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1

The Leisure Reading Habits of Urban Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research indicates that there is a strong relationship between leisure reading and school achievement, but the leisure reading habits of urban adolescents have rarely been studied. From their investigation of the leisure reading habits of 584 urban minority middle school students, the authors identify these key findings: (1) More than two-thirds…

Hughes-Hassell, Sandra; Rodge, Pradnya

2007-01-01

2

Reading Habits and Attitudes of Parks, Recreation, and Leisure Services Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined recent reading practices and beliefs of parks, recreation, and leisure services professionals. For many years, faculty members have engaged in informal discussions at professional meetings and in journals about the need to bridge the gap between academicians and practitioners in terms of moving research findings into practice.…

Choi, Hong Suk; Liang, Yating; Jordan, Deb

2011-01-01

3

Teachers' Leisure Reading Habits and Knowledge of Children's Books: Do They Relate to the Teaching Practices of Elementary School Teachers?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several authors have suggested that a teacher's ability to encourage a disposition to read may be linked to their personal reading habits and views of literacy. This study examined the relationship between elementary school teachers' reading habits, knowledge of children's literature, and their use of literacy best practices in the classroom. One…

Burgess, Stephen R.; Sargent, Stephan; Smith, Melinda; Hill, Nancy; Morrison, Susan

2011-01-01

4

Leisure Reading for Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography was developed for use by librarians, curriculum specialists, learning center directors, and teachers to help them find interesting non-instructional materials for adults with limited reading ability (including young adults). Following a brief introductory discussion on simplified literature, the nearly 450 abstracts of fiction…

Jacques, Joseph W., Comp; Schwartz, Beverly, Comp.

5

Leisure Today: Selected Readings. Volume III.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The articles in this compilation from issues of "Leisure Today"--a membership service which appears as an insert in the "Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance"-- address the trends, realities, and futures in the development of recreational and leisure programs. Readings have been selected on: (1) population dynamics and leisure; (2)…

Mendell, Ron, Ed.

6

Encouraging the Lifetime Reading Habit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators must accept the challenge of encouraging the lifetime reading habit in school. Students who are surrounded with books, newspapers, magazines, and other materials will be tempted to browse and to read from these sources. When selecting materials for the classroom, educators should work closely with the library media specialist who is…

Sanacore, Joseph

7

The Online Reading Habits of Malaysian Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to ascertain the differences in online reading habits between genders and investigate the relationship between socio-economic status and online reading habits. Using a questionnaire, a quantitative approach was administered to 240 Form-Four students from four secondary schools in Penang Island, Malaysia. Findings…

Abidin, Mohammad Jafre Bin Zainol; Pourmohammadi, Majid; Varasingam, Nalini A/P; Lean, Ooi Choon

2014-01-01

8

Correlation between BMI, leisure habits and motor abilities in childhood (CHILT-Project)  

Microsoft Academic Search

INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of childhood obesity is increasing with its negative medical and psychosocial consequences. This paper examines the association between body mass index (BMI), motor abilities and leisure habits of 668 children within the CHILT (Children's Health InterventionaL Trial) project.APPROACH: A total of 668 children (51.0% boys; 49.0% girls) and their parents were questioned on sport and leisure behaviour

C Graf; B Koch; E Kretschmann-Kandel; G Falkowski; H Christ; S Coburger; W Lehmacher; B Bjarnason-Wehrens; P Platen; W Tokarski; H G Predel; S Dordel; med. C Graf

2004-01-01

9

Who's Reading and Why: Reading Habits of 1st Grade through Graduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The habit of reading develops over a period of time. This study explored reading habits across a wide range of students. An open-ended survey of reading habits involved 242 participants from grades 1, 4, 6, 8, 11, undergraduate non-education majors, undergraduate elementary majors, and graduate reading majors. As data were analyzed, themes emerged…

Camp, Deanne

2007-01-01

10

Self-Contained to Departmentalized: How Reading Habits Changed  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the reading habits of four 4th grade classes before and after a changeover from self-contained to departmentalized instruction. Results indicated a slightly lower mean number of books read and far less variation among classes in the number of books read after departmentalization. (JMB)

Lamme, Linda Leonard

1976-01-01

11

Changes in Reading Habits by Low Literate Adults through Extensive Reading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study analyzes the effect of two reading interventions on reading habits by 181 low literate adults who read at the 3-5.9 grade levels. One intervention implemented extensive reading (ER group) and the other one had direct instruction (no-ER group). A Reading Pattern survey was administered at the beginning, at the end, and 6 months after the…

Rodrigo, Victoria; Greenberg, Daphne; Segal, Don

2014-01-01

12

The King of the Damned: Reading Lynching as Leisure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The racial domination that is showcased in the spectacle of lynching leads to an intersection of discourse, critique, and reflection on identity. Utilizing visual methodologies along with a critical theory focus, the documented history in photographic images and textual accounts provides a window to human leisure behavior as it is situated in a…

Mowatt, Rasul

2009-01-01

13

The Reading Habits of Developmental College Students at Different Levels of Reading Proficiency.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines differences in reading habits of developmental college students with varying levels of reading proficiency. Finds that subjects spent an unusually low amount of time on academic reading and even less time on nonacademic reading. Finds no significant differences between high- and low-proficient readers with regard to amount of time spent…

Sheorey, Ravi; Mokhtari, Kouider

1994-01-01

14

Younger Americans' Reading and Library Habits  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More than eight in ten Americans between the ages of 16 and 29 read a book in the past year, and six in ten used their local public library. At the youngest end of the spectrum, high schoolers in their late teens (ages 16-17) and college-aged young adults (ages 18-24) are especially likely to have read a book or used the library in the past 12…

Zickuhr, Kathryn; Rainie, Lee; Purcell, Kristen; Madden, Mary; Brenner, Joanna

2012-01-01

15

Predicting PACS Colt Sole Requirements From Radiologists' Reading Habits  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to define and direct our research efforts toward the development of an effective and efficient PACS display console,we have begun a series of observational studies of radiologists' reading patterns of CT images displayed on film. Preliminary findings indicate that a three-stage process occurs. In each stage specific behaviors have been identified, and some preliminary quantitative aspects have been determined. Depending on the stage when they occur, individual behaviors may serve multiple and/or different functions. We suggest that while certain functions may be necessary, certain specific behaviors might better be replaced by other behaviors. It appears that the manner in which radiologists read hardcopy is, in part, due to habit and, in part, due to limitations imposed by the image display modality. These habits may not necessarily be efficient or necessary with an electronic display. Radiologists have accepted the constraints imposed on them by film, and developed reading habits to operate within these constraints. Guided by our preliminary data, we are developing our concepts of what are the essential requirements of a PACS display.

Rogers, Diane C.; Johnston, R. Eugene; Brenton, Brad; Staab, E. V.; Thompson, Bob; Perry, J. R.

1985-09-01

16

Keys to Reading among Middle School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A recent decline in reading has become a major issue, as Americans are not reading out of necessity or as a leisure activity. In addition, a connection has been found between children's leisure reading habits and their level of academic achievement, causing even more concern. (Contains 1 table.)

Smith, Nichole; Day, Barbara

2013-01-01

17

Print Exposure, Reading Habits, and Reading Achievement among Deaf and Hearing College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored relations of print exposure, academic achievement, and reading habits among 100 deaf and 100 hearing college students. As in earlier studies, recognition tests for book titles and magazine titles were used as measures of print exposure, college entrance test scores were used as measures of academic achievement, and students…

Marschark, Marc; Sarchet, Thomastine; Convertino, Carol M.; Borgna, Georgianna; Morrison, Carolyn; Remelt, Sarah

2012-01-01

18

Psychosocial Correlates of Physical Activity and Sedentary Leisure Habits in Young Adolescents: The Teens Eating for Energy and Nutrition at School Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Low levels of physical activity (PA) and highly sedentary leisure habits (SLH) in youth may establish behavioral patterns that will predispose youth to increased chronic disease risk in adulthood. The purpose of this paper was to examine associations of demographic and psychosocial factors with self-reported PA and SLH in young adolescents.Methods. A general linear mixed model predicted self-reported PA

Kathryn H. Schmitz; Leslie A. Lytle; Glenn A. Phillips; David M. Murray; Amanda S. Birnbaum; Martha Y. Kubik

2002-01-01

19

Strategies to Overcome Negative Reading Habits of ABE Participants: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author theorizes that her students, single-parent welfare recipients, develop negative reading habits to camouflage low literacy. She describes instructional strategies that fail to help and methods she found effective. (SK)

Stanfel, Jane E.

1996-01-01

20

The Relation Between Caregivers' Multiliterate Reading Habits and Their Children's Oral Health Status  

PubMed Central

Background Caregivers’ oral health literacy (OHL) assessment results have been found to be related to their children’s oral health status. A further aspect of this relationship may be the role of caregivers’ reading habits. Objective Our goal was to describe the relationship between caregivers’ multimodal (digital and print) and multilingual (English and Chinese) reading habits, their OHL, and their child’s oral health status in Hong Kong. Methods A random sample of 301 child-caregiver dyads was recruited from kindergartens in Hong Kong. Data included sociodemographic information and caregivers’ self-reported digital print and reading habits across two languages (Chinese and English). Caregivers’ OHL levels were assessed by two locally developed and validated oral health literacy assessment tasks: Hong Kong Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Dentistry-30 (HKREALD-30) and the Hong Kong Oral Health Literacy Assessment Task for Pediatric Dentistry (HKOHLAT-P). Children’s oral health status was assessed using two measures: dental caries experience (number of decayed, missing, and filled teeth) and oral hygiene status (Visible Plaque Index). Results Bivariate variations revealed significant differences in mean OHL scores between caregivers with different reading habits (P<.01). Correlations revealed significant associations between caregivers’ practices of reading multimodal (print/digital) and multilingual (English/Chinese) texts, their literacy levels, and their children’s oral health status (P<.01). Adjusting for sociodemographics and all other reading habits in the regression analysis, the caregivers' habit of reading digital and print texts was significantly retained in the final model. Regression analysis revealed significant associations between caregivers’ reading habits (digital Chinese) and their OHL word recognition scores: OR 5.00, 95% CI 1.10-3.65, P=.027. Significant associations were also evident for their OHL comprehension scores (digital Chinese: OR 2.30, 95% CI 1.30-4.20, P=.004; print Chinese: OR 2.50, 95% CI 1.40-4.30, P=.001). However, no significant associations were found between caregivers' reading habits and child’s oral health status (P>.05). Conclusions Caregivers’ habits of reading print and digital Chinese texts are significantly associated with their OHL scores. Their reading habits, however, do not affect their children’s oral health status. PMID:25236188

2014-01-01

21

Providing a "Safety Net" for Students Lacking a Reading Habit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current educational writing and reporting suggests a need for making reading a more vital experience for the student. One of the ways being tried in the Rye Public Schools (New York) is an integrated, guided, out-of-class reading program that is keyed to the inquiry curriculum. Starting in the third grade, each inquiry unit has specially selected…

Turner, William E.

22

Reading habits for both words and numbers contribute to the SNARC effect.  

PubMed

This study compared the spatial representation of numbers in three groups of adults: Canadians, who read both English words and Arabic numbers from left to right; Palestinians, who read Arabic words and Arabic-Indic numbers from right to left; and Israelis, who read Hebrew words from right to left but Arabic numbers from left to right. Canadians associated small numbers with left and large numbers with right space (the SNARC effect), Palestinians showed the reverse association, and Israelis had no reliable spatial association for numbers. These results suggest that reading habits for both words and numbers contribute to the spatial representation of numbers. PMID:19293102

Shaki, Samuel; Fischer, Martin H; Petrusic, William M

2009-04-01

23

Racial Harmony & Heroes: A Content Analysis of the Pearson Reading Program "Good Habits, Great Readers"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multicultural education is a term with a variety of definitions growing from a number of different disciplines. These authors conducted a content analysis of the Pearson reading program "Good Habits, Great Readers" for grades four and five. The qualitative approach of content analysis allowed researchers to examine text "through the…

Tosolt, Brandelyn; Love, Bettina L.

2011-01-01

24

The Reading Habits and Literacy Attitudes of Inservice and Prospective Teachers: Results of a Questionnaire Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a questionnaire survey of 747 students enrolled in a graduate school of education, who are currently teachers or prospective teachers. The Literacy Habits Questionnaire, developed by Applegate and Applegate, was administered in September 2006. Findings suggest a high prevalence of aliteracy, the ability to read but a…

Nathanson, Steven; Pruslow, John; Levitt, Roberta

2008-01-01

25

No horizontal numerical mapping in a culture with mixed-reading habits  

PubMed Central

Reading habits are thought to play an important role in the emergence of cultural differences in visuo-spatial and numerical tasks. Left-to-right readers show a slight visuo-spatial bias to the left side of space, and automatically associate small numbers to the left and larger numbers to the right side of space, respectively. A paradigm that demonstrated an automatic spatial-numerical association involved the generation of random numbers while participants performed lateral head turns. That is, Westerners have been shown to produce more small numbers when the head was turned to the left compared to the right side. We here employed the head turning/random number generation (RNG) paradigm and a line bisection (LB) task with a group of 34 Iranians in their home country. In the participants’ native language (Farsi) text is read from right-to-left, but numbers are read from left-to-right. If the reading direction for text determines the layout of spatial-numerical mappings we expected to find more small numbers after right than left head turns. Yet, the generation of small or large numbers was not modulated by lateral head turns and the Iranians showed therefore no association of numbers with space. There was, however, a significant rightward shift in the LB task. Thus, while the current results are congruent with the idea that text reading habits play an important role in the cultural differences observed in visuo-spatial tasks, our data also imply that these habits on their own are not strong enough to induce significant horizontal spatial-numerical associations. In agreement with previous suggestions, we assume that for the emergence of horizontal numerical mappings a congruency between reading habits for words and numbers is required. PMID:24605093

Rashidi-Ranjbar, Neda; Goudarzvand, Mahdi; Jahangiri, Sorour; Brugger, Peter; Loetscher, Tobias

2014-01-01

26

Teenage Boys' Leisure Reading Dispositions: Juggling Male Youth Culture and Family Cultural Capital.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviews with three teenage boys and their parents in a middle-class community explored why the boys self-identify as reluctant readers, resisting approved forms of literacy. They pursue types of reading that contribute to their construction of masculine identities; their parents' attempts to influence reading are conditioned by traditional…

Love, Kristina; Hamston, Julie

2003-01-01

27

BRIEF REPORT: Multiprogram Evaluation of Reading Habits of Primary Care Internal Medicine Residents on Ambulatory Rotations  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE To assess the reading habits and educational resources of primary care internal medicine residents for their ambulatory medicine education. DESIGN Cross-sectional, multiprogram survey of primary care internal medicine residents. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING Second- and third-year residents on ambulatory care rotations at 9 primary care medicine programs (124 eligible residents; 71% response rate). MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS Participants were asked open-ended and 5-point Likert-scaled questions about reading habits: time spent reading, preferred resources, and motivating and inhibiting factors. Participants reported reading medical topics for a mean of 4.3 ± 3.0 SD hours weekly. Online-only sources were the most frequently utilized medical resource (mean Likert response 4.16 ± 0.87). Respondents most commonly cited specific patients' cases (4.38 ± 0.65) and preparation for talks (4.08 ± 0.89) as motivating factors, and family responsibilities (3.99 ± 0.65) and lack of motivation (3.93 ± 0.81) as inhibiting factors. CONCLUSIONS To stimulate residents' reading, residency programs should encourage patient- and case-based learning; require teaching assignments; and provide easy access to online curricula. PMID:16704393

Lai, Cindy J; Aagaard, Eva; Brandenburg, Suzanne; Nadkarni, Mohan; Wei, Henry G; Baron, Robert

2006-01-01

28

The Professional Reading Habits of Senior Housing Officers at ACUHO-I Member Institutions in the Great Lakes Region  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the professional reading habits of Senior Housing Officers (SHOs) at ACUHO-I member institutions in the Great Lakes region, which encompasses the states of Ohio, Michigan, Illinois, and Indiana. The findings were based on data from the survey responses of SHOs at 71 colleges and universities across the Great Lakes region of the…

O'Dell, Kyle

2009-01-01

29

The Influence of Reading and Writing Habits Associated with Education on the Neuropsychological Performance of Brazilian Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated the influence of the frequency of reading and writing habits (RWH) associated with education on the performance of adults in brief neuropsychological tasks. A sample of 489 Brazilian subjects, composed of 71% women, aged 21-80 years, with 2-23 years of formal education, was evaluated by the Brazilian Brief Neuropsychological…

Pawlowski, Josiane; Remor, Eduardo; de Mattos Pimenta Parente, Maria Alice; de Salles, Jerusa Fumagalli; Fonseca, Rochele Paz; Bandeira, Denise Ruschel

2012-01-01

30

Leisure, Contemplation and Leisure Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

I argue in defense of Aristotle's position that contemplation ("theoria") is the proper use of at least some of one's leisure and that, consequently, leisure education must consist in teaching the inclination and capacity for contemplation. However, my position is somewhat more flexible than Aristotle's, in that I allow that there are other…

Morgan, Jeffrey

2006-01-01

31

The Non-Fiction Reading Habits of Young Successful Boy Readers: Forming Connections between Masculinity and Reading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The reading experiences of six young successful boy readers were studied over a two-year period. In this article, their non-fiction reading is analysed and ways in which the boys make positive connections between masculinity and reading are identified. The boys' non-fiction reading centres on typical boy interest areas and hobbies (for example,…

Smith, Susannah

2004-01-01

32

The Impact of Internet and Television Use on the Reading Habits and Practices of College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How much time do college students spend reading for recreational and academic purposes? Do Internet and television use displace or interfere with reading time? In this study, we used an innovative time-diary survey method to explore whether the time students spend on the Internet or watching television displaces time that would be spent reading

Mokhtari, Kouider; Reichard, Carla A.; Gardner, Anne

2009-01-01

33

Children's and Young People's Reading Habits and Preferences: The Who, What, Why, Where and When  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report, based on a recent survey of over 8,000 primary and secondary pupils in England, explores why some pupils choose to read and others do not. The research literature shows that reading for pleasure benefits children in numerous ways. Yet, research also shows that young people's reading enjoyment may be declining. Given current political…

Clark, Christina; Foster, Amelia

2005-01-01

34

Summer Reading  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Summer, a great time for leisure reading, a great time to try something different! Dick Pagni, Cheryl Frech, Brian Coppola, Jeffrey Kovac, and Hal Harris provide plenty of suggestions to keep you reading!

Pagni, Dick; Frech, Cheryl; Coppola, Brian; Kovac, Jeffrey; Harris, Hal

2007-06-01

35

Reading Habits of University ESL Students at Different Levels of English Proficiency and Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the degree to which the levels of English proficiency (high vs. low) and education (graduate vs. undergraduate) of English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) students were associated with differences in their reading behaviors. Finds that the subjects' level of education and English proficiency were associated with their reading behavior…

Mokhtari, Kouider; Sheorey, Ravi

1994-01-01

36

Adolescent Leisure across European Nations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined variations in adolescent time use within Europe and their relation to culture, focusing on organization of free time, most frequent leisure activities, and resulting emotional states. Found that European adolescents spent free time in a range of activities, including electronic media, computer games, playing musical instruments, reading,…

Flammer, August; Schaffner, Brigitta

2003-01-01

37

Cognitive and Affective Contributions of the Literature Circles Method on the Acquisition of Reading Habits and Comprehension Skills in Primary Level Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to examine the effect of literature circles on fourth grade primary students' reading habits and comprehension skills and collected the opinions of students and teachers about the method. In this study, quantitative (pre-test and post-test designs) and qualitative (case study) methods were employed together. The study was…

Avci, Suleyman; Yuksel, Arzu

2011-01-01

38

The New York Times Report on Teenage Reading Tastes and Habits.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to learn whether teenagers are reading books and, if so, which books they choose, "The New York Times" conducted a fact-finding project. Questionnaires were mailed to the school librarians and English chairmen of 7000 secondary and intermediate schools. The wide variety of answers to observable trends necessitated the analysis of a random…

Freiberger, Rema

39

The Peter Effect Revisited: Reading Habits and Attitudes of College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Certainly a primary goal of literacy education is the creation of avid, enthusiastic, and highly motivated readers. However, in this article revisiting the Peter Effect (Applegate & Applegate, 2004), researchers surveyed more than 1,000 college sophomores and found strikingly low levels of enthusiasm for reading. Only 46.6% of surveyed…

Applegate, Anthony J.; Applegate, Mary DeKonty; Mercantini, Martha A.; McGeehan, Catherine M.; Cobb, Jeanne B.; DeBoy, Joanne R.; Modla, Virginia B.; Lewinski, Kimberly E.

2014-01-01

40

Leisure Activities of University College Staff  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Study aim: To determine the participation of academic teachers in leisure activities for that group contribute to shaping habits of a large percentage of young people. Material and methods: A group of 52 staff members (about 30%) of a private university college, aged 25-70 years, were interviewed with respect to their participation in sports,…

Biernat, Elzbieta; Roguski, Karol

2009-01-01

41

Summer Reading  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Summer, a great time for leisure reading, a great time to try something different! Cheryl Baldwin Frech joins regulars Dick Pagni, Brian Coppola, Hal Harris, and Jeff Kovac in providing plenty of suggestions to tempt you.

Pagni, Richard M.; Baldwin Frech, Cheryl; Coppola, Brian P.; Harris, Harold H.; Kovac, Jeffrey

2005-06-01

42

Leisure and Cultural Complexity  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the early 1980s, the first author (Chick) was the University of Illinois representative to the Human Relations Area Files (HRAF), Inc. At an HRAF meeting in New Haven, Mel Ember recommended the examination of leisure, or aspects of leisure, against a backdrop of cultural complexity because “it correlates with everything.” For its part, leisure has been understudied in time

Garry Chick; Xiangyou Sharon Shen

2011-01-01

43

Reading Research in Hungary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that most recent reading research conducted in Hungary has focused on the formation of readers' attitudes and value judgments. Discusses studies conducted in the areas of reading psychology, children's reading, reading habits, reading motivation, and readers' responses. (FL)

Kamaras, Istvan; Nagy, Attila

1981-01-01

44

Serious Leisure and Recreation Specialization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most previous research concerning serious leisure has focused on testing the nature of activities using six distinctive qualities proposed by Robert Stebbins. Viewed from a different perspective, our study treats serious leisure as a type of personal characteristic. We tested the causal relationships between serious leisure and recreation specialization. This paper describes how serious leisure has a positive relationship with

Sheng-Hshiung Tsaur; Ying-Wen Liang

2008-01-01

45

Relationships among Adolescents' Leisure Motivation, Leisure Involvement, and Leisure Satisfaction: A Structural Equation Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to test a cause-and-effect model of factors affecting leisure satisfaction among Taiwanese adolescents. A structural equation model was proposed in which the relationships among leisure motivation, leisure involvement, and leisure satisfaction were explored. The study collected data from 701 adolescent…

Chen, Ying-Chieh; Li, Ren-Hau; Chen, Sheng-Hwang

2013-01-01

46

Reading  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reviews 7 studies on language development and reading efficiency (1914-1916). Most of the work in the area dealt with the measurement of reading efficiency. A number of tests have been devised for the purpose. A pedagogical book on reading presents a simple and clear exposition of its psychology. No correlations were observed between the ability to decipher and recognize illegible

E. H. Cameron

1916-01-01

47

Leisure Today--Family Cohesion Through Leisure and Recreation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Family relationships can be strengthened through recreation and leisure activities. Articles dealing with leisure research, values, computers, recreation in rural areas, and youth sports are offered for those interested in facilitating the development of strong families. (DF)

Smith, S. Harold, Ed.; And Others

1984-01-01

48

Leisure and Ethics: Reflections on the Philosophy of Leisure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication seeks to capture the character and content of thought with respect to the long-standing discussion in academic settings of leisure and philosophy. The book is organized into three sections. The first, "Reflections on the Philosophy of Leisure," includes the following papers: "Introduction: Leisure and the Perfection of…

Fain, Gerald S., Ed.

49

Leisure and culture: Issues for an anthropology of leisure  

Microsoft Academic Search

The coverage of and interest in non?Western and cross?cultural aspects of leisure seems to be on the increase in leisure studies. Although this is a welcome trend in the current climate of multiculturalism, there is currently no systematic agenda for the anthropological study of leisure. I suggest that four issues should be addressed to serve as a foundation for an

Garry Chick

1998-01-01

50

Contextual Constraints on Adolescents' Leisure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interlinks crucial cultural themes emerging from preceding chapters, highlighting the contextual constraints in adolescents' use of free time. Draws parallels across the nations discussed on issues related to how school molds leisure time, the balance of passive versus active leisure, timing of leisure pursuits, and the cumulative effect of…

Silbereisen, Rainer K.

2003-01-01

51

Ageing, Leisure, and Social Connectedness: How could Leisure Help Reduce Social Isolation of Older People?  

PubMed

This study investigates the relation between leisure activities and the social status of the elderly based on a heterogeneous sample of the Dutch population. Close relationships are also analyzed to identify which people could serve as successful stimulators of leisure participation. The social profile confirms that older people have fewer social contacts and often feel lonely. This study shows that leisure activities explain a significant part of older people's social connectedness. Voluntary work, cultural activities, holiday, sports, reading books, hobbies and shopping are found to be successful predictors for social connectedness of older people. Watching TV, listening to the radio, and spending time behind the computer (passive activities) were not associated with social connectedness. Friends correlate positively to participation in leisure activities. Partners play a role in participation in cultural activities and sports; parents play a role in participation in voluntary work and holidays; siblings play a role in voluntary work and sports; and children play a role in cultural activities, reading books, and shopping. Local communities can use these close relationships and develop special programs to increase social connectedness and hence improve quality of life for older adults. PMID:23874058

Toepoel, Vera

2013-08-01

52

The Psychology of Reading Behavior; Eighteenth Yearbook of the National Reading Conference.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on the psychology of reading behavior, the 36 articles in this volume were drawn from the eighteenth annual meeting of the National Reading Conference held in 1968. Among the topics discussed in the articles are the following: eye movement, the psychology of reading behavior, reading improvement, reading tests, reading research, leisure

Schick, George B., Ed.; May, Merrill M., Ed.

53

Literacy Attitudes, Habits and Achievements of Future Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pre-service teachers' reading habits and their literacy abilities affect their views toward teaching reading and writing and how they implement literacy instruction. This study explored the relationship between the past and current reading habits of pre-service teachers in relation to their reading and writing abilities. Participating teacher…

Benevides, Tina; Stagg Peterson, Shelley

2010-01-01

54

Leisure Today. Issues in Correctional Recreation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This series on correctional recreation includes articles on: leisure therapy; treatment teams; rehabilitation; legislation; vocational implications of leisure; and women's correctional recreation services. (CJ)

McCall, Gail E., Ed.; And Others

1981-01-01

55

Leisure Activities for Dementia Patients.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research has shown that being a caregiver is often very stressful, particularly for individuals acting as caregivers for a demented elder. Caregivers might gain needed time to relax if there were leisure time activities available for demented individuals. A study was undertaken which involved development of the leisure activities; selection and…

Lovett, Steven B.; Rappaport, Meryl B.

56

Listening for a Leisure Remix  

Microsoft Academic Search

The traditional historical meta-narratives around leisure have focused on one Greek concept, ?XO?H, translated as schole and connected to the Latin (licentia) and English words. Direct lines were drawn from an interpretation of this Greek word in particular contexts to the current privileged leisure ideal first in Europe and the United Kingdom and then in North America. The complex history

Karen M. Fox; Elizabeth Klaiber

2006-01-01

57

Pioneers in Leisure and Recreation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book consists of brief biographies of people who have contributed to the field of leisure and recreation. The 26 pioneers chronicled span over two thousand years and cross many cultures. Some are theorists, others are practitioners, but all of them left their imprint on the leisure and recreation field. Arranged sequentially by dates, the…

Ibrahim, Hilmi; And Others

58

Hospitality and Leisure\\/Recreation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tourism is playing an increasingly important role in our society. The fields of hospitality and leisure\\/recreation management are closely allied fields in serving the tourism industry, but have come from separate traditions. This paper examines how their relationship is evolving. Looking to the future, it is inevitable that the traditional dividing lines between the hospitality and the leisure\\/recreation fields will

J. S. Perry Hobson; Joseph D. Teaff

1994-01-01

59

Leisure Patterns and Needs of the Elderly in Rural Galicia (Spain)  

Microsoft Academic Search

A large percentage of the Galician population is aged and lives in rural environments—parishes, hamlets, and villages. This study employed semistructured interviews and focus groups to obtain a qualitative assessment both of (a) the opinions of the elderly living in rural areas regarding their leisure and recreational habits and the provision facilities in their area; and (b) the views of

María Dapia Conde

2012-01-01

60

Leisure Patterns and Needs of the Elderly in Rural Galicia (Spain)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A large percentage of the Galician population is aged and lives in rural environments--parishes, hamlets, and villages. This study employed semistructured interviews and focus groups to obtain a qualitative assessment both of (a) the opinions of the elderly living in rural areas regarding their leisure and recreational habits and the provision…

Conde, Maria Dapia

2012-01-01

61

Habitable Trinity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We propose a new concept of a habitable environment in the search for life beyond Earth that goes beyond the follow-the-water paradigm, newly named Habitable Trinity. Habitable Trinity is the coexistence of an atmosphere (consisting largely of C and N), an ocean (H and O), and a landmass (supplier of nutrients). It is the minimum requirement for the beginning of life to satisfy (1) formation of membrane, (2) metabolism, and (3) self-replication as we know it. A habitable planet, which has largely been defined as having an adequate climate, a sufficient atmosphere, and the presence of liquid water on its surface, is insufficient to meet the requirements to bear life. Also, material circulation driven by the Sun must be maintained with Habitable Trinity to continue the supply of elements necessary to sustain organic radical reactions that is the basis of life. The Sun is the major engine that links the three components primarily through hydrological cycling, including weathering, erosion, and transport of nutrient-enriched landmass materials to the ocean via far-reaching river systems. Habitable Trinity can be applied to other planets and moons to discuss the presence of extraterrestrial life. Mars is considered to be the best target to test the hypothesis of whether life exists elsewhere in our solar system, as it records an ancient Habitable Trinity (i.e., lakes and oceans which interacted with a landmass (cratered southern highlands) and an atmosphere). Other terrestrial planets, as well as satellites of the gaseous giants such as Europa and Titan, have little chance to harbor life as we know it because they lack Habitable Trinity. Going beyond 'the-follow-the-water-approach', the Habitable-Trinity concept provides an index in the quest for life-containing planetary bodies beyond our solar system as the reconnaissance systems become increasingly autonomous and at higher resolution, affording greater perspective during this golden age of international and interdisciplinary exploration and discovery.

Dohm, J. M.; Maruyama, S.

2013-12-01

62

Public Libraries and Literacy: Young People's Reading Habits and Attitudes to Public Libraries, and an Exploration of the Relationship between Public Library Use and School Attainment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents additional information from the 2009 survey of young people's reading and writing. The authors conducted an online survey of 17,089 pupils aged 8 to 16 from 112 schools, conducted in November-December 2009, which consisted of 32 questions exploring young people's background, reading and writing behaviour, perceived ability and…

Clark, Christina; Hawkins, Lucy

2011-01-01

63

The Reading Venture: Accelerating Language Acquisition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This presentation describes how to use reading to improve second language acquisition. Part 1, "Building Awareness of Reading Habits and Attitudes," has students report their habits and attitudes about reading in English and their native language and recognize the importance of reading for improving English skills. Part 2, "Choosing a Book," has…

Sifontes, Aida I.; Baez, Dodie

64

Goals for American Recreation. Leisure Today.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The American Association for Leisure and Recreation updated its Goals for American Recreation. A series of eight articles discusses these goals and goals for those who provide recreation, park, and leisure services in light of new social needs. (MT)

Dunn, Diana R.; And Others

1986-01-01

65

A Social Science Bibliography of Leisure and Recreation Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography provides an accessible source to social science research in leisure, recreation, and sports. Topical areas covered include: (1) bibliographic sources on leisure and recreation; (2) philosophical issues in leisure; (3) theories of leisure and recreation; (4) methods in leisure and recreation research; (5) evaluation of leisure and…

Burdge, Rabel J.; And Others

66

Leisure Role of Public Libraries: User Views  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the second of two articles examining the leisure role of public libraries. The first article examined the leisure role of public libraries in the UK from a historical perspective. This examines the value of the public library service in providing leisure opportunities from a user point of view. The results demonstrate that public libraries…

Hayes, Emma; Morris, Anne

2005-01-01

67

Typology of Leisure of Rural People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Utilizing data from a 1972 sociological survey of rural inhabitants working in the public economy of the province of Novosibirsk, this study examined leisure as an element of the residents' life style. Rural residents with common leisure behaviors were identified through the classification of the behavior's function and quality. Leisure functions…

Tapilina, Vera Sergeevna

68

The Theory of the Leisure Class  

Microsoft Academic Search

'Conspicuous consumption of valuable goods is a means of reputability to the gentleman of leisure.' In The Theory of the Leisure Class Thorstein Veblen sets out 'to discuss the place and value of the leisure class as an economic factor in modern life'. In so doing he produced a landmark study of affluent American society that exposes, with brilliant ruthlessness,

Thornstein Veblen

1967-01-01

69

Books for Summer Reading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recommends leisurely reading for teachers: biographies on St. Augustine and Charles Lindbergh; novels by Edwidge Danticat, Kate Chopin, and Velma Allis; Edward Tufte's three volumes on the visual presentation of information; Jean Vanier's "Becoming Human;" the Harry Potter series, and Michael Tolkin's novel "The Player." (MLH)

Phi Delta Kappan, 2000

2000-01-01

70

Energy Crisis: The Leisurely Solution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because of their automotive lifestyles, Americans account for the greatest portion of fossil fuel consumption in the world. The desirable leisure lifestyle traits of the past should be incorporated into contemporary American culture. Americans need to wean themselves away from the automobile if the energy crisis is to be solved. (JN)

Mobily, Ken

1980-01-01

71

Adolescents'"Meaning" of Leisure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the attitudes of high school students toward various leisure activities. The study population consisted of 85 students attending a large, desegregated midwestern high school. Study participants were asked to rate each of 18 activities with respect to the following four sets of adjectives on a four-point scale: good/bad,…

Callaway, Rolland

72

Leisure Studies: Discipline or Profession.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Certain basic characteristics of a discipline are a particular focus of attention, a unique body of knowledge, and a specific mode of inquiry. Although the field of leisure studies fails to measure up to the standards of a discipline, an interdisciplinary approach can be used to promote integration of knowledge, freedom of inquiry, and…

Butler, K. Nelson

73

Studenters fritids--och motionsvanor i Umea och Madison. Ett bidrag till forstaelsen av Pierre Bourdieus vetenskapliga metodologi. Akademiska avhanlingar, Pedagogiska institutionen Nr. 58 (Leisure and Exercise Habits among Students in Umea and Madison. A Contribution to the Understanding of Pierre Bourdieu's Scientific Methodology. Academic Dissertation, Faculty of Social Sciences No. 58).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study, presented in Swedish with an English summary, analyzed differences between student groups at Umea University, Sweden, and the University of Wisconsin-Madison in terms of study situations, experiences of the university environment, exercise and sports activities, and the connections between study and leisure time activities. The study…

Lofgren, Kent

74

Bringing Identity Theory into Leisure  

E-print Network

dimensions (i.e., attraction, centrality, and self expression) have consistently been shown to be reliable and salient within leisure contexts (Dimanche, Havitz & Howard, 1991; Havitz & Dimanche, 1997; McIntyre & Pigram, 1992; Wiley, Shaw & Havitz, 2000...-verification is accomplished by altering the current situation or by seeking and creating new situations in which perceived self-relevant meanings match 17 those of the identity standard (Stryker & Burke, 2000). For instance, Leary et al.?s (1986) work illustrated...

