Science.gov

Sample records for library automation

  1. Library Automation Style Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaylord Bros., Liverpool, NY.

    This library automation style guide lists specific terms and names often used in the library automation industry. The terms and/or acronyms are listed alphabetically and each is followed by a brief definition. The guide refers to the "Chicago Manual of Style" for general rules, and a notes section is included for the convenience of individual…

  2. Automation in Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Canadian Library Association, Ottawa (Ontario).

    The fourth Canadian Association of College and University Libraries (CACUL) Conference on Library Automation was held in Hamilton, June 20-21, 1970, as a pre-conference workshop of the Canadian Library Association (CLA). The purpose of the conference was to present papers on current projects and to discuss the continuing need for this type of…

  3. Library Automation and Library Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drabenstott, Jon, Ed.

    1987-01-01

    Several consultants address the issue of competencies required of professional librarians for the effective management of the automation process. Highlights include formal and professional ongoing education and the need for technical training and problem solving skills to enable librarians to evaluate and develop library systems effectively.…

  4. Automating Small Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swan, James

    1996-01-01

    Presents a four-phase plan for small libraries strategizing for automation: inventory and weeding, data conversion, implementation, and enhancements. Other topics include selecting a system, MARC records, compatibility, ease of use, industry standards, searching capabilities, support services, system security, screen displays, circulation modules,…

  5. The Library Administrator's Automation Handbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boss, Richard W.

    One of the most significant decisions in a library administrator's career is the decision to automate one or more of a library's operations. This book describes the present state of local library automation; the planning, selection, and implementation process; and the library administrator's role in the process. The bulk of the text provides a…

  6. Opening up Library Automation Software

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Breeding, Marshall

    2009-01-01

    Throughout the history of library automation, the author has seen a steady advancement toward more open systems. In the early days of library automation, when proprietary systems dominated, the need for standards was paramount since other means of inter-operability and data exchange weren't possible. Today's focus on Application Programming…

  7. Library Automation: Guidelines to Costing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ford, Geoffrey

    As with all new programs, the costs associated with library automation must be carefully considered before implementation. This document suggests guidelines to be followed and areas to be considered in the costing of library procedures. An existing system model has been suggested as a standard (Appendix A) and a classification of library tasks…

  8. Maintenance of Automated Library Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Epstein, Susan Baerg

    1983-01-01

    Discussion of the maintenance of both the software and hardware in an automated library system highlights maintenance by the vendor, contracts and costs, the maintenance log, downtime, and planning for trouble. (EJS)

  9. Automation's Effect on Library Personnel.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dakshinamurti, Ganga

    1985-01-01

    Reports on survey studying the human-machine interface in Canadian university, public, and special libraries. Highlights include position category and educational background of 118 participants, participants' feelings toward automation, physical effects of automation, diffusion in decision making, interpersonal communication, future trends,…

  10. Libraries and Automation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Markuson, Barbara Evans, Ed.

    The arrangement of this publication follows, as nearly as possible, the actual conference program. The seven sections represent the topics selected by the planning committee as areas of concentration. Each section includes a state-of-the-art paper and related talks and discussion. The topics covered are: the library of the future, file…

  11. Library Automation in the Netherlands and Pica.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bossers, Anton; Van Muyen, Martin

    1984-01-01

    Describes the Pica Library Automation Network (originally the Project for Integrated Catalogue Automation), which is based on a centralized bibliographic database. Highlights include the Pica conception of library automation, online shared cataloging system, circulation control system, acquisition system, and online Dutch union catalog with…

  12. Automated Library Systems in ARL Libraries. SPEC Kit 126.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hirshon, Arnold

    Based on telephone interviews with 12 Association of Research Libraries (ARL) member libraries, this report presents the underlying reasons for the libraries' decisions relating to the design and implementation of automated library systems. The survey results are summarized, a list of respondents is provided, and profiles of present and planned…

  13. Assessing Library Automation and Virtual Library Development in Four Academic Libraries in Oyo, Oyo State, Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gbadamosi, Belau Olatunde

    2011-01-01

    The paper examines the level of library automation and virtual library development in four academic libraries. A validated questionnaire was used to capture the responses from academic librarians of the libraries under study. The paper discovers that none of the four academic libraries is fully automated. The libraries make use of librarians with…

  14. Library Automation: A Measure of Attitude.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Molholt, Pat A.

    Findings of the study described in this report indicate that the attitudes of library school students toward library automation were not changed significantly by a semester of relevant coursework. It has been hypothesized that these students would have a somewhat negative attitude toward automation, but that through relevant course instruction…

  15. What's New in the Library Automation Arena?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Breeding, Marshall

    1998-01-01

    Reviews trends in library automation based on vendors at the 1998 American Library Association Annual Conference. Discusses the major industry trend, a move from host-based computer systems to the new generation of client/server, object-oriented, open systems-based automation. Includes a summary of developments for 26 vendors. (LRW)

  16. After the Installation: Management of Library Automation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christensen, John O.

    After noting that library processes are continually becoming more automated and that services are being introduced at an ever-increasing rate, this paper goes on to describe the composition and functions of Brigham Young University's Integrated Library System (ILS) Committee, which was established by the library administration to advise it on…

  17. Library Automation: Today's Successes and Concerns.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cibbarelli, Pamela

    1999-01-01

    Discusses the state of library automation and the benefits and dilemmas of available operating systems. Presents an overview of six vendors selling online library systems (Ameritech, Endeavor, Data Research Associates, Sirsi, Innovative Interfaces, and Ex Libris). Provides sales figures based on the "Library Journal" articles published during the…

  18. Library Automation: A "First Course" Teaching Syllabus.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dyson, Sam A.

    This syllabus for a basic course in library automation is designed for advanced library students and practicing librarians. It is intended not to make librarians and students qualified programmers, but to give them enough background information for intelligent discussion of library problems with computer personnel. It may also stimulate the…

  19. The Impact of Office Automation on Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Landau, Robert M.

    1981-01-01

    Discusses the feasibility of integrating present library office functions through the use of voice, text, digital, micrographic, facsimile, and related information technologies, and describes the processes and component features of the automated office. (Author/FM)

  20. Working toward Transparency in Library Automation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Breeding, Marshall

    2007-01-01

    In this article, the author argues the need for transparency with regard to the automation systems used in libraries. As librarians make decisions regarding automation software and services, they should have convenient access to information about the organizations it will potentially acquire technology from and about the collective experiences of…

  1. The Automation Inventory of Research Libraries, 1986.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sitts, Maxine K., Ed.

    Based on information and data from 113 Association of Research Libraries (ARL) members that were gathered and updated between March and August 1986, this publication was generated from a database developed by ARL to provide timely, comparable information about the extent and nature of automation within the ARL community. Trends in automation are…

  2. Pricing Structures for Automated Library Consortia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Machovec, George S.

    1993-01-01

    Discusses the development of successful pricing algorithms for cooperative library automation projects. Highlights include desirable characteristics of pricing measures, including simplicity and the ability to allow for system growth; problems with transaction-based systems; and a review of the pricing strategies of seven library consortia.…

  3. Cleveland State University Libraries Automation Planning Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lupone, George

    This report reviews the eight-month process of planning for library automation undertaken by the Cleveland State University libraries late in 1984. Following an overview of the planning process, a listing of goals is presented, and six documents developed as a result of the process are provided. "Review of Current Systems" includes descriptions,…

  4. Automating School Library Catalogs: A Reader.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murphy, Catherine, Ed.

    This collection of 23 articles compiled from school library journals address the special needs that make automation problematic for school libraries. The articles are divided into five sections: an overview of OPAC (Online Public Access Catalog) development (4 titles); evaluating OPAC systems (4 titles); implementing OPAC systems (6 titles);…

  5. Measuring Performance with Library Automated Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    OFarrell, John P.

    2000-01-01

    Investigates the capability of three library automated systems to generate some of the datasets necessary to form the ISO (International Standards Organization) standard on performance measurement within libraries, based on research in Liverpool John Moores University (United Kingdom). Concludes that the systems are weak in generating the…

  6. Library Automation in the Small College Environment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Worland, Peter B.; Nye, James H.

    The Folke Bernadotte Memorial Library contains 200,000 volumes and 900 serial subscriptions and operates with an annual budget as of 1974-75 of $235,000. It serves 2000 undergraduates in a 4 year liberal arts college. Library automation is used in the following areas: (1) bibliographic compilations; (2) cataloging of books, octavo choral…

  7. Library Automation: A Survey of Leading Academic and Public Libraries in the United States.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mann, Thomas W., Jr.; And Others

    Results of this survey of 26 public and academic libraries of national stature show that the country's major libraries are fully committed to automating their library operations. Major findings of the survey show that: (1) all libraries surveyed are involved in automation; (2) all libraries surveyed have automated their catalogs and bibliographic…

  8. Truth in Automating: Case Studies in Library Automation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drabenstott, Jon; And Others

    1989-01-01

    Contributors from five libraries--Bentley College, Boston University, the College of Charleston, the University of Wisconsin at Eau Claire, and the Resource Sharing Alliance of West Central Illinois--describe their automation projects, including staff impact; costs and funding; time and schedules; users; computer support; vendors; and consultants.…

  9. Packet Radio for Library Automation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brownrigg, Edwin B.; And Others

    1984-01-01

    This tutorial on packet radio (communication system using radio and digital packet-switching technology) highlights radio transmission of data, brief history, special considerations in applying packet radio to library online catalogs, technology, defining protocol at physical and network levels, security, geographic coverage, and components. (A…

  10. Library Automation and Facility Planning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohen, Aaron; Cohen, Elaine

    This seminar and workbook are designed to aid librarians in planning and designing attractive and efficient libraries in light of the changing technologies of the 1980s. It is based on the premise that the electronic revolution of the 1980s will cause substantial changes in the work force, work processes, and the nature of physical layouts of…

  11. Management Information Gleaned from Automated Library Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hawks, Carol Pitts

    1988-01-01

    Discussion of the need for automated library systems to provide management information to aid in decision making focuses on the automatic generation of reports. Examples of management information generated in collection development, acquisitions and serials, cataloging, online catalogs and circulation are described as well as possible uses of this…

  12. Design of Inhouse Automated Library Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cortez, Edwin M.

    1984-01-01

    Examines six steps inherent to development of in-house automated library system: (1) problem definition, (2) requirement specifications, (3) analysis of alternatives and solutions, (4, 5) design and implementation of hardware and software, and (6) evaluation. Practical method for comparing and weighting options is illustrated and explained. A…

  13. Linking Automated Systems in North Bay Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bruman, Janet

    This report addresses alternative means of interconnecting or providing access to the various automated systems within the 17-member North Bay Cooperative Library System (NBC), with emphasis on providing information on the availability of materials for loan, the principal objective of the NBC Telecommunications Project, Year Two. Advantages and…

  14. The Future of Library Automation in Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Elaine

    2000-01-01

    Addresses the future of library automation programs for schools. Discusses requirements of emerging OPACs and circulation systems; the Schools Interoperability Framework (SIF), an industry initiatives to develop an open specification for ensuring that K-12 instructional and administrative software applications work together more effectively; home…

  15. The Human Side of Library Automation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morris, Anne; Barnacle, Stephen

    1989-01-01

    Discusses the importance of recognizing the human component in library automation systems to ensure the smooth and efficient operation of the system. Human factors considerations are discussed in terms of health and safety aspects, ergonomics, workplace design, and job organization. (41 references) (CLB)

  16. Library Automation in the People's Republic of China.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maier, John H.

    1986-01-01

    This article is the result of author's visit to more than 16 of China's top university libraries, various Academy of Sciences libraries, and National Peking Library during 1984-85 academic year. Topics covered include hardware inventory, software applications development, Chinese ideograph automation, China's library classification system, and…

  17. Automation of Oklahoma School Library Media Centers: Automation at the Local Level.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oklahoma State Dept. of Education, Oklahoma City. Library and Learning Resources Section.

    This document outlines a workshop for media specialists--"School Library Automation: Solving the Puzzle"--that is designed to reduce automation anxiety and give a broad overview of the concerns confronting school library media centers planning for or involved in automation. Issues are addressed under the following headings: (1) Levels of School…

  18. Selecting and Planning for an Automated Library System: Guidelines for Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Piccininni, James

    Guidelines are given for automating a library. Issues arising in automation are illustrated through the experience of the Doherty Library of the University of St. Thomas, Houston (Texas). The first step is to decide what type of system is right for the needs of the library and its patrons. In considering vendors of systems, it is important to…

  19. Library Automation, Networking, and Other Online and New Technology Costs in Academic Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pastine, Maureen; Kacena, Carolyn

    1994-01-01

    Presents budgeting requirements that are needed to meet the electronic library needs in small- and medium-sized academic libraries based on library automation activities at Southern Methodist University (Texas) and a review of the literature. Highlights include cooperative ventures; fund raising; personnel needs; benefits of automation; strategic…

  20. Strategies for Working with Library Staff Members in Embracing Change Caused by Library Automation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shepherd, Murray

    This paper begins with a discussion of information management as it pertains to the four operations of automated library systems (i.e., acquisitions, cataloging, circulation, and reference). Library staff reactions to library automation change are summarized, including uncertainty, cynicism, and resignation or hope. Common pitfalls that interfere…

  1. Automation of University Libraries in Kerala: Status, Problems and Prospects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Suku, J.; Pillai, Mini G.

    2005-01-01

    This paper discusses the present scenario of automation activities of university libraries in Kerala. The survey findings mainly cover various aspects of library automation such as information technology infrastructure, in-house activities, information services and their usage, manpower development, and budget. The paper briefly describes the role…

  2. Fundamentals of Library Automation and Technology. Participant Workbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bridge, Frank; Walton, Robert

    This workbook presents outlines of topics to be covered during a two-day workshop on the fundamentals for library automation. Topics for the first day include: (1) Introduction; (2) Computer Technology--A Historical Overview; (3) Evolution of Library Automation; (4) Computer Hardware Technology--An Introduction; (5) Computer Software…

  3. MARC and the Library Service Center: Automation at Bargain Rates.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pearson, Karl M.

