Sample records for likert scale questions

  1. Scaling Attitude Items Constructed and Scored in the Likert Tradition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andrich, David

    1978-01-01

    A generalization of the Rasch model is employed to quantify statements on a scale in the Thurstone tradition, as well as to measure a person's attitudes in the Likert tradition. An illustration of the technique is provided. (JKS)

  2. Response-Order Effects in Likert-Type Scales.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chan, Jason C.

    1991-01-01

    A study involving 102 high school students (49 males and 53 females) from Taiwan revealed that the order of response scale labels had a primacy effect on subjects' choices of the alternatives in Likert-type attitude scales. Practical implications of the response-order effects for measurement are discussed. (SLD)

  3. Dependability of Anchoring Labels of Likert-Type Scales.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chang, Lei

    1997-01-01

    Generalizabilty theory was used to examine the dependability of anchoring labels of Likert-type scales. In samples of 173 graduate students and 108 graduate students completing attitude measures, variance components associated with labeling were found to be minute, contributing little to observed score variance. Possible explanations are…

  4. Analyzing Likert Data

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boone, Harry N., Jr.; Boone, Deborah A.

    2012-01-01

    This article provides information for Extension professionals on the correct analysis of Likert data. The analyses of Likert-type and Likert scale data require unique data analysis procedures, and as a result, misuses and/or mistakes often occur. This article discusses the differences between Likert-type and Likert scale data and provides…

  5. Analysis of Likert Scale Data in Disability and Medical Rehabilitation Research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael J. Nanna; Shlomo S. Sawilowsky

    1998-01-01

    Many clinical evaluations are subjective, resulting in ordinal level measurements. A widely used example in medical rehabilitation is the Functional Independence Measure (FIM), which provides a measure of disability. The FIM is an 18-item, 7-point Likert scale ranging from complete dependence to complete independence. Parametric statistics are commonly used for the analysis of ordinal data. However, Likert scales often lead

  6. The RAM Scale: Development and Validation of the Revised Scale in Likert Format.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wright, Claudia R.; And Others

    1983-01-01

    The development and validation of a revised form of the RAM Scale in Likert format are described. The RAM Scale measures student philosophical orientations in terms of relative, absolute, or mixed biases or preferences toward issues of knowledge, methods, and values. (Author/PN)

  7. Heightened Sensitivity of Likert Attitude Scales to Restriction of Sample Range.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, James S.; Wedell, Douglas H.; Laughlin, James E.

    The Likert rating scale procedure is often used in conjunction with a graded disagree-agree response scale to measure attitudes. Item characteristic curves associated with graded disagree-agree responses are generally single-peaked, nonmonotonic functions of true attitude. These characteristics are, thus, more generally consistent with an…

  8. How meaningful are data from Likert scales? An evaluation of how ratings are made and the role of the response shift in the socially disadvantaged.

    PubMed

    Ogden, Jane; Lo, Jessica

    2012-04-01

    Likert scales relating to quality of life were completed by the homeless (N = 75); first year students (N = 301) and a town population (N = 72). Participants also completed free text questions. The scale and free text data were often contradictory and the results highlighted three processes to account for these disparities: i) frame of reference: current salient issues influenced how questions were interpreted; ii) within-subject comparisons: ratings were based on expectations given past experiences; iii) time frame: those with more stable circumstances showed habituation to their level of deprivation. Likert scale data should be understood within the context of how ratings are made. PMID:21824896

  9. An Exact Probability Test for Likert Scales with Unequal Response Probabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bardo, John W.

    1978-01-01

    Assumptions underlying Cooper's exact probability test for Likert-type scales are examined and found not always to hold true. A modification of his test is derived, differences in results obtained with the two tests are presented, and the significance of the results discussed. (KR)

  10. Attitudes of heterosexuals toward homosexuality: A Likert?type scale and construct validity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Knud S. Larsen; Michael Reed; Susan Hoffman

    1980-01-01

    This article reports on three phases of the development of a Likert?type scale measuring heterosexual attitudes toward homosexuality. Phase 1 describes the development of the scale. Item analysis yielded 20 statements with item?total correlations ranging from .57 to .74. In Phase 2 the 20?item Heterosexual Attitudes Toward Homosexuality (HATH) Scale was administered to 82 subjects. Analysis yielded a corrected split?half

  11. The Analysis of Likert Scales Using State Multipoles: An Application of Quantum Methods to Behavioral Sciences Data

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Camparo, James; Camparo, Lorinda B.

    2013-01-01

    Though ubiquitous, Likert scaling's traditional mode of analysis is often unable to uncover all of the valid information in a data set. Here, the authors discuss a solution to this problem based on methodology developed by quantum physicists: the state multipole method. The authors demonstrate the relative ease and value of this method by…

  12. Preconditions for sensitivity in measuring change: visual analogue scales compared to rating scales in a Likert format.

    PubMed

    Pfennings, L; Cohen, L; van der Ploeg, H

    1995-10-01

    In a study of preconditions of responsiveness, we examined the variances obtained by two different ways of responding to questionnaire items. Subjects were 168 first-year medical students. They all completed a questionnaire of nine items. The original Likert-like scoring was (partially) replaced by visual analogue scoring in three quarters of the questionnaires. For three items the analogue form had a significantly greater variance than the discrete form, but no discrete item had a significantly greater variance than its analogue counterpart. Assuming that a greater variance was indicative for a greater responsiveness, our findings provide some support for the preferred use of analogue scales over discrete response categories in the measurement of changes over time. PMID:8559872

  13. Using Confirmatory Factor Analysis of Multitrait-Multimethod Data To Assess the Psychometrical Equivalence of 4-Point and 6-Point Likert-Type Scales.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chang, Lei

    Equivalence in reliability and validity across 4-point and 6-point scales was assessed by fitting different measurement models through confirmatory factor analysis of a multitrait-multimethod covariance matrix. Responses to nine Likert-type items designed to measure perceived quantitative ability, self-perceived usefulness of quantitative…

  14. The five-point Likert scale for dyspnea can properly assess the degree of pulmonary congestion and predict adverse events in heart failure outpatients

    PubMed Central

    Weber, Cristina K; Miglioranza, Marcelo H; de Moraes, Maria A P; Sant'anna, Roberto T; Rover, Marciane M; Kalil, Renato A K; Leiria, Tiago Luiz L

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: Proper assessment of dyspnea is important in patients with heart failure. Our aim was to evaluate the use of the 5-point Likert scale for dyspnea to assess the degree of pulmonary congestion and to determine the prognostic value of this scale for predicting adverse events in heart failure outpatients. METHODS: We undertook a prospective study of outpatients with moderate to severe heart failure. The 5-point Likert scale was applied during regular outpatient visits, along with clinical assessments. Lung ultrasound with ?15 B-lines and an amino-terminal portion of pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) level >1000 pg/mL were used as a reference for pulmonary congestion. The patients were then assessed every 30 days during follow-up to identify adverse clinical outcomes. RESULTS: We included 58 patients (65.5% male, age 43.5±11 years) with a mean left ventricular ejection fraction of 27±6%. In total, 29.3% of these patients had heart failure with ischemic etiology. Additionally, pulmonary congestion, as diagnosed by lung ultrasound, was present in 58% of patients. A higher degree of dyspnea (3 or 4 points on the 5-point Likert scale) was significantly correlated with a higher number of B-lines (p?=?0.016). Patients stratified into Likert?=?3-4 were at increased risk of admission compared with those in class 1-2 after adjusting for age, left ventricular ejection fraction, New York Heart Association functional class and levels of NT-proBNP >1000 pg/mL (HR?=?4.9, 95% CI 1.33-18.64, p?=?0.017). CONCLUSION: In our series, higher baseline scores on the 5-point Likert scale were related to pulmonary congestion and were independently associated with adverse events during follow-up. This simple clinical tool can help to identify patients who are more likely to decompensate and whose treatment should be intensified. PMID:24838900

  15. The influence of labels associated with anchor points of Likert-type response scales in survey questionnaires.

    PubMed

    Blais, Jean-Guy; Grondin, Julie

    2011-01-01

    Survey questionnaires are among the most used data gathering techniques in the social sciences researchers' toolbox and many factors can influence respondents' answers on items and affect data validity. Among these factors, research has accumulated which demonstrates that verbal and numeric labels associated with item's response categories in such questionnaire may influence substantially the way in which respondents operate their choices within the proposed response format. In line with these findings, the focus of this article is to use Andrich's Rating scale model to illustrate what kind of influence the quantifier adverb "totally," used to label or emphasize extreme categories, could have on respondents' answers. PMID:22357158

  16. The Effects of Various Configurations of Likert, Ordered Categorical, or Rating Scale Data on the Ordinal Logistic Regression Pseudo R-Squared Measure of Fit: The Case of the Cummulative Logit Model.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zumbo, Bruno D.; Ochieng, Charles O.

    Many measures found in educational research are ordered categorical response variables that are empirical realizations of an underlying normally distributed variate. These ordered categorical variables are commonly referred to as Likert or rating scale data. Regression models are commonly fit using these ordered categorical variables as the…

  17. Measuring Student Attitudes: Semantic Differential or Likert Instruments?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schibeci, R. A.

    1982-01-01

    Following descriptions of a semantic differential (SD) and test of science-related attitudes (TOSRA)--a Likert-type scale--reports results of using the instruments with secondary school students in various Australian schools (N=1,049 for TOSRA and 1,116 for SD). Suggests SD for general attitude and Likert-type scales of specific attitude…

  18. Enhanced measurement sensitivity of hopeless ideation among older adults at risk of self-harm: Reliability and validity of Likert-type responses to the Beck Hopelessness Scale

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eva Neufeld; Norm O’Rourke; Martha Donnelly

    2010-01-01

    Objective: Responses to the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS) have been identified as a significant predictor of suicide-related ideation and self-harm, of note, to a greater degree than severity of depressive symptoms. The BHS is the most widely used instrument to assess this construct, yet concern has been expressed about the traditional true\\/false response format of this instrument. For this study,

  19. Estimating Ordinal Reliability for Likert-Type and Ordinal Item Response Data: A Conceptual, Empirical, and Practical Guide

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gadermann, Anne M.; Guhn, Martin; Zumbo, Bruno D.

    2012-01-01

    This paper provides a conceptual, empirical, and practical guide for estimating ordinal reliability coefficients for ordinal item response data (also referred to as Likert, Likert-type, ordered categorical, or rating scale item responses). Conventionally, reliability coefficients, such as Cronbach's alpha, are calculated using a Pearson…

  20. La medida de las actitudes usando las técnicas de Likert y de diferencial semántico

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Espinosa García; T. Román Galán

    1998-01-01

    SUMMARY We have established a comparison between two popular methods to assess the attitude toward experimental sciences: The summated rating method, generally known as the Likert scale; and the semantic differential method. This study is carried out with university students of chemistry and high school students, finding that both attitude measuring techniques are equally suitable in our educative system. Moreover,

  1. A Two-Decision Model for Responses to Likert-Type Items

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thissen-Roe, Anne; Thissen, David

    2013-01-01

    Extreme response set, the tendency to prefer the lowest or highest response option when confronted with a Likert-type response scale, can lead to misfit of item response models such as the generalized partial credit model. Recently, a series of intrinsically multidimensional item response models have been hypothesized, wherein tendency toward…

  2. Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuntz, Haley

    2007-01-01

    A canoe trip guide for young people gets used to the never-ending flow of questions. Kids are constantly inquiring about how many kilometres have been traveled that day, how many kilometres to go that day, what is for dinner, and when the next set of moving water is coming up. With kids, the questions are endless. Questions often are used as a…

  3. Rating scale analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Glencross

    2009-01-01

    In many research studies, respondents' beliefs and opinions about various concepts are often measured by means of five, six and seven point scales. The widely used five point scale is commonly known as a Likert scale (Likert, (1932) \\

  4. Ramsay Curve IRT for Likert-Type Data

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woods, Carol M.

    2007-01-01

    Ramsay curve item response theory (RC-IRT) was recently developed to detect and correct for nonnormal latent variables when unidimensional IRT models are fitted to data using maximum marginal likelihood estimation. The purpose of this research is to evaluate the performance of RC-IRT for Likert-type item responses with varying test lengths, sample…

  5. ALAM and ALAS: Questioning Error Assignments in Unidimensional Guttman Scaling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wimberley, Ronald C.

    1976-01-01

    When researchers use the Guttman scalogram rather than multidimensional techniques, scalogram error assignment techniques should be questioned. An alternative to the customary minimizing error rule is suggested through ALAM and ALAS criteria which use ordinal information in scalable item marginals. (Author)

  6. Library Anxiety of Law Students: A Study Utilizing the Multidimensional Library Anxiety Scale

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowers, Stacey L.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine whether law students experienced library anxiety and, if so, which components contributed to that anxiety. The Multidimensional Library Anxiety Scale (MLAS) developed by Dr. Doris Van Kampen was used to assess library anxiety levels of law students. The MLAS is a 53 question Likert scale instrument that…

  7. The Response Scale for the Intellectual Disability Module of the WHOQOL: 5-Point or 3-Point?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fang, J.; Fleck, M. P.; Green, A.; McVilly, K.; Hao, Y.; Tan, W.; Fu, R.; Power, M.

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To deal with the question of whether a 5-point response Likert scale should be changed to a 3-point scale when used in the field testing of people with intellectual disabilities (IDs), which was raised after the pilot study of World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL)-DIS, a module being developed with the World Health…

  8. Questions, Answers and Clarifications Commercial Scale Advanced Biofuels Production Facilities Solicitation

    E-print Network

    Questions, Answers and Clarifications Commercial Scale Advanced Biofuels Production Facilities biofuels production facility? A.1 An existing biofuels facility is an existing facility that, as of the application due date of PON-13-601, produces (or did produce) biofuels in California. Q.2 Must an eligible

  9. Psychometric Comparison of the Motivation Assessment Scale (MAS) and the Questions about Behavioral Function (QABF)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koritsas, S.; Iacono, T.

    2013-01-01

    Background: The Motivation Assessment Scale (MAS) and the Questions About Behavioral Function (QABF) are frequently used to assess the learned function of challenging behaviour in people with intellectual disability (ID). The aim was to explore and compare the psychometric properties of the MAS and the QABF. Method: Seventy adults with ID and…

  10. Multi-scale ecosystem monitoring: an application of scaling data to answer multiple ecological questions

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Background/Question/Methods Standardized monitoring data collection efforts using a probabilistic sample design, such as in the Bureau of Land Management’s (BLM) Assessment, Inventory, and Monitoring (AIM) Strategy, provide a core suite of ecological indicators, maximize data collection efficiency,...

  11. Validity Issues in the Likert and Thurstone Approaches to Attitude Measurement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, James S.; Laughlin, James E.; Wedell, Douglas H.

    1999-01-01

    Highlights the theoretical differences between the approaches of R. Likert (1932) and L. Thurstone (1928) to attitude measurement. Uses real and simulated data on attitudes toward abortion to illustrate that attitude researchers should pay more attention to the empirical-response characteristics of items on a Likert attitude questionnaire. (SLD)

  12. Scale-up of microbial processes: impacts, tools and open questions.

    PubMed

    Takors, R

    2012-07-31

    Industrial biotechnological production is developing rapidly worldwide. Consequently, more and novel bioprocesses need to perform optimally not only in small lab- but also in large production scales. This article shortly reviews typical impacts found when cells are exposed to micro environmental heterogeneities typically occurring in poorly mixed large scale production reactors. The current state-of-the-art of tool development is presented for analyzing these phenomena. Finally, still open questions are formulated and needs for future research are outlined to further support the expansion of biotech industries by successful research results. PMID:22206982

  13. question_1411052731 — Provocative Questions

    Cancer.gov

    This question is epidemiologic but prevention is better than cure. Since both ovarian low and high grade serous carcinomas originate from the distal fallopian tube, wouldn’t (large- scale) snipping of the fimbrial end of both tubes at the time of tubectomy (with informed consent) prevent the majority of serous carcinomas developing over time?

  14. Validity Issues in the Likert and Thurstone Approaches to Attitude Measurement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James S. Roberts; James E. Laughlin; Douglas H. Wedell

    1999-01-01

    This article highlights the theoretical differences between the Likert and Thurstone approaches to attitude measurement and demonstrates how such differences can lead to discrepant attitude estimates for individuals with the most extreme opinions. Both simulated data and real data on attitude toward abortion are used to demonstrate this discrepancy. The results suggest that attitude researchers should, at the very least,

  15. question_1412830344 — Provocative Questions

    Cancer.gov

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  16. question_1410865099 — Provocative Questions

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  17. question_1414049861 — Provocative Questions

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  18. question_1412590509 — Provocative Questions

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  19. question_1410251969 — Provocative Questions

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  20. question_1410689941 — Provocative Questions

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  1. Report Page 1 of 1 Frequency distribution for all scaled questions

    E-print Network

    Ginzel, Matthew

    to this institution, to what degree: Were you able to enroll in the courses you need for your intended major this term to enable appropriate first-term course selection? Key Text N (%N) (1) Not at all 3 (4.1%) (2) Slightly 13) (2200 responses) Report Selections Close Sort by Question Number in descending order Include "Not

  2. question_1298942394 — Provocative Questions

    Cancer.gov

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  3. question_1302099820 — Provocative Questions

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  4. question_1337052960 — Provocative Questions

    Cancer.gov

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  5. question_1297533065 — Provocative Questions

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  6. question_1309291860 — Provocative Questions

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  7. question_1309209288 — Provocative Questions

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  8. question_1297191134 — Provocative Questions

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  9. question_1302015319 — Provocative Questions

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  10. question_1296057192 — Provocative Questions

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  11. question_1296826774 — Provocative Questions

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  12. question_1296786566 — Provocative Questions

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  13. question_1333398119 — Provocative Questions

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  14. question_1296850328 — Provocative Questions

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  16. Stygobiotic crustacean species richness: a question of numbers, a matter of scale

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fabio StochDiana; Diana M. P. Galassi

    2010-01-01

    Species richness in ground water is still largely underestimated, and this situation stems from two different impediments:\\u000a the Linnaean (i.e. the taxonomic) and the Wallacean (i.e. the biogeographical) shortfalls. Within this fragmented frame of\\u000a knowledge of subterranean biodiversity, this review was aimed at (i) assessing species richness in ground water at different\\u000a spatial scales, and its contribution to overall freshwater

  17. The Effect of Question Order on Disclosure of Intimate Partner Violence: An Experimental Test Using the Conflict Tactics Scales

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ignacio Luis Ramirez; Murray A. Straus

    2006-01-01

    Two plausible but contradictory approaches to question order in research on sensitive or criminal behavior are (1) that presenting the questions in a sequence corresponding to a culturally recognized behavior pattern will facilitate disclosure, and (2) that presenting questions in random order will result in more disclosure because random order disrupts response sets. The question order of the original Conflict

  18. On the Question of an Identity Status Category Order: Rasch Model Step and Scale Statistics Used to Identify Category Order

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al-Owidha, Amjed; Green, Kathy E.; Kroger, Jane

    2009-01-01

    The question of whether or not a developmental continuum underlies James Marcia's identity statuses has been a topic of debate among identity researchers for nearly 20 years. This study addressed the prefatory question of whether the identity statuses can be empirically ordered in a theoretically optimal way. This question was addressed via use of…

  19. question_1411972022 — Provocative Questions

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  20. question_1411972090 — Provocative Questions

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  1. If you have questions about how to start a small scale food business, then please attend the: Food Entrepreneurs' Network Food Business Basics Seminar

    E-print Network

    manufacturing Food Safety and Regulation Food Liability Insurance One-on-One Consultation: Registration includesIf you have questions about how to start a small scale food business, then please attend the: Food Entrepreneurs' Network Food Business Basics Seminar Date: Wednesday July 24, 2013 Time:10:00AM - 3:00PM (Lunch

  2. A Mathematical Approach in Evaluating Biotechnology Attitude Scale: Rough Set Data Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Narli, Serkan; Sinan, Olcay

    2011-01-01

    Individuals' thoughts and attitudes towards biotechnology have been investigated in many countries. A Likert-type scale is the most commonly used scale to measure attitude. However, the weak side of a likert-type scale is that different responses may produce the same score. The Rough set method has been regarded to address this shortcoming. A…

  3. question_1410159378 — Provocative Questions

    Cancer.gov

    Looking at cell to cell differences within a tumor bed, contributed by either DNA mutations, epigenetic or post-translational modifications (PTM) or miRNA mediated control switches or even a combination of all these, the question rise how to best design a personalized drug trial?