Jun, Jinhee

2010-01-14

75

Exoplanet habitability.  

PubMed

The search for exoplanets includes the promise to eventually find and identify habitable worlds. The thousands of known exoplanets and planet candidates are extremely diverse in terms of their masses or sizes, orbits, and host star type. The diversity extends to new kinds of planets, which are very common yet have no solar system counterparts. Even with the requirement that a planet's surface temperature must be compatible with liquid water (because all life on Earth requires liquid water), a new emerging view is that planets very different from Earth may have the right conditions for life. The broadened possibilities will increase the future chances of discovering an inhabited world. PMID:23641111

Seager, Sara

2013-05-01

76

Segmenting Leisure Travelers by Risk Reduction Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is an initial attempt in using risk reduction strategies as the basis for segmenting leisure travelers. Results of the study generated insights into the nature of consumer markets and created three segments of travelers who adopted risk reduction strategies in different ways. The three leisure travelers' segments include: socially reliant risk reducers, self-initiated risk reducers, and unconcerned about

Ada S. Lo; Rob Law; Catherine Cheung

2011-01-01

77

Serious Play. A Leisure Wellness Guidebook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book helps people find a way to balance their work and leisure values. Filled with inventories, worksheets, reflective riddles, journal assignments, and guides for community explorations, this workbook offers a method for rejuvenating the lost art of play and finding a better balance between work and leisure roles. Chapters 1 and 2 help…

Kimeldorf, Martin

78

Family Caregivers and Leisure: An Oxymoron?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes recent research findings which verify that the loss of leisure for caregivers relates to stress and health problems, discussing what parks and recreation professionals can do to help family caregivers lead balanced lives and examining psychological and physical effects of caregiving, caregivers' lack of leisure, the relationship between…

Bedini, Leandra A.

2002-01-01

79

Gambling and leisure: the case of racing  

Microsoft Academic Search

While betting on races of one kind or another has been extensively discussed by theorists who are interested in aspects of compulsive gambling and social policy, little attention has been paid to leisure perspectives in the study of betting populations. The present paper addresses the enjoyable and commonplace pastime of gambling as a leisurely pursuit, and focuses on the off-track

D. M. Saunders; D. E. Turner

1987-01-01

80

Leisure and Aging: An International Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains an international collection of national position papers on leisure and aging. The following papers are included in the first section: "'Active' and 'Passive' Constructs of Elderly" (Max Kaplan); "Recreation and the Aged: A Review" (Helen J. Threlfall); "The Elderly in Bolivia"; "The Elderly and Leisure in Brazilian Society";…

Kaplan, Max, Ed.

81

Leisure and Tourism in the Changing China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recognizing the need of more research on the meanings of leisure and tourism in diverse social and cultural contexts, this paper aims to situate the concepts of leisure and tourism in the specific social, cultural, and historical conditions of mainland China. Drawing insights from existing literature, the paper first discusses the impacts of two indigenous philosophies, Confucianism and Taoism, on

Monica Z. Li

2009-01-01

82

Rekindle the Love of Reading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This author describes a reading project using Kindles that was designed to increase the reading habits of 9th graders. With a selection of 500 titles for classroom usage, students were encouraged to read any book they chose--in addition to those required for their school term. Isero states that, in the past, many of his students would not risk…

Isero, Mark

2014-01-01

83

Reading Rainbow Study. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to determine the reading habits and attitudes of parents and their children and to determine parents' familiarity with Reading Rainbow (a television program intended to stimulate young children's interest in reading for pleasure) and their attitudes toward the program. A total of 707 questionnaires were completed by parents…

NFO Research, Inc.

84

LEISURE ACTIVITY PATTERNS AND THEIR ASSOCIATIONS WITH OVERWEIGHT: A PROSPECTIVE STUDY AMONG ADOLESCENTS  

PubMed Central

We examined longitudinal associations between individual leisure activities (television viewing, video viewing, computer games, listening to music, board games, musical instrument playing, reading, arts, crafts, socializing, clubs or scouts, sports, outdoor activities) and being overweight using logistic regression and latent class analysis in a cohort of Finnish twins responding to self-report questionnaires at 11–12 (N=5184), 14, and 17 years. We also studied activity patterns (“Active and sociable”, “Active but less sociable”, “Passive but sociable”, “Passive and solitary”) thought to represent different lifestyles. Among boys, activity patterns did not predict becoming overweight, but sports and playing an instrument reduced the risk and arts and listening to music increased it. Among girls, few individual leisure activities predicted becoming overweight. However, girls in the “Passive and solitary” cluster carried the greatest risk of becoming overweight in late adolescence. Studying leisure activities related to overweight may help focus specific interventions on high risk groups. PMID:19345989

Lajunen, Hanna-Reetta; Keski-Rahkonen, Anna; Pulkkinen, Lea; Rose, Richard J.; Rissanen, Aila; Kaprio, Jaakko

2009-01-01

85

Reading Alone Together: Enhancing Extensive Reading via Student-Student Cooperation in Second Language Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Extensive reading (ER) programs involve students in silently reading large quantities of material. Research suggests that extensive reading is associated with gains in first and second language proficiency. Further, extensive reading can help learners develop a reading habit and increase their level of autonomy. This paper begins with a discussion…

Jacobs, George M.

86

Adolescent Leisure Dimensions, Psychosocial Adjustment, and Gender Effects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Leisure provides the context for much of adolescent behaviour and development. While both theory and research point to the benefits of participation in leisure activities that are highly structured, the association between structured leisure and psychosocial adjustment is not uniformly high. This paper presents a model of adolescent leisure

Bradley, Graham L.; Inglis, Brad C.

2012-01-01

87

Sport and Leisure as Contexts for Fathering in Australian Families  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationships that fathers have with their family in leisure contexts are reflected in their leisure and sport repertoires and identities. Family?based leisure relationships are one significant mode through which they express connectedness with their children. This article builds on feminist studies of gendered leisure relations in families, and rejects approaches that conflate mothers’ and fathers’ experiences and meanings of

Maureen Harrington

2006-01-01

88

New cultural geographies: the spatiality of leisure, gender and sexuality  

Microsoft Academic Search

The contribution of geography to leisure research is well established. The relationships between spatiality, gender and sexuality are, however, less clearly articulated within previous leisure geographies. Whilst the concepts of spatialized feminism and gendered space have been well documented in geography, this is less true in relation to leisure studies. Only recently have leisure and tourism scholars begun to acknowledge

Cara Aitchison

1999-01-01

89

Aristotelian view of leisure: an outdoor recreation perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years interpretations of the classical view of leisure have furnished additional insight for developing an effective modern philosophy of leisure. In many instances, however, Aristotelian conceptions of leisure are poorly understood or misinterpreted, and clearly not utilized in the philosophies of most leisure service delivery organizations. This paper attempts to reveal the potential for practical application of the

Steven Simpson; Carlton Yoshioka

1992-01-01

90

Leisure Activities and the Risk of Dementia in the Elderly  

Microsoft Academic Search

background Participation in leisure activities has been associated with a lower risk of dementia. It is unclear whether increased participation in leisure activities lowers the risk of dementia or participation in leisure activities declines during the preclinical phase of dementia. methods We examined the relation between leisure activities and the risk of dementia in a pro- spective cohort of 469

Joe Verghese; Richard B. Lipton; Mindy J. Katz; Charles B. Hall; Carol A. Derby; Gail Kuslansky; Anne F. Ambrose; Martin Sliwinski; Herman Buschke

2003-01-01

91

Retirees' Perceptions of Work and Leisure Meanings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that work attitudes and the meaning of work are so ingrained in American culture that they carry over to nonwork activities. Proposes that personality influences the relationship between work-leisure meanings. Urges further research on sociological variables. (JAC)

Weiner, Andrew I.; Hunt, Sharon L.

1981-01-01

92

What Turns Children "On" or "Off" in Reading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More than 200 college students were surveyed to determine what factors affected their reading habits when they were younger. School-related factors that encouraged reading included paperback book clubs and teachers who made reading enjoyable. Factors that discouraged reading included oral reading and uninteresting reading materials. (FL)

Callaway, Byron

1981-01-01

93

Leisure motivation revisited: why people recreate  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concepts of leisure and recreation have been studied at great length over the past 50 years. In this study, the authors explore whether a unified theory of leisure\\/recreation is possible and, if so, what elements are essential to answer the question of ‘why people recreate’. Utilizing a two-stage research methodology (qualitative and quantitative), the authors discovered four core values\\/motivations

John E. Dillard; Donald L. Bates

2011-01-01

94

Activating & Engaging Habits of Mind. A Developmental Series, Book 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is the second in a four-book series on habits of mind. It translates a habits of mind approach to education into action using classroom-tested advice. Contributions come from practitioners in literature, math, music, foreign language, reading, character education, and social science. After "Series Foreword: Thinking on the Road of Life"…

Costa, Arthur L., Ed.; Kallick, Bena, Ed.

95

Study HabitsStudy Habits Homework strategies  

E-print Network

Study HabitsStudy Habits Homework strategies #12;Course structureCourse structure · In here you have homeworks that tend to relyIn here you have homeworks that tend to rely on handwritten work · You thoughts · Treat your homeworks & projects as you ld l twould lecture ­ They are part of the course

Wolverton, Steve

96

Quality of Life and Leisure Activities: How Do Leisure Activities Contribute to Subjective Well-Being?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The quality of life is determined with objective factors and also with subjective perception of factors which influence human life. Leisure activities play a very important role in subjective well-being because they provide opportunities to meet life values and needs. Through participation in leisure activities people build social relationships,…

Brajsa-Zganec, Andreja; Merkas, Marina; Sverko, Iva

2011-01-01

97

Study of the Attitudes of Teachers and School Administrators Toward Leisure and Leisure Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focuses on leisure as a social issue and the school's responsibility toward leisure education. One hundred twenty-six teachers and school administrators attending graduate classes at the Department of Curriculum and Instruction, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee from 1983 to 1985 were administered two instruments. The survey sample…

Callaway, Rolland; Baruch, Steven

98

Leisure, culture and the historian: reviewing the first generation of leisure historiography in Britain  

Microsoft Academic Search

A comprehensive and critical review of 15 years or more of scholarly production in the social history of leisure in Britain, c. 1700 to the present, under three headings: the broad chronology or developmental schema suggested by historians, their various and disputed interpretations of the major forces and relationships in modern leisure formation, and an overall assessment of the field

Peter Bailey

1989-01-01

99

What Makes a World Habitable?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson about characteristics necessary for life. Learners will identify the top candidates for life in the solar system by examining Habitability Cards, which discuss each planet and the six large moons in terms of water temperature, atmosphere, energy, and nutrients. A math extension is provided on the Inverse Square Law. Includes background reading for teachers, student activity guide, reflection questions, and blackline masters. This is activity 3 of 5 in the educators guide, Astrobiology in your Classroom: Life on Earth..and Elsewhere?

100

Reading Is Your Thing (Even if You're Not a Reading Teacher)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The activities described in this article, Prediction Path and Quotation Cafe, are adapted from the IRA book "Building Reading Comprehension Habits in Grades 6-12." They highlight the reading comprehension habit of making inferences and predictions, which can be used across content areas and grade levels. In creating this toolkit of activities, the…

Zwiers, Jeff

2011-01-01

101

Relationships between sixth-graders’ reading comprehension and two different measures of print exposure  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined sixth-graders’ reading comprehension and component reading abilities in relation to two measures of print\\u000a exposure: an author recognition test (ART) involving fiction authors and a reading habits questionnaire (RHQ) about children’s\\u000a voluntary reading for enjoyment across various genres. The ART correlated only with children’s fiction book reading habits,\\u000a not with other habits such as nonfiction book or

Louise Spear-Swerling; Pamela O. Brucker; Michael P. Alfano

2010-01-01

102

Reading Fluency as an Indicator of Reading Comprehension  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship between fourth grade primary school students' reading habits/conditions/ situations and their comprehension regarding what they read. For this purpose, a correlational survey method was used in the study. 90 fourth-grade students who were attending a state primary school in the center of Ku¨tahya…

Basaran, Mustafa

2013-01-01

103

Children, Television, and Reading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author summarizes a research review conducted at William Paterson College. Information is presented on the amount of time spent watching television, types of programs preferred by different age groups, and the impact of television on reading habits and achievement. No consistent relationship between TV viewing and achievement was found. (SJL)

Feeley, Joan T.

1980-01-01

104

Leisure Participation Pattern of Residents in a New Chinese City  

Microsoft Academic Search

The leisure sector in Chinese cities has flourished in recent years. Lacking leisure studies could compromise resource supply and management. We explored urban residents’ participation in twenty-five leisure activities in Zhuhai, a newly developed city in south China. Leisure activities were classified into four groups based on consumption venue (intrahome and extrahome) and physical activities (passive and active). A face-to-face

C. Y. Jim; Wendy Y. Chen

2009-01-01

105

Creating a Love of Reading = Susciter le Gout de la Lecture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To develop good reading habits, children must be surrounded with books, stories and reading not only in the classroom but in the home and the community. Children who read and are read to outside of school do better than those who do not read and are not read to outside of school. Parents and other family members should make books and reading aloud…

O'Leary, John Daniel

106

Emotional and cognitive health correlates of leisure activities in older Latino and Caucasian women  

PubMed Central

This study examined differences in the frequency of leisure activity participation and relationships to depressive symptom burden and cognition in Latino and Caucasian women. Cross-sectional data were obtained from a demographically matched subsample of Latino and Caucasian (n = 113 each) post-menopausal women (age ?60), interviewed in 2004–06 for a multi-ethnic cohort study of successful aging in San Diego County. Frequencies of engagement in 16 leisure activities and associations between objective cognitive performance and depressive symptom burden by ethnicity were identified using bivariate and linear regression, adjusted for physical functioning and demographic covariates. Compared to Caucasian women, Latinas were significantly more likely to be caregivers and used computers less often. Engaging in organized social activity was associated with fewer depressive symptoms in both groups. Listening to the radio was positively correlated with lower depressive symptom burden for Latinas, and better cognitive functioning in Caucasians. Cognitive functioning was better in Latinas who read and did puzzles. Housework was negatively associated with Latinas’ emotional health and Caucasians’ cognitive functioning. Latino and Caucasian women participate in different patterns of leisure activities. Additionally, ethnicity significantly affects the relationship between leisure activities and both emotional and cognitive health. PMID:21391135

Herrera, Angelica P.; Meeks, Thomas W.; Dawes, Sharron E.; Hernandez, Dominique M.; Thompson, Wesley K.; Sommerfeld, David H.; Allison, Matthew A.; Jeste, Dilip V.

2011-01-01

107

Linking Leisure Interests to the RIASEC World of Work Map  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study presents an interpretive framework for linking leisure interests, measured by the Leisure Interest Questionnaire (LIQ), to J. L. Holland's (1997) circumplex model of the world of work. Published data representing correlations between the LIQ and Holland's RIASEC interest types were obtained from Hansen and Scullard (2002). Leisure interest measures were integrated into the RIASEC circumplex using the

Patrick Ian Armstrong; James Rounds

2008-01-01

108

20 CFR 638.509 - Leisure-time employment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Leisure-time employment. 638.509...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR JOB CORPS PROGRAM UNDER TITLE IV-B OF THE JOB TRAINING PARTNERSHIP ACT...638.509 Leisure-time employment. A center...leisure time employment of students as long as such...

2010-04-01

109

Life-Flow Leisure Counseling for Older Persons.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Work is a primary source of self-satisfaction and self-definition for many people. Transition to leisure is often difficult for older persons. Leisure counseling helps older persons find self-satisfaction and adjust to their situations. Suggestions for effective leisure counseling are presented. (Author/BEF)

Loesch, Larry C.

1980-01-01

110

Claiming control: The recovering alcoholic woman and leisure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Neither the relationship between drinking and leisure throughout an alcoholic person's life course nor the influence of alcohol on a woman's leisure has been extensively systematically studied. The purpose of this project was to explore and describe leisure for recovering alcoholic women who were progressing to long?term sobriety. The data from nine in?depth interviews were analyzed within themes: How being

Karla A. Henderson; Judy M. Gardner

1996-01-01

111

Teaching a Cooperative Leisure Skill to Severely Handicapped Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six formerly institutionalized severely handicapped adults living in a nursing home were taught a cooperative leisure skill. All six participants acquired the leisure skill. Informal followup observations indicated that participants continued to self initiate, sustain, and terminate the leisure activity as much as 2 weeks beyond the program's…

Nietupski, John; Svoboda, Robin

1982-01-01

112

The Relationship between Murray's Personality Needs and Leisure Interests.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study attempted to identify a typology of leisure activities based on the interests of college students and to determine the degree of relationship between personality needs and the identified leisure typology. Findings suggest that a general pattern of leisure interests does exist for a specified population. (Author/JN)

Allen, Lawrence R.

1982-01-01

113

All to Play for? Adult Education, Leisure and Consumer Culture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues for a less rigid conception of leisure. Describes how leisure has been socially constructed and how the concept is changing in postmodern consumer culture. Suggests that adult education discourse neglects consumer culture and leisure, thus ignoring part of adults' everyday existence. (SK)

Edwards, Richard; Usher, Robin

1997-01-01

114

Serious Leisure and Recreation Specialization: An Uneasy Marriage  

Microsoft Academic Search

A case is made to wed research on serious leisure and recreation specialization. Before such a marriage can occur, the strengths and differences of the two perspectives must be examined. In this article, four important contributions of the recreation specialization are put forward that will further our understanding of serious leisure and intense forms of leisure. These are (1) there

David Scott

2012-01-01

115

Pastimes: The Context of Contemporary Leisure. 4th Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Originally published in 1996, "Pastimes" introduced an exciting new text that explored leisure and recreation philosophy and science, the various subfields, and the leisure services industry. This new edition is the result of what the author has learned from years of engagement with leisure theory, research, and personal and professional practice.…

Russell, Ruth V.

2009-01-01

116

Leisure Put Into Perspective--Will the Circle Go Unbroken?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study of leisure activities of interest to people with intellectual disabilities. Reports that one group of adolescents, one of adults, and one of seniors were interviewed. Lists reasons for lack of participation in leisure activities, including: (1) no leisure skill training; (2) lack of opportunities; and (3) lack of transportation.…

Glausier, Sheryl R; Whorton, James E.

2000-01-01

117

Exploring the role of forestry in tourism Leisure landscapes  

E-print Network

Exploring the role of forestry in tourism Leisure landscapes Suzanne Martin Social and Economic Research Group #12;1Leisure landscapes: exploring the role of forestry in tourism Exploring the role of forestry in tourism Leisure landscapes Suzanne Martin Social and Economic Research Group #12

118

Happy Safety Habits  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

We will be learning about certain safety habits and how knowing and doing these safety habits can make us happy. Introduction: Learning about different types of safety is important, because it keeps us safe and protected from dangers. Throught this webquest you will see waht safety habits you should use to keep yourself and family protected. Task: You will be asked to come up with a real life situation/story where you ...

Andersen, Miss

2009-03-27

119

Leisure, Government and Governance: A Swedish Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The leisure sector has witnessed a tremendous expansion since 1960. The purpose of this article is to analyse the decisions and goals of Swedish government policy during the period 1962 to 2005. The empirical analysis covers government Propositions and governmental investigations. The fields covered are sports, culture, exercise, tourism and…

Lindstrom, Lisbeth

2011-01-01

120

Working Vacations: Jobs in Tourism and Leisure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Vacation jobs often mix work and play. For some, the job is their ticket to career happiness. The article's first section describes four jobs specific to entertainment and leisure: (1) cruise ship musician; (2) destination marketing manager; (3) resort activities director; and (4) river rafting guide. The second section helps a person decide if a…

Torpey, Elka Maria

2011-01-01

121

Work and Leisure A Fading Dichotomy?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adult and continuing education developed as ad hoc responses to concrete and partial needs. The fact that adult education has gained a broader mission and become regarded as encompassing political and citizenship education, vocational training, general adult education and access courses, and leisure courses presents an ambiguous challenge to the…

Olesen, Henning Salling

122

Recreation and Leisure Service: A Humanistic Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Primarily geared to introductory college level courses, this book deals with the history, foundations, community development, and implications of recreation and leisure in American society. It is an attempt to present this information with a new humanistic perspective reflecting a concern for the dignity and worth of man and the development of…

Murphy, James F.

123

Leisure with Children and Parental Satisfaction: Further Evidence of a Sex Difference in the Experience of Adult Roles and Leisure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers surveyed 336 married Euro-American parents to determine their leisure-parental satisfaction relationship, examining leisure activities parents enjoyed with their children and reasons for participation. Subjects' gender distinguished factors that affected satisfaction with the parental role. Leisure interaction with children positively…

Freysinger, Valeria J.

1994-01-01

124

On the Habitability of Aquaplanets  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An Aquatic Habitability Index is proposed, based on Quantitative Habitability Theory, and considering a very general model for life. It is a primary habitability index, measuring habitability for phytoplankton in the first place. The index is applied to some case studies, such as the habitability changes in Earth due to environmental perturbations caused by asteroid impacts.

Cardenas, Rolando; Perez, Noel; Martinez-Frias, Jesus; Martin, Osmel

2014-08-01

125

Deciphering spectral fingerprints of habitable exoplanets.  

PubMed

We discuss how to read a planet's spectrum to assess its habitability and search for the signatures of a biosphere. After a decade rich in giant exoplanet detections, observation techniques have advanced to a level where we now have the capability to find planets of less than 10 Earth masses (M(Earth)) (so-called "super Earths"), which may be habitable. How can we characterize those planets and assess whether they are habitable? This new field of exoplanet search has shown an extraordinary capacity to combine research in astrophysics, chemistry, biology, and geophysics into a new and exciting interdisciplinary approach to understanding our place in the Universe. The results of a first-generation mission will most likely generate an amazing scope of diverse planets that will set planet formation, evolution, and our planet into an overall context. PMID:20307185

Kaltenegger, Lisa; Selsis, Frank; Fridlund, Malcolm; Lammer, Helmut; Beichman, Charles; Danchi, William; Eiroa, Carlos; Henning, Thomas; Herbst, Tom; Léger, Alain; Liseau, René; Lunine, Jonathan; Paresce, Francesco; Penny, Alan; Quirrenbach, Andreas; Röttgering, Huub; Schneider, Jean; Stam, Daphne; Tinetti, Giovanna; White, Glenn J

2010-01-01

126

Places for Leisure: Places for City  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our current society reveres aesthetic and hedonistic values centred on pleasure and lightness. A sign of this is the rapid\\u000a multiplication and success of games on offer, which permeates the classic leisure area and risks causing and spreading superficial\\u000a attitudes and styles, disillusioned to the point of being passive, in social relations and the relationship with the principal\\u000a categories of

Giovanni Maciocco

127

WAL-MART, LEISURE, AND CULTURE  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay contributes to the debate about the alleged spillover effects associated with Wal-Mart’s growth. Combining county-level data on Wal-Mart entry and location from 1985 through 1998 with individual-level data on leisure activities, we estimate a positive relationship between Wal-Mart penetration and participation in activities involving inputs that can be bought at Wal-Mart. The relationship between Wal-Mart penetration and activities

ART CARDEN; CHARLES COURTEMANCHE

2009-01-01

128

Becoming the Reading Mentors Our Adolescents Deserve: Developing a Successful Sustained Silent Reading Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today's adolescents must meet increasing demands for high levels of literacy. However, low self-efficacy and motivation for reading often prohibit adolescents from developing and sustaining positive reading habits. Consequently, educators must provide opportunities for students to experience reading as a rewarding and useful endeavor. Research…

Lee, Valarie

2011-01-01

129

Teaching Reading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Teaching Reading" uncovers the interactive processes that happen when people learn to read and translates them into a comprehensive easy-to-follow guide on how to teach reading. Richard Day's revelations on the nature of reading, reading strategies, reading fluency, reading comprehension, and reading objectives make fascinating…

Day, Richard R.

2013-01-01

130

Reading Preferences and Expectations of Multilingual Israeli University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Israeli students need to be multilingually literate to read academic texts, mainly in Hebrew, Arabic, Russian and English. In fact, little is known about students' reading habits despite a variety of university reading comprehension courses in different languages. The present study examines students' reading preferences and textual expectations,…

Bensoussan, Marsha

2009-01-01

131

Making leisure and recreation research a scholarly topic: Views of a journal editor, 1972–1982  

Microsoft Academic Search

The founding co?editor of Leisure Sciences provides a critical analysis of the events of 1972–1982 that shaped the topics of leisure and recreation research. Specific topics include: the development of publication outlets for research; leisure in the hierarchy of scholarly activity; the attempt to establish boundaries on leisure research; what are the criteria for acceptable research; and who does leisure

Rabel J. Burdge

1983-01-01

132

Habitability study shuttle orbiter  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Habitability design concepts for the Shuttle Orbiter Program are provided for MSC. A variety of creative solutions for the stated tasks are presented. Sketches, mock-ups, mechanicals and models are included for establishing a foundation for future development.

1973-01-01

133

Defining and measuring habit  

E-print Network

Habits are behavioral tendencies to repeat a well-learned response in a stable context with only minimal or sporadic cognitive monitoring. With repeated performance in a given context, the actor develops a cognitive association between contextual...

Quinn, Jeffrey M.

2001-01-01

134

Habitability design for spacecraft  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Habitability is understood to mean those spacecraft design elements that involve a degree of comfort, quality or necessities to support man in space. These elements are environment, architecture, mobility, clothing, housekeeping, food and drink, personal hygiene, off-duty activities, each of which plays a substantial part in the success of a mission. Habitability design for past space flights is discussed relative to the Mercury, Gemini, Apollo, and Skylab spacecraft, with special emphasis on an examination of the Shuttle Orbiter cabin design from a habitability standpoint. Future projects must consider the duration and mission objectives to meet their habitability requirements. Larger ward rooms, improved sleeping quarters and more complete hygiene facilities must be provided for future prolonged space flights

Franklin, G. C.

1978-01-01

135

Habitability: CAMELOT 4  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

During 1988 to 1989 the NASA/USRA Advanced Design Program sponsored research and design efforts aimed at developing habitability criteria and at defining a habitability concept as a useful tool in understanding and evaluating dwellings for prolonged stays in extraterrestrial space. The Circulating Auto sufficient Mars-Earth Luxurious Orbital Transport (CAMELOT) was studied as a case in which the students would try to enhance the quality of life of the inhabitants by applying architectural design methodology. The study proposed 14 habitability criteria considered necessary to fulfill the defined habitability concept, which is that state of equilibrium that results from the interaction between components of the Individual Architecture Mission Complex, which allows a person to sustain physiological homeostatis, adequate performance, and acceptable social relationships. Architecture, design development, refinements and revisions to improve the quality of life, new insights on artificial gravity, form and constitution problems, and the final design concept are covered.

Alequin, W.; Barragan, A.; Carro, M.; Garcia, F.; Gonzalez, I.; Mercado, J. A.; Negron, N.; Lopez, D.; Rivera, L. A.; Rivera, M.

1990-01-01

136

Your Child's Habits  

MedlinePLUS

... may be a sign of anxiety , depression , or obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) . Nose Picking Nose picking appears to be a ... to obsessive thoughts may be a sign of OCD. However, most habits don't cause any significant ...

137

Changing your sleep habits  

MedlinePLUS

... these patterns over many years, they become habits. Insomnia is difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep. In many cases, you can relieve insomnia by making a few simple lifestyle changes. However, ...

138

Weather impacts on leisure activities in Halifax, Nova Scotia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of daily atmospheric weather conditions on daily leisure activity engagement, with a focus on physically active leisure. The methods capitalize on time diary data that were collected in Halifax, Nova Scotia to calculate objective measures of leisure activity engagement. Daily meteorological data from Environment Canada and daily sunrise and sunset times from the National Research Council of Canada are used to develop objective measures of the natural atmospheric environment. The time diary data were merged with the meteorological data in order to quantify the statistical association between daily weather conditions and the type, participation rate, frequency, and duration of leisure activity engagement. The results indicate that inclement and uncomfortable weather conditions, especially relating to thermal comfort and mechanical comfort, pose barriers to physically active leisure engagement, while promoting sedentary and home-based leisure activities. Overall, daily weather conditions exhibit modest, but significant, effects on leisure activity engagement; the strongest associations being for outdoor active sports and outdoor active leisure time budgets. In conclusion, weather conditions influence the type, participation rate, frequency, and duration of leisure activity engagement, which is an important consideration for health-promotion programming.

Spinney, Jamie E. L.; Millward, Hugh

2011-03-01

139

Psychometric Evidence for the Leisure Interest Questionnaire and Analyses of the Structure of Leisure Interests  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study provides evidence of reliability and validity for the Leisure Interest Questionnaire (LIQ; J. C. Hansen, 1998). Undergraduate students completed the LIQ and Strong Interest Inventory (SII; E. K. Strong Jr., 1927) at Time 1 and the LIQ 5 weeks later. The internal consistency and test-retest reliability of the LIQ scales were calculated. Evidence of construct validity was inferred

Jo-Ida C. Hansen; Mark G. Scullard

2002-01-01

140

Psychometric Evidence for the Leisure Interest Questionnaire and Analyses of the Structure of Leisure Interests  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study provides evidence of reliability and validity for the Leisure Interest Questionnaire (LIQ; J. C. Hansen, 1998). Undergraduate students completed the LIQ and Strong Interest Inventory (SII; E. K. Strong Jr., 1927) at Time 1 and the LIQ 5 weeks later. The internal consistency and test-retest reliability of the LIQ scales were calculated.…

Hansen, Jo-Ida C.; Scullard, Mark G.

2002-01-01

141

Leisure Today: Leisure and Special Populations--Satisfaction, Enrichment, and Hope.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A series of nine articles discusses how to meet the leisure needs of diverse populations, focusing on pluralism and gang prevention, children and AIDS, socialization for the homeless, homosexual youth, the unemployed, recovering alcoholics, adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse, and Vietnam veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder. (SM)

Raymond, Lisa Pesavento; And Others

1992-01-01

142

Picturing Leisure: Using Photovoice to Understand the Experience of Leisure and Dementia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviews and participant observation are commonly used to explore the experience of dementia, yet may not adequately capture perspectives of persons with dementia as communication changes. We used photovoice (i.e., using cameras in qualitative research) along with interviews and participant observation to explore meanings of leisure for persons…

Genoe, M. Rebecca; Dupuis, Sherry L.

2013-01-01

143

Acquiring a leisure identity: juvenile jazz bands and the moral universe of ‘healthy’ leisure time  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ways in which juvenile jazz bands cater for the leisure time of young girls in a working class neighbourhood of Newcastle upon Tyne are illustrated. In addition to ethnographic material, statements made by the Jazz Band Federation of the UK which indicate the objectives of the organization, as well as its views on the ‘problem of youth’ in modern

Jim Grieves

1989-01-01

144

Political ideology and leisure policy in the United Kingdom  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is no well-developed literature on the relationship between leisure policy and political ideology. Three political ideologies — liberalism, conservatism and socialism — are examined for their core values and social policy implications. An attempt is made to construct liberal, conservative and socialist leisure policies, deduced from their ideological positions and current writings and policy statements of key thinkers. It

P. Bramham; I. P. Henry

1985-01-01

145

The Leisure Activities of Mental Patients Prior to Hospitalization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To study the leisure activities, social participation, and organizational participation of mental patients before hospital admission, a three-part research instrument was developed consisting of a structured interview schedule requesting information on the patient's leisure activities, a self-administered questionnaire entitled Survey of Opinions…

Babow, Irving; Simkin, Sol

146

Women in Recovery from Alcoholism: The Place of Leisure  

Microsoft Academic Search

There have been a variety of studies that have examined the experiences of women in recovery from alcoholism and other addictions. However, few of these studies have investigated the role of leisure in the recovery process of women. It is generally accepted that women have a different experience of both addiction\\/recovery, and leisure, than do men. Consequently, the purpose of

Colleen Deyell Hood

2003-01-01

147

The Relationship among Leisure Interests, Personality Traits, Affect, and Mood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined relationships between leisure interests and the Big Five personality traits, positive and negative affect, and moods. Regression analysis identified particular personality but not mood or affect variables as significant predictors of leisure factor scores. Further exploration through factor analysis revealed factor…

Wilkinson, Todd J.; Hansen, Jo-Ida C.

2006-01-01

148

A Study of the Leisure Experience of Turkish University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The shortened Leisure Experience Battery, developed by Caldwell, Smith, and Weissinger (1992), was applied to a sample of Turkish university students. The Leisure Experience Battery was developed and tested for US (American) adolescents and university students (Barnett, 2005). In the present study the Battery was used to examine a sample of 207…

Gokturk, Soheyda

2009-01-01

149

Arts and Leisure Activities in the St. Louis Region.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Factor analysis of a 1978 survey of St. Louis shows that different age, race, and educational attainment segments have approximately the same patterns of interest, participation, and enjoyment in leisure activities. Leisure activities of four types of fine arts activities--arts, music-dance, visual arts, and nonarts types--are described.…

Crowther, Betty; Kahn, Alfred

1983-01-01

150

The Meaning of Leisure in Middle Adulthood. A Developmental Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study assessing how 54 middle-aged adults perceived leisure time indicated that they saw themselves and the meaning of major life spheres to have changed since young adulthood. Leisure was integrally related with other realms of life such as work, family, homelife, community participation, and friendship. (CB)

Freysinger, Valeria J.

