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1

The Leisure Reading Habits of Urban Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research indicates that there is a strong relationship between leisure reading and school achievement, but the leisure reading habits of urban adolescents have rarely been studied. From their investigation of the leisure reading habits of 584 urban minority middle school students, the authors identify these key findings: (1) More than two-thirds…

Hughes-Hassell, Sandra; Rodge, Pradnya

2007-01-01

2

Book Reading in Leisure Time: Long-Term Changes in Young Peoples' Book Reading Habits  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Visual and ICT media are often perceived as a threat to book reading in leisure time. They are accused of taking time and interest away from children and adolescents' book reading by offering them more approachable alternatives. Children and adolescents' book reading habits and the way these habits have changed over time are in focus. Is there…

Johnsson-Smaragdi, Ulla; Jonsson, Annelis

2006-01-01

3

The Effects of the Sustained Silent Reading Program on Cultivating Students' Habits and Attitudes in Reading Books for Leisure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The author examines the effects of the sustained silent reading program on cultivating students' habits and attitudes in reading books for leisure. The author used a time-series design and measured students' reading habits and attitudes three times in twelve months. It was expected that if the program created positive effects on cultivating…

Chua, Siah Poh

2008-01-01

4

Middle Schoolers and Magazines: What Teachers Can Learn from Students' Leisure Reading Habits  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Teachers, parents, and librarians are constantly looking for methods and materials that engage students as readers and motivate them to increase the time they spend reading. In this article we describe findings from a study of middle schoolers' magazine reading habits that gave us a close look at the power of magazines as supplemental supports…

Gabriel, Rachael; Allington, Richard; Billen, Monica

2012-01-01

5

Teachers' Leisure Reading Habits and Knowledge of Children's Books: Do They Relate to the Teaching Practices of Elementary School Teachers?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Several authors have suggested that a teacher's ability to encourage a disposition to read may be linked to their personal reading habits and views of literacy. This study examined the relationship between elementary school teachers' reading habits, knowledge of children's literature, and their use of literacy best practices in the classroom. One…

Burgess, Stephen R.; Sargent, Stephan; Smith, Melinda; Hill, Nancy; Morrison, Susan

2011-01-01

6

Leisure Today: Selected Readings. Volume III.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The articles in this compilation from issues of "Leisure Today"--a membership service which appears as an insert in the "Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance"-- address the trends, realities, and futures in the development of recreational and leisure programs. Readings have been selected on: (1) population dynamics and leisure; (2)…

Mendell, Ron, Ed.

7

Knock Out Academic Stress via Leisure Reading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that one way to reduce academic stress on children is to assign leisure reading as homework. Describes teacher-parent and teacher-student procedures for oral reading at home, with confirmation by parents, and homework assignments which are cooperatively set by teachers and students. (RS)

Pickens, Idalia Rodriquez; Kies, Dan A.

1988-01-01

8

Reading habits influence aesthetic preference  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the present study was to determine the extent to which aesthetic preference, previously attributed to cerebral dominance, may be determined by reading habits. One hundred and sixty two normal subjects were presented pairs of images, one being the mirror-image of the other, and were asked for their aesthetic preference. Half of the subjects were left-to-right readers (French

Sylvie Chokron; Maria De Agostini

2000-01-01

9

Factors Related to Amount and Type of Leisure Time Reading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Diaries showing how 920 Irish fifth graders spent their leisure time on three designated days within one week augmented data about the children's personal, school, and home characteristics to aid in determining the primary factors related to the amount and type of leisure time reading. The children reported spending a median time of 60 minutes…

Greaney, Vincent; Quinn, John

10

Computer Technology and College Students' Reading Habits  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purposes of this study were to determine if computer technology had an impact on EFL college students' reading habits and if students' online reading habits and their demographic variables, such as gender, age, CJEE scores, employment status, and online hours were related. 124 valid survey questionnaires were collected from college students in a university in southern Taiwan. The results

Li-Bi Shen

2006-01-01

11

Reading Habit Promotion in ASEAN Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes the activities of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) libraries have undertaken to promote reading by increasing awareness among their people. First, factors limiting reading habits in ASEAN libraries are addressed, including: we are not a reading society, but a chatting society; the management of "3 M's" (man,…

Sangkaeo, Somsong

12

Adult Reading Habits, Attitudes and Motivations: A Cross-Sectional Study. Monographs in Teaching and Learning Number 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This monograph contains a discussion of a telephone survey conducted to gain more knowledge about the job-related reading, functional reading, and leisure reading habits of a representative sample of adults from Anderson, Indiana. The discussion highlights survey results by demographic variables, reports specific analyses of survey items, and…

Mikulecky, Larry J.; And Others

13

Reading Habits of Senegalese Adults and College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses factors contributing to high level of illiteracy in Senegal. Reports on study of Senegalese reading habits--participants enjoy reading, read newspapers often, would like to read better, and would take reading improvement courses if they were offered. (CMG)|

Scales, Alice M.; Burley, JoAnne E.

1984-01-01

14

Who's Reading and Why: Reading Habits of 1st Grade through Graduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The habit of reading develops over a period of time. This study explored reading habits across a wide range of students. An open-ended survey of reading habits involved 242 participants from grades 1, 4, 6, 8, 11, undergraduate non-education majors, undergraduate elementary majors, and graduate reading majors. As data were analyzed, themes…

Camp, Deanne

2007-01-01

15

Leisure time reading and orthographic processes in word recognition among Norwegian third- and fourth-grade students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Third- and fourth-grade Norwegian children completed a battery of tasks that measured indicators of orthographic and phonological processing skill, leisure time reading, home literacy environment, and nonverbal intelligence. Using latent variable structural equation modeling, it was found that home literacy environment influenced leisure time reading, and that leisure time reading contributed to orthographic processing skill beyond the prediction provided by

Ivar Bråten; Alfred Lie; RUNE Andreassen; Bodil S. Olaussen

1999-01-01

16

Measurement of exercise habits and prediction of leisure-time activity in established exercise.  

PubMed

Habit formation may be important to maintaining repetitive healthy behaviors like exercise. Existing habit questionnaires only measure part of the definition of habit (automaticity; frequency). A novel habit questionnaire was evaluated that measured contextual cueing. We designed a two-stage observational cohort study of regular exercisers. For stage 1, we conducted an in-person interview on a university campus. For stage 2, we conducted an internet-based survey. Participants were 156 adults exercising at least once per week. A novel measure, The Exercise Habit Survey (EHS) assessed contextual cueing through 13 questions on constancy of place, time, people, and exercise behaviors. A subset of the Self-Report Habit Index (SRHI), measuring automaticity, was also collected along with measures of intention and self-efficacy, and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), leisure-time section. The EHS was evaluated using factor analysis and test-retest reliability. Its correlation to other exercise predictors and exercise behavior was evaluated using Pearson's r and hierarchical regression. Results suggested that the EHS comprised four subscales (People, Place, Time, Exercise Constancy). Only Exercise Constancy correlated significantly with SRHI. Only the People subscale predicted IPAQ exercise metabolic equivalents. The SRHI was a strong predictor. Contextual cueing is an important aspect of habit but measurement methodologies warrant refinement and comparison by different methods. PMID:23384089

Tappe, Karyn A; Glanz, Karen

2013-02-05

17

Factors affecting the reading habits of secondary school students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Surveys factors affecting the reading habits of secondary school students in Ogbomoso State in Nigeria and discusses the results. Highlights the following inhibiting factors: the family background of students where few homes are conducive to reading owing to noise and lack of reading materials; the lack of functional libraries in most of the schools surveyed and a similar lack of

S. A. Ogunrombi; Gboyega Adio

1995-01-01

18

Longitudinal Effects of Television on Children's Leisure-Time Reading: A Test of Three Explanatory Models.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on a study that investigated the longitudinal effects of television viewing on the frequency with which children read books and comic books at home; and the causal mechanisms that underlie television's effects on leisure-time reading. Suggests that television viewing reduced attitudes toward reading and toward ability to concentrate. (TB)

Koolstra, Cees M.; Van Der Voort, Tom H. A.

1996-01-01

19

Longitudinal Effects of Television on Children's Leisure-Time Reading: A Test of Three Explanatory Models.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reports on a study that investigated the longitudinal effects of television viewing on the frequency with which children read books and comic books at home; and the causal mechanisms that underlie television's effects on leisure-time reading. Suggests that television viewing reduced attitudes toward reading and toward ability to concentrate. (TB)|

Koolstra, Cees M.; Van Der Voort, Tom H. A.

1996-01-01

20

Adjusting Lecture Style to Accommodate Student Reading Habits  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The reasons behind the reading habits of undergraduate MIS students were examined to learn from the students' point of view why many don't read the textbook. Willingness to work hard on homework and project assignments and an appreciation of what is expected of them appears to be in place. However, carrots, sticks, ruses and requests all meet with…

Socash, Richard R.

2007-01-01

21

The Professional Reading Habits of American Librarians.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research project studied the perceived quality of the library and information science literature and asked questions regarding international librarianship. Additionally, it questioned what librarians read, how they choose their reading material, and how they use the literature for their decision making. The sample consisted of librarians from…

Weaver, Susan M.

22

The King of the Damned: Reading Lynching as Leisure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The racial domination that is showcased in the spectacle of lynching leads to an intersection of discourse, critique, and reflection on identity. Utilizing visual methodologies along with a critical theory focus, the documented history in photographic images and textual accounts provides a window to human leisure behavior as it is situated in a…

Mowatt, Rasul

2009-01-01

23

Leisure Reading Selection Guide for Public Library and Adult Education Programs. Readability Levels, Annotations, Physical Format, Source, Cost.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Leisure Reading Selection Guide is part of an effort by the Appalachian Adult Education Center to aid librarians and adult basic education personnel in the selection of materials for undereducated adults. It is a listing of those leisure reading mater...

S. Cotner

1973-01-01

24

Relationships between Reading Achievement and Leisure-Time Reading in Grades 3, 4, 5, and 6: A Longitudinal Study in the Netherlands.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A longitudinal study investigated the effects of leisure time reading (reading at home for pleasure or fun) on pupils' reading achievement in school. Subjects, 736 students in grades 3, 4, 5, and 6 in 30 schools located throughout the Netherlands, had their reading achievement determined five times: at the beginning and end of grade 3 and at the…

Otter, Martha E.; And Others

25

Print exposure, reading habits, and reading achievement among deaf and hearing college students.  

PubMed

This study explored relations of print exposure, academic achievement, and reading habits among 100 deaf and 100 hearing college students. As in earlier studies, recognition tests for book titles and magazine titles were used as measures of print exposure, college entrance test scores were used as measures of academic achievement, and students provided self-reports of reading habits. Deaf students recognized fewer magazine titles and fewer book titles appropriate for reading levels from kindergarten through Grade 12 while reporting more weekly hours of reading. As in previous studies with hearing college students, the title recognition test proved a better predictor of deaf and hearing students' English achievement than how many hours they reported reading. The finding that the recognition tests were relatively more potent predictors of achievement for deaf students than hearing students may reflect the fact that deaf students often obtain less information through incidental learning and classroom presentations. PMID:22025672

Marschark, Marc; Sarchet, Thomastine; Convertino, Carol M; Borgna, Georgianna; Morrison, Carolyn; Remelt, Sarah

2011-10-24

26

Print Exposure, Reading Habits, and Reading Achievement among Deaf and Hearing College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study explored relations of print exposure, academic achievement, and reading habits among 100 deaf and 100 hearing college students. As in earlier studies, recognition tests for book titles and magazine titles were used as measures of print exposure, college entrance test scores were used as measures of academic achievement, and students…

Marschark, Marc; Sarchet, Thomastine; Convertino, Carol M.; Borgna, Georgianna; Morrison, Carolyn; Remelt, Sarah

2012-01-01

27

What Are Teenagers Reading? Adolescent Fiction Reading Habits and Reading Choices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What are adolescents choosing to read? This is an important question because of potential divergence between school students' reading interests and reading expectations in school. This article considers the findings from a study of the reading over one week in May 2002 of 707 school students aged between 11 and 15, undertaken in 30 schools in the…

Hopper, Rosemary

2005-01-01

28

Building Reading Comprehension Habits in Grades 6?12: A Toolkit of Classroom Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Help struggling readers understand content area texts with research-based, innovative classroom tools that foster lifelong reading comprehension habits. This book presents easy-to-use activities organized around six habits of reading comprehension: (1) Organizing text information by sculpting the main idea and summarizing; (2) Connecting to…

Zwiers, Jeff

2004-01-01

29

The Readability of Study Habit Books and College Students' Reading Ability  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was undertaken to determine the readability of a representative number of study habits books used in college reading and study skills courses and to compare their readability with the reading ability of the students who use them. The Davis Reading Test scores of 110 students enrolled in reading and study skills classes and of 1,145 entering freshmen at

Mary A. Keetz

1978-01-01

30

Children’s book-reading habits: A new criterion for literacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conclusion  No reasonable person could argue against learning to read. The point of this article is that learning to read is not just\\u000a a matter of mastering a few simple skills, nor is literacy just a matter of passing a reading test. Learning to read must\\u000a involve acquiring the reading habit. Literacy must be viewed as the regular exercise of reading

Paul T. Wilson; Richard C. Anderson; Linda G. Fielding

1986-01-01

31

Changes in the Reading Habits and Attitudes of Men and Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the results of a random survey about adult reading habits and attitudes. Special emphasis is made to underscore the implications of the fact that women are entering the work force in larger numbers and men are playing larger roles as reading models as they become more involved in child rearing. (Author/SK)|

Mikulecky, Larry; Shanklin, Nancy Leavitt

1979-01-01

32

Reading Habits, Perceptual Learning, and Recognition of Printed Words  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present work aims at demonstrating that visual training associated with the act of reading modifies the way we perceive printed words. As reading does not train all parts of the retina in the same way but favors regions on the side in the direction of scanning, visual word recognition should be better at retinal locations that are frequently…

Nazir, Tatjana A.; Ben-Boutayab, Nadia; Decoppet, Nathalie; Deutsch, Avital; Frost, Ram

2004-01-01

33

The development of reading and study habits in college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nine freshman-sophomore classes in courses in education were given drill tests and remedial work in reading for comprehension once a week. Their performance on standardized tests given before and after training was compared with that of a control. The median per cent of gain from the training during one semester was over 100. Training for longer periods gave greater gains.

R. W. Deal

1934-01-01

34

TV Viewing Habits, Family Rules, and Reading Grades of Gifted and Nongifted Middle School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to determine whether gifted and nongifted middle school students differ in TV viewing habits, family rules, TV heroes/heroines, programming preferences, violence, grades in reading, bedtime hours, out-of-school lessons and hobbies, and ownership and use of TV sets and computers. Subjects were matched pairs of 130…

Roderick, Juanita; Jackson, Patricia

35

A practical typology of adult fiction borrowers based on their reading habits  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper applied a typological procedure, developed by Lazarsfeld from the social sciences, to a set of qualitative data on fiction reading habits for the purpose of forming a practical typology of fiction borrowers. The data were collected from a sample of 300 readers in two medium-sized UK public libraries over a two-month period. The procedure, using an inductive research

Liangzhi Yu; Ann O’Brien

1999-01-01

36

Voicing Resistance: Adolescent boys and the cultural practice of leisure reading  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes a theoretically informed methodology for eliciting the voices of adolescent boys identified by their teachers and parents as reluctant leisure time readers. Similar methods have also been used to draw out the voices of the boys’ parents to understand their efforts to guide and maintain their sons’ literacy practices, within the context of one middle class Australian

Julie Hamston; Kristina Love

2005-01-01

37

The flâneur and the city: Reading the ‘new’ Belfast's leisure spaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines Belfast's contemporary leisure spaces by making specific use of the idea of the flâneur as a social scientist. The article contains an assessment of selected representations of the city together with a detailed evaluation of the concept of the flâneur, its genesis, development and analytical value. Using the flâneur's knowledge of the city and powers of observation,

Alan Bairner

2006-01-01

38

The Influence of Reading and Writing Habits Associated with Education on the Neuropsychological Performance of Brazilian Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study evaluated the influence of the frequency of reading and writing habits (RWH) associated with education on the performance of adults in brief neuropsychological tasks. A sample of 489 Brazilian subjects, composed of 71% women, aged 21-80 years, with 2-23 years of formal education, was evaluated by the Brazilian Brief Neuropsychological…

Pawlowski, Josiane; Remor, Eduardo; de Mattos Pimenta Parente, Maria Alice; de Salles, Jerusa Fumagalli; Fonseca, Rochele Paz; Bandeira, Denise Ruschel

2012-01-01

39

Reading Habits and Attitude Toward Medical Humanities of Basic Science Students in a Medical College in Western Nepal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara, Nepal, admits students from Nepal, India, Sri Lanka, and other countries to the undergraduate medical course. Purposes: The present study sought to describe and explore reading habits of medical students during the first three semesters and obtain their views regarding inclusion of medical humanities in the course. Methods: The authors introduced a

P. Ravi Shankar; Arun K. Dubey; P. Mishra; Dinesh K. Upadhyay

2008-01-01

40

The Influence of Reading and Writing Habits Associated with Education on the Neuropsychological Performance of Brazilian Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated the influence of the frequency of reading and writing habits (RWH) associated with education on the performance of adults in brief neuropsychological tasks. A sample of 489 Brazilian subjects, composed of 71% women, aged 21-80 years, with 2-23 years of formal education, was evaluated by the Brazilian Brief Neuropsychological…

Pawlowski, Josiane; Remor, Eduardo; de Mattos Pimenta Parente, Maria Alice; de Salles, Jerusa Fumagalli; Fonseca, Rochele Paz; Bandeira, Denise Ruschel

2012-01-01

41

Scanning direction and line bisection: a study of normal subjects and unilateral neglect patients with opposite reading habits  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sixty normal dextrals (30 left-to-right and 30 right-to-left readers) and two left unilateral neglect patient with opposite reading habits performed a passive line bisection task. In order to study the effect of scanning direction on performance, subjects had to stop a mark moving on the to-be-bisected line either from the left to the right or in the opposite direction. Results

Sylvie Chokron; Paolo Bartolomeo; Marie-Thérèse Perenin; Gérard Helft; Michel Imbert

1998-01-01

42

Promoting English language development and the reading habit among students in rural schools through the Guided Extensive Reading program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes an extensive reading program conducted in three rural secondary or middle schools in Malaysia, aimed at motivating the students to read extensively in English and helping them overcome their problems in understanding English texts as a means towards increasing their proficiency in the language. The paper begins by discussing the rationale for extensive reading for students in

Ratnawati Mohd Asraf; Ismail Sheikh Ahmad

43

Factors that Influence the Decision to Read: An Investigation of Fifth Grade Students' Out-of-School Reading Habits  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|According to recent research, there is a strong relationship between the amount of out-of-school reading a student engages in and his or her success in school in reading (Anderson, Fielding, & Wilson, 1988; Stanovich, 1986; Taylor, Frye, & Maruyama, 1990; Walberg & Tsai, 1984). This relationship reveals the importance of investigating why so few…

McKool, Sharon S.

2007-01-01

44

The Impact of Internet and Television Use on the Reading Habits and Practices of College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|How much time do college students spend reading for recreational and academic purposes? Do Internet and television use displace or interfere with reading time? In this study, we used an innovative time-diary survey method to explore whether the time students spend on the Internet or watching television displaces time that would be spent reading

Mokhtari, Kouider; Reichard, Carla A.; Gardner, Anne

2009-01-01

45

Summer Reading  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Summer, a great time for leisure reading, a great time to try something different! Dick Pagni, Cheryl Frech, Brian Coppola, Jeffrey Kovac, and Hal Harris provide plenty of suggestions to keep you reading!

Pagni, Dick; Frech, Cheryl; Coppola, Brian; Kovac, Jeffrey; Harris, Hal

2007-06-01

46

Leisure, Contemplation and Leisure Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|I argue in defense of Aristotle's position that contemplation ("theoria") is the proper use of at least some of one's leisure and that, consequently, leisure education must consist in teaching the inclination and capacity for contemplation. However, my position is somewhat more flexible than Aristotle's, in that I allow that there are other…

Morgan, Jeffrey

2006-01-01

47

AUSES AND GRATIFICTIONS RESEARCH ON READING MOTIVATIONSE AND GRATIFICATIONS OFNEWSPAPER READERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Giving information is one of the main function of mass communication tools. Newspaper readers are using newspaper for different motivations. Gaining information, entertainment, leisure time activities, social integration is some motivations of media. Uses and gratifications theory asserts that reader is active part of communication process and reading habits figure on social and psychological needs. Items from readers’gratifications are categorized

Fatih Bayram

2008-01-01

48

Cognitive and Affective Contributions of the Literature Circles Method on the Acquisition of Reading Habits and Comprehension Skills in Primary Level Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to examine the effect of literature circles on fourth grade primary students' reading habits and comprehension skills and collected the opinions of students and teachers about the method. In this study, quantitative (pre-test and post-test designs) and qualitative (case study) methods were employed together. The study was…

Avci, Suleyman; Yuksel, Arzu

2011-01-01

49

Historians Reading/Reading Historians.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Since the entire fabric of one's historical knowledge is based on inferences drawn by historians in their readings of primary sources, a study of their reading habits, and a comparison of those habits with the habits of others who read for the purposes of discovery and interpretation may lead to areas of mutual interest or benefit. Although the…

Vann, Richard T.

50

Multiple Indicators of Children’s Reading Habits and Attitudes: Construct Validity and Cognitive Correlates  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sixty-three 5th-grade children completed daily-activity diaries indicating how they spent their nonschool time for 15 days. From these diaries, estimates of the minutes per day that were spent in various activities were derived. The estimate of book-reading time from the activity diary correlated with new measures of individual differences in exposure to print that use a checklist-with-foils logic and that

Linda Allen; Jim Cipielewski; Keith E. Stanovich

1992-01-01

51

Porch Reads  

Microsoft Academic Search

Leisure reading in America has declined in the last 20 years, especially among 18 to 24 year olds. Studies show, however, that a positive relationship exists between college students' academic achievement and the time they spend in recreational reading. Reading for pleasure improves reading comprehension, writing style, vocabulary, spelling, and grammatical development. Librarians at the Roesch Library, University of Dayton

Heidi Gauder; Joan Giglierano; Christine H. Schramm

2007-01-01

52

A survey of chiropractors practicing in Germany: practice characteristics, professional reading habits, and attitudes and perceptions toward research  

PubMed Central

Background In 2004, a survey conducted by the European Chiropractor's Union among member countries reported that "there appears to be little interest in research among chiropractors in Germany." However, no research has tested this statement. The objective of this study was to explore the attitudes and perceptions of practicing chiropractors in Germany regarding research, to look at their reading and research habits, and to gather demographic and practice data. Methods A questionnaire was developed and distributed among participants at a seminar held by the German Chiropractors' Association in 2005. The questionnaire was mailed to any members of the association who did not attend the seminar. Results A total of 49 (72%) of 68 distributed questionnaires were returned. Forty-five (92%) respondents stated they would support research efforts in Germany and 15 (31%) declared interest in participating in practiced based research. An average of three hours per week were reportedly spent reading scientific literature by 44 (85%) respondents. However, few journals listed by respondents were peer-reviewed and indexed; most were newsletters of chiropractic organizations or free publications. Most participants agreed on the importance of research for the profession, but when asked about the most pressing issue for chiropractic in Germany, legislation and recognition of the profession were the dominant themes. Conclusion The results of this survey show that there is a general interest in supporting and participating in research activities among chiropractors practicing in Germany. Next steps could consist of educating practitioners about the resources available to read and interpret the scientific literature and thus further the understanding of research.

Schwarz, Ilke; Hondras, Maria A

2007-01-01

53

Adolescent Leisure across European Nations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined variations in adolescent time use within Europe and their relation to culture, focusing on organization of free time, most frequent leisure activities, and resulting emotional states. Found that European adolescents spent free time in a range of activities, including electronic media, computer games, playing musical instruments, reading,…

Flammer, August; Schaffner, Brigitta

2003-01-01

54

Leisure Activities of University College Staff  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Study aim: To determine the participation of academic teachers in leisure activities for that group contribute to shaping habits of a large percentage of young people. Material and methods: A group of 52 staff members (about 30%) of a private university college, aged 25-70 years, were interviewed with respect to their participation in sports,…

Biernat, Elzbieta; Roguski, Karol

2009-01-01

55

Understanding Physical Inactivity: Prediction of Four Sedentary Leisure Behaviors  

Microsoft Academic Search

An understanding of the motives underlying sedentary leisure behavior may guide interventions to decrease these behaviors. The purpose of this study was to apply the theory of planned behavior (TPB) to understand the motives underlying four common sedentary leisure activities: television viewing, computer use, reading\\/music, and socializing. A cross-sectional community sample of 206 adults and 174 undergraduate students completed measures

Ryan E. Rhodes; Rachel N. Dean

2009-01-01

56

Leisure and Health: Why Is Leisure Therapeutic?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this article is to examine the empirical evidence and describe theoretical perspectives that address under what conditions and why leisure can be therapeutic and contribute to health and well-being. This review of the literature provides empirical evidence that leisure can contribute to physical, social, emotional and cognitive…

Caldwell, Linda L.

2005-01-01

57

Special Issue: Leisure Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Special issue includes (1) "Introduction" (Burlew); (2) "Leisure Counseling (LC): A Call to Order" (Emerson); (3) "Integrating Leisure into Adult Career Counseling Process" (Pearson); (4) "Developmental Approach to LC Theory" (McDaniels); (5) "LC for the Elderly" (Clark); (6) "LC with AIDS Clients" (Burlew); and (7) "The Leisure Sphere: Context…

Burlew, Larry D., Ed.; And Others

1992-01-01

58

Getting Over the Hump--Wednesday Reading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A method of facilitating leisure reading time in the classroom is described here. It encourages leisure reading as a natural, uninterrupted process at school, so students may see how enjoyable reading is and transfer those positive feelings to reading at home. Each Wednesday, junior high school students in Centerville, Indiana, spend an average…

Perry, Tim

59

Reading Better and Faster.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For most people, it is easy to learn to read faster. A reading rate is often just a matter of habit. To change some habits, try these tips: (1) pay attention when reading and read as if it really matters; (2) do not talk either silently or aloud while reading; (3) read in thought groups or phrases of 3-4 words, especially in complete clauses and…

Doyle, Dennis

60

Integrated Leisure and Recreation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This "feature issue" focuses on integrated leisure and recreation for developmentally disabled persons and includes descriptions of innovative leisure/recreation programs which allow the realization of the concepts of normalization and least restrictive environment. Brief articles include the following titles and authors: "Challenging the…

Schleien, Stuart, Ed.; Rynders, John, Ed.

1989-01-01

61

Integrated Leisure and Recreation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This "feature issue" focuses on integrated leisure and recreation for developmentally disabled persons and includes descriptions of innovative leisure/recreation programs which allow the realization of the concepts of normalization and least restrictive environment. Brief articles include the following titles and authors: "Challenging the…

Schleien, Stuart, Ed.; Rynders, John, Ed.

1989-01-01

62

Baudrillard and leisure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Jean Baudrillard is widely recognized as one of the leading lights of post-modernist theory. Yet students of leisure appear to be either unaware or oddly impervious to the significance of his ideas for their work. This is surprising for Baudrillard's ideas are both relevant and challenging to the theoretical and applied sides of leisure studies. This paper attempts to pinpoint

Chris Rojek

1990-01-01

63

Relationships among Adolescents' Leisure Motivation, Leisure Involvement, and Leisure Satisfaction: A Structural Equation Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to test a cause-and-effect model of factors affecting leisure satisfaction among Taiwanese adolescents. A structural equation model was proposed in which the relationships among leisure motivation, leisure involvement, and leisure satisfaction were explored. The study collected data from 701 adolescent…

Chen, Ying-Chieh; Li, Ren-Hau; Chen, Sheng-Hwang

2013-01-01

64

Relationships among Adolescents' Leisure Motivation, Leisure Involvement, and Leisure Satisfaction: A Structural Equation Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to test a cause-and-effect model of factors affecting leisure satisfaction among Taiwanese adolescents. A structural equation model was proposed in which the relationships among leisure motivation, leisure involvement, and leisure satisfaction were explored. The study collected data from 701…

Chen, Ying-Chieh; Li, Ren-Hau; Chen, Sheng-Hwang

2013-01-01

65

Leisure?rich and leisure?poor: Leisure lifestyles among young adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents some further results of an investigation into the place of leisure in the lifestyles of 200 young adults living in the Potteries. It extends an earlier discussion of six leisure activity types (Bernard, 1984a) by exploring the meanings respondents attach to leisure time and free time, their perceptions of leisure opportunities, the nature and intensity of constraints

Miriam Bernard

1988-01-01

66

Habitable Climates  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

According to the standard liquid-water definition, the Earth is only partially habitable. We reconsider planetary habitability in the framework of energy balance models, the simplest seasonal models in physical climatology, to assess the spatial and temporal habitability of Earth-like planets. We quantify the degree of climatic habitability of our models with several metrics of fractional habitability. Previous evaluations of habitable zones may have omitted important climatic conditions by focusing on close solar system analogies. For example, we find that model pseudo-Earths with different rotation rates or different land-ocean fractions have fractional habitabilities that differ significantly from that of the Earth itself. Furthermore, the stability of a planet's climate against albedo-feedback snowball events strongly impacts its habitability. Therefore, issues of climate dynamics may be central in assessing the habitability of discovered terrestrial exoplanets, especially if astronomical forcing conditions are different from the moderate solar system cases.

Spiegel, David S.; Menou, Kristen; Scharf, Caleb A.

2008-07-01

67

Dimensions of Student Interest in Reading Newspapers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assesses dimensions of interest of college students for leisure reading, focusing on the influence of media use, non-media leisure, and academic major on newspaper content preferences. Finds a correlation between age and newspaper readership, confirming prior studies. Cautions that students may regard reading the newspaper as "work." (PA)

Jeffres, Leo W.; Atkin, David J.

