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1

Learned-Helplessness Theory: Implications for Research in Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The application of learned helplessness theory to achievement is discussed within the context of implications for research in learning disabilities. Finally, the similarities between helpless children and learning disabled students in terms of problems solving and attention are discussed. (Author)

Canino, Frank J.

1981-01-01

2

Implications of the Final Procedures for Evaluating Specific Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussed are some negative implications of the final federal rules for evaluating specific learning disabilities (Federal Register, December 29, 1977), which conceptually redefined learning disabilities to mean an "underachievement." (DLS)

Senf, Gerald M., Ed.

1978-01-01

3

Serving Adults with Learning Disabilities: Implications for Effective Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains four monographs on serving adults with learning disabilities. The preface (Mary Ann Corley) explains how the papers were commissioned. The primary and secondary characteristics of learning-disabled adults and the implications of those characteristics for adult literacy programs are discussed in "Characteristics of Adults…

Lenz, B. Keith, Ed.; Sturomski, Neil A.; Corley, Mary Ann

4

Learning Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

NINDS Learning Disabilities Information Page Table of Contents (click to jump to sections) What are Learning Disabilities? Is there ... Trials Organizations Additional resources from MedlinePlus What are Learning Disabilities? Learning disabilities are disorders that affect the ...

5

Learning Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... have a learning disability. There are as many learning styles as there are individuals. For example, some people learn by doing and practicing, while others learn by listening (such as in ... seems to be a learning disability is simply a delay in development; the ...

6

The Implications of the Risk and Resilience Literature for Gifted Students with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the risk and resilience literature, focusing on the protective factors in the lives of both gifted individuals and those with learning disabilities. Implications for gifted children with learning disabilities are discussed and recommendations are suggested for nurturing resilience in these students. (Contains references.)…

Dole, Sharon

2000-01-01

7

Learning disabilities.  

PubMed

Approximately 5% of all public school students are identified as having a learning disability (LD). LD is not a single disorder, but includes disabilities in any of seven areas related to reading, language, and mathematics. These separate types of learning disabilities frequently co-occur with one another and with social skill deficits and emotional or behavioral disorders. Most of the available information concerning learning disabilities relates to reading disabilities, and the majority of children with learning disabilities have their primary deficits in basic reading skills. An important part of the definition of LD is its exclusions: learning disabilities cannot be attributed primarily to mental retardation, emotional disturbance, cultural difference, or disadvantage. Thus, the concept of LD focuses on the notion of a discrepancy between a child's academic achievement and his or her apparent capacity to learn. Recent research indicates, however, that disability in basic reading skills is primarily caused by deficits in phonological awareness, which is independent of any achievement-capacity discrepancy. Deficits in phonological awareness can be identified in late kindergarten and first grade using inexpensive, straightforward testing protocol. Interventions have varying effectiveness, depending largely on the severity of the individual child's disability. The prevalence of learning disability identification has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. The "real" prevalence of LD is subject to much dispute because of the lack of an agreed-upon definition of LD with objective identification criteria. Some researchers have argued that the currently recognized 5% prevalence rate is inflated; others argue that LD is still underidentified. In fact, it appears that there are both sound and unsound reasons for the increase in identification rates. Sound reasons for the increase include better research, a broader definition of disability in reading, focusing on phonological awareness, and greater identification of girls with learning disabilities. Unsound reasons for the increase include broad and vague definitions of learning disability, financial incentives to identify students for special education, and inadequate preparation of teachers by colleges of education, leading to overreferral of students with any type of special need. There is no clear demarcation between students with normal reading abilities and those with mild reading disability. The majority of children with reading disabilities have relatively mild reading disabilities, with a smaller number having extreme reading disabilities. The longer children with disability in basic reading skills, at any level of severity, go without identification and intervention, the more difficult the task of remediation and the lower the rate of success. Children with extreme deficits in basic reading skills are much more difficult to remediate than children with mild or moderate deficits. It is unclear whether children in the most severe range can achieve age- and grade-approximate reading skills, even with normal intelligence and with intense, informed intervention provided over a protracted period of time. Children with severe learning disabilities are likely to manifest an increased number of and increased severity of social and behavioral deficits. When children with disabilities in reading also manifest attention deficit disorder, their reading deficits are typically exacerbated, more severe, and more resistant to intervention. While severe reading disorders are clearly a major concern, even mild deficits in reading skills are likely to portend significant difficulties in academic learning. These deficits, too, are worthy of early identification and intervention. Even children with relatively subtle linguistic and reading deficits require the expertise of a teacher who is well trained and informed about the relationships between language development and reading development. PMID:8689262

Lyon, G R

1996-01-01

8

Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Children, adolescents, and young adults diagnosed with a learning disability have a constellation of symptoms that result\\u000a in significant functional impairments. Youth who experience learning disabilities may also have additional behavioral symptoms\\u000a that complicate diagnosis. Early recognition and intervention may have significant impact on long-term positive outcomes.\\u000a Interventions include behavioral academic, psycho-educational, as well as individual and family therapy. This

Helen D. Pratt; Donald E. Greydanus

9

Learning Disabilities and ADHD  

MedlinePLUS

... disabilities Learning disabilities and ADHD Learning disabilities and ADHD Learning disabilities affect how you understand, remember, and ... learning skills, including memory tips from LD Online. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) top ADHD is a medical condition that ...

10

Better Understanding Learning Disabilities: New Views from Research and Their Implications for Education and Public Policies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book examines critical issues in classification and definition of learning disabilities; the development of theory in learning disabilities; the development of cognitive, developmental, and educational models of learning disabilities; and social and public policy in learning disabilities. After an introductory chapter by G. Reid Lyon and…

Lyon, G. Reid, Ed.; And Others

11

Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Learning disability (LD) refers to a condition in which a child fails to develop adequate academic skills, such as reading,\\u000a writing, or calculation. LDs involve inadequate development of academic skills, rather than representing a loss of previously\\u000a acquired function, although brain lesions may certainly result in cognitive deficits that affect reading, writing, and calculation\\u000a (for a review, see Heilman and

Gayle K. Deutsch; Robert N. Davis

12

Research and Educational Implications of Some Recent Conceptualizations in Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The three theories considered are H. S. Adelman's interactional model of learning disabilities, A. O. Ross' theory of developmental lag in selective attention, and J. K. Torgesen's conceptualization of the learning disabled child as an inactive learner. (Author/DLS)

Wong, Bernice

1979-01-01

13

Language-Based Learning Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

Language-Based Learning Disabilities What is a language-based learning disability ? What are some signs or symptoms ... a language-based learning disability ? What is a language-based learning disability? Language-based learning disabilities are ...

14

Learning disabled students' difficulties in learning to use a word processor: implications for design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning disabled students can derive great benefits from using work processors. The ability to produce a neat, printed copy can increase motivation and encourage writing for a wider audience. The editing power makes revision possible without tedious re-copying, thus freeing students and teachers to approach writing as a process involving repeated drafts. Specific problems with handwriting and spelling can also

Charles A. Macarthur; Ben Shneiderman

1986-01-01

15

The Use of Psychotropic Medication with Adults with Learning Disabilities: Survey Findings and Implications for Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the findings of a survey into prescribing of psychotropic medication with adults with learning disabilities in a British city. A self-completion questionnaire was sent to staff in dispersed housing and community learning disability teams to gather information about the number of people prescribed psychoactive medication, the…

Chapman, Melanie; Gledhill, Paul; Jones, Phillip; Burton, Mark; Soni, Saroj

2006-01-01

16

What Are Learning Disabilities?  

MedlinePLUS

... disability is not an indication of a person’s intelligence. Also, learning disabilities are not the same as ... Support for Neuroscience Research NIH grantee develops new technology to recognize words via brain activity patterns All ...

17

Learning Disabilities: Implications for Policy Regarding Research and Practice--A Report by the National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities March 2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Founded in 1975, the National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities (NJCLD) is a national committee of representatives of 12 organizations committed to the education and welfare of individuals with learning disabilities. More than 350,000 individuals constitute the membership of the organizations represented by the NJCLD. The NJCLD considers…

Learning Disability Quarterly, 2011

2011-01-01

18

English Language Learners and Learning Disabilities: Research Agenda and Implications for Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although little is known about learning disabilities (LDs) in English language learners (ELLs), there is a substantial knowledge base about the identification, assessment, and intervention of and for LDs in monolingual native English-speaking students. Building on this knowledge, participants at an October 2003 National Symposium on Learning

McCardle, Peggy; Mele-McCarthy, Joan; Leos, Kathleen

2005-01-01

19

Differences in Performance between Students with Learning Disabilities and Mild Mental Retardation: Implications for Categorical Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We reviewed eight studies that described learning differences between students with learning disabilities (LD) and students with mild mental retardation (MMR). A total of 639 students, 6-20 years old, participated in these studies. Study authors examined students' inductive reasoning and their performance during guided inquiry and more lengthy…

Caffrey, Erin; Fuchs, Douglas

2007-01-01

20

Learning Disabilities and Employment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides information on preparing individuals with learning disabilities for the challenges of employment and outlines the rights of those with learning disabilities in the workplace. Introductory chapters in Part 1 include: "Life after School: Challenges in the Workplace" (Paul J. Gerber); "The New Economy in the 21st Century:…

Gerber, Paul J., Ed.; Brown, Dale S., Ed.

21

Approach to learning disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning disabilities (LD) is one of the important causes of poor academic performance in school going children. Learning\\u000a disabilities are developmental disorders that usually manifest during the period of normal education. These disabilities create\\u000a a significant gap between the true potential and day to day performance of an individual. Dyslexia, dysgraphia and dyscalculia\\u000a denote the problem related to reading, writing

Madhuri Kulkarni; Sarika Kalantre; Shubhangi Upadhye; Sunil Karande; Sanjeev Ahuja

2001-01-01

22

Mathematics Assessment Accommodations: Implications of Differential Boost for Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The inclusion of students with learning disabilities (LD) in assessment is deemed critical to improve the quality of educational opportunities for these students and to provide meaningful and useful information about student performance. Mandated inclusion and accountability for progress raise many interesting questions regarding how to fairly,…

Lindstrom, Jennifer H.

2010-01-01

23

Responsiveness-to-Intervention: Definitions, Evidence, and Implications for the Learning Disabilities Construct  

Microsoft Academic Search

Longstanding concern about how learning disabilities (LD) are defined and identified, coupled with recent efforts in Washington, DC to eliminate IQ- achievement discrepancy as an LD marker, have led to serious public discussion about alternative identifi- cation methods. The most popular of the alternatives is responsiveness-to-intervention (RTI), of which there are two basic versions: the \\

Douglas Fuchs; Devery Mock; Paul L. Morgan; Caresa L. Young

2003-01-01

24

Characteristics of Criterion-Referenced Instruments: Implications for Materials Selection for the Learning Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussed are characteristics of criterion referenced reading tests for use with learning disabled (LD) children, and analyzed are the Basic Educational Skills Inventory (BESI), the Prescriptive Reading Inventory (PRI), and the Cooper-McGuire Diagnostic Work-Analysis Test (CooperMcGuire). Criterion referenced tests are defined; and problems in…

Blasi, Joyce F.

25

Supervising the Learning Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the different types of learning disabilities (visual, auditory, motor, tactile, academic), types of accommodations needed for each disability, and hints for supervisors. These suggestions include practicing patience, being direct and specific, explaining inappropriate behavior, being understanding but firm, and being especially thorough…

Supervisory Management, 1985

1985-01-01

26

Generalist Genes and Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors reviewed recent quantitative genetic research on learning disabilities that led to the conclusion that genetic diagnoses differ from traditional diagnoses in that the effects of relevant genes are largely general rather than specific. This research suggests that most genes associated with common learning disabilities—language impairment, reading disability, and mathematics disability—are generalists in 3 ways. First, genes that affect

Robert Plomin; Yulia Kovas

2005-01-01

27

Learning Disabilities Association of America  

MedlinePLUS

... benefit LDA. Shop Now Learning Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal Committed to the study of learning disabilities through all stages of life, this journal provides the most current information on research, practice, ...

28

The Relationship between Learning Disabilities and Delinquency and the Vocational Rehabilitation Process regarding Specific Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the relationship between students with learning disabilities and delinquency and the implications for the vocational rehabilitation process. Learning disabilities and juvenile delinquency are defined to establish a theoretical and conceptual framework. Four hypotheses that have been proposed to explain why individuals with…

Briney, Marilou S.; Satcher, Jamie

29

The Gifted Learning Disabled Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of articles on gifted learning disabled students begins with an explanation of the philosophy of the Center for Talented Youth at Johns Hopkins University (Maryland), a list of characteristics of gifted disabled students, and three definitions of learning disabilities. The following papers are then provided: "Gifted but Learning

1994

30

An Exploratory Study of the Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and IQ: Implications for Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study was an exploratory study to investigate the relationship between emotional intelligence and IQ scores in a research sample of students with learning disabilities. Emotional intelligence (EI) may provide information about non-intellective factors in the achievement and adjustment of students with learning disabilities. The…

Saenz, Tracy Johnson

2009-01-01

31

A Comparison of WAIS-R and WAIS-III in the Lower IQ Range: Implications for Learning Disability Diagnosis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Whether the Flynn effect (the increase in the populations' IQ over time) affects the IQ scores of people with learning disability or borderline learning disability remains unclear. The issue is important as the Flynn effect should alter the number of people eligible for health service resources. A comparison of the Wechsler Adult…

Fitzgerald, Suzanne; Gray, Nicola S.; Snowden, Robert J.

2007-01-01

32

An Exploration of Learning Disabilities in Four Countries: Implications for Test Development and Use in Developing Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tests often are used to assist in assessing common childhood disabilities and disorders (e.g., mental retardation). Learning disabilities and difficulties (LD) constitute the plurality, even the majority, of school-related disorders in many countries. However, tests and other assessment methods to assess LD are not available universally and, among…

Oakland, Thomas; Mpofu, Elias; Gregoire, Jacques; Faulkner, Michael

2007-01-01

33

Nonverbal learning disability.  

PubMed

Nonverbal learning disability (NLD) is described as a subtype of specific learning disability where the source of the disability is a difficulty in processing nonverbal information. The child with NLD presents with problems in visual, spatial, and tactile perception but with strengths in rote verbal skills. Traditionally, these children were recognized by their difficulties in arithmetic which presented a stark contrast with their strengths in spelling and decoding text. They also exhibited a split between their verbal IQ (VIQ) and performance IQ (PIQ) scores with the VIQ being significantly higher than PIQ. Over time, however, diagnostic criteria have evolved and the broadened definition of the NLD syndrome has led many to question the utility and uniqueness of the NLD diagnosis. In addition, shifting diagnostic standards have made research results difficult to replicate. In short, the research to date leaves many unanswered questions about (1) the definition of the NLD syndrome, (2) the pervasiveness of the academic, social and psychopathological difficulties, (3) the source of the NLD syndrome, and (4) the degree to which it overlaps with other conditions. This chapter outlines a brief history of the NLD syndrome, how it is currently conceptualized, and some of the current debate about the unanswered questions above. PMID:23622171

Volden, Joanne

2013-01-01

34

Learning about Learning Disabled College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information in this paper is presented to help college instructors identify and assist learning disabled (LD) students. The paper first explains what learning disabilities are, emphasizing that while LD students exhibit a discrepancy between apparent learning ability and actual academic achievement, they are not mentally retarded or emotionally…

Spalding, Norma V.

35

Serving Learning Disabled Students Within and Outside the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information on types of learning disabilities (i.e. dyslexia and dyscalculia) is presented to help professionals in the field of higher education learn about how to identify learning disabled (LD) students, appropriate accommodations and modifications, special services, resources for referral, policy implications, and legal issues. Due to improved…

Higbee, Jeanne L.; And Others

36

LITERACY PROFICIENCY AND SCIENCE FOR STUDENTS WITH LEARNING DISABILITIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to describe program alternatives in science for students with learning disabilities and their implications for reading and writing. We review opportunity to learn, the science performance of students with learning disabilities, science textbook instruction, literacy and science, and alternatives to reading-dependent science programs. Finally, we present an alternative framework for science and literacy as

John F. Cawley; Rene Parmar

2001-01-01

37

Psychological Theory and the Study of Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies of students with learning difficulties underscore the key role of specific forms of knowledge and skill in learning. Brown and Campione describe the new look in assessment and instruction, which they predict has potentially revolutionary implications for addressing learning disabilities. Two significant changes in conceptualizing learning difficulties are occurring. First, there is a shift from implicating a general deficit

Ann L. Brown; Joseph C. Campione

1986-01-01

38

Understanding Learning Disabilities and Substance Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to assist people with learning disabilities to recognize their disabilities and the connection between learning disabilities and substance abuse. It begins by defining learning disabilities and providing a self-test checklist for common signs and symptoms of learning disabilities. Difficulties with organization, memory,…

Star, Nonnie; Shadoff, Sander

39

An Exploration of Perceptual and Cognitive Processes Involved in Piano Study with Implications for Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The perceptual and cognitive processes involved in learning to play the piano are examined as sources of confusion and problems which might be encountered by the young learning disabled piano student. The paper is reported to be based on personal observations during private piano instruction, published and unpublished literature, and a summer…

Gilles, Dorothy Cordes

40

Nursing Students with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the following topics: identification and classification of learning disabilities (LD), effects of LD on nursing students, teaching and learning, LD legislation, and academic interventions for nursing students with LD. (SK)

Selekman, Janice

2002-01-01

41

The Source for Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is designed to help clinicians and teachers work more effectively with people with learning disabilities and their families. Chapter 1 provides an overview of learning disabilities. It presents commonly accepted medical and educational definitions, prevalence figures, and possible etiological explanations for various disorders. Chapter 2…

Currie, Paula S.; Wadlington, Elizabeth M.

42

Supervising Adults with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for employers, supervisors, and coworkers, the booklet presents guidelines for accommodating learning disabled (LD) employees. An introductory section explains the condition, describing its nature and the range of impairments it includes. Five types of learning disabilities are identified: visual, auditory, motor, tactile, and academic.…

Brown, Dale

43

The Learning Disabled Adult Offender.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the prevalence of learning disabilities among 189 male inmates in a county jail setting. If inmates scored below the sixth-grade level, they were further tested. From this procedure, it was concluded that there is a much higher rate of learning disabilities among the adult offender population than among the general…

Tevis, Marlan P.; Orem, Richard A.

1985-01-01

44

Learning Disabilities: An Interdisciplinary Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are six papers originally delivered at a colloquium series on the problems of the learning disabled child, with emphasis on a multidisciplinary perspective. In "One Psychologist's Perspective on Learning Disabilities," J. Kessler provides an overview of the field with sections on definition and identification, etiology, testing as a…

Zollinger, Ruth H., Ed.; Klein, Nancy K., Ed.

45

Lessons Learned in Scaling Up Effective Practices: Implications for Promoting Self-Determination within Developmental Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The public's increasing demands for greater accountability and a better return on investment from research supported by federal funding requires that organizations studying and solving problems in areas like health, education, disability, and child mental health document the impact of their work. Human service and educational professionals agree that implementation science is the missing link that connects research outcomes to

Ansley Bacon; Hill M. Walker; Allen A. Schwartz; David M. OHara; Carl Calkins; Michael L. Wehmeyer

2011-01-01

46

Lessons Learned in Scaling up Effective Practices: Implications for Promoting Self-Determination within Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The public's increasing demands for greater accountability and a better return on investment from research supported by federal funding requires that organizations studying and solving problems in areas like health, education, disability, and child mental health document the impact of their work. Human service and educational professionals agree…

Bacon, Ansley; Walker, Hill M.; Schwartz, Allen A.; O'Hara, David M.; Calkins, Carl; Wehmeyer, Michael L.

2011-01-01

47

The Eye and Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A joint organizational statement on vision and therapy for learning disabilities and dyslexia is presented by the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American Academy of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology, and the American Association of Ophthalmology. (CB)

Sight-Saving Review, 1971

1971-01-01

48

Manifestations of Learning Disabilities in University Students: Implications for Coping and Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to provide a better understanding of students' perception of their difficulties and adjustments during university studies as compared with their past perceptions, to examine their coping and expectations, and draw some implications from the research to help students with LD in institutions of higher education.…

Heiman, Tali; Kariv, Dafna

2004-01-01

49

Social Grace or Disgrace: Adolescent Social Skills and Learning Disability Subtypes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Socialization difficulties encountered by a particular learning disabled adolescent may be related to the type of underlying learning disability. Two subtypes of learning disability are discussed (language disorders and disturbed visual spatial functions) along with implications for problems in development of social skills and for effective…

Bergman, Marilyn M.

1987-01-01

50

Predicting Learning Disabilities from Kindergarten Reports  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a study to determine whether learning disabilities can be predicted from kindergarten teachers' anecdotal reports, 37 boys later diagnosed as learning disabled, were selected and their kindergarten class identified. (Author/MC)

Cowgill, Mary Lu; And Others

1973-01-01

51

Identification of Learning Disabled Bilingual Hispanic Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study compared 10 learning disabled and 10 non-learning disabled limited English proficient Mexican American elementary grade children. Six tests were identified as predicting learning disabilities including the Prueba de Lectura y Lenguaje Escrito and the Test of Nonverbal Intelligence. (Author/DB)

Zavala, Jesus; Mims, Joan

1983-01-01

52

Comprehension of humor in children with nonverbal learning disabilities, reading disabilities, and without learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The normal development of humor in children has been well documented with a predictable course that is tied to social, cognitive,\\u000a and linguistic development in children. This study explored humor comprehension in children with nonverbal learning disabilities\\u000a (NVLD). Children with NVLD were compared with children with reading disabilities and a comparison group of children with no\\u000a learning disabilities to assess

Margaret Semrud-Clikeman; Kimberly Glass

2008-01-01

53

Algebra for Students with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes learning-disabled algebra classes offered at Bergen Community College, their structure, teaching and learning strategies used in the classes, and successful outcomes. Concludes that students with learning disabilities can learn algebra when their environment focuses on their needs and learning styles. (KHR)

Feigenbaum, Ruth

2000-01-01

54

Learning Disabilities: The Decade Ahead.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are ten papers given at a 1974 conference focusing on realistic goals for serving learning disabled children in the decade ahead. Papers have the following titles and authors: "Introduction and Overview of the Problem of the Conference" (W. Cruickshank); "Concepts of Vision in Relation to Perception" (G. Getman); "Motor Activities and…

Krasnoff, Margaret J., Ed.

55

45 CFR 1308.14 - Eligibility criteria: Learning disabilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...14 Eligibility criteria: Learning disabilities. (a) A child is classified as having a learning disability who has a...as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, and aphasia. ...child be classified as having a learning disability if: (1)...

2009-10-01

56

Curing Our "Epidemic" of Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators wishing to help low-achieving children must discard the concept of learning disabilities entirely and adopt a new way of thinking about children's learning problems. Learning-disabilities specialists should become learning specialists who understand the cognitive processes typically involved in acquiring academic skills, ways the…

Spear-Swerling, Louise; Sternberg, Robert J.

1998-01-01

57

Computer Technology, Science Education, and Students with Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ways computer technology could be used to teach science to students with learning disabilities (LD) are explored. Science is for all students and that includes students with LD. Learning science has both cognitive and affective implications for students with LD. In this context, computer technology provides cognitively engaging and motivating instructional tools for individualizing the mode of delivery; developing

David Kumar; Cynthia L. Wilson

1997-01-01

58

Perception of Nonverbal Emotion Cues by Children with Nonverbal Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to document deficits in the perception of nonverbal emotion cues that have been implicated as a cause of social maladjustment in children with nonverbal learning disabilities (NLD). Thirty-three children between the ages of 9 and 14 identified as having NLD, verbal learning disabilities (VLD), or as nonlearning disabled psychiatric controls were administered the Diagnostic

Victoria L. Petti; Sylvia L. Voelker; Douglas L. Shore; Susan E. Hayman-Abello

2003-01-01

59

Cognition in specific learning disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective : To compare the cognition abilities of children with specific learning disability (SpLD) viz. dyslexia, dysgraphia and dyscalculia\\u000a with those of non-impaired children.Methods : The study group consisted of 95 newly diagnosed SpLD children (aged 9–14 years) and the control group consisted of 125\\u000a non-impaired children (aged 9–14 years). An academic achievement of two years below the actual grade

Sunil Karande; Sulaxna Sawant; Madhuri Kulkarni; Sandeep Kanchan; Rukhshana Sholapurwala

2005-01-01

60

No One Knows: Offenders with learning disabilities and learning difficulties  

Microsoft Academic Search

No One Knows is concerned about people with learning disabilities and difficulties who get into trouble with the police and who enter the criminal justice system. The terms ‘learning disabilities’ and ‘learning difficulties’ are often used interchangeably to describe people with an intellectual disability, excluding those who, for example, have dyslexia or Asperger syndrome. No One Knows, however, has adopted

J. Talbot

2009-01-01

61

The learning-disabled medical student.  

PubMed

Developmental pediatricians are being consulted by medical school promotion committees with regard to the course of action to be taken with learning-disabled medical students experiencing academic difficulties. Faculty attitude, a difficulty understanding the nature of learning disabilities, appears to be a major contributor to poor medical school performance on the part of learning-disabled adults. Utilizing the sequential-simultaneous information processing model as a simplified introduction to learning disability patterns, the authors argue that recommending intensive remediation of rote spelling and writing skills in students engaged in graduate education represents both a waste of time and a further emotional trauma to these young professionals. PMID:2808719

Accardo, P; Haake, C; Whitman, B

1989-10-01

62

Mathematics Education for Students with Learning Disabilities: Theory to Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book addresses teaching mathematics to students with learning disabilities, including characteristics and assessment of mathematics learning disabilities, mathematics programming and interventions, and teacher preparation. Chapters include: (1) "Mathematics Education and Students with Learning Disabilities: Instruction" (Diane Pedrotty…

Rivera, Diane Pedrotty, Ed.

63

Educational provisions and learning disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective  To assess the impact of the provisions of the Maharashtra government on the academic performance of children with specific\\u000a learning disability (SpLD) at the Secondary School Certificate (SSC) board examination.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  The academic performance of 60 children (45 boys, 15 girls) at the SSC board examination with benefit of chosen provisions\\u000a was compared with their performance at their last annual school

Madhuri Kulkarni; Sunil Karande; Anjana Thadhani; Hetal Maru; Rukhshana Sholapurwala

2006-01-01

64

Personality disorder and offending in people with learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews the literature on personality disorder in offenders with learning disabilities, using Medline, PsychoInfo and CINAHL databases, and search terms ‘offending’, ‘personality disorder and intellectual disabilities’, ‘learning disabilities’ and related terms. Methods of defining offending population, personality disorder and learning disabilities vary greatly, and few studies focus specifically on personality disorder, learning disability and offending. The definition of

Jenny Torr

2008-01-01

65

General Information about Learning Disabilities (Fact Sheet Number 7) = Informacion General sobre Impedimentos en el Aprendizaje (Fact Sheet Number 19).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fact sheet providing general information about learning disabilities is presented in both English and Spanish versions. It begins with the federal definition of learning disabilities and a discussion of its implications followed by estimates of incidence. Typical characteristics of students with learning disabilities are then summarized as…

Interstate Research Associates, Inc., Washington, DC.