1987-01-01

151

Women with physical disabilities and the negotiation of leisure constraints  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to enhance the conceptual understanding of the importance and meaning of constraints to leisure for women with physical disabilities. In-depth qualitative interviews with women with disabilities were used to obtain information about the experience and meanings of leisure. Symbolic interactionism provided the framework for conducting the study. Two major themes emerged relative to constraints

Karla A. Henderson; Leandra A. Bedini; Lynn Hecht; Rosemary Schuler

1995-01-01

152

Leisure Patterns and Health Among Recently Widowed Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine how leisure involvement changes with the transition to widowhood and to determine if change in leisure involvement during this time has an impact on widows' physical and mental health. Adults age 50 and older who had transitioned into widowhood between Waves 1 and 2 or Waves 2 and 3 of the Americans'

Megan C. Janke; Galit Nimrod; Douglas A. Kleiber

2008-01-01

153

Leisure Trends in Ontario. Working Paper 90-5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The trends in leisure behavior of persons who live in Ontario (Canada) are identified in this report that provides a basis for planning and development of relevant programming to meet the leisure interests and needs of Ontarians. The report is organized into four chapters. The first chapter provides a general introduction to the concept of…

Capodilupo, Alessandra M.

154

Recreation Programming: Designing Leisure Experiences. 5th Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Originally published in 1989, "Recreation Programming: Designing Leisure Experiences" has become a standard in the park, recreation, and leisure service industry. This title has been used to teach beginning and experienced programmers in over 100 higher-education institutions, both nationally and internationally. Designed in a user-friendly…

Rossman, J. Robert; Schlatter, Barbara Elwood

2008-01-01

155

Leisure and Recreation in Long Duration Space Missions1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Leisure activities pursued during long range space missions should not be considered by planners as merely a way of filling in time. Current astronaut selection procedure tends to favor those who in leisure time in a spacecraft will spontaneously pursue mission-oriented activities, making the most of whatever facilities are available. With provision of an appropriate climate and opportunity, encouragement can

T. M. Fraser

1968-01-01

156

Baccalaureate Programs in Recreation, Park Resources, and Leisure Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a listing of baccalaureate programs in recreation, park resources, and leisure services that are accredited by the National Recreation and Park Association/American Association of Leisure and Recreation Council on Accreditation. Listings are alphabetical by state and present contact name, address, telephone, fax, email, website,…

Parks & Recreation, 2001

2001-01-01

157

The relationship between leisure theory and recreation practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between leisure theory and recreation practice, using a cognitive approach. Seventeen male and 3 female public leisure service managers took part in the investigation. A pile?sort technique was used to ascertain the structure of the conceptual domain consisting of the Accreditation Standards of the National Recreation and Park Association (1991).

Mary Greenwood Parr

1996-01-01

158

Preschool Children's Emerging Participation in Leisure and Recreation Activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Parents (n = 1509) of young children birth to 6 years of age were surveyed about their children's participation in 30 leisure and recreation community activities. Analyses focused on similarities and differences according to type of activity (leisure vs. recreation), child age, and child developmental condition (children with vs. children without disabilities or delays). Results showed that there were age-related

Carl J. Dunst; Debbie Hamby; Donna Snyder

2009-01-01

159

A Conceptual Framework for Leisure and Subjective Well-Being  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine a conceptual framework for an individual's subjective perception of leisure that contributes to Subjective Well-Being (SWB). More specifically, this study was an attempt to examine causal relationships among social cognitive variables, subjective perception of leisure, and SWB. A survey was administered to…

Kim, Byunggook

2009-01-01

160

Estimating the Cost of Leisure Time for Recreation Demand Models  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we propose a method of determining the opportunity cost of leisure time with an empirical recreation demand application. Typically, the opportunity cost of leisure time is assumed to be some fraction of the wage rate. This practice has limitations. First, it assumes that individuals can trade time for money at their wage. Second, it offers no guidance

Peter Feather; W. Douglass Shaw

1999-01-01

161

Leadership for Recreation, Parks, and Leisure Services. Third Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This third edition of "Leadership for Recreation, Parks, and Leisure Services" is unique from many different perspectives.The current effort of this book is focused on bringing together a number of interrelated elements that influence leadership in recreation, parks, and leisure service organizations. Thus, the authors have focused the effort on…

Edginton, Christopher R.; Hudson, Susan D.; Scholl, Kathleen G.

2005-01-01

162

Physician demand for leisure: implications for cesarean section rates.  

PubMed

Logistic regression models test whether physician demand for leisure affects both total and unplanned cesarean section rates, after controlling for relevant clinical variables. Although nature distributes births and associated problems uniformly, time-dependent dummy variables related to leisure are significant predictors of both total and unplanned c-sections. PMID:10159111

Brown, H S

1996-04-01

163

Developmental Intervention and Leisure Education: A Life Span Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper offers a framework for using leisure developmentally over the life span. By considering the developmental tasks that confront individuals of a given cultural\\/historical context, educational interventions can be designed for utilizing leisure in ways that are personally and socially adaptive. Contemporary western developmental issues, such as establishing independence in adolescence, connecting with others in early adulthood and after

Douglas A. Kleiber

2001-01-01

164

Leadership for Recreation, Parks, and Leisure Services. Fourth Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Leadership for Recreation, Parks and Leisure Services" presents new perspectives on the importance of leadership in the profession. Integrating theory with practice, the book provides foundational perspectives in the study of leadership at all levels--direct service, supervisory, managerial and community/civic--in recreation, parks and leisure

Edginton, Christopher R.; Hudson, Susan D.; Scholl, Kathleen G.; Lauzon, Lara

2011-01-01

165

Reading(s).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed for college English courses, this book presents selections of poetry, short stories, and commentary intended to invite different ways of reading and interpreting literature. An introduction provides an overview of the book's content, as well as a discussion of how to read. The first section, "Entering a Language," considers the…

Summerfield, Geoffrey; Summerfield, Judith

166

Trajectories of Martian Habitability  

PubMed Central

Abstract Beginning from two plausible starting points—an uninhabited or inhabited Mars—this paper discusses the possible trajectories of martian habitability over time. On an uninhabited Mars, the trajectories follow paths determined by the abundance of uninhabitable environments and uninhabited habitats. On an inhabited Mars, the addition of a third environment type, inhabited habitats, results in other trajectories, including ones where the planet remains inhabited today or others where planetary-scale life extinction occurs. By identifying different trajectories of habitability, corresponding hypotheses can be described that allow for the various trajectories to be disentangled and ultimately a determination of which trajectory Mars has taken and the changing relative abundance of its constituent environments. Key Words: Mars—Habitability—Liquid water—Planetary science. Astrobiology 14, 182–203. PMID:24506485

2014-01-01

167

Study habits of CS1 students: what do they do outside the classroom?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we report the results of a survey of the study habits of CS1 students. In this survey, students were asked how much time they spent on course-related activities such as reading the textbook, working on problems outside class, using online learning tools, and consulting with their instructor. We identified factors that influenced student study habits and how

Donald Chinn; Judy Sheard; Angela Carbone; Mikko-Jussi Laakso

2010-01-01

168

Are Americans Reading Less? More?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Conventional wisdom dictates that television is responsible for a steep decline in literacy in United States. Because literacy has many definitions, it seems more productive to consider library circulation figures; average personal expenditures on books, magazines, and newspapers; and national surveys of reading habits. All indicate a growing…

Fowles, Jib

1993-01-01

169

The Rise of E-Reading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The growing popularity of e-books and the adoption of specialized e-book reading devices are documented in a series of new nationally representative surveys by the Pew Research Center's Internet & American Life Project that look at the public's general reading habits, their consumption of print books, e-books and audiobooks, and their attitudes…

Rainie, Lee; Zickuhr, Kathryn; Purcell, Kristen; Madden, Mary; Brenner, Joanna

2012-01-01

170

An Introspective Study of Arabic- and Mandarin-Speakers' Reading Comprehension Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little L2 reading strategy research has explored the effect of linguistic and cross-cultural differences on strategic reading habits. This study attempted to fill this void by examining the reading strategies that Arabic- and Mandarin-speaking immigrants employed when reading and answering Canadian Language Benchmarks Assessment reading

Abbott, Marilyn

2010-01-01

171

Effects of Type A Personality and Leisure Ethic on Chinese College Students' Leisure Activities and Academic Performance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an earlier laboratory experiment using university students in the United States, Tang and Baumeister (1984) examined the effects of the Leisure Ethic, Type A personality, and task labels on subjects' task performance. The results showed that the interaction between Leisure Ethic endorsement and task label was significant among Type A…

Tang, Thomas Li-Ping

172

Program Comprehension through Software Habitability Richard Wettel and Michele Lanza  

E-print Network

reading and writing code. This may take months or years, and since program comprehension is usuallyProgram Comprehension through Software Habitability Richard Wettel and Michele Lanza Faculty of Informatics - University of Lugano, Switzerland Abstract The comprehensive understanding of a large software

Lanza, Michele

173

Learning How to Change Habits  

MedlinePLUS

... get ready. Then write the steps here. ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ Learning How to Change Habits American Diabetes Association? ? 1–800–DIABETES ( ... Association, Inc. 10/13 Toolkit No. 4: Learning How to Change Habits continued Things to Do Examples Get ...

174

Encouraging Good Homework Habits.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strategies for encouraging good homework habits include: plan daily quiet time for the family; schedule homework at times that work for the child and family; and help the child create a study area. Parents should resist doing the child's homework, discuss homework problems with teachers, limit homework to appropriate amounts of time, and be…

Villaire, Ted

2001-01-01

175

Time trends in leisure time physical activity and physical fitness in elderly people: 20 year follow-up of the Spanish population national health survey (1987-2006)  

PubMed Central

Background To estimate trends in leisure time physical activity and physical fitness between 1987-2006 in older Spanish people. Methods We analyzed data collected from the Spanish National Health Surveys conducted in 1987 (n = 29,647), 1993 (n = 20,707), 1995-1997 (n = 12,800), 2001 (n = 21,058), 2003 (n = 21,650), and 2006 (n = 29,478). The number of subjects aged ? 65 years included in the current study was 29,263 (1987: n = 4,958-16.7%; 1993: n = 3,751-17.8%; 1995-97: n = 2,229-17.4%; 2001: n = 4,356-20.7%; 2003: 6,134-28.3%; 2006: 7,835-26.5%). Main variables included leisure-time physical activity and physical fitness. We analyzed socio-demographic characteristics, self-rated health status, lifestyle habit and co-morbid conditions using multivariate logistic regression models. Results Women exhibited lower prevalence of leisure time physical activity and physical fitness compared to men (P < 0.05). The multivariate analysis for time trends found that practising leisure time physical activity increased from 1987 to 2006 (P < 0.001). Variables associated with a lower likelihood of practicing leisure time physical activity were: age ? 80 years old, ? 2 co-morbid chronic conditions, and obesity. Variables associated with lower physical fitness included: age ? 80 years, worse self rated health; ? 2 medications (only for walking), and obesity. Conclusions We found an increase in leisure time physical activity in the older Spanish population. Older age, married status, co-morbid conditions, obesity, and worse self-perceived health status were associated with lower activity. Identification of these factors can help to identify individuals at risk for physical inactivity. PMID:21995560

2011-01-01

176

Radiological Habits Survey: Wylfa, 2009  

E-print Network

Radiological Habits Survey: Wylfa, 2009 2010 Environment Report RL 03/10 Cefas contract report C Radiological Habits Survey: Wylfa, 2009 C.J. Garrod, F.J. Clyne, J. Elliott and J.R. Tipple Peer reviewed by G, C. J., Clyne, F. C., Elliott, J., and Tipple, J.R., 2010. Radiological Habits Survey: Wylfa, 2009

177

Radiological Habits Survey: Wylfa, 2013  

E-print Network

Radiological Habits Survey: Wylfa, 2013 2014 Environment Report RL 03/14 Cefas contract report C6028 #12;This page has been intentionally left blank #12;Cefas Document Control Radiological Habits blank #12;Environment Report RL 03/14 Final report Radiological Habits Survey: Wylfa, 2013 C.J. Garrod

178

Radiological Habits Survey: Amersham, 2009  

E-print Network

Radiological Habits Survey: Amersham, 2009 2010 Environment Report RL 04/10 Cefas contract report C Radiological Habits Survey: Amersham, 2009 F.J. Clyne, C.J. Garrod and J. Elliott Peer reviewed by G.J. Hunt.C., Garrod, C.J. and Elliott, J., 2010. Radiological Habits Survey: Amersham, 2009. RL 04/10. Cefas

179

Radiological Habits Survey: Devonport, 2011  

E-print Network

Radiological Habits Survey: Devonport, 2011 2012 Environment Report RL 01/12 Cefas contract report Radiological Habits Survey: Devonport, 2011 F.J. Clyne, C.J. Garrod, V.E. Ly and P. Rumney Peer reviewed by G.J., Garrod, C.J., Ly, V.E. and Rumney, P., 2012. Radiological Habits Survey: Devonport, 2011. RL 01/12. Cefas

180

Radiological Habits Survey: Dungeness, 2010  

E-print Network

Radiological Habits Survey: Dungeness, 2010 2011 Environment Report RL 11/11 Cefas contract report Radiological Habits Survey: Dungeness, 2010 F.J. Clyne, C.J. Garrod, V.E. Ly, P. Rumney and J. Elliott Peer: Clyne, F.C., Garrod, C.J., Ly, V.E., Rumney, P., and Elliott, J., 2011. Radiological Habits Survey

181

Radiological Habits Survey: Heysham, 2011  

E-print Network

Radiological Habits Survey: Heysham, 2011 2012 Environment Report RL 02/12 Cefas contract report C Radiological Habits Survey: Heysham, 2011 C.J. Garrod, F.J. Clyne, V.E. Ly and P. Rumney Peer reviewed by G, C.J., Clyne, F.J., Ly, V.E. and Rumney, P., 2012. Radiological Habits Survey: Heysham, 2011. RL 02

182

Radiological Habits Survey: Derby, 2009  

E-print Network

Radiological Habits Survey: Derby, 2009 2010 Environment Report RL 05/10 Cefas contract report C Radiological Habits Survey: Derby, 2009 J. Elliott, F.J. Clyne and C.J. Garrod Peer reviewed by G.J. Hunt., Clyne, F.C. and Garrod, C.J., 2010. Radiological Habits Survey: Derby, 2009. RL 05/10. Cefas, Lowestoft

183

Radiological Habits Survey: Sizewell, 2010  

E-print Network

Radiological Habits Survey: Sizewell, 2010 2011 Environment Report RL 12/11 Cefas contract report C Radiological Habits Survey: Sizewell, 2010 C.J. Garrod, F.J. Clyne, P. Rumney, J. Elliott, C.A. Smedley and V, J., Smedley, C., and Ly, V.E., 2011. Radiological Habits Survey: Sizewell, 2010. RL 12/11. Cefas

184

Free Reading Is a Simple Idea, But It Works!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Class time devoted to individual reading is a simple, effective means of improving reading motivation in junior high schools. In order to guide students to books that they will enjoy, the teacher needs to know (1) the students' reading habits, abilities, and interests, and (2) the library facilities available. A good paperback library can be…

Fleitz, Jeanette; Harman, Ronald

1969-01-01

185

Predicting Substance Use Behavior among South African Adolescents: The Role of Leisure Experiences across Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using seven waves of data, collected twice a year from the 8th through the 11th grades in a low-resource community in Cape Town, South Africa, we aimed to describe the developmental trends in three specific leisure experiences (leisure boredom, new leisure interests, and healthy leisure) and substance use (cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana)…

Sharp, Erin Hiley; Coffman, Donna L.; Caldwell, Linda L.; Smith, Edward A.; Wegner, Lisa; Vergnani, Tania; Mathews, Catherine

2011-01-01

186

LEISURE-TIME ACTIVITY-INTERESTS OF TEENAGE YOUTH IN THE WASHINGTON METROPOLITAN AREA.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE LEISURE ACTIVITIES OF YOUTH WERE INVENTORIED IN AN EFFORT TO DETERMINE HOW GOALS AND VALUES WERE FORMED AND CHOICES MADE REGARDING LEISURE ACTIVITIES. THE OBJECTIVES WERE TO ASSEMBLE DATA CONCERNING LEISURE ACTIVITIES OF YOUTH AND TO ASCERTAIN ACTIVITIES AND INTERESTS. A BRIEF QUESTIONNAIRE ON LEISURE ACTIVITIES WAS ADMINISTERED TO NEARLY ALL…

HOFFSOMMER, HAROLD; AND OTHERS

187

Multiplication and integration of leisure functions: recreation, continuous education and cross-ethnic relations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Leisure includes more-and-more components as modern societies develop. The functional aspects of leisure activity change as well, and the multiplicative functions of leisure become of greater importance. The concept “multiplication” is interpreted as multiplication of the effective functional characteristics of leisure. The purpose of this paper is to present evidence from a project that investigated the social efficiency of national

Inna Piskunova

2009-01-01

188

Functions of Leisure and Recreational Activities Within a Sexual Assault Cycle: A Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little is known regarding how what normally might be considered positive leisure and recreation activities, may actually contribute to criminal behavior, and specifically to repeated sexual offending. Leisure and recreation are often thought to bring various physical, psychosocial, and cultural benefits to those who participate. Nevertheless, leisure as it relates to crime, in general, is often conceptualized as deviant leisure,

D. J. Williams

2005-01-01

189

Reading Faster  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the visual nature of the reading process as it relates to reading speed. It points out that there is a physical limit on normal reading speed and beyond this limit the reading process will be different from normal reading where almost every word is attended to. The article describes a range of activities for developing…

Nation, Paul

2009-01-01

190

Reading Recovery.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of the Arizona Reading Journal focuses on the theme "reading recovery" and includes the following articles: "Why Is an Inservice Programme for Reading Recovery Teachers Necessary?" (Marie M. Clay); "What Is Reading Recovery?" (Gay Su Pinnell); "Teaching a Hard To Teach Child" (Constance A. Compton); "Reading Recovery in Arizona--A…

Jones, Joanna R., Ed.

1992-01-01

191

Non-at-Risk Adolescents' Attitudes towards Reading in a Singapore Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we examine the various nuanced dimensions of adolescents' dispositions towards reading in one secondary school in Singapore, where a high-stakes examination culture often threatens to colonise the practices of leisure reading. Our focus is on the better and more avid readers as they were the ones that developed the more negative…

Bokhorst-Heng, Wendy; Pereira, Delfin

2008-01-01

192

Trajectories of martian habitability.  

PubMed

Beginning from two plausible starting points-an uninhabited or inhabited Mars-this paper discusses the possible trajectories of martian habitability over time. On an uninhabited Mars, the trajectories follow paths determined by the abundance of uninhabitable environments and uninhabited habitats. On an inhabited Mars, the addition of a third environment type, inhabited habitats, results in other trajectories, including ones where the planet remains inhabited today or others where planetary-scale life extinction occurs. By identifying different trajectories of habitability, corresponding hypotheses can be described that allow for the various trajectories to be disentangled and ultimately a determination of which trajectory Mars has taken and the changing relative abundance of its constituent environments. PMID:24506485

Cockell, Charles S

2014-02-01

193

Adult Education, Work and Leisure: A Critical Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the role of education, access to it, lack of participation, and education as a means of social control and culture transmission. Argues that work and leisure are interdependent and explores implications for adult education curriculum. (SK)

Oakey, Dorothy

1990-01-01

194

Gender and leisure-time physical activit y  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the relationship between gender and the social construction o f the body, specifically focusing on physical exercise during leisure time. The Pró-Saúde Project i s a prospective study consisting of 4,030 employees of a university in Rio de Janeiro, in which w e analyzed the answers on leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) by 3,740 participants. The result s

Guilherme Loureiro Werneck; Eduardo Faerstein; Claudia S. Lopes

195

Physical activity during leisure and commuting in Tianjin, China.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To investigate physical activity during leisure time and commuting among persons aged 15-69 years in the urban population of Tianjin, China, and to assess its associations with demographic and health-related characteristics. METHODS: In 1996 a cross-sectional survey of 2002 males and 1974 females provided information on physical activity during leisure time and commuting and on demographics and health behaviours. FINDINGS: No leisure-time physical activity was engaged in by 67% of females and 61% of males. However, only 4% of females and 9% of males reported an absence of physical activity during commuting. The mean duration of leisure-time physical activity for the whole population was about 10 min per day. The average commuting time on foot or by bicycle was about 30 min. Leisure-time physical activity was more frequent among highly educated people, people with high incomes, white-collar workers, married people, non-smokers, or people commuting on foot or by bicycle than among other people. Persons with low incomes, male blue-collar workers and married people were more likely than others to engage in 30 min or more per day of physical activity on foot or by bicycle when commuting. CONCLUSION: People in Tianjin engaged in a high level of physical activity when commuting and a low level of leisure-time physical activity. PMID:12571720

Hu, Gang; Pekkarinen, Heikki; Hänninen, Osmo; Yu, Zhijie; Tian, Huiguang; Guo, Zeyu; Nissinen, Aulikki

2002-01-01

196

Leisure Activities, Caregiving Demands, and Catecholamine Levels in Dementia Caregivers  

PubMed Central

This study examined whether satisfaction from leisure activities moderates the relationship between caregiving demands (i.e., hours per day spent caring for a spouse with dementia) and resting levels of the catecholamines norepinephrine (NE) and epinephrine (EPI). Spousal caregivers (N=107; mean age 73.95±8.12 years) were assessed in home for plasma levels of NE and EPI, amount of care provided, and leisure satisfaction. Regression was used to determine whether leisure satisfaction moderated the relationship between hours providing care per day and catecholamine levels. A significant interaction was found between hours caregiving and leisure satisfaction for NE, but not for EPI. Post hoc regressions were conducted for both NE and EPI. At low leisure satisfaction, time spent caring for a spouse was positively associated with plasma NE (? = .41; p = .005) and EPI (? = .44; p = .003). In contrast, at high levels of satisfaction, time caregiving was not significantly associated with plasma NE (? = ?.08; p = .57) or EPI (? = .23; p = .12). These findings suggest that leisure satisfaction may protect caregivers from increases in catecholamines, which have been implicated in cardiovascular risk. Further support for these findings may impact psychological treatments for distressed caregivers. PMID:22149759

Chattillion, Elizabeth A.; Mausbach, Brent T.; Roepke, Susan K.; von Känel, Roland; Mills, Paul J.; Dimsdale, Joel E.; Allison, Matthew; Ziegler, Michael G.; Patterson, Thomas L.; Ancoli-Israel, Sonia; Grant, Igor

2012-01-01

197

Futurists predict that there will be an ever-increasing amount of leisure time for all people. Will society be able to manage its leisure time or will it become a burden? Healthy societies and  

E-print Network

will have to develop well-balanced leisure time activities.The study of recreation and leisure investigates the phenomena of leisure in all of its complexity. A Recreation and Leisure Studies major utilizes knowledge early in the program. Graduates of the Recreation and Leisure Studies program have entered careers in

Seldin, Jonathan P.

198

Futurists predict that there will be an ever-increasing amount of leisure time for all people.Will society be able to manage its leisure time or will it become a burden? Healthy societies and communities will have to  

E-print Network

will have to develop well-balanced leisure time activities.The study of recreation and leisure investigates the phenomena of leisure in all of its complexity. A Recreation and Leisure Studies major utilizes knowledge early in the program. Graduates of the Recreation and Leisure Studies program have entered careers

Seldin, Jonathan P.

199

Futurists predict that there will be an ever-increasing amount of leisure time for all people.Will society be able to manage its leisure time or will it become a burden? Healthy societies and communities will have to  

E-print Network

will have to develop well-balanced leisure time activities.The study of recreation and leisure investigates the phenomena of leisure in all of its complexity. A Recreation and Leisure Studies major utilizes knowledge with the program Coordinator early in the program. Graduates of the Recreation and Leisure Studies program have

Seldin, Jonathan P.

200

Futurists predict that there will be an ever-increasing amount of leisure time for all people. Will society be able to manage its leisure time or will it become a burden? Healthy societies and  

E-print Network

will have to develop well-balanced leisure time activities.The study of recreation and leisure investigates the phenomena of leisure in all of its complexity. A Recreation and Leisure Studies major utilizes knowledge of the Recreation and Leisure Studies program have entered careers inYWCAs,YMCAs, Community Recreation Departments

Seldin, Jonathan P.

201

Expected Returns and Habit Persistence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a consumption-based asset pricing model with infinite-horizon nonlinear habit formation, Campbell and Cochrane (1999) show that low consumption in surplus of habit should forecast high expected returns. This article argues that the finite-horizon linear habit model also implies an inverse relation between expected returns and surplus consumption. This article also presents empirical evidence, which indicates that expected returns on

Yuming Li

2001-01-01

202

Reading Comics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many adults, even librarians who willingly add comics to their collections, often dismiss the importance of comics. Compared to reading "real" books, reading comics appears to be a simple task and compared to reading no books, reading comics might be preferable. After all, comics do have words, but the plentiful pictures seem to carry most of the…

Tilley, Carol L.

2008-01-01

203

Relationships between Sixth-Graders' Reading Comprehension and Two Different Measures of Print Exposure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined sixth-graders' reading comprehension and component reading abilities in relation to two measures of print exposure: an author recognition test (ART) involving fiction authors and a reading habits questionnaire (RHQ) about children's voluntary reading for enjoyment across various genres. The ART correlated only with children's…

Spear-Swerling, Louise; Brucker, Pamela O.; Alfano, Michael P.

2010-01-01

204

Commentary: Can Free Reading Take You All The Way? A Response to Cobb (2007)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cobb (2007) argues that free reading cannot provide L2 readers with sufficient opportunities for acquiring vocabulary in order to reach an adequate level of reading comprehension of English texts. In this paper, the authors argue that (1) Cobb severely underestimates the amount of reading even a very modest reading habit would afford L2 readers,…

McQuillan, Jeff; Krashen, Stephen D.

2008-01-01

205

Flares and habitability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At present, dwarf M stars are being considered as potential hosts for habitable planets. However, an important fraction of these stars are flare stars, which among other kind of radiation, emit large amounts of UV radiation during flares, and it is unknown how this events can affect life, since biological systems are particularly vulnerable to UV. In this work we evaluate a well known dMe star, EV Lacertae (GJ 873) as a potential host for the emergence and evolution of life, focusing on the effects of the UV emission associated with flare activity. Since UV-C is particularly harmful for living organisms, we studied the effect of UV-C radiation on halophile archaea cultures. The halophile archaea or haloarchaea are extremophile microorganisms, which inhabit in hypersaline environments and which show several mechanisms to cope with UV radiation since they are naturally exposed to intense solar UV radiation on Earth. To select the irradiance to be tested, we considered a moderate flare on this star. We obtained the mean value for the UV-C irradiance integrating the IUE spectrum in the impulsive phase, and considering a hypothetical planet in the center of the liquid water habitability zone. To select the irradiation times we took the most frequent duration of flares on this star which is from 9 to 27 minutes. Our results show that even after considerable UV damage, the haloarchaeal cells survive at the tested doses, showing that this kind of life could survive in a relatively hostile UV environment.

Abrevaya, Ximena C.; Cortón, Eduardo; Mauas, Pablo J. D.

2012-07-01

206

Read: What Kathmandu is Reading?  

E-print Network

and tolerant, and at the same time reading gives pleasure and is informative. One can read Y.S. Naipaul and realise the beauty of simple language. One can read lames loyce and learn the art of prose writing. One can read Noam Chomsky, Arundhati Ray...

Fineprint Bookclub

2011-01-05

207

A labor/leisure tradeoff in cognitive control.  

PubMed

Daily life frequently offers a choice between activities that are profitable but mentally demanding (cognitive labor) and activities that are undemanding but also unproductive (cognitive leisure). Although such decisions are often implicit, they help determine academic performance, career trajectories, and even health outcomes. Previous research has shed light both on the executive control functions that ultimately define cognitive labor and on a "default mode" of brain function that accompanies cognitive leisure. However, little is known about how labor/leisure decisions are actually made. Here, we identify a central principle guiding such decisions. Results from 3 economic-choice experiments indicate that the motivation underlying cognitive labor/leisure decision making is to strike an optimal balance between income and leisure, as given by a joint utility function. The results reported establish a new connection between microeconomics and research on executive function. They also suggest a new interpretation of so-called ego-depletion effects and a potential new approach to such phenomena as mind wandering and self-control failure. PMID:23230991

Kool, Wouter; Botvinick, Matthew

2014-02-01

208

How Common are Habitable Planets?  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Earth is teeming with life, which, occupies a diverse array of environments; other bodies in our Solar System offer fewer, if any, niches which are habitable by life as we know it. Nonetheless, astronomical studies suggest that a large number of habitable planets-are likely to be present within our Galaxy.

Lissauer, Jack J.; DeVincenzi, Donald (Technical Monitor)

2000-01-01

209

Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield, 2013  

E-print Network

Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield, 2013 2014 Environment Report RL 02/14 Cefas contract report C6028 #12;This page has been intentionally left blank #12; Cefas Document Control Radiological #12;This page has been intentionally left blank #12;Environment Report RL 02/14 Radiological Habits

210

Developing Mathematical Habits of Mind  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Mathematical habits of mind" include reasoning by continuity, looking at extreme cases, performing thought experiments, and using abstraction that mathematicians use in their work. Current recommendations emphasize the critical nature of developing these habits of mind: "Once this kind of thinking is established, students can apply it in the…

Mark, June; Cuoco, Al; Goldenberg, E. Paul; Sword, Sarah

2010-01-01

211

Reading Aloud  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Many resources are available to elementary teachers who wish to support science learning with literature. Unfortunately, somewhere between middle school and high school, the emphasis on using literature to teach science content--particularly the exercise of reading aloud--has all but disappeared. However, the practice of reading aloud is helpful because most students have higher listening comprehension than reading comprehension (Trelease 2006)--low-reading level students, English language learners, and auditory learners in particular, tend to understand what they hear better than what they read. This article provides suggestions for including the practice of reading aloud in the high school science classroom.

Lynda Delo

2008-07-01

212

Thermodynamics and Planetary Habitability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The relevance of thermodynamics as the driving force for life has long been recognized, for instance by Boltzmann (1886), Lotka (1922) and Schrödinger (1944). Thermodynamics has also been used to characterize planetary habitability. The Earth's atmosphere in a state far from thermodynamic equilibrium, as reflected by its high oxygen content, has been used as an indication for a habitable planet as this state is maintained by the biosphere (Lovelock, 1965). Yet the question remains regarding the fundamental causes that make planet Earth so habitable, or, in other words, what the driving principles are that make the emergence of life an inevitable feature of Earth system functioning. As an extension to these thermodynamic views, I argue here that the myriad of different biogeochemical processes that we call life act to maximize the planetary rate of entropy production. The possibility to do so exists on Earth because its planetary albedo, and therefore the amount of absorbed sunlight and planetary entropy production, is not a fixed planetary property, but emerges from the dynamics of the climate system and the global biogeochemical cycles that shape the composition of the atmosphere. A dominant effect on the planetary albedo is surface temperature: low temperatures result in more highly reflective snow and sea-ice cover, while high temperatures result in an atmosphere with high moisture contents, low temperature gradients, and likely higher reflective cloud cover. Hence, a minimum planetary albedo should exist for a certain, optimum surface temperature at which the absorption of sunlight and the associated rate of entropy production is maximized. Surface temperature, in turn, can be regulated towards the optimum through the intensity of carbon cycling as it directly impacts the strength of the atmospheric greenhouse effect. Hence, a carbon-cycling biosphere can be seen as the biogeochemical implementation to maximize planetary entropy production. This thermodynamic perspective views life as an intrinsic planetary property that is the inevitable consequence of non-equilibrium thermodynamic systems to maximize their rates of entropy production to the extent possible (Kleidon 2004). Planetary habitability can then be related to the flexibility of the planetary boundary conditions, that is, the extent to which these can be altered by internal dynamics. In this presentation, I describe this view in more detail and will outline methods by which this view can be tested quantitatively with numerical simulation models of the Earth system. References Boltzmann, L.: Der zweite Hauptsatz der mechanischen Wärmetheorie. Almanach der kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 36:225-259, 1886. Kleidon, A.: Beyond Gaia: Thermodynamics of life and Earth system functioning. Clim. Ch., 66:271-319, 2004. Lotka, A. J.: Natural Selection as a Physical Principle. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 8:151-154, 1922. Lovelock, J.?aE.: A Physical Basis for Life Detection Experiments. Nature, 207:568- 570, 1965. Schrödinger, E.: What is Life? The physical aspect of the living cell. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 1944.

Kleidon, A.

2007-08-01

213

Optimal indolence: a normative microscopic approach to work and leisure.  

PubMed

Dividing limited time between work and leisure when both have their attractions is a common everyday decision. We provide a normative control-theoretic treatment of this decision that bridges economic and psychological accounts. We show how our framework applies to free-operant behavioural experiments in which subjects are required to work (depressing a lever) for sufficient total time (called the price) to receive a reward. When the microscopic benefit-of-leisure increases nonlinearly with duration, the model generates behaviour that qualitatively matches various microfeatures of subjects' choices, including the distribution of leisure bout durations as a function of the pay-off. We relate our model to traditional accounts by deriving macroscopic, molar, quantities from microscopic choices. PMID:24284898

Niyogi, Ritwik K; Breton, Yannick-Andre; Solomon, Rebecca B; Conover, Kent; Shizgal, Peter; Dayan, Peter

2014-02-01

214

Reading Objectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After a review of past research in reading education, Science Research Associates arrived at reading objectives which were then reviewed by the National Assessment of Educational Progress staff, educators, and laymen. The six major reading objectives, appropriate for age-groups 9, 13, 17, and young adults, are the abilities to comprehend, analyze,…

Norris, Eleanor L., Ed.; Bowes, John E., Ed.

215

SPORT MANAGEMENT, RECREATION, AND TOURISM TOURISM, LEISURE, AND EVENT PLANNING (TLEP) MAJOR  

E-print Network

1 SPORT MANAGEMENT, RECREATION, AND TOURISM DIVISION TOURISM, LEISURE, AND EVENT PLANNING (TLEP...................................................................................................................23 Examples of Tourism Field Experie

Moore, Paul A.