1996-01-01

68

Leisure and Ethics: Reflections on the Philosophy of Leisure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication seeks to capture the character and content of thought with respect to the long-standing discussion in academic settings of leisure and philosophy. The book is organized into three sections. The first, "Reflections on the Philosophy of Leisure," includes the following papers: "Introduction: Leisure and the Perfection of…

Fain, Gerald S., Ed.

69

Leisure Participation and Enjoyment among the Elderly: Individual Characteristics and Sociability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using data from a national survey of adults in Taiwan, this study explored how often older adults participate in and how much they enjoy 2 mostly-solitary leisure activities (reading books and watching TV/DVDs/videos) and 2 mostly-social leisure activities (socializing with friends and engaging in physical activities). According to ordinal…

Chen, Su-Yen; Fu, Yang-Chih

2008-01-01

70

Contextual Constraints on Adolescents' Leisure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Interlinks crucial cultural themes emerging from preceding chapters, highlighting the contextual constraints in adolescents' use of free time. Draws parallels across the nations discussed on issues related to how school molds leisure time, the balance of passive versus active leisure, timing of leisure pursuits, and the cumulative effect of…

Silbereisen, Rainer K.

2003-01-01

71

Leisure activities of adolescent schoolchildren  

Microsoft Academic Search

A knowledge of adolescents' leisure time activities and their interests are important for understanding the adolescents' social world and their individual needs. The aim of the study is to measure the interest and participation in various leisure activities and to find the correlation between interest and participation. The study also aimed to find whether a gender difference exists in leisure

Michael Fitzgerald; Anil P. Joseph; Mary Hayes; Myra O'Regan

1995-01-01

72

Leisure and Recreation in Kuwait.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent rapid economic and social development has brought more sophisticated leisure-based activities to a wide sector of Kuwait society. This article examines the development of leisure activities, and factors that affect recreation participation by Kuwait's population, noting the relationship between leisure and the government, education, the…

Behbehan, Khalifa; Hashem, Jawad

1996-01-01

73

Women, climbing and serious leisure  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the notion of serious leisure is critically explored in relation to women's climbing careers and identities. It draws upon findings from an in?depth qualitative study of 19 women climbers and explores the concept of serious leisure from a gender perspective, arguing that in order to develop a more sophisticated understanding of serious leisure, it is important to

Rachel Elizabeth Dilley; Sheila Janet Scraton

2010-01-01

74

Leisure and moral reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the ways in which the Victorian and Edwardian philosophy of rational recreation found expression in a variety of reformist campaigns, and suggests that its institutions (rather than the philosophy itself) have an important influence on contemporary leisure provision. Children and young people were seen as being easily corrupted in their spare time. The need to supervise and

John Heeley

1986-01-01

75

Leisure Today: Tourism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eleven articles explore a broad range of issues relating to tourism and the leisure profession, including: (1) need for social science research on tourism; (2) economic and population trends; (3) federal legislation and programs to encourage tourism from abroad; (4) tourism education; (5) marketing aproaches and strategies; and (6) studies of…

Howard, Dennis, Ed.; And Others

1983-01-01

76

COMIT: The Leisure Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes the use of an automated interactive teaching system for the teaching of a survey course in recreation which examines the phenomenon of leisure from a range of disciplinary perspectives including history, anthropology, archeology, philosophy, religion, economics, sociology, political science, psychology, planning, geography,…

Avedon, E. M.; Stewart, T. O.

77

Leisure Today: Tourism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Eleven articles explore a broad range of issues relating to tourism and the leisure profession, including: (1) need for social science research on tourism; (2) economic and population trends; (3) federal legislation and programs to encourage tourism from abroad; (4) tourism education; (5) marketing aproaches and strategies; and (6) studies of…

Howard, Dennis, Ed.; And Others

1983-01-01

78

PAQ database: Minnesota Leisure-time Physical Activity Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

Listed below are a series of Leisure Time Activities. Related activities are grouped under general headings. Please read the list and check YES in column 3 for those activities which you have performed in the last 12 months and NO in column 21 for those you have not. Do not complete any of the other columns.

79

Leisure Time Boredom: Issues Concerning College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Students who do not have leisure skills, cannot manage leisure time, or are not aware that leisure can be psychologically rewarding are more likely to be bored during leisure. This study examined the impact of boredom on leisure of college students in relation to gender, level of education, and activity choice. Subjects at a Midwestern university…

Hickerson, Benjamin D.; Beggs, Brent A.

2007-01-01

80

Leisure Time Boredom: Issues Concerning College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students who do not have leisure skills, cannot manage leisure time, or are not aware that leisure can be psychologically rewarding are more likely to be bored during leisure. This study examined the impact of boredom on leisure of college students in relation to gender, level of education, and activity choice. Subjects at a Midwestern university…

Hickerson, Benjamin D.; Beggs, Brent A.

2007-01-01

81

Why Should I Read?--A Cross-Cultural Investigation into Adolescents' Reading Socialisation and Reading Attitude  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|While reading behaviour of adolescents is a frequent object of research, most studies in this field are restricted to a single country. This study investigates reading as a leisure-time activity across social groups from three regions differing in reading tradition as well as in the facilities available for reading. The authors analyse the…

Broeder, Peter; Stokmans, Mia

2013-01-01

82

Accelerated Reader: What Are the Lasting Effects on the Reading Habits of Middle School Students Exposed to Accelerated Reader in Elementary Grades?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Investigates whether seventh-grade students who were exposed to the Accelerated Reader during elementary school tend to do more reading of books than those who did not have such exposure. Describes Accelerated Reader, a program in which books are given a point value on the basis of length and reading level. Proposes that students do not become…

Pavonetti, Linda M.; Brimmer, Kathyrn M.; Cipielewski, James F.

2003-01-01

83

Public Libraries and Literacy: Young People's Reading Habits and Attitudes to Public Libraries, and an Exploration of the Relationship between Public Library Use and School Attainment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents additional information from the 2009 survey of young people's reading and writing. The authors conducted an online survey of 17,089 pupils aged 8 to 16 from 112 schools, conducted in November-December 2009, which consisted of 32 questions exploring young people's background, reading and writing behaviour, perceived ability and…

Clark, Christina; Hawkins, Lucy

2011-01-01

84

Leisure as Marketing: The Nature and Experience of “Business Leisure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presenting the results of a qualitative investigation, this article introduces the concept of “business leisure” and proposes a framework that illuminates it. Building on the idea that nonbusiness interactions can have significant business effects, and in an effort to reveal the nature of experiences that commingle business goals and leisure pursuits, this framework: identifies the conditions that shape the use

Dawn M. Dobni

2012-01-01

85

’Women's Leisure? What Leisure?’: Has it always been like this?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to offer some historical context to research that documents the sense of a lack of entitlement to leisure that middle?class white women have and to the many studies that have identified a lack of leisure opportunity in the lives of women burdened with domestic responsibilities. The data for this research was collected from letters,

Carmel Foley

2005-01-01

86

The Reading Venture: Accelerating Language Acquisition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This presentation describes how to use reading to improve second language acquisition. Part 1, "Building Awareness of Reading Habits and Attitudes," has students report their habits and attitudes about reading in English and their native language and recognize the importance of reading for improving English skills. Part 2, "Choosing a Book," has…

Sifontes, Aida I.; Baez, Dodie

87

Leisure Styles and Adult Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Participation in adult education is positively associated with certain leisure styles. One style is membership and participation in formal organizations (with the notable exception of labor union membership). A second is minimal engagement in a wide variety of diverse leisure activities. A third is frequent participation in cultural events, in social relations outside the immediate family or neighborhood or work

Jack London; Robert Wenkert

1969-01-01

88

Listening for a Leisure Remix  

Microsoft Academic Search

The traditional historical meta-narratives around leisure have focused on one Greek concept, ?XO?H, translated as schole and connected to the Latin (licentia) and English words. Direct lines were drawn from an interpretation of this Greek word in particular contexts to the current privileged leisure ideal first in Europe and the United Kingdom and then in North America. The complex history

Karen M. Fox; Elizabeth Klaiber

2006-01-01

89

Pioneers in Leisure and Recreation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book consists of brief biographies of people who have contributed to the field of leisure and recreation. The 26 pioneers chronicled span over two thousand years and cross many cultures. Some are theorists, others are practitioners, but all of them left their imprint on the leisure and recreation field. Arranged sequentially by dates, the…

Ibrahim, Hilmi; And Others

90

Books for Summer Reading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recommends leisurely reading for teachers: biographies on St. Augustine and Charles Lindbergh; novels by Edwidge Danticat, Kate Chopin, and Velma Allis; Edward Tufte's three volumes on the visual presentation of information; Jean Vanier's "Becoming Human;" the Harry Potter series, and Michael Tolkin's novel "The Player." (MLH)|

Phi Delta Kappan, 2000

2000-01-01

91

Prediction of leisure-time exercise behavior: A path analysis (LISREL V) model  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an attempt to understand the inherent process underlying the regular practice of physical activity, the relationships among subjective norm, attitude, habit, intention, and future behaviors have been investigated in a random sample of 136 University of Toronto employees. For this purpose, leisure-time exercise behavior was measured on two occasions after a statement of intentions had been obtained: (1) 3

Gaston Godin; Pierre Valois; Roy J. Shephard; Raymond Desharnais

1987-01-01

92

Leisure Patterns and Needs of the Elderly in Rural Galicia (Spain)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A large percentage of the Galician population is aged and lives in rural environments--parishes, hamlets, and villages. This study employed semistructured interviews and focus groups to obtain a qualitative assessment both of (a) the opinions of the elderly living in rural areas regarding their leisure and recreational habits and the provision…

Conde, Maria Dapia

2012-01-01

93

Work and Leisure in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Higher education is commonly described as offering combinations of work and leisure, but the implied relationship is often limited. Different conceptions of leisure, especially leisure as pleasurable experience, raise new possibilities for seeing academic activity itself as leisure in several important senses. The importance of identifying…

Harris, David

2012-01-01

94

Work and Leisure in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Higher education is commonly described as offering combinations of work and leisure, but the implied relationship is often limited. Different conceptions of leisure, especially leisure as pleasurable experience, raise new possibilities for seeing academic activity itself as leisure in several important senses. The importance of identifying…

Harris, David

2012-01-01

95

Leisure Studies and Services: An Overview.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book is an overview of leisure in modern society and the various kinds of organizations that provide leisure services. The attitudes and behaviors of people engaged in leisure and recreation are examined. In twelve chapters the following topics are explored: (1) the concepts of leisure in historical perspective; (2) various lines of…

Godbey, Geoffrey; Parker, Stanley

96

Health Benefits of Leisure. Research Update.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research indicates that leisure participation enhances health at various levels, reducing stress and promoting better physical and mental health. Participation in personally meaningful leisure activities serves as a buffer to life's stressful events. Leisure professionals must work to promote leisure as a priority in people's lives. (SM)

Siegenthaler, K. L.

1997-01-01

97

Of Leisure: Education for the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The investigation focused on college students' conception of leisure in the future, particularly their viewpoint about (1) availability of leisure time, (2) role of society relative leisure and (3) use of leisure time. A total of 90 undergraduate college students responded to a questionnaire specially designed for this study. Data indicate…

Rumstein, Regina

98

An Investigation of Student Habits in Mathematics Courses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of study habits was conducted with entry-level mathematics students at the University of Louisville (Kentucky). Students also tracked their study, work, and leisure activities for one week. Findings indicated that students have sufficient time available but choose not to spend the time studying. Regular collection and grading of homework…

Cerrito, Patricia B.; Levi, Inessa

1999-01-01

99

Reading Interests of Gifted Secondary School Writers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study investigated the relationship between reading and the writings of gifted secondary school writers, especially their developmental reading interests, leisure reading selections, and the influence of others on their literary choices. Subjects, 79 students from rural and urban Arkansas schools were participating in a gifted writers'…

Sullivan, Emilie P.; Donoho, Grace E.

100

Leisure Participation and Enjoyment Among the Elderly: Individual Characteristics and Sociability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data from a national survey of adults in Taiwan, this study explored how often older adults participate in and how much they enjoy 2 mostly-solitary leisure activities (reading books and watching TV\\/DVDs\\/videos) and 2 mostly-social leisure activities (socializing with friends and engaging in physical activities). According to ordinal regression analyses of these 4 dependent variables, individual characteristics (such as

Su-Yen Chen; Yang-Chih Fu

2008-01-01

101

Leisure Time Problems and Livability.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Air Force also has a long record of concern with certain aspects of livability in regard to work, housing and leisure time. These are reflected in regulations, guidelines, facilities and services provided, the use of advisory councils, recognition pro...

H. H. Caldwell

1979-01-01

102

Evaluation of study skills and habits in medical students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To investigate the study skills and habits of Zanjan Medical students. Methods: in this descriptive cross-sectional study questionnaires were distributed among all the medical students of Zanjan University in spring 2005. A questionnaire containing 24 questions was designed to assess study skills and habits (time management, concentration, reading speed, note taking, study habits and comprehension). The questionnaires were distributed

Abbasali Nourian; Seyed Nouraddin Mousavinasab; Arezo Fehri; Akbar Mohammadzadeh; Jamshid Mohammadi

103

Habitable Worlds  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this group activity, learners consider environmental conditionsâtemperature, presence of water, atmosphere, sunlight, and chemical compositionâon planets and moons in our solar system to determine the possibilities of life on any of them. Data cards help prompt learners to compare and contrast how living creatures would adapt on various habitable worlds. This activity can be found on pages 39-42 of the activity guide.

Terc

2007-01-01

104

Premorbid cognitive leisure independently contributes to cognitive reserve in multiple sclerosis  

PubMed Central

Objective: Consistent with the cognitive reserve hypothesis, higher education and vocabulary help persons with Alzheimer disease (AD) and multiple sclerosis (MS) better withstand neuropathology before developing cognitive impairment. Also, premorbid cognitive leisure (e.g., reading, hobbies) is an independent source of cognitive reserve for elders with AD, but there is no research on the contribution of leisure activity to cognition in MS. We investigated whether premorbid cognitive leisure protects patients with MS from cognitive impairment. Methods: Premorbid cognitive leisure was surveyed in 36 patients with MS. Neurologic disease severity was estimated with brain atrophy, measured as third ventricle width on high-resolution MRI. Cognitive status was measured with a composite score of processing speed and memory. Results: Controlling for brain atrophy, premorbid cognitive leisure was positively associated with current cognitive status (r p = 0.49, p < 0.01), even when controlling for vocabulary (r p = 0.39, p < 0.05) and education (r p = 0.47, p < 0.01). Also, premorbid cognitive leisure was unrelated to brain atrophy (r = 0.03, p > 0.5), but a positive partial correlation between leisure and atrophy emerged when controlling for cognitive status (r p = 0.37, p < 0.05), which remained when also controlling for vocabulary (r p = 0.34, p < 0.05) and education (r p = 0.35, p < 0.05). Conclusions: Premorbid cognitive leisure contributes to cognitive status in patients with MS independently of vocabulary and education. Also, patients with MS who engaged in more cognitive leisure were able to withstand more severe brain atrophy at a given cognitive status. Premorbid cognitive leisure is supported as an independent source of cognitive reserve in patients with MS. GLOSSARY AD = Alzheimer disease; MS = multiple sclerosis; TVW = third ventricle width.

Sumowski, J.F.; Wylie, G.R.; Gonnella, A; Chiaravalloti, N; DeLuca, J

2010-01-01

105

Martian Habitability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Due to the reported Mars surface environmental conditions (Klein, 1978) (oxidative stress, high UV radiation levels, etc.) the possibility for life development in the surface of the red planet is very small. The identification of water-ice on the subsurface on Mars by the Thermal Emission Spectrometer onboard of the Mars Odyssey (Kieffer and Titus, 2001) and from the High Energy Neutron Detector (Litvak, et al., 2006) has important astrobiological connotations, because in addition to be a potential source for water, these locations are shielding habitats against the harsh conditions existing on the planet, like UV radiation (Gomez, et al., 2007; Gomez, et al., 2012). Martian habitability potential could change in particular located micro-niches. Salt deliquescence and hard environmental parameters modification could be relevant for life under protected niches. An example could be endolithic niches inside salt deposits used by phototrophs for taking advantage of sheltering particular light wavelengths. Similar acidic salts deposits are located in Río Tinto extreme environment with shelter life forms which are difficult to localize by eye. Techniques for its localization and study during space missions are needed to develop. Extreme environments are good scenarios where to test and train those techniques and where hypothetical Astrobiological space missions could be simulated for increasing possibilities of micro niches identification. Here we will report some experiments of bacteria exposition to Martian surface conditions in Mars Simulation chamber. Bacteria were shelter and exposed included in simulated salty endolithic micro niches. High percentage of bacteria resistance and adaptation to harsh extreme those conditions was reported (Gómez, F. et al., 2010). These results were used to develop and implement a Habitability Index to study Martian habitability during the next MSL mission to Mars landed on August 2012 on the surface of the red planet.

Gómez, F.

2012-09-01

106

The Effects of Television Viewing on Reading Behavior.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study examined the relationship between television viewing and reading behavior within a sample of 198 fourth, fifth, and sixth grade students: specifically, whether the amount and specific content of television being viewed affected reading achievement and leisure reading patterns. Intelligence and reading achievement scores of each…

Neuman, Susan B.

107

Studenters fritids--och motionsvanor i Umea och Madison. Ett bidrag till forstaelsen av Pierre Bourdieus vetenskapliga metodologi. Akademiska avhanlingar, Pedagogiska institutionen Nr. 58 (Leisure and Exercise Habits among Students in Umea and Madison. A Contribution to the Understanding of Pierre Bourdieu's Scientific Methodology. Academic Dissertation, Faculty of Social Sciences No. 58).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study, presented in Swedish with an English summary, analyzed differences between student groups at Umea University, Sweden, and the University of Wisconsin-Madison in terms of study situations, experiences of the university environment, exercise and sports activities, and the connections between study and leisure time activities. The study…

Lofgren, Kent

108

The Carousel Model of Leisure Behavior.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Students' understanding of leisure behavior models may be enhanced when the model is presented graphically as a carousel. Leisure behavior is influenced by a multitude of factors, each of which is represented by a part of the carousel. (IAH)|

Pestle, Karin H.; And Others

1989-01-01

109

The Community Leisure Facilitator. Project REC.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed as part of a project to integrate youth with disabilities into regular recreational and leisure activities, this report focuses on the role of the community leisure facilitator (CLF), defined as a professional, friend, family member, or volunteer who assists individuals with disabilities to enjoy the same leisure pursuits as other…

Moon, M. Sherril; And Others

110

Typology of Leisure of Rural People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Utilizing data from a 1972 sociological survey of rural inhabitants working in the public economy of the province of Novosibirsk, this study examined leisure as an element of the residents' life style. Rural residents with common leisure behaviors were identified through the classification of the behavior's function and quality. Leisure functions…

Tapilina, Vera Sergeevna

111

The Theory of the Leisure Class  

Microsoft Academic Search

'Conspicuous consumption of valuable goods is a means of reputability to the gentleman of leisure.' In The Theory of the Leisure Class Thorstein Veblen sets out 'to discuss the place and value of the leisure class as an economic factor in modern life'. In so doing he produced a landmark study of affluent American society that exposes, with brilliant ruthlessness,

Thornstein Veblen

1967-01-01

112

The Leisure-Time Activity of Citizens  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Survey data show that Russians relegate free time and leisure activity to secondary status compared to work, and free time faces the threat of becoming devalued and losing its importance as a life value. At the same time, in the structure of Russians' leisure activities there is an ongoing tendency for leisure to become simpler, for active types…

Sedova, N. N.

2011-01-01

113

Leisure Role of Public Libraries: User Views  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is the second of two articles examining the leisure role of public libraries. The first article examined the leisure role of public libraries in the UK from a historical perspective. This examines the value of the public library service in providing leisure opportunities from a user point of view. The results demonstrate that public…

Hayes, Emma; Morris, Anne

2005-01-01

114

Typology of Leisure of Rural People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Utilizing data from a 1972 sociological survey of rural inhabitants working in the public economy of the province of Novosibirsk, this study examined leisure as an element of the residents' life style. Rural residents with common leisure behaviors were identified through the classification of the behavior's function and quality. Leisure functions…

Tapilina, Vera Sergeevna

115

The Future of Work and Leisure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Earlier projections of labor supply and speculations about the impact on values and lifestyles on work, leisure, and work-leisure relationships are reassessed in light of current events. Previous projections were the basis for three alternative scenarios of possible work-leisure relationships. The first examined some of the implications of…

Johnston, Denis F.

116

Identity and the commodification of leisure  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the effect commodifying leisure has on its perceived quality for the individual. We argue that leisure has a great deal to contribute to individual identity in urban industrial society, but that this is being overshadowed in a market economy which commodifies leisure and produces it for a large number of people, with a focus on profit. This

Betsy Wearing; Stephen Wearing

1992-01-01

117

Leisure-Time Physical Exercise: Prevalence, Attitudinal Correlates, and Behavioral Correlates among Young Europeans from 21 Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background.Increasing leisure time physical exercise is a major target of public health programs throughout the developed world, but few international comparisons of exercise habits among people from diverse cultures have been published. The objectives of this study were to assess the prevalence of exercise among young adults from 21 European countries, to analyze associations with health beliefs and risk awareness,

Andrew Steptoe; Jane Wardle; Raymond Fuller; Arne Holte; Joao Justo; Robbert Sanderman; Lars Wichstrøm

1997-01-01

118

Onset of Smoking Behaviors and Participation in Leisure Physical Activities of Turkish Adolescents Attending Vocational Health Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This cross-sectional study was conducted with the aim of examining the relationships between smoking behavior and leisure physical activity habits of adolescents (n=170, 85F & 85M, mean age= 15.42 [plus or minus] 0.58, age range=15-17 years) attending vocational health schools in Turkey. Participants were randomly selected from four provinces of…

Subasi, Feryal; Hey, William; Mumcu, Gonca; Koksal, Leyla; Luleci, Emel; Sur, Haydar

2006-01-01

119

Energy Crisis: The Leisurely Solution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Because of their automotive lifestyles, Americans account for the greatest portion of fossil fuel consumption in the world. The desirable leisure lifestyle traits of the past should be incorporated into contemporary American culture. Americans need to wean themselves away from the automobile if the energy crisis is to be solved. (JN)|

Mobily, Ken

1980-01-01

120

Leisure Activities for the Aged  

Microsoft Academic Search

Leisure-time activities are discussed within the broader context of use of time, where both discretionary and obligatory uses are seen as meaningful to the individual. Comparisons of time use among people of different ages and the content of older people's days are discussed. Older people's choices of activities are seen as determined by the social values prevalent in their earlier

M. Powell Lawton

1978-01-01

121

What Inspires Leisure Time Invention?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper seeks to understand the intriguing but only sparsely explored phenomenon of “leisure time invention,†where the main underlying idea for the new product or process occurs when the inventor is away from the workplace. We add to previous research by focussing on the inventive creativity of the individual researcher, and reassessing the image of researchers inventing during unpaid

Lee N. Davis; Jerome Davis; Karin Hoisl

2009-01-01

122

Energy Crisis: The Leisurely Solution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because of their automotive lifestyles, Americans account for the greatest portion of fossil fuel consumption in the world. The desirable leisure lifestyle traits of the past should be incorporated into contemporary American culture. Americans need to wean themselves away from the automobile if the energy crisis is to be solved. (JN)

Mobily, Ken

1980-01-01

123

Leisure. No Enemy but Ignorance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The five lectures reprinted in this monograph were presented at the past five national conventions of the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance. They offer messages concerning future needs and goals to leisure professionals and students seeking entry into the field. Part I contains: (1) "The Mild Blue…

Neal, Larry L., Ed.

124

Adolescents'"Meaning" of Leisure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study examined the attitudes of high school students toward various leisure activities. The study population consisted of 85 students attending a large, desegregated midwestern high school. Study participants were asked to rate each of 18 activities with respect to the following four sets of adjectives on a four-point scale: good/bad,…

Callaway, Rolland

125

Reading? Does Television Viewing Time Affect It?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Two hundred twenty-six 5th and 6th graders were the subjects of this study to correlate amount of television viewing and reading scores. It was found that the average viewing time per week for girls was 28 hours and for boys 30 hours. A slight relationship was reported between reading ability and amount of leisure time spent watching television.…

Starkey, John D.; Swinford, Helen Lee

126

Leisure Activity Patterns and Their Associations with Overweight: A Prospective Study among Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined longitudinal associations between individual leisure activities (television viewing, video viewing, computer games, listening to music, board games, musical instrument playing, reading, arts, crafts, socializing, clubs or scouts, sports, outdoor activities) and being overweight using logistic regression and latent class analysis in a…

Lajunen, Hanna-Reetta; Keski-Rahkonen, Anna; Pulkkinen, Lea; Rose, Richard J.; Rissanen, Aila; Kaprio, Jaakko

2009-01-01

127

Leisure Activity Patterns and Their Associations with Overweight: A Prospective Study among Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We examined longitudinal associations between individual leisure activities (television viewing, video viewing, computer games, listening to music, board games, musical instrument playing, reading, arts, crafts, socializing, clubs or scouts, sports, outdoor activities) and being overweight using logistic regression and latent class analysis in a…

Lajunen, Hanna-Reetta; Keski-Rahkonen, Anna; Pulkkinen, Lea; Rose, Richard J.; Rissanen, Aila; Kaprio, Jaakko

2009-01-01

128

Examining What Older Adults Read and Watch on TV.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reading and television preferences of 58 adults over 65 and 39 younger adults were compared. More younger people watched entertainment programs. More older blacks than whites read religious materials and watched TV for news; more older whites read leisure materials and viewed entertainment. More older people disliked TV violence. Overall, most…

Scales, Alice M.

1996-01-01

129

Informal caregivers' leisure time and stress  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the disruption informal caregiving creates in the caregiver's family life and the relationship between\\u000a leisure and stress caused by caregiving. The study finds that the caregiving setting, caregiver's sociodemographic characteristics,\\u000a and economic variables (i.e., wage rate, nonwage income, and Medicaid coverage) significantly affect the caregiver's leisure.\\u000a Additionally, reducing leisure leads to emotional and physical stress and less

Shelley I. White-Means; Cyril F. Chang

1994-01-01

130

Leisure Preferences and Leisure Communication with Peers of Elementary Students with and without Disabilities: Educational Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study examined and compared the leisure activities and communication about leisure among peers of a large sample of preadolescents without disabilities and their peers with identified disabilities. All responded to a questionnaire about leisure. Findings revealed that these preadolescents participated in a large number and variety of…

Leyser, Yona; Cole, Karen B.

2004-01-01

131

Education for Leisure and the Political System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The author considers the place of education for leisure in primitive political systems, traditional political systems, and modern political systems (including premobilized and mobilized dictatorships and democracies). (GW)|

Ibrahim, Hilmi

1976-01-01

132

Activating & Engaging Habits of Mind. A Developmental Series, Book 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book is the second in a four-book series on habits of mind. It translates a habits of mind approach to education into action using classroom-tested advice. Contributions come from practitioners in literature, math, music, foreign language, reading, character education, and social science. After "Series Foreword: Thinking on the Road of Life"…

Costa, Arthur L., Ed.; Kallick, Bena, Ed.

133

Leisure time activities of elementary school children.  

PubMed

The three most common leisure time activities of 2,200 third and fourth grade children (mean age 8.8 + 0.8; 50.7% girls) and the association of the intensity levels of those activities with demographic variables and risk factors for cardiovascular disease are reported. Activities reported most often by boys were playing video games (33%), playing football (32%), bicycling (31%), watching television (28%), and playing basketball (26%). The girls reported doing homework (39%), bicycling (31%), watching television (30%), dancing (27%), and reading (23%). Overall, the children, especially girls, reported fairly sedentary activities, with an average metabolic equivalent level of 4.2 for girls and 4.8 for boys. Among boys, African Americans reported more vigorous activities than Whites, but the activities reported by White girls were somewhat more vigorous than those reported by non-White girls. Children from a higher socioeconomic status (SES), especially boys, reported a greater proportion of sedentary activities than lower SES children. The risk factors of cholesterol, blood pressure, skinfold thickness, and body mass index were not significantly associated with total activity score. However, significantly more nonobese than obese children reported a vigorous (high-intensity) activity as one of their top three activities. PMID:9316596

Harrell, J S; Gansky, S A; Bradley, C B; McMurray, R G

134

Time Teachers Spend Reading Versus Time They Spend Watching TV.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Predicated on the assumption that if teachers are to have a positive influence on the reading and television viewing habits of their students it is important for them to be aware of their own reading and viewing habits, a study was conducted to determine whether teachers spent more time reading or watching television. Fifty-six teachers in an…

Vieth, Mary

135

Empowering Teachers To Break the Basal Habit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Certain events between the late sixties and the eighties were major influences in empowering Australian reading teachers to break the basal habit. During the late sixties a growing number of elementary classroom teachers and principals were showing an interest in classroom practices that focused on children's individual progression. During the…

Martin, Rodney D.