66

TALKING TO YOUR CHILD ABOUT LEARNING DISABILITIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

s a parent, you are the best person to explain learn- ing disabilities to your child. Children with learn- ing disabilities are often the last to know what goes on around them; but when it comes to what goes on inside of them, they need to be the first to know. It's only com- mon courtesy: rather than talking to

Jeanne Gehret

67

Learning Disabilities: The Challenges of Adulthood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of 13 essays focuses on the many challenges that adults with learning disabilities face in educational, work, and social settings. The essays are: (1) "Adults with Learning Disabilities: An Emerging Area of Professional Interest and Public Attention" (James R. Patton and Edward A. Polloway); (2) "Adult Development Theories: An…

Patton, James R., Ed.; Polloway, Edward A., Ed.

68

SOFTWARE ASSISTANT FOR STUDENTS WITH LEARNING DISABILITIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social and professional integration of persons with disabilities is a major challenge faced by many communities. In particular, teaching or training such persons is a very demanding task. This paper presents details of the specification and design of a new software tool aimed at assisting the learning process of students with learning disabilities. Using a four-step problem solving strategy, the

Sergiu Dascalu; Maryann Chandy; Frederick Harris; Daniela Saru

2005-01-01

69

Hair Element Content in Learning Disabled Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hair samples from 31 learning disabled and 22 normal children were analyzed. Significant group differences were determined and a discriminant function was computed which separated the groups with 98 percent accuracy. Elevated lead and cadmium content in the learning disabled group is viewed as being of particular importance. (Author/SL)

Pihl, R. O.; Parkes, M.

1977-01-01

70

Social Skills in Children with Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research has documented that children with learning disabilities exhibit deficits in social skills. This paper reviews the existing literature on factors that may contribute to the social skills deficits of children with learning disabilities. These factors include social perception, behavioral problems, problem solving ability, and verbal communication. In addition, the relation of social skills deficits to the peer status of

Sharon A. Cermak; Jacqueline Rieber Aberson

1998-01-01

71

Psychiatric assertive outreach and learning disability services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning disability ('mental retardation' in ICD-10 and DSM-IV) is characterised by global devel- opmental delay, an IQ below 70 and deficits in adaptive skills. It has been shown that adults with learning disabilities on the one hand can experience any of the psychiatric problems that affect the general population and on the other, have higher rates of mental disorders compared

Angela Hassiotis; Peter Tyrer; Patricia Oliver

2003-01-01

72

Social Cognition and Verbal Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Considerable research suggests that the greatest proportion of learning disabilities involve reading and writing. In a majority of these cases, investigators have documented the presence of underlying weaknesses in various verbal\\/linguistic processes. Professionals have invested heavily in the treatment of academic outcomes associated with verbal learning disabilities. However, less emphasis has been given to the way in which these verbal

Lawrence J. Lewandowski; Jeremie Rentas Barlow

2000-01-01

73

Learning Disabilities: A Neurobiological Perspective in Humans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The mechanisms of both language-based and non-language-based learning disabilities are presented within the framework of central nervous system development and the compromises to that development that arise from genetic, hormonal, antibody, medication, and postnatal compromises. Also reviewed is the need for a taxonomy of learning disabilities.…

Bonnet, Kenneth A.

1989-01-01

74

An Overview of Adult Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An overview of adult learning disabilities is presented with an emphasis on the most recent developments in the field. Areas discussed are definition, characteristics, current literature, and program design. Various definitions of a learning disabled adult are identified and the problems associated with these definitions are considered. The…

Haig, Joan M.; Patterson, Becky H.

75

Understanding Learning Disabilities: Guide for Faculty.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide provides information about the nature of learning disabilities in higher education and about ways of assisting students with learning disabilities at Georgetown University (Washington, D.C.) to fulfill their potential. The booklet uses the metaphor of a "zig zag lightning in the brain" to describe the erratic thinking style associated…

Georgetown Univ., Washington, DC. Office of Student Affairs.

76

The Complete Learning Disabilities Directory. 2011 Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Published for over a decade, this directory continues to be a successful, sought-after resource, providing valuable information to professionals, families, and individuals in the learning disabilities community. Supported by the National Center for Learning Disabilities, this 2011 edition brings together the most up-to-date information on LD…

Grey House Publishing, 2010

2010-01-01

77

Cognitive Development in Learning Disabled Boys.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The findings provide evidence that the learning disabled develop most cognitive abilities in a manner similar to that of their normal counterparts, though perhaps slightly delayed, and that by adolescence, development in the learning disabled approaches that of normals. (Author/DLS)

Tarver, Sara; Maggiore, Ronald

1979-01-01

78

Characteristics of Learning Disabilities: A Selective Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on an empirical study of over 3,000 learning disabled children and on a review of research, the paper outlines intellectual, attention and verbal mediation, social-affective, and oral and written characteristics of learning disabled students. Among the findings reported are the following: the median educational retardation is one grade below…

Tarver, Sara G.

79

Mainstreaming and Learning Disabilities: [A Series].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six booklets are designed to assist special educators, principals, teachers and parents to find information on how learning disabled and other handicapped children can be placed and taught in the least restrictive environment. Volume I is a catalog of books, articles, references, programs, and projects on mainstreaming and learning disabilities.…

David, Karin, Ed.

80

Alternative Instructional Materials for the Learning Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined alternative instructional materials and strategies for learning disabled college students and strategies for locating and mainstreaming these students. Site visits were made to programs for learning-disabled college students in the Houston, Texas, area to determine their scope and the strategies that they used. Additional…

Freeman, Sharon

81

Children with Learning Disabilities: Interpersonal Skills and Social Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on the peer relationship problems of learning disabled (LD) children is summarized, highlighting methodological shortcomings and drawing implications for social intervention. Noted are tendencies of LD children to be frequently off task, to have more negative interactions with teachers and peers, and to be conversationally less assertive.…

La Greca, Annette M.

1987-01-01

82

Advances in Learning and Behavioral Disabilities. Volume 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume presents 10 papers on research and methodology in learning and behavioral disabilities. Papers have the following titles and authors: "Memory Judgments and Allocation of Study Times in Good and Poor Comprehenders" (Ombretta Papetti et al.); "Diagnostic Spelling Analysis Within Curriculum-Based Measurement: Implications for Students…

Scruggs, Thomas E., Ed.; Mastropieri, Margo A., Ed.

83

Discrimination of Neurological Impairment in the Learning Disabled Adolescent.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Canter Background Interference Procedure of the Bender Gestalt Test and the Quick Neurological Screening Test were found to discriminate neurological/organic signs in 23 adolescent learning disabled students. Methodological problems, research needs, and implications for the use of these tests are discussed. (Author)

Fabian, Judith J.; Jacobs, Ursula W.

1981-01-01

84

45 CFR 1308.14 - Eligibility criteria: Learning disabilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT...Eligibility criteria: Learning disabilities...OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT...Eligibility criteria: Learning disabilities...writing and pre-mathematics; or (3) The...disabilities, mental retardation,...

1996-10-01

85

Learning Disabilities, Graduate School, and Careers: The Student's Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet discusses the nature of learning disabilities and their impact for learning-disabled college students considering attending graduate school or entering the workplace. The information is presented through the personal stories of two learning-disabled young adults, one who was identified as learning disabled in elementary school and the…

Adelman, Pamela B.; Wren, Carol T.

86

A Two Hundred Year History of Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper was to track the history of learning disabilities and collect intervention theories which might be helpful for adult college students suffering from any number of learning disabilities (LD). There is a vast difference between a learning difficulty and a learning disability; an individual with learning difficulty can learn

Carlson, Shirley

2005-01-01

87

The Complete Learning Disabilities Directory, 2007 Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the thirteenth edition of the most comprehensive reference book covering the wide range of learning disabilities resources available nationwide. This directory contains well over 7,000 entries and covers the schools, learning centers, vocational training programs, associations and organizations, and government agencies involved in learning

Grey House Publishing, 2006

2006-01-01

88

Would Rethinking Learning Disabilities Benefit Kuwait?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning disabilities education in Kuwait grew from Kuwaiti's wholesale importation of the Western, medical model of disability--a model basically incompatible with Kuwaiti culture. Conflicting factors include its problematic normal/abnormal binary, its assumption that the "deficit" is located in the student and the segregation of students by…

Bazna, Maysaa; Reid, D. Kim

2009-01-01

89

Teaching Algebra to Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Algebra is a gateway to expanded opportunities, but it often poses difficulty for students with learning disabilities. Consequently, it is essential to identify evidence-based instructional strategies for these students. The authors begin by identifying three areas of algebra difficulty experienced by students with disabilities: cognitive…

Impecoven-Lind, Linda S.; Foegen, Anne

2010-01-01

90

Social and Personal Characteristics of the Learning Disabled: Limitations and Implications for the Adolescent and Young Adult. Position Paper Series: Document No. 9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper examines current research on the social and personal competence of learning disabled (LD) adolescents and young adults, revealing two major lines of inquiry: (1) interpersonal environment (perceptions by others, sociometric status, social behavior deficits, verbal and nonverbal communication skills), and (2) affective status…

Seidenberg, Pearl L.

91

An Audit of Adults with Profound and Multiple Learning Disabilities within a West Midlands Community Health Trust--Implications for Service Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An audit was carried out to gain an overview of the profound and multiple learning disabilities (PMLD) population in a local health trust to inform current and future service provision. An overview of the issues faced in developing clear defining criteria is presented. Published definitions of PMLD were used to identify clients from data held on…

Gittins, Deborah; Rose, Nikki

2008-01-01

92

Identification of Sub-Types of Students with Learning Disabilities in Reading and Its Implications for Chinese Word Recognition and Instructional Methods in Hong Kong Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper consists of three studies. The first study aimed to identify sub-types of students with learning disabilities in reading. Based on the dual-route model of reading, words may be read using either a lexical (words are recognized as wholes) or a sub-lexical (words are recognized through grapheme-phoneme correspondence) procedure. Castles…

Ho, Fuk-chuen; Siegel, Linda

2012-01-01

93

A Meta-Analytic Review of Graphic Organizers and Science Instruction for Adolescents with Learning Disabilities: Implications for the Intermediate and Secondary Science Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a meta-analysis of experimental and quasi-experimental studies in which intermediate and secondary students with learning disabilities were taught science content through the use of graphic organizers (GOs). Following an exhaustive search for studies meeting specified selection criteria, 23 standardized mean effect sizes were…

Dexter, Douglas D.; Park, Youn J.; Hughes, Charles A.

2011-01-01

94

Clinical Syndromes among the Learning Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four physiological conditions associated with later learning disabilities are noted: Turner Syndrome (a chromosomal abnormality), preterm children with intracranial hemorrhage, children with incompletely developed connecting fibers between the cerebral hemispheres, and children with acquired brain injury. (CL)

Lewandowski, Lawrence J.

1985-01-01

95

Cluttering as a Complex of Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research is reviewed regarding cluttering (a speech language disorder typified by problems of fluency, articulation, receptive and expressive language, and perceptual motor skills), and the concept is advanced that cluttering is a syndrome of learning disability symptoms. (CL)

Tiger, Ruth J.; And Others

1980-01-01

96

Interprofessional practice and learning disability nursing.  

PubMed

Several decades of policy and service change in the field of learning disability have set in place new service boundaries in health and social care, leading to different working relationships for professionals based on interprofessional and interagency collaboration. However, economic pressures may result in agencies offering resource-led rather than needs-led services, resulting in fragmented services and tensions between professional groups faced with tough choices in order to meet the long-term needs of people with learning disabilities. One of the key roles of the registered learning disability nurse (RLDN) is that of facilitator in meeting the healthcare needs of people with learning disabilities, which involves interprofessional working across these new health and social care boundaries. The aim of this article is to present the findings from a small scale research study that was undertaken to explore the views of the RLDN group in relation to interprofessional practice in the long-term support of people with learning disabilities. Set within a grounded theory methodology, this article focuses on one element of the research study, which was a descriptive analysis of individual practitioners' experiences. In documenting the practitioners' accounts, the research begins to identify a series of key roles and significant practice knowledge held by those employed in learning disability nursing positions. PMID:14688655

McCray, Janet

97

Infant-Toddler Early Learning Guidelines: The Content that States Have Addressed and Implications for Programs Serving Children with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early learning guidelines (ELGs)--documents that describe the skills, characteristics, and dispositions adults seek to foster in young children--are increasingly common. Although less prevalent than ELGs for 3- and 4-year-old children, ELGs for infants and toddlers have been developed in more than half of the 50 states. Given this momentum, a…

Scott-Little, Catherine; Kagan, Sharon Lynn; Frelow, Victoria Stebbins; Reid, Jeanne

2009-01-01

98

PROGRESS IN LEARNING DISABILITIES. VOLUME I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE FIRST OF A SERIES DEALING WITH LEARNING DISABILITIES FROM A PSYCHONEUROLOGICAL STANDPOINT, THE VOLUME CONTAINS CURRENT DISCUSSIONS AND RESEARCH REPORTS. TEN AUTHORS FROM A VARIETY OF FIELDS CONTRIBUTE CHAPTERS, EACH WITH AN ACCOMPANYING LIST OF REFERENCES. THE EDITOR, H.R. MYKLEBUST, PROVIDES THE OPENING ARTICLE ON "LEARNING

MYKLEBUST, HELMER R., ED.

99

Doctors with Learning Disabilities: Prescription for Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the characteristics of the medical students and physicians who have been diagnosed as having learning disabilities and/or attention deficit disorders and suggests appropriate accommodations that should be made by medical schools and testing agencies. The organization Medical H.E.L.P. (Higher Education for Learning Problems)…

Guyer, Barbara P.; Guyer, Kenneth E.

2000-01-01

100

Assessment of Adults with Severe Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessment models used with school-age samples require modification for use with adults having severe learning disabilities. At Fordham University's Comprehensive Learning Program, a screening session determines the mutual suitability of the client and the program being offered; subsequent comprehensive assessment of cognitive, educational,…

Hagin, Rosa A.; And Others

1994-01-01

101

Mnemonics and the Learning Disabled Child.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the various types and functions of mnemonic strategies that may be used to expedite recall in students with learning disabilities (LD), reviews research in this area, and outlines avenues for research. The paper concludes that mnemonic strategies have an untapped potential for improving LD students' learning, retention, and…

Mahan, Virginia

1993-01-01

102

An Italian Perspective on Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article considers sociocultural and linguistic aspects of children with learning disabilities in one region of Italy, noting the role of bilingualism and "standard" Italian language learning problems. The article examines legislative aspects; the roles of the school, hospitals, public services, and private institutes; and parental concerns.…

Fabbro, Franco; Masutto, Cristina

1994-01-01

103

Overcoming the obstacles: Life stories of scientists with learning disabilities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scientific discovery is at the heart of solving many of the problems facing contemporary society. Scientists are retiring at rates that exceed the numbers of new scientists. Unfortunately, scientific careers still appear to be outside the reach of most individuals with learning disabilities. The purpose of this research was to better understand the methods by which successful learning disabled scientists have overcome the barriers and challenges associated with their learning disabilities in their preparation and performance as scientists. This narrative inquiry involved the researcher writing the life stories of four scientists. These life stories were generated from extensive interviews in which each of the scientists recounted their life histories. The researcher used narrative analysis to "make sense" of these learning disabled scientists' life stories. The narrative analysis required the researcher to identify and describe emergent themes characterizing each scientist's life. A cross-case analysis was then performed to uncover commonalities and differences in the lives of these four individuals. Results of the cross-case analysis revealed that all four scientists had a passion for science that emerged at an early age, which, with strong drive and determination, drove these individuals to succeed in spite of the many obstacles arising from their learning disabilities. The analysis also revealed that these scientists chose careers based on their strengths; they actively sought mentors to guide them in their preparation as scientists; and they developed coping techniques to overcome difficulties and succeed. The cross-case analysis also revealed differences in the degree to which each scientist accepted his or her learning disability. While some demonstrated inferior feelings about their successes as scientists, still other individuals revealed feelings of having superior abilities in areas such as visualization and working with people. These individuals revealed beliefs that they developed these special abilities as a result of their learning differences, which made them better than their non-learning disabled peers in certain areas. Finally, the researcher discusses implications of these findings in the light of special accommodations that can be made by teachers, school counselors, and parents to encourage learning disabled children who demonstrate interest in becoming scientists.

Force, Crista Marie

104

Working Reflexively in Learning Disabilities: What Emma Taught Us  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is about the feelings of powerlessness that professionals feel to cure learning disability and to answer questions such as "why do I have a learning disability?". We describe how Emma showed us through role play what it was like to have learning difficulties. This article is interesting to people with learning disabilities because…

Manners, Paula Jean; Russ, Marina

2006-01-01

105

Rare familial 16q21 microdeletions under a linkage peak implicate cadherin 8 (CDH8) in susceptibility to autism and learning disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundAutism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterised by impairments in social communication and by a pattern of repetitive behaviours, with learning disability (LD) typically seen in up to 70% of cases. A recent study using the PPL statistical framework identified a novel region of genetic linkage on chromosome 16q21 that is limited to ASD families with LD.MethodsIn this study, two families

Alistair T Pagnamenta; Hameed Khan; Susan Walker; Dianne Gerrelli; Kirsty Wing; Maria Clara Bonaglia; Roberto Giorda; Tom Berney; Elisa Mani; Massimo Molteni; Dalila Pinto; Ann Le Couteur; Joachim Hallmayer; James S Sutcliffe; Peter Szatmari; Andrew D Paterson; Stephen W Scherer; Veronica J Vieland; Anthony P Monaco

2010-01-01

106

"Learning to Work" in Small Businesses: Learning and Training for Young Adults with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The paper alerts small business employers to new dictates of the Disability Discrimination Act (2005) as it applies to learning disabilities. Then the "Learning to Work" project featured in the paper offers small business employers a set of approaches and methods for the identification of a learning-disabled young adult candidate's…

Ruggeri-Stevens, Geoff; Goodwin, Susan

2007-01-01

107

The Relationship between Learning Disabilities and Homelessness in Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the relationship between learning disabilities (LD) and homelessness. Research describing the connection between disabilities and homelessness has focused on individuals presenting with disabilities such as mental illness, physical disabilities, medical disabilities, or substance abuse. At this time, the presence of LD in…

Markos, Patricia A.; Strawser, Sherri

2004-01-01

108

Introductory Level College Geography Courses and the Learning Disabled Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Defines learning disabilities and delineates characteristics of learning disabled students. Outlines steps to be taken by college geography departments for students who enroll in introductory-level geography classes. (SLM)

Brownlee, William

1989-01-01

109

A Critique of "Controversial Medical Treatments of Learning Disabilities"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author replies to the article titled "Controversial Medical Treatments of Learning Disabilities" (R. Sieben), and discusses research on the relationship between food additives and hyperactivity, and dietary treatments for learning disabled children. (IM)

Feingold, Benjamin F.

1977-01-01

110

Accessible Article: Involving People with Learning Disabilities in Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is an article that talks about our research about sex and relationships for people with learning disabilities. It talks about how people with learning disabilities have been fully involved in the research. (Contains 2 footnotes.)

Garbutt, Ruth; Tattersall, John; Dunn, Jo; Boycott-Garnett, Rachel

2010-01-01

111

Social Skills and Learning Disabilities: Causal, Concomitant, or Correlational?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews evidence concerning Interagency Committee on Learning Disabilities's proposal to include social skills deficits as specific learning disability (LD). Proposes three hypotheses: causal, concomitant, and correlational. Found most support for correlational hypothesis, but proposes fourth, functional relationship hypothesis as most…

Gresham, Frank M.

1992-01-01

112

Functional Genomic Analysis of NF1-Associated Learning Disabilities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Learning disabilities severely deteriorate the life of many NF1 patients. However, the pathogenic process for NF1-associated learning disabilities has not been fully understood and an effective therapy is not available. This study was proposed to identify...

S. Tang

2007-01-01

113

School Counselors and Psychological Aspects of Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of some of the more common psychological theories and behavioral variables associated with learning disabilities. Reviews Adlerian Rational Emotive and behavioral and hypnotherapy approaches as intervention strategies for the counselor confronted with learning disabled students. (LLL)

Fahey, David A.

1984-01-01

114

Functional Genomic Analysis of NF1-Associated Learning Disabilities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Learning disabilities severely deteriorate the life of many NF1 patients. However, the pathogenic process for NF1-associated learning disabilities has not been fully understood and an effective therapy is not available. This study was proposed to identify...

S. Tang

2008-01-01

115

Kindergarten Predictors of Math Learning Disability.  

PubMed

The aim of the present study was to address how to effectively predict mathematics learning disability (MLD). Specifically, we addressed whether cognitive data obtained during kindergarten can effectively predict which children will have MLD in third grade, whether an abbreviated test battery could be as effective as a standard psychoeducational assessment at predicting MLD, and whether the abbreviated battery corresponded to the literature on MLD characteristics. Participants were 226 children who enrolled in a 4-year prospective longitudinal study during kindergarten. We administered measures of mathematics achievement, formal and informal mathematics ability, visual-spatial reasoning, and rapid automatized naming and examined which test scores and test items from kindergarten best predicted MLD at grades 2 and 3. Statistical models using standardized scores from the entire test battery correctly classified ~80-83 percent of the participants as having, or not having, MLD. Regression models using scores from only individual test items were less predictive than models containing the standard scores, except for models using a specific subset of test items that dealt with reading numerals, number constancy, magnitude judgments of one-digit numbers, or mental addition of one-digit numbers. These models were as accurate in predicting MLD as was the model including the entire set of standard scores from the battery of tests examined. Our findings indicate that it is possible to effectively predict which kindergartners are at risk for MLD, and thus the findings have implications for early screening of MLD. PMID:20084182

Mazzocco, Michèle M M; Thompson, Richard E

2005-08-01

116

Learning Disabilities: New Directions for Assessment and Intervention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of original papers synthesizes research on learning disabilities in school-age children, with the theme of connecting learning disabilities research with assessment and practice. The volume begins with a paper by Howard S. Adelman titled "Learning Disabilities: On Interpreting Research Translations." Part I of the collection then…

Jordan, Nancy C., Ed.; Goldsmith-Phillips, Josephine, Ed.

117

Successful Vocational Rehabilitation of Persons with Learning Disabilities: Best Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document provides a compendium of 83 "best practices" in the vocational rehabilitation of clients with learning disabilities. Practices (N=120) were originally identified by a literature search, contacts with experts on learning disabilities, contacts with learning-disabled individuals, and contacts with community-based organizations providing…

Wisconsin Div. of Vocational Rehabilitation, Madison.

118

Activity, attention, and aggression in learning disabled children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research has documented a reliable statistical association between specific learning disabilities in children and certain difficulties in adapting to the behavioral demands of traditional elementary school classrooms. As compared to others their age, many learning disabled children are overactive, inattentive, impulsive, and distractible in such classrooms. Indirect attempts to treat the learning disabilities by changing these associated behaviors have, however,

Donald K. Routh

1979-01-01

119

Hair Mineral Content as a Predictor of Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the relationship between hair mineral elements and childhood learning disabilities and determined which minerals, if any, separated 26 learning disabled children with 24 normal controls. The learning disabled group had significantly raised hair-lead concentrations. There were also differences in the mean levels of 10 other…

Marlowe, Mike; And Others

1984-01-01

120

Learning Disabled Adults in Postsecondary Education. 1987 Edition: Update.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The fact sheet provides basic information on postsecondary educational services for learning disabled (LD) adults. The handicap of learning disability is described and a brief checklist of typical characteristics of the learning disabled adult is provided. A discussion of options after high school precedes information on types of programs for LD…

Brill, Jay

121

College Students with Learning Disabilities: A Student's Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet is intended to help parents and students better understand the nature of learning disabilities at the college level and to help faculty and staff involved with learning-disabled students in higher education programs. The personal story of a female college student with a learning disability appears on the left-hand side of each…

Wren, Carol; Segal, Laura

122

A Time to Define: Making the Specific Learning Disability Definition Prescribe Specific Learning Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Unlike other special education categories defined in U.S. law (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act), the definition of specific learning disability (SLD) has not changed since first proposed in 1968. Thus, although the operational definition of SLD has responded to new knowledge and understanding about the construct, the formal definition…

Kavale, Kenneth A.; Spaulding, Lucinda S.; Beam, Andrea P.

2009-01-01

123

Assessing the Learning Disabled: Selected Instruments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More than three hundred assessment tools applicable for the evaluation of children and adults with specific learning disabilities in terms of age applicability, time to administer, and salient characteristics are briefly described. They are grouped into ten categories: Intelligence Tests, Preschool Readiness Tests, Motor, Sensory, and Language…

Mauser, August J.

124

Developmental Dyscalculia Is a Familial Learning Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Siblings and parents of 39 children with dyscalculia were assessed for arithmetic, reading, and attention disorders. Findings indicated a familial prevalence of dyscalculia almost tenfold higher than expected for the general population and suggest that dyscalculia, like other learning disabilities, has a significant familial aggregation,…

Shalev, Ruth S.; Manor, Orly; Kerem, Batsheva; Ayali, Mady; Badichi, Navah; Friedlander, Yechiel; Gross-Tsur, Varda

2001-01-01

125

PRESCHOOL PREDICTION AND PREVENTION OF LEARNING DISABILITIES.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE OBJECTIVES OF THIS INITIAL REPORT OF A FOUR-YEAR PROJECT WERE (1) TO DEMONSTRATE A METHOD FOR THE PREDICTION AND PREVENTION OF LEARNING DISABILITIES, (2) TO FOSTER UNDERSTANDING OF CHILD DEVELOPMENT AMONG TEACHERS, PARENTS, AND PHYSICIANS. SUBJECTS WERE THE 3 1/2 TO 5 1/2 YEAR OLD CHILDREN OF AN ENTIRE SCHOOL DISTRICT. RESEARCHERS WERE…

BEERY, KEITH E.

126

Learning Disabled Adolescents: Perspectives from Canadian Principals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper examines educational issues of older learning disabled (LD) students in Canada in light of responses by 165 principals. Among findings were that 71% of the secondary and 87% of the elementary schools had LD programs; that 70% of the secondary and 55% of the elementary schools did not have inservice programs to acquaint teachers with LD…

McMurray, J. G.

127

Montessori and Learning Differences. Children with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses how children with oral and written language disorders can benefit from the Montessori method, especially if the Montessorian is trained to use a Multisensory Structured Language approach. Questions are answered regarding the number of children with learning disabilities, considerations in training the classroom assistant,…

Pickering, Joyce S.

