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1

ANÁLISE DA EFICIÊNCIA ECONÔMICA DOS PRODUTORES DE LEITE NO ESTADO DE MINAS GERAIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

O aumento da eficiência produtiva e econômica é fator decisivo para a competitividade do setor leiteiro que, produzindo com menor custo, beneficiará toda a cadeia do leite. Dessa maneira, a unidade de produção pode ter, na eficiência produtiva, a condição necessária para a sobrevivência e o crescimento dentro da economia de mercado. Considerado o maior produtor de leite do Brasil,

Andre Luis Ribeiro Lima; Ricardo Pereira Reis; Luiz Eduardo Gaio; Fabricio Teixeira Andrade; Claudia Salgado Gomes

2008-01-01

2

Sobrepeso e prevalência de cárie utilizando-se leite formulado - estudos em ratos Overweight and caries prevalence using formulated milk - rats study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Key-words Verificar a influência de uma dieta com leite formulado, leite formulado acrescido de 20% de sacarose e dieta controle, na prevalência de cárie nos molares de 36 ratos (Rattus norvegicus albinus wistar). Os animais, de ambos os sexos, com 23 dias de vida, foram divididos em três grupos, que ingeriram, durante 60 dias, as seguintes dietas: grupo A, leite

Renata Patrícia de Freitas Soares; Geraldo Bosco; Lindoso Couto; Márcia Maria; Vendenciano Barbosa Vasconcelos; Kátia Virgínia; Guerra Botelho; Freitas Soares; Rua Manoel Salvador

3

Tracking soccer players using the graph representation Pascual Figueroa & Neucimar Leite  

E-print Network

Tracking soccer players using the graph representation Pascual Figueroa & Neucimar Leite Institute. Introduction The movement of the soccer players on the field, as a function of time, is a useful information of the kinematical vari- ables of the soccer player movement, Erdman [5] filmed a soccer game with one stationary TV

Cohen, Issac

4

ROBERTA MARIA PEREIRA LEITE CICLO ESTRAL E MENSTRUAL: REPERCUSSO DA  

E-print Network

SOBRE PAR�METROS LOCOMOTORES EM RATAS E CONSEQU�NCIAS SOBRE AS PROPRIEDADES NEUROMEC�NICAS EM MULHERES MULHERES JOVENS Para obtenção do título de Doutor do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Nutrição do Centro de parâmetros locomotores em ratas e conseqüências sobre as propriedades neuromecânicas em mulheres jovens

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

5

CV for Maria Leite Department of Mathematics Phone: +1-405-325-5596  

E-print Network

Of- fice Program. Department of Mathematics, ISEP, Portugal, Feb-Dec 2001 TRAVEL AWARDS 1. SMB - Society for Mathematical Biology Travel Award. SMB 2010 Annual Meeting of the Society for Mathematical Developments Arising from Biology, Nov, 8­10, 2009, Ohio, USA 7. SMB - Society for Mathematical Biology Travel

Leite, Maria

6

Recuperação de proteínas do soro de leite por meio de coacervação com polissacarídeo  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work aimed to recover and fractionate milk whey proteins through the coacervation technique, using sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) polysaccharide. Milk whey was obtained from the manufactured cheese type \\

Caroline Dário Capitani; Maria Teresa Bertoldo Pacheco; Homero Ferracini Gumerato; Alfredo Vitali; Flávio Luis Schmidt

2005-01-01

7

Geographic and stratigraphic distribution of spongillids (Porifera) and the leit value of spiculites in the Messel Pit Fossil Site  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several hundred samples from outcrops and drilling cores in the Eocene Messel Fossil Site (near Darmstadt, Germany) were analyzed\\u000a to study the geographic and stratigraphic distribution of spongillid spicules and spiculite layers. We attempted to correlate\\u000a the various spiculite occurrences and marker horizon M. The core of the scientific drilling project “FB 2001” is used as a\\u000a reference, because it

Gotthard Richter; Sven Baszio

2009-01-01

8

AVALIAÇÃO FÍSICO-QUÍMICA E SENSORIAL DO IOGURTE NATURAL PRODUZIDO COM LEITE DE BÚFALA CONTENDO DIFERENTES NÍVEIS DE GORDURA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Palavras-chave: SUMMARY PHYSICO-CHEMICAL AND SENSORY EVALUATION OF PLAIN YOGURT MANUFACTURED FROM BUFFALO MILK WITH DIFFERENT FAT CONTENT. Yogurt can be considered an excellent alternative for utilization of buffalo milk. However, consumers may have some acceptance problems in relation to buffalo yogurt because of the original high fat content of the milk. The aim of the present study was to evaluate

Otaviano Carneiro; CUNHA NETO; Carlos Augusto; Fernandes OLIVEIRA; Ricardo Muta HOTTA; Paulo José; Amaral SOBRAL

2005-01-01

9

Reusing Domains for the Construction of Reverse Engineering Tools Felipe Gouveia de Freitas and Julio Cesar Sampaio do Prado Leite  

E-print Network

was instantiated by a software machine, called Draco [19], which embodies an insightful combination of programmingReusing Domains for the Construction of Reverse Engineering Tools Felipe Gouveia de Freitas. Our work proposes a singular approach to the construction of reverse engineering tools. Using

Leite, Julio Cesar Sampaio do Prado

10

Localized Raman Enhancement from a Double-Hole Nanostructure in a Metal Film Qiao Min, Marcos Jose Leite Santos,, Emerson M. Girotto, Alexandre G. Brolo, and  

E-print Network

subwavelength focusing. The finite- difference time-domain method was used to calculate the electromagnetic enhancement. Surface plasmons in nanostructured metals generate highly concentrated electromagnetic fields into surface plasmons and then focus the electromagnetic field to the location of the double-hole.15

Brolo, Alexandre G.

11

Chromium diffusion in lithium niobate for active optical waveguides Jo& M. Almeida,a) Gerard Boyle,b) and Ant6nio P. Leite  

E-print Network

Chromium diffusion in lithium niobate for active optical waveguides Jo& M. Almeida,a) Gerard Boyle (Received 14 February 1995; accepted for publication 26 April 1995) A method to fabricate chromium is reported. Chromium concentration depth profiles have been obtained by secondary-ion-mass spectrometry

12

A variabilidade da freqüência cardíaca materna, no anteparto de gestantes com pré-eclâmpsia e em gestantes normotensas, e a sua correlação com os desfechos maternos e perinatais.  

E-print Network

??Introdução: A pré-eclâmpsia (PE) está associada a complicações materno-fetais e pode estar acompanhada de redução da modulação autonômica cardíaca. A Variabilidade da Freqüência cardíaca (VFC)… (more)

Regina Coeli Marques de Carvalho

2012-01-01

13

fur Mathematik in den Naturwissenschaften  

E-print Network

to market Victor Sergeev translated from the Russian and edited by Dimitry Leites #12;Abstract. The book whereas the approach adopted by China and Vietnam should inevitably lead to economic growth (damped

14

1. INTRODUCTION The univoltine sandbee Andrena prox-  

E-print Network

proxima and allied species (Hymenoptera, Andrenidae) Andreas DUBITZKY, Klaus SCHÃ?NITZER* Zoologische stubb by Leit-C-Plast (a plastic conductive carbon cement) and investigated with a Phillips XL-20 or LEO

Boyer, Edmond

15

Avanços no estudo de edulcorantes em chocolates tipo ao leite , light em calorias e isentos de lactose e sacarose : perfil sensorial descritivo, tempo-intensidade múltiplo e vida útil = Advances in the study on chocolate milk sweeteners, light of calories, free of lactose and sucrose : sensory descriptive profile, multiple time-intensity and shelf-life.  

E-print Network

??Mundialmente a exigência por dietas controladas tem crescido vertiginosamente. Entre elas, destacam-se alimentação com redução calórica, restrição de açúcares, gorduras e sódio, almejando a prevenção… (more)

Alessandra Bugatte Palazzo;

2013-01-01

16

SIGNIFICADOS DE AVÓS SOBRE A PRÁTICA DO ALEITAMENTO MATERNO NO COTIDIANO FAMILIAR: A CULTURA DO QUERER-PODER AMAMENTAR GRANDPARENTS' UNDERSTANDINGS ABOUT THE PRACTICE OF MATERNAL BREAST FEEDING IN FAMILY DAILY LIFE: THE CULTURE OF POSSIBILITIES FOR BREASTFEEDING SIGNIFICADOS DE LAS ABUELAS SOBRE LAS PRÁCTICAS DE LA LACTANCIA MATERNA EN SU COTIDIANO FAMILIAR: LA CULTURA DEL QUERER-PODER AMAMANTAR  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMO: Trata-se de um estudo qualitativo, fundamentado no Interacionismo Simbólico, tendo como objetivos compreender como os avós experienciaram e\\/ou vivenciaram a prática do aleitamento materno no cotidiano familiar e refletir sobre seus significados. Os dados foram coletados durante uma oficina, tendo como informantes onze avós. Da análise temática, emergiram quatro categorias: \\

Marizete Argolo Teixeira; Rosane Gonçalves Nitschke; Patricia De Gasperi; Mônica Joesting Siedler

17

Super-Poincare' algebras, space-times and supergravities (II)  

E-print Network

The presentation of supergravity theories of our previous paper "Super-Poincare' algebras, space-times and supergravities (I)" is re-formulated in the language of Berezin-Leites-Kostant theory of supermanifolds. It is also shown that the equations of Cremmer, Julia and Scherk's theory of 11D-supergravity are equivalent to manifestly covariant equations on a supermanifold.

Andrea Santi; Andrea Spiro

2011-08-31

18

A New Architecture for Flexible Shop Control Systems* Gerrit Teunis, IFW, Paulo Leito CCP, Michael Madden, MCS  

E-print Network

A New Architecture for Flexible Shop Control Systems* Gerrit Teunis, IFW, Paulo Leitão CCP, Michael: Production Management, Shop Control, Scheduling, Decentralised Systems 1. Introduction Since the 1980s,2]. These small, autonomous production shops and cells need visual, user friendly scheduling and control systems

Madden, Michael

19

Curso Mentorando Mentor Carolina Filipa Lopes Pinto Correia  

E-print Network

Curso Mentorando Mentor Carolina Filipa Lopes Pinto Correia Catarina Ricardo Oliveira Francisco Matias da Rocha Inês Filipa Morais da Costa João Pedro Cerdeira Gil Maria Burnay Barros Mariana Devesa Lopes e Figueira Machado Sara Patrícia Ferreira da Silva Tiago da Costa Leitão Ana Carolina Silva Ana

Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica

20

The 2014 Clean Tech Challenge New Building Materials May Reduce Waste At Portland Grocers  

E-print Network

that eliminates the environmental and health risks associated with lead-acid batteries, has triple the life expectancy, and recharges many times faster than traditional automotive batteries. Until recently, the lead-acid out there using materials like recycled paper as insulation," Leite said, "but no one has used waxed

Latiolais, M. Paul

21

ASC Report No. 29/2011 Analytic regularity for a singularly perturbed  

E-print Network

-3-902627-04-9 #12;Most recent ASC Reports 28/2011 M. Feischl, M. Karkulik, JM. Melenk, D. Praetorius Quasi-optimal Methods for the ANTARES Code 26/2011 Michael Dreher, Angar J¨ungel Compact families of piecewise constant Ferraz-Leite, Petra Goldenits, Michael Karkulik, Markus Mayr, Dirk Praetorius HILBERT-A MATLAB

Melenk, Jens Markus

22

Nutrient intake in an elderly population in Southern France (POLANUT): deficiency in some vitamins, minerals and 3 PUFA.  

