Science.gov

Sample records for legibility

  1. Legibility of Print.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bloodsworth, James Gaston

    Legibility refers to the physical appearance of printed materials: line lengths, type size, style of type face, space between lines and between letters, margins, and physical format are some of the factors that are involved. After the turn of the century, especially after 1925, research became fairly common in this area, but has been meager since…

  2. Legibility Evaluation with Oculomotor Analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saito, Daisuke; Saito, Keiichi; Saito, Masao

    Web page legibility is important because of WWW dissemination and color combinations between a foreground and a background are the crucial factors to provide sufficient legibility. In our previous studies, the visibilities of several web-safe color combinations were examined using a psychological method. In those studies, simple stimuli were used because of experimental restriction. In this study, legibility of sentences on Web sites was examined using a psychophisiological method by oculomotor and the effect of the achromatic color combinations, that is contrast, was examined with calculated reading time. The presentation stimuli were positive coloration whose font color luminance is lower than background color, and negative coloration whose font color luminance is higher than background color. And the number of characters per line in each page was arranged in the same number, and the four achromatic colors that is, the contrast between the background color and font color are 92.5, 75.0, 50.0 and 25.0 percent, were examined. As the results, it was shown that reading time of became long when the contrast. However, in the negative coloration, there were great differences between individuals. Therefore, considering web accessibility, the legibility is found to be useful for using a positive coloration.

  3. Text legibility and the letter superiority effect.

    PubMed

    Sheedy, James E; Subbaram, Manoj V; Zimmerman, Aaron B; Hayes, John R

    2005-01-01

    Effects of font design and electronic display parameters upon text legibility were determined using a threshold size method. Participants' visual acuity (inverse of the minimum detection size, representing the threshold legibility for each condition) was measured using upper- and lowercase letters and lowercase words in combinations of 6 fonts, 3 font-smoothing modes, 4 font sizes, 10 pixel heights, and 4 stroke widths. Individual lowercase letters were 10% to 20% more legible than lowercase words (i.e., lowercase words must be 10%-20% larger to have the same threshold legibility). This letter superiority effect suggests that individual letters play a large role and word shape plays a smaller role, if any, in word identification at threshold. Pixel height, font, stroke width, and font smoothing had significant main effects on threshold legibility. Optimal legibility was attained at 9 pixels (10 points). Verdana and Arial were the most legible fonts; Times New Roman and Franklin were least legible. Subpixel rendering (ClearType) improved threshold legibility for some fonts and, in combination with Verdana, was the most legible condition. Increased stroke width (bold) improved threshold legibility but only at the thinnest width tested. Potential applications of this research include optimization of font design for legibility and readability. PMID:16553067

  4. 7 CFR 65.195 - Legible.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Legible. 65.195 Section 65.195 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS UNDER THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946 AND THE...

  5. 7 CFR 65.195 - Legible.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Legible. 65.195 Section 65.195 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS UNDER THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946 AND THE...

  6. 7 CFR 65.195 - Legible.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Legible. 65.195 Section 65.195 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS UNDER THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946 AND THE...

  7. 7 CFR 65.195 - Legible.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Legible. 65.195 Section 65.195 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS UNDER THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946 AND THE...

  8. 7 CFR 65.195 - Legible.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Legible. 65.195 Section 65.195 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS UNDER THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946 AND THE...

  9. White Letters on Colored Backgrounds: Legibility and Preference.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pett, Dennis

    This paper reviews two studies of color preference and the relationships between color and legibility. The Gustin study in 1991 dealt with the legibility of and preference for projected slides with colored backgrounds and white text. The order of background color preference was cyan, blue, green, yellow, magenta, and red. The follow-up study by…

  10. 27 CFR 7.53 - Legibility of mandatory information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Legibility of mandatory information. 7.53 Section 7.53 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS LABELING AND ADVERTISING OF MALT BEVERAGES Advertising of Malt Beverages § 7.53 Legibility of...

  11. 17 CFR 230.420 - Legibility of prospectus.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... rule 482 (17 CFR 230.482) may be in roman type at least as large and as legible as 8-point modern type.... However, (a) to the extent necessary for convenient presentation, financial statements and other...

  12. Disk calculator indicates legible lettering size for slide projection

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hultberg, R. R.

    1965-01-01

    Hand-operated disk calculator indicates the minimum size of letters and numbers in relation to the width and height of a working drawing. The lettering is legible when a slide of the drawing is projected.

  13. 27 CFR 4.63 - Legibility of mandatory information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... for two or more products shall not be stated unless clearly separated. (e) Mandatory information shall be so stated in both the print and audio-visual media that it will be readily apparent to the persons... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Legibility of...

  14. 27 CFR 4.63 - Legibility of mandatory information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... for two or more products shall not be stated unless clearly separated. (e) Mandatory information shall be so stated in both the print and audio-visual media that it will be readily apparent to the persons... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Legibility of...

  15. 27 CFR 5.64 - Legibility of mandatory information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... advertisement. (d) Manadatory information for two or more products shall not be stated unless clearly separated. (e) Mandatory information shall be so stated in both the print and audio-visual media that it will be... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Legibility of...

  16. 27 CFR 5.64 - Legibility of mandatory information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... advertisement. (d) Manadatory information for two or more products shall not be stated unless clearly separated. (e) Mandatory information shall be so stated in both the print and audio-visual media that it will be... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Legibility of...

  17. Legible Bodies in Music Education: Becoming-Matter

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gould, Elizabeth

    2007-01-01

    This article offers a highly-nuanced account of social justice that attempts to get beyond the facile and familiar rhetoric of "fairness" to more grounded, material, and embodied understandings of injustice. In an analysis that revolves around the concepts of performativity, legibility, and "the abject"--the "radically excluded"--the author argues…

  18. The Effect of Text Typographical Features on Legibility, Comprehension, and Retrieval of EFL Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Soleimani, Hassan; Mohammadi, Elham

    2012-01-01

    This experimental study investigated the relationship between font type, font size, and line spacing and legibility, as measured by speed of reading, comprehension, and recalling. Instruments for testing legibility and reading comprehension were presented in eight typographical styles in print. The study tested 90 students for legibility and 76…

  19. A Tool for Assessing the Text Legibility of Digital Human Machine Interfaces

    SciTech Connect

    Roger Lew; Ronald L. Boring; Thomas A. Ulrich

    2015-08-01

    A tool intended to aid qualified professionals in the assessment of the legibility of text presented on a digital display is described. The assessment of legibility is primarily for the purposes of designing and analyzing human machine interfaces in accordance with NUREG-0700 and MIL-STD 1472G. The tool addresses shortcomings of existing guidelines by providing more accurate metrics of text legibility with greater sensitivity to design alternatives.

  20. Legibility Evaluation Using Point-of-regard Measurement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saito, Daisuke; Saito, Keiichi; Saito, Masao

    Web site visibility has become important because of the rapid dissemination of World Wide Web, and combinations of foreground and background colors are crucial in providing high visibility. In our previous studies, the visibilities of several web-safe color combinations were examined using a psychological method. In those studies, simple stimuli were used because of experimental restriction. In this paper, legibility of sentences on web sites was examined using a psychophisiological method, point-of-regard measurement, to obtain other practical data. Ten people with normal color sensations ranging from ages 21 to 29 were recruited. The number of characters per line in each page was arranged in the same number, and the four representative achromatic web-safe colors, that is, #000000, #666666, #999999 and #CCCCCC, were examined. The reading time per character and the gaze time per line were obtained from point-of-regard measurement, and the normalized with the reading time and the gaze time of the three colors were calculated and compared. As the results, it was shown that the time of reading and gaze become long at the same ratio when the contrast decreases by point-of-regard measurement. Therefore, it was indicated that the legibility of color combinations could be estimated by point-of-regard measurement.

  1. Reading the landscape: Legible environments and hominin dispersals.

    PubMed

    Guiducci, Dario; Burke, Ariane

    2016-05-01

    Wayfinding, or the ability to plan and navigate a course over the landscape, is a subject of investigation in geography, neurophysiology, psychology, urban planning, and landscape design. With the prevalence of GPS-assisted navigation systems, or "wayfinders," computer scientists are also increasingly interested in understanding how people plan their movements and guide others. However, the importance of wayfinding as a process that regulates human mobility has only recently been incorporated into archeological research design. Hominin groups were able to disperse widely during the course of prehistory. The scope of these dispersals speaks to the innate navigation abilities of hominins. Their long-term success must have depended on an ability to communicate spatial information effectively. Here, we consider the extent to which some landscapes may have been more conducive to wayfinding than others. We also describe a tool we have created for quantifying landscape legibility (sensu Gollege), a complex and under-explored concept in archeology, with a view to investigating the impact of landscape structure on human wayfinding and thus, patterns of dispersal during prehistory. To this end, we have developed a method for quantifying legibility using a Geographic Information System (GIS) and apply it to a test case in prehistoric Iberia. PMID:27312185

  2. 21 CFR 610.62 - Proper name; package label; legible type.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... label; legible type. (a) Position. The proper name of the product on the package label shall be placed above any trademark or trade name identifying the product and symmetrically arranged with respect to... 21 Food and Drugs 7 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Proper name; package label; legible type....

  3. 21 CFR 610.62 - Proper name; package label; legible type.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... label; legible type. (a) Position. The proper name of the product on the package label shall be placed above any trademark or trade name identifying the product and symmetrically arranged with respect to... 21 Food and Drugs 7 2011-04-01 2010-04-01 true Proper name; package label; legible type....

  4. Towards a Better Understanding of the Legibility Bias in Performance Assessments: The Case of Gender-Based Inferences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greifeneder, Rainer; Zelt, Sarah; Seele, Tim; Bottenberg, Konstantin; Alt, Alexander

    2012-01-01

    Background: Handwriting legibility systematically biases evaluations in that highly legible handwriting results in more positive evaluations than less legible handwriting. Because performance assessments in educational contexts are not only based on computerized or multiple choice tests but often include the evaluation of handwritten work samples,…

  5. Improving the legibility of prescription medication labels for older adults and adults with visual impairment

    PubMed Central

    Leat, Susan J.; Krishnamoorthy, Abinaya; Carbonara, Antonio; Gold, Deborah; Rojas-Fernandez, Carlos

    2016-01-01

    Objectives: Most current prescription labels fail to meet print guidelines, especially in print size. We therefore compared the legibility of current prescription medication labels against the legibility of prototype labels, based on current guidelines for legibility. Method: Sample medication labels were obtained from pharmacies, and prototype medication labels were developed according to legibility guidelines from nongovernmental organizations and pharmacy organizations. Three groups of participants, consisting of older adults with normal vision, older adults with visual impairment and younger adults with visual impairment (total N = 71) took part. Participants were asked to read and rank the labels. Reading speed and accuracy were determined. Results: Accuracies were high (75%–100%), and there were no significant differences between samples or prototypes or between groups. Prototypes, however, were read faster than samples (p < 0.001). Subjectively, participants preferred the largest print option (p < 0.001) and instructions with the numbers written in highlighted uppercase words (p < 0.001). Discussion: The results indicate that improvements to the label would include larger print size, a consistent layout with left justification and using upper case with highlighting for emphasis of the numbers in the instructions. PMID:27212968

  6. An Analysis Framework Addressing the Scale and Legibility of Large Scientific Data Sets

    SciTech Connect

    Childs, H R

    2006-11-20

    Much of the previous work in the large data visualization area has solely focused on handling the scale of the data. This task is clearly a great challenge and necessary, but it is not sufficient. Applying standard visualization techniques to large scale data sets often creates complicated pictures where meaningful trends are lost. A second challenge, then, is to also provide algorithms that simplify what an analyst must understand, using either visual or quantitative means. This challenge can be summarized as improving the legibility or reducing the complexity of massive data sets. Fully meeting both of these challenges is the work of many, many PhD dissertations. In this dissertation, we describe some new techniques to address both the scale and legibility challenges, in hope of contributing to the larger solution. In addition to our assumption of simultaneously addressing both scale and legibility, we add an additional requirement that the solutions considered fit well within an interoperable framework for diverse algorithms, because a large suite of algorithms is often necessary to fully understand complex data sets. For scale, we present a general architecture for handling large data, as well as details of a contract-based system for integrating advanced optimizations into a data flow network design. We also describe techniques for volume rendering and performing comparisons at the extreme scale. For legibility, we present several techniques. Most noteworthy are equivalence class functions, a technique to drive visualizations using statistical methods, and line-scan based techniques for characterizing shape.

  7. Quality, range, and legibility in web sites related to orofacial functions.

    PubMed

    Corrêa, Camila de Castro; Ferrari, Deborah Viviane; Berretin-Felix, Giédre

    2013-10-01

    Introduction Plenty of information about health is available on the Internet; however, quality and legibility are not always evaluated. Knowledge regarding orofacial functions can be considered important for the population because it allows proper stimulus, early diagnosis, and prevention of the oral myofunctional alterations during early infancy. Objective The aim was evaluate the quality, legibility, and range of Web sites available in Brazilian Portuguese regarding the orofacial functions. Methods Selected Web sites with information directed to parents/caregivers of babies regarding breast-feeding, feeding after 6 months, deleterious oral habits, and breathing and speech were studied. The Web sites were evaluated through the application of Flesch Reading Ease Test and aspects of the Health on the Net (HON) modified code (HONCode); the range of the subjects addressed was compared with other aspects of infant development. Results From the access of 350 pages of the Internet, 35 Web sites were selected and 315 excluded because they did not meet the inclusion criteria. In relation to legibility, Web sites scored an average of 61.23% in the Flesch Test, and the application of the modified HONCode showed an average of 6.43 points; an average of 2.49 subjects were found per Web site evaluated, with information on breast-feeding being more frequent and subjects such as breathing and speech less frequent. Conclusions Web sites that deal with orofacial functions presented standard legibility classification. Only half of the ethical principles were considered by the modified HONCode in their majority, and most addressed subjects after "breast-feeding" were presented with restricted range. PMID:25992036

  8. Quality, Range, and Legibility in Web Sites Related to Orofacial Functions

    PubMed Central

    Corrêa, Camila de Castro; Ferrari, Deborah Viviane; Berretin-Felix, Giédre

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Plenty of information about health is available on the Internet; however, quality and legibility are not always evaluated. Knowledge regarding orofacial functions can be considered important for the population because it allows proper stimulus, early diagnosis, and prevention of the oral myofunctional alterations during early infancy. Objective The aim was evaluate the quality, legibility, and range of Web sites available in Brazilian Portuguese regarding the orofacial functions. Methods Selected Web sites with information directed to parents/caregivers of babies regarding breast-feeding, feeding after 6 months, deleterious oral habits, and breathing and speech were studied. The Web sites were evaluated through the application of Flesch Reading Ease Test and aspects of the Health on the Net (HON) modified code (HONCode); the range of the subjects addressed was compared with other aspects of infant development. Results From the access of 350 pages of the Internet, 35 Web sites were selected and 315 excluded because they did not meet the inclusion criteria. In relation to legibility, Web sites scored an average of 61.23% in the Flesch Test, and the application of the modified HONCode showed an average of 6.43 points; an average of 2.49 subjects were found per Web site evaluated, with information on breast-feeding being more frequent and subjects such as breathing and speech less frequent. Conclusions Web sites that deal with orofacial functions presented standard legibility classification. Only half of the ethical principles were considered by the modified HONCode in their majority, and most addressed subjects after “breast-feeding” were presented with restricted range. PMID:25992036

  9. The impact of display angles on the legibility of Sans-Serif 5 × 5 capitalized letters.

    PubMed

    Cai, Hongyi; Li, Linjie

    2014-07-01

    This paper introduced a laboratory study on quantifying the impact of display angles 0.0°-90.0° on the legibility of Sans-Serif 5 × 5 Capitalized Letters C, D, E, F, H, K, N, P, R, U, V, and Z, commonly used for acuity tests. This study addressed three issues not tackled in the previous studies, including (a) extremely large incident angles 82.8°-90°, (b) multiple letters other than a single letter E previously used, and (c) the interference of people's normal reading habit on legibility evaluation. A total of 20 young college students with Snellen acuity 20/20 or better and normal color vision participated in this experiment. They were asked to read viewing materials presented at 15 display angles. This study derived two equations and modified an existing legibility index to correct the interference of people's normal reading habit on legibility evaluation at extreme oblique display angles. PMID:24290564

  10. Relationships between Fine-Motor, Visual-Motor, and Visual Perception Scores and Handwriting Legibility and Speed

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klein, Sheryl; Guiltner, Val; Sollereder, Patti; Cui, Ying

    2011-01-01

    Occupational therapists assess fine motor, visual motor, visual perception, and visual skill development, but knowledge of the relationships between scores on sensorimotor performance measures and handwriting legibility and speed is limited. Ninety-nine students in grades three to six with learning and/or behavior problems completed the Upper-Limb…

  11. Grip force variability and its effects on children's handwriting legibility, form, and strokes.

    PubMed

    Falk, Tiago H; Tam, Cynthia; Schwellnus, Heidi; Chau, Tom

    2010-11-01

    A comprehensive understanding of the underlying biomechanical processes during handwriting is needed to accurately guide clinical interventions. To date, quantitative measurement of such biomechanical processes has largely excluded measurements of the forces exerted radially on the barrel of the writing utensil (grip forces) and how they vary over time during a handwriting task. An instrumented writing utensil was deployed for a direct measurement of kinematic and temporal information during a writing task, as well as forces exerted on the writing surface and on the barrel of the pen. The writing utensil was used by a cohort of 35 students (19 males), 16 in first grade and 19 in second grade, as they performed the Minnesota Handwriting Assessment (MHA) test. Quantitative grip force variability measures were computed and tested as correlates of handwriting legibility, form, and strokes. Grip force variability was shown to correlate strongly with handwriting quality, in particular for students classified by the MHA as nonproficient writers. More specifically, static grip force patterns were shown to result in poor handwriting quality and in greater variation in handwriting stroke durations. Grip force variability throughout the writing task was shown to be significantly lower for nonproficient writers (t-test, p<0.01) while the number of strokes and per-stroke durations were shown to be higher (p<0.03). The results suggest that grip force dynamics play a key role in determining handwriting quality and stroke characteristics. In particular, students with writing difficulties exhibited more static grip force patterns, lower legibility and form scores, as well as increased variation in stroke durations. These findings shed light on the underlying processes of handwriting and grip force modulation and may help to improve intervention planning. PMID:21034156

  12. The relevance and legibility of radio/TV weather reports to the Austrian public

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Keul, A. G.; Holzer, A. M.

    2013-03-01

    The communicative quality of media weather reports, especially warnings, can be evaluated by user research. It is an interdisciplinary field, still uncoordinated after 35 years. The authors suggest to shift from a cognitive learning model to news processing, qualitative discourse and usability models as the media audience is in an edutainment situation where it acts highly selective. A series of field surveys 2008-2011 tested the relevance and legibility of Austrian radio and television weather reports on fair weather and in warning situations. 247 laypeople heard/saw original, mostly up-to-date radio/TV weather reports and recalled personally relevant data. Also, a questionnaire on weather knowledge was answered by 237 Austrians. Several research hypotheses were tested. The main results were (a) a relatively high level of meteorological knowledge of the general population, with interest and participation of German-speaking migrants, (b) a pluralistic media usage with TV, radio and internet as the leading media, (c) higher interest and attention (also for local weather) after warnings, but a risk of more false recalls after long warnings, (d) more recall problems with radio messages and a wish that the weather elements should always appear in the same order to faciliate processing for the audience. In their narrow time windows, radio/TV weather reports should concentrate on main features (synoptic situation, tomorrow's temperature and precipitation, possible warnings), keep a verbal “speed limit” and restrict show elements to serve the active, selective, multioptional, multicultural audience.

  13. A Simple Way to Achieve Legible and Local Controllable Patterning for Polymers Based on a Near-Infrared Pulsed Laser.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Jihai; Zhou, Tao; Wen, Liang; Zhao, Jing; Zhang, Aiming

    2016-01-27

    This study developed a simple way to achieve legible and local controllable patterning for polymers based on a near-infrared (NIR) pulsed laser. The polycarbonate-coated nano antimony-doped tin oxide (nano ATO) was designed as a core-shell structure that was tailored to be responsive to a 1064 nm NIR laser. The globular morphology of polycarbonate-coated nano ATO with a diameter of around 2-3 μm was observed by scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. This core-shell structure combined the excellent photothermal conversion efficiency of nano ATO and the high char (carbon) residue of polycarbonate. The X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy results of a polymer-patterning plate after laser irradiation demonstrated that, through local controlled photochromism, the well-defined legible patterns can be fabricated on the polymer surfaces contribute to the synergistic effect consisting of polycarbonate carbonization and nano ATO photothermal conversion. Furthermore, polymers doped with a minimal content of polycarbonate-coated nano ATO can achieve a remarkable patterning effect. This novel laser-patterning approach will have wide promising applications in the field of polymer NIR pulsed-laser patterning. PMID:26717082

  14. An Exploratory Study of the Effect of Screen Size and Resolution on the Legibility of Graphics in Automated Job Performance Aids. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dwyer, Daniel J.

    Designed to assess the effect of alternative display (CRT) screen sizes and resolution levels on user ability to identify and locate printed circuit (PC) board points, this study is the first in a protracted research program on the legibility of graphics in computer-based job aids. Air Force maintenance training pipeline students (35 male and 1…

  15. Actively transparent display with enhanced legibility based on an organic light-emitting diode and a cholesteric liquid crystal blind panel.

    PubMed

    Yeon, Jeongho; Koh, Tae-Wook; Cho, Hyunsu; Chung, Jin; Yoo, Seunghyup; Yoon, Jun-Bo

    2013-04-22

    Transparent display is one of the most promising concepts among the next generation information display devices. Nevertheless, conventional transparent displays have two inherent problems: low forward light efficiency due to the light being emitted also in a backward direction; and low legibility due to the visual interruption caused by the light coming from the background. In this work, a cholesteric liquid crystal (Ch-LC) based, actively operational blind panel is combined with transparent organic light-emitting diodes (TR-OLEDs) to recycle the light wasted by backward propagation in transparent displays while blocking the light from behind the display, pursuing both improved forward light efficiency and enhanced image legibility. By tuning the reflectance spectrum of the Ch-LC panel to match the emission spectrum of TR-OLEDs, we achieved luminous efficiency increase by as large as 21% (85%) when the top metal cathode side (the bottom ITO side) of the OLEDs fa'transparent OLED' ces the blind panel. Maximum transmittance of the proposed device reached a high value of 60%, successfully demonstrating a new window-like transparent display concept. PMID:23609746

  16. Quantitative texton sequences for legible bivariate maps.

    PubMed

    Ware, Colin

    2009-01-01

    Representing bivariate scalar maps is a common but difficult visualization problem. One solution has been to use two dimensional color schemes, but the results are often hard to interpret and inaccurately read. An alternative is to use a color sequence for one variable and a texture sequence for another. This has been used, for example, in geology, but much less studied than the two dimensional color scheme, although theory suggests that it should lead to easier perceptual separation of information relating to the two variables. To make a texture sequence more clearly readable the concept of the quantitative texton sequence (QTonS) is introduced. A QTonS is defined a sequence of small graphical elements, called textons, where each texton represents a different numerical value and sets of textons can be densely displayed to produce visually differentiable textures. An experiment was carried out to compare two bivariate color coding schemes with two schemes using QTonS for one bivariate map component and a color sequence for the other. Two different key designs were investigated (a key being a sequence of colors or textures used in obtaining quantitative values from a map). The first design used two separate keys, one for each dimension, in order to measure how accurately subjects could independently estimate the underlying scalar variables. The second key design was two dimensional and intended to measure the overall integral accuracy that could be obtained. The results show that the accuracy is substantially higher for the QTonS/color sequence schemes. A hypothesis that texture/color sequence combinations are better for independent judgments of mapped quantities was supported. A second experiment probed the limits of spatial resolution for QTonSs. PMID:19834229

  17. 17 CFR 260.7a-18 - Legibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., mimeographing, typing or other markings shall be in black ink, except that debits in credit categories and credits in debit categories may be set forth in red or black ink, but shall in all cases be designated...

  18. 47 CFR 61.52 - Form, size, type, legibility, etc.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...-hand corner the name of the issuing carrier; in the upper right-hand corner the FCC number of the... issuing officer, and the issued date; and in the upper right-hand corner the FCC number of the tariff... bottom of each page to indicate the end of the material, e.g., a line, or the term “Printed in USA,”...

  19. 47 CFR 61.52 - Form, size, type, legibility, etc.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... name of the issuing carrier; in the upper right-hand corner the FCC number of the tariff, with the page... issued date; and in the upper right-hand corner the FCC number of the tariff, with the page designation... indicate the end of the material, e.g., a line, or the term “Printed in USA,” or “End”. (3) Only one...

  20. 47 CFR 61.52 - Form, size, type, legibility, etc.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... name of the issuing carrier; in the upper right-hand corner the FCC number of the tariff, with the page... issued date; and in the upper right-hand corner the FCC number of the tariff, with the page designation... indicate the end of the material, e.g., a line, or the term “Printed in USA,” or “End”. (3) Only one...

  1. 47 CFR 61.52 - Form, size, type, legibility, etc.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... name of the issuing carrier; in the upper right-hand corner the FCC number of the tariff, with the page... issued date; and in the upper right-hand corner the FCC number of the tariff, with the page designation... indicate the end of the material, e.g., a line, or the term “Printed in USA,” or “End”. (3) Only one...

  2. 47 CFR 61.52 - Form, size, type, legibility, etc.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... name of the issuing carrier; in the upper right-hand corner the FCC number of the tariff, with the page... issued date; and in the upper right-hand corner the FCC number of the tariff, with the page designation... indicate the end of the material, e.g., a line, or the term “Printed in USA,” or “End”. (3) Only one...

  3. Effects of Stereo and Screen Size on the Legibility of Three-Dimensional Streamtube Visualization.

    PubMed

    Chen, Jian; Cai, Haipeng; Auchus, A P; Laidlaw, D H

    2012-12-01

    We report the impact of display characteristics (stereo and size) on task performance in diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (DMRI) in a user study with 12 participants. The hypotheses were that (1) adding stereo and increasing display size would improve task accuracy and reduce completion time, and (2) the greater the complexity of a spatial task, the greater the benefits of an improved display. Thus we expected to see greater performance gains when detailed visual reasoning was required. Participants used dense streamtube visualizations to perform five representative tasks: (1) determine the higher average fractional anisotropy (FA) values between two regions, (2) find the endpoints of fiber tracts, (3) name a bundle, (4) mark a brain lesion, and (5) judge if tracts belong to the same bundle. Contrary to our hypotheses, we found the task completion time was not improved by the use of the larger display and that performance accuracy was hurt rather than helped by the introduction of stereo in our study with dense DMRI data. Bigger was not always better. Thus cautious should be taken when selecting displays for scientific visualization applications. We explored the results further using the body-scale unit and subjective size and stereo experiences. PMID:26357120

  4. The Relationship of Pencil Grasp on College Students' Handwriting Speed and Legibility

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shah, Lalit J.; Gladson, Beth L.

    2015-01-01

    To be successful in school, it is important for students to be able to communicate to teachers what they know and have learned through exams, papers, daily assignments, and projects. The primary way students display this knowledge during these tasks is in written form, and thus, the skill of handwriting is essential. School-based occupational…

  5. 21 CFR 610.62 - Proper name; package label; legible type.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... contrast in color value between the proper name and the background shall be at least as great as the color value between the trademark and trade name and the background. Typography, layout, contrast, and...

  6. Effect of structural composition and position of occlusion on the legibility of occluded Chinese characters.

    PubMed

    Tsao, Yung-Chin; Liao, Ching-Chih

    2015-04-01

    The study examined the effect of structural composition, position of occlusion, and education background on response time and accuracy rate of adult participants in recognition of occluded Chinese characters used in graphic design. Based on 18 Chinese characters selected from the top 4,000 most commonly used characters, a recognition experiment was conducted. Results indicated that, for the characters with two different composition structures, the right position was the best position of occlusion because the recognition of the radical or feature of a character would be least affected, leading to a shorter response time and more accurate reading comprehension. Educational background did not have a significant influence on response time and recognition accuracy. PMID:25914938

  7. Effects of Stereo and Screen Size on the Legibility of Three-Dimensional Streamtube Visualization

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Jian; Cai, Haipeng; Auchus, Alexander P.; Laidlaw, David H.

    2015-01-01

    We report the impact of display characteristics (stereo and size) on task performance in diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (DMRI) in a user study with 12 participants. The hypotheses were that (1) adding stereo and increasing display size would improve task accuracy and reduce completion time, and (2) the greater the complexity of a spatial task, the greater the benefits of an improved display. Thus we expected to see greater performance gains when detailed visual reasoning was required. Participants used dense streamtube visualizations to perform five representative tasks: (1) determine the higher average fractional anisotropy (FA) values between two regions, (2) find the endpoints of fiber tracts, (3) name a bundle, (4) mark a brain lesion, and (5) judge if tracts belong to the same bundle. Contrary to our hypotheses, we found the task completion time was not improved by the use of the larger display and that performance accuracy was hurt rather than helped by the introduction of stereo in our study with dense DMRI data. Bigger was not always better. Thus cautious should be taken when selecting displays for scientific visualization applications. We explored the results further using the body-scale unit and subjective size and stereo experiences. PMID:26357120

  8. Seeking Visual Clarity an Examination of Font Legibility and Visual Presentation for Elementary-Level Special Education Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haugen, Theresa Tetrick

    2010-01-01

    This study examined font and layout alternatives for mild special education children in third through sixth grade. Of this group, twelve were boys and two were girls, seven were suburban students and seven were urban students. During the first phase, the students were observed reading four different fonts, then the participant named the easiest…

  9. How a Neurologically Integrated Approach Which Teaches Sound-Symbol Correspondence and Legible Letter Formations Impacts At-Risk First Graders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaw, Donita Massengill; Sundberg, Mary Lou

    2008-01-01

    The setting of this study took place in an inner city. The purpose was to determine the effectiveness of a neurologically integrated approach in teaching 43 at-risk pre-first graders their letter sounds and formations during 45-50 hours of summer school. There were four sequential phases to teaching this alphabetic approach: imagery, auditory,…

  10. The Effects of Fading, Modeling, Prompting, and Direct Instruction on Letter Legibility for Two Preschool Students with Physical and Developmental Delays

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parks, Christine; Weber, Kimberly P.; McLaughlin, T. F.

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the model, lead, and test procedure, as well as a fading procedure with prompts and Direct Instruction with two preschool developmentally delayed students. These procedures were implemented to teach a class of preschoolers to write their names in preparation for their kindergarten…

  11. 1 CFR 20.3 - Organization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... the agency's organizational structure. Charts must be prepared so as to be perfectly legible when... relationships between units. (c) Narrative descriptions of organizational structure or hierarchy that...