136

Reading Is Your Thing (Even if You're Not a Reading Teacher)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The activities described in this article, Prediction Path and Quotation Cafe, are adapted from the IRA book "Building Reading Comprehension Habits in Grades 6-12." They highlight the reading comprehension habit of making inferences and predictions, which can be used across content areas and grade levels. In creating this toolkit of activities,…

Zwiers, Jeff

2011-01-01

137

The Role of Leisure Participation in Prison  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of sport in prison life is examined using questionnaire data from a survey of 1770 inmates of a state prison system. These inmates were asked questions concerning the extent of participation in various leisure and sport activities while in prison. The analysis seeks to determine some of the impacts of this participation on prison life. Leisure participation was

James H. Frey; Tim Delaney

1996-01-01

138

Leisure and Tourism in the Changing China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recognizing the need of more research on the meanings of leisure and tourism in diverse social and cultural contexts, this paper aims to situate the concepts of leisure and tourism in the specific social, cultural, and historical conditions of mainland China. Drawing insights from existing literature, the paper first discusses the impacts of two indigenous philosophies, Confucianism and Taoism, on

Monica Z. Li

2009-01-01

139

Serious Play. A Leisure Wellness Guidebook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book helps people find a way to balance their work and leisure values. Filled with inventories, worksheets, reflective riddles, journal assignments, and guides for community explorations, this workbook offers a method for rejuvenating the lost art of play and finding a better balance between work and leisure roles. Chapters 1 and 2 help…

Kimeldorf, Martin

140

Happiness and leisure: an ethnodrama, Act I  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to use the imaginative process of a theatrical script – also called ethnodrama – to explain how leisure is related to happiness within a framework of positive psychology. In particular, this ethnodrama presents an imaginative interdisciplinary scholarly conversation regarding how leisure is related to happiness among the following six thinkers: Jane Addams, Cindy Jackson,

Oksana Grybovych; Rodney B. Dieser

2010-01-01

141

The Instrumental Leisure of the 'Creative Class  

Microsoft Academic Search

The utopianization of creative work is a pronounced feature of post-industrial societies. This paper analyses the attendant promotion of creative leisure, and its role in supporting discourses and practices of creative work. By analysing the example of Richard Florida's popular text The Rise of the Creative Class (2002) it argues that while creative leisure is offered up as a model

MARK BANKS

142

Family Caregivers and Leisure: An Oxymoron?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes recent research findings which verify that the loss of leisure for caregivers relates to stress and health problems, discussing what parks and recreation professionals can do to help family caregivers lead balanced lives and examining psychological and physical effects of caregiving, caregivers' lack of leisure, the relationship between…

Bedini, Leandra A.

2002-01-01

143

Concerning Leisure. IEA (Australia) Report 1975: 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of this report is to provide guidelines for a study on educating for leisure. The authors proceed on the theory that to understand fully the leisure time activities of individuals it is necessary to take into consideration their whole life of home circumstances, work, and schooling and examine this in relation to their…

Ozolins, U.; Keeves, J. P.

144

Influencing leisure choices of autisticlike children  

Microsoft Academic Search

A leisure education program was implemented with three autisticlike children. Based on an assessment phase, potential recreational activities were designated as high interest or low interest for each subject. During the leisure educational training phase, choices were provided between high- and low-interest activities under three alternating conditions. During the Prompt and Praise condition the instructor prompted the subject to engage

Andrew H. Hawkins

1982-01-01

145

LEISURE ACTIVITY PATTERNS AND THEIR ASSOCIATIONS WITH OVERWEIGHT: A PROSPECTIVE STUDY AMONG ADOLESCENTS  

PubMed Central

We examined longitudinal associations between individual leisure activities (television viewing, video viewing, computer games, listening to music, board games, musical instrument playing, reading, arts, crafts, socializing, clubs or scouts, sports, outdoor activities) and being overweight using logistic regression and latent class analysis in a cohort of Finnish twins responding to self-report questionnaires at 11–12 (N=5184), 14, and 17 years. We also studied activity patterns (“Active and sociable”, “Active but less sociable”, “Passive but sociable”, “Passive and solitary”) thought to represent different lifestyles. Among boys, activity patterns did not predict becoming overweight, but sports and playing an instrument reduced the risk and arts and listening to music increased it. Among girls, few individual leisure activities predicted becoming overweight. However, girls in the “Passive and solitary” cluster carried the greatest risk of becoming overweight in late adolescence. Studying leisure activities related to overweight may help focus specific interventions on high risk groups.

Lajunen, Hanna-Reetta; Keski-Rahkonen, Anna; Pulkkinen, Lea; Rose, Richard J.; Rissanen, Aila; Kaprio, Jaakko

2009-01-01

146

Leisure activity patterns and their associations with overweight: a prospective study among adolescents.  

PubMed

We examined longitudinal associations between individual leisure activities (television viewing, video viewing, computer games, listening to music, board games, musical instrument playing, reading, arts, crafts, socializing, clubs or scouts, sports, outdoor activities) and being overweight using logistic regression and latent class analysis in a cohort of Finnish twins responding to self-report questionnaires at 11-12 (N=5184), 14, and 17 years. We also studied activity patterns ("Active and sociable", "Active but less sociable", "Passive but sociable", "Passive and solitary") thought to represent different lifestyles. Among boys, activity patterns did not predict becoming overweight, but sports and playing an instrument reduced the risk and arts and listening to music increased it. Among girls, few individual leisure activities predicted becoming overweight. However, girls in the "Passive and solitary" cluster carried the greatest risk of becoming overweight in late adolescence. Studying leisure activities related to overweight may help focus specific interventions on high risk groups. PMID:19345989

Lajunen, Hanna-Reetta; Keski-Rahkonen, Anna; Pulkkinen, Lea; Rose, Richard J; Rissanen, Aila; Kaprio, Jaakko

2009-04-05

147

Children, Television, and Reading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The author summarizes a research review conducted at William Paterson College. Information is presented on the amount of time spent watching television, types of programs preferred by different age groups, and the impact of television on reading habits and achievement. No consistent relationship between TV viewing and achievement was found. (SJL)|

Feeley, Joan T.

1980-01-01

148

Reading Interest Patterns of Adults at Three Educational Levels.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study was conducted to analyze and compare the reading interests of adults from three educational levels. Fourteen adults in a community college reading center, 20 adults from various professional occupations, and 23 adults from a reading education class were given a reading interest inventory concerned with their reading habits and preferences…

Haase, Ann Marie Bernazza; And Others

149

Children's time in structured and unstructured leisure activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using the 1981 Time Use Longitudinal Panel Study data, this study examines factors which influence children's time use in leisure activities. More time is spent in unstructured than structured leisure activities. Analysis of variance is performed on 32 categories of leisure time, including total leisure, to determine the influence of characteristics of the child and the mother and other socioeconomic

Carol B. Meeks; Teresa Mauldin

1990-01-01

150

The Development of Adult Leisure Behaviors: An Exploratory Inquiry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although research has identified leisure as a significant factor of individual well-being in different stages of adult life, there is little insight into how leisure behaviors and attitudes are acquired. A cross-sectional sample of 300 rural adults was interviewed. Leisure attitudes were assessed on a leisure ethic scale, and well-being was…

Ray, Robert O.

151

Volunteers and volunteering in leisure: social science perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Leisure has been widely examined within the context of social science theory. This article adopts a broad approach, examining a range of social science disciplines and applying them to specific phenomena located within the leisure field, namely, volunteers and volunteering in leisure settings. In a disciplinary sense, the sociological view focuses upon the conceptualisation of volunteering as leisure, the psychological

Kirsten Holmes; Karen Smith; Tom Baum

2010-01-01

152

The Development of Adult Leisure Behaviors: An Exploratory Inquiry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although research has identified leisure as a significant factor of individual well-being in different stages of adult life, there is little insight into how leisure behaviors and attitudes are acquired. A cross-sectional sample of 300 rural adults was interviewed. Leisure attitudes were assessed on a leisure ethic scale, and well-being was…

Ray, Robert O.

153

Leisure Activity, Motivation, and Academic Achievement in High School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Study investigated relationships between secondary students' school achievement, leisure activities, and motivation. Leisure activity variables predicted school achievement but were weak compared to motivation variables, which were weak compared to goals for college. Number of leisure activities and hours spent in leisure activities correlated…

Bergin, David A.

1992-01-01

154

Adolescent Leisure Dimensions, Psychosocial Adjustment, and Gender Effects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Leisure provides the context for much of adolescent behaviour and development. While both theory and research point to the benefits of participation in leisure activities that are highly structured, the association between structured leisure and psychosocial adjustment is not uniformly high. This paper presents a model of adolescent leisure

Bradley, Graham L.; Inglis, Brad C.

2012-01-01

155

Aristotelian view of leisure: an outdoor recreation perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years interpretations of the classical view of leisure have furnished additional insight for developing an effective modern philosophy of leisure. In many instances, however, Aristotelian conceptions of leisure are poorly understood or misinterpreted, and clearly not utilized in the philosophies of most leisure service delivery organizations. This paper attempts to reveal the potential for practical application of the

Steven Simpson; Carlton Yoshioka

1992-01-01

156

To Read or Not to Read: A Meta-Analysis of Print Exposure From Infancy to Early Adulthood  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research synthesis examines whether the association between print exposure and components of reading grows stronger across development. We meta-analyzed 99 studies (N = 7,669) that focused on leisure time reading of (a) preschoolers and kindergartners, (b) children attending Grades 1–12, and (c) college and university students. For all measures in the outcome domains of reading comprehension and technical reading

Suzanne E. Mol; Adriana G. Bus

2011-01-01

157

Genetic and environmental influences on longitudinal changes in leisure-time physical activity from adolescence to young adulthood.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to estimate genetic and environmental influences on the longitudinal evolution of leisure-time physical activity habits from adolescence to young adulthood. Data were gathered at four time points, at mean ages 16.2, 17.1, 18.6, and 24.5 years. At baseline, the sample comprised 5,216 monozygotic and dizygotic twins, born 1975-1979, and, at the last follow-up point, of 4,531 monozygotic and dizygotic twins. Physical activity volume was assessed as frequency of leisure-time physical activity and participants were categorized into three groups: inactive, moderately active, and active. Genetic and environmental influences were estimated using a multivariate, longitudinal Cholesky decomposition with a 'multifactorial liability threshold' approach. The results suggest that, in both sexes the heritability of leisure-time physical activity remained moderate (~43-52%) during adolescence, declining to ~30% in young adulthood. Shared environmental influences increased from adolescence (~18-26%) to young adulthood (43% in men and 49% in women). Specific environmental influences remained relatively stable during the total follow-up (~20-30%). New genetic, shared, and specific environmental influences at every follow-up point were suggested by the low correlations across occasions. In conclusion, the study demonstrated gender differences in genetic influences in the evolution of leisure-time physical activity habits from adolescence to young adulthood. However, shared environmental influences, especially in women, were crucial in explaining longitudinal changes in leisure-time physical activity. These outcomes emphasize the need of gender-specific measures to promote physical activity habits during young adulthood. PMID:23449154

Aaltonen, Sari; Ortega-Alonso, Alfredo; Kujala, Urho M; Kaprio, Jaakko

2013-02-28

158

Leisure Time: Do Married and Single Individuals Spend It Differently?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data from the 1998-1999 Family Interaction, Social Capital, and Trends in Time Use Study, the authors estimated the time use of 1,151 respondents on various leisure activities (e.g., active leisure, passive leisure, and social entertainment). Onaverage, the most time was spent on active sports (12 minutes) in the active leisure category, TVuse (119 minutes) in the passive leisure category,

Yoon G. Lee; Vibha Bhargava

2004-01-01

159

The Construct Validity of the Leisure Activities Questionnaire and of the Paragraphs About Leisure  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Leisure Activities Questionnaire (LAQ) and the Paragraphs About Leisure (PAL) were administered to independent samples of undergraduate college students. A multitrait-multimethod matrix was computed to compare the descriptions of ten traits (leisure activities) obtained by using two methods (LAQ and PAL). The multitrait-multimethod matrix was analyzed by employing an ANOVA procedure and a multiple-group confirmatory factor analysis. The two

Howard E. A. Tinsley; Richard A. Kass

1980-01-01

160

Turnout as a Habit  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is conventional to speak of voting as “habitual.” But what does this mean? In psychology, habits are cognitive associations\\u000a between repeated responses and stable features of the performance context. Thus, “turnout habit” is best measured by an index\\u000a of repeated behavior and a consistent performance setting. Once habit associations form, the response can be cued even in\\u000a the absence

John H. Aldrich; Jacob M. Montgomery; Wendy Wood

161

Happy Safety Habits  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

We will be learning about certain safety habits and how knowing and doing these safety habits can make us happy. Introduction: Learning about different types of safety is important, because it keeps us safe and protected from dangers. Throught this webquest you will see waht safety habits you should use to keep yourself and family protected. Task: You will be asked to come up with a real life situation/story where you ...

Andersen, Miss

2009-03-27

162

Correlates of leisure-time physical activity in an elderly population in Singapore.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: This study assessed correlates of leisure-time physical activity among the elderly in Singapore. METHODS: A cross-sectional household survey was conducted in 1998 with 2494 subjects 60 years and older. RESULTS: Regular leisure-time physical activity was practiced by 47.0% of men and 38.5% of women. It was significantly correlated with family support, proportion of family members exercising, awareness of benefits of exercise, and healthy dietary habits. Other significant but negative correlates were smoking and barriers to exercise, such as lack of time and poor health. CONCLUSIONS: Exercise programs for the elderly should aim at helping them overcome barriers to exercise, informing them of the benefits of exercise, and involving their families.

Lian, W M; Gan, G L; Pin, C H; Wee, S; Ye, H C

1999-01-01

163

Motivational interference in study–leisure conflicts: how opportunity costs affect the self-regulation of university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined the effects of motivational interference resulting from tempting action alternatives among a sample of university students with respect to a new measure of different motivational qualities. Participants imagined themselves in a typical study–leisure conflict and provided information about their internal conflict experience in two scenarios: reading a course paper instead of meeting friends and vice versa. Participants then

Axel Grund; Stefan Fries

2012-01-01

164

Retirees' Perceptions of Work and Leisure Meanings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that work attitudes and the meaning of work are so ingrained in American culture that they carry over to nonwork activities. Proposes that personality influences the relationship between work-leisure meanings. Urges further research on sociological variables. (JAC)

Weiner, Andrew I.; Hunt, Sharon L.

1981-01-01

165

Place, leisure, and well-being - Treesearch  

Treesearch

Uncontrolled Keywords: Population Health Model (PHM), place, leisure, ... neglect two facets integral to what is otherwise a rich contextual approach to health promotion. ... However, in the realm of public policy, with its inevitable bias towards ...

166

The Relationship between Work and Leisure.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report analyzes data from the 1977 Quality of Employment Survey on the relationship between work and leisure, based on personal interviews with a nationally representative sample of workers. It examines the frequency with which workers engage in vario...

G. L. Staines P. O'Connor

1979-01-01

167

Concept Statement for the National Leisure Institute.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The concept statement proposes that a major effort be made to define the challenges of man's leisure. Concurrently, appropriate solutions for these challenges must be investigated by serious scientific inquiry. After thorough testing and evaluation of tho...

1970-01-01

168

Why should I read? - A cross-cultural investigation into adolescents' reading socialisation and reading attitude  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

While reading behaviour of adolescents is a frequent object of research, most studies in this field are restricted to a single country. This study investigates reading as a leisure-time activity across social groups from three regions differing in reading tradition as well as in the facilities available for reading. The authors analyse the reading behaviour of a total of 2,173 adolescents in the Netherlands, in Beijing (China), and in Cape Town (South Africa). Taking Icek Ajzen's Theory of Planned Behaviour as a starting point, the authors adjusted it to model the three most important determinants of reading behaviour, namely (1) reading attitude; (2) subjective norms (implicit and explicit social pressure to read); and (3) perceived behavioural control, which includes reading proficiency and appropriateness of the available books (book supply). While they found the adjusted model to fit the Dutch and Beijing situation quite well, it appeared to be inappropriate for the Cape Town situation. Despite considerable cultural and situational differences between the Netherlands and Beijing, the results show a similar pattern for these two environments. The most important determinants turn out to be: the hedonic reading attitude, the implicit norm of family and friends, the attractiveness of the available choice of books, and the perceived reading proficiency.

Broeder, Peter; Stokmans, Mia

2013-06-01

169

To Read or Not to Read: A Meta-Analysis of Print Exposure from Infancy to Early Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research synthesis examines whether the association between print exposure and components of reading grows stronger across development. We meta-analyzed 99 studies (N = 7,669) that focused on leisure time reading of (a) preschoolers and kindergartners, (b) children attending Grades 1-12, and (c) college and university students. For all…

Mol, Suzanne E.; Bus, Adriana G.

2011-01-01

170

Deciphering spectral fingerprints of habitable exoplanets.  

PubMed

We discuss how to read a planet's spectrum to assess its habitability and search for the signatures of a biosphere. After a decade rich in giant exoplanet detections, observation techniques have advanced to a level where we now have the capability to find planets of less than 10 Earth masses (M(Earth)) (so-called "super Earths"), which may be habitable. How can we characterize those planets and assess whether they are habitable? This new field of exoplanet search has shown an extraordinary capacity to combine research in astrophysics, chemistry, biology, and geophysics into a new and exciting interdisciplinary approach to understanding our place in the Universe. The results of a first-generation mission will most likely generate an amazing scope of diverse planets that will set planet formation, evolution, and our planet into an overall context. PMID:20307185

Kaltenegger, Lisa; Selsis, Frank; Fridlund, Malcolm; Lammer, Helmut; Beichman, Charles; Danchi, William; Eiroa, Carlos; Henning, Thomas; Herbst, Tom; Léger, Alain; Liseau, René; Lunine, Jonathan; Paresce, Francesco; Penny, Alan; Quirrenbach, Andreas; Röttgering, Huub; Schneider, Jean; Stam, Daphne; Tinetti, Giovanna; White, Glenn J

171

HÁBITOS NUTRICIONAIS E COMPORTAMENTOS COTIDIANOS EM USUÁRIOS DE UMA UNIDADE DE SAÚDE DA FAMÍLIA DO MUNICÍPIO DE JEQUIÉ - BA NUTRICIONAL HABITS AND DAILY BEHAVIORS IN USERS OF A FAMILY HEALTH UNIT IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF JEQUIÉ, BAHIA (BRAZIL)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aims on verifying the prevalence of risk factors to the health, nutricional habits, and leisure associate habits of users of a Family Health Unit (UHF) of municipality of Jequié, Bahia (Brazil). The sample was randomly chosen and composed of a single member of each of 101 families (10%) in the UHF. Data were collected at domiciles and information

Raildo da Silva Coqueiro; Adriana Alves Nery; Zoraide Vieira Cruz; Sudoeste da Bahia Jequié-BA

172

Habitable Planets for Man.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Habitable Planets for Man examines and estimates the probabilities of finding planets habitable to human beings, where they might be found, and the number there may be in our own galaxy. The author presents in detail the characteristics of a planet that c...

S. H. Dole

2007-01-01

173

Quality of Life and Leisure Activities: How Do Leisure Activities Contribute to Subjective Well-Being?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The quality of life is determined with objective factors and also with subjective perception of factors which influence human life. Leisure activities play a very important role in subjective well-being because they provide opportunities to meet life values and needs. Through participation in leisure activities people build social relationships,…

Brajsa-Zganec, Andreja; Merkas, Marina; Sverko, Iva

2011-01-01

174

Deciphering Spectral Fingerprints of Habitable Extrasolar Planets  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we discuss how we can read a planets spectrum to assess its\\u000ahabitability and search for the signatures of a biosphere. After a decade rich\\u000ain giant exoplanet detections, observation techniques have now reached the\\u000aability to find planets of less than 10 MEarth (so called Super-Earths) that\\u000amay potentially be habitable. How can we characterize those

L. Kaltenegger; F. Selsis; M. Fridlund; H. Lammer; Ch. Beichman

2009-01-01

175

Becoming the Reading Mentors Our Adolescents Deserve: Developing a Successful Sustained Silent Reading Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Today's adolescents must meet increasing demands for high levels of literacy. However, low self-efficacy and motivation for reading often prohibit adolescents from developing and sustaining positive reading habits. Consequently, educators must provide opportunities for students to experience reading as a rewarding and useful endeavor. Research…

Lee, Valarie

2011-01-01

176

Becoming the Reading Mentors Our Adolescents Deserve: Developing a Successful Sustained Silent Reading Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today's adolescents must meet increasing demands for high levels of literacy. However, low self-efficacy and motivation for reading often prohibit adolescents from developing and sustaining positive reading habits. Consequently, educators must provide opportunities for students to experience reading as a rewarding and useful endeavor. Research…

Lee, Valarie

2011-01-01

177

Read! Read! Read! Training Effective Reading Partners.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the premise that by engaging parents as effective partners, teachers and students win at the reading game, this book aims to help teachers tap into all the resources of school and home to maximize children's learning potential. The book provides teachers with a concrete framework for training parents to learn strategic techniques in…

Glass, Laurie; Peist, Linda; Pike, Beth

178

Leisure time physical activity motives and smoking in adolescence  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivesThe study aimed to gain a better understanding of the relationship between leisure time physical activity and smoking in adolescence by investigating adolescents' motives for participation in leisure time physical activity.

Kirsten T. Verkooijen; Gert A. Nielsen; Stef P. J. Kremers

2009-01-01

179

Leisure inequality in the United States: 1965-2003.  

PubMed

This article exploits the complex sequential structure of the diary data in the American Heritage Time Use Study (AHTUS) and constructs three classes of indicators that capture the quality of leisure (pure leisure, co-present leisure, and leisure fragmentation) to show that the relative growth in leisure time enjoyed by low-educated individuals documented in previous studies has been accompanied by a relative decrease in the quality of that leisure time. These results are not driven by any single leisure activity, such as time spent watching television. Our findings may offer a more comprehensive picture of inequality in the United States and provide a basis for weighing the relative decline in earnings and consumption for the less-educated against the simultaneous relative growth of leisure. PMID:22589003

Sevilla, Almudena; Gimenez-Nadal, Jose I; Gershuny, Jonathan

2012-08-01

180

The Habitable Zone  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This illustration is an approximate representation of the planets in our solar system and their relation to what scientists call The Habitable Zone. The planet distances from the sun are measured in Astronomical Units (AU) and are not to scale.

2008-03-26

181

Your Child's Habits  

MedlinePLUS

... may be a sign of anxiety , depression , or obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) . Nose Picking Nose picking appears to be a ... to obsessive thoughts may be a sign of OCD. However, most habits don't cause any significant ...

182

NASA: Habitable Worlds  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

NASA's Habitable Worlds website encourages visitors to "search the solar system for signs of life," by selecting a "World to Explore." This creatively designed website smartly displays our solar system's colorful planets or worlds amidst the dark background of space. In order to gain in-depth information specific to each planet, users simply click on the world of their choosing. Each planet page provides beautiful images and information about habitability, moons, and more.

183

Motivation and study habits  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first part of the article reviews the literature (mainly British) on the relationships between academic performance in higher education and motivation and study habits. The distinction between goal-orientated and intrinsic motivation is used to clarify the meaning of previous studies. Among the investigations of study habits, the dimension of syllabus-boundness\\/syllabus-freedom helps to relate psychiatric work on study difficulties to

N. J. Entwistle; Jennifer Thompson; J. D. Wilson

1974-01-01

184

Marketing implications of traditional and ICT-mediated leisure activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the role of traditional and information and communication technology (ICT)-mediated leisure activities in consumer behaviour. An online survey of 558 members and 1319 ex-members of an Australian DVD rental company gathered preferences for nine traditional leisure activities and seven ICT-mediated leisure activities. The results of a cluster analysis showed four clusters with significant cluster differences across leisure

Steffen Frank Zorn; Richard Yee Lee; Jamie Murphy

2009-01-01

185

Reading(s).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Developed for college English courses, this book presents selections of poetry, short stories, and commentary intended to invite different ways of reading and interpreting literature. An introduction provides an overview of the book's content, as well as a discussion of how to read. The first section, "Entering a Language," considers the…

Summerfield, Geoffrey; Summerfield, Judith

186

Reading and reading disturbance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent functional neuroimaging studies are generating novel insights into our knowledge of skilled and disturbed reading. In neurologically normal subjects, a double dissociation in neural activation in response to reading words and pseudowords has been revealed that corresponds to that observed in the comparison of semantic and phonological tasks. In patients with acquired dyslexia, functional imaging is demonstrating re-organisation within

Cathy J Price; Andrea Mechelli

2005-01-01

187

Reading(s).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed for college English courses, this book presents selections of poetry, short stories, and commentary intended to invite different ways of reading and interpreting literature. An introduction provides an overview of the book's content, as well as a discussion of how to read. The first section, "Entering a Language," considers the…

Summerfield, Geoffrey; Summerfield, Judith

188

Habitable Zones in the Universe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Habitability varies dramatically with location and time in the universe. This was recognized centuries ago, but it was only in the last few decades that astronomers began to systematize the study of habitability. The introduction of the concept of the habitable zone was key to progress in this area. The habitable zone concept was first applied to the space around

Guillermo Gonzalez

2005-01-01

189

The politics of eating: Food practices as critically reflexive leisure  

Microsoft Academic Search

We eat every day; it is both leisure and work for all of us. And yet, dramatically few of us have examined food practices with a leisure studies lens. Closer scrutiny, however, reveals a deeply political practice embedded in popular culture. Three cases are used to highlight the politics of leisure and food: the Slow Food Movement, the food justice

Heather Mair; Jennifer Sumner; Leahora Rotteau

2008-01-01

190

Globalizing Influences on Leisure: A Perspective from Iran  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article explores the role of science and technology in the development process of leisure and tourism as it affects the quality of life in Iran. The changing socio-economic circumstances that enhance leisure and tourism, are also examined. Leisure activities are highly related to income, and changing lifestyles in Iran over the past few decades. Increased discretionary time does not

Mohammad Taghi Sheykhi

2004-01-01

191

Five-Year Stability of Leisure Activity and Motivation Factors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A longitudinal study of leisure participation and motivation revealed that sports/recreation, unstructured leisure activities, domestic, organizational, and intellectual activities showed significant five-year stability coefficients. Motivations for leisure activities--achievement, supervising others, social interaction, creativity, physical and…

Lounsbury, John W.; Hoopes, Linda L.

1988-01-01

192

Leisure Counseling: An Antidote for "The Living Death."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the process of unemployment and the benefits of leisure, as well as proposes a broader conceptual framework for integrating leisure with work as a means of assisting unemployed workers to cope with unemployment. Notes that, by viewing leisure as integral component of individual's career, employment counselors can more effectively assist…

Liptak, John J.

1991-01-01

193

Leisure Diversity as an Indicator of Cultural Capital  

Microsoft Academic Search

The diversity of activities in a repertoire of leisure is a variable shown to have considerable impact on the quality of leisure and beneficial personal outcomes, and it is proposed as one important indicator of cultural capital. Theoretical perspectives on cultural capital indicate the importance of education in preparing individuals for broad patterns of leisure consumption in addition to status

Glenn John Stalker

2011-01-01

194

Territorialism: leisure and community centres in Northern Ireland  

Microsoft Academic Search

The pattern of council leisure provision in Northern Ireland can be viewed in territorial terms. There are examples of leisure and community centres sited to serve one community to the exclusion of another. The corollary of such an approach is to blame district councils for using leisure services, in the absence of other major functions, in an overtly political and

Colin Knox

1987-01-01

195

Leisure Put Into Perspective--Will the Circle Go Unbroken?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study of leisure activities of interest to people with intellectual disabilities. Reports that one group of adolescents, one of adults, and one of seniors were interviewed. Lists reasons for lack of participation in leisure activities, including: (1) no leisure skill training; (2) lack of opportunities; and (3) lack of transportation.…

Glausier, Sheryl R; Whorton, James E.

2000-01-01

196

Club Life: Third Place and Shared Leisure in Rural Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a day in the life of the Walnut Lake Curling Club. The reflexive analytic story is crafted from ethnographic research undertaken in 18 curling clubs across rural Canada. Contrary to a growing tendency toward individualized and privatized leisure, curling clubs in rural Canada remain sites for shared leisure. Building on recent efforts to position leisure sites as

Heather Mair

2009-01-01

197

Pastimes: The Context of Contemporary Leisure. 4th Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Originally published in 1996, "Pastimes" introduced an exciting new text that explored leisure and recreation philosophy and science, the various subfields, and the leisure services industry. This new edition is the result of what the author has learned from years of engagement with leisure theory, research, and personal and professional…

Russell, Ruth V.

2009-01-01

198

Preterm Birth and Leisure Participation: A Synthesis of the Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Leisure participation has been associated with happiness and well-being in children. Individuals born preterm are at greater risk for motor, cognitive and behavioral difficulties which may contribute to difficulties participating in leisure activities. This systematic review examined the current knowledge on participation in leisure activities in…

Dahan-Oliel, Noemi; Mazer, Barbara; Majnemer, Annette

2012-01-01

199

Leisure Activities and Problem Behaviours among Hungarian Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We examined leisure behaviours and the relationships between leisure and a variety of problem behaviours in a sample of 1422 Hungarian adolescents (age range: 14-19). Findings from multivariate analyses suggest that some aspects of adolescent leisure, such as family or conventional activities, act as protective factors against problem behaviours,…

Piko, Bettina F.; Vazsonyi, Alexander T.

2004-01-01

200

20 CFR 638.509 - Leisure-time employment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Leisure-time employment. 638.509 Section...ACT Center Operations § 638.509 Leisure-time employment. A center operator may authorize gainful leisure time employment of students as long...

2009-04-01

201

20 CFR 638.509 - Leisure-time employment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Leisure-time employment. 638.509 Section...ACT Center Operations § 638.509 Leisure-time employment. A center operator may authorize gainful leisure time employment of students as long...

