Sample records for leisure reading habits

  1. Middle Schoolers and Magazines: What Teachers Can Learn from Students' Leisure Reading Habits

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gabriel, Rachael; Allington, Richard; Billen, Monica

    2012-01-01

    Teachers, parents, and librarians are constantly looking for methods and materials that engage students as readers and motivate them to increase the time they spend reading. In this article we describe findings from a study of middle schoolers' magazine reading habits that gave us a close look at the power of magazines as supplemental supports for…

  2. Confirming the Newspaper Reading Habit.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stone, Gerald C.; Wetherington, Roger V., Jr.

    1979-01-01

    Data from a study of the newspaper reading habits of 18- to 34-year-olds suggest that reading a daily newspaper is a habitual practice involving certain repetitive actions and that the newspaper habit is dependent on the tradition of newspaper reading in the home when the individual was growing up. (GT)

  3. Twenty Five Habits To Encourage Reading.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaughnessy, Michael F.

    The development of reading is connected to the development of several habits, habits which once developed, will remain. Some of the habits that will get children reading and instill the habit of reading are: (1) use a book mark; (2) allow kids to read the same book twice; (3) have a dictionary handy and explain its use; (4) have magazines,…

  4. The Online Reading Habits of Malaysian Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abidin, Mohammad Jafre Bin Zainol; Pourmohammadi, Majid; Varasingam, Nalini A/P; Lean, Ooi Choon

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to ascertain the differences in online reading habits between genders and investigate the relationship between socio-economic status and online reading habits. Using a questionnaire, a quantitative approach was administered to 240 Form-Four students from four secondary schools in Penang Island, Malaysia. Findings…

  5. Reading Habits of Senegalese Adults and College Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scales, Alice M.; Burley, JoAnne E.

    1984-01-01

    Discusses factors contributing to high level of illiteracy in Senegal. Reports on study of Senegalese reading habits--participants enjoy reading, read newspapers often, would like to read better, and would take reading improvement courses if they were offered. (CMG)

  6. Exploring the Relationship between Adolescent's Reading Skills, Reading Motivation and Reading Habits

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGeown, Sarah P.; Duncan, Lynne G.; Griffiths, Yvonne M.; Stothard, Sue E.

    2015-01-01

    The present study examines the extent to which adolescents' reading affect (reading motivation) and behaviour (reading habits) predict different components of reading (word reading, comprehension, summarisation and text reading speed) and also adds to the limited research examining group differences (gender, age, ability) in adolescents' reading

  7. Reading Habits of Adults in Egypt.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scales, Alice M.; Zikri, Lawrence B.

    Investigating the reading habits of adults in Egypt, East Africa, a study examined 294 Egyptians (233 males and 61 females) in post-secondary education in Cairo, and in the industrial cities of Shopra El-Khema, and Impapa, El-Giza. Marital status, sex, and occupation were used to group the subjects. Subjects completed a 29-item questionnaire…

  8. Reading Habits and Preferences of Secondary School Pupils in Greece.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sikiotis, N.

    1981-01-01

    Presents results of survey conducted to discover the reading habits and preferences of secondary school students in Greece. Results show a high percentage read a newspaper often and the number of books read per month is high. (BK)

  9. Reading Attitudes, Habits, Interests, and Motivations of the Elderly.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ngandu, Kathleen M.; O'Rourke, Bill

    To gather information about reading as it relates to older adults, 267 people, ranging in age from 60 to 93 years, were asked to complete questionnaires. Specific information elicited concerned reading habits, reading materials, time spent in reading daily, time spent watching television, reading interests, preferred television shows, and reading

  10. The Changing Reading Habits of the American Public.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robinson, John P.

    1980-01-01

    Presents a study of adult reading habits based on time use. Indicates a decline in daily newspaper readership, particularly in the past 10 years, but a revival in magazine and book reading for the same period. (JMF)

  11. Reading enjoyment amongst non-leisure readers can affect achievement in secondary school

    PubMed Central

    Mol, Suzanne E.; Jolles, Jelle

    2014-01-01

    This study aimed to evaluate determinants of differences in leisure reading behavior and school achievement. We specifically examined reading enjoyment, mental imagery, and sex as predictors in a large, age-homogeneous sample of Dutch secondary school students (N = 1,071). Results showed that the prevalence of leisure reading was low in both the lower, pre-vocational track (19.5%) and the higher, pre-academic track (32.5%). Boys read even less than girls. Almost all leisure readers enjoyed reading and engaged in mental imagery, i.e., the propensity “to see images” of a written story in the mind’s eye. Overall, boys who did not like to read for leisure had the poorest school performance. Non-leisure readers who reported that they enjoyed reading got higher school grades in the higher educational track. In the lower track, this was the case for girls. Our study findings imply that reading promotion programs should take into account individual differences in sex, achievement level, and reading enjoyment when aiming to decrease the academic achievement gap. PMID:25386154

  12. Reading Habits and Preferences of Deaf Students Beginning Postsecondary Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Braden, Jeffery P.

    1986-01-01

    Deaf students entering postsecondary programs were surveyed about their recreational reading habits and preferences. Responses showed that deaf students read, on the average, 10 books a year, 4.1 magazines a month, and 6.4 newspapers a week. It was concluded that recreational reading is relatively independent of reading achievement. (Author/CB)

  13. Reading Skills and Reading Habits: A Study of New Open University Undergraduate Reservees.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Datta, Saroj; Macdonald-Ross, Michael

    2002-01-01

    Describes the use of cloze procedures to investigate the reading skills and reading habits of Open University (United Kingdom) reservees (potential undergraduate students). Discusses correlations between reading habits and other student characteristics and identifying reservees at risk based on the results of cloze tests. (Author/LRW)

  14. Factors affecting the reading habits of secondary school students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. A. Ogunrombi; Gboyega Adio

    1995-01-01

    Surveys factors affecting the reading habits of secondary school students in Ogbomoso State in Nigeria and discusses the results. Highlights the following inhibiting factors: the family background of students where few homes are conducive to reading owing to noise and lack of reading materials; the lack of functional libraries in most of the schools surveyed and a similar lack of

  15. A Survey of Adult Reading Habits.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murphy, Kathleen

    A questionnaire was completed by 110 individuals between the ages of 18 and 65 in a study conducted to determine the primary reason why adults read. The results showed that informational reading was the main purpose for adult reading, but did not indicate a relationship between purpose for reading and socioeconomic status and educational level.…

  16. Adjusting Lecture Style to Accommodate Student Reading Habits

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Socash, Richard R.

    2007-01-01

    The reasons behind the reading habits of undergraduate MIS students were examined to learn from the students' point of view why many don't read the textbook. Willingness to work hard on homework and project assignments and an appreciation of what is expected of them appears to be in place. However, carrots, sticks, ruses and requests all meet with…

  17. The Reading Habits of Church Active Mormon Women.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Appleton, Marianne; Cranney, A. Garr

    Data from 149 female members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (LDS) were used to construct a composite of the reading habits and their relation to other characterisitics of this group. The typical respondent was a married woman between 26 and 40 years old who had attended college but remained at home to care for children under…

  18. Community Attachment as a Relative Determinant of Newspaper Reading Habits.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stephens, Lowndes F.

    In a survey of 940 adult residents of the metropolitan Columbia (South Carolina) area, sense of community attachment proved to be a more important determinant of newspaper reading habits than such demographic factors as age, years of residence in the community, socioeconomic status, family income, or attained level of education. The telephone…

  19. Do Reading Habits Influence Aesthetic Preferences?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Treiman, Rebecca; Allaith, Zainab

    2013-01-01

    We tested the idea that the directionality of a person's primary writing system has influences outside the domain of reading and writing, specifically influences on aesthetic preferences. The results of several previous studies suggest that people whose primary writing system goes from left to right prefer pictures of moving and static…

  20. Does reading keep you thin? Leisure activities, cultural tastes, and body weight in comparative perspective

    PubMed Central

    Pampel, Fred C.

    2011-01-01

    While sedentary leisure-time activities such as reading, going to movies, attending cultural events, attending sporting events, watching TV, listening to music, and socializing with friends would seem to contribute to excess weight, a perspective focusing on SES differences in cultural tastes suggests the opposite, that some sedentary activities are associated with lower rather than higher body weight. This study aims to test theories of cultural distinction by examining relationships between leisure-time activities and body weight. Using 2007 data on 17 nations from the International Social Survey Program, the analysis estimates relationships between the body mass index and varied leisure-time activities while controlling for SES, physical activities, and sociodemographic variables. Net of controls for SES and physical activities, participation time in cultural activities is associated with lower rather than higher body weight, particularly in high-income nations. The results suggest that both cultural activities and body weight reflect forms of distinction that separate SES-based lifestyles. PMID:21707664

  1. A Survey of Reading Habits with Suggested Instructional Strategies: Elderly Adults.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scales, Alice M.; Biggs, Shirley A.

    The reading habits of 49 elderly adults were surveyed, using the SERA inventory, to examine two hypotheses: there is no difference among elderly adults' perceptions of their reading habits as related to factors of reading skill, preference, physical functioning, attention span/concentration, and emotional well-being, and there are no significant…

  2. Print Exposure, Reading Habits, and Reading Achievement among Deaf and Hearing College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marschark, Marc; Sarchet, Thomastine; Convertino, Carol M.; Borgna, Georgianna; Morrison, Carolyn; Remelt, Sarah

    2012-01-01

    This study explored relations of print exposure, academic achievement, and reading habits among 100 deaf and 100 hearing college students. As in earlier studies, recognition tests for book titles and magazine titles were used as measures of print exposure, college entrance test scores were used as measures of academic achievement, and students…

  3. Reading Habits of Students in Adult Basic Education and High School Equivalency Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leonard, Rex; And Others

    A study was conducted to discern reading habits of adult basic education (ABE) and General Educational Development (GED) students in two Mississippi junior colleges. A sample of 217 students was administered a questionnaire about reading habits. The sample was studied as a whole and by the demographic variables of race, gender, age (14-19; 20-29;…

  4. SSR: Its Effects on Students' Reading Habits after They Complete the Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiesendanger, Katherine D.; Bader, Lois

    1989-01-01

    Studies the effect of sustained silent reading (SSR) on recreational reading habits after termination of instruction. Finds that SSR students read more than those not in the program, and that SSR has no impact on above average readers, great impact on average readers, and little impact on below average readers. (RS)

  5. Self-Perceptions and Reading Habits of Adolescents, College Students, and Adults.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anders, Patricia L.; Cardell, Douglas

    This study surveyed random samples of the junior high school, college, and adult population groups in Tucson, Arizona, for reading habits, self-perceived reading abilities, and the ability to retain information read in local newspapers. The survey data indicate that members of all three groups believe that they comprehend more than their peers,…

  6. Strategies to Overcome Negative Reading Habits of ABE Participants: A Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stanfel, Jane E.

    1996-01-01

    The author theorizes that her students, single-parent welfare recipients, develop negative reading habits to camouflage low literacy. She describes instructional strategies that fail to help and methods she found effective. (SK)

  7. The Relation Between Caregivers' Multiliterate Reading Habits and Their Children's Oral Health Status

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Caregivers’ oral health literacy (OHL) assessment results have been found to be related to their children’s oral health status. A further aspect of this relationship may be the role of caregivers’ reading habits. Objective Our goal was to describe the relationship between caregivers’ multimodal (digital and print) and multilingual (English and Chinese) reading habits, their OHL, and their child’s oral health status in Hong Kong. Methods A random sample of 301 child-caregiver dyads was recruited from kindergartens in Hong Kong. Data included sociodemographic information and caregivers’ self-reported digital print and reading habits across two languages (Chinese and English). Caregivers’ OHL levels were assessed by two locally developed and validated oral health literacy assessment tasks: Hong Kong Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Dentistry-30 (HKREALD-30) and the Hong Kong Oral Health Literacy Assessment Task for Pediatric Dentistry (HKOHLAT-P). Children’s oral health status was assessed using two measures: dental caries experience (number of decayed, missing, and filled teeth) and oral hygiene status (Visible Plaque Index). Results Bivariate variations revealed significant differences in mean OHL scores between caregivers with different reading habits (P<.01). Correlations revealed significant associations between caregivers’ practices of reading multimodal (print/digital) and multilingual (English/Chinese) texts, their literacy levels, and their children’s oral health status (P<.01). Adjusting for sociodemographics and all other reading habits in the regression analysis, the caregivers' habit of reading digital and print texts was significantly retained in the final model. Regression analysis revealed significant associations between caregivers’ reading habits (digital Chinese) and their OHL word recognition scores: OR 5.00, 95% CI 1.10-3.65, P=.027. Significant associations were also evident for their OHL comprehension scores (digital Chinese: OR 2.30, 95% CI 1.30-4.20, P=.004; print Chinese: OR 2.50, 95% CI 1.40-4.30, P=.001). However, no significant associations were found between caregivers' reading habits and child’s oral health status (P>.05). Conclusions Caregivers’ habits of reading print and digital Chinese texts are significantly associated with their OHL scores. Their reading habits, however, do not affect their children’s oral health status. PMID:25236188

  8. Reading Interests and Habits of Connecticut Students in Grades Four through Twelve.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gallo, Donald R.

    Drawing from data obtained from a two-page student questionnaire mailed to a number of Connecticut English and reading teachers in all types of schools, this paper reports on the reading interests and habits of students in grades four through twelve. Usable responses were received from 3,339 students from 51 schools in 37 different towns and…

  9. Reading Habits of Elderly Adults: Implications for Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scales, Alice M.; Biggs, Shirley A.

    1987-01-01

    Elderly adults responded to the Survey of Elderly Reading Attitudes instrument. Most felt they had time to read, more married than single subjects reported buying magazines and daily newspapers, and more females than males reported reading advertisements without difficulty. (Author/KS)

  10. Voicing Resistance: Adolescent Boys and the Cultural Practice of Leisure Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamston, Julie; Love, Kristina

    2005-01-01

    This article describes a theoretically informed methodology for eliciting the voices of adolescent boys identified by their teachers and parents as reluctant leisure time readers. Similar methods have also been used to draw out the voices of the boys' parents to understand their efforts to guide and maintain their sons' literacy practices, within…

  11. Reading Habits, Perceptual Learning, and Recognition of Printed Words

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nazir, Tatjana A.; Ben-Boutayab, Nadia; Decoppet, Nathalie; Deutsch, Avital; Frost, Ram

    2004-01-01

    The present work aims at demonstrating that visual training associated with the act of reading modifies the way we perceive printed words. As reading does not train all parts of the retina in the same way but favors regions on the side in the direction of scanning, visual word recognition should be better at retinal locations that are frequently…

  12. Pursuit of Leisure Reading and Interest in Watching the Night-Sky: Relationship between Reading for Pleasure and Noctcaelador

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelly, William E.; Daughtry, Don

    2006-01-01

    This study explored the relationship between reading for pleasure and noctcaelador (strong interest in, and psychological attachment to, the night sky). University students (N = 185) completed measures of reading for pleasure and noctcaelador. Age was significantly correlated with both reading for pleasure and noctcaelador. Reading for pleasure…

  13. The Reading Habits and Literacy Attitudes of Inservice and Prospective Teachers: Results of a Questionnaire Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nathanson, Steven; Pruslow, John; Levitt, Roberta

    2008-01-01

    This article describes a questionnaire survey of 747 students enrolled in a graduate school of education, who are currently teachers or prospective teachers. The Literacy Habits Questionnaire, developed by Applegate and Applegate, was administered in September 2006. Findings suggest a high prevalence of aliteracy, the ability to read but a…

  14. The Newspaper in Education Program: Types of Activities and Later Reading Habits.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wanta, Wayne; Brierton, Patricia

    A study compared types of activities associated with the Newspaper in Education (NIE) program with current newspaper reading habits through a survey of 263 respondents under the age of 40 who took part in an NIE program during their school days. Results of the telephone survey indicated that participation in NIE and length of participation were…

  15. Student Academic Reading Preferences: A Study of Online Reading Habits and Inclinations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Podolsky, Tim; Soiferman, Karen

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore student preferences regarding reading print materials or online reading materials for academic purposes, as well as to examine how students adapt traditional reading strategies such as underlining, highlighting, and taking marginal notes when reading electronic texts. A total of 61 participants (32…

  16. The Effects of Weekly, Sustained Silent Reading Time on Recreational Reading Habits and Attitudes in a 9th Grade English Class.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kirby, Mary C.

    Sustained Silent Reading (SSR) has been around in various forms for over 40 years. While this subject has received much study in elementary schools, the influence of SSR on typical, non-at-risk high school students' reading habits appears to be lacking. The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of SSR on ninth grade students' recreational…

  17. The Professional Reading Habits of Senior Housing Officers at ACUHO-I Member Institutions in the Great Lakes Region

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Dell, Kyle

    2009-01-01

    This study examined the professional reading habits of Senior Housing Officers (SHOs) at ACUHO-I member institutions in the Great Lakes region, which encompasses the states of Ohio, Michigan, Illinois, and Indiana. The findings were based on data from the survey responses of SHOs at 71 colleges and universities across the Great Lakes region of the…

  18. Book Reading, Borrowing and Buying Habits (Eighteenth Congress, Amsterdam, the Netherlands, June 9-15 1968). Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brink, R. E. M. van den

    Investigation into the book buying, reading and borrowing habits is in many countries still in its infancy. Furthermore it is not yet possible to link up scientifically the socio-economic factors and market behavior. However it is justifiable to take the following principles: (1) the standard of economic development of a country determines the…

  19. The Non-Fiction Reading Habits of Young Successful Boy Readers: Forming Connections between Masculinity and Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Susannah

    2004-01-01

    The reading experiences of six young successful boy readers were studied over a two-year period. In this article, their non-fiction reading is analysed and ways in which the boys make positive connections between masculinity and reading are identified. The boys' non-fiction reading centres on typical boy interest areas and hobbies (for example,…

  20. De la lecture a l'ecriture, ou la reussite en francais ecrit des eleves de cinquieme secondaire et leurs habitudes de lecture (From Reading to Writing, or The Success in Written French of Fifth-Year Secondary School Students and Their Reading Habits).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gelinas, Rene

    A study investigated the relationship between reading habits and writing skills in French of 223 Canadian secondary school students. Students were surveyed concerning their demographic characteristics, attitudes about learning and reading, recreational activities, and reading habits and reading materials. Writing skills were evaluated using a…

  1. Children's and Young People's Reading Habits and Preferences: The Who, What, Why, Where and When

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Christina; Foster, Amelia

    2005-01-01

    This report, based on a recent survey of over 8,000 primary and secondary pupils in England, explores why some pupils choose to read and others do not. The research literature shows that reading for pleasure benefits children in numerous ways. Yet, research also shows that young people's reading enjoyment may be declining. Given current political…

  2. Extracurricular Reading Habits of College Students in Taiwan: Findings from Two National Surveys

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Su-Yen

    2007-01-01

    The Chinese people have great regard for those who read widely, yet little is known of the extracurricular reading behaviors of Chinese students. This study drew on data from two national surveys to investigate the amount of time Taiwanese college students spend on extracurricular reading. Findings are interpreted in relation to prior research on…

  3. Adolescent Leisure across European Nations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flammer, August; Schaffner, Brigitta

    2003-01-01

    Examined variations in adolescent time use within Europe and their relation to culture, focusing on organization of free time, most frequent leisure activities, and resulting emotional states. Found that European adolescents spent free time in a range of activities, including electronic media, computer games, playing musical instruments, reading,…

  4. Listening and Reading Comprehension at Story Time: How to Build Habits of the Mind

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Mary Ruth; Hall, Susan

    2012-01-01

    Understanding a story is an active process, whether children have listened to it being read aloud or, when they are older and read it for themselves. When children grasp a story, they (1) attend to what is important; (2) anticipate what is to come; and (3) build meaningful patterns from the many details. These active interactions with a story can…

  5. Reading Habits of Third-Year Medical Students during an Integrated Endocrinology Course.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Friedberg, Mark; Mahanaimi, David; Lev-Zion, Rafael; Sidi, Aviel; Glick, Shimon

    1998-01-01

    Independent reading by medical students beyond formal classroom activities is considered central to medical education. This study examines self-directed study among third-year students in a six-year medical program. Students averaged 151 minutes daily on independent study using lecture notes, textbooks, and reading articles. Suggests ways to…

  6. "Manga" Literacy: Popular Culture and the Reading Habits of Japanese College Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Kate; Ingulsrud, John E.

    2003-01-01

    Notes that "manga"--Japanese comics--constitute the most popular kind of reading material in Japan. Discusses the skills needed to read manga. Surveys 297 Japanese college students. Suggests that many manga readers can be considered engaged readers as they are highly motivated and have developed a range of strategies to help them understand texts.…

  7. Leisure Activities of University College Staff

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Biernat, Elzbieta; Roguski, Karol

    2009-01-01

    Study aim: To determine the participation of academic teachers in leisure activities for that group contribute to shaping habits of a large percentage of young people. Material and methods: A group of 52 staff members (about 30%) of a private university college, aged 25-70 years, were interviewed with respect to their participation in sports,…

  8. Inquiry into Urban Adolescent Independent Reading Habits: Can Gee's Theory of Discourses Provide Insight?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knoester, Matthew

    2009-01-01

    This study explores connections among adolescent engagement with reading, peer relationships, and identity development. The author chose and interviewed 10 of his former students, their parents, and the students' current teachers, and analyzed themes, drawing on Gee's theory of primary and secondary Discourses. The case studies illustrate how…

  9. The Peter Effect Revisited: Reading Habits and Attitudes of College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Applegate, Anthony J.; Applegate, Mary DeKonty; Mercantini, Martha A.; McGeehan, Catherine M.; Cobb, Jeanne B.; DeBoy, Joanne R.; Modla, Virginia B.; Lewinski, Kimberly E.

    2014-01-01

    Certainly a primary goal of literacy education is the creation of avid, enthusiastic, and highly motivated readers. However, in this article revisiting the Peter Effect (Applegate & Applegate, 2004), researchers surveyed more than 1,000 college sophomores and found strikingly low levels of enthusiasm for reading. Only 46.6% of surveyed…

  10. of Great Reads Collection (leisure

    E-print Network

    Ollivier-Gooch, Carl

    System (ASRS), or "library robot," can fetch books in as little as two minutes. Holding almost two Repository ­ managed by UBC Library ­ showcases the research and teaching materials created by the UBC with ubc library www.library.ubc.ca A DAy in the Life At UBC LiBrAry 16,687 visits to the Hours & Locations

  11. Casual leisure: a conceptual statement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert A. Stebbins

    1997-01-01

    Since 1982, the year the serious leisure perspective was first set out, the concept of casual leisure has served mostly as a foil for sharpening understanding of that framework. Yet casual leisure is a distinctive activity in itself and an important part of the contemporary leisure scene, suggesting that it, too, should be conceptually elaborated just as serious leisure was

  12. AT YOUR LEISURE: ASSESSING EBOOK READER

    E-print Network

    Blandford, Ann

    AT YOUR LEISURE: ASSESSING EBOOK READER FUNCTIONALITY AND INTERACTIVITY by LISA MARY MOORE Project and Lola for keeping me company and to Chouli for keeping watch. #12;iii A B S T R A C T Ebooks computers to mobile phones. In the past few years, dedicated devices for reading these ebooks have moved

  13. Integrated Leisure and Recreation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schleien, Stuart, Ed.; Rynders, John, Ed.

    1989-01-01

    This "feature issue" focuses on integrated leisure and recreation for developmentally disabled persons and includes descriptions of innovative leisure/recreation programs which allow the realization of the concepts of normalization and least restrictive environment. Brief articles include the following titles and authors: "Challenging the…

  14. Sociodemographic determinants of leisure participation among elderly in Malaysia.

    PubMed

    Minhat, Halimatus Sakdiah; Mohd Amin, Rahmah

    2012-08-01

    Leisure participation has been proven to be beneficial and has a positive link to successful ageing. This study aims to explore the sociodemographic determinants of leisure participation among the Malaysian elderly. A cross-sectional study was conducted among persons aged 60 years and above, purposively selected from eight health clinics in the state of Selangor. Leisure participation was measured using a validated Leisure Participation Questionnaire specific for Malaysian elderly, consisting of 25 activities, categorized into 4 categories, namely recreational (physical), cognitive, social and productive. Frequency of such participation was measured on a 6-point scale. Its association with sociodemographic variables was examined using inferential and regression analysis. 268 participants were involved in this study (response rate = 100%). The most common daily leisure activities were having conversations while relaxing (78.7%), watching television (74.6%) and reading (63.4%). The least frequently done leisure activities were from the recreational and cognitive categories. The activities were weakly correlated to each other, reflecting the lack of diversity of leisure activities among respondents. Education was the main predictor for leisure participation among elderly, with higher educational level is associated with high RAS (B = 1.020, P < 0.05), CAS (B = 1.580, P < 0.05) and SAS (B = 1.276, P < 0.05). Education level, marital status and locality were important determinants of leisure participation among elderly, with education being the main predictor. Further studies exploring the effective method of educating the ageing society are recommended. PMID:22160659

  15. Leisure Today--Managing Leisure Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edginton, Christopher R., Ed.; And Others

    1982-01-01

    A series of 12 articles on managing leisure services focuses on the aspects of: (1) cooperative goal structuring; (2) management by objectives; (3) designing organizational charts; (4) labor relations; (5) cost effectiveness analysis; (6) fund accounting; (7) employee selection; (8) developing a marketing strategy; and (9) equitable distribution…

  16. Leisure: the importance of being inconsequential

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ken Roberts

    2011-01-01

    This paper argues that by focusing on ‘little leisures’ (sport, tourism and so on, leisure that is serious or casual, or leisure that produces ‘flow’, or on the specifics of the leisure of selected socio?demographic groups), leisure studies lose sight of the truly consequential outcomes from leisure. It is argued that explaining the ways in which leisure as a whole

  17. Read Aloud.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Egawa, Kathy; Katahira, Jenifer

    2000-01-01

    Suggests that reading aloud: incorporates into any language program, is cost effective, requires little preparation, develops listening habits, builds language skills, aids reading comprehension, and impacts students' attitudes toward reading. Lists 15 books that are good to read aloud for K-1, 14 books for grades 2-3, and 13 books good for…

  18. Changing circumstances, disrupting habits.

    PubMed

    Wood, Wendy; Witt, Melissa Guerrero; Tam, Leona

    2005-06-01

    The present research investigated the mechanisms guiding habitual behavior, specifically, the stimulus cues that trigger habit performance. When usual contexts for performance change, habits cannot be cued by recurring stimuli, and performance should be disrupted. Thus, the exercising, newspaper reading, and TV watching habits of students transferring to a new university were found to survive the transfer only when aspects of the performance context did not change (e.g., participants continued to read the paper with others). In some cases, the disruption in habits also placed behavior under intentional control so that participants acted on their current intentions. Changes in circumstances also affected the favorability of intentions, but changes in intentions alone could not explain the disruption of habits. Furthermore, regardless of whether contexts changed, nonhabitual behavior was guided by intentions. PMID:15982113

  19. Effective Methods of Promoting Reading Habits in Asia and the Pacific: Report of the Training Course on Book Production in Asia and the Pacific (22nd, Tokyo, Japan, November 17-December 5, 1989).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Asian Cultural Centre for UNESCO, Tokyo (Japan).

    The results of a course held in response to requests from the member states of UNESCO, this report presents the abridged content of lectures, discussions, and observation visits concerning the methods and experiences of the 19 participants in promoting reading habits in 16 Asian and Pacific countries. The report notes that one of the key issues in…

  20. Leisure and Recreation in Kuwait.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Behbehan, Khalifa; Hashem, Jawad

    1996-01-01

    Recent rapid economic and social development has brought more sophisticated leisure-based activities to a wide sector of Kuwait society. This article examines the development of leisure activities, and factors that affect recreation participation by Kuwait's population, noting the relationship between leisure and the government, education, the…

  1. Health and Leisure: Inextricably Linked.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wankel, Leonard M.

    1994-01-01

    What individuals do during leisure time significantly affects illness, disease, and longevity. Leisure studies and services can offer much to the understanding of health and the provision of health services. The article notes that the tendency to separate leisure and health within the physical education and recreation curricula is dysfunctional.…

  2. Leisure Today: Tourism.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howard, Dennis, Ed.; And Others

    1983-01-01

    Eleven articles explore a broad range of issues relating to tourism and the leisure profession, including: (1) need for social science research on tourism; (2) economic and population trends; (3) federal legislation and programs to encourage tourism from abroad; (4) tourism education; (5) marketing aproaches and strategies; and (6) studies of…

  3. Rural Youth and Leisure.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weber, Barbara

    A synthesis of Polish research and research methodology (1965-75) re: leisure time and rural youth reveals methodological differences and research results with implications for the future of rural youth. In the order of their popularity, the major Polish research methods are: inquiry; the memorialist approach; a combination of inquiry and free…

  4. COMIT: The Leisure Experience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Avedon, E. M.; Stewart, T. O.

    This paper describes the use of an automated interactive teaching system for the teaching of a survey course in recreation which examines the phenomenon of leisure from a range of disciplinary perspectives including history, anthropology, archeology, philosophy, religion, economics, sociology, political science, psychology, planning, geography,…

  5. Leisure Participation and Enjoyment among the Elderly: Individual Characteristics and Sociability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Su-Yen; Fu, Yang-Chih

    2008-01-01

    Using data from a national survey of adults in Taiwan, this study explored how often older adults participate in and how much they enjoy 2 mostly-solitary leisure activities (reading books and watching TV/DVDs/videos) and 2 mostly-social leisure activities (socializing with friends and engaging in physical activities). According to ordinal…

  6. Probe into the Elements of Leisure Sports Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li, Kaixian; Gao, Qun

    2008-01-01

    This paper probes into the basic elements of leisure sports practice by referencing literature materials and logic analyses. Studies show that leisure sports practice consists of six elements, including leisure sports ideas, leisure sports environment, leisure sports time, leisure sports activity, leisure sports skill, and leisure sports state.…

  7. Dimensions of Student Interest in Reading Newspapers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jeffres, Leo W.; Atkin, David J.

    1996-01-01

    Assesses dimensions of interest of college students for leisure reading, focusing on the influence of media use, non-media leisure, and academic major on newspaper content preferences. Finds a correlation between age and newspaper readership, confirming prior studies. Cautions that students may regard reading the newspaper as "work." (PA)

  8. Leisure Today. Issues in Correctional Recreation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCall, Gail E., Ed.; And Others

    1981-01-01

    This series on correctional recreation includes articles on: leisure therapy; treatment teams; rehabilitation; legislation; vocational implications of leisure; and women's correctional recreation services. (CJ)

  9. and Leisure Undergraduate Brochure 2007

    E-print Network

    Sattler, Ulrike

    and Leisure at Manchester 4 The University of Manchester 6 Programme details 8 Our entry requirements 9 Where details Management and Leisure School of Education The University of Manchester Oxford Road Manchester M13.ac.uk www.manchester.ac.uk/undergraduate 1 CONTENTS The University is big enough and compact enough to give

  10. Leisure Education: Theory and Practice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mundy, Jean; Odum, Linda

    This book serves to provide a philosophical underpinning and overview of leisure education as well as an emphasis upon the approaches and strategies that can be utilized in enabling people to enhance the quality of their own lives in leisure. (Authors)

  11. Listening for a Leisure Remix

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Karen M. Fox; Elizabeth Klaiber

    2006-01-01

    The traditional historical meta-narratives around leisure have focused on one Greek concept, ?XO?H, translated as schole and connected to the Latin (licentia) and English words. Direct lines were drawn from an interpretation of this Greek word in particular contexts to the current privileged leisure ideal first in Europe and the United Kingdom and then in North America. The complex history

  12. Women and the Dialectic of Leisure.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henderson, Karla A.

    A study explored the perceptions and attitudes that 96 Wisconsin women (age range 18-95; average age 34) held toward leisure. Subjects were interviewed personally by members of a University of Wisconsin (Madison) class on "Women and Leisure," using parts of the Leisure Attitudes Inventory concerning three factors: society's role in leisure

  13. Exclusive discourses: leisure studies and disability

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cara Aitchison

    2009-01-01

    This article presents an outline of a thesis concerning the ways in which the discourse of leisure studies has become ‘disabled by definition’. Through a failure to engage adequately with disability studies, disability politics and disabled people as both leisure participants and leisure theorists, the subject field of leisure studies has been unable to develop a coherent body of knowledge

  14. Work and Leisure in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, David

    2012-01-01

    Higher education is commonly described as offering combinations of work and leisure, but the implied relationship is often limited. Different conceptions of leisure, especially leisure as pleasurable experience, raise new possibilities for seeing academic activity itself as leisure in several important senses. The importance of identifying…

  15. Prediction of leisure-time exercise behavior: A path analysis (LISREL V) model

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gaston Godin; Pierre Valois; Roy J. Shephard; Raymond Desharnais

    1987-01-01

    In an attempt to understand the inherent process underlying the regular practice of physical activity, the relationships among subjective norm, attitude, habit, intention, and future behaviors have been investigated in a random sample of 136 University of Toronto employees. For this purpose, leisure-time exercise behavior was measured on two occasions after a statement of intentions had been obtained: (1) 3

  16. Bringing Identity Theory into Leisure 

    E-print Network

    Jun, Jinhee

    2010-01-14

    leisure and the roles that accompany other identities compete for limited resources (Stebbins, 1979). The realization of this conflict gives rise to the experience of constraints to leisure and the perception of limited available resources to negotiate...). The notion of side bets being an underlying mechanism for sociological commitment is captured in the process of self-verification. Since self-verification occurs during interaction with others (Swann, 1987; Swann, Pelham & Krull, 1989; Stebbins, 1992...