  12. 1 CFR 20.3 - Organization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... the agency's organizational structure. Charts must be prepared so as to be perfectly legible when... relationships between units. (c) Narrative descriptions of organizational structure or hierarchy that...

  13. 46 CFR 535.403 - Form of agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... terminal agreements and assessment agreements. (a) Agreements shall be clearly and legibly written. Agreements in a language other than English shall be accompanied by an English translation. (b)...

  14. 49 CFR 172.315 - Limited quantities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...-on-point must be durable, legible and of a size relative to the packaging, readily visible, and must... the packaging size requires a reduced size marking that must be no less than 50 mm on each side. When...: ER30DE11.005 (2) The square-on-point must be durable, legible and of a size relative to the package as...

  15. Making It Readable

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gisolfi, Peter

    2006-01-01

    In this article, the author talks about legibility as an essential component of education facility design. Legibility is concerned not only with stylistic consistency, but also with other design factors that help make a building understandable. Reconfigured interiors and multiple additions can create confusing paths. Illogical assortments of…

  16. 14 CFR 45.15 - Replacement and modification parts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... permanently and legibly mark the part with— (1) The letters “FAA-PMA”; (2) The name, trademark, or symbol of... Marking requirements for PMA articles, TSO articles, and Critical parts. (a) PMA articles. The manufacturer of a PMA article must permanently and legibly mark— (1) Each PMA article, with the PMA...

  17. 30 CFR 15.7 - Approval marking.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... under the brand or trade name specified in the approval. (b) The wrapper of each cartridge and each case of approved explosives shall be legibly labeled with the following: the brand or trade name, “MSHA... legibly labeled with the following: the brand or trade name, “MSHA Approved Sheathed Explosive Unit”,...

  18. 15 CFR 240.5 - Required marking.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 1 inch in height and not expanded or condensed; it shall be clear, legible, and permanent, and so... be in boldface letters at least one-half inch in height and not expanded or condensed, and shall be... expanded or condensed; it shall be clear, legible, and permanent, and so placed with reference to the...

  19. 15 CFR 240.5 - Required marking.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 1 inch in height and not expanded or condensed; it shall be clear, legible, and permanent, and so... be in boldface letters at least one-half inch in height and not expanded or condensed, and shall be... expanded or condensed; it shall be clear, legible, and permanent, and so placed with reference to the...

  20. 15 CFR 240.5 - Required marking.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 1 inch in height and not expanded or condensed; it shall be clear, legible, and permanent, and so... be in boldface letters at least one-half inch in height and not expanded or condensed, and shall be... expanded or condensed; it shall be clear, legible, and permanent, and so placed with reference to the...

  1. 15 CFR 240.5 - Required marking.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 1 inch in height and not expanded or condensed; it shall be clear, legible, and permanent, and so... be in boldface letters at least one-half inch in height and not expanded or condensed, and shall be... expanded or condensed; it shall be clear, legible, and permanent, and so placed with reference to the...

  2. 26 CFR 48.4082-2 - Diesel fuel and kerosene; notice required for dyed fuel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... dyed fuel. 48.4082-2 Section 48.4082-2 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE... required for dyed fuel. (a) In general. A legible and conspicuous notice stating “DYED DIESEL FUEL... facility where it sells dyed diesel fuel for use by its buyer. A legible and conspicuous notice...

  3. 26 CFR 48.4082-2 - Diesel fuel and kerosene; notice required for dyed fuel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... dyed fuel. 48.4082-2 Section 48.4082-2 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE... required for dyed fuel. (a) In general. A legible and conspicuous notice stating “DYED DIESEL FUEL... facility where it sells dyed diesel fuel for use by its buyer. A legible and conspicuous notice...

  4. 26 CFR 48.4082-2 - Diesel fuel and kerosene; notice required for dyed fuel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... dyed fuel. 48.4082-2 Section 48.4082-2 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE... required for dyed fuel. (a) In general. A legible and conspicuous notice stating “DYED DIESEL FUEL... facility where it sells dyed diesel fuel for use by its buyer. A legible and conspicuous notice...

  5. 26 CFR 48.4082-2 - Diesel fuel and kerosene; notice required for dyed fuel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... dyed fuel. 48.4082-2 Section 48.4082-2 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE... required for dyed fuel. (a) In general. A legible and conspicuous notice stating “DYED DIESEL FUEL... facility where it sells dyed diesel fuel for use by its buyer. A legible and conspicuous notice...

  6. The Effects of Color in American Political Campaigns.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howard, W. Gary

    1984-01-01

    Examined whether public relations and social psychology beliefs about color are adapatable to the market conditions of campaigns. Surveyed voters (N=273) incorporating relevant questions on legibility, preference, and remembrance of color patterns. One combination - black on yellow - was most legible, most preferred, and most remembered; blue…

  7. 12 CFR 563.570 - What information must I include in my notice?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... OTS regional office; (2) Legible fingerprints of the proposed director or senior executive officer. You are not required to file fingerprints if, within three years prior to the date of submission of the notice, the proposed director or senior executive officer provided legible fingerprints as part...

  8. 12 CFR 163.570 - What information must I include in my notice?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Report which are available from the OCC; (2) Legible fingerprints of the proposed director or senior executive officer. You are not required to file fingerprints if, within three years prior to the date of submission of the notice, the proposed director or senior executive officer provided legible fingerprints...

  9. 12 CFR 390.364 - What information must I include in my notice?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... of this chapter; (2) Legible fingerprints of the proposed director or senior executive officer. You are not required to file fingerprints if, within three years prior to the date of submission of the notice, the proposed director or senior executive officer provided legible fingerprints as part of...

  10. 12 CFR 563.570 - What information must I include in my notice?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... OTS regional office; (2) Legible fingerprints of the proposed director or senior executive officer. You are not required to file fingerprints if, within three years prior to the date of submission of the notice, the proposed director or senior executive officer provided legible fingerprints as part...

  11. 12 CFR 563.570 - What information must I include in my notice?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... OTS regional office; (2) Legible fingerprints of the proposed director or senior executive officer. You are not required to file fingerprints if, within three years prior to the date of submission of the notice, the proposed director or senior executive officer provided legible fingerprints as part...

  12. 12 CFR 163.570 - What information must I include in my notice?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Report which are available from the OCC; (2) Legible fingerprints of the proposed director or senior executive officer. You are not required to file fingerprints if, within three years prior to the date of submission of the notice, the proposed director or senior executive officer provided legible fingerprints...

  13. 12 CFR 563.570 - What information must I include in my notice?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... OTS regional office; (2) Legible fingerprints of the proposed director or senior executive officer. You are not required to file fingerprints if, within three years prior to the date of submission of the notice, the proposed director or senior executive officer provided legible fingerprints as part...

  14. 12 CFR 390.364 - What information must I include in my notice?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... of this chapter; (2) Legible fingerprints of the proposed director or senior executive officer. You are not required to file fingerprints if, within three years prior to the date of submission of the notice, the proposed director or senior executive officer provided legible fingerprints as part of...

  15. 12 CFR 390.364 - What information must I include in my notice?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... of this chapter; (2) Legible fingerprints of the proposed director or senior executive officer. You are not required to file fingerprints if, within three years prior to the date of submission of the notice, the proposed director or senior executive officer provided legible fingerprints as part of...

  16. 12 CFR 563.570 - What information must I include in my notice?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... OTS regional office; (2) Legible fingerprints of the proposed director or senior executive officer. You are not required to file fingerprints if, within three years prior to the date of submission of the notice, the proposed director or senior executive officer provided legible fingerprints as part...

  17. 12 CFR 163.570 - What information must I include in my notice?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Report which are available from the OCC; (2) Legible fingerprints of the proposed director or senior executive officer. You are not required to file fingerprints if, within three years prior to the date of submission of the notice, the proposed director or senior executive officer provided legible fingerprints...

  18. 30 CFR 15.7 - Approval marking.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... under the brand or trade name specified in the approval. (b) The wrapper of each cartridge and each case of approved explosives shall be legibly labeled with the following: the brand or trade name, “MSHA... legibly labeled with the following: the brand or trade name, “MSHA Approved Sheathed Explosive Unit”,...

  19. 30 CFR 15.7 - Approval marking.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... under the brand or trade name specified in the approval. (b) The wrapper of each cartridge and each case of approved explosives shall be legibly labeled with the following: the brand or trade name, “MSHA... legibly labeled with the following: the brand or trade name, “MSHA Approved Sheathed Explosive Unit”,...

  20. The ANKLe Score: An Audit of Otolaryngology Emergency Clinic Record Keeping

    PubMed Central

    Dexter, Sara C; Hayashi, Daichi; Tysome, James R

    2008-01-01

    INTRODUCTION Accurate and legible medical records are essential to good quality patient care. Guidelines from The Royal College of Surgeons of England (RCSE) state the content required to form a complete medical record, but do not address legibility. An audit of otolaryngology emergency clinic record keeping was performed using a new scoring system. PATIENTS AND METHODS The Adjusted Note Keeping and Legibility (ANKLe) score was developed as an objective and quantitative method to assess both the content and legibility of case notes, incorporating the RCSE guidelines. Twenty consecutive otolaryngology emergency clinic case notes from each of 7 senior house officers were audited against standards for legibility and content using the ANKLe score. A proforma was introduced to improve documentation and handwriting advice was given. A further set of 140 notes (20 notes for each of the 7 doctors) was audited in the same way to provide feedback. RESULTS The introduction of a proforma and advice on handwriting significantly increased the quality of case note entries in terms of content, legibility and overall ANKLe score. CONCLUSIONS Accurate note keeping can be improved by the use of a proforma. The legibility of handwriting can be improved using simple advice. The ANKLe score is an objective assessment tool of the overall quality of medical note documentation which can be adapted for use in other specialties. PMID:18430339

  1. 49 CFR 236.1039 - Operations and Maintenance Manual.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... software versions, revisions, and revision dates. Plans must be legible and correct. (c) Hardware, software... specified in the PTCDP and PTCSP. (d) Safety-critical components, including spare equipment, must...

  2. 49 CFR 40.167 - How are MRO reports of drug results transmitted to the employer?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... transmit a legible image or copy of either the signed or stamped and dated Copy 2 or the written report... not require an image of Copy 2 or the written report. (d) In transmitting test results, you or the...

  3. 46 CFR 160.040-6 - Marking and labeling.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Line-Throwing Appliance, Impulse-Projected Rocket Type (and... rocket-projectiles shall be legibly marked with the name of the manufacturer, the model designation,...

  4. 46 CFR 160.040-6 - Marking and labeling.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Line-Throwing Appliance, Impulse-Projected Rocket Type (and... rocket-projectiles shall be legibly marked with the name of the manufacturer, the model designation,...

  5. 46 CFR 160.040-6 - Marking and labeling.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Line-Throwing Appliance, Impulse-Projected Rocket Type (and... rocket-projectiles shall be legibly marked with the name of the manufacturer, the model designation,...

  6. 46 CFR 160.040-6 - Marking and labeling.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Line-Throwing Appliance, Impulse-Projected Rocket Type (and... rocket-projectiles shall be legibly marked with the name of the manufacturer, the model designation,...

  7. 46 CFR 160.040-6 - Marking and labeling.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Line-Throwing Appliance, Impulse-Projected Rocket Type (and... rocket-projectiles shall be legibly marked with the name of the manufacturer, the model designation,...

  8. Vision and Visual Comfort

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carl, David

    1977-01-01

    Visual comfort and legibility are not the same thing. Visual comfort is the light brightness range between glare and insufficient light. Eye adjustment to changing light levels is described. (Author/STS)

  9. 8 CFR 392.3 - Application for posthumous citizenship.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    .... The fee may not be waived or refunded. To facilitate the certification process, a legible copy of each... application. When the application is denied, the applicant shall be notified of the decision and the...

  10. 8 CFR 392.3 - Application for posthumous citizenship.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    .... The fee may not be waived or refunded. To facilitate the certification process, a legible copy of each... application. When the application is denied, the applicant shall be notified of the decision and the...

  11. 16 CFR 423.1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... will not become separated from the product and will remain legible during the useful life of the... long, that are clearly and conspicuously marked pound goods or fabrics of undetermined origin...

  12. 16 CFR 423.1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... will not become separated from the product and will remain legible during the useful life of the... long, that are clearly and conspicuously marked pound goods or fabrics of undetermined origin...

  13. 46 CFR 78.50-10 - Draft marks and draft indicating systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... draft marks plainly and legibly visible upon the stem and upon the sternpost or rudderpost or any place... of the draft marks, due to raked stem or cut—away skeg, the datum line from which the draft shal...

  14. 46 CFR 32.05-1 - Draft marks and draft indicating systems-TB/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... vessels must have draft marks plainly and legibly visible upon the stem and upon the sternpost or... aft to the location of the draft marks, due to raked stem or cutaway skeg, the datum line from...

  15. 49 CFR 387.31 - Financial responsibility required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... carrier's principal place of business. The proof shall consist of— (1) “Endorsement(s) for Motor Carriers... in a contiguous foreign country, shall have on board the vehicle a legible copy, in English, of...

  16. 49 CFR 387.7 - Financial responsibility required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... carrier's principal place of business. The proof shall consist of— (1) “Endorsement(s) for Motor Carrier... legible copy, in English, of the proof of the required financial responsibility (Form MCS-90 or...

  17. 20 CFR 402.150 - Release of records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... reading rooms. (b) Poor copy. If we cannot make a legible copy of a record to be released, we do not attempt to reconstruct it. Instead, we furnish the best copy possible and note its poor quality in...

  18. 33 CFR 159.55 - Identification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... without loss of legibility the combined effects of normal wear and tear and exposure to water, salt spray... lettering must be designed to resist efforts to remove them from the device or efforts to alter...

  19. 33 CFR 159.55 - Identification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... without loss of legibility the combined effects of normal wear and tear and exposure to water, salt spray... lettering must be designed to resist efforts to remove them from the device or efforts to alter...

  20. 33 CFR 159.55 - Identification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... without loss of legibility the combined effects of normal wear and tear and exposure to water, salt spray... lettering must be designed to resist efforts to remove them from the device or efforts to alter...

  1. 19 CFR 148.1 - Registration of effects to be taken abroad.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... reuse. The form shall be presented to the Customs officer when the registered articles are returned to the United States. The form shall be valid for reuse as long as the document is legible to...

  2. 19 CFR 148.1 - Registration of effects to be taken abroad.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... reuse. The form shall be presented to the Customs officer when the registered articles are returned to the United States. The form shall be valid for reuse as long as the document is legible to...

  3. 47 CFR 78.69 - Station records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... was made, if an automatic alarm system is not employed. (3) In the event of any observed or otherwise... and legible manner by the person or persons competent to do so, having actual knowledge of the...

  4. 47 CFR 78.69 - Station records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... was made, if an automatic alarm system is not employed. (3) In the event of any observed or otherwise... and legible manner by the person or persons competent to do so, having actual knowledge of the...

  5. 14 CFR 121.317 - Passenger information requirements, smoking prohibitions, and additional seat belt requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR CARRIERS AND OPERATORS FOR..., if it is equipped with at least one placard that is legible to each person seated in the cabin...

  6. 47 CFR 22.947 - Five year build-out period.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... MOBILE SERVICES Cellular Radiotelephone Service § 22.947 Five year build-out period. Except for systems... must be clear and legible. The map must accurately show the cell sites (transmitting antenna...

  7. 47 CFR 22.947 - Five year build-out period.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... MOBILE SERVICES Cellular Radiotelephone Service § 22.947 Five year build-out period. Except for systems... must be clear and legible. The map must accurately show the cell sites (transmitting antenna...

  8. 47 CFR 22.947 - Five year build-out period.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... MOBILE SERVICES Cellular Radiotelephone Service § 22.947 Five year build-out period. Except for systems... must be clear and legible. The map must accurately show the cell sites (transmitting antenna...

  9. 46 CFR 98.25-15 - Markings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ..., AND OTHER PROVISIONS FOR CERTAIN DANGEROUS CARGOES IN BULK Anhydrous Ammonia in Bulk § 98.25-15..., the legend, “Anhydrous Ammonia” shall be conspicuously and legibly marked upon the dome or...

  10. 46 CFR 98.25-15 - Markings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., AND OTHER PROVISIONS FOR CERTAIN DANGEROUS CARGOES IN BULK Anhydrous Ammonia in Bulk § 98.25-15..., the legend, “Anhydrous Ammonia” shall be conspicuously and legibly marked upon the dome or...

  11. 46 CFR 98.25-15 - Markings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ..., AND OTHER PROVISIONS FOR CERTAIN DANGEROUS CARGOES IN BULK Anhydrous Ammonia in Bulk § 98.25-15..., the legend, “Anhydrous Ammonia” shall be conspicuously and legibly marked upon the dome or...

  12. 46 CFR 98.25-15 - Markings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ..., AND OTHER PROVISIONS FOR CERTAIN DANGEROUS CARGOES IN BULK Anhydrous Ammonia in Bulk § 98.25-15..., the legend, “Anhydrous Ammonia” shall be conspicuously and legibly marked upon the dome or...

  13. 46 CFR 98.25-15 - Markings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ..., AND OTHER PROVISIONS FOR CERTAIN DANGEROUS CARGOES IN BULK Anhydrous Ammonia in Bulk § 98.25-15..., the legend, “Anhydrous Ammonia” shall be conspicuously and legibly marked upon the dome or...

  14. 46 CFR 97.40-10 - Draft marks and draft indicating systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... vessels must have draft marks plainly and legibly visible upon the stem and upon the sternpost or... aft to the location of the draft marks, due to raked stem or cut away skeg, the datum line from...

  15. 46 CFR 167.55-1 - Draft marks and draft indicating systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...) All vessels must have draft marks plainly and legibly visible upon the stem and upon the sternpost or... aft to the location of the draft marks, due to a raked stem or cut away skeg, the draft must...

  16. 46 CFR 78.50-10 - Draft marks and draft indicating systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... draft marks plainly and legibly visible upon the stem and upon the sternpost or rudderpost or any place... of the draft marks, due to raked stem or cut—away skeg, the datum line from which the draft shal...

  17. 46 CFR 32.05-1 - Draft marks and draft indicating systems-TB/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... vessels must have draft marks plainly and legibly visible upon the stem and upon the sternpost or... aft to the location of the draft marks, due to raked stem or cutaway skeg, the datum line from...

  18. 46 CFR 196.40-10 - Draft marks and draft indicating systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... vessels must have draft marks plainly and legibly visible upon the stem and upon the sternpost or... aft to the location of the draft marks, due to raked stem, or cutaway skeg, the datum line from...

  19. 46 CFR 78.50-10 - Draft marks and draft indicating systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... draft marks plainly and legibly visible upon the stem and upon the sternpost or rudderpost or any place... of the draft marks, due to raked stem or cut—away skeg, the datum line from which the draft shal...

  20. 46 CFR 131.220 - Drafts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Drafts. (a) Each vessel must have the drafts of the vessel plainly and legibly marked upon the stem and... stem or cutaway skeg, the keel does not extend forward or aft to the draft markings, the datum...

  1. 29 CFR 2700.5 - General requirements for pleadings and other documents; status or informational requests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... in paragraph (b)(1) of this section. (c) Necessary information. All documents shall be legible and... footnotes are prohibited. The failure to comply with the requirements of this paragraph or the use...

  2. 76 FR 31959 - Information Collection Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission Under Delegated...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-02

    ... safety communications equipment or other critical navigation or communication equipment operating between... addressed and may be presented in any legible font or text style. The simple warning label with a...

  3. 30 CFR 7.29 - Approval marking.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... MINING PRODUCTS TESTING BY APPLICANT OR THIRD PARTY Brattice Cloth and Ventilation Tubing § 7.29 Approval...-assigned color code. (b) Approved ventilation tubing shall be legibly and permanently marked on...

  4. 30 CFR 7.29 - Approval marking.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... MINING PRODUCTS TESTING BY APPLICANT OR THIRD PARTY Brattice Cloth and Ventilation Tubing § 7.29 Approval...-assigned color code. (b) Approved ventilation tubing shall be legibly and permanently marked on...

  5. 30 CFR 7.29 - Approval marking.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... MINING PRODUCTS TESTING BY APPLICANT OR THIRD PARTY Brattice Cloth and Ventilation Tubing § 7.29 Approval...-assigned color code. (b) Approved ventilation tubing shall be legibly and permanently marked on...

  6. 30 CFR 7.29 - Approval marking.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... MINING PRODUCTS TESTING BY APPLICANT OR THIRD PARTY Brattice Cloth and Ventilation Tubing § 7.29 Approval...-assigned color code. (b) Approved ventilation tubing shall be legibly and permanently marked on...

  7. 30 CFR 7.29 - Approval marking.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... MINING PRODUCTS TESTING BY APPLICANT OR THIRD PARTY Brattice Cloth and Ventilation Tubing § 7.29 Approval...-assigned color code. (b) Approved ventilation tubing shall be legibly and permanently marked on...

  8. 46 CFR 160.028-5 - Marking.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Signal Pistols for Red Flare Distress Signals § 160.028-5 Marking. (a) General. Each signal pistol shall be permanently and legibly marked with its serial...

  9. 40 CFR 59.615 - How must I label and identify the portable fuel containers I produce?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... COMPLIES WITH U.S. EPA EMISSION REGULATIONS FOR PORTABLE FUEL CONTAINERS (40 CFR Part 59).”. (5) This.... (b) Mold into or affix a legible label identifying each portable fuel container. The label must...

  10. 46 CFR 64.53 - Information plate for MPTs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... following information in legible letters 3/16 inch or more in height: (1) Owner's name. (2) Manufacturer's.... (9) Maximum net weight in long tons. (10) Maximum gross weight in long tons. (11) Percent ullage...

  11. 46 CFR 64.53 - Information plate for MPTs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... following information in legible letters 3/16 inch or more in height: (1) Owner's name. (2) Manufacturer's.... (9) Maximum net weight in long tons. (10) Maximum gross weight in long tons. (11) Percent ullage...

  12. 9 CFR 312.2 - Official marks and devices to identify inspected and passed products of cattle, sheep, swine, or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... and of such color as to be conspicuously displayed and readily legible and the same proportions of... Administrator. (c) Any brand, stamp, label, or other device approved by the Administrator and bearing...

  13. Evidence-Based Diagnosis and Treatment for Specific Learning Disabilities Involving Impairments in Written and/or Oral Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berninger, Virginia W.; May, Maggie O'Malley

    2011-01-01

    Programmatic, multidisciplinary research provided converging brain, genetic, and developmental support for evidence-based diagnoses of three specific learning disabilities based on hallmark phenotypes (behavioral expression of underlying genotypes) with treatment relevance: dysgraphia (impaired legible automatic letter writing, orthographic…

  14. 5 CFR 1201.154 - Time for filing appeal; closing record in cases involving grievance decisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... relevant citations of authority; and (4) Legible copies of the final grievance or arbitration decision, the... other employees excluded from the coverage of the federal labor-management relations laws at chapter...

  15. 26 CFR 1.166-2 - Evidence of worthlessness.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Supervision, 12 CFR 563.160(b)(3). (iii) Election—(A) In general. An election under this paragraph (d)(3) is... accounting.” The words “ELECTION UNDER § 1.166-2(d)(3)” must be typed or legibly printed at the top of the... OF § 1.166-2(d)(3) ELECTION” must be typed or legibly printed at the top of page 1 of the Form...

  16. 26 CFR 1.166-2 - Evidence of worthlessness.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Supervision, 12 CFR 563.160(b)(3). (iii) Election—(A) In general. An election under this paragraph (d)(3) is... accounting.” The words “ELECTION UNDER § 1.166-2(d)(3)” must be typed or legibly printed at the top of the... OF § 1.166-2(d)(3) ELECTION” must be typed or legibly printed at the top of page 1 of the Form...

  17. A simple stratification & storage system for samples and supplies.

    PubMed

    Lohiya, Sapna

    2006-03-01

    Expiration dates on drug samples are often cumbersome to check due to their poor legibility and variable location on the containers. Consequently, many samples remain unused past their expiration dates and must be discarded. Timely use of samples can be facilitated by legibly writing their expiration dates on the top surface of their containers, stratifying all samples by their expiration dates in chronologically labeled shelves and reviewing the stock monthly. This procedure should also be useful for other dated items. PMID:16573306

  18. Effect of a coteaching handwriting program for first graders: one-group pretest-posttest design.

    PubMed

    Case-Smith, Jane; Holland, Terri; Lane, Alison; White, Susan

    2012-01-01

    We examined the effects of a cotaught handwriting and writing program on first-grade students grouped by low, average, and high baseline legibility. The program's aim was to increase legibility, handwriting speed, writing fluency, and written expression in students with diverse learning needs. Thirty-six first-grade students in two classrooms participated in a 12-wk handwriting and writing program cotaught by teachers and an occupational therapist. Students were assessed at pretest, posttest, and 6-mo follow-up using the Evaluation Tool of Children's Handwriting-Manuscript (ETCH-M) and the Woodcock-Johnson Writing Fluency and Writing Samples tests. Students made large gains in ETCH-M legibility (η² = .74), speed (η²s = .52-.65), Writing Fluency (η² = .58), and Writing Samples (η² = .59). Students with initially low legibility improved most in legibility; progress on the other tests was similar across low-, average-, and high-performing groups. This program appeared to benefit first-grade students with diverse learning needs and to increase handwriting legibility and speed and writing fluency. PMID:22742687

  19. The role of school desk on the learning of graphic skills in early childhood education in Brazil.

    PubMed

    Gimenez, Roberto; do Nascimento Soares, Rafael; Ojeda, Victor Vedovelli; Makida-Dionísio, Cristiane; Manoel, Edison de J

    2016-01-01

    The role of two different layouts of school furniture was investigated in the pattern legibility and spatial-temporal parameters of a graphic skill acquisition. Thirty children from the first grade of elementary school (mean age = 6 years) practiced a graphic task according to a criterion figure. They were assigned to two groups, Group of Fixed School Desk (GF) and Group with Adjustable School Desk (GA). Each child practiced the task on a digital tablet for 25 trials. The software Movalyser 2.3 processed the data from which the following measures were obtained: pattern legibility, linear spatial error and speed of execution. Two expert teachers also judged legibility. Children in the GA showed more number of legible patterns, they were slower to complete the task but they were more accurate in its reproduction. The adjustable school desk facilitates the acquisition of legible graphic patterns. Since stable graphic skills are positively correlated to the production of creative texts, studies unraveling the role of school desks to facilitate handwriting and drawing skills will contribute ultimately children's literacy and overall educational development. PMID:27478737

  20. Effects of numbers of strokes on Chinese character recognition during a normal reading condition.

    PubMed

    Huang, Kuo-Chen; Hsu, Sheng-Hsiung

    2005-12-01

    Two experiments investigated recognition during a normal reading condition of Chinese characters which had varied numbers of strokes. In Exp. 1 the minimal legible character size necessary for attaining 95% recognition accuracy for various Chinese characters was empirically determined. The number of strokes comprising the characters ranged from 3 to 27. The results of a normal reading condition indicated that characters with more strokes had to be larger. In Exp. 2, recognition error rate and reading time measured in seconds were investigated for one Chinese character string composed of characters of minimally legible size versus conventional equal-size characters presented in a normal reading condition. Recognition error rates for the minimally legible size conditions were lower than those for the conventional size conditions. The reading times for the former were shorter. These results should provide a valuable reference for designing informational formats, literacy teaching, and the study of simplifying Chinese characters. PMID:16491688

  1. Effectiveness of the Size Matters Handwriting Program.

    PubMed

    Pfeiffer, Beth; Rai, Gillian; Murray, Tammy; Brusilovskiy, Eugene

    2015-04-01

    The purpose of the research was to study changes in handwriting legibility among kindergarten, first- and second-grade students in response to the Size Matters curricular-based handwriting program. A two-group pre-post-test design was implemented at two public schools with half of the classrooms assigned to receive the Size Matters program and the other continuing to receive standard instruction. All participants completed two standardized handwriting measures at pre-test and after 40 instructional sessions were completed with the classes receiving the handwriting program. Results identified significant changes in legibility in the handwriting intervention group for all three grades when compared with the standard instruction group. The results of this study support the use of a curricular-embedded handwriting program and provide the foundation for future research examining the impact of handwriting legibility on learning outcomes. PMID:26460474

  2. Universal and special keys based on phase-truncated Fourier transform

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qin, Wan; Peng, Xiang; Meng, Xiangfeng; Gao, Bruce

    2011-08-01

    We propose a novel optical asymmetric cryptosystem based on a phase-truncated Fourier transform. Two decryption keys independent of each other are generated. They are referred to as universal key and special key, respectively. Each of them can be used for decryption independently in absence of the other. The universal key is applicable to decrypt any ciphertext encoded by the same encryption key, but with poor legibility. On the contrary, the special key is adequate for legible decryption, but only valid for one ciphertext corresponding to the specified plaintext. A set of simulation results show the interesting performance of two types of decryption keys.

  3. Anesthesia Recordkeeping: Accuracy of Recall with Computerized and Manual Entry Recordkeeping

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Thomas Corey

    2011-01-01

    Introduction: Anesthesia information management systems are rapidly gaining widespread acceptance. Aggressively promoted as an improvement to manual-entry recordkeeping systems in the areas of accuracy, quality improvement, billing and vigilance, these systems record all patient vital signs and parameters, providing a legible hard copy and…

  4. 49 CFR 232.103 - General requirements for all train brake systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. You may obtain a copy of the incorporated document from...) The piston travel limits indicated on the stencil, sticker, or badge plate for the brake cylinder with... diameters) brake cylinders, all cars shall have a legible decal, stencil, or sticker affixed to the car...

  5. 49 CFR 232.103 - General requirements for all train brake systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. You may obtain a copy of the incorporated document from...) The piston travel limits indicated on the stencil, sticker, or badge plate for the brake cylinder with... diameters) brake cylinders, all cars shall have a legible decal, stencil, or sticker affixed to the car...

  6. 49 CFR 232.103 - General requirements for all train brake systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. You may obtain a copy of the incorporated document from...) The piston travel limits indicated on the stencil, sticker, or badge plate for the brake cylinder with... diameters) brake cylinders, all cars shall have a legible decal, stencil, or sticker affixed to the car...

  7. 49 CFR 232.103 - General requirements for all train brake systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. You may obtain a copy of the incorporated document from...) The piston travel limits indicated on the stencil, sticker, or badge plate for the brake cylinder with... diameters) brake cylinders, all cars shall have a legible decal, stencil, or sticker affixed to the car...

  8. 49 CFR 232.103 - General requirements for all train brake systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. You may obtain a copy of the incorporated document from...) The piston travel limits indicated on the stencil, sticker, or badge plate for the brake cylinder with... diameters) brake cylinders, all cars shall have a legible decal, stencil, or sticker affixed to the car...