2010-04-01

202

Women at leisure and in work - unequal opportunities?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Explores the changing relationship between work and leisure with particular reference to women’s equality in economic and other activities through a review of the history of leisure opportunities since the industrial revolution; indicates the ways in which social and economic changes have had a major impact on women’s leisure needs and activities. Focuses in particular on the provision of workplace

Malcolm Foley; Gill Maxwell; David McGillivray

1999-01-01

203

Leisure Exploration Service, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinois.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Future population structures will place heavy emphasis on development of leisure time planning. Leisure time activities and recreation are viewed as an integration of work and leisure for the satisfaction of the individual's lifestyle preferences. An interdisciplinary approach to this issue is presented, with emphasis on heightening personal…

Welch, Harvey, Jr.; Wickersham, Beverly Horner

204

Relation between intrinsic motivation and boredom in leisure time  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present investigation replicated and extended an earlier finding of the negative relation between intrinsic motivation in leisure behavior and boredom in leisure time (Iso?Ahola & Weissinger, 1987). Secondary analysis of data from 474 college undergraduates was used to construct a regression model of boredom. Results indicate that the self?determination component of intrinsic leisure motivation explained the greatest portion of

Ellen Weissinger; Linda L. Caldwell; Deborah L. Bandalos

1992-01-01

205

The Relationship Between Psychotherapist Burnout and Satisfaction with Leisure Activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the relationship between involvement in leisure time activities and psychotherapist burnout. A 404 response rate was obtained from a randomized sample of psychologifts from Divisions 29 and 42 of the American Psychological Association. Subjects completed a demographic questionnaire, the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), and the Leisure Satisfaction Scale (LSS). Results confirmed that leisure satisfaction was significantly correlated

James Henry Hoeksma; James D. Guy; Catherine K. Brown; Joan Laidig Brady

1994-01-01

206

Attribute Factors Associated with Work/Leisure Perceptions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perceptions of work and leisure were studied in 393 high school and college varsity basketball players. Task attributes distinguishing perceptions of involvement as work and/or leisure were examined for effects on scholarship, gender, and school year. With constant task factors, the distinction between work and leisure hinged mainly on intrinsic…

Wagner, Sharon L.; And Others

1989-01-01

207

Leisure Behavior and Occupational Identity in University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines relationships between leisure behavior and occupational identity in college students (N=109). Results indicate significant relationships among thinking and contemplating, ethical leisure behavior, and occupational identity. Students more involved in intellectual and creative leisure activities were more advanced in occupational identity…

Munson, Wayne W.; Widmer, Mark A.

1997-01-01

208

A Recreation and Leisure Inventory: Development and Application.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Recreation and Leisure Inventory (RLI) was developed to assist disabled adolescents and young adults in determining their recreation and leisure preferences. The RLI had three prototypes, all of which used an interview format to assess participants' preferences for recreational and leisure activities. The Needs Assessment for Adults with…

Glausier, Sheryl R.; And Others

209

The power game: Cultural influences on gender and leisure  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study reviews the literature on cultural theory and raises questions related to the contradictions of culture and the position of women. It attempts to address research that deals with the concepts and foundations of leisure. It suggests ways of thinking about leisure and explains the importance of leisure in social life. How have different cultures had an influence on

Chiung-Tzu Lucetta Tsai

2010-01-01

210

Respiratory health in home and leisure pursuits.  

PubMed

Many home-based and leisure activities can generate hazardous respirable exposures. Routine domestic activities and a variety of hobbies, avocations, and leisure pursuits have been associated with a spectrum of respiratory tract disorders. Indoor environments present a special risk for high-intensity exposures and adverse health effects. There are important knowledge gaps regarding the prevalence of specific health hazards within and across communities, exposure-response effects, population and individual susceptibilities, best management strategies, the adverse health effects of mixed exposures, and long-term clinical outcomes following exposures. The home environment presents special health risks that should be part of the health assessment. PMID:23153611

Ho, Lawrence A; Kuschner, Ware G

2012-12-01

211

Decoding, Reading, and Reading Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To clarify the role of decoding in reading and reading disability, a model of reading is proposed, which holds that reading equals the product of decoding and comprehension. Three types of reading disability are posited, resulting from an inability to decode (dyslexia), an inability to comprehend (hyperlexia), or both (reading disability).…

Gough, Philip B.; Tunmer, William E.

1986-01-01

212

"Aspire!" A Summer Program in Reading Enrichment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a high school summer reading program that was developed to encourage a lifelong habit of reading for pleasure by assembling a booklist of fiction and nonfiction titles, each sponsored by an administrator or teacher who then led a discussion of that book in the fall. (LRW)

Tanis, Robin S.

2003-01-01

213

Reading Interests of Junior High School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research project studies the reading interests of junior high school students in a city school in the metropolitan Atlanta area. Four hundred and fifty students--representative of the school population according to grade level, race, sex, and scholastic standing--were given a questionnaire reflecting their reading interests and habits.…

Goetze, Henry J.

214

Television Viewing and Reading. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for administrators and policymakers as well as teachers, this digest explores the relationship between television viewing habits and reading achievement. The digest first examines recent research indicating a negative relationship between television viewing in excess of ten hours and reading performance. The digest next focuses on the…

Lehr, Fran

215

PAQ database: Historical Leisure Activity Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

Historical Leisure Activity Questionnaire In: Pereira MA, FitzGerald SJ, Gregg EW, Joswiak ML, Ryan WJ, Suminski RR, Utter AC, Zmuda JM. A collection of Physical Activity Questionnaires for health-related research. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1997 Jun;29(6

216

Infections from leisure-time activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Leisure-time activities expose us to a variety of infections. The traveler confronts new pathogens and vectors. Camping, hiking and gardening have attendant risks, as does exposure to fresh and salt water. Adventuresome eating poses gastronomic threats, and pets, sexual exposure and organized sports each contribute distinctive infectious risks to participants.

David Schlossberg

2001-01-01

217

Infections from leisure-time activities.  

PubMed

Leisure-time activities expose us to a variety of infections. The traveler confronts new pathogens and vectors. Camping, hiking and gardening have attendant risks, as does exposure to fresh and salt water. Adventuresome eating poses gastronomic threats, and pets, sexual exposure and organized sports each contribute distinctive infectious risks to participants. PMID:11377212

Schlossberg, D

2001-05-01

218

Sonic Sport: Sound Art in Leisure Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Starting from the premise that sound is an important aspect of leisure experience neglected within existing research, this article presents a discussion of a creative project to explore ways of encouraging sensitivity to sound in televised sport. We discuss a short film, Super cfc, in which sound and image samples of televised soccer were electronically manipulated and recombined resulting in

Phil Durrant; Eileen Kennedy

2007-01-01

219

Working Vacations: Jobs in Tourism and Leisure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Vacation jobs often mix work and play. For some, the job is their ticket to career happiness. The article's first section describes four jobs specific to entertainment and leisure: (1) cruise ship musician; (2) destination marketing manager; (3) resort activities director; and (4) river rafting guide. The second section helps a person decide if a…

Torpey, Elka Maria

2011-01-01

220

Leisure: Perspectives on Education and Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This compilation of essays presents a broad introduction to substantive issues entering into leisure studies, placing emphasis on the matters of values, goals, and lifestyles. Specific educational perspectives are discussed through such aspects as language, futurology, the arts and recreation, and human values and religion. Related social policy…

Kaplan, Max

221

Leisure, Government and Governance: A Swedish Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The leisure sector has witnessed a tremendous expansion since 1960. The purpose of this article is to analyse the decisions and goals of Swedish government policy during the period 1962 to 2005. The empirical analysis covers government Propositions and governmental investigations. The fields covered are sports, culture, exercise, tourism and…

Lindstrom, Lisbeth

2011-01-01

222

After popular culture: hyperreality and leisure  

Microsoft Academic Search

For at least the last ten years social theory and philosophy has been dominated by the debate on modernity and postmodernity. However, the influence of this debate in leisure studies has been uneven. Postmodern arguments have exerted an influence but they have often been misrepresented by the rhetoric of traditions of collectivist thought. This paper argues that postmodernism should be

Chris Rojek

1993-01-01

223

Recreation and Leisure Service: A Humanistic Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Primarily geared to introductory college level courses, this book deals with the history, foundations, community development, and implications of recreation and leisure in American society. It is an attempt to present this information with a new humanistic perspective reflecting a concern for the dignity and worth of man and the development of…

Murphy, James F.

224

Leisure and Television: A Study in Compatibility.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This seven-chapter essay investigated determinants of television viewing. An introductory chapter suggests the prematurity of considering social effects and the desirability of examining social determinants of television. Chapter One contains a summary of television viewing as studied in the context of communications, leisure, and time allocation…

Myersohn, Rolf Bernard

225

Leisure Constraints and Acculturation among Korean Immigrants  

Microsoft Academic Search

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: An important challenge facing recreation and park managers is the change in the ethnic and racial profile of constituents. Past research has tended to ignore the fact that ethnic and racial minorities are heterogeneous. It is likely that immigrants from any one country vary markedly in how they experience leisure constraints. Past studies have also not determined the

David Scott; Soojin Lee; Jenny Ji-Yeon Lee; Chulwon Kim

226

Leisure, Government and Governance: A Swedish Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The leisure sector has witnessed a tremendous expansion since 1960. The purpose of this article is to analyse the decisions and goals of Swedish government policy during the period 1962 to 2005. The empirical analysis covers government Propositions and governmental investigations. The fields covered are sports, culture, exercise, tourism and…

Lindstrom, Lisbeth

2011-01-01

227

Leisure Service Career Programs Model. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report identifies leisure career occupations, determines the occupational outlook, and develops primary core competencies as well as specialized, optional competencies for entry level employment. The main method of inquiry is described as a needs assessment based on an audit at Moraine Valley Community College, two previous studies by the…

Twining, Marilyn

228

Rethinking Leisure Services in an Aging Population.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey examined fear of crime among an elderly population as it related to leisure behavior and the use of public recreation facilities. Response to the survey showed that, although the elderly population was surprisingly mobile, reasons preventing respondents from using parks and senior centers included: lack of interest, fear of crime, health,…

Godbey, Geoffrey; And Others

1982-01-01

229

Strategies for implementing repositioning of leisure services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Repositioning is viewed as the key to a viable future for leisure services. After a brief review of the repositioning concept, the paper's focus is on the four strategies that can be used to implement repositioning. First is real repositioning. This requires the development of new services or restructuring existing services so they better contribute to addressing the issue(s) expressed

John L. Crompton

2009-01-01

230

CHARACTERIZING HABITABLE EXOMOONS  

SciTech Connect

We discuss the possibility of screening the atmosphere of exomoons for habitability. We concentrate on Earth-like satellites of extrasolar giant planets (EGPs) that orbit in the Habitable Zone (HZ) of their host stars. The detectability of exomoons for EGPs in the HZ has recently been shown to be feasible with the Kepler Mission or equivalent photometry using transit duration observations. Transmission spectroscopy of exomoons is a unique potential tool to screen them for habitability in the near future, especially around low mass stars. Using the Earth itself as a proxy we show the potential and limits of spectroscopy to detect biomarkers on an Earth-like exomoon and discuss effects of tidal locking for such potential habitats.

Kaltenegger, L. [Harvard University, 60 Garden Street, 02138 MA, Cambridge (United States)], E-mail: lkaltene@cfa.harvard.edu

2010-04-01

231

Study habits of CS1 students: what do they do outside the classroom?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we report the results of a survey of the study habits of CS1 students. In this survey, students were asked how much time they spent on course-related activities such as reading the textbook, working on problems outside class, using online learning tools, and consulting with their instructor. We identified factors that influenced student study habits and how

Donald Chinn; Judy Sheard; Angela Carbone; Mikko-Jussi Laakso

2010-01-01

232

Health Habits of Nursing versus Non-nursing Students: A Longitudinal Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Health Habits Inventory was completed at two time intervals by 71 nursing and 83 other students. Nursing students scored higher in health habits and improved significantly over 2 years, especially in such behaviors as eating breakfast, performing self-exams, reading food labels, wearing seatbelts, and exercising. (SK)

Shriver, Cathy B.; Scott-Stiles, Anne

2000-01-01

233

Effects of a Group Program to Increase Cognitive Performance Through Cognitively Stimulating Leisure Activities in Healthy Older Subjects: The AKTIVA Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

To investigate the effects of leisure activities on cognitive performance of healthy older subjects, an innovative intervention program was developed. Frequent participation in cognitively stimulating activities (i.e., reading, playing chess, or playing music) is associated with reduced risk of dementia. AKTIVA (active cognitive stimulation – prevention in the elderly) is an intervention program designed to enhance cognitive stimulation in everyday

Valentina A. Tesky; Christian Thiel; Winfried Banzer; Johannes Pantel

2011-01-01

234

Habits of Spiders  

Microsoft Academic Search

YOUR correspondent, Mr. Frank Rowbotham, in his letter on the ``Habits of Spiders'' (vol. xxvi. p. 386), gives it as his opinion that a spider shakes the web from a desire ``to effect concealment when it feels danger is near.'' I am inclined to think it does so from a feeling of anger. During a long residence in the tropics,

C. W. J

1882-01-01

235

The Teachers' Reading Renaissance[R] Survey. Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study was conducted which surveyed nationwide Renaissance Model classroom teachers. According to responses received from 743 educators, the Reading Renaissance program is extremely beneficial to both students and teachers. Educators noted their students' improved reading habits, increased test scores in reading and all other subjects, improved…

School Renaissance Inst., Inc., Madison, WI.

236

Habitable zones in the universe.  

PubMed

Habitability varies dramatically with location and time in the universe. This was recognized centuries ago, but it was only in the last few decades that astronomers began to systematize the study of habitability. The introduction of the concept of the habitable zone was key to progress in this area. The habitable zone concept was first applied to the space around a star, now called the Circumstellar Habitable Zone. Recently, other, vastly broader, habitable zones have been proposed. We review the historical development of the concept of habitable zones and the present state of the research. We also suggest ways to make progress on each of the habitable zones and to unify them into a single concept encompassing the entire universe. PMID:16254692

Gonzalez, Guillermo

2005-12-01

237

Measuring University Students' Regulatory Leisure Coping Styles: Planned Breathers or Avoidance?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evidence suggests that leisure activities can be used as a means for coping with stress, but how leisure is used as an effective way to regulate difficult tasks is still unclear. Self-Determination Theory was used as a theoretical framework to propose two distinct approaches to regulatory leisure coping: the Planned-Breather Leisure Coping Style and the Avoidant Leisure Coping Style. The

Danielle A. Patry; Céline M. Blanchard; Lisa Mask

2007-01-01

238

The Occupation of Leisure: Three Typologies and Their Influence on Mental Health in Adolescence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Structural equation modeling of data on 850 adolescents' leisure participation indicated a significant positive relationship between leisure and mental health. Leisure had a positive influence on self-efficacy, competence, and global self-worth. Only selected forms of leisure had these effects; e.g., achievement leisure enhanced self-efficacy and…

Passmore, Anne

2003-01-01

239

Leisure and sustainable development in Norway: part of the solution and the problem  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article presents the results of two succeeding Norwegian studies on the environmental impacts of leisure consumption. The first study presents data on the total consumption of leisure products and services by Norwegians, showing that leisure consumption increases more than everyday consumption, the most energy-intensive leisure activities increase the most, leisure activities have become more dependent on transportation and that

Carlo Aall; Ingun Grimstad Klepp; Agnes Brudvik Engeset; Silje Elisabeth Skuland; Eli Støa

2011-01-01

240

WAL-MART, LEISURE, AND CULTURE  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay contributes to the debate about the alleged spillover effects associated with Wal-Mart’s growth. Combining county-level data on Wal-Mart entry and location from 1985 through 1998 with individual-level data on leisure activities, we estimate a positive relationship between Wal-Mart penetration and participation in activities involving inputs that can be bought at Wal-Mart. The relationship between Wal-Mart penetration and activities

ART CARDEN; CHARLES COURTEMANCHE

2009-01-01

241

Measured time: Women, sport and leisure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Differences between men's and women's perceptions and experiences of time and leisure have implications for their approaches to sport and physical activities. The special circumstances of women's lives, in particular their responsibilities for domestic work and child care, contribute to a perspective that tends to be task-oriented rather than time-oriented, qualitative rather than quantitative, and altruistic rather than self-interested. Thus,

Helen Lenskyj

1988-01-01

242

Habitable zones and UV habitable zones around host stars  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ultraviolet radiation is a double-edged sword to life. If it is too strong, the terrestrial biological systems will be damaged. And if it is too weak, the synthesis of many biochemical compounds cannot go along. We try to obtain the continuous ultraviolet habitable zones, and compare the ultraviolet habitable zones with the habitable zones of host stars. Using the boundary ultraviolet radiation of ultraviolet habitable zone, we calculate the ultraviolet habitable zones of host stars with masses from 0.08 to 4.00 M ?. For the host stars with effective temperatures lower than 4,600 K, the ultraviolet habitable zones are closer than the habitable zones. For the host stars with effective temperatures higher than 7,137 K, the ultraviolet habitable zones are farther than the habitable zones. For a hot subdwarf as a host star, the distance of the ultraviolet habitable zone is about ten times more than that of the habitable zone, which is not suitable for the existence of life.

Guo, Jianpo; Zhang, Fenghui; Zhang, Xianfei; Han, Zhanwen

2010-01-01

243

Social Cognitive Correlates of Leisure Time Physical Activity Among Latinos  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the well-documented benefits of leisure time physical activity, Latinos are reported to be highest among all ethnic groups in leisure time inactivity. The present study examined the relationship between leisure time physical activity and exercise self-efficacy, exercise barriers self-efficacy, exercise social support, and perceived importance of physical activity. Data were obtained from 153 Latinos (n = 86 female, n

David X. Marquez; Edward McAuley

2006-01-01

244

Ways of seeing degrees of leisure: from practice to pedagogy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the context of higher education (HE), Leisure Studies has become an increasingly diverse, segmented and disjointed collection of curricula, driven by a fast-changing politico-economic landscape and the growing market potential of emergent sub-specialisms such as sport, tourism and event management. A decline in interest in, and perceived relevance of, the idea of leisure has seen Leisure Studies as a

Sam Elkington

2012-01-01

245

The Galactic Habitable Zone  

SciTech Connect

We propose the concept of a 'Galactic Habitable Zone' (GHZ). Similar to the circumstellar habitable zone (CHZ), the GHZ is that region in a spiral galaxy where life can exist. The width of the GHZ is controlled by two factors. The inner (closest to the center of the galaxy) limit is set by threats to complex life: nearby transient sources of ionizing radiation and comet impacts. Such threats tend to increase close to the galactic center. The outer limit is imposed by galactic chemical evolution, specifically the abundance of heavier elements. Observation of stars in the Milky Way galaxy suggests that the outer reaches of a spiral galaxy may be too poor in heavy elements to allow terrestrial complex life to exist.

Gonzalez, Guillermo (Iowa State University)

2002-08-21

246

Bowel Habit in Pregnancy  

Microsoft Academic Search

One thousand healthy postpartum Israeli women were interviewed on their bowel habit before and during pregnancy. In 54.6% there was no change in the bowel frequency during pregnancy, while 34.4% had an increased and 11% a decreased frequency. An incidence of 4.9% of subjects indicated that they had experienced diarrhea of 2–8 weeks duration in the last trimester. When the

N. Levy; E. Lemberg; M. Sharf

1971-01-01

247

Personality and health habits  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four hundred and fifty-five males and 523 females from a community sample participated in a study on the relationship between seven health practices (sleeping; breakfasting; snacking; being at good weight; smoking; alcohol consumption and physical activity) and seven personality factors (Neuroticism; Social Inadequacy; Rigidity; Hostility; Self-sufficiency; Dominance and Self-esteem).It was found that the seven health habits did not constitute a

A. J. J. M. Vingerhoets; M. Croon; A. J. Jeninga; L. J. Menges

1990-01-01

248

Project Read.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses a project developed at Damiansville Elementary School (Illinois) to improve reading scores on state reading tests and encourage students to improve reading achievement. Topics include funding; the Standardized Tests for Assessment of Reading; the Accelerated Reader program; planning; the role of the library; and community participation.…

Pingsterhaus, Ruth

2000-01-01

249

Reading Rituals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Ogden, Utah schools have used the mandates of the federal Reading First grant program to transform reading instruction and student achievement in low-performing schools. Reading First was approved by Congress in 2001 under the No Child Left Behind Act to bring scientifically based reading methods and materials to struggling schools. The $1…

Manzo, Kathleen Kennedy

2007-01-01

250

Reading Comics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many adults, even librarians who willingly add comics to their collections, often dismiss the importance of comics. Compared to reading "real" books, reading comics appears to be a simple task and compared to reading no books, reading comics might be preferable. After all, comics do have words, but the plentiful pictures seem to carry most of…

Tilley, Carol L.

2008-01-01

251

Urban park visiting habits and leisure activities of residents in Hong Kong, China  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines urban park visiting behaviour of Hong Kong residents. It uses the findings from a telephone survey conducted in 2005, in which 758 Hong Kong residents were successfully interviewed. The survey found that there were slightly more infrequent park users than frequent park users (FPUs) in Hong Kong. About 8% of the respondents said that they never visit

Koon Kwai Wong

2009-01-01

252

Habitable zones and UV habitable zones around host stars  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ultraviolet radiation is a double-edged sword to life. If it is too strong, the terrestrial biological systems will be damaged.\\u000a And if it is too weak, the synthesis of many biochemical compounds cannot go along. We try to obtain the continuous ultraviolet\\u000a habitable zones, and compare the ultraviolet habitable zones with the habitable zones of host stars. Using the boundary

Jianpo Guo; Fenghui Zhang; Xianfei Zhang; Zhanwen Han

2010-01-01

253

Relationships between Sixth-Graders' Reading Comprehension and Two Different Measures of Print Exposure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined sixth-graders' reading comprehension and component reading abilities in relation to two measures of print exposure: an author recognition test (ART) involving fiction authors and a reading habits questionnaire (RHQ) about children's voluntary reading for enjoyment across various genres. The ART correlated only with children's…

Spear-Swerling, Louise; Brucker, Pamela O.; Alfano, Michael P.

2010-01-01

254

Demand for leisure air travel and limits to growth  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses methodologies for analysing the existence of limits to growth of leisure air travel and defines the concept of demand maturity. It considers the air market as one of a number of inter-related travel markets and applies these concepts to a UK case study. The paper concludes that the UK air international leisure travel market is only at

Anne Graham

2000-01-01

255

Leisure and play in Plato's teaching and philosophy of learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

A detailed investigation of Plato's dialogues reveals that he believed leisure was a central purpose for teaching the liberal arts. Schools should teach citizens not to escape leisure by choosing to work excessively and to turn instead to virtue, embodied in the state in the day?to?day practice of the liberal arts. But play was Plato's teaching method. Children learned best

Benjamin Kline Hunnicutt

1990-01-01

256

Serial murder as an act of deviant leisure  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explored the relationship between deviant leisure and serial murder. The authors examined acts of deviant leisure and serial murderers for 14 teams of male and female serial killers (n = 28) between 1947 and 1992. We found that male and female team serial killers spent an inordinate amount of time preparing, committing (trolling, kidnap, rape, and torture) and

Lynn Gunn; Linda T. Caissie

2006-01-01

257

‘Race’, sport and leisure: lessons from critical race theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents and explores critical race theory (CRT) as an ontological starting point for the study of sport and leisure. CRT is based on five precepts outlined by Solorzano and Yosso that centre ‘race’ and racism, social justice, plurivocality, transdisciplinarity and challenge orthodoxies. There have been a number of recent criticisms and debates amongst leisure and sports studies writers

KEVIN HYLTON

2005-01-01

258

Taking a “Peak” at Leisure Travelers’ Positive Emotions  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is ample evidence to suggest that positive emotions lead to valuable life outcomes. This study examines daily positive emotion development before, during, and after a leisure travel experience. The study measured positive emotions on a daily basis in 25 mature adult participants before, during, and after two leisure travel experiences. Consistent with the “peak” model in previous research, positive

Ondrej Mitas; Careen Yarnal; Reginald Adams; Nilam Ram

2012-01-01

259

THE LEISURE IN ANCIENT ROME: chronicles of an Empire rise  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present research is aimed at describing scientifically how the citizenship practiced the leisure in Ancient Rome ranging from I B.C and I D. C centuries. Almost 123 years of history that deserves being uncovered. Readers who wish having clear how leisure conformed in High Empire should refer to classical biographers such as Cornelius Tacitus and Caius Suetonius. In different

Maximiliano KORSTANJE

2009-01-01

260

Influence of leisure activity on the incidence of Alzheimer's Disease  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine whether leisure activities modify the risk for incident dementia. Background Although high educational and occupational attainments have been associated with reduced risk of incident dementia, the relation between leisure activities and dementia risk has not been adequately investigated. Methods A total of 1,772 nondemented individuals aged 65 years or older, living in northern Manhattan, New York, were identified and followed longitudinally in a community-based cohort incidence study. Subjects’ leisure activities at baseline were assessed, annual examinations with the same standardized neurologic and neuropsychological measures were performed for up to 7 years (mean 2.9 years), and incident dementia was assessed as the main outcome measure. Cox proportional hazards models, adjusting for age, ethnic group, education, and occupation, were used to estimate the relative risk (RR) of incident dementia associated with high leisure activities. Results Of the 1,772 subjects, 207 became demented. The risk of dementia was decreased in subjects with high leisure activities (RR, 0.62; 95% CI 0.46 to 0.83). The association of high leisure with decreased RR of incident dementia was present even when baseline cognitive performance, health limitations interfering with desired leisure activities, cerebrovascular disease, and depression were considered. Conclusions The data suggest that engagement in leisure activities may reduce the risk of incident dementia, possibly by providing a reserve that delays the onset of clinical manifestations of the disease.

Scarmeas, N.; Levy, G.; Tang, M.-X.; Manly, J.; Stern, Y.

2011-01-01

261

Is Marx still relevant to the study of leisure?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is an attempt to reaffirm the relevance of Marxism for Leisure Studies. It is motivated by the view that the influence of Marxism on the field was late and short lived (primarily through Clarke and Critcher’s book The Devil Makes Work (1985)). Marxism in Leisure Studies was rapidly eclipsed by the revival of neo-liberal approaches and the ascent

Chris Rojek

2012-01-01

262

Shared parent–child leisure time in four countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sharing leisure experiences is thought to promote family bonding and communication, and foster children’s intellectual, social and psychological development. Such time is ‘purposive’, and requires planning, organisation and maintenance, usually from the mother. Do parents and children spend more time in shared leisure together in countries where mothers do more childcare and spend longer each day with children? Using time

Lyn Craig; Killian Mullan

2012-01-01

263

Shared parent–child leisure time in four countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sharing leisure experiences is thought to promote family bonding and communication, and foster children’s intellectual, social and psychological development. Such time is ‘purposive’, and requires planning, organisation and maintenance, usually from the mother. Do parents and children spend more time in shared leisure together in countries where mothers do more childcare and spend longer each day with children? Using time

Lyn Craig; Killian Mullan

2011-01-01

264

Leisure, gender and family: the influence of social policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

A number of authors have recently called for reconsideration of the way in which gender and the family are investigated within leisure studies. This paper proposes that future analyses should include more explicit recognition of the ideological and practical influence of social policy on contemporary gender relations. The paper suggests that social policy has particular significance for debates within leisure

Tess Kay

2000-01-01

265

Leisure as resistance within the context of dementia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Older adults are at risk of experiencing ageism, which can have negative implications for their quality of life. When diagnosed with dementia, older adults may experience increased stigma due to memory loss. However, leisure can be a space for resisting dominant ideologies, and older adults may use leisure to resist ageist stereotypes, leading to feelings of empowerment. Since persons with

M. Rebecca Genoe

2010-01-01

266

Intermountain Leisure Symposium (8th, Ogden, Utah, November 19, 1987).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Contained in this conference report are 22 selected papers presented at a symposium of leisure and recreation professionals. Titles and authors are: (1) "Ethics in Recreation and Leisure Services" (S. Harold Smith); (2) "Growing Opportunities: The Aging Population Market" (Nila M. Ipson); (3) "The Myth of Comfort" (Daniel L. Dustin); (4) "Golf as…

Nelson, Dennis A., Ed.

267

Leisure Activities and Adolescent Psychological Well-Being  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We examined the validity of the reported link between well-being and leisure participation in adolescents. Nine hundred and forty-seven, Year 10 students from 19 schools in Adelaide, South Australia, were recruited. Participants completed a questionnaire concerning participation in social, non-social and unstructured leisure activities as well as…

Trainor, Sarah; Delfabbro, Paul; Anderson, Sarah; Winefield, Anthony

2010-01-01

268

The Use of Leisure Counselling as a Therapeutic Technique  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|If leisure is defined as free or unobligated time, then leisure is clearly the category of time expenditure that has the greatest potential for making people healthy and happy but it also has the greatest potential for creating problems. Therefore, educating and counselling people on how to make best use of their free time can have a great impact…

Leitner, Michael J.; Leitner, Sara F.

2005-01-01

269

Linking Leisure Interests to the RIASEC World of Work Map  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study presents an interpretive framework for linking leisure interests, measured by the Leisure Interest Questionnaire (LIQ), to J. L. Holland's (1997) circumplex model of the world of work. Published data representing correlations between the LIQ and Holland's RIASEC interest types were obtained from Hansen and Scullard (2002).…

Armstrong, Patrick Ian; Rounds, James

2008-01-01

270

Leisure Role of Public Libraries: A Historical Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Leisure has been contested as a valid role of public libraries in the UK since their introduction in 1850 yet it has been a major reason for the public's use of libraries. Where the educational role and information provision function of libraries have been seen as purposeful and worthwhile, the leisure role has been generally valued less with the…

Hayes, Emma; Morris, Anne

2005-01-01

271

Leadership for Recreation, Parks, and Leisure Services. Fourth Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Leadership for Recreation, Parks and Leisure Services" presents new perspectives on the importance of leadership in the profession. Integrating theory with practice, the book provides foundational perspectives in the study of leadership at all levels--direct service, supervisory, managerial and community/civic--in recreation, parks and leisure

Edginton, Christopher R.; Hudson, Susan D.; Scholl, Kathleen G.; Lauzon, Lara

2011-01-01

272

The Relationship among Leisure Interests, Personality Traits, Affect, and Mood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study examined relationships between leisure interests and the Big Five personality traits, positive and negative affect, and moods. Regression analysis identified particular personality but not mood or affect variables as significant predictors of leisure factor scores. Further exploration through factor analysis revealed factor…

Wilkinson, Todd J.; Hansen, Jo-Ida C.