  17. Old Habits Die Hard: Literacy Practices of Pre-Service Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gupta, Renu

    2004-01-01

    Reading methodology in pre-service teacher training may not be effective because of the literacy beliefs and practices of the trainees. This paper examines the reading practices of a group of pre-service teachers (n=29) in Singapore. Their personal approach to reading revealed that the majority split reading into two domains: leisure reading and…

  18. Habitable Trinity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dohm, J. M.; Maruyama, S.

    2013-12-01

    We propose a new concept of a habitable environment in the search for life beyond Earth that goes beyond the follow-the-water paradigm, newly named Habitable Trinity. Habitable Trinity is the coexistence of an atmosphere (consisting largely of C and N), an ocean (H and O), and a landmass (supplier of nutrients). It is the minimum requirement for the beginning of life to satisfy (1) formation of membrane, (2) metabolism, and (3) self-replication as we know it. A habitable planet, which has largely been defined as having an adequate climate, a sufficient atmosphere, and the presence of liquid water on its surface, is insufficient to meet the requirements to bear life. Also, material circulation driven by the Sun must be maintained with Habitable Trinity to continue the supply of elements necessary to sustain organic radical reactions that is the basis of life. The Sun is the major engine that links the three components primarily through hydrological cycling, including weathering, erosion, and transport of nutrient-enriched landmass materials to the ocean via far-reaching river systems. Habitable Trinity can be applied to other planets and moons to discuss the presence of extraterrestrial life. Mars is considered to be the best target to test the hypothesis of whether life exists elsewhere in our solar system, as it records an ancient Habitable Trinity (i.e., lakes and oceans which interacted with a landmass (cratered southern highlands) and an atmosphere). Other terrestrial planets, as well as satellites of the gaseous giants such as Europa and Titan, have little chance to harbor life as we know it because they lack Habitable Trinity. Going beyond 'the-follow-the-water-approach', the Habitable-Trinity concept provides an index in the quest for life-containing planetary bodies beyond our solar system as the reconnaissance systems become increasingly autonomous and at higher resolution, affording greater perspective during this golden age of international and interdisciplinary exploration and discovery.

  19. 1968 Review of Research on College-Adult Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bliesmer, Emery P.

    One hundred seventy-nine research reports on college and adult reading are reviewed under five major headings: (1) programs; (2) reading, study, and related habits, traits and skills; (3) influence of reading, study, and related habits and skills; (4) factors influencing reading and other study habits and skills; and (5) testing, readability,…

  20. A Social Science Bibliography of Leisure and Recreation Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burdge, Rabel J.; And Others

    This bibliography provides an accessible source to social science research in leisure, recreation, and sports. Topical areas covered include: (1) bibliographic sources on leisure and recreation; (2) philosophical issues in leisure; (3) theories of leisure and recreation; (4) methods in leisure and recreation research; (5) evaluation of leisure and…

  1. Linking School Libraries and Literacy: Young People's Reading Habits and Attitudes to Their School Library, and an Exploration of the Relationship between School Library Use and School Attainment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Christina

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents additional information from the authors' 2009 survey of young people's reading and writing--for more information see their forthcoming report Clark and Douglas (2010) "Young People's Reading and Writing: An in-depth study focusing on enjoyment, behaviour, attitudes and attainment." To support the School Library Commission's…

  2. Mobility and Reading Habits of the Blind; An Inquiry Made for the Ministry of Health, Covering the Registered Blind of England and Wales in 1965. Government Social Survey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gray, P.G.; Todd, Jean E.

    A random sample of registered blind people in England and Wales (5% of those aged 16 to 65 and 1.7% of those aged 65 to 79) was interviewed in 1965 regarding mobility, orientation, and reading. Data included age, age when blindness occurred, sex, residual sight for mobility, residual sight for reading, other disabilities, and ability to walk…

  3. Public Libraries and Literacy: Young People's Reading Habits and Attitudes to Public Libraries, and an Exploration of the Relationship between Public Library Use and School Attainment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Christina; Hawkins, Lucy

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents additional information from the 2009 survey of young people's reading and writing. The authors conducted an online survey of 17,089 pupils aged 8 to 16 from 112 schools, conducted in November-December 2009, which consisted of 32 questions exploring young people's background, reading and writing behaviour, perceived ability and…

  4. Typology of Leisure of Rural People.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tapilina, Vera Sergeevna

    Utilizing data from a 1972 sociological survey of rural inhabitants working in the public economy of the province of Novosibirsk, this study examined leisure as an element of the residents' life style. Rural residents with common leisure behaviors were identified through the classification of the behavior's function and quality. Leisure functions…

  5. Freedom and Enjoyment: Disentangling Perceived Leisure.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roadburg, Alan

    1983-01-01

    The relationship between work and leisure was examined to explain why an activity can be work to one person and leisure to another and why an activity can be leisure at one time and work at another. Attitudes of professional and amateur soccer players and gardeners were studied to form hypotheses. (PP)

  6. Leisure Role of Public Libraries: User Views

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayes, Emma; Morris, Anne

    2005-01-01

    This is the second of two articles examining the leisure role of public libraries. The first article examined the leisure role of public libraries in the UK from a historical perspective. This examines the value of the public library service in providing leisure opportunities from a user point of view. The results demonstrate that public libraries…

  7. Jane Addams: Leisure Services Pioneer.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henderson, Karla A.

    1982-01-01

    Jane Addams, founder of Hull House and proponent of cultural and physical recreation programs, contributed greatly to current recreation and leisure time programs. Her contributions include: (1) a view that recreation programs could organize and structure social life; (2) a recreation philosophy that proposed to unite urbanites and to express…

  8. Leisure. No Enemy but Ignorance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neal, Larry L., Ed.

    The five lectures reprinted in this monograph were presented at the past five national conventions of the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance. They offer messages concerning future needs and goals to leisure professionals and students seeking entry into the field. Part I contains: (1) "The Mild Blue…

  9. Studenters fritids--och motionsvanor i Umea och Madison. Ett bidrag till forstaelsen av Pierre Bourdieus vetenskapliga metodologi. Akademiska avhanlingar, Pedagogiska institutionen Nr. 58 (Leisure and Exercise Habits among Students in Umea and Madison. A Contribution to the Understanding of Pierre Bourdieu's Scientific Methodology. Academic Dissertation, Faculty of Social Sciences No. 58).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lofgren, Kent

    This study, presented in Swedish with an English summary, analyzed differences between student groups at Umea University, Sweden, and the University of Wisconsin-Madison in terms of study situations, experiences of the university environment, exercise and sports activities, and the connections between study and leisure time activities. The study…

  10. "Capture Silk": Reading Aloud Together.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Patricia

    1993-01-01

    Considers the benefits and impact that come from reading texts aloud with other persons. Provides a plan by which partners can read books together aloud. Claims that this is a vital and habit-forming activity. (HB)

  11. Spectral Fingerprints of Habitability

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaltenegger, L.; Selsis, F.

    2010-01-01

    The emerging field of extrasolar planet search has shown an extraordinary ability to combine research by astrophysics, chemistry, biology and geophysics into a new and exciting interdisciplinary approach to understand our place in the universe. Are there other worlds like ours? How can we characterize those planets and assess if they are habitable? After a decade rich in giant exoplanet detections, observation techniques have now reached the ability to find planets of less than 10 M_Earth (so called Super-Earths) that may potentially be habitable. The detection and characterization of Earth-like planet is approaching rapidly with dedicated space observatories already in operation (Corot) or in development phase (Kepler, James Webb Space Telescope, Extremely Large Telescope (ELT), Darwin/TPF). Space missions like CoRoT (CNES, Rouan et al. 1998) and Kepler (NASA, Borucki et al. 1997) will give us statistics on the number, size, period and orbital distance of planets, extending to terrestrial planets on the lower mass range end as a first step, while missions like Darwin/TPF are designed to characterize their atmospheres. In this chapter we discuss how we can read a planet's spectral fingerprint and characterize if it is potentially habitable. We discuss the first steps to detect a habitable planet and set biomarker detection in context in Section 1. In Section 2 we focus on biomarkers, their signatures at different wavelengths, abiotic sources and cryptic photosynthesis - using Earth as our primary example - the only habitable planet we know of so far. Section 3 concentrates on planets around different stars, and Section 4 summarizes the chapter.

  12. Onset of Smoking Behaviors and Participation in Leisure Physical Activities of Turkish Adolescents Attending Vocational Health Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Subasi, Feryal; Hey, William; Mumcu, Gonca; Koksal, Leyla; Luleci, Emel; Sur, Haydar

    2006-01-01

    This cross-sectional study was conducted with the aim of examining the relationships between smoking behavior and leisure physical activity habits of adolescents (n=170, 85F & 85M, mean age= 15.42 [plus or minus] 0.58, age range=15-17 years) attending vocational health schools in Turkey. Participants were randomly selected from four provinces of…

  13. Reading Interests of Gifted Secondary School Writers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sullivan, Emilie P.; Donoho, Grace E.

    A study investigated the relationship between reading and the writings of gifted secondary school writers, especially their developmental reading interests, leisure reading selections, and the influence of others on their literary choices. Subjects, 79 students from rural and urban Arkansas schools were participating in a gifted writers'…

  14. Bringing Identity Theory into Leisure

    E-print Network

    Jun, Jinhee

    2010-01-14

    of an identity on individuals? behavior has received considerable attention in social and behavioral sciences cutting across disciplines from psychoanalysis and psychology to political science and sociology (Burke, Owen, Serpe, & Thoits, 2003). According... diverse range of individual behavior in the social and behavioral sciences (e.g., psychoanalysis, psychology, political science, sociology, and history). In the context of leisure research, identity is more often alluded to through researchers? use...

  15. Life satisfaction and leisure activities during men's retirement: A Turkish sample

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. ?ener; R. G. Terzio?lu; E. Karabulut

    2007-01-01

    This study was planned and carried out as a pilot study to determine the life satisfaction of men from the Official Social Security Institutions in Turkey (n?=?231). The Life Satisfaction Index was used as the measure. Among this group of retired men, the most popular leisure activities were audio-visual and reading. The strongest predictor of life satisfaction was the frequency

  16. Popular Reading Collections in Public University Libraries: A Survey of Three Southeastern States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sanders, Mark

    2009-01-01

    Offering a separate, popular reading collection can be a valuable public service in academic libraries. Popular reading is also known as leisure reading, recreational reading, and reading for pleasure. These phrases are synonyms for an interest in reading bestsellers, mysteries, romance novels, biographies, graphic novels, humor, self-help, or…

  17. The Effects of Television Viewing on Reading Behavior.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neuman, Susan B.

    A study examined the relationship between television viewing and reading behavior within a sample of 198 fourth, fifth, and sixth grade students: specifically, whether the amount and specific content of television being viewed affected reading achievement and leisure reading patterns. Intelligence and reading achievement scores of each participant…

  18. The Value of Reading and the Effectiveness of Sustained Silent Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Siah, Poh-Chua; Kwok, Wai-Ling

    2010-01-01

    In this article, we explore the association between students' value of reading and their behavior during a sustained silent reading (SSR) period, and their attitudes toward SSR and reading leisure books. 362 secondary students participated in this study and data were collected by means of a questionnaire. The results showed that more students in…

  19. Factors Influencing the Reading Status of Inner-City, African-American Children. Perspectives in Reading Research No. 8.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Ruby; Mixon, Gloria A.

    This paper addresses the study of children's reading interests and their attitudes toward reading as these factors relate to leisure-time reading. The problem of poor performances on measures of reading achievement by African-American children from low-income families has been studied for over 3 decades. Additionally, sociocultural and…

  20. Management Factors of Women in Leisure Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stefanics, Elizabeth T.

    A study investigated past socialization processes that affected particular women's career choices and career mobility in the leisure services field. The study's purposes were: (1) to ascertain the presence of management-related success socialization factors in current female professionals and female students in the leisure services field within…

  1. Within Family Leisure Attitude Similarities and Differences.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neulinger, John; And Others

    This study explores leisure attitudes within the family, specifically addressing itself to three primary questions: (1) Will leisure attitudes of children be "at the same level" as those of their parents?; (2) Will the children's attitudes relate significantly to their parent's attitudes?; and (3) Will the answers to these questions be the same…

  2. Family Caregivers and Leisure: An Oxymoron?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bedini, Leandra A.

    2002-01-01

    Describes recent research findings which verify that the loss of leisure for caregivers relates to stress and health problems, discussing what parks and recreation professionals can do to help family caregivers lead balanced lives and examining psychological and physical effects of caregiving, caregivers' lack of leisure, the relationship between…

  3. Employment of Handicapped People in Leisure Occupations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Compton, David M.; Vinton, Dennis A.

    In response to the need for up-to-date information on employment opportunities for handicapped people in the leisure occupations, a national survey was conducted to determine both existing levels of employment and employer practices. The survey was sent to 500 agencies and businesses representing four leisure occupational subclusters: travel,…

  4. LEISURE ACTIVITIES AS PREDICTORS OF GIFTEDNESS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eva Gefferth; Maria Herskovits

    1991-01-01

    The investigation of leisure time activities through lifespan analysis has revealed the importance of such activities in the prediction of later life achievements and creative products. They may be more reliable predictors of future performance than IQs, creativity test scores or school achievement. In the present paper creative leisure time activities are considered to be creative products. A total of

  5. Science Learning in a Leisure Setting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Falk, John H.; Storksdieck, Martin

    2010-01-01

    Most people visit a science center in order to satisfy specific leisure-related needs; needs which may or may not actually include science learning. Falk proposed that an individual's identity-related motivations provide a useful lens through which to understand adult free-choice science learning in leisure settings. Over a 3-year period the…

  6. Sleep Habits and Diabetes

    MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

    ... news/Sleep_Habits_040215.html Sleep Habits and Diabetes HealthDay News Video - April 2, 2015 To use ... please enable JavaScript. Play video: Sleep Habits and Diabetes For closed captioning, click the CC button on ...

  7. Uninterrupted Sustained Silent Reading.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meyers, Rick

    A study investigated the effect Sustained Silent Reading (SSR) has had on literacy at Estancia High School in California which recently implemented an SSR program. It also examined the role SSR has on language development, comprehension, vocabulary, student attitudes, and its corollary consequence on the development of reading habits. A survey of…

  8. 1967 REVIEW OF RESEARCH IN COLLEGE-ADULT READING.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    BLIESMER, EMERY P.

    A REVIEW OF 124 ARTICLES PERTAINING TO COLLEGE AND ADULT READING WHICH APPEARED IN THE PERIODICAL LITERATURE IS PRESENTED. THE ARTICLES ARE TREATED WITHIN THE FOLLOWING AREAS--(1) PROGRAMS, INCLUDING READING AND STUDY HABITS, TRAITS, AND SKILLS, (2) THE INFLUENCE OF READING, STUDY HABITS, AND SKILLS, (3) THE FACTORS INFLUENCING READING AND OTHER…

  9. The Development of Adult Leisure Behaviors: An Exploratory Inquiry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ray, Robert O.

    Although research has identified leisure as a significant factor of individual well-being in different stages of adult life, there is little insight into how leisure behaviors and attitudes are acquired. A cross-sectional sample of 300 rural adults was interviewed. Leisure attitudes were assessed on a leisure ethic scale, and well-being was…

  10. Reading Rainbow Study. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    NFO Research, Inc.

    A study was conducted to determine the reading habits and attitudes of parents and their children and to determine parents' familiarity with Reading Rainbow (a television program intended to stimulate young children's interest in reading for pleasure) and their attitudes toward the program. A total of 707 questionnaires were completed by parents…

  11. Rekindle the Love of Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Isero, Mark

    2014-01-01

    This author describes a reading project using Kindles that was designed to increase the reading habits of 9th graders. With a selection of 500 titles for classroom usage, students were encouraged to read any book they chose--in addition to those required for their school term. Isero states that, in the past, many of his students would not risk…

  12. Leisure Time: Do Married and Single Individuals Spend It Differently?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yoon G. Lee; Vibha Bhargava

    2004-01-01

    Using data from the 1998-1999 Family Interaction, Social Capital, and Trends in Time Use Study, the authors estimated the time use of 1,151 respondents on various leisure activities (e.g., active leisure, passive leisure, and social entertainment). Onaverage, the most time was spent on active sports (12 minutes) in the active leisure category, TVuse (119 minutes) in the passive leisure category,

  13. From Substitution to Coping: Developing and Testing a Leisure Constraints-Based Coping Model 

    E-print Network

    Tseng, Yung-Ping

    2010-01-14

    The conceptualization of leisure constraints is dependent on negotiating a hierarchy of intrapersonal, interpersonal, and structural leisure constraints. It has become a recognizable and distinct subfield within leisure ...

  14. Leisure-time physical activity and high-risk fat: a longitudinal population-based twin study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T Leskinen; S Sipilä; M Alen; S Cheng; K H Pietiläinen; J-P Usenius; H Suominen; V Kovanen; H Kainulainen; J Kaprio; U M Kujala

    2009-01-01

    Background and Objective:Exercise is thought to reduce high-risk body fat, but intervention studies are frequently limited by short follow-ups and observational studies by genetic selection. Therefore, we studied the effects of a physically inactive vs active lifestyle on high-risk (visceral, liver and intramuscular) fat in twin pairs discordant for leisure-time physical activity habits for over 30 years.Design:A longitudinal population-based twin

  15. Study of the Attitudes of Teachers and School Administrators Toward Leisure and Leisure Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Callaway, Rolland; Baruch, Steven

    This study focuses on leisure as a social issue and the school's responsibility toward leisure education. One hundred twenty-six teachers and school administrators attending graduate classes at the Department of Curriculum and Instruction, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee from 1983 to 1985 were administered two instruments. The survey sample…

  16. Common Unity in the Community: A Forward Looking Program of Recreation and Leisure Services for the Handicapped.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fairchild, Effie; Neal, Larry

    Presented are 12 readings related to the Common-Unity program for providing recreation and leisure services for the handicapped within the local community. Introductory papers present the philosophical basis of the project (Larry Neal), and summarize the conference proceedings and program (Ted Gordon). Four papers on community education have the…

  17. A history of leisure activities at SANAE, an Antarctic research base (1970-93).

    PubMed

    van der Merwe, F J

    1998-04-01

    Leisure activities of the crew at the South African National Antarctic Expedition (SANAE) are reported for the period from 1970-1993. Favorite pastimes at the underground base were card games, pool, darts, movies and videos, music, reading, and mind-games. Cliques and hierarchies developed among the men. Outdoor activities were limited to the summer. The significance of physical activities in social isolation is explored. PMID:11541838

  18. Introduction to a Good Reading Habit.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York Times Co., NY.

    The purpose of the project outlined in this booklet is to enable upper elementary students to become familiar with the various departments of "The New York Times," to cope with headlines and lead paragraphs, and to develop a genuine interest in an adult newspaper. A general outline of the project by the teacher is provided, followed by 20 lesson…

  19. Ear damage caused by leisure noise.

    PubMed

    Maassen, M.; Babisch, W.; Bachmann, K. D.; Ising, H.; Lehnert, G.; Plath, P.; Plinkert, P.; Rebentisch, E.; Schuschke, G.; Spreng, M.; Stange, G.; Struwe, V.; Zenner, H. P.

    2001-01-01

    Noise is a health risk. Recent findings suggest that leisure noise is a substantial danger especially to children, teenagers and young adults. Epidemiological studies of teenagers with no occupational noise exposure show an increasing number with a substantial and measurable irreversible inner ear damage. This is basically due to the wide spread exposition to very loud toys (pistols and squibs), crackers and exposure to electronically amplified music, e.g. from personal cassette players (PCP), at discos or concerts etc. Protection against irreversible ear damage by leisure noise has an important impact in preventive medical care. Therefore the general public must be informed that loud leisure activities may cause damage to the ear. In order to protect children, young people and adults, the legislature ought to set limits for sound levels in discos, concert halls and for music equipment and toys by establishing the necessary standards and regulations. PMID:12678931

  20. Intervention for Positive Use of Leisure Time among College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yarnal, Careen; Qian, Xinyi; Hustad, John; Sims, Damon

    2013-01-01

    College student excessive alcohol use is a pressing public health concern, and many of the negative events associated with heavy drinking occur during leisure or free time. Positive use of leisure can lead to coping skills, stress reduction, and healthy development. Negative use of leisure, including heavy alcohol use, is associated with physical…

  1. Pastimes: The Context of Contemporary Leisure. 4th Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russell, Ruth V.

    2009-01-01

    Originally published in 1996, "Pastimes" introduced an exciting new text that explored leisure and recreation philosophy and science, the various subfields, and the leisure services industry. This new edition is the result of what the author has learned from years of engagement with leisure theory, research, and personal and professional practice.…

  2. A Recreation and Leisure Inventory: Development and Application.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glausier, Sheryl R.; And Others

    The Recreation and Leisure Inventory (RLI) was developed to assist disabled adolescents and young adults in determining their recreation and leisure preferences. The RLI had three prototypes, all of which used an interview format to assess participants' preferences for recreational and leisure activities. The Needs Assessment for Adults with…

  3. Career Education: The Leisure Occupations Cluster. Information Series No. 86.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Verhoven, Peter J.; Vinton, Dennis A.

    The guide is intended to supplement career education curricula with information about leisure occupations (recreation, hospitality, and tourism). It traces the growth and significance of leisure occupations with regard to the scientific, economic, and social advances which have motivated more Americans than ever before to seek leisure

  4. Race, Class and Leisure Activities of Urban Residents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stamps, Spurgeon M., Jr.; Stamps, Miriam B.

    1985-01-01

    This study of 750 randomly selected residents of Syracuse, New York, investigated the relationship of race and class to participation in leisure activities. Twenty-two specific leisure categories were compared. Contrary to the expected, race seemed to be more important than class in determining leisure participation. (Author/MT)

  5. Reading Fluency as an Indicator of Reading Comprehension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Basaran, Mustafa

    2013-01-01

    This study examined the relationship between fourth grade primary school students' reading habits/conditions/ situations and their comprehension regarding what they read. For this purpose, a correlational survey method was used in the study. 90 fourth-grade students who were attending a state primary school in the center of Ku¨tahya…

  6. Creating a Love of Reading = Susciter le Gout de la Lecture.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Leary, John Daniel

    To develop good reading habits, children must be surrounded with books, stories and reading not only in the classroom but in the home and the community. Children who read and are read to outside of school do better than those who do not read and are not read to outside of school. Parents and other family members should make books and reading aloud…

  7. The Future of Reading Books.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barzun, Jacques

    1978-01-01

    Discusses three obstacles to reading: the overproduction and cheap production of books, the extensive use of computer technology which hampers the development of reading habits, and the general decline of good writing and of the teaching of good writing skills. (JMF)

  8. Later?life satisfaction: Does leisure contribute?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John R. Kelly; Marjorie W. Steinkamp; Janice R. Kelly

    1987-01-01

    “Activity theories”; of aging as well as the common wisdom in recreation presume that greater activity leads to greater satisfaction with life in later years. Research, however, has produced conflicting results. Review and meta?analysis of previous research on the contribution of leisure and social activity to subjective well?being has produced a sequence of questions: (1) Do frequency and breadth of

  9. Leisure: Perspectives on Education and Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaplan, Max

    This compilation of essays presents a broad introduction to substantive issues entering into leisure studies, placing emphasis on the matters of values, goals, and lifestyles. Specific educational perspectives are discussed through such aspects as language, futurology, the arts and recreation, and human values and religion. Related social policy…

  10. The Social Location of Leisure Styles.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gruenberg, Barry

    1983-01-01

    Using a stepwise multiple regression analysis of data from a 1964-1965 national urban sample, the author identifies the social and demographic variables that best help to predict each of six factor-analytically derived dimensions of leisure activity. (Author/RM)

  11. Shipscape influence on the leisure cruise experience

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert J. Kwortnik

    2008-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the leisure cruise service environment – the shipscape – and its effects on cruisers' emotions, meaning-making, and onboard behavior. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This paper uses qualitative data from 260 cruise customers that were mined from archived online discussion boards. Data were analyzed based on grounded theory and interpretive methods to derive

  12. Leisure, Government and Governance: A Swedish Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lindstrom, Lisbeth

    2011-01-01

    The leisure sector has witnessed a tremendous expansion since 1960. The purpose of this article is to analyse the decisions and goals of Swedish government policy during the period 1962 to 2005. The empirical analysis covers government Propositions and governmental investigations. The fields covered are sports, culture, exercise, tourism and…

  13. On the Habitability of Aquaplanets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cardenas, Rolando; Perez, Noel; Martinez-Frias, Jesus; Martin, Osmel

    2014-08-01

    An Aquatic Habitability Index is proposed, based on Quantitative Habitability Theory, and considering a very general model for life. It is a primary habitability index, measuring habitability for phytoplankton in the first place. The index is applied to some case studies, such as the habitability changes in Earth due to environmental perturbations caused by asteroid impacts.

  14. English Language Arts: Reading Section K-12.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept., Albany.

    This handbook, which suggests activities to help students acquire and improve reading skills, is divided into the following units: (1) vocabulary development--word attack skills and vocabulary acquisition skills, (2) reading comprehension, (3) critical and interpretive reading, (4) work study habits, (5) locating information in books and using…

  15. The Future of Reading and Academic Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Durant, David M.; Horava, Tony

    2015-01-01

    The e-book is raising fundamental questions around the dynamics and habits of reading; the role of books in the academic library; and the role of librarians in addressing new realities of reading and learning. Print and digital texts foster different styles of reading and different ways of thinking and doing research. This paper examines…

  16. Teenagers Media Habits.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Campbell, Laurence R.

    This study attempted to determine what media most effectively communicated to teenagers, how the media habits of Florida teenagers compared with those in other states, and how the media habits of journalism students compared with those not in journalism. A total of 430 students from Florida high schools and 457 from high schools in other states…

  17. How to Be Engaging: Recreational Reading and Readers' Advisory in the Academic Library

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nicholson, Heather

    2012-01-01

    While recreational reading material was once an integral part of the academic library collection and librarians were seen as guides in reading development for students, this has not been the case in the last 50 years. Fiscal constraints have forced library professionals to make choices so that leisure reading material has not been viewed as a high…

  18. Impact of Newspaper Reading on Adolescent Consumers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Roy L.; Moschis, George P.

    1981-01-01

    The results from a study of adolescents' newspaper reading habits and consumer attitudes and behaviors indicate that newspapers play an important role in the acquisition of consumer behaviors during adolescence. (RL)

  19. Social Cognitive Correlates of Leisure Time Physical Activity Among Latinos

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David X. Marquez; Edward McAuley

    2006-01-01

    Despite the well-documented benefits of leisure time physical activity, Latinos are reported to be highest among all ethnic groups in leisure time inactivity. The present study examined the relationship between leisure time physical activity and exercise self-efficacy, exercise barriers self-efficacy, exercise social support, and perceived importance of physical activity. Data were obtained from 153 Latinos (n = 86 female, n

  20. A Review of Habit Reversal with Childhood Habit Disorders.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woods, Douglas W.; Miltenberger, Raymond G.

    1996-01-01

    This paper first reviews four classes of habit disorders in children: motor and vocal tics, nervous habits, stuttering, and Tourette's disorder. It then describes the habit reversal procedure and reviews the literature on its use and variations to treat each of the four classes of habit disorders. Emphasis is on simplified versions of the original…

  1. Intervention for Positive Use of Leisure Time Among College Students

    PubMed Central

    Yarnal, Careen; Qian, Xinyi; Hustad, John; Sims, Damon

    2013-01-01

    College student excessive alcohol use is a pressing public health concern, and many of the negative events associated with heavy drinking occur during leisure or free time. Positive use of leisure can lead to coping skills, stress reduction, and healthy development. Negative use of leisure, including heavy alcohol use, is associated with physical inactivity, stress, and short and long-term health concerns. We contend that using the classroom context to help college students understand why it is beneficial to engage in positive leisure pursuits and how that engagement will promote personal growth is of critical importance to healthy development. PMID:24198896

  2. Leisure constraints which affect continued nonresident hunter participation 

    E-print Network

    Cook, Kathrine Helen

    1994-01-01

    This thesis provides information about Texas nonresident hunter characteristics and uses a leisure constraints model to determine whether intrapersonal, interpersonal, and structural constraints affect continued nonresident hunting participation...

  3. Weather impacts on leisure activities in Halifax, Nova Scotia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Spinney, Jamie E. L.; Millward, Hugh

    2011-03-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of daily atmospheric weather conditions on daily leisure activity engagement, with a focus on physically active leisure. The methods capitalize on time diary data that were collected in Halifax, Nova Scotia to calculate objective measures of leisure activity engagement. Daily meteorological data from Environment Canada and daily sunrise and sunset times from the National Research Council of Canada are used to develop objective measures of the natural atmospheric environment. The time diary data were merged with the meteorological data in order to quantify the statistical association between daily weather conditions and the type, participation rate, frequency, and duration of leisure activity engagement. The results indicate that inclement and uncomfortable weather conditions, especially relating to thermal comfort and mechanical comfort, pose barriers to physically active leisure engagement, while promoting sedentary and home-based leisure activities. Overall, daily weather conditions exhibit modest, but significant, effects on leisure activity engagement; the strongest associations being for outdoor active sports and outdoor active leisure time budgets. In conclusion, weather conditions influence the type, participation rate, frequency, and duration of leisure activity engagement, which is an important consideration for health-promotion programming.

