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1

The Leisure Reading Habits of Urban Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research indicates that there is a strong relationship between leisure reading and school achievement, but the leisure reading habits of urban adolescents have rarely been studied. From their investigation of the leisure reading habits of 584 urban minority middle school students, the authors identify these key findings: (1) More than two-thirds…

Hughes-Hassell, Sandra; Rodge, Pradnya

2007-01-01

2

The Effects of the Sustained Silent Reading Program on Cultivating Students' Habits and Attitudes in Reading Books for Leisure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author examines the effects of the sustained silent reading program on cultivating students' habits and attitudes in reading books for leisure. The author used a time-series design and measured students' reading habits and attitudes three times in twelve months. It was expected that if the program created positive effects on cultivating…

Chua, Siah Poh

2008-01-01

3

Reading Sources, Views and Habits of Select Leisure Services Personnel--A Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A report is given of reading material selection and preferences of leisure services personnel. A survey was conducted of the California Association of Parks and Recreation Commissioners and Board members and members of the Cal-SPRE, the education arm of the California State Society. A third sample consisted of members of the National Consortium on…

Neal, Larry L.

4

Middle Schoolers and Magazines: What Teachers Can Learn from Students' Leisure Reading Habits  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers, parents, and librarians are constantly looking for methods and materials that engage students as readers and motivate them to increase the time they spend reading. In this article we describe findings from a study of middle schoolers' magazine reading habits that gave us a close look at the power of magazines as supplemental supports for…

Gabriel, Rachael; Allington, Richard; Billen, Monica

2012-01-01

5

Leisure Reading Choices of Rural Teens.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on a survey of the leisure reading of 700 teenagers in rural North Carolina which collected data on reading for pleasure, types of materials selected, favorite authors and books, differences in interests of boys and girls, reasons for reading, and how respondents find out about books. Implications for teachers and library media specialists…

Mellon, Constance A.

1990-01-01

6

Teenagers Do Read: What Rural Youth Say about Leisure Reading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of the leisure reading patterns of rural ninth graders gathered data on what percentage of respondents claimed that they read in their spare time; non-reader's reasons for not reading; and such factors as types of books purchased, and where and when they were read. (EM)

Mellon, Constance A.

1987-01-01

7

Beginning Readers' Reading Performance and Reading Habits  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the prospective relationships between reading performance and reading habits among Finnish children during the first and second grades of primary school. One hundred and ninety-five children were examined twice during their first primary school year and once during the spring term of Grade 2. The results showed, first, that…

Leppanen, Ulla; Aunola, Kaisa; Nurmi, Jari-Erik

2005-01-01

8

The Perceived Intrinsic Value of Leisure Reading & Leisure Among Undergraduates as a Predictor of Their Academic Achievement  

E-print Network

The Perceived Intrinsic Value of Leisure Reading & Leisure Among Undergraduates as a Predictor University-Indianapolis The purpose of this study is to 1) explore the intrinsic values of leisure reading among undergraduates, 2) explore their intrinsic values toward leisure activities, and 3) explore how

Zhou, Yaoqi

9

Trends in leisure reading: Forty years of research on reading in the Netherlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent international research describes a diminishing interest in leisure reading for almost all western countries. In this article, we have investigated trends in leisure reading of the Dutch population between 1955 and 1995, using data from seven national representative time budget surveys. First, our results show that the time spent on reading has diminished by about half. The strongest decline,

Wim Knulst; Gerbert Kraaykamp

1998-01-01

10

Computer Technology and College Students' Reading Habits  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purposes of this study were to determine if computer technology had an impact on EFL college students' reading habits and if students' online reading habits and their demographic variables, such as gender, age, CJEE scores, employment status, and online hours were related. 124 valid survey questionnaires were collected from college students in a university in southern Taiwan. The results

Li-Bi Shen

2006-01-01

11

Adult Reading Habits, Attitudes and Motivations: A Cross-Sectional Study. Monographs in Teaching and Learning Number 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph contains a discussion of a telephone survey conducted to gain more knowledge about the job-related reading, functional reading, and leisure reading habits of a representative sample of adults from Anderson, Indiana. The discussion highlights survey results by demographic variables, reports specific analyses of survey items, and…

Mikulecky, Larry J.; And Others

12

Influence of reading habits on line bisection.  

PubMed

The effect of scanning direction on perception of space is studied with a visuo-motor bisection task, among 120 normal dextrals with opposite reading habits (60 French subjects, 60 Israeli subjects). Bisection is found to depend upon subject's reading habits. Israeli bisected the line to the right of the objective centre, while French subjects placed their subjective middle to the left of the objective one. Results are discussed with respect to hemispheric activation theories, directional hypotheses and the neglect syndrome. PMID:8003920

Chokron, S; Imbert, M

1993-12-01

13

Correlation between BMI, leisure habits and motor abilities in childhood (CHILT-Project)  

Microsoft Academic Search

INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of childhood obesity is increasing with its negative medical and psychosocial consequences. This paper examines the association between body mass index (BMI), motor abilities and leisure habits of 668 children within the CHILT (Children's Health InterventionaL Trial) project.APPROACH: A total of 668 children (51.0% boys; 49.0% girls) and their parents were questioned on sport and leisure behaviour

C Graf; B Koch; E Kretschmann-Kandel; G Falkowski; H Christ; S Coburger; W Lehmacher; B Bjarnason-Wehrens; P Platen; W Tokarski; H G Predel; S Dordel; med. C Graf

2004-01-01

14

Toilet reading habits in Israeli adults.  

PubMed

Although toilet reading (TR) is a common habit, the effect of TR on bowel movements is neglected in the medical literature. Our hypothesis was that TR provides a distraction and acts as an unconscious relaxation technique and allows an easier defecation process. The aim of this study was to assess how common is TR and to map the reading/playing toilet habits in the Israeli adult population. In addition, we aimed to explore a possible connection between TR and the nature of bowel habits in general and constipation and haemorrhoids in particular. Five hundred adults who represent the diverse demographic backgrounds have been asked to fill an anonymous short questionnaire. The subjects were questioned regarding their demographic details, their TR and playing habits, their bowel habits, whether they suffer from haemorrhoids and whether they use some sort of faecal softener. We found that TR is common and involves 52.7% of the population. Males, younger age, secular population, higher education level and white collar workers compose the TR profile. Although toilet readers spent significantly more time in the toilets, no differences were noted for the type or frequency of stools. Nevertheless, the TR group considered themselves to be less constipated (8.0%vs 13.7%) and had more haemorrhoids (23.6%vs 18.2%). These differences, however, were not significant. Toilet reading is a common and benign habit. It is involved with a longer time spent in the toilet. It seems to be more for fun and not necessarily to solve or due to medical problems. PMID:19019015

Goldstein, O; Shaham, Y; Naftali, T; Konikoff, F; Lavy, A; Shaoul, R

2009-03-01

15

READING HABITS OF ELDERLY ADULTS: IMPLICATIONS FOR INSTRUCTION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Elderly adults, 18 male and 31 female, with a mean age of 67 years, participated in a study of their reading habits. Subjects responded to the Survey of Elderly Reading Attitudes instrument. Findings indicated that similarities and differences did occur among the reading habits of elderly adults. For example, most subjects felt that they had time to read; significantly more

Alice M. Scales; Shirley A. Biggs

1987-01-01

16

Reading Attitudes, Habits, Interests, and Motivations of the Elderly.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To gather information about reading as it relates to older adults, 267 people, ranging in age from 60 to 93 years, were asked to complete questionnaires. Specific information elicited concerned reading habits, reading materials, time spent in reading daily, time spent watching television, reading interests, preferred television shows, and reading

Ngandu, Kathleen M.; O'Rourke, Bill

17

Promoting the Lifetime Reading Habit in Middle School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues for the fundamental importance of fostering a lifetime reading habit in middle school students. Discusses various ways to provide opportunities to read in middle school; describes teacher demonstrations of effective reading/thinking behaviors; discusses reading aloud; and notes the importance of literacy educators advocating this kind of…

Sanacore, Joseph

2000-01-01

18

Reading enjoyment amongst non-leisure readers can affect achievement in secondary school  

PubMed Central

This study aimed to evaluate determinants of differences in leisure reading behavior and school achievement. We specifically examined reading enjoyment, mental imagery, and sex as predictors in a large, age-homogeneous sample of Dutch secondary school students (N = 1,071). Results showed that the prevalence of leisure reading was low in both the lower, pre-vocational track (19.5%) and the higher, pre-academic track (32.5%). Boys read even less than girls. Almost all leisure readers enjoyed reading and engaged in mental imagery, i.e., the propensity “to see images” of a written story in the mind’s eye. Overall, boys who did not like to read for leisure had the poorest school performance. Non-leisure readers who reported that they enjoyed reading got higher school grades in the higher educational track. In the lower track, this was the case for girls. Our study findings imply that reading promotion programs should take into account individual differences in sex, achievement level, and reading enjoyment when aiming to decrease the academic achievement gap. PMID:25386154

Mol, Suzanne E.; Jolles, Jelle

2014-01-01

19

Reading Skills and Reading Habits: A Study of New Open University Undergraduate Reservees.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the use of cloze procedures to investigate the reading skills and reading habits of Open University (United Kingdom) reservees (potential undergraduate students). Discusses correlations between reading habits and other student characteristics and identifying reservees at risk based on the results of cloze tests. (Author/LRW)

Datta, Saroj; Macdonald-Ross, Michael

2002-01-01

20

The King of the Damned: Reading Lynching as Leisure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The racial domination that is showcased in the spectacle of lynching leads to an intersection of discourse, critique, and reflection on identity. Utilizing visual methodologies along with a critical theory focus, the documented history in photographic images and textual accounts provides a window to human leisure behavior as it is situated in a…

Mowatt, Rasul

2009-01-01

21

Adjusting Lecture Style to Accommodate Student Reading Habits  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The reasons behind the reading habits of undergraduate MIS students were examined to learn from the students' point of view why many don't read the textbook. Willingness to work hard on homework and project assignments and an appreciation of what is expected of them appears to be in place. However, carrots, sticks, ruses and requests all meet with…

Socash, Richard R.

2007-01-01

22

COMPARISON OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL TEACHERS AND PROSPECTIVE ELEMENTARY TEACHERSÕ READING INTERESTS AND READING HABITS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this research is to compare reading interests and habits of prospective elementary school teachers and elementary school teachers. The sample of the study consisted of 151 prospective teachers, studying at Education Faculty of Adnan Menderes University and 203 elementary school teachers, working in the city centre of Aydõn. ÒReading Interest ScaleÓ, ÒAdult Form for Reading Habits QuestionnaireÓ

Elif Aslanturk; A. Seda Saracaloglu

2011-01-01

23

Are Reading Habits of Parents Related to Reading Performance of Their Children?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to determine whether the reading habits and attitudes of parents influenced the reading performance of their children, a 36-item questionnaire was sent to 213 parents of children in the STARR (Students Are Reading Right) reading program in grades one through six at two elementary schools in Neenah, Wisconsin. Responses on 148…

Dix, Margarete

24

Reading habits and line bisection: a developmental approach.  

PubMed

120 normal right-handed subjects, children and adults, with opposite reading habits (60 French, left-to-right readers, 60 Israeli, right-to-left readers) and 60 pre-school children (30 French and 30 Israeli), were submitted to a visuo-motor bisection task. Bisection is found to be dependent upon reading habits with a leftward deviation of the subjective middle for left-to-right readers, and a rightward bias for right-to-left readers. Even before formal reading learning, French and Israeli pre-school children differ significantly in bisecting a line. Results are discussed with respect to hemispheric activation theories and directional hypotheses. PMID:8719022

Chokron, S; De Agostini, M

1995-12-01

25

Do Reading Habits Influence Aesthetic Preferences?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We tested the idea that the directionality of a person's primary writing system has influences outside the domain of reading and writing, specifically influences on aesthetic preferences. The results of several previous studies suggest that people whose primary writing system goes from left to right prefer pictures of moving and static…

Treiman, Rebecca; Allaith, Zainab

2013-01-01

26

Determining reading interests and habits of candidate teachers (TRNC Sample)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this research is to investigate reading habits and interests of students in the faculties of education. The study is a descriptive undertaking in the scanning model. The sample of the study was chosen from students studying in universities in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. Determined by the convenience sampling method, a total of 317 students with

Ahmet Pehlivan; O?uz Serin; Nergüz Bulut Serin

2010-01-01

27

The Reading Habits of Church Active Mormon Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data from 149 female members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (LDS) were used to construct a composite of the reading habits and their relation to other characterisitics of this group. The typical respondent was a married woman between 26 and 40 years old who had attended college but remained at home to care for children under…

Appleton, Marianne; Cranney, A. Garr

28

Reading Habits of College Students in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study employed a convergent mixed-method research design to investigate reading habits of American college students. A total of 1,265 (466 male and 799 female) college students voluntarily participated in the study by completing a self-reported survey. Twelve students participated in semi-structured interviews and classroom observations.…

Huang, SuHua; Capps, Matthew; Blacklock, Jeff; Garza, Mary

2014-01-01

29

Reading habits of house-staff: what, where and why.  

PubMed

As in-training evaluations often comment that house-staff do not read enough about cases, this study looked at the reading habits of internal medicine students and house-staff to assess whether they were reading about cases. All 38 trainees at a major teaching hospital were surveyed with a questionnaire. Overall, the house-staff read 8.7 hours/week, of which half is spent reading about cases. They read around approximately half of the cases they see. The more senior house-staff use journals and one major textbook; the medical students use only textbooks. The reading is done mainly at home, except by the senior residents who spent a quarter of their reading time in the library. The major reasons why the house-staff read are to prepare for presentations or for rounds with the attending physicians. These results suggest that contrary to what we anticipated, house-staff do indeed read about the cases they see on the wards. PMID:2640687

Fafard, J; Snell, L

1989-01-01

30

Print exposure, reading habits, and reading achievement among deaf and hearing college students.  

PubMed

This study explored relations of print exposure, academic achievement, and reading habits among 100 deaf and 100 hearing college students. As in earlier studies, recognition tests for book titles and magazine titles were used as measures of print exposure, college entrance test scores were used as measures of academic achievement, and students provided self-reports of reading habits. Deaf students recognized fewer magazine titles and fewer book titles appropriate for reading levels from kindergarten through Grade 12 while reporting more weekly hours of reading. As in previous studies with hearing college students, the title recognition test proved a better predictor of deaf and hearing students' English achievement than how many hours they reported reading. The finding that the recognition tests were relatively more potent predictors of achievement for deaf students than hearing students may reflect the fact that deaf students often obtain less information through incidental learning and classroom presentations. PMID:22025672

Marschark, Marc; Sarchet, Thomastine; Convertino, Carol M; Borgna, Georgianna; Morrison, Carolyn; Remelt, Sarah

2012-01-01

31

Keys to Reading among Middle School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A recent decline in reading has become a major issue, as Americans are not reading out of necessity or as a leisure activity. In addition, a connection has been found between children's leisure reading habits and their level of academic achievement, causing even more concern. (Contains 1 table.)

Smith, Nichole; Day, Barbara

2013-01-01

32

Relationships between sleeping habits, sedentary leisure activities and childhood overweight and obesity.  

PubMed

The aim of this study is to show how sedentary leisure activities and a decrease in hours of sleep interact to lead to an increase in the body mass index (BMI) in children. A random sample of 291 nine-year-old and ten-year-old schoolchildren from Asturias (Spain) was taken. A cross-sectional design was used, the children's weight and height were measured and an individual interview was carried out. Using path analysis, a model was tested in which bedtime, the number of hours spent sleeping and sedentary leisure activities were the independent variables and the BMI was the dependent variable. The results show that sedentary leisure activities and hours spent sleeping are predictors of a greater BMI in children. Moreover, the effect of the time spent sleeping is mediated by sedentary leisure activities. That is to say, it is those children who go to bed late and who use that extra time to watch the television or play with the computer that tend to have a greater BMI. Attention should be drawn to the importance of this fact and to the implications it may have for education and children's health. PMID:24410653

Busto-Zapico, Raquel; Amigo-Vázquez, Isaac; Peña-Suárez, Elsa; Fernández-Rodríguez, Concepción

2014-12-01

33

Does reading keep you thin? Leisure activities, cultural tastes, and body weight in comparative perspective  

PubMed Central

While sedentary leisure-time activities such as reading, going to movies, attending cultural events, attending sporting events, watching TV, listening to music, and socializing with friends would seem to contribute to excess weight, a perspective focusing on SES differences in cultural tastes suggests the opposite, that some sedentary activities are associated with lower rather than higher body weight. This study aims to test theories of cultural distinction by examining relationships between leisure-time activities and body weight. Using 2007 data on 17 nations from the International Social Survey Program, the analysis estimates relationships between the body mass index and varied leisure-time activities while controlling for SES, physical activities, and sociodemographic variables. Net of controls for SES and physical activities, participation time in cultural activities is associated with lower rather than higher body weight, particularly in high-income nations. The results suggest that both cultural activities and body weight reflect forms of distinction that separate SES-based lifestyles. PMID:21707664

Pampel, Fred C.

2011-01-01

34

A Survey of Reading Habits with Suggested Instructional Strategies: Elderly Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The reading habits of 49 elderly adults were surveyed, using the SERA inventory, to examine two hypotheses: there is no difference among elderly adults' perceptions of their reading habits as related to factors of reading skill, preference, physical functioning, attention span/concentration, and emotional well-being, and there are no significant…

Scales, Alice M.; Biggs, Shirley A.

35

Family reading habits and academic achievement of children from polygynous, monogamous, divorced, and nondivorced families.  

PubMed

This study investigated the relationship between family reading habits and the academic achievement of 1021 Xhosa-speaking children whose mean age was 15.3 yr. A questionnaire was administered to identify each pupil's family status. Analysis of variance indicated positive and statistically significant main effects for the two variables on a reading habits score. PMID:7808893

Cherian, V I

1994-08-01

36

Motivating the Lifelong Reading Habit Through a Balanced Use of Children's Information Books  

Microsoft Academic Search

As literacy educators, we have a tendency to use mostly fiction books as our chief source of materials for motivating the reading habits of our students. When we examine children's reading interests and the books they choose for their independent reading, we discover that many children enjoy, and even prefer, to read information books. Coupled with students' strong interests in

Ray Doiron

2003-01-01

37

What Are Teenagers Reading? Adolescent Fiction Reading Habits and Reading Choices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What are adolescents choosing to read? This is an important question because of potential divergence between school students' reading interests and reading expectations in school. This article considers the findings from a study of the reading over one week in May 2002 of 707 school students aged between 11 and 15, undertaken in 30 schools in the…

Hopper, Rosemary

2005-01-01

38

The Relation Between Caregivers' Multiliterate Reading Habits and Their Children's Oral Health Status  

PubMed Central

Background Caregivers’ oral health literacy (OHL) assessment results have been found to be related to their children’s oral health status. A further aspect of this relationship may be the role of caregivers’ reading habits. Objective Our goal was to describe the relationship between caregivers’ multimodal (digital and print) and multilingual (English and Chinese) reading habits, their OHL, and their child’s oral health status in Hong Kong. Methods A random sample of 301 child-caregiver dyads was recruited from kindergartens in Hong Kong. Data included sociodemographic information and caregivers’ self-reported digital print and reading habits across two languages (Chinese and English). Caregivers’ OHL levels were assessed by two locally developed and validated oral health literacy assessment tasks: Hong Kong Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Dentistry-30 (HKREALD-30) and the Hong Kong Oral Health Literacy Assessment Task for Pediatric Dentistry (HKOHLAT-P). Children’s oral health status was assessed using two measures: dental caries experience (number of decayed, missing, and filled teeth) and oral hygiene status (Visible Plaque Index). Results Bivariate variations revealed significant differences in mean OHL scores between caregivers with different reading habits (P<.01). Correlations revealed significant associations between caregivers’ practices of reading multimodal (print/digital) and multilingual (English/Chinese) texts, their literacy levels, and their children’s oral health status (P<.01). Adjusting for sociodemographics and all other reading habits in the regression analysis, the caregivers' habit of reading digital and print texts was significantly retained in the final model. Regression analysis revealed significant associations between caregivers’ reading habits (digital Chinese) and their OHL word recognition scores: OR 5.00, 95% CI 1.10-3.65, P=.027. Significant associations were also evident for their OHL comprehension scores (digital Chinese: OR 2.30, 95% CI 1.30-4.20, P=.004; print Chinese: OR 2.50, 95% CI 1.40-4.30, P=.001). However, no significant associations were found between caregivers' reading habits and child’s oral health status (P>.05). Conclusions Caregivers’ habits of reading print and digital Chinese texts are significantly associated with their OHL scores. Their reading habits, however, do not affect their children’s oral health status. PMID:25236188

2014-01-01

39

Reading Habits of Elderly Adults: Implications for Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Elderly adults responded to the Survey of Elderly Reading Attitudes instrument. Most felt they had time to read, more married than single subjects reported buying magazines and daily newspapers, and more females than males reported reading advertisements without difficulty. (Author/KS)

Scales, Alice M.; Biggs, Shirley A.

1987-01-01

40

Social stratification of culture and leisure in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using three sets of survey data, this article explores the variations and social bases of leisure and cultural consumption patterns during the last decade in Turkey. In particular, this article explores the social basis of reading habits of daily newspapers, magazines and journals, going out to movies and the theatre, as well as spending patterns on these and various other

Kemal Ayd?n

2009-01-01

41

Providing a "Safety Net" for Students Lacking a Reading Habit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current educational writing and reporting suggests a need for making reading a more vital experience for the student. One of the ways being tried in the Rye Public Schools (New York) is an integrated, guided, out-of-class reading program that is keyed to the inquiry curriculum. Starting in the third grade, each inquiry unit has specially selected…

Turner, William E.

42

Reading habits for both words and numbers contribute to the SNARC effect.  

PubMed

This study compared the spatial representation of numbers in three groups of adults: Canadians, who read both English words and Arabic numbers from left to right; Palestinians, who read Arabic words and Arabic-Indic numbers from right to left; and Israelis, who read Hebrew words from right to left but Arabic numbers from left to right. Canadians associated small numbers with left and large numbers with right space (the SNARC effect), Palestinians showed the reverse association, and Israelis had no reliable spatial association for numbers. These results suggest that reading habits for both words and numbers contribute to the spatial representation of numbers. PMID:19293102

Shaki, Samuel; Fischer, Martin H; Petrusic, William M

2009-04-01

43

The flâneur and the city: Reading the ‘new’ Belfast's leisure spaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines Belfast's contemporary leisure spaces by making specific use of the idea of the flâneur as a social scientist. The article contains an assessment of selected representations of the city together with a detailed evaluation of the concept of the flâneur, its genesis, development and analytical value. Using the flâneur's knowledge of the city and powers of observation,

Alan Bairner

2006-01-01

44

Pursuit of Leisure Reading and Interest in Watching the Night-Sky: Relationship between Reading for Pleasure and Noctcaelador  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the relationship between reading for pleasure and noctcaelador (strong interest in, and psychological attachment to, the night sky). University students (N = 185) completed measures of reading for pleasure and noctcaelador. Age was significantly correlated with both reading for pleasure and noctcaelador. Reading for pleasure…

Kelly, William E.; Daughtry, Don

2006-01-01

45

The Reading Habits and Literacy Attitudes of Inservice and Prospective Teachers: Results of a Questionnaire Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a questionnaire survey of 747 students enrolled in a graduate school of education, who are currently teachers or prospective teachers. The Literacy Habits Questionnaire, developed by Applegate and Applegate, was administered in September 2006. Findings suggest a high prevalence of aliteracy, the ability to read but a…

Nathanson, Steven; Pruslow, John; Levitt, Roberta

2008-01-01

46

Student Academic Reading Preferences: A Study of Online Reading Habits and Inclinations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore student preferences regarding reading print materials or online reading materials for academic purposes, as well as to examine how students adapt traditional reading strategies such as underlining, highlighting, and taking marginal notes when reading electronic texts. A total of 61 participants (32…

Podolsky, Tim; Soiferman, Karen

2014-01-01

47

Information management and reading habits of German diabetologists: a questionnaire survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aims\\/hypothesis. Journals play an important part in continuing medical education and in influencing the prescription of drugs. Because little is known about reading habits and information management of specialists a questionnaire survey among German diabetologists was conducted. Subjects and methods. A non-randomised sample of 461 German diabetologists was selected from a database of German diabetologists (n=1585). A questionnaire was developed

S. Trelle

2002-01-01

48

Children's Book Reading Habits: A New Criterion for Literacy. Reading Education Report No. 63.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To the traditional arguments for teaching children to read can be added the contemporary idea that literacy is a tool, the necessary skill for full participation in society, and the ticket to social mobility and success. New reasons for reading books have emerged from recent gains in the understanding of the comprehension process and the nature of…

Wilson, Paul T.; And Others

49

The Effects of Weekly, Sustained Silent Reading Time on Recreational Reading Habits and Attitudes in a 9th Grade English Class.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sustained Silent Reading (SSR) has been around in various forms for over 40 years. While this subject has received much study in elementary schools, the influence of SSR on typical, non-at-risk high school students' reading habits appears to be lacking. The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of SSR on ninth grade students' recreational…

Kirby, Mary C.

50

AT YOUR LEISURE: ASSESSING EBOOK READER  

E-print Network

AT YOUR LEISURE: ASSESSING EBOOK READER FUNCTIONALITY AND INTERACTIVITY by LISA MARY MOORE Project and unique requirements that leisure readers might have when it comes to reading a book on an ebook reader or entertainment, took part in semi-structured interviews designed to assess their current leisure reading

Blandford, Ann

51

The Influence of Reading and Writing Habits Associated with Education on the Neuropsychological Performance of Brazilian Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated the influence of the frequency of reading and writing habits (RWH) associated with education on the performance of adults in brief neuropsychological tasks. A sample of 489 Brazilian subjects, composed of 71% women, aged 21-80 years, with 2-23 years of formal education, was evaluated by the Brazilian Brief Neuropsychological…

Pawlowski, Josiane; Remor, Eduardo; de Mattos Pimenta Parente, Maria Alice; de Salles, Jerusa Fumagalli; Fonseca, Rochele Paz; Bandeira, Denise Ruschel

2012-01-01

52

Leisure, Contemplation and Leisure Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

I argue in defense of Aristotle's position that contemplation ("theoria") is the proper use of at least some of one's leisure and that, consequently, leisure education must consist in teaching the inclination and capacity for contemplation. However, my position is somewhat more flexible than Aristotle's, in that I allow that there are other…

Morgan, Jeffrey

2006-01-01

53

Factors that Influence the Decision to Read: An Investigation of Fifth Grade Students' Out-of-School Reading Habits  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to recent research, there is a strong relationship between the amount of out-of-school reading a student engages in and his or her success in school in reading (Anderson, Fielding, & Wilson, 1988; Stanovich, 1986; Taylor, Frye, & Maruyama, 1990; Walberg & Tsai, 1984). This relationship reveals the importance of investigating why so few…

McKool, Sharon S.

2007-01-01

54

Extracurricular Reading Habits of College Students in Taiwan: Findings from Two National Surveys  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Chinese people have great regard for those who read widely, yet little is known of the extracurricular reading behaviors of Chinese students. This study drew on data from two national surveys to investigate the amount of time Taiwanese college students spend on extracurricular reading. Findings are interpreted in relation to prior research on…

Chen, Su-Yen

2007-01-01

55

The Impact of Internet and Television Use on the Reading Habits and Practices of College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How much time do college students spend reading for recreational and academic purposes? Do Internet and television use displace or interfere with reading time? In this study, we used an innovative time-diary survey method to explore whether the time students spend on the Internet or watching television displaces time that would be spent reading

Mokhtari, Kouider; Reichard, Carla A.; Gardner, Anne

2009-01-01

56

Adolescent Leisure across European Nations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined variations in adolescent time use within Europe and their relation to culture, focusing on organization of free time, most frequent leisure activities, and resulting emotional states. Found that European adolescents spent free time in a range of activities, including electronic media, computer games, playing musical instruments, reading,…

Flammer, August; Schaffner, Brigitta

2003-01-01

57

Scanning direction and line bisection: a study of normal subjects and unilateral neglect patients with opposite reading habits.  

PubMed

Sixty normal dextrals (30 left-to-right and 30 right-to-left readers) and two left unilateral neglect patient with opposite reading habits performed a passive line bisection task. In order to study the effect of scanning direction on performance, subjects had to stop a mark moving on the to-be-bisected line either from the left to the right or in the opposite direction. Results showed that the position of the subjective middle was dependent upon the scanning direction of the line for all the subjects. A leftward deviation appeared for left to right scanning, whereas a rightward shift occurred when the mark moved from the right to the left. These results emphasize the role of scanning direction in space organization and are discussed with respect to the explanatory hypotheses of unilateral neglect. PMID:9774725

Chokron, S; Bartolomeo, P; Perenin, M T; Helft, G; Imbert, M

1998-10-01

58

The New York Times Report on Teenage Reading Tastes and Habits.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to learn whether teenagers are reading books and, if so, which books they choose, "The New York Times" conducted a fact-finding project. Questionnaires were mailed to the school librarians and English chairmen of 7000 secondary and intermediate schools. The wide variety of answers to observable trends necessitated the analysis of a random…

Freiberger, Rema

59

Cognitive and Affective Contributions of the Literature Circles Method on the Acquisition of Reading Habits and Comprehension Skills in Primary Level Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to examine the effect of literature circles on fourth grade primary students' reading habits and comprehension skills and collected the opinions of students and teachers about the method. In this study, quantitative (pre-test and post-test designs) and qualitative (case study) methods were employed together. The study was…

Avci, Suleyman; Yuksel, Arzu

2011-01-01

60

of Great Reads Collection (leisure  

E-print Network

blogs 12 Twitter accounts 9 Facebook pages 4 Flickr groups On any given day, UBC Library sends hundreds of messages using social media platforms across: 60% Followers 1,248 likes on Facebook (IKBLC) 1,958 followers on Twitter (@UBCLibrary) MISSION UBC Library advances research, learning and teaching excellence

Ollivier-Gooch, Carl

61

Leisure Activities of University College Staff  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Study aim: To determine the participation of academic teachers in leisure activities for that group contribute to shaping habits of a large percentage of young people. Material and methods: A group of 52 staff members (about 30%) of a private university college, aged 25-70 years, were interviewed with respect to their participation in sports,…

Biernat, Elzbieta; Roguski, Karol

2009-01-01

62

Leisure and Health: Why Is Leisure Therapeutic?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to examine the empirical evidence and describe theoretical perspectives that address under what conditions and why leisure can be therapeutic and contribute to health and well-being. This review of the literature provides empirical evidence that leisure can contribute to physical, social, emotional and cognitive…

Caldwell, Linda L.

2005-01-01

63

Leisure and Islam  

Microsoft Academic Search

What role does Islamic teaching play in the development of a uniquely Muslim state of mind and leisure behaviour? While religion serves to stabilize the social order by endowing traditions with sacredness, leisure serves as a vehicle of human expression. Islam never sanctified time or frowned on leisure activities, although it maintained strict segregation of the sexes. In Islamic countries

Hilmi Ibrahim

1982-01-01

64

Special Issue: Leisure Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Special issue includes (1) "Introduction" (Burlew); (2) "Leisure Counseling (LC): A Call to Order" (Emerson); (3) "Integrating Leisure into Adult Career Counseling Process" (Pearson); (4) "Developmental Approach to LC Theory" (McDaniels); (5) "LC for the Elderly" (Clark); (6) "LC with AIDS Clients" (Burlew); and (7) "The Leisure Sphere: Context…

Burlew, Larry D., Ed.; And Others

1992-01-01

65

Leisure Physical Activity and the Risk of Fracture in Men  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundData from previous studies are inconsistent, and it is therefore uncertain whether, to what extent, and at what level leisure physical activity influences the risk of osteoporotic fractures in men.Methods and FindingsA cohort of 2,205 men, 49–51 y of age, was enrolled in a longitudinal, population-based study. Leisure physical activity and other lifestyle habits were established at baseline and at

Karl Michaëlsson; Helena Olofsson; Karin Jensevik; Sune Larsson; Hans Mallmin; Lars Berglund; Bengt Vessby; Håkan Melhus

2007-01-01

66

Casual leisure: a conceptual statement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1982, the year the serious leisure perspective was first set out, the concept of casual leisure has served mostly as a foil for sharpening understanding of that framework. Yet casual leisure is a distinctive activity in itself and an important part of the contemporary leisure scene, suggesting that it, too, should be conceptually elaborated just as serious leisure was

Robert A. Stebbins

1997-01-01

67

Women, leisure and inequality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Women experience inequalities in gaining access to leisure ‘space’ and activities. Based on research in Milton Keynes, UK, this paper points towards a more satisfactory theory of women's leisure, and shows how aspects of women's gender-roles constrain their enjoyment and use of free time. Constraints include domestic labour, job attitudes, behaviour and working hours of male partners, child care, lack

Rosemary Deem

1982-01-01

68

Negotiation of leisure constraints  

Microsoft Academic Search

Virtually all past leisure constraints research has been based on a conception of constraints as insurmountable obstacles to leisure participation. Thus, it has typically been assumed that if an individual encounters a constraint, the outcome will be nonparticipation. This article elaborates an alternative view of constraints that has recently begun to appear in the literature, summarized in the central proposition

Edgar L. Jackson; Duane W. Crawford; Geoffrey Godbey

1993-01-01

69

Integrated Leisure and Recreation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This "feature issue" focuses on integrated leisure and recreation for developmentally disabled persons and includes descriptions of innovative leisure/recreation programs which allow the realization of the concepts of normalization and least restrictive environment. Brief articles include the following titles and authors: "Challenging the…

Schleien, Stuart, Ed.; Rynders, John, Ed.