2006-01-01

273

Relation between Leisure and Career Development of College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of 239 college freshmen found that those who perceived themselves as effective, competent, and in control of their leisure time had a clearer picture of occupational goals, interests, and talents. Those more committed to their leisure role displayed greater competence in career decision making and exploration. (SK)

Munson, Wayne W.; Savickas, Mark L.

1998-01-01

274

Leisure and the University Campus: A Holistic Viewpoint.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The planning of leisure time activities for college students should consider the academic as well as athletic traditions of the institution. It is important that one consider the traditional mission of the institution, involving instruction, research, and service, in determining the role of leisure. (CJ)

Mobley, Tony A.

1980-01-01

275

A Conceptual Framework for Leisure and Subjective Well-Being  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine a conceptual framework for an individual's subjective perception of leisure that contributes to Subjective Well-Being (SWB). More specifically, this study was an attempt to examine causal relationships among social cognitive variables, subjective perception of leisure, and SWB. A survey was administered to…

Kim, Byunggook

2009-01-01

276

A Study of the Leisure Experience of Turkish University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The shortened Leisure Experience Battery, developed by Caldwell, Smith, and Weissinger (1992), was applied to a sample of Turkish university students. The Leisure Experience Battery was developed and tested for US (American) adolescents and university students (Barnett, 2005). In the present study the Battery was used to examine a sample of 207…

Gokturk, Soheyda

2009-01-01

277

Recreation Programming: Designing Leisure Experiences. 5th Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Originally published in 1989, "Recreation Programming: Designing Leisure Experiences" has become a standard in the park, recreation, and leisure service industry. This title has been used to teach beginning and experienced programmers in over 100 higher-education institutions, both nationally and internationally. Designed in a user-friendly…

Rossman, J. Robert; Schlatter, Barbara Elwood

2008-01-01

278

From Education to Initiation—Leisure as a Second Chance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Leisure is an opportunity to do and learn things which, in instrumental life, we do not have the chance to do. Leisure should not remain merely ‘time off’, rather it can be used to change our whole lives into enlightening experiences, enriching and strengthening us. In free time, as in initiation, one has the opportunity to meet with himself. The

Corinne Spector; Elie Cohen-Gewerc

2001-01-01

279

Invite, include, and involve: racial groups, ethnic groups, and leisure  

Treesearch

State College, PA: Venture Publishing, p. 179-1 ... Whatever the leisure activity and however the leisure profession delivers that service to the public, it is ... However it is a larger file size and some people may experience long download times.

280

The Relationship among Leisure Interests, Personality Traits, Affect, and Mood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined relationships between leisure interests and the Big Five personality traits, positive and negative affect, and moods. Regression analysis identified particular personality but not mood or affect variables as significant predictors of leisure factor scores. Further exploration through factor analysis revealed factor…

Wilkinson, Todd J.; Hansen, Jo-Ida C.

2006-01-01

281

Leisure and Liberal Education: A Plea for Uselessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One cannot promote liberal education and ignore the fundamental tension that exists between leisure and utility. "To aim at utility everywhere," Aristotle writes, "is utterly unbecoming to high-minded and liberal spirits." Thus, the author's plea for leisure, for "uselessness," is a plea for the revitalization of liberal education. The purpose of…

Jalbert, John E.

2009-01-01

282

A Qualitative Look at Leisure Benefits for Taiwanese Nursing Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine attitudes of first year nursing students toward leisure participation at the Jen-Te Junior College of Medicine Nursing and Management in Miao-Li, Taiwan. The three research questions used for this study were: What types of leisure activities do first year nursing students at Jen-Te Junior College…

Hsieh, Shwu-Ching; Spaulding, Angela; Riney, Mark

2004-01-01

283

Expenditure elasticities of the demand for leisure services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although some research has already focused on the analysis of expenditure elasticities of leisure demand, some shortcomings with regard to the content and the underlying theoretical model as well as the applied methods exist. This article aims at avoiding these problems to provide consistent derivatives of leisure service expenditure elasticities. Therefore, a regular demand system is derived from microeconomic duality

Tim Pawlowski; Christoph Breuer

2012-01-01

284

Philosophical Issues in High-Tech Sport and Leisure  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines several philosophical issues related to emerging technologies in sport and leisure. There are a range of technologies that will likely be offered to boost performance in sport, ranging from prosthetic devices and cyborg-like implants to gene therapy and enhancement. Computer generated simulations are already in use in work and leisure, and are expected to be pervasive in

Christopher Jones; Dennis Hemphill

2007-01-01

285

Delivery of Community Leisure Services: An Holistic Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An overview is provided of societal events and factors contributing to social change and how these relate to leisure behavior patterns. It is primarily addressed to students in leisure studies and park management curricula in community recreation, programming, and administration courses. The book is divided into three parts: Section I includes…

Murphy, James F.; Howard, Dennis R.

286

Leadership for Recreation, Parks, and Leisure Services. Third Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This third edition of "Leadership for Recreation, Parks, and Leisure Services" is unique from many different perspectives.The current effort of this book is focused on bringing together a number of interrelated elements that influence leadership in recreation, parks, and leisure service organizations. Thus, the authors have focused the effort on…

Edginton, Christopher R.; Hudson, Susan D.; Scholl, Kathleen G.

2005-01-01

287

Leisure and Recreation in Long Duration Space Missions1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Leisure activities pursued during long range space missions should not be considered by planners as merely a way of filling in time. Current astronaut selection procedure tends to favor those who in leisure time in a spacecraft will spontaneously pursue mission-oriented activities, making the most of whatever facilities are available. With provision of an appropriate climate and opportunity, encouragement can

T. M. Fraser

1968-01-01

288

Importance of Green Hotel Attributes to Business and Leisure Travelers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study assessed the environmental attitudes of business and leisure travelers, their green behavior at home, and the level of importance they place on having different green attributes in a hotel. A sample of 571 business and leisure travelers completed an online survey. Correlation analysis and t-tests were used to test for differences between the two groups. Results indicated that

Michelle Millar; Karl J. Mayer; Seyhmus Baloglu

2012-01-01

289

Moral Dilemmas of Participation in Dangerous Leisure Activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Participation in risky leisure activities (including so?called ‘extreme’ sports) has increased in recent years, along with a concomitant growth in the related supporting industries, and in media coverage of events and associated lifestyles. The rise in popularity of dangerous leisure pursuits has led to questions about whether these activities should be regulated, or whether legislation should be enacted to prohibit

Steve Olivier

2006-01-01

290

Three generations of women's leisure: Changes, challenges and continuities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the leisure lives of twelve women, from four families, across three generations. Drawing on qualitative data from interviews with ‘trios’ of three generations of women, I examine changes and shifts in women's leisure across the life-course and within families. At the outset of the research I was interested primarily in identifying changes, but soon the data revealed

Samantha Holland

2012-01-01

291

Political ideology and leisure policy in the United Kingdom  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is no well-developed literature on the relationship between leisure policy and political ideology. Three political ideologies — liberalism, conservatism and socialism — are examined for their core values and social policy implications. An attempt is made to construct liberal, conservative and socialist leisure policies, deduced from their ideological positions and current writings and policy statements of key thinkers. It

P. Bramham; I. P. Henry

1985-01-01

292

Are Korean Secondary School Girls Physically Active During Leisure Time?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our aims in this study were to identify the types of physical activity during leisure time and to determine if Korean secondary school girls participate in enough physical activity during leisure time to promote health. Of the 1,088 girls randomly selected by a multistaged cluster sampling technique, 705 girls completed questionnaires. Seventy-five percent of Korean secondary school girls spent time

Minhaeng Cho; Wook-Dong Kwon; Yong-Bae Jeon

2010-01-01

293

Need for Closure and Youngsters’ Leisure Time Preferences  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Need for Closure is introduced as an individual characteristic that can help explain individual differences in engagement in leisure activities. Both a leisure engagement inventory and a validated Dutch version of the Need for Closure Scale were administered to a convenience sample of 1035 young adults aged between 15 and 24 of which about 54% were female. As hypothesized,

I. VERMEIR; M. GEUENS

2005-01-01

294

The Meaning of Leisure in Middle Adulthood. A Developmental Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study assessing how 54 middle-aged adults perceived leisure time indicated that they saw themselves and the meaning of major life spheres to have changed since young adulthood. Leisure was integrally related with other realms of life such as work, family, homelife, community participation, and friendship. (CB)

Freysinger, Valeria J.

1987-01-01

295

The Role of the "Y" as a Leisure Education Organization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the increasing amount of leisure time people are facing due to shorter work weeks and longer life spans, there is a growing need for public agencies to offer fulfilling leisure time activities to its community members, as well as teach them how to use this time appropriately. The YMCAs, (Young Men's Christian Association), and YM-YWHAs (Young…

Sperling, Trudi

296

Need for closure and youngsters' leisure time preferences  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Need for Closure is introduced as an individual characteristic that can help explain individual differences in engagement in leisure activities. Both a leisure engagement inventory and a validated Dutch version of the Need for Closure Scale were administered to a convenience sample of 1035 young adults aged between 15 and 24 of which about 54% were female. As hypothesized,

IRIS VERMEIR; M. Geuens

2006-01-01

297

Leisure noise exposure in adolescents and young adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many efforts have been made in recent times to combat occupational noise exposure, and noise preventive measures in many industries seem promising. Less positive, however, are noise exposure situations during leisure time activities. New noisy leisure activities are cropping up, and sound levels appear to have increased over the years. There is thus reason for concern over such noisy activities

A. Axelsson

1991-01-01

298

A Conceptual Framework for Leisure and Subjective Well-Being  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to examine a conceptual framework for an individual's subjective perception of leisure that contributes to Subjective Well-Being (SWB). More specifically, this study was an attempt to examine causal relationships among social cognitive variables, subjective perception of leisure, and SWB. A survey was administered to…

Kim, Byunggook

2009-01-01

299

Pathways towards Habitable Moons  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The search for life outside of the Solar System should not be restricted to exclusively planetary bodies; large moons of extrasolar planets may also be common habitable environments throughout the Galaxy. Extrasolar moons, or exomoons, may be detected through transit timing effects induced onto the host planet as a result of mutual gravitational interaction. In particular, transit timing variations (TTV) and transit duration variations (TDV) are predicted to produce a unique exomoon signature, which is not only easily distinguished from other gravitational perturbations, but also provides both the period and mass of an exomoon. Using these timing effects, photometry greater or equal to that of the Kepler Mission is readily able to detect habitable-zone exomoons down to 0.2 Mearth and could survey up to 25,000 stars for Earth-mass satellites. We discuss future possibilities for spectral retrieval of such bodies and show that transmission spectroscopy with JWST should be able to detect molecular species with ˜30 transit events, in the best cases.

Kipping, D. M.; Fossey, S. J.; Campanella, G.; Schneider, J.; Tinetti, G.

2010-10-01

300

Flares and habitability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At present, dwarf M stars are being considered as potential hosts for habitable planets. However, an important fraction of these stars are flare stars, which among other kind of radiation, emit large amounts of UV radiation during flares, and it is unknown how this events can affect life, since biological systems are particularly vulnerable to UV. In this work we evaluate a well known dMe star, EV Lacertae (GJ 873) as a potential host for the emergence and evolution of life, focusing on the effects of the UV emission associated with flare activity. Since UV-C is particularly harmful for living organisms, we studied the effect of UV-C radiation on halophile archaea cultures. The halophile archaea or haloarchaea are extremophile microorganisms, which inhabit in hypersaline environments and which show several mechanisms to cope with UV radiation since they are naturally exposed to intense solar UV radiation on Earth. To select the irradiance to be tested, we considered a moderate flare on this star. We obtained the mean value for the UV-C irradiance integrating the IUE spectrum in the impulsive phase, and considering a hypothetical planet in the center of the liquid water habitability zone. To select the irradiation times we took the most frequent duration of flares on this star which is from 9 to 27 minutes. Our results show that even after considerable UV damage, the haloarchaeal cells survive at the tested doses, showing that this kind of life could survive in a relatively hostile UV environment.

Abrevaya, Ximena C.; Cortón, Eduardo; Mauas, Pablo J. D.

2012-07-01

301

Trojans in habitable zones.  

PubMed

With the aid of numerical experiments we examined the dynamical stability of fictitious terrestrial planets in 1:1 mean motion resonance with Jovian-like planets of extrasolar planetary systems. In our stability study of the so-called "Trojan" planets in the habitable zone, we used the restricted three-body problem with different mass ratios of the primary bodies. The application of the three-body problem showed that even massive Trojan planets can be stable in the 1:1 mean motion resonance. From the 117 extrasolar planetary systems only 11 systems were found with one giant planet in the habitable zone. Out of this sample set we chose four planetary systems--HD17051, HD27442, HD28185, and HD108874--for further investigation. To study the orbital behavior of the stable zone in the different systems, we used direct numerical computations (Lie Integration Method) that allowed us to determine the escape times and the maximum eccentricity of the fictitious "Trojan planets." PMID:16225431

Schwarz, Richard; Pilat-Lohinger, Elke; Dvorak, Rudolf; Erdi, Balint; Sándor, Zsolt

2005-10-01

302

Time trends in leisure time physical activity and physical fitness in elderly people: 20 year follow-up of the Spanish population national health survey (1987-2006)  

PubMed Central

Background To estimate trends in leisure time physical activity and physical fitness between 1987-2006 in older Spanish people. Methods We analyzed data collected from the Spanish National Health Surveys conducted in 1987 (n = 29,647), 1993 (n = 20,707), 1995-1997 (n = 12,800), 2001 (n = 21,058), 2003 (n = 21,650), and 2006 (n = 29,478). The number of subjects aged ? 65 years included in the current study was 29,263 (1987: n = 4,958-16.7%; 1993: n = 3,751-17.8%; 1995-97: n = 2,229-17.4%; 2001: n = 4,356-20.7%; 2003: 6,134-28.3%; 2006: 7,835-26.5%). Main variables included leisure-time physical activity and physical fitness. We analyzed socio-demographic characteristics, self-rated health status, lifestyle habit and co-morbid conditions using multivariate logistic regression models. Results Women exhibited lower prevalence of leisure time physical activity and physical fitness compared to men (P < 0.05). The multivariate analysis for time trends found that practising leisure time physical activity increased from 1987 to 2006 (P < 0.001). Variables associated with a lower likelihood of practicing leisure time physical activity were: age ? 80 years old, ? 2 co-morbid chronic conditions, and obesity. Variables associated with lower physical fitness included: age ? 80 years, worse self rated health; ? 2 medications (only for walking), and obesity. Conclusions We found an increase in leisure time physical activity in the older Spanish population. Older age, married status, co-morbid conditions, obesity, and worse self-perceived health status were associated with lower activity. Identification of these factors can help to identify individuals at risk for physical inactivity.

2011-01-01

303

Reading & Happiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several large-scale studies confirm that students nationwide are eschewing reading for other pursuits. Less than one third of 13-year-olds read daily; the percentage of 17-year-olds who read nothing for pleasure has ballooned. In a span of 20 years, American students have transformed from being among the most to the least avid readers of…

Baines, Lawrence

2009-01-01

304

Multicultural Reading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multicultural reading advocates believe in the power of literature to transform and to change people's lives. They take seriously the arguments that racism and prejudice can be lessened through multicultural reading, and also that children from undervalued societal groups who read books that depict people like themselves in a positive light will…

Veltze, Linda

2004-01-01

305

Multicultural Reading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Multicultural reading advocates believe in the power of literature to transform and to change people's lives. They take seriously the arguments that racism and prejudice can be lessened through multicultural reading, and also that children from undervalued societal groups who read books that depict people like themselves in a positive light will…

Veltze, Linda

2004-01-01

306

The Minister's Time, Leisure, and Continuing Education; A Study of Time Use, Participation in Leisure Activities and Continuing Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Protestant ministers (a 15% sample) serving urban congregations in Santa Clara County, California, were surveyed on work and leisure time, participation in leisure activities, and participation in formal and informal continuing education. Emphasis was on differences in life styles between pastors with large, and those with small congregations.…

Hollister, James Elliott

307

[Gender and leisure-time physical activity].  

PubMed

This article discusses the relationship between gender and the social construction of the body, specifically focusing on physical exercise during leisure time. The Pró-Saúde Project is a prospective study consisting of 4,030 employees of a university in Rio de Janeiro, in which we analyzed the answers on leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) by 3,740 participants. The results show a prevalence of males in LTPA. Age, schooling, and per capita family income were directly associated with exercise among women, as compared to per capita family among men. Men were more frequently involved in group sports and physical activities that required more strength than women, including football, tennis, volleyball, martial arts, jogging, and weight lifting. Women performed more individual physical activities and those demanding less strength, like walking, dance, gymnastics, and hydrogym. The results suggest that LTPA is a domain of daily life that is organized according to certain conventions, amongst which gender-related conceptions concerning the ideal body, where men and women display distinct behaviors in relation to physical exercise. PMID:15029352

Salles-Costa, Rosana; Heilborn, Maria Luiza; Werneck, Guilherme Loureiro; Faerstein, Eduardo; Lopes, Claudia S

2004-03-08

308

[Sports correlate with positive living habits. Results from the population survey the Swiss MONICA project].  

PubMed

Exercise is associated with positive health habits: Findings from the populations survey of the Swiss MONICA-project. Relatively little is known on population-wide relations of habitual exercise to relevant health factors such as diet, cigarette smoking and overweight. Data from a population-based sample of approximately 800 men and women each, aged 25-64, collected in western Switzerland as a part of an international WHO-project, were used to examine cross-sectionally the interrelationships between different lifestyle factors. Men and women training regularly (i.e. greater than or equal to 2 times/wk) exhibited consistently and highly significantly more favourable health habits, regarding diet (i.e. trimming visible fat, higher intake of fruits, salad and vegetables, yogurt and cottage cheese), nonsmoking, and weight control. Men and women with at least some regular physical activity during leisure-time had in turn more favourable health habits than their sedentary counterparts. In both sexes, educational level was directly related to exercise and a healthy diet, and inversely related to smoking and relative weight. Regularly training men and women also had a significantly improved lipid profile compared to inactive ones. It is concluded from this study that leisure-time physical activity and exercise are related to a positive health behaviour including diet, nonsmoking and efficient weight control. This may suggest that exercise should possibly be integrated into any population-wide attempts and efforts to promote health to enhance primary prevention. PMID:2218474

Dai, S F; Marti, B; Rickenbach, M; Gutzwiller, F

1990-09-01

309

Thermodynamics and Planetary Habitability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The relevance of thermodynamics as the driving force for life has long been recognized, for instance by Boltzmann (1886), Lotka (1922) and Schrödinger (1944). Thermodynamics has also been used to characterize planetary habitability. The Earth's atmosphere in a state far from thermodynamic equilibrium, as reflected by its high oxygen content, has been used as an indication for a habitable planet as this state is maintained by the biosphere (Lovelock, 1965). Yet the question remains regarding the fundamental causes that make planet Earth so habitable, or, in other words, what the driving principles are that make the emergence of life an inevitable feature of Earth system functioning. As an extension to these thermodynamic views, I argue here that the myriad of different biogeochemical processes that we call life act to maximize the planetary rate of entropy production. The possibility to do so exists on Earth because its planetary albedo, and therefore the amount of absorbed sunlight and planetary entropy production, is not a fixed planetary property, but emerges from the dynamics of the climate system and the global biogeochemical cycles that shape the composition of the atmosphere. A dominant effect on the planetary albedo is surface temperature: low temperatures result in more highly reflective snow and sea-ice cover, while high temperatures result in an atmosphere with high moisture contents, low temperature gradients, and likely higher reflective cloud cover. Hence, a minimum planetary albedo should exist for a certain, optimum surface temperature at which the absorption of sunlight and the associated rate of entropy production is maximized. Surface temperature, in turn, can be regulated towards the optimum through the intensity of carbon cycling as it directly impacts the strength of the atmospheric greenhouse effect. Hence, a carbon-cycling biosphere can be seen as the biogeochemical implementation to maximize planetary entropy production. This thermodynamic perspective views life as an intrinsic planetary property that is the inevitable consequence of non-equilibrium thermodynamic systems to maximize their rates of entropy production to the extent possible (Kleidon 2004). Planetary habitability can then be related to the flexibility of the planetary boundary conditions, that is, the extent to which these can be altered by internal dynamics. In this presentation, I describe this view in more detail and will outline methods by which this view can be tested quantitatively with numerical simulation models of the Earth system. References Boltzmann, L.: Der zweite Hauptsatz der mechanischen Wärmetheorie. Almanach der kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 36:225-259, 1886. Kleidon, A.: Beyond Gaia: Thermodynamics of life and Earth system functioning. Clim. Ch., 66:271-319, 2004. Lotka, A. J.: Natural Selection as a Physical Principle. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 8:151-154, 1922. Lovelock, J.?aE.: A Physical Basis for Life Detection Experiments. Nature, 207:568- 570, 1965. Schrödinger, E.: What is Life? The physical aspect of the living cell. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 1944.

Kleidon, A.

2007-08-01

310

Folklore and food habits.  

PubMed

The folklore surrounding food habits developed from uncertainty and fear in mankind's quest for food. In an attempt to gain control of his destiny, man developed various magical practices which would perhaps assure an abundance of food. The practice and beliefs did not develop haphazardly, but, on examination, reveal a type of "folk logic" explained by Sir James Frazer's concepts of contagious and homeopathic magic. The "logic" was extended to specific practices in preparing foods, eating of foods on special days, the use of food in curing certain diseases, and forbidding foods at certain times. The folk were attempting to coordinate the phenomena of their world according to cause and effect much the same as modern Americans coordinate their world. However, the basic assuptions were different. PMID:1254878

Shifflett, P A

1976-04-01

311

Building Neural Representations of Habits  

Microsoft Academic Search

Memories for habits and skills (òimplicit or procedural memoryó) and memories for facts (òexplicit or episodic memoryó) are built up in different brain systems and are vulnerable to different neurodegenerative disorders in humans. So that the striatum-based mechanisms underlying habit formation could be studied, chronic recordings from ensembles of striatal neurons were made with multiple tetrodes as rats learned a

M. S. Jog; Y. Kubota; C. I. Connolly; V. Hillegaart; A. M. Graybiel

1999-01-01

312

Learning How to Change Habits  

MedlinePLUS

A lot of your diabetes care is up to you. You may have already changed some habits to take better care of yourself. Perhaps you exercise ... goals. Changing Habits: Getting Started Think about your diabetes care. Then fill in your answers. What’s my goal? ______________________ ______________________ ...

313

Leisure Skills Instruction for Adolescents with Severe or Profound Developmental Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This investigation (a multiple probe design across behaviors) analyzed the effectiveness of a constant time delay procedure in teaching leisure skills to adolescents with severe or profound developmental disabilities. Data collected on specific dependent variables indicated increases in participants' approaches toward available leisure materials, choices made, appropriate use of leisure materials, and duration of sustained attention to leisure activities as

Maureen E. Wall; David L. Gast; Pamela A. Royston

1999-01-01

314

Predicting Substance Use Behavior among South African Adolescents: The Role of Leisure Experiences across Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using seven waves of data, collected twice a year from the 8th through the 11th grades in a low-resource community in Cape Town, South Africa, we aimed to describe the developmental trends in three specific leisure experiences (leisure boredom, new leisure interests, and healthy leisure) and substance use (cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana)…

Sharp, Erin Hiley; Coffman, Donna L.; Caldwell, Linda L.; Smith, Edward A.; Wegner, Lisa; Vergnani, Tania; Mathews, Catherine

2011-01-01

315

The leisure society II: the era of critique, 1980–2011  

Microsoft Academic Search

The “leisure society thesis” was developed primarily in the 1960s and 1970s and a recent paper in the World Leisure Journal summarised the relevant literature from that period and analysed contemporary recollections of it (Veal, 2011). This paper follows the story of the leisure society thesis since 1980. Set against the background of discussions of work and leisure in periods

A. J. Veal

2012-01-01

316

Benefits of volunteering as campus tour guides: the rewards of serious leisure revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the benefits received by university students who volunteered as campus tour guides in their leisure time. Past leisure research on the benefits of volunteering mainly adopted the serious leisure framework. Although most studies supported the framework, others extended or refined it, indicating the potential for improvement. Volunteering can be a beneficial leisure activity for university students, but

Xinyi Lisa Qian; Careen Yarnal

2010-01-01

317

Leisure Boredom and High School Dropout in Cape Town, South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This prospective cohort study investigated whether leisure boredom predicts high school dropout. Leisure boredom is the perception that leisure experiences do not satisfy the need for optimal arousal. Participants completed a self-report questionnaire which included the Leisure Boredom Scale. The original cohort of grade 8 students (n=303) was…

Wegner, Lisa; Flisher, Alan J.; Chikobvu, Perpetual; Lombard, Carl; King, Gary

2008-01-01

318

The Coming Separation of Leisure Studies from Parks and Recreation Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present connection between parks and recreation education and leisure studies inhibits the training of practitioners for leisure delivery systems as well as the accumulation of knowledge about leisure behavior. Therefore, leisure studies should not be housed with college level programs in parks and recreation education. (Author/MT)

Burdge, Rabel J.

1985-01-01

319

Functions of Leisure and Recreational Activities Within a Sexual Assault Cycle: A Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little is known regarding how what normally might be considered positive leisure and recreation activities, may actually contribute to criminal behavior, and specifically to repeated sexual offending. Leisure and recreation are often thought to bring various physical, psychosocial, and cultural benefits to those who participate. Nevertheless, leisure as it relates to crime, in general, is often conceptualized as deviant leisure,

D. J. Williams

2005-01-01

320

Selected Social Gerontology Theories and Older Adult Leisure Involvement: A Review of the Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

Selected studies conducted by leisure researchers about the leisure involvement of older adults are reviewed and implications are drawn for readers concerned with aging and leisure. To set the tone, the activity and disengagement theories of aging are discussed within the overall conceptual framework ofrole theory. The range of contributions found in recent leisure literature related to aging and activity

Christine Z. Howe

1987-01-01

321

LEISURE-TIME ACTIVITY-INTERESTS OF TEENAGE YOUTH IN THE WASHINGTON METROPOLITAN AREA.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|THE LEISURE ACTIVITIES OF YOUTH WERE INVENTORIED IN AN EFFORT TO DETERMINE HOW GOALS AND VALUES WERE FORMED AND CHOICES MADE REGARDING LEISURE ACTIVITIES. THE OBJECTIVES WERE TO ASSEMBLE DATA CONCERNING LEISURE ACTIVITIES OF YOUTH AND TO ASCERTAIN ACTIVITIES AND INTERESTS. A BRIEF QUESTIONNAIRE ON LEISURE ACTIVITIES WAS ADMINISTERED TO NEARLY ALL…

HOFFSOMMER, HAROLD; AND OTHERS

322

Leisure, recreation, and play from a developmental context.  

PubMed

Participation in activities and experiences defined as play, recreation,and leisure has important developmental implications for youth. Elements and characteristics of leisure experiences contribute directly to the development of identity, autonomy, competence,initiative, civic duty, and social connections. Whether in informal or formal, appropriately structured and organized programs,leisure experiences can help facilitate adolescent development in these areas. For example, one of the defining elements of leisure is that it is characterized by free choice and self-determination. Programs that promote leadership, choice, autonomy, and initiative can help adolescents deal with developmental challenges associated with this age group. Leisure experiences can also promote civic engagement and provide important peer-to-peer, peer to-adult, and peer-to-community connections. The social context of leisure is important to adolescent development in that it provides opportunities to learn empathy, loyalty, and intimacy in their group activities, as well as to negotiate with peers, resolve conflict,and work together for communal goals. In addition, adolescents often report positive emotional experiences in leisure, which can serve as a relief from the stress they feel in other areas of their lives and contribute to positive psychological adjustment and well-being. A case study is used to show how planned, purposive programs can be used as critical components of efforts to contribute to adolescent development. PMID:21786407

Caldwell, Linda L; Witt, Peter A

2011-01-01

323

Gender Roles in Children's Literature: A Review of Non-Award-Winning “Easy-to-Read” Books  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study replicates the work of Crabb and Bielawski (1994), who analyzed gender differences in character representation found in Caldecott award-winning children's literature, in relation to the utilization of production, household, and leisure artifacts. This study examines non-award-winning “easy-to-read” books. The data showed that both female and male characters are most likely to be pictured in a leisure activity. Otherwise,

Renae Poarch; Elizabeth Monk-Turner

2001-01-01

324

Background Knowledge and the Magazine Reading Students Choose  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Can students read difficult but self-selected texts--and if so, how? In this article we describe what we learned about middle school students' use of background knowledge and specific vocabulary from interviews and surveys in our longitudinal study of magazine reading habits. Then we discuss the implications of these findings for structuring…

Gabriel, Rachael; Allington, Richard; Billen, Monica

2012-01-01

325

Reading Reflections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Reading reflections are designed to encourage students to complete readings before coming to class, to reflect more deeply on the content of the reading, to make personal meaning from the meaning, and to develop their metacognitive skills for lifelong learning. The reflections consist of three questions: (1) What is the main point of the reading?, (2) What information did you find surprising? Why?, and (3) What did you find confusing? Why? Students submit short responses to two of three questions prior to coming to class. Metacognitive components of the activity Reading reflections address many elements of metacognition, including knowledge, control, and reflection. Reading reflections are designed to help students develop knowledge about themselves as learners, learning tasks (reading), prior knowledge, content, self-monitoring, self-assessment, and reflection. Metacognitive goals The primary goals of this activity are to help students develop their skills of self-assessment, and to reflect more deeply on the content of their reading assignments. Reflective thinking is an essential element of expert learners, so this activity helps students develop skills as intentional learners for lifelong learning. Assessing students' metacognition Reading reflections (n = 35 in a typical semester) count for approximately 10% of the course grade. I do not grade these reflections, but give students credit if they are turned in on time (before class) and if they clearly demonstrate significant reflection.

