Note: This page contains sample records for the topic legends from Science.gov.
While these samples are representative of the content of Science.gov,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of Science.gov
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.
Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

Indian Legends.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presenting American Indian legends, this material provides insight into the cultural background of the Dakota, Ojibwa, and Winnebago people. Written in a straightforward manner, each of the eight legends is associated with an Indian group. The legends included here are titled as follows: Minnesota is Minabozho's Land (Ojibwa); How We Got the…

Gurnoe, Katherine J.; Skjervold, Christian, Ed.

2

Myths & Legends.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"The Goldfinch" is a periodical that introduces young children to various facets of Iowa history. Each issue has a different theme topic and a number of articles covering diverse aspects of the topic being addressed. This issue focuses on myths and legends. Featured articles discuss how stories passed from generation to generation to reveal clues…

Frese, Millie K., Ed.

1999-01-01

3

[Hippocratic legends].  

PubMed

This paper is concerned not with medical theories, but with "discourses" about a famous physician, and I have addressed the subject of Hippocratic Legends as related to the Hippocratic Tradition. In this research, I pay attention to the Asclepiad guild of Cos, especially its status and privilege among Greek physicians and its role in the development of Hippocratic Tradition. In examining this issues Pseudepigrapha which are parts of the Hippocratic collections, that is Corpus Hippocraticum, are the most important texts, though they have been neglected for various reasons. It will be useful to look at some epigraphical and historical informations in comparison with the Pseudepigrapha, especially with the Presbeutikos, from which Hippocratic legends originate. In the result, it will be manifest that the Presbeutikos is a species of propaganda for the Coan Asclepiads and Pseudepigrapha's introduction into the Corpus, in the absence of biographical and historical information about Hippocrates, had much to do with the characterization of early Greek medical tradition, that became common in antiquity. In the conceptual dimension, we can and must distinguish between the idealization of Hippocrates as "the father of medicine", and the idealization of him as a respectable physician. But in reality, or historically, the ancient Hippocratic Tradition is amalgamation of these two aspects. PMID:15309789

Sung, Young-gon

2004-06-01

4

A Lunar Eclipse Legend  

Microsoft Academic Search

THE legends of primitive peoples connected with astronomical events are of interest to students of the history of culture, ethnography, etc. A story of this kind explaining the eclipse of the moon was heard by me last August in Karacaj-a region to the west from Elborus (Caucasus). The Karacaďans believe that on the moon there is a handsome girl guarded

N. Ivanov

1928-01-01

5

Legends in Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|When ISA-The Association of Learning Providers honored its "First Generation Legends" at its Annual Business Retreat this past spring, it was a gathering of some of the Who's Who of the learning industry. In this article, ten of the training industry's most successful professionals reveal their success drivers and talk about how to effectively…

Lepore, Marla

2012-01-01

6

Interpreting the Satanic Legend  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is argued that recent hysteria about Satanic cults can best be understood as moral panic and urban legend. Data from a wide variety of sources, including the author's own personal experience, are brought forward in support of this thesis. It is then suggested that if we are not to remain at the mercy of the anxieties and distortions that

James Hunter

1998-01-01

7

SMART LEGEND - SMART ATLAS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Atlases are moving quickly towards multimedia, three-dimensional visualization and interactive techniques. Digital atlas maps benefit from nearly free navigation, sophisticated visualization techniques and analytical functionality. Zooming and panning, coloring, and interactive queries are standard features nowadays. But one of the most important features of every map - the legend - still lacks appropriate functionality and even good graphic design. Reviewing

René Sieber; Christoph Schmid; Samuel Wiesmann

8

Rethinking Map Legends with Visualization  

Microsoft Academic Search

This design paper presents new guidance for creating map legends in a dynamic environment. Our contribution is a set ofguidelines for legend design in a visualization context and a series of illustrative themes through which they may be expressed. Theseare demonstrated in an applications context through interactive software prototypes. The guidelines are derived from cartographicliterature and in liaison with EDINA

Jason Dykes; Jo Wood; Aidan Slingsby

2010-01-01

9

Legends of America  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Summer is quickly making an exit in anticipation of fall's blustery arrival, but that doesn't mean it is too late for a trip to the American West. This site, developed and maintained by Kathy Weiser, may provide the inspiration visitors need to pack up and make a move out to one of the Western states. Legends of America was inspired by Weiser's love for history and travel, and as such, contains a host of material on the landscape of the Western states, with a particular emphasis on the historic ghost towns, abandoned mines, mustachioed-gunmen, and other once-dominant features of the region. Visitors can click on any number of thematic headings, such as "Old West Legends" and "Legendary Route 66" to peruse a number of short essays and visual materials (such as photographs). Additionally, visitors may browse in a more traditional format merely by clicking on a specific state of interest. Finally, visitors will want to browse through the newsletter published by Weiser as it contains useful information about the latest additions to the site.

Weiser, Kathy

10

Retelling urban legends.  

PubMed

We explored factors influencing the retelling of urban legends. As predicted by prior work, people retold truthful and scary stories. But people also retold well-known stories. This contrasts with the expectation that people would not pass on a story that everyone already knew. Also as predicted by prior work, repeating a story increased its credibility. But repeating also increased a story's importance, scariness, and likelihood of retelling. In general, contextualizing a story and increasing the number of details did not affect the likelihood of retelling a story. The exception was that details increased the likelihood of retelling a newly heard story. However, if people read a story with context or details, more contextual elements and details were included in their retellings. At the same time, people confabulated details to an equal degree no matter what type of embellishments they had read. PMID:17892088

Fox Tree, Jean E; Weldon, Mary Susan

2007-01-01

11

Scope on the Skies: Urban Legends  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Urban legends become widespread from people simply not asking "Are you sure?" or looking into the topic and learning more before making a decision. But urban legends are also a great way to teach students to become good questioners--skeptics if you will--wh

Riddle, Bob

2009-12-01

12

The legend of robert halsey.  

PubMed

This article examines the criminal conviction of Robert Halsey for sexually abusing two young boys on his school-van route near Pittsfield, Massachusetts. Mr. Halsey's name has been invoked by academics, journalists, and activists as the victim of the ?witch hunt? in this country over child sexual abuse. Based on a comprehensive examination of the trial transcript, this article details the overwhelming evidence of guilt against Mr. Halsey. The credulous acceptance of the ?false conviction? legend about Robert Halsey provides a case study in the techniques and tactics used to minimize and deny sexual abuse, while promoting a narrative about ?ritual abuse? and ?witch hunts? that apparently requires little or no factual basis. The second part of this article analyzes how the erroneous ?false conviction? narrative about Robert Halsey was constructed and how it gained widespread acceptance. The Legend of Robert Halsey provides a cautionary tale about how easy it is to wrap even the guiltiest person in a cloak of righteous ?witch hunt? claims. Cases identified as ?false convictions? by defense lawyers and political activists deserve far greater scrutiny from the media and the public. PMID:17521990

Cheit, R E

2000-01-01

13

Newspaper ‘Legend’ Features: History versus Hokum  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this entertaining account of “The Goods and Their Castle—Part of the Mystery Unraveled,” a historian takes the time to challenge a newspaper feature story based on “local legend” in order to point a moral.

Francis W. Schruben

1964-01-01

14

The nun in the toilet: urban legends and educational research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports and analyzes “urban legends” told about schools. The data are taken from three earlier studies of British pupils transferring from primary to secondary school. Five urban legends are discussed, and several others are mentioned. The interpretation is along the line of structural analysis. The author concludes that research into urban legends can widen the scope of educational

Sara Delamont

1989-01-01

15

Legends from the Dakota, Ojibwe, and Winnebago Tribes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seven legends of the Dakota, Ojibwe, and Winnebago tribes are presented, each in a separate booklet, and many feature the common character, or trickster, of the tribe's legends. The booklets follow a picture book format with large type, limited number of words per page, and black-and-white illustrations accompanying all text. The Dakota legends

Minneapolis Public Schools, MN.

16

The Legend of King Arthur. [Lesson Plan].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Based on characters in the Arthurian legend, this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand that many writers have told the tale of King Arthur and the people around him, including Guinevere, Lancelot, Merlin, and Mordred. The main activity of the lesson involves students writing a dramatic monologue supposedly composed…

Soderquist, Alisa

17

The Onion and "When Legends Die."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the eight layers in Thomas Black Bull's ("When the Legends Die") journey to spiritual rebirth and stresses that students can easily identify these layers and can thereby achieve a clearer understanding of the relationship between structure and meaning in fiction. (CRH)|

Bell, Loren C.

1984-01-01

18

Sivuqam Ungipaghaatangi (St. Lawrence Island Legends).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Transmitted orally for generations until the Eskimo language became a written one, the eleven St. Lawrence Island legends compiled in this volume for high school students tell of feats that were accomplished through supernatural power. Meant for both entertainment and instruction, the tales convey wise council indirectly through the conversations…

Slwooko, Grace

19

Storms of Mediterranean and Atlantic legends  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Weather extremes and notably wind storms are very often the channel ones since they are suspected of being the outward signs of climate change. However, even if audiovisual medias talk about wind storms in a very similar way, tales and legends stories account for the richness of their representations. Coastal and insular regions, whatever Atlantic or Mediterranean, are the ones where wind storms are most mentioned. The comparison between the tales and legends of these two regions, with distinct climatic characteristics, allows to underline the similarities and dissimilarities about the impregnation (or impact) of wind storms on these territories. Winds and storms distinguish spaces through vocabulary which can be peculiar to a region. Nevertheless, they also bring them together because above the local cultures is the human thought upon which wind storms create comparable perceptions, whatever the region. Key words: wind storms, Mediterranean regions, Atlantic regions, perceptions, representations.

Schoenenwald, N.; Tabeaud, M.

2009-09-01

20

Alligators, hospital birth and other urban legends.  

PubMed

The belief that hospital birth for low risk pregnancies has better outcomes than planned, attended homebirth is an urban legend. The choice of low-risk women to deliver in hospital is a result of the dominant and irrational human propensities to gossip, to follow the crowd and to cling to irrational hope. Rational analysis shows that planned homebirth with experienced trained attendants has the best outcomes for both mother and newborn for low risk pregnancy. PMID:22550002

Cohain, Judy Slome

2012-05-01

21

Misunderstanding Jung: the afterlife of legends.  

PubMed

F. X. Charet's article, 'Understanding Jung: recent biographies and scholarship', is full of errors and legends. In this article, I demonstrate the tendentiousness of his criticisms of the historical work of Eugene Taylor and myself concerning Jung's linkages with the subliminal psychology of Théodore Flournoy, William James, and F. W. H. Myers, and the fallaciousness of his criticism of my claim that Memories, Dreams, Reflections was not Jung's autobiography. PMID:10953514

Shamdasani, S

2000-07-01

22

9 CFR 108.6 - Revision of plot plans, blueprints, and legends.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-01-01 false Revision of plot plans, blueprints, and legends. 108...ESTABLISHMENTS § 108.6 Revision of plot plans, blueprints, and legends...licensee shall: (a) Prepare revised plot plans, blueprints, or legends...

2009-01-01

23

9 CFR 108.6 - Revision of plot plans, blueprints, and legends.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Revision of plot plans, blueprints, and legends. 108...ESTABLISHMENTS § 108.6 Revision of plot plans, blueprints, and legends...licensee shall: (a) Prepare revised plot plans, blueprints, or legends...

2010-01-01

24

The Mozart effect: Tracking the evolution of a scientific legend  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Theories of the diffusion of ideas in social psychology converge on the assumption that shared beliefs (e.g., social representations,ru mours and legends) propagate because they address the needs or concerns of social groups. But littleempirical research exists demonstrating this link. We report three media studies of the diffusion ofa scientific legend as a particular kind of sharedbelief. We studied

Adrian Bangerter; Chip Heath

2004-01-01

25

Legends of Mexico: Units of Instruction, Grades K-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The 26 units of Spanish instruction for grades K-8 presented here were developed by participants in a 1995-96 teacher institute. The units are designed to help children and adolescents learn both language and culture through Mexican legends. Activities help introduce the legend, test comprehension, and extend the meaning, to develop deeper…

Bacon, Susan, Ed.; Humbach, Nancy, Ed.

26

Role-Playing a Legend in Virtual Reality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reports a case study of thirteen college students engaging in a role-play activity of a Maui legend in a virtual reality environment. Immersed in the authentic cultural environment, the students not only interacted with the environment and each other, but recreated the legend based on their interpretation of the culture. (CAK)|

Ge, Xun; Lee, Jack; Yamashiro, Kelly A.

2003-01-01

27

False myths and legends in laboratory diagnostics.  

PubMed

Abstract Remarkable advances in understanding human biology in health and disease, propelled by technological innovations, have contributed to an increase in the number and quality of diagnostic tests. This evolving scenario has been accompanied by the proliferation of false myths and legends in laboratory diagnostics, consuming valuable human and economic resources and jeopardizing the clinical reasoning. The aim of this article is to provide a synthetic overview about some paradigmatic examples of false beliefs in laboratory diagnostics involving activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), cardiospecific troponins, ischemia modified albumin (IMA), D-dimer, prostate specific antigen (PSA), dibucaine number, Bence Jones protein (BJP), lipoprotein(a), neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), potassium and reference ranges. Although the suggestive cases described in this article are not intended to be comprehensive, we hope that their description may help remove some mysticisms in laboratory diagnostics. PMID:23525875

Lippi, Giuseppe; Plebani, Mario

2013-11-01

28

9 CFR 108.7 - Filing of plot plans, blueprints, and legends.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Filing of plot plans, blueprints, and legends. 108...LICENSED ESTABLISHMENTS § 108.7 Filing of plot plans, blueprints, and legends. Three copies of all plot plans, blueprints, and...

2010-01-01

29

9 CFR 108.7 - Filing of plot plans, blueprints, and legends.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Filing of plot plans, blueprints, and legends. 108...LICENSED ESTABLISHMENTS § 108.7 Filing of plot plans, blueprints, and legends. Three copies of all plot plans, blueprints, and...

2009-01-01

30

15 CFR Appendix D to Part 30 - AES Filing Citation, Exemption and Exclusion Legends  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 false AES Filing Citation, Exemption and Exclusion Legends ...Appendix D to Part 30âAES Filing Citation, Exemption and Exclusion Legends I. USML Proof of Filing Citation AES ITN Example: AES...

2013-01-01

31

15 CFR Appendix D to Part 30 - AES Filing Citation, Exemption and Exclusion Legends  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-01-01 false AES Filing Citation, Exemption and Exclusion Legends ...Appendix D to Part 30âAES Filing Citation, Exemption and Exclusion Legends I. USML Proof of Filing Citation AES ITN Example: AES...

2012-01-01

32

The Mozart effect: tracking the evolution of a scientific legend.  

PubMed

Theories of the diffusion of ideas in social psychology converge on the assumption that shared beliefs (e.g., social representations, rumours and legends) propagate because they address the needs or concerns of social groups. But little empirical research exists demonstrating this link. We report three media studies of the diffusion of a scientific legend as a particular kind of shared belief. We studied the Mozart effect (ME), the idea that listening to classical music enhances intelligence. Study 1 showed that the ME elicited more persistent media attention than other science reports and this attention increased when the ME was manifested in events outside of science. Study 2 suggested that diffusion of the ME may have responded to varying levels of collective anxiety. Study 3 demonstrated how the content of the ME evolved during diffusion. The results provide evidence for the functionality of diffusion of ideas and initial elements for a model of the emergence and evolution of scientific legends. PMID:15601511

Bangerter, Adrian; Heath, Chip

2004-12-01

33

PARALLEL COORDINATE PLOTS FOR REPRESENTING DISTRIBUTIONAL SUMMARIES IN MAP LEGENDS  

EPA Science Inventory

This paper addresses the graphical representation of distributional summaries. he graphical design goal is to produce small-summary plots that are suitable as map legends for Choropleth maps. he paper proposes two variations of parallel coordinate plots for epresenting cumulative...

34

Choropleth map legend design for visualizing community health disparities  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Disparities in health outcomes across communities are a central concern in public health and epidemiology. Health disparities research often links differences in health outcomes to other social factors like income. Choropleth maps of health outcome rates show the geographical distribution of health outcomes. This paper illustrates the use of cumulative frequency map legends for visualizing how the health events

Robert G Cromley; Ellen K Cromley

2009-01-01

35

Emotional Selection in Memes: The Case of Urban Legends  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores how much memes like urban legends succeed on the basis of informational selection (i.e., truth or a moral lesson) and emotional selection (i.e., the ability to evoke emotions like anger, fear, or disgust). The article focuses on disgust because its elicitors have been precisely described. In Study 1, with controls for informational factors like truth, people were

Chip Heath; Chris Bell; Emily Sternberg

2001-01-01

36

Emotional selection in memes: The case of urban legends  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract We explore how much memes like urban legends succeed based on informational selection(i.e., truth or a moral lesson) and emotional selection(i.e., the ability to evoke emotions like anger, fear, or disgust). We focus on disgust because it is the least intuitive form of emotional selection and its elicitors have been

Chip Heath; Chris Bell; Emily Sternberg

2001-01-01

37

The Common Core Ate My Baby and Other Urban Legends  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Urban legends are plausible stories--told as truths--that revolve around the complexities and challenges of modern life. Sociologists have not managed to pin down exactly how and why these stories get started, but they are clearly spread by word of mouth and there is usually a grain of truth in them (and sometimes, as it turns out in the case of…

Shanahan, Timothy

2013-01-01

38

Information and redundancy in the legend of Theseus  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers an instance of non-verbal graphic communication from the legend of Theseus, in terms of information theory. The efficient cause of a failure in communication is regarded as a selection error and the formal cause as the absence of redundancy from the signals (a binary contrast between a black and a white sail) for transmission. Two considerations are

Julian Warner

2003-01-01

39

Rabies: a possible explanation for the vampire legend.  

PubMed

In the 18th century, belief in vampires--allegedly dead persons who left their graves and killed people and animals--raised great concern in the Balkans and an extensive debate in Europe. This historic phenomenon still awaits a comprehensive explanation. This article proposes that rabies may have played a key role in the development of the vampire legend, given the coincident time of the phenomena and the striking similarities between them. PMID:9748039

Gómez-Alonso, J

1998-09-01

40

Coyote and the Crane--A Legend of the Yakimas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Written in plain terms, printed in large type, and accompanied by illustrations, this legend of the Yakima Indians tells of how the crane came to be; it is the story of how Coyote turns a man into a crane because the man would not share his catch of fish. "In the old days people shared things. It was our way of life. If a person was hungry and…

George, Larry

41

15 CFR 30.8 - Time and place for presenting proof of filing citations, and exemption and exclusions legends.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...and place for presenting proof of filing citations, and exemption and exclusions legends...and place for presenting proof of filing citations, and exemption and exclusions legends...time and place to present proof of filing citations, postdeparture filing citations,...

2012-01-01

42

15 CFR 30.8 - Time and place for presenting proof of filing citations, and exemption and exclusions legends.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...and place for presenting proof of filing citations, and exemption and exclusions legends...and place for presenting proof of filing citations, and exemption and exclusions legends...time and place to present proof of filing citations, postdeparture filing citations,...

2013-01-01

43

9 CFR 108.2 - Plot plans, blueprints, and legends required.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Plot plans, blueprints, and legends required...FOR LICENSED ESTABLISHMENTS § 108.2 Plot plans, blueprints, and legends required...an establishment license shall prepare a plot plan showing all buildings for each...

2009-01-01

44

9 CFR 108.2 - Plot plans, blueprints, and legends required.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Plot plans, blueprints, and legends required...FOR LICENSED ESTABLISHMENTS § 108.2 Plot plans, blueprints, and legends required...an establishment license shall prepare a plot plan showing all buildings for each...

2010-01-01

45

The Legend of Jump Mountain: Narrative Dispossession of the Monacan in Postcolonial Virginia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In north central Virginia there is a local tale--The Legend of Jump Mountain, which purports to explain the origins of the Hayes Creek Indian Burial Mound. A highly romantic legend, it immortalizes post colonial intertribal warfare during the early nineteenth century while ignoring the antiquity of the mound and the local descendants of its…

Vest, Jay Hansford C.

2012-01-01

46

The Legend of Jump Mountain: Narrative Dispossession of the Monacan in Postcolonial Virginia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In north central Virginia there is a local tale--The Legend of Jump Mountain, which purports to explain the origins of the Hayes Creek Indian Burial Mound. A highly romantic legend, it immortalizes post colonial intertribal warfare during the early nineteenth century while ignoring the antiquity of the mound and the local descendants of its…

Vest, Jay Hansford C.

2012-01-01

47

The legend of the European vampire. Object loss and corporeal preservation.  

PubMed

This paper reconsiders the manifold European legends of the vampire in a clinical context. The study of clinical psychoanalytic material that is homologous with these legends reveals that in both myth and clinical work, vampire legends and fantasies may signal experiences of object loss. Vampires are, after all, persons who have died but who are nonetheless immortal or "undead." This study suggests that an important function of vampire mythology may have been to allow the grief-stricken to believe in the continued existence of their loved ones. Likewise, in the clinical analytic situation, and especially within the transference, the appearance of fantasy material related to vampire legends may signal bereavement, especially transference bereavement. PMID:7809300

Gottlieb, R M

1994-01-01

48

Exam Scams and Classroom Flimflams: Urban Legends as an Alternative Lens for Viewing the College Classroom Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Campus-based urban legends have the potential to convey and construct student culture in higher education. Basic qualitative\\u000a and humanistic research methods were used to collect, analyze, and interpret legends related to the academic experience of\\u000a collegiate life.

Claire Howell Major; Nathaniel Bray

2008-01-01

49

Influence of emotional content and perceived relevance on spread of urban legends: a pilot study.  

PubMed

This study examined factors thought to be associated with the spread of urban legends. 62 participants (84% female, 65% white, M age = 22 yr.) read 15 urban legends, 3 of which had a stated local component, and rated various characteristics of each legend, including how scary it was, how believable it was, and how likely the participants would be to tell it to someone else. As predicted, both a high fear rating and a high believability rating were positively correlated with the reported intent to tell (rho60 = .41, p < .0001 and rho60 = .67, p < .02, respectively). There was also a significant positive correlation between familiarity and intent to tell (rho60 = .22, p < .0001); however, presence of a local connection was not strongly correlated with intent to tell. It is possible that the local stories were less believable because they all involved ghosts. PMID:18567236

Cotter, Ellen M

2008-04-01

50

Moving beyond the Black Legend: Chicano/a and Latino/a Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to a footnote in the 1990 book "The Noble Savage,""The Spanish Black Legend is the view of Spain's genocide in The New World, as accounted for by Bartolome de las Casas and the European historians who, during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, denounced this genocide, often utilizing it as an anti-Spanish propaganda tool" used by…

Moore, Dennis

51

The Indian Reading Series: Stories and Legends of the Northwest. Level II. Books 1-20.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed as supplementary reading materials for Indian and non-Indian children in the primary grades, this series of 10 booklets presents 13 legends and 7 stories of Northwest tribes. Stories in this second level of the six-level series were developed cooperatively by people of the Crow, Muckleshoot, Skokomish, Blackfeet, Northern Cheyenne,…

Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.

52

Vampire Apocalypse: A Biocultural Critique of Richard Matheson's I Am Legend  

Microsoft Academic Search

:The vampire apocalypse is a fairly unlikely event, but it makes for great storytelling. Richard Matheson's 1954 I Am Legend is a milestone in modern Gothic literature; it tells the bleak story of Robert Neville, sole survivor of a vampire plague. I employ the concepts of evolved human nature, cultural ecology, and authorial identity as my main analytical tools for

Mathias Clasen

2010-01-01

53

Vampire Apocalypse: A Biocultural Critique of Richard Matheson's I Am Legend  

Microsoft Academic Search

The vampire apocalypse is a fairly unlikely event, but it makes for great storytelling. Richard Matheson's 1954 I Am Legend is a milestone in modern Gothic literature; it tells the bleak story of Robert Neville, sole survivor of a vampire plague. I employ the concepts of evolved human nature, cultural ecology, and authorial identity as my main analytical tools for

Mathias Clasen

2010-01-01

54

Killer Khilats, Part 2: Imperial Collecting of Poison Dress Legends in India  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents the English language collecting histories of seven legends of death by Poison Dress that were recorded in early modern India (set out in ''Killer Khilats, Part 1''). The tales express fears of contamination, either symbolic or real, aroused by the ancient Persian-influenced customs of presenting robes of honour ( khilats ). Rajputs, Mughals, British, and other groups

Adrienne Mayor

2001-01-01

55

Collective Memory and Performance: An Analysis of Two Adaptations of the Legend of Beatrice Cenci  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study focuses on two incarnations of the Cenci legend: Percy Bysshe Shelley’s 1819 verse drama The Cenci and George Elliott Clarke and James Rolfe’s 1998 chamber opera Beatrice Chancy. Shelley composed The Cenci after he discovered an Italian manuscript recounting the life of Beatrice Cenci who, after being raped by her father, plotted the murder of the debauched patriarch

Amanda Montague

2011-01-01

56

The Indian Reading Series: Stories and Legends of the Northwest. Level III. Books 1-20.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed as supplementary reading materials for Indian and non-Indian children in the primary grades, this series of 20 booklets presents legends and stories of Northwest tribes. Stories in this third level of the six-level series were developed cooperatively by people of the Blackfeet, Kootenai, Jamestown-Clallam, Assiniboine, Sioux,…

Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.

57

15 CFR Appendix D to Part 30 - AES Filing Citation, Exemption and Exclusion Legends  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false AES Filing Citation, Exemption and Exclusion...30, App. D Appendix D to Part 30âAES Filing Citation, Exemption and Exclusion Legends I. USML Proof of Filing Citation AES ITN Example: AES X20060101987654....

2009-01-01

58

15 CFR Appendix D to Part 30 - AES Filing Citation, Exemption and Exclusion Legends  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false AES Filing Citation, Exemption and Exclusion...30, App. D Appendix D to Part 30âAES Filing Citation, Exemption and Exclusion Legends I. USML Proof of Filing Citation AES ITN Example: AES X20060101987654....

2010-01-01

59

A Novel for High School Seniors: Hal Borland's "When the Legends Die."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Hal Borland's "When the Legends Die" is especially appropriate for high school seniors because its central problem--a Ute Indian boy's search for his identity and expected role in society--is exactly that faced by these students. The novel is divided into four sections, each concerned with a specific stage in the development of the protagonist.…

Adkins, Carl A.

1968-01-01

60

Folktales and Legends. Windows on Social Studies: Multicultural Adventures through Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This resource book is one of a series containing lesson plans for grades 1-3 designed to support children's literature books sharing familiar social studies themes. "Folktales and Legends" presents eight different children's books related to the theme. For each book social studies concepts are presented, followed by four activities called…

Westley, Joan; Melton, Holly

61

Exploring Social Studies through Multicultural Literature: "Legend of the St Ann's Flood"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The search for literature that is of high quality and interest, is written at age-appropriate levels for adolescent readers, addresses social studies topics, and presents multicultural perspectives can be daunting. "Legend of the St Ann's Flood" is a fiction trade book that meets all of these criteria. Its setting in Trinidad and Tobago provides…

Fry, Sara Winstead

2009-01-01

62

The legend of the lost city; or, the man with Golden Balls  

Microsoft Academic Search

The image of Africa as the ‘dark continent’ predates the beginning of colonial penetration by many centuries. This paper traces these notions through sources such as the Bible, medieval travel fiction and legends of fabulous wealth. It is argued that such myths had a three part structure: ancient civilization, dark destruction, and later discovery. By the time Great Zimbabwe was

Martin Hall

1995-01-01

63

The Indian Reading Series: Stories and Legends of the Northwest. Level I. Books 1-20.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed as supplementary reading materials appropriate for Indian and non-Indian children in the primary grades, this series of 20 booklets presents legends and stories of Northwest tribes. Stories in this first level of a six-level series were developed by the Blackfeet, Northern Cheyenne, Skokomish, Shoshone-Bannock, Crow, and Muckleshoot…

Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.

64

The Indian Reading Series: Stories and Legends of the Northwest. Level V. Books 1-18.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed as supplementary reading material appropriate for Indian and non-Indian children in the elementary grades, this series of 18 booklets presents 26 stories and legends of Northwest tribes. Stories in this fifth level of the six-level series were developed cooperatively by Indian people from reservations in the Pacific Northwest. Booklets…

Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.

65

The Indian Reading Series: Stories and Legends of the Northwest. Level IV. Books 1-21.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed as supplementary reading material for Indian and non-Indian children in the elementary grades, this series of 21 booklets presents 36 stories and legends of Northwest tribes. Stories in this fourth level of the six-level series were developed cooperatively by Indian people of reservations in the Pacific Northwest. Booklets range from 7…

Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.

66

The Indian Reading Series: Stories and Legends of the Northwest. Level III. Books 1-20.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed as supplementary reading materials for Indian and non-Indian children in the primary grades, this series of 20 booklets presents legends and stories of Northwest tribes. Stories in this third level of the six-level series were developed cooperatively by people of the Blackfeet, Kootenai, Jamestown-Clallam, Assiniboine, Sioux,…

Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.

67

Development, Justice, and Technology Transfer in China: The Case of HP and Legend  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1978, 16 months after Mao Zedong’s death, China’s new leader, Deng Xiaoping, introduced market reforms and an “opening”\\u000a to the West that allowed the US company Hewlett-Packard (HP) to enter China in 1981. Shortly thereafter, HP began a partnership\\u000a with the Chinese company Legend Computer (now Lenovo), through which HP transferred its technology in four main areas: (1)\\u000a product technology,

Manuel Velasquez

2009-01-01

68

The Stab-in-the-Back Legend and the Vietnam War  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although associated with post-World War I Germany, the stab-in-the-back perspective is a common cultural response to defeat in war. An American, post-Vietnam War version maintains that the military could have won the war but for the activities of Democratic presidents, Congress, civilian strategists, the press, and antiwar protesters. The roots of the legend lie in arch-conservative assumptions, partisanship, wartime right-wing

Jeffrey P. Kimball

1988-01-01

69

Bilingual Education: Bilingual/Cross-Cultural Emphasis. Indian Legends and Felt Board Cut-Out Characters. Readings and Activities for Pre-School and Early Elementary School Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for use in preschool and early elementary school classrooms, this collection of eight American Indian legends provides patterns for making feltboard cutouts of their characters and props to be used in story telling activities. Seven of the legends originate with the Hupa, Karuk, or Yurok Indians of northwestern California and one is from…

Bennett, Ruth; And Others

70

"Smite this sleeping world awake": Edward Burne-Jones and "The legend of the briar rose".  

PubMed

Challenging entrenched preconceptions about the supposed escapism and conservatism of Edward Burne-Jones's art, this paper seeks to establish his monumental painted series, "The Legend of the Briar Rose," as a fundamentally radical and confrontational work. Critics have long viewed it as an endorsement of sleepy stasis, antithetical to the political activism espoused by his friend William Morris. By unraveling the intertwining themes of the series -- the transformative dream vision, artistic labor, the decorative mode, and social egalitarianism -- the "Briar Rose" series is revealed instead to be dramatization of the struggle for personal, social, artistic, and even environmental awakening. PMID:19886030

Rager, Andrea Wolk

2009-01-01

71

The legend of the unicorn: an illumination of the maternal split.  

PubMed

The legend of the unicorn, which pervaded art and literature in the Middle Ages and Renaissance, has been curiously ignored by psychoanalytic writers. A close study of two forms of the legend - the early "virgin capture" and its later, expanded version, the "Holy Hunt," both of them Christian allegories - reveals, first, that the story is a reflection of oedipal conflicts and, second, that it clarifies the nature of these conflicts. Above all, the dual nature of the virgin, her simultaneous innocence and perfidy, is symbolic of the child's double image of the mother during this period. On the one hand, the oedipal child longs to restore the early mother-child fusion; hence the innocence and purity of the virgin who lures the unicorn. On the other hand, the child perceives the danger of his longing; hence the virgin's duplicity in leading the unicorn to his capture. This oedipal double image of the mother reawakens and validates the maternal split of infancy, elucidated by Klein. The result is an unhealable division, persisting through adulthood, in the perception of the love-object, and above all in male perceptions of the female love-object. Misogyny is thus shown to be the product of archaic conflicts, strengthened by the oedipal crisis. PMID:6746364

Mohacsy, I

1984-07-01

72

The Holy Dog: Rite and Legend of a Pagan Cult in the Middle Ages—a Psychological Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the ritual and the legend of a pagan cult in a remote area of France during the Middle Ages; it continued till the 19th century, despite the fact that it was strongly forbidden by the church. In the 13th century a French Dominican discovered a hidden place in the forests where people came to worship the corpse

Regine Schweizer-Vuellers

2008-01-01

73

Tsapah Talks of Pheasant and Other Stories. The Indian Reading Series: Stories and Legends of the Northwest. Level VI.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed as supplementary reading material for Indian and non-Indian children in the elementary grades, this reader presents 19 stories and legends of the Northwest tribes. Stories in this sixth level of the six-level series were developed cooperatively by Indian people of Pacific Northwest reservations. Each of the 19 stories has a title page…

Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.

74

On the exoneration of Dr. William H. Stewart: debunking an urban legend  

PubMed Central

Background It is one of the most infamous quotes in the history of biomedicine: “It is time to close the book on infectious diseases, and declare the war against pestilence won.” Long attributed to the United States Surgeon General, Dr. William H. Stewart (1965-1969), the statement is frequently used as a foil by scientific and lay authors to underscore the ever-increasing problems of antibiotic-resistant and emerging infections. However, the primary source for the quote has never been identified. Methods We undertook a comprehensive search of multiple databases encompassing medical literature, news articles, and congressional records to attempt to identify sources for the quote. Results No source of the quote was identified. However, a trail of source documents was identified that clearly serves as the basis for subsequent, incorrect attribution of the quote to Dr. Stewart. In multiple source documents, Dr. Stewart made statements to the opposite effect, clearly recognizing that infectious diseases had not been conquered. The urban legend was created by a combination of lack of primary witnesses to the originating speech, misunderstanding of points made by Dr. Stewart in the speech, and increasing societal concern about emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases. Conclusions Attribution to Dr. Stewart of a belief that it was time to close the book on infectious diseases is an urban legend; he never made any such statement. Numerous other verifiable sources, however, confirm that other people in academia adopted this belief. Dr. Stewart should no longer be cited in this regard, and should be replaced with verifiable sources.

2013-01-01

75

The Donegal Sign Tree: A Local Legend Confirmed with Holographic Radar and 3-D Magnetics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A tree at a crossroad in Historic Donegal, PA (founded 1722) bears unusual burls. Two are similar in size, and lie on opposite sides of the trunk at a height of six feet. Locals say that the tree engulfed an old road sign, and the geometry of the burls gives this appearance. However, the trunk between these two burls bears no welt where it sealed after swallowing the sign. In addition, there are other burls farther up the tree, which are not consistent with engulfed signs. Although the locals all know the legend of the swallowed sign, none ever actually saw the sign; not even an octogenarian who has lived at the crossroad his entire life, and recalls the tree as a child just as it is today. In order to test the veracity of the legend, this study performed subsurface imaging of the tree using holographic subsurface radar (Rascan), and 3-D measurements of the magnetic field about the tree using cesium vapor sensors. The Rascan system used is a continuous wave subsurface radar that operates at 5 discrete frequencies between 1.5 and 2.0 GHz. Reflections from subsurface objects are recorded as the phase difference pattern between an internal reference signal, and the reflected signal. Thus, it is a microwave analogy for optical holography. Rascan records reflections with two receiving antennae - parallel and perpendicular to the transmitter - so a single set of scans provides ten images; five frequencies at two polarizations. This ensures that an object at arbitrary depth will produce a strong phase difference in one of the images. As a consequence, elongate objects that are angled from the plane of scanning (e.g. a dipping sheet) produce "zebra stripes" of contrast values that vary cyclically with depth. The presence of stripes, and their relative positions in the different frequency images (the movement of which has been dubbed the "zebra shift") is useful for determining the relative depth of different portions of a dipping planar, or curved subsurface object. Rascan images of the tree revealed a reflector that produces a zebra shift pattern reminiscent of a curved reflector. However, given the curvature of the tree trunk, the zebra shift is more likely to represent a flat reflector beneath a curved scanning surface - consistent with the presence of the sign. As an independent confirmatory method, the tree was also subjected to a magnetic survey. First, the tree was swept with a magnetic locator - which indicated a magnetic target within the tree. In order to determine the configuration of this target, magnetic total field measurements were collected at the nodes of a 3-D grid surrounding the tree. The geometry of this survey is quite different from traditional archaeological prospection magnetometer surveys and, despite the relatively high latitude of Donegal PA, the vertical orientation of the suspected target mimics the common difficulties with magnetic surveys at low magnetic latitude. Therefore, the analytic signal was calculated to provide an easily interpreted magnetic anomaly that, together with the Rascan images, suggests that the story of the swallowed Donegal road sign may be true.