E-print Network

Nutrient intake in an elderly population in Southern France (POLANUT): deficiency in some vitamins,version1 HAL author manuscript #12;Abstract Objective: Evaluation of the nutritional status of an elderly [4] and in Italy [5]. In an Italian elderly rural population Correa Leite et al [5] found a high

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

23

Performance, Salaries and Contract Length: Empirical Evidence from German Soccer  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recent transfers of Christiano Ronaldo from Manchester United, and of Ricardo Izecson dos Santos Leite (Kaká) from Associazione Calcio Milan to Real Madrid—as well as the increasing financial problems of many of the top teams in the big five European leagues—have again increased the public’s attention for the global football players’ labor market. Therefore, the paper addresses two important,

Bernd Frick

2011-01-01

24

(ij)UNIVERSITE AutourdulacduBourget  

E-print Network

Internai waves and turbulent mixing in lake Bourget Yannis Cuypers (l'), Brigitte Vinçon-Leite (1), Michel stratification a été caractérisée. Une attention particuliére a été portée sur les processus non linéaires stratification period is characterized. Special focus is given to non linear processes, occurring during

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

25

Glomrulopathie extramembraneuse par immunisation materno-foetale MOTS CLES : ALLO-IMMUNISATION MATERNO-FOETALE, CD10, ENDOPEPTIDASE NEUTRE, ALLO-  

E-print Network

contre l'endopeptidase neutre (EPN)/CD10. Les mères, apparemment bien portantes, sont génétiquement déficientes en EPN et s'immunisent dès la première grossesse contre l'EPN/CD10 présente sur les cellules10 [endopeptidase neutre (EPN)], [1, 2]. La maladie rénale est une glomérulopathie extramembraneuse

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

26

Original article Effects of meal intake on materno-foetal exchanges  

E-print Network

of nutrients from the mother to the foetus, as well as the control of foetal nutrient utilisation. Due of large size and which are also less prone to abortion such as the cow [8] and sheep [28, 29]. Some

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

27

Matrix De Rham Complex and Quantum A-infinity algebras  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I establish the relation of the non-commutative BV-formalism with super-invariant matrix integration. In particular, the non-commutative BV-equation, defining the quantum A ?-algebras, introduced in Barannikov (Modular operads and non-commutative Batalin-Vilkovisky geometry. IMRN, vol. 2007, rnm075. Max Planck Institute for Mathematics 2006-48, 2007), is represented via de Rham differential acting on the supermatrix spaces related with Bernstein-Leites simple associative algebras with odd trace q( N), and gl( N| N). I also show that the matrix Lagrangians from Barannikov (Noncommutative Batalin-Vilkovisky geometry and matrix integrals. Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Cambridge University, 2006) are represented by equivariantly closed differential forms.

Barannikov, S.

2014-04-01

28

Effects of gestational age and surface modification on materno-fetal transfer of nanoparticles in murine pregnancy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nanoparticle exposure in pregnancy may result in placental damage and fetotoxicity; however, the factors that determine fetal nanoparticle exposure are unclear. Here we have assessed the effect of gestational age and nanoparticle composition on fetal accumulation of maternally-administered nanomaterials in mice. We determined the placental and fetal uptake of 13 nm gold nanoparticles with different surface modifications (ferritin, PEG and citrate) following intravenous administration at E5.5-15.5. We showed that prior to E11.5, all tested nanoparticles could be visualized and detected in fetal tissues in significant amounts; however, fetal gold levels declined dramatically post-E11.5. In contrast, Au-nanoparticle accumulation in the extraembryonic tissues (EET) increased 6-15 fold with gestational age. Fetal and EET accumulation of ferritin- and PEG-modified nanoparticles was considerably greater than citrate-capped nanoparticles. No signs of toxicity were observed. Fetal exposure to nanoparticles in murine pregnancy is, therefore, influenced by both stage of embryonic/placental maturation and nanoparticle surface composition.

Yang, Hui; Sun, Cuiji; Fan, Zhenlin; Tian, Xin; Yan, Liang; Du, Libo; Liu, Yang; Chen, Chunying; Liang, Xing-Jie; Anderson, Gregory J.; Keelan, Jeffrey A.; Zhao, Yuliang; Nie, Guangjun

2012-11-01

29

Early contributions of Russian stress and exercise physiologists.  

PubMed

In Russia, the free development of scientific ideas was suppressed in 1950 as a result of the actions of the Joint Session of the Academy of Sciences and the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR. Hans Selye's theory on the general adaptation syndrome was considered unscientific. From 1956 to 1958, Pjotr Anokhin and Pjotr Gorizontov presented definitive arguments for having the theory accepted by scientists while the significance of hormones in adaptation became a topic of endocrine studies (Boris Aleshin, Igor Eskin, Vassily Komissarenko, Samuel Leites, and Michael Kolpakov). Later, Felius Meerson made essential contributions to the adaptive significance of protein synthesis and stress-limiting systems. The area of exercise physiology dealing with acute and chronic adaptation to strong physiological stressors was founded by Leon Orbeli and developed by Aleksei Krestovnikov. Significant contributors to this area were Vladimir Farfel, Nikolai Yakovlev, and Nikolai Zimkin. Although the majority of their publications have remained unknown outside of Russia, it is interesting that many of their results have been "rediscovered" by others. Yakovlev also deserves recognition because he was among the founders of contemporary exercise biochemistry and because his research has provided the foundation for current investigations. Several generations of young scientists have been inspired by the above-mentioned Russian scientists. Today, however, the research activities of scientists are no longer limited by political pressures but by financial resources instead. PMID:11896000

Viru, Atko

2002-04-01

30

Factors influencing swelling and shrinking in soils  

E-print Network

KHHHHHHHHHH HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH H n DDH BWyoWV eu ToiWsEitsWHHHHHHHH HHHHHHH HHHHHHHHHH b bbbb m AH OuuWai eu adEh coKWsEd ihlW eK fVWddoKG HHbbbbb g CH OuuWai eu esGEKoa aecletKrf eK fVWddoKGHHHHHHH x IH OuuWai eu aEioeKf EKr EKoeKf eK fVWddoKG HHHHHH M PH OuuWai eu oseK e...KG UsWfftsW eu NEQTtuYoK IdEh FsWEiWr *oiq vEshoKG AcetKif eu ?sodotc 9EiWsoEdf HHHHHH mm MH OuuWai eu PouuWsWKi IEioeKf eK iqW LVWddoKG UsWfftsW eu TtuYoK IdEh SsEaioeK HHHHHHHHHHH HHHHHH H mp 8H LVWddoKG UsWfftsW eu Lerotc LEitsEiWr IdEh Ss...

Davidson, Steve Edwin

2013-10-04

31

Karyotypic studies of Cratylia argentea (Desv.) O. Kuntze and C. mollis Mart. ex Benth. (Fabaceae - Papilionoideae).  

PubMed

Cratylia argentea and C. mollis (Fabaceae-Papilionoideae) are legume shrubs native to the Cerrado and Caatinga, respectively. Both species show great resistance to drought and high nutritive value, which makes them a valuable forage resource in tropical regions. Cytogenetic studies were carried out on accessions of C. argentea and C. mollis from Germplasm Banks of Embrapa Gado de Leite (Juiz de Fora, MG) and Embrapa Semi-Arido (Petrolina, PE), respectively. Root tips were treated with 3 mM 8-hydroxyquinoline and slides were made using the air-dry technique. Karyotype description for each accession took into account the following features: chromosome number; total length, relative length and arm ratio of each chromosome; haploid set length, and degree of asymmetry. Mitotic metaphases in both species showed 2n = 22 chromosomes, where this is the first report of diploid number for C. mollis. Chromosome length was also quite similar for the two species, ranging from 5.08 to 2.50 microm in C. argentea and 5.12 to 2.51 microm in C. mollis, with haploid sets of equal size, measuring 38.10 and 37.85 microm, respectively. However, they did not show the same karyotypic formula, which was 5 m + 4 sm + 2 st for C. argentea and 7 m + 2 sm + 2 st for C. mollis. This indicates the occurrence of rearrangements within chromosomes I and VI. Both karyotypes showed a tendency for asymmetry. PMID:18050091

Vargas, S M; Torres, G A; Sobrinho, F S; Pereira, A V; Davide, L C

2007-01-01

32

Thermodynamic potentials in closed and open nanocrystalline systems: Si-Ge islands on Si(001).  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The driving forces for alloying in Si-Ge epitaxial nanocrystalline islands were quantified experimentally. Closed and open systems were emulated by controlling surface diffusion kinetics [1]. Grazing Incidence X-Ray Diffraction (GIXRD) experiments were performed to map the composition and the strain distribution within the Si-Ge:Si(001) islands, permitting the evaluation of the relevant thermodynamic potentials for alloying. For the closed system the elastic strain energy increased, which was more than compensated by the increase in the local mixing entropy [2]. In contrast, for the open system, the elastic energy decreased and the mixing entropy increased, driven by the intermixing originated from the inflow of Si from the reservoir. For both systems, the evolution of the composition leads to a lowering of the Gibbs free energy. The results were in full agreement with a theoretical prediction of the optimum concentration for epitaxial islands. [1] M. S. Leite et al, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 165901 (2007). [2] G. Medeiros-Ribeiro et al, Nano Lett. 7, 223 (2007).