1989-01-01

70

Changing circumstances, disrupting habits.  

PubMed

The present research investigated the mechanisms guiding habitual behavior, specifically, the stimulus cues that trigger habit performance. When usual contexts for performance change, habits cannot be cued by recurring stimuli, and performance should be disrupted. Thus, the exercising, newspaper reading, and TV watching habits of students transferring to a new university were found to survive the transfer only when aspects of the performance context did not change (e.g., participants continued to read the paper with others). In some cases, the disruption in habits also placed behavior under intentional control so that participants acted on their current intentions. Changes in circumstances also affected the favorability of intentions, but changes in intentions alone could not explain the disruption of habits. Furthermore, regardless of whether contexts changed, nonhabitual behavior was guided by intentions. PMID:15982113

Wood, Wendy; Witt, Melissa Guerrero; Tam, Leona

2005-06-01

71

Reconceptualizing barriers to family leisure  

Microsoft Academic Search

While research indicates that leisure is an important source of both family cohesion and conflict, comparatively little attention has been given to the development of conceptual models which define the nature and operation of leisure barriers. Traditionally, barriers have been assumed to constitute intervening variables in the leisure preference?participation relationship. This paper suggests that the prevailing conceptualization of leisure barriers

Duane W. Crawford; Geoffrey Godbey

1987-01-01

72

The Reading Habits of Adults: A Select Annotated Bibliography. British National Bibliography Research Fund Report No. 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 609 entries in this annotated bibliography are intended to help research workers who have an interest in the reading behavior of the general public and to stimulate ideas for further research. The entries are divided into nine sections covering general works; works providing a historical background; works dealing with the development from…

Mann, Margaret

73

Relationships among Adolescents' Leisure Motivation, Leisure Involvement, and Leisure Satisfaction: A Structural Equation Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to test a cause-and-effect model of factors affecting leisure satisfaction among Taiwanese adolescents. A structural equation model was proposed in which the relationships among leisure motivation, leisure involvement, and leisure satisfaction were explored. The study collected data from 701 adolescent…

Chen, Ying-Chieh; Li, Ren-Hau; Chen, Sheng-Hwang

2013-01-01

74

Leisure: the importance of being inconsequential  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper argues that by focusing on ‘little leisures’ (sport, tourism and so on, leisure that is serious or casual, or leisure that produces ‘flow’, or on the specifics of the leisure of selected socio?demographic groups), leisure studies lose sight of the truly consequential outcomes from leisure. It is argued that explaining the ways in which leisure as a whole

Ken Roberts

2011-01-01

75

Effective Methods of Promoting Reading Habits in Asia and the Pacific: Report of the Training Course on Book Production in Asia and the Pacific (22nd, Tokyo, Japan, November 17-December 5, 1989).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The results of a course held in response to requests from the member states of UNESCO, this report presents the abridged content of lectures, discussions, and observation visits concerning the methods and experiences of the 19 participants in promoting reading habits in 16 Asian and Pacific countries. The report notes that one of the key issues in…

Asian Cultural Centre for UNESCO, Tokyo (Japan).

76

Leisure Today. Leisure Programming: The State of the Art.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nine articles examine current topics in leisure programing, including program design and evaluation, program design through imagery, keys to quality leisure programing, programing with style, total quality program planning, evaluation of leisure programs, programing for older adults, and the intergenerational entrepreneurship demonstration…

Busser, James A.; And Others

1993-01-01

77

The Stability of Leisure Preferences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the stability of leisure preferences across a two-year time span. Data collected from 126 married couples indicated that preferences for specific leisure activities were significantly and positively correlated across the time period and that reported preferences for specific leisure activities declined over time. (Author/CB)

Crawford, Duane W.; And Others

1986-01-01

78

Contextual Constraints on Adolescents' Leisure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interlinks crucial cultural themes emerging from preceding chapters, highlighting the contextual constraints in adolescents' use of free time. Draws parallels across the nations discussed on issues related to how school molds leisure time, the balance of passive versus active leisure, timing of leisure pursuits, and the cumulative effect of…

Silbereisen, Rainer K.

2003-01-01

79

Dating as leisure Vronique Flambard (*)  

E-print Network

EA 4272 Dating as leisure Véronique Flambard (*) Nicolas Vaillant (*) François-Charles Wolff-15Oct2010 #12;DATING AS LEISURE Véronique FLAMBARD LEM (UMR 8179 CNRS) and Université Catholique de, to some extent, be a form of leisure. Becker's seminal analysis of marriage (see Grossbard-Shechtman, 1995

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

80

and Leisure Undergraduate Brochure 2007  

E-print Network

Humanities Management and Leisure Undergraduate Brochure 2007 #12;1 1 Contact details 2 Management and Leisure at Manchester 4 The University of Manchester 6 Programme details 8 Our entry requirements 9 Where details Management and Leisure School of Education The University of Manchester Oxford Road Manchester M13

Sattler, Ulrike

81

Leisure Today: Tourism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eleven articles explore a broad range of issues relating to tourism and the leisure profession, including: (1) need for social science research on tourism; (2) economic and population trends; (3) federal legislation and programs to encourage tourism from abroad; (4) tourism education; (5) marketing aproaches and strategies; and (6) studies of…

Howard, Dennis, Ed.; And Others

1983-01-01

82

Enhancing Response to Literature: A Matter of Changing Old Habits.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contends that changing teaching habits may be the only educational reform that really works. Illustrates bad habits by discussing in detail the use of reading quizzes. Suggests that, instead of holding onto such habits to ensure that students read assigned texts, teachers choose more compelling works to read. (HB)

Johannessen, Larry R.

1994-01-01

83

Leisure Participation and Enjoyment among the Elderly: Individual Characteristics and Sociability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from a national survey of adults in Taiwan, this study explored how often older adults participate in and how much they enjoy 2 mostly-solitary leisure activities (reading books and watching TV/DVDs/videos) and 2 mostly-social leisure activities (socializing with friends and engaging in physical activities). According to ordinal…

Chen, Su-Yen; Fu, Yang-Chih

2008-01-01

84

Complete List of Leisure Reading Author Title  

E-print Network

, Douglas THE WILDERNESS WARRIOR: THEODORE ROOSEVELT AND Broad, William Science of Yoga Brockman, John'S CROSSING Brown, Dan THE LOST SYMBOL Brown, Eleanor THE WEIRD SISTERS Brown, Rita Mae TELL-TALE HORSE

Maryland, Baltimore County, University of

85

Leisure Time Boredom: Issues Concerning College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students who do not have leisure skills, cannot manage leisure time, or are not aware that leisure can be psychologically rewarding are more likely to be bored during leisure. This study examined the impact of boredom on leisure of college students in relation to gender, level of education, and activity choice. Subjects at a Midwestern university…

Hickerson, Benjamin D.; Beggs, Brent A.

2007-01-01

86

Why Should I Read?--A Cross-Cultural Investigation into Adolescents' Reading Socialisation and Reading Attitude  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While reading behaviour of adolescents is a frequent object of research, most studies in this field are restricted to a single country. This study investigates reading as a leisure-time activity across social groups from three regions differing in reading tradition as well as in the facilities available for reading. The authors analyse the reading

Broeder, Peter; Stokmans, Mia

2013-01-01

87

Leisure Activities for Dementia Patients.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research has shown that being a caregiver is often very stressful, particularly for individuals acting as caregivers for a demented elder. Caregivers might gain needed time to relax if there were leisure time activities available for demented individuals. A study was undertaken which involved development of the leisure activities; selection and…

Lovett, Steven B.; Rappaport, Meryl B.

88

Work and Leisure in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Higher education is commonly described as offering combinations of work and leisure, but the implied relationship is often limited. Different conceptions of leisure, especially leisure as pleasurable experience, raise new possibilities for seeing academic activity itself as leisure in several important senses. The importance of identifying…

Harris, David

2012-01-01

89

Of Leisure: Education for the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The investigation focused on college students' conception of leisure in the future, particularly their viewpoint about (1) availability of leisure time, (2) role of society relative leisure and (3) use of leisure time. A total of 90 undergraduate college students responded to a questionnaire specially designed for this study. Data indicate…

Rumstein, Regina

90

Habitable Trinity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We propose a new concept of a habitable environment in the search for life beyond Earth that goes beyond the follow-the-water paradigm, newly named Habitable Trinity. Habitable Trinity is the coexistence of an atmosphere (consisting largely of C and N), an ocean (H and O), and a landmass (supplier of nutrients). It is the minimum requirement for the beginning of life to satisfy (1) formation of membrane, (2) metabolism, and (3) self-replication as we know it. A habitable planet, which has largely been defined as having an adequate climate, a sufficient atmosphere, and the presence of liquid water on its surface, is insufficient to meet the requirements to bear life. Also, material circulation driven by the Sun must be maintained with Habitable Trinity to continue the supply of elements necessary to sustain organic radical reactions that is the basis of life. The Sun is the major engine that links the three components primarily through hydrological cycling, including weathering, erosion, and transport of nutrient-enriched landmass materials to the ocean via far-reaching river systems. Habitable Trinity can be applied to other planets and moons to discuss the presence of extraterrestrial life. Mars is considered to be the best target to test the hypothesis of whether life exists elsewhere in our solar system, as it records an ancient Habitable Trinity (i.e., lakes and oceans which interacted with a landmass (cratered southern highlands) and an atmosphere). Other terrestrial planets, as well as satellites of the gaseous giants such as Europa and Titan, have little chance to harbor life as we know it because they lack Habitable Trinity. Going beyond 'the-follow-the-water-approach', the Habitable-Trinity concept provides an index in the quest for life-containing planetary bodies beyond our solar system as the reconnaissance systems become increasingly autonomous and at higher resolution, affording greater perspective during this golden age of international and interdisciplinary exploration and discovery.

Dohm, J. M.; Maruyama, S.

2013-12-01

91

Sports, Recreation, & Leisure Sample Occupations  

E-print Network

Sports, Recreation, & Leisure Sample Occupations Academic Advisor/Athletes Agent, Business Announcer/Broadcaster Sports Industry Publicist Sports Information Director Sports Lawyer Sports Marketing in Travel, Tourism, Hospitality ................. IIB 39-6000 E2 Career Opportunities in the Sports Industry

Ronquist, Fredrik

92

Leisure Patterns and Needs of the Elderly in Rural Galicia (Spain)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A large percentage of the Galician population is aged and lives in rural environments--parishes, hamlets, and villages. This study employed semistructured interviews and focus groups to obtain a qualitative assessment both of (a) the opinions of the elderly living in rural areas regarding their leisure and recreational habits and the provision…

Conde, Maria Dapia

2012-01-01

93

Prediction of leisure-time exercise behavior: A path analysis (LISREL V) model  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an attempt to understand the inherent process underlying the regular practice of physical activity, the relationships among subjective norm, attitude, habit, intention, and future behaviors have been investigated in a random sample of 136 University of Toronto employees. For this purpose, leisure-time exercise behavior was measured on two occasions after a statement of intentions had been obtained: (1) 3

Gaston Godin; Pierre Valois; Roy J. Shephard; Raymond Desharnais

1987-01-01

94

The Carousel Model of Leisure Behavior.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students' understanding of leisure behavior models may be enhanced when the model is presented graphically as a carousel. Leisure behavior is influenced by a multitude of factors, each of which is represented by a part of the carousel. (IAH)

Pestle, Karin H.; And Others

1989-01-01

95

Habitable zone code (Valle+, 2014)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A C computation code that provide in output the distance dm (i for which the duration of habitability is longest, the corresponding duration tm (in Gyr), the width W (in AU) of the zone for which the habitability lasts tm/2, the inner (Ri) and outer (Ro) boundaries of the 4Gyr continuously habitable zone. The code read the input file HZ-input.dat, containing in each row the mass of the host star (range: 0.70-1.10M?), its metallicity (either Z (range: 0.005-0.004) or [Fe/H]), the helium-to-metal enrichment ratio (range: 1-3, standard value = 2), the equilibrium temperature for habitable zone outer boundary computation (range: 169-203K) and the planet Bond Albedo (range: 0.0-1.0, Earth = 0.3). The output is printed on-screen. Compilation: just use your favorite C compiler: gcc hz.c -lm -o HZ (2 data files).

Valle, G.; Dell'Omodarme, M.; Prada Moroni, P. G.; Degl'Innocenti, S.

2014-06-01

96

The meaning of leisure in everyday life  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the ongoing problems surrounding the whole area of leisure studies concerns conceptualization of the term leisure itself. Few empirical studies to date have looked at the meaning of leisure, and even fewer have incorporated a grounded theory approach.Using a symbolic interactionist framework, the present study employed a time?diary technique combined with in?depth interviews to explore perceptions of leisure

Susan M. Shaw

1985-01-01

97

Leisure Role of Public Libraries: User Views  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the second of two articles examining the leisure role of public libraries. The first article examined the leisure role of public libraries in the UK from a historical perspective. This examines the value of the public library service in providing leisure opportunities from a user point of view. The results demonstrate that public libraries…

Hayes, Emma; Morris, Anne

2005-01-01

98

The Theory of the Leisure Class  

Microsoft Academic Search

'Conspicuous consumption of valuable goods is a means of reputability to the gentleman of leisure.' In The Theory of the Leisure Class Thorstein Veblen sets out 'to discuss the place and value of the leisure class as an economic factor in modern life'. In so doing he produced a landmark study of affluent American society that exposes, with brilliant ruthlessness,

Thornstein Veblen

1967-01-01

99

A revised paradigm of leisure choices  

Microsoft Academic Search

A theory?based model distinguishing three kinds of leisure from required nonwork activity has been examined through research on adult leisure in three communities. In the research sequence, the defining dimension of relative freedom and constraint is found central to the perceptions of respondents, but the work?relation dimension does not significantly differentiate types of leisure. The model is revised to replace

John R. Kelly

1978-01-01

100

ORIGINAL CONTRIBUTION Leisure Activity and Cognitive Decline  

E-print Network

ORIGINAL CONTRIBUTION Leisure Activity and Cognitive Decline in Incident Alzheimer Disease Stern, PhD Background: High rates of leisure activity have been associated with reduced risk of Alzheimer disease (AD). Objective: To determine whether prediagnosis leisure activity modifies the rate

101

Commitment and leisure behavior: A theoretical perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept of commitment has been indirectly linked to a variety of topical areas in leisure research. The purpose of this paper is to identify and critique links between commitment and leisure behavior and to identify and discuss the attributes of committed behavior. The contribution of integrating the concept of commitment into research regarding conflict, substitution, recreation specialization, and leisure

Thomas Buchanan

1985-01-01

102

Typology of Leisure of Rural People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Utilizing data from a 1972 sociological survey of rural inhabitants working in the public economy of the province of Novosibirsk, this study examined leisure as an element of the residents' life style. Rural residents with common leisure behaviors were identified through the classification of the behavior's function and quality. Leisure functions…

Tapilina, Vera Sergeevna

103

The Leisure-Time Activity of Citizens  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Survey data show that Russians relegate free time and leisure activity to secondary status compared to work, and free time faces the threat of becoming devalued and losing its importance as a life value. At the same time, in the structure of Russians' leisure activities there is an ongoing tendency for leisure to become simpler, for active types…

Sedova, N. N.

2011-01-01

104

Studenters fritids--och motionsvanor i Umea och Madison. Ett bidrag till forstaelsen av Pierre Bourdieus vetenskapliga metodologi. Akademiska avhanlingar, Pedagogiska institutionen Nr. 58 (Leisure and Exercise Habits among Students in Umea and Madison. A Contribution to the Understanding of Pierre Bourdieu's Scientific Methodology. Academic Dissertation, Faculty of Social Sciences No. 58).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study, presented in Swedish with an English summary, analyzed differences between student groups at Umea University, Sweden, and the University of Wisconsin-Madison in terms of study situations, experiences of the university environment, exercise and sports activities, and the connections between study and leisure time activities. The study…

Lofgren, Kent

105

Adolescents'"Meaning" of Leisure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the attitudes of high school students toward various leisure activities. The study population consisted of 85 students attending a large, desegregated midwestern high school. Study participants were asked to rate each of 18 activities with respect to the following four sets of adjectives on a four-point scale: good/bad,…

Callaway, Rolland

106

Leisure. No Enemy but Ignorance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The five lectures reprinted in this monograph were presented at the past five national conventions of the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance. They offer messages concerning future needs and goals to leisure professionals and students seeking entry into the field. Part I contains: (1) "The Mild Blue…

Neal, Larry L., Ed.

107

Our Leisure-Time Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Education for the wise use of leisure time calls for a new look at use of school facilities. It calls for some new definitions of the role and function of the teacher. And it summons boards of education and parents to stop viewing extracurricular activities as fringe pastimes... Condensed from "The PTA Magazine, LXIV (October 1969) p.12-14.…

Boutwell, William D.

1969-01-01

108

Energy Crisis: The Leisurely Solution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because of their automotive lifestyles, Americans account for the greatest portion of fossil fuel consumption in the world. The desirable leisure lifestyle traits of the past should be incorporated into contemporary American culture. Americans need to wean themselves away from the automobile if the energy crisis is to be solved. (JN)

Mobily, Ken

1980-01-01

109

Reading Interests of Gifted Secondary School Writers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study investigated the relationship between reading and the writings of gifted secondary school writers, especially their developmental reading interests, leisure reading selections, and the influence of others on their literary choices. Subjects, 79 students from rural and urban Arkansas schools were participating in a gifted writers'…

Sullivan, Emilie P.; Donoho, Grace E.

110

Television and Reading Achievement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on a survey of 78 seventh-grade students, conducted to investigate the relationship between television viewing and reading achievement. Notes that good readers' viewing habits were not significantly different from those of poor readers. (JT)

Moldenhauer, Deborah L.; Miller, Wilma H.

1980-01-01

111

Analyzing Student Difficulties in Reading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to this paper, a good reading teacher is able to analyze problems faced by students in reading and remediate that which is necessary. The paper stresses that the reading teacher needs to be a good observer of student reading habits to notice where to intervene to improve the skills and attitudes of the reader. It discusses diagnosis and…

Ediger, Marlow

112

Martian Habitability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Due to the reported Mars surface environmental conditions (Klein, 1978) (oxidative stress, high UV radiation levels, etc.) the possibility for life development in the surface of the red planet is very small. The identification of water-ice on the subsurface on Mars by the Thermal Emission Spectrometer onboard of the Mars Odyssey (Kieffer and Titus, 2001) and from the High Energy Neutron Detector (Litvak, et al., 2006) has important astrobiological connotations, because in addition to be a potential source for water, these locations are shielding habitats against the harsh conditions existing on the planet, like UV radiation (Gomez, et al., 2007; Gomez, et al., 2012). Martian habitability potential could change in particular located micro-niches. Salt deliquescence and hard environmental parameters modification could be relevant for life under protected niches. An example could be endolithic niches inside salt deposits used by phototrophs for taking advantage of sheltering particular light wavelengths. Similar acidic salts deposits are located in Río Tinto extreme environment with shelter life forms which are difficult to localize by eye. Techniques for its localization and study during space missions are needed to develop. Extreme environments are good scenarios where to test and train those techniques and where hypothetical Astrobiological space missions could be simulated for increasing possibilities of micro niches identification. Here we will report some experiments of bacteria exposition to Martian surface conditions in Mars Simulation chamber. Bacteria were shelter and exposed included in simulated salty endolithic micro niches. High percentage of bacteria resistance and adaptation to harsh extreme those conditions was reported (Gómez, F. et al., 2010). These results were used to develop and implement a Habitability Index to study Martian habitability during the next MSL mission to Mars landed on August 2012 on the surface of the red planet.

Gómez, F.

2012-09-01

113

Exoplanet habitability.  

PubMed

The search for exoplanets includes the promise to eventually find and identify habitable worlds. The thousands of known exoplanets and planet candidates are extremely diverse in terms of their masses or sizes, orbits, and host star type. The diversity extends to new kinds of planets, which are very common yet have no solar system counterparts. Even with the requirement that a planet's surface temperature must be compatible with liquid water (because all life on Earth requires liquid water), a new emerging view is that planets very different from Earth may have the right conditions for life. The broadened possibilities will increase the future chances of discovering an inhabited world. PMID:23641111

Seager, Sara

2013-05-01

114

Leisure-Time Physical Exercise: Prevalence, Attitudinal Correlates, and Behavioral Correlates among Young Europeans from 21 Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background.Increasing leisure time physical exercise is a major target of public health programs throughout the developed world, but few international comparisons of exercise habits among people from diverse cultures have been published. The objectives of this study were to assess the prevalence of exercise among young adults from 21 European countries, to analyze associations with health beliefs and risk awareness,

Andrew Steptoe; Jane Wardle; Raymond Fuller; Arne Holte; Joao Justo; Robbert Sanderman; Lars Wichstrøm

1997-01-01

115

Popular Reading Collections in Public University Libraries: A Survey of Three Southeastern States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offering a separate, popular reading collection can be a valuable public service in academic libraries. Popular reading is also known as leisure reading, recreational reading, and reading for pleasure. These phrases are synonyms for an interest in reading bestsellers, mysteries, romance novels, biographies, graphic novels, humor, self-help, or…

Sanders, Mark

2009-01-01

116

Auto-ethnography in leisure studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we explore auto-ethnography, one recent genre of qualitative inquiry that we believe is particularly well-suited for the field of leisure studies. We begin by defining auto-ethnography and describing its key features. We then examine its use in leisure research to date, based on an analysis of auto-ethnographical studies of leisure published in three major qualitative methods journals

Leon Anderson; Mathew Austin

2011-01-01

117

Auto-ethnography in leisure studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we explore auto-ethnography, one recent genre of qualitative inquiry that we believe is particularly well-suited for the field of leisure studies. We begin by defining auto-ethnography and describing its key features. We then examine its use in leisure research to date, based on an analysis of auto-ethnographical studies of leisure published in three major qualitative methods journals

Leon Anderson; Mathew Austin

2012-01-01

118

Leisure Activity Patterns and Their Associations with Overweight: A Prospective Study among Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined longitudinal associations between individual leisure activities (television viewing, video viewing, computer games, listening to music, board games, musical instrument playing, reading, arts, crafts, socializing, clubs or scouts, sports, outdoor activities) and being overweight using logistic regression and latent class analysis in a…

Lajunen, Hanna-Reetta; Keski-Rahkonen, Anna; Pulkkinen, Lea; Rose, Richard J.; Rissanen, Aila; Kaprio, Jaakko

2009-01-01

119

‘All in a day's leisure’: gender and the concept of leisure  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper suggests that leisure conceptualized as time or activity alone poses problems for gender. The underlying idea of leisure as freely-chosen, self-actualizing experience is presented as a basis for broadening the concept. Both the limitations and the freedoms inherent in the leisure experience of women and men may be explained through such a concept of leisure.This concept leads us

Betsy Wearing; Stephen Wearing

1988-01-01

120

Leisure Preferences and Leisure Communication with Peers of Elementary Students with and without Disabilities: Educational Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined and compared the leisure activities and communication about leisure among peers of a large sample of preadolescents without disabilities and their peers with identified disabilities. All responded to a questionnaire about leisure. Findings revealed that these preadolescents participated in a large number and variety of…

Leyser, Yona; Cole, Karen B.

2004-01-01

121

Leisure time activities of elementary school children.  

PubMed

The three most common leisure time activities of 2,200 third and fourth grade children (mean age 8.8 + 0.8; 50.7% girls) and the association of the intensity levels of those activities with demographic variables and risk factors for cardiovascular disease are reported. Activities reported most often by boys were playing video games (33%), playing football (32%), bicycling (31%), watching television (28%), and playing basketball (26%). The girls reported doing homework (39%), bicycling (31%), watching television (30%), dancing (27%), and reading (23%). Overall, the children, especially girls, reported fairly sedentary activities, with an average metabolic equivalent level of 4.2 for girls and 4.8 for boys. Among boys, African Americans reported more vigorous activities than Whites, but the activities reported by White girls were somewhat more vigorous than those reported by non-White girls. Children from a higher socioeconomic status (SES), especially boys, reported a greater proportion of sedentary activities than lower SES children. The risk factors of cholesterol, blood pressure, skinfold thickness, and body mass index were not significantly associated with total activity score. However, significantly more nonobese than obese children reported a vigorous (high-intensity) activity as one of their top three activities. PMID:9316596

Harrell, J S; Gansky, S A; Bradley, C B; McMurray, R G

1997-01-01

122

Tourism and Commercial Recreation Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies  

E-print Network

Tourism and Commercial Recreation Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies Green Mountain and the commercial recreation enterprise as elements of the leisure services delivery system. Topical areas include

Brown, Gregory G.

123

Bowhunting in France, an emergent city dweller leisure  

E-print Network

1 1 Bowhunting in France, an emergent city dweller leisure reconciling sustainable development massively used by the authorities for vermin control. Therefore, bowhunting sits at crossroads of leisure

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

124

Leisure constraints: A survey of past research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a brief review of past research on leisure constraints, paying particular attention to conceptual and analytical issues and to the practical applications of investigating constraints on leisure behavior. Specific findings are not reviewed; the intention is to clarify concepts by focusing upon broadly?defined methodological aspects of past research. These include the nature and role of constraints on

Edgar L. Jackson

1988-01-01

125

A hierarchical model of leisure constraints  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to modify a conceptualization of leisure constraints offered by Crawford and Godbey (1987). It is suggested that Crawford and Godbey's three discrete models of intrapersonal, interpersonal, and structural constraints should be recast as a single integrated model in which leisure participants are viewed as having negotiated a sequential, hierarchical series of constraints levels. Three

Duane W. Crawford; Edgar L. Jackson; Geoffrey Godbey

1991-01-01

126

The Instrumental Leisure of the 'Creative Class  

Microsoft Academic Search

The utopianization of creative work is a pronounced feature of post-industrial societies. This paper analyses the attendant promotion of creative leisure, and its role in supporting discourses and practices of creative work. By analysing the example of Richard Florida's popular text The Rise of the Creative Class (2002) it argues that while creative leisure is offered up as a model

MARK BANKS

127

Management Factors of Women in Leisure Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study investigated past socialization processes that affected particular women's career choices and career mobility in the leisure services field. The study's purposes were: (1) to ascertain the presence of management-related success socialization factors in current female professionals and female students in the leisure services field within…

Stefanics, Elizabeth T.

128

Segmenting Leisure Travelers by Risk Reduction Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is an initial attempt in using risk reduction strategies as the basis for segmenting leisure travelers. Results of the study generated insights into the nature of consumer markets and created three segments of travelers who adopted risk reduction strategies in different ways. The three leisure travelers' segments include: socially reliant risk reducers, self-initiated risk reducers, and unconcerned about

Ada S. Lo; Rob Law; Catherine Cheung

2011-01-01

129

Leisure Education and the Quality of Life.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary purpose of the conference was to develop a general awareness of leisure education as a process for the enrichment of the quality of life. Conference objectives were: (1) to develop an awareness of the relationship of education for leisure and the quality of life; (2) to examine the needs of people at various stages of the life cycle…

Mundy, Jean, Ed.; Cannon, Frances C., Ed.

130

Leisure Studies as a Teaching Object  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the constraints on leisure stud ies curricula, initially prompted by discussion of tourism in earlier articles in the Journal of Hospi tality, Leisure, Sport and Tourism Education (JoHLSTE). Institutional constraints are explored, as well as theoretical developments. These are illustrated by discussion of the different levels a t which decisions are made about what to teach and

David Harris; St John

2005-01-01

131

Rekindle the Love of Reading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This author describes a reading project using Kindles that was designed to increase the reading habits of 9th graders. With a selection of 500 titles for classroom usage, students were encouraged to read any book they chose--in addition to those required for their school term. Isero states that, in the past, many of his students would not risk…

Isero, Mark

2014-01-01

132

Relationship between participation in leisure activities and constraints on Taiwanese breastfeeding mothers during leisure activities  

PubMed Central

Background Participation in leisure activities strongly associates with health and well-being. Little research has explored the relationship between participation in leisure activities and constraints on breastfeeding mothers during leisure activities. The purposes of this study are: 1) to investigate constraints on breastfeeding mothers during leisure activities and participation in leisure activities; 2) to investigate the differences between preferences for leisure activities and actual participation by breastfeeding mothers; 3) to segment breastfeeding mothers with similar patterns, using a cluster analysis based on the delineated participation in leisure activities and leisure preferences; 4) to explore any differences between clusters of breastfeeding mothers with respect to socio-demographic characteristics, breastfeeding behaviours and leisure constraints. Methods This study has a cross-sectional design using an online survey conducted among mothers having breastfeeding experiences of more than four months. The questionnaire includes demographic variables, breastfeeding behaviours, preferences for leisure activities participation, and constraints on leisure activities. Collection of data occurred between March and July 2011, producing 415 valid responses for analysis. Results For breastfeeding mothers, this study identifies constraints on breastfeeding related to leisure activities in addition to the three traditional factors for constraints in the model. This study demonstrates that reports of constraints related to children, family, and nursing environments are the most frequent. Breastfeeding mothers in Taiwan participate regularly in family activities or activities related to their children. Cluster analysis classified breastfeeding mothers into Action and Contemplation groups, and found that mothers within the latter group participate less in leisure activities and experienced more constraints related to breastfeeding. Conclusions Implications provide a developmental design for public health policies for nursing-friendly environments to increase opportunities for breastfeeding mothers to engage in leisure activities and suggest various types of activities to increase participation of that population. PMID:23627993

2013-01-01

133

Reading? Does Television Viewing Time Affect It?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two hundred twenty-six 5th and 6th graders were the subjects of this study to correlate amount of television viewing and reading scores. It was found that the average viewing time per week for girls was 28 hours and for boys 30 hours. A slight relationship was reported between reading ability and amount of leisure time spent watching television.…

Starkey, John D.; Swinford, Helen Lee

134

LEISURE ACTIVITY PATTERNS AND THEIR ASSOCIATIONS WITH OVERWEIGHT: A PROSPECTIVE STUDY AMONG ADOLESCENTS  

PubMed Central

We examined longitudinal associations between individual leisure activities (television viewing, video viewing, computer games, listening to music, board games, musical instrument playing, reading, arts, crafts, socializing, clubs or scouts, sports, outdoor activities) and being overweight using logistic regression and latent class analysis in a cohort of Finnish twins responding to self-report questionnaires at 11–12 (N=5184), 14, and 17 years. We also studied activity patterns (“Active and sociable”, “Active but less sociable”, “Passive but sociable”, “Passive and solitary”) thought to represent different lifestyles. Among boys, activity patterns did not predict becoming overweight, but sports and playing an instrument reduced the risk and arts and listening to music increased it. Among girls, few individual leisure activities predicted becoming overweight. However, girls in the “Passive and solitary” cluster carried the greatest risk of becoming overweight in late adolescence. Studying leisure activities related to overweight may help focus specific interventions on high risk groups. PMID:19345989

Lajunen, Hanna-Reetta; Keski-Rahkonen, Anna; Pulkkinen, Lea; Rose, Richard J.; Rissanen, Aila; Kaprio, Jaakko

2009-01-01

135

Leisure activity patterns and their associations with overweight: a prospective study among adolescents.  