Bechtel, T.; Cassidy, M.; Inagaki, M.; Windsor, C.; Capineri, L.; Falorni, P.; Bulleti, A.; Valentini, S.; Borgioli, G.; Ivashov, S.; Zhuravlev, A.; Razewig, V.; Vasiliev, I.; Bechtel, E.

2009-05-01

76

La Marimba y el joven Pluma de Quetzal: una leyenda chiapaneca. (The Marimba and the Young Man, Pluma de Quetzal: A Chiapaneca Legend.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The illustrated book is about the legend of Pluma de Quetzal and the marimba. The story, which takes place in the Mexican state of Chiapas, tells how the woodcutters who lived in the area would sit around the fire talking and singing every night. Sung by tired voices, their songs had no happy music. Instead of happiness and hope, they expressed…

Marquez, Jerry

77

Tsapah Talks of Pheasant and Other Stories. The Indian Reading Series: Stories and Legends of the Northwest. Teacher's Manual, Level IV.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide presents an overall plan for implementing Level VI of the Indian Reading Series, which features legends and stories of Northwest tribes in a supplementary reading and language arts development program for elementary grade Indian and non-Indian children. Introductory sections present the rationale of the program's language experience…

Butterfield, Robin

78

Dawn of the Legend  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Throughout Australia, April 25, 1915, is a date that every Australian knows well. This is ANZAC Day, and it commemorates the landing of Australian and New Zealand troops on a hostile shore along the Gallipoli peninsula in Turkey. This online exhibit, developed by the staff of the Australian War Memorial, pays tribute to that fateful day by providing brief essays and digitized images of primary documents that recall those events. The story begins when Australia began to raise a volunteer army in 1914, and this website brings this event to life through a series of sketches by Frank Crozier, who was with the 22nd Battalion at the time. The story continues to build as the site profiles the initial plan to land on Gallipoli, along with offering some insight into the Turks involved on the other side of the battle, including the legendary Mustafa Kemal. Overall, this online exhibition brings to life a date in Australian and World War I history that is sometimes overlooked.

79

Will the real Robert Neville please, come out? Vampirism, the ethics of queer monstrosity, and capitalism in Richard Matheson's I am legend?  

PubMed

In this article, I argue that Richard Matheson's (1954) vampire novella, I Am Legend, encodes the protagonist's, Robert Neville, traumatic recognition of his queer sexuality in its monstrosity (the unspeakability of male penetrability). Neville's identification with and desire for his undead neighbor, Ben Cortman, are symbolically codified through three different registers: intertextual references to vampiric conventions and codes, the semiotics of queer subculture, and a structure of doubling that links Neville to the queer vampire. Although Neville avoids encountering his unspeakable queer desire, which could be represented only at the level of the Lacanian Real, he must still confront Cortman's obsessive exhortations for him to come out. Only when he symbolically codifies his abnormality in its own monstrosity, by viewing himself through mutant vampires' eyes, can Neville reconfigure the ethical relationship between self and other, humans and mutant humans-vampires. However progressive Matheson's novella is in its advocacy of minority sexual rights, it still renders capitalism's problematic relationship with queer subjectivity invisible. Although capitalism overdetermines every aspect of the social field and makes Neville's daily life possible in its surplus enjoyment, the fundamental antagonism (class struggle) in capitalism is obscured by the assertion of identity politics. PMID:23469816

Khader, Jamil

2013-01-01

80

The Legend of Sally Hemings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The part played by Sally Hemings in the life of Thomas Jefferson has been regarded as provocatively dubious since political enemy James Callender claimed in 1802 that Jefferson was the father of several of Hemings's children. Historian Merrill Peterson, observing that paternity is hard to prove, wrote in 1960 that no concrete evidence was ever…

Belz, Herman

2012-01-01

81

World Myths & Legends in Art  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Primarily for teachers and students (but fun for anyone), this website from the Minneapolis Institute of Arts uses 26 works of art selected from its collections to explore mythology from around the world. Each work of art has a corresponding essay that includes key points; the story that inspired the work of art; background, such as history, cultural context and style; and suggested discussion questions. For example, the entry for a Navajo ketoh includes a Navajo creation myth describing the adventures of the earliest beings as they moved through the first four worlds; explains that while this particular piece is decorative jewelry, the ketoh form is based on wrist guards worn by archers to protect their forearms from the snap of their bowstrings; and also provides background information on the Navajo, and their arts and crafts.

82

Neurological Problems of Jazz Legends  

Microsoft Academic Search

A variety of neurological problems have affected the lives of giants in the jazz genre. Cole Porter courageously remained prolific after severe leg injuries secondary to an equestrian accident, until he succumbed to osteomyelitis, amputations, depression, and phantom limb pain. George Gershwin resisted explanations for uncinate seizures and personality change and herniated from a right temporal lobe brain tumor, which

Phillip L. Pearl

2009-01-01

83

The Legend of Sleepy Hollow. [Lesson Plan].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that Washington Irving's classic tale of the Headless Horseman has lately become a Halloween favorite, this lesson plan helps students explore the artistry that helped make Irving the United States' first literary master, and ponders the mystery of what happened to Ichabod Crane. Its 4 lessons seek to make students able to: (1) summarize…

National Endowment for the Humanities (NFAH), Washington, DC.

84

The Legend of Sleepy Hollow. [Lesson Plan].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Noting that Washington Irving's classic tale of the Headless Horseman has lately become a Halloween favorite, this lesson plan helps students explore the artistry that helped make Irving the United States' first literary master, and ponders the mystery of what happened to Ichabod Crane. Its 4 lessons seek to make students able to: (1) summarize…

National Endowment for the Humanities (NFAH), Washington, DC.

85

Retelling Arthurian Legend for an Ironic Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The author of this article, who writes a series of Arthurian books, states that Arthurian retellings for children often fall into one of two extreme categories: (1) they are prim, romantic, reverential tales with soft-focus illustrations and soft-headed heroes; or (2) they are overt spoofs of the literature, a la Mark Twain and Monty Python. He…

Morris, Gerald

2005-01-01

86

I Love Lucy: An American Legend  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

One of the earliest television shows to capture the imagination and interest of the American people was "I Love Lucy." It premiered on October 15, 1951 and followed the activities of Lucy Ricardo (Lucille Ball) and her husband, Ricky Ricardo (Desi Arnaz) This digital collection from the Library of Congress explores the show's history via a set of themes (such as Latin Roots/Yankee Roots and Theme Songs) and a set of digitized items. Visitors can click on the Themes to find original sheet music of the show's theme music, publicity photographs of Ball and Arnaz, and short essays on topics relevant to the show's run and legacy. Visitors can zoom in on the images here and they can also share the items with friends via a variety of social media platforms.

2011-08-04

87

Following in the Footsteps of Legends  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Walter Massey and Morehouse College seem to have been destined for each other. His enrollment to the college in the 1950s was more a matter of fate than anything else--when his mother drove a group of boys from his hometown of Hattiesburg, Mississippi, up to the college to take an early admission test, a 16-year-old Massey went along for the…

Seymour, Add, Jr.

2007-01-01

88

The Legend of the Flying Frog  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners listen to a story about a made-up endangered species--a flying frog! Learners print out six story pages and then draw the pictures and write the captions. Use this activity to introduce learners to the Endangered Species Act and issues surrounding endangered species.

History, American M.

2012-06-26

89

Retelling Arthurian Legend for an Ironic Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author of this article, who writes a series of Arthurian books, states that Arthurian retellings for children often fall into one of two extreme categories: (1) they are prim, romantic, reverential tales with soft-focus illustrations and soft-headed heroes; or (2) they are overt spoofs of the literature, a la Mark Twain and Monty Python. He…

Morris, Gerald

2005-01-01

90

[The "Werther-effect": legend or reality?].  

PubMed

In social sciences and in medicine, the term "Werther-effect" is used as a synonym for media induced imitation effects of suicidal behaviour. In Goethe s novel, the contemporary recipient could find a lot of details to identify with. One of these aspects is the detailed description of Werther s mental state, which suggests that suicidality plays a role in the novel a long time before the suicidal act at the end. Even though we find several reports on imitation effects connected to Goethe s Werther in literary works, the epidemiological extent of this phenomenon could never be determined. Also current social scientific research on the impact of suicide stories on suicidal behaviour could not completely remove the remaining lack of evidence of the phenomenon. Nevertheless, many studies support the hypothesis, that some aspects of quality of reporting could trigger short-term increases of suicides in certain population subgroups. In Austria, "Media Guidelines for Reporting on Suicides", have been issued to the media since 1987 as a suicide-preventive experiment. Since then, the aims of the experiment have been to reduce the numbers of suicides and suicide attempts in the Viennese subway and to reduce the overall suicide numbers. After the introduction of the media guidelines, the number of subway suicides and suicide attempts dropped more than 80% within 6 months. Since 1991, suicides plus suicide attempts - but not the number of suicides alone - have slowly and significantly increased. The increase of passenger numbers of the Viennese subway, which have nearly doubled, and the decrease of the overall suicide numbers in Vienna (-40%) and Austria (-33%) since mid 1987 increase the plausibility of the hypothesis, that the Austrian media guidelines have had an impact on suicidal behavior. PMID:18082110

Niederkrotenthaler, Thomas; Herberth, Arno; Sonneck, Gernot

2007-01-01

91

Following in the Footsteps of Legends  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Walter Massey and Morehouse College seem to have been destined for each other. His enrollment to the college in the 1950s was more a matter of fate than anything else--when his mother drove a group of boys from his hometown of Hattiesburg, Mississippi, up to the college to take an early admission test, a 16-year-old Massey went along for the ride.…

Seymour, Add, Jr.

2007-01-01

92

The Legend of Joe the Martian.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes how a fourth-grade homework assignment sparked a lifelong passion to study Mars. A Mars scientist shares how he became interested in his career. Also provides a status report of the agenda of Mars missions and includes information on related resources. (DDR)|

Edgett, Ken

1998-01-01

93

Green marketing: legend, myth, farce or prophesy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To review the history of “green marketing” since the early 1990s and to provide a critique of both theory and practice in order to understand how the marketing discipline may yet contribute to progress towards greater sustainability. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper examines elements of green marketing theory and practice over the past 15 years by employing the logic

Ken Peattie; Andrew Crane

2005-01-01

94

Ira P. Gunn: educator, advocate, legend.  

PubMed

This column examines the contributions of nurse anesthetist Ira P. Gunn, CRNA, MLN, FAAN (1927-2011), widely recognized as a visionary and tireless advocate for the profession of nurse anesthesia. Her contributions to nurse anesthesia practice, research, education, publication, consultation, credentialing, and government relations have significantly contributed to the preservation and advancement of nursing and nurse anesthesia. PMID:22400411

McAuliffe, Maura S; Koch, Faan Kathy J

2011-12-01

95

The Legend About the Free Market Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

R. Naumann is a professor of Humboldt University in Berlin. His book analyzes the Western German economy, and the theory of neoliberalism which serves as a basis for Western German economic policy as well as the \\

E. Gnedin

1958-01-01

96

The Legend of Joe the Martian.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how a fourth-grade homework assignment sparked a lifelong passion to study Mars. A Mars scientist shares how he became interested in his career. Also provides a status report of the agenda of Mars missions and includes information on related resources. (DDR)

Edgett, Ken

1998-01-01

97

Myths and Legends in Learning Classification Rules.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A discussion is presented of machine learning theory on empirically learning classification rules. Six myths are proposed in the machine learning community that address issues of bias, learning as search, computational learning theory, Occam's razor, univ...

W. Buntine

1990-01-01

98

Mal de Meleda: From Legend to Reality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Luca Stulli of Dubrovnik (Ragusa), 1772–1828, was one of the first to make epidemiologic studies of heritable skin disorders. His treatise of what became the ‘mal de Meleda’ on the Adriatic island of Mljet (Meleda) is a classic in the dermatologic literature. The present study documents his life, his birth record, his portrait and recalls his original publication (in Italian).

Karl Holubar

2001-01-01

99

Mal de Meleda: from legend to reality.  

PubMed

Luca Stulli of Dubrovnik (Ragusa), 1772-1828, was one of the first to make epidemiologic studies of heritable skin disorders. His treatise of what became the 'mal de Meleda' on the Adriatic island of Mljet (Meleda) is a classic in the dermatologic literature. The present study documents his life, his birth record, his portrait and recalls his original publication (in Italian). PMID:11549792

Fatovi?-Ferenci?, S; Holubar, K

2001-01-01

100

Urban Legends Series: Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis  

PubMed Central

Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is the most common idiopathic intraoral ulcerative disease in the USA. Aphthae typically occur in apparently healthy individuals, although an association with certain systemic diseases has been reported. Despite the unclear etiopathogenesis, new drug trials are continuously conducted in an attempt to reduce pain and dysfunction. We investigated four controversial topics: (1) Is complex aphthosis a mild form of Behçet’s disease (BD)? (2) Is periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome a distinct medical entity? (3) Is RAS associated with other systemic diseases (e.g., celiac disease and B12 deficiency)? (4) Are there any new RAS treatments? Results from extensive literature searches, including a systematic review of RAS trials, suggested that: (1) Complex aphthosis is not a mild form of BD in North America or Western Europe; (2) Diagnostic criteria for PFAPA have low specificity and the characteristics of the oral ulcers warrant further studies; (3) Oral ulcers may be associated with celiac disease; however, these ulcers may not be RAS; RAS is rarely associated with B12 deficiency; nevertheless, B12 treatment may be beneficial, via mechanisms that warrant further study; (4) Thirty-three controlled trials published in the past 6 years reported some effectiveness, though potential for bias was high.

Baccaglini, Lorena; Lalla, Rajesh V.; Bruce, Alison J.; Sartori-Valinotti, Julio C.; Latortue, Marie C.; Carrozzo, Marco; Rogers, Roy S.

2011-01-01

101

Gendering Buddhism: The Miaoshan Legend Reconsidered  

Microsoft Academic Search

Buddhist studies has traditionally utilized androcentric and Eurocentric approaches to its analysis of Buddhism. As a result, normative Buddhism has been configured as primarily monastic and male and focused on canonical texts, while women's Buddhism is relegated to special studies. In the following pages, Wing examines how these assumptions are at play in the interpretation of the well-studied, popular, \\

Sherin Wing

2011-01-01

102

Gendering Buddhism: The Miaoshan Legend Reconsidered  

Microsoft Academic Search

:Buddhist studies has traditionally utilized androcentric and Eurocentric approaches to its analysis of Buddhism. As a result, normative Buddhism has been configured as primarily monastic and male and focused on canonical texts, while women's Buddhism is relegated to special studies. In the following pages, Wing examines how these assumptions are at play in the interpretation of the well-studied, popular, \\

Sherin Wing

2011-01-01

103

[The Minnesota Story, American Indian Legends.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This student booklet, one of a series of readings on minority cultures, contains nine Indian folktales. Stories included are: Minnesota is Minabozho's Land, about the way Minnesota was formed; How We Got the Rainbow; How the Birds Came to Have Their Many Colors; The Study of Coyote and Moradjawinga (Earth Wanderer); The Four Winds, A Sioux…

Minneapolis Public Schools, Minn. Task Force on Minority Cultures.

104

Legends of the field: influential scholars in multicultural counseling.  

PubMed

This study identified the most frequently cited scholars across 28 leading multicultural textbooks used in the training of counselors and counseling psychologists. Four spheres or clusters of multicultural scholars were identified and were characterized, respectively, as having either a profound, highly significant, significant, or important impact on the academic multicultural training of counseling graduate students. The top-cited scholars across the textbooks were also examined in relation to their scholarly productivity (number of publications) and their impact (number of citations) in peer-reviewed journals. Specifically, multicultural scholars were assessed on the delta-beta coefficient, Scopus and PsycINFO publications count, Scopus citations, and the increasingly popular h-index of scientific impact. Limitations of the study and implications of the findings for counseling training were highlighted. PMID:23234083

Ponterotto, Joseph G; Fingerhut, Esther C; McGuinness, Ryan

2012-10-01

105

Hickory & Lady Slippers, Life and Legend of Clay County People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a high school project to compile a local history, including funding the project, developing interview questionnaires, taking interviews, and compiling the materials. Discusses results of the project for the students, teacher, high school, and county. (DHP)|

Igo, Debbi; And Others

1988-01-01

106

Merrill Francis Hartshorn, 1909-1985: NCSS Legend.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Merrill Hartshorn, for three decades the driving force behind the National Council for the Social Studies (NCSS), died in 1985. This tribute, written by a former NCSS president and longtime friend of Hartshorn, describes Hartshorn as "the torchbearer of a social studies tradition." (RM)|

Allen, Jack

1985-01-01

107

Professor Ludwik Rydygier father and legend of Polish surgery.  

PubMed

Ludwik Rydygier is undoubtedly the father of Polish gastrointestinal surgery. He performed two pioneering stomach operations: on 16 November 1880, first in Poland and second in the world after Jules Pean, the surgical removal of the pylorus in a 64-year-old patient suffering from stomach cancer; the operation took about four hours, unfortunately the patient died 12 hours later, and on 21 November 1881 he performed the world's first pylorectomy due to gastric ulcer, applying his own method of pylorectomy followed by the restoration by end-to-end anastomosis of the duodenal stump with the stomach stump; the patient survived the operation and recovered. Three years later, Rydygier introduced a new method of surgical treatment of peptic ulcer disease by means of gastroenterostomy. This review was designed to commemorate the outstanding achievements of Professor Rydygier, who worked at two universities: at the Jagiellonian University in Cracow, and at the Lemberg (Lviv) University. He was one of the founders of the Association of Polish Surgeons and an organizer of the first Meeting of Polish Surgeons in 1889. He was the author of over 200 published papers and several text-books on surgical infections, surgical techniques, orthopaedics and traumatology, urology, neurosurgery, and gynaecology. Professor Ludwik Rydygier possessed comprehensive knowledge of surgery and other medical disciplines, he was a courageous surgeon and skilled operator, being at the same time an extremely gifted organizer. His promotion to the rank of General of Polish Army crowned his credits for country's defence. At the anniversary of 90 years after his death, Polish surgeons pay the tribute to their mentor. PMID:21451218

Bielecki, K

2011-02-01

108

THE LIFE, LESSONS AND LEGEND OF THE MORMON CRICKET  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Mormon crickets outbreaks once again threaten vast areas of western North America. This presentation provides an overview of the biology of this fascinating organism. Its life history and distribution are considered, followed by a history of its interactions with humans. Much work has been done on c...

109

The stomach in cirrhosis. The legend of Proteus retold.  

PubMed

Portal hypertensive gastropathy (PHG) and gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE) (watermelon stomach) are increasingly recognized as separate nosological entities detectable by careful upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and meticulous histological assessment. The have a significant phenomenological overlap; both usually present with gastric mucosal hemorrhage and have a striking association with cirrhosis. However, the distinct endoscopic and histological features, which are discussed in this paper, enable physicians to differentiate PHG from GAVE. Portal hypertension as the prerequisite of PHG necessitates surgical (portosystemic shunting) or medical (beta-blockade) portal decompressive therapy, whereas the angiodysplasia-like lesions in watermelon stomach are successfully treated by electrocoagulation or laser therapy. PMID:8409328

Lingenfelser, T; Krige, J E

1993-09-01

110

Myths and Legends in Orthopaedic Practice: Are We All Guilty?  

PubMed Central

Over years of practice, many beliefs and practices become entrenched as tried and tested, and we subconsciously believe they are based on scientific evidence. We identified nine such beliefs by interviewing orthopaedic surgeons in which studies (or lack thereof) apparently do not support such practices. These are: changing the scalpel blade after the skin incision to limit contamination; bending the patient’s knee when applying a thigh tourniquet; bed rest for treatment of deep vein thrombosis; antibiotics in irrigation solution; routine use of hip precautions; routine use of antibiotics for the duration of wound drains; routine removal of hardware in children; correlation between operative time and infection; and not changing dressings on the floor before scrubbing. A survey of 186 practicing orthopaedic surgeons in academic and community settings was performed to assess their routine practice patterns. We present the results of the survey along with an in-depth literature review of these topics. Most surgeon practices are based on a combination of knowledge gained during training, reading the literature, and personal experience. The results of this survey hopefully will raise the awareness of the selected literature for common practices.

Immerman, Igor

2008-01-01

111

Lunar phases and seizure occurrence: just an ancient legend?  

PubMed

The authors retrospectively reviewed all neurologic records of an emergency unit from 1999 to 2003 to identify a potential association between lunar phases and seizure occurrence. Overall 859 patients admitted for seizure occurrence were divided into the four quarters of the synodic month according to moon phases. A significant clustering of seizures around the full moon period was observed, supporting the ancient belief of periodic increased seizure frequency during full-moon days. PMID:16682684

Polychronopoulos, P; Argyriou, A A; Sirrou, V; Huliara, V; Aplada, M; Gourzis, P; Economou, A; Terzis, E; Chroni, E

2006-05-01

112

The Cultural Construction of Contemporary Satanic Legends in Israel  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is based on a text analysis of the contents of sixty-three newspaper articles published in the local Israeli press covering “Cult of Satan” activities. The response in the form of an anti-satanic movement in Israel and its rhetorical narrative are compared with phenomena in other western countries. Analysis focuses on why Satanism has remained more on the level

Gabriel Cavaglion; Revital Sela-Shayovitz

2005-01-01

113

Beyond urban legends: an emerging framework of urban ecology ...  

Treesearch

... part of the Long Term Ecological Research Network, expose new assumptions and test existing ... We address the relationships between social status and awareness of ... These results suggest a framework for a theory of urban ecosystems.

114

Myths and Legends in Orthopaedic Practice: Are We All Guilty?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over years of practice, many beliefs and practices become entrenched as tried and tested, and we subconsciously believe they\\u000a are based on scientific evidence. We identified nine such beliefs by interviewing orthopaedic surgeons in which studies (or\\u000a lack thereof) apparently do not support such practices. These are: changing the scalpel blade after the skin incision to limit\\u000a contamination; bending the

Nirmal C. Tejwani; Igor Immerman

2008-01-01

115

[The Zurich Paracelsus Project. Legends, controversies and prospects for current Paracelsus research].  

PubMed

The research on the life and teaching of Theophrastus of Hohenheim (1493/94-1541), called Paracelsus, offers a broad variety of problems still to be solved. In comparison to being well-known and having written the most voluminous 16th century professional literature next to Luther, the scientific edition of his works remains badly neglected. About a quarter of them, mostly theological ones, are widely scattered around the world in manuscript form and still await their edition. The ones being already edited lack the critical apparatus satisfying modern standards, including a dictionary for the specific Paracelsian expressions and a general index. The Zurich Paracelsus Project now offers a possible way to manage the problems. Microfilms of important manuscripts will be collected and united at a central place. The mass of the edited texts will be electronically recorded and analysed according to various criteria. On the basis of these preparatory work an index will be produced and building stones for a Paracelsus dictionary will be made available. A homepage (http:/(/)www.mhiz.unizh.ch/Paracelsus.html++ +) will present the state of the art and will serve to coordinate further activities. PMID:10432775

Gantenbein, U L

1999-01-01

116

The Stuff of Legend: T\\/Selling the Story of Reena Virk  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay looks at texts that tell stories that claim to be “true,” “based on,” or “indebted to” the murder of Reena Virk. Girls in these stories are value-laden symbols that frame and reframe the story of girlhood identity within the Canadian nation in particular ways. I argue that these framings often obliterate the particularity of girlhood identities through which

Michele Byers; Reena Virk

2010-01-01

117

Beyond Urban Legends: An Emerging Framework of Urban Ecology, as Illustrated by the Baltimore Ecosystem Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The emerging discipline of urban ecology is shifting focus from ecological processes embedded within cities to integrative studies of large urban areas as biophysical-social complexes. Yet this discipline lacks a theory. Results from the Baltimore Ecosystem Study, part of the Long Term Ecological Research Network, expose new assumptions and test existing assumptions about urban ecosystems. The findings suggest a broader

Steward T. A. Pickett; Mary L. Cadenasso; J. Morgan Grove; Peter M. Groffman; Lawrence E. Band; Christopher G. Boone; WILLIAM R. BURCH JR.; C. Susan B. Grimmond; John Hom; Jennifer C. Jenkins; Neely L. Law; Charles H. Nilon; Richard V. Pouyat; Katalin Szlavecz; Paige S. Warren; Matthew A. Wilson

2008-01-01

118

Southern Arabian Desert Trade Routes, Frankincense, Myrrh, and the Ubar Legend  

Microsoft Academic Search

A location that likely inspired some elements of legendary accounts of the “lost city” of Ubar has been found at the edge\\u000a of the Arabian Peninsula’s Empty Quarter at the village of Ash Shisr in modern day Oman. The site consists of the remains\\u000a of a central fortress surrounding a well. Artifacts from as far away as Persia, Rome, and

RONALD G. BLOM; Robert Crippen; Charles Elachi; Nicholas Clapp; George Hedges; Juris Zarins

119

9 CFR 108.7 - Filing of plot plans, blueprints, and legends.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS FACILITY REQUIREMENTS FOR LICENSED ESTABLISHMENTS § 108.7 Filing of plot plans, blueprints, and...

2013-01-01

120

[Necrosis in fingers and toes following local anaesthesia with adrenaline - an urban legend?].  

PubMed

BACKGROUND It is often maintained that a local anaesthetic (usually lidocaine) with adrenaline must not be used in fingers and toes because it may cause necrosis due to vascular spasm in end arteries. This review article is an attempt to find evidence to support this warning.METHOD Relevant literature was found by means of searches in PubMed limited downwards to 1946 and in EMBASE from 1980 to 2012, and in reference lists.RESULTS Five review articles on finger necrosis following local anaesthesia concluded that lidocaine with adrenaline does not entail a risk of ischaemic injury. One article found 48 reported cases of finger necrosis in the period 1880 to 2000. Most were from the first half of the 1900s, and none involved lidocaine. Gangrene of part of the finger tip has subsequently been described in one patient with Raynaud's syndrome. No cases of necrosis have been described in a large number of reported accidents in which EpiPen injections contained the same quantity of adrenaline as is found in 60 ml lidocaine with adrenaline. Over a quarter of a million reports have been made of operations on feet, hands, fingers and toes anaesthetised with lidocaine with adrenaline without resulting necrosis.INTERPRETATION There are no grounds for the warning against using lidocaine with adrenaline in fingers and toes. This anaesthetic offers considerable practical advantages. Care should be taken with infected fingers or fingers with poor circulation. PMID:24042296

Finsen, Vilhjalmur

2013-09-17

121

THE TRANSMISSION AND PERSISTENCE OF 'URBAN LEGENDS': SOCIOLOGICAL APPLICATION OF AGE-STRUCTURED EPIDEMIC MODELS  

PubMed Central

This paper describes two related epidemic models of rumor transmission in an age-structured population. Rumors share with communicable disease certain basic aspects, which means that formal models of epidemics may be applied to the transmission of rumors. The results show that rumors may become entrenched very quickly and persist for a long time, even when skeptics are modeled to take an active role in trying to convince others that the rumor is false. This is a macrophenomeon, because individuals eventually cease to believe the rumor, but are replaced by new recruits. This replacement of former believers by new ones is an aspect of all the models, but the approach to stability is quicker, and involves smaller chance of extinction, in the model where skeptics actively try to counter the rumor, as opposed to the model where interest is naturally lost by believers. Skeptics hurt their own cause. The result shows that including age, or a variable for which age is a proxy (e.g., experience), can improve model fidelity and yield important insights.

NOYMER, ANDREW

2009-01-01

122

Some Legends Never Die: Jack Briggs and His Legacy of Leadership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the life and work of the late Jack Briggs, who helped build Fond du Lac Tribal and Community College (FDLTCC) (Minnesota), the only college of its kind in the nation. Reports that FDLTCC has established a scholarship fund in Briggs' honor. (NB)|

Schultz, Judy

2002-01-01

123

Truth in Urban Legends? Using Snopes.com to Teach Source Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information spreads online at a much faster rate than ever before, often without being confirmed by trustworthy sources. Students must be able to evaluate the online source and the online source's information for accuracy and credibility. In public speaking, argumentation, and persuasion classes (among others), students are taught to use confirmed…

DeGroot, Jocelyn M.

2011-01-01

124

Laws, leaders, and legends of the modern National Library of Medicine  

PubMed Central

Purpose: The paper is an expanded version of the 2007 Joseph Leiter National Library of Medicine (NLM)/Medical Library Association Lecture presented at MLA ‘07, the Medical Library Association annual meeting in Philadelphia in May 2007. It presents an historical accounting of four major pieces of legislation, beginning with the NLM Act of 1956 up through the creation of the National Center for Biotechnology Information. Brief Description: The transition from the United States Armed Forces Medical Library to the United States National Library of Medicine in 1956 was a major turning point in NLM's history, scope, and direction. The succeeding landmark legislative achievements—namely, the 1965 Medical Library Assistance Act, the 1968 Joint Resolution forming the Lister Hill National Center for Biomedical Communications, and the 1988 authorization for the National Center for Biotechnology Information— transformed the library into a major biomedical communications institution and a leader and supporter of an effective national network of libraries of medicine. The leaders of the library and its major advocates—including Dr. Michael DeBakey, Senator Lister Hill, and Senator Claude Pepper—together contributed to the creation of the modern NLM.

Smith, Kent A.

2008-01-01

125

Beyond Urban Legends: An Emerging Framework of Urban Ecology, as Illustrated by the Baltimore Ecosystem Study  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The emerging discipline of urban ecology is shifting focus from ecological processes embedded within cities to integrative studies of large urban areas as biophysical-social complexes. Yet this discipline lacks a theory. Results from the Baltimore Ecosystem Study, part of the Long Term Ecological Research Network, expose new assumptions and test existing assumptions about urban ecosystems. The findings suggest a broader range of structural and functional relationships than is often assumed for urban ecological systems. We address the relationships between social status and awareness of environmental problems, and between race and environmental hazard. We present patterns of species diversity, riparian function, and stream nitrate loading. In addition, we probe the suitability of land-use models, the diversity of soils, and the potential for urban carbon sequestration. Finally, we illustrate lags between social patterns and vegetation, the biogeochemistry of lawns, ecosystem nutrient retention, and social-biophysical feedbacks. These results suggest a framework for a theory of urban ecosystems.

Steward T. A. Pickett (Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies;); Peter M. Groffman (Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies;); Mary L. Cadenasso (University of CaliforniaĂÂDavis;); J. Morgan Grove (USDA;); Lawrence E. Band (UNC-Chapel Hill;); Christopher G. Boone (Arizona State University;)

2008-02-01

126

The Hay Wagon Moves to the West: On Martin Buber's Adaptation of Hassidic Legends  

Microsoft Academic Search

IThe impact of Martin Buber’s work in the study and general cultural appreciation of Hasidism can hardly be overestimated. First in German, then in many other European languages and in modern Hebrew, it was Buber’s work that initiated non-Hasidic readers into the previously terra incognita of Hasidism. Buber’s depiction of Hasidism, as even his critics admit, ‘‘has been extraordinarily influential.

Ran HaCohen

2007-01-01

127

The verbal system of a seventeenth-century icon legend: Morphology and discourse function  

Microsoft Academic Search

In medieval and early modern texts written in the East Slavic area, we find three past-tense paradigms: a set of perfect tenses (L-forms, generalized for the past tense in modern Russian), an imperfect, and an aorist. The imperfect is usually considered specific to Russian Church Slavonic, and to have disappeared from the living language of the East Slavs by the

Emily Klenin

1995-01-01

128

Legend and legacy: Fifty years of defense production at the Hanford Site  

SciTech Connect

Today, the Hanford Site is engaged in the largest waste cleanup effort ever undertaken in human history. That in itself makes the endeavor historic and unique. The Hanford Site has been designated the ``flagship`` of Department of Energy (DOE) waste remediation endeavors. And, just as the wartime Hanford Project remains unmatched in history, no counterpart exists for the current waste cleanup enterprise. This report provides a summary of the extensive historical record, however, which does give a partial road map. The science of environmental monitoring pioneered at the Hanford Site, and records of this type are the most complete of any in the world, from private companies or public agencies, for the early years of Site operations. The Hanford Site was unique for establishing a detailed, scientific, and multi-faceted environmental monitoring program.

Gerber, M.S.

1992-09-01

129

Legends of the Beauchamps' ancestors: the use of baronial propaganda in medieval England  

Microsoft Academic Search

From the early part of the eleventh century, legendary propaganda was generated by the Tosny family. The Warwickshire branch of the Beaumonts did likewise from the late twelfth century, their efforts culminating in the popular romance Guy of Warwick. Such material was designed to romanticize those activities of the families which had led to their acquiring landed power, and to

Emma Mason

1984-01-01

130

Ugiuvangmiut Quliapyuit = King Island Tales. Eskimo History and Legends from Bering Strait.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The collection of native tales from King Island, Alaska, contains tales told originally in Inupiaq Eskimo by seven native elders. Introductory sections provide background information on the storytellers, King Island Village and its people, traditional life there, and the language of the King Islanders. The 25 tales are divided into groups: "The…

Kaplan, Lawrence D., Ed.

131

Myths and Legends of the New York Iroquois. Museum Bulletin 125.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Adopted for 22 years into the Seneca nation, Harriet Maxwell Converse devoted much of her life to the study and defense of the Indians of New York. The position of friendship and trust she enjoyed enabled her to record extensive information on the customs and institutions of the Iroquois. Material for this volume was taken from her notes found…

Converse, Harriet Maxwell

1974-01-01

132

Recent Scholarship in Military History and the ANZAC Legend: Down Under 2010  

Microsoft Academic Search

On 25 April every year Australians and New Zealanders pause to remember the anniversary of the landings at Gallipoli in 1915. ANZAC Day1 is named after the acronym for the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps and has developed into Australia's national day. For outsiders, it is a somewhat difficult concept to grasp. We remember a generation of young Australian

Peter J Dean

2010-01-01

133

9 CFR 108.6 - Revision of plot plans, blueprints, and legends.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE...ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS FACILITY...drawings may be submitted to Animal and Plant Health Inspection...to be torn down, or other changes affecting...

2013-01-01

134

The "Texas Tomboy:" The Life and Legend of Babe Didrikson Zaharias.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the life of "Babe" Didrikson Zaharias from her start as a basketball player and Olympian through her career as a professional golfer. Addresses the difficulties faced by women who are successful in the male arena of athletics. Discusses her struggles against cancer and to be seen by the public as a normal female. (DK)|

Cayleff, Susan E.

1992-01-01

135

Popé: The Man Behind the Legend by Priscilla A. MacDonald  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sometime during the year of 1688, the Pueblo leader and Medicine Man Popé crossed the bridge between this life and the next. Had he fulfilled the destiny th at he believed was laid out for him? Only time would tell. Still none could doubt that he had led a largely successful revolt against Spanish rule in the province of New

Priscilla MacDonald

136

The role of creative drama in comprehending the legends environment related trainings: Kazda?? case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the activity which was implemented in the scope of a project supported by The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (STRCT) is to create awareness in MA students in the fields of nature, archeology, history and culture; to help them approach the concepts related to the culture and environment in the region they live by using

Arzu Bay?nd?r; Abdullah Soykan

2009-01-01

137

Ugiuvangmiut Quliapyuit = King Island Tales. Eskimo History and Legends from Bering Strait.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The collection of native tales from King Island, Alaska, contains tales told originally in Inupiaq Eskimo by seven native elders. Introductory sections provide background information on the storytellers, King Island Village and its people, traditional life there, and the language of the King Islanders. The 25 tales are divided into groups: "The…

Kaplan, Lawrence D., Ed.

138

Customer Relationship Management (CRM) Implementation in China: A Case Study of Legend Group  

Microsoft Academic Search

As more and more enterprises face significant growth and profitability challenges, executives are turning to formulate appropriate\\u000a customer centric strategies and focus on managing customer relationships to support such initiatives. Combining information\\u000a technology with relationship marketing, customer relationship management (CRM) systems provide the infrastructure that facilitates\\u000a long-term relationship building with customers. However, not all firms have been successful in their

Jun Wu

2007-01-01

139

The Legend of Philosophy’s Striptease (Trends in Philosophy of Science)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The title is meant to tease the reader and attract his\\/her curiosity, but the question behind the teasing is serious. The\\u000a reader will gently excuse the unconventional gait of a chapter that originated as an invited lecture given in Paris, at the\\u000a HOPOS 2006 June conference. Doing philosophy of science requires having been trained both in philosophy and in (at

Anne Fagot-Largeault

140

Truth in Urban Legends? Using Snopes.com to Teach Source Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Information spreads online at a much faster rate than ever before, often without being confirmed by trustworthy sources. Students must be able to evaluate the online source and the online source's information for accuracy and credibility. In public speaking, argumentation, and persuasion classes (among others), students are taught to use…

DeGroot, Jocelyn M.