  9. Teaching Left Handers the Write Stuff.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wasylyk, Thomas M.

    1989-01-01

    Suggests several strategies for producing fluent, legible penmanship for both left and right handed students. Observes that reading readiness skills can be reinforced through handwriting instruction. Describes several physical considerations for successful writing, and notes the modifications needed for left handed writers. (MM)

  10. Risk Management of Digital Information: A File Format Investigation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawrence, Gregory W.; Kehoe, William R.; Rieger, Oya Y.; Walters, William H.; Kenney, Anne R.

    Given the right hardware and software, digital information is easy to create, copy, and disseminate; however it is very hard to preserve. At present, it is impossible to guarantee the longevity and legibility of digital information for even one human generation. Migration can be defined as the periodic transfer of digital materials from one…

  11. 15 CFR 721.2 - Recordkeeping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... trading company required to submit a declaration, report, or advance notification under parts 712 through..., plant site or trading company to prepare such declaration, report, or advance notification to determine..., micrographic, automated archival storage, or other process that completely, accurately, legibly and...

  12. 15 CFR 721.2 - Recordkeeping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... trading company required to submit a declaration, report, or advance notification under parts 712 through..., plant site or trading company to prepare such declaration, report, or advance notification to determine..., micrographic, automated archival storage, or other process that completely, accurately, legibly and...

  13. 15 CFR 721.2 - Recordkeeping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... trading company required to submit a declaration, report, or advance notification under parts 712 through..., plant site or trading company to prepare such declaration, report, or advance notification to determine..., micrographic, automated archival storage, or other process that completely, accurately, legibly and...

  14. 15 CFR 721.2 - Recordkeeping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... trading company required to submit a declaration, report, or advance notification under parts 712 through..., plant site or trading company to prepare such declaration, report, or advance notification to determine..., micrographic, automated archival storage, or other process that completely, accurately, legibly and...

  15. 15 CFR 721.2 - Recordkeeping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... trading company required to submit a declaration, report, or advance notification under parts 712 through..., plant site or trading company to prepare such declaration, report, or advance notification to determine..., micrographic, automated archival storage, or other process that completely, accurately, legibly and...

  16. 36 CFR 14.54 - General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...-of-way and material sites under title 23, U.S.C., for lands under the jurisdiction of the National Park Service, together with four copies of a durable and legible map shall be filed by the appropriate...-way may be accurately located on the ground by any competent engineer or land surveyor. The map...

  17. 36 CFR 14.54 - General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...-of-way and material sites under title 23, U.S.C., for lands under the jurisdiction of the National Park Service, together with four copies of a durable and legible map shall be filed by the appropriate...-way may be accurately located on the ground by any competent engineer or land surveyor. The map...

  18. 36 CFR 14.54 - General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...-of-way and material sites under title 23, U.S.C., for lands under the jurisdiction of the National Park Service, together with four copies of a durable and legible map shall be filed by the appropriate...-way may be accurately located on the ground by any competent engineer or land surveyor. The map...

  19. 36 CFR 14.54 - General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...-of-way and material sites under title 23, U.S.C., for lands under the jurisdiction of the National Park Service, together with four copies of a durable and legible map shall be filed by the appropriate...-way may be accurately located on the ground by any competent engineer or land surveyor. The map...

  20. 40 CFR 90.114 - Requirement of certification-engine information label.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... information label. 90.114 Section 90.114 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED... information label. (a) The engine manufacturer must affix at the time of manufacture a permanent and legible... label must contain the following information: (1) The heading “Important Engine Information;” (2)...

  1. 40 CFR 90.114 - Requirement of certification-engine information label.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... information label. 90.114 Section 90.114 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED... information label. (a) The engine manufacturer must affix at the time of manufacture a permanent and legible... label must contain the following information: (1) The heading “Important Engine Information;” (2)...

  2. In Early Education, Why Teach Handwriting before Keyboarding?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stevenson, Nancy C.; Just, Carol

    2014-01-01

    Legible written communication is essential for students to share knowledge (Rogers and Case-Smith 2002). If students lack proficiency in written communication, their composition skills will suffer, which can affect their self-esteem and grades. Whether or not this proficiency is in handwriting or keyboarding is a question worthy of discussion. In…

  3. 10 CFR 37.101 - Form of records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Form of records. 37.101 Section 37.101 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION PHYSICAL PROTECTION OF CATEGORY 1 AND CATEGORY 2 QUANTITIES OF RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL Records § 37.101 Form of records. Each record required by this part must be legible throughout...

  4. 49 CFR 236.919 - Operations and Maintenance Manual.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... identify all software versions, revisions, and revision dates. Plans must be legible and correct. (c) Hardware, software, and firmware revisions must be documented in the Operations and Maintenance Manual... control measures specified in the PSP. (d) Safety-critical components, including spare equipment, must...

  5. 50 CFR 680.4 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... revoked, suspended, or modified pursuant to § 679.43 of this chapter or under 15 CFR part 904. To qualify... chapter or under 15 CFR part 904. (2) Each unit of Crab PQS initially issued under § 680.40 for the Bering... under 15 CFR part 904. (2) A legible copy of the crab IFQ permit must be carried on board the...

  6. 50 CFR 680.4 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... revoked, suspended, or modified pursuant to § 679.43 of this chapter or under 15 CFR part 904. To qualify... chapter or under 15 CFR part 904. (2) Each unit of Crab PQS initially issued under § 680.40 for the Bering... under 15 CFR part 904. (2) A legible copy of the crab IFQ permit must be carried on board the...

  7. 49 CFR 571.135 - Standard No. 135; Light vehicle brake systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... of brake fluid as specified in 49 CFR 571.116, e.g., “DOT 3.”) The lettering shall be: (a... (49 CFR 571.101) and this section, which shall be legible to the driver under all daytime and... similarly prepared as a part of the manufacturing process. S6.3.4. Adjustments and repairs....

  8. Visually Translating Educational Materials for Ethnic Populations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schiffman, Carole B.

    Growing populations of older adults, ethnic minorities, and the low-literate create unique concerns for the design of visual information. Those for whom text presents a barrier will respond most to legibility, use of familiar formats and symbols, and simplification. Guidelines for those processes are needed, and this paper, in particular,…

  9. 40 CFR 170.122 - Providing specific information about applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Providing specific information about... about applications. When workers are on an agricultural establishment and, within the last 30 days, a... information about the pesticide. (a) Location, accessibility, and legibility. The information shall...

  10. 38 CFR 1.554 - Requirements for making requests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... component. A list of FOIA contacts is available on the Internet. A legible return address must be included... to VA's FOIA home page on the Internet when making the request; available reference material includes VA's FOIA Reference Guide and the text of the FOIA. See § 1.552(a) for the pertinent Internet...

  11. 38 CFR 1.554 - Requirements for making requests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... component. A list of FOIA contacts is available on the Internet. A legible return address must be included... to VA's FOIA home page on the Internet when making the request; available reference material includes VA's FOIA Reference Guide and the text of the FOIA. See § 1.552(a) for the pertinent Internet...

  12. 38 CFR 1.554 - Requirements for making requests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... component. A list of FOIA contacts is available on the Internet. A legible return address must be included... to VA's FOIA home page on the Internet when making the request; available reference material includes VA's FOIA Reference Guide and the text of the FOIA. See § 1.552(a) for the pertinent Internet...

  13. Factors Affecting the Speed of Free Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ferrier, Jonathan; Horne, Joanna; Singleton, Chris

    2013-01-01

    Factors affecting the free writing speed of 11-year-old students were investigated using the Group and Individual Assessment of Handwriting Speed. Intelligence, gender, legibility and whether the student has special educational needs or speaks English as an additional language were all found to impact on writing speed to a significant extent. In…

  14. 25 CFR 542.19 - What are the minimum internal control standards for accounting?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... accounting? 542.19 Section 542.19 Indians NATIONAL INDIAN GAMING COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR HUMAN... accounting? (a) Each gaming operation shall prepare accurate, complete, legible, and permanent records of all... accounting records according to Generally Accepted Accounting Principles on a double-entry system...

  15. 25 CFR 542.19 - What are the minimum internal control standards for accounting?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... accounting? 542.19 Section 542.19 Indians NATIONAL INDIAN GAMING COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR HUMAN... accounting? (a) Each gaming operation shall prepare accurate, complete, legible, and permanent records of all... accounting records according to Generally Accepted Accounting Principles on a double-entry system...

  16. 30 CFR 7.90 - Approval marking.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... MINING PRODUCTS TESTING BY APPLICANT OR THIRD PARTY Diesel Engines Intended for Use in Underground Coal Mines § 7.90 Approval marking. Each approved diesel engine shall be identified by a legible and... diesel engine. The marking shall also contain the following information: (a) Ventilation rate. (b)...

  17. The Civil War: A Survey. Featuring Original Documents from the National Archives and Records Administration. Volume 6. Teaching with Primary Sources Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    West, Jean M., Ed.

    This unit of study (for grades 5-8 and up) about the U.S. Civil War features original documents from the National Archives and Records Administration. All the records used in the unit reflect the actions of the federal government or citizens' responses to these actions. These records were selected for their historical value, their legibility and…

  18. 50 CFR 680.4 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... revoked, suspended, or modified pursuant to § 679.43 of this chapter or under 15 CFR part 904. To qualify... chapter or under 15 CFR part 904. (2) Each unit of Crab PQS initially issued under § 680.40 for the Bering... under 15 CFR part 904. (2) A legible copy of the crab IFQ permit must be carried on board the...

  19. A Study of One and Two Room Schools in Kentucky. The Little Red School House in Kentucky.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kentucky State Dept. of Education, Frankfort. Bureau of Pupil Personnel Services.

    This study presents historical data describing the building and consolidating of 1 and 2 room schools in Kentucky from 1914 to 1969. The report consists of 4 sections: (1) brief history, (2) pictures, (3) newspaper clippings, and (4) maps. [Not available in hard copy due to marginal legibility of original document.] (TL)

  20. 31 CFR 515.803 - Customs procedures; merchandise specified in § 515.204.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... thereto) whether or not such merchandise has been imported into the United States, collectors of customs... presented to a collector of customs in accordance with this section, one additional legible copy of the... with the collector of customs at the port where the transaction is to take place. Each copy of any...

  1. Responsibility of Educational Institutions for Strategic Change

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rebolloso, Enrique; Fernandez-Ramirez, Baltasar; Canton, Pilar:

    2008-01-01

    The Spanish university is well into its nth reform process, this time for the purpose of improving its legibility for members of the European Union under the extended Bologna Process. The reform involves a structural change in plans of study, as well as a cultural change to the Europeanist discourse, which mixes mercantilist values and defence of…

  2. 49 CFR 172.315 - Packages containing limited quantities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... provided it is marked with the identification (ID) number, preceded by the letters “UN” or “NA,” as... accordance with the following: (a) The ID number marking must be durable, legible and of such a size relative... least 2 mm and the height of the ID number must be at least 6 mm. The marking must be applied on...

  3. 27 CFR 27.136 - Filing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... recordkeeping requirements (See 19 CFR part 163). (b) If an importer conducts wholesale operations, one legible copy of each required record of receipt and disposition shall be filed not later than one business day... information. (d) Supporting documents, such as consignors' invoices, delivery receipts, bills of lading,...

  4. 27 CFR 27.136 - Filing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... recordkeeping requirements (See 19 CFR part 163). (b) If an importer conducts wholesale operations, one legible copy of each required record of receipt and disposition shall be filed not later than one business day... information. (d) Supporting documents, such as consignors' invoices, delivery receipts, bills of lading,...

  5. Take the Pencil out of the Process

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Broun, Leslie

    2009-01-01

    In classrooms, it is not unusual to see students who struggle to produce legible print. In actuality, many students have difficulty with the physical printing and writing processes ("handwriting")--difficulty that is significant enough to interfere with their academic performance. Some students grow out of this, and some, with extra practice,…

  6. 37 CFR 3.25 - Recording requirements for trademark applications and registrations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... trademark applications and registrations. 3.25 Section 3.25 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED... ASSIGNEE Requirements for Recording § 3.25 Recording requirements for trademark applications and... registration, a legible cover sheet (see § 3.31) and one of the following must be submitted: (1) A copy of...

  7. 16 CFR 1204.5 - Manufacturer's instructions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... be included in the manufacturer's instructions, in addition to the material required by 16 CFR 1402.4... statement required by 16 CFR 1402.4(a)(1)(ii)(A). (c) This warning statement shall be legible and... SAFETY STANDARD FOR OMNIDIRECTIONAL CITIZENS BAND BASE STATION ANTENNAS The Standard §...

  8. 16 CFR 1204.5 - Manufacturer's instructions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... be included in the manufacturer's instructions, in addition to the material required by 16 CFR 1402.4... statement required by 16 CFR 1402.4(a)(1)(ii)(A). (c) This warning statement shall be legible and... SAFETY STANDARD FOR OMNIDIRECTIONAL CITIZENS BAND BASE STATION ANTENNAS The Standard §...

  9. 7 CFR 1728.201 - Bulletin 1728H-701, Specification for Wood Crossarms (Solid and Laminated), Transmission Timbers...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...) process. (2) These materials may be further conditioned by steaming, or by heating in hot oil (Douglas-fir... °F (3) A final steam or hot oil bath may be used only to meet cleanliness requirements of paragraph... paragraph (i) of this section. (k) Marks and brands. (1) All crossarms shall be legibly branded (hot...

  10. 7 CFR 1728.201 - Bulletin 1728H-701, Specification for Wood Crossarms (Solid and Laminated), Transmission Timbers...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...) process. (2) These materials may be further conditioned by steaming, or by heating in hot oil (Douglas-fir... (3) A final steam or hot oil bath may be used only to meet cleanliness requirements of paragraph (k... paragraph (i) of this section. (k) Marks and brands. (1) All crossarms shall be legibly branded (hot...

  11. 7 CFR 1728.201 - Bulletin 1728H-701, Specification for Wood Crossarms (Solid and Laminated), Transmission Timbers...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...) process. (2) These materials may be further conditioned by steaming, or by heating in hot oil (Douglas-fir... (3) A final steam or hot oil bath may be used only to meet cleanliness requirements of paragraph (k... paragraph (i) of this section. (k) Marks and brands. (1) All crossarms shall be legibly branded (hot...

  12. 46 CFR 122.604 - Lifesaving equipment markings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... float and buoyant apparatus. (b) Each life jacket, immersion suit, and ring life buoy must be marked in... vessel or company marked on it. For an immersion suit, the name of the person to whom the immersion suit... clearly legible letters and numbers on each container for life jackets and immersion suits....

  13. 7 CFR 97.5 - General requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... that seed of the variety shall be sold by variety name only, as a class of certified seed, need not be...) Applications and exhibits must be in the English language and legibly written, typed or printed. (ii) Any... country of which the applicant is a national, and an accurate English translation of such laws...

  14. 7 CFR 800.173 - Examinations and reexaminations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    .... Applicants for a license and individuals who are licensed to perform any or all official inspection or Class X or Class Y weighing services shall, at the discretion of the Service, submit to examinations or... prepare legible records in English. (2) Weighing. An individual may be found to be incompetent to...

  15. 7 CFR 97.5 - General requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... that seed of the variety shall be sold by variety name only, as a class of certified seed, need not be...) Applications and exhibits must be in the English language and legibly written, typed or printed. (ii) Any... country of which the applicant is a national, and an accurate English translation of such laws...

  16. 7 CFR 800.155 - Detailed work records-general requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...) Preparation. Detailed work records shall be prepared for each official inspection, Class X or Class Y weighing... standard forms prescribed in the instructions; (2) be typed or legibly written in English; (3) be concise... or Class X or Class Y weighing services, (3) monitoring and supervising activities under the Act,...

  17. 7 CFR 800.173 - Examinations and reexaminations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    .... Applicants for a license and individuals who are licensed to perform any or all official inspection or Class X or Class Y weighing services shall, at the discretion of the Service, submit to examinations or... prepare legible records in English. (2) Weighing. An individual may be found to be incompetent to...

  18. 7 CFR 800.155 - Detailed work records-general requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...) Preparation. Detailed work records shall be prepared for each official inspection, Class X or Class Y weighing... standard forms prescribed in the instructions; (2) be typed or legibly written in English; (3) be concise... or Class X or Class Y weighing services, (3) monitoring and supervising activities under the Act,...

  19. 7 CFR 800.155 - Detailed work records-general requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...) Preparation. Detailed work records shall be prepared for each official inspection, Class X or Class Y weighing... standard forms prescribed in the instructions; (2) be typed or legibly written in English; (3) be concise... or Class X or Class Y weighing services, (3) monitoring and supervising activities under the Act,...

  20. 39 CFR 955.1 - Jurisdiction, procedure, service of documents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ....gov/judicial. The Board's fax number is (703) 812-1901. (2) The Board consists of the Judicial Officer..., that a copy has been so furnished. The filing of a document by fax transmission occurs upon receipt by the Board of the entire legible submission by fax. The Board may determine not to extend a...

  1. 39 CFR 955.1 - Jurisdiction, procedure, service of documents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    .... The Board's fax number is (703) 812-1901. (2) The Board consists of the Judicial Officer as Chairman... so furnished. The filing of a document by fax transmission occurs upon receipt by the Board of the entire legible submission by fax. The Board may determine not to extend a deadline for filing if...

  2. 39 CFR 955.1 - Jurisdiction, procedure, service of documents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ....gov/judicial. The Board's fax number is (703) 812-1901. (2) The Board consists of the Judicial Officer..., that a copy has been so furnished. The filing of a document by fax transmission occurs upon receipt by the Board of the entire legible submission by fax. The Board may determine not to extend a...

  3. An Evaluative and Prescriptive Look at Graphics Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Soderston, Candace

    Graphics research history shows that some topics have been studied heavily while others have been almost entirely neglected. Furthermore, researchers have used many different methods of defining and measuring effects such as legibility and comprehension, and this, together with vagueness in reporting, makes it difficult to compare studies and draw…

  4. 47 CFR 63.53 - Form.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... shall not apply to official publications. All copies must be clearly legible. (b) Applications for... press, or printed. The foregoing shall not apply to official publications. All copies must be clearly... and any related pleadings that are in a foreign language shall be accompanied by a...

  5. 30 CFR 14.7 - Approval marking and distribution records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., EVALUATION, AND APPROVAL OF MINING PRODUCTS REQUIREMENTS FOR THE APPROVAL OF FLAME-RESISTANT CONVEYOR BELTS General Provisions § 14.7 Approval marking and distribution records. (a) An approved conveyor belt must be marketed only under the name specified in the approval. (b) Approved conveyor belt must be legibly...

  6. 30 CFR 14.7 - Approval marking and distribution records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ..., EVALUATION, AND APPROVAL OF MINING PRODUCTS REQUIREMENTS FOR THE APPROVAL OF FLAME-RESISTANT CONVEYOR BELTS General Provisions § 14.7 Approval marking and distribution records. (a) An approved conveyor belt must be marketed only under the name specified in the approval. (b) Approved conveyor belt must be legibly...

  7. EFFECT OF TIME OF TRANSITION FROM MANUSCRIPT TO CURSIVE WRITING UPON SUBSEQUENT PERFORMANCE IN HANDWRITING, SPELLING, AND READING.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    OTTO, WAYNE; RARICK, G. LAWRENCE

    THE RELATIONSHIP OF THE HANDWRITING, READING, AND SPELLING PERFORMANCE OF FOURTH- AND SIXTH-GRADE CHILDREN TO THE TRANSITION TIME FROM MANUSCRIPT TO CURSIVE WRITING WAS STUDIED. THE FOUR TRANSITION TIMES WERE EITHER THE FIRST OR SECOND SEMESTER IN GRADE 2 OR THE FIRST OR SECOND SEMESTER IN GRADE 3. HANDWRITING LEGIBILITY WAS MEASURED BY THE…

  8. 27 CFR 24.259 - Marks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Marks. 24.259 Section 24....259 Marks. (a) Required marks. Each container larger than four liters or each case used to remove wine... shipment. (b) Application of marks. Required marks may be cut, printed, or otherwise legibly and...

  9. 46 CFR 78.50-10 - Draft marks and draft indicating systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Draft marks and draft indicating systems. 78.50-10... OPERATIONS Markings on Vessels § 78.50-10 Draft marks and draft indicating systems. (a) All vessels must have draft marks plainly and legibly visible upon the stem and upon the sternpost or rudderpost or any...

  10. 46 CFR 97.40-10 - Draft marks and draft indicating systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Draft marks and draft indicating systems. 97.40-10... VESSELS OPERATIONS Markings on Vessels § 97.40-10 Draft marks and draft indicating systems. (a) All vessels must have draft marks plainly and legibly visible upon the stem and upon the sternpost...

  11. 46 CFR 167.55-1 - Draft marks and draft indicating systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Draft marks and draft indicating systems. 167.55-1... NAUTICAL SCHOOL SHIPS Special Markings Required § 167.55-1 Draft marks and draft indicating systems. (a) All vessels must have draft marks plainly and legibly visible upon the stem and upon the sternpost...

  12. 46 CFR 196.40-10 - Draft marks and draft indicating systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Draft marks and draft indicating systems. 196.40-10... VESSELS OPERATIONS Markings on Vessels § 196.40-10 Draft marks and draft indicating systems. (a) All vessels must have draft marks plainly and legibly visible upon the stem and upon the sternpost...

  13. 46 CFR 97.40-10 - Draft marks and draft indicating systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Draft marks and draft indicating systems. 97.40-10... VESSELS OPERATIONS Markings on Vessels § 97.40-10 Draft marks and draft indicating systems. (a) All vessels must have draft marks plainly and legibly visible upon the stem and upon the sternpost...

  14. 46 CFR 169.755 - Draft marks and draft indicating systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Draft marks and draft indicating systems. 169.755... SCHOOL VESSELS Vessel Control, Miscellaneous Systems, and Equipment Markings § 169.755 Draft marks and draft indicating systems. (a) All vessels must have draft marks plainly and legibly visible upon...

  15. 46 CFR 169.755 - Draft marks and draft indicating systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Draft marks and draft indicating systems. 169.755... SCHOOL VESSELS Vessel Control, Miscellaneous Systems, and Equipment Markings § 169.755 Draft marks and draft indicating systems. (a) All vessels must have draft marks plainly and legibly visible upon...

  16. 27 CFR 24.259 - Marks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Marks. 24.259 Section 24....259 Marks. (a) Required marks. Each container larger than four liters or each case used to remove wine... shipment. (b) Application of marks. Required marks may be cut, printed, or otherwise legibly and...

  17. 27 CFR 24.259 - Marks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Marks. 24.259 Section 24....259 Marks. (a) Required marks. Each container larger than four liters or each case used to remove wine... shipment. (b) Application of marks. Required marks may be cut, printed, or otherwise legibly and...

  18. 46 CFR 78.50-10 - Draft marks and draft indicating systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Draft marks and draft indicating systems. 78.50-10... OPERATIONS Markings on Vessels § 78.50-10 Draft marks and draft indicating systems. (a) All vessels must have draft marks plainly and legibly visible upon the stem and upon the sternpost or rudderpost or any...

  19. 46 CFR 97.40-10 - Draft marks and draft indicating systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Draft marks and draft indicating systems. 97.40-10... VESSELS OPERATIONS Markings on Vessels § 97.40-10 Draft marks and draft indicating systems. (a) All vessels must have draft marks plainly and legibly visible upon the stem and upon the sternpost...

  20. 46 CFR 196.40-10 - Draft marks and draft indicating systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Draft marks and draft indicating systems. 196.40-10... VESSELS OPERATIONS Markings on Vessels § 196.40-10 Draft marks and draft indicating systems. (a) All vessels must have draft marks plainly and legibly visible upon the stem and upon the sternpost...

  1. 46 CFR 97.40-10 - Draft marks and draft indicating systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Draft marks and draft indicating systems. 97.40-10... VESSELS OPERATIONS Markings on Vessels § 97.40-10 Draft marks and draft indicating systems. (a) All vessels must have draft marks plainly and legibly visible upon the stem and upon the sternpost...

  2. 46 CFR 169.755 - Draft marks and draft indicating systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Draft marks and draft indicating systems. 169.755... SCHOOL VESSELS Vessel Control, Miscellaneous Systems, and Equipment Markings § 169.755 Draft marks and draft indicating systems. (a) All vessels must have draft marks plainly and legibly visible upon...

  3. 27 CFR 24.259 - Marks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Marks. 24.259 Section 24....259 Marks. (a) Required marks. Each container larger than four liters or each case used to remove wine... shipment. (b) Application of marks. Required marks may be cut, printed, or otherwise legibly and...

  4. 46 CFR 196.40-10 - Draft marks and draft indicating systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Draft marks and draft indicating systems. 196.40-10... VESSELS OPERATIONS Markings on Vessels § 196.40-10 Draft marks and draft indicating systems. (a) All vessels must have draft marks plainly and legibly visible upon the stem and upon the sternpost...

  5. 46 CFR 167.55-1 - Draft marks and draft indicating systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Draft marks and draft indicating systems. 167.55-1... NAUTICAL SCHOOL SHIPS Special Markings Required § 167.55-1 Draft marks and draft indicating systems. (a) All vessels must have draft marks plainly and legibly visible upon the stem and upon the sternpost...

  6. 46 CFR 167.55-1 - Draft marks and draft indicating systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Draft marks and draft indicating systems. 167.55-1... NAUTICAL SCHOOL SHIPS Special Markings Required § 167.55-1 Draft marks and draft indicating systems. (a) All vessels must have draft marks plainly and legibly visible upon the stem and upon the sternpost...

  7. 46 CFR 196.40-10 - Draft marks and draft indicating systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Draft marks and draft indicating systems. 196.40-10... VESSELS OPERATIONS Markings on Vessels § 196.40-10 Draft marks and draft indicating systems. (a) All vessels must have draft marks plainly and legibly visible upon the stem and upon the sternpost...

  8. 19 CFR 134.43 - Methods of marking specific articles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY COUNTRY OF ORIGIN MARKING Method and Location of Marking Imported Articles § 134... instruments, scientific and laboratory instruments, pliers, pincers, nippers and hinged hand tools for holding... be marked by any reasonable method which is legible, conspicuous and permanent as otherwise...

  9. 19 CFR 134.43 - Methods of marking specific articles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY COUNTRY OF ORIGIN MARKING Method and Location of Marking Imported Articles § 134... instruments, scientific and laboratory instruments, pliers, pincers, nippers and hinged hand tools for holding... be marked by any reasonable method which is legible, conspicuous and permanent as otherwise...

  10. 27 CFR 16.22 - General requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGE HEALTH WARNING STATEMENT Health Warning Statement Requirements for Alcoholic Beverages § 16.22 General requirements. (a) Legibility. (1) All labels shall be so..., i.e., “GOVERNMENT WARNING,” shall appear in capital letters and in bold type. The remainder of...

  11. 27 CFR 16.22 - General requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ALCOHOL ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGE HEALTH WARNING STATEMENT Health Warning Statement Requirements for Alcoholic Beverages § 16.22 General requirements. (a) Legibility. (1) All labels shall be so..., i.e., “GOVERNMENT WARNING,” shall appear in capital letters and in bold type. The remainder of...

  12. 27 CFR 16.22 - General requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGE HEALTH WARNING STATEMENT Health Warning Statement Requirements for Alcoholic Beverages § 16.22 General requirements. (a) Legibility. (1) All labels shall be so..., i.e., “GOVERNMENT WARNING,” shall appear in capital letters and in bold type. The remainder of...

  13. 27 CFR 16.22 - General requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ALCOHOL ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGE HEALTH WARNING STATEMENT Health Warning Statement Requirements for Alcoholic Beverages § 16.22 General requirements. (a) Legibility. (1) All labels shall be so..., i.e., “GOVERNMENT WARNING,” shall appear in capital letters and in bold type. The remainder of...

  14. 27 CFR 16.22 - General requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGE HEALTH WARNING STATEMENT Health Warning Statement Requirements for Alcoholic Beverages § 16.22 General requirements. (a) Legibility. (1) All labels shall be so..., i.e., “GOVERNMENT WARNING,” shall appear in capital letters and in bold type. The remainder of...

  15. 14 CFR 45.11 - General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... destroyed in an accident. (c) For manned free balloons, the identification plate prescribed in paragraph (a) of this section must be secured to the balloon envelope and must be located, if practicable, where it is legible to the operator when the balloon is inflated. In addition, the basket and heater...

  16. 7 CFR 54.1018 - Form of official identification and approval for use.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Form of official identification and approval for use... symbol is recommended to be at least 3/4 inch by 3/4 inch in size. Symbols which are smaller in size will be considered provided they are sufficiently large to be identifiable and legible. (d) The...

  17. 7 CFR 91.25 - Certificate requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Certificate requirements. 91.25 Section 91.25... handwritten in ink and shall be clearly legible; (d) Shall show the results of laboratory tests in a uniform... requirements: (a) Certificates of analysis shall be on standard printed forms approved by the...

  18. 21 CFR 801.437 - User labeling for devices that contain natural rubber.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ..., or by converting the sheets into a solution for dipping. (3) The term “contacts humans” means that... paragraphs (d) through (h) of this section. Each required labeling statement shall be prominently and legibly.... 352(c)). (d) Devices containing natural rubber latex that contacts humans, as described in...

  19. 33 CFR 20.303 - Form and content of filed documents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... typewritten, printed, or otherwise reproduced by a process that yields legible and permanent copies; (3) Be... assigned; (3) Designate the type of filing (for instance: petition, notice, or motion to dismiss); (4... statements made in it are true; and that she or he does not intend it to cause delay. (d) Complaints,...

  20. 7 CFR 91.25 - Certificate requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certificate requirements. 91.25 Section 91.25... handwritten in ink and shall be clearly legible; (d) Shall show the results of laboratory tests in a uniform... requirements: (a) Certificates of analysis shall be on standard printed forms approved by the...

  1. 7 CFR 97.5 - General requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...) Applications and exhibits must be in the English language and legibly written, typed or printed. (ii) Any... country of which the applicant is a national, and an accurate English translation of such laws and... in the files of the Plant Variety Protection Office. Applicants may learn whether such a request...

  2. 33 CFR 159.315 - Sewage and graywater discharge record book.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Sewage and graywater discharge... by Cruise Vessel Operations § 159.315 Sewage and graywater discharge record book. (a) While operating in the applicable waters of Alaska each cruise vessel shall maintain, in English, a legible...

  3. 33 CFR 159.315 - Sewage and graywater discharge record book.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Sewage and graywater discharge... by Cruise Vessel Operations § 159.315 Sewage and graywater discharge record book. (a) While operating in the applicable waters of Alaska each cruise vessel shall maintain, in English, a legible...