PubMed

We examined longitudinal associations between individual leisure activities (television viewing, video viewing, computer games, listening to music, board games, musical instrument playing, reading, arts, crafts, socializing, clubs or scouts, sports, outdoor activities) and being overweight using logistic regression and latent class analysis in a cohort of Finnish twins responding to self-report questionnaires at 11-12 (N=5184), 14, and 17 years. We also studied activity patterns ("Active and sociable", "Active but less sociable", "Passive but sociable", "Passive and solitary") thought to represent different lifestyles. Among boys, activity patterns did not predict becoming overweight, but sports and playing an instrument reduced the risk and arts and listening to music increased it. Among girls, few individual leisure activities predicted becoming overweight. However, girls in the "Passive and solitary" cluster carried the greatest risk of becoming overweight in late adolescence. Studying leisure activities related to overweight may help focus specific interventions on high risk groups. PMID:19345989

Lajunen, Hanna-Reetta; Keski-Rahkonen, Anna; Pulkkinen, Lea; Rose, Richard J; Rissanen, Aila; Kaprio, Jaakko

2009-10-01

136

Adolescent Leisure Dimensions, Psychosocial Adjustment, and Gender Effects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Leisure provides the context for much of adolescent behaviour and development. While both theory and research point to the benefits of participation in leisure activities that are highly structured, the association between structured leisure and psychosocial adjustment is not uniformly high. This paper presents a model of adolescent leisure

Bradley, Graham L.; Inglis, Brad C.

2012-01-01

137

Leisure Activities and the Risk of Dementia in the Elderly  

Microsoft Academic Search

background Participation in leisure activities has been associated with a lower risk of dementia. It is unclear whether increased participation in leisure activities lowers the risk of dementia or participation in leisure activities declines during the preclinical phase of dementia. methods We examined the relation between leisure activities and the risk of dementia in a pro- spective cohort of 469

Joe Verghese; Richard B. Lipton; Mindy J. Katz; Charles B. Hall; Carol A. Derby; Gail Kuslansky; Anne F. Ambrose; Martin Sliwinski; Herman Buschke

2003-01-01

138

Sport Participation vs. Sport Spectatorship: Two Modes of Leisure Behavior.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a study that examined and compared sport participation during leisure time and spectatorship and interest in sport as a leisure activity. The examination concentrated on motivational structure, socialization, and relationship between modes of leisure. Differences between the two sport-related types of leisure behavior are…

Shamir, Boas; Ruskin, Hillel

1984-01-01

139

Deviant leisure: Uncovering the “goods” in transgressive behaviour  

Microsoft Academic Search

Leisure studies has held to a traditional understanding of leisure activities as inherently and unquestionably “good,” a view that leaves little room to consider deviance within the purview of leisure behaviour and its study within the discipline. Stebbins’ theoretical framework of serious leisure provides a context through which conventional understandings of deviant behaviour may be challenged and the limiting doxic

2006-01-01

140

Examining What Older Adults Read and Watch on TV.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reading and television preferences of 58 adults over 65 and 39 younger adults were compared. More younger people watched entertainment programs. More older blacks than whites read religious materials and watched TV for news; more older whites read leisure materials and viewed entertainment. More older people disliked TV violence. Overall, most…

Scales, Alice M.

1996-01-01

141

ERIC/RCS: Reading and the Elderly.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews physical and mental factors that influence the reading habits of older Americans. Discusses their motivations for reading, reading programs for institutionalized elders, ways to encourage older people to use the public library, and other ways to encourage older people to read. (SKC)

Aiex, Nola Kortner

1987-01-01

142

College Reading and Television's Instant Image.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Concern is expressed here with college reading programs and with improvements needed to enable them to keep pace with the effects of rapid progress in the communications field on reading habits. Reading, especially critical reading, will be more necessary than ever in interpreting and evaluating all the ideas being gained or received from the…

Carroll, Hazel Horn

143

Effects of Type a Personality and Leisure Ethic on Chinese College Students' Leisure Activities and Academic Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of Type A personality and leisure ethic on students' leisure activities and academic performance. Chinese college students in the Republic of China were classified as either Type A or Type B, and as either high leisure ethic or low leisure ethic, based on the median-split in their scores on

Thomas Li-ping Tang

1988-01-01

144

Activating & Engaging Habits of Mind. A Developmental Series, Book 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is the second in a four-book series on habits of mind. It translates a habits of mind approach to education into action using classroom-tested advice. Contributions come from practitioners in literature, math, music, foreign language, reading, character education, and social science. After "Series Foreword: Thinking on the Road of Life"…

Costa, Arthur L., Ed.; Kallick, Bena, Ed.

145

Leisure Time: Do Married and Single Individuals Spend It Differently?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data from the 1998-1999 Family Interaction, Social Capital, and Trends in Time Use Study, the authors estimated the time use of 1,151 respondents on various leisure activities (e.g., active leisure, passive leisure, and social entertainment). Onaverage, the most time was spent on active sports (12 minutes) in the active leisure category, TVuse (119 minutes) in the passive leisure category,

Yoon G. Lee; Vibha Bhargava

2004-01-01

146

Leisure: Revolutionary Creator of a Planetary Society  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The twentieth century, presently recognized as the years of the industrial revolution, may be remembered as the evolutionary age of leisure, when humanity realized its greatest dream: the creation of a world community. (JD)

Arnold, Nellie

1976-01-01

147

A theory of the attributes, benefits, and causes of leisure experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews previous theoretical statements about the nature of leisure experience, describes a theory of leisure experience, and reviews research evidence bearing on the theory. Researchable postulates are stated regarding the nature of leisure experience and the leisure state, the conditions necessary to experience leisure and the leisure state, and the effects on the individual of experiencing leisure and

Howard E. A. Tinsley; Diane J. Tinsley

1986-01-01

148

What Makes a World Habitable?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson about characteristics necessary for life. Learners will identify the top candidates for life in the solar system by examining Habitability Cards, which discuss each planet and the six large moons in terms of water temperature, atmosphere, energy, and nutrients. A math extension is provided on the Inverse Square Law. Includes background reading for teachers, student activity guide, reflection questions, and blackline masters. This is activity 3 of 5 in the educators guide, Astrobiology in your Classroom: Life on Earth..and Elsewhere?

149

Quality of Life and Leisure Activities: How Do Leisure Activities Contribute to Subjective Well-Being?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The quality of life is determined with objective factors and also with subjective perception of factors which influence human life. Leisure activities play a very important role in subjective well-being because they provide opportunities to meet life values and needs. Through participation in leisure activities people build social relationships,…

Brajsa-Zganec, Andreja; Merkas, Marina; Sverko, Iva

2011-01-01

150

Contextualizing Leisure Research to Encompass Complexity in Lived Leisure Experience: The Need for Creative Analytic Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many qualitative manuscripts published on the phenomenon of leisure remain post positivist privileging the traditional scientific method as the way of conducting and representing research. Such traditional approaches to research lead to debates about whether interpretative accounts can accurately, adequately, directly, or completely capture, depict, describe, or portray social life. In response to this crisis of representation, many leisure scholars

Diana C. Parry; Corey W. Johnson

2007-01-01

151

A history of leisure activities at SANAE, an Antarctic research base (1970-93).  

PubMed

Leisure activities of the crew at the South African National Antarctic Expedition (SANAE) are reported for the period from 1970-1993. Favorite pastimes at the underground base were card games, pool, darts, movies and videos, music, reading, and mind-games. Cliques and hierarchies developed among the men. Outdoor activities were limited to the summer. The significance of physical activities in social isolation is explored. PMID:11541838

van der Merwe, F J

1998-04-01

152

Relationships between sixth-graders’ reading comprehension and two different measures of print exposure  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined sixth-graders’ reading comprehension and component reading abilities in relation to two measures of print\\u000a exposure: an author recognition test (ART) involving fiction authors and a reading habits questionnaire (RHQ) about children’s\\u000a voluntary reading for enjoyment across various genres. The ART correlated only with children’s fiction book reading habits,\\u000a not with other habits such as nonfiction book or

Louise Spear-Swerling; Pamela O. Brucker; Michael P. Alfano

2010-01-01

153

Reading Fluency as an Indicator of Reading Comprehension  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship between fourth grade primary school students' reading habits/conditions/ situations and their comprehension regarding what they read. For this purpose, a correlational survey method was used in the study. 90 fourth-grade students who were attending a state primary school in the center of Ku¨tahya…

Basaran, Mustafa

2013-01-01

154

The Relationship between Students' Reading Orientations and Their Strategic Activity during a Collaborative Reading Task  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the connection between middle school students' beliefs about reading and their use of comprehension strategies during a collaborative reading activity. Seventy-one fifth- and sixth-grade students were videotaped while they worked in small groups to read and discuss short texts describing the reading habits and abilities of four…

Davis, Dennis S.; Neitzel, Carin

2010-01-01

155

Enhancing Student Response to Literature: A Matter of Changing Old Habits.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To help improve students' ability to interpret and write about literature, teachers should get rid of old habits. The old habits include giving quizzes to make sure students read assignments, and assigning readings just because particular works are part the literary canon. Once a teacher assigns a novel and gives a quiz, everything the teacher and…

Johannessen, Larry R.

156

Reading Interest Patterns of Adults at Three Educational Levels.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to analyze and compare the reading interests of adults from three educational levels. Fourteen adults in a community college reading center, 20 adults from various professional occupations, and 23 adults from a reading education class were given a reading interest inventory concerned with their reading habits and preferences…

Haase, Ann Marie Bernazza; And Others

157

Learning at your Leisure: Modelling Mobile Collaborative Learners  

E-print Network

Learning at your Leisure: Modelling Mobile Collaborative Learners Anders Kofod-Petersen and Sobah of their classrooms and combine learning with leisure [1] or learn sponta- neously, in response to recent, current

Langseth, Helge

158

Emotional and cognitive health correlates of leisure activities in older Latino and Caucasian women.  

PubMed

This study examined differences in the frequency of leisure activity participation and relationships to depressive symptom burden and cognition in Latino and Caucasian women. Cross-sectional data were obtained from a demographically matched subsample of Latino and Caucasian (n = 113 each) postmenopausal women (age ?60 years), interviewed in 2004-2006 for a multiethnic cohort study of successful aging in San Diego County. Frequencies of engagement in 16 leisure activities and associations between objective cognitive performance and depressive symptom burden by ethnicity were identified using bivariate and linear regression, adjusted for physical functioning and demographic covariates. Compared to Caucasian women, Latinas were significantly more likely to be caregivers and used computers less often. Engaging in organized social activity was associated with fewer depressive symptoms in both groups. Listening to the radio was positively correlated with lower depressive symptom burden for Latinas and better cognitive functioning in Caucasians. Cognitive functioning was better in Latinas who read and did puzzles. Housework was negatively associated with Latinas' emotional health and Caucasians' cognitive functioning. Latino and Caucasian women participate in different patterns of leisure activities. Additionally, ethnicity significantly affects the relationship between leisure activities and both emotional and cognitive health. PMID:21391135

Herrera, Angelica P; Meeks, Thomas W; Dawes, Sharron E; Hernandez, Dominique M; Thompson, Wesley K; Sommerfeld, David H; Allison, Matthew A; Jeste, Dilip V

2011-12-01

159

Space Station habitability research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose and scope of the Habitability Research Group within the Space Human Factors Office at the NASA/Ames Research Cente is described. Both near-term and long-term research objectives in the space human factors program pertaining to the U.S. manned Space Station are introduced. The concept of habitability and its relevancy to the U.S. space program is defined within a historical context. The relationship of habitability research to the optimization of environmental and operational determinants of productivity is discussed. Ongoing habitability research efforts pertaining to living and working on the Space Station are described.

Clearwater, Y. A.

1986-01-01

160

Space Station Habitability Research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose and scope of the Habitability Research Group within the Space Human Factors Office at the NASA/Ames Research Center is described. Both near-term and long-term research objectives in the space human factors program pertaining to the U.S. manned Space Station are introduced. The concept of habitability and its relevancy to the U.S. space program is defined within a historical context. The relationship of habitability research to the optimization of environmental and operational determinants of productivity is discussed. Ongoing habitability research efforts pertaining to living and working on the Space Station are described.

Clearwater, Yvonne A.

1988-01-01

161

Leisure Participation Pattern of Residents in a New Chinese City  

Microsoft Academic Search

The leisure sector in Chinese cities has flourished in recent years. Lacking leisure studies could compromise resource supply and management. We explored urban residents’ participation in twenty-five leisure activities in Zhuhai, a newly developed city in south China. Leisure activities were classified into four groups based on consumption venue (intrahome and extrahome) and physical activities (passive and active). A face-to-face

C. Y. Jim; Wendy Y. Chen

2009-01-01

162

To Read or Not to Read: A Meta-Analysis of Print Exposure From Infancy to Early Adulthood  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research synthesis examines whether the association between print exposure and components of reading grows stronger across development. We meta-analyzed 99 studies (N = 7,669) that focused on leisure time reading of (a) preschoolers and kindergartners, (b) children attending Grades 1–12, and (c) college and university students. For all measures in the outcome domains of reading comprehension and technical reading

Suzanne E. Mol; Adriana G. Bus

2011-01-01

163

Influence of leisure activity on the incidence of Alzheimer's Disease  

E-print Network

Influence of leisure activity on the incidence of Alzheimer's Disease N. Scarmeas, MD; G. Levy, MD leisure activities modify the risk for incident dementia. Background: Although high educational leisure activities and dementia risk has not been adequately investigated. Methods: A total of 1

164

ESOcast Episode 26: Life and Leisure at Paranal  

E-print Network

ESOcast Episode 26: Life and Leisure at Paranal 00:00 [Visuals start] [Narrator] 1. The Sun sets, especially in these harsh conditions. Everyone at the observatory has leisure time, and enthusiastically at sunset Astronomers during observations Guisard or Salgado time-lapse Various leisure activities (short

Liske, Jochen

165

20 CFR 638.509 - Leisure-time employment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Leisure-time employment. 638.509 Section...ACT Center Operations § 638.509 Leisure-time employment. A center operator may authorize gainful leisure time employment of students as long...

2011-04-01

166

Exploring the role of forestry in tourism Leisure landscapes  

E-print Network

Exploring the role of forestry in tourism Leisure landscapes Suzanne Martin Social and Economic Research Group #12;1Leisure landscapes: exploring the role of forestry in tourism Exploring the role of forestry in tourism Leisure landscapes Suzanne Martin Social and Economic Research Group #12

167

Intervention for Positive Use of Leisure Time among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College student excessive alcohol use is a pressing public health concern, and many of the negative events associated with heavy drinking occur during leisure or free time. Positive use of leisure can lead to coping skills, stress reduction, and healthy development. Negative use of leisure, including heavy alcohol use, is associated with physical…

Yarnal, Careen; Qian, Xinyi; Hustad, John; Sims, Damon

2013-01-01

168

Preterm Birth and Leisure Participation: A Synthesis of the Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Leisure participation has been associated with happiness and well-being in children. Individuals born preterm are at greater risk for motor, cognitive and behavioral difficulties which may contribute to difficulties participating in leisure activities. This systematic review examined the current knowledge on participation in leisure activities in…

Dahan-Oliel, Noemi; Mazer, Barbara; Majnemer, Annette

2012-01-01

169

Pastimes: The Context of Contemporary Leisure. 4th Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Originally published in 1996, "Pastimes" introduced an exciting new text that explored leisure and recreation philosophy and science, the various subfields, and the leisure services industry. This new edition is the result of what the author has learned from years of engagement with leisure theory, research, and personal and professional practice.…

Russell, Ruth V.

2009-01-01

170

Leisure Activities and Problem Behaviours among Hungarian Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined leisure behaviours and the relationships between leisure and a variety of problem behaviours in a sample of 1422 Hungarian adolescents (age range: 14-19). Findings from multivariate analyses suggest that some aspects of adolescent leisure, such as family or conventional activities, act as protective factors against problem behaviours,…

Piko, Bettina F.; Vazsonyi, Alexander T.

2004-01-01

171

20 CFR 638.509 - Leisure-time employment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Leisure-time employment. 638.509 Section...ACT Center Operations § 638.509 Leisure-time employment. A center operator may authorize gainful leisure time employment of students as long...

2010-04-01

172

Sharing the square: collaborative leisure in the city streets  

E-print Network

Sharing the square: collaborative leisure in the city streets Abstract. Sharing events with others, in this paper we describe a lightweight mobile system designed for sharing leisure. This system allows city to sharing space at a distance, focusing specifically on mobile users and collaboration as part of leisure

Chalmers, Matthew

173

20 CFR 638.509 - Leisure-time employment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Leisure-time employment. 638.509 Section...ACT Center Operations § 638.509 Leisure-time employment. A center operator may authorize gainful leisure time employment of students as long...

2012-04-01

174

Deviant Leisure: Rethinking “The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly”  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article calls for a more thorough exploration of the concept of deviant leisure. Although deviant leisure often relies on psychiatric discourse as a primary explanation for participation, many forms of deviant leisure cannot be explained convincingly through accounts that focus on psychopathological motivations. Examples discussed herein include consensual sexual sadomasochism, self-identified human vampires, and radical body modification. Such forms

D. J. Williams

2009-01-01

175

Community (Dis)connection Through Leisure for Women in Prison  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines incarcerated women's leisure and re-entry into community. Framed in creative analytic practice, two poems reflect two major themes: (1) women's experiences of disconnection from community prior to and deepened by experiences in prison and (2) leisure and community re-entry, which describes complex meanings of leisure for women in prison and implications for return to community. These poems

Felice Yuen; Susan Arai; Darla Fortune

2012-01-01

176

Rescuing Reading at the Community College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two national studies of Americans' changing reading habits, published by the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA), quantified the grounds for concerns that college and university educators have expressed in recent years based on their own anecdotal evidence from observing students. "Reading at Risk: A Survey of Literary Reading in America" (2004)…

Long, Thomas Lawrence

2009-01-01

177

Leisure Constraints and Acculturation among Korean Immigrants  

Microsoft Academic Search

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: An important challenge facing recreation and park managers is the change in the ethnic and racial profile of constituents. Past research has tended to ignore the fact that ethnic and racial minorities are heterogeneous. It is likely that immigrants from any one country vary markedly in how they experience leisure constraints. Past studies have also not determined the

David Scott; Soojin Lee; Jenny Ji-Yeon Lee; Chulwon Kim

178

Organized Athletics as a Leisure Delivery System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Athletic programs are leisure time delivery systems for the athletes, spectators, and the local community as long as scholarships and extensive media coverage are not involved. College administration should make sure that sports and athletics do not become a delivery sytem for public relations and finance. (CJ)

Kidd, Thomas R.; Mendell, Ron

1980-01-01

179

Leisure, Government and Governance: A Swedish Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The leisure sector has witnessed a tremendous expansion since 1960. The purpose of this article is to analyse the decisions and goals of Swedish government policy during the period 1962 to 2005. The empirical analysis covers government Propositions and governmental investigations. The fields covered are sports, culture, exercise, tourism and…

Lindstrom, Lisbeth

2011-01-01

180

Gender?based analysis of leisure constraints  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data derived from two provincewide surveys of the general public of Alberta, Canada, two empirical questions were addressed: (a) What constraints to leisure do women and men experience, and (b) how does the context of personal and situational circumstances (e.g., age, income, and family structure) filter the effects of constraints among women and men ? Several differences emerged between

Edgar L. Jackson; Karla A. Henderson

1995-01-01

181

Working Vacations: Jobs in Tourism and Leisure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Vacation jobs often mix work and play. For some, the job is their ticket to career happiness. The article's first section describes four jobs specific to entertainment and leisure: (1) cruise ship musician; (2) destination marketing manager; (3) resort activities director; and (4) river rafting guide. The second section helps a person decide if a…

Torpey, Elka Maria

2011-01-01

182

Selection in Exercise, Sport and Leisure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses techniques for selection of library materials in the subjects of exercise, sport and leisure. Details are shared about utilizing standard review sources, locating subject-specific publishers, searching indexes and abstracts as sources of reviews, and tapping into the work of professional organizations.

Allen, Mary Beth

2004-01-01

183

Volunteers in Leisure. A Management Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first chapter of this monograph presents some major themes and fundamental issues surrounding leisure activities volunteers and their management from a system perspective. Chapter 2 discusses the results of a survey conducted to obtain a status report of selected volunteer system characteristics. The third chapter focuses on dealing with…

Tedrick, Ted; Henderson, Karla

184

Defining and measuring habit  

E-print Network

is necessary, even for well-practiced acts, when contexts are unstable. The present research uses participants' reports of their thoughts during performance of habits and non-habits to demonstrate that habitual performance emerges in stable contexts with well-practiced...

Quinn, Jeffrey M.

2012-06-07

185

Teenagers Media Habits.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study attempted to determine what media most effectively communicated to teenagers, how the media habits of Florida teenagers compared with those in other states, and how the media habits of journalism students compared with those not in journalism. A total of 430 students from Florida high schools and 457 from high schools in other states…

Campbell, Laurence R.

186

Why should I read? - A cross-cultural investigation into adolescents' reading socialisation and reading attitude  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

While reading behaviour of adolescents is a frequent object of research, most studies in this field are restricted to a single country. This study investigates reading as a leisure-time activity across social groups from three regions differing in reading tradition as well as in the facilities available for reading. The authors analyse the reading behaviour of a total of 2,173 adolescents in the Netherlands, in Beijing (China), and in Cape Town (South Africa). Taking Icek Ajzen's Theory of Planned Behaviour as a starting point, the authors adjusted it to model the three most important determinants of reading behaviour, namely (1) reading attitude; (2) subjective norms (implicit and explicit social pressure to read); and (3) perceived behavioural control, which includes reading proficiency and appropriateness of the available books (book supply). While they found the adjusted model to fit the Dutch and Beijing situation quite well, it appeared to be inappropriate for the Cape Town situation. Despite considerable cultural and situational differences between the Netherlands and Beijing, the results show a similar pattern for these two environments. The most important determinants turn out to be: the hedonic reading attitude, the implicit norm of family and friends, the attractiveness of the available choice of books, and the perceived reading proficiency.

Broeder, Peter; Stokmans, Mia

2013-06-01

187

Reading in Class & out of Class: An Experience Sampling Method Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study described and compared the reading of sixth and eighth grade students both in and out of school using a unique data set collected with the Experience Sampling Method (ESM). On average, students read forty minutes a day out of class and seventeen minutes a day in class indicating that reading is a common leisure practice for…

Shumow, Lee; Schmidt, Jennifer A.; Kackar, Hayal

2008-01-01

188

Impact of Newspaper Reading on Adolescent Consumers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The results from a study of adolescents' newspaper reading habits and consumer attitudes and behaviors indicate that newspapers play an important role in the acquisition of consumer behaviors during adolescence. (RL)

Moore, Roy L.; Moschis, George P.

1981-01-01

189

Self-reported reading as a predictor of vocabulary knowledge.  

PubMed

25 engineering students in India, who were highly motivated to improve their English, filled out a questionnaire about their reading habits in English and took a demanding vocabulary test based on words taken from preparation books for the Graduate Records Examination. The correlation between reading habits and vocabulary was substantial (r = .78). PMID:24611248

Pratheeba, N; Krashen, S

2013-10-01

190

Reading Preferences and Expectations of Multilingual Israeli University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Israeli students need to be multilingually literate to read academic texts, mainly in Hebrew, Arabic, Russian and English. In fact, little is known about students' reading habits despite a variety of university reading comprehension courses in different languages. The present study examines students' reading preferences and textual expectations,…

Bensoussan, Marsha

2009-01-01

191

The Habitable Zone  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This illustration is an approximate representation of the planets in our solar system and their relation to what scientists call The Habitable Zone. The planet distances from the sun are measured in Astronomical Units (AU) and are not to scale.

2008-03-26

192

Habitability design for spacecraft  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Habitability is understood to mean those spacecraft design elements that involve a degree of comfort, quality or necessities to support man in space. These elements are environment, architecture, mobility, clothing, housekeeping, food and drink, personal hygiene, off-duty activities, each of which plays a substantial part in the success of a mission. Habitability design for past space flights is discussed relative to the Mercury, Gemini, Apollo, and Skylab spacecraft, with special emphasis on an examination of the Shuttle Orbiter cabin design from a habitability standpoint. Future projects must consider the duration and mission objectives to meet their habitability requirements. Larger ward rooms, improved sleeping quarters and more complete hygiene facilities must be provided for future prolonged space flights

Franklin, G. C.

1978-01-01

193

Habitability study shuttle orbiter  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Studies of the habitability of the space shuttle orbiter are briefly summarized. Selected illustrations and descriptions are presented for: crew compartment, hygiene facilities, food system and galley, and storage systems.

1972-01-01

194

Motivation and study habits  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first part of the article reviews the literature (mainly British) on the relationships between academic performance in higher education and motivation and study habits. The distinction between goal-orientated and intrinsic motivation is used to clarify the meaning of previous studies. Among the investigations of study habits, the dimension of syllabus-boundness\\/syllabus-freedom helps to relate psychiatric work on study difficulties to

N. J. Entwistle; Jennifer Thompson; J. D. Wilson

1974-01-01

195

Changing food habits in Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

In planning for the improvement of Nutrition in Africa there is a need to change food habits. This paper reports on studies of food taboos and food habits in Nigeria and discusses their implication in the present?day eating habits of the people. The great interest of Africans in education will play a great part in helping to change food habits

A. Omololu

1972-01-01

196

The Occupation of Leisure: Three Typologies and Their Influence on Mental Health in Adolescence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Structural equation modeling of data on 850 adolescents' leisure participation indicated a significant positive relationship between leisure and mental health. Leisure had a positive influence on self-efficacy, competence, and global self-worth. Only selected forms of leisure had these effects; e.g., achievement leisure enhanced self-efficacy and…

Passmore, Anne

2003-01-01

197

Making leisure and recreation research a scholarly topic: Views of a journal editor, 1972–1982  

Microsoft Academic Search

The founding co?editor of Leisure Sciences provides a critical analysis of the events of 1972–1982 that shaped the topics of leisure and recreation research. Specific topics include: the development of publication outlets for research; leisure in the hierarchy of scholarly activity; the attempt to establish boundaries on leisure research; what are the criteria for acceptable research; and who does leisure

Rabel J. Burdge

1983-01-01

198

Emerging Adults at Work and at Play: Leisure, Work Engagement, and Career Indecision  

Microsoft Academic Search

To expand the understanding of how leisure and recreational activities can inform career indecision, this research examined the relationship between career indecision, work engagement, and leisure in emerging adults, 25—30 years of age. Independent sample t tests reveal that career indecisive emerging adults scored significantly lower on all three leisure factors on the Leisure Diagnostic Battery, Short Form (LDB-B): Leisure

Varda Konstam; Ilana S. Lehmann

2011-01-01

199

Weather impacts on leisure activities in Halifax, Nova Scotia.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of daily atmospheric weather conditions on daily leisure activity engagement, with a focus on physically active leisure. The methods capitalize on time diary data that were collected in Halifax, Nova Scotia to calculate objective measures of leisure activity engagement. Daily meteorological data from Environment Canada and daily sunrise and sunset times from the National Research Council of Canada are used to develop objective measures of the natural atmospheric environment. The time diary data were merged with the meteorological data in order to quantify the statistical association between daily weather conditions and the type, participation rate, frequency, and duration of leisure activity engagement. The results indicate that inclement and uncomfortable weather conditions, especially relating to thermal comfort and mechanical comfort, pose barriers to physically active leisure engagement, while promoting sedentary and home-based leisure activities. Overall, daily weather conditions exhibit modest, but significant, effects on leisure activity engagement; the strongest associations being for outdoor active sports and outdoor active leisure time budgets. In conclusion, weather conditions influence the type, participation rate, frequency, and duration of leisure activity engagement, which is an important consideration for health-promotion programming. PMID:20499254

Spinney, Jamie E L; Millward, Hugh

2011-03-01

200

Leisure constraints which affect continued nonresident hunter participation  

E-print Network

This thesis provides information about Texas nonresident hunter characteristics and uses a leisure constraints model to determine whether intrapersonal, interpersonal, and structural constraints affect continued nonresident hunting participation...

Cook, Kathrine Helen

2012-06-07

201

Intervention for Positive Use of Leisure Time Among College Students  

PubMed Central

College student excessive alcohol use is a pressing public health concern, and many of the negative events associated with heavy drinking occur during leisure or free time. Positive use of leisure can lead to coping skills, stress reduction, and healthy development. Negative use of leisure, including heavy alcohol use, is associated with physical inactivity, stress, and short and long-term health concerns. We contend that using the classroom context to help college students understand why it is beneficial to engage in positive leisure pursuits and how that engagement will promote personal growth is of critical importance to healthy development. PMID:24198896

Yarnal, Careen; Qian, Xinyi; Hustad, John; Sims, Damon

2013-01-01

202

Reading(s).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed for college English courses, this book presents selections of poetry, short stories, and commentary intended to invite different ways of reading and interpreting literature. An introduction provides an overview of the book's content, as well as a discussion of how to read. The first section, "Entering a Language," considers the…

Summerfield, Geoffrey; Summerfield, Judith

203

Habitability in Binary Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Progress towards understanding factors that contribute to habitability on planets in binary systems is summarized. In wide binaries, habitable zones (HZ) may contain so called S-type planets, a planet orbiting one of the stellar components. For most stable planetary orbits the HZ is dominated by the star being orbited, especially if it is the more luminous star. In circumbinary, P-type planets, UV may be reduced and planetary magnetic protection may be significantly enhanced, for orbital periods greater than 20 days, due to the rapid synchronization of the stellar rotation with the binary orbit. We suggest that estimates of the number of planets capable of sustaining complex life should include a significant number of potentially habitable circumbinary planets.

Mason, Paul A.; Clark, J.; Cuartas, P. A.; Zuluaga, J. I.; Bustamante, S.

2013-06-01

204

Health Status and Leisure Behavior of Sexual Assault Victims: Educational Opportunities for Health and Leisure Professionals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The health status and leisure behavior of victims of sexual assault were studied. Data concerning present illness symptoms, past illness symptoms, negative health behavior, family health history, and female reproductive physiology illness symptoms were obtained and analyzed. Sexual assault victims were similar to nonvictims demographically except…

Sheffield, Emilyn A.; And Others

205

Leisure Today: Leisure and Special Populations--Satisfaction, Enrichment, and Hope.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A series of nine articles discusses how to meet the leisure needs of diverse populations, focusing on pluralism and gang prevention, children and AIDS, socialization for the homeless, homosexual youth, the unemployed, recovering alcoholics, adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse, and Vietnam veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder. (SM)

Raymond, Lisa Pesavento; And Others

1992-01-01

206

Picturing Leisure: Using Photovoice to Understand the Experience of Leisure and Dementia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviews and participant observation are commonly used to explore the experience of dementia, yet may not adequately capture perspectives of persons with dementia as communication changes. We used photovoice (i.e., using cameras in qualitative research) along with interviews and participant observation to explore meanings of leisure for persons…

Genoe, M. Rebecca; Dupuis, Sherry L.

2013-01-01

207

Psychometric Evidence for the Leisure Interest Questionnaire and Analyses of the Structure of Leisure Interests  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study provides evidence of reliability and validity for the Leisure Interest Questionnaire (LIQ; J. C. Hansen, 1998). Undergraduate students completed the LIQ and Strong Interest Inventory (SII; E. K. Strong Jr., 1927) at Time 1 and the LIQ 5 weeks later. The internal consistency and test-retest reliability of the LIQ scales were calculated.…

Hansen, Jo-Ida C.; Scullard, Mark G.

2002-01-01

208

From Substitution to Coping: Developing and Testing a Leisure Constraints-Based Coping Model  

E-print Network

The conceptualization of leisure constraints is dependent on negotiating a hierarchy of intrapersonal, interpersonal, and structural leisure constraints. It has become a recognizable and distinct subfield within leisure studies. Research has shown...