2011-01-01

141

Volcanoes in the pre-Columbian life, legend, and archaeology of Costa Rica (Central America)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Costa Rica is located geographically in the southern part of the Central American Volcanic Front, a zone where interaction between the Mesoamerican and South American cultures occurred in pre-Columbian times. Several volcanoes violently erupted during the Holocene, when the first nomadic human hunters and later settlers were present. Volcanic rocks were the most important geo-resource in making artifacts and as

Guillermo E. Alvarado; Gerardo J. Soto

2008-01-01

142

9 CFR 325.1 - Transactions in commerce prohibited without official inspection legend or certificate when...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...products capable of use as human food, or importing such articles...subchapter, any such meat or meat food product which is capable of use as human food and is not wrapped, packaged...otherwise enclosed to prevent adulteration by airborne...

2013-01-01

143

Narrative Translation across Cultures: From the "Bhagavad Gita" to "The Legend of Bagger Vance."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Religious narratives can and do cross borders through communicative practices and arenas that span cultures. The ideas and conceptual tools enshrined in another culture's stories can be appropriated in one of two ways by another culture--either through using such a text to denigrate the originator culture or to adapt the ideas within to the new…

Stroud, Scott R.

144

Inner-City African American Parental Involvement in Elementary Schools: Getting beyond Urban Legends of Apathy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Parental involvement in schools is a national priority for both educators and researchers to promote the successful schooling of contemporary youth. Contemporary parental involvement research has produced some promising findings, but parental involvement efforts with inner-city African Americans are currently limited by problems of research…

Abdul-Adil, Jaleel K.; Farmer, Alvin David, Jr.

2006-01-01

145

And the Wagon Came Rolling In . . . : Legend and the Politics of (Self) Censorship in Nineteenth-Century Denmark  

Microsoft Academic Search

Buried in the thousands of pages of Evald Tang Kristensen’s remarkable collection of nineteenth century Danish folklore is an amusing, yet shockingly obscene, story told by “Bitte” Jens Kristensen, a cobbler and smallholder from northern Jutland. Tang Kristensen’s decision to break the story into three parts, publishing two of those parts separately, and not publishing the most obscene section of

Timothy R. Tangherlini

2008-01-01

146

9 CFR 316.10 - Marking of meat food products with official inspection legend and ingredient statement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Marking of meat food products with official inspection...ORGANIZATION AND TERMINOLOGY; MANDATORY MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION AND VOLUNTARY...THEIR CONTAINERS § 316.10 Marking of meat food products with official...

2013-01-01

147

Mean Streets, Bad Boys, Drugs and Rock ‘n’ Roll: Morocco’s Urban Legends of the 21st Century  

Microsoft Academic Search

: In the past decade, Moroccan filmmaking has documented the transitions taking place in contemporary society. Whether the films are made in French, Arabic, Berber, or a mixture of all three, language becomes secondary to the images that filmmakers seek to convey to their audiences. For the most part, films made since 1999, the year marking the end of the

Valérie K. Orlando

2011-01-01

148

Mean Streets, Bad Boys, Drugs and Rock ‘n’ Roll: Morocco’s Urban Legends of the 21st Century  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the past decade, Moroccan filmmaking has documented the transitions taking place in contemporary society. Whether the films are made in French, Arabic, Berber, or a mixture of all three, language becomes secondary to the images that filmmakers seek to convey to their audiences. For the most part, films made since 1999, the year marking the end of the “Lead

Valérie K. Orlando

2011-01-01

149

Remembering Gotham: Urban Legends, Public History, and Representations of Poverty, Crime, and Race in New York City  

Microsoft Academic Search

The “past” is never truly past, nor are historians\\/archaeologists privileged stewards of a city's memory. The moment ground was broken at Five Points, researchers encountered a public avidly interested in the history of New York's legendary nineteenth-century “slum.” From the 1840s this Manhattan neighborhood provided journalists with grist for lurid tabloid tales, creating a grim literary legacy that lingers in

Paul Reckner

2002-01-01

150

Ethiopia--Problems of Religious and National Unity: The Legend of Solomon and Sheba [And] Will Ethiopia Survive? Mini-Module.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The survival of Ethiopia as a religious and national unit is investigated through inquiry. Intended as a learning experience for students of African history, the paper provides information on Ethiopia's past, its present status, and on the choice the nation faces between modernity and tradition. A calendar of religious and political events in…

African-American Inst., New York, NY. School Services Div.

151

Inuit Legends, Oral Histories, Art, and Science in the Collaborative Development of Lessons That Foster Two-Way Learning: The Return of the Sun in Nunavut  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reports on the development of a science unit for Nunavut students and my collaboration with Louise Uyarak, an early years teacher and a graduate of Arctic College's teacher education program. The unit addresses light outcomes in the "Canadian Common Framework of Science Learning Outcomes, K-12". More importantly, it incorporates…

McMillan, Barbara A.

2013-01-01

152

The Paparazzi Take a Look at a Living Legend: The SO2 Cap-and-Trade Program for Power Plants in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

For years economists have urged policymakers to use market-based approaches such as cap-and-trade programs or emission taxes to control pollution. The SO2 allowance market created by Title IV of the 1990 U.S. Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) presents the first real test of the wisdom of economists' advice. This paper provides an overview of the origins, design, and performance of

Dallas Burtraw; Karen Palmer

2003-01-01

153

The Paparazzi Take a Look at a Living Legend: The SO2Cap-and-T rade Program for Power Plants in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract For years economists have urged policymakers,to use market-based approaches such as cap-and-trade programs or emission taxes to control pollution. The SO2allowance,market created by Title IV of the 1990 U.S. Clean Air Act Amendments,(CAAA) presents the first real test of the wisdom of economists' advice. This paper provides an overview of the origins, design, and performance of the U.S. acid

Dallas Burtraw; Karen Palmer

154

9 CFR 317.3 - Approval of abbreviations of marks of inspection; preparation of marking devices bearing...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...inspection; preparation of marking devices bearing inspection legend without advance approval...inspection; preparation of marking devices bearing inspection legend without advance approval...mark or simulation thereof, or any label bearing any such mark or simulation,...

2013-01-01

155

15 CFR 30.47 - Clearance or departure of carriers under bond on incomplete manifest.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Customs and Border Protection regulations citations, exclusion, and/or exemption legends...in this part and all required filing citations, exclusion, and/or exemption legends...the manifest and all required filing citations, exclusion, and/or exemption...

2012-01-01

156

15 CFR 30.47 - Clearance or departure of carriers under bond on incomplete manifest.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Customs and Border Protection regulations citations, exclusion, and/or exemption legends...in this part and all required filing citations, exclusion, and/or exemption legends...the manifest and all required filing citations, exclusion, and/or exemption...

2013-01-01

157

19 CFR 112.27 - Marking of vehicles and vessels.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the legend âCustomhouse License No. ____â, and the name...person or firm to whom the license has been issued. The abbreviated...required legend and name. (d) Removal of marking upon termination of license. The markings...

2013-04-01

158

Taga the Great.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Legends can be incorporated into elementary social studies curricula to help students understand how people transmitted history and culture from one generation to another before they learned to read and write. Taga the Great is a legend which helps explain the 16-feet high latte stones on the Mariana Islands, Tinian and Rota. According to legend,…

Baker, Frances S.

159

John Henry: Then and Now.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Compares three children's books retelling the legend of John Henry: "John Henry: An American Legend" by Ezra Jack Keats (1965), "John Henry" by Julius Lester (1994), and "The Legend of John Henry" by Terry Small (1994). Differences in imagery, language, symbolism, and themes are discussed. (MAK)|

Nikola-Lisa, W.

1998-01-01

160

Estate Planning: First, You Have to Ask  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There's an urban legend which holds that community college graduates who go on to earn degrees at other institutions develop a stronger loyalty to the college that granted their highest degree. Perpetuating this legend is a limiting belief that keeps fundraising professionals from taking necessary steps to fully develop the potential that exists…

Johnston, Robin; Penson, Al

2010-01-01

161

Ethnography, Literature, and Art in the work of Anne Eisner (Putnam): Making Sense of Colonial Life in the Ituri Forest  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper traces the transformation of ethnology and interpretation in the work of artist Anne Eisner (Putnam) and anthropologist Colin Turnbull. Eisner, who made her home at the edge of the Ituri Forest of the former Belgian Congo (DRC) during the 1940s and 1950 and again in 1957–58, transcribed two hundred Mbuti Pygmy legends; Turnbull used these legends (in the

Christie McDonald

2004-01-01

162

Folk Literature in the Foreign Language Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The usefulness of various forms of folk literature as grammatical, literary, historical, and cultural sources in foreign language teaching is discussed and guidelines are suggested for classroom implementation. Although the focus is on folk or fairy tales, folk literature is defined to encompass myths, local legends, saints' legends, children's…

Bagg, Mary Beth

163

Everest 1951: the footprints attributed to the Yeti--myth and reality.  

PubMed

For centuries, mountains have given rise to legends about supernatural beings such as the Yeti of the Himalayas. The legend of the Yeti was enhanced by the finding of footprints in the Menlung Basin during the 1951 Everest reconnaissance expedition. This report provides a possible explanation of the Menlung footprints based on developmental abnormalities, physiology, and pathology of the foot. PMID:11990134

Ward, M

1997-02-01

164

Tsetsaut History: The Forgotten Tribe of Southern Southeast Alaska. Portland Canal Early History (Misty Fiord National Monument). Alaska Historical Commission Studies in History #147.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written by one of the tribe's few remaining members and based on oral history and legend, this study traces the history of the Tsetsaut tribe, ancient original inhabitants of the Portland Canal area of southeastern Alaska. Chapters recount the quest for the coast, legends of Portland Canal, exploration of the area, material culture, establishment…

Dangeli, Reginald H.

165

Estate Planning: First, You Have to Ask  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There's an urban legend which holds that community college graduates who go on to earn degrees at other institutions develop a stronger loyalty to the college that granted their highest degree. Perpetuating this legend is a limiting belief that keeps fundraising professionals from taking necessary steps to fully develop the potential that exists…

Johnston, Robin; Penson, Al

2010-01-01

166

The Maitreya-samiti and Khotanese  

Microsoft Academic Search

§ 0 The legend of the Buddha Maitreya, a wide-spread Buddhist legend of the future savior of the world, evolved through translations and adaptations in a number of Pre-Islamic Central Asian languages.1 Specifically I would discuss in what follows the Middle Iranian Khotanese version, since other versions, such as Tocharian and Old Turkic (also called Uigur or Old Uigur), have

Hiroshi KUMAMOTO

167

Folk Literature in the Foreign Language Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The usefulness of various forms of folk literature as grammatical, literary, historical, and cultural sources in foreign language teaching is discussed and guidelines are suggested for classroom implementation. Although the focus is on folk or fairy tales, folk literature is defined to encompass myths, local legends, saints' legends, children's…

Bagg, Mary Beth

168

Mexican Banditry and Discourses of Class: The Case of Chucho el Roto  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scholarly literature has often characterized the popular bandit Chucho el Roto (1835?-1885) in terms of his legend as Mexico's urban Robin Hood, yet no study has attempted to discern how this legend took root and changed over time. This investigation brings together historical documents and literary texts about Chucho el Roto from the 1880s to the 1920s to analyze changing

Amy Robinson

2009-01-01

169

Mexican Banditry and Discourses of Class: The Case of Chucho el Roto  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scholarly literature has often characterized the popular bandit Chucho el Roto (1835?–1885) in terms of his legend as Mexico's urban Robin Hood, yet no study has attempted to discern how this legend took root and changed over time. This investigation brings together historical documents and literary texts about Chucho el Roto from the 1880s to the 1920s to analyze changing

Amy Robinson

2009-01-01

170

Fossil Folklore from India: The Siwalik Hills and the Mahâbhârata  

Microsoft Academic Search

All over the world, from antiquity to the present, people have often explained fossil discoveries as proof of the historical truth of legends and myths, or used them as a basis for a new legend. Most often, large vertebrate fossils have been explained as bones and teeth of giant humans, dragons and monsters, saints and heroes. Smaller invertebrate fossils were

Alexandra van der Geer; Michael Dermitzakis; John de Vos

2008-01-01

171

Fire in the Sea  

Microsoft Academic Search

The legend of the lost city of Atlantis has captivated the human imagination for centuries. Did this city actually exist, and, if so, what happened to it? Was it destroyed in the greatest cataclysmic event of the Bronze Age? While the truth behind the legend of Atlantis may never be known, Fire in the Sea tells the story of one

Walter L. Friedrich

2000-01-01

172

Learning Styles and Lessons from the Medicine Wheel: A Native American Philosophy, a Proposed Integrated Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Medicine Wheel is a Native American legend in which a circle contains countless points each of which represents a different, yet valid, perspective on the nature of reality. According to the Medicine Wheel legend, the north offers the gift of wisdom, the east offers illumination, the south offers innocence, and the west offers introspection.…

Murk, Peter J.; And Others

173

The Greek origin of caduceum: Ćsculapius  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Introduction: Medicine history gives us the chance to reflect about the Caduceus as the synthesis of the dialectic of the sensible and spiritual life. This opens and horizon of comprehension and allow us to recover the legend of Asclepius and it's cult with the different symbolic elements that structure it. The legend: The historic and mythological references about Asclepius'

ARTURO G. RILLO

174

Coyote in the Classroom: The Use of American Indian Oral Tradition with Young Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Stories from oral tradition such as legends, myths, and fairy tales may more fully describe reality than any newscast for young children. As Bruno Bettelheim points out, stories meet the psychological need of all human children. The Yakima Indian legend "When Mosquitos Ate People" can be used in a flannel board story telling setting with young…

Tafoya, Terry

175

Airborne gamma-Ray Spectrometer and Magnetometer Survey: Monument Valley A, Utah, Detail Area. Volume II B. Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Volume II B contains appendices for: flight line maps; geology maps; explanation of geologic legend; flight line/geology maps; radiometric contour maps; magnetic contour maps; multi-variant analysis maps; and geochemical factor analysis maps. (ERA citatio...

1983-01-01

176

19 CFR 18.4 - Sealing conveyances and compartments; labeling packages; warning cards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...prevent violations of Customs laws. The bonded carrier...violations of the Customs laws and regulations. ...the following legend in black or white lettering of a...printed in large, clear, black letters the following:...

2010-04-01

177

19 CFR 18.4 - Sealing conveyances and compartments; labeling packages; warning cards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...prevent violations of Customs laws. The bonded carrier...violations of the Customs laws and regulations. ...the following legend in black or white lettering of a...printed in large, clear, black letters the following:...

2009-04-01

178

Airborne gamma-Ray Spectrometer and Magnetometer Survey: Prescott A, AZ, Detail Area. Volume II B. Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This volume contains eight appendices: flight line maps, geology maps, explanation of geologic legend, flight line/geology maps, radiometric contour maps, magnetic contour maps, multi-variant analysis maps, and geochemical factor analysis maps. (ERA citat...

1983-01-01

179

Story Telling in the Reading Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Suggests that teachers use gothic tales, Indian legends, and other appealing stories to develop students' schema for the literature they will eventually read. Explains how to use storytelling effectively. (FL)|

Nessel, Denise D.

1985-01-01

180

From the Rainbow Crow To Polar Bears: Introducing Science Concepts through Children's Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes an activity that integrates chemistry, physics, and a Native American legend to help students imitate the thought processes of scientists who have observed chemical decomposition and the refraction of light. Includes a laboratory experiment for sugar decomposition. (DKM)|

Burns, John Eric

1997-01-01

181

15 CFR 30.7 - Annotating the bill of lading, air waybill, or other commercial loading documents with proof of...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...citations, exemption or exclusions legends. (c) Exports of rough diamonds classified under HS subheadings 7102.10, 7102.21, and 7102.31, in accordance with the Clean Diamond Trade Act, will require the proof of filing citation, as...

2012-01-01

182

15 CFR 30.7 - Annotating the bill of lading, air waybill, or other commercial loading documents with proof of...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...citations, exemption or exclusions legends. (c) Exports of rough diamonds classified under HS subheadings 7102.10, 7102.21, and 7102.31, in accordance with the Clean Diamond Trade Act, will require the proof of filing citation, as...

2013-01-01

183

12 CFR 338.3 - Nondiscriminatory advertising.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

(1) With respect to written and visual advertisements, this requirement may be satisfied by including in the advertisement a copy of the logotype with the Equal Housing Lender legend contained in the Equal Housing Lender poster prescribed in §...

2010-01-01

184

Children's Books on India and the Indian-American Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lists recommended books that focus on Indians and the Indian-American experience in the United States. Includes folktales, myths, legends, nonfiction, fiction and titles published in India. Suggests how to select titles for classroom or library. (MMU)

Singleton Taylor, Gail; Sreenivasan, Jyotsna; Toke, Arun N.

1998-01-01

185

Problems With Using Microsoft Excel for Statistics  

Microsoft Academic Search

deemingfeatures either!)Scatterplots represent bread-and-butter graphs forvisualizing relationships between variables.Scatterplots Should Have:4 Good Choice of Axes4 Meaningful Legends4 No False Third DimensionsHowever, Excel's default scatterplots leave much to bedesired. In the following example two data points havebeen covered up by the axis labels. Can you find them?And is the legend displayed to the right of the graphuseful? Note that there is

Jonathan D. Cryer

2001-01-01

186

Topographic Map Symbols  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource describes what a topographic map is, how to read them, and what the symbols shown on maps and their legends mean. Contour lines, intervals, depth curves, and color meanings are discussed. There is also a legend showing examples of each symbol by category: elevation, boundaries, land surface features (mines, vegetation), water features (reefs, channels), buildings and related features (airports, schools), and roads, railroads and others (pipelines, bridges).

187

SiC formation and influence on the morphology of polycrystalline silicon thin films on graphite substrates produced by zone melting recrystallization 1 This paper was originally published in Thin Solid Films 326 (1998) 175–179. 1 2 The publisher regrets that the legends for Figs. 2–8 were erroneously interchanged during the processing of this article. The article is reprinted here in full. 2 3 The PII of the original article: S0040-6090(98)00523-9. 3  

Microsoft Academic Search

Polycrystalline silicon thin films for photovoltaic applications are produced by a zone melting recrystallization process by means of a line electron beam. During this process carbon atoms of the graphite substrate dissolve in the silicon melt. Because of the high temperatures in the molten silicon, molecular silicon carbide is formed. It crystallizes at the melt interfaces to the vacuum and

S. Hauttmann; T. Kunze; J. Müller

1999-01-01

188

Basketball and Blitzes Lead to Innovations at Boyd Converting MassMEP Helps Company Increase Productivity and Gain Competitive Edge SOUTH LEE, MA - Boyd Converting Inc, a South Lee, Massachusetts manufacturer of non- woven and specialty papers for products like coffee filters and bandages is a growing company. One reason for the company's success is its commitment to continuous improvement and innovation and you might say another reason is basketball legend Walt Frazier  

Microsoft Academic Search

Always looking for new methods to make quality upgrades, Andy Diamond, an executive from Boyd had talked with several manufacturing resource and training organizations but had not found one he felt fit his company's needs. Diamond intended to talk with the Manufacturing Extension Partnership (MassMEP) and even had the business card of Susan Janus a MassMEP Project Manager, but had

Jack Healy

189

The Tlingit Indians of Southeastern Alaska: Social Studies Unit for Elementary Grades. Teacher's Manual [And] Kiksadi Dog Salmon Legend [And] Halibut Fishing [And] How Raven Stole the Light: A Radio Play [And] Raven, The Old Woman of the Tides, and the Sea Urchins: A Puppet Play [And] Raven and the Fog Woman [And] The Legendary Adventures of Raven [And] A Tlingit Uncle and His Nephews [And] Three Brothers [And] Lingit Aanee....  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part of a series designed to introduce the culture of the Alaskan Indians to elementary school students, the unit contains materials related to seasonal Tlingit activities and a guide for elementary classroom teachers to implement the student materials. The guide describes the format of the unit, suggests activities, lists resource materials, and…

Partnow, Patricia H.; And Others

190

The Tlingit Indians of Southeastern Alaska: Social Studies Unit for Elementary Grades. Teacher's Manual [And] Kiksadi Dog Salmon Legend [And] Halibut Fishing [And] How Raven Stole the Light: A Radio Play [And] Raven, The Old Woman of the Tides, and the Sea Urchins: A Puppet Play [And] Raven and the Fog Woman [And] The Legendary Adventures of Raven [And] A Tlingit Uncle and His Nephews [And] Three Brothers [And] Lingit Aanee....  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Part of a series designed to introduce the culture of the Alaskan Indians to elementary school students, the unit contains materials related to seasonal Tlingit activities and a guide for elementary classroom teachers to implement the student materials. The guide describes the format of the unit, suggests activities, lists resource materials, and…

Partnow, Patricia H.; And Others

191

Quaternary Faults and Folds by State and Region  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive map of the United states provides access to maps of Quaternary faults and folds by state or region (for example, the Gulf Coast). Clicking on the colored areas of the map links the user to state/regional maps and further, to 1x2 degree sheets for each area. On the sheets, users can find faults numbered and indexed to a legend. Links from the legend provide access to written information, where available, for each fault. There are three levels of written reports, ranging from a brief synopsis to a "complete" report that includes references.

192

Reading Aloud to Children in Chamorro. [Audiotape].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This series of audiotapes (cassettes) uses a legend from different island communities in the Pacific to model ways parents can read with their children. English is on one side, Chamorro-- the indigenous language of the inhabitants of Guam and the other Mariana Islands--is on the other. (Author/KFT)

Pacific Resources for Education and Learning, Honolulu, HI.

193

Cautionary tales: Drug-facilitated sexual assault in the British media  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the cultural construction of drug-facilitated sexual assault (DFSA) in the British media. We consider the relationship between media reporting and belief in routine DFSA, and look at the ways in which DFSA is presented and received as a legitimate, plausible, and credible threat. As a media story, DFSA shares certain characteristics of the ‘crime legend’ and the

Sarah E H Moore

2009-01-01

194

Cannibal margarine and reactionary SnappleA comparative examination of rumors about commodities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article surveys rumors and `contemporary legends' concerned with the contamination or adulteration of various commodities. The article compares common Euro-American folktales like the `Kentucky Fried Rat' or stories concerned with the explosive effects of Pop Rocks with southern African rumors about will-sapping sugar and cannibalistic tinned meat. The global prevalence of such rumors suggests that they represent a shared

Timothy Burke

1998-01-01

195

Making Personal Maps  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Many students have difficulty relating to distances as expressed on maps. In this activity, students will make maps of the area between their homes and school, determine the distance (with which they are already familiar), and provide a legend and scale. As an extension, they can try using each others' maps to see if they can navigate from school to a friend's house.

196

Computer Forensics and Privacy: At What Price Do We Police the Internet?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Like the djinn of legend, once the genie is out of the bottle, its power is unleashed for both good and evil. Our interconnectivity through the Internet enables cost- effective data transmission to almost any point on the planet. When the data facilitates lawful commerce or promotes human rights, the enchan ting magic validates the technology. When the data facilitates

Ralph Spencer Poore

2000-01-01

197

Medicine Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Described as a survival manual for Indian women in medicine, this collected work contains diverse pieces offering inspiration and practical advice for Indian women pursuing or considering careers in medicine. Introductory material includes two legends symbolizing the Medicine or Spirit Woman's role in Indian culture and an overview of Indians…

Beiswenger, James N., Ed.; Jeanotte, Holly, Ed.

198

Stimulating Creative Writing Through Literature: A Guide for Teachers of the Intermediate Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A structured writing program for the intermediate grades was designed, utilizing such children's literature as poems, legends, fairy tales, tall tales, and books to stimulate elementary school children to write creatively. Chapters in the teacher's guide for the program present many specific suggestions and activities to help children (1) use…

Pilon, Alice Barbara Cummings

199

Collateral Learning and Mathematical Education of Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the notion of collateral learning in the context of classic ideas about the summation of powers of the first "n" counting numbers. Proceeding from the well-known legend about young Gauss, this article demonstrates the value of reflection under the guidance of "the more knowledgeable other" as a pedagogical method of making…

Abramovich, Sergei

2012-01-01

200

Walking the Good Red Road: Storytelling in the Counseling Relationship Using the Film "Dreamkeeper"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Counselors frequently use storytelling as a therapeutic technique. Stories allow people to find meaning and form connections by expressing the thoughts and feelings that are sometimes difficult to articulate. The film, "Dreamkeeper," presents a series of American Indian legends woven throughout the main story of a journey undertaken by a young man…

Harper, Faith G.

2010-01-01

201

The Infinite in the Finite  

Microsoft Academic Search

A conversation between Euclid and the ghost of Socrates. . . the paths of the moon and the sun charted by the stone-builders of ancient Europe. . .the Greek ideal of the golden mean by which they measured beauty. . . Combining historical fact with a retelling of ancient myths and legends, this lively and engaging book describes the historical,

Alistair Macintosh Wilson

1996-01-01

202

There's Plenty to See Down South  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The article describes astronomy in the southern hemisphere. Modern telescopes at observatories in Chile, South Africa, and Australia perform important astronomical research. Ancient people in Egypt studied the night sky and legends of the Bushmen showed their early interest in astronomy. Asteroid impact craters are available for viewing in both Australia and Africa.

Yeld, John

2002-11-01

203

Gagiwdul.at: Brought Forth To Reconfirm. The Legacy of a Taku River Tlingit Clan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The six legends told here, in Tlingit on the left page and in English on the right page, are told by Elizabeth Nyman, a Tlingit elder of the Taku River clan. The narratives represent a portion of the clan's oral history. Introductory sections provide some historical background concerning the clan, the story teller, and the traditions with which…

Nyman, Elizabeth; Leer, Jeff

204

Books That Build Character. A Guide To Teaching Your Child Moral Values through Stories. A Make a Difference Foundation Book.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book is a family guide to classic novels, historical fiction, fables and fairy tales, contemporary fiction, myths and legends, science fiction and fantasy, folktales, sacred texts, picture books, biographies, books for holiday/holy days, and many other books that celebrate virtues and values. Included are more than 300 titles, each featuring…

Kilpatrick, William; And Others

205

Phosphorus Solubilizing Bacteria: Occurrence, Mechanisms and their Role in Crop Production  

Microsoft Academic Search

Plants acquire phosphorus from soil solution as pho sphate anion. It is the least mobile element in pla nt and soil contrary to other macronutrients. It precipitates i n soil as orthophosphate or is adsorbed by Fe and Al oxides through legend exchange. Phosphorus solubilizing bacteria play role in phosphorus nutrition by enhanci ng its availability to plants through release

Ahmad Ali Khan; Ghulam Jilani; Mohammad Saleem Akhtar; Syed Muhammad Saqlan; Mohammad Rasheed

206

22 CFR 204.42 - Notice.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...legend. Telex Nos.: ITT 440001 (Answer back is AIDWNDC) RCA 248379 (Answer back is 248379 AID UR) WU 892703 (Answer back is AID WSH) WU 64154 (Answer back is AID 64154) Fax No.: 202/647-4958 Cable Address: AID WASH DC...

2009-04-01

207

22 CFR 204.42 - Notice.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...legend. Telex Nos.: ITT 440001 (Answer back is AIDWNDC) RCA 248379 (Answer back is 248379 AID UR) WU 892703 (Answer back is AID WSH) WU 64154 (Answer back is AID 64154) Fax No.: 202/647-4958 Cable Address: AID WASH DC...

2010-04-01

208

Archimedes of Syracuse (287-212 BC)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Greek scientists and mathematician, born in Syracuse. Remembered for Archimedes' screw, used for raising water, and his cry of eureka (`I have found it') when he discovered, according to legend while in the bath, the principle of the hydrostatic upthrust on a floating body (Archimedes' principle). Discovered formulae for the areas and volumes of spheres, cylinders and a variety of figures. Most o...

Murdin, P.

2000-11-01

209

New Directions in Theatre for Young People: A Report on the Recent Work of REM Theatre in Sydney.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines new directions in theater for young people by profiling work of the "REM" theater company in Sydney, Australia. The company's second production for children is based on the myths, legends, and performance techniques of Fijian villagers. The company's productions involve a carefully constructed process that introduces the young audience to…

Nicholls, Jennifer A.

1993-01-01

210

Digital Paper Technologies for Topographical Applications.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper examines three different methods for collecting GIS attribute-value data using digital pen and paper maps and forms. Users create features on a digital paper map by ticking the legend entry for that feature on the map with a digital pen, and th...

M. Robin M. Trapp-Petty P. R. Cohen

2011-01-01

211

Mite, sage, epos en sprokie: Die transformasie van tradisionele patrone in twee Afrikaanse romans uit 1991  

Microsoft Academic Search

It was more than sixty years ago that Vladimir Propp and Andre Jolles published their formalistic viewpoints on the basic structure of simple tales. Propp researched the fairy tale or Russian “wondertale”; Jolles tried to describe a typical schematic pattern that is present in simple forms like the “Legende, Sage, Mythe, Ratsel, Spruch, Kasus, Memorabile, Marchen, Witz”. Since then Formalism

Henriette Roos

1993-01-01

212

Mythical animals: a reference pathfinder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Provides direction for researchers and collection developers to locate sources of information on mythical, fantastical and symbolic creatures of world folklore and legends and their documentation in primary and secondary texts. Focussing on mythological animals, gives prominence to the unicorn and the dragon as the two most universal and symbolically important creatures, and to sources which concentrate on their status

Karen Ulric

1996-01-01

213

Validating the results of a route choice simulator  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the validation of a route choice simulator known as VLADIMIR (Variable Legend Assessment Device for Interactive Measurement of Individual Route choice). VLADIMIR is an interactive computer-based tool designed to study drivers’ route choice behaviour. It has been extensively used to obtain data on route choice in the presence of information sources such as Variable Message Signs or

Peter Bonsall; Paul Firmin; Monica Anderson; Ian Palmer; Peter Balmforth

1997-01-01

214

Bir söylence, iki yapit : Uzaktaki Prenses ve Uzaktan A?k  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study first expands on the biography of Jaufré Rudel that has become a legend. The concept of love that was prevalent in the literature of the courts of the 12th Century (courtly love) and the status of women in the literature are delineated along with the change in the social condition of the noble women in South France. Finally,

Gül Tekay BAYSAN

2006-01-01

215

Reading Aloud to Children in Ilocano. [Audiotape].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This series of audiotapes (cassettes) uses a legend from different island communities in the Pacific to model ways parents can read with their children. English is on one side, and Ilocano--the indigenous language of the inhabitants of northwestern Luzon, Mindoro, Mindanao, Philippines--is on the other. (Author/KFT)|

Pacific Resources for Education and Learning, Honolulu, HI.

216

30 CFR 77.310 - Control panels.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...in such a manner as to minimize vibration. (b) A schematic diagram containing legends which show the location of each thermocouple, pressure tap, or other control or gaging instrument in the drying system shall be posted on or near the control...

2013-07-01

217

Generalship of Giap--The Myths and the Realities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Vo Nguyen Giap has served for thirty years as commander of North Vietnam's Armed Forces, and has become something of a legend for his stunning defect of the French at Dien Bien Phu in 1954, and now recently for the TET Offensive of 1968 which shocked the ...

D. M. Eye

1973-01-01

218

The treatment of the Negro in the novels of Louisiana, 1920--1940  

Microsoft Academic Search

The South, composed of whatever regions in the United States happen to fall below an arbitrary marking known as the Mason and Dixon line, has a widespread reputation for provinciality. Clinging in legend and actuality to the remembered glories of a departed order, it has come to be accepted as the region wherein new trends penetrate most slowly, encountered as

Elaine Elizabeth Douglas

1940-01-01

219

Fashioning and Refashioning Marie Laveau in American Memory and Imagination  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fashioning and Refashioning Marie Laveau in American Memory and Imagination follows the life and literary presence of the legendary figure, Marie Laveau. This female spiritualist lived in antebellum Louisiana from 1801-1881. After her death, her legend has continued to grow as evidenced by her presence in contemporary print and pop culture and the tens of thousands of visitors to her

Tatia Jacobson Jordan

2009-01-01

220

Inventions: Waiting for Eureka  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Legend has it that when Archimedes made a discovery related to water displacement, he leapt out of a bath declaring, "Eureka!" Whether true or not, the tale serves as a symbol for the notion that a burst of inspiration can lead to an exciting new discovery. Most books about inventions, however, tell a different story. The path from the germ of an…

Engelfried, Steven

2010-01-01

221

Soviet Ethnic Problems and American National Interests.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In Uzbekistan there is a legend that one day Tamerlane will return to free the land around his ancient capital of Samarkand from the heavy hand of its oppressor. It is said he will ride down from the hills with his angry horde sweeping all before him. He ...

W. D. Henry

1990-01-01

222

Online Courses: AMNH Seminars on Science: Sharks and Rays  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Long featured in myths and legends, sharks may be one of the most readily recognized marine species. But did you know that rays are one of their closest relatives? Join Museum scientist Dr. Marcelo Carvalho in his study of fossil and living sharks and ray

1900-01-01

223

46 CFR 98.25-15 - Markings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...PROVISIONS FOR CERTAIN DANGEROUS CARGOES IN BULK Anhydrous Ammonia in Bulk § 98.25-15 Markings. (a) Cargo tanks...required to be stamped on the tank, the legend, âAnhydrous Ammoniaâ shall be conspicuously and legibly marked upon the...

2012-10-01

224

Forget the Gipper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Before, a coach was considered as the gray-haired legend who packed the display cases with trophies or the soft-spoken father figure who always had time to listen. A coach may even be loved, or at least respected from a distance. When their teenagers take the plunge into high school sports, parents often expect the coach to be a surrogate parent…

Manos, Keith

2003-01-01

225

Strategies for shifting technological systems : the case of the automobile system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Californian and Dutch efforts to produce electric vehicles are explored and compared. Three strategies are put forward that could turn electric vehicles from an elusive legend, a plaything, into a marketable product: technology forcing creating a market of early promises, experiments geared towards niche development and upscaling (strategic niche management), and the creation of new alliances (technological nexus) which bring

Johan Schot; Remco Hoogma; Boelie Elzen

1994-01-01

226

Corrections and clarifications.  

PubMed

In the table in the article "Can sustainable farming win the battle of the bottom line?" by Bob Holmes (Environment & the Economy, 25 June, p. 1893), the second and third lines in the legend should have read, "Alt. #1: conventional corn-soybean rotation with reduced tillage. Alt. #2: organic corn-beans-(wheat + clover)-clover-corn rotation with reduced tillage." PMID:17745338

1993-09-10

227

Reading Aloud to Children in Ilocano. [Audiotape].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This series of audiotapes (cassettes) uses a legend from different island communities in the Pacific to model ways parents can read with their children. English is on one side, and Ilocano--the indigenous language of the inhabitants of northwestern Luzon, Mindoro, Mindanao, Philippines--is on the other. (Author/KFT)

Pacific Resources for Education and Learning, Honolulu, HI.

228

Teaching Map Skills: An Inductive Approach. Part Four.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Satisfactory completion of this self-contained map exercise will demonstrate student ability to use symbols, legends, scale, orientation, index, and grid in map reading and map use to give directions for way-finding. The exercise should take one class period to complete. (RM)|

Anderson, Jeremy

1985-01-01

229

Two Old Women: Occupation of Resolving Life Crisis in Old Age  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a person ages and accumulates life experience, the person becomes a unique occupational being. While people develop their own life styles, repeating and recreating life continuity while meeting life’s events, their personalities and strategies tend to become strong, sometimes rigid. The presentation, “Two old women”, is titled after an Alaskan legend of Inuit women (Wallis, 1993) who experienced a

Etsuko Odawara; Mari Sakaue

2008-01-01

230

Genetics, History, and Identity: The Case of the Bene Israel and the Lemba  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper examines the impact of genetic research on the religious identity of the Bene Israel Indian Jewish community and the Lemba Judaising group of southern Africa. It demonstrates how DNA tests which happened to support the possibility of the communities' legends of origin affected their self-perception, the way they are viewed by their neighbors, and their image in the

Tudor Parfitt; Yulia Egorova

2005-01-01

231

Medical and neuropsychiatric aspects of lycanthropy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The metamorphosis of human beings into wolves is well known in mythology, legend, and scripture, and has been extensively surveyed in history, theology, and literature. Werewolf cases have attracted the attention of both ancient and modern physicians, particularly during the development of modern psychiatry and behavioral neurology. Some writers have suggested that lycanthropes suffered from schizophrenia or had intentionally or

Miles E. Drake

1992-01-01

232

FEAR, HONOUR AND SHAME. HORROR FICTIONS OF THE 1950S AND 1960S  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article analyses horror stories and legends about a sausage factories and about a woman who killed her children at her lover's insistence, told in a small Estonian town in the 1950s and 1960s. Presenting one's self and memories is often a strategy for altering data. Certain events or stereotypic stories of fear, dishonouring or shame can be told as

Mare Kőiva

233

Criticisms of Segal's Interpretation of the Ancient Greek Pentathlon.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines the ancient Greek pentathlon as it was conducted during the Olympic games. The pentathlon was comprised of five sub-exercises: (1) the jump; (2) the discus throw; (3) the javelin throw; (4) the stade run; and (5) wrestling. Using scholarship in the fields of archaeology, ancient poetry and legends, and pictorial evidence such…

Barney, Robert Knight

234

Seneca Storybook=Onodowa'ga' Gaga: Sho'o'h.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Featuring supernatural events and relationship between man and nature, this collection of 15 Seneca stories is presented in English and Seneca versions with 12 full-page illustrations. The stories are adaptations from "Seneca Fiction, Legends and Myths" originally compiled by Jeremiah Curtain and J. N. B. Hewitt following field research in…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Bilingual Education.