Leite, Marina S.; Malachias, Angelo; Kycia, Stefan W.; Kamins, Ted I.; Williams, R. Stanley; Medeiros-Ribeiro, Gilberto

2008-03-01

33

Multivariate statistical analysis of wildfires in Portugal  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Several studies demonstrate that wildfires in Portugal present high temporal and spatial variability as well as cluster behavior (Pereira et al., 2005, 2011). This study aims to contribute to the characterization of the fire regime in Portugal with the multivariate statistical analysis of the time series of number of fires and area burned in Portugal during the 1980 - 2009 period. The data used in the analysis is an extended version of the Rural Fire Portuguese Database (PRFD) (Pereira et al, 2011), provided by the National Forest Authority (Autoridade Florestal Nacional, AFN), the Portuguese Forest Service, which includes information for more than 500,000 ?re records. There are many multiple advanced techniques for examining the relationships among multiple time series at the same time (e.g., canonical correlation analysis, principal components analysis, factor analysis, path analysis, multiple analyses of variance, clustering systems). This study compares and discusses the results obtained with these different techniques. Pereira, M.G., Trigo, R.M., DaCamara, C.C., Pereira, J.M.C., Leite, S.M., 2005: "Synoptic patterns associated with large summer forest fires in Portugal". Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 129, 11-25. Pereira, M. G., Malamud, B. D., Trigo, R. M., and Alves, P. I.: The history and characteristics of the 1980-2005 Portuguese rural fire database, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 11, 3343-3358, doi:10.5194/nhess-11-3343-2011, 2011 This work is supported by European Union Funds (FEDER/COMPETE - Operational Competitiveness Programme) and by national funds (FCT - Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology) under the project FCOMP-01-0124-FEDER-022692, the project FLAIR (PTDC/AAC-AMB/104702/2008) and the EU 7th Framework Program through FUME (contract number 243888).

Costa, Ricardo; Caramelo, Liliana; Pereira, Mário

2013-04-01

34

A Mathematical Physicist's Approach to Virology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The following talk has been given in a special session dedicated to Professor Heinz-Dietrich Doebner at QTS in Prague in August 2011 on the occasion of his 80th birthday. It documents my journey from being a PhD student in Mathematical Physics at the Arnold Sommerfeld Institute in Clausthal under his supervision, to becoming a Professor of Mathematical Biology at the University of York in the UK. I am currently heading an interdisciplinary research group of eight PDRAs and PhDs, focussed on investigating the structures of viruses from a symmetry perspective and unravelling the implications of virus structure on how viruses form and infect their hosts. A central element in my research is my fascination with the development and application of symmetry techniques, which stems from my time in Clausthal when working with Professor Doebner and colleagues. I would like to thank Professor Doebner for these important formative years in Clausthal. Der folgende Vortrag war mein Beitrag zu einer Festsitzung fuer Herrn Professor Heinz-Dietrich Doebner auf der Tagung QTS im August 2011 anläßlich seines achzigsten Geburtstags. Dieser Beitrag dokumentiert, wie sich meine Forschungen aus der Zeit als Doktorandin von Herrn Professor Doebner in Mathematischer Physik am Arnold Sommerfeld Institut in Clausthal weiterentwickelt haben, und zu meiner Professur in Mathematischer Biologie an der Universität York geführt haben. Ich leite dort zur Zeit eine interdisziplinäre Forschungsgruppe von acht Postdocs und Doktoranden, die sich mit der Entwicklung und Anwendung von Symmetrie-Techniken in der Virologie beschäftigt, und insbesondere untersucht, wie sich die Symmetrie-Eigenschaften von Viren auf deren Entstehung und Funktionsweise auswirken. Eine wichtige Vorraussetzung für dieses Forschungsprogramm ist meine Faszination für die Modellierung von Symmetrie-Eigenschaften, die ich während meiner Zusammenarbeit mit Herrn Professor Doebner und Kollegen in Clausthal entwickelt habe. Ich möchte Herrn Professor Doebner für diese wichtigen formativen Jahre besonderen Dank aussprechen.

Twarock, Reidun

2012-02-01

35

Spatio-temporal clustering of wildfires in Portugal  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Several studies have shown that wildfires in Portugal presenthigh temporal as well as high spatial variability (Pereira et al., 2005, 2011). The identification and characterization of spatio-temporal clusters contributes to a comprehensivecharacterization of the fire regime and to improve the efficiency of fire prevention and combat activities. The main goalsin this studyare: (i) to detect the spatio-temporal clusters of burned area; and, (ii) to characterize these clusters along with the role of human and environmental factors. The data were supplied by the National Forest Authority(AFN, 2011) and comprises: (a)the Portuguese Rural Fire Database, PRFD, (Pereira et al., 2011) for the 1980-2007period; and, (b) the national mapping burned areas between 1990 and 2009. In this work, in order to complement the more common cluster analysis algorithms, an alternative approach based onscan statistics and on the permutation modelwas used. This statistical methodallows the detection of local excess events and to test if such an excess can reasonably have occurred by chance.Results obtained for different simulations performed for different spatial and temporal windows are presented, compared and interpreted.The influence of several fire factors such as (climate, vegetation type, etc.) is also assessed. Pereira, M.G., Trigo, R.M., DaCamara, C.C., Pereira, J.M.C., Leite, S.M., 2005:"Synoptic patterns associated with large summer forest fires in Portugal".Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 129, 11-25. Pereira, M. G., Malamud, B. D., Trigo, R. M., and Alves, P. I.: The history and characteristics of the 1980-2005 Portuguese rural fire database, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 11, 3343-3358, doi:10.5194/nhess-11-3343-2011, 2011 AFN, 2011: AutoridadeFlorestalNacional (National Forest Authority). Available at http://www.afn.min-agricultura.pt/portal.

Costa, R.; Pereira, M. G.; Caramelo, L.; Vega Orozco, C.; Kanevski, M.

2012-04-01

36

Maternal glucocorticoid treatment modulates placental leptin and leptin receptor expression and materno-fetal leptin physiology during late pregnancy, and elicits hypertension associated with hyperleptinaemia in the early-growth-retarded adult offspring  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Leptin concentrations are increased during late pregnancy, and leptin receptors are expressed in placental and fetal tissues, suggesting a role for leptin in placental and\\/or fetal growth, or both. In humans, leptin concentrations in adulthood are inversely related to body weight at birth, independent of adult adiposity, and correlate with fasting insulin. Glucocorticoids and insulin regulate leptin secretion. Excessive

Mary C Sugden; Maria L Langdown; Melinda J Munns; Mark J Holness

2001-01-01

37

Greenhouse gas emissions in the Brazilian semiarid region: environmental, climate and social constraints  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The process of removing a forest to open new agricultural lands, which has been very intensive in developing countries like Brazil during the last decades (Lapola et al, 2014), contributes to about 12% of the global anthropogenic emissions (Le Quéré et al., 2009). Forest cover removal releases carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gases (GEE) like methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O), as a result of burning trees, followed by gradual decomposition of the forest biomass left on the ground while pasture or crop plantations are being established (Ramankutty et al., 2007). In Brazil, the 2nd Brazilian National Communication to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), presents the mean annual net CO2 emissions caused by changes in land use in each Brazilian biome and the first place in the ranking is occupied by the Amazon Rainforest Biome (860,874 Gg), followed by Savannah (302,715 Gg), Atlantic Forest (79,109 Gg), Caatinga (37,628 Gg), Pantanal (16,172 Gg) and Pampa (-102 Gg) (MCT 2010). Despite these results, the estimates of CO2 emissions caused by land use changes in the Brazilian semiarid region (Caatinga) are very limited and scarce, and associated to uncertainties which are directly related to the estimated biomass in different types of vegetation which are spatially distributed within the biome, as well as the correct representation of the dynamics of the deforestation process itself, and the more accurate mapping use and land cover. Based on such facts, this project is estimating the emissions of the main greenhouse gases (CO2, N2O and CH4) caused by land use changes in an area of Caatinga biome in Pernambuco State through the model INPE-EM. So far, it is known that from decades of 1940 up to 1995, Caatinga biome has contributed with about 3.2 % to total land use change emissions in the country (Leite et al, 2012), and recently (1990-2005), the contributions of Caatinga are even higher (over 30%), according to the 2nd Brazilian National Communication (2010). By means means of the model INPE-EM (data still being acquired), we are trying to diminish the uncertainties and identify specific and integrated emissions of GHG, as well as the stocks and flows of C and N, in order to contribute to the current information about GEE dynamic in the Brazilian Northeast and also to enhance the Brazilian GHG inventory. Besides, the model will incorporate the temporal dynamics related to the deforestation process, and accounts for the biophysical and socioeconomic heterogeneity of the region in study.

Sousa-Neto, Eráclito; Ometto, Jean

2014-05-01

38

Deforestation in Brazil: motivations, journeys and tendencies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

José Carlos Leite1; António José Dinis Ferreira2; Tanya Cristina de Jesus Esteves2; Célia Patrícia Martins Bento2 1Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso, Brazil; 2IPC - Escola Superior Agrária de Coimbra, Portugal Over the last three decades, deforestation in Brazil occurred systematically in the area known as the "arc of deforestation", an extensive geographical area located in the interface of the Cerrado and the Amazon biomes. This work encompasses the reasons, causes and/or motivations of that recent deforestation, focusing on the Central-West and Northern regions. A number of reasons will be presented, seeking to build an approach able to identify the deepest roots of deforestation of those regions. Our actions over the environment are framed by our cultural matrix that stream from a western philosophic attitude. This way, to understand the framework where the deforestation actions are justified requires a multidisciplinary approach to understand the deforestation of the Cerrado and Amazon biomes, since the motivations for forest destruction in Brazil are complex and not entirely understood within the domains of a single disciplinary area. To search for an isolated cause to understand the recent deforestation can only be plausible if we ignore information on what actually happens. The methodology used in this work is based on a bibliographical revision, analysis of georeferrenced information, participative processes implementation and observation of stakeholder behavior, and field research. It departs from a general vision on deforestation that initially occurred at the littoral region, by the Atlantic Rainforest, right after the arrival of the Europeans, and throughout the centuries penetrates towards the interior, hitting the Cerrado and Amazon biomes. In this last case, we focused on the Vale do Alto Guaporé region, near Bolivia, where the intensity of the deforestation was verified from 1970 to 1990. Ultimately, the final result is a mosaic of reasons for deforestation - that has been done by both large and small land owners - that incorporates other views that have been absent in the explanations given by so-called specialized literature of Brazil's deforestation.

Leite, J. C.; Ferreira, A. J. D.; Esteves, T. C. J.; Bento, C. P. M.