  4. Intervention for Positive Use of Leisure Time Among College Students.

    PubMed

    Yarnal, Careen; Qian, Xinyi; Hustad, John; Sims, Damon

    2013-05-01

    College student excessive alcohol use is a pressing public health concern, and many of the negative events associated with heavy drinking occur during leisure or free time. Positive use of leisure can lead to coping skills, stress reduction, and healthy development. Negative use of leisure, including heavy alcohol use, is associated with physical inactivity, stress, and short and long-term health concerns. We contend that using the classroom context to help college students understand why it is beneficial to engage in positive leisure pursuits and how that engagement will promote personal growth is of critical importance to healthy development. PMID:24198896

  5. Social Relationships, Leisure Activity, and Health in Older Adults

    PubMed Central

    Chang, Po-Ju; Wray, Linda; Lin, Yeqiang

    2015-01-01

    Objective Although the link between enhanced social relationships and better health has generally been well established, few studies have examined the role of leisure activity in this link. This study examined how leisure influences the link between social relationships and health in older age. Methods Using data from the 2006 and 2010 waves of the nationally representative U.S. Health and Retirement Study and structural equation modelling analyses, we examined data on 2,965 older participants to determine if leisure activities mediated the link between social relationships and health in 2010, controlling for race, education level, and health in 2006. Results The results demonstrated that leisure activities mediate the link between social relationships and health in these age groups. Perceptions of positive social relationships were associated with greater involvement in leisure activities, and greater involvement in leisure activities was associated with better health in older age. Discussion & Conclusions The contribution of leisure to health in these age groups is receiving increasing attention, and the results of this study add to the literature on this topic, by identifying the mediating effect of leisure activity on the link between social relationships and health. Future studies aimed at increasing leisure activity may contribute to improved health outcomes in older adults. PMID:24884905

  6. Weather impacts on leisure activities in Halifax, Nova Scotia.

    PubMed

    Spinney, Jamie E L; Millward, Hugh

    2011-03-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of daily atmospheric weather conditions on daily leisure activity engagement, with a focus on physically active leisure. The methods capitalize on time diary data that were collected in Halifax, Nova Scotia to calculate objective measures of leisure activity engagement. Daily meteorological data from Environment Canada and daily sunrise and sunset times from the National Research Council of Canada are used to develop objective measures of the natural atmospheric environment. The time diary data were merged with the meteorological data in order to quantify the statistical association between daily weather conditions and the type, participation rate, frequency, and duration of leisure activity engagement. The results indicate that inclement and uncomfortable weather conditions, especially relating to thermal comfort and mechanical comfort, pose barriers to physically active leisure engagement, while promoting sedentary and home-based leisure activities. Overall, daily weather conditions exhibit modest, but significant, effects on leisure activity engagement; the strongest associations being for outdoor active sports and outdoor active leisure time budgets. In conclusion, weather conditions influence the type, participation rate, frequency, and duration of leisure activity engagement, which is an important consideration for health-promotion programming. PMID:20499254

  7. Reading Preferences and Expectations of Multilingual Israeli University Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bensoussan, Marsha

    2009-01-01

    Israeli students need to be multilingually literate to read academic texts, mainly in Hebrew, Arabic, Russian and English. In fact, little is known about students' reading habits despite a variety of university reading comprehension courses in different languages. The present study examines students' reading preferences and textual expectations,…

  8. Student Reading Practices in Print and Electronic Media

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foasberg, Nancy M.

    2014-01-01

    This paper reports a diary-based qualitative study on college students' reading habits with regard to print and electronic media. Students used a form to record information about their reading practices for twelve days, including length of reading event, location, format used, and the purpose of reading. Students tended to use print for academic…

  9. Literature Review: Extensive Reading in the EFL Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raemer, Ayelet

    1996-01-01

    Focuses on the merit of extensive reading in English as a tool for advancing the reading comprehension of non-English-speaking students. The article emphasizes that students who read more will eventually surpass their classmates who have not developed the reading habit. (four references) (Author/CK)

  10. Becoming the Reading Mentors Our Adolescents Deserve: Developing a Successful Sustained Silent Reading Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Valarie

    2011-01-01

    Today's adolescents must meet increasing demands for high levels of literacy. However, low self-efficacy and motivation for reading often prohibit adolescents from developing and sustaining positive reading habits. Consequently, educators must provide opportunities for students to experience reading as a rewarding and useful endeavor. Research…

  11. Damaging Oral Habits

    PubMed Central

    Kamdar, Rajesh J; Al-Shahrani, Ibrahim

    2015-01-01

    Oral habits, if persist beyond certain developmental age, can pose great harm to the developing teeth, occlusion, and surrounding oral tissues. In the formative years, almost all children engage in some non-nutritive sucking habits. Clinicians, by proper differential diagnosis and thorough understanding of natural growth and developmental processes, should take a decision for intervening. This article describes case series reports of thumb sucking, finger sucking, and tongue thrusting habits, which have been successfully treated by both removable and fixed orthodontic appliances. The cases shown are ranging from the age group of 9-19 years presenting combination of both mixed and permanent dentition development. All cases show satisfactory correction of habits and stable results. PMID:25954079

  12. Damaging oral habits.

    PubMed

    Kamdar, Rajesh J; Al-Shahrani, Ibrahim

    2015-04-01

    Oral habits, if persist beyond certain developmental age, can pose great harm to the developing teeth, occlusion, and surrounding oral tissues. In the formative years, almost all children engage in some non-nutritive sucking habits. Clinicians, by proper differential diagnosis and thorough understanding of natural growth and developmental processes, should take a decision for intervening. This article describes case series reports of thumb sucking, finger sucking, and tongue thrusting habits, which have been successfully treated by both removable and fixed orthodontic appliances. The cases shown are ranging from the age group of 9-19 years presenting combination of both mixed and permanent dentition development. All cases show satisfactory correction of habits and stable results. PMID:25954079

  13. Habitability: CAMELOT 4

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Alequin, W.; Barragan, A.; Carro, M.; Garcia, F.; Gonzalez, I.; Mercado, J. A.; Negron, N.; Lopez, D.; Rivera, L. A.; Rivera, M.

    1990-01-01

    During 1988 to 1989 the NASA/USRA Advanced Design Program sponsored research and design efforts aimed at developing habitability criteria and at defining a habitability concept as a useful tool in understanding and evaluating dwellings for prolonged stays in extraterrestrial space. The Circulating Auto sufficient Mars-Earth Luxurious Orbital Transport (CAMELOT) was studied as a case in which the students would try to enhance the quality of life of the inhabitants by applying architectural design methodology. The study proposed 14 habitability criteria considered necessary to fulfill the defined habitability concept, which is that state of equilibrium that results from the interaction between components of the Individual Architecture Mission Complex, which allows a person to sustain physiological homeostatis, adequate performance, and acceptable social relationships. Architecture, design development, refinements and revisions to improve the quality of life, new insights on artificial gravity, form and constitution problems, and the final design concept are covered.

  14. Habitability study shuttle orbiter

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1972-01-01

    Studies of the habitability of the space shuttle orbiter are briefly summarized. Selected illustrations and descriptions are presented for: crew compartment, hygiene facilities, food system and galley, and storage systems.

  15. Habitability design for spacecraft

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Franklin, G. C.

    1978-01-01

    Habitability is understood to mean those spacecraft design elements that involve a degree of comfort, quality or necessities to support man in space. These elements are environment, architecture, mobility, clothing, housekeeping, food and drink, personal hygiene, off-duty activities, each of which plays a substantial part in the success of a mission. Habitability design for past space flights is discussed relative to the Mercury, Gemini, Apollo, and Skylab spacecraft, with special emphasis on an examination of the Shuttle Orbiter cabin design from a habitability standpoint. Future projects must consider the duration and mission objectives to meet their habitability requirements. Larger ward rooms, improved sleeping quarters and more complete hygiene facilities must be provided for future prolonged space flights

  16. The Habitable Zone

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2008-03-26

    This illustration is an approximate representation of the planets in our solar system and their relation to what scientists call The Habitable Zone. The planet distances from the sun are measured in Astronomical Units (AU) and are not to scale.

  17. NASA: Habitable Worlds

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    NASA's Habitable Worlds website encourages visitors to "search the solar system for signs of life," by selecting a "World to Explore." This creatively designed website smartly displays our solar system's colorful planets or worlds amidst the dark background of space. In order to gain in-depth information specific to each planet, users simply click on the world of their choosing. Each planet page provides beautiful images and information about habitability, moons, and more.

  18. Leisure Today: Leisure and Special Populations--Satisfaction, Enrichment, and Hope.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raymond, Lisa Pesavento; And Others

    1992-01-01

    A series of nine articles discusses how to meet the leisure needs of diverse populations, focusing on pluralism and gang prevention, children and AIDS, socialization for the homeless, homosexual youth, the unemployed, recovering alcoholics, adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse, and Vietnam veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder. (SM)

  19. Training for Leisure. Flexible Training Packages for Operatives in Leisure-Related Industries. Part 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hunt, Merle; Specht, Carolynne

    A project was designed to identify and define training needs at the operative level in the sport, leisure, and recreation industry in the United Kingdom. The industry is attracting increasing attention in further education (FE) as a result of rapid development. The industry, however, is diverse. Provision of FE must be flexible if it is to meet…

  20. Teaching Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Day, Richard R.

    2013-01-01

    "Teaching Reading" uncovers the interactive processes that happen when people learn to read and translates them into a comprehensive easy-to-follow guide on how to teach reading. Richard Day's revelations on the nature of reading, reading strategies, reading fluency, reading comprehension, and reading objectives make fascinating…

  1. Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior to Leisure Choice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ajzen, Icek; Driver, B. L.

    1992-01-01

    Reports on a study involving college students who completed a questionnaire measuring involvement, moods, attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavior control, and intentions concerning specific leisure activities. Reports one year later showed that attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control predicted leisure intentions;…

  2. Leadership for Recreation, Parks, and Leisure Services. Fourth Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edginton, Christopher R.; Hudson, Susan D.; Scholl, Kathleen G.; Lauzon, Lara

    2011-01-01

    "Leadership for Recreation, Parks and Leisure Services" presents new perspectives on the importance of leadership in the profession. Integrating theory with practice, the book provides foundational perspectives in the study of leadership at all levels--direct service, supervisory, managerial and community/civic--in recreation, parks and leisure

  3. A Qualitative Look at Leisure Benefits for Taiwanese Nursing Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hsieh, Shwu-Ching; Spaulding, Angela; Riney, Mark

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine attitudes of first year nursing students toward leisure participation at the Jen-Te Junior College of Medicine Nursing and Management in Miao-Li, Taiwan. The three research questions used for this study were: What types of leisure activities do first year nursing students at Jen-Te Junior College…

  4. Demand for leisure air travel and limits to growth

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anne Graham

    2000-01-01

    This paper discusses methodologies for analysing the existence of limits to growth of leisure air travel and defines the concept of demand maturity. It considers the air market as one of a number of inter-related travel markets and applies these concepts to a UK case study. The paper concludes that the UK air international leisure travel market is only at

  5. A Comparison of Information Usage Between Business and Leisure Travelers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joseph S. Chen

    2000-01-01

    This study explores the difference in information usage between business and leisure travelers. Data collected from a series of in-flight surveys of Japanese, South Korean, and Australian outbound travelers to the U.S. in 1997 were analyzed by logit analysis to determine if there were differences in information usage between business and leisure travelers. This research found significant differences in the

  6. Study of college leisure education based on the recreational sport

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lili He

    2010-01-01

    In this paper; Chinese University of existing physical education model analyzes the construction with Chinese universities as the center of leisure sport “club” type of recreational sport education model. Research shows that education is an adaptive recreational sports leisure times through body movement, seeking to set individual mental and physical development of competitive, exhibition, entertainment and educational activities for the

  7. Linking Leisure Interests to the RIASEC World of Work Map

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Armstrong, Patrick Ian; Rounds, James

    2008-01-01

    The present study presents an interpretive framework for linking leisure interests, measured by the Leisure Interest Questionnaire (LIQ), to J. L. Holland's (1997) circumplex model of the world of work. Published data representing correlations between the LIQ and Holland's RIASEC interest types were obtained from Hansen and Scullard (2002).…

  8. Are Korean Secondary School Girls Physically Active During Leisure Time?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Minhaeng Cho; Wook-Dong Kwon; Yong-Bae Jeon

    2010-01-01

    Our aims in this study were to identify the types of physical activity during leisure time and to determine if Korean secondary school girls participate in enough physical activity during leisure time to promote health. Of the 1,088 girls randomly selected by a multistaged cluster sampling technique, 705 girls completed questionnaires. Seventy-five percent of Korean secondary school girls spent time

  9. Leisure Role of Public Libraries: A Historical Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayes, Emma; Morris, Anne

    2005-01-01

    Leisure has been contested as a valid role of public libraries in the UK since their introduction in 1850 yet it has been a major reason for the public's use of libraries. Where the educational role and information provision function of libraries have been seen as purposeful and worthwhile, the leisure role has been generally valued less with the…

  10. Arts and Leisure Activities in the St. Louis Region

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Betty Crowther; Alfred Kahn

    1983-01-01

    Using their own 1978 survey of metropolitan St. Louis, Crowther and Kahn show that different age, race, and educational attainment segments of the sample have approximately the same patterns of interest, participation, and enjoyment in leisure activities. They then describe the leisure activities of three types of fine arts actives.

  11. Arts and Leisure Activities in the St. Louis Region.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crowther, Betty; Kahn, Alfred

    1983-01-01

    Factor analysis of a 1978 survey of St. Louis shows that different age, race, and educational attainment segments have approximately the same patterns of interest, participation, and enjoyment in leisure activities. Leisure activities of four types of fine arts activities--arts, music-dance, visual arts, and nonarts types--are described.…

  12. Leisure time activities and obesity in school-aged inner city African American and Hispanic children.

    PubMed

    Brandes, Anne Hall

    2007-01-01

    This descriptive-correlational study investigated three research questions: (a) What are the leisure time activities (LTA) of school-aged African American and Hispanic boys and girls?, (b) What are their body mass index (BMI) distributions?, and (c) What relationships exist between total activity scores of LTA and BMI in the total sample of children, and for boys and girls analyzed separately? The convenience sample consisted of 78 children, aged 9 to 14, who were in the fifth to seventh grades of two elementary schools. Children responded to a modified version of the Know Your Body Health Habits Survey to assess LTA; BMI was calculated based on child height and weight. Results indicated that the LTAs of this group of African American and Hispanic children and their distribution of BMIs were similar to those of White children, and that no appreciable relationships existed between LTAs and BMI in the sample as a whole or boys and girls analyzed separately. PMID:17542230

  13. Relationships between leisure factors and health-related stress among older adults.

    PubMed

    Chang, Liang-Chih; Yu, Ping

    2013-01-01

    This study examined the relationships between leisure autonomy, leisure competence, and leisure social support and health-related stress among older adults. It also examined whether an increase in age moderated the relationships between these three leisure factors and health-related stress. Two hundred fifty-six older adults living in Keelung City, Taiwan were randomly selected as participants at the first year. At the second year, 195 of them continued to respond to the questionnaire of the study that included leisure autonomy, leisure competence, leisure social support, and health-related stress scales. The questionnaire data were analyzed using a regression analysis. The results of this analysis showed that leisure autonomy, leisure competence, and leisure social support were significantly negatively related to health-related stress and that an increase in age moderated the relationship between leisure competence and health-related stress. Implications of the results are discussed. PMID:22646733

  14. Study habits of CS1 students: what do they do outside the classroom?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Donald Chinn; Judy Sheard; Angela Carbone; Mikko-Jussi Laakso

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we report the results of a survey of the study habits of CS1 students. In this survey, students were asked how much time they spent on course-related activities such as reading the textbook, working on problems outside class, using online learning tools, and consulting with their instructor. We identified factors that influenced student study habits and how

  15. The Minister's Time, Leisure, and Continuing Education; A Study of Time Use, Participation in Leisure Activities and Continuing Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hollister, James Elliott

    Protestant ministers (a 15% sample) serving urban congregations in Santa Clara County, California, were surveyed on work and leisure time, participation in leisure activities, and participation in formal and informal continuing education. Emphasis was on differences in life styles between pastors with large, and those with small congregations.…

  16. CHARACTERIZING HABITABLE EXOMOONS

    SciTech Connect

    Kaltenegger, L. [Harvard University, 60 Garden Street, 02138 MA, Cambridge (United States)], E-mail: lkaltene@cfa.harvard.edu

    2010-04-01

    We discuss the possibility of screening the atmosphere of exomoons for habitability. We concentrate on Earth-like satellites of extrasolar giant planets (EGPs) that orbit in the Habitable Zone (HZ) of their host stars. The detectability of exomoons for EGPs in the HZ has recently been shown to be feasible with the Kepler Mission or equivalent photometry using transit duration observations. Transmission spectroscopy of exomoons is a unique potential tool to screen them for habitability in the near future, especially around low mass stars. Using the Earth itself as a proxy we show the potential and limits of spectroscopy to detect biomarkers on an Earth-like exomoon and discuss effects of tidal locking for such potential habitats.

  17. Trajectories of Martian Habitability

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Abstract Beginning from two plausible starting points—an uninhabited or inhabited Mars—this paper discusses the possible trajectories of martian habitability over time. On an uninhabited Mars, the trajectories follow paths determined by the abundance of uninhabitable environments and uninhabited habitats. On an inhabited Mars, the addition of a third environment type, inhabited habitats, results in other trajectories, including ones where the planet remains inhabited today or others where planetary-scale life extinction occurs. By identifying different trajectories of habitability, corresponding hypotheses can be described that allow for the various trajectories to be disentangled and ultimately a determination of which trajectory Mars has taken and the changing relative abundance of its constituent environments. Key Words: Mars—Habitability—Liquid water—Planetary science. Astrobiology 14, 182–203. PMID:24506485

  18. Developing the News Habit in the Introductory American Government Course.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Detzner, Daniel F.

    1982-01-01

    Discusses the results of an American government college course redesigned to include class discussions, documentary films, small group simulations, paper assignments, and a grading policy that reinforced reading of the daily newspaper and weekly news magazines. Student surveys revealed a significant increases in daily/weekly "news habits." (RM)

  19. Reading Interests of Junior High School Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goetze, Henry J.

    This research project studies the reading interests of junior high school students in a city school in the metropolitan Atlanta area. Four hundred and fifty students--representative of the school population according to grade level, race, sex, and scholastic standing--were given a questionnaire reflecting their reading interests and habits.…

  20. Are Americans Reading Less? More?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fowles, Jib

    1993-01-01

    Conventional wisdom dictates that television is responsible for a steep decline in literacy in United States. Because literacy has many definitions, it seems more productive to consider library circulation figures; average personal expenditures on books, magazines, and newspapers; and national surveys of reading habits. All indicate a growing…

  1. Tides and Habitability

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barnes, R.

    2014-04-01

    The relatively low luminosities of M dwarfs, white dwarfs, and brown dwarfs result in habitable zones that are close enough in for strong tidal processes between the planet and its host to occur. As is well known, tidal despinning can result in slow or synchronous rotation for close-in planets, but recent investigations have revealed that tides impact habitability in other ways. Tides can drive planetary obliquity to 0, eliminating seasons and creating strong cold traps at the poles. Tides can force a migration of the semi-major axis, possibly removing planets from the habitable zone. Tidal despinning and orbital evolution produces internal heating that can alter both the interior and the atmosphere. For modest eccentricities, tidal heating can be comparable to the modern Earth's (non-tidal) energy sources, changing the thermal profile in the planet and possibly quenching dynamo generation. For larger eccentricities tidal heating can be orders of magnitude larger, suggesting some super-Earths are actually "super-Ios." In extreme cases tidal heating could trigger a runaway greenhouse for hundreds of millions of years, threatening permanent sterilization. Tides damp eccentricity, which lowers the heating rate, but companion planets can perturb orbits and maintain non-zero eccentricities. In some cases, tidal heating sustained by companions could power geochemical cycles that permit habitability for trillions of years.

  2. Temperature Variations and Habitability

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    These are the student pages for a two part lesson plan that will teach students about observing, describing, and adapting to temperature variations and relating factors that influence planetary temperature and habitability. The class will decide upon a plan for describing indoor and outdoor environments and compare them with the data on environmental conditions at other Earth locales and planets in our solar system. These will be used to discuss temperature ranges, their relation to habitability, and ways to adapt to these conditions. In the second activity, students will give three examples of how humans modify the environment to improve livability, identify three factors that may determine the average temperature of a planet, identify a minimum of five factors that may determine the habitability of a planet, state the importance of maintaining habitable temperature on a planet, and briefly describe the links between two sets of factors of their choosing. The site provides a list of materials, objectives, and worksheets. Teachers' notes are also included.

  3. The leisure society II: the era of critique, 1980–2011

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. J. Veal

    2012-01-01

    The “leisure society thesis” was developed primarily in the 1960s and 1970s and a recent paper in the World Leisure Journal summarised the relevant literature from that period and analysed contemporary recollections of it (Veal, 2011). This paper follows the story of the leisure society thesis since 1980. Set against the background of discussions of work and leisure in periods

  4. Leisure participation patterns and gender: the survey evidence on Australian adults

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. J. Veal

    2011-01-01

    In recognition of the principle that quantitative methods have a role to play in gender-related studies of leisure, alongside qualitative methods, this paper draws on past and current official Australian national surveys to examine men's time use and leisure participation patterns. Three frequently asserted observations on leisure and gender, and men's leisure behaviour in particular, are addressed. First, the proposition

  5. Influence of Socio-Demographics and Residential Environment on Leisure Activity Participation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Astrid D. A. M. Kemperman; Harry J. P. Timmermans

    2008-01-01

    Participating in leisure activities provides important benefits for all people. However, there is a substantial reduction of (green) leisure opportunities in cities, and the green spaces that are available often are poorly accessible. The purpose of this study is to analyze the diversity of participation in various types of leisure activities and to determine the relationship between leisure activity participation

  6. Radiological Habits Survey: Sizewell, 2010

    E-print Network

    Radiological Habits Survey: Sizewell, 2010 2011 Environment Report RL 12/11 Cefas contract report C Radiological Habits Survey: Sizewell, 2010 C.J. Garrod, F.J. Clyne, P. Rumney, J. Elliott, C.A. Smedley and V, J., Smedley, C., and Ly, V.E., 2011. Radiological Habits Survey: Sizewell, 2010. RL 12/11. Cefas

  7. Radiological Habits Survey: Wylfa, 2013

    E-print Network

    Radiological Habits Survey: Wylfa, 2013 2014 Environment Report RL 03/14 Cefas contract report C6028 #12;This page has been intentionally left blank #12;Cefas Document Control Radiological Habits blank #12;Environment Report RL 03/14 Final report Radiological Habits Survey: Wylfa, 2013 C.J. Garrod

  8. Radiological Habits Survey: Wylfa, 2009

    E-print Network

    Radiological Habits Survey: Wylfa, 2009 2010 Environment Report RL 03/10 Cefas contract report C Radiological Habits Survey: Wylfa, 2009 C.J. Garrod, F.J. Clyne, J. Elliott and J.R. Tipple Peer reviewed by G, C. J., Clyne, F. C., Elliott, J., and Tipple, J.R., 2010. Radiological Habits Survey: Wylfa, 2009

  9. Radiological Habits Survey: Dungeness, 2010

    E-print Network

    Radiological Habits Survey: Dungeness, 2010 2011 Environment Report RL 11/11 Cefas contract report Radiological Habits Survey: Dungeness, 2010 F.J. Clyne, C.J. Garrod, V.E. Ly, P. Rumney and J. Elliott Peer: Clyne, F.C., Garrod, C.J., Ly, V.E., Rumney, P., and Elliott, J., 2011. Radiological Habits Survey

  10. Radiological Habits Survey: Derby, 2009

    E-print Network

    Radiological Habits Survey: Derby, 2009 2010 Environment Report RL 05/10 Cefas contract report C Radiological Habits Survey: Derby, 2009 J. Elliott, F.J. Clyne and C.J. Garrod Peer reviewed by G.J. Hunt., Clyne, F.C. and Garrod, C.J., 2010. Radiological Habits Survey: Derby, 2009. RL 05/10. Cefas, Lowestoft

  11. Radiological Habits Survey: Heysham, 2011

    E-print Network

    Radiological Habits Survey: Heysham, 2011 2012 Environment Report RL 02/12 Cefas contract report C Radiological Habits Survey: Heysham, 2011 C.J. Garrod, F.J. Clyne, V.E. Ly and P. Rumney Peer reviewed by G, C.J., Clyne, F.J., Ly, V.E. and Rumney, P., 2012. Radiological Habits Survey: Heysham, 2011. RL 02

  12. Radiological Habits Survey: Devonport, 2011

    E-print Network

    Radiological Habits Survey: Devonport, 2011 2012 Environment Report RL 01/12 Cefas contract report Radiological Habits Survey: Devonport, 2011 F.J. Clyne, C.J. Garrod, V.E. Ly and P. Rumney Peer reviewed by G.J., Garrod, C.J., Ly, V.E. and Rumney, P., 2012. Radiological Habits Survey: Devonport, 2011. RL 01/12. Cefas

  13. Radiological Habits Survey: Amersham, 2009

    E-print Network

    Radiological Habits Survey: Amersham, 2009 2010 Environment Report RL 04/10 Cefas contract report C Radiological Habits Survey: Amersham, 2009 F.J. Clyne, C.J. Garrod and J. Elliott Peer reviewed by G.J. Hunt.C., Garrod, C.J. and Elliott, J., 2010. Radiological Habits Survey: Amersham, 2009. RL 04/10. Cefas

  14. For the Love of Reading: Engaging Students in a Lifelong Pursuit

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Willingham, Daniel T.

    2015-01-01

    This article asks American adults the question: How should teens spend their leisure time? The activity with the highest response, irrespective of race, education, and other demographic factors, was reading. Adults thought teens ought to spend about an hour and 15 minutes reading for pleasure each day. How much time do teens actually spend…

  15. Pleasure Reading by College Students: Fact or Fiction?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blackwood, Charlene; And Others

    A study examined how much time college students spend reading for pleasure, when they do the most pleasure reading, and whether or not parental encouragement plays a role in pleasure reading habits. Subjects, 219 female and 113 male college seniors at a small public liberal arts university, completed three questionnaires as part of the…

  16. Interactive Computers: The Development of an Urban Leisure Information Service.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayward, Jeff; Fairey, Kenyon

    1984-01-01

    This article describes the Leisure Match Project, which allows the public to solicit information about recreation activities by using a microcomputer. Guidelines for planning and implementation of this urban recreation information service are discussed. (DF)

  17. Active Reading Read and Understand

    E-print Network

    Kasman, Alex

    Active Reading Read and Understand Power Hour for Active Reading! 1. Preview/Skim (5 minutes) Read the table of contents to find out how information is organized. Read/think about the chapter title ­ how can it guide you to look for information while you read? Flip to the summary at the end of chapter

  18. Leisure constraints which affect continued nonresident hunter participation

    E-print Network

    Cook, Kathrine Helen

    1994-01-01

    LEISURE CONSTRAINTS WHICH AFFECT CONTINUED NONRESIDENT HUNTER PARTICIPATION A Thesis by KATHRINE HELEN COOK Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1994 Major Subject: Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences LEISURE CONSTRAINTS WHICH AFFECT CONTINUED NONRESIDENT HUNTER PARTICIPATION A Thesis by KATHRINE HELEN COOK Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment...

  19. Physical activity during leisure and commuting in Tianjin, China

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gang Hu; Heikki Pekkarinen; Osmo Hanninen; Zhijie Yu; Huiguang Tian; Zeyu Guo; Aulikki Nissinen

    2002-01-01

    Objective To investigate physical activity during leisure time and commuting among persons aged 15-69 years in the urban population of Tianjin, China, and to assess its associations with demographic and health-related characteristics. Methods In 1996 a cross-sectional survey of 2002 males and 1974 females provided information on physical activity during leisure time and commuting and on demographics and health behaviours.

  20. Toward Dynamic Assessment of Reading: Applying Metacognitive Awareness Guidance to Reading Assessment Tasks.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guterman, Eva

    2002-01-01

    Tests the effect of using written metacognitive awareness guidance (MCAG) as a tool for activating and engaging learners'"Habits of Mind" while processing authentic reading assessment tasks taken from Israeli kits of assessment tasks. Confirms that applying metacognitive awareness guidance to reading assessment tasks makes a difference in the…

  1. Leisure Effects on the Family & Family Effects on Leisure Services. Proceedings of the AALR/AAHPERD Pre-convention Symposium (Anaheim, California, March 29, 1984).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, S. Harold, Ed.; Gray, Howard R., Ed.

    The seven papers in this document were presented at a symposium on the family and leisure: (1) "The Humane Human Experience" (Ron Mendell); (2) "Leisure Education: The Role of the Parent in Family Education" (David J. Staniford); (3) "Leisure and the Family: Toward Some Phenomenological Understanding" (Joseph Levy; Adrianne Gilbert; Christine…

  2. Reading: Secondary.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curriculum Review, 1979

    1979-01-01

    Presented are descriptions of six reading programs for the reluctant adolescent reader: "Attention Span Stories"; "Crosswinds"; "Reading the Content Fields"; "Hip Reader's Reader"; "Rally a Reading Program"; "A Better Reading Workshop". Content emphasis, reading level, rationale, objectives, organization, instructional method, student evaluation,…

  3. Computer codes for evaluation of control room habitability (HABIT)

    SciTech Connect

    Stage, S.A. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

    1996-06-01

    This report describes the Computer Codes for Evaluation of Control Room Habitability (HABIT). HABIT is a package of computer codes designed to be used for the evaluation of control room habitability in the event of an accidental release of toxic chemicals or radioactive materials. Given information about the design of a nuclear power plant, a scenario for the release of toxic chemicals or radionuclides, and information about the air flows and protection systems of the control room, HABIT can be used to estimate the chemical exposure or radiological dose to control room personnel. HABIT is an integrated package of several programs that previously needed to be run separately and required considerable user intervention. This report discusses the theoretical basis and physical assumptions made by each of the modules in HABIT and gives detailed information about the data entry windows. Sample runs are given for each of the modules. A brief section of programming notes is included. A set of computer disks will accompany this report if the report is ordered from the Energy Science and Technology Software Center. The disks contain the files needed to run HABIT on a personal computer running DOS. Source codes for the various HABIT routines are on the disks. Also included are input and output files for three demonstration runs.

  4. Circumbinary habitability niches

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mason, Paul A.; Zuluaga, Jorge I.; Cuartas-Restrepo, Pablo A.; Clark, Joni M.

    2015-07-01

    Binaries could provide the best niches for life in the Galaxy. Although counterintuitive, this assertion follows directly from stellar tidal interaction theory and the evolution of lower mass stars. There is strong evidence that chromospheric activity of rapidly rotating young stars may be high enough to cause mass loss from atmospheres of potentially habitable planets. The removal of atmospheric water is most critical. Tidal breaking in binaries could help reduce magnetic dynamo action and thereby chromospheric activity in favour of life. We call this the Binary Habitability Mechanism (BHM) that we suggest allows for water retention at levels comparable to or better than the Earth. We discuss novel advantages that life may exploit, in these cases, and suggest that life may even thrive on some circumbinary planets. We find that while many binaries do not benefit from BHM, high-quality niches do exist for various combinations of stars between 0.55 and 1.0 solar masses. For a given pair of stellar masses, BHM operates only for certain combinations of period and eccentricity. Binaries having a solar-type primary seem to be quite well-suited niches having wide and distant habitable zones with plentiful water and sufficient light for photosynthetic life. We speculate that, as a direct result of BHM, conditions may be suitable for life on several planets and possibly even moons of giant planets orbiting some binaries. Lower mass combinations, while more restrictive in parameter space, provide niches lasting many billions of years and are rich suppliers of photosynthetic photons. We provide a publicly available web-site (http://bit.ly/BHM-calculator or http://bit.ly/BHM-calculator-mirror), which calculates the BHM effects presented in this paper.

  5. Urban-rural differences in adolescent self-esteem, leisure boredom, and sensation-seeking as predictors of leisure-time usage and satisfaction.

    PubMed

    Gordon, W R; Caltabiano, M L

    1996-01-01

    Australia's "sporting nation" image has been challenged by adolescents' decreasing involvement in active leisure pursuits. A significant number of adolescents experience leisure boredom and dissatisfaction, which have been implicated in drug use and delinquency. Researchers have largely ignored the multivariate nature of adolescent leisure experiences. This North Queensland, Australian adolescent leisure study explored the extent to which adolescent leisure experiences were mediated by individual and situational variables. Seventy-five Cairns and 65 Atherton high school students (66 males and 74 females) were surveyed from grades 8, 10, and 12 (ages 12 to 19), during normal class periods. The Self-Rating Scale (SPS) measure of self-esteem, Sensation-Seeking Scale Form II (SSS), Leisure Boredom Scale (LBS), and a time-use inventory yielded quantitative data. Urban adolescents reported less leisure satisfaction. Participation was highest for passive leisure and lowest for active leisure. Urban adolescents reported higher social leisure, while rural adolescents engaged in more passive leisure. For both Cairns and Atherton, the heaviest substance users were those who scored low on self-esteem and high on sensation-seeking. Atherton adolescents who scored low on self-esteem but high on sensation-seeking, reported the most crime involvement. Methodological issues and implications are discussed and suggestions made for future research. PMID:8970661

  6. Radiological Habits Survey, Torness 2001

    E-print Network

    #12;Radiological Habits Survey, Torness 2001 The Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture........................................................................................... 7 1.3 Dose limits and constraints

  7. Habitable planet finder

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ditto, Thomas D.

