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Sample records for ligands synthesis structure

  1. Ligand-protected gold clusters: the structure, synthesis and applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pichugina, D. A.; Kuz'menko, N. E.; Shestakov, A. F.

    2015-11-01

    Modern concepts of the structure and properties of atomic gold clusters protected by thiolate, selenolate, phosphine and phenylacetylene ligands are analyzed. Within the framework of the superatom theory, the 'divide and protect' approach and the structure rule, the stability and composition of a cluster are determined by the structure of the cluster core, the type of ligands and the total number of valence electrons. Methods of selective synthesis of gold clusters in solution and on the surface of inorganic composites based, in particular, on the reaction of Aun with RS, RSe, PhC≡C, Hal ligands or functional groups of proteins, on stabilization of clusters in cavities of the α-, β and γ-cyclodextrin molecules (Au15 and Au25) and on anchorage to a support surface (Au25/SiO2, Au20/C, Au10/FeOx) are reviewed. Problems in this field are also discussed. Among the methods for cluster structure prediction, particular attention is given to the theoretical approaches based on the density functional theory (DFT). The structures of a number of synthesized clusters are described using the results obtained by X-ray diffraction analysis and DFT calculations. A possible mechanism of formation of the SR(AuSR)n 'staple' units in the cluster shell is proposed. The structure and properties of bimetallic clusters MxAunLm (M=Pd, Pt, Ag, Cu) are discussed. The Pd or Pt atom is located at the centre of the cluster, whereas Ag and Cu atoms form bimetallic compounds in which the heteroatom is located on the surface of the cluster core or in the 'staple' units. The optical properties, fluorescence and luminescence of ligand-protected gold clusters originate from the quantum effects of the Au atoms in the cluster core and in the oligomeric SR(AuSR)x units in the cluster shell. Homogeneous and heterogeneous reactions catalyzed by atomic gold clusters are discussed in the context of the reaction mechanism and the nature of the active sites. The bibliography includes 345 references.

  2. Synthesis, crystal structures and spectroscopic properties of cobalt(II) complexes with chelating sulfonylamidophosphate ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Znovjyak, Kateryna O.; Seredyuk, Maksym; Kusz, Joachim; Nowak, Maria; Moroz, Olesia V.; Sliva, Tetiana Yu; Amirkhanov, Vladimir M.

    2015-11-01

    Two new cobalt(II) complexes with general formula Co(L1)2Phen (1) and Co(L2)2Phen (2), in which HL1 = dimethyl phenylsulfonylphosphoramidate and HL2 = dimethyl tosylphosphoramidate, were prepared in one-step synthesis and characterized by IR, UV-VIS spectroscopy, TGA-DTA and elemental analysis. Moreover, the single crystal structures of 1 and 2 were determined by single crystal X-ray diffractometry. Complexes consist of mononuclear units comprising two L1-(or L2-) and phenanthroline ligands bidentatly linked to metal ion. The UV-VIS spectra of complexes in the solid state show broad asymmetric band at 530 nm attributed to the d-d transition of the metal ion. Comparing of these spectra with the absorption spectra in acetone, octahedral environment of the cobalt(II) ion in solution were considered. The structural similarity of 1 and 2 leads to a similar thermal decomposition profile.

  3. Synthesis, reaction and structure of a series of chromium(III) complexes containing oxalate ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Xu-Fang; Liu, Li; Ma, Jian-Gong; Yi, Long; Cheng, Peng; Liao, Dai-Zheng; Yan, Shi-Ping; Jiang, Zong-Hui

    2005-08-01

    A series of chromium(III) complexes [Cr(bipy)(HC2O4)2]Cl·3H2O (1), [Cr(phen)(HC2O4)2]Cl·3H2O (2), [Cr(phen)2(C2O4)]ClO4 (3), [Cr2(bipy)4(C2O4)](SO4)·(bipy)0.5·H2O (4) and [Mn(phen)2(H2O)2]2[Cr(phen)(C2O4)2]3ClO4·14H2O (5) were synthesized (bipy=4,4‧-bipyridine, phen=1,10-phenanthroline), while the crystal structures of 1 and 3-5 have been determined by X-ray analysis. 1 and 3 are mononuclear complexes, 4 contains binuclear chromium(III) ions and 5 is a 3D supromolecule formed by complicated hydrogen bonding. 1-3 are potential molecular bricks of chromium(III) building blocks for synthesis heterometallic complexes. When we use these molecular bricks as ligands to react with other metal salts, unexpected complexes 4 and 5 are isolated in water solution. The synthesis conditions and reaction results are also discussed.

  4. Synthesis, structure, photophysical and catalytic properties of CuI-Iodide complexes of di-imine ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mondal, Jahangir; Ghorai, Anupam; Singh, Sunil K.; Saha, Rajat; Patra, Goutam K.

    2016-03-01

    Two new multifunctional CuII based complexes [CuI(L1)] (1) and [Cu2(μ-I)2(L2)] (2) with bidentate N-N donor ligands L1 and imino-pyridyl ligand L2 have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, UV-Vis, NMR and single crystal X-ray crystallography. The bidentate di-imine ligand (L1) forms monomeric CuI complex (1) whereas the bis-bidentate di-imine ligand (L2) favours the formation of dimeric CuI complex (2) in association with two bridging iodides. Structural analysis reveals that in complex 1 each monomeric units are connected by π⋯π and C-H⋯π interactions to form 3D supramolecular structure whereas in complex 2 each molecules are connected by only π⋯π interactions to form 3D supramolecular structure. The photoluminescence properties of the complexes have been studied at room temperature. Theoretical analysis shows that HOMO is focused on the Cu and iodides while LUMO is focused on di-imine ligands and the luminescence behaviour arises due to metal to ligand charge transfer (MLCT) and halide to ligand charge transfer (XLCT). The complexes 1 and 2 are effective catalysts for the synthesis of 2-substituted benzoxazoles.

  5. Synthesis and crystal structure of three mixed-ligand copper(II) complexes with nitrilotriacetic acid

    SciTech Connect

    Polyakova, I. N. Sergienko, V. S.; Poznyak, A. L.

    2006-05-15

    The synthesis and X-ray diffraction study of three Ca[CuX(Nta)] . 2H{sub 2}O complexes, where X = Cl (I) or Br (II and III are the monoclinic and orthorhombic modifications, respectively), are performed. Structures I-III are built of [CuX(Nta)]{sup 2-} anionic complexes and hydrated Ca{sup 2+} cations, which are linked by Ca-O bonds into a three-dimensional framework. In I-III, the coordination of the Cu atom includes the N atom and three O atoms of the tetradentate chelate Nta{sup 3-} ligand and the X{sup -} anion in the trans position with respect to N. The Cu-O bond lengths vary in the ranges 1.971-2.268 A in I, 1.958-2.289 A in II, and 2.040-2.110 A in III. The Cu-X bond lengths are 2.223, 2.364, and 2.354 A in I, II, and III, respectively. In I and II, the coordination polyhedron of the Cu atom is approximated by a distorted square pyramid with an O atom at the apical vertex, whereas in III, the polyhedron is described as a distorted trigonal bipyramid with the N and Br atoms at the axial sites. The structures are additionally stabilized by O(w)-H-O and O(w)-H-X hydrogen bonds.

  6. New divalent manganese complex with pyridine carboxylate N-oxide ligand: Synthesis, structure and magnetic properties

    SciTech Connect

    Liu Fuchen; Xue Min; Wang Haichao; Ouyang Jie

    2010-09-15

    Two new manganese complexes, [Mn{sub 3}(L{sup 1}){sub 4}(NO{sub 3}){sub 2}]{sub n} (1, HL{sup 1}=nicotinate N-oxide acid) and [MnL{sup 2}Cl]{sub n} (2, HL{sup 2}=isonicotinate N-oxide acid)], have been hydrothermally synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. In 1, the L{sup 1} ligands take two different coordinated modes bridging four and three Mn{sup II} ions. The nitrate anions take chelating coordination modes, leading one type of the Mn{sup II} ions as a 4-connected node. The whole net can be viewed as a 3, 4, 6-connected 4-nodal net with Schlaefli notation {l_brace}4{sup 3{r_brace}}2{l_brace}4{sup 4}; 6{sup 2{r_brace}}4{l_brace}4{sup 6}; 6{sup 6}; 8{sup 3{r_brace}}. Complex 2 has a honeycomb layer mixed bridged by chlorine, N-oxide and carboxylate. The adjacent layers are linked by the phenyl ring of L{sup 2} ligand, giving a 3D framework with a {l_brace}3{sup 4}; 5{sup 4{r_brace}} {l_brace}3{sup 2};4;5{sup 6};6{sup 6{r_brace}} 4, 6-connect net. Magnetic studies indicate that 1 is an antiferromagnet with low-dimensional characteristic, in which a -J{sub 1}J{sub 1}J{sub 2}- coupled alternating chain is predigested. Fitting the data of 1 gives the best parameters J{sub 1}=-2.77, J{sub 2}=-0.67 cm{sup -1}. The magnetic properties of complex 2 represent the character of the 2D honeycomb layer with the J{sub 1}=-2.05 and J{sub 2}=0.55 cm{sup -1}, which results in a whole antiferromagnetic state. - Graphical abstract: The synthesis, crystal structure and magnetic properties of two new MnII complexes with pyridyl-carboxylate N-oxide ligands are reported.

  7. Design of HIV-1 Protease Inhibitors with C3-Substituted Hexahydrocyclopentafuranyl Urethanes as P2-Ligands: Synthesis, Biological Evaluation, and Protein-Ligand X-ray Crystal Structure

    SciTech Connect

    Ghosh, Arun K; Chapsal, Bruno D; Parham, Garth L; Steffey, Melinda; Agniswamy, Johnson; Wang, Yuan-Fang; Amano, Masayuki; Weber, Irene T; Mitsuya, Hiroaki

    2011-11-07

    We report the design, synthesis, biological evaluation, and the X-ray crystal structure of a novel inhibitor bound to the HIV-1 protease. Various C3-functionalized cyclopentanyltetrahydrofurans (Cp-THF) were designed to interact with the flap Gly48 carbonyl or amide NH in the S2-subsite of the HIV-1 protease. We investigated the potential of those functionalized ligands in combination with hydroxyethylsulfonamide isosteres. Inhibitor 26 containing a 3-(R)-hydroxyl group on the Cp-THF core displayed the most potent enzyme inhibitory and antiviral activity. Our studies revealed a preference for the 3-(R)-configuration over the corresponding 3-(S)-derivative. Inhibitor 26 exhibited potent activity against a panel of multidrug-resistant HIV-1 variants. A high resolution X-ray structure of 26-bound HIV-1 protease revealed important molecular insight into the ligand-binding site interactions.

  8. Synthesis and structures of four homochiral metal camphorates with auxiliary bipyridine ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, E.; Lian, Ting-Ting; Lin, Shen; Chen, Shu-Mei

    2011-12-01

    Four homochiral metal camphorates with auxiliary bipyridine ligands are hydrothermally synthesized and structurally characterized. The structure of compound [Cd( D-Hcam) 2(bpa)(H 2O)] n ( 1; D-H 2cam = D-(+)-camphoric acid, bpa = 1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)-ethane) presents a rare case where the D-Hcam is not a bridging ligand, but a dangling unit attached to the infinite [Cd(bpa)] chain. Compounds [M 2( D-cam) 2(4,4'-bipy)(H 2O) 4] n (M = Co, 2; M = Cd, 3; 4,4'-bipy = 4,4'-bipyridine) are isostructural and have homochiral [M( D-cam)] n chains linked by the 4,4'-bipy ligands into a honeycomb-like 6 3 layer. Compound [Zn 2( D-cam) 2(PPE) 2] n ( 4, PPE = 1-(4-pyridyl)-2-(2-pyridyl)-ethylene) consists of the grid-like 4 4 layers with the dinuclear Zn 2(COO) 4 units and D-cam ligands, where the PPE ligands are only monodentately coordinated to the dinuclear units and act as the separators between two homochiral layers. The results demonstrate the rich coordination chemistry of the enantiopure D-camphorate ligand and the structural diversity of metal-camphorate compounds.

  9. Synthesis and structural characterization of two half-sandwich nickel(II) complexes with the scorpionate ligands

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, G.-F. E-mail: s-shuwen@163.com; Zhang, X.; Sun, S.-W.; Sun, H.; Ma, H.-X.

    2015-12-15

    The synthesis and characterization of two new halfsandwich mononuclear nickel(II) complexes with the scorpionate ligands, [k{sup 3}-N, N',N''-Tp{sup t-Bu}, {sup Me}NiI] (1) and [k{sup 3}-N,N',N''-Tp{sup t-Bu}, {sup Me}NiNO{sub 3}] (2), are reported. These complexes have been fully characterized by elemental analyses and infrared spectra. Their molecular structures were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. The nickel(II) ion of complex 1 is in a four-coordinate environment, in which the donor atoms are provided by three nitrogen atoms of a hydrotris(pyrazolyl) borate ligand and one iodide atom, while that of complex 2 is in a five-coordinate environment with three nitrogen atoms from a hydrotris(pyrazolyl)borate ligand and two oxygen atoms from a nitrate ion.

  10. Synthesis and structural characterization of two half-sandwich nickel(II) complexes with the scorpionate ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, G.-F.; Zhang, X.; Sun, S.-W.; Sun, H.; Ma, H.-X.

    2015-12-01

    The synthesis and characterization of two new halfsandwich mononuclear nickel(II) complexes with the scorpionate ligands, [ k 3- N, N', N''- Tp t-Bu, Me NiI] ( 1) and [ k 3- N, N', N''- Tp t-Bu, Me NiNO3] ( 2), are reported. These complexes have been fully characterized by elemental analyses and infrared spectra. Their molecular structures were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. The nickel(II) ion of complex 1 is in a four-coordinate environment, in which the donor atoms are provided by three nitrogen atoms of a hydrotris(pyrazolyl) borate ligand and one iodide atom, while that of complex 2 is in a five-coordinate environment with three nitrogen atoms from a hydrotris(pyrazolyl)borate ligand and two oxygen atoms from a nitrate ion.

  11. Dinuclear gold(I) complexes of bridging bidentate carbene ligands: synthesis, structure and spectroscopic characterisation.

    PubMed

    Barnard, Peter J; Baker, Murray V; Berners-Price, Susan J; Skelton, Brian W; White, Allan H

    2004-04-01

    Eight dinuclear Au(i)-carbene complexes have been synthesized from various imidazolium-linked cyclophanes and related acyclic bis(imidazolium) salts, by treatment of the imidazolium salts with [Au(i)(SMe(2))Cl] in the presence of a carboxylate base. Single crystal structural studies showed that the Au(i)-carbene compounds contain dinuclear (AuL)(2) cations in which a pair of gold(i) centres are linked by a pair of bridging dicarbenoid ligands. Interestingly, the structural studies revealed short AuAu contacts of 3.0485(3)[Angstrom] and 3.5425(6)[Angstrom] in two of these complexes. NMR studies showed that the (AuL)(2) cations constructed from the cyclophane-based ligands retain a relatively rigid structure in solution, whilst those of the non-cyclophane ligand systems are fluxional in solution. The electronic absorption and emission spectra of the complexes in solution at room temperature were recorded and the complex with the shortest AuAu contact was found to emit intensely at 400 nm and more weakly at 780 nm upon excitation at 260 nm. The compounds with longer AuAu separations were not emissive under these conditions. PMID:15252682

  12. Synthesis, Structures, and Reactions of Manganese Complexes Containing Diphosphine Ligands With Pendant Amines

    SciTech Connect

    Welch, Kevin D.; Dougherty, William G.; Kassel, W. S.; DuBois, Daniel L.; Bullock, R. Morris

    2010-10-01

    Addition of the pendant amine ligand PNRP (PNRP = Et2PCH2NRCH2PEt2; R = Me, Ph, n-Bu) to Mn(CO)5Br gives fac-Mn(PNRP)(CO)3Br. Photolysis of fac-Mn(PNRP)(CO)3Br with dppm [dppm = 1,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)methane] provides mixed bis(diphosphine) complexes, trans-Mn(PNRP)(dppm)(CO)(Br). Reaction of trans-Mn(PNRP)(dppm)(CO)(Br) with LiAlH4 leads to trans-Mn(PNRP)(dppm)(CO)(H). The crystal structure of trans-Mn(PNMeP)(dppm)(CO)(H) determined by x-ray diffraction shows an unusual distortion of the Mn-H towards one C-H of the dppm ligand, resulting in an H Mn CO angle of 155(1)° and C H • • • H Mn distance of 2.10(3) Å. Mn(P2PhN2Bn)(dppm)(CO)(H) [P2PhN2Bn = 1, 5-diphenyl-3,7-dibenzyl-1,5-diaza-3,7-diphosphacyclooctane] can be prepared in a similar manner; its structure has one chelate ring in a chair conformation and the second in a boat conformation. The boat-conformer ring directs the nitrogen of the ring towards the carbonyl ligand, and the N • • • C distance between one N of the P2PhN2Bn ligand and CO is 3.171(4) Å, indicating a weak interaction between the N of the pendant amine and the CO ligand. Reaction of NaBArF4 (ArF = = 3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl) with Mn(P P)(dppm)(CO)(Br) produces the cations [Mn(P P)(dppm)(CO)]+. The crystal structure of [Mn(PNMeP)(dppm)(CO)][BArF4] shows two very weak agostic interactions between C-H bonds on the phenyl ring and the Mn. The cationic complexes [Mn(P P)(dppm)(CO)]+ react with H2 to form dihydrogen complexes [Mn(H2)(P P)(dppm)(CO)]+ (Keq = 1 - 90 atm-1 in fluorobenzene, for a series of different P P ligands). Similar equilibria with N2 produce [Mn(N2)(P P)(dppm)(CO)]+ (Keq generally 1-3.5 atm-1 in fluorobenzene). This work was supported by the US Department of Energy Basic Energy Sciences' Chemical Sciences, Geosciences & Biosciences Division. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is operated by Battelle for the US Department of Energy.

  13. Designing ancillary ligands for heteroleptic/homoleptic zinc complex formation: synthesis, structures and application in ROP of lactides.

    PubMed

    Jędrzkiewicz, D; Ejfler, J; Gulia, N; John, Ł; Szafert, S

    2015-08-14

    Synthesis and characterization of a series of new amino-phenol/naphthol ligands (L(1,2)-H) have been developed and their respective zinc complexes ( 1 and 2-Zn ) have been synthesized. The molecular structures of L(1)-H and 1, 2-Zn were explored in detail by NMR, single-crystal X-ray studies and DFT calculations, which confirmed the existence of complexes as stabile dimers both in a solution and in the solid state. All complexes mediate the ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of lactide highly efficiently, at room temperature, in a controlled fashion. The influence of the architecture of the ligand on the desired homo/heteroleptic complex formation, as well as the relationship between the initiator design and the catalytic activity have been investigated. PMID:26150026

  14. Synthesis, structure and luminescence properties of lanthanide complex with a new tetrapodal ligand featuring salicylamide arms

    SciTech Connect

    Song Xueqin; Wen Xiaoguang; Liu Weisheng; Wang Daqi

    2010-01-15

    A new tetrapodal ligand 1,1,1-tetrakis{l_brace}[(2'-(2-furfurylaminoformyl))phenoxyl]methyl{r_brace}methane (L) has been prepared and their coordination chemistry with Ln{sup III} ions has been investigated. The structure of {l_brace}[Ln{sub 4}L{sub 3}(NO{sub 3}){sub 12}].H{sub 2}O{r_brace}{sub i}nfinity (Ln=Nd, Eu)] shows the binodal 4,3-connected three-dimensional interpenetration coordination polymers with topology of a (8{sup 6}){sub 3}(8{sup 3}){sub 4} notation. [DyL(NO{sub 3}){sub 3}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}].0.5CH{sub 3}OH and [ErL(NO{sub 3}){sub 3}(H{sub 2}O) (CH{sub 3}OH)].CH{sub 3}COCH{sub 3} is a 1:1 mononuclear complex with interesting supramolecular features. The structure of [NdL(H{sub 2}O){sub 6}].3ClO{sub 4}.3H{sub 2}O is a 2:1 mononuclear complex which further self-assembled through hydrogen bond to form a three-dimensional supramolecular structures. The result presented here indicates that both subtle variation of the terminal group and counter anions can be applied in the modulation of the overall molecular structures of lanthanide complex of salicylamide derivatives due to the structure specialties of this type of ligand. The luminescence properties of the Eu{sup III} complex are also studied in detail. - Grapical Abstract: We present here a series of zero- to three-dimensional lanthanide coordination structures and luminescence properties of Eu(III) complex of a new tetrapodal ligand.

  15. Titanium(IV) catalysts with ancillary imino-spiroketonato ligands: synthesis, structure and olefin polymerization.

    PubMed

    Ma, Yuguo; Lobkovsky, Emil B; Coates, Geoffrey W

    2015-07-21

    New titanium(IV) complexes having two bidentate β-iminoethyl-spiro[4,5]decan-6-onato ligands with various N-aryl substituents have been synthesized. X-ray crystal structure analysis reveals that these titanium complexes all exhibit a C2-symmetric conformation with a distorted octahedral geometry, although the specific orientation of the ligands around the titanium center varies with the identity of the N-aryl moiety. Upon activation with methylaluminoxane (MAO), these complexes catalyze the polymerization of ethylene and propylene. In the case of ethylene, most complexes exhibit the characteristics of a living polymerization between 0 °C and 25 °C, producing polyethylenes with narrow molecular weight distributions and number average molecular weights up to 100,000 g/mol. Depending on the N-aryl substituents, polymerizations of propylene result in products with tacticity ranging from slightly syndiotactic to slightly isotactic. PMID:25984908

  16. Neutral-ligand complexes of bis(imino)pyridine iron: synthesis, structure, and spectroscopy.

    PubMed

    Bart, Suzanne C; Lobkovsky, Emil; Bill, Eckhard; Wieghardt, Karl; Chirik, Paul J

    2007-08-20

    A family of bis(imino)pyridine iron neutral-ligand derivatives, ((iPr)PDI)FeL(n) ((iPr)PDI = 2,6-(2,6-iPr2-C6H3N=CMe)2C6H3N), has been synthesized from the corresponding bis(dinitrogen) complex, ((iPr)PDI)Fe(N2)2. When L is a strong-field ligand such as tBuNC or a chelating alkyl diphosphine such as DEPE (DEPE = 1,2-bis(diethylphosphino)ethane), a five-coordinate, diamagnetic compound results with no spectroscopic evidence for mixing of paramagnetic states. Reducing the field strength of the neutral donor to principally sigma-type ligands such as tBuNH2 or THT (THT = tetrahydrothiophene) also yielded diamagnetic compounds. However, the 1H NMR chemical shifts of the in-plane bis(imino)pyridine hydrogens exhibit a large chemical shift dispersion indicative of temperature-independent paramagnetism (TIP) arising from mixing of an S = 1 excited state via spin-orbit coupling. Metrical data from X-ray diffraction establish bis(imino)pyridine chelate reduction for each structural type, while Mössbauer parameters and NMR spectroscopic data differentiate the spin states of the iron and identify contributions from paramagnetic excited states. PMID:17655227

  17. Synthesis and electronic structure determination of uranium(vi) ligand radical complexes.

    PubMed

    Herasymchuk, Khrystyna; Chiang, Linus; Hayes, Cassandra E; Brown, Matthew L; Ovens, Jeffrey S; Patrick, Brian O; Leznoff, Daniel B; Storr, Tim

    2016-08-01

    Pentagonal bipyramidal uranyl (UO2(2+)) complexes of salen ligands, N,N'-bis(3-tert-butyl-(5R)-salicylidene)-1,2-phenylenediamine, in which R = (t)Bu (1a), OMe (1b), and NMe2 (1c), were prepared and the electronic structure of the one-electron oxidized species [1a-c]+ were investigated in solution. The solid-state structures of 1a and 1b were solved by X-ray crystallography, and in the case of 1b an asymmetric UO2(2+) unit was found due to an intermolecular hydrogen bonding interaction. Electrochemical investigation of 1a-c by cyclic voltammetry showed that each complex exhibited at least one quasi-reversible redox process assigned to the oxidation of the phenolate moieties to phenoxyl radicals. The trend in redox potentials matches the electron-donating ability of the para-phenolate substituents. The electron paramagnetic resonance spectra of cations [1a-c]+ exhibited gav values of 1.997, 1.999, and 1.995, respectively, reflecting the ligand radical character of the oxidized forms, and in addition, spin-orbit coupling to the uranium centre. Chemical oxidation as monitored by ultraviolet-visible-near-infrared (UV-vis-NIR) spectroscopy afforded the one-electron oxidized species. Weak low energy intra-ligand charge transfer (CT) transitions were observed for [1a-c]+ indicating localization of the ligand radical to form a phenolate/phenoxyl radical species. Further analysis using density functional theory (DFT) calculations predicted a localized phenoxyl radical for [1a-c]+ with a small but significant contribution of the phenylenediamine unit to the spin density. Time-dependent DFT (TD-DFT) calculations provided further insight into the nature of the low energy transitions, predicting both phenolate to phenoxyl intervalence charge transfer (IVCT) and phenylenediamine to phenoxyl CT character. Overall, [1a-c]+ are determined to be relatively localized ligand radical complexes, in which localization is enhanced as the electron donating ability of the para

  18. Uranyl Sequestration: Synthesis and Structural Characterization of Uranyl Complexes with a Tetradentate Methylterephthalamide Ligand

    SciTech Connect

    Ni, Chengbao; Shuh, David; Raymond, Kenneth

    2011-03-07

    Uranyl complexes of a bis(methylterephthalamide) ligand (LH{sub 4}) have been synthesized and characterized by X-ray crystallography. The structure is an unexpected [Me{sub 4}N]{sub 8}[L(UO{sub 2})]{sub 4} tetramer, formed via coordination of the two MeTAM units of L to two uranyl moieties. Addition of KOH to the tetramer gave the corresponding monomeric uranyl methoxide species [Me{sub 4}N]K{sub 2}[LUO{sub 2}(OMe)].

  19. Hydrothermal synthesis and structural characterization of metal-organic frameworks based on new tetradentate ligands.

    PubMed

    Liang, Yue; Yuan, Wei-Guan; Zhang, Shu-Fang; He, Zhan; Xue, Junru; Zhang, Xia; Jing, Lin-Hai; Qin, Da-Bin

    2016-01-28

    The hydrothermal reaction of two new tetradentate ligands with different metal salts of cadmium nitrate, zinc chloride, cobalt nitrate and deprotonated terephthalic acid (H2tp), isophthalic acid (H2ip), 4,4'-oxybisbenzoic acid (H2obba) in H2O/DMF or H2O/methanol gave three metal-organic frameworks (MOFs): {[Zn2(L1)(tp)(formate)2]·H2O}n (), {[Cd2(L2)(ip)2]·2H2O}n (), {[Co2(L2)(obba)2]}n () (L1 = 1,2-bis {2,6-bis [(1H-imidazol-1-yl) methyl]-4-methylphenoxy} ethane, L2 = 1,3-bis {2,6-bis [(1H-imidazol-1-yl) methyl]-4-methylphenoxy} propane). The structures of the frameworks are established by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Compound is a three-dimensional (3D) framework with a 2-fold interpenetrated form, which exhibits a 2-nodal (3,4)-connected fsh-3,4-P21/c net with a {8(3)}2{8(5)·10} topology. Compound has a 2-nodal (4,8)-connected 3D framework where the dinuclear cadmium cluster secondary building units (SBUs) assemble with isophthalate and ligand L2 to construct a rare topological type sqc22 net with a {3(2)·5(4)}{3(4)·4(4)·5(10)·6(10)} topology. Whereas, Compound can be extended to a 2D interlocked (4,4)-connected 4,4 L28 net with the point symbol {4·6(4)·8}2{4(2)·6(4)}. L1 and L2 are tetradentate ligands with diverse linkers and display different coordination modes. In addition, the thermal stability and photochemical properties of the frameworks are also investigated. PMID:26674324

  20. Metal dicyanamide layered coordination polymers with cyanopyridine co-ligands: Synthesis, crystal structures and magnetism

    SciTech Connect

    Du Miao . E-mail: dumiao@public.tpt.tj.cn; Wang Qian; Wang Ying; Zhao Xiaojun; Ribas, Joan

    2006-12-15

    A series of metal dicyanamide (dca) coordination polymers combined with cyanopyridine (cypy) terminal co-ligands, namely, [Co{sub 2}(dca){sub 4}(4-cypy){sub 4}] {sub n} (1), [Cd(dca){sub 2}(4-cypy){sub 2}] {sub n} (2), [Fe(dca){sub 2}(3-cypy){sub 2}] {sub n} (3) and [Co(dca){sub 2}(3-cypy){sub 2}] {sub n} (4), have been synthesized at the ambient conditions. X-ray single crystal diffraction reveals that complexes 1-4 have similar metal-dca coordination layers in which the octahedral metal centers are connected by {mu} {sub 1,5}-dca linkers. Notably, three types of 3-D packing lattices are observed for these layered arrays. The thermal stabilities of such new crystalline materials have been studied by thermogravimetric analysis of mass loss. The magnetic properties of the Co{sup II} and Fe{sup II} complexes have been investigated and discussed in detail. A discrete mononuclear molecule [Cd(dca){sub 2}(pyom){sub 2}] (5) is also described, in which the chelated ligand O-methyl picolinimidate (pyom) arises from the addition of methanol solvent across the C{identical_to}N bond of 2-cypy. - Graphical abstract: A series of new metal dicyanamide complexes with cyanopyridine terminal co-ligands have been prepared and structurally determined by X-ray single-crystal diffraction. The magnetic properties of the Co{sup II} and Fe{sup II} layered coordination polymers are also discussed.

  1. Synthesis and Structure Determination of a New Au20 Nanocluster Protected by Tripodal Tetraphosphine Ligands

    SciTech Connect

    Chen, Jing; Zhang, Qianfan; Williard, Paul G.; Wang, Lai-Sheng

    2014-03-31

    We report the synthesis and structure determination of a new Au20 nanocluster coordinated by four tripodal tetraphosphine (PP3) ligands {PP3 = tris[2-(diphenylphosphino)ethyl]phosphine}. Single-crystal Xray crystallography and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry show that the cluster assembly can be formulated as [Au20(PP3)4]Cl4. The Au20 cluster consists of an icosahedral Au13 core and a seven-Au-atom partial outer shell arranged in a local C3 symmetry. One PP3 ligand coordinates to four Au atoms in the outer shell, while the other three PP3 ligands coordinate to one Au atom from the outer shell and three Au atoms from the surface of the Au13 core, giving rise to an overall chiral 16-electron Au cluster core with C3 symmetry.

  2. Probing Lipophilic Adamantyl Group as the P1-Ligand for HIV-1 Protease Inhibitors: Design, Synthesis, Protein X-ray Structural Studies, and Biological Evaluation.

    PubMed

    Ghosh, Arun K; Osswald, Heather L; Glauninger, Kristof; Agniswamy, Johnson; Wang, Yuan-Fang; Hayashi, Hironori; Aoki, Manabu; Weber, Irene T; Mitsuya, Hiroaki

    2016-07-28

    A series of potent HIV-1 protease inhibitors with a lipophilic adamantyl P1 ligand have been designed, synthesized, and evaluated. We have developed an enantioselective synthesis of adamantane-derived hydroxyethylamine isosteres utilizing Sharpless asymmetric epoxidation as the key step. Various inhibitors incorporating P1-adamantylmethyl in combination with P2 ligands such as 3-(R)-THF, 3-(S)-THF, bis-THF, and THF-THP were examined. The S1' pocket was also probed with phenyl and phenylmethyl ligands. Inhibitor 15d, with an isobutyl P1' ligand and a bis-THF P2 ligand, proved to be the most potent of the series. The cLogP value of inhibitor 15d is improved compared to inhibitor 2 with a phenylmethyl P1-ligand. X-ray structural studies of 15d, 15h, and 15i with HIV-1 protease complexes revealed molecular insight into the inhibitor-protein interaction. PMID:27389367

  3. Synthesis, Crystal structure, and Hirshfeld Surface Analysis of a New Mixed Ligand Copper(II) Complex.

    PubMed

    Shit, Shyamapada; Marschner, Christoph; Mitra, Samiran

    2016-01-01

    A new mixed ligand copper(II) complex, [Cu(2,4-pydc)(pic)(H(2)O)]∙H(2)O (1) (where 2,4-pydc = pyridine-2,4-dicarboxylate, pic = 2-picolylamine) has been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR and UV-Vis spectroscopic and thermogravimetric methods. Single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis reveals that copper(II) atom in the title complex adopts distorted square pyramidal geometry. Structural characterization also reveals that interplay of O-H···O, N-H···O, C-H···O, and C-H···π interactions between lattice and coordinated water and ligands significantly contribute to the crystal packing leading to the formation and strengthening of three dimensional supramolecular assembly. Hirshfeld surface analysis employing 3D molecular surface contours and 2D fingerprint plots have been used to analyze intermolecular interactions present in the solid state of the crystal. PMID:26970797

  4. Synthesis, NMR spectral and structural studies on mixed ligand complexes of Pd(II) dithiocarbamates: First structural report on palladium(II) dithiocarbamate with SCN-ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Prakasam, Balasubramaniam Arul; Lahtinen, Manu; Peuronen, Anssi; Muruganandham, Manickavachagam; Kolehmainen, Erkki; Haapaniemi, Esa; Sillanpää, Mika

    2016-03-01

    Three new mixed ligand complexes of palladium(II) dithiocarbamates; [Pd(4-dpmpzdtc)(PPh3)(SCN)] (1), [Pd(4-dpmpzdtc)(PPh3)Cl] (2) and [Pd(bzbudtc)(PPh3)Cl] (3), (where, 4-dpmpzdtc = 4-(diphenylmethyl)piperazinecarbodithioato anion, bzbudtc = N-benzyl-N-butyldithiocarbamato anion and PPh3 = triphenylphosphine) have been synthesized from their respective parent dithiocarbamates by ligand exchange reactions and characterized by IR and NMR (1H, 13C and 31P) spectroscopy. IR and NMR spectral data support the isobidentate coordination of the dithiocarbamate ligands in all complexes (1-3) in solid and in solution, respectively. Single crystal diffraction analysis of complexes 1-3 evidences that all three complexes are exhibiting distorted square planar geometry. The Pd-S distances in 1-3 vary in accordance with the differences in trans influences of PPh3, SCN- and Cl- and it is in the order of PPh3 > SCN- > and Cl-. Interchange of the anionic auxiliary ligand (SCN- to Cl-) induces asymmetry to the dithiocarbamate-metal bonds. Thioureide C-N bond distances are short in 1-3, supporting a contribution of thioureide form to the structures. The observed distortions in the square planar geometry for 1-3, are in the order of 1 > 2 > 3.

  5. Metal-organic coordination architectures of azole heterocycle ligands bearing acetic acid groups: Synthesis, structure and magnetic properties

    SciTech Connect

    Hu Bowen; Zhao Jiongpeng; Yang Qian; Hu Tongliang; Du Wenping; Bu Xianhe

    2009-10-15

    Four new coordination complexes with azole heterocycle ligands bearing acetic acid groups, [Co(L{sup 1}){sub 2}]{sub n} (1), [CuL{sup 1}N{sub 3}]{sub n} (2), [Cu(L{sup 2}){sub 2}.0.5C{sub 2}H{sub 5}OH.H{sub 2}O]{sub n} (3) and [Co(L{sup 2}){sub 2}]{sub n} (4) (here, HL{sup 1}=1H-imidazole-1-yl-acetic acid, HL{sup 2}=1H-benzimidazole-1-yl-acetic acid) have been synthesized and structurally characterized. Single-crystal structure analysis shows that 3 and 4 are 2D complexes with 4{sup 4}-sql topologies, while another 2D complex 1 has a (4{sup 3}){sub 2}(4{sup 6})-kgd topology. And 2 is a 3D complex composed dinuclear mu{sub 1,1}-bridging azido Cu{sup II} entities with distorted rutile topology. The magnetic properties of 1 and 2 have been studied. - Graphical Abstract: The synthesis, crystal structure, and magnetic properties of the new coordination complexes with azole heterocycle ligands bearing acetic acid groups are reported.

  6. Synthesis, X-ray crystal structures and catecholase activity investigation of new chalcone ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thabti, Salima; Djedouani, Amel; Rahmouni, Samra; Touzani, Rachid; Bendaas, Abderrahmen; Mousser, Hénia; Mousser, Abdelhamid

    2015-12-01

    The reaction of dehydroacetic acid DHA carboxaldehyde and RCHO derivatives (R = quinoleine-8-; indole-3-; pyrrol-2- and 4-(dimethylamino)phenyl - afforded four new chalcone ligands (4-hydroxy-6-methyl-3-[(2E)-3-quinolin-8-ylprop-2-enoyl]-2H-pyran-2-one) L1, (4-hydroxy-3-[(2E)-3-(1H-indol-3-yl)prop-2-enoyl]-6-methyl-2H-pyran-2-one) L2, (4-hydroxy-6-methyl-3-[(2E)-3-(1H-pyrrol-2-yl)prop-2-enoyl]-2H-pyran-2-one) L3, and (3-{(2E)-3-[4-(dimethylamino)phenyl]prop-2-enoyl}-4-hydroxy-6-methyl-2H-pyran-2-one) L4. L3 and L4 were characterized by X-ray crystallography. Molecules crystallize with four and two molecules in the asymmetric unit, respectively and adopt an E conformation about the Cdbnd C bond. Both structures are stabilized by an extended network O-H … O. Furthermore, N-H … O and C-H … O hydrogen bonds are observed in L3 and L4 structures, respectively. The in situ generated copper (II) complexes of the four compounds L1, L2, L3 and L4 were examined for their catalytic activities and were found to catalyze the oxidation reaction of catechol to o-quinone under atmospheric dioxygen. The rates of this oxidation depend on three parameters: ligand, ion salts and solvent nature and the combination L2[Cu (CH3COO)2] leads to the faster catalytic process.

  7. Bis-cyclometalated iridium(III) complexes bearing ancillary guanidinate ligands. Synthesis, structure, and highly efficient electroluminescence.

    PubMed

    Rai, Virendra Kumar; Nishiura, Masayoshi; Takimoto, Masanori; Zhao, Shanshan; Liu, Yu; Hou, Zhaomin

    2012-01-16

    We report the synthesis, structure, and photophysical and electroluminescent (EL) properties of a series of heteroleptic bis(pyridylphenyl)iridium(III) complexes with various ancillary guanidinate ligands. The reaction of the bis(pyridylphenyl)iridium(III) chloride [(ppy)(2)Ir(μ-Cl)](2) with the lithium salt of various guanidine ligands Li{(N(i)Pr)(2)C(NR(1)R(2))} at 80 °C gave in 60-80% yield the corresponding heteroleptic bis(pyridylphenyl)/guanidinate iridium(III) complexes having a general formula of [(ppy)(2)Ir{(N(i)Pr)(2)C(NR(1)R(2))}], where NR(1)R(2) = NPh(2) (1), N(C(6)H(4)(t)Bu-4)(2) (2), carbazolyl (3), 3,6-bis(tert-butyl)carbazolyl (4), N(C(6)H(4))(2)S (5), N(C(6)H(4))(2)O (6), indolyl (7), NEt(2) (8), N(i)Pr(2) (9), N(i)Bu(2) (10), and N(SiMe(3))(2) (11). These heteroleptic cyclometalated (C^N) iridium(III) complexes showed intense absorption bands in the UV region assignable to π-π* transitions and weaker metal-to-ligand charge-transfer transitions extending to the visible region. These complexes also showed intense emissions at room temperature. Their photoluminescence spectra were influenced to some extent by the ancillary guanidinate ligands, giving λ(max) values in the range of 528-560 nm with quantum yields (Φ) of 0.16-0.37 and lifetimes of 0.61-1.43 μs. Organic light-emitting diodes were fabricated by the use of these complexes as dopants in various concentrations (5-100%) in a N,N'-dicarbazolylbiphenyl host. High current efficiency (η(c); up to 137.4 cd/A) and power efficiency (η(p); up to 45.7 lm/W) were observed under appropriate conditions. Their high EL efficiency may result from efficient trapping and radiative relaxation of the excitons formed in the EL process. Because of the steric hindrance of the guanidinate ligands, no significant intermolecular interaction was observed in these complexes, thus leading to the reduction of self-quenching and triplet-triplet annihilation at high currents. The EL emission color could be changed

  8. Copper(I) cyanide networks: synthesis, structure, and luminescence behavior. Part 2. Piperazine ligands and hexamethylenetetramine.

    PubMed

    Lim, Mi Jung; Murray, Courtney A; Tronic, Tristan A; deKrafft, Kathryn E; Ley, Amanda N; deButts, Jordan C; Pike, Robert D; Lu, Haiyan; Patterson, Howard H

    2008-08-01

    A variety of photoluminescent, and in some cases thermochromic, metal-organic networks of CuCN were self-assembled in aqueous reactions with amine ligands: (CuCN) 2(Pip) ( 1a), (CuCN) 20(Pip) 7 ( 1b), (CuCN) 7(MePip) 2 ( 2), (CuCN) 2(Me 2Pip) ( 3a), (CuCN) 4(Me 2Pip) ( 3b), (CuCN) 7(EtPip) 2 ( 4), (CuCN) 4(Et 2Pip) ( 5), (CuCN) 3(BzPip) 2 ( 6a), (CuCN) 5(BzPip) 2 ( 6b), (CuCN) 7(BzPip) 2 ( 6c), (CuCN) 4(BzPip) ( 6d), (CuCN) 2(Bz 2Pip) ( 7), (CuCN)(Ph 2CHPip) ( 8a), (CuCN) 2(Ph 2CHPip) ( 8b), (CuCN) 3(HMTA) 2 ( 9a), (CuCN) 5(HMTA) 2 ( 9b), and (CuCN) 5(HMTA) ( 9c) (Pip = piperazine, MePip = N-methylpiperazine, Me 2Pip = N, N'-dimethylpiperazine, EtPip = N-ethylpiperazine, Et 2Pip = N, N'-diethylpiperazine, BzPip = N-benzylpiperazine, Bz 2Pip = N, N'-dibenzylpiperazine, Ph 2CHPip = N-(diphenylmethyl)piperazine, and HMTA = hexamethylenetetramine). New X-ray structures are reported for 1b, 2, 3b, 4, 5, 6a, 6d, 7, 8b, 9b, and 9c. An important structural theme is the formation of (6,3) (CuCN) 2(piperazine) sheets with or without threading of independent CuCN chains. Strong luminescence at ambient temperature is observed for all but complexes 6 and 7. All luminescent compounds show a broad emission band in the blue region at about 450 nm attributable to metal-to-ligand charge transfer behavior based on the large Stokes shift between excitation and emission maxima. 3, 8, and 9 are thermochromic due to an additional lower energy emission band, which is absent at 77 K. PMID:18597424

  9. Discrete polynuclear manganese(ii) complexes with thiacalixarene ligands: synthesis, structures and photophysical properties.

    PubMed

    Suffren, Yan; O'Toole, Niall; Hauser, Andreas; Jeanneau, Erwann; Brioude, Arnaud; Desroches, Cédric

    2015-05-01

    The synthesis, crystal structure and photophysical properties of the new compound [Mn4(ThiaSO2)2F][K(18-crown-6)], ThiaSO2 = p-tert-butylsulphonylcalix[4]arene, are presented and compared to the ones of [Mn4(ThiaSO2)2F]K. The strong orange luminescence is attributed to the Mn(2+) centred (4)T1→(6)A1 transition. Its temperature and pressure dependence and quenching by molecular dioxygen are reported. The latter is attributed to energy transfer from the (4)T1 state exciting dioxygen to its (1)∑(+)g state. In the solid state, the quenching is much more efficient in [Mn4(ThiaSO2)2F][K(18-crown-6)] than in [Mn4(ThiaSO2)2F]K. This is attributed to the open pore structure of the former allowing fast diffusion of dioxygen into the crystal lattice. PMID:25825820

  10. Synthesis and structural evaluation of five coordination complexes of benzenepentacarboxylic acid with aza-donor ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shimpi, Manishkumar R.; Biswas, Sharmita Nandy; Sarkar, Sohini; Pedireddi, V. R.

    2016-06-01

    Synthesis and structural features of five new coordination assemblies, [Co(bpyH)(H2O)5](BPCH)·(bpyH2)0.5·(H2O) (1a), [{Cu(H2O)3}·{Cu0.5(bpy)0.5(H2O)0.5}2(μ-BPCH)] (1b), [{Cd0.5(BPCH)}2·{Cd0.5(bpy)(H2O)2}2]·6(H2O) (1c), [Cu(BPCH2)(bpyeaH)]·2(H2O) (1d) and [Cd2 (bpyea)0.5(oxalate)0.5(μ-BPC) (H2O)]·(bpyeaH2)·2(H2O) (1e), have been reported. All the assemblies were prepared by co-crystallization of benzenepentacarboxylic acid (BPCH5) either with 4,4‧-bipyridine (bpy) or 1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethane (bpyea) in the presence of a transition metal ion (either Co(II), Cu(II) or Cd(II)) as the case may be. All the five compounds were synthesized by hydrothermal method and structures were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. All the obtained compounds, 1a-1e, exhibit distinct 3-D polymeric architectures either in the form of stacked layers or host-guest networks in which water molecules play a pivotal role providing additional stabilization by coordinate bonds as well as hydrogen bonds. Other non-covalent interactions such as C-H … π and π … π stacking also participate in the formation of exotic 3-D structures of these complexes.

  11. Synthesis of ligands containing N-oxide donor atoms and their assembly into metallosupramolecular structures.

    PubMed

    Bullock, Samantha J; Harding, Lindsay P; Moore, Michelle P; Mills, Andrew; Piela, Sean A F; Rice, Craig R; Towns-Andrews, Liz; Whitehead, Martina

    2013-04-28

    A series of ligands that contain both N-donor and N-oxide donor atoms have been synthesised and ligands L5, L6, L7 and L8 contain, 4, 6, 5, and 6 donor atoms respectively. The smallest ligand L5 forms a mononuclear complex with Cu2+ ([Cu(L5)(ClO4)2(MeCN)]) whereas L6 and L7 form dinuclear double helicates with Ni2+ and Cu2+ respectively ([Ni2(L6)2]4+ and [Cu2(L7)2]4+). L8 forms a tetranuclear cyclic helicate upon reaction with Co2+ ([Co4(L8)4]8+) and in all cases the complexes are characterised by single-crystal X-ray diffraction and ESI-MS. The N-oxide units imparts flexibility in the ligand strand and where the unoxidised ligand strand forms a cyclic helicate, the incorporation of an N-oxide unit allows the formation of the dinuclear double helicate. PMID:23462743

  12. Iron complexes of a bidentate picolyl-NHC ligand: synthesis, structure and reactivity.

    PubMed

    Liang, Qiuming; Janes, Trevor; Gjergji, Xhoana; Song, Datong

    2016-09-21

    The synthesis, structure and reactivity of bidentate picolyl N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) iron compounds were studied. Compounds [FeBr(HL)2]Br (1), [FeBr(HL)(HMDS)] (2) and [FeBr2(HL)] (3) (HL = 1-mesityl-3-(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)imidazol-1-ylidene, HMDS = hexamethyldisilazide) were prepared from H2LBr with suitable amounts of Fe(HMDS)2 or in situ prepared [Fe(HMDS)Br]. The deprotonation of 1 with 2 eq. of LiHMDS gave [FeL2] (4), featuring dearomatized pyridine moieties with exocyclic C-C double bonds. The protonation of 4 with 2 eq. of PPh3·HBr results in the formation of 1. Attempted deprotonation of 3 using benzyl Grignard as the base resulted in transmetalation products [FeBnBr(HL)] (5) and [FeBn2(HL)] (6). Exposure of 6 to CO resulted in the formation of diamagnetic compound [Fe(CO)3(HL)] (7) and dibenzyl ketone. Prolonged exposure of 7 to CO with heating induces pyridine dissociation, affording [Fe(CO)4(HL-κC)] (8). Treatment of compound 6 with an equimolar amount of p-methoxybenzyl bromide yielded homo- and cross-coupling products. PMID:27513216

  13. Bivalent transition metal complexes of ONO donor hydrazone ligand: Synthesis, structural characterization and antimicrobial activity.

