Ancestral and electronic searches were used to locate experimental, quasi-experimental, and within-subjects design studies with participants in Grades 1-12 with documented LD. The effects of…

Gillespie, Amy; Graham, Steve

2014-01-01

417

Integrative Strategy Instruction: An Elusive Ideal for Teaching Adolescents with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper suggests that Edwin Ellis' model for integrative strategy instruction, as applied to teaching adolescents with learning disabilities, requires further development in two areas: (1) the issue of what constitutes a thorough and valid educational model, and (2) the issue of how educational change can be successfully implemented. (JDD)

Hutchinson, Nancy L.

1993-01-01

418

Development of Science Simulations for Mildly Mentally Retarded or Learning Disabled Students. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This final report describes the development of eight computer based science simulations designed for use with middle school mainstreamed students having learning disabilities or mild mental retardation. The total program includes software, a teacher's manual, 3 videos, and a set of 30 activity worksheets. Special features of the software for…

Macro Systems, Inc., Silver Spring, MD.

419

Children's Attitudes towards ADHD, Depression and Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), depression and general learning disabilities (LD) are common difficulties for British primary school children. It has been found that characteristics associated with these difficulties can result in negative attitudes and stigma from other children, causing problems with peer relationships.…

Bellanca, Faye Francesca; Pote, Helen

2013-01-01

420

Intelligence, Achievement, and Visual-Motor Performance among Learning Disabled and Emotionally Impaired Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated the test performance of learning disabled and emotionally impaired children to aid in identification and differentiation of the two groups. A cut off score on the WISC-R, WRAT, and MPD was established that significantly separated the groups. The best predictors of achievement varied for the two groups. (JAC)

Fuller, Gerald B.; Goh, David S.

1981-01-01

421

Teaching Vocabulary with Students with Learning Disabilities Using Classwide Peer Tutoring and Constant Time Delay  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effectiveness and efficiency of combining classwide peer tutoring (CWPT) and constant time delay (CTD) on the academic performance of 3 students with learning disabilities (LD) and 15 students without LD enrolled in an inclusive sixth-grade language arts class. Treatment integrity checklists were used to measure the extent…

Hughes, Trudie A.; Fredrick, Laura D.

2006-01-01

422

Longitudinal Effects of ADHD in Children with Learning Disabilities or Emotional Disturbances  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the high prevalence of comorbidity between attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and learning disabilities (LD) or emotional disturbances (ED), few studies have examined the long-term effects of these comorbid relationships on student outcomes. We estimated the longitudinal academic, social, and behavioral outcomes in children…

Wei, Xin; Yu, Jennifer W.; Shaver, Debra

2014-01-01

423

Inclusion or Control? Commissioning and Contracting Services for People with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rise of new public management has seen the role of the social worker becoming increasingly administrative and less about face to face contact with service users. When commissioning managers seek to help people with learning disabilities plan their services, who actually makes the decisions? Direct payments are proposed as the answer for people…

Concannon, Liam

2006-01-01

424

Pain in People with Learning Disabilities in Residential Settings--The Need for Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This audit investigated residential staff beliefs around pain thresholds and strategies they adopt to recognise and manage pain in people with learning disabilities across Surrey. A structured interview was constructed to elicit information. Results demonstrated that pain is not being effectively recognised or managed by residential staff in…

Beacroft, Monica; Dodd, Karen

2010-01-01

425

An Exploration of Equitable Science Teaching Practices for Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, a mixed methods approach was used to gather descriptive exploratory information regarding the teaching of science to middle grades students with learning disabilities within a general education classroom. The purpose of this study was to examine teachers' beliefs and their practices concerning providing equitable opportunities for…

Morales, Marlene

2011-01-01

426

Silencing the Center: Local Knowledge and Imported Model in Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study investigates the interaction between local and imported knowledges in a specific case of transnational importation; the whole-sale importation of the American medical learning disabilities (LDs) model in Kuwait. A discourse analysis of the narratives of local educators at the only school for LDs in the country reveals a…

Bazna, Maysaa

2009-01-01

427

The Effects of Text Structure Discrimination Training on the Writing Performance of Students with Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine whether teaching three participants with learning disabilities to name and identify critical components (i.e., opening sentence, detail sentences, and key words) for four expository text structures, and to discriminate between well-written and poorly written components would improve their expository writing performance. After instruction, one participant immediately improved her expository paragraph writing skills.