216

Interrupted Reading  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Interrupted reading is a close reading technique that consists of dividing a passage of text into short chunks and pausing the reading after each section in order for the student to consider possible responses. This type of reading helps students connect with the text by requiring that they summarize, look for devices, make predictions, etc., as they are reading. This technique helps students to build confidence as they are forced to slow down and notice detail, and it is a tool to help build analysis and commentary skills. Passages from Annie Dillard, The Things They Carried and Cold Mountain are utilized in this lesson.

Edwins, Cathy

2012-09-01

217

Research Summary Leisure landscapes: exploring the role of forestry in tourism  

E-print Network

Research Summary Leisure landscapes: exploring the role of forestry in tourism Using woodlands for tourism includes a wide range of leisure activities, such as mountain biking, walking and nature watching markets for cultural, adventure and wildlife leisure breaks, tourism provides an opportunity to diversity

218

Changes in Leisure Styles and Satisfaction of Older People: A Five Years Follow-Up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examines the leisure style and leisure satisfaction of a sample of older people at baseline and after a period of 5 years. Three groups were identified by factorial and cluster analyses and labelled under the headings of: Organised Style, Surrounding Style and Indoor Style. Each group represented a different typology of leisure,…

Gagliardi, Cristina; Spazzafumo, Liana; Papa, Roberta; Marcellini, Fiorella

2012-01-01

219

Virtual Reality as a Leisure Activity for Young Adults with Physical and Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Participation in leisure activities is a fundamental human right and an important factor of quality of life. Adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) and physical disabilities often experience limited opportunities to participate in leisure activities, virtual reality (VR) technologies may serve to broaden their repertoire of accessible leisure

Yalon-Chamovitz, Shira; Weiss, Patrice L.

2008-01-01

220

Role Overload, Job Satisfaction, Leisure Satisfaction, and Psychological Health among Employed Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Role overload, job satisfaction, leisure satisfaction, and psychological health were measured for 155 women who were employed full time. Role overload was negatively correlated with psychological health, job satisfaction, and leisure satisfaction. Job satisfaction and leisure satisfaction were positively correlated with psychological health.…

Pearson, Quinn M.

2008-01-01

221

Whose side are they on? Leisure studies and cultural studies in Britain  

Microsoft Academic Search

After discussing some of the responses to the 1988 LSA International Conference, particularly the theory-practice or academic-practitioner relation, this paper goes on to explore the roots of leisure studies and the sociology of leisure in Britain, and to account for the impact of cultural studies upon the study of leisure. It is argued that the critical dimension to cultural studies

Alan Tomlinson

1989-01-01

222

Helping Young People Learn to Make Wise Use of Leisure Time.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests five strategies to promote wise use of free time, including acquainting students with several major types of activities, examining leisure activities of people in other countries, researching the meaning of leisure, conducting a community survey of leisure opportunities, and considering related career opportunities. (LS)

Crowder, William W.

1988-01-01

223

Leisure Service Delivery Systems: Are They Adequate?1 Rene Fukuhara DahI2  

E-print Network

that a new reality has emerged, with implications for all park, recreation, and leisure service professionals. To provide relevant and meaningful services to all members of the community, park, recreation, and leisure of Recreation and Leisure Studies, San Francisco State University, San Francisco, California. image

Standiford, Richard B.

224

526 Recreation and Leisure Studies 1997/98 CSULB Catalog Department Chair  

E-print Network

526 · Recreation and Leisure Studies · 1997/98 CSULB Catalog Department Chair Michael A. Blazey. The Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies exists to promote a broader and deeper understanding of the role of leisure and recreation in the lives of all people, and to en- hance the quality of experiences available

Sorin, Eric J.

225

Rethinking Philosophy of Leisure: A Proposal for Including More Humanism in the Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that recreation and leisure studies curricula often fail to provide students with adequate knowledge to understand, critically analyze, and discuss leisure. By studying leisure from a humanist perspective (philosophy, history, and literature), educators can respond to this problem, preparing students to critically respond to challenges they…

Estes, Cheryl A.

2000-01-01

226

Assessing Adequacy of Leisure and Recreation Facilities in KFUPM Campus: A Futuristic Need-Gap Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Leisure and recreation facilities are strongly intertwined due to their mutual dependencies. Thus, they build up invisible networks. Leisure and recreation facilities are one of the imperative components for socio-cultural, psychological, and economic development. In the spectrum of sustainable development, it is not possible to initiate development process without strategically planning for leisure and recreation activities. KFUPM was developed with

Adel S. Aldosary

2011-01-01

227

Learning to Read through Reading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the twelve exemplary programs summarized in the Introduction to Right to Read's "Effective Reading Programs: Summaries of 222 Selected Programs" (CS001934), this program attempts to raise the reading skills of inmates of the Sierra Conservation Center to the level needed for training in conservation work while in prison, or for outside jobs…

Sierra Conservation Center, Jamestown, CA.

228

Teaching Reading to the Inner-City Child.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The type of reading teacher needed to teach reading at all grade levels in urban schools is characterized, and the habits and attitudes necessary for success are identified. The teacher needs to be (1) cognizant of the attitudes, misunderstandings, and prejudices of his colleagues; (2) aware of the possible hostility of his students, but sensitive…

Emeruwa, Leatrice

229

Tourism and Commercial Recreation Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies  

E-print Network

Tourism and Commercial Recreation Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies Green Mountain College Fall 2005 GENERAL INFORMATION Course: REC 3033, Tourism and Commercial Recreation Credits: 3 DESCRIPTION [From the catalog]. This course is a study of the dynamics of the tourism industry

Brown, Gregory G.

230

Changing Times: Work and Leisure in Postindustrial Society  

Microsoft Academic Search

Time allocation, whether considered at the level of the individual or of the society, is a major focus of public concern. Are our lives more congested with work than they used to be? Is society polarizing into groups which, on one side, have too much work and too little leisure time to spend their money in, and on the other

Jonathan Gershuny

2000-01-01

231

An Evaluation of Theoretical Frameworks for Studying Physically Active Leisure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent reviews demonstrate participation in active recreation and the development of an active lifestyle is important to a broad spectrum of society. Reviews further highlight the presence of an underdeveloped knowledge base for active leisure. Theory development is required to guide researchers, practitioners, and policy makers. Specifically, evaluating the theoretical frameworks applied to active recreation is needed to foster collaboration

Anthony A. Beaton; Daniel C. Funk

2008-01-01

232

Breast Cancer-Related Lymphedema: Implications for Family Leisure Participation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An estimated 20% of breast cancer survivors face the chronic condition of breast cancer-related lymphedema. This study explored the ways in which women with this condition experienced changes in their participation in family leisure as one indicator of family functioning. Participants (N = 27) were interviewed regarding lifestyles before and after…

Radina, M. Elise

2009-01-01

233

Leisure Opportunities for Individuals with Disabilities: Legal Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume explores legal issues that serve as foundations for quality active leisure participation by persons with disabilities. In addition to documenting details of the Americans with Disabilities Act (1990), playground and equipment standards and guidelines, and American Camping Assoication standards, it presents specific information on risk…

Grosse, Susan J., Ed.; Thompson, Donna, Ed.

234

Youth Development in After-School Leisure Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Leisure activities that occur outside of the school hours may facilitate positive youth development.The experiences of youth in three categories of activities (basketball and football, other sports, and nonsports) are examined in this study. Based on prior research, it is hypothesized that students participating in basketball and football will…

Wilson, Denise M.; Gottfredson, Denise C.; Cross, Amanda B.; Rorie, Melissa; Connell, Nadine

2010-01-01

235

Leisure Activity Participation of Elderly Individuals with Low Vision.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied low vision elderly clinic patients (N=63) who reported participation in six categories of leisure activities currently and at onset of vision loss. Found subjects reported significant declines in five of six activity categories. Found prior activity participation was related to current participation only for active crafts, participatory…

Heinemann, Allen W.

1988-01-01

236

Experiences from Work and Leisure Related to Adult Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Swedish study was conducted to examine how the experiences of work and leisure affect expectancy and valence in relation to interest in participating in adult education. A cross sectional sample of 945 persons with short previous formal education was interviewed. The results indicated the existence of an integrated relationship between work and…

Bergsten, Urban

237

The Future of Leisure Studies in Research Universities: Administrators' Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article summarizes the content of a three-day administrative summit held at Zion Ponderosa Resort in southern Utah in late September 2010. Department chairs, heads, and deans representing 13 universities across North America offering leisure studies doctoral degrees, master's degrees, and undergraduate professional preparation degrees…

Dustin, Daniel; Collins, Rachel; Schultz, Jeremy; Browne, Laurie; Schwab, Keri; Rose, Jeff; Timmerman, Danielle; Altschuler, Ben; Jostad, Jeremy; Spencer, Callie; Newman, Jackie; Bricker, Kelly

2012-01-01

238

Art by the Book Painting Manuals and the Leisure Life  

E-print Network

Art by the Book Painting Manuals and the Leisure Life in Late Ming China J. P. Park Uses and image, elite and popular culture, and content and style. A China Program Book / Modern Language pp., 6 x 9 in. $35.95 paperback, ISBN 978-0-7748-1980-0 Iceland Imagined Nature, Culture

Hochberg, Michael

239

ECU ASSESSMENT REPORT -Version 2 Department: Recreation & Leisure Studies  

E-print Network

ECU ASSESSMENT REPORT - Version 2 Department: Recreation & Leisure Studies The purpose rubric subscale. Subscales include: (1) Agency Culture and Market Analysis, (2) Goals and Objectives, (3 Issues & Target Market was changed to Agency Culture & Market Analysis. In addition, a new category

240

Sex tourism and prostitution: Aspects of leisure, recreation, and work  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sex Tourism and Prostitution: Aspects of Leisure, Recreation, and Work. By Martin Oppermann, Cognizant Communication Corporation. (3 Hartsdale Road, Elmsford, NY 10523–3701 USA) ISBN 1–882345–14–2, 1998, 1998, v + 182?pp. (tables, charts, references, bibliography, index), $38.00 (cloth), $30 (softbound).

William N. Chernish

1999-01-01

241

Leisure, Recreation, and Play from a Developmental Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The terms "play, recreation, and leisure" can evoke thoughts of frivolity, fun, sociability, competition, slothfulness, or idleness. However, there is substantial evidence that what people do in their discretionary or free time has important developmental and health implications. In this article, the authors examine how play, recreation, and…

Caldwell, Linda L.; Witt, Peter A.

2011-01-01

242

Women Faculty, Higher Education, and the Recreation/Leisure Field  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Women represent growing numbers of faculty members in higher education as well as in recreation/leisure departments. The purpose of this study is to describe the career development of women faculty in recreation-related areas and to offer implications for faculty development and the preparation of future faculty. Data were collected from women who…

Henderson, Karla A.; Harrolle, Michelle; Rich, Samantha; Moretz, Janell

2012-01-01

243

Space hijacking and the anarcho-politics of leisure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Political scientists, social movement theorists and cultural geographers have made us aware of forms of micro-political resistance that have challenged the privatisation, corporatisation and securitisation of the city. An increasing tactical feature of such resistance has been the deployment of leisure practices and performances to challenge the dominant norms and ideologies governing the use of urban space. This paper focuses

Paul Gilchrist; Neil Ravenscroft

2012-01-01

244

Bollywood in the park: thinking intersectionally about public leisure space  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the summer of 2007, Bollywood (and the International Indian Film Academy Awards) came to Yorkshire in the north of England and public spaces in cities such as Leeds were used to host various events relating to South Asian culture. The focus here is on the South Asian Festival at Roundhay Park and shifting uses and perceptions of public leisure

Beccy Watson; Aarti Ratna

2011-01-01

245

Engineering the seven habits [project management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People by Steven Covey (1989), provides an excellent framework for creating an effective engineering culture. This paper explores the seven habits specifically in the context of conducting an engineering project. Following these habits leads to results that consistently improve the chances of meeting customer expectations and achieving business objectives. This paper overviews each habit,

D. H. Holly

1998-01-01

246

Delegation: developing the habit.  

PubMed

Often, individuals take personal delegation skills for granted and assume the presence of expertise with the practice of delegation, which may not be the case. Those assumptions can be found at both ends of the process, with the manager and the employee. Every time a manager places an employee in a job and gives him or her a job description or a set of instructions, the manager has delegated. The manager has placed someone in a position to perform operations for which ultimately the manager is responsible. Delegation is both a process and a condition. The process is the act of assigning work to an employee; the condition of delegating a job is a thorough and mutual understanding between the supervisor and the employee of specific results and methods by which these results can be achieved. The condition goes far beyond the simple process of assigning a job. The point at which many managers fail in delegating is in neglecting to move past the process and take the required steps to establish a true condition of delegation. Failure to delegate is the leading cause of managers retarding their professional growth. In the case of a workaholic--someone who fails to learn the value of delegation--the job soon becomes too much, and the effectiveness of the department may suffer. By reducing the burden of technical duties and busy work, managers will find that it is possible to be more effective and actually spend more time managing. A number of the reasons why managers fail to delegate are complex and subconscious, such as insecurity, fear of competition and even fear of not being recognized for accomplishments achieved. Other reasons for failing to delegate are habit and shortages of staff members or time. Delegation is an investment in time. The eventual gain from such an investment, which may temporarily cause the department to fall further behind during a training period, outweighs the costs. The manager is the final authority in such duties as approval, recommendations and implementations. Remember that to delegate authority does not mean to delegate ultimate responsibility. Only the manager should bear the burden of responsibilities that directly affect his or her career. One of the most common mistakes in the process of delegating is to turn an employee loose on a job with inadequate instruction. Too often this is caused by lack of time. Strictly speaking, when managers assign tasks to employees, they are delegating the authority to perform the task. However, all responsibility for the completion of the task remains with the manager. In most instances, responsibility for the failure of a delegated project lies with the manager, not the employee. While some failure is to be expected, it can be minimized by proper evaluation of the situation and proper communication. Delegation is a calculated risk. The manager should be willing to take a risk to see if an employee does have the skills and ability to perform the specific task. How else will the manager ever know? Developing a strong habit of delegation will lead to development of an effective and efficient staff and department. Delegation will serve not only the organization well, but also managers throughout their careers. PMID:11499078

Duehring, G L

2001-01-01

247

Galactic Habitable Orbits  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The fossil record shows that the Earth has experienced several mass extinctions over the past 500 million years1, and it has been suggested that there is a periodicity in extinction events on timescales of tens1 and/or hundreds of millions of years. Various hypotheses have been proposed to explain the cause of the mass extinctions, including the suggestion that the Earth's ozone layer may have been destroyed by intense radiation from a nearby supernovae2- 3, exposing the Earth's surface to damaging UV radiation. Recent observations of cores taken from the ocean floor revealed atoms of a very rare isotope of iron (60Fe) believed to have arrived on Earth around 2 million years ago as fallout from a nearby supernovae4. Astronomical evidence for that past supernovae was recently found in the debris of a young cluster of massive stars5, by tracing its past orbit, putting it at the right place at the right time to explain the mild extinction event. Here we report new high-resolution (both in space and time) N-body chemodynamical simulations (carried out with our novel code GCD+6) of the evolution of a model Milky Way Galaxy, tracing the orbit of èsun-like' stars over a 500 million year period, checking the proximity to supernovae throughout the history of the orbit and comparing the times when this occurs with past mass extinctions on Earth. We additionally explain the important effects of the spiral arm pattern, radial migration of stars and Galactic chemistry on habitability.

Rahimi, A.; Mao, S.; Kawata, D.

2014-03-01

248

Managing away bad habits.  

PubMed

We've all worked with highly competent people who are held back by a seemingly fatal personality flaw. One person takes on too much work; another sees the downside in every proposed change; a third pushes people out of the way. At best, people with these "bad habits" create their own glass ceilings, which limit their success and their contributions to the company. At worst, they destroy their own careers. Although the psychological flaws of such individuals run deep, their managers are not helpless. In this article, James Waldroop and Timothy Butler--both psychologists--examine the root causes of these flaws and suggest concrete tactics they have used to help people recognize and correct the following six behavior patterns: The hero, who always pushes himself--and subordinates--too hard to do too much for too long. The meritocrat, who believes that the best ideas can and will be determined objectively and ignores the politics inherent in most situations. The bulldozer, who runs roughshod over others in a quest for power. The pessimist, who always worries about what could go wrong. The rebel, who automatically fights against authority and convention. And the home run hitter, who tries to do too much too soon--he swings for the fences before he's learned to hit singles. Helping people break through their self-created glass ceilings is the ultimate win-win scenario: both the individual and the organization are rewarded. Using the tactics introduced in this article, managers can help their brilliantly flawed performers become spectacular achievers. PMID:11143157

Waldroop, J; Butler, T

2000-01-01

249

Reading Reflections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Reading reflections are designed to encourage students to complete readings before coming to class, to reflect more deeply on the content of the reading, to make personal meaning from the meaning, and to develop their metacognitive skills for lifelong learning. The reflections consist of three questions: (1) What is the main point of the reading?, (2) What information did you find surprising? Why?, and (3) What did you find confusing? Why? Students submit short responses to two of three questions prior to coming to class. Metacognitive components of the activity Reading reflections address many elements of metacognition, including knowledge, control, and reflection. Reading reflections are designed to help students develop knowledge about themselves as learners, learning tasks (reading), prior knowledge, content, self-monitoring, self-assessment, and reflection. Metacognitive goals The primary goals of this activity are to help students develop their skills of self-assessment, and to reflect more deeply on the content of their reading assignments. Reflective thinking is an essential element of expert learners, so this activity helps students develop skills as intentional learners for lifelong learning. Assessing students' metacognition Reading reflections (n = 35 in a typical semester) count for approximately 10% of the course grade. I do not grade these reflections, but give students credit if they are turned in on time (before class) and if they clearly demonstrate significant reflection.

Wirth, Karl

250

Close Reading Exemplar: "Because of Winn-Dixie"  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The goal of this one day exemplar is to give students the opportunity to use the reading and writing habits theyâve been practicing on a regular basis to absorb deep lessons from Kate DiCamilloâs story. By reading and rereading the passage closely and focusing their reading through a series of questions and discussion about the text, students will identify how and why the three main characters became friends.

Student Achievement Partners for Just Read, Florida!

2012-09-09

251

Laughin' and Talkin' and Carryin' on: The (Highly) Verbal Remedial Reading Lab.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To help students learn important reading skills and habits and become independent learners, remedial reading laboratories should begin at the level of the student's competence, provide ample practice in reading and language skills, and provide immediate feedback and evaluation. The University of Idaho Learning Resource Center supplements the…

Driskell, Jeanette

252

The Reading of Older Americans Who View Learning as a Lifelong Activity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the reading behavior of 101 older adults enrolled in a summer "elderhostel" program offered by a small eastern college. Each subject responded to a questionnaire concerning reading habits, interests, attitudes, and motivations. Results showed that the older adults had a wide range of reading interests, including mysteries,…

Ngandu, Kathleen M.

253

Bilingual Reading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report discusses the importance of bilingual reading instruction for limited English speaking ability (LESA) students, and careful testing of their language dominance and reading levels. Bilingual students, and English- and Spanish-dominant students from the Fabens Independent School District, Grades K-13, were tested for the data reported…

Garganta, Soledad; Ramirez, Inez

254

Reading Remixed  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Critics claim that digital technologies are killing reading, but these teacher-librarians have observed that teens are as excited about reading as they ever were. Online communities give these readers opportunities to get to know authors, communicate with other fans, and learn more about books of interest. Publishers and authors are responding to…

Valenza, Joyce Kasman; Stephens, Wendy

2012-01-01

255

Archimedes, Reading, and the Sustenance of Academic Research Culture in Library Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the history of academic research, library instruction, and the role of leisure, reflection, and creativity. Suggests that these cultural elements should be introduced to undergraduates and contends that deep reading, rather than information literacy competency, cultivates these elements. Examines productivity and the faculty research…

Cain, Amanda

2002-01-01

256

Archimedes, reading, and the sustenance of academic research culture in library instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Leisure, reflection, and creativity have sustained a culture of research and scholarship throughout much of academia’s history. This article argues that these cultural elements should be introduced to the present generation of undergraduates and contends that “deep” reading, rather than information literacy competency, cultivates these elements.

Amanda Cain

2002-01-01

257

Professional Practicum Manual: Experiential Education in Recreation and Leisure Services. A Workbook for the Recreation and Leisure Studies Practicum. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The practicum experience in the field of recreation and leisure studies is an important aspect of a student's preparation for the field of recreation and leisure services. This workbook covers the requirements for everyone involved in the practicum experience: student, agency, agency supervisor, college/university, director of field placement, and…

Jewell, David L.

258

Leisure and Quality of Life in an International and Multicultural Context: What Are Major Pathways Linking Leisure to Quality of Life?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper aims at advancing the conceptualization of leisure as a contributor to quality of life (QOL) in an international and multicultural context, based on an extensive and critical review of literature on leisure and QOL from a global, international perspective. Given the central role of culture in conceptualizing this notion, this paper…

Iwasaki, Yoshitaka

2007-01-01

259

Urban Development and the Leisure Dilemma: A case study of leisure and recreation in urban residential estates in the Lower Hunter, New South Wales  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the leisure and recreation activities and experiences of people living in urban residential estates in the Lower Hunter, New South Wales. Drawing on data collected in household surveys of residents aged 14 years and over in four residential estates, this paper profiles the respondents themselves, describes their leisure preferences and activities, and explains how they felt about

John Michael Jenkins; Tamara Young

2008-01-01

260

Measurable benefits on brain activity from the practice of educational leisure  

PubMed Central

Even if behavioral studies relate leisure practices to the preservation of memory in old persons, there is unsubstantial evidence of the import of leisure on brain activity. Aim: This study was to compare the brain activity of elderly retired people who engage in different types of leisure activities. Methods: Quasi-experimental study over a sample of 60 elderly, retired subjects distributed into three groups according to the leisure activities they practised: educational leisure (G1), memory games (G2), and card games (G3). Applied measures include the conceptual distinction between free time and leisure, the test of the organization of free time measuring 24 clock divisions, and EEG register during 12 word list memorizing. Results: The results show that the type of leisure activity is associated with significant quantitative differences regarding the use of free time. G1 devotes more time to leisure activities than G2 (p = 0.007) and G3 (p = 0.034). G1 rests more actively than the other two groups (p = 0.001). The electrical localization of brain activity indicated a reverse tendency of activation according to the bands and groups. Discussion: Engaging in educational leisure activities is a useful practice to protect healthy brain compensation strategies. Future longitudinal research may verify the causal relation between practicing educational leisure activities and functional brain aging. PMID:24653699

Requena, Carmen; López, Verónica

2014-01-01

261

Breastfeeding FAQs: Your Eating and Drinking Habits  

MedlinePLUS

... Checkups: What to Expect Ebola: What to Know Breastfeeding FAQs: Your Eating and Drinking Habits KidsHealth > Parents > Growth & Development > Feeding & Eating > Breastfeeding FAQs: Your Eating and Drinking Habits Print A ...

262

[Dietary habits and cardiovascular diseases].  

PubMed

Cardiovascular diseases are a major public health problem worldwide. They are the main cause of death in industrialized countries, while the mortality associated with cardiovascular disease is increasing in less developed countries. The modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease are cigarette smoking, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes mellitus and obesity. Obesity has been recorded in 10%-25% of the population, indicating that poor or inappropriate diet is one of the most common causes of cardiovascular disease. Unhealthy dietary habits including place and way of taking meals, number of daily meals and excessive salt intake from processed foods also contribute to body mass gain. In the present study, dietary habits were assessed in cardiovascular patients versus control group by use of Dietary Habits Questionnaire. Study results showed a statistically significantly higher (P < 0.05) prevalence of inappropriate eating habits in cardiovascular patients (lower number of daily meals, more often skipping breakfast and having dinner) than in control group. In conclusion, many lifestyle and individual behavior modifications are needed in most patients with or at a high risk of cardiovascular disease. PMID:20649073

Nola, Iskra Alexandra; Doko Jelini?, Jagoda; Bergovec, Mijo; Ruzi?, Alen; Persi?, Viktor

2010-05-01

263

Drug Advertising and Health Habit  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine the effect of direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA) of drug treatment on an important health habit, physical exercise. By learning the existence of a new drug treatment via DTCA, rational consumers may become careless about maintaining healthy lifestyles. Using the National Health Insurance Survey (NHIS) and MSA-level DTCA data, we find that the DTCA related to four chronic conditions --

Toshiaki Iizuka; Ginger Zhe Jin

2005-01-01

264

Adolescents' leisure activities, parental monitoring and cigarette smoking - a cross-sectional study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Adolescent participation in leisure activities is developmentally beneficial, but certain activities may increase health compromising\\u000a behaviours, such as tobacco smoking. A limited range of leisure activities has been studied, with little research on out-of-school\\u000a settings where parental supervision is a potential protective factor. Tobacco smoking is an important, potentially modifiable\\u000a health determinant, so understanding associations between adolescent leisure activities, parental

Hui Guo; Anthony I Reeder; Rob McGee; Helen Darling

2011-01-01

265

P2P Leisure Exchange: Net Banditry and the Policing of Intellectual Property  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines P2P (file sharing) culture as a novel leisure form. P2P raises significant issues about the ownership and control of intellectual and artistic property, access and the regulation of leisure choice. The paper examines the efforts of the recording industry to suppress file?sharing technology. It examines the limitations on this strategy associated with globalized leisure culture. Following the

Chris Rojek

2005-01-01

266

The seven habits of highly defective people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Steven Covey had tremendous success with his seven habits for success in business in particular and life in general. This article takes a light-hearted, irreverent look at analyzing the habits of the people who do not have such great prosperity. Chronically less than successful people suffer from seven diseases (or habits) including: playing the victim, failure to see the bigger

Ken Matejka; Richard J. Dunsing; Bryce Walat

1998-01-01

267

Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Review, 2010  

E-print Network

Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Review, 2010 2011 Environment Report RL 13/11 Cefas contract Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Review, 2010 Shellfish consumption and intertidal occupancy review F, P., Smedley, C.A., and Ly, V.E., 2011. Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Review, 2010. RL 13

268

Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Review, 2011  

E-print Network

Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Review, 2011 2012 Environment Report RL 05/12 Cefas contract Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Review, 2011 Shellfish consumption and intertidal occupancy review F., 2012. Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Review, 2011. RL 05/12. Cefas, Lowestoft A copy can

269

Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Review, 2012  

E-print Network

Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Review, 2012 2013 Environment Report RL 04a/13 Cefas Final report Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Review, 2012 Aquatic pathways review G.P. Papworth, C.J., Ly, V.E., and Dewar, A., 2013. Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Review, 2012. RL 04a/13

270

Leisure sports consumption structure of Shenzhen citizens based on ELES model  

Microsoft Academic Search

e-mail:lyhif @163.com e-mail:shmaj924@163.com Abstract—This paper analyzes the leisure sports consumption structure of Shenzhen citizens by using the ELES model.The result shows differences of leisure sports consumption structure exist among different income groups,and the expenditures on leisure sports skills training,spectator sports and sports information are relatively lagging.The propositions are to organize various sports events,provide leisure sports services,and guide people into changing

Kexiang Wu; Yihui Liu; Huimin Song

2011-01-01

271

Technology-aided programs for assisting communication and leisure engagement of persons with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: two single-case studies.  

PubMed

Technology-aided programs for assisting communication and leisure engagement were assessed in single-case studies involving two men with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Study I involved a 51-year-old man with a virtually total loss of his motor repertoire and assessed a technology-aided program aimed at enabling him to (a) write and send out text messages and have incoming messages read to him and (b) establish videophone connections with his children (i.e., establish video contact and communicate with them). Study II involved a 66-year-old man with virtually no motor behavior and apparent depression and assessed a technology-aided program aimed at enabling him to (a) engage in leisure activities and make requests for basic needs and (b) use a low-demand messaging system. The results of both studies were highly encouraging. The participant of Study I could use the technology-aided program for effective communication and social interaction with multiple partners as well as for family interaction. The participant of Study II could use the technology-aided program for leisure engagement, requests, and basic family contacts/communication. The implications of technology for helping persons with severe ALS levels maintain an active and constructive role are discussed. PMID:22537857

Lancioni, Giulio E; Singh, Nirbhay N; O'Reilly, Mark F; Sigafoos, Jeff; Ferlisi, Gabriele; Ferrarese, Giacomina; Zullo, Valeria; Addante, Luigi M; Spica, Antonella; Oliva, Doretta

2012-01-01

272

Habitable exoplanets statistics in the Milky Way  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present an exoplanet statistical analysis into the Milky Way. We use the Becanson galactic synthetic model to simulate the Milky Way and the galactic and stellar habitable zones to calculate habitable planets. To assess habitability on the Galactic scale, we model supernova rates and planet formation. Our study, models the SNII and SNIa sterilizations by selecting them from within this preexisting stellar population. Furthermore, we consider habitability on tidally locked and non-tidally locked planets separately, and study habitability as a function of height above and below the Galactic mid-plane. The number of total habitable planets makes Milky Way practically empty of habitable planets. Our results, from these simulations, agree very well with Kepler's discoveries. Finally, we apply our results to the PLATO future space mission.

Anagnos, Th.

2013-09-01

273

Food habits of blue grouse  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The food habits of Blue Grouse vary from a simple winter diet that is made up predominantly of coniferous needles to a complex diet during the summer months, characterized by great variety of foods including green leaves, fruits and seeds, flowers, animal matter and coniferous needles. The spring and fall, which represent the transition periods between these two, are characterized by feeding habits that are generally intermediate. The diets of the two species of Blue Grouse, Dendrugapus obscurus and Dendragapus juliginosus, are quite similar as far as major types of food are concerned, but they differ considerably in the species that are taken. Such differences reflect differences in the vegetation within the ecologic and geographic ranges occupied by the two species.

Stewart, R.E.

1944-01-01

274

Internet Use and Its Impact on Engagement in Leisure Activities in China  

PubMed Central

Introduction Internet use has become an increasingly common leisure time activity among Chinese citizens. The association between Internet use and engagement in leisure activities is especially unclear among China population. This study aims to investigate Internet usage and to determine whether active Internet use is a marker for low or high levels of leisure time activities. Methods/Principal Findings With the use of a face-to-face structured questionnaire interview, a total of 2,400 respondents who met all screening requirements were surveyed to answer the questions in eight major cities in China. 66.2% (n?=?1,589) of all respondents were identified as Internet users. Of these Internet users, 30.0%, 24.1%, 26.4%, and 19.6% were clustered as “informative or instrumental users,” “entertainment users,” “communication users,” and “advanced users,” respectively. Regarding time spent on Internet use in leisure time, more than 96% reported going online in non-work situations, and 26.2% (n?=?416) were classified as “heavy Internet users.” A logistic regression analysis revealed that there were significant differences in some leisure activities between non-Internet users and Internet users, with an observed one-unit increase in the leisure time dependence category increasing the probability of engaging in mental or social activities. In contrast, Internet users were less engaged in physical exercise-related activities. In addition, advanced Internet users were generally more active in leisure time activities than non-Internet users and other types of users. Conclusion/Significance Internet use is one of very common leisure activities in Chinese citizens, and age, gender, income, and education are the key factors affecting Internet access. According to different types of leisure activities, Internet usage has different impacts on leisure activity engagement. High Internet dependence has no significant negative influence on engagement in mental or social leisure activities, but this group respondent tended to be less engaged in physical activities. PMID:24586902

Zhou, Ronggang; Fong, Patrick S. W.; Tan, Peking

2014-01-01

275

Development of a Habitable Planet  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, students investigate the origin of the elements, the process of planet formation, the evolution of life on Earth, and the conditions necessary for life as we know it. Using multimedia resources and a classroom activity, students identify and sequence the major events that caused Earth to develop into the planet we know, understand where the ingredients for Earth originated, including the conditions necessary for life, and consider the likelihood of other habitable worlds.

2005-01-01

276

Habits of highly effective dentists.  