    PubMed

    Bhaskar, Ravindra; Salunkhe, Nilesh; Yaul, Amit; Aswar, Anand

    2015-12-01

    Mononuclear transition metal complexes of Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II) with a new hydrazone ligand derived from pyrazine-2-carbohydrazide and 2-hydroxyacetophenone have been synthesized. The isolated complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, spectral and analytical methods including elemental analyses, IR, diffuse reflectance, (1)H-NMR, mass spectra, molar conductance, magnetic moment, ESR, XRD, TG and SEM analysis. From the elemental analyses data, the stoichiometry of the complexes was found to be 1:1 (metal:ligand) having the general formulae [M(HL)(Cl)(H2O)2], [M=Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II)] and [M(L)(H2O)], [M=Zn(II) and Cd(II)]. The molar conductance values indicate the nonelectrolytic nature of metal complexes. The IR spectral data suggest that the ligand behaves as tridentate moiety with ONO donor atoms sequence towards central metal ion. The Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes have been assigned a monomeric octahedral geometry whereas tetrahedral to Zn(II) and Cd(II) complexes. The antibacterial and antifungal activities of the ligand and its metal complexes were studied against bacterial species Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Enterococcus faecalis and Streptococcus pyogenes and fungi Candida albicans, Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus clavatus. The activity data show that the metal complexes have a promising biological activity comparable with the parent ligand against all bacterial and fungal species. PMID:26163785

  14. Synthesis, structures and reactivity of ruthenium nitrosyl complexes containing Kläui's oxygen tripodal ligand.

    PubMed

    Ip, Ho-Fai; Yi, Xiao-Yi; Wong, Wai-Yeung; Williams, Ian D; Leung, Wa-Hung

    2011-11-01

    Ruthenium nitrosyl complexes containing the Kläui's oxgyen tripodal ligand L(OEt)(-) ([CpCo{P(O)(OEt)(2)}(3)](-) where Cp = η(5)-C(5)H(5)) were synthesized and their photolysis studied. The treatment of [Ru(N^N)(NO)Cl(3)] with [AgL(OEt)] and Ag(OTf) afforded [L(OEt)Ru(N^N)(NO)][OTf](2) where N^N = 4,4'-di-tert-butyl-2,2'-bipyridyl (dtbpy) (2·[OTf](2)), 2,2'-bipyridyl (bpy) (3·[OTf](2)), N,N,N'N'-tetramethylethylenediamine (4·[OTf](2)). Anion metathesis of 3·[OTf](2) with HPF(6) and HBF(4) gave 3·[PF(6)](2) and 3·[BF(4)](2), respectively. Similarly, the PF(6)(-) salt 4·[PF(6)](2) was prepared by the reaction of 4·[OTf](2) with HPF(6). The irradiation of [L(OEt)Ru(NO)Cl(2)] (1) with UV light in CH(2)Cl(2)-MeCN and tetrahydrofuran (thf)-H(2)O afforded [L(OEt)RuCl(2)(MeCN)] (5) and the chloro-bridged dimer [L(OEt)RuCl](2)(μ-Cl)(2) (6), respectively. The photolysis of complex [2][OTf](2) in MeCN gave [L(OEt)Ru(dtbpy)(MeCN)][OTf](2) (7). Refluxing complex 5 with RNH(2) in thf gave [L(OEt)RuCl(2)(NH(2)R)] (R = tBu (8), p-tol (9), Ph (10)). The oxidation of complex 6 with PhICl(2) gave [L(OEt)RuCl(3)] (11), whereas the reduction of complex 6 with Zn and NH(4)PF(6) in MeCN yielded [L(OEt)Ru(MeCN)(3)][PF(6)] (12). The reaction of 3·[BF(4)](2) with benzylamine afforded the μ-dinitrogen complex [{L(OEt)Ru(bpy)}(2)(μ-N(2))][BF(4)](2) (13) that was oxidized by [Cp(2)Fe]PF(6) to a mixed valence Ru(II,III) species. The formal potentials of the RuL(OEt) complexes have been determined by cyclic voltammetry. The structures of complexes 5,6,10,11 and 13 have been established by X-ray crystallography. PMID:21927766

  15. Lanthanide-directed synthesis of luminescent self-assembly supramolecular structures and mechanically bonded systems from acyclic coordinating organic ligands.

    PubMed

    Barry, Dawn E; Caffrey, David F; Gunnlaugsson, Thorfinnur

    2016-06-01

    Herein some examples of the use of lanthanide ions (f-metal ions) to direct the synthesis of luminescent self-assembly systems (architectures) will be discussed. This area of lanthanide supramolecular chemistry is fast growing, thanks to the unique physical (magnetic and luminescent) and coordination properties of the lanthanides, which are often transferred to the resulting supermolecule. The emphasis herein will be on systems that are luminescent, and hence, generated by using either visibly emitting ions (such as Eu(III), Tb(III) and Sm(III)) or near infrared emitting ions (like Nd(III), Yb(III) and Er(III)), formed through the use of templating chemistry, by employing structurally simple ligands, possessing oxygen and nitrogen coordinating moieties. As the lanthanides have high coordination requirements, their use often allows for the formation of coordination compounds and supramolecular systems such as bundles, grids, helicates and interlocked molecules that are not synthetically accessible through the use of other commonly used templating ions such as transition metal ions. Hence, the use of the rare-earth metal ions can lead to the formation of unique and stable species in both solution and in the solid state, as well as functional and responsive structures. PMID:27137947

  16. Synthesis, crystal structure and photoluminescence property of Eu/Tb MOFs with mixed polycarboxylate ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Lu; Zhang, Sheng; Qu, Xiaoni; Yang, Qi; Liu, Xiangyu; Wei, Qing; Xie, Gang; Chen, Sanping

    2015-11-01

    Lanthanide MOFs, [Eu(TCA)(NDC)·H2O]n (1) and [Tb(TCA)(NDC)·H2O]n (2), have been prepared with the mixed aromatic carboxylate ligands, namely, 4,4‧,4″-tricarboxytriphenylamine (H3TCA) and 1,4-naphthalenedicarboxylate (H2NDC). Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis reveals that isomorphic 1 and 2 present pillar-layered 3D framework that Eu/Tb(III) bond with carboxylate in various coordination fashions. Optical investigation indicates that the as-prepared compounds feature characteristic luminescence emission bands of Eu/Tb ions in the visible regions at room temperature. Moreover, compound 2 shows a relatively longer luminescence lifetime (τ=0.342 ms) and significantly enhanced quantum yield (Φoverall=11%) comparing with those of 1 (τ=0.335 ms, Φoverall=0.06%). Two Ln-MOFs (Ln=EuIII, TbIII) with mixed polycarboxylate ligands present different luminescent properties.

  17. Phenoxy-bridged binuclear Zn(II) complex holding salen ligand: Synthesis and structural characterization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Azam, Mohammad; Al-Resayes, Saud I.

    2016-03-01

    A novel binuclear phenoxo-bridged zinc complex obtained from the interaction of ligand, 2,2-(1E,1E)-(2,2-dimethylpropane-1,3-diyl)bis(azanylylidene) bis(methanylylidene)diphenol with zinc chloride is reported. The synthesized and isolated zinc complex has been characterized by FT-IR, 1H- and 13C- NMR, ESI-MS, TGA/DTA and single crystal X-ray diffraction studies. The phenoxo-bridge in this binuclear Zn(II) complex is due to the phenolic oxygen of the salen liagnd. The complex crystallizes in monoclinic P-1 space group, and different geometry has been assigned for both zinc ions in the complex.

  18. Synthesis, characterization, X-ray structure and photoluminescence properties of two Ce(III) complexes derived from pentadentate ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Köse, Muhammet; Akgün, Eyup; Ceyhan, Gökhan

    2015-12-01

    In this study, two new Ce(III) complexes [Ce(L1)(NO3)3]•H2O and [Ce(L2)(NO3)3]•H2O were synthesized and characterized by spectroscopic and analytical methods where L1 and L2 are pentadentate diimine ligands. Molecular structure of [Ce(L1)(NO3)3]•H2O was determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction study. The complex was found to crystallize as [Ce(L1)(NO3)3] H2O. In the complex, the ligand L1 coordinates to the Ce(III) ion with the N3O2 donor set and the Ce(III) ion sits within the cavity of acyclic ligand. The Ce(III) ion is 11-coordinated by three nitrogen atoms from the ligand and eight O atoms, six of which come from three nitrate ions, two from the ligand. In the structure of the complex, water molecules link molecules together to form a 3D hydrogen bond network. Thermal behavior of the Schiff base ligands and their Ce(III) complexes metal complexes were studied under nitrogen atmosphere in the temperature range of 20-800 °C. Thermal stability of the ligands increased upon complexation with Ce(III) ion. In the UV-Vis spectra of Ce(III) complexes, new absorption bands appeared at 340-450 nm and these new bands were attributed to metal-ligand (M-L) charge transitions. Photoluminescence properties of the ligands and their Ce(III) complexes were examined.

  19. Synthesis, crystal structure and luminescence properties of lanthanide coordination polymers with a new semirigid bridging thenylsalicylamide ligand

    SciTech Connect

    Song, Xue-Qin Wang, Li; Zhao, Meng-Meng; Wang, Xiao-Run; Peng, Yun-Qiao; Cheng, Guo-Quan

    2013-09-15

    Two new lanthanide coordination polymers based on a semirigid bridging thenylsalicylamide ligand ([Ln{sub 2}L{sub 3}(NO{sub 3}){sub 6}]·(C{sub 4}H{sub 8}O{sub 2}){sub 2}){sub ∞} were obtained and characterized by elemental analysis, X-ray diffraction, IR and TGA measurements. The two compounds are isostructure and possess one dimensional trapezoid ladder-like chain built up from the connection of isolated LnO{sub 3}(NO{sub 3}){sub 3} polyhedra (distorted monocapped antisquare prism) through the ligand. The photoluminescence analysis suggest that there is an efficient ligand-to-Ln(III) energy transfer in Tb(III) complex and the ligand is an efficient “antenna” for Tb(III). From a more general perspective, the results demonstrated herein provide the possibility of controlling the formation of the desired lanthanide coordination structure to enrich the crystal engineering strategy and enlarge the arsenal for developing excellent luminescent lanthanide coordination polymers. - Graphical abstract: We present herein one dimensional lanthanide coordination polymers of a new semirigid exo-bidentate ligand which not only display interesting structures but also possess strong luminescence properties. Display Omitted - Highlights: • We present lanthanide coordination polymers of a new semirigid exo-bidentate ligand. • The lanthanide coordination polymers exhibit interesting structures. • The luminescent properties of Tb(III) complexes are discussed in detail.

  20. Synthesis and structural characterization of zinc(II) and cobalt(II) complexes based on multidentate hydrazone ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Li; Zhang, Yuan Zhuo; Liu, E.; Yang, Chengxiong; Golen, James A.; Rheingold, Arnold L.; Zhang, Guoqi

    2016-04-01

    Two multidentate Schiff base ligands containing a hydrazone unit have been synthesized and investigated for zinc(II) and cobalt(II) coordination chemistry. The reactions of the 4-pyridyl derived hydrazone ligand HL1 with zinc(II) or cobalt(II) salts gave three mononuclear complexes that were structurally characterized by X-ray diffraction analysis. The results revealed that the ligand could adopt different coordination modes when various counter anions were employed. While in the case that zinc dichloride was used as a metal salt a neutral mononuclear mono-ligand complex was formed, the deprotonation of hydrazone occurred when zinc(II) or cobalt(II) nitrate were present and two new isostructural mononuclear bis-ligand complexes were isolated. Modification of the hydrazone ligand with oxygen donors was found to have a significant impact on the ligand reactivity, and a similar reaction of H2L2 with cobalt(II) nitrate gave a protonated product of H2L2 without the incorporation of cobalt(II), which features a one-dimensional hydrogen-bonded network in the solid state.

  1. Group 10 complexes containing phosphinomethylamine ligands: Synthesis, structural analysis and electrochemical studies

    SciTech Connect

    Waggoner, Nolan W.; Spreer, Lindsay S.; Boro, Brian J.; DuBois, Daniel L.; Helm, Monte L.

    2012-01-15

    The reaction of [M(triphos)OTf](OTf) (M = Pd, Pt; triphos = (Ph2PCH2CH2)2PPh; OTf = triflate) with one equivalent of a diphenylphosphinomethylamine ligand (PPh2NPh(R), R = Ph or Me) leads to the formation of the M(II) complexes [Pd(triphos)PPh2NPh(R)](OTf)2 (1a, R = Ph; 1b, R = Me) and [Pt(triphos)PPh2NPh(R)]- (OTf)2 (2a, R = Ph; 2b, R = Me). Complexes 1a, 1b, 2a and 2b were obtained in moderate yields and characterized by elemental analysis, 1H, 13C, 31P NMR and X-ray diffraction. The redox behavior of these complexes shows a reversible reduction wave with half-wave potentials ranging from -1.04 to -1.23 V. Electrocatalytic proton reduction studies demonstrate these complexes function as hydrogen production catalysts with turn over frequencies ranging from 120 to 200 s-1. We thank Research Corporation Cottrell Science Award (7293) and Fort Lewis College for financial support of this project. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory collaborators would like to acknowledge the support of the US Department of Energy Basic Energy Sciences’ Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, and Biosciences Division. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is operated by Battelle for the US Department of Energy.

  2. Ru-Zn heteropolynuclear complexes containing a dinucleating bridging ligand: synthesis, structure, and isomerism.

    PubMed

    Mognon, Lorenzo; Benet-Buchholz, Jordi; Rahaman, S M Wahidur; Bo, Carles; Llobet, Antoni

    2014-12-01

    Mononuclear complexes in- and out-[Ru(Cl)(trpy)(Hbpp)](+) (in-0, out-0; Hbpp is 2,2'-(1H-pyrazole-3,5-diyl)dipyridine and trpy is 2,2':6',2″-terpyridine) are used as starting materials for preparation of Ru-Zn heterodinuclear out-{[Ru(Cl)(trpy)][ZnCl2](μ-bpp)} (out-2) and heterotrinuclear in,in- and out,out-{[Ru(Cl)(trpy)]2(μ-[Zn(bpp)2])}(2+) (in-3, out-3) constitutional isomers. Further substitution of the Cl ligand from the former complexes leads to Ru-aqua out,out-{[Ru(trpy)(H2O)]2(μ-[Zn(bpp)2])}(4+) (out-4) and the oxo-bridged Ru-O-Ru complex in,in-{[Ru(III)(trpy)]2(μ-[Zn(bpp)2(H2O)]μ-(O)}(4+) (in-5). All complexes are thoroughly characterized by the usual analytical techniques as well as by spectroscopy by means of UV-vis, MS, and when diamagnetic NMR. CV and DPV are used to extract electrochemical information and monocrystal X-ray diffraction to characterize complexes out-2, in-3, out-3, and in-5 in the solid state. Complex out-3 photochemically isomerizes toward in-3, as can be observed by NMR spectroscopy and rationalized by density functional theory based calculations. PMID:25393055

  3. The Synthesis, Structures and Chemical Properties of Macrocyclic Ligands Covalently Bonded into Layered Arrays

    SciTech Connect

    Clearfield, Abraham

    2003-10-09

    OAK-B135 The immobilization of crown ethers tends to limit the leveling effect of solvents making the macrocycles more selective. In addition immobilization has the added advantage of relative ease of recovery of the otherwise soluble crown. We have affixed CH2PO3H2 groups to azacrown ethers. The resultant phosphorylated macrocycles may spontaneously aggregate into crystalline supramolecular linear arrays or contacted with cations produce layered or linear polymers. In the linear polymers the metal and phosphonic acids covalently bond into a central stem with the macrocyclic rings protruding from the stem as leaves on a twig. Two types of layered compounds were obtained with group 4 metals. Monoaza-crown ethers form a bilayer where the M4+ plus phosphonic acid groups build the layer and the rings fill the interlayer space. 1, 10-diazadiphosphonic acids cross-link the metal phosphonate layers forming a three-dimensional array of crown ethers. In order to improve diffusion into these 3-D arrays they are spaced by inclusion of phosphate or phosphate groups. Two series of azamacrocylic crown ethers were prepared containing rings with 20 to 32 atoms. These larger rings can complex two cations per ring. Methylene phosphonic acid groups have been bonded to the aza ring atoms to increase the complexing ability of these ligands. Our approach is to carry out acid-base titrations in the absence and presence of cations to determine the pKa values of the protons, both those bonded to aza groups and those associated with the phosphonic acid groups. From the differences in the titration curves obtained with and without the cations present we obtain the stoichiometry of complex formation and the complex stability constants. Some of the applications we are targeting include phase transfer catalysis, separation of cations and the separation of radioisotopes for diagnostic and cancer therapeutic purposes.

  4. Iron tetraanthracenotetraazaporphyrins: synthesis, structural characterization, ligand binding properties, and unexpected selectivity of a bis-"bowl" tetraazaporphyrin.

    PubMed

    Fitzgerald, Jeffrey P; Lebenson, Joshua R; Wang, Guangbin; Yee, Gordon T; Noll, Bruce C; Sommer, Roger D

    2008-06-01

    The synthesis and characterization, by optical spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) magnetometry, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction, of six iron complexes of tetraanthracenotetraazaporphyrin (TATAP) are reported. Eight benzo groups, flanking the macrocycle periphery, form a nonpolar "bowl" on each face of the porphyrazine and prevent mu-oxo dimer formation. Fe(TATAP) readily binds THF, a variety of neutral nitrogenous axial ligands, and carbon monoxide. The equilibrium binding constants for the first two are higher than those of analogous porphyrins while those of the latter are smaller. We attribute these differences to the higher pi acidity of the porphyrazine ligand. Fe(TATAP) also shows different relative magnitudes of the successive equilibrium binding constants, K1 and K2, for hindered nitrogenous ligands when compared to those of porphyrin analogues. Surprisingly, Fe(TATAP), in toluene solution, shows no affinity for O2 when exposed to 1 atm partial pressure of O2 at 25 degrees C. These results are explained in terms of an unusually positive iron(III/II) redox potential when coordinated by the TATAP ligand. PMID:18459768

  5. Synthesis and crystal structures of two nickel coordination polymers generated from asymmetric malate ligand

    SciTech Connect

    Guo Yaqin; Xiao Dongrong; Wang Enbo . E-mail: wangenbo@public.cc.jl.cn; Lu Ying; Lue Jian; Xu Xinxin; Xu Lin

    2005-03-15

    Two nickel coordination polymers [Ni(H{sub 2}O)(C{sub 4}H{sub 4}O{sub 5})].H{sub 2}O 1 and [Ni(H{sub 2}O)(mal)(phen)] 2, have been hydrothermally synthesized and structurally characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction. Crystal data for 1: C{sub 4}H{sub 8}O{sub 7}Ni, monoclinic Cc, a=13.156(3)A, b=7.5436(15)A, c=9.6982(19)A, {beta}=130.96(3){sup o}, Z=4. Crystal data for 2: C{sub 16}H{sub 14}N{sub 2}O{sub 6}Ni, orthorhombic Pna2{sub 1}, a=9.6113(19)A, b=19.691(4)A, c=8.0944(16)A, Z=4. Compound 1 is constructed from [Ni(H{sub 2}O)(C{sub 4}H{sub 4}O{sub 5})] sheets pillared through {beta}-carboxylate groups into a 3D framework, which exhibits a diamond-like network. Compound 2 exhibits a 3D supramolecular network. To our knowledge, compound 1 represents the first diamond-like topology in the system of metal-malate. Other characterizations by elemental analysis, IR and TG are also described. The magnetic behavior of compound 1 has been studied.

  6. Synthesis and structure of a 2D Zn complex with mixed ligands stacked in offset ABAB manner

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qin, Ling; Wang, Yan-Qing; Ni, Gang

    2016-07-01

    The title complex, {[Zn(ODIB)1/2( bpdc)]·2DMF} n was prepared under hydrothermal conditions (dimethylformamide and water) based on two ligands, namely, 1,1'-oxy-bis[3,5-diimidazolyl-benzene] (ODIB) and biphenyldicarboxylic acid (H2 bpdc). ODIB ligands link Zn cations to give layers in crystal. bpdc 2- anions coordinate to Zn atoms, however, their introduction does not increase the dimension of the structure. Each layer is partially passes through the adjacent layers in the offset ABAB manner.

  7. 2-Mercapto-1-t-butylimidazolyl as a Bridging Ligand: Synthesis and Structural Characterization of Nickel and Palladium Paddlewheel Complexes‡

    PubMed Central

    Pang, Keliang; Figueroa, Joshua S.; Tonks, Ian A.; Sattler, Wesley

    2009-01-01

    Nickel and palladium paddlewheel complexes that feature 2-mercapto-1-t-butylimidazolyl (mimBut) bridging ligands, namely Ni2[mim But]4 and Pd2[mim But]4, have been synthesized and structurally characterized by X–ray diffraction. Since the mim But ligand bridges in an asymmetric manner via a sulfur and nitrogen donor, paddlewheel compounds of the type M2[mim But]4 may exist as isomers that are distinguished by the relative orientations of the ligands. In this regard, the (4,0)-Ni2[mim But]4 and trans-(2,2)-Ni2[mim But]4 isomers have been isolated for the nickel system, while the (4,0)-Pd2[mim But]4 and (3,1)-Pd2[mim But]4 isomers have been isolated for the palladium system. PMID:20161357

  8. Synthesis, structural characterization, catalytic, thermal and electrochemical investigations of bidentate Schiff base ligand and its metal complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dolaz, Mustafa; McKee, Vickie; Uruş, Serhan; Demir, Necmettin; Sabik, Ali E.; Gölcü, Ayşegül; Tümer, Mehmet

    2010-07-01

    In this study, we prepared the Schiff base ligand (L) and its Cu(II), Co(II) and Ni(II) complexes. The compounds were characterized by the analytical and spectroscopic methods. The ligand (L) behaves as a bidentate ligand and coordinates to the metal ions via the nitrogen atoms. The complexes have the mononuclear structures. The analytical and spectroscopic results indicated that the chloride ions coordinate to the metal ions. The complexes have the general formulae [M(L)(Cl) 2] (M: Cu(II), Co(II) and Ni(II) metal ions). Electrochemical properties were investigated as ligand and metal centres in the different solvents and at the scan rates, respectively. The thermal properties of the metal complexes were studied in the N 2 atmosphere. We investigated the improved catalytic activity of the Cu(II), Co(II) and Ni(II) complexes on the cyclohexane as a substrate. Obtained data showed that the best catalyst is the Cu(II) complex. The single crystal of the ligand (L) was obtained from CH 3CN solution. There is a C-H…N H-bond linking the molecules into chains (C6)…N(2) 3.4415(18) Å under symmetry operation ( x + 1, y, z) as well as π-π stacking on the outside of the "V" shape - nothing on the inside.

  9. Ruthenium(II) bipyridine complexes bearing new keto-enol azoimine ligands: Synthesis, structure, electrochemistry and DFT calculations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Al-Noaimi, Mousa; Awwadi, Firas F.; Mansi, Ahmad; Abdel-Rahman, Obadah S.; Hammoudeh, Ayman; Warad, Ismail

    2015-01-01

    The novel azoimine ligand, Phsbnd NHsbnd Ndbnd C(COCH3)sbnd NHPh(Ctbnd CH) (H2L), was synthesized and its molecular structure was determined by X-ray crystallography. Catalytic hydration of the terminal acetylene of H2L in the presence of RuCl3·3H2O in ethanol at reflux temperature yielded a ketone (L1 = Phsbnd Ndbnd Nsbnd C(COCH3)dbnd Nsbnd Ph(COCH3) and an enol (L2 = Phsbnd Ndbnd Nsbnd C(COCH3)dbnd Nsbnd PhC(OH)dbnd CH2) by Markovnikov addition of water. Two mixed-ligand ruthenium complexes having general formula, trans-[Ru(bpy)(Y)Cl2] (1-2) (where Y = L1 (1) and Y = L2 (2), bpy is 2.2‧-bipyrdine) were achieved by the stepwise addition of equimolar amounts of (H2L) and bpy ligands to RuCl3·3H2O in absolute ethanol. Theses complexes were characterized by elemental analyses and spectroscopic (IR, UV-Vis, and NMR (1D 1H NMR, 13C NMR, (DEPT-135), (DEPT-90), 2D 1H-1H and 13C-1H correlation (HMQC) spectroscopy)). The two complexes exhibit a quasi-reversible one electron Ru(II)/Ru(III) oxidation couple at 604 mV vs. ferrocene/ferrocenium (Cp2Fe0/+) couple along with one electron ligand reduction at -1010 mV. The crystal structure of complex 1 showed that the bidentate ligand L1 coordinates to Ru(II) by the azo- and imine-nitrogen donor atoms. The complex adopts a distorted trans octahedral coordination geometry of chloride ligands. The electronic spectra of 1 and 1+ in dichloromethane have been modeled by time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT).

  10. Coordination Complexes of a Neutral 1,2,4-Benzotriazinyl Radical Ligand: Synthesis, Molecular and Electronic Structures, and Magnetic Properties.

    PubMed

    Morgan, Ian S; Mansikkamäki, Akseli; Zissimou, Georgia A; Koutentis, Panayiotis A; Rouzières, Mathieu; Clérac, Rodolphe; Tuononen, Heikki M

    2015-10-26

    A series of d-block metal complexes of the recently reported coordinating neutral radical ligand 1-phenyl-3-(pyrid-2-yl)-1,4-dihydro-1,2,4-benzotriazin-4-yl (1) was synthesized. The investigated systems contain the benzotriazinyl radical 1 coordinated to a divalent metal cation, Mn(II) , Fe(II) , Co(II) , or Ni(II) , with 1,1,1,5,5,5-hexafluoroacetylacetonato (hfac) as the auxiliary ligand of choice. The synthesized complexes were fully characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, magnetic susceptibility measurements, and electronic structure calculations. The complexes [Mn(1)(hfac)2 ] and [Fe(1)(hfac)2 ] displayed antiferromagnetic coupling between the unpaired electrons of the ligand and the metal cation, whereas the interaction was found to be ferromagnetic in the analogous Ni(II) complex [Ni(1)(hfac)2 ]. The magnetic properties of the complex [Co(1)(hfac)2 ] were difficult to interpret owing to significant spin-orbit coupling inherent to octahedral high-spin Co(II) metal ion. As a whole, the reported data clearly demonstrated the favorable coordinating properties of the radical 1, which, together with its stability and structural tunability, make it an excellent new building block for establishing more complex metal-radical architectures with interesting magnetic properties. PMID:26493885

  11. New mixed ligand zinc(II) complexes based on the antiepileptic drug sodium valproate and bioactive nitrogen-donor ligands. Synthesis, structure and biological properties.

    PubMed

    Darawsheh, Mohanad; Abu Ali, Hijazi; Abuhijleh, A Latif; Rappocciolo, Emilia; Akkawi, Mutaz; Jaber, Suhair; Maloul, Salam; Hussein, Yasmeen

    2014-07-23

    Starting from the precursor [Zinc Valproate complex] (1), new mixed ligand zinc(II) complexes of valproic acid and nitrogen-based ligands, formulating as, [Zn(valp)22,9-dmphen] (2), [Zn2(valp)4(quin)2] (3), [Zn(valp)2(2-ampy)2] (4), and [Zn(valp)2(2-ampic)2] (5) (valp = valproate, 2,9-dmphen = 2,9-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline, quin = quinoline, 2-ampy = 2-aminopyridine, 2-ampic = 2-amino-6-picoline) were synthesized and characterized using IR, (1)H NMR, (13)C{(1)H} NMR and UV-Vis spectrometry. The crystal structures of complexes 2, 3 and 4 were determined using single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The complexes were also evaluated for their anti-bacterial activity using in-vitro agar diffusion method against three Gram-positive (Micrococcus luteus, Staphylococcus aureus, and Bacillus subtilis) and three Gram-negative (Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Proteus mirabilis) species. Complex 2 showed considerable activity against all tested microorganisms and the effect of complexation on the anti-bacterial activity of the parent ligand of 2 was also investigated. The anti-bacterial activity of 2,9-dmphen against Gram-negative bacteria was enhanced upon complexation with zinc valproate. On the other hand, complexes 1 and 3 showed weak inhibition activity against the tested species and complexes 4 and 5 didn't show any activity at all. Two methods were used for testing the inhibition of ferriprotoporphyrinIX bio-mineralization: a semi-quantitative micro-assay and a previously self-developed quantitative in-vitro method. Both were used to study the efficiency of these complexes in inhibiting the formation of the Malaria pigment which considered being the target of many known anti-malarial drugs such as Chloroquine and Amodiaquine. Results showed that the efficiency of complex 2 in preventing the formation of β-Hematin was 80%. The efficiency of Amodiaquine as a standard drug was reported to give 91%. PMID:24904962

  12. Synthesis, characterization, crystal structure and predicting the second-order optical nonlinearity of a new dicobalt(III) complex with Schiff base ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zarei, Seyed Amir; Piltan, Mohammad; Hassanzadeh, Keyumars; Akhtari, Keivan; Cinčić, Dominik

    2015-03-01

    The synthesis and characterization of dicobalt(III) complex [Co2L2(OMe)2] of the tetradentate Schiff base ligand N,N‧-bis(2-hydroxybenzylidene)-2,2-dimethyl-1,3-propanediamine (H2L) is reported. The crystal structure of the complex has been determined that exhibited the pseudo-octahedral geometry around both cobalt(III) ions. In the complexation process, H2L acts as two negatively charged tetradentate ligand, L2-, and methoxy group plays as bridging ligand. The geometry structure of the complex is optimized by density functional theory (DFT) using B3LYP/6-311G(d,p). The calculated geometric parameters are in good agreement with the corresponding experimental data. Second-Order Nonlinear Optical (NLO) property of the complex is evaluated by DFT/B3LYP/6-311G(d,p) on the base of the optimized structure that shows the enhancement relative to the calculated value of H2L. The calculated NLO value of the complex is much greater than the corresponding value of urea.

  13. Synthesis, structural characterization and antimicrobial activities of 12 zinc(II) complexes with four thiosemicarbazone and two semicarbazone ligands.

    PubMed

    Kasuga, Noriko Chikaraishi; Sekino, Kiyoshi; Ishikawa, Motoki; Honda, Ayano; Yokoyama, Masaki; Nakano, Saori; Shimada, Nobuhiro; Koumo, Chisa; Nomiya, Kenji

    2003-08-01

    Twelve zinc(II) complexes with thiosemicarbazone and semicarbazone ligands were prepared and characterized by elemental analysis, thermogravimetric and differential thermal analysis (TG/DTA), FT-IR and 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy. Seven three-dimensional structures of zinc(II) complexes were determined by single-crystal X-ray analysis. Their antimicrobial activities were evaluated by MIC against four bacteria (B. subtilis, S. aureus, E. coli and P. aeruginosa), two yeasts (C. albicans and S. cerevisiae) and two molds (A. niger and P. citrinum). The 5- and 6-coordinate zinc(II) complexes with a tridentate thiosemicarbazone ligand (Hatsc), ([Zn(atsc)(OAc)](n) 1, [Zn(Hatsc)(2)](NO(3))(2).0.3H(2)O 2, [ZnCl(2)(Hatsc)] 3 and [Zn(SO(4))(Hatsc)(H(2)O)].H(2)O 4 [Hatsc=2-acetylpyridine(thiosemicarbazone)]), showed antimicrobial activities against test organisms, which were different from those of free ligands or the starting zinc(II) compounds. Especially, complex 2 showed effective activities against P. aeruginosa, C. albicans and moderate activities against S. cerevisiae and two molds. These facts are in contrast to the results that the 5- or 6-coordinate zinc(II) complexes with a tridentate 2-acetylpyridine-4N-morpholinethiosemicarbazone, ([Zn(mtsc)(2)].0.2EtOH 5, the previously reported catena-poly [Zn(mtsc)-mu-(OAc-O,O')](n) and [Zn(NO(3))(2)(Hmtsc)] [Hmtsc=2-acetylpyridine (4N-morpholyl thiosemicarbazone)]), showed no activities against the test microorganisms. The 5- and 6-coordinate zinc(II) complexes with a tridentate 2-acetylpyridinesemicarbazone, ([Zn(OAc)(2)(Hasc)] 6 and [Zn(Hasc)(2)](NO(3))(2) 7 [Hasc=2-acetylpyridine(semicarbazone)]), showed no antimicrobial activities against bacteria, yeasts and molds. Complex [ZnCl(2)(Hasc)] 8, which was isostructural to complex 3, showed modest activity against Gram-positive bacterium, B. subtilis. The 1:1 complexes of zinc(II) with pentadentate thiosemicarbazone ligands, ([Zn(dmtsc)](n) 9 and [Zn(datsc)](n) 10 [H(2)dmtsc=2

  14. Synthesis, structures, and selective toxicity to cancer cells of gold(I) complexes involving N-heterocyclic carbene ligands.

    PubMed

    Boselli, Luca; Ader, Isabelle; Carraz, Maëlle; Hemmert, Catherine; Cuvillier, Olivier; Gornitzka, Heinz

    2014-10-01

    New gold(I) complexes containing two 1-[2-(diethylamino)ethyl]imidazolydene ligands have been synthesized and characterized. The X-ray structures of two key compounds are presented. All complexes have been tested for their antiproliferative activities in prostate cancer cell line PC-3. Lipophilicity (Log P) has been determined for these complexes. The most active complex has been tested for the cytotoxic activities in five human cancer cell lines and primary endothelial cells. The most active complex demonstrated a potent selectivity for cancer cells. PMID:25078312

  15. Novel amide-type ligand bearing bis-pyridine cores: Synthesis, spectral characterizations and X-ray structure analyses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ke, Shaoyong

    2016-08-01

    The novel salicylamide-type ligand containing bis-pyridine moieties, i.e. 2-((6-chloropyridin-3-yl)methoxy)-N-(2-((6-chloropyridin-3-yl)methylthio)phenyl)benzamide, which has been successfully synthesized and characterized by typical spectroscopic techniques mainly including IR, 1H NMR and ESI-MS. The structure of target compound was further determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction method and which crystallized in the monoclinic system with space group P2(1)/c.

  16. Synthesis, structure and magnetism of new polynuclear transition metal aggregates assembled with Schiff-base ligand and anionic N-donor ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Yangguang; Wu, Qiong; Lecren, Lollita; Clérac, Rodolphe

    2008-11-01

    Three new polynuclear aggregates [Co 6(sae) 4(N 3) 6(MeO) 2(MeOH) 2]·0.5H 2O ( 1), [Mn 4O(sae) 4(C(CN) 3)(MeOH) 3](NO 3)·MeOH ( 2) and [NaFe 6(sae) 6(MeO) 6] (N(CN) 2)·H 2O ( 3) have been synthesized with mixed ligands of Schiff-base (salicylidene-2-ethanolamine, H 2sae) and various anionic N-donor ligands (N 3-, N(CN) 2- or C(CN) 3-) and transition metal salts in methanol solution. Crystallographic data for 1: trigonal, R3¯, a = 26.113(4) Å, b = 26.113(4) Å, c = 20.689(4) Å, γ = 120°, V = 12,218(3) Å 3, Z = 9, R1( wR2) = 0.0753(0.2176); for 2: orthorhombic, Pna2 1, a = 20.746(4) Å, b = 13.357(3) Å, c = 17.992(4) Å, V = 4985.6(2) Å 3, Z = 4, R1( wR2) = 0.0357(0.0969); for 3: monoclinic, C2/ c, a = 30.311(6) Å, b = 12.452(3) Å, c = 20.789(4) Å, β = 94.75(3)°, V = 7820(3) Å 3, Z = 4, R1( wR2) = 0.0773(0.2299). Compound 1 exhibits a new rod-like [Co III4Co II2] structural feature. Compound 2 contains an unusual tetranuclear [Mn III4] cationic core. Compound 3 possesses a well-known circle-like [Fe III6] unit encapsulated a central sodium cation. Magnetic properties of these compounds have been studied revealing the presence of (i) intra-molecular antiferromagnetic interactions in 2 and 3 that induce an overall ST = 0 ground state and (ii) Co II-Co II ferromagnetic interactions in complex 1.

  17. Synthesis, structures, luminescent and magnetic properties of four coordination polymers with the flexible 1,3-phenylenediacetate ligands

    SciTech Connect

    Gu, Jin-Zhong; Lv, Dong-Yu; Gao, Zhu-Qing; Liu, Jian-Zhao; Dou, Wei; Tang, Yu

    2011-03-15

    Four coordination polymers, [Zn(pda)(bpy)(H{sub 2}O)]{sub n}.nH{sub 2}O (1), [Cd(pda)(prz)(H{sub 2}O)]{sub n} (2), [Co{sub 3}({mu}{sub 3}-OH){sub 2}(pda){sub 2}(pyz)]{sub n}.2nH{sub 2}O (3) and [Pr{sub 2}(pda){sub 3}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}]{sub n} (4) (H{sub 2}pda=1,3-phenylendiacetic acid, bpy=4,4'-bipyridine, prz=piperazine and pyz=pyrazine) have been hydrothermally synthesized and characterized. Complex 1 is a 1D wheel-like chain structure, which is further extended into a 3D metal-organic supramolecular framework by H-bonds and {pi}-{pi} stacking interactions. Complex 2 is a 1D ladder-like chain structure, which is also further extended into a 3D metal-organic supramolecular framework by H-bonds. Complex 3 possess a 2D sheet structure with infrequent two pairs of double-helix chains. Complex 4 features a 3D structure. Both 1 and 2 display strong blue fluorescent emission at room temperature. Magnetic susceptibility measurements of complexes 3 and 4 exhibit antiferromagnetic interactions between the nearest metal ions, with C=9.99 and 3.43 cm{sup 3} mol{sup -1} K, and {theta}=-23.9 and -46.3 K, respectively. -- Graphical abstract: Four new coordination polymers with 1,3-phenylenediacetate ligands have been hydrothermally synthesized and characterized. Complexes 1 and 2 display strong blue fluorescent emission at room temperature. Magnetic susceptibility measurements of 3 and 4 exhibit antiferromagnetic interactions between the nearest metal centers. Display Omitted Research highlights: > Coordinative property of H{sub 2}pda ligand was shown when bonded by different block metals. > Careful selection of co-ligand and metals resulted in dramatic framework evolution. > (c) The compounds constructed with Zn{sup 2+} and Cd{sup 2+} exhibit strong blue fluorescent emission. > The magneto-structural correlation of the complexes constructed with Co{sup 2+} and Pr{sup 3+} was elucidated.

  18. Synthesis and structural studies of 1,4-di(2-pyridyl)-1,2,3-triazole and its transition metal complexes; a versatile and subtly unsymmetric ligand.

    PubMed

    McCarney, Eoin P; Hawes, Chris S; Blasco, Salvador; Gunnlaugsson, Thorfinnur

    2016-06-21

    The synthesis of the 'click' derived 1,4-di(2-pyridyl)-1,2,3-triazole () chelator/ligand from 2-azidopyridine and 2-ethynylpyridine using Cu(i) and TBTA by microwave assisted synthesis is presented. The complexes of the subtly unsymmetric ligand with Cu(i), Pt(ii), Co(ii), and Ag(i) were structurally characterised by using conventional methods, as well as using single crystal and powder diffraction analysis. The results of the studies showed formation of discrete molecules displaying preferential binding of the d-metal cations through the pyridyl nitrogen N1 and the proximal triazolyl nitrogen N2 i.e. the 2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)pyridine or 'regular' chelate moiety despite the presence of a second potential binding pocket i.e. the 2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)pyridine chelate or 'inverse' moiety. This binding selectivity was corroborated through the study of the self-assembly of with Cu(i) and Ag(i) using (1)H NMR titration in CD3CN solution, as well as using UV-Vis absorption titrations; the former showing a broadening of the proton peaks associated with that chelate pocket. PMID:27231030

  19. Synthesis, electronic structure and catalytic activity of ruthenium-iodo-carbonyl complexes with thioether containing NNS donor ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jana, Subrata; Jana, Mahendra Sekhar; Biswas, Sujan; Sinha, Chittaranjan; Mondal, Tapan Kumar

    2014-05-01

    The ruthenium carbonyl complexes 1 and 2 with redox noninnocent NNS donor ligand, 1-methyl-2-{(o-thiomethyl)phenylazo}imidazole (L) have been synthesized and characterized by various analytical and spectroscopic (IR, UV-Vis and 1H NMR) techniques. The complexes exhibit a quasi-reversible one electron Ru(II)/Ru(III) oxidation couple at 1.11 V for 1 and 0.76 V for 2 along with two successive one electron ligand reductions. Catalytic activity of the compounds has been investigated to the oxidation of PhCH2OH to PhCHO, 2-butanol (C4H9OH) to 2-butanone, 1-phenylethanol (PhC2H4OH) to acetophenone, cyclopentanol (C5H9OH) to cyclopentanone, cyclohexanol to cyclohexanone, cycloheptanol to cycloheptanone and cycloctanol to cycloctanone using N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide (NMO) as oxidant. The catalytic efficiency of 2 is greater than complex 1 and well correlate with the metal oxidation potential. DFT, NBO and TDDFT calculations in DFT/B3LYP/6-31G(d)/lanL2TZ(f) method are employed to interpret the structural and electronic features of the complexes.

  20. cis-Dioxomolybdenum(VI) complexes of a new ONN chelating thiosemicarbazidato ligand; Synthesis, characterization, crystal, molecular structures and antioxidant activities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    İlhan Ceylan, Berat; Deniz, Nahide Gulsah; Kahraman, Sibel; Ulkuseven, Bahri

    2015-04-01

    5-Chloro-4-methyl-2-hydroxybenzophenone S-propyl-4-phenyl-thiosemicarbazone (H2L) and its cis-dioxomolybdenum(VI) complexes, in the general formula [MoO2(L)R-OH)] (R: methyl, 1; ethyl, 2; n-propyl, 3; n-butyl, 4; n-pentyl, 5), were synthesized and characterized by micro analysis, electronic, infrared and 1H and 13C NMR spectra. The crystal structures of complexes, 1 and 3, have been solved by direct methods (SIR92) and refined to the residual indexes R1 = 0.098 and R1 = 0.052 respectively. Complexes 1 and 3 are crystallized in the triclinic space group P-1 with Z = 2. The crystal study of complex 1 showed the first example of intermolecular hydrogen bond for this type of molybdenum-thiosemicarbazone complexes. The hydrogen bond is between the hydroxyl proton of attached alcohol and an oxo oxygen (in MoO22+ unit) of another complex molecule, and its bond distance (1.767(1) Å) is shorter than from the σ-coordination bonds in complex 1. Antioxidant activities of the compounds were determined by using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) method. Ligand showed 23.61% DPPH radical scavenging activity at 250 mg/L concentration. Cupric Reducing Antioxidant Capacity (CUPRAC) was also evaluated and trolox-equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) values were found for ligand, 1 and 3 as 0.51, 0.33 and 0.30 respectively.

  1. Control of magnetic spin states by various mixed anionic ligands in trinickel complexes: synthesis, crystal structures and physical properties.

    PubMed

    Huang, Ming-Yi; Yeh, Chen-Yu; Lee, Gene-Hsiang; Peng, Shie-Ming

    2006-12-28

    This study provides an opportunity to control the magnetic spin of nickel atoms using various mixed anionic ligands. A series of linear trinickel complexes supported by two kinds of ligands, oligo-alpha-pyridylamido and sulfonyl amido/amido, were synthesized and their structures were determined by X-ray diffraction. The three nickel atoms of [Ni(3)(Lpts)(2)(dpa)(2)] (dpa(-) = dipyridylamido, Lpts(2-) = N,N'-bis(p-toluenesulfonyl)pyridyldiamido) display short Ni-N ( approximately 1.90 Angstrom) bond distances, which are consistent with a low spin state of Ni(II) ions, and exhibit spin states of (0, 0, 0) for the three Ni(II) ions. One of the terminal Ni(II) ions of [Ni(3)(Lms)(2)(dpa)(2)(H(2)O)] (Lms(2-) = N,N'-bis(4-methylsulfonyl)-pyridyldiamido) and [Ni(3)(Lpts)(2)(pepteaH(2))] (pepteaH(2)(2-) = pentapyridyldiamidodiamine) bonded with an axial ligand exhibits a square pyramidal (NiN(4)X) geometry with long Ni-N bond distances ( approximately 2.10 Angstrom) which are consistent with a high spin Ni(II) configuration. The spin states of these trinickel complexes are (1, 0, 0). Complexes interchanged by the removal or addition of an axial water molecule. The structural features of are comparable with those of . Both the terminal Ni(II) ions in [Ni(3)(LAc)(2)(dpa)(2)] (Lac(2-) = N,N'-biacetyl-pyridyldiamido) are in square pyramidal geometry and exhibit high spin. The spin states of the nickel ions in are (1, 0, 1), and the two terminal nickel ions exhibit antiferromagnetic interactions. The molecular structure of [Ni(3)(Lpts)(2)(dpa)(2)](BF(4)), which was obtained by the one-electron oxidation is similar to those of the neutral analogue , except for the presence of a counter anion to compensate for the positive charge on the Ni(3) core. All of the Ni-Ni bond lengths of are slightly shorter (ca. 0.05 Angstrom) than those in the neutral analogues. This is attributed to the formation of partial Ni-Ni bonding. PMID:17146533

  2. Polyoxometalates functionalized by bisphosphonate ligands: synthesis, structural, magnetic, and spectroscopic characterizations and activity on tumor cell lines.

    PubMed

    El Moll, Hani; Zhu, Wei; Oldfield, Eric; Rodriguez-Albelo, L Marleny; Mialane, Pierre; Marrot, Jérôme; Vila, Neus; Mbomekallé, Israel Martyr; Rivière, Eric; Duboc, Carole; Dolbecq, Anne

    2012-07-16

    We report the synthesis and characterization of eight new Mo, W, or V-containing polyoxometalate (POM) bisphosphonate complexes with metal nuclearities ranging from 1 to 6. The compounds were synthesized in water by treating Mo(VI), W(VI), V(IV), or V(V) precursors with biologically active bisphosphonates H(2)O(3)PC(R)(OH)PO(3)H(2) (R = C(3)H(6)NH(2), Ale; R = CH(2)S(CH(3))(2), Sul and R = C(4)H(5)N(2), Zol, where Ale = alendronate, Sul = (2-Hydroxy-2,2-bis-phosphono-ethyl)-dimethyl-sulfonium and Zol = zoledronate). Mo(6)(Sul)(2) and Mo(6)(Zol)(2) contain two trinuclear Mo(VI) cores which can rotate around a central oxo group while Mo(Ale)(2) and W(Ale)(2) are mononuclear species. In V(5)(Ale)(2) and V(5)(Zol)(2) a central V(IV) ion is surrounded by two V(V) dimers bound to bisphosphonate ligands. V(6)(Ale)(4) can be viewed as the condensation of one V(5)(Ale)(2) with one additional V(IV) ion and two Ale ligands, while V(3)(Zol)(3) is a triangular V(IV) POM. These new POM bisphosphonates complexes were all characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The stability of the Mo and W POMs was studied by (31)P NMR spectroscopy and showed that all compounds except the mononuclear Mo(Ale)(2) and W(Ale)(2) were stable in solution. EPR measurements performed on the vanadium derivatives confirmed the oxidation state of the V ions and evidenced their stability in aqueous solution. Electrochemical studies on V(5)(Ale)(2) and V(5)(Zol)(2) showed reduction of V(V) to V(IV), and magnetic susceptibility investigations on V(3)(Zol)(3) enabled a detailed analysis of the magnetic interactions. The presence of zoledronate or vanadium correlated with the most potent activity (IC(50)~1-5 μM) against three human tumor cell lines. PMID:22725619

  3. Gallium and indium complexes containing the bis(imino)phenoxide ligand: synthesis, structural characterization and polymerization studies.