2012-04-01

39

Efectos genéticos directos, maternos y heterosis individual para tasas de estro, gestación, parición y destete de vacas Criollo, Guzerat y sus cruzas F1 Breed effects and individual heterosis for pregnancy, calving and weaning rates in Criollo, Guzerat and F1 cows  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reproductive records of beef cows were collected in 2000, 2001, 2002 and 2003 to estimate direct and maternal genetic effects and to compare estrous (ER), pregnancy (PR), calving (CR) and weaning (WR) rates. Data was collected from Guzerat (G, n=202), Criollo (C, n=126), Criollo x Guzerat (CG, n=101) and Guzerat x Criollo (GC, n=35) cows. Analyses were carried out with

Guillermo Martínez Velázquez; Moisés Montaño Bermúdez; José Antonio Palacios Fránquezb

40

Position and Velocity Tracking in Cellular Networks Using the Kalman Filter  

SciTech Connect

Access to the right information anytime, anywhere is becoming the new driving force for the information technology revolution. The 'right' information's relevance is based on the user's profile and his/her current geographical position and/or time. Location Based Service (LBS) is an innovative technology that provides information or makes information available based on the geographical location of the mobile user. Analysts predict that LBSs will lead to new applications, generating billions of US dollars worldwide (Leite, 2001; Searle, 2001). The need for an efficient and accurate mobile station (MS) positioning system is growing day by day. The ability to pinpoint the location of an individual has an obvious and vital value in the context of emergency services (Chan, 2003; Olama et al., 2008). Pinpointing the location of people and other valuable assets also opens the door to a new world of previously unimagined information services and m-commerce probabilities. For example, availability of services like 'Where is the nearest ATM?', 'Check traffic conditions on the highway on my route', 'Find a parking lot nearby', as well as answers to 'Where is my advisor?', and 'Where is my car?' will be an everyday rule in our lives (Charalambous & Panayiotou, 2004). A technology independent LBS architecture can be considered as comprised by three main parts (Girodon, 2002): A user requesting information, a mobile network operator and its partners, and several content providers (e.g. data, maps). The subscriber requests a personalized service dependant on his geographic location. The system will ask the Location Services Manager (which is in charge of handling requests, i.e., send/receive to the Location Calculator and the Content Providers) to pinpoint the location of the mobile. The Location Services Manager (LSM), using the Location Calculator, will ask the Content Provider (CP) to supply qualified information according to the mobile's geographical position. The LSM will eventually receive the answer from the CP and send it to the mobile, performing the essential data translations. Fig. 1 outlines the precedent concept. For effective provision of LBS, one has to provide an accurate location, as well as suitable information for users required by the corresponding service, with minimal expenditure. Thus, there are three main technology issues that have to be resolved for LBS: positioning technology, application technology, and location services (Dru & Saada, 2001). A very important technology is of course the positioning technology, the way to find out the location of a mobile device accurately. Due to the unique characteristics of the cellular environment, it is a great challenge to locate the user precisely. However, in many cases, application technology and location services are important consideration of LBS. Application technology manages the geographic information and delivers the customer requests to the appropriate service provider, thus it constitutes the communication system involved. LBS uses the geographic information to provide geographically sensitive information and services. Location-based applications and services are not sensitive to the type of location technology that is used - they merely rely on reasonably accurate geographic coordinates (Chan, 2003). This chapter is structured as follows: In Section 2, we describe the use and applications of LBSs. The current location determination technologies and standards are presented in Section 3. In Section 4 we describe the mathematical models used for the location and velocity estimation algorithms. An initial attempt for MS location estimation via received signal level using the maximum likelihood estimation (MLE) approach and triangulation is presented in Sections 5. Since the former approach lacks acceptable accuracy for demanding services as numerical results reveal, the extended Kalman filter (EKF) approach, which is the main topic in this chapter, is introduced in Sections 6. In Section 7 we present numerical results. Section 8 provides concluding remarks.

Olama, Mohammed M [ORNL; Djouadi, Seddik M [ORNL; Kuruganti, Phani Teja [ORNL

2009-01-01

41

PREFACE: Introduction to the proceedings of Dynamics Days South America 2010  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This proceedings presents selected contributions from the participants of South America Dynamics Days 2011, which was hosted by the National Institute for Space Research (INPE), Brazil, in July 2010. Dynamics Days was founded in 1980 and is the longest standing and most respected international series of meetings devoted to the field of dynamics and nonlinearity. Traditionally it has brought together researchers from a wide range of backgrounds - including physics, biology, engineering, chemistry and mathematics - for interdisciplinary research into nonlinear science. Dynamics Days South America 2010 marked the beginning of the South American branch of Dynamics Days. It brought together, for the first time in South America, researchers from a wide range of backgrounds who share a common interest in the theory and applications of nonlinear dynamics. Thus, South American researchers had a forum to promote regional as well as international scientific and technological exchange and collaboration especially, but not exclusively, on problems that are particularly relevant for the development of science and technology in the South American region. Furthermore, the conference also brought together prominent scientists from around the world to review recent developments in nonlinear science. This conference comprised plenary invited talks, minisymposia, contributed talks and poster sessions. The articles that are compiled here were chosen from among the works that were presented as contributed talks and posters. They represent a good selection which allows one to put issues that were discussed during the conference into perspective. It is possible to evaluate the success of an initiative by using several indices. In relation to attendees, the conference had 311 participants from 22 countries, who presented 341 works. About 86% of the participants came from South American countries. These figures allow one to classify this Dynamics Days conference as that with the greatest number of attendees ever. Finally, we would like to express our gratitude to all the participants for their presentations, discussions, and remarkable interactions with one another. The tireless work undertaken by all the members of the International Advisory Committee and the Organizing Committee must also be recognized. We also wish to express our deep appreciation for the Scientific Societies and Research Support Agencies which supported the conference and provided all the resources which were necessary to make this idea of a South American Dynamics Days come true. Elbert E N Macau, Tiago Pereira, Antonio F B A Prado, Luiz F R Turci, and Othon C WinterEditors Conference photograph Conference photograph Conference photograph Conference photograph International Advisory Committee Adilson E MotterNorthwestern UniversityEvanston - IL - USA Alfredo OzorioCentro Brasileiro de Pesquisas FísicasRio de Janeiro - RJ - Brazil Celso Grebogi (Chair)University of AberdeenAberdeen - UK Ed OttUniversity of MarylandCollege Park - MD - USA Epaminondas Rosa JrIllinois State UniversityNormal - IL - USA Hans Ingo WeberPontifícia Universidade CatólicaRio de Janeiro - RJ - Brazil Holger KantzMax Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex SystemsDresden - Germany Jason Gallas (Co-chair)Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do SulPorto Alegre - RS - Brazil José Roberto Rios LeiteUniv. Federal de PernanbucoRecife - PE - Brazil Jürgen KurthsPotsdam Institute for climate Impact ResearchHumboldt University, Berlin - Germany Kenneth ShowalterWest Virginia UniversityMorgantown - WV - USA Lou PecoraNaval Research LabWashington - DC - USA Luis Antonio AguirreUniversidade Federal de Minas GeraisBelo Horizonte - MG - Brazil Marcelo VianaIMPA - Instituto Nacional de Matemática Pura e AplicadaRio de Janeiro - RJ - Brazil Miguel A F SanjuánUniversidad Rey Juan CarlosMadrid - Spain Paulo Roberto de Souza MendesPontifícia Universidade CatólicaRio de Janeiro - RJ - Brazil Roland KorbeleUniversidade de São PauloSão Carlos - SP - Brazil Rubens SampaioPontifícia Universidade CatólicaRio de Ja

Macau, Elbert E. N.; Pereira, Tiago; Prado, Antonio F. B. A.; Turci, Luiz F. R.; Winter, Othon C.

2011-03-01

42

DEPARTAMENTO DE ECOLOGA HUMANA  

E-print Network

(1992) UNAM. Temas de investigación: Medicina tradicional. Estado nutricional. Geografía de la salud de investigación: Salud, nutrición y comportamiento de los grupos materno-infantil y de preescolares

43

DEPARTAMENTO DE ECOLOGA HUMANA  

E-print Network

) UNAM. Temas de investigación: Medicina tradicional. Estado nutricional. Geografía de la salud. gbalam. Temas de investigación: Salud, nutrición y comportamiento de los grupos materno-infantil y de preescolar

44

EMBARAZO ECTÓPICO: PATRONES HISTOLÓGICOS DE LAS VELLOSIDADES CORIALES. INFORME PRELIMINAR  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES. To describe ectopic pregnancy chorion OUTCOME MEASURES . Histological patterns of chorion villi. R ESULTS. We describe five different histologi- cal patterns of chorial villi. C ONCLUSIONS. The pos- sibility that these chorial villi histology changes are related to materno-fetal pathology is consid-

Andrés Lucen

45

Maternal-Fetal Interaction in the ABO System: A Comparative Analysis of Healthy Mothers and Couples with Recurrent Spontaneous Abortion Suggests a Protective Effect of B Incompatibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

1 Abstract We investigated the possible differential effects of A and B blood group materno-fetal incompatibility on human fertility through a com- parative analysis of couples with recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) and healthy mothers. ABO phenotype was determined in 5180 healthy mothers and their newborn babies from the population of Sassari (Sardinia) and in 1359 healthy puerperae (women who have

Nunzio Bottini; Gian Franco Meloni; Andrea Finocchi; Giuseppina Ruggiu; Ada Amante; Tullio Meloni; Egidio Bottini

2001-01-01

46

Maternal-Fetal Interaction in the ABO System: A Comparative Analysis of Healthy Mothers and Couples with Recurrent Spontaneous Abortion Suggests a Protective Effect of B Incompatibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated the possible differential effects of A and B blood group materno-fetal incompatibility on human fertility through a comparative analysis of couples with recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) and healthy mothers. ABO phenotype was determined in 5180 healthy mothers and their newborn babies from the population of Sassari (Sardinia) and in 1359 healthy puerperae (women who have just given birth)

Nunzio Bottini; Gian Franco Meloni; Andrea Finocchi; Giuseppina Ruggiu; Ada Amante; Tullio Meloni; Egidio Bottini

2011-01-01

47

Fluid compartments of the embryonic environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The exocoelomic cavity was probably the last remaining physiological body fluid cavity to be explored in the human embryo. Its unique anatomical position has enabled us to study the protein metabolism of the early placenta and secondary yolk sac and to explore materno-embryonic transfer pathways. The exocoelomic cavity forms inside the extraembryonic mesoderm alongside the placental chorionic plate and is

Eric Jauniaux; Beatrice Gulbis

48

[Integral treatment of congenital Chagas disease: the Bolivian experience ].  