Terry L. Miller; Benjamin Lignugaris-Kraft

2002-01-01

428

The Social Adjustment and Self-Concept of Adults with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the social adjustment and self-concept of 81 adults (18 to 26 years of age), of whom half had received special education services for learning disabilities. No significant differences were found between groups on social adjustment or self-concept scales. Achievement and IQ measures, collectively, were good predictors of global…

Lewandowski, Lawrence; Arcangelo, Karen

1994-01-01

429

Junior / Community College Students with Learning Disabilities and Their Use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Junior / community college students who have learning disabilities (LD), such as dyslexia, often do not maximize their use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) for school work. They do not use many of these technologies nor do they know as much about them as other students. These are the results of an Adaptech Research Network…

Nguyen, Mai Nhu; Fichten, Catherine; King, Laura; Barile, Maria; Mimouni, Zohra; Havel, Alice; Raymond, Odette; Juhel, Jean-Charles; Jorgensen, Shirley; Chauvin, Alexandre; Gutberg, Jennifer; Budd, Jillian; Hewlett, Maureen; Heiman, Tali; Gaulin, Chris; Asuncion, Jennison

2013-01-01

430

Effects of Repeated Readings on Reading Abilities of English Language Learners with Specific Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effects of repeated readings on the reading abilities of 4, third-, fourth-, and fifth-grade English language learners (ELLs) with specific learning disabilities (SLD). A multiple baseline probe design across subjects was used to explore the effects of repeated readings on four dependent variables: reading fluency…

Landa, Katrina G.

2009-01-01

431

Significant Predictors of Test Anxiety among Students with and without Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the present study, the relationship between students with and without learning disabilities (LD) and different aspects of test anxiety was examined on a new multidimensional measure of test anxiety. A sample of 774 elementary and secondary school students--195 students with LD and 579 students not identified with LD--completed the "Test Anxiety…

Whitaker Sena, Jolyn D.; Lowe, Patricia A.; Lee, Steven W. Whitaker Sena, Jolyn D.; Lowe, Patricia A.; Lee, Steven W.

2007-01-01

432

The Effects of Educational Kinesiology upon the Static Balance of Learning Disabled Boys and Girls.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study sought to: (1) determine whether Educational Kinesiology (E-K) integration movements have an effect upon the static balance of learning disabled elementary students; (2) determine if E-K repatterning increases the effects of the movements; and (3) examine possible gender differences. Sixty elementary school students were matched on age…

Khalsa, Guruchiter K.; Sifft, Josie M.

433

An Examination of Orthoptic Vision and Balance Performance of Nonhandicapped and Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared orthoptic vision development and balance performance of nonhandicapped and learning disabled children between the ages of 10 and 13 years of age. Each subject was individually administered two orthoptic vision screening tests (Cover Test and Biopter), a dynamic balance test using a changing consistency board, and two static…

Folsom-Meek, Sherry L.; And Others

434

The Effects of Background Music on Learning Disabled Elementary School Students' Performance in Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated effects of background music on writing performance of nine 6th grade students with learning disabilities at one suburban public elementary school in the mid-Atlantic region of the United States. A single-subject A-B-A design was utilized, and results from graded writing prompts with and without background music over 21…

Legutko, Robert S.; Trissler, Theodore T.

2012-01-01

435

People with a Learning Disability as Trainers: Evaluation of a Values Based Pilot Training Programme  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the findings of an independent evaluation of a pilot project in Northern Ireland called "Telling it like it is!" (TILII) conducted over a 2 year timeframe (2005-2007). Seven people with a learning disability were recruited and trained as TILII trainers. With the help of a project facilitator, they designed and presented a…

Black, Lesley-Ann; Roberts, Paul

2009-01-01

436

The Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Middle School Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between emotional intelligence and academic success in middle school students with learning disabilities. Emotional Intelligence (EI) was measured using the BarOn Emotional Quotient Inventory: Youth Version (BarOn EQ-i: YV). The results of the BarOn EQ-i: YV was then compared to…

Petersen, Vanessa C.

2010-01-01

437

Cognitive Behavior Modification, Direct Instruction and Holistic Approaches to the Education of Students with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cognitive behavior modification (CBM), Direct Instruction (DI), and holistic approaches to the education of students with learning disabilities are compared for purposes of identifying similarities and differences in instructional practice. Comparative discussions are organized around four distinctions: specific vs. general, bottom-up vs.…

Tarver, Sara G.