    PubMed

    Ghosh, Swarup; Gowda, Ravikumar R; Jagan, Rajamony; Chakraborty, Debashis

    2015-06-14

    A series of gallium and indium complexes containing a bis(imino)phenolate ligand framework were synthesized and completely characterized with different spectroscopic techniques. The molecular structures of a few complexes were determined using single crystal X-ray diffraction studies. These compounds were found to be extremely active towards the bulk ring opening polymerization (ROP) of lactides yielding polymers with high number average molecular weight (Mn) and controlled molecular weight distributions (MWDs). The neutral complexes produce isotactic enriched poly(lactic acid) (PLA) from rac-lactide (rac-LA) under melt conditions, whereas the ionic complex produces atactic PLA. The polymerizations are controlled, as evidenced by the narrow molecular distribution (MWDs) of the isolated polymers in addition to the linear nature of number average molecular weight (Mn) versus conversion plots with variations in monomer to catalyst ratios. The kinetic and mechanistic studies associated with these polymerizations have been performed. PMID:25977999

  4. Design, Synthesis, Protein−Ligand X-ray Structure, and Biological Evaluation of a Series of Novel Macrocyclic Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 Protease Inhibitors to Combat Drug Resistance

    SciTech Connect

    Ghosh, Arun K.; Kulkarni, Sarang; Anderson, David D.; Hong, Lin; Baldridge, Abigail; Wang, Yuan-Fang; Chumanevich, Alexander A.; Kovalevsky, Andrey Y.; Tojo, Yasushi; Amano, Masayuki; Koh, Yasuhiro; Tang, Jordan; Weber, Irene T.; Mitsuya, Hiroaki

    2010-04-05

    The structure-based design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of a series of nonpeptidic macrocyclic HIV protease inhibitors are described. The inhibitors are designed to effectively fill in the hydrophobic pocket in the S1'-S2' subsites and retain all major hydrogen bonding interactions with the protein backbone similar to darunavir (1) or inhibitor 2. The ring size, the effect of methyl substitution, and unsaturation within the macrocyclic ring structure were assessed. In general, cyclic inhibitors were significantly more potent than their acyclic homologues, saturated rings were less active than their unsaturated analogues and a preference for 10- and 13-membered macrocylic rings was revealed. The addition of methyl substituents resulted in a reduction of potency. Both inhibitors 14b and 14c exhibited marked enzyme inhibitory and antiviral activity, and they exerted potent activity against multidrug-resistant HIV-1 variants. Protein-ligand X-ray structures of inhibitors 2 and 14c provided critical molecular insights into the ligand-binding site interactions.

  5. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-Coronavirus Papain-Like Novel Protease Inhibitors: Design, Synthesis, Protein-Ligand X-ray Structure and Biological Evaluation

    SciTech Connect

    Ghosh, Arun K.; Takayama, Jun; Rao, Kalapala Venkateswar; Ratia, Kiira; Chaudhuri, Rima; Mulhearn, Debbie C.; Lee, Hyun; Nichols, Daniel B.; Baliji, Surendranath; Baker, Susan C.; Johnson, Michael E.; Mesecar, Andrew D.

    2012-02-21

    The design, synthesis, X-ray crystal structure, molecular modeling, and biological evaluation of a series of new generation SARS-CoV PLpro inhibitors are described. A new lead compound 3 (6577871) was identified via high-throughput screening of a diverse chemical library. Subsequently, we carried out lead optimization and structure-activity studies to provide a series of improved inhibitors that show potent PLpro inhibition and antiviral activity against SARS-CoV infected Vero E6 cells. Interestingly, the (S)-Me inhibitor 15h (enzyme IC{sub 50} = 0.56 {mu}M; antiviral EC{sub 50} = 9.1 {mu}M) and the corresponding (R)-Me 15g (IC{sub 50} = 0.32 {mu}M; antiviral EC{sub 50} = 9.1 {mu}M) are the most potent compounds in this series, with nearly equivalent enzymatic inhibition and antiviral activity. A protein-ligand X-ray structure of 15g-bound SARS-CoV PLpro and a corresponding model of 15h docked to PLpro provide intriguing molecular insight into the ligand-binding site interactions.

  6. Synthesis, crystal structures and properties of three new mixed-ligand d{sup 10} metal complexes constructed from pyridinecarboxylate and in situ generated amino-tetrazole ligand

    SciTech Connect

    Liu Dongsheng; Huang, Xihe; Huang Changcang; Huang Gansheng; Chen Jianzhong

    2009-07-15

    Three new metal-organic frameworks, [Zn(atz)(nic)]{sub n}(1), [Zn(atz)(isonic)]{sub n}.nHisonic(2) and [Cd(atz)(isonic)]{sub n}(3) (Hnic=nicotinic acid, Hisonic=isonicotinic acid), have been firstly synthesized by employing mixed-ligand of pyridinecarboxylate with the in situ generated ligand of 5-amino-tetrazolate(atz{sup -}), and characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy, TGA and single crystal X-ray diffraction. The results revealed that 1 presents a two-dimensional (2D) 'sql' topological network constructed from the linear chain subunit of Zn(nic){sub 2} and atz{sup -} ligand. A remarkable feature of 2 is a 2-fold interpenetrated diamondoid network with free Hisonic molecules locating in the channels formed by the zigzag chain subunits of Zn(isonic){sub 2}. Complex 3 is a 3D non-interpenetrated pillared framework constructed from the double chain subunits of Cd-COO{sup -}Cd. It possesses a rarely observed (4,6)-connected 'fsc' topology. The thermal stabilities and fluorescent properties of the complexes were investigated. All of these complexes exhibited intense fluorescent emissions in the solid state at room temperature. - Graphical abstract: Three new mixed-ligand d{sup 10} metal complexes have been synthesized by employing mixed-ligand synthetic approach. Complex 1 presents a 2D 'sql' topological network. Complex 2 is a 2-fold interpenetrated diamondoid network with microporous channels. Rarely observed (4,6)-connected 'fsc' topological network was found in complex 3.

  7. cis-Dioxomolybdenum(VI) complexes of a new ONN chelating thiosemicarbazidato ligand; synthesis, characterization, crystal, molecular structures and antioxidant activities.

    PubMed

    İlhan Ceylan, Berat; Deniz, Nahide Gulsah; Kahraman, Sibel; Ulkuseven, Bahri

    2015-04-15

    5-Chloro-4-methyl-2-hydroxybenzophenone S-propyl-4-phenyl-thiosemicarbazone (H2L) and its cis-dioxomolybdenum(VI) complexes, in the general formula [MoO2(L)R-OH)] (R: methyl, 1; ethyl, 2; n-propyl, 3; n-butyl, 4; n-pentyl, 5), were synthesized and characterized by micro analysis, electronic, infrared and (1)H and (13)C NMR spectra. The crystal structures of complexes, 1 and 3, have been solved by direct methods (SIR92) and refined to the residual indexes R1=0.098 and R1=0.052 respectively. Complexes 1 and 3 are crystallized in the triclinic space group P-1 with Z=2. The crystal study of complex 1 showed the first example of intermolecular hydrogen bond for this type of molybdenum-thiosemicarbazone complexes. The hydrogen bond is between the hydroxyl proton of attached alcohol and an oxo oxygen (in MoO2(2+) unit) of another complex molecule, and its bond distance (1.767(1)Å) is shorter than from the σ-coordination bonds in complex 1. Antioxidant activities of the compounds were determined by using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) method. Ligand showed 23.61% DPPH radical scavenging activity at 250 mg/L concentration. Cupric Reducing Antioxidant Capacity (CUPRAC) was also evaluated and trolox-equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) values were found for ligand, 1 and 3 as 0.51, 0.33 and 0.30 respectively. PMID:25681810

  8. Synthesis of supported metal nanoparticle catalysts using ligand assisted methods.

    PubMed

    Costa, Natalia J S; Rossi, Liane M

    2012-09-28

    The synthesis and characterization methods of metal nanoparticles (NPs) have advanced greatly in the last few decades, allowing an increasing understanding of structure-property-performance relationships. However, the role played by the ligands used as stabilizers for metal NPs synthesis or for NPs immobilization on solid supports has been underestimated. Here, we highlight some recent progress in the preparation of supported metal NPs with the assistance of ligands in solution or grafted on solid supports, a modified deposition-reduction method, with special attention to the effects on NPs size, metal-support interactions and, more importantly, catalytic activities. After presenting the general strategies in metal NP synthesis assisted by ligands grafted on solid supports, we highlight some recent progress in the deposition of pre-formed colloidal NPs on functionalized solids. Another important aspect that will be reviewed is related to the separation and recovery of NPs. Finally, we will outline our personal understanding and perspectives on the use of supported metal NPs prepared through ligand-assisted methods. PMID:22915064

  9. Synthesis, crystal structures, luminescence and catalytic properties of two d10 metal coordination polymers constructed from mixed ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Xiao-xiao; Zhang, Ming-xi; Yu, Baoyi; Van Hecke, Kristof; Cui, Guang-hua

    2015-03-01

    Two new coordination polymers [Cd(bmb)(hmph)]n (1), {[Ag(bmb)]·H2btc}n (2) (bmb = 1,4-bis(2-methylbenzimidazol-1-ylmethyl)benzene, H2hmph = homophthalic acid, H3btc = 1,3,5-benzenetetracarboxylic acid) were synthesized under hydrothermal conditions and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction methods, IR spectroscopy, TGA, XRPD and elemental analysis. Complex 1 features a 3D threefold interpenetrating dia array with a 4-connected 66 topology. Complex 2 shows a 1D helix chain structure connected by L1 ligands, which is finally extended into a rarely 2D 4L2 supramolecular network via C-H⋯O hydrogen bond interactions. In addition, the luminescence and catalytic properties of the two complexes for the degradation of the methyl orange azo dye in a Fenton-like process were presented. The degradation efficiency of the methyl orange azo dye for 1 and 2 are 56% and 96%, respectively.

  10. Synthesis, crystal structures, luminescence and catalytic properties of two d¹⁰ metal coordination polymers constructed from mixed ligands.

    PubMed

    Wang, Xiao-xiao; Zhang, Ming-xi; Yu, Baoyi; Van Hecke, Kristof; Cui, Guang-hua

    2015-03-15

    Two new coordination polymers [Cd(bmb)(hmph)]n (1), {[Ag(bmb)]·H2btc}n (2) (bmb=1,4-bis(2-methylbenzimidazol-1-ylmethyl)benzene, H2hmph=homophthalic acid, H3btc=1,3,5-benzenetetracarboxylic acid) were synthesized under hydrothermal conditions and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction methods, IR spectroscopy, TGA, XRPD and elemental analysis. Complex 1 features a 3D threefold interpenetrating dia array with a 4-connected 6(6) topology. Complex 2 shows a 1D helix chain structure connected by L1 ligands, which is finally extended into a rarely 2D 4L2 supramolecular network via C-H⋯O hydrogen bond interactions. In addition, the luminescence and catalytic properties of the two complexes for the degradation of the methyl orange azo dye in a Fenton-like process were presented. The degradation efficiency of the methyl orange azo dye for 1 and 2 are 56% and 96%, respectively. PMID:25576941

  11. Zirconium Hydride Complex Supported by a Tetradentate Carbon-Centered Tripodal Tris(aryloxide) Ligand: Synthesis, Structure, and Reactivity.

    PubMed

    Nakanishi, Yusuke; Ishida, Yutaka; Kawaguchi, Hiroyuki

    2016-04-18

    A dizirconium trihydride complex supported by a tetradentate carbon-centered tris(aryloxide) ligand [{Na(dme)}3{(O3C)Zr}2(μ-H)3] (2; [O3C] = [(3,5-(t)Bu2-2-O-C6H2)3C](4-)) was prepared by reacting [(O3C)Zr(thf)3] (1) with NaBHEt3 in toluene. Exposure of 2 in THF to CO2 (1 atm) resulted in facile insertion of CO2 into Zr-H bonds, yielding a formate complex [{Na(thf)2}3{(O3C)Zr}2(μ-O2CH)3] (3). Treatment of 2 with P4 in toluene led to formation of [Na(thf)5][{Na(thf)2}2{(O3C)Zr}2(μ-P3)] (4) and PH3, in which hydrogenation of P4 took place. Complex 2 reacted with Me3SiN3 to afford an azide-bridged cyclotrimer [{Na(thf)2}{(O3C)ZrN3(thf)}]3 (5) with concomitant liberation of Me3SiH. The molecular structures of these complexes 2-5 have been determined by X-ray diffraction analyses. PMID:27045559

  12. Polycatenar Ligand Control of the Synthesis and Self-Assembly of Colloidal Nanocrystals.

    PubMed

    Diroll, Benjamin T; Jishkariani, Davit; Cargnello, Matteo; Murray, Christopher B; Donnio, Bertrand

    2016-08-24

    Hydrophobic colloidal nanocrystals are typically synthesized and manipulated with commercially available ligands, and surface functionalization is therefore typically limited to a small number of molecules. Here, we report the use of polycatenar ligands derived from polyalkylbenzoates for the direct synthesis of metallic, chalcogenide, pnictide, and oxide nanocrystals. Polycatenar molecules, branched structures bearing diverging chains in which the terminal substitution pattern, functionality, and binding group can be independently modified, offer a modular platform for the development of ligands with targeted properties. Not only are these ligands used for the direct synthesis of monodisperse nanocrystals, but nanocrystals coated with polycatenar ligands self-assemble into softer bcc superlattices that deviate from conventional harder close-packed structures (fcc or hcp) formed by the same nanocrystals coated with commercial ligands. Self-assembly experiments demonstrate that the molecular structure of polycatenar ligands encodes interparticle spacings and attractions, engineering self-assembly, which is tunable from hard sphere to soft sphere behavior. PMID:27472457

  13. Silver(i) complexes with a P-N hybrid ligand and oxyanions: synthesis, structures, photocatalysis and photocurrent responses.

    PubMed

    Wang, Jian-Feng; Liu, Shi-Yuan; Liu, Chun-Yu; Ren, Zhi-Gang; Lang, Jian-Ping

    2016-06-14

    Reactions of a P-N hybrid ligand, N,N-bis(diphenylphosphanylmethyl)-3-aminopyridine (3-bdppmapy), with silver oxysalts including AgNO3, AgOAc, AgBz (Bz = benzoate) and AgSal (Sal = salicylate) under different reaction conditions give rise to seven coordination compounds {[Ag4(μ-η,η-NO3)2(μ-η,η(2)-NO3)2](3-bdppmapy)2}n (1), {[Ag4(μ-η,η(2)-NO3)4](3-bdppmapy)2}n (2), {[Ag2(μ-η(2)-OAc)(μ-η,η(2)-OAc)]2(3-bdppmapy)2}n (3), [Ag2(Bz)(μ-η,η(2)-Bz)(H2O)]2(3-bdppmapy)2 (4), {[Ag4(μ-η(2)-Bz)2(μ-η,η(2)-Bz)2](3-bdppmapy)2}n (5), {Ag(Sal)(3-bdppmapy)}n (6) and {[Ag4(Sal)2(μ-η,η(2)-Sal)2](3-bdppmapy)2}n (7). Single crystal X-ray analyses reveal that 1, 5 and 7 have similar 1D chain structures constructed by [Ag4(μ-η(2)-Ox)2(μ-η,η(2)-Ox)2] units (1: Ox(-) = NO3(-); 5: Ox(-) = Bz(-)) or [Ag4(Sal)2(μ-η,η(2)-Sal)2] units (7) and double 3-bdppmapy bridges. Compound 2 has a 2D layer structure derived from [Ag4(μ-η,η(2)-NO3)4] units and single 3-bdppmapy bridges. 3 displays another 2D layer structure formed by [Ag2(μ-η(2)-OAc)(μ-η,η(2)-OAc)] units and double 3-bdppmapy bridges. 4 shows a discrete tetranuclear structure formed by two [Ag2(Bz)(η,η(2),μ-Bz)(H2O)] units and a pair of 3-bdppmapy bridges, while 6 adopts a 1D chain composed by [AgSal] units and single 3-bdppmapy bridges. 6 and 7 as representative samples display high catalytic activity toward the photodegradation of rhodamine B (RhB) in water. Compound 7 shows a better photocatalytic performance than that of 6, which correlates well with the differences in their anodic photocurrent responses and their HOMO-LUMO energy gaps derived from the density function theory (DFT) calculations. The formation of 6 and 7 from AgSal and 3-bdppmapy provides a new approach to the design and assembly of Ag(i)-supported CPs with interesting structural architectures and higher photocatalytic activity. PMID:27183342

  14. Synthesis, crystal structures and luminescent properties of zinc(II) metal–organic frameworks constructed from terpyridyl derivative ligand

    SciTech Connect

    Yang, Xiao-Le; Shangguan, Yi-Qing; Hu, Huai-Ming Xu, Bing; Wang, Bao-Cheng; Xie, Juan; Yuan, Fei; Yang, Meng-Lin; Dong, Fa-Xin; Xue, Gang-Lin

    2014-08-15

    Five zinc(II) metal–organic frameworks, [Zn{sub 3}(344-pytpy){sub 2}Cl{sub 6}]{sub n}·n(H{sub 2}O) (1), [Zn(344-pytpy)(ox)]{sub n} (2), [Zn{sub 2}(344-pytpy)(bdc){sub 2}]{sub n}·1.5n(H{sub 2}O) (3), [Zn{sub 2}(344-pytpy){sub 2} (sfdb){sub 2}]{sub n}·1.5n(H{sub 2}O) (4) and [Zn{sub 3}(344-pytpy){sub 2}(btc){sub 2}]{sub n}·2n(H{sub 2}O) (5), (344-pytpy=4′-(3-pyridyl)-4,2′:6′,4″-terpyridine, H{sub 2}ox=oxalic acid, H{sub 2}bdc=1,4-benzenedi-carboxylic acid, H{sub 2}sfdb=4,4′-sulfonyldibenzoic acid and H{sub 3}btc=1,3,5-benzene-tricarboxylic acid) have been prepared by hydrothermal reactions. Compound 1 is a 1D chain structure, in which 344-pytpy ligand links three Zn{sup II} centers through three of terminal N-donors. Compound 2 is a 4-connected 3D framework with the dia topological net and the Schläfli symbol of 6{sup 6}. Compound 3 displays a unusual 3-fold interpenetrating 3D coordination network which exhibits a new intriguing (3,3,4)-connected topological net with the Schläfli symbol of (4.8{sup 2})(4.8{sup 5})(8{sup 3}). Compound 4 features a two-fold interpenetrating 4-connected 2D framework with the sql topological net and the Schläfli symbol of (4{sup 4}.6{sup 2}). Compound 5 is a new self-interpenetrating (3,3,4,4)-connected topological net with the Schläfli symbol of (6.8{sup 2}){sub 2}(6{sup 2}.8{sup 2}.10.12)(6{sup 2}.8{sup 3}.10){sub 2}(6{sup 2}.8){sub 2}. The luminescence properties of 1–5 have been investigated by emission spectra and they possess great thermal stabilities which can be stable up to around 400 °C. - Graphical abstract: Five new Zn(II) metal–organic frameworks based on dicarboxylate and terpyridyl derivative ligands have been synthesized by hydrothermal reactions, giving networks from 1D to 3D structures. The thermal stability and luminescent property have been investigated. - Highlights: • Five zinc(II) metal–organic frameworks have been prepared under hydrothermal conditions. • Their crystal and

  15. Synthesis, structural elucidation, biological, antioxidant and nuclease activities of some 5-Fluorouracil-amino acid mixed ligand complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shobana, Sutha; Subramaniam, Perumal; Mitu, Liviu; Dharmaraja, Jeyaprakash; Arvind Narayan, Sundaram

    2015-01-01

    Some biologically active mixed ligand complexes (1-9) have been synthesized from 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU; A) and amino acids (B) such as glycine (gly), L-alanine (ala) and L-valine (val) with Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) ions. The synthesized mixed ligand complexes (1-9) were characterized by various physico-chemical, spectral, thermal and morphological studies. 5-Fluorouracil and its mixed ligand complexes have been tested for their in vitro biological activities against some pathogenic bacterial and fungal species by the agar well diffusion method. The in vitro antioxidant activities of 5-Fluorouracil and its complexes have also been investigated by using the DPPH assay method. The results demonstrate that Cu(II) mixed ligand complexes (4-6) exhibit potent biological as well as antioxidant activities compared to 5-Fluorouracil and Ni(II) (1-3) and Zn(II) (7-9) mixed ligand complexes. Further, the cleaving activities of CT DNA under aerobic conditions show moderate activity with the synthesized Cu(II) and Ni(II) mixed ligand complexes (1-6) while no activity is seen with Zn(II) complexes (7-9). Binding studies of CT DNA with these complexes show a decrease in intensity of the charge transfer band to the extent of 5-15% along with a minor red shift. The free energy change values (Δ‡G) calculated from intrinsic binding constants indicate that the interaction between mixed ligand complex and DNA is spontaneous.

  16. Synthesis, structures, and properties of two three-dimensional metal-organic frameworks, based on concurrent ligand extension.

    PubMed

    Shi, Dabin; Ren, Yanwei; Jiang, Huanfeng; Cai, Bowei; Lu, Jiaxian

    2012-06-18

    A tritopic carboxylate ligand, tris(4'-carboxybiphenyl)amine (L-H(3)), has been synthesized and applied in the construction of microporous metal-organic frameworks (MOFs). Two novel metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), {[Zn(2)(L)(OH)]·2DMF·H(2)O}(∞) (1) and {[Cu(L-H)(DMA)]·DMA·2H(2)O}(∞) (2), have been constructed out of L-H(3), Zn(2+), and Cu(2+), respectively. 1 has a 2-fold interpenetrating three-dimensional framework formed by L connectors and the [Zn(2)(CO(2))(3)] secondary building units (SBUs). As for 1, it is worth pointing out that one μ(2)-OH group links two Zn atoms between two neighboring SBUs to produce interesting Zn-O-Zn zigzag chains in the structure. 2 has a two-dimensional grid sheet formed by L-H connectors and the typical paddle-wheel [Cu(2)(CO(2))(4)] SBUs. Two-dimensional (2D) sheets nest with each other, which finally forms a three-dimensional (3D) nested framework. Two MOFs are characterized by infrared (IR) spectroscopy, thermogravimetry, single-crystal and elemental analyses, and powder X-ray diffraction methods. Framework 1' exhibits high permanent porosity (Langmuir surface area = 848 m(2)/g), high thermal stability (up to 450 °C), highly active properties for Friedel-Crafts alkylation reaction, as well as the potential application for the CO(2) gas storage and luminescent material. The catalytic results reveal that 2' is indeed an efficient heterogeneous catalyst for olefin epoxidation reactions. PMID:22670898

  17. Synthesis, structures and Helicobacter pylori urease inhibitory activity of copper(II) complexes with tridentate aroylhydrazone ligands.

    PubMed

    Pan, Lin; Wang, Cunfang; Yan, Kai; Zhao, Kedong; Sheng, Guihua; Zhu, Hailiang; Zhao, Xinlu; Qu, Dan; Niu, Fang; You, Zhonglu

    2016-06-01

    A series of new copper(II) complexes were prepared. They are [CuL(1)(NCS)] (1), [CuClL(1)]·CH3OH (2), [CuClL(2)]·CH3OH (3), [CuL(3)(NCS)]·CH3OH (4), [CuL(4)(NCS)]·0.4H2O (5), and [CuL(5)(bipy)] (6), where L(1), L(2), L(3) and L(4) are the deprotonated form of N'-(2-hydroxybenzylidene)-3-methylbenzohydrazide, 4-bromo-N'-(2-hydroxy-5-methoxybenzylidene)benzohydrazide, N'-(2-hydroxy-5-methoxybenzylidene)-3-methylbenzohydrazide and 2-chloro-N'-(2-hydroxy-5-methoxybenzylidene)benzohydrazide, respectively, L(5) is the dianionic form of N'-(2-hydroxybenzylidene)-3-methylbenzohydrazide, and bipy is 2,2'-bipyridine. The complexes were characterized by infrared and UV-Vis spectra and single crystal X-ray diffraction. The Cu atoms in complexes 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 are coordinated by the NOO donor set of the aroylhydrazone ligands, and one Cl or thiocyanate N atom, forming square planar coordination. The Cu atom in complex 6 is in a square pyramidal coordination, with the NOO donor set of L(1), and one N atom of bipy defining the basal plane, and with the other N atom of bipy occupying the apical position. Complexes 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 show effective urease inhibitory activities, with IC50 values of 5.14, 0.20, 4.06, 5.52 and 0.26μM, respectively. Complex 6 has very weak activity against urease, with IC50 value over 100μM. Molecular docking study of the complexes with the Helicobacter pylori urease was performed. The relationship between structures and urease inhibitory activities indicated that copper complexes with square planar coordination are better models for urease inhibition. PMID:26908284

  18. A 3D porous zinc MOF constructed from a flexible tripodal ligand: Synthesis, structure, and photoluminescence property

    SciTech Connect

    Wen Lili; Wang Dong'e; Wang Chenggang; Wang Feng; Li Dongfeng Deng Kejian

    2009-03-15

    A new metal-organic framework, [Zn{sub 5}(trencba){sub 2}(OH){sub 2}Cl{sub 2}.4H{sub 2}O] (1) [H{sub 3}trencba=N,N,N',N',N'',N''-tris[(4-carboxylate-2-yl)methyl]-tris (2-aminoethyl)amine], constructed from a flexible tripodal ligand based on C{sub 3} symmetric tris(2-aminoethyl)amine, has been synthesized hydrothermally and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, TG, XRD and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Compound 1 contains an unprecedented linear penta-nuclear zinc cluster fragment. Each ligand links four penta-nuclear fragments, and every fragment links eight ligands to generate a three-dimensional non-interpenetrated porous framework. The uncoordinated water molecules were observed trapped in the void pores. Compound 1 represents the first example of (6,8)-connected 3D bi-nodal framework based on a single kind of organic ligand. The photoluminescence measurements showed that complex 1 exhibits relatively stronger blue emissions at room temperature than that of the ligand. - Graphical abstract: The MOF [Zn{sub 5}(trencba){sub 2}(OH){sub 2}Cl{sub 2}.4H{sub 2}O] (H{sub 3}trencba=N,N,N',N',N',N'-tris[(4-carboxylate-2-yl)methyl]-tris (2-aminoethyl)amine) reveals a (6,8)-connected bi-nodal three-dimensional porous framework with unprecedented penta-nuclear fragment, which appears to be a good candidate of hybrid inorganic-organic photoactive materials.

  19. Synthesis, crystal structures and luminescent properties of zinc(II) metal-organic frameworks constructed from terpyridyl derivative ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Xiao-Le; Shangguan, Yi-Qing; Hu, Huai-Ming; Xu, Bing; Wang, Bao-Cheng; Xie, Juan; Yuan, Fei; Yang, Meng-Lin; Dong, Fa-Xin; Xue, Gang-Lin

    2014-08-01

    Five zinc(II) metal-organic frameworks, [Zn3(344-pytpy)2Cl6]n·n(H2O) (1), [Zn(344-pytpy)(ox)]n (2), [Zn2(344-pytpy)(bdc)2]n·1.5n(H2O) (3), [Zn2(344-pytpy)2 (sfdb)2]n·1.5n(H2O) (4) and [Zn3(344-pytpy)2(btc)2]n·2n(H2O) (5), (344-pytpy=4‧-(3-pyridyl)-4,2‧:6‧,4″-terpyridine, H2ox=oxalic acid, H2bdc=1,4-benzenedi-carboxylic acid, H2sfdb=4,4‧-sulfonyldibenzoic acid and H3btc=1,3,5-benzene-tricarboxylic acid) have been prepared by hydrothermal reactions. Compound 1 is a 1D chain structure, in which 344-pytpy ligand links three ZnII centers through three of terminal N-donors. Compound 2 is a 4-connected 3D framework with the dia topological net and the Schläfli symbol of 66. Compound 3 displays a unusual 3-fold interpenetrating 3D coordination network which exhibits a new intriguing (3,3,4)-connected topological net with the Schläfli symbol of (4.82)(4.85)(83). Compound 4 features a two-fold interpenetrating 4-connected 2D framework with the sql topological net and the Schläfli symbol of (44.62). Compound 5 is a new self-interpenetrating (3,3,4,4)-connected topological net with the Schläfli symbol of (6.82)2(62.82.10.12)(62.83.10)2(62.8)2. The luminescence properties of 1-5 have been investigated by emission spectra and they possess great thermal stabilities which can be stable up to around 400 °C.

  20. Synthesis, structure, terahertz spectroscopy and luminescent properties of copper(I) complexes with mercaptan ligands and triphenylphosphine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qiu, Qi-Ming; Liu, Min; Li, Zhong-Feng; Jin, Qiong-Hua; Huang, Xu; Zhang, Zhen-Wei; Zhang, Cun-Lin; Meng, Qing-Xuan

    2014-03-01

    The reactions of copper(I) halides with triphenylphosphine (PPh3) and mercaptan ligand [2-mercapto-6-nitrobenzothiazole (HMNBT), 2-amino-5-mercapto-1,3,4-thiadiazole (HAMTD) and 2-mercapto-5-methyl-benzimidazole (MMBD)] yielded seven complexes, [CuCl(HMNBT)(PPh3)2] (1), [CuX(HMNBT)(PPh3)]2 (X = Cl, Br) (2-3), [Cu(MNBT)(HMNBT)(PPh3)2] (4), [CuBr(HAMTD)(PPh3)2]·CH3OH (5) and [CuX(MMBD)(PPh3)2]·2CH3OH (X = Br, I) (6-7). These complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, X-ray diffraction, 1H NMR and 31P NMR spectroscopy. In these complexes the mercaptan ligands act as monodentate or bridged ligand with S as the coordination atom. In complexes 1 and 4, hydrogen bonds CH⋯X and weak interactions CH⋯π lead to the formation of chains and 2D network respectively, while complexes 2 and 3 are dinuclear. In 5-7, intramolecular hydrogen bonds link the [CuX(thione)(PPh3)2] molecules and the solvated methanol molecules into centrosymmetric dimers. Complexes 1-5 represent first copper(I) halide complexes of HMNBT and HAMTD. The complexes 1, 5, 6 and 7 exhibit interesting fluorescence in the solid state at room temperature and their terahertz (THz) time-domain spectroscopy was also studied.

  1. Metal-ligand synergistic effects in the complex Ni(η(2)-TEMPO)2: synthesis, structures, and reactivity.

    PubMed

    Isrow, Derek; DeYonker, Nathan J; Koppaka, Anjaneyulu; Pellechia, Perry J; Webster, Charles Edwin; Captain, Burjor

    2013-12-16

    In the current investigation, reactions of the "bow-tie" Ni(η(2)-TEMPO)2 complex with an assortment of donor ligands have been characterized experimentally and computationally. While the Ni(η(2)-TEMPO)2 complex has trans-disposed TEMPO ligands, proton transfer from the C-H bond of alkyne substrates (phenylacetylene, acetylene, trimethylsilyl acetylene, and 1,4-diethynylbenzene) produce cis-disposed ligands of the form Ni(η(2)-TEMPO)(κ(1)-TEMPOH)(κ(1)-R). In the case of 1,4-diethynylbenzene, a two-stage reaction occurs. The initial product Ni(η(2)-TEMPO)(κ(1)-TEMPOH)[κ(1)-CC(C6H4)CCH] is formed first but can react further with another equivalent of Ni(η(2)-TEMPO)2 to form the bridged complex Ni(η(2)-TEMPO)(κ(1)-TEMPOH)[κ(1)-κ(1)-CC(C6H4)CC]Ni(η(2)-TEMPO)(κ(1)-TEMPOH). The corresponding reaction with acetylene, which could conceivably also yield a bridging complex, does not occur. Via density functional theory (DFT), addition mechanisms are proposed in order to rationalize thermodynamic and kinetic selectivity. Computations have also been used to probe the relative thermodynamic stabilities of the cis and trans addition products and are in accord with experimental results. Based upon the computational results and the geometry of the experimentally observed product, a trans-cis isomerization must occur. PMID:24262003

  2. Synthesis and Structure of a Ternary Copper(II) Complex with Mixed Ligands of Diethylenetriamine and Picrate: DNA/Protein-Binding Property and In Vitro Anticancer Activity Studies.

    PubMed

    Shi, Ya-Ning; Zheng, Kang; Zhu, Ling; Li, Yan-Tuan; Wu, Zhi-Yong; Yan, Cui-Wei

    2015-05-01

    Based on the importance of the design and synthesis of transition metal complexes with noncovalent DNA/protein-binding abilities in the field of metallo pharmaceuticals, a new mononuclear ternary copper(II) complex with mixed ligands of diethylenetriamine (dien) and picrate anion (pic), identified as [Cu(dien)(pic)](pic), was synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductivity measurement, infrared spectrum, electronic spectral studies, and single-crystal X-ray diffractometry. The structure analysis reveals that the copper(II) complex crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P21 /c, and the copper(II) ion has a distorted square pyramidal coordination geometry. A two-dimensional supramolecular structure is formed through hydrogen bonds. The DNA/bovine serum albumin (BSA)-binding properties of the complex are explored, indicating that the complex can interact with herring sperm DNA via intercalation mode and bind to BSA responsible for quenching of tryptophan fluorescence by static quenching mechanism. The in vitro anticancer activity shows that the copper(II) complex is active against the selected tumor cell lines. PMID:25652782

  3. Dicopper(II) and Dizinc(II) Complexes with Nonsymmetric Dinucleating Ligands Based on Indolo[3,2-c]quinolines: Synthesis, Structure, Cytotoxicity, and Intracellular Distribution

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Dicopper(II) and dizinc(II) complexes [Cu2(MeOOCLCOO)(CH3COO)2] (1) and [Zn2(MeOOCLCOO)(CH3COO)2] (2) were synthesized by reaction of Cu(CH3COO)2·H2O and Zn(CH3COO)2·2H2O with a new nonsymmetric dinucleating ligand EtOOCHLCOOEt prepared by condensation of 6-hydrazinyl-11H-indolo[3,2-c]quinoline with diethyl-2,2′-((3-formyl-2-hydroxy-5-methylbenzyl)azanediyl)diacetate. The design and synthesis of this elaborate ligand was performed with the aim of increasing the aqueous solubility of indolo[3,2-c]quinolines, known as biologically active compounds, and investigating the antiproliferative activity in human cancer cell lines and the cellular distribution by exploring the intrinsic fluorescence of the indoloquinoline scaffold. The compounds have been comprehensively characterized by elemental analysis, spectroscopic methods (IR, UV–vis, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy), ESI mass spectrometry, magnetic susceptibility measurements, and UV–vis complex formation studies (for 1) as well as by X-ray crystallography (1 and 2). The antiproliferative activity of EtOOCHLCOOEt, 1, and 2 was determined by the MTT assay in three human cancer cell lines, namely, A549 (nonsmall cell lung carcinoma), CH1 (ovarian carcinoma), and SW480 (colon adenocarcinoma), yielding IC50 values in the micromolar concentration range and showing dependence on the cell line. The effect of metal coordination on cytotoxicity of EtOOCHLCOOEt is also discussed. The subcellular distribution of EtOOCHLCOOEt and 2 was investigated by fluorescence microscopy, revealing similar localization for both compounds in cytoplasmic structures. PMID:23952332

  4. Synthesis, Crystal Structures and Physical Properties of TTF-Based Conducting Charge Transfer Salts with Anions Containing Selenocyanate Ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Turner, Scott S.; Le Pévelen, Delphine; Day, Peter; Prout, Keith

    2002-11-01

    Three new charge transfer salts of tetrathiafulvalene (TTF)-based donors with selenocyanate-metal complex anions have been synthesized. The salts have been characterized as BEDT-TTF 4[Cr(NCSe) 6]·CH 2Cl 2, II, TTF 3[Cr(NCSe) 4phen] 2, III and BEDT-TTF 2[Cr(NCSe) 4phen]·CH 2Cl 2, IV, where phen=1,10'-phenanthroline and BEDT-TTF=bis(ethylenedithio)tetrathiafulvalene. At 120 K, II crystallizes in the P2 1/ m space group with a= 10.454(1), b= 31.990(1), c= 12.339(1) Å, β= 113.163(2)°, V= 3793.8Å 3, Z= 4 and at 240 K in the same space group with a= 10.530(1), b=32.122(1), c= 12.396(1) Å, β=113.186(3)°, V=3854.2 Å 3, Z=4. At 240 K III crystallizes in the C2/ c space group, a=38.9272(5), b=11.2992(1), c=15.2540(3) Å, β=106.8877(6)°, V=6420.1 Å 3, Z=8. The structure of IV has been solved in the Poverline1 space group with a=8.7629(3), b=11.7977(4), c=26.6031(9), α=81.697(2), β=87.858(3), γ=74.8471(14), V=2626.8 Å 3, Z=2. All of the salts have numerous S·Se close atomic contacts between donors and acceptors but there is no magnetic exchange between ions, as previously seen in closely related salts such as TTF[Cr(NCS) 4phen] and (donor)[ M(NCS) 4(isoquinoline) 2], where M=Cr, Fe and donor=TTF, BEDT-TTF or TMTTF (tetramethyltetrathiafulvalene). Indeed, II and IV are paramagnetic semiconductors whereas III is a paramagnetic insulator. The absence of long-range magnetic order is discussed in terms of structure-function relations since there are no π-stacking interactions between donor and acceptor, which are seen in all of the bulk magnets of this type where the donor spin is magnetically coupled to the anion. The synthesis and crystal structure of the starting material, [(C 4H 9) 4N] 3[Cr(NCSe) 6], I, is also reported; it crystallizes in the Poverline1 space group with a=12.220(1), b=12.814(1), c=13.008(1) Å, α=99.608(6), β=114.028(5), γ=92.637(6)°, V=1819.5 Å 3, Z=2.

  5. Synthesis, structural characterization and antimicrobial activities of diorganotin(IV) complexes with azo-imino carboxylic acid ligand: Crystal structure and topological study of a doubly phenoxide-bridged dimeric dimethyltin(IV) complex appended with free carboxylic acid groups

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Roy, Manojit; Roy, Subhadip; Devi, N. Manglembi; Singh, Ch. Brajakishor; Singh, Keisham Surjit

    2016-09-01

    Diorganotin(IV) complexes appended with free carboxylic acids were synthesized by reacting diorganotin(IV) dichlorides [R2SnCl2; R = Me (1), Bu (2) and Ph (3)] with an azo-imino carboxylic acid ligand i.e. 2-{4-hydroxy-3-[(2-hydroxyphenylimino)methyl]phenylazo}benzoic acid in presence of triethylamine. The complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, IR and multinuclear NMR (1H, 13C and 119Sn) spectroscopy. The structure of 1 in solid state has been determined by X-ray crystallography. Crystal structure of 1 reveals that the compound crystallizes in monoclinic space group P21/c and is a dimeric dimethyltin(IV) complex appended with free carboxylic acid groups. In the structure of 1, the Sn(IV) atoms are hexacoordinated and have a distorted octahedral coordination geometry in which two phenoxy oxygen atoms and the azomethine nitrogen atom of the ligand coordinate to each tin atom. One of the phenoxy oxygen atom bridges the two tin centers resulting in a planar Sn2O2 core. Topological analysis is used for the description of molecular packing in 1. Tin NMR spectroscopy study indicates that the complexes have five coordinate geometry around tin atom in solution state. Since the complexes have free carboxylic acids, these compounds could be further used as potential metallo-ligands for the synthesis of other complexes. The synthesized diorganotin(IV) complexes were also screened for their antimicrobial activities and compound 2 showed effective antimicrobial activities.

  6. A modular approach to neutral P,N-ligands: synthesis and coordination chemistry

    PubMed Central

    Blasius, Clemens K; Intorp, Sebastian N; Wadepohl, Hubert

    2016-01-01

    Summary We report the modular synthesis of three different types of neutral κ2-P,N-ligands comprising an imine and a phosphine binding site. These ligands were reacted with rhodium, iridium and palladium metal precursors and the structures of the resulting complexes were elucidated by means of X-ray crystallography. We observed that subtle changes of the ligand backbone have a significant influence on the binding geometry und coordination properties of these bidentate P,N-donors. PMID:27340475

  7. Oxa-Pictet-Spengler reaction as key step in the synthesis of novel σ receptor ligands with 2-benzopyran structure.

    PubMed

    Knappmann, Inga; Schepmann, Dirk; Wünsch, Bernhard

    2016-09-15

    The Oxa-Pictet-Spengler reaction of methyl 3-hydroxy-4-phenylbutanoate (8) was explored to obtain novel σ receptor ligands. 1-Acyl protected piperidone ketals 10 and 11 reacted with phenylethanol 8 to yield spirocyclic compounds. Aliphatic aldehyde acetals 19 provided 1,3-disubstituted 2-benzopyrans 20 with high cis-diastereoselectivity. The intramolecular Oxa-Pictet-Spengler reaction of 24 led to the tricyclic compound 25. The spirocyclic compounds 18 show high σ1 affinity (Ki 20-26nM) and σ1/σ2 selectivity (>9-fold), when a large substituent (n-octyl, benzyl, phenylpropyl) is attached to the piperidine N-atom. Opening of the piperidine ring to yield aminoethyl (22, 23) or aminomethyl derivatives (21) resulted in reduced σ1 affinity and σ1/σ2 selectivity. PMID:27396684

  8. Potent HIV-1 protease inhibitors incorporating meso-bicyclic urethanes as P2-ligands: structure-based design, synthesis, biological evaluation and protein-ligand X-ray studies

    SciTech Connect

    Ghosh, Arun; Gemma, Sandra; Takayama, Jun; Baldridge, Abigail; Leshchenko-Yashchuk, Sofiya; Miller, Heather; Wang, Yuan-Fang; Kovalevsky, Andrey; Koh, Yashiro; Weber, Irene; Mitsuya, Hiroaki

    2008-12-05

    Recently, we designed a series of novel HIV-1 protease inhibitors incorporating a stereochemically defined bicyclic fused cyclopentyl (Cp-THF) urethane as the high affinity P2-ligand. Inhibitor 1 with this P2-ligand has shown very impressive potency against multi-drug-resistant clinical isolates. Based upon the 1-bound HIV-1 protease X-ray structure, we have now designed and synthesized a number of meso-bicyclic ligands which can conceivably interact similarly to the Cp-THF ligand. The design of meso-ligands is quite attractive as they do not contain any stereocenters. Inhibitors incorporating urethanes of bicyclic-1,3-dioxolane and bicyclic-1,4-dioxane have shown potent enzyme inhibitory and antiviral activities. Inhibitor 2 (K{sub i} = 0.11 nM; IC{sub 50} = 3.8 nM) displayed very potent antiviral activity in this series. While inhibitor 3 showed comparable enzyme inhibitory activity (K{sub i} = 0.18 nM) its antiviral activity (IC{sub 50} = 170 nM) was significantly weaker than inhibitor 2. Inhibitor 2 maintained an antiviral potency against a series of multi-drug resistant clinical isolates comparable to amprenavir. A protein-ligand X-ray structure of 3-bound HIV-1 protease revealed a number of key hydrogen bonding interactions at the S2-subsite. We have created an active model of inhibitor 2 based upon this X-ray structure.

  9. Synthesis, characterization and crystal structure of some bidentate heterocyclic Schiff base ligands of 4-toluoyl pyrazolones and its mononuclear Cu(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vyas, Komal M.; Jadeja, R. N.; Gupta, Vivek K.; Surati, K. R.

    2011-03-01

    We depict the synthesis of a new set of six bidentate heterocyclic Schiff base ligands, formed by the condensation of three different 4-toluoyl pyrazolones with various aromatic amines in ethanolic medium. All of these ligands have been characterized on the basis of elemental analysis, IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and Mass spectral data. The molecular geometries of three of these ligands have been determined by single crystal X-ray study. It reveals that these ligands exist in amine-one tautomeric form in the solid state. The reaction of these ligands with copper(II) resulted in the formation of mononuclear complexes having the general composition [CuL 2(H 2O) 2] with two water molecules at axial positions. These complexes have been characterized on the basis of elemental analysis, Cu-estimation, molar conductivity, magnetic measurements, IR, UV-Visible, FAB-Mass, TG-DTA-DSC data, cyclic voltametric measurements and ESR spectral studies. ESR spectra and magnetic susceptibility measurements indicates distorted octahedral stereochemistry of Cu(II) complexes, while non-electrolytic behaviour of complexes indicates the absence of counter ion.

  10. Synthesis, structure, and antiproliferative activity of ruthenium(II) arene complexes with N,O-chelating pyrazolone-based β-ketoamine ligands.

    PubMed

    Pettinari, Riccardo; Marchetti, Fabio; Pettinari, Claudio; Petrini, Agnese; Scopelliti, Rosario; Clavel, Catherine M; Dyson, Paul J

    2014-12-15

    Novel ruthenium half-sandwich complexes containing (N,O)-bound pyrazolone-based β-ketoamine ligands have been prepared, and the solid-state structures of one ligand and five complexes have been determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Some of the complexes display moderate cytotoxicity toward the human ovarian cancer cell lines A2780 and A2780cisR, the latter line having acquired resistance to cisplatin. PMID:25412203

  11. Synthesis and characterisation of a mesocyclic tripodal triamine ligand.

    PubMed

    Ure, Andrew D; Lázaro, Isabel Abánades; Cotter, Michelle; McDonald, Aidan R

    2016-01-14

    Meso- and macrocyclic polydentate amine ligands have been widely explored in oxidation catalysis and for the stabilization of unstable metal-superoxide, -peroxide, and -oxo intermediates. Herein we report on the design and synthesis of a novel mesocyclic, tripodal, triamine ligand that we believe will be an excellent addition to this field. We explored a number of synthetic procedures towards the mesocyclic asymmetric tetraalkylated ligand 1. We expect that 1 will bind metals in a facially capping manner, yielding complexes that display pseudo-tetrahedral geometry, potentially providing access to unprecedented late transition metal-oxo complexes (metal = Co, Ni, Cu). We describe the preparation of a library of mesocyclic polyamine synthons (8, 16, 17, 18, 19) that are precursors in the synthesis of 1. These synthons will be used to tailor the electronic properties of metal complexes of 1 and derivatives thereof. The X-ray crystal structures of 19 and mono- and di-protonated forms of 1b show that the triamine crystalises in a boat–chair conformation which is undesirable for metal coordination. However, solution (1)H NMR studies show that in solution both 19 and the tetraalkylated derivative 1b are remarkably flexible. 1b reacted with [CuI(NCCH3)4](OTf) yielding a 1:1 copper(I) complex [CuI(NCCH3)(1b)](+). PMID:26488232

  12. Rule of five in 2015 and beyond: Target and ligand structural limitations, ligand chemistry structure and drug discovery project decisions.