2003-01-01

128

Learning Disabilities in Adulthood: Personal Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The personal perspectives and reflections of individuals with learning disabilities are presented, showing how these individuals were affected by educational and community systems and subsequently helped and/or hindered in their development. The observations provide insight into childhood influences, individual characteristics, and coping…

Polloway, Edward A.; And Others

1992-01-01

129

Learning Disabilities Teacher-Consultant Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The handbook presents guidelines for the learning disabilities teacher-consultant (LDT-C) in evaluative and integrative consultation, educational plan development, instructional leadership, and educational assessment including an historical perspective of the development of this group of professionals in New Jersey and a description of their…

Rubino, Thomas J.; And Others

130

Driver Education and the Learning Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project of the University of Maryland has developed a driver education curriculum for the learning disabled. Several states are making efforts to improve driver education, including rewriting materials and providing oral tests for drivers' licenses. Options for future safety programs include parent-student seminars, multidiscipline teaching, and…

Wirths, Claudine G.; Leonard, Steven

1982-01-01

131

Nonverbal learning disabilities: A critical review  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a critical review of the term and concept of nonverbal learning disability (NLD). After a brief historical introduction, the article focuses on the apparent rarity of NLD; the hypothesis of the frequent co-occurrence of emotional disorder, depression, and suicide in NLD; the white matter hypothesis as an explanation of the origin of NLD; and the question of

Otfried Spreen

2011-01-01

132

Learning Disabilities and Bullying: Double Jeopardy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Independently, learning disabilities (LD) and involvement in bullying each pose a risk for social, emotional, and behavioral problems. Based on the research to date and on the characteristics common to children with LD and children who are bullied, there is reason to be- lieve that children with LD are at increased risk of victimization. However, there is little research on

Faye Mishna

2003-01-01

133

Language Production Deficits in Learning Disabled Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluated were language production deficits in 32 learning disabled (LD) adolescents. Ss were administered a battery of subtests containing tasks sensitive to language production difficulties in cognition, convergent and divergent production of semantic units, word retrieval, and retrieval of syntactic structures. Results indicated that speech…

Wiig, Elisabeth H.; Semel, Eleanor M.

134

Kindergarten Predictors of Math Learning Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the present study was to address how to effectively predict mathematics learning disability (MLD). Specifically, we addressed whether cognitive data obtained during kindergarten can effectively predict which children will have MLD in third grade, whether an abbreviated test battery could be as effective as a standard psychoeducational…

Mazzocco, Michele M. M.; Thompson, Richard E.

2005-01-01

135

Extended Mnemonic Instruction With Learning Disabled Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sixty-four learning disabled sixth-, seventh-, and eighth-grade students were assigned to 24 small instructional groups that were in turn assigned at random to mnemonic and control conditions. Instructional groups were then given three daily lessons on dinosaurs in counterbalanced order. The lessons involved (a) dinosaur vocabulary, (b) attributes of dinosaurs, and (c) reasons for dinosaur extinction. Mnemonic groups were taught

Debra Tolfa Veit; Thomas E. Scruggs; Margo A. Mastropieri

1986-01-01

136

Neuropsychological Deficits, Learning Disability, and Violent Behavior.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the relationship between neuropsychological functioning, learning disability, and violent behavior in prisoners (N=110). Results indicated that (a) violent offenders tend to have serious neuropsychological deficits and that (b) inmates classified as brain damaged had a significantly higher rate of violent criminal activity than did the…

Bryant, Ernest T.; And Others

1984-01-01

137

Group Hypnotherapy With Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of group hypnotic and self-hypnotic training on the academic performance and self-esteem of learning disabled children was explored. Three hypnotic training sessions and instructions for six weeks of daily self-hypnotic practice containing suggestions for imagery related to improvement in these areas were given to 15 children, their…

Johnson, Lynn S.; And Others

138

Extended Mnemonic Instruction with Learning Disabled Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sixty-four learning disabled sixth, seventh, and eighth grade students were assigned to 24 small instructional groups which were in turn assigned at random to mnemonic and control conditions. Instructional groups were then given three daily lessons on dinosaurs in counterbalanced order. The lessons involved dinosaur vocabulary, attributes of…

Tolfa, Debra; And Others

139

Controversial Medical Treatments of Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author presents a critical review of popular medical treatments for children with learning disabilities, including dietary treatment (food additives theories, brain allergies, hypoglycemia, megavitamin therapy, and trace mineral tests) and neurophysiologic retraining (patterning, sensory integrative therapy, and optometric training). (IM)

Sieben, Robert L.

1977-01-01

140

Learning Disabilities and Bullying: Double Jeopardy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents factors and characteristics that make children and youth with learning disabilities vulnerable to bullying. Risk factors and effects of bullying are reviewed and the following intervention strategies are highlighted: increasing community awareness and changing attitudes; social skills training; and individual, group, and…

Mishna, Faye

2003-01-01

141

Social Skills Intervention With Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Areas of social behavior are reviewed in terms of the increasing emphasis on mainstreaming and normalization for children with special needs and the resulting concerns of psychologists and educators with the social interaction difficulties of learning disabled children. These areas of social behavior that contribute to a child's peer interactions…

LaGreca, Annette Marie; Mesibov, Gary B.

142

Preparing Personnel to Serve Learning Disabled Hispanics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Factors that can both facilitate and restrain the preparation of teachers of learning disabled Hispanics, and areas that should be included in such preparation are identified. Twelve similarities between bilingual education and special education are identified, including the following: specialized populations, specially defined instructional…

Yates, James R.

143

Springfield: Education for Adults with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present paper gives an overview of some of the modular day courses offered and, in some cases, developed by tutors at a former hospital school providing education to adults with severe learning disabilities. The aims of the courses were cognitive and personal development, as well as aesthetic and spiritual enrichment. Art history was offered…

Logan, Ellis

2002-01-01

144

Teaching Piano Students with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between the teacher of piano and the learning disabled student and some issues in piano instruction for such students are examined. Perceptual deficiencies and perceptual motor problems are noted. Techniques for dealing with poor visual discrimination are suggested; these include doing the simplest type of theory work to help the…

Cahn, Lorynne D.

145

Memory Strategies for Learning Disabled Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of the "keyword" method as a tool for improving memory in learning disabled students is explained. The keyword method consists of two stages: an acoustical link stage and a stage in which the student is provided with a picture of the keyword interacting with the appropriate response term. The method can be modified for use in vocabulary…

Mastropieri, Margo A.; Scruggs, Thomas E.

146

Information Needs of Parents about Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of more than 400 parents and carers of children and adults with severe learning disabilities in Northern Ireland found respondents' most common sources of information were social workers, staff in schools and centers, and general practitioners. Needed information most commonly concerned available services, leisure and holidays, and…

McConkey, Roy

2003-01-01

147

The Learning Disability of Attention Deficit Disorder.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two discriminant function analyses were conducted to determine the cognitive/educational profile which differentiated 4 groups of 68 elementary/secondary level students: attention deficit disorder (ADD), with and without medication; learning disabilities (LD); and nonhandicapped. By treating the LD and nonmedicated ADD subjects as one group, a…

Cherkes-Julkowski, Miriam; Stolzenberg, Jonathan

1991-01-01

148

Source Monitoring in Children with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thirty-six learning disabled (LD) and 36 nondisabled children (mean age = 12) were presented with sentences under either of 2 conditions and then given a recognition and source attribution task. The study concluded that, though LD children did not differ in recognition performance, results did suggest that children with LD possess a general…

Lorsbach, Thomas C.; Ewing, Roseanne H.

1995-01-01

149

Conversational Strategies of Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Conversational competence of 20 learning disabled (LD) second and fourth graders was examined through analysis of videotaped interviews between Ss and their peers. Results indicated that LD Ss were cooperative conversational partners who were able to participate in the reciprocal exchange of turns; however, they were less skilled than nondisabled…

Donahue, Mavis; And Others

150

Assessing pain in people with profound learning disabilities.  

PubMed

People with profound learning and multiple disabilities are at risk of pain because they experience complex and severe health conditions and frequently undergo surgical procedures that cause pain. Pain assessment in this client group requires a skilled approach, although there is little evidence available to guide nursing practice. In the absence of pain assessment measures specifically designed for use with people with profound learning disabilities, the nurse will need to rely on careful observation and interpretation of the client's communicative behaviour, clinical judgement and knowledge of the person during assessment. Intuition is also an important attribute and can be a valuable source of knowledge when assessing clients who are unable to verbalize their experience of pain. These issues, along with implications for nursing practice, are explored. PMID:12066043

Davies, D; Evans, L

151

Right hemispheric dysfunction in nonverbal learning disabilities: social, academic, and adaptive functioning in adults and children.  

PubMed

This review addresses recent research on social and nonverbal learning disabilities. Involvement of right hemispheric dysfunction in these disabilities has been hypothesized, as studies with adults have suggested that documented right hemisphere damage may lead to deficits in social skills, prosody, spatial orientation, problem solving, and recognition of nonverbal cues. Studies of children purported to evidence nonverbal learning disabilities are reviewed and compared with the results from studies of adults with right hemisphere damage. Specific subtypes of nonverbal learning disabilities are reviewed, including the nonverbal perceptual-organization-output subtype, Asperger's Syndrome, Developmental Gerstmann Syndrome, left hemisyndrome, right hemisphere syndrome, and right parietal lobe syndrome. Finally, implications and future research needs are addressed. The need for a diagnostic nosology and improved and validated intervention techniques is stressed as is early identification of these types of specific nonverbal learning disabilities. PMID:2181523

Semrud-Clikeman, M; Hynd, G W

1990-03-01

152

A Framework for Curriculum Development for Secondary Learning Disabled Students. Long Island University Transition Project Learning How to Learn: A High School/College Linkage Model to Expand Higher Educational Opportunities for Learning Disabled Students. Position Paper Series: Document No. 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on the learning disabilities of adolescents and young adults and the findings on metacognitive development and its impact on academic learning provide a framework for the design and development of a secondary school curriculum foundation program for college bound learning disabled students. The major practical implications of the research…

Seidenberg, Pearl L.

153

Subtypes of Learning Disabilities in Adolescents and Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study found that 331 Toronto (Ontario, Canada) adolescent and adult subjects with learning disabilities could be grouped into three subtypes: (1) arithmetic disability, (2) reading disability, and (3) reading and arithmetic disabilities. Each group differed significantly from the others on tests of reading, spelling, memory, and other…

Shafrir, Uri; Siegel, Linda S.

1994-01-01

154

Students with Learning Disabilities in the Music Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are a number of disabilities that music educators may never encounter among their students in the music classroom; however, all music educators will have students with learning disabilities. Students with learning disabilities may have a variety of "presenting problems" that limit their academic and social success in the music classroom. The…

Darrow, Alice-Ann

2012-01-01

155

Promoting Social Skills Among Students With Nonverbal Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The numbers are staggering: About one- third of students with learning disabili- ties (already the largest group of stu- dents with disabilities) have nonverbal, or social, disabilities. Students with nonverbal learning disabilities, then, not only face academic challenges but have difficulty meeting social expecta- tions, as well as many of life's other demands (see box, \\

Stephanie Morris

156

Neuroimmaturity of Learning-Disabled Children: A Controlled Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A neurological exam was administered in 119 learning-disabled children and 152 controls and a Neuroimmaturity Index (NI) was constructed. Neuroimmaturity decreased significantly with age, and after controlling for age and sex, there was statistically significant differences in NI between the learning-disabled and controls. Patterns of disability

Younes, Robert P.; And Others

1983-01-01

157

Communication Partnerships with People with Profound and Multiple Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are many definitions of profound and multiple learning disabilities. Most definitions include having a high degree of learning disability in conjunction with at least one other severe impairment, such as visual, auditory or physical impairments (Male, 1996; Ware, 1996; Lacey, 1998). Bunning (1997) adds that people with such disabilities are very reliant on others for support, including support in

Jill Bradshaw

2001-01-01

158

Cultural Influences on Sex Ratios in Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report describes a study of the sex ratios in learning disabilities among 305 Israli children in kindergarten, second grade, and fifth grade which found no gender differences in reading disability cases. Contrary findings of an apparent sex-linked component of learning disabilities among U.S. children are examined. (CL)

Gross, Alice Dzen

159

Differentiating Language Learning Disabled Populations from Non-Language Learning Disabled Populations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the type of language impairments found and the degree to which these impairments were being identified in a learning-disabled population in a middle school suburban setting, by use of the Fullerton Language Test for Adolescents, Revised. Subjects were categorized as language learning impaired (N=8 and mean age of 13 years)…

Schultze, Betty R.; And Others

160

The Learning Disabilities Association of America's White Paper on Evaluation, Identification, and Eligibility Criteria for Students with Specific Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This White Paper project was undertaken to address the Learning Disabilities Association of America (LDA) concerns regarding the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEIA) of 2004 statutory and regulatory requirements for the identification of Specific Learning Disabilities (SLD), and the subsequent U. S. Department of…

Learning Disabilities Association of America, 2010

2010-01-01

161

45 CFR 1308.14 - Eligibility criteria: Learning disabilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...spelling or doing mathematical calculations. The term includes such conditions as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, and aphasia. (b) An evaluation team may recommend that a child be classified as having a learning disability if: (1) The...

2010-10-01

162

Detection of learning disabilities in school children  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an English medium school Bombay, presence of learning disabilities was ascertained in 40 boys. Thorough clinical examination,\\u000a Horast reversal, mirror image and ‘teen’ reading and writing tests and other reading and dictation tests were carried out.\\u000a The parents and teachers were required to fill out a proforma regarding the child’s emotional and behavioural problems and\\u000a scholastic achievement. Only one

B. P. Shah; S. A. Khanna; N. Pinto

1981-01-01

163

Peer Victimization in Children with Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the nature and psychosocial correlates of peer victimization in a clinical sample of children with Learning\\u000a Disabilities (LD). A total of 303 patient charts were searched at a university child psychiatry clinic, and 77 participants\\u000a met LD diagnostic criteria. Data collected included the Child Behavior Checklist (which contains items assessing peer victimization),\\u000a Conners Parent Rating Scale, Revised

Audrey L. Baumeister; Eric A. Storch; Gary R. Geffken

2008-01-01

164

Learning Disabilities Following CNS Irradiation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thirteen elementary school age children with acute leukemia who had received cranial irradiation with dosages between 1,800 and 4,800 rads a mean of 6.3 years earlier were evaluated for the presence of learning disorders. The authors utilized both psychometric and educational tests. The results were analyzed according to a graduated regressed standard score procedure and yielded the following diagnoses: mental

Kathryn Fogarty; Victoria Volonino; Jefferies Caul; Jan Rongey; Barbara Whitman; Dennis OConnor; Pasquale Accardo

1988-01-01

165

Social skill deficits and learning disabilities: a meta-analysis.  

PubMed

Over the past 15 years, increased attention has been directed at social skills and their relationship to learning disabilities. Using the methods of meta-analysis, this investigation explores the nature of social skill deficits among students with learning disabilities. Across 152 studies, quantitative synthesis shows that, on average, about 75% of students with learning disabilities manifest social skill deficits that distinguish them from comparison samples. Approximately the same level of group differentiation is found across different raters (teachers, peers, self) and across most dimensions of social competence. Although social skill deficits appear to be an integral part of the learning disability experience, a number of questions about the relationship between learning disability and social skill deficits remain unanswered. Until these questions are answered, social skill deficits are best viewed as one among many elements of the learning disability constellation, and no significant definitional changes related to social skill deficits appear warranted. PMID:8732884

Kavale, K A; Forness, S R

1996-05-01

166

On Defining Learning and Disability: Exploring the Ecology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article discusses aspects of the definition of "learning disabilities". The process of learning is discussed including such themes as social interaction, personal reflection and response, integration, transformation/growth, and ecological wholeness, balance, and fit. Encouraged is a nonproblematic definition of learning disabilities. (DB)

Bartoli, Jill Sunday

1990-01-01

167

Receptive Language of Gifted and Learning Disabled?Gifted Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three tests of receptive language were administered to thirty children enrolled in regular, gifted, and learning disabled?gifted programs. Analyses of variance indicated that the Token Test for Children differentiated the learning disabled?gifted children and the Verbal Absurdities Subtest of the Detroit Tests of Learning Aptitude differentiated the gifted children from the other two groups.

Gail D. Chermak; Donna M. Burgerud

1983-01-01

168

Perceived competence and intrinsic motivation in learning disability children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Harter's (1978) developmental model of effectance motivation provided a conceptual framework for this study. Self?ratings of perceived competence and motivational orientation were obtained from learning disability and normal children in the fourth through sixth grades. Teacher ratings were also obtained. Broadening the view of learning disorders to include these non?ability factors, it was hypothesized that learning disability children would have

Ann Lincoln; Saralea Chazan

1979-01-01

169

Social Group Work for Young Offenders with Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the high incidence of learning disabilities among young offenders, research suggests that young offenders with learning disabilities do not receive interventions that address their learning dis- abilities. Group treatment approaches for young offenders typically uti- lize a cognitive-behavioral orientation. Cognitive behavioral techniques have been found to be effective with the young offender population by targeting their faulty thinking. However,

Faye Mishna; Barbara Muskat

2001-01-01

170

Cerebral calcification and learning disabilities following cranial irradiation for medulloblastoma.  

PubMed Central

Six children who received craniospinal irradiation for medulloblastoma when they were under 10 years of age developed learning disabilities. Four exhibited associated temporal lobe calcification on computerized tomography of the brain. The pathogenetic mechanisms of postirradiation cerebral calcification and learning disabilities in these children are discussed. We present the hypothesis that irradiation-induced vasculopathy results in hypoxia, most pronounced in the hippocampus. Hippocampal damage can manifest radiologically as calcifications and clinically as memory and learning disabilities. Images Figure

Abayomi, O.; Chun, M. S.; Kelly, K.

1990-01-01

171

Cerebral calcification and learning disabilities following cranial irradiation for medulloblastoma.  

PubMed

Six children who received craniospinal irradiation for medulloblastoma when they were under 10 years of age developed learning disabilities. Four exhibited associated temporal lobe calcification on computerized tomography of the brain. The pathogenetic mechanisms of postirradiation cerebral calcification and learning disabilities in these children are discussed. We present the hypothesis that irradiation-induced vasculopathy results in hypoxia, most pronounced in the hippocampus. Hippocampal damage can manifest radiologically as calcifications and clinically as memory and learning disabilities. PMID:2280428

Abayomi, O; Chun, M S; Kelly, K

1990-12-01

172

The future of learning disabilities nursing in the UK.  

PubMed

This article appraises the report Strengthening the Commitment, which is a UK-wide review of learning disabilities nursing by the UK's four chief nursing officers. Strengthening the Commitment has strategic importance in reviewing progress in the care of people with learning disabilities in the UK. It also has a role in helping to guide future strategies and initiatives addressing the continuing health inequalities experienced by people with learning disabilities throughout the UK. PMID:24985304

Clapham, Anthony

2014-07-01

173

Screening for Offenders with an Intellectual Disability: The Validity of the Learning Disability Screening Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study assessed the validity of an intellectual disability screening tool, the Learning Disability Screening Questionnaire (LDSQ), in three forensic settings: a community intellectual disability forensic service; a forensic in-patient secure unit and a prison, using data for 94 individuals. A significant positive relationship was found between…

McKenzie, Karen; Michie, Amanda; Murray, Aja; Hales, Charlene

2012-01-01

174

Interactions between Teachers and Learning Disabled and Non-Learning Disabled Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An observational measurement system was used to examine the interaction of 14 learning disabled (LD) students (12-15 years old) and their teachers. Interactions were compared with those of 16 non LD students (12-16 years old). It was hypothesized that LDs would have fewer interactions with their teachers and that the proportion of negative…

Powell, Lynda; And Others

175

Learning Disabilities and Criminal Justice: Custody Sergeants' Perceptions of Alleged Offenders with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research demonstrates that despite increased attention and awareness by politicians and decision-makers, people with learning disabilities are still disadvantaged when engaging with the criminal justice system. It has been argued that shortcomings in providing support are because of criminal justice professionals lacking necessary skills…

Hellenbach, Michael

2012-01-01

176

A Homogeneous Group of Persons with Learning Disabilities: Adults with Severe Learning Disabilities in Vocational Rehabilitation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning-disabled adults (N=145) participating in vocational rehabilitation were found to constitute a homogeneous group with severe deficits, exhibiting: low-average general intelligence; lower verbal than performance Intelligence Quotients; attention, reasoning, and auditory memory deficits; academic achievement at the fourth/fifth-grade level;…

Minskoff, Esther H.; And Others

1989-01-01

177

Skills, Standards, and Disabilities: How Youth with Learning Disabilities Fare in High School and beyond  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning disabled youth in the Child and Young Adult samples of the NLSY79 are "more" likely to graduate from high school than peers with the same measured cognitive ability, a difference that cannot be explained by differences in noncognitive skills, families, or school resources. Instead, I find that learning disabled students graduate from high…

McGee, Andrew

2011-01-01

178

Skills, standards, and disabilities: How youth with learning disabilities fare in high school and beyond  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning disabled youth in the Child and Young Adult samples of the NLSY79 are more likely to graduate from high school than peers with the same measured cognitive ability, a difference that cannot be explained by differences in noncognitive skills, families, or school resources. Instead, I find that learning disabled students graduate from high school at higher rates than youth

Andrew McGee

2011-01-01

179

Disabling a Family? Emotional Dilemmas Experienced in Becoming a Parent of a Child with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Becoming the parent of a child diagnosed with learning disabilities can have a dramatic impact. Chrissie Rogers, the author of this article, is both a lecturer in education studies at Keele University and the mother of a daughter who has learning disabilities. She argues here that the pressures on mothers to produce "perfect" babies and to meet…

Rogers, Chrissie

2007-01-01

180

Analysis of Learning Disabilities of Tuberous Sclerosis Complex in Drosophila.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Intellectual impairments/learning disabilities are among the most frequent clinical manifestations of tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). In this proposal, we explored Drosophila models for TSC related learning defects. Both tsc1 and tsc2 genes are conserve...

Y. Zhong

2006-01-01

181

A Psychological Consultation Program for Learning-Disabled Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the role of the Learning Needs and Evaluation Center at the University of Virginia, which provides diagnostic testing for learning disabilities as well as psychological consultation. Usage trends are discussed as well as coping patterns of LD students. (JAC)

Lefebvre, R. Craig

1984-01-01

182

Implications for Assessing Biobehavioral States in Individuals with Profound Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Biobehavioral state assessment is an area of research and classroom application with important implications for students with profound disabilities, their families, and teachers. The authors review research related to the foundations of state assessment, its uses with typically and atypically developing infants, and related studies on individuals with profound disabilities. Specific studies are reviewed concerning the development of state assessment

Stephen B. Richards; Rhonda Y. Richards

1997-01-01

183

Using accessible math textbooks with students who have learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Math is a subject that most students in K-12 participate in every school day. This includes students with learning disabilities as they are equally accountable to meeting general math curriculum requirements. Project SMART provided digital versions of math textbooks modified to include MathML for use by eighth grade students with various learning disabilities. A goal of Project SMART was to

Preston Lewis; Steve Noble; Neil Soiffer

2010-01-01

184

Learning Disabled College Writers Project, Evaluation Report, 1985-86.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the Learning Disabled College Writer's Project, implemented at the University of Minnesota during the 1985-86 school year and designed to aid learning disabled college students master composition skills through training in the use of microcomputer word processors. Following an executive summary, an introduction states the…

Dunham, Trudy

185

Unanticipated Effects of Children with Learning Disabilities on Their Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the unanticipated effects that children with learning disabilities have on the life of their families. Eleven parents of students aged 8 to 16 years old participated in two separate focus group interviews. Findings showed that children with learning disabilities had a range of effects on their families. These included family…

Dyson, Lily

2010-01-01

186

Advocacy in NursingPerceptions of Learning Disability Nurses  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been an interest in nurse advocacy since the 1970s and recently there has been an increase in the nursing literature regarding this controversial subject. There has, however, been very little research into the nurse advocate role, particularly in learning disability nursing. This qualitative study explored the perceptions of eight learning disability nurses about their advocacy role, using semi-structured

Ros Blackmore

2001-01-01

187

Sexual Offenders with Learning Disabilities: Risk, Recidivism and Treatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the literature on the assessment, treatment and management of non-learning disabled sexual offenders is well established, it is only in recent years that researchers and clinicians have focused on sexual offenders with learning disabilities. In contrast to mainstream sex offender treatment programmes, there are few evaluated community-based…

Craig, Leam A.; Hutchinson, Roger B.

2005-01-01

188

Measuring Progress in Public & Parental Understanding of Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report discusses outcomes of a study that conducted telephone interviews with 1,000 adults to investigate their awareness and attitudes toward learning disabilities and attitudinal changes since 1995, to explore parents' recognition of various behaviors or symptoms as indicators of possible learning disabilities, and to determine what level…

Roper Starch Worldwide Inc.

189

How Adults with Learning Disabilities View Living Independently  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is seen as increasingly important for people with learning disabilities to be supported to live independently and manage their own self care, productivity and leisure activities. This qualitative study explored the experiences of nine adults with mild learning disabilities who lived alone with minimal support. Their narratives were analysed…

Bond, Rebecca J.; Hurst, Jenni

2010-01-01

190

Math and Science Strategies for English Learners with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students with learning disabilities have significantly lower achievement in math and science than students from the general population. If these students with learning disabilities also are English Learners, the challenges for success in math and science are even more difficult. Teachers need to infuse best practices into their classrooms to…

Peterson, Patricia; Johnson, Gae; Showalter, Stephen

2012-01-01

191

Assessing the Reading Comprehension of Adults with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This study's aim was to begin the process of measuring the reading comprehension of adults with mild and borderline learning disabilities, in order to generate information to help clinicians and other professionals to make written material for adults with learning disabilities more comprehensible. Methods: The Test for the Reception of…

Jones, F. W.; Long, K.; Finlay, W. M. L.

2006-01-01

192

Learning Disabled Children's Attitudes toward Reading and Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to measure how learning disabled (LD) children perceive reading and libraries. No similar studies were found during the literature search undertaken for this project. Twenty-three fourth and fifth grade students identified as learning disabled by their school system were interviewed to collect information on their…

Richards, Vicki

193

Working with Adults Who Have Learning Disabilities. Project Upgrade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to help educators develop a philosophy and understanding for working with learning disabled adults, this document consists of an introduction, 11 chapters, a 76-item bibliography, materials and resource suggestions, and three appendices. The introduction provides an overview of learning disabled adults. The chapters include (1)…

Manhattan Adult Learning and Resource Center, KS.

194

Rehabilitation and Learning Disabilities: A New Challenge for Counselors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article describes the nature of learning disabilities, notes the characteristics that learning disabled clients may exhibit (including academic, perceptual, and motor problems), and considers the factors relevant to rehabilitation planning and counseling (including the importance of a holistic approach featuring remediation, compensation, and…

Witten, Barbara J.