1986-01-01

438

The Perceptions of Learning Disabilities by General Education and Special Classroom Teachers in Korea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the perceptions of learning disabilities (LD) by 65 general and 52 special educators in Korea and their opinions about including students with LD in general education classrooms. Results indicated that general educators were aware of the characteristics of LD but not enough to identify them in individual students. In…

Kim, Kyeong-Hwa

2005-01-01

439

Evaluation of the Tomatis Listening Training Program with Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Forty-two students (aged 8 to 12) with developmental learning disabilities who had or had not participated in a one year evaluation of the Tomatis Listening Training Program, completed a battery of tests assessing intelligence, academic achievement, linguistic skills, and other traits. Results failed to support the educational effectiveness of the…

Kershner, John R.

1986-01-01

440

Two-Year Evaluation of the Tomatis Listening Training Program with Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thirteen children (age 8-14) with an auditory-linguistic subtype of learning disability participated for 1 year in a Tomatis Program of auditory training and were assessed in a 2-year follow-up study. Results fail to support educational efficacy of the program but do support the efficacy of less exotic remedial procedures. (Author/JDD)

Kershner, John R.; And Others

1990-01-01

441

WAIS-R Scores as Predictors of Employment Success and Failure among Adults with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eighty-six adults (mean age 26 years) with learning disabilities were evaluated clinically using the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised (WAIS-R). Significant relationships were identified between subjects' WAIS-R intelligence quotients and scaled scores and job success. (Author/DB)

Faas, Larry A.; D'Alonzo, Bruno J.

1990-01-01

442

Academic Self-Efficacy of Post-Secondary Students with and without Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Predicted and actual scores on subtests of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised (WAIS-R) and the Wide Range Achievement Test-Revised (WRAT-R) were obtained from 40 normally achieving postsecondary students (NA) and 92 adult students with learning disabilities (LD). LD students had major deficits in reading-related areas. It was…

Slemon, Jill C.; Shafrir, Uri

443

Social Competence of Students with Learning Disabilities Using a Risk-Resilience Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children with learning disabilities (LD) makeup 50.5% of all children identified for special services in the schools. Research has found that children with LD have difficulties in areas of functioning related to social competence. This study is based on a risk and resilience model to explore external protective factors (friendships and social…

Benowitz, Alison Joy

2010-01-01

444

Norms and Goals of Appraisal of German Teachers for Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although there is an ongoing debate about which achievement feedback is most useful, the majority of researchers agree that social comparisons and a focus on competition are inappropriate for students with learning disabilities and otherwise academically-challenged students. They are highly at-risk to be unfavorably influenced by inappropriate…

Wilbert, Jurgen; Grunke, Matthias

2010-01-01

445

Short-Term and Working Memory Differences in Language/Learning Disabled and Normal Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fifteen adults who reported a childhood history of speech-language and/or learning disability were tested on two verbal memory tasks. Their performance on sentence repetitions and reading span measures was compared to a control group. Results indicated statistically significant group performance differences on both short-term and working memory…

Isaki, Emi; Plante, Elena

1997-01-01

446

A Rapid Screening Measure for the Identification of Visuospatial Learning Disability in Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An 18-item "Shortened Visuospatial Questionnaire" (SVS) was validated twice, first by verifying that children (ages 8-13) identified with the SVS questionnaire as having visuospatial learning disability (VSLD) (n=54) actually showed visuospatial deficits on psychometric evaluation, and second, by rating with the SVS a clinically identified…

Cornoldi, Cesare; Venneri, Annalena; Marconato, Fabio; Molin, Adriana; Montinari, Cinzia

2003-01-01

447

Effects of Explicit Subtraction Instruction on Fifth Grade Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study involved an investigation of the effects of strategy instruction integrated with the concrete-representational-abstract teaching sequence on students with learning disabilities. A multiple probe design across subjects with one replication was used in this study. Two sets of data were analyzed to determine effectiveness of the…

Ferreira, Danielle

2009-01-01

448

A Critique of the Application of Sensory Integration Therapy to Children with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article critically examines issues of whether children with learning disabilities differentially exhibit concomitant problems in sensory integration (SI) and whether such children are helped by SI therapy. It concludes that research findings indicate that SI therapy is not merely unproven but a demonstrably ineffective remedial treatment for…

Hoehn, Theodore P.; Baumeister, Alfred A.