    PubMed

    Lipinski, Christopher A

    2016-06-01

    The rule of five (Ro5), based on physicochemical profiles of phase II drugs, is consistent with structural limitations in protein targets and the drug target ligands. Three of four parameters in Ro5 are fundamental to the structure of both target and drug binding sites. The chemical structure of the drug ligand depends on the ligand chemistry and design philosophy. Two extremes of chemical structure and design philosophy exist; ligands constructed in the medicinal chemistry synthesis laboratory without input from natural selection and natural product (NP) metabolites biosynthesized based on evolutionary selection. Exceptions to Ro5 are found mostly among NPs. Chemistry chameleon-like behavior of some NPs due to intra-molecular hydrogen bonding as exemplified by cyclosporine A is a strong contributor to NP Ro5 outliers. The fragment derived, drug Navitoclax is an example of the extensive expertise, resources, time and key decisions required for the rare discovery of a non-NP Ro5 outlier. PMID:27154268

  13. Synthesis, crystal structure, fluorescence and electrochemical studies of a new tridentate Schiff base ligand and its nickel(II) and palladium(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shafaatian, Bita; Soleymanpour, Ahmad; Kholghi Oskouei, Nasim; Notash, Behrouz; Rezvani, Seyyed Ahmad

    2014-07-01

    A new unsymmetrical tridentate Schiff base ligand was derived from the 1:1 M condensation of ortho-vanillin with 2-mercaptoethylamine. Nickel and palladium complexes were obtained by the reaction of the tridentate Schiff base ligand with nickel(II) acetate tetrahydrate and palladium(II) acetate in 2:1 M ratio. In nickel and palladium complexes the ligand was coordinated to metals via the imine N and enolic O atoms. The S groups of Schiff bases were not coordinated to the metals and S-S coupling was occured. The complexes have been found to possess 1:2 Metal:Ligand stoichiometry and the molar conductance data revealed that the metal complexes were non-electrolytes. The complexes exhibited octahedral coordination geometry. The emission spectra of the ligand and its complexes were studied in methanol. Electrochemical properties of the ligand and its metal complexes were investigated in the CH3CN solvent at the 100 mV s-1 scan rate. The ligand and metal complexes showed both reversible and quasi-reversible processes at this scan rate. The Schiff base and its complexes have been characterized by IR, 1H NMR, UV/Vis, elemental analyses and conductometry. The crystal structure of nickel complex has been determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction.

  14. Synthesis, structure and thermal stability of ternary metal complexes based on polycarboxylate and N-heterocyclic ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fang, Ming-Jin; Li, Ming-Xing; He, Xiang; Shao, Min; Pang, Wei; Zhu, Shou-Rong

    2009-03-01

    The reactions of metal salts with pyrazine-2,3-dicarboxylic acid (H 2pzdc), pyridine-2,5-dicarboxylic acid (H 2pydc), pyrazine-2,3,5,6-tetracarboxylic acid (H 4pztc), 4,4'-bipyridine (bipy) and 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) afforded four new ternary complexes, namely [Co 2(pzdc) 2(bipy)(H 2O) 2] n·3 nH 2O ( 1), [Zn 2(pzdc) 2(bipy)(H 2O) 2] n·3 nH 2O ( 2), [Co(pydc) 2(H 2O) 2](H 2bipy) ( 3) and [Cu 2(pztc)(phen) 2(H 2O) 2]·2HNO 3·2H 2O ( 4). The metal centers are all six-coordinated. Compounds 1 and 2 are 2D coordination polymers exhibiting wave-like polymeric networks. The 2D layers are stacked in an interpenetrating mode to form double-layered frameworks, which possess ˜8 Å×6 Å tunnels occupied by (H 2O) 6 clusters. Compound 3 is a mononuclear supramolecular compound in which 4,4'-bipyridine is protonated and acted as a cationic building block. Compound 4 is a centro-symmetric binuclear complex. Pztc 4- as a hexadentate ligand coordinates to two Cu(II) ions to form four chelating rings. Phen are arranged in an ABAB parallel fashion to form a supramolecular architecture incorporating HNO 3 lattice molecule. The thermal stabilities of 1- 4 and luminescence of zinc complex 2 were also investigated.

  15. Synthesis, structure, photophysical and electrochemiluminescence properties of Re(I) tricarbonyl complexes incorporating pyrazolyl-pyridyl-based ligands.

    PubMed

    Wei, Qiao-Hua; Xiao, Fang-Nan; Han, Li-Jing; Zeng, Shen-Liang; Duan, Ya-Nan; Chen, Guo-Nan

    2011-05-14

    Three rhenium carbonyl complexes 1-3 were synthesized by reaction of the appropriate bidentate pyrazolyl-pyridyl-based ligand L1, L2 (L1 = 2-[1-{4-(bromomethyl)benzyl}-1H-pyrazol-3-yl]pyridine; L2 = 1,4-bis(3-(2-pyridyl)pyrazol-1-ylmethyl)benzene) with [Re(CO)(5)Cl] in toluene. They were characterized by elemental analyses, ESI-MS, (1)H spectroscopy, and X-ray crystallography for 1 and 2. Compounds 1-3 exhibit bright yellow-green luminescence in the solid state and in solution at 298 K with the lifetimes in the microsecond range. It is noteworthy that the luminescent quantum efficiencies of compounds 1-3 are between 0.040 and 0.051, which are much higher than that of the [Re(bpy)(CO)(3)Cl] complex (= 0.019) (M. M. Richter et al., Anal. Chem., 1996, 68, 4370; J. Van Houten et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1976, 98, 4853). Electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL) was observed in solutions of these complexes in the absence or presence of coreactant tri-n-propylamine (TPrA) or 2-(dibutylamino)ethanol (DBAE) by stepping the potential of a Pt disk working electrode. The ECL spectra are identical to the photoluminescence spectra, indicating that the chemical reactions following electrochemical oxidation or reduction form the same (3)MLCT excited states as that generated in the photoluminescence experiments. In most cases, the ECL quantum efficiencies of complexes 1-3 are comparable to that of the [Re(L)(CO)(3)Cl] (L = bpy or phen) system. Oxygen tends to substantially decrease ECL intensities of the three rhenium complexes-TPrA system, which could allow them to be used as oxygen sensors. PMID:21451882

  16. Synthesis, structure, DFT calculations, electrochemistry, fluorescence, DNA binding and molecular docking aspects of a novel oxime based ligand and its palladium(II) complex.

    PubMed

    Bandyopadhyay, Nirmalya; Pradhan, Ankur Bikash; Das, Suman; Lu, Liping; Zhu, Miaoli; Chowdhury, Shubhamoy; Naskar, Jnan Prakash

    2016-07-01

    A novel oxime based ligand, phenyl-(pyridine-2-yl-hydrazono)-acetaldehyde oxime (LH), and its palladium(II) complex (1) have been synthesised and spectroscopically characterised. The ligand crystallizes in the monoclinic space group (P21/c). The X-ray crystal structure of the ligand shows that it forms a hydrogen bonded helical network. The ligand has been characterised by C, H and N microanalyses, (1)H and (13)C NMR, ESI-MS, FT-IR and UV-Vis spectral measurements. Geometry optimizations at the level of DFT show that the Pd(II) centre is nested in a square-planar 'N3Cl' coordination chromophore. The diamagnetic palladium complex has been characterised by C, H and N microanalyses, FAB-MS, FT-IR, UV-Vis spectra and molar electrical conductivity measurements. The observed electronic spectrum of 1 correlates with our theoretical findings as evaluated through TD-DFT. 1 displays quasi-reversible Pd(II)/Pd(III) and Pd(III)/Pd(IV) redox couples in its CV in acetonitrile. 1 is nine-fold more emissive with respect to the binding ligand. Biophysical studies have been carried out to show the DNA binding aspects of both the ligand and complex. The binding constants for the ligand and complex were found to be 3.93×10(4) and 1.38×10(3)M(-1) respectively. To have an insight into the mode of binding of LH and 1 with CT DNA a hydrodynamic study was also undertaken. The mode of binding has also been substantiated through molecular docking. A promising groove binding efficacy has been revealed for the ligand. PMID:27179300

  17. Synthesis, structures, luminescent and magnetic properties of four coordination polymers with the flexible 1,3-phenylenediacetate ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gu, Jin-Zhong; Lv, Dong-Yu; Gao, Zhu-Qing; Liu, Jian-Zhao; Dou, Wei; Tang, Yu

    2011-03-01

    Four coordination polymers, [Zn(pda)(bpy)(H 2O)] n· nH 2O ( 1), [Cd(pda)(prz)(H 2O)] n ( 2), [Co 3( μ3-OH) 2(pda) 2(pyz)] n·2 nH 2O ( 3) and [Pr 2(pda) 3(H 2O) 2] n ( 4) (H 2pda=1,3-phenylendiacetic acid, bpy=4,4'-bipyridine, prz=piperazine and pyz=pyrazine) have been hydrothermally synthesized and characterized. Complex 1 is a 1D wheel-like chain structure, which is further extended into a 3D metal-organic supramolecular framework by H-bonds and π- π stacking interactions. Complex 2 is a 1D ladder-like chain structure, which is also further extended into a 3D metal-organic supramolecular framework by H-bonds. Complex 3 possess a 2D sheet structure with infrequent two pairs of double-helix chains. Complex 4 features a 3D structure. Both 1 and 2 display strong blue fluorescent emission at room temperature. Magnetic susceptibility measurements of complexes 3 and 4 exhibit antiferromagnetic interactions between the nearest metal ions, with C=9.99 and 3.43 cm 3 mol -1 K, and θ=-23.9 and -46.3 K, respectively.

  18. Half-sandwich nickel complexes with ring-expanded NHC ligands - synthesis, structure and catalytic activity in Kumada-Tamao-Corriu coupling.

    PubMed

    Banach, Ł; Guńka, P A; Buchowicz, W

    2016-06-01

    The general synthesis of [Ni(Cp)(X)(NHC)] complexes from a nickel halide, CpLi, and a carbene solution is reported. This procedure yields unprecedented complexes with ring-expanded NHC ligands (RE-NHC) of six- (1a, 1b), seven- (1c), and eight-membered (1d) heterocycles. The NMR spectra of 1a-1d are consistent with the hindered rotation of Ni-Ccarbene and N-CMes bonds, while X-ray analyses of 1b, 1c, and 1d reveal a pronounced trans influence of the RE-NHC ligands. Complexes 1a-1e are efficient pre-catalysts in Kumada-Tamao-Corriu coupling with the maximum efficiency observed for complexes bearing the six-membered NHC. PMID:26853761

  19. Proton-ionizable crown compounds. 1. Synthesis, complexation properties, and structural studies of macrocyclic polyether-diester ligands containing a triazole subcyclic unit

    SciTech Connect

    Bradshaw, J.S.; Chamberlin, D.A.; Harrison, P.E.; Wilson, B.E.; Arena, G.; Dalley, N.K.; Lamb, J.D.; Izatt, R.M.; Morin, F.G.; Grant, D.M.

    1985-08-23

    A series of macrocyclic polyether-diester ligands containing a proton-ionizable triazole subcyclic unit has been prepared. The crystal structure of one ligand shows that it forms a hydrate with the water molecule located in the macrocyclic cavity. The water is coordinated by hydrogen bonding to two oxygen atoms of the macrocycle and to the NH group of the triazole moiety. These macrocycles also form complexes with amines. These amine complexes are kinetically more stable than complexes formed by the triazole ligands with the corresponding alkylammonium perchlorate salts. The crystal structure of one of these complexes shows that the triazole ring has donated a proton to the amine group. 41 references, 4 figures, 2 tables.

  20. Synthesis, Crystal Structure, Spectroscopic Properties, and Interaction with Ct-DNA of Zn(II) with 2-Aminoethanethiol Hydrochloride Ligand.

    PubMed

    Shu, Xu-Gang; Wu, Chun-Li; Li, Cui-Jin; Zhang, Min; Wan, Ke; Wu, Xin

    2016-01-01

    The zinc(II) complex (C2H6NS)2Zn·ZnCl2 was synthesized with 2-aminoethanethiol hydrochloride and zinc sulfate heptahydrate as the raw materials in aqueous solution. The composition and structure of the complex were characterized by elemental analysis, infrared spectra, single crystal X-ray diffraction, and thermogravimetry. The crystal structure of the zinc(II) complex belongs to monoclinic system, space group P  21/n, with cell parameters of a = 0.84294(4), b = 0.83920(4), c = 1.65787(8) nm, Z = 2, and D = 2.041 g/cm(3). In this paper, the interaction of complex with Ct-DNA was investigated by UV-visible and viscosimetric techniques. Upon addition of the complex, important changes were observed in the characteristic UV-Vis bands (hyperchromism) of calf thymus DNA and some changes in specific viscosity. The experimental results showed that the complex is bound to DNA intercalative (intercalation binding). PMID:26977140

  1. Synthesis, Crystal Structure, Spectroscopic Properties, and Interaction with Ct-DNA of Zn(II) with 2-Aminoethanethiol Hydrochloride Ligand

    PubMed Central

    Shu, Xu-gang; Wu, Chun-li; Li, Cui-jin; Zhang, Min; Wan, Ke; Wu, Xin

    2016-01-01

    The zinc(II) complex (C2H6NS)2Zn·ZnCl2 was synthesized with 2-aminoethanethiol hydrochloride and zinc sulfate heptahydrate as the raw materials in aqueous solution. The composition and structure of the complex were characterized by elemental analysis, infrared spectra, single crystal X-ray diffraction, and thermogravimetry. The crystal structure of the zinc(II) complex belongs to monoclinic system, space group P  21/n, with cell parameters of a = 0.84294(4), b = 0.83920(4), c = 1.65787(8) nm, Z = 2, and D = 2.041 g/cm3. In this paper, the interaction of complex with Ct-DNA was investigated by UV-visible and viscosimetric techniques. Upon addition of the complex, important changes were observed in the characteristic UV-Vis bands (hyperchromism) of calf thymus DNA and some changes in specific viscosity. The experimental results showed that the complex is bound to DNA intercalative (intercalation binding). PMID:26977140

  2. Glyconanomaterials: Synthesis, Characterization, and Ligand Presentation

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Xin

    2010-01-01

    Glyconanomaterials, nanomaterials carrying surface-tethered carbohydrate ligands, have emerged and demonstrated increasing potential in biomedical imaging, therapeutics, and diagnostics. These materials combine the unique properties of nanometer-scale objects with the ability to present multiple copies of carbohydrate ligands, greatly enhancing the weak affinity of individual ligands to their binding partners. Critical to the performance of glyconanomaterials is the proper display of carbohydrate ligands, taking into consideration of the coupling chemistry, the type and length of the spacer linkage, and the ligand density. This article provides an overview of the coupling chemistry for attaching carbohydrate ligands to nanomaterials, and discusses the need for thorough characterization of glyconanomaterials, especially quantitative analyses of the ligand density and binding affinities. Using glyconanoparticles synthesized by a versatile photocoupling chemistry, methods for determining the ligand density by colorimetry and the binding affinity with lectins by a fluorescence competition assay are determined. The results show that the multivalent presentation of carbohydrate ligands significantly enhances the binding affinity by several orders of magnitude in comparison to the free ligands in solution. The effect is sizeable even at low surface ligand density. The type and length of the spacer linkage also affect the binding affinity, with the longer linkage promoting the association of bound ligands with the corresponding lectins. PMID:20301131

  3. Synthesis, structural characterization, reactivity, and catalytic properties of copper(I) complexes with a series of tetradentate tripodal tris(pyrazolylmethyl)amine ligands.

    PubMed

    Haldón, Estela; Delgado-Rebollo, Manuela; Prieto, Auxiliadora; Alvarez, Eleuterio; Maya, Celia; Nicasio, M Carmen; Pérez, Pedro J

    2014-04-21

    Novel tris(pyrazolylmethyl)amine ligands Tpa(Me3), Tpa*(,Br), and Tpa(Br3) have been synthesized and structurally characterized. The coordination chemistries of these three new tetradentate tripodal ligands and the already known Tpa and Tpa* have been explored using different copper(I) salts as starting materials. Cationic copper(I) complexes [Tpa(x)Cu]PF6 (1-4) have been isolated from the reaction of [Cu(NCMe)4]PF6 and 1 equiv of the ligand. Complexes 2 (Tpa(x) = Tpa*) and 3 (Tpa(x) = Tpa(Me3)) have been characterized by X-ray studies. The former is a 1D helical coordination polymer, and the latter is a tetranuclear helicate. In both structures, the Tpa(x) ligand adopts a μ(2):κ(2):κ(1)-coordination mode. However, in solution, all of the four complexes form fluxional species. When CuI is used as the copper(I) source, neutral compounds 5-8 have been obtained. Complexes 6-8 exhibit a 1:1 metal-to-ligand ratio, whereas 5 presents 2:1 stoichiometry. Its solid-state structure has been determined by X-ray diffraction, revealing its 3D polymeric nature. The polymer is composed by the assembly of [Tpa2Cu4I4] units, in which Cu4I4 presents a step-stair structure. The Tpa ligands bridge the Cu4I4 clusters, adopting also a μ(2):κ(2):κ(1)-coordination mode. As observed for the cationic derivatives, the NMR spectra of 5-8 show the equivalence of the three pyrazolyl arms of the ligands in these complexes. The reactivities of cationic copper(I) derivatives 1-4 with PPh3 and CO have been explored. In all cases, 1:1 adducts [Tpa(x)CuL]PF6 [L = PPh3 (9-11), CO (12-15)] have been isolated. The crystal structure of [Tpa*Cu(PPh3)]PF6 (9) has been obtained, showing that the coordination geometry around copper(I) is trigonal-pyramidal with the apical position occupied by the tertiary amine N atom. The Tpa* ligand binds the Cu center to three of its four N atoms, with one pyrazolyl arm remaining uncoordinated. In solution, the carbonyl adducts 13-15 exist as a mixture of two

  4. Organometallic ruthenium complexes with thiosemicarbazone ligands: Synthesis, structure and cytotoxicity of [(η6-p-cymene)Ru(NS)Cl]+ (NS = 9-anthraldehyde thiosemicarbazones)

    PubMed Central

    Beckford, Floyd A.; Leblanc, Gabriel; Thessing, Jeffrey; Shaloski, Michael; Frost, Brian J.; Li, Liya; Seeram, Navindra P.

    2009-01-01

    A series of half-sandwich arene-ruthenium complexes of the type [(η6-p-cymene) Ru(thiosemicarbazone)Cl]+ have been synthesized and their biological activity investigated. The first structurally characterized arene-ruthenium half-sandwich complex with a thiosemicarbazone ligand is reported. PMID:20160909

  5. Double-stranded helical lanthanide(III) supramolecular networks with rigid diimine ligands: Synthesis, structure, and physical properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mao, Hongyan; Zhang, Changzheng; Shi, Haiyun

    2011-11-01

    Two lanthanide coordination complexes [Nd(NO3)3(CH3OH)2(4,4‧-bipy)2] (1) (4,4‧-bipy=4,4‧-bipyridine) and [4,4‧-Hbipy][La(NO3)4(H2O)2(4,4‧-bipy)] (2), with a salt of cationic diprotonated 4,4‧-bipy, [2(4,4‧-H2bipy)][4(NO3)] (3), have been identified and isolated from a methanol solution of Ln(NO3)3·6H2O, 4,4‧-bipyridine and pyrazine in 1:2:1 ratio. Their structures have been determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses, which reveal that 1 has an interesting three-dimensional supramolecular architecture containing 21 double-stranded helical chains through hydrogen bonding and π-π interactions, while 2 and 3 have well defined infinite chiral 3D open networks that undergo self-interpenetration. The electrospray ionization mass spectra (ESI-MS) indicate that the covalent complex has higher stability than the electrostatic bonding one. ESI-MS/MS of these ions reveal that the Ln-O bond forms a stronger coordinated bonding than that of Ln-N system and the nitrate anion remains bound to the lanthanide centers after complete dissociation in methanol solution.

  6. Novel lanthanide(II) complexes supported by carbon-bridged biphenolate ligands: synthesis, structure and catalytic activity.

    PubMed

    Deng, Mingyu; Yao, Yingming; Shen, Qi; Zhang, Yong; Sun, Jin

    2004-03-21

    [Ln[N(SiMe3)2]2(THF)2](Ln = Sm, Yb) reacts with 1 equiv. of carbon-bridged biphenols, 2,2'-methylene-bis(6-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol)(L1H2) or 2,2'-ethylidene-bis(4,6-di-tert-butylphenol)(L2H2), in toluene to give the novel aryloxide lanthanide(II) complexes [[LnL1(THF)n]2](Ln = Sm, n = 3 (1); Ln = Yb, n = 2 (2)) and [[LnL2(THF)3]2](Ln = Sm (5); Ln = Yb (6)) in quantitative yield, respectively. Addition of 2 equiv. of hexamethylphosphoric triamide (HMPA) to a tetrahydrofuran (THF) solution of 1, 2 and 5 affords the corresponding HMPA-coordinated complexes, [[LnL1(THF)m(HMPA)n]2(THF)y](Ln = Sm, n = 2, m = 0, y = 2 (3); Ln = Yb, m = 1, n = 1, y = 6 (4)) and [[SmL2(HMPA)2]2](7) in excellent yields. The single-crystal structural analyses of 3, 4 and 7 revealed that these aryloxide lanthanide(II) complexes are dimeric with two Ln-O bridges. The coordination geometry of each lanthanide metal can be best described as a distorted trigonal bipyramid. Complexes 1-3, 5 and 7 can catalyze the ring-opening polymerization of epsilon-caprolactone (epsilon-CL), and 1-3, along with 5 show moderate activity for the ring-opening polymerization of 2,2-dimethyltrimethylene carbonate (DTC) and the copolymerization of epsilon-CL and DTC to give random copolymers with high molecular weights and relatively narrow molecular weight distributions.. PMID:15252483

  7. Lanthanide complexes of new nonadentate imino-phosphonate ligands derived from 1,4,7-triazacyclononane: synthesis, structural characterisation and NMR studies.

    PubMed

    Tei, Lorenzo; Blake, Alexander J; Wilson, Claire; Schröder, Martin

    2004-07-01

    The polyamino ligand 1,4,7-tris(2-aminoethyl)-1,4,7-triazacyclononane (1) has been used to synthesise two new ligands by Schiff-base condensation with methyl sodium acetyl phosphonate to give ligand L and methyl sodium 4-methoxybenzoyl phosphonate to give ligand L1 in the presence of lanthanide ion as templating agent to form the complexes [Ln(L)] and [Ln(L1)](Ln = Y, La, Gd, Yb). Both ligands L and L1 have nine donor atoms comprising three amine and three imine N-donors and three phosphonate O-donors and form Ln(III) complexes in which the three pendant arms of the ligands wrap around the nine-coordinate Ln(III) centres. Complexes with Y(III), La(III), Gd(III) and Yb(III) have been synthesised and the complexes [Y(L)], [Gd(L)] and [Gd(L1)] have been structurally characterised. In all the complexes the coordination polyhedron about the lanthanide centre is slightly distorted tricapped trigonal prismatic with the two triangular faces of the prism formed by the macrocyclic N-donors and the phosphonate O-donors. Interestingly, given the three chiral phosphorus centres present in [Ln(L)] and [Ln(L1)] complexes, the three crystal structures reported show the presence of only one diastereomer of the four possible. 1H, 13C and 31P NMR spectroscopic studies on diamagnetic [Y(L)] and [La(L)] and on paramagnetic [Yb(L)] complexes indicate the presence in solution of all the four different diastereomers in varying proportions. The stability of complexes [Y(L)] and [Y(L1)] in D2O in both neutral and acidic media, and the relaxivity of the Gd(III) complexes, have also been investigated. PMID:15252581

  8. Synthesis and crystal structure of a series of pyrazolone based Schiff base ligands and DNA binding studies of their copper complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jadeja, R. N.; Parihar, Sanjay; Vyas, Komal; Gupta, Vivek K.

    2012-04-01

    PMP (5-methyl-4-(4-methyl-benzoyl)-2-phenyl-2,4-dihydro-pyrazol-3-one), PTPMP (5-methyl-4-(4-methyl-benzoyl)-2-p-tolyl-2,4-dihydro-pyrazol-3-one) and MCPMP (2-(3-Chloro-phenyl)-5-methyl-4-(4-methyl-benzoyl))-2,4-dihydro-pyrazol-3-one) were synthesized and used for the synthesis of Schiff base ligands. Schiff base ligands were characterized by FT-IR, 1H NMR, Mass and single crystal X-ray analysis. Cu(II) complexes of synthesized ligands were prepared and characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR, TGA-DTA, UV-Visible, ESI mass and ESR spectroscopy. On the basis of analytical and spectroscopic techniques, distorted octahedral geometry of the complexes was proposed. The interaction of Cu(II) complexes with CT-DNA was investigated by Absorption titration, Viscosity and fluorescence spectroscopy. Results suggest that the synthesized complexes bind to DNA via an intercalative mode and can quench the fluorescence intensity of EB bound to DNA.

  9. Synthesis, structure and spectral properties of O,N,N coordinating ligands and their neutral Zn(ii) complexes: a combined experimental and theoretical study.

    PubMed

    Hens, Amar; Mondal, Pallab; Rajak, Kajal Krishna

    2013-10-01

    Mononuclear Zn(ii) complexes with the general formula [Zn(L)2] have been synthesized in good yields by reacting Zn(OAc)2 with HL in a ratio of 1 : 2 in methanol solvent. Here L is the deprotonated form of 6-[(quinolin-8-ylamino)methylene]cyclohexa-2,4-dienone (HL(1)), 4-chloro-6-[(quinolin-8-ylamino)methylene]cyclohexa-2,4-dienone (HL(2)), 4-methyl-6-[(quinolin-8-ylamino)methylene]cyclohexa-2,4-dienone (HL(3)), 2,4-dimethyl-6-[(quinolin-8-ylamino) methylene]cyclohexa-2,4-dienone (HL(4)), 2-methoxy-6-[(quinolin-8-ylamino) methylene]cyclohexa-2,4-dienone (HL(5)). The electronic structures and photophysical properties of the ligands were calculated by DFT and TDDFT methods. The X-ray structure of one complex is reported. The ligands have a strong binding ability [(0.75-15.37) × 10(4)] and ratiometric response to Zn(2+) ions. With the addition of Zn(2+) ions to the ligands in THF solution a sharp color change is observed visually, and as well a significant enhancement of the fluorescence intensity and the quantum yield for this series occurs. The introduction of other metal ions having biological and environmental effects results in either unaltered or quenched emission intensity. However we observed the sensing property of the ligands strongly depends on the substituent at the ortho position of the phenol group. DFT calculation reveals that the ICT process take place from the salicylaldehyde (donor moiety) to quinoline (acceptor moiety) which is responsible for the enhancement of the fluorescence intensity of ligands after complexation. PMID:23995072

  10. Synthesis, Reactivity Investigation, and X-ray Diffraction Structures of New Platinum(II) Compounds Containing Redox-Active Diphosphine Ligands

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, Xiaoping; Richmond, Michael G.; Hunt, Sean W

    2009-01-01

    Substitution of the 1,5-cyclooctadiene (cod) ligand in PtCl2(cod) (1) by the diphosphine ligand 4,5-bis(diphenylphosphino)-4-cyclopenten-1,3-dione (bpcd) yields PtCl2(bpcd) (2). Knoevenagel condensation of 2 with 9-anthracenecarboxaldehyde leads to the functionalization of the bpcd ligand and formation of the corresponding 2-(9-anthracenylidene)-4,5-bis(diphenylphosphino)-4-cyclopenten-1,3-dione (abpcd) substituted compound PtCl2(abpcd) (3), which is also obtained from the direct reaction of 1 with the abpcd ligand in near quantitative yield. The reaction of 3 with disodium maleonitriledithiolate (Na2mnt) affords the chelating dithiolate compound Pt(mnt)(abpcd) (4). Compounds 2 C4 have been fully characterized in solution by IR and NMR spectroscopies (1H and 31P), and their molecular structures established by X-ray crystallography. The electrochemical properties of 2 C4 have examined by cyclic voltammetry, and the nature of the HOMO and LUMO levels in these systems has been established by MO calculations at the extended H ckel level, the results of which are discussed with respect to electrochemical data and related diphosphine derivatives.

  11. Bio-sensitive activities of coordination compounds containing 1,10-phenanthroline as co-ligand: Synthesis, structural elucidation and DNA binding properties of metal(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Raman, Natarajan; Mahalakshmi, Rajkumar; Mitu, Liviu

    2014-10-01

    Present work reports the DNA binding and cleavage characteristics of a series of mixed-ligand complexes having the composition [M(L)(phen)2]Cl2 (where M = Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II) and Zn(II) and phen as co-ligand) in detail. Their structural features and other properties have been deduced from their elemental analyses, magnetic susceptibility and molar conductivity as well as from IR, UV-Vis, 1H NMR and EPR spectral studies. The UV-Vis, magnetic susceptibility and EPR spectral data of metal complexes suggest an octahedral geometry. The binding properties of these complexes with calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA) have been explored using electronic absorption spectroscopy, viscosity measurement, cyclic voltammetry and differential pulse voltammetry. The DNA-binding constants for Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II), and Zn(II) complexes are 6.14 × 105 M-1, 1.8 × 105 M-1, 6.7 × 104 M-1 and 2.5 × 104 M-1 respectively. Detailed analysis reveals that these complexes interact with DNA through intercalation binding. Nuclease activity has also been investigated by gel electrophoresis. Moreover, the synthesized Schiff base and its mixed-ligand complexes have been screened for antibacterial and antifungal activities. The data reveal that the complexes exhibit higher activity than the parent ligand.

  12. Synthesis and Photophysical Studies of Iridium Complexes Having Different Ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rho, Hyeon Hee; Park, Gui Youn; Ha, Yunkyoung; Kim, Young Sik

    2006-01-01

    The synthesis and photophysical study of efficient phosphorescent iridium(III) complexes having two different (C∧N) ligands are reported. In order to improve the luminescence efficiency by avoiding triplet-triplet (T-T) annihilation, the iridium complexes, Ir(ppy)2(piq) and Ir(ppy)2(piq-F), are designed and prepared where ppy, piq and piq-F represent 2-phenylpyridine, 1-(phenyl)isoquinoline and 2-(4'-fluorophenyl)isoquinoline, respectively. Two ppy ligands and a piq derivative act as a source of energy supply and a piq derivative acts as a chromophore. Since Ir(ppy)3, Ir(piq)3 and Ir(piq-F)3 can be placed in the metal-to-ligand charge transfer (MLCT) excited state, they absorb light effectively. When Ir(ppy)2(piq-F) is placed in excited state, the excitation energy is neither quenched nor deactivated but quickly intramolecular transferred from two ppy ligands to one luminescent piq-F ligand. This can occure because the triplet energy level of ppy is higher than that of piq-F and light is emitted from piq-F ligand in the end. Thus, Ir(ppy)2(piq-F) shows strong photoluminescence originated from piq-F ligand because piq-F ligand is known to have a shorter lifetime than that of ppy ligand. To analyze luminescent mechanism, we calculated these complexes having two different ligand sets theoretically by using computational method.

  13. Synthesis, characterization, crystal structure and HSA binding of two new N,O,O-donor Schiff-base ligands derived from dihydroxybenzaldehyde and tert-butylamine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khosravi, Iman; Hosseini, Farnaz; Khorshidifard, Mahsa; Sahihi, Mehdi; Rudbari, Hadi Amiri

    2016-09-01

    Two new o-hydroxy Schiff-bases compounds, L1 and L2, were derived from the 1:1 M condensation of 2,3-dihydroxybenzaldehyde and 2,4-dihydroxybenzaldehyde with tert-butylamine and were characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopies. The crystal structure of L2 was also determined by single crystal X-ray analysis. The crystal structure of L2 showed that the compound exists as a zwitterionic form in the solid state, with the H atom of the phenol group being transferred to the imine N atom. It adopts an E configuration about the central Cdbnd N double bond. Furthermore, binding of these Schiff base ligands to Human Serum Albumin (HSA) was investigated by fluorescence quenching, absorption spectroscopy, molecular docking and molecular dynamics (MD) simulation methods. The fluorescence emission of HSA was quenched by ligands. Also, suitable models were used to analyze the UV-vis absorption spectroscopy data for titration of HSA solution by various amounts of Schiff bases. The spectroscopic studies revealed that these Schiff bases formed 1:1 complex with HSA. Energy transfer mechanism of quenching was discussed and the values of 3.35 and 1.57 nm as the mean distances between the bound ligands and the HSA were calculated for L1 and L2, respectively. Molecular docking results indicated that the main active binding site for these Schiff bases ligands is in subdomain IB. Moreover, MD simulation results suggested that this Schiff base complex can interact with HSA, with a slight modification of its tertiary structure.

  14. Bio-relevant complexes of novel N2O2 type heterocyclic ligand: Synthesis, structural elucidation, biological evaluation and docking studies.

    PubMed

    Arun, T; Packianathan, S; Malarvizhi, M; Antony, R; Raman, N

    2015-08-01

    Organic and inorganic entities [Cu(II), Co(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II)] have been bridged by N2O2 type heterocyclic imine (CN) ligand for the synthesis of novel organic-inorganic bridged complexes of the type [M(H2L)]. The synthesized complexes were characterized by spectral techniques such as FT-IR, UV-visible, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR, EPR, ESI-Mass, elemental analysis, magnetic susceptibility and molar conductivity measurements. The metal complexes adopt square planar geometrical arrangement around the metal ions. DNA binding ability of these complexes has been explored by different techniques viz. electronic absorption, fluorescence, cyclic voltammetry, differential pulse voltammetry and viscosity measurements. These studies prove that CT DNA interaction of the complexes follows intercalation mode. The oxidative cleavage of the complexes with pUC19 DNA has been investigated by gel electrophoresis. Molecular docking calculations have been performed to understand the nature of binding of the complexes with DNA. Moreover, the anti-pathogenic actions of the complexes were tested in vitro against few bacteria and fungi by disk diffusion method. The data reveal that the complexes have higher anti-pathogenic activity than the ligand. PMID:26057019

  15. Scouting new sigma receptor ligands: Synthesis, pharmacological evaluation and molecular modeling of 1,3-dioxolane-based structures and derivatives.

    PubMed

    Franchini, Silvia; Battisti, Umberto Maria; Prandi, Adolfo; Tait, Annalisa; Borsari, Chiara; Cichero, Elena; Fossa, Paola; Cilia, Antonio; Prezzavento, Orazio; Ronsisvalle, Simone; Aricò, Giuseppina; Parenti, Carmela; Brasili, Livio

    2016-04-13

    Herein we report the synthesis and biological activity of new sigma receptor (σR) ligands obtained by combining different substituted five-membered heterocyclic rings with appropriate σR pharmacophoric amines. Radioligand binding assay, performed on guinea pig brain membranes, identified 25b (1-(1,4-dioxaspiro[4.5]decan-2-ylmethyl)-4-benzylpiperazine) as the most interesting compound of the series, displaying high affinity and selectivity for σ1R (pKiσ1 = 9.13; σ1/σ2 = 47). The ability of 25b to modulate the analgesic effect of the κ agonist (-)-U-50,488H and μ agonist morphine was evaluated in vivo by radiant heat tail-flick test. It exhibited anti-opioid effects on both κ and μ receptor-mediated analgesia, suggesting an agonistic behavior at σ1R. Docking studies were performed on the theoretical σ1R homology model. The present work represents a new starting point for the design of more potent and selective σ1R ligands. PMID:26874044

  16. Two one-dimensional d10-metal coordination polymers based on polydentate Schiff-base ligand: Synthesis, crystal structure and luminescent properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Niu, Wei-Jia; Wang, Jun-Li; Bai, Yan; Dang, Dong-Bin

    2012-06-01

    Two one-dimensional d10-metal coordination polymers {[AgL(H2O)]2[AgL(NO3)]2(NO3)2L(H2O)2}n (1) and [ZnLCl2]n (2) (L = N,N'-bis-(1-pyridin-4-yl-ethylidene)-hydrazine) have been synthesized and characterized by IR, elemental analysis, TG technique, XRPD and X-ray crystallography. Polymer 1 contains two types of 1D Ag-double-chain units. Ag(1)-double-chain unit is formed by linking two adjacent Ag(1)-L-chains through face-to-face π⋯π interactions, while Ag(2)-double-chain unit is formed through the combination of coordinating NO3- anions bridging interactions and π⋯π interactions between two adjacent Ag(2)-L-chains. Free ligands interact with the adjacent Ag(1)-double-chain units and Ag(2)-double-chain units to form a 3D supramolecular structure through multiform hydrogen bonds. For polymer 2, each ligand acts as a bis-monodentate bridging ligand to bind adjacent Zn(II) centers forming a one-dimensional chain structure. Furthermore, 1D chain is held together with its neighboring ones via Csbnd H⋯π interactions. The luminescent properties of the polymers 1 and 2 were investigated in the solid state at room temperature.

  17. Synthesis, structures and properties of Ag+ complexes containing polyphosphine ligands with extended Ag⋯C, N-O⋯π and C-H⋯π interactions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huang, Ting-Hong; Yang, Hu; Yang, Guo; Li, Yanfen; Huang, Li-Li

    2016-08-01

    Based on ligands of N,N-bis((diphenylphosphino)methyl)benzenamine (pba), 4-(4-(bis((diphenylphosphino)methyl)amino)benzyl)-N-((diphenylphosphino)methyl)benzenamine (dptp) and N,N,N‧,N‧-tetrakis((diphenylphosphino)methyl)benzene-1,4-diamine (pbaa), three new silver(I) complexes [Ag(pba)2]ClO4 (1), [Ag2(dptp)2](ClO4)2·2DMF (2) and [Ag4(pbaa)(NO3)4]n (3), have been synthesized and characterized. Structural analysis reveals that all of these complexes contain the 1D infinite chains, with different variations in the weak interactions. Complexes 1 and 2 are interconnected by intermolecular C-H⋯π interactions to form 1D infinite chains and 2D networks, and the ordered-layer-lattic ClO4- and DMF in 2 are between 2D networks. For 3, the pbaa ligand adopts a tetradentate coordination mode to link two adjacent stair-like [Ag4O4] cores resulting in a 1D chain, respectively, with Ag⋯C, N-O⋯π and C-H⋯π interactions. All these show that phosphine ligands play an important role in the construction of interesting topological structures with different types of the weak interactions.

  18. Tris(triazolyl)borate ligands of intermediate steric bulk for the synthesis of biomimetic structures with hydrogen bonding and solubility in hydrophilic solvents.

    PubMed

    Gardner, Sean R; Papish, Elizabeth T; Monillas, Wesley H; Yap, Glenn P A

    2008-12-01

    Tris(triazolyl)borate ligands (Ttz) of intermediate steric bulk were synthesized to investigate their potential for hydrogen bonding and improved solubility in hydrophilic solvents as applied to biomimetic chemistry. The crystal structure of 3-phenyl-5-methyl-1,2,4-triazole (Htz(Ph,Me)) revealed hydrogen bonding and pi stacking interactions. The new ligand salt, potassium tris(3-phenyl-5-methyl-1,2,4-triazolyl)borate (KTtz(Ph,Me)) was synthesized as the first example of a Ttz ligand of intermediate steric bulk. Metathesis between KTtz(Ph,Me) and NaCl followed by recrystallization produced [NaTtz(Ph,Me)].6CH3OH in which the geometry around the sodium is octahedral with an unusual N(3)O(3) donor set; this structure also shows that a hydrogen bonding network is formed by methanol molecules and triazole nitrogens. (Ttz(Ph,Me))ZnCl was synthesized and characterized crystallographically as [(Ttz(Ph,Me))ZnCl].0.5CH3OH in which the zinc is tetrahedral and the triazole rings are within hydrogen bonding distance of CH(3)OH. All of these new compounds are methanol soluble to varying degrees and Htz(Ph,Me) and KTtz(Ph,Me) are soluble in methanol/water mixtures. PMID:18848725

  19. Two new Cu(II) complexes with 3-(2-pyridyl)pyrazol-based ligands: Synthesis, crystal structures, and magnetic properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Jun-Jie; Zhou, Jiang-Ning; Liu, Chun-Sen; Shi, Xue-Song; Chang, Ze; Yan, Li-Fen; Bu, Xian-He; Ribas, Joan

    2008-03-01

    In our efforts to investigate the relationships between the structures of ligands and their complexes, two structurally related 3-(2-pyridyl)pyrazole-based ligands, 1-[3-(2-pyridyl)pyrazol-1-ylmethyl]benzene ( L1) and 3-[3-(2-pyridyl)pyrazol-1-ylmethyl]pyridine ( L2), and their two Cu(II) complexes, [Cu( L1) 2(NO 3)](NO 3)(CH 3CH 2OH) ( 1) and [Cu 2( L2) 2(Cl) 4] ( 2), were synthesized and structurally characterized by elemental analyses, IR spectra and single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Complex 1 has a mononuclear structure, while 2 takes the dinuclear structure, which were further linked into higher-dimensional supramolecular networks by intra- or inter-molecular weak interactions, such as C-H⋯O hydrogen-bonding, C-H⋯π, and π⋯π stacking interactions. The structural differences of 1 and 2 can be attributed to the difference of counter anions and the different pendant aromatic groups of L1 and L2, in which the benzene and pyridine rings act as the directing group for π⋯π stacking and C-H⋯π interactions. Moreover, magnetic properties of 2 have been further investigated in detail.

  20. Ruthenium(II) carbonyl complexes bearing CCC-pincer bis-(carbene) ligands: synthesis, structures and activities toward recycle transfer hydrogenation reactions.

    PubMed

    Naziruddin, Abbas Raja; Huang, Zhao-Jiunn; Lai, Wei-Chih; Lin, Wan-Jung; Hwang, Wen-Shu

    2013-09-28

    A new series of ruthenium(II) carbonyl complexes with benzene-based CCC-pincer bis-(carbene) ligands, [((R)CCC(R))Ru(CO)2(X)](0/+) and [((R)CCC(R))Ru(CO)(NN)](+) ((R)CCC(R) = 2,6-bis-(1-alkylimidazolylidene)benzene, R = Me or (n)Bu; X = I, Br, CH3CN, or 6-(aminomethyl)pyridine (ampy); NN = 2·CH3CN, or chelating ampy or bipyridine), was synthesized and fully characterized. X-Ray structure determinations revealed that these eight complexes have pseudo-octahedral configurations around the ruthenium center with the pincer ligand occupying three meridional sites. These complexes prove to be efficient precatalysts demonstrating very good activity and reusability for the transfer hydrogenation of ketones. PMID:23880878

  1. Copper(II) complexes of bis(aryl-imino)acenaphthene ligands: synthesis, structure, DFT studies and evaluation in reverse ATRP of styrene.

    PubMed

    Fliedel, Christophe; Rosa, Vitor; Santos, Carla I M; Gonzalez, Pablo J; Almeida, Rui M; Gomes, Clara S B; Gomes, Pedro T; Lemos, M Amélia N D A; Aullón, Gabriel; Welter, Richard; Avilés, Teresa

    2014-09-14

    Two new Ar-BIAN Cu(II) complexes (where Ar-BIAN = bis(aryl-imino)acenaphthene) of formulations [CuCl2(Mes-BIAN)] (1) (Mes = 2,4,6-Me3C6H2) and [CuCl2(Dipp-BIAN)] (2) (Dipp = 2,6-iPr2C6H3) were synthesised by direct reaction of CuCl2 suspended in dichloromethane with the respective ligands Mes-BIAN (L1) and Dipp-BIAN (L2), dissolved in dichloromethane, under an argon atmosphere. Attempts to obtain these compounds by solubilising CuCl2 in methanol and adding a dichloromethane solution of the corresponding ligand, under aerobic conditions, gave also compound 1, but, in the case of L2, the Cu(I) dimer [CuCl(Dipp-BIAN)]2 (3) was obtained instead of compound 2. The compounds were fully characterised by elemental analyses, MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry, FT-IR, (1)H NMR and EPR spectroscopic techniques. The solid-state molecular structures of compounds 1-3 were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction, showing the expected chelation of the Ar-BIAN ligands and two chloride ligands completing the coordination sphere of the Cu(II) centre. In the case of the complex 1, an intermediate coordination geometry around the Cu(II) centre, between square planar and tetrahedral, was revealed, while the complex 2 showed an almost square planar geometry. The structural differences and evaluation of energetic changes were rationalised by DFT calculations. Analysis of the electrochemical behaviour of complexes 1-3 was performed by cyclic voltammetry and the experimental redox potentials for Cu(II)/Cu(I) pairs have been compared with theoretical values calculated by DFT in the gas phase and in dichloromethane and methanol solutions. The complex 1 exhibited good activity in the reverse atom transfer radical polymerisation (ATRP) of styrene. PMID:25036889

  2. Synthesis, magnetic, thermal and structural properties of Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes containing isophthalato ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rogan, Jelena; Poleti, Dejan; Karanović, Ljiljana; Jagličić, Zvonko

    2011-01-01

    A series of novel ternary Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes containing 2,2'-dipyridylamine (dipya), 2,2'-bipyridine (bipy), and 1,10-phenanthroline (phen), as aromatic diamine ligands, and dianion of isophthalic acid (ipht) have been prepared by ligand exchange reactions from diluted H 2O/EtOH solutions. The complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy, magnetic susceptibility measurements and TG and DSC analysis. Three complexes, Cu(dipya)(ipht)·H 2O ( 1), Co(dipya)(ipht)·2H 2O ( 2) and Cu(ipht)(phen)·2H 2O ( 5) are polymeric with bis-monodentate ipht, while the other two complexes M(bipy)(ipht)·4H 2O, M dbnd Co(II) ( 3) and Ni(II) ( 4), contain ipht as a counter ion. All Co(II) and Ni(II) complexes are (pseudo)octahedral, while Cu(II) complexes have square-pyramidal or distorted octahedral geometry. The variable temperature magnetic susceptibility measurements showed very weak antiferromagnetic behaviour for all complexes. Dehydration processes, decomposition mechanisms and thermal stability of 1- 5 are assumed. One complex from the above series, [Ni(bipy)(H 2O) 4](ipht) ( 4), and one additional complex, [Co(bipy)(ipht)] n ( 6), are obtained as single-crystals and their structures are determined from X-ray diffraction data. In both structures M(II) centers are in deformed octahedral environment and they are linked by hemi-ipht ligands ( 4) and two different bridging ipht ligands ( 6). Three-dimensional networks in 4 and 6 are governed by strong noncovalent interactions. The cations and ipht anions in 4 are connected by hydrogen bonds building double layers parallel to ab-plane that are further packed by π- π interactions. In 6 double chains extending along b-axis are strengthened by interchain π- π interactions constructing a three-dimensional framework.

  3. Synthesis, crystal structures and theoretical studies of dinuclear Mn(II) and Ni(II) complexes of phenol-based "end-off" compartmental ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jana, Atanu; Das, Kinsuk; Konar, Saugata; Dhara, Anamika; Biswas, Sujan; Chatterjee, Sudipta; Mondal, Tapan Kumar

    2015-11-01

    Two novel complexes [Mn2(phmp)2](ClO4)2 (1) and [Ni2(phmp)(μ-H2O)(H2O)4](NO3)3 (2) were synthesized using an "end-off" compartmental ligand [H-phmp = 4-Methyl-2,6-bis-(pyridin-2-yl-hydrazonomethyl)-phenol] with Mn(II)-perchlorate and Ni(II)-nitrate salts as metal precursors. Both these complexes were characterized by spectroscopic (IR, UV-Vis) and X-ray crystal structure analysis. The ligand, H-phmp acts as a pentadentate NNONN donor for both the metal complexes and the geometry of the complexes 1 and 2 is distorted octahedral. The DFT optimized bond distances and angles are well correlate to the X-ray structure bond parameters. For complex 1 the transitions at 435 nm and 428 nm have mixed MLCT (dπ(Mn) → π*(L)) and ILCT (π(L) → π*(L)) character whereas other transitions correspond to intra-ligand charge transfer transitions (ILCT). For complex 2, weak transitions at 464 and 405 nm correspond to ligand to metal charge transfer transitions (LMCT) (π(L) → dπ(Ni)) and most of the other transitions have ILCT character. As anticipated, various weak forces, i.e. anion-π/π-anion/anion-π/π-NH interactions as well as C-H/π interaction, play a key role in stabilizing the self-assembly process observed for both compounds.