PubMed

We have analyzed the response to the treatment with benznidazol in newborns and nurslings in the Hospital Materno Infantil Germán Urquidi of Cochabamba, Bolivia, between 1999 and 2002. It is important an integral treatment of the nursling with a subsequent information directed to the family. The response was close to 100% when the treatment was correctly administrated. They were not adverse effects and the detected biochemical alterations did not present clinical significance. PMID:16482807

Suárez, Eduardo; Alonso-Vega, Cristina; Torrico, Faustino; Córdova, Marisol

2005-01-01

49

Maternal corticosterone regulates nutrient allocation to fetal growth in mice  

PubMed Central

Stresses during pregnancy that increase maternal glucocorticoids reduce birth weight in several species. However, the role of natural glucocorticoids in the mother in fetal acquisition of nutrients for growth remains unknown. This study aimed to determine whether fetal growth was reduced as a consequence of altered amino acid supply when mice were given corticosterone in their drinking water for 5 day periods in mid to late pregnancy (day, D, 11–16 or D14–19). Compared to controls drinking tap water, fetal weight was always reduced by corticosterone. At D16, corticosterone had no effect on materno-fetal transfer of [14C]methylaminoisobutyric acid (MeAIB), although placental MeAIB accumulation and expression of the Slc38a1 and Slc38a2 transporters were increased. However, at D19, 3 days after treatment ended, materno-fetal transfer of MeAIB was increased by 37% (P < 0.04). During treatment at D19, placental accumulation and materno-fetal transfer of MeAIB were reduced by 40% (P < 0.01), although expression of Slc38a1 was again elevated. Permanent reductions in placental vascularity occurred during the earlier but not the later period of treatment. Placental Hsd11b2 expression, which regulates feto-placental glucocorticoid bioavailability, was also affected by treatment at D19 only. Maternal corticosterone concentrations inversely correlated with materno-fetal MeAIB clearance and fetal weight at D19 but not D16. On D19, weight gain of the maternal carcass was normal during corticosterone treatment but reduced in those mice treated from D11 to D16, in which corticosterone levels were lowest. Maternal corticosterone is, therefore, a physiological regulator of the amino acid supply for fetal growth via actions on placental phenotype. PMID:22930269

Vaughan, Owen R; Sferruzzi-Perri, Amanda N; Fowden, Abigail L

2012-01-01

50

Embolie de liquide amniotique: ? propos de deux cas  

PubMed Central

L’embolie de liquide amniotique (ELA) est une complication imprévisible de l’accouchement, souvent fatale, associant un collapsus cardiovasculaire sévère, un syndrome de détresse respiratoire aiguë et une hémorragie avec coagulation intra vasculaire disséminée (CIVD). Dès l’évocation du diagnostic, la prise en charge doit être multidisciplinaire et intensive. ELA est responsable d’une mortalité maternelle et néonatale importante, son incidence est extrêmement variable selon les études et le taux de mortalité maternelle varie entre 26 et 86 % selon les études. Ces dix dernières années, le pronostic materno-fœtal semble en amélioration grâce aux progrès de prise en charge standardisée multidisciplinaire sur les lieux d’accouchement. Nous rapportons deux cas d’embolie de liquide amniotique. Le premier cas s’est manifesté au cours du travail et le deuxième cas est survenu dans les suites immédiates de l’accouchement. PMID:22655108

Elbahraoui, Houda; Bouziane, Hanane; Elghanmi, Adil; Lakhdar, Amina; Elhanchi, Zaki; Ferhati, Driss

2012-01-01

51

Light and scanning electron microscopic study on the blood vascular system of the donkey placenta.  

PubMed

The donkey placenta is diffuse and epitheliochorial with numerous microplacentomes consisting of a fetal microcotyledonary and a maternal microcaruncular part. The microplacentomal vasculature during the last third of pregnancy has been investigated by light microscopy in comparison to scanning electron microscopy of the materno-fetal contact surface and corrosion casts of blood vessels after plastic instillation from either the microcotyledonary or the microcaruncular side, and, for the first time in a perissodactyle, from both sides. Morphological data were semiquantitatively evaluated. The supplying parts of both, the microcotyledonary and the microcaruncular vascular system are strictly proximo-distally oriented, thus reaching the capillary systems or working parts in the shortest way possible. The straight course of the vasculature, particularly on the fetal side, suggests the occurrence of venulo-arteriolar back diffusion. The fetal capillary system consists of convolutes confronting the maternal septal capillary complexes in a countercurrent way. This materno-fetal blood flow interrelationship is highly efficient in terms of placental exchange, which is further supported (1) by dilations and increasing coiling of the fetal venular capillary limbs in particular and (2) by a decrease in the interhaemal distance from 12.5 to 7.2 microm between the two capillary systems. Besides the countercurrent blood flow interrelationship, some maternal branch arterioles reach the septal capillary system from the maternally oriented pole of the microplacentome or microcaruncle, respectively, resulting in the less efficient crosscurrent blood flow. Hence, in the donkey placenta fetal and maternal blood vessels meet in a mix of countercurrent and crosscurrent flow patterns. PMID:18067487

Saber, A; Abd-Elnaeim, M; Hembes, T; Pfarrer, C; Salim, A; Leiser, R

2008-04-01

52

Listeriosis outbreak associated with the consumption of rillettes in France in 1993.  

PubMed

An outbreak of listeriosis involving 38 patients occurred in France between 18 June and 5 October 1993. The epidemic clone was characterized by serovar 4b, phagovar 2671:108:312, and DNA macrorestriction patterns 12 and 13. Thirty-one case-patients were materno-neonatal patients and 7 patients were nonpregnant adults. Preliminary analysis of a case-control study implicated a pork product, rillettes, of a particular brand (odds ratio, 18; 95% confidence interval, 2.2-208) as the vehicle of infection. Rillettes is a ready-to-eat food prepared with ham meat cooked with grease. The implicated lots of rillettes were recalled in mid-August, and the French authorities issued a warning to the general public. Microbiologic analysis of unopened plastic cans of rillettes confirmed the results of the case-control study 3 weeks after the recall. Final analysis showed that the rillettes was the major vehicle of the outbreak but suggested that other brand A meat products could also have been involved. PMID:9419182

Goulet, V; Rocourt, J; Rebiere, I; Jacquet, C; Moyse, C; Dehaumont, P; Salvat, G; Veit, P

1998-01-01

53

[Foetal rhabdomyosarcoma with massive cardiac and placental infiltration associated with intrauterine foetal death].  

PubMed

Rhabdomyosarcoma is a common malignant soft-tissue tumour in children, accounting for 6-7% of all malignant tumours in childhood. Congenital neoplasms are very rare in childhood and represent 2.5% of all paediatric tumours; the intrauterine or congenital diagnosis of rhabdomyosarcomas is extremely seldom. The most frequent locations of rhabdomyosarcomas are the head and neck regions. There are a number of ultrasonographic differential diagnoses. In cases of foetal rhabdomyosarcomas in utero, not only distant metastases but also the possibility of placental infiltration and thus of hypothetical distant metastases in the mother must be taken into consideration because of their metastatic potential. Only very few cases of transplacental penetration of tumour cells and especially of foeto-maternal metastatic invasion, in contrast to materno-foetal tumour cell transfer in the case of maternal cancer disease, have been reported in the literature. We report on a foetal rhabdomyosarcoma of the head and neck area with massive cardiac and placental infiltration associated with intrauterine foetal death in the second trimester. Sonographic features and necropsy findings are described and the differential diagnosis is discussed. Furthermore, diagnostic approaches to rule out a pattern of transplacental metastases are presented. PMID:20806152

Hoellen, F; Noack, F; Ribbat, J; Stefanova, I; Schröer, A; Bohlmann, M K

2010-08-01

54

Severe invasive listeriosis--case report.  

PubMed

Listeriosis is a rare food borne infection which, in the invasive form, presents as bloodstream infection, central nervous system infection, materno-fetal infection, or focal infection. Certain immunosuppressive conditions have been identified as risk factors for severe invasive disease. The invasive forms of listeriosis are associated with a high case fatality rate. We present the case of a 62-year-old male with an unremarkable medical history admitted to the Iasi Infectious Diseases Hospital for fever. headache, ataxia, and diplopia. Physical examination revealed high temperature, confusion, relative bradycardia, and signs of meningeal irritation. Laboratory test showed leukocyt osis with neutrophilia. pathological CSF findings (high WBC count with predominance of neutrophils, low glucose and high protein levels), increased liver enzymes (ALAT, ASAT, AP, gammaGT), and important renal impairment (normal levels at presentation). No abnormalities at chest x-ray, cranial CT and abdominal ultrasound. CSF and blood cultures were positive for Listeria monocytogenes. Under antibiotics (ampicillin and ciprofloxacin), the course was marked by respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation, coma, hypotension, tachycardia. and death 12 days after admission. The particularity of this case consists in the association of the two classical forms of invasive listeriosis, meningitis and bacteriemia, with a focal infection. acute hepatitis, and a course marked by multiple organ dysfunction syndromes and exitus in a previously apparently healthy individual. PMID:23272533

Teodor, Andra; Teodor, D; Miftode, Egidia; Pris?caru, D; Leca, Daniela; Petrovici, Cristina; Dorneanu, Olivia; Dorob?t, Carmen-Mihaela

2012-01-01

55

Impact of Placental Plasmodium falciparum Malaria on Pregnancy and Perinatal Outcome in Sub-Saharan Africa  

PubMed Central

Placental malaria is one of the major features of malaria during pregnancy and has been widely used as a standard indicator to characterize malaria infection in epidemiologic investigations. Although pathogenesis of placental malaria is only partially understood, placental sequestration of Plasmodium falciparum results in the accumulation of parasitized erythrocytes in the intervillous space, infiltration by inflammatory cells, and release of pro-inflammatory mediators, which cause pathologic alterations that could impair materno-fetal exchanges, often resulting in adverse pregnancy outcome. In this report, the impact of placental malaria on pregnancy and perinatal outcome is reviewed using data from studies conducted in sub-Saharan Africa. Generally, placental malaria was associated with increased risk of maternal anemia, HIV infection, and maternal mortality, with younger women and primigravidae more likely to be affected. A variety of adverse perinatal outcomes, including low birth weight, preterm delivery, intrauterine growth retardation, reduced fetal anthropometric parameters, fetal anemia, congenital malaria, increased mother-to-child HIV transmission, and perinatal mortality, were associated with placental malaria. There were, however, conflicting reports on whether the risk of these adverse perinatal outcomes associated with placental malaria were statistically significant. There is a clear need to strengthen the malaria prevention and intervention measures for pregnant women in sub-Saharan Africa. PMID:18160989

Uneke, Chigozie J.

2007-01-01

56

Milk is not just food but most likely a genetic transfection system activating mTORC1 signaling for postnatal growth  

PubMed Central

Milk has been recognized to represent a functionally active nutrient system promoting neonatal growth of mammals. Cell growth is regulated by the nutrient-sensitive kinase mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1). There is still a lack of information on the mechanisms of mTORC1 up-regulation by milk consumption. This review presents milk as a materno-neonatal relay system functioning by transfer of preferential amino acids, which increase plasma levels of glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP), glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), insulin, growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) for mTORC1 activation. Importantly, milk exosomes, which regularly contain microRNA-21, most likely represent a genetic transfection system enhancing mTORC1-driven metabolic processes. Whereas human breast milk is the ideal food for infants allowing appropriate postnatal growth and species-specific metabolic programming, persistent high milk signaling during adolescence and adulthood by continued cow´s milk consumption may promote mTORC1-driven diseases of civilization. PMID:23883112

2013-01-01

57

Is olfactory detection of human cancer by dogs based on major histocompatibility complex-dependent odour components?--A possible cure and a precocious diagnosis of cancer.  