1994-01-01

449

The Role of Morphological Awareness in Reading Comprehension among Typical and Learning Disabled Native Arabic Speakers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This work examines the role of morphological awareness in contrast to phonological processing in reading comprehension amongst two groups of native Arabic children: a group with learning disabilities (LD) and a mainstream group who were matched to the LD group in age or reading level. Measures of reading comprehension fluency, phonological skills,…

Mahfoudhi, Abdessatar; Elbeheri, Gad; Al-Rashidi, Mousa; Everatt, John

2010-01-01

450

The Effectiveness of the Skillsstreaming Social Skills Program for Students with Learning and Language Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Skillstreaming" Social Skills Program was piloted to determine its effects on learning and language disabled students' perception of their social skills. Teacher and parent perceptions of these students' use of social skills were also examined. Seventh and eighth grade students (N = 16) from a city public school completed social skills…

Timochko, Melissa

2011-01-01

451

Literature-Based Social Skills Instruction: A Strategy for Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social skill deficits and learning disabilities often coexist. Academic work is negatively impacted by students' lack of social skills. Remediation of these deficits in pull-out programs has not generally resulted in transfer to real-world settings. Embedding social skills instruction within literature during a read-aloud session taught in the…

Womack, Sue A.; Marchant, Michelle; Borders, Deah

2011-01-01

452

An Alternative Approach to Identifying Students with Learning Disabilities in Australian Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the validity of using teacher-administered educational and intelligence tests to screen students for learning disabilities (LDs). Twenty-seven Technical and Further Education (TAFE) students from regional Victoria who were enrolled in a program that was designed to reconnect school dropouts with education via TAFE participated…

Skues, Jason L.; Cunningham, Everarda G.

2013-01-01

453

Assistive Technology and Adults with Learning Disabilities: A Blueprint for Exploration and Advancement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes assistive technologies for persons with learning disabilities, including word processing, spell checking, proofreading programs, outlining/"brainstorming" programs, abbreviation expanders, speech recognition, speech synthesis/screen review, optical character recognition systems, personal data managers, free-form databases,…

Raskind, Marshall

1993-01-01

454

Nonverbal Learning Disability: How To Recognize It and Minimize Its Effects. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This digest provides an overview of nonverbal learning disabilities (NLD) along with principles for designing and implementing instructional interventions to address its effects. It begins by explaining characteristics of students with NLD, including their tendency to focus on details rather than on the larger picture, the difficulties they may…

Foss, Jean M.

455

Criminal Offending and Learning Disabilities in New Zealand Youth: Does Reading Comprehension Predict Recidivism?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sixty youth (16-19 years) from two youth prison sites participate in a prospective study examining criminal offending and learning disabilities (LD), completing measures of estimated IQ, attention, reading, and mathematical and oral language abilities. Prevalence rates of LDs exceed those of international studies, with 91.67% of the offenders…

Rucklidge, Julia J.; McLean, Anthony P.; Bateup, Paula

2013-01-01

456

K-12 Online Learning and Students with Disabilities: Perspectives from State Special Education Directors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

K-12 special education policies and practices that ensure students with disabilities receive a free, appropriate public education in the least restrictive environment are coming under pressure from the rapid expansion of online learning. Forty-six state and non-state jurisdiction special education directors responded to a brief survey about K-12…

Burdette, Paula J.; Greer, Diana L.; Woods, Kari L.

2013-01-01

457

Error Analysis of Mathematical Word Problem Solving across Students with and without Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Solving word problems is a common area of struggle for students with learning disabilities (LD). In order for instruction to be effective, we first need to have a clear understanding of the specific errors exhibited by students with LD during problem solving. Error analysis has proven to be an effective tool in other areas of math but has had…

Kingsdorf, Sheri; Krawec, Jennifer

2014-01-01

458

Using Number Lines to Solve Math Word Problems: A Strategy for Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students with learning disabilities (LD) consistently struggle with word problem solving in mathematics classes. This difficulty has made curricular, state, and national tests particularly stressful, as word problem solving has become a predominant feature of such student performance assessments. Research suggests that students with LD perform…