  4. SAMPLE INTERVIEW QUESTIONS General Questions

    E-print Network

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    SAMPLE INTERVIEW QUESTIONS General Questions Tell me a little about yourself / describe yourself to Binghamton? Behavioral Questions Do you anticipate problems or do you react to them? How do you go about? What are some important values that you live by? Creative Questions What does success mean to you

  5. Large-Scale Wind-Energy Utilisation and Some Open Questions in Atmospheric-Boundary-Layer Energetics

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Juan Carlos Bergmann

    2010-01-01

    Basically, energetics in an atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) without energy extraction by turbines is simple: The potential energy (PE) of the pressure-field is transformed to kinetic energy (KE) of the wind by down-gradient volume-flow. KE is further transformed to turbulent KE (TKE), which is dissipated to heat by viscous processes at the smallest turbulence scales. In stable stratification, a small

  6. Four Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hark-Weber, Amara G., Ed.

    2013-01-01

    The author is pleased to introduce a new section in "TAJ," Four Questions. The structure is simple: four questions are asked to teaching artists working in various media and locations. The questions are always the same, but because each teaching artist's approach is unique, their answers will provide an insight into particular methodologies that…

  7. Irenometer: a scale for the measurement of attitudes toward peace

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Panos D. Bardis

    1984-01-01

    The Likert scaling technique was employed to construct an Irenometer, i.e., a scale for the measurement of attitudes toward peace. The validity and reliability of this instrument which gives scores ranging between 0 and 40 were tested in several ways and found to be quite satisfactory. S Afr. J. Sociol. 1984, 15(1): 122–123Die Likert-skaalvormingstegniek is gebruik om 'n Irenometer, dit

  8. A Monte Carlo Examination of the Sensitivity of the Differential Functioning of Items and Tests Framework for Tests of Measurement Invariance with Likert Data

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meade, Adam W.; Lautenschlager, Gary J.; Johnson, Emily C.

    2007-01-01

    This article highlights issues associated with the use of the differential functioning of items and tests (DFIT) methodology for assessing measurement invariance (or differential functioning) with Likert-type data. Monte Carlo analyses indicate relatively low sensitivity of the DFIT methodology for identifying differential item functioning (DIF)…

  9. Fermi questions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bouffard, Karen

    1999-05-01

    This column contains problems and solutions for the general category of questions known as "Fermi" questions. Forcing the students to use their ability to estimate, giving answers in terms of order-of-magnitude, is not only a challenge for a competition, but a teaching strategy to use in the classroom to develop self-confidence and the ability to analyze answers as to whether or not they make sense, as opposed to relying on the "precision" of a calculator value.

  10. The Dimensionality of Agreement and Importance for Attitude Scales.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dewalt, Mark W.; Loyd, Brenda H.

    Attitude measurement through Likert-type surveys usually provides no opportunity to assess the importance of the statements of the subjects. This study, involving 479 graduate and undergraduate students, examines the question of whether importance and agreement measures have different underlying dimensions, and examines the question of whether the…

  11. "The" Question.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lowe, Pardee, Jr.

    1984-01-01

    Examines the suggestions found in Michael Canale's paper, "Considerations in the Testing of Reading and Listening Proficiency," in the light of a possible U.S. Government's Interagency Language Roundtable receptive skills proficiency test which must supply the answer to the question of how well an individual can understand a particular language.…

  12. Four Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hark-Weber, Amara G., Ed.

    2013-01-01

    Teaching artists often find themselves working in schools and communities that are new to them, whether these are situations close to home or farther afield. This issue of Four Questions highlights teaching artists who travel extensively as part of their teaching and artistic practices and bring their expertise, energy, and creativity to…

  13. Development and Validation of the POSITIVES Scale (Postsecondary Information Technology Initiative Scale)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fichten, Catherine S.; Asuncion, Jennison V.; Nguyen, Mai N.; Wolforth, Joan; Budd, Jillian; Barile, Maria; Gaulin, Chris; Martiniello, Natalie; Tibbs, Anthony; Ferraro, Vittoria; Amsel, Rhonda

    2009-01-01

    Data on how well information and communication technology (ICT) needs of 1354 Canadian college and university students with disabilities are met on and off campus were collected using the newly developed Positives Scale (Postsecondary Information Technology Initiative Scale). The measure contains 26 items which use a 6-point Likert scale (1 =…

  14. Questions Submitted Online — Provocative Questions

    Cancer.gov

    Sequencing of natural human tumors is teaching us invaluable lessons. It is becoming clear that the new dogmas created in the post genome era are being questioned. The previously suspected genetic heterogeneity of tumors is now proven on the sequence level. The extreme genetic heterogeneity of individual tumors and the existence of multiple tumors (not metastases) pose fundamental doubt on the prevailing dogma of targeted drug(s) and personalized treatments.

  15. Designing the Nuclear Energy Attitude Scale.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Calhoun, Lawrence; And Others

    1988-01-01

    Presents a refined method for designing a valid and reliable Likert-type scale to test attitudes toward the generation of electricity from nuclear energy. Discusses various tests of validity that were used on the nuclear energy scale. Reports results of administration and concludes that the test is both reliable and valid. (CW)

  16. The Multidisciplinary Hemodialysis Patient Satisfaction Scale: Reliability, Validity, and Scale Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Pamela Davis; Brantley, Philip J.; McKnight, G. Tipton; Jones, Glenn N.; Springer, Annette

    1997-01-01

    The development and preliminary reliability and validity studies are reported for the Multidisciplinary Hemodialysis Patient Satisfaction Scale, a 110-item Likert scale that assesses satisfaction with team health care services. The methods used to construct subscales may have implications for other psychometric studies of satisfaction and quality…

  17. Scale analysis and the measurement of social attitudes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Allen L. Edwards; Franklin P. Kilpatrick

    1948-01-01

    This paper discusses and compares the methods of attitude scale construction of Thurstone (method of equal-appearing intervals), Likert (method of summated ratings), and Guttman (method of scale analysis), with special emphasis on the latter as one of the most recent and significant contributions to the field. Despite a certain lack of methodological precision, scale analysis provides a means of evaluating

  18. Further Empirical Results on Parametric Versus Non-Parametric IRT Modeling of Likert-Type Personality Data

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maydeu-Olivares, Albert

    2005-01-01

    Chernyshenko, Stark, Chan, Drasgow, and Williams (2001) investigated the fit of Samejima's logistic graded model and Levine's non-parametric MFS model to the scales of two personality questionnaires and found that the graded model did not fit well. We attribute the poor fit of the graded model to small amounts of multidimensionality present in…

  19. Construction and Validity of Geometry Attitude Scales

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Utley, Juliana

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop and establish the validity and reliability of an instrument to measure students' attitudes toward geometry. Participants consisted of 264 undergraduate students from two universities, one in the Midwest and one in the Southwest. The instrument is a 5-point Likert-scaled survey consisting of 32 statements…

  20. Categorical Judgment Scaling with Ordinal Assumptions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hofacker, Charles F.

    1984-01-01

    An alternative for analyzing responses to Likert Scales is proposed, using additive conjoint measurement. It assumes that subjects can report their attitudes toward stimuli in rank order. Neither within-subject nor between-subject distributional assumptions are made. Nevertheless, interval level stimulus values and response category boundaries are…

  1. Developing a scale for assessing risk attitudes of agricultural decision makers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sharon K. Bard; Peter J. Barry

    2000-01-01

    This study adapts a methodology formulated in the social sciences to develop a scale for measuring an economic agent’s attitude toward risk. The scale assesses risk attitudes by eliciting farmers’ opinions towards risk management tools using a Likert procedure. The methodology validates the scale with a scientific risk attitude measure and compares the scale to the farmers’ self-assessment of their

  2. Hecht, Toby — Provocative Questions

    Cancer.gov

    Provocative Questions Skip to content. | Skip to navigation Personal tools Sign Up Log in Sections Home Home Current RFAs and PQs Community Dialog US Workshops Questions from Workshops Questions Submitted Online question_1296761243 Hecht, Toby Pose a

  3. Qian, Yong — Provocative Questions

    Cancer.gov

    Provocative Questions Skip to content. | Skip to navigation Personal tools Sign Up Log in Sections Home Home Current RFAs and PQs Community Dialog US Workshops Questions from Workshops Questions Submitted Online question_1297533065 Qian, Yong Pose a

  4. Pagel, Mark — Provocative Questions

    Cancer.gov

    Provocative Questions Skip to content. | Skip to navigation Personal tools Sign Up Log in Sections Home Home Current RFAs and PQs Community Dialog US Workshops Questions from Workshops Questions Submitted Online question_1297191134 Pagel, Mark Pose a

  5. Griguer, Corinne — Provocative Questions

    Cancer.gov

    Provocative Questions Skip to content. | Skip to navigation Personal tools Sign Up Log in Sections Home Home Current RFAs and PQs Community Dialog US Workshops Questions from Workshops Questions Submitted Online question_1295994802 Griguer, Corinne Pose

  6. Development and validation of the school interracial climate scale

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Charles W. Green; Afesa M. Adams; Charles W. Turner

    1988-01-01

    A scale to measure student perceptions of school interracial climate was developed. Items were written to reflect contact theory criteria for successful desegregation. Nearly 3,100 students in five middle schools responded to a pool of Likert-format items. Those responses were factor analyzed, and four factors emerged: Interdependence, Supportive Norms, Association, and Equal Status. Total scale internal consistency reliability was .89.

  7. Factor Analysis of the Omega Scale: A Scale Designed To Measure the Attitudes of College Students toward Their Own Deaths and the Disposition of Their Bodies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Staik, Irene M.

    A study was undertaken to provide a factor analysis of the Omega Scale, a 25-item, Likert-type scale developed in 1984 to assess attitudes toward death and funerals and other body disposition practices. The Omega Scale was administered to 250 students enrolled in introductory psychology classes at two higher education institutions in Alabama.…

  8. Question Taxonomy and Implications for Automatic Question Generation

    E-print Network

    Calvo, Rafael A.

    University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia Abstract: Many Automatic Question Generation (AQG academic writing. We conducted a large-scale case study with 25 supervisors and 36 research students, produced by supervisors, and how they support these students' literature review writing. In this paper, we

  9. Beware Answers with Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Humble, Steve

    2005-01-01

    Answers to mathematical problems come in all forms and most come with a variety of questions. Students often forget to ask questions once they have found an answer. This paper suggests that students would always benefit by questioning answers.

  10. Study Questions for Geophysics

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Susan Slaymaker

    This website hosts over fifty practice questions relating geophysics. Topics covered in these questions include gravity, earthquake waves and seismicity, Earth's structure, geochronology, anomalies, viscosity, and polar wandering.

  11. Question the Author

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2012-05-16

    This web page describes the comprehension strategy of Question the Author (QtA), a strategy in which students pose questions while reading nonfiction text. Students pose questions about the author's purpose in including certain phrases or forms of information while reading. Sample questions are provided in a three-step instructional sequence. References are included.

  12. Drawing on Questions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bloomgarden, Joan

    2000-01-01

    Examines observations and research on question-answer interaction between client and therapist, and teacher and student. Discusses Patton's six-question instrument which provides categories of question options, with application for the art therapist. Argues that effective formulation of questions provides the clinician, educator, and researcher…

  13. Closing Panel Question & Answer

    E-print Network

    Moore, Paul A.

    N E X T #12;Closing Panel Question & Answer REDDIN SYMPOSIUM XXI CANADIAN STUDIES"Unsecure"World Question and Answer Inuit Rights and Responsibilities in the Changing North Question & Answer Environmental to translate science into public policy. 1 #12;Closing Panel Question & Answer REDDIN SYMPOSIUM XXI CANADIAN

  14. Who Asks the Questions?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hervey, Sheena

    2006-01-01

    From a very young age, children actively strive to make sense of their world through constant questioning. The ability to ask questions comes naturally for young children, but such natural inclination does not continue because it teachers who ask most of the questions. Sheena Hervey suggests that teaching students how to pose questions is a…

  15. Any Questions, Please?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pollio, Howard R.

    1989-01-01

    This pamphlet discusses the use of questioning in the college classroom and its contribution to learning. Starting with a brief examination of the ways children question, discussions cover: (1) the effects of linguistic and socio-linguistic characteristics in questioning; (2) questions in psychotherapy, law, and opinion polling; (3) classroom…

  16. Questions in reference interviews

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marilyn Domas White

    1998-01-01

    This article characterises the questioning behaviour in reference interviews preceding delegated online searches of bibliographic databases and relates it to questioning behaviour in other types of interviews\\/settings. With one exception, the unit of analysis is the question (N=610), not the interview. The author uses A.C. Graesser‘s typology of questions to analyse type of question and M.D. White’s typology of information

  17. Developing a Scale on the Usage of Learner Control Strategy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kutlu, M. Oguz

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was to develop a Likert-like scale in order to measure teachers' usage level of learner control strategy. This study was carried out with 219 State primary school teachers who were class teachers, Turkish teachers, English teachers, Mathematics teachers, Science teachers, Social Sciences teachers, Religion and Moral teachers…

  18. Scales

    SciTech Connect

    Murray Gibson

    2007-04-27

    Musical scales involve notes that, sounded simultaneously (chords), sound good together. The result is the left brain meeting the right brain — a Pythagorean interval of overlapping notes. This synergy would suggest less difference between the working of the right brain and the left brain than common wisdom would dictate. The pleasing sound of harmony comes when two notes share a common harmonic, meaning that their frequencies are in simple integer ratios, such as 3/2 (G/C) or 5/4 (E/C).

  19. Development and evaluation of a regional, large-scale interprofessional collaborative care summit.

    PubMed

    Foote, Edward F; Clarke, Virginia; Szarek, John L; Waters, Sharon K; Walline, Vera; Shea, Diane; Goss, Sheryl; Farrell, Marian; Easton, Diana; Dunleavy, Erin; Arscott, Karen

    2015-01-01

    The Northeastern/Central Pennsylvania Interprofessional Education Coalition (NECPA IPEC) is a coalition of faculty from multiple smaller academic institutions with a mission to promote interprofessional education. An interprofessional learning program was organized, which involved 676 learners from 10 different institutions representing 16 unique professions, and took place at seven different institutions simultaneously. The program was a 3-hour long summit which focused on the management of a patient with ischemic stroke. A questionnaire consisting of the Interprofessional Education Perception Scale (IEPS) questionnaire (pre-post summit), Likert-type questions, and open comment questions explored the learners' perceptions of the session and their attitudes toward interprofessional learning. Responses were analyzed using descriptive statistics and statistical tests for difference and qualitative thematic coding. The attitude of learners toward interprofessional education (as measured by the IEPS) was quite high even prior to the summit, so there were no significant changes after the summit. However, a high percentage of learners and facilitators agreed that the summit met its objective and was effective. In addition, the thematic analysis of the open-ended questions confirmed that students learned from the experience with a sense of the core competencies of interprofessional education and practice. A collaborative approach to delivering interprofessional learning is time and work intensive but beneficial to learners. PMID:26046124

  20. The Development of an Objective Scale to Measure a Transpersonal Orientation to Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shapiro, Stewart B.; Fitzgerald, Louise F.

    1989-01-01

    A 40-item Likert scale, Transpersonal Orientation to Learning, was developed to investigate transpersonal (spiritual or mystical) orientation. The scale was validated via administration to 166 graduate students in education to determine their beliefs about the development of spiritual potential in learning environments. Satisfactory reliability…

  1. Determination of Reliability and Validity for Myself as a Teacher Scale.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Handley, Herbert M.; Thomson, James R., Jr.