PubMed

Given the reports made about dogs detecting cancer on the basis of odour, our hypothesis is that the volatile organic compounds produced by tumours, and detected by dogs, are products of MHC genes. Two lines of evidences support this hypothesis: (1) human body odour is genetically determined by MHC. These antigen molecules (HLA in humans) have soluble and detectable isoforms that are present in body fluids such as blood, urine and sweat; (2) there is a strong association between changes in HLA expression and cancer. Tumour transformation is frequently associated with low classical HLA class I molecules expression, namely HLA-A, HLA-B, and HLA-C. In addition, cancer is associated with high nonclassical HLA class I molecules expression, such as HLA-G and HLA-E. These evidences suggest that these HLA-associated olfactory cues of human cancer could be easily analysed, for example, by the "electronic nose", making possible a very precocious and reliable diagnostic of cancer. Because cancer immunescape mechanism is similar to that observed in the materno-fetal immune tolerance, we propose also that immunomodulatory abortifacients could be a good strategy in cancer treatment. PMID:16199130

Balseiro, S C; Correia, H R

2006-01-01

58

Retroviral envelope syncytin capture in an ancestrally diverged mammalian clade for placentation in the primitive Afrotherian tenrecs.  

PubMed

Syncytins are fusogenic envelope (env) genes of retroviral origin that have been captured for a function in placentation. Syncytins have been identified in Euarchontoglires (primates, rodents, Leporidae) and Laurasiatheria (Carnivora, ruminants) placental mammals. Here, we searched for similar genes in species that retained characteristic features of primitive mammals, namely the Malagasy and mainland African Tenrecidae. They belong to the superorder Afrotheria, an early lineage that diverged from Euarchotonglires and Laurasiatheria 100 Mya, during the Cretaceous terrestrial revolution. An in silico search for env genes with full coding capacity within a Tenrecidae genome identified several candidates, with one displaying placenta-specific expression as revealed by RT-PCR analysis of a large panel of Setifer setosus tissues. Cloning of this endogenous retroviral env gene demonstrated fusogenicity in an ex vivo cell-cell fusion assay on a panel of mammalian cells. Refined analysis of placental architecture and ultrastructure combined with in situ hybridization demonstrated specific expression of the gene in multinucleate cellular masses and layers at the materno-fetal interface, consistent with a role in syncytium formation. This gene, which we named "syncytin-Ten1," is conserved among Tenrecidae, with evidence of purifying selection and conservation of fusogenic activity. To our knowledge, it is the first syncytin identified to date within the ancestrally diverged Afrotheria superorder. PMID:25267646

Cornelis, Guillaume; Vernochet, Cécile; Malicorne, Sébastien; Souquere, Sylvie; Tzika, Athanasia C; Goodman, Steven M; Catzeflis, François; Robinson, Terence J; Milinkovitch, Michel C; Pierron, Gérard; Heidmann, Odile; Dupressoir, Anne; Heidmann, Thierry

2014-10-14

59

Uterine Vasculature Remodeling in Human Pregnancy Involves Functional Macrochimerism by Endothelial Colony Forming Cells of Fetal Origin  

PubMed Central

The potency of adult-derived circulating progenitor endothelial colony forming cells (ECFCs) is drastically surpassed by their fetal counterparts. Human pregnancy is associated with robust intensification of blood flow and vascular expansion in the uterus, crucial for placental perfusion and fetal supply. Here, we investigate whether fetal ECFCs transmigrate to maternal bloodstream and home to locations of maternal vasculogenesis, primarily the pregnant uterus. In the first instance, endothelial-like cells, originating from mouse fetuses expressing paternal eGFP, were identified within uterine endothelia. Subsequently, LacZ or enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP)-labeled human fetal ECFCs, transplanted into immunodeficient (NOD/SCID) fetuses on D15.5 pregnancy, showed similar integration into the mouse uterus by term. Mature endothelial controls (human umbilical vein endothelial cells), similarly introduced, were unequivocally absent. In humans, SRY was detected in 6 of 12 myometrial microvessels obtained from women delivering male babies. The copy number was calculated at 175 [IQR 149–471] fetal cells per millimeter square endothelium, constituting 12.5% of maternal vessel lumina. Cross-sections of similar human vessels, hybridized for Y-chromosome, positively identified endothelial-associated fetal cells. It appears that through ECFC donation, fetuses assist maternal uterine vascular expansion in pregnancy, potentiating placental perfusion and consequently their own fetal supply. In addition to fetal growth, this cellular mechanism holds implications for materno-fetal immune interactions and long-term maternal vascular health. PMID:23554274

Sipos, Peter I; Rens, Willem; Schlecht, HÉlène; Fan, Xiaohu; Wareing, Mark; Hayward, Christina; Hubel, Carl A; Bourque, Stephane; Baker, Philip N; Davidge, Sandra T; Sibley, Colin P; Crocker, Ian P

2013-01-01

60

A gestational profile of placental exosomes in maternal plasma and their effects on endothelial cell migration.  

PubMed

Studies completed to date provide persuasive evidence that placental cell-derived exosomes play a significant role in intercellular communication pathways that potentially contribute to placentation and development of materno-fetal vascular circulation. The aim of this study was to establish the gestational-age release profile and bioactivity of placental cell-derived exosome in maternal plasma. Plasma samples (n?=?20 per pregnant group) were obtained from non-pregnant and pregnant women in the first (FT, 6-12 weeks), second (ST, 22-24 weeks) and third (TT, 32-38 weeks) trimester. The number of exosomes and placental exosome contribution were determined by quantifying immunoreactive exosomal CD63 and placenta-specific marker (PLAP), respectively. The effect of exosomes isolated from FT, ST and TT on endothelial cell migration were established using a real-time, live-cell imaging system (Incucyte). Exosome plasma concentration was more than 50-fold greater in pregnant women than in non-pregnant women (p<0.001). During normal healthy pregnancy, the number of exosomes present in maternal plasma increased significantly with gestational age by more that two-fold (p<0.001). Exosomes isolated from FT, ST and TT increased endothelial cell migration by 1.9±0.1, 1.6±0.2 and 1.3±0.1-fold, respectively compared to the control. Pregnancy is associated with a dramatic increase in the number of exosomes present in plasma and maternal plasma exosomes are bioactive. While the role of placental cell-derived exosome in regulating maternal and/or fetal vascular responses remains to be elucidated, changes in exosome profile may be of clinical utility in the diagnosis of placental dysfunction. PMID:24905832

Salomon, Carlos; Torres, Maria Jose; Kobayashi, Miharu; Scholz-Romero, Katherin; Sobrevia, Luis; Dobierzewska, Aneta; Illanes, Sebastian E; Mitchell, Murray D; Rice, Gregory E

2014-01-01

61

Gestational regulation of granulocyte-colony stimulating factor receptor expression in the human placenta.  

PubMed

A number of cytokines and their receptors are abundantly expressed at the materno-fetal interface and are thought to have a function in the regulation of placentation. Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) is expressed by stromal cells in both placental tissue and maternal decidua throughout placentation. In this study, we examined the expression of placental G-CSF receptor (G-CSFR) mRNA and protein throughout gestation by ribonuclease protection assays, Western blotting, and immunohistochemistry. The major placental form of G-CSFR mRNA, corresponding to a membrane-bound form of the protein, was present in first-trimester placental tissues; levels decreased in second- and were highest in third-trimester placental tissues. Two placental G-CSFR molecules, 120 kDa and 150 kDa, were detected in first- and third-, but not second-, trimester tissues. The level of the 150-kDa G-CSFR was greater in the third- than in first-trimester samples. These differences were irrespective of whether or not the patients had received prostaglandin E1 analogues, prostaglandin E1 analogues and oxytocin, oxytocin alone, or mifepristone before labor. We demonstrated by immunohistochemistry that interstitial cytotrophoblast in first- and second-trimester decidual tissue and cytotrophoblast in term fetal membranes express G-CSFR. These data demonstrate that the expression of specific forms of placental G-CSFR is strictly cell type- and developmental stage-specific, and they suggest that G-CSFR may be important in decidual invasion of cytotrophoblast and in trophoblast function during placentation. PMID:10084950

McCracken, S A; Grant, K E; MacKenzie, I Z; Redman, C W; Mardon, H J

1999-04-01

62

The interleukin 1 (IL-1) system in the uteroplacental complex of a cartilaginous fish, the smoothhound shark, Mustelus canis  

PubMed Central

Cartilaginous fish are the oldest extant jawed vertebrates and the oldest line to have placentae. Their pivotal evolutionary position makes them attractive models to investigate the mechanisms involved in the maternal-fetal interaction. This study describes the tissue expression of the cytokine interlukin-1 (IL-1) ?, IL-1 ? and its specific membrane receptor, IL-1 receptor type I (IL-1R tI) in a placental cartilaginous fish, the smoothhound shark, Mustelus canis. The presence of this cytokine has been reported in many mammalian placentae, as well as in the placenta of a squamate reptile and this study extends these observations to the cartilaginous fishes. The uteroplacental complex in M. canis consists of a yolk sac modified into a functional yolk sac placenta and complimentary uterine attachment sites. Immunohistochemistry for IL-1 ?, IL-1 ? and the receptor reveals leucocytes of both the mother and fetus to be positive, as well as the apical aspect of paraplacental cells and the apical vesicles in the umbilical cord epithelium. Yolk sac endoderm is also positive with all the stains while the ectoderm is positive only for IL-1 ?. Immunoreactivity in the uterine epithelium was obtained for IL-1 ? and the receptor. The egg envelope is always negative. In light of the recent finding of IL-1 ? gene in a cartilaginous fish and of the high level of conservation of proteins implicated in IL-1 action, our data suggest that IL-1 system is a key mediator of the materno-fetal interaction since the oldest extant placental vertebrates. PMID:12646051

Cateni, Chiara; Paulesu, Luana; Bigliardi, Elisa; Hamlett, William C

2003-01-01

63

Burden and causes of foodborne disease in Australia: Annual report of the OzFoodNet network, 2005.  