Gonsalves, Nicola; Krawec, Jennifer

2014-01-01

459

Critical Factors in Reading Comprehension Instruction for Students with Learning Disabilities: A Research Synthesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review examined the effectiveness of critical factors in instruction for improving the reading comprehension of middle school students with learning disabilities. Five critical factors were identified: (i) type of instructional methods, (ii) self-monitoring, (iii) components of reading incorporated, (iv) fidelity of instruction (scripted vs.…

Kim, Woori; Linan-Thompson, Sylvia; Misquitta, Radhika

2012-01-01

460

Investigation of the Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery--Children's Revision with Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twenty-three learning disabled (LD) children (age 8-12 years) and 15 nondisabled children (age 8-12 years) were individually administered the Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery-Children's Revision (LNNB). Means and standard deviations for each of the test's scales were computed by group, and individual T-tests were calculated for…

Boliek-Uphoff, Carol; Obrzut, John E.

461

Reading Achievement Trajectories for Students with Learning Disabilities during the Elementary School Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using hierarchical linear modeling and longitudinal data from the first 6 waves of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten cohort, the authors examined reading achievement and growth rates by learning disability (LD) subgroup. The 2-level (time-student) growth curve model indicated that lower levels of reading achievement were already…

Judge, Sharon; Bell, Sherry Mee

2011-01-01

462

Treatment Integrity in Learning Disabilities Intervention Research: Do We Really Know How Treatments Are Implemented?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of intervention articles published in major learning disabilities journals over the past 5 years found only 18.5 percent of these studies measured the integrity with which treatments were implemented, thus casting doubt on treatment effectiveness. This article discusses treatment integrity logic, threats to experimental validity without…

Gresham, Frank M.; MacMillan, Donald L.; Beebe-Frankenberger, Margaret E.; Bocian, Kathleen M.

2000-01-01

463

Tic Disorders and Learning Disability: Clinical Characteristics, Cognitive Performance and Comorbidity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tics are involuntary movements or sounds. Tourette syndrome is one of a family of tic disorders that affect around 1% of the population but which remains underrecognised in the community. In paediatric special education learning disability classes, the prevalence of individuals with tic disorders is around 20-45%--higher still in special education…

Eapen, Valsamma; Crncec, Rudi; McPherson, Sarah; Snedden, Corina

2013-01-01

464

Making a Difference. Visual Health Needs of People with a Learning Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the findings from a study to assess the impact of corrective eye treatment in adults with a learning disability. The Special Visual Assessment Clinic (SVAC) is an optometry led multi professional service delivered in a Resource Centre in Belfast, Northern Ireland. The study, which included user and carer input in its design,…

McGlade, Anne; Bickerstaff, David; Lindsay, Jennifer; McConkey, Roy; Jackson, Jonathan

2010-01-01

465

Exercising Choice and Control--Women with Learning Disabilities and Contraception  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research project used semi-structured in-depth interviews to ask women with learning disabilities about the experience of being prescribed contraception. It also asked general practitioners about their prescribing practices through a postal survey. A service user group was involved at different stages of the project. Most of the women…

McCarthy, Michelle

2010-01-01

466

What We Know about Literacy Practices for Adults with Learning Disabilities: A Review of Published Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research on literacy practices for adults with learning disabilities was reviewed. A computerized search of four databases--Dissertation Abstracts International (DAI), ERIC, Psychological Abstracts (PA), and Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI)--yielded more than 500 pertinent publications that were published during the past 14 years. Of the…

Scanlon, David; Mellard, Daryl F.; Garrison, Steven; Lancaster, Sean; Mellard, Jessica; Rausch, Trena

467

Strategies for Teaching Algebra to Students with Learning Disabilities: Making Research to Practice Connections  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To improve student success in mathematics, the use of research-based interventions is necessary to help secondary students with learning disabilities (LD) access the algebra curriculum. The authors provide an overview of the following research-based approaches: explicit instruction, graduated instructional sequence, technology, and graphic…

Strickland, Tricia K.; Maccini, Paula

2010-01-01

468

An Examination of the Ways that Students with Learning Disabilities Solve Fraction Computation Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to better understand how students with learning disabilities, including those who struggle specifically with mathematics, engage with fraction computation. In particular, we examined error patterns, the influence of like and unlike denominators on these patterns, and correct solution methods. Although skill-related…

Newton, Kristie J.; Willard, Catherine; Teufel, Christopher

2014-01-01

469

The Science and Politics of Gifted Students with Learning Disabilities: A Social Inequality Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers and advocates who argue for increased recognition of gifted students with learning disabilities (G/LD students) often frame their arguments in terms of the need to increase the diversity and inclusiveness of gifted education. However, the criteria used to identify G/LD students are sufficiently vague and fluid that the G/LD category…

Lovett, Benjamin J.