    The reliability and validity of the Myself as a Teacher Scale (MTS), developed to assess the self-concept of teachers, were studied. Materials developed by David P. Butts and Robert Howe were used to construct a 62-item Likert-type scale asking individuals to rate themselves on certain criteria. After a pilot study with 92 preservice teachers and…

  2. An Item Response Theory Analysis of the Conners Teacher's Rating Scale.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gumpel, Thomas; Wilson, Mark; Shalev, Ruth

    1998-01-01

    A study involving 453 pairs of Israeli parents and teachers used an item response theory measurement model(IRT) to examine the 28-item Conners Teacher's Rating Scale (CTRS) for diagnosing attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. IRT analyses revealed structural inadequacies involving the inappropriateness of the 4-point Likert-type scale used by…

  3. Exam Question Exchange.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alexander, John J.

    1979-01-01

    Describes an exam question which challenges college freshmen, enrolled in chemistry, to derive temperature dependence of an equilibrium constant. The question requires cognitive response at the level of synthesis. (Author/SA)

  4. Formulating a Research Question

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Research Assistant (Danya International, Inc.)

    2003-08-12

    This tutorial discusses the conceptual development of a research goal, beginning with the formation of a research question. It also explains the links between a research question, specific aims, hypotheses, and long-term research goals.

  5. Using Socratic Questioning

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Dorothy Merritts

    Can it be, Ischomachus, that asking questions is teaching? I am just beginning to see what is behind all your questions. You lead me on by means of things I know, point to things that resemble them, and persuade ...

  6. Development and validation of the Personal Nostalgia Scale

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christopher Marchegiani; Ian Phau

    2011-01-01

    This research conducts five studies and uses 1185 respondents to develop and validate a six-item, seven-point Likert scale capable of measuring a personal nostalgia response to an advertisement. Traditional forms of scale development and a variety of experimental conditions are undertaken to develop and validate the scale. Statistical techniques include t-tests, correlation, regression, confirmatory factor analysis and a multitrait–multimethod matrix.

  7. Exam Question Exchange.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alexander, John J., Ed.

    1983-01-01

    Acceptable answers are provided for two chemistry questions. The first question is related to the prediction of the appearance of non-first-order proton nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra. The second question is related to extraterrestrial kinetic theory of gases. (JN)

  8. Student Questioning Educational Outreach

    E-print Network

    Petta, Jason

    of discussing why questioning is important, how research classes(like PUMA) differ from previous science classes still have about water filtration? What questions do you still have about Material Science? #12 average- 1.44 Question 3 average- .79 No lessons on Material Science, much information on water

  9. Improve Your Verbal Questioning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vogler, Kenneth E.

    2005-01-01

    Most teachers are well aware that verbal questioning can aid student learning. Asking questions can stimulate students to think about the content being studied; connect it to prior knowledge consider its meanings and implications; and explore its applications. A common problem with many teachers' use of verbal questioning is a lack of knowledge…

  10. Asking questions with focus

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Fang; Xu, Yi

    2001-05-01

    This study investigates how different interrogative meanings interact with focus in determining the overall F0 profile of a question. We recorded eight native speakers of Mandarin producing statements, yes-no questions with and without a question particle, wh questions, incredulous questions, and confirmation questions. In each sentence, either the initial, medial, final, or no word was focused. The tonal components of the sentences are all high, all rising, all low, or all falling. F0 contours were extracted by measuring every complete vocal period in the initial, medial, and final disyllabic words in each sentence. Preliminary results show that in both statements and questions, the pitch range of the focused words is expanded and that of the postfocus words suppressed (compressed and lowered). However, postfocus pitch-range suppression seems less extensive in questions than in statements, and in some question types than in others. Finally, an extra F0 rise is often observed in the final syllable of a question unless the syllable is the question particle which has the neutral tone. This is indicative of a high or rising boundary tone associated with the interrogative meaning, which seems to be superimposed on the tone of the sentence-final syllable. [Work supported by NIDCD DC03902.

  11. Relocation Frequently Asked Questions General Questions

    E-print Network

    Groppi, Christopher

    Lagoyda, New Mexico Operations Business Manager and Allen Lewis. Skip can be reached at 575 to acquaint you with the relocation processes at the NRAO. This collection of frequently asked questions (FAQs for additional guidance. Contacts Who is my contact for arranging a household relocation? For Green Bank

  12. Unpark Those Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ness, Molly

    2013-01-01

    Whenever Mr. Henderson's 3rd grade students had a question that he couldn't immediately answer or that seemed off-topic, he asked them to write the question on a sticky note and place it on a poster dubbed the "Parking Lot." His intention was to find time later to answer those questions, but too often, he said, the parking lot…

  13. Asking Effective Questions

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This 8-page monograph offers strategies for effective questioning that engages students and that deepens their conceptual understanding in mathematics. It suggests questions and prompts that help students progress through various stages of the problem solving process and that help teachers assess the thinking of students. The article describes the purposes of questions at different stages of a lesson and describes situations when it is appropriate to convey information to students. A list of references is included.

  14. Overview, Hard Problems, and Open Questions

    E-print Network

    Spirtes, Peter

    observations: ­ Big stuff is made of lots of little stuff, and features of big stuff are aggregates of features of little stuff · There are regularities among features of little stuff ­ When we manipulate features of big stuff we are manipulating many features of little stuff #12;Large-scale from Small-scale · Two questions

  15. The Development of Will Perception Scale and Practice in a Psycho-Education Program with Its Validity and Reliability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yener, Özen

    2014-01-01

    In this research, we aim to develop a 5-point likert scale and use it in an experimental application by performing its validity and reliability in order to measure the will perception of teenagers and adults. With this aim, firstly the items have been taken either in the same or changed way from various scales and an item pool including 61 items…

  16. Question #44 Free childcare

    E-print Network

    Holland, Jeffrey

    or were you a dependent or ward of the court?" Q: I am a single mom with one child and will get free day parents deceased, were you in foster care or were you a dependent or ward of the court?" Question #52 care or were you a dependent or ward of the court?" Question #53 Section 2 "As determined by a court

  17. 1 Great Question

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nethery, Carrie

    2011-01-01

    In this article, the author presents an ideal question that can take an art teacher and his or her students through all the levels of thought in Bloom's taxonomy--perfect for modeling the think-aloud process: "How many people is the artist inviting into this picture?" This great question always helps the students look beyond the obvious and dig…

  18. It's about the Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bearwald, Ronald R.

    2011-01-01

    The best coaching partnerships are built on conversation and listening, and they are not built on a coach giving answers to a mentee. Ronald Bearward explains how coaches can use questions to help mentees find answers for themselves. Effective questions lead to greater reflection and solutions that teachers can use now and in the future.

  19. Problem of Questioning

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2011-04-25

    Le Prof.Leprince-Ringuet, chercheur sur le plan scientifique, artistique et humain, parle de la remise en question des hommes et la remise en question scientifique fondamentale ou exemplaire- plusieurs personnes prennent la parole p.ex Jeanmairet, Adam, Gregory. Le Prof.Gregory clot la soirée en remerciant le Prof.Leprince-Ringuet

  20. University Of Missouri: Sample Interview Questions Creating Interview Questions

    E-print Network

    Taylor, Jerry

    University Of Missouri: Sample Interview Questions Creating Interview Questions Position Title of Missouri Page 1 #12;University Of Missouri: Sample Interview Questions Common Competencies and Behavioral. _______________________________________ List 10 Questions you will ask candidates that related to your competencies: 1

  1. Developing Environmental Sensitivity for Children Scale: Reliability and Validity Studies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Emin Atasoy

    This study a This study aims to develop an Environmental Sensitivity Scale for pupils aged between 9-15 who attend primary School. In an attempt to develop questionnaire items, the relevant literature has been reviewed, and the studies of the researchers of Environmental Science and Education have been investigated. In order to ensure the reliability of 90-item-Likert scale which has been

  2. The Development of the Child Psychotherapy Process Scales (CPPS)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ana Estrada; Robert Russell

    1999-01-01

    This article presents the development of a new measure to describe and evaluate the process of child psychotherapy. Consisting of 15 child and 18 therapist items in five-point Likert-type format, the Child Psychotherapy Process Scales (CPPS) were modeled after widely used adult process scales. Three raters reliably scored 105 twenty-minute segments of child psychotherapy using the 33 items. Principal component

  3. ASKING AND ANSWERING QUESTIONS Guidelines for Asking Good Questions

    E-print Network

    Wagner, Diane

    ASKING AND ANSWERING QUESTIONS Guidelines for Asking Good Questions: A good, substantive question are addressing. Providing this context helps both the person who is answering the question and helps the rest of the audience understand what you are talking about. #12;Guidelines for Answering Questions: Question and answer

  4. Knowledge and question asking.

    PubMed

    Ibáńez Molinero, Rafael; García-Madruga, Juan Antonio

    2011-02-01

    The ability and the motivation for question asking are, or should be, some of the most important aims of education. Unfortunately, students neither ask many questions, nor good ones. The present paper is about the capacity of secondary school pupils for asking questions and how this activity depends on prior knowledge. To examine this, we use texts containing different levels of information about a specific topic: biodiversity. We found a positive relationship between the amount of information provided and the number of questions asked about the texts, supporting the idea that more knowledgeable people ask more questions. Some students were warned that there would be an exam after the reading, and this led to a diminishing number of questions asked, and yet this still did not significantly improve their exam scores. In such a case, it seems that reading was more concerned with immediacy, hindering critical thinking and the dialog between their previous ideas and the new information. Thus, question asking seems to be influenced not only by the amount of knowledge, but also by the reader's attitude towards the information. PMID:21266138

  5. The Challenge Question

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    VU Bioengineering RET Program, School of Engineering,

    Students are introduced to the "Walk the Line" challenge question. They write journal responses to the question and brainstorm what information they need to answer the question. Ideas are shared with the class (or in pairs and then to the class, if class size is large). Then students read an interview with an engineer to gain a professional perspective on linear data sets and best-fit lines. Students brainstorm for additional ideas and add them to the list. With the teacher's guidance, students organize the ideas into logical categories of needed knowledge.

  6. The Driving Question Board

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Ayelet Weizman

    2008-11-01

    "It was helpful to keep track of questions we had at the beginning so we knew what we were trying to find out." With these words, a student described the value of using a Driving Question Board (DQB) in a project-based science (PBS) unit. This instructional tool is designed to support inquiry and project-based learning by organizing and focusing students' questions and linking them to content learning goals. The authors have used this tool in both physics and chemistry classes, but it can be used with any subject matter. This article describes the purpose and process of DQB.

  7. An evaluation of functional variables affecting severe problem behaviors in adults with mental retardation by using the Questions About Behavioral Function Scale (QABF) 1 1 This study was conducted in collaboration with Pinecrest Developmental Center, Pineville, Louisiana. The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the administration and staff of Pinecrest Developmental Center

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Heather Applegate; Johnny L Matson; Katie E Cherry

    1999-01-01

    We examined the functions of five severe problem behaviors in a sample of 417 institutionalized persons with mental retardation by using the Questions About Behavior Function Scale. The behaviors we examined included self-injurious behavior, aggression, stereotypies, pica, and rumination. The most common function for all behaviors except aggression was nonsocial. Aggression, however, was maintained by external environmental contingencies. Particular items

  8. Asking gender questions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pritchard, Jonathan; Masters, Karen; Allen, James; Contenta, Filippo; Huckvale, Leo; Wilkins, Stephen; Zocchi, Alice

    2014-12-01

    Jonathan Pritchard, Karen Masters, James Allen, Filippo Contenta, Leo Huckvale, Stephen Wilkins and Alice Zocchi report on a survey of the gender of astronomers attending and asking questions at this year's UK National Astronomy Meeting.

  9. Questions about Biological Parents

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Espańol Text Size Email Print Share Questions About Biological Parents Article Body As you raise your adopted ... to her life—the fact that she has biological parents elsewhere—that may make it necessary for ...

  10. Cho, Hearn — Provocative Questions

    Cancer.gov

    This is an important question - many cancers such as multiple myeloma are characterized by genomic instability, with new cytogenetic abnormalities, deletions or mutations, and other genetic changes detected as disease progresses.

  11. Endocrine System Clicker Questions

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    DDS/DO Elizabeth J Kavran (Ursuline College Biology)

    2009-05-01

    This is a set of clicker questions designed for first year nursing students in an Anatomy and Physiology course, used during the endocrine system. It can also be used for an undergraduate Physiology course.

  12. Provocative Questions Workshop

    Cancer.gov

    Provocative Questions Workshop August 2, 2011 UCLA Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center Los Angeles, California Final Participant List Chair Edward Harlow, Ph.D Chair Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology Harvard Medical

  13. Redefining the Fundamental Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crain, Margaret Ann

    2006-01-01

    Every researcher must make some fundamental questions. A researcher's questions should include the following: (1) What is the nature of the reality that I wish to study? (2) How will I know it? (3) What must I do to know it? (4) Who am I? (5) Where is God in this? and (6) For religious educators--How does my research lead to a world of peace and…

  14. Evaluation of Social Cognitive Scaling Response Options in the Physical Activity Domain

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rhodes, Ryan E.; Matheson, Deborah Hunt; Mark, Rachel

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare the reliability, variability, and predictive validity of two common scaling response formats (semantic differential, Likert-type) and two numbers of response options (5-point, 7-point) in the physical activity domain. Constructs of the theory of planned behavior were chosen in this analysis based on its…

  15. In Search of the Optimal Number of Response Categories in a Rating Scale

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Jihyun; Paek, Insu

    2014-01-01

    Likert-type rating scales are still the most widely used method when measuring psychoeducational constructs. The present study investigates a long-standing issue of identifying the optimal number of response categories. A special emphasis is given to categorical data, which were generated by the Item Response Theory (IRT) Graded-Response Modeling…

  16. To Question or Not to Question: That Seems to Be the Question.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bradtmueller, Weldon G.; Egan, James B.

    Research on the effects of questioning in the classroom has explored the placement, timing, type, and social impact of questions. Principles of good questioning include the following: (1) well-stated questions should be concise, clear, and complete; (2) questions should be topical in nature, requiring a complex answer; (3) yes or no questions

  17. Finding similar questions in large question and answer archives

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jiwoon Jeon; Joon Ho Lee

    2005-01-01

    There has recently been a significant increase in the number of community-based question and answer services on the Web where people answer other peoples' questions. These services rapidly build up large archives of questions and answers, and these archives are a valuable linguistic resource. One of the major tasks in a question and answer service is to find questions in

  18. Activity Scale.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kerpelman, Larry C.; Weiner, Michael J.

    This twenty-four item scale assesses students' actual and desired political-social activism in terms of physical participation, communication activities, and information-gathering activities. About ten minutes are required to complete the instrument. The scale is divided into two subscales. The first twelve items (ACT-A) question respondents on…

  19. Copyright Some Key Questions

    E-print Network

    Ollivier-Gooch, Carl

    #12;#12;Copyright Matters! Some Key Questions and Answers for Teachers 2nd Edition, 2005 From the Authors The authors of Copyright Matters! are pleased to offer teachers this revised edition. It replaces the first edition published in 2000. Many changes have occurred in the area of copyright since that original

  20. Cosmic Questions Educator's Guide

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2006-01-01

    This educator's guide contains activities relating to the Cosmic Questions national traveling exhibit's theme, our place in space and time-and information about the exhibit. Although the guide complements a museum visit, activities can be used independently from the exhibit.

  1. Asking the Right Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lord, Rob

    2011-01-01

    As a student teacher at Nottingham Trent University, the author explored the issues surrounding children asking investigable questions in science and the repertoire of strategies that could be employed by teachers in the classroom to support this process. His project was carried out in an inner-city primary school in Nottingham. The four focus…

  2. De, Abhijit — Provocative Questions

    Cancer.gov

    Looking at cell to cell differences within a tumor bed, contributed by either DNA mutations, epigenetic or post-translational modifications (PTM) or miRNA mediated control switches or even a combination of all these, the question rise how to best design a personalized drug trial?

  3. Any Questions? Please contact

    E-print Network

    Rubin, Yoram

    ! To Donate To purchase a package and/or item(s), email Jessica Tran at jesstran@berkeley.edu and includeAny Questions? Please contact Name: Jessica Tran Phone Number: 805-587-7753 Email: jesstran Competition Team Cal's Seismic Team educates students on earthquakedesign of high rise buildings. Students

  4. Name: Link Question

    E-print Network

    Goldman, Steven A.

    Name: Link Question: In patients with periodontal disease requiring dentures, what is the prognosis for the abutment teeth? Bottom Line: Some studies indicate that teeth with periodontal disease in periodontal disease when teeth are used as abutments in RPDs, however more studies are needed. PICO

  5. EFFECTIVELY ADDRESSING CONSUMER QUESTIONS

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Answering consumer questions can be one of the toughest aspects of working in the egg industry. Consumers enjoy being informed about the products they purchase. The increased use of the internet by consumers can prove problematic due to the wealth of inaccurate information available on the interne...

  6. Eight Questions about Corruption

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jakob Svensson

    2005-01-01

    This paper will discuss eight frequently asked questions about public corruption: (1) what is corruption; (2) which countries are the most corrupt; (3) what are the common characteristics of countries with high corruption; (4) what is the magnitude of corruption; (5) do higher wages for bureaucrats reduce corruption; (6) can competition reduce corruption;( 7) why have there been so few

  7. The Compensation Question

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richwine, Jason; Biggs, Andrew; Mishel, Lawrence; Roy, Joydeep

    2012-01-01

    Over the past few years, as cash-strapped states and school districts have faced tough budget decisions, spending on teacher compensation has come under the microscope. The underlying question is whether, when you take everything into account, today's teachers are fairly paid, underpaid, or overpaid. In this forum, two pairs of respected…

  8. QUESTIONS ABOUT GLOBAL WARMING

    E-print Network

    QUESTIONS ABOUT GLOBAL WARMING ĄIS IT REAL? ĄIS IT IMPORTANT? ĄWHAT IS IT DUE TO? ĄHOW MUCH MORE in the atmosphere, giving Earth its temperate climate. Global Atmosphere, Global Warming GLOBAL TEMPERATURE TRENDŐt a cure for global warming! Aerosols only last a short while in the atmosphere, they would have

  9. Researching Classroom Questioning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lores Gonzalez, Adriana

    2010-01-01

    The complexities of the modern society and interconnected world in which we live requires students who are able to problem solve and think critically. The research on which this article is based aims to explore how classroom questioning can help students guide their learning and model the spirit of inquiry to become lifelong learners. The research…

  10. Exam Question Exchange.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alexander, John J., Ed.

    1978-01-01

    Two exam questions are presented. One suitable for advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate courses in organic chemistry, is on equivalent expressions for the description of several pericyclic reactions. The second, for general chemistry students, asks for an estimation of the rate of decay of a million-year-old Uranium-238 sample. (BB)

  11. An Ethics Primer: Ethical Questions

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2008-01-01

    This resource is a PDF that provides a short introduction to ethical questions and strategies having to do with Ethics instruction. The PDF describes an overview of ethical questions and develops student understanding of ethical questions through three different worksheets.