  4. 33 CFR 159.315 - Sewage and graywater discharge record book.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Sewage and graywater discharge... by Cruise Vessel Operations § 159.315 Sewage and graywater discharge record book. (a) While operating in the applicable waters of Alaska each cruise vessel shall maintain, in English, a legible...

  5. 33 CFR 159.315 - Sewage and graywater discharge record book.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Sewage and graywater discharge... by Cruise Vessel Operations § 159.315 Sewage and graywater discharge record book. (a) While operating in the applicable waters of Alaska each cruise vessel shall maintain, in English, a legible...

  6. 7 CFR 1221.226 - Certification and voting procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SORGHUM... production or importation of sorghum during the representative period. The person must legibly place his or... of sorghum during the representative period; (ii) The person voting on behalf of a corporation...

  7. 7 CFR 1221.226 - Certification and voting procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SORGHUM... production or importation of sorghum during the representative period. The person must legibly place his or... of sorghum during the representative period; (ii) The person voting on behalf of a corporation...

  8. 7 CFR 1221.226 - Certification and voting procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SORGHUM... production or importation of sorghum during the representative period. The person must legibly place his or... of sorghum during the representative period; (ii) The person voting on behalf of a corporation...

  9. 7 CFR 1221.226 - Certification and voting procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SORGHUM... production or importation of sorghum during the representative period. The person must legibly place his or... of sorghum during the representative period; (ii) The person voting on behalf of a corporation...

  10. Word Processing Programs and Weaker Writers/Readers: A Meta-Analysis of Research Findings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morphy, Paul; Graham, Steve

    2012-01-01

    Since its advent word processing has become a common writing tool, providing potential advantages over writing by hand. Word processors permit easy revision, produce legible characters quickly, and may provide additional supports (e.g., spellcheckers, speech recognition). Such advantages should remedy common difficulties among weaker…

  11. 48 CFR 752.247-70 - Preference for privately owned U.S.-flag commercial vessels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... under P.L. 480 financed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, that may be transported in ocean vessels..., depending on current compliance with Cargo Preference requirements. If freight under the contract is fixed... legible copy of a rated on-board ocean bill of lading for each shipment to both the Division of...

  12. 48 CFR 752.247-70 - Preference for privately owned U.S.-flag commercial vessels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... under P.L. 480 financed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, that may be transported in ocean vessels..., depending on current compliance with Cargo Preference requirements. If freight under the contract is fixed... legible copy of a rated on-board ocean bill of lading for each shipment to both the Division of...

  13. 50 CFR 665.246 - Gear identification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Gear identification. 665.246 Section 665.246 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC... Gear identification. In Permit Area 1, the vessel's official number must be marked legibly on all...

  14. A Cursive Handwriting Skills Program for LD Students To Be Used by Regular and LD Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McMillan, Ida L.

    Many learning disabled students attending Avocado Elementary School in Homestead, Florida, were unable to write legibly when taught with available cursive handwriting programs. To redress the problem, a complete, sequential cursive handwriting program was devised for use with learning disabled and other students. The program combined tracing and…

  15. 40 CFR 88.305-94 - Clean-fuel fleet vehicle labeling requirements for heavy-duty vehicles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... clean-fuel fleet vehicles not regulated under 40 CFR part 86 shall have a permanent legible label...-duty engines and vehicles used as LEVs, ULEVs, and ZEVs that are also regulated under 40 CFR part 86 shall comply with the labeling requirements of 40 CFR 86.095-35 (or later applicable sections),...

  16. Game Design as Textual Poaching: Media Literacy, Creativity and Game-Making

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pelletier, Caroline; Burn, Andrew; Buckingham, David

    2010-01-01

    This article addresses practices of textual appropriation in computer games made by young people. By focusing on how young people's production work makes reference to popular media texts, it examines the basis on which such work claims to be legible as a game text: how it claims to be literate in the context of an after-school game-making club.…

  17. 33 CFR 173.27 - Numbers: Display; size; color.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Numbers: Display; size; color...: Display; size; color. (a) Each number required by § 173.15 must: (1) Be painted on or permanently attached...; (3) Contrast with the color of the background and be distinctly visible and legible; (4) Have...

  18. 33 CFR 173.27 - Numbers: Display; size; color.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Numbers: Display; size; color...: Display; size; color. (a) Each number required by § 173.15 must: (1) Be painted on or permanently attached...; (3) Contrast with the color of the background and be distinctly visible and legible; (4) Have...

  19. 46 CFR 160.054-4 - Contents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    1997-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 6 1997-10-01 1997-10-01 false Contents. 160.054-4 Section 160.054-4 EQUIPMENT... Liferafts § 160.054-4 Contents. (a) Individual cartons. Cartons and their contents shall be the type...) Instructions. Instructions for the use of the contents of the first-aid kit shall be printed in legible...

  20. 27 CFR 20.147 - Labels on consumer-size containers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... distributor shall bear a label showing, in plain, legible letters, the following: (1) The words “Completely... information (except that required by State or Federal law) may be shown on the label without the appropriate TTB officer's approval. The word “pure”, qualifying denatured alcohol may not appear on the label...

  1. 27 CFR 20.147 - Labels on consumer-size containers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... distributor shall bear a label showing, in plain, legible letters, the following: (1) The words “Completely... information (except that required by State or Federal law) may be shown on the label without the appropriate TTB officer's approval. The word “pure”, qualifying denatured alcohol may not appear on the label...

  2. 27 CFR 20.147 - Labels on consumer-size containers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... distributor shall bear a label showing, in plain, legible letters, the following: (1) The words “Completely... information (except that required by State or Federal law) may be shown on the label without the appropriate TTB officer's approval. The word “pure”, qualifying denatured alcohol may not appear on the label...

  3. 27 CFR 20.147 - Labels on consumer-size containers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... distributor shall bear a label showing, in plain, legible letters, the following: (1) The words “Completely... information (except that required by State or Federal law) may be shown on the label without the appropriate TTB officer's approval. The word “pure”, qualifying denatured alcohol may not appear on the label...

  4. 27 CFR 20.147 - Labels on consumer-size containers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... distributor shall bear a label showing, in plain, legible letters, the following: (1) The words “Completely... information (except that required by State or Federal law) may be shown on the label without the appropriate TTB officer's approval. The word “pure”, qualifying denatured alcohol may not appear on the label...

  5. 7 CFR 275.21 - Quality control review reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE FOOD STAMP AND FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM PERFORMANCE REPORTING SYSTEM Responsibilities for... with Program requirements relative to the Quality Control Review System. Every case selected for review... information contained in the individual case records, or legible copies of that material, as well as...

  6. 33 CFR 159.55 - Identification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... without loss of legibility the combined effects of normal wear and tear and exposure to water, salt spray, direct sunlight, heat, cold, and any substance listed in § 159.117(b) and (c). The nameplate and... information stamped on the nameplate or the device without leaving some obvious evidence of the...

  7. 33 CFR 159.55 - Identification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... without loss of legibility the combined effects of normal wear and tear and exposure to water, salt spray, direct sunlight, heat, cold, and any substance listed in § 159.117(b) and (c). The nameplate and... information stamped on the nameplate or the device without leaving some obvious evidence of the...

  8. 46 CFR 122.604 - Lifesaving equipment markings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... float and buoyant apparatus. (b) Each life jacket, immersion suit, and ring life buoy must be marked in clearly legible block capital letters with the vessel's name. The marking is not required on a life jacket carried to meet a temporary need for additional life jackets, if the life jacket has the name of...

  9. 76 FR 13703 - New Origin Entry Separation & Containerization Standards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-14

    ... FR 72216-72231). In May 2009, the Postal Service began transforming its distribution network by... separate the remaining mail (or residue from a PVDS mailing) as follows: Standard Mail and Package Services... USPS) ensure legibility. c. Intelligent Mail tray labels are subject to the standards in 708.6.5 and...

  10. 16 CFR 307.6 - Requirements for disclosure on the label.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ..., the front of the pouch is the face panel upon which the warning is printed Rectangular box of snuff... deemed to be conspicuous and legible. 1 and 1/2 ounce snuff can—Seven point type 2 to 4 ounce pouch...

  11. 49 CFR 571.135 - Standard No. 135; Light vehicle brake systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... of brake fluid as specified in 49 CFR 571.116, e.g., “DOT 3.”) The lettering shall be: (a... (49 CFR 571.101) and this section, which shall be legible to the driver under all daytime and... obtain three valid runs. Only the first three valid runs obtained shall be used for data...

  12. Instructional Note: "E" for "Ease" in E-Grading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ryan-Thompson, Lin A.

    2005-01-01

    Grading essays and research papers can be the most trying part of any writing instructor's job. Fitting corrections, suggestions, and notes between double-spaced lines of text and into margins often creates a legibility problem, which only worsens when grading stacks of papers to meet deadlines. This essay describes electronic grading, a method…

  13. The Design of Tactile Thematic Symbols

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawrence, Megan M.; Lobben, Amy K.

    2011-01-01

    The study reported here investigated the design and legibility of tactile thematic maps, focusing on symbolization and the comprehension of spatial patterns on the maps. The results indicate that discriminable and effective tactile thematic maps can be produced using classed data with a microcapsule paper production method. The participants…

  14. Learning Outcomes Afforded by Self-Assessed, Segmented Video-Print Combinations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koumi, Jack

    2015-01-01

    Learning affordances of video and print are examined in order to assess the learning outcomes afforded by hybrid video-print learning packages. The affordances discussed for print are: navigability, surveyability and legibility. Those discussed for video are: design for constructive reflection, provision of realistic experiences, presentational…

  15. Middle School Pupil Writing and the Word Processor.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ediger, Marlow

    Pupils in middle schools should have ample opportunities to write with the use of word processors. Legible writing in longhand will always be necessary in selected situations but, nevertheless, much drudgery is taken care of when using a word processor. Word processors tend to be very user friendly in that few mechanical skills are needed by the…

  16. 38 CFR 1.559 - Appeals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... FOIA home page on the Internet. See § 1.552(a) for the pertinent Internet address. A legible return...-mail FOIA appeals are available on VA's FOIA home page. See § 1.552(a) for the pertinent Internet... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Appeals. 1.559 Section...

  17. 38 CFR 1.559 - Appeals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... FOIA home page on the Internet. See § 1.552(a) for the pertinent Internet address. A legible return...-mail FOIA appeals are available on VA's FOIA home page. See § 1.552(a) for the pertinent Internet... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Appeals. 1.559 Section...

  18. 26 CFR 1.166-2 - Evidence of worthlessness.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Supervision, 12 CFR 563.160(b)(3). (iii) Election—(A) In general. An election under this paragraph (d)(3) is... statement or page 1 of the Form 3115. (2) First election. The first time a bank makes this election, the... legibly printed at the top of page 1 of the Form 3115. If the year of revocation is a year for which...

  19. 38 CFR 1.559 - Appeals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... FOIA home page on the Internet. See § 1.552(a) for the pertinent Internet address. A legible return...-mail FOIA appeals are available on VA's FOIA home page. See § 1.552(a) for the pertinent Internet... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Appeals. 1.559 Section...

  20. 26 CFR 1.166-2 - Evidence of worthlessness.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Supervision, 12 CFR 563.160(b)(3). (iii) Election—(A) In general. An election under this paragraph (d)(3) is... statement or page 1 of the Form 3115. (2) First election. The first time a bank makes this election, the... legibly printed at the top of page 1 of the Form 3115. If the year of revocation is a year for which...

  1. 33 CFR 173.27 - Numbers: Display; size; color.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Numbers: Display; size; color...: Display; size; color. (a) Each number required by § 173.15 must: (1) Be painted on or permanently attached...; (3) Contrast with the color of the background and be distinctly visible and legible; (4) Have...

  2. 33 CFR 173.27 - Numbers: Display; size; color.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Numbers: Display; size; color...: Display; size; color. (a) Each number required by § 173.15 must: (1) Be painted on or permanently attached...; (3) Contrast with the color of the background and be distinctly visible and legible; (4) Have...

  3. 33 CFR 173.27 - Numbers: Display; size; color.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Numbers: Display; size; color...: Display; size; color. (a) Each number required by § 173.15 must: (1) Be painted on or permanently attached...; (3) Contrast with the color of the background and be distinctly visible and legible; (4) Have...

  4. 37 CFR 201.39 - Notice to Libraries and Archives of Normal Commercial Exploitation or Availability at Reasonable...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... English (except for an original title, which may be in another language), typed or printed legibly in dark..., article in a periodical, painting, sculpture, sound recording, etc.); (6) The edition, if any (e.g., first... periodical, painting, sculpture, sound recording, etc.): 4. Edition, if any (e.g., first edition,...

  5. Understanding User Resistance to Information Technology: Toward a Comprehensive Model in Health Information Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ngafeeson, Madison N.

    2013-01-01

    The successful implementation of health information systems is expected to increase legibility, reduce medical errors, boost the quality of healthcare and shrink costs. Yet, evidence points to the fact that healthcare professionals resist the full use of these systems. Physicians and nurses have been reported to resist the system. Even though…

  6. 77 FR 27092 - Petitions for Modification of Application of Existing Mandatory Safety Standards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-08

    ... petitioner proposes to use up-to-date, practical, and accurate technology in the preparation of mine maps to... these circuit breakers will have permanent, legible labels. The calibration, sealing, and labeling will... calibration, sealing, and labeling will be performed by the manufacturer or at a repair facility...

  7. 49 CFR 571.135 - Standard No. 135; Light vehicle brake systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... of brake fluid as specified in 49 CFR 571.116, e.g., “DOT 3.”) The lettering shall be: (a... (49 CFR 571.101) and this section, which shall be legible to the driver under all daytime and... power source failure. Brake factor means the slope of the linear least squares regression equation...

  8. 47 CFR 5.121 - Station record requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Station record requirements. 5.121 Section 5... Standards and Operating Requirements § 5.121 Station record requirements. (a) For conventional, program... a clearly legible photocopy for each station shall be retained as a permanent part of the...

  9. 47 CFR 5.121 - Station record requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Station record requirements. 5.121 Section 5... Standards and Operating Requirements § 5.121 Station record requirements. (a) For conventional, program... a clearly legible photocopy for each station shall be retained as a permanent part of the...

  10. 14 CFR 21.607 - General rules governing holders of TSO authorizations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT CERTIFICATION PROCEDURES FOR PRODUCTS AND PARTS Technical Standard Order Authorizations..., for each model of each article for which a TSO authorization has been issued, a current file of complete technical data and records in accordance with § 21.613; and (d) Permanently and legibly mark...

  11. Presentable Slides: A Practical Approach for Amateur Draftsmen.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seel, D. C.

    1984-01-01

    To contribute usefully to a lecture, slides containing tabulated or diagrammatic textual information need to be simple and legible. Such slides can be made by following a few straightforward rules and techniques. Several of these rules and techniques are provided. (JN)

  12. A Fragile Rock

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blackwood, Kendrick

    2006-01-01

    In this article, the author profiles Norma Jean Taylor, a teacher who is suffering from an incurable degenerative disease. She can no longer walk, or even write legibly. But with help from students and colleagues, she remains a cornerstone of her school. The disease has not yet taken her love of teaching, though it has forced her to radically…

  13. 46 CFR 122.608 - Fuel shutoff valves.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Fuel shutoff valves. 122.608 Section 122.608 Shipping....608 Fuel shutoff valves. Remote fuel shutoff stations must be marked in clearly legible letters at least 25 millimeters (1 inch) high indicating purpose of the valve and direction of operations....

  14. 46 CFR 185.608 - Fuel shutoff valves.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Fuel shutoff valves. 185.608 Section 185.608 Shipping...) OPERATIONS Markings Required § 185.608 Fuel shutoff valves. Remote fuel shutoff stations must be marked in clearly legible letters at least 25 millimeters (1 inch) high indicating purpose of the valve...

  15. 46 CFR 122.608 - Fuel shutoff valves.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Fuel shutoff valves. 122.608 Section 122.608 Shipping....608 Fuel shutoff valves. Remote fuel shutoff stations must be marked in clearly legible letters at least 25 millimeters (1 inch) high indicating purpose of the valve and direction of operations....

  16. A Case Study of Giftedness and Specific Learning Disabilities: Bridging the Two Exceptionalities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wormald, Catherine; Rogers, Karen B.; Vialle, Wilma

    2015-01-01

    Despite being unable to dress himself, sit still on a chair, or write a legible sentence, Scott was, from a very early age, able to build whole cities from construction blocks, able to complete complex puzzles, and verbally precocious. Even with his disabilities and their contrast with his academic talent, he completed K-12 school and went on to…

  17. 12 CFR 5.51 - Changes in directors and senior executive officers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... CFR part 3, or is otherwise in troubled condition; or (2) The OCC determines, in connection with the... conviction by a state or Federal court; and (iv) Legible fingerprints of the person, except that fingerprints....C. 1831i, or this section and has previously submitted fingerprints. (3) Requests for...

  18. 16 CFR 303.41 - Use of fiber trademarks and generic names in advertising.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... the Act and regulations in at least one instance in the advertisement. (b) Where a fiber trademark is... legible and conspicuous type or lettering at least once in the advertisement. (d) Where a fiber trademark..., or to indicate, directly or indirectly, that a textile fiber product is composed wholly or in part...

  19. Effects of Irrelevant Colors on Reading of Color Names: A Controlled Replication of the "Reversed-Stroop" Effect. Progress Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dyer, Frederick N.; Severance, Laurence J.

    Gumenik and Glass (1970) claimed to have shown a reversed form of Stroop interference in which implicit naming responses to irrelevant colors delay the reading of color words combined with the colors. In their study, a legibility reduction that did not affect color visibility was interpreted as increasing this interference from color-naming to the…

  20. 46 CFR 122.608 - Fuel shutoff valves.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fuel shutoff valves. 122.608 Section 122.608 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) SMALL PASSENGER VESSELS CARRYING MORE THAN 150....608 Fuel shutoff valves. Remote fuel shutoff stations must be marked in clearly legible letters...

  1. 14 CFR 217.10 - Instructions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Section 217.10 of 14 CFR Part 217—Instructions to Foreign Air Carriers for Reporting Traffic Data on Form... single set of legible Form 41 Schedule T-100(f) data and certification shall be submitted. (6) Foreign... single foreign intermediate point and two U.S. points after its homeland origination. The information...

  2. Working Memory Capacity and Disfluency Effect: An Aptitude-Treatment-Interaction Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lehmann, Janina; Goussios, Christina; Seufert, Tina

    2016-01-01

    According to Cognitive Load Theory, learning material should be designed in a way to decrease unnecessary demands on working memory (WM). However, recent research has shown that additional demands on WM caused by less legible texts lead to better learning outcomes. This so-called disfluency effect can be assumed as a metacognitive regulation…

  3. The Graphic Information Research Unit: Background and Recent Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reynolds, Linda

    1979-01-01

    Discusses projects of the Graphic Information Research Unit at the Royal College of Art (England), which relates to the legibility of scientific and technical information. Summarizes the Unit's survey of problems in providing adequate guiding in libraries and museums, and reports two studies of Computer Output Microfilm library catalogues. (GT)

  4. 30 CFR 7.90 - Approval marking.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... MINING PRODUCTS TESTING BY APPLICANT OR THIRD PARTY Diesel Engines Intended for Use in Underground Coal Mines § 7.90 Approval marking. Each approved diesel engine shall be identified by a legible and... diesel engine. The marking shall also contain the following information: (a) Ventilation rate. (b)...

  5. 30 CFR 7.90 - Approval marking.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... MINING PRODUCTS TESTING BY APPLICANT OR THIRD PARTY Diesel Engines Intended for Use in Underground Coal Mines § 7.90 Approval marking. Each approved diesel engine shall be identified by a legible and... diesel engine. The marking shall also contain the following information: (a) Ventilation rate. (b)...

  6. 30 CFR 7.90 - Approval marking.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... MINING PRODUCTS TESTING BY APPLICANT OR THIRD PARTY Diesel Engines Intended for Use in Underground Coal Mines § 7.90 Approval marking. Each approved diesel engine shall be identified by a legible and... diesel engine. The marking shall also contain the following information: (a) Ventilation rate. (b)...

  7. 30 CFR 7.90 - Approval marking.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... MINING PRODUCTS TESTING BY APPLICANT OR THIRD PARTY Diesel Engines Intended for Use in Underground Coal Mines § 7.90 Approval marking. Each approved diesel engine shall be identified by a legible and... diesel engine. The marking shall also contain the following information: (a) Ventilation rate. (b)...

  8. Celluloid Marginalization: Pedagogical Strategies for Increasing Students' Critical Thought through the Multiple (Re)Readings of Trans* Subjectivities in Film

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nicolazzo, Z.

    2014-01-01

    Critically analyzing films allows for the interrogation of how such binaries as normal/abnormal, good/bad, and moral/immoral are culturally (re)inscribed, who sets the boundaries of what is deemed socially legible, and who gets to decide where these boundaries are set. This article utilizes critical discourse analysis to explore the transgender…

  9. 46 CFR 122.608 - Fuel shutoff valves.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Fuel shutoff valves. 122.608 Section 122.608 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) SMALL PASSENGER VESSELS CARRYING MORE THAN 150....608 Fuel shutoff valves. Remote fuel shutoff stations must be marked in clearly legible letters...

  10. 46 CFR 122.608 - Fuel shutoff valves.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Fuel shutoff valves. 122.608 Section 122.608 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) SMALL PASSENGER VESSELS CARRYING MORE THAN 150....608 Fuel shutoff valves. Remote fuel shutoff stations must be marked in clearly legible letters...

  11. Test-Taking Strategies. Research Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker, Karen

    2010-01-01

    Much has been written about student preparation for standardized tests such as: get enough sleep, do not eat sugary food or drinks, eat a well-balanced meal, wear comfortable clothing, bring appropriate supplies especially extra #2 pencils, answer every question, write neatly and legibly, deduce wrong answers immediately and use all of the time…

  12. 78 FR 22523 - Meeting of the Uniform Formulary Beneficiary Advisory Panel

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-16

    ... Agents b. Pulmonary--2 Agents: COPD c. Anticoagulants d. Designated Newly Approved Drugs in Already... first 220 people signing-in. All persons must sign-in legibly. Administrative Work Meeting: Prior to the public meeting, the Panel will conduct an Administrative Work Meeting from 7:30 a.m. to 9:00 a.m....

  13. 78 FR 9037 - Meeting of the Uniform Formulary Beneficiary Advisory Panel

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-07

    ... will follow each agenda item) a. Topical Pain Agents b. Pulmonary--2 Agents: COPD c. Anticoagulants d... legibly. Administrative Work Meeting: Prior to the public meeting, the Panel will conduct an Administrative Work Meeting from 7:30 a.m. to 9:00 a.m. to discuss administrative matters of the Panel....

  14. 78 FR 74120 - Meeting of the Uniform Formulary Beneficiary Advisory Panel

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-10

    ... follow each agenda item) a. Pulmonary Agent-1 1. Combinations 2. Short Actions Beta Agonists b... people signing-in. All persons must sign-in legibly. Administrative Work Meeting: Prior to the public meeting, the Panel will conduct an Administrative Work Meeting from 8:00 a.m. to 9:00 a.m. to...

  15. 78 FR 33074 - Meeting of the Uniform Formulary Beneficiary Advisory Panel

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-03

    .... Pulmonary--2 Agents: COPD c. Tobacco Cessation Agents d. Pulmonary--2 Agents e. Designated Newly Approved.... All persons must sign-in legibly. Administrative Work Meeting: Prior to the public meeting, the Panel will conduct an Administrative Work Meeting from 7:30 a.m. to 9:00 a.m. to discuss...

  16. The Design of Printed Instructional Materials: Research on Illustrations and Typography.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Thomas C.; And Others

    Intended for use by both producers and evaluators of textbooks and other print instructional materials, this review of the literature focuses on the effectiveness of illustrations for motivation and for learning, and such typographical variables as readibality, legibility, standard typographical conventions, and format and layout. Areas examined…

  17. 46 CFR 160.031-6 - Marking.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Line-Throwing Appliance, Shoulder Gun Type (and Equipment) § 160.031-6 Marking. (a) Gun. The gun shall be permanently and legibly marked on the barrel with the manufacturer's model or type designation of the gun, the serial number for the gun, the official Coast...

  18. 46 CFR 160.031-6 - Marking.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Line-Throwing Appliance, Shoulder Gun Type (and Equipment) § 160.031-6 Marking. (a) Gun. The gun shall be permanently and legibly marked on the barrel with the manufacturer's model or type designation of the gun, the serial number for the gun, the official Coast...

  19. 46 CFR 160.031-6 - Marking.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Line-Throwing Appliance, Shoulder Gun Type (and Equipment) § 160.031-6 Marking. (a) Gun. The gun shall be permanently and legibly marked on the barrel with the manufacturer's model or type designation of the gun, the serial number for the gun, the official Coast...

  20. 46 CFR 160.031-6 - Marking.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Line-Throwing Appliance, Shoulder Gun Type (and Equipment) § 160.031-6 Marking. (a) Gun. The gun shall be permanently and legibly marked on the barrel with the manufacturer's model or type designation of the gun, the serial number for the gun, the official Coast...

  1. 46 CFR 160.031-6 - Marking.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Line-Throwing Appliance, Shoulder Gun Type (and Equipment) § 160.031-6 Marking. (a) Gun. The gun shall be permanently and legibly marked on the barrel with the manufacturer's model or type designation of the gun, the serial number for the gun, the official Coast...

  2. 16 CFR 1205.35 - Product certification and labeling by manufacturers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... manufacturers. 1205.35 Section 1205.35 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR WALK-BEHIND POWER LAWN MOWERS Certification § 1205.35 Product... shall clearly and legibly contain the following information: (1) The statement “Meets CPSC blade...

  3. 16 CFR 1205.35 - Product certification and labeling by manufacturers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... manufacturers. 1205.35 Section 1205.35 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR WALK-BEHIND POWER LAWN MOWERS Certification § 1205.35 Product... shall clearly and legibly contain the following information: (1) The statement “Meets CPSC blade...

  4. 16 CFR 1205.35 - Product certification and labeling by manufacturers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... manufacturers. 1205.35 Section 1205.35 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR WALK-BEHIND POWER LAWN MOWERS Certification § 1205.35 Product... shall clearly and legibly contain the following information: (1) The statement “Meets CPSC blade...

  5. 16 CFR 1205.35 - Product certification and labeling by manufacturers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... manufacturers. 1205.35 Section 1205.35 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR WALK-BEHIND POWER LAWN MOWERS Certification § 1205.35 Product... shall clearly and legibly contain the following information: (1) The statement “Meets CPSC blade...

  6. 16 CFR 1205.35 - Product certification and labeling by manufacturers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... manufacturers. 1205.35 Section 1205.35 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR WALK-BEHIND POWER LAWN MOWERS Certification § 1205.35 Product... shall clearly and legibly contain the following information: (1) The statement “Meets CPSC blade...

  7. 20 CFR 405.333 - Submitting documents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL... digits of the claimant's social security number. All such documents must be clear and legible to the... that he or she prescribes. Documents that are typewritten or produced with word processing...

  8. 20 CFR 405.333 - Submitting documents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL... digits of the claimant's social security number. All such documents must be clear and legible to the... that he or she prescribes. Documents that are typewritten or produced with word processing...

  9. 20 CFR 405.333 - Submitting documents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL... digits of the claimant's social security number. All such documents must be clear and legible to the... that he or she prescribes. Documents that are typewritten or produced with word processing...

  10. 20 CFR 405.333 - Submitting documents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL... digits of the claimant's social security number. All such documents must be clear and legible to the... that he or she prescribes. Documents that are typewritten or produced with word processing...

  11. 29 CFR 1926.403 - General requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ..., feeder, and branch circuit, at its disconnecting means or overcurrent device, shall be legibly marked to... (measured parallel to the equipment). The depth shall be as required in Table K-2. The workspace shall be..., circuit breakers, motor controllers, relays, and similar equipment shall not be less than specified...

  12. 29 CFR 1926.403 - General requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ..., feeder, and branch circuit, at its disconnecting means or overcurrent device, shall be legibly marked to... (measured parallel to the equipment). The depth shall be as required in Table K-2. The workspace shall be..., circuit breakers, motor controllers, relays, and similar equipment shall not be less than specified...

  13. 29 CFR 1926.403 - General requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., feeder, and branch circuit, at its disconnecting means or overcurrent device, shall be legibly marked to... (measured parallel to the equipment). The depth shall be as required in Table K-2. The workspace shall be..., circuit breakers, motor controllers, relays, and similar equipment shall not be less than specified...

  14. 29 CFR 1926.403 - General requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ..., feeder, and branch circuit, at its disconnecting means or overcurrent device, shall be legibly marked to... (measured parallel to the equipment). The depth shall be as required in Table K-2. The workspace shall be..., circuit breakers, motor controllers, relays, and similar equipment shall not be less than specified...

  15. 37 CFR 201.33 - Procedures for filing Notices of Intent to Enforce a restored copyright under the Uruguay Round...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...) Lack of subject matter protection in the case of sound recordings fixed before February 15, 1972; or (C... legibly in dark, preferably black, ink, on 81/2 by 11 inch white paper of good quality, with at least a... actors, screenwriter, animator; for photographs or books: subject matter; for books: editor,...

  16. 21 CFR 101.30 - Percentage juice declaration for foods purporting to be beverages that contain fruit or vegetable...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...) In easily legible boldface print or type in distinct contrast to other printed or graphic matter, in... Carambola 7.8 Carrot 8.0 Casaba Melon 7.5 Cashew (Caju) 12.0 Celery 3.1 Cherry, dark, sweet 20.0 Cherry,...

  17. 21 CFR 101.30 - Percentage juice declaration for foods purporting to be beverages that contain fruit or vegetable...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...) In easily legible boldface print or type in distinct contrast to other printed or graphic matter, in... Carambola 7.8 Carrot 8.0 Casaba Melon 7.5 Cashew (Caju) 12.0 Celery 3.1 Cherry, dark, sweet 20.0 Cherry,...

  18. 37 CFR 201.33 - Procedures for filing Notices of Intent to Enforce a restored copyright under the Uruguay Round...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...) Lack of subject matter protection in the case of sound recordings fixed before February 15, 1972; or (C... legibly in dark, preferably black, ink, on 81/2 by 11 inch white paper of good quality, with at least a... actors, screenwriter, animator; for photographs or books: subject matter; for books: editor,...

  19. 21 CFR 101.30 - Percentage juice declaration for foods purporting to be beverages that contain fruit or vegetable...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...) In easily legible boldface print or type in distinct contrast to other printed or graphic matter, in... Carambola 7.8 Carrot 8.0 Casaba Melon 7.5 Cashew (Caju) 12.0 Celery 3.1 Cherry, dark, sweet 20.0 Cherry,...

  20. A History of Research on Reading. Theoretical Paper No. 56.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Venezky, Richard L.