Tseng, Yung-Ping

2010-01-14

209

Activity-Based Serendipitous Recommendations with the Magitti Mobile Leisure Guide  

E-print Network

Activity-Based Serendipitous Recommendations with the Magitti Mobile Leisure Guide Victoria generates recommendations for content matching. Extensive field studies of leisure time practices, interaction, context- aware computing, mobile recommendation systems, leisure. ACM Classification Keywords H5

Chi, Ed Huai-hsin

210

Study habits of CS1 students: what do they do outside the classroom?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we report the results of a survey of the study habits of CS1 students. In this survey, students were asked how much time they spent on course-related activities such as reading the textbook, working on problems outside class, using online learning tools, and consulting with their instructor. We identified factors that influenced student study habits and how

Donald Chinn; Judy Sheard; Angela Carbone; Mikko-Jussi Laakso

2010-01-01

211

Health Habits of Nursing versus Non-nursing Students: A Longitudinal Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Health Habits Inventory was completed at two time intervals by 71 nursing and 83 other students. Nursing students scored higher in health habits and improved significantly over 2 years, especially in such behaviors as eating breakfast, performing self-exams, reading food labels, wearing seatbelts, and exercising. (SK)

Shriver, Cathy B.; Scott-Stiles, Anne

2000-01-01

212

Reading and Readers in Changing Estonia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines reading habits of Estonians with studies dating back to the 1960s and discusses the impact of the printed word on culture. Focuses on changes since the Estonian's transition to the market economy: (1) reading has become casual and less frequent; (2) literary preferences have shifted; and (3) smaller home libraries have increased the need…

Lepik, Aira

1995-01-01

213

The Reading Process and the Elderly.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research dealing with reading interests, habits, and problems of the older reader has been primarily a tangential result of surveys concerned with reading activities of the general population. The studies reviewed were selected to give an overview of existing research with suggestions for future investigation. (Author)

Robinson, Richard D.; Haase, Ann Marie Bernazza

1979-01-01

214

THE READING PROCESS AND THE ELDERLY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research dealing with the reading interests, habits, and problems of the older reader has been primarily a tangential result of surveys concerned with the reading activities of the general population. The studies reviewed in this paper were selected to give an overview of the existing research with suggestions for future investigation.

Richard D. Robinson; Ann Marie Bernazza Haase

1979-01-01

215

The Rise of E-Reading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The growing popularity of e-books and the adoption of specialized e-book reading devices are documented in a series of new nationally representative surveys by the Pew Research Center's Internet & American Life Project that look at the public's general reading habits, their consumption of print books, e-books and audiobooks, and their attitudes…

Rainie, Lee; Zickuhr, Kathryn; Purcell, Kristen; Madden, Mary; Brenner, Joanna

2012-01-01

216

State Efforts to Promote Reading and Literary Activities in Communities. NGA Center for Best Practices Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rates of reading in the United States have been declining for at least two decades, with the steepest decline occurring among young adults. Fewer than half of adults read literature--poetry, plays, short stories or novels--in their leisure time. At the current rate of decline, literary reading will virtually disappear in the next half-century. Few…

National Governors Association, 2006

2006-01-01

217

An Introspective Study of Arabic- and Mandarin-Speakers' Reading Comprehension Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little L2 reading strategy research has explored the effect of linguistic and cross-cultural differences on strategic reading habits. This study attempted to fill this void by examining the reading strategies that Arabic- and Mandarin-speaking immigrants employed when reading and answering Canadian Language Benchmarks Assessment reading

Abbott, Marilyn

2010-01-01

218

The Habits of Worms  

Microsoft Academic Search

So little is known about the habits of worms that it seems desirable to place on record any new observation calculated to throw light on the subject. On September 17 I received from Mr. Edwards, curator of the Worcester Museum, a small tube containing about half a score of living worms. The letter which accompanied the tube informed me that

Hilderic Friend

1910-01-01

219

Are Korean Secondary School Girls Physically Active During Leisure Time?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our aims in this study were to identify the types of physical activity during leisure time and to determine if Korean secondary school girls participate in enough physical activity during leisure time to promote health. Of the 1,088 girls randomly selected by a multistaged cluster sampling technique, 705 girls completed questionnaires. Seventy-five percent of Korean secondary school girls spent time

Minhaeng Cho; Wook-Dong Kwon; Yong-Bae Jeon

2010-01-01

220

A Multi-Frame of Reference Approach to Leisure Motivation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was undertaken to lay a more quantitative framework for future research about leisure time and ways people utilize it. The results indicate emotion and involvement are common elements that are related to leisure needs, and that the relationships among the interacting elements change as the frame of reference shifts. (Author)

Groves, David L.; And Others

1975-01-01

221

A Study of the Leisure Experience of Turkish University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The shortened Leisure Experience Battery, developed by Caldwell, Smith, and Weissinger (1992), was applied to a sample of Turkish university students. The Leisure Experience Battery was developed and tested for US (American) adolescents and university students (Barnett, 2005). In the present study the Battery was used to examine a sample of 207…

Gokturk, Soheyda

2009-01-01

222

Leadership for Recreation, Parks, and Leisure Services. Fourth Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Leadership for Recreation, Parks and Leisure Services" presents new perspectives on the importance of leadership in the profession. Integrating theory with practice, the book provides foundational perspectives in the study of leadership at all levels--direct service, supervisory, managerial and community/civic--in recreation, parks and leisure

Edginton, Christopher R.; Hudson, Susan D.; Scholl, Kathleen G.; Lauzon, Lara

2011-01-01

223

A factor analytic study of leisure constraints in advanced adulthood  

Microsoft Academic Search

Leisure lifestyles in a person's later years are often constrained by forces such as inadequate money, lack of transportation, and lack of knowledge. A body of knowledge related to leisure constraints in old age has been growing. This study was designed to advance the work in this area by determining whether commonalities exist which permit the reduction of specific limiting

Francis A. McGuire

1984-01-01

224

Leisure Role of Public Libraries: A Historical Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Leisure has been contested as a valid role of public libraries in the UK since their introduction in 1850 yet it has been a major reason for the public's use of libraries. Where the educational role and information provision function of libraries have been seen as purposeful and worthwhile, the leisure role has been generally valued less with the…

Hayes, Emma; Morris, Anne

2005-01-01

225

Race, residence, and leisure style: Some policy implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationships between race, residence, and leisure style are examined to ascertain if leisure differences are a consequence of subcultural diversity (ethnicity) or differential allocation of recreational resources (marginality). Findings obtained from a sample of urban blacks and whites indicate that ethnicity is a factor that should be considered in the planning and placement of public recreation programs. However, for

Patricia Klobus Edwards

1981-01-01

226

Leisure Activities and Adolescent Psychological Well-Being  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined the validity of the reported link between well-being and leisure participation in adolescents. Nine hundred and forty-seven, Year 10 students from 19 schools in Adelaide, South Australia, were recruited. Participants completed a questionnaire concerning participation in social, non-social and unstructured leisure activities as well as…

Trainor, Sarah; Delfabbro, Paul; Anderson, Sarah; Winefield, Anthony

2010-01-01

227

Linking Leisure Interests to the RIASEC World of Work Map  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study presents an interpretive framework for linking leisure interests, measured by the Leisure Interest Questionnaire (LIQ), to J. L. Holland's (1997) circumplex model of the world of work. Published data representing correlations between the LIQ and Holland's RIASEC interest types were obtained from Hansen and Scullard (2002).…

Armstrong, Patrick Ian; Rounds, James

2008-01-01

228

A Conceptual Framework for Leisure and Subjective Well-Being  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine a conceptual framework for an individual's subjective perception of leisure that contributes to Subjective Well-Being (SWB). More specifically, this study was an attempt to examine causal relationships among social cognitive variables, subjective perception of leisure, and SWB. A survey was administered to…

Kim, Byunggook

2009-01-01

229

‘Race’, sport and leisure: lessons from critical race theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents and explores critical race theory (CRT) as an ontological starting point for the study of sport and leisure. CRT is based on five precepts outlined by Solorzano and Yosso that centre ‘race’ and racism, social justice, plurivocality, transdisciplinarity and challenge orthodoxies. There have been a number of recent criticisms and debates amongst leisure and sports studies writers

KEVIN HYLTON

2005-01-01

230

Baccalaureate Programs in Recreation, Park Resources, and Leisure Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a listing of baccalaureate programs in recreation, park resources, and leisure services that are accredited by the National Recreation and Park Association/American Association of Leisure and Recreation Council on Accreditation. Listings are alphabetical by state and present contact name, address, telephone, fax, email, website,…

Parks & Recreation, 2001

2001-01-01

231

Intermountain Leisure Symposium (8th, Ogden, Utah, November 19, 1987).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contained in this conference report are 22 selected papers presented at a symposium of leisure and recreation professionals. Titles and authors are: (1) "Ethics in Recreation and Leisure Services" (S. Harold Smith); (2) "Growing Opportunities: The Aging Population Market" (Nila M. Ipson); (3) "The Myth of Comfort" (Daniel L. Dustin); (4) "Golf as…

Nelson, Dennis A., Ed.

232

Active Reading Read and Understand  

E-print Network

Active Reading Read and Understand Power Hour for Active Reading! 1. Preview/Skim (5 minutes) Read the table of contents to find out how information is organized. Read/think about the chapter title ­ how can it guide you to look for information while you read? Flip to the summary at the end of chapter

Kasman, Alex

233

Decoding, Reading, and Reading Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To clarify the role of decoding in reading and reading disability, a model of reading is proposed, which holds that reading equals the product of decoding and comprehension. Three types of reading disability are posited, resulting from an inability to decode (dyslexia), an inability to comprehend (hyperlexia), or both (reading disability).…

Gough, Philip B.; Tunmer, William E.

1986-01-01

234

Habitable Zones in the Universe  

E-print Network

Habitability varies dramatically with location and time in the universe. This was recognized centuries ago, but it was only in the last few decades that astronomers began to systematize the study of habitability. The introduction of the concept of the habitable zone was key to progress in this area. The habitable zone concept was first applied to the space around a star, now called the Circumstellar Habitable Zone. Recently, other, vastly broader, habitable zones have been proposed. We review the historical development of the concept of habitable zones and the present state of the research. We also suggest ways to make progress on each of the habitable zones and to unify them into a single concept encompassing the entire universe.

G. Gonzalez

2005-03-14

235

Effects of Type A Personality and Leisure Ethic on Chinese College Students' Leisure Activities and Academic Performance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an earlier laboratory experiment using university students in the United States, Tang and Baumeister (1984) examined the effects of the Leisure Ethic, Type A personality, and task labels on subjects' task performance. The results showed that the interaction between Leisure Ethic endorsement and task label was significant among Type A…

Tang, Thomas Li-Ping

236

PREDICTORS OF READING PERFORMANCE IN COLLEGE?EDUCATED OLDER ADULTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this investigation was to examine the association of related cognitive performance measures, self?reported perceptions of reading ability, self?reported reading habits, and reading proficiency in 83 community?dwelling, college?educated, elderly adults. The findings indicated that 18% of this sample were reading below a twelth grade level on the reading subtest of the Adult Basic Learning Examination (Level 3). A

Robert D. Hill

1993-01-01

237

Radiological Habits Survey: Devonport, 2011  

E-print Network

Radiological Habits Survey: Devonport, 2011 2012 Environment Report RL 01/12 Cefas contract report Radiological Habits Survey: Devonport, 2011 F.J. Clyne, C.J. Garrod, V.E. Ly and P. Rumney Peer reviewed by G.J., Garrod, C.J., Ly, V.E. and Rumney, P., 2012. Radiological Habits Survey: Devonport, 2011. RL 01/12. Cefas

238

Radiological Habits Survey: Heysham, 2011  

E-print Network

Radiological Habits Survey: Heysham, 2011 2012 Environment Report RL 02/12 Cefas contract report C Radiological Habits Survey: Heysham, 2011 C.J. Garrod, F.J. Clyne, V.E. Ly and P. Rumney Peer reviewed by G, C.J., Clyne, F.J., Ly, V.E. and Rumney, P., 2012. Radiological Habits Survey: Heysham, 2011. RL 02

239

Radiological Habits Survey: Sizewell, 2010  

E-print Network

Radiological Habits Survey: Sizewell, 2010 2011 Environment Report RL 12/11 Cefas contract report C Radiological Habits Survey: Sizewell, 2010 C.J. Garrod, F.J. Clyne, P. Rumney, J. Elliott, C.A. Smedley and V, J., Smedley, C., and Ly, V.E., 2011. Radiological Habits Survey: Sizewell, 2010. RL 12/11. Cefas

240

Radiological Habits Survey: Wylfa, 2013  

E-print Network

Radiological Habits Survey: Wylfa, 2013 2014 Environment Report RL 03/14 Cefas contract report C6028 #12;This page has been intentionally left blank #12;Cefas Document Control Radiological Habits blank #12;Environment Report RL 03/14 Final report Radiological Habits Survey: Wylfa, 2013 C.J. Garrod

241

Radiological Habits Survey: Dungeness, 2010  

E-print Network

Radiological Habits Survey: Dungeness, 2010 2011 Environment Report RL 11/11 Cefas contract report Radiological Habits Survey: Dungeness, 2010 F.J. Clyne, C.J. Garrod, V.E. Ly, P. Rumney and J. Elliott Peer: Clyne, F.C., Garrod, C.J., Ly, V.E., Rumney, P., and Elliott, J., 2011. Radiological Habits Survey

242

Radiological Habits Survey: Amersham, 2009  

E-print Network

Radiological Habits Survey: Amersham, 2009 2010 Environment Report RL 04/10 Cefas contract report C Radiological Habits Survey: Amersham, 2009 F.J. Clyne, C.J. Garrod and J. Elliott Peer reviewed by G.J. Hunt.C., Garrod, C.J. and Elliott, J., 2010. Radiological Habits Survey: Amersham, 2009. RL 04/10. Cefas

243

Radiological Habits Survey: Derby, 2009  

E-print Network

Radiological Habits Survey: Derby, 2009 2010 Environment Report RL 05/10 Cefas contract report C Radiological Habits Survey: Derby, 2009 J. Elliott, F.J. Clyne and C.J. Garrod Peer reviewed by G.J. Hunt., Clyne, F.C. and Garrod, C.J., 2010. Radiological Habits Survey: Derby, 2009. RL 05/10. Cefas, Lowestoft

244

Radiological Habits Survey: Wylfa, 2009  

E-print Network

Radiological Habits Survey: Wylfa, 2009 2010 Environment Report RL 03/10 Cefas contract report C Radiological Habits Survey: Wylfa, 2009 C.J. Garrod, F.J. Clyne, J. Elliott and J.R. Tipple Peer reviewed by G, C. J., Clyne, F. C., Elliott, J., and Tipple, J.R., 2010. Radiological Habits Survey: Wylfa, 2009

245

Reading Recovery.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of the Arizona Reading Journal focuses on the theme "reading recovery" and includes the following articles: "Why Is an Inservice Programme for Reading Recovery Teachers Necessary?" (Marie M. Clay); "What Is Reading Recovery?" (Gay Su Pinnell); "Teaching a Hard To Teach Child" (Constance A. Compton); "Reading Recovery in Arizona--A…

Jones, Joanna R., Ed.

1992-01-01

246

The Habitable Zone Gallery  

E-print Network

The Habitable Zone Gallery (www.hzgallery.org) is a new service to the exoplanet community which provides Habitable Zone (HZ) information for each of the exoplanetary systems with known planetary orbital parameters. The service includes a sortable table with information on the percentage of orbital phase spent within the HZ, planetary effective temperatures, and other basic planetary properties. In addition to the table, we also plot the period and eccentricity of the planets with respect to their time spent in the HZ. The service includes a gallery of known systems which plot the orbits and the location of the HZ with respect to those orbits. Also provided are animations which aid in orbit visualization and provide the changing effective temperature for those planets in eccentric orbits. Here we describe the science motivation, the under-lying calculations, and the structure of the web site.

Kane, Stephen R

2012-01-01

247

Exoplanets, extremophiles and habitability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Estimates of the average surface temperature and CO2 partial atmospheric pressure of already discovered exoplanets supposed to be in their Habitable Zone of their stars were surveyed from the Exoplanet Encyclopedia database. Moreover, since planetary surface temperature strongly depends on its albedo and geodynamic conditions, we have been feeding exoplanetary data into a comprehensive model of Earth's atmosphere to get better estimations. We also investigated the possible presence of "exomoons" belonging to giant planets capable of harbour dynamic stability and to retain atmospheric layers and keep geodynamic activity for long time spans. Collected information on biological data of micro-organisms classified as "extremophiles" indicate that such kind of microbial species could dwell in many of them. We thus propose an extension of the more astronomically defined "Habitable Zone" concept into the more astrobiologically "Extremophile Zone", taking into account other refined parameters allowing survival of more robust life forms.

Janot Pacheco, E.; Bernardes, L.

2012-09-01

248

Trajectories of martian habitability.  

PubMed

Beginning from two plausible starting points-an uninhabited or inhabited Mars-this paper discusses the possible trajectories of martian habitability over time. On an uninhabited Mars, the trajectories follow paths determined by the abundance of uninhabitable environments and uninhabited habitats. On an inhabited Mars, the addition of a third environment type, inhabited habitats, results in other trajectories, including ones where the planet remains inhabited today or others where planetary-scale life extinction occurs. By identifying different trajectories of habitability, corresponding hypotheses can be described that allow for the various trajectories to be disentangled and ultimately a determination of which trajectory Mars has taken and the changing relative abundance of its constituent environments. PMID:24506485

Cockell, Charles S

2014-02-01

249

The Voluntary Reading Interests of Jamaican 6th Graders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a nationwide survey of the voluntary reading interests and habits of Jamaican children to discover the specific reading interests of sixth graders relative to the known reading interests of their peers in North America and the United Kingdom. Discusses the role of gender and geography. (Author/LRW)

Shelley-Robinson, Cherrell

2001-01-01

250

Free Reading Is a Simple Idea, But It Works!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Class time devoted to individual reading is a simple, effective means of improving reading motivation in junior high schools. In order to guide students to books that they will enjoy, the teacher needs to know (1) the students' reading habits, abilities, and interests, and (2) the library facilities available. A good paperback library can be…

Fleitz, Jeanette; Harman, Ronald

1969-01-01

251

Non-at-Risk Adolescents' Attitudes towards Reading in a Singapore Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we examine the various nuanced dimensions of adolescents' dispositions towards reading in one secondary school in Singapore, where a high-stakes examination culture often threatens to colonise the practices of leisure reading. Our focus is on the better and more avid readers as they were the ones that developed the more negative…

Bokhorst-Heng, Wendy; Pereira, Delfin

2008-01-01

252

Outer Space Research Helps Color Habitability in Earth Interiors  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Color is one of the most important elements in making an environment habitable. Both color and light level combine to create comfortable and efficient work areas and satisfying leisure time environments. Indeed, without light, color cannot even be experienced. It is vitally important for the designer to understand the subject of habitability and to know how to make a positive impact upon the habitability of spaces through the application of proven principles of color-design developed by the scientific community. Consider some of these possibilities and pitfalls: A color chosen in broad daylight will not appear the same under dim lighting conditions. If a designer were creating a dimly lit cocktail lounge, for example, there is little sense in using dark colors, which also tend to be more expensive. When the eyes have dark-adapted for even five minutes, any color reflecting 20 percent or less will appear black, and the color experience will be lost. Therefore, surface reflectances should be kept at least above 20 to 25 percent to maintain color where illumination is at low levels. In effect, for lower reflectance surfaces, higher levels of illumination are required to produce the most accurate color discriminability.

Haines, Richard F.

1977-01-01

253

Leisure during war: the case of Gallipoli (The Dardanelles War of 1915 in WWI)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Leisure has been a phenomenon throughout history. However, there are some constraints that keep people from engaging in meaningful and beneficial leisure pursuits. One needs to be free of personal, physical and social constraints to be able to experience leisure. As conceptualised by Khaldun and Maslow, there are more basic needs that human beings need to attain before pursuing leisure

Asli D. A. Tasci; Aydin Ayhan

2005-01-01

254

Leisure Boredom and High School Dropout in Cape Town, South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This prospective cohort study investigated whether leisure boredom predicts high school dropout. Leisure boredom is the perception that leisure experiences do not satisfy the need for optimal arousal. Participants completed a self-report questionnaire which included the Leisure Boredom Scale. The original cohort of grade 8 students (n=303) was…

Wegner, Lisa; Flisher, Alan J.; Chikobvu, Perpetual; Lombard, Carl; King, Gary

2008-01-01

255

A Labor/Leisure Tradeoff in Cognitive Control Wouter Kool and Matthew Botvinick  

E-print Network

A Labor/Leisure Tradeoff in Cognitive Control Wouter Kool and Matthew Botvinick Princeton demanding (cognitive labor) and activities that are undemanding but also unproductive (cognitive leisure leisure. However, little is known about how labor/leisure decisions are actually made. Here, we identify

Botvinick, Matthew

256

A sense of entitlement to leisure as constraint and empowerment for women  

Microsoft Academic Search

A number of leisure researchers have indicated that women believe that they have no right to leisure and this belief places a severe limitation on their construction of time for leisure and their attitudes toward leisure. This conceptual article describes entitlement and related background research, offers some reasons why the sense of a lack of entitlement might be so pervasive

Karla A. Henderson; M. Deborah Dialeschki

1991-01-01

257

LEISURE-TIME ACTIVITY-INTERESTS OF TEENAGE YOUTH IN THE WASHINGTON METROPOLITAN AREA.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE LEISURE ACTIVITIES OF YOUTH WERE INVENTORIED IN AN EFFORT TO DETERMINE HOW GOALS AND VALUES WERE FORMED AND CHOICES MADE REGARDING LEISURE ACTIVITIES. THE OBJECTIVES WERE TO ASSEMBLE DATA CONCERNING LEISURE ACTIVITIES OF YOUTH AND TO ASCERTAIN ACTIVITIES AND INTERESTS. A BRIEF QUESTIONNAIRE ON LEISURE ACTIVITIES WAS ADMINISTERED TO NEARLY ALL…

HOFFSOMMER, HAROLD; AND OTHERS

258

Leisure Behavior Pattern Stability During the Transition from Adolescence to Young Adulthood  

Microsoft Academic Search

Leisure is an important context in which human development occurs. Changes in leisure behavior patterns may indicate changing developmental needs or reflect contextual changes that impact leisure behavior. The transition from adolescence to young adulthood provides an excellent opportunity for the study of the stability of leisure behavior as individuals' contexts are changed with the adoption of adult roles and

Leslie A. Raymore; Bonnie L. Barber; Jacquelynne S. Eccles; Geoffrey C. Godbey

1999-01-01

259

Predicting Substance Use Behavior among South African Adolescents: The Role of Leisure Experiences across Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using seven waves of data, collected twice a year from the 8th through the 11th grades in a low-resource community in Cape Town, South Africa, we aimed to describe the developmental trends in three specific leisure experiences (leisure boredom, new leisure interests, and healthy leisure) and substance use (cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana)…

Sharp, Erin Hiley; Coffman, Donna L.; Caldwell, Linda L.; Smith, Edward A.; Wegner, Lisa; Vergnani, Tania; Mathews, Catherine

2011-01-01

260

Read More... Read More...  

E-print Network

S5Gear : , $3000 Galaxy S5Gear : , $3000 Samsung... : iPhone 6 / iPhone : iPhone 6 / iPhone i Director" ... Apple iPhone Samsung Galaxy S5 2013 Apple HKTV UTV HKTV/02/2014 Read More... Written on 22/03/2014 BlackBerry ... Samsung Galaxy Camera 2 NT$14,900 Samsung 21

Chiao, Jung-Chih

261

Computer codes for evaluation of control room habitability (HABIT)  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the Computer Codes for Evaluation of Control Room Habitability (HABIT). HABIT is a package of computer codes designed to be used for the evaluation of control room habitability in the event of an accidental release of toxic chemicals or radioactive materials. Given information about the design of a nuclear power plant, a scenario for the release of toxic chemicals or radionuclides, and information about the air flows and protection systems of the control room, HABIT can be used to estimate the chemical exposure or radiological dose to control room personnel. HABIT is an integrated package of several programs that previously needed to be run separately and required considerable user intervention. This report discusses the theoretical basis and physical assumptions made by each of the modules in HABIT and gives detailed information about the data entry windows. Sample runs are given for each of the modules. A brief section of programming notes is included. A set of computer disks will accompany this report if the report is ordered from the Energy Science and Technology Software Center. The disks contain the files needed to run HABIT on a personal computer running DOS. Source codes for the various HABIT routines are on the disks. Also included are input and output files for three demonstration runs.

Stage, S.A. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

1996-06-01

262

CREATIVE READING.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

CREATIVE READING IS DEFINED AS READING FOR IMPLIED AND INFERRED MEANINGS, APPRECIATIVE REACTIONS, AND CRITICAL EVALUATION. THE ACT OF CRITICAL READING GOES BEYOND LITERAL COMPREHENSION TO DEMAND THAT THE READER PRODUCE FRESH, ORIGINAL IDEAS NOT EXPLICITLY STATED IN THE READING MATERIAL. THE READER BECOMES AN ACTIVE PARTICIPANT AND ADDS TO WHAT THE…

ADAMS, PHYLLISS J.

263

Physical activity during leisure and commuting in Tianjin, China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To investigate physical activity during leisure time and commuting among persons aged 15-69 years in the urban population of Tianjin, China, and to assess its associations with demographic and health-related characteristics. Methods In 1996 a cross-sectional survey of 2002 males and 1974 females provided information on physical activity during leisure time and commuting and on demographics and health behaviours.

Gang Hu; Heikki Pekkarinen; Osmo Hanninen; Zhijie Yu; Huiguang Tian; Zeyu Guo; Aulikki Nissinen

2002-01-01

264

Circumbinary Habitability Niches  

E-print Network

Binaries could provide the best niches for life in the galaxy. Though counterintuitive, this assertion follows directly from stellar tidal interaction theory and the evolution of lower mass stars. There is strong evidence that chromospheric activity of rapidly rotating young stars may be high enough to cause mass loss from atmospheres of potentially habitable planets. The removal of atmospheric water is most critical. Tidal breaking in binaries could help reduce magnetic dynamo action and thereby chromospheric activity in favor of life. We call this the Binary Habitability Mechanism (BHM), that we suggest allows for water retention at levels comparable to or better than Earth. We discuss novel advantages that life may exploit, in these cases, and suggest that life may even thrive on some circumbinary planets. We find that while many binaries do not benefit from BHM, high quality niches do exist for various combinations of stars between 0.55 and 1.0 solar masses. For a given pair of stellar masses, BHM operate...

Mason, Paul A; Cuartas-Restrepo, Pablo A; Clark, Joni M

2014-01-01

265

A Look at Tokyo Youth at Leisure: Towards the Design of New Media to Support Leisure Outings  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present a set of studies designed to explore Japanese young people’s practices around leisure outings (how\\u000a they are discovered, planned, coordinated, and conducted), and the resources they use to support these practices. Tokyo youth\\u000a have a wealth of leisure opportunities and tools to choose from; they are technologically savvy, and are in the vanguard of\\u000a those

Diane J. Schiano; Ame Elliott; Victoria Bellotti

2007-01-01

266

The Role of the School Library in Promoting a Reading Culture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the role of the school library in the learning process and suggests it should also encourage students' reading habits. Topics include a new paradigm in the concept of a reading culture, including an individualized approach to learning to use the school library; library staff; reading and information skills; and reading materials.…

Apeji, A. E.

2002-01-01

267

Leisure Effects on the Family & Family Effects on Leisure Services. Proceedings of the AALR/AAHPERD Pre-convention Symposium (Anaheim, California, March 29, 1984).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The seven papers in this document were presented at a symposium on the family and leisure: (1) "The Humane Human Experience" (Ron Mendell); (2) "Leisure Education: The Role of the Parent in Family Education" (David J. Staniford); (3) "Leisure and the Family: Toward Some Phenomenological Understanding" (Joseph Levy; Adrianne Gilbert; Christine…

Smith, S. Harold, Ed.; Gray, Howard R., Ed.

268

Folklore and food habits.  

PubMed

The folklore surrounding food habits developed from uncertainty and fear in mankind's quest for food. In an attempt to gain control of his destiny, man developed various magical practices which would perhaps assure an abundance of food. The practice and beliefs did not develop haphazardly, but, on examination, reveal a type of "folk logic" explained by Sir James Frazer's concepts of contagious and homeopathic magic. The "logic" was extended to specific practices in preparing foods, eating of foods on special days, the use of food in curing certain diseases, and forbidding foods at certain times. The folk were attempting to coordinate the phenomena of their world according to cause and effect much the same as modern Americans coordinate their world. However, the basic assuptions were different. PMID:1254878

Shifflett, P A

1976-04-01

269

Language Habits of the Japanese.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contrasts Japanese language habits with Western language habits, asserting that Japanese need to speak more concisely, express themselves clearly and frankly, and eliminate superfluous polite language and preliminaries in order to be successful in the efficiency-oriented civilization that is a product of Western culture. (RAE)

Kinosita, Koreo

1988-01-01

270

Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield, 2013  

E-print Network

Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield, 2013 2014 Environment Report RL 02/14 Cefas contract report C6028 #12;This page has been intentionally left blank #12; Cefas Document Control Radiological #12;This page has been intentionally left blank #12;Environment Report RL 02/14 Radiological Habits

271

Astrophysical Conditions for Planetary Habitability  

E-print Network

With the discovery of hundreds of exoplanets and a potentially huge number of Earth-like planets waiting to be discovered, the conditions for their habitability have become a focal point in exoplanetary research. The classical picture of habitable zones primarily relies on the stellar flux allowing liquid water to exist on the surface of an Earth-like planet with a suitable atmosphere. However, numerous further stellar and planetary properties constrain habitability. Apart from "geophysical" processes depending on the internal structure and composition of a planet, a complex array of astrophysical factors additionally determine habitability. Among these, variable stellar UV, EUV, and X-ray radiation, stellar and interplanetary magnetic fields, ionized winds, and energetic particles control the constitution of upper planetary atmospheres and their physical and chemical evolution. Short- and long-term stellar variability necessitates full time-dependent studies to understand planetary habitability at any point ...

Guedel, M; Erkaev, N; Kasting, J; Khodachenko, M; Lammer, H; Pilat-Lohinger, E; Rauer, H; Ribas, I; Wood, B E

2014-01-01

272

Are screen-based sedentary behaviors longitudinally associated with dietary behaviors and leisure-time physical activity in the transition into adolescence?  

PubMed Central

Background There is a need for more longitudinal studies investigating the associations between screen-based sedentary behaviors (SB), dietary behaviors and leisure-time physical activity (PA). Methods In the HEIA cohort study, 908 children were followed from age 11 to age 13 (September 2007 – May 2009). The children self-reported their intake of fruits, vegetables, soft drinks with sugar and snacks. TV/DVD use, computer/game use and leisure-time PA were also self-reported. Multilevel generalized linear mixed model analysis was used to assess longitudinal associations between the screen-based SB and each of the two other behaviors. Results Twenty-month changes in TV/DVD use and computer/game use were positively associated with changes in the consumption of soft drinks with sugar and unhealthy snacks in the same period; and inversely associated with change in vegetable consumption. Change in computer/game use was also inversely related to change in fruit consumption. An inverse but non-substantive association was found between change in TV/DVD use and change in leisure-time PA. Change in computer/game use was not significantly associated with change in leisure-time PA. Conclusions Changes in screen-based SB were associated with multiple unfavorable changes in dietary habits, although the associations were weak. These associations need to be further investigated in intervention/experimental studies, to assess whether changing screen-based SB will result in clinically relevant changes in dietary behaviors. However, the findings of this study suggest that screen-based SB and leisure-time PA are largely independent behaviors which should be addressed separately in health promotion activities. PMID:23351357

2013-01-01

273

Medical Students Learn How to Read.  

PubMed

Over a six-year period, courses in effective reading have been conducted for first-year students in the Faculty of Medicine at McGill University. Approximately one-third (about 30 students) had reading rates below 300 words per minute. Classes for this group met for two periods a week for five weeks (first term) during which time emphasis was placed on improving reading rate and comprehension, skimming, scanning and the development of sound study habits. Although no formal research has been conducted on the results of these classes, students report better study habits, less anxiety about achievement, better recall of material, maintenance of comparable academic standing with less study time, and satisfaction in knowing how to increase reading speed after formal academic training. PMID:20327474

Nix, M E

1963-04-01

274

Multicultural Reading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multicultural reading advocates believe in the power of literature to transform and to change people's lives. They take seriously the arguments that racism and prejudice can be lessened through multicultural reading, and also that children from undervalued societal groups who read books that depict people like themselves in a positive light will…

Veltze, Linda

2004-01-01

275

Gender Roles in Children's Literature: A Review of Non-Award-Winning “Easy-to-Read” Books  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study replicates the work of Crabb and Bielawski (1994), who analyzed gender differences in character representation found in Caldecott award-winning children's literature, in relation to the utilization of production, household, and leisure artifacts. This study examines non-award-winning “easy-to-read” books. The data showed that both female and male characters are most likely to be pictured in a leisure activity. Otherwise,

Renae Poarch; Elizabeth Monk-Turner

2001-01-01

276

Radiological Habits Survey: Dungeness, 2005  

E-print Network

exposure 39 4.9 Water based activities 42 5. TERRESTRIAL RADIATION PATHWAYS 44 5.1 Terrestrial survey area.1 Direct radiation survey area 50 6.2 Residential activities 51 6.3 Leisure activities 51 6.4 Commercial 12 2. THE SURVEY 14 2.1 Site activity 14 2.2 Survey objectives 15 2.3 Survey areas 16 2.4 Conduct

277

Leisure noise exposure in adolescents and young adults  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many efforts have been made in recent times to combat occupational noise exposure, and noise preventive measures in many industries seem promising. Less positive, however, are noise exposure situations during leisure time activities. New noisy leisure activities are cropping up, and sound levels appear to have increased over the years. There is thus reason for concern over such noisy activities as listening to "walkman" devices, pop/rock concerts and car stereos, and being present at motor sports and shooting activities. Luckily, however, there seem not to be many reported cases of noise-induced hearing loss which can be clearly related to such leisure activities. In addition, recent animal experiments have shown that there is a possibility that the ear can be trained toward increased noise resistance. Nevertheless, general attitudes should be in favor of lowering the sound levels now found in connection with these activities.