  12. Adaptive Question Asking for Population Health Monitoring

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Barry Sanders; Richard Berlin; Bruce Schatz

    How can population health monitoring be implemented by national information infrastructure? Internet information portals touch millions of persons daily. To manage chronic illness, health must be measured at sufficient resolution to account for all lifestyle factors. Quality of life questionnaires could scale to the volume, if computer administered, but not to the resolution. The missing technology is adaptive question asking,

  13. Multitrait-Multimethod Analyses of Three Self-Concept Scales: Testing Equivalencies of Construct Validity across ability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Byrne, Barbara M.

    The construct validity of four self-concept (SC) traits (general SC, academic SC, English SC, mathematics SC), as measured by three different scales (Likert, semantic differential, Guttman) for low- (n=252) and high-track (n=588) Canadian high school students, was assessed using both the Campbell-Fiske criteria, and a comparison of hierarchically…

  14. [Topical questions of psychiatric ethics].

    PubMed

    Kovács, József

    2015-01-01

    The article analyzes some ethical problems in psychiatry that have been emerging in recent years. It deals with the ongoing intensive debates about the DSM-5 before its publication, and with some of the criticisms of the DSM-5 itself. Then it goes on to analyze the use of placebo. This is followed by the ethical problems of the treatment of ADHD with stimulant drugs, among which one is the question of authenticity, namely whether the pre-treatment or the post-treatment personality is the real, authentic self of the patient. This question has been raised not only in the case of the ADHD, but also in relation with the antidepressant treatment of depression earlier, and in relation with deep brain stimulation and dopamine replacement therapy now, all of which causes changes in the treated patient's personality and motivations. Finally the article describes some ethical problems of informed consent in the case of antidepressant medication, together with the necessity to involve psychiatric nurses and rating scales in the assessment of the patient's decision making capacity. PMID:25867886

  15. Open questions in classical gravity

    SciTech Connect

    Mannheim, P.D. (Univ. of Connecticut, Storrs, CT (United States))

    1994-04-01

    In this work, the authors discuss some outstanding open questions regarding the validity and uniqueness of the standard second-order Newton-Einstein classical gravitational theory. On the observational side the authors discuss the degree to which the realm of validity of Newton's law of gravity can actually be extended to distances much larger than the solar system distance scales on which the law was originally established. On the theoretical side the authors identify some commonly accepted (but actually still open to question) assumptions which go into the formulation of the standard second-order Einstein theory in the first place. In particular, it is shown that while the familiar second-order Poisson gravitational equation (and accordingly its second-order covariant Einstein generalization) may be sufficient to yield Newton's law of gravity they are not in fact necessary. The standard theory thus still awaits the identification of some principle which would then make it necessary too. It is shown that current observational information does not exclusively mandate the standard theory, and that the conformal invariant fourth-order theory of gravity considered recently by Mannheim and Kazanas is also able to meet the constraints of data, and in fact to do so without the need for any so far unobserved nonluminous or dark matter. 37 refs., 7 figs.

  16. Living in the question.

    PubMed

    Flower, J

    1999-01-01

    We live in a fast moving-world. Business has accelerated to breathtaking speeds in the 1990s--and in the last few years the afterburner has really kicked in. The speed of change is overwhelming. Especially in health care, who has time to "live in the question?" We need to decide things quickly, get the decision out of the way, and move on, right? Maybe. Biology shows us that you can't plan ahead very far. New things come along that you don't even have a category for, and therefore you don't even see them. Things are going to happen that you literally have no notion are even possible. The key to succeeding in this environment? Don't plan ahead. Stay curious. Make small bets. Build organizational hothouses. Feed the seedlings that grow. The challenge is to remain curious, to live in the question, both personally and organizationally. PMID:10557490

  17. The "Looting Question" Bibliography

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Provocatively subtitled "Web and Literary Resources on the Archaeological Politics of Private Collecting, Commercial Treasure Hunting, Looting, and 'Professional' Archaeology," this comprehensive online bibliography provides scholars and practitioners with resources related to the "looting question." The bibliography is organized by format type and focuses on North American materials. Hugh Jarvis, a doctoral candidate in Anthropology as well as a graduate student in Information and Library Studies at the State University of New York (SUNY) at Buffalo, has compiled this unique, frequently updated resource.

  18. Poultry Processing: Questions & Answers

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Administrative Forms Standard Forms Skip Navigation Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H1 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... / Topics / ... A / Poultry Processing: Questions and Answers Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H3 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... Z7_ ...

  19. Automatically Classifying Question Types for Consumer Health Questions

    PubMed Central

    Roberts, Kirk; Kilicoglu, Halil; Fiszman, Marcelo; Demner-Fushman, Dina

    2014-01-01

    We present a method for automatically classifying consumer health questions. Our thirteen question types are designed to aid in the automatic retrieval of medical answers from consumer health resources. To our knowledge, this is the first machine learning-based method specifically for classifying consumer health questions. We demonstrate how previous approaches to medical question classification are insufficient to achieve high accuracy on this task. Additionally, we describe, manually annotate, and automatically classify three important question elements that improve question classification over previous techniques. Our results and analysis illustrate the difficulty of the task and the future directions that are necessary to achieve high-performing consumer health question classification. PMID:25954411

  20. The competency question.

    PubMed

    Ruthemeyer, M

    2000-01-01

    JCAHO mandates "processes that are designed to ensure that the competency of all staff members is assessed, maintained, demonstrated, and improved on an ongoing basis." However, it is difficult to collect aggregate data regarding staff competency patterns and trends. How many facilities have the time or energy to collect aggregate data, let alone statistically analyze it for patterns and trends? Not many in today's environment. I saw the need to create a test to evaluate staff competency at my facility, but soon realized I would have no way of knowing if the results were good or bad. The only way to judge the results would be to have a standardized test that was used by multiple facilities. As president of the Houston X-ray Quality Society, I brought the topic up at a meeting in 1995, and a committee was set up to work on the test. The result is two competency tests--one for staff radiographers and one for mammographers--which are currently used by 35 to 40 facilities, with approximately 1,000 technologists taking the test each year. The tests include practical questions that reflect the knowledge required to perform daily exams. Each test has five sections that assess different areas of competency. The scoring system allows technologists to fail one or more individual sections but still pass the test overall. Twenty to 30 percent of the questions are new each year. That gives us the ability to look for improvement on previous year's questions, and at the same time, avoid producing a static and ineffective test. There are 60 questions on the staff radiographer test and 65 questions on the mammographer test, which also includes clinical images. Facilities must sign an agreement that states that they cannot use the test as a disciplinary tool in the employee's evaluation, or in any other way against the technologist. As a profession, radiology administration not only has regulatory requirements to evaluate competency, but also a moral duty to insure that patients receive the best possible care. We should not cover up or ignore the blemishes that we all know exist. Instead, we should take them on, as professional and personal challenges to improve the competency of our staff. PMID:11151318

  1. Improving Multiple-Choice Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Torres, Cristina; Lopes, Ana Paula; Babo, Lurdes; Azevedo, Jose

    2011-01-01

    A MC (multiple-choice) question can be defined as a question in which students are asked to select one alternative from a given set of alternatives in response to a question stem. The objective of this paper is to analyse if MC questions may be considered as an interesting alternative for assessing knowledge, particularly in the mathematics area,…

  2. Questioning and Experimentation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mutanen, Arto

    2014-08-01

    The paper is a philosophical analysis of experimentation. The philosophical framework of the analysis is the interrogative model of inquiry developed by Hintikka. The basis of the model is explicit and well-formed logic of questions and answers. The framework allows us to formulate a flexible logic of experimentation. In particular, the formulated model can be interpreted realistically. Moreover, the model demonstrates an explicit logic of knowledge acquisition. So, the natural extension of the model is to apply it to an analysis of the learning process.

  3. Measuring attitude toward Judaism: The internal consistency reliability of the Katz–Francis Scale of Attitude toward Judaism

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Leslie J. Francis; Y. J. Katz

    2007-01-01

    This paper describes and discusses the development and empirical properties of the 24-item Likert-type Katz–Francis Scale of Attitude toward Judaism. The scale is designed to facilitate inter-faith comparisons within the psychology of religion alongside the well-established Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity. Data are provided from a sample of 618 Hebrew-speaking undergraduate students attending Bar-Ilan University. The findings confirm the

  4. Fire Detection Organizing Questions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    Verified models of fire precursor transport in low and partial gravity: a. Development of models for large-scale transport in reduced gravity. b. Validated CFD simulations of transport of fire precursors. c. Evaluation of the effect of scale on transport and reduced gravity fires. Advanced fire detection system for gaseous and particulate pre-fire and fire signaturesa: a. Quantification of pre-fire pyrolysis products in microgravity. b. Suite of gas and particulate sensors. c. Reduced gravity evaluation of candidate detector technologies. d. Reduced gravity verification of advanced fire detection system. e. Validated database of fire and pre-fire signatures in low and partial gravity.

  5. Sexual Self-Concept and Sexually Abused Males: Early Data on the Development of a Scale

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jozef Wawrzyniec Spychala Spiegel

    2008-01-01

    This article describes the early development and psychometric piloting of the Sexual Self-Concept Scale for Sexually Abused Males, a one-dimensional measure assessing the gender-based self-perceptions of males with histories of childhood sexual abuse (CSA). A sample of 459 males with histories of CSA completed a demographic survey and responded to a pool of items using a Likert-type scale. Strong and

  6. Development of a scale to measure attitude toward the condom as a method of birth control

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Idalyn S. Brown

    1984-01-01

    The Attitude Toward Condoms Scale (ATC) was developed as an assessment instrument for use in research directed toward promotion of barrier methods of contraception. The resulting 40?item, Likert?type scale was found to have an internal consistency reliability coefficient of .93, with an average inter?item correlation of .24. It is comprised of five major factors, accounting for 45% of the total

  7. Improving Question Retrieval in Community Question Answering with Label Ranking

    E-print Network

    Greenberg, Albert

    Improving Question Retrieval in Community Question Answering with Label Ranking Wei Wang, Baichuan Li Department of Computer Science and Engineering The Chinese University of Hong Kong Shatin, N@research.att.com Abstract-- Community question answering services (CQA), which provides a platform for people with diverse

  8. Internal Audit RFP 2013 Questions and Answers Question set 1

    E-print Network

    Heller, Barbara

    ;Internal Audit RFP 2013 ­ Questions and Answers b. High risk areas · Accounts Payable · Accounts Receivable) for the fiscal 2013 Internal Audit Plan? We will establish our own estimates based upon our risk assessmentInternal Audit RFP 2013 ­ Questions and Answers Question set 1: 1. What do you like about your

  9. Gallery Walk Questions about Coastlines

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    created by Mark Francek, Central Michigan University The following are potential questions that could be used in a gallery walk activity about coastlines. The questions are organized according to the cognitive ...

  10. Gallery Walk Questions about Volcanism

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    created by Mark Francek, Central Michigan University The following are potential questions that could be used in a gallery walk activity about volcanism. The questions are organized according to the cognitive ...

  11. Gallery Walk Questions about Glaciers

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    created by Mark Francek, Central Michigan University The following are potential questions that could be used in a gallery walk activity about glaciers. The questions are organized according to the cognitive level ...

  12. Gallery Walk Questions on Karst

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    created by Mark Francek, Central Michigan University The following are potential questions that could be used in a gallery walk activity about karst. The questions are organized according to the cognitive level at ...

  13. Global Warming: Questions and Answers

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Back to Example Detailed Example of Using Socratic Questioning in Class This sample of plausible questions and responses is designed to help guide the instructor through a Socratic lesson. It will help instructors ...

  14. Question of the Day Examples

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Refine the Results Biosphere 2 matches Climate 2 matches Earth surface 1 match Ocean 4 matches Solid Earth 2 matches Results 1 - 10 of 11 matches Question of the Day: Efficiency of Food Production part of Question ...

  15. THE SCIENCE OF ASKING QUESTIONS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nora Cate Schaeffer; Stanley Presser

    2003-01-01

    ? Abstract Survey methodologists have drawn on and contributed to research by cognitive psychologists, conversation analysts, and others to lay a foundation for the science of asking questions. Our discussion of this work is structured around the decisions that must be made for two common types of inquiries: questions about events or behaviors and questions that ask for evaluations or

  16. Questions for Music Education Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jorgensen, Estelle R.

    2008-01-01

    In addressing the question-set "What questions do music education researchers need to address?", an illustrative list of juxtaposed descriptive and normative questions is sketched as follows: What are and should be the dimensions of music education? What are and should be the institutional agencies of music education? What are and should be the…

  17. Questions Parents Ask about Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Opinion Research Center, Chicago, IL.

    This guide presents questions that parents frequently ask about their children's school, along with answers to those questions. The questions and answers were prepared based on the results of studies conducted by the Partnership for Family Involvement in Education, the U.S. Department of Education, the GTE Foundation, and by the National Center…

  18. Sample Exam questions Advanced Databases

    E-print Network

    Thomas, Richard C.

    Sample Exam questions CITS4243 Advanced Databases #12;Things to remember · You should follow understanding. #12;Some sample questions · Explain the structure of a data warehouse and how a data warehouse sample questions · Explain clearly the major steps of decision tree induction. · Why is naive Bayesian

  19. Improving your IQ -- Intelligent Questioning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kassner, Kirk

    1998-01-01

    Stresses the importance for teachers to analyze their Intelligent Questioning (IQ) and Responding to Answers (RSA) scores. Provides three methods for measuring IQ and RSA: Flowchart for Asking Effective Questions, Questioning Observation form, and Flanders Technique of Interaction Analysis. Contends that by improving these teaching skills,…

  20. The Question The Standard Construction

    E-print Network

    Raghavan, Dilip

    The Question The Standard Construction The ZFC construction Bibliography Solution to a Problem Construction The ZFC construction Bibliography Outline 1 The Question 2 The Standard Construction 3 The ZFC construction Dilip Raghavan Solution to a Problem of Van Douwen #12;The Question The Standard Construction

  1. Questioning as a teaching tool.

    PubMed

    Long, Michele; Blankenburg, Rebecca; Butani, Lavjay

    2015-03-01

    The Dreyfus and Bloom frameworks can help the great clinical teacher craft questions that are learner-centric and appropriately challenging.Employing strategies to ask the right questions in the right way can further add to the effectiveness of using questions as a valuable teaching,learning, and assessment tool. PMID:25647682

  2. Frontline: The Torture Question

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2005-01-01

    Experts and pundits continue to debate the myriad of strategies deployed by the United States in the effort to combat terrorism around the world and internally. The Frontline program on PBS has created this website to complement a special edition of their show. This show focused on the question of whether torture is a viable way to obtain effective results in combating terrorism. Visitors can dive right in by watching the program in its entirety, or they may also wish to visit one of the sections providing supplementary information. One particularly compelling area is the section that provides information on how the current administration of President George W. Bush has created a protocol for conducting such investigations. Another very useful section is titled â??Behind the Wireâ?ť and offers visitors an inside look into the U.S. Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay in Cuba. Perhaps the most moving and intense portion of the site is the discussion section, where visitors can leave feedback and read the impassioned opinions of others who have seen the program.

  3. Questioning Our Questions: Assessing Question Asking Practices to Evaluate a yPAR Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grace, Sarah; Langhout, Regina Day

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to examine question asking practices in a youth participatory action research (yPAR) after school program housed at an elementary school. The research question was: In which ways did the adult question asking practices in a yPAR setting challenge and/or reproduce conventional models of power in educational…

  4. A question of authority

    SciTech Connect

    Morgan, Earl W.(BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)) [BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)

    2003-10-15

    A Question of Authority. This article deals with a certain scenario and several reviewers are to give their opinion. This one is in regards to - Suspending an IACUC approved animal use activity is about the last thing a research institution wants to do. Consider the predicament that the Great Eastern University IACUC faced when Dr. Janet Jenkins, the Attending Veterinarian, suspended all animal use activity on an approved protocol of Dr. Roy Maslo. Jenkins had the IACUCs authority to temporarily suspend a protocol, subject to review by a quorum of the full committee. She alleged that Maslo used mice from his breeding colony, not purchased rats, to begin a new study. Jenkins saw Maslos technicians bringing mouse cages to a procedure room and setting up for a minor survival surgery. She asked them to wait until she clarified things as she felt confident that the protocol called for rats. She called Maslo and asked him if the study had been approved for mice, to which he responded affirmatively. Still not feeling quite assured, she went to her office, reviewed the protocol, and found only rat studies described. She also called the IACUC office to see if there were any approved amendments which she may not have received, and was told that there were none. By the time she returned, one procedure was completed. Understandably upset, she informed the technicians and Maslo that any further activity on the protocol was suspended until the issue was resolved. Jenkins informed the IACUC chairman who in turned called an emergency meeting of the committee.

  5. A question of character.

    PubMed

    Wetlaufer, S

    1999-01-01

    For the most part, Glamor-a-Go-Go's board has been thrilled with CEO Joe Ryan's performance. Ryan, after all, had transformed the private-label cosmetics company into a retail powerhouse with flashy outlets from New York to Los Angeles. In addition to saving the company from bankruptcy shortly after his arrival in 1992, Ryan had made Glamor-a-Go-Go a fun and exciting place to work, increasing workers' wages and creating boundless opportunities for anyone willing to work hard and think out of the box. He had also brought more women and people of color on board. And he had made many employees wealthy, with generous stock giveaways and options for the most senior employees down to the most junior. Glamor-a-Go-Go's stock price had grown tenfold during Ryan's tenure. But Ryan's personal affairs were beginning to call into question his leadership abilities. The local paper's gossip column recently ran a photo of Ryan--a married man--leaving a gala event with a beautiful young woman from the company, with the headline "Who's That Girl?" Indeed, rumors about Ryan's philandering were starting to take on a harsher edge. Some people believed his secretary left because Ryan had sexually harassed her. Others believed a mail-room employee had been promoted to factory supervisor because of her affair with the CEO. Having warned Ryan several times about his alleged infidelities, the board is stuck. What should it do about Ryan's extracurricular behavior? Does Ryan's personal behavior even affect the company? Is what Ryan does outside the office the board's concern? Six commentators weigh in. PMID:10621266

  6. Integrated Exams System CMS Exam Questions CMS: Exam Questions

    E-print Network

    Sussex, University of

    8.0 View Exam Marks 9.0 Problems 10.0 Appendices 10.1 Web reports 1.0 Overview The CMS: ExamIntegrated Exams System ­ CMS Exam Questions CMS: Exam Questions Author: Colin Clark 6 th April.2 Record Marks by Question 4.3 Record Marks by Candidate 5.0 Conflation 6.0 Confirmation 7.0 Send to Exams

  7. The Geography of Virtual Questioning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mon, Lorri; Bishop, Bradley Wade; McClure, Charles R.; McGilvray, Jessica; Most, Linda; Milas, Theodore Patrick; Snead, John T.