    Despite recent research and development in the field of library automation, libraries have been unable to reap the benefits promised by technology due to the high cost of building and maintaining their own computer-based systems. Time-sharing and disc mass storage devices will bring automation costs, if spread over a number of users, within the…

  4. Public Library Automation Report: Circulation [and] Appendix.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gotanda, Masae; And Others

    An online circulation system--ULISYS (the Universal Library System Ltd.) manufactured by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC)--is being installed in the Hawaii State Library, Kaneohe Regional Library, Kailua Community Library and Waimanalo Community/School Library. These libraries are the first users of a statewide online circulation system…

  5. Automating Preservation Management in the ARL Libraries. SPEC Kit 198.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brennan, Patricia, Comp.; Reed-Scott, Jutta, Comp.

    In the fall of 1993, the Association of Research Libraries (ARL) Office of Management Services conducted a survey to determine the status of automation activities within preservation departments in member libraries. The survey was sent to 68 ARL libraries that have established preservation departments under the management of a preservation…

  6. Selection of Library Automation Systems: A Management Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhang, Wenxian

    1998-01-01

    Describes the results of a survey of public libraries in Connecticut that was conducted to identify the factors that influence library administrators' decision-making process regarding library automation. Discusses vendor selection, funding, and costs, and copies of the survey questionnaires are appended. (Author/LRW)

  7. Illumina Unamplified Indexed Library Construction: An Automated Approach

    SciTech Connect

    Hack, Christopher A.; Sczyrba, Alexander; Cheng, Jan-Fang

    2011-03-21

    Manual library construction is a limiting factor in Illumina sequencing. Constructing libraries by hand is costly, time-consuming, low-throughput, and ergonomically hazardous, and constructing multiple libraries introduces risk of library failure due to pipetting errors. The ability to construct multiple libraries simultaneously in automated fashion represents significant cost and time savings. Here we present a strategy to construct up to 96 unamplified indexed libraries using Illumina TruSeq reagents and a Biomek FX robotic platform. We also present data to indicate that this library construction method has little or no risk of cross-contamination between samples.

  8. Selection of an Automated Library System for the University of Wisconsin Cluster Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwarz, Philip

    1987-01-01

    Describes the selection of an automated library system for 11 university cluster libraries in Wisconsin, from the decision to automate and the development of a proposal request, through the selection process itself. Appendices include a chronology of events, participants in the process, a checklist of activities, and additional suggestions.…

  9. Robots in the Library: Automated Storage and Retrieval Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kountz, John

    1987-01-01

    Describes automated storage and retrieval (AS/R) techniques and discusses benefits, conservation considerations, and costs of the AS/R approach to the storage of library books. Thirteen annotated references are listed. (MES)

  10. Small Library Automation: Information and Issues. Bulletin No. 91491.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wisconsin State Dept. of Public Instruction, Madison.

    Highlighting the issues that confront small libraries who are exploring automation options, this report focuses on microcomputer-based automation systems for circulation and an online patron access catalog (OPAC). The information provided outlines some of the questions that librarians must ask themselves or vendors before they select a specific…

  11. Providing Access to Library Automation Systems for Students with Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California Community Colleges, Sacramento. High-Tech Center for the Disabled.

    This document provides information on the integration of assistive computer technologies and library automation systems at California Community Colleges in order to ensure access for students with disabilities. Topics covered include planning, upgrading, purchasing, implementing and using these technologies with library systems. As information…

  12. Automation Development at the National Library of China.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sun, Beixin

    1985-01-01

    Reviews activities of Automation Development Department established in 1975 at National Library of China. Education of staff members, introduction of Library of Congress MARC tapes and Japanese computer system (Hitachi M-150H), development of application systems, the National Bibliographic Center Computer System, and long-term targets for the…

  13. Selecting a Relational Database Management System for Library Automation Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shekhel, Alex; O'Brien, Mike

    1989-01-01

    Describes the evaluation of four relational database management systems (RDBMSs) (Informix Turbo, Oracle 6.0 TPS, Unify 2000 and Relational Technology's Ingres 5.0) to determine which is best suited for library automation. The evaluation criteria used to develop a benchmark specifically designed to test RDBMSs for libraries are discussed. (CLB)

  14. Mechanisation and Automation of Information Library Procedures in the USSR.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Batenko, A. I.

    Scientific and technical libraries represent a fundamental link in a complex information storage and retrieval system. The handling of a large volume of scientific and technical data and provision of information library services requires the utilization of computing facilities and automation equipment, and was started in the Soviet Union on a…

  15. Co-operation in Library Automation; the COLA Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ashford, John; And Others

    The first stage of a study on the potential for collaborative development in library automation involved a study of more than 150 recent reports and papers, and visits to library sites in the United Kingdom, Scandinavia, West Germany, and the United States. Systems models were advanced to provide a basis for testing development proposals. Further…

  16. 'SON-GO-KU' : a dream of automated library

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sato, Mamoru; Kishimoto, Juji

    In the process of automating libraries, the retrieval of books through the browsing of shelves is being overlooked. The telematic library is a document based DBMS which can deliver the content of books by simulating the browsing process. The retrieval actually simulates the process a person would use in selecting a book in a real library, where a visual presentation using a graphic display is substituted. The characteristics of prototype system "Son-Go-Ku" for such retrieval implemented in 1988 are mentioned.

  17. Library Automation in a Difficult Economy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Breeding, Marshall

    2009-01-01

    The downturn in the economy has taken its toll on libraries. Even in the best of times, most libraries have to work with budgets that are barely adequate to support their essential activities. In these recent months, the recession has subtracted significant funds from the parent organizations of many libraries: city, county, and state governments;…

  18. Automated and Computerized Information Services for Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Handley, Lee

    Though many of the functions of libraries are analogous to functions performed in the business world, public libraries have been disadvantaged by their reluctance to adopt computer technology. Though costs have previously been prohibitive and lack of uniformity in library processes has made the use of the new technology awkward, recently-developed…

  19. An automated library financial management system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dueker, S.; Gustafson, L.

    1977-01-01

    A computerized library acquisition system developed for control of informational materials acquired at NASA Ames Research Center is described. The system monitors the acquisition of both library and individual researchers' orders and supplies detailed financial, statistical, and bibliographical information. Applicability for other libraries and the future availability of the program is discussed.

  20. Automation in a Special Library in Kuwait.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Khalid, Farooq A.

    1983-01-01

    Traces introduction of automation in National Scientific and Technical Information Center, Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, highlighting online applications in English and Arabic. Systems developed (bibliographic control, union lists, circulation control, indexes) and use of STAIRS storage and retrieval system for integrated databases are…

  1. Library Automation Design for Visually Impaired People

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yurtay, Nilufer; Bicil, Yucel; Celebi, Sait; Cit, Guluzar; Dural, Deniz

    2011-01-01

    Speech synthesis is a technology used in many different areas in computer science. This technology can bring a solution to reading activity of visually impaired people due to its text to speech conversion. Based on this problem, in this study, a system is designed needed for a visually impaired person to make use of all the library facilities in…

  2. Can We Future-Proof Library Automation?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Breeding, Marshall

    2010-01-01

    It's an obvious observation that librarians today find themselves dealing with collections of ever larger proportions of electronic content. The degree to which that shift has already taken place varies from one type of library to another. Some organizations, especially those involved with specializations in biomedical, scientific, or business,…

  3. A Principled Approach To Selecting an Automated Library System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manifold, Alan

    2000-01-01

    Offers suggestions for libraries selecting automated systems based on experiences at Purdue University. Highlights include the institutional context; long-term versus short-term benefits; involving staff and users throughout the process; request for proposals; negotiating contracts; evaluating vendors; and communicating. (LRW)

  4. Planning for Library Automation in the United States.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Culbertson, Don S.

    The 15-year history of the development of library automation is traced, and four major obstacles which had to be overcome are identified: the lack of funds for development, programing, and testing; the need for a common data base; the need for cooperative arrangements among institutions; and the need for widely-available on-line processing. Seven…

  5. An Automated Circulation System for a Small Technical Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Culnan, Mary J.

    The traditional manually-controlled circulation records of the Burroughs Corporation Library in Goleta, California, presented problems of inaccuracies, time time-consuming searches, and lack of use statistics. An automated system with the capacity to do file maintenance and statistical record-keeping was implemented on a Burroughts B1700 computer.…

  6. Directory of Library Automation Software, Systems, and Services. 1998 Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cibbarelli, Pamela R., Ed.; Cibbarelli, Shawn E., Ed.

    This book includes basic information to locate and compare available options for library automation based on various criteria such as hardware requirements, operating systems, components and applications, and price, and provides the necessary contact information to allow further investigation. The major part of the directory lists 211 software…

  7. Decision-Making for Automation: Hebrew and Arabic Script Materials in the Automated Library. Occasional Papers, Number 205.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vernon, Elizabeth

    It is generally accepted in the library world that an automated catalog means more accessible data for patrons, greater productivity for librarians, and an improvement in the sharing of bibliographic data among libraries. While the desirability of automation is not a controversial issue, some aspects of automating remain problematic. This article…

  8. How High School Library Media Specialists in Automated and Nonautomated Media Centers Spend Their Time: Implications for Library Media Educators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Everhart, Nancy

    1994-01-01

    Describes a study of high school library media specialists that compared time spent on various work activities in libraries with and without automated circulation systems to examine automation vendors' claims that implementation of their systems will save time. Implications for library media educators are suggested. (Contains 19 references.) (LRW)

  9. Library Automation in Sub Saharan Africa: Case Study of the University of Botswana

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mutula, Stephen Mudogo

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: This article aims to present experiences and the lessons learned from the University of Botswana (UB) library automation project. The implications of the project for similar libraries planning automation in sub Saharan Africa and beyond are adduced. Design/methodology/approach: The article is a case study of library automation at the…

  10. Bibliographic Automation of Large Library Operations Using a Time-Sharing System: Phase I. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Epstein, A. H.; And Others

    The first phase of an ongoing library automation project at Stanford University is described. Project BALLOTS (Bibliographic Automation of Large Library Operations Using a Time-Sharing System) seeks to automate the acquisition and cataloging functions of a large library using an on-line time-sharing computer. The main objectives are to control…

  11. Automating Media Centers and Small Libraries: A Microcomputer-Based Approach.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meghabghab, Dania Bilal

    Although the general automation process can be applied to most libraries, small libraries and media centers require a customized approach. Using a systematic approach, this guide covers each step and aspect of automation in a small library setting, and combines the principles of automation with field- tested activities. After discussing needs…

  12. Automated mass spectrometric sequence determination of cyclic peptide library members.

    PubMed

    Redman, James E; Wilcoxen, Keith M; Ghadiri, M Reza

    2003-01-01

    Cyclic peptides have come under scrutiny as potential antimicrobial therapeutic agents. Combinatorial split-and-pool synthesis of cyclic peptides can afford single compound per well libraries for antimicrobial screening, new lead identification, and construction of quantitative structure-activity relationships (QSAR). Here, we report a new sequencing protocol for rapid identification of the members of a cyclic peptide library based on automated computer analysis of mass spectra, obviating the need for library encoding/decoding strategies. Furthermore, the software readily integrates with common spreadsheet and database packages to facilitate data visualization and archiving. The utility of the new MS-sequencing approach is demonstrated using sonic spray ionization ion trap MS and MS/MS spectrometry on a single compound per bead cyclic peptide library and validated with individually synthesized pure cyclic D,L-alpha-peptides. PMID:12523832

  13. COMPATIBLE AUTOMATED LIBRARY CIRCULATION CONTROL SYSTEMS. ARMY TECHNICAL LIBRARY IMPROVEMENT STUDIES (ATLIS), REPORT NO. 14.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    UMSTEAD, CHARLES R.; CROXTON, FRED E.

    CONVERSION AND COMPATIBILITY CONSTITUTE TWO MAJOR CONCERNS IN THE INSTITUTION OF AUTOMATED SYSTEMS IN LIBRARIES. AS A CONSEQUENCE OF THESE TWO FACTS, THIS REPORT DESCRIBES IN DETAIL FIVE MORE OR LESS STANDARD AND HIGHLY COMPATIBLE CIRCULATION SYSTEMS WHICH INCORPORATE A COMMON FORM OF INPUT AND WHICH REQUIRE A MINIMUM OF CONVERSION FROM…

  14. Analyzing Library Literature on Academic Library Automation: Authorship and Subject Coverage.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lin, Pei-Yu

    The purpose of this study is to identify and determine the extent of technological change in the development of automation as it is reflected in the professional literature and the rates at which males and females contribute to this literature. A database search of Library Literature on WILSONDISC was undertaken to identify publications written in…

  15. Library Automation: Survey of Chemical (Sci-Tech) Libraries within For-Profit Corporations in Ohio.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Slivka, Krystal K.

    Automating a library can be an expensive, time-consuming endeavor that includes many risks. These risks can be reduced through a variety of methods: learning all one can about the systems available that perform the functions in which one is interested, clearly defining one's needs and expressing them succinctly to vendors, and learning how other…

  16. Library Automation at the University for Development Studies: Challenges and Prospects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Edwin S.; Pwadura, Joana

    2014-01-01

    The automation of a library that basically aims at improving the management of the library's resources and increasing access to these same resources by users has caught on so well in the western world that virtually all academic libraries in that part of the world have automated most of their services. In Africa, however, several challenges are…

  17. Small Can Be Beautiful: Automation Efforts at the Nigerian Institute of International Affairs Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adeniran, O. R.