1983-01-01

195

Postschool Goals and Transition Services for Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the initial findings for students with learning disabilities from the first year of The Ohio Longitudinal Transition Study (OLTS). The study included 416 participants with learning disabilities who were exiting high school. Data from an in-school survey were analyzed by sample demographics (e.g. school setting, school type,…

Daviso, Alfred W.; Denney, Stephen C.; Baer, Robert M.; Flexer, Robert

2011-01-01

196

Challenging Behaviour: Analysis and Intervention in People with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book offers a British perspective on ways of conceptualizing, assessing, and intervening in the challenging behavior of people with severe learning disabilities, with emphasis on the types of technical support needed. An introductory chapter explains why the term "learning disability" is used rather than mental handicap, mental retardation,…

Emerson, Eric

197

Teaching Writing to Learning Disabled Students: A Pilot Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A pilot study examined the influence of team teaching, the use of computers, conferencing, and one-to-one immediate feedback on the development of writing skills of learning disabled students at Genesee Community College. Twelve students identified as learning disabled (LD) and who demonstrated great difficulty in introductory English classes were…

Long, Maxine M.

198

Algebra Progress Monitoring and Interventions for Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competence in algebra is linked to access to higher education, employment in better-paying jobs, and, increasingly, the ability to earn a high school diploma. For many students with learning disabilities, developing proficiency in algebra represents a challenging, but necessary goal. Teachers of students with learning disabilities need access to…

Foegen, Anne

2008-01-01

199

Academic Red-Shirting among Children with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study examined whether the parental practice of delayed kindergarten entrance, also known as academic red-shirting, was associated with gains in academic achievement among children with learning disabilities. Results indicate no significant differences in the academic achievement among children with learning disabilities who were…

Barnard-Brak, Lucy

2009-01-01

200

Mathematics Instruction for Students with Learning Disabilities or Difficulty Learning Mathematics: A Synthesis of the Intervention Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This meta-analysis synthesizes experimental and quasi-experimental research on instruction that enhances the mathematics performance of K-12 students with learning disabilities. It reports the findings from this synthesis, discusses the implications for practice, and suggests next steps for research and professional development efforts in this…

Gersten, Russell; Chard, David J.; Jayanthi, Madhavi; Baker, Scott K.; Morphy, Paul; Flojo, Jonathan

2008-01-01

201

Working with Children with Learning Disabilities and\\/or who Communicate Non?verbally: Research Experiences and their Implications for Social Work Education, Increased Participation and Social Inclusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social exclusion, although much debated in the UK, frequently focuses on children as a key ‘at risk’ group. However, some groups, such as disabled children, receive less consideration. Similarly, despite both UK and international policy and guidance encouraging the involvement of disabled children and their right to participate in decision?making arenas, they are frequently denied this right. UK based evidence

Wendy Mitchell; Anita Franklin; Veronica Greco; Margaret Bell

2009-01-01

202

Supporting medical students with learning disabilities in Asian medical schools  

PubMed Central

Learning disabilities (LDs) represent the largest group of disabilities in higher education (HE) institutes, including medical schools, and the numbers are continuing to rise. The worrying concern is that two-thirds to half of these students with LDs remain undiagnosed when they start their undergraduate education and may even graduate without having their disabilities diagnosed. These students struggle with their academic abilities, receive poor grades and, as a result, develop lower perceptions of their intellectual abilities than do those students without LDs. All these ultimately hamper their professional practice, employment, and career progression. Appropriate and adequate educational policies, provisions, and practices help students to progress satisfactorily. In Asian countries, public and professional awareness about LDs is low, supportive provisions are limited, legislations are inadequate, data are scarce, and equal-opportunity/widening-participation policies are not implemented effectively in the HE sector. This article discusses the issues related to LDs in medical education and draws policy, provision, and practice implications to identify, assess, and support students with LDs in medical schools, particularly in an Asian context.

Majumder, Md. Anwarul Azim; Rahman, Sayeeda; D'Souza, Urban JA; Elbeheri, Gad; Abdulrahman, Khalid Bin; Huq, M Muzaherul

2010-01-01

203

Readings about Children and Youth with Learning Disabilities. ERIC Mini-Bib.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This short bibliography summarizes printed resources and videotapes relating to children and youth with learning disabilities. Seventeen books are listed that address: (1) career planning; (2) common learning disabilities and coping with learning disabilities; (3) teaching adolescents with learning disabilities; (4) child rearing; (5) learning

Sorenson, Barbara R., Comp.

204

Psychological adjustment in learning disabled, hyperactive, and hyperactive\\/learning disabled children as measured by the personality inventory for children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study evaluated the personality adjustment of 15 learning disabled, 15 hyperactive, and 15 hyperactive\\/learning disabled boys between 6 and 13 years of age by means of the Personality Inventory for Children (PIC). Results indicated that 6 of the 16 scales significantly differentiated these groups. These were the Frequency, Adjustment, Delinquency, Psychosis, Hyperactivity, and Social Skills scales. Subsequent pairwise

Michael J. Breen; Russell A. Barkley

1984-01-01

205

Perspectives on Applications of Technology in the Field of Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes how concepts related to the use of technology in education have evolved with particular emphasis on their implications for people with learning disabilities (LD). The article reflects the personal perceptions of the author as a "participant observer" in a variety of activities related to technology applications in special…

Blackhurst, A. Edward

2005-01-01

206

A Theoretical and Experimental Base for a Short Term Memory Deficit in Young Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Short-term memory deficits are examined as precursors of learning disabilities in early childhood. The theories of Jean Piaget, Robbie Case, and Joseph Torgesen are reviewed to construct a theoretical framework. Supportive experimental studies are described, followed by implications for remediation and intervention. (Author/JDD)

Lowenthal, B.

1988-01-01

207

Learning Disabilities and the New Reductionism: A Response to Reid and Valle  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to respond to Reid and Valle's article "The Discursive Practice of LD: Implications for Instruction and Parent?School Relations" in this issue. Our response to the discursive analysis is organized around two major themes: (a) the issue of balance in the scholarship on learning disabilities (LD) and (b) the centrality…

Neufeld, Paul; Hoskyn, Maureen

2005-01-01

208

The Effect of Early Reading Failure on Acquisition of Knowledge among Students with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article considers the ramifications of early reading failure within the context of J. Chall's five-stage model of reading development: (1) initial decoding, (2) fluency, (3) reading for meaning, (4) relationships and viewpoints, and (5) synthesis. Instructional implications include learning disabled students' special need for good instruction…

Snider, Vicki E.; Tarver, Sara G.

1987-01-01

209

Concurrent Validity of the Test of Nonverbal Intelligence with Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results of the Test of Nonverbal Intelligence (TONI), Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised (WISC-R), and Wide Range Achievement Test were compared for 66 learning disabled children in grades one through six. The TONI mean score was found to be significantly different from the WISC-R Performance Intelligence Quotient (IQ). Implications

Haddad, Frederick A.

1986-01-01

210

Project Impact: Service-Learning's Impact on Youth with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A qualitative exploration of a service-learning program for high school students with disabilities is presented. Focus groups with (n = 15) students and interviews with (n = 3) service-learning teachers at multiple service-learning sites were conducted to explore the perceptions of students and service-learning teachers regarding the impact of the…

Miller, Christina R.

2013-01-01

211

Hidden voices: the participation of people with learning disabilities in the experience of public open space  

Microsoft Academic Search

The self-advocacy of people with learning disabilities (PWLD) is an issue of high current importance. In the UK 210,000 people have severe and profound learning disabilities, whilst 25 in every 1000 of the population in England has a mild to moderate learning disability (Department of Health, Valuing people: a new strategy for learning disability for the 21 century, London, Stationery

A. R. Mathers

2008-01-01

212

Drawing on three discursive modes in learning disability nurse education.  

PubMed

This article presents ideas generated by a qualitative study exploring the complexities of the social construction of learning disability/intellectual disability. The ideas are based upon a larger doctoral study which investigated the social construction of learning disability as seen through the discourses and discursive devices used by nurse teachers in classroom teaching in particular during story telling activities to students. The investigations centred upon the stories and were supported by subsequent interviews with the teachers and observations of teaching sessions. The findings highlight three discursive devices which I call discursivemodes used in the social construction of learning disability/intellectual disability by nurse educators and help to explain the personal and professional tensions experienced by nurses faced with the dominant discourses of today. PMID:18829142

Shaw, Susan A

2009-02-01

213

College Preparedness and Time of Learning Disability Identification  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the results of the Learning and Study Strategies Inventory (LASSI) administered to college students in order to identify similarities and differences between time of diagnosis of a learning disability and the development of learning strategies related to will, self-regulation, and skill components. Findings indicate that early…

Abreu-Ellis, Carla; Ellis, Jason; Hayes, Richard

2009-01-01

214

Collaborative Partnerships that Promote Seamless Learning for Students with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instrumental case study employed a qualitative approach to explore ways that partnerships were built on a large, decentralized campus to support the seamless learning for students with disabilities. The number of college students with disabilities is increasing today, yet higher education lacks coordinated systems that provide a coherent…

Stolz, Katherine A.

2010-01-01

215

Teacher with a Learning Disability: Legal Issues and District Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study focuses on a teacher who discloses a learning disability to her Principal. Given the teacher's challenges in retention of her content material, the district is faced with how to handle the personnel situation of an employee with a disability. This case raises questions of how to balance the needs and interests of students with the…

Clayton, Jennifer K.

2009-01-01

216

Clusters of Learning Disabled Test Takers in the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Testing organizations have recently been scrutinized because of the perception that affluent, white male students from the northeast are falsely claiming disabilities to gain extended time on standardized tests for college admission. In response to these assertions, the percentage of learning disabled test takers on the SAT I: Reasoning Test is…

Cahalan, Cara

217

Learning Disability Documentation in Higher Education: What Are Students Submitting?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the supporting documentation submitted by students with learning disability (LD) diagnoses. The participants were 210 students who were enrolled in a college support program for students with disabilities at a private liberal arts college. Findings showed that although most students submitted a psychoeducational evaluation,…

Sparks, Richard L.; Lovett, Benjamin J.

2014-01-01

218

Diagnosing a Learning Disability in a Hearing-Impaired Child.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a case study that used an interdisciplinary diagnostic approach to determine whether a hearing-impaired nine-year-old child had a learning disability and to determine the type of disability. The assessment included medical examination, gross and fine motor skills, psychological functioning, mental processing and achievement,…

Plapinger, Donald; Sikora, Darryn

1990-01-01

219

Counseling Needs of Academically Talented Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School counselors work individually and with other educators to meet the developmental needs of all students, including those with special needs or disabilities. In this article, the results of qualitative research are summarized involving comparative case studies of university students who were both academically talented and learning disabled.…

Reis, Sally M.; Colbert, Robert

2004-01-01

220

Creating Opportunities for Intensive Intervention for Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the last reauthorization of the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA, also known as No Child Left Behind or NCLB), special education research exerted a major influence on general education. Even so, the academic outcomes of students with learning disabilities (LD), who are the…

Fuchs, Lynn S.; Fuchs, Douglas

2009-01-01

221

Using multimedia to enhance the accessibility of the learning environment for disabled students: reflections from the Skills for Access project  

Microsoft Academic Search

As educators' awareness of their responsibilities towards ensuring the accessibility of the learning environment to disabled students increases, significant debate surrounds the implications of acces- sibility requirements on educational multimedia. There would appear to be widespread concern that the fundamental principles of creating accessible web-based materials seem at odds with the creative and innovative use of multimedia to support learning

David Sloan; John Stratford; Peter Gregor

2006-01-01

222

Behavioral Inhibition in Children with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children with reading disabilities (RD, n = 17), mathematical disabilities (MD, n = 22), combined reading and mathematical disabilities (RD + MD, n = 28) and control peers (n = 45) were tested on behavioral inhibition with a Go/no-go task in a picture, letter and digit-modality. In contrast to children without RD, children with RD made…

De Weerdt, Frauke; Desoete, Annemie; Roeyers, Herbert

2013-01-01

223

[Temporary disability and its legal implications].  

PubMed

Temporary disability is the condition that workers face when, as the result of illness (common or professional) or accident (work-related or not), they are temporarily prevented from performing their work and require health care. The management of temporary disability is a medical act that involves (in addition to a complex clinical assessment) obvious social, occupational and financial connotations and requires continuing medical follow-up from doctors, as well as responses to medical-legal conflicts. The regulatory framework on the subject is extensive in the Spanish setting and highly diverse in the European setting. Beyond the regulatory framework, the repercussions of temporary disability are self-evident at all levels. Although determining temporary disability is a common medical act for practicing physicians, it is not exempt from risks or difficulties arising from the assessment itself and the characteristics of practicing medical care. Established medical-legal conflicts include the processing of health data and the requirements for transferring information related to workers' temporary disability to their company's medical services. The interest and usefulness demonstrated by the data obtained from forensic medicine for public health require the incorporation of these data into general healthcare information, as it could be essential to the surveillance of worker health. The recommendations established by medical societies, as good practice guidelines, are especially useful in this type of conflict. PMID:24913752

Martin-Fumadó, Carles; Martí Amengual, Gabriel; Puig Bausili, Lluïsa; Arimany-Manso, Josep

2014-03-01

224

Health Checks for People with Learning DisabilitiesCommunity Learning Disability Teams Working with General Practitioners and Primary Health Care Teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

By offering annual health checks to people with learning disabilities a variety of health conditions were detected and treated. Health checks took place at a general practice surgery and were performed by a consultant psychiatrist in learning disability, a general practitioner (GP) and a community learning disability nurse. Thirty-five people attended full health checks at T1 (year 1) and T2

Geraldine Cassidy; David M. Martin; Graham H. B. Martin; Ashok Roy

2002-01-01

225

Learning Disabilities and Poverty: Moving towards a New Understanding of Learning Disabilities as a Public Health and Economic-Risk Issue.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on environmental issues that affect learning disabilities and provides a rationale for learning disabilities as a public health and economic-risk issue. The link between learning disabilities and poverty and the impact of low birth weight and lead poisoning are discussed. Action steps are provided. (CR)

Young, Glenn; Gerber, Paul J.

1998-01-01

226

Gifted but Learning Disabled: A Puzzling Paradox. ERIC Digest #E479.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This digest is derived from Susan Baum's "Being Gifted and Learning Disabled...From Definition to Practical Intervention." The learning disabled gifted are grouped into three categories: identified gifted students who have subtle learning disabilities, unidentified students whose gifts and disabilities may be masked by average achievement, and…

Baum, Susan

227

Project Upgrade. Working with Adults Who Have Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is designed to help adult educators understand and meet the needs of adults with learning disabilities (ALDs). A research-substantiated rationale for remedial instruction for ALDs is presented in the introduction. Selected terms are defined, and common characteristics of ALDs are examined. Basic assumptions regarding adult learning

Manhattan Adult Learning and Resource Center, KS.

228

Diagnosis of Specific Learning Disabilities and Prescriptive Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recent trend in special education toward individualized teaching based on the diagnosis of specific learning disabilities is reviewed. The concern of educators for emphasis on psychoeducational diagnosis to determine learning and behavioral problems, and their remediation, rather than primarily on classification and categorization along…

Alonso, Lou; And Others

229

Working Together: Computers and People with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief paper considers ways in which people with learning disabilities can benefit from both mainstream and specialized computer hardware and software. First, definitions are provided of terminology, including terms such as dysgraphia, dyscalculia, dyspraxia, non-verbal learning disorder, and dyslexia. Discussion of the role of assistive…

Washington Univ., Seattle.

230

Artificial Intelligence and the Education of the Learning Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Computer logic is advised for teaching learning disabled children because the computer reduces complicated problems to series of subproblems, then combines solutions of subproblems to solve the initial problem. Seven examples for using the technique are given, including solving verbal math problems. Encourages teachers to learn computer…

Halpern, Noemi

1984-01-01

231

Cognitive and Academic Instructional Intervention for Learning-Disabled Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on learning-disabled secondary school students' academic deficits, response to classroom environment, and response to instructional interventions is integrated with research on metacognition in text learning. A metacognitive orientation is recommended for instructional intervention programs, which should address general comprehension…

Seidenberg, Pearl L.

1988-01-01

232

Verbal Memory and Semantic Organization of Children with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined the verbal learning performance and the semantic organization used by Greek reading-disabled readers as compared to a control group using a list-learning task. The sample consisted of 45 elementary school children with reading difficulties and 45 comparison children matched for age and gender. Tests of reading ability,…

Polychroni, Fotini; Economou, Alexandra; Printezi, Anna; Koutlidi, Ifigeneia

2011-01-01

233

Teaching Kids with Learning Disabilities to Take Public Transit  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Taking public transit can make anyone nervous, especially in a large or medium-sized city where there are many different bus lines going many different places. The author's daughter, Anna, has multiple learning disabilities and may never learn to drive, but she wants to be as independent as possible so the author taught her to ride the bus. This…

Schoenfeld, Jane

2009-01-01

234

Verbal Learning and Memory Functions in Adolescents with Reading Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors of this current study compared the memory performance of adolescent students with specific reading disabilities (RD) with that of typical adolescent readers on a newly developed verbal learning test, the "Bergen-Tucson Verbal Learning Test" (BTVLT). This multiple trial test was designed to measure memory acquisition, retention,…

Oyler, James D.; Obrzut, John E.; Asbjornsen, Arve E.

2012-01-01

235

Learning Disorders and Learning Disabilities: A Logical and Socio-Political Puzzle.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A lack of clarity continues as to the precise terminology and classification concerning the concepts of learning disabilities in the fields of school psychology and special education. This paper reviews the complex logical and socio-political issues of learning disabilities as they relate to current educational and social realities. (Author/JDM)

Holowinsky, Ivan Z.

2000-01-01

236

Managing specific learning disability in schools in India.  

PubMed

Specific learning disability (dyslexia, dysgraphia, and dyscalculia) afflicts 5-15% of school-going children. Over the last decade; awareness about this invisible handicap has grown in India. However, much needs to be done to ensure that each afflicted child gets an opportunity to achieve his or her full academic potential in regular mainstream schools. In order to achieve this ideal scenario, all regular classroom teachers should be sensitized to suspect, and trained to screen for this disability when the child is in primary school. School managements should become proactive to set up resource rooms and employ special educators to ensure that these children receive regular and affordable remedial education; and be diligent in ensuring that these children get the mandatory provisions both during school and board examinations. Once specific learning disability is recognized as a disability by the Government of India, these children with the backing of the Right to Education Act, would be able to benefit significantly. PMID:21813921

Karande, Sunil; Sholapurwala, Rukhshana; Kulkarni, Madhuri

2011-07-01

237

THE IMPLICATIONS OF CONTINUOUS LEARNING.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

IN THE FIRST OF TWO ADDRESSES GIVEN IN INDIA ON THE IMPLICATIONS OF CONTINUOUS LEARNING, J. ROBY KIDD DEFINES LIFELONG EDUCATION AS EMBRACING ALL PURPOSEFUL, PLANNED EDUCATION, FORMAL OR INFORMAL, FROM EARLY CHILDHOOD TO OLD AGE. SUCH EDUCATION IS DISCUSSED AS A MEANS OF EXTENDING AND IMPROVING EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES AND THE QUALITY OF SOCIETY,…

KIDD, J. ROBY

238

Framing a Ceiling as a Floor: The Changing Definition of Learning Disabilities and the Conflicting Trends in Legislation Affecting Learning Disabled Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the debate over who should be considered learning disabled rages, a recent trend toward narrowing the definition of disability has emerged under the Americans with Disabilities Act. This attempt to draw a more distinct line between the disabled and society at large in the ADA context is in conflict with recent No Child Left Behind legislation which tries to

Nicholas Lee Townsend

2006-01-01

239

Specific Learning Disabilities and Responsiveness to Intervention. Resource List. Winter 2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 1997 (IDEA 1997) and Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 (IDEA 2004) define specific learning disabilities in a similar manner. "The term "specific learning disability" means a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in…

Starrett, Barbara E.; de Boer, Sonja R.; Tollefson, Julie M.

2007-01-01

240

Testing the effectiveness of problem-based learning with learning-disabled students in biology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of problem-based learning (PBL) with learning-disabled (LD) students. Twenty-four students (12 dyads) classified as LD and attending a school for the learning-disabled participated in the study. Students engaged in either a computer-based environment involving BioWorld, a hospital simulation designed to teach biology students problem-solving skills, or a paper-and-pencil version

Claudia Patrizia Guerrera

2002-01-01

241

Verbal learning and memory as measured by the Rey-Auditory Verbal Learning Test: ADHD with and without learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary purpose of the present study is to examine the effects of attention deficits, learning disability, and the combined effects of both on the learning and memory processes, as measured by the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (AVLT). Thirty children (age range 12–17) diagnosed with attention deficit\\/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), 18 children (age range 11–17) diagnosed with learning disabilities (LD),

Eli Vakil; Haya Blachstein; Raya Wertman-Elad; Yoram Greenstein

2011-01-01

242

Verbal learning and memory as measured by the Rey-Auditory Verbal Learning Test: ADHD with and without learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary purpose of the present study is to examine the effects of attention deficits, learning disability, and the combined effects of both on the learning and memory processes, as measured by the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (AVLT). Thirty children (age range 12–17) diagnosed with attention deficit\\/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), 18 children (age range 11–17) diagnosed with learning disabilities (LD),

Eli Vakil; Haya Blachstein; Raya Wertman-Elad; Yoram Greenstein

2012-01-01

243

Awareness among Teachers of Learning Disabilities in Students at Different Board Levels  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning disability is a complex phenomenon to understand. There are many connotations of learning disabilities thus even today it creates confusion in the mind of the general public and the professionals. Learning disability is a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or using spoken or written…

Mehta, Deepti

2006-01-01

244

Frames of Reference for the Assessment of Learning Disabilities: New Views on Measurement Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book offers 27 papers addressing critical issues in the assessment of students with all kinds of learning disabilities. Papers have the following titles and authors: "Critical Issues in the Measurement of Learning Disabilities" (G. Reid Lyon); "A Matrix of Decision Points in the Measurement of Learning Disabilities" (Barbara K. Keogh);…

Lyon, G. Reid, Ed.

245

Learning Disabilities and Its Impact on Poverty and Adult Literacy Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The four papers that make up this document report on poverty issues as they pertain to adults with learning disabilities. "Programmatic Response to Welfare Clients with Learning Disabilities" (Glenn Young) describes steps in the Learning Disabilities Initiative that works with federal agencies, states, local governments, and nonprofit…

Young, Glenn; Gerber, Paul J.; Reder, Stephen; Cooper, Richard

246

Impact of Various Instructional Strategies for Enhancing Mathematical Skills of Learning Disabled Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aim: The current study tested the comparative efficacy of various strategies on basic mathematical skills of learning disabled children. Methods: Learning disabled children were randomly assigned to multimedia, cognitive, eclectic and control conditions. Assessment included the use of IQ, Diagnostic Test of Learning Disability, and Pre and…

Kaur, Taranjit; Kohli, Tehal; Devi, Batani

2008-01-01

247

The Effects of Learning Disabilities on a Child's Self-Concept.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The review of the literature focuses on research assessing the effects of learning disabilities on a child's self-concept. After an introduction, definitions of "learning disabilities" and "self-concept" are offered. The literature on effects of learning disabilities on self-concept in elementary, middle, and high school age children is then…

Avazian, Karyn Lorraine Wood

248

Learning Disabilities and the American Public: A Look at American's Awareness and Knowledge.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined 1,200 adults' understanding of and attitudes toward learning disabilities, through a telephone survey. Additional objectives included the identification of various information sources and testing of potential messages about learning disabilities. Halfway through each telephone interview, a definition of learning disabilities

Roper Starch Worldwide Inc.

249

Physiological Uniqueness: A New Perspective on the Learning Disabled/Gifted Child.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A body of psychoeducational data were gathered on 11 children (ages 8-14) who were gifted and learning disabled. Results from brain imaging and vision testing for hyperacuity and contrast sensitivity suggest that the interaction of high ability and learning disability results in brain and vision patterns unique to the learning-disabled/gifted…

Bireley, Marlene; And Others

1992-01-01

250

Money, Finance and the Personalisation Agenda for People with Learning Disabilities in the UK: Some Emerging Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the UK, policy on adult social care places an emphasis on maximising choice and control for service users, including people with learning disabilities. The shift from the provision of organised services for groups of people to offering individual and personal budgets and pots of money for people to buy their own services has major implications

Abbott, David; Marriott, Anna

2013-01-01

251

The Performance of Learning Disabled Children on the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children and the Bender-Gestalt Test.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results of the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children (K-ABC) and Bender-Gestalt Test were compared for a sample of learning disabled children that included 24 blacks and 24 whites; mean age 9 years. A significant correlation coefficient was found between the K-ABC Simultaneous Scale and the Bender-Gestalt Test error score. Implications of these…

Haddad, Frederick A.

1986-01-01

252

University Staff Members' Attitudes and Knowledge about Learning Disabilities and Disability Support Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation examined university staff members' attitudes towards students with learning disabilities (LD) at the postsecondary level. Although prior research has examined university faculty perceptions of students with LD, little is known about staff members' attitudes and perceptions. A survey instrument was administered to approximately…

Murray, Christopher; Flannery, Brigid K.; Wren, Carol

2008-01-01

253

Dyslexia and Learning Disabilities in Canada and the UK: The Impact of Its Disability Employment Laws  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of employment laws pertaining to individuals with learning disabilities in Canada and dyslexia in the UK were investigated via the extant research literature. Currently, there is very little research in this area despite Canada and the UK having laws in effect for decades. Surprisingly, their laws have been revamped despite an absence…

Gerber, Paul J.; Batalo, Cecilia G.; Achola, Edwin O.

2012-01-01

254

Nurses' role in the developments in learning disability care.  

PubMed

This article looks at the changes in the attitude of society towards people with a learning disability over the last 20 years. Their status in the world as well as their right to be recognized as individuals will be discussed. Nurses have had to move away from the medical and dependence model of care and adjust their practice and behaviour to practice in a more relaxed and domestic style, in which risk-taking, decision-making, choice and opportunity for the clients are key features of the service. This article will highlight the role that learning disability nurses have played in these changes and the adjustments that they have had to make to their clinical practice. Within the new culture of independence and rights for people with a disability, it emphasizes the need for nurses to ensure that they address their own accountability and responsibility. Strategies that have been developed to address social discrimination and exclusion will also be explored. PMID:14512861

Parrish, Alan; Styring, Lesley

255

Live It, Learn It: The Academic Club Methodology for Students with Learning Disabilities and ADHD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Improve school success for students who have learning disabilities and ADHD with "Academic Clubs," the proven learning-by-doing approach presented in this energizing guidebook. Sally Smith--the highly respected founder of the Lab Schools, where 95% of students with learning problems go on to college--shows elementary school educators how to…

Smith, Sally L.