    2009-01-01

    This article explores the geography of virtual questioning by using geographic information systems to study activity within the Florida Electronic Library "Ask a Librarian" collaborative chat service. Researchers mapped participating libraries throughout the state of Florida that served as virtual "entry portals" for users as they asked questions

  8. Frequently Asked Questions in Cosmology

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Wright, Edward

    This web page, created by Edward L. Wright of the University of California, Los Angeles, provides answers to common questions regarding cosmology. Questions include the Universe's age, its origin, its fate, and its physical properties. It is part of an in depth cosmology tutorial covering some of the history of scientific cosmology, observations, curvature, inflation, and the age of the universe.

  9. Asking Questions, All the Time

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Jessica Fries-Gaither

    The ability to ask and answer questions while reading is essential to comprehension. This article discusses instructional strategies used to teach questioning and provides many online resources. The article appears in the free, online magazine Beyond Weather and the Water Cycle, which explores the seven essential principles of the climate sciences for teachers in k-grade 5 classrooms.

  10. Questions Dog Design of Tests

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gewertz, Catherine

    2012-01-01

    On the verge of signing a contract to help design assessments for the common standards, ACT Inc. has withdrawn from the project amid conflict-of-interest questions sparked by its own development of a similar suite of tests. Even though it involves only a small subcontract, the move by the Iowa-based test-maker, and the questions from the state…

  11. Test Pool Questions, Area III.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sloan, Jamee Reid

    This manual contains multiple choice questions to be used in testing students on nurse training objectives. Each test includes several questions covering each concept. The concepts in section A, medical surgical nursing, are diseases of the following systems: musculoskeletal; central nervous; cardiovascular; gastrointestinal; urinary and male…

  12. Communicator credibility compartmentalized: a functional approach to comparative validation of four unidimensional attitude scaling techniques

    E-print Network

    Hampton, Ralph Clinton

    1972-01-01

    . It has long been recognized that reliability is a necessary condition for validity; however, it is not a sufficient condition. Several investigators (Banta, 1961; Barclay & Weaver, 1962; Edwards & Kenney, 1946; Eysenck & Crown, 1949; Ferguson, 1941..., the most conservative of estimates. By reporting different types of re- liability coefficients, Edwards and Kennery biased their comparison in favor of the Likert scales. Although not expressly designed for comparative purposes, a study by Eysenck...

  13. The Value Question in Metaphysics

    PubMed Central

    Kahane, Guy

    2012-01-01

    Much seems to be at stake in metaphysical questions about, for example, God, free will or morality. One thing that could be at stake is the value of the universe we inhabit—how good or bad it is. We can think of competing philosophical positions as describing possibilities, ways the world might turn out to be, and to which value can be assigned. When, for example, people hope that God exists, or fear that we do not possess free will, they express attitudes towards these possibilities, attitudes that presuppose answers to questions about their comparative value. My aim in this paper is to distinguish these evaluative questions from related questions with which they can be confused, to identify structural constraints on their proper pursuit, and to address objections to their very coherence. Answers to such evaluative questions offer one measure of the importance of philosophical disputes. PMID:23024399

  14. Questioning ORACLE: An Assessment of ORACLE's Analysis of Teachers' Questions and [A Comment on "Questioning ORACLE"].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scarth, John; And Others

    1986-01-01

    Analysis of teachers' questions, part of the ORACLE (Observation Research and Classroom Learning Evaluation) project research, is examined in detail. Scarth and Hammersley argue that the rules ORACLE uses for identifying different types of questions involve levels of ambiguity and inference that threaten reliability and validity of the study's…

  15. Phrasal Paraphrase Based Question Reformulation for Archived Question Retrieval

    PubMed Central

    Lu, Ke; Ji, Rongrong; Wang, Fanglin; Liu, Ting

    2013-01-01

    Lexical gap in cQA search, resulted by the variability of languages, has been recognized as an important and widespread phenomenon. To address the problem, this paper presents a question reformulation scheme to enhance the question retrieval model by fully exploring the intelligence of paraphrase in phrase-level. It compensates for the existing paraphrasing research in a suitable granularity, which either falls into fine-grained lexical-level or coarse-grained sentence-level. Given a question in natural language, our scheme first detects the involved key-phrases by jointly integrating the corpus-dependent knowledge and question-aware cues. Next, it automatically extracts the paraphrases for each identified key-phrase utilizing multiple online translation engines, and then selects the most relevant reformulations from a large group of question rewrites, which is formed by full permutation and combination of the generated paraphrases. Extensive evaluations on a real world data set demonstrate that our model is able to characterize the complex questions and achieves promising performance as compared to the state-of-the-art methods. PMID:23805178

  16. TryEngineering: A Question of Balance

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This is a lesson plan that explores the use of weight scales and measurement by manufacturing engineers, developed to help teachers integrate engineering practices in the secondary classroom. Students will work in teams to plan and design a packaging system that generates consistent packages of marbles or paper clips. The driving question of the lesson: How do manufacturing engineers develop systems to create consistent products that are uniform in weight or count? This collection is part of TryEngineering.org, a website maintained by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).

  17. Answering Questions About Underage Drinking

    MedlinePLUS

    ... problem? Despite the law, the statistics, and the science, some people still think teen drinking is not a serious problem. Here are some of the more common questions and assertions you may hear from neighbors and ...

  18. Six Questions on Complex Systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Symons, John F.; Sanayei, Ali

    2011-09-01

    This paper includes an interview with John F. Symons regarding some important questions in "complex systems" and "complexity". In addition, he has stated some important open problems concerning complex systems in his research area from a philosophical point of view.

  19. Interview Questions with Bentham Scientific

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mather, John C.

    2013-01-01

    John Mather answers questions for an interview for the Bentham Science Newsletter. He covers topics ranging from his childhood, his professional career and his thoughts on research, technology and today's scientists and engineers.

  20. Questions Students Ask: Beta Decay.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koss, Jordan; Hartt, Kenneth

    1988-01-01

    Answers a student's question about the emission of a positron from a nucleus. Discusses the problem from the aspects of the uncertainty principle, beta decay, the Fermi Theory, and modern physics. (YP)

  1. Winter Weather Frequently Asked Questions

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Health Matters What's New Preparation & Planning Disasters & Severe Weather Earthquakes Extreme Heat Floods Hurricanes Landslides Tornadoes Tsunamis ... Weather Information on Specific Types of Emergencies Winter Weather Frequently Asked Questions Language: English Espańol (Spanish) Recommend ...

  2. OSHA Frequently Asked Questions: HAZWOPER

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This OSHA web page provides answers to many of the more common questions regarding the Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response (HAZWOPER) regulation. Many of the answers provided are regarding the HAZWOPER training requirements.

  3. Automatic Generation of Trivia Questions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Matthew Merzbacher

    2002-01-01

    We present a (nearly) domain-independent approach to mining trivia questions from a database. Generated questions are ranked\\u000a and are more “interesting” if they have a modest number of solutions and may reasonably be solved (but are not too easy).\\u000a Our functional model and genetic approach have several advantages: they are tractable and scalable, the hypothesis space size\\u000a is limited, and

  4. On Clickers, Questions, and Learning

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Steven Skinner

    2009-03-01

    The purpose of this paper is to review the procedures used to help students become learning victors. Specifically, this paper will discuss the process used to integrate classroom-response-system technology and question-driven instruction into an introductory anatomy and physiology course for pre-nursing/allied health students at a community college. Emphasis is placed on a systematic process for developing effective questions. Student reaction to this strategy is also discussed.

  5. Answering Questions about Unanswered Questions of Stack Overflow

    E-print Network

    Schneider, Kevin A.

    is an ex- ample of such a service that targets developers and software engineers. In general, questions of knowledge on the site. SO's active community attracts information seekers from around the globe harvesting its knowledge-base. Many visitors become members of the site and contribute to the site dynamics

  6. Quick Questions: Create a Survey

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    TERC

    2010-01-01

    In this activity, learners will conduct an open-ended survey, and then organize and analyze results. What languages does everyone speak? What’s the most common? the least common? Do you think we’d get the same results if we asked this question in a different neighborhood? Start out by posing an open-ended question. Everyone writes answers on stick-on notes and sticks them on a large piece of paper. Explore ways to organize the responses to make sense of them. For instance, if the question is about languages, one approach is to put all the stick-on notes with the same language together. A further step could involve grouping related languages (Eastern European, Southeast Asian, etc.). Available as a web page or downloadable pdf.

  7. Response times to conceptual questions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lasry, Nathaniel; Watkins, Jessica; Mazur, Eric; Ibrahim, Ahmed

    2013-09-01

    We measured the time taken by students to respond to individual Force Concept Inventory (FCI) questions. We examine response time differences between correct and incorrect answers, both before and after instruction. We also determine the relation between response time and expressed confidence. Our data reveal three results of interest. First, response times are longer for incorrect answers than for correct ones, indicating that distractors are not automatic choices. Second, response times increase after instruction for both correct and incorrect answers, supporting the notion that instruction changes students' approach to conceptual questions. Third, response times are inversely related to students' expressed confidence; the lower their confidence, the longer it takes to respond.

  8. Global Warming: Frequently Asked Questions

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    David Easterling

    This global warming site contains questions commonly addressed to climate scientists and brief replies (based on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) reports and other research). The questions concern the greenhouse effect and its impact on our climate, whether greenhouse gases are increasing and the climate warming, the relation of El Nino to global warming, change in the hydrological cycle (evaporation and precipitation) and atmospheric/oceanic circulation, climate becoming more variable and extreme, the importance of these changes in a longer-term context, the rise of sea levels, whether the observed changes can be explained by natural variability, and the future of global warming.

  9. Ridiculous Questions! The Issue of Scale in Netiquette.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Judi

    1997-01-01

    Discusses netiquette, or rules of etiquette when using computer networks, for online communications such as electronic mail and public online forums. Print and online sources for netiquette are given, and examples of poor communication are included. (LRW)

  10. Key questions regarding work engagement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Arnold B. Bakker; Simon L. Albrecht; Michael P. Leiter

    2011-01-01

    This article discusses the concept of work engagement and summarizes research on its most important antecedents. The authors formulate 10 key questions and shape a research agenda for engagement. In addition to the conceptual development and measurement of enduring work engagement, the authors discuss the importance of state work engagement. Further, they argue that the social context is crucial and

  11. Addressing Phonological Questions with Ultrasound

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davidson, Lisa

    2005-01-01

    Ultrasound can be used to address unresolved questions in phonological theory. To date, some studies have shown that results from ultrasound imaging can shed light on how differences in phonological elements are implemented. Phenomena that have been investigated include transitional schwa, vowel coalescence, and transparent vowels. A study of…

  12. Practice Questions for Business Statistics

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Schott, Brian

    This site offers a list of sample questions that can be used when teaching basic probability concepts, probability distributions, data collection methods, inferential statistics, hypothesis testing, analysis of variance, regression analysis, or problem sensing related to descriptive statistics. Links to the answers are also provided. Application is not limited to business.

  13. In this Issue: Questioning "Professor

    E-print Network

    Qiu, Weigang

    interdependent world is far from an integrated world," said Bill Clinton in a wide-ranging address to the Hunter welcomes former U.S. President Bill Clinton and Hunter alumnus Mel Tukman ('61), sponsor of HunterIn this Issue: Questioning "Professor Clinton" page 2 page 2 Hunter Student Wins Fulbright page 3

  14. Salvaging Timber: Frequently Asked Questions 

    E-print Network

    Taylor, Eric; Foster, C. Darwin

    2005-10-19

    When timber is damaged by a storm, landowners may have questions such as "Who can I call for help? "How fast do I need to salvage my damaged timber? or "How can timber value be estimated in damaged timber stands? This publication answers...

  15. Explaining Errors in Children's Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rowland, Caroline F.

    2007-01-01

    The ability to explain the occurrence of errors in children's speech is an essential component of successful theories of language acquisition. The present study tested some generativist and constructivist predictions about error on the questions produced by ten English-learning children between 2 and 5 years of age. The analyses demonstrated that,…

  16. ANSWERING CONSUMER QUESTIONS ABOUT EGGS

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Answering consumer questions is an important aspect of egg marketing. Consumers expect those they contact to be able to address their situation and help find answers. Topics of general consumer concerns include: proper storage, safe handling, food safety, and food quality. With the vast array of ...

  17. For Research Questions to ask

    E-print Network

    Church, George M.

    CT Scans For Research Questions to ask: 1. Is this CT being done specifically for the research study or is it also a part of my regular medical care? 2. Where will I go for my CT scan? 3. How many Procedures: CT Scans What is computed tomography (CT)? Computed tomography (CT) is a procedure that uses x

  18. Response to Literature: Student Questions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Asher, Deborah L.

    Reading comprehension involves making connections between prior knowledge and the visual information on the page. To reduce uncertainty, the reader makes orthographic, syntactic, or semantic predictions. Thus, comprehension is relative, dependent on the answers to different readers' different kinds of questions. The reader does not record a…

  19. Looming Questions in Performance Pay

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gratz, Donald B.

    2010-01-01

    When proposing performance pay for teachers, reformers first must answer three questions: What is the definition of teacher performance? What is the definition of student performance? and What are the goals of schooling? Reformers also need to examine the assumptions that guide their proposals and prepare to deal with the implementation issues…

  20. Folic Acid Questions and Answers

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Multimedia & Tools Partners About Us Information For... Media Policy Makers Questions and Answers Language: English Espańol (Spanish) Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir Q: Why can’t I wait until I’m pregnant—or planning to get pregnant to start taking folic acid? ...

  1. Question & Answer QQ&&AA

    E-print Network

    ssyysstteemmss bbiioollooggyy?? Systems biology is the study of com- plex gene networks, protein networks as an amplifier, a switch or a logic gate. Typically, the graphs of these systems possess fewer than a dozen (or a good answer to this question. He likens biology's current status to that of planetary astronomy

  2. Questions Teachers Ask about Spelling.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Templeton, Shane; Morris, Darrell

    1999-01-01

    Answers teachers' most frequently asked questions about spelling, including issues related to why English spelling is the way it is; how students learn to spell; selection and organization of spelling words; determining spelling levels; invented spelling; effective instructional activities; spelling strategies; assessment; and adjusting…

  3. Cloud Seeding Frequently Asked Questions

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Griffith, Don

    This site is provided by North American Weather Consultants, Inc. The site briefly answers questions such as "when did application of modern cloud seeding technology begin?," "Is cloud seeding effective?," and "Do the commonly used seeding materials pose any direct health or environmental risks?"

  4. Solar Physics: The Big Questions

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Hathaway, David

    This site describes unanswered questions about the sun. These include the coronal heating process, the nature of solar flares, the origin of the sunspot cycle, and missing neutrinos. In each case the problem is stated along with what is known to date. The text includes links to further information.

  5. Questionable Methods in Alcoholism Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koocher, Gerald P.

    1991-01-01

    Alcoholism research paradigms that use substantial cash incentives to attract participants and that call for alcoholics to consume ethanol in laboratory raise ethical questions. When using such methods, investigators should be obligated to discuss risk-benefit rationales and detail precautionary behaviors to protect participants. Discussion of…

  6. Questions to Ask Your Doctor

    MedlinePLUS

    ... for Parents for Kids for Teens Teens Home Body Mind Sexual Health Food & Fitness Diseases & Conditions Infections Q&A School & Jobs Drugs & Alcohol Staying Safe Recipes En Espańol ... Guy's Guide to Body Image Questions to Ask Your Doctor KidsHealth > Teens > ...

  7. [Questions by adolescents about dieting].

    PubMed

    Bloch, A

    1989-12-15

    In recent years there has been increasing concern and involvement of Israeli adolescents with dieting. An increase in the incidence of obesity has been emphasized by the mass media. This has been marked by an increase in the number of questions on dieting sent anonymously by 12 to 14 year-olds to a column in a popular youth magazine about adolescent sexuality. These letters include requests for diets to prevent obesity in general and fatness of certain parts of the body in particular, such as the thighs or buttocks; questions as to side-effects of diets already started, particularly amenorrhea; and questions about the onset of bulimia and anorexia nervosa, expressing fear of the consequences. This study gives examples of the questions and the answers, and indicates the professions of those to whom the applicants were referred for further diagnosis and treatment. Newer techniques of health education with regard to adolescent dieting are urgently needed so that the health staff can promote insight and indicate the need for treatment at as early a stage as possible. The use of mass media in a suitable manner is critical, given the increase in diet-advertising. PMID:2620891

  8. Scales of climate impacts

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William C. Clark

    1985-01-01

    Climates, ecosystems, and societies interact over a tremendous range of temporal and spatial scales. Scholarly work on climate impacts has tended to emphasize different questions, variables, and modes of explanation depending on the primary scale of interest. Much of the current debate on cause and effect, vulnerability, marginality, and the like stems from uncritical or unconscious efforts to transfer experience,

  9. Scaled Composites

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    On April 18, 2003, an historic event in space travel was marked by the unveiling of the first private manned spacecraft and launch platform (called SpaceShipOne and White Knight, respectively). Already constructed and in the test flight stage of its development, the project was hidden from the public in order to reveal a finished product rather than just schematics. Scaled Composites, the private company that developed the spacecraft, gives data sheets and photos on its homepage. A detailed list of frequently asked questions addresses many issues regarding the project and its implications.