    1992-01-01

    The Nigerian Institute of International Affairs Library began a small automation project when complete library automation was not possible. Despite limitations, the library has successfully integrated technology into its daily operations, including computer literacy programs for the staff, maintaining offline circulation records, and producing…

  18. Rebooting the East: Automation in University Libraries of the Former German Democratic Republic.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seadle, Michael

    1996-01-01

    Provides a history of the automation efforts at former East German libraries that have made their resources available for the first time. Highlights include World Wide Web home page addresses; library problems, including censorship; automation guidelines, funding, and cooperation; online catalogs; and specific examples of university libraries'…

  19. Promises, Pitfalls, and Proposals: Automating Small Public Library Cataloging in a Consortium.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rioux, Margaret A.

    1991-01-01

    Discussion of issues that should be addressed when catalogers in small public libraries begin to automate as part of a consortium uses library cooperatives from Massachusetts (Cape Libraries Automated Materials Sharing, CLAMS) and Florida as examples. Topics discussed include characteristics of the catalogers; cataloging standards; decision…

  20. 75 FR 71735 - In the Matter of: Certain Automated Media Library Devices; Notice of Investigation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-24

    ... COMMISSION In the Matter of: Certain Automated Media Library Devices; Notice of Investigation AGENCY: U.S... media library devices by reason of infringement of certain claims of U.S. Patent No. 6,328,766 (``the... certain automated media library devices that infringe one or more of claims 1-11 of the `766 patent...

  1. Looking backward, 1984-1959: twenty-five years of library automation--a personal view.

    PubMed Central

    Pizer, I H

    1984-01-01

    A brief profile of Janet Doe is given. Twenty-five years of library automation are reviewed from the author's point of view. Major projects such as the SUNY Biomedical Communication Network and the Regional Online Union Catalog of the Greater Midwest Regional Medical Library Network are discussed. Important figures in medical library automation are considered, as is the major role played by the National Library of Medicine. Images PMID:6388691

  2. Automation Challenges of the 80's: What to Do until Your Integrated Library System Arrives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allan, Ferne C.; Shields, Joyce M.

    1986-01-01

    A medium-sized aerospace library has developed interim solutions to automation needs by using software and equipment that were available in-house in preparation for an expected integrated library system. Automated processes include authors' file of items authored by employees, journal routing (including routing slips), statistics, journal…

  3. Library Automation in the Republic of China: Practical Aspects and Perspectives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li, Tze-chung

    This paper evaluates major library automated systems in the Republic of China, explores their strengths and weaknesses, and provides suggestions for further consideration. Nine representative systems were selected for this purpose: the National Central Library Automated Information Service, Science and Technology Information Center of the National…

  4. Academic Libraries and Automation: A Historical Reflection on Ralph Halsted Parker

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burns, C. Sean

    2014-01-01

    This paper provides a historical account of Ralph Halsted Parker and his work to automate libraries in the early to middle parts of the twentieth century. One of Parker's motivations to automate stemmed from a desire to professionalize academic librarianship, and this is evident in his administration as library director at the University of…

  5. Participative Planning for Library Automation: The Role of the User Opinion Survey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Paul M.; Miller, Ellen G.

    1983-01-01

    Discussion of the user opinion survey conducted by University of Cincinnati Libraries to aid in the participative planning process for library automation notes methodology, instrument design, distribution, analysis, feedback, rate of return, use of current record systems, sequence of automating record systems, and suggestions. Fourteen sources are…

  6. Media Magic: Automating a K-12 Library Program in a Rural District.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, Helen

    1994-01-01

    Describes the automation process in a library resources center in a small rural school district. Topics discussed include long-range planning; retrospective conversion for an online catalog; library automation software vendors; finances; training; time savings; CD-ROM products; telecomputing; computer literacy skills; professional development…

  7. Automation in Libraries; Papers Presented at the C.A.C.U.L. Workshop on Library Automation (University of British Columbia, Vancouver, April 10-12, 1967).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Canadian Association of College and University Libraries, Ottawa (Ontario).

    Contents: (1) Session on Acquisitions, "Acquisitions--Policies, Procedures, and Problems" by Louis Vagianos, with a supplement "Brown University Library Fund Accounting System" by Robert Wedgeworth, "Simon Fraser's Automated Acquisitions System" by T.C. Dobb, and "Automated Acquisition at University of Western Ontario" by John F. Macpherson, (2)…

  8. Small Libraries Online: Automating Circulation and Public Access Catalogs. Participant Workbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garcia, C. Rebecca; Bridge, Frank R.

    This workbook, meant to be used in a workshop, presents information on and guidelines for automating small libraries: (1) planning for automation; (2) automated system procurement and evaluation; (3) data conversion issues; (4) sample configuration worksheets; (5) sample configuration costs; (6) site preparation; (7) training; and (8) acceptance…

  9. Automation of Acquisition Records and Routine in the University Library, Newcastle upon Tyne

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Line, Maurice B.

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: Reports on the trial of an automated order routine for the University Library in Newcastle which began in April 1966. Design/methodology/approach: Presents the author's experiences of the manual order processing system, and the impetus for trialling an automated system. The stages of the automated system are described in detail. Findings:…

  10. The Automation Inventory of Research Libraries Based on Responses of 115 ARL Members.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sitts, Maxine K., Ed.

    This inventory provides profiles, tables, and listings of automated library activities at 115 Association of Research Libraries (ARL) institutions. The library profile covers 18 functions: (1) acquisitions; (2) serials check/claim; (3) serials/union list; (4) authority control; (5) cataloging/utility; (6) cataloging/local; (7) circulation; (8)…

  11. AUTOMATION IN LIBRARIES, ATLIS WORKSHOP (1ST, NOVEMBER 15-17, 1966).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Redstone Scientific Information Center, Redstone Arsenal, AL.

    THIS REPORT CONTAINS THE MINUTES OF A WORKSHOP ON AUTOMATION IN LIBRARIES, HELD TO IMPROVE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF ARMY TECHNICAL LIBRARIES AND SPONSORED BY ARMY TECHNICAL LIBRARY IMPROVEMENT STUDIES (ATLIS). THE PROGRAM WAS DEVELOPED IN FOUR AREAS, EACH ILLUSTRATED WITH PRESENTATIONS BY PEOPLE ACTUALLY INVOLVED IN THESE SYSTEMS. THE FIRST SESSION…

  12. Historic Buildings and Modern Technology: The California State Library Remodels for Automation--A Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hudson, Kathy

    1987-01-01

    Provides background on the California State Library, a description of the Library and Courts Building, and a summary of automation objectives. Concerns in renovation to accommodate a modern library are then discussed: (1) environment; (2) electrical and telephone circuitry; (3) data and voice communications; (4) physical factors; and (5)…

  13. Reference in the Age of Automation: Changes in Reference Service at Chemical Abstracts Service Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hodges, Pauline R.

    1989-01-01

    Describes the use of office automation equipment at Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS) Library Services and its impact on the reference services offered. Functions discussed include the use of electronic mail for 24-hour library access, online searching, online access to other library collections, and coordination of online searching done by CAS…

  14. Automation of the Technical Services Department in the Community College Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bial, Raymond; Strickler, Ken

    1987-01-01

    Describes Parkland College Library's efforts to review technical service activities and make recommendations concerning the automation of cataloging, acquisitions, and the public catalog. Traces the steps that have been taken in the development of a "paperless office." (DMM)

  15. 2006 Automation Survey: The Systems Are Changing. But School Libraries Aren't

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fuller, Daniel

    2006-01-01

    This article presents the findings of the 2006 School Library Journal-San Jose State University Automation Survey. The study takes a close look at the systems that media specialists are using, how they are using them, and what librarians want from their future automation programs. The findings reveal that while respondents were satisfied with…

  16. Automated Circulation Systems in Libraries Serving the Blind and Physically Handicapped: A Reference Guide for Planning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wanger, Judith; And Others

    Designed to facilitate communications in future automation projects between library and data processing personnel, especially those projects involving the use of automated systems in the service of disabled patrons, this guide identifies and describes a master set of major circulation system requirements and design considerations, and illustrates…

  17. Automating Media Centers and Small Libraries: A Microcomputer-Based Approach. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bilal, Dania

    This updated and expanded second edition offers the latest findings and practices for library automation in the 21st century. With a practical, systematic approach, the book covers the entire spectrum of steps and activities involved in the automation process. Although this text does not prescribe a specific system or approach, it offers detailed…

  18. From Acting Locally to Thinking Globally: A Brief History of Library Automation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Borgman, Christine L.

    1997-01-01

    Discusses the history of American and British experiences with library automation and contrasts them with recent developments in central and eastern Europe. Highlights include efficiency of internal operations, including cataloging data; access to internal and external library resources, including online catalogs and document delivery; and…

  19. A Bottom-Up Approach from Down-Under: Management Information in Your Automated Library System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cullen, Rowena

    1992-01-01

    Describes a bottom-up approach to a library MIS (management information system) that uses data generated by reports available from most automated library systems and shows how these data can be turned into information for decision making. Data, relevant performance indicators, and decision types are discussed for five areas. (four references) (LAE)

  20. Library Automation Report, 1996. Multimedia Computers in U.S. Public Schools, 1995-96.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quality Education Data, Inc., Denver, CO.

    District library media directors face dual demands including competition for limited educational dollars and the need to meet increasingly sophisticated student research requests. To solve these dilemmas, many districts are automating their schools' library media centers. Quality Education Data (QED) is an education research firm providing…

  1. FLICC/FEDLINK Conference on Making Library Automation Choices (Washington, D.C., May 6, 1986).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Landrum, Hollis

    This report of a conference convened by the Federal Library and Information Center Committee (FLICC) Subcommittee on Education provides brief summaries of four panel discussions conducted by 15 federal librarians who had assembled automation systems for their agencies' libraries and information centers. The first panel, consisting of Dean Hough,…

  2. Microcomputers and CD-ROM: An Optimum Choice for Library Automation in China.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ziwei, Ma; Pourciau, Lester J.

    1992-01-01

    Discussion of the role and status of academic libraries in China focuses on automation efforts. Microcomputer-based applications are described; problems are discussed; and technological advances are considered. It is concluded that CD-ROMs in conjunction with microcomputers should be used in the majority of Chinese academic libraries. (10…

  3. Development Trends in Federal Library and Information Center Automation. Guides for Administrative and Technical Interviews.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Information Dynamics Corp., Bethesda, MD.

    These two guides for interviews on trends in library automation in federal libraries and information centers cover administrative and technical interviews. The guide for administrative interviews is divided into five steps: (1) determining the details of the agency's mission and organizational structure, (2) establishing the administrative…

  4. Automating the School Library Media Center. A Select ERIC Bibliography. Mini-Bib.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Preston, Nancy R., Comp.

    This 13-item annotated bibliography was compiled through a search of the Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) database using the following descriptors: Library Automation, Bibliographic Databases, Bibliographic Utilities, Online Catalogs, Machine Readable Cataloging, and Integrated Library Systems. Among the issues addressed are the…

  5. Development Trends in Federal Library and Information Center Automation. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Information Dynamics Corp., Bethesda, MD.

    A study was made to establish the patterns in past library automation development activities within the Federal Government of the United States so that these could be available for setting the boundaries for a generalized system design for computerized library operations. More than 50 administrative and technical personnel within the Federal…

  6. Proceedings of the LARC Institute on Automation of Libraries in School Systems (Pomona, California, September 27-28, 1973).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Axford, H. William, Ed.

    Three major presentations from the 1973 Library Automation Research and Consulting Institute are included here. The first outlines the course of library automation in the preceding 10 years. The second is a discussion of the Los Angeles Unified School District's Automated Instructional Materials Handling System (AIMS), which includes materials…

  7. The Impact of Online Information Retrieval and Library Automation on the Attitude of Faculty in an Academic Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wood, Richard J.

    A random-sample survey of 100 faculty members at Slippery Rock University of Pennsylvania was made to determine how online reference services and library automation affect the attitude of faculty toward several variables: (1) centralization or decentralization of online reference services; (2) willingness to learn to use and to pay for the…

  8. The Local Area Network (LAN) and Library Automation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farr, Rick C.

    1983-01-01

    Discussion of the use of inexpensive microcomputers in local area information networks (LAN) notes such minicomputer problems as costs, capacity, downtime, and vendor dependence, and the advantages of using LAN in offices and libraries, less costly LAN upgrades, library vendors and LAN systems, and LAN problems. A 28-item bibliography is provided.…

  9. Forty Years of Library Automation: A Personal Reflection

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Line, Maurice B.

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: To provide an overview of one person's involvement with computer systems in libraries over the last 40 years. Design/methodology/approach: Personal memories corroborated with published articles. Findings: There have been very many developments in libraries in a comparatively short period of time as a result of using computer systems, and…

  10. RAMAS: The RITL Automated Management System. Master Control and Periodicals Control Subsystems. Stockholm Papers in Library and Information Science.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ya-chun, Lian

    An automated minicomputer-based library management system is being developed at the Swedish Royal Institute of Technology Library (RITL). RAMAS (the RITL Automated Management System) currently deals with periodical check-in, claiming, index-handling, and binding control. A RAMAS bibliographic record can be accessed from eight different points…

  11. The Impact of Automation on Libraries. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cline, Hugh F.; Sinnott, Loraine T.

    This project examined a series of alternative policies for the management and funding of university libraries as they adopt and adapt to various information science technologies to accomplish the functions of acquisitions, cataloging, circulation, and reference services. Comparative case studies were completed at the University of Chicago,…

  12. Office Automation and Information Technology Trends--Their Impact on Libraries and Information Center Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mason, Robert M.

    1986-01-01

    Reviews recent research on the rate of implementation and impacts of office automation (i.e., expanding microcomputer use, expert systems, electronic publishing) and outlines how these impacts may lead to changes in roles and services of libraries and information professionals. (Author/MBR)

  13. Information Communication Highways in the 1990s: An Analysis of Their Potential Impact on Library Automation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kibirige, Harry M.