    2012-09-01

    A notional space telescope configuration is presented that addresses issues of angular resolution, spectral bandwidth and rejection of host star glare by means of a double dispersion architecture. The telescope resolves angle by wavelength. In an earlier embodiment for surveys, a primary objective grating telescope architecture was shown to acquire millions of objects in one observation cycle, one wave length at a time. The proposed HPF can detect exquisite spectral signatures out of millions of wavelengths in albedos - one exoplanetary system at a time. Like its predecessor, the new HPF telescope has a ribbon-shaped flat gossamer membrane primary objective that lends itself to space deployment, but the preferred embodiment uses a holographic optical element rather than a plane grating. The HOE provides an improvement in efficiency at select wavelength bands. The considerable length of the membrane can be in the 100 meter class providing angular resolution sufficient to resolve planets in the habitable zone and also spectral resolution sufficient to earmark habitability. A novel interferometric secondary spectrograph rejects host star glare. However, the architecture cannot disambiguate multiple stellar sources and may require unprecedented focal lengths in the primary objective to isolate one system at a time.

  8. A labor/leisure tradeoff in cognitive control.

    PubMed

    Kool, Wouter; Botvinick, Matthew

    2014-02-01

    Daily life frequently offers a choice between activities that are profitable but mentally demanding (cognitive labor) and activities that are undemanding but also unproductive (cognitive leisure). Although such decisions are often implicit, they help determine academic performance, career trajectories, and even health outcomes. Previous research has shed light both on the executive control functions that ultimately define cognitive labor and on a "default mode" of brain function that accompanies cognitive leisure. However, little is known about how labor/leisure decisions are actually made. Here, we identify a central principle guiding such decisions. Results from 3 economic-choice experiments indicate that the motivation underlying cognitive labor/leisure decision making is to strike an optimal balance between income and leisure, as given by a joint utility function. The results reported establish a new connection between microeconomics and research on executive function. They also suggest a new interpretation of so-called ego-depletion effects and a potential new approach to such phenomena as mind wandering and self-control failure. PMID:23230991

  9. [Contributions from the critical leisure field to the health promotion].

    PubMed

    Bacheladenski, Miguel Sidenei; Matiello Júnior, Edgard

    2010-08-01

    The studies about leisure for health promotion still tend to choose the active body occupation in the free-time (leisure activities), revealing the influence of the functionalist way of thinking, which trying to reduce the links between society and health-disease process, undoubtedly do not keep with the purpose of population health promotion. Focusing on this idea, and keeping in mind the premise that in the Brazilian physical training there are different opinions since the earliest 80s which try to achieve the purpose to avoid the ideas of the functionalist way of thinking. However, those opinions are almost unknown both in the Brazilian public health system and the collective health system, once the bibliography revision about leisure activities development was made in the country, looking for ideas taken in common knowledge for health promotion presuppositions, this report has the aim to show critical and alternatives concepts of leisure in the way it is linked to healthy as a real social change, using a political-pedagogical proposal called lazerania. In general, this is an emancipatory concept of leisure, which comes from the sport phenomenon as a problem and provides the feeling, thinking and behavior of the population, trying to build a society based on solidarity and consumer participation. PMID:20802889

  10. The Habits of Testacella

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. D. Hill

    1905-01-01

    UNTIL reading Mr. Latter's letter in this week's NATURE I was unaware that it was not a matter of common knowledge that Testacella appears on the surface during heavy rains. My garden is liable to be flooded, as also, unhappily, is much of this neighbourhood, in spring and late autumn. After the water has stood for a few days the

  11. Leisure noise exposure in adolescents and young adults

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Axelsson, A.

    1991-12-01

    Many efforts have been made in recent times to combat occupational noise exposure, and noise preventive measures in many industries seem promising. Less positive, however, are noise exposure situations during leisure time activities. New noisy leisure activities are cropping up, and sound levels appear to have increased over the years. There is thus reason for concern over such noisy activities as listening to "walkman" devices, pop/rock concerts and car stereos, and being present at motor sports and shooting activities. Luckily, however, there seem not to be many reported cases of noise-induced hearing loss which can be clearly related to such leisure activities. In addition, recent animal experiments have shown that there is a possibility that the ear can be trained toward increased noise resistance. Nevertheless, general attitudes should be in favor of lowering the sound levels now found in connection with these activities.

  12. Reading Aloud

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Emily Morgan

    2007-01-01

    This chapter addresses some of the research supporting the importance of reading aloud, tips to make your read-aloud time more valuable, descriptions of Harvey and Goudvis's six key reading strategies (2000), and tools you can use to enhance students' comprehension during read-aloud time.

  13. Reading Comics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tilley, Carol L.

    2008-01-01

    Many adults, even librarians who willingly add comics to their collections, often dismiss the importance of comics. Compared to reading "real" books, reading comics appears to be a simple task and compared to reading no books, reading comics might be preferable. After all, comics do have words, but the plentiful pictures seem to carry most of the…

  14. Developing Mathematical Habits of Mind

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mark, June; Cuoco, Al; Goldenberg, E. Paul; Sword, Sarah

    2010-01-01

    "Mathematical habits of mind" include reasoning by continuity, looking at extreme cases, performing thought experiments, and using abstraction that mathematicians use in their work. Current recommendations emphasize the critical nature of developing these habits of mind: "Once this kind of thinking is established, students can apply it in the…

  15. Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield, 2013

    E-print Network

    Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield, 2013 2014 Environment Report RL 02/14 Cefas contract report C6028 #12;This page has been intentionally left blank #12; Cefas Document Control Radiological #12;This page has been intentionally left blank #12;Environment Report RL 02/14 Radiological Habits

  16. What makes a planet habitable ?

    E-print Network

    Guyon, Olivier

    , but WILL "freeze away" with time When is a planet habitable ? #12;Water... Mars & Venus lost their oceans H2OWhat makes a planet habitable ? #12;#12;How to detect planets ? #12;Radial velocity #12;Transits Planet moves in front of star -> star gets dimmer · Planet size · Planet orbit · Large atmosphere ? #12

  17. Astrophysical Conditions for Planetary Habitability

    E-print Network

    Guedel, M; Erkaev, N; Kasting, J; Khodachenko, M; Lammer, H; Pilat-Lohinger, E; Rauer, H; Ribas, I; Wood, B E

    2014-01-01

    With the discovery of hundreds of exoplanets and a potentially huge number of Earth-like planets waiting to be discovered, the conditions for their habitability have become a focal point in exoplanetary research. The classical picture of habitable zones primarily relies on the stellar flux allowing liquid water to exist on the surface of an Earth-like planet with a suitable atmosphere. However, numerous further stellar and planetary properties constrain habitability. Apart from "geophysical" processes depending on the internal structure and composition of a planet, a complex array of astrophysical factors additionally determine habitability. Among these, variable stellar UV, EUV, and X-ray radiation, stellar and interplanetary magnetic fields, ionized winds, and energetic particles control the constitution of upper planetary atmospheres and their physical and chemical evolution. Short- and long-term stellar variability necessitates full time-dependent studies to understand planetary habitability at any point ...

  18. Relationship between ethnic backgrounds, family socioeconomic status, leisure participation, and psychological well-being.

    PubMed

    Hung, Hank; Lee, Chia Wen

    2013-10-01

    Relations between ethnic backgrounds, family socioeconomic status, leisure participation, and psychological well-being were explored. Participants returned 827 valid pencil-and-paper surveys. An increase in student-athlete leisure participation was associated with better psychological well-being and sense of accomplishment. Compared with Aboriginal student-athletes, Han student-athletes had higher passive leisure participation; there was no correlation between their families' socioeconomic status and the student-athletes' leisure participation or psychological well-being. PMID:24611242

  19. SPORT MANAGEMENT, RECREATION, AND TOURISM TOURISM, LEISURE, AND EVENT PLANNING (TLEP) MAJOR

    E-print Network

    Moore, Paul A.

    1 SPORT MANAGEMENT, RECREATION, AND TOURISM DIVISION TOURISM, LEISURE, AND EVENT PLANNING (TLEP...................................................................................................................23 Examples of Tourism Field Experie

  20. Leisure time activities in teenagers in urban and rural areas.

    PubMed

    Borzecki, Andrzej; Nieradko, Barbara; Gnas?, Bogumi?a; Sieklucka-Dziuba, Maria

    2002-01-01

    The work aimed to determine the leisure time activities in teenagers on weekdays, weekends, during winter and summer holidays. Vast majority of teenagers spend their leisure time resting in a passive way, i.e. watching TV or playing computer games irrespectively of the season. As a result of this, the number of kids with posture defects increase. On weekdays the country teenagers spend much more time doing outdoor sports and games than town children. They also more often help their parents and less frequently travel away from their homes than children living in towns. PMID:12898947

  1. Gender differences in leisure-time physical activity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mario Renato Azevedo; Cora Luiza Pavin Araújo; Felipe Fossati Reichert; Fernando Vinholes Siqueira; Marcelo Cozzensa da Silva; Pedro Curi Hallal

    2007-01-01

    Summary.\\u000a Objectives:  To explore the association between gender and leisure-time physical activity in a population-based sample of adults living\\u000a in Brazil. To study a variety of variables possibly associated with physical activity levels.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods:  A multistage sampling of households was undertaken in Pelotas, a medium-sized Southern Brazilian city. Leisure-time physical\\u000a activity was measured using the long version of the International Physical Activity

  2. Patterns and Determinants of Leisure Participation of Youth and Adults with Developmental Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Badia, M.; Orgaz, M. B.; Verdugo, M. A.; Ullan, A. M.

    2013-01-01

    Background: People with developmental disabilities are at high risk for a limited participation in leisure activities. The aim of this study was to investigate the participation in, preference for and interest in leisure activities of young and adults with developmental disabilities, and to examine the factors associated with leisure activity.…

  3. Career Education Program: Geneva Area City Schools. [Grade 9 Unit: Leisure Work].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Geneva Area City Schools, OH.

    The curriculum unit was used in a two-week pilot program on leisure industries. The class met five periods per week for forty minutes per period. Behavioral objectives specify that students will be able: (1) to define leisure, vacation, rest, relaxation, avocation, secondary career, service industry, and leisure or recreation industry; (2) to…

  4. Making the Connection between Leisure and At-Risk Youth in Today's Society.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Calloway, James

    The sociology of leisure provides a rich and long-standing research tradition in deviant leisure activity. Leisure and recreation experiences are the product, not of a single system, but of the interaction among systems, none of which separately seems to effectively treat the family and its members. The need for recreational group activities is…

  5. Role Overload, Job Satisfaction, Leisure Satisfaction, and Psychological Health among Employed Women

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pearson, Quinn M.

    2008-01-01

    Role overload, job satisfaction, leisure satisfaction, and psychological health were measured for 155 women who were employed full time. Role overload was negatively correlated with psychological health, job satisfaction, and leisure satisfaction. Job satisfaction and leisure satisfaction were positively correlated with psychological health.…

  6. Expanding, Reducing, Concentrating and Diffusing: Post Retirement Leisure Behavior and Life Satisfaction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Galit Nimrod

    2007-01-01

    This study examined patterns of continuity and change in leisure behavior of recently retired individuals. The study investigated post-retirement leisure behavior in an Israeli national sample. It explored the differences among four defined groups: reducers, concentrators, diffusers and expanders, and measured their leisure participation and life satisfaction. Results indicated that the expanders and the concentrators enjoyed a significantly higher life

  7. Research Summary Leisure landscapes: exploring the role of forestry in tourism

    E-print Network

    Research Summary Leisure landscapes: exploring the role of forestry in tourism Using woodlands for tourism includes a wide range of leisure activities, such as mountain biking, walking and nature watching markets for cultural, adventure and wildlife leisure breaks, tourism provides an opportunity to diversity

  8. Radiological Habits Survey: Dungeness, 2005

    E-print Network

    exposure 39 4.9 Water based activities 42 5. TERRESTRIAL RADIATION PATHWAYS 44 5.1 Terrestrial survey area.1 Direct radiation survey area 50 6.2 Residential activities 51 6.3 Leisure activities 51 6.4 Commercial 12 2. THE SURVEY 14 2.1 Site activity 14 2.2 Survey objectives 15 2.3 Survey areas 16 2.4 Conduct

  9. Reading Aloud

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Lynda Delo

    2008-07-01

    Many resources are available to elementary teachers who wish to support science learning with literature. Unfortunately, somewhere between middle school and high school, the emphasis on using literature to teach science content--particularly the exercise of reading aloud--has all but disappeared. However, the practice of reading aloud is helpful because most students have higher listening comprehension than reading comprehension (Trelease 2006)--low-reading level students, English language learners, and auditory learners in particular, tend to understand what they hear better than what they read. This article provides suggestions for including the practice of reading aloud in the high school science classroom.

  10. Breast Cancer-Related Lymphedema: Implications for Family Leisure Participation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Radina, M. Elise

    2009-01-01

    An estimated 20% of breast cancer survivors face the chronic condition of breast cancer-related lymphedema. This study explored the ways in which women with this condition experienced changes in their participation in family leisure as one indicator of family functioning. Participants (N = 27) were interviewed regarding lifestyles before and after…

  11. Women Faculty, Higher Education, and the Recreation/Leisure Field

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henderson, Karla A.; Harrolle, Michelle; Rich, Samantha; Moretz, Janell

    2012-01-01

    Women represent growing numbers of faculty members in higher education as well as in recreation/leisure departments. The purpose of this study is to describe the career development of women faculty in recreation-related areas and to offer implications for faculty development and the preparation of future faculty. Data were collected from women who…

  12. Leisure Opportunities for Individuals with Disabilities: Legal Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grosse, Susan J., Ed.; Thompson, Donna, Ed.

    This volume explores legal issues that serve as foundations for quality active leisure participation by persons with disabilities. In addition to documenting details of the Americans with Disabilities Act (1990), playground and equipment standards and guidelines, and American Camping Assoication standards, it presents specific information on risk…

  13. Livable Winter Cities--Leisure Attitudes and Activities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neal, Larry; Coles, Roger, Ed.

    1989-01-01

    The nine articles included in this feature emphasize how leisure, recreation, health and physical activities make winter cities more livable. Specific topics include techniques for teaching about cold weather safety and cold related injuries, Arctic Winter Games, and results of a study on winter recreation in large North American communities. (IAH)

  14. Leisure Today. Recreation Development in the American Countryside.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Long, Patrick R., Ed.

    1987-01-01

    This special feature, an introduction and nine articles, highlights the continued impact of rural America on recreational lifestyles of both rural and urban residents. Topics include change, the role of leisure, local park and recreation departments, corporate cooperation, recreation development, health/wellness, festivals/special events, and…

  15. Experiences from Work and Leisure Related to Adult Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bergsten, Urban

    A Swedish study was conducted to examine how the experiences of work and leisure affect expectancy and valence in relation to interest in participating in adult education. A cross sectional sample of 945 persons with short previous formal education was interviewed. The results indicated the existence of an integrated relationship between work and…

  16. The Link between Successful Aging and Serious Leisure

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Carroll A.; McGuire, Francis A.; Voelkl, Judith

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative study is to examine whether engagement in a serious leisure activity provided older adults opportunities for successful aging. Data were collected through in-depth interviews at shag dance festivals in North Myrtle Beach, South Carolina. To provide structure for the interview, a general interview guide consisting of…

  17. Psychographic and Demographic Profiles of Niche Market Leisure Travelers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cathy H. C. Hsu; Soo K. Kang; Kara Wolfe

    2002-01-01

    This study examined leisure travelers'interests in 11 tourism niche offerings and provided psychographic and demographic profiles of individuals interested in the various niches. Telephone interviews were conducted with 417 respondents in 12 U.S. states. The activities that received the highest interests were outdoor recreation, local fairs and festivals, art and cultural attractions, pioneer and frontier history sites, and cowboy and

  18. Adventure Tourism as a ‘New Frontier’ in Leisure

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul Beedie

    2008-01-01

    This paper is concerned with developing discussion around the model of serious and casual leisure, first proposed by Stebbins (1992), in relation to the emergence of adventure tourism. In particular the discussion uses the concept of ‘frontier’ to interrogate the model and its utility in understanding the apparent attractiveness of adventure sports and activities to tourism today. It is suggested

  19. Leisure-time physical activity levels of the US workforce

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alberto J. Caban-Martinez; David J. Lee; Lora E. Fleming; William G. LeBlanc; Kristopher L. Arheart; Katherine Chung-Bridges; Sharon L. Christ; Kathryn E. McCollister; Terry Pitman

    2007-01-01

    Background.Few studies in the US have assessed physical activity levels across worker groups, despite the increasingly sedentary milieu of contemporary US occupations and increasing obesity rates among US workers. The present study determined the proportion of US workers meeting the Healthy People 2010 Guidelines for leisure-time physical activity levels in major US occupational groups.

  20. Determinants of Leisure Time Physical Activity Participation Among Latina Women

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maya A. Skowron; Monika Stodolska; Kimberly J. Shinew

    2008-01-01

    The goal of this study was to examine leisure time physical activity (LTPA) among Latina women and to determine factors influencing their LTPA participation. The ecological model was employed as a theoretical framework in order to examine attitudes, social support, and constraints affecting physical activity. Surveys and in-depth interviews were used to collect data. Results showed that although women's LTPA

  1. Leisure and Recreation of Exceptional Children: Theory and Practice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chorost, Sherwood B.

    1988-01-01

    Discusses theoretical bases and practical applications of therapeutic leisure and recreation programs in assisting children with mild, moderate, severe, and profound handicaps to become more accepted by their normal peers. Examples show how such activities can be designed to create an environment to facilitate the educational treatment of…

  2. The Future of Leisure Studies in Research Universities: Administrators' Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dustin, Daniel; Collins, Rachel; Schultz, Jeremy; Browne, Laurie; Schwab, Keri; Rose, Jeff; Timmerman, Danielle; Altschuler, Ben; Jostad, Jeremy; Spencer, Callie; Newman, Jackie; Bricker, Kelly

    2012-01-01

    This article summarizes the content of a three-day administrative summit held at Zion Ponderosa Resort in southern Utah in late September 2010. Department chairs, heads, and deans representing 13 universities across North America offering leisure studies doctoral degrees, master's degrees, and undergraduate professional preparation degrees…

  3. The Effects of Leisure-Based Screen Time

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meier, Mary Dawn; Hager, Ronald L.; Vincent, Susan D.; Tucker, Larry A.; Vincent, William J.

    2007-01-01

    Background: Use of television, computers, and video games competes with physical activity and may be a health risk factor. Purpose: This study assessed the relationship between leisure-based screen time and physical activity in families to determine whether assignment to a limited screen time group results in more physical activity. Methods:…

  4. Headaches in civil servants: effect on work and leisure

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M L Espir; J Thomason; J N Blau; Z Kurtz

    1988-01-01

    Headaches in a group of civil servants and their effects on work and leisure activities, the medication taken, and numbers consulting their general practitioners during a year were assessed by a self administered questionnaire sent to 1000 civil servants in sections of a government department in London. The response rate was 74.7%. Altogether 77% of the respondents reported having had

  5. Parks, Recreation, Leisure, and Fitness Studies. Program Review.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    State Univ. System of Florida, Tallahassee. Board of Regents.

    This review of parks, recreation, leisure, and fitness studies programs within the State University System (SUS) of Florida examined the quality of curricula, characteristics of students and faculty, nature and adequacy of facilities and resources, responses to previous program review recommendations, and program progress. Six programs at four…

  6. Teaching Leisure Skills to Adolescents with Moderate Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collins, Belva C.; And Others

    1997-01-01

    Four leisure skills (playing cards, selecting a television program, playing a sports videotape, and playing a computer game) were taught to four secondary students with moderate mental retardation by using least prompts procedures. Nondisabled peers assessed generalization across persons. Benefits were shown to the students with disabilities and…

  7. A Conceptual Model of Leisure-Time Choice Behavior.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bergier, Michel J.

    1981-01-01

    Methods of studying the gap between predisposition and actual behavior of consumers of spectator sports is discussed. A model is drawn from the areas of behavioral sciences, consumer behavior, and leisure research. The model is constructed around the premise that choice is primarily a function of personal, product, and environmental factors. (JN)

  8. ESOcast Episode 26: Life and Leisure at Paranal

    E-print Network

    Liske, Jochen

    technical diversity of the Very Large Telescope. So this combination makes leisure activities an essential spontaneous performances in the entertainment room, enriching the cultural life of everyone at the observatory Residencia helps him stay fit and keeps his feel for water at a competitive level. The pool of the Residencia

  9. Tourism and Commercial Recreation Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies

    E-print Network

    Brown, Gregory G.

    Tourism and Commercial Recreation Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies Green Mountain College Fall 2005 GENERAL INFORMATION Course: REC 3033, Tourism and Commercial Recreation Credits: 3 DESCRIPTION [From the catalog]. This course is a study of the dynamics of the tourism industry

  10. Habitability Of Europa's Crust

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Greenberg, R.; Tufts, B. R.; Geissler, P.; Hoppa, G.

    Physical characterization of Europa's crust shows it to be rich in potentially habitable niches, with several timescales for change that would allow stability for organisms to prosper and still require and drive evolution and adaptation. Studies of tectonics on Europa indicate that tidal stress causes much of the surface cracking, that cracks pen- etrate through to liquid water (so the ice must be thin), and that cracks continue to be worked by tidal stress. Thus a global ocean is (or was until recently) well linked to the surface. Daily tidal flow (period~days) transports substances up and down through the active cracks, mixing surface oxidants and fuels (cometary material) with the oceanic reservoir of endogenic and exogenic substances. Organisms moving with the flow or anchored to the walls could exploit the disequilibrium chemistry, and those within a few meters of the surface could photosynthesize. Cracks remain active for at least ~10,000 yr, but deactivate as nonsynchronous rotation moves them to different stress regimes in less than a million yr. Thus, to survive, organisms squeezed into the ocean must migrate to new cracks, and those frozen in place must hibernate. Most sites remelt and would release captive organisms within about a million yr based on the prevalence of chaotic terrain, which covers nearly half of Europa. Linkage of the ocean to the surface also could help sustain life in the ocean by delivering oxidants and fuels. Suboceanic volcanism (if any) could provide additional sites and support for life, but is not necessary. Recent results support this model. We further constrain the non-synchronous rotation rate, demonstrate the plausibility of episodic melt-through, show that characteristics of pits and uplift features do not imply thick ice, and demonstrate polar wander, i.e. that the ice crust is detached from the solid interior and has slipped as a unit relative to the spin axis. Thus Europa's biosphere (habitable if not inhabited) likely extends from within the ocean up to the surface, with important implications for exploration strategies: Life or its products may be relatively easy to reach, but Europa may be highly susceptible to biological contamination.

  11. Two Wheels are Better than One: The Importance of Capturing the Home Literacy Environment in Large-Scale Assessments of Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dowd, Amy Jo; Pisani, Lauren

    2013-01-01

    Children's reading skill development is influenced by availability of reading materials, reading habits and opportunity to read. Save the Children's Literacy Boost data have replicated this finding across numerous developing contexts. Meanwhile international large-scale reading assessments do not capture detail on current home literacy.…

  12. Background Knowledge and the Magazine Reading Students Choose

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gabriel, Rachael; Allington, Richard; Billen, Monica

    2012-01-01

    Can students read difficult but self-selected texts--and if so, how? In this article we describe what we learned about middle school students' use of background knowledge and specific vocabulary from interviews and surveys in our longitudinal study of magazine reading habits. Then we discuss the implications of these findings for structuring…

  13. Matthew Effects and the Reading-Writing Connection

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Craig, David James

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the relationship between fifth-grade students' out-ofschool reading habits and measures of their reading comprehension and writing abilities. The sample was composed of forty-two students attending an urban school in Northeastern Massachusetts. Each morning, for fifteen consecutive weeks, students recorded an approximation…

  14. Reading and Writing the Lakota Language: Yes, We Can!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washburn, Franci

    2003-01-01

    As was this author's usual habit at the university in Nebraska where she was teaching, she picked up a copy of the campus newspaper to read during her office hours. She was dismayed at a story entitled "Lakota May Appear on Sheridan County Polls." It read, in part: "Sheridan County's polls may have to add an unexpected language to the ballots this…

  15. What Teenagers Read in the Hometown Daily Newspaper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Campbell, Laurence R.

    To study the local newspaper reading habits of teenagers from six schools in Florida as compared with those of teenagers from six schools in other states, a four-page questionnaire was administered to a total of 887 students in English and journalism classes. Among reading categories listed on the questionnaire were domestic news items, world…

  16. Forgetting How to Read, or Just Re-Locating It?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hardy, Lawrence

    2005-01-01

    A study conducted by the National Endowment for the Arts found that the percentage of American adults who read literature has declined rapidly over the past two decades, indicating an imminent cultural crisis. Digital revolution, which has had a tremendous impact on young people's reading habits, is considered as the major culprit of this decline…

  17. Leisure activity associated with cognitive ability level, but not cognitive change

    PubMed Central

    Gow, Alan J.; Avlund, Kirsten; Mortensen, Erik L.

    2014-01-01

    Although activity participation is promoted as cognitively protective, critical questions of causality remain. In a cohort followed every 5 years from age 75 to 85 years, potential reciprocal associations between level and change in leisure activity participation and level and change in cognitive abilities were examined. Participants in the Glostrup 1914 Cohort, a longitudinal study of aging, completed standardized cognitive ability tests and reported their leisure activity participation (11 activities defined a leisure activity score) at ages 75, 80, and 85. Higher leisure activity was associated with higher cognitive ability (significant correlations ranged from 0.15 to 0.31, p < 0.05). Between ages 75 and 85, participation in leisure activities and cognitive ability declined significantly. Growth curve models, which provided latent variables for level of and 10-year change in both leisure activity and cognitive ability, confirmed the positive association between levels of leisure activity and cognitive ability (path coefficient = 0.36, p < 0.001); however, neither leisure activity level nor change in leisure activity were associated with cognitive change. Although a positive association between leisure activity and cognitive ability was reported—the likely precedents of this are discussed—there was no evidence that a higher level or maintenance of leisure activity was protective against cognitive decline across a 10-year follow-up. PMID:25352824

  18. Healthy habits for weight loss

    MedlinePLUS

    ... habits if your shelves are lined with sugary snacks. Rearrange the kitchen to make diet-boosting foods ... you feel hungry, you'll have a healthy snack close at hand. Reduce temptation. If you know ...

  19. Ceres: A Habitable Small Body?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Neveu, M.; Desch, S. J.; Castillo-Rogez, J. C.

    2015-01-01

    Ceres seems shaped by abundant volatiles, in a way analogous to that suspected on icy moons. Imminent exploration by Dawn may assess Ceres' potential habitability. To inform future investigations, we will present our latest models of Ceres' interior.

  20. Evaluating and Increasing In-Home Leisure Activity among Adults with Severe Disabilities in Supported Independent Living

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Philip G.; Reid, Dennis H.; Green, Carolyn W.

    2006-01-01

    Observations were conducted of the in-home leisure activity of three adults with severe disabilities in three supported independent living (SIL) sites. Results indicated a lack of leisure engagement. Potentially preferred, typical leisure activities were then identified by consulting lists of common leisure activities, surveying adults in…

  1. Archimedes, Reading, and the Sustenance of Academic Research Culture in Library Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cain, Amanda

    2002-01-01

    Discusses the history of academic research, library instruction, and the role of leisure, reflection, and creativity. Suggests that these cultural elements should be introduced to undergraduates and contends that deep reading, rather than information literacy competency, cultivates these elements. Examines productivity and the faculty research…

  2. The Reading of Older Americans Who View Learning as a Lifelong Activity.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ngandu, Kathleen M.

    A study examined the reading behavior of 101 older adults enrolled in a summer "elderhostel" program offered by a small eastern college. Each subject responded to a questionnaire concerning reading habits, interests, attitudes, and motivations. Results showed that the older adults had a wide range of reading interests, including mysteries,…

  3. How Can I Help My Child Build Positive Attitudes Toward Reading?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glazer, Susan Mandel

    This booklet is one of a series of micromonographs on reading-related subjects that offers help to parents interested in stimulating reading habits in their children. Presented as a guide to developing a reading atmosphere in the home, the booklet suggests that parents begin with infant activities; teach their children through make believe; use…

  4. Prediction of Leisure-time Physical Activity Among Obese Individuals

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gaston Godin; Steve Amireault; Ariane Bélanger-Gravel; Marie-Claude Vohl; Louis Pérusse

    2009-01-01

    The aims of this study were to identify (i) what cognitions predict leisure-time physical activity and (ii) the moderators of cognition–behavior relationships among obese individuals. A sample of 91 adults (BMI ?30 kg\\/m2) completed a baseline questionnaire assessing variables of the theory of planned behavior (TPB). Biological measures and socio-demographic variables were also obtained. Behavior was assessed 3 months later.

  5. Austin citizens' perceptions of some dimensions of leisure service delivery

    E-print Network

    Parrinello, Joseph A

    1985-01-01

    approaches (Dieppe and Sharpless, 1980:51). Some of this national trend is also emerging in Austin. Some feel that park 'land should be emphasized rather than facilities because of the amount of available urban open space appears to be dwindling. Shivers...Record of Study AUSTIN CITIZENS' PERCEPTIONS OF SOME DIMENSIONS OF LEISURE SERVICE DELIVERY A PROFESSIONAL PAPER by Joseph A. Parrinello Submitted to the Graduate Faculty of the Department of Recreation and Parks Texas ARM University...

  6. Reading Strategies

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Students utilize two reading strategies that can be used to understand the Cosmic Times materials, and other readings that may be challenging to them. The first strategy, called Talking to the Text, is an independent strategy in which the students write down their thoughts as they are reading the material. In the second strategy, the students pair up and help each other read and understand concepts through reciprocal teaching. This activity is from the Cosmic Times teacher's guide and is intended to be used in conjunction with the 1965 Cosmic Times poster, however, these strategies can be used with any of the Cosmic Times articles.

  7. No Fun Anymore: Leisure and Marital Quality Across the Transition to Parenthood

    PubMed Central

    Claxton, Amy; Perry-Jenkins, Maureen

    2010-01-01

    This study examines changes in leisure patterns across the transition to parenthood for dual-earner, working-class couples, as well as the relationship between leisure and marital quality. To this end, 147 heterosexual couples were interviewed across the transition to parenthood. Findings indicate that during the transition to parenthood, husbands and wives experience an initial decline in leisure, followed by a gradual incline after the wife’s return to work. Overall, wives who reported more shared leisure prenatally also reported more marital love and less conflict 1 year later. Husbands with more independent leisure prenatally reported less love and more conflict 1 year later. Conclusions suggest leisure time is integral to well-functioning marriages, with effects lasting throughout the first year of parenthood. PMID:20224746

  8. New Year's Reading Resolutions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bates, Nancy; And Others

    1988-01-01

    Activities to enhance reading with listening, thinking, writing, and fun are suggested. Topics include celebrate Reading Week, superbowl reading, book buddies, biography binge, laughing and learning, oral reading, reading sweepstakes, idea lists, fairy tale showdown, and parent reading tips. (MT)

  9. Adolescents' leisure activities, parental monitoring and cigarette smoking - a cross-sectional study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hui Guo; Anthony I Reeder; Rob McGee; Helen Darling

    2011-01-01

    Background  Adolescent participation in leisure activities is developmentally beneficial, but certain activities may increase health compromising\\u000a behaviours, such as tobacco smoking. A limited range of leisure activities has been studied, with little research on out-of-school\\u000a settings where parental supervision is a potential protective factor. Tobacco smoking is an important, potentially modifiable\\u000a health determinant, so understanding associations between adolescent leisure activities, parental

  10. Sports and Leisure Time Physical Activity During Pregnancy in Nulliparous Women

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hanne Kristine Hegaard; Peter Damm; Morten Hedegaard; Tine Brink Henriksen; Bent Ottesen; Anna-Karin Dykes; Hanne Kjaergaard

    To describe patterns of leisure time physical activity during pregnancy in relation to pre-pregnancy leisure time physical\\u000a activity, socio-demographic characteristics, fertility history, and lifestyle factors. 4,718 nulliparous with singleton pregnancy\\u000a and intended spontaneous vaginal delivery were included in the study at gestational week 33 from May 2004 to July 2005. Information\\u000a was provided by self-administered questionnaires. Leisure time physical activity

  11. Read: What Kathmandu is Reading?

    E-print Network

    Fineprint Bookclub

    2011-01-05

    some of the movers and shakers Of Kathmandu what they are reading. Here Is what they said they are reading: > > • I haven't read a book since the last three weeks. The last book that I read was ·Shanghai Baby· by Wei Hui. It's an excellent book... something In the cover. I picked the book up because of its cover which looked Interesting and then pored over a page and kind of liked it. That'S how I came to buy it. I USually piCk a book randomly, flip over a page and if it holds my attention, I...