2004-01-01

256

Verbal Learning Strategies of Adolescents and Adults with the Syndrome of Nonverbal Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although many psychometric studies of individuals with the syndrome of nonverbal learning disabilities (NLD) have been conducted, one relatively neglected area has been the study of their performance on explicit verbal memory measures. We examined the performance of adolescents and adults with NLD on the California Verbal Learning Test, a measure allowing analysis of self-initiated learning strategies, and compared their

Nancy J. Fisher; John W. Deluca

1997-01-01

257

Competencies of Postsecondary Education Personnel Serving Students with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data from a survey of 299 practitioners were assembled to identify needed competencies of administrative and direct service personnel in implementing postsecondary support programs for learning-disabled students. Key competencies identified by instructors include assessment skills, cognitive interventions, and instructional skills, whereas…

Norlander, Kay A.; And Others

1990-01-01

258

Adult Learning Disabilities Screening Using an Internet-Administered Instrument  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifying individuals with specific learning disabilities (SLD) is a complex task, particularly for adult populations. Adult agencies such as vocational rehabilitative services or adult basic education often use different SLD definitions and criteria, are often understaffed, have limited resources, and have a shortage of staff trained on SLD…

Lancaster, Sean; Mellard, Daryl

2005-01-01

259

Assessment of Creative Communication in Learning Disabled Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Techniques are proposed for informally assessing oral communication skills in learning disabled adolescents. A feedback sheet uses direct observation by the teacher while the self-rating scale uses an indirect form of observation by the student. Theoretical premises of the two measures are noted. The Communication Feedback Sheet is designed to…

Schultze, Betty R.; Flaton, Rebecca L.

260

Special Education for the Learning Disabled in Chile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper focuses on the growth and development of special education for learning disabled children in Chile with particular emphasis on the contribution of child psychiatry and pediatric neurology departments of hospitals and the contribution of universities in training specialists. Initial sections provide a background on primary education in…

Bravo-Valdivieso, Luis

261

Phonological Awareness Instruction for Middle School Students with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Forty middle school students with learning disabilities identified as having phonological awareness deficits were provided with phonological awareness instruction to investigate the effectiveness of the instruction on phonological awareness and word recognition skills. Results indicated that following instruction, students improved on word…

Bhat, Preetha; Griffin, Cynthia C.; Sindelar, Paul T.

2003-01-01

262

Revisiting Debates on Learning Disabilities in Adult Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the 1980s, educators in adult basic education and special education have speculated that a substantial if unknown percentage of adults have specific learning disabilities (LDs) and have sought to identify and address effectively the needs of these learners. Two rarely intersecting bodies of historical literature on LDs provide the background…

Belzer, Alisa; Ross-Gordon, Jovita

2011-01-01

263

Using Group Contingencies with Students with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses using a group contingency as a technique to increase appropriate behavior and decrease inappropriate behavior of students with learning disabilities who are either in regular classrooms or special classes. The advantages and disadvantages of three types of group contingencies (dependent group contingency, independent group…

Smith, Maureen A.; Misra, Anjali

1994-01-01

264

Investigating Elementary Mathematics Curricula: Focus on Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate three elementary mathematics curricula to examine the accessibility for students with learning disabilities (LD) with regards to challenges associated with working memory. We chose to focus on students' experiences when finding the area of composite shapes due to the multiple steps involved for…

Hord, Casey; Newton, Jill A.

2014-01-01

265

Mathematics for the Learning Disabled Child in the Regular Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assists teachers by helping them to recognize problems in mathematics that are often demonstrated by students with suspected or diagnosed learning disabilities. Also suggests remedial and compensatory techniques to help these teachers cope with such problems. Dyscalculia, hyperactivity, distractability, and perseveration are among the problems…

Sears, Carol J.

1986-01-01

266

Learning Disabilities: Theory, Assessment and Remediation. A Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The bibliography on learning disabilities emphasizes current, research-oriented literature in three areas--theory, diagnosis and assessment, and remediation. Entries are divided into the above major topic areas and listed alphabetically by author in books and periodicals sections under the following subtopics: general neurological-perceptual…

McMurray, J. G.

267

Dyscalculia: A unifying concept in understanding mathematics learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Individuals display a mathematics disability when their performance on standardized calculation tests or on numerical reasoning tasks is comparatively low, given their age, education and intellectual reasoning ability. Low performance due to cerebral trauma Is called acquired dyscalculia. Mathematical learning difficulties with similar features but without evidence of cerebral trauma are referred to as developmental dyscalculia. This review identifies types

John Munro

2003-01-01

268

The Gross Motor Skills of Children with Mild Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many international studies have examined the gross motor skills of children studying in special schools while local studies of such nature are limited. This study investigated the gross motor skills of children with Mild Learning Disabilities (MLD; n = 14, M age = 8.93 years, SD = 0.33) with the Test of Gross Motor Development-2 (TGMD-2, Ulrich,…

Nonis, Karen P.; Jernice, Tan Sing Yee

2014-01-01

269

Use of the Dichotic Listening Technique with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dichotic listening (DL) techniques have been used extensively as a non-invasive procedure to assess language lateralization among children with and without learning disabilities (LD), and with individuals who have other auditory system related brain disorders. Results of studies using DL have indicated that language is lateralized in children with…

Obrzut, John E.; Mahoney, Emery B.

2011-01-01

270

Learning Disabled Students' Performance on the Child Behavior Checklist  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research to date on the behavioral and emotional problems of learning disabled students has focused mainly on young boys. A majority of the studies in this area have been done by Michael Epstein (Epstein, Cullinan, & Rosemier, 1983; Epstein & Cullinan, 1984; Epstein, Cullinan, & Neiminen, 1984; Epstein, Bursack, & Cullinan, 1985; Epstein, Cullinan, & Lloyd, 1986). He used

DawnWright

1992-01-01

271

Written Expression: Assessment and Remediation for Learning Disabled Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The educational evaluation and remediation of written language disorders in learning disabled students are considered. It is suggested that a written language assessment should involve a thorough educational history and a complete psychoeducational evaluation. Attention is directed to written language assessment and remediation for handwriting,…

Bain, Ann M.

1982-01-01

272

Adult Language/Learning Disability: Issues and Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A language/learning disability (LLD) is a disorder that may affect the comprehension and use of spoken or written language as well as nonverbal language, such as eye contact and tone of speech in both adults and children. Most research, treatment, and support resources emphasize childhood LLD, but the problems do not disappear once a person has…

Comstock, Renee; Kamara, Carol A.

273

Resisting Having Learning Disabilities by Managing Relative Abilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research has shown that identities and the attributes from which identities are inferred are negotiated within social interaction and language. The identity of having learning disabilities is commonly associated with ascriptions of lesser abilities than other people, and in turn might be inferred from such abilities. This study examines…

McVittie, Chris; Goodall, Karen E.; McKinlay, Andy

2008-01-01

274

Teaching Road Signs and Traffic Laws to Learning Disabled Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eight learning disabled males (16 to 17 years old) participated in a driver education unit via a visual response system, allowing students greater response and feedback. After the conclusion of the unit, all Ss scored above the criterion established by the Digest of Ohio Motor Vehicle Laws. (CL)

Test, David W.; Heward, William L.

1983-01-01

275

Sexuality Education for Students with Specific Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the challenges of sexuality education for students with specific learning disabilities and reviews the content of a program designed to teach human sexuality to this population. The critical role of parents/families is discussed, a course outline is provided, and a list of possible resources is given. (Author/CR)

Carter, Jade K.

1999-01-01

276

Nonverbal Social Interaction Skills of Children with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many children with learning disabilities (LD) face problems in their nonverbal communication, which constitutes an important component of their social skills. This study explores the frequency of nonverbal initiations and responses of 36 children with LD and 36 children without LD matched for age and gender, who were observed for 40 min during the…

Agaliotis, Ioannis; Kalyva, Efrosini

2008-01-01

277

Rodin, Patton, Edison, Wilson, Einstein: Were They Really Learning Disabled?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The practice of posthumously diagnosing historical figures is discussed. Emphasis is on the unsatisfactory nature of evidence found for those diagnosed as learning-disabled or dyslexic and the possibility of other explanations for identified problems. Posthumous diagnoses of Auguste Rodin, George Patton, Thomas Edison, Woodrow Wilson, and Albert…

Adelman, Kimberly A.; Adelman, Howard S.

1987-01-01

278

The Learning Disability Phenomenon in Pursuit of Axioms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The social epistemologist studies the basic nature of knowledge and defines axioms as statements of absolute truths that are undeniable, inescapable, and devoid of most uncertainties (Machan, 1985). The accidental phenomenon of learning disabilities (LD) has pursued the scientific truths in axioms for 42 years. Writing facts and perceptions…

Healey, William C.

2005-01-01

279

An Additional Handicap: Visual Perceptual Learning Disabilities of Deaf Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper examines issues concerned with the incidence of visual perceptual learning disabilities among deaf and partially hearing children. Evidence indicating a high incidence (15.5 percent of 682 deaf students) of visual perceptual deficits is offered, as is a definition of visual perception. The impact of visual perceptual deficits on…

Ratner, Vivienne

280

Reading and Learning-Disabled Children: Understanding the Problem  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors assess the evidence related to various instructional styles for teaching reading to children with learning disabilities. Results of the literature review indicate that whole language and direct instruction are the two major approaches to teaching reading. Whole language has proven successful for many students with…

Martin, Don; Martin, Magy; Carvalho, Kathleen

2008-01-01

281

Transition and Students with Learning Disabilities: Creating Sound Futures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article on transition for students with learning disabilities (LD) reviews the transition concept from a life-span perspective and considers transition planning, including the role of the planning team, the importance of timing, and forces influencing transition programs. It then provides background information, themes, and highlights for…

Blalock, Ginger; Patton, James R.

1996-01-01

282

Will the Real Discrepant Learning Disability Please Stand Up?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article responds to a critique by Willson and Reynolds (2002) that argued for the use of the regression-based discrepancy method (RDM) for identifying learning disabilities. It argues the statistical and theoretical counterarguments are based on a misreading of the statistical models presented. (Contains 8 references.) (Author/CR)

Van den Broeck, Wim

2002-01-01

283

Nonverbal Learning Disability Explained: The Link to Shunted Hydrocephalus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A nonverbal learning disability is believed to be caused by damage, disorder or destruction of neuronal white matter in the brain's right hemisphere and may be seen in persons experiencing a wide range of neurological diseases such as hydrocephalus and other types of brain injury (Harnadek & Rourke 1994). This article probes the relationship…

Rissman, Barbara

2011-01-01

284

Learning Disabilities: A Reply to Christensen et al.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is argued that Christensen and others fail in their claim that learning disabilities are merely an excuse invented by schools to explain their instructional failures. Specific instances of error are discussed. A reply by Gerber and Christensen follows this article. (MT)

Gotz, Ignacio L.

1987-01-01

285

Social Skills Interventions for Individuals with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social skill deficits have become a defining characteristic of students with specific learning disability (SLD). Attempts have been made to enhance social functioning through structured training approaches. The effectiveness of these efforts was evaluated in a quantitative research synthesis (meta-analysis), which revealed a "small" effect with…

Kavale, Kenneth A.; Mostert, Mark P.

2004-01-01

286

Social Skill Deficits and Learning Disabilities: A Meta-Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This meta-analysis examined 152 studies on social skill deficits among students with learning disabilities (LD). Quantitative synthesis showed that about 75% of students with LD manifest social skill deficits that distinguish them from comparison samples. Approximately the same level of group differentiation was found across different raters…

Kavale, Kenneth A.; Forness, Steven R.

1996-01-01

287

Teaching social perceptual skills to students with learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated the effects of descriptive feedback and reinforcement on the acquisition and exhibition of social perceptual skills in three students with identified learning disabilities and social perceptual deficits. The students rated their teacher's affect based on six emotions, and received feedback regarding the accuracy of their ratings plus reinforcement for accurate ratings. Descriptive feedback and reinforcement resulted in a

Andrew B. Sandier; Jane Y. Murdock; Elizabeth Dofny; Paul J. Gerber

1991-01-01

288

Social Competence, Transition Plans and Children with Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social competence is the ability to use the appropriate social skills in every aspect of life. For children with learning disabilities, it is a difficult skill to master. These children have trouble with communicating, following directions, listening and completing a task, which can cause problems in the classroom and in adulthood. Yet, these skills are rarely addressed on the individual

Erica Ruegg

289

SAT Vocabulary Instruction for High School Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A teacher wanted to know whether mnemonic strategies would be useful for high school students with learning disabilities. Over a 6-week period, this teacher taught the students SAT vocabulary words using either a traditional instructional approach or pictorial mnemonic keyword strategies she had developed. At the end of the instructional period,…

Terrill, M.C.; Scruggs, T.E.; Mastropieri, M.A.

2004-01-01

290

Individualized Transition Planning for Students with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A lack of effective transition planning for students with learning disabilities may result in inadequate postsecondary adjustment problems (i.e., under- or unemployment). To ensure more positive outcomes, transition planning must begin in the elementary grades, be built on theory-based assessment, and focus on academic and counseling activities…

Cummings, Rhoda; Maddux, Cleborne D.; Casey, Jack

2000-01-01

291

Supervising Employees with Learning Disabilities. Revised Edition. Guidelines.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual presents guidelines for supervisors of employees with learning disabilities. Guidelines were developed from both the author's supervisory experience and from a research study surveying employers to identify support systems and techniques to enable supervisors to work more effectively with these employees. The survey, which included 65…

Reisman, Elaine S.

292

Restructuring of Mainstream Sociometry with Learning Disabled and Nonhandicapped Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of the sociometric ratings and status of 50 elementary school students with learning disabilities and 50 nonhandicapped elementary school students (in matched pairs) indicated that the pairs did not differ significantly in assigned status to their peers but did differ significantly in acceptance and rejection received from their shared…

Sabornie, Edward J.; And Others

1990-01-01

293

The Adult Learning Disabled Employee: The Organization's Hidden Human Resource.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes an experiment with background material designed to promote problem (learning disabled) employees as human resources rather than rejects. The material is presented in the form of the transcript of a fictional advisory committee meeting attended by the human resources manager, assistant corporate counsel, training director, line…

Macomber, Janet A.

294

Learning Disabilities in Adulthood: Persisting Problems and Evolving Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides a multifaceted view of learning disabilities in adulthood through the efforts of many contributors who offer a diversity of perceptions and expertise. The focus spans from young to late adulthood and reflects state-of-the-art knowledge and the best practices of the field. The topic areas are clustered into psychological,…

Gerber, Paul J., Ed.; Reiff, Henry B., Ed.

295

Assessment of English Language Learners with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifying English language learners (ELLs) with learning disabilities has become very important in education settings so that appropriate educational services can be provided to this group of students. Linguistic diversity may increase the measurement error and reduce the reliability of assessments. This article discusses the issues with…

Chu, Szu-Yin; Flores, Sobeida

2011-01-01

296

Cognitive and Emotional Factors in Children with Mathematical Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emotional and cognitive factors were examined in 18 children with mathematical learning disabilities (MLD), compared with 18 normally achieving children, matched for chronological age, school level, gender and verbal IQ. Working memory, short-term memory, inhibitory processes, speed of processing and level of anxiety in mathematics were assessed…

Passolunghi, Maria Chiara

2011-01-01

297

Effectiveness of Dysphagia Training for Adult Learning Disabilities Support Workers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effectiveness of a 1-day dysphagia training package delivered to support workers who work with adults with a learning disability. Thirty-eight support staff took part in this study. Twenty-five support staff received training, and 13 did not receive training and therefore acted as a control group. Three questionnaires…

Tredinnick, Gerlind; Cocks, Naomi

2014-01-01

298

Services for Learning Disabled Adults in California's Community Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the 1980's, a series of studies have been conducted to examine assessment strategies, teaching methodologies, core services, and delivery systems for Learning Disabled Average (LDA) adults in California's community colleges. Study findings included the following: (1) between 1981-82 and 1985-86, the number of formal programs for LDA adults…

Ostertag, Bruce A.; And Others

299

Modifications for Students with Learning Disabilities in Inclusive Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents communication tools that general and special education teachers can use as they collaboratively plan for instruction and modifications for students with learning disabilities in inclusive settings. The first two tools are planning forms that describe the student as a learner; the third tool is a classroom information form…

Hogan, Therese

2005-01-01

300

Psychoeducational Diagnostic Services for Learning Disabled Youths. Research Procedures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A detailed explicit definition of learning disability (LD) is presented in terms of the diagnostic procedures and decision points used in identifying that category among a group of juvenile delinquent and control group adolescent males. The described procedures include a review of existing records, interviews, and diagnostic assessments.…

Barrows, Thomas S.; And Others

301

Procedures Document for Psychoeducational Diagnostic Services for Learning Disabled Youths.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The listed procedures are intended to provide guidance for the implementation of a study of learning disability among 12-15 year old adjudicated delinquent boys and non-adjudicated public school boys of the same age, and to support interpretation of study data and replication of the study's procedures. This task can best be considered in several…

Barrows, Thomas S.; And Others

302

Relevance of Resilience to Individuals with Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research and descriptive literature are reviewed documenting qualities of resilience, emphasising those with particular relevance in individuals with learning disabilities (LD). After highlighting the importance of resilience to the development of success and self?concept in individuals with LD, the lack of agreement in defining or describing resilience is noted. Risk factors which may bring about a lack of resilience are

Maurice Miller

1996-01-01

303

Personality Patterns of Successful and Unsuccessful Adults with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adults (N=86) with learning disabilities completed the Personality Pattern Inventory, an employment history, and an interview. Verbal intelligence quotient was found to be the best predictor of employment success or lack of success. The incidence of reactor, persister, and workaholic personality types differed between subjects and a population of…

Faas, Larry A.; And Others

1990-01-01

304

Technology for Students with Learning Disabilities: Educational Applications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of 12 papers addresses the application of various technologies to the education of students with learning disabilities. Also included is a CD-ROM version of the original text, which provides enhancements through digital editing such as hypertext and hypermedia links. The papers included are: (1) "Special Education Technology:…

Higgins, Kyle, Ed.; Boone, Randall, Ed.

305

Comparison of Ecological Validity of Learning Disabilities Diagnostic Models  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to examine models designed for the determination of a learning disability and compare them to specific criteria to determine whether the given diagnostic process is ecological in nature. The traditional child-centered deficit model (CCD), Relative Achievement Discrepancy model (RAD), and Responsiveness to…

Dean, Vincent J.; Burns, Matthew K.; Grialou, Tina; Varro, Patrick J.

2006-01-01

306

Social Stereotyping in Children with Learning Disabilities: Myth or Reality?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Actual and perceived social relations and teacher ratings of social competence in 20 learning disabled (LD) and 20 nonLD children (mean age 11 years) were investigated. A sociometric group included 200 nonLD children in classrooms attended by both groups. Children completed sociometric and social network questionnaires along with the Perceived…

Hoyle, Sally G.; Serafica, Felicisima C.

307

The Development of Learning Disabled Children's Self-Perceptions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examined the manner in which self perceptions of learning disabled (LD) children (1) develop in relation to growing social awareness and (2) differ among groups of LD students who are segregated from normally achieving students for varying amounts of their instructional time. Eighty-seven children (in grades 3 though 8) had been placed…

Renick, Mari Jo

308

Current Best Practices in Learning Disabilities in Israel  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We present an analysis of the current state of practice in the diagnosis and treatment of learning disabilities (LD) in Israel. Through an examination of the cultural, historical, and demographic background of the country ("deep structures"), we show how a fragmented society has developed; it segregates different ethnicities and social groups and…

Gumpel, Thomas P.; Sharoni, Varda

2007-01-01

309

Teaching Mathematics to Students with Learning Disabilities. Fourth Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This text explores teaching techniques and adaptations that have proven effective in teaching mathematics concepts and skills to students with learning disabilities. This fourth edition, consistent with the standards developed by the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, 2000, continues to emphasize problem solving, number sense, student…

Bley, Nancy S.; Thornton, Carol A.

310

Attributional Style of Children with and without Specific Learning Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: The literature highlights that pupils with Specific Learning Disability (SLD) often reveal a poor meta-cognitive system, with low levels of attribution to internal factors like diligence and personal skill, and high levels of attribution to external factors like ease of task, luck or help from others. Methods: This study aims to…

Pasta, Tiziana; Mendola, Manuela; Longobardi, Claudio; Prino, Laura Elvira; Gastaldi, Francesca Giovanna Maria

2013-01-01

311

Selecting Software for Students with Learning and Other Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Have you ever bought a computer program that you thought would be great for your struggling students, only to find that it did not work on your school computers, or that your students found it difficult to use? Selecting science software for students with learning and other disabilities can be a challenge. This Idea Bank provides a list of…

Marino, Matthew T.; Tsurusaki, Blakely K.; Basham, James D.

2011-01-01

312

The Uses of Hypnotherapy with Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explored the impact of group hypnotic and self-hypnotic training on the academic performance and self-esteem of learning disabled (LD) children. Important predictors of self-esteem improvement were the child's hypnotic susceptibility score and self-hypnotic practice by children and parents. Hypnotherapy is of potential benefit to self-esteem…

Johnson, Lynn S.; And Others

1981-01-01

313

Toward Objectivity in Diagnosing Learning Disabilities: Refinement of Established Procedures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Variability in diagnostic procedures and a lack of valid and reliable measures led to the development of a comprehensive battery, which incorporated an operational definition of learning disabilities. The battery consisted of forms for observing these functions: intelligence, academic achievement, gross and fine motor control, visual perception,…

Goodman, Marvin; Mina, Elias

314

For the Learning Disabled, a Team Approach to College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a privately operated residential program called College Living Experience, a for-profit company, caters to a growing number of students with learning disabilities, Asperger's syndrome, and various emotional or behavioral disorders. The program has a team of full-time staff members helping students with their social and…

Lipka, Sara

2006-01-01

315

Advances in Learning and Behavioral Disabilities. Volume 9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Advances in learning and behavioral disabilities are considered in this 10-chapter volume. Contents include: "Developmental Language Disorders and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder" (Cynthia A. Riccio and George W. Hynd); "Self-Regulated Strategy Development: A Theoretical and Practical Perspective" (Lisa P. Case et al.); "Mapping the…

Scruggs, Thomas E., Ed.; Mastropieri, Margo A., Ed.

316

Discrepancy Dinosaurs and the Evolution of Specific Learning Disability Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifying Specific Learning Disability (SLD) has been an arduous task. Until IDEA 2004, diagnosing SLD was limited to IQ discrepancy models lacking in both empirical evidence and contributing to minority over-representation. This paper examines the history of SLD assessment, the phenomena of minority over-representation, and the implementation…

Moores-Abdool, Whitney; Unzueta, Caridad H.; Vazquez Donet, Dolores; Bijlsma, Eduard

2008-01-01

317

Modes of Imprinted Gene Action in Learning Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: It is now widely acknowledged that there may be a genetic contribution to learning disability and neuropsychiatric disorders, stemming from evidence provided by family, twin and adoption studies, and from explicit syndromic conditions. Recently it has been recognized that in some cases the presentation of genetic syndromes (or discrete…

Isles, A. R.; Humby, T.

2006-01-01

318

Working with Learning Disabled Writers: Some Perspectives. Research to Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although most learning disabled (LD) adult learners have a strong desire to enhance their writing skills, many obstacles hinder their success. Characteristics of LD students found in their writing or actions include the following: frustration; poor study/note taking skills; test anxiety; lack of social skills; a difficult time following oral…

Bardine, Bryan

319

Critical Issues in the Instruction of the Learning Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addresses issues and trends relevant to the instruction of the learning disabled (LD). In this review, attempts to remediate LD are examined according to the adequacy of the theoretical context that guides the instruction and the efficacy and validity of the remediation procedures. Reviews selected studies representative of medical,…

Lyon, G. Reid; Moats, Louisa Cook

1988-01-01

320

Designing a Program for the Learning Disabled Adolescent.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several delivery models for learning disabled (LD) secondary school students are described, including the resource room model (with special curriculum or tutoring support) self-contained classes, (with special or standard curriculum) the consultation model, and the work-study model. Factors (such as administrative practices) which influence the…

Zigmond, Naomi; Sansone, Janet

1986-01-01

321

Enhancing Spelling Performance in Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study, using a single subject adapted alternating treatments design, compared the effects of two spelling strategies (cover, copy, compare, and copy-only) used to enhance spelling performance in 2, third-grade students with learning disabilities. The cover, copy compare (CCC) method required the students to say the word, point to the…

Nies, Keith A.; Belfiore, Phillip J.

2006-01-01

322

Enhancing Spelling Performance in Students with Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study, using a single subject adapted alternating treatments design, compared the effects of two spelling strategies (cover, copy, compare, and copy-only) used to enhance spelling performance in 2, third-grade students with learning disabilities. The cover, copy compare (CCC) method required the students to say the word, point to the word, repeat the word, cover the word, print the

Keith A. Nies; Phillip J. Belfiore

2006-01-01

323

A study to define: profound and multiple learning disabilities (PMLD)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aimed to define the term ‘profound and multiple learning disabilities’ (PMLD). A shared understanding of terminology or diagnostic terms describing groups of individuals is important for the purposes of strategic development, service planning, and the provision and equity of service delivery. A literature review provided different definitions and meanings associated with the term. The meaning attributed to the

Gary Bellamy; Liz Croot; Alick Bush; Hilary Berry; Antoin Smith

2010-01-01

324

A Narrative Approach to Supporting Students Diagnosed with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students diagnosed with learning disabilities experience many challenges that school counselors may address through narrative therapy. Narrative therapy is a postmodern, social constructionist approach based on the theoretical construct that individuals create their notions of truth and meaning of life through interpretive stories. This article…

Lambie, Glenn W.; Milsom, Amy

2010-01-01

325

Figural and Verbal Creativity in Learning Disabled and Nondisabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning disabled (LD) and nondisabled (ND) students (N=128) at four grade levels (1, 3, 5, and 7) were compared on 10 measures of figural and verbal creativity. Originality was greater for the LD children at all grade levels, while elaboration was greater for the ND children at all grade levels. (Author/PHR)

And Others; Tarver, Sara G.

1980-01-01

326

Pre-Kindergarten Prescriptive Teaching Program for Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is the pre-kindergarten prescriptive teaching program for learning disabled children including inventories and six instructional components: language arts, mathematics, science, health, motor skill development, and social experiences. Components consist of sequenced skills (identified as essential by kindergarten and first grade…

Fargo Public Schools, ND.

327

Variability of Performance: A "Signature" Characteristic of Learning Disabled Children?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two studies were conducted to compare the performance instability of children (grades 3-9) labeled learning disabled/brain injured (LD/BI) to the performance instability of emotionally handicapped (EH) children. In the first study, 50 LD/BI and 37 EH students were measured on three third grade reading passages twice, once within one sitting and…

Fuchs, Douglas; And Others

328

Utility of Course Web Resources for Students with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes an approach to meeting the needs of college students with learning disabilities which utilizes Internet resources in an undergraduate introductory psychology course. The course's Web resources were designed to integrate the lecture component of the course with the accompanying textbook resources. These resources included…

Slem, Charles M.; Kane, Steven T.