    1991-01-01

    Discussion of the potential effects of fiber optic-based communication technology on information networks and systems design highlights library automation. Topics discussed include computers and telecommunications systems, the importance of information in national economies, microcomputers, local area networks (LANs), national computer networks,…

  14. Automated Text Editing: The State of the Art and Its Implications for Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saffady, William

    1976-01-01

    Presents a state-of-the-art review of automated text-editing systems capable of more efficiently and effectively producing typewritten documents in libraries. Emphasis is placed on equipment configurations, recording/storage media, basic and special editing capabilities, and present and future trends. (Author)

  15. Microcomputer Applications for Library Instruction: Automation of Test and Assignment Scoring, and Student Record Keeping.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sugranes, Maria R.; Snider, Larry C.

    1985-01-01

    Describes the development of an automated library instruction records management system using microcomputer technology. Development described includes assessment of need, exploration of options, system design, and operational development. System products are identified and operational results are reported based on actual system performance.…

  16. Automated Technical Operations: Unified Ordering/Cataloging Systems at the Libraries of the Claremont Colleges.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teare, Robert F., Ed.

    Since 1966 the libraries of the Associated Claremont Colleges have developed an automated central acquisition and cataloging system. This system differs from most other technical service organizations and operations in three ways: (1) ordering and cataloging operations are integrated and blended to avoid duplicate and uncoordinated performance,…

  17. Designing Microcomputer Networks (and) LANS: A New Technology to Improve Library Automation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ivie, Evan L.; Farr, Rick C.

    1984-01-01

    Two articles address the design of microcomputer networks and the use of local area computer networks (LAN) to improve library automation. Topics discussed include network design criteria, media for local networks, transmission mode, typical communication protocols, user interface, basic local network architectures, and examples of microcomputer…

  18. 77 FR 65907 - Certain Automated Media Library Devices; Notice of Commission Decision Remanding the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-31

    ... (``Overland'') on October 19, 2010, and supplemented on November 9, 2010. 75 FR 71735 (Nov. 24, 2010). The... to review, and on remedy, the public interest and bonding. 77 FR. 51573 (August 24, 2012... COMMISSION Certain Automated Media Library Devices; Notice of Commission Decision Remanding the...

  19. After the Fall: The Use of Surplus Capacity in an Academic Library Automation System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wright, A. J.

    The possible uses of excess central processing unit capacity in an integrated academic library automation system discussed in this draft proposal include (1) in-house services such as word processing, electronic mail, management decision support using PERT/CPM techniques, and control of physical plant operation; (2) public services such as the…

  20. Automated screening for small organic ligands using DNA-encoded chemical libraries.

    PubMed

    Decurtins, Willy; Wichert, Moreno; Franzini, Raphael M; Buller, Fabian; Stravs, Michael A; Zhang, Yixin; Neri, Dario; Scheuermann, Jörg

    2016-04-01

    DNA-encoded chemical libraries (DECLs) are collections of organic compounds that are individually linked to different oligonucleotides, serving as amplifiable identification barcodes. As all compounds in the library can be identified by their DNA tags, they can be mixed and used in affinity-capture experiments on target proteins of interest. In this protocol, we describe the screening process that allows the identification of the few binding molecules within the multiplicity of library members. First, the automated affinity selection process physically isolates binding library members. Second, the DNA codes of the isolated binders are PCR-amplified and subjected to high-throughput DNA sequencing. Third, the obtained sequencing data are evaluated using a C++ program and the results are displayed using MATLAB software. The resulting selection fingerprints facilitate the discrimination of binding from nonbinding library members. The described procedures allow the identification of small organic ligands to biological targets from a DECL within 10 d. PMID:26985574

  1. School Library Automation in Australia: Issues and Results of the National Surveys. 2nd Edition. Topics in Australian Teacher Librarianship, No. 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dillon, Ken, Ed.

    This publication about school library automation in Australia contains 18 chapters divided into seven sections. The chapters in the first section presents survey results: "School Library Automation in Australia: Results of the First, Second and Third National Surveys" (Ken Dillon); and "School Library Automation in New Zealand: Results of a…

  2. School Partners in ILLINET. Automation Options for School Library Resource Sharing in Illinois. Final Report [and] Partners in ILLINET. Special Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howrey, Mary M.

    This study was funded by the Library Services and Construction Act (LSCA) to enable the Illinois School Library Media Association (ISLMA) to plan the automation of the state's school libraries. The research was intended to identify current national programs of interest to ISLMA, identify current automation programs within Illinois library systems,…

  3. Automation for pattern library creation and in-design optimization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Deng, Rock; Zou, Elain; Hong, Sid; Wang, Jinyan; Zhang, Yifan; Sweis, Jason; Lai, Ya-Chieh; Ding, Hua; Huang, Jason

    2015-03-01

    contain remedies built in so that fixing happens either automatically or in a guided manner. Building a comprehensive library of patterns is a very difficult task especially when a new technology node is being developed or the process keeps changing. The main dilemma is not having enough representative layouts to use for model simulation where pattern locations can be marked and extracted. This paper will present an automatic pattern library creation flow by using a few known yield detractor patterns to systematically expand the pattern library and generate optimized patterns. We will also look at the specific fixing hints in terms of edge movements, additive, or subtractive changes needed during optimization. Optimization will be shown for both the digital physical implementation and custom design methods.

  4. Library Automation as a Source of Management Information. Papers presented at the Clinic on Library Applications of Data Processing (19th, Urbana, IL, April 25-28, 1982).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lancaster, F. Wilfrid, Ed.

    Papers presented at the 19th Clinic on Library Applications of Data Processing represent a great variety, ranging from a tutorial on management information and decision support systems, through more philosophical discussions of the value of computer-derived information in library management, to studies of the use of automated systems as sources of…

  5. Automating the School Library. Annual Automation Institute (3rd, June 27-July 1, 1988).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Halliday, Meta A.

    This guide to preparing the school library media center for the installation of a computer for management purposes begins by describing the situation in a DoDDS (Department of Defense Dependent School) in Germany and outlining the procedures for developing a plan of action. This plan covers the (1) project outline, project schedule, and method of…

  6. RapTOR: Automated sequencing library preparation and suppression for rapid pathogen characterization ( 7th Annual SFAF Meeting, 2012)

    ScienceCinema

    Lane, Todd [SNL

    2013-02-11

    Todd Lane on "RapTOR: Automated sequencing library preparation and suppression for rapid pathogen characterization" at the 2012 Sequencing, Finishing, Analysis in the Future Meeting held June 5-7, 2012 in Santa Fe, New Mexico.

  7. RapTOR: Automated sequencing library preparation and suppression for rapid pathogen characterization ( 7th Annual SFAF Meeting, 2012)

    SciTech Connect

    Lane, Todd

    2012-06-01

    Todd Lane on "RapTOR: Automated sequencing library preparation and suppression for rapid pathogen characterization" at the 2012 Sequencing, Finishing, Analysis in the Future Meeting held June 5-7, 2012 in Santa Fe, New Mexico.

  8. Automating gene library synthesis by structure-based combinatorial protein engineering: examples from plant sesquiterpene synthases.

    PubMed

    Dokarry, Melissa; Laurendon, Caroline; O'Maille, Paul E

    2012-01-01

    Structure-based combinatorial protein engineering (SCOPE) is a homology-independent recombination method to create multiple crossover gene libraries by assembling defined combinations of structural elements ranging from single mutations to domains of protein structure. SCOPE was originally inspired by DNA shuffling, which mimics recombination during meiosis, where mutations from parental genes are "shuffled" to create novel combinations in the resulting progeny. DNA shuffling utilizes sequence identity between parental genes to mediate template-switching events (the annealing and extension of one parental gene fragment on another) in PCR reassembly reactions to generate crossovers and hence recombination between parental genes. In light of the conservation of protein structure and degeneracy of sequence, SCOPE was developed to enable the "shuffling" of distantly related genes with no requirement for sequence identity. The central principle involves the use of oligonucleotides to encode for crossover regions to choreograph template-switching events during PCR assembly of gene fragments to create chimeric genes. This approach was initially developed to create libraries of hybrid DNA polymerases from distantly related parents, and later developed to create a combinatorial mutant library of sesquiterpene synthases to explore the catalytic landscapes underlying the functional divergence of related enzymes. This chapter presents a simplified protocol of SCOPE that can be integrated with different mutagenesis techniques and is suitable for automation by liquid-handling robots. Two examples are presented to illustrate the application of SCOPE to create gene libraries using plant sesquiterpene synthases as the model system. In the first example, we outline how to create an active-site library as a series of complex mixtures of diverse mutants. In the second example, we outline how to create a focused library as an array of individual clones to distil minimal combinations of

  9. Automated library systems and document tracking systems: Commercial software alternatives: Volume 1

    SciTech Connect

    Phillips, J.T.; Tarrant, P.M.

    1989-02-01

    Automated Library Systems (ALS) have become complex and powerful applications, and they are increasingly selected as appropriate solutions to the challenge of tracking reports and other documents within organizations. The present ALS prototype at the Pacific Missile Testing Center (PMTC) at Point Mugu, California, was developed in-house and has been in existence for some time. However, with an expected change in the present computing environment on which the ALS presently resides (UNIVAC 1100), a discussion of the features of potential commercial software alternatives was requested. The purpose of this study was to provide an information base of presently available software systems that are similar in operation or capabilities to the present ALS at PMTC. A future step will entail review of this data and begin a selection process. Various Automated Library Systems and Automated Records Management Systems were profiled to allow comparison of their features to the present system. A bibliography of selected readings was provided to assist the PMTC in its initial effort to assess future needs. 26 refs.

  10. School Library Supplement. Putting Your Library Automation System to Work [and] Using Videodiscs in Research Projects [and] Library Security: What to Look For [and] Expanding Library/Media Services with Media Retrieval [and] How to Network CD-ROMs (and) The School Library Resource Directory.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karpisek, Marian; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Presents five articles and a company resource directory to help librarians successfully incorporate technology into school libraries. Discusses actual situations, examines student needs, and gives advice to help librarians with library automation systems, videodiscs, library security systems, media retrieval, networking CD-ROMs, and locating…

  11. Affinity-based screening of combinatorial libraries using automated, serial-column chromatography

    SciTech Connect

    Evans, D.M.; Williams, K.P.; McGuinness, B.

    1996-04-01

    The authors have developed an automated serial chromatographic technique for screening a library of compounds based upon their relative affinity for a target molecule. A {open_quotes}target{close_quotes} column containing the immobilized target molecule is set in tandem with a reversed-phase column. A combinatorial peptide library is injected onto the target column. The target-bound peptides are eluted from the first column and transferred automatically to the reversed-phase column. The target-specific peptide peaks from the reversed-phase column are identified and sequenced. Using a monoclonal antibody (3E-7) against {beta}-endorphin as a target, we selected a single peptide with sequence YGGFL from approximately 5800 peptides present in a combinatorial library. We demonstrated the applicability of the technology towards selection of peptides with predetermined affinity for bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS, endotoxin). We expect that this technology will have broad applications for high throughput screening of chemical libraries or natural product extracts. 21 refs., 4 figs.

  12. The Impact of Automation on Job Requirements and Qualifications for Catalogers and Reference Librarians in Academic Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xu, Hong

    1996-01-01

    Compares and analyzes job advertisements for catalogers and reference librarians in academic libraries from 1971 to 1990 to trace the impact of automation on job requirements and qualifications. Findings indicate that computer skills are needed, and there are more entry-level jobs being posted for both groups. (Author/JMV)

  13. An Automated Microwave-Assisted Synthesis Purification System for Rapid Generation of Compound Libraries.

    PubMed

    Tu, Noah P; Searle, Philip A; Sarris, Kathy

    2016-06-01

    A novel methodology for the synthesis and purification of drug-like compound libraries has been developed through the use of a microwave reactor with an integrated high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS) system. The strategy uses a fully automated synthesizer with a microwave as energy source and robotic components for weighing and dispensing of solid reagents, handling liquid reagents, capper/crimper of microwave reaction tube assemblies, and transportation. Crude reaction products were filtered through solid-phase extraction cartridges and injected directly onto a reverse-phase chromatography column via an injection valve. For multistep synthesis, crude products were passed through scavenger resins and reintroduced for subsequent reactions. All synthetic and purification steps were conducted under full automation with no handling or isolation of intermediates, to afford the desired purified products. This approach opens the way to highly efficient generation of drug-like compounds as part of a lead discovery strategy or within a lead optimization program. PMID:26085482

  14. Human Aspects of Library Automation: Helping Staff and Patrons Cope. Papers presented at the Annual Clinic on Library Applications of Data Processing (22nd, Urbana, Illinois, April 14-16, 1985).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaw, Debora, Ed.

    This collection explores the human aspect of the automation and reautomation of library functions as both library staff and library users are expected to adapt to and use computers. A brief introduction by Debora Shaw sets the stage for the following papers: (1) "Terminal Paralysis, or Showdown at the Interface" (Sara Fine); (2) "Learning from…

  15. Automation of Oklahoma School Library Media Centers: A Plan for the Development of Technology in Library Media Centers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oklahoma State Dept. of Education, Oklahoma City. Library and Learning Resources Section.