Wirth, Karl

326

Bowel Habits After Bariatric Surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Disordered bowel habits might influence quality of life after bariatric surgery. Different types of bariatric operations—gastric\\u000a banding (AGB), Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), or biliopancreatic diversion (BPD)—might alter bowel habits as a consequence\\u000a of the surgical procedure used. Whether change in bowel habits affects quality of life after AGB, RYGB, or BPD differently\\u000a is unknown.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  The study group contained 290 severely

Natascha Potoczna; Susanne Harfmann; Rudolf Steffen; Ruth Briggs; Norman Bieri; Fritz F. Horber

2008-01-01

327

Expanding Reading Interest, Response, Achievement; Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the North Carolina Council of the International Reading Association (7th, Greensboro, North Carolina, March 13-14, 1975).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This volume presents papers given at the Seventh Annual Conference on Reading of the North Carolina Council of the International Reading Association. General-session addresses include "Reading: The Fassport to the 80s" by Lewis C. Dowdy, "Developing the Habit of Reading Success" by William K. Durr, "Neither Simple-Minded nor Muddle-Headed Be" by…

Culyer, Richard C., III, Ed.

328

Leisure and Relationship to Quality-of-Life Satisfaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The quality of a person’s life is often said to be influenced directly or indirectly by a number of actors. Among these, for\\u000a example, include a person’s health, their employment, their friends and family, and their leisure. But what exactly is meant\\u000a by the term leisure? This chapter focuses on understanding the relationship between the three most common meanings of

Ariel Rodríguez

329

Physical activity during leisure and commuting in Tianjin, China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To investigate physical activity during leisure time and commuting among persons aged 15-69 years in the urban population of Tianjin, China, and to assess its associations with demographic and health-related characteristics. Methods In 1996 a cross-sectional survey of 2002 males and 1974 females provided information on physical activity during leisure time and commuting and on demographics and health behaviours.

Gang Hu; Heikki Pekkarinen; Osmo Hanninen; Zhijie Yu; Huiguang Tian; Zeyu Guo; Aulikki Nissinen

2002-01-01

330

Against Readings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Edmundson states that if he could make one wish for the members of his profession, college and university professors of literature, he would wish that for one year, two, three, or five, they would give up readings. By "a reading," he means the application of an analytical vocabulary to describe and (usually) to judge a work of literary art.…

Edmundson, Mark

2009-01-01

331

Reading Aloud  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many resources are available to elementary teachers who wish to support science learning with literature. Unfortunately, somewhere between middle school and high school, the emphasis on using literature to teach science content--particularly the exercise of reading aloud--has all but disappeared. However, the practice of reading aloud is helpful…

Delo, Lynda

2008-01-01

332

Slow Reading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the early elementary years, teachers generally pay attention to the act of reading--to the appropriate skill level and pace. But as students move on in the educational system and get to an age when teachers expect them to read on their own, the author suspects teachers pay less and less attention to this problem of pace. When they push…

Newkirk, Thomas

2011-01-01

333

Reading Activities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Here are some ideas for promoting reading at home. These ideas are geared mostly for teachers of K-2 students. Engage the family during a family trip. Have them keep a journal using the following lesson plan: family journal Remember to match the book to the journal prompt. Each family will have the opportunity to read the same book. Be ...

Hedden, Ms.

2005-06-23

334

Reading Remixed  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Critics claim that digital technologies are killing reading, but these teacher-librarians have observed that teens are as excited about reading as they ever were. Online communities give these readers opportunities to get to know authors, communicate with other fans, and learn more about books of interest. Publishers and authors are responding to…

Valenza, Joyce Kasman; Stephens, Wendy

2012-01-01

335

Reading Lab.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is intended for use in conducting a reading lab for a broad group of workers ranging from nonreaders to persons reading at a fifth-grade level. Presented first is a course overview that includes the following: information on the course's targeted population, student selection process, and demographics; strategies for adult remediation;…

Burt, Lorna

336

Leisure activities, caregiving demands and catecholamine levels in dementia caregivers.  

PubMed

This study examined whether satisfaction from leisure activities moderates the relationship between caregiving demands (i.e., hours per day spent caring for a spouse with dementia) and resting levels of the catecholamines norepinephrine (NE) and epinephrine (EPI). Spousal caregivers (n?=?107; mean age?=?73.95?±?8.12 years) were assessed in home for plasma levels of NE and EPI, amount of care provided, and leisure satisfaction. Regression was used to determine whether leisure satisfaction moderated the relationship between hours providing care per day and catecholamine levels. A significant interaction was found between hours caregiving and leisure satisfaction for NE, but not for EPI. Post hoc regressions were conducted for both NE and EPI. At low leisure satisfaction, time spent caring for a spouse was positively associated with plasma NE (??=?0.41; p?=?0.005) and EPI (??=?0.44; p?=?0.003). In contrast, at high levels of satisfaction, time caregiving was not significantly associated with plasma NE (??=?-0.08; p?=?0.57) or EPI (??=?0.23; p?=?0.12). These findings suggest that leisure satisfaction may protect caregivers from increases in catecholamines, which have been implicated in cardiovascular risk. Further support for these findings may impact psychological treatments for distressed caregivers. PMID:22149759

Chattillion, Elizabeth A; Mausbach, Brent T; Roepke, Susan K; von Känel, Roland; Mills, Paul J; Dimsdale, Joel E; Allison, Matthew; Ziegler, Michael G; Patterson, Thomas L; Ancoli-Israel, Sonia; Grant, Igor

2011-12-12

337

Managing away bad habits.  

PubMed

We've all worked with highly competent people who are held back by a seemingly fatal personality flaw. One person takes on too much work; another sees the downside in every proposed change; a third pushes people out of the way. At best, people with these "bad habits" create their own glass ceilings, which limit their success and their contributions to the company. At worst, they destroy their own careers. Although the psychological flaws of such individuals run deep, their managers are not helpless. In this article, James Waldroop and Timothy Butler--both psychologists--examine the root causes of these flaws and suggest concrete tactics they have used to help people recognize and correct the following six behavior patterns: The hero, who always pushes himself--and subordinates--too hard to do too much for too long. The meritocrat, who believes that the best ideas can and will be determined objectively and ignores the politics inherent in most situations. The bulldozer, who runs roughshod over others in a quest for power. The pessimist, who always worries about what could go wrong. The rebel, who automatically fights against authority and convention. And the home run hitter, who tries to do too much too soon--he swings for the fences before he's learned to hit singles. Helping people break through their self-created glass ceilings is the ultimate win-win scenario: both the individual and the organization are rewarded. Using the tactics introduced in this article, managers can help their brilliantly flawed performers become spectacular achievers. PMID:11143157

Waldroop, J; Butler, T

338

Are screen-based sedentary behaviors longitudinally associated with dietary behaviors and leisure-time physical activity in the transition into adolescence?  

PubMed Central

Background There is a need for more longitudinal studies investigating the associations between screen-based sedentary behaviors (SB), dietary behaviors and leisure-time physical activity (PA). Methods In the HEIA cohort study, 908 children were followed from age 11 to age 13 (September 2007 – May 2009). The children self-reported their intake of fruits, vegetables, soft drinks with sugar and snacks. TV/DVD use, computer/game use and leisure-time PA were also self-reported. Multilevel generalized linear mixed model analysis was used to assess longitudinal associations between the screen-based SB and each of the two other behaviors. Results Twenty-month changes in TV/DVD use and computer/game use were positively associated with changes in the consumption of soft drinks with sugar and unhealthy snacks in the same period; and inversely associated with change in vegetable consumption. Change in computer/game use was also inversely related to change in fruit consumption. An inverse but non-substantive association was found between change in TV/DVD use and change in leisure-time PA. Change in computer/game use was not significantly associated with change in leisure-time PA. Conclusions Changes in screen-based SB were associated with multiple unfavorable changes in dietary habits, although the associations were weak. These associations need to be further investigated in intervention/experimental studies, to assess whether changing screen-based SB will result in clinically relevant changes in dietary behaviors. However, the findings of this study suggest that screen-based SB and leisure-time PA are largely independent behaviors which should be addressed separately in health promotion activities.

2013-01-01

339

A Look at Tokyo Youth at Leisure: Towards the Design of New Media to Support Leisure Outings  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present a set of studies designed to explore Japanese young people’s practices around leisure outings (how\\u000a they are discovered, planned, coordinated, and conducted), and the resources they use to support these practices. Tokyo youth\\u000a have a wealth of leisure opportunities and tools to choose from; they are technologically savvy, and are in the vanguard of\\u000a those

Diane J. Schiano; Ame Elliott; Victoria Bellotti

2007-01-01

340

The role of secondary school libraries in the promotion of reading  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three UK secondary school libraries were investigated to assess the impact of promotional strategies on children's reading and to identify children's reading habits, preferences and how they choose what to read. A case study approach was adopted, involving the collection of library documentation, semi?structured interviews with librarians, Heads of English, Headteachers and questionnaires distributed to Year 7 and 9 pupils,

Penny Bates

2000-01-01

341

Listening to Their Voices: What and Why Are Rural Teen Males Reading?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The primary purpose of the study was to examine the reading habits, preferences and motivation for reading from a representative sample of high school males in rural North Carolina. Much research gives voice to what elementary students are reading, but less has been done with adolescents, one of the hardest demographics for librarians and…

Boltz, Robin Henson

2010-01-01

342

Explaining Individual Differences in Reading: on the orthographic component of word recognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article first presents a conception of word recognition involving both phonological and orthographic processes. Three different explanations about the origin of orthographic processes in word recognition are then discussed. These explanations are: (1) differences in orthographic memory, (2) differences in phonological processes and (3) differences in leisure time reading. In accord with the third explanation, it is argued that

Ivar Bråten; Alfred Lie; Rune Andreassen

1998-01-01

343

On Reading and Not Reading Today: A Commentary on L. Borusiak's Article  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this commentary, the author stresses that reading habits in Russia have changed since the Soviet era, and the more intellectual journals and magazines in particular have lost their importance. Audiences for books and magazines have fragmented, and there are fewer sources of commonly shared information and ideas than was true a few decades ago.…

Dubin, Boris

2012-01-01

344

Methods for the Development of Shipboard Habitability Design Criteria. Bibliography on Habitability with Abstracts.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The bibliography on habitability was developed as part of a research project on 'Methods for the Development of Shipboard Habitability Design Criteria.' The bibliography attempts to surveys the methodology and results of habitability research with a parti...

S. Hassid C. McArt H. Blasdel

1973-01-01

345

Reading comprehension by people with chronic aphasia: A comparison of three levels of visuographic contextual support  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: People with aphasia often have concomitant reading comprehension deficits that interfere with their full participation in leisure and social activities involving written text comprehension.Aims: The purpose of this investigation was to explore the impact of three levels of visuographic support—(a) high?context photographs, (b) low?context photographs, and (c) no photographs—on the reading comprehension of narratives by people with chronic aphasia.Methods

Aimee Dietz; Karen Hux; Miechelle L. McKelvey; David R. Beukelman; Kristy Weissling

2009-01-01

346

A Labor/Leisure Tradeoff in Cognitive Control.  

PubMed

Daily life frequently offers a choice between activities that are profitable but mentally demanding (cognitive labor) and activities that are undemanding but also unproductive (cognitive leisure). Although such decisions are often implicit, they help determine academic performance, career trajectories, and even health outcomes. Previous research has shed light both on the executive control functions that ultimately define cognitive labor and on a "default mode" of brain function that accompanies cognitive leisure. However, little is known about how labor/leisure decisions are actually made. Here, we identify a central principle guiding such decisions. Results from 3 economic-choice experiments indicate that the motivation underlying cognitive labor/leisure decision making is to strike an optimal balance between income and leisure, as given by a joint utility function. The results reported establish a new connection between microeconomics and research on executive function. They also suggest a new interpretation of so-called ego-depletion effects and a potential new approach to such phenomena as mind wandering and self-control failure. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:23230991

Kool, Wouter; Botvinick, Matthew

2012-12-10

347

Mid-Nineteenth Century Americans at Leisure: Wood Engravings of Winslow Homer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The wood engravings of Winslow Homer not only provide aesthetic pleasure but also offer educators and leisure specialists a unique opportunity to view leisure activities of mid-nineteenth-century Americans. (MT)|

English, Eleanor B.; English, Joseph C.

1985-01-01

348

Leisure Activities in Adolescents as a Predictor of Occupational Choice in Young Adults: A Longitudinal Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Forty-eight Israelis who had completed a leisure activities inventory in high school completed an inventory of adult accomplishments 18 years later. For 38.6% of the subjects, adolescent leisure activities were related to adult occupation. (SK)

Hong, Eunsook; And Others

1993-01-01

349

Leisure noise exposure in adolescents and young adults  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many efforts have been made in recent times to combat occupational noise exposure, and noise preventive measures in many industries seem promising. Less positive, however, are noise exposure situations during leisure time activities. New noisy leisure activities are cropping up, and sound levels appear to have increased over the years. There is thus reason for concern over such noisy activities as listening to ``walkman'' devices, pop/rock concerts and car stereos, and being present at motor sports and shooting activities. Luckily, however, there seem not to be many reported cases of noise-induced hearing loss which can be clearly related to such leisure activities. In addition, recent animal experiments have shown that there is a possibility that the ear can be trained toward increased noise resistance. Nevertheless, general attitudes should be in favor of lowering the sound levels now found in connection with these activities.

Axelsson, A.

1991-12-01

350

Recreate or Create? Leisure as an Arena for Recovery and Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a While passive leisure is experienced as pleasant and serves as an important route to recovery, active leisure has a distinct\\u000a phenomenology and a different function. Active leisure is first and foremost a motivator for creating changes and developing\\u000a potentials. The chapter investigates links between leisure and well-being, and is particularly concerned with the issue of\\u000a whether development of skills and

Joar Vittersø

351

The dark side of leisure: obsessive passion and its covariates and outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present paper challenges the notion that engagement in leisure activities is exclusively conducive to well?being. By applying the Dualistic Model of Passion in a leisure context on 467 participants, the measurement of obsessive passion for a leisure activity was related to indicators of ill?being and unrelated to general well?being. In Study 1, obsessive passion for a leisure activity was

Frode Stenseng; Jostein Rise; Pål Kraft

2011-01-01

352

AN ASSESSMENT OF THE STUDY HABITS AND SKILLS OF STUDENTS IN POSTSECONDARY SCIENCE COURSES  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the study habits and skills of subjects taking basic science courses at a two year, postsecondary institution. The instrument used was the Study Behavior Inventory. This 46?item Inventory addressed these issues: general study attitudes and behavior, reading and note?taking techniques, and coping with examinations. The data suggest that the subjects had difficulty with time management and keeping

David J. Kuhn

1988-01-01

353

Sex-Typing of Leisure Activities: A Test of Two Theories  

Microsoft Academic Search

Leisure activities are considered here as a suhset of consump- tion, and we are interested in the relationship hetween gender schema and leisure activities. In order to test rival predictions about gender schema, sex-typing of leisure activities is related to two individual difference measures: gender personality (Bem 1981) and gender-role attitudes (Spence 1984). 271 subjects were given a list of

George M. Zinkhan; Penelope J. Prenshaw; Angeline Grace

2004-01-01

354

Making the Connection between Leisure and At-Risk Youth in Today's Society.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The sociology of leisure provides a rich and long-standing research tradition in deviant leisure activity. Leisure and recreation experiences are the product, not of a single system, but of the interaction among systems, none of which separately seems to effectively treat the family and its members. The need for recreational group activities is…

Calloway, James

355

Virtual Reality as a Leisure Activity for Young Adults with Physical and Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Participation in leisure activities is a fundamental human right and an important factor of quality of life. Adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) and physical disabilities often experience limited opportunities to participate in leisure activities, virtual reality (VR) technologies may serve to broaden their repertoire of accessible leisure

Yalon-Chamovitz, Shira; Weiss, Patrice L.

2008-01-01

356

Determinants of Active Leisure for Women with Young Children—an “Ethic of Care” Prevails  

Microsoft Academic Search

Women are significantly less likely than men to participate in physically active leisure. Women with children are less likely to participate in active leisure compared with women who do not have children. Social pressure to fulfil the role of being a good mother has been suggested in discussions regarding constraints to physical activity as has the use of leisure engagement

Yvette D. Miller; Wendy J. Brown

2005-01-01

357

Expressions of Generativity through Family Leisure: Experiences of Grandparents and Adult Grandchildren  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to understand the expression of generativity among grandparents and their adult grandchildren through their experiences of family leisure. Fourteen dyads of grandparents and adult grandchildren were interviewed about their experience of family leisure. The findings illustrate the important role that family leisure

Hebblethwaite, Shannon; Norris, Joan

2011-01-01

358

Changes in Leisure Styles and Satisfaction of Older People: A Five Years Follow-Up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study examines the leisure style and leisure satisfaction of a sample of older people at baseline and after a period of 5 years. Three groups were identified by factorial and cluster analyses and labelled under the headings of: Organised Style, Surrounding Style and Indoor Style. Each group represented a different typology of leisure,…

Gagliardi, Cristina; Spazzafumo, Liana; Papa, Roberta; Marcellini, Fiorella

2012-01-01

359

All work and no play: A focus on leisure time as a means for promoting health  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a study of 294 participants the relationship between attitude to leisure time and engagement in leisure activities and psychological and physical health was investigated Using questionnaire methods a consistent and significant relationship was found in that individuals with more positive attitudes towards and engagement in leisure activities experienced less general psychological distress, anxiety, depression, and hostility. They also experienced

Tony Cassidy

1996-01-01

360

Measuring Trends in Leisure: The Allocation of Time over Five Decades  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we use five decades of time-use surveys to document trends in the allocation of time within the United States. We find that a dramatic increase in leisure time lies behind the relatively stable number of market hours worked between 1965 and 2003. Specifically, using a variety of definitions for leisure, we show that leisure for men increased

Mark Aguiar; Erik Hurst

2007-01-01

361

Research on education model using the leisure sports in ordinal college and universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Analyzing sports leisure affect factors, it is shown that leisure direction is one of the important references to guide sports education in college. The mode is according to the value mainline to analyze sports educational mode in college, to put forward ordinary sports educational context for university in our country and to introduce selective analysis mode for treponemata on leisure

Yan Wang

2010-01-01

362

Role Overload, Job Satisfaction, Leisure Satisfaction, and Psychological Health among Employed Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Role overload, job satisfaction, leisure satisfaction, and psychological health were measured for 155 women who were employed full time. Role overload was negatively correlated with psychological health, job satisfaction, and leisure satisfaction. Job satisfaction and leisure satisfaction were positively correlated with psychological health.…

Pearson, Quinn M.

2008-01-01

363

Leisure and Identity Management in Later Life: Understanding Competitive Sport Participation Among Older Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aging of the population and recognition that sport and leisure are central components of satisfaction in later life has implications for research into the experience of physically active leisure pursuits. It has been argued that participation in meaningful leisure pursuits can contribute to development and identity construction in later life, however, empirical evidence is lacking. Furthermore, quantitative studies have

Rylee Dionigi

2002-01-01

364

Virtual reality as a leisure activity for young adults with physical and intellectual disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Participation in leisure activities is a fundamental human right and an important factor of quality of life. Adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) and physical disabilities often experience limited opportunities to participate in leisure activities, virtual reality (VR) technologies may serve to broaden their repertoire of accessible leisure activities. Although the use of VR in rehabilitation has grown over the past

Shira Yalon-Chamovitz

2008-01-01

365

Virtual Reality as a Leisure Activity for Young Adults with Physical and Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Participation in leisure activities is a fundamental human right and an important factor of quality of life. Adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) and physical disabilities often experience limited opportunities to participate in leisure activities, virtual reality (VR) technologies may serve to broaden their repertoire of accessible leisure

Yalon-Chamovitz, Shira; Weiss, Patrice L.

2008-01-01

366

From Friday to Sunday: the hacker ethic and shifting notions of labour, leisure and intellectual property  

Microsoft Academic Search

Leisure studies scholars have theorised how the Web is changing leisure experiences, and this essay continues that work by discussing the Web and shifting notions of leisure, labour and intellectual property. Much online activity is described under the umbrella term of ‘piracy’. By discussing online cultural production in terms of what Pekka Himanen calls the hacker ethic, we can rethink

James J. Brown Jr

2008-01-01

367

Media images of women and leisure: an analysis of magazine advertisements, 1964–87  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the media portrayal of women's leisure in order to understand influences on women's access to, and experience of, leisure. Leisure advertisements in two women's magazines were examined over a 24-year period using content analysis. One magazine aimed at adult women, and its partner publication aimed at young women, were selected. Over the 24-year period, socializing was strongly

Patricia A. Bolla

1990-01-01

368

The commodification of leisure: The case of the model airplane hobby and industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects of capitalist production on a leisure activity. It demonstrates that as commodities produced for exchange become the predominant objects used in a leisure activity, the leisure activity itself is reshaped. A case study of the model airplane hobby and industry illuminates this process. The history of the hobby is one

Richard Butsch

1984-01-01

369

Career Education Program: Geneva Area City Schools. [Grade 9 Unit: Leisure Work].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The curriculum unit was used in a two-week pilot program on leisure industries. The class met five periods per week for forty minutes per period. Behavioral objectives specify that students will be able: (1) to define leisure, vacation, rest, relaxation, avocation, secondary career, service industry, and leisure or recreation industry; (2) to…

Geneva Area City Schools, OH.

370

Gender Role Self-Concept and Leisure Activities of Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study investigated the relevance of gender role self-concept to leisure activities of female and male adolescents.\\u000a A sample of 310 Austrian adolescents (14 to 16 years old) participated in the study. Gender role self-concept was measured\\u000a based upon a multi-dimensional conceptualization that includes positive and negative self-descriptions. Gender role self-concept\\u000a significantly predicted female-typed and male-typed leisure activities in

Ursula Athenstaedt; Gerold Mikula; Cornelia Bredt

2009-01-01

371

Generic Habit-Training Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

For years parents and other care providers have been bringing children with autistic characteristics to the toilet, sitting them down hour after hour, only to find that nothing is accomplished. The following outlines one method of habit training, known are the “challenge” method because the parent or care provider picks one optimum time and challenges the child to urinate in

Mike Wilson

1995-01-01

372

Diurnal Habitability of Frozen Worlds  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work we discuss effects allowing local habitability of some extraterrestrial planets of low average surface temperatures. We analyze the problem of diurnal and seasonal changes of temperature and biological productivity at different locations on a hypothetical Earth-like planet. We have found, that under some circumstances the temperature may locally rise well above the average value, allowing periods of enhanced biological activity. In this way, bioproductivity can become periodically possible on a planet that has an average temperature clearly below 0°C. Such thermal conditions are encountered on Mars (Smith et al. in Science 306:1750-1753, 2004) generally considered as inhabitable. In reality, an appropriate temperature is not sufficient for habitability. The presence of liquid water at the considered location is also necessary. We discuss how temperature oscillations affect habitability in the framework of a conceptual model. We find that the considered effect of diurnal and seasonal temperature oscillations can extend the outer boundary of the habitable zone up to 2 AU, while global average temperatures are below 0°C for heliocentric distances R h > 1.12 AU (dry atmosphere, low CO2 pressure), or R h > 1.66 AU (humid atmosphere, high CO2 pressure).

von Bloh, W.; Kossacki, K. J.; Franck, S.; Bounama, C.

2010-01-01

373

Tidal Limits to Planetary Habitability  

Microsoft Academic Search

The habitable zones (HZs) of main-sequence stars have traditionally been defined as the range of orbits that intercept the appropriate amount of stellar flux to permit surface water on a planet. Terrestrial exoplanets discovered to orbit M stars in these zones, which are close-in due to decreased stellar luminosity, may also undergo significant tidal heating. Tidal heating may span a

Rory Barnes; Brian Jackson; Richard Greenberg; Sean N. Raymond

2009-01-01

374

Evolution of a habitable planet  

Microsoft Academic Search

Earth has remained habitable, and inhabited, over most of its 4.5-Gyr history despite an appreciable (30%) increase in solar luminosity over time and despite catastrophic events such as asteroid impacts and ``Snowball Earth'' episodes that have threatened biological survival on a global scale. Life has survived partly because of the resilience of the biota and partly because of feedback mechanisms

James Kasting

2006-01-01

375

Metacognition, Study Habits and Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study is conducted to investigate the relationship between fifth grade students' metacognition levels, and their study habits and attitudes. Participants of the study consist of 221 students, 125 female and 96 male, enrolling to six public primary schools in Turkey. The results revealed that there is a medium positive relationship between…

Ozsoy, Gokhan; Memis, Aysel; Temur, Turan

2009-01-01

376

Habits of the Toad, Ceratophrys  

Microsoft Academic Search

A MISHAP which throws additional light on the voracious habits of the South American toad Ceratophrys deserves to be put on record. Four of these creatures were received here at the end of June and at the same time two small alligators. When they came, only one vivarium was ready for use, and for a week the toads and alligators

C. W. Parsons

1932-01-01

377

Space Station Group Activities Habitability Module Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study explores and analyzes architectural design approaches for the interior of the Space Station Habitability Module (originally defined as Habitability Module 1 in Space Station Reference Configuration Decription, JSC-19989, August 1984). In the Re...

D. Nixon

1986-01-01

378

Reading Mathematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Two processes involved in reading mathematics are discussed in this document: eye movements and relating the mathematical idea to the appropriate word or symbol. Many kinds of eye movements are used in mathematics--around, top-to-bottom, bottom-to-top, diagonal, backward and forward, and follow the arrow. Examples of each kind are presented. The…

Georgia State Dept. of Education, Atlanta. Office of Instructional Services.

379

Reading performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Television's potential effect on children's reading performance has become an issue of concern among educators. The estimate that by the end of the high school years, children will have spent more time watching television than attending school is frequently quoted and has both alarmed and intrigued researchers. Such a ubiquitous phenomenon as television is presumed to have effects on the

Susan B. Neuman

1984-01-01

380

Reading Together.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a first-year English-as-foreign-language junior college reading course in Japan that utilized a combination of whole class instruction and cooperative learning techniques to encourage group discussion and language skill development. Students were randomly divided into groups of eight--a group which became the students' home…

Thornton, Patricia

381

Online Consumer Retention: Development of New Habits  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prior research on online behaviour continuance modeled satisfaction and perceived usefulness as the only determinants of continued adoption, overlooking the important role of habit. We therefore extend the previous models to include online shopping habit as a moderator of the relationship between online shopping satisfaction and online repurchase intention. Most prior studies conceptualized habit as experience, providing little evidence on

Mohamed Khalifa; Vanessa Liu

2005-01-01

382

Experiences of habit formation: A qualitative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Habit formation is an important goal for behaviour change interventions because habitual behaviours are elicited automatically and are therefore likely to be maintained. This study documented experiences of habit development in 10 participants enrolled on a weight loss intervention explicitly based on habit-formation principles. Thematic analysis revealed three themes: Strategies used to support initial engagement in a novel behaviour; development

Phillippa Lally; Jane Wardle; Benjamin Gardner

2011-01-01

383

Dynamical Habitability of Known Extrasolar Planetary Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Habitability is usually defined as the requirement for a terrestrial planet's atmosphere to sustain liquid water. This definition can be complemented by the dynamical requirement that other planets in the system do not gravitationally perturb terrestrial planets outside of their habitable zone, the orbital region allowing the existence of liquid water. We quantify the dynamical habitability of 85 known extrasolar

Kristen Menou; Serge Tabachnik

2003-01-01

384

Recovery Under the Implied Warranty of Habitability  

Microsoft Academic Search

The New York State legislature codified the implied warranty of habitability for residential leases in Real Property Law section 235-b, but failed to specify remedies for breach. This Note examines the development of the implied warranty of habitability as a basis for expanding a landlord's liability for failure to provide habitable premises and discusses problems relating to recovery for breach

Francis S. LAbbate

1982-01-01

385

University Students' Media Habits: A Lithuanian Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study replicated a 1994 study, "College Students' Media Habits: A National Study." In the present study, Lithuanian university students' media habits relative to American students' media habits were gauged. A total of 1500 survey questionnaires were distributed to 7 of the 16 Lithuanian universities. Background biographical questions were…

Kamalipour, Yahya R.; And Others

386

Habitability and Habitable Zone in Multiple Star Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the course of its successful operation, in addition to detecting more than 3000 planets and planetary candidates, the Kepler space telescope has identified over 2000 binary stars as well as numerous multiple stars systems, especially some with mutual stellar separations of 20 AU and smaller. The discovery of such multi-star systems prompted us to study the possibility of the formation of terrestrial planets in these systems, and explore their habitability. To determine the habitable zone (HZ) in multiple star systems, we have extended our recent methodology for calculating HZ in and around binary stars, to systems with arbitrary numbers of stellar components, and have developed a generalized formalism for calculating the boundaries of the HZ in any planetary system with two or more stars. Our methodology takes into account the stellar energy distribution of each star, which determines the interaction between the radiation received at the location of the planet and the planet’s atmosphere, and accounts for the motion and dynamics of the stellar system and its consequences on the spatial variations of the boundaries of the HZ. In this talk, we present our methodology and discuss its application to several multiple star systems detected by the Kepler. We show how the boundaries of the HZ are determined, and demonstrate their variations as the stars move in their orbits. Combined with the results of the studies of the orbital stability of an Earth-like planet in our multiple star systems, we discuss the habitability of these systems and the prospect of the detection of Earth-like planets in their habitable zones.

Haghighipour, Nader; Mueller, T.

2013-10-01

387

Patterns of leisure participation among adolescents with a mild intellectual disability.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to investigate the leisure and recreational activities of a cohort of 34 students attending a full-time special school as reported by the students and their parents. Leisure activities which were mostly solitary and passive in nature were identified as those being most commonly engaged in. Barriers to leisure were also identified, with 'access to' and 'location of' the leisure facilities being barriers perceived by both students and parents. Data on aspects of leisure use, e.g. enjoyment, participation, assistance required, socialization and choice, were also collected. PMID:15757870

Buttimer, John; Tierney, Edel

2005-03-01

388

Leisure, environment, and the quality of life - Treesearch  

Treesearch

Uncontrolled Keywords: leisure, environment, quality of life, LRT. Description ... It is physical and social, natural and human made. ... Resource Type: Management Plans and Reports. Format ... Country: United States. State: Rights: Public Domain. US Forest Service | Research & Development | Treesearch | NBII Crawl List.