  10. Frequently Asked Questions: NRSA Fellowships

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2010-09-15

    The NIH supports various Individual Fellowship Programs, all of which have transitioned to the electronic application submission process through grants.gov with the August 2009 application receipt dates. While most programs are funded under the authority for National Research Service Awards or NRSA (e.g., F30, F31, F32, F33), there are non-NRSA programs (e.g., F05, F37) that may vary in the applicant institution and fellow eligibility requirements, funding amounts, and specific program related issues (see the NIH F Kiosk). Each NIH fellowship program is announced as a Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts. This document represents frequently asked questions and answers to many questions fielded by the Office of Extramural Programs (OEP).

  11. Common questions in veterinary toxicology.

    PubMed

    Bates, N; Rawson-Harris, P; Edwards, N

    2015-05-01

    Toxicology is a vast subject. Animals are exposed to numerous drugs, household products, plants, chemicals, pesticides and venomous animals. In addition to the individual toxicity of the various potential poisons, there is also the question of individual response and, more importantly, of species differences in toxicity. This review serves to address some of the common questions asked when dealing with animals with possible poisoning, providing evidence where available. The role of emetics, activated charcoal and lipid infusion in the management of poisoning in animals, the toxic dose of chocolate, grapes and dried fruit in dogs, the use of antidotes in paracetamol poisoning, timing of antidotal therapy in ethylene glycol toxicosis and whether lilies are toxic to dogs are discussed. PMID:25728477

  12. PBS: The Question of God

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    PBS may not have cornered the entire market on thoughtful and intelligent television programming, but they certainly have garnered the lion's share of this type of material. One of the network's most recent programs (and this website which accompanies it), The Question of God, is certainly proof positive of this fact. The four-hour series (based on a popular Harvard course taught by Dr. Armand Nicholi) explores some of the basic questions of humanity, such as "What is happiness?" and "How do we find meaning and purpose in our lives?" The program itself does this by looking through the lens of the eyes of two of the 20th century's most well-known intellectuals, Sigmund Freud, who was a strong critic of religious belief, and C.S. Lewis, who was a strong proponent of "faith based on reason." On the site, visitors can learn about the lives of Freud and Lewis through excerpts from their own writings, read synopses of the programs, and read other perspectives on the question of God from such individuals as Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. and D.T. Suzuki. Additionally, visitors can watch clips from the program and listen in on roundtable conversations moderated by Dr. Nicholi.

  13. That's Fast! Questions Section 5.2

    E-print Network

    That's Fast! Questions · Section 5.2 That's Fast! Questions · Section 5.2 STOPfor science Science? ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ That's Fast! Questions · Section 5.2 STOPfor science Science Topic Outreach posters #12;That's Fast! Answers · Section 5.2 STOPfor science Science Topic Outreach posters Level ONE Questions (#1-3) 1. What

  14. Sample Interview Questions Where Innovation Is Tradition

    E-print Network

    Sample Interview Questions Where Innovation Is Tradition Interview Questions are as easy as 1 it? Page 1 of 4 11/27/2012 #12;Sample Interview Questions Where Innovation Is Tradition Drive when you received too much direction. Page 2 of 4 11/27/2012 #12;Sample Interview Questions Where

  15. The Purposes of Language Teachers' Questions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nunn, Roger

    1999-01-01

    Illustrates a three-level analysis of classroom discourse as a means of examining in detail the implications of characterizing language teachers' questions as "display" questions. Attempts to demonstrate that the characterization of teachers' questions as display questions because they are non-referential is only relevant on one level of analysis.…

  16. Quick Questions: Learn About Data

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    TERC

    2010-01-01

    In this activity, learners will collect and analyze data to learn about the people around them. How many letters in everyone’s first name? What’s the most common number of letters? What’s most or least? Start out by posing a multiple choice question. Everyone records answers on a large chart. Then, explore the data. This works well as a family activity or in a public area—museum, library, school building. Post the chart and review answers after at least 100 people have responded. Available as a web page or downloadable pdf.

  17. Evaluation of four maternal smoking questions.

    PubMed Central

    Kharrazi, M; Epstein, D; Hopkins, B; Kreutzer, R; Doebbert, G; Hiatt, R; Swan, S; Eskenazi, B; Pirkle, J L; Bernert, J T

    1999-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The authors evaluated four questions about maternal smoking during pregnancy for use on birth certificates. METHODS: Question 1 (yes/no format) and Question 2 (trimester-specific design) were tested among 1171 women who delivered at two Kaiser Permanente medical centers in northern California. Responses to Questions 1 and 2 were compared with smoking information provided by participants in telephone interviews conducted during pregnancy. Question 3 (multiple choice format) and Question 4 (month- and grouped month-specific design) were tested among 900 women who enrolled in a statewide prenatal screening program and who delivered in 20 hospitals in four Central Valley counties. Responses to Questions 3 and 4 were compared with mid-pregnancy serum cotinine levels. The authors evaluated the four questions in terms of conciseness, response rate, data accuracy, and type of data requested. RESULTS: Questions 1 and 2 were the most concise. Response rates could not be calculated for Questions 1 and 2. Response rates were 86.0% for Question 3 and 74.2% for Question 4. Sensitivity was 47.3% for Question 1, 62.1% for Question 2, 83.8% for Question 3, and 86.7% for Question 4. The types of data requested by Questions 2 and 4 seem to best satisfy the needs of the broad audience of birth certificate users. CONCLUSIONS: No single question was clearly superior. The authors propose a combination of Questions 2 and 4, which asks about average number of cigarettes smoked per day in the three months before pregnancy and in each trimester of pregnancy. PMID:9925173

  18. The Urban Institute: Five Questions

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    In the mid-1960s, President Johnson saw the need for independent nonpartisan analysis of the problems facing America's cities and their residents. The President created a blue-ribbon commission of civic leaders who recommended chartering a center to do that work and in 1968, the Urban Institute became that center. Today the Urban Institute analyzes policies, evaluates programs, and informs community development to "improve social, civic, and economic well-being." Working in all 50 states and abroad, the Institute shares its research with policymakers, business leaders, and academics. On this site, visitors can enjoy the Institute's series of interviews entitled "Five Questions For"" which poses five questions to the people behind the Urban Institute's research. Here, experts talk about the nature of their work and offer insights on what they've learned. The collection allows visitors to browse a chronological list of this series of interviews and each interview is easily emailed and is also available in a printer friendly format.

  19. Evaluative Conditioning: The “How” Question

    PubMed Central

    Jones, Christopher R.; Olson, Michael A.; Fazio, Russell H.

    2011-01-01

    Evaluative conditioning (EC) refers to attitude formation or change toward an object due to that object's mere co-occurrence with another valenced object or objects. This chapter focuses on the “how” question, that is, the question of what cognitive processes intervene between mere co-occurrence and attitude formation or change. Though EC has typically been thought of as occurring through a single, albeit contentious, mechanism, we begin by pointing out that both the heterogeneity of EC methodologies and the abundance of inconsistent results suggest that multiple processes with different characteristics can produce EC. We describe how the earliest posited process of EC, Pavlovian conditioning or signal learning, is a valid mechanism of EC that appears to have operated in some experiments but is unlikely to have operated in others and also cannot account for various EC findings. We describe other mechanisms of EC, when they can be expected to occur, and what characteristics they have. We particularly focus our attention on a process model of EC we have recently introduced, the implicit misattribution model. Finally, we describe the implications of a multi-process view of EC, which we argue can help resolve theoretical controversies and further the application of EC as a practical intervention for influencing attitudes in various domains. PMID:22241936

  20. Answering Key Fuel Cycle Questions

    SciTech Connect

    Steven J. Piet; Brent W. Dixon; J. Stephen Herring; David E. Shropshire; Mary Lou Dunzik-Gougar

    2003-10-01

    The Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) program has both “outcome” and “process” goals because it must address both waste already accumulating as well as completing the fuel cycle in connection with advanced nuclear power plant concepts. The outcome objectives are waste geological repository capacity and cost, energy security and sustainability, proliferation resistance, fuel cycle economics, and safety. The process objectives are readiness to proceed and adaptability and robustness in the face of uncertainties. A classic decision-making approach to such a multi-attribute problem would be to weight individual quantified criteria and calculate an overall figure of merit. This is inappropriate for several reasons. First, the goals are not independent. Second, the importance of different goals varies among stakeholders. Third, the importance of different goals is likely to vary with time, especially the “energy future.” Fourth, some key considerations are not easily or meaningfully quantifiable at present. Instead, at this point, we have developed 16 questions the AFCI program should answer and suggest an approach of determining for each whether relevant options improve meeting each of the program goals. We find that it is not always clear which option is best for a specific question and specific goal; this helps identify key issues for future work. In general, we suggest attempting to create as many win-win decisions (options that are attractive or neutral to most goals) as possible. Thus, to help clarify why the program is exploring the options it is, and to set the stage for future narrowing of options, we have developed 16 questions, as follows: · What are the AFCI program goals? · Which potential waste disposition approaches do we plan for? · What are the major separations, transmutation, and fuel options? · How do we address proliferation resistance? · Which potential energy futures do we plan for? · What potential external triggers do we plan for? · Should we separate uranium? · If we separate uranium, should we recycle it, store it or dispose of it? · Is it practical to plan to fabricate and handle “hot” fuel? · Which transuranic elements (TRU) should be separated and transmuted? · Of those TRU separated, which should be transmuted together? · Should we separate and/or transmute Cs and Sr isotopes that dominate near-term repository heating? · Should we separate and/or transmute very long-lived Tc and I isotopes? · Which separation technology? · What mix of transmutation technologies? · What fuel technology best supports the above decisions?

  1. The effect of distributed questioning with varied examples on exam performance on inference questions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Arnold Lewis Glass

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the distributed presentation of different versions of a question would produce better performance on a new version of the question than distributed presentation of the same version of the question. A total of 48 four question sets of five alternative multiple?choice questions were presented during a college lecture course. The answers

  2. Great Question! Question Quality in Community Q&A Sujith Ravi

    E-print Network

    Cortes, Corinna

    }@gmail.com Abstract Asking the right question in the right way is an art (and a science). In a communityGreat Question! Question Quality in Community Q&A Sujith Ravi Bo Pang Vibhor Rastogi Ravi Kumar question-answering setting, a good question is not just one that is found to be use- ful by other people

  3. Cem Kaner Essay Questions Page 1 How to Answer Essay Questions in the Graduate Level

    E-print Network

    of your answer to a long essay question. Create a set of sample questions that covers the material you of sample questions. For the rest, make a list of every significant topic in the course you are studying, and make up questions for every topic not already well covered with the sample questions you have on hand

  4. Importing Questions Using Microsoft Excel Page 1 Importing Questions Using Microsoft Excel

    E-print Network

    Xu, Shouhuai

    Importing Questions Using Microsoft Excel Page 1 Importing Questions Using Microsoft Excel Excel Question Format You can create different question types in Microsoft Excel and upload the questions answers, use the column that follow) Create a Test in Microsoft Excel 1. From Microsoft Excel, create your

  5. Big questions about the universe

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stavinschi, Magda

    2011-06-01

    Astronomy is not only a branch of science but also an important part of the culture and civilisations of peoples. Starting with archeoastronomy to the present day, it has always contributed to a better understanding of life, of humanity. After 400 years of modern astronomy, it still addresses major problems such as: Why there is something rather than nothing? Why is nature comprehensible to humans? How is cosmos related to humanity? Do multiverses exist? Is there life on other planets? Are we alone in the universe? Does the universe have a beginning? If so, what does it mean? How did the universe originate? All these questions are a challenge for interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary investigations, for philosophers, physicists, cosmologists, mathematicians, theologians. The new insights gained by pursuing in depth these common investigations will shape the society we live in and have important consequences on the future we are creating.

  6. Minister Peng answers correspondents' questions.

    PubMed

    1991-02-01

    Following a press conference where she presented the results of the 1990 census and the accomplishments of China's family planning program, Peng Peiyun, minister of the State Family Planning Commission, and other officials answered the questions of Chinese and foreign correspondents. Asked about the implementation of family planning in rural areas, Peng explained that while the 1-child policy has been followed, farmers with only 1 daughter have been allowed a second child. Nonetheless, the total fertility rate (TFR) of rural women has fallen bellow 4. On the issue of abortion, an official explained that for the past few years, there have been 10 million abortions annually. Abortion, however, is used only when contraception fails. Despite China's impressive achievements in curbing population growth, Peng noted that the country still faces serious problems. As the country enters its 8th 5-year plan, China will undergo a baby boom. An average of 17 million births each year is expected throughout the plan's duration. Peng acknowledged that the previous target of controlling China's population to 1.2 billion by the year 2000 will not be achieved. Under the new plan, which hopes to reduce the TFR from 2.35 in 1989 to 2.0 by the turn of the century, calls for the population to stabilize somewhere between 1.5 and 1.6 billion. Peng also answered questions concerning abuses by family planning workers. She stressed that China's family planning program is voluntary, although economic disincentives are used. Furthermore, Peng addressed issues concerning religion and family planning, infanticide, the safety of contraceptives, and concerns over the ageing of the population. PMID:12284670

  7. Science question level and its relationship to seventh graders' interest and achievement in science

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Santine Cuccio-Schirripa

    1999-01-01

    Science question level and its relationship to science topic interest level and achievement in reading, mathematics, and science\\u000a were explored for eight classes of seventh graders (n=106). Each student completed a science topic interest rating scale,\\u000a wrote four science questions (two on least interesting topics, and two on most interesting topics), and completed scholastic\\u000a aptitude tests. The questions were rated

  8. Study of Dating Violence in College Relationships and the Effect of Question Wording on Survey Responses

    E-print Network

    Ballinger, Leslie 1991-

    2011-04-27

    incidents occur in a situation that is not harmful or aggressive? The survey instrument is a revised Conflict Tactics Scale (developed by Murray Straus) with three versions, each of which differed slightly in the wording of certain questions about...

  9. Questions to Ask My Healthcare Team

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Clinical Trials New Directions in Lung Cancer Side Effect Management Questions to Ask My Healthcare Team Support & Resources ... Clinical Trials New Directions in Lung Cancer Side Effect Management Questions to Ask My Healthcare Team Support & Resources ...

  10. Gallery Walk Questions about Human Dimensions

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    created by Mark Francek, Central Michigan University The following are potential questions that could be used in a gallery walk activity about the human dimensions of geologic issues. The questions are organized ...

  11. Gallery Walk Questions about the Solar System

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    created by Mark Francek, Central Michigan University The following are potential questions that could be used in a gallery walk activity about the solar system. The questions are organized according to the ...

  12. HOW PEOPLE RESPOND TO CONTINGENT VALUATION QUESTIONS

    EPA Science Inventory

    The purpose of the project is to understand better how individuals interpret and respond to contingent valuation (CV) questions. The research will address three issues: the reliability of the referendum questions format, the importance of reminding respondents about subst...

  13. Indexing Low Frequency Information for Question Answering

    E-print Network

    Kosseim, Leila

    system over questions formulated by proxy users. To test the influence of the IR component in the context to capitalize on the redundancy of the Web and bypass the document collection for answering a question (e

  14. Gallery Walk Questions on Earth's Radiation Balance

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    created by Mark Francek, Central Michigan University The following are potential questions that could be used in a gallery walk activity about the Earth's Radiation Balance. The questions are organized ...

  15. Are Nanobacteria Alive: Sample Socratic Questions

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    By Monica Bruckner, Montana State University, Bozeman (based on MLER website:Nanobes and Nanobacteria).

    This example Socratic questioning page provides an outline for leading a classroom discussion regarding whether or not nanobacteria exist. Sample questions, resources for background information, and tips and assessment information are provided.

  16. Gallery Walk Questions about the Ocean

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    created by Mark Francek, Central Michigan University The following are potential questions that could be used in a gallery walk activity about the ocean. The questions are organized according to the cognitive ...

  17. Gallery Walk Questions on Map Reading

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    created by Mark Francek, Central Michigan University The following are potential questions that could be used in a gallery walk activity about map reading. The questions are organized according to the cognitive ...

  18. Gallery Walk Questions about the Biosphere

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    created by Mark Francek, Central Michigan University The following are potential questions that could be used in a gallery walk activity about the biosphere. The questions are organized according to the cognitive ...

  19. A Web-based Question Answering System

    E-print Network

    Zhang, Dell

    The Web is apparently an ideal source of answers to a large variety of questions, due to the tremendous amount of information available online. This paper describes a Web-based question answering system LAMP, which is ...

  20. On the interpretation of concealed questions

    E-print Network

    Nathan, Lance Edward

    2006-01-01

    Determiner phrases have the ability to act as "concealed questions" (CQs), embedded questions in sentences like John knows the time (i.e., John knows what time it is). The fact that know and wonder differ in their ability ...

  1. Frequently Asked Questions (Palliative Care: Conversations Matter)

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Questions Frequently Asked Questions 1. What is palliative care and when is it provided? Palliative care is ... Does my child have to be in hospice care to receive palliative care? No, your child does ...

  2. 32 CFR 17.4 - Interlocutory questions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false Interlocutory questions. 17.4 Section 17.4 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE...MILITARY COMMISSIONS ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES § 17.4 Interlocutory questions. (a) Certification...

  3. The effect of Tomm's therapeutic questioning styles on therapeutic alliance: a clinical analog study.

    PubMed

    Dozier, R M; Hicks, M W; Cornille, T A; Peterson, G W

    1998-01-01

    Tomm (1988) suggests that circular and reflexive questions tend to elicit feelings of freedom/acceptance whereas lineal and strategic questions usually trigger feelings of judgment/constraint. Employing an analog methodology, each of Tomm's four questioning styles was portrayed in the form of a 5-minute videotaped intake scenario. Forty family triads with a mother, father, and adolescent son were randomly assigned to one of four experimental conditions with ten families each. Each condition involved viewing one of four questioning style scenarios. All participants (N = 120 individuals--40 mothers, 40 fathers, and 40 adolescent sons) completed the Family Therapy Alliance Scale (FTAS; Pinsof & Catherall, 1986) and a validity-check instrument. The results indicated that circular and reflexive questioning styles elicited significantly higher (p < 0.001) alliance scores on the FTAS than did either lineal or strategic questions. Implications for the use of different types of questions in family therapy are discussed. PMID:9693949

  4. Questioning Strategies: Implications for Teacher Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frager, Alan M.

    Well-known questioning strategies, built on question classification systems, are examined. Types of question classification systems are identified as: "hierarchical," which are sequential and cumulative; "non-hierarchical," which are based on elements which should not be rank ordered; systems which are "context-bound" to specifics; and…

  5. Leading questions and the eyewitness report*1

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Elizabeth F. Loftus

    1975-01-01

    A total of 490 subjects, in four experiments, saw films of complex, fast-moving events, such as automobile accidents or classroom disruptions. The purpose of these experiments was to investi- gate how the wording of questions asked immediately after an event may influence responses to questions asked considerably later. It is shown that when the initial question contains either true presuppositions

  6. Question Moon: An Introduction to the

    E-print Network

    Christian, Eric

    1 Question Moon: An Introduction to the Process of Science Learning Objectives: · Generate a big picture question related to the Moon. · Generate hypotheses related to lunar geology. · Generate a research question related to lunar geology. Overview: In this activity, students step into the shoes

  7. Good Student Questions in Inquiry Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lombard, François E.; Schneider, Daniel K.