    This training manual and statewide plan begins by describing the role of the Oklahoma State Department of Education, Library Resources/Technology Section as one of providing leadership, consultation, communication, and coordination in the systematic development of technology in Oklahoma school library media centers. Information about the Oklahoma…

  16. Creating an automated chiller fault detection and diagnostics tool using a data fault library.

    PubMed

    Bailey, Margaret B; Kreider, Jan F

    2003-07-01

    Reliable, automated detection and diagnosis of abnormal behavior within vapor compression refrigeration cycle (VCRC) equipment is extremely desirable for equipment owners and operators. The specific type of VCRC equipment studied in this paper is a 70-ton helical rotary, air-cooled chiller. The fault detection and diagnostic (FDD) tool developed as part of this research analyzes chiller operating data and detects faults through recognizing trends or patterns existing within the data. The FDD method incorporates a neural network (NN) classifier to infer the current state given a vector of observables. Therefore the FDD method relies upon the availability of normal and fault empirical data for training purposes and therefore a fault library of empirical data is assembled. This paper presents procedures for conducting sophisticated fault experiments on chillers that simulate air-cooled condenser, refrigerant, and oil related faults. The experimental processes described here are not well documented in literature and therefore will provide the interested reader with a useful guide. In addition, the authors provide evidence, based on both thermodynamics and empirical data analysis, that chiller performance is significantly degraded during fault operation. The chiller's performance degradation is successfully detected and classified by the NN FDD classifier as discussed in the paper's final section. PMID:12858981

  17. Automated library synthesis of cyclopropyl boronic esters employing diazomethane in a tube-in-tube flow reactor.

    PubMed

    Koolman, Hannes F; Kantor, Stanislaw; Bogdan, Andrew R; Wang, Ying; Pan, Jeffrey Y; Djuric, Stevan W

    2016-07-01

    The efficient synthesis of cyclopropyl boronic esters in library format using a diazomethane flow reactor has been achieved. A pivotal component of the system is a fully automated tube-in-tube reactor allowing for safe handling of hazardous diazomethane on repeated small scale and for the generation of larger quantities of product. The setup enables the repeated execution of Pd-catalyzed cyclopropanation reactions without compromising its operation over time. PMID:27314279

  18. Inside Pandora's Box--The Paper Library: Beyond the Automated Card Catalog.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kevil, L. Hunter; Montgomery, Jack, Ed.

    1998-01-01

    Argues that without reform and adaptation to contemporary technology, paper libraries will become little more than book museums. Outlines four major problems with contemporary library practice. Discusses benefits of database-management systems for organization of libraries' paper resources. Lists requirements libraries should demand of any new…

  19. The library and its home computer: automation as if people mattered.

    PubMed Central

    Avriel, D

    1983-01-01

    To provide its users with quick and easy access to the library resources, the Muriel and Philip Berman National Medical Library, Jerusalem, between 1978 and 1982 developed an integrated library system (MAIMON) on a minicomputer. Because humans are the most important element of the library system, MAIMON's performance was evaluated in terms of benefits provided to patrons, library management, and library staff. After successfully adopting the system, users' needs and expectations have grown. How the existing system will be used and expanded to meet the new information demands at the library is discussed. Images PMID:6626802

  20. Project BALLOTS: Bibliographic Automation of Large Library Operations Using a Time-Sharing System. Progress Report (3/27/69 - 6/26/69).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Veaner, Allen B.

    Project BALLOTS is a large-scale library automation development project of the Stanford University Libraries which has demonstrated the feasibility of conducting on-line interactive searches of complex bibliographic files, with a large number of users working simultaneously in the same or different files. This report documents the continuing…

  1. Automated Resource Sharing in Massachusetts: Activities, Functions and Policies Supporting the Long Range Program. Approved by the Board of Library Commissioners.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massachusetts Board of Library Commissioners, Boston.

    A revised and updated version of a 1983 automation plan, this report describes the long range program for resource sharing activities by the library network in Massachusetts, a program which is funded in part by the Library Services and Construction Act. The basis of the network--the development, continuation, and linking of machine-readable…

  2. Bibliomining for Automated Collection Development in a Digital Library Setting: Using Data Mining To Discover Web-Based Scholarly Research Works.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nicholson, Scott

    2003-01-01

    Discusses quality issues regarding Web sites and describes research that created an intelligent agent for automated collection development in a digital academic library setting, which uses a predictive model based on facets of each Web page to select scholarly works. Describes the use of bibliomining, or data mining for libraries. (Author/LRW)

  3. Automated Categorization Scheme for Digital Libraries in Distance Learning: A Pattern Recognition Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gunal, Serkan

    2008-01-01

    Digital libraries play a crucial role in distance learning. Nowadays, they are one of the fundamental information sources for the students enrolled in this learning system. These libraries contain huge amount of instructional data (text, audio and video) offered by the distance learning program. Organization of the digital libraries is…

  4. Library+

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Merrill, Alex

    2011-01-01

    This article discusses possible future directions for academic libraries in the post Web/Library 2.0 world. These possible directions include areas such as data literacy, linked data sets, and opportunities for libraries in support of digital humanities. The author provides a brief sketch of the background information regarding the topics and…

  5. Both Automation and Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Purcell, Royal

    1988-01-01

    Discusses the concept of a paperless society and the current situation in library automation. Various applications of automation and telecommunications are addressed, and future library automation is considered. Automation at the Monroe County Public Library in Bloomington, Indiana, is described as an example. (MES)

  6. The Design of the CCCII and Its Application Considerations in Library Automation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huang, Jack Kai-tung; And Others

    This paper presents the major characteristics of the Chinese Character Code for Information Interchange (CCCII) and indicates its intended application for the interchange of Chinese information among computer systems and communication facilities, especially in library networks. It is considered sufficient for present day library applications,…

  7. Automation of Oklahoma School Library Media Centers: Directory of Computer Applications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Estes-Rickner, Bettie, Ed.

    This directory is designed to allow media specialists in regional areas of Oklahoma to share their experiences in computer applications for libraries. The first of two sections lists schools using computers for circulation, computerized catalogs, library management, CD-ROM, laser disk programs, and online information systems. Schools are listed…

  8. High Res at High Speed: Automated Delivery of High-Resolution Images from Digital Library Collections

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Westbrook, R. Niccole; Watkins, Sean

    2012-01-01

    As primary source materials in the library are digitized and made available online, the focus of related library services is shifting to include new and innovative methods of digital delivery via social media, digital storytelling, and community-based and consortial image repositories. Most images on the Web are not of sufficient quality for most…

  9. Automated Synthesis of a Library of Triazolated 1,2,5-Thiadiazepane 1,1-Dioxides via a Double aza-Michael Strategy

    PubMed Central

    Zang, Qin; Javed, Salim; Hill, David; Ullah, Farman; Bi, Danse; Porubsky, Patrick; Neuenswander, Benjamin; Lushington, Gerald H.; Santini, Conrad; Organ, Michael G.; Hanson, Paul R.

    2013-01-01

    The construction of a 96-member library of triazolated 1,2,5-thiadiazepane 1,1-dioxides was performed on a Chemspeed Accelerator (SLT-100) automated parallel synthesis platform, culminating in the successful preparation of 94 out of 96 possible products. The key step, a one-pot, sequential elimination, double-aza-Michael reaction, and [3+2] Huisgen cycloaddition pathway has been automated and utilized in the production of two sets of triazolated sultam products. PMID:22853708

  10. HotSpot Wizard 2.0: automated design of site-specific mutations and smart libraries in protein engineering

    PubMed Central

    Bendl, Jaroslav; Stourac, Jan; Sebestova, Eva; Vavra, Ondrej; Musil, Milos; Brezovsky, Jan; Damborsky, Jiri

    2016-01-01

    HotSpot Wizard 2.0 is a web server for automated identification of hot spots and design of smart libraries for engineering proteins’ stability, catalytic activity, substrate specificity and enantioselectivity. The server integrates sequence, structural and evolutionary information obtained from 3 databases and 20 computational tools. Users are guided through the processes of selecting hot spots using four different protein engineering strategies and optimizing the resulting library's size by narrowing down a set of substitutions at individual randomized positions. The only required input is a query protein structure. The results of the calculations are mapped onto the protein's structure and visualized with a JSmol applet. HotSpot Wizard lists annotated residues suitable for mutagenesis and can automatically design appropriate codons for each implemented strategy. Overall, HotSpot Wizard provides comprehensive annotations of protein structures and assists protein engineers with the rational design of site-specific mutations and focused libraries. It is freely available at http://loschmidt.chemi.muni.cz/hotspotwizard. PMID:27174934

  11. HotSpot Wizard 2.0: automated design of site-specific mutations and smart libraries in protein engineering.

    PubMed

    Bendl, Jaroslav; Stourac, Jan; Sebestova, Eva; Vavra, Ondrej; Musil, Milos; Brezovsky, Jan; Damborsky, Jiri

    2016-07-01

    HotSpot Wizard 2.0 is a web server for automated identification of hot spots and design of smart libraries for engineering proteins' stability, catalytic activity, substrate specificity and enantioselectivity. The server integrates sequence, structural and evolutionary information obtained from 3 databases and 20 computational tools. Users are guided through the processes of selecting hot spots using four different protein engineering strategies and optimizing the resulting library's size by narrowing down a set of substitutions at individual randomized positions. The only required input is a query protein structure. The results of the calculations are mapped onto the protein's structure and visualized with a JSmol applet. HotSpot Wizard lists annotated residues suitable for mutagenesis and can automatically design appropriate codons for each implemented strategy. Overall, HotSpot Wizard provides comprehensive annotations of protein structures and assists protein engineers with the rational design of site-specific mutations and focused libraries. It is freely available at http://loschmidt.chemi.muni.cz/hotspotwizard. PMID:27174934

  12. Technological Capabilities and Human Constraints: Automation and Organizational Change in Academic Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Bryce

    Arguing that technological change often affects the organizational structure of library workplaces, this paper presents two alternative approaches to the implementation of change in organizational structures, provides several examples of each approach, and suggests related reading materials. It is noted that the configurational approach…

  13. Automation of the University of the South Pacific Library and the Pacific Information Centre. A Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ferrer, Daniel

    The Pacific Information Center (PIC) was established in 1983 to identify, collect, and record information about materials from and relating to the South Pacific region. The project involves sharing access and information among countries in this region. PIC, which works in conjunction with the University of the South Pacific (USP) Library, receives…

  14. Techniques for Increasing the Efficiency of Automation Systems in School Library Media Centers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caffarella, Edward P.

    1996-01-01

    Discusses methods of managing queues (waiting lines) to optimize the use of student computer stations in school library media centers and to make searches more efficient and effective. The three major factors in queue management are arrival interval of the patrons, service time, and number of stations. (Author/LRW)

  15. Data Conversion. A Fundamental Step toward Library Automation. Participant Workbook [For a Workshop].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bridge, Frank R.; Garcia, C. Rebecca

    This workbook for participants in a 1988 Texas State Library workshop is designed to provide a step by step outline for the full process of bibliographic, item, and patron conversion from paper files to an online environment; to orient participants to various methods and major vendors of bibliographic retrospective conversion; and to provide a…

  16. IFLA General Conference, 1986. Pre-Conference Seminar on Automated Systems for Access to Multilingual and Multiscript Library materials: Problems and Solutions. Papers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions, The Hague (Netherlands).

    A seminar which considered problems and solutions regarding automated systems for access to multilingual and multiscript library materials was held as a pre-session before the IFLA general conference in 1986. Papers presented include: (1) "Romanized and Transliterated Databases of Asian Language Materials--History, Problems, and Prospects" (Suzine…

  17. The U.K. Code of Practice for Consultants: A Partial Solution and Ethics in the Library Automation Process: A Forum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gurnsey, John; Drabenstott, Jon, Ed.

    1986-01-01

    Gurnsey's article characterizes the United Kingdom's code for consultants as a guide to good practice but lacking enforcement measures; the text of the code is appended. Drabenstott has edited a forum of consultants' views on ethics in the library automation process. (EM)

  18. Brain MAPS: an automated, accurate and robust brain extraction technique using a template library

    PubMed Central

    Leung, Kelvin K.; Barnes, Josephine; Modat, Marc; Ridgway, Gerard R.; Bartlett, Jonathan W.; Fox, Nick C.; Ourselin, Sébastien

    2011-01-01

    Whole brain extraction is an important pre-processing step in neuro-image analysis. Manual or semi-automated brain delineations are labour-intensive and thus not desirable in large studies, meaning that automated techniques are preferable. The accuracy and robustness of automated methods are crucial because human expertise may be required to correct any sub-optimal results, which can be very time consuming. We compared the accuracy of four automated brain extraction methods: Brain Extraction Tool (BET), Brain Surface Extractor (BSE), Hybrid Watershed Algorithm (HWA) and a Multi-Atlas Propagation and Segmentation (MAPS) technique we have previously developed for hippocampal segmentation. The four methods were applied to extract whole brains from 682 1.5T and 157 3T T1-weighted MR baseline images from the Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative database. Semi-automated brain segmentations with manual editing and checking were used as the gold-standard to compare with the results. The median Jaccard index of MAPS was higher than HWA, BET and BSE in 1.5T and 3T scans (p < 0.05, all tests), and the 1st-99th centile range of the Jaccard index of MAPS was smaller than HWA, BET and BSE in 1.5T and 3T scans (p < 0.05, all tests). HWA and MAPS were found to be best at including all brain tissues (median false negative rate ≤ 0.010% for 1.5T scans and ≤ 0.019% for 3T scans, both methods). The median Jaccard index of MAPS were similar in both 1.5T and 3T scans, whereas those of BET, BSE and HWA were higher in 1.5T scans than 3T scans (p < 0.05, all tests). We found that the diagnostic group had a small effect on the median Jaccard index of all four methods. In conclusion, MAPS had relatively high accuracy and low variability compared to HWA, BET and BSE in MR scans with and without atrophy. PMID:21195780

  19. Sustainable synthesis and automated deposition: an accessible discovery screening library of fragment-like purines.

    PubMed

    Kamper, Christoph; Korpis, Katharina; Specker, Edgar; Anger, Lennart; Neuenschwander, Martin; Bednarski, Patrick J; Link, Andreas

    2012-08-01

    A sub-library of 88 information-rich lead-like purine derivatives were prepared and deposited in an open access academic screening facility. The rationale for the synthesis of these rigid low complexity structures was the privileged character of the purine heterocycle associated with its inherent probability of interactions with multiple adenine-related targets. Although generally expected to be weak binders in many assays, such fragment-like compounds are estimated to match diverse binding sites. It is suggested that heterocycles with many anchor points for hydrogen bonds can be anticipated to undergo very specific interactions to produce more negative enthalpies and thus provide superior starting points for lead optimization than compounds that owe their activity to entropic effects. The in vitro cytotoxicity of the small compounds on a panel of human cancer cell lines has been investigated and some of them showed marked unselective or selective toxicity. This data may be useful if these fragments are to be incorporated into drug-like structures via metabolically cleavable connections. The sub-library will be implemented as part of the ChemBioNet ( www.chembionet.info ) library, and it is open to screening campaigns of academic research groups striving for a fragment-based approach in their biological assays. PMID:22890959

  20. Establish an automated flow injection ESI-MS method for the screening of fragment based libraries: Application to Hsp90.