  4. Mixed ligand palladium(II) complexes of 6-methoxy-2-oxo-1,2-dihydroquinoline-3-carbaldehyde 4N-substituted thiosemicarbazones with triphenylphosphine co-ligand: synthesis, crystal structure and biological properties.

    PubMed

    Ramachandran, Eswaran; Senthil Raja, Duraisamy; Bhuvanesh, Nattamai S P; Natarajan, Karuppannan

    2012-11-21

    A series of new 6-methoxy-2-oxo-1,2-dihydroquinoline-3-carbaldehyde 4N-substituted thiosemicarbazone ligands (H2L1–H2L5) and their corresponding palladium(II) complexes [Pd(L1)(PPh3)] (1), [Pd(L2)(PPh3)] (2), [Pd(HL3)(PPh3)]Cl (3), [Pd(L4)(PPh3)] (4) and [Pd(L5)(PPh3)] (5), have been synthesized in order to evaluate the effect of terminal N-substitution in thiosemicarbazone moiety on coordination behaviour and biological activity. The new ligands and their corresponding complexes were characterized by analytical and various spectral techniques. The molecular structure of the complexes 2–5 were characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction studies which revealed that the ligands H2L2, H2L4 and H2L5 are coordinated to palladium(II) as binegative tridentate (ONS2−) by forming six and five member rings whereas, the ligand H2L3 coordinated to Pd(II) as uninegative tridentate (ONS−). The interactions of the new complexes with calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA) have been evaluated by absorption and ethidium bromide (EB) competitive studies which revealed that complexes 1–5 could interact with CT-DNA through intercalation. Further, the interactions of the complexes with bovine serum albumin (BSA) were also investigated using UV-visible, fluorescence and synchronous fluorescence spectroscopic methods, which showed that the new complexes could bind strongly with BSA. Antioxidant studies showed that all the complexes have a strong antioxidant activity against 2-2′-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical and 2,2′-azino-3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulfonic acid diammonium salt (ABTS) cation radical. In addition, in vitro cytotoxicity of the complexes against human lung cancer (A549) cell line was assayed which showed that 4 has higher cytotoxic activity than the rest of the complexes and cisplatin. PMID:22864662

  5. A new nano-scale manganese (II) coordination polymer constructed from semicarbazone Schiff base and dicyanamide ligands: Synthesis, crystal structure and DFT calculations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Farhadi, Saeed; Mahmoudi, Farzaneh; Simpson, Jim

    2016-03-01

    A new nano-structured Mn(II) coordination polymer [Mn(HL)(dca)(Cl)]n(1), [HL= Pyridine-2-carbaldehyde semicarbazone, dca= dicyanamide] has been synthesized by a sonochemical method and has been characterized by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray powder diffraction elemental analysis and IR spectroscopy. Single crystals of compound 1 was synthesized by slow evaporation method and was structurally characterised by single crystal X-ray diffraction. The single crystal structure shows one dimensional zig-zag chains with end-to-end dicyanamide-bridged ligand. A distorted octahedral geometry around the Mn2+centers was achieved by NNO atoms from HL, two nitrogen atoms of dicyanamide and one chlorine atom. Also for more details, the structure of 1, has been optimized by density functional theory (DFT calculations).

  6. Structural rearrangements in triple-decker-like complexes with mixed group 15/16 ligands: synthesis and characterization of the redox couple.

    PubMed

    Blacque, O; Brunner, H; Kubicki, M M; Leis, F; Lucas, D; Mugnier, Y; Nuber, B; Wachter, J

    2001-03-16

    The reaction of As4Se4 with stoichiometric amounts of [Cp*Fe2(CO)4] (Cp* = C5Me5) in boiling toluene forms [Cp2*Fe2As2Se2] (1) in good yield. X-ray crystallography shows 1 to have a triple-decker structure which comprises a tetraatomic mu,eta4:4-As2Se2 ligand. Density functional theory (DFT) and extended Hückel molecular orbital (EHMO) calculations confirm that the As2Se2 ligand behaves as a four-electron pi donor. Oxidation of 1 with equimolar amounts of [(C5H5)2Fe]PF6, Br2 and I2, respectively, gave compounds 2-4. According to X-ray crystallographic investigations that were carried out on 2 and 4, the oxidation state has a considerable influence on the structure of the Fe2As2Se2 core: significant shortening of the Fe-Fe distance (deltad(Fe-Fe)> 0.3 A) and weakening of the As-As bond length ((deltad(As-As) > 0.3 A) suggests the formal presence of two diatomic AsSe ligands and a Fe-Fe bond. DFT and EHMO calculations confirm that an electron is removed from an occupied Fe-Fe orbital of antibonding character during oxidation. All molecular orbitals lower their energies upon oxidation, but the energy drop is relatively small for those involving the As-As bond. An additional structural feature in 4 consists of an electronic interaction of the iodide with both As atoms which suggests a formally neutral ion pair. Electrochemical studies confirm that the oxidation of 1 is a reversible one-electron process with E(1/2)= +0.07 V (in THF). These studies also reveal that 4 dissociates in polar solvents, such as THF, into [1]+ and I-, which is followed by transformation into 1 and I3. PMID:11322562

  7. Dinuclear methoxido-bridged Cu(II) compounds with 7-azaindole as a ligand: Synthesis, characterization and X-ray structures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    van Albada, Gerard A.; van der Horst, Maarten G.; Mutikainen, Ilpo; Turpeinen, Urho; Reedijk, Jan

    2011-05-01

    Three novel methoxido-bridged dinuclear Cu(II) compounds with the ligand 7-azaindole (abbreviated as Haza), i.e. [Cu 2(Haza) 4(CH 3O) 2(ClO 4) 2] ( 1), [Cu 2(Haza) 4(CH 3O) 2(CF 3SO 3) 2] ( 2) and [Cu 2(Haza) 4(CH 3O) 2(NO 3) 2] ( 3) have been synthesized and fully characterized by spectroscopy, EPR and X-ray structure analysis. The Cu(II) ions show a tetragonally distorted octahedral geometry, with a CuN 2O 2 chromophore in the basal plane.

  8. Ni(II) and Pd(II) complexes with new N,O donor thiophene appended Schiff base ligand: Synthesis, electrochemistry, X-ray structure and DFT calculation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kundu, Subhankar; Pramanik, Ajoy Kumar; Mondal, Apurba Sau; Mondal, Tapan Kumar

    2016-07-01

    The thiophene appended Schiff's base ligand, 1-(2-(thiophen-2-yl)ethylimino)methyl)naphthalene-2-ol (HL) with N,O donor sites has been synthesized by the condensation between 2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehyde and thiophene-2-ethylamine. The square planar 1:2 complexes of HL having general formula [M(L)2] (M = Ni(1) and Pd(2)) with nickel(II) and palladium(II) have been synthesized and characterized by several spectroscopic techniques. The geometry has been confirmed by single crystal X-ray study for complex 1. The electronic structure and spectral properties of the complexes are interpreted by DFT and TDDFT studies.

  9. Synthesis, structural characterisation and solvatochromism of a Ni(II) and a Co(II) compound with 2-aminopyrimidine as a ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Song, Yufei; Massera, Chiara; van Albada, Gerard A.; Lanfredi, Anna Maria Manotti; Reedijk, Jan

    2005-01-01

    Two mononuclear complexes of formula [M(ampym) 2(SCN) 2(H 2O) 2]·2H 2O (M=Ni(II), Co(II); ampym=2-aminopyrimidine) have been synthesized and characterized by X-ray diffraction methods, IR and ligand-field spectra. The Ni(II) and Co(II) compounds, which crystallize in the triclinic space group P-1, are isostructural, and their solid structures are stabilized by hydrogen bonding and π-π interactions between aminopyrimidine rings. The compounds exhibit solvatochromism as evidenced by a UV/Vis study in different solvents.

  10. Erbeta Ligands. Part 5: Synthesis and Structure-Activity Relationships of a Series of 4'-hydroxyphenyl-aryl-carbaldehyde Oxime Derivatives

    SciTech Connect

    Mewshaw,R.; Bowen, S.; Harris, H.; Xu, Z.; Manas, E.; Cohn, S.

    2007-01-01

    A series of 4'-hydroxyphenyl-aryl-carbaldehyde oximes (5b) was prepared and found to have high affinity (4 nM) and modest selectivity (39-fold) for estrogen receptor-{beta} (ER{beta}). Substitution of one of the core rings of the scaffold based around these novel ligands further expanded our knowledge in the quest toward achieving high affinity and selectivity for ER{beta}. An X-ray co-crystal of structure 11 revealed that the oxime moiety was mimicking the C-ring of genistein, as previously predicted by SAR and docking studies.

  11. Synthesis, Characterization, Crystal Structure, and Biological Studies of a Cadmium(II) Complex with a Tridentate Ligand 4'-Chloro-2,2':6',2''-Terpyridine.

    PubMed

    Saghatforoush, L A; Valencia, L; Chalabian, F; Ghammamy, Sh

    2011-01-01

    A new Cd(II) complex with the ligand 4'-chloro-2,2'6',2''-terpyridine (Cltpy), [Cd(Cltpy)(I)(2)], has been synthesized and characterized by CHN elemental analysis, (1)H-NMR, (13)C-NMR, and IR spectroscopy and structurally analyzed by X-ray single-crystal diffraction. The single-crystal X-ray analyses show that the coordination number in complex is five with three terpyridine (Cltpy) N-donor atoms and two iodine atoms. The antibacterial activities of Cltpy and its Cd(II) complex are tested against different bacteria. PMID:21738495

  12. Synthesis, crystal structures, and properties of two novel cadmium(II)-organic frameworks based on asymmetric dicarboxylate and N-donor ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Xiaoli; Gao, Loujun; Zhang, Xiaoge; Han, Xuhua; Wang, Yao; Sun, Rong

    2014-08-01

    Two novel cadmium(II)-organic frameworks with asymmetric dicarboxylate and N-donor ligands, namely [Cd(cpa)(phen)]n (1) and {[Cd2(cpa)2(bpy)1.5]·0.5H2O}n (2) (H2cpa = 3-(4-benzoic)propionic acid, phen = 1,10-phenanthroline, bpy = 4,4";-bipyridine) have been hydrothermally synthesized and characterized by elemental analyses, FT-IR spectra, single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses, TGA, powder XRD and fluorescent measurements. 1 displays a double zigzag chain structure containing 8-number and 22-number circles. 2 Shows a 6-connected 3D polymer network based on tetranuclear cadmium cluster units. The most striking feature of 2 is that a pair of identical 3D networks are interlocked with each other to the form a 2-fold interpenetrated 3D α-Po structural topology. The diverse structures of two complexes indicate that the skeleton of N-donor ligands plays a great role in the assembly of such different frameworks. In addition, the thermal stabilities, XRD and photoluminescence properties of 1-2 were also studied.

  13. Synthesis and structural characterization of dinuclear Cd2+, Hg2+ and Fe2+ complexes with neutral bi and tetradentate flexible pyrazole-based ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Beheshti, Azizolla; Lalegani, Arash; Behvandi, Fatemeh; Safaeiyan, Forough; Sarkarzadeh, Afsoon; Bruno, Giuseppe; Amiri Rudbari, Hadi

    2015-02-01

    Four new complexes of [Hg2Cl4(bpp)]n (1), [Hg2Cl4(tdmpp)] (2), [Cd2I4(tdmpp)] (3) and [Fe2Cl4(tdmpp)] (4) were prepared by using the neutral N-donor ligands 1,3-bis(3,5-dimethyl-1-pyrazolyl)propane (bpp) and 1,1,3,3-tetrakis(3,5-dimethyl-1-pyrazolyl)propane (tdmpp) with different flexibility and appropriate metal salts of Cd(II), Hg(II) and Fe(II) ions. These compounds were characterized by the infrared spectroscopy, elemental analysis and X-ray crystallography. Flexible ligands and non-covalent Csbnd H⋯Cl hydrogen bonds play a major role in the crystal packing of compounds 1, 2 and 4. In the two-dimensional non-covalent structure of 1, there are two distinctly different coordination modes for the mercury atoms. One mercury atom has pseudo-trigonal bipyramidal geometry and the other adopts a distorted tetrahedral environment. In the dinuclear structures of 2 and 4 the neutral molecules are linked together by the Csbnd H⋯Cl hydrogen bonds, forming an infinite one-dimensional zigzag chain structure. Compounds 2-4 are isostructural with each other.

  14. Recent advances in the synthesis of endocannabinoid related ligands.

    PubMed

    Razdan, R K; Mahadevan, A

    2002-12-31

    The chemical strategies used for the synthesis of various ligands related to the endocannabinoid system namely anandamide (AEA), 2-arachidonylglycerol (2-Ara-Gl), CB1/(vanilloid receptors) VR1, anandamide membrane transporter (AMT) and fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) are described in this review. In general, the chemical synthesis of analogs with changes in the head group of AEA was quite straightforward involving the conversion of an acid to an amide or an ester. Analogs which had modifications in the end pentyl chain were more difficult to synthesize and required multistep synthetic sequences to prepare the target compounds. A facile total synthesis of 2-Ara-Gl was reported and an HPLC procedure for its identification and quantification was developed, but because of the instability of 2-Ara-Gl another synthesis was developed so that it can be stored as the more stable phenylboronate ester. Similarly the chemical synthesis of various ligands in the remaining areas of CB1/VR1, AMT and FAAH are described. A summary of the present state of knowledge about the SAR in each area is presented to help in the design and synthesis of novel ligands for the future. PMID:12505687

  15. Structure-guided development of heterodimer-selective GPCR ligands

    PubMed Central

    Hübner, Harald; Schellhorn, Tamara; Gienger, Marie; Schaab, Carolin; Kaindl, Jonas; Leeb, Laurin; Clark, Timothy; Möller, Dorothee; Gmeiner, Peter

    2016-01-01

    Crystal structures of G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) ligand complexes allow a rational design of novel molecular probes and drugs. Here we report the structure-guided design, chemical synthesis and biological investigations of bivalent ligands for dopamine D2 receptor/neurotensin NTS1 receptor (D2R/NTS1R) heterodimers. The compounds of types 1–3 consist of three different D2R pharmacophores bound to an affinity-generating lipophilic appendage, a polyethylene glycol-based linker and the NTS1R agonist NT(8-13). The bivalent ligands show binding affinity in the picomolar range for cells coexpressing both GPCRs and unprecedented selectivity (up to three orders of magnitude), compared with cells that only express D2Rs. A functional switch is observed for the bivalent ligands 3b,c inhibiting cAMP formation in cells singly expressing D2Rs but stimulating cAMP accumulation in D2R/NTS1R-coexpressing cells. Moreover, the newly synthesized bivalent ligands show a strong, predominantly NTS1R-mediated β-arrestin-2 recruitment at the D2R/NTS1R-coexpressing cells. PMID:27457610

  16. A new 3D Co(II)–organic framework with acylamide-containing tetracarboxylate ligand: Solvothermal synthesis, crystal structure, gas adsorption and magnetic property

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, Qingfu Zhang, Haina; Geng, Aijing; Wang, Suna; Zhang, Chong

    2014-04-01

    A new cobalt(II)–organic framework, [Co{sub 2}(L)(py){sub 2}(DMSO)]{sub n}• 0.5nDMF• 2nDMSO (1) [H{sub 4}L=5,5'-((naphthalene-2,6-dicarbonyl)bis(azanediyl))diisophthalic acid, py=pyridine, DMSO=dimethyl sulfoxide, DMF=N,N-dimethylformamide], has been solvothermally synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, TGA, PXRD and single-crystal X-ray crystallography. The structural analysis reveals that complex 1 is a 3D framework built from nanosized acylamide-containing tetracarboxylate ligands (L{sup 4−}) and dinuclear [Co{sub 2}(CO{sub 2}){sub 4}] secondary building units (SBUs), exhibiting a uninodal (4,4)-connected crb topology with the Schläfli symbol of (4• 6{sup 5}). The desolvated complex (1a) displays higher adsorption capability for CO{sub 2} than N{sub 2}, which may be due to the relatively strong binding affinity between the CO{sub 2} molecules and acylamide groups in the framework. The magnetic investigation shows that the dominant antiferromagnetic interaction is observed in complex 1. - Graphical abstract: A new 3D Co(II)–organic framework with nanosized acylamide-containing tetracarboxylate ligand was solvothermally synthesized and structurally characterized, its thermal stability, gas adsorption and magnetic property were studied. - Highlights: • A new 3D Co(II)–organic framework with nanosized acylamide-containing tetracarboxylate ligand has been solvothermally synthesized and characterized. • Complex 1 exhibits a uninodal (4,4)-connected crb topology. • The thermal stability, gas adsorption and magnetic property were studied.

  17. Troponate/Aminotroponate Ruthenium-Arene Complexes: Synthesis, Structure, and Ligand-Tuned Mechanistic Pathway for Direct C-H Bond Arylation with Aryl Chlorides in Water.

    PubMed

    Dwivedi, Ambikesh D; Binnani, Chinky; Tyagi, Deepika; Rawat, Kuber S; Li, Pei-Zhou; Zhao, Yanli; Mobin, Shaikh M; Pathak, Biswarup; Singh, Sanjay K

    2016-07-01

    A series of water-soluble troponate/aminotroponate ruthenium(II)-arene complexes were synthesized, where O,O and N,O chelating troponate/aminotroponate ligands stabilized the piano-stool mononuclear ruthenium-arene complexes. Structural identities for two of the representating complexes were also established by single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies. These newly synthesized troponate/aminotroponate ruthenium-arene complexes enable efficient C-H bond arylation of arylpyridine in water. The unique structure-activity relationship in these complexes is the key to achieve efficient direct C-H bond arylation of arylpyridine. Moreover, the steric bulkiness of the carboxylate additives systematically directs the selectivity toward mono- versus diarylation of arylpyridines. Detailed mechanistic studies were performed using mass-spectral studies including identification of several key cyclometalated intermediates. These studies provided strong support for an initial cycloruthenation driven by carbonate-assisted deprotonation of 2-phenylpyridine, where the relative strength of η(6)-arene and the troponate/aminotroponate ligand drives the formation of cyclometalated 2-phenylpyridine Ru-arene species, [(η(6)-arene)Ru(κ(2)-C,N-phenylpyridine) (OH2)](+) by elimination of troponate/aminotroponate ligands and retaining η(6)-arene, while cyclometalated 2-phenylpyridine Ru-troponate/aminotroponate species [(κ (2)-troponate/aminotroponate)Ru(κ(2)-C,N-phenylpyridine)(OH2)2] was generated by decoordination of η(6)-arene ring during initial C-H bond activation of 2-phenylpyridine. Along with the experimental mass-spectral evidence, density functional theory calculation also supports the formation of such species for these complexes. Subsequently, these cycloruthenated products activate aryl chloride by facile oxidative addition to generate C-H arylated products. PMID:27305143

  18. Synthesis, molecular and electronic structures of six-coordinate transition metal (Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, and Zn) complexes with redox-active 9-hydroxyphenoxazin-1-one ligands.

    PubMed

    Ivakhnenko, Eugeny P; Starikov, Andrey G; Minkin, Vladimir I; Lyssenko, Konstantin A; Antipin, Mikhail Yu; Simakov, Vladimir I; Korobov, Mikhail S; Borodkin, Gennady S; Knyazev, Pavel A

    2011-08-01

    A series of pseudo-octahedral metal (M = Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn) complexes 4 of a new redox-active ligand, 2,4,6,8-tetra(tert-butyl)-9-hydroxyphenoxazin-1-one 3, have been synthesized, and their molecular structures determined with help of X-ray crystallography. The effective magnetic moments of complexes 4 (M = Mn, Fe, Co, and Ni) measured in the solid state and toluene solution point to the stabilization of their high-spin electronic ground states. Detailed information on the electronic structure of the complexes and their redox-isomeric forms has been obtained using density functional theory (DFT) B3LYP*/6-311++G(d,p) calculations. The energy disfavored low-spin structures of manganese, iron, and cobalt complexes have been located, and based on the computed geometries and distribution of spin densities identified as Mn(IV)[(Cat-N-SQ)](2), Fe(II)[Cat-N-BQ)](2), and Co(II)[Cat-N-BQ)](2) compounds, respectively. It has been shown that stabilization of the high-spin structures of complexes 4 (M = Mn, Fe, Co) is caused by the rigidity of the molecular framework of ligands 3 that sterically inhibits interconversions between the redox-isomeric forms of the complexes. The calculations performed on complex 4 (M = Co) predict that a suitable structural modification that might provide for stabilization of the low-spin electromeric forms and create conditions for the valence tautomeric rearrangement via stabilization of the low-spin electromer and narrowing energy gap between the low-spin ground state tautomer and the minimal energy crossing point on the intersection of the potential energy surfaces of the interconverting structures consists in the replacement of an oxygen in the oxazine ring by a bulkier sulfur atom. PMID:21718042

  19. The chemical biology of Cu(II) complexes with imidazole or thiazole containing ligands: Synthesis, crystal structures and comparative biological activity.

    PubMed

    Lewis, Adam; McDonald, Molly; Scharbach, Stephanie; Hamaway, Stefan; Plooster, Melissa; Peters, Kyle; Fox, Kristin M; Cassimeris, Lynne; Tanski, Joseph M; Tyler, Laurie A

    2016-04-01

    The synthesis and characterization of two copper(II) complexes containing 2-(2-pyridyl)benzimidazole (PyBIm) are reported with the biological activity of these two complexes and a third Cu(II) complex containing 2-(2-pyridyl)benzothiazole (PyBTh). Complex 1, [Cu(PyBIm)(NO3)(H2O)](NO3), is a four coordinate, distorted square planar species with one ligand (N,N), nitrate and water bound to Cu(II). The [Cu(PyBIm)3](BF4)2 complex (2) has distorted octahedral geometry with a 3:1 Py(BIm) ligand to metal ratio. The distorted trigonal bi-pyramidal geometry of compound 3, [Cu(PyBTh)2(H2O)](BF4)2, is comprised of two PyBTh ligands and one water. Biological activity of 1-3 has been assessed by analyzing DNA interaction, nuclease ability, cytotoxic activity and antibacterial properties. Complex 3 exhibits potent concentration dependent SC-DNA cleavage forming single- and double-nicked DNA in contrast to the weak activity of complexes 1 and 2. Mechanistic studies indicate that all complexes utilize an oxidative mechanism however 1 and 2 employ O2(-) as the principal reactive oxygen species while the highly active 3 utilizes (1)O2. The interaction between 1-3 and DNA was investigated using fluorescence emission spectroscopy and revealed all complexes strongly intercalate DNA with Kapp values of 2.65×10(6), 1.85×10(6) and 2.72×10(6)M(-1), respectively. Cytotoxic effects of 1-3 were examined using HeLa and K562 cells and show cell death in the micromolar range with the activity of 1≈2 and were slightly higher than 3. Similar reactivity was observed in the antibacterial studies with E. coli and S. aureus. A detailed comparative analysis of the three complexes is presented. PMID:26828284

  20. Synthesis, crystal structure and characterization of a new mixed ligand cationic-anionic nickel(II) complex containing 1,4-diazepane

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sain, Saugata; Saha, Rajat; Pilet, Guillaume; Bandyopadhyay, Debasis

    2010-12-01

    A new mixed ligand cationic-anionic nickel(II) complex, [NiL 2][Ni(NCS) 4(H 2O) 2] ( 1), where L = 1,4-diazepane has been synthesized by reacting nickel perchlorate with 1,4-diazepane and ammonium thiocyanate in the 1:1:2 M ratio. The complex has been characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy, TGA and single crystal X-ray diffraction studies. Structural studies reveal the presence of two independent mononuclear complex ions in 1 viz., a square planar [NiL 2] 2+ and an octahedral [Ni(NCS) 4(H 2O) 2] 2- which are held together by H-bonding to form a 3D supramolecular structure in the solid state.

  1. Synthesis, structure information, DNA/BSA binding affinity and in vitro cytotoxic studies of mixed ligand copper(II) complexes containing a phenylalanine derivative and diimine co-ligands.

    PubMed

    Annaraj, B; Balakrishnan, C; Neelakantan, M A

    2016-07-01

    Binary [Cu(PAIC)(H2O)2]·H2O (1) and mixed ligand [Cu(PAIC)(L)]·2H2O complexes, where PAIC=phenylalanine imidazole carboxylic acid, L=diimine coligands [2,2'-bipyridine (bpy) (2) and 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) (3)] have been synthesized and fully characterized by analytical and spectral techniques. The X-ray structure of [Cu(PAIC)(phen)]·2H2O (3) shows a N4O coordination with square pyramidal geometry around the copper (II) atom. The spin Hamiltonian parameters calculated for the complexes account for the distorted square planar structure and rules out the possibility of a trigonal bipyramidal structure. Interaction of the complexes (1-3) with calf thymus DNA (CT DNA) was studied by using different techniques (absorption titration, fluorescence quenching and thermal melting) and the studies suggest that these complexes bind to CT DNA through intercalation. The DNA-binding affinity of the complexes has further been explained by DFT computational results. Binding activity of Bovine serum albumin (BSA) reveals that the complexes can strongly quench the intrinsic fluorescence of BSA through a static quenching mechanism. DNA cleavage experiments using plasmid DNA pUC 19 show that the complexes exhibit efficient chemical nuclease activity even in the absence of any external additives. The cytotoxicity of the complexes against human normal cell line (HBL 100) and human breast cancer cell line (MCF-7) shows that metal complexation of the ligands results in a significant enhancement in the cell death of MCF-7. Finally, docking studies on DNA and protein binding interactions were performed. PMID:27155593

  2. Synthesis, Structural Elucidation, and Biological Evaluation of NSC12, an Orally Available Fibroblast Growth Factor (FGF) Ligand Trap for the Treatment of FGF-Dependent Lung Tumors.

    PubMed

    Castelli, Riccardo; Giacomini, Arianna; Anselmi, Mattia; Bozza, Nicole; Vacondio, Federica; Rivara, Silvia; Matarazzo, Sara; Presta, Marco; Mor, Marco; Ronca, Roberto

    2016-05-26

    NSC12 is an orally available pan-FGF trap able to inhibit FGF2/FGFR interaction and endowed with promising antitumor activity. It was identified by virtual screening from a NCI small molecule library, but no data were available about its synthesis, stereochemistry, and physicochemical properties. We report here a synthetic route that allowed us to characterize and unambiguously identify the structure of the active compound by a combination of NMR spectroscopy and in silico conformational analysis. The synthetic protocol allowed us to sustain experiments aimed at assessing its therapeutic potential for the treatment of FGF-dependent lung cancers. A crucial step in the synthesis generated a couple of diastereoisomers, with only one able to act as a FGF trap molecule and to inhibit FGF-dependent receptor activation, cell proliferation, and tumor growth when tested in vitro and in vivo on murine and human lung cancer cells. PMID:27138345

  3. Synthesis, crystal structure, DFT study and photocatalytic property of a new Ni(II) complex of a symmetric N2O4-donor bis-Schiff base ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Hu; Meng, Xiangmin; Fan, Chuanbin; Fan, Yuhua; Bi, Caifeng

    2016-03-01

    A new complex, Ni(C22H26N2O10S2)·2CH3OH, with a sexidentate (N2O4) symmetric bis-Schiff base ligand (C22H26N2O10S2 = 1,2-bis(2-methoxy-6-formylphenoxy)ethane-2-aminoethane-sulfonic acid) has been synthesized and characterized by physico-chemical and spectroscopic methods. The X-ray crystal structure shows that the Ni(II) atom of the complex is six-coordinated by two nitrogens from Cdbnd N groups, two oxygens from ether groups and two hydroxyl oxygens from sulfonic acid groups in the mono-ligand, forming a distorted octahedral geometry. Theoretical study of the complex is carried out by density functional theory (DFT) method and the B3LYP method employing the 6-3l+G* basis set. Moreover, the complex proved to be good candidate for the photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue.

  4. Synthesis, structural characterization, thermal and electrochemical studies of Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes containing thiazolylazo ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chavan, S. S.; Sawant, V. A.

    2010-02-01

    Some thiazolylazo derivatives and their metal complexes of the type [M(L)(H 2O)Cl]; M = Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and L = 6-(2'-thiazolylazo)-2-mercapto-quinazolin-4-one (HL 1), 6-(4'-phenyl-2'-thiazolylazo)-2-mercapto-quinazolin-4-one (HL 2), 6-(2'-thiazolylazo)-2-mercapto-3-( m-tolyl)-quinazolin-4-one (HL 3) and 6-(4'-phenyl-2'-thiazolylazo)-2-mercapto-3-( m-tolyl)-quinazolin-4-one (HL 4) have been prepared. All the complexes were characterized on the basis of elemental analysis, molar conductance, magnetic moment, IR, UV-vis, ESR, TG-DTA and powder X-ray diffraction studies. IR spectra of these complexes reveal that the complex formation occurred through thiazole nitrogen, azo nitrogen, imino nitrogen and sulfur atom of the ligands. On the basis of electronic spectral data and magnetic susceptibility measurement octahedral geometry has been proposed for the Mn(II), Co(II) and Ni(II) complexes and distorted octahedral geometry for the Cu(II) complexes. Electrochemical behavior of Ni(II) complexes exhibit quasireversible oxidation corresponding to Ni(III)/Ni(II) couple along with ligand reduction. X-ray diffraction study is used to elucidate the crystal structure of the complexes.

  5. A novel samarium(ii) complex bearing a dianionic bis(phenolate) cyclam ligand: synthesis, structure and electron-transfer reactions.

    PubMed

    Maria, Leonor; Soares, Marina; Santos, Isabel C; Sousa, Vânia R; Mora, Elsa; Marçalo, Joaquim; Luzyanin, Konstantin V

    2016-03-01

    The reaction of the hexadentate dianionic 1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradecane-based bis(phenolate) ligand, (tBu2ArO)2Me2-cyclam(2-), with [SmI2(thf )2] in thf resulted in the formation of the divalent samarium complex [Sm(κ(6)-{(tBu2ArO)2Me2-cyclam})] (1). X-ray diffraction studies revealed that after recrystallization from n-hexane/thf complex 1 has a monomeric structure and does not contain thf molecules coordinated to the Sm(II) center. However, UV-vis and (1)H NMR spectroscopy of 1 evidenced the formation of thf-solvated complexes in neat thf. Reductive studies show that complex 1 can act as a single electrontransfer reagent and form well-defined Sm(III) species. The reaction of 1 with several substrates, namely, TlBPh4, pyridine N-oxide, OPPh3, SPPh3 and bipyridines, are reported. Spectroscopy studies, including NMR, and single crystal X-ray diffraction data are in agreement with the formation of cationic Sm(III) species, monochalcogenide bridged Sm(III) complexes and Sm(III) complexes with bipyridine radical ligand, respectively. PMID:26818107

  6. Synthesis, structure-affinity relationships, and radiolabeling of selective high-affinity 5-HT4 receptor ligands as prospective imaging probes for positron emission tomography.

    PubMed

    Xu, Rong; Hong, Jinsoo; Morse, Cheryl L; Pike, Victor W

    2010-10-14

    In a search for high-affinity receptor ligands that might serve for development as radioligands for the imaging of brain 5-HT(4) receptors in vivo with positron emission tomography (PET), structural modifications were made to the high-affinity 5-HT(4) antagonist (1-butylpiperidin-4-yl)methyl 8-amino-7-iodo-2,3-dihydrobenzo[b][1,4]dioxine-5-carboxylate (1, SB 207710). These modifications were made mainly on the aryl side of the ester bond to permit possible rapid labeling of the carboxylic acid component with a positron emitter, either carbon-11 (t(1/2) = 20.4 min) or fluorine-18 (t(1/2) = 109.7 min), and included (i) replacement of the iodine atom with a small substituent such as nitrile, methyl, or fluoro, (ii) methylation of the 8-amino group, (iii) opening of the dioxan ring, and (iv) alteration of the length of the N-alkyl goup. High-affinity ligands were discovered for recombinant human 5-HT(4) receptors with amenability to labeling with a positron emitter and potential for development as imaging probes. The ring-opened radioligand, (([methoxy-(11)C]1-butylpiperidin-4-yl)methyl 4-amino-3-methoxybenzoate; [(11)C]13), showed an especially favorable array of properties for future evaluation as a PET radioligand for brain 5-HT(4) receptors. PMID:20812727

  7. Complexes of cis-dioxomolybdenum(VI) and oxovanadium(IV) with a tridentate ONS donor ligand: synthesis, spectroscopic properties, X-ray crystal structure and catalytic activity.

    PubMed

    Fayed, Ahmed M; Elsayed, Shadia A; El-Hendawy, Ahmed M; Mostafa, Mohamed R

    2014-08-14

    New cis-dioxomolybdenum(VI) and oxovanadium(IV) complexes of the Schiff base, derived from S-methyl dithiocarbazate and 2,3-dihydroxybenzaldehyde (H2dhsm), have been synthesized. The complexes of the type cis-[MoO2(dhsm)] (1a), cis-[MoO2(dhsm)(D)] (1b-1d) [D=neutral monodentate ligand; EtOH, pyridine (py) or imidazole (imz)], [VO(dhsm)(NN)] (2a, 2b) [NN=2,2'-bipyridine (bipy) or 1,10-phenanthroline (phen)] and [VO(dhsm)] (2c) have been isolated, characterized by (1)H NMR, IR, UV-Vis and EPR spectral studies and investigated by cyclic voltammetry. The X-ray crystal structure of cis-[MoO2(dhsm)(EtOH)] (1b) has been determined and shows that the complex has a distorted octahedral geometry in which the H2dhsm behaves as a dianionic ONS tridentate ligand coordinating via phenoxide oxygen, hydrazinic nitrogen and thiolate sulfur. The oxomolybdenum(IV) complex [MoO(dhsm)] (1e) has obtained from dioxomolybdenum(VI) complex (1b) by oxo abstraction with PPh3. The reactivity of the complexes toward catalytic oxidation of alcohols in the presence of H2O2 and t-BuOOH as co-oxidants under solvent free conditions is reported. PMID:24747851

  8. Synthesis, Structure-affinity Relationships and Radiolabeling of Selective High-affinity 5-HT4 Receptor Ligands as Prospective Imaging Probes for PET

    PubMed Central

    Xu, Rong; Hong, Jinsoo; Morse, Cheryl L.; Pike, Victor W.

    2010-01-01

    In a search for high-affinity receptor ligands that might serve for development as radioligands for the imaging of brain 5-HT4 receptors in vivo with positron emission tomography (PET), structural modifications were made to the high-affinity 5-HT4 antagonist, (1-butylpiperidin-4-yl)methyl 8-amino-7-iodo-2,3-dihydrobenzo[b][1,4]dioxine-5-carboxylate (1, SB 207710). These modifications were made mainly on the aryl side of the ester bond to permit possible rapid labeling of the carboxylic acid component with a positron-emitter, either carbon-11 (t1/2 = 20.4 min) or fluorine-18 (t1/2 = 109.7 min), and included, i) replacement of the iodine atom with a small substituent such as nitrile, methyl or fluoro, ii) methylation of the 8-amino group, iii) opening of the dioxan ring, and iv) alteration of the length of the N-alkyl goup. High-affinity ligands were discovered for recombinant human 5-HT4 receptors with amenability to labeling with a positron-emitter and potential for development as imaging probes. The ring-opened radioligand, (([methoxy-11C]1-butylpiperidin-4-yl)methyl 4-amino-3-methoxybenzoate; [11C]13), showed an especially favorable array of properties for future evaluation as a PET radioligand for brain 5-HT4 receptors. PMID:20812727

  9. Ruthenium(II) bipyridine complexes bearing quinoline-azoimine (NN‧N″) tridentate ligands: Synthesis, spectral characterization, electrochemical properties and single-crystal X-ray structure analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Al-Noaimi, Mousa; Abdel-Rahman, Obadah S.; Fasfous, Ismail I.; El-khateeb, Mohammad; Awwadi, Firas F.; Warad, Ismail

    Four octahedral ruthenium(II) azoimine-quinoline complexes having the general molecular formula [RuII(Lsbnd Y)(bpy)Cl](PF6) {Lsbnd Y = YC6H4Ndbnd NC(COCH3)dbnd NC9H6N, Y = H (1), CH3 (2), Br (3), NO2 (4) and bpy = 2,2‧-bipyrdine} were synthesized. The azoimine-quinoline based ligands behave as NN‧N″ tridentate donors and coordinated to ruthenium via azo-N‧, imine-N‧ and quinolone-N″ nitrogen atoms. The composition of the complexes has been established by elemental analysis, spectral methods (FT-IR, electronic, 1H NMR, UV/Vis and electrochemical (cyclic voltammetry) techniques. The crystal structure of complex 1 is reported. The Ru(II) oxidation state is greatly stabilized by the novel tridentate ligands, showing Ru(III/II) couples ranging from 0.93-1.27 V vs. Cp2Fe/Cp2Fe+. The absorption spectrum of 1 in dichloromethane was modeled by time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT).

  10. Synthesis, electrochemical, structural, spectroscopic and biological activities of mixed ligand copper (II) complexes with 2-{[(Z)-(5-bromo-2-hydroxyphenyl)methylidene]amino}benzoic acid and nitrogenous bases

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Choudhary, Mukesh; Patel, R. N.; Rawat, S. P.

    2014-02-01

    Three new copper (II) complexes viz. [Cu(L1)(bipy)]ṡ2H2O 1, [Cu(L1)(dmp)]ṡCH3CN 2, [Cu(L1)(phen)] 3 where L1H2 = 2-{[(Z)-(5-bromo-2-hydroxyphenyl)methylidene]amino}benzoic acid, bipy = 2,2‧-bipyridine; dmp = 2,9-dimethyl 1,10-phenanthroline, phen = 1,10-phenanthroline have been synthesized and characterized by physic-chemical and spectroscopic methods. The solid-state structures of 1 and 2 were determined by single crystal X-ray crystallography, which revealed distorted square pyramidal geometry. In solid-state structure, 1 is self-assembled via intermolecular π…π stacking and the distances between centroids of aromatic ring is 3.525 Å. L1H2 is a diprotic tridentate Schiff base ligand having ONO donor site. Infrared spectra, ligand field spectra and magnetic susceptibility measurements agree with the observed crystal structures. The EPR spectra of these complexes in frozen DMSO solutions showed a single at g ca. 2. The trend in g-value (g|| > g⊥ > 2.0023) suggests that the unpaired electron on copper (II) has d character. Copper (II) complexes 1-3 yielded an irreversible couple corresponding to the Cu (II)/Cu (I) redox process. Superoxide dismutase activity of all these complexes has been revealed to catalyze the dismutation of superoxide (O2-) and IC50 values were evaluated and discussed. Antimicrobial and antifungal activities of these complexes were also investigated.

  11. Ligand placement based on prior structures: the guided ligand-replacement method

    SciTech Connect

    Klei, Herbert E.; Moriarty, Nigel W. Echols, Nathaniel; Terwilliger, Thomas C.; Baldwin, Eric T.; Pokross, Matt; Posy, Shana; Adams, Paul D.

    2014-01-01

    A new module, Guided Ligand Replacement (GLR), has been developed in Phenix to increase the ease and success rate of ligand placement when prior protein-ligand complexes are available. The process of iterative structure-based drug design involves the X-ray crystal structure determination of upwards of 100 ligands with the same general scaffold (i.e. chemotype) complexed with very similar, if not identical, protein targets. In conjunction with insights from computational models and assays, this collection of crystal structures is analyzed to improve potency, to achieve better selectivity and to reduce liabilities such as absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion and toxicology. Current methods for modeling ligands into electron-density maps typically do not utilize information on how similar ligands bound in related structures. Even if the electron density is of sufficient quality and resolution to allow de novo placement, the process can take considerable time as the size, complexity and torsional degrees of freedom of the ligands increase. A new module, Guided Ligand Replacement (GLR), was developed in Phenix to increase the ease and success rate of ligand placement when prior protein–ligand complexes are available. At the heart of GLR is an algorithm based on graph theory that associates atoms in the target ligand with analogous atoms in the reference ligand. Based on this correspondence, a set of coordinates is generated for the target ligand. GLR is especially useful in two situations: (i) modeling a series of large, flexible, complicated or macrocyclic ligands in successive structures and (ii) modeling ligands as part of a refinement pipeline that can automatically select a reference structure. Even in those cases for which no reference structure is available, if there are multiple copies of the bound ligand per asymmetric unit GLR offers an efficient way to complete the model after the first ligand has been placed. In all of these applications, GLR

  12. Synthesis, structures, and properties of three Zn(II), Mn(II), and Cd(II) compounds based on tetrazole-1-acetic ligand

    SciTech Connect

    Liu, Dong-Sheng Chen, Wen-Tong; Xu, Ya-Ping; Shen, Ping; Hu, Shao-Jun; Sui, Yan

    2015-03-15

    Three new compounds, ([Zn(tza){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O)]·H{sub 2}O){sub n} (1), ([Mn(tza){sub 2}(Htza){sub 2}]·2H{sub 2}O){sub n} (2) and [Cd(tza){sub 2}]{sub n} (3), were obtained by reactions of 1H-Tetrazole-1-acetic (Htza) with corresponding metal salts, and characterized by elemental analysis, infrared spectroscopy, and single crystal X-ray diffraction, respectively. The X-ray diffraction analysis reveals that compound 1 is three-dimensional (3D) supramolecular structure with line chains. Compound 2 is three-dimensional (3D) supramolecular structure with Mn-carboxylate chains. Compound 3 is a 3D framework with (3,6)-connected ‘ant’ topological network. Furthermore, the photoluminescence of 1 and 3 and the magnetic properties of 2 have also been investigated. - Graphical abstract: Three new Zn/Mn/Cd compounds were obtained by reactions of Htza with corresponding metal salts, and characterized by chemical methods. Different linear chains result in different final structures. Compounds 1 and 2 are 3D supramolecular structures. Compound 3 is a 3D framework with (3,6)-connected ‘ant’ topological network. - Highlights: • Three new Zn/Mn/Cd compounds based on Htza ligand has been synthesized. • Different linear chains result in different final structures. • The fluorescence or magnetic properties have been investigated.

  13. Synthesis and crystal structure of the rhodium(I) cyclooctadiene complex with bis(3-tert-butylimidazol-2-ylidene)borate ligand

    SciTech Connect

    Chen, F.; Shao, K.-J.; Xiao, Y.-C.; Pu, X.-J.; Zhu, B.; Jiang, M.-J.

    2015-12-15

    The rhodium(I) cyclooctadiene complex with the bis(3-tert-butylimidazol-2-ylidene)borate ligand [H{sub 2}B(Im{sup t}Bu){sup 2}]Rh(COD) C{sup 22}H{sup 36}BN{sup 4}Rh, has been prepared, and its crystal structure is determined by X-ray diffraction. Complex exhibits slightly distorted square planar configurations around the metal center, which is coordinated by the bidentate H{sup 2}B(Im{sup t}Bu){sub 2} and one cyclooctadiene group. The Rh–C{sub carbene} bond lengths are 2.043(4) and 2.074(4) Å, and the bond angle C–Rh1–C is 82.59°. The dihedral angle between two imidazol-2-ylidene rings is 67.30°.

  14. Synthesis and crystal structure of the rhodium(I) cyclooctadiene complex with bis(3- tert-butylimidazol-2-ylidene)borate ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, F.; Shao, K.-J.; Xiao, Y.-C.; Pu, X.-J.; Zhu, B.; Jiang, M.-J.

    2015-12-01

    The rhodium(I) cyclooctadiene complex with the bis(3- tert-butylimidazol-2-ylidene)borate ligand [H2B( Im t Bu)2]Rh(COD) C22H36BN4Rh, has been prepared, and its crystal structure is determined by X-ray diffraction. Complex exhibits slightly distorted square planar configurations around the metal center, which is coordinated by the bidentate H2B( Im t Bu)2 and one cyclooctadiene group. The Rh-Ccarbene bond lengths are 2.043(4) and 2.074(4) Å, and the bond angle C-Rh1-C is 82.59°. The dihedral angle between two imidazol-2-ylidene rings is 67.30°.

  15. Cationic half-sandwich Ru(II) complexes containing (N,N)-bound Schiff-base ligands: Synthesis, crystal structure analysis and spectroscopic studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tao, Li; Miao, Qian; Tehrani, Alireza Azhdari; Hajiashrafi, Taraneh; Hu, Mao-Lin; Morsali, Ali

    2016-08-01

    Three Ru(II) half-sandwich complexes containing (N,N)-bound Schiff-base ligands, [(η6-C6H6) RuCl(L1)]PF6 (1) L1 = (E)-1-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-N-(p-tolyl)methanimine, [(η6-p-cymene)RuCl(L1)]PF6 (2) and [(η6-p-cymene)RuCl(L2)]PF6(3) L2 = (E)-1-(6-bromopyridin-2-yl)-N-(p-tolyl)methanimine, were synthesized, characterized and their supramolecular structures were analyzed. The crystal packing of these compounds was studied using geometrical analysis and Hirshfeld surface analysis. The fluorescence behavior of these compounds was also studied. TD-DFT calculations were carried out to better understand the fluorescence properties of complexes 1-3. These compounds could be promising for the design of organometallic dye systems.

  16. Rational design, synthesis, and verification of affinity ligands to a protein surface cleft

    PubMed Central

    Baumann, Herbert; Öhrman, Sara; Shinohara, Yasuro; Ersoy, Oguz; Choudhury, Devapriya; Axén, Andreas; Tedebark, Ulf; Carredano, Enrique

    2003-01-01

    The structure-based design, synthesis, and screening of a glucuronic acid scaffold library of affinity ligands directed toward the catalytic cleft on porcine pancreas α-amylase are presented. The design was based on the simulated docking to the enzyme active site of 53 aryl glycosides from the Available Chemicals Directory (ACD) selected by in silico screening. Twenty-three compounds were selected for synthesis and screened in solution for binding toward α-amylase using nuclear magnetic resonance techniques. The designed molecules include a handle outside of the binding site to allow their attachment to various surfaces with minimal loss of binding activity. After initial screening in solution, one affinity ligand was selected, immobilized to Sepharose (Amersham Biosciences), and evaluated as a chromatographic probe. A column packed with ligand-coupled Sepharose specifically retained the enzyme, which could be eluted by a known inhibitor. PMID:12649437

  17. Synthesis, structure, and catalytic properties of V(IV), Mn(III), Mo(VI), and U(VI) complexes containing bidentate (N, O) oxazine and oxazoline ligands.