PubMed

While stress is pervasive in the world today, and particularly in the dental office, coping strategies can counteract it. This paper discusses the personality features of the hardy dentist; the fact that stress and its effects depend largely on individual perception of stressors; and five habits to develop for stress reduction: seeking information, taking direct action, inhibiting action, engaging intrapsychic efforts and calling on others. PMID:7523616

Mazey, K A

1994-02-01

277

Reading Poverty.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The central purpose of this book is to challenge current social constructions of poverty, reading education, and the putative relationship between the two. It explores how official and popular representations of poverty are bound to specific historical, social, and economic conditions of their own production. The book offers four stances of…

Shannon, Patrick

278

The Relationship between Social Leisure and Life Satisfaction: Causality and Policy Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social leisure is generally found to be positively correlated with life satisfaction in the empirical literature. We ask if this association captures a genuine causal effect by using panel data from the GSOEP. Our identification strategy exploits the change in social leisure brought about by retirement, since the latter is an event after which the…

Becchetti, Leonardo; Giachin Ricca, Elena; Pelloni, Alessandra

2012-01-01

279

The Relationship between Attitude toward Physical Education and Leisure-Time Exercise in High School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated the relationship between U.S. and Taiwanese high school students' attitudes toward physical education and leisure time exercise, noting the influence of nationality and gender. Student surveys indicated significant relationships between attitudes toward physical education and leisure time exercise, regardless of nationality or gender.…

Chung, Min-hau; Phillips, D. Allen

2002-01-01

280

Relationships between Leisure Participation and Quality of Life of People with Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Studies of people with developmental disabilities suggest that participation in leisure activities might be a key factor for good quality of life. This study explores the relationships between objective and subjective quality of life and leisure participation of adults with developmental disabilities. Materials and Methods: A…

Badia, Marta; Orgaz, María Begoña; Verdugo, Miguel Á.; Ullán, Ana M.; Martínez, Magdalena

2013-01-01

281

Peer Groups and Substance Use: Examining the Direct and Interactive Effect of Leisure Activity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the relationships among adolescent leisure activities, peer behavior, and substance use. We suggest that peer group interaction can have a differential effect on adolescent deviant behavior depending on the type of leisure pattern adolescents engage in. We analyze data from a representative national sample of Icelandic…

Thorlindsson, Thorolfur; Bernburg, Jon Gunnar

2006-01-01

282

Study of online leisure activities—Exemplified by shopping online without initial intention  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the development of information technology, people are increasingly making use of the Internet for their communication, consumption and leisure activities. Although the online consumer activities such as online purchasing, online communication have been the center topic for researchers, the study of online leisure activities (OLA) is not well developed. In this article, the author analyzes the characteristics of the

Cheng Cheng; Yang Xuecheng

2010-01-01

283

Labouring for leisure? Achieving work-life balance through compressed working weeks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Flexible work practices spreading work times across the entire week have reduced the time to engage in leisure activities and for some have compounded the problem of a lack of defined break between work weeks. This study examines time spent outside of the workplace through a multiple case study of working time and leisure in the construction industry. A framework

Kerry Brown; Lisa Bradley; Helen Lingard; Keith Townsend; Sharine Ling

2011-01-01

284

An E-Portfolio for Leisure Sciences Students: A Case Study at Edith Cowan University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The benefits of an electronic portfolio as an educational tool, as well as a career tool, for leisure sciences students are discussed, and concerns with electronic portfolio implementation are raised. This paper also outlines briefly the prototype of the e-Portfolio developed for leisure sciences students. Responses from student evaluations…

Colyer, Sue; Howell, Julie

2004-01-01

285

Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction in Leisure Activities and Adolescents' Life Satisfaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Participation in leisure activities is an important arena for the positive psychological development of adolescents. The present study set out to examine the relationship between adolescents' satisfaction of the psychological needs for competence, relatedness, and autonomy in their participation in leisure activities and their perceived life…

Leversen, Ingrid; Danielsen, Anne G.; Birkeland, Marianne S.; Samdal, Oddrun

2012-01-01

286

Neighbourhood safety and leisure-time physical activity among Dutch adults: a multilevel perspective  

PubMed Central

Background Several neighbourhood elements have been found to be related to leisure-time walking and cycling. However, the association with neighbourhood safety remains unclear. This study aimed to assess the association of neighbourhood-level safety with leisure-time walking and cycling among Dutch adults. Methods Data were derived from the national health survey (POLS) 2006–2009, with valid data on 20046 respondents residing in 2127 neighbourhoods. Multilevel logistic regression models were used to examine the association between neighbourhood-level safety (general safety and specific safety components: physical disorder, social disorder, crime-related fear, traffic safety) and residents’ engagement in outdoor leisure-time walking and cycling for at least 30 minutes per week. Results An increase in neighbourhood safety (both general safety and each of the safety components) was significantly associated with an increase in leisure-time cycling participation. Associations were strongest for general safety and among older women. In the general population, neighbourhood safety was not significantly associated with leisure-time walking. However, among younger and older adult men and lower educated individuals, an increase in general safety was associated with a decrease in leisure-time walking participation. Conclusions In the Netherlands, neighbourhood safety appears to be related to leisure-time cycling but not to walking. Leisure-time cycling may best be encouraged by improving different safety components at once, rather than focusing on one safety aspect such as traffic safety. Special attention is needed for older women. PMID:23356476

2013-01-01

287

Leadership Behaviour of College Students in Relation to Their Leisure Time Activities in College Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study investigated the Leadership behaviour of college students in relation to their Leisure time activities in college life. In this study, the researcher wants to see the contribution of leisure time activities in developing the qualities of leadership of college students. The main objective of the study was to find out the relationship…

Sethi, Priyanka

2009-01-01

288

Teaching Leisure Skills to an Adult with Developmental Disabilities Using a Video Prompting Intervention Package  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study used a video prompting plus least-to-most prompting treatment package to teach a 35-year-old Caucasian man with Down Syndrome three leisure skills. Each leisure skill was task analyzed and the researchers created brief videos depicting the completion of individual steps. Using a multiple probe across behaviors design, the video…

Chan, Jeffrey Michael; Lambdin, Lindsay; Van Laarhoven, Toni; Johnson, Jesse W.

2013-01-01

289

Reciprocal Relationships between Value Orientation and Motivational Interference during Studying and Leisure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Motivational interference is defined as the amount of impairment in a target activity due to the incentives of a non-chosen attractive alternative. The amount to which pupils experience motivational interference while studying or while performing a leisure activity in a school-leisure conflict situation is seen as depending on the…

Hofer, Manfred; Schmid, Sebastian; Fries, Stefan; Kilian, Britta; Kuhnle, Claudia

2010-01-01

290

77 FR 63801 - Aqua-Leisure Industries, Inc., Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Products contained a defect that could create a substantial product...unreasonable risk of serious injury or death, Aqua Leisure...the Agreement is a full and complete...Leisure, and its parents, shareholders...successors and assigns of all claims...

2012-10-17

291

Increasing Diversity among Students in Recreation, Parks, and Leisure Studies Curricula: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a case study on the recruitment and retention of students from underrepresented minority groups into recreation, parks, and leisure studies programs. Strategies that can be implemented by other recreation and leisure studies departments are outlined, which include: develop mentor programs, provide student funding, connect students to role…

Bedini, Leandra A.; Stone, Charlsena F.; Phoenix, Terri L.

2000-01-01

292

Excerpts from "Position Statement on Physical Fitness and Activity in the Context of Leisure Education."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a position statement designed to inform governments, non-governmental organizations, and education institutions about the significance and benefits of physical activity for all and establish a clear relationship between physical activity and leisure education. The statement includes specific recommendations for leisure education and…

Ruskin, Hilleil

2002-01-01

293

Leisure Time in Modern Societies: A New Source of Boredom and Stress?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increase in leisure time over the last century is well documented. We know much less, however, about the quality of the use of leisure time. Quite divergent predictions exist in this regard: Some authors have argued that the new, extensive free time will lead to new forms of time pressure and stress; others have foreseen an expansion of…

Haller, Max; Hadler, Markus; Kaup, Gerd

2013-01-01

294

Adaptation and Validation of the Spanish Version of the Leisure Assessment Inventory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Participation"--defined as engagement in life situations, including leisure and recreational activities--is associated with the improvement of people with disabilities' quality of life. Several specific instruments assess leisure, but none of them has been adapted to the Spanish context. The goal of this study is to adapt and validate the Spanish…

Badia, Marta; Orgaz-Baz, M. Begona; Verdugo, Miguel-Angel; Martinez-Aguirre, M. Magdalena; Longo-Araujo-de-Melo, Egmar; Ullan-de-la-Fuente, Ana M.

2012-01-01

295

Social Transformation: The Value of Traditional Leisure Culture of China Revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the 5000-year-long history of China, leisure has played an important role in passing on Confucian, Daoist, and Buddhist culture. However, for more than a century now, with Chinese society undergoing several great social transformations, China's tradition of leisure culture has been mutilated more and more and has fallen into disorder. Since the 1980s, especially, Chinese society has entered a

Ma Huidi; Liu Er

2009-01-01

296

The ethics of play, leisure, and recreation in the twentieth century, 1900–1983  

Microsoft Academic Search

The association between play, leisure, recreation, value, and free choice leads to the problem of ethics. The purpose of this study was to describe the absolute ultimate end (the highest good) and its relation to play, leisure, and recreation in the twentieth century. This problem was approached by perusing literature from the period 1900 through 1983. Writers were organized by

Charles D. Sylvester

1987-01-01

297

The Sociology of Women's Leisure and Physical Recreation: Constraints and Opportunities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study of women's leisure experiences is based on a random survey of 700 Sheffield women, supplemented by interviews with groups of women and their men partners. Both women's and men's access to free time and leisure opportunities are structured by similar factors, such as their work and domestic situation, social class and income level, age and ethnic group. However

Diana Woodward; Eileen Green; Sandra Hebron

1989-01-01

298

Contributions of leisure studies and recreation and park management research to the active living agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the fields of leisure studies and recreation and parks were founded on addressing health and wellness needs of people, only recently have these needs been addressed by major, systematic research efforts. This paper examines the origins of leisure studies and the study of recreation behavior and park use and their potential contribution to active living research. Over the past

Geoffrey C. Godbey; Linda L. Caldwell; Myron Floyd; Laura L. Payne

2005-01-01

299

Effects of a Leisure Programme on Quality of Life and Stress of Individuals with ASD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Even though there is research demonstrating a positive relationship between leisure participation and the two constructs of quality of life and stress reduction, current conceptualisation of leisure as a contributor to quality of life is limited. In addition, in spite of improvements in accurate diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder…

Garcia-Villamisar, D. A.; Dattilo, J.

2010-01-01

300

Current aspects of hearing loss from occupational and leisure noise  

PubMed Central

Hearing loss from occupational and leisure noise numbers amongst the most frequent causes of an acquired sensorineural hearing loss. Here we present a review of up-to-date findings on the pathophysiology of acoustic injury to the inner ear, with special attention being paid to its molecular-biological and genetic aspects. Epidemiological aspects shall also be dealt with, as shall the roles of lacking recovery from occupational noise due to additional exposure by leisure noise and the combined exposure of noise and chemicals. Based on the epidemiological and pathophysiological findings and against the background of published animal-experimental, pre-clinical and clinical findings, the various approaches for prevention, protection and therapeutic intervention with acoustic trauma are discussed. Pharmacological strategies involving anti-oxidative, anti-excitotoxic and anti-apoptotic substances as well as non-pharmacological strategies like "sound conditioning" are given attention. Furthermore, systemic and local substance application as well as the therapy of acute acoustic trauma and chronic hearing problems (including modern therapy forms for comorbidities such as tinnitus) shall be delved into. PMID:22073048

Plontke, S.; Zenner, H.-P.

2004-01-01

301

Antioxidant vitamin intake and mortality: the leisure world cohort study.  

PubMed

To assess the relationship between antioxidant vitamin intake and all-cause mortality in older adults, we examined these associations using data from the Leisure World Cohort Study, a prospective study of residents of the Leisure World retirement community in Laguna Hills, California. In the early 1980s, participants (who were aged 44-101 years) completed a postal survey, which included details on use of vitamin supplements and dietary intake of foods containing vitamins A and C. Age-adjusted and multivariate-adjusted (for factors related to mortality in this cohort-smoking, alcohol intake, caffeine consumption, exercise, body mass index, and histories of hypertension, angina, heart attack, stroke, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, and cancer) hazard ratios for death were calculated using Cox regression for 8,640 women and 4,983 men (median age at entry, 74 years). During follow-up (1981-2013), 13,104 participants died (median age at death, 88 years). Neither dietary nor supplemental intake of vitamin A or vitamin C nor supplemental intake of vitamin E was significantly associated with mortality after multivariate adjustment. A compendium that summarizes previous findings of cohort studies evaluating vitamin intake and mortality is provided. Attenuation in the observed associations between mortality and antioxidant vitamin use after adjustment for confounders in our study and in previous studies suggests that such consumption identifies persons with other mortality-associated lifestyle and health risk factors. PMID:25550360

Paganini-Hill, Annlia; Kawas, Claudia H; Corrada, María M

2015-01-15

302

Parent-adolescent joint projects involving leisure time and activities during the transition to high school.  

PubMed

Leisure research to date has generally overlooked planning and organizing of leisure time and activities between parents and adolescents. This investigation examined how a sample of Canadian adolescents and their parents jointly constructed and acted on goals related to adolescents' leisure time during the move from elementary to high school. Using the Qualitative Action-Project Method, data were collected over an 8-10 month period from 26 parent-adolescent dyads located in two urban sites, through video-taped conversations about leisure time, video recall interviews, and telephone monitoring interviews. Analysis of the data revealed that the joint projects of the 26 dyads could be grouped into three clusters: a) governance transfer or attempts to shift, from parent to adolescent, responsibility over academic demands, organizing leisure time, and safety with peers, b) balancing extra-curricular activities with family life, academics, and social activities, and c) relationship adjustment or maintenance. PMID:25134071

Marshall, Sheila K; Young, Richard A; Wozniak, Agnieszka; Lollis, Susan; Tilton-Weaver, Lauree; Nelson, Margo; Goessling, Kristen

2014-10-01

303

The Use of an iPad2 as a Leisure Activity for a Student with Multiple Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Participation in preferred leisure activities is intrinsically motivating and satisfying. Many individuals with and without disabilities enjoy informal leisure activities, such as watching movies, listening to music, shopping, and going out to eat (Dattilo, Estrella, Light, McNaughton, & Seabury, 2008). Sometimes leisure activities are provided to…

Helps, Dawn H.; Herzberg, Tina S.

2013-01-01

304

Changes in Participation in Leisure and Outdoor Recreation Activities Among Hong Kong People during the SARS outbreak  

Microsoft Academic Search

Involvement in leisure can be hampered by health concerns. The onset of the severe acute respiratory syndrome (a.k.a atypical pneumonia) epidemic in Hong Kong interfered with the daily life of the people, a large part of which involved leisure and recreation. Ordinarily, common leisure activities include shopping, dining, hanging out in the shopping malls, as well as numerous other pursuits.

Lawal M. Marafa; Fung Tung

2004-01-01

305

Summer Reading  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Summer is a great time to kick back with a good book. Try The Bailey School Kids Series... it\\'s Great! Bailey School Kids Jan Brett is my favorite artist. It takes longer to look at the pictures than it does to read the book. But it\\'s worth it. Jan Brett I love Bunnicula, almost as much as I love Harold. Find out ...

Roner, Mrs.

2005-03-31

306

7 habits of highly effective.  

PubMed

There is a pressing need for psychiatric nurse authors to write about their professional image as well as issues they face in clinical practice. In this article, two psychiatric nurses describe how using Covey's The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People: Powerful Lessons in Personal Change can serve as a framework for increasing writing productivity. In addition, the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator can increase awareness of and appreciation for the strengths and differences in each author's writing style. Using these tools, writing can become a process of discovery. PMID:20102131

McGuinness, Teena M; McElroy, Ellen

2010-01-01

307

Radiological Habits Survey: Hinkley Point, 2010  

E-print Network

Radiological Habits Survey: Hinkley Point, 2010 2011 Environment Report RL 01/11 Cefas contract Radiological Habits Survey: Hinkley Point, 2010 F.J. Clyne, C.J. Garrod, P. Rumney, L.M. Hughes and V.E. Ly be cited as: Clyne, F.C., Garrod, C.J., Rumney, P., Hughes, L.M., and Ly, V.E., 2011. Radiological Habits

308

The habitable zone and extreme planetary orbits.  

PubMed

The habitable zone for a given star describes the range of circumstellar distances from the star within which a planet could have liquid water on its surface, which depends upon the stellar properties. Here we describe the development of the habitable zone concept, its application to our own solar system, and its subsequent application to exoplanetary systems. We further apply this to planets in extreme eccentric orbits and show how they may still retain life-bearing properties depending upon the percentage of the total orbit which is spent within the habitable zone. Key Words: Extrasolar planets-Habitable zone-Astrobiology. PMID:23035897

Kane, Stephen R; Gelino, Dawn M

2012-10-01

309

Space station group activities habitability module study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This study explores and analyzes architectural design approaches for the interior of the Space Station Habitability Module (originally defined as Habitability Module 1 in Space Station Reference Configuration Decription, JSC-19989, August 1984). In the Research Phase, architectural program and habitability design guidelines are specified. In the Schematic Design Phase, a range of alternative concepts is described and illustrated with drawings, scale-model photographs and design analysis evaluations. Recommendations are presented on the internal architectural, configuration of the Space Station Habitability Module for such functions as the wardroom, galley, exercise facility, library and station control work station. The models show full design configurations for on-orbit performance.

Nixon, David

1986-01-01

310

Reading Space into Numbers--A Cross-Linguistic Comparison of the SNARC Effect  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Small numbers are spontaneously associated with left space and larger numbers with right space (the SNARC effect), for example when classifying numbers by parity. This effect is often attributed to reading habits but a causal link has so far never been documented. We report that bilingual Russian-Hebrew readers show a SNARC effect after reading

Shaki, Samuel; Fischer, Martin H.

2008-01-01

311

iREAP: Improving Reading, Writing, and Thinking in the Wired Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that the REAP system (Read, Encode, Annotate, Ponder) improves reading, writing, and thinking. Describes how the "i" in iREAP represents its currency and connection to Internet community building. Presents applications to help students internalize REAP "spectrum thinking," or thinking from different perspectives, so that it becomes a habit

Manzo, Anthony; Manzo, Ula; Albee, Julie Jackson

2002-01-01

312

Dietary habits and esophageal cancer.  

PubMed

Cancer of the esophagus is an underestimated, poorly understood, and changing disease. Its overall 5-year survival is less than 20%, even in the United States, which is largely a function of a delay in diagnosis until its more advanced stages. Additionally, the epidemiologic complexities of esophageal cancer are vast, rendering screening and prevention limited at best. First, the prevalence of esophageal cancer is unevenly distributed throughout the world. Second, the two histological forms (squamous cell and adenocarcinoma) vary in terms of their geographic prevalence and associated risk factors. Third, some populations appear at particular risk for esophageal cancer. And fourth, the incidence of esophageal cancer is in continuous flux among groups. Despite the varied prevalence and risks among populations, some factors have emerged as consistent associations while others are only now becoming more fully recognized. The most prominent, scientifically supported, and long-regarded risk factors for esophageal cancer are tobacco, alcohol, and reflux esophagitis. Inasmuch as the above are regarded as important risk factors for esophageal cancer, they are not the sole contributors. Dietary habits, nutrition, local customs, and the environment may be contributory. Along these lines, vitamins, minerals, fruits, vegetables, meats, fats, salted foods, nitrogen compounds, carcinogens, mycotoxins, and even the temperature of what we consume are increasingly regarded as potential etiologies for this deadly although potentially preventable disease. The goal of this review is to shed light on the less known role of nutrition and dietary habits in esophageal cancer. PMID:23795778

Palladino-Davis, A G; Mendez, B M; Fisichella, P M; Davis, C S

2015-01-01

313

TIDAL LIMITS TO PLANETARY HABITABILITY  

SciTech Connect

The habitable zones (HZs) of main-sequence stars have traditionally been defined as the range of orbits that intercept the appropriate amount of stellar flux to permit surface water on a planet. Terrestrial exoplanets discovered to orbit M stars in these zones, which are close-in due to decreased stellar luminosity, may also undergo significant tidal heating. Tidal heating may span a wide range for terrestrial exoplanets and may significantly affect conditions near the surface. For example, if heating rates on an exoplanet are near or greater than that on Io (where tides drive volcanism that resurfaces the planet at least every 1 Myr) and produce similar surface conditions, then the development of life seems unlikely. On the other hand, if the tidal heating rate is less than the minimum to initiate plate tectonics, then CO{sub 2} may not be recycled through subduction, leading to a runaway greenhouse that sterilizes the planet. These two cases represent potential boundaries to habitability and are presented along with the range of the traditional HZ for main-sequence, low-mass stars. We propose a revised HZ that incorporates both stellar insolation and tidal heating. We apply these criteria to GJ 581 d and find that it is in the traditional HZ, but its tidal heating alone may be insufficient for plate tectonics.

Barnes, Rory [Department of Astronomy, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195-1580 (United States); Jackson, Brian; Greenberg, Richard [Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Raymond, Sean N. [Virtual Planetary Laboratory (United States)

2009-07-20

314

Dynamical habitability of planetary systems.  

PubMed

The problem of the stability of planetary systems, a question that concerns only multiplanetary systems that host at least two planets, is discussed. The problem of mean motion resonances is addressed prior to discussion of the dynamical structure of the more than 350 known planets. The difference with regard to our own Solar System with eight planets on low eccentricity is evident in that 60% of the known extrasolar planets have orbits with eccentricity e > 0.2. We theoretically highlight the studies concerning possible terrestrial planets in systems with a Jupiter-like planet. We emphasize that an orbit of a particular nature only will keep a planet within the habitable zone around a host star with respect to the semimajor axis and its eccentricity. In addition, some results are given for individual systems (e.g., Gl777A) with regard to the stability of orbits within habitable zones. We also review what is known about the orbits of planets in double-star systems around only one component (e.g., gamma Cephei) and around both stars (e.g., eclipsing binaries). PMID:20307181

Dvorak, Rudolf; Pilat-Lohinger, Elke; Bois, Eric; Schwarz, Richard; Funk, Barbara; Beichman, Charles; Danchi, William; Eiroa, Carlos; Fridlund, Malcolm; Henning, Thomas; Herbst, Tom; Kaltenegger, Lisa; Lammer, Helmut; Léger, Alain; Liseau, René; Lunine, Jonathan; Paresce, Francesco; Penny, Alan; Quirrenbach, Andreas; Röttgering, Huub; Selsis, Frank; Schneider, Jean; Stam, Daphne; Tinetti, Giovanna; White, Glenn J

2010-01-01

315

Reading for Meaning: A Guided Reading Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a whole-language approach to teaching guided reading to deaf students. Each morning, a written letter, using vocabulary and syntax in accordance with students' reading ability, previews the day's events. With teacher guidance, students explore their reading skills in groups to encourage application of reading strategies in a natural…

Malik, Stephanie

1996-01-01

316

Reading Together: A Successful Reading Fluency Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article describes a reading fluency intervention called Reading Together that combines the method of repeated readings (Samuels, 1979) and the Neurological Impress Method (Heckelman, 1969). Sixteen volunteers from various backgrounds were recruited and trained to deliver the Reading Together intervention to struggling readers in third through…

Young, Chase; Mohr, Kathleen A. J.; Rasinski, Timothy

2015-01-01

317

Extensive Reading Quizzes and Reading Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Extensive reading (ER) has become a common feature of many English as a second or foreign language (ESL/EFL) programs. There is evidence that reading large amounts of easy, interesting material may improve foreign language skills, most notably in vocabulary, reading rates, and overall proficiency. However, teacher evaluation of extensive reading

Stoeckel, Tim; Reagan, Nevitt; Hann, Fergus

2012-01-01

318

Pleasure Reading and Reading Rate Gains  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effects of (a) the amount of pleasure reading completed, (b) the type of texts read (i.e., simplified or unsimplified books), and (c) the level of simplified texts read by 14 Japanese university students who made the largest reading rate gains over one academic year. The findings indicated that the participants who made…

Beglar, David; Hunt, Alan

2014-01-01

319

LAZER, CULTURA E EDUCAÇÃO FÍSICA: POSSIBILIDADES DIALÓGICAS NO ESPAÇO ESCOLA-COMUNIDADE LEISURE, CULTURE AND PHYSICAL EDUCATION: DIALOGICAL OPPORTUNITIES IN THE AREA SCHOOL COMMUNITY  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reflects on leisure in school, analyzing events of community culture and its relationship to traditional pedagogy and suggests further discussions on the concept of leisure factor as opposed to work, the hegemonic vision. Study of a qualitative nature, descriptive, which examines the contrast of leisure time as defined by Marx, from the treatment given to leisure and physical

MARIA CECÍLIA DE PAULA; E SILVA

320

Hierarchy of stroking habits at the typewriter  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studied the typing stroking habits of 82 high school students, 103 college undergraduates, and 5 faculty members and secretaries at skill levels ranging between 10 and 114 words\\/min (wpm) in order to identify the habits that account for skill and locate the skill levels at which significant changes in stroking occur. Ss typed (using 3-min timings) a series of materials

Leonard J. West; Yitzchak Sabban

1982-01-01

321

Radiological Habits Survey: Cumbrian coast beach occupancy,  

E-print Network

Radiological Habits Survey: Cumbrian coast beach occupancy, 2009 2010 Cefas contract report C3635 Environment Report RL 01/10 #12;1 Environment Report RL 01/10 Radiological Habits Survey: Cumbrian coast beach. Survey area 9 Map 1 The Cumbrian coast beach occupancy survey area 10 3.1 General observations 11 3

322

Tides and the Evolution of Planetary Habitability  

E-print Network

Tides raised on a planet by its host star's gravity can reduce a planet's orbital semi-major axis and eccentricity. This effect is only relevant for planets orbiting very close to their host stars. The habitable zones of low-mass stars are also close-in and tides can alter the orbits of planets in these locations. We calculate the tidal evolution of hypothetical terrestrial planets around low-mass stars and show that tides can evolve planets past the inner edge of the habitable zone, sometimes in less than 1 billion years. This migration requires large eccentricities (>0.5) and low-mass stars (<0.35 M_Sun). Such migration may have important implications for the evolution of the atmosphere, internal heating and the Gaia hypothesis. Similarly, a planet detected interior to the habitable zone could have been habitable in the past. We consider the past habitability of the recently-discovered, ~5 M_Earth planet, Gliese 581 c. We find that it could have been habitable for reasonable choices of orbital and physical properties as recently as 2 Gyr ago. However, when we include constraints derived from the additional companions, we see that most parameter choices that predict past habitability require the two inner planets of the system to have crossed their mutual 3:1 mean motion resonance. As this crossing would likely have resulted in resonance capture, which is not observed, we conclude that Gl 581 c was probably never habitable.

Rory Barnes; Sean N. Raymond; Brian Jackson; Richard Greenberg

2008-07-04

323

Habits of Study and Test Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study habits inventory was administered to ninth- and tenth-grade students. The data were factor-analyzed to yield three constituents of study practices: distractibility, compulsiveness, and inquisitiveness. These factors satisfactorily replicated factors found in previous research and accounted for over 50% of the total variation of the items in the inventory. Tests of hypothesized relationships between habits of study and test

Thomas H. Estes; Herbert C. Richards

1985-01-01

324

Close Reading Exemplar: "The Great Fire"  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The goal of this three day exemplar is to give students the opportunity to use the reading and writing habits they’ve been practicing on a regular basis to explore the historic Great Fire of Chicago. By reading and rereading the passage closely combined with classroom discussion about it, students will explore the historical truths related to poverty, city construction, and city services that led to the disaster. In this reading, students learn about historical disasters, but they may not fully comprehend causes or how human actions, nature, or even luck contributed to them, rendering history a flat subject to be memorized rather than explored. When combined with writing about the passage and teacher feedback, students will better understand the dangers inherent in cities and the government role in mitigating that danger.

Student Achievement Partners for Just Read, Florida!

2012-09-08

325

Habitability and Life - an Overview  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Abstract The search for habitable planets has seen a significant boost, since much effort was invested into development of newer and more powerful techniques of detecting such planetary bodies. This search is fuelled by the interest that is sparked by its help in answering the bigger question of the origin of life on Earth and its abundance in the universe. Traditionally a planetary body has been deemed habitable when it provides conditions under which water is liquid. This led to the formulation of a habitable zone across stars, in which liquid water can exist. [1] Liquid water remains to this day the single most important feature in the search for life. There have been various suggestions of life being present in waterless environments like liquid hydrocarbons or even liquid ammonia, but how exactly a living system under such conditions might work, no one can satisfactorily explain. [2] A very important point in this context that is not often raised is that while water might be a favourable medium in which to live and certainly a major constituent of all living organism we know of, water alone is not alive and it will not spontaneously evolve into life. It would thus seem that apart from the presence of liquid water there a number of other, minor, necessary ingredients to life that determine whether a planet is habitable (meaning capable of sustaining life) or whether it is also capable of providing the starting grounds for the evolution of living systems. These other ingredients are determined by the minimum requirements of life itself. They include the molecular components of the most primitive encasing of an organism, the most primitive molecules needed for something like a metabolism and the most primitive way of storing information. [3] In addition to these molecular components, life must be able to utilise a source of energy to drive chemical reactions. Observations of various extremophiles on Earth utilising all kinds disequilibria suggest that these can be very diverse. The exact nature of these other ingredients, their possible presence and history of formation and their impact for the formation and evolution of life will be discussed for several different types of habitats all across the regime in which liquid water can be found, such as very dry and cold bodies like Mars, hot bodies like Venus, bodies covered completely in water or bodies with subsurface oceans. References [1] Kasting J.F., Whitmire D.P., Reynolds R.T., (1993) Icarus 101(1), 108-128 [2] Benner S.A., Ricardo A., Carrigan M.A. (2004) Curr Opin Chem Biol 8(6), 672-689 [3] Ruiz-Mirazo K., Peretó J., Moreno A., (2004) OLEB 34(3), 323-346 EPSC Abstracts, Vol. 3, EPSC2008-A-00039, 2008 European Planetary Science Congress, Author(s) 2008

Bredehöft, J. H.

2008-09-01

326

Habitable planets with high obliquities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Earth's obliquity would vary chaotically from 0 degrees to 85 degrees were it not for the presence of the Moon (J. Laskar, F. Joutel, and P. Robutel, 1993, Nature 361, 615-617). The Moon itself is thought to be an accident of accretion, formed by a glancing blow from a Mars-sized planetesimal. Hence, planets with similar moons and stable obliquities may be extremely rare. This has lead Laskar and colleagues to suggest that the number of Earth-like planets with high obliquities and temperate, life-supporting climates may be small. To test this proposition, we have used an energy-balance climate model to simulate Earth's climate at obliquities up to 90 degrees. We show that Earth's climate would become regionally severe in such circumstances, with large seasonal cycles and accompanying temperature extremes on middle- and high-latitude continents which might be damaging to many forms of life. The response of other, hypothetical, Earth-like planets to large obliquity fluctuations depends on their land-sea distribution and on their position within the habitable zone (HZ) around their star. Planets with several modest-sized continents or equatorial supercontinents are more climatically stable than those with polar supercontinents. Planets farther out in the HZ are less affected by high obliquities because their atmospheres should accumulate CO2 in response to the carbonate-silicate cycle. Dense, CO2-rich atmospheres transport heat very effectively and therefore limit the magnitude of both seasonal cycles and latitudinal temperature gradients. We conclude that a significant fraction of extrasolar Earth-like planets may still be habitable, even if they are subject to large obliquity fluctuations.

Williams, D. M.; Kasting, J. F.

1997-01-01

327

Nutritional habits and motivations to eat after a palatable pre-load  

Microsoft Academic Search

A representative sample of college students was surveyed about nutritional habits and motivations to eat. Females were more\\u000a likely to report dieting, being overweight, reading nutritional labels, eating healthy meals, as well as hungering for and\\u000a consuming lower fat foods compared to males. Males reported a greater hunger for and consumption of candy bars compared to\\u000a females. Thus, females may

Michael E. Oakes; Carole S. Slotterback

2000-01-01

328

A Computer in Every Home: Implications for Future Recreation and Leisure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Computers have the potential to positively affect lifestyles by influencing recreational activities and leisure time. Games, educational software, and telecommunications offer challenge and relaxation. The computer can help save time that can be used for recreational purposes. (DF)

Henderson, Karla; Bialeschki, M. Deborah

1984-01-01

329

Was Bob Seger Right? Relation Between Boredom in Leisure and [Risky] Sex  

PubMed Central

This article examines the association between boredom in leisure and risky sexual behaviors among South African youth (N = 1695) using longitudinal data. We hypothesized that youth who were higher on boredom in leisure at the end of ninth grade would be more likely to report engaging in risky sexual behaviors at the beginning of tenth grade. Chi-square results indicate youth, especially male youth who experience high levels of leisure boredom in ninth grade, are more likely to engage in risky sexual behaviors in tenth grade. These findings have implications for prevention programs that aim to delay sexual initiation, reduce sexual risk behaviors, and decrease the transmission of HIV and AIDS. The findings support the need for additional research on how the reduction of leisure boredom may be a potential target for reducing sexual risk among youth.

MILLER, JACQUELINE A.; CALDWELL, LINDA L.; WEYBRIGHT, ELIZABETH H.; SMITH, EDWARD A.; VERGNANI, TANIA; WEGNER, LISA

2015-01-01

330

Managing inland water for leisure and recreation — an example from Southern England  

Microsoft Academic Search

The private enterprise development of a series of disused gravel pits, situated just 20 miles from the centre of London, into an attractive and commercially viable theme park for leisure and recreation is described.

Derek M. Oliver

1985-01-01

331

Determinants of Intensity of Participation in Leisure and Recreational Activities by Youth With Cerebral Palsy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Palisano RJ, Orlin M, Chiarello LA, Oeffinger D, Polansky M, Maggs J, Gorton G, Bagley A, Tylkowski C, Vogel L, Abel M, Stevenson R. Determinants of intensity of participation in leisure and recreational activities by youth with cerebral palsy.

Robert J. Palisano; Margo Orlin; Lisa A. Chiarello; Donna Oeffinger; Marcy Polansky; Jill Maggs; George Gorton; Anita Bagley; Chester Tylkowski; Lawrence Vogel; Mark Abel; Richard Stevenson

2011-01-01

332

Breaking the constraints of women's leisure: designing recreational facilities for use by women  

E-print Network

and her evaluations of these outcomes. Attitude toward the behavior The person's behefs that specific mdimduals or groups should not perform the behavior and her motivation to comply with the specific referents. Rclsnve snportsnce of auttodntat... is created. (9) Possible Solutions According to most researchers, the best solution for overcoming the constraints of women's leisure would be to change people's attitudes towards women. Many researchers would be happy to see women's leisure recognized...

Kiker, Dena L

1995-01-01

333

Corrective Reading. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is primarily for the in-service teacher and discusses specific practices required in corrective reading. Some of the chapters and topics include: "Appraising Reading Problems in the Classroom," which discusses steps in remedial reading, the teacher's role, causes of reading failure, characteristics of a good reading program, and the…

Zintz, Miles V.

334

Reading Consultant's Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook contains brief essays concerning aspects of reading and reading skills, activities designed to promote those skills, and biographies of reading specialists. The first section of the handbook discusses reading readiness, word recognition, word analysis, word meaning, comprehension, and content area reading. After discussion of each…

Bourgeois, Penny, Comp.; And Others

335

Association between Sleep Disturbances and Leisure Activities in the Elderly: A Comparison between Men and Women  

PubMed Central

It has been suggested that physical or social activity is associated with fewer sleep disturbances among elderly people. Women report more sleep disturbances than men, which could indicate a variation in activity patterns between the genders. The aim of this study was to investigate associations between sleep disturbances and leisure activities in men and women (n = 945) aged ?60 years in a Swedish population. Sleep disturbances were measured using eight dichotomous questions and seventeen variables, covering a wide range of leisure activities. Few leisure activities were found to be associated with sleep disturbances and their importance decreased when the models were adjusted for confounders and gender interactions. After clustering the leisure activities and investigating individual activities, sociointellectual activities were shown to be significant for sleep. However, following adjustment for confounders and gender interactions, home maintenance was the only activity significant for sleep. Being a female increased the effect of home maintenance. Besides those leisure activities, poor/fair self-rated health (OR 7.50, CI: 4.27–11.81) and being female (OR 4.86, CI: 2.75–8.61) were found to have the highest association with poor sleep. Leisure activities pursued by elderly people should focus on activities of a sociointellectual nature, especially among women, to promote sleep. PMID:24575303

Hellström, Amanda; Hellström, Patrik; Fagerström, Cecilia

2014-01-01

336

Habitability from a microbial point of view  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We examine here the definition of habitability from the point of view of primitive, anaerobic microorganisms noting that the conditions of habitability are different for the appearance of life, for established life, and for life in dormant mode [1]. Habitability in this sense is clearly distinguished from the 'prebiotic world' that precedes the appearance of life. The differences in the conditions of habitability necessary for life to appear, for life to flourish and for dormant life entrain differences in spatial and temporal scales of habitability. For the origin of life, the ingredients carbon molecules, water, nutrients and energy need to be present on time scales applicable for the origin of life (105 to a few 106 y ?), necessitating the spatial scales of a minimum of ~100 km. Established life can take advantage of short-lived habitats (hours, days) to much longer lived ones on spatial scales of 100s ?m to cm-m, whereas dormant life can survive (but not metabolise) in extreme environments for very long periods (perhaps up to millions of years) at microbial spatial scales (100s ?m - mms). Thus, it is not necessary for the whole of a planet of satellite to be habitable. But the degree of continued habitability will have a strong influence on the possibility of organisms to evolve. For a planet such as Mars, for instance, microbial habitability was (perhaps still is) at different times and in different places. Habitable conditions conducive to the appearance of life, established life and possibly even dormant life could co-exist at different locations. Reference: [1] F. Westall, D. Loizeau, F. Foucher, N. Bost, M. Bertrand, J. Vago, & G. Kminek, Astrobiology 13:9, 887-897 (2013).