    PubMed

    Riccardi Sirtori, Federico; Caronni, Dannica; Colombo, Maristella; Dalvit, Claudio; Paolucci, Mauro; Regazzoni, Luca; Visco, Carlo; Fogliatto, Gianpaolo

    2015-08-30

    ESI-MS is a well established technique for the study of biopolymers (nucleic acids, proteins) and their non covalent adducts, due to its capacity to detect ligand-target complexes in the gas phase and allows inference of ligand-target binding in solution. In this article we used this approach to investigate the interaction of ligands to the Heat Shock Protein 90 (Hsp90). This enzyme is a molecular chaperone involved in the folding and maturation of several proteins which has been subjected in the last years to intensive drug discovery efforts due to its key role in cancer. In particular, reference compounds, with a broad range of dissociation constants from 40pM to 100μM, were tested to assess the reliability of ESI-MS for the study of protein-ligand complexes. A good agreement was found between the values measured with a fluorescence polarization displacement assay and those determined by mass spectrometry. After this validation step we describe the setup of a medium throughput screening method, based on ESI-MS, suitable to explore interactions of therapeutic relevance biopolymers with chemical libraries. Our approach is based on an automated flow injection ESI-MS method (AFI-MS) and has been applied to screen the Nerviano Medical Sciences proprietary fragment library of about 2000 fragments against Hsp90. In order to discard false positive hits and to discriminate those of them interacting with the N-terminal ATP binding site, competition experiments were performed using a reference inhibitor. Gratifyingly, this group of hits matches with the ligands previously identified by NMR FAXS techniques and confirmed by X-ray co-crystallization experiments. These results support the use of AFI-MS for the screening of medium size libraries, including libraries of small molecules with low affinity typically used in fragment based drug discovery. AFI-MS is a valid alternative to other techniques with the additional opportunities to identify compounds interacting with

  1. A Microfluidic Device for Preparing Next Generation DNA Sequencing Libraries and for Automating Other Laboratory Protocols That Require One or More Column Chromatography Steps

    PubMed Central

    Tan, Swee Jin; Phan, Huan; Gerry, Benjamin Michael; Kuhn, Alexandre; Hong, Lewis Zuocheng; Min Ong, Yao; Poon, Polly Suk Yean; Unger, Marc Alexander; Jones, Robert C.; Quake, Stephen R.; Burkholder, William F.

    2013-01-01

    Library preparation for next-generation DNA sequencing (NGS) remains a key bottleneck in the sequencing process which can be relieved through improved automation and miniaturization. We describe a microfluidic device for automating laboratory protocols that require one or more column chromatography steps and demonstrate its utility for preparing Next Generation sequencing libraries for the Illumina and Ion Torrent platforms. Sixteen different libraries can be generated simultaneously with significantly reduced reagent cost and hands-on time compared to manual library preparation. Using an appropriate column matrix and buffers, size selection can be performed on-chip following end-repair, dA tailing, and linker ligation, so that the libraries eluted from the chip are ready for sequencing. The core architecture of the device ensures uniform, reproducible column packing without user supervision and accommodates multiple routine protocol steps in any sequence, such as reagent mixing and incubation; column packing, loading, washing, elution, and regeneration; capture of eluted material for use as a substrate in a later step of the protocol; and removal of one column matrix so that two or more column matrices with different functional properties can be used in the same protocol. The microfluidic device is mounted on a plastic carrier so that reagents and products can be aliquoted and recovered using standard pipettors and liquid handling robots. The carrier-mounted device is operated using a benchtop controller that seals and operates the device with programmable temperature control, eliminating any requirement for the user to manually attach tubing or connectors. In addition to NGS library preparation, the device and controller are suitable for automating other time-consuming and error-prone laboratory protocols requiring column chromatography steps, such as chromatin immunoprecipitation. PMID:23894273

  2. Narrative Evaluation Report On The Institute For The Automation of Bibliographical Services At The School of Library and Information Services, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (10-21 June, 1968).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Batty, C. David

    The Institute on the Automation of Bibliographical Services was held at the University of Maryland, 10-21 June 1968, conducted by the School of Library and Information Services, assisted by the Library of Congress Information Systems Office and the University Computer Science Center. Thirty-nine participants from academic, special, and public…

  3. Design of an Automated Library Information Storage and Retrieval System for Library of Congress Division for the Blind and Physically Handicapped (DBPH). Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Systems Architects, Inc., Randolph, MA.

    A practical system for producing a union catalog of titles in the collections of the Library of Congress Division for the Blind and Physically Handicapped (DBPH), its regional network, and related agencies from a machine-readable data base is presented. The DBPH organization and operations and the associated regional library network are analyzed.…

  4. Spanish Museum Libraries Network.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lopez de Prado, Rosario

    This paper describes the creation of an automated network of museum libraries in Spain. The only way in which the specialized libraries in the world today can continue to be active and to offer valid information is to automate the service they offer, and create network libraries with cooperative plans. The network can be configured with different…

  5. Arc-An OAI Service Provider for Digital Library Federation; Kepler-An OAI Data/Service Provider for the Individual; Information Objects and Rights Management: A Mediation-Based Approach to DRM Interoperability; Automated Name Authority Control and Enhanced Searching in the Levy Collection; Renardus Project Developments and the Wider Digital Library Context.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liu, Xiaoming; Maly, Kurt; Zubair, Mohammad; Nelson, Michael L.; Erickson, John S.; DiLauro, Tim; Choudhury, G. Sayeed; Patton, Mark; Warner, James W.; Brown, Elizabeth W.; Heery, Rachel; Carpenter, Leona; Day, Michael

    2001-01-01

    Includes five articles that discuss the OAI (Open Archive Initiative), an interface between data providers and service providers; information objects and digital rights management interoperability; digitizing library collections, including automated name authority control, metadata, and text searching engines; and building digital library services…

  6. Development and Testing of Automated Library Processes: Report on OSTI-Supported Project, April 1968 to March 1971. Summary.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Loughborough Univ. of Technology (England).

    The aim of the project was to develop automated systems encompassing the functions of existing manual procedures, but only when the functions could also be surpassed sufficiently to justify the cost of automation. The housekeeping systems were to be viewed as a whole and appropriate interfaces provided between them so as to provide an integrated…

  7. The Role of the MELVYL System in University of California Library Automation: The Next Five Years. Technical Report No. 5.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California Univ., Oakland. Div. of Library Automation.

    This report on options for developing the University of California (UC) MELVYL online library system discusses the system in relationship to the current environment, including national and network information resources, electronic publishing, campus libraries, and changing user expectations; and places the growth of the MELVYL system in the…

  8. Automation and Networking of Public Libraries in India Using the E-Granthalaya Software from the National Informatics Centre

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matoria, Ram Kumar; Upadhyay, P. K.; Moni, Madaswamy

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: To describe the development of the library management system, e-Granthalaya, for public libraries in India. This is an initiative of the Indian government's National Informatics Centre (NIC). The paper outlines the challenges and the potential of a full-scale deployment of this software at a national level. Design/methodology/approach:…

  9. E-Books and DRM: Rights Management Solutions, Extant Automation Systems, and Institutional Owners/Lenders. (SIGs LAN, PUB: Library Automation, Networks and Information Generation and Publication).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Little, John R.

    2000-01-01

    Outlines a planned panel discussion on electronic books and DRM (Digital Rights Management). Highlights include publisher's choice of format to protect content; institutional needs; circulating library materials to authorized users; integrating the electronic collection with the rest of the collection; integrating DRM with current library…

  10. The Disintegrating World of Library Automation: Working Together, Librarians and Vendors Can Solve the Problems that Hamper Innovation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dietz, Roland; Grant, Carl

    2005-01-01

    Innovations from Google[TM] and Amazon[R] are clear wake-up calls that as a profession and an industry things need to be done differently. Automation vendors and librarians must work together to ensure that the profession is positioned to take advantage of changing culture and technology to assume a rightful place at the table where rich and…

  11. Automating Reference Desk Files with Microcomputers in a Public Library: An Exploration of Data Resources, Methods, and Software.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miley, David W.

    Many reference librarians still rely on manual searches to access vertical files, ready reference files, and other information stored in card files, drawers, and notebooks scattered around the reference department. Automated access to these materials via microcomputers using database management software may speed up the process. This study focuses…

  12. Automated Circulation. SPEC Kit 43.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association of Research Libraries, Washington, DC. Office of Management Studies.

    Of the 64 libraries responding to a 1978 Association of Research Libraries (ARL) survey, 37 indicated that they used automated circulation systems; half of these were commercial systems, and most were batch-process or combination batch process and online. Nearly all libraries without automated systems cited lack of funding as the reason for not…

  13. Library Environment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Computers in Libraries, 1993

    1993-01-01

    This special section includes two articles that review products and services for the automated library environment. Highlights include ergonomic products; products for visually, hearing-, and speech-impaired users; analog film recorders; computer filters; document imaging systems; electric filing systems; and printers. A list of vendors is…

  14. Staff Reactions to Automation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winstead, Elizabeth B.

    1994-01-01

    Describes two surveys of three libraries on a university campus, one conducted in 1987 and one in 1993, that investigated how library staff reacted to the library automation process. The hypotheses that were tested are discussed, and results are compared to a similar survey conducted in 1985. (LRW)

  15. Information Technology in Libraries. A Pakistani Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mahmood, Khalid

    This book presents an overview of the present status of the use of library automation hardware and software in Pakistan. The following 20 articles are included: (1) "The Status of Library Automation in Pakistan"; (2) "Promoting Information Technology in Pakistan: the Netherlands Library Development Project"; (3) "Library Software in Pakistan"; (4)…

  16. Still Growing Strong: UCLA Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McClung, Patricia

    1983-01-01

    This description of the development of an academic research library in Los Angeles includes a brief history of the University of California, and discusses university librarians, library buildings, special collections, automation, and cooperative programs. (EJS)

  17. National Libraries Section. General Research Libraries Division. Papers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    International Federation of Library Associations, The Hague (Netherlands).

    Papers on national library services and activities, which were presented at the 1983 International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) conference, include: (1) "The National Library of China in its Gradual Application of Modern Technology," a discussion by Zhu Nan and Zhu Yan (China) of microform usage and library automation; (2) "The…

  18. Cell Libraries

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1994-01-01

    A NASA contract led to the development of faster and more energy efficient semiconductor materials for digital integrated circuits. Gallium arsenide (GaAs) conducts electrons 4-6 times faster than silicon and uses less power at frequencies above 100-150 megahertz. However, the material is expensive, brittle, fragile and has lacked computer automated engineering tools to solve this problem. Systems & Processes Engineering Corporation (SPEC) developed a series of GaAs cell libraries for cell layout, design rule checking, logic synthesis, placement and routing, simulation and chip assembly. The system is marketed by Compare Design Automation.

  19. Reliable characterization of coffee bean aroma profiles by automated headspace solid phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry with the support of a dual-filter mass spectra library.

    PubMed

    Mondello, Luigi; Costa, Rosaria; Tranchida, Peter Quinto; Dugo, Paola; Lo Presti, Maria; Festa, Saverio; Fazio, Alessia; Dugo, Giovanni

    2005-06-01

    This investigation is based on the automated solid phase microextraction GC-MS analysis of the volatile fraction of a variety of coffee bean matrices. Volatile analytes were extracted by headspace (HS)-SPME which was achieved with the support of automated instrumentation. The research was directed towards various important aspects relating to coffee aroma analysis: monitoring of the volatile fraction formation during roasting; chromatographic differentiation of the two main coffee species (Arabica and Robusta) and of a single species from different geographical origins; evaluation of the influence of specific industrial treatments prior to roasting. Reliable peak assignment was carried out through the use of a recently laboratory-constructed "flavour and fragrance" library and a dual-filter MS spectral search procedure. Further emphasis was placed on the automated SPME instrumentation and on its ability to supply highly repeatable chromatographic data. PMID:16013837

  20. Automation and Cataloging.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Furuta, Kenneth; And Others

    1990-01-01

    These three articles address issues in library cataloging that are affected by automation: (1) the impact of automation and bibliographic utilities on professional catalogers; (2) the effect of the LASS microcomputer software on the cost of authority work in cataloging at the University of Arizona; and (3) online subject heading and classification…

  1. Automated System Marketplace 1987: Maturity and Competition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walton, Robert A.; Bridge, Frank R.