    The systematic study of reading dates form the beginnings of experimental psychology in the late nineteenth century. Cattell measured reaction times for naming letters and words, investigated parallel processing, and compared legibilities of letters and printing types. From the end of the 1880s to the publication of Huey's 1908 text, reading…

  1. 47 CFR 2.925 - Identification of equipment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... by the term FCC ID in capital letters on a single line, and shall be of a type size large enough to be legible without the aid of magnification. Example: FCC ID XXX123. XXX—Grantee Code 123—Equipment... FCC ID, the FCC Identifier assigned to any receiver section shall be preceded by the term RX FCC...

  2. 17 CFR 4.1 - Requirements as to form.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Requirements as to form. 4.1... as to form. (a) Each document distributed pursuant to this part 4 must be: (1) Clear and legible; (2... electronically delivered document is organized in substantially the same manner as would be required for a...

  3. 17 CFR 4.1 - Requirements as to form.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Requirements as to form. 4.1... as to form. (a) Each document distributed pursuant to this part 4 must be: (1) Clear and legible; (2... electronically delivered document is organized in substantially the same manner as would be required for a...

  4. 17 CFR 4.1 - Requirements as to form.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Requirements as to form. 4.1... as to form. (a) Each document distributed pursuant to this part 4 must be: (1) Clear and legible; (2... electronically delivered document is organized in substantially the same manner as would be required for a...

  5. 17 CFR 4.1 - Requirements as to form.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Requirements as to form. 4.1... as to form. (a) Each document distributed pursuant to this part 4 must be: (1) Clear and legible; (2... electronically delivered document is organized in substantially the same manner as would be required for a...

  6. 17 CFR 4.1 - Requirements as to form.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Requirements as to form. 4.1... as to form. (a) Each document distributed pursuant to this part 4 must be: (1) Clear and legible; (2... electronically delivered document is organized in substantially the same manner as would be required for a...

  7. 30 CFR 7.49 - Approval marking.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... MINING PRODUCTS TESTING BY APPLICANT OR THIRD PARTY Battery Assemblies § 7.49 Approval marking. Each approved battery assembly shall be identified by a legible and permanent approval plate inscribed with the assigned MSHA approval number and securely attached to the battery box....

  8. 30 CFR 7.49 - Approval marking.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... MINING PRODUCTS TESTING BY APPLICANT OR THIRD PARTY Battery Assemblies § 7.49 Approval marking. Each approved battery assembly shall be identified by a legible and permanent approval plate inscribed with the assigned MSHA approval number and securely attached to the battery box....

  9. 37 CFR 1.52 - Language, paper, writing, margins, compact disc specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... § 1.52, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding Aids section of the... direct reproduction of readily legible copies in any number by use of photographic, electrostatic, photo... virus, or it is written onto a defective compact disc. (f)(1) Any sequence listing in an...

  10. 17 CFR 3.2 - Registration processing by the National Futures Association; notification and duration of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... fingerprint card or other document required by this part to be filed with both the Commission and the National... legible, accurate, and complete photocopy of that form, schedule, supplement, fingerprint card, or other... date is required on the original form, schedule, supplement, fingerprint card, or other document....

  11. 17 CFR 3.21 - Exemption from fingerprinting requirement in certain cases.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...) Any person who is required by this part to submit a fingerprint card may file, or cause to be filed, in lieu of such card: (1) A legible, accurate and complete photocopy of a fingerprint card which has... respect to that fingerprint card if such identification and processing has been completed...

  12. 17 CFR 3.2 - Registration processing by the National Futures Association; notification and duration of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... fingerprint card or other document required by this part to be filed with both the Commission and the National... legible, accurate, and complete photocopy of that form, schedule, supplement, fingerprint card, or other... date is required on the original form, schedule, supplement, fingerprint card, or other document....

  13. 12 CFR 5.51 - Changes in directors and senior executive officers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... CFR part 3, or is otherwise in troubled condition; or (2) The OCC determines, in connection with the... conviction by a state or Federal court; and (iv) Legible fingerprints of the person, except that fingerprints....C. 1831i, or this section and has previously submitted fingerprints. (3) Requests for...

  14. 12 CFR 5.51 - Changes in directors and senior executive officers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... CFR part 3, or is otherwise in troubled condition; or (2) The OCC determines, in connection with the... conviction by a state or Federal court; and (iv) Legible fingerprints of the person, except that fingerprints....C. 1831i, or this section and has previously submitted fingerprints. (3) Requests for...

  15. 17 CFR 3.2 - Registration processing by the National Futures Association; notification and duration of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... fingerprint card or other document required by this part to be filed with both the Commission and the National... legible, accurate, and complete photocopy of that form, schedule, supplement, fingerprint card, or other... date is required on the original form, schedule, supplement, fingerprint card, or other document....

  16. 17 CFR 3.2 - Registration processing by the National Futures Association; notification and duration of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... fingerprint card or other document required by this part to be filed with both the Commission and the National... legible, accurate, and complete photocopy of that form, schedule, supplement, fingerprint card, or other... date is required on the original form, schedule, supplement, fingerprint card, or other document....

  17. 16 CFR 1204.5 - Manufacturer's instructions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... be included in the manufacturer's instructions, in addition to the material required by 16 CFR 1402.4... statement required by 16 CFR 1402.4(a)(1)(ii)(A). (c) This warning statement shall be legible and... page, with the exception of the logo and any identification of the manufacturer, brand, model,...

  18. 16 CFR 1204.5 - Manufacturer's instructions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... be included in the manufacturer's instructions, in addition to the material required by 16 CFR 1402.4... statement required by 16 CFR 1402.4(a)(1)(ii)(A). (c) This warning statement shall be legible and... page, with the exception of the logo and any identification of the manufacturer, brand, model,...

  19. 78 FR 20910 - Combined Notice of Filings #1

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-08

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Combined Notice of Filings 1 Take notice that the Commission received the... Operator, Inc. Description: Refiling of SA 1951 to provide improved legibility of 1/29/13 filing (FID 648... effective 3/1/2014. Filed Date: 3/28/13. Accession Number: 20130328-5115. Comments Due: 5 p.m. ET...

  20. 49 CFR 236.919 - Operations and Maintenance Manual.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ..., maintenance, repair, modification, inspection, and testing of the product and have them in one Operations and... testing of safety-critical products must be adequate in detail and must be made available for inspection... identify all software versions, revisions, and revision dates. Plans must be legible and correct....

  1. 49 CFR 236.1039 - Operations and Maintenance Manual.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ..., modification, inspection, and testing of the PTC system and have them in one Operations and Maintenance Manual... state inspectors. (b) Plans required for proper maintenance, repair, inspection, and testing of safety... software versions, revisions, and revision dates. Plans must be legible and correct. (c) Hardware,...

  2. 9 CFR 79.1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ..., that are identified with a legible permanent brand or earnotch pattern registered with an official brand registry and that are not scrapie-positive, suspect, high-risk, or exposed animals and are not animals from an infected, source, or exposed flock. The term brand includes official brand registry...

  3. 37 CFR 1.84 - Standards for drawings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... contain) the following language as the first paragraph of the brief description of the drawings: The... view numbers must be plain and legible, and must not be used in association with brackets or inverted..., respectively. Inclusion of a copyright or mask work notice will be permitted only if the authorization...

  4. 48 CFR 2052.215-75 - Proposal presentation and format.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...) Information submitted in response to this solicitation must be typed, printed, or reproduced on letter-size paper and each copy must be legible. All information provided, including all resumes, must be accurate..., education, and employment history of its employees, subcontractor personnel, and consultants,...

  5. 40 CFR 262.21 - Manifest tracking numbers, manifest printing, and obtaining manifests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... instructions in the appendix to 40 CFR part 262 must appear legibly on the back of the copies of the manifest... AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS APPLICABLE TO GENERATORS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE The...): “Designated facility to destination State (if required)”. (ii) Page 2: “Designated facility to generator...

  6. 40 CFR 262.21 - Manifest tracking numbers, manifest printing, and obtaining manifests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... instructions in the appendix to 40 CFR part 262 must appear legibly on the back of the copies of the manifest... AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS APPLICABLE TO GENERATORS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE The...): “Designated facility to destination State (if required)”. (ii) Page 2: “Designated facility to generator...

  7. RMS end effector waiting for command and SPAS-01 nearby

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1983-01-01

    The end effector of the remote manipulator system (RMS) appears to be waiting for its next command at the top of this frame and the Shuttle pallet satellite (SPAS-01), in its free flying mode, appears nearby. The three letters legible on the SPAS stand for Messerschmitt-Boelkow-Blohm Gmbit, a West German firm.

  8. 36 CFR 223.186 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... transaction reporting forms in 36 CFR 223.193 and 223.194. Transfer means to pass title, sell, trade, exchange... fees, overhead, or other costs are removed. Hammer brand refers to an identifying mark or brand... attached to a hammer, or other similar striking tool. The hammer brand must make a legible imprint of...

  9. 49 CFR 178.338-18 - Marking.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... heat treated. (1) The plates must be legibly marked by stamping, embossing, or other means of forming... heads materials are the same thickness, they may be combined, (Shell & head matl, yyy * * *). (10) Weld material (Weld matl.). (11) Minimum Thickness-shell (Min. Shell-thick), in inches. When minimum...

  10. 49 CFR 178.338-18 - Marking.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... heat treated. (1) The plates must be legibly marked by stamping, embossing, or other means of forming... heads materials are the same thickness, they may be combined, (Shell & head matl, yyy * * *). (10) Weld material (Weld matl.). (11) Minimum Thickness-shell (Min. Shell-thick), in inches. When minimum...

  11. 49 CFR 178.338-18 - Marking.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... heat treated. (1) The plates must be legibly marked by stamping, embossing, or other means of forming... heads materials are the same thickness, they may be combined, (Shell & head matl, yyy * * *). (10) Weld material (Weld matl.). (11) Minimum Thickness-shell (Min. Shell-thick), in inches. When minimum...

  12. 46 CFR 185.612 - Fire protection equipment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... at or near each pull box and stop valve control and in the space where the extinguishing agent.... Each control valve to a distribution line must be marked to indicate the space served. (b) An alarm for... marked in clearly legible letters “SMOKE DETECTION ALARM”. (f) The control cabinets or spaces...

  13. 46 CFR 122.612 - Fire protection equipment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... stop valve control and in the space where the extinguishing agent cylinders are stored. If the storage... the local manual release or stop valve controls fail to operate. Each control valve to a distribution... system must be conspicuously marked in clearly legible letters “SMOKE DETECTION ALARM”. (h) A...

  14. 46 CFR 122.612 - Fire protection equipment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... stop valve control and in the space where the extinguishing agent cylinders are stored. If the storage... the local manual release or stop valve controls fail to operate. Each control valve to a distribution... system must be conspicuously marked in clearly legible letters “SMOKE DETECTION ALARM”. (h) A...

  15. 46 CFR 122.612 - Fire protection equipment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... stop valve control and in the space where the extinguishing agent cylinders are stored. If the storage... the local manual release or stop valve controls fail to operate. Each control valve to a distribution... system must be conspicuously marked in clearly legible letters “SMOKE DETECTION ALARM”. (h) A...

  16. 25. 'DetailsTransverse Sections For Three Hinged Arch Bridge Over Yuba ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    25. 'Details--Transverse Sections For Three Hinged Arch Bridge Over Yuba River At Parks Bar, Thomas System, Thomas And Post-- Consulting Engineers--Los Angeles.' Revised plans, but date of revision not legible. - Parks Bar Bridge, Spanning Yuba River at State Highway 20, Smartville, Yuba County, CA

  17. 30 CFR 56.19094 - Posting signal code.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Posting signal code. 56.19094 Section 56.19094 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE... Signaling § 56.19094 Posting signal code. A legible signal code shall be posted prominently in the...

  18. 30 CFR 57.19094 - Posting signal code.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Posting signal code. 57.19094 Section 57.19094 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE... Signaling § 57.19094 Posting signal code. A legible signal code shall be posted prominently in the...

  19. 10 CFR 95.13 - Maintenance of records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) FACILITY SECURITY CLEARANCE AND SAFEGUARDING OF NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION AND RESTRICTED DATA General Provisions § 95.13 Maintenance of records. (a) Each licensee... security reviews. (b) Each record required by this part must be legible throughout the retention...

  20. 40 CFR 82.110 - Form of label bearing warning statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... warning statement shall be the standard chemical name of the substance as listed in 40 CFR part 82... statement shall appear in conspicuous and legible type by typography, layout, and color with other printed... of the statement and is desirable. (1) Display panel or outer packaging. Minimum type...

  1. Chinese-Mandarin; Chinese Character Exercise Book.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Defense Language Inst., Washington, DC.

    This writing exercise book, designed to accompany the Defense Language Institute's Chinese-Mandarin Basic Course, consists of step-by-step illustrations for copying 825 characters in the Chinese writing system. [Not available in hard copy due to marginal legibility of original document.] (AMM)

  2. Arabic (Modern Standard) Basic Course; Minimum Military Vocabulary.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Defense Language Inst., Washington, DC.

    This English-Arabic listing of approximately 500 military terms was prepared as supplementary material for the Defense Language Institute's basic course in Modern Standard Arabic (AL 002 034). [Not available in hard copy due to marginal legibility of the original document.] (AMM)

  3. Monitoring performance of the cameras under the high dose-rate gamma ray environments.

    PubMed

    Cho, Jai Wan; Choi, Young Soo; Jeong, Kyung Min

    2014-05-01

    CCD/CMOS cameras, loaded on a robot system, are generally used as the eye of the robot and monitoring unit. A major problem that arises when dealing with images provided by CCD/CMOS cameras under severe accident situations of a nuclear power plant is the presence of speckles owing to the high dose-rate gamma irradiation fields. To use a CCD/CMOS camera as a monitoring unit in a high radiation area, the legibility of the camera image in such intense gamma-radiation fields should therefore be defined. In this paper, the authors describe the monitoring index as a figure of merit of the camera's legibleness under a high dose-rate gamma ray irradiation environment. From a low dose-rate (10 Gy h) to a high dose-rate (200 Gy h) level, the legible performances of the cameras owing to the speckles are evaluated. The numbers of speckles generated by gamma ray irradiation in the camera image are calculated by an image processing technique. The legibility of the sensor indicator (thermo/hygrometer) owing to the number of speckles is also presented. PMID:24667385

  4. 46 CFR 185.610 - Watertight doors and watertight hatches.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Watertight doors and watertight hatches. 185.610 Section... (UNDER 100 GROSS TONS) OPERATIONS Markings Required § 185.610 Watertight doors and watertight hatches. Watertight doors and watertight hatches must be marked on both sides in clearly legible letters at least...

  5. 46 CFR 185.610 - Watertight doors and watertight hatches.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Watertight doors and watertight hatches. 185.610 Section... (UNDER 100 GROSS TONS) OPERATIONS Markings Required § 185.610 Watertight doors and watertight hatches. Watertight doors and watertight hatches must be marked on both sides in clearly legible letters at least...

  6. 46 CFR 185.610 - Watertight doors and watertight hatches.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Watertight doors and watertight hatches. 185.610 Section... (UNDER 100 GROSS TONS) OPERATIONS Markings Required § 185.610 Watertight doors and watertight hatches. Watertight doors and watertight hatches must be marked on both sides in clearly legible letters at least...

  7. 46 CFR 185.610 - Watertight doors and watertight hatches.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Watertight doors and watertight hatches. 185.610 Section... (UNDER 100 GROSS TONS) OPERATIONS Markings Required § 185.610 Watertight doors and watertight hatches. Watertight doors and watertight hatches must be marked on both sides in clearly legible letters at least...

  8. 46 CFR 185.610 - Watertight doors and watertight hatches.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Watertight doors and watertight hatches. 185.610 Section... (UNDER 100 GROSS TONS) OPERATIONS Markings Required § 185.610 Watertight doors and watertight hatches. Watertight doors and watertight hatches must be marked on both sides in clearly legible letters at least...

  9. 21 CFR 1271.270 - Records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) REGULATIONS UNDER CERTAIN OTHER ACTS ADMINISTERED BY THE FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION HUMAN CELLS, TISSUES, AND CELLULAR AND... available and legible, such as computer and reader equipment, must be readily available. Records stored...

  10. 46 CFR 160.024-5 - Marking.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Pistol-Projected Parachute Red Flare Distress Signals § 160.024-5 Marking. (a) Cartridge. Each pistol-projected parachute red flare distress signal shall be legibly marked as follows: Pistol-Projected Parachute Red Flare Distress Signal 20,000 candela—30 seconds...

  11. 46 CFR 160.024-5 - Marking.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Pistol-Projected Parachute Red Flare Distress Signals § 160.024-5 Marking. (a) Cartridge. Each pistol-projected parachute red flare distress signal shall be legibly marked as follows: Pistol-Projected Parachute Red Flare Distress Signal 20,000 candela—30 seconds...

  12. 46 CFR 160.024-5 - Marking.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Pistol-Projected Parachute Red Flare Distress Signals § 160.024-5 Marking. (a) Cartridge. Each pistol-projected parachute red flare distress signal shall be legibly marked as follows: Pistol-Projected Parachute Red Flare Distress Signal 20,000 candela—30 seconds...

  13. 46 CFR 160.024-5 - Marking.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Pistol-Projected Parachute Red Flare Distress Signals § 160.024-5 Marking. (a) Cartridge. Each pistol-projected parachute red flare distress signal shall be legibly marked as follows: Pistol-Projected Parachute Red Flare Distress Signal 20,000 candela—30 seconds...

  14. 46 CFR 160.024-5 - Marking.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Pistol-Projected Parachute Red Flare Distress Signals § 160.024-5 Marking. (a) Cartridge. Each pistol-projected parachute red flare distress signal shall be legibly marked as follows: Pistol-Projected Parachute Red Flare Distress Signal 20,000 candela—30 seconds...

  15. 14 CFR 91.207 - Emergency locator transmitters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... batteries are rechargeable)— (1) When the transmitter has been in use for more than 1 cumulative hour; or (2) When 50 percent of their useful life (or, for rechargeable batteries, 50 percent of their useful life... expiration date for replacing (or recharging) the battery must be legibly marked on the outside of...

  16. 14 CFR 91.207 - Emergency locator transmitters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... batteries are rechargeable)— (1) When the transmitter has been in use for more than 1 cumulative hour; or (2) When 50 percent of their useful life (or, for rechargeable batteries, 50 percent of their useful life... expiration date for replacing (or recharging) the battery must be legibly marked on the outside of...

  17. 14 CFR 91.207 - Emergency locator transmitters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... batteries are rechargeable)— (1) When the transmitter has been in use for more than 1 cumulative hour; or (2) When 50 percent of their useful life (or, for rechargeable batteries, 50 percent of their useful life... expiration date for replacing (or recharging) the battery must be legibly marked on the outside of...

  18. 14 CFR 91.207 - Emergency locator transmitters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... batteries are rechargeable)— (1) When the transmitter has been in use for more than 1 cumulative hour; or (2) When 50 percent of their useful life (or, for rechargeable batteries, 50 percent of their useful life... expiration date for replacing (or recharging) the battery must be legibly marked on the outside of...

  19. The Older Driver - A Challenge To The Design Of Automotive Electronic Displays

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rockwell, T. H.; Augsburger, Arol; Smith, Stanley W.; Freeman, Scott

    1988-10-01

    Older drivers present unique challenges to the display designer. Approximately 30 percent of all drivers in the U.S. are over 50 years of age. Visual impairment, e.g., presbyopia, begins after 40. After age 55, approximately 91 percent of the population use bifocals. Unfortunately, bifocals with significant add power create zones of decreased acuity in the critical instrument panel viewing distances of 500-800 mm. In this paper, the demands for vision in driving are related to the special visual disabilities associated with the older driver, such as increased sensitivity to glare, high contrast ratio blurring of electronic displays and increased time for target recognition. A computer legibility model is presented to relate the principal factors in design, namely character height and width, viewing distance, contrast ratio and background luminance with legibility impairment associated with various age groups. Implications of model predictions to display design are discussed.

  20. Efficacy of a task-based training approach in the rehabilitation of three children with poor handwriting quality: a pilot study.

    PubMed

    Baldi, Silvia; Nunzi, Michela; Brina, Carlo Di

    2015-02-01

    Evidence suggests that task-based training approaches can improve the performance of children with handwriting difficulties. The present case study tests the efficacy of the Handwriting Task Program (HTP). Three male children (9-10 yr. old) with poor handwriting skills and different developmental disorders participated in the HTP, twice per week, for 13 wk. Handwriting legibility was assessed through the Concise Evaluation Scale for Children's Handwriting, and fine motor performance and handwriting speed were evaluated at pre- and post-treatment with the Visual Motor Integration Test and the Battery for the assessment of writing skills of children from 7 to 13 yr. old. The results showed that motor efficiency and global handwriting quality improved in all the children, although some handwriting difficulties still persisted in one child with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD). Further study may confirm on a larger sample that a visual-spatially based training may improve the handwriting legibility of children with DCD. PMID:25650511

  1. Evaluation of overhead guide sign sheeting materials to increase visibility and safety for drivers.

    PubMed

    Obeidat, Mohammed Said; Rys, Malgorzata J; Rys, Andrew; Du, Juan

    2016-09-01

    Overhead guide sign visibility must increase to improve driver safety on roadways. Two methods increase overhead guide sign visibility: sign illumination and use of retroreflective sheeting materials. This paper compares three types of retroreflective sheeting: Engineering Grade (type I), Diamond Grade (type XI), and High Intensity (type IV). A field experiment was conducted at night using licensed drivers to determine the optimum retroreflective sheeting material that increases sign visibility and legibility. Results showed that, of the three types of retroreflective sheeting, Diamond Grade (type XI) sheeting requires minimum illuminance to be visible, followed by High Intensity (type IV) sheeting. Cost analysis, including labor, maintenance, and material cost components of the three retroreflective sheeting materials, showed that High Intensity (type IV) could increase sign visibility and legibility at night for Departments of Transportation with limited budgets, consequently increasing driver safety on roadways. PMID:27184321

  2. The effects of sign design features on bicycle pictorial symbols for bicycling facility signs.

    PubMed

    Oh, Kyunghui; Rogoff, Aaron; Smith-Jackson, Tonya

    2013-11-01

    The inanimate bicycle symbol has long been used to indicate the animate activity of bicycling facility signs. In contrast, either the inanimate bicycle symbol or the animate bicycle symbol has been used interchangeably for the standard pavement symbols in bike lanes. This has led to confusion among pedestrians and cyclists alike. The purpose of this study was to examine two different designs (inanimate symbol vs. animate symbol) involved in the evaluation of perceived preference and glance legibility, and investigate sign design features on bicycle pictorial symbols. Thirty-five participants compared current bicycle signs (inanimate symbols) to alternative designs (animate symbols) in a controlled laboratory setting. The results indicated that the alternative designs (animate symbols) showed better performance in both preference and glance legibility tests. Conceptual compatibility, familiarity, and perceptual affordances were found to be important factors as well. PMID:23623234

  3. Map showing locations of geophysical survey and modeling lines in the vicinity of New Madrid, Missouri

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Rhea, Susan; Wheeler, Russell L.

    1994-01-01

    This is one of a series of five seismotectonic maps of the seismically active New Madrid area in southeast Missouri and adjacent parts of Arkansas, Kentucky, and Tennessee (table 1). We cannot legibly show all the seismotectonic data on a single map, therefore each of the five maps in this series groups a different type of related information. Rhea and others (1994) summarized the background and purpose of the seismotectonic map folio.

  4. 37 CFR 201.34 - Procedures for filing Correction Notices of Intent to Enforce a Copyright Restored under the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    .... (3) Restored work. For the definition of works restored under the URAA, see 37 CFR 201.33. (c) Forms... prescribed in § 201.3(c). (2) Method of payment. See 37 CFR 201.33(e)(1),(2). (f) Public online access... in English, and should be typed or legibly printed by hand in dark, preferably black ink, on 81/2″...

  5. 37 CFR 201.34 - Procedures for filing Correction Notices of Intent to Enforce a Copyright Restored under the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    .... (3) Restored work. For the definition of works restored under the URAA, see 37 CFR 201.33. (c) Forms... prescribed in § 201.3(c). (2) Method of payment. See 37 CFR 201.33(e)(1),(2). (f) Public online access... in English, and should be typed or legibly printed by hand in dark, preferably black ink, on 81/2″...

  6. 37 CFR 201.34 - Procedures for filing Correction Notices of Intent to Enforce a Copyright Restored under the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    .... (3) Restored work. For the definition of works restored under the URAA, see 37 CFR 201.33. (c) Forms... prescribed in § 201.3(c). (2) Method of payment. See 37 CFR 201.33(e)(1),(2). (f) Public online access... in English, and should be typed or legibly printed by hand in dark, preferably black ink, on 81/2″...

  7. 16 CFR 1616.31 - Labeling, recordkeeping, retail display and guaranties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Identification Act (15 U.S.C. 70-70k) and the regulations thereunder (16 CFR 303.1 through 303.45) or by the Wool Products Labeling Act of 1939 (15 U.S.C. 68-68j) and the regulations thereunder (16 CFR 300.1 through 300..., conspicuously, and legibly labeled with the required information. (ii) Where garments required to be labeled...

  8. 16 CFR 1616.31 - Labeling, recordkeeping, retail display and guaranties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Identification Act (15 U.S.C. 70-70k) and the regulations thereunder (16 CFR 303.1 through 303.45) or by the Wool Products Labeling Act of 1939 (15 U.S.C. 68-68j) and the regulations thereunder (16 CFR 300.1 through 300..., conspicuously, and legibly labeled with the required information. (ii) Where garments required to be labeled...

  9. 16 CFR 1616.31 - Labeling, recordkeeping, retail display and guaranties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Identification Act (15 U.S.C. 70-70k) and the regulations thereunder (16 CFR 303.1 through 303.45) or by the Wool Products Labeling Act of 1939 (15 U.S.C. 68-68j) and the regulations thereunder (16 CFR 300.1 through 300..., conspicuously, and legibly labeled with the required information. (ii) Where garments required to be labeled...

  10. RMS end effector waiting for command and SPAS-01 nearby

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1983-01-01

    The end effector of the remote manipulator system (RMS) appears to be waiting for its next command at the top of this frame and the Shuttle pallet satellite (SPAS-01), in its free flying mode, appears nearby. The three letters legible on the SPAS stand for Messerschmitt-Boelkow-Blohm Gmbit, a West German firm. The earth's horizon is visible at the bottom of the frame.

  11. A geometry and texture coupled flexible generalization of urban building models

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Man; Zhang, Liqiang; Takis Mathiopoulos, P.; Xie, Wenqing; Ding, Yusi; Wang, Hao

    2012-06-01

    In the past, numerous research efforts have focused on generalization of city building models. However, a generic procedure for creating flexible generalization results supporting the fast and efficient update of original building models with various complexities is still an open problem. Moreover, building clusters created in previously published generalization methods are not flexible enough to meet the various requirements for both legible and realistic visualization. Motivated by these observations, this paper proposes a new method for generating a flexible generalization outcome which enables convenient updating of original building models. It also proposes a flexible preprocessing of this generalized information to render a legible and realistic urban scene. This is accomplished by introducing a novel component structure, termed as FEdge, particularly designed for efficiently managing the geometry and texture information in building cluster instances (both original building models and building clusters) during the generalization, visualization and updating processes. Furthermore, a multiple representation structure, referred to as Evolved Buffer-Tree (EBT), is also introduced. The purpose of the EBT is to organize building cluster instances and to employ more flexible LODs for both legible and realistic visualization of urban scenes. FEdge has an intuitive planar shape which can be effectively used in representing rough 3D facade composed by detailed continuous meshes. Each FEdge is given a unique identifier, referred to as FEdge Index. In the proposed generalization scheme, firstly each original building model treated as a building cluster instance is abstracted and presented as FEdge Indices. These FEdge Indices are then used for producing generalized building cluster instances in the EBT portably, and to support convenient model updating and flexible preprocessing of the generalization results for renderable building cluster instances. Secondly, to achieve

  12. Optical engineering application of modeled photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) for high-speed digital camera dynamic range optimization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alves, James; Gueymard, Christian A.

    2009-08-01

    As efforts to create accurate yet computationally efficient estimation models for clear-sky photosynthetically active solar radiation (PAR) have succeeded, the range of practical engineering applications where these models can be successfully applied has increased. This paper describes a novel application of the REST2 radiative model (developed by the second author) in optical engineering. The PAR predictions in this application are used to predict the possible range of instantaneous irradiances that could impinge on the image plane of a stationary video camera designed to image license plates on moving vehicles. The overall spectral response of the camera (including lens and optical filters) is similar to the 400-700 nm PAR range, thereby making PAR irradiance (rather than luminance) predictions most suitable for this application. The accuracy of the REST2 irradiance predictions for horizontal surfaces, coupled with another radiative model to obtain irradiances on vertical surfaces, and to standard optical image formation models, enable setting the dynamic range controls of the camera to ensure that the license plate images are legible (unsaturated with adequate contrast) regardless of the time of day, sky condition, or vehicle speed. A brief description of how these radiative models are utilized as part of the camera control algorithm is provided. Several comparisons of the irradiance predictions derived from the radiative model versus actual PAR measurements under varying sky conditions with three Licor sensors (one horizontal and two vertical) have been made and showed good agreement. Various camera-to-plate geometries and compass headings have been considered in these comparisons. Time-lapse sequences of license plate images taken with the camera under various sky conditions over a 30-day period are also analyzed. They demonstrate the success of the approach at creating legible plate images under highly variable lighting, which is the main goal of this

  13. George Eliot's interrogation of physiological future knowledge.

    PubMed

    Claggett, Shalyn

    2011-01-01

    This essay tracks George Eliot's sustained interest in the epistemological problems surrounding the Victorian tendency to envision the future through the body's materiality. It argues that her nuanced criticism of phrenology in "The Lifted Veil" (1859) and "A Minor Prophet" (1865) addresses the delimiting psychological and social effects that attend an applied theory of physiological determinism. Returning to this problem in Daniel Deronda (1876), Eliot offers Mordecai's plan to posit Deronda's body as a living emblem as a radical alternative to racial iconography and typological meaning—a move that allowed her to reconcile the body's legibility with a future beyond socially inscribed possibilities. PMID:22213892

  14. Map Design and Production Issues for the Utah Gap Analysis Project

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Hutchinson, J.A.; Wittmann, J.H.

    1997-01-01

    The cartographic preparation and printing of four maps for the Utah GAP Project presented a wide range of challenges in cartographic design and production. In meeting these challenges, the map designers had to balance the purpose of the maps together with their legibility and utility against both the researchers' desire to show as much detail as possible and the technical limitations inherent in the printing process. This article describes seven design and production issues in order to illustrate the challenges of making maps from a merger of satellite data and GIS databases, and to point toward future investigation and development.