235

Australian Aboriginal Dreaming Stories: A Chronological Bibliography of Published Works 1789-1991  

Microsoft Academic Search

The bibliography lists published works relating to Aboriginal stories which have been labelled by non-Aboriginal Australians with a variety of terms: myths or mythology, legends, fairy tales, superstitions, fables, traditions, stories, dreamtime stories, narratives or even ghost stories. Preference is now given to the use of the term ‘dreaming stories’. For a discussion of the various definitions and classifications of

Michael K. Organ

1994-01-01

236

Arthur Ashe Jr. Sports Scholars Awards 2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Diverse: Issues In Higher Education" established the Sports Scholars Awards to honor undergraduate students of color who have made achieving both academically and athletically a winning combination. Inspired by tennis legend Arthur Ashe Jr.'s commitment to education as well as his love for the game of tennis, they invite every college and…

Elfman, Lois; Ford, William J.

2010-01-01

237

Using Video Games in Science Instruction: Pedagogical, Social, and Concept-Related Aspects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The potential of using video games to promote learning in classrooms is gaining recognition, but few studies have explored how video games impact teaching and learning in science classrooms. This manuscript reports on the implementation of the video game Nano Legends in four grade 8 science classes in Ontario. Data sources included interviews with teachers and students, classroom observations, online

Kamini Jaipal; Candace Figg

2009-01-01

238

Fundamentalist religion and the moral crusade against Satanism: The social construction of deviant behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a symbolic interactionist model of the social dynamics of moral crusades to define a new form of deviant behavior. It identifies the collective behavior processes through which a contemporary legend leads to the social construction of deviant behavior, particularly when underlying sources of social stress activate the search for scapegoats. The cognitive content of scapegoating is constructed

Jeffrey S. Victor

1994-01-01

239

Digital geomorphological landslide hazard mapping of the Alpago area, Italy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Large-scale geomorphological maps of mountainous areas are traditionally made using complex symbol-based legends. They can serve as excellent “geomorphological databases”, from which an experienced geomorphologist can extract a large amount of information for hazard mapping. However, these maps are not designed to be used in combination with a GIS, due to their complex cartographic structure. In this paper, two methods

Cees J van Westen; Rob Soeters; Koert Sijmons

2000-01-01

240

Dying in Cross-Cultural Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews research and presents case studies discussing aspects of suicide, death, and grief among the people of New Guinea, Vanuatu (a Canadian Hutterite colony), rural Tennessee, Ireland, and among American Indians. Rituals, myths, and legends are described in the eight articles of this special issue. (JAC)|

Stephenson, Peter H., Ed.

1984-01-01

241

Beyond Social Constructionism: A Structural Analysis of the Cultural Significance of the Child Star  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article challenges the dominance of social constructionist theories of childhood by presenting a structural analysis of the child star as a recurrent, universal feature in the myths and legends of the world. The article argues that by conceptualising our understanding of children and childhood as being due solely to the socio-historical…

O'Connor, Jane

2009-01-01

242

\\  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the actual spot in Cooperstown where Abner Doubleday did not invent baseball stands a statue of a farm boy with a baseball bat. This barefoot boy in overalls and a straw hat is as mythically symbolic as the Doubleday legend itself. The pastoral image represented by the statue grows logically out of the Doubleday myth, a myth that had

Steven M. Gelber

243

Writing New Mexico WhiteA Critical Analysis of Early Representations of New Mexico in Technical Writing  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, the authors analyze early technical documents produced by the New Mexico Bureau of Immigration (NMBI), including “The Legend of Montezuma” and “Illustrated New Mexico.” The purpose of these documents are clear: to increase the number of white Americans to create a clear white majority when New Mexico became a state and thereby prevent the Mexicans from gaining

Jennifer Ramirez Johnson; Octavio Pimentel; Charise Pimentel

2008-01-01

244

Accretion of Oman and United Arab Emirates ophiolite – Discussion of a new structural map  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is altogether an extended legend for the folded maps incorporated in this volume, a review of the current knowledge on the Oman-United Arab Emirates ophiolite belt, and a new synthesis at the scale of the entire belt. Following a brief description of the petrological and structural units composing the ophiolite, the content of the three structural maps (planar

A. Nicolas; F. Boudier; B. Ildefonse; E. Ball

2000-01-01

245

Global Pursuits: The Underground Railroad  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief article describes Charles T. Webber's oil on canvas painting, "The Underground Railroad, 1893." The subject of this painting is the Underground Railroad, which today has become an American legend. The Underground Railroad was not a systematic means of transportation, but rather a secretive process that allowed fugitive slaves to escape…

School Arts: The Art Education Magazine for Teachers, 2004

2004-01-01

246

Pre-Service Biology Teachers' and Primary School Students' Attitudes toward and Knowledge about Snakes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Snakes are controversial animals emblazoned by legends, but also endangered as a result of human prejudice and fear. The author investigated gender and age-related differences in attitudes to and knowledge of snakes comparing samples of school children and pre-service teachers. It was found that although pre-service teachers had better knowledge…

Tomazic, Iztok

2011-01-01

247

These Things I Will Remember: The Troyes Martyrdom and Collective Memory  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1288, thirteen Jews were martyred in Troyes in the county of Champagne. Two elegies about the event—one in Hebrew, one in Old French—are attributed to Jacob bar Judah of Lorraine. In this essay, I present evidence that Jacob leaned on both the Song of Roland and the Legend of the Ten Martyrs in his constructions of the martyrdom so

Kirsten A. Fudeman

2009-01-01

248

These Things I Will Remember: The Troyes Martyrdom and Collective Memory  

Microsoft Academic Search

:In 1288, thirteen Jews were martyred in Troyes in the county of Champagne. Two elegies about the event—one in Hebrew, one in Old French—are attributed to Jacob bar Judah of Lorraine. In this essay, I present evidence that Jacob leaned on both the Song of Roland and the Legend of the Ten Martyrs in his constructions of the martyrdom so

Kirsten A. Fudeman

2009-01-01

249

Classical Mythology for Teachers of English.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A knowledge of the major myths and legends will be an invaluable asset to the student in acquiring a richer and deeper appreciation of his reading, be t in English or a foreign language. The teacher must treat the material systematically, starting with the creation of the primal power out of chaos and the struggles for power which ultimately lead…

Mayerson, Philip

250

Big holy dog: The wolf in North American literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

Big Holy Dog examines the full range of North American prose “wolf stories,” including children's literature; novels and short fiction; oral narratives of the Pawnee, Kwaikutl, Micmac, and several other tribes; essays; and biological reports. European influences on Euro-North American narratives, from Norse cosmogonic myths to medieval European legends, receive some attention. A large section is devoted to wolf biology

Sean Kipling Robisch

1998-01-01

251

Chrétien De Troyes: Boundless Love, The Importance Of Marriage, And History Reflected In The Works Of Chrétien De Troyes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Arguably the most significant poet of the twelfth century, Chrétien de Troyes composed five Arthurian legends that altered not only the course of medieval romantic literature, but changed the perceptions that medieval audiences had toward love and marriage. Chrétien captured the majesty of King Arthur's court while simultaneously presenting love between a man and a woman as a powerful, ennobling

Angeline Patel

2011-01-01

252

Love, Loss and Magic: Connecting Author and Story1  

Microsoft Academic Search

The themes of love, loss and magic have been enduring themes in fairytales, myths, legends and fantasy within the genre of children's literature. These stories frequently depict young protagonists who have been ‘orphaned’ in some way—for example, through death, betrayal, absence, rejection or unexplained disappearance. In many of these narratives an important feature is the power of the story to

Diane M. Duncan

2007-01-01

253

46 CFR 153.1045 - Inorganic acids.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Inorganic acids. When Table 1 refers to this section, the person in charge of cargo transfer shall ensure that the legends âNO SMOKINGâ and âNO OPEN LIGHTSâ are displayed on the warning sign required in § 153.955(a) when cargo is...

2011-10-01

254

46 CFR 153.1045 - Inorganic acids.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Inorganic acids. When Table 1 refers to this section, the person in charge of cargo transfer shall ensure that the legends âNO SMOKINGâ and âNO OPEN LIGHTSâ are displayed on the warning sign required in § 153.955(a) when cargo is...

2012-10-01

255

Early Childhood in the New China: Suzhou  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suzhou is one hour to the West of Shanghai, and one of China's most interesting cities, famous for its silks, canals, and scholar gardens. According to a popular legend, Marco Polo is reputed to have said, "In heaven there is paradise, and on earth, Hangzhou and Suzhou." As the city rapidly expands, the issue of early childhood education is a…

Kalinowski, Michael

2010-01-01

256

Controversy over the great flood hypotheses in the Black Sea in light of geological, paleontological, and archaeological evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Legends describing a Great Flood are found in the narratives of several world religions, and the biblical account of Noah's Flood is the surviving heir to several versions of the ancient Mesopotamian Flood Myth. Recently, the story of the biblical deluge was connected to the Black Sea, together with the suggestion that the story's pre-Mesopotamian origins might be found in

Valentina Yanko-Hombach; Allan S. Gilbert; Pavel Dolukhanov

2007-01-01

257

Hawaiiana Books for Boys and Girls.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This annotated bibliography lists over 200 publications organized under the following headings: (1) Hawaii Yesterday and Today, (2) Hawaii in Story and Legend, (3) Living in Hawaii, and (4) Famous Hawaiians. Appropriate to both elementary and secondary students, the entries range, in type, from travelogs to novels and, in subject, from Hawaiian…

Hawaii State Dept. of Education, Honolulu.

258

Filmic Sports History: Dawn Fraser, Swimming and Australian National Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Among a multitude of social memory representations of Australian swimming legend Dawn Fraser are several films, including a 1979 biopic, Dawn! This paper considers this feature film alongside other examples of filmic history, most particularly a 1964 documentary, The Dawn Fraser Story. While documentaries are generally valued more highly by historians than movies because of the perceived similarity of endeavour

Murray G. Phillips; Gary Osmond

2009-01-01

259

NED KELLY v THE MAN FROM SNOWY RIVER: WHICH FILM INDUCED DESTINATION BRAND TO CHOOSE?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2006 Tourism Victoria announced plans to change the destination brand for the north-east of the state of Victoria in Australia. Formerly 'Legends, Wine and High Country', the new brand will be 'Victoria's High Country'. In adopting this new brand, Tourism Victoria is linking this region with the popular adventure film The Man From Snowy River (1982). Whilst a fictional

Warwick Frost

260

Religion, Heritage, and Politics: Literary Representations of St. Patrick's Purgatory in Spain During the 1620s and the Agenda of the Irish Émigrés Behind Them  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1627–28, the legend of St. Patrick's Purgatory served as inspiration for three literary works: Vida y purgatorio de San Patricio (1627) by Juan Pérez de Montalbán, El mayor prodigio y purgatorio en la vida (1627) by Lope de Vega, and El purgatorio de San Patricio (1628) by Pedro Calderón de la Barca. This curious phenomenon has intrigued scholars for

Fernando Gómez

2012-01-01

261

Geological mapping of the moon  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new 1:5,000,000 scale geological map of the moon has been compiled at the Geological Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences. This paper gives a brief description of the legend of this map, and compares this map to previous geological maps compiled at the Geological Institute.

Sukhanov, A. L.

262

14 CFR 1274.905 - Rights in data.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...are likely, a different set of provisions may be...paragraphs dealing with data first produced under...disclosure and use of: (i) Data not identified with a suitable notice or legend as set in paragraph (b)(2...Information contained in any Data for which...

2013-01-01

263

A Season on the Reservation: My Sojourn with the White Mountain Apache.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this book, basketball legend Kareem Abdul-Jabbar tells of one basketball season when he coached a high school team on the White Mountain Apache Reservation (Arizona). Tired of life in Los Angeles, disillusioned with pro basketball, and devastated by the death of his mother, Abdul-Jabbar accepted an invitation to coach the team at Alchesay High…

Abdul-Jabbar, Kareem; Singular, Stephen

264

Basic Measures of Progress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document provides a compilation of measures of progress toward school readiness and three contributing conditions as used in several local, state, and national surveys. The report begins with a legend listing the surveys examined, their acronyms, and contact information. The remainder of the report, in tabular format, lists measures of…

Calkins, Julia; Ling, Thomson; Moore, Eric; Halle, Tamara; Hair, Beth; Moore, Kris; Zaslow, Marty

265

Nuclear Standards Master Index, January-June 1984  

SciTech Connect

This index provides a complete list, organized by standard numbers, of all assigned NE numbers, their title, issue date, amendment number and date, issue date of the superseded standard if any, standards writer/cognizant engineer, DOE/cognizant engineer, and a remarks column which reflects the current status of the standard (see legend).

Not Available

1984-07-20

266

Neil Gaiman's American Gods: An Outsider's Critique of American Culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2001, Neil Gaiman published American Gods, a novel of American life and mythology. As a British author living in the United States, Gaiman has a powerful vantage point from which to critique American culture, landscape, and ideology. Rich with re-invented deities, legends, mythic creatures, and folk heroes cast in a decidedly American mold, American Gods examines the American character,

Mark Hill

2005-01-01

267

The Sacred Calf Pipe.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Tells how the author learned of and recorded the list of Sioux tribe members who have kept the White Buffalo Calf Pipe. Reviews the legend surrounding the origin of the pipe and describes the succession of pipe-keepers and how they inherit the pipe. (Author/AEM)|

Simms, Thomas E.

1987-01-01

268

Cultural dimension of wolves in the Iberian Peninsula: implications of ethnozoology in conservation biology  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the Iberian Peninsula, the coexistence between pastoral communities and wolves has given origin to a rich ethnographic heritage, expressed in myths and legends, practices related to medical uses of wolf parts, and constructions for hunting wolves. This article assesses such cultural dimension through interviews with inhabitants, field prospecting and a literature review. Our review indicates that cultural manifestations related

Francisco Álvares; José Domingues; Pablo Sierra; Pedro Primavera

2011-01-01

269

Soap, Fatty Acids, and Synthetic Detergents  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The origin of the word "soap" is traced to sacrificial Mount Sapo of ancient Roman legend. The mixture of fat and wood ashes that reacted to form soap was carried by rain to the banks of the Tiber River and was found as a clay deposit useful for cleaning clothes.1

Chupa, Janine; Misner, Steve; Sachdev, Amit; Smith, George A.

270

Canaanites and Philistines  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Mycenaean pottery made at Ashdod and the other cities of the southern Levant in the twelfth century BCE suggests a significant immigration of South Greek speakers. The immigrants undoubtedly inspired the later legend that 'the Philisti nes' came from Caphtor. In fact, however, their nomenclature suggests that 'Philistines' or Palestinians were initially distinguished from the immigrant ker?tîm or kaptorîm,

Robert Drews

1998-01-01

271

19 CFR 18.4 - Sealing conveyances and compartments; labeling packages; warning cards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...destination) A carrier at its option may omit the last three lines of the above legend from the warning label but if not omitted...of lack of space, a 3Ă5 inch label may be used. A high visibility, pressure-sensitive warning label, whether as a...

2013-04-01

272

"Either a "Hevruta" Partner or Death": A Critical View on the Interpersonal Dimensions of "Hevruta" Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|How might one perceive the role of his or her "hevruta" partner in the "hevruta" learning relationship? Drawing on recent developments in the scholarship of rabbinics, this article offers an interpretation of a Talmudic legend that discusses three forms of interpersonal relationships in "hevruta" learning. Rather than considering "hevruta"…

Holzer, Elie

2009-01-01

273

Containing Energy, Sustaining Agency-Drama in Middle Years.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the author's experience working on a reader's theatre version of a radio play based on the Legend of Sleepy Hollow. Reflects on how the grade 8 students created meaning for themselves and for their audience. Notes limitations of the script and format and her work within those limitations became the structure the group needed, a…

Block, Lee Anne

2003-01-01

274

NASA, the Fisherman's Friend.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Every angler has his secrets, whether it be an old family recipe for stink bait, a midnight worm-hunting ritual, or the most coveted of all, the no-fail fishing hole. Most of these secrets are lore and legend, passed through generations, and coveted more ...

2005-01-01

275

Poetry, Performance, and Art: Udje Dance Songs of Nigeria's Urhobo People  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Malian philosopher Hampaté Bâ states that in Africa, “a dying old man is a burning library” (qtd. in Sallah 35). Traditional African culture is oral, and the literature in the forms of epic, legend, folktale, song, and others is transmitted by word of mouth from one generation to another. Ba’s metaphor of a burning library underscores both the limitations

Tanure Ojaide

2001-01-01

276

Organizational Culture at High Schools in TRNC: A Comparative Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study was conducted to compare the organizational culture in two TRNC schools by using influencing factors of metaphors, physical environment, values, norms, rituals, language, legends and reward systems. To obtain data, a triangulation of participant interviews, observations and written sources were used. Results appear to display that the…

Silman, Fatos; Ozmatyatli, Icim Ozenli; Birol, Cem; Caglar, Mehmet

2012-01-01

277

Stimulating Creative Writing Through Literature: A Guide for Teachers of the Intermediate Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A structured writing program for the intermediate grades was designed, utilizing such children's literature as poems, legends, fairy tales, tall tales, and books to stimulate elementary school children to write creatively. Chapters in the teacher's guide for the program present many specific suggestions and activities to help children (1) use…

Pilon, Alice Barbara Cummings

278

The People Who Were Here Before Speak to the People Here Now.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The value of hearing, contemplating, and remembering the ancient tales of the Seneca Indians of upstate New York is the theme of this paper. Three of the legends, the Storytelling Stone, the Woman Who Fell from the Sky, and Naked Bear, are related by the author. They are considered for their mythic concerns and in terms of their value and relation…

Garvey, James W.

279

CO Maps of the OMC-1 Outflow: Erratum  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the paper "CO Maps of the OMC-1 Outflow" by C. R. Masson, K. Y. Lo, T. G. Phillips, A. I. Sargent, N. Z. Scoville, and D. P. Woody (Ap. J., 319, 446 [1987]), the labels for the solid and dashed contours were transposed in the body of Figure 6. The correct assignments are given in the figure legend.

Masson, C. R.; Lo, K. Y.; Phillips, T. G.; Sargent, A. I.; Scoville, N. Z.; Woody, D. P.

1988-02-01

280

A tale of two cultures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software’s unreliability is the stu of legend. Software Engineering Notes has been entertaining us with tales of failure for years. As long ago as 1968, responding to reports of unusable systems, cost overruns, and outright cancellations, the NATO Science Committee convened a meeting of scientists, industry leaders, and programmers. It was at this conference that the term “software engineering” was

Paul De Palma

2003-01-01

281

Rio Grande Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

At the twentieth century's first light, just as the Rio Grande Project reached completion, the mythic legend of the American West was beginning to wrap its two fists around the collective national conscious. Over the succeeding decades, the words 'Rio Gra...

R. Autobee

1994-01-01

282

The World's Favorite Beverage–Coffee–and Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Coffee, with its aromatic appeal and distinctive flavor, is the world's favorite beverage. Throughout history, coffee has been known to delight and stimulate the senses, comfort the spirit, and encourage conversation and camaraderie. This review explores the legend, history, economics, and health of this drink from its origin in Ethiopia to its worldwide consumption today and summarizes current knowledge on

Linda Nolan

2001-01-01

283

Ballads and Bad Quartos: Oral Tradition and the English Literary Historian  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the historian of late-medieval and Renaissance literature, oral tradition lies provocatively athwart one of the literary canon's more problematic borders. In a fit of gothic enthusiasm ballads were admitted into literary history, but folktales, legends, folk plays, and lyric folksongs merit attention only as possible sources and analogues for literary works, rarely if ever as cultural achievements in their

Thomas Pettitt

2004-01-01

284

Haida Story Telling Time with Activity Folder.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One in a series of curriculum materials on Southeast Alaska Natives, this booklet contains seven myths and legends from the Haida oral tradition, each accompanied by discussion questions and suggested learning activities. Intended for use in the intermediate grades, the stories are two to four pages long with many Haida words included in the text…

Cogo, Robert

285

[Philoctetes--a theme with variations].  

PubMed

The legend of Philoctetes and his snake bite is found in so many versions seen from the most differing aspects, that each new attempt to throw light on this throng of literary and artistic interpretations must be based on the author's personal choice of and attitude to the almost limitless material. Since the time of Homer the legend has spread from ancient Greece across Europe, all the way to the utmost northern base of our culture; very early the tradition of the famous archer of the Trojan war was known and written down in Iceland. The author of the present essay has stressed the psychological interpretations of the legend as seen in the great Greek tragedies and in painting and sculpture, especially from the point of view of medical history. Furthermore the interplay of art and medicine in the Philoctetes legend has inspired the author to a closer examination of the role in the fate of mankind played by the snake from the beginning of time, seen in a religious as well as a secular context. For heathens as well as Christians the snake could bring fortune or calamity. Sometimes a vile demon, it brought harm; but the copper snake of Moses in the desert and the snake in the service of Asclepios protected and healed mankind. This creature so full of contrary powers and intentions almost became a mirror to the complex nature and unpredictable fate of man. PMID:6085958

Thomasen, A L

1983-01-01

286

Dying in Cross-Cultural Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews research and presents case studies discussing aspects of suicide, death, and grief among the people of New Guinea, Vanuatu (a Canadian Hutterite colony), rural Tennessee, Ireland, and among American Indians. Rituals, myths, and legends are described in the eight articles of this special issue. (JAC)

Stephenson, Peter H., Ed.

1984-01-01

287

La femme fatale: the female psychopath in fiction and clinical practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Literature and legend features many dangerous female characters. However, in fiction (and in film), it is the male psychopath who dominates. In the scientific literature, research into psychopathy in men also dominates. Studies of the nature and treatment of this severe personality disorder in women are sparse and little is known or agreed about its presentation in this

Caroline Logan

2011-01-01

288

Chinese Popular Literature and the Child.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book surveys the essential elements of both the written and the oral traditions that have contributed to the literary background of China's children. Chapter topics include (1) Chinese literature and its transmission from early times; (2) myths, legends, and symbolism; (3) traditional education and the classics; (4) storytellers, puppets, and…

Scott, Dorothea Hayward

289

Images of Oedipus  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various episodes in the ancient Greek legendof the royal house of Thebes have beenperiodically highlighted in Western art,drama, and literature. It is argued thatdifferent aspects of the legend have beenemphasized at different times because of theirrelevance to particular political-culturalcontexts.

Dennis Bartels; Alice L. Bartels

2001-01-01

290

Can't We All Just Get Along. Improving the Law Enforcement-Intelligence Community Relationship.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The FBI vs. CIA turf battles of the Cold War are the stuff of Washington legend. Things are much better now. They were getting better anyway, and then 9/11 accelerated the process. But there is room for improvement. The first essays here lay out some of t...

T. Christenson

2007-01-01

291

The Green Man  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Jolly Green Giant. Robin Hood. The Bamberg Cathedral. Tales of King Arthur. Ecology. What do they have in common? What legends and ancient myths are shrouded in the tales of the Green Man? Most often perceived as an ancient Celtic symbol as the god of spring and summer, the Green Man disappears and returns year after year, century after…

Watson-Newlin, Karen

2010-01-01

292

Polynesian Folklore: An Alternative to Plastic Toys  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because folklore has the capability to teach and to preserve the thoughts, feelings, and beliefs of a people, suggestions are offered for using folklore to deepen children's understanding of Polynesian culture. Maori nature fables, along with error\\/punishment stories involving the woman or man on the moon, represent the instructive function. Tales and legends preserving cultural history are represented by a

Sharon Black; Thomas Wright; Lynnette Erickson

2001-01-01

293

Literatura Oral Hispanica (Hispanic Oral Literature).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As part of a class in Hispanic Oral Literature, students collected pieces of folklore from various Hispanic residents in the region known as "Siouxland" in Iowa. Consisting of some of the folklore recorded from the residents, this paper includes 18 "cuentos y leyendas" (tales and legends), 48 "refranes" (proverbs), 17 "chistes" (jokes), 1…

McAlpine, Dave

294

Telesynergy V3 Wiring Diagram  

Cancer.gov

Extron 8 port Video/Audio Switch WAVE Camera Telesynergy v3 Wiring Diagram ISDN T1/PRI Module CTRLR 0 Legend: S-Video Audio VGA DVI USB RS-232 Serial Microphone Ethernet Planar C5i AMD Exam Cam Canon Document Camera Olympus BX51 Sony DVD Recorder JVC

295

What Can Chimps Tell Us About the Origin of Language?  

Microsoft Academic Search

If the current flurry of interest in nonhuman primate-language research accomplished nothing else, it has succeeded in getting us to think seriously again about the origins of language in Homo Sapiens (see Harnad, Steklis, & Lancaster; 1976; Parker & Gibson, 1979). Long the subject of legend and myth, the problem of language origin blossomed with the rise of modern science

John Limber

296

Multicultural Awareness for the Classroom: The Chinese.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide provides the teacher of multiethnic students with information and teaching resources on Chinese. An historical overview of China and the Chinese experience in America is presented in English and Chinese. Several lesson plans and classroom activities reviewing Chinese geography, holidays, legends, and stories are presented. (APM)|

Valbuena, Felix Mario; And Others

297

THE FOLK TALES OF BIHAR: AN ANTHROPOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Folklore, like all other products of man's artistic endeavour, is an ideological manifestation of human creativity. Folklore includes all myths, legends, folk tales, ballads, riddles, proverbs and supersti- tions (Dundes 1989). The term folklore was first coined by William J. Thomas in 1846. Like other elements of human culture, folklore is not mere the creation of chance. Folklore exists in

Sarita Sahay

298

Learning from a Bike Trip  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author describes a bike trip which marks the culmination of a unit reviewing map-reading capabilities. In seventh grade, students develop various map skills, including cardinal and intermediate directions, how to measure distance on a map using a scale of miles, how to interpret the legend of a map, and how to locate places…

Koren, Mike

2009-01-01

299

A cognitive analysis of the Palestrina Myth  

Microsoft Academic Search

A cognitive view of narrative emphasizes transmission. Narratives that survive repeated horizontal and\\/or vertical transmissions are those that have a selection advantage – they are superior attractors of attention. One particularly durable narrative concerns certain events of the late-sixteenth-century Council of Trent. According to legend, the Council was on the verge of banning polyphonic music from the Catholic Mass, but

Steven Hrotic

2012-01-01

300

SETI [Search for ExtraTerrestrial Intelligence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some critics of the Search for Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence (SETI) like to bolster their arguments with what they call the Fermi Paradox. Legend has it that one day at Los Alamos, shortly after the Alamogordo test (when the first atomic bomb was exploded in the desert about 50 miles northwest of this town on July 16, 1945), Enrico Fermi abruptly broke

B. M. Oliver

1994-01-01

301

BIBLICAL NARRATIVES AND POPULAR CULTURE: ZORA NEALE HURSTON'S MOSES, MAN OF THE MOUNTAIN  

Microsoft Academic Search

Popular culture has always found ways to recast biblical narrative and the figure of Moses has been an inexhaustible source of inspiration. Attempts have been made by various writers to reinterpret the story of Moses from the various episodes in Moses' life narrated in the Bible, but their meaning is never made totally clear. Through centuries legend and lore have

ORQUÍDEA RIBEIRO

302

Iowa's Kid Heroes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This theme issue of "Goldfinch" focuses on the definition of 'hero' and uses examples from Iowa's history to demonstrate the definition. Heroes of all ages have appeared in legends and real life, facing different challenges in the circumstances of life. The heroes profiled are ordinary people who have done extraordinary things. Those heroes…

Ruth, Amy, Ed.

1996-01-01

303

Desert Culture Area. Native American Curriculum Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One in a series of Native American instructional materials, this booklet introduces elementary students to the history and culture of the Navajo, Pueblo, and other Indian tribes of the southwest desert. Written in simple language, the booklet provides background information, activities, legends, and illustrations. Topics include the climate of the…

Ross, Cathy; Fernandes, Roger

304

Desert Culture Area. Native American Curriculum Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One in a series of Native American instructional materials, this booklet introduces elementary students to the history and culture of the Navajo, Pueblo, and other Indian tribes of the southwest desert. Written in simple language, the booklet provides background information, activities, legends, and illustrations. Topics include the climate of…

Ross, Cathy; Fernandes, Roger

305

All communications should be addressed to the Editors, The Journal of Experimental Biology, Zoological Laboratory, Downing Street, Cambridge, England  

Microsoft Academic Search

MANUSCRIPTS : MSS. should be typewritten (double spacing) on one side only of the paper, and the pages should be numbered. All paragraphs to be printed in small type should be indicated by adding a line at the side of the copy. Tables and Legends should be on separate sheets from the rest of the MS. and should be numbered.

R. SCOTT RUSSELL; J. D. CARTHY

306

Search for Tikal: Lost City of the Maya. Fulbright-Hays Summer Seminars Abroad Program, 2000 (Mexico and Guatemala).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This curriculum unit takes the form of historical fiction, an original story for middle school students which revolves around the 16th-century Spanish conquest of Guatemala and the Mayan people. Incorporated into the story are many of the Mayan sites, ruins, geography, culture, legends, historical characters, and cities. The climax is set at the…

Karem, Kenny

307

Everything I Need to Know about Teaching I Learned from "Beowulf"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Beginning a school year with "Beowulf" seems to set things in their natural order. Students benefit from studying "Beowulf" in ways that their study of other ancient tales such as Greek legends and myths cannot compare. Not only does the tale provide students with an action-packed heroic adventure, but it also demonstrates the power of language…

Caillouet, Ruth R.

2008-01-01

308

A Wireless PDA-based Electrocardiogram Transmission System for Telemedicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

A wireless electrocardiogram (ECG) transmission system is developed which integrates current personal digital assistant (PDA) technology and general packet radio service (GPRS) technology. This PDA-based system is comprised of a designed ECG signal acquisition module, a pocket PC (Legend 5100) and a GPRS communication module. The specific objective of this system is to facilitate accurate and reliable monitoring and transmission

Zhu Qiang; Wang Mingshi

2005-01-01

309

ARCHITECTURE OF THE APOCALYPSE: THE BUSINESS OF ARCHITECTURE AND THE MYTH OF SUSTAINABLE DESIGN AND BUILDING  

Microsoft Academic Search

The inscrutable remains of the buildings that comprised these extraordinary architectural and spatial achievements reveal high levels of visual sophistication. The studied control of forms to compensate for optical illusion, the use of colour and tone to adjust mass against light- all these have passed into legend. But in Delphi, as in other sanctuaries, one thing continued to perplex archaeologists

Bill van Heerden

2000-01-01

310

THE POVERTY OF NATIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Poverty remains an endemic state ofman. The curse imposed by an angry god on Adam and his descendants describes the human fate. Man experienced over history, with rare exceptions, toil, hard- ship and oppression. The uncertain and stringent conditions of life challenged man's awareness. He sought foranswers explaining this fate and these were couched in the form ofmyths and legends.

Karl Brunner

311

Early Childhood in the New China: Suzhou  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Suzhou is one hour to the West of Shanghai, and one of China's most interesting cities, famous for its silks, canals, and scholar gardens. According to a popular legend, Marco Polo is reputed to have said, "In heaven there is paradise, and on earth, Hangzhou and Suzhou." As the city rapidly expands, the issue of early childhood education is a…

Kalinowski, Michael

2010-01-01

312

Indian Culture Program. Poplar River School No. 050, Negginan, P.O.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Developed by teachers at the Poplar River School Number 050 (Negginan, Ontario, Canada), this curriculum guide presents a cultural expansion program for: (1) kindergarten students (a unit on community study including such topics as: food, shelter, clothing, medicine, transportation and a unit on "other" Indian cultures "by way of legends"); (2)…

McKay, Rosemary; And Others

313

CyberHunt.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a soccer cyberhunt, elementary school students can learn all about the game of soccer while practicing computer skills. The cyberhunt teaches about: the history of soccer; soccer's name in other countries; number of players on the field; women's World Cup soccer; soccer rules; soccer legend, Pele; soccer moves; and the soccer ball. A…

Truby, Dana

2001-01-01

314

Playing with Klee  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Young children are experts at make-believe and delight in listening to tales of fantasy and wonder. When the author learned that the second-grade students in her school were studying fairy tales and legends, she took advantage of their natural interests and classroom experiences and introduced them to the magical, dreamlike paintings of Swiss…

Yoder-Wyse, Jhan

2008-01-01

315

The Story of Prince Rama (Adapted from the "Ramayana"): A Study Unit Grades 5-7. Fulbright-Hays Summer Seminar Abroad 1995 (India).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This activity unit tells the story of Prince Rama from the Hindu legend, "Ramayana." The story is retold in language appropriate to grades 5-7. Accompanying activities include: (1) "Reviewing Familiar Myths"; (2) "Developing Skills Through Literature", which includes activities on character and symbolism, values and themes, and protagonist vs.…

Byrd, Charlotte N.

316

The Path to the Professoriate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Three letters are known to strike terror into the hearts of all soon-to-be Ph.D.s in English, French, Spanish, Italian and the other languages. They are M, L and A--the acronym for the Modern Language Association, which holds its annual conference and a job fair, whose hazards are legend, every year just days after Christmas. This article…

Diverse: Issues in Higher Education, 2008

2008-01-01

317

RECLAIMING THE DIVINE TONGUE: THE PLACE OF THE BOOK OF ENOCH IN THE SEARCH FOR ANGELIC LANGUAGES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scholars think John Dee's Enochian language is the product of invention, but his work is actually the apotheosis in a tradition of scholarship. The legend of the Ethiopic Book of Enoch and what it contained became a self-fulfilling prophesy in the tradition of angelic languages as the searchers looked for this key to what they thought was the divine language.

Cameo Wood

318

Soil survey as a knowledge system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Soil survey leads to the publication of soil maps and textual reports to communicate the knowledge gained by the surveyors. The argument that soil maps and their legends are representations of structured knowledge is made and discussed with some examples. An epistemology of soil survey is outlined. The relationship between the mental model of a soil surveyor, a soil map

Elisabeth N. Bui

2004-01-01

319

Longing for Life Extension: Science Fiction and Late Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rejuvenescence has long been a topic of legend and “medicine.” As the body became the property of medical science, speculative fiction asked how fantastic experiments with bodies would affect the life course. In science fiction, medical breakthroughs promise or threaten to forestall or even reverse the decline from midlife through old age to senility and decrepitude. Responding to debates over

Teresa Mangum

2002-01-01

320

Materials Developed from American Indian Culture-Based Curriculum Workshop (Tacoma, Washington, April 25-29, 1977). Book One.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Materials presented in this resource guide are the direct result of an American Indian Culture-Based Curriculum Development Workshop. Activities consist of nine flannelboard stories (including The Fire War, How Coyote Made the Columbia River, Legend of the Mayan Moon God); two games (American Indian Games and Indian Picture Symbol Checkerboard);…

Disney, Dick, Comp.