    1988-01-01

    This annual review of the library automation marketplace presents profiles of 15 major library automation firms and looks at emerging trends. Seventeen charts and tables provide data on market shares, number and size of installations, hardware availability, operating systems, and interfaces. A directory of 49 automation sources is included. (MES)

  2. An Online Library Catalogue.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alloro, Giovanna; Ugolini, Donatella

    1992-01-01

    Describes the implementation of an online catalog in the library of the National Institute for Cancer Research and the Clinical and Experimental Oncology Institute of the University of Genoa. Topics addressed include automation of various library functions, software features, database management, training, and user response. (10 references) (MES)

  3. Automation of Bibliographic Control for Chinese Materials in the United States [and] Reforming Administration in Chinese Academic Libraries: A Key to Success.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zeng, Lei; Zhang, Wei-Ping

    1991-01-01

    Two articles discuss Chinese libraries and materials: one reviews the role of bibliographic utilities in the bibliographic control of Chinese language materials in U.S. libraries, and one examines characteristics of administration in academic libraries in China from both historical perspective and current practice. (64 references) (LRW)

  4. Library of the Future: Croydon's New Central Library Complex.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Batt, Chris

    1993-01-01

    A new library and cultural center in Croyden (England) is described. Function-based areas include library, administration, technical services, museum and galleries, museum offices and store, cinema, tourist information center, and local government offices. Information technology systems include the library management system, office automation, and…

  5. Professional Specialists in Academic Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cottam, Keith M.

    As research libraries have grown, a trend has developed to recruit specialists to support the administrative and technical functions of the library. Business, planning, automation, personnel, and facilities specialists are among those currently employed. Libraries which utilize such specialists experience significant gains in flexibility to…

  6. Planning Istanbul's Public Library System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dokmeci, Vedia; Korca, Perver

    1992-01-01

    Discussion of the role of public libraries in socioeconomic development focuses on an evaluation of the existing library system in Istanbul (Turkey) and proposes a plan for its balanced development with respect to population distribution and technological advances. Highlights include building design, library automation, and financial…

  7. Libraries: Part of Your Life. Annual Report: Colorado State Library, 1986.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colorado State Library, Denver.

    Designed to inform the library community about the programs, services, staff, and fiscal status of the Colorado State Library, this annual report includes highlights of the following programs: (1) Public Library Development; (2) School Library Media; (3) Network Development and Automation; (4) Regional Library Service Systems Coordination; (5)…

  8. An Automation Survival Guide for Media Centers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whaley, Roger E.

    1989-01-01

    Reviews factors that should affect the decision to automate a school media center and offers suggestions for the automation process. Topics discussed include getting the library collection ready for automation, deciding what automated functions are needed, evaluating software vendors, selecting software, and budgeting. (CLB)

  9. Fermilab Library projects

    SciTech Connect

    Garrett, P.; Ritchie, D.

    1990-05-03

    Preprint database management as done at various centers -- the subject of this workshop -- is hard to separate from the overall activities of the particular center. We therefore present the wider context at the Fermilab Library into which preprint database management fits. The day-to-day activities of the Library aside, the dominant activity at present is that of the ongoing Fermilab Library Automation. A less dominant but relatively time-consuming activity is that of doing more online searches in commercial databases on behalf of laboratory staff and visitors. A related activity is that of exploring the benefits of end-user searching of similar sources as opposed to library staff searching of the same. The Library Automation Project, which began about two years ago, is about to go fully online.'' The rationale behind this project is described in the documents developed during the December 1988--February 1989 planning phase.

  10. Electronics, the Cost Disease, and the Operation of Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baumol, William J.; Blackman, Sue Anne Batey

    1983-01-01

    Examines trends in costs of conventional library operation and costs of electronic devices which may pervade libraries of future. Library costs in 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s, library automation, total library operating expenditures for university and college libraries, and rate of adoption of electronic techniques are covered. Sixty-three references…

  11. Planning and Implementing Academic Library Automation Programs: Proceedings of the Librarianship Training Institute Held at Louisiana Tech University, June 14-28, 1970.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dyson, Sam A., Ed.

    A library-oriented, concentrated course in the use of computers in libraries is a definite need in the profession. Librarians can learn the use of computers even though they have no background in data processing. The profession is also in need of a course syllabus which can be used either in a formal college course or in an in-service training…

  12. Alabama Public Library Service. Annual Report, 1979.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alabama Public Library Service, Montgomery.

    This annual report highlights services to the blind and physically handicapped, progress in library automation and interlibrary cooperation, administration of state aid and funding from the Library Services and Construction Act, library development-planning and research, public library income, public information, continuing education, and other…

  13. Losing Libraries, Saving Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Rebecca

    2010-01-01

    This summer, as public libraries continued to get budget hit after budget hit across the country, several readers asked for a comprehensive picture of the ravages of the recession on library service. In partnership with 2010 Movers & Shakers Laura Solomon and Mandy Knapp, Ohio librarians who bought the Losing Libraries domain name, "LJ" launched…

  14. Automated System Marketplace 1995: The Changing Face of Automation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barry, Jeff; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Discusses trends in the automated system marketplace with specific attention to online vendors and their customers: academic, public, school, and special libraries. Presents vendor profiles; tables and charts on computer systems and sales; and sidebars that include a vendor source list and the differing views on procuring an automated library…

  15. Investing in the Future: Automation Marketplace 2009

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Breeding, Marshall

    2009-01-01

    In a year where the general economy presented enormous challenges, libraries continued to make investments in automation, especially in products that help improve what and how they deliver to their end users. Access to electronic content remains a key driver. In response to anticipated needs for new approaches to library automation, many companies…

  16. Suddenly Last Decade! Automation Arrives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Epstein, Susan Baerg

    1983-01-01

    Discusses concerns of librarians entering field of library automation emphasizing issues surrounding automated circulation control systems and online catalogs. Factors which have contributed to dramatic growth in these areas are enumerated: MARC II format, reduced computer costs, commercial vendors, scarce resources, and turnkey systems. (EJS)

  17. Technology & Access: The Electronic Doorway Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Library, Albany. Div. of Library Development.

    Based in part on the work of three task forces, this report presents recommendations from the Phase II Statewide Automation Committee appointed in June 1987 to develop specific steps to implement the 20 recommendations in the library automation plan issued in May 1987, "Libraries and Technology: A Strategic Plan for the Use of Advanced…

  18. Kansas State University Libraries' OCR Labeling Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thierer, Joyce; Bower, Merry

    This publication describes the planning and implementation of an optical character recognition (OCR) labeling project, the first stage of Kansas State University (KSU) Libraries' program of conversion from a manual to an automated circulation system. It is noted that a telephone survey of libraries with automated circulation systems and…

  19. Duke University Library: Marriage of Tradition and Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jenifer, Perry

    1983-01-01

    Profile of introduction of automation at William R. Perkins Library, Duke University, notes library's history; library collections; opinions of staff including director Elvin Strowd; and development and costs of Triangle Library Network, an online catalog involving libraries of Duke, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and North Carolina…

  20. Mining Your Automated System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larsen, Patricia M., Ed.; And Others

    1996-01-01

    Four articles address issues of collecting, compiling, reporting, and interpreting statistics generated by automated library systems for administrative decision making. Topics include using a management information system to forecast growth and assess areas for downsizing; statistics for collection development and analysis; and online system…

  1. Integrating and Interfacing Library Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boss, Richard W.

    1985-01-01

    This overview of local library online systems that integrate several functions covers functional integration, benefits of integrated systems, turnkey systems, minicomputer and microcomputer-based systems, interfacing automated systems, types of interfaces, linking homogenous and heterogeneous systems, role of vendors, library applications, linking…

  2. Montessori and School Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duffy, Michael

    2005-01-01

    This article examines the advantages of using automated media library systems and how to incorporate them in Montessori schools learning environment. Before even addressing the issue of Montessori philosophy and practice, Here, the author first address two principles: availability and accessibility. Availability is the first principle of a…

  3. Library Cooperation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lund, Patricia; And Others

    1993-01-01

    Includes nine articles that discuss cooperative library networking in Illinois. Highlights include library systems as cooperative agencies; PALI (Private Academic Libraries of Illinois); rural school and public library development; systemwide users; regional medical libraries; virtual libraries and the Coalition for Networked Information; a…

  4. Action Plan for Florida's Public Libraries. Addendum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Florida Library Study Commission, Tallahassee.

    The introduction to this addendum (the Action Plan is LI 004 521) discusses the present use by libraries of information-handling technology and identifies some of the trends taking place in performing essential library services. While some limited inroads have been made in automating certain public library functions, the bulk of services is still…

  5. Alabama Public Library Service Annual Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alabama Public Library Service, Montgomery.

    The Alabama Public Library Service (APLS) lists its duties, goals, and recent accomplishments in this 1988 annual report. Some of these duties and goals are: (1) administering grants for library development and state aid; (2) providing consultation for library automation; (3) researching and answering reference questions; (4) lending books from…

  6. Financing the Electronic Library: Models and Options.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waters, Richard L.; Kralisz, Victor Frank

    1981-01-01

    Places the cost considerations associated with public library automation in a framework of public finance comfortable to most administrators, discusses the importance of experience with use patterns in the electronic library in opening up new and innovative financing methods, and stresses the role of the library in the information industry. (JL)

  7. Technostress in Libraries: Causes, Effects and Solutions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bichteler, Julie

    1987-01-01

    Examines some of the fears, frustrations, and misconceptions of library staff and patrons that hamper the effective use of computers in libraries. Strategies that library administrators could use to alleviate stress are outlined, including staff participation in the automation process, well-designed workstations, and adequate training for staff…

  8. The ILS--The Pentagon Library's Experience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mullane, Ruth

    1984-01-01

    Describes implementation of five subsystems of Integrated Library System's (ILS) version 2.1 (minicomputer-based automated library system) at the Pentagon Library: online catalog (search strategies, user acceptance); bibliographic subsystems (cataloging, retrospective conversion); circulation; serials check-in; administrative subsystem (report…

  9. Building a Nationwide Bibliographic Database: The Role of Local Shared Automated Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wetherbee, Louella V.

    1992-01-01

    Discusses the actual and potential impact of local shared automated library systems on the development of a comprehensive nationwide bibliographic database (NBD). Shared local automated systems are described; four local shared automated system models are compared; and the current interface between local shared automated library systems and the NBD…

  10. THE IMPACT OF TECHNOLOGY ON THE LIBRARY BUILDING.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Educational Facilities Labs., Inc., New York, NY.

    LIBRARY PLANNERS SHOULD EXPECT AUTOMATION, MICROFORMS, AND FACSIMILE TRANSMISSION TO MODIFY BUT NOT RADICALLY CHANGE THE LIBRARY AS THE INSTITUTION WE NOW KNOW IT TO BE. CHANGES WILL INVOLVE TRADE-OFFS IN SPACE AND DEMANDS FOR ADDITIONAL SPACE. (MF)

  11. Microcomputers Have a Place in the Small Public Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koenig, Judith

    1983-01-01

    Outline of basic requirements needed to outfit a small public library with microcomputers discusses necessary equipment, cost effectiveness, management information systems, statistics generated, software available, and library procedures to be automated. Fifteen references are cited. (EJS)

  12. Automated software development workstation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1986-01-01

    Engineering software development was automated using an expert system (rule-based) approach. The use of this technology offers benefits not available from current software development and maintenance methodologies. A workstation was built with a library or program data base with methods for browsing the designs stored; a system for graphical specification of designs including a capability for hierarchical refinement and definition in a graphical design system; and an automated code generation capability in FORTRAN. The workstation was then used in a demonstration with examples from an attitude control subsystem design for the space station. Documentation and recommendations are presented.

  13. A comprehensive library-based, automated screening procedure for 46 synthetic cannabinoids in serum employing liquid chromatography-quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometry with high-temperature electrospray ionization.

    PubMed

    Huppertz, Laura M; Kneisel, Stefan; Auwärter, Volker; Kempf, Jürgen

    2014-02-01

    Considering the vast variety of synthetic cannabinoids and herbal mixtures - commonly known as 'Spice' or 'K2' - on the market and the resulting increase of severe intoxications related to their consumption, there is a need in clinical and forensic toxicology for comprehensive up-to-date screening methods. The focus of this project aimed at developing and implementing an automated screening procedure for the detection of synthetic cannabinoids in serum using a liquid chromatography-ion trap-MS (LC-MS(n)) system and a spectra library-based approach, currently including 46 synthetic cannabinoids and 8 isotope labelled analogues. In the process of method development, a high-temperature ESI source (IonBooster(TM), Bruker Daltonik) and its effects on the ionization efficiency of the investigated synthetic cannabinoids were evaluated and compared to a conventional ESI source. Despite their structural diversity, all investigated synthetic cannabinoids benefitted from high-temperature ionization by showing remarkably higher MS intensities compared to conventional ESI. The employed search algorithm matches retention time, MS and MS(2)/MS(3) spectra. With the utilization of the ionBooster source, limits for the automated detection comparable to cut-off values of routine MRM methods were achieved for the majority of analytes. Even compounds not identified when using a conventional ESI source were detected using the ionBooster-source. LODs in serum range from 0.1 ng/ml to 0.5 ng/ml. The use of parent compounds as analytical targets offers the possibility of instantly adding new emerging compounds to the library and immediately applying the updated method to serum samples, allowing the rapid adaptation of the screening method to ongoing forensic or clinical requirements. The presented approach can also be applied to other specimens, such as oral fluid or hair, and herbal mixtures and was successfully applied to authentic serum samples. Quantitative MRM results of samples with

  14. Making the Most of Youth: Rice University Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, James

    1984-01-01

    Discusses the development of a research library at Rice University, whose first and only library building is less than 40 years old, highlighting the founding of the University in 1912, the Fondren Library building, library collections and cooperation, fee-based services, automation and the future, and problems and prospects. (EJS)

  15. The Third Canadian Off Campus Library Services Survey, 1999.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, Chris

    Throughout 1999 and 2000, 234 academic institutions in Canada--66 university libraries and 168 college libraries--were asked to respond to a survey of library services for off campus users. Previous surveys were conducted in 1984 and then again in 1988. It was felt that with the advent of the World Wide Web, increased levels of library automation,…

  16. Skidaway Institute of Oceanography Library and University of Georgia Marine Institute Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turner, Tom A.