2013-01-01

470

Teaching Adolescent Students with Learning Disabilities to Self-Advocate for Accommodations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the general education classroom students with learning disabilities (LD) often need academic accommodations to be successful. These accommodations are typically selected and implemented by their general education teachers, not by the students themselves. High school students with LD were taught to recognize when an accommodation was needed,…

Prater, Mary Anne; Redman, Ashleigh Smith; Anderson, Darlene; Gibb, Gordon S.

2014-01-01

471

Bullying and Victimization Experiences in Elementary School Students Nominated by Their Teachers for Specific Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study sought to investigate self-reported bullying and victimization experiences among students nominated by their teachers as meeting the criteria for Specific Learning Disabilities (SLD). A total of 346 students attending the upper three grade-levels of Greek primary schools participated in the study. Fifty of them were identified by their…

Kokkinos, Constantinos M.; Antoniadou, Nafsika

2013-01-01

472

Narrative and Expository Writing of Adolescents with Language-Learning Disabilities: A Pilot Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We evaluated the narrative and expository writing samples of 12 adolescents with language-learning disabilities (LLD) in Grades 6 to 12 for elements of microstructure (e.g., productivity, grammatical complexity) and macrostructure (genre-specific text structure elements) using an experimental measure. Writing samples were elicited with…

Hall-Mills, Shannon; Apel, Kenn

2013-01-01

473

Equity or Marginalization?: The High School Course-Taking of Students Labeled with a Learning Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Placement of some students into the courses needed only for high school graduation and others into those that prepare them for college constitutes academic stratification. This study uses data from the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 to investigate whether students labeled with learning disabilities complete fewer academic courses by the end…

Shifrer, Dara; Callahan, Rebecca M.; Muller, Chandra

2013-01-01

474

Confessions and Reflections of the Black Sheep of the Learning Disabilities Field  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The educational systems in all countries have failed to adequately address the problems of students with learning disabilities. Antisocial behaviour, homelessness, mental health problems and even suicide are a result. This article will explore the reasons for this state of affairs. One of the major reasons is excessive reliance on testing without…

Siegel, Linda S.

2012-01-01

475

Improving Secondary Learning Disabilities Programs: A System-Wide Participatory Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a systemwide participatory planning model designed to facilitate improvement of secondary learning disabilities programs. The model had three phases: central program planning and description, school-based program planning, and implementation and evaluation. This program generated a sense of shared ownership and direction among one…

Billingsley, Bonnie S.; Houck, Cherry K.

1988-01-01

476

Comparison of Narrative and Expository Writing in Students with and without Language-Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Students with language-learning disabilities (LLD) demonstrate difficulties with written language, especially in the areas of productivity, complexity, and grammar. It is not clear how these deficits affect their performance on high-stakes tests, such as those required by the No Child Left Behind Act (U.S. Department of Education, 2002).…

Koutsoftas, Anthony D.; Gray, Shelley

2012-01-01

477

Specialized Reading Instruction for Adolescents with Learning Disabilities: What Special Education Co-Teachers Say  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this exploratory study, secondary special education co-teachers report about specialized reading instruction for students with learning disabilities in co-taught classes. Almost half of the respondents were concerned that reading instruction was not occurring in co-taught classes. One-third were concerned reading instruction was not occurring…

King-Sears, Margaret E.; Bowman-Kruhm, Mary

2011-01-01

478

Design and Implementation of a Software Training Program for Students with Learning and Behavioral Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This practicum was designed to increase the skills of 13 middle school students with learning and behavioral disabilities in the use of personal productivity software. In addition, teacher training and motivational activities were included. Consultation with the school technology instructor and creative scheduling provided the students with hours…

Seferian, Robert

479

Delayed Special Education Placement for Learning Disabilities among Children of Immigrants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prior theory and research suggest that children of immigrants would be at especially high risk for special education placement with learning disabilities. However, their longitudinal special education placement patterns have received scant attention. This study examines temporal patterns of special education placement among children of immigrants,…

Hibel, Jacob; Jasper, Andrea D.