329

Central Park: A Humanities Curriculum for Children with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual reflects the highlights of an urban park study developed and tested over a 6-year period at the Churchill School, an elementary school for children with learning disabilities. This book makes possible an integrated study that develops understandings in natural science and the social studies along with reading, writing, and language…

Wurtzel, Claire

330

Management of Communication Needs in People with Learning Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book for speech and language therapists explains interventions for increasing the communication skills of adolescents and adults who have learning disabilities or mild mental retardation. The book provides a British perspective, noting how speech language therapy can contribute to educational requirements such as the British National…

Abudarham, Samuel, Ed.; Hurd, Angela, Ed.

331

Academic Success Strategies for Adolescents with Learning Disabilities and ADHD.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents the "active learner" instructional approach to working with secondary school students with learning disabilities and/or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. This approach combines the diagnostic prescriptive approach with principles of individualization, direct instruction, strategy instruction, and integration of…

Minskoff, Esther; Allsopp, David

332

A Front Row Seat: A Phenomenological Investigation of Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on prior research and theory, we propose a conceptual definition of instructional communication that is holistic, transactional, expansive, and assessable. Second, we extend instructional communication research to test this definition by engaging students with learning disabilities (SWLDs) in interviews and focus groups, employing a phenomenological methodology. Specifically, 21 college SWLDs reflected on their lived experience and shared their perceptions

Myrna M. Cornett-Devito; David W. Worley

2005-01-01

333

A Front Row Seat: A Phenomenological Investigation of Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on prior research and theory, we propose a conceptual definition of instructional communication that is holistic, transactional, expansive, and assessable. Second, we extend instructional communication research to test this definition by engaging students with learning disabilities (SWLDs) in interviews and focus groups, employing a…

Cornett-Devito, Myrna M.; Worley, David W.

2005-01-01

334

The Learning Disabled Adolescent: A Curriculum for Written Expression.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article describes a secondary-level curriculum for written expression based on a linguistic model. Directed toward learning disabled adolescents, the method teaches sentence and paragraph construction based on verbal and written models presented by the teacher. Writing good sentences, paragraphs, and essays is presented as a logical extension…

Waldron, Karen A.

1987-01-01

335

Teaching Techniques for the Learning Disabled/Gifted Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through a review of the literature, recent research, and implementation results, this article explores teaching methods for use with gifted students with learning disabilities. Methods for application in regular and special classrooms are discussed, including establishment of relationships between home and school life, individualized intervention…

Waldron, Karen A.

1991-01-01

336

Specific Learning Disabilities and the Portuguese Educational System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the Portuguese educational system advocates the accommodation of all students in regular schools, it has not adopted a coherent discourse that would contribute to meeting effectively the needs of students with specific learning disabilities (SLD). As such, the successive reorganizations of special education have resulted in uninformed…

Correia, Luis de Miranda; Martins, Ana Paula Loucao

2007-01-01

337

An Exploration of Community Learning Disability Nurses' Therapeutic Role  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This literature review and primary qualitative research explores therapeutic role from the perspective of Community Learning Disability Nurses. Semi-structured interviews, based on Critical Incident Technique ("Psychol Bull", 51, 1954, 327), and descriptive phenomenological methodology were adopted to elicit data amenable to systematic content…

Marsham, Marian

2012-01-01

338

Problem-Based Learning Software for Students With Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

When students are engaged in learning environments that allow for the practice of problem-solving skills, they are able to connect the classroom to the real world. Students with disabilities need to develop the skills of problem solving, and they need to know how to identify a problem, find the answer, and evaluate their choice. This article discusses the use of

Debra Cote

2007-01-01

339

Nutrition and Language-Learning Development in Preschool Programs for Children with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The nutritional program used at the Pediatric Language Laboratory--a day care center for preschool children with language-learning disabilities is discussed. Some "do's" and "don'ts" regarding appropriate nutrition are presented. (Author)

Adler, Sol

1982-01-01

340

A comparison of learning disabled school dropouts and learning disabled nondropouts on their perceptions of social alienation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Perceptions of social alienation from both teachers and classmates were compared between a sample of 20 learning disabled (LD) high school completers and 17 LD school dropouts. Both LD samples were obtained using extensive eligibility criteria to minimize excessive heterogeneity of subject variance, and to partially control for some already well established correlates of school dropout. Perceptions of social alienation

John Frederick Seidel

1988-01-01

341

Learning Disabilities: A National Responsibility. Summit on Learning Disabilities (Washington, D.C., September 20-21, 1994). [Videotapes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four videocassettes provide the presentations and discussion of four panels from a 1994 summit on the nation's responsibility in relation to individuals with learning disabilities. Each panel examined issues of research, public policy and legislation, good practices, and consumer interest within its area of concentration. The first panel was on…

National Center for Learning Disabilities, Inc., New York, NY.

342

Learning Disabilities - Emotionally Disturbed: A Survey of Learning Disabilities, Public School Program in Virginia - Comparison of Program for Emotionally Disturbed.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey was conducted of Virginia public school programs during 1970-71 for children with either learning disabilities (LD) or emotional disturbances (ED). Six survey questions covered demographic information, nature of children served, actual function of teachers' roles, referral and placement procedures, and administrative planning and…

Westhead, E. C.; And Others

343

Social sensitivity in adolescents and adults with learning disabilities.  

PubMed

This study investigated social sensitivity and self-concept in students with learning disabilities (LD) and their non-learning-disabled (non-LD) peers. Thirty students each from public junior and senior high schools and a community college participated in the study; at each grade level, half were identified as learning disabled and half experienced no learning problem. Students were individually assessed in 30-minute interviews for their accuracy in interpreting the thoughts and feelings of actors in tape-recorded stories depicting two adults in happy angry, anxious, and sad interactions. A questionnaire assessing four dimensions of self-concept in learning situations (motivation, task orientation, problem-solving ability, and class membership) was also administered. LD students at all grade levels were significantly less accurate at interpreting social situations than were their non-LD peers, and had significantly lower self-concepts. These results support the need for remediation efforts specifically aimed at social skills for overcoming social deficits in adulthood. PMID:1471573

Jarvis, P A; Justice, E M

1992-01-01

344

A framework for commissioning services for people with learning disabilities.  

PubMed

The needs of people who have global developmental learning disabilities (mental handicap) are complex and lifelong. Unless social and health service commissioners agree a framework for conceptualizing their need, there is a danger that services could become fragmented. This paper uses the World Health Organization's model of disabilities to put in context these needs. Using this model it is logical for health services to focus on (1) ensuring access to the full range of primary and secondary health services, (2) reducing the occurrence and severity of intellectual and associated impairments and (3) ensuring the provision of assessment and treatment of behaviour disorders and associated mental health problems. Some of these inputs are required before birth and in early childhood, but a number of people will require health services throughout life because of the presence of other disabilities or continuing behaviour and/or mental health problems. At school age, the education authority should provide the lead in ensuring the best physical and social learning environment. All children with learning disabilities will be socially disadvantaged in adulthood unless they are provided with opportunities for social integration, continuing education, skills training, employment and normal living facilities which meet their needs. Although there appears a logical shift in agencies' responsibilities as children with intellectual impairment progress through life, there is considerable diversity within this group and care can only be effectively provided on the basis of a sophisticated assessment of individual need and provision of integrated care. PMID:7999378

Goh, S; Holland, A J

1994-09-01

345

Learning disability subtypes: classification of high functioning hyperlexia.  

PubMed

This study examined 30 children with hyperlexic reading patterns and average intelligence to determine if established learning disability subtypes could be applied to these children with hyperlexia. Two groups emerged. One type showed language learning disorder patterns with good visual memory. This group also showed a high percentage of phonetic word errors. A second hyperlexic group showed signs of nonverbal learning disorder with visual spatial deficits and impaired visual memory. This latter subgroup showed few phonetic errors with more sight word errors. These findings suggest subtypes of high functioning hyperlexia, one showing language deficits characteristic of dysphasia and one showing patterns similar to visual spatial dyslexia. PMID:12174811

Richman, Lynn C; Wood, Kevin M

2002-07-01

346

The Learning-to-Learn Strategies of Adolescent Students with Disabilities: Highlighting, Note Taking, Planning, and Writing Expository Texts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focuses on an examination of the learning-to-learn strategies of seventh-grade students as they highlight, take notes, plan, organize, and write expository texts. Participants consist of 125 students, 41 with disabilities and 84 without disabilities. The results reveal that the students with disabilities have more difficulties in using…

Englert, Carol Sue; Mariage, Troy V.; Okolo, Cynthia M.; Shankland, Rebecca K.; Moxley, Kathleen D.; Courtad, Carrie Anna; Jocks-Meier, Barbara S.; O'Brien, J. Christian; Martin, Nicole M.; Chen, Hsin-Yuan

2009-01-01

347

The Relative Effects of University Success Courses and Individualized Interventions for Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little is known about the relative effects of post-secondary learning services for students with learning disabilities. We compared outcomes for students with learning disabilities who selected to: (1) take an academic learning success course (course-intervention), (2) have regular individual interventions (high-intervention) or (3) use services…

Reed, Maureen J.; Kennett, Deborah J.; Lewis, Tanya; Lund-Lucas, Eunice; Stallberg, Carolyn; Newbold, Inez L.

2009-01-01

348

Early Indicators of Learning Disabilities Using the Brigance K & 1 Screen for Kindergarten and First Grade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine if there were differences between learning disabled and nonlearning disabled students in skill areas and total scores on the Brigance K & 1 Screen for Kindergarten and First Grade. The study investigated whether students with learning disabilities would show significant weaknesses in language-based skill…

Trout, Ann

349

But It's Not All about the Sex: Mothering, Normalisation and Young Learning Disabled People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is about mothering, young learning disabled people, their sexualised and relationship lives and normalisation--not through the lens of the disabled person, but via a mothers perspective and theoretical discussion. As a mother who has a learning disabled daughter, a feminist and an academic my own mothering experience, my Ph.D. research…

Rogers, Chrissie

2010-01-01

350

Right Hemispheric Dysfunction in Nonverbal Learning Disabilities: Social, Academic, and Adaptive Functioning in Adults and Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review addresses recent research on social and nonverbal learning disabilities. Involvement of right hemispheric dysfunction in these disabilities has been hypothesized, as studies with adults have suggested that documented right hemisphere damage may lead to deficits in social skills, prosody, spatial orientation, problem solving, and recognition of nonverbal cues. Studies of children purported to evidence nonverbal learning disabilities are

Margaret Semrud-Clikeman; George W. Hynd

1990-01-01

351

Inclusive Postsecondary Strategies for Teaching Students with Learning Disabilities: A Review of the Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One out of every 11 postsecondary undergraduates report having a disability, and students with learning disabilities are the largest and fastest growing subgroup of this population. Although faculty are becoming more comfortable with providing students with learning disabilities accommodations as mandated by federal law, many instructors are using…

Orr, Ann C.; Hammig, Sara Bachman

2009-01-01

352

Some issues surrounding the assessment of individuals with profound and multiple learning disabilities: a case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the practical issues of conducting an assessment with a client with severe learning disabilities, as well as physical disabilities. The process of assessment is considered with particular reference to people with profound and multiple learning disabilities; this discussion is located within a case study of a young woman with complex needs. Existing frameworks are explored, and it

D. L. Hughes

1997-01-01

353

Today's Policy Contexts for Special Education and Students with Specific Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the author's address on the 2008 International Conference of the Council for Learning Disabilities in Kansas City, Missouri. In this keynote address, the author focuses on the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), and students with specific learning disabilities (SLD), and…

Turnbull, H. Rutherford, III

2009-01-01

354

A reconceptualization of learning disabilities via a self-organizing systems paradigm.  

PubMed

A dilemma exists regarding the interpretation of learning disabilities. A self-organizing systems (SOS) paradigm suggests widespread, diffuse outcomes, whereas a specific learning disability concept suggests more localized dysfunction. There may be very good reason to doubt the veridicality of the concept of a specific learning disability, not because the construct of learning disabilities itself is a frivolous concept, as some have held, but because the biological or neurological events that underlie a learning disability do not remain focal and constrained only to specific dysfunction. It is important to know whether an identified learning disability remains contained or whether processing disorders might be found in other areas. The assessment profiles of school-age children identified with nonverbal learning disabilities (NLD), assumed to have primarily right-hemispheric brain dysfunctions, and children with language-based learning disabilities (LLD), assumed to have primarily left-hemispheric brain dysfunctions, were examined to explore learning disabilities using an SOS paradigm. The pilot study reported here is used as an exemplar of how a self-organizing systems paradigm is conceptualized. Although a more comprehensive study is needed to confirm the data, this exemplar suggests that overflow into areas not typically associated with each disability subtype may occur. Concerns regarding ways of determining discrepancy for diagnostic purposes are noted, and remediation strategies designed for specific disabilities are questioned. PMID:15497274

Zera, D A

2001-01-01

355

The Orthopedically Disabled Child: Psychological Implications with an Individual Basis. July 1984 Revision.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes the implications of the Individual Psychology of Alfred Adler and field theory associated with Kurt Lewin in understanding orthopedically disabled children and points out that orthopedically disabled youngsters have a remarkable range of individual differences both in type of disability as well as level of adjustment.…

Sigmon, Scott B.

356

Molecular and Cellular Mechanisms of Learning Disabilities: A Focus on NF1  

PubMed Central

Neurofibromatosis Type I (NF1) is a single-gene disorder characterized by a high incidence of complex cognitive symptoms, including learning disabilities, attention deficit disorder, executive function deficits, and motor coordination problems. Since the underlying genetic cause of this disorder is known, study of NF1 from a molecular, cellular, and systems perspective has provided mechanistic insights into the etiology of higher-order cognitive symptoms associated with the disease. In particular, studies of animal models of NF1 indicated that disruption of Ras regulation of inhibitory networks is critical to the etiology of cognitive deficits associated with NF1. Animal models of Nf1 identified mechanisms and pathways that are required for cognition, and represent an important complement to the complex neuropsychological literature on learning disabilities associated with this condition. Here, we review findings from NF1 animal models and human populations affected by NF1, highlighting areas of potential translation and discussing the implications and limitations of generalizing findings from this single-gene disease to idiopathic learning disabilities.

Shilyansky, C.; Lee, Y.S.; Silva, A.J.

2011-01-01

357

Using Interactive Teaching and Learning Strategies to Promote Text Comprehension and Content Learning for Students with Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Interactive Teaching Project, described in this paper, was designed to test an instructional model designed to help students identified as learning disabled comprehend and learn content area concepts. Reported is a description of the theoretical rationale for the model, a description of the teaching and learning strategies used, and the effects of those strategies. The conclusions are based on

Candace S. Bos; Patricia L. Anders

1992-01-01

358

Adaptive Web-Assisted Learning System for Students with Specific Learning Disabilities: A Needs Analysis Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because there is, currently, no education system for primary school students in grades 1-3 who have specific learning disabilities in Turkey and because such students do not receive sufficient support from face-to-face counseling, a needs analysis was conducted in order to prepare an adaptive, web-assisted learning system according to variables…

Polat, Elif; Adiguzel, Tufan; Akgun, Ozcan Erkan

2012-01-01

359

Universal Design for Learning: Critical Need Areas for People with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary market research outlined in this paper was conducted by the Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center on Technology Transfer to identify critical technology needs for people with learning disabilities. Based on the research conducted, the underlying context of these technology needs is Universal Design for Learning (UDL). The paper…

Strobel, Wendy; Arthanat, Sajay; Bauer, Stephen; Flagg, Jennifer

2007-01-01

360

Mathematics Instruction for Students with Learning Disabilities or Difficulty Learning Mathematics: A Guide for Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide for teachers is a companion piece to the meta-analysis from the Center on Instruction, "Mathematics Instruction for Students with Learning Disabilities or Difficulty Learning Mathematics: A Synthesis of the Intervention Research". Based on the findings of this report, seven effective instructional practices were identified for teaching…

Jayanthi, Madhavi; Gersten, Russell; Baker, Scott

2008-01-01

361

Effects of the Learning Opportunities Task Force (LOTF) Programs on Postsecondary Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effects of participation in the Learning Opportunities Task Force (LOTF) programs on postsecondary students with learning disabilities (LDs). Data regarding 969 students from 6 colleges and 4 universities in Ontario were evaluated to investigate rates of academic success and increased self-awareness. Participants had a…

Harrison, Allyson G.; Areepattamannil, Shaljan; Freeman, John

2012-01-01

362

Computer-Mediated Intersensory Learning Model for Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article proposes a computer-mediated intersensory learning model as an alternative to traditional instructional approaches for students with learning disabilities (LDs) in the inclusive classroom. Predominant practices of classroom inclusion today reflect the six principles of zero reject, nondiscriminatory evaluation, appropriate education,…

Seok, Soonhwa; DaCosta, Boaventura; Kinsell, Carolyn; Poggio, John C.; Meyen, Edward L.

2010-01-01

363

SMARTER Teaching: Developing Accommodations To Reduce Cognitive Barriers to Learning for Individuals with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper argues that successful programs for students with learning disabilities provide ongoing, intensive, explicit, and direct instruction in learning strategies that enable students to become independent learners. It then describes SMARTER teaching, a method developed to help teachers shift their approaches to teaching to make them more…

Lenz, B. Keith; Scanlon, David

364

Music for Children with Reading Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described is a music program for students with reading learning disabilites. It is explained that the program was designed to teach fundamental music skills, to teach visual/motor and auditory skills through music activities, and to evaluate the effect of music skill development on language reading skills. The daily routine of music exercises,…

Moyer, Betsy G.

365

Kindergarten Predictors of Math Learning Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the present study was to address how to effectively predict mathematics learning dis- ability (MLD). Specifically, we addressed whether cognitive data obtained during kindergarten can effectively predict which children will have MLD in third grade, whether an abbreviated test battery could be as effective as a standard psychoeducational assessment at predicting MLD, and whether the abbreviated battery

Michele M. M. Mazzocco; Richard E. Thompson

2005-01-01

366

Competence-based education: learning disability nursing in Wales.  

PubMed

A new era of nursing education has begun in Wales during 2012 based on new standards for pre-registration nursing education published by the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC). While the article focuses on pre-registration learning disability nursing education, the NMC standards can also be used for adult, mental health and children's nursing education. Partnership working across Wales has resulted in the development of nationally agreed common elements relating to students' ongoing record of achievement of practice competence, student selection and recruitment principles, a generic educational audit format and student evaluation. Details of the NMC standards are provided, with particular examples of their implementation in learning disability nursing education across Wales. PMID:23243819

Cassidy, Simon

367

Increasing health checks for people with learning disabilities.  

PubMed

People with learning disabilities can face significant barriers when accessing health services, and this contributes to poorer health and unmet needs. Evidence shows that annual health checks carried out in GP surgeries are a good way of detecting unmet health needs and result in targeted actions to meet these needs. However, even though a directed enhanced service (DES) is in place in England that requires primary care trusts to offer GPs the opportunity to carry out health checks, less than half of people eligible under the DES received a health check in 2009/10, and uptake was variable across the country. This article explores ways in which health checks can be increased, thus reducing health inequalities in people with learning disabilities. The article is based on the work of the Improving Health and Lives project. PMID:23256255

Turner, Susan

368

The Role of the Teacher in Identifying Learning Disabilities: A Study Using the McCarney "Learning Disability Evaluation Scale" (LDES)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to examine whether the Greek translation of the "Learning Disability Evaluation Scale" (LDES) can be used in the identification of learning disabilities. The LDES was completed by 165 teachers for one of their students, aged 5 to 14 years. The LDES was significantly correlated to students' grades in Math and Greek…

Souroulla, Andry Vrachimi; Panayiotou, Georgia; Kokkinos, Constantinos M.

2009-01-01

369

Managing specific learning disability in schools in India  

Microsoft Academic Search

Specific learning disability (dyslexia, dysgraphia, and dyscalculia) afflicts 5–15% of school-going children. Over the last\\u000a decade; awareness about this invisible handicap has grown in India. However, much needs to be done to ensure that each afflicted\\u000a child gets an opportunity to achieve his or her full academic potential in regular mainstream schools. In order to achieve\\u000a this ideal scenario, all

Sunil Karande; Rukhshana Sholapurwala; Madhuri Kulkarni

2011-01-01

370

An Evolutionary Perspective on Learning Disability in Mathematics  

Microsoft Academic Search

A distinction between potentially evolved, or biologically-primary forms of cognition, and the culturally-specific, or biologically-secondary forms of cognition that are built from primary systems is used to explore mathematical learning disability (MLD). Using this model, MLD could result from deficits in the brain and cognitive systems that support biologically-primary mathematical competencies, or from the brain and cognitive systems that support

David C. Geary

2007-01-01

371

Mental health, learning disabilities and adolescence: a developmental perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the prevalence of mental disorders in a community and clinic population of adolescents with learning disabilities in one catchment area (in the UK). A two stage cross-sectional survey was used. Measures included screening by parental report (Developmental Behaviour Checklist), adaptive behaviour (Vineland Survey Scale) and clinical interview (ICD 10 childhood disorders).Seventy-five adolescents aged 12-19 years old participated

Angela Hassiotis; Diana Barron

2007-01-01

372

Verbal Rehearsal Strategies and Metamemory in Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effectiveness of three strategy training methods was compared with 15 learning disabled (LD) children of two age groups (9 to 10 and 11 to 12 years old) and 15 nonLD children in the same age group. The methods (practice, in which the Ss were to find the best way to remember; specific strategy method, in which the Ss used a specific cumulative…

Lines, Catherine; Keenan, Verne

373

Listening to the views of children with learning disabilities: an evaluation of a learning disability CAMHS service.  

PubMed

In line with Valuing People Now: A New Three-year Strategy for People With Learning Disabilities (Department of Health, 2009), this article details a service evaluation for a learning disability-child and adolescent mental health service (LD-CAMHS) in Chesterfield, North Derbyshire. The aim of the project was to produce a set of quality standards in order to ensure service users' needs are met. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with seven children between the ages of 11 and 17 years, with moderate to severe learning disabilities. Four themes were derived from a thematic analysis; the experience of the service, communication, impact of the work carried out, and difficulties encountered. It was recommended that staff working within the service should ensure communication is at a level appropriate for the client; offer a welcoming approach; provide an open approach; and offer a reasonable choice of location. This article provides suggestions for how other LD-CAMHS teams could use these standards for their own purposes. PMID:23257112

Boyden, Paul; Muniz, Michelle; Laxton-Kane, Martha

2013-03-01

374

Enhancing the Academic Skills of Adolescent Students with Learning Disabilities through Computer-Assisted Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted at the Cumberland Campus of Nova Scotia Community College to determine the effect of a computer-based learning system on the academic and personal growth of adolescents with learning disabilities. Eleven learning disabled students, with an average age of 16.1 years, and one observer were chosen to participate in an 8-week…

Wilson, Lex

375

Evaluation of the Benefits of Assistive Reading Software: Perceptions of High School Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using assistive reading software may be a cost-effective way to increase the opportunity for independent learning in students with learning disabilities. However, the effectiveness and perception of assistive reading software has seldom been explored in English-as-a-second language students with learning disabilities. This research was designed to…

Chiang, Hsin-Yu; Liu, Chien-Hsiou

2011-01-01

376

Disabilities and e-Learning Problems and Solutions: An Exploratory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored e-learning problems and solutions reported by 223 students with disabilities, 58 campus disability service providers, 28 professors, and 33 e-learning professionals from Canadian colleges and universities. All four groups indicated, via online questionnaires, problems with: accessibility of websites and course/learning

Fichten, Catherine S.; Ferraro, Vittoria; Asuncion, Jennison V.; Chwojka, Caroline; Barile, Maria; Nguyen, Mai N.; Klomp, Ryan; Wolforth, Joan

2009-01-01

377

Cooperative Group, Risk-Taking and Inclusion of Pupils with Learning Disabilities in Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this research was to study the impact of cooperative learning on changes in cooperative behaviours and acceptance amongst pupils with learning disabilities related to risk-taking. One hundred and sixty-eight French first year middle school pupils participated in this study. Thirty-six pupils with learning disabilities were mainstreamed…

Andre, Amael; Louvet, Benoit; Deneuve, Pascale

2013-01-01

378

Reading Interventions for Students with Learning Disabilities in the Upper Elementary Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For students with learning disabilities, the upper elementary grades may represent a unique opportunity to provide successful remediation for lessening a reading difficulty and preventing students with learning disabilities from falling behind in other content areas. This article discusses effective reading interventions for students with learning

Wanzek, Jeanne; Kent, Shawn C.

2012-01-01

379

Working Memory Functioning in Children with Learning Disabilities: Does Intelligence Make a Difference?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Children with learning disabilities are identified by their severe learning problems and their deficient school achievement. On the other hand, children with sub-average school achievement "and" sub-average intellectual development are thought to suffer from a general intellectual delay rather than from specific learning disabilities.…

Maehler, Claudia; Schuchardt, K.

2009-01-01

380

The Effects of an Intermediary Placement on Learning Disabled and Low-Achieving Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After a year of participation in an intermediary setting, the "Learning Laboratory," analyses of pre- and post-academic measures indicated that sixth- to eighth-grade learning disabled students demonstrated significant reading gains when compared with control students; ninth- to twelfth-grade learning disabled students did not demonstrate academic…

Waldron, Karen A.

1985-01-01

381

Racial Storylines and Implications for Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we theorize the relation between race and schooling and consider the implications for learning. While the body of research on culture and learning has come to define learning as an inherently cultural and social process, scholars have few theoretical tools to help us think about the role of race and racism in relation to students'…

Nasir, N. S.; Snyder, C. R.; Shah, N.; Ross, K. M.

2012-01-01

382

Neuropsychological test findings for normal, learning-disabled, and brain-damaged young adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discriminant function analysis of scores from the Halstead-Reitan Neuropsychological Test Battery and Trail-Making Test correctly classified 83% of normal, 63% of learning-disabled, and 80% of brain-damaged Ss (N?=?110). 36% of the learning-disabled Ss had an Impairment Index of .4 or greater. Results confirm the importance of generalized neuropsychological deficits for many instances of learning disabilities. (15 ref)

James P. ODonnell; Jerry Kurtz; Nerella V. Ramanaiah

1983-01-01

383

Acceptable and Controversial Approaches to Treating the Child With Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To assist the family doctor in providing guidance to parents of learning disabled children, a physician reviews pertinent literature, describes therapeutic techniques, and evaluates their effectiveness. (LH)

Silver, Larry B.

1975-01-01

384

A study to define: profound and multiple learning disabilities (PMLD).  