321

Fault-Related Sanctuaries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Beyond the study of historical surface faulting events, this work investigates the possibility, in specific cases, of identifying pre-historical events whose memory survives in myths and legends. The myths of many famous sacred places of the ancient world contain relevant telluric references: \\

L. Piccardi

2001-01-01

322

Nguyen van be as propaganda hero of the North and South Vietnamese governments: A case study of mass media conflict  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nguyen Van Be was a typical Vietnamese fighter who fought for both Vietnams. For the North, he was a departed ammunition carrier later made into the legends only propagandists could weave through radio, film, and print media. But, one Be of the same likeness, family background, and experiences was discovered in the custody of the South Vietnamese, who promptly put

Thomas William Hoffer

1974-01-01

323

Working Toward Democracy: Thurgood Marshall and the Constitution of Kenya  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Article is a work of transnational legal history. Drawing upon new research in foreign archives, it sheds new light on the life of Thurgood Marshall, exploring for the first time an episode that he cared very deeply about. his work with African nationalists on an independence constitution for Kenya. The story is paradoxical, for Marshall, a civil rights legend

Mary L. Dudziak

2006-01-01

324

Connecting People: How to Foster and Harness Your Organisation's Connectors1  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of us worked once with a business developer who, no matter what south- east Asian city he was in, always had names and contact details of locals in his PDA. According to legend, he was once arrested and thrown into a cell for not having the appropriate visa, but he was out within hours—he wangled a call to a

Stewart Forsyth; Shawn Callahan

325

Northwest Coast Indian Art.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The visual art forms of the Northwest Coast Indian Tribes of Alaska (Haida, Tlingit, and Tsimshian) share common distinctive design elements (formline, ovoid, U-form, and curvilinear shapes) which are referred to as the "Northern Style." Designs represent events or characters taken from the oral tradition of song and legend. Characteristics of…

Manning, Thomas; Knecht, Elizabeth

326

Traditional Native Poetry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|While Native myths and legends were educational tools to transmit tribal beliefs and history, traditional American Indian poetry served a ritualistic function in everyday life. Few traditional Native songs, which all poems were, survive; only Mayan and Aztec poems were written, and most of these were burned by a Spanish bishop. In addition, many…

Grant, Agnes

1985-01-01

327

Gagiwdul.at: Brought Forth To Reconfirm. The Legacy of a Taku River Tlingit Clan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The six legends told here, in Tlingit on the left page and in English on the right page, are told by Elizabeth Nyman, a Tlingit elder of the Taku River clan. The narratives represent a portion of the clan's oral history. Introductory sections provide some historical background concerning the clan, the story teller, and the traditions with which…

Nyman, Elizabeth; Leer, Jeff

328

Teaching Cultural Values and Building Self-Esteem.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Menominee Pride Program was a whole-language summer program developed for first grade students at the Menominee Tribal School in Keshena, Wisconsin. The purpose of the program was to increase students' self-esteem by imparting Native values, culture, and language. The curriculum focused on three legends of the Menominee culture and emphasized…

Washinawatok, Karen

329

Children's Hungarian Heritage. Educational Curriculum Kit 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This booklet was designed as a guide to Hungarian traditions primarily of interest to children. The topics covered suggest the diversity of the Hungarian heritage, from the legends of the founding of Hungary to contemporary Hungarian customs and arts. Brief discussions are presented on: (1) the Hungarian language, pronunciation of frequently used…

Biro, Ruth

330

Mask of Black God: The Pleiades in Navajo Cosmology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One Navajo legend attributes the creation of the primary stars and constellations to Black God. Today, a famous star cluster--the Pleiades--often appears on the traditional mask worn by chanters impersonating Black God during special ceremonies. In this case study, students learn about the Pleiades in Navajo cosmology while honing their…

Schulz, Teresa M.

2005-01-01

331

The Green Man  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Jolly Green Giant. Robin Hood. The Bamberg Cathedral. Tales of King Arthur. Ecology. What do they have in common? What legends and ancient myths are shrouded in the tales of the Green Man? Most often perceived as an ancient Celtic symbol as the god of spring and summer, the Green Man disappears and returns year after year, century after…

Watson-Newlin, Karen

2010-01-01

332

The Sexual Relationship in Christian Thought  

Microsoft Academic Search

THE idea of the sacramental potentiality of sexual love is one of the most creative and ennobling ideas in which the European imagination has shared. Anticipated by Plato and by some of the neo-Platonic philosophers, particularly Plotinus, it began gradually to be affirmed in the Middle Ages: in the legends surrounding the Holy Grail, in that ley de cortezia of

Philip Sherrard

1971-01-01

333

Our Administrative System of Criminal Justice  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Honor of William M. Tendy. Bill Tendy was already a legend among federal prosecutors when I first served as an Assistant United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York in the early 1980s. To us youngsters, Bill even then seemed a survivor from another era, when prosecutors really did resemble the tough-talking Hollywood DAs played by actors

Gerard E. Lynch

1998-01-01

334

Communications in the Canadian Corps, 1915–1918: Wartime Technological Progress Revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

Warfare has, for millenia, been a rich source of myth and legend, and one of the main reasons many historians proclaim Herodotus to be the first to ply their trade is because, at least, he discounted divine intervention as the prime explanation for the ebb and flow of battle. Myths, however, persist to this day, one of the most popular

Bill Rawling

2012-01-01

335

An unsupervised classification method for inferring original case locations from low-resolution disease maps  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Widespread availability of geographic information systems software has facilitated the use of disease mapping in academia, government and private sector. Maps that display the address of affected patients are often exchanged in public forums, and published in peer-reviewed journal articles. As previously reported, a search of figure legends in five major medical journals found 19 articles from 1994–2004 that

John S Brownstein; Christopher A Cassa; Isaac S Kohane; Kenneth D Mandl

2006-01-01

336

A numerical taxonomy of Merovingian coins  

Microsoft Academic Search

The coins of the Merovingian rulers of Gaul are basically derived from those of their Roman predecessors. 1 The portrait of the emperor became conventionalized and the reverse images were simplified. At first the Roman legends were copied (and miscopied), but in the course of the sixth century these were replaced by names of mints and of minters. There appear

Alan M. Stahl

1978-01-01

337

Materials Developed from American Indian Culture-Based Curriculum Workshop (Tacoma, Washington, April 25-29, 1977). Book One.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Materials presented in this resource guide are the direct result of an American Indian Culture-Based Curriculum Development Workshop. Activities consist of nine flannelboard stories (including The Fire War, How Coyote Made the Columbia River, Legend of the Mayan Moon God); two games (American Indian Games and Indian Picture Symbol Checkerboard);…

Disney, Dick, Comp.

338

Introduction (Quantum cosmology and the laws of nature: scientific perspectives on Divine action).  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is not at all clear that the notion of Divine action makes any sense, or what sort of sense it makes. If it makes no sense, the Christian faith may for a while cling on to a tenuous and marginal existence as a set of legends outlining an optical policy of life. But it will eventually evaporate to take its place with the great legends of Greek and Roman mythology, its policy of life at last becoming as quaint and archaic as that of ancient Athens. It is therefore a matter of vital importance to examine the idea of Divine action, starting again from first principles, to discover what may be said of it in view of the many difficulties raised in the modern age.

Russell, R. J.

339

1996 Site environmental report. Volume II  

SciTech Connect

Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory presents Volume II, data appendix as a reference document to supplement the 1996 Site Environmental Report. Volume II contains the raw environmental monitoring and sampling data used to generate many of the summary results included in the main report for both routine and nonroutine activities. This appendix includes a legend that cross-references the enclosed data tables with summary tables in the main report. The legend also provides a listing of more detailed descriptions for the station location codes used in the appendices` tables. Data presented in the tables are given in Systeme International (SI) units. The glossary found in the main report contains a listing of the SI units.

NONE

1997-09-01

340

Isaac versus Oedipus: an alternative view.  

PubMed

Max Sugar (2002) argues for the essential similarity of the legends of Oedipus and Isaac with regard to the common themes of filicide, patricide, guilt, punishment, and expiation. Sugar does point out, however, that while the outcome in the Oedipus myth is tragic, it is hopeful in the narrative of Isaac. This article, in contrast, argues that this distinction between tragedy and hopefulness is not incidental and indeed stems out of the essential differences between the legends of Oedipus and Isaac, which themselves reflect the opposing life views emerging from Athens and Jerusalem. Indeed, we will argue for viewing the Akedah (the binding of Isaac) as a Biblical alternative to the Oedipus Complex, rather than simply an extension of it, and as the basis for a Biblical psychology and psychotherapy. PMID:12597112

Kaplan, Kalman J

2002-01-01

341

Electromyographic and biomechanic analysis of anterior cruciate ligament deficiency and functional knee bracing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. Examine the neuromuscular response to functional knee bracing relative to anterior tibial translations in vivo.Design. During randomised brace conditions, electromyographic data with simultaneous skeletal tibiofemoral kinematics were recorded from four anterior cruciate ligament deficient subjects to investigate the effect of the DonJoy Legend functional brace during activity.Background. Knee braces do not increase knee stability but may influence afferent inputs

Dan K Ramsey; Per F Wretenberg; Mario Lamontagne; Gunnar Németh

2003-01-01

342

VIDEODOPE: Applying Persuasive Technology to Improve Awareness of Drugs Abuse Effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Videodope is an interactive digital environment that is meant to show the short-, medium- and long-run effects of psychoactive substances\\u000a on the human organism. Its purpose is to increase the users’ knowledge of these effects, which is often based on misconceptions\\u000a and legends, and to provide a feedback on their level of information, with preventive purposes. These kind of educational

Luciano Gamberini; Luca Breda; Alessandro Grassi

2007-01-01

343

Amidst the Beauty of the Night Sky, Which of the Constellations am I?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A well known constellation am I- I never set in the northern sky. Native Americans and Greeks, you see, Wrote legends when they recognized me. Two close stars still test for keen eyesight. Two point to the North Star - what a light! Look for my galaxies, you know where. I am ---- -----, the ----- ----! (If you've an answer you'd care to try, Or check out more riddles, please stop by! Note: All my astronomy riddles are copyrighted.)

Herrmann, Kimberly A.

2011-01-01

344

Booklist for Educators: Native Americans of the Northwest Coast  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This booklist for educators has seven books that are recommended for learning more about Native Americans of the Northwest Coast. A short description is given for each title, along with author name and publisher. The list includes illustrated looks at design motifs and artistic styles, profiles of artists working in a variety of media, guides to myths and legends, including examinations of cosmology portraits and interviews with Northwest Coast chiefs and elders.

345

The adult male voxel model ”Golem” segmented from whole-body CT patient data  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the construction of an adult male voxel model named ”Golem”1(1In Jewish tradition, Golem (Hebrew: shapeless matter) means an artificial human being endowed with life. There are several\\u000a legends about successful creations of the Golem. The most popular one is probably the Golem of Prague, created (and destroyed)\\u000a by Rabbi Yehuda Loev (1525–1609).) intended to be used for

Maria Zankl; Alfred Wittmann

2001-01-01

346

Contour Maps With DOGSTAILS  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

During this lesson plan students craft miniature mountains from lumps of clay. They then translate their mountains into topographic maps. These maps include vital features and information such as date, orientation, grid, scale, title, author, index, legend, and sources - or DOGSTAILS, for short. Knowing what goes into creating a representational map helps the students to understand how to analyze the geographic information in other maps.

347

The last of the lands  

Microsoft Academic Search

On some unknown date in the first half of the first millennium AD, a flotilla of Polynesian pirogues, probably coming from\\u000a the Marquese Islands, landed on a very small island lost in the immensity of the Pacific Ocean, formed a million years earlier\\u000a by volcanic eruptions and never before inhabited.\\u000a \\u000a According to a legend the discoverers called the island Te-Pito-te-Henua:

Giulio Magli

348

Birthday Moons  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson plan is part of the Center for Educational Resources (CERES), a series of web-based astronomy lessons created by a team of master teachers, university faculty, and NASA researchers. This lesson familiarizes students with lunar phases by locating them and then graphing the Moon phase of their own birthdays. Students then discuss lunar myths and legends while creating their own Moon stories. This lesson contains expected outcomes for students, materials, background information, extension activities, and follow-up questions.

Tuthill, George; Obbink, Kim

349

Immigration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sainthood is an unlikely title for a soldier accused of rape and murder and later executed for his alleged misdeeds. But Juan\\u000a Castillo Morales, affectionately known as Juan Soldado, has become the unofficial patron saint of poor Mexicans trying to\\u000a cross the U.S. border. Because, as the legend goes, Castillo Morales was unjustly blamed for a crime committed by his

Peggy Levitt

350

Observe how air pressure affects a rising balloon  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This animation enables students in high school Earth science classes to observe how atmospheric pressure changes with respect to altitude. Students are instructed to click and drag a lever to move a balloon between altitudes of 5,000 and 30,000 feet. A pair of gauges indicates the volume in the balloon and the atmospheric pressure at each elevation. The legend indicates that the concentration of air molecules decreases with increasing altitude. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Education, Terc. C.; Littell, Mcdougal

2003-01-01

351

Phosphate-solubilizing rhizobacteria enhance the growth and yield but not phosphorus uptake of canola (Brassica napus L.)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ability of phosphate-solubilizing rhizobacteria to enhance the growth and phosphorus uptake of canola (Brassica napus L., cv. Legend) was studied in potted soil experiments in the growth chamber. One hundred and eleven bacteria isolated from\\u000a the rhizosphere of field-grown plants, and a collection of nine bacteria known to be effective plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria\\u000a (PGPR), were screened for P-solubilization in

J. R. de Freitas; M. R. Banerjee; J. J. Germida

1997-01-01

352

Cephalothoracopagus janiceps asymmetros twins: antenatal sonographic diagnosis.  

PubMed

Conjoined twins have been the subject of myth and legend since antiquity because of the rarity and peculiarity of their juxtaposition. Fortunately, modern medical technology and concurrent advancements in surgical techniques provide an opportunity for successful separation and hope of a normal independent existence for these unique children. Antenatal sonography allows timely detection of this condition so that further management may be planned. PMID:23303732

Sharma, Dinesh; Jhobta, Anupam; Azad, J R; Dhiman, D S; Pandith, Mansa; Sharma, Sanjiv

2013-01-09

353

John Henryism and blood pressure differences among black men  

Microsoft Academic Search

A community probability sample of southern, working-class, black men (N=132)between 17 and 60 years of age was administered a scale to measure the degree to which they felt they could control their environment through hard work and determination. Since the legend of John Henry—the famous, black steeldriver of American folklore—can be understood as a cultural statement about how black Americans

Sherman A. James; Sue A. Hartnett; William D. Kalsbeek

1983-01-01

354

Graphics Gallery  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This recently expanded section of Access Excellence, a Biology teaching and learning site sponsored by Genentech, Inc. (reviewed in the March 7, 1997 Scout Report), offers a collection of over 100 labeled diagrams illustrating key processes of biotechnology. Probably best suited for a university level Biology course, the diagrams also include a brief legend explaining the process illustrated. The new additions, which comprise the bulk of the site, are also available in .pdf format for download and printing.

355

The Trojans in Epirus : Archaeology, Myth and Identity in Inter-War Albania  

Microsoft Academic Search

Between 1924 and 1943 southern Albania was the venue for the revisiting of the myth of the flight of Aeneas and his followers\\u000a from the destruction of Troy, and the fulfilment of their destiny in Italy (figure 3.1). The Italian State had existed as\\u000a a unified entity only since 1870, and the Virgilian legend resonated strongly with the search for

Oliver Gilkes

356

The impact of thematic resolution on the patch-mosaic model of natural landscapes  

Microsoft Academic Search

We argue that thematic resolution, i.e., the level of categorical detail of a thematic map expressed by the number of classes\\u000a included in the map legend, is an inherent component of the scale at which a landscape is analyzed. Changing the number of\\u000a classes can change the configuration of the patch mosaic as much as changing the grain does. We

Guillermo Castilla; Kerry Larkin; Julia Linke; Geoffrey J. Hay

2009-01-01

357

High Body Mass Alters Colonic Sensory-Motor Function and Transit in Humans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Word count: 3,481 (does not include abstract, references, tables, and figure legends) Acknowledgments: This study was supported in partby nursing support available through the Clinical Research Unit,Mayo Clinic CTSA grant RR024150 (Physiology Core) from National Institutes of Health (NIH). MC is supported by grants R01-DK54681, RO1-DK-67071 and K24-DK02638 from NIH. Conflicts of Interest: None. Corresponding Author: Michael Camilleri, M.D. Mayo

Silvia Delgado-Aros; Michael Camilleri; Montse Andreu Garcia; Duane Burton; Irene Busciglio

2008-01-01

358

Lac Télé structure, Republic of Congo: Geological setting of a cryptozoological and biodiversity hotspot, and evidence against an impact origin  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lac Télé is a large lake, ?5.6km in diameter, with an ovoid shape, situated at 17°10?E, 1°20?N, in the great tropical rain forest region of the Republic of Congo. This lake has attracted widespread attention, mainly because of the legends among the local people that it harbours a strange animal known as the Mokele-Mbembe, but also because it is situated

Sharad Master

2010-01-01

359

The anatomy of the mermaid.  

PubMed

Investigation of the anatomy of the mermaid and of mermaid lore has revealed a tangled web of stories, sightings and specimens of the most diverse nature, extending worldwide into the realms of folklore and legend, zoology and cryptozoology, anatomy, physiology, radiography and folk medicine, ethnography, social history and the history of science. The stereotype we know as the mermaid is surely a fit subject for further serious study PMID:11620025

Heppell, D

360

Archimedes’ Cannons Against the Roman Fleet?  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In the paper is discussed the possibility tat Archimedes built and used against the Roman fleet a steam cannon. It is well-known\\u000a that Archimedes, during the siege of Syracuse, designed and built several war machines to fight against the Romans. Among\\u000a these war machines, the legend about the large concave mirrors that concentrated the sun rays burning the Roman ships

Cesare Rossi

361

1. Introduction  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the first efforts to design an underwater vehicle is due to Leonardo Da Vinci. It has been found in the Codice Atlantico (Codex Atlanticus), written between 1480 and 1518, together with the development of some diver’s devices (see Figure 1.1\\u000a and 1.2 where the corresponding page of the Codex is reported). Legends say that Leonardo worked on the

Gianluca Antonelli

362

Ooids from Turkey and Egypt in the Eastern Mediterranean and a love-story of Antony and Cleopatra  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  Cleopatra’s beach is one of the most famous in Turkey for its distinctive white sand, composed largely of ooids. Legend has\\u000a it that the Roman leader, Mark Antony, had this sand shipped from Alexandria in Egypt to create a beach for his lower Cleopatra,\\u000a on Sedir Island in Gökova Bay, SE Aegean Sea. This study examines the reality of this

Amr El-Sammak; Maurice Tucker

2002-01-01

363

New microcomputer database system for maps  

Microsoft Academic Search

A microcomputer-aided drafting system is used at the Geological Survey of Canada, Calgary, to make large charts and legends for the Geologic Atlas of Canada. Hand-drafting of Atlas maps may be supplemented by a digital geologic map database created by a new microcomputer and videotracing system at CAL-CAD. Video-tracing is more rapid and discriminating than existing rasterscan and digitizing table

A. I. Zolnai; A. V. Okulitch

1988-01-01

364

The geologic mapping of Venus using C-1 format: Sheets 75N254, 60N263  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The results of geologic mapping of Venus, produced on the base of Magellan images, are presented. We submit two C-1 format geologic maps with the appropriate legend. The mapping territory was taken from Venera 15 and 16 missions and geologic maps were composed. Magellan images allow us to divide some types of the plains units to determine the lava flow direction and to map with better accuracy.

Shalimov, I. V.

1992-12-01

365

The Trial of László Bárdossy. The Second World War and Factional Politics in Contemporary Hungary  

Microsoft Academic Search

On New Year’s Day 2000, the Crown of St Steven, the symbol most central to the founding legends of the Hungarian kingdom c.1000 AD, was moved from the National Museum of Hungary to the parliament at the behest of the centre-right coalition government of Victor Orbán, prime minister of Hungary 1998-2002. Proponents of the crown’s move looked back to the

Karl P. Benziger

2005-01-01

366

Most Haunted and the Convergence of Traditional Belief and Popular Television  

Microsoft Academic Search

LivingTV's flagship series, Most Haunted, has been haunting the satellite network since 2002. The set-up of the series is straightforward: a team of investigators, including a historian, a parapsychologist, and “spiritualist medium” Derek Acorah, “legend-trip,” spending the night at some location within the United Kingdom that is reputed to be haunted, with the hopes of catching on video concrete proof

Mikel J. Koven

2007-01-01

367

Coma Berenices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

(Berenice's Hair; abbrev. Com, gen. Comae Berenices; area 386 sq. deg.) A northern constellation which lies between Canes Venatici and Virgo, and culminates at midnight in early April. It is named after the lock of hair of Queen Berenice II of Egypt (c. 269-221 BC), which, according to legend, she gave to the gods for the safe return of her husband, Ptolemy III Euergetes, from battle. It was intro...

Murdin, P.

2000-11-01

368

Olympus Mons  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The largest volcano on Mars, and the largest in the solar system, centered at 18.4 °N, 133.1 °W. It coincides with the albedo feature visible from Earth known as Nix Olympica, the `Snows of Olympus', after the mountain in Greece which in legend was the home of the gods. Olympus Mons rises to a height of 27 km above Mars's mean surface level, and in its greatest horizontal dimension measures 624 k...

Murdin, P.

2000-11-01

369

Verlassen von Vater und Mutter  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zusammenfassung  Ab dem Jahr 2000 erhielt die Babyklappe durch die Medien erhöhte Aufmerksamkeit. Die im Mittelalter von der Kirche eingeführte\\u000a Einrichtung der Drehlade wurde wieder aufgenommen. Findelkinder haben in der Gesellschaft immer eine besondere Rolle gespielt\\u000a (Moses, Romulus und Remus, Kaspar Hauser usw.). Das erste Findelhaus entstand im Jahre 787 in Mailand. Die erste Drehlade\\u000a wurde einer Legende nach im Ospedale

V. Lehmann; K. Friese; J. W. Schumann

2007-01-01

370

Clinical aspects of multiple pregnancy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The natural wonder of multiple pregnancy and birth has fascinated mankind\\u000asince ancient times and twins figure prominently in legends, folktales and myths.\\u000aOne of the best known traditional stories is that of Romulus and Remus, the twins\\u000awho were abandoned on the banks of the Tiber and suckled by a she-wolf. Later\\u000aRomulus founded Rome, the city that still

J. G. Santema

1996-01-01

371

The Santa Ana Winds  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page demonstrates the development of a Santa Ana wind event in the Los Angeles basin. It includes a brief description of these, hot, dry offshore winds, some legends surrounding them, and some of their potentially damaging effects. A series of images shows how a simulated Santa Ana event develops and evolves, depicting temperature, wind speed, and humidity. The images are also available as animations, and there are links to other sites with related information.

372

The SAMPO Porject  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As an in-kind contribution to its joining fee, the Republic of Finland is funding a three-year project to assess future data reduction and analysis software needs for the ESO community. The SAMPO project, named after a mysterious artifact and source of power in the Finnish Kalevala legends, will gather requirements, assess technologies and perform detailed pilot software projects to help prepare ESO for the software challenges of data handling in the next decade.

Hook, R. Richard; Moller, Palle; Vaski, Janne Ignatius Kari; Peron, Michele; Quinn, Peter

2005-06-01

373

Sediment threshold under stream flow: A state-of-the-art review  

Microsoft Academic Search

The doctoral research of Albert Frank Shields on sediment movement conducted in Technischen Hochshcule Berlin becomes a legend\\u000a that is most often referred by many authors and has initiated a sizable number of researches over last seven decades. The\\u000a Shields diagram is famous due to its application in ascertaining the threshold of sediment motion that is an essential prerequisite\\u000a for

Subhasish Dey; Athanasios Papanicolaou

2008-01-01

374

A new symbol-and-GIS based detailed geomorphological mapping system: Renewal of a scientific discipline for understanding landscape development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents a comprehensive and flexible new geomorphological combination legend that expands the possibilities of current geomorphological mapping concepts. The new legend is presented here at scale of 1:10,000 and it combines symbols for hydrography, morphometry/morphography, lithology and structure with colour variations for process/genesis and geologic age. The piece-by-piece legend forms a “geomorphological alphabet” that offers a high diversity of geomorphological information and a possibility for numerous combinations of information. This results in a scientific map that is rich in data and which is more informative than most previous maps but is based on a simple legend. The system is developed to also be used as a basis for applications in GIS. The symbol-based information in the geomorphological maps can be digitally stored as a powerful database with thematic layers and attribute tables. By combining and further developing aspects of different classical mapping systems and techniques into expanded data combinations, new possibilities of presentation and storage are developed and thus a strong scientific tool is provided for landscape configuration and the reconstruction of its development; in turn the combination paves the way for specific thematic applications. The new system is illustrated for two contrasting landscape types: the first is located on the border of Vorarlberg, western Austria, and Liechtenstein in a glacially influenced, high altitude alpine setting that is strongly modified by various degradation processes; the second area represents a formerly glaciated region in Dalarna, central Sweden near Mora, an area that is characterized by a variety of aeolian, fluvial, glaciofluvial and lacustrine depositional and erosional landforms and also reflects isostatic uplift. The new method functions well for both areas and results in detailed scientific outlines of both landscape types.

Gustavsson, Marcus; Kolstrup, Else; Seijmonsbergen, Arie C.

2006-07-01

375

The economic uses and associated folklore of ferns and fern allies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  Ferns (and their allies) have an interesting history which is reflected in folklore and legends. “FERN SEEDS” were thought\\u000a to make one invisible. The possessor of these “SEEDS” allowed the finder to understand the language of birds, find buried\\u000a treasure, and have the strength of forty men. Historically, they have been an important source of drugs, food, and fibers\\u000a as

Lenore Wile May

1978-01-01

376

Development of the Seamless Digital Geological Map of Japan: Application of Google Maps API  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Geological map series of Japan in scale of 200,000 was completed on March, 2010 by Geological Survey of Japan (GSJ), National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST). These traditional paper-based geological maps had different regional legends because of differences of produced time and composer, and those caused structural and stratigraphic discordance between adjacent geological maps. The Seamless Digital Geological Map of Japan (http://riodb02.ibase.aist.go.jp/db084/index_e.html) is produced by (1) creating nationally-standardized legend based on the geological map of Japan 1:1,000,000, 3rd edition (GSJ,1992), (2) digitizing existing paper-based geological maps in vector format, (3) replacing each geological attributes by the nationally-standardized legend, (4) smoothing geological boundary of adjacent maps on Geographic Information System (GIS). GSJ has published the maps on the Web since 2003, and providing data to users. Methods of data representation have been modified to suit the needs of the users. Google maps version is the latest user interface which uses Google Map API (Application Programming Interface) and Google Earth API provided by Google. Google Maps version generates image tiles of geological map by using GIS for each zoom levels, and displays the map by overlaying tile layers. This method requires no vector calculation, and only transfers data within display range in a manner similar to original Google Maps. To sum up the major characteristics of the Google Maps version, easy-to-follow operability similar to Google Maps and shorter response time than other systems that use Web-GIS are the most significance. KMZ files for Google Earth are downloadable from the website.

Masaka, Y. A.; Nishioka, Y.

2010-12-01

377

Solstice, Science, and Summer Reading  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Like generations before them, teachers often use the energy of the summer Sun to nurture seeds of growth (both real and virtual) for another year. Whether you believe the ancient legends or not, summer provides catch-up time. You can turn off your alarm and let the magic of your biorhythms take over. As they have in past years, the reviewers of NSTA Recommends have prepared some suggestions for summer reading. Some of their suggestions are scientific, some motivational, some practical�and some just plain fun. So where ever your comfort zone is, pull up a chair because it's time to read.

Texley, Juliana

2007-07-01

378

Quaternary Fault and Fold Database for the United States: California  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive map shows the major fault systems of the Quaternary for the State of California. It is subdivided into 1x2 degree sheets, each of which is linked to a more detailed map. Users can select a sheet and see an enlargement of the area. Individual fault systems are numbered and keyed to a legend which provides a link to a written synopsis of information for the fault, including fault type and geologic history. Links are also provided to more extensive reports for the faults, including a "complete" report with references.

379

Geographical and Topographical Atlas accompanying the report of the Geological Exploration of the Fortieth Parallel, made by authority of the Hornorable Secretary of War, under the direction of Brig. and Bvt. Major General A. A. Humphreys, Chief of Engineers  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Contains a title, legend, and 11 folio maps in the folio. Contains a topographic (shaded) map of Cordilleran region, limiting meridians 104° and 124°; limiting parallels 29° and 50°. Scale, 60 miles to the inch. Also contains four geologic and four topographic (shaded) maps, on scale of 4 miles to the inch, of the following areas: Sheet I. Longitude, 104° 30'-107° 37'; latitude, 40° 20'-41° 54'. Sheet II. Longitude, 107° 37'-110° 43'; latitude, 40° 16'-41° 50'. Sheet III. Longitude, 110° 43'-113° 50'; latitude, 40° 13'-41° 46'. Sheet IV. Longitude, 113° 50'-116° 56'; latitude, 39° 55'-41° 29'.

King, Clarence; Lithography by Bien, Julius

1876-01-01

380

[The use of water as indication of the presence of life: technical ways of employment in the archaelogical documentation].  

PubMed

Ancient urbanization often is strictly connected with rivers and sources. In the ancient world, the usage of water is also linked with the idea of sacrum and with specific religious cults (i.e. the King's Numa mith or the legend of the nymph Egeria). A complex technique of rain water preservation has been elaborated in Rome by building structures of water supplying: the exemples of Segni's colony and Ventotene's imperial island are here examined. Due to the general absence of water supply directly in the houses, public fountains were largely present in the public ways. PMID:11623481

Cancellieri, M

1995-01-01

381

Comets: The Universal Recipe?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this article, The Why Files investigates comets. Topics include their origins, what they are made of, where in the solar system they come from, and others. Several of the more famous comets, such as Halley's, are mentioned, and there is information on the latest encounter with a comet, the Deep Impact mission to Tempel 1. Myths and legends about comets are also discussed. A classroom activity is included in which students can make a "comet" using readily available materials. A bibliography is also provided.

Tenenbaum, David

382

Disturbed mouse circadian rhythm before the Kobe EQ in 1995  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Legends of macro-anomalies before large earthquakes have been passed down for generations in Asia. Most of the statements on earthquake precursors are considered unreliable afterthoughts by traditional scientists. However, disturbed biological rhythms in mice were observed before the Kobe EQ in 1995 (Yokoi et al, 2003). The records of unusual mouse behavior before the earthquake were obtained to study biological clock at Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University. It is clarified that the disturbance was very rare phenomena statistically. Similar phenomenon was observed before the Wenchuan earthquake in 2008, too (Li et al, 2009). In the presentation, I will discuss the phenomena as one example of preseismic unusual animal behaviors.

Yokoi, Sayoko

2013-04-01

383

[Laennec's father and slavery].  

PubMed

In the legend which grows about Laennec, and also in the remote remembrance preserved in his family, the fame of his father Théophile-Marie remained very unfavorable, appearing to have been a light-headed man unable to do anything. However the studies of Madame Le Douget, magistrate in Quimper, show nevertheless a courageous and efficient judge, opponent to the social plague which was the slavery of black peoples, during a process before the court of justice of Admiralty after a shipwreck. It is the story of this episode concluding to a sort of rehabilitation that we have related in these pages. PMID:12959090

Valentin, Michel

384

Nuclear standards: Master index  

SciTech Connect

This index provides a complete list, organized by standard numbers, of all assigned NE numbers, their title, issue date, amendment number and date, issue date of the superseded standard if any, standards writer/cognizant engineer, DOE/cognizant engineer, and a remarks column which reflect the current status of the standard (see legend). The ''Nuclear Energy Standards KWIC Index'' of NE standards, also published by the Performance Assurance Project Office, should be consulted for information on standards when the assigned numbers are not known.

Not Available

1987-01-30

385

Nuclear Standards Master Index  

SciTech Connect

This index provides a complete list, organized by standard numbers, of all assigned NE numbers, their title, issue date, amendment number and date, issue date of the superseded standard if any, standard writer/cognizant engineer, DOE/cognizant engineer, and a remark column which reflects the current status of the standard (see legend). This January 1984 issue covers July through December 1983. The Nuclear Energy Standards KWIC Index of NE standards, also published by the Nuclear Standards Program Information Center, should be consulted for information on standards when the assigned numbers are not known.

Not Available

1984-01-20

386

Twisters, Tall Tales, and Science Teaching  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Legends and tall tales have been part of the American culture for ages. Your students are probably already familiar with the tales of how Pecos Bill fearlessly tamed a ferocious tornado, or Paul Bunyan effortlessly restrained a great river. Such tales have been passed down from generation to generation to explain humanity, the natural world, and scientific phenomena. Harness your students' creative engery with this lesson that incorporates tall tales into the classroom, and follows the 5-E model (Engage, Explore, Explain, Elaborate, and Evaluate) for incorporating constructivism into science teaching.

Wilcox, Dawn R.; Sterling, Donna R.

2006-07-01

387

Genetics, history, and identity: the case of the Bene Israel and the Lemba.  

PubMed

The paper examines the impact of genetic research on the religious identity of the Bene Israel Indian Jewish community and the Lemba Judaising group of southern Africa. It demonstrates how DNA tests which happened to support the possibility of the communities' legends of origin affected their self-perception, the way they are viewed by their neighbors, and their image in the West. It is argued that in both cases what accounted most for the Bene Israel and Lemba responses to the tests was the way the results were portrayed in the mass media, the history of the development of Judaism in their communities, and the local realities. PMID:16249950

Parfitt, Tudor; Egorova, Yulia

2005-06-01

388

[Essay on the myth of oedipus].  

PubMed

Jung conceptualized the collective unconscious as the locus of the myths, the absolutely genuine and primary patterns of thinking and feeling of humanity. The legend of Oedipus or myth of incest is a irrefutable proof of its eternal validity. The present essay is an attempt to take an alternative look to a history that belong to all of us. Situations that are developed in this drama, like the characters involved in it may charge significance as an archetypal and essentially symbolic interpretation. PMID:23145377

Costa, Néstor E

389

Maintenance Information and Data Acquisition System (MIDAS)  

SciTech Connect

The Maintenance Information Data Acquisition System (MIDAS) is an innovative program to combine new and existing programs into one unique system that allows quick response to a wide range of management information programs, leading to more effective administration of the Maintenance Management Department of the Instrumentation and Controls Division at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The goal of this system is to provide rapid access to broad areas of management programs as easily as possible. Doing so with the touch of a single computer key thus lives up to the Midas legend, the Golden Touch.''

Stansberry, C.T.; Odom, S.M.; Martin, C.D. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA))

1989-09-01

390

Ms. Chambers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Follow directions from your assignment. Three assignment links below; King Arthur, Shakespeare Sonnets, and The Crucible. KING ARTHUR LINKS The Camelot Project - at the University of Rochester - homepage Frequently Asked Questions about the Arthurian Legends The Camelot Project - King Arthur s Court Britannia History - has several links to website sources (may be better than doing a Google search) SHAKESPEARE LINKS Usborne Quicklinks -US home page Usborne Quicklinks - Shakespeare, p 32 Absolute Shakespeare Shakespeare Resource Center THE CRUCIBLE National Geographic - interactive website 17th Century Colonial New England Spark Notes - the Crucible The Crucible - Study Guide Red Scare The Crucible MCCARTHYISM The Salem Witch Museum ...

Schultz, Ms.

2007-10-19

391

Atlas of positron emission tomography of the brain  

SciTech Connect

The aim and scope of this atlas are expressed in its title. The text and legends of the book are presented in both German and English. The book contains 12 high-quality color illustrations culled from nine tomography centers across Europe and North America. Almost two-thirds of the book is devoted to the measurement of regional cerebral glucose metabolism and cerebral blood flow. The remainder manages to cover all of the other cerebral applications of positron emission tomography (PET). The authors discuss that PET is being used principally in research and that its future, although theoretically unlimited, depends on the development of ''further labeled compounds.''

Heiss, W.; Beil, C.; Herholz, K.; Pavlik, G.; Wagner, R.; Weinhard, K.

1985-01-01

392

Look out, aurorae about!  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Myths and legends abound concerning the aurora borealis; observations, at least in the UK, are considerably more rare, yet people continue to be interested in observing them on the few times a year they are visible. AuroraWatch hopes to boost this interest by providing an email alert service that, since 2000, has used real-time information from a network of magnetometers to assess when aurorae might be visible. Alerts can be sent to mobile phones as well as by conventional email, and have already enabled many people to see this beautiful natural phenomenon.

Wild, Jim

2006-02-01

393

Commemorating the 20th century Darwin: Ernst Mayr's words and thoughts, five years later. Interview by Rob J. Kulathinal.  

PubMed

It has been five years since Ernst Mayr, one of the most influential evolutionary biologists of the last century, passed away. Mayr's seminal work as a naturalist and, in particular, as a bird systematist allowed him to approach the species problem in a revolutionary way. As a leading architect of the Modern Evolutionary Synthesis, Mayr helped integrate Darwinian theory with the broad fields of systematics and genetics. We pay tribute to this legend by publishing an interview taken shortly before his death. PMID:20140034

Mayr, Ernst

2010-02-01

394

Molecular Structure of Aquamarine  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Aquamarine originated in the 1820s from a Latin term aqua marina which means sea water. This popular gem has been by Indians as a good luck charm. Legend has it that the gem was a treasure of mermaids. Aquamarine is found in Brazil and the African countries of Tanzania, Kenya and Nigeria, the island of Sri Lanka, Afghanistan and Russia. Aquamarine is usually heat treated to remove the yellow components to make it bluer. Aquamarine has even been thought to help cure headaches, insomnia and other such ailments. This gem is given on the 19th wedding anniversary as a sign of love.

2002-08-14

395

Ecoregions of North Dakota and South Dakota: Interactive Map  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Ecoregions denote areas of general similarity in ecosystems and in the type, quality, and quantity of environmental resources. They are designed to serve as a spatial framework for the research, assessment, management, and monitoring of ecosystems and ecosystem components. This interactive map shows the ecoregions of North and South Dakota in increasing levels of detail (from level III to level IV). Clicking on the legend shows information for each type of ecoregion, including a photo and description, physiography, geology, soils type, climate, natural vegetation types, and land use/land cover. A downloadable version is available.

396

Saint Sebastian and the Black Death.  