Axelsson, A.

1991-12-01

278

Hypothetical habitability of Venus  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Hypothetical habitability of some of extrasolar planets is a fundamental question of science. Some of exoplanets possess physical conditions close to those of Venus. Therefore, the planet Venus, with its dense and hot (735 K) oxygen-free atmosphere of CO2, having a high pressure of 9.2 MPa at the surface, can be a natural laboratory for this kind of studies. The only existing data on the planet’s surface are still the results obtained by the Soviet VENERA landers in the 1970s and 1980s. The TV experiments of Venera-9 and 10 (October, 1975) and Venera-13 and 14 (March, 1982) delivered 41 panoramas of Venus surface (or their fragments). There have not been any similar missions to Venus in the subsequent 39 and 32 years. In the absence of new landing missions to Venus, the VENERA panoramas have been re-processed. The results of these missions are studied anew. A dozen of relatively large objects, from a decimeter to half a meter in size, with an unusual morphology have been found which moved very slowly or changed slightly their shape. Their emergence by chance could hardly be explained by noise. Certain unusual findings that have similar structure were found in different areas of the planet. This paper presents the last results obtained of a search for hypothetical flora and fauna of Venus.

Ksanfomality, Leonid

279

eBirding: Technology Adoption and the Transformation of Leisure into Science  

E-print Network

eBirding: Technology Adoption and the Transformation of Leisure into Science Andrea Wiggins in such voluntary work is often undertaken as a leisure activity, even when it has additional value to participants

Crowston, Kevin

280

What Are Teenagers Reading? The Findings of a Survey of Teenagers' Reading Choices and the Implications of These for English Teachers' Classroom Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on the findings of a pilot study investigating the reading choices and habits of adolescents between the ages of 12 and 15 years. Sets out to understand more fully what, when, where, why and how adolescents between the ages of 12 and 15 years are reading, and the implications of this information for teachers and classroom reading pedagogy.…

Manuel, Jacqueline; Robinson, Dennis

2002-01-01

281

Relationships between leisure factors and health-related stress among older adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the relationships between leisure autonomy, leisure competence, and leisure social support and health-related stress among older adults. It also examined whether an increase in age moderated the relationships between these three leisure factors and health-related stress. Two hundred fifty-six older adults living in Keelung City, Taiwan were randomly selected as participants at the first year. At the

Liang-Chih Chang; Ping Yu

2012-01-01

282

Recreate or Create? Leisure as an Arena for Recovery and Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a While passive leisure is experienced as pleasant and serves as an important route to recovery, active leisure has a distinct\\u000a phenomenology and a different function. Active leisure is first and foremost a motivator for creating changes and developing\\u000a potentials. The chapter investigates links between leisure and well-being, and is particularly concerned with the issue of\\u000a whether development of skills and

Joar Vittersø

283

Relationship between ethnic backgrounds, family socioeconomic status, leisure participation, and psychological well-being.  

PubMed

Relations between ethnic backgrounds, family socioeconomic status, leisure participation, and psychological well-being were explored. Participants returned 827 valid pencil-and-paper surveys. An increase in student-athlete leisure participation was associated with better psychological well-being and sense of accomplishment. Compared with Aboriginal student-athletes, Han student-athletes had higher passive leisure participation; there was no correlation between their families' socioeconomic status and the student-athletes' leisure participation or psychological well-being. PMID:24611242

Hung, Hank; Lee, Chia Wen

2013-10-01

284

Reading and Writing the Lakota Language: Yes, We Can!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As was this author's usual habit at the university in Nebraska where she was teaching, she picked up a copy of the campus newspaper to read during her office hours. She was dismayed at a story entitled "Lakota May Appear on Sheridan County Polls." It read, in part: "Sheridan County's polls may have to add an unexpected language to the ballots this…

Washburn, Franci

2003-01-01

285

Reading Research in Hungary (1960-1977); Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for use by reading researchers and specialists, this collection of abstracts provides details of research studies on reading and library use conducted in Hungary from 1960 to 1977. The 25 studies cover a variety of topics, including the following: readers' interests and library use habits, rural population and the library, changes in…

National Szechenyi Library, Budapest (Hungary).

286

What Teenagers Read in the Hometown Daily Newspaper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To study the local newspaper reading habits of teenagers from six schools in Florida as compared with those of teenagers from six schools in other states, a four-page questionnaire was administered to a total of 887 students in English and journalism classes. Among reading categories listed on the questionnaire were domestic news items, world…

Campbell, Laurence R.

287

Delegation: developing the habit.  

PubMed

Often, individuals take personal delegation skills for granted and assume the presence of expertise with the practice of delegation, which may not be the case. Those assumptions can be found at both ends of the process, with the manager and the employee. Every time a manager places an employee in a job and gives him or her a job description or a set of instructions, the manager has delegated. The manager has placed someone in a position to perform operations for which ultimately the manager is responsible. Delegation is both a process and a condition. The process is the act of assigning work to an employee; the condition of delegating a job is a thorough and mutual understanding between the supervisor and the employee of specific results and methods by which these results can be achieved. The condition goes far beyond the simple process of assigning a job. The point at which many managers fail in delegating is in neglecting to move past the process and take the required steps to establish a true condition of delegation. Failure to delegate is the leading cause of managers retarding their professional growth. In the case of a workaholic--someone who fails to learn the value of delegation--the job soon becomes too much, and the effectiveness of the department may suffer. By reducing the burden of technical duties and busy work, managers will find that it is possible to be more effective and actually spend more time managing. A number of the reasons why managers fail to delegate are complex and subconscious, such as insecurity, fear of competition and even fear of not being recognized for accomplishments achieved. Other reasons for failing to delegate are habit and shortages of staff members or time. Delegation is an investment in time. The eventual gain from such an investment, which may temporarily cause the department to fall further behind during a training period, outweighs the costs. The manager is the final authority in such duties as approval, recommendations and implementations. Remember that to delegate authority does not mean to delegate ultimate responsibility. Only the manager should bear the burden of responsibilities that directly affect his or her career. One of the most common mistakes in the process of delegating is to turn an employee loose on a job with inadequate instruction. Too often this is caused by lack of time. Strictly speaking, when managers assign tasks to employees, they are delegating the authority to perform the task. However, all responsibility for the completion of the task remains with the manager. In most instances, responsibility for the failure of a delegated project lies with the manager, not the employee. While some failure is to be expected, it can be minimized by proper evaluation of the situation and proper communication. Delegation is a calculated risk. The manager should be willing to take a risk to see if an employee does have the skills and ability to perform the specific task. How else will the manager ever know? Developing a strong habit of delegation will lead to development of an effective and efficient staff and department. Delegation will serve not only the organization well, but also managers throughout their careers. PMID:11499078

Duehring, G L

2001-01-01

288

Habitability of Brown Dwarf Planets  

Microsoft Academic Search

The time during which the temperature of a terrestrial-like planet remains in the liquid water range during the fading of its parent brown dwarf is calculated as a function of brown dwarf mass and planetary semimajor axis using recent models for brown dwarf evolution and two criteria for habitable zone width. Durations of habitability range from 0.5--2 Gyr at a

Andrey Andreeshchev; John Scalo

2004-01-01

289

Two Wheels are Better than One: The Importance of Capturing the Home Literacy Environment in Large-Scale Assessments of Reading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's reading skill development is influenced by availability of reading materials, reading habits and opportunity to read. Save the Children's Literacy Boost data have replicated this finding across numerous developing contexts. Meanwhile international large-scale reading assessments do not capture detail on current home literacy.…

Dowd, Amy Jo; Pisani, Lauren

2013-01-01

290

Cosmological aspects of planetary habitability  

E-print Network

The habitable zone (HZ) is defined as the region around a star where a planet can support liquid water on its surface, which, together with an oxygen atmosphere, is presumed to be necessary (and sufficient) to develop and sustain life on the planet. Currently, about twenty potentially habitable planets are listed. The most intriguing question driving all these studies is whether planets within habitable zones host extraterrestrial life. It is implicitly assumed that a planet in the habitable zone bears biota. However along with the two usual indicators of habitability, an oxygen atmosphere and liquid water on the surface, an additional one -- the age --- has to be taken into account when the question of the existence of life (or even a simple biota) on a planet is addressed. The importance of planetary age for the existence of life as we know it follows from the fact that the primary process, the photosynthesis, is endothermic with an activation energy higher than temperatures in habitable zones. Therefore on...

Shchekinov, Yu A; Murthy, J

2014-01-01

291

Factors associated with leisure activity among young adults with developmental disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The framework of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) was applied to examine the factors associated with childhood impairment and leisure activity. Information on leisure activity was obtained using a structured questionnaire from a population-based cohort of young adults with childhood impairment. The results underscore the differences in leisure lifestyles by impairment type and severity. Activity limitations,

Kim Van Naarden Braun; Marshalyn Yeargin-Allsopp; Donald Lollar

2006-01-01

292

Patterns and Determinants of Leisure Participation of Youth and Adults with Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: People with developmental disabilities are at high risk for a limited participation in leisure activities. The aim of this study was to investigate the participation in, preference for and interest in leisure activities of young and adults with developmental disabilities, and to examine the factors associated with leisure activity.…

Badia, M.; Orgaz, M. B.; Verdugo, M. A.; Ullan, A. M.

2013-01-01

293

Expressions of Generativity through Family Leisure: Experiences of Grandparents and Adult Grandchildren  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to understand the expression of generativity among grandparents and their adult grandchildren through their experiences of family leisure. Fourteen dyads of grandparents and adult grandchildren were interviewed about their experience of family leisure. The findings illustrate the important role that family leisure

Hebblethwaite, Shannon; Norris, Joan

2011-01-01

294

526 Recreation and Leisure Studies 1997/98 CSULB Catalog Department Chair  

E-print Network

526 · Recreation and Leisure Studies · 1997/98 CSULB Catalog Department Chair Michael A. Blazey Department Secretary Quincy Bowyer Graduate Advisor Kathleen J. Halberg T he experience of leisure is one in dollars spent, persons served, hours of time devot- ed, or resources used. The study of leisure

Sorin, Eric J.

295

Forest Research Annual Report and Accounts 2003200454 Leisure landscapes: understanding the  

E-print Network

Forest Research Annual Report and Accounts 2003­200454 Leisure landscapes: understanding the role and woodlands for tourism is not new, their utilisation for leisure purposes is receiving new impetus to take part in leisure activities. The increasing interest in tourism is also a response

296

Nuits des toiles events (1991-2008) and their impact on the French astronomical leisure landscape  

E-print Network

1 « Nuits des étoiles » events (1991-2008) and their impact on the French astronomical leisure an astronomical leisure offer. Keywords: awareness, popularization, TV, planetarium, amateurs, Nuits des étoiles 1 astronomical leisure landscape, the authors worked between 1986 and 1991 to create a national event able

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

297

LEISURE: A Framework for Load-Balanced Network-Wide Traffic Measurement  

E-print Network

LEISURE: A Framework for Load-Balanced Network-Wide Traffic Measurement Chia-Wei Chang, Guanyao multiple distributed monitors. In this paper, we present a centralized optimization framework, LEISURE their extensions to support differ- ent deployment scenarios. We evaluate LEISURE via detailed simulations

Chuah, Chen-Nee

298

77 FR 63801 - Aqua-Leisure Industries, Inc., Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CPSC Docket No. 13-C0001] Aqua-Leisure Industries, Inc., Provisional Acceptance...provisionally-accepted Settlement Agreement with Aqua-Leisure Industries, Inc., containing a civil...SAFETY COMMISSION In the Matter of: Aqua-Leisure Industries, Inc. CPSC Docket...

2012-10-17

299

Leisure Systems Design & Evaluation (3cr.) Wednesday 1:00-4:00  

E-print Network

REC 4031 Leisure Systems Design & Evaluation (3cr.) Fall 2006 Wednesday 1:00-4:00 Instructor Greg Description (from catalog) The course will explore the design and evaluation of leisure services from a macro between leisure behavior and the natural environment. (8.05) 2. To understand environmental ethics

Brown, Gregory G.

300

A Cross Media Platform for Personalized Leisure & Entertainment: The POLYMNIA Approach  

E-print Network

A Cross Media Platform for Personalized Leisure & Entertainment: The POLYMNIA Approach Vasilios project aims to develop an intelligent cross-media platform for personalised leisure and entertainment, personalized and unobtrusive solution in order to capture and customize a high-quality record of leisure

Middleton, Stuart E.

301

Journal of Experimental Psychology: General A Labor/Leisure Tradeoff in Cognitive Control  

E-print Network

Journal of Experimental Psychology: General A Labor/Leisure Tradeoff in Cognitive Control Wouter Kool, W., & Botvinick, M. (2012, December 10). A Labor/Leisure Tradeoff in Cognitive Control. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1037/a0031048 #12;A Labor/Leisure

Botvinick, Matthew

302

Research Summary Leisure landscapes: exploring the role of forestry in tourism  

E-print Network

Research Summary Leisure landscapes: exploring the role of forestry in tourism Using woodlands for tourism includes a wide range of leisure activities, such as mountain biking, walking and nature watching markets for cultural, adventure and wildlife leisure breaks, tourism provides an opportunity to diversity

303

Changes in Leisure Styles and Satisfaction of Older People: A Five Years Follow-Up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examines the leisure style and leisure satisfaction of a sample of older people at baseline and after a period of 5 years. Three groups were identified by factorial and cluster analyses and labelled under the headings of: Organised Style, Surrounding Style and Indoor Style. Each group represented a different typology of leisure,…

Gagliardi, Cristina; Spazzafumo, Liana; Papa, Roberta; Marcellini, Fiorella

2012-01-01

304

Collaborative Filtering Is Not Enough? Experiments with a Mixed-Model Recommender for Leisure Activities  

E-print Network

Collaborative Filtering Is Not Enough? Experiments with a Mixed-Model Recommender for Leisure with recommendations for leisure activities that are obtained from different combinations of these techniques. We show and implemented a mobile, leisure-time recommender system (codenamed Magitti) to address these two challenges

Chi, Ed Huai-hsin

305

Leisure Service Delivery Systems: Are They Adequate?1 Rene Fukuhara DahI2  

E-print Network

Leisure Service Delivery Systems: Are They Adequate?1 Rene Fukuhara DahI2 Abstract in which ethnic groups are excluded are discussed. The ability of leisure service agencies to respond these changes, leisure service professionals must reconceptualize their image of the individual and broaden

Standiford, Richard B.

306

Role Overload, Job Satisfaction, Leisure Satisfaction, and Psychological Health among Employed Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Role overload, job satisfaction, leisure satisfaction, and psychological health were measured for 155 women who were employed full time. Role overload was negatively correlated with psychological health, job satisfaction, and leisure satisfaction. Job satisfaction and leisure satisfaction were positively correlated with psychological health.…

Pearson, Quinn M.

2008-01-01

307

Measuring Trends in Leisure: The Allocation of Time over Five Decades  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we use five decades of time-use surveys to document trends in the allocation of time within the United States. We find that a dramatic increase in leisure time lies behind the relatively stable number of market hours worked between 1965 and 2003. Specifically, using a variety of definitions for leisure, we show that leisure for men increased

Mark Aguiar; Erik Hurst

2007-01-01

308

Determinants of Active Leisure for Women with Young Children—an “Ethic of Care” Prevails  

Microsoft Academic Search

Women are significantly less likely than men to participate in physically active leisure. Women with children are less likely to participate in active leisure compared with women who do not have children. Social pressure to fulfil the role of being a good mother has been suggested in discussions regarding constraints to physical activity as has the use of leisure engagement

Yvette D. Miller; Wendy J. Brown

2005-01-01

309

Virtual Reality as a Leisure Activity for Young Adults with Physical and Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Participation in leisure activities is a fundamental human right and an important factor of quality of life. Adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) and physical disabilities often experience limited opportunities to participate in leisure activities, virtual reality (VR) technologies may serve to broaden their repertoire of accessible leisure

Yalon-Chamovitz, Shira; Weiss, Patrice L.

2008-01-01

310

Media images of women and leisure: an analysis of magazine advertisements, 1964–87  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the media portrayal of women's leisure in order to understand influences on women's access to, and experience of, leisure. Leisure advertisements in two women's magazines were examined over a 24-year period using content analysis. One magazine aimed at adult women, and its partner publication aimed at young women, were selected. Over the 24-year period, socializing was strongly

Patricia A. Bolla

1990-01-01

311

Meat Demand under Rational Habit Persistence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this paper is to explore the theoretical implications of a meat demand model with rational habits. To introduce consumption dynamics, habit persistence is used to motivate intertemporally related preferences. The impact of food safety information on meat consumption is systematically analyzed. Important differences between myopic habits and rational habits are outlined.

Chen Zhen; Michael K. Wohlgenant

2005-01-01

312

AN EXPERIMENT ON THE EFFECT OF MOTIVATIONAL APPEAL VS. TECHNIQUES UPON READING RATE IMPROVEMENT IN A GROUP OF COLLEGE STUDENTS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A STUDY OF THE READING HABITS AND ABILITIES OF 132 PSYCHOLOGY STUDENTS AT THE UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND WAS CONDUCTED TO DETERMINE (1) IF READING SPEED COULD BE INCREASED WITHOUT CHANGE IN COMPREHENSION AND (2) WHETHER INFORMATION ABOUT SOME OF THE BASIC TECHNIQUES OF READING STRESSED IN TYPICAL READING COURSES COULD ELICIT CHANGES IN STANDARDIZED…

MAXWELL, MARTHA J.; MUELLER, ARTHUR C.

313

The Effects of Leisure-Based Screen Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Use of television, computers, and video games competes with physical activity and may be a health risk factor. Purpose: This study assessed the relationship between leisure-based screen time and physical activity in families to determine whether assignment to a limited screen time group results in more physical activity. Methods:…

Meier, Mary Dawn; Hager, Ronald L.; Vincent, Susan D.; Tucker, Larry A.; Vincent, William J.

2007-01-01

314

The Future of Leisure Studies in Research Universities: Administrators' Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article summarizes the content of a three-day administrative summit held at Zion Ponderosa Resort in southern Utah in late September 2010. Department chairs, heads, and deans representing 13 universities across North America offering leisure studies doctoral degrees, master's degrees, and undergraduate professional preparation degrees…

Dustin, Daniel; Collins, Rachel; Schultz, Jeremy; Browne, Laurie; Schwab, Keri; Rose, Jeff; Timmerman, Danielle; Altschuler, Ben; Jostad, Jeremy; Spencer, Callie; Newman, Jackie; Bricker, Kelly

2012-01-01

315

The Importance of Servicescapes in Leisure Service Settings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Services marketing research has largely focussed on measuring service quality and satisfaction associated with the primary service itself, with little attention given to the effect of the physical surroundings of the service setting. Leisure services in particular, may be concerned with how consumers perceive the quality of the “servicescape” and what effect the servicescape has on customer satisfaction and repatronage.

Kirk L. Wakefield; Jeffrey G. Blodgett

1994-01-01

316

Leisure, Recreation, and Play from a Developmental Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The terms "play, recreation, and leisure" can evoke thoughts of frivolity, fun, sociability, competition, slothfulness, or idleness. However, there is substantial evidence that what people do in their discretionary or free time has important developmental and health implications. In this article, the authors examine how play, recreation, and…

Caldwell, Linda L.; Witt, Peter A.

2011-01-01

317

Women Faculty, Higher Education, and the Recreation/Leisure Field  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Women represent growing numbers of faculty members in higher education as well as in recreation/leisure departments. The purpose of this study is to describe the career development of women faculty in recreation-related areas and to offer implications for faculty development and the preparation of future faculty. Data were collected from women who…

Henderson, Karla A.; Harrolle, Michelle; Rich, Samantha; Moretz, Janell

2012-01-01

318

Changing Times: Work and Leisure in Postindustrial Society  

Microsoft Academic Search

Time allocation, whether considered at the level of the individual or of the society, is a major focus of public concern. Are our lives more congested with work than they used to be? Is society polarizing into groups which, on one side, have too much work and too little leisure time to spend their money in, and on the other

Jonathan Gershuny

2000-01-01

319

Sequence Dance for Lifelong Leisure Activity: An International Experience!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides the outline of a session in dance at the annual meeting of the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance. The purpose of the session was to provide an opportunity to celebrate individual differences while learning new skills for lifelong leisure activity through an English dance form known as…

Bennett, John P.

320

Perceived discrimination in leisure settings in Latino urban communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored: (1) whether Latino residents of two highly segregated neighbourhoods in Chicago, IL, USA, experienced or witnessed any discriminatory incidents in leisure settings; (2) what were the most frequent places and types of discrimination they encountered; (3) who were the perpetrators of discriminatory acts and (4) how people responded to discrimination. Moreover, Latinos own interracial\\/interethnic attitudes toward members

Iryna Sharaievska; Monika Stodolska; Kimberly J. Shinew; Jungeun Kim

2010-01-01

321

Training Leisure Centre Instructors: Client Motivational Profiles Examined  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To investigate the motivations of clients attending leisure centres/clubs. It is noted that training programmes for instructors tend to neglect this, particularly in relation to the gender and age of clients. Design/methodology/approach: In this study 460 recreational athletes including equal numbers of males and females in the two age…

Kniveton, Bromley H.

2005-01-01

322

Leisure motives of eating out in night markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Eating out is a common occurrence in the lives of most people. In Taiwan, local people enjoy patronizing both street vendors and various dining outlets. However, very little research has mentioned the psychosocial needs and leisure motives addressed by eating out in night markets. A convenience sampling method is used; 350 questionnaires are distributed and yielded 272 valid responses. The

Janet Chang; An-Tien Hsieh

2006-01-01

323

Adventure recreation reconceived: Positive forms of deviant leisure  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept of adventure remains deeply rooted in the domain of recreation and leisure. Adventure recreation defined is “a variety of self?initiated activities utilizing an interaction with the natural environment, that contains elements of real or apparent danger in which the outcome, while uncertain, can be influenced by the participant and circumstance” (Ewert, 1989). Miriam?Webster defines adventure as: an undertaking

Shayne Galloway

2006-01-01

324

Support and Access in Sports and Leisure Provision  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper will look at different ways of enabling people with learning difficulties to engage in leisure opportunities: the Support Model and the Access Model. These models will be put in their social context and then critiqued. The support model will be be contextualised in the theory of normalisation, access in disability theory. The support worker role will be shown

MAGDA DEVAS

2003-01-01

325

Tapping the Leisure Market for College and University Sports Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

College and university sports programs provide major venues for leisure time activities. Facing declining internal budgets, program adminstrators seek to improve financial conditions by increasing external revenues through increased marketing of their sports programs. Effective marketing of these programs is becoming central to their success. For marketing to be truly effective, however, it must be integrated into a larger strategic

Robert E. Stevens; David L. Loudon; Stan Williamson; C. William McConkey

1999-01-01

326

The Link between Successful Aging and Serious Leisure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative study is to examine whether engagement in a serious leisure activity provided older adults opportunities for successful aging. Data were collected through in-depth interviews at shag dance festivals in North Myrtle Beach, South Carolina. To provide structure for the interview, a general interview guide consisting of…

Brown, Carroll A.; McGuire, Francis A.; Voelkl, Judith

2008-01-01

327

Factors Related to Physically Active Leisure among College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to provide additional information about the complex relation of social cognitive constructs, gender, and active leisure among university students. Structural equation modeling techniques were used to test the hypothesized relations in a sample of 874 undergraduate students. Peer and family support had a moderate direct effect on self-efficacy while self-efficacy had a large direct

Sarah Sylvia-Bobiak; Linda L. Caldwell

2006-01-01

328

Leisure-related mobility of elderly people: ways to sustainability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Owing to grown life expectancy as well as increasing financial scope, car ownership and possession of driving licences, the elderly of today have numerous opportunities regarding their leisure activities. Serious health problems and social constraints are generally infrequent before the age of about 80. Thus, the first 10-20 years of retirement are characterized by good health and the absence of

Stefanie Foebker; Reinhold Grotz

2003-01-01

329

Breast Cancer-Related Lymphedema: Implications for Family Leisure Participation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An estimated 20% of breast cancer survivors face the chronic condition of breast cancer-related lymphedema. This study explored the ways in which women with this condition experienced changes in their participation in family leisure as one indicator of family functioning. Participants (N = 27) were interviewed regarding lifestyles before and after…

Radina, M. Elise

2009-01-01

330

Evaluating a distributed physical leisure game for three players  

Microsoft Academic Search

Physical leisure activities such as table tennis provide healthy exercise and can offer a means to connect with others socially; however, players have to be in the same physical location to play. We have developed a networked table tennis-like game that is played with a real paddle and ball, augmented with a large-scale videoconference. Unlike existing commercial console games that

Florian'Floyd' Mueller; Martin R. Gibbs

2007-01-01

331

[Young men's contraceptive habits].  

PubMed

A total of 379 men from the greater Copenhagen area were invited to fill out a questionnaire about sexual habits and use of contraception in connection with conscription for military duty. A total of 334 (88%) answered the questionnaire. In the autumn of 1988, a total of 27 men answered the test questionnaire, while in the spring of 1989, when the real study was conducted, 307 men answered it. The median age of 334 participants was 18 years (range of 17-29 years). 33% of the group stated that they had used condoms during first intercourse, while 47% had not. 1 person reported to be exclusively attracted sexually to men, 5 persons were attracted both to men and women, but 97% were exclusively attracted to women. 82% had had intercourse or other sexual experience with women. 1.8% had had intercourse or other sexual experience with men. 8% had no sexual experience, and 8% did not answer the question. Oral contraceptives were used by 60% and the condom by 56%. 10% had used coitus interruptus at one time or another; 15% had used no contraception; 5% used the IUD; and 5% used the diaphragm. Some gave several answers. 1% used spermicidal lotion. 60% thought that it was the responsibility of both men and women to be concerned about contraception, 12% opined that it was exclusively men's duty, and 2% that it was exclusively women's, while 26% did not answer. 68% wanted to use the condom in the future for protection, 24% did not know, but 8% did not want to use it more extensively. 64% did not think that the fear of AIDS would affect their sexual life, but 36% thought it would. Several of the subjects indicated that they would be more careful about choosing a partner, and every 10th suggested that they would use the condom with a new partner. One person (0.3%) was a drug addict, 89% had never injected drugs, but about 11% did not answer about drugs. 97% and 95%, respectively, indicated that the condom provided good protection against pregnancy and venereal diseases. PMID:12288822

Kaiser, A H; Nielsen, B B; Hansen, K; Johansen, J B; Nielsen, M B

1992-10-01

332

Required Reading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author insists that those seeking public office prove their literary mettle. As an English teacher, he does have a litmus test for all public officials, judges and senators included--a reading litmus test. He would require that all candidates and nominees have read and reflected on a nucleus of works whose ideas and insights…

Janko, Edmund

2002-01-01

333

Slow Reading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the early elementary years, teachers generally pay attention to the act of reading--to the appropriate skill level and pace. But as students move on in the educational system and get to an age when teachers expect them to read on their own, the author suspects teachers pay less and less attention to this problem of pace. When they push students…

Newkirk, Thomas

2011-01-01

334

Futurists predict that there will be an ever-increasing amount of leisure time for all people. Will society be able to manage its leisure time or will it become a burden? Healthy societies and  

E-print Network

Futurists predict that there will be an ever-increasing amount of leisure time for all people. Will society be able to manage its leisure time or will it become a burden? Healthy societies and communities will have to develop well-balanced leisure time activities.The study of recreation and leisure investigates

Seldin, Jonathan P.

335

Futurists predict that there will be an ever-increasing amount of leisure time for all people.Will society be able to manage its leisure time or will it become a burden? Healthy societies and communities will have to  

E-print Network

Futurists predict that there will be an ever-increasing amount of leisure time for all people.Will society be able to manage its leisure time or will it become a burden? Healthy societies and communities will have to develop well-balanced leisure time activities.The study of recreation and leisure investigates

Seldin, Jonathan P.

336

Habitability in the cosmological context  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The concept of the habitability implies a water containing rocky Earth-like planet orbiting a Solar-type star at a distance of around 1 AU. This requirement characterizes though only a potential of a planetary system to sustain life. When, a possibility of the existence of life is questioned, the age of a planetary system becomes of a primary importance. We discuss here how plausible is a discovery of a habitable planet with biota on it among the closest (within 600 pc) neighbours of the Sun. We argue that even for known habitable planets possible variations in their albedo, diameters, orbits and other critical parameters, the onset of photosynthesis and a formation of oxygen atmosphere may take much longer time than the planetary age. We show that among the confirmed by Kepler habitable planets at least a third is too young to develop biota on them. We argue old that Population II stars with the age of up to 13 Gyr can host habitable planets with the already existing life on them, and discuss possible observational manifestations f it.

Shchekinov, Yuri; Safonova, Margarita; Murthy, Jayant

337

Comprehension-Based Silent Reading Rates: What Do We Know? What Do We Need to Know?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article uses a review of research to consider a fundamental aspect of reading instruction that has been marginalized in policies and practices over the last decade: the development of silent reading habits that involve strong comprehension and optimal reading rates. The review of research attends to typical development and performances of…

Hiebert, Elfrieda H.; Samuels, S. Jay; Rasinski, Timothy

2012-01-01

338

Leisure activity associated with cognitive ability level, but not cognitive change  

PubMed Central

Although activity participation is promoted as cognitively protective, critical questions of causality remain. In a cohort followed every 5 years from age 75 to 85 years, potential reciprocal associations between level and change in leisure activity participation and level and change in cognitive abilities were examined. Participants in the Glostrup 1914 Cohort, a longitudinal study of aging, completed standardized cognitive ability tests and reported their leisure activity participation (11 activities defined a leisure activity score) at ages 75, 80, and 85. Higher leisure activity was associated with higher cognitive ability (significant correlations ranged from 0.15 to 0.31, p < 0.05). Between ages 75 and 85, participation in leisure activities and cognitive ability declined significantly. Growth curve models, which provided latent variables for level of and 10-year change in both leisure activity and cognitive ability, confirmed the positive association between levels of leisure activity and cognitive ability (path coefficient = 0.36, p < 0.001); however, neither leisure activity level nor change in leisure activity were associated with cognitive change. Although a positive association between leisure activity and cognitive ability was reported—the likely precedents of this are discussed—there was no evidence that a higher level or maintenance of leisure activity was protective against cognitive decline across a 10-year follow-up.

Gow, Alan J.; Avlund, Kirsten; Mortensen, Erik L.

2014-01-01

339

Archimedes, Reading, and the Sustenance of Academic Research Culture in Library Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the history of academic research, library instruction, and the role of leisure, reflection, and creativity. Suggests that these cultural elements should be introduced to undergraduates and contends that deep reading, rather than information literacy competency, cultivates these elements. Examines productivity and the faculty research…

Cain, Amanda

2002-01-01

340

Archimedes, reading, and the sustenance of academic research culture in library instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Leisure, reflection, and creativity have sustained a culture of research and scholarship throughout much of academia’s history. This article argues that these cultural elements should be introduced to the present generation of undergraduates and contends that “deep” reading, rather than information literacy competency, cultivates these elements.