    2013-01-01

    Acquisition of scientific reasoning is one of the big challenges in education. A popular educational strategy advocated for acquiring deep knowledge is inquiry-based learning, which is driven by emerging "good questions". This study will address the question: "Which design features allow learners to refine questions while preserving…

  8. Formal Verification: All Questions and Some Answers

    E-print Network

    Pnueli, Amir

    , WIS 9.5.99 CS Leading Teachers Course, WIS, 9.5.99 #12; Formal Verification: Questions and Answers A Leading Teachers Course, WIS, 9.5.99 1 #12; Formal Verification: Questions and Answers A. Pnueli Mathematics! CS Leading Teachers Course, WIS, 9.5.99 2 #12; Formal Verification: Questions and Answers A

  9. Better Questions and Answers Equal Success.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swicegood, Philip R.; Parsons, James L.

    1989-01-01

    Students with learning disabilities and behavior problems need instruction designed to increase active thinking and questioning skills. Described methods for teaching these skills include T. Raphael's question-answer relationships, A. Hahn's questioning strategy, reciprocal teaching, and the "ReQuest" procedure. Practice activities for student…

  10. Developing Qualitative Research Questions: A Reflective Process

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Agee, Jane

    2009-01-01

    The reflective and interrogative processes required for developing effective qualitative research questions can give shape and direction to a study in ways that are often underestimated. Good research questions do not necessarily produce good research, but poorly conceived or constructed questions will likely create problems that affect all…

  11. Intelligent Question Bank and Examination System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    ANG TAN FONG; HU HENG SIEW; LIP YEE; LIEW CHEE SUN

    2006-01-01

    Question bank can be described as the databank that keeps all the examination questions whether pre-existing or created by user while web based examination system is an online assessment tool that used to evaluate students' performance. In this paper, we develop and implement an online Intelligent Question Bank and Examination System (IQBAES), which make use of open source technology. This

  12. Improving Comprehension? That's A Good Question.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Charlotte T.

    This paper presents (1) data indicating the need to increase the percentage of higher cognitive questions in the instructional program, based upon research showing that questioning strategies are instrumental in improving comprehension; (2) data indicating that questions currently included in instructional programs are predominantly of the lower…

  13. Some counting questions Math 10120, Spring 2013

    E-print Network

    Galvin, David

    Some counting questions Math 10120, Spring 2013 January 30, 2013 Math 10120 (Spring 2013) Counting (Spring 2013) Counting questions January 30, 2013 2 / 9 #12;Poker hands A poker hand consists (Spring 2013) Counting questions January 30, 2013 3 / 9 #12;Notre Dame Hockey Notre dame hockey has a 26

  14. Questions That Science Teachers Find Difficult (II).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodwin, Alan

    2003-01-01

    Presents some questions that science teachers find difficult. Focuses on three further questions relating to "simple" everyday situations that are normally explained in terms of the kinetic theory of matter. Identifies looking at the difference between chemical and physical changes as the most problematic question. (Author/YDS)

  15. Answering Student Questions Saurabh W. Jha

    E-print Network

    Glashausser, Charles

    Answering Student Questions Saurabh W. Jha Rutgers DELTA-P Seminar October 16, 2014 1Thursday, October 16, 14 #12;Answering Student Questions Saurabh W. Jha Rutgers DELTA-P Seminar October 16, 2014 2Thursday, October 16, 14 #12;answering students' questions well · helps students learn! · student

  16. The Physics Question of the Week

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Berg, Richard E.

    A collection of thought provoking physics questions covering various introductory physics topics from the University of Maryland. The questions can be used in class or like in Maryland as an outreach activity. The archive provide the questions as well as the answers. In most cases, the answers are accompanied with videos of pictures of the activity.

  17. An Edge Question: What Now ?

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This feature from the nonprofit Edge Foundation, Inc. (reviewed previously in the July 25, 2000 Scout Report for Social Sciences & Humanities) is an impressive collection of thoughtful words in response to the recent terrorist attacks and ensuing war. The Edge postulated the question, "What now?" to its members with the idea that, as editor John Brockman explains, "within the community is invaluable expertise in many pertinent areas, not to mention the intelligence that the 'Edgies' can bring to the subjects." What separates this forum from many others dealing with recent issues of terrorism is that Brockman asks for "'hard-edge' comments, derived from empirical results or experience specific to the expertise of the contributors," rather than emotional or purely rhetorical responses. Here are a few of the pieces -- some essay length, others only a few sentences -- found here: psychiatrist Richard Rabkin takes a "strategic psychotherapy" approach to dealing with terrorism, science writer and television commentator Margaret Wertheim and archaeologist Timothy Taylor both touch on the corruption of science by weapons development as well as the intermingling of science and religion, and evolutionary scholar Richard Dawkins brings up the tendency to "bend over backwards to see the other point of view and blame ourselves for everything." Take time to peruse this collection of 44,000 words from 55 contributors and you'll be glad you did.

  18. Happiness Scale Interval Study. Methodological Considerations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kalmijn, W. M.; Arends, L. R.; Veenhoven, R.

    2011-01-01

    The Happiness Scale Interval Study deals with survey questions on happiness, using verbal response options, such as "very happy" and "pretty happy". The aim is to estimate what degrees of happiness are denoted by such terms in different questions and languages. These degrees are expressed in numerical values on a continuous [0,10] scale, which are…

  19. Scaling up Psycholinguistics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Nathaniel J.

    2011-01-01

    This dissertation contains several projects, each addressing different questions with different techniques. In chapter 1, I argue that they are unified thematically by their goal of "scaling up psycholinguistics"; they are all aimed at analyzing large data-sets using tools that reveal patterns to propose and test mechanism-neutral hypotheses about…

  20. A Tree Kernel approach to Question and Answer Classification Question Answering Systems

    E-print Network

    Moschitti, Alessandro

    A Tree Kernel approach to Question and Answer Classification in Question Answering Systems Alessandro Moschitti and Roberto Basili University of Rome Tor Vergata, Department of Computer Science in Question Answering design is the definition of the models for question focus identification and answer

  1. Any Questions? Automatic Question Detection in Kofi Boakye, Benoit Favre, Dilek Hakkini-Tur

    E-print Network

    Favre, Benoit

    ,favre,dilek}@icsi.berkeley.edu Abstract--In this paper, we describe our efforts toward the automatic detection of English questions of various features for automatic detection of English questions in the meetings domain. For this task weAny Questions? Automatic Question Detection in Meetings Kofi Boakye, Benoit Favre, Dilek Hakkini

  2. Hard Questions 1 When Hard Questions are Asked: Evaluating Writing Centers

    E-print Network

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    Hard Questions 1 When Hard Questions are Asked: Evaluating Writing Centers James H. Bell University of Northern British Columbia 3333 University Way Prince George, BC Canada V2N 4Z9 RUNNING HEAD: Hard Questions Reading and Learning. Thank you to three reviewers for their revision suggestions. #12;Hard Questions 2

  3. Personal knowledge questions for fallback authentication: security questions in the era of Facebook

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ariel Rabkin

    2008-01-01

    ABSTRACT Security questions (or challenge questions) are commonly used to authenticate users who,have lost their passwords. We examined the password retrieval mechanisms for a num- ber of personal banking websites, and found that many of them rely in part on security questions with serious usability and security weaknesses. We discuss patterns in the secu- rity questions we observed. We argue

  4. Answering complex, list and context questions with LCC's Question-Answering Server

    E-print Network

    Mihalcea, Rada

    Answering complex, list and context questions with LCC's Question-Answering Server Sanda Harabagiu the architecture of the Question- Answering Server (QAS) developed at the Language Computer Corporation (LCC) and used in the TREC- 10 evaluations. LCC's QAS TM extracts answers for (a) factual questions of vairable

  5. Children's questions: a mechanism for cognitive development.

    PubMed

    Chouinard, Michael M

    2007-01-01

    Preschoolers' questions may play an important role in cognitive development. When children encounter a problem with their current knowledge state (a gap in their knowledge, some ambiguity they do not know how to resolve, some inconsistency they have detected), asking a question allows them to get targeted information exactly when they need it. This information is available to them when they are particularly receptive to it, and because it comes as the result of their own disequilibrium, it may have depth of processing benefits. In that questions allow children to get information they need to move their knowledge structures closer to adult-like states, the ability to ask questions to gather needed information constitutes an efficient mechanism for cognitive development (referred to in this paper as the Information Requesting Mechanism [IRM]; this term is used because it includes question-asking and other information recruiting behaviors such as gestures, expressions, and vocalizations). However, the role of children's questions in their cognitive development has been largely overlooked. If questions are a force in cognitive development, the following must be true: (1) children must actually ask questions that gather information; (2) children must receive informative answers to their questions if they are able to be of use to cognitive development; (3) children must be motivated to get the information they request, rather than asking questions for other purposes such as attention; (4) the questions children ask must be relevant and of potential use to their cognitive development; (5) we must see evidence that children's questions help them in some way-that is, that they can ask questions for a purpose, and use the information they receive purposefully to successfully achieve some change of knowledge state. This monograph reports data on these points. Study 1 analyzed questions taken from four children's transcripts in the CHILDES database (age 1;2-5;1). This methodology allowed detailed, veridical analysis of every question asked by the children during their recording sessions. Results indicate that children ask many information-seeking questions and get informative answers. When they do not get an informative response, they keep asking; attention is not enough. Results also indicate that the content of children's questions parallel their conceptual advances, and shift within an exchange and over the course of development to reflect the learning process. So, these data suggest that the components of the IRM are in place and are used by children from very early in development, and the information they seek changes with time. Study 2 asked whether preverbal children who are not yet asking linguistic questions can recruit information via gestures, expressions, and vocalizations, in addition to further investigating the linguistic questions of older children. This study analyzed questions from a cross-sectional diary study, kept by 68 parents of their children's questions (aged 1;0-5;0). Also, this methodology allowed for data collection over a large number of children, a large range of situational contexts, and allows for the collection of low frequency, high-salience events. Results from Study 2 suggest that all of the components of the IRM are in place, and extends these findings down to younger, preverbal children who recruit information using gesture and vocalizations. Study 3 investigated the questions asked in one specific domain, biological knowledge, and examined the impact that different stimulus types have on children's questions. This study gathered data from 112 parent/child dyads (children aged 2, 3, and 4 years) walking through one of three zoos (one with real animals, one with drawings of animals, and one with three-dimensional replicas of animals), looking at the animals together. Results from this study also suggest that all of the components of the IRM are in place from the earliest age, further supporting the findings from Studies 1 and 2. In addition, while children still ask many nonbiological questions a

  6. A concept for major incident triage: full-scaled simulation feasibility study

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background Efficient management of major incidents involves triage, treatment and transport. In the absence of a standardised interdisciplinary major incident management approach, the Norwegian Air Ambulance Foundation developed Interdisciplinary Emergency Service Cooperation Course (TAS). The TAS-program was established in 1998 and by 2009, approximately 15 500 emergency service professionals have participated in one of more than 500 no-cost courses. The TAS-triage concept is based on the established triage Sieve and Paediatric Triage Tape models but modified with slap-wrap reflective triage tags and paediatric triage stretchers. We evaluated the feasibility and accuracy of the TAS-triage concept in full-scale simulated major incidents. Methods The learners participated in two standardised bus crash simulations: without and with competence of TAS-triage and access to TAS-triage equipment. The instructors calculated triage accuracy and measured time consumption while the learners participated in a self-reported before-after study. Each question was scored on a 7-point Likert scale with points labelled "Did not work" (1) through "Worked excellent" (7). Results Among the 93 (85%) participating emergency service professionals, 48% confirmed the existence of a major incident triage system in their service, whereas 27% had access to triage tags. The simulations without TAS-triage resulted in a mean over- and undertriage of 12%. When TAS-Triage was used, no mistriage was found. The average time from "scene secured to all patients triaged" was 22 minutes (range 15-32) without TAS-triage vs. 10 minutes (range 5-21) with TAS-triage. The participants replied to "How did interdisciplinary cooperation of triage work?" with mean 4,9 (95% CI 4,7-5,2) before the course vs. mean 5,8 (95% CI 5,6-6,0) after the course, p < 0,001. Conclusions Our modified triage Sieve tool is feasible, time-efficient and accurate in allocating priority during simulated bus accidents and may serve as a candidate for a future national standard for major incident triage. PMID:20701802

  7. The effects on interest, instruction, and achievement on the science question level of middle school students

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cuccio Schirripa, Santine

    The effects of instruction in writing researchable questions, science topic interest, and achievement (science, reading, and mathematics) on science question level in seventh grade students were investigated experimentally. The hypotheses were: students instructed in researchable questioning in science would outperform students who were not instructed on a measure of science question level; students interested in science topics would score higher on a measure of science question level, than when they are not interested; and high achieving students in mathematics, reading or science would outperform students who are not high achievers on a measure of science question level. Eight classes of normally achieving seventh graders (n = 106 students), from a middle school in west central Florida, were randomly assigned to two treatments. One group received instruction in writing researchable questions in science, the other group did not receive instruction. Each student in each of the eight classes completed "The Middle School Students' Science Topic Interest Rating Scale", developed for this study (test-retest reliability, rsbs =.84), rating each of the thirteen topics from one to three. All students selected two topics in which they were least interested, and two topics in which they were most interested. They then wrote researchable questions for each topic. All students took the Scholastic Aptitude Tests (SAT) in reading, mathematics and science. The questions were rated using the four levels described by "The Middle School Students' Science Question Rating Scale", developed for this study (inter-rater reliability, rsbs =.96). The scores for each question were averaged for two raters then summed for each interest level for each student The means and standard deviations were computed for questions generated at a low level of interest, questions generated at a high level of interest, reading SAT scores, mathematics SAT scores, and science SAT scores. The data were analyzed for main effects and interaction effects using general linear modeling procedures. The variable modeled was question level. There was one within subjects factor, science topic interest, and four between subjects factors: instruction, science achievement, mathematics achievement and reading achievement. The results, consistent with the hypotheses, indicate that students who received instruction in researchable questioning outperformed those students who were not instructed on a measure of science question level; when students were interested in a science topic their question level was significantly higher than when they were not interested; and students who were high achievers in mathematics, reading or science outperformed those students who were not high achievers on a measure of science question level.

  8. Doing Science and Asking Questions II: An Exercise That Generates Questions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hurt Middlecamp, Catherine; Nickel, Anne-Marie L.

    2005-08-01

    Given the importance of questions in science, it is critical that students learn to ask questions as well as learning to answer them. This paper describes a classroom exercise to help students better ask their own questions. It has been classroom-tested in multiple formats and has also been used for curriculum development workshops for faculty. This exercise in creating questions can be easily customized to suit different instructional contexts; some variations are outlined. More broadly, this paper also discusses the pedagogical significance of questioning, raising four salient points: (1) learners are more likely to have a personal interest in the questions they raise; (2) questions can serve as entry points for issues relating to ethnicity and gender; (3) questions give control to the person who asks them; and (4) questions can challenge existing structures, categories, and norms.

  9. Developing Offline Strategies for Answering Medical Questions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. F. Tjong Kim Sang; G. Bouma; Rijke de M

    2005-01-01

    We describe ongoing developments on two offline strategies for automatically answering questions in the medical domain: one based on an analysis of the document structure, the other based on dependency parsing. We highlight differences with open domain question answering, and provide a preliminary evaluation of the current state of our strategies. Copyright (c) 2005, American Association for Artificial Intelligence (www.aaai.org).

  10. Answer Passage Retrieval for Question Answering

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andres Corrada-Emmanuel; W. Bruce Croft; Vanessa Murdock

    Document or passage retrieval is typically used as the first step in current question answering systems. The accuracy of the answer that is extracted from the passages and the efficiency of the question answering process will depend to some extent on the quality of this initial ranking. We show how language model approaches can be used to improve answer passage

  11. Electricity and Light Pre Lab Questions

    E-print Network

    Yu, Jaehoon

    question is worth 1 point towards the lab grade for the unit. The questions are designed to give you some;Name___________________________ Course #14__ ID#__________________ Section # ____ UNIT 15#__________________ Section # ____ UNIT 16 Electric Fields: 1) What is an electric field? 2) What are the units

  12. Mental Models of Research: Generating Authentic Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donham, Jean; Heinrich, Jill A.; Bostwick, Kerry A.

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we question how we might disrupt positivist research paradigms that preclude students from engaging and experiencing ownership in the research process. We question what we, as professors, could do to facilitate the transition from traditional research reporting to a disposition of inquiry that allows for ambiguity and discovery in…

  13. 9/11: Reflections, Memories, and Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zingone, Joe

    2011-01-01

    What were you doing on September 11th? This seems like an obvious question to prompt conversations about the World Trade Center tragedy, but is it a good question to ask high school students a decade removed from the event? Many students now in high school were toddlers at the time. What do they really remember from that day? Are these memories…

  14. Question Answering Based on Semantic Graphs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lorand Dali; Delia Rusu; Marko Grobelnik

    2009-01-01

    In this paper we present a question answering system supported by semantic graphs. Aside from providing answers to natural language questions, the system offers explanations for these answers via a visual representation of documents, their associated list of facts described by subject - verb - object triplets, and their summaries. The triplets, automatically extracted from the Penn Treebank parse tree

  15. Conscience in Childhood: Old Questions, New Answers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aksan, Nazan; Kochanska, Grazyna

    2005-01-01

    Although conscience has been the focus of reflection for centuries, fundamental questions regarding its organization have not been fully answered. To address those questions, the authors applied structural equation modeling techniques to longitudinal data comprising multiple behavioral measures of children's conscience, obtained in parallel…

  16. DICK'S HOUSE Questions and answers to frequently

    E-print Network

    Myers, Lawrence C.