PubMed

The martyrdom of Saint Sebastian is one of the most enduring themes in Western religious art. The execution scene so often portrayed - with the Saint transfixed with arrows - is based on the legend about his life and death during the reign of the Roman emperor, Diocletian. However, it is the symbolic association of arrows with the Black Death - during the Middle Ages and during the Renaissance - which identifies Sebastian as the patron saint of plague victims. After more than four centuries of recurrent epidemics, the plague died out in Europe; but the image of St. Sebastian continued to inspire artists until the end of the 19th century. PMID:11620334

Gelpi, A P

1998-06-01

397

Cult of St. Blasius, patron saint of throat sufferers and of otolaryngologists, in Croatia.  

PubMed

In the introductory part presented is a short hagiography of St. Blasius, and the legend of miraculous healing of a child in whose throat a bone had stuck, threatening to choke the child. Thanks to that legend, St. Blasius has become the traditional patron of the laryngeal diseases, and, since recently, the patron of the otolaryngologists, too. The second part of the paper is dedicated to the cult of St. Blasius, which is present in Croatia since the 10th century until present. Venerated all over the country, St. Blasius has been "elected" the heavenly protector of 10 parish communities, as well as of the city and the dioceses of Dubrovnik. Beside pilgrimage and prayers, among many traditional forms of folk piety, a ritual called "grlicenje" has been preserved-a curative and preventive blessing of the throat with crossed candles on the Saint's Day. In more recent times, the same day has been remembered among Croatian otolaryngologists and the societies of laryngectomized persons, who chose St. Blasius for their patron, too. PMID:15733587

Skrobonja, Ante; Muzur, Amir; Jurdana, Stanko

2004-11-21

398

A methodology to generate a synergetic land-cover map by fusion of different land-cover products  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The main goal of this study is to develop a general framework for building a hybrid land-cover map by the synergistic combination of a number of land-cover classifications with different legends and spatial resolutions. The proposed approach assesses class-specific accuracies of datasets and establishes affinity between thematic legends using a common land-cover language such as the UN Land-Cover Classification System (LCCS). The approach is illustrated over a large region in Europe using four land-cover datasets (CORINE, GLC2000, MODIS and GlobCover), but it can be applied to any set of existing products. The multi-classification map is expected to improve the performance of individual classifications by reconciling their best characteristics while avoiding their main weaknesses. The intermap comparison reveals improved agreement of the hybrid map with all other land-cover products and therefore indicates the successful exploration of synergies between the different products. The approach offers also estimates for the classification confidence associated with the pixel label and flexibility to shift the balance between commission and omission errors, which are critical in order to obtain a desired reliable map.

Pérez-Hoyos, A.; García-Haro, F. J.; San-Miguel-Ayanz, J.

2012-10-01

399

Agrarian reform and ecological change during the Ancien régime: land clearance, peasants and viticulture in the province of Languedoc.  

PubMed

The légende noire of the French Revolution has been the underlying paradigm of much modern French environmental history. This legend contends that peasants were reckless land clearers and tree cutters who disregarded the environment and unleashed an unmitigated natural disaster in the countryside. But the legend is misconceived in many ways. The purpose of this article is to investigate Ancien Régime land-clearance legislation in a non-forested region of France: Lower Languedoc. The results of this land-clearance demonstrate that far from being culpable, the rural masses were officially encouraged to clear and cultivate land on the eve of the Revolution. The French peasantry were not as destructive as the légende noire suggests; the crops they chose to plant on their newly cleared plots reflected a sensitivity towards the environment. Vines were planted on much of the new land-viticulture was not only a sound ecological choice, well-suited to the landscape, but was also attuned to the economic realities of the day. PMID:20672486

Plack, Noelle

2005-01-01

400

Science, art, and mistery in the statues and in the anatomical machines of the prince of sansevero: The masterpieces of the "Sansevero Chapel".  

PubMed

During the 18th century in Naples, Raimondo di Sangro, Prince of Sansevero, completed works on the family chapel, the so-called "Cappella Sansevero." The chapel houses statues of extraordinary beauty and spectacularly detailed but also, in the basement, two human skeletons known as the "Anatomical Machines" ("Macchine Anatomiche"). These two skeletons, a man and a pregnant woman, are entirely surrounded by their circulatory systems, just as if these were suddenly fixed. Legend, believed as truth until few years ago, says that Prince Raimondo had prepared and injected an unknown embalming substance in the blood vessels of two of his servants convicting them to eternal fixity. Recent investigations have demonstrated that, while the bones are authentic, the blood vessels are actually extraordinary artifacts that also reproduce some congenital malformations. The dreadful aspect of these two skeletons appears to be in strident contrast with the classic beauty of the statues which glorify and celebrate the ideal of morphology. Conversely, the two Anatomical Machines, protagonists of legends and superstitions since centuries, represent a marvelous example of science mixed with art. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:24124101

Della Monica, Matteo; Galzerano, Domenico; Di Michele, Sara; Acquaviva, Fabio; Gregorio, Giovanni; Lonardo, Fortunato; Sguazzo, Francesca; Scarano, Francesca; Lama, Diana; Scarano, Gioacchino

2013-10-03

401

Understanding the origins and prevalence of AIDS conspiracy beliefs in the United States and South Africa.  

PubMed

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) originated from cross-species transmission of the simian immunodeficiency virus from primates to humans. Yet a significant minority of people in the United States (US) and South Africa believe that HIV was deliberately created by scientists as a bioweapon. Scholars in the humanities emphasise the historical context, socially situated character and psycho-social dimensions of such aetiological narratives. This is important, but so is the role of individual agents participating in the cultic milieu in which oppositional ideas such as HIV conspiracy theories are borrowed across national, ideological and political divides. This article discusses the origins of the legend of 'HIV as bioweapon' and summarises the available evidence on the prevalence of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) conspiracy beliefs in the US and South Africa. This is followed by a discussion of the history of biowarfare and racial oppression which renders the legend (and its local South African variants) believable for many people. The article then moves beyond socio-historical analysis to argue that analytical space needs to be created to critique the political leaders who promoted AIDS conspiracy beliefs. PMID:22533636

Nattrass, Nicoli

2012-04-25

402

The Solid Rocket Motor Slag Population: Results of a Radar-Based Regressive Statistical Evaluation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Solid rocket motor (SRM) slag has been identified as a potential source of man-made orbital debris. The possibility that SRMs (in addition to generating dust particles in the sub-millimeter range) may generate particles up to centimeters in size has caused concern regarding their contribution to the debris environment. Returned surfaces from space do not have sufficient area or exposure time to provide a clear picture of the SRM millimeter and centimeter debris population. Currently, radar observation is probably the only way to collect data showing the debris contribution from SRMs. Such observation is used to sample the debris environment, but it is difficult to obtain accurate orbital elements for the detected debris objects. NASA has developed several models to describe the different orbital debris populations, based on assumed debris production mechanisms to create clouds of debris objects that can be propagated in time. The NASA model, LEGEND (LEO-to-GEO Environment Debris), functions as a timetested debris model for most debris sources. However, the current LEGEND model does not include contributions from the SRM population. An SRM model has recently been developed by NASA, based on purely theoretical details of SRM production and known SRM launches, but verification with hard data is needed. Because the detections of individual SRM objects cannot be deterministically separated from the total debris observed by radar, the validation of the SRM model can only be done by combining it with the LEGEND breakup model and comparing it with data. By applying observational constraints, the degree of SRM slag contribution to the environment may be estimated. This serves as an observationally sound method from which to calibrate a purely theoretical model into something more realistic. For this study, we use the populations observed by the Haystack radar from 1996 to present. For the SRM debris, we use a historical database of SRM launches, propellant masses, and estimated locations and times of tail-off to produce and propagate the SRM debris clouds. Comparisons with radar data from the ensuing years were made, and the SRM model was altered with respect to size and mass production of slag particles to reflect the populations estimated from the data. The result is a model SRM population that fits within the bounds of the observed environment and estimates of the production and contribution of SRM debris to the environment.

Horstman, Matthew

403

The Countess Margaret of Henneberg and her 365 children.  

PubMed Central

According to an obscure medieval legend, the Countess Margaret of Henneberg, a notable Dutch noblewoman, gave birth to 365 children in the year 1276. The haughty Countess had insulted a poor beggar woman carrying twins, since she believed that a pair of twins must have different fathers, and that their mother must be an adultress. She was punished by God, and gave birth to 365 minute children on Good Friday, 1276. The Countess died shortly after, together with her offspring, in the village of Loosduinen near The Hague. The Countess and her numerous brood were frequently described in historical and obstetrical works. To this day, a memorial tablet and two basins, representing those in which the 365 children were baptized, are to be seen in the church of Loosduinen. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4

Bondeson, J; Molenkamp, A

1996-01-01

404

Arthur L. Schmeltekopf Jr. (1932-2007)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Arthur Louis Schmeltekopf Jr. died of mesothelioma, a lung cancer associated with exposure to asbestos, at his home in Marshall, N. C., on 20 August 2007. He was born on 24 February 1932, in Kyle, Tex., to Arthur L. and Meta (Engelbrecht) Schmeltekopf and grew up nearby on the family farm. Art had an early interest in science. A dispute over the reactivity of alkali metals toward water led to an experiment at Kyle High School involving a chunk of sodium metal and a toilet in the boys' room. The resulting explosion shattered the toilet, creating a flood, multiple geysers and panic in the nearby girls' room, a displaced lid on the school’s septic tank, and an enduring school legend.

Howard, Carleton J.

2009-05-01

405

The ancient Chinese notes on hydrogeology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ancient Chinese notes on hydrogeology are summarized and interpreted, along with records of some related matters, like groundwater exploration and utilization, karst springs, water circulation, water conservation and saline-land transformation, mine drainage, and environmental hydrogeology. The report focuses only on the earliest recorded notes, mostly up until the Han Dynasty (206 BC - AD 25). Besides the references cited, the discussion in this report is based mainly on archaeological material, the preserved written classic literature, and some assumptions and/or conclusions that have been handed down in legends to later ages. Although most material relates to ancient China, the lessons learned may have practical significance worldwide. Compared to other contemporary parts of the world, ancient China, without doubt, took the lead in the field of groundwater hydrology. The great achievements and experience of the Chinese ancestors should provide motivation and inspiration for hydrogeologists to carry out their scientific research and exploration passionately and actively.

Zhou, Yu; Zwahlen, François; Wang, Yanxin

2011-08-01

406

Historical overview of transplantation.  

PubMed

Except for legends and claims of miracles, most histories of transplantation cover only the last 60 years because there were no earlier successes. However, the story of even this era has been documented in such rich detail that a full account would fill several volumes. Thus, this brief summary must be limited to highly selected "landmarks." Some landmarks had an immediate impact, but the importance of others went unrecognized for decades. Some findings that deserved landmark status were overlooked or forgotten, whereas others of no biological significance had major impact. Placing these events in perspective is challenging. Several of transplantation's pioneers are still alive, and most of the others are within living memory. Virtually all of them have produced their own accounts. For the most part, they agree on what the "landmarks" are, but their differences in emphasis and perspective make an interesting story. PMID:23545575

Barker, Clyde F; Markmann, James F

2013-04-01

407

Medieval orality, mothers, and bonding.  

PubMed

The role of women in the Middle Ages was vilification, veneration, and exclusion. Due to the high rates of maternal and infant mortality bonding shifted from the mother-child dyad to one in which the Church, Holy Family, and king acted as pseudo-parents. In art this is suggested by the virtual absence of eye contact between the Virgin and Christ-child. Frustration of early oral needs consequent to lack of adequate mother-child bonding prompted a reactive emphasis on orality in art and legend. A decrease in infant mortality and a reciprocal improvement in mother child bonding contributed to cultural shifts in how self-realization would be accomplished during the Renaissance and in the later emergence of secular humanism. PMID:15132195

Schwartz, Scott C

2004-01-01

408

Plain X-ray diagnosis of the acute abdomen: A surgical handbook with notes on clinical presentation and differential diagnosis  

SciTech Connect

Taken in conjunction with a history and clinical examination, the plain X-ray film may provide invaluable help in reaching or confirming a diagnosis in the patient with an acute abdomen. Designed for the casualty officer or trainee surgeon, this clinical handbook is a practical guide to the interpretation of the plain abdominal X-ray. The format of the first edition has been retained, providing typical examples of X-rays of the conditions which present as abdominal emergencies. Each X-ray is accompanied by a legend in four sections: the characteristic radiological signs demonstrated in the film; the differential diagnosis suggested by the X-ray; the presenting signs and symptoms of the condition under discussion; and a list of possible clinical differential diagnoses.

Gough, M.H.; Gear, M.W.; Daar, A.S.

1985-01-01

409

Stable isotope geochemistry of East African waters. [Abstract only  

SciTech Connect

Lakes and Rivers in East Africa have varied stable isotopic compositions. Lakes exhibit enriched delta13-C values (-2 to +5%), while their inflowing rivers show depleted values (-15 to -8%). Hot springs and standing pools of water have intermediate values. Some small lakes are extremely variable in delta18-0 or deltaD (+2 to +8% and +20 to +40%, respectively for Lake Naivasha), whereas larger lakes are relatively constant for long periods of time (+5.6 to 6.1 and +36 to 40, respectively for Lake Turkana). Isotopic values are unrelated to salinity for comparison between lakes. Stable isotopes also reveal the sources of hot spring discharges: the Kapedo hot springs probably originate from Maralel and not from Lake Baringo as local legend has it; the hot springs north of Lake Naivasha are of meteoric origin while those to the south of Lake Naivasha have similar isotopic compositions to Lake Naivasha.

Sayer, M.D.; Cerling, T.E.; Bowman, J.R.

1983-03-01

410

Icosahedral B{sub 12}, macropolyhedral boranes, {beta}-rhombohedral boron and boron-rich solids  

SciTech Connect

The preference for icosahedral B{sub 12} amongst polyhedral boranes and elemental boron is explained based on an optimization of overlap model. The ingenious ways in which elemental boron and boron-rich solids achieve icosahedron-related structures are explained by a fragment approach. The Jemmis mno rules are used to get the electron requirements. The extra occupancies and vacancies in {beta}-rhombohedral structures are shown to be inevitable results of electron requirements. The detailed understanding of the structure suggests ways of doping {beta}-rhombohedral boron with metals for desired properties. Theoretical studies of model {beta}-rhombohedral solids with metal dopings provide support for the analysis. - Graphical abstract: A short legend: Principal building blocks B{sub 12}, B{sub 57}, and B{sub 84} of elemental boron and boron-rich solids.

Jemmis, Eluvathingal D. [School of Chemistry, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad 500046 (India) and Department of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India)]. E-mail: jemmis@ipc.iisc.ernet.in; Prasad, Dasari L.V.K. [School of Chemistry, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad 500046 (India); Department of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India)

2006-09-15

411

The Tapanui region of New Zealand: Site of a Tunguska around 800 years ago?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Evidence is discussed that the wide-spread fires ca. 800 years ago which denuded the southern provinces of the South Island of New Zealand of the extensive forests present at that time were due to the entry of a large bolide into the atmosphere, the conflagration being ignited by the intense heat generated as this extraterrestrial projectile ablated/detonated in a similar manner to that of the Tunguska object of 1908. These fires led to the extinction of the giant terrestrial bird known as the Moa, and the end of the archaic epoch of Maori history known as the Moa Hunter period. This interpretation is well attested to in Maori myth and legend.

Steel, Duncan; Snow, Peter

1992-12-01

412

Historic Pelham  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Pelham, New York is a city rich with history, dating back to 1654 when Thomas Pell purchased the land from the Siwanoy Native American Indian tribe. The history of the city is detailed in a timeline that begins in the 1500s and includes significant event such as the Battle of Pelham fought in 1776 and the Pelhamville Train Wreck in 1885. This site also highlights some of the more famous people who have ties to Pelham. For example, it is rumored that Aaron Burr, the man who killed Alexander Hamilton in an infamous duel in 1804, spent a couple summers in Pelham with his wife. In addition to historical information on the city of Pelham, the Web site includes a section with ghost stories and legends, photographs of the city, and descriptions of historical landmarks.

413

Ghost Town Gallery  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Two Swiss individuals, Daniel Ter-Nedden and Carola Schibli, have established this lively and informative tribute to those places that form the heart of much folklore and legend within the American West: the ghost town. The site contains over 1300 photographs from 174 ghost towns across the West, with the majority of them located in Nevada, Utah, New Mexico, California, and Arizona. Each ghost town entry is complemented with photography, short captions, and a brief history of each place. To encourage browsing of different states, a clickable map allows users to search different geographical areas for individual ghost towns. Visitors to the site can sign the guestbook, send a virtual ghost town postcard, and even purchase high-quality prints of different photographs featured on the site. Visitors will also find the page of additional ghost town links helpful, along with a brief explanation of how these two Swiss residents became involved in "ghost towning."

414

Historical impacts of geothermal resources on the people of North America  

SciTech Connect

The Indians of North America considered hot springs as a sacred place where the {open_quotes}Great Spirit{close_quotes} lived, and thus were great believers in the miraculous healing powers of the heat and mineral waters. These areas were also known as neutral ground; where warriors could travel to and rest unmolested by other tribes. Even though archeological finds date Native American presence at hot springs for over 10,000 years, there is no recorded history prior to the arrival of the Europeans in the 1500`s. Many legends concerning geothermal activities are part of the Native American oral history, such as about Madame Pele, the Hawaiian goddess of volcanic fire, and the story of the battle between Skell and Llao describing the eruptions of Mt. Mazama (Crater Lake) and Mt. Shasta. Obsidian was one of the prized volcanic trading items used by the Indians for tools and weapons.

Lund, J.W.

1995-10-01

415

The bones in the Abbey: are they the murdered princes? A review of the evidence.  

PubMed

In 1674, the skeletons of two children were found in the Tower of London. They were believed to represent the remains of the "Princes in the Tower" (who had disappeared in 1483), and were reinterred as such in Westminster Abbey. Popular belief and conventional historical tradition held that the princes had been murdered by their uncle, King Richard III, to clear his path to the throne. In 1933, the bones in the Abbey were disinterred and examined, with the conclusion that they were indeed those of the princes. One skull was also thought to show evidence of death by suffocation, supporting another feature of popular legend. Later reviews of the investigation, however, revealed significant errors and omissions. This report summarizes the inconsistencies present in the scientific record and suggests that reexamination of the remains with improved techniques in both carbon dating and forensic science would provide a much more accurate analysis, thus helping to clarify the historical record. PMID:2648813

Bramwell, N H; Byard, R W

1989-03-01

416

Roles of Phospholipase C Isozymes in Organogenesis and Embryonic Development - Figure 2: Roles of PLC in fertilization and egg activation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Figure 2: Roles of PLC in fertilization and egg activation. Legend: The process of fertilization. 1) The sperm approaches the egg. 2) The sperm binds to zona pellucida (ZP), resulting in [Ca2+]i increase in sperm in a PLC-4-dependent manner. [Ca2+]i has a primary role in the execution of the acrosome reaction, and acrosomal enzymes digest the ZP. 3) The sperm penetrates ZP. 4) The plasma membranes of sperm and egg fuse. Mammalian sperm appear to deliver a soluble factor, PLC-, into the egg to initiate [Ca2+]i oscillation. Inset: typical pattern of [Ca2+]i oscillation in egg. From Nakamura Y, Fukami K. Roles of Phospholipase C Isozymes in Organogenesis and Embryonic Development. Physiology 24: 332-341, 2009

Yoshikazu Nakamura (Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences); Kiyoko Fukami (Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences)

2009-12-01

417

National Geographic: Coffee  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This artful National Geographic website serves up a virtual cup of coffee legends and information. The website is better suited for coffee novices than experts, as it provides mostly introductory information about this widely loved beverage. Site features include brief descriptions of significant moments in coffee history (beginning in Ethiopia around A.D. 800), an overview of basic roasts, and statistics for top coffee-producing countries (with links to country maps). The site contains a National Geographic magazine article about coffee from 1981; a list of related books and articles; and links to related websites. Site visitors will also find a Coffee Talk forum, which has not seen much activity in the past year, but has the potential to be a center for coffee-related conversation on the Web.

418

Irish Serials in the Boston College Libraries  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Boston College Library system has online a searchable database of its noted Irish Serials collection. Researchers can now browse and search the list of over 1,400 newspapers, magazines, and journals that originate from or pertain to Ireland before deciding on whether to take a trip to Boston. The Libraries' holdings "range in date from 1685 to the present and cover Irish history, literature, politics, art, archaeology, economics, genealogy, music, and law." Users can search by title keyword, date range, or microform series. Search returns provide complete holdings information and a legend denoting microfiche or microform series. For example, NIPL denotes the Northern Ireland Political Literature series and IPRN (POST CW REP.) the Post Civil War Republican/Fianna Fail series.

419

The Great Chicago Fire & The Web of Memory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Many American cities have been destroyed via a great conflagration, and the Great Chicago Fire of 1871 is certainly one of the best known. The Chicago History Museum has created this two-part website which explores the history of the fire and also the ways in which the fire has been remembered. In the first section ("The Great Chicago Fire") visitors can look over essays about pre-fire Chicago from writers like Frederick Francis Cook and Bessie Bradwell Helmer, who were present at the fire. Back on the homepage, the "Special Features" area includes a chronological timeline of the fire, an interactive tour of fire landmarks, and some 3D views. The second primary section of the site is titled "The Web Of Memory" and it contains eyewitness reports, front page reporting from the frontlines, and a clutch of documents about the legend of Mrs. O'Leary's cow.

420

Comets - Teacher Page: Lesson Plan  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The purpose of this lesson is for students to explore the nature and composition of a comet. The student will select ingredients to create a comet and will learn to identify ingredients responsible for a comet nucleus, and how changes in the nucleus when the comet approaches the Sun cause two different kinds of tails to form. Students can explore some facts, myths, and legends linked to the appearance of comets throughout history. The site also contains a section on evaluation and assessment that is based upon what the students observed about comets in the "Make A Comet" activity. It challenges students to observe images of different comets and asks them to identify what type of tail or tails the comets are showing. There is also an extensive vocabulary list of associated terms.

Reagle, Mildred; Jackson, Charlotte; Storrs, Alex

421

Molecular Structure of Tryptophan  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Tryptophan is highly important as it is the metabolic precursor to serotonin. Serotonin is well-known for the psychological effects resulting from an imbalance of this neuroactive chemical. Food sources of tryptophan are dairy products, beef, poultry, barley, brown rice, fish, soybeans, and peanuts. Urban legends link the intake of tryptophan in turkey an increased desire to sleep, hence the inclination to nap after Thanksgiving turkey eating. Although highly necessary, tryptophan is only obtained in about 1 to1.5 grams in a normal diet. Luckily, smaller amounts of tryptophan are more well-accepted by the body than larger amounts (6-9 g). A deficiency of tryptophan can cause aggressive behavior. Shown in the applet is the cationic part of L-tryptophan hydrochloride, (C11H13N2O2)+.

2002-08-22

422

Bedrock Geologic Map of Maine  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity students study a map of bedrock geology which describes the types of rocks that exist in a given area. It shows these rock units as well as their known and inferred contacts. Consideration is also given to folding, faulting, unconformities, and similar rock relationships. These features are often included in bedrock geology maps. Students study the legend and scale and become aware of the other information that is included on the map such as the stratigraphic column, list of formations, and inset map of metamorphic grade. Students then locate their city or town and draw a 40-mile diameter circle around it and identify all the symbols inside the circle and the age of the various rocks. Student question sheets are available at this site. Although this activity was written for a map of Maine, it will work in any state where geological maps are available.

423

Breathing Earth  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Visual simulation and representation programs and applications have been popping up online in greater numbers, and this recent find is one that will pique the interest of scientists, policy makers, and others who are concerned about carbon dioxide emission rates across the Earth. The Breathing Earth site was created by David Bleja, and he draws on a number of resources (such as the World Factbook and the United Nations) for the data that is utilized to create this site. Visitors can scroll over different countries to learn about their population, their emissions, and their birth and death rate. This interactive map and educational resource also contains a legend in the right-hand corner which explains the various symbols in use here.

Bleja, David

424

The speed of response to synthesized voice messages  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The effectiveness of synthesized cockpit voice warning messages using measures of reaction time (RT) was evaluated. Research has shown that voice messages are comparable to audio warnings and that synthesized voice messages are easily recognizable at low signal to noise ratios. Four different warning arrangements were used of which three had a Votrax voice component. The four warning systems represent possible warning combinations for transport aircraft. Subjects had to deal with simulated emergencies while performing a psychomotor tracking task and monitoring ATC messages. Thirty commercial pilots took part in the study. Overall the four warning systems were equally effective in terms of RT. However, voice messages had significantly slower RT's than audio warnings. Voice messages and illuminated legends caused significantly less disruption of ATC monitoring than audio warnings. Pilots also consistently cross checked voice and audio inputs with visual indicators.

Wheale, J. L.

1981-06-01

425

Glory Days: New York Baseball, 1947-1957  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Today, New York's professional baseball teams consist of the New York Yankees and the Mets, but in the middle of the last century there was one more (the Brooklyn Dodgers), and the rivalries were the stuff of sports legend. This online exhibit from the Museum of the City of New York explores these relationships through ten short "chapters" that chronicle the evolution of the game in Gotham from 1947 to 1957. Each chapter has a topical theme ("The Fans", for example), complemented by a series of digitized items, including programs, scorecards, stadium photographs, World Series rings, and so on. Visitors can even look through the "Exhibition Photos" area to see how the exhibition looked during its run at the Museum.

Thorn, John

426

Leadership and Legacy: Athletics and the University of Oregon  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The history of athletics at the University of Oregon is the primary subject of this site created by the University of Oregon Libraries' Special Collections and University Archives department. While telling the basic story of this history is important, the site also tells "the story of athletics in higher education." Visitors can peruse topics that include "The Track and Field Legacy", "The University's Response to Title IX", and "The University's Approach to Changes in Athletics". Within each section, visitors can view photos and other original documentary materials that tell the story of such luminaries as track legend Steve Prefontaine and others. Additionally, visitors can view their highly interactive timeline of events, which features options that allow users to toggle various sports on and off as they move through time. As expected, those who know what they are looking for can also search the collection by keyword.

427

Entertaining America: Jews, Movies, and Broadcasting  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Since the rise of the nickelodeons, Jews have been bringing their own performance sensibilities to audiences all over the United States and the world in many different incarnations. Ranging from the comic genius of Jerry Lewis to the vaudeville legend Al Jolson, Jews (like many other ethnic groups) have become an indelible piece of the American entertainment fabric. Provided by The Jewish Museum (in tandem with an ongoing exhibit at the museum in New York), this online exhibit takes a look at certain popular works (like The Jazz Singer) and the rise of Yiddish film and radio as a way of looking at the relationships between Jews and American entertainment media. Through the exhibit, visitors can read brief essays and view objects related to such cultural phenomena as Seinfeld, Your Show of Shows, and Yiddish film.

428

Painting With Natural Dyes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is part of an integrated elementary unit called "Painted Tipis." The unit is best taught in the fall in conjunction with the September celebration "American Indian Heritage Week." It integrates lessons on literature through legends and myths, language (Blackfeet), and mathematics through structural components of the tipi. The activity introduces the students to the art of dyeing as used in ancestral tipi paintings. Historical cultural ties are an integral part of the Native American students learning and this unit provides those connections. The purpose of this lesson is to provide elementary students with the opportunity to explore, identify and locate area plants. The inquiry cooperative learning component of this lesson will be to determine the color (dye) producing possibilities of the plant. Students will also plan and carry out an experiment to produce the dyestuff of the plant as well as create possible mordants, which is a chemical or metallic compound that will "fasten" the color to the fabric.

Barbara Arrowtop (Heart Butte School)

1999-07-01

429

NOVA: Pocahontas Revealed  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Who was Pocahontas? It's a question that has puzzled historians and archaeologists for centuries, and this recent documentary from NOVA takes a nuanced and in-depth look into both the reality and the myth surrounding her. The program draws on a wide variety of perspectives, and this complementary website could be used as an educational tool in the classroom or just as a means for personal edification. Visitors can watch a short video preview of the program, and then take a look through the "Images of A Legend" area, which provides twelve different visual interpretations of Pocahontas from the early 17th century all the way up to her recent portrayal in a popular animated film. Other areas of the site include "The Science of Jamestown", "Touching the Past", and "Bold Endeavor", which features an essay by historian David Silverman on the clash of cultures between Jamestown's colonists and Pocahontas' people.

2007-11-28

430

A Course in Science and Pseudoscience  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new course at Hockaday, Science and Pseudoscience, examines what we know, how we know it, and why we get fooled so often and so easily. This is a course in which we measure things we thought we understood and use statistical analysis to test our understanding. We investigate extraordinary claims through the methods of science, asking what makes a good scientific theory, and what makes scientific evidence. We examine urban myths, legends, bad science, medical quackery, and plain old hoaxes. We analyze claims of UFOs, cold fusion, astrology, structure-altered water, apricot pit cures, phlogiston and N-rays, phrenology and orgonomy, ghosts, telekinesis, crop circles and the Bermuda Triangle -- some may be true, some are plainly false, and some we're not really sure of. We develop equipment and scientific techniques to investigate extra-sensory perception, precognition, and EM disturbances.

Taylor, Richard

2009-04-01

431

matplotlib -- A Portable Python Plotting Package  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

matplotlib is a portable 2D plotting and imaging package aimed primarily at visualization of scientific, engineering, and financial data. matplotlib can be used interactively from the Python shell, called from python scripts, or embedded in a GUI application (GTK, Wx, Tk, Windows). Many popular hardcopy outputs are supported including JPEG, PNG, PostScript and SVG. Features include the creation of multiple axes and figures per page, interactive navigation, many predefined line styles and symbols, images, antialiasing, alpha blending, date and financial plots, W3C compliant font management and FreeType2 support, legends and tables, pseudocolor plots, mathematical text and more. It works with both numarray and Numeric. The goals of the package, basic architecture, current features (illustrated with examples), and planned enhancements will be described.

Barrett, P.; Hunter, J.; Miller, J. T.; Hsu, J.-C.; Greenfield, P.

2005-12-01

432

Geologic Provinces of the United States  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site provides all information, instructions, downloadable materials, and links to online materials for an exercise developed for use in a Geology of the National Parks course. Using the provided maps, groups of 3 to 6 students are asked to identify between 8 and 12 geologic provinces based on topography, the age of rocks, and the rock types. As a result of this exercise, students will become familiar and comfortable with reading maps and legends, learn basic rock types and how geologic time is divided, define geologic provinces that will form an outline for learning the geology of the U.S., and be able to discuss the maps they create based on what they've learned. This exercise is intended for one of the first class meetings of the quarter or semester and ideally students will approach this exercise without much or any prior knowledge of the geology of the United States.

Leech, Mary

433

Mount Bailey, Oregon  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site features links to all aspects of Mt. Bailey, a volcano in the Cascade Range, including its geographic setting, and geologic and eruptive history. Mount Bailey is the southernmost volcano in a north-south-trending volcanic chain 10 kilometers long that rises west of Diamond Lake. This mountain was originally know as Old Baldy, and was probably mistakenly recorded as Old Bailey. It was known as Youxlokes to the Klamath, which meant Medicine Mountain and, according to legend, medicine men and priests often feasted on the summit and communed with the upper world. Links labeled 'Special Items of Interest' lead to information about volcanic highlights and features, and points of interest. Other links lead to maps, graphics, images, publications, reports, and other items of interest involving this volcano and others.

434

Take Five  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What if you could learn about how to prepare for emergency situations, explore the legends of the Alamo, and the rise of wireless communications all in one place? Sounds like a pretty good deal, and it is all possible via the Take Five website. Presented by the University of Texas at Austin, the Take Five website presents videos of various faculty members talking about their areas of expertise in an accessible and engaging format. Since the spring of 2003, the Take Five project has presented five new lectures each semester (hence the name of the project), and visitors to the site have access to all of these materials. The presentations are uniformly quite good, and along with the previously mentioned topics, they also cover such areas as minority entrepreneurship and the role of technology in addressing the worldÂs major health problems.

435

Historic Baseball Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Library of Congress is ready to take die-hard baseball fans out to the (virtual) ballgame with this cornucopia of digital resources related to America's favorite pastime. Visitors can get started by looking through the "Baseball History" facts on the right-hand side of the homepage, and then dive on in to some of the featured collections, which include "Baseball Cards, 1887-1914", the informative "Did You Know?" area, or a feature on the old chestnut, "Take Me Out to the Ball Game". Other materials can be found in the sections "Collections", "Images", and "Audio/Video". The "Audio/Video" area has some nice treats, including an 1898 film of a baseball game recorded by Thomas Edison and a talk by author Stephen Borelli about baseball broadcasting legend Mel Allen.

436

Branch Rickey Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Noted baseball legend Branch Rickey started out his life in southern Ohio, where he grew up and later attended Ohio Wesleyan University in Delaware, Ohio. Later on, he would sign Jackie Robinson to the Brooklyn Dodgers and changed the tenor and face of major league baseball in the United States forever. Rickey had a 65-year relationship with his alma mater, and this digital collection explores that relationship through images and text. The collection includes newspaper clippings from Rickey's time at the university, along with shots of the campus from the early 20th century, and documents from the church he attended as a young man. Visitors can browse the collection by subject, title or author, and they can also sign up to create their own archive of items for browsing at a later date.

Haddaway, Emily D.

437

Mendelism in human genetics: 100 years on.  

PubMed

Genetics (Greek word--'genes' = born) is a science without an objective past. But the genre of genetics was always roaming in the corridors of human psyche since antiquity. The account of heritable deformities in human often appears in myths and legends. Ancient Hindu Caste system was based on the assumption that both desirable and undesirable traits are passed from generation to generation. In Babylonia 60 birth defects were listed on Clay tablets written around 5,000 year ago. The Jewish Talmud contains accurate description of the inheritance of haemophilia--a human genetic disorder. The Upanisads vedant--800--200 BC provides instructions for the choice of a wife emphasizing that no heritable illness should be present and that the family should show evidence of good character for several preceding generations. These examples indicate that heritable human traits played a significant role in social customs are presented in this article. PMID:17154118

Majumdar, Sisir K

438

Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This seventh edition of the Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe, available in English and French, was posted on the Web in September 2001. The atlas, a project of Christos Nussli, consists of maps "depicting with accuracy the states of this continent every first day of each centennial year from AD 1 to AD 2000." A legend helps users understand each of the maps, which are presented as expandable thumbnails. The site also links to a bibliography and maps from De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors. Though the site functions in part as an advertisement for Nussli's CD version of the atlas, it is nonetheless a useful stop in its own right.

Nussli, Christos.

439

Schoolyard Geology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This set of lessons provides teachers with ideas on how to turn their schoolyards into a rich geologic experience that students will find familiar, easily accessible, and personally relevant. The three lesson plans feature materials on mapping, rock descriptions and geologic interpretations, ages of rocks, and dinosaur tracks. Lesson 1, "Map Your Schoolyard," teaches students what maps are, what they are used for, and some features used on maps (north arrow, scale bar, legend, etc.). Lesson 2, "Rock Stories," illustrates how to make geologic observations and what important properties of rocks to look for. Lesson 3, "GeoSleuth Schoolyard," teaches students that geology is a lot like detective work, in which geologists infer the sequence and timing of events by collecting evidence and making observations. Relevant California state science standards are also listed.

440

Glann Seaborg's Contributions to Heavy Element Science and the Periodic Table  

SciTech Connect

In celebrating the centennial anniversary of the birth of Glenn T. Seaborg it is fitting that we recount and pay tribute to his legacy. Many know of the scientific accomplishments of this man who became a legend and anyone who has attended his lectures can attest to how informative, educational, and entertaining he was. He had a beguiling and whimsical sense of humor and used this to drive home his points and share his passion and quest for discovery. The periodic table is a fundamental cornerstone of science and remains a central unifying principal. Seaborg was the architect of the actinide series of elements and their proper placement in the periodic table and co-discoverer of ten transuranium elements - one of which bears his name, element 106, seaborgium. The work and achievements of this Nobel laureate have touched the lives of many and his legacy will continue for generations to come.

Hobart, David E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-08-17

441

[Study on Bian Que's tomb and temple].  

PubMed

The historical archives and records and the existed Bian Que's tombs and temples in over a dozen of locations, including Hebei, Shandong, Henan, Shanxi, have aroused controversies as to which is the authentic one. So far, no conclusion can be drawn. By combining the burial and offering customs and rituals at the end of Spring-Autumn period, analyses are made on Bian Que's tombs, temples, former residence, Bian Que Village, Bian Que town, historical remains of Prince Guo and legends on location of Bian Que's activity for making immortal pills etc., it is claimed by the authors that, besides a few places related to Bian Que's life, all the others are tombs and temples built by local people where Bian Que's visited for his memory, and his merits, reflecting the historical facts about Bian Que's activities. All these historical and cultural remains are precious evidences for the historic appraisal of Bian Que by modern scholars. PMID:11613250

Cao, D; Guo, S; Wang, Z; Wang, W; Yan, S

1995-01-01

442

PALSAR Tropical Forest Cover Mapping, Mosaicing and Validation, Case Study Borneo  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The production of spatially detailed maps of (very) large areas, and time series of these maps, requires dedicated processing approaches. This paper introduces finite mixture modelling and Markov Random Field classification as a tool for production and mosaicing of detailed thematic maps. Results are shown for a multitemporal classification of the entire island of Borneo for the year 2007 using 50 m resolution PALSAR FBS an FBD strip data. First results indicate that more than 20 classes of forest and land cover can be distinguished well, even though strips have been collected over a 46- day cycle of observation. Validation of the Borneo map is still ongoing using large ground data sets and other reference sets spread over Borneo. It is pursued to develop legends in compliance with LCCS and IPCC guidelines. These results may be of key interest to develop REDD projects for the humid tropics. This work has been conducted in the framework of the JAXA Kyoto & Carbon Initiative [1].