  12. Reading Remixed

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Valenza, Joyce Kasman; Stephens, Wendy

    2012-01-01

    Critics claim that digital technologies are killing reading, but these teacher-librarians have observed that teens are as excited about reading as they ever were. Online communities give these readers opportunities to get to know authors, communicate with other fans, and learn more about books of interest. Publishers and authors are responding to…

  13. Reading Aloud

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Delo, Lynda

    2008-01-01

    Many resources are available to elementary teachers who wish to support science learning with literature. Unfortunately, somewhere between middle school and high school, the emphasis on using literature to teach science content--particularly the exercise of reading aloud--has all but disappeared. However, the practice of reading aloud is helpful…

  14. Breastfeeding FAQs: Your Eating and Drinking Habits

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Sports: Keeping Kids Safe Concussions: What to Know Breastfeeding FAQs: Your Eating and Drinking Habits KidsHealth > Parents > Growth & Development > Feeding & Eating > Breastfeeding FAQs: Your Eating and Drinking Habits Print A ...

  15. Radiological Habits Survey: Trawsfynydd, 2005

    E-print Network

    to a conflict with the Data Protection Act has been black lined) The Centre for Environment, Fisheries areas 16 2.4 Conduct of the survey 17 3. METHODS FOR DATA ANALYSIS 20 3.1 Data recording 20 3.2 Data) survey areas TABLES Table 1 Survey coverage Table 2 Typical food groups used in habits surveys Table 3

  16. Radiological Habits Survey: Sizewell, 2005

    E-print Network

    to a conflict with the Data Protection Act has been black lined) The Centre for Environment, Fisheries.4 Conduct of the survey 17 3. METHODS FOR DATA ANALYSIS 20 3.1 Data recording 20 3.2 Data analysis 22 4 TABLES Table 1 Survey coverage Table 2 Typical food groups used in habits surveys Table 3 Adults

  17. Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Review, 2011

    E-print Network

    Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Review, 2011 2012 Environment Report RL 05/12 Cefas contract Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Review, 2011 Shellfish consumption and intertidal occupancy review F., 2012. Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Review, 2011. RL 05/12. Cefas, Lowestoft A copy can

  18. Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Review, 2012

    E-print Network

    Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Review, 2012 2013 Environment Report RL 04a/13 Cefas Final report Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Review, 2012 Aquatic pathways review G.P. Papworth, C.J., Ly, V.E., and Dewar, A., 2013. Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Review, 2012. RL 04a/13

  19. Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Review, 2010

    E-print Network

    Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Review, 2010 2011 Environment Report RL 13/11 Cefas contract Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Review, 2010 Shellfish consumption and intertidal occupancy review F, P., Smedley, C.A., and Ly, V.E., 2011. Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Review, 2010. RL 13

  20. Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Review, 2009

    E-print Network

    Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Review, 2009 2010 Environment Report RL 07/10 #12;This page has been intentionally left blank #12;1 Environment Report RL 07/10 Final report Radiological Habits ).................................15 7. USE OF HABITS DATA FOR DOSE ASSESSMENTS

  1. Research Articles Exomoon Habitability Constrained by Illumination

    E-print Network

    Barnes, Rory

    Research Articles Exomoon Habitability Constrained by Illumination and Tidal Heating Rene´ Heller1 their habitability will emerge. Exomoons are likely to be tidally locked to their planet and hence experience days evolved outside Earth has prompted scientists to consider habitability of the terres- trial planets

  2. Unbending the mind: or, commercialized leisure and the rhetoric of eighteenth-century diversion.

    PubMed

    Domingo, Darryl P

    2012-01-01

    This essay opens by asking why the formative period in the “commercialization of leisure” in England (c. 1690–1760) happens also to be the period during which intrusion, obstruction, and interruption first began to thrive as conspicuous rhetorical techniques in commercial literature. The essay answers this question through a series of close readings that reveal the complex reciprocity between what I call “cultural diversion” and “discursive diversion,” between those social amusements which provide relief from the serious concerns of daily life and those linguistic and textual devices which characteristically disrupt so much of the discourse of the late seventeenth and early eighteenth century—devices such as extravagant metaphors, rows of asterisked ellipses, and, most pervasively, digressions. Where modern discussion of such devices has tended to rely on the critical touch-stone of “self-consciousness,” this essay restores disruptive rhetoric to what I see as its original cultural context by demonstrating how frequently self-conscious authors associate the form and function of devices like digression with London’s “Reigning Diversions.” PMID:22400157

  3. Leisure: how to promote inpatient motivation after discharge.

    PubMed

    Johnson, S W; McSweeney, M; Webster, R E

    1989-09-01

    1. A group of psychiatric inpatients followed plans to participate in leisure activities after discharge at significantly higher levels when treated with classes and written contracts; or classes, written contracts, and musical entertainment; rather than with classes alone. 2. Inpatient classes for psychiatric patients should be coupled with other interventions, such as contracts or musical entertainment, to assist patients to attain therapeutic goals after discharge. 3. The utilization of written goal-setting contracts seems to have merit as a routine nursing intervention with psychiatric inpatients. 4. The use of a written contract left with the patient may promote or enhance a nurse/patient transaction. PMID:2795549

  4. Habitable exoplanets statistics in the Milky Way

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Anagnos, Th.

    2013-09-01

    We present an exoplanet statistical analysis into the Milky Way. We use the Becanson galactic synthetic model to simulate the Milky Way and the galactic and stellar habitable zones to calculate habitable planets. To assess habitability on the Galactic scale, we model supernova rates and planet formation. Our study, models the SNII and SNIa sterilizations by selecting them from within this preexisting stellar population. Furthermore, we consider habitability on tidally locked and non-tidally locked planets separately, and study habitability as a function of height above and below the Galactic mid-plane. The number of total habitable planets makes Milky Way practically empty of habitable planets. Our results, from these simulations, agree very well with Kepler's discoveries. Finally, we apply our results to the PLATO future space mission.

  5. Peer Groups and Substance Use: Examining the Direct and Interactive Effect of Leisure Activity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thorlindsson, Thorolfur; Bernburg, Jon Gunnar

    2006-01-01

    This paper explores the relationships among adolescent leisure activities, peer behavior, and substance use. We suggest that peer group interaction can have a differential effect on adolescent deviant behavior depending on the type of leisure pattern adolescents engage in. We analyze data from a representative national sample of Icelandic…

  6. Reciprocal Relationships between Value Orientation and Motivational Interference during Studying and Leisure

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hofer, Manfred; Schmid, Sebastian; Fries, Stefan; Kilian, Britta; Kuhnle, Claudia

    2010-01-01

    Background: Motivational interference is defined as the amount of impairment in a target activity due to the incentives of a non-chosen attractive alternative. The amount to which pupils experience motivational interference while studying or while performing a leisure activity in a school-leisure conflict situation is seen as depending on the…

  7. Time Use Patterns between Maintenance, Subsistence and Leisure Activities: A Case Study in China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hui-fen, Zhou; Zhen-shan, Li; Dong-qian, Xue; Yang, Lei

    2012-01-01

    The Chinese government conducted its first time use survey of the activities of Chinese individuals in 2008. Activities were classified into three broad types, maintenance activities, subsistence activities and leisure activities. Time use patterns were defined by an individuals' time spent on maintenance, subsistence and leisure activities each…

  8. Leisure Time in Modern Societies: A New Source of Boredom and Stress?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haller, Max; Hadler, Markus; Kaup, Gerd

    2013-01-01

    The increase in leisure time over the last century is well documented. We know much less, however, about the quality of the use of leisure time. Quite divergent predictions exist in this regard: Some authors have argued that the new, extensive free time will lead to new forms of time pressure and stress; others have foreseen an expansion of…

  9. A Survey of Leisure Time Activities of Working Owmen in Jaipur

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dixit, Asha

    1976-01-01

    A survey of the leisure time activities of 278 working women (teachers, nurses, telephone operators, and clerks) indicated that occupation does not significantly influence the type of leisure activities. Comparisons were made within and between occupational groups and between home and office time activities. (MS)

  10. Social Integration, Leisure Activity, and Life Satisfaction in Older Adults: Activity Theory Revisited.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steinkamp, Marjorie W.; Kelly, John R.

    1987-01-01

    Examined contributions of objective integration, subjective integration, and total leisure activity to life satisfaction of adults aged 40 and 89 years. Telephone interviews with 400 adults revealed that objective integration contributed significantly to life satisfaction only for older males, but subjective integration and total leisure activity…

  11. Emerging Adults at Work and at Play: Leisure, Work Engagement, and Career Indecision

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Konstam, Varda; Lehmann, Ilana S.

    2011-01-01

    To expand the understanding of how leisure and recreational activities can inform career indecision, this research examined the relationship between career indecision, work engagement, and leisure in emerging adults, 25-30 years of age. Independent sample t tests reveal that career indecisive emerging adults scored significantly lower on all three…

  12. Torn between Study and Leisure: How Motivational Conflicts Relate to Students' Academic and Social Adaptation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grund, Axel; Brassler, Nina K.; Fries, Stefan

    2014-01-01

    Research on motivational conflicts indicates that students' difficulties during studying may result from tempting alternatives in the leisure domain. In the present set of studies, we addressed the question of whether academic motivation inversely has negative spillover effects on students' leisure-related functioning, too. In the first 2 studies…

  13. Labour, leisure, poverty and protest: the 1968 Poor People’s Campaign as a case study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Amy Nathan Wright

    2008-01-01

    Social movements exist in a liminal space between labour and leisure. Movements require an inordinate amount of work – mobilising communities, studying policy issues, raising funds, organising events and participating in direct action – but protesting can also be fun. Demonstrations engender community through singing, shouting, marching and confronting authority figures. Activists often pass up typical leisure activities and take

  14. The Sociology of Women's Leisure and Physical Recreation: Constraints and Opportunities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Diana Woodward; Eileen Green; Sandra Hebron

    1989-01-01

    This study of women's leisure experiences is based on a random survey of 700 Sheffield women, supplemented by interviews with groups of women and their men partners. Both women's and men's access to free time and leisure opportunities are structured by similar factors, such as their work and domestic situation, social class and income level, age and ethnic group. However

  15. Participation or Exclusion? Perspectives of Pupils with Autistic Spectrum Disorders on Their Participation in Leisure Activities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brewster, Stephanie; Coleyshaw, Liz

    2011-01-01

    The importance of active participation in leisure activities for everybody is identified by Carr (2004) but issues around leisure in the lives of children with disabilities have received little recognition. The experience of children/young people (henceforth referred to simply as children, for brevity) with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) in…

  16. Using Simultaneous Prompting to Teach Independent Living and Leisure Skills to Adults with Severe Intellectual Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dollar, Chad A.; Fredrick, Laura D.; Alberto, Paul A.; Luke, Jaye K.

    2012-01-01

    The acquisition of independent living and leisure skills enables adults to experience an enhanced quality of life by increasing competence, self-reliance, and the development of autonomy. This study examined the effectiveness of simultaneous prompting to teach behavior chains (i.e., independent living and leisure skills) to adults with SID…

  17. Joint Leisure Activities and Social Networks in Two Neighborhoods in Tel Aviv

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ginsberg, Yona

    1975-01-01

    Examines one aspect of conjugal role relationships--leisure activities which are "consumption" from the urban point of view. A sample of young adults in two adjacent neighborhoods in Tel Aviv was interviewed. The findings indicate significant differences in the relative degree of joint leisure activities of the neighborhoods. (Author)

  18. Elasticities of demand for leisure air travel: A system modelling approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nenad Njegovan

    2006-01-01

    In this study, the UK outbound demand for leisure air travel has been examined using a demand system which takes into account the ways in which the expenditure on air fares interacts with both the expenditure on non-fare components of travel abroad and with expenditure on domestic leisure. The findings suggest that there is a strong link between total consumer

  19. The Pursuit of Leisure: Enriching the Lives of People Who Have a Disability. Revised Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gold, Deborah, Ed.; McGill, Judith, Ed.

    The book examines the place of leisure in the lives of disabled people and their families, in 18 articles by parents, counselors, recreation specialists, vocational counselors, researchers, and advocates. Stressed throughout is the potential of leisure when seen as a dimension of and vehicle for community living. Chapters are as follows:…

  20. Information search behavior of Hong Kong's inbound travelers?a comparison of business and leisure travelers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ada Lo; Catherine Cheung; Rob Law

    2002-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the information search behavior of Hong Kong's inbound tourists, in particular business and leisure travelers. The study clearly shows that business and leisure travelers demonstrate different information search behavior. ‘Personal experience,’ ‘Travel agency\\/tour company,’ ‘Airlines’ and the ‘Internet’ are most frequently relied upon by business travelers in searching for travel information, while

  1. Dimensions of hotel choice criteria: congruence between business and leisure travelers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ugur Yavas; Emin Babakus

    2005-01-01

    This study investigates whether hotel choice attributes decompose into comparable configurations for two important guest groups served by hotels: business and leisure travelers. Each group's responses were factor analyzed and the factor congruency technique was then employed to ascertain the extent of similarity between them. Results indicate that the congruence between the business and leisure travelers is weak in terms

  2. Leisure Items as Controls in the Attention Condition of Functional Analyses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCord, Brandon E.; Neef, Nancy A.

    2005-01-01

    Leisure items (e.g., games, toys) are commonly made available as controls during attention conditions of functional analyses (Ringdahl, Winborn, Andelman, & Kitsukawa, 2002). However, Ringdahl et al. raised questions about this practice. This paper reviews research that supports and conflicts with the inclusion of leisure items as controls,…

  3. The Taste for Leisure, Career Choice, and the Returns to Education: Evidence from the Medical Field

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Keith Chen; Judith A. Chevalier

    We examine the role of the taste for leisure in educational and occupational choices. Existing studies typically weigh the monetary costs of schooling (tuition and forgone wages) against a higher-wage career using a common-hours NPV calculation, neglect- ing labor \\/ leisure preferences. We show this omission matters, and develop a simple methodology to correct for heterogeneity of tastes. Using information

  4. Leadership Behaviour of College Students in Relation to Their Leisure Time Activities in College Life

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sethi, Priyanka

    2009-01-01

    The study investigated the Leadership behaviour of college students in relation to their Leisure time activities in college life. In this study, the researcher wants to see the contribution of leisure time activities in developing the qualities of leadership of college students. The main objective of the study was to find out the relationship…

  5. Learning by example : Benchmarking organizational culture in hospitality, tourism and leisure SMEs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Olympia Kyriakidou; Julie Gore

    2005-01-01

    Purpose – To provide positive benchmarking examples of hospitality, tourism and leisure small management enterprises in the area of organizational culture. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Extreme case sampling was used; locating information-rich key informants or critical cases. A total of 89 small businesses were researched including hotels (and guest houses), restaurants, pubs, visitor attractions and leisure opportunities. Findings – Semi-structured interviews were

  6. Leisure education within the context of a childhood obesity intervention programme: parents’ experiences

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Charlene S. Shannon

    2012-01-01

    Parents are viewed as critical agents in preventing and treating childhood obesity. Intervention programmes that target parents have included leisure education as a component. This study explored parents’ experiences in a leisure education process conducted as part of a childhood obesity intervention programme. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 32 parents before and after they had completed the programme. Parents became

  7. Playin' Farmer: Leisure Experiences in a Craft-Based Community of Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dunlap, Rudy

    2013-01-01

    The study applies situated learning and communities of practice concepts to an ethnographic study of volunteer farm work. In contrast to a traditional conceptualization of education "for" leisure, participation in farm work activities is understood as a form of education taking place "in" a leisure context. Analysis reveals that participation in…

  8. Participation in Leisure Activities and Involvement in Delinquency by Mexican American Adolescents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yin, Zenong; Katims, David S.; Zapata, Jesse T.

    1999-01-01

    A survey of 2,651 low-income Mexican-American middle- and senior-high school students in Texas found higher levels of delinquency associated with increased participation in unsupervised socialization with friends and less frequent participation in home activities and organized leisure and sport activities. Associations of leisure activities and…

  9. Work and Leisure: An Interdisciplinary Study in Theory, Education and Planning. Human Movement Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haworth, J. T., Ed.; Smith, M. A., Ed.

    The contents of this book divide into three parts: (1) theory; (2) education; and (3) planning. The first part of the book considers a number of broad related issues in work and leisure. The term "theory" is used in a broad sense and encompasses philosophical as well as empirically based views and models of the nature of man, work, and leisure.…

  10. The Struggle for Life Balance: Work, Family, and Leisure in the Lives of Women Teleworkers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Susan M. Shaw; Jean Andrey; Laura C. Johnson

    2003-01-01

    Contemporary life for many people in North America and elsewhere seems to be characterised by stress, role overload, and a lack of time for leisure. This is particularly true of employed women who are seeking to balance paid and unpaid work, family responsibilities, and leisure in an increasingly hurried society. This study investigated the everyday lives of women teleworkers, in

  11. No Fun Anymore: Leisure and Marital Quality across the Transition to Parenthood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Claxton, Amy; Perry-Jenkins, Maureen

    2008-01-01

    This study examines changes in leisure patterns across the transition to parenthood for dual-earner, working-class couples, as well as the relationship between leisure and marital quality. To this end, 147 heterosexual couples were interviewed across the transition to parenthood. Findings indicate that during the transition to parenthood, husbands…

  12. Leisure Orientations and Self-Esteem in Women with Low Incomes Who Are Overweight.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dattilo, John; And Others

    1994-01-01

    Reports a study that examined the leisure orientations of 222 low-income women. Subjects were predominantly black, predominantly overweight, and not employed outside the home. Survey data indicated positive correlations between self-esteem and active participation in recreation activities and negative correlations between self-esteem and leisure

  13. A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Canadian and Mainland Chinese University Students' Leisure Motivations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gordon J. Walker; Xiye Wang

    2008-01-01

    This study examined the reliability and explanatory ability of a modified version of Deci and Ryan's self-determination theory as it applied to Canadian (n = 170) and Mainland Chinese (n = 229) university students' leisure motivations and determined whether these leisure motivations differed between the two cultural groups. An on-site questionnaire composed of seven motivational scales was developed. Alpha coefficients,

  14. The Relationship between Social Leisure and Life Satisfaction: Causality and Policy Implications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Becchetti, Leonardo; Giachin Ricca, Elena; Pelloni, Alessandra

    2012-01-01

    Social leisure is generally found to be positively correlated with life satisfaction in the empirical literature. We ask if this association captures a genuine causal effect by using panel data from the GSOEP. Our identification strategy exploits the change in social leisure brought about by retirement, since the latter is an event after which the…

  15. Teaching Leisure Skills to an Adult with Developmental Disabilities Using a Video Prompting Intervention Package

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chan, Jeffrey Michael; Lambdin, Lindsay; Van Laarhoven, Toni; Johnson, Jesse W.

    2013-01-01

    The current study used a video prompting plus least-to-most prompting treatment package to teach a 35-year-old Caucasian man with Down Syndrome three leisure skills. Each leisure skill was task analyzed and the researchers created brief videos depicting the completion of individual steps. Using a multiple probe across behaviors design, the video…

  16. "It's More Than a Class": Leisure Education's Influence on College Student Engagement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evans, Kate E.; Hartman, Cindy L.; Anderson, Denise M.

    2013-01-01

    As universities and colleges continue to seek out ways to improve student engagement on their campuses, attention has been given to the role that on-campus leisure opportunities can play in developing this engagement. Yet, little research has analyzed the influence of leisure education on student engagement in the higher education setting. The…

  17. The Relationship between Leisure and Life Satisfaction: Application of Activity and Need Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rodriguez, Ariel; Latkova, Pavlina; Sun, Ya-Yen

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to better understand the complex relationship between leisure and life satisfaction. Components of two distinct, but potentially integrative, theoretical frameworks (i.e., activity theory and need theory) predicting the relationship between leisure and life satisfaction were tested with a sample of residents from a…

  18. The Relationship between Leisure Satisfaction and Life Satisfaction of Adolescents Concerning Online Games

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Edward Shih-Tse; Chen, Lily Shui-Lian; Lin, Julia Ying-Chao; Wang, Michael Chih-Hung

    2008-01-01

    Increasing evidence indicates adolescents are likely to occupy their leisure time with online games. This study investigates the influences of leisure satisfaction on life satisfaction among adolescent online gamers. The self-completed market survey questionnaire employed is comprised of two sections: the first is Internet usage frequency, while…

  19. An E-Portfolio for Leisure Sciences Students: A Case Study at Edith Cowan University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colyer, Sue; Howell, Julie

    2004-01-01

    The benefits of an electronic portfolio as an educational tool, as well as a career tool, for leisure sciences students are discussed, and concerns with electronic portfolio implementation are raised. This paper also outlines briefly the prototype of the e-Portfolio developed for leisure sciences students. Responses from student evaluations…

  20. Playing in the woods: youth, leisure and the performance of gender relations in rural Newfoundland

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Moss E. Norman; Nicole Gerarda Power; Kathryne Dupré

    2011-01-01

    Based on qualitative interviews and focus groups with youth (12–24 years) living in rural, coastal Newfoundland, Canada, we examine how leisure practices within this context served to reproduce and naturalize localized gender relations. More specifically, we argue that the participants drew upon dominant discursive constructions of rural leisure to reiteratively enact a binary distinction between the ‘town’ as a space

  1. Development of a Habitable Planet

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2005-01-01

    In this lesson, students investigate the origin of the elements, the process of planet formation, the evolution of life on Earth, and the conditions necessary for life as we know it. Using multimedia resources and a classroom activity, students identify and sequence the major events that caused Earth to develop into the planet we know, understand where the ingredients for Earth originated, including the conditions necessary for life, and consider the likelihood of other habitable worlds.

  2. Widen the belt of habitability!

    PubMed

    Möhlmann, D

    2012-06-01

    Among the key-parameters to characterize habitability are presence or availability of liquid water, an appropriate temperature range, and the time scale of reference. These criteria for habitability are discussed and described from the point of view of water- and ice-physics, and it is shown that liquid water may exist in the sub-surfaces of planetary bodies like Mars, and possibly of inner asteroids and internally heated ice-moons. Water can remain fluid there also at temperatures far below the "canonical" 0 °C. This behaviour is made possible as a consequence of the freezing point depression due to salty solutes in water or "brines", as they can be expected to exist in nature more frequently than pure liquid water. On the other hand, low temperatures cause a slowing down of chemical processes, as can be described by Arrhenius's relation. The resulting smaller reaction rates probably will have the consequence to complicate the detection of low-temperature life processes, if they exist. Furthermore, the adaptation potential of life is to be mentioned in this context as a yet partially unknown process. Resulting recommendations are given to improve the use of criteria to characterize habitable conditions. PMID:22638839

  3. Reduction in leisure activity and well-being during the transition to widowhood.

    PubMed

    Janke, Megan C; Nimrod, Galit; Kleiber, Douglas A

    2008-01-01

    There is relatively little evidence available about how leisure involvement changes with the death of a spouse and even less about how leisure activity is associated with the health and well-being of widows during this transition. Using data from the Americans Changing Lives (ACL) dataset, this study of 154 widows investigated change in leisure involvement during the transition to widowhood and examined the relationship between leisure activity reduction and widows' well-being. Results indicated a majority of widows reduced their involvement in leisure activity. Path models revealed that depressive symptoms and recovery from spousal loss were predictors of activity reduction, providing more support for the causal relationship of well-being influencing activity involvement than for activity influencing well-being. PMID:18581702

  4. Antioxidant vitamin intake and mortality: the Leisure World Cohort Study.

    PubMed

    Paganini-Hill, Annlia; Kawas, Claudia H; Corrada, María M

    2015-01-15

    To assess the relationship between antioxidant vitamin intake and all-cause mortality in older adults, we examined these associations using data from the Leisure World Cohort Study, a prospective study of residents of the Leisure World retirement community in Laguna Hills, California. In the early 1980s, participants (who were aged 44-101 years) completed a postal survey, which included details on use of vitamin supplements and dietary intake of foods containing vitamins A and C. Age-adjusted and multivariate-adjusted (for factors related to mortality in this cohort—smoking, alcohol intake, caffeine consumption, exercise, body mass index, and histories of hypertension, angina, heart attack, stroke, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, and cancer) hazard ratios for death were calculated using Cox regression for 8,640 women and 4,983 men (median age at entry, 74 years). During follow-up (1981-2013), 13,104 participants died (median age at death, 88 years). Neither dietary nor supplemental intake of vitamin A or vitamin C nor supplemental intake of vitamin E was significantly associated with mortality after multivariate adjustment. A compendium that summarizes previous findings of cohort studies evaluating vitamin intake and mortality is provided. Attenuation in the observed associations between mortality and antioxidant vitamin use after adjustment for confounders in our study and in previous studies suggests that such consumption identifies persons with other mortality-associated lifestyle and health risk factors. PMID:25550360

  5. How Reading Volume Affects Both Reading Fluency and Reading Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allington, Richard L.

    2014-01-01

    Long overlooked, reading volume is actually central to the development of reading proficiencies, especially in the development of fluent reading proficiency. Generally no one in schools monitors the actual volume of reading that children engage in. We know that the commonly used commercial core reading programs provide only material that requires…

  6. The Child and Leisure Time. 1970 White House Conference on Children, Report of Forum 21. (Working Copy).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Washington, DC.

    Creative leisure activities make a profound contribution to the child's emotional, psychological, physical, aesthetic, and spiritual growth. We, as a nation, have failed to emphasize the importance of leisure experiences upon the individual. The prime obstacles have been two prejudicial attitudes: (1) that leisure is intrinsically less worthy than…

  7. The Use of an iPad2 as a Leisure Activity for a Student with Multiple Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Helps, Dawn H.; Herzberg, Tina S.

    2013-01-01

    Participation in preferred leisure activities is intrinsically motivating and satisfying. Many individuals with and without disabilities enjoy informal leisure activities, such as watching movies, listening to music, shopping, and going out to eat (Dattilo, Estrella, Light, McNaughton, & Seabury, 2008). Sometimes leisure activities are provided to…

  8. Constraints on the habitability of extrasolar moons

    E-print Network

    Heller, René

    2012-01-01

    Detections of massive extrasolar moons are shown feasible with the Kepler space telescope. Kepler's findings of about 50 exoplanets in the stellar habitable zone naturally make us wonder about the habitability of their hypothetical moons. Illumination from the planet, eclipses, tidal heating, and tidal locking distinguish remote characterization of exomoons from that of exoplanets. We show how evaluation of an exomoon's habitability is possible based on the parameters accessible by current and near-future technology.

  9. Radiological Habits Survey: Hinkley Point, 2010

    E-print Network

    Radiological Habits Survey: Hinkley Point, 2010 2011 Environment Report RL 01/11 Cefas contract Radiological Habits Survey: Hinkley Point, 2010 F.J. Clyne, C.J. Garrod, P. Rumney, L.M. Hughes and V.E. Ly be cited as: Clyne, F.C., Garrod, C.J., Rumney, P., Hughes, L.M., and Ly, V.E., 2011. Radiological Habits

  10. Oral Reading Fluency in Second Language Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jeon, Eun Hee

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated the role of oral reading fluency in second language reading. Two hundred and fifty-five high school students in South Korea were assessed on three oral reading fluency (ORF) variables and six other reading predictors. The relationship between ORF and other reading predictors was examined through an exploratory factor…

  11. Does Extensive Reading Promote Reading Speed?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    He, Mu

    2014-01-01

    Research has shown a wide range of learning benefits accruing from extensive reading. Not only is there improvement in reading, but also in a wide range of language uses and areas of language knowledge. However, few research studies have examined reading speed. The existing literature on reading speed focused on students' reading speed…

  12. 7 habits of highly effective.

    PubMed

    McGuinness, Teena M; McElroy, Ellen

    2010-01-01

    There is a pressing need for psychiatric nurse authors to write about their professional image as well as issues they face in clinical practice. In this article, two psychiatric nurses describe how using Covey's The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People: Powerful Lessons in Personal Change can serve as a framework for increasing writing productivity. In addition, the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator can increase awareness of and appreciation for the strengths and differences in each author's writing style. Using these tools, writing can become a process of discovery. PMID:20102131

  13. Reading Poverty.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shannon, Patrick

    The central purpose of this book is to challenge current social constructions of poverty, reading education, and the putative relationship between the two. It explores how official and popular representations of poverty are bound to specific historical, social, and economic conditions of their own production. The book offers four stances of…

  14. Leisure repertoire among persons with a spinal cord injury: Interests, performance, and well-being

    PubMed Central

    Lundström, Ulrica; Lilja, Margareta; Petersson, Ingela; Lexell, Jan; Isaksson, Gunilla

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore and describe the leisure repertoire of persons with traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) and how the repertoire is related to interest, performance, and well-being. Design Cross-sectional study. Setting A total of 97 persons with traumatic SCI were recruited from the non-profit national organization, RG Active Rehabilitation in Sweden. Outcome measure Data were collected through a two-part postal survey. The first comprised of questions investigating socio-demographic variables and injury characteristics; the second part included an interest checklist with 20 areas of leisure activities. Results The participants were mostly interested in, performed, and experienced well-being from social and culture activities and TV/DVD/movies. The areas of leisure activities in which they had most likely experienced changes after the SCI were outdoor activities, exercise, and gardening. Sex, age, and to some extent, time since injury were related to interest, performance, well-being, and changed performance. Conclusions The results provided an explanation and limited description of a changed leisure repertoire among persons after a traumatic SCI. The study showed that sex, age, and time since injury were more closely related to the choice of leisure activities to include in the leisure repertoire than the level of injury. This knowledge can be of importance when professionals in the field of rehabilitation are planning and implementing interventions concerning leisure activities for persons with SCI. PMID:24090284

  15. Leisure activities and attitude of institutionalized elderly people: a basis for nursing practice1

    PubMed Central

    de Castro, Vivian Carla; Carreira, Lígia

    2015-01-01

    Aim: to identify the leisure activities performed in Long-Stay Institutions for the Elderly (LSIEs), registered in the city of Maringá-PR, Brazil, and to analyze the attitude of the elderly people toward leisure promoted by the institutions. METHOD: this was a descriptive and transversal study with a quantitative approach, carried out with 97 elderly people, through the establishment of the socio-demographic profile and the application of the Leisure Attitude Scale. The data was subjected to descriptive statistical analysis, association tests (chi-square or Fisher's) and Spearman's correlation. RESULTS: males, aged 80 or over, widowed, with one to eight years of study, who had a monthly income were predominant. Age group and income were significantly associated with the performance of leisure activities. The results reflected the positive attitude of the elderly people in relation to leisure activities, except in the behavioral component. CONCLUSION: the findings of this study indicate the need for further investigation into the difficulties linked to the attitude toward leisure in the behavioral component, considering aspects such as individual concepts of leisure and the health status of the elderly people. PMID:26039302

  16. Space station group activities habitability module study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nixon, David

    1986-01-01

    This study explores and analyzes architectural design approaches for the interior of the Space Station Habitability Module (originally defined as Habitability Module 1 in Space Station Reference Configuration Decription, JSC-19989, August 1984). In the Research Phase, architectural program and habitability design guidelines are specified. In the Schematic Design Phase, a range of alternative concepts is described and illustrated with drawings, scale-model photographs and design analysis evaluations. Recommendations are presented on the internal architectural, configuration of the Space Station Habitability Module for such functions as the wardroom, galley, exercise facility, library and station control work station. The models show full design configurations for on-orbit performance.