    1996-01-01

    Describes two special libraries which operate as branch libraries of the University of Georgia and which deal entirely with marine sciences. Topics include historical background; meeting the information needs of researchers and educators; responsibilities of the librarians; networked resources and library automation; access via the Internet; and…

  17. On the Economics of Library Operation. Final Report Submitted to National Advisory Commission on Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Advisory Commission on Libraries, Washington, DC.

    Both an analysis of the sources of cost trends in libraries and the relationship of the prospective role of automation in library operations to the causes of cost trends and the predicted shortage of trained librarians are examined in the study of the economic structure of the library. Issues investigated are those particularly relating to current…

  18. Automated Microbial Metabolism Laboratory

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1973-01-01

    Development of the automated microbial metabolism laboratory (AMML) concept is reported. The focus of effort of AMML was on the advanced labeled release experiment. Labeled substrates, inhibitors, and temperatures were investigated to establish a comparative biochemical profile. Profiles at three time intervals on soil and pure cultures of bacteria isolated from soil were prepared to establish a complete library. The development of a strategy for the return of a soil sample from Mars is also reported.

  19. Library 2000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drake, Miriam A.

    In fall 1984, the Georgia Institute of Technology administration and library staff began planning for Library 2000, a project aimed at creating a showcase library to demonstrate the application of the latest information technology in an academic and research environment. The purposes of Library 2000 include: increasing awareness of students,…

  20. The Microcomputer in the Library: VI. Implementation and Future Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leggate, Peter; Dyer, Hilary

    1986-01-01

    This sixth article in a series discusses planning for the installation and implementation of automated systems in the library, workstation design and location, scheduling of software implementation, security, data input, staff and reader training, job design, impact of automation on library procedures, evaluation of system performance, and future…

  1. Council On Library Resources, Inc. Seventeenth Annual Report, For the Year Ending June 30, 1973.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council on Library Resources, Inc., Washington, DC.

    This report describes the efforts of the Council on Library Resources to enhance the effectiveness, efficiency, and economy of operations in libraries during 1972-73. It covers 9 major areas: national library services, automation and networks, the academic library, the public library, microform and nonprint media, preservation and library…

  2. Computer Use in Massachusetts Libraries, December 1982.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massachusetts Board of Library Commissioners, Boston.

    In November 1982, questionnaires were sent to 1400 public, secondary school, academic, and special libraries in Massachusetts to determine their use of computers for various activities. Of the 778 respondents, 282 (36.2%) reported automation of some kind and an additional 105 (13.5%) indicated that they were planning some automation within a year.…

  3. Surveying Users of Automated Turnkey Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwarz, Philip

    1983-01-01

    Provides survey questions designed to be used to gather information required in library decision-making process for selection of automated circulation system. User library profile, system profile, hardware and software profiles, interactive workload, service, staff support requirements, educational support, bibliographic/item database, patron…

  4. Impact of Automation on Technical Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rooks, Dana C.; Thompson, Linda L.

    1988-01-01

    Discusses the impact of automation on library technical services, and the need for library managers to be aware of the issues involved and to plan for future developments. The discussion focuses on the areas of job related concerns of technical staff, organizational structures, recruitment and training, and ergonomic considerations. (CLB)

  5. VA Library Service--Today's look at Tomorrow's Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Veterans Administration, Washington, DC.

    The Conference Poceedings are divided into three broad topics: systems planning, audiovisuals in biomedical communication, and automation and networking. Speakers from within the Veterans Administration (VA), from the National Medical Audiovisual Center, and the Lister Hill National Center for Biomedical Communications, National Library of…

  6. Libraries: Leviathanic Vagrants on a "Titanic" Trip

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vagianos, Louis

    1973-01-01

    Libraries today operate on the assumption that they are a necessary and viable social institution with a long life expectancy. However, labor productivity, automation levels, and costs are not in line with todays economic requirements. Competing information services may replace libraries by the turn of the century. (DH)

  7. Library Networking: Current Problems and Future Prospects!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mockus, Laima

    1983-01-01

    Profiles the New England Library Information Network (NELINET), whose purpose is to serve as focal point for achievement of cost effective library automation through shared resources. Origins of NELINET are highlighted as well as NELINET services, including archival tapes, role as OCLC broker network, cost effectiveness, and successful use of new…

  8. Multiple Thesauri in Online Library Bibliographic Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mandel, Carol A.

    This report responds to the need for North American libraries to provide computer support for multiple subject lists or controlled vocabularies as they automate separate catalogs using specialized thesauri for certain subject areas, materials, and audiences in addition to their main library catalogs. The focus of the report is the integration of…

  9. Professional Views: Technology in Public Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greiner, Joy, Ed.

    1990-01-01

    Seven section and committee representatives of the Public Library Association (PLA) describe how technology has affected the activities in their immediate PLA areas, identify trends in technology likely to change the way public libraries do business, and assess staff and patron reactions to automation. (Six references) (CLB)

  10. Parameterizable Library Components for SAW Devices

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wilson, William C.; Atkinson, Gary M.

    2006-01-01

    To facilitate quick fabrication of Surface Acoustic Wave (SAW) sensors we have found it necessary to develop a library of parameterizable components. This library is the first module in our strategy towards a design tool that is integrated into existing Electronic Design Automation (EDA) tools. This library is similar to the standard cell libraries found in digital design packages. The library cells allow the user to input the design parameters which automatically generate a detailed layout of the SAW component. This paper presents the results of our development of parameterizable cells for an InterDigitated Transducer (IDT), reflector, SAW delay line, and both one and two port resonators.

  11. Third Generation Nigerian University Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Agboola, A. T.

    1993-01-01

    Examines the development of Nigerian University libraries and the political factors that created them and continue to effect their development, with a focus on those established between 1980 and 1984. Users, governance, finance, buildings, staffing, collection development, services, cataloging and classification, and automation are described.…

  12. Monograph Arrearages in Research Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Agnew, Grace; And Others

    1985-01-01

    To determine if backlogs of uncataloged monographs still exist and to discover methods of controlling and/or reducing arrearages, a questionnaire was sent to 117 Association of Research Libraries members. Questions were asked concerning arrearage size, storage, arrangement, physical and bibliographic access, and role of automation in reducing or…

  13. Work Enrichment for Academic Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martell, Charles; Untawale, Mercedes

    1983-01-01

    Explores important quality of work life strategy--job redesign--and discusses job enlargement and job enrichment. A case study of academic library personnel demonstrates how introduction of automated systems at University of California, Berkeley led to restructuring and enrichment of jobs. References and list of selected resources are appended.…

  14. Libraries Can Learn from Banks.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawrence, Gail H.

    1983-01-01

    The experiences of banks introducing computerized services to the public are described to provide some idea of what libraries can expect when they introduce online systems. Volume of use of Automated Teller Machines, types of users, introduction of machines, and user acceptance are highlighted. Thirty-two references are cited. (EJS)

  15. Special Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lavendel, Giuliana

    1977-01-01

    Discusses problems involved in maintaining special scientific or engineering libraries, including budget problems, remote storage locations, rental computer retrieval systems, protecting trade secrets, and establishing a magnetic tape library. (MLH)

  16. Use of ICT in College Libraries in Karnataka, India: A Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kumar, B. T. Sampath; Biradar, B. S.

    2010-01-01

    Purpose; The purpose of this paper is to examine the use of information communication technology (ICT) in 31 college libraries in Karnataka, India by investigating the ICT infrastructure, current status of library automation, barriers to implementation of library automation and also librarians' attitudes towards the use of ICT.…

  17. Library Skills.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paul, Karin; Kuhlthau, Carol C.; Branch, Jennifer L.; Solowan, Diane Galloway; Case, Roland; Abilock, Debbie; Eisenberg, Michael B.; Koechlin, Carol; Zwaan, Sandi; Hughes, Sandra; Low, Ann; Litch, Margaret; Lowry, Cindy; Irvine, Linda; Stimson, Margaret; Schlarb, Irene; Wilson, Janet; Warriner, Emily; Parsons, Les; Luongo-Orlando, Katherine; Hamilton, Donald

    2003-01-01

    Includes 19 articles that address issues related to library skills and Canadian school libraries. Topics include information literacy; inquiry learning; critical thinking and electronic research; collaborative inquiry; information skills and the Big 6 approach to problem solving; student use of online databases; library skills; Internet accuracy;…

  18. The Evolution of Automated Reference Services at UTC.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stone, Athena A.; Whitson, Randolph L.

    This review of the evolution of reference services in the library of the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga begins with background information on the university and a brief description of the library's holdings and services. The mission of the library is stated, and it is noted that automation began with internal technical operations in 1983.…

  19. Saga of an RFP for an Automated System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smorch, Tom

    1984-01-01

    Describes preparations involved in writing the 115-page "Request for Proposal for the Acquisition, Installation, and Maintenance of an On-Line Integrated Library System for the Genesee District Library" (Flint, Michigan). Preliminary investigations, American Library Association annual conference input, the Automation Task Force, consultant's role,…

  20. System Migration in ARL Libraries. SPEC Kit 185.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pattie, Ling-yuh W.; Lach, Michael

    This publication reports results of a survey of 83 ARL (Association of Research Libraries) member libraries that examined the decision making process in migration from one automated library system to another. Data are reported on planning; implementation; workflow redesign; and training, publicity, and evaluation. Supplemental materials include:…

  1. The Role of the Library in an Electronic Society.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lancaster, F. Wilfrid, Ed.

    This compilation of papers presented at the sixteenth annual Clinic on Library Applications of Data Processing presents 13 papers on the library within the context of technological developments in publishing and related facets of human communication. Instead of focusing on library automation per se, the contributors have chosen to look at various…

  2. Pica and the Academic Libraries in the Netherlands.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oosterop, Danielle

    1996-01-01

    Describes Pica, an organization in the Netherlands which evolved from the Project for Integrated Catalogue Automation that includes the National Library and all university libraries. Topics include the organizational structure, the shared online cataloging system, interlibrary loan, library networks and database access, and electronic document…

  3. The Public Library Trustee and Changing Community Needs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    The Bookmark, 1987

    1987-01-01

    This issue of "The Bookmark" contains 23 essays examining the challenges facing public library trustees and changing community needs. Topics considered include: the role of the trustee, fund raising, lobbying and the legislative process, library building programs, library automation, literacy, intellectual freedom, information access, preschool…

  4. Building a Library Network from Scratch: Eric & Veronica's Excellent Adventure.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sisler, Eric; Smith, Veronica

    2000-01-01

    Describes library automation issues during the planning and construction of College Hill Library (Colorado), a joint-use facility shared by a community college and a public library. Discuses computer networks; hardware selection; public access to catalogs and electronic resources; classification schemes and bibliographic data; children's…

  5. Library Systems Office Organization. SPEC Kit and SPEC Flyer 211.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muir, Scott P., Comp.

    The roles and responsibilities of the library systems officer continues to change as libraries move beyond the automation of library functions to offering resources in electronic formats and electronic access to information about collections beyond the walls of the home institution. This survey was designed to collect data and document some of the…

  6. Economic Issues in the Networking of Library Technical Support Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gassler, Scott

    To acquaint library administrators with the economic issues of library networking, this guide of the Western Interstate Library Coordinating Organization (WILCO) outlines possible problems of a national technical services network. Market structures such as monopolies and oligopolies can exist among automated services, brokered services, and in the…

  7. Automated liquid-liquid extraction workstation for library synthesis and its use in the parallel and chromatography-free synthesis of 2-alkyl-3-alkyl-4-(3H)-quinazolinones.

    PubMed

    Carpintero, Mercedes; Cifuentes, Marta; Ferritto, Rafael; Haro, Rubén; Toledo, Miguel A

    2007-01-01

    An automated liquid-liquid extraction workstation has been developed. This module processes up to 96 samples in an automated and parallel mode avoiding the time-consuming and intensive sample manipulation during the workup process. To validate the workstation, a highly automated and chromatography-free synthesis of differentially substituted quinazolin-4(3H)-ones with two diversity points has been carried out using isatoic anhydride as starting material. PMID:17645313

  8. Factors Affecting the Full Use of Library and Information Management Systems by Library Personnel

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skretas, Georgios

    2005-01-01

    Purpose: To provide a general list of factors that affects and determines the full use of library information management systems (LIMS) by library staff. Design/methodology/approach: The factors, which were identified mainly during participation in the implementation of automation projects in Greece, are listed and briefly analysed in categories…

  9. Impulse fur Bibliotheken (Impulses for Libraries). Publications of Essen University Library 19.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Helal, Ahmed H., Ed.

    This collection of 12 papers commemorates the retirement of Bernhard Adams. Adams had a 30-year career at the Bochum University Library (Germany) and advocated innovation and automation in libraries. The papers are: (1) "Gemeinsame Wegstrecken: Bernhard Adams zur Ehre" ("Common Milestones: In Honor of Bernhard Adams") (Harro Heim); (2) "Die…

  10. Implementation of the Integrated Library System: University of Maryland Health Sciences Library.

    PubMed

    Feng, C C; Freiburger, G; Knudsen, P C

    1983-07-01

    The Health Sciences Library, University of Maryland, has implemented the Integrated Library System (ILS), a minicomputer-based library automation system developed by the Lister Hill National Center for Biomedical Communications, National Library of Medicine. The process of moving a library from a manual to a computerized system required comprehensive planning and strong commitment by the staff. Implementation activities included hardware and software modification, conversion of manual files, staff training, and system publicity. ILS implementation resulted in major changes in procedures in the circulation, reference, and cataloging departments. PMID:6688748