Amanda Cain

2002-01-01

341

Pioneering Concepts of Planetary Habitability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Famous astronomers such as Richard A. Proctor (1837-1888), Jules Janssen (1824-1907), and Camille Flammarion (1842-1925) studied the concept of planetary habitability a century before this concept was updated in the context of the recent discoveries of exoplanets and the development of planetary exploration in the solar system. They independently studied the conditions required for other planets to be inhabited, and these considerations led them to specify the term "habitability." Naturally, the planet Mars was at the heart of the discussion. Our neighboring planet, regarded as a sister planet of Earth, looked like a remarkable abode for life. During the second part of the nineteenth century, the possibility of Martian intelligent life was intensively debated, and hopes were still ardent to identify a kind of vegetation specific to the red planet. In such a context, the question of Mars' habitability seemed to be very valuable, especially when studying hypothetical Martian vegetation. At the dawn of the Space Age, German-born physician and pioneer of space medicine Hubertus Strughold (1898-1987) proposed in the book The Green and Red Planet: A Physiological Study of the Possibility of Life on Mars (1954) to examine the planets of the solar system through a "planetary ecology." This innovative notion, which led to a fresh view of the concept of habitability, was supposed to designate a new field involving biology: "the science of planets as an environment for life" (Strughold 1954). This notion was very close to the concept of habitability earlier designated by our nineteenth-century pioneers. Strughold also coined the term "ecosphere" to name the region surrounding a star where conditions allowed life-bearing planets to exist. We highlight in this chapter the historical aspects of the emergence of the (modern) concept of habitability. We will consider the different formulations proposed by the pioneers, and we will see in what way it can be similar to our contemporary notion of planetary habitability. This study also shows the convergence of the methodological aspects used to examine the concept of habitability, mainly based on analogy.

Raulin Cerceau, Florence

342

Reading Recovery.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides an overview of Reading Recovery, a preventative one-on-one tutoring program that targets first-grade students whose reading skills place them in the lowest 10-20% at their school. First implemented in the United States in 1986, by 1995-96, the program was being used by over 9,000 schools in 2,940 districts. Key components of…

Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO.

343

Diurnal Habitability of Frozen Worlds  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this work we discuss effects allowing local habitability of some extraterrestrial planets of low average surface temperatures. We analyze the problem of diurnal and seasonal changes of temperature and biological productivity at different locations on a hypothetical Earth-like planet. We have found, that under some circumstances the temperature may locally rise well above the average value, allowing periods of

W. von Bloh; K. J. Kossacki; S. Franck; C. Bounama

2010-01-01

344

Diurnal Habitability of Frozen Worlds  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work we discuss effects allowing local habitability of some extraterrestrial planets of low average surface temperatures. We analyze the problem of diurnal and seasonal changes of temperature and biological productivity at different locations on a hypothetical Earth-like planet. We have found, that under some circumstances the temperature may locally rise well above the average value, allowing periods of enhanced biological activity. In this way, bioproductivity can become periodically possible on a planet that has an average temperature clearly below 0°C. Such thermal conditions are encountered on Mars (Smith et al. in Science 306:1750-1753, 2004) generally considered as inhabitable. In reality, an appropriate temperature is not sufficient for habitability. The presence of liquid water at the considered location is also necessary. We discuss how temperature oscillations affect habitability in the framework of a conceptual model. We find that the considered effect of diurnal and seasonal temperature oscillations can extend the outer boundary of the habitable zone up to 2 AU, while global average temperatures are below 0°C for heliocentric distances R h > 1.12 AU (dry atmosphere, low CO2 pressure), or R h > 1.66 AU (humid atmosphere, high CO2 pressure).

von Bloh, W.; Kossacki, K. J.; Franck, S.; Bounama, C.

2010-01-01

345

Evolution of a Habitable Planet  

Microsoft Academic Search

Giant planets have now been discovered around other stars, and it is only a matter of time until Earth-sized planets are detected. Whether any of these planets are suitable for life depends on their volatile abundances, especially water, and on their climates. Only planets within the liquid-water habitable zone (HZ) can support life on their surfaces and, thus, can be

James F. Kasting; David Catling

2003-01-01

346

7 Habits of Developmental Coaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors describe how coaches can apply principles of athlete growth and development to the learning and performance of motor skills. They present 7 habits that lead to well-rounded athletes who experience increased enjoyment, self-motivation, skill improvement, and ultimately more success on the playing field. (Contains 1…

Darden, Gibson; Shimon, Jane

2004-01-01

347

Habits of the radio audience  

Microsoft Academic Search

An analysis in Omaha of the radio listeners' habits and knowledge of station and program tuned in indicates that in periods just before the quarter hour fewer radios are tuned in. Station and program identification by the listener is higher just before the half hour.

F. H. Lumley

1933-01-01

348

Comparable Habitable Zones of Stars  

NASA Video Gallery

The habitable zone is the distance from a star where one can have liquid water on the surface of a planet. If a planet is too close to its parent star, it will be too hot and water would have evapo...

349

Leisure and Quality of Life in an International and Multicultural Context: What Are Major Pathways Linking Leisure to Quality of Life?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper aims at advancing the conceptualization of leisure as a contributor to quality of life (QOL) in an international and multicultural context, based on an extensive and critical review of literature on leisure and QOL from a global, international perspective. Given the central role of culture in conceptualizing this notion, this paper…

Iwasaki, Yoshitaka

2007-01-01

350

Leisure-Time Education in Denmark: The Leisure-Time Education, etc. (Consolidation) Act. Act No. 316 of June 27, 1980.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Consolidation of two earlier Danish Ministry of Education Acts in 1980 resulted in a 12-part Act which outlines programs and activities in leisure-time education for children and adults. Sections of the Act cover: (1) youth schools; (2) leisure-time activities for children and young people, including interest-groups, youth clubs and use of school…

Bennedsen, Dorte

351

AN ASSESSMENT OF THE STUDY HABITS AND SKILLS OF STUDENTS IN POSTSECONDARY SCIENCE COURSES  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the study habits and skills of subjects taking basic science courses at a two year, postsecondary institution. The instrument used was the Study Behavior Inventory. This 46?item Inventory addressed these issues: general study attitudes and behavior, reading and note?taking techniques, and coping with examinations. The data suggest that the subjects had difficulty with time management and keeping

David J. Kuhn

1988-01-01

352

Training leisure centre instructors: client motivational profiles examined  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To investigate the motivations of clients attending leisure centres\\/clubs. It is noted that training programmes for instructors tend to neglect this, particularly in relation to the gender and age of clients. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – In this study 460 recreational athletes including equal numbers of males and females in the two age groups, 17-27 years and 37-84, were interviewed and

Bromley H. Kniveton

2005-01-01

353

Austin citizens' perceptions of some dimensions of leisure service delivery  

E-print Network

INSTRUMENT. B ZONE PROFILES. C STATISTICALLY SIGNIFICANT CHI-SQUARE TESTS. . . D INSTRUMENT OVERVIEW. 48 53 75 . . 124 ABSTRACT Austin Citizens' Perceptions of Some Dimensions of Leisure Service Delivery (December 1985) Joseph A. Parrinello, B. A... There were four questions in three major areas which revealed statistically significant differences (. 05 level) between the sexes. The results of these chi-square tests are shown in Tables 1A, 1B, 1C and 1D. A significantly larger proportion of males than...

Parrinello, Joseph A

2012-06-07

354

Breastfeeding FAQs: Your Eating and Drinking Habits  

MedlinePLUS

... Free Health Lessons Social Media: Connect With Us Breastfeeding FAQs: Your Eating and Drinking Habits KidsHealth > Parents > Growth & Development > Feeding & Eating > Breastfeeding FAQs: Your Eating and Drinking Habits Print A ...

355

Eating Well Healthy habits for children  

E-print Network

Eating Well Healthy habits for children and adults OHSU is an equal opportunity, affirmative action exercise. It's also a matter of healthful eating habits. Children need a wide variety of foods for good% wind power. #12;Where do I start? Once you have decided to make healthy choices in your eating habits

Chapman, Michael S.

356

Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Review, 2010  

E-print Network

Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Review, 2010 2011 Environment Report RL 13/11 Cefas contract Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Review, 2010 Shellfish consumption and intertidal occupancy review F, P., Smedley, C.A., and Ly, V.E., 2011. Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Review, 2010. RL 13

357

Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Review, 2011  

E-print Network

Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Review, 2011 2012 Environment Report RL 05/12 Cefas contract Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Review, 2011 Shellfish consumption and intertidal occupancy review F., 2012. Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Review, 2011. RL 05/12. Cefas, Lowestoft A copy can

358

Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Review, 2012  

E-print Network

Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Review, 2012 2013 Environment Report RL 04a/13 Cefas Final report Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Review, 2012 Aquatic pathways review G.P. Papworth, C.J., Ly, V.E., and Dewar, A., 2013. Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Review, 2012. RL 04a/13

359

University Students' Media Habits: A Lithuanian Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study replicated a 1994 study, "College Students' Media Habits: A National Study." In the present study, Lithuanian university students' media habits relative to American students' media habits were gauged. A total of 1500 survey questionnaires were distributed to 7 of the 16 Lithuanian universities. Background biographical questions were asked,…

Kamalipour, Yahya R.; And Others

360

The Influence of Leisure Preference, Life Priority and Making Time on Regular Participation in Leisure Time Physical Activity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using an attitude?behaviour theory approach this study examined the direct and indirect influence of preference, life priority and time allocation on regular participation in leisure?time physical activity (LTPA). The cross?sectional study used self?report questionnaires to collect data from a random sample of 250 people aged 19 to 87 years living in an Australian city. The findings suggest that people's regular

Melinda J Craike

2007-01-01

361

If it weren‘t for my hobby, I'd have a life: dog sports, serious leisure, and boundary negotiations  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the social sciences, work, family and religion - but not leisure - are commonly thought to shape the meanings people give their lives. But increasingly leisure research reports that under modernism, leisure practice and cultural consumption are at least as essential. What happens when leisure and ‘real world’ institutions pose different, even conflicting expectations? We focus on ‘serious leisure

Dair L. Gillespie; Ann Leffler; Elinor Lerner

2002-01-01

362

Exploring the relationships between free-time management and boredom in leisure.  

PubMed

The purpose of the study was to examine the relations of five dimensions of free-time management (including goal setting and evaluating, technique, values, immediate response, and scheduling) with leisure boredom, and whether these factors could predict leisure boredom. A total of 500 undergraduates from a university in southern Taiwan were surveyed with 403 usable questionnaires was returned. Pearson correlation analysis revealed that five dimensions of free-time management had significant negative relationships with leisure boredom. Furthermore, the results of stepwise regression analysis revealed that four dimensions of free-time management were significant contributors to leisure boredom. Finally, we suggested students can avoid boredom by properly planning and organizing leisure time and applying techniques for managing leisure time. PMID:22662396

Wang, Wei-Ching; Wu, Chung-Chi; Wu, Chang-Yang; Huan, Tzung-Cheng

2012-04-01

363

Community-referenced leisure skill clusters for adolescents with multiple disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

We evaluated the effectiveness of a training package used to teach student-selected community-referenced leisure skill clusters — ordering a pizza-to-go and renting a video from a local vendor — to two adolescents with multiple disabilities. The adolescents were taught the leisure skills (e.g., ordering the pizza) as well as related behaviors necessary to perform those leisure skills (e.g., using a

Jill C. Taylor; Jenifer L. McKelvey; Lori A. Sisson

1993-01-01

364

Leisure activities and adolescent antisocial behavior: The role of structure and social context  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this study was to understand better how the structure and social context of adolescent leisure activities relates to antisocial behavior. A representative sample of 703 14-year-olds and their parents were assessed concerning adolescent involvement in community-based leisure activities, peer and adult social relations, and antisocial behavior. Results showed that participation in highly structured leisure activities was linked

JOSEPH L. MAHONEY; HÅKAN STATTIN

2000-01-01

365

A Time Series Analysis of Representative Agent Models of Consumption and Leisure Choice under Uncertainty  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates empirically a model of aggregate consumption and leisure decisions in which utility from goods and leisure is nontime-separable. The nonseparability of p refer-ences accommodates intertemporal substitution or complementarit y of leisure and thereby affects the comovements in aggregate compens ation and hours worked. These cross relations are examined empiricall y using postwar monthly U.S. data on quantities,

Martin S Eichenbaum; Lars Peter Hansen; Kenneth J Singleton

1988-01-01

366

Leisure-Time Physical Activity in School Environments: An Observational Study Using SOPLAY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Schools provide settings for physical activity (PA), but objective tools for measuring PA are lacking. We assessed an instrument to directly observe group PA and measured the leisure-time PA of adolescents throughout the school day.Methods. Leisure-time PA was studied by direct observation in 24 middle schools in Southern California using SOPLAY (System for Observing Play and Leisure Activity in

Thomas L. McKenzie; Simon J. Marshall; James F. Sallis; Terry L. Conway

2000-01-01

367

The Impacts of Ict on leisure Activities and Travel: A Conceptual Exploration  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper offers a conceptual exploration of the potential impacts of ICTs on leisure activities and the associated travel.\\u000a We start by discussing what leisure is and is not. We point out that the boundaries between leisure, mandatory, and maintenance\\u000a activities are permeable, for three reasons: the multi-attribute nature of a single activity, the sequential interleaving\\u000a of activity fragments, and

Patricia L. Mokhtarian; Ilan Salomon; Susan L. Handy

2006-01-01

368

Adolescents' leisure activities, parental monitoring and cigarette smoking - a cross-sectional study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Adolescent participation in leisure activities is developmentally beneficial, but certain activities may increase health compromising\\u000a behaviours, such as tobacco smoking. A limited range of leisure activities has been studied, with little research on out-of-school\\u000a settings where parental supervision is a potential protective factor. Tobacco smoking is an important, potentially modifiable\\u000a health determinant, so understanding associations between adolescent leisure activities, parental

Hui Guo; Anthony I Reeder; Rob McGee; Helen Darling

2011-01-01

369

The feeding habits of Glossina*  

PubMed Central

The feeding habits of 15 species of Glossina have been studied by the identification of their blood meals. Representative samples of the blood meals from each of these species of tsetse fly and from different habitats were collected and 22 640 blood meals were identified. The feeding patterns are characteristic for each species of tsetse fly and do not appear to depend entirely on the availability of different hosts, suggesting that the feeding habits of Glossina are genetically determined. However, a broad grouping can be made into five categories: species feeding mainly on suids, those feeding on suids and bovids, those feeding mainly on bovids, those feeding mainly on mammals other than suids and bovids, and those feeding on most available hosts and on man. The possibility of control by selective elimination of the main hosts of these groups is discussed. PMID:13999790

Weitz, Bernard

1963-01-01

370

Diurnal Habitability of Frozen Worlds  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this work we discuss effects allowing local habitability of some extraterrestrial planets of low average surface temperatures.\\u000a We analyze the problem of diurnal and seasonal changes of temperature and biological productivity at different locations on\\u000a a hypothetical Earth-like planet. We have found, that under some circumstances the temperature may locally rise well above\\u000a the average value, allowing periods of

W. von Bloh; K. J. Kossacki; S. Franck; C. Bounama

2010-01-01

371

Development of a Habitable Planet  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, students investigate the origin of the elements, the process of planet formation, the evolution of life on Earth, and the conditions necessary for life as we know it. Using multimedia resources and a classroom activity, students identify and sequence the major events that caused Earth to develop into the planet we know, understand where the ingredients for Earth originated, including the conditions necessary for life, and consider the likelihood of other habitable worlds.

2005-01-01

372

Using Optogenetics to Study Habits  

PubMed Central

It is now well documented that optogenetics brings to neuroscience a long sought-after foothold to study the causal role of millisecond-scale activity of genetically or anatomically defined populations of neurons. Progress is rapid, and, as evidenced by the work collected in this Special Issue, the possibilities of what can now be done are almost dizzying. Even for those concerned with complex phenomena, such as behavioral habits and flexibility, signs are that we could be on the threshold of a leap in scientific understanding. In this article, we note this special time in neuroscience by the example of our use of optogenetics to study habitual behavior. We present a basic sketch of the neural circuitry of habitual behavior built mainly on findings from experiments in which lesion and drug microinjection techniques were employed in combination with sophisticated behavioral analysis. We then outline the types of questions that now can be approached through the use of optogenetic approaches, and, as an example, we summarize the results of a recent study of ours in which we took this approach to probe the neural basis of habit formation. With optogenetic methods, we were able to demonstrate that a small site in the medial prefrontal cortex can control habits on-line during their execution, and we were able to control new habits when they competed with prior ones. The nearly immediate effect of disabling this site optogenetically suggests the existence of a mechanism for moment-to-moment monitoring of behaviors that long have been thought to be almost automatic and reflexive. This example highlights the kind of new knowledge that can be gained by the carefully timed use of optogenetic tools. PMID:23313580

Smith, Kyle S.; Graybiel, Ann M.

2013-01-01

373

The leisure-noise dilemma: hearing loss or hearsay? What does the literature tell us?  

PubMed

The authors undertook a review of the literature, focussing on publications describing the following: (1) Pure tone threshold data for adolescents/young adults; (2) Measurements/estimates of noise exposure from leisure activities; and (3) The relationship between hearing threshold levels (HTLs) and leisure-noise exposure. There is a large volume of published materials relevant to these topics, and opinion among authors regarding the relationship between leisure-noise exposure and HTLs varies significantly. At one extreme is the view that the effects of leisure-noise are minimal. The opposing belief is that as a direct result of leisure-noise exposure, significant HTL shifts and possibly significant hearing disability are occurring in a large (and increasing) proportion of young people. It has been claimed that behaviors relating to leisure-noise are "as threatening to young people's health as more traditional risk behaviors" (, p. 55). This view has been reiterated by the popular media. This review revealed that while sufficient data confirm that some leisure pursuits provide potentially hazardous noise levels, the nature of the exposure-injury relationship for leisure-noise is yet to be determined. Specific information about the quality-of-life effects of threshold shift related to leisure-noise exposure is also lacking. The scope and limitations of a large sample of relevant publications and an overview of the methodological issues in this area of research are briefly presented. Considerations for future research are raised. PMID:25144250

Carter, Lyndal; Williams, Warwick; Black, Deborah; Bundy, Anita

2014-01-01

374

Effects of leisure education on self-rated health among older adults.  

PubMed

This study examined whether a leisure education program could promote leisure autonomy and self-rated health (SRH) among older adults. A pretest-posttest randomized experimental design was conducted. Subjects were randomly assigned to either an experimental group (n?=?30) or a control group (n?=?30). Data related to leisure autonomy and SRH were collected shortly before and after the experiment. Pretest and posttest data were analyzed using an analysis of covariance. The results indicated that the average posttest scores of leisure autonomy and SRH in the experimental group were significantly higher than those in the control group. Implications of the results are discussed. PMID:24635059

Chang, Liang-Chih; Yu, Ping; Jeng, Mei-Yuan

2015-01-01

375

Leisure in Children and Adolescents with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis: A Systematic Review  

PubMed Central

The aim of this systematic review is to describe participation in social and physical leisure activities among children and adolescents with JIA, as well as identify potential determinants of leisure participation. Methods Electronic databases were systematically searched for articles published up until June 2013 pertaining to participation in leisure activities among youth with JIA and other rheumatic diseases. Studies were included if they measured involvement in either social or physical leisure activities. Selection and quality appraisal of articles were completed independently by two authors. Results Eight hundred and ninety-three articles were found through electronic and reference search. One hundred and nine full articles were reviewed to assess for eligibility. Twelve articles met inclusion criteria and findings were reviewed. Most focused on describing participation in physical rather than social activities. Results suggest that youth with JIA participated less in both social and physical leisure activities as compared to healthy peers, and those with JIA did not meet national recommendations for physical activity. Potential determinants of leisure participation were socio-demographic (age, sex), anthropometric (height, weight) and disease-related (JIA subtype, disease duration, pain, number of swollen or painful joints, stiffness, fatigue, well-being) factors. Conclusion Characterization of leisure activity remains limited and mostly focused on physical activity in JIA. Assessment of more comprehensive outcome measures is warranted to obtain a better description of leisure in this population. Evidence of the influence of contextual factors as potential determinants of involvement in leisure among children with pediatric rheumatologic diseases is needed. PMID:25329390

Cavallo, Sabrina; April, Karine Toupin; Grandpierre, Viviane; Majnemer, Annette; Feldman, Debbie Ehrmann

2014-01-01

376

Tides, Planetary Companions, and Habitability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Earth-scale planets in the classical habitable zone (HZ) are more likely to be habitable if they possess active geophysics to drive processes that regulate their atmosphere. Without a constant internal energy source, planets cool as they age, eventually terminating tectonic activity. Planets orbiting low-mass stars can be very old, due to the longevity of such stars, so they may be rendered sterile to life in this way. However, the presence of an outer companion could generate enough tidal heat in the HZ planet to prevent such cooling. The range of mass and orbital parameters for the companion that give adequate long-term heating of the inner HZ planet, while avoiding very early total desiccation, is substantial. We locate the ideal location for the outer of a pair of planets, under the assumption that the inner planet has the same incident flux as Earth, orbiting example stars: a generic late M dwarf and the M9V/L0 dwarf DEN1048. We also analyze the extent to which systems with ideal parameters for heating will evolve over time. Thus discoveries of Earth-scale planets in the HZ zone of old small stars should be followed by searches for outer companion planets that might be essential for current habitability.

Van Laerhoven, Christa L.; Barnes, Rory; Greenberg, Richard

2014-05-01

377

Widen the belt of habitability!  

PubMed

Among the key-parameters to characterize habitability are presence or availability of liquid water, an appropriate temperature range, and the time scale of reference. These criteria for habitability are discussed and described from the point of view of water- and ice-physics, and it is shown that liquid water may exist in the sub-surfaces of planetary bodies like Mars, and possibly of inner asteroids and internally heated ice-moons. Water can remain fluid there also at temperatures far below the "canonical" 0 °C. This behaviour is made possible as a consequence of the freezing point depression due to salty solutes in water or "brines", as they can be expected to exist in nature more frequently than pure liquid water. On the other hand, low temperatures cause a slowing down of chemical processes, as can be described by Arrhenius's relation. The resulting smaller reaction rates probably will have the consequence to complicate the detection of low-temperature life processes, if they exist. Furthermore, the adaptation potential of life is to be mentioned in this context as a yet partially unknown process. Resulting recommendations are given to improve the use of criteria to characterize habitable conditions. PMID:22638839

Möhlmann, D

2012-06-01

378

Habitable exoplanets statistics in the Milky Way  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present an exoplanet statistical analysis into the Milky Way. We use the Becanson galactic synthetic model to simulate the Milky Way and the galactic and stellar habitable zones to calculate habitable planets. To assess habitability on the Galactic scale, we model supernova rates and planet formation. Our study, models the SNII and SNIa sterilizations by selecting them from within this preexisting stellar population. Furthermore, we consider habitability on tidally locked and non-tidally locked planets separately, and study habitability as a function of height above and below the Galactic mid-plane. The number of total habitable planets makes Milky Way practically empty of habitable planets. Our results, from these simulations, agree very well with Kepler's discoveries. Finally, we apply our results to the PLATO future space mission.

Anagnos, Th.

2013-09-01

379

Reading performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Television's potential effect on children's reading performance has become an issue of concern among educators. The estimate that by the end of the high school years, children will have spent more time watching television than attending school is frequently quoted and has both alarmed and intrigued researchers. Such a ubiquitous phenomenon as television is presumed to have effects on the

Susan B. Neuman

1984-01-01

380

Reading Research 1973.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet reviews reading research that was reported in Great Britain during 1973. The introductory pages highlight research in reading standards and tests, dyslexia and specific reading difficulties, remedial reading instruction, reading and its relation to language, reading materials, and reading interests. Annotated bibliographies list…

Goodacre, Elizabeth J.

381

Leisure-Time Physical Activity and All-Cause Mortality  

PubMed Central

Background Physical inactivity is a major public health problem associated with increased mortality risk. It is, however, poorly understood whether vigorous physical activity is more beneficial for reducing mortality risk than activities of lower intensity. The aim of this study was to examine associations of the intensity and volume of leisure-time physical activity with all-cause mortality among middle-aged women and men while considering sociodemographic and health related factors as covariates. Methods Questionnaire survey data collected in 2000-02 among 40–60-year-old employees of the City of Helsinki (N?=?8960) were linked with register data on mortality (74% gave permission to the linkage) providing a mean follow-up time of 12-years. The analysis included 6429 respondents (79% women). The participants were classified into three groups according to intensity of physical activity: low moderate, high moderate and vigorous. The volume of physical activity was classified into three groups according to tertiles. Cox regression analysis was used to calculate hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for all-cause mortality. Results During the follow up 205 participants died. Leisure-time physical activity was associated with reduced risk of mortality. After adjusting for covariates the vigorous group (HR?=?0.54, 95% CI 0.34–0.86) showed a reduced risk of mortality compared with the low moderate group whereas for the high moderate group the reductions in mortality risk (HR?=?0.72, 95% CI 0.48–1.08) were less clear. Adjusting for the volume of physical activity did not affect the point estimates. Higher volume of leisure-time physical activity was also associated with reduced mortality risk; however, adjusting for the covariates and the intensity of physical activity explained the differences. Conclusions For healthy middle-aged women and men who engage in some physical activity vigorous exercise may provide further health benefits preventing premature deaths. PMID:24988295

Lahti, Jouni; Holstila, Ansku; Lahelma, Eero; Rahkonen, Ossi

2014-01-01

382

Tides, planetary companions, and habitability: habitability in the habitable zone of low-mass stars  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Earth-scale planets in the classical habitable zone (HZ) are more likely to be habitable if they possess active geophysics. Without a constant internal energy source, planets cool as they age, eventually terminating tectonic activity. Planets orbiting low-mass stars can be very old, due to the longevity of such stars, so they may be rendered sterile to life in this way. However, the presence of an outer companion could generate enough tidal heat in the HZ planet to prevent such cooling. The range of mass and orbital parameters for the companion that give adequate long-term heating of the inner HZ planet, while avoiding very early total desiccation, is probably substantial. We locate the ideal location for the outer of a pair of planets, under the assumption that the inner planet has the same incident flux as Earth, orbiting example stars: a generic late M dwarf (Teff = 2670 K) and the M9V/L0 dwarf DEN1048. Thus discoveries of Earth-scale planets in the HZ zone of old small stars should be followed by searches for outer companion planets that might be essential for current habitability.

Van Laerhoven, C.; Barnes, R.; Greenberg, R.

2014-07-01

383

Internet Use and Its Impact on Engagement in Leisure Activities in China  

PubMed Central

Introduction Internet use has become an increasingly common leisure time activity among Chinese citizens. The association between Internet use and engagement in leisure activities is especially unclear among China population. This study aims to investigate Internet usage and to determine whether active Internet use is a marker for low or high levels of leisure time activities. Methods/Principal Findings With the use of a face-to-face structured questionnaire interview, a total of 2,400 respondents who met all screening requirements were surveyed to answer the questions in eight major cities in China. 66.2% (n?=?1,589) of all respondents were identified as Internet users. Of these Internet users, 30.0%, 24.1%, 26.4%, and 19.6% were clustered as “informative or instrumental users,” “entertainment users,” “communication users,” and “advanced users,” respectively. Regarding time spent on Internet use in leisure time, more than 96% reported going online in non-work situations, and 26.2% (n?=?416) were classified as “heavy Internet users.” A logistic regression analysis revealed that there were significant differences in some leisure activities between non-Internet users and Internet users, with an observed one-unit increase in the leisure time dependence category increasing the probability of engaging in mental or social activities. In contrast, Internet users were less engaged in physical exercise-related activities. In addition, advanced Internet users were generally more active in leisure time activities than non-Internet users and other types of users. Conclusion/Significance Internet use is one of very common leisure activities in Chinese citizens, and age, gender, income, and education are the key factors affecting Internet access. According to different types of leisure activities, Internet usage has different impacts on leisure activity engagement. High Internet dependence has no significant negative influence on engagement in mental or social leisure activities, but this group respondent tended to be less engaged in physical activities. PMID:24586902

Zhou, Ronggang; Fong, Patrick S. W.; Tan, Peking

2014-01-01

384

Finger Reading  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity (10th activity on the page) about the sense of touch, learners make Braille letters out of cork or cardboard and map pins. Learners test to see if they can identify the letters of the alphabet by feeling the blunt ends of the pins with just their fingertips. Use this activity to teach learners how blind people use their sense of touch to read.

Chudler, Eric H.

2009-01-01

385

Summer Reading  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Summer is a great time to kick back with a good book. Try The Bailey School Kids Series... it\\'s Great! Bailey School Kids Jan Brett is my favorite artist. It takes longer to look at the pictures than it does to read the book. But it\\'s worth it. Jan Brett I love Bunnicula, almost as much as I love Harold. Find out ...

Roner, Mrs.

2005-03-31

386

Tektite 2 habitability research program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Multi-level parameters relating to perceived life quality in an isolated research and residence quarters were measured using a variety of tests. The habitat under study, emplaced beneath the sea off the coast of St. John's Island as a part of the Tektite II program, was being used for marine research. The crew for each of the 10 missions consisted of one engineer and 4 scientists. One mission had an all-female crew. Mission length was either 14 or 20 days, and 4 engineers, in covering 6 missions, stayed in the habitat for periods of 30 days each. A personality test was taken before confinement in the habitat. Two attitude tests were filled out by the aquanauts while they were still in the habitat. Daily moods were monitored during all missions. Special observations were made of leisure time use. Standardized private debriefings were administered at the end of each mission to each aquanaut. Other behavioral observations made by another research team were intercorrelated with the other measures described above.

Nowlis, D. P.; Wortz, E. C.; Watters, H.

1972-01-01

387

77 FR 23652 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Illinois; Leisure Properties LLC/D...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Illinois; Leisure Properties LLC/D/B/A Crownline Boats; Adjusted Standard...State Implementation Plan (SIP) an adjusted standard for Leisure Properties LLC/D/B/A Crownline Boats (Crownline)...

2012-04-20

388

Teaching Leisure Skills to an Adult with Developmental Disabilities Using a Video Prompting Intervention Package  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study used a video prompting plus least-to-most prompting treatment package to teach a 35-year-old Caucasian man with Down Syndrome three leisure skills. Each leisure skill was task analyzed and the researchers created brief videos depicting the completion of individual steps. Using a multiple probe across behaviors design, the video…

Chan, Jeffrey Michael; Lambdin, Lindsay; Van Laarhoven, Toni; Johnson, Jesse W.

2013-01-01

389

Masculinities, affect and the (re)place(ment) of stardom in Formula One fan leisure practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Writing from an autoethnographic perspective, this article explores male leisure practices via the mediated relationships fans enter into with stars. More specifically, my own fandom for Formula One driver Jacques Villeneuve is the locus of study, revealing how this affective investment shapes and furnishes my corresponding leisure practices. Notions of gendered ‘performativity’ come to the fore, with my own displays

Damion Sturm

2011-01-01

390

A Leisure Activities Curricular Component for Severely Handicapped Youth: Why and How.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A rationale for including a leisure time activities curriculum component in educational programing for severely handicapped individuals is presented. The importance of play and the constructive use of leisure time is described through the use of a model demonstration project. (JN)

Voeltz, Luanna M.; Apffel, James A.

1981-01-01

391

Leisure and the Obligation of Self?Work: An Examination of the Fitness Field  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the cultural field of fitness as a network of producers, consumers, products and practices that has developed around the care of the body through physical exercise. Drawing on a thematic text analysis of US exercise manuals, the paper focuses on how the commercial fitness field naturalizes associations between physical exercise and leisure, and between leisure and self?work.

Jennifer Smith Maguire

2008-01-01

392

Peer Groups and Substance Use: Examining the Direct and Interactive Effect of Leisure Activity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the relationships among adolescent leisure activities, peer behavior, and substance use. We suggest that peer group interaction can have a differential effect on adolescent deviant behavior depending on the type of leisure pattern adolescents engage in. We analyze data from a representative national sample of Icelandic…

Thorlindsson, Thorolfur; Bernburg, Jon Gunnar

2006-01-01

393

Adaptation and Validation of the Spanish Version of the Leisure Assessment Inventory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Participation"--defined as engagement in life situations, including leisure and recreational activities--is associated with the improvement of people with disabilities' quality of life. Several specific instruments assess leisure, but none of them has been adapted to the Spanish context. The goal of this study is to adapt and validate the Spanish…

Badia, Marta; Orgaz-Baz, M. Begona; Verdugo, Miguel-Angel; Martinez-Aguirre, M. Magdalena; Longo-Araujo-de-Melo, Egmar; Ullan-de-la-Fuente, Ana M.

2012-01-01

394

The Treasure in Leisure Activities: Fostering Resilience in Young People Who Are Blind  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because leisure activities are often viewed as optional, their value to people with disabilities may not be recognized. This study explored the benefits of leisure activities for eight young people who are blind. These activities provided them with supportive relationships, a desirable identity, experiences of power and control, and experiences of…

Jessup, Glenda M.; Cornell, Elaine; Bundy, Anita C.