  17. The habitable zone and extreme planetary orbits.

    PubMed

    Kane, Stephen R; Gelino, Dawn M

    2012-10-01

    The habitable zone for a given star describes the range of circumstellar distances from the star within which a planet could have liquid water on its surface, which depends upon the stellar properties. Here we describe the development of the habitable zone concept, its application to our own solar system, and its subsequent application to exoplanetary systems. We further apply this to planets in extreme eccentric orbits and show how they may still retain life-bearing properties depending upon the percentage of the total orbit which is spent within the habitable zone. Key Words: Extrasolar planets-Habitable zone-Astrobiology. PMID:23035897

  18. College Students' Media Habits: A Pilot Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kamalipour, Yahya R.; Robinson, William L.; Nortman, Michael L.

    A study investigated the level of undergraduate college students' involvement with the electronic media (radio, television, movies, music) and print media (books, newspapers, magazines) as it relates to both study and leisure activities. During the 1992-94 academic years, 5100 questionnaires were distributed to college students across the United…

  19. The Dynamic Association between Healthy Leisure and Substance Use in South African Adolescents: A State and Trait Perspective

    PubMed Central

    Weybright, Elizabeth H.; Caldwell, Linda L.; Ram, Nilam; Smith, Edward; Jacobs, Joachim

    2014-01-01

    South Africa has an increasing adolescent substance use problem, lack of leisure opportunities and resources, and high adolescent discretionary time. How aspects of leisure relate to adolescent substance use is not well understood. Little research has been conducted on the leisure behaviors and experiences of South African adolescents, if and how those behaviors are associated with substance use, and ecological influences on those associations. By applying multi-level models to longitudinal data obtained from youth living in high-risk contexts, this research examines the association between state and trait healthy leisure and adolescent substance use and how perceived parental over-control moderates those associations. Results indicate healthy leisure protects against substance use at state and trait levels, provides empirical support that risk behavior can be addressed through leisure-based interventions, and emphasizes the importance of both short- and long-term processes when considering the context-dependent nature of adolescents’ leisure experiences. PMID:24948905

  20. The Dynamic Association between Healthy Leisure and Substance Use in South African Adolescents: A State and Trait Perspective.

    PubMed

    Weybright, Elizabeth H; Caldwell, Linda L; Ram, Nilam; Smith, Edward; Jacobs, Joachim

    2014-04-01

    South Africa has an increasing adolescent substance use problem, lack of leisure opportunities and resources, and high adolescent discretionary time. How aspects of leisure relate to adolescent substance use is not well understood. Little research has been conducted on the leisure behaviors and experiences of South African adolescents, if and how those behaviors are associated with substance use, and ecological influences on those associations. By applying multi-level models to longitudinal data obtained from youth living in high-risk contexts, this research examines the association between state and trait healthy leisure and adolescent substance use and how perceived parental over-control moderates those associations. Results indicate healthy leisure protects against substance use at state and trait levels, provides empirical support that risk behavior can be addressed through leisure-based interventions, and emphasizes the importance of both short- and long-term processes when considering the context-dependent nature of adolescents' leisure experiences. PMID:24948905

  1. Leisure items as controls in the attention condition of functional analyses.

    PubMed

    McCord, Brandon E; Neef, Nancy A

    2005-01-01

    Leisure items (e.g., games, toys) are commonly made available as controls during attention conditions of functional analyses (Ringdahl, Winborn, Andelman, & Kitsukawa, 2002). However, Ringdahl et al. raised questions about this practice. This paper reviews research that supports and conflicts with the inclusion of leisure items as controls, including a quantitative analysis of relevant articles published in the Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis over a 10-year period. Data reviewed suggest that practitioners may consider omitting leisure items as controls or including such items strategically based on the accumulation of assessment information. PMID:16270852

  2. Health benefits of serious involvement in leisure activities among older Korean adults

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Junhyoung; Yamada, Naoko; Heo, Jinmoo; Han, Areum

    2014-01-01

    The existing literature suggests that serious engagement in leisure activities leads to happiness, life satisfaction, and successful aging among older adults. This qualitative study was used to examine the benefits of serious involvement in leisure activities among older Korean adults who were members of a sports club. Using an analytic data analysis, we identified three main themes associated with the benefits of serious engagement in leisure activities: 1) the experience of psychological benefits, 2) the creation of social support, and 3) the enhancement of physical health. These themes indicate that, through serious involvement in certain physical activities, participants gain various health benefits, which may contribute to successful aging. PMID:25059979

  3. Evaluation of Reading Attitudes of 8th Grade Students in Primary Education According to Various Variables

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sahbaz, Namik Kemal

    2012-01-01

    Reading skill is a cognitive process in which the words are perceived, given a meaning, comprehended and then interpreted. The last year in primary education is a critical period when this skill is changed into a habit. As reading attitudes are important for an individual throughout the life, it is necessary to determine according to which…

  4. Dynamical habitability of planetary systems.

    PubMed

    Dvorak, Rudolf; Pilat-Lohinger, Elke; Bois, Eric; Schwarz, Richard; Funk, Barbara; Beichman, Charles; Danchi, William; Eiroa, Carlos; Fridlund, Malcolm; Henning, Thomas; Herbst, Tom; Kaltenegger, Lisa; Lammer, Helmut; Léger, Alain; Liseau, René; Lunine, Jonathan; Paresce, Francesco; Penny, Alan; Quirrenbach, Andreas; Röttgering, Huub; Selsis, Frank; Schneider, Jean; Stam, Daphne; Tinetti, Giovanna; White, Glenn J

    2010-01-01

    The problem of the stability of planetary systems, a question that concerns only multiplanetary systems that host at least two planets, is discussed. The problem of mean motion resonances is addressed prior to discussion of the dynamical structure of the more than 350 known planets. The difference with regard to our own Solar System with eight planets on low eccentricity is evident in that 60% of the known extrasolar planets have orbits with eccentricity e > 0.2. We theoretically highlight the studies concerning possible terrestrial planets in systems with a Jupiter-like planet. We emphasize that an orbit of a particular nature only will keep a planet within the habitable zone around a host star with respect to the semimajor axis and its eccentricity. In addition, some results are given for individual systems (e.g., Gl777A) with regard to the stability of orbits within habitable zones. We also review what is known about the orbits of planets in double-star systems around only one component (e.g., gamma Cephei) and around both stars (e.g., eclipsing binaries). PMID:20307181

  5. Habitable Planets with High Obliquities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Williams, D. M.; Kasting, J. F.

    1996-03-01

    The obliquities of the terrestrial planets have been shown to vary chaotically and by large amounts in times less than 10 Myr, thus inviting the possibility for Earth to occasionally reach high obliquity where it might experience climatic conditions unfavorable for life. Although Earth escapes this fate by having its rotation axis stabilized by the Moon, many extrasolar Earth-like planets without large satellites should be subjected to periods of high obliquity. The number of worlds supporting life outside the Solar System, then, may be far fewer than has been suggested if high obliquities render moon-less Earths uninhabitable. Climates at high obliquity are particularly harsh on middle and high latitude continents that warm and cool rapidly in response to large insolation swings. These areas exhibit a wide range of temperatures over a seasonal cycle, with extremes reaching well above or below 273 Kelvin, making them seasonally unsuitable for water-dependent life. We demonstrate here that Earth-like planets will have their temperature extremes mitigated at high obliquity if they possess dense CO2 atmospheres, as is likely for many planets situated in the outer habitable zone (HZ) of a Sun-like star. The climate stabilizing mechanism governing atmospheric CO2 on Earth-like planets is carbonate-silicate weathering. Planets with atmospheres rich in CO2 demonstrate small latitudinal temperature gradients and seasonal temperature cycles, and thus remain habitable at high obliquities.

  6. TIDAL LIMITS TO PLANETARY HABITABILITY

    SciTech Connect

    Barnes, Rory [Department of Astronomy, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195-1580 (United States); Jackson, Brian; Greenberg, Richard [Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Raymond, Sean N. [Virtual Planetary Laboratory (United States)

    2009-07-20

    The habitable zones (HZs) of main-sequence stars have traditionally been defined as the range of orbits that intercept the appropriate amount of stellar flux to permit surface water on a planet. Terrestrial exoplanets discovered to orbit M stars in these zones, which are close-in due to decreased stellar luminosity, may also undergo significant tidal heating. Tidal heating may span a wide range for terrestrial exoplanets and may significantly affect conditions near the surface. For example, if heating rates on an exoplanet are near or greater than that on Io (where tides drive volcanism that resurfaces the planet at least every 1 Myr) and produce similar surface conditions, then the development of life seems unlikely. On the other hand, if the tidal heating rate is less than the minimum to initiate plate tectonics, then CO{sub 2} may not be recycled through subduction, leading to a runaway greenhouse that sterilizes the planet. These two cases represent potential boundaries to habitability and are presented along with the range of the traditional HZ for main-sequence, low-mass stars. We propose a revised HZ that incorporates both stellar insolation and tidal heating. We apply these criteria to GJ 581 d and find that it is in the traditional HZ, but its tidal heating alone may be insufficient for plate tectonics.

  7. Characteristics of Oral-Digital Habits

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Patrick C. Friman; Michelle R. Byrd; Erin M. Oksol

    This chapter will discuss the two predominant forms of oral-digital habits, thumb\\/finger sucking (finger sucking hereafter) and onychophagia (nail biting hereafter) in terms of their demographics, phenomenology, causes, functions, and clinical associations. The two habits are obviously similar topographically. The extent to which this similarity extends to these other topics will be explored, but only briefly. The differential size and

  8. Habitability of Planets Orbiting Cool Stars

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rory Barnes; Victoria S. Meadows; Shawn D. Domagal-Goldman; Rene Heller; Brian Jackson; Mercedes Lopez-Morales; Angelle Tanner; Natalia Gomez-Perez; Thomas Ruedas

    2010-01-01

    Terrestrial planets are more likely to be detected if they orbit M dwarfs due to the favorable planet\\/star size and mass ratios. However, M dwarf habitable zones are significantly closer to the star than the one around our Sun, which leads to different requirements for planetary habitability and its detection. We review 1) the current limits to detection, 2) the

  9. Habit: Subtle Technology Barrier and Tool.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boettcher, Judith

    2000-01-01

    Discusses the use of information technology, technology diffusion and reinvention, and technology adoption and implementation. Considers the change process in higher education and the need to develop good computer habits and overcome old habits that are based on old teaching and learning methods. (LRW)

  10. Influence of Living Habits on Roommate Compatibility.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beil, Cheryl; Green, Susan K.

    1986-01-01

    Analyzed students' (N=282) responses to questions about personal habits and roommate and residence hall preferences, to explore the influence of habit variables on roommate compatibility. Found that matching roommates on potential causes of conflict had some effect on interaction and compatibility. (ABB)

  11. Genetic Influences on Adolescent Eating Habits

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beaver, Kevin M.; Flores, Tori; Boutwell, Brian B.; Gibson, Chris L.

    2012-01-01

    Behavioral genetic research shows that variation in eating habits and food consumption is due to genetic and environmental factors. The current study extends this line of research by examining the genetic contribution to adolescent eating habits. Analysis of sibling pairs drawn from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health)…

  12. Diver's Lung Function: Influence of Smoking Habit

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shinya SUZUKI

    1997-01-01

    Diver's Lung Function: Influence of Smoking Habit: Shinya SUZUKI. Japan Maritime Self- Defense Force Undersea Medical Center—To assess the influence of smoking habit on divers' lung function, we measured static lung volumes, dynamic lung volumes and flows and diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (DLco) on 71 healthy, male, JMSDF active-duty uniformed divers (46 smokers and 25 nonsmokers). All measurements were

  13. SETI and SEH (Statistical Equation for Habitables)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Claudio Maccone

    2011-01-01

    The statistics of habitable planets may be based on a set of ten (and possibly more) astrobiological requirements first pointed out by Stephen H. Dole in his book “Habitable planets for man” (1964). In this paper, we first provide the statistical generalization of the original and by now too simplistic Dole equation. In other words, a product of ten positive

  14. Serious leisure, participation and experience in tourism: authenticity and ritual in a renaissance festival 

    E-print Network

    Kim, Hyounggon

    2005-02-17

    of serious leisure as defined by Stebbins, in the context of festivals, and to understand the meanings associated with festival participation. Following a qualitative (constructivism paradigm) research frame, the data were collected through participant...

  15. Some Patterns of Reported Leisure Behavior of Young People: A Longitudinal Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, David M.

    1987-01-01

    Addresses the significance of youth as a social category by studying 11- through 16-year-olds in one Scottish city. Examines disjunctions in leisure patterns that coincide with the following variables: (1) age, (2) gender, and (3) class. (LHW)

  16. The Impact of Inflation and Recession on Urban Leisure in New Orleans

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wagner, Frederick W.; Donohue, Thomas R.

    1976-01-01

    The impact of inflation and recession on the leisure behavior of different economic and cultural groups resulted in a change of free time activities in all groups to some extent with the exception of the highest income level. (JD)

  17. Leisure-Time Exercise Could Lower Your Risk of High Blood Pressure

    MedlinePLUS

    ... News on Heart.org Learn More Leisure-time exercise could lower your risk of high blood pressure ... high blood pressure than people who didn’t exercise much. Physical activity at work was not linked ...

  18. Leisure Activities and Risk of Vascular Cognitive Impairment in Older Adults

    PubMed Central

    Verghese, Joe; Wang, Cuiling; Katz, Mindy J.; Sanders, Amy; Lipton, Richard B.

    2009-01-01

    “Vascular cognitive impairment” refers to cognitive impairment caused or associated with vascular risk factors, and encompasses a cognitive spectrum ranging from mild cognitive impairment to dementia. We examined the association of leisure activity participation to risk of developing VCI in the Bronx aging study. Over 21 years, 71 of the 401 participants who were free of dementia or VCI at entry developed VCI (49 participants with VCI without dementia). We derived Cognitive and Physical Activity Scales based on frequency of leisure activity participation. A 1-point increase on the Cognitive, but not Physical Activity Scale, was associated with lower risk of VCI (hazard ratio 0.931, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.895–0.970) in Cox analysis. Participation in cognitive but not physical leisure activities is associated with lower risk of VCI with or without dementia. Prospective studies and clinical trials are needed to define the causal role of cognitive leisure activities in influencing vascular risk for cognitive decline. PMID:19307322

  19. Experiences of habit formation: a qualitative study.

    PubMed

    Lally, Phillippa; Wardle, Jane; Gardner, Benjamin

    2011-08-01

    Habit formation is an important goal for behaviour change interventions because habitual behaviours are elicited automatically and are therefore likely to be maintained. This study documented experiences of habit development in 10 participants enrolled on a weight loss intervention explicitly based on habit-formation principles. Thematic analysis revealed three themes: Strategies used to support initial engagement in a novel behaviour; development of behavioural automaticity; and selecting effective cues to support repeated behaviour. Results showed that behaviour change was initially experienced as cognitively effortful but as automaticity increased, enactment became easier. Habits were typically formed in work-based contexts. Weekends and vacations temporarily disrupted performance due to absence of associated cues, but habits were reinstated on return to work. Implications for theory and practice are discussed. PMID:21749245

  20. Cluster headache and lifestyle habits.

    PubMed

    Schürks, Markus; Diener, Hans-Christoph

    2008-04-01

    Cluster headache (CH) has traditionally been associated with certain anthropometric features, personality traits, and lifestyle features. This article focuses on lifestyle features in patients with CH. Especially excessive smoking and alcohol consumption have been ascribed to patients with CH. Despite country-specific habits and a time trend, smoking is much more prevalent among CH patients compared with the general population. Although excessive alcohol consumption was reported in early studies, this was not corroborated more recently. On the contrary, patients with CH seem to avoid alcohol, particularly during active phases, likely due to its ability to trigger attacks. Present studies are purely descriptive. Thus, the associations sketched give no information about the long-term effects of smoking or alcohol consumption on the course of CH. PMID:18474191

  1. Habitability and Life - an Overview

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bredehöft, J. H.

    2008-09-01

    Abstract The search for habitable planets has seen a significant boost, since much effort was invested into development of newer and more powerful techniques of detecting such planetary bodies. This search is fuelled by the interest that is sparked by its help in answering the bigger question of the origin of life on Earth and its abundance in the universe. Traditionally a planetary body has been deemed habitable when it provides conditions under which water is liquid. This led to the formulation of a habitable zone across stars, in which liquid water can exist. [1] Liquid water remains to this day the single most important feature in the search for life. There have been various suggestions of life being present in waterless environments like liquid hydrocarbons or even liquid ammonia, but how exactly a living system under such conditions might work, no one can satisfactorily explain. [2] A very important point in this context that is not often raised is that while water might be a favourable medium in which to live and certainly a major constituent of all living organism we know of, water alone is not alive and it will not spontaneously evolve into life. It would thus seem that apart from the presence of liquid water there a number of other, minor, necessary ingredients to life that determine whether a planet is habitable (meaning capable of sustaining life) or whether it is also capable of providing the starting grounds for the evolution of living systems. These other ingredients are determined by the minimum requirements of life itself. They include the molecular components of the most primitive encasing of an organism, the most primitive molecules needed for something like a metabolism and the most primitive way of storing information. [3] In addition to these molecular components, life must be able to utilise a source of energy to drive chemical reactions. Observations of various extremophiles on Earth utilising all kinds disequilibria suggest that these can be very diverse. The exact nature of these other ingredients, their possible presence and history of formation and their impact for the formation and evolution of life will be discussed for several different types of habitats all across the regime in which liquid water can be found, such as very dry and cold bodies like Mars, hot bodies like Venus, bodies covered completely in water or bodies with subsurface oceans. References [1] Kasting J.F., Whitmire D.P., Reynolds R.T., (1993) Icarus 101(1), 108-128 [2] Benner S.A., Ricardo A., Carrigan M.A. (2004) Curr Opin Chem Biol 8(6), 672-689 [3] Ruiz-Mirazo K., Peretó J., Moreno A., (2004) OLEB 34(3), 323-346 EPSC Abstracts, Vol. 3, EPSC2008-A-00039, 2008 European Planetary Science Congress, Author(s) 2008

  2. Busy travelers: Leisure-travel patterns and meanings in later life

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Heather J. Gibson

    2002-01-01

    For many later lire and retirement are characterized by the freedom to pursue activities that have been postponed from earlier life stages. One such activity especially for middle-class Americans, is leisure-travel. Face to face semi-structured interviews were conducted with six men and five women ranging in age from 65 to 90 years asking them about their leisure-travel patterns and the

  3. The Relationship Between Social Leisure and Life Satisfaction: Causality and Policy Implications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Leonardo BecchettiElena; Elena Giachin Ricca; Alessandra Pelloni

    Social leisure is generally found to be positively correlated with life satisfaction in the empirical literature. We ask if\\u000a this association captures a genuine causal effect by using panel data from the GSOEP. Our identification strategy exploits\\u000a the change in social leisure brought about by retirement, since the latter is an event after which the time investable in\\u000a (the outside

  4. What makes a planet habitable?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lammer, H.; Bredehöft, J. H.; Coustenis, A.; Khodachenko, M. L.; Kaltenegger, L.; Grasset, O.; Prieur, D.; Raulin, F.; Ehrenfreund, P.; Yamauchi, M.; Wahlund, J.-E.; Grießmeier, J.-M.; Stangl, G.; Cockell, C. S.; Kulikov, Yu. N.; Grenfell, J. L.; Rauer, H.

    2009-06-01

    This work reviews factors which are important for the evolution of habitable Earth-like planets such as the effects of the host star dependent radiation and particle fluxes on the evolution of atmospheres and initial water inventories. We discuss the geodynamical and geophysical environments which are necessary for planets where plate tectonics remain active over geological time scales and for planets which evolve to one-plate planets. The discoveries of methane-ethane surface lakes on Saturn’s large moon Titan, subsurface water oceans or reservoirs inside the moons of Solar System gas giants such as Europa, Ganymede, Titan and Enceladus and more than 335 exoplanets, indicate that the classical definition of the habitable zone concept neglects more exotic habitats and may fail to be adequate for stars which are different from our Sun. A classification of four habitat types is proposed. Class I habitats represent bodies on which stellar and geophysical conditions allow Earth-analog planets to evolve so that complex multi-cellular life forms may originate. Class II habitats includes bodies on which life may evolve but due to stellar and geophysical conditions that are different from the class I habitats, the planets rather evolve toward Venus- or Mars-type worlds where complex life-forms may not develop. Class III habitats are planetary bodies where subsurface water oceans exist which interact directly with a silicate-rich core, while class IV habitats have liquid water layers between two ice layers, or liquids above ice. Furthermore, we discuss from the present viewpoint how life may have originated on early Earth, the possibilities that life may evolve on such Earth-like bodies and how future space missions may discover manifestations of extraterrestrial life.

  5. Habitable planets with high obliquities.

    PubMed

    Williams, D M; Kasting, J F

    1997-01-01

    Earth's obliquity would vary chaotically from 0 degrees to 85 degrees were it not for the presence of the Moon (J. Laskar, F. Joutel, and P. Robutel, 1993, Nature 361, 615-617). The Moon itself is thought to be an accident of accretion, formed by a glancing blow from a Mars-sized planetesimal. Hence, planets with similar moons and stable obliquities may be extremely rare. This has lead Laskar and colleagues to suggest that the number of Earth-like planets with high obliquities and temperate, life-supporting climates may be small. To test this proposition, we have used an energy-balance climate model to simulate Earth's climate at obliquities up to 90 degrees. We show that Earth's climate would become regionally severe in such circumstances, with large seasonal cycles and accompanying temperature extremes on middle- and high-latitude continents which might be damaging to many forms of life. The response of other, hypothetical, Earth-like planets to large obliquity fluctuations depends on their land-sea distribution and on their position within the habitable zone (HZ) around their star. Planets with several modest-sized continents or equatorial supercontinents are more climatically stable than those with polar supercontinents. Planets farther out in the HZ are less affected by high obliquities because their atmospheres should accumulate CO2 in response to the carbonate-silicate cycle. Dense, CO2-rich atmospheres transport heat very effectively and therefore limit the magnitude of both seasonal cycles and latitudinal temperature gradients. We conclude that a significant fraction of extrasolar Earth-like planets may still be habitable, even if they are subject to large obliquity fluctuations. PMID:11541242

  6. Reading for Fun: A Study of Materials for Mexican and Spanish-American, Puerto Rican, Cuban and other Latin American Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Development Associates, Inc., Washington, DC.

    A survey of selected neighborhoods in eight cities was conducted to determine the relevance, availability and utilization of leisure-time reading materials in both English and Spanish for Hispanic-American children. Spanish-speaking children, parents, teachers, librarians, educators and community workers were interviewed in each of the eight…

  7. Close Reading Exemplar: "The Great Fire"

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Student Achievement Partners for Just Read, Florida!

    2012-09-08

    The goal of this three day exemplar is to give students the opportunity to use the reading and writing habits they’ve been practicing on a regular basis to explore the historic Great Fire of Chicago. By reading and rereading the passage closely combined with classroom discussion about it, students will explore the historical truths related to poverty, city construction, and city services that led to the disaster. In this reading, students learn about historical disasters, but they may not fully comprehend causes or how human actions, nature, or even luck contributed to them, rendering history a flat subject to be memorized rather than explored. When combined with writing about the passage and teacher feedback, students will better understand the dangers inherent in cities and the government role in mitigating that danger.

  8. Association between Sleep Disturbances and Leisure Activities in the Elderly: A Comparison between Men and Women

    PubMed Central

    Hellström, Amanda; Hellström, Patrik; Fagerström, Cecilia

    2014-01-01

    It has been suggested that physical or social activity is associated with fewer sleep disturbances among elderly people. Women report more sleep disturbances than men, which could indicate a variation in activity patterns between the genders. The aim of this study was to investigate associations between sleep disturbances and leisure activities in men and women (n = 945) aged ?60 years in a Swedish population. Sleep disturbances were measured using eight dichotomous questions and seventeen variables, covering a wide range of leisure activities. Few leisure activities were found to be associated with sleep disturbances and their importance decreased when the models were adjusted for confounders and gender interactions. After clustering the leisure activities and investigating individual activities, sociointellectual activities were shown to be significant for sleep. However, following adjustment for confounders and gender interactions, home maintenance was the only activity significant for sleep. Being a female increased the effect of home maintenance. Besides those leisure activities, poor/fair self-rated health (OR 7.50, CI: 4.27–11.81) and being female (OR 4.86, CI: 2.75–8.61) were found to have the highest association with poor sleep. Leisure activities pursued by elderly people should focus on activities of a sociointellectual nature, especially among women, to promote sleep. PMID:24575303

  9. Reading for Pleasure: A Reading Resource Room.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Battles, Jane; Tambuscio, Colleen

    1991-01-01

    A reading resource room was developed for 59 deaf and hard-of-hearing secondary-level students, to improve vocabulary and reading skills and encourage reading for pleasure. Books of interest to teenagers with limited reading levels were located from several publishing companies and were arranged in a space with shelves and comfortable seating.…

  10. Extensive Reading Quizzes and Reading Attitudes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stoeckel, Tim; Reagan, Nevitt; Hann, Fergus

    2012-01-01

    Extensive reading (ER) has become a common feature of many English as a second or foreign language (ESL/EFL) programs. There is evidence that reading large amounts of easy, interesting material may improve foreign language skills, most notably in vocabulary, reading rates, and overall proficiency. However, teacher evaluation of extensive reading

  11. Reading for Meaning: A Guided Reading Approach.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malik, Stephanie

    1996-01-01

    Discusses a whole-language approach to teaching guided reading to deaf students. Each morning, a written letter, using vocabulary and syntax in accordance with students' reading ability, previews the day's events. With teacher guidance, students explore their reading skills in groups to encourage application of reading strategies in a natural…

  12. Slow Reading: Reading along "Lectio" Lines

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Badley, K. Jo-Ann; Badley, Ken

    2011-01-01

    The medieval monastic movement preserved and developed reading practices--lectio--from ancient Greek pedagogy as a slow, mindful approach to reading for formation. This ancient way of reading, now better known as lectio divina, challenges the fast, pragmatic reading so characteristic of our time. We propose that the present moment may be ripe for…

  13. Second Language Reading: Reading, Language, and Metacognition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carrell, Patricia L.

    A study investigated the role of metacognitive skills and the conception of reading in the reading comprehension of adult native speakers of Spanish and English. The study differed from others in its examination of reading conceptions and comprehension in both the first and second languages. Results suggest that both first language reading ability…

  14. Reading To Learn: Study Reading for All?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelly, Virginia

    This paper discusses the concept of "study reading" as used at a learning disabilities clinic at the University of Southampton, England. Study reading is defined as attentive reading to learn and remember, as different from reading that is performed simply to follow a narrative or browsing for one's own, self-set purposes. Results obtained with…

  15. Pleasure Reading and Reading Rate Gains

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beglar, David; Hunt, Alan

    2014-01-01

    This study investigated the effects of (a) the amount of pleasure reading completed, (b) the type of texts read (i.e., simplified or unsimplified books), and (c) the level of simplified texts read by 14 Japanese university students who made the largest reading rate gains over one academic year. The findings indicated that the participants who made…

  16. Habitability design elements for a space station

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dalton, M. C.

    1983-01-01

    Habitability in space refers to the components, characteristics, conditions, and design parameters that go beyond but include the basic life sustaining requirements. Elements of habitability covered include internal environment, architecture, mobility and restraint, food, clothing, personal hygiene, housekeeping, communications, and crew activities. All elements are interrelated and need to be treated as an overall discipline. Designing for a space station is similar to designing on earth but with 'space rules' instead of ground rules. It is concluded that some habitability problems require behavioral science solutions.

  17. The Habitable Zone and Extreme Planetary Orbits

    E-print Network

    Kane, Stephen R

    2012-01-01

    The Habitable Zone for a given star describes the range of circumstellar distances from the star within which a planet could have liquid water on its surface, which depends upon the stellar properties. Here we describe the development of the Habitable Zone concept, its application to our own Solar System, and its subsequent application to exoplanetary systems. We further apply this to planets in extreme eccentric orbits and show how they may still retain lifebearing properties depending upon the percentage of the total orbit which is spent within the Habitable Zone.

  18. Leisure-Time Screen-Based Sedentary Behavior and Leukocyte Telomere Length: Implications for a New Leisure-Time Screen-Based Sedentary Behavior Mechanism.

    PubMed

    Loprinzi, Paul D

    2015-06-01

    The field of sedentary behavior epidemiology is emerging. Short leukocyte telomere length (LTL) is a hallmark characteristic of aging, but LTL is also associated with morbidity and mortality independent of age. To my knowledge, only one study has examined the association between sedentary behavior and LTL. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between screen-based sedentary behavior and LTL. Data from the 1999-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used (N=6405; age, 20-84 years). Leisure-time screen-based sedentary behavior (television, video games, computer use) was assessed via questionnaire, and LTL was extracted from DNA in whole blood with the LTL assay performed using quantitative polymerase chain reaction. After adjustments (including age and physical activity), for every 1-hour increase in leisure-time screen-based sedentary behavior, participants had a 7% increased odds (odds ratio, 1.07; 95% CI, 1.00-1.13; P=.04) of having LTL in the lowest tertile (vs highest); leisure-time screen-based sedentary behavior was not associated with values in the middle (vs highest) tertile (odds ratio, 1.01; 95% CI, 0.95-1.07; P=.62). The results of this study revealed that greater leisure-time screen-based sedentary behavior is associated with shorter LTL. PMID:25944259

  19. Diapering habits: a global perspective.

    PubMed

    Thaman, Lauren A; Eichenfield, Lawrence F

    2014-11-01

    There are tremendous variations in diapering practices, reflecting varying cultural practices and regional difference. Around the world, more than 134 million babies are born each year, a rate of 255 births per minute or 4.3 births each second. While global population growth has been steadily declining from its peak in 1963, several regions, including the Middle East and Sub-Saharan Africa, continue to maintain high birth rates. Though the essential needs of infants are largely similar, family habits and practices during early years of life vary dramatically. This article surveys data documenting variations in diaper frequency, types, and duration of use internationally, including age of toilet training. These factors may influence diaper rash and skin health of infants and young children. Much of this data was collected as part of analysis of the international commercial diaper market, evaluated and organized as part of an international initiative on Global Infant Skin Care, and presented to a panel of experts for critique and commentary in a symposium held in December, 2013. PMID:25403934

  20. Parents Teach Reading, Too.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clary, Linda Mixon

    Parents and teachers need to be involved in teaching children to read and to enjoy reading. There are three planks in a platform that will help all parents become involved in their children's learning to read. First, parents must set the example. If they want their children to read, parents must read around them and to them. Secondly, they must…

  1. Setting the Stage for Habitable Planets

    PubMed Central

    Gonzalez, Guillermo

    2014-01-01

    Our understanding of the processes that are relevant to the formation and maintenance of habitable planetary systems is advancing at a rapid pace, both from observation and theory. The present review focuses on recent research that bears on this topic and includes discussions of processes occurring in astrophysical, geophysical and climatic contexts, as well as the temporal evolution of planetary habitability. Special attention is given to recent observations of exoplanets and their host stars and the theories proposed to explain the observed trends. Recent theories about the early evolution of the Solar System and how they relate to its habitability are also summarized. Unresolved issues requiring additional research are pointed out, and a framework is provided for estimating the number of habitable planets in the Universe. PMID:25370028

  2. Habitability of Planets Orbiting Cool Stars

    E-print Network

    Barnes, Rory; Domagal-Goldman, Shawn D; Heller, Rene; Jackson, Brian; Lopez-Morales, Mercedes; Tanner, Angelle; Gomez-Perez, Natalia; Ruedas, Thomas

    2010-01-01

    Terrestrial planets are more likely to be detected if they orbit M dwarfs due to the favorable planet/star size and mass ratios. However, M dwarf habitable zones are significantly closer to the star than the one around our Sun, which leads to different requirements for planetary habitability and its detection. We review 1) the current limits to detection, 2) the role of M dwarf spectral energy distributions on atmospheric chemistry, 3) tidal effects, stressing that tidal locking is not synonymous with synchronous rotation, 4) the role of atmospheric mass loss and propose that some habitable worlds may be the volatile-rich, evaporated cores of giant planets, and 5) the role of planetary rotation and magnetic field generation, emphasizing that slow rotation does not preclude strong magnetic fields and their shielding of the surface from stellar activity. Finally we present preliminary findings of the NASA Astrobiology Institute's workshop "Revisiting the Habitable Zone." We assess the recently-announced planet ...