    PubMed

    Kandasamy, Karuppasamy; Singh, Harkesh B; Butcher, Ray J; Jasinski, Jerry P

    2004-09-01

    Synthesis of seven complexes containing oxazoline ([(L(1))(2)V=O] (4), [(L(1))(2)MoO(2)] (5), [(L(1))(2)UO(2)] (6); HL(1) (1) [HL(1) = 2-(4',4'-dimethyl-3'-4'-dihydroxazol-2'-yl)phenol]), chiral oxazoline ([(L(2))(2)UO(2)] (7); HL(2) (2) [HL(2) = (4'R)-2-(4'-ethyl-3'4'-dihyroxazol-2'-yl)phenol]), and oxazine ([(L(3))(2)V=O] (8), [(L(3))(2)Mn(CH(3)COO(-))] (9), [(L(3))(2)Co] (10); HL(3) (3) [HL(3) = 2-(5,6-dihydro-4H-1,3-oxazolinyl)phenol]) and their characterization by various techniques such as UV-vis, IR, and EPR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, cyclic voltammetry, and elemental analysis are reported. The novel oxazine (3) and complexes 4, 5, 8 and 9 were also characterized by X-ray crystallography. Oxazine 3 crystallizes in the monoclinic system with the P2(1)/n space group, complexes 4 and 9 crystallize in the monoclinic system with the P2(1)/c space group, and complexes 5 and 8 crystallize in the orthorhombic system with the C222(1) space group and the P2(1)2(1)2(1) chiral space group, respectively. The representative synthetic procedure involves the reaction of metal acetate or acetylacetonate derivatives with corresponding ligand in ethanol. Addition of Mn(OAc)(2).4H(2)O to an ethanol solution of 3 gave the unexpected complex Mn(L(3))(2).(CH(3)COO(-)) (9) where the acetate group is coordinated with the metal center in a bidentate fashion. The catalytic activity of complexes 4-9 for oxidation of styrene with tert-butyl hydroperoxide was tested. In all cases, benzaldehyde formed exclusively as the oxidation product. PMID:15332823

  18. Synthesis of a new N-substituted bis-benzimidazolyl diamide ligand and its trinuclear copper(II) complex: Structural and fluorescence studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mahiya, Kuldeep; Mathur, Pavan

    2013-09-01

    The synthesis of a new N-substituted fluorescent probe based on a bis-benzimidazole diamide N2,N2‧-bis[(1-(4-methylbenzyl)-benzimidazol-2-yl)methyl]biphenyl-2,2‧-dicarboxamide (L1) with a biphenyl spacer group and its trinuclear copper(II) complex [Cu3(L1)3Cl3]ṡ3Clṡ3H2O] has been described. X-ray studies shows that the trinuclear complex crystallizes as [{Cu3(L1)3Cl3}2ṡ6Clṡ13CH3CNṡ2H2O] in triclinic space group P-1 with two independent molecules in the asymmetric unit. Each copper(II) adopts a distorted penta-coordinated geometry in each unit. The fluorescence spectra of L1 in methanol show an emission band centered at 300 nm. This band arises due to benzimidazolyl moiety in the ligating system. The diamide L1 in the presence of Fe3+ show the simultaneous ‘quenching' of (300 nm) and ‘enhancement' of (375 nm) emission band. The new emission band at 375 nm is attributed to intra ligand π-π* transition of the biphenyl moiety. While Cu2+ and Ag+ show only the quenching of the 300 nm band. No such behavior was observed with other metal ions like Ni2+, Co2+, Mn2+, Mg2+, Zn2+ and Pb2+. The quenching constant with Fe3+, Ag+ and Cu2+ are calculated by the Stern-Volmer plots.

  19. Structural dynamics of liganded myoglobin

    SciTech Connect

    Frauenfelder, H.; Petsko, G.A.

    1980-10-01

    X-ray crystallography can reveal the magnitudes and principal directions of the mean-square displacements of every atom in a protein. This structural information is complementary to the temporal information obtainable by spectroscopic techniques such as nuclear magnetic resonance. Determination of the temperature dependence of the mean-square displacements makes it possible to separate large conformational motions from simple thermal vibrations. The contribution of crystal lattice disorder to the overall apparent displacement can be estimated by Moessbauer spectroscopy. This technique has been applied to high resolution x-ray diffraction data from sperm whale myoglobin in its Met iron and oxy cobalt forms. Both crystal structures display regions of large conformational motions, particularly at the chain termini and in the region of the proximal histidine. Overall, the mean-square displacement increases with increasing distance from the center of gravity of the molecule. Some regions of the heme pocket in oxy cobalt myoglobin are more rigid than the corresponding regions in Met myoglobin.

  20. Group 1 and group 2 metal complexes supported by a bidentate bulky iminopyrrolyl ligand: synthesis, structural diversity, and ε-caprolactone polymerization study.

    PubMed

    Kottalanka, Ravi K; Harinath, A; Rej, Supriya; Panda, Tarun K

    2015-12-14

    We report here a series of alkali and alkaline earth metal complexes, each with a bulky iminopyrrolyl ligand [2-(Ph3CN=CH)C4H3NH] (1-H) moiety in their coordination sphere, synthesized using either alkane elimination or silylamine elimination methods or the salt metathesis route. The lithium salt of molecular composition [Li(2-(Ph3CN=CH)C4H3N)(THF)2] (2) was prepared using the alkane elimination method, and the silylamine elimination method was used to synthesize the dimeric sodium and tetra-nuclear potassium salts of composition [(2-(Ph3CN=CH)C4H3N)Na(THF)]2 (3) and [(2-(Ph3CN=CH)C4H3N)K(THF)0.5]4 (4) respectively. The magnesium complex of composition [(THF)2Mg(CH2Ph){2-(Ph3CN=CH)C4H3N}] (5) was synthesized through the alkane elimination method, in which [Mg(CH2Ph)2(OEt2)2] was treated with the bulky iminopyrrole ligand 1-H in 1 : 1 molar ratio, whereas the bis(iminopyrrolyl)magnesium complex [(THF)2Mg{2-(Ph3CN=CH)C4H3N}2] (6) was isolated using the salt metathesis route. The heavier alkaline earth metal complexes of the general formula {(THF)nM(2-(Ph3CN=CH)C4H3N)2} [M = Ca (7), Sr (8), and n = 2; M = Ba (9), n = 3] were prepared in pure form using two synthetic methods: in the first method, the bulky iminopyrrole ligand 1-H was directly treated with the alkaline earth metal precursor [M{N(SiMe3)2}2(THF)n] (where M = Ca, Sr and Ba) in 2 : 1 molar ratio in THF solvent at ambient temperature. The complexes 7-9 were also obtained using the salt metathesis reaction, which involves the treatment of the potassium salt (4) with the corresponding metal diiodides MI2 (M = Ca, Sr and Ba) in 2 : 1 molar ratio in THF solvent. The molecular structures of all the metal complexes (1-H, 2-9) in the solid state were established through single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The complexes 5-9 were tested as catalysts for the ring-opening polymerization of ε-caprolactone. High activity was observed in the heavier alkaline earth metal complexes 7-9, with a very

  1. Cyclo- and carbophosphazene-supported ligands for the assembly of heterometallic (Cu2+/Ca2+, Cu2+/Dy3+, Cu2+/Tb3+) complexes: synthesis, structure, and magnetism.

    PubMed

    Chandrasekhar, Vadapalli; Senapati, Tapas; Dey, Atanu; Das, Sourav; Kalisz, Marguerite; Clérac, Rodolphe

    2012-02-20

    The carbophosphazene and cyclophosphazene hydrazides, [{NC(N(CH(3))(2))}(2){NP{N(CH(3))NH(2)}(2)}] (1) and [N(3)P(3)(O(2)C(12)H(8))(2){N(CH(3))NH(2)}(2)] were condensed with o-vanillin to afford the multisite coordination ligands [{NC(N(CH(3))(2))}(2){NP{N(CH(3))N═CH-C(6)H(3)-(o-OH)(m-OCH(3))}(2)}] (2) and [{N(2)P(2)(O(2)C(12)H(8))(2)}{NP{N(CH(3))N═CH-C (6)H(3)-(o-OH)(m-OCH(3))}(2)}] (3), respectively. These ligands were used for the preparation of heterometallic complexes [{NC(N(CH(3))(2))}(2){NP{N(CH(3))N═CH-C(6)H(3)-(o-O)(m-OCH(3))}(2)}{CuCa(NO(3))(2)}] (4), [{NC(N(CH(3))(2))}(2){NP{N(CH(3))N═CH-C(6)H(3)-(o-O)(m-OCH(3))}(2)}{Cu(2)Ca(2)(NO(3))(4)}]·4H(2)O (5), [{NC(N(CH(3))(2))}(2){NP{N(CH(3))N═CH-C(6)H(3)-(o-O)(m-OCH(3))}(2)}{CuDy(NO(3))(4)}]·CH(3)COCH(3) (6), [{NP(O(2)C(12)H(8))}(2){NP{N(CH(3))N═CH-C(6)H(3)-(o-O)(m-OCH(3))}(2)}{CuDy(NO(3))(3)}] (7), and [{NP(O(2)C(12)H(8))}(2){NP{N(CH(3))N═CH-C(6)H(3)-(o-O)(m-OCH(3))}(2)}{CuTb(NO(3))(3)}] (8). The molecular structures of these compounds reveals that the ligands 2 and 3 possess dual coordination pockets which are used to specifically bind the transition metal ion and the alkaline earth/lanthanide metal ion; the Cu(2+)/Ca(2+), Cu(2+)/Tb(3+), and Cu(2+)/Dy(3+) pairs in these compounds are brought together by phenoxide and methoxy oxygen atoms. While 4, 6, 7, and 8 are dinuclear complexes, 5 is a tetranuclear complex. Detailed magnetic properties on 6-8 reveal that these compounds show weak couplings between the magnetic centers and magnetic anisotropy. However, the ac susceptibility experiments did not reveal any out of phase signal suggesting that in these compounds slow relaxation of magnetization is absent above 1.8 K. PMID:22320309

  2. Synthesis and physicochemical characterization of two lead(II) complexes with O-, N-donor ligands. Lone pair functionality and crystal structure.

    PubMed

    Masternak, Joanna; Barszcz, Barbara; Hodorowicz, Maciej; Khavryuchenko, Oleksiy V; Majka, Alina

    2015-02-01

    A dinuclear [Pb2(4-CHO-5-MeIm)6(NO3)2](NO3)2 (1) and a polynuclear [Pb(2-pzc)2(H2O)]n (2) complexes (where 5(4)-carbaldehyde-4(5)-methylimidazole (5(4)-CHO-4(5)-MeIm) and pyrazine-2-carboxylic acid (2-pzcH)) have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography. Structural determination for complex 1 reveals a cationic species [Pb(4-CHO-5-MeIm)3]2+ connected through bridging nitrate(V) ions. There are also an uncoordinated nitrate ions as counterions. Complex 2 is a three-dimensional architecture consisting of Pb6O12 building units. The pyrazine-2-carboxylato ligand behaves as a chelating agent and a bi-connective bridge. The coordination polyhedra around lead(II) ion could be described as a distorted docecahedron (1) or monocapped trigonal prism (2). The luminescent properties of 1 and 2 investigated in the solid state at room temperature indicate structure-dependent photoluminescent properties. The DFT calculations and the X-ray structural data point on rather hemidirected type of coordination around Pb(II) ions of 1 and 2. PMID:25168002

  3. Studies on the synthesis and opioid agonistic activities of mitragynine-related indole alkaloids: discovery of opioid agonists structurally different from other opioid ligands.

    PubMed

    Takayama, Hiromitsu; Ishikawa, Hayato; Kurihara, Mika; Kitajima, Mariko; Aimi, Norio; Ponglux, Dhavadee; Koyama, Fumi; Matsumoto, Kenjiro; Moriyama, Tomoyuki; Yamamoto, Leonard T; Watanabe, Kazuo; Murayama, Toshihiko; Horie, Syunji

    2002-04-25

    Mitragynine (1) is a major alkaloidal component in the Thai traditional medicinal herb, Mitragyna speciosa, and has been proven to exhibit analgesic activity mediated by opioid receptors. By utilizing this natural product as a lead compound, synthesis of some derivatives, evaluations of the structure-activity relationship, and surveys of the intrinsic activities and potencies on opioid receptors were performed with guinea pig ileum. The affinities of some compounds for mu-, delta-, and kappa-receptors were determined in a receptor binding assay. The essential structural moieties in the Corynanthe type indole alkaloids for inducing the opioid agonistic activity were also clarified. The oxidative derivatives of mitragynine, i.e., mitragynine pseudoindoxyl (2) and 7-hydroxymitragynine (12), were found as opioid agonists with higher potency than morphine in the experiment with guinea pig ileum. In addition, 2 induced an analgesic activity in the tail flick test in mice. PMID:11960505

  4. Synthesis of the calcilytic ligand NPS 2143

    PubMed Central

    Johansson, Henrik; Cailly, Thomas; Rojas Bie Thomsen, Alex; Bräuner-Osborne, Hans

    2013-01-01

    Summary (R)-3 (NPS 2143) is a negative allosteric modulator of the human calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) and as such represents an important pharmacological tool compound for studying the CaSR. Herein, we disclose for the first time a complete experimental description, detailed characterisation and assessment of enantiomeric purity for (R)-3. An efficient, reproducible and scalable synthesis of (R)-3 that requires a minimum of chromatographic purification steps is presented. (R)-3 was obtained in excellent optical purity (er > 99:1) as demonstrated by chiral HPLC and the pharmacological profile for (R)-3 is in full accordance with that reported in the literature. PMID:23946832

  5. Natural compounds in the synthesis of chiral organophosphorous ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tolstikov, Alexander G.; Khlebnikova, Tatiana B.; Tolstikova, Olga V.; Tolstikov, Genrikh A.

    2003-09-01

    Methods for the synthesis of chiral organophosphorus compounds based on natural optically active compounds (hydroxy acids, amino acids and their derivatives, mono- and disaccharides, mono- and diterpenoids, steroids) are discussed. Particular attention is given to the synthesis of bisphosphines and bisphosphinites. These compounds serve as ligands for transition metal complexes, which catalyse asymmetric hydrogenation. Data on the enantioselectivity of hydrogenation of unsaturated precursors of amino acids and unsaturated prochiral acids as well as on information on the enantioselectivity of hydrosilylation of ketones are surveyed.

  6. Recent developments in the synthesis of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor ligands.

    PubMed

    Breining, Scott R

    2004-01-01

    The extraordinary pharmacology of nicotine and epibatidine have indicated the potential for nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) ligands to serve as a new therapeutic class for a host of CNS disorders. Many such ligands are natural products, or analogs thereof, which represent a significant challenge to the synthetic chemist. Synthesis of such molecules often serves as a showcase to demonstrate the potential of newly developed methodology. This synthetic challenge coupled with the promise of pharmacological activity in compounds possessing the nicotinic pharmacophore has stimulated a great deal of synthetic activity over the last five years. The present report provides an overview of novel synthetic methodology occurring during this period directed toward the synthesis of compounds with presumed affinity for the neuronal nAChR. Syntheses chosen for review here represent the major efforts toward molecules such as epibatidine analogs, anatoxin-a, nicotine and related alkaloids, conformationally constrained nicotine derivatives, cytisine and methyllycaconitine (MLA). PMID:14965298

  7. Synthesis and crystal structure of copper (II) uracil ternary polymeric complex with 1,10-phenanthroline along with the Hirshfeld surface analysis of the metal binding sites for the uracil ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Patil, Yogesh Prakash; Nethaji, Munirathinam

    2015-02-01

    The study of models for "metal-enzyme-substrate" interaction has been a proactive area of research owing to its biological and pharmacological importance. In this regard the ternary copper uracil complex with 1,10-phenanthroline represents metal-enzyme-substrate system for DNA binding enzymes. The synthesis of the complex, followed by slow evaporation of the reaction mixture forms two concomitant solvatomorph crystals viz., {[Cu(phen)(μ-ura)(H2O)]n·H2O (1a)} and {[Cu(phen)(μ-ura)(H2O)]n·CH3OH (1b)}. Both complexes are structurally characterized, while elemental analysis, IR and EPR spectra were recorded for 1b (major product). In both complexes, uracil coordinates uniquely via N1 and N3 nitrogen atom acting as a bidentate bridging ligand forming a 1-D polymer. The two solvatomorphs were quantitatively analyzed for the differences with the aid of Hirshfeld surface analysis.

  8. Bi- and trinuclear copper(I) complexes of 1,2,3-triazole-tethered NHC ligands: synthesis, structure, and catalytic properties

    PubMed Central

    Du, Jiehao; Huang, Jingjing; Xia, Huan; Yang, Ling; Xu, Weilin

    2016-01-01

    Summary A series of copper complexes (3–6) stabilized by 1,2,3-triazole-tethered N-heterocyclic carbene ligands have been prepared via simple reaction of imidazolium salts with copper powder in good yields. The structures of bi- and trinuclear copper complexes were fully characterized by NMR, elemental analysis (EA), and X-ray crystallography. In particular, [Cu2(L2)2](PF6)2 (3) and [Cu2(L3)2](PF6)2 (4) were dinuclear copper complexes. Complexes [Cu3(L4)2](PF6)3 (5) and [Cu3(L5)2](PF6)3 (6) consist of a triangular Cu3 core. These structures vary depending on the imidazolium backbone and N substituents. The copper–NHC complexes tested are highly active for the Cu-catalyzed azide–alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC) reaction in an air atmosphere at room temperature in a CH3CN solution. Complex 4 is the most efficient catalyst among these polynuclear complexes in an air atmosphere at room temperature. PMID:27340477

  9. Synthesis, structure and characterization of two new Zn(II) and Cd(II) complexes with the bidentate ligand 2-[(2-aminoethyl)amino]ethanaminium (AEEA)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nbili, Wijdene; Zeller, Matthias; Lefebvre, Frédéric; Ben Nasr, Cherif

    2015-04-01

    Two new Zn(II) and Cd(II) complexes with the bidentate ligand 2-[(2-aminoethyl)amino]ethanaminium (AEEA), [ZnCl2(C4H14N3)]ClO4 (1) and [CdCl2(C4H14N3)]ClO4 (2), have been prepared and were characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction, elemental analysis, CP-MAS-NMR and IR spectroscopies. The basic coordination patterns of the AEEA coordinated metal cations is highly distorted tetrahedral in (1) and distorted octahedral in (2). The crystal structure of (1) is characterized by ZnCl2N2 tetrahedra interconnected via N-H⋯Cl hydrogen bonds to form layers parallel to the (b, a + c) plane. In (2), the CdN2Cl4 entities form polymeric chains of edge-sharing octahedra extending along the a-axis direction. The crystal structures are stabilized by sets of hydrogen bonds, some of which are bi or trifurcated. The 13C and 15N CP-MAS NMR spectra are discussed and the vibrational absorption bands were identified by infrared spectroscopy.

  10. Bi- and trinuclear copper(I) complexes of 1,2,3-triazole-tethered NHC ligands: synthesis, structure, and catalytic properties.

    PubMed

    Gu, Shaojin; Du, Jiehao; Huang, Jingjing; Xia, Huan; Yang, Ling; Xu, Weilin; Lu, Chunxin

    2016-01-01

    A series of copper complexes (3-6) stabilized by 1,2,3-triazole-tethered N-heterocyclic carbene ligands have been prepared via simple reaction of imidazolium salts with copper powder in good yields. The structures of bi- and trinuclear copper complexes were fully characterized by NMR, elemental analysis (EA), and X-ray crystallography. In particular, [Cu2(L2)2](PF6)2 (3) and [Cu2(L3)2](PF6)2 (4) were dinuclear copper complexes. Complexes [Cu3(L4)2](PF6)3 (5) and [Cu3(L5)2](PF6)3 (6) consist of a triangular Cu3 core. These structures vary depending on the imidazolium backbone and N substituents. The copper-NHC complexes tested are highly active for the Cu-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC) reaction in an air atmosphere at room temperature in a CH3CN solution. Complex 4 is the most efficient catalyst among these polynuclear complexes in an air atmosphere at room temperature. PMID:27340477

  11. Synthesis, structure, and substitution mechanism of new Ru(II) complexes containing 1,4,7-trithiacyclononane and 1,10-phenanthroline ligands.

    PubMed

    Sala, Xavier; Romero, Isabel; Rodríguez, Montserrat; Llobet, Antoni; González, Gabriel; Martínez, Manuel; Benet-Buchholz, Jordi

    2004-08-23

    Two new Ru complexes containing the 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) and 1,4,7-trithiacyclononane ([9]aneS3, SCH2CH2SCH2CH2SCH2CH2) ligands of general formula [Ru(phen)(L)([9]aneS3)]2+ (L = MeCN, 3; L = pyridine (py), 4) have been prepared and thoroughly characterized. Structural characterization in the solid state has been performed by means of X-ray diffraction analyses, which show a distorted octahedral environment for a diamagnetic d6 Ru(II), as expected. 1H NMR spectroscopy provides evidence that the same structural arrangement is maintained in solution. Further spectroscopic characterization has been carried out by UV-vis spectroscopy where the higher acceptor capability of MeCN versus the py ligand is manifested in a 9-15-nm blue shift in its MLCT bands. The E1/2 redox potential of the Ru(III)/Ru(II) couple for 3 is anodically shifted with respect to its Ru-py analogue, 4, by 60 mV, which is also in agreement with a higher electron-withdrawing capacity of the former. The mechanism for the reaction Ru-py + MeCN--> Ru-MeCN + py has also been investigated at different temperatures with and without irradiation. In the absence of irradiation at 326 K, the thermal process gives kinetic constants of k2 = 1.4 x 10(-5) s(-1) (DeltaH(++) = 108 +/- 3 kJ mol(-1), DeltaS(++) = -8 +/- 9 J K(-1) mol(-1)) and k-2 = 2.9 x 10(-6) s(-1) (DeltaH(++) = 121 +/- 1 kJ mol(-1), DeltaS(++) = 18 +/- 3 J K(-1) mol(-1)). The phototriggered process is faster and consists of preequilibrium formation of an intermediate that thermally decays to the final Ru-MeCN complex with an apparent rate constant of (k1Khnu)app = 1.8 x 10(-4) s(-1) at 304 K, under the continuous irradiation experimental conditions used. PMID:15310220

  12. Mixed ligand complexes of bis(phenylimine) Schiff base ligands incorporating pyridinium moiety. Synthesis, characterization and antibacterial activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mohamed, Gehad G.; El-Wahab, Zeinab H. Abd

    2005-04-01

    The synthesis and structural characterization of mixed ligand complexes derived from 2,6-pyridinedicarboxaldehydebis( o-hydroxyphenylimine), 2,6-pyridinedicarboxaldehydebis( p-hydroxyphenylimine) (1 ry ligands) and 2-aminopyridne (2 ry ligand) are reported. The ligands and their transition metal complexes were characterized on the bases of their elemental analyses, IR, solid reflectance, magnetic moment, molar conductance and thermal analysis (TGA). The mixed ligand complexes are formed in the 1:1:1 (M:L 1 or L 2:L') ratio as found from the elemental analyses and found to have the formulae [MX 2(L 1 or L 2)(L')]· nH 2O where M = Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II), L 1 = 2,6-pyridinedicarboxaldehydebis( p-hydroxyphenylimine), L 2 = 2,6-pyridine dicarboxaldehydebis( o-hydroxyphenylimine), L' = 2-aminopyridine, X = Cl - in case of Cu(II) complex and Br - in case of Co(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) complexes and y = 0-3. The molar conductance data reveal that the chelates are non-electrolytes. IR spectra show that the Schiff bases are coordinated to the metal ions in a terdentate manner with NNN donor sites of the pyridine- N and two azomethine- N. While 2-aminopyridine coordinated to the metal ions via its pyridine- N. Magnetic and solid reflectance spectra are used to infer the coordinating capacity of the ligand and the geometrical structure of these complexes are found to be octahedral. The thermal behaviour of these chelates shows that the hydrated water molecules and the anions are removed in a successive two steps followed immediately by decomposition of the ligands (L 1, L 2 and L') in the subsequent steps. The activation thermodynamic parameters, such as, E*, Δ H*, Δ S* and Δ G* are calculated from the TG curves and discussed. The ligands and their metal chelates have been screened for their antimicrobial activities and the findings have been reported, explained and compared with some known antibiotics.

  13. Mixed ligand complexes of bis(phenylimine) Schiff base ligands incorporating pyridinium moiety Synthesis, characterization and antibacterial activity.

    PubMed

    Mohamed, Gehad G; Abd El-Wahab, Zeinab H

    2005-04-01

    The synthesis and structural characterization of mixed ligand complexes derived from 2,6-pyridinedicarboxaldehydebis(o-hydroxyphenylimine), 2,6-pyridinedicarboxaldehydebis(p-hydroxyphenylimine) (1(ry) ligands) and 2-aminopyridne (2(ry) ligand) are reported. The ligands and their transition metal complexes were characterized on the bases of their elemental analyses, IR, solid reflectance, magnetic moment, molar conductance and thermal analysis (TGA). The mixed ligand complexes are formed in the 1:1:1 (M:L(1) or L(2):L') ratio as found from the elemental analyses and found to have the formulae [MX(2)(L(1) or L(2))(L')].nH(2)O where M = Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II), L(1) = 2,6-pyridinedicarboxaldehydebis(p-hydroxyphenylimine), L(2) = 2,6-pyridine dicarboxaldehydebis(o-hydroxyphenylimine), L' = 2-aminopyridine, X = Cl(-) in case of Cu(II) complex and Br(-) in case of Co(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) complexes and y = 0-3. The molar conductance data reveal that the chelates are non-electrolytes. IR spectra show that the Schiff bases are coordinated to the metal ions in a terdentate manner with NNN donor sites of the pyridine-N and two azomethine-N. While 2-aminopyridine coordinated to the metal ions via its pyridine-N. Magnetic and solid reflectance spectra are used to infer the coordinating capacity of the ligand and the geometrical structure of these complexes are found to be octahedral. The thermal behaviour of these chelates shows that the hydrated water molecules and the anions are removed in a successive two steps followed immediately by decomposition of the ligands (L(1), L(2) and L') in the subsequent steps. The activation thermodynamic parameters, such as, E*, DeltaH*, DeltaS* and DeltaG* are calculated from the TG curves and discussed. The ligands and their metal chelates have been screened for their antimicrobial activities and the findings have been reported, explained and compared with some known antibiotics. PMID:15741103

  14. A non-oxo methanolate-bridged divanadium(IV) complex with tris(2-sulfanidylphenyl)phosphane ligands: synthesis, structural characterization and magnetic investigation.

    PubMed

    Wu, Hong Ming; Chang, Ya Ho; Su, Chia Lin; Lee, Gene Hsiang; Hsu, Hua Fen

    2016-05-01

    Vanadium chemistry is of interest due its biological relevance and medical applications. In particular, the interactions of high-valent vanadium ions with sulfur-containing biologically important molecules, such as cysteine and glutathione, might be related to the redox conversion of vanadium in ascidians, the function of amavadin (a vanadium-containing anion) and the antidiabetic behaviour of vanadium compounds. A mechanistic understanding of these aspects is important. In an effort to investigate high-valent vanadium-sulfur chemistry, we have synthesized and characterized the non-oxo divanadium(IV) complex salt tetraphenylphosphonium tri-μ-methanolato-κ(6)O:O-bis({tris[2-sulfanidyl-3-(trimethylsilyl)phenyl]phosphane-κ(4)P,S,S',S''}vanadium(IV)) methanol disolvate, (C24H20P)[V(IV)2(μ-OCH3)3(C27H36PS3)2]·2CH3OH. Two V(IV) metal centres are bridged by three methanolate ligands, giving a C2-symmetric V2(μ-OMe)3 core structure. Each V(IV) centre adopts a monocapped trigonal antiprismatic geometry, with the P atom situated in the capping position and the three S atoms and three O atoms forming two triangular faces of the trigonal antiprism. The magnetic data indicate a paramagnetic nature of the salt, with an S = 1 spin state. PMID:27146571

  15. Polydentate-ligand-supported self-assembly of heterometallic T-shaped Co4RE (RE = Gd, Tb, Y) clusters: synthesis, structure and magnetism.

    PubMed

    Ke, Hongshan; Zhao, Lang; Guo, Yang; Tang, Jinkui

    2012-08-28

    A series of mixed-valent heterometallic pentanuclear Co(III)(3)Co(II)RE(III) (RE = Gd (1), Tb (2), Y (3)) clusters have been rationally assembled by taking advantage of a bifunctional ligand with o-vanillin and tripodal tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane units. Structural determinations reveal that all compounds are isomorphous and possess a T-shaped Co(4)RE core, which comprises two nearly linear Co(2)RE subunits sharing a common RE ion. Their magnetic properties were thoroughly studied. The static magnetic susceptibility studies of 1 demonstrate the presence of weak ferromagnetic interactions between the magnetic centres and magnetic anisotropy reflected by the single ion zero-field splitting (ZFS) D term. Both 1 and 2 behave magnetically as heterodinuclear metal systems, while the magnetic behaviour of 3 is identical to an isolated Co(II) ion. Moreover, alternating-current susceptibility measurements did not exhibit any out-of-phase signal, suggesting that slow magnetic relaxation is absent above 2 K within them. These isomorphous Co(4)RE clusters offer an opportunity to systematically probe the contribution of different metal ions to the overall magnetic behaviour in Co(II)-RE(III) systems. PMID:22767361

  16. Synthesis, structure and properties of (VIVO)2MII (M = Cu, Zn) trinuclear complexes derived from a new macrocyclic oxamido vanadium (IV)-oxo ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hu, Hui; Yang, Fan; Zhang, Rui-Hong; Zhang, Yan-Hong; Liu, Da-Ying; Yang, Guang-Ming

    2013-03-01

    A novel macrocyclic oxamidato-bridged vanadium (IV)-oxo mononuclear ligand VOL (VOL = vanadium (IV)-oxo H2L = 2,3-dioxo-5,6:13,14-dibenzo-7,10,12-trimethyl-1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclo-tetradeca-7,12-diene) (1) has been synthesized by solvent-thermal in situ reaction and characterized by electron paramagnanetic resonance (EPR). Subsequently, using VOL as a precursor, its derivative trinuclear complexes [(VOL)2Cu(CH3OH)2](ClO4)2ṡ2CH3OH (2) and [(VOL)2Zn(CH3OH)2](ClO4)2ṡ2CH3OH (3) have been prepared and the crystal structures of the two complexes have been identified by the same method with 1. Thermal stabilities of compounds 1, 2 and 3 were studied and the results revealed that 1, 2 and 3 could be stable up to 205 °C, 234 °C and 250 °C, respectively. Moreover, the simulation of the EPR spectra of 1, 2 and 3 indicated the three oxo-vanadium samples were not oxidized and all of them remained in the active +4 oxidation state.

  17. Synthesis, molecular structure and DFT studies of tricarbonylrhenium(I) complexes containing nitrogen based bis, tris, tetrakis-(di-2-pyridylaminomethyl)benzene ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sangilipandi, S.; Sutradhar, Dipankar; Kaminsky, Werner; Chandra, Asit K.; Mohan Rao, K.

    2016-07-01

    The reactions of rhenium starting precursor with the corresponding N,N‧-bidentate 2,2‧-dipyridylamine ligands (L1-L5) in toluene medium under nitrogen atmosphere leads to the formation of mononuclear tricarbonylrhenium(I) complexes. These complexes are denoted by general formula fac-[Re(L) (CO)3Br] (1-5); where, L = 1,2-bis(di-2-pyridylaminomethyl)benzene (L1), 1,3-bis(di-2-pyridylaminomethyl)benzene (L2), 1,4-bis(di-2-pyridylaminomethyl)benzene (L3), 1,3,5-tris(di-2-pyridylaminomethyl)benzene (L4) and 1,2,4,5-tetrakis(di-2-pyridylaminomethyl)benzene (L5). All these complexes have been synthesized and characterized by FT-IR, 1H NMR, UV-Vis and mass spectroscopic techniques. Emission spectrum for these complexes has also been investigated and found that complex (5) shows maximum emission as compared to other complexes. Moreover, two of the complexes (2 &4) were structurally determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The time-dependent DFT calculations were carried out for the complexes (2, 4 &5) which show good agreement with the experimental absorption data.

  18. 'Click' generated 1,2,3-triazole based organosulfur/selenium ligands and their Pd(ii) and Ru(ii) complexes: their synthesis, structure and catalytic applications.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Satyendra; Saleem, Fariha; Singh, Ajai K

    2016-07-28

    1-(2,6-Diisopropylphenyl)-4-(phenylthio/selenomethyl)-1H-1,2,3-triazole (L1/L2) was synthesized by a 'Click' reaction and treated with [Pd(CH3CN)2Cl2] for 5 h or [(η(6)-C6H6)RuCl(μ-Cl)]2 for 8 h (followed by reaction with NH4PF6) at room temperature, resulting in complexes [Pd(L)Cl2] (1 and 2) or [(η(6)-C6H6)Ru(L)Cl]PF6 (3 and 4) (L = L1 or L2), respectively. The four complexes (1-4) and ligands (L1 and L2) were characterized with (1)H, (13)C{(1)H} and (77)Se{(1)H} NMR spectroscopy and high resolution mass spectrometry. The single crystal structures of 1-4 were solved. The geometry of Pd in 1 and 2 is distorted square planar. The Pd-S and Pd-Se bond distances in 1 and 2 are 2.277(3) and 2.384(6) Å respectively. In 3 and 4, there is a pseudo-octahedral "piano-stool" type disposition of donor atoms around Ru. The Ru-S and Ru-Se bond lengths in 3 and 4 are 2.3728(12) and 2.4741(6) Å respectively. The catalytic activity of complexes 1 and 2 was explored for Suzuki-Miyaura coupling (SMC) in water and the Sonogashira coupling reaction. For various aryl bromides, including deactivated ones, complexes 1 and 2 were found to be efficient catalysts for both couplings. The optimum loading of 1 and 2 required to catalyze both coupling reactions is of the order of 0.001-2 mol% of Pd. For SMC, no additive or phase transfer catalyst was added. For catalysis of the transfer hydrogenation (TH) of aldehydes and ketones, the half-sandwich Ru(ii) complexes 3 and 4 were explored. Their optimum catalytic loading was found to be 0.1-0.4 mol% of Ru. For TH, both the water solvent and the glycerol hydrogen source are environmentally friendly. The catalytic efficiencies of 3 and 4 are comparable with those reported for other catalysts for TH carried out with 2-propanol or glycerol as a H-source. 1, with a sulfur ligand, is more efficient than 2 (Se analog) for both SMC and the Sonogashira coupling. The activities of 3 and 4 for TH are in the order Se > S. PMID:27338234

  19. Bis(alkyl) rare-earth complexes supported by a new tridentate amidinate ligand with a pendant diphenylphosphine oxide group. Synthesis, structures and catalytic activity in isoprene polymerization.

    PubMed

    Tolpygin, Aleksei O; Glukhova, Tatyana A; Cherkasov, Anton V; Fukin, Georgy K; Aleksanyan, Diana V; Cui, Dongmei; Trifonov, Alexander A

    2015-10-01

    A new tridentate amidine 2-[Ph2P(O)]C6H4NHC(tBu)[double bond, length as m-dash]N(2,6-Me2C6H3) (1) bearing a side chain pendant Ph2P[double bond, length as m-dash]O group was synthesized and proved to be a suitable ligand for coordination to rare-earths ions. Bis(alkyl) complexes {2-[Ph2P(O)]C6H4NC(tBu)N(2,6-Me2C6H3)}Ln(CH2SiMe3)2(THF)n (Ln = Y, n = 1 (3), Ln = Er, n = 1 (4), Ln = Lu, n = 0 (5)) were prepared using alkane elimination reactions of and Ln(CH2SiMe3)3(THF)2 (Ln = Y, Er, Lu) in hexane and were isolated in 50, 70 and 75% yields respectively. The X-ray studies revealed that complexes 2-5 feature intramolecular coordination of P[double bond, length as m-dash]O groups to metal ions. The lutetium complex 5 proved to be rather stable: at 20 °C its half-life time is 1155 h, while for the yttrium analogue the half-life time was found to be 63 h. Complexes 3-5 were evaluated as precatalysts for isoprene polymerization. The systems Ln/borate/AliBu3 (Ln = 3-5, borate = [PhNHMe2][B(C6F5)4], [Ph3C][B(C6F5)4]) turned out to be highly efficient in isoprene polymerization and enable complete conversion of 1000-10,000 equivalents of monomer into polymer at 20 °C within 0.5-2.5 h affording polyisoprenes with a very high content of 1,4-cis units (up to 96.6%) and from narrow (1.49) to moderate (3.54) polydispersities. A comparative study of catalytic performance of the related bis(alkyl) yttrium complexes supported by amidinate ligands of different denticities and structures [tBuC(N-2,6iPr2C6H4)2](-), [tBuC(N-2,6-iPr2C6H4)(N-2-MeOC6H4)](-) and {2-[Ph2P(O)]C6H4NC(tBu)N(2,6-Me2C6H3)}(-) demonstrated that the introduction of a pendant donor group (2-MeOC6H4 or Ph2P(O)) into a side chain of amidinate scaffolds results in a significant increase in catalytic activity. The amidinate ligand bearing a Ph2P(O)-group provides a high isoprene polymerization rate along with excellent control over regio- and stereoselectivities and allows us to obtain polyisoprenes with a reasonable

  20. Synthesis, structure, thermostability and luminescence properties of Zn(II) and Cd(II) coordination polymers based on dimethysuccinate and flexible 1,4-bis(imidazol-1-ylmethyl)benzene ligands.

    PubMed

    Liu, Yang; Feng, Yong Lan; Fu, Wei Wei

    2016-09-01

    The design and synthesis of functional coordination polymers is motivated not only by their structural beauty but also by their potential applications. Zn(II) and Cd(II) coordination polymers are promising candidates for producing photoactive materials because these d(10) metal ions not only possess a variety of coordination numbers and geometries, but also exhibit luminescence properties when bound to functional ligands. It is difficult to predict the final structure of such polymers because the assembly process is influenced by many subtle factors. Bis(imidazol-1-yl)-substituted alkane/benzene molecules are good bridging ligands because their flexibility allows them to bend and rotate when they coordinate to metal centres. Two new Zn(II) and Cd(II) coordination polymers based on mixed ligands, namely, poly[[μ2-1,4-bis(imidazol-1-ylmethyl)benzene-κ(2)N(3):N(3')]bis(μ3-2,2-dimethylbutanoato-κ(3)O(1):O(4):O(4'))dizinc(II)], [Zn2(C6H8O4)2(C14H14N4)]n, and poly[[μ2-1,4-bis(imidazol-1-ylmethyl)benzene-κ(2)N(3):N(3')]bis(μ3-2,2-dimethylbutanoato-κ(5)O(1),O(1'):O(4),O(4'):O(4))dicadmium(II)], [Cd2(C6H8O4)2(C14H14N4)]n, have been synthesized under hydrothermal conditions and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis. Both complexes crystallize in the monoclinic space group C2/c with similar unit-cell parameters and feature two-dimensional structures formed by the interconnection of S-shaped Zn(Cd)-2,2-dimethylsuccinate chains with 1,4-bis(imidazol-1-ylmethyl)benzene bridges. However, the Cd(II) and Zn(II) centres have different coordination numbers and the 2,2-dimethylsuccinate ligands display different coordination modes. Both complexes exhibit a blue photoluminescence in the solid state at room temperature. PMID:27585928

  1. Ternary complexes of copper(II) and cobalt(II) involving nitrite/pyrazole and tetradentate N4-coordinate ligand: Synthesis, characterization, structures and antimicrobial activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Solanki, Ankita; Sadhu, Mehul H.; Kumar, Sujit Baran

    2015-12-01

    Five new mononuclear mixed ligand complexes of the type [Cu(NCCH3)(dbdmp)](ClO4)2, [M(ONO)(dbdmp)]ClO4, [M(pz) (dbdmp)](ClO4)2 where M = Cu(II) and Co(II), pz = 3,5-dimethylpyrazole and dbdmp = N,N-diethyl-N‧,N‧-bis((3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)methyl)ethane-1,2-diamine have been synthesized and characterized by physico-chemical and spectroscopy studies. The crystal structures of three copper(II) complexes [Cu(NCCH3)(dbdmp)](ClO4)2, [Cu(ONO)(dbdmp)]ClO4 and [Cu(pz)(dbdmp)](ClO4)2 have been determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction studies. Structural analyses reveal the geometry of [Cu(pz)(dbdmp)](ClO4)2 is distorted square pyramidal and other two copper(II) complexes have distorted trigonal bipyramidal geometry. Molecular composition of cobalt(II) complexes have been determined by mass spectral data. The EPR spectra of copper(II) complexes in frozen acetonitrile solution exhibit axial spectra, characteristic of dx2-y2 ground state. Electrochemical studies of copper(II) complexes using glassy carbon as working electrode in acetonitrile solution show Cu(II)/Cu(I) couple with quasi reversible electron transfer versus Ag/Ag+ reference electrode. Antimicrobial activity of all the synthesized complexes were investigated against two Gram positive and two Gram negative bacterial strains.

  2. Zinc acetylacetonate hydrate adducted with nitrogen donor ligands: Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, and thermal analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brahma, Sanjaya; Shivashankar, S. A.

    2015-12-01

    We report synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, and thermal analysis of zinc acetylacetonate complex adducted by nitrogen donor ligands, such as pyridine, bipyridine, and phenanthroline. The pyridine adducted complex crystallizes to monoclinic crystal structure, whereas other two adducted complexes have orthorhombic structure. Addition of nitrogen donor ligands enhances the thermal property of these complexes as that with parent metal-organic complex. Zinc acetylacetonate adducted with pyridine shows much higher volatility (106 °C), decomposition temperature (202 °C) as that with zinc acetylacetonate (136 °C, 220 °C), and other adducted complexes. All the adducted complexes are thermally stable, highly volatile and are considered to be suitable precursors for metal organic chemical vapor deposition. The formation of these complexes is confirmed by powder X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, mass spectroscopy, and elemental analysis. The complexes are widely used as starting precursor materials for the synthesis of ZnO nanostructures by microwave irradiation assisted coating process.

  3. Synthesis, structure, and acid-base and redox properties of a family of new Ru(II) isomeric complexes containing the trpy and the dinucleating Hbpp ligands.

    PubMed

    Sens, Cristina; Rodríguez, Montserrat; Romero, Isabel; Llobet, Antoni; Parella, Teodor; Benet-Buchholz, Jordi

    2003-12-15

    Three pairs of mononuclear geometrical isomers containing the ligand 3,5-bis(2-pyridyl)pyrazole (Hbpp) of general formula in- and out-[RuII(Hbpp)(trpy)X](n+) (trpy=2,2':6',2' '-terpyridine; X=Cl, n=1, 2a,b; X=H2O, n=2, 3a,b; X=py (pyridine), n=2, 4a,b) have been prepared through two different synthetic routes, isolated, and structurally characterized. The solid state structural characterization was performed by X-ray diffraction analysis of four complexes: 2a-4a and 4b. The structural characterization in solution was performed by means of 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy for complexes 2a,b and 4a,b and coincides with the structures found in the solid state. All complexes were also spectroscopically characterized by UV-vis which also allowed us to carry out spectrophotometric acid-base titrations. Thus, a number of species were spectroscopically characterized with the same oxidation state but with a different degree of protonation. As an example, for 3a three pKa values were obtained: pKa1(RuII)=2.13, pKa2(RuII)=6.88, and pKa3(RuII)=11.09. The redox properties were also studied, giving in all cases a number of electron transfers coupled to proton transfers. The pH dependency of the redox potentials allowed us to calculate the pKa of the complexes in the Ru(III) oxidation state. For complex 3a, these were found to be pKa1(RuIII)=0.01, pKa2(RuIII)=2.78, and pKa3(RuIII)=5.43. The oxidation state Ru(IV) was only reached from the Ru-OH2 type of complexes 3a or 3b. It has also been shown that the RuIV=O species derived from 3a is capable of electrocatalytically oxidizing benzyl alcohol with a second-order rate constant of kcat=17.1 M(-1) s(-1). PMID:14658892

  4. Synthesis, Structure and Spectroscopy Study of a 1D Copper Coordination Polymer Based on a Carboxybenzyl Viologen Ligand and SCN-Anion.

    PubMed

    Qiu, Li-xia; Wan, Fang; Zhu, Bin-bin; Sun, Yan-qiong; You, Yi; Chen, Yi-ping

    2015-05-01

    A zwitterionic viologen derivative ligand, 1,1'-bis(4-carboxybenzyl)-4 4'-bipyridinium dichloride (H2BpybcCl2) as a multifunctional ligand, has been synthesized incorporating a 4,4'-bipyridine core with two carboxylate groups as a. building block, specifically designed for the rational construction of metal-organic frameworks. H2BpybcCl2 ligand is a multifunctional ligand that contains viologen's specific functions and carboxylate coordination groups. The coordination polymers of viologen carboxylate with copper thiocyanate are not reported to date. A novel copper coordination polymer, [Cu(SCN)2 (Bpybc)] (I) was by solution diffusion method and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, XRD, elemental analyses, IR spectroscopy, UV-Vis DRS, TG analysis and liquid-state luminescent properties. Compound I crystallized in the monoclinic system with C2/c space group. Crystal data for complex I is as follow: a=19. 508(4) A, b=9. 474(2) Å, c =16. 963(3) Å, α=90°, β=124. 92(3)°, γ=90°. Two SCN-anions were coordinated to the Cu2+ cation forming a [Cu(SCN)2] unit. Complex I was built up by [Cu(SCN)2] units bridged sequentially by ladder-shaped Bpybc ligands to form one-dimensional zigzag chains running along the [203] direction. The chains were held together by π-π interaction between the pyridine rings and phenyl rings, thus yielding a 3-D extended supramolecular network. The UV-Visible absorption spectra show the absorption bands of π-π* transitions of Bpybc ligands and d-->d transition of Cu2+. The liquid-state luminescent property of compound I was investigated at room temperature. Attractively, the complex exhibits strong blue emission peak at 533 nm (λEx=360 nn) that can be assigned to intraligand transition of Bpybc ligand when it was excited at 360 nm. PMID:26415457

  5. Synthesis, crystal structure, spectral studies, and catechol oxidase activity of trigonal bipyramidal Cu(II) complexes derived from a tetradentate diamide bisbenzimidazole ligand.

    PubMed

    Gupta, M; Mathur, P; Butcher, R J

    2001-02-26

    A new benzimidazole-based diamide ligand-N,N'-bis(glycine-2- benzimidazolyl)hexanediamide (GBHA)-has been synthesized and utilized to prepare Cu(II) complexes of general composition [Cu(GBHA)X]X, where X is an exogenous anionic ligand (X = Cl(-), NO(3)(-), SCN(-)). The X-ray structure of one of the complexes, [Cu(GBHA)Cl]Cl.H(2)O.CH(3)OH, has been obtained. The compound crystallizes in the monoclinic space group C2/c with unit cell dimensions a = 26.464(3) A, b = 10.2210(8) A, c = 20.444(2) A, alpha = 90 degrees, beta = 106.554(7) degrees, gamma = 90 degrees, V= 5300.7(9) A(3), and Z = 8. To the best of our knowledge, the [Cu(GBHA)Cl]Cl.H(2)O.CH(3)OH complex is the first structurally characterized mononuclear trigonal bipyramidal copper(II) bisbenzimidazole diamide complex having coordinated amide carbonyl oxygen. The coordination geometry around the Cu(II) ion is distorted trigonal bipyramidal (tau = 0.59). Two carbonyl oxygen atoms and a chlorine atom form the equatorial plane, while the two benzimidazole imine nitrogen atoms occupy the axial positions. The geometry of the Cu(II) center in the solid state is not preserved in DMSO solution, changing to square pyramidal, as suggested by the low-temperature EPR data g( parallel) > g( perpendicular) > 2.0023. All the complexes display a quasi-reversible redox wave due to the Cu(II)/Cu(I) reduction process. E(1/2) values shift anodically from Cl(-) < NO(3)(-) < SCN(-), indicating that the bound Cl(-) ion stabilizes the Cu(II) ion while the N-bonded SCN(-) ion destabilizes the Cu(II) state in the complex. When calculated against NHE, the redox potentials turn out to be quite positive as compared to other copper(II) benzimidazole bound complexes (Nakao, Y.; Onoda, M.; Sakurai, T.; Nakahara, A.; Kinoshita, L.; Ooi, S. Inorg. Chim. Acta 1988, 151, 55. Addison, A. W.; Hendricks, H. M. J.; Reedijk, J.; Thompson, L. K. Inorg. Chem. 1981, 20 (1), 103. Sivagnanam, U.; Palaniandavar, M. J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans. 1994, 2277

  6. Synthesis, structure, and reactivity of ruthenium carboxylato and 2-oxocarboxylato complexes bearing the bis(3,5-dimethylpyrazol-1-yl)acetato ligand.