2012-01-01

480

Teachers and Occupational Therapists: A Partnership for Children with Special Needs: The Learning Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seven characteristics of the learning disabled child are described and suggestions to remediate these problems, from the viewpoint of an occupational therapist, are provided. Following are the seven areas (with sample teaching suggestions in parentheses): (1)tactile defensiveness (encourage children to use sand, clay, and finger paint with sawdust…

Kauffman, Nancy Allen

481

Mathematics Learning Disability in Girls with Turner Syndrome or Fragile X Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two studies were carried out to examine the persistence (Study 1) and characteristics (Study 2) of mathematics learning disability (MLD) in girls with Turner syndrome or fragile X during the primary school years (ages 5-9 years). In Study 1, the rate of MLD for each syndrome group exceeded the rate observed in a grade-matched comparison group,…

Murphy, Melissa M.; Mazzocco, Michele M. M.; Gerner, Gwendolyn; Henry, Anne E.

2006-01-01

482

Sentence Imitation in Kindergarten Children at Risk for Learning Disability: A Comparative Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Carrow Elicited Language Inventory was used to compare imitation skills of kindergarten children identified as high risk for learning disability with those of a normal control group. Significant differences were found between groups in the total number of errors and ability to imitate adjectives, conjuctions, pronouns, and verbs. (Author/CL)

Swift, Carol

1984-01-01

483

The University of Connecticut Program for Learning Disabled College Students. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document provides the final report of a two-year effort to develop a model program of services for learning disabled (LD) students in a university setting in the state of Connecticut. Program development and service delivery goals are charted along with evaluation procedures and projected timelines include the following objectives: to develop…

Norlander, Kay; And Others

484

Competencies for Teachers Who Instruct Children with Learning Disabilities. Project I.O.U.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report lists competencies for teachers in every day interactions with learning disabled students. Developed by a task force, the competencies are intended to serve as general guidelines. Information is presented on the goal, assessment competencies, and instructional competencies for the following areas: classroom management, spoken language,…

Keegan, William

485

Effects of Attributional Retraining on Strategy-Based Reading Comprehension in Learning-Disabled Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seventy-five learning-disabled students (10 to 14 years old) received instructions about summarization strategies and about personal causality that were designed to improve reading comprehension. Changes in antecedent attributions about personal causality were not usually altered by this program-specific attributional training, although…

Borkowski, John G.; And Others

1988-01-01

486

Postsecondary Education and Transition for Students with Learning Disabilities. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This text is designed to help postsecondary education personnel initiate or refine college programs for the increasing numbers of students with learning disabilities. Following an introductory chapter, chapters have the following titles: (1) "A Comprehensive Approach to Transition Planning"; (2) "Judicial Intent and Legal Precedents" (Laura F.…

Brinckerhoff, Loring C.; McGuire, Joan M.; Shaw, Stan F.

487

Diverse Students with Learning Disabilities: Building Coherence in Personal and Fictional Narratives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared oral personal and fictional narratives of diverse (African American and Caucasian) students with and without learning disabilities. Naturalistic conversation with embedded narrative prompts and supports provided the context for narrative elicitation. The participants were 82 fourth to seventh graders from urban and suburban…

Celinska, Dorota K.

2010-01-01

488

A Synthesis of Mathematical and Cognitive Performances of Students with Mathematics Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to synthesize the findings from 23 articles that compared the mathematical and cognitive performances of students with mathematics learning disabilities (LD) to (a) students with LD in mathematics and reading, (b) age- or grade-matched students with no LD, and (c) mathematical-ability-matched younger students with no…

Shin, Mikyung; Bryant, Diane Pedrotty

2015-01-01

489

Foundations of Education and the Mildly Learning Disabled: Toward a New Understanding. Draft.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The literature of the "foundations of education" field (e.g. social, philosophic, psychological) is examined to provide a better understanding of the relationship between schooling and culture as it applies to mildly learning disabled students. A "radical paradigm" is applied which sees schools as serving the interests of elites, as reinforcing…

Sigmon, Scott B.