  3. Habitable piers : an alternative for urban expansion

    E-print Network

    Lin, Chin Yuan, M. Arch. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    1990-01-01

    This thesis is an investigation into an alternative way of urban expansion for a seaside community. This thesis proposes a habitable urban environment on the water by creating for an exchange between the built urban landscape ...

  4. Development of the Eating Habits Questionnaire 

    E-print Network

    Graham, Erin Collins

    2005-02-17

    The purpose of the studies presented was to develop and examine the psychometric properties of the Eating Habits Questionnaire (EHQ). The author designed the 21-item self-report inventory to assess cognitions, behaviors, and feelings related...

  5. Investigating habits: strategies, technologies and models

    E-print Network

    Smith, Kyle S.

    Understanding habits at a biological level requires a combination of behavioral observations and measures of ongoing neural activity. Theoretical frameworks as well as definitions of habitual behaviors emerging from classic ...

  6. An evaluation of Skylab habitability hardware

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stokes, J.

    1974-01-01

    For effective mission performance, participants in space missions lasting 30-60 days or longer must be provided with hardware to accommodate their personal needs. Such habitability hardware was provided on Skylab. Equipment defined as habitability hardware was that equipment composing the food system, water system, sleep system, waste management system, personal hygiene system, trash management system, and entertainment equipment. Equipment not specifically defined as habitability hardware but which served that function were the Wardroom window, the exercise equipment, and the intercom system, which was occasionally used for private communications. All Skylab habitability hardware generally functioned as intended for the three missions, and most items could be considered as adequate concepts for future flights of similar duration. Specific components were criticized for their shortcomings.

  7. Investigating habits: strategies, technologies and models

    PubMed Central

    Smith, Kyle S.; Graybiel, Ann M.

    2014-01-01

    Understanding habits at a biological level requires a combination of behavioral observations and measures of ongoing neural activity. Theoretical frameworks as well as definitions of habitual behaviors emerging from classic behavioral research have been enriched by new approaches taking account of the identification of brain regions and circuits related to habitual behavior. Together, this combination of experimental and theoretical work has provided key insights into how brain circuits underlying action-learning and action-selection are organized, and how a balance between behavioral flexibility and fixity is achieved. New methods to monitor and manipulate neural activity in real time are allowing us to have a first look “under the hood” of a habit as it is formed and expressed. Here we discuss ideas emerging from such approaches. We pay special attention to the unexpected findings that have arisen from our own experiments suggesting that habitual behaviors likely require the simultaneous activity of multiple distinct components, or operators, seen as responsible for the contrasting dynamics of neural activity in both cortico-limbic and sensorimotor circuits recorded concurrently during different stages of habit learning. The neural dynamics identified thus far do not fully meet expectations derived from traditional models of the structure of habits, and the behavioral measures of habits that we have made also are not fully aligned with these models. We explore these new clues as opportunities to refine an understanding of habits. PMID:24574988

  8. Habitable worlds with no signs of life

    PubMed Central

    Cockell, Charles S.

    2014-01-01

    ‘Most habitable worlds in the cosmos will have no remotely detectable signs of life’ is proposed as a biological hypothesis to be tested in the study of exoplanets. Habitable planets could be discovered elsewhere in the Universe, yet there are many hypothetical scenarios whereby the search for life on them could yield negative results. Scenarios for habitable worlds with no remotely detectable signatures of life include: planets that are habitable, but have no biosphere (Uninhabited Habitable Worlds); planets with life, but lacking any detectable surface signatures of that life (laboratory examples are provided); and planets with life, where the concentrations of atmospheric gases produced or removed by biota are impossible to disentangle from abiotic processes because of the lack of detailed knowledge of planetary conditions (the ‘problem of exoplanet thermodynamic uncertainty’). A rejection of the hypothesis would require that the origin of life usually occurs on habitable planets, that spectrally detectable pigments and/or metabolisms that produce unequivocal biosignature gases (e.g. oxygenic photosynthesis) usually evolve and that the organisms that harbour them usually achieve a sufficient biomass to produce biosignatures detectable to alien astronomers. PMID:24664917

  9. Prevalence and characteristics of tinnitus after leisure noise exposure in young adults.

    PubMed

    Degeest, Sofie; Corthals, Paul; Vinck, Bart; Keppler, Hannah

    2014-01-01

    The main goal of this study was to assess the prevalence and characteristics of tinnitus among students after exposure to leisure noise. In addition, the effects of tinnitus on otoacoustic emissions (OAEs) in participants suffering from chronic tinnitus were evaluated. The study consisted of two parts. First, a questionnaire regarding leisure noise exposure and tinnitus was completed. Second, the hearing status of the subjects suffering from chronic tinnitus was evaluated and compared with a matched control group (CG). Furthermore, the psychoacoustical characteristics of their tinnitus in the chronic tinnitus group (TG) were established. The questionnaire was answered by 151 respondents. Seven persons suffering from chronic tinnitus were examined further in the second part of the study. Transient tinnitus was observed in 73.5% of the respondents after leisure noise exposure and 6.6% experienced chronic tinnitus. Transient and chronic tinnitus had similar characteristics, as established by the questionnaire. The amplitude of transient evoked otoacoustic emissions and distortion product otoacoustic emissions was reduced and the amount of efferent suppression was smaller in the TG as compared with the CG. Tinnitus induced by leisure noise is observed frequently in young adults. The characteristics of tinnitus cannot predict whether it will have a transient or rather a chronic nature. In subjects suffering from tinnitus, subclinical damage that cannot be detected by audiometry can be demonstrated by measuring OAEs. These findings underpin the importance of educating youth about the risks of noise exposure during leisure activities. PMID:24583677

  10. The influence of physical exercise and leisure activity on neuropsychological functioning in older adults.

    PubMed

    Antunes, Hanna Karen Moreira; Santos-Galduroz, Ruth Ferreira; De Aquino Lemos, Valdir; Bueno, Orlando Francisco Amodeu; Rzezak, Patrícia; de Santana, Marcos Gonçalves; De Mello, Marco Túlio

    2015-08-01

    It has been suggested that leisure activity and physical exercise can be a protective factor for neuropsychological functions and are associated with a reduced risk of dementia. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of physical exercise and leisure on the neuropsychological functions of healthy older adults. The sample was composed of 51 sedentary female volunteers who were 60-70 years old and were distributed into three groups: A-control, B-leisure, and C-training. Volunteers were submitted to a physical and neuropsychological assessment at baseline and after 6 months. Groups A and B were monitored longitudinally three times a week. Group C improved their neuropsychological functioning and oxygen consumption compared to groups A and B (p?=?<0.05). The neuropsychological functions of groups A and B were significantly worse after 6 months of monitoring (p?=?<0.05). The data suggest that physical exercise improves neuropsychological functioning, although leisure activities may also improve this functioning. Thus, an aerobic physical fitness program can partially serve as a non-medication alternative for maintaining and improving these functions in older adults; however, leisure activities should also be considered. PMID:26169946

  11. Back to the future: The potential relationship between leisure and education.

    PubMed

    Fleming, David S; Allen, Lawrence R; Barcelona, Robert J

    2011-01-01

    There is a long, documented history of the relationships among leisure, recreation, and education dating back to Greek philosophy.Originally there was little differentiation among the terms as they were presented as a unified process for youth and human development. Over time, each of these fields has developed, and their definitions have been shaped and reshaped. Using some of the original conceptions from Aristotle and Plato, coupled with foundational premises suggested by Dewey, this article frames current youth development efforts in a historical context. The authors suggest that perhaps what the separate professions might define as high-quality leisure, recreation, and educational experiences still maintain links among each. They further suggest that planned experiences with increasing levels of coordination can strengthen these links and develop an "education-for-leisure" perspective among participating youth and the choices they make. Self-determination theory (SDT) refers to the autonomy in choosing a particular behavior or action. Youth development opportunities that make connections between the content of a regular school day and choice of activity during out-of-school time can inculcate self-determined leisure choices that are productive. Planned and intentional educational experiences expand the possibilities for productive recreational choices. This article therefore proposes a framework for increasing levels of coordination among educational and recreational entities so that participating youth can develop and adopt an education-for-leisure disposition. PMID:21786409

  12. Read the Label First

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Fact Sheets Health & Safety Read the Label First Read the Label First Need help with product labels? ... effectively. It contains pertinent information that you should read and understand before you use a pesticide product. ...

  13. Reading(s) in the Writing Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foster, David

    1997-01-01

    Interrogates the reading/writing connection by evaluating how three essays by published writers affected the attitude and writing practices of university students in a course on the personal essay. Describes the course. Suggests what findings imply for current rationales about the reading/writing connection and for the use of anthology readings in…

  14. Celebrations in Reading and Writing: Reading Refresher

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manning, Maryann

    2005-01-01

    Revising reading program can breathe new life into the classroom and increase students' confidence. This paper describes how one teacher decided to refine her reading curriculum. She had five non-negotiables for the curriculum: the need for self-selection of quality literature; volume of reading; peer interaction; individual conferences; and…

  15. The Search for Habitable Worlds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Latham, David W.

    2013-06-01

    We live at a very special time in the history of astronomy. We are poised to discover and characterizes exoplanets enough like the Earth that we can imagine life as we know it could arise and be comfortable. We are seeking rocky planets at the right distances from their host stars for water to be liquid on the surface, and with a secondary atmosphere that might even show evidence for biogenic gases. Transiting planets are where the present action is, because they can provide masses and radii for planets, and thus the bulk properties such as density and surface gravity that constrain our models of their interior structure and composition. Are they ice giants like Uranus and Neptune, or rocky worlds like the terrestrial planets, or maybe something in between with lots of water or extended atmospheres of hydrogen and helium? NASA's Kepler mission has provided lots of small planet candidates, but the bottleneck for characterizing them is the ultra-precise radial velocities needed for confirming and characterizing the planets with mass determinations. HARPS-N has recently come into operation at the Telescopio Nazionale Galileo on La Palma and is now contributing to the follow up of Kepler candidates, but we need better ways to correct for astrophysical effects that distort the radial velocities, and still better velocity precision if we hope to reach the level of 9 cm/s induced by a true Earth twin in a one-year orbit around a star like the Sun. Kepler looks at only one four hundreth of the sky. We need all-sky surveys for transiting planets to find the nearest and brightest examples for radial-velocity follow up and studies of planetary atmospheres with missions like the James Webb Space Telescope and G-CLEF spectrograph on the Giant Magellan Telescope. Our long-range goal is to see if the atmospheres of any potentially habitable planets actually show evidence for biogenic gases that have been produced in large enough quantities to impact the biosphere and be detected remotely. If we detect spectroscopic biomarkers that can only be present if they are continually replenished by life, then we can point at that star and speculate that we may not be alone in the universe.

  16. Motivational Interference in School-Leisure Conflict and Learning Outcomes: The Differential Effects of Two Value Conceptions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hofer, Manfred; Kuhnle, Claudia; Kilian, Britta; Marta, Elena; Fries, Stefan

    2011-01-01

    It was hypothesized that students' value orientations are connected to their experience of motivational interference in a conflict between a school- and a leisure-related activity as well as to school marks as indicators of learning outcomes. In a self-report study with Italian adolescents (N = 433; M = 14.5 years) using a school-leisure conflict…

  17. Educating the Handicapped Child for Leisure Fulfillment. Institute Report. National Institute on Community Recreation for the Handicapped. Revised Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nesbitt, John A.

    The report presents a rationale and goals for leisure services to the handicapped and discusses elements in model state and local implementation of leisure programing related to P.L. 94-142, the Education for All Handicapped Children Act. A historical review of recreation program development is provided along with a consideration of the current…

  18. Prediction of leisure participation from behavioral, normative, and control beliefs: An application of the theory of planned behavior

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Icek Ajzen; B. L. Driver

    1991-01-01

    The theory of planned behavior (Ajzen 1985, 1987) is offered as a comprehensive framework for understanding of leisure participation. Salient behavioral, normative, and control beliefs, theoretically the basic determinants of behavior, were assessed with respect to five leisure activities: spending time at the beach, jogging or running, mountain climbing, boating, and biking. College students completed a questionnaire containing measures of

  19. Leisure-time physical activity and psychological well-being in university students.

    PubMed

    Molina-García, J; Castillo, I; Queralt, A

    2011-10-01

    An analysis of psychological well-being (self-esteem and subjective vitality) of 639 Spanish university students was performed, while accounting for the amount of leisure-time physical activity. The Spanish versions of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and Subjective Vitality Scale were employed. Participants were divided into four groups (Low, Moderate, High, and Very high) depending on estimation of energy expenditure in leisure-time physical activity. Men and women having higher physical activity rated higher mean subjective vitality; however, differences in self-esteem were observed only in men, specifically between Very high and the other physical activity groups. PMID:22238852

  20. Estimation of leisure time physical activity and sedentary behaviour among school adolescents in Nepal

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Leisure-time physical activity is essential for healthy and physically active life; however, this domain of physical activity is less common in developing countries. Information on leisure time physical activity and sedentary behaviour among Nepalese population is not available. The study was carried out to assess leisure time physical activity and sedentary behaviour among high school adolescents and identify the associated factors in Nepal. Methods A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out in Banke district, Nepal in 2013 among higher secondary school students using self-administered questionnaire based on International Physical Activity Questionnaire. A sample of 405 students, 178 females and 227 males, of the age–group 15 to 20 years from seven schools were included in the study. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was carried out to identify factors associated with participation in leisure time physical activity and sedentary behaviour. Results Engagement of female in leisure time physical activity was lower but mean time spent on sitting per day was higher. Students who walked to school and have playground/parks near home, younger females (OR?=?3.09, 95% CI: 1.18-8.08), females living in nuclear families (OR: 2.16, 95% CI: 1.01-4.62) and males who cycled to school (OR: 8.09, 95% CI: 2.35-27.80) and have provision of extra-curricular activities (OR: 2.49, 95% CI: 1.04-5.97) were more likely to be engaged in leisure time physical activity. On the other hand, students who did not have playground in school and lived in rural areas were more likely to sit for more than 6 hours a day. Likewise, male students of private school (OR: 6.41, 95% CI: 2.89-14.21), who used vehicle to reach school (OR: 5.90, 95% CI: 1.26-27.75) and have no provision of extra-curricular activities (OR: 2.98, 95% CI: 1.09-8.07) had longer sitting time. Conclusion Difference in leisure time physical activity and sedentary behaviour was found among male and female school adolescents. Interventions are needed not only to promote leisure time physical activity but also to reduce sedentary behaviour among this group. PMID:24953522

  1. The Role of Water for Martian Habitability

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jaumann, R.; Tirsch, D.; Hauber, E.; Erkeling, G.; Le Deit, L.; Sowe, M.; Adeli, S.; Petau, A.; Reiss, D.

    2013-09-01

    A study in context with the Helmholtz Alliance 'Planetary Evolution and Life' focused on the (temporary) existence of liquid water, and the likelihood that Mars has been or even is a habitable planet. Both geomorphological and mineralogical evidence point to the episodic availability of liquid water at the surface of Mars, and physical modeling and small-scale observations suggest that this is also true for more recent periods. Habitable conditions, however, were not uniform over space and time. Several key properties, such as the availability of standing bodies of water, surface runoff and the transportation of nutrients, were not constant, resulting in an inhomogeneous nature of the parameter space that needs to be considered in any habitability assessment. The planetary evolution of Mars led to environmental changes, which in turn affected its habitability potential. Similarly, considerable environmental and climate variations due to latitudinal or elevation effects combined with a diverse surface geology caused distinctively different local conditions that influenced the planet`s habitable potential.

  2. Environmental Signatures for Habitability: What to Measure and How to Rank the Habitability Potential of Mars

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Conrad, Pamela G.; Eigenbrode, Jennifer L.; Mahaffy, Paul M.; Steele, Andrew

    2011-01-01

    The environmental signatures for habitability are not necessarily biosignatures, even though on Earth, they are definitive proof of habitability. It is the constant overprint of the chemical signatures of life that makes it difficult to recognize the chemical and physical properties of a potentially habitable environment as distinct from an inhabited one. Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) will soon embark on a mission to Mars to assess its past or present habitability, so it is useful to examine how we measure habitability on Earth and prepare for how that approach may differ for Mars. This exercise includes: (a) articulation of fundamental assumptions about habitability, (b) an inventory of factors that affect habitability, (c) development of metrics, measurement approach and implementation, and (d) a new classification scheme for planetary habitability that goes beyond the binary "yes" or "no." There may be dozens of factors that affect habitability and they can be weighted as a function of specific environment. However a robotic, in situ investigation even on Earth has constraints that prevent the measurement of every environmental factor, so metrics must be reduced to the most relevant subset, given available time, cost, technical feasibility and scientific importance. Many of the factors could be measured with a combination of orbital data and the MSL payload. We propose that, at a minimum, a designation of high habitability potential requires the following conditions be met: (a) thermally stable with respect to extremes and frequency of fluctuation, (b) has more than one energy source, (c) sufficient chemical diversity to make compounds with covalent and hydrogen bonding, (d) can moderate ionizing radiation enough to allow a stable or evolving pool of organic molecules, (e) must have water or other high quality polar solvent, (f) must be able to renew chemical resources (e.g., plate tectonics, volcanism or something else we haven't envisioned). A measurement approach we have taken to measure habitability on Earth is : 1. Study remote sensing data, maps, etc. 2. Decide how big an area to measure. 3. Determine the spatial sampling rate. 4. Determine the temporal sampling rate. 5. Determine the order of measurements 6. Decide where to begin measurements 7. Select locations at field site and proceed While science drives each of the steps, there are additional constraints, e.g., technical, time, cost, safety (risk). This approach is also executable on Mars. Measurement of past habitability is more challenging both for Earth and Mars where access to the past means subsurface access and confrontation with unknowns about preservation of the martian past. Some environments preserve evidence of past habitability better than others, and this is where selection of the landing site to maximize the preservation potential of habitability indicators will be key. Mars presents an opportunity to discover transitional states between habitable or not, and we offer a ranking scale for planetary habitability with Mars as the second test subject: CLASS ONE Uninhabitable and likely has never been so CLASS TWO Has a high potential but no confirmed observation of life (as defined above) CLASS THREE Inhabited (we find life) 3-A Globally inhabited 3-B Primitive life; early in its evolution, but not yet globally established 3-C Exists only in refugia -- planet heading toward class four CLASS FOUR Post-habitable (there once was life, but now it's gone) MSL provides an opportunity to carefully investigate the habitability of at least one site on Mars and it will reveal much about the possible states of planetary habitability

  3. Joking, storytelling, artsharing, expressing affection: a field trial of how children and their social network communicate with digital images in leisure time

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ann Mäkelä; Verena Giller; Manfred Tscheligi; Reinhard Sefelin

    2000-01-01

    Increasing use of mobile phones in leisure and communication with digital images are important and current issues in the field of telecommunications. However, little is known about how images would be used in leisure related communication. According to our experience field trials are the best way of studying it. In this paper, we describe a field-trial case study of leisure

  4. An Examination of the Life Satisfaction and Importance of Leisure in the Lives of Older Female Retirees: A Comparison of Blacks to Whites.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Riddick, Carol Cutler; Stewart, Debra Gonder

    1994-01-01

    Study compared black and white female retirees' (n=618) life satisfaction and determinants of life satisfaction. Survey results found differences between the groups in life satisfaction. Perceived health and leisure repertoire planning directly affected both groups' life satisfaction. Leisure activity directly affected whites. Leisure repertoire…

  5. UPGRADING ELEMENTARY READING PROGRAMS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    WHIPPLE, GERTRUDE

    TO IMPROVE READING INSTRUCTION IN MANY SCHOLS, THE AMOUNT, QUALITY, AND VARIETY OF READING MATERIALS AND OTHER AIDS TO LEARNING MUST BE INCREASED. IT IS IMPERATIVE THAT STUDENTS HAVE ACCESS TO WELL EQUIPPED LIBRARIES. "THE HARVARD REPORT ON READING IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS" OFFERS EXCELLENT GUIDANCE FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF READING INSTRUCTION AND…

  6. Improving Reading Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farr, Roger, Ed.; And Others

    This book includes papers related to reading research from the International Reading Association's 1974 preconvention institute on research held in New Orleans. The introduction by Samuel Weintraub and Roger Farr discusses such questions as: Where does reading research need to be improved? What is research? What areas of reading research demand…

  7. Reading, Language Arts & Literacy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matthew, Kathy, Ed.

    This document contains the following papers on educational technology issues related to reading, language arts, and literacy: (1) "The Infusion of Technology into a Teacher Education Course: Issues and Strategies" (Mary Ann Kolloff); (2) "Project READ: Developing Online Course Materials for a Reading Methods Class" (Judith A. Crowe); (3) "Reading

  8. Big Read, Big ROI

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dempsey, Beth

    2008-01-01

    In 2004, the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA) released a grim report on the state of literary reading in America. "Reading at Risk" (www.nea.gov/pub/ReadingAtRisk.pdf) detailed a dramatic decline in recreational reading across all segments of the American population--young and old, black, brown, and white. It also included the projected…

  9. Reading with Purpose

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Linderholm, Tracy

    2006-01-01

    In college-level courses, the vast majority of students read expository textbooks with a primary purpose in mind: to memorize and, hopefully, understand enough information to receive a particular grade on a course exam. Intuitively, this kind of reading is different than the kind of reading that these same students do when reading a novel while…

  10. What Should Students Read?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolk, Steven

    2010-01-01

    The reading students are required to do for school bears little semblance to the reading they do outside of school. Students today are reading the same texts in school that students read a generation ago, but the varieties of text used outside of school are much different. One result is that many students are unmotivated to become readers.…

  11. Geophysical and atmospheric evolution of habitable planets.

    PubMed

    Lammer, Helmut; Selsis, Frank; Chassefière, Eric; Breuer, Doris; Griessmeier, Jean-Mathias; Kulikov, Yuri N; Erkaev, Nikolai V; Khodachenko, Maxim L; Biernat, Helfried K; Leblanc, Francois; Kallio, Esa; Lundin, Richard; Westall, Frances; Bauer, Siegfried J; Beichman, Charles; Danchi, William; Eiroa, Carlos; Fridlund, Malcolm; Gröller, Hannes; Hanslmeier, Arnold; Hausleitner, Walter; Henning, Thomas; Herbst, Tom; Kaltenegger, Lisa; Léger, Alain; Leitzinger, Martin; Lichtenegger, Herbert I M; Liseau, René; Lunine, Jonathan; Motschmann, Uwe; Odert, Petra; Paresce, Francesco; Parnell, John; Penny, Alan; Quirrenbach, Andreas; Rauer, Heike; Röttgering, Huub; Schneider, Jean; Spohn, Tilman; Stadelmann, Anja; Stangl, Günter; Stam, Daphne; Tinetti, Giovanna; White, Glenn J

    2010-01-01

    The evolution of Earth-like habitable planets is a complex process that depends on the geodynamical and geophysical environments. In particular, it is necessary that plate tectonics remain active over billions of years. These geophysically active environments are strongly coupled to a planet's host star parameters, such as mass, luminosity and activity, orbit location of the habitable zone, and the planet's initial water inventory. Depending on the host star's radiation and particle flux evolution, the composition in the thermosphere, and the availability of an active magnetic dynamo, the atmospheres of Earth-like planets within their habitable zones are differently affected due to thermal and nonthermal escape processes. For some planets, strong atmospheric escape could even effect the stability of the atmosphere. PMID:20307182

  12. Leisure-Time Physical Activity in Elementary Schools: Analysis of Contextual Conditions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKenzie, Thomas L.; Crespo, Noe C.; Baquero, Barbara; Elder, John P.

    2010-01-01

    Background: Little is known about children's leisure-time physical activity (PA) at school and how it is associated with contextual variables. The purpose of this study was to objectively assess children's voluntary PA during 3 daily periods and examine modifiable contextual factors. Methods: We conducted SOPLAY (System for Observing Play and…

  13. Determinants of Intensity of Participation in Leisure and Recreational Activities by Children with Cerebral Palsy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palisano, Robert J.; Chiarello, Lisa A.; Orlin, Margo; Oeffinger, Donna; Polansky, Marcy; Maggs, Jill; Bagley, Anita; Gorton, George

    2011-01-01

    Aim: To test a model of child, family, and service determinants of intensity of participation in leisure and recreational activities by children with cerebral palsy (CP). Method: Participants were 288 children with CP, age range 6 to 12 years (mean 9y 8mo, SD 2y), and their parents from seven children's hospitals. The sample comprised 166 (57.6%)…

  14. Breadth of participation in organized and unstructured leisure activities over time and rural adolescents' functioning.

    PubMed

    Sharp, Erin Hiley; Tucker, Corinna Jenkins; Baril, Megan E; Van Gundy, Karen T; Rebellon, Cesar J

    2015-01-01

    Discretionary time outside of school offers a distinct context that can promote adolescent development; however, potential for growth depends in part on how this time is used. In this study, person-centered analyses were used to examine patterns of breadth of participation in both organized and unstructured leisure activities among rural adolescents (N = 276, 49% female) across grades 7, 8, and 10. Adjusting for self-selection factors, the study associated these patterns with 10th grade outcomes. Three profiles of participation emerged: consistently low breadth, consistently average breadth, and consistently high breadth of involvement in both organized and unstructured leisure activities over time. The most popular activity types across profile groups were hanging out with friends, team sports, and outdoor activities. Adolescents involved in a greater breadth of organized activities reported the greatest breadth of involvement in unstructured leisure and the best functioning. Adolescents with low breadth of involvement in both organized and unstructured leisure activities consistently showed poorer outcomes. Adolescents in the high breadth of involvement profile were engaged in all activity types at higher rates than adolescents in the average and low breadth of involvement profiles. We advocate for continued efforts to increase adolescent participation in a variety of different types of out-of-school activities. PMID:25037909

  15. The Journal of Recreation and Leisure. Spring 1990 Volume 10 Number 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelsey, Craig, Ed.; Busser, James, Ed.

    1990-01-01

    This volume contains the following articles under the headings "Philosophical Ideas" (Articles 1-5), "Research Studies" (Articles 6-15), and "Practical Techniques" (Articles 16-22): (1) "Coming Home to a Change of Lifestyle" (Connie O'Connor); (2) "The New Age and Leisure" (Karla Henderson, Angela Whorton); (3) "A Backcountry Dichotomy" (Gary…

  16. Can Gymnastic Teacher Predict Leisure Activity Preference among Children with Developmental Coordination Disorders (DCD)?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Engel-Yeger, Batya; Hanna-Kassis, Amany; Rosenblum, Sara

    2012-01-01

    The aims of the study were to analyze: (1) whether significant differences exist between children with typical development and children with developmental coordination disorders (DCD) in their preference to participate in leisure activities (2) whether the teacher estimation of activity form (TEAF) evaluation predicts participation preference.…

  17. Relationships Among Motivational Orientation, Level of Leisure Activity, and Life Satisfaction in Older Men and Women

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marjorie W. Steinkamp; John R. Kelly

    1985-01-01

    With telephone and mailed questionnaire data from 217 persons between the ages of 40 and 89 years and residing in a midwestern city, the effects of selected aspects of motivation on levels of leisure activity and life satisfaction were investigated. Differences between employed and retired persons and between men and women were examined. Analysis of covariance, with a measure of

  18. Intellectual Disability and Sexuality: Attitudes of Disability Support Staff and Leisure Industry Employees

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilmore, Linda; Chambers, Brooke

    2010-01-01

    Background: The attitudes of support staff and others in the community towards the sexuality of individuals with an intellectual disability (ID) have the potential to influence opportunities for normalised life experiences in the area of sexuality. Method: A sample of 169 disability support staff and 50 employees from leisure and service…

  19. Continuing and Ceasing Leisure Activities in Later Life: A Longitudinal Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strain, Laurel A.; Grabusic, Carmen C.; Searle, Mark S.; Dunn, Nicole J.

    2002-01-01

    Purpose: This study examined changes in leisure activities of older adults over an 8-year period, and associated sociodemographic and health characteristics. Design and Methods: Data were from a longitudinal study conducted in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada; 380 respondents were interviewed in-person in both 1985 and 1993. Changes in ten specific…

  20. Career Education for Leisure Occupations: Curriculum Guidelines for Recreation, Hospitality, and Tourism.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Verhoven, Peter J.; Vinton, Dennis A.

    The guidelines suggested in this publication have been designed to assist educators in developing career education programs based on local needs and resources in the leisure career family for the occupational groups in recreation services, recreation resources, tourism, and amusement and entertainment. The basic approaches presented are applicable…

  1. Listening to young people in leisure research: the critical application of grounded theory

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Piggott

    2010-01-01

    This paper discusses three related methodological problems from the point of view of a researcher interested in studying young people’s leisure experiences. The first part of the paper makes a moral argument for why we should attempt to listen to young people. The second part of the paper uses an example from research with young footballers to explain how a

  2. "We're Gators...Not Just Gator Fans": Serious Leisure and University of Florida Football.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gibson, Heather; Willming, Cynthia; Holdnak, Andrew

    2002-01-01

    Interviewed University of Florida Gator football fans to examine meanings, rituals, and practices associated with being a fan. Emergent themes confirmed Stebbins' (1979; 1992) six characteristics of serious leisure (e.g., perseverance, unique ethos, and identification). Results suggest that being a Gator football fan provides both a source of…

  3. Embedding Science Facts in Leisure Skill Instruction Conducted by Peer Tutors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fetko, Erin E.; Collins, Belva C.; Hager, Karen D.; Spriggs, Amy D.

    2013-01-01

    This investigation evaluated the effectiveness of using peer tutors to teach a chained leisure skill (i.e., UNO card game) to three middle school students with disabilities using a simultaneous prompting procedure within a multiple probe design. The investigation also assessed whether the students with disabilities would acquire four unrelated…

  4. The Dynamic Nature of Leisure Experience: An Application of Affect Control Theory.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, BongKoo; Shafer, C. Scott

    2002-01-01

    Applied Affect Control Theory (ACT) to investigate the interaction process between leisure participants and their environment. Surveys of people on an urban, multiple-use trail indicated that most exhibited a dynamic emotional experience even though they were in the setting a short time. Respondents exhibited different emotions across events.…

  5. Going to the Mall: A Leisure Activity of Urban Elderly People.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graham, Dawn Fowler; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Telephone interviews with 300 elderly Montreal residents found that 67 percent use shopping malls to fulfill social and leisure needs. Predisposing variables (age, gender, education, and loneliness) and environmental/encouraging variables (design and ambiance of the malls) were found to be related to this activity. (SK)

  6. Class, Regionality, and Leisure among Urban Black Americans: The Post-Civil Rights Era.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woodard, Michael D.