  15. [The practice of development and implementation of quality management systems in medical laboratories. The GOST R ISO 15189-2009 "medical laboratories. The detailed requirements to quality and competence". Particular difficulties of global nature].

    PubMed

    Emanuel', A V; Ivanov, G A; Fleganova, I N; Emanuel', V L

    2012-12-01

    The article discusses the methodological issues related to the implementation of international principles of standardization in the format of GOST R ISO 9001-2008 "Quality management systems. Requirements", GOST R ISO 15189-2009 "Medical laboratories. The detailed requirements to quality and competence" and GOST R ISO 18113.1-5 "Medical items for diagnostics in vitro. Information provided by manufacturer (marking)". This approach legibly assigns the responsibility concerning the support of metrological correctness of laboratory measurements. The lacking of both full-value public and sectorial normative documentation and coordinated positions of Rosstandard and Minzdrav of Russia on functioning of medical laboratories is noted. PMID:23479974

  16. Intergenerational Yearnings and Other "Acts of Perversion": Or Where Would I Be Without Lesbian Drumming?

    PubMed

    Clay, Andreana

    2015-01-01

    This article explores the (il)legibilities of race, gender, sexuality, and interracial solidarity between two feminist generations. Using the words of Judy Grahn and Pat Parker, the author juxtaposes her own experience and writings as a queer, Black, feminist, born in 1971 with their dyke, feminist writings of the same period, asking "Where Would I Be, Without You?" Central to this question is a queer re-imagining of queer past and future in an effort to understand the potential for interracial, feminist solidarity in the twenty-first century. PMID:26075691

  17. Virtual test: A student-centered software to measure student's critical thinking on human disease

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rusyati, Lilit; Firman, Harry

    2016-02-01

    The study "Virtual Test: A Student-Centered Software to Measure Student's Critical Thinking on Human Disease" is descriptive research. The background is importance of computer-based test that use element and sub element of critical thinking. Aim of this study is development of multiple choices to measure critical thinking that made by student-centered software. Instruments to collect data are (1) construct validity sheet by expert judge (lecturer and medical doctor) and professional judge (science teacher); and (2) test legibility sheet by science teacher and junior high school student. Participants consisted of science teacher, lecturer, and medical doctor as validator; and the students as respondent. Result of this study are describe about characteristic of virtual test that use to measure student's critical thinking on human disease, analyze result of legibility test by students and science teachers, analyze result of expert judgment by science teachers and medical doctor, and analyze result of trial test of virtual test at junior high school. Generally, result analysis shown characteristic of multiple choices to measure critical thinking was made by eight elements and 26 sub elements that developed by Inch et al.; complete by relevant information; and have validity and reliability more than "enough". Furthermore, specific characteristic of multiple choices to measure critical thinking are information in form science comic, table, figure, article, and video; correct structure of language; add source of citation; and question can guide student to critical thinking logically.

  18. Correcting spurious resolution in defocused images

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yellott, John I.; Yellott, John W.

    2007-02-01

    Optical modeling suggests that levels of retinal defocus routinely caused by presbyopia should produce phase reversals (spurious resolution-SR) for spatial frequencies in the 2 cycles/letter range known to be critical for reading. Simulations show that such reversals can have a decisive impact on character legibility, and that correcting only this feature of defocused images (by re-reversing contrast sign errors created by defocus) can make unrecognizably blurred letters completely legible. This deblurring impact of SR correction is remarkably unaffected by the magnitude of defocus, as determined by blur-circle size. Both the deblurrring itself and its robustness can be understood from the effect that SR correction has on the defocused pointspread function, which changes from a broad flat cake to a sharply pointed cone. This SR-corrected pointspread acts like a delta function, preserving image shape during convolution regardless of blur-disk size. Curiously, such pointspread functions always contain a narrow annulus of negative light-intensity values whose radius equals the diameter of the blur circle. We show that these properties of SR-correction all stem from the mathematical nature of the Fourier transform of the sign of the optical transfer function, which also accounts for the inevitable low contrast of images pre-corrected for SR.

  19. Challenges of Presenting Context and Interpretation of Global Datasets on Spherical Displays

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ward, K.; Graham, S.; Simmon, R.

    2010-12-01

    The increased use of spherical displays -- e.g., Science on a Sphere, Magic Planet -- in communicating Earth science is creating a greater demand for imagery and other resources. One difficulty that presenters experience when assembling resources for a program or display is that imagery does not always transfer well between display technologies. An image that may appear clear and readable when viewed in a web browser may lose contrast and legibility when transferred to a display 2’ to 6’ in diameter and be located in either a low-light environment or in the bright light of a convention hall. These extreme environments can decrease the usability of content used on the displays. Using the NASA Earth Observations (NEO) global dataset collection as a source of imagery, the authors have experimented with several datasets using displays in a variety of environments. They have attempted to define best practices for selecting color palettes, color depth, and contextual accents (continental outlines, land/ocean masks) that help to present these datasets in a legible and coherent manner.

  20. Effects of a Classroom-Embedded Occupational Therapist–Teacher Handwriting Program for First-Grade Students

    PubMed Central

    Weaver, Lindy; Holland, Terri

    2014-01-01

    This study examined the effectiveness of Write Start, a handwriting and writing program cotaught by teachers and occupational therapists for first-grade children. Four classrooms (n = 80) received the Write Start program, and four (n = 58) received standard handwriting and writing instruction. Two teachers and an occupational therapist implemented the 24-session manualized program, which included station teaching and individualized supports. The program emphasized practice in small groups in which the coteaching team provided students with frequent feedback, encouraged self-evaluation, and facilitated peer modeling and peer evaluation. Students who completed the Write Start program improved more in handwriting legibility and speed than the group receiving standard instruction. Writing fluency and written composition were no different between groups at posttest; however, writing fluency was significantly higher for Write Start students at 6-mo follow-up. Write Start students with low legibility at baseline made significant improvements, suggesting that the program may benefit students at risk for handwriting and writing problems. PMID:25397764

  1. In-vehicle signing functions of an in-vehicle information system

    SciTech Connect

    Tufano, D.R.; Knee, H.E.; Spelt, P.F.

    1996-04-01

    The definition of In-Vehicle Signing (IVS) functions was guided by the principles of traffic engineering as they apply to the design and placement of roadway signs. Because of the dynamic and active nature of computing, communications, and display technology, IVS can fulfill the signing principles of traffic engineering in ways that have been impossible with conventional signage. Current signing technology represents a series of compromises of these principles, especially the data and equations contributing to the calculation of required sight distance. A number of conditions relevant to sight distance are quite variable, e.g.: vehicle speed, visibility, weather, and driver reaction time. However, conventional signing requires that there are fixed values of each variable for the determination of (e.g.) legibility distance. IVS, on the other hand, will be able to tailor the timing of sign presentation to the dynamically diverse variable values of all of these conditions. A clear, in-vehicle sign display, adaptive to ambient and driver conditions, will in fact obviate the entire issue of sign legibility. These capabilities, together with information filtering functions, will truly enhance the presentation of sign information to drivers. The development of IVS is a critical step in the development of an integrated In-Vehicle Information System (IVIS).

  2. Impact of tactile function on upper limb motor function in children with Developmental Coordination Disorder.

    PubMed

    Cox, Lauren E; Harris, Elizabeth C; Auld, Megan L; Johnston, Leanne M

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated the presence of, and relationship between tactile dysfunction and upper limb motor function in children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) compared to typical developing (TD) children. Participants were 36 children aged 6-12 years. Presence of DCD (n=20) or TD (n=16) was confirmed using the Movement Assessment Battery for Children, second edition. All children participated in a comprehensive assessment of tactile registration (Semmes Weinstein Monofilaments); tactile spatial perception (Single Point Localisation (SPL) and two-point discrimination (2PD)); haptic perception (Stereognosis); speed of simple everyday manual tasks (Jebsen-Taylor Test of Hand Function (JTTHF)); and handwriting speed and accuracy (Evaluation Tool of Children's Handwriting (ETCH)). Compared to TD children, children with DCD demonstrated poorer localisation of touch in the non-dominant hand (p=0.04), slower speed of alphabet writing (p<0.05) and less legible handwriting (p<0.01), but no difference in speed of simple everyday manual tasks (JTTHF: p>0.05). Regression analysis showed that spatial tactile perception (SPL) predicted handwriting legibility (ETCH: r=0.11) and speed of functional tasks (JTTHF: r=0.33). These results suggest that tactile function, specifically single point localisation, should be a primary tactile assessment employed to determine reasons for upper limb motor difficulties experienced by children with DCD. PMID:26299639

  3. Fingerprint pattern restoration by digital image processing techniques.

    PubMed

    Wen, Che-Yen; Yu, Chiu-Chung

    2003-09-01

    Fingerprint evidence plays an important role in solving criminal problems. However, defective (lacking information needed for completeness) or contaminated (undesirable information included) fingerprint patterns make identifying and recognizing processes difficult. Unfortunately. this is the usual case. In the recognizing process (enhancement of patterns, or elimination of "false alarms" so that a fingerprint pattern can be searched in the Automated Fingerprint Identification System (AFIS)), chemical and physical techniques have been proposed to improve pattern legibility. In the identifying process, a fingerprint examiner can enhance contaminated (but not defective) fingerprint patterns under guidelines provided by the Scientific Working Group on Friction Ridge Analysis, Study and Technology (SWGFAST), the Scientific Working Group on Imaging Technology (SWGIT), and an AFIS working group within the National Institute of Justice. Recently, the image processing techniques have been successfully applied in forensic science. For example, we have applied image enhancement methods to improve the legibility of digital images such as fingerprints and vehicle plate numbers. In this paper, we propose a novel digital image restoration technique based on the AM (amplitude modulation)-FM (frequency modulation) reaction-diffusion method to restore defective or contaminated fingerprint patterns. This method shows its potential application to fingerprint pattern enhancement in the recognizing process (but not for the identifying process). Synthetic and real images are used to show the capability of the proposed method. The results of enhancing fingerprint patterns by the manual process and our method are evaluated and compared. PMID:14535661

  4. Practical homeostasis lighting control system using sensor agent robots for office space

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tokiwa, Momoko; Mita, Akira

    2014-03-01

    The comfortable space can be changed by season, age, physical condition and the like. However, the current systems are not able to resolve them absolutely. This research proposes the Homeostasis lighting control system based on the mechanism of biotic homeostasis for making the algorithms of apparatus control. Homeostasis are kept by the interaction of the three systems, endocrine system, immune system, and nervous system[1]. By the gradual reaction in the endocrine system, body's protective response in the immune system, and the electrical reaction in the nerve system, we can keep the environments against variable changes. The new lighting control system utilizes this mechanism. Firstly, we focused on legibility and comfort in the office space to construct the control model learning from the endocrine and immune systems. The mechanism of the endocrine system is used for ambient lights in the space is used considering circadian rhythm for comfort. For the legibility, the immune system is used to control considering devices near the human depending on the distance between the human. Simulations and the demonstration were conducted to show the feasibility. Finally, the nerve system was intruded to enhance the system.

  5. Errors and omissions in hospital prescriptions: a survey of prescription writing in a hospital

    PubMed Central

    Calligaris, Laura; Panzera, Angela; Arnoldo, Luca; Londero, Carla; Quattrin, Rosanna; Troncon, Maria G; Brusaferro, Silvio

    2009-01-01

    Background The frequency of drug prescription errors is high. Excluding errors in decision making, the remaining are mainly due to order ambiguity, non standard nomenclature and writing illegibility. The aim of this study is to analyse, as a part of a continuous quality improvement program, the quality of prescriptions writing for antibiotics, in an Italian University Hospital as a risk factor for prescription errors. Methods The point prevalence survey, carried out in May 26–30 2008, involved 41 inpatient Units. Every parenteral or oral antibiotic prescription was analysed for legibility (generic or brand drug name, dose, frequency of administration) and completeness (generic or brand name, dose, frequency of administration, route of administration, date of prescription and signature of the prescriber). Eight doctors (residents in Hygiene and Preventive Medicine) and two pharmacists performed the survey by reviewing the clinical records of medical, surgical or intensive care section inpatients. The antibiotics drug category was chosen because its use is widespread in the setting considered. Results Out of 756 inpatients included in the study, 408 antibiotic prescriptions were found in 298 patients (mean prescriptions per patient 1.4; SD ± 0.6). Overall 92.7% (38/41) of the Units had at least one patient with antibiotic prescription. Legibility was in compliance with 78.9% of generic or brand names, 69.4% of doses, 80.1% of frequency of administration, whereas completeness was fulfilled for 95.6% of generic or brand names, 76.7% of doses, 83.6% of frequency of administration, 87% of routes of administration, 43.9% of dates of prescription and 33.3% of physician's signature. Overall 23.9% of prescriptions were illegible and 29.9% of prescriptions were incomplete. Legibility and completeness are higher in unusual drugs prescriptions. Conclusion The Intensive Care Section performed best as far as quality of prescription writing was concerned when compared with the

  6. Black anneal marking with pulsed fiber lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murphy, T.; Harrison, P.; Norman, S.

    2015-07-01

    High contrast marking of metals is used in a wide range of industries. Fiber laser marking of these metals provides non-contact marking with no consumables, offering many advantages over traditional methods of metal marking. The laser creates a permanent mark on the material surface combining heat and oxygen with no noticeable ablation. The focussed beam of the fiber laser in combination with precision control of the heat input is able to treat small areas of the material surface evenly and consistently, which is critical for producing black anneal marks. The marks are highly legible which is ideal for marking serial numbers or small data matrices where traceability is required. This paper reports the experimental study for producing black anneal marks on various grades of stainless steel using fiber lasers. The influence of metal surface finish, beam quality, spot size diameter and pulse duration are investigated for producing both smooth and decorative anneal marks.

  7. The changing brain: Neuroscience and the enduring import of everyday experience.

    PubMed

    Pickersgill, Martyn; Martin, Paul; Cunningham-Burley, Sarah

    2015-10-01

    Discourses of 'neuroplasticity' have become increasingly apparent in the neurosciences and wider society. These connect with broader narratives about the 'changing brain' throughout the life-course. Here, we explore their presence in the talk of a range of publics. Their presence is indicative of how novel neuroscience is accepted, or not, by our participants. In particular, we suggest that any acceptance of the science relates to their personal and/or professional experiences of change (to their own or others' subjectivities) rather than to some intrinsic and widely-held significance of scientific concepts per se. Accordingly, we also submit that it is in part through the congruence of some neuroscientific claims to everyday experiences and perspectives that the former are rendered legible and salient. In this respect, 'lay' knowledge has considerable import for the wider cultural authorisation of that of 'experts'. PMID:24598481

  8. READS: the rapid electronic assessment documentation system.

    PubMed

    Hickey, Ann; Gleeson, Margaret; Kellett, John

    Patient documentation is time consuming and can detract from care. The authors report a novel computer programme that manipulates routinely collected information to quantify nursing workload, along with the reason for admission, functional status, estimates of in-hospital mortality and life expectancy. The programme stores information in a database, and produces a print-out in a situation/background/assessment/recommendation (SBAR) format. The average time taken to enter 629 patient encounters was 6.6 minutes. Pain was the most common presentation for low workload patients, while high workload patients often presented with altered mental status and reduced mobility. There was only a modest correlation between the risk of death and nursing workload. The programme measures nursing workload without further paperwork, and improves routine documentation with a legible brief report that is automatically generated. This report can be shared and provides data that is immediately available for day-to-day care, audit, quality control and service planning. PMID:23249801

  9. The computerized notation system: a portable, self-contained system for entry of physicians' and nurses' notes.

    PubMed

    Ash, S R; Mertz, S L; Ulrich, D K

    1983-01-01

    The Computerized Notation System (CNS) is a portable microprocessor system designed for use in outpatient clinics, hospital wards, and intensive care units. It can produce essentially all written communications required of both physicians and nurses, with printout at the bedside or in the clinic examining room. It is designed to ameliorate several problems which have limited direct computer entry by physicians and nurses (keyboard and processor access, marginal typing skills, lack of immediate printout, and logical restriction of menu choices). The system encourages and simplifies use of the problem-oriented approach to the patient, by producing organized, legible daily notes and patient summaries. Printouts of the system are compatible with the present hospital and clinic "paper charts." Clinical trials have confirmed the applicability, variability, and acceptability of the CNS in both hospital and outpatient practice. PMID:10295287

  10. MAUVE: A New Strategy for Solving and Grading Physics Problems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hill, Nicole Breanne

    2016-05-01

    MAUVE (magnitude, answer, units, variables, and equations) is a framework and rubric to help students and teachers through the process of clearly solving and assessing solutions to introductory physics problems. Success in introductory physics often derives from an understanding of units, a command over dimensional analysis, and good bookkeeping. I developed MAUVE for an introductory-level environmental physics course as an easy-to-remember checklist to help students construct organized and thoughtful solutions to physics problems. Environmental physics is a core physics course for environmental and sustainability science (ESS) majors that teaches principles of radiation, thermodynamics, and mechanics within the context of the environment and sustainable energy systems. ESS student concentrations include environmental biology, applied ecology, biogeochemistry, and natural resources. The MAUVE rubric, inspired by nature, has encouraged my students to produce legible and tactical work, and has significantly clarified the grading process.

  11. Multimodal system designed to reduce errors in recording and administration of drugs in anaesthesia: prospective randomised clinical evaluation

    PubMed Central

    Webster, Craig S; Hannam, Jacqueline; Mitchell, Simon J; Henderson, Robert; Reid, Papaarangi; Edwards, Kylie-Ellen; Jardim, Anisoara; Pak, Nick; Cooper, Jeremy; Hopley, Lara; Frampton, Chris; Short, Timothy G

    2011-01-01

    Objective To clinically evaluate a new patented multimodal system (SAFERSleep) designed to reduce errors in the recording and administration of drugs in anaesthesia. Design Prospective randomised open label clinical trial. Setting Five designated operating theatres in a major tertiary referral hospital. Participants Eighty nine consenting anaesthetists managing 1075 cases in which there were 10 764 drug administrations. Intervention Use of the new system (which includes customised drug trays and purpose designed drug trolley drawers to promote a well organised anaesthetic workspace and aseptic technique; pre-filled syringes for commonly used anaesthetic drugs; large legible colour coded drug labels; a barcode reader linked to a computer, speakers, and touch screen to provide automatic auditory and visual verification of selected drugs immediately before each administration; automatic compilation of an anaesthetic record; an on-screen and audible warning if an antibiotic has not been administered within 15 minutes of the start of anaesthesia; and certain procedural rules—notably, scanning the label before each drug administration) versus conventional practice in drug administration with a manually compiled anaesthetic record. Main outcome measures Primary: composite of errors in the recording and administration of intravenous drugs detected by direct observation and by detailed reconciliation of the contents of used drug vials against recorded administrations; and lapses in responding to an intermittent visual stimulus (vigilance latency task). Secondary: outcomes in patients; analyses of anaesthetists’ tasks and assessments of workload; evaluation of the legibility of anaesthetic records; evaluation of compliance with the procedural rules of the new system; and questionnaire based ratings of the respective systems by participants. Results The overall mean rate of drug errors per 100 administrations was 9.1 (95% confidence interval 6.9 to 11.4) with the new

  12. [To explain is to narrate. How to visualize scientific data].

    PubMed

    Hawtin, Nigel

    2014-01-01

    When you try to appeal a vast ranging audience, as it occurs at the New Scientist that addresses scientists as well as the general public, your scientific visual explainer must be succinct, clear, accurate and easily understandable. In order to reach this goal, your message should provide only the main data, the ones that allow you to balance information and clarity: information should be put into context and all the extra details should be cut down. It is very important, then, to know well both your audience and the subject you are going to describe, as graphic masters of the past, like William Playfair and Charles Minard, have taught us. Moreover, you should try to engage your reader connecting the storytelling power of words and the driving force of the graphics: colours, visual elements, typography. To be effective, in fact, an infographic should not only be truthful and functional, but also elegant, having style and legibility. PMID:25072540

  13. Practical use of computerized hospital information systems to improve blood transfusion.

    PubMed

    Butch, S H

    1997-04-01

    Data collection can be enhanced with the use of computers. Care must be taken, however, to ensure that the data collected have a purpose and meet either the quality assessment needs or business functions of the transfusion service. Required data elements are frequently in several data repositories and must be merged to obtain needed information. Effective data collection may be hindered by several factors, including a lack of data elements in the computer systems, data retention limitations, and changes in the computer system or collection needs. Personal computers with commonly available spreadsheet and database management software are useful in preparing summarized reports. An ideal report is legibly printed on one side of a sheet of paper and includes graphs and charts that enhance data presentation and facilitate trend analysis. PMID:9124230

  14. Building on faults: How to represent controversies with digital methods.

    PubMed

    Venturini, Tommaso

    2012-10-01

    In a previous article in this journal, I introduced Bruno Latour's cartography of controversies and I discussed half of it, namely how to observe techno-scientific controversies. In this article I will concentrate on the remaining half: how to represent the complexity of social debates in a legible form. In my previous paper, we learnt how to explore the richness of collective existence through Actor-Network Theory. In this one, I will discuss how to render such complexity through an original visualization device: the controversy-website. Capitalizing on the potential of digital technologies, the controversy-website has been developed as a multilayered toolkit to trace and aggregate information on public debates. PMID:23832559

  15. Scoring of nonmetric cranial traits: a population study

    PubMed Central

    BRASILI, P.; ZACCAGNI, L.; GUALDI-RUSSO, E.

    1999-01-01

    The aims of the present study were: (1) to supply further knowledge about variations in nonmetric cranial traits in relation to sex, age and laterality and (2) to evaluate biological distance between samples from a recent population. The incidence of 18 nonmetric variants of the cranium were determined in 3 adult samples of 394 skulls of known sex from North Sardinia (Sassari, Alghero and Ozieri); for the Sassari sample (n = 200) age at death was also known. Some significant sex differences were observed. Age did not appear to influence the frequency of the discontinuous traits but did for legibility. Side differences may provide important information about environmental influences. The interpopulation analysis indicates a stronger relationship between samples that are geographically closer (Sassari and Alghero), in accordance with other studies, strengthening the hypothesis of the validity of the use of nonmetric traits in the study of the peopling of a territory. PMID:10634694

  16. Photocatalytic colour switching of redox dyes for ink-free light-printable rewritable paper.

    PubMed

    Wang, Wenshou; Xie, Ning; He, Le; Yin, Yadong

    2014-01-01

    The invention of paper as writing materials has greatly contributed to the development and spread of civilization. However, its large-scale production and usage have also brought significant environment and sustainability problems to modern society. To reduce paper production and consumption, it is highly desirable to develop alternative rewritable media that can be used multiple times. Herein we report the fabrication of a rewritable paper based on colour switching of commercial redox dyes using titanium oxide-assisted photocatalytic reactions. The resulting paper does not require additional inks and can be efficiently printed using ultraviolet light and erased by heating over 20 cycles without significant loss in contrast and resolution. The legibility of prints can retain over several days. We believe this rewritable paper represents an attractive alternative to regular paper in meeting the increasing global needs for sustainability and environmental protection. PMID:25463000

  17. The removal of amateur tattoos by salabrasion.

    PubMed

    Strong, A M; Jackson, I T

    1979-12-01

    Due to the recent upsurge in self-inflicted tattoos in teenagers it was decided to employ for their removal the method of salabrasion, i.e. abrasion with table salt. This technique was recently used by Manchester (1973, 1974) for the removal of commercial tattoos. Fourteen patients with twenty-eight tattoo or only tiny flecks of pigment remaining visible; eleven showed a fair response, i.e. the tatoo, although much lighter in colour, was still legible but the patient was satisfied with the result; three showed a poor response, i.e. the tattoo appeared as if untreated; four (two patients) defaulted. In general, as could be expected, the darker the tattoo the more difficult was its removal and those on fingers were particularly resistant. PMID:534615

  18. Photocatalytic colour switching of redox dyes for ink-free light-printable rewritable paper

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Wenshou; Xie, Ning; He, Le; Yin, Yadong

    2014-12-01

    The invention of paper as writing materials has greatly contributed to the development and spread of civilization. However, its large-scale production and usage have also brought significant environment and sustainability problems to modern society. To reduce paper production and consumption, it is highly desirable to develop alternative rewritable media that can be used multiple times. Herein we report the fabrication of a rewritable paper based on colour switching of commercial redox dyes using titanium oxide-assisted photocatalytic reactions. The resulting paper does not require additional inks and can be efficiently printed using ultraviolet light and erased by heating over 20 cycles without significant loss in contrast and resolution. The legibility of prints can retain over several days. We believe this rewritable paper represents an attractive alternative to regular paper in meeting the increasing global needs for sustainability and environmental protection.

  19. Found in translation: cross-cultural consensus in the accurate categorization of male sexual orientation.

    PubMed

    Rule, Nicholas O; Ishii, Keiko; Ambady, Nalini; Rosen, Katherine S; Hallett, Katherine C

    2011-11-01

    Across cultures, people converge in some behaviors and diverge in others. As little is known about the accuracy of judgments across cultures outside of the domain of emotion recognition, the present study investigated the influence of culture in another area: the social categorization of men's sexual orientations. Participants from nations varying in their acceptance of homosexuality (United States, Japan, and Spain) categorized the faces of men from all three cultures significantly better than chance guessing. Moreover, categorizations of individual faces were significantly correlated among the three groups of perceivers. Americans were significantly faster and more accurate than the Japanese and Spanish perceivers. Categorization strategies (i.e., response bias) also varied such that perceivers from cultures less accepting of homosexuality were more likely to categorize targets as straight. Male sexual orientation therefore appears to be legible across cultures. PMID:21807952

  20. Stacked graphs--geometry & aesthetics.

    PubMed

    Byron, Lee; Wattenberg, Martin

    2008-01-01

    In February 2008, the New York Times published an unusual chart of box office revenues for 7500 movies over 21 years. The chart was based on a similar visualization, developed by the first author, that displayed trends in music listening. This paper describes the design decisions and algorithms behind these graphics, and discusses the reaction on the Web. We suggest that this type of complex layered graph is effective for displaying large data sets to a mass audience. We provide a mathematical analysis of how this layered graph relates to traditional stacked graphs and to techniques such as ThemeRiver, showing how each method is optimizing a different "energy function". Finally, we discuss techniques for coloring and ordering the layers of such graphs. Throughout the paper, we emphasize the interplay between considerations of aesthetics and legibility. PMID:18988970

  1. Comparing Image-Based Methods for Assessing Visual Clutter in Generalized Maps

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Touya, G.; Decherf, B.; Lalanne, M.; Dumont, M.

    2015-08-01

    Map generalization abstracts and simplifies geographic information to derive maps at smaller scales. The automation of map generalization requires techniques to evaluate the global quality of a generalized map. The quality and legibility of a generalized map is related to the complexity of the map, or the amount of clutter in the map, i.e. the excessive amount of information and its disorganization. Computer vision research is highly interested in measuring clutter in images, and this paper proposes to compare some of the existing techniques from computer vision, applied to generalized maps evaluation. Four techniques from the literature are described and tested on a large set of maps, generalized at different scales: edge density, subband entropy, quad tree complexity, and segmentation clutter. The results are analyzed against several criteria related to generalized maps, the identification of cluttered areas, the preservation of the global amount of information, the handling of occlusions and overlaps, foreground vs background, and blank space reduction.

  2. Look-alike and sound-alike drug names: the problem and the solution.

    PubMed

    Davis, N M; Cohen, M R; Teplitsky, B

    1992-02-01

    This list of 645 pairs of look-alike and sound-alike drug names (1,290 names are shown; they are listed both ways), has been complied to graphically emphasize the importance for the pharmaceutical industry, the United States Adopted Name (USAN) Council, and Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to select new names with great care. It also stresses to health professionals the necessity of writing legibly, writing complete orders, speaking slowly and clearly when giving verbal orders, carefully reading prescription orders, knowing what is wrong with patients, maintaining records of previous drugs patients have received, and learning about new drug products. It also indicates that patients must be educated about the medications they are taking. Your cooperation in alerting the authors of names they may have overlooked or of new problems would be greatly appreciated. When a sufficient number of additions are received, an updated list will be published. PMID:10183617

  3. What Makes an Icon Effective?

    SciTech Connect

    Ng, Annie Wy; Chan, Alan Hs

    2009-01-12

    Several criteria like conspicuity, legibility, and comprehension must be met for an icon to be effective. Previous studies found that visual and cognitive features of icons have significant influence on meeting the criteria for icon effectiveness. The aim of this paper is to present a review on visual features (color, shape, size) and cognitive features (familiarity, concreteness, complexity, meaningfulness, semantic distance). The influence of these features on icon effectiveness was studied. The relationships amongst cognitive features and ways to quantify cognitive features were identified. Suggestions regarding opportunities for future research on icons were also highlighted. Such a review would be helpful in formulating research plans and methodologies for icon studies in the future. In addition, this review would facilitate graphic designers to create more user-friendly icons in various contexts.

  4. The changing brain: Neuroscience and the enduring import of everyday experience

    PubMed Central

    Martin, Paul; Cunningham-Burley, Sarah

    2015-01-01

    Discourses of ‘neuroplasticity’ have become increasingly apparent in the neurosciences and wider society. These connect with broader narratives about the ‘changing brain’ throughout the life-course. Here, we explore their presence in the talk of a range of publics. Their presence is indicative of how novel neuroscience is accepted, or not, by our participants. In particular, we suggest that any acceptance of the science relates to their personal and/or professional experiences of change (to their own or others’ subjectivities) rather than to some intrinsic and widely-held significance of scientific concepts per se. Accordingly, we also submit that it is in part through the congruence of some neuroscientific claims to everyday experiences and perspectives that the former are rendered legible and salient. In this respect, ‘lay’ knowledge has considerable import for the wider cultural authorisation of that of ‘experts’. PMID:24598481

  5. Improving the quality of operative notes by implementing a new electronic template for upper limb surgery at the Royal Derby Hospital.