Hoekman, D. H.; Quińones, M. J.; Verhoeven, R.; Vissers, M. A. M.; Schut, V.; Wielaard, N.

2009-04-01

443

San Francisco Cable Car Museum  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Celebrated in American film, song, and popular legend, the San Francisco cable car gets its full due on this well honed site devoted to the history and operation of this cherished form of transportation. Beginning with a virtual tour of the Cable Car Museum, the site contains a full roster of current San Francisco cable cars and a detailed explanation of how a cable car works. Probably the strongest aspect of the site is the sheer amount of visual material available here, including over 150 photos that relate the history of the cable car system and continue on to the present day. Recent additions to the site include a collection of historic cable car transfers and information about a new book on cable cars in San Francisco.

2002-01-01

444

The Biology Project: The Chemistry of Amino Acids  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Biology Project at the University of Arizona doesn't shy away from the big (or little) questions of life and science, and this helpful educational resource will be another educational arrow in the quiver of science educators from Seattle to Tashkent. The site provides a basic introduction to amino acids, offering a brief description of their role as the "building blocks" of protein. After reading the introduction, students can learn about the structure of amino acids, and then take on a few exercises in the "Test yourself" section of the site. Of course, that's not all, as visitors can also learn about each amino acid separately, and there's even a handy legend that makes learning that much easier.

445

Giotto: The Scrovegni Chapel  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site offers an up-close tour through Giotto's frescos in the Cappella dell'Arena in Padua (also called the Scrovegni Chapel), built by Enrico Scrovegni between 1300 and 1303 on the site of a Roman amphitheater. Carefully researched and presented by Roy Evans, the site introduces the user to Giotto, an art historical legend, and presents Giotto's fresco representation of the lives of the Virgin Mary and Jesus Christ. Users can browse through the frescos, zooming in on details. Giotto is often regarded as a founder of modern painting since he broke with the painting conventions of his day and attempted to depict three-dimensional figures in space on a flat surface. The frescos in the Scrovegni Chapel show the full scope of this artistic revolution. See the third image, "The Annunciation of Anna," to appreciate Giotto's handling of space.

446

The medieval unicorn: historical and iconographic applications of psychoanalysis.  

PubMed

One of the most popular subjects of European art in the late Middle Ages and Renaissance was the legend of the unicorn, whereby the mythical beast, otherwise uncapturable, was lured into the lap of a beautiful virgin--an allegory of Christ's Incarnation. The curiously double nature of the virgin in this tale, her purity versus her duplicity, seems unquestionably related to the infantile split mother, as elucidated by Klein--a connection explored in an earlier paper. Yet the split virgin is also clearly related to the Catharist heresy, which overtook Europe in the twelfth century and which held, in defiance of Christian orthodoxy, that the cosmos was divided between the force of good and the force of evil. (The legend may also have connections with troubadour poetry, in which the woman is all-powerful, all pure and all-denying.) Catharism was brutally suppressed by the Church in the early thirteenth century, and it is precisely at that time that the unicorn's "virgin capture" begins to pervade the visual arts. It thus appears that these artistic representations took the place of Catharism as a sublimated expression of the unconsciously surviving split mother. Such a connection would confirm Klein's observation that splitting is never entirely outgrown by the psyche. Klein's point is also confirmed by the Church's encouragement of Mariolatry--in which the godhead is divided between the powerful Father and the merciful Virgin Mary--at the same time that Catharism was being wiped out. Beneath the overt Oedipal meaning of Mariolatry, one sees the Church providing an orthodox outlet for the pre-Oedipal need to split the object. PMID:2448274

Mohacsy, I

1988-01-01

447

Interactive Volcano Studies and Education Using Virtual Globes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Internet-based virtual globe programs such as Google Earth provide a spatial context for visualization of monitoring and geophysical data sets. At the Alaska Volcano Observatory, Google Earth is being used to integrate satellite imagery, modeling of volcanic eruption clouds and seismic data sets to build new monitoring and reporting tools. However, one of the most useful information sources for environmental monitoring is under utilized. Local populations, who have lived near volcanoes for decades are perhaps one of the best gauges for changes in activity. Much of the history of the volcanoes is only recorded through local legend. By utilizing the high level of internet connectivity in Alaska, and the interest of secondary education in environmental science and monitoring, it is proposed to build a network of observation nodes around local schools in Alaska and along the Aleutian Chain. A series of interactive web pages with observations on a volcano's condition, be it glow at night, puffs of ash, discolored snow, earthquakes, sounds, and even current weather conditions can be recorded, and the users will be able to see their reports in near real time. The database will create a KMZ file on the fly for upload into the virtual globe software. Past observations and legends could be entered to help put a volcano's long-term activity in perspective. Beyond the benefit to researchers and emergency managers, students and teachers in the rural areas will be involved in volcano monitoring, and gain an understanding of the processes and hazard mitigation efforts in their community. K-12 students will be exposed to the science, and encouraged to participate in projects at the university. Infrastructure at the university can be used by local teachers to augment their science programs, hopefully encouraging students to continue their education at the university level.

Dehn, J.; Bailey, J. E.; Webley, P.

2006-12-01

448

A Tapestry of Time and Terrain: The Union of Two Maps - Geology and Topography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Explore the new, interactive, digital map created from merging two United States Geological Survey (USGS) maps that depict the topography and geology of the United States. This composite is the most detailed and accurate portrait of the U.S. land surface and the ages of its underlying rock formations. The new map resembles traditional 3-D perspective drawings of landscapes with the addition of a fourth dimension, geologic time, which is shown in color. By mutually enhancing the landscape and its underlying temporal structure, this digital tapestry outlines the geologic story of continental collision and break-up, mountain building, river erosion and deposition, ice-cap glaciation, volcanism, and other events and processes that have shaped the region over the last 2.6 billion years. Creation information is given for each component map. The geologic map is an adaptation of the 'Geologic Map' of King and Beikman (1974), while the topography half is derived from the 'Digital Shaded-Relief Image', created by Thelin and Pike (1991). Over forty unique features are explained, with links to information about the respective geologic time periods of which they are a part. A legend page displays a clickable geologic time scale, which when a period is selected all features that correspond to the chosen time frame are highlighted and hypertext directs to specific discussions. A page for 'Boundaries' divides the continental U.S. by state borders and physiographic regions. The state borders map allows display of each individual state with the corresponding geologic legend of depicted features, whereas the physiographic regions map lists the broad-scale subdivisions which are based on terrain texture, rock type, and geologic structure and history. An online puzzle allows resource users to test their knowledge of the locations of the small-scale physiographic divisions. Finally, a 'Panorama Movie' of the maps is presented.

Jewel, Eleanore

449

Line shape study of acetylene transitions in the ? 1 + ? 2 + ? 4 + ? 5 band over a range of temperatures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Schematic diagram of the diode laser spectrometer used in this study. Legend : 1 - vacuum system; 2 - cooling system NesLab ULT 80 Chiller; 3 - gas sample; 4 and 5 - fabry Perot interferometer and controller; 6 - detector pre-amps and power supplies; 7 - WA-1500 EXFO wavemeter; 8 and 9 - velocity diode laser head and controller; 10 - MKS Baratron pressure gauges; L1, L2, L3 - focusing lenses; M1 and M2 - directing mirrors; D1, D2 and D3 - InGas detectors; C1-C4 - collimators; S1-S4 - fiber splitters; Vacuum lines are shown in thick black lines. Coolant lines are shown in blue. Laser path is shown by the red lines. Thin curved lines show fiber optic cables. We measured self broadened line parameters for transitions in the ? 1 +? 2 +? 4 +? 5 band of C 2 H 2 over a range of temperatures. The profiles have been fitted using Voigt and speed-dependent Voigt profiles, to which we have added dispersion profiles. The self-induced line parameters and their temperature dependences were measured for the first time for this band.

Povey, Chad; Predoi-Cross, Adriana; Hurtmans, Daniel R.

2011-07-01

450

Addendum for the Phase I Hydrologic Data for the Groundwater Flow and Contaminant Transport Model of Corrective Action Unit 97: Yucca Flat/Climax Mine, Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada, Revision 0 (page changes)  

SciTech Connect

This document, which makes changes to Phase I Hydrologic Data for the Groundwater Flow and Contaminant Transport Model of Corrective Action Unit 97: Yucca Flat/Climax Mine, Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada, S-N/99205--077, Revision 0 (June 2006), was prepared to address review comments on this final document provided by the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP) in a letter dated August 4, 2006. The document includes revised pages that address NDEP review comments and comments from other document users. Change bars are included on these pages to identify where the text was revised. In addition to the revised pages, the following clarifications are made for the two plates inserted in the back of the document: • Plate 4: Disregard the repeat of legend text ‘Drill Hole Name’ and ‘Drill Hole Location’ in the lower left corner of the map. • Plate 6: The symbol at the ER-16-1 location (white dot on the lower left side of the map) is not color-coded because no water level has been determined. The well location is included for reference. • Plate 6: The symbol at the ER-12-1 location (upper left corner of the map), a yellow dot, represents the lower water level elevation. The higher water level elevation, represented by a red dot, was overprinted.

John McCord

2007-05-01

451

Learning Assessment #7 - Maps & Structures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Given a cross-sectional diagram of two rock outcrops (From Earth: Portrait of a Planet 4th edition by Stephan Marshak. Copyright Ă 2012, 2008, 2005, 2001 by W.W. Norton & Company, Inc. Used by permission of W. W. Norton & Company, Inc.), Part 1 of this activity asks students to sketch a fault structure that would explain the rock configuration. Labels for all important parts of the fault are required (hanging wall, foot wall, arrows indicating movement and the maximum stress direction). The fault must be identified as either normal or reverse. Only one of two possible solutions is required. Given a map template, Part 2 asks students to sketch a geological map of the outcrops based on their fault from Part 1. Required elements include all lithological contacts, strike/dip symbols, structural labels and a proper legend. Part 3 of this activity gives students the same schematic cross-section as in Part 1, except now they have to draw folds that would explain the rock configuration. Labels for the hinge line, axial plane and maximum stress direction must be included.

Reid, Leslie; Speta, Michelle

452

VisANT 4.0: Integrative network platform to connect genes, drugs, diseases and therapies.  

PubMed

With the rapid accumulation of our knowledge on diseases, disease-related genes and drug targets, network-based analysis plays an increasingly important role in systems biology, systems pharmacology and translational science. The new release of VisANT aims to provide new functions to facilitate the convenient network analysis of diseases, therapies, genes and drugs. With improved understanding of the mechanisms of complex diseases and drug actions through network analysis, novel drug methods (e.g., drug repositioning, multi-target drug and combination therapy) can be designed. More specifically, the new update includes (i) integrated search and navigation of disease and drug hierarchies; (ii) integrated disease-gene, therapy-drug and drug-target association to aid the network construction and filtering; (iii) annotation of genes/drugs using disease/therapy information; (iv) prediction of associated diseases/therapies for a given set of genes/drugs using enrichment analysis; (v) network transformation to support construction of versatile network of drugs, genes, diseases and therapies; (vi) enhanced user interface using docking windows to allow easy customization of node and edge properties with build-in legend node to distinguish different node type. VisANT is freely available at: http://visant.bu.edu. PMID:23716640

Hu, Zhenjun; Chang, Yi-Chien; Wang, Yan; Huang, Chia-Ling; Liu, Yang; Tian, Feng; Granger, Brian; Delisi, Charles

2013-05-28

453

VisANT 4.0: Integrative network platform to connect genes, drugs, diseases and therapies  

PubMed Central

With the rapid accumulation of our knowledge on diseases, disease-related genes and drug targets, network-based analysis plays an increasingly important role in systems biology, systems pharmacology and translational science. The new release of VisANT aims to provide new functions to facilitate the convenient network analysis of diseases, therapies, genes and drugs. With improved understanding of the mechanisms of complex diseases and drug actions through network analysis, novel drug methods (e.g., drug repositioning, multi-target drug and combination therapy) can be designed. More specifically, the new update includes (i) integrated search and navigation of disease and drug hierarchies; (ii) integrated disease–gene, therapy–drug and drug–target association to aid the network construction and filtering; (iii) annotation of genes/drugs using disease/therapy information; (iv) prediction of associated diseases/therapies for a given set of genes/drugs using enrichment analysis; (v) network transformation to support construction of versatile network of drugs, genes, diseases and therapies; (vi) enhanced user interface using docking windows to allow easy customization of node and edge properties with build-in legend node to distinguish different node type. VisANT is freely available at: http://visant.bu.edu.

Hu, Zhenjun; Chang, Yi-Chien; Wang, Yan; Huang, Chia-Ling; Liu, Yang; Tian, Feng; Granger, Brian; DeLisi, Charles

2013-01-01

454

Historical documents reveal their secrets: the digiterati look past the darkness  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Advances in digital imaging technology have presented new opportunities for scholars to better study ancient texts through image clarification and enhancement, Textual material exists over a period of at least 5000 years, written on a great variety of material including leather, clay, stone, papyrus, copper and, of course, paper. Much of the knowledge we have of the past emerges through this textual material. The written material provides us with the knowledge and traditions of our past. The histories of religion, technology, science, medicine, astronomy, cartography and commerce are ensconced in the ancient writings left by civilizations and traditions of the past. Not only is knowledge transmitted from this ancient past but records and events of the past are there for use and applications in current times. Records of astronomical occurrences, migratory patterns, climatic incidences, warfare, visions, predictions, pestilence, legends, myths, histories, heroes and despots all play a role in understanding current and future schemes and strategies. Our knowledge base builds on the past and the more we learn about the past the better we can understand and deal with the present and plan for the future.

Johnston, Robert H.; Easton, Roger L.; Knox, Keith T.

1998-01-01

455

The Infinite in the Finite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A conversation between Euclid and the ghost of Socrates. . . the paths of the moon and the sun charted by the stone-builders of ancient Europe. . .the Greek ideal of the golden mean by which they measured beauty. . . Combining historical fact with a retelling of ancient myths and legends, this lively and engaging book describes the historical, religious and geographical background that gave rise to mathematics in ancient Egypt, Babylon, China, Greece, India, and the Arab world. Each chapter contains a case study where mathematics is applied to the problems of the era, including the area of triangles and volume of the Egyptian pyramids; the Babylonian sexagesimal number system and our present measure of space and time which grew out of it; the use of the abacus and remainder theory in China; the invention of trigonometry by Arab mathematicians; and the solution of quadratic equations by completing the square developed in India. These insightful commentaries will give mathematicians and general historians a better understanding of why and how mathematics arose from the problems of everyday life, while the author's easy, accessible writing style will open fascinating chapters in the history of mathematics to a wide audience of general readers.

Macintosh Wilson, Alistair

1996-01-01

456

Research on visualization quality control of electronic map  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The realization of map functions is usually paid much more attention to than the visualization quality of map in the development of electronic map. As a result, the visualization effect of electronic map is unsatisfactory. The visualization quality of electronic map is directly related to user's understanding of geographical information and influences the application of electronic map. Along with extensive expansion and application of electronic map, visualization effect of electronic map has already become an important aspect to evaluate electronic map products. To examine the evaluation and the control techniques of electronic map visualization quality and to establish evaluation standards of electronic map visualization quality are of great significance at present. Based on the experiences in electronic map design, development of electronic map platform and professional application, the authors summarize several factors affecting visualization quality of electronic map: user interface, display capacity, visual effect, display speed, dynamic labeling, real-time display, legend and symbol design, and other aspects including temporal effect, mark effect, dynamic generalization, and dynamic projection. Combining with the practice in developing an electronic atlas system called eMapSee, the authors analyze related control techniques of visualization quality of electronic map from these aspects: friendly user interface, legibility and beauty of display effect, fast map display, real-time map display, and introduce how these techniques are used in practice.

Xie, Chao; Chen, Yufen; Li, Wei; Ke, Xilin

2009-10-01

457

The Wagner Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For many lovers of opera, there are composers who have written opera, and there is Richard Wagner. During his lifetime, Wagner wrote and staged some of the most detailed and densely-structured operas of the 19th century, including Gotterdammerung, Die Walkure, Das Rheingold, and Tristan und Isolde. Edited and designed by Patrick Swinkels, this Web site represents what is perhaps the most ambitious effort thus far to present many of Wagner's prose writings online, along with his correspondence and libretti. On the site, visitors can read reviews of his operatic productions from the 19th century, and read background essays about the myths and legends he drew on for his many works. Additionally, the site presents (in English translation) the complete text of the 1911 edition of Wagner's letters to his family, and also features links to the legendary correspondence between Wagner and Liszt housed at the Project Gutenberg Web site. It may be worth taking a look at the site just to read some of Wagner's elaborate (if not always well-structured) musings, particularly "The Artist and Publicity," which begins with a characteristically dramatic flourish: "When I am along, and the musical strings begin to stir within me, strange whirling sounds take shape of chords, until at last a melody springs forth, revealing to me the idea of my whole being."

458

French mirror site of the NPAC visible human viewer: first year evaluation.  

PubMed

The NPAC visible human viewer (NPAC VHV), graphical interface written in JAVA, freely accessible by the Web, allows the display of anatomic cross-sections of the Visible Human Project developed by the National Library of Medicine. In April 1997, the Medical Media Library of Lyons undertook the construction of a French-language mirror site of the NPAC VHV. The aim of this work is to evaluate first year utilisation of this site. From May 1st, 1997 to April 30th, 1998, the mirror site was consulted 34,752 times. In 45.14% of cases, the request came from France, in 4.42% of cases from Belgium, in 3.98% from Canada and in 2.12% from Switzerland. Other connections came either from a country responsible for fewer than 1% of connections or from unidentified computers. Data analysis showed a peak of connections between 15:00 and 17:00, and an increased number of connections from September to March 1998. The NPAC VHV is housed in 5 sites in the world. It is a software very simple to use. As the figures have no legends, it is more appropriate for group teaching than for self-teaching. PMID:10399215

Voiglio, E J; Frattini, B; Romeuf, D; Morin, A; Neidhardt, J P; Laville, M

1999-01-01

459

Inhalation Anthrax: Dose Response and Risk Analysis  

PubMed Central

The notion that inhalation of a single Bacillus anthracis spore is fatal has become entrenched nearly to the point of urban legend, in part because of incomplete articulation of the scientific basis for microbial risk assessment, particularly dose-response assessment. Risk analysis (ie, risk assessment, risk communication, risk management) necessitates transparency: distinguishing scientific facts, hypotheses, judgments, biases in interpretations, and potential misinformation. The difficulty in achieving transparency for biothreat risk is magnified by misinformation and poor characterization of both dose-response relationships and the driving mechanisms that cause susceptibility or resistance to disease progression. Regrettably, this entrenchment unnecessarily restricts preparedness planning to a single response scenario: decontaminate until no spores are detectable in air, water, or on surfaces—essentially forcing a zero-tolerance policy inconsistent with the biology of anthrax. We present evidence about inhalation anthrax dose-response relationships, including reports from multiple studies documenting exposures insufficient to cause inhalation anthrax in laboratory animals and humans. The emphasis of the article is clarification about what is known from objective scientific evidence for doses of anthrax spores associated with survival and mortality. From this knowledge base, we discuss the need for future applications of more formal risk analysis processes to guide development of alternative non-zero criteria or standards based on science to inform preparedness planning and other risk management activities.

Thran, Brandolyn; Morse, Stephen S.; Hugh-Jones, Martin; Massulik, Stacey

2008-01-01

460

Mapping moderate-scale land-cover over very large geographic areas within a collaborative framework: A case study of the Southwest Regional Gap Analysis Project (SWReGAP)  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Land-cover mapping efforts within the USGS Gap Analysis Program have traditionally been state-centered; each state having the responsibility of implementing a project design for the geographic area within their state boundaries. The Southwest Regional Gap Analysis Project (SWReGAP) was the first formal GAP project designed at a regional, multi-state scale. The project area comprises the southwestern states of Arizona, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah. The land-cover map/dataset was generated using regionally consistent geospatial data (Landsat ETM+ imagery (1999-2001) and DEM derivatives), similar field data collection protocols, a standardized land-cover legend, and a common modeling approach (decision tree classifier). Partitioning of mapping responsibilities amongst the five collaborating states was organized around ecoregion-based "mapping zones". Over the course of 21/2 field seasons approximately 93,000 reference samples were collected directly, or obtained from other contemporary projects, for the land-cover modeling effort. The final map was made public in 2004 and contains 125 land-cover classes. An internal validation of 85 of the classes, representing 91% of the land area was performed. Agreement between withheld samples and the validated dataset was 61% (KHAT = .60, n = 17,030). This paper presents an overview of the methodologies used to create the regional land-cover dataset and highlights issues associated with large-area mapping within a coordinated, multi-institutional management framework. ?? 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Lowry, J.; Ramsey, R. D.; Thomas, K.; Schrupp, D.; Sajwaj, T.; Kirby, J.; Waller, E.; Schrader, S.; Falzarano, S.; Langs, L.; Manis, G.; Wallace, C.; Schulz, K.; Comer, P.; Pohs, K.; Rieth, W.; Velasquez, C.; Wolk, B.; Kepner, W.; Boykin, K.; O'Brien, L.; Bradford, D.; Thompson, B.; Prior-Magee, J.

2007-01-01

461

Fluoro-deoxy-glucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography in lymphoma: A pictorial essay  

PubMed Central

F-18 fluoro-deoxy-glucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) has emerged as a powerful imaging modality in the field of oncology. F-18 FDG PET/CT is now an established tool in the management of lymphoma. This has been shown to be useful in staging, detection of bone marrow involvement (BMI), early response assessment and end of therapy response assessment in lymphoma. Interpretation of F-18 FDG PET/CT in lymphoma is carried out by various qualitative response assessment criteria. London criteria are used for interpretation of interim PET/CT and International Harmonization Project (IHP) criteria are used to interpret PET/CT done after the end of chemotherapy. Quantitative analysis is also found to be useful in assessment of response early after two cycles of chemotherapy in patients with diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL). This pictorial essay provides few images describing the FDG avidity of lymphoma, patterns of bone marrow uptake and their relevance in predicting BMI, role of staging PET/CT, quantitative analysis in response assessment, example images of response according to London criteria and IHP criteria. Few pitfalls in imaging of lymphoma with PET/CT are also discussed in the images legend.

Manohar, Kuruva; Mittal, Bhagwant Rai; Bhattacharya, Anish; Malhotra, Pankaj; Varma, Subhash

2013-01-01

462

Origins of the ancient constellations: II. The Mediterranean traditions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The classical map of the sky, with the 48 Greek constellations, was derived from at least two different pre-Greek traditions. One tradition comprised the 12 signs of the zodiac, with several associated animal constellations, all of which developed over ~3200-500 BC in Mesopotamia in a religious or ritual tradition. These were taken over by the Greeks around 500 BC. However the other Babylonian constellations, their farming-calendar tradition, were not adopted. The other tradition was not Mesopotamian; it comprised large constellations which appear to date from ~2800 BC, probably from the Mediterranean region, devised for the navigators of ships. They include huge bears and serpents which marked the celestial pole and equator at that time, and probably the four anonymous giants which we know as Hercules, Ophiuchus, Bootes, and Auriga, as well as some of the large southern 'marine' constellations. The origins of some other constellations, including the Perseus tableau and various animals, are unknown; they may have been new creations of the Greeks. The Greeks assembled the classical sky-map from these different sources between 540-370 BC, but many of the familiar legends were only applied to the constellations later.

Rogers, J. H.

1998-04-01

463

Gerberto, gli Arabi e Gerusalemme  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Gerbert of Aurillac went in Catalonia from 967 to 970, to visit the bishop Atton of Vic, famous for mathematical knowledge, during the apogee of Cordova's reign of the Caliph Al-Hakam II ibn Abd al-Rahman (961-976). He maintained contacts with local personalities like Mirň Bonfill (Bishop of Girona) and Lupitus of Barcelona through letters (both dated 984). When he was pope, Gerbert sent five papal privileges to Catalan dignitaries, showing his attention to this territory. The Caliph's prime minister Al-Mansu'r depredated Barcelona in 985, and conquered Santiago de Compostela in 997, drawing to an end the cultural exchanges between Christian and Arabic world through Mozarabic and Jewish translators. Gerbert learned and after taught and used Indo-Arabic numbers, abaci, astrolabes, monochords and theoretical music. It was possible for pilgrims to reach Jerusalem at Gerbert's times, and a letter written by Gerbert probably for an abbot starting his pilgrimage seems to introduce the first ideas of crusade and indulgences related to offers. The change of attitude of the Al-Andalus' government toward Christianity is probably responsible of these words written in a time very close to the depredations of Barcelona. Jerusalem is also in the index of geographic places in the book of the astrolabe, attributed to Gerbert, as well as Santiago de Compostela. Finally the legend of the Golem and the mass celebrated in the church of Jerusalem in Rome, completes the panorama of Gerbert and the Holy City.

Sigismondi, C.

464

Evidence of local defects in the oxygen excess apatite La{sub 9.67}(SiO{sub 4}){sub 6}O{sub 2.5} from high resolution neutron powder diffraction  

SciTech Connect

From neutron diffraction data collected at 3 K on a powder of La{sub 9.67}(SiO{sub 4}){sub 6}O{sub 2.5} composition and a careful examination of the average structure, a model was proposed to explain the oxygen over-stoichiometry in the apatite structure. This model leads to realistic distances to neighbouring atoms. Moreover, it accounts perfectly for the maximum oxygen content observed in these materials. Up to 0.5 oxygen atom located at the vicinity of the 2a site (0, 0, 1/4) would be shifted to a new interstitial position in the channel at (-0.01, 0.04, 0.06), creating a Frenkel defect, with the possibility of a maximum occupancy in this site equal to twice the Frenkel defect numbers. This structural model is in good agreement with the oxygen diffusion pathways recently proposed by Bechade et al. (2009) using computer modeling techniques. It supports preferred oxygen diffusion pathways via interstitial oxygen atoms and vacant sites along [0 0 1], close to the centre of the La(2)-O channels. - Graphical abstract legend: Structural defect position and possible conduction mechanism along the c-axis (representation of two adjacent unit-cells)

Guillot, Stephanie [CEA Le Ripault, BP 16, 37260 Monts (France); Beaudet-Savignat, Sophie, E-mail: sophie.beaudet-savignat@cea.f [CEA Le Ripault, BP 16, 37260 Monts (France); Lambert, Sebastien [CEA Le Ripault, BP 16, 37260 Monts (France); Vannier, Rose-Noelle; Roussel, Pascal [Unite de Catalyse et de Chimie du Solide, Equipe de Chimie du Solide, UMR CNRS 8181, ENSCL-Universite des Sciences et Technologies de Lille, 59652 Villeneuve d'Ascq (France); Porcher, Florence [Laboratoire Leon Brillouin, CEA Saclay, 91191 Gif sur Yvette (France)

2009-12-15

465

Mountain research and rescue on Denali: a short history from the 1980s to the present.  

PubMed

Alaska's Denali (Mt. McKinley), 6194?m, is the highest and perhaps most celebrated peak on the North American continent. The cold and stormy nature of this mountain just 3° of latitude south of the Arctic Circle enhances its legend as a challenging peak. It has been the desired objective of over 1000 summit aspirants per climbing season for the last 20 years. As mountaineering traffic on the peak increased in the 1960s and 1970s, an increase in deaths and helicopter evacuations followed suit. These were largely owing to altitude illness, cold injuries, and trauma. By the late 1970s and early 1980s, the U.S. National Park Service (NPS) began exploring potential solutions regarding the problems with rescue scenarios in remote and hostile surroundings. The NPS eventually placed a team equipped with communications and medical supplies high on the mountain to remedy the problem. This seasonal high altitude camp, established in 1982, carried out clinical research, preventive education, and rescue work. Although this operation has undergone substantial changes since 1982, it continues to serve Denali climbers each season and has likely reduced the frequency of serious accidents, death, and helicopter rescues. In addition, a parallel increase in NPS infrastructure, medical research, and mountain rescue on this peak has contributed to an increased benefit for climbers and others, which has served (and continues to serve) a wide range of interests, from the safety concerns of mountaineers to high altitude-related scientific discoveries advantageous to the scientific community. PMID:21962072

Rodway, George W; McIntosh, Scott E; Dow, Jennifer

2011-01-01

466

[Egas Moniz: a genius, unlucky looser or a Nobel committee error?].  

PubMed

Portuguese neurologist António Egas Moniz is one of the most intriguing figures in the history of medicine. While an invention of angiography in 1927 is his acknowledged merit, lobotomy, invented in 1935 became a black legend of psychiatry, although sporadically it is performed also today. There are even postulates to withdraw the Nobel Prize, which Moniz received in 1949 for inventing the lobotomy. Moniz in fact re-invented lobotomy, primarily introduced in 1888 by a Swiss psychiatrist Gottlieb Burckhardt and later forgotten. Its popularisation, including its abuses was chiefly done by American neurologists Walter Freeman and James Watts. Aside the science, Moniz was an exceptionally colourful person, a merited politician, Portuguese minister of foreign affairs, the head of its delegation at Versailles in 1918, in 1951 he was even proposed a position of a President of Portugal. He was a versatile humanist and a writer, even a gambling expert. His person is hard for black and white evaluation, definitely deserving a re-evaluation from today's historical perspective. PMID:22426769

Lass, Piotr; S?awek, Jaros?aw; Sitek, Emilia

467

The Official Site of Humphrey Bogart  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Born on Christmas Day, 1899, Humphrey Bogart would become one of Hollywood's most legendary stars, with a career that spanned three decades, and included a number of memorable roles. Designed by his estate, this site will be one that Bogie fans will treasure, as it includes an extended biographical essay and a list of some memorable quotes by (and about) this legend of the silver screen. The site also includes three thematically organized photo galleries, such as one devoted to pictures of Bogart with Lauren Bacall and another that features photos of him throughout his life (including a sketch of him as a baby done by his mother). The Community section features downloadable screensavers, computer wallpaper, a listing of other Bogie tribute sites, and multimedia clips of the late actor in a few of his most acclaimed roles, such as Charlie Allnut in The African Queen and Fred C. Dobbs, the gold-crazed down-and-outer in The Treasure of the Sierra Madre.

468

Effects of protective knee bracing on speed and agility.  

PubMed

We evaluated the effects of prophylactic knee braces on athlete speed and agility, as well as brace tendency to migrate. Thirty college football players in full gear ran a 40-yard dash and a four-cone agility drill wearing braces on both knees or no brace (control). Braces included the DonJoy Legend, Breg Tradition, OMNI-AKS 101W, McDavid Knee Guard, and models 1 and 2 of the Air Armor Knee and Thigh Protection System. Brace migration and subjective measures were recorded after each trial. In the 40-yard dash, times using Air Armor 1 and OMNI did not differ significantly from control. Times with other braces were significantly slower. In the four-cone drill, only the Breg times were significantly slower than control. The Air Armor 1 and McDavid braces showed significantly less superior/inferior migration in the 40-yard dash than other braces. In the four-cone drill, the Air Armor 1 and 2 showed significantly less superior/inferior migration than other braces. These findings indicate that selected knee braces do not significantly reduce speed or agility. Braces showed a variable tendency to migrate, which could affect their protective function and athlete performance. This information will help athletes and coaches decide about knee-brace use during sports; studies are needed regarding whether braces protect against knee injury. This study does not constitute an endorsement of knee-brace use or efficacy. PMID:10921634

Greene, D L; Hamson, K R; Bay, R C; Bryce, C D

469

Amidst the Beauty of the Night Sky, which of the Constellations am I?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A well known constellation am I- I never set in the northern sky. Native Americans and Greeks, you see, Wrote legends when they recognized me. Two close stars still test for keen eyesight. Two point to the North Star - what a light! Look for my galaxies, you know where. I am ____ _____, the _____ ____! © Kimberly A. Herrmann, 2003) I have loved rhyming poetry ever since I can remember - from Dr. Seuss's Green Eggs and Ham and Maurice Sendak's Chicken Soup with Rice, to the works of Shel Silverstein and Jack Prelutsky. It was not until high school, though, that I realized that I could combine two of my loves - those for poetry and astronomy. Since then, I have written almost 100 astronomical riddles and always attempted to include as much astronomy content as possible - even in the riddles about constellations. Consequently, I have found them effective in teaching or reviewing aspects of astronomy in several venues, including college astronomy courses for non-science majors and events with elementary school students. More recently I have used 23 constellation riddles to create informative and entertaining seating slides that have been playing at Lowell Observatory and the Youngstown Planetarium. I hope to have these slides played at other venues as well and also hope to publish my riddles as a series of books someday.

Herrmann, K. A.

2012-08-01

470

[Snuff. Historical film comments on a current topic].  

PubMed

The movie genre "snuff" appeared in the late 70s and shows the allegedly real, often cruel killing of people. More recently, a growing number of short video clips have been distributed via the internet, which also belong into this category and were clearly recognized as fictional on the basis of technical details by two study groups at the 80th Annual Meeting of the German Society of Legal Medicine held in Interlaken from 25 to 29 September 2001 (Schyma/Seidl). By means of a brief review of film history the article shows that "snuff movies" originated from a certain prevailing trend, examples of which are the murder of the actress Sharon Tate by the group around Charles Manson, the development of B horror movies, a promotional campaign for a film which flopped in 1971 (renamed several times by the distribution company from "American Cannibal" to "Snuff" to "Big Snuff") and elements of urban legends. Retrospectively there are no clues that Snuff films--i.e. movies openly distributed and actually available to the public, which were not private documentations found by the police at the homes of killers during investigations of homicides (such as in the murder series of the couple Bernardo/Homolka)--show real killings. PMID:11901987

Benecke, Mark

471

The Golem Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From engineers at Brandeis University comes this wild world of evolutionary robotics. Golem ("Genetically Organized Lifelike Electro Mechanics"), named for the Jewish legend of the golem, is a project involving electro-mechanical objects that build themselves according to basic principles of evolution. In the words of the investigators: "In the Golem project we conducted a set of experiments in which simple electro-mechanical systems evolved from scratch to yield physical locomoting machines. Like biological lifeforms whose structure and function exploit the behaviors afforded by their own chemical and mechanical medium, our evolved creatures take advantage of the nature of their own medium - thermoplastic, motors, and artificial neurons." Visitors to the Golem Project site can read about the project's inspiration, the design and construction of the robots, and some preliminary results and conclusions. An explanation of the physics behind the simulation of mechanics and neural control of a machine is given also, with formulae and graphics. A particularly interesting feature of the site is the downloadable program (available as a screensaver, Golem 2.42, or as a stand-alone program, Live Truss 1.2) that simulates the Golem project by evolving bodies and brains of electromechanical robots, and animating some on the screen (Win95/98/NT, 740K). The animated bodies created by the program can leave your computer and migrate to other computers that have the program (see the site for logistical and copyright details).

472

Flash microwave synthesis of trevorite nanoparticles  

SciTech Connect

Nickel ferrite nanoparticles have several possible applications as cathode materials for rechargeable batteries, named 'lithium-ion' batteries. In this study, NiFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} was prepared by microwave induced thermohydrolysis. The obtained nanoparticles were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), X-ray diffraction (XRD), BET method, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). All the results show that the microwave one-step flash synthesis leads in a very short time to NiFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} nanoparticles with elementary particles size close to 4-5 nm, and high specific surfaces (close to 240 m{sup 2}/g). Thus, microwave heating appears as an efficient source of energy to produce quickly nanoparticles with complex composition as ferrite. - Graphical abstract: At the end of the 20th century, a new concept of battery was introduced, named 'Li ion', where electrodes are both lithium-storage materials. Compounds with a spinel structure are so investigated and microwave heating appears as an efficient source of energy to produce nanoparticles in a very short time and at low temperature, with controlled size (4-5 nm) and high specific area (240 m{sup 2}/g). Legend: Pictogram represents our original microwave reactor, the RAMO (French acronym of Reacteur Autoclave Micro-Onde), containing the reactants and submitted to the microwave irradiation. Multicolor candy represents obtained material.