    1988-01-01

    A study of the leisure behavior among Black Americans in the post-civil rights era revealed that the number of full-time employed adults in the household accurately predicts participation across activities, but that social class and regionality are also important variables. (JD)

  7. Non-Formal Education in Free Time: Leisure- or Work-Orientated Activity?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thoidis, Ioannis; Pnevmatikos, Dimitrios

    2014-01-01

    This article deals with the relationship between adults' free time and further education. More specifically, the paper addresses the question of whether there are similarities and analogies between the leisure time that adults dedicate to non-formal educational activities and free time per se. A structured questionnaire was used to examine…

  8. Dimensions of Leisure Activities: A Factor Analytic Study in New England.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gudykunst, William B.; And Others

    1981-01-01

    This study focuses on a comparison of the dimensional structure regarding how often individuals participate in a set of leisure activities and what significance is attached to the activities by the participants. Factors were labeled cultural, organizational, and sports/games. (JN)

  9. Do physical leisure time activities prevent fatigue? A 15 month prospective study of nurses' aides

    PubMed Central

    Eriksen, W; Bruusgaard, D

    2004-01-01

    Objective: To test the hypothesis that physical leisure time activities reduce the risk of developing persistent fatigue. Methods: The hypothesis was tested in a sample that was homogeneous with respect to sex and occupation, with a prospective cohort design. Of 6234 vocationally active, female, Norwegian nurses' aides, not on leave because of illness or pregnancy when they completed a mailed questionnaire in 1999, 5341 (85.7%) completed a second questionnaire 15 months later. The main outcome measure was the prevalence of persistent fatigue—that is, always or usually feeling fatigued in the daytime during the preceding 14 days. Results: In participants without persistent fatigue at baseline, reported engagement in physical leisure time activities for 20 minutes or more at least once a week during the three months before baseline was associated with a reduced risk of persistent fatigue at the follow up (odds ratio = 0.70; 95% confidence interval 0.55 to 0.89), after adjustments for age, affective symptoms, sleeping problems, musculoskeletal pain, long term health problems of any kind, smoking, marital status, tasks of a caring nature during leisure time, and work factors at baseline. Conclusion: The study supports the hypothesis that physical leisure time activities reduce the risk of developing persistent fatigue. PMID:15155438

  10. Leisure, Coping and Health: The Role of Social, Family, School and Peer Relationship Factors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cassidy, Tony

    2005-01-01

    The relationship between social, family, peer and school factors and leisure engagement within a transactional model of stress and health was investigated in 655 young adults. Results show that the family environment, encouragement from parents and teachers, relationships with peers and socioeconomic factors in childhood predict adult attitudes to…

  11. The Power of Leisure: “I Was an Anorexic; I'm Now a Healthy Triathlete”

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Megan Axelsen

    2009-01-01

    This autoethnographic account describes the ambiguities of the author's ongoing struggle with anorexia nervosa and how leisure was integral to her quasi-recovery from the illness. By showing the emotional and mental struggles of the illness, this paper offers an alternative to the traditional scientific studies of the illness that buries people's voices beneath layers of analysis. The purpose of the

  12. Profile of business and leisure travelers on low cost carriers in Europe

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Esther Martínez-Garcia; Berta Ferrer-Rosell; Germà Coenders

    Low cost carriers are increasingly attracting a market segment traditionally associated with legacy airlines, the business traveler. Little, however, is known regarding the characteristics of this new demand. This study analyzes the differences between business and leisure travelers flying by low cost airlines. To do this, we surveyed a sample of tourists in Catalonia, one of Europe’s most popular tourist

  13. Leisure travel in Europe and airline business models: A study of regional airports in Great Britain

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andreas Papatheodorou; Zheng Lei

    2006-01-01

    Tourism and air transport are explicitly linked especially in the context of leisure traffic. This paper highlights this relationship by focusing on the impact of the three main airline business models (traditional scheduled, charter and low-cost) on regional airports using Britain as a case study. The panel data econometric results show that despite the current perception, low cost carriers are

  14. Adolescent and adult leisure patterns: A 37?year follow?up study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Scott; Fern K. Willits

    1989-01-01

    The relationship between adolescent and adult leisure activities was assessed by utilizing longitudinal data from 1298 subjects studied during their high school years and again when they were in their early fifties. For the sample members, the greater the involvement in a specific type of activity during adolescence, the more frequent the participation in the same type of activity at

  15. Coping in adolescents and young adults with chronic digestive disorders: Impact on school and leisure activities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hiske Calsbeek; Mieke Rijken; Marc J. T. M. Bekkers; Gerard P. Van Berge Henegouwen; Joost Dekker

    2006-01-01

    Coping strategies were compared across adolescents and young adults with several chronic digestive disorders and healthy peers, and across age groups. Subsequently, the impact of coping on performance in school and leisure activities was investigated. Participants were adolescents and young adults (age 12 to 25 years) suffering from inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), chronic liver diseases, congenital diseases, coeliac disease or

  16. Leisure, Household Activities, and Health Among Mexican American Elders with Cancer

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tanya R. Fitzpatrick; Diane W. Farone

    2011-01-01

    Because physical inactivity is a major factor relating to chronic illnesses affecting Hispanics, the quality of one's health assumes greater importance for vulnerable populations diagnosed with cancer. The purpose of this study was to examine the direct effects of leisure activities and specific household activities on mental and physical health among a group of older Mexican Americans diagnosed with cancer.

  17. Influence of leisure-time noise on outer hair cell activity in medical students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Frank Rosanowski; Ulrich Eysholdt; Ulrich Hoppe

    2006-01-01

    Objective: Noise exceeding a certain level can damage outer hair cells and thus cause hearing loss. In the past, noise-induced hearing loss was mainly caused by occupational noise. Leisure-time noise may be a promoting factor, particularly in young adults. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAE) can be used to evaluate outer hair

  18. Activity-based serendipitous recommendations with the Magitti mobile leisure guide

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Victoria Bellotti; James Bo Begole; Ed H. Chi; Nicolas Ducheneaut; Ji Fang; Ellen Isaacs; Tracy H. King; Mark W. Newman; Kurt Partridge; Bob Price; Paul Rasmussen; Michael Roberts; Diane J. Schiano; Alan Walendowski

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents a context-aware mobile recommender system, codenamed Magitti. Magitti is unique in that it infers user activity from context and patterns of user behavior and, without its user having to issue a query, automatically generates recommendations for content matching. Extensive field studies of leisure time practices in an urban setting (Tokyo) motivated the idea, shaped the details of

  19. Recreation and Leisure: Issues for Adolescents with Chronic Illnesses and Disabilities. CYDLINE Reviews.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. National Center for Youth with Disabilities.

    This bibliography presents 162 annotated references (including bibliographic materials, training and educational materials, and programs) about issues of recreation and leisure for adolescents and young adults with chronic illnesses and disabilities. Each reference usually contains a full bibliographic citation, a brief descriptive abstract, and…

  20. Positive Youth Development within a Family Leisure Context: Youth Perspectives of Family Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ward, Peter J.; Zabriskie, Ramon B.

    2011-01-01

    Family leisure involvement may provide the first and most essential context for positive youth development in today's society. Similar to the broader ecological perspective used in the youth development literature, family systems theory suggests that each individual in the family influences the whole, while the whole family also influences each…

  1. Planning and Implementing Career Education for the Special Student, with Emphasis on the Leisure Occupations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vinton, Dennis A.; And Others

    A program of career education for exceptional students in the leisure occupations is described. It is explained that the book is designed for regular and special class teachers. Chapters one and two present information on career education principles and implementation. Chapters three through five deal with practical teaching concerns. Behavioral…

  2. Environmental constraints on leisure time physical activity among Latino urban residents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Monika Stodolska; Kimberly J. Shinew

    2010-01-01

    While there exists growing research on the environmental correlates of physical activity among the mainstream American population, evidence of the effects of environmental constraints on leisure time physical activity (LTPA) among minority groups in this country is lacking. Moreover, the existing literature on the constraints on LTPA among minorities has concentrated primarily on socio?cultural issues. In light of this, the

  3. Work, Leisure-Time Physical Activity, and Risk of Preeclampsia and Gestational Hypertension

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Audrey F. Saftlas; Nyla Logsden-Sackett; Wenquan Wang; Robert Woolson; Michael B. Bracken

    Few studies of preeclampsia have assessed physical activity level, yet recent evidence suggests that the pathologic mechanisms in preeclampsia are similar to those in cardiovascular disease, for which physical activity is shown to be protective. The authors assessed the independent and combined effects of work and regular leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) during early pregnancy on risk of de novo preeclampsia

  4. Leisure time physical activity participation among Latino visitors to outdoor recreation areas

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Brooke N. Burk; Kimberly J. Shinew; Monika Stodolska

    2011-01-01

    Previous research indicates that Latinos have low rates of leisure time physical activity (LTPA). As a result, Latinos suffer from higher rates of obesity and other diseases associated with this lack of activity. Thus, the primary purpose of this exploratory study was to gain a greater understanding of LTPA among Latinos. The goals of this study were threefold: (1) gain

  5. Leisure-time energy expenditure in asthmatics and non-asthmatics

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Y. CHEN; R. DALES; D. KREWSKI

    2001-01-01

    An association between obesity and asthma has been documented previously, but the nature of this relationship remains unknown. This study aimed to determine if asthma is associated with a sedentary lifestyle which may explain this association.The energy expenditure (EE) on leisure activities was examined in 16813 subjects, of at least 12 years of age, who participated in the Canadian National

  6. Constraints on the Leisure and Community Participation of Immigrant Women: Implications for Social Integration

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cindy Rublee; Susan M. Shaw

    This study was designed to explore the leisure and community constraints that immigrant women face, as well as other problems they experience as new residents in Canada. It focused on immigrant women from Latin America, since this constitutes one of the largest groups of immigrants. Because inter-cultural similarity and understanding cannot be assumed, it was considered vital that a qualitative

  7. Brain tissue volumes by APOE genotype and leisure activity—the AGES-Reykjavik Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sigridur Harpa Hafsteinsdottir; Gudny Eiriksdottir; Sigurdur Sigurdsson; Thor Aspelund; Tamara B. Harris; Lenore J. Launer; Vilmundur Gudnason

    This study investigates the association of the APOE ?4 allele and leisure activity with brain tissue volumes, including white matter hyperintensities (WMH), in a population-based cohort of 4303 nondemented individuals, aged 66–96 years. APOE ?4 carriers were shown to have greater WMH and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) volumes than noncarriers but smaller gray matter (GM) volumes. There was no significant difference

  8. Assessing Adult Leisure Activities: An Extension of a Self-Report Activity Questionnaire

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jopp, Daniela S.; Hertzog, Christopher

    2010-01-01

    Everyday leisure activities in adulthood and old age have been investigated with respect to constructs such as successful aging, an engaged lifestyle, and prevention of age-related cognitive decline. They also relate to mental health and have clinical value, as they can inform diagnosis and interventions. In the present study, the authors enhanced…

  9. Negotiating the Curriculum with Unwaged Adults...in the Areas of Leisure and Opportunity Creation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnston, Rennie; And Others

    A developmental study explored appropriate teaching and learning strategies for providing education about leisure activities and economic activities to the unemployed in Southampton, England. Developing a curriculum with unwaged adults was found to involve contact-outreach, negotiation, establishing an educational infrastructure, the learning…

  10. The Impact of Ancient Chinese Philosophy on Contemporary Leisure in China.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chang, Yi-Shih; Card, Jaclyn A.

    Little has been written on the impact of Far East civilization's thought and influence on leisure in China today. A discussion of Chinese history, outlined in three stages, clarifies the development of Chinese philosophy over the past 5,000 years. Chinese civilization and culture rest upon a philosophical basis shaped primarily by the principles…

  11. Assessment of Leisure Preferences for Students with Severe Developmental Disabilities and Communication Difficulties

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kreiner, Janice; Flexer, Robert

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop and to evaluate the Preferences for Leisure Attributes (PLA) Assessment, a forced-choice computer software program for students with severe disabilities and communication difficulties. In order to determine content validity of the PLA Assessment, four experts in related fields assigned critical attributes…

  12. Leisure and religious activity participation and mental health: gender analysis of older adults in Nepal

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ramraj Gautam; Tami Saito; Ichiro Kai

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Involvement in activities has been found to be beneficial for improving quality of life and successful aging for older adults. Little is known, however, about the involvement in activities and depression of older adults in Asian developing countries. This study explores whether participation in leisure social and religious activities are related to depression and satisfaction with life in older

  13. Trends in No Leisure-Time Physical Activity--United States, 1988-2010

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Latetia V.; Harris, Carmen D.; Carlson, Susan A.; Kruger, Judy; Fulton, Janet E.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine trends in the prevalence of no leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) from 1988 to 2010. Method: Using the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data, 35 states and the District of Columbia reported information on no LTPA from 1988 to 1994; all states reported no LTPA from 1996 to 2010. Results: No…

  14. The Representation of Leisure in Corporate Publicity Material: The Case of a Finnish Pine Construction Company.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yli-Jokipii, Hilkka M.

    1998-01-01

    States that a video introducing a company to various audiences is a common genre of promotional material in Finland. Applies theories of both advertising and semiotics to analyze the first minute of a video produced for a Finnish company that manufactures log buildings and wraps its image around a concept of leisure. (PA)

  15. Leisure Time: In the words of women from a traveling community

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Louise Kirby; Katie Robinson

    2007-01-01

    The traveling community of Ireland are historically a minority cultural group who share nomadic, linguistic, work and leisure traditions(Moore, 2004). Irish travelers represents approximately 0.6 per cent of the total national population and are widely recognized as a marginalized group who experience high levels of social exclusion, poverty, deprivation, illiteracy, unemployment, prejudice and deprived health when compared to the non

  16. Serious Leisure, Health Perception, Dispositional Optimism, and Life Satisfaction among Senior Games Participants

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heo, Jinmoo; Lee, Youngkhill

    2010-01-01

    This study investigated factors that explain the life satisfaction of Senior Games participants. One 193 older adults from the 2005 Michigan State Senior Games and the 2005 New York State Senior Games participated in the study. The results of the study show that one of the indicators of serious leisure (affective attachment) was positively…

  17. Assessment of Preference for Edible and Leisure Items in Individuals with Dementia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ortega, Javier Virues; Iwata, Brian A.; Nogales-Gonzalez, Celia; Frades, Belen

    2012-01-01

    We conducted 2 studies on reinforcer preference in patients with dementia. Results of preference assessments yielded differential selections by 14 participants. Unlike prior studies with individuals with intellectual disabilities, all participants showed a noticeable preference for leisure items over edible items. Results of a subsequent analysis…

  18. Gender differences in social support and leisure-time physical activity

    PubMed Central

    Oliveira, Aldair J; Lopes, Claudia S; Rostila, Mikael; Werneck, Guilherme Loureiro; Griep, Rosane Härter; de Leon, Antônio Carlos Monteiro Ponce; Faerstein, Eduardo

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To identify gender differences in social support dimensions’ effect on adults’ leisure-time physical activity maintenance, type, and time. METHODS Longitudinal study of 1,278 non-faculty public employees at a university in Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Southeastern Brazil. Physical activity was evaluated using a dichotomous question with a two-week reference period, and further questions concerning leisure-time physical activity type (individual or group) and time spent on the activity. Social support was measured with the Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Scale. For the analysis, logistic regression models were adjusted separately by gender. RESULTS A multinomial logistic regression showed an association between material support and individual activities among women (OR = 2.76; 95%CI 1.2;6.5). Affective support was associated with time spent on leisure-time physical activity only among men (OR = 1.80; 95%CI 1.1;3.2). CONCLUSIONS All dimensions of social support that were examined influenced either the type of, or the time spent on, leisure-time physical activity. In some social support dimensions, the associations detected varied by gender. Future studies should attempt to elucidate the mechanisms involved in these gender differences. PMID:25210819

  19. Radiological Habits Survey: Dumfries and Galloway Coast, 2007

    E-print Network

    Radiological Habits Survey: Dumfries and Galloway Coast, 2007 #12;This page has been intentionally left blank #12;Radiological Habits Survey: Dumfries and Galloway Coast, 2007 FINAL REPORT ...........................................................................................8 1.3 Dose limits and constraints

  20. Smoking habits of Greek preschool children's parents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Constantine I Vardavas; Dimitrios Athanasopoulos; Evaggelia Balomenaki; Dora Niaounaki; Manolis K Linardakis; Anthony G Kafatos

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Smoking is Greece's largest public health threat. Greece has the highest adult smoking prevalence among all E.U countries, which in turn possibly predisposes Greek children and adolescents to smoke. The purpose of our study was to research into the smoking habits of preschool children's parents since children of that age could be vulnerable to parental negative role modeling and

  1. Nocturnal Habits of Platyedra gossypiella Saunders

    Microsoft Academic Search

    F. A. Squire

    1937-01-01

    IN the course of investigational work on Platyedra gossypiella, the pink bollworm of cotton, in the West Indies, observations were made on its nocturnal habits, concerning which but little is known. On the question of light attraction, for example, there has been a stalemate of opinions. Wilcocks1 in Egypt found that both sexes came to light readily; while Busck2 in

  2. Mushroom bodies regulate habit formation in Drosophila.

    PubMed

    Brembs, Björn

    2009-08-25

    To make good decisions, we evaluate past choices to guide later decisions. In most situations, we have the opportunity to simultaneously learn about both the consequences of our choice (i.e., operantly) and the stimuli associated with correct or incorrect choices (i.e., classically). Interestingly, in many species, including humans, these learning processes occasionally lead to irrational decisions. An extreme case is the habitual drug user consistently administering the drug despite the negative consequences, but we all have experience with our own, less severe habits. The standard animal model employs a combination of operant and classical learning components to bring about habit formation in rodents. After extended training, these animals will press a lever even if the outcome associated with lever-pressing is no longer desired. In this study, experiments with wild-type and transgenic flies revealed that a prominent insect neuropil, the mushroom bodies (MBs), regulates habit formation in flies by inhibiting the operant learning system when a predictive stimulus is present. This inhibition enables generalization of the classical memory and prevents premature habit formation. Extended training in wild-type flies produced a phenocopy of MB-impaired flies, such that generalization was abolished and goal-directed actions were transformed into habitual responses. PMID:19576773

  3. Pedagogical Practices: Nurturing and Maintaining Democratic Habits

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hubler-Larimore, Lucretia Marie

    2011-01-01

    This case study examined the pedagogical practices of four teachers of one public elementary school whose mission seeks to nurture and maintain democratic habits for participation in a democratic society. Historically, public schools have been charged with the duty of preparing young minds to live within in a democratic society and as such this…

  4. Student Name ____________________________ THE SEARCH FOR HABITABLE PLANETS

    E-print Network

    Robeson, Scott M.

    Student Name ____________________________ A103 THE SEARCH FOR HABITABLE PLANETS LIFE technological societies of intelligent beings who ask questions about the Universe around them? Although the existence of extraterrestrial life has few practical consequences for our day-to-day lives, people can

  5. Recommendations for a Habitability Data Base.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Univ., Urbana. Library Research Center.

    A prototype Habitability Data Base was developed for the United States Army Corps of Engineers. From a review of selected Army documents, standards in the form of goals or architectural criteria were identified as significant to man-environment relations (MER). A search of appropriate information systems was conducted to retrieve a minimum of 500…

  6. Habitability of planets around red dwarf stars.

    PubMed

    Heath, M J; Doyle, L R; Joshi, M M; Haberle, R M

    1999-08-01

    Recent models indicate that relatively moderate climates could exist on Earth-sized planets in synchronous rotation around red dwarf stars. Investigation of the global water cycle, availability of photosynthetically active radiation in red dwarf sunlight, and the biological implications of stellar flares, which can be frequent for red dwarfs, suggests that higher plant habitability of red dwarf planets may be possible. PMID:10472629

  7. Listening Habits of iPod Users

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Epstein, Michael; Marozeau, Jeremy; Cleveland, Sandra

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: To estimate real-environment iPod listening levels for listeners in 4 environments to gain insight into whether average listeners receive dosages exceeding occupational noise exposure guidelines as a result of their listening habits. Method: The earbud outputs of iPods were connected directly into the inputs of a digital recorder to make…

  8. Newspaper Readership Habits in the Black Community.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gibbons, R. Arnold

    This is a report of a survey conducted to determine newspaper readership habits of persons living within the circulation of the "Amsterdam News," a black weekly published in New York City. The survey was conducted with the purpose of increasing advertising revenues and assisting the management of the "Amsterdam News" with changes in the…

  9. Reading: Putting the Pieces Together.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayes, Bernard L., Ed.; Camperell, Kay, Ed.

    1994-01-01

    The papers in this yearbook focus on the strategies, practices, and research related to elementary reading, secondary reading, adult reading, literature, philosophy of reading, psychology of reading, affective issues, administration, supervision, research, teacher training, assessment that affect reading and reading instruction. Papers in the book…

  10. Habitable zone limits for dry planets.

    PubMed

    Abe, Yutaka; Abe-Ouchi, Ayako; Sleep, Norman H; Zahnle, Kevin J

    2011-06-01

    Most discussion of habitable planets has focused on Earth-like planets with globally abundant liquid water. For an "aqua planet" like Earth, the surface freezes if far from its sun, and the water vapor greenhouse effect runs away if too close. Here we show that "land planets" (desert worlds with limited surface water) have wider habitable zones than aqua planets. For planets at the inner edge of the habitable zone, a land planet has two advantages over an aqua planet: (i) the tropics can emit longwave radiation at rates above the traditional runaway limit because the air is unsaturated and (ii) the dry air creates a dry stratosphere that limits hydrogen escape. At the outer limits of the habitable zone, the land planet better resists global freezing because there is less water for clouds, snow, and ice. Here we describe a series of numerical experiments using a simple three-dimensional global climate model for Earth-sized planets. Other things (CO(2), rotation rate, surface pressure) unchanged, we found that liquid water remains stable at the poles of a low-obliquity land planet until net insolation exceeds 415 W/m(2) (170% that of modern Earth), compared to 330 W/m(2) (135%) for the aqua planet. At the outer limits, we found that a low-obliquity land planet freezes at 77%, while the aqua planet freezes at 90%. High-obliquity land and aqua planets freeze at 58% and 72%, respectively, with the poles offering the last refuge. We show that it is possible that, as the Sun brightens, an aqua planet like Earth can lose most of its hydrogen and become a land planet without first passing through a sterilizing runaway greenhouse. It is possible that Venus was a habitable land planet as recently as 1 billion years ago. PMID:21707386

  11. The Erasure of Habit: Tracing the Pedagogic Body

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watkins, Megan

    2005-01-01

    While education involves much more than a set of habits, their formation is integral to learning. Within many Western countries, however, habit formation is no longer considered a pedagogic goal. Students may still acquire certain habits of learning as a function of schooling, but the process whereby teachers utilize a form of instruction designed…

  12. Summary of Radiological Habits Surveys in England and Wales,

    E-print Network

    Summary of Radiological Habits Surveys in England and Wales, 2013 Environment Report RL 11/13 Cefas RL 11/13 Final report Summary of Radiological Habits Surveys in England and Wales, 2002 to 2012 G of Radiological Habits Surveys in England and Wales, 2002 to 2012. RL 11/13. Cefas, Lowestoft A copy can

  13. Radiological Habits Survey: Environment Report RL 03/13

    E-print Network

    Radiological Habits Survey: 2013 Environment Report RL 03/13 Cefas contract report C2848 Radiological Habits Survey: Springfields, 2012 V.E. Ly, F.J. Clyne, C.J. Garrod and A. Dewar Peer reviewed by G.E., Clyne, F.J., Garrod, C.J. and Dewar, A., 2013. Radiological Habits Survey: Springfields, 2012. RL 03

  14. Radiological Habits Survey: Environment Report RL 03/12

    E-print Network

    Radiological Habits Survey: 2012 Environment Report RL 03/12 Cefas contract report C2848/12 Final report Radiological Habits Survey: Aldermaston and Burghfield, 2011 V.E. Ly, C.J. Garrod, F should be cited as: Ly, V.E., Garrod, C.J., Clyne, F.J. and Rumney, P., 2012. Radiological Habits Survey

  15. Radiological Habits Survey: Barrow and the south-west

    E-print Network

    Radiological Habits Survey: Barrow and the south-west 2013 Environment Report RL 01/13 Cefas Report RL 01/13 Final report Radiological Habits Survey: Barrow and the south-west Cumbrian coast, 2012 C.E., Rumney, P. and Papworth, G.P., 2013. Radiological Habits Survey: Barrow and the south-west Cumbrian coast

  16. Radiological Habits Survey: Environment Report RL 02a/13

    E-print Network

    Radiological Habits Survey: 2013 Environment Report RL 02a/13 Cefas contract report C2848 Low Level Final report Radiological Habits Survey: Low Level Waste Repository, 2012 F.J. Clyne, C.J. Garrod, V. and Papworth, G.P., 2013. Radiological Habits Survey: Low Level Waste Repository, 2012. RL 02a/13. Cefas

  17. Habitability of Terrestrial Planets in the Early Solar System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N. H. SLEEP

    2001-01-01

    The Protoearth, Mars, Venus, and the Moon-forming impactor were potentially habitable in the early solar system. The interiors of larger asteroids had habitable circulating water. To see when the inner solar system became continuously habitable, one needs to consider the most dangerous events and the safest refugia from them. Early geochemical and accretionary processes set the subsequent silicate planet reservoirs

  18. Lights, Camera, Read! Arizona Reading Program Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arizona State Dept. of Library, Archives and Public Records, Phoenix.

    This document is the manual for the Arizona Reading Program (ARP) 2003 entitled "Lights, Camera, Read!" This theme spotlights books that were made into movies, and allows readers to appreciate favorite novels and stories that have progressed to the movie screen. The manual consists of eight sections. The Introduction includes welcome letters from…

  19. The SRA Reading Laboratory and Reading Comprehension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boey, Lim Kiat

    1975-01-01

    Although the medium of instruction in many universities in Southeast Asia is the respective national language, many sources of information are in English. This article reports on an experiment at the University of Malaya to develop reading comprehension in English by means of the SRA (Scientific Research Associates) Reading Laboratory. (CLK)

  20. Reading Room Research Room

    E-print Network

    Tchumper, Gregory S.

    Reading Room Research Room 1021 1022 1023 1024 1025 Tech Services Stairs Assistant Library DirectorSeminar Room John Grisham Law Library First Floor #12;(Reading Room - Glassed-in) Study Carrels Rare Books 2017

  1. Reading with the ears.

    PubMed

    Maier, J; Hartvig, N Vaever; Green, A C; Stodkilde-Jorgensen, H

    2004-07-01

    We studied the cortical networks of Morse code reading with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Four expert radio telegraphists performed two closely matched reading experiments, one in binaurally presented high speed Morse code and one in print. Performance was equal for both conditions. Reading single nouns in Morse code resulted in predominantly left-sided activation of the frontal and temporal perisylvian language areas, prefrontal cortex, and premotor cortex. In a within-subject comparison between reading Morse code and reading print, the activation pattern in the left temporoparietal association cortex was similar for both forms of reading, suggesting that reading Morse code shares part of its cortical networks with reading print. PMID:15196672

  2. Improving Science Reading Comprehension

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Jill Caton Johnson

    2005-03-01

    Lend your struggling readers a helping hand with strategies that will enhance their comprehension of science reading materials. This article offers a few easy-to-implement strategies that teachers can use before, during, and after reading.

  3. Can Reading Help?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crowe, Chris

    2003-01-01

    Ponders the effect of September 11th on teenagers. Proposes that reading books can help teenagers sort out complicated issues. Recommends young adult novels that offer hope for overcoming tragedy. Lists 50 short story collections worth reading. (PM)

  4. The Perceived Impact of E-Books on Student Reading Practices: A Local Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilbert, Julie; Fister, Barbara

    2015-01-01

    This study investigates the perceived impact of future e-book collections on student research and recreational reading habits at our institution through three questions: how students currently use library print collections, how students use e-books, and how these factors impact student perception of the effects of future library e-books on their…

  5. Research on Learners' Preferences for Reading from a Printed Text or from a Computer Screen

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spencer, Carrie

    2006-01-01

    In this study, 254 Royal Roads University School of Business learners (graduates and undergraduates) were surveyed on their online course-related reading habits and choices. Based on their responses and anecdotal comments and the data from follow-up interviews with six of the participants, learners preferred print copies of text materials for…

  6. Encouraging Students to Read: What Professors are (and Aren't) Doing about It

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Starcher, Keith; Proffitt, Dennis

    2011-01-01

    Reasons are examined as to why students are reluctant to complete assigned textbook readings on a timely basis. Prior research suggested that lack of student motivation, lack of student knowledge of effective study habits, competing demands on student time, and lack of congruency between student objectives for the course and professor objectives…

  7. Lateral Biases and Reading Direction: A Dissociation between Aesthetic Preference and Line Bisection

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ishii, Yukiko; Okubo, Matia; Nicholls, Michael E. R.; Imai, Hisato

    2011-01-01

    Perceptual asymmetries for tasks involving aesthetic preference or line bisection can be affected by asymmetrical neurological mechanisms or left/right reading habits. This study investigated the relative contribution of these mechanisms in 100 readers of Japanese and English. Participants made aesthetic judgments between pairs of mirror-reversed…

  8. The Borrowers: Library Records as Unobtrusive Measures of Children's Reading Preferences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moss, Gemma; Mcdonald, John W.

    2004-01-01

    This paper explores whether analysis of school library borrowing records can reveal any insights into the reading habits of junior age children. Data in the form of computerised library-borrowing records were collected from a cohort of 90 Year 6 (age 10-11 years) children over the full course of the academic year. Two-thirds of the cohort were…

  9. Processes in Reading Comprehension.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ransom, Grayce A.

    This examination of the processes in reading comprehension is divided into seven categories. "Theoretical Foundations" reviews some of the research conducted by Bruner, Piaget, and Bloom in the areas of cognition or comprehension processes of young children. "Development of a Spiraling Reading Curriculum" examines a spiraling taxonomy of reading

  10. Motivating Students To Read.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Green, Patricia; Kandyba, Christine; McDonald, Colleen; Stevens, Tricia

    This report describes a research study in which motivational strategies were used to increase student enjoyment of reading and to foster a life-long love of reading. The targeted populations consisted of primary and middle grade students in three different urban midwestern settings. The problem of motivating students to read was documented through…

  11. READING & LANGUAGE ARTS SCHOLARSHIPS

    E-print Network

    Mather, Patrick T.

    for the helpful faculty and sta in Reading & Language Arts who have groomed me into the teacher I am today! LaurenREADING & LANGUAGE ARTS SCHOLARSHIPS Learn more at http://soe.syr.edu Margaret J. Early Graduate in English Education, Literacy Education, Reading Education, or Teaching English Language Learners

  12. Pennsylvania Jumps into Reading.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McShane, Barbara A.; Strain, Richard L.

    The Bethlehem Area Chamber of Commerce addressed family literacy through the promotion of a "Jump into Reading" videotape and its accompanying brochure in local businesses and schools as well as throughout Pennsylvania. Jump into Reading was designed to teach parents the importance of reading aloud to their children and offer techniques to do so.…

  13. Read to Your Bunny.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas State Library, Austin.

    This packet of materials consists of reproducible flyers to promote parents' reading aloud to children. Included are five benefits of reading aloud for children and parents; tips for reading to babies and children and for exposing them to books; suggestions for selecting books for infants; toddlers and preschoolers; a descriptive list of selected…

  14. Oral Communication in Reading.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ediger, Marlow

    Noting that oral communication skills need continuous refinement, this document outlines various methods of practicing these skills, such as literature circles in reading; a reader's theater; presentations of book reports; story telling; a poetry reading club; and choral reading. The document describes literature circles as small groups of readers…

  15. Reading Effects of IBM's \\

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert E. Slavin

    1991-01-01

    This article reviews evaluations of IBM's Writing to Read program in kindergartens and first grades. In Writing to Read (WTR), students rotate through five learning stations to learn and practice phonics, to write stories, and to listen to recorded books. Two of these stations involve computers. Twenty-one studies of Writing to Read in kindergartens found a median effect size of

  16. Family Reading Night

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hutchins, Darcy; Greenfeld, Marsha; Epstein, Joyce

    2007-01-01

    This book offers clear and practical guidelines to help engage families in student success. It shows families how to conduct a successful Family Reading Night at their school. Family Night themes include Scary Stories, Books We Love, Reading Olympics, Dr. Seuss, and other themes. Family reading nights invite parents to come to school with their…

  17. Reading and the Student.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ediger, Marlow

    For each student to achieve optimally, a quality reading program must provide for individual differences. To guide students to learn as much as possible individually, selected philosophies of reading instruction may be used. These include: (1) experimentalism with its stress placed upon students reading to solve problems; (2) measurably stated…

  18. Reading/Writing Connection.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fernandez, Melanie

    In the past, students and teachers alike viewed reading and writing instruction as two separate entities. Reading and writing instruction was often characterized by linear and behaviorist theories and methods, with students rarely coming away from their schooling experience with confidence in and respect for their own writing. To both read and…

  19. Indicators of Reading Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guthrie, John T.

    Monitoring the effectiveness of reading education is central to the appraisal of the productivity of schooling, yet most measures currently being used do not take into account the full range of processes which lead to successful reading education. A model of indicators relevant to reading education (outcome, process, and input) can be used to…

  20. Reading about homosexuality.

    PubMed

    Grubb, P F

    A study was conducted to access the importance of reading about experiences on homosexuality for adolescents and post-adolescents. Although no conclusive evidence could be found to link their reading experience to later experiences as a means of instigating change or providing role models, the author suggests that reading materials can be influential. PMID:3611741