    PubMed

    Tampier, Stefan; Müller, Rainer; Thorn, Andrea; Hübner, Eike; Burzlaff, Nicolai

    2008-10-20

    A series of ruthenium(II) acetonitrile, pyridine (py), carbonyl, SO2, and nitrosyl complexes [Ru(bdmpza)(O2CR)(L)(PPh3)] (L = NCMe, py, CO, SO2) and [Ru(bdmpza)(O2CR)(L)(PPh3)]BF4 (L = NO) containing the bis(3,5-dimethylpyrazol-1-yl)acetato (bdmpza) ligand, a N,N,O heteroscorpionate ligand, have been prepared. Starting from ruthenium chlorido, carboxylato, or 2-oxocarboxylato complexes, a variety of acetonitrile complexes [Ru(bdmpza)Cl(NCMe)(PPh3)] (4) and [Ru(bdmpza)(O2CR)(NCMe)(PPh3)] (R = Me (5a), R = Ph (5b)), as well as the pyridine complexes [Ru(bdmpza)Cl(PPh3)(py)] (6) and [Ru(bdmpza)(O2CR)(PPh3)(py)] (R = Me (7a), R = Ph (7b), R = (CO)Me (8a), R = (CO)Et (8b), R = (CO)Ph) (8c)), have been synthesized. Treatment of various carboxylato complexes [Ru(bdmpza)(O2CR)(PPh3)2] (R = Me (2a), Ph (2b)) with CO afforded carbonyl complexes [Ru(bdmpza)(O2CR)(CO)(PPh3)] (9a, 9b). In the same way, the corresponding sulfur dioxide complexes [Ru(bdmpza)(O2CMe)(PPh3)(SO2)] (10a) and [Ru(bdmpza)(O2CPh)(PPh3)(SO2)] (10b) were formed in a reaction of the carboxylato complexes with gaseous SO2. None of the 2-oxocarboxylato complexes [Ru(bdmpza)(O2C(CO)R)(PPh3)2] (R = Me (3a), Et (3b), Ph (3c)) showed any reactivity toward CO or SO2, whereas the nitrosyl complex cations [Ru(bdmpza)(O2CMe)(NO)(PPh3)](+) (11) and [Ru(bdmpza)(O2C(CO)Ph)(NO)(PPh3)](+) (12) were formed in a reaction of the acetato 2a or the benzoylformato complex 3c with an excess of nitric oxide. Similar cationic carboxylato nitrosyl complexes [Ru(bdmpza)(O2CR)(NO)(PPh3)]BF4 (R = Me (13a), R = Ph (13b)) and 2-oxocarboxylato nitrosyl complexes [Ru(bdmpza)(O2C(CO)R)(NO)(PPh3)]BF4 (R = Me (14a), R = Et (14b), R = Ph (14c)) are also accessible via a reaction with NO[BF4]. X-ray crystal structures of the chlorido acetonitrile complex [Ru(bdmpza)Cl(NCMe)(PPh3)] (4), the pyridine complexes [Ru(bdmpza)(O2CMe)(PPh3)(py)] (7a) and [Ru(bdmpza)(O2CC(O)Et)(PPh3)(py)] (8b), the carbonyl complex [Ru(bdmpza)(O2CPh)(CO)(PPh3)] (9b

  7. Synthesis, interactions, molecular structure, biological properties and molecular docking studies on Mn, Co, Zn complexes containing acetylacetone and pyridine ligands with DNA duplex.

    PubMed

    Thamilarasan, V; Sengottuvelan, N; Stalin, N; Srinivasan, P; Chakkaravarthi, G

    2016-07-01

    Three metal complexes (1-3) of the type [Mn(acac)2(py)·H2O] (1), [Co(acac)2(py)·H2O] (2) and [Zn(acac)2(py)·H2O] (3), [Where acac=acetylacetone, py=pyridine] were synthesized and characterized by spectral (UV-vis, FT-IR, ESI-mass) analysis. The structure of complex 2 has been determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction studies and the configuration of ligand-coordinated to metal(II) ion was well described as distorted octahedral coordination geometry. The interaction of the complexes with CT-DNA has been explored by absorption, fluorescence, circular dichromism spectroscopy, viscosity measurements and molecular docking studies. The intrinsic binding constant Kb of complexes 1-3 with CT-DNA obtained from UV-vis absorption spectral studies were 2.1×10(4), 2.1×10(5) and 1.98×10(4)M(-1), respectively, which revealed that the complexes could interact with CT-DNA through groove binding. The results indicated that the complexes (1-3) were able to bind to DNA with different binding affinity, in the order: 2>1>3. The interaction of the compounds with bovine serum albumins were also investigated using fluorescence methods and the gel electrophoresis assay demonstrates weak cleavage ability of the pBR322 plasmid DNA in the presence of the metal complexes (1-3) with various activators. Further, the in vitro cytotoxic effect of the complexes were examined on cancerous cell line, with human breast cancer cells MCF-7. PMID:27104666

  8. SYNTHESIS, CHARACTERIZATION, AND STRUCTURE OF A URANYL COMPLEX WITH A DISULFIDE LIGAND, BIS(DI-n-PROPYLAMMONIUM) DISULFIDOBIS (DI-n-PROPYLMONOTHIOCARBAMATO) DIOXOURANATE(VI)

    SciTech Connect

    Perry, Dale L.; Zalkin, Allan; Ruben, Helena; Templeton, David H.

    1981-05-01

    Olive-green crystals of the title compound, [({underline n}-C{sub 3}H{sub 7}){sub 2}NH{sub 2}{sup +}]{sub 2} [UO(({underline n}-C{sub 3}H{sub 7}){sub 2}NCOS){sub 2}(S{sub 2}){sup -2}, are orthorhombic, space group Pcan, with {underline a}= 15.326(6) {Angstrom}, {underline b} = 17.474(6) {Angstrom}, {underline C} = 14.728(6) {Angstrom}, and Z = 4, (d{sub X} = 1.45 g/cm{sup 3}). For 1833 data, I >{sigma}, R = 0.052, and R{sub w} = 0.069. The structure was revealed by single-crystal x-ray diffraction studies to consist of [(n-C{sub 3}H{sub 7}){sub 2}NH{sub 2}]+ cations and [UO{sub 2}(({underline n|-C{sub 3}H{sub 7}){sub 2}NCOS){sub 2}(S{sub 2}){sup -2} anions with the uranium atom at the center of an irregular hexagonal bipyramid. The uranyl oxygen atoms occupy the axial positions. The equatorial coordination plane contains the disulfide (S{sub 2}{sup -2}) group bonded in a "side-on" fashion, and two oxygen and two sulfur donor atoms from the monothiocarbamate ligands. Interatomic distances are S-S = 2.05(1) {Angstrom}, U-S= 2.714(3) {Angstrom} (disulfide); U-S= 2.871(3) {Angstrom} and U-O = 2.46(1) {Angstrom} (thiocarbamate); U-O = 1.81(1) {Angstrom} (uranyl), The nitrogen atom in the dipropylammonium cation is hydrogen bonded to the uranyl oxgyen atoms,

  9. Synthesis and structure-activity relationship studies in serotonin 5-HT4 receptor ligands based on a benzo[de][2,6]naphthridine scaffold.

    PubMed

    Castriconi, Federica; Paolino, Marco; Giuliani, Germano; Anzini, Maurizio; Campiani, Giuseppe; Mennuni, Laura; Sabatini, Chiara; Lanza, Marco; Caselli, Gianfranco; De Rienzo, Francesca; Menziani, Maria Cristina; Sbraccia, Maria; Molinari, Paola; Costa, Tommaso; Cappelli, Andrea

    2014-07-23

    A small series of serotonin 5-HT4 receptor ligands has been designed from flexible 2-methoxyquinoline compounds 7a,b by applying the conformational constraint approach. Ligands 7a,b and the corresponding conformationally constrained analogues 8a-g were synthesized and their interactions with the 5-HT4 receptor were examined by measuring both binding affinity and the ability to promote or inhibit receptor-G protein coupling. Ester derivative 7a and conformationally constrained compound 8b were demonstrated to be the most interesting compounds showing a nanomolar 5-HT4R affinity similar to that shown by reference ligands cisapride (1) and RS-23,597-190 (4). The result was rationalized by docking studies in term of high similarity in the binding modalities of flexible 7a and conformationally constrained 8b. The intrinsic efficacy of some selected ligands was determined by evaluating the receptor-G protein coupling and the results obtained demonstrated that the nature and the position of substituents play a critical role in the interaction of these ligands with their receptor. PMID:24871995

  10. Open-shell lanthanide(II+) or -(III+) complexes bearing σ-silyl and silylene ligands: synthesis, structure, and bonding analysis.

    PubMed

    Zitz, Rainer; Arp, Henning; Hlina, Johann; Walewska, Małgorzata; Marschner, Christoph; Szilvási, Tibor; Blom, Burgert; Baumgartner, Judith

    2015-04-01

    Complexes featuring lanthanide (Ln)-Si bonds represent a highly neglected research area. Herein, we report a series of open-shell Ln(II+) and Ln(III+) complexes bearing σ-bonded silyl and base-stabilized N-heterocyclic silylene (NHSi) ligands. The reactions of the Ln(III+) complexes Cp3Ln (Ln = Tm, Ho, Tb, Gd; Cp = cyclopentadienide) with the 18-crown-6 (18-cr-6)-stabilized 1,4-oligosilanyl dianion [(18-cr-6)KSi(SiMe3)2SiMe2SiMe2Si(SiMe3)2K(18-cr-6)] (1) selectively afford the corresponding metallacyclopentasilane salts [Cp2Ln({Si(SiMe3)2SiMe2}2)](-)[K2(18-cr-6)2Cp](+) [Ln = Tm (2a), Ho (2b), Tb (2c), Gd (2d)]. Complexes 2a-2d represent the first examples of structurally characterized Tm, Ho, Tb, and Gd complexes featuring Ln-Si bonds. Strikingly, the analogous reaction of 1 with the lighter element analogue Cp3Ce affords the acyclic product [Cp3CeSi(SiMe3)2SiMe2SiMe2Si(SiMe3)2-Cp3Ce](2-)2[K(18-cr-6)](+) (3) as the first example of a complex featuring a Ce-Si bond. In an alternative synthetic approach, the aryloxy-functionalized benzamidinato NHSi ligand Si(OC6H4-2-tBu){(NtBu)2CPh} (4a) and the alkoxy analogue Si(OtBu){(NtBu)2CPh} (4b) were reacted with Cp*2Sm(OEt2), affording, by OEt2 elimination, the corresponding silylene complexes, both featuring Sm(II+) centers: Cp*2Sm ← :Si(O-C6H4-2-tBu){(NtBu)2CPh} (6) and Cp*2Sm ← :Si(OtBu){(NtBu)2CPh} (5). Complexes 5 and 6 are the first four-coordinate silylene complexes of any f-block element to date. All complexes were fully characterized by spectroscopic means and by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. In the series 2a-2d, a linear correlation was observed between the Ln-Si bond lengths and the covalent radii of the corresponding Ln metals. Moreover, in complexes 5 and 6, notably long Sm-Si bonds are observed, in accordance with a donor-acceptor interaction between Si and Sm [5, 3.4396(15) Å; 6, 3.3142(18) Å]. Density functional theory calculations were carried out for complexes 2a-2d, 5, and 6 to

  11. Open-Shell Lanthanide(II+) or -(III+) Complexes Bearing σ-Silyl and Silylene Ligands: Synthesis, Structure, and Bonding Analysis

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    Complexes featuring lanthanide (Ln)–Si bonds represent a highly neglected research area. Herein, we report a series of open-shell LnII+ and LnIII+ complexes bearing σ-bonded silyl and base-stabilized N-heterocyclic silylene (NHSi) ligands. The reactions of the LnIII+ complexes Cp3Ln (Ln = Tm, Ho, Tb, Gd; Cp = cyclopentadienide) with the 18-crown-6 (18-cr-6)-stabilized 1,4-oligosilanyl dianion [(18-cr-6)KSi(SiMe3)2SiMe2SiMe2Si(SiMe3)2K(18-cr-6)] (1) selectively afford the corresponding metallacyclopentasilane salts [Cp2Ln({Si(SiMe3)2SiMe2}2)]−[K2(18-cr-6)2Cp]+ [Ln = Tm (2a), Ho (2b), Tb (2c), Gd (2d)]. Complexes 2a–2d represent the first examples of structurally characterized Tm, Ho, Tb, and Gd complexes featuring Ln–Si bonds. Strikingly, the analogous reaction of 1 with the lighter element analogue Cp3Ce affords the acyclic product [Cp3CeSi(SiMe3)2SiMe2SiMe2Si(SiMe3)2-Cp3Ce]2–2[K(18-cr-6)]+ (3) as the first example of a complex featuring a Ce–Si bond. In an alternative synthetic approach, the aryloxy-functionalized benzamidinato NHSi ligand Si(OC6H4-2-tBu){(NtBu)2CPh} (4a) and the alkoxy analogue Si(OtBu){(NtBu)2CPh} (4b) were reacted with Cp*2Sm(OEt2), affording, by OEt2 elimination, the corresponding silylene complexes, both featuring SmII+ centers: Cp*2Sm ← :Si(O–C6H4-2-tBu){(NtBu)2CPh} (6) and Cp*2Sm ← :Si(OtBu){(NtBu)2CPh} (5). Complexes 5 and 6 are the first four-coordinate silylene complexes of any f-block element to date. All complexes were fully characterized by spectroscopic means and by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. In the series 2a–2d, a linear correlation was observed between the Ln–Si bond lengths and the covalent radii of the corresponding Ln metals. Moreover, in complexes 5 and 6, notably long Sm–Si bonds are observed, in accordance with a donor–acceptor interaction between Si and Sm [5, 3.4396(15) Å; 6, 3.3142(18) Å]. Density functional theory calculations were carried out for complexes 2a–2d, 5, and 6 to

  12. Ligational behavior of thiosemicarbazone, semicarbazone and thiocarbohydrazone ligands towards VO(IV), Ce(III), Th(IV) and UO 2(VI) ions: Synthesis, structural characterization and biological studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shebl, M.; Seleem, H. S.; El-Shetary, B. A.

    2010-01-01

    Mono- and binuclear VO(IV), Ce(III), Th(IV) and UO 2(VI) complexes of thiosemicarbazone, semicarbazone and thiocarbohydrazone ligands derived from 4,6-diacetylresorcinol were synthesized. The structures of these complexes were elucidated by elemental analyses, IR, UV-vis, ESR, 1H NMR and mass spectra as well as conductivity and magnetic susceptibility measurements and thermal analyses. The thiosemicarbazone (H 4L 1) and the semicarbazone (H 4L 2) ligands behave as dibasic pentadentate ligands in case of VO(IV) and UO 2(VI) complexes, tribasic pentadentate in case of Ce(III) complexes and monobasic pentadentate in case of Th(IV) complexes. However, the thiocarbohydrazone ligand (H 3L 3) acts as a monobasic tridentate ligand in all complexes except the VO(IV) complex in which it acts as a dibasic tridentate ligand. The antibacterial and antifungal activities were also tested against Rhizobium bacteria and Fusarium-Oxysporium fungus. The metal complexes of H 4L 1 ligand showed a higher antibacterial effect than the free ligand while the other ligands (H 4L 2 and H 3L 3) showed a higher effect than their metal complexes. The antifungal effect of all metal complexes is lower than the free ligands.

  13. Synthesis, structural and biochemical activity studies of a new hexadentate Schiff base ligand and its Cu(II), Ni(II), and Co(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ekmekcioglu, Pinar; Karabocek, Nevin; Karabocek, Serdar; Emirik, Mustafa

    2015-11-01

    A new Schiff base ligand (H2L) and its metal complexes have been prepared and characterized by elemental analysis, magnetic moment and spectral studies. The comparative in-vitro antimicrobial activities against various pathogens with reference to known antibiotics activity under the standard control of different concentrations revealed that the metal complexes (6-8) showed enhanced antimicrobial activities in general as compared to free ligand. As an exception, the free ligand showed better activity against Trichoderma. The antifungal activity experiments were performed in triplicate. The order of biochemical activity for metal complexes were observed as in the following. CuL > CoL > NiL, which is exactly same as the order of stability constants of these complexes. Additionally, we performed DFT and TD-DFT calculation for free ligand and Cu(II) complex to support the experimental data. The geometries of the Cu(II) complex have been optimized using the B3LYP level of theory. The theoretical calculations confirm that the copper (II) center exhibits a distorted square pyramidal geometry which is favored by experimental results.

  14. Comments on "Synthesis aspects, structural, spectroscopic, antimicrobial and room temperature ferromagnetism of zinc iodide complex with Schiff based ligand" by K. Shakila and S. Kalainathan, Spectrochim. Acta 135 A (2015) 1059-1065.

    PubMed

    Srinivasan, Bikshandarkoil R; Nadkarni, V S

    2016-06-15

    Shakila and Kalainathan report on the synthetic and structural aspects of a zinc iodide complex with Schiff based ligand, which exhibits room temperature ferromagnetism. In this comment, many points of criticism, concerning the characterization of this so called zinc iodide complex of Schiff based ligand are highlighted to prove that the title paper is completely erroneous. PMID:27037763

  15. Comments on "Synthesis aspects, structural, spectroscopic, antimicrobial and room temperature ferromagnetism of zinc iodide complex with Schiff based ligand" by K. Shakila and S. Kalainathan, Spectrochim. Acta 135 A (2015) 1059-1065

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Srinivasan, Bikshandarkoil R.; Nadkarni, V. S.

    2016-06-01

    Shakila and Kalainathan report on the synthetic and structural aspects of a zinc iodide complex with Schiff based ligand, which exhibits room temperature ferromagnetism. In this comment, many points of criticism, concerning the characterization of this so called zinc iodide complex of Schiff based ligand are highlighted to prove that the title paper is completely erroneous.

  16. Synthesis of a labile sulfur-centred ligand, [S(H)C(PPh2S)2](-): structural diversity in lithium(i), zinc(ii) and nickel(ii) complexes.

    PubMed

    Thirumoorthi, Ramalingam; Chivers, Tristram; Häggman, Susanna; Mansikkamäki, Akseli; Morgan, Ian S; Tuononen, Heikki M; Lahtinen, Manu; Konu, Jari

    2016-08-01

    A high-yield synthesis of [Li{S(H)C(PPh2S)2}]2 [Li2·(3)2] was developed and this reagent was used in metathesis with ZnCl2 and NiCl2 to produce homoleptic complexes 4 and 5b in 85 and 93% yields, respectively. The solid-state structure of the octahedral complex [Zn{S(H)C(PPh2S)2}2] (4) reveals notable inequivalence between the Zn-S(C) and Zn-S(P) contacts (2.274(1) Å vs. 2.842(1) and 2.884(1) Å, respectively). Two structural isomers of the homoleptic complex [Ni{S(H)C(PPh2S)2}2] were isolated after prolonged crystallization processes. The octahedral green Ni(ii) isomer 5a exhibits the two monoprotonated ligands bonded in a tridentate (S,S',S'') mode to the Ni(ii) centre with three distinctly different Ni-S bond lengths (2.3487(8), 2.4500(9) and 2.5953(10) Å). By contrast, in the red-brown square-planar complex 5b the two ligands are S,S'-chelated to Ni(ii) (d(Ni-S) = 2.165(2) and 2.195(2) Å) with one pendant PPh2S group. DFT calculations revealed that the energetic difference between singlet and triplet state octahedral and square-planar isomers of the Ni(ii) complex is essentially indistinguishable. Consistently, VT and (31)P CP/MAS NMR spectroscopic investigations indicated that a mixture of isomers exists in solution at room temperature, while the singlet state square-planar isomer 5b becomes favoured at -40 °C. PMID:27453403

  17. Synthesis and Characterization of a New TRIPHOS Ligand Derivative and the Corresponding Pd(II) Complexes

    SciTech Connect

    Miller, Deanna L.; Boro, Brian J.; Grubel, Katarzyna; Helm, Monte L.; Appel, Aaron M.

    2015-12-01

    The synthesis of the new bis(2-(diphenylphosphino)ethyl)methylhydroxyphosphine tridentate phosphine ligand, LCH2OH/Ph, is reported. The ligand reacts with [Pd(Cl)2(PhCN)2 to form [Pd(LCH2OH/Ph)Cl]Cl. Exchange of the chloride ions for triflate (OTf–) using AgOTf yielded pure [Pd(LCH2OH/Ph)OTf]OTf. In addition to spectral characterization the free ligand, LCH2OH/Ph, and Pd(II) complex, [Pd(LCH2OH/Ph)OTf]OTf, are structurally characterized. This research was supported by the US Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Chemical Sciences, Biosciences, and Geosciences. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is a multiprogram national laboratory operated by Battelle for DOE.

  18. Bis(allyl)ruthenium(IV) complexes containing water-soluble phosphane ligands: synthesis, structure, and application as catalysts in the selective hydration of organonitriles into amides.

    PubMed

    Cadierno, Victorio; Díez, Josefina; Francos, Javier; Gimeno, José

    2010-08-23

    The novel mononuclear ruthenium(IV) complexes [RuCl(2)(eta(3):eta(3)-C(10)H(16))(L)] [L=(meta-sulfonatophenyl)diphenylphosphane sodium salt (TPPMS) (2a), 1,3,5-triaza-7-phosphatricyclo[3.3.1.1(3, 7)]decane (PTA) (2b), 1-benzyl-3,5-diaza-1-azonia-7-phosphatricyclo[3.3.1.1(3, 7)]decane chloride (PTA-Bn) (2c), 3,7-diacetyl-1,3,7-triaza-5-phosphabicyclo[3.3.1]nonane (DAPTA) (2d), and 2,4,10-trimethyl-1,2,4,5,7,10-hexaaza-3-phosphatricyclo[3.3.1.1(3, 7)]decane (THPA) (2e)] have been synthesized by treatment of the dimeric precursor [{RuCl(mu-Cl)(eta(3):eta(3)-C(10)H(16))}(2)] (C(10)H(16)=2,7-dimethylocta-2,6-diene-1,8-diyl) (1) with two equivalents of the corresponding water-soluble phosphane. Reaction of 1 with one equivalent of the cage-type diphosphane ligand 2,3,5,6,7,8-hexamethyl-2,3,5,6,7,8-hexaaza-1,4-diphosphabicyclo[2.2.2]octane (THDP) allowed also the high-yield preparation of the dinuclear derivative [{RuCl(2)(eta(3):eta(3)-C(10)H(16))}(2)(mu-THDP)] (2f). All these new complexes have been analytically and spectroscopically (IR and multinuclear NMR) characterized. In addition, the structure of 2b, 2c, 2d, and 2f was unequivocally confirmed by X-ray diffraction methods. Complexes 2a-f are active catalysts for the selective hydration of nitriles to amides in pure aqueous medium under neutral conditions. The wide scope of this catalytic transformation has been evaluated by using the most active catalysts [RuCl(2)(eta(3):eta(3)-C(10)H(16))(THPA)] (2e) and [{RuCl(2)(eta(3):eta(3)-C(10)H(16))}(2)(mu-THDP)] (2f). Advantages of using MW versus conventional thermal heating are also discussed. PMID:20586085

  19. Flexible Cyclic Ethers/Polyethers as Novel P2-Ligands for HIV-1 Protease Inhibitors: Design, Synthesis, Biological Evaluation, and Protein-Ligand X-Ray Studies

    SciTech Connect

    Ghosh, Arun; Gemma, Sandra; Baldridge, Abigal; Wang, Yuan-Fang; Kovalevsky, Andrey; Koh, Yashiro; Weber, Irene; Mitsuya, Hiroaki

    2008-12-05

    We report the design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of a series of novel HIV-1 protease inhibitors. The inhibitors incorporate stereochemically defined flexible cyclic ethers/polyethers as high affinity P2-ligands. Inhibitors containing small ring 1,3-dioxacycloalkanes have shown potent enzyme inhibitory and antiviral activity. Inhibitors 3d and 3h are the most active inhibitors. Inhibitor 3d maintains excellent potency against a variety of multi-PI-resistant clinical strains. Our structure-activity studies indicate that the ring size, stereochemistry, and position of oxygens are important for the observed activity. Optically active synthesis of 1,3-dioxepan-5-ol along with the syntheses of various cyclic ether and polyether ligands have been described. A protein-ligand X-ray crystal structure of 3d-bound HIV-1 protease was determined. The structure revealed that the P2-ligand makes extensive interactions including hydrogen bonding with the protease backbone in the S2-site. In addition, the P2-ligand in 3d forms a unique water-mediated interaction with the NH of Gly-48.

  20. Synthesis and structure-activity relationships of 3,8-diazabicyclo[4.2.0]octane ligands, potent nicotinic acetylcholine receptor agonists.

    PubMed

    Frost, Jennifer M; Bunnelle, William H; Tietje, Karin R; Anderson, David J; Rueter, Lynne E; Curzon, Peter; Surowy, Carol S; Ji, Jianquo; Daanen, Jerome F; Kohlhaas, Kathy L; Buckley, Michael J; Henry, Rodger F; Dyhring, Tino; Ahring, Philip K; Meyer, Michael D

    2006-12-28

    A series of potent neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) ligands based on a 3,8-diazabicyclo[4.2.0]octane core have been synthesized and evaluated for affinity and agonist efficacy at the human high affinity nicotine recognition site (halpha4beta2) and in a rat model of persistent nociceptive pain (formalin model). Numerous analogs in this series exhibit picomolar affinity in radioligand binding assays and nanomolar agonist potency in functional assays, placing them among the most potent nAChR ligands known for the halpha4beta2 receptor. Several of the compounds reported in this study (i.e., 24, 25, 28, 30, 32, and 47) exhibit equivalent or greater affinity for the halpha4beta2 receptor relative to epibatidine, and like epibatidine, many exhibit robust analgesic efficacy in the rat formalin model of persistent pain. PMID:17181167

  1. Synthesis, structural characterization and DFT calculation on a square-planar Ni(II) complex of a compartmental Schiff base ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Biswas, Surajit; Dolai, Malay; Dutta, Arpan; Ali, Mahammad

    2016-12-01

    Reaction of a symmetric compartmental Schiff-base ligand, (H2L) with nickel(II) perchlorate hexahydrate in 1:1 M ratio in methanol gives rise to a mononuclear nickel(II) compound, NiL (1). The compound has been characterized by C, H, N microanalyses and UV-Vis spectra. The single crystal X-ray diffraction studies reveal a square planar geometry around the Ni(II) center. The compound crystallizes in monoclinic system with space group C2/c with a = 21.6425(6), b = 9.9481(3), c = 13.1958(4) Å, β = 107.728(2)°, V = 2706.16(14) Å3 and Z = 4. Ground state DFT optimization and TDDFT calculations on the ligand and complex were performed to get their UV-Vis spectral pattern.

  2. Synthesis, crystal structure, antioxidant activity, and DNA-binding studies of a novel Ni(II) [2x2] grid complex with a rigid bistridentate Schiff base ligand.

    PubMed

    Jia, Lei; Xu, Jun; Xu, Xi-Ming; Chen, Long-Hai; Jiang, Peng; Cheng, Fei-Xiang; Lu, Guang-Nong; Wang, Qin; Wu, Jin-Cai; Tang, Ning

    2010-08-01

    With a bistridentate Schiff-base ligand, N',N'(3)-bis[(1E)-1-(2-pyridinyl)ethylidene)] isophthalohydrazide (H(2)L), a [2x2]G grid complex, [Ni(4)(HL)(4)](ClO(4))(4).4H(2)O.0.5 CH(3)OH (1) has been synthesized and characterized spectroscopically and crystallographically. Spectrometric titrations, ethidium bromide displacement experiments, circular dichroism spectral analysis and viscosity measurements indicate that the compound 1 strongly binds with calf-thymus DNA, presumably via intercalation mechanism. Furthermore, the antioxidant activity (superoxide and hydroxyl radical) of the ligand and its nickel(II) complex is determined by using spectrophotometer methods in vitro. Complex 1 is found to possess potent antioxidant activity and be better than standard antioxidants like mannitol. PMID:20686262

  3. Synthesis and crystal structures of two coordination polymers and a binuclear cadmium(II) complex containing 3- and 4-aminobenzoate ligands.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Dong-Mei; Zhao, Xiao-Lan; Liu, Feng-Yi; Kou, Jun-Feng

    2015-08-01

    Due to their wide range of coordination modes and versatile conformations when binding to metal atoms, multicarboxylate ligands are of interest in the design of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs). Three Cd(II) complexes, namely catena-poly[diammonium [[chloridocadmium(II)]-di-μ-chlorido-[chloridocadmium(II)]-bis(μ-3-aminobenzoato)-κ(3)N:O,O';κ(3)O,O':N

  4. Synthesis of mononuclear copper(II) complexes of acyclic Schiff's base ligands: Spectral, structural, electrochemical, antibacterial, DNA binding and cleavage activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jayamani, Arumugam; Thamilarasan, Vijayan; Sengottuvelan, Nallathambi; Manisankar, Paramasivam; Kang, Sung Kwon; Kim, Young-Inn; Ganesan, Vengatesan

    2014-03-01

    The mononuclear copper(II) complexes (1&2) of ligands L1 [N,N";-bis(2-hydroxy-5-methylbenzyl)-1,4-bis(3-iminopropyl)piperazine] or L2 [N,N";-bis(2-hydroxy-5-bromobenzyl)-1,4-bis(3-iminopropyl) piperazine] have been synthesized and characterised. The single crystal X-ray study had shown that ligands L1 and L2 crystallize in a monoclinic crystal system with P21/c space group. The mononuclear copper(II) complexes show one quasireversible cyclic voltammetric response near cathodic region (-0.77 to -0.85 V) in DMF assignable to the Cu(II)/Cu(I) couple. Binding interaction of the complexes with calf thymus DNA (CT DNA) investigated by absorption studies and fluorescence spectral studies show good binding affinity to CT DNA, which imply both the copper(II) complexes can strongly interact with DNA efficiently. The copper(II) complexes showed efficient oxidative cleavage of plasmid pBR322 DNA in the presence of 3-mercaptopropionic acid as reducing agent through a mechanistic pathway involving formation of singlet oxygen as the reactive species. The Schiff bases and their Cu(II) complexes have been screened for antibacterial activities which indicates that the complexes exhibited higher antimicrobial activity than the free ligands.

  5. Synthesis, structural characterization and thermal properties of a new copper(II) one-dimensional coordination polymer based on bridging N,N'-bis(2-hydroxybenzylidene)-2,2-dimethylpropane-1,3-diamine and dicyanamide ligands.

    PubMed

    Hopa, Cigdem; Cokay, Ismail

    2016-02-01

    The design and synthesis of polymeric coordination compounds of 3d transition metals are of great interest in the search for functional materials. The coordination chemistry of the copper(II) ion is of interest currently due to potential applications in the areas of molecular biology and magnetochemistry. A novel coordination polymer of Cu(II) with bridging N,N'-bis(2-hydroxyphenyl)-2,2-dimethylpropane-1,3-diamine (H2L-DM) and dicyanamide (dca) ligands, catena-poly[[[μ2-2,2-dimethyl-N,N'-bis(2-oxidobenzylidene)propane-1,3-diamine-1:2κ(6)O,N,N',O':O,O']dicopper(II)]-di-μ-dicyanamido-1:2'κ(2)N(1):N(5);2:1'κ(2)N(1):N(5)], [Cu2(C19H20N2O2)(C2N3)2]n, has been synthesized and characterized by CHN elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy, thermal analysis and X-ray single-crystal diffraction analysis. Structural studies show that the Cu(II) centres in the dimeric asymmetric unit adopt distorted square-pyramidal geometries, as confirmed by the Addison parameter (τ) values. The chelating characteristics of the L-DM(2-) ligand results in the formation of a Cu(II) dimer with a double phenolate bridge in the asymmetric unit. In the crystal, the dimeric units are further linked to adjacent dimeric units through μ1,5-dca bridges to produce one-dimensional polymeric chains. PMID:26846501

  6. Radical Monocationic Guanidino-Functionalized Aromatic Compounds (GFAs) as Bridging Ligands in Dinuclear Metal Acetate Complexes: Synthesis, Electronic Structure, and Magnetic Coupling.

    PubMed

    Eberle, Benjamin; Damjanović, Marko; Enders, Markus; Leingang, Simone; Pfisterer, Jessica; Krämer, Christoph; Hübner, Olaf; Kaifer, Elisabeth; Himmel, Hans-Jörg

    2016-02-15

    In this work, the oxidation of several new dinuclear metal (M) acetate complexes of the redox-active guanidino-functionalized aromatic compound (GFA) 1,2,4,5-tetrakis(tetramethylguanidino)benzene (1) was studied. The complexes [1{M(OAc)2}2] (M = Ni or Pd) were oxidized to the radical monocationic complexes [1{M(OAc)2}2](+ •). From CV (cyclic voltammetry) measurements, the Gibbs free enthalpy for disproportionation of [1{M(OAc)2}2](+ •) into [1{M(OAc)2}2] and [1{M(OAc)2}2](2+) could be estimated to be roughly +20 kJ mol(-1) in CH2Cl2 solution. A characteristic feature of the [1{M(OAc)2}2](+ •) complexes is the presence of intense metal-ligand charge-transfer bands in the electronic absorption spectra. The complex [1{Ni(OAc)2}2](+ •) combines three paramagnetic centers with four metal-centered unpaired electrons and a ligand centered π-radical and exhibits a sextet electronic ground state. Spin distribution of the Ni complexes was evaluated by paramagnetic (1)H and (13)C NMR and was correlated with calculations. The strong ferromagnetic metal-ligand magnetic coupling was studied in the solid state by magnetometric (SQUID) measurements and by quantum chemical (DFT) calculations. The temperature dependence of the paramagnetic NMR shift was used for the evaluation of the magnetic coupling between the Ni centers and the π-radical in solution. PMID:26814470

  7. Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization and X-ray structures of five-coordinate diorganotin(IV) complexes containing 5-hydroxypyrazoline derivatives as ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sousa, Gerimário F. de; Garcia, Edgardo; Gatto, Claudia C.; Resck, Inês S.; Deflon, Victor M.; Ardisson, José D.

    2010-09-01

    Four new diorganotin(IV) complexes have been prepared from R 2SnCl 2 (R = Me, Ph) with the ligands 5-hydroxy-3-metyl-5-phenyl-1-( S-benzildithiocarbazate)-pyrazoline (H 2L 1) and 5-hydroxy-3-methyl-5-phenyl-1-(2-thiophenecarboxylic)-pyrazoline (H 2L 2). The complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, IR, 1H, 13C, 119Sn NMR and Mössbauer spectroscopies. The complexes [Me 2SnL 1], [Ph 2SnL 1] and [Me 2SnL 2] were also studied by single crystal X-ray diffraction and the results showed that the Sn(IV) central atom of the complexes adopts a distorted trigonal bipyramidal (TBP) geometry with the N atom of the ONX-tridentate (X = O and S) ligand and two organic groups occupying equatorial sites. The C-Sn-C angles for [Me 2Sn(L 1)] and [Ph 2Sn(L 1)] were calculated using a correlation between 119Sn Mössbauer and X-ray crystallographic data based on the point-charge model. Theoretical calculations were performed with the B3LYP density functional employing 3-21G(*) and DZVP all electron basis sets showing good agreement with experimental findings. General and Sn(IV) specific IR harmonic frequency scale factors for both basis sets were obtained from comparison with selected experimental frequencies.

  8. Sulfur copolymer for the direct synthesis of ligand-free CdS nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Martin, Trevor R; Mazzio, Katherine A; Hillhouse, Hugh W; Luscombe, Christine K

    2015-06-30

    Organic coordinating ligands are ubiquitously used to solubilize, stabilize and functionalize colloidal nanoparticles. Aliphatic organic ligands are typically used to control size during the nanoparticle growth period and are used as a high boiling point solvent for solution-based synthesis procedures. However, these aliphatic ligands are typically not well suited for the end use of the nanoparticles, so additional ligand exchange or ligand stripping procedures must be implemented after the nanoparticle synthesis. Herein we present a ligand-free CdS nanoparticle synthesis procedure using a unique sulfur copolymer. The sulfur copolymer is derived from elemental sulfur, which is a cheap and abundant material. This copolymer is used as a sulfur source and high boiling point solvent, which produces stabilized metal-sulfide nanoparticles that are suspended within a sulfur copolymer matrix. The copolymer can then be removed, thereby yielding ligand-free metal-sulfide nanoparticles. PMID:26077505

  9. Two dodecanuclear heterometallic [Zn6Ln6] clusters constructed by a multidentate salicylamide salen-like ligand: synthesis, structure, luminescence and magnetic properties.

    PubMed

    Song, Xue-Qin; Liu, Pan-Pan; Liu, Yuan-Ang; Zhou, Jing-Jing; Wang, Xiao-Long

    2016-05-10

    The employment of a multidentate salicylamide salen-like ligand, 2-hydroxy-N-(2-(2-hydroxybenzylidene)amino)ethyl)benzamide (H3L), in aid of NO3(-) anions under weak basic conditions in Zn(II)-Ln(III) chemistry (Ln = Eu, and Dy, ) led to the isolation of two novel butterfly heterometallic dodecanuclear clusters with six Ln(III) ions occupying the body position and six Zn(II) ions the outer wing-tip sites. All of them are fully characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR spectroscopy, TG analysis, single-crystal X-ray diffraction, and X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) techniques. Luminescence studies indicate that exhibits dual emission, while exhibits a bright blue emission under visible light excitation. Furthermore, magnetic susceptibility studies carried out for indicate that the magnetic exchange between Dy(III) ions revealed ferromagnetic interactions with interesting slow relaxation of magnetization of the SMM behavior. PMID:27092471

  10. Synthesis, crystal structure, spectral characterization and photoluminescence property of three Cd(II) complexes with a pyrazole based Schiff-base ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mandal, Susmita; Saha, Rajat; Saha, Manan; Pradhan, Rajesh; Butcher, Ray J.; Saha, Nitis Chandra

    2016-04-01

    Substituted pyrazole containing Schiff-base ligand, 5-methyl-3-formylpyrazole-N-(2‧-methylphenoxy)methyleneimine, (MPzOA), afforded three new Cd(II) complexes, [Cd(MPzOA)Cl2]2.CH3OH (I), [Cd(MPzOA)2(H2O)2](ClO4)2 (II) and [Cd(MPzOA)(H2O)(NO3)2] (III). In the reported complex species the coordination number and geometry of Cd(II) vary. In complex I and II, Cd(II) adopts six and in (III) it adopts eight coordination modes, with prismatic, octahedral and distorted dodecahedral geometry, respectively. All the complexes are characterized by IR, 1H NMR, UV-Vis spectral parameters and X-ray analyses. The complexes have 1D, 2D and 3D supramolecular frameworks formed by non-covalent interactions, like hydrogen bonding, π … π stacking, C-H … π interactions.

  11. Synthesis and Reactivity of Palladium(II) Fluoride Complexes Containing Nitrogen-Donor Ligands

    PubMed Central

    Ball, Nicholas D.; Kampf, Jeff W.; Sanford, Melanie S.

    2010-01-01

    This article describes the synthesis, characterization, and reactivity of palladium(II) fluoride complexes containing sp2 and sp3 nitrogen-containing supporting ligands. Both cis and trans complexes of general structure (N)(N’)PdII(R)(F) (R = Ar or CH3) as well as cis-(N)2PdII(F)2 are reported. Crystallographic characterization of these molecules has allowed structural comparisons to related phosphine-ligated species. Furthermore, these studies have revealed that nitrogen-donor ligands support some of the longest and the shortest Pd–F bonds reported to date. The thermal decomposition of (N)(N’)PdII(R)(F) has also been examined, and no products of C–F bond-forming reductive elimination were obtained in any cases. PMID:20024002

  12. Exploring the effect of chain length of bridging ligands in cobalt(II) coordination polymers based on flexible bis(5,6-dimethylbenzimidazole) ligands: Synthesis, crystal structures, fluorescence and catalytic properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qin, Li; Li, Yue-Hua; Ma, Pei-Juan; Cui, Guang-Hua

    2013-11-01

    Two Co(II) coordination polymers derived from a dicarboxylate and two flexible bis(5,6-dimethylbenzimidazole) ligands with varying chain lengths equipped, namely [Co(bdmbmm)(nip)]n (1) and [Co2(bdmbmb)2(nip)2ṡH2O]n (2) (bdmbmm = 1,1'-bis(5,6-dimethylbenzimidazole)methane, H2nip = 5-nitroisophthalic acid, bdmbmb = 1,4-bis(5,6-dimethylbenzimidazole)butane), have been synthesized by hydrothermal methods and characterized by elemental analyses, IR spectra, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Complex 1 forms a 1D looped-like chain consisting of two kinds of macrocycles, which is further arranged into a 2D supramolecular layer through face-to-face π-π stacking interactions; whereas complex 2 exhibits a 3D framework with a twofold interpenetrating diamondoid topology. The fluorescence and catalytic properties of the complexes for the degradation of methyl orange by sodium persulfate have been investigated.

  13. Acetate ligands determine the crystal structure of CdSe nanoplatelets - a density functional theory study.

    PubMed

    Koster, Rik S; Fang, Changming; van Blaaderen, Alfons; Dijkstra, Marjolein; van Huis, Marijn A

    2016-08-10

    Cadmium selenide (CdSe) nanoplatelets of a few atomic layers thick exhibit extremely sharp photoluminescence peaks and are synthesized in the zinc blende crystal structure, whereas the most stable bulk polymorph of CdSe is the wurtzite structure. These platelets can be synthesized very monodispersely in thickness, and are covered with acetate ligands. Here, we show by means of density functional theory (DFT) calculations that these ligands play a pivoting role in the stabilization of 2D nanosheets as a whole, including the deviating crystal structure. The relative stability as a function of slab thickness, strong effects on electronic properties, and implications for synthesis are discussed. PMID:27453036

  14. Synthesis, spectroscopic, thermogravimetric and antimicrobial studies of mixed ligands complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mahmoud, Walaa H.; Mahmoud, Nessma F.; Mohamed, Gehad G.; El-Sonbati, Adel Z.; El-Bindary, Ashraf A.

    2015-09-01

    An interesting series of mixed ligand complexes have been synthesized by the reaction of metal chloride with guaifenesin (GFS) in the presence of 2-aminoacetic acid (HGly) (1:1:1 molar ratio). The elemental analysis, magnetic moments, molar conductance, spectral (UV-Vis, IR, 1H NMR and ESR) and thermal studies were used to characterize the isolated complexes. The molecular structure of GFS is optimized theoretically and the quantum chemical parameters are calculated. The IR showed that the ligand (GFS) acts as monobasic tridentate through the hydroxyl, phenoxy etheric and methoxy oxygen atoms and co-ligand (HGly) as monobasic bidentate through the deprotonated carboxylate oxygen atom and nitrogen atom of amino group. The molar conductivities showed that all the complexes are non-electrolytes except Cr(III) complex is electrolyte. Electronic and magnetic data proposed the octahedral structure for all complexes under investigation. ESR spectrum for Cu(II) revealed data which confirm the proposed structure. Antibacterial screening of the compounds were carried out in vitro on gram positive (Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus), gram negative (Escherichia coli and Neisseria gonorrhoeae) bacteria and for in vitro antifungal activity against Candida albicans organism. However, some complexes showed more chemotherapeutic efficiency than the parent GFS drug. The complexes were also screened for their in vitro anticancer activity against the breast cell line (MFC7) and the results obtained showed that they exhibit a considerable anticancer activity.

  15. Di- and polynuclear silver(I) saccharinate complexes of tertiary diphosphane ligands: synthesis, structures, in vitro DNA binding, and antibacterial and anticancer properties.

    PubMed

    Yilmaz, Veysel T; Gocmen, Elif; Icsel, Ceyda; Cengiz, Murat; Susluer, Sunde Y; Buyukgungor, Orhan

    2014-01-01

    A series of new silver(I) saccharinate (sac) complexes, [Ag2(sac)2(μ-dppm)H2O]·H2O (1), {[Ag2(μ-sac)2(μ-dppe)]·3H2O·CH2Cl2} n (2), [Ag2(μ-sac)2(μ-dppp)] n (3), and [Ag(sac)(μ-dppb)] n (4) [dppm is 1,1-bis(diphenylphosphino)methane, dppe is 1,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)ethane, dppp is 1,3-bis(diphenylphosphino)propane, and dppb is 1,4-bis(diphenylphosphino)butane], have been synthesized and characterized by C, H, N elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR, and (31)P NMR spectroscopy, electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, and thermogravimetry-differential thermal analysis. Single-crystal X-ray studies show that the diphosphanes act as bridging ligands to yield a dinuclear complex (1) and one-dimensional coordination polymers (2 and 4), whereas the sac ligand adopts a μ2-N/O bridging mode in 2, and is N-coordinated in 1 and 4. The interaction of the silver(I) complexes with fish sperm DNA was investigated using UV-vis spectroscopy, fluorescence spectroscopy, and agarose gel electrophoresis. The binding studies indicate that the silver(I) complexes can interact with fish sperm DNA through intercalation, and complexes 1 and 3 have the highest binding affinity. The gel electrophoresis assay further confirms the binding of the complexes with the pBR322 plasmid DNA. The minimum inhibitory concentrations of the complexes indicate that complex 1 exhibits very high antibacterial activity against standard bacterial strains of Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhimurium, and Staphylococcus aureus, being much higher than those of AgNO3, silver sulfadiazine, ciprofloxacin, and gentamicin. Moreover, complexes 1-3 exhibit very high cytotoxic activity against A549 and MCF-7 cancer cell lines, compared with AgNO3 and cisplatin. The bacterial and cell growth inhibitions of the silver(I) complexes are closely related to their DNA binding affinities. PMID:24132752

  16. Ligand centered radical pathway in catechol oxidase activity with a trinuclear zinc-based model: Synthesis, structural characterization and luminescence properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pal, Sukanta; Chowdhury, Biswajit; Patra, Moumita; Maji, Milan; Biswas, Bhaskar

    2015-06-01

    A new trinuclear zinc(II) complex, [Zn3(L)(NCS)2](NO3)2·CH3OH·H2O (1), of a (N,O)-donor compartmental Schiff base ligand (H2L = N,N‧-bis(3-methoxysalicylidene)-1,3-diamino-2-propanol), has been synthesized in crystalline phase. The zinc(II) complex has been characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy, UV-Vis spectroscopy, powder X-ray diffraction study (PXRD), 1H NMR, EI mass spectrometry and thermogravimetric analysis. PXRD revealed that 1 crystallizes in P - 1 space group with a = 9.218 Å, b = 10.849 Å, c = 18.339 Å, with unit cell volume is 2179.713 (Å)3. Fluorescence spectra in methanolic solution reflect that intensity of emission for 1 is much higher compared to H2L and both the compounds exhibit good fluorescence properties. The complex 1 exhibits significant catalytic activities of biological relevance, viz. catechol oxidase. In methanol, it efficiently catalyzes the oxidation of 3,5-di-tert-butylcatechol (3,5-DTBC) to corresponding quinone via formation of a dinuclear species as [Zn2(L)(3,5-DTBC)]. Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) experiment suggests generation of radicals in the presence of 3,5-DTBC and it may be proposed that the radical pathway is probably responsible for conversion of 3,5-DTBC to 3,5-DTBQ promoted by complex of redox-innocent Zn(II) ion.

  17. Dicynamide bridged two new zig-zag 1-D Zn(II) coordination polymers of pyrimidine derived Schiff base ligands: Synthesis, crystal structures and fluorescence studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Konar, Saugata

    2015-07-01

    Two new zigzag 1-D polymeric Zn(II) coordination polymers {[Zn(L1)(μ1,5-dca)](H2O)}n (1), {[Zn(L2)(μ1,5-dca)](ClO4)}n (2) of two potentially tridentate NNO-, NNN-, donor Schiff base ligands [2-(2-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hydrazono)methyl)phenol] (L1), [1-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-2-(dipyridin-2ylmethylene)hydrazine] (L2) have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analyses, IR and 1H NMR, fluorescence spectroscopy and single crystal X-ray crystallography. The dicyanamide ions act as linkers (μ1,5 mode) in the formation of these coordination polymers. Both the complexes 1 and 2 have same distorted square pyramidal geometry around the Zn(II) centres. The weak forces like π⋯π, Csbnd H⋯π, anion⋯π interactions lead to various supramolecular architectures. Complex 1 shows high chelation enhanced fluorescence compared to that of 2. The fluorescence spectral changes observed high selectivity towards Zn(II) over other metal ions such as Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II).