Bousquet-Berthelin, C. [NANOSCIENCES-GERM - Groupe d'Etudes et de Recherches en Microondes, I.C.B. (Institut Carnot de Bourgogne), UMR 5209 CNRS, Universite de Bourgogne, 9 Avenue Alain Savary, B.P. 47870, 21078 Dijon Cedex (France)], E-mail: christelle.bousquet@u-bourgogne.fr; Chaumont, D.; Stuerga, D. [NANOSCIENCES-GERM - Groupe d'Etudes et de Recherches en Microondes, I.C.B. (Institut Carnot de Bourgogne), UMR 5209 CNRS, Universite de Bourgogne, 9 Avenue Alain Savary, B.P. 47870, 21078 Dijon Cedex (France)

2008-03-15

473

Do Native American Culture, Life Experiences, Physics and the Bible Provide Supportive Evidence For Julian Barbour's Thesis About Anachronisms Relating to The End of Time?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Historic, and current Native American attitude considers that time can be considered in a cyclic sense that contrasts against a majority view of physicists that time varies in a linear algebraic sense. Precognition experiences offer evidence that time has a more subtle substance. The Bible clearly delineates "prophetic awareness of the future." Embedded "Bible codes" are touted as mathematical evidence for the existence of God. His existence is better served if "past-tense" information of events can propagate backward relative to our "present-tense" time. Barbour, p39: [some] " physicists entertain the idea time truly does not exist applies to motion .suggestion; it too is pure illusion." The concept of prophecy has been interpreted as evidence or "proof" of the existence of "Manitou" or God. Our interpretation is that, according to Native American legends, or the Bible, for as yet unspecified reasons, time behaves as though it can convey information in a backward, or forward, sense. It is like an f (t ± ti).

Mears, Paul C.; Mc Leod, Roger D.

2002-10-01

474

The reassembly of the body from parts: psychoanalytic reflections on death, resurrection, and cannibalism.  

PubMed

Terror of the dismemberment, disintegration, and decay of the body after death has been represented in ritual, myth, legend, art, and religious belief throughout the ages. So too has the wished-for triumph over these inevitable processes. Commonly, bodily experience after death is represented mentally in cannibalistic ideas of eating and being eaten, which are then countered by the wishful undoing of cannibalistic destruction through its reversal: swallowing as regurgitation, dismemberment as rememberment, disintegration as reassembly. Luca Signorelli's fresco The Resurrection of the Flesh is part of his celebrated group of decorations (1499-1504) of the Cappella Nuova in the cathedral at Orvieto. The doctrinal, iconographic, social, and political contexts of this admired and influential work are explored in order to illustrate how and why this painting represents our greatest fears, along with our triumph over them, as well as our most destructive urges and their reparative counterparts. The photographer Sally Mann has explored these same themes. In What Remains (2003), a series of pictures with accompanying text, Mann documents her exhumation and reassembly of the body of her beloved pet greyhound. Two clinical examples illustrate some ways these concerns (cannibalism and reassembly) may make their appearance in psychoanalytic work. PMID:18246760

Gottlieb, Richard M

2007-01-01

475

Marshall Rosenbluth and the Beginning of Monte Carlo Simulations for the Physical Sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 1953 publication, ``Equation of State Calculations by Very Fast Computing Machines'' by Nick Metropolis, Arianna and Marshall Rosenbluth, and Mici and Edward Teller [1], marked the beginning of the use of the Monte Carlo method for solving problems in the physical sciences. The method described in this publication subsequently became known as the Metropolis algorithm, undoubtedly the most famous and most widely use Monte Carlo algorithm ever published. As none of the authors made subsequent used of the algorithm, they became unknown to the large simulation physics community that grew from this publication and their roles in its development became the subject of mystery and legend. In what is likely his last publication, Marshall Rosenbluth gave his recollections of the algorithm's development [2], the first recollection of the algorithm's development ever recorded, and laid claim to what perhaps should have been called the Rosenbluth algorithm. I will describe the algorithm, reconstruct the historical context in which it was developed, summarize Marshall's recollections, and share his parting challenges to those doing Monte Carlo simulations. [1] N. Metropolis, A. W. Rosenbluth, M. N. Rosenbluth, A. H. Teller, and E. Teller, J. Chem. Phys. 21, 1087 (1953). [2] M. N. Rosenbluth, in The Monte Carlo Method in the Physical Sciences, edited by J. E. Gubernatis (American Institute of Physics, New York, 2003), p. 22.

Gubernatis, James E.

2004-11-01

476

Singing and evil in visual art.  

PubMed

Surprisingly, singing and music sometimes are connected with poor or even lethal outcomes. One example is personified in the legend of Orpheus, who through the power of his songs, succeeded in leading the wild Thracians into the Greek religion. This did not save him, however, from being murdered by Thracian women probably because of his paedophilic tendency. The scene has been illustrated since 490 BC on Attic red-figure vases. The Sirens, with the body of a bird and the head of a female and dwelling in the Sicilian Sea, were creatures who attracted sailors by their song and devoured the unhappy wretches who had been unable to resist their seductive singing. This topic has also been depicted on ancient Greek vases as part of the Odyssey. The idea that beautiful singing with an instrument can also be a symbol of sin and a sign of the devil is deeply rooted in Christian thinking. This aspect of music as the power of evil is extensively depicted in Dutch and Flemish genre paintings where singing and playing string instruments were also common symbols of lust and vices, seduction and, therefore, moral decay. Some examples of the power of evil in singing in representative art are presented in this article. PMID:16280627

Brosch, Sibylle; Bennett, John D C; Pirsig, Wolfgang

477

Formation of scandium carbides and scandium oxycarbide from the elements at high-(P, T) conditions  

SciTech Connect

Synchrotron diffraction experiments with in situ laser heated diamond anvil cells and multi-anvil press synthesis experiments have been performed in order to investigate the reaction of scandium and carbon from the elements at high-(P,T) conditions. It is shown that the reaction is very sensitive to the presence of oxygen. In an oxygen-rich environment the most stable phase is ScO{sub x}C{sub y}, where for these experiments x=0.39 and y=0.50-0.56. If only a small oxygen contamination is present, we have observed the formation of Sc{sub 3}C{sub 4}, Sc{sub 4}C{sub 3} and a new orthorhombic ScC{sub x} phase. All the phases formed at high pressures and temperatures are quenchable. Experimentally determined elastic properties of the scandium carbides are compared to values obtained by density functional theory based calculations. - Graphical Abstract Legend (TOC Figure): Table of Contents Figure Selected images recorded with a MAR345 image plate detector show the reaction of alpha-Sc and graphite at high-(P,T) conditions. Left: mixture of alpha-Sc and graphite. Right: recovered sample after laser heated the diamond anvil cell.

Juarez-Arellano, Erick A., E-mail: eajuarez@unpa.edu.m [Institut fuer Geowissenschaften, Goethe-Universitaet Frankfurt, Altenhoeferallee 1, 60438 Frankfurt a.M. (Germany); Universidad del Papaloapan, Circuito Central 200, Parque Industrial, Tuxtepec 68301 (Mexico); Winkler, Bjoern; Bayarjargal, Lkhamsuren; Friedrich, Alexandra [Institut fuer Geowissenschaften, Goethe-Universitaet Frankfurt, Altenhoeferallee 1, 60438 Frankfurt a.M. (Germany); Milman, Victor [Accelrys, Science Park, Cambridge (United Kingdom); Kammler, Daniel R. [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM 87185 (United States); Clark, Simon M.; Yan Jinyuan [ALS, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Koch-Mueller, Monika [GeoForschungsZentrum, Telegrafenberg Sektion 4.1, D-14473 Potsdam (Germany); Schroeder, Florian [Institut fuer Geowissenschaften, Goethe-Universitaet Frankfurt, Altenhoeferallee 1, 60438 Frankfurt a.M. (Germany); Avalos-Borja, Miguel [Centro de Nanociencias y Nanotecnologia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, A. Postal 2681, Ensenada, B.C. (Mexico)

2010-05-15

478

[Schizophrenia and modern culture: reasons for insanity].  

PubMed

After pointing out the uncertainty and confusion to which neurobiological research has led schizophrenia, as shown and acknowledged in recent reviews, we offer seven reasons for reconsidering schizophrenia a disorder of the self, rather than of the brain. The first reason starts out conceiving schizophrenia as a disorder of the self, in the perspective of current phenomenology. The second relates the fact of its recent origin (as of 1750) with the particular configuration of the modern self and with the great transformation of the community into a society of individuals (industrialization, urbanization). The third reason emphasizes the affinity between schizophrenia and adolescence, a critical age in the formation of the self, which started to be problematic at the end of the 18th century. The fourth is the better prognosis of schizophrenia in developing countries, in comparison to developed countries, which probably has to do with the process of modernization (which still maintains community structures in less developed countries). The fifth is the high incidence of schizophrenia among immigrants, as a fact to be explained in terms of a socio-evolutionary model. The sixth reason reviews the genetic legend of schizophrenia, and how epigenetics gives protagonism back to the environment. The seventh and last reason refers to the reconsideration of psychological therapy as the possible treatment of choice and not merely an adjunct to medication, as it is known that, for patients, interpersonal chemistry is more important than neurochemistry. PMID:22269356

Pérez-Álvarez, Marino

2012-02-01

479

Humanising Astronomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Universe Awareness (UNAWE) is an international programme that aims to expose underprivileged children (in the age group 4-10) to the inspirational aspects of astronomy. We are currently at the stage of developing materials that will be utilised in a diverse range of environments. This paper explores UNAWE's particular approach to developing tools which includes not only indigenous and folkloric astronomical knowledge, but also the culture of transmission of such knowledge. A specific understanding and explanation of the Universe, the Sun, Moon and stars is present in every culture and can be found contained in its history, legends and belief systems. By consciously embracing different ways of knowing the Universe and not uniquely the rational model, UNAWE places the humanising potential of astronomy at the centre of its purpose. Whilst inspiring curiosity, pride and a sense of ownership in one's own cultural identity, such an approach also exposes children to the diversity of other peoples and their cultures as well as the unifying aspects of our common scientific heritage. The means of creating and delivering the astronomy programme are as relevant to the desired educational outcomes as the content. The challenge in the design of materials is to communicate this stimulating message to the very young. Respect for alternative values systems, the need for dialogue and community participation, and where possible the production of materials using local resources is emphasised. This paper touches recent experiences liaising with communities in India, South Africa, Tunisia, Venezuela and Colombia.

Levin, S.

2008-06-01

480

Bad astronomy : misconceptions and misuses revealed, from astrology to the moon landing "hoax"  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Advance praise for Philip Plait s Bad Astronomy "Bad Astronomy is just plain good! Philip Plait clears up every misconception on astronomy and space you never knew you suffered from." --Stephen Maran, Author of Astronomy for Dummies and editor of The Astronomy and Astrophysics Encyclopedia "Thank the cosmos for the bundle of star stuff named Philip Plait, who is the world s leading consumer advocate for quality science in space and on Earth. This important contribution to science will rest firmly on my reference library shelf, ready for easy access the next time an astrologer calls." --Dr. Michael Shermer, Publisher of Skeptic magazine, monthly columnist for Scientific American, and author of The Borderlands of Science "Philip Plait has given us a readable, erudite, informative, useful, and entertaining book. Bad Astronomy is Good Science. Very good science..." --James "The Amazing" Randi, President, James Randi Educational Foundation, and author of An Encyclopedia of Claims, Frauds, and Hoaxes of the Occult and Supernatural "Bad Astronomy is a fun read. Plait is wonderfully witty and educational as he debunks the myths, legends, and 'conspiracies that abound in our society. 'The Truth Is Out There' and it's in this book. I loved it!" --Mike Mullane, Space Shuttle astronaut and author of Do Your Ears Pop in Space?

Plait, Philip C.

2002-02-01

481

Meridian Stones: for Form or for Function?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The goal of this investigation was to reveal the original intent and purpose of the creator of the ``Nantucket Meridian Stones'' - self taught astronomer and surveyor William Mitchell (the father of the first American female astronomer, Maria Mitchell). Throughout time, these two enigmatic stone obelisks in downtown Nantucket have been cloaked in controversial legends. We did not find any mention of these stones in the original diaries and journals of William Mitchell, or in the town's public documents (except for the written decision of the 1840 town meeting to allot money for the stones' erection). However, amongst several controversial articles on the stones in the local newspaper published during the 20th century, we found one (dated 1921) which gives the most plausible explanation: the meridian line defined by the stones was used by the local surveyors to keep track of the variation in the magnetic declination, the angle between the directions to the magnetic North and the true (geographical) North. This hypothesis will be compared with the existing information on the purpose and use of other historical meridian markers, both in America and Europe. This project was supported by Vassar College and the Nantucket Maria Mitchell Association.

Amory, L.; Boyce, P.; diCurcio, R.; Strelnitski, V.

2002-12-01

482

ReefTemp: An interactive monitoring system for coral bleaching using high-resolution SST and improved stress predictors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Anomalously high sea surface temperatures (SST) have led to repeated mass coral bleaching events on a global scale. Existing satellite-based systems used to monitor conditions conducive to bleaching are based on low-resolution (0.5°, ~50 km) SST data. While these systems have served the research and management community well, they have inherent weaknesses that limit their capacity to predict stress on coral reefs at local scales, over which bleaching severity is known to vary dramatically. Here we discuss the development and testing of ReefTemp, a new operational remote sensing application for the Great Barrier Reef that assesses bleaching risk daily using: high-resolution (2 km) SST, regionally validated thermal stress indices, and color-graded legends directly related to past observations of bleaching severity. Given projections of sea temperature rise, ReefTemp is timely as it can accurately predict bleaching severity at a local scale and therefore help to give focus to future research and monitoring efforts.

Maynard, Jeffrey A.; Turner, Peter J.; Anthony, Kenneth R. N.; Baird, Andrew H.; Berkelmans, Ray; Eakin, C. Mark; Johnson, Johanna; Marshall, Paul A.; Packer, Gareck R.; Rea, Anthony; Willis, Bette L.

2008-03-01

483

Hybrid materials of MCM-41 functionalized by lanthanide (Tb{sup 3+}, Eu{sup 3+}) complexes of modified meta-methylbenzoic acid: Covalently bonded assembly and photoluminescence  

SciTech Connect

Novel organic-inorganic mesoporous hybrid materials were synthesized by linking lanthanide (Tb{sup 3+}, Eu{sup 3+}) complexes to the mesoporous MCM-41 through the modified meta-methylbenzoic acid (MMBA-Si) using co-condensation method in the presence of the cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) surfactant as template. The luminescence properties of these resulting materials (denoted as Ln-MMBA-MCM-41, Ln=Tb, Eu) were characterized in detail, and the results reveal that luminescent mesoporous materials have high surface area, uniformity in the ordered mesoporous structure. Moreover, the mesoporous material covalently bonded Tb{sup 3+} complex (Tb-MMBA-MCM-41) exhibits the stronger characteristic emission of Tb{sup 3+} and longer lifetime than Eu-MMBA-MCM-41 due to the triplet state energy of organic legend MMBA-Si matches with the emissive energy level of Tb{sup 3+} very well. - Graphical abstract: Novel organic-inorganic mesoporous luminescent materials were synthesized by linking lanthanide (Tb{sup 3+}, Eu{sup 3+}) complexes to covalently bond the functionalized ordered mesoporous MCM-41 with modified meta-methylbenzoic acid (MMBA)-Si by co-condensation of tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) in the presence of the cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) surfactant as template.

Li Ying [Department of Chemistry, Tongji University, Siping Road 1239, Shanghai 200092 (China); Yan Bing [Department of Chemistry, Tongji University, Siping Road 1239, Shanghai 200092 (China)], E-mail: byan@tongji.edu.cn

2008-05-15

484

REFGEN and TREENAMER: Automated Sequence Data Handling for Phylogenetic Analysis in the Genomic Era  

PubMed Central

The phylogenetic analysis of nucleotide sequences and increasingly that of amino acid sequences is used to address a number of biological questions. Access to extensive datasets, including numerous genome projects, means that standard phylogenetic analyses can include many hundreds of sequences. Unfortunately, most phylogenetic analysis programs do not tolerate the sequence naming conventions of genome databases. Managing large numbers of sequences and standardizing sequence labels for use in phylogenetic analysis programs can be a time consuming and laborious task. Here we report the availability of an online resource for the management of gene sequences recovered from public access genome databases such as GenBank. These web utilities include the facility for renaming every sequence in a FASTA alignment file, with each sequence label derived from a user-defined combination of the species name and/or database accession number. This facility enables the user to keep track of the branching order of the sequences/taxa during multiple tree calculations and re-optimisations. Post phylogenetic analysis, these webpages can then be used to rename every label in the subsequent tree files (with a user-defined combination of species name and/or database accession number). Together these programs drastically reduce the time required for managing sequence alignments and labelling phylogenetic figures. Additional features of our platform include the automatic removal of identical accession numbers (recorded in the report file) and generation of species and accession number lists for use in supplementary materials or figure legends.

Leonard, Guy; Stevens, Jamie R.; Richards, Thomas A.

2009-01-01

485

Addendum for the Groundwater Flow Model of Corrective Action Units 101 and 102: Central and Western Pahute Mesa, Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada, Revision 0 (page changes)  

SciTech Connect

This document, which makes changes to Groundwater Flow Model of Corrective Action Units 101 and 102: Central and Western Pahute Mesa, Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada, S-N/99205--076, Revision 0 (June 2006) was prepared to address review comments of this final document by the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP) in a letter dated July 19, 2006. The document includes revised pages that address NDEP review comments and comments from other document users. Change bars are included on these pages to identify where the text was revised. In addition to the revised pages, the following clarifications are made: • On Plate 1 (inserted in the back of the document), the ET Unit legend has been revised. The revised Plate 1 is included and replaces the original Plate 1. • Some of the Appendix D perturbation sensitivity analysis plots included on the CD for Sections D.3.1 and D.3.2 were not properly aligned. A revised CD is provided with all plots properly aligned.

John McCord

2007-05-01

486

A review of Brahmavaivartapurana (BVP) with reference to Ayurveda.  

PubMed

Brahmavaivartapurana is one of the important Mahapurana, which is considered as a Vaisnavapurana. The text is divided into four parts called khanda i.e., Brahma, Prakrti, Ganapati, and Srikrsnajanmakhanda. The total number of chapters are 276 and comprising about 20,500 verses. Brahmavaivartapurana comprises both ancient and medieval materials. It considers Ayurveda as Pancama Veda and devoted 16th chapter of Brahmakhanda which describes the origin of Ayurveda its propagaters headed by Bhaskara (sun god) and his 16 students and their corresponding books in detail. An account of the Jvara (Fever) and other diseases, Dinacarya (daily routine), Rtucarya (seasonal regimen), Tridosa (three humours), their Prakopa (Vitiation) and Pra?amana (palliation) etc are described in this book. BVP deals with the do's and dont's of food intake, sleep and sexual indulgance in detail which are deemed to be Trayopastambha (three sub pillers of health). The book provides an account of Plant Tulsi's origin and its spiritual importance. Prakrti (nature's) origins, Pańcamahabhuta nature of the body are described in Prakrtikhanda. At the flag end of the book there is a legend describing the origin of Lord Dhanvantari and describes his scholarship in the field of Veda and ?astra. On the whole purana provides glimpse of the life style of a Vaisnava devoutee and the people of the time when it was compiled. It serves the purpose of a practical manual to lead a healthy life and ensure spiritual growth in the life of any individual who believes in the precepts of this book. PMID:19569450

Varanasi, Subhose; Ram, T Saketh; Bhatnagar, Vinod Kumar; Narayana, A; Rao, M M

487

Walter Gordon Collection of Photographs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In the first half of the 20th century, the well-known African American attorney Walter L. Gordon had his office next to the African American newspaper, the California Eagle. The photographers for the paper often shot pictures of Black social life in Los Angeles, and once printed these photos were often discarded. Gordon saved many of these photos and began collecting the images, which often depicted leading members of the Black community in Los Angeles. His collection made its way to UCLA, and their digital collections group digitized over 800 of his photographs. Here visitors will find images of black resorts such as Val Verde, local political figures, and a range of jazz legends, such as Count Basie and Billie Holliday. Currently, visitors can view almost 300 of these items, and they can browse the photos by language, name, subject, or type. There are some real gems in here, including a great photo of Lionel Hampton on the stage and a cast photo of the members of "Carmen Jones" at an informal gathering. The image viewer here is quite impressive, as visitors can add a grid of select photos for comparative viewing and also manipulate each image as they see fit.

488

Earthquake Education in Tajikistan: An assessment of perceptions, preparedness, and a pilot science-based curriculum  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study examines a sample of Tajik eighth and ninth graders' perceptions of earthquakes and their hazards with the intent to identify the most effective approaches for conveying earthquake science, hazards, and mitigation techniques to children in Tajikistan. We provide the results of the development of a pilot earthquake education curriculum that was implemented with Tajik students in Dushanbe, Tajikistan in winter of 2008. Prior to implementation of the curriculum, 58% of students used disconnected concepts with scientific or technical terminology when describing earthquakes, none of which accurately explained an earthquake mechanism. A notable portion of students (14%), lacking a scientific explanation for earthquakes, described earthquakes in the context of ancient legends or acts of God. The remaining students gave no explanation for earthquakes. The concept of earthquake preparation was unfamiliar to all students, with most lacking basic knowledge of procedures to follow before, during, or after an earthquake, despite having previously conducted earthquake drills at their schools. The pilot curriculum integrates earthquake science, hazard awareness, and mitigation techniques at the middle school level. Following implementation, almost all students demonstrated a basic understanding of current earthquake science, hazards, and preparedness activities. This is particularly important in Tajikistan where a growing urban earthquake risk poses a significant threat to residents and the country's future economic stability.

Mohadjer, S.; Halvorson, S. J.

2008-12-01

489

Vinegar: Medicinal Uses and Antiglycemic Effect  

PubMed Central

Vinegar folklore is as colorful as it is practical. Legend states that a courtier in Babylonia (c. 5000 BC) “discovered” wine, formed from unattended grape juice, leading to the eventual discovery of vinegar and its use as a food preservative. Hippocrates (c. 420 BC) used vinegar medicinally to manage wounds. Hannibal of Carthage (c. 200 BC), the great military leader and strategist, used vinegar to dissolve boulders that blocked his army's path. Cleopatra (c. 50 BC) dissolved precious pearls in vinegar and offered her love potion to Anthony. Sung Tse, the 10th century creator of forensic medicine, advocated hand washing with sulfur and vinegar to avoid infection during autopsies. Based on the writings of US medical practitioners dating to the late 18th century, many ailments, from dropsy to poison ivy, croup, and stomachache, were treated with vinegar,[1] and, before the production and marketing of hypoglycemic agents, vinegar “teas” were commonly consumed by diabetics to help manage their chronic aliment. This review examines the scientific evidence for medicinal uses of vinegar, focusing particularly on the recent investigations supporting vinegar's role as an antiglycemic agent. Epidemiologic studies and clinical trials were identified by a MEDLINE title/abstract search with the following search terms: vinegar, glucose; vinegar, cancer; or vinegar, infection. All relevant randomized or case-control trials were included in this review.

Johnston, Carol S.; Gaas, Cindy A.

2006-01-01

490

DoubleTake Magazine  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Like its newsstand companion, this online version of DoubleTake features a selection of articles, fiction, poetry, and photography from widely recognized artists. The latest issue offers photoessays by Justin Kimball and Stephen Scheer -- the former examines the ways humans interact with nature in recreational settings (don't miss the photograph of the elderly Arizona woman standing in her walled-in yard, next to her state-of-the-art propane grill, with a nervous hand out, checking for rain); the latter presents a series of photographs revealing the dense urban text of Brooklyn architecture. Also included here are a memoir of bodysurfing, an article on surfer legend Greg Noll, an essay about the friendship of Ulysses S. Grant and Mark Twain, and poetry by Billy Collins and Yusef Komunyakaa, among other things. One very helpful feature is the "classroom companion" that indexes articles, stories and poems to high-profile social topics and contains a classroom activity manual, which supplements each item with discussion questions and creative, often outside-the-classroom, activities. A searchable archive of the previous twenty issues is also available.

491

Mapcurves: A Quantitative Method for Comparing Categorical Maps  

SciTech Connect

We present Mapcurves, a quantitative goodness-of-fit (GOF) method that unambiguously shows the degree of spatial concordance between two or more categorical maps. Mapcurves graphically and quantitatively evaluate the degree of fit among any number of maps and quantify a GOF for each polygon, as well as the entire map. The Mapcurve method indicates a perfect fit even if all polygons in one map are comprised of unique sets of the polygons in another map, if the coincidence among map categories is absolute. It is not necessary to interpret (or even know) legend descriptors for the categories in the maps to be compared, since the degree of fit in the spatial overlay alone forms the basis for the comparison. This feature makes Mapcurves ideal for comparing maps derived from remotely sensed images. A translation table is provided for the categories in each map as an output. Since the comparison is category-based rather than cell-based, the GOF is resolution-independent. Mapcurves can be applied either to entire map categories or to individual raster patches or vector polygons. Mapcurves also have applications for quantifying the spatial uncertainty of particular map features.

Hargrove, William Walter [ORNL; Hoffman, Forrest M [ORNL; Hessburg, Paul [U.S.D.A. Forest Service

2006-01-01

492

King Edward VII Hall of Residence--a link with the medical school since 1916.  

PubMed

King Edward VII ("KE") had been synonymous with the medical school and its associated hall of residence at Sepoy Lines since the 1910s. After the school became the Medical Faculty, the illustrious name remained with the Hall, which was rebuilt in 1957. For almost 90 years, KE has kept alive the rich history and traditions of a bygone era that embodied the passion and pride of both Singapore and Malaysia. The heroism of some Keviians during the Second World War and other exploits have led to many legends of the Hall. In 1987, it moved to its present location at Kent Ridge, and opened its doors to students from all other faculties. We count many personalities among our alumni, including some of the most prominent physicians in our country. The exuberant hall life, cultural pursuits and achievements of the residents contribute to the strong spirit of endeavour. Keviians over the decades have lived, worked, played and served to uphold the motto that means so much to all of us: TO STRIVE, TO SEEK, TO SERVE. PMID:16010400

Lee, H P

2005-07-01

493

Batch Conversion of 1-D FITS Spectra to Common Graphical Display Files  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Authors DJM, RFW, and EC have accumulated about 1000 spectra of cool stars from CTIO, ESO, and LCO over the interval 1985 to 1994 and processed them with the standard IRAF tasks into FITS files of normalized intensity vs. wavelength. With the growth of the Web as a means of exchanging and preserving scientific information, we desired to put the spectra into a Web-readable format. We have searched without success sites such as the Goddard FITS Image Viewer page, http://fits.gsfc.nasa.gov/fits_viewer.html, for a program to convert a large number of 1-d stellar spectra from FITS format into common formats such as PDF, PS, or PNG. Author APP has written a Python script to do this using the PyFITS module and plotting routines from Pylab. The program determines the wavelength calibration using header keywords and creates PNG plots with a legend read from a CSV file that may contain the star name, position, spectral type, etc. It could readily be adapted to perform almost any kind of simple batch processing of astronomical data. The program may be obtained from the first author (jack@stsci.edu). Support for DJM from the research program for CSC astronomers at STScI is gratefully acknowledged. The Space Telescope Science Institute is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy Inc. under NASA contract NAS 5-26555.

MacConnell, Darrell J.; Patterson, A. P.; Wing, R. F.; Costa, E.; Jedrzejewski, R. I.

2008-09-01

494

Vinegar: medicinal uses and antiglycemic effect.  

PubMed

Vinegar folklore is as colorful as it is practical. Legend states that a courtier in Babylonia (c. 5000 BC) "discovered" wine, formed from unattended grape juice, leading to the eventual discovery of vinegar and its use as a food preservative. Hippocrates (c. 420 BC) used vinegar medicinally to manage wounds. Hannibal of Carthage (c. 200 BC), the great military leader and strategist, used vinegar to dissolve boulders that blocked his army's path. Cleopatra (c. 50 BC) dissolved precious pearls in vinegar and offered her love potion to Anthony. Sung Tse, the 10th century creator of forensic medicine, advocated hand washing with sulfur and vinegar to avoid infection during autopsies. Based on the writings of US medical practitioners dating to the late 18th century, many ailments, from dropsy to poison ivy, croup, and stomachache, were treated with vinegar, and, before the production and marketing of hypoglycemic agents, vinegar "teas" were commonly consumed by diabetics to help manage their chronic aliment. This review examines the scientific evidence for medicinal uses of vinegar, focusing particularly on the recent investigations supporting vinegar's role as an antiglycemic agent. Epidemiologic studies and clinical trials were identified by a MEDLINE title/abstract search with the following search terms: vinegar, glucose; vinegar, cancer; or vinegar, infection. All relevant randomized or case-control trials were included in this review. PMID:16926800

Johnston, Carol S; Gaas, Cindy A

2006-05-30

495

Girodet: Romantic Rebel  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website accompaniment to the exhibition Girodet: Romantic Rebel, currently on view at the Art Institute of Chicago, features about 20 paintings and drawings by Girodet. Anne-Louis Girodet de Roussy- Trioson (1767Â1824) was trained in the workshop of Jacques-Louis David, who is considered the leading painter of the French Revolution (last mentioned in the February 18, 2005 Scout Report http://scout.wisc.edu/ Reports/ScoutReport/2005/scout-050218-geninterest.php#2). Girodet broke with the strict neoclassical style of his master to develop his own more romantic and dreamy style. The subjects of Girodet's paintings were often drawn from contemporary, 18th century, interpretations of myths, such as the legend of Ossian, a Nordic "myth" contrived by the writer James Macpherson. Girodet also painted Atala, an American Indian woman character from the novel by Chateaubriand, a friend of the artist. Navigate the site by jumping immediately to the Selected Works section, or browse Exhibition Themes. Either way, don't miss the section on the conservation of the Revolt of Cairo (1810), to see how AIC conservators used infrared reflectography imaging (IR) to reveal an extensive under-drawing.

2006-01-01

496

Broadway: The American Musical  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hosted by Julie Andrews, and directed by Michael Kantor, this five-part series from PBS offers numerous insights into the wide world of the Great White Way throughout its long and fabled past, all the way up to the present day. Visitors may want to start by reading some of the fine essays in the "Hello, Broadway!" section where they can read about the relationship between Broadway and Hollywood, the role of political satire on Broadway, and the incorporation of rock music into Broadway productions. In the "Memorable Musicals" section, visitors can learn about important groundbreaking and influential musicals, including La Cage aux Folles and Hair. The Broadway Trivia game should not be missed, as visitors can answer a host of questions (accompanied by snippets of various musical numbers) as they try to navigate their way through Times Square to the theater of their choice. Of course, to get that first-hand experience about the life and times of some of Broadway's most storied legends, visitors will want to go to the "Stars over Broadway" section. Here they can listen to famed illustrator talk about the late Zero Mostel and watch theater historian Dwight Bowers talk about that master of the musical, Jerome Kern.

497

Historical maps georeferencing and examination the development of Ljubljana  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Historical maps comprise a lot of inherent information on natural environmental and anthropogenic changes. They are commonly the most important base for various spatial analyses of the land use in last centuries as well as for historical landscapes, past urban development, influences of the economy development, toponyms changes, etc. Common spatially oriented numerical studies within geographical information system (GIS) uses contemporary georeferenced data sets recorded in layers. Our intention is equivalently apply the historical maps to GIS as well. The most important and complex part for using historical spatial data is its acquisition, including spatial, temporal and positional homogenisation, and the analysis itself. Major drawbacks are uncommon map legends, different cartography techniques, and poor knowledge of projections used. Methods for effective georeferencing of the maps from 17th century are proposed and described, as well as quality control techniques. The applicability of the georeferenced historical maps is explored with the principles of time series analysis in comparison to contemporary spatial data sets. The studied applications for the urban area of Ljubljana, Slovenia case study were changing of the river course of Ljubljanica River, and observing the changes due to developing of railways. The results show generally a high quality of the historical maps in contrast to contemporary data sets, and high value of their applicability for the urban studies. The proposed results can be used for a more effective planning and development of our society.

Podobnikar, T.; Lamovec, P.

2009-04-01

498

Historical maps georeferencing and examination the development of Ljubljana  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Historical maps comprise a lot of inherent information on natural environmental and anthropogenic changes. They are commonly the most important database for various spatial analyses of the land use as well as historical landscapes, urban development, influences of the economy development, toponyms changes, etc. Enhanced spatial oriented studies in geographical information system (GIS) require georeferenced data sets recorded in layers. This approach is commonly sufficiently applied to contemporary data, but more seldom for older spatial data. Cartographical methods have varied widely in time and space. The most important and complex part for using historical spatial data is its acquisition, including homogenisation, and the analysis itself. Major drawbacks are uncommon map legends, different cartography techniques, and poor knowledge of projections used. Methods for effective georeferencing of the maps from 17th century are proposed and described, as well as quality control techniques for the urban area of Ljubljana, Slovenia case study. The applicability of the georeferenced historical maps is explored with the principles of time series analysis in comparison to contemporary spatial data sets. The studied applications were changing of the river course of Ljubljanica River, and observing the changes due to developing of railways. The results show generally a high quality of the historical maps in contrast to contemporary data sets, and high value of their applicability for the urban studies. The proposed results can be used for a more effective planning and development of our society.

Podobnikar, T.; Lamovec, P.

2009-04-01

499

Nova Scotia: ``Feu Follet" At Cheticamp, and Also the Phenomena At L'Sitkuk of the Mi'Kmaw, May Be Electromagnetic In Nature.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There is a strong tradition that ``feu follet" exists at the cemetery associated with the Acadian French at Cheticamp. It is described as a blue light, and may actually be the equivalent of an ascending, positively charged stream of ions in the atmosphere, just like the blue-light column that is often a precursor of a storm's lightning-strike. Similar phenomena are at America's Stonehenge, at a stone serpent effigy site in Ohio, and just north of the Lakes Memphremagog and Magog of Vermont and Canada. At the Bear River L'sitkuk Reservation area, which seems to us to have been a most unsuitable site, was deliberately chosen by the Mi'kmaw for their living area. Was this because certain properties of the electromagnetic field (EMF) are evident to them there, which also seem to be reflected in their legends? We hope to establish that these disparate cultures and their separate worldviews can be confirmed by the presence of particular EMF signatures. *This paper does not represent the views of the United States Environmental Protection Agency.

Ochs, Michael Ann; McLeod, Roger D.

2001-11-01

500

GIS Symbology for FRMAC/CMHT Radiological/Nuclear Products  

SciTech Connect

This document is intended to codify, to the extent currently possible, the representation of map products produced for and by the Federal Radiological Monitoring and Assessment Center (FRMAC) and the Consequence Management Home Team (CHMT), particularly those that include model products from the National Atmospheric Release Advisory Capability (NARAC). This is to facilitate consistency between GIS products produced by different members of these teams, which should ease the task of interpreting these products by both team members and those outside the team who may need to use these products during a response. The aspects of symbology being considered are primarily isopleths levels (breakpoints) and colors used to plot NARAC modeled dose or deposition fields on mpas, although some comments will be made about the handling of legend and supporting textual information. Other aspects of symbolizing such products (e.g., transparency) are being left to the individual team members to allow them to adapt to particular organizational needs or requirements that develop during a particular a response or exercise. This document has been written in coordination with the creation of training material in Baskett, et al., 2008. It is not intended as an aid to NARAC product interpretation but to facilitate the work of GIS specialists who deal with these products in map design and in the development of supporting scripts and software that partially or completely automate the integration of NARAC model products with other GIS data. This work was completed as part of the NA-42 Technical Integration Project on GIS Automated Data Processing and Map Production in FY 2008. Other efforts that are part of this work include (a) updating the NARAC shapefile product representation to facilitate the automation work proceed at RSL as part of the same TI effort and (b) to ensure that the NARAC shapefile construct includes all of the necessary legend and other textual data to interpret dispersion and deposition patterns and related products correctly. This document is focusing on the products produced by the GIS Division of the Remove Sensing Laboratory (RSL) and by the National Atmospheric Release Advisory Center (NARAC), both separately and in combination. The expectation is that standard products produced by either group independently or in combination should use the same key attributes in displaying the same kinds of data so that products of a given type generally look similar in key aspects of the presentation, thereby minimizing any confusion of users when a variety of products from these groups may be needed. This document is dealing with the set of common standard products used in responding to radiological/nuclear releases. There are a number of less standard products that are used occasionally or in certain specific situations that are not addressed here. This includes special products that are occasionally produced by both NARAC and RSL in responses and major exercises to meet immediate and unanticipated requirements. At some future time, it may be appropriate to review the handling of such special products by both organizations to determine if there are any areas that would benefit from being integrated with the conventions described here. A particular area that should be addressed in the near-term is that of Derived Response Levels (DRLs) calculated by the Consequence Management Home Team (CMHT) or FRMAC Assessment Scientists. A new calculation is done for every event assigning contour levels, or break-points, based upon field measurements. These contour levels can be applied to deposition or dose rate NARAC calculations. Because these calculations are different every time, they can not be stored in a database.

Walker, H; Aluzzi, F; Foster, K; Pobanz, B; Sher, B

2008-10-06