PubMed

In 2005, OzFoodNet sites recorded 25,779 notifications of seven potentially foodborne diseases, which was 12.5 per cent higher than the mean for the previous five years. Diseases with significant increases in 2005, when compared to historical reports include: Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli, shigellosis, haemolytic uraemic syndrome, salmonellosis and campylobacteriosis. The most significant increases were those due to Salmonella (13.1%) and Campylobacter (5.1%) because of the frequency of these infections. Reports of listeriosis were lower than previous years and there were only four materno-foetal infections compared to seven in 2004. Sites reported 624 outbreaks of gastroenteritis and foodborne disease in 2005. One hundred and two of these were foodborne and affected 1,926 persons, hospitalised 187 and caused four deaths. Among foodborne outbreaks, Salmonella Typhimurium was the most common pathogen and restaurants were the most common place where food implicated in outbreaks was prepared. Outbreaks associated with fish, poultry meat, and mixed meat dishes were common. There were several large outbreaks of salmonellosis, including one associated with dips at a Turkish restaurant, one with alfalfa sprouts, and two due to egg-based dishes. In addition, there were several multi-state investigations of Salmonella infection during 2005, including one large outbreak of S. Typhimurium 135 implicating poultry meat from retail supermarkets. Sites identified a source of infection for 39 per cent (41/104) of investigations into clusters of salmonellosis. Overall, 97.4 per cent of Salmonella notifications on state and territory surveillance databases recorded complete information about serotype and phage type. This report highlights the considerable burden of disease from food sources in Australia and the need to continue to improve food safety. PMID:17120483

2006-01-01

64

Adaptations in placental phenotype support fetal growth during undernutrition of pregnant mice  

PubMed Central

Undernutrition during pregnancy reduces birth weight and programmes adult phenotype with consequences for life expectancy, but its effects on the phenotype of the placenta, responsible for supplying nutrients for fetal growth, remain largely unknown. Using molecular, morphological and functional analyses, placental phenotype was examined in mice during restriction of dietary intake to 80% of control from day 3 of pregnancy. At day 16, undernutrition reduced placental, but not fetal, weight in association with decreased junctional zone volume and placental expression of glucose transporter Slc2a1. At day 19, both placental and fetal weights were reduced in undernourished mice (91% and 87% of control, respectively, P < 0.01), as were the volume and surface area of the labyrinthine zone responsible for placental nutrient transfer (85% and 86%, respectively, P < 0.03). However, unidirectional materno-fetal clearance of tracer glucose was maintained and methyl-aminoisobutyric acid increased 166% (P < 0.005) per gram of undernourished placenta, relative to controls. This was associated with an 18% and 27% increased placental expression of glucose and system A amino acid transporters Slc2a1 and Slc38a2, respectively, at day 19 (P < 0.04). At both ages, undernutrition decreased expression of the placental specific transcript of the Igf2 gene by 35% (P < 0.01), although methylation of its promoter was unaffected. The placenta, therefore, adapts to help maintain fetal growth when its own growth is compromised by maternal undernutrition. Consequently, placental phenotype is responsive to environmental conditions and may help predict the risk of adult disease programmed in utero. PMID:19948659

Coan, P M; Vaughan, O R; Sekita, Y; Finn, S L; Burton, G J; Constancia, M; Fowden, A L

2010-01-01

65

Expression of the prostaglandin F synthase AKR1B1 and the prostaglandin transporter SLCO2A1 in human fetal membranes in relation to spontaneous term and preterm labor  

PubMed Central

Background: Human labor is a complex series of cellular and molecular events that occur at the materno-fetal and uterine levels. Many hypotheses have been proposed for the initiation of human labor, one hypothesis suggests that maturation of the fetus releases a signal in the amniotic fluid that will be transmitted to myometrium via the fetal membranes and initiate uterine contractions. There is strong evidence that prostaglandins (PGs) play a central role in initiation and progression of human labor. Objectives: In this study we intended to investigate the expression of prostaglandin F synthase and the prostaglandin transporter in the human fetal membranes and to explore the relationship between cytokines and PGs in the mechanism of human labor. Methods: We used fetal membranes obtained before labor at term and after spontaneous labor at term or preterm to identify the changes in prostaglandin F synthase (AKR1B1) and human prostaglandin transporter (SLCO2A1) proteins in relation to parturition. Using fetal membranes explants we tested the effect of cytokines (interleukin-1 and tumor necrosis factor alpha) on PG production and the concomitant changes in cyclooxygenase-2 (PTGS2), AKR1B1 and SLCO2A1 expression. Results: Expression of PTGS2 and AKR1B1 was upregulated in the fetal membranes in association with term labor while SLCO2A1 was downregulated with advancing gestation and during term labor. Before labor, IL-1 increased the expression of PTGS2, however during labor TNF upregulated PTGS2 and AKR1B1 proteins. Conclusions: The prostaglandin F synthase AKR1B1 is upregulated while prostaglandin transporter is downregulated during term labor. The amnion is more responsive than choriodecidua to stimulation with pro-inflammatory cytokines. The mechanisms of term and preterm labor are different. PMID:25126080

Alzamil, Hana A.; Pawade, Joya; Fortier, Michel A.; Bernal, A. López

2014-01-01

66

Developmental abnormalities in mouse embryos lacking the HDL receptor SR-BI.  

PubMed

The srbi gene encodes a lipoprotein receptor with high affinity for high density lipoprotein that is mainly expressed in the liver and in steroidogenic tissues. Disruption of this gene in mice and mutations in humans lead to alterations in lipoprotein metabolism and/or fertility. During murine development, scavenger receptor class B member I (SR-BI) is present in the yolk sac and the placenta and is only expressed in the embryo itself late in gestation. In humans, it has been detected in trophoblast cells and placenta. Although the proportion of mice carrying a null mutation in SR-BI obtained from heterozygous intercrosses is lower than the expected by the Mendelian ratio, suggesting the involvement of this receptor in intrauterine development, the cause of this demise has remained unknown. In this work, we show that embryos lacking SR-BI exhibit a high prevalence of exencephaly with a sex bias toward females. Immunolocalization studies confirmed that SR-BI is not expressed in the embryo at early stages of development and allowed a more detailed description of its localization in the cells that mediate maternal-fetal transport of nutrients. SR-BI-null embryos contain less cholesterol than their wild-type littermates, suggesting the involvement of SR-BI in materno-fetal cholesterol transport. Newborn SR-BI-deficient pups exhibit intrauterine growth restriction, suggesting that this receptor is also important for fetal growth. Altogether, the results of our work suggest that the presence of SR-BI in extraembryonic tissues is involved in the maternal-fetal transport of cholesterol and/or other lipids with a role during neural tube closure and fetal growth. PMID:23221804

Santander, Nicolás Guillermo; Contreras-Duarte, Susana; Awad, María Fernanda; Lizama, Carlos; Passalacqua, Isabella; Rigotti, Attilio; Busso, Dolores

2013-03-15

67

DUCHAS VAGINALES Y OTROS RIESGOS DE VAGINOSIS BACTERIANA  

PubMed Central

Vaginosis bacteriana (VB) es una infección caracterizada por el cambio en la microflora de la vagina, asociándose a resultados adversos del embarazo y a la adquisición de infecciones de transmisión sexual (ITS), incluyendo el VIH. En este estudio se buscó la asociación entre el uso de duchas vaginales y otros factores de riesgos con VB. Se usó un diseño observacional descriptivo transversal prospectivo, en 1,252 mujeres que asistieron al servicio de planificación familiar de tres hospitales nacionales (Dos de Mayo, Arzobispo Loayza, San Bartolomé) y el Instituto Materno Perinatal, durante el año 1997. Se utilizó un cuestionario estructurado donde se registraron variables socio demográficas y características del estilo de vida de las participantes. VB fue diagnosticada mediante el puntaje de Nugent. Se empleó análisis de regresión logística para calcular odds ratio (OR) e intervalos de confianza al 95%. La edad promedio de las participantes fue 25.1 ± 4,7 años, el 23.4% tenían más de 11 años de educación. La prevalencía de VB fue 20,1%. Las mujeres que practicaban duchas vaginales tuvieron 2.28 veces (OR = 2.28, IC 95% [1.0–5.0]) mayor probabilidad de tener VB comparado con aquellas que no lo practicaban. Tener dos o más parejas sexuales estuvo asociado con 2.0 veces (OR =2.0, IC 95% [1.2–3.5]) mayor probabilidad de adquirir VB comparado con aquellas que habían tenido solo una pareja sexual. Las participantes que iniciaron una relación sexual a una edad temprana tuvieron 1.4 veces (OR=1.4, IC 95% [1.0 –1.9]) mayor probabilidad de adquirir VB. El uso de duchas vaginales es un factor de riesgo de VB. Los programas destinados a la salud de la mujer deben abordar las repercusiones perjudiciales para la salud asociados con las duchas vaginales. PMID:21132048

Chavez, Natividad; Molina, Helfer; Sanchez, Jorge; Gelaye, Bizu; Sanchez, Sixto E.

2010-01-01

68

Aspects ?pid?miologiques, pronostiques et th?rapeutiques de l'h?matome retro placentaire (HRP) dans une maternit? de r?f?rence en zone rurale  

PubMed Central

Introduction IL s'agira ici d’ identifier les particularités diagnostiques et la prise en charge de l'HRP au Centre Hospitalier de Ndioum au Sénégal. Méthodes Etude rétrospective descriptive menée à l'hôpital régional de Ndioum, durant la période allant du 1er Janvier 2009 au 31 Décembre 2011. Toutes les patientes qui avaient présenté un HRP étaient incluses. Pour chaque patiente, nous avions étudié les paramètres socio-démographiques et cliniques, les données thérapeutiques et le pronostic materno-foetal. Résultats La fréquence était de 6,05%. L’âge moyen de nos patientes était compris entre 29 et 84 ans et la parité moyenne de 4,92. Aucune consultation prénatale n’était effectuée chez 16% des patientes. Les évacuations représentaient 66% de cas. L’âge gestationnel moyen était de 36 semaines d'aménorrhées et la majorité des patientes (86%) était en travail. La gravite du tableau clinique était appréciée selon la classification de Sher avec 63% (114 cas) au grade 3. Une coagulopathie était observée chez 27,2% des patientes. Nous avions retrouvé une relation statistiquement significative entre la gravite du tableau clinique et le pronostic maternel (p = 0,026) et foetal (p = 0,0000). Une direction du travail était effectuée chez 109 patientes (60% des cas). L'expulsion foetale était obtenue par voie basse dans 49% des cas et une césarienne était effectuée dans 51% des cas. La morbidité maternelle était dominée par l'anémie secondaire à une hémorragie aigue dans 17,8% des cas et à l'insuffisance rénale aigue dans 6,1% des cas. Les éléments de mauvais pronostic étaient représentés par la gravité du tableau clinique (p = 0,03) et le mode d'admission dominé par les évacuations (p = 0,01), la relation était statistiquement significative. La voie d'accouchement n’était pas retrouvée comme élément de mauvais pronostic (p = 0,09). Nous avions noté douze cas de décès maternels soit 6,6% des patientes. Conclusion La prévention de la mortalité maternelle et foetale liée à cette affection passe par une amélioration du suivi prénatal, une meilleure organisation du plan d'accouchement et une amélioration des conditions d’évacuation. La mise en place d'une banque de sang fonctionnel, d'une unité réanimation médicale ainsi qu'un service de prise en charge néonatale devient une nécessité pour améliorer le pronostic maternel et néonatal. PMID:24932322

Thiam, Ousmane; Mbaye, Magatte; Diouf, Abdou Aziz; Toure, Fode Baba; Gueye, Mamour; Niang, Mansour; Cisse, Mamadou Lamine; Dieye, Sidy; Moreau, Jean Charles

2014-01-01

69

Foodborne disease investigation across Australia: annual report of the OzFoodNet network, 2003.  