PubMed

This study aimed to define the term 'profound and multiple learning disabilities' (PMLD). A shared understanding of terminology or diagnostic terms describing groups of individuals is important for the purposes of strategic development, service planning, and the provision and equity of service delivery. A literature review provided different definitions and meanings associated with the term. The meaning attributed to the definitions was explored in focus groups and individual interviews (face to face and telephone) with service managers, commissioners, practitioners, frontline healthcare staff and family carers who provide services, support and care for people with PMLD. Further iterative discussions were held with a smaller group over the precise wording of the chosen definition to ensure there was a shared and common understanding. Personal characteristics for the purpose of this study are defined as diagnoses, disabilities, impairments, activity restrictions and other characteristics which represent a person with PMLD. PMID:21062858

Bellamy, Gary; Croot, Liz; Bush, Alick; Berry, Hilary; Smith, Antoin

2010-09-01

385

The effects of computer-assisted instruction on the mathematical problem-solving of students with learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students with learning disabilities have documented difficulties in solving mathematical word problems. Computer-assisted instruction (CAI) has been documented as an alternative instructional mode which has facilitated the performance of students with learning disabilities in various content areas. This study was intended to determine: (a) whether students with learning disabilities could benefit from a computer-assisted instructional tutorial program to learn math

Rwey-Lin Shiah; Margo Mastropieri; Thomas Scruggs; Barbara J. Mushinski Fulk

1994-01-01

386

Cognitive phenotype of mathematical learning disabilities: what can we learn from siblings?  

PubMed

The sensitivity of number sense as cognitive phenotype for mathematical learning disabilities (MLD) was assessed in siblings of children with MLD (n = 9) and age matched children without family members with MLD (n = 63). A number line estimation paradigm was used as a measure of children's early number sense. In line with the triple code model of Dehaene (1992), three different presentation formats were presented. The results of the study confirmed that number line estimation was related to early arithmetic achievement in kindergarten. In addition siblings were less proficient in number line placements compared to non-siblings, with a larger effect size for symbolic and especially number word estimation compared to the non-symbolic results. Siblings also differed from non-siblings on procedural and conceptual counting skills and logical thinking in kindergarten. Moreover MLD had a familial aggregation, since about three out of five sibling girls had clinical scores on an Early Numeracy Test in kindergarten, pointing to a risk to develop MLD themselves. Implications of the study to our understanding of MLD are discussed. PMID:23023299

Desoete, Annemie; Praet, Magda; Titeca, Daisy; Ceulemans, Annelies

2013-01-01

387

The Fairness of Report Card Grading Adaptations: What Do Students with and without Learning Disabilities Think?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of 15 high school students with learning disabilities and 257 typical students found no grading adaptation was viewed as fair by a majority of students without disabilities. Changing the grading scale and raising grades to reflect improvement were viewed as fair adaptations by the students with disabilities. (CR)

Bursuck, William D.; Munk, Dennis D.; Olson, Mary M.

1999-01-01

388

Disability and Development: The Role of Language and E-Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: In spite of extensive literature on disability studies, little has been done on disability and development, more so the role of language and learning technologies in all of this. The purpose of this paper therefore is to focus on the crucial role language plays in the inclusion or exclusion of people with disabilities in development and…

Mahama, Edward Salifu

2012-01-01

389

The Effects of Participation in Service-Learning on Adolescents with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveyed 13 special education teachers to examine effects of disabled adolescents' active participation in service learning. Found promising results for students with mild disabilities in attendance and academic skills and for adolescents with moderate to profound disabilities in socialization and relationships with nondisabled peers. (Author/NB)

Brill, Cathy L.

1994-01-01

390

An Evaluation of the Disabled Students Learning Project at Deakin University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project to adapt learning materials and provide support services for severely disabled persons 22-76 years old in Australia is described and evaluation data presented. Disabilities of the eight students included total blindness, severe physical disability, and partial deafness. Three courses were chosen for adaptation: "Images of…

Gough, J. Eric; McBeath, Clare

391

Navigating the Beyond-School Years: Employment and Success for Adults with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviews with 70 successful people with learning disabilities resulted in a model for successful employment. Elements include control, internal decision, adaptability, goal orientation, reframing, persistence, goodness of fit, learned creativity, proactivity, and social ecologies. (JOW)

Gerber, Paul J.

2002-01-01

392

Learning Disabilities: Glossary of Some Important Terms. ERIC Digest #E517.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This digest presents definitions of 30 important terms in the field of learning disabilities. They are: accommodations, assistive technology, attention deficit disorder, brain imaging techniques, brain injury, collaboration, developmental aphasia, direct instruction, dyscalculia, dysgraphia, dyslexia, dysnomia, dyspraxia, learned helplessness,…

Lokerson, Jean

393

Science, Technology, and the Learning Disabled: A Review of the Literature  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The lack of research studies that examine the use of technology as a tool to support the learning of science among the learning disabled is an important limitation of research in science teaching. This chapter focuses on the use of computer technology and has three objectives: (1) to summarize technology and science education research of the last decade as it relates to the learning disabled, (2) to identify potential computer technology tools that can be best used to support the learning of science by the learning disabled, and (3) to provide some recommendations for postsecondary science educators.

Marshall, Karen B.

2006-01-01

394

Using Learning-Strategies Instruction with Students Who Are Gifted and Learning Disabled  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Regardless of prevalence, students who are gifted and learning disabled do exist in America's public schools, and they have unique needs that must be met through our education system (Bees, 1998). Special education teachers, regular education teachers, and teachers of the gifted should be aware of the unique characteristics of students who are…

Bisland, Amy

2004-01-01

395

Learning to Read: Learning Disabled Post-Secondary Students Talk Back to Special Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reveals the findings of a participatory ethnography with post-secondary students enrolled in a large West Coast University in British Columbia who had previously been identified as "learning disabled" and thus, the "recipients" of special educational policy interventions. Instead of starting from the official meanings of the special…

Brown, Sheena

2009-01-01

396

A Comparison of the Educational Supports Needed and Provided for Undergraduate and Graduate Students with Learning Disabilities in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Disability laws such as the American with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 mandate equal access to academic programs, activities, and services for students with disabilities. Therefore, disability laws require that institutions of higher education offer students with learning disabilities (LD)…

Montoya, Aile

2009-01-01

397

Epilepsy and Learning Disabilities: Part 1--Diagnosing and Solving School Learning Disabilities in Epilepsy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a six part article intended to give parents the information and strategies they need to cope with their child with epilepsy who may have school learning problems. Epilepsy and seizures affect the classroom in unique ways that can make the learning experience especially challenging for some kids. Fortunately, much can be done to give the…

Mittan, Robert J.

2010-01-01

398

Responsive Services for People with Learning Disabilities from Minority Ethnic Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports the results of a postal questionnaire survey carried out to explore the responsiveness and appropriateness of services for people with learning disabilities from minority ethnic communities in the North West of England. Twenty-one learning disability service commissioners or service providers completed the questionnaire.…

Caton, Sue; Starling, Samantha; Burton, Mark; Azmi, Sabiha; Chapman, Melanie

2007-01-01

399

Post-High School Outcomes of High IQ Adults with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the long-term, post-high school outcomes of 80 adult-vocational-rehabilitation clients identified as having both high intellectual ability and learning disabilities. Subjects were generally functioning at levels consistent with their learning-disability deficits rather than at levels commensurate with their identified…

Holliday, Gregory A.; Koller, James R.; Thomas, Carol D.

1999-01-01

400

RTI Method Gets Boost in Spec. Ed.: Intervention Can Spot Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main federal special education law's promotion of a practice that can identify children with learning disabilities and give them early help has brought new attention to the method. Known as response to intervention, or RTI method aims to catch specific learning disabilities before the students fall far behind their classmates. In the best…

Samuels, Christina A.

2005-01-01

401

An Overview of the Side Effects of Including Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we summarize the findings from eight separate focus group studies, conducted with various stakeholders--special education teachers, general education teachers, administrators, school psychologists, students with learning disabilities, parents of students with learning disabilities, teacher educators, and higher education faculty…

Tankersley, Melody; Cook, Bryan G.

2007-01-01

402

Programming for Mentally Retarded and Learning Disabled Inmates: A Guide for Correctional Administrators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource manual is intended to assist correctional agencies in developing or upgrading educational and support services for adult inmates with retardation or learning disabilities. Following an introductory section, section 2 summarizes definitions and symptoms of mental retardation and learning disabilities, identifies their incidence among…

Coffey, Osa D.; And Others

403

Learning Disabilities: What Are They? Helping Teachers and Parents Understand the Characteristics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Specific Learning Disability" is by far the largest category of conditions served in special education. Unfortunately, few parents (and educators) really understand what learning disabilities are. Many erroneously believe it is a "politically correct" term for "mildly mentally retarded" or "dull normal." Further, while most laypeople have heard…

Cimera, Robert Evert

2007-01-01

404

Cultivating Our Garden: Serving Students with Learning Disabilities in Family and Consumer Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet provides basic background information on learning disabilities in order that the family and consumer sciences teacher can better understand the experiences of their students with learning disabilities. The following topics are discussed: (1) legislative initiatives affecting special populations; (2) characteristics of students with…

Vail, Ann; Mandiloff, Valerie

405

Evaluating an Anxiety Group for People with Learning Disabilities Using a Mixed Methodology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effectiveness of group therapy for people with learning disabilities and anxiety management issues is reviewed. People with learning disabilities face increased levels of psychological distress compared to the general population, yet are often faced with a lack of social support and poor coping techniques to manage their distress. A 6-week…

Marwood, Hayley; Hewitt, Olivia

2013-01-01

406

Audiological Certainty in Deaf Children with Learning Disabilities: An Imperative for Inter-Agency Working  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Meeting the audiological management needs of deaf children with learning disabilities is demanding. The study specifically focused on the age at which audiological certainty, the degree, configuration and type of hearing loss, was established in 20 individuals with severe learning disability. Audiological records relating to each individual were…

McCracken, Wendy; Ravichandran, Aarthy; Laoide-Kemp, Siobhan

2008-01-01

407

Mainstreaming Learning Disabled Students: The Impact on Regular Education Students and Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examined how adding students with learning disabilities (LD) to regular education classrooms changed the behavior of nonhandicapped students and their teachers. Initial observations were of mainstream classes containing no learning-disabled students. Observations were again conducted after LD students had been mainstreamed for 8 months.…

Baker, Janice; Zigmond, Naomi

408

Preparation of Leadership Personnel: Combined Deaf Education/Learning Disabilities. Final Performance Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes activities and accomplishments of a four-year project to develop a doctoral program at the University of Kansas Medical Center to prepare teacher educators, researchers, supervisors/managers, and clinicians in programs in either deafness or learning disabilities and in a combined deafness and learning disabilities program.…

Luetke-Stahlman, Barbara

409

A distributed computer-based screening system for learning disabilities with centralised data processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

A reliable validated tool is being created to automatically screen students for learning disabilities, administered locally with minimal expert supervision, supported by a centralised data processing and evaluation system and a wide support network for stu- dents, educators, and parents. The component tasks address typical aspects of a learning disability profile. Development phases planned include software design and implementa- tion

Athanassios Protopapas; Christos Skaloumbakas; Dimitrios Nikolopoulos; Michalis Karamanis; Anna Kriba Hellenic

410

How Good Is the Evidence for a Production Deficiency Among Learning Disabled Students?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two investigations of spontaneous use of mnemonic strategies by learning disabled and non learning disabled children and adolescents are reported. One study used a picture study\\/recall task, in which the strategies of interest were categorical organization during study and clustering during recall; the other used a paired-associate recall task, in which the strategy of interest was elaboration. In both studies,

Margaret Jo Shepherd; Lynn M. Gelzheiser; Roberta A. Solar

1985-01-01

411

Who Is the Student with a Specific Learning Disability? Parent Page. Winter 2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In education, the term learning disability is used to describe specific kinds of problems that an individual has with understanding or using spoken or written language. A student with a specific learning disability may have difficulty listening, thinking, speaking, reading, writing, spelling, or doing math problems. You may have heard of dyslexia.…

National Research Center on Learning Disabilities, 2007

2007-01-01

412

College Students with Learning Disabilities Speak Out: What It Takes to Be Successful in Postsecondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to identify variables that facilitate the academic success of college students with learning disabilities. Twenty recent college graduates with documented learning disabilities were interviewed using a semi-structured format. An analysis of the transcripts of the interviews revealed eight common themes, many of which…

Skinner, Michael E.

2004-01-01

413

Survey of the Post-Secondary Years of Students Identified as Learning Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study investigated the social and vocational adjustment of 25 learning disabled young adults who received services in a Specific Learning Disability program during their elementary or secondary school years. Personal interviews were conducted using a 32-item questionnaire. Among findings were that 56% were living in their parents' homes; 60%…

Obringer, S. J.; Isonhood, Judith B.

414

The Development of an Assessment Tool for the Bereavement Needs of People with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many people with learning disabilities are not well supported when someone close to them dies. This can make it an even more difficult time than it needs to be. This is about how staff can help people with learning disabilities when somebody close to them dies. It has some questions for them to think about. It is well documented that the death of…

Blackman, Noelle

2008-01-01

415

Strategies for Overcoming Barriers to Training and Education for Canadians with Disabilities. Lessons in Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

If stronger skills and more education are key to greater labour force participation, then it is important to identify critical barriers to education and training for Canadians with disabilities. In 2008, the Canadian Council on Learning's Adult Learning Knowledge Centre funded a "Community Outreach Initiative for Learner's with Disabilities" that…

Canadian Council on Learning, 2009

2009-01-01

416

Evaluation and Effectiveness of Pain Recognition and Management Training for Staff Working in Learning Disability Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following Beacroft & Dodd's (2009) audit of pain recognition and management within learning disability services in Surrey, it was recommended that learning disability services should receive training in pain recognition and management. Two hundred and seventy-five services were invited to participate, of which 197 services in Surrey accepted and…

Mackey, Ellen; Dodd, Karen

2011-01-01

417

Sally Smith's Arts-Based and Integrated Curricular Approach to Educating Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Founded in 1967, The Lab School of Washington (LSW) has been educating students with learning disabilities using an arts-based curriculum for over 50 years. Sally Smith originally started the school out of frustration with the inability of traditional educational environments to reach her intelligent, but learning disabled, young son and others…

Durham, Jennifer

2010-01-01

418

Addressing Health Inequities: Coronary Heart Disease Training within Learning Disabilities Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

People with learning disabilities are at increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). Research suggests this may be due to inequalities in health status and inequities in the way health services respond to need. Little is known about the most effective way to improve health outcomes for people with learning disabilities. A previously developed…

Holly, Deirdre; Sharp, John

2014-01-01

419

Effective Communication Training Interventions for Paid Carers Supporting Adults with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Carer communication skills contribute to the well being of individuals with learning disabilities. Few studies have examined the effectiveness of communication training interventions, and there is a lack of robust measures of outcome. A communication self-efficacy measure relevant to carers supporting adults with learning disabilities was…

Kyle, Seonaid; Melville, Craig A.; Jones, Andrea

2010-01-01

420

Adapted Physical Education for Emotionally Disturbed Children and Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of literature on learning disabled and emotionally disturbed children is presented, focusing upon the role of the physical education teacher as a part of the educational team responsible for implementing individualized education programs. The close relationship between learning disabilities and emotional disturbances is examined, and…

Womack, Karen King; Womack, Sid T.

421

Profiles of Types of Central Auditory Processing Disorders in Children With Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article will profile five interesting cases of children with learning disabilities and auditory processing problems. These children have met a rather stringent criteria in terms of being classified as learning disabled. All subjects had normal peripheral hearning and speech discrimination ability in quiet bilaterally, with the exeption of Case 2. Each received extensive educational, psychological, and speech and language

Frank E. Musiek; Karen M. Gollegly; Mitchell K. Ross

1985-01-01

422

The Association for Real Change (ARC) commences work on Mental Health in Learning Disability Knowledge Centre  

Microsoft Academic Search

People with learning disabilities are more likely to have mental health problems than the rest of the population (Foundation for People with Learning Disabilities, 2002). However these issues are often not recognised until the situation becomes more difficult or serious. Frontline social care staff are often unaware of the basic things they can do to promote positive mental health and

David Grundy

2007-01-01

423

Social Performance of Individuals with Learning Disabilities: Through the Looking Glass of KU-IRLD Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes research on whether individuals with learning disabilities exhibit social deficits characteristic of their population and whether instructional time should be spent teaching social skills conducted over 14 years by University of Kansas Institute for Research in Learning Disabilities (KU-IRLD). Describes commonalities across KU-IRLD…

Schumaker, Jean Bragg

1992-01-01

424

Young people with harmful sexual behaviour: Do those with learning disabilities form a distinct subgroup?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study examines 102 young people with Learning Disabilities (n=51) and without a learning disability (NLD; n=51) to explore ways in which LD young people with harmful sexual behaviours (HSB) should be recognized as a subgroup requiring specialized treatment and intervention. Throughout this comparison of perpetrator, victim and abuse characteristics the similarities between the two groups are confirmed repeatedly. NLD

Louise Almond; Susan Giles

2008-01-01

425

Increasing Social Interactions for People with More Severe Learning Disabilities Who Have Difficulty Developing Personal Relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is based on the findings from a social contact group set up for four men with severe learning disabilities. The formation of friendships and relationships is an area where little improvement has occurred following the closure of large institutions. The reasons why people with learning disabilities find friendship formation difficult can include social skill deficits, the severity of

R. Whitehouse; P. Chamberlain; A. OBrien

2001-01-01

426

Social skills intervention with learning disabled children: Selecting skills and implementing training  

Microsoft Academic Search

In view of the social difficulties faced by many learning disabled children, the present paper extends current knowledge and expertise in the area of social?skills intervention to learning disabled children. First, nine areas of social behavior which relate to a child's acceptance from peers are reviewed and detailed, and considerations regarding how to select appropriate target skills and treatment goals

Annette Marie La Greca; Gary B. Mesibov

1979-01-01

427

A prospective examination of the social characteristics of learning-disabled children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the social characteristics of early identified learning disabled students. Learning disabled students (n = 16) were compared with matched low-achieving (n = 16) and average-achieving peers (n = 16) on the following facets of social competence: relations with others, social cognition, effective social behaviors, and behavior adjustment. Instruments used to measure social

Nina Lopez Zaragoza

1990-01-01

428

RESPONSIVENESS TO INTERVENTION: AN ALTERNATIVE APPROACH TO THE IDENTIFICATION OF LEARNING DISABILITIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

The process by which public schools identify students as learning disabled often appears to be confusing, unfair, and logically inconsistent. In fact, G. Reid Lyon of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development has suggested that the field of learning disabilities is a sociological sponge whose purpose has been and is to clean up the spills of general

Frank M. Gresham

429

The learning disabled adolescent: Eriksonian psychosocial development, self-concept, and delinquent behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a developmental perspective, this study contrasted learning and nonlearning disabled adolescents on three variables: Erikson's stages of psychosocial development, self-concept, and delinquent behavior. It was predicted that learning disabled adolescents would show significantly less resolution of Erikson's fourth state, “industry versus inferiority,” manifest lower overall self-concept, and report more delinquent behavior than their nondisabled peers. The results indicated that

Daniel B. Pickar; Christopher D. Tori

1986-01-01

430

Depression and Nonacademic Self-Perceptions in Children with and without Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nonacademic subscales (social acceptance, athletic ability, physical appearance, and behavioral conduct) of the Self-Perception Profile for Learning Disabled Students and the Children's Depression Inventory were administered to 83 fifth graders and 88 eighth graders (66 with learning disabilities). Self-perceived social acceptance was related to…

Heath, Nancy Lee; Wiener, Judith

1996-01-01

431

Psychotic Disorders in Learning Disabilities--Outcome of an Audit across Community Teams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the audit was to evaluate the current clinical practice for learning-disabled individuals with psychotic disorders. We evaluated the existing clinical practice in 910 individuals who were under the care of learning disability psychiatrists in Buckinghamshire (population of 480 000). This was compared with the National Institute for…

Varghese, Susan; Banerjee, Subimal

2011-01-01

432

An Approach for the Design and Implementation of Non-Academic Interventions with Learning Disabled Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper presents an alternative approach to research in learning disabilities among adolescents and young adults. The author proposes that low achieving adolescents labeled "learning disabled" can and should play a role in research efforts in which they are involved. While much research is seen to focus on educational interventions following…

Altman, Reuben

433

Profiling Executive Dysfunction in Adults with Autism and Comorbid Learning Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Executive dysfunction is thought to be primary to autism. We examined differences in executive function between 20 adults with autism and learning disability and 23 individuals with learning disabilities outside the autistic spectrum. All participants were matched for chronological age and full-scale IQ, and were given a battery of tasks assessing…

Barnard, Louise; Muldoon, Kevin; Hasan, Reem; O'Brien, Gregory; Stewart, Mary

2008-01-01

434

Using Standardized Psychometric Tests to Identify Learning Disabilities in Students with Sensorineural Hearing Impairments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of standardized psychoeducational diagnostic instruments to identify learning disabilities was evaluated with 19 students (ages 7 to 13) with sensorineural hearing impairments. Students with hearing impairment were found to demonstrate learning disabilities with a frequency similar to that found in students with normal hearing, suggesting…

Sikora, Darryn M.; Plapinger, Donald S.

1994-01-01

435

Breaking the Discrepancy Code: A Meta-Analysis of the Specific Learning Disability Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous "selective" meta-analyses of the literature relating to the IQ-achievement discrepancy model of specific learning disability identification have concluded that "underachieving" and "low-achieving" poor readers do not differ in any educationally meaningful way. Underachievers are those poor readers who qualify as learning disabled using an…

Bachmeier, Randy J.

2009-01-01

436

Academic, Social, and General Self-Concepts of Behavioral Subgroups of Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Self-perceived competence was assessed for 60 8- 13-year-old children, grouped by learning disability and behavior disorder. Subjects included 15 controls and 3 groups of 15 learning-disabled children each ("normals," externalizers, and mixed symptomatology). Cognitive and social self-concept are as strongly related to behavioral factors as they…

Durrant, Joan E.; And Others

1990-01-01

437

Working with the Support Network: Applying Systemic Practice in Learning Disabilities Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to present a model of practice termed "Network Training" which describes a structured approach to working with the network of support around an individual with learning disabilities. Within learning disability services there are many contexts in which the support system has opportunities to come together. For example,…

Jenkins, Rosemary; Parry, Rhonwen

2006-01-01

438

The Price of Social Ineptitude in Learning-Disabled Children: The Challenge Ahead.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The social ineptitude and the emotional and practical upsets of many learning disabled children require practitioners to find ways to help them improve their social skills. Training in Interpersonal Cognitive Problem-Solving skills, modified to address their unique difficulties, may improve behavior of learning disabled children. (Author/VW)

Healey, Kathryn N.

1987-01-01

439

Perspectives on Co-teaching: Views from High School Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the perspectives of high school students with learning disabilities on co-teaching. Two focus groups were conducted at two high schools in southern California, involving 10 students with learning disabilities. Guiding questions were used to seek students' perceptions on how participation in co-taught general education…

Leafstedt, Jill M.; Richards, Catherine; LaMonte, Michelle; Cassidy, Dina

2007-01-01

440

An Exploratory Analysis of Employment-Related Experiences of Educators with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the general professional experiences of educators with learning disabilities, the unique skills and challenges among this group attributable to their experience as persons with learning disabilities, and their experience of schools as an employment context. There are several important reasons to develop a…

Vogel, Susan A.; Murray, Christopher; Wren, Carol; Adelman, Pamela B.

2007-01-01

441

College and the High School Student with Learning Disabilities: The Student's Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet discusses the possibility of college for learning-disabled student and encourages high school students interested in going on to college to carefully prepare themselves. The booklet offers the personal stories of two learning disabled (LD) students, one of whom was diagnosed as LD in third grade while the other was not diagnosed until…

Wren, Carol; And Others

442

Test Anxiety and Its Effect on the Personality of Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to look for personality variables that characterized young adults with learning disabilities and test anxiety. Fifty-four Israeli adults diagnosed with learning disabilities participated in the study, 24 of them were diagnosed as having test anxiety; 30 did not have test anxiety. The participants completed the Test…

Lufi, Dubi; Okasha, Susan; Cohen, Arie

2004-01-01

443

How Do People Described as Having a Learning Disability Make Sense of Friendship?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: For many people with learning disabilities, friendships can be limited or restricted, with loneliness being a significant problem. Although much research has been undertaken exploring these issues, little attention has been given to what people with learning disabilities themselves have to say about friendship. The aim of this study is…

Mason, Paul; Timms, Ken; Hayburn, Tracey; Watters, Camilla

2013-01-01

444

Cooperation and Accommodation Strategies for Learning-Disabled Students in Team-Based Courses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores how university disability professionals can assist advertising or public relations campaigns teachers in accommodating the Learning Disabled (LD) student in the team or group-based learning situation to foster a cooperative environment among students and faculty. Attempts to open the discussion about what faculty should consider when…

Treise, Debbie; Wagner, Elaine

2002-01-01

445

Recognition, Expression, and Understanding Facial Expressions of Emotion in Adolescents with Nonverbal and General Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children with nonverbal learning disabilities (NVLD) have been found to be worse at recognizing facial expressions than children with verbal learning disabilities (LD) and without LD. However, little research has been done with adolescents. In addition, expressing and understanding facial expressions is yet to be studied among adolescents with LD…

Bloom, Elana; Heath, Nancy

2010-01-01

446

Beyond Instruction; Beyond a Website: Distance Learning, Disability Inclusiveness and Changing Workplace Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Often, the aim of distance learning (DL) is to enhance individual learning, not to change workplace practices. Changing organizational policies, practices and behaviors related to disability calls for a different DL approach that engages users and contextualizes knowledge. In the disability arena, there is a need for programming that brings about…

Rudstam, Hannah; Gower, Wendy Strobel

2012-01-01

447

Loaded Pistols: The Interplay of Social Intervention and Anti-Aesthetic Tradition in Learning Disabled Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article considers the aesthetics of applied performance with people with learning disabilities. Focusing on the integrated punk band Heavy Load, it explores how the aesthetic structure reconstructs notions of learning disability and intervenes in its social experience. It argues that this is facilitated through the punk form which positions…

Calvert, Dave

2010-01-01

448

Using Contact Work in Interactions with Adults with Learning Disabilities and Autistic Spectrum Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a project about using contact work with people with learning disabilities and autistic spectrum disorder. People with learning disabilities and additional autistic spectrum disorder are at risk of becoming socially isolated because of their difficulties in interacting with others. Contact work is a form of Pre-Therapy, which…

Brooks, Sharon; Paterson, Gail

2011-01-01

449

The Effects of Stimulus Presentation Rate on the Short-Term Memory of Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To test the hypothesis that the developmental lag in verbal rehearsal which has been documented for the learning disabled is due to a naming speed deficit (i.e., slow retrieval of stimulus names), the serial recall performance of 64 learning disabled children at four grade levels (1, 3, 5, and 7) was compared under three stimulus presentation…

Tarver, Sara G.; Ellsworth, Patricia S.