    PubMed Central

    Theivendran, Kanthan; Hassan, Sami; I Clark, David

    2016-01-01

    The RCS has published clear and succinct guidelines dictating the necessity for the documentation of legible and timely surgical operative notes and exactly what should be included. A baseline study within the upper limb unit at our trust showed a 71.1% adherence with the RCS guidelines with an average delay of typing of notes after dictation was 11.6 days. This quality improvement project designed and developed a bespoke electronic surgical notes template built within an existing database driven software within the Trust. After implementation of the templates we found no delays in full operative notes being typed and a 100% adherence with the RCS guidelines. This project significantly improved the quality and timely production of electronic surgical notes within a sustainable electronic software solution. PMID:26893894

  6. Visual Analysis of Public Utility Service Problems in a Metropolis.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Jiawan; E, Yanli; Ma, Jing; Zhao, Yahui; Xu, Binghan; Sun, Liting; Chen, Jinyan; Yuan, Xiaoru

    2014-12-01

    Issues about city utility services reported by citizens can provide unprecedented insights into the various aspects of such services. Analysis of these issues can improve living quality through evidence-based decision making. However, these issues are complex, because of the involvement of spatial and temporal components, in addition to having multi-dimensional and multivariate natures. Consequently, exploring utility service problems and creating visual representations are difficult. To analyze these issues, we propose a visual analytics process based on the main tasks of utility service management. We also propose an aggregate method that transforms numerous issues into legible events and provide visualizations for events. In addition, we provide a set of tools and interaction techniques to explore such issues. Our approach enables administrators to make more informed decisions. PMID:26356898

  7. Skindeep Ulysses.

    PubMed

    Freedman, Ariela

    2008-01-01

    This essay is about Joyce as an epidermist and Joyce as a chronicler and cataloguer of the "skindeep" surfaces of Dublin in Ulysses. The book is crowded with skins: tanned skins, blushing skins, skins enhanced by makeup and creams, skins marked by race or religion, skins legible and visible, skins imagined and inaccessible and associated with both authenticity and disguise. Skin in Joyce becomes, in Steven Connor's terms, in The Book of Skin, "a place of minglings; a mingling of places," a space where medical, cultural, and aesthetic meanings jostle and intersect and are inscribed and projected on the surface that both expresses and conceals the subject. A skin-deep analysis of Ulysses can reveal to us the entanglement of surface and depth that characterizes Joyce's novel. PMID:20836270

  8. Transient Automatic Writing Behavior following a Left Inferior Capsular Genu Infarction.

    PubMed

    Suzuki, Keisuke; Miyamoto, Tomoyuki; Miyamoto, Masayuki; Hirata, Koichi

    2009-01-01

    A 79-year-old, right-handed woman was admitted to the hospital with decreased spontaneity. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed a left inferior capsular genu infarction. (99m) TC-ECD single-photon emission computed tomography revealed a left-dominant diffuse hypoperfusionin the basal ganglia and frontal lobe. The patient showed abulia and increased writing activity without motor or sensory deficit. The writing was mainly perseverative, and words written along lines were legible and without spatial distortions. This augmented writing behavior disappeared on day 21. The writing characteristic was more similar to automatic writing behavior than hypergraphia. Dissociation between speech and writing behavior was present in our patient. We suggest that a disconnection within the frontal-subcortical circuit contributed to the development of motor perseveration in writing. PMID:20847925

  9. A micro-computer program package for the computation of intraocular lens powers.

    PubMed

    Etienne, C E

    1984-05-01

    An accurate micro-computer software package has been designed to assist in the calculation of IOL powers. This program set should be able to be used on any Z80 computer with the CPM operating system. It accepts measurement data, calculates the implant powers and their estimated postoperative refractions, using the same formulas as the Binkhorst IOL Power Module used in the TI- 58C programmable calculator. The advantages are that the method of entry of data helps to eliminate the clerical errors such as number transposition and impossible value entry. The program also allows for the storage of the patient information in a disc file for future use. This can speed the search for a patient's records and help to increase the efficiency of the office. The program can be executed in much less time and with greater accuracy and legibility than is possible with the TI- 58C programs. PMID:6547223

  10. Robust binarization of degraded document images using heuristics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Parker, Jon; Frieder, Ophir; Frieder, Gideon

    2013-12-01

    Historically significant documents are often discovered with defects that make them difficult to read and analyze. This fact is particularly troublesome if the defects prevent software from performing an automated analysis. Image enhancement methods are used to remove or minimize document defects, improve software performance, and generally make images more legible. We describe an automated, image enhancement method that is input page independent and requires no training data. The approach applies to color or greyscale images with hand written script, typewritten text, images, and mixtures thereof. We evaluated the image enhancement method against the test images provided by the 2011 Document Image Binarization Contest (DIBCO). Our method outperforms all 2011 DIBCO entrants in terms of average F1 measure - doing so with a significantly lower variance than top contest entrants. The capability of the proposed method is also illustrated using select images from a collection of historic documents stored at Yad Vashem Holocaust Memorial in Israel.

  11. The Palazzo della Ragione in Padua: Representation and Communication of Art, Architecture, and Astrology of a Civic Monument

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Borgherini, M.; Garbin, E.

    2011-06-01

    Eight centuries of the history of art and of Padua's scientific and technological culture deposited on the stones and frescoes of its Palace of Law ("Palazzo della Ragione") make this great work of urban architecture a part of the city's collective identity. This "palimpsest", legible only to a restricted circle of specialists, should be accessible to a vaster public interested in understanding this object symbol of local culture. The project planned for interactive exploration on the web is a series of digital models, employing tomographic-endoscopic visualizations and, in future, multi-resolution images. The various models devised allow the visitor to superimpose the Palace's current conditions on the various transformations undergone over the centuries. Similarly, comparisons can be made between the astrological fresco cycle with maps of the heavens, cosmological hypotheses, ancient and contemporary astrological treatises, and the related exchange of knowledge between the Orient and the Occident.

  12. A Method for Place Name Display Considering User Locating Habits in Map Sites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, X. C.; Li, X.; Wang, L.; Wang, P.

    2013-11-01

    The traditional researches for cartographic lettering and display focus on conflict among labels and overlap between labels and features. But these two issues are not significant in web maps. It is worthwhile to concern about how to improve labels' readability considering user locating habits for enhancing user experience. This paper has established a new method for place name display called "the gravitational field". This method is appropriate for the display of dotted place names from the national level (approximately 1:20 million) to city level (approximately 1:250 thousand) in web maps. We have conducted a usability test which used all nationwide provincial capitals, autonomous regions, municipalities, prefecture-level cities, municipal districts, countries and part of the townships dotted names. The results show that this rule improves web map's legibility, and can significantly enhance the user experience.

  13. Josephson magnetic rotary valve

    SciTech Connect

    Soloviev, I. I.; Klenov, N. V.; Bakurskiy, S. V.; Bol'ginov, V. V.; Ryazanov, V. V.; Kupriyanov, M. Yu.; Golubov, A. A.

    2014-12-15

    We propose a control element for a Josephson spin valve. It is a complex Josephson device containing ferromagnetic (F) layer in the weak-link area consisting of two regions, representing 0 and π Josephson junctions, respectively. The valve's state is defined by mutual orientations of the F-layer magnetization vector and boundary line between 0 and π sections of the device. We consider possible implementation of the control element by introduction of a thin normal metal layer in a part of the device area. By means of theoretical simulations, we study properties of the valve's structure as well as its operation, revealing such advantages as simplicity of control, high characteristic frequency, and good legibility of the basic states.

  14. Transforming information use in preventive medicine: learning to balance technology with the art of caring.

    PubMed

    Aydin, C E; Rosen, P N; Felitti, V J

    1994-01-01

    CompuHx* is an Interactive Health Appraisal System (IHAPS) used in the examining room to record patient information, assist in diagnosis, and provide a legible summary of findings. This paper describes Phase I of a longitudinal study in which 22 examiners (five system users and 17 non-users) responded to detailed surveys and interviews about the system. Findings indicated that both users and non-users had mixed feelings about the system's ease of use and impact on their jobs, but agreed that it would have value for their practice. Underlying their acceptance of the system was a common concern for maintaining a caring relationship with patients and not allowing computer technology to depersonalize the examining room. Examiners also expressed concerns about the implementation process. PMID:7949991

  15. Clinical information systems market - an insider's view.

    PubMed

    Manjoney, Richard

    2004-12-01

    Clinical information systems that provide electronic charting and documentation have been commercially available for over 15 years. These systems provide varying degrees of automation to flowsheets, forms, notes, worklists, care plans, and medication administration records. Although there are many benefits that an electronic system brings, such as accessibility, legibility, process adherence, and data mining, the market has been slow to adopt these systems. A variety of historical factors can explain the lack of widespread system implementations. Survey data of CEOs/CIOs from the Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society (HIMSS) shows promising data that clinically oriented applications will receive high prioritization in near term planning. Will this prioritization materialize in actual implementations? Market drivers appear to be in place to predict an increase in sales and implementations. PMID:15648037

  16. "TEEB begins now": a virtual moment in the production of natural capital.

    PubMed

    MacDonald, Kenneth Iain; Corson, Catherine

    2012-01-01

    This article uses theories of virtualism to analyse the role of The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) project in the production of natural capital. Presented at the 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity, the project seeks to redress the ‘economic invisibility of nature’ by quantifying the value of ecosystems and biodiversity. This endeavour to put an economic value on ecosystems makes nature legible by abstracting it from social and ecological contexts and making it subject to, and productive of, new market devices. In reducing the complexity of ecological dynamics to idealized categories TEEB is driven by economic ideas and idealism, and, in claiming to be a quantitative force for morality, is engaged in the production of practices designed to conform the ‘real’ to the virtual. By rendering a ‘valued’ nature legible for key audiences, TEEB has mobilized a critical mass of support including modellers, policy makers and bankers. We argue that TEEB's rhetoric of crisis and value aligns capitalism with a new kind of ecological modernization in which ‘the market’ and market devices serve as key mechanisms to conform the real and the virtual. Using the case of TEEB, and drawing on data collected at COP10, we illustrate the importance of international meetings as key points where idealized models of biodiversity protection emerge, circulate and are negotiated, and as sites where actors are aligned and articulated with these idealized models in ways that begin further processes of conforming the real with the virtual and the realization of ‘natural capital’. PMID:22616123

  17. Breaking the news on mobile TV: user requirements of a popular mobile content

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Knoche, Hendrik O.; Sasse, M. Angela

    2006-02-01

    This paper presents the results from three lab-based studies that investigated different ways of delivering Mobile TV News by measuring user responses to different encoding bitrates, image resolutions and text quality. All studies were carried out with participants watching News content on mobile devices, with a total of 216 participants rating the acceptability of the viewing experience. Study 1 compared the acceptability of a 15-second video clip at different video and audio encoding bit rates on a 3G phone at a resolution of 176x144 and an iPAQ PDA (240x180). Study 2 measured the acceptability of video quality of full feature news clips of 2.5 minutes which were recorded from broadcast TV, encoded at resolutions ranging from 120x90 to 240x180, and combined with different encoding bit rates and audio qualities presented on an iPAQ. Study 3 improved the legibility of the text included in the video simulating a separate text delivery. The acceptability of News' video quality was greatly reduced at a resolution of 120x90. The legibility of text was a decisive factor in the participants' assessment of the video quality. Resolutions of 168x126 and higher were substantially more acceptable when they were accompanied by optimized high quality text compared to proportionally scaled inline text. When accompanied by high quality text TV news clips were acceptable to the vast majority of participants at resolutions as small as 168x126 for video encoding bitrates of 160kbps and higher. Service designers and operators can apply this knowledge to design a cost-effective mobile TV experience.

  18. The TONK score: a tool for assessing quality in trauma and orthopaedic note-keeping

    PubMed Central

    Khan, Zeeshan; Sayers, Adele E.; Khattak, Mohammad Usman; Chambers, Iain Richard

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Medical case notes are the only lasting interpretation of a patient-physician interaction and are important for good quality patient care. Accurate, legible and contemporaneous note-keeping is important however it can be substandard. This can lead to errors in handover of patients and to medicolegal vulnerability. We present a comprehensive auditing tool for Trauma & Orthopaedics medical case notes and our experience in using it over the last 12 months. Patients and Methods: The TONK score was developed from a pre-existing system with some additions for Trauma & Orthopaedic case notes, with the incorporation of a legibility scoring system. An initial audit was carried out evaluating the case notes for each team against the TONK score. In order to evaluate the reproducibility of this score, we employed the Cohen’s Kappa coefficient and noted substantial agreement. The individual team scores were analysed and the audit cycle completed four months later with the provision of feedback. Results: Our first audit revealed a mean of 81 with a range from 70 to 90. Subsequent audits over the next two quarters revealed mean scores in excess of 90. Significant improvement has been noted in all areas of documentation and it has been decided to conduct this audit every six months in our department. Conclusions: The TONK score is an easy, quick and reproducible tool, which aims to eliminate the weaknesses in Trauma & Orthopaedic medical note-keeping. It emphasises the medicolegal importance of accurate medical note-keeping to doctors at all levels of training. PMID:27163084

  19. Improving Documentation and Communication Using Operative Note Proformas

    PubMed Central

    Mahapatra, Piyush; ieong, edmund

    2016-01-01

    Accurate and detailed documentation of surgical procedures is part of good clinical practice, set out by the General Medical Council (GMC). Knee arthroscopy often involves large data sets which require accurate documentation for future assessment and management. This study assesses the quality of documentation of knee arthroscopy, followed by an evaluation of the implementation of a novel operative proforma. A review of 30 consecutive knee arthroscopy operation notes were analysed for missing information, set against a standardised 30 point criteria. An operation proforma was then introduced, and a further 30 consecutive knee arthroscopy operation notes were analysed. We evaluated allied health professional satisfaction with a Likert point scale survey of 21 allied healthcare professionals (recovery and ward nurses, and physiotherapists) following introduction of the proforma. The mean number of missing items on a 30 point scale was 8.8 (range 0 to 23). Examination under anaesthesia was missed in 43% of cases, tourniquet time in 37% of cases, and wear results in 17% of cases. Following introduction of the proforma, the mean number of missing items was 1.1 (range 0 to 24; p <0.001). This rose to 3.8 after one year (p <0.001) before improvement to 0.7 (p <0.01) with a new and improved proforma. Eighty percent strongly agreed the operation note was clearer, 90% strongly agreed it was more legible, 90% strongly agreed it was more understandable, 50% strongly agreed there was more information recorded, and 100% strongly agreed on the proforma having been improved. Knee arthroscopy is a common procedure with large data sets, which can often be missed or incomplete. A standardised proforma results in a statistically significant improvement in documentation and reduces the incidence of missing information. They are subjectively clearer, more legible, and generally better compared with handwritten notes. This study demonstrates the improvements in healthcare documentation

  20. Improving Documentation and Communication Using Operative Note Proformas.

    PubMed

    Mahapatra, Piyush; Ieong, Edmund

    2016-01-01

    Accurate and detailed documentation of surgical procedures is part of good clinical practice, set out by the General Medical Council (GMC). Knee arthroscopy often involves large data sets which require accurate documentation for future assessment and management. This study assesses the quality of documentation of knee arthroscopy, followed by an evaluation of the implementation of a novel operative proforma. A review of 30 consecutive knee arthroscopy operation notes were analysed for missing information, set against a standardised 30 point criteria. An operation proforma was then introduced, and a further 30 consecutive knee arthroscopy operation notes were analysed. We evaluated allied health professional satisfaction with a Likert point scale survey of 21 allied healthcare professionals (recovery and ward nurses, and physiotherapists) following introduction of the proforma. The mean number of missing items on a 30 point scale was 8.8 (range 0 to 23). Examination under anaesthesia was missed in 43% of cases, tourniquet time in 37% of cases, and wear results in 17% of cases. Following introduction of the proforma, the mean number of missing items was 1.1 (range 0 to 24; p <0.001). This rose to 3.8 after one year (p <0.001) before improvement to 0.7 (p <0.01) with a new and improved proforma. Eighty percent strongly agreed the operation note was clearer, 90% strongly agreed it was more legible, 90% strongly agreed it was more understandable, 50% strongly agreed there was more information recorded, and 100% strongly agreed on the proforma having been improved. Knee arthroscopy is a common procedure with large data sets, which can often be missed or incomplete. A standardised proforma results in a statistically significant improvement in documentation and reduces the incidence of missing information. They are subjectively clearer, more legible, and generally better compared with handwritten notes. This study demonstrates the improvements in healthcare documentation

  1. Acceleration display system for aircraft zero-gravity research

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Millis, Marc G.

    1987-01-01

    The features, design, calibration, and testing of Lewis Research Center's acceleration display system for aircraft zero-gravity research are described. Specific circuit schematics and system specifications are included as well as representative data traces from flown trajectories. Other observations learned from developing and using this system are mentioned where appropriate. The system, now a permanent part of the Lewis Learjet zero-gravity program, provides legible, concise, and necessary guidance information enabling pilots to routinely fly accurate zero-gravity trajectories. Regular use of this system resulted in improvements of the Learjet zero-gravity flight techniques, including a technique to minimize later accelerations. Lewis Gates Learjet trajectory data show that accelerations can be reliably sustained within 0.01 g for 5 consecutive seconds, within 0.02 g for 7 consecutive seconds, and within 0.04 g for up to 20 second. Lewis followed the past practices of acceleration measurement, yet focussed on the acceleration displays. Refinements based on flight experience included evolving the ranges, resolutions, and frequency responses to fit the pilot and the Learjet responses.

  2. Reflexive and voluntary control of smooth eye movements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mulligan, Jeffrey B.; Stevenson, Scott B.; Cormack, Lawrence K.

    2013-03-01

    An understanding of visually evoked smooth eye movements is required to predict the visibility and legibility of moving displays, such as might be encountered in vehicles like aircraft and automobiles. We have studied the response of the oculomotor system to various classes of visual stimuli, and analyzed the results separately for horizontal and vertical version (in which the two eyes move together), and horizontal and vertical vergence (where they move in opposite directions). Of the four types of motion, only vertical vergence cannot be performed under voluntary control, and certain stimuli (all having relatively long latencies) are incapable of evoking it. In another experiment, we instructed observers to track one of two targets, and measured weak but reliable responses to the unattended target, in which the long-latency component of the response is abolished. Our results are consistent with a system containing two distinct processes, a fast reflexive process which responds to a restricted class of stimuli, and a slower voluntary process capable of following anything that can be seen, but incapable of controlling vertical vergence.

  3. Alliances in Human Biology: The Harvard Committee on Industrial Physiology, 1929-1939.

    PubMed

    Oakes, Jason

    2015-08-01

    In 1929 the newly-reorganized Rockefeller Foundation funded the work of a cross-disciplinary group at Harvard University called the Committee on Industrial Physiology (CIP). The committee's research and pedagogical work was oriented towards different things for different members of the alliance. The CIP program included a research component in the Harvard Fatigue Laboratory and Elton May's interpretation of the Hawthorne Studies; a pedagogical aspect as part of Wallace Donham's curriculum for Harvard Business School; and Lawrence Henderson's work with the Harvard Pareto Circle, his course Sociology 23, and the Harvard Society of Fellows. The key actors within the CIP alliance shared a concern with training men for elite careers in government service, business leadership, and academic prominence. But the first communications between the CIP and the Rockefeller Foundation did not emphasize training in human biology. Instead, the CIP presented itself as a coordinating body that would be able to organize all the varied work going on at Harvard that did not fit easily into one department, and it was on this basis that the CIP became legible to the President of Harvard, A. Lawrence Lowell, and to Rockefeller's Division of Social Sciences. The members of the CIP alliance used the term human biology for this project of research, training and institutional coordination. PMID:26024783

  4. Legal medical consideration of Alzheimer’s disease patients’ dysgraphia and cognitive dysfunction: a 6 month follow up

    PubMed Central

    Onofri, Emanuela; Mercuri, Marco; Archer, Trevor; Rapp-Ricciardi, Max; Ricci, Serafino

    2016-01-01

    Background The purpose of this study was to investigate the ability of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) patients to express intentions and desires, and their decision-making capacity. This study examines the findings from a 6-month follow-up of our previous results in which 30 patients participated. Materials and methods The patient’s cognition was examined by conducting the tests of 14 questions and letter-writing ability over a period of 19 days, and it was repeated after 6 months. The difference between these two cognitive measures (PQ1 before–PQ2 before), tested previously and later the writing test, was designated DΔ before. The test was repeated after 6 months, and PQ1 after–PQ2 after was designated DΔ after. Results Several markedly strong relationships between dysgraphia and other measures of cognitive performance in AD patients were observed. The most aged patients (over 86 years), despite less frequency, maintain the cognitive capacity manifested in the graphic expressions. A document, written by an AD patient presents an honest expression of the patient’s intention if that document is legible, clear, and comprehensive. Conclusion The identification of impairment/deficits in writing and cognition during different phases of AD may facilitate the understanding of disease progression and identify the occasions during which the patient may be considered sufficiently lucid to make decisions. PMID:27022252

  5. Technique based on LED multispectral imaging and multivariate analysis for monitoring the conservation state of the Dead Sea Scrolls.

    PubMed

    Marengo, Emilio; Manfredi, Marcello; Zerbinati, Orfeo; Robotti, Elisa; Mazzucco, Eleonora; Gosetti, Fabio; Bearman, Greg; France, Fenella; Shor, Pnina

    2011-09-01

    The aim of this project is the development of a noninvasive technique based on LED multispectral imaging (MSI) for monitoring the conservation state of the Dead Sea Scrolls (DSS) collection. It is well-known that changes in the parchment reflectance drive the transition of the scrolls from legible to illegible. Capitalizing on this fact, we will use spectral imaging to detect changes in the reflectance before they become visible to the human eye. The technique uses multivariate analysis and statistical process control theory. The present study was carried out on a "sample" parchment of calfskin. The monitoring of the surface of a commercial modern parchment aged consecutively for 2 h and 6 h at 80 °C and 50% relative humidity (ASTM) was performed at the Imaging Lab of the Library of Congress (Washington, DC, U.S.A.). MSI is here carried out in the vis-NIR range limited to 1 μm, with a number of bands of 13 and bandwidths that range from about 10 nm in UV to 40 nm in IR. Results showed that we could detect and locate changing pixels, on the basis of reflectance changes, after only a few "hours" of aging. PMID:21777009

  6. JAFA: a protein function annotation meta-server

    PubMed Central

    Friedberg, Iddo; Harder, Tim; Godzik, Adam

    2006-01-01

    With the high number of sequences and structures streaming in from genomic projects, there is a need for more powerful and sophisticated annotation tools. Most problematic of the annotation efforts is predicting gene and protein function. Over the past few years there has been considerable progress in automated protein function prediction, using a diverse set of methods. Nevertheless, no single method reports all the information possible, and molecular biologists resort to ‘shopping around’ using different methods: a cumbersome and time-consuming practice. Here we present the Joined Assembly of Function Annotations, or JAFA server. JAFA queries several function prediction servers with a protein sequence and assembles the returned predictions in a legible, non-redundant format. In this manner, JAFA combines the predictions of several servers to provide a comprehensive view of what are the predicted functions of the proteins. JAFA also offers its own output, and the individual programs' predictions for further processing. JAFA is available for use from . PMID:16845030

  7. Electronic forms: benefits drawbacks of a World Wide Web-based approach to data entry.

    PubMed Central

    Luxenberg, S. N.; DuBois, D. D.; Fraley, C. G.; Hamburgh, R. R.; Huang, X. L.; Clayton, P. D.

    1997-01-01

    It has long been realized that, compared to paper-based records, electronic record systems provide many advantages in the healthcare environment, including increased availability, improved legibility, long-term accessibility, (potentially) greater completeness, data encoding, and automated decision support and analysis. In spite of these recognized benefits, collection of patient data at the point of service generally does not occur, in large part because each such effort usually requires application-specific software and hardware, and, most significantly, provider time. Given the presence of WWW browsers now available on nearly every desktop, the support and access concerns for data entry applications can be substantially lessened. Despite these advantages, there are also downsides to the use of the WWW for data entry, including user interface issues and security. At CPMC, we are currently using web-based forms to gather patient charge data from physical and occupational therapists. Benefits of this approach have included a 98.2% user compliance rate for at least weekly data entry, and the reduction of charge posting from an average of 24.3 days to 2.3 days following the date of service. Drawbacks to WWW-based applications have included increased security exposure and persistent human tendencies to enter data in batches rather than at the time of service. A final conclusion was that, in the absence of a strong central mandate, providers must perceive a clear benefit in order to be willing to learn and use a new technology. PMID:9357736

  8. Report on Management Controls Over the Licensing Support Network for the Yucca Mountain Repository

    SciTech Connect

    2004-05-31

    The Department identified a number of steps that had to be accomplished prior to making its documents available on the Network. Initially, relevant documents have to be identified and captured from each of its organizations and contractors. Then, the documents must be reviewed for legibility; a bibliographic header must be added; and each document has to be screened to ensure that sensitive unclassified, Privacy Act, or privileged information is not released to the public. Once relevant documents are processed through these steps, they are posted to the Department's website. Once posted to the Department's website, the documents will be made available for indexing by the NRC. The NRC will then search the information for key words and build indices into the Network. After indexing is complete, the documents will be available to the public. Although the Department plans to submit its license application in December 2004, the NRC will not begin the license application proceedings unless all documents are available for public review through the Network for at least six months.

  9. Intelligibility in microbial complex systems: Wittgenstein and the score of life

    PubMed Central

    Baquero, Fernando; Moya, Andrés

    2012-01-01

    Knowledge in microbiology is reaching an extreme level of diversification and complexity, which paradoxically results in a strong reduction in the intelligibility of microbial life. In our days, the “score of life” metaphor is more accurate to express the complexity of living systems than the classic “book of life.” Music and life can be represented at lower hierarchical levels by music scores and genomic sequences, and such representations have a generational influence in the reproduction of music and life. If music can be considered as a representation of life, such representation remains as unthinkable as life itself. The analysis of scores and genomic sequences might provide mechanistic, phylogenetic, and evolutionary insights into music and life, but not about their real dynamics and nature, which is still maintained unthinkable, as was proposed by Wittgenstein. As complex systems, life or music is composed by thinkable and only showable parts, and a strategy of half-thinking, half-seeing is needed to expand knowledge. Complex models for complex systems, based on experiences on trans-hierarchical integrations, should be developed in order to provide a mixture of legibility and imageability of biological processes, which should lead to higher levels of intelligibility of microbial life. PMID:22919679

  10. Assessing the impact of typeface design in a text-rich automotive user interface

    PubMed Central

    Reimer, Bryan; Mehler, Bruce; Dobres, Jonathan; Coughlin, Joseph F.; Matteson, Steve; Gould, David; Chahine, Nadine; Levantovsky, Vladimir

    2014-01-01

    Text-rich driver–vehicle interfaces are increasingly common in new vehicles, yet the effects of different typeface characteristics on task performance in this brief off-road based glance context remains sparsely examined. Subjects completed menu selection tasks while in a driving simulator. Menu text was set either in a ‘humanist’ or ‘square grotesque’ typeface. Among men, use of the humanist typeface resulted in a 10.6% reduction in total glance time as compared to the square grotesque typeface. Total response time and number of glances showed similar reductions. The impact of typeface was either more modest or not apparent for women. Error rates for both males and females were 3.1% lower for the humanist typeface. This research suggests that optimised typefaces may mitigate some interface demands. Future work will need to assess whether other typeface characteristics can be optimised to further reduce demand, improve legibility, increase usability and help meet new governmental distraction guidelines. Practitioner Summary: Text-rich in-vehicle interfaces are increasingly common, but the effects of typeface on task performance remain sparsely studied. We show that among male drivers, menu selection tasks are completed with 10.6% less visual glance time when text is displayed in a ‘humanist’ typeface, as compared to a ‘square grotesque’. PMID:25075429

  11. [The story of oxygen (2)].

    PubMed

    Marini, F; Radin, S; Tenchini, P

    1985-04-01

    The authors, in this second part of the oxygen story, resolutely cross the borders of the biophysical field, and face the origins and becoming of life, the stages of which are synthesized in "casket" terms, unusual for surgeons: "protobionts", "procariots", "cyanobacteria", "chlorophyll", "caroteonides", "fermentation", "anaerobic glycolysis", "eucariots", "respiratory chain", "mitocondria". This is not an unconventional biological exercise, but the effort to give clinics a more legible ground, a sort of common denominator of the most different pathologies, and, among these ones, at the first place, just those of the specialistic branch, also less frequenter of biology, that is, surgery. This common denominator, the oxygen radicals represent the emerging apex of, like the peak of an iceberg, in fact, can be only investigated through an exasperated "philogenetic" recovering. Such process of "archaeology" seems to be the only suitable to supply us the cipher-key of the ambiguous, shifty character of oxygen, and entrust us with a cultural patrimony being unique as it is spendable in an immediate clinical future. PMID:4017137

  12. Creating Low Vision and Nonvisual Instructions for Diabetes Technology: An Empirically Validated Process

    PubMed Central

    Williams, Ann S.

    2012-01-01

    Introduction Nearly 20% of the adults with diagnosed diabetes in the United States also have visual impairment. Many individuals in this group perform routine diabetes self-management tasks independently, often using technology that was not specifically designed for use by people with visual impairment (e.g., insulin pumps and pens). Equitable care for persons with disabilities requires providing instructions in formats accessible for nonreaders. However, instructions in accessible formats, such as recordings, braille, or digital documents that are legible to screen readers, are seldom available. Method This article includes a summary of existing guidelines for creating accessible documents. The guidelines are followed by a description of the production of accessible nonvisual instructions for use of insulin pens used in a study of dosing accuracy. The study results indicate that the instructions were used successfully by 40 persons with visual impairment. Discussion and Conclusions Instructions in accessible formats can increase access to the benefits of diabetes technology for persons with visual impairment. Recorded instructions may also be useful to sighted persons who do not read well, such as those with dyslexia, low literacy, or who use English as a second language. Finally, they may have important benefits for fully sighted people who find it easier to learn to use technology by handling the equipment while listening to instructions. Manufacturers may also benefit from marketing to an increased pool of potential users. PMID:22538133

  13. Weighing the evidence: risks and benefits of participatory documentary in corporatized clinics.

    PubMed

    Hansen, Helena

    2013-12-01

    This paper describes the effects of one U.S.-based public psychiatry clinic's shift to a centralized, corporate style of management, in response to pressures to cut expenditures by focusing on "evidence based" treatments. Participant observation research conducted between 2008 and 2012 for a larger study involving 127 interviews with policy makers, clinic managers, clinical practitioners and patients revealed that the shift heralded the decline of arts based therapies in the clinic, and of the social networks that had developed around them. It also inspired a participatory video self-documentary project among art group members, to portray the importance of arts-based therapies and garner public support for such therapies. Group members found a way to take action in the face of unilateral decision making, but experienced subsequent restrictions on clinic activities and discharge of core members from the clinic. The paper ends with a discussion of biopolitics, central legibility through corporate standardization, and the potential and risks of participatory documentaries to resist these trends. PMID:23932854

  14. The ‘Morbid Anatomy’ of the Human Genome: Tracing the Observational and Representational Approaches of Postwar Genetics and Biomedicine The William Bynum Prize Essay

    PubMed Central

    Hogan, Andrew J.