389

Some social psychological determinants of perceptions of leisure: Preliminary evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based upon Neulinger's (1974) theoretical model, the study examined the effects of perceived freedom (low vs. high), motivation (intrinsic vs. extrinsic), and goal (instrumental vs. final) on male and female subjects’ perceptions of leisure. In full support of the model, an analysis of variance revealed that the main effects of perceived freedom, motivation, and goal were statistically highly significant. Specifically,

1979-01-01

390

Public attitudes to countryside leisure: A case study on ambivalence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a research study designed to look critically at the framework underpinning current attitude survey research on countryside leisure. The argument proposes that people do not have set and stable needs and attitudes. Using a framework informed by recent debates on discourse and rhetoric in social psychology, the research examines whether people appear to have, on the surface,

Phil Macnaghten

1995-01-01

391

Training and development in British hospitality, tourism and leisure SMEs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article focuses upon positive examples of hospitality, tourism and leisure small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in the area of training and development. The research reports part of the most detailed study of hospitality-related SMEs ever undertaken in the UK. A total of 89 case studies were completed. Our results indicate that successful organizations adopt an informal approach which is

Olivia Kyriakidou; Leonidas Maroudas

2010-01-01

392

Resources for Renewal: Liberal Education for Work and Leisure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A cooperative project of Warren Wilson College, North Carolina, the College for Human Services, New York, and Merrimack Valley Branch/University of New Hampshire on the topic of leisure and liberal education is described. The project is part of "Change in Liberal Education," a network concerned with the renewal of liberal education. The colleges…

Reagin, Ewell J.

393

Sequence Dance for Lifelong Leisure Activity: An International Experience!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper provides the outline of a session in dance at the annual meeting of the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance. The purpose of the session was to provide an opportunity to celebrate individual differences while learning new skills for lifelong leisure activity through an English dance form known as…

Bennett, John P.

394

Youth Development in After-School Leisure Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Leisure activities that occur outside of the school hours may facilitate positive youth development.The experiences of youth in three categories of activities (basketball and football, other sports, and nonsports) are examined in this study. Based on prior research, it is hypothesized that students participating in basketball and football will…

Wilson, Denise M.; Gottfredson, Denise C.; Cross, Amanda B.; Rorie, Melissa; Connell, Nadine

2010-01-01

395

Breast Cancer-Related Lymphedema: Implications for Family Leisure Participation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An estimated 20% of breast cancer survivors face the chronic condition of breast cancer-related lymphedema. This study explored the ways in which women with this condition experienced changes in their participation in family leisure as one indicator of family functioning. Participants (N = 27) were interviewed regarding lifestyles before and after…

Radina, M. Elise

2009-01-01

396

Leisure Time in Second Life: Cultural Differences and Similarities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyses leisure activities in Cyber worlds such as Virtual Communities (VCs) in the Internet, and how people through their avatars explore this new worlds in search of fun. It makes a cross cultural study between three different cultures represented within a VC in the Internet. The three chosen cultures are Latin American, American and British, and the VC

Lilia Gómez Flores; Martyn Horner

2010-01-01

397

IDENTIFYING LEISURE TRAVEL MARKET SEGMENTS BASED ON PREFERENCE FOR NOVELTY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The motivation and knowledge of travelers affects their choice of destination and selection of activities while on vacation. Understanding motivation is important for all stakeholders in the tourism industry. The search for novelty is one motivating factor when planning leisure trips and vacation activities. A foreign destination offers a form of novelty to the traveler because it can provide experiences

Pamela A. Weaver; Ken W. McCleary; Jiho Han; Phillip E. Blosser

2009-01-01

398

Women Faculty, Higher Education, and the Recreation/Leisure Field  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Women represent growing numbers of faculty members in higher education as well as in recreation/leisure departments. The purpose of this study is to describe the career development of women faculty in recreation-related areas and to offer implications for faculty development and the preparation of future faculty. Data were collected from women…

Henderson, Karla A.; Harrolle, Michelle; Rich, Samantha; Moretz, Janell

2012-01-01

399

Breast Cancer-Related Lymphedema: Implications for Family Leisure Participation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An estimated 20% of breast cancer survivors face the chronic condition of breast cancer-related lymphedema. This study explored the ways in which women with this condition experienced changes in their participation in family leisure as one indicator of family functioning. Participants (N = 27) were interviewed regarding lifestyles before and…

Radina, M. Elise

2009-01-01

400

Leisure, Recreation, and Play from a Developmental Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The terms "play, recreation, and leisure" can evoke thoughts of frivolity, fun, sociability, competition, slothfulness, or idleness. However, there is substantial evidence that what people do in their discretionary or free time has important developmental and health implications. In this article, the authors examine how play, recreation, and…

Caldwell, Linda L.; Witt, Peter A.

2011-01-01

401

Tapping the Leisure Market for College and University Sports Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

College and university sports programs provide major venues for leisure time activities. Facing declining internal budgets, program adminstrators seek to improve financial conditions by increasing external revenues through increased marketing of their sports programs. Effective marketing of these programs is becoming central to their success. For marketing to be truly effective, however, it must be integrated into a larger strategic

Robert E. Stevens; David L. Loudon; Stan Williamson; C. William McConkey

1999-01-01

402

Synchronization of Leisure Conflicts in the Family Schedule.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The model of the family as a set of contingent careers is brought into focus by Wilbert Moore's suggestions that in schedule synchronization the family takes priority in claiming time, the wife-mother asserts such claims and arranges the schedule, and common leisure activities symbolize the solidarity of the unit. The perception of parents of the…

Kelly, John R.

403

Group Size and Leisure Activity Behavior Among Antarctic Volunteers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Questionnaires indicating amount of time spent in each of 20 leisure activities were administered on two occasions, early winter and late winter, to 171 Navy enlisted men and 103 civilian scientists who were assigned to Antarctic stations for one year. St...

R. E. Doll E. K. E. Gunderson

1970-01-01

404

Stress, health and leisure satisfaction: the case of teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Suggests that although stress research has burgeoned in recent years, little attention has been paid to the relationship between leisure satisfaction, work stress and psychological wellbeing. Presents data from secondary school teachers in a major UK city. A validated teacher stress measure comprising role-related, task-based, and environmental stress was used to tap the nature and prevalence of teacher stress. Results

Janice T. S. Ho

1996-01-01

405

Adventure recreation reconceived: Positive forms of deviant leisure  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept of adventure remains deeply rooted in the domain of recreation and leisure. Adventure recreation defined is “a variety of self?initiated activities utilizing an interaction with the natural environment, that contains elements of real or apparent danger in which the outcome, while uncertain, can be influenced by the participant and circumstance” (Ewert, 1989). Miriam?Webster defines adventure as: an undertaking

Shayne Galloway

2006-01-01

406

The times of our lives: women, leisure and postgraduate research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores the interconnections between leisure and postgraduate research in the lives of six women. The author and the text draw the reader into interactions to create meanings as the women tell their stories. The value of this thesis derives from its time perspective — the simultaneous view of the women's everyday lives 'across time' (across each woman's lifetime)

Coralie McCormack

2001-01-01

407

The Effects of Leisure-Based Screen Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Use of television, computers, and video games competes with physical activity and may be a health risk factor. Purpose: This study assessed the relationship between leisure-based screen time and physical activity in families to determine whether assignment to a limited screen time group results in more physical activity. Methods:…

Meier, Mary Dawn; Hager, Ronald L.; Vincent, Susan D.; Tucker, Larry A.; Vincent, William J.

2007-01-01

408

Leisure in the Natural Environment--Past, Prologue and Promise.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This discussion of outdoor leisure includes the following topics: adventure sports; risk taking; program liability for adventure-related injuries; trends in outdoor recreation; outdoor recreation's contribution to environmental attitudes; outdoor/environmental education; the role of cognition, ethics, and direct experience in shaping an…

Ewert, Alan; Priest, Simon

1990-01-01

409

Livable Winter Cities--Leisure Attitudes and Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The nine articles included in this feature emphasize how leisure, recreation, health and physical activities make winter cities more livable. Specific topics include techniques for teaching about cold weather safety and cold related injuries, Arctic Winter Games, and results of a study on winter recreation in large North American communities.…

Neal, Larry; Coles, Roger, Ed.

1989-01-01

410

Space hijacking and the anarcho-politics of leisure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Political scientists, social movement theorists and cultural geographers have made us aware of forms of micro-political resistance that have challenged the privatisation, corporatisation and securitisation of the city. An increasing tactical feature of such resistance has been the deployment of leisure practices and performances to challenge the dominant norms and ideologies governing the use of urban space. This paper focuses

Paul Gilchrist; Neil Ravenscroft

2012-01-01

411

Industry Sector Analysis Mexico: Sports and Leisure-Related Products.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Industry Sector Analyses (I.S.A.) for sports and leisure-related products contains statistical and narrative information on projected market demand, end-users, receptivity of Mexican consumers to U.S. products, the competitive situation - Mexican prod...

1989-01-01

412

Recreation and Leisure Information Systems: Status and Priorities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication documents the initial phase for development of an exchange system for information and data germane to recreation and leisure time. Section I includes proceedings from the National Recreation and Park Literature Retrieval Consultation, wherein retrieval and dissemination, the status of recreation and park information systems, the…

van der Smissen, Betty, Comp.; And Others

413

The Influence of Smes on the Leisure and Tourism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The leisure is a component of standard of living an d quality of life, expresses the level of material and spiritual life, without it can't be held the mu ltilateral development of the human, enforcing reco very functions of the organism, formative and instructiv e - educative, cultural and social. In pre-modern t imes, the free time was located on

Anca Gabriela Turtureanu; Cornelia Elena Tureac; Aurica Grigore

414

The Future of Leisure Studies in Research Universities: Administrators' Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article summarizes the content of a three-day administrative summit held at Zion Ponderosa Resort in southern Utah in late September 2010. Department chairs, heads, and deans representing 13 universities across North America offering leisure studies doctoral degrees, master's degrees, and undergraduate professional preparation degrees…

Dustin, Daniel; Collins, Rachel; Schultz, Jeremy; Browne, Laurie; Schwab, Keri; Rose, Jeff; Timmerman, Danielle; Altschuler, Ben; Jostad, Jeremy; Spencer, Callie; Newman, Jackie; Bricker, Kelly

2012-01-01

415

The meaning of leisure: conceptual differences between Americans ...  

Treesearch

International Institute of Tropical Forestry ... Title: The meaning of leisure: conceptual differences between Americans and ... cultural borders, this study examines the conceptual differences between American and Korean understandings of the term. The results revealed that there is a significant relationship between the ...

416

Yoga, Health and Leisure: Attitudes of Women in Haryana  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports the findings from interviews with 150 women who attended a yoga camp in Rohtak in Haryana State, India. The respondents were questioned about whether attending the yoga camp was for health purposes, and also about the outcomes of this leisure activity. The results show that the women believed that this alternative health care, yoga, benefited them from

Madhu Nagla

2006-01-01

417

Reflecting on disability research in sport and leisure settings  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research note offers a brief discussion of insider research and insider–outsider controversies in disability research. It then focuses on the extent to which researchers of disability in sport and leisure reflect on two important issues in their research findings: their experiences as disabled or non?disabled researchers and conducting inclusive and emancipatory disability research. It suggests that whilst there are

Jessica L. Macbeth

2010-01-01

418

Sharing the Square: Collaborative Leisure in the City Streets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sharing events with others is an important part of many enjoyable experiences. While most existing co-presence systems focus on work tasks, in this paper we describe a lightweight mobile system designed for sharing leisure. This system allows city visitors to share their experiences with others both far and near, through tablet computers that share photographs, voice and location. A collaborative

Barry Brown; Matthew Chalmers; Marek Bell; Ian Maccoll; Malcolm Hall; Paul Rudman

2005-01-01

419

Evaluating a distributed physical leisure game for three players  

Microsoft Academic Search

Physical leisure activities such as table tennis provide healthy exercise and can offer a means to connect with others socially; however, players have to be in the same physical location to play. We have developed a networked table tennis-like game that is played with a real paddle and ball, augmented with a large-scale videoconference. Unlike existing commercial console games that

Florian'Floyd' Mueller; Martin R. Gibbs

2007-01-01

420

Globalization and the Values of Volunteering as Leisure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cultural globalization may be a way to foster the values or volunteering as a leisure experience. Volunteerism may offer one way to bring people together to address the problems of local communities as well as the global village. Defining volunteering is complicated because it is a cultural activity that is conditioned by multiple factors including ethnic traditions, religious beliefs, and

Karla A. Henderson; Jacquelyn Presley

2003-01-01

421

Perceived discrimination in leisure settings in Latino urban communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored: (1) whether Latino residents of two highly segregated neighbourhoods in Chicago, IL, USA, experienced or witnessed any discriminatory incidents in leisure settings; (2) what were the most frequent places and types of discrimination they encountered; (3) who were the perpetrators of discriminatory acts and (4) how people responded to discrimination. Moreover, Latinos own interracial\\/interethnic attitudes toward members

Iryna Sharaievska; Monika Stodolska; Kimberly J. Shinew; Jungeun Kim

2010-01-01

422

Bollywood in the park: thinking intersectionally about public leisure space  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the summer of 2007, Bollywood (and the International Indian Film Academy Awards) came to Yorkshire in the north of England and public spaces in cities such as Leeds were used to host various events relating to South Asian culture. The focus here is on the South Asian Festival at Roundhay Park and shifting uses and perceptions of public leisure

Beccy Watson; Aarti Ratna

2011-01-01

423

Migration, labor–leisure choice, and Pareto suboptimal redistribution  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores redistributive externalities and the extent to which redistribution helps the poor. We find that traditional work in the migration literature systematically understates the extent to which generous redistributive policies cause members of a common labor market to attract recipients and repel workers. We also find that, when labor–leisure externalities are sufficiently severe and concern for social justice

Jason L. Saving

1999-01-01

424

Living the game of hide and seek: Leisure in the lives of gay and lesbian young adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little attention has been given to gays and lesbians in leisure research. Increased understanding of the issues surrounding gay and lesbian people can enhance the leisure of individuals of non?dominant sexual orientations and allow them to construct positive, self?expressive leisure experiences. Using a symbolic interactionist approach, this study explored how gay and lesbian young adults assign meaning to their leisure

Corey W. Johnson

1999-01-01

425

Evaluating and Increasing In-Home Leisure Activity among Adults with Severe Disabilities in Supported Independent Living  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Observations were conducted of the in-home leisure activity of three adults with severe disabilities in three supported independent living (SIL) sites. Results indicated a lack of leisure engagement. Potentially preferred, typical leisure activities were then identified by consulting lists of common leisure activities, surveying adults in…

Wilson, Philip G.; Reid, Dennis H.; Green, Carolyn W.

2006-01-01

426

Reading Chess  

Microsoft Academic Search

By applying semantic analysis to images of extended passages of text, several volumes of a chess encyclopedia have been read with high accuracy. Although carefully proofread, the books were poorly printed and posed a severe challenge to conventional page-layout analysis and character-recognition methods. An experimental page-reader system performed strictly top-down layout analysis for identification of columns, lines, words, and characters.

Henry S. Baird; Ken Thompson

1990-01-01

427

Reading Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On this website, you will practice reading with some super fun games! Fly a dragon to pick the right words in Blending dragon Make words with shadow faces in Say What?! Can you follow a recipe? Find out by Cooking with Abuela Fly through the air to save the day in Sentence Flying! Help Binky get his story straight in Story Scramble Go fishing for sightwords on Fishing with Kirima Try matching prefixes and suffixes in Balloon popping fun! Write a new ...

Peake, Mrs.

2010-11-29

428

[Hygiene during leisure time among third year students from the Department of Nursing and Health Sciences].  

PubMed

The aim of the study was the assessment of hygiene of leisure time among third year students from Faculty of Nursing and Health Science of Lublin Medical Academy. It analysed passive and active ways of spending free time. The study involved 106 students (55 stationary and 51 extramural) and it was conducted by means of questionnaire. The study revealed that students prefer passive types of spending their leisure time. The most popular activity was listening to the radio, to which they devoted average 2.9 hours a day (listening to music mainly). Extramural students listened to the radio shorter than stationary ones (the difference was statistically significant). Students spent also a lot of their time watching television (average 1.5 hours a day), reading books and newspapers (average 1.85 hours a day) and doing housework, which is an active way of rest (average 2.7 hours a day), mainly preparing meals and shopping. Students devoted the least of their free time to sleep during the day in spite of the fact it is an excellent way of rest. The study found also that physical activity was not a favourite type of spending free time. Every third student did not do any sport. Stationary students did sport 4 times longer than extramural (the difference was statistically significant). Only 31% practiced taking a daily walk and only 44% of students made tourist trips. 81.9% of them went away during summer holidays, but only 31% of them during the winter break. Undoubtedly, the way of spending free time by the students under examination was not hygienic as it did not give them a sense of relaxation and rest; also the students themselves were not satisfied with it. PMID:12235677

Czabak-Garbacz, Róza; Skibniewska, Agnieszka; Mazurkiewicz, Piotr; Wisowska, Anna

2002-01-01

429

Habitability potential of icy moons  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The satellites of Jupiter and Saturn have been revealed as extremely astrobiologically interesting bodies presenting promising conditions for habitability and the development and/or maintenance of life. Titan and Enceladus, Saturn's satellites, were found by the Cassini-Huygens mission to possess active organic chemistries with seasonal variations, unique geological features and possibly internal liquid water oceans, among other. Additionally, Jupiter's Europa and Ganymede show indications of harboring liquid water oceans under their icy crusts, which may be in direct contact with a silicate mantle floor and kept warm through time by tidally generated heat. All of these environments satisfy many of the "classical" criteria for habitability (liquid water, energy sources to sustain metabolism and "nutrients" over a period of time long enough to allow the development of life). In order to study the habitability of icy moons around giant planets, we look at the atmosphere-surface-interior connections with their similarities with the Earth as a starting point [1]. The discovery of the water jets on Enceladus, the possibility for cryovolcanic processes on Titan and the hypothetically active mantle of Europa suggest that icy moons around giant planets may well contain subsurface oceans.

Coustenis, A.; Solomonidou, A.; Bampasidis, G.; Hirtzig, M.; Sohl, F.; Hussmann, H.; Kyriakopoulos, K.; Seymour, K.; Bratsolis, E.; Moussas, X.

2012-09-01

430

Widen the belt of habitability!  

PubMed

Among the key-parameters to characterize habitability are presence or availability of liquid water, an appropriate temperature range, and the time scale of reference. These criteria for habitability are discussed and described from the point of view of water- and ice-physics, and it is shown that liquid water may exist in the sub-surfaces of planetary bodies like Mars, and possibly of inner asteroids and internally heated ice-moons. Water can remain fluid there also at temperatures far below the "canonical" 0 °C. This behaviour is made possible as a consequence of the freezing point depression due to salty solutes in water or "brines", as they can be expected to exist in nature more frequently than pure liquid water. On the other hand, low temperatures cause a slowing down of chemical processes, as can be described by Arrhenius's relation. The resulting smaller reaction rates probably will have the consequence to complicate the detection of low-temperature life processes, if they exist. Furthermore, the adaptation potential of life is to be mentioned in this context as a yet partially unknown process. Resulting recommendations are given to improve the use of criteria to characterize habitable conditions. PMID:22638839

Möhlmann, D

2012-05-26

431

The Relationship between Degree of Influence of Agents of Leisure Socialization and Generalized Leisure Self-Efficacy Among University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although a few studies have been conducted that provide insight into factors that influence generalized leisure self-efficacy, no previous studies have taken a life cycle orientation to examine influences of such important agents of socialization as parents, peers, teachers, and television during childhood and adolescence. Existing theoretical and empirical evidence, however, would suggest that these agents of socialization may play

Andrew Hoff

432

Toddler Reading Time  

MedlinePLUS

... reading are just right. Reasons to Read to Toddlers Studies show that kids with active exposure to ... and comfortable. When and How to Read to Toddlers Experts recommend reading to toddlers as often as ...

433

Reading Research 1974.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This booklet reviews reading research that was reported in Great Britain during 1974. The introductory pages highlight research on reading standards and tests, dyslexia and specific reading difficulties, remedial reading instruction, and reading as it relates to language. Annotated items listed include reading research reported in articles or…

Goodacre, Elizabeth J.

434

Reading Research 1975.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The reading research contributions discussed in this survey are arranged under the following headings: reading standards and tests, dyslexia and specific reading retardation, remedial and reading provision, reading development, and materials and reading interests. Each section summarizes research and findings in that area of study during 1975.…

Goodacre, Elizabeth J.

435

Reading Research 1976.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This annotated bibliography lists the reading research that was published in England during 1976. An introduction highlights specific research on reading tests and standards, dyslexia and specific reading retardation, remedial reading, reading development, and reading material selection. The booklet's sections list research reported in articles…

Goodacre, Elizabeth J.

436

Planning to break unwanted habits: habit strength moderates implementation intention effects on behaviour change.  

PubMed

Implementation intention formation promotes effective goal striving and goal attainment. However, little research has investigated whether implementation intentions promote behaviour change when people possess strong antagonistic habits. Experiment 1 developed relatively habitual responses that, after a task switch, had a detrimental impact on task performance. Forming an if-then plan reduced the negative impact of habit on performance. However, the effect of forming implementation intentions was smaller among participants who possessed strong habits as compared to participants who had weaker habits. Experiment 2 provided a field test of the role of habit strength in moderating the relationship between implementation intentions and behaviour in the context of smoking. Implementation intentions reduced smoking among participants with weak or moderate smoking habits, but not among participants with strong smoking habits. In summary, habit strength moderates the effectiveness of if-then plan formation in breaking unwanted habits. PMID:18851764

Webb, Thomas L; Sheeran, Paschal; Luszczynska, Aleksandra

2008-10-11

437

Slow Reading: Reading along "Lectio" Lines  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The medieval monastic movement preserved and developed reading practices--lectio--from ancient Greek pedagogy as a slow, mindful approach to reading for formation. This ancient way of reading, now better known as lectio divina, challenges the fast, pragmatic reading so characteristic of our time. We propose that the present moment may be ripe for…

Badley, K. Jo-Ann; Badley, Ken

2011-01-01

438

Extensive Reading Quizzes and Reading Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Extensive reading (ER) has become a common feature of many English as a second or foreign language (ESL/EFL) programs. There is evidence that reading large amounts of easy, interesting material may improve foreign language skills, most notably in vocabulary, reading rates, and overall proficiency. However, teacher evaluation of extensive reading

Stoeckel, Tim; Reagan, Nevitt; Hann, Fergus

2012-01-01

439

Leisure and Quality of Life in an International and Multicultural Context: What Are Major Pathways Linking Leisure to Quality of Life?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper aims at advancing the conceptualization of leisure as a contributor to quality of life (QOL) in an international and multicultural context, based on an extensive and critical review of literature on leisure and QOL from a global, international perspective. Given the central role of culture in conceptualizing this notion, this paper…

Iwasaki, Yoshitaka

2007-01-01

440

Leisure-Time Education in Denmark: The Leisure-Time Education, etc. (Consolidation) Act. Act No. 316 of June 27, 1980.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Consolidation of two earlier Danish Ministry of Education Acts in 1980 resulted in a 12-part Act which outlines programs and activities in leisure-time education for children and adults. Sections of the Act cover: (1) youth schools; (2) leisure-time activities for children and young people, including interest-groups, youth clubs and use of school…

Bennedsen, Dorte

441

Oral Language and Reading Success: A Structural Equation Modeling Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Oral language skills and habits may serve as important resources for success or failure in school-related tasks such as learning to read. This article tests this hypothesis utilizing a unique data set, the original Woodcock-Johnson Psycho-Educational Battery-Revised norming sample. This article assesses the importance of oral language by focusing…

Beron, Kurt J.; Farkas, George

2004-01-01

442

7 habits of highly effective.  

PubMed

There is a pressing need for psychiatric nurse authors to write about their professional image as well as issues they face in clinical practice. In this article, two psychiatric nurses describe how using Covey's The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People: Powerful Lessons in Personal Change can serve as a framework for increasing writing productivity. In addition, the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator can increase awareness of and appreciation for the strengths and differences in each author's writing style. Using these tools, writing can become a process of discovery. PMID:20102131

McGuinness, Teena M; McElroy, Ellen

2010-01-01

443

Reading and Modernization: The Experience of Jewish Women in Berlin Around 1800  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay focuses on the reading practices of a group of Jewish women who lived in Berlin in late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. The copious personal sources left by such women as Henriette Herz, Rahel Levin, Sara Meyer and Dorothea Mendelssohn, among others, contain detailed evidence on their reading habits, pointing at the centrality of this activity in their

Natalie Naimark-Goldberg

444

iREAP: Improving Reading, Writing, and Thinking in the Wired Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that the REAP system (Read, Encode, Annotate, Ponder) improves reading, writing, and thinking. Describes how the "i" in iREAP represents its currency and connection to Internet community building. Presents applications to help students internalize REAP "spectrum thinking," or thinking from different perspectives, so that it becomes a habit

Manzo, Anthony; Manzo, Ula; Albee, Julie Jackson

2002-01-01

445

Leisure time activity and new onset of wheezing during adolescence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Asthma prevalence is increasing in adult and paediatric patients. In the present study, the association between different leisure time activities and new onset of wheezing was analysed in adolescents aged 16-18 yrs taking part in a questionnaire-based follow-up of the International Study on Asthma and Allergies in Childhood in Munich and Dresden, Germany. Of the 3,785 adolescents who took part

C. Vogelberg; T. Hirsch; K. Radon; H. Dressel; D. Windstetter; G. Weinmayr; S. K. Weiland; E. von Mutius; D. Nowak; W. Leupold

2007-01-01

446

The use of leisure activities in a therapeutic community.  

PubMed

This paper is concerned with the use of social and leisure activities as part of nursing work in a therapeutic community. It describes this element in the therapeutic programme of the Cassel Hospital. There is a brief introduction to the general principles of the therapeutic community and then to the nurses' role at the Cassel Hospital. The work in the sphere of social and leisure activities is seen as consistent with these principles. The structures enabling social and leisure activities to be integrated into the work of the hospital are described. Therapeutic opportunities are outlined, which arise when nurses work alongside patients in the course of such activities. This also serves to illustrate therapeutic community practice. There follows a discussion of the clinical significance of the voluntary element in this area of practice and of the related problems. Jacques' conceptualization of work and resistance to work are used at a number of points to link issues raised in the paper to existing psychodynamic theory. PMID:9573982

McCaffrey, G

1998-02-01

447

The habitable zone and extreme planetary orbits.  

PubMed

The habitable zone for a given star describes the range of circumstellar distances from the star within which a planet could have liquid water on its surface, which depends upon the stellar properties. Here we describe the development of the habitable zone concept, its application to our own solar system, and its subsequent application to exoplanetary systems. We further apply this to planets in extreme eccentric orbits and show how they may still retain life-bearing properties depending upon the percentage of the total orbit which is spent within the habitable zone. Key Words: Extrasolar planets-Habitable zone-Astrobiology. PMID:23035897

Kane, Stephen R; Gelino, Dawn M

2012-10-04

448

Tidal Limits to Planetary Habitability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The habitable zones (HZs) of main-sequence stars have traditionally been defined as the range of orbits that intercept the appropriate amount of stellar flux to permit surface water on a planet. Terrestrial exoplanets discovered to orbit M stars in these zones, which are close-in due to decreased stellar luminosity, may also undergo significant tidal heating. Tidal heating may span a wide range for terrestrial exoplanets and may significantly affect conditions near the surface. For example, if heating rates on an exoplanet are near or greater than that on Io (where tides drive volcanism that resurfaces the planet at least every 1 Myr) and produce similar surface conditions, then the development of life seems unlikely. On the other hand, if the tidal heating rate is less than the minimum to initiate plate tectonics, then CO2 may not be recycled through subduction, leading to a runaway greenhouse that sterilizes the planet. These two cases represent potential boundaries to habitability and are presented along with the range of the traditional HZ for main-sequence, low-mass stars. We propose a revised HZ that incorporates both stellar insolation and tidal heating. We apply these criteria to GJ 581 d and find that it is in the traditional HZ, but its tidal heating alone may be insufficient for plate tectonics.

Barnes, Rory; Jackson, Brian; Greenberg, Richard; Raymond, Sean N.

2009-07-01

449

Dynamical habitability of planetary systems.  