2010-01-01

395

Participation or Exclusion? Perspectives of Pupils with Autistic Spectrum Disorders on Their Participation in Leisure Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The importance of active participation in leisure activities for everybody is identified by Carr (2004) but issues around leisure in the lives of children with disabilities have received little recognition. The experience of children/young people (henceforth referred to simply as children, for brevity) with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) in…

Brewster, Stephanie; Coleyshaw, Liz

2011-01-01

396

Playin' Farmer: Leisure Experiences in a Craft-Based Community of Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study applies situated learning and communities of practice concepts to an ethnographic study of volunteer farm work. In contrast to a traditional conceptualization of education "for" leisure, participation in farm work activities is understood as a form of education taking place "in" a leisure context. Analysis reveals that participation in…

Dunlap, Rudy

2013-01-01

397

Using Simultaneous Prompting to Teach Independent Living and Leisure Skills to Adults with Severe Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The acquisition of independent living and leisure skills enables adults to experience an enhanced quality of life by increasing competence, self-reliance, and the development of autonomy. This study examined the effectiveness of simultaneous prompting to teach behavior chains (i.e., independent living and leisure skills) to adults with SID…

Dollar, Chad A.; Fredrick, Laura D.; Alberto, Paul A.; Luke, Jaye K.

2012-01-01

398

Leisure Time in Modern Societies: A New Source of Boredom and Stress?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increase in leisure time over the last century is well documented. We know much less, however, about the quality of the use of leisure time. Quite divergent predictions exist in this regard: Some authors have argued that the new, extensive free time will lead to new forms of time pressure and stress; others have foreseen an expansion of…

Haller, Max; Hadler, Markus; Kaup, Gerd

2013-01-01

399

Relationships between Leisure Participation and Quality of Life of People with Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Studies of people with developmental disabilities suggest that participation in leisure activities might be a key factor for good quality of life. This study explores the relationships between objective and subjective quality of life and leisure participation of adults with developmental disabilities. Materials and Methods: A…

Badia, Marta; Orgaz, María Begoña; Verdugo, Miguel Á.; Ullán, Ana M.; Martínez, Magdalena

2013-01-01

400

Time of One's Own: Employment, Leisure, and Delayed Transition to Motherhood in Japan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent theoretical work suggests that the increase in women's sense of entitlement to leisure has become a key to understanding delay in childbearing in industrialized countries. Using data from the Japanese Panel Study of Consumer Life, the author examines the relationship between leisure time and childbearing among Japanese married women in a…

Nomaguchi, Kei M.

2006-01-01

401

Leadership Behaviour of College Students in Relation to Their Leisure Time Activities in College Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study investigated the Leadership behaviour of college students in relation to their Leisure time activities in college life. In this study, the researcher wants to see the contribution of leisure time activities in developing the qualities of leadership of college students. The main objective of the study was to find out the relationship…

Sethi, Priyanka

2009-01-01

402

"It's More Than a Class": Leisure Education's Influence on College Student Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As universities and colleges continue to seek out ways to improve student engagement on their campuses, attention has been given to the role that on-campus leisure opportunities can play in developing this engagement. Yet, little research has analyzed the influence of leisure education on student engagement in the higher education setting. The…

Evans, Kate E.; Hartman, Cindy L.; Anderson, Denise M.

2013-01-01

403

The Relationship between Social Leisure and Life Satisfaction: Causality and Policy Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social leisure is generally found to be positively correlated with life satisfaction in the empirical literature. We ask if this association captures a genuine causal effect by using panel data from the GSOEP. Our identification strategy exploits the change in social leisure brought about by retirement, since the latter is an event after which the…

Becchetti, Leonardo; Giachin Ricca, Elena; Pelloni, Alessandra

2012-01-01

404

Celebrity fandom and its relationship to tourism and leisure behaviors: the case of Korean wave  

E-print Network

This dissertation research was conducted to help understand this under-researched area particularly in the field of leisure and tourism. It is argued in this study that the celebrity fandom is a novel form of leisure/tourism activity, which should...

Lee, Soojin

2009-05-15

405

An Examination of Family Communication within the Core and Balance Model of Family Leisure Functioning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine family communication within the core and balance model of family leisure functioning. The study was conducted from a youth perspective of family leisure and family functioning. The sample consisted of youth (N= 95) aged 11 - 17 from 25 different states in the United States. Path analyses indicated that…

Smith, Kevin M.; Freeman, Patti A.; Zabriskie, Ramon B.

2009-01-01

406

The Role of Informal and Formal Leisure Activities in the Disablement Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The disablement process model has been used as a framework to investigate factors that accelerate or decelerate disablement among older adults. Although very little is known about the direct and moderating effects of involvement in leisure activities on the disablement process, research has suggested that participation in leisure activities may…

Janke, Megan C.; Payne, Laura L.; Van Puymbroeck, Marieke

2008-01-01

407

Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction in Leisure Activities and Adolescents' Life Satisfaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Participation in leisure activities is an important arena for the positive psychological development of adolescents. The present study set out to examine the relationship between adolescents' satisfaction of the psychological needs for competence, relatedness, and autonomy in their participation in leisure activities and their perceived life…

Leversen, Ingrid; Danielsen, Anne G.; Birkeland, Marianne S.; Samdal, Oddrun

2012-01-01

408

No Fun Anymore: Leisure and Marital Quality across the Transition to Parenthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines changes in leisure patterns across the transition to parenthood for dual-earner, working-class couples, as well as the relationship between leisure and marital quality. To this end, 147 heterosexual couples were interviewed across the transition to parenthood. Findings indicate that during the transition to parenthood, husbands…

Claxton, Amy; Perry-Jenkins, Maureen

2008-01-01

409

Emerging Adults at Work and at Play: Leisure, Work Engagement, and Career Indecision  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To expand the understanding of how leisure and recreational activities can inform career indecision, this research examined the relationship between career indecision, work engagement, and leisure in emerging adults, 25-30 years of age. Independent sample t tests reveal that career indecisive emerging adults scored significantly lower on all three…

Konstam, Varda; Lehmann, Ilana S.

2011-01-01

410

Time Use Patterns between Maintenance, Subsistence and Leisure Activities: A Case Study in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Chinese government conducted its first time use survey of the activities of Chinese individuals in 2008. Activities were classified into three broad types, maintenance activities, subsistence activities and leisure activities. Time use patterns were defined by an individuals' time spent on maintenance, subsistence and leisure activities each…

Hui-fen, Zhou; Zhen-shan, Li; Dong-qian, Xue; Yang, Lei

2012-01-01

411

Playin’ farmer: leisure experiences in a craft-based community of practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study applies situated learning and communities of practice concepts to an ethnographic study of volunteer farm work. In contrast to a traditional conceptualization of education for leisure, participation in farm work activities is understood as a form of education taking place in a leisure context. Analysis reveals that participation in volunteer farm labor may also be understood as participation

Rudy Dunlap

2011-01-01

412

The relationship between leisure sports participation and lifestyle of adult women  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between leisure sports participation and lifestyle of adult women. This study examine effects the participation type and degree of leisure sports participation and lifestyle. The subject of this study were selected 520 adult women (281 participants, 239 non-participants) who 26 years old and over, living in Ulsan metropolitan area. The

Byung-Kook Park

2005-01-01

413

Neighbourhood safety and leisure-time physical activity among Dutch adults: a multilevel perspective  

PubMed Central

Background Several neighbourhood elements have been found to be related to leisure-time walking and cycling. However, the association with neighbourhood safety remains unclear. This study aimed to assess the association of neighbourhood-level safety with leisure-time walking and cycling among Dutch adults. Methods Data were derived from the national health survey (POLS) 2006–2009, with valid data on 20046 respondents residing in 2127 neighbourhoods. Multilevel logistic regression models were used to examine the association between neighbourhood-level safety (general safety and specific safety components: physical disorder, social disorder, crime-related fear, traffic safety) and residents’ engagement in outdoor leisure-time walking and cycling for at least 30 minutes per week. Results An increase in neighbourhood safety (both general safety and each of the safety components) was significantly associated with an increase in leisure-time cycling participation. Associations were strongest for general safety and among older women. In the general population, neighbourhood safety was not significantly associated with leisure-time walking. However, among younger and older adult men and lower educated individuals, an increase in general safety was associated with a decrease in leisure-time walking participation. Conclusions In the Netherlands, neighbourhood safety appears to be related to leisure-time cycling but not to walking. Leisure-time cycling may best be encouraged by improving different safety components at once, rather than focusing on one safety aspect such as traffic safety. Special attention is needed for older women. PMID:23356476

2013-01-01

414

A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Canadian and Mainland Chinese University Students' Leisure Motivations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the reliability and explanatory ability of a modified version of Deci and Ryan's self-determination theory as it applied to Canadian (n = 170) and Mainland Chinese (n = 229) university students' leisure motivations and determined whether these leisure motivations differed between the two cultural groups. An on-site questionnaire composed of seven motivational scales was developed. Alpha coefficients,

Gordon J. Walker; Xiye Wang

2008-01-01

415

Is Educational Leisure A Contradiction in Terms? Exploring the Synergy of Education and Entertainment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Theoretical analysis highlights the complexity of the relationship between education and entertainment in educational leisure settings and indicates the need for research in this area. This paper contributes to developing an understanding of the connections between, and compatibility of, education and entertainment, from the perspective of visitors to educational leisure settings. Questionnaire data were collected from 49 visitors to six

Jan Packer; Roy Ballantyne

2004-01-01

416

Leisure education within the context of a childhood obesity intervention programme: parents’ experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Parents are viewed as critical agents in preventing and treating childhood obesity. Intervention programmes that target parents have included leisure education as a component. This study explored parents’ experiences in a leisure education process conducted as part of a childhood obesity intervention programme. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 32 parents before and after they had completed the programme. Parents became

Charlene S. Shannon

2012-01-01

417

Effects of a Leisure Programme on Quality of Life and Stress of Individuals with ASD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Even though there is research demonstrating a positive relationship between leisure participation and the two constructs of quality of life and stress reduction, current conceptualisation of leisure as a contributor to quality of life is limited. In addition, in spite of improvements in accurate diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder…

Garcia-Villamisar, D. A.; Dattilo, J.

2010-01-01

418

Exploring the Relationship Between Internet Use and Leisure Satisfaction Among Older Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using the Internet is an important aspect of leisure among older adults, and satisfaction with Internet usage may be conducive to the well-being of older adults. This study explored via questionnaires the relationship between older adults' leisure satisfaction and their affinity for the Internet. A total of 103 older adults were recruited from a local aging agency in a Midwestern

Jinmoo Heo; Junhyoung Kim; Young-Shin Won

2011-01-01

419

The Pursuit of Leisure: Enriching the Lives of People Who Have a Disability. Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The book examines the place of leisure in the lives of disabled people and their families, in 18 articles by parents, counselors, recreation specialists, vocational counselors, researchers, and advocates. Stressed throughout is the potential of leisure when seen as a dimension of and vehicle for community living. Chapters are as follows:…

Gold, Deborah, Ed.; McGill, Judith, Ed.

420

Childhood traumas, mental health and physical health in adulthood: testing physically active leisure as a buffer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data from the 2005 Canadian Community Health Survey, we examine the potential role of physically active leisure as a moderator of the typically negative health outcomes that follow experiences of childhood trauma. In our analyses, experiences of childhood trauma were associated with lower self-rated mental and physical health. Participation in physically active leisure was associated with higher levels of

Susan M. Arai; Steven E. Mock; Karen A. Gallant

2012-01-01

421

Childhood traumas, mental health and physical health in adulthood: testing physically active leisure as a buffer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data from the 2005 Canadian Community Health Survey, we examine the potential role of physically active leisure as a moderator of the typically negative health outcomes that follow experiences of childhood trauma. In our analyses, experiences of childhood trauma were associated with lower self-rated mental and physical health. Participation in physically active leisure was associated with higher levels of

Susan M. Arai; Steven E. Mock; Karen A. Gallant

2011-01-01

422

New Thoughts on Play and Leisure Activities for Children and Adults Who Are Mentally Retarded.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveys on leisure and recreational patterns of mentally retarded individuals were completed by 98 parents of retarded children and adults. Results are reported, along with reviews of the literature in three general headings: (1) play in mentally retarded children under 12; (2) leisure and recreation activities in mentally retarded individuals 12…

Hughes, Selma; Fullwood, Harry L.

423

Family leisure, family photography and zoos: exploring the emotional geographies of families  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we explore the significance of the zoo as a place for family leisure and the emotional work of sustaining a positive family life. Zoos are understood as culturally laden places, widely identified as locations for family-friendly leisure and as stages for practicing family and then capturing and memorializing this behavior in and through family photographs. Zoo family

Bonnie C. Hallman; S. Mary P. Benbow; P. Benbow

2007-01-01

424

Canadian men's perceptions of leisure time physical activity and the ageing body  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research suggests that age and gender play important roles in motivation for and constraints to leisure time physical activity. Little research, however, has looked specifically at the perceptions and experiences of older men. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore leisure time physical activity and the ageing body from the perspectives of older men. Social cognitive theory was

Toni Liechty; Laura Dahlstrom; Katherine Sveinson; Julie Stafford Son; Brenda Rossow-Kimball

2012-01-01

425

Labour, leisure, poverty and protest: the 1968 Poor People’s Campaign as a case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social movements exist in a liminal space between labour and leisure. Movements require an inordinate amount of work – mobilising communities, studying policy issues, raising funds, organising events and participating in direct action – but protesting can also be fun. Demonstrations engender community through singing, shouting, marching and confronting authority figures. Activists often pass up typical leisure activities and take

Amy Nathan Wright

2008-01-01

426

Reciprocal Relationships between Value Orientation and Motivational Interference during Studying and Leisure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Motivational interference is defined as the amount of impairment in a target activity due to the incentives of a non-chosen attractive alternative. The amount to which pupils experience motivational interference while studying or while performing a leisure activity in a school-leisure conflict situation is seen as depending on the…

Hofer, Manfred; Schmid, Sebastian; Fries, Stefan; Kilian, Britta; Kuhnle, Claudia

2010-01-01

427

Current aspects of hearing loss from occupational and leisure noise  

PubMed Central

Hearing loss from occupational and leisure noise numbers amongst the most frequent causes of an acquired sensorineural hearing loss. Here we present a review of up-to-date findings on the pathophysiology of acoustic injury to the inner ear, with special attention being paid to its molecular-biological and genetic aspects. Epidemiological aspects shall also be dealt with, as shall the roles of lacking recovery from occupational noise due to additional exposure by leisure noise and the combined exposure of noise and chemicals. Based on the epidemiological and pathophysiological findings and against the background of published animal-experimental, pre-clinical and clinical findings, the various approaches for prevention, protection and therapeutic intervention with acoustic trauma are discussed. Pharmacological strategies involving anti-oxidative, anti-excitotoxic and anti-apoptotic substances as well as non-pharmacological strategies like "sound conditioning" are given attention. Furthermore, systemic and local substance application as well as the therapy of acute acoustic trauma and chronic hearing problems (including modern therapy forms for comorbidities such as tinnitus) shall be delved into. PMID:22073048

Plontke, S.; Zenner, H.-P.

2004-01-01

428

Exomoon Conditions in Circumbinary Habitability Zones  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Limits on the potential habitability of exomoons orbiting massive planets within circumbinary habitable zones are examined. Exomoons orbiting planets in the habitable zones of single stars and those orbiting circumbinary planets are subject to the, sometimes intense, tidal heating of the planet. So, exomoon orbits need to be sufficiently large and circular to avoid loss of water like Io. However, moons may be lost if their orbits are too large. We show that, in some cases, massive circumbinary planets have larger Hill radii than similar mass planets in single star habitable zones. The range of semimajor axes, beyond the habitable edge for moons is several times larger in some binaries as compared to single stars and is verified by numerical orbit experiments. We discuss implications of this result in the context of the binary habitability mechanism.

Mason, Paul A.; Zuluaga, J. I.; Clark, J.; Cuartas-Restrepo, P.

2014-01-01

429

Constraints on the Habitability of Extrasolar Moons  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Detections of massive extrasolar moons are shown feasible with the Kepler space telescope. Kepler's findings of about 50 exoplanets in the stellar habitable zone naturally make us wonder about the habitability of their hypothetical moons. Illumination from the planet, eclipses, tidal heating, and tidal locking distinguish remote characterization of exomoons from that of exoplanets. We show how evaluation of an exomoon's habitability is possible based on the parameters accessible by current and near-future technology.

Heller, René; Barnes, Rory

2014-04-01

430

Radiological Habits Survey: Hinkley Point, 2010  

E-print Network

Radiological Habits Survey: Hinkley Point, 2010 2011 Environment Report RL 01/11 Cefas contract Radiological Habits Survey: Hinkley Point, 2010 F.J. Clyne, C.J. Garrod, P. Rumney, L.M. Hughes and V.E. Ly be cited as: Clyne, F.C., Garrod, C.J., Rumney, P., Hughes, L.M., and Ly, V.E., 2011. Radiological Habits

431

Parent-adolescent joint projects involving leisure time and activities during the transition to high school.  

PubMed

Leisure research to date has generally overlooked planning and organizing of leisure time and activities between parents and adolescents. This investigation examined how a sample of Canadian adolescents and their parents jointly constructed and acted on goals related to adolescents' leisure time during the move from elementary to high school. Using the Qualitative Action-Project Method, data were collected over an 8-10 month period from 26 parent-adolescent dyads located in two urban sites, through video-taped conversations about leisure time, video recall interviews, and telephone monitoring interviews. Analysis of the data revealed that the joint projects of the 26 dyads could be grouped into three clusters: a) governance transfer or attempts to shift, from parent to adolescent, responsibility over academic demands, organizing leisure time, and safety with peers, b) balancing extra-curricular activities with family life, academics, and social activities, and c) relationship adjustment or maintenance. PMID:25134071

Marshall, Sheila K; Young, Richard A; Wozniak, Agnieszka; Lollis, Susan; Tilton-Weaver, Lauree; Nelson, Margo; Goessling, Kristen

2014-10-01

432

Dynamical habitability of planetary systems.  

PubMed

The problem of the stability of planetary systems, a question that concerns only multiplanetary systems that host at least two planets, is discussed. The problem of mean motion resonances is addressed prior to discussion of the dynamical structure of the more than 350 known planets. The difference with regard to our own Solar System with eight planets on low eccentricity is evident in that 60% of the known extrasolar planets have orbits with eccentricity e > 0.2. We theoretically highlight the studies concerning possible terrestrial planets in systems with a Jupiter-like planet. We emphasize that an orbit of a particular nature only will keep a planet within the habitable zone around a host star with respect to the semimajor axis and its eccentricity. In addition, some results are given for individual systems (e.g., Gl777A) with regard to the stability of orbits within habitable zones. We also review what is known about the orbits of planets in double-star systems around only one component (e.g., gamma Cephei) and around both stars (e.g., eclipsing binaries). PMID:20307181

Dvorak, Rudolf; Pilat-Lohinger, Elke; Bois, Eric; Schwarz, Richard; Funk, Barbara; Beichman, Charles; Danchi, William; Eiroa, Carlos; Fridlund, Malcolm; Henning, Thomas; Herbst, Tom; Kaltenegger, Lisa; Lammer, Helmut; Léger, Alain; Liseau, René; Lunine, Jonathan; Paresce, Francesco; Penny, Alan; Quirrenbach, Andreas; Röttgering, Huub; Selsis, Frank; Schneider, Jean; Stam, Daphne; Tinetti, Giovanna; White, Glenn J

2010-01-01

433

TIDAL LIMITS TO PLANETARY HABITABILITY  

SciTech Connect

The habitable zones (HZs) of main-sequence stars have traditionally been defined as the range of orbits that intercept the appropriate amount of stellar flux to permit surface water on a planet. Terrestrial exoplanets discovered to orbit M stars in these zones, which are close-in due to decreased stellar luminosity, may also undergo significant tidal heating. Tidal heating may span a wide range for terrestrial exoplanets and may significantly affect conditions near the surface. For example, if heating rates on an exoplanet are near or greater than that on Io (where tides drive volcanism that resurfaces the planet at least every 1 Myr) and produce similar surface conditions, then the development of life seems unlikely. On the other hand, if the tidal heating rate is less than the minimum to initiate plate tectonics, then CO{sub 2} may not be recycled through subduction, leading to a runaway greenhouse that sterilizes the planet. These two cases represent potential boundaries to habitability and are presented along with the range of the traditional HZ for main-sequence, low-mass stars. We propose a revised HZ that incorporates both stellar insolation and tidal heating. We apply these criteria to GJ 581 d and find that it is in the traditional HZ, but its tidal heating alone may be insufficient for plate tectonics.

Barnes, Rory [Department of Astronomy, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195-1580 (United States); Jackson, Brian; Greenberg, Richard [Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Raymond, Sean N. [Virtual Planetary Laboratory (United States)

2009-07-20

434

Endocannabinoid Signaling is Critical for Habit Formation  

PubMed Central

Extended training can induce a shift in behavioral control from goal-directed actions, which are governed by action-outcome contingencies and sensitive to changes in the expected value of the outcome, to habits which are less dependent on action-outcome relations and insensitive to changes in outcome value. Previous studies in rats have shown that interval schedules of reinforcement favor habit formation while ratio schedules favor goal-directed behavior. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying habit formation are not well understood. Endocannabinoids, which can function as retrograde messengers acting through presynaptic CB1 receptors, are highly expressed in the dorsolateral striatum, a key region involved in habit formation. Using a reversible devaluation paradigm, we confirmed that in mice random interval schedules also favor habit formation compared with random ratio schedules. We also found that training with interval schedules resulted in a preference for exploration of a novel lever, whereas training with ratio schedules resulted in less generalization and more exploitation of the reinforced lever. Furthermore, mice carrying either a heterozygous or a homozygous null mutation of the cannabinoid receptor type I (CB1) showed reduced habit formation and enhanced exploitation. The impaired habit formation in CB1 mutant mice cannot be attributed to chronic developmental or behavioral abnormalities because pharmacological blockade of CB1 receptors specifically during training also impairs habit formation. Taken together our data suggest that endocannabinoid signaling is critical for habit formation. PMID:18958234

Hilario, Monica R.F.; Clouse, Emily; Yin, Henry H.; Costa, Rui M.

2007-01-01

435

Habit Breaking Appliance for Multiple Corrections  

PubMed Central

Tongue thrusting and thumb sucking are the most commonly seen oral habits which act as the major etiological factors in the development of dental malocclusion. This case report describes a fixed habit correcting appliance, Hybrid Habit Correcting Appliance (HHCA), designed to eliminate these habits. This hybrid appliance is effective in less compliant patients and if desired can be used along with the fixed orthodontic appliance. Its components can act as mechanical restrainers and muscle retraining devices. It is also effective in cases with mild posterior crossbites. PMID:24198976

Abraham, Reji; Kamath, Geetha; Sodhi, Jasmeet Singh; Sodhi, Sonia; Rita, Chandki; Sai Kalyan, S.

2013-01-01

436

The habitable zone and extreme planetary orbits.  

PubMed

The habitable zone for a given star describes the range of circumstellar distances from the star within which a planet could have liquid water on its surface, which depends upon the stellar properties. Here we describe the development of the habitable zone concept, its application to our own solar system, and its subsequent application to exoplanetary systems. We further apply this to planets in extreme eccentric orbits and show how they may still retain life-bearing properties depending upon the percentage of the total orbit which is spent within the habitable zone. Key Words: Extrasolar planets-Habitable zone-Astrobiology. PMID:23035897

Kane, Stephen R; Gelino, Dawn M

2012-10-01

437

Space station group activities habitability module study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This study explores and analyzes architectural design approaches for the interior of the Space Station Habitability Module (originally defined as Habitability Module 1 in Space Station Reference Configuration Decription, JSC-19989, August 1984). In the Research Phase, architectural program and habitability design guidelines are specified. In the Schematic Design Phase, a range of alternative concepts is described and illustrated with drawings, scale-model photographs and design analysis evaluations. Recommendations are presented on the internal architectural, configuration of the Space Station Habitability Module for such functions as the wardroom, galley, exercise facility, library and station control work station. The models show full design configurations for on-orbit performance.

Nixon, David

1986-01-01

438

Redesigning Reading Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

All students, including struggling readers, need opportunities to make choices in their reading. Schools should shun round-robin oral reading and basal readers, prioritize reading time, allocate resources for varied reading materials keyed to student interests, and develop better reading teachers, not better reading programs. (Contains 20…

Ivey, Gay

2000-01-01

439

Elementary Reading Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This reading guide is intended to assist elementary teachers in planning, implementing, and evaluating reading programs in order to improve reading instruction. The introduction discusses such topics as the status of reading in society and school, the purpose of reading instruction, and goals of reading instruction. "Organizing for Instruction"…

Greenville County School District, Greenville, SC.

440

College Students' Media Habits: A Pilot Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study investigated the level of undergraduate college students' involvement with the electronic media (radio, television, movies, music) and print media (books, newspapers, magazines) as it relates to both study and leisure activities. During the 1992-94 academic years, 5100 questionnaires were distributed to college students across the United…

Kamalipour, Yahya R.; Robinson, William L.; Nortman, Michael L.

441

How Leisure Activities Correspond to the Development of Creative Achievement: insights from a study of highly intelligent individuals  

Microsoft Academic Search

The contribution of leisure time activities to highly intelligent people's creative achievement has rarely been investigated. By using highly intelligent adults' (N = 246) retrospective estimates of frequencies of leisure time activities, a special developmental profile of leisure time usage was found for the more successful individuals in contrast to the less successful. Highly intelligent, successful individuals spent more of

Ernst A. Hany

1996-01-01

442

77 FR 23622 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Illinois; Leisure Properties LLC/D...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Quality Implementation Plans; Illinois; Leisure Properties LLC/D/B/A Crownline Boats...Plan (SIP) an adjusted standard for Leisure Properties LLC/D/B/A Crownline Boats...rule, for volatile organic matter, for Leisure Properties LLC/D/B/A Crownline...

2012-04-20

443

The Use of an iPad2 as a Leisure Activity for a Student with Multiple Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Participation in preferred leisure activities is intrinsically motivating and satisfying. Many individuals with and without disabilities enjoy informal leisure activities, such as watching movies, listening to music, shopping, and going out to eat (Dattilo, Estrella, Light, McNaughton, & Seabury, 2008). Sometimes leisure activities are provided to…

Helps, Dawn H.; Herzberg, Tina S.

2013-01-01

444

Body Image and Beliefs About Appearance: Constraints on the Leisure of College-Age and MiddleAge Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among body image, beliefs about appearance, and leisure constraints for college-age women and their mothers. The Body-Image Assessment Scale, the Beliefs About Appearance Scale, and a hierarchical leisure constraints scale were used to assess body image concerns, and leisure constraints. A convenience sample of 116 female students at a private

Toni Liechty; Patti A. Freeman; Ramon B. Zabriskie

2006-01-01

445

An Exploration of the Role of Leisure in Coping with Work Related Stress Using Sequential Tree Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The past three decades have seen an explosion of interest into the nature, causes and consequences of stress in both work and non-work settings. Given that leisure is of growing importance in most people's lives and that the impact of stress influences the way in which leisure is used, then the role that leisure plays as a means of coping with…

Trenberth, Linda; Dewe, Philip

2005-01-01

446

Physical Leisure Participation and the Well-Being of Adults With Rheumatoid Arthritis: The Role of Sense of Belonging  

Microsoft Academic Search

Participation in physical leisure activities was tested as a coping resource among adults with rheumatoid arthritis. Drawing on sociological theory of social integration, sense of belonging was tested as a potential mediator to help explain any significant association found between physical leisure activity and well-being among a population-based sample of adults with rheumatoid arthritis. Greater frequency of physical leisure participation

Steven E. Mock; Cory Fraser; Shannon Knutson; Andrea Prier

2010-01-01

447

“I Just Want to Have Fun, But Can I?”: Examining Leisure Constraints and Negotiation by Children and Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined physically active leisure constraints of children and adolescents and empirically analyzed their ability to negotiate strategies to reduce their experience of constraints. Self-administered questionnaires and accelerometers were used to collect data on leisure constraints and physical activity from students (n=1654) in grades 3, 7, and 11. Gender and age differences were found in reported leisure constraints. Grade

Laurene Rehman; Phil Campagna; Ian Kirby; Angie Thompson; René J. L. Murphy; Roy Rasmussen; Gary W. Ness; Jack Porter; Catherine Droesbeck; Mike Arthur

2003-01-01

448

An Investigation of Students' Reading of the Harry Potter Series  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is an investigation into the reading habits of students in grades 5-8 from selected communities in two southern states, focusing on the Harry Potter series. Harry Potter, a student at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry, is the main character in a series (four thus far) of books that range in length from 352 to 752 pages. This

Brenda P. Dixey; Andrea M. D'Angelo

449

Rehearsed Oral Reading: Providing Authentic Reading Experiences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A two-part study investigated the prevalence of unrehearsed oral reading and compared reading fluency for rehearsed and unrehearsed reading passages. In the first part of the study, a total of 21 teachers were interviewed and 24 classrooms were observed. Results indicated that by far the most prevalent practice in basal reading programs is the…

Matz, Karl A.

450

Matching Reading Styles and Reading Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The hypothesis that reading instruction designed to incorporate students' preferred reading styles resulted in greater achievement gain when compared to controls was tested with 198 third and sixth graders. Results support the hypothesis that incorporating reading styles in reading instruction result in greater achievement gain. (SLD)

Oglesby, Frankie; Suter, W. Newton

1995-01-01

451

Extensive Reading Quizzes and Reading Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Extensive reading (ER) has become a common feature of many English as a second or foreign language (ESL/EFL) programs. There is evidence that reading large amounts of easy, interesting material may improve foreign language skills, most notably in vocabulary, reading rates, and overall proficiency. However, teacher evaluation of extensive reading

Stoeckel, Tim; Reagan, Nevitt; Hann, Fergus

2012-01-01

452

Evaluation of Reading Attitudes of 8th Grade Students in Primary Education According to Various Variables  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reading skill is a cognitive process in which the words are perceived, given a meaning, comprehended and then interpreted. The last year in primary education is a critical period when this skill is changed into a habit. As reading attitudes are important for an individual throughout the life, it is necessary to determine according to which…

Sahbaz, Namik Kemal

2012-01-01

453

International Jerusalem Symposium on Encouraging Reading Proceedings (4th, Jerusalem, Israel, March 13-15, 1989).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 14th Jerusalem International Book Fair, as an integral part of the International Jerusalem Symposium on Encouraging Reading took place for the fourth time. It addressed itself specifically to the promotion of reading habits among children and young people. The proceedings contain the following addresses: (1) "Give Us Books, Give Us Wings;…

Futterman, Linda, Comp.; And Others

454

THE READING OF OLDER AMERICANS WHO VIEW LEARNING AS A LIFELONG ACTIVITY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the reading behaviors of 101 older adults enrolled in a summer Elderhostel Program at Hood College, Frederick, Maryland. Each person completed a one-page questionnaire, answering questions related to seven original research questions. Findings concerning these persons' reading attitudes, interests, habits, and motivations are included. Comparisons are also made between findings of this

Kathleen M. Ngandu

1981-01-01

455

MONT 104N Modeling the Environment Paper Assignment 1 Montaigne and the First Year Summer Reading  

E-print Network

humanity," "Wake from the sleep of habit," "Let life be its own answer," and perhaps most characteris proposed answers? Also, did reading "On Cannibals" add to your understanding of Montaigne (that is over reading "On Cannibals" make you reconsider your earlier decision, or did it convince you you made

Little, John B.

456

A New Look at Habits and the Habit–Goal Interface  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present model outlines the mechanisms underlying habitual control of responding and the ways in which habits interface with goals. Habits emerge from the gradual learning of associations between responses and the features of performance contexts that have historically covaried with them (e.g., physical settings, preceding actions). Once a habit is formed, perception of contexts triggers the associated response without

Wendy Wood; David T. Neal

2007-01-01

457

Tides, planetary companions, and habitability: Habitability in the habitable zone of low-mass stars  

E-print Network

Earth-scale planets in the classical habitable zone (HZ) are more likely to be habitable if they possess active geophysics. Without a constant internal energy source, planets cool as they age, eventually terminating tectonic activity and rendering the planet sterile to life. However, for planets orbiting low-mass stars, the presence of an outer companion could generate enough tidal heat in the HZ planet to prevent such cooling. The range of mass and orbital parameters for the companion that give adequate long-term heating of the inner HZ planet, while avoiding very early total desiccation, is probably substantial. We locate the ideal location for the outer of a pair of planets, under the assumption that the inner planet has the same incident flux as Earth, orbiting example stars: a generic late M dwarf ($T_{eff}=2670 K$) and the M9V/L0 dwarf DEN1048. Thus discoveries of Earth-scale planets in the HZ zone of old small stars should be followed by searches for outer companion planets that might be essential for ...