Westall, Frances; Loizeau, Damien; Foucher, Frédéric; Bost, Nicolas; Bertrand, Marylène; Vago, Jorge; Kminek, Gerhard

2014-05-01

337

Habitability design elements for a space station  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Habitability in space refers to the components, characteristics, conditions, and design parameters that go beyond but include the basic life sustaining requirements. Elements of habitability covered include internal environment, architecture, mobility and restraint, food, clothing, personal hygiene, housekeeping, communications, and crew activities. All elements are interrelated and need to be treated as an overall discipline. Designing for a space station is similar to designing on earth but with 'space rules' instead of ground rules. It is concluded that some habitability problems require behavioral science solutions.

Dalton, M. C.

1983-01-01

338

Reading: The Human Touch.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reading programs must be reassessed, and fragmented, isolated, and repetitive exercises must be eliminated. The goal of any reading program is to get the child to experience the joys of reading and learning. (Author/WI)

Roswell, Florence G.

1978-01-01

339

Diapering habits: a global perspective.  

PubMed

There are tremendous variations in diapering practices, reflecting varying cultural practices and regional difference. Around the world, more than 134 million babies are born each year, a rate of 255 births per minute or 4.3 births each second. While global population growth has been steadily declining from its peak in 1963, several regions, including the Middle East and Sub-Saharan Africa, continue to maintain high birth rates. Though the essential needs of infants are largely similar, family habits and practices during early years of life vary dramatically. This article surveys data documenting variations in diaper frequency, types, and duration of use internationally, including age of toilet training. These factors may influence diaper rash and skin health of infants and young children. Much of this data was collected as part of analysis of the international commercial diaper market, evaluated and organized as part of an international initiative on Global Infant Skin Care, and presented to a panel of experts for critique and commentary in a symposium held in December, 2013. PMID:25403934

Thaman, Lauren A; Eichenfield, Lawrence F

2014-11-01

340

Influence of Covey Habit Training on Teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Is there a way to provide simple guidelines for team communication that could easily be adopted by individuals? In his book, The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People, Stephen Covey suggests that applying his small collection of guidelines or \\

Debra Landry Folse; Herbert E. Longenecker; Roy J. Daigle; Stephen Covey

2003-01-01

341

Investigating habits: strategies, technologies and models  

E-print Network

Understanding habits at a biological level requires a combination of behavioral observations and measures of ongoing neural activity. Theoretical frameworks as well as definitions of habitual behaviors emerging from classic ...

Smith, Kyle S.

342

Make the High School Library a "Habit" for Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How long does it take to form a habit? Recent research done at the University College London by Phillippa Lally and colleagues suggest it takes an average of sixty-six days to form a new habit. Other research indicates that rewards make habits easier to form, but it takes repetition to form a habit. A literature review conducted for Pearson…

Bowling, Barbara L.

2012-01-01

343

Investigating habits: strategies, technologies and models  

PubMed Central

Understanding habits at a biological level requires a combination of behavioral observations and measures of ongoing neural activity. Theoretical frameworks as well as definitions of habitual behaviors emerging from classic behavioral research have been enriched by new approaches taking account of the identification of brain regions and circuits related to habitual behavior. Together, this combination of experimental and theoretical work has provided key insights into how brain circuits underlying action-learning and action-selection are organized, and how a balance between behavioral flexibility and fixity is achieved. New methods to monitor and manipulate neural activity in real time are allowing us to have a first look “under the hood” of a habit as it is formed and expressed. Here we discuss ideas emerging from such approaches. We pay special attention to the unexpected findings that have arisen from our own experiments suggesting that habitual behaviors likely require the simultaneous activity of multiple distinct components, or operators, seen as responsible for the contrasting dynamics of neural activity in both cortico-limbic and sensorimotor circuits recorded concurrently during different stages of habit learning. The neural dynamics identified thus far do not fully meet expectations derived from traditional models of the structure of habits, and the behavioral measures of habits that we have made also are not fully aligned with these models. We explore these new clues as opportunities to refine an understanding of habits. PMID:24574988

Smith, Kyle S.; Graybiel, Ann M.

2014-01-01

344

Hooked on Reading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although learning to read well is essential for future success, many children are neither proficient nor avid readers. There is no single "right" approach to reading instruction; teachers should abandon the phonics/whole-language debate and adapt strategies to children's preferred reading styles. Principals should model reading behavior and make…

Carbo, Marie; Cole, Robert W.

1995-01-01

345

Improving Reading Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book includes papers related to reading research from the International Reading Association's 1974 preconvention institute on research held in New Orleans. The introduction by Samuel Weintraub and Roger Farr discusses such questions as: Where does reading research need to be improved? What is research? What areas of reading research demand…

Farr, Roger, Ed.; And Others

346

Reading to Learn  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science teachers expect high school students to know how to read, understand, and learn from texts at the core of the curriculum. But though students learn to read in grade school, many do not know how to "read to learn" science. And science teachers are often too busy teaching science to actively help students increase their science reading

Herman, Phillip; Wardrip, Peter

2012-01-01

347

Reading, Memory, and Metacognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present investigation was designed to explore relations among reading skills; metareading, or knowledge about reading; memory; and metamemory, or knowledge about memory. Interactions among these skills were investigated as related to reading ability (good vs. poor readers), operativity, and grade level (second and fourth). Significant but low correlations were obtained between metareading and reading, metamemory and memory, metareading and

Diana M. Byrd; Barry Gholson

1985-01-01

348

5 Readers Reading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book examines how personality, in the sense of character development and identity, affects the way in which we read and interpret information. The first chapter deals with the question of who reads what and how they read it. The second chapter uses "A Rose for Emily" as an example of what people read. The third chapter discusses the…

Holland, Norman N.

349

UPGRADING ELEMENTARY READING PROGRAMS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

TO IMPROVE READING INSTRUCTION IN MANY SCHOLS, THE AMOUNT, QUALITY, AND VARIETY OF READING MATERIALS AND OTHER AIDS TO LEARNING MUST BE INCREASED. IT IS IMPERATIVE THAT STUDENTS HAVE ACCESS TO WELL EQUIPPED LIBRARIES. "THE HARVARD REPORT ON READING IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS" OFFERS EXCELLENT GUIDANCE FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF READING INSTRUCTION AND…

WHIPPLE, GERTRUDE

350

From Speaking to Reading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggestions are offered here for effecting a smooth transition in Spanish FLES classes from the audiolingual skills level to a level of reading competence which allows for proper pronunciation and both oral and silent reading comprehension. The discussion centers on creating reading readiness at the pre-reading level and considered such aspects as…

Arellano, Sonya I.

1968-01-01

351

Measuring Reading Performance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to provide solutions to some of the problems related to measuring reading behavior, this publication explores some of the problems of test selection and usage which confront educators. Contents include "Reading Testing for Reading Evaluation" by Walter R. Hill, "Reading Tests and the Disadvantaged" by Thomas J. Fitzgibbon, "What Is…

Blanton, William E., Ed.; And Others

352

Big Read, Big ROI  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2004, the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA) released a grim report on the state of literary reading in America. "Reading at Risk" (www.nea.gov/pub/ReadingAtRisk.pdf) detailed a dramatic decline in recreational reading across all segments of the American population--young and old, black, brown, and white. It also included the projected…

Dempsey, Beth

2008-01-01

353

Focus on Reading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The teaching of literature and reading is explored in the four articles in this issue. Titles and authors of these articles are as follows: "Utopia and the Social Relevance of Reading Literature" by Patrick Brantlinger; "Free Reading in the High School English Class" by R. Baird Shuman; "Word Finds as a Reading 'Find'" by Barbara S. Ballirano; and…

Mullican, James S., Ed.

1975-01-01

354

Back to the future: The potential relationship between leisure and education.  

PubMed

There is a long, documented history of the relationships among leisure, recreation, and education dating back to Greek philosophy.Originally there was little differentiation among the terms as they were presented as a unified process for youth and human development. Over time, each of these fields has developed, and their definitions have been shaped and reshaped. Using some of the original conceptions from Aristotle and Plato, coupled with foundational premises suggested by Dewey, this article frames current youth development efforts in a historical context. The authors suggest that perhaps what the separate professions might define as high-quality leisure, recreation, and educational experiences still maintain links among each. They further suggest that planned experiences with increasing levels of coordination can strengthen these links and develop an "education-for-leisure" perspective among participating youth and the choices they make. Self-determination theory (SDT) refers to the autonomy in choosing a particular behavior or action. Youth development opportunities that make connections between the content of a regular school day and choice of activity during out-of-school time can inculcate self-determined leisure choices that are productive. Planned and intentional educational experiences expand the possibilities for productive recreational choices. This article therefore proposes a framework for increasing levels of coordination among educational and recreational entities so that participating youth can develop and adopt an education-for-leisure disposition. PMID:21786409

Fleming, David S; Allen, Lawrence R; Barcelona, Robert J

2011-01-01

355

Genetic and Environmental Influences on the Allocation of Adolescent Leisure Time Activities  

PubMed Central

There is a growing recognition of the importance of the out-of-school activities in which adolescents choose to participate. Youth activities vary widely in terms of specific activities and in time devoted to them but can generally be grouped by the type and total duration spent per type. We collected leisure time information using a 17-item leisure time questionnaire in a large sample of same- and opposite-sex adolescent twin pairs (N = 2847). Using both univariate and multivariate genetic models, we sought to determine the type and magnitude of genetic and environmental influences on the allocation of time toward different leisure times. Results indicated that both genetic and shared and nonshared environmental influences were important contributors to individual differences in physical, social, intellectual, family, and passive activities such as watching television. The magnitude of these influences differed between males and females. Environmental influences were the primary factors contributing to the covariation of different leisure time activities. Our results suggest the importance of heritable influences on the allocation of leisure time activity by adolescents and highlight the importance of environmental experiences in these choices. PMID:24967407

Haberstick, Brett C.; Zeiger, Joanna S.; Corley, Robin P.

2014-01-01

356

Physical activity in the older adults related to commuting and leisure, Maceió, Brazil  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE To evaluate the level of physical activity of older adults by commuting and leisure time and associated factors. METHODS This was a cross-sectional study carried out with a population-based sample of 319 older individuals in Maceió, AL, Northeastern Brazil, in 2009. The level of physical activity in leisure and commuting was measured by applying the International Physical Activity Questionnaire, long version. The variables analyzed were: age, schooling, sex, per capita income and perceived health. We used descriptive analysis, Fisher's exact test and multiple regression analysis of prevalence rates. RESULTS We classified 87.5% as insufficiently active in commuting, being significantly higher among those individuals with older ages, with more education and who feel dissatisfied with their physical health. The prevalence of older people who are insufficiently active in leisure time activity was 76.2%, being more frequent in women, in men with advanced age; older adults with lower per capita income, and dissatisfaction with comparative physical health and self-perceived mental health. CONCLUSIONS The prevalence of insufficiently active was high in commuting and leisure time activities. Factors such as age, gender and income should be considered, especially with regards leisure, in order to ensure fairness in the development of policies to promote health and physical activity in this population. PMID:24626549

Mourão, Ana Raquel de Carvalho; Novais, Francini Vilela; Andreoni, Solange; Ramos, Luiz Roberto

2013-01-01

357

A New Look at Habits and the Habit-Goal Interface  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present model outlines the mechanisms underlying habitual control of responding and the ways in which habits interface with goals. Habits emerge from the gradual learning of associations between responses and the features of performance contexts that have historically covaried with them (e.g., physical settings, preceding actions). Once a…

Wood, Wendy; Neal, David T.

2007-01-01

358

Habitable Trinity: a new concept of a habitable environment beyond Earth  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Habitable Trinity, which is a newly proposed concept of a habitable environment for searching for life beyond Earth, is the coexistence of an atmosphere (consisting largely of C and N), an ocean (H and O), and a landmass (supplier of nutrients). It is the minimum requirement for the beginning of life as we know it.

Dohm, J.; Maruyama, S.

2013-09-01

359

Emergence of a Habitable Planet  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We address the first several hundred million years of Earth's history. The Moon-forming impact left Earth enveloped in a hot silicate atmosphere that cooled and condensed over ˜1,000 yrs. As it cooled the Earth degassed its volatiles into the atmosphere. It took another ˜2 Myrs for the magma ocean to freeze at the surface. The cooling rate was determined by atmospheric thermal blanketing. Tidal heating by the new Moon was a major energy source to the magma ocean. After the mantle solidified geothermal heat became climatologically insignificant, which allowed the steam atmosphere to condense, and left behind a ˜100 bar, ˜500 K CO2 atmosphere. Thereafter cooling was governed by how quickly CO2 was removed from the atmosphere. If subduction were efficient this could have taken as little as 10 million years. In this case the faint young Sun suggests that a lifeless Earth should have been cold and its oceans white with ice. But if carbonate subduction were inefficient the CO2 would have mostly stayed in the atmosphere, which would have kept the surface near ˜500 K for many tens of millions of years. Hydrous minerals are harder to subduct than carbonates and there is a good chance that the Hadean mantle was dry. Hadean heat flow was locally high enough to ensure that any ice cover would have been thin (<5 m) in places. Moreover hundreds or thousands of asteroid impacts would have been big enough to melt the ice triggering brief impact summers. We suggest that plate tectonics as it works now was inadequate to handle typical Hadean heat flows of 0.2-0.5 W/m2. In its place we hypothesize a convecting mantle capped by a ˜100 km deep basaltic mush that was relatively permeable to heat flow. Recycling and distillation of hydrous basalts produced granitic rocks very early, which is consistent with preserved >4 Ga detrital zircons. If carbonates in oceanic crust subducted as quickly as they formed, Earth could have been habitable as early as 10-20 Myrs after the Moon-forming impact.

Zahnle, Kevin; Arndt, Nick; Cockell, Charles; Halliday, Alex; Nisbet, Euan; Selsis, Franck; Sleep, Norman H.

360

Emergence of a Habitable Planet  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We address the first several hundred million years of Earth’s history. The Moon-forming impact left Earth enveloped in a hot silicate atmosphere that cooled and condensed over ˜1,000 yrs. As it cooled the Earth degassed its volatiles into the atmosphere. It took another ˜2 Myrs for the magma ocean to freeze at the surface. The cooling rate was determined by atmospheric thermal blanketing. Tidal heating by the new Moon was a major energy source to the magma ocean. After the mantle solidified geothermal heat became climatologically insignificant, which allowed the steam atmosphere to condense, and left behind a ˜100 bar, ˜500 K CO2 atmosphere. Thereafter cooling was governed by how quickly CO2 was removed from the atmosphere. If subduction were efficient this could have taken as little as 10 million years. In this case the faint young Sun suggests that a lifeless Earth should have been cold and its oceans white with ice. But if carbonate subduction were inefficient the CO2 would have mostly stayed in the atmosphere, which would have kept the surface near ˜500 K for many tens of millions of years. Hydrous minerals are harder to subduct than carbonates and there is a good chance that the Hadean mantle was dry. Hadean heat flow was locally high enough to ensure that any ice cover would have been thin (<5 m) in places. Moreover hundreds or thousands of asteroid impacts would have been big enough to melt the ice triggering brief impact summers. We suggest that plate tectonics as it works now was inadequate to handle typical Hadean heat flows of 0.2-0.5 W/m2. In its place we hypothesize a convecting mantle capped by a ˜100 km deep basaltic mush that was relatively permeable to heat flow. Recycling and distillation of hydrous basalts produced granitic rocks very early, which is consistent with preserved >4 Ga detrital zircons. If carbonates in oceanic crust subducted as quickly as they formed, Earth could have been habitable as early as 10-20 Myrs after the Moon-forming impact.

Zahnle, Kevin; Arndt, Nick; Cockell, Charles; Halliday, Alex; Nisbet, Euan; Selsis, Franck; Sleep, Norman H.

2007-03-01

361

Environmental Signatures for Habitability: What to Measure and How to Rank the Habitability Potential of Mars  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The environmental signatures for habitability are not necessarily biosignatures, even though on Earth, they are definitive proof of habitability. It is the constant overprint of the chemical signatures of life that makes it difficult to recognize the chemical and physical properties of a potentially habitable environment as distinct from an inhabited one. Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) will soon embark on a mission to Mars to assess its past or present habitability, so it is useful to examine how we measure habitability on Earth and prepare for how that approach may differ for Mars. This exercise includes: (a) articulation of fundamental assumptions about habitability, (b) an inventory of factors that affect habitability, (c) development of metrics, measurement approach and implementation, and (d) a new classification scheme for planetary habitability that goes beyond the binary "yes" or "no." There may be dozens of factors that affect habitability and they can be weighted as a function of specific environment. However a robotic, in situ investigation even on Earth has constraints that prevent the measurement of every environmental factor, so metrics must be reduced to the most relevant subset, given available time, cost, technical feasibility and scientific importance. Many of the factors could be measured with a combination of orbital data and the MSL payload. We propose that, at a minimum, a designation of high habitability potential requires the following conditions be met: (a) thermally stable with respect to extremes and frequency of fluctuation, (b) has more than one energy source, (c) sufficient chemical diversity to make compounds with covalent and hydrogen bonding, (d) can moderate ionizing radiation enough to allow a stable or evolving pool of organic molecules, (e) must have water or other high quality polar solvent, (f) must be able to renew chemical resources (e.g., plate tectonics, volcanism or something else we haven't envisioned). A measurement approach we have taken to measure habitability on Earth is : 1. Study remote sensing data, maps, etc. 2. Decide how big an area to measure. 3. Determine the spatial sampling rate. 4. Determine the temporal sampling rate. 5. Determine the order of measurements 6. Decide where to begin measurements 7. Select locations at field site and proceed While science drives each of the steps, there are additional constraints, e.g., technical, time, cost, safety (risk). This approach is also executable on Mars. Measurement of past habitability is more challenging both for Earth and Mars where access to the past means subsurface access and confrontation with unknowns about preservation of the martian past. Some environments preserve evidence of past habitability better than others, and this is where selection of the landing site to maximize the preservation potential of habitability indicators will be key. Mars presents an opportunity to discover transitional states between habitable or not, and we offer a ranking scale for planetary habitability with Mars as the second test subject: CLASS ONE Uninhabitable and likely has never been so CLASS TWO Has a high potential but no confirmed observation of life (as defined above) CLASS THREE Inhabited (we find life) 3-A Globally inhabited 3-B Primitive life; early in its evolution, but not yet globally established 3-C Exists only in refugia -- planet heading toward class four CLASS FOUR Post-habitable (there once was life, but now it's gone) MSL provides an opportunity to carefully investigate the habitability of at least one site on Mars and it will reveal much about the possible states of planetary habitability

Conrad, Pamela G.; Eigenbrode, Jennifer L.; Mahaffy, Paul M.; Steele, Andrew

2011-01-01

362

Relationships between leisure-time energy expenditure and individual coping strategies for shift-work  

PubMed Central

A total of 13 to 14% of European and North American workers are involved in shift work. The present aim is to explore the relationships between coping strategies adopted by shift workers and their leisure-time energy expenditure. Twenty-four female and 71 male shift workers (mean ± SD age: 37 ± 9 years) completed an adapted version of the Standard Shift-work Index (SSI), together with a leisure-time physical activity questionnaire. Predictors of age, time spent in shift work, gender, marital status and the various shift-work coping indices were explored with step-wise multiple regression. Leisure-time energy expenditure over a 14-d period was entered as the outcome variable. Gender (? = 7168.9 kJ/week, p = 0.023) and time spent in shift work (? = 26.36 kJ/week, p = 0.051) were found to be predictors of energy expenditure, with the most experienced, male shift workers expending the most energy during leisure-time. Overall ‘disengagement’ coping scores from the SSI were positively related to leisure-time energy expenditure (? = 956.27 kJ/week, p = 0.054). In males disengagement of sleep problems (? = ?1078.1 kJ/week, p = 0.086) was found to be negatively correlated to energy expenditure, whereas disengagement of domestic-related problems was found to be positively related to energy expenditure (? = 1961.92 kJ/week, p = 0.001). These relations were not found in female shift workers (p = 0.762). These data suggest that experienced male shift workers participate in the most leisure-time physical activity. These people ‘disengage’ more from their domestic-related problems, but less from their sleep-related problems. It is recommended that physical activity interventions for shift workers should be designed with careful consideration of individual domestic responsibilities and perceived disruption to sleep. PMID:19401896

Fullick, S.; Grindey, C.; Edwards, B.; Morris, C.; Reilly, T.; Richardson, D.; Waterhouse, J.; Atkinson, G.

2009-01-01

363

Geophysical and atmospheric evolution of habitable planets.  

PubMed

The evolution of Earth-like habitable planets is a complex process that depends on the geodynamical and geophysical environments. In particular, it is necessary that plate tectonics remain active over billions of years. These geophysically active environments are strongly coupled to a planet's host star parameters, such as mass, luminosity and activity, orbit location of the habitable zone, and the planet's initial water inventory. Depending on the host star's radiation and particle flux evolution, the composition in the thermosphere, and the availability of an active magnetic dynamo, the atmospheres of Earth-like planets within their habitable zones are differently affected due to thermal and nonthermal escape processes. For some planets, strong atmospheric escape could even effect the stability of the atmosphere. PMID:20307182

Lammer, Helmut; Selsis, Frank; Chassefière, Eric; Breuer, Doris; Griessmeier, Jean-Mathias; Kulikov, Yuri N; Erkaev, Nikolai V; Khodachenko, Maxim L; Biernat, Helfried K; Leblanc, Francois; Kallio, Esa; Lundin, Richard; Westall, Frances; Bauer, Siegfried J; Beichman, Charles; Danchi, William; Eiroa, Carlos; Fridlund, Malcolm; Gröller, Hannes; Hanslmeier, Arnold; Hausleitner, Walter; Henning, Thomas; Herbst, Tom; Kaltenegger, Lisa; Léger, Alain; Leitzinger, Martin; Lichtenegger, Herbert I M; Liseau, René; Lunine, Jonathan; Motschmann, Uwe; Odert, Petra; Paresce, Francesco; Parnell, John; Penny, Alan; Quirrenbach, Andreas; Rauer, Heike; Röttgering, Huub; Schneider, Jean; Spohn, Tilman; Stadelmann, Anja; Stangl, Günter; Stam, Daphne; Tinetti, Giovanna; White, Glenn J

2010-01-01

364

Emerging economic sectors in the third millennium: leisure time era begins to dominate US economy by 2015  

Microsoft Academic Search

This second article in a series of six focuses on leisure as one of the impending waves of economic activity projected to dominate the advanced economies over the course of the new millennium. Leisure will begin to dominate jobs and economic activity in the USA around 2015, the date when “free time” will occupy over half of total individual lifetime

Grahm T. T. Molitor

2000-01-01

365

Picture Me Playing--A Portrait of Participation and Enjoyment of Leisure Activities in Adolescents with Cerebral Palsy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years attention has been paid to the participation levels of children and youth with Cerebral Palsy (CP), particularly the extent to which they have the opportunity to be involved in and enjoy leisure activities. The objective of this study is to describe the level of participation and enjoyment in leisure activities among adolescents…

Shikako-Thomas, Keiko; Shevell, Michael; Lach, Lucyna; Law, Mary; Schmitz, Norbert; Poulin, Chantal; Majnemer, Annette

2013-01-01

366

The Relationship between Leisure Outsourcing and Specificity: Performance and Management Perception in Hotels in the Canary Islands  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this article is to determine the factors that influence the outsourcing of leisure services in the hotel business. First, this work studies the relationship between the specificity of the hotel leisure activity and the activity’s performance depending on whether it is outsourced or retained in house. Second, the article analyzes the extent to which the perceived advantages

Tomás F. Espino-Rodríguez; Antonia Ma Gil-Padilla

2005-01-01

367

Understanding the Relationships between Women and Sport: The Contribution of British Feminist Approaches in Leisure and Cultural Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper argues that because of the partial development of sports sociology in Britain, academic work on women and sport has been rooted in leisure and cultural studies, or has reacted from recreational provision policy.Feminist writers have therefore approached the area by making criticisms of both theory and policy making within leisure studies, and offering radical feminist perspectives for change.

Margaret Talbot

1988-01-01

368

Society and Leisure Time. Free Saturdays and Changes in the Way of Life of Hungarian Industrial Workers Living in Towns  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article outlines the utilization of leisure time in connection with the way of life as a whole. The growth of free Saturdays for most Hungarian industrial workers has meant an increase of leisure time. The way in which this free time is spent varies greatly between different strata of the population. (Author/KP)

Szanto, Miklos

1972-01-01

369

The relationship between serious leisure characteristics and recreation involvement: a case study of Taiwan’s surfing activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores the relationship between serious leisure and recreation involvement by treating the former as a type of personal characteristic. Questionnaires were distributed to 434 Taiwanese surfers, and a structural equation model was used to examine the causal relationships among the variables. Research results show that a higher level of serious leisure characteristics leads to higher levels of recreation

Tien-Ming Cheng; Sheng-Hshiung Tsaur

2012-01-01

370

A comparative study examining constraints to leisure and recreation opportunities for youth living in remote and isolated communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Separation from major population centres can create a number of barriers and constraints for leisure professionals and their constituents. Constraints may be intrapersonal, interpersonal, or structural in nature. Several factors, including accessibility, mobility, relative location of recreational facilities, and resources to create opportunities, have been documented as constraints on leisure. To date, there has been limited research on constraints to

Christopher L. Kowalski; Samuel V. Lankford

2010-01-01

371

The relationship between serious leisure characteristics and recreation involvement: a case study of Taiwan’s surfing activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores the relationship between serious leisure and recreation involvement by treating the former as a type of personal characteristic. Questionnaires were distributed to 434 Taiwanese surfers, and a structural equation model was used to examine the causal relationships among the variables. Research results show that a higher level of serious leisure characteristics leads to higher levels of recreation

Tien-Ming Cheng; Sheng-Hshiung Tsaur

2011-01-01

372

Estimation of leisure time physical activity and sedentary behaviour among school adolescents in Nepal  

PubMed Central

Background Leisure-time physical activity is essential for healthy and physically active life; however, this domain of physical activity is less common in developing countries. Information on leisure time physical activity and sedentary behaviour among Nepalese population is not available. The study was carried out to assess leisure time physical activity and sedentary behaviour among high school adolescents and identify the associated factors in Nepal. Methods A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out in Banke district, Nepal in 2013 among higher secondary school students using self-administered questionnaire based on International Physical Activity Questionnaire. A sample of 405 students, 178 females and 227 males, of the age–group 15 to 20 years from seven schools were included in the study. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was carried out to identify factors associated with participation in leisure time physical activity and sedentary behaviour. Results Engagement of female in leisure time physical activity was lower but mean time spent on sitting per day was higher. Students who walked to school and have playground/parks near home, younger females (OR?=?3.09, 95% CI: 1.18-8.08), females living in nuclear families (OR: 2.16, 95% CI: 1.01-4.62) and males who cycled to school (OR: 8.09, 95% CI: 2.35-27.80) and have provision of extra-curricular activities (OR: 2.49, 95% CI: 1.04-5.97) were more likely to be engaged in leisure time physical activity. On the other hand, students who did not have playground in school and lived in rural areas were more likely to sit for more than 6 hours a day. Likewise, male students of private school (OR: 6.41, 95% CI: 2.89-14.21), who used vehicle to reach school (OR: 5.90, 95% CI: 1.26-27.75) and have no provision of extra-curricular activities (OR: 2.98, 95% CI: 1.09-8.07) had longer sitting time. Conclusion Difference in leisure time physical activity and sedentary behaviour was found among male and female school adolescents. Interventions are needed not only to promote leisure time physical activity but also to reduce sedentary behaviour among this group. PMID:24953522

2014-01-01

373

Habitable Climates: The Influence of Eccentricity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the outer regions of the habitable zone, the risk of transitioning into a globally frozen "snowball" state poses a threat to the habitability of planets with the capacity to host water-based life. Here, we use a one-dimensional energy balance climate model (EBM) to examine how obliquity, spin rate, orbital eccentricity, and the fraction of the surface covered by ocean might influence the onset of such a snowball state. For an exoplanet, these parameters may be strikingly different from the values observed for Earth. Since, for a constant semimajor axis, the annual mean stellar irradiation scales with (1 - e 2)-1/2, one might expect the greatest habitable semimajor axis (for fixed atmospheric composition) to scale as (1 - e 2)-1/4. We find that this standard simple ansatz provides a reasonable lower bound on the outer boundary of the habitable zone, but the influence of both obliquity and ocean fraction can be profound in the context of planets on eccentric orbits. For planets with eccentricity 0.5, for instance, our EBM suggests that the greatest habitable semimajor axis can vary by more than 0.8 AU (78%!) depending on obliquity, with higher obliquity worlds generally more stable against snowball transitions. One might also expect that the long winter at an eccentric planet's apoastron would render it more susceptible to global freezing. Our models suggest that this is not a significant risk for Earth-like planets around Sun-like stars, as considered here, since such planets are buffered by the thermal inertia provided by oceans covering at least 10% of their surface. Since planets on eccentric orbits spend much of their year particularly far from the star, such worlds might turnout to be especially good targets for direct observations with missions such as TPF-Darwin. Nevertheless, the extreme temperature variations achieved on highly eccentric exo-Earths raise questions about the adaptability of life to marginally or transiently habitable conditions.

Dressing, Courtney D.; Spiegel, David S.; Scharf, Caleb A.; Menou, Kristen; Raymond, Sean N.

2010-10-01

374

Information systems - Issues in global habitability  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The present investigation is concerned with fundamental issues, related to information considerations, which arise in an interdisciplinary approach to questions of global habitability. Information system problems and issues are illustrated with the aid of an example involving biochemical cycling and biochemical productivity. The estimation of net primary production (NPP) as an important consideration in the overall global habitability issue is discussed. The NPP model requires three types of data, related to meteorological information, a land surface inventory, and the vegetation structure. Approaches for obtaining and processing these data are discussed. Attention is given to user requirements, information system requirements, workstations, network communications, hardware/software access, and data management.

Norman, S. D.; Brass, J. A.; Jones, H.; Morse, D. R.

1984-01-01

375

Deep Read: a reading comprehension system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This paper describes initial work on Deep Read , an automated reading comprehension system that accepts arbitrary text input (a story) and answers questions about it We have acquired a corpus of 60 development and 60 test stories of 3 to 6th grade material; each story is followed by short - answer questions (an answer key was also provided)

Lynette Hirschman; Marc Light; Eric Breck; John D. Burger

1999-01-01

376

CSULB Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies Receives Academic Accreditation The National Recreation and Parks Association's Council on Accreditation for Parks, Recreation,  

E-print Network

CSULB Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies Receives Academic Accreditation The National stated criteria of educational quality." The CSULB Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies has been faculty, staff, alumni, and students of the Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies. The process

Sorin, Eric J.

377

Proceedings of the 2010 Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium GTR-NRS-P-94 126 THE LEISURE STYLE OF CANADIAN RURAL RECREATION PARTICIPANTS  

E-print Network

Proceedings of the 2010 Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium GTR-NRS-P-94 126 THE LEISURE STYLE OF CANADIAN RURAL RECREATION PARTICIPANTS: AN ANALYSIS BASED ON THREE DIFFERENT RURAL LEISURE SETTINGS PaulHeintzman LeisureStudies UniversityofOttawa pheintzm@uotttawa.ca DonDawson Universityof

378

Conservation and Reading Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Conservation is positively correlated with reading readiness and intelligence. Suggests that conservation is worthy of attention by primary teachers as a predictor of the child's readiness for learning to read. (ST)

Brekke, Beverly W.; And Others

1973-01-01

379

Improving Science Reading Comprehension  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Lend your struggling readers a helping hand with strategies that will enhance their comprehension of science reading materials. This article offers a few easy-to-implement strategies that teachers can use before, during, and after reading.

Johnson, Jill C.; Martin-Hansen, Lisa

2005-03-01

380

Reading with the ears.  

PubMed

We studied the cortical networks of Morse code reading with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Four expert radio telegraphists performed two closely matched reading experiments, one in binaurally presented high speed Morse code and one in print. Performance was equal for both conditions. Reading single nouns in Morse code resulted in predominantly left-sided activation of the frontal and temporal perisylvian language areas, prefrontal cortex, and premotor cortex. In a within-subject comparison between reading Morse code and reading print, the activation pattern in the left temporoparietal association cortex was similar for both forms of reading, suggesting that reading Morse code shares part of its cortical networks with reading print. PMID:15196672

Maier, J; Hartvig, N Vaever; Green, A C; Stodkilde-Jorgensen, H

2004-07-01

381

Binocularity and Reading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A sample of 162 fifth grade students were grouped as good, average, and poor readers on the basis of a standardized reading test to determine whether a relationship existed between binocularity and reading performance. (Author/MC)

Brod, Nathan; Hamilton, David

1973-01-01

382

TOWARD THE MINIMUM INNER EDGE DISTANCE OF THE HABITABLE ZONE  

E-print Network

We explore the minimum distance from a host star where an exoplanet could potentially be habitable in order not to discard close-in rocky exoplanets for follow-up observations. We find that the inner edge of the Habitable ...