490

Cross Dressing and Gender Dysphoria in People with Learning Disabilities: A Descriptive Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We aimed to determine the characteristics of people with learning disability who cross-dress or who have gender dysphoria. Using a retrospective review of anonymised data from clinical records about people referred to a specialist service. All 13 participants cross-dressed and 12 were biological males. Only one person was in a core transsexual…

Parkes, Georgina; Hall, Ian; Wilson, Daniel

2009-01-01

491

The Test-Taking Strategy Intervention for College Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Limited research exists related to empirically validated strategies to assist college students with learning disabilities (LD). Given that students with LD demonstrate both fewer test-taking skills and higher levels of test anxiety than their peers without LD, and poor test-taking skills contribute to higher levels of test anxiety, such research…

Holzer, Mary LaFrance; Madaus, Joseph W.; Bray, Melissa A.; Kehle, Thomas J.

2009-01-01

492

Selected Linguistic and Perceptual Abilities of Empirically Derived Subgroups of Learning Disabled Readers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Linguistic and perceptual tests were administered to learning disabled readers (LDR) and normal readers (NR). Results found six LDR subgroups all significantly different. Differences were found among the six LDR subgroups on measures of oral reading, reading comprehension, and spelling skills, but not on family history and developmental…

Lyon, Reid; And Others

1981-01-01

493

Breast Cancer Screening in Women with Learning Disabilities: Current Knowledge and Considerations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As people with learning disabilities now live longer, they will experience the same age-related illnesses as the general population and cancer is a prime example of this. In women, cancer screening is used to detect early on-set of cancer of the breast and abnormalities of the cervix which might, if left untreated, develop into cancer.…

Willis, Diane S.; Kennedy, Catriona M.; Kilbride, Lynn

2008-01-01

494

The Effects of EEG Biofeedback Training on Hyperactive and/or Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The literature review presents an explanation of biofeedback and a critical evaluation of the research pertaining to electroencephalographic (EEG) biofeedback training for the hyperactive and/or learning disabled child. Three hypotheses are examined: whether EEG biofeedback training is efficacious; whether EEG biofeedback training is more…

Kassel, Steve

495

Using a Direct Instruction Flashcard System with Two Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: The use of Direct Instruction (DI) flashcards has been suggested as an effective classroom intervention procedure. The present case report examined the use of DI flashcards with two adolescents with learning disabilities. Objectives: The purpose of this research was to increase the correct rate and decrease the error rate for…

Glover, Patti; McLaughlin, Thomas; Derby, K. Mark; Gower, Jan

2010-01-01

496

A Follow-Up Study of Learning Disabled Programs in California Community Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to identify and describe the programs and services offered by California community colleges to meet the needs of learning disabled average (LDA) students. The survey of 106 California community colleges sought information on program characteristics, and on the identification and assessment methods employed by the colleges.…

Ostertag, Bruce A.; Baker, Ronald E.

497

Improving Prediction of Significant Career-Related Constructs for High School Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preparing students with learning disabilities (LDs) to make the transition into the world of work is considered an essential preparation that high schools can provide. However, existing services are limited for career development preparation, and available programs rely on assessments normed for samples of students without LDs. This study examined…

Dipeolu, Abiola O.; Hargrave, Stephanie; Sniatecki, Jessica L.; Donaldson, Joseph

2012-01-01

498

Increasing the Social Studies Reading Comprehension of Middle School Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This action research project sets out to identify which component of multi-text instruction is most effective in increasing the reading comprehension level of middle school students with learning disabilities. The research is going to be conducted over a two-week time period during the Spring 2009 with three male middle school students with…

Bryski, Crystal

2009-01-01

499

Andragogy for Teen and Young Adult Learners with Intellectual Disabilities: Learning, Independence, and Best Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teens and young adults with Intellectual Disabilities (ID) meet the criteria of teen and adult learners chronologically, but may be deficient in many other areas of teen and adult learning. The spectrum of intellectual and adaptive capabilities among teens and adults with ID is vast, with each individual being unique. There are specific teaching…

Bowman, Stephanie L.; Plourde, Lee A.

2012-01-01

500

Assessing the Communication Skills of Carers Working with Multiple Learning Disabilities: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Speech and language therapists (SLTs) working with adults who have multiple learning disabilities and complex communication needs often deliver their care via indirect therapy where SLTs train carers to communicate with their clients. Yet, very little is known about how SLTs assess the carers' communication skills prior to the training…

Koski, Katja; Launonen, Kaisa

2012-01-01