PubMed

In 2003, OzFoodNet conducted enhanced surveillance of foodborne diseases across Australia, which covered all states and territories. During 2003, there were 23,250 notifications of eight potentially foodborne diseases, of which 67 per cent and 30 per cent were due to Campylobacter and Salmonella infections respectively. The most common Salmonella serotype was Typhimurium, as in previous years. Most S. Enteritidis were acquired overseas, except for Queensland where 52 per cent of infections were acquired locally. Locally acquired S. Enteritidis infections in Australia were predominantly due to phage type 26. The most common serotype of Shiga toxin producing E. coli was O157, although for 49 per cent of notified infections serotype was unknown due to the use of polymerase chain reaction based screening tests. There were 12 materno-foetal listeriosis infections in 2003, which was an increase compared to recent years. During 2003, there were 444 outbreaks of gastroenteritis and foodborne disease recorded. Ninety-nine of these were of foodborne origin affecting 1,686 persons, hospitalising 105 and causing six deaths. A wide range of agents and foods caused these outbreaks, with Salmonella Typhimurium being the most common pathogen. Outbreaks associated with fish and seafood dishes, poultry meat, and Asian style and imported foods were common. Four outbreaks with international implications were reported: an outbreak of Salmonella in Montevideo involving contaminated tahini from the Middle East and three outbreaks of norovirus infection associated with imported Japanese oysters. Outbreak data indicated a need to monitor food safety in aged care settings, restaurants and catering. Eighty-nine investigations into clusters of gastrointestinal illness where a source could not be identified were conducted, including multi-state outbreaks of salmonellosis. One multistate investigation of antibiotic resistant Salmonella Paratyphi b Java identified 18 cases who had recent exposure to tropical fish aquariums. Ninety-seven per cent of Salmonella notifications on state and territory surveillance databases have complete information on serotype and phage type. In 2003, OzFoodNet demonstrated the benefits of national collaboration to control food borne disease. PMID:15574061

2004-01-01

70

ART management in children perinatally infected with HIV from mothers who experience behavioural changes in Romania  

PubMed Central

Introduction During the recent years the rate of HIV perinatally exposed children in Romania has increased as a consequence of the expanding number of HIV-infected women. These women belong to Romania's long-terms survivors, aged between 20 and 24 years and to the group of new HIV infection cases (20–24 years), acquired through unsafe sexual contact and use of new psychoactive substance (IV). Materials and Methods We focused on 396 HIV perinatally exposed children born between 2008 and 2013, under surveillance in National Institute for Infectious Diseases “Prof. Dr. Matei Bals,” Bucharest. Of them, 43 acquired HIV through materno-foetal transmission. Our aim was to observe the characteristics in their evolution under antiretroviral treatment and to emphasize the causes of treatment failure. Children with perinatally acquired HIV infection were followed in a retrospective case series. We assessed maternal characteristics, HIV vertical transmission prophylaxis, timing of diagnosis, immunological and virologic status and features of the evolution under combined antiretroviral therapy (cART). Results The rate of mother-to-child HIV transmission was 10.8% versus the national rate registered in 2013, namely <5%. 16% of mothers belonged to the Romanian 1990s cohort and 84% were recently infected with HIV, through unprotected sexual contact (70%) or use of new psychoactive substances (14%). 51% of mothers were diagnosed postnatally as a consequence of their reluctance to access specific health services and in 57% CD4 value was <350 cell/mm. 41% of the monitored children were diagnosed with HIV infection at birth. Their median entry CD4 value was 23% and 49% had a CD4 >25%; median entry viral load was 7 log. 16 patients (37%) had undetectable viral load after six months of treatment. In 87.5% of them the virologic suppression was achieved and maintained with one single regimen (2 NRTIs+1 NNRTI or 2 NRTIs+1 PI/r). 15 children (35%) did not achieve suppression of viral load. 19 children (44%) faced special issues related to adherence to antiretroviral treatment, due to mothers’ poor adherence to a basic set of cares destined for their children. Conclusions Prevention programmes in Romania must be designed on the basis of the new economic context and emerging psychoactive substance use. Hence, women who use drugs should benefit from a wider access to medical and social services.

Mardarescu, Mariana; Cibea, Alina; Petre, Cristina; Neagu-Draghicenoiu, Ruxandra; Ungurianu, Rodica; Petrea, Sorin; Maria Tudor, Ana; Vlad, Delia; Matei, Carina; Alexandra, Mardarescu

2014-01-01

71

Association Between Intimate Partner Violence, Migraine and Probable Migraine  

PubMed Central

Objective Intimate partner violence (IPV) among women is a global public health problem. The association between childhood maltreatment and migraine is well established, but not the association between IPV and migraine. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the relationship between type and severity of IPV and migraine in a large cohort of Peruvian women. Methods Women who delivered singleton infants (N=2,066) at the Instituto Nacional Materno Perinatal, Lima, Peru were interviewed during their post-partum hospital stay. Participants were queried about their lifetime experiences with headaches and migraine, and with physical and sexual violence. The International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD-2) diagnostic criteria were used to classify participants according to their migraine status. Questions on physical and sexual violence were adapted from the protocol of Demographic Health Survey Questionnaires and Modules: Domestic Violence Module and the World Health Organization (WHO) Multi-Country Study on Violence against Women. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the nine-item Patient Health Questionnaire Depression Subset. Logistic regression was used to estimate multivariate adjusted odds ratios (aOR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results Compared with women without a history of violence, women with experiences of lifetime physical or sexual violence (aOR=1.44, 95% CI 1.19–1.75), physical violence only (aOR=1.36, 95% CI 1.10–1.68), sexual violence only (aOR=1.76, 95% CI 0.97–3.21) and both physical and sexual violence (aOR=1.61, 95% CI 1.12–2.31) had increased odds of any migraine after adjusting for maternal age, parity and access to basic foods. There was no gradient of increased odds of any migraine with severity of physical violence. The relationship between IPV and any migraine was strongest among women with depressive symptoms. The odds of any migraine was increased 2.25-fold (95% CI 1.75–2.28) among abused women who also had depressive symptoms compared with non-abused and non-depressed women. Associations from sensitivity analyses that segregated women according to probable migraine (ICHD-2 category 1.6.1) and migraine (ICHD-2 category 1.1) diagnoses were of similar magnitudes as those reported here for women with any migraine diagnoses. IPV, particularly sexual violence, appears to be a risk factor for migraine. Conclusion Our findings suggest the potential importance of considering a history of violence among migraineurs. PMID:20946432

Cripe, Swee May; Sanchez, Sixto E.; Gelaye, Bizu; Sanchez, Elena; Williams, Michelle A.

2013-01-01

72

Tumores neonatales y malformaciones cong?nitas  

PubMed Central

Introducción La asociación entre tumores y malformaciones congénitas está bien establecida, pero no existen datos exclusivos en el período neonatal y se desconocen los mecanismos subyacentes que generan dicha relación. Objetivos Este trabajo tiene dos objetivos: primero, analizar la frecuencia de los tumores neonatales asociados a malformaciones congénitas, y segundo, comentar las posibles hipótesis etiopatogénicas de la relación entre ambas entidades. Materiales y método Estudio retrospectivo de las historias clínicas de los tumores neonatales, en el Hospital Universitario Materno- Infantil La Fe de Valencia, desde enero de 1990 hasta diciembre de 1999. Selección y descripción de las variedades histológicas asociadas a malformaciones congénitas. Éstas se han agrupado siguiendo los criterios de la Clasificación Internacional de Enfermedades CIE-9, códigos 740.0–759.9. Revisión sistemática bibliográfica de los últimos 25 años, obtenida del Medline, Cancerlit, Index Citation Science y Embase. El perfil de búsqueda utilizado fue la combinación de “neonatal/congenital-tumors/cancer/neoplasms” y “congenital malformations/birth defects”. Resultados Se identificaron 72 tumores neonatales (2,8 % del total de tumores pediátricos diagnosticados en dichos años) y 15 de ellos (20,8 %) asociados a malformaciones congénitas, enfermedades o síndromes congénitos. Las asociaciones entre tumores neonatales y malformaciones congénitas fueron las siguientes: a) angioma en 3 pacientes: con dos cardiopatías congénitas y una atresia de coanas-laringomalacia; b) neuroblastoma en 2 pacientes: uno con riñón en herradura y anomalías vertebrales, y otro con cardiopatía congénita; c) teratoma en 2 pacientes: uno con fisura palatina y anomalías vertebrales, y otro con metatarso varo; d) tumor del sistema nervioso central en un paciente con hernia de Bochdaleck; e) tumor cardíaco en 4 pacientes con esclerosis tuberosa; f) leucemia aguda en un paciente con síndrome de Down y cardiopatía congénita; g) tumor renal en un caso con hidrocefalia triventricular, y h) tumor adrenal en un caso con hemihipertrofia. En la bibliografía específica, las publicaciones engloban tumores de diferentes épocas pediátricas y sin unanimidad de criterios para clasificar las malformaciones congénitas. Apenas existen datos en el período neonatal y la asociación entre ambas entidades se obtiene de registros de instituciones médicas. La prevalencia oscila entre el 15 y el 31,6 %. Las hipótesis etiopatogénicas que explican la asociación entre tumores neonatales y malformaciones congénitas están basadas en las exposiciones prenatales (preconcepcionales y transplacentarias) a factores de riesgo potencialmente mutagénicos y carcinogénicos. Conclusiones Probablemente, los tumores neonatales se asocian con mayor frecuencia a malformaciones congénitas que los tumores diagnosticados en épocas posteriores de la vida. Para conocer la prevalencia real de la asociación entre tumores neonatales y malformaciones congénitas, es necesario unificar los criterios de inclusión y definición de ambas entidades. La obtención de una minuciosa historia medioambiental en todos los tumores neonatales asociados a malformaciones congénitas, donde se detallen y registren todos los factores de riesgo constitucionales y ambientales, es fundamental para mejorar nuestros escasos conocimientos de los mecanismos prenatales subyacentes y avanzar en su prevención. PMID:18559198

Tornero, O. Berbel; Garcia, J.A. Ortega; Tortajada, J. Ferris i; Castell, J. Garcia; Colomer, J. Donat i; Soldin, O.P.; Soler, J.L. Fuster

2013-01-01