Zsom, Andras

383

Folding Corners of the Habits of Mind  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reasoning is central to what Cuoco, Goldenberg, and Mark refer to as mathematical "habits of mind" (1996). "Reasoning is an integral part of doing mathematics. Students should enter the middle grades with the view that mathematics involves examining patterns and noting regularities, making conjectures about possible generalizations,…

Wiles, Peter

2013-01-01

384

Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Beach Occupancy, 2007  

E-print Network

Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Beach Occupancy, 2007 Environment Report RL 02/08 Customer: Sellafield Beach Occupancy, 2007 Centre for Environment, Fisheries & Aquaculture Science Lowestoft Laboratory to Seamill 12 4.2.1 Beach description 12 4.2.2 Activities 13 4.3 Seamill Lane to Coulderton and Nethertown 15

385

Student Name ____________________________ THE SEARCH FOR HABITABLE PLANETS  

E-print Network

Student Name ____________________________ A103 THE SEARCH FOR HABITABLE PLANETS LIFE technological societies of intelligent beings who ask questions about the Universe around them? Although the existence of extraterrestrial life has few practical consequences for our day-to-day lives, people can

Robeson, Scott M.

386

A normative study of family media habits  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study documents family media habits in six areas: electronic and print Media Use, parental Monitoring of children's media, parental Consistency regarding rules for children's media use, parents' reports of observable Media Effects on their children, parents' Knowledge about media and media effects, and how much children participate in Alternative Activities to electronic media. A random national sample of

Douglas A. Gentile; David A. Walsh

2002-01-01

387

Twelve Habits of Successful IT Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In all positions, professionals must continue to develop their skills. The higher education IT profession is no exception. However, many of these skills should be developed progressively. If IT professionals can start learning these twelve skills early in their career, they will have a good chance of turning the skills into habits--and of becoming…

Hawkins, Brian L.

2006-01-01

388

Habit tic deformity secondary to guitar playing.  

PubMed

A 29-year-old man exhibited linear ridges of the right thumbnail that had been present for ten years. After he stopped playing the guitar for three months, the proximal portion of the abnormality cleared. Nail changes similar to the habit tic deformity may be produced by guitar playing. PMID:19379660

Wu, Jashin J

2009-01-01

389

FOOD HABITS OF BALD EAGLES WINTERING IN  

Microsoft Academic Search

We used pellets collected from roosts to supplement incidental foraging observations to iden- tify prey species of Bald Eagles (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) and to evaluate spatial and temporal trends in their food habits while wintering in northern Arizona between 1994-96. We analyzed 1057 pellets collected from 14 roosts, and identified five mammal and 13 bird species. American Coot (Fulica americana, N

NORTHERN ARIZONA

390

Scientific Habits of Mind in Virtual Worlds  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In today's increasingly "flat" world of globalization (Friedman 2005), the need for a scientifically literate citizenry has grown more urgent. Yet, by some measures, we have done a poor job at fostering "scientific habits of mind" in schools. Recent research on informal games-based learning indicates that such technologies and the communities they…

Steinkuehler, Constance; Duncan, Sean

2008-01-01

391

Food habits of bobcats in eastern Tennessee  

Microsoft Academic Search

Food habits of bobcats (Lynx rufus) in eastern Tennessee were determined from analyzing 176 cat samples collected on the Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park. Remains of cottontail rabbits (Sylvilagus floridanus) were the most frequently occurring food item. White-tail deer (Odocoileus virginianus) and pine vole (Microtus pinetorum) remains also were found frequently in samples. Data obtained from this study indicated

J. D. Story; W. J. Galbraith; J. T. Kitchings

1982-01-01

392

Direct imaging of habitable planets with ELTs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ELTs will offer unprecedented angular resolution and collecting area, two of the essential ingredients for direct imaging and characterization of habitable exoplanets. If equipped with high performance AO system and coronagraph, ELTs will therefore be very powerful instruments for high contrast imaging of the immediate surroundings of nearby stars. An analysis of the expected performance of such a system, both from fundamental principles and extrapolations using current technologies developed for 10-m class telescopes, reveals that it will be able to image a large number of extrasolar planets. One of the most interesting finding of this analysis is that ELTs should be able to directly image potentially habitable planets in reflected light, and that reflected light imaging in the near-IR is easier than thermal emission imaging with an ELT (in part thanks to the ability to chose the most nearby stars as targets, as opposed to more distant young stars). While an Earth analog at 10pc would be at the very limit of detection even with a nearly optimal system (using a high sensitivity and high speed ExAO system), adopting a slightly broader definition of habitable planets including Super-Earths around late-type stars shows that detection and spectroscopic characterization of habitable planets will be within reach. For such targets, the reflected light contrast is more favorable and the planet is intrinsically brighter (since late type stars are more numerous, and can therefore be selected at small distance). The key to enable these detections is angular resolution, since the habitable zone around late type stars is very close to the star. An ExAO system for ELT should therefore use techniques optimal for high contrast imaging at a few diffraction limits from the central star. Such techniques are currently being developed in laboratories, and some of them are being deployed on existing telescopes: small inner working coronagraphs can now deliver full sensitivity images down to ˜1 ?/D, and new wavefront sensing techniques fully utilizing coherence over the entire pupil allow more than 10000x gain in sensitivity over conventional seeing-limited wavefront sensors. This science goal is complementary to direct imaging and characterization of habitable exoplanets from space, which favors F-G-K type stars at larger angular separation. Since no such space mission is planned for the near future (and will therefore likely not fly before ˜2025-2030), ground-based ELTs may in fact offer the first opportunity for detailed characterization of nearby habitable worlds.

Guyon, Olivier

2011-09-01

393

Psycholinguistics and Reading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psycholinguistics has offered many new insights into the development of reading, e.g., only a small part of the information necessary for reading comprehension comes from the printed page, comprehension must precede the identification of individual words, and reading is not decoding to spoken language. These views are elaborated in this collection…

Smith, Frank, (Ed.)

394

Reading with the ears  

Microsoft Academic Search

We studied the cortical networks of Morse code reading with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Four expert radio telegraphists performed two closely matched reading experiments, one in binaurally presented high speed Morse code and one in print. Performance was equal for both conditions. Reading single nouns in Morse code resulted in predominantly left-sided activation of the frontal and temporal perisylvian

J Maier; N. Vaever Hartvig; A. C Green; H Stodkilde-Jorgensen

2004-01-01

395

Reading, Memory, and Metacognition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to explore relations among reading skills, metareading, memory, and metamemory. Interactions among these skills were investigated as related to reading ability, operativity, and grade level. The effects of experience, operativity, and metacognition on reading and memory skills were discussed. (Author/DWH)

Byrd, Diana M.; Gholson, Barry

1985-01-01

396

Early Bilingual Reading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This discussion reviews literature on early bilingualism and early reading in two languages and summarizes a research project aimed at developing the experimental conditions for teaching early bilingual reading in institutional settings. The review notes positive effects of early reading generally and of early bilingual literacy on intellectual…

Titone, Renzo

1985-01-01

397

The Dynamic Nature of Leisure Experience: An Application of Affect Control Theory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Applied Affect Control Theory (ACT) to investigate the interaction process between leisure participants and their environment. Surveys of people on an urban, multiple-use trail indicated that most exhibited a dynamic emotional experience even though they were in the setting a short time. Respondents exhibited different emotions across events.…

Lee, BongKoo; Shafer, C. Scott

2002-01-01

398

Adolescents' Experiences of the Right to Play and Leisure in Northern Ireland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Under Article 31 of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, every child under the age of 18 has the right to engage in age-appropriate play and leisure activities. Drawing on the qualitative findings of a wider review of children's rights in Northern Ireland, this article examines the degree to which adolescents in Northern…

Beckett, Helen

2010-01-01

399

Adolescent and adult leisure patterns: A 37?year follow?up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between adolescent and adult leisure activities was assessed by utilizing longitudinal data from 1298 subjects studied during their high school years and again when they were in their early fifties. For the sample members, the greater the involvement in a specific type of activity during adolescence, the more frequent the participation in the same type of activity at

David Scott; Fern K. Willits

1989-01-01

400

Trends in No Leisure-Time Physical Activity--United States, 1988-2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine trends in the prevalence of no leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) from 1988 to 2010. Method: Using the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data, 35 states and the District of Columbia reported information on no LTPA from 1988 to 1994; all states reported no LTPA from 1996 to 2010. Results: No…

Moore, Latetia V.; Harris, Carmen D.; Carlson, Susan A.; Kruger, Judy; Fulton, Janet E.

2012-01-01

401

Recreation and Leisure: Issues for Adolescents with Chronic Illnesses and Disabilities. CYDLINE Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography presents 162 annotated references (including bibliographic materials, training and educational materials, and programs) about issues of recreation and leisure for adolescents and young adults with chronic illnesses and disabilities. Each reference usually contains a full bibliographic citation, a brief descriptive abstract, and…

Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. National Center for Youth with Disabilities.

402

The Division of Labor and Leisure in Modern Society: A New Form of Solidarity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper suggests that new values created by modern forms of leisure have intersected with critical changes in the work structure to form a new social pattern. The new pattern emerges from a crisis in industrial societies. Factors which have created this crisis include the rupture of the time frames of society (how work and non-work are…

Bosserman, Phillip

403

Leisure travel in Europe and airline business models: A study of regional airports in Great Britain  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tourism and air transport are explicitly linked especially in the context of leisure traffic. This paper highlights this relationship by focusing on the impact of the three main airline business models (traditional scheduled, charter and low-cost) on regional airports using Britain as a case study. The panel data econometric results show that despite the current perception, low cost carriers are

Andreas Papatheodorou; Zheng Lei

2006-01-01

404

Intellectual Disability and Sexuality: Attitudes of Disability Support Staff and Leisure Industry Employees  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The attitudes of support staff and others in the community towards the sexuality of individuals with an intellectual disability (ID) have the potential to influence opportunities for normalised life experiences in the area of sexuality. Method: A sample of 169 disability support staff and 50 employees from leisure and service…

Gilmore, Linda; Chambers, Brooke

2010-01-01

405

Men's leisure and women's lives: the impact of pornography on women  

Microsoft Academic Search

The issue of pornography as a form of leisure practice has received little attention from researchers. In this study, the impact of pornography consumption on women's lives was examined. A diverse group of thirty-two women was interviewed, with discussion focusing on their individual experiences, meanings, and perceptions of pornography. The women's reactions to pornography, especially to violent pornography, were consistently

Susan M. Shaw

1999-01-01

406

Looking Back in Time: The Pitfalls and Potential of Retrospective Methods in Leisure Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

An increased focus on alternate theoretical perspectives, methodologies, and methods is needed in leisure studies. Although retrospective methods have been employed in a range of disciplines, criticism has been leveled at their validity, reliability, and trustworthiness. Possibilities and critiques of retrospective methods are discussed as either attempts at controlling or interpreting the past. Techniques for minimizing post-positivist concerns include stimulating

Ryan Snelgrove; Mark E. Havitz

2010-01-01

407

Virtual reality as a leisure activity for young adults with physical and intellectual disabilities.  

PubMed

Participation in leisure activities is a fundamental human right and an important factor of quality of life. Adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) and physical disabilities often experience limited opportunities to participate in leisure activities, virtual reality (VR) technologies may serve to broaden their repertoire of accessible leisure activities. Although the use of VR in rehabilitation has grown over the past decade, few applications have been reported for people with ID. Thirty-three men and women with moderate ID and severe cerebral palsy participated in the study. Each participant in the experimental group (n=17) took part in VR activity two to three times weekly for 12 weeks. Virtual games were provided via GestureTek's Gesture Xtreme video capture VR system. The VR-based activities were perceived by the participants to be enjoyable and successful. Moreover, participants demonstrated clear preferences, initiation and learning. They performed consistently and maintained a high level of interest throughout the intervention period. VR appears to provide varied and motivating opportunities for leisure activities among young adults with intellectual and physical disabilities. Its ease of use and adaptability make it a feasible option for this population. PMID:17590313

Yalon-Chamovitz, Shira; Weiss, Patrice L Tamar

2008-01-01

408

Negotiating the Curriculum with Unwaged Adults...in the Areas of Leisure and Opportunity Creation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A developmental study explored appropriate teaching and learning strategies for providing education about leisure activities and economic activities to the unemployed in Southampton, England. Developing a curriculum with unwaged adults was found to involve contact-outreach, negotiation, establishing an educational infrastructure, the learning…

Johnston, Rennie; And Others

409

Value Orientations and Studying in School-Leisure Conflict: A Study with Samples from Five Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relations between students' value orientations and experiences of motivational interference during studying following conflicts between learning and leisure activities were investigated in a self-report study. Overall, 1075 adolescents, mostly from Catholic schools, in Bosnia-Herzegovina (n = 203), India (n = 200), Paraguay (n = 96), Spain (n…

Hofer, Manfred; Schmid, Sebastian; Fries, Stefan; Zivkovic, Ilija; Dietz, Franziska

2009-01-01

410

Leisure Experiences and Depressive Symptoms among Chinese Older People: A National Survey in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We aimed to explore older people's subjective leisure experiences and to further examine associations of such experiences with their depressive symptoms in Taiwan. Known correlates of depression, such as demographics, physical health, and social support, were taken into account. Face-to-face interviews were conducted to collect data using…

Lu, Luo

2011-01-01

411

Sport and Social Inclusion: Evidence from the Performance of Public Leisure Facilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the UK, sport is increasingly recognized as a means for promoting social inclusion. However, evaluation, to date, is limited with regard to the achievement of social inclusion through sport. Based on the database of Sport England's National Benchmarking Service, this paper aims to investigate the extent to which public leisure facilities were…

Liu, Yi-De

2009-01-01

412

Non-Formal Education in Free Time: Leisure- or Work-Orientated Activity?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article deals with the relationship between adults' free time and further education. More specifically, the paper addresses the question of whether there are similarities and analogies between the leisure time that adults dedicate to non-formal educational activities and free time per se. A structured questionnaire was used to examine…

Thoidis, Ioannis; Pnevmatikos, Dimitrios

2014-01-01

413

"We're Gators...Not Just Gator Fans": Serious Leisure and University of Florida Football.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviewed University of Florida Gator football fans to examine meanings, rituals, and practices associated with being a fan. Emergent themes confirmed Stebbins' (1979; 1992) six characteristics of serious leisure (e.g., perseverance, unique ethos, and identification). Results suggest that being a Gator football fan provides both a source of…

Gibson, Heather; Willming, Cynthia; Holdnak, Andrew

2002-01-01

414

Credentialing in the Health, Leisure, and Movement Professions. Trends and Issues Paper No. 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This trends and issues paper considers the emerging presence of credentialing programs in the health, leisure, and movement professions in which such diverse occupations as health education teachers, aerobics instructors, exercise physiologists, dance therapists, community park managers, intramural directors, and military fitness instructors are…

Summerfield, Liane M.

415

The Impact of Ancient Chinese Philosophy on Contemporary Leisure in China.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little has been written on the impact of Far East civilization's thought and influence on leisure in China today. A discussion of Chinese history, outlined in three stages, clarifies the development of Chinese philosophy over the past 5,000 years. Chinese civilization and culture rest upon a philosophical basis shaped primarily by the principles…

Chang, Yi-Shih; Card, Jaclyn A.

416

Mickey Mouse Goes to Jurassic Park: The Challenge of Technology for Leisure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the family vacation as a common leisure experience, with emphasis on the rise of the theme park. Theme parks, designed to enable parents to entertain everyone in the family with minimal frustration in organization and application, provide a single-price, inside-the-gate, complete experience. In 1955, Disneyland opened in…

Freeman, William H.

417

Working musicians: exploring the rhetorical ties between musical labour and leisure  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay explores the implications of a common but rarely examined trope about music, leisure and labour. The idea that music should appear effortless – that its execution should not require work – has shaped critical and consumer interpretation in a wide variety of historical settings. The trope of effortless music suggests that music is an outgrowth of one’s individual

Karl Hagstrom Miller

2008-01-01

418

Serious Leisure, Health Perception, Dispositional Optimism, and Life Satisfaction among Senior Games Participants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated factors that explain the life satisfaction of Senior Games participants. One 193 older adults from the 2005 Michigan State Senior Games and the 2005 New York State Senior Games participated in the study. The results of the study show that one of the indicators of serious leisure (affective attachment) was positively…

Heo, Jinmoo; Lee, Youngkhill

2010-01-01

419

Transition and Integration with Leisure for People with Disabilities. Research Update.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Support from community recreation staff facilitates successful transition and integration of persons with disabilities from hospitals or schools to communities. Functional independence requires leisure activity skills, choice-making skills, social and friend-making skills, and support networks. The article examines research on integrated community…

Bedini, Leandra A.

1993-01-01

420

What Influences Participation in Leisure Activities of Children and Youth with Physical Disabilities? A Systematic Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2001 the International Classification of Functioning (ICF) defined participation as "someone's involvement in life situations". Participation in leisure activities contributes to the development of children and their quality of life. Children with physical disabilities are known to be at risk for participation in fewer activities. The group of…

Bult, M. K.; Verschuren, O.; Jongmans, M. J.; Lindeman, E.; Ketelaar, M.

2011-01-01

421

The Strength of Motivation and Physical Activity Level during Leisure Time among Youth in South Korea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was aimed to investigate the relationship between the perceived strength of motivation and level of physical activity during their leisure time of youth. The randomly selected 1,097 (boys = 342, girls = 755) youth reported their duration, frequency, and intensity of physical activity and also indicated their strength of motivation in…

Cho, Min-Haeng

2004-01-01

422

Childhood Play and Adolescent Leisure Preferences: Associations with Gender Typing and the Presence of Siblings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Childhood play and adolescent leisure preferences were solicited from 168 predominantly white undergraduates who also completed the Bem Sex Role Inventory and rated the amount of time spent playing with same- and opposite-sex siblings. There was evidence of more stereotyped preferences by those with same-sex siblings. (SLD)

Colley, Ann; And Others

1996-01-01

423

The Power of Leisure: “I Was an Anorexic; I'm Now a Healthy Triathlete”  

Microsoft Academic Search

This autoethnographic account describes the ambiguities of the author's ongoing struggle with anorexia nervosa and how leisure was integral to her quasi-recovery from the illness. By showing the emotional and mental struggles of the illness, this paper offers an alternative to the traditional scientific studies of the illness that buries people's voices beneath layers of analysis. The purpose of the

Megan Axelsen

2009-01-01

424

Virtual Reality Provides Leisure Time Opportunities for Young Adults with Physical and Intellectual Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to limitations in their physical abilities, adults with cerebral palsy (CP) have relatively few opportunities to engage in independent leisure activities. This pervasive lack of oppor- tunity often leads to the development of dependent behavioral patterns and learned help- lessness. The objective of this pilot study was to explore ways in which virtual reality can provide positive and enjoyable

Pnina Bialik; Rachel Kizony

2003-01-01

425

Developing leisure and cultural attractions in the regional city centre: a policy perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Smaller regional cities and former industrial cities throughout North America and Europe have experienced fundamental transformations of their economies over recent decades, and authorities have continually sought new functions for the postindustrial era. Following on from retail, office, and residential regeneration within many city centres, leisure and cultural policies have also been adopted. The British city of Swansea, which has

Andrew R Tallon; Rosemary D F Bromley; Ben Reynolds; Colin J Thomas

2006-01-01

426

Job Socialization: The Carry-Over Effects of Work on Political and Leisure Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A model of job socialization based on the joint effect of decision latitude and psychological demands are developed to predict how behaviors learned on the job would carry over to leisure and political activities out-side of work. The model is tested with a longitudinal national random sample of the Swedish male work force (1:1,000) in 1968 and…

Karasek, Robert A.

2004-01-01

427

Preparing Students for Careers in the Leisure, Recreation, and Tourism Field  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study attempted to examine the similarities and differences between the leisure, recreation, and tourism (LRT) students' expectations and the experiences of people who work in the LRT field, and whether the LRT programs prepare students for successful careers in the LRT field using a phenomenological approach. Findings suggested that there are more similarities between students' expectations and experiences of

Brendan T. Chen; Dogan Gursoy

2008-01-01

428

Gerontology Instruction in Recreation and Leisure Studies Curricula: A Two-Decade Status Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Survey responses from departments of recreation and leisure studies (2000, n=66; 1991, n=81; 1981, n=97) indicated that 61% currently offer gerontology credentials, a slight decline since 1990. Combined undergraduate/graduate courses have increased; separate gerontology options are rare. Despite predictions of population aging, there has been…

MacNeil, Richard D.; Winkelhake, Kathleen; Yoshioka, Naomi

2003-01-01

429

Back to the Future: The Potential Relationship between Leisure and Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Leisure and education have been inextricably linked since the beginning of Greek civilization. However, the current view of and relationship among these notions has changed dramatically. The personnel, standards, vocational preparation, and contexts for each are largely separated. Given their central place in community life and the resources that…

Fleming, David S.; Allen, Lawrence R.; Barcelona, Robert J.

2011-01-01

430

Creating Opportunities and Ensuring Access to Leisure and Recreation Services though Inclusion in the Global Community  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is no greater challenge to the global community than to optimize opportunities for all persons. Integral to creating opportunities is the necessity of assuring access and inclusion of all persons to education, health care, employment, recreation, and leisure services. Ericsson (2001) and Cross (1999) have suggested that we are not seeking to integrate our populations into society, but rather

Shane Pegg; David M. Compton

2003-01-01

431

Children's Indoor Leisure Activities in France: Time Budget Data for Indoor Air Risk Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to determine the time spent by children (0– 18 years old) in indoor places of leisure and also day-care centers. The sampling scheme was stratified by geographic region and size of town. This study was performed from September 2005 to March 2006. Families were asked to complete a diary by phone on their children's

Marie-Thérèse Guillam; Nadège Thomas; Vincent Nedellec; Mickaël Derbez; Séverine Kirchner; Gaëlle Pédrono; Claire Ségala

2010-01-01

432

Positive Youth Development within a Family Leisure Context: Youth Perspectives of Family Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Family leisure involvement may provide the first and most essential context for positive youth development in today's society. Similar to the broader ecological perspective used in the youth development literature, family systems theory suggests that each individual in the family influences the whole, while the whole family also influences each…

Ward, Peter J.; Zabriskie, Ramon B.

2011-01-01

433

Assessment of Preference for Edible and Leisure Items in Individuals with Dementia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We conducted 2 studies on reinforcer preference in patients with dementia. Results of preference assessments yielded differential selections by 14 participants. Unlike prior studies with individuals with intellectual disabilities, all participants showed a noticeable preference for leisure items over edible items. Results of a subsequent analysis…

Ortega, Javier Virues; Iwata, Brian A.; Nogales-Gonzalez, Celia; Frades, Belen

2012-01-01

434

Gender differences in social support and leisure-time physical activity  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE To identify gender differences in social support dimensions’ effect on adults’ leisure-time physical activity maintenance, type, and time. METHODS Longitudinal study of 1,278 non-faculty public employees at a university in Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Southeastern Brazil. Physical activity was evaluated using a dichotomous question with a two-week reference period, and further questions concerning leisure-time physical activity type (individual or group) and time spent on the activity. Social support was measured with the Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Scale. For the analysis, logistic regression models were adjusted separately by gender. RESULTS A multinomial logistic regression showed an association between material support and individual activities among women (OR = 2.76; 95%CI 1.2;6.5). Affective support was associated with time spent on leisure-time physical activity only among men (OR = 1.80; 95%CI 1.1;3.2). CONCLUSIONS All dimensions of social support that were examined influenced either the type of, or the time spent on, leisure-time physical activity. In some social support dimensions, the associations detected varied by gender. Future studies should attempt to elucidate the mechanisms involved in these gender differences. PMID:25210819

Oliveira, Aldair J; Lopes, Claudia S; Rostila, Mikael; Werneck, Guilherme Loureiro; Griep, Rosane Härter; de Leon, Antônio Carlos Monteiro Ponce; Faerstein, Eduardo

2014-01-01

435

Determinants of Intensity of Participation in Leisure and Recreational Activities by Children with Cerebral Palsy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aim: To test a model of child, family, and service determinants of intensity of participation in leisure and recreational activities by children with cerebral palsy (CP). Method: Participants were 288 children with CP, age range 6 to 12 years (mean 9y 8mo, SD 2y), and their parents from seven children's hospitals. The sample comprised 166 (57.6%)…

Palisano, Robert J.; Chiarello, Lisa A.; Orlin, Margo; Oeffinger, Donna; Polansky, Marcy; Maggs, Jill; Bagley, Anita; Gorton, George

2011-01-01

436

Participation and Enjoyment of Leisure Activities in School-Aged Children with Cerebral Palsy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this study was to characterize participation in leisure activities in children with cerebral palsy (CP) and identify determinants of greater involvement. Ninety-five children of school age (9y 7mo [SD 2y 1mo]) with CP were recruited, and participation was evaluated with the Children's Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment in a…

Majnemer, Annette; Shevell, Michael; Law, Mary; Birnbaum, Rena; Chilingaryan, Gevorg; Rosenbaum, Peter; Poulin, Chantal

2008-01-01

437

Intermountain Leisure Symposium Proceedings (12th, Provo, Utah, November 21, 1991).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report includes papers submitted by 23 presenters at a conference on recreation and leisure programs, facilities, and management. Titles of the papers are as follows: (1) "Trends in Parks and Recreation Masterplan Development" (C. W. Kelsey); (2) "Play Therapy: Implications to Recreation" (G. Bader); (3) "Wilderness Therapy" (J. T. Banks and…

Nelson, Doug, Ed.; Smith, S. Harold, Ed.

438

Habitable zone limits for dry planets.  

PubMed

Most discussion of habitable planets has focused on Earth-like planets with globally abundant liquid water. For an "aqua planet" like Earth, the surface freezes if far from its sun, and the water vapor greenhouse effect runs away if too close. Here we show that "land planets" (desert worlds with limited surface water) have wider habitable zones than aqua planets. For planets at the inner edge of the habitable zone, a land planet has two advantages over an aqua planet: (i) the tropics can emit longwave radiation at rates above the traditional runaway limit because the air is unsaturated and (ii) the dry air creates a dry stratosphere that limits hydrogen escape. At the outer limits of the habitable zone, the land planet better resists global freezing because there is less water for clouds, snow, and ice. Here we describe a series of numerical experiments using a simple three-dimensional global climate model for Earth-sized planets. Other things (CO(2), rotation rate, surface pressure) unchanged, we found that liquid water remains stable at the poles of a low-obliquity land planet until net insolation exceeds 415 W/m(2) (170% that of modern Earth), compared to 330 W/m(2) (135%) for the aqua planet. At the outer limits, we found that a low-obliquity land planet freezes at 77%, while the aqua planet freezes at 90%. High-obliquity land and aqua planets freeze at 58% and 72%, respectively, with the poles offering the last refuge. We show that it is possible that, as the Sun brightens, an aqua planet like Earth can lose most of its hydrogen and become a land planet without first passing through a sterilizing runaway greenhouse. It is possible that Venus was a habitable land planet as recently as 1 billion years ago. PMID:21707386

Abe, Yutaka; Abe-Ouchi, Ayako; Sleep, Norman H; Zahnle, Kevin J

2011-06-01

439

Occupational and leisure time physical activity in contrasting relation to ambulatory blood pressure  

PubMed Central

Background While moderate and vigorous leisure time physical activities are well documented to decrease the risk for cardiovascular disease, several studies have demonstrated an increased risk for cardiovascular disease in workers with high occupational activity. Research on the underlying causes to the contrasting effects of occupational and leisure time physical activity on cardiovascular health is lacking. The aim of this study was to examine the relation of objective and self-report measures of occupational and leisure time physical activity with 24-h ambulatory systolic blood pressure (BP). Methods Results for self-reported physical activity are based on observations in 182 workers (60% male, mean age 51 years), while valid objective physical activity data were available in 151 participants. The usual level of physical activity was assessed by 5 items from the Job Content Questionnaire (high physical effort, lifting heavy loads, rapid physical activity, awkward body positions and awkward positions of head or arms at work) and one item asking about the general level of physical activity during non-working time. On a regular working day, participants wore an ambulatory BP monitor and an accelerometer physical activity monitor during 24 h. Associations were examined by means of Analysis of Covariance. Results Workers with an overall high level of self-reported occupational physical activity as well as those who reported to often lift heavy loads at work had a higher mean systolic BP at work, at home and during sleep. However, no associations were observed between objectively measured occupational physical activity and BP. In contrast, those with objectively measured high proportion of moderate and vigorous leisure time physical activity had a significantly lower mean systolic BP during daytime, while no differences were observed according to self-reported level of leisure time physical activity. Conclusions These findings suggest that workers reporting static occupational physical activities, unlike general physically demanding tasks characterized by dynamic movements of large muscle groups, are related to a higher daily systolic BP, while high objective levels of moderate and vigorous leisure time physical activity are related to lower daytime systolic BP. Ambulatory systolic BP may be a physiological explanatory factor for the contrasting effects of occupational and leisure time physical activity. PMID:23164344

2012-01-01

440

Adolescents' leisure activities, parental monitoring and cigarette smoking - a cross-sectional study  

PubMed Central

Background Adolescent participation in leisure activities is developmentally beneficial, but certain activities may increase health compromising behaviours, such as tobacco smoking. A limited range of leisure activities has been studied, with little research on out-of-school settings where parental supervision is a potential protective factor. Tobacco smoking is an important, potentially modifiable health determinant, so understanding associations between adolescent leisure activities, parental monitoring, demographic factors and daily smoking may inform preventive strategies. These associations are reported for a New Zealand adolescent sample. Methods Randomly selected schools (n = 145) participated in the 2006 Youth In-depth Survey, a national, biennial study of Year 10 students (predominantly 14-15 years). School classes were randomly selected and students completed a self-report questionnaire in class time. Adjustment for clustering at the school level was included in all analyses. Since parental monitoring and demographic variables potentially confound relations between adolescent leisure activities and smoking, variables were screened before multivariable modelling. Given prior indications of demographic differences, gender and ethnic specific regression models were built. Results and Discussion Overall, 8.5% of the 3,161 students were daily smokers, including more females (10.5%) than males (6.5%). In gender and ethnic specific multivariate analysis of associations with daily smoking (adjusted for age, school socioeconomic decile rating, leisure activities and ethnicity or gender, respectively), parental monitoring exhibited a consistently protective, dose response effect, although less strongly among M?ori. Attending a place of worship and going to the movies were protective for non-M?ori, as was watching sports, whereas playing team sport was protective for all, except males. Attending a skate park was a risk factor for females and M?ori which demonstrated a strong dose response effect. Conclusions There were significant differences in the risk of daily smoking across leisure activities by gender and ethnicity. This reinforces the need to be alert for, and respond to, gender and ethnic differences in the pattern of risk and protective factors. However, given the consistently protective, dose response effect of parental monitoring, our findings confirm that assisting oversight of adolescent leisure activities may be a key component in public health policy and prevention programmes. PMID:21645407

2011-01-01

441

Teaching Healthy Habits to Young Children: Handwashing, Toileting and Toothbrushing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching children habits is a routine part of many early childhood program curricula, with teachers never really stopping to think about what or how teaching is affecting their students. Habits are formed with consistent practice. Habits can be taught to children easily when teachers have some creativity to the actions. In this article, the author…

Oshikanlu, Seyi

2006-01-01

442

Radiological Habits Survey: Environment Report RL 03/13  

E-print Network

Radiological Habits Survey: 2013 Environment Report RL 03/13 Cefas contract report C2848 Radiological Habits Survey: Springfields, 2012 V.E. Ly, F.J. Clyne, C.J. Garrod and A. Dewar Peer reviewed by G.E., Clyne, F.J., Garrod, C.J. and Dewar, A., 2013. Radiological Habits Survey: Springfields, 2012. RL 03

443

Radiological Habits Survey: Barrow and the south-west  

E-print Network

Radiological Habits Survey: Barrow and the south-west 2013 Environment Report RL 01/13 Cefas Report RL 01/13 Final report Radiological Habits Survey: Barrow and the south-west Cumbrian coast, 2012 C.E., Rumney, P. and Papworth, G.P., 2013. Radiological Habits Survey: Barrow and the south-west Cumbrian coast

444

Radiological Habits Survey: Environment Report RL 02a/13  

E-print Network

Radiological Habits Survey: 2013 Environment Report RL 02a/13 Cefas contract report C2848 Low Level Final report Radiological Habits Survey: Low Level Waste Repository, 2012 F.J. Clyne, C.J. Garrod, V. and Papworth, G.P., 2013. Radiological Habits Survey: Low Level Waste Repository, 2012. RL 02a/13. Cefas

445

Radiological Habits Survey: Environment Report RL 03/12  

E-print Network

Radiological Habits Survey: 2012 Environment Report RL 03/12 Cefas contract report C2848/12 Final report Radiological Habits Survey: Aldermaston and Burghfield, 2011 V.E. Ly, C.J. Garrod, F should be cited as: Ly, V.E., Garrod, C.J., Clyne, F.J. and Rumney, P., 2012. Radiological Habits Survey

446

Factors Impacting Habitable Volume Requirements: Results from the 2011 Habitable Volume Workshop  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report documents the results of the Habitable Volume Workshop held April 18-21, 2011 in Houston, TX at the Center for Advanced Space Studies-Universities Space Research Association. The workshop was convened by NASA to examine the factors that feed into understanding minimum habitable volume requirements for long duration space missions. While there have been confinement studies and analogs that have provided the basis for the guidance found in current habitability standards, determining the adequacy of the volume for future long duration exploration missions is a more complicated endeavor. It was determined that an improved understanding of the relationship between behavioral and psychosocial stressors, available habitable and net habitable volume, and interior layouts was needed to judge the adequacy of long duration habitat designs. The workshop brought together a multi-disciplinary group of experts from the medical and behavioral sciences, spaceflight, human habitability disciplines and design professionals. These subject matter experts identified the most salient design-related stressors anticipated for a long duration exploration mission. The selected stressors were based on scientific evidence, as well as personal experiences from spaceflight and analogs. They were organized into eight major categories: allocation of space; workspace; general and individual control of environment; sensory deprivation; social monotony; crew composition; physical and medical issues; and contingency readiness. Mitigation strategies for the identified stressors and their subsequent impact to habitat design were identified. Recommendations for future research to address the stressors and mitigating design impacts are presented.