Van Laerhoven, Christa; Greenberg, Richard

2014-01-01

458

Habitability and Life - an Overview  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Abstract The search for habitable planets has seen a significant boost, since much effort was invested into development of newer and more powerful techniques of detecting such planetary bodies. This search is fuelled by the interest that is sparked by its help in answering the bigger question of the origin of life on Earth and its abundance in the universe. Traditionally a planetary body has been deemed habitable when it provides conditions under which water is liquid. This led to the formulation of a habitable zone across stars, in which liquid water can exist. [1] Liquid water remains to this day the single most important feature in the search for life. There have been various suggestions of life being present in waterless environments like liquid hydrocarbons or even liquid ammonia, but how exactly a living system under such conditions might work, no one can satisfactorily explain. [2] A very important point in this context that is not often raised is that while water might be a favourable medium in which to live and certainly a major constituent of all living organism we know of, water alone is not alive and it will not spontaneously evolve into life. It would thus seem that apart from the presence of liquid water there a number of other, minor, necessary ingredients to life that determine whether a planet is habitable (meaning capable of sustaining life) or whether it is also capable of providing the starting grounds for the evolution of living systems. These other ingredients are determined by the minimum requirements of life itself. They include the molecular components of the most primitive encasing of an organism, the most primitive molecules needed for something like a metabolism and the most primitive way of storing information. [3] In addition to these molecular components, life must be able to utilise a source of energy to drive chemical reactions. Observations of various extremophiles on Earth utilising all kinds disequilibria suggest that these can be very diverse. The exact nature of these other ingredients, their possible presence and history of formation and their impact for the formation and evolution of life will be discussed for several different types of habitats all across the regime in which liquid water can be found, such as very dry and cold bodies like Mars, hot bodies like Venus, bodies covered completely in water or bodies with subsurface oceans. References [1] Kasting J.F., Whitmire D.P., Reynolds R.T., (1993) Icarus 101(1), 108-128 [2] Benner S.A., Ricardo A., Carrigan M.A. (2004) Curr Opin Chem Biol 8(6), 672-689 [3] Ruiz-Mirazo K., Peretó J., Moreno A., (2004) OLEB 34(3), 323-346 EPSC Abstracts, Vol. 3, EPSC2008-A-00039, 2008 European Planetary Science Congress, Author(s) 2008

Bredehöft, J. H.

2008-09-01

459

Possible Habitability of Ocean Worlds  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the last decade, the number of detected exoplanets has increased to over thousand confirmed planets and more as yet unconfirmed planet candidates. The scientific community mainly concentrates on terrestrial planets (up to 10 Earth masses) in the habitable zone, which describes the distance from the host star where liquid water can exist at the surface (Kasting et al., 1993). Another target group of interest are ocean worlds, where a terrestrial-like body (i.e. with an iron core and a silicate mantle) is covered by a thick water-ice layer - similar to the icy moons of our solar system but with several Earth masses (e.g. Grasset et al., 2009). When an exoplanet is detected and confirmed as a planet, typically the radius and the mass of it are known, leading to the mean density of the planet that gives hints to possible interior structures. A planet with a large relative iron core and a thick ocean on top of the silicate mantle for example would have the same average planet density as a planet with a more Earth-like appearance (where the main contributor to the mass is the silicate mantle). In this study we investigate how the radius and mass of a planet depend on the amount of water, silicates and iron present (after Wagner et al., 2011) the occurence of high-pressure-ice in the water-ice layer (note: we only consider surface temperatures at which liquid water exists at the surface) if the ocean layer influences the initiation of plate tectonics We assume that ocean worlds with a liquid ocean layer (and without the occurence of high-pressure ice anywhere in the water layer) and plate tectonics (especially the occurence of subduction zones, hydrothermal vents and continental formation) may be called habitable (Class III/IV habitats after Lammer et al., 2009). References: Kasting, J.F., Whitmire, D.P., and Reynolds, R.T. (1993). Habitable Zones around Main Sequence Stars. Icarus 101, 108-128. Grasset, O., Schneider, J., and Sotin, C. (2009). A study of the accuracy of mass-radius relationships for silicate-rich and ice-rich planets up to 100 Earth masses. The Astrophysical Journal 693, 722-733. Wagner, F.W., Sohl, F., Hussmann, H., Grott, M., and Rauer, H. (2011). Interior structure models of solid exoplanets using material laws in the infinite pressure limit. Icarus 214, 366-376. Lammer, H., Bredehöft, J.H., Coustenis, A., Khodachenko, M.L., Kaltenegger, L., Grasset, O., Prieur, D., Raulin, F., Ehrenfreund, P., Yamauchi, M., Wahlund, J.-E., Grießmeier, J.-M., Stangl, G., Cockell, C.S., Kulikov, Yu.N., Grenfell, J.L., and Rauer, H. (2009). What makes a planet habitable? Astron Astrophys Rev 17, 181-249.

Noack, Lena; Höning, Dennis; Bredehöft, Jan H.; Lammer, Helmut

2014-05-01

460

The Habitable Planet: Ecology Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Annenberg Media project continues to bring interesting and engaging educational materials to teachers and students, and the ball keeps on rolling with this particular feature. The ecology lab feature here is designed to be used in conjunction with "The Habitable Planet" series, which is also available on the site. Teachers and others will note that the site includes an ecology simulator, and visitors can toggle the various settings to learn how the addition or removal of different species will affect their self-designed ecosystem. The simulator is fairly easy to understand, and there's a "HELP" section designed to provide assistance. Additionally, the site also includes a glossary of relevant ecosystem terms, videos, and an online textbook.

461

Habitable planets with high obliquities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Earth's obliquity would vary chaotically from 0 degrees to 85 degrees were it not for the presence of the Moon (J. Laskar, F. Joutel, and P. Robutel, 1993, Nature 361, 615-617). The Moon itself is thought to be an accident of accretion, formed by a glancing blow from a Mars-sized planetesimal. Hence, planets with similar moons and stable obliquities may be extremely rare. This has lead Laskar and colleagues to suggest that the number of Earth-like planets with high obliquities and temperate, life-supporting climates may be small. To test this proposition, we have used an energy-balance climate model to simulate Earth's climate at obliquities up to 90 degrees. We show that Earth's climate would become regionally severe in such circumstances, with large seasonal cycles and accompanying temperature extremes on middle- and high-latitude continents which might be damaging to many forms of life. The response of other, hypothetical, Earth-like planets to large obliquity fluctuations depends on their land-sea distribution and on their position within the habitable zone (HZ) around their star. Planets with several modest-sized continents or equatorial supercontinents are more climatically stable than those with polar supercontinents. Planets farther out in the HZ are less affected by high obliquities because their atmospheres should accumulate CO2 in response to the carbonate-silicate cycle. Dense, CO2-rich atmospheres transport heat very effectively and therefore limit the magnitude of both seasonal cycles and latitudinal temperature gradients. We conclude that a significant fraction of extrasolar Earth-like planets may still be habitable, even if they are subject to large obliquity fluctuations.

Williams, D. M.; Kasting, J. F.

1997-01-01

462

Habitable planets with high obliquities.  

PubMed

Earth's obliquity would vary chaotically from 0 degrees to 85 degrees were it not for the presence of the Moon (J. Laskar, F. Joutel, and P. Robutel, 1993, Nature 361, 615-617). The Moon itself is thought to be an accident of accretion, formed by a glancing blow from a Mars-sized planetesimal. Hence, planets with similar moons and stable obliquities may be extremely rare. This has lead Laskar and colleagues to suggest that the number of Earth-like planets with high obliquities and temperate, life-supporting climates may be small. To test this proposition, we have used an energy-balance climate model to simulate Earth's climate at obliquities up to 90 degrees. We show that Earth's climate would become regionally severe in such circumstances, with large seasonal cycles and accompanying temperature extremes on middle- and high-latitude continents which might be damaging to many forms of life. The response of other, hypothetical, Earth-like planets to large obliquity fluctuations depends on their land-sea distribution and on their position within the habitable zone (HZ) around their star. Planets with several modest-sized continents or equatorial supercontinents are more climatically stable than those with polar supercontinents. Planets farther out in the HZ are less affected by high obliquities because their atmospheres should accumulate CO2 in response to the carbonate-silicate cycle. Dense, CO2-rich atmospheres transport heat very effectively and therefore limit the magnitude of both seasonal cycles and latitudinal temperature gradients. We conclude that a significant fraction of extrasolar Earth-like planets may still be habitable, even if they are subject to large obliquity fluctuations. PMID:11541242

Williams, D M; Kasting, J F

1997-01-01

463

Genetic Influences on Adolescent Eating Habits  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Behavioral genetic research shows that variation in eating habits and food consumption is due to genetic and environmental factors. The current study extends this line of research by examining the genetic contribution to adolescent eating habits. Analysis of sibling pairs drawn from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health)…

Beaver, Kevin M.; Flores, Tori; Boutwell, Brian B.; Gibson, Chris L.

2012-01-01

464

Habitability of Enceladus: Planetary Conditions for Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

The prolific activity and presence of a plume on Saturn's tiny moon Enceladus offers us a unique opportunity to sample the interior composition of an icy satellite, and to look for interesting chemistry and possible signs of life. Based on studies of the potential habitability of Jupiter's moon Europa, icy satellite oceans can be habitable if they are chemically mixed

Christopher D. Parkinson; Mao-Chang Liang; Yuk L. Yung; Joseph L. Kirschivnk

2008-01-01

465

Radiological Habits Survey: Cumbrian coast beach occupancy,  

E-print Network

Radiological Habits Survey: Cumbrian coast beach occupancy, 2009 2010 Cefas contract report C3635 Environment Report RL 01/10 #12;1 Environment Report RL 01/10 Radiological Habits Survey: Cumbrian coast beach. Survey area 9 Map 1 The Cumbrian coast beach occupancy survey area 10 3.1 General observations 11 3

466

Habits of Study and Test Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study habits inventory was administered to ninth- and tenth-grade students. The data were factor-analyzed to yield three constituents of study practices: distractibility, compulsiveness, and inquisitiveness. These factors satisfactorily replicated factors found in previous research and accounted for over 50% of the total variation of the items in the inventory. Tests of hypothesized relationships between habits of study and test

Thomas H. Estes; Herbert C. Richards

1985-01-01

467

Unsuccessful Study Habits in Foreign Language Courses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study determined which study habits would distinguish successful from unsuccessful foreign language learners. Participants were 219 college students from a variety of disciplinary backgrounds enrolled in either Spanish, French, German, or Japanese classes. The students completed the Study Habits Inventory and the Background Demographic Form.…

Bailey, Phillip D.; Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.

468

Study Habits Inventory scores and scholarship  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Wrenn Study Habits Questionnaire was administered to a group of high school graduates who were entering nursing school. The validity of the questionnaire in predicting grades in academic courses was found to be negligible. These findings suggest that new students are unable or unwilling to evaluate their study habits so that their questionnaire responses will differentiate the low scholarship

H. P. Gordon

1941-01-01

469

Health benefits of serious involvement in leisure activities among older Korean adults  

PubMed Central

The existing literature suggests that serious engagement in leisure activities leads to happiness, life satisfaction, and successful aging among older adults. This qualitative study was used to examine the benefits of serious involvement in leisure activities among older Korean adults who were members of a sports club. Using an analytic data analysis, we identified three main themes associated with the benefits of serious engagement in leisure activities: 1) the experience of psychological benefits, 2) the creation of social support, and 3) the enhancement of physical health. These themes indicate that, through serious involvement in certain physical activities, participants gain various health benefits, which may contribute to successful aging. PMID:25059979

Kim, Junhyoung; Yamada, Naoko; Heo, Jinmoo; Han, Areum

2014-01-01

470

Leisure Items as Controls in the Attention Condition of Functional Analyses  

PubMed Central

Leisure items (e.g., games, toys) are commonly made available as controls during attention conditions of functional analyses (Ringdahl, Winborn, Andelman, & Kitsukawa, 2002). However, Ringdahl et al. raised questions about this practice. This paper reviews research that supports and conflicts with the inclusion of leisure items as controls, including a quantitative analysis of relevant articles published in the Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis over a 10-year period. Data reviewed suggest that practitioners may consider omitting leisure items as controls or including such items strategically based on the accumulation of assessment information. PMID:16270852

2005-01-01

471

Reading Consultant's Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook contains brief essays concerning aspects of reading and reading skills, activities designed to promote those skills, and biographies of reading specialists. The first section of the handbook discusses reading readiness, word recognition, word analysis, word meaning, comprehension, and content area reading. After discussion of each…

Bourgeois, Penny, Comp.; And Others

472

Prose recall: effects of aging, verbal ability, and reading behavior.  

PubMed

This paper describes an exploratory multivariate analysis designed to determine the relative contributions of age, verbal ability, education, reading habits, and recall strategies to the explanation of variation in performance on prose recall tasks among adults. Four hundred twenty-two adults in three age groups--young (18 to 32), middle (40 to 54) and old (62 to 80)--read and recalled in writing two 388-word prose passages and answered questions about their background, reading habits, and recall strategies. Results indicate that a decrease in quantity of recall appears with increasing age, though verbal ability is a better predictor of recall than is age. In addition, a recall strategy factor representing a paragraph-by-paragraph retrieval strategy produces the highest simple correlations with total recall and contributes significantly to the other recall measures. PMID:3722731

Rice, G E; Meyer, B J

1986-07-01

473

Prevalence of a posterior crossbite and sucking habits in Brazilian children aged 18-59 months.  

PubMed

This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the prevalence of posterior crossbites and non-nutritive sucking habits in 2750 Brazilian children aged from 18 to 59 months. The data were collected by 123 previously trained dental students and recorded on a response card according to the model developed by the Forsyth Institute, Boston, Maryland, USA, for optical reading. Information concerning sucking habits and family income was obtained during an interview with a parent or guardian. A clinical examination was also undertaken. Statistical analysis included chi-square and Fisher's exact tests. A posterior crossbite was observed as early as 18 months of age. The prevalence of a posterior crossbite was 10.4 per cent and was associated with age (P = 0.00) and with sucking habits (P = 0.01). The prevalence of sucking habits was 43.5 per cent. A posterior crossbite was not associated with socio-economic status (P = 0.38). While sucking habits were common among the age group studied (43.5 per cent), only a small percentage exhibited a posterior crossbite. These results suggest that further investigations into other aetiological factors, in particular genetics and respiratory problems, are necessary to provide more evidence that could clarify this issue. PMID:19336627

Macena, Maria Carolina Bandeira; Katz, Cíntia Regina Tornisiello; Rosenblatt, Aronita

2009-08-01

474

HABEBEE: habitability of eyeball-exo-Earths.  

PubMed

Extrasolar Earth and super-Earth planets orbiting within the habitable zone of M dwarf host stars may play a significant role in the discovery of habitable environments beyond Earth. Spectroscopic characterization of these exoplanets with respect to habitability requires the determination of habitability parameters with respect to remote sensing. The habitable zone of dwarf stars is located in close proximity to the host star, such that exoplanets orbiting within this zone will likely be tidally locked. On terrestrial planets with an icy shell, this may produce a liquid water ocean at the substellar point, one particular "Eyeball Earth" state. In this research proposal, HABEBEE: exploring the HABitability of Eyeball-Exo-Earths, we define the parameters necessary to achieve a stable icy Eyeball Earth capable of supporting life. Astronomical and geochemical research will define parameters needed to simulate potentially habitable environments on an icy Eyeball Earth planet. Biological requirements will be based on detailed studies of microbial communities within Earth analog environments. Using the interdisciplinary results of both the physical and biological teams, we will set up a simulation chamber to expose a cold- and UV-tolerant microbial community to the theoretically derived Eyeball Earth climate states, simulating the composition, atmosphere, physical parameters, and stellar irradiation. Combining the results of both studies will enable us to derive observable parameters as well as target decision guidance and feasibility analysis for upcoming astronomical platforms. PMID:23510083

Angerhausen, Daniel; Sapers, Haley; Citron, Robert; Bergantini, Alexandre; Lutz, Stefanie; Queiroz, Luciano Lopes; da Rosa Alexandre, Marcelo; Araujo, Ana Carolina Vieira

2013-03-01

475

Habitability from a microbial point of view  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We examine here the definition of habitability from the point of view of primitive, anaerobic microorganisms noting that the conditions of habitability are different for the appearance of life, for established life, and for life in dormant mode [1]. Habitability in this sense is clearly distinguished from the 'prebiotic world' that precedes the appearance of life. The differences in the conditions of habitability necessary for life to appear, for life to flourish and for dormant life entrain differences in spatial and temporal scales of habitability. For the origin of life, the ingredients carbon molecules, water, nutrients and energy need to be present on time scales applicable for the origin of life (105 to a few 106 y ?), necessitating the spatial scales of a minimum of ~100 km. Established life can take advantage of short-lived habitats (hours, days) to much longer lived ones on spatial scales of 100s ?m to cm-m, whereas dormant life can survive (but not metabolise) in extreme environments for very long periods (perhaps up to millions of years) at microbial spatial scales (100s ?m - mms). Thus, it is not necessary for the whole of a planet of satellite to be habitable. But the degree of continued habitability will have a strong influence on the possibility of organisms to evolve. For a planet such as Mars, for instance, microbial habitability was (perhaps still is) at different times and in different places. Habitable conditions conducive to the appearance of life, established life and possibly even dormant life could co-exist at different locations. Reference: [1] F. Westall, D. Loizeau, F. Foucher, N. Bost, M. Bertrand, J. Vago, & G. Kminek, Astrobiology 13:9, 887-897 (2013).

Westall, Frances; Loizeau, Damien; Foucher, Frédéric; Bost, Nicolas; Bertrand, Marylène; Vago, Jorge; Kminek, Gerhard

2014-05-01

476

The Habitable Zone Gallery and its Applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Habitable Zone Gallery (www.hzgallery.org) is a service to the exoplanet community which provides Habitable Zone (HZ) information for each of the exoplanetary systems with known planetary orbital parameters. The service includes a sortable table, a plot with the period and eccentricity of each of the planets with respect to their time spent in the HZ, a gallery of known systems which plot the orbits and the location of the HZ with respect to those orbits, and orbital movies. Here we discuss various educational and scientific applications of the site such as target selection, exploring planets with eccentric orbits, and investigating habitability.

Gelino, Dawn M.; Kane, S. R.

2012-05-01

477

Habitability design elements for a space station  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Habitability in space refers to the components, characteristics, conditions, and design parameters that go beyond but include the basic life sustaining requirements. Elements of habitability covered include internal environment, architecture, mobility and restraint, food, clothing, personal hygiene, housekeeping, communications, and crew activities. All elements are interrelated and need to be treated as an overall discipline. Designing for a space station is similar to designing on earth but with 'space rules' instead of ground rules. It is concluded that some habitability problems require behavioral science solutions.

Dalton, M. C.

1983-01-01

478

Video Games and Children: Effects on Leisure Activities, Schoolwork, and Peer Involvement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Measures the indirect effect a home video system has on children's leisure activities, school work, and peer contacts. Concludes that owning a video game does not greatly alter a child's activities. (HOD)

Creasey, Gary L; Myers, Barbara J

1986-01-01

479

Assessing the impact of road traffic on cycling for leisure and cycling to work  

E-print Network

Abstract Background To explore the relationship between leisure and commuter cycling with objectively measured levels of road traffic and whether any relationship was affected by traffic levels directly outside of home or in local neighbourhood...

Foster, Charles E; Panter, Jenna R; Wareham, Nicholas J

2011-06-10

480

Leisure skill programming for severely and profoundly handicapped persons: state of the art.  

PubMed

The purpose of this paper was to (1) review the current research available in leisure skill programming for severely and profoundly handicapped persons; (2) summarize the gaps in knowledge and point to new programming directions in recreation skill development; and (3) outline leisure skill competencies which teacher trainees must develop. In reviewing the leisure skill studies which have been conducted over the past seven years, a descriptive analysis of subject characteristics, teaching procedures, response measures, and generalization/maintenance strategies in each study was provided. The principle areas which were then identified for future programming included recreational skill sequences, self-initiated free play and toy preference evaluation. A statement of 15 recreation programming competencies was devised as a set of guidelines for preparing teacher trainees in leisure skill programming. PMID:151570

Wehman, P

1978-11-01

481

Teaching Reading Comprehension through Collaborative Strategic Reading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of collaborative strategic reading (CSR) as an approach to enhancing the reading-comprehension skills of students with learning disabilities. Procedures for implementing CSR with collaborative groups and techniques for teaching reading-comprehension skills are provided. The role of the teacher is described and sample teaching…

Vaughn, Sharon; Klingner, Janette Kettman

1999-01-01

482

Choosing to Read: Overcoming Reading Apathy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an intervention developed to help overcome reading apathy and motivate high school students to read. The intervention involved teaching students how to select books to read by practicing the creation of book previews in the computer lab. Evaluation of student surveys, book selections, and book reports indicated that learning to preview…

Wright, Donna J.

1998-01-01

483

A multicentre randomized controlled trial of leisure therapy and conventional occupational therapy after stroke  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To evaluate the effects of leisure therapy and conventional occupational therapy (OT) on the mood, leisure participation and independence in activities of daily living (ADL) of stroke patients 6 and 12 months after hospital discharge.Design: Multicentre randomized controlled trial.Setting and participants: Four hundred and sixty-six stroke patients from five UK centres.Main outcome measures: The General Health Questionnaire (12 item),

C. J. Parker; J. R. F. Gladman; A. E. R. Drummond; M. E. Dewey; N. B. Lincoln; D. Barer; P. A. Logan; K. A. Radford

2001-01-01

484

An empirical investigation of retiree relocation decisions with special reference to the role of leisure amenities  

E-print Network

AN EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATION OF RETIREE RELOCATION DECISIONS WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO THE ROLE OF LEISURE AMENITIES A Thesis by TRACI LANNETTE HAIGOOD Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A8cM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1996 Major Subject: Marketing AN EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATION OF RETIREE RELOCATION DECISIONS WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO THE ROLE OF LEISURE AMENITIES A Thesis by TRACI LANNETTE HAIGOOD Submitted to Texas...

Haigood, Traci Lannette

2012-06-07

485

Breaking the constraints of women's leisure: designing recreational facilities for use by women  

E-print Network

Record of Study Breaking the Constraints of Women's Leisure: Designing Recreational Facilities for Use by Women A Professional Paper by Dena L. Kiker Submitted to the College of Agriculture aud Life Sciences of Texas A&M University... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Agriculture December 1995 Recreation, Parks, and Tourism Sciences Recreational Resources Development Breaking the Constraints of Women's Leisure: Designing Recreational Facilities...

Kiker, Dena L

2012-06-07

486

Exploratory Notes on the Geography of Black Gay Leisure Spaces in Bloemfontein, South Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gay leisure space development has of late been an important area of investigation in geography. Generally, these investigations\\u000a have primarily concerned white gay men in Western countries. Most of these debates have not been considered in the developing\\u000a world context, particularly in Africa. This investigation explores the leisure geography of black gay men in the city of Bloemfontein.\\u000a It is

Gustav Visser

2008-01-01

487

Group-Based Mobile Messaging in Support of the Social Side of Leisure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Communication on mobile devices plays an important role in people’s use of technology for leisure, but to date this communication\\u000a has largely been one-to-one. Mobile internet connectivity can support a variety of group-based messaging and media sharing\\u000a scenarios. Switching to group-based messaging should enhance the social and leisure aspects of the communication, but in what\\u000a ways and to what extent?

Scott Counts

2007-01-01

488

Creating citizens through play: the role of leisure in Indonesian nation-building  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, I explore connections between space, the body and the nation by analyzing state-introduced leisure activities in a village in Indonesia. While leisure activities are voluntary and are more enjoyable than more formal nation-building activities, I investigate how they are politicized and intimately tied to the state's nation-building agenda. Focusing on national programs of volleyball, takro (an indigenous

Sarah Moser

2010-01-01

489

Association Between Leisure-Time Physical Activity and Self-Reported Hypertension Among Brazilian Adults, 2008  

PubMed Central

Introduction Physical inactivity is a risk factor for hypertension. The objective of this study was to examine the association between self-reported leisure-time physical activity and hypertension among Brazilian adults categorized by sex and body weight. Methods The study used data from adult respondents in 26 capital cities and the Federal District to VIGITEL (N = 54,353), Brazil’s 2008 national surveillance system for risk and protective factors for chronic diseases. We conducted a multivariate logistic regression analysis to investigate the association between self-reported leisure-time physical activity and hypertension and examined whether sex or body weight modified this relationship. Results The prevalence of self-reported hypertension was high among women, older people, and people with fewer years of education. Overall, leisure-time physical activity decreased with increasing age, increased with increasing education level, and was higher among men than women. The association for leisure-time physical activity and hypertension was modified by sex but not body weight. Leisure-time physical activity reduced the odds of hypertension in men. Conclusion On the basis of self-reporting, leisure-time physical activity may be protective against hypertension in Brazilian men. Inclusion of other physical activity domains in the analyses may be necessary to fully understand the complex relationship between physical activity and hypertension by sex. In addition, public health priorities in Brazil for improving physical activity can target the entire population and not just those who are overweight or obese. PMID:24157075

Pratt, Michael; Simoes, Eduardo J.; de Moura, Lenildo; Malta, Deborah C.

2013-01-01

490

Association between Sleep Disturbances and Leisure Activities in the Elderly: A Comparison between Men and Women  

PubMed Central

It has been suggested that physical or social activity is associated with fewer sleep disturbances among elderly people. Women report more sleep disturbances than men, which could indicate a variation in activity patterns between the genders. The aim of this study was to investigate associations between sleep disturbances and leisure activities in men and women (n = 945) aged ?60 years in a Swedish population. Sleep disturbances were measured using eight dichotomous questions and seventeen variables, covering a wide range of leisure activities. Few leisure activities were found to be associated with sleep disturbances and their importance decreased when the models were adjusted for confounders and gender interactions. After clustering the leisure activities and investigating individual activities, sociointellectual activities were shown to be significant for sleep. However, following adjustment for confounders and gender interactions, home maintenance was the only activity significant for sleep. Being a female increased the effect of home maintenance. Besides those leisure activities, poor/fair self-rated health (OR 7.50, CI: 4.27–11.81) and being female (OR 4.86, CI: 2.75–8.61) were found to have the highest association with poor sleep. Leisure activities pursued by elderly people should focus on activities of a sociointellectual nature, especially among women, to promote sleep. PMID:24575303

Hellstrom, Amanda; Hellstrom, Patrik; Fagerstrom, Cecilia

2014-01-01

491

Setting the Stage for Habitable Planets  

PubMed Central

Our understanding of the processes that are relevant to the formation and maintenance of habitable planetary systems is advancing at a rapid pace, both from observation and theory. The present review focuses on recent research that bears on this topic and includes discussions of processes occurring in astrophysical, geophysical and climatic contexts, as well as the temporal evolution of planetary habitability. Special attention is given to recent observations of exoplanets and their host stars and the theories proposed to explain the observed trends. Recent theories about the early evolution of the Solar System and how they relate to its habitability are also summarized. Unresolved issues requiring additional research are pointed out, and a framework is provided for estimating the number of habitable planets in the Universe.

Gonzalez, Guillermo

2014-01-01

492

Setting the stage for habitable planets.  

PubMed

Our understanding of the processes that are relevant to the formation and maintenance of habitable planetary systems is advancing at a rapid pace, both from observation and theory. The present review focuses on recent research that bears on this topic and includes discussions of processes occurring in astrophysical, geophysical and climatic contexts, as well as the temporal evolution of planetary habitability. Special attention is given to recent observations of exoplanets and their host stars and the theories proposed to explain the observed trends. Recent theories about the early evolution of the Solar System and how they relate to its habitability are also summarized. Unresolved issues requiring additional research are pointed out, and a framework is provided for estimating the number of habitable planets in the Universe. PMID:25370028

Gonzalez, Guillermo

2014-01-01

493

An evaluation of Skylab habitability hardware  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

For effective mission performance, participants in space missions lasting 30-60 days or longer must be provided with hardware to accommodate their personal needs. Such habitability hardware was provided on Skylab. Equipment defined as habitability hardware was that equipment composing the food system, water system, sleep system, waste management system, personal hygiene system, trash management system, and entertainment equipment. Equipment not specifically defined as habitability hardware but which served that function were the Wardroom window, the exercise equipment, and the intercom system, which was occasionally used for private communications. All Skylab habitability hardware generally functioned as intended for the three missions, and most items could be considered as adequate concepts for future flights of similar duration. Specific components were criticized for their shortcomings.

Stokes, J.

1974-01-01

494

Investigating habits: strategies, technologies and models  

E-print Network

Understanding habits at a biological level requires a combination of behavioral observations and measures of ongoing neural activity. Theoretical frameworks as well as definitions of habitual behaviors emerging from classic ...

Smith, Kyle S.

495

Circumstellar habitable zones for deep terrestrial biospheres  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The habitable zone (HZ) is conventionally the thin shell of space around a star within which liquid water is thermally stable on the surface of an Earth-like planet (Kasting et al., 1993). However, life on Earth is not restricted to the surface and includes a “deep biosphere” reaching several km in depth. Similarly, subsurface liquid water maintained by internal planetary heat could potentially support life well outside conventional HZs. We introduce a new term,subsurface-habitability zone (SSHZ) to denote the range of distances from a star within which rocky planets are habitable at any depth below their surfaces up to a stipulated maximum, and show how SSHZs can be estimated from a model relating temperature, depth and orbital distance. We present results for Earth-like, Mars-like and selected extrasolar terrestrial planets, and conclude that SSHZs are several times wider and include many more planets than conventional surface-based habitable zones.

McMahon, Sean; O'Malley-James, Jack; Parnell, John

2013-09-01

496

Habitable piers : an alternative for urban expansion  

E-print Network

This thesis is an investigation into an alternative way of urban expansion for a seaside community. This thesis proposes a habitable urban environment on the water by creating for an exchange between the built urban landscape ...

Lin, Chin Yuan, M. Arch. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

1990-01-01

497

Habitability of Enceladus: Planetary Conditions for Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

The prolific activity and presence of a plume on Saturn's tiny moon Enceladus offers us a unique opportunity to sample the\\u000a interior composition of an icy satellite, and to look for interesting chemistry and possible signs of life. Based on studies\\u000a of the potential habitability of Jupiter's moon Europa, icy satellite oceans can be habitable if they are chemically mixed

Christopher D. Parkinson; Mao-Chang Liang; Yuk L. Yung; Joseph L. Kirschivnk

2008-01-01

498

[Modulators of sleeping habits in childhood].  

PubMed

This literature review presents the main organic, psychological and cultural factors influencing the sleeping habits of infants. By means of a clinical-anthropological approach, the interrelation between these habits and biobehavioral and psychosocial stressing factors is described, as well as cultural practices such as shared bed, night feeding, transitional objects and use of dummies. It presents some measures that may modulate the physiology of sleep and home practices of sleeping in childhood. PMID:18041558

Geib, Lorena Teresinha Consalter

2007-01-01

499

The Galactic Habitable Zone: Galactic Chemical Evolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose the concept of a “Galactic Habitable Zone” (GHZ). Analogous to the Circumstellar Habitable Zone (CHZ), the GHZ is that region in the Milky Way where an Earth-like planet can retain liquid water on its surface and provide a long-term habitat for animal-like aerobic life. In this paper we examine the dependence of the GHZ on Galactic chemical evolution.

Guillermo Gonzalez; Donald Brownlee; Peter Ward

2001-01-01

500

Investigating habits: strategies, technologies and models  

PubMed Central

Understanding habits at a biological level requires a combination of behavioral observations and measures of ongoing neural activity. Theoretical frameworks as well as definitions of habitual behaviors emerging from classic behavioral research have been enriched by new approaches taking account of the identification of brain regions and circuits related to habitual behavior. Together, this combination of experimental and theoretical work has provided key insights into how brain circuits underlying action-learning and action-selection are organized, and how a balance between behavioral flexibility and fixity is achieved. New methods to monitor and manipulate neural activity in real time are allowing us to have a first look “under the hood” of a habit as it is formed and expressed. Here we discuss ideas emerging from such approaches. We pay special attention to the unexpected findings that have arisen from our own experiments suggesting that habitual behaviors likely require the simultaneous activity of multiple distinct components, or operators, seen as responsible for the contrasting dynamics of neural activity in both cortico-limbic and sensorimotor circuits recorded concurrently during different stages of habit learning. The neural dynamics identified thus far do not fully meet expectations derived from traditional models of the structure of habits, and the behavioral measures of habits that we have made also are not fully aligned with these models. We explore these new clues as opportunities to refine an understanding of habits. PMID:24574988

Smith, Kyle S.; Graybiel, Ann M.

2014-01-01