  18. Anion directed structural diversity in zinc complexes with conformationally flexible quinazoline ligand: structural, spectral and theoretical studies.

    PubMed

    Dwivedi, Nidhi; Panja, Sumit Kumar; Monika; Saha, Satyen; Sunkari, Sailaja S

    2016-08-14

    In this paper, we report the synthesis, structure and photophysical studies of four new complexes of conformationally flexible 6-chloro-4-phenyl-2-(pyridin-2-yl)quinazoline ligand (L) with Zn(ii). The coordinating ability of the ligand and geometrical preferences of the resultant complexes are tuned by varying the anion of the metal salt as confirmed by structural and DFT studies. The choice of the metal salt (especially anion) directs the stabilisation of different conformations of the ligand arising out of twisting of the pyridyl ring with respect to the quinazoline ring, resulting in complexes with different nuclearity (monomer/dimer) as well as different coordination geometries (tetrahedral/trigonal bipyramidal/octahedral). Photophysical properties are also found to be tuned due to conformational changes on complexation. DFT studies on the ligand establish the conformationally stable forms as observed in the reported structures. PMID:27397771

  19. Ligand centered radical pathway in catechol oxidase activity with a trinuclear zinc-based model: synthesis, structural characterization and luminescence properties.

    PubMed

    Pal, Sukanta; Chowdhury, Biswajit; Patra, Moumita; Maji, Milan; Biswas, Bhaskar

    2015-06-01

    A new trinuclear zinc(II) complex, [Zn3(L)(NCS)2](NO3)2·CH3OH·H2O (1), of a (N,O)-donor compartmental Schiff base ligand (H2L=N,N'-bis(3-methoxysalicylidene)-1,3-diamino-2-propanol), has been synthesized in crystalline phase. The zinc(II) complex has been characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy, UV-Vis spectroscopy, powder X-ray diffraction study (PXRD), (1)H NMR, EI mass spectrometry and thermogravimetric analysis. PXRD revealed that 1 crystallizes in P-1 space group with a=9.218 Å, b=10.849 Å, c=18.339 Å, with unit cell volume is 2179.713(Å)(3). Fluorescence spectra in methanolic solution reflect that intensity of emission for 1 is much higher compared to H2L and both the compounds exhibit good fluorescence properties. The complex 1 exhibits significant catalytic activities of biological relevance, viz. catechol oxidase. In methanol, it efficiently catalyzes the oxidation of 3,5-di-tert-butylcatechol (3,5-DTBC) to corresponding quinone via formation of a dinuclear species as [Zn2(L)(3,5-DTBC)]. Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) experiment suggests generation of radicals in the presence of 3,5-DTBC and it may be proposed that the radical pathway is probably responsible for conversion of 3,5-DTBC to 3,5-DTBQ promoted by complex of redox-innocent Zn(II) ion. PMID:25754390

  20. Air oxygenation chemistry of 4-TBC catalyzed by chloro bridged dinuclear copper(II) complexes of pyrazole based tridentate ligands: synthesis, structure, magnetic and computational studies.

    PubMed

    Banerjee, Ishita; Samanta, Pabitra Narayan; Das, Kalyan Kumar; Ababei, Rodica; Kalisz, Marguerite; Girard, Adrien; Mathonière, Corine; Nethaji, M; Clérac, Rodolphe; Ali, Mahammad

    2013-02-01

    Four dinuclear bis(μ-Cl) bridged copper(II) complexes, [Cu(2)(μ-Cl)(2)(L(X))(2)](ClO(4))(2) (L(X) = N,N-bis[(3,5-dimethylpyrazole-1-yl)-methyl]benzylamine with X = H(1), OMe(2), Me(3) and Cl(4)), have been synthesized and characterized by the single crystal X-ray diffraction method. In these complexes, each copper(II) center is penta-coordinated with square-pyramidal geometry. In addition to the tridentate L(X) ligand, a chloride ion occupies the last position of the square plane. This chloride ion is also bonded to the neighboring Cu(II) site in its axial position forming an SP-I dinuclear Cu(II) unit that exhibits small intramolecular ferromagnetic interactions and supported by DFT calculations. The complexes 1-3 exhibit methylmonooxygenase (pMMO) behaviour and oxidise 4-tert-butylcatechol (4-TBCH(2)) with molecular oxygen in MeOH or MeCN to 4-tert-butyl-benzoquinone (4-TBQ), 5-methoxy-4-tert-butyl-benzoquinone (5-MeO-4-TBQ) as the major products along with 6,6'-Bu(t)-biphenyl-3,4,3',4'-tetraol and others as minor products. These are further confirmed by ESI- and FAB-mass analyses. A tentative catalytic cycle has been framed based on the mass spectral analysis of the products and DFT calculations on individual intermediates that are energetically feasible. PMID:23172025

  1. Highly Potent HIV-1 Protease Inhibitors with Novel Tricyclic P2 Ligands: Design, Synthesis, and Protein-Ligand X-ray Studies

    SciTech Connect

    Ghosh, Arun K.; Parham, Garth L.; Martyr, Cuthbert D.; Nyalapatla, Prasanth R.; Osswald, Heather L.; Agniswamy, Johnson; Wang, Yuan-Fang; Amano, Masayuki; Weber, Irene T.; Mitsuya, Hiroaki

    2013-10-08

    The design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of a series of HIV-1 protease inhibitors incorporating stereochemically defined fused tricyclic P2 ligands are described. Various substituent effects were investigated to maximize the ligand-binding site interactions in the protease active site. Inhibitors 16a and 16f showed excellent enzyme inhibitory and antiviral activity, although the incorporation of sulfone functionality resulted in a decrease in potency. Both inhibitors 16a and 16f maintained activity against a panel of multidrug resistant HIV-1 variants. A high-resolution X-ray crystal structure of 16a-bound HIV-1 protease revealed important molecular insights into the ligand-binding site interactions, which may account for the inhibitor’s potent antiviral activity and excellent resistance profiles.

  2. Synthesis and Reactivity of a Bio-inspired Dithiolene Ligand and its Mo Oxo Complex.

    PubMed

    Porcher, Jean-Philippe; Fogeron, Thibault; Gomez-Mingot, Maria; Chamoreau, Lise-Marie; Li, Yun; Fontecave, Marc

    2016-03-18

    An original synthesis of the fused pyranoquinoxaline dithiolene ligand qpdt(2-) is discussed in detail. The most intriguing step is the introduction of the dithiolene moiety by Pd-catalyzed carbon-sulfur coupling. The corresponding Mo(IV) O complex (Bu4 N)2 [MoO(qpdt)2 ] (2) underwent reversible protonation in a strongly acidic medium and remained stable under anaerobic conditions. Besides, 2 was found to be very sensitive towards oxygen, as upon oxidation it formed a planar dithiin derivative. Moreover, the qpdt(2-) ligand in the presence of [MoCl4 (tBuNC)2 ] formed a tetracyclic structure. The products resulting from the unique reactivity of qpdt(2-) were characterized by X-ray diffraction, mass spectrometry, NMR spectroscopy, UV/Vis spectroscopy, and electrochemistry. Plausible mechanisms for the formation of these products are also proposed. PMID:26880579

  3. Trivalent nickel. The quinone oximate family: synthesis and redox regulation of isomerism and ligand redistribution

    SciTech Connect

    Ray, D.; Chakravorty, A.

    1988-09-21

    The synthesis of the tris chelates Ni/sup III/(RQ)/sub 3/ by electrooxidation of Ni/sup II/(RQ)/sub 3/- (HRQ = quinone monoximes) is reported. These complexes have afforded a unique opportunity for voltammetric and spectroscopic examination of geometric isomerism and isomer preferences of the two oxidation states of nickel in a N/sub 2/O/sub 3/ environment. A redox-driven ligand redistribution reaction that furnishes Ni(RQ)/sub 3/ following electrooxidation of Ni/sup II/(RQ)/sub 3/(N,N) to Ni/sup III/(RQ)/sub 2/(N,N)/sup +/, where N,N represents amine coordination is reported. The effects of geometric structure, substituents, and ligands on the Ni(III)-Ni(II) reduction potential in Ni(RQ)/sub 3/ and Ni(RQ)/sub 2/(N,N)/sup +/ are noted. 29 references, 5 figures, 4 tables.

  4. A new dioxime ligand and its trinuclear copper(II) complex: Synthesis, characterization and optical properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Karipcin, Fatma; Dede, Bülent; Caglar, Yasemin; Hür, Deniz; Ilican, Saliha; Caglar, Mujdat; Şahin, Yücel

    2007-04-01

    The synthesis and characterization of a new dioxime ligand, (H2L), (III) and its trinuclear copper(II) complex, [Cu3L2(H2O)2](ClO4)2, (V) is described. IR spectra show that the ligand acts in a tetradentate manner and coordinates N4 donor groups of H2L to copper(II) ion. The structure of the metal chelate is clarified with the help of elemental analysis, magnetic moment, conductometric and spectroscopic measurements. The optical absorption studies reveal that the transition is direct with band gap energy values are calculated. The optical constants such as refractive index and dielectric constant of the compound were determined. The refractive index dispersion curves of the films obey the single-oscillator model and oscillator parameters. Optical dispersion parameters E0 and Ed developed by Wemple-DiDomenico were calculated.

  5. Synthesis, spectral, optical properties and theoretical calculations on schiff bases ligands containing o-tolidine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arroudj, S.; Bouchouit, M.; Bouchouit, K.; Bouraiou, A.; Messaadia, L.; Kulyk, B.; Figa, V.; Bouacida, S.; Sofiani, Z.; Taboukhat, S.

    2016-06-01

    This paper explores the synthesis, structure characterization and optical properties of two new schiff bases. These compounds were obtained by condensation of o-tolidine with salicylaldehyde and cinnamaldehyde. The obtained ligands were characterized by UV, 1H and NMR. Their third-order NLO properties were measured using the third harmonic generation technique on thin films at 1064 nm. The electric dipole moment (μ), the polarizability (α) and the first hyperpolarizability (β) were calculated using the density functional B3LYP method with the lanl2dz basis set. For the results, the title compound shows nonzero β value revealing second order NLO behaviour.

  6. Synthesis and characterization of mixed ligand chiral nanoclusters.

    PubMed

    Guven, Zekiye P; Ustbas, Burcin; Harkness, Kellen M; Coskun, Hikmet; Joshi, Chakra P; Besong, Tabot M D; Stellacci, Francesco; Bakr, Osman M; Akbulut, Ozge

    2016-07-28

    Chiral mixed ligand silver nanoclusters were synthesized in the presence of a chiral and an achiral ligand. While the chiral ligand led mostly to the formation of nanoparticles, the presence of the achiral ligand drastically increased the yield of nanoclusters with enhanced chiral properties. PMID:27362744

  7. Some metal complexes of three new potentially heptadentate (N4O3) tripodal Schiff base ligands; synthesis, characterizatin and X-ray crystal structure of a novel eight coordinate Gd(III) complex

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Golbedaghi, Reza; Moradi, Somaeyh; Salehzadeh, Sadegh; Blackman, Allan G.

    2016-03-01

    The symmetrical and asymmetrical potentially heptadentate (N4O3) tripodal Schiff base ligands (H3L1-H3L3) were synthesized from the condensation reaction of three tripodal tetraamine ligands tpt (trpn), tris (3-aminopropyl) amine; ppe (abap), (2-aminoethyl)bis(3-aminopropyl)amine, and tren, tris(2-aminoethyl)amine, with 5-methoxysalicylaldehyde. Then, the reaction of Ln(III) (Ln = Gd, La and Sm), Al(III), and Fe(III) metal ions with the above ligands was investigated. The resulting compounds were characterized by IR, mass spectrometry and elemental analysis in all cases and NMR spectroscopy in the case of the Schiff base ligands. The X-ray crystal structure of the Gd complex of H3L3 ligand showed that in addition to all donor atoms of the ligand one molecule of H2O is also coordinated to the metal ion and a neutral eight-coordinate complex is formed.

  8. Riboswitch Structure: an Internal Residue Mimicking the Purine Ligand

    SciTech Connect

    Delfosse, V.; Bouchard, P; Bonneau, E; Dagenais, P; Lemay, J; Lafontaine, D; Legault, P

    2009-01-01

    The adenine and guanine riboswitches regulate gene expression in response to their purine ligand. X-ray structures of the aptamer moiety of these riboswitches are characterized by a compact fold in which the ligand forms a Watson-Crick base pair with residue 65. Phylogenetic analyses revealed a strict restriction at position 39 of the aptamer that prevents the G39-C65 and A39-U65 combinations, and mutational studies indicate that aptamers with these sequence combinations are impaired for ligand binding. In order to investigate the rationale for sequence conservation at residue 39, structural characterization of the U65C mutant from Bacillus subtilis pbuE adenine riboswitch aptamer was undertaken. NMR spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography studies demonstrate that the U65C mutant adopts a compact ligand-free structure, in which G39 occupies the ligand-binding site of purine riboswitch aptamers. These studies present a remarkable example of a mutant RNA aptamer that adopts a native-like fold by means of ligand mimicking and explain why this mutant is impaired for ligand binding. Furthermore, this work provides a specific insight into how the natural sequence has evolved through selection of nucleotide identities that contribute to formation of the ligand-bound state, but ensures that the ligand-free state remains in an active conformation.

  9. Riboswitch structure: an internal residue mimicking the purine ligand

    PubMed Central

    Delfosse, Vanessa; Bouchard, Patricia; Bonneau, Eric; Dagenais, Pierre; Lemay, Jean-François; Lafontaine, Daniel A.; Legault, Pascale

    2010-01-01

    The adenine and guanine riboswitches regulate gene expression in response to their purine ligand. X-ray structures of the aptamer moiety of these riboswitches are characterized by a compact fold in which the ligand forms a Watson–Crick base pair with residue 65. Phylogenetic analyses revealed a strict restriction at position 39 of the aptamer that prevents the G39–C65 and A39–U65 combinations, and mutational studies indicate that aptamers with these sequence combinations are impaired for ligand binding. In order to investigate the rationale for sequence conservation at residue 39, structural characterization of the U65C mutant from Bacillus subtilis pbuE adenine riboswitch aptamer was undertaken. NMR spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography studies demonstrate that the U65C mutant adopts a compact ligand-free structure, in which G39 occupies the ligand-binding site of purine riboswitch aptamers. These studies present a remarkable example of a mutant RNA aptamer that adopts a native-like fold by means of ligand mimicking and explain why this mutant is impaired for ligand binding. Furthermore, this work provides a specific insight into how the natural sequence has evolved through selection of nucleotide identities that contribute to formation of the ligand-bound state, but ensures that the ligand-free state remains in an active conformation. PMID:20022916

  10. New variant of highly symmetric layered perovskite with coordinated NO3(-) ligand: hydrothermal synthesis, structure, and characterization of Cs2PbCl2(NO3)2.

    PubMed

    Kim, Min Kyung; Jo, Vinna; Ok, Kang Min

    2009-08-01

    A new highly symmetric layered lead chloride material, Cs(2)PbCl(2)(NO(3))(2) has been synthesized by a hydrothermal reaction method using Pb(NO(3))(2), CsCl, and water at 240 degrees C. The structure has been determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Cs(2)PbCl(2)(NO(3))(2) has a novel two-dimensional layered structure containing PbO(4)Cl(4) polyhedra and NO(3) trigonal planes. Cs(2)PbCl(2)(NO(3))(2) is a novel variant on the layered perovskite theme, of which the structure is closely related to the n = 1 layered perovskite families. Detailed structural analysis, Infrared and UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectra, thermogravimetric analysis, and ion-exchange reactions of Cs(2)PbCl(2)(NO(3))(2) are reported. Crystal data: Cs(2)PbCl(2)(NO(3))(2), tetragonal, space group I4(1)/amd (No. 141), a = b = 5.6905(6) A, c = 32.946(5) A, V = 1066.9(2) A(3), and Z = 4. PMID:19588958

  11. Metal complexes of ONO donor Schiff base ligand as a new class of bioactive compounds; Synthesis, characterization and biological evolution

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kumar Naik, K. H.; Selvaraj, S.; Naik, Nagaraja

    2014-10-01

    Present work reviews that, the synthesis of (E)-N";-((7-hydroxy-4-methyl-2-oxo-2H-chromen-8-yl)methylene)benzohydrazide [L] ligand and their metal complexes. The colored complexes were prepared of type [M2+L]X2, where M2+ = Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Sr and Cd, L = (7-hydroxy-4-methyl-2-oxo-2H-chromen-8-yl)methylene)benzohydrazide, X = Cl-. Ligand derived from the condensation of 8-formyl-7-hydroxy-4-methylcoumarin and benzohydrazide in the molar ratio 1:1 and in the molar ratio 1:2 for metal complexes have been prepared. The chelation of the ligand to metal ions occurs through the both oxygen groups, as well as the nitrogen atoms of the azomethine group of the ligand. Reactions of the Schiff base ligand with Manganese(II), Cobalt(II), Nickel(II), Copper(II), Strontium(II), and Cadmium(II) afforded the corresponding metal complexes. The structures of the obtained ligand and their respective metal complexes were elucidated by infra-red, elemental analysis, Double beam UV-visible spectra, conductometric measurements, magnetic susceptibility measurements and also thermochemical studies. The metal complex exhibits octahedral coordination geometrical arrangement. Schiff base ligand and their metal complexes were tested against antioxidants, antidiabetic and antimicrobial activities have been studied. The Schiff base metal complexes emerges effective α-glucosidase inhibitory activity than free Schiff base ligand.

  12. Ligand-controlled Co-reduction versus electroless Co-deposition: synthesis of nanodendrites with spatially defined bimetallic distributions.

    PubMed

    Ortiz, Nancy; Weiner, Rebecca G; Skrabalak, Sara E

    2014-12-23

    The predictable synthesis of bimetallic nanostructures via co-reduction of two metal precursors is challenging due to our limited understanding of precursor ligand effects. Here, the influence of different metal-ligand environments is systematically examined in the synthesis of Pd-Pt nanostructures as a model bimetallic system. Nanodendrites with different spatially defined Pd-Pt compositions are achieved, where the local ligand environments of metal precursors dictate if temporally separated co-reduction dominates to achieve core-shell nanostructures or whether electroless co-deposition proceeds to facilitate alloyed nanostructure formation. As the properties of bimetallic nanomaterials depend on crystal ordering and composition, chemical routes to structurally defined bimetallic nanomaterials are critically needed. The approaches reported here should be applicable to other bimetallic compositions given the established reactivity of coordination complexes available for use as precursors. PMID:25490676

  13. Synthesis of Ligand-free CdS Nanoparticles within a Sulfur Copolymer Matrix.

    PubMed

    Martin, Trevor R; Mazzio, Katherine A; Hillhouse, Hugh W; Luscombe, Christine K

    2016-01-01

    Aliphatic ligands are typically used during the synthesis of nanoparticles to help mediate their growth in addition to operating as high-temperature solvents. These coordinating ligands help solubilize and stabilize the nanoparticles while in solution, and can influence the resulting size and reactivity of the nanoparticles during their formation. Despite the ubiquity of using ligands during synthesis, the presence of aliphatic ligands on the nanoparticle surface can result in a number of problems during the end use of the nanoparticles, necessitating further ligand stripping or ligand exchange procedures. We have developed a way to synthesize cadmium sulfide (CdS) nanoparticles using a unique sulfur copolymer. This sulfur copolymer is primarily composed of elemental sulfur, which is a cheap and abundant material. The sulfur copolymer has the advantages of operating both as a high temperature solvent and as a sulfur source, which can react with a cadmium precursor during nanoparticle synthesis, resulting in the generation of ligand free CdS. During the reaction, only some of the copolymer is consumed to produce CdS, while the rest remains in the polymeric state, thereby producing a nanocomposite material. Once the reaction is finished, the copolymer stabilizes the nanoparticles within a solid polymeric matrix. The copolymer can then be removed before the nanoparticles are used, which produces nanoparticles that do not have organic coordinating ligands. This nascent synthesis technique presents a method to produce metal-sulfide nanoparticles for a wide variety of applications where the presence of organic ligands is not desired. PMID:27167155

  14. Synthesis, structure, terahertz spectroscopy and luminescent properties of copper (I) complexes with bis(diphenylphosphino)methane and N-donor ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fan, Wei-Wei; Li, Zhong-Feng; Li, Jiao-Bao; Yang, Yu-Ping; Yuan, Yuan; Tang, Han-Qin; Gao, Ling-Xiao; Jin, Qiong-Hua; Zhang, Zhen-Wei; Zhang, Cun-Lin

    2015-11-01

    The reactions of copper(I) salts CuX [X = Cl, OTf (OTf = CF3SO3) and ClO4] and bis(diphenylphosphino)methane (dppm) with 4,4-bipyridine (4,4-bipy), 2,2-bipyridine (2,2-bipy), isoquinoline (i-C9H7N) and 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) lead to five new copper(I) complexes: [CuCl(dppm)(i-C9H7N)]2 (1), {[CuCl(dppm)(phen)]2•5H2O}n (2), [Cu2Cl2(dppm)2(4,4-bipy)]•4CH3CN (3), [Cu(dppm)(2,2-bipy)]2(OTf)2 (4), {[Cu2Cl(dppm)2(4,4-bipy)](ClO4)}n (5). Complexes 1, 3 and 4 are of dinuclear structure with eight-membered Cu2P4C2 rings. The structure of compound 2 can be simplified as three-dimensional topology. Complex 5 is of infinite chain structure linked by 4,4-bipy. All these complexes are characterized by IR, elemental analyses, single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis, luminescence, NMR and terahertz time-domain spectroscopy.

  15. Copper(II) coordination chain complexes with the 3,5-diacetyl-4-methylpyrazole dioxime ligand: Synthesis, crystal structures and magnetic properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Outirite, Moha; Mernari, Bouchaib; Bentiss, Fouad; Capet, Frederic; Lagrenée, Michel

    2011-03-01

    3,5-Diacetyl-4-methylpyrazole dioxime (dampdoH 3) has been found to form with copper(II), in the presence of different anions (perchlorate, nitrate, triflate and tetrafluoroborate), four new dimeric complexes, [Cu 2(dampdoH 2) 2(ClO 4) 2] ( 1); [Cu 2(dampdoH 2) 2(H 2O) 2]2NO 3 ( 2); [Cu 2(dampdoH 2) 2(CF 3SO 3) 2] ( 3) and [Cu 2(dampdoH 2) 2(BF 4) 2] ( 4). The molecular structure of [Cu 2(dampdoH 3) 2] 2+ which is the common unit for the four complexes is composed of binuclear species where one of the oxime functions has the classical structure while the second function has a zwitterionic structure. For the four complexes these binuclear units are parallel and are bound together by a strong intermolecular bond to create an infinite 1D chain expanding along the crystallographic " a" axis. Variable-temperature magnetic susceptibility measurements for complex 1 indicate a very strong antiferromagnetic exchange coupling intra or/and interdimeric ring, the J1 value of the intradimer coupling being strongest than the interbinuclear coupling J2 ( J1 = -346 cm -1, J2 = -119.15 cm -1).

  16. A new Salen-type azo-azomethine ligand and its Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes: Synthesis, spectral characterization, crystal structure and photoluminescence studies.

    PubMed

    Ozkan, Gozde; Kose, Muhammet; Zengin, Huseyin; McKee, Vickie; Kurtoglu, Mukerrem

    2015-11-01

    A novel Salen-type azo-azomethine ligand H2agen, 2,2'-{ethane-1,2-diylbis[nitrilomethylylidene]}bis{4-[ethylphenyldiazenyl]phenol}, formed by the 1:2M condensation of ethane-1,2-diamine with 5-[(4-ethylphenyl)diazenyl]-2-hydroxybenzaldehyde and its nickel(II), copper(II), and zinc(II) complexes were synthesized and characterized by the spectroscopic and analytical methods. The UV-vis spectra of the ligand were investigated in three organic solvents (DMSO, DMF and CHCl3). The ligand shows two absorption bands assigned to π-π(∗) and n-π(∗) transitions in the solvents used. Cu(II), and Ni(II) are tetra-coordinate binding to two phenolic oxygens and two imine nitrogens in approximate square planar geometry. Zn(II) also coordinates using the same sites like other metals but gave tetragonal configuration. Molecular structure of the Cu(II) complex [Cu(agen)] was determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction study. The X-ray data revealed that crystallographic imposed symmetry was absent for the complex molecule. In the structure, the Cu(II) ion is coordinated to two phenolate oxygen atoms and two imine nitrogen atoms of the azo-azomethine ligand with approximate square planar geometry. The ligand H2agen and its metal complexes exhibit strong blue emissions with irradiation. Fluorescence quantum yields and excited-state lifetimes for the ligand and its complexes were obtained. The H2agen ligand had a 35% quantum yield and a 3.27 ns excited-state lifetime. Complexation with metal ions caused reductions in intensities and quantum yields. PMID:26123514

  17. Synthesis, structure, and luminescence property of a series of Ag-Ln coordination polymers with the N-heterocyclic carboxylato ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jin, Jing; Chen, Chong; Gao, Yan; Zhao, Ran; Wang, Xiuyan; Lü, Chunxin; Chi, Yuxian; Niu, Shuyun

    2016-03-01

    Six Ln-Ag coordination polymers {[LnAg2(IN)4(H2O)5]·NO3·2H2O}n (Ln=Ho (1) and Tb (2), HIN=isonicotinic acid), {[PrAg2(IN)4(H2O)2]·NO3·H2O}n (3), [LnAg(pdc)2]n (Ln=Eu(4) and Pr (5), H2pdc=3,4-pyridine-dicarboxylic acid) and [NdAg(bidc)2(H2O)4]n (6) (H2bidc=benzimidazole-5,6-dicarboxylic acid) have been hydrothermally synthesized and characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction, elemental analysis, IR, UV-vis-NIR absorption spectra, fluorescence spectra and thermogravimetric analysis. Structural analyses reveal that the six polymers exhibit 0D (polymer (1)), 1D (polymer (2)), 2D (polymers (3) and (5)) and 3D (polymers (4) and (6)) infinite structures, respectively. Polymers (1)-(6) exhibit the Ln(III) characteristic emission in the near-infrared (NIR) region or in the visible region. Especially, the NIR emission bands of polymers 1, 5 and 6 evidently present shift or splitting due to formation of the Ln-Ag coordination polymers. This can be attributed to the tune of inner levels in Ln-Ag system caused by the interact and influence between the 4d orbital of the Ag(I) ion and the 4f orbital of the Ln(III) ion, which can be confirmed by the UV-vis-NIR absorption spectra of the polymers. In addition, the distortion of coordination geometry as well as difference of the coordination number around the Ag(I) ion affect the structure framework.

  18. The synthesis, X-ray and DFT structures of the free ansa-cyclopentadiene ligand C 5H 5CMe 2CMe 2C 5H 5

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tacke, Matthias; Dunne, John Patrick; Fox, Shona; Linti, Gerald; Teuber, Roland

    2001-08-01

    The title compound 2,3-dicyclopentadiene-2,3-dimethylbutane (C 5H 5CMe 2CMe 2C 5H 5) 1 shows the typical staggered conformation of a highly substituted ethane derivative with the two largest substituents (C 5H 5) adopting a trans position. The molecule shows C 2 symmetry about the central C-C bond. Due to the high substitution, the central bond of the ethane is elongated to 160.0 pm (X-ray structure analysis) while the DFT calculation finds a value of 159.2 pm.

  19. Synthesis, structures and properties of Cu(II) and Mn(II) complexes with 1,10-phenanthroline-2-carboxylic acid and 2,2'-bipyridine ligands.

    PubMed

    Sun, Jingya; Xu, Huanzhi

    2010-11-01

    Four new 2,2'-bipyridine and 1,10-phenanthroline complexes, namely [Mn(phenca)(2)]·(H(2)O)(2) (1), [Cu(4)(phen)(4)(OH-)(4)(H(2)O)(2)](DMF)(4)(ClO(4)-)(4)(H(2)O) (2), [Cu(2)(2,2-bipy)(2)(C(2)O(4)2-)(H(2)O)(2)(NO(3))(2)] (3) and [Cu(2,2-bipy)(2)(ClO(4)-)](ClO(4)-) (4) (2,2'-bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine, Hphenca = 1,10-phenanthroline-2-carboxylic acid) have been synthesized by a hydrothermal reaction. The products were characterized by elemental analysis, infrared spectroscopy and X-ray crystal diffraction. While strong hydrogen bonds play central roles in the formation of the 3D structure, the combined influence of the weak interactions such as π···π interactions is also evident in the structures. A preliminary investigation on the ion exchange properties of the complexes is presented. PMID:21079570

  20. A series of transition metal-azido extended complexes with various anionic and neutral co-ligands: synthesis, structure and their distinct magnetic behavior.

    PubMed

    Sengupta, Oindrila; Gole, Bappaditya; Mukherjee, Sandip; Mukherjee, Partha Sarathi

    2010-08-28

    The crystal structures and magnetic properties of five new transition metal-azido complexes with two anionic [pyrazine-2-carboxylate (pyzc) and p-aminobenzoate (paba)] and two neutral [pyrazine (pyz) and pyridine (py)] coligands are reported. All five complexes were synthesized by solvothermal methods. The complex [Co2(pyzc)2(N3)2(H2O)2]n (1) is 1D and exhibit canted antiferromagnetism, while the 3D complex [MnNa(pyzc)(N3)2(H2O)2]n (2) has a complicated structure and is weakly ferromagnetic in nature. [Mn2(paba)2(N3)2(H2O)2]n (3), is a 2D sheet and the MnII ions are found to be antiferromagnetically coupled. The isostructural 2D complexes [Cu3(pyz)2(N3)6]n (4) and [Cu3(py)2(N3)6]n (5) resemble remarkably in their magnetic properties exhibiting moderately strong ferromagnetism. Density functional theory calculations (B3LYP functional) have been performed to provide a qualitative theoretical interpretation of the overall magnetic behavior shown by these complexes. PMID:20623057

  1. Synthesis, characterization, X-ray crystal structure, DFT calculation, DNA binding, and antimicrobial assays of two new mixed-ligand copper(II) complexes.

    PubMed

    Ebrahimipour, S Yousef; Sheikhshoaie, Iran; Mohamadi, Maryam; Suarez, Sebastian; Baggio, Ricardo; Khaleghi, Moj; Torkzadeh-Mahani, Masoud; Mostafavi, Ali

    2015-05-01

    Two new Cu(II) complexes, [Cu(L)(phen)] (1), [Cu(L)(bipy)] (2), where L(2-)=(3-methoxy-2oxidobenzylidene)benzohydrazidato, phen=1,10 phenanthroline, and bipy=2,2' bipyridine, were prepared and fully characterized using elemental analyses, FT-IR, molar conductivity, and electronic spectra. The structures of both complexes were also determined by X-ray diffraction. It was found that, both complexes possessed square pyramidal coordination environment in which, Cu(II) ions were coordinated by donor atoms of HL and two nitrogens of heterocyclic bases. Computational studies were performed using DFT calculations at B3LYP/6-311+G(d,p) level of theory. DNA binding activities of these complexes were also investigated using electronic absorption, competitive fluorescence titration and cyclic voltammetry studies. The obtained results indicated that binding of the complexes to DNA was of intercalative mode. Furthermore, antimicrobial activities of these compounds were screened against microorganisms. PMID:25725448

  2. Synthesis, characterization, X-ray crystal structure, DFT calculation, DNA binding, and antimicrobial assays of two new mixed-ligand copper(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ebrahimipour, S. Yousef; Sheikhshoaie, Iran; Mohamadi, Maryam; Suarez, Sebastian; Baggio, Ricardo; Khaleghi, Moj; Torkzadeh-Mahani, Masoud; Mostafavi, Ali

    2015-05-01

    Two new Cu(II) complexes, [Cu(L)(phen)] (1), [Cu(L)(bipy)] (2), where L2- = (3-methoxy-2oxidobenzylidene)benzohydrazidato, phen = 1,10 phenanthroline, and bipy = 2,2‧ bipyridine, were prepared and fully characterized using elemental analyses, FT-IR, molar conductivity, and electronic spectra. The structures of both complexes were also determined by X-ray diffraction. It was found that, both complexes possessed square pyramidal coordination environment in which, Cu(II) ions were coordinated by donor atoms of HL and two nitrogens of heterocyclic bases. Computational studies were performed using DFT calculations at B3LYP/6-311+G(d,p) level of theory. DNA binding activities of these complexes were also investigated using electronic absorption, competitive fluorescence titration and cyclic voltammetry studies. The obtained results indicated that binding of the complexes to DNA was of intercalative mode. Furthermore, antimicrobial activities of these compounds were screened against microorganisms.

  3. Monodentate coordination of N-[di(phenyl/ethyl)carbamothioyl]benzamide ligands: synthesis, crystal structure and catalytic oxidation property of Cu(I) complexes.

    PubMed

    Gunasekaran, Nanjappan; Ramesh, Pandian; Ponnuswamy, Mondikalipudur Nanjappa Gounder; Karvembu, Ramasamy

    2011-12-14

    New four-coordinated tetrahedral copper(I) complexes have been synthesized from the reactions between [CuCl(2)(PPh(3))(2)] and N-(diphenylcarbamothioyl)benzamide (HL1) or N-(diethylcarbamothioyl)benzamide (HL2) in benzene. These complexes have been characterized by elemental analyses, IR, UV/Vis, (1)H, (13)C and (31)P NMR spectroscopy. The molecular structure of both the complexes, [CuCl(HL1)(2)(PPh(3))] (1) and [CuCl(HL2)(PPh(3))(2)] (2) were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, which reveals distorted tetrahedral geometry around each Cu(I) ion. The combination of 2 (0.005 mmol) with hydrogen peroxide (2.5 mmol) in acetonitrile is found to be an active catalyst for the oxidation of primary and secondary alcohols (0.5 mmol) to their corresponding acids and ketones, respectively, at room temperature. PMID:21984488

  4. Synthesis and Structural Characterization of Lithium and Titanium Complexes Bearing a Bulky Aryloxide Ligand Based on a Rigid Fused-Ring s-Hydrindacene Skeleton.

    PubMed

    Kanazawa, Shoya; Ohira, Taishi; Goda, Shun; Hayakawa, Naoki; Tanikawa, Tomoharu; Hashizume, Daisuke; Ishida, Yutaka; Kawaguchi, Hiroyuki; Matsuo, Tsukasa

    2016-07-01

    The bulky aryl alcohols, (Rind)OH (1) [Rind = EMind (a) and Eind (b)], based on the rigid fused-ring 1,1,3,3,5,5,7,7-octa-R-substituted s-hydrindacene skeleton were prepared by the reaction of (Rind)Li with nitrobenzene followed by protonation. The treatment of 1 with (n)BuLi affords the lithium aryloxide dimers [(Rind)OLi(THF)]2 (2) or trimers [(Rind)OLi]3 (3), depending on the employed solvents (THF = tetrahydrofuran). The salt metathesis reaction of [(EMind)OLi(THF)]2 (2a) with TiCl4(THF)2 leads to the formation of the mononuclear diamagnetic mono- and bis(aryloxide) Ti(IV) complexes, [(EMind)O]TiCl3(THF) (4a) and [(EMind)O]2TiCl2 (5a). We also isolated a trace amount of the tris(aryloxide) Ti(IV) complex, [(EMind)O]3TiCl (6a). The reaction between 2a and TiCl3(THF)3 resulted in the isolation of the mononuclear paramagnetic mono- and bis(aryloxide) Ti(III) complexes, [(EMind)O]TiCl2(THF)2 (7a) and [(EMind)O]2TiCl(THF)2 (8a). The discrete monomeric structures of the titanium complexes 4a, 5a, 6a, 7a, and 8a were determined by X-ray crystallography. PMID:27284975

  5. Solvothermal synthesis, structure and physical properties of Cs[Cr(en)2MSe4] (M = Ge, Sn) with [MSe4](4-) tetrahedra as chelating ligand.

    PubMed

    Wang, Yingqi; Wang, Ruiqi; Liu, Qinglong; Lai, Xiaofang; Zhang, Xian; Chen, Haijie; Zheng, Chong; Lin, Jianhua; Huang, Fuqiang

    2016-05-31

    Two chromium chalcogenide Cs[Cr(en)2GeSe4] () and Cs[Cr(en)2SnSe4] () have been synthesized by a solvothermal method. Both compounds crystallize in the monoclinic space group P21/n. The structures of the two compounds are characterized by isolated [Cr(en)2MSe4](-) clusters separated by Cs(+) ions. The optical properties of the two compounds were measured which indicate a similar band gap of 1.58 eV. DFT calculations demonstrated that the valance band maximum (VBM) consist of Cr 3d orbitals and Se 4p orbitals while the conductive band minimum (CBM) are composed of Cr 3d orbitals for both compounds, which explains their similar optical band gap energies. Both compounds possess paramagnetic behaviors with the effective magnetic moment of 3.97μB for Cs[Cr(en)2GeSe4] and 3.91μB for Cs[Cr(en)2SnSe4], respectively. Field-dependent magnetization measurements demonstrated their potential as magnetocaloric materials, with the magnetic entropy change of 11.6 J (kg K)(-1) for Cs[Cr(en)2GeSe4], and 14.2 J (kg K)(-1) for Cs[Cr(en)2SnSe4]. PMID:27164409

  6. Synthesis, structure and reactivity of dinuclear rare earth metal bis(o-aminobenzyl) complexes bearing a 1,4-phenylenediamidinate co-ligand.

    PubMed

    Li, Meng; Hong, Jianquan; Chen, Zhenxia; Zhou, Xigeng; Zhang, Lixin

    2013-06-21

    A series of phenylenediamidinate rare earth metal complexes 1,4-C6H4[C(NR)2Ln(o-CH2C6H4NMe2)2]2 (R = 2,6-(i)Pr2-C6H3, Ln = Y (2a), Lu (2b), Sc (2c)) were synthesized by deprotonation of 1,4-C6H4[C(NR)(NHR)]2 (1) with two equivalents of n-BuLi followed by reacting with two equivalents of anhydrous LnCl3 and subsequently four equivalents of Li(o-CH2C6H4NMe2), or by protolysis of [Ln(o-CH2C6H4NMe2)3] with 0.5 equivalent of 1 in THF or toluene. Treatment of complexes 2a and 2b with four equivalents of phenyl isocyanate and phenyl isothiocyanate gave the corresponding insertion products 1,4-C6H4[C(NR)2Ln{OC(CH2C6H4NMe2-o)NPh}2(THF)]2 (Ln = Y (3a), Lu (3b)) and 1,4-C6H4[C(NR)2Ln{SC(CH2C6H4NMe2-o)NPh}2]2 (Ln = Y (4a), Lu (4b)), respectively. The structures of 1, 3b, and 4a were established by X-ray diffraction studies. Complexes 2 show high activity for rac-lactide and ε-caprolactone polymerization; for the former a synergistic effect between two metal centers is observed. PMID:23598898

  7. Easy oxidative addition of the carbon-halogen bond by dimethylplatinum(II) complexes containing a related series of diimine ligands: Synthesis, spectral characterization and crystal structure

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Momeni, Badri Z.; Fathi, Nastaran; Mohagheghi, Arezoo

    2015-01-01

    Dimethylplatinum(II) complexes [PtMe2(NN)] {NN = 4,4‧-Me2bpy (4,4‧-dimethyl-2,2‧-bipyridine); 5,5‧-Me2bpy (5,5‧-dimethyl-2,2‧-bipyridine)} were reacted with alkyl halides (RX = EtI, EtBr) to yield the organoplatinum(IV) complexes [PtMe2RX(NN)]. On the basis of NMR data, the platinum(IV) product of each reaction contains almost exclusively the trans isomer but small traces of the cis isomers are also observed. On the other hand, the reaction of [PtMe2(NN)] {NN = bu2bpy (4,4‧-di-tert-butyl-2,2‧-bipyridine); 4,4‧-Me2bpy; 5,5‧-Me2bpy} with CH2Br2 gave a mixture of cis and trans-[PtMe2(CH2Br)Br(NN)] formed by the oxidative addition of one of the C-Br bonds. The formation of the cis isomer increases in the order of 5,5‧-Me2bpy > bu2bpy > 4,4‧-Me2bpy. The reaction of [PtMe2(NN)] {NN = bpy (2,2‧-bipyridine), phen (1,10-phenanthroline)} with 1,8-dibromooctane or 1,9-dibromononane afforded the mononuclear complexes [PtMe2{(CH2)nBr}Br(NN)] (n = 8-9). The products were fully characterized by elemental analysis, 1H, 13C, HH COSY, HMQC, DEPT and DEPTQ-135 NMR spectroscopy. The crystal structure of [PtMe2EtI(4,4‧-Me2bpy)] reveals that Pt(IV) atom is six-coordinated in a slightly distorted octahedral geometry with the ethyl group trans to iodide.

  8. Organoactinide chemistry: synthesis, structure, and solution dynamics

    SciTech Connect

    Brennan, J.G.

    1985-12-01

    This thesis considers three aspects of organoactinide chemistry. In chapter one, a bidentate phosphine ligand was used to kinetically stabilize complexes of the type Cp/sub 2/MX/sub 2/. Ligand redistribution processes are present throughout the synthetic work, as has often been observed in uranium cyclopentadienyl chemistry. The effects of covalent M-L bonding on the solution and solid state properties of U(III) coordination complexes are considered. In particular, the nature of the more subtle interaction between the metal and the neutral ligand are examined. Using relative basicity data obtained in solution, and solid state structural data (and supplemented by gas phase photoelectron measurements), it is demonstrated that the more electron rich U(III) centers engage in significant U ..-->.. L ..pi..-donation. Trivalent uranium is shown to be capable of acting either as a one- or two-electron reducing agent toward a wide variety of unsaturated organic and inorganic molecules, generating molecular classes unobtainable via traditional synthetic approaches, as well as offering an alternative synthetic approach to molecules accessible via metathesis reactions. Ligand redistribution processes are again observed, but given the information concerning ligand lability, this reactivity pattern is applied to the synthesis of pure materials inaccessible from redox chemistry. 214 refs., 33 figs., 10 tabs.

  9. Heteropentanuclear Oxalato-Bridged nd-4f (n=4, 5) Metal Complexes with NO Ligand: Synthesis, Crystal Structures, Aqueous Stability and Antiproliferative Activity.

    PubMed

    Kuhn, Paul-Steffen; Cremer, Laura; Gavriluta, Anatolie; Jovanović, Katarina K; Filipović, Lana; Hummer, Alfred A; Büchel, Gabriel E; Dojčinović, Biljana P; Meier, Samuel M; Rompel, Annette; Radulović, Siniša; Tommasino, Jean Bernard; Luneau, Dominique; Arion, Vladimir B

    2015-09-21

    A series of heteropentanuclear oxalate-bridged Ru(NO)-Ln (4d-4f) metal complexes of the general formula (nBu4N)5[Ln{RuCl3(μ-ox)(NO)}4], where Ln=Y (2), Gd (3), Tb (4), Dy (5) and ox=oxalate anion, were obtained by treatment of (nBu4N)2[RuCl3(ox)(NO)] (1) with the respective lanthanide salt in 4:1 molar ratio. The compounds were characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy, electrospray ionization (ESI) mass spectrometry, while 1, 2, and 5 were in addition analyzed by X-ray crystallography, 1 by Ru K-edge XAS and 1 and 2 by (13)C NMR spectroscopy. X-ray diffraction showed that in 2 and 5 four complex anions [RuCl3(ox)(NO)](2-) are coordinated to Y(III) and Dy(III), respectively, with formation of [Ln{RuCl3(μ-ox)(NO)}4](5-) (Ln=Y, Dy). While Y(III) is eight-coordinate in 2, Dy(III) is nine-coordinate in 5, with an additional coordination of an EtOH molecule. The negative charge is counterbalanced by five nBu4N(+) ions present in the crystal structure. The stability of complexes 2 and 5 in aqueous medium was monitored by UV/Vis spectroscopy. The antiproliferative activity of ruthenium-lanthanide complexes 2-5 were assayed in two human cancer cell lines (HeLa and A549) and in a noncancerous cell line (MRC-5) and compared with those obtained for the previously reported Os(NO)-Ln (5d-4f) analogues (nBu4N)5[Ln{OsCl3(ox)(NO)}4] (Ln=Y (6), Gd (7), Tb (8), Dy (9)). Complexes 2-5 were found to be slightly more active than 1 in inhibiting the proliferation of HeLa and A549 cells, and significantly more cytotoxic than 5d-4f metal complexes 6-9 in terms of IC50 values. The highest antiproliferative activity with IC50 values of 20.0 and 22.4 μM was found for 4 in HeLa and A549 cell lines, respectively. These cytotoxicity results are in accord with the presented ICP-MS data, indicating five- to eightfold greater accumulation of ruthenium versus osmium in human A549 cancer cells. PMID:26260662

  10. Heteropentanuclear Oxalato-Bridged nd–4f (n=4, 5) Metal Complexes with NO Ligand: Synthesis, Crystal Structures, Aqueous Stability and Antiproliferative Activity

    PubMed Central

    Kuhn, Paul-Steffen; Cremer, Laura; Gavriluta, Anatolie; Jovanović, Katarina K; Filipović, Lana; Hummer, Alfred A; Büchel, Gabriel E; Dojčinović, Biljana P; Meier, Samuel M; Rompel, Annette; Radulović, Siniša; Tommasino, Jean Bernard; Luneau, Dominique; Arion, Vladimir B

    2015-01-01

    A series of heteropentanuclear oxalate-bridged Ru(NO)-Ln (4d–4f) metal complexes of the general formula (nBu4N)5[Ln{RuCl3(μ-ox)(NO)}4], where Ln=Y (2), Gd (3), Tb (4), Dy (5) and ox=oxalate anion, were obtained by treatment of (nBu4N)2[RuCl3(ox)(NO)] (1) with the respective lanthanide salt in 4:1 molar ratio. The compounds were characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy, electrospray ionization (ESI) mass spectrometry, while 1, 2, and 5 were in addition analyzed by X-ray crystallography, 1 by Ru K-edge XAS and 1 and 2 by 13C NMR spectroscopy. X-ray diffraction showed that in 2 and 5 four complex anions [RuCl3(ox)(NO)]2− are coordinated to YIII and DyIII, respectively, with formation of [Ln{RuCl3(μ-ox)(NO)}4]5− (Ln=Y, Dy). While YIII is eight-coordinate in 2, DyIII is nine-coordinate in 5, with an additional coordination of an EtOH molecule. The negative charge is counterbalanced by five nBu4N+ ions present in the crystal structure. The stability of complexes 2 and 5 in aqueous medium was monitored by UV/Vis spectroscopy. The antiproliferative activity of ruthenium-lanthanide complexes 2–5 were assayed in two human cancer cell lines (HeLa and A549) and in a noncancerous cell line (MRC-5) and compared with those obtained for the previously reported Os(NO)-Ln (5d–4f) analogues (nBu4N)5[Ln{OsCl3(ox)(NO)}4] (Ln=Y (6), Gd (7), Tb (8), Dy (9)). Complexes 2–5 were found to be slightly more active than 1 in inhibiting the proliferation of HeLa and A549 cells, and significantly more cytotoxic than 5d–4f metal complexes 6–9 in terms of IC50 values. The highest antiproliferative activity with IC50 values of 20.0 and 22.4 μM was found for 4 in HeLa and A549 cell lines, respectively. These cytotoxicity results are in accord with the presented ICP-MS data, indicating five- to eightfold greater accumulation of ruthenium versus osmium in human A549 cancer cells. PMID:26260662