Simon, M.; Whitmire, A.; Otto, C.; Neubek, D. (Editor)

2011-01-01

447

Sources of Individual Differences in Reading Comprehension and Reading Fluency  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the common and distinct contributions of context-free and context reading skill to reading comprehension and the contributions of context-free reading skill and reading comprehension to context fluency. The 113 4th-grade participants were measured in reading comprehension, read aloud a folktale, and read aloud the folktale's words in a random list. Fluency was scaled as speed (words read

Joseph R. Jenkins; Lynn S. Fuchs; Paul van den Broek; Christine Espin; Stanley L. Deno

2003-01-01

448

Changes in Faculty Reading Behaviors: The Impact of Electronic Journals on the University of Georgia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study that explored the role electronic journals currently play in faculty's weekly scholarly reading habits at the University of Georgia. Discusses faculty choices for locating full-text articles and reports survey results that indicated that electronic access to journals, particularly library-funded access, is integral to research…

Smith, Erin T.

2003-01-01

449

Substance Abuse in the Workingplace: Readings in the Labor-Management Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains a collection of readings offering a broad overview of the subject of drug and alcohol abuse in the workplace. Included are: (1) "'Miller Time' in Antebellum America: An Historical Appraisal of the Drinking Habits of the Working Class" (John C. McWilliams); (2) "The Impact of Substance Abuse at the Workplace" (James T. Wrich,…

Hogler, Raymond L., Ed.

450

Research on Learners' Preferences for Reading from a Printed Text or from a Computer Screen  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, 254 Royal Roads University School of Business learners (graduates and undergraduates) were surveyed on their online course-related reading habits and choices. Based on their responses and anecdotal comments and the data from follow-up interviews with six of the participants, learners preferred print copies of text materials for…

Spencer, Carrie

2006-01-01

451

Metagenomics: Read length matters  

E-print Network

Obtaining an unbiased view of the phylogenetic composition and functional diversity within a microbial community is one central objective of metagenomic analysis. New technologies, such as 454 pyrosequencing, have dramatically reduced sequencing costs, to a level where metagenomic analysis may become a viable alternative to more-focused assessments of the phylogenetic (e.g., 16S rRNA genes) and functional diversity of microbial communities. To determine whether the short (?100 to 200 bp) sequence reads obtained from pyrosequencing are appropriate for the phylogenetic and functional characterization of microbial communities, the results of BLAST and COG analyses were compared for long (?750 bp) and randomly derived short reads from each of two microbial and one virioplankton metagenome libraries. Overall, BLASTX searches against the GenBank nr database found far fewer homologs within the short-sequence libraries. This was especially pronounced for a Chesapeake Bay virioplankton metagenome library. Increasing the short-read sampling depth or the length of derived short reads (up to 400 bp) did not completely resolve the discrepancy in BLASTX homolog detection. Only in cases where the long-read sequence had a close homolog (low BLAST E-score) did the derived short-read sequence also find a significant homolog. Thus, more-distant homologs of microbial and viral genes are not detected by short-read sequences. Among COG hits, derived short reads sampled at a depth of two short reads per long read missed up to 72 % of the COG hits found using long reads.

K. Eric Wommack; Jaysheel Bhavsar; Jacques Ravel

2008-01-01

452

Understanding On-Screen Reading Behaviors in Academic Contexts: A Case Study of Five Graduate English-as-a-Second-Language Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Undoubtedly, new areas of functionality for electronic texts will come to the fore and create new reading habits and expectations for dealing and interacting with text as electronic texts become dominant in the academic world. These new forms of reading will gradually become as natural as the different activities readers now take for granted, such…

Chou, I-Chia

2012-01-01

453

Applying behavior analysis to clinical problems: review and analysis of habit reversal  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides a review and analysis of habit reversal, a multicomponent procedure developed by Azrin and Nunn (1973, 1974) for the treatment of nervous habits, tics, and stuttering. The article starts with a discussion of the behaviors treated with habit reversal, behavioral covariation among habits, and functional analysis and assessment of habits. Research on habit reversal and simplified versions

RAYMOND G. MILTENBERGER; R. WAYNE FUQUA; D W Woods

1998-01-01

454

Habitability Assessment at Gale Crater: Implications from Initial Results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Mars Science Laboratory has made measurements that contribute to our assessment of habitability potential at Gale Crater. Campaign organization into a consistent set of measurable parameters allows us to rank the relative habitability potential of sites we study, ultimately laying a foundation for a global context inclusive of past and future Mars mission observations. Chemical, physical, geological and geographic attributes shape environments. Isolated measurements of these factors may be insufficient to deem an environment habitable, but the sum of measurements can help predict locations with greater or lesser habitability potential. Metrics for habitability assessment based on field work at sites sharing features analogous to Mars have previously been suggested. Grouping these metrics helps us to develop an index for their application to habitability assessment. The index is comprised of the weighted values for four groups of parameters, the habitability threshold for each is to be determined.

Conrad, Pamela G.; Archer, D.; Atreya, S.; Blake, D.; Coll, P.; delaTorre, M.; Edgett, K.; Eigenbrode, J.; Fisk, M.; Freissent, C.; Franz, H.; Glavin, D. P.; Gomez, F.; Haberle, R.; Hamilton, V.; Jones, J.; Kah, L.; Leshin, L.; Mchaffy, P. M.; McAdam, A.; McKay, C.; Navarro-Gonzalez, R.; Steele, A.; Stern, J.; Treiman, A.

2013-01-01

455

STS mission duration enhancement study: (orbiter habitability)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Habitability improvements for early flights that could be implemented with minimum impact were investigated. These included: (1) launching the water dispenser in the on-orbit position instead of in a locker; (2) the sleep pallet concept; and (3) suction cup foot restraints. Past studies that used volumetric terms and requirements for crew size versus mission duration were reviewed and common definitions of key habitability terms were established. An accurately dimensioned drawing of the orbiter mid-deck, locating all of the known major elements was developed. Finally, it was established that orbiter duration and crew size can be increased with minimum modification and impact to the crew module. Preliminary concepts of the aft med-deck, external versions of expanded tunnel adapters (ETA), and interior concepts of ETA-3 were developed and comparison charts showing the various factors of volume, weight, duration, size, impact to orbiter, and number of sleep stations were generated.

Carlson, A. D.

1979-01-01

456

Formation, Habitability, and Detection of Extrasolar Moons  

E-print Network

The diversity and quantity of moons in the Solar System suggest a manifold population of natural satellites exist around extrasolar planets. Of peculiar interest from an astrobiological perspective, the number of sizable moons in the stellar habitable zones may outnumber planets in these circumstellar regions. With technological and theoretical methods now allowing for the detection of sub-Earth-sized extrasolar planets, the first detection of an extrasolar moon appears feasible. In this review, we summarize formation channels of massive exomoons that are potentially detectable with current or near-future instruments. We discuss the orbital effects that govern exomoon evolution, we present a framework to characterize an exomoon's stellar plus planetary illumination as well as its tidal heating, and we address the techniques that have been proposed to search for exomoons. Most notably, we show that natural satellites in the range of 0.1 - 0.5 Earth mass (i) are potentially habitable, (ii) can form within the c...

Heller, René; Kipping, David; Limbach, Mary Anne; Turner, Edwin; Greenberg, Richard; Sasaki, Takanori; Bolmont, Émeline; Grasset, Olivier; Lewis, Karen; Barnes, Rory; Zuluaga, Jorge I

2014-01-01

457

Habits of Mind for the Science Laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Laboratory experience should be an integral part of any high school science program, especially laboratory activities designed so that students gather data, explore concepts, and answer questions through inquiry. So, how can science teachers avoid negligence and minimize the risk of accidents when preparing for, instructing, and supervising students before, during, and after lab? Cultivating the following "habits of mind" at each stage of laboratory work is the first big step toward achieving safety in the laboratory setting.

Eick, Charles; Hayes, Lisa; Smith, Margaret

2005-09-01

458

Gambling Habits Among Aged African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a cross-sectional study we investigated the correlates of gambling habits among a sample of 80 independently living African-American elderly persons. The participants were selected from two Senior Citizen Centers that provide inexpensive or free pleasure trips from Los Angeles, California to gambling sites in Nevada. The data for this study were collected through face-to-face interviews conducted by three trained

Mohsen Bazargan; Shahrzad H. Bazargan; Mahfuja Akanda

2001-01-01

459

On the probability of habitable planets  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the past 15 years, astronomers have revealed that a significant fraction of the stars should harbour planets and that it is likely that terrestrial planets are abundant in our galaxy. Among these planets, how many are habitable, i.e. suitable for life and its evolution? These questions have been discussed for years and we are slowly making progress. Liquid water remains the key criterion for habitability. It can exist in the interior of a variety of planetary bodies, but it is usually assumed that liquid water at the surface interacting with rocks and light is necessary for emergence of a life able to modify its environment and evolve. The first key issue is thus to understand the climatic conditions allowing surface liquid water assuming a suitable atmosphere. These have been studied with global mean one-dimensional (1D) models which have defined the `classical habitable zone', the range of orbital distances within which worlds can maintain liquid water on their surfaces (Kasting et al. 1993). A new generation of 3D climate models based on universal equations and tested on bodies in the solar system are now available to explore with accuracy climate regimes that could locally allow liquid water. The second key issue is now to better understand the processes which control the composition and the evolution of the atmospheres of exoplanets, and in particular the geophysical feedbacks that seem to be necessary to maintain a continuously habitable climate. From that point of view, it is not impossible that the Earth's case may be special and uncommon.

Forget, François

2013-07-01

460

Radiative habitable zones in martian polar environments.  

PubMed

The biologically damaging solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation (quantified by the DNA-weighted dose) reaches the martian surface in extremely high levels. Searching for potentially habitable UV-protected environments on Mars, we considered the polar ice caps that consist of a seasonally varying CO2 ice cover and a permanent H2O ice layer. It was found that, though the CO2 ice is insufficient by itself to screen the UV radiation, at approximately 1 m depth within the perennial H2O ice the DNA-weighted dose is reduced to terrestrial levels. This depth depends strongly on the optical properties of the H2O ice layers (for instance snow-like layers). The Earth-like DNA-weighted dose and Photosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR) requirements were used to define the upper and lower limits of the northern and southern polar Radiative Habitable Zone (RHZ) for which a temporal and spatial mapping was performed. Based on these studies we conclude that photosynthetic life might be possible within the ice layers of the polar regions. The thickness varies along each martian polar spring and summer between approximately 1.5 and 2.4 m for H2O ice-like layers, and a few centimeters for snow-like covers. These martian Earth-like radiative habitable environments may be primary targets for future martian astrobiological missions. Special attention should be paid to planetary protection, since the polar RHZ may also be subject to terrestrial contamination by probes. PMID:16044598

Córdoba-Jabonero, Carmen; Zorzano, María-Paz; Selsis, Franck; Patel, Manish R; Cockell, Charles S

2005-06-01

461

The quantitative modelling of human spatial habitability  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A theoretical model for evaluating human spatial habitability (HuSH) in the proposed U.S. Space Station is developed. Optimizing the fitness of the space station environment for human occupancy will help reduce environmental stress due to long-term isolation and confinement in its small habitable volume. The development of tools that operationalize the behavioral bases of spatial volume for visual kinesthetic, and social logic considerations is suggested. This report further calls for systematic scientific investigations of how much real and how much perceived volume people need in order to function normally and with minimal stress in space-based settings. The theoretical model presented in this report can be applied to any size or shape interior, at any scale of consideration, for the Space Station as a whole to an individual enclosure or work station. Using as a point of departure the Isovist model developed by Dr. Michael Benedikt of the U. of Texas, the report suggests that spatial habitability can become as amenable to careful assessment as engineering and life support concerns.

Wise, James A.

1988-01-01

462

Study of television viewing habits in children.  

PubMed

Previous studies from developing countries have reported that Television (TV) viewing, if excessive and of poor quality has a proven negative influence on child health. Indian studies on this subject are few. The present study aimed at determining TV viewing habits of children and their families as well as parental perspectives on the impact of TV on child health using a provider completed indigenously developed questionnaire in Hindi. The study group comprised of 109 children attending a government hospital who belonged predominantly to lower socio-economic strata with poor maternal literacy. It was observed that 100 % children watched excessive TV (> 2 h daily), with majority viewing unsupervised and low quality content. There were minimal parental restrictions and no active discussion regarding contents. Negative impact was found on play, hobbies, sleep hygiene and eating habits in most children. Most parents were unaware of unhealthy viewing and the associated deleterious effects. As pediatricians we need to enquire about TV viewing habits routinely and educate parents about appropriate TV viewing. PMID:24682808

Mukherjee, Sharmila Banerjee; Gupta, Yogita; Aneja, Satinder

2014-11-01

463

Using Drained Spacecraft Propellant Tanks for Habitation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A document proposes that future spacecraft for planetary and space exploration be designed to enable reuse of drained propellant tanks for occupancy by humans. This proposal would enable utilization of volume and mass that would otherwise be unavailable and, in some cases, discarded. Such utilization could enable reductions in cost, initial launch mass, and number of launches needed to build up a habitable outpost in orbit about, or on the surface of, a planet or moon. According to the proposal, the large propellant tanks of a spacecraft would be configured to enable crews to gain access to their interiors. The spacecraft would incorporate hatchways, between a tank and the crew volume, that would remain sealed while the tank contained propellant and could be opened after the tank was purged by venting to outer space and then refilled with air. The interior of the tank would be pre-fitted with some habitation fixtures that were compatible with the propellant environment. Electrical feed-throughs, used originally for gauging propellants, could be reused to supply electric power to equipment installed in the newly occupied space. After a small amount of work, the tank would be ready for long-term use as a habitation module.

Thomas, Andrew S. W.

2009-01-01

464

Neighborhood contextual characteristics and leisure-time physical activity: Pró-Saúde Study  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE To estimate the association between neighborhood contextual variables and leisure-time physical activity. METHODS Data were analyzed for 2,674 adults from Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Southeastern Brazil, participating in the longitudinal study in 1999. Leisure-time physical activity in the two preceding weeks was assessed dichotomously. Sex, age, income, education and marital status were analyzed as individual variables. Neighborhood contextual characteristics were the social development index, the Theil index and the proportion of the area occupied by parks, squares and gardens, categorized in quintiles. The unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were estimated using multilevel logistic regression. RESULTS The prevalence of leisure-time physical activity was higher in residents in neighborhoods with higher indices of social development (between 32.3% and 53.1%) and a greater proportion of parks, squares and gardens (between 35.8% and 53.1%). Regarding the social development index, the adjusted odds ratios for physical activity were 1.22 (95%CI 0.93;1.61), 1.44 (95%CI 1.09;1.89), 1.75 (95%CI 1.31;2.34) and 2.25 (95%CI 1.70;3.00) for residents in neighborhoods in the second, third, fourth and fifth quintiles, respectively, compared with residents in neighborhoods in the first quintile. The odds ratios for the proportion of parks, squares and gardens were 0.90 (95%CI 0.69;1.19), 1.41 (95%CI 1.04;1.90), 1.63 (95%CI 1.24;2.14) and 1.05 (95%CI 0.80;1.38) for residents in neighborhoods in the second, third, fourth and fifth quintiles. After adjusting for the other variables, only the social development index continued to be associated with leisure-time physical activity, with odds ratios of 1.41 (95%CI 1.02;1.95); 1.54 (95%CI 1.12;2.12); 1.65 (95%CI 1.14;2.39) and 2.13 (95%CI 1.40;3.25) for residents in neighborhoods in the second, third, fourth and fifth quintiles. CONCLUSIONS Leisure-time physical activity was more common in residents in neighborhoods with higher social development indices. No association was observed between access to leisure areas and income inequality. PMID:24897046

Boclin, Karine de Lima Sírio; Faerstein, Eduardo; de Leon, Antônio Carlos Monteiro Ponce

2014-01-01

465

Can Read, Can Write  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Linda Worden always loved books. She liked the way they felt in her hands and the way they smelled. The only problem was she could not read them--until she took part in Channel 4's "Can't Read, Can't Write". This article tells the story of Linda Worden and how learning to read changed her life. Her attempts to learn as an adult are a shocking…

Melia, Ed

2008-01-01

466

Metagenomics: read length matters.  

PubMed

Obtaining an unbiased view of the phylogenetic composition and functional diversity within a microbial community is one central objective of metagenomic analysis. New technologies, such as 454 pyrosequencing, have dramatically reduced sequencing costs, to a level where metagenomic analysis may become a viable alternative to more-focused assessments of the phylogenetic (e.g., 16S rRNA genes) and functional diversity of microbial communities. To determine whether the short (approximately 100 to 200 bp) sequence reads obtained from pyrosequencing are appropriate for the phylogenetic and functional characterization of microbial communities, the results of BLAST and COG analyses were compared for long (approximately 750 bp) and randomly derived short reads from each of two microbial and one virioplankton metagenome libraries. Overall, BLASTX searches against the GenBank nr database found far fewer homologs within the short-sequence libraries. This was especially pronounced for a Chesapeake Bay virioplankton metagenome library. Increasing the short-read sampling depth or the length of derived short reads (up to 400 bp) did not completely resolve the discrepancy in BLASTX homolog detection. Only in cases where the long-read sequence had a close homolog (low BLAST E-score) did the derived short-read sequence also find a significant homolog. Thus, more-distant homologs of microbial and viral genes are not detected by short-read sequences. Among COG hits, derived short reads sampled at a depth of two short reads per long read missed up to 72% of the COG hits found using long reads. Noting the current limitation in computational approaches for the analysis of short sequences, the use of short-read-length libraries does not appear to be an appropriate tool for the metagenomic characterization of microbial communities. PMID:18192407

Wommack, K Eric; Bhavsar, Jaysheel; Ravel, Jacques

2008-03-01

467

Metagenomics: Read Length Matters? †  

PubMed Central

Obtaining an unbiased view of the phylogenetic composition and functional diversity within a microbial community is one central objective of metagenomic analysis. New technologies, such as 454 pyrosequencing, have dramatically reduced sequencing costs, to a level where metagenomic analysis may become a viable alternative to more-focused assessments of the phylogenetic (e.g., 16S rRNA genes) and functional diversity of microbial communities. To determine whether the short (?100 to 200 bp) sequence reads obtained from pyrosequencing are appropriate for the phylogenetic and functional characterization of microbial communities, the results of BLAST and COG analyses were compared for long (?750 bp) and randomly derived short reads from each of two microbial and one virioplankton metagenome libraries. Overall, BLASTX searches against the GenBank nr database found far fewer homologs within the short-sequence libraries. This was especially pronounced for a Chesapeake Bay virioplankton metagenome library. Increasing the short-read sampling depth or the length of derived short reads (up to 400 bp) did not completely resolve the discrepancy in BLASTX homolog detection. Only in cases where the long-read sequence had a close homolog (low BLAST E-score) did the derived short-read sequence also find a significant homolog. Thus, more-distant homologs of microbial and viral genes are not detected by short-read sequences. Among COG hits, derived short reads sampled at a depth of two short reads per long read missed up to 72% of the COG hits found using long reads. Noting the current limitation in computational approaches for the analysis of short sequences, the use of short-read-length libraries does not appear to be an appropriate tool for the metagenomic characterization of microbial communities. PMID:18192407

Wommack, K. Eric; Bhavsar, Jaysheel; Ravel, Jacques

2008-01-01

468

Is leisure time availability associated with more or less severe daily stressors? An examination using eight-day diary data  

PubMed Central

The stress suppressing model proposes that sufficient resources reduce stress. The stress exposure model suggests that certain factors expose individuals to more stress. The current study tested these two models by assessing the within-person lagging effect of leisure time on perceived severity of daily stressors. Analyzing eight-day diary data (N=2,022), we found that having more leisure time than usual on a day reduced perceived severity of daily stressors the next day and that the decrease in severity became larger with further increase in leisure time. Additionally, the effect is much stronger among busy individuals who usually had little leisure time. The findings demonstrated an accelerated suppressing effect that differed between-person, and the lagging effect affords stronger implication for causality than correlational analysis. PMID:24563564

Qian, Xinyi Lisa; Yarnal, Careen M.; Almeida, David M.

2014-01-01

469

Developmental reading disorder  

MedlinePLUS

... other causes of learning disabilities, especially reading disability. Emotional disorders, intellectual disability, brain diseases, and certain cultural and education factors can cause learning disabilities. Before diagnosing DRD, ...

470

NIH study finds leisure-time physical activity extends life expectancy as much as 4.5 years  

Cancer.gov

Leisure-time physical activity is associated with longer life expectancy, even at relatively low levels of activity and regardless of body weight, according to a study by a team of researchers led by the NCI. The study, which found that people who engaged in leisure-time physical activity had life expectancy gains of as much as 4.5 years, appeared Nov. 6, 2012, in PLoS Medicine.

471

Dissolution of Associational Life? Testing the Individualization and Informalization Hypotheses on Leisure Activities in The Netherlands Between 1975 and 2005  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we examine whether individualization and informalization processes have occurred in the field of leisure in\\u000a The Netherlands, by analyzing the social context of a wide range of activities between 1975 and 2005. We find that the choice\\u000a of a particular leisure context is dependent on education, gender, year of birth, age and time pressure. We find evidence

Erik van Ingen; Paul Dekker

2011-01-01

472

The role of leisure pursuits in adaptation processes among Afghan refugees who have immigrated to Winnipeg, Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a gap in understanding the adaptation processes of minor, less established, immigrants, including the potential contribution of leisure pursuits to these processes. This study explored the role of leisure among Afghan refugees who have recently immigrated to a western Canadian city in adapting to their immigration processes. Using semi?structured one?on?one interviews with 11 Afghan immigrant women and men

Julie A. C. Stack; Yoshitaka Iwasaki

2009-01-01

473

Reading space into numbers: a cross-linguistic comparison of the SNARC effect.  

PubMed

Small numbers are spontaneously associated with left space and larger numbers with right space (the SNARC effect), for example when classifying numbers by parity. This effect is often attributed to reading habits but a causal link has so far never been documented. We report that bilingual Russian-Hebrew readers show a SNARC effect after reading Cyrillic script (from left-to-right) that is significantly reduced after reading Hebrew script (from right-to-left). In contrast, they have similar SNARC effects after listening to texts in either language. These results support the view that spatially directional scanning habits contribute to the spatial association of numbers but also emphasize its flexibility. PMID:18514179

Shaki, Samuel; Fischer, Martin H

2008-08-01

474

Enhanced Avoidance Habits in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder  

PubMed Central

Background Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a psychiatric condition that typically manifests in compulsive urges to perform irrational or excessive avoidance behaviors. A recent account has suggested that compulsivity in OCD might arise from excessive stimulus-response habit formation, rendering behavior insensitive to goal value. We tested if OCD patients have a bias toward habits using a novel shock avoidance task. To explore how habits, as a putative model of compulsivity, might relate to obsessions and anxiety, we recorded measures of contingency knowledge, explicit fear, and physiological arousal. Methods Twenty-five OCD patients and 25 control subjects completed a shock avoidance task designed to induce habits through overtraining, which were identified using goal-devaluation. The relationship between habitual behavior, erroneous cognitions, and physiological arousal was assessed using behavior, questionnaires, subjective report, and skin conductance responses. Results A devaluation sensitivity test revealed that both groups could inhibit unnecessary behavioral responses before overtraining. Following overtraining, OCD patients showed greater avoidance habits than control subjects. Groups did not differ in conditioned arousal (skin conductance responses) at any stage. Additionally, groups did not differ in contingency knowledge or explicit ratings of shock expectancy following the habit test. Habit responses were associated with a subjective urge to respond. Conclusions These data indicate that OCD patients have a tendency to develop excessive avoidance habits, providing support for a habit account of OCD. Future research is needed to fully characterize the causal role of physiological arousal and explicit fear in habit formation in OCD. PMID:23510580

Gillan, Claire M.; Morein-Zamir, Sharon; Urcelay, Gonzalo P.; Sule, Akeem; Voon, Valerie; Apergis-Schoute, Annemieke M.; Fineberg, Naomi A.; Sahakian, Barbara J.; Robbins, Trevor W.

2014-01-01

475

Some work and some play: microscopic and macroscopic approaches to labor and leisure.  

PubMed

Given the option, humans and other animals elect to distribute their time between work and leisure, rather than choosing all of one and none of the other. Traditional accounts of partial allocation have characterised behavior on a macroscopic timescale, reporting and studying the mean times spent in work or leisure. However, averaging over the more microscopic processes that govern choices is known to pose tricky theoretical problems, and also eschews any possibility of direct contact with the neural computations involved. We develop a microscopic framework, formalized as a semi-Markov decision process with possibly stochastic choices, in which subjects approximately maximise their expected returns by making momentary commitments to one or other activity. We show macroscopic utilities that arise from microscopic ones, and demonstrate how facets such as imperfect substitutability can arise in a more straightforward microscopic manner. PMID:25474151

Niyogi, Ritwik K; Shizgal, Peter; Dayan, Peter

2014-12-01

476

NICHD Research Program in Reading Development, Reading Disorders,  

E-print Network

continues to be stagnant 37% of fourth graders read below "Basic" level and much higher in minority groups to maximize their reading comprehension. ­ Can apply decoding and word recognition skills accuratelyNICHD Research Program in Reading Development, Reading Disorders, and Reading Instruction

Rau, Don C.

477

Influence of cultural factors on leisure sports behavior of city dwellers in Shenzhen  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was designed to investigate the relationships among cultural factors and leisure sports behavior of city dwellers which based on Karahanna's behavior theory.Structural equation modeling techniques were used to test the hypothesized relations in a sample of 383 dwellers in Shenzhen,China.SPSS 16.0 and AMOS16.0 were employed to analyze survey data to consider the interactive influences of cultural value,social support,cognition,skills

Kexiang Wu; Jing Cheng; Minghai Ye; Tingting Zeng

2011-01-01

478

Cardiovascular responses to leisure alpine skiing in habitually sedentary middle?aged men  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to evaluate the cardiovascular responses to leisure alpine skiing of habitually sedentary and not particularly active adult men, a series of continuous recordings of heart rate (HR) was performed on 10 subjects aged 51.0±1.3 years (x ± s.e.) during a 6?day ski trip at an altitude of 1000–2485 m. From the very first day, the subjects spontaneously adopted

J. F. Kahn; J. C. Jouanin; H. Monod

1993-01-01

479

Exploring Self-Perceptions and Social Influences as Correlates of Adolescent Leisure-Time Physical Activity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined adolescent leisure-time physical activity correlates using the expectancy-value (EV) model. Adolescents (N = 857) completed questionnaires to assess competence and value self-perceptions, social influences, and physical activity. Direct and indirect effects of self-perceptions and parent and best friend influences on physical activity were explored using structural equation modeling. Measurement models were a good fit to the data

Catherine M. Sabiston; Peter R. E. Crocker

2008-01-01

480

Postal Workers’ Occupational and Leisure-time Sun Safety Behaviors (United States)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives United States Postal Service letter carriers are exposed to long bouts of UVR and thus are vulnerable to skin cancer. While\\u000a previous studies have shown that occupational sun protection is often deficient, few studies have examined outdoor workers’\\u000a behavior during leisure time.\\u000a \\u000a Methods Subjects (n = 2,660) self-reported widebrim hat and sunscreen use over the past five workdays and

Elizabeth C. Lewis; Joni A. Mayer; Donald Slymen

2006-01-01

481

Changing American home life: trends in domestic leisure and storage among middle-class families  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study of middle-class American families draws on ethnography and urban economic history, focusing on patterns of leisure\\u000a time and household consumption and clutter. We trace how residential life evolved historically from cramped urban quarters\\u000a into contemporary middle-class residences and examine how busy working families use house spaces. Our ethnographic sample\\u000a consists of 24 Los Angeles families in which both

Jeanne E. Arnold; Ursula A. Lang

2007-01-01

482

Does race\\/ethnicity moderate the association between job strain and leisure time physical activity?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Racial\\/ethnic minorities report myriad barriers to regular leisure time physical activity (LTPA), including the stress and\\u000a fatigue resulting from their occupational activities.Purpose: We sought to investigate whether an association exists between job strain and LTPA, and whether it is modified by race or\\u000a ethnicity.Methods: Data were collected from 1,740 adults employed in 26 small manufacturing businesses in eastern Massachusetts.

Gary G. Bennett; Kathleen Y. Wolin; Jill S. Avrunin; Anne M. Stoddard; Glorian Sorensen; Elizabeth Barbeau; Karen M. Emmons

2006-01-01

483

Habitability in Advanced Space Mission Design. Part 2; Evaluation of Habitation Elements  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Habitability is a fundamental component of any long-duration human habitat. Due to the pressures on the crew and the criticality of their performance, this is particularly true of habitats or vehicles proposed for use in any human space mission of duration over 30 days. This paper, the second of three on this subject, will focus on evaluating all the vehicles currently under consideration for the Mars Design Reference Mission through application of metrics for habitability (proposed in a previous paper, see references Adams/McCurdy 1999).

Adams, Constance M.; McCurdy, Matthew R.

2000-01-01

484

PLATO Elementary Reading Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The PLATO Elementary Reading Curriculum (PERC), a computer based instructional program, is presented in this report. The aims of the PERC staff were to: (1) build a complete computer based reading curriculum designed to bring students from illiteracy to literacy; (2) design into the curriculum structure the possibility for use in a wide range of…

Illinois Univ., Urbana. Computer-Based Education Research Lab.

485

Children's Reading Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of the "Journal of Children and Youth" focuses on children's strategies for decoding and comprehending written language and teacher's strategies for facilitating this process. The issue includes eleven papers by members of the Indiana Reading Professors division of the Indiana State Reading Council and several invited guests. Peggy…

Brown, Rexel E., Ed.

1980-01-01

486

The Reading Solution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests an augmented role for reading and comprehension in the expansion of students' knowledge base and the development of ethical values. Suggests that one class hour each day be spent reading works of high literary quality reflecting the mores and moral standards of civilized society. (DMM)

Manning, John C.

1988-01-01

487

CALIPSO Data Read Software  

Atmospheric Science Data Center

  CALIPSO Data Read Software Callable routines in Interactive Data Language ... read access to CALIPSO science data files. Routines and documentation are available in both tar and zipped file bundles. The tar file ... Solutions .   CALIPSO_READERS_3.4v1 Software (IDL) tar  (612.9 KB) zip  (261.4 KB) ...

2014-07-17

488

Visual Search and Reading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effect on reading speed of the number of target items being searched for and the number of target occurrences in the text was examined. The subjects, 24 college undergraduate volunteers, were presented with a list of target words, and then they read a passage for comprehension which contained occurrences of the target words (Experiment1) or…

Calfee, Robert C.; Jameson, Penny

489

Speed Listening and Reading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compressed speech (speed listening), in which audiotapes are speeded up, is examined in this paper along with its relationship to the reading process. Among the topics discussed first are the close relationship between reading and listening, the rationale behind compressed speech, and the use of compressed speech in business communication, special…

Bradtmueller, Weldon G.

490

Reading, Writing, and Rings  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This educators guide blends space exploration with reading and writing. The materials are divided into two units. One unit is designed for students in grades 1 and 2 while the other unit focuses on students in grades 3 and 4. Each includes a series of lessons that take students on a path of exploration of Saturn using reading and writing prompts.

2004-01-01

491

Read With Your Fingers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners work in partners to create and exchange messages written in Braille. Learners use a Braille key and thumbtacks to write their messages in Braille. This activity will demonstrate to learners how kids who are blind read. It also demonstrates that human brains are "plastic" and can be re-trained to read by touch.

American Museum of Natural History

2012-06-26

492

CRITICAL READING DEVELOPS EARLY.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS ISSUE OF THE READING AIDS SERIES PRESENTS A DISCUSSION OF THE POTENTIAL FOR CRITICAL READING AMONG YOUNG CHILDREN AND HOW IT CAN BE DEVELOPED. IT OFFERS SUGGESTIONS FOR THE MAXIMUM DEVELOPMENT OF THINKING SKILLS AND ATTITUDES OF INQUIRY AND EVALUATION. SOME OF THE TOPICS DISCUSSED ARE -- (1) THE DEVELOPMENT OF PERCEPTS, CONCEPTS, AND COMMON…

LEE, DORRIS; AND OTHERS

493

Get Real 'n' Read.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a program called Get Real 'n' Read developed by Perth (Australia) public librarians to offer adolescents a greater incentive to use the library and to improve the image of reading. Topics include demographic characteristics of the area; planning; and advertising, including donations appealing to the target audience. (LRW)

Ledger, Michelle

1997-01-01

494

Reading: Process and Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Broad and major concerns dealing with reading are set forth in this monograph to provoke discussion and examination by both researchers and practitioners. In Part 1, Kenneth S. Goodman presents a psycholinguistic view of language and reading (within a transformational-generative framework) as essentially a set of processes of recoding, decoding,…

Goodman, Kenneth S.; Niles, Olive S.

495

Read the Label First  

MedlinePLUS

... EPA This Area You are here: EPA Home Pesticides Fact Sheets Health & Safety Read the Label First Read the Label First Need help with product labels? Click and explore the generic label. It will help you understand the ... By their nature, many pesticides may pose some risk to humans, animals, or ...

496

Reading fun at home!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Weekends, summers, and holidays are better spent reading and participating in fun activities with one's child. Time at home can be spent doing something creative by creating thematic book bags that children and parents can check out of the class. In this way, children are able to see their parents making reading and school a priority, while…

Kieff, Judith

2005-01-01

497

Can India's "Literate" Read?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper takes a close look at India's literacy rate by exploring whether the officially "literate" can read and at what level. In a large sample, aged 7+, drawn from four Hindi-speaking states, two methods were used to measure literacy. One was the standard Census Method (CM) which relies on self-reporting and the other was a Reading Method…

Kothari, Brij; Bandyopadhyay, Tathagata

2010-01-01

498

[Reading Teacher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "Epistle," the publication forum of Professors of Reading Teacher Educators, contains three papers as well as the regular features on job openings and on miscellaneous facts. Titles and authors of the articles are: "Doctoral Education in Reading: The State of the Art," by Richard Allington; "The Virtues of Being a Toad and What That…

Palmatier, Robert A., Ed.

1976-01-01

499

Improving Attitudes Toward Reading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes a program for improving students' attitudes toward reading. The targeted population consisted of second and third grade students in a growing middle class community. The problem of the lack of interest in reading and the poor quality of classroom work were evident in parent and student surveys, and teacher observations.…

Dean, Stephanie J.; Trent, Jane A.

500

Dimensions of Reading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how many students expect reading to be about answering literal-level questions, taking true-false tests, and figuring out what a teacher wants to know. Explains the Six Traits of Reading from Northwest Regional Educational Labs: decoding; building context; comprehending; interpreting; synthesizing; and evaluating. Notes that these sorts…

Lain, Sheryl

2003-01-01