PubMed

The problem of the stability of planetary systems, a question that concerns only multiplanetary systems that host at least two planets, is discussed. The problem of mean motion resonances is addressed prior to discussion of the dynamical structure of the more than 350 known planets. The difference with regard to our own Solar System with eight planets on low eccentricity is evident in that 60% of the known extrasolar planets have orbits with eccentricity e > 0.2. We theoretically highlight the studies concerning possible terrestrial planets in systems with a Jupiter-like planet. We emphasize that an orbit of a particular nature only will keep a planet within the habitable zone around a host star with respect to the semimajor axis and its eccentricity. In addition, some results are given for individual systems (e.g., Gl777A) with regard to the stability of orbits within habitable zones. We also review what is known about the orbits of planets in double-star systems around only one component (e.g., gamma Cephei) and around both stars (e.g., eclipsing binaries). PMID:20307181

Dvorak, Rudolf; Pilat-Lohinger, Elke; Bois, Eric; Schwarz, Richard; Funk, Barbara; Beichman, Charles; Danchi, William; Eiroa, Carlos; Fridlund, Malcolm; Henning, Thomas; Herbst, Tom; Kaltenegger, Lisa; Lammer, Helmut; Léger, Alain; Liseau, René; Lunine, Jonathan; Paresce, Francesco; Penny, Alan; Quirrenbach, Andreas; Röttgering, Huub; Selsis, Frank; Schneider, Jean; Stam, Daphne; Tinetti, Giovanna; White, Glenn J

450

TIDAL LIMITS TO PLANETARY HABITABILITY  

SciTech Connect

The habitable zones (HZs) of main-sequence stars have traditionally been defined as the range of orbits that intercept the appropriate amount of stellar flux to permit surface water on a planet. Terrestrial exoplanets discovered to orbit M stars in these zones, which are close-in due to decreased stellar luminosity, may also undergo significant tidal heating. Tidal heating may span a wide range for terrestrial exoplanets and may significantly affect conditions near the surface. For example, if heating rates on an exoplanet are near or greater than that on Io (where tides drive volcanism that resurfaces the planet at least every 1 Myr) and produce similar surface conditions, then the development of life seems unlikely. On the other hand, if the tidal heating rate is less than the minimum to initiate plate tectonics, then CO{sub 2} may not be recycled through subduction, leading to a runaway greenhouse that sterilizes the planet. These two cases represent potential boundaries to habitability and are presented along with the range of the traditional HZ for main-sequence, low-mass stars. We propose a revised HZ that incorporates both stellar insolation and tidal heating. We apply these criteria to GJ 581 d and find that it is in the traditional HZ, but its tidal heating alone may be insufficient for plate tectonics.

Barnes, Rory [Department of Astronomy, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195-1580 (United States); Jackson, Brian; Greenberg, Richard [Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Raymond, Sean N. [Virtual Planetary Laboratory (United States)

2009-07-20

451

[Leisure and mental health in people with hypertension: convergence in health education].  

PubMed

People with hypertension constantly deal with issues related to mental health due to the psychosocial determinants of this illness, and leisure is an important control strategy. The objective of this study was to promote health education to a group of hypertensive patients, through research-action, based on critical-social pedagogy, and taking into consideration the participants' perception of leisure. Educational activities were conducted and, following, an evaluation was performed regarding the subjects' opinion about the impact of leisure on their lives and mental health. The group perceived leisure as a coping strategy for loneliness and also as a late development of independence; it was also regarded as a means of socialization and as a promotion of mental health. These perceptions revealed two themes: aging, leisure, and chronic disease; and knowledge and leisure experiences. Educational actions, such as group dynamics and discussions, were planned considering these themes with the purpose of providing the necessary conditions for socializing and exchanging experiences. PMID:22576542

Baldissera, Vanessa Denardi Antoniassi; Bueno, Sonia Maria Villela

2012-04-01

452

No Fun Anymore: Leisure and Marital Quality Across the Transition to Parenthood  

PubMed Central

This study examines changes in leisure patterns across the transition to parenthood for dual-earner, working-class couples, as well as the relationship between leisure and marital quality. To this end, 147 heterosexual couples were interviewed across the transition to parenthood. Findings indicate that during the transition to parenthood, husbands and wives experience an initial decline in leisure, followed by a gradual incline after the wife’s return to work. Overall, wives who reported more shared leisure prenatally also reported more marital love and less conflict 1 year later. Husbands with more independent leisure prenatally reported less love and more conflict 1 year later. Conclusions suggest leisure time is integral to well-functioning marriages, with effects lasting throughout the first year of parenthood.

Claxton, Amy; Perry-Jenkins, Maureen

2010-01-01

453

Technology-aided programs for assisting communication and leisure engagement of persons with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: two single-case studies.  

PubMed

Technology-aided programs for assisting communication and leisure engagement were assessed in single-case studies involving two men with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Study I involved a 51-year-old man with a virtually total loss of his motor repertoire and assessed a technology-aided program aimed at enabling him to (a) write and send out text messages and have incoming messages read to him and (b) establish videophone connections with his children (i.e., establish video contact and communicate with them). Study II involved a 66-year-old man with virtually no motor behavior and apparent depression and assessed a technology-aided program aimed at enabling him to (a) engage in leisure activities and make requests for basic needs and (b) use a low-demand messaging system. The results of both studies were highly encouraging. The participant of Study I could use the technology-aided program for effective communication and social interaction with multiple partners as well as for family interaction. The participant of Study II could use the technology-aided program for leisure engagement, requests, and basic family contacts/communication. The implications of technology for helping persons with severe ALS levels maintain an active and constructive role are discussed. PMID:22537857

Lancioni, Giulio E; Singh, Nirbhay N; O'Reilly, Mark F; Sigafoos, Jeff; Ferlisi, Gabriele; Ferrarese, Giacomina; Zullo, Valeria; Addante, Luigi M; Spica, Antonella; Oliva, Doretta

2012-04-24

454

College Students' Media Habits: A Pilot Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study investigated the level of undergraduate college students' involvement with the electronic media (radio, television, movies, music) and print media (books, newspapers, magazines) as it relates to both study and leisure activities. During the 1992-94 academic years, 5100 questionnaires were distributed to college students across the United…

Kamalipour, Yahya R.; Robinson, William L.; Nortman, Michael L.

455

Strategic Communication in Multicultural Markets: Korean and American Cultural Differences Toward Leisure  

Microsoft Academic Search

A foremost issue in international communication planning is the cultural understanding of a target audience. The body of literature for studies of leisure—a growing industry worldwide—is mostly from Western viewpoints, despite an increasing awareness of its value from Eastern perspectives. Even the notion of “leisure” itself is Western-based. This research documents different leisure patterns in Koreans and Americans, and examines

Doo Syen Kang; Lucinda Davenport

2009-01-01

456

A Time Series Analysis of Representative Agent Models of Consumption and Leisure Choice under Uncertainty  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates empirically a model of aggregate consumption and leisure decisions in which utility from goods and leisure is nontime-separable. The nonseparability of p refer-ences accommodates intertemporal substitution or complementarit y of leisure and thereby affects the comovements in aggregate compens ation and hours worked. These cross relations are examined empiricall y using postwar monthly U.S. data on quantities,

Martin S Eichenbaum; Lars Peter Hansen; Kenneth J Singleton

1988-01-01

457

Leisure-Time Physical Activity in School Environments: An Observational Study Using SOPLAY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Schools provide settings for physical activity (PA), but objective tools for measuring PA are lacking. We assessed an instrument to directly observe group PA and measured the leisure-time PA of adolescents throughout the school day.Methods. Leisure-time PA was studied by direct observation in 24 middle schools in Southern California using SOPLAY (System for Observing Play and Leisure Activity in

Thomas L. McKenzie; Simon J. Marshall; James F. Sallis; Terry L. Conway

2000-01-01

458

The Role of Leisure in Determining Quality of Life: Issues of Content and Measurement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditional approaches to themeasurement of leisure's relationship toquality of life have emphasised place-centredindicators (e.g., the frequency of leisurefacility usage) and tended to ignoreperson-centred criteria (e.g., satisfactionwith leisure experiences). Moreover, theunderlying assumption in subsequent policyoutcomes has been that increasing the number offacilities and services will automaticallyenhance people's QOL. This paper focuses onboth the content and measurement of leisure andits relationship to

Kathleen M. Lloyd; Christopher J. Auld

2002-01-01

459

Leisure activities and adolescent antisocial behavior: The role of structure and social context  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this study was to understand better how the structure and social context of adolescent leisure activities relates to antisocial behavior. A representative sample of 703 14-year-olds and their parents were assessed concerning adolescent involvement in community-based leisure activities, peer and adult social relations, and antisocial behavior. Results showed that participation in highly structured leisure activities was linked

JOSEPH L. MAHONEY; HÅKAN STATTIN

2000-01-01

460

Factors Influencing the Physically Active Leisure of Children and Youth: A Qualitative Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

A phenomenological framework guided data collection and analysis of the prevalent influences on attitudes and behaviors of elementary, junior, and secondary school students towards their physically active leisure. Twenty-two students participated in individual in-depth interviews. Parental influence and outdoor play effected choice and level of physically active leisure for elementary students. Opportunities for organized and non-structured physically active leisure and

Angela M. Thompson; Laurene A. Rehman; M. Louise Humbert

2005-01-01

461

Adolescents' leisure activities, parental monitoring and cigarette smoking - a cross-sectional study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Adolescent participation in leisure activities is developmentally beneficial, but certain activities may increase health compromising\\u000a behaviours, such as tobacco smoking. A limited range of leisure activities has been studied, with little research on out-of-school\\u000a settings where parental supervision is a potential protective factor. Tobacco smoking is an important, potentially modifiable\\u000a health determinant, so understanding associations between adolescent leisure activities, parental

Hui Guo; Anthony I Reeder; Rob McGee; Helen Darling

2011-01-01

462

A New Look at Habits and the Habit–Goal Interface  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present model outlines the mechanisms underlying habitual control of responding and the ways in which habits interface with goals. Habits emerge from the gradual learning of associations between responses and the features of performance contexts that have historically covaried with them (e.g., physical settings, preceding actions). Once a habit is formed, perception of contexts triggers the associated response without

Wendy Wood; David T. Neal

2007-01-01

463

Reading Consultant's Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This handbook contains brief essays concerning aspects of reading and reading skills, activities designed to promote those skills, and biographies of reading specialists. The first section of the handbook discusses reading readiness, word recognition, word analysis, word meaning, comprehension, and content area reading. After discussion of each…

Bourgeois, Penny, Comp.; And Others

464

Parents Teach Reading, Too.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parents and teachers need to be involved in teaching children to read and to enjoy reading. There are three planks in a platform that will help all parents become involved in their children's learning to read. First, parents must set the example. If they want their children to read, parents must read around them and to them. Secondly, they must…

Clary, Linda Mixon

465

The Habitable Planet: Ecology Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Annenberg Media project continues to bring interesting and engaging educational materials to teachers and students, and the ball keeps on rolling with this particular feature. The ecology lab feature here is designed to be used in conjunction with "The Habitable Planet" series, which is also available on the site. Teachers and others will note that the site includes an ecology simulator, and visitors can toggle the various settings to learn how the addition or removal of different species will affect their self-designed ecosystem. The simulator is fairly easy to understand, and there's a "HELP" section designed to provide assistance. Additionally, the site also includes a glossary of relevant ecosystem terms, videos, and an online textbook.

466

Habitability and Life - an Overview  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Abstract The search for habitable planets has seen a significant boost, since much effort was invested into development of newer and more powerful techniques of detecting such planetary bodies. This search is fuelled by the interest that is sparked by its help in answering the bigger question of the origin of life on Earth and its abundance in the universe. Traditionally a planetary body has been deemed habitable when it provides conditions under which water is liquid. This led to the formulation of a habitable zone across stars, in which liquid water can exist. [1] Liquid water remains to this day the single most important feature in the search for life. There have been various suggestions of life being present in waterless environments like liquid hydrocarbons or even liquid ammonia, but how exactly a living system under such conditions might work, no one can satisfactorily explain. [2] A very important point in this context that is not often raised is that while water might be a favourable medium in which to live and certainly a major constituent of all living organism we know of, water alone is not alive and it will not spontaneously evolve into life. It would thus seem that apart from the presence of liquid water there a number of other, minor, necessary ingredients to life that determine whether a planet is habitable (meaning capable of sustaining life) or whether it is also capable of providing the starting grounds for the evolution of living systems. These other ingredients are determined by the minimum requirements of life itself. They include the molecular components of the most primitive encasing of an organism, the most primitive molecules needed for something like a metabolism and the most primitive way of storing information. [3] In addition to these molecular components, life must be able to utilise a source of energy to drive chemical reactions. Observations of various extremophiles on Earth utilising all kinds disequilibria suggest that these can be very diverse. The exact nature of these other ingredients, their possible presence and history of formation and their impact for the formation and evolution of life will be discussed for several different types of habitats all across the regime in which liquid water can be found, such as very dry and cold bodies like Mars, hot bodies like Venus, bodies covered completely in water or bodies with subsurface oceans. References [1] Kasting J.F., Whitmire D.P., Reynolds R.T., (1993) Icarus 101(1), 108-128 [2] Benner S.A., Ricardo A., Carrigan M.A. (2004) Curr Opin Chem Biol 8(6), 672-689 [3] Ruiz-Mirazo K., Peretó J., Moreno A., (2004) OLEB 34(3), 323-346 EPSC Abstracts, Vol. 3, EPSC2008-A-00039, 2008 European Planetary Science Congress, Author(s) 2008

Bredehöft, J. H.

2008-09-01

467

Habit reversal training for trichotillomania.  

PubMed

Trichotillomania is characterized by the repeated urge to pull out hair, leading to noticeable hair loss, distress, and social or functional impairment. Most of the cases present initially to dermatologists with complaints of loss of hair and is often confused with other dermatological conditions like alopecia areata, tinea capitis, traction alopecia, and loose anagen syndrome. It is a chronic condition and difficult to treat. No formal treatment algorithm is present for trichotillomania and no drug has been found to be universally effective. We present a case report of a 22-year-old single female diagnosed with trichotillomania, with complaints of recurrent hair pulling resulting in noticeable hair loss since the age of 8 years. She was treated with Habit Reversal Training with Stimulus Control over a period of 12 weeks and attained complete remission. The effectiveness of HRT plus for the treatment of Trichotillomania is ascertained. PMID:22628990

Gupta, Sunil; Gargi, Parshotam Dass

2012-01-01

468

Planetary Conditions for Habitability on Enceladus  

Microsoft Academic Search

The prolific activity and presence of a plume on Saturn's tiny moon Enceladus offers us a unique opportunity to sample the interior composition of an icy satellite, and to look for interesting chemistry and possible signs of life. Based on studies of the potential habitability of Jupiter's moon Europa, icy satellite oceans can be habitable if they are chemically mixed

Christopher D. Parkinson; Amy C. Barr; Mao-Chang Liang; Y. L. Yung

2007-01-01

469

Habitability of Enceladus: Planetary Conditions for Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

The prolific activity and presence of a plume on Saturn's tiny moon Enceladus offers us a unique opportunity to sample the interior composition of an icy satellite, and to look for interesting chemistry and possible signs of life. Based on studies of the potential habitability of Jupiter's moon Europa, icy satellite oceans can be habitable if they are chemically mixed

Christopher D. Parkinson; Mao-Chang Liang; Yuk L. Yung; Joseph L. Kirschivnk

2008-01-01

470

Characteristics of Oral-Digital Habits  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter will discuss the two predominant forms of oral-digital habits, thumb\\/finger sucking (finger sucking hereafter) and onychophagia (nail biting hereafter) in terms of their demographics, phenomenology, causes, functions, and clinical associations. The two habits are obviously similar topographically. The extent to which this similarity extends to these other topics will be explored, but only briefly. The differential size and

Patrick C. Friman; Michelle R. Byrd; Erin M. Oksol

471

Habitable planets around the star Gliese 581?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Context: Thanks to remarkable progress, radial velocity surveys are now able to detect terrestrial planets at habitable distance from low-mass stars. Recently, two planets with minimum masses below 10 M? have been reported in a triple system around the M-type star Gliese 581. These planets are found at orbital distances comparable to the location of the boundaries of the habitable

F. Selsis; J. F. Kasting; B. Levrard; J. Paillet; I. Ribas; X. Delfosse

2007-01-01

472

Geophysical and Atmospheric Evolution of Habitable Planets  

Microsoft Academic Search

The evolution of Earth-like habitable planets is a complex process that depends on the geodynamical and geophysical environments. In particular, it is necessary that plate tectonics remain active over billions of years. These geophysically active environments are strongly coupled to a planet's host star parameters, such as mass, luminosity and activity, orbit location of the habitable zone, and the planet's

Helmut Lammer; Frank Selsis; Eric Chassefière; Doris Breuer; Jean-Mathias Grießmeier; Yuri N. Kulikov; Nikolai V. Erkaev; Maxim L. Khodachenko; Helfried K. Biernat; Francois Leblanc; Esa Kallio; Richard Lundin; Frances Westall; Siegfried J. Bauer; Charles Beichman; William Danchi; Carlos Eiroa; Malcolm Fridlund; Hannes Gröller; Arnold Hanslmeier; Walter Hausleitner; Thomas Henning; Tom Herbst; Lisa Kaltenegger; Alain Léger; Martin Leitzinger; Herbert I. M. Lichtenegger; René Liseau; Jonathan Lunine; Uwe Motschmann; Petra Odert; Francesco Paresce; John Parnell; Alan Penny; Andreas Quirrenbach; Heike Rauer; Huub Röttgering; Jean Schneider; Tilman Spohn; Anja Stadelmann; Güter Stangl; Daphne Stam; Giovanna Tinetti; Glenn J. White

2010-01-01

473

Dietary Habits in Transition to Parenthood  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trends in dietary patterns in transition to parenthood were inferentially derived from the literature, in the absence or research in this area. It appears from the material reviewed that dietary habits improve nutritionally from childhood to young adulthood hence most pregnant women probably enter pregnancy with acceptable dietary habits. Exceptions to this generalization may be individuals for the lower socioeconomic

Leta P. Aljadir

1988-01-01

474

SETI and SEH (Statistical Equation for Habitables)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The statistics of habitable planets may be based on a set of ten (and possibly more) astrobiological requirements first pointed out by Stephen H. Dole in his book “Habitable planets for man” (1964). In this paper, we first provide the statistical generalization of the original and by now too simplistic Dole equation. In other words, a product of ten positive

Claudio Maccone

2011-01-01

475

Genetic Influences on Adolescent Eating Habits  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Behavioral genetic research shows that variation in eating habits and food consumption is due to genetic and environmental factors. The current study extends this line of research by examining the genetic contribution to adolescent eating habits. Analysis of sibling pairs drawn from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add…

Beaver, Kevin M.; Flores, Tori; Boutwell, Brian B.; Gibson, Chris L.

2012-01-01

476

Can Supermarkets Boost Healthy Eating Habits?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Problems related to obesity as a result of changing dietary habits have generated discussions. This study aimed to make connections between institutional theory and presumable strategies that supermarkets may adopt to minimize problems related to poor nutrition. Eating habits, obesity and overweight indexes were analyzed, leading to the following problem: How can supermarkets contribute to fight epidemic obesity and at

Matheus Dill; Vitor Francisco Dalla Corte; Adriano Adelcino Anselmi; Carlos Alberto Oliveira; Maria Isabel Finger

2012-01-01

477

Genetic Influences on Adolescent Eating Habits  

Microsoft Academic Search

Behavioral genetic research shows that variation in eating habits and food consumption is due to genetic and environmental factors. The current study extends this line of research by examining the genetic contribution to adolescent eating habits. Analysis of sibling pairs drawn from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) revealed significant genetic influences on variance in an unhealthy

Kevin M. Beaver; Tori Flores; Brian B. Boutwell; Chris L. Gibson

2012-01-01

478

Unsuccessful Study Habits in Foreign Language Courses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study determined which study habits would distinguish successful from unsuccessful foreign language learners. Participants were 219 college students from a variety of disciplinary backgrounds enrolled in either Spanish, French, German, or Japanese classes. The students completed the Study Habits Inventory and the Background Demographic Form.…

Bailey, Phillip D.; Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.

479

Habit Lag: When “Automatization” is Dysfunctional  

Microsoft Academic Search

La Fave's habit lag construct, which specifies conditions under which previously automatized motor responses become disruptive of subsequent performance, was tested. Performance under stress was also examined as a possible factor in the occurrence of habit lag. Following a visual discrimination task, 48 women performed motor responses simultaneously: (a) repeating an invariant lever movement and (b) pushing one of two

Roger C. Mannell; James H. Duthie

1975-01-01

480

Reading Music Affects Reading Language: Says Who?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rejects the belief that teaching music reading affects the teaching of language reading. Article is a further extension of the research provided by Ruth Zinar on the connection between the two (EJ 147 534). (Editor/RK)

Groff, Patrick

1977-01-01

481

What makes a planet habitable?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This work reviews factors which are important for the evolution of habitable Earth-like planets such as the effects of the host star dependent radiation and particle fluxes on the evolution of atmospheres and initial water inventories. We discuss the geodynamical and geophysical environments which are necessary for planets where plate tectonics remain active over geological time scales and for planets which evolve to one-plate planets. The discoveries of methane-ethane surface lakes on Saturn’s large moon Titan, subsurface water oceans or reservoirs inside the moons of Solar System gas giants such as Europa, Ganymede, Titan and Enceladus and more than 335 exoplanets, indicate that the classical definition of the habitable zone concept neglects more exotic habitats and may fail to be adequate for stars which are different from our Sun. A classification of four habitat types is proposed. Class I habitats represent bodies on which stellar and geophysical conditions allow Earth-analog planets to evolve so that complex multi-cellular life forms may originate. Class II habitats includes bodies on which life may evolve but due to stellar and geophysical conditions that are different from the class I habitats, the planets rather evolve toward Venus- or Mars-type worlds where complex life-forms may not develop. Class III habitats are planetary bodies where subsurface water oceans exist which interact directly with a silicate-rich core, while class IV habitats have liquid water layers between two ice layers, or liquids above ice. Furthermore, we discuss from the present viewpoint how life may have originated on early Earth, the possibilities that life may evolve on such Earth-like bodies and how future space missions may discover manifestations of extraterrestrial life.

Lammer, H.; Bredehöft, J. H.; Coustenis, A.; Khodachenko, M. L.; Kaltenegger, L.; Grasset, O.; Prieur, D.; Raulin, F.; Ehrenfreund, P.; Yamauchi, M.; Wahlund, J.-E.; Grießmeier, J.-M.; Stangl, G.; Cockell, C. S.; Kulikov, Yu. N.; Grenfell, J. L.; Rauer, H.

2009-06-01

482

Children Can Love Reading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the Reading Is Fundamental Program (RIF), whose reading motivation concept is simple: young people who get the opportunity to freely choose and to own books may begin to experience reading as a pleasurable activity. (Author/LLS)|

Zibart, Rosemary

1980-01-01

483

Promoting Reading Motivation by Reading Together  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the present project we tested the hypothesis that tutorial situations with peers would benefit children's reading motivation. Participants were from elementary school--80 fourth-graders and 80 second-graders. We used a questionnaire to assess reading motivation. In the tutorial sessions we developed a Paired Reading Program. The children who…

Monteiro, Vera

2013-01-01

484

Teaching Adults to Read with Reading Apprenticeship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many adult students have basic reading skills, but they are inexperienced readers who need to learn skills beyond the basics to equip them for success in college and career. How do educators face such adults with optimism and an eagerness to help improve specific reading skills so that these students can read and understand a variety of materials?…

Lesmeister, Michele Benjamin

2010-01-01

485

Does the gospel of Luke suggest a Christian?Judaic form of leisure in the Graeco?Roman world?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditionally in leisure studies, the “origin” of leisure begins with the Greek concept of schole. However, the Graeco?Roman world was a vibrant, diverse, and commercial socio?political world. The focus on only one Greek concept of leisure to the exclusion of competing Greek ideas and other cultures obscures the multiplicity and contested forms of leisure in the Graeco?Roman world. The canonical

Karen M. Fox

2009-01-01

486

The Relationship between Leisure Satisfaction and Life Satisfaction of Adolescents Concerning Online Games  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Increasing evidence indicates adolescents are likely to occupy their leisure time with online games. This study investigates the influences of leisure satisfaction on life satisfaction among adolescent online gamers. The self-completed market survey questionnaire employed is comprised of two sections: the first is Internet usage frequency, while…

Wang, Edward Shih-Tse; Chen, Lily Shui-Lian; Lin, Julia Ying-Chao; Wang, Michael Chih-Hung

2008-01-01

487

Time spent in housework and leisure: links with parents' physiological recovery from work.  

PubMed

Spouses' balancing of housework and leisure activities at home may affect their recovery from work. This paper reports on a study of everyday family life in which 30 dual-earner couples were tracked around their homes by researchers who recorded their locations and activities every 10 min. For women, the most frequently pursued activities at home were housework, communication, and leisure; husbands spent the most time in leisure activities, followed by communication and housework. Spouses differed in their total time at home and their proportion of time devoted to leisure and housework activities, with wives observed more often in housework and husbands observed more often in leisure activities. Both wives and husbands who devoted more time to housework had higher levels of evening cortisol and weaker afternoon-to-evening recovery. For wives, husbands' increased housework time also predicted stronger evening cortisol recovery. When both spouses' activities were entered in the same model, leisure predicted husbands' evening cortisol, such that husbands who apportioned more time to leisure, and whose wives apportioned less time to leisure, showed stronger after-work recovery. These results suggest that the division of labor within couples may have implications for physical health. PMID:21480706

Saxbe, Darby E; Repetti, Rena L; Graesch, Anthony P

2011-04-01

488

Leisure-time physical activity and psychosocial well-being in adolescents after cancer diagnosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This preliminary study examined the relationship between leisure time physical activity (LTPA) and psychosocial well-being in 53 adolescents who were previously diagnosed with cancer. Participants completed a mailed, selfadministered questionnaire in which they recalled their LTPA (including leisure time exercise and organized sport) at three time points (prediagnosis, treatment, and posttreatment). They also reported their current psychosocial well-being by using

Melanie R Keats; Kerry S Courneya; Susan Danielsen; Stan F Whitsett

1999-01-01

489

The Treasure in Leisure Activities: Fostering Resilience in Young People Who Are Blind  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because leisure activities are often viewed as optional, their value to people with disabilities may not be recognized. This study explored the benefits of leisure activities for eight young people who are blind. These activities provided them with supportive relationships, a desirable identity, experiences of power and control, and experiences of…

Jessup, Glenda M.; Cornell, Elaine; Bundy, Anita C.

2010-01-01

490

Competitive Sport as Leisure in Later Life: Negotiations, Discourse, and Aging  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understandings of aging and physical leisure in the West are continually changing at both the individual and social levels. With the aging of populations and the increasing value placed on the maintenance of physical activity in later life, the participation of older people in a leisure activity such as competitive sport is a socio-cultural phenomenon on the rise. This study

Rylee Dionigi

2006-01-01

491

An Application of a Leisure Preference Assessment Protocol for Persons with Severe Handicaps.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A switch-activated microcomputer was used to systematically access the leisure preferences of three severely disabled non-speaking children (ages 10-12). Subjects were provided with a choice between two of five leisure activities (such as listening to music, watching action videos, and feeling vibrations). (Author/DB)|

Dattilo, John; Mirenda, Pat

1987-01-01

492

Playin’ farmer: leisure experiences in a craft-based community of practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study applies situated learning and communities of practice concepts to an ethnographic study of volunteer farm work. In contrast to a traditional conceptualization of education for leisure, participation in farm work activities is understood as a form of education taking place in a leisure context. Analysis reveals that participation in volunteer farm labor may also be understood as participation

Rudy Dunlap

2011-01-01

493

Gentrification and Cosmopolitan Leisure in Inner-Urban Melbourne, Australia, 1960s–1970s  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies of gentrification in Australia have typically analysed the phenomenon through the lens of housing and residential change. This article explores how non-residential factors, including the concept of and the everyday practices associated with cosmopolitanism, offer an opportunity to analyse leisure specific to gentrification in Melbourne in the 1960s and 1970s. The article particularly explores leisure based on food and

Tanja Luckins

2009-01-01

494

Towards inclusive practice: an insider perspective on leisure provision for disabled people  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the findings of a recent research project that looked at non- disabled people's attitudes towards disabled customers at a community leisure centre. As a disabled person, the researcher was both the investigator and a research tool, which provided the advantage of being able to personally test out leisure provision for disabled people at the site. Both inclusive

Claire Tregaskis

2003-01-01

495

Self-Regulation and Adaptation of Leisure Activities Among Adults with Arthritis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores the self-regulation and adaptation of leisure activities among adults with arthritis. A pilot study was conducted with a diverse sample of 178 adults to examine how their arthritis affects leisure involvement and health (physical, emotional, and social). Results from this study indicate that adults use strategies associated with the model of selective optimization with compensation (SOC) to

Megan C. Janke; Julie S. Son; Laura L. Payne

2009-01-01

496

Leisure education within the context of a childhood obesity intervention programme: parents’ experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Parents are viewed as critical agents in preventing and treating childhood obesity. Intervention programmes that target parents have included leisure education as a component. This study explored parents’ experiences in a leisure education process conducted as part of a childhood obesity intervention programme. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 32 parents before and after they had completed the programme. Parents became

Charlene S. Shannon

2012-01-01

497

77 FR 63801 - Aqua-Leisure Industries, Inc., Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...unreasonable risk of serious injury or death, Aqua Leisure failed to inform...Leisure is subject to civil penalties for its knowing failure to...below, and will pay a civil penalty in the amount of six hundred...assigns of all claims for civil penalties that have been or could...

2012-10-17

498

Racism, indifference, and the leisure experiences of South Asian Canadian teens  

Microsoft Academic Search

Canadians tend to understand leisure in terms of research that is typically conducted with white, dominant majority groups. Dominant groups are characterized by their ready access to structural power and consequently, they have the ability to ensure that their needs are met. This paper explores leisure in the lives of South Asian teens and young adults in Canada, one of

Susan Tirone

1999-01-01

499

Time Use Patterns between Maintenance, Subsistence and Leisure Activities: A Case Study in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Chinese government conducted its first time use survey of the activities of Chinese individuals in 2008. Activities were classified into three broad types, maintenance activities, subsistence activities and leisure activities. Time use patterns were defined by an individuals' time spent on maintenance, subsistence and leisure activities each…

Hui-fen, Zhou; Zhen-shan, Li; Dong-qian, Xue; Yang, Lei

2012-01-01

500

The relationship between leisure sports participation and lifestyle of adult women  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between leisure sports participation and lifestyle of adult women. This study examine effects the participation type and degree of leisure sports participation and lifestyle. The subject of this study were selected 520 adult women (281 participants, 239 non-participants) who 26 years old and over, living in Ulsan metropolitan area. The

Byung-Kook Park

2005-01-01