    2014-01-01

    This paper explores evolving conceptions and depictions of the human genome among human and medical geneticists during the postwar period. Historians of science and medicine have shown significant interest in the use of informational approaches in postwar genetics, which treat the genome as an expansive digital data set composed of three billion DNA nucleotides. Since the 1950s, however, geneticists have largely interacted with the human genome at the microscopically visible level of chromosomes. Mindful of this, I examine the observational and representational approaches of postwar human and medical genetics. During the 1970s and 1980s, the genome increasingly came to be understood as, at once, a discrete part of the human anatomy and a standardised scientific object. This paper explores the role of influential medical geneticists in recasting the human genome as being a visible, tangible, and legible entity, which was highly relevant to traditional medical thinking and practice. I demonstrate how the human genome was established as an object amenable to laboratory and clinical research, and argue that the observational and representational approaches of postwar medical genetics reflect, more broadly, the interdisciplinary efforts underlying the development of contemporary biomedicine. PMID:25045177

  15. Anesthesia recordkeeping: accuracy of recall with computerized and manual entry recordkeeping.

    PubMed

    Davis, Thomas Corey; Green, Jeffrey A; Colquhoun, Alexander; Hage, Brenda L; Biddle, Chuck

    2012-06-01

    Anesthesia information management systems (AIMS) are rapidly gaining widespread acceptance. Aggressively promoted as an improvement to manual-entry recordkeeping systems (MERS) in the areas of accuracy, quality improvement, billing and vigilance, these systems record all patient vital signs and parameters, providing a legible hard copy and permanent electronic record. Concern exists that the practitioner may be less vigilant unless this data is recorded manually. This study's purpose was to determine if vigilance, as measured by the ability to recall important data, is influenced by the method of recordkeeping. This study analyzed differences in the accuracy of Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists' (CRNAs) recall of specific patient variables during the course of an actual anesthetic case. CRNAs using AIMS were compared to CRNAs using MERS. Accuracy of recalled values of 10 patient variables was measured: highest and lowest values for heart rate, systolic blood pressure, inspiratory pressure, and end-tidal carbon dioxide levels, lowest oxygen saturation and total fluid volume. Four tertiary care facilities participated in this research; two of which used MERS, two utilized AIMS. A total of 214 subjects participated in this study; 106 in the computerized recordkeeping group, and 108 in the manual entry recordkeeping group. Demographic covariates were analyzed to ensure homogeneity between groups and facilities. No significant statistical differences were identified between the accuracy of recall among the groups. There was no difference in the accuracy of practitioners' recall of patient variables when using computerized or manual entry recordkeeping systems, suggesting little impact on vigilance. PMID:22426831

  16. Reading the Small Print – Labelling Recommendations for Orthopaedic Implants

    PubMed Central

    Haene, Roger A; Sandhu, Ranbir S; Baxandall, Richard

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION There exist, currently, no clear guidelines regarding standards for surgical implant labelling. Dimensions of the laminar flow canopies in orthopaedic use fixes the distance at which implant labels can be read. Mistakes when reading the label on an implant box can pose health risks for patients, and financial consequences for medical institutions. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Using scientifically validated tools such as the Snellen Chart Formula, a theoretical minimum standard for text on implant labels was reached. This theoretical standard was then tested under real operating conditions. After discovering a minimum practical standard for implant labels, the authors then audited current labels in use on a wide range of orthopaedic implant packages. Furthermore, other non-text-related labelling problems were also noted. RESULTS There is a definite minimum standard which should be observed when implant labels are manufactured. Implants in current use bear labels on the packaging that are of an insufficient standard to ensure patient safety in theatre. CONCLUSIONS The authors have established text parameters that will increase the legibility of implant labels. In the interests of improving risk management in theatre, therefore, the authors propose a standard for orthopaedic implant labelling, and believe this will provide a useful foundation for further discussion between the orthopaedic community and implant manufacturers. PMID:19686615

  17. Compliance update--valid types of signatures in this modern era.

    PubMed

    Hammon, Marilyn

    2005-05-01

    Proper signatures in the medical record is an area of concern because they are included in the Office of Inspector General (OIG) Compliance Guidance as a potential risk area effecting physician practices. One of the four areas identified by OIG is timely, accurate and complete documentation, which includes "date and legible identity of the observer." Federal auditors deny claims and require refunds if signatures are omitted from documentation of services. The vision of the current President is for all Americans to have Electronic Health Records (EHR) within a decade; this implies a growing use of electronic signatures. What constitutes a valid signature, and what regulations affect the use and type of signature? Businesses require signatures on many forms and documents. However, what if a check is not signed; can it be cashed? If a contract is not signed, is it binding? Similarly, if the medical record is not signed, will it withstand scrutiny in court? What is the significance of a signature? How important is it to authenticate or sign a report? To authenticate means to verify that the message/report comes from its stated source; therefore the author stands behind the documentation as written. The type of signature that is acceptable is variable, depending on the facility and the form payer requires. PMID:15948577

  18. Weighing the evidence: Risks and benefits of participatory documentary in corporatized clinics

    PubMed Central

    Hansen, Helena

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes the effects of one U.S.-based public psychiatry clinic’s shift to a centralized, corporate style of management, in response to pressures to cut expenditures by focusing on “evidence based” treatments. Participant observation research conducted between 2008 and 2012 for a larger study involving 127 interviews with policy makers, clinic managers, clinical practitioners and patients revealed that the shift heralded the decline of arts based therapies in the clinic, and of the social networks that had developed around them. It also inspired a participatory video self-documentary project among art group members, to portray the importance of arts-based therapies and garner public support for such therapies. Group members found a way to take action in the face of unilateral decision making, but experienced subsequent restrictions on clinic activities and discharge of core members from the clinic. The paper ends with a discussion of biopolitics, central legibility through corporate standardization, and the potential and risks of participatory documentaries to resist these trends. PMID:23932854

  19. The effect of turbulence model variation on flame propagation in a particular 4-valve engine combustion chamber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jovanovic, Z.; Masonicic, Z.

    2012-11-01

    In this paper some initial results concerning the evolution of flame propagation in 4-valve engines with tilted valves were presented. Results were obtained by dint of multidimensional modeling of reactive flows in arbitrary geometry with moving boundaries. During induction fluid flow pattern was characterized with organized tumble motion followed by small but clearly legible deterioration in the vicinity of BDC. During compression the fluid flow pattern is entirely three-dimensional and fully controlled by vortex motion located in the central part of the chamber. The effect of turbulence model variation on flame propagation was tackled as well. Namely, some results obtained with eddy-viscosity model i.e. standard k-ɛ model were compared with results obtained with k-ξ-f model of turbulence in domain of 4-valve engine in-cylinder flow. Some interesting results emerged rendering impetus for further quest in the near future. In the case of combustion all differences ensuing from turbulence model variation, encountered in the case of non-reactive flow were annihilated entirely. Namely the interplay between fluid flow pattern and flame propagation is invariant as regards both turbulence models applied.

  20. Enamel-based mark performance for marking Chinese mystery snail Bellamya chinensis

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Wong, Alec; Allen, Craig R.; Hart, Noelle M.; Haak, Danielle M.; Pope, Kevin L.; Smeenk, Nicholas A.; Stephen, Bruce J.; Uden, Daniel R.

    2013-01-01

    The exoskeleton of gastropods provides a convenient surface for carrying marks, and i the interest of improving future marking methods our laboratory assessed the performance of an enamel paint. The endurance of the paint was also compared to other marking methods assessed in the past. We marked the shells of 30 adult Chinese mystery snails Bellamya chinensis and held them in an aquarium for 181 days. We observed no complete degradation of any enamel-paint mark during the 181 days. The enamel-paint mark was superior to a nai;-polish mark, which lasted a median of 100 days. Enamel-paint marks also have a lower rate of loss (0.00 month-1 181 days) than plastic bee tags (0.01 month-1, 57 days), gouache paint (0.07 month-1, 18.5 days), or car body paint from studies found in scientific literature. Legibility of enamel-paint marks had a median lifetime of 102 days. The use of enamel paint on the shells of gastropods is a viable option for studies lasting up to 6 months. Furthermore, visits to capture-mark-recapture site 1 year after application of enamel-paint marks on B. chinesnis shells produced several individuals on which the enamel paint was still visible, although further testing is required to clarify durability over longer periods.

  1. MetaTreeMap: An Alternative Visualization Method for Displaying Metagenomic Phylogenic Trees

    PubMed Central

    Taylor, Todd D.

    2016-01-01

    Metagenomic samples can contain hundreds or thousands of different species. The most common method to identify these species is to sequence the samples and then classify the reads to nodes along a phylogenic tree. Linear representations of trees with so many nodes face legibility issues. In addition, such views are not optimal for appreciating the read quantity assigned to each node. The problem is exaggerated when comparison between multiple samples is needed. MetaTreeMap adapts a visualization method that addresses these weaknesses. The tree is represented by nested rectangles that illustrate the number or percentage of assigned reads. MetaTreeMap implements various options specific to phylogenic trees that allow for quick overview and investigation of the information. More generally, the goal of this software is to provide the user with the ability to easily display phylogenic trees based on various quantities assigned to the nodes, such as read number, percentage or other values. The tool can be used online at http://metasystems.riken.jp/visualization/treemap/. PMID:27336370

  2. New frontiers for diagnostic testing: taking advantage of forces changing health care.

    PubMed

    Allawi, S J; Hill, B T; Shah, N R

    1998-01-01

    The transformation of the health-care industry holds great economic potential for laboratory diagnostic testing providers who understand the five market forces driving change and who are shaping their own roles in the emerging market. Because of these trends, provider-based laboratories (PBLs) are competing with independent laboratories (ILs) for the latter's traditional client base--outpatients and nonpatients. PBLs will continue to service acute care patients while becoming more IL-like in logistics, sales, customer service, and marketing. Forced to compete on price, ILs have engaged in mega-mergers and will try to break into acute care via joint ventures. The ILs will need to choose their markets carefully, solidly integrate with parent organizations, and find ways to be profit centers. Consumers' demands also are forcing change. Consumers want accurate, legible bills and simplified eligibility determination and registration. They want an emphasis on prevention and wellness, which means that diagnostic testing must address early identification and monitoring of high-risk groups. To realize cost-efficiencies under whole-life capitation, laboratory networks must be part of a completely integrated health-care system. The laboratory of the future will be multicentered, without walls, and with quick access to information through technology. PMID:10178702

  3. IBA analysis of a laser cleaned archaeological metal object: The San Esteban de Gormaz cross (Soria-Spain)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zucchiatti, A.; Gutiérrez Neira, P. C.; Climent-Font, A.; Escudero, C.; Barrera, M.

    2011-12-01

    The object under study, a 12th century gilded copper cross with a wooden core, now almost disappeared, shows the typical features produced by a long burial time: the entire surface of the copper alloys is covered by several layers of degradation products, which hinder the "legibility" of the cross in terms of the original materials and manufacturing techniques employed. In its cleaning several techniques have been applied and compared (dry and wet laser ablation, mechanical ablation, ultrasound brush). In the intermediate cleaning phase the cross has been extensively analysed with the external proton micro-beam of the Centro de Micro-Análisis de Materiales (CMAM) of the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. PIXE and RBS techniques have been used in parallel, to asses both the chemical composition and the layered structure of cleaned and original parts with the aim of verifying that none of the object structural features are being modified by the cleaning process leaving intact the possibility of artistic interpretation of the object (e.g. small series production of the cross elements). The recovery of this exceptional ornamental object is made possible by the coordinated work of several professionals coming from various disciplines and aimed at establishing the importance of this cross in terms of its physical appearance and in terms of the manufacturing techniques.

  4. A high brightness field emission display

    SciTech Connect

    Palevsky, A.

    1996-12-31

    The military requirement for avionics display performance requires that displays be legible with 10,000 foot-candles (fc) bright light shining into the pilot`s eyes, or 10,000 fc shining directly on the display. The contrast ratio under these conditions must be at least 4.66:1. In addition, instant-on operation is sought for temperatures as low as {minus}54 C. Currently these specifications can barely be met by monochrome CRTs whose use is counter-indicated by other factors. No color display can achieve optimum performance in the areas mentioned, nor do any current contenders, primarily AMLCD`s, have any prospects of achieving full compliance. The FED being developed by Raytheon shows strong promise of being able to achieve the brightness and contrast ratios desired. The FED is also inherently able to provide instant-on functionality at any terrestrial temperature and does not require any heating at low temperatures. The technical objective of the Raytheon development program is to develop a high performance, full color, FED Panel that meets the performance and environmental operating condition requirements specified for military and other high performance display applications.

  5. Insyght: navigating amongst abundant homologues, syntenies and gene functional annotations in bacteria, it's that symbol!

    PubMed Central

    Lacroix, Thomas; Loux, Valentin; Gendrault, Annie; Hoebeke, Mark; Gibrat, Jean-François

    2014-01-01

    High-throughput techniques have considerably increased the potential of comparative genomics whilst simultaneously posing many new challenges. One of those challenges involves efficiently mining the large amount of data produced and exploring the landscape of both conserved and idiosyncratic genomic regions across multiple genomes. Domains of application of these analyses are diverse: identification of evolutionary events, inference of gene functions, detection of niche-specific genes or phylogenetic profiling. Insyght is a comparative genomic visualization tool that combines three complementary displays: (i) a table for thoroughly browsing amongst homologues, (ii) a comparator of orthologue functional annotations and (iii) a genomic organization view designed to improve the legibility of rearrangements and distinctive loci. The latter display combines symbolic and proportional graphical paradigms. Synchronized navigation across multiple species and interoperability between the views are core features of Insyght. A gene filter mechanism is provided that helps the user to build a biologically relevant gene set according to multiple criteria such as presence/absence of homologues and/or various annotations. We illustrate the use of Insyght with scenarios. Currently, only Bacteria and Archaea are supported. A public instance is available at http://genome.jouy.inra.fr/Insyght. The tool is freely downloadable for private data set analysis. PMID:25249626

  6. Message development for surface markers at the Hanford Radwaste Disposal sites

    SciTech Connect

    Kaplan, M.F.

    1984-12-31

    At the Hanford Reservation in Washington, there are sites which received liquid and solid transuranic wastes from the late 1940`s until 1970. Rockwell Hanford Operations (Rockwell) is investigating the feasibility of several options for the permanent disposal of these wastes. One option is to stabilize the wastes in their present locations and to add barriers to minimize water infiltration and root penetration into the wastes. This report forms part of the project to develop a marking system for transuranic wastes on the Hanford Reservation. The focus of this report is the development of the message system to appear on the surface markers. A logical framework is developed to deduce what is required by the message system. Alternatives for each message component are evaluated and justification is provided for the choice of each component. The components are then laid out on the surface marker to provide a legible, comprehensible message system. The surface markers are tall, standing monoliths which ring the perimeter of each disposal area. Based on the logical framework, it is recommended that three domains of representation -- symbols, pictures, and language -- be used in the message system. The warning symbol chosen for the message system is the radiation trefoil. Two other options were considered, including the warning symbol developed by the Human Interference Task Force for a high-level waste repository. The trefoil was preferred because of the widespread usage and international acceptance which is already enjoys.

  7. Thermal infrared anomaly indicating unformed strong earthquake sequences

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yao, Qinglin; Qiang, Zuji

    2015-01-01

    By processing and analyzing many satellite remote sensing images in infrared channels, we found visual evidence indicating earthquake sequences. In a sequence, large earthquakes could migrate thousands of kilometers along a linear route from one land mass to another, and infrared anomalies also cover these land masses. The sequence has at least two types: (1) quakes alternately occurring at two ends of a belt, or (2) quakes progressively migrating along a far-flung route. The former can be foreshowed in a single infrared belt with a legible directed structure and higher brightness temperature; the latter can be identified in advance from the shift, veer, and deformation of more areas with a higher brightness temperature. The thermal infrared anomalies with a shorter duration are used to predict the quake-sequence evolving in a longer period. Two sorts of sequences can meet and form a more complex structure that can also be shown in advance by an anomalous infrared area. These studies on the seismic sequences will provide a potent means for analyzing earthquake-pregnant fields and estimating the location of unformed earthquake sequences.

  8. Evidence-based diagnosis and treatment for specific learning disabilities involving impairments in written and/or oral language.

    PubMed

    Berninger, Virginia W; May, Maggie O'Malley

    2011-01-01

    Programmatic, multidisciplinary research provided converging brain, genetic, and developmental support for evidence-based diagnoses of three specific learning disabilities based on hallmark phenotypes (behavioral expression of underlying genotypes) with treatment relevance: dysgraphia (impaired legible automatic letter writing, orthographic coding, and finger sequencing), dyslexia (impaired pseudoword reading, spelling, phonological and orthographic coding, rapid automatic naming, and executive functions; inhibition and rapid automatic switching), and oral and written language learning disability (same impairments as dyslexia plus morphological and syntactic coding and comprehension). Two case studies illustrate how these differential diagnoses can be made within a conceptual framework of a working memory architecture and generate treatment plans that transformed treatment nonresponders into treatment responders. Findings are discussed in reference to the importance of (a) considering individual differences (diagnosis of impaired hallmark phenotypes) in planning and evaluating response to instruction and modifying instruction when a student is not responding; (b) recognizing that teaching may change epigenetic gene expression at one stage of schooling, but not the underlying gene sequences that render individuals still vulnerable as curriculum requirements increase in nature, complexity, and volume in the upper grades; and (c) using evidence-based diagnoses of specific learning disabilities that are consistent across states for free and appropriate education K to 12 and for accommodations throughout higher education and professional credentialing. PMID:21383108

  9. Head injuries in the accident and emergency department: are we using resources effectively?

    PubMed Central

    Wallace, S A; Bennett, J; Perez-Avila, C A; Gullan, R W

    1994-01-01

    This paper reports a retrospective criterion based audit which reviewed head injury management in two accident and emergency (A&E) departments. Management was compared with regionally agreed criteria for ordering a skull radiograph (SXR) and a computerized tomogram (CT scan) and for admission, and the quality of medical documentation was assessed. A total of 158 patients were reviewed and 132 patients (84%) satisfied the three key areas of recommended head injury management. Failures to satisfy recommended guidelines were present in 19 patients (12%) for SXR, four (2%) for admission and three (2%) for CT scanning. Three skull fractures (two in young babies) would have been missed if the criteria had been adhered to strictly. There was one adverse outcome when a patient who should have been admitted returned to A&E 8 days after initial attendance with a subdural haemorrhage and died shortly afterwards. Apart from 'loss of consciousness', the quality both in content and legibility of the medical documentation was poor. The result of 84% correctly managed patients may be over-optimistic according to the criteria used. Although criteria have a valuable role to play, there are problems with prescriptive standard setting. A recommendation was made to develop a head injury pro forma to address the poor quality medical documentation and it was also recommended that the SXR, CT scan and admission criteria for babies and young children be reviewed. PMID:7921546

  10. Evaluation of medium-term consequences of implementing commercial computerized physician order entry and clinical decision support prescribing systems in two ‘early adopter’ hospitals

    PubMed Central

    Cresswell, Kathrin M; Bates, David W; Williams, Robin; Morrison, Zoe; Slee, Ann; Coleman, Jamie; Robertson, Ann; Sheikh, Aziz

    2014-01-01

    Objective To understand the medium-term consequences of implementing commercially procured computerized physician order entry (CPOE) and clinical decision support (CDS) systems in ‘early adopter’ hospitals. Materials and methods In-depth, qualitative case study in two hospitals using a CPOE or a CDS system for at least 2 years. Both hospitals had implemented commercially available systems. Hospital A had implemented a CPOE system (with basic decision support), whereas hospital B invested additional resources in a CDS system that facilitated order entry but which was integrated with electronic health records and offered more advanced CDS. We used a combination of documentary analysis of the implementation plans, audiorecorded semistructured interviews with system users, and observations of strategic meetings and systems usage. Results We collected 11 documents, conducted 43 interviews, and conducted a total of 21.5 h of observations. We identified three major themes: (1) impacts on individual users, including greater legibility of prescriptions, but also some accounts of increased workloads; (2) the introduction of perceived new safety risks related to accessibility and usability of hardware and software, with users expressing concerns that some problems such as duplicate prescribing were more likely to occur; and (3) realizing organizational benefits through secondary uses of data. Conclusions We identified little difference in the medium-term consequences of a CPOE and a CDS system. It is important that future studies investigate the medium- and longer-term consequences of CPOE and CDS systems in a wider range of hospitals. PMID:24431334

  11. Does Print Size Matter for Reading? A Review of Findings from Vision Science and Typography

    PubMed Central

    Legge, Gordon E.; Bigelow, Charles A.

    2012-01-01

    The size and shape of printed symbols determine the legibility of text. In this paper we focus on print size because of its crucial role in understanding reading performance and its significance in the history and contemporary practice of typography. We present evidence supporting the hypothesis that the distribution of print sizes in historical and contemporary publications falls within the psychophysically defined range of fluent print size — the range over which text can be read at maximum speed. The fluent range extends over a factor of 10 in angular print size (x-height) from approximately 0.2° to 2°. Assuming a standard reading distance of 40 cm (16 inches), the corresponding physical x-heights are 1.4 mm (4 points) and 14 mm (40 points). We provide new data on the distributions of print sizes in published books and newspapers and in type founders' specimens, and consider factors influencing these distributions. We discuss theoretical concepts from vision science concerning visual size coding that help inform our understanding of historical and modern typographical practices. While economic, social, technological and artistic factors influence type design and selection, we conclude that properties of human visual processing play a dominant role in constraining the distribution of print sizes in common use. PMID:21828237

  12. CaseMIDAS - A reactive planning architecture for the man-machine integration design and analysis system

    SciTech Connect

    Pease, R.A.

    1995-09-01

    MIDAS is a set of tools which allow a designer to specify the physical and functional characteristics of a complex system such as an aircraft cockpit, and analyze the system with regard to human performance. MIDAS allows for a number of static analyses such as military standard reach and fit analysis, display legibility analysis, and vision polars. It also supports dynamic simulation of mission segments with 3d visualization. MIDAS development has incorporated several models of human planning behavior. The CaseMIDAS effort has been to provide a simplified and unified approach to modeling task selection behavior. Except for highly practiced, routine procedures, a human operator exhibits a cognitive effort while determining what step to take next in the accomplishment of mission tasks. Current versions of MIDAS do not model this effort in a consistent and inclusive manner. CaseMIDAS also attempts to address this issue. The CaseMIDAS project has yielded an easy to use software module for case creation and execution which is integrated with existing MIDAS simulation components.

  13. CaseMIDAS - A reactive planning architecture for the man-machine integration design and analysis system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pease, R. Adam

    1995-01-01

    MIDAS is a set of tools which allow a designer to specify the physical and functional characteristics of a complex system such as an aircraft cockpit, and analyze the system with regard to human performance. MIDAS allows for a number of static analyses such as military standard reach and fit analysis, display legibility analysis, and vision polars. It also supports dynamic simulation of mission segments with 3d visualization. MIDAS development has incorporated several models of human planning behavior. The CaseMIDAS effort has been to provide a simplified and unified approach to modeling task selection behavior. Except for highly practiced, routine procedures, a human operator exhibits a cognitive effort while determining what step to take next in the accomplishment of mission tasks. Current versions of MIDAS do not model this effort in a consistent and inclusive manner. CaseMIDAS also attempts to address this issue. The CaseMIDAS project has yielded an easy to use software module for case creation and execution which is integrated with existing MIDAS simulation components.

  14. Freud's Little Oedipus: Hans as exception to the oedipal rule.

    PubMed

    Ahbel-Rappe, Karin

    2008-09-01

    Freud's "The Analysis of a Phobia in a Five-Year-Old Boy" is regarded by Freud and by analytic readers and commentators as a prototype of his conception of the oedipus complex. A literary methodology is used to show that the interpretation of the oedipus complex at work in Freud's text in fact differs from Freud's standard view of it. While studying the paper as text, not as case report, may obscure or distort some clinical matters, it is valuable in that it makes legible a sort of theoretical unconscious in the text. In contrast to Freud's typically tragic view of the oedipus complex (in the tradition of ancient Greek tragedy), the Hans study evokes a comic vision (in the tradition of Greek New Comedy). This comic vision allows Hans a happy imaginative ending to the oedipal dilemma, challenges certain epistemic pretensions, and emphasizes the oedipus complex as a set of abiding existential questions. Given the deep link between Freud"s oedipus concept and a tragic view of human life, this departure in the Hans paper is a fascinating anomaly. PMID:18802132

  15. Investigating the feasibility of a BCI-driven robot-based writing agent for handicapped individuals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Syan, Chanan S.; Harnarinesingh, Randy E. S.; Beharry, Rishi

    2014-07-01

    Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCIs) predominantly employ output actuators such as virtual keyboards and wheelchair controllers to enable handicapped individuals to interact and communicate with their environment. However, BCI-based assistive technologies are limited in their application. There is minimal research geared towards granting disabled individuals the ability to communicate using written words. This is a drawback because involving a human attendant in writing tasks can entail a breach of personal privacy where the task entails sensitive and private information such as banking matters. BCI-driven robot-based writing however can provide a safeguard for user privacy where it is required. This study investigated the feasibility of a BCI-driven writing agent using the 3 degree-of- freedom Phantom Omnibot. A full alphanumerical English character set was developed and validated using a teach pendant program in MATLAB. The Omnibot was subsequently interfaced to a P300-based BCI. Three subjects utilised the BCI in the online context to communicate words to the writing robot over a Local Area Network (LAN). The average online letter-wise classification accuracy was 91.43%. The writing agent legibly constructed the communicated letters with minor errors in trajectory execution. The developed system therefore provided a feasible platform for BCI-based writing.

  16. Between the town and the mountain: abortion and the politics of life in Edith Wharton's "Summer".

    PubMed

    Weingarten, Karen

    2010-01-01

    In the early twentieth century, American laws focused on women's reproductive capacities and were coalescing into the ethical and moral frameworks that subtend American reproductive politics today. Edith Wharton published her 1917 novel, Summer, at a time when anti-abortion sentiment was widespread in American culture. Through a reading of Summer, the article provides a theoretical and historical framework for understanding this new American obsession with the judicial regulation of women's reproductive options. In particular, I situate the novel's presentation of abortion within the tension between the carefully defined laws of North Dormer, the town in which the majority of the story takes place, and the lawlessness of the Mountain, a place that looms throughout the story as the protagonist's birthplace and a location of utmost abjection. The novel's profound insight is that power does not function unilaterally and individually but through and on the population. Furthermore, Wharton leaps ahead by recognizing that life is not simply that which lives but that which is recognized and embraced by the law. This realization, one that Wharton must have come to terms with through her painful work with World War I refugees, shapes Charity's character and her understanding not only of how reproduction is regulated but also of how living within this regulation and control generates the norm and offers the only possibility for a liveable and legible life. PMID:21188886

  17. Evaluating the usability of a single UK community acquired brain injury (ABI) rehabilitation service website: implications for research methodology and website design.

    PubMed

    Newby, Gavin; Groom, Christina

    2010-04-01

    Information provision is an important resource for those living with acquired brain injury (ABI) and their families. Web-based health information services are now common additions to health service provision. Ideally, they should be easy to use and provide useful, relevant and accurate information. ABI injuries do not affect individuals in the same way, and survivors can have a wide range of abilities and impairments. Therefore, any informational resource intended for this group should take account of their needs and help to compensate for their limitations. This pilot study recruited a group of individuals with ABI (of a median Extended Glasgow Outcome Scale rating of "lower moderate disability") who were clients of a UK National Health Service rehabilitation service and asked them to assess a specialised website provided by that service and hosted by their employing Primary Care Trust organisation. Participants completed a practical task and then gave their opinions on various aspects of website design, and content. They were also asked to suggest improvements and recommend additions. Overall the results were favourable. However, improvements in the legibility, layout and writing style were identified. There were also requests to add more information on the existing topics and add additional topics. The discussion also evaluates the utility of the methodology and the implications of the results for others considering constructing their own website. PMID:19941194

  18. Development Of HUD Combiner For Automotive Windshield Application

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hattori, Akimasa; Makita, Kensuke; Okabayashi, Shigeru

    1989-12-01

    The head-up display system (HUM) has been developed for the windshield of Nissan Motor's passenger car, '88 model of Silvia (240SX) and '89 model of Maxima. HUD consists of a projector with high brightness VFT and a combiner which is a light-selective reflective film applied on the surface of ' e windshield. The system provides nice display legibility of speed in a three-digit reap at the position more than one meter far from driver's eye even under the bright sunlight. In this report, we present the optical properties and manufacturing process of the advanced combiner. The combiner has to have high transmittance as well as high reflectance so that a driver can see both foreground object and display reading at the same time. The optical design for the combiner is based on the concepts: (a) Visible light transmittance has to be 70% or more in accordance with a legal requirement, and (b) taking both peak wavelengths of Vim' and sensitivity characteristics of human eyes into consideration, 530nm of wave length is chosen as a reflective light. The combiner consists of a dielectric thin layer of Ti02-Si02 system. Its basic structure is decided by simulation with matrix method of the resultant waves. The coating film is applied on the restricted area of the forth surface of laminated windshield by newly developed solgel printing process using a metal alkoxide solution with a relatively long storage life.

  19. How Many Bits Are Enough?

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Larimer, James; Gille, Jennifer; Luszcz, Jeff; Hindson, William S. (Technical Monitor)

    1997-01-01

    Carlson and Cohen suggest that 'the perfect image is one that looks like a piece of the world viewed through a picture frame.' They propose that the metric for the perfect image be the discriminability of the reconstructed image from the ideal image the reconstruction is meant to represent. If these two images, the ideal and the reconstruction are noticeably different, then the reconstruction is less than perfect. If they cannot be discriminated then the reconstructed image is perfect. This definition has the advantage that it can be used to define 'good enough' image quality. An image that fully satisfies a task's image quality requirements for example text legibility, is selected to be the standard. Rendered images are then compared to the standard. Rendered images that are indiscriminable from the standard are good enough. Test patterns and test image sets serve as standards for many tasks and are commonplace to the image communications and display industries, so this is not a new nor novel idea.

  20. An integrative literature review on accuracy in anesthesia information management systems.

    PubMed

    Wilbanks, Bryan A

    2014-02-01

    An anesthesia information management system is a dynamic electronic documentation system that generates the legal records of patient care while the patient is receiving anesthesia. The generated documentation can be used to guide patient care, facilitate billing for services, and be used for clinical research. The purpose of this article was to synthesize the previous empirical and theoretical literature pertaining to the concept of accuracy in documentation in a wide range of disciplines in order to refine the concept and more effectively guide future research, clinical practice, and policy development in anesthesia informatics. The basic definition of accuracy is generally agreed upon, but the exact method of measuring accuracy is very different across disciplines. The concept of accuracy is defined in the published literature using the terms completeness, comprehensiveness, correctness, precision, legibility, readability, quantity of data, redundancy of data, clearness of data, concordance of data, and legitimacy. In nursing, accuracy can be defined as the presence of correct data that provide a complete, comprehensive, and precise representation of patient care. In anesthesia, accuracy is often defined in terms of correctness and completeness of data. Correctness, completeness, comprehensiveness, and precision are the primary constituents of accuracy with each discipline emphasizing different aspects. PMID:24429834