450

Verbal Rehearsal and Selective Attention in Children with Learning Disabilities: A Developmental Lag  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two experiments investigated the development of verbal rehearsal strategies and selective attention in learning disabled children. In Experiment 1, Hagen's Central-Incidental task was administered to younger learning disabled and normal boys. In Experiment 2 the task was given to intermediate and older boys along with an experimentally induced…

Tarver, Sara G.; And Others

1976-01-01

451

Social Interaction of Children with and without Learning Disabilities in Dyads and Small Groups.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To investigate differences in social behavior between learning disabled (LD) and non-learning disabled (NLD) children in different size groups and to examine the association between children's social behavior and acceptance by their peers, a study was conducted of 44 LD and 50 NLD boys and 7 LD and 13 NLD girls from fourth, fifth, and sixth grade…

Wiener, Judith; Harris, P. J.

452

Lexical Access in College Students with Learning Disabilities: An Electrophysiological and Performance-Based Investigation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of the semantic processing abilities of undergraduates with learning disabilities (LD) (n=11) and controls (n=11) found no significant differences on the Test of Adolescent/Adult Word Finding; however, students with learning disabilities demonstrated a significantly greater number of delayed responses. Students with LD also showed delays…

Rubin, Scott S.; Johnson, Clinton M.

2002-01-01

453

Transitions: The Personal Journey of an Adult's Experience Living with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perspectives on going through the education system are offered by an adult who was diagnosed with learning disability. Experiences are shared concerning elementary school, high school, college, employment, and graduate school. Ten tips are also offered for teachers of students with learning disabilities. (SW)

Woodman, Eve

1995-01-01

454

Love and Loving Relationships in People with Learning Disabilities: A Scientific Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Love has been a recurring theme through history and literature, and its relevance to health, well-being and quality of life has been widely acknowledged. However, the scientific study of love has not yet reached people with learning disabilities. The study reported here was based on research with 376 people with learning disabilities in Spain, and aimed to analyse their appraisal

Raquel Morentin; Benito Arias; Cristina Jenaro; J Rodríguez-Mayoral; Michelle McCarthy

2008-01-01

455

Perceived Control and Adaptive Coping: Programs for Adolescent Students Who Have Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the effect of a coping program and a teacher feedback intervention on perceived control and adaptive coping for 98 adolescent students who had specific learning disabilities. The coping program was modified to build personal control and to address the needs of students who have specific learning disabilities. The teacher…

Firth, Nola; Frydenberg, Erica; Greaves, Daryl

2008-01-01

456

Homework Practices of Students with and without Learning Disabilities: A Comparison.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the homework practices of 48 students (ages 11-15) with learning disabilities and 48 nondisabled students. Although there were some similarities in homework practices of both groups, the students with learning disabilities engaged to a significantly greater extent in practices that interfered with homework completion.…

Gajria, Meenakshi; Salend, Spencer J.

1995-01-01

457

Obtaining Views on Health Care from People with Learning Disabilities and Severe Mental Health Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the rhetoric of involvement of people with learning disabilities in health care there is a dearth of research which examines the extent to which service users are included in evaluating their own care. This paper describes a study of methods for enabling people with learning disabilities and complex health needs to comment on the…

Young, Anita F.; Chesson, Rosemary A.

2006-01-01

458

Serving the Learning Disabled Child in New York State. [Updated Version].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The manual sets forth New York state guidelines for referring and evaluating children suspected of having a learning disability (LD). Definitional issues comprise the first section, followed by sample characteristics of students with learning disabilities. Procedures for referrals are outlined. Placement decisions and decisions about services are…

New York State Education Dept. Albany. Office for the Education of Children with Handicapping Conditions.

459

Research Institute for the Study of Learning Disabilities: Final Report (1980-83).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Research Institute for the Study of Learning Disabilities, established at Teachers College, Columbia University, was guided by the postulation that academic failure experienced by learning-disabled children results from interaction between the way they process information and the information processing demands of the instructional methods…

Bryant, Dale; And Others

460

Planned Pregnancy, Planned Parenting: Enabling Choice for Adults with a Learning Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For adults with learning disabilities, becoming a parent can fulfil childhood dreams to take their place in society through a highly valued social role. Recent research aimed at describing the experience of parents with a learning disability suggests that there are barriers to successful planning for both pregnancy and parenthood. However, with…

Conder, Jennifer; Mirfin-Veitch, Brigit; Sanders, Jackie; Munford, Robyn

2011-01-01

461

The Presence of Learning Disabled Youth in Our Juvenile Institutions: Excusable or Gross Negligence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the most significant problems in the area of learning disabilities and delinquency is failure in recognizing the characteristics of the LD (Learning Disabled) by the juvenile justice system. Therefore, a number of useful techniques, skills, and strategies are provided to help court officers, educators, mental health professionals, and…

Inesia-Forde, Angelina

2005-01-01

462

A context-aware e-health framework for students with moderate intellectual and learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we address the challenges of adding context-awareness to e-Health systems for students with moderate learning and intellectual disability. Our proposed framework provides a personalized e-Health environment containing context- aware learning media, services and user interface to deal with individuals with disability. The framework adapts accessibility as well as user interfaces dynamically based on user disability. We present

Rajwa Alharthi; Rania Albalawi; Mahmud Abdo; Abdulmotaleb El Saddik

2011-01-01

463

The cognitive phenotype of Turner syndrome: Specific learning disabilities.  

PubMed

Global descriptors of the cognitive phenotype of Turner syndrome are well established and are thus commonly referred to. For example, Turner syndrome is a proposed etiology of the nonverbal learning disability - because of reported relative strengths in verbal skills, and relatively weaker nonverbal skills - particularly in arithmetic, select visuospatial skills, and processing speed. This profile is observed throughout and beyond the school age years. Reliance on this gross level description of the cognitive profile (e.g., nonverbal learning disability) may be helpful as a starting point when determining whether an individual with Turner syndrome has educational needs, but it carries limited practical significance when determining the specific nature of these needs. The limitations stem from the fact that the severity of the cognitive profile is highly variable among individuals with Turner syndrome; that the "nonverbal" difficulties are specific rather than widespread; and that any individual with Turner syndrome may also manifest cognitive characteristics independent of Turner syndrome. In view of the increased risk for specific cognitive difficulties, a detailed assessment prior to the onset of formal schooling (or at the time of diagnosis, when diagnosis occurs after 5 years of age) can play an important role in determining school readiness and potential need for educational support among individual girls with Turner syndrome. PMID:19750135

Mazzocco, Michèle M M

2006-10-01

464

Neurobiological Underpinnings of Math and Reading Learning Disabilities  

PubMed Central

The primary goal of this review is to highlight current research and theories describing the neurobiological basis of math (MD), reading (RD), and comorbid math and reading disability (MD+RD). We first describe the unique brain and cognitive processes involved in acquisition of math and reading skills, emphasizing similarities and differences in each domain. Next we review functional imaging studies of MD and RD in children, integrating relevant theories from experimental psychology and cognitive neuroscience to characterize the functional neuroanatomy of cognitive dysfunction in MD and RD. We then review recent research on the anatomical correlates of MD and RD. Converging evidence from morphometry and tractography studies are presented to highlight distinct patterns of white matter pathways which are disrupted in MD and RD. Finally, we examine how the intersection of MD and RD provides a unique opportunity to clarify the unique and shared brain systems which adversely impact learning and skill acquisition in MD and RD, and point out important areas for future work on comorbid learning disabilities.

Ashkenazi, Sarit; Black, Jessica M.; Abrams, Daniel A.; Hoeft, Fumiko; Menon, Vinod

2013-01-01

465

Screening for learning disabilities in young adult career counseling.  

PubMed

The Strengths and Weaknesses Academic Profile (SWAP) was constructed in Israel in response to the local need of career counselors for a valid, reliable, comprehensive, parsimonious, and computerized screening device for identifying those likely to be at risk of learning disabilities (LD). The method chosen was self-report. A set of cognitive items was written and divided into seven scales: reading, writing, attention and memory, computation, English as a foreign language (EFL), study skills, and self-image. The screening tool was validated on a research sample in Sheffield, UK, based on comparison of the results obtained from the screening with the results of standardized diagnosis of learning disabilities administered to the respondents. The questionnaire was administered to 39 students, half of them diagnosed for dyslexia and half tested and found to be free of dyslexia. Results indicate that SWAP is a reliable and valid questionnaire, with a classification power of approximately 90%. The questionnaire is now widely used in Israel, where an Internet site has been constructed to administer the questionnaire and provide immediate and direct results. PMID:19289873

Kasler, Jon; Fawcett, Angela

2009-01-01

466

Disability in low-income countries: issues and implications.  

PubMed

This article reports on a study conducted for the Canadian International Development Agency by The International Centre for Disability and Rehabilitation at the University of Toronto. We critically examined the broad literature in the area of disability and development and in this article we identify the key issues which emerged. Most of the data were collected from existing literature in the academic and practice settings and from the publications of key NGOs and governments. We first, examine disability in the context of low-income countries, and then discuss key critical issues: disability and poverty, disability and health, disability and education, disability and gender, disability and children/youth, disability and conflict/natural disasters and disability and human rights. In all these areas we find reports of discrimination, stigmatisation and marginalisation. We conclude that, as we address issues of multi-cultural disability services in developed countries, it is important to bear in mind the various issues that many people with disabilities and their families bring with them as the result of immigrating from a developing country. Although we address these issues within our own countries, we must bear in mind the changes that are occurring due to globalisation. PMID:19802932

Parnes, Penny; Cameron, Debra; Christie, Nancy; Cockburn, Lynn; Hashemi, Goli; Yoshida, Karen

2009-01-01

467

"I Feel Pain"--Audit of Communication Skills and Understanding of Pain and Health Needs with People with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An audit was conducted across Surrey to investigate pain recognition and management with people with learning disabilities. This section of the audit looked at what people with learning disabilities understood and experienced when they had pain compared to good practice from the literature. The results show that people with learning disabilities

Beacroft, Monica; Dodd, Karen

2011-01-01

468

Piracetam: its possible mode of action in children with learning disabilities and its effect on in vitro cell growth  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of pharmaceutical products such as Piracetam (Nootropil®) for the treatment of learning disabilities is becoming increasingly prevalent, and some studies have shown successful treatment of learning disabilities in children. This research article will discuss traditional uses of Piracetam, as well as uses in learning disabilities, with particular focus on case studies where it has been given to children

R. Britz; M. J. Bester; A. da Silva; N. A. Motsoane; J. Marx; H. Naudé; E. Pretorius

2006-01-01

469

Technology and Communications Coursework: Facilitating the Progression of Students with Learning Disabilities through High School Science and Math Coursework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students identified with learning disabilities experience markedly lower levels of science and mathematics achievement than students who are not identified with a learning disability. Seemingly compounding their disadvantage, students with learning disabilities also complete more credits in non-core coursework--traditionally considered nonacademic…

Shifrer, Dara; Callahan, Rebecca

2010-01-01

470

The effects of the Natural Approach on English oral communication skills in third-grade learning-disabled students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study sought to determine the instructional effects of the Natural Approach on the English oral communication skills of third-grade learning disabled students. Subjects included 20 learning disabled students in a self-contained class who received the Natural Approach (NAT) as an experimental group. The control group consisted of 20 learning disabled mainstreamed students who received the English through Audiolingual Approach

Maria Alejandra Reyes-Bonilla

1991-01-01

471

Piracetam: Its Possible Mode of Action in Children with Learning Disabilities and Its Effect on "in vitro" Cell Growth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of pharmaceutical products such as Piracetam (Nootropil[R]) for the treatment of learning disabilities is becoming increasingly prevalent, and some studies have shown successful treatment of learning disabilities in children. This research article will discuss traditional uses of Piracetam, as well as uses in learning disabilities, with…

Britz, R.; Bester, M. J.; da Silva, A.; Motsoane, N. A.; Marx, J.; Naude, H.; Pretorius, E.

2006-01-01

472

Relationships and Differences Among Social Skills, Problem Behaviors, and Academic Competence for Mainstreamed Learning-Disabled and Nonhandicapped Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study was motivated by the Interagency Committee on Learning Disabilities (ICLD) recommendation that learning disabilities include social skills as a deficit area and by the fact few researchers have directly assessed specific social skills of students classified as learning disabled. This study used a national representative sample of students from the standardization data of the Social Skills Rating

Stephen N. Elliott; DeAnna Marcia McKinnie

1994-01-01

473

Thinking Ahead: Improving Support for People with Learning Disabilities and Their Families to Plan for the Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increasing life expectancy of people with learning disabilities makes it imperative that families plan for the future. The number of people with learning disabilities over the age of 65 is predicted to double over the next two decades. The greatest increase in life expectancy will be amongst people with mild learning disabilities who will have…

Towers, Christine

2013-01-01

474

Adolescents with Disabilities Transitioning to Adulthood: Implications for a Diverse and Multicultural Population  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Regardless of disability status, adolescents benefit from planning and instruction as they prepare to move forward into adulthood. For those with disabilities, however, transition education--that is, the planning, direct instruction, and experiential learning that helps adolescents make decisions and gain requisite attitudes, knowledge, and…

Trainor, Audrey A.

2010-01-01

475

Research Collaboration With Learning-Disabled Students: Strategies for Succesful Student-Faculty Partnerships  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The process of a successful undergraduate student-faculty research collaboration involving a student with documented learning disabilities is detailed. As the student developed research skills, she also learned how to develop her own learning strategies. At the same time, the faculty member learned strategies adaptable to all student-faculty research collaborations.

Muller, Laura

2006-11-01

476

Creating an Environment for Learning Disabilities: A Resource and Planning Guide. Bulletin No. 95053.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book discusses the challenge for today's schools to find the ways in which students with learning disabilities (LD) learn best and to deliver those opportunities for learning. The chapters focus on: (1) the elements of effective learning that belong in every classroom and the characteristics of students with LD; (2) theories of teaching and…

O'Donnell, Donita G.

477

Coping Strategies of Four Successful Learning Disabled College Students: A Case Study Approach. College Reading and Learning Assistance Technical Report 86-08.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To determine how some learning disabled students manage to achieve success in college, a study investigated the extent to which successful learning disabled college students demonstrate characteristics often attributed to learning disabled students in general: inactive learners who fail to use efficient, organized strategies and who lack…

Brozo, William G.; Curtis, Carol L.

478

E-Learning Implications for Adult Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

If a few decades ago, "the education received in school could be in most of the cases enough to go with for the rest of one's entire life," today the situation has changed dramatically. The individual has to be prepared for a new type of life and training, namely lifelong learning. The individual's survival in society could…

Criu, Roxana; Ceobanu, Ciprian

2013-01-01

479

Neurocognitive profiles of learning disabled children with neurofibromatosis type 1  

PubMed Central

Neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) is a genetic condition generally associated with intellectual deficiency and learning disabilities. Although there have been groundbreaking advances in the understanding of the molecular, cellular, and neural systems underlying learning deficits associated to NF1 in animal models, much remains to be learned about the spectrum of neurocognitive phenotype associated with the NF1 clinical syndrome. In the present study, 32 children with NF1 ranging from 7 to 14 years were evaluated with neurocognitive tests dedicated to assess basic capacities which are involved in reading and mathematical achievement. Deficits in lexical and phonological strategies and poor number facts retrieval were found underlying reading and arithmetic disorders, respectively. Additionally, efficiencies in lexical/phonological strategies and mental arithmetic were significant predictors of individual differences in reading attainment and math. However, deficits in core numeric capacities were not found in the sample, suggesting that it is not responsible for calculation dysfluency. The estimated prevalence of Developmental Dyscalculia was 18.8%, and the male:female ratio was 5:1. On the other hand, the prevalence of Developmental Dyslexia was almost 3 times as high (50%), and no gender differences were found (male: female ratio = 1:1). This study offers new evidence to the neurocognitive phenotype of NF1 contributing to an in depth understanding of this condition, but also to possible treatments for the cognitive deficits associated with NF1.

Orraca-Castillo, Miladys; Estevez-Perez, Nancy; Reigosa-Crespo, Vivian

2014-01-01

480

Assessing the Needs of People with Learning Disabilities and Mental Illness: Development of the Learning Disability Version of the Cardinal Needs Schedule  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

People with learning disability (LD) experience a range of mental health problems. They are a complex population, whose needs are not well understood. This study focuses on the development of a systematic process of needs assessment for this population. The Cardinal Needs Schedule used in general psychiatry was adapted for people with learning

Raghavan, R.; Marshall, M.; Lockwood, A.; Duggan, L.

2004-01-01

481

Education and training for learning disability practice: key messages from contemporary literature.  

PubMed

Over the last quarter of a century, much attention has justifiably been given to the closure of long-stay hospitals and the subsequent community-based experiences of people with learning disabilities. This has inevitably led to debate regarding how best they might continue to be supported, and by whom. Having identified a range of accredited provision currently available to prepare or develop staff working with adults with learning disabilities in the United Kingdom, this article reviews a range of contemporary literature relating to education in learning disability health and social care that is typically produced and viewed in isolation. Four themes are identified: training social carers, user involvement, (inter)professional practice and work-based learning. Key messages emerge from these themes to form recommendations for the future education of learning disability practitioners across the workforce. PMID:20048349

Crickmore, Debbie; Wray, Jane

2009-12-01

482

First-Grade Predictors of Mathematical Learning Disability: A Latent Class Trajectory Analysis  

PubMed Central

Kindergarten to 3rd grade mathematics achievement scores from a prospective study of mathematical development were subjected to latent growth trajectory analyses (n = 306). The four corresponding classes included children with mathematical learning disability (MLD, 6% of sample), and low (LA, 50%), typically (TA, 39%) and high (HA, 5%) achieving children. The groups were administered a battery of intelligence (IQ), working memory, and mathematical-cognition measures in 1st grade. The children with MLD had general deficits in working memory and IQ, and potentially more specific deficits on measures of number sense. The LA children did not have working memory or IQ deficits, but showed moderate deficits on these number sense measures and for addition fact retrieval. The distinguishing features of the HA children were a strong visuospatial working memory, a strong number sense, and frequent use of memory-based processes to solve addition problems. Implications for the early identification of children at risk for poor mathematics achievement are discussed.

Geary, David C.; Bailey, Drew H.; Littlefield, Andrew; Wood, Phillip; Hoard, Mary K.; Nugent, Lara

2009-01-01

483

Cognitive, academic, and attitudinal predictors of the grade point averages of college students with learning disabilities.  

PubMed

This study examined cognitive, academic, and attitudinal predictors of college grade point average (GPA) among college students with learning disabilities (LD). The study population included 84 youth who attended a large private university in the midwestern United States. Measures of cognitive and academic functioning, along with a self-report measure of study habits and study attitudes, were used to predict college GPA. The results indicated that Full Scale IQ and one factor on the self-reported study habits scale accounted for a significant amount of variance in students' college GPA. These findings suggest that variables other than traditional cognitive and academic skills are important for determining the performance of youth with LD during college. The implications of these findings for future research efforts and practice are discussed. PMID:15497484

Murray, Christopher; Wren, Carol T

2003-01-01

484

African-American Developmental Disability Discourses: Implications for Policy Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Formal developmental disabilities services are often underutilized, especially by low-income African-American families. This study examined the basis for interactions and service use preferences of African-American woman who cared for an adult female child with a disability. Diverse African-American perspectives were observed by analyzing the…

Terhune, Peggy S.

2005-01-01

485

Information Technology and the Workplace: Implications for Persons with Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Internet improves access to employment and community for many people. However, there is growing concern that many Web sites are inaccessible to people with certain disabilities. This article examines the impact on people with disabilities of online human resources processes used for employee recruitment, benefits, and training. In 2002, Cornell University staff reviewed the accessibility of 10 Job boards

Susanne M Bruyere; William Erickson; Sara VanLooy

2005-01-01

486

Persons with Learning Disabilities in the Workplace: What We Know So Far in the Americans with Disabilities Act Era.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper synthesizes empirical studies from the past 12 years concerning the realities of the workplace for adults with learning disabilities (LD). Employer perspectives address awareness and knowledge, productivity, training, self-advocacy, and reasonable accommodations. Employee perspectives cover advocacy, disclosure, self-knowledge, and…

Gerber, Paul J.; Price, Lynda A.

2003-01-01

487

Yes You Can! A Booklet to Help Young People with Learning Disabilities Understand and Help Themselves. Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for students with learning problems, this booklet is designed to help the student deal with his/her learning disability. Presented in simple language and cartoon-like illustrations, this publication addresses the causes of and misconceptions about learning problems, how it feels to have a learning disability, what can be done, and where…

East, Joanne

488

Defining learning disability: what place does intelligence testing have now?  

PubMed

In summary, therefore, when we endeavour to make any statements on the presence and/or degree of learning disability in children, we need to consider carefully how we define our population. Intelligence testing, or some similar psychometric procedures should be available, but with two substantial caveats. First, the results of the tests must be taken in the context of the respective test situations, and any relevant wider child/environmental factors. In practice, where testing is carried out by a chartered psychologist according to standard protocols, these considerations are dealt with, and will be cited in the commentary on the test results. Second, intelligence testing, while helpful, is not sufficient of itself for definition. There must be evidence for early onset in the developmental period. Here, it is surprising in clinical practice how often the evidence is far from clear; population migration and resultant variations in practice and documentation are contributory factors here. However, all indications are that evidence of early onset may become even more important in the near future, in the face of these latter secular trends. In addition to intelligence testing, therefore, some measure of social functioning should be made, such as a Vineland assessment. It should be noted, however, that many of the same provisos that apply to intelligence testing apply here. While the combination of the two is quite robust, just as intelligence assessment alone is insufficient, the same applies to assessment of social functioning. Furthermore, the complexities of definition by service received, for example by school attended, must be considered carefully. To ignore a child's reception into special education is to miss important information, whether in terms of the preceding background factors or the resultant impact of experience at the school. But to identify or classify a child according to type of special education received, and to then go on to make prognostic statements on that basis, is far from satisfactory. Finally, there is a need to be clear about what is meant by defining learning disability. Social context and obstacles to integration may in a sense 'define' the individual's situation. But an operationalized definition of learning disabity, including the consideration of intelligence, remains vital. PMID:11508925

O'Brien, G

2001-08-01

489

Working Memory in Children with Learning Disabilities: Rethinking the Criterion of Discrepancy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The criterion of discrepancy is used to distinguish children with learning disorders from children with intellectual disabilities. The justification of the criterion of discrepancy for the diagnosis of learning disorders relies on the conviction of fundamental differences between children with learning difficulties with versus without discrepancy…

Maehler, Claudia; Schuchardt, Kirsten

2011-01-01

490

Teaching Students with Disabilities: Applying and Learning Scientific Habits of Mind  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The article tells the story of a university professor, a student with severe disabilities, and how they worked together. In the end, not only did the student successfully complete the course, but the professor learned a great deal too. It describes steps all faculty should take to make sure that all students can learn and provides resources for further learning.

Susan Musante (American Institute of Biological Sciences;)

2005-01-01

491

Special Projects for Special People: Students with Disabilities Serve Others through Service-Learning Projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study focuses on the effect of service-learning on 5 students with disabilities in an inclusive 6th grade class. As students participated in service activities which met a community need and were linked to the curriculum, they achieved learning goals and were provided the real life applications of their learning. Students experienced the excitement of helping others, which increased motivation,

Lisa Olnes

2008-01-01

492

Learning and Skills: Opportunities or Threats for Disabled Learners? FEDA Responds.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Challenges will be created by proposed changes to post-school education and training for people with learning difficulties and disabilities. Two important bills have been proposed. The Learning and Skills Bill (LSB) changes the whole architecture of the post-school education and training sector. LSB sets up the Learning and Skills Council (LSC)…

Mace, Jackie, Ed.

493

THE ROLE OF DRUGS IN THE TREATMENT OF LEARNING DISABILITY IN CHILDHOOD.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS PAPER ATTEMPTS TO REVIEW THE STATUS OF DRUGS IN THE AREA OF LEARNING DISABILITY. THE PEDIATRICIAN'S TRAINING MUST INCLUDE EXPOSURE TO PRACTICAL AND THEORETICAL PROBLEMS OF LEARNING. OF INTEREST TO THE PEDIATRICIAN IS THE USE OF DRUGS WHICH MODIFY LEARNING RESPONSES. THESE DRUGS ARE CLASSIFIED AS GENERAL STIMULANTS, SPECIFIC STIMULANTS,…

KRAMER, ROBERT A.

494

"My Success as a Teacher Amazes Me Each and Every Day"--Perspectives of Teachers with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The employment of teachers with learning disabilities has been an issue debated in many countries as well as within the Israeli educational establishment. Structured interviews were conducted with 12 Israeli teachers with learning disabilities in order to understand how these teachers perceive their disability and its impact on them as children,…

Vogel, Gila; Sharoni, Varda

2011-01-01

495

Access to Mainstream Health Services: A Case Study of the Difficulties Faced by a Child with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

People with learning disabilities have higher levels of health needs compared with the general population (Nocon, 2006, Background evidence for the DRC's formal investigation into health inequalities experienced by people with learning disabilities or mental health problems. London and Manchester, Disability Rights Commission). Research has shown…

Brown, Freddy Jackson; Cooper, Kate; Diebel, Tara

2013-01-01

496

Impact of Motivation to Read on Reading Gains for Struggling Readers with and without Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was an investigation of the impact of motivation to read on reading gains of struggling readers with and without specific learning disabilities (LD) who were exposed to a structured, research-based daily reading program over an 18-week period. Participants included 13 students with LD and 25 students without disabilities from two middle…

Melekoglu, Macid A.

2011-01-01

497

Follow-Up Study of Reading Achievement in Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Forty-three learning disabled children referred initially between ages 7 and 14 years to a medical outpatient clinic for developmentally disabled children were evaluated and followed for a period of 5 to 7 years after which their level of academic achievement was reassessed. Initial evaluation included pediatric, neurological and developmental…

Gottesman, Ruth L.

498

Deconstructing Barriers: Perceptions of Students Labeled with Learning Disabilities in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This phenomenological study investigated barriers to higher education faced by 11 college students labeled with learning disabilities (LD) using their voice as the primary data. Data were analyzed and interpreted through a disability theory perspective revealing barriers stemmed largely from external social causes rather than individual pathology.…

Denhart, Hazel

2008-01-01

499

Teaching Adults with Learning Disabilities. Professional Practices in Adult Education and Human Resource Development Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is designed to show teachers how to reach out to adults and adolescents with learning disabilities and employ specific strategies for helping them to compensate for the disabilities and acquire literacy skills. The ways in which specific differences in brain structure inhibit the mastery of reading, spelling, handwriting, phonics, and…

Jordan, Dale R.

500

Creating Cartoons as Representation: Visual Narratives of College Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students with learning disabilities (LD) are the largest sub-group of all students with disabilities attending college in the United States. However, due to the multiple difficulties involved in transitioning from school to college, many do not succeed during their first year. This article chronicles ways in which three students with LD negotiate…

Connor, David J.

2009-01-01