    DICK'S HOUSE FAQ Questions and answers to frequently asked questions at the Geisel School of Medicine Always identify yourself as a Geisel student when you contact Dick's House!! Updated: December 2013 #12;Dick's House FAQ Contents How do I find what I need quickly in this document? 2 Mental Health

  17. The Syntax of Questions in Child English.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Radford, Andrew

    1994-01-01

    Provides a contemporary Government-and-Binding reinterpretation and evaluation of Klima and Bellugi's 1966 work on the acquisition of interrogatives. It is argued that wh-questions in Child English involve a wh-pronoun positioned in the head complementizer position within the Complementizer Phrase (CP) and that children learn that wh-questions

  18. Good Questions for Sound Decision Making.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boyle, Thomas P.

    1995-01-01

    Argues that good budgets flow from good planning, and that good planning requires a careful process that asks the right questions. Looks at the need for planning, the importance of vision, the role of values, campus environment, hierarchies, the economic context, and unforeseen events. Advocates asking good questions using good information. (RJM)

  19. Statistics Test Questions: Content and Trends

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salcedo, Audy

    2014-01-01

    This study presents the results of the analysis of a group of teacher-made test questions for statistics courses at the university level. Teachers were asked to submit tests they had used in their previous two semesters. Ninety-seven tests containing 978 questions were gathered and classified according to the SOLO taxonomy (Biggs & Collis,…

  20. Concealed Questions. In Search of Answers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frana, Ilaria

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation examines the semantic interpretation of various types of DPs in so-called concealed-question (CQ) constructions, as "Bill's phone number" in the sentence "John knows Bill's phone number". The peculiar characteristic of DP-CQs is that they are interpreted as having the meaning of an embedded question. So, for instance, the…

  1. Fixed-Response Questions with a Difference.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnstone, Alex H.; Ambusaidi, Abdullah

    2002-01-01

    Offers three types of fixed-response questions that are designed to overcome drawbacks appearing in the conventional forms of fixed-response questions such as not allowing the examiner to investigate reasoning, background, or prevent guessing. (Contains 14 references.) (Author/YDS)

  2. Lexical validation of answers in Question Answering

    E-print Network

    Ligozat, Anne-Laure

    Lexical validation of answers in Question Answering Anne-Laure Ligozat, Brigitte Grau, Anne Vilnat answering (QA) aims at retrieving precise in- formation from a large collection of documents, typically, it is impor- tant to evaluate question answering systems. The objective of an Answer Validation task

  3. Answers to Questions in Class Andrew Binder

    E-print Network

    Weinberger, Hans

    Answers to Questions in Class Andrew Binder March 8, 2012 This page contains the answers only to the questions I wrote on the board in class today. There may be typos in this answer sheet, so if your answer stated in class that the phase angle for the last problem is /8. The answer should be /4, and you can

  4. Patterns and Punctuation: Learning to Question Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schlessman, Elizabeth

    2011-01-01

    As teachers plan instruction--even instruction about punctuation--they have the opportunity to engage students' minds and create new labels: question-asking, problem-solving. How teachers teach embeds a vision of who they think kids are and what they think kids are capable of. Are they destined for a future of critical thinking, questioning,…

  5. Revisiting Examination Questions in Tertiary Academic Writing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Marilyn; Starks, Donna

    1997-01-01

    Evaluates Horowitz's (1989) test question categories in a different context from his North American study. Examines questions from two tertiary institutions in New Zealand and compares differences between New Zealand and American institutions. Results suggest that assessment workshops within an institution may be useful for standardizing…

  6. From Asking to Answering: Making Questions Explicit

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washington, Gene

    2006-01-01

    "From Asking To Answering: Making Questions Explicit" describes a pedagogical procedure the author has used in writing classes (expository, technical and creative) to help students better understand the purpose, and effect, of text-questions. It accomplishes this by means of thirteen discrete categories (e.g., CLAIMS, COMMITMENT, ANAPHORA, or…

  7. Can Teacher Questions Be "Too" Open?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parks, Amy Noelle

    2009-01-01

    Many educators recommend using open-ended questions to encourage students to share their thinking. However, inexplicit open-ended questions can make it difficult for students to determine the teacher's intentions and to participate confidently in mathematical conversations. This article describes strategies teachers can use to make the language of…

  8. Teaching with Cases: Learning to Question.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boehrer, John; Linsky, Marty

    1990-01-01

    This chapter discusses the origins of the case method, looks at the question of what is a case, gives ideas about learning in case teaching, the purposes it can serve in the classroom, the ground rules for case discussion, including the role of questions, and new directions for case teaching. (MLW)

  9. Questioning Skills Facilitate Online Synchronous Discussions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, C.-H.

    2005-01-01

    The results of this study show that effective questioning skills increase student intellectual moves that, in turn, facilitate the process of knowledge construction in online synchronous discussion (OSD). The open-ended questions elicited multiple perspectives by promoting student participation, while OSD enabled them to share and debate multiple…

  10. The Right Questions, the Right Way

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiliam, Dylan

    2014-01-01

    According to Dylan Wiliam, the traditional classroom practice in which a teacher asks a question, students raise their hands, and the teacher calls on a volunteer does not actually provide much useful information--and it may even impede learning. When teachers ask questions in this way, they're only engaging the most confident students in the…

  11. Question Answering from FrequentlyAsked Question Files: Experiences with the FAQ Finder System

    E-print Network

    Burke, Robin

    Question Answering from Frequently­Asked Question Files: Experiences with the FAQ Finder System, Noriko Tomuro, & Scott Schoenberg School of Computer Science, DePaul University 243 S. Wabash, Chicago -- not for citation Abstract This paper describes FAQ Finder, a natural language question­answering system that uses

  12. BioGrapher: Biography Questions as a Restricted Domain Question Answering Task

    E-print Network

    de Rijke, Maarten

    University of Amsterdam simaan@science.uva.nl Abstract We address Question Answering (QA) for biograph- icalBioGrapher: Biography Questions as a Restricted Domain Question Answering Task Oren Tsur Text University of Amsterdam mdr@science.uva.nl Khalil Sima'an Institute for Logic, Language and Computation

  13. Bernard Jacquemin, A derivational rephrasing experiment for question answering A derivational rephrasing experiment for question answering

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Bernard Jacquemin, A derivational rephrasing experiment for question answering A derivational rephrasing experiment for question answering Bernard Jacquemin Université de Haute Alace / CREM EA3476 10 rue, preserving the initial meaning; its impact on the re- sults coping with a real issue, ie a question answering

  14. Questions for IIT Waste Diversion RFP Question: What are the recycling/waste goals of IIT?

    E-print Network

    Heller, Barbara

    Questions for IIT ­ Waste Diversion RFP 1 Question: What are the recycling/waste goals of IIT? Answer: Our formal goal is to reduce waste per person by 75% by 2020. For calendar year 2014, our interim goal is to achieve a 60% recycling rate by year-end. Question: Does IIT want a single stream recycling

  15. 2-4-2011 PQ Roster — Provocative Questions

    Cancer.gov

    Provocative Questions Skip to content. | Skip to navigation Personal tools Sign Up Log in Sections Home Home Current RFAs and PQs Community Dialog US Workshops Questions from Workshops Questions Submitted Online Pose a Question Workshops 10-9-2010 PQ

  16. Factor structure of the levels of attribution and change (LAC) scale in samples of psychotherapists and smokers.

    PubMed

    Norcross, J C; Prochaska, J O; Guadagnoli, E; DiClemente, C C

    1984-03-01

    Investigated the factor structure of the Levels of Attribution and Change (LAC) Scale, a 60-item, Likert-format instrument designed to assess the levels and loci of causal attributions about a problem behavior. Principal component analyses were performed on two samples, 194 adult smokers and 140 professional psychotherapists. In both cases, nine distinct and interpretable components were retained, which accounted for 63% and 68% of the total variance, respectively. Coefficients of congruence indicated that the two component patterns were quite similar. Item cross-classification revealed that the nine components closely resemble the 10 theoretical scales, with 2 scales (Familial Conflicts, Interpersonal Conflicts) represented by one component. Estimates of internal consistency averaged .84 and .87 for the two samples. The LAC theoretical scales and the scoring system have considerable empirical justification. The LAC Scale appears to be an internally consistent, multidimensional inventory with a robust factor structure. PMID:6725574

  17. STAT 100, Section 1 Sample final exam questions, Chpt. 2225 Fall, 2005 The following questions are similar to the types of questions you will see on the final

    E-print Network

    Hunter, David

    STAT 100, Section 1 Sample final exam questions, Chpt. 22­25 Fall, 2005 The following questions for some of these sample questions, a calculator will not be needed for the final exam. Question 1 (B) .975 (C) .025 (D) .95 Question 8. If the sample size is large enough, almost any null hypothesis

  18. Student attitudes surveyed in an introductory environmental resources engineering course

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Doreen M. Espinoza; Jeffrey W. White; Elizabeth A. Eschenbach; Eileen M. Cashman

    2004-01-01

    An undergraduate engineering survey course has been redesigned to improve environmental resources engineering and environmental sciences student retention and recruitment. A student survey, containing Likert scale and open-response questions, was developed to measure attitudes and beliefs about the course, major, profession, and abilities. We report results from post-course and paired pre- and post-course surveys. Multivariate analysis of variance on Likert

  19. The Effect of Question Order on Responses to Multiple-choice Questions

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Gray, Kara

    This paper, presented at the 2002 Physics Education Research Conference, investigates how the order of two related FCI questions (#13 and 14) affects students' responses. This study also investigates the effect an unrelated FCI question (#23) has on answers to the above problems. Four versions of a survey were administered before and after instruction to 243 students taking an algebra-based physics class. Versions 1 and 2 of the survey included the related physics questions in opposite order. Versions 3 and 4 included the unrelated physics question and one of the above questions. Student responses for the four versions were compared for both the pre- and post-instruction surveys.

  20. Observe One Place at Many Scales

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Looking at an object or location at different scales provides the observer with a range of views. Details are visible at a small scale while the overall picture is visible on a larger scale. This interactive feature consists of a series of six images of increasingly smaller scale, allowing viewers to see the effects of changing scales. A background essay and list of discussion questions is also provided.

  1. Response to Questions on Presentation to NAS

    SciTech Connect

    Meier, W R

    2011-03-17

    Response to questions on the presentation 'Overview to Chamber and Power Plant Designs for IFE' made at the 1/29-31 meeting of the National Academies Committee on the Prospects for Inertial Confinement Fusion Energy Systems.

  2. Questions and Answers about High Blood Pressure

    MedlinePLUS

    ... High Blood Pressure Questions and Answers About High Blood Pressure What is high blood pressure? Blood pressure is the force of blood ... a doctor. Am I at risk for high blood pressure? Anyone can develop high blood pressure. But ...

  3. The Big Questions For Biodiversity Informatics

    E-print Network

    Peterson, A. Townsend; Knapp, Sandra; Guralnick, Robert P.; Soberó n, Jorge; Holder, Mark T.

    2010-01-01

    of biodiversity information. This emerging field of biodiversity informatics has been growing quickly, but without overarching scientific questions to guide its development; the result has been developments that have no connection to genuine insight and forward...

  4. Alcohol and Public Health: Frequently Asked Questions

    MedlinePLUS

    ... CDC Cancel Submit Search The CDC Alcohol and Public Health Note: Javascript is disabled or is not supported ... please visit this page: About CDC.gov . Alcohol & Public Health Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) Fact Sheets Age 21 ...

  5. ANNUAL REPORT 20112012 ASKING BETTER QUESTIONS

    E-print Network

    Bhunia, Swarup

    spacecraft without using toxic propellants--even ways to solve some of life's everyday annoyances like design?" from "How do you design for the real world?" Better questions lead not just to innovations . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 08 Health.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 Design

  6. Sending diagnostic samples: your questions answered

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sue Cade

    2010-01-01

    Diagnostic veterinary laboratories are regularly asked exactly how samples should be packaged and sent to them. In this article, Sue Cade answers the most commonly asked questions and explains the rules behind sample transportation.

  7. Earthquake Hazards Program: Frequently Asked Questions

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This frequently-asked-questions feature deals with the relationship between earthquakes, faults, and plate tectonics; myths about earthquakes; effects and experiences; preparedness; and many other topics. The page includes a collection of links which may aid in geology instruction.

  8. The Geomagnetic Field: Frequently Asked Questions

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This is a group of frequently asked questions and answers about Earth's magnetic field and poles, the magnetic compass, magnetic reversals, and geomagnetic models. Links to maps and illustrations are embedded in the text.

  9. Current questions on space and time encoding.

    PubMed

    Hasselmo, Michael E; Stern, Chantal E

    2015-06-01

    The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2014 celebrated the groundbreaking findings on place cells and grid cells by John O'Keefe and May-Britt Moser and Edvard Moser. These findings provided an essential foothold for understanding the cognitive encoding of space and time in episodic memory function. This foothold provides a closer view of a broad new world of important research questions raised by the phenomena of place cells and grid cells. These questions concern the mechanisms of generation of place and grid cell firing, including sensory influences, circuit dynamics and intrinsic properties. Similar questions concern the generation of time cells. In addition, questions concern the functional role of place cells, grid cells and time cells in mediating goal-directed behavior and episodic memory function. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:25786389

  10. Laboratory Testing for Anthrax: Frequently Asked Questions

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Questions Which laboratories can test specimens for the bacteria that cause anthrax? Laboratories that are a part ... patient specimens for Bacillus anthracis , the type of bacteria that causes anthrax. LRN labs are strategically located ...

  11. Lymphatic Filariasis: Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

    MedlinePLUS

    ... message, please visit this page: About CDC.gov . Parasites - Lymphatic Filariasis Parasites Home Share Compartir Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) On ... develop clinical symptoms, despite the fact that the parasite damages the lymph system. A small percentage of ...

  12. Olympics: Questions & Answers on the Major Events.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gibbon, Alan

    This book presents background information on the major Olympic events with a question-answer format. Events considered include track and field, swimming, diving, boxing, weightlifting, the equestrian events, and gymnastics. Line drawings illustrate the text. (MM)

  13. Frequently Asked Questions about Genetic Disorders

    MedlinePLUS

    ... used on this page Frequently Asked Questions About Genetic Disorders What are genetic disorders? A genetic disorder is a disease caused ... significant risk of developing the disease. . Geneticists group genetic disorders into three categories: Monogenetic disorders are caused ...

  14. Frequently Asked Questions about Genetic Counseling

    MedlinePLUS

    ... used on this page Frequently Asked Questions About Genetic Counseling What are genetic professionals and what do ... see a geneticist or other specialist? What are genetic professionals and what do they do? Genetics professionals ...

  15. Frequently Asked Questions on Ebola Virus Disease

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Response Network Biorisk Reduction Frequently asked questions on Ebola virus disease May 2015 FAQs from August 2014 ... based on recent evidence. For more information on Ebola virus disease Fact sheet on Ebola virus disease ...

  16. Questions and Answers: Apple Juice and Arsenic

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Home Food Resources for You Consumers Questions & Answers: Apple Juice and Arsenic July 15, 2013 What is ... MMA), may also be a health concern. Are apple and other fruit juices safe to drink? The ...

  17. A Topic Clustering Approach to Finding Similar Questions from Large Question and Answer Archives

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Wei-Nan; Liu, Ting; Yang, Yang; Cao, Liujuan; Zhang, Yu; Ji, Rongrong

    2014-01-01

    With the blooming of Web 2.0, Community Question Answering (CQA) services such as Yahoo! Answers (http://answers.yahoo.com), WikiAnswer (http://wiki.answers.com), and Baidu Zhidao (http://zhidao.baidu.com), etc., have emerged as alternatives for knowledge and information acquisition. Over time, a large number of question and answer (Q&A) pairs with high quality devoted by human intelligence have been accumulated as a comprehensive knowledge base. Unlike the search engines, which return long lists of results, searching in the CQA services can obtain the correct answers to the question queries by automatically finding similar questions that have already been answered by other users. Hence, it greatly improves the efficiency of the online information retrieval. However, given a question query, finding the similar and well-answered questions is a non-trivial task. The main challenge is the word mismatch between question query (query) and candidate question for retrieval (question). To investigate this problem, in this study, we capture the word semantic similarity between query and question by introducing the topic modeling approach. We then propose an unsupervised machine-learning approach to finding similar questions on CQA Q&A archives. The experimental results show that our proposed approach significantly outperforms the state-of-the-art methods. PMID:24595052

  18. A topic clustering approach to finding similar questions from large question and answer archives.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Wei-Nan; Liu, Ting; Yang, Yang; Cao, Liujuan; Zhang, Yu; Ji, Rongrong

    2014-01-01

    With the blooming of Web 2.0, Community Question Answering (CQA) services such as Yahoo! Answers (http://answers.yahoo.com), WikiAnswer (http://wiki.answers.com), and Baidu Zhidao (http://zhidao.baidu.com), etc., have emerged as alternatives for knowledge and information acquisition. Over time, a large number of question and answer (Q&A) pairs with high quality devoted by human intelligence have been accumulated as a comprehensive knowledge base. Unlike the search engines, which return long lists of results, searching in the CQA services can obtain the correct answers to the question queries by automatically finding similar questions that have already been answered by other users. Hence, it greatly improves the efficiency of the online information retrieval. However, given a question query, finding the similar and well-answered questions is a non-trivial task. The main challenge is the word mismatch between question query (query) and candidate question for retrieval (question). To investigate this problem, in this study, we capture the word semantic similarity between query and question by introducing the topic modeling approach. We then propose an unsupervised machine-learning approach to finding similar questions on CQA Q&A archives. The experimental results show that our proposed approach significantly outperforms the state-of-the-art methods. PMID:24595052

  19. Magweth Pengolodh: The Question of Pengolod 

    E-print Network

    Tyellas

    2005-01-01

    Magweth Pengolodh Page 1 Magweth Pengolodh HŤI The Question of Pengolod A Fanfiction Novel for Silmarillion & “History of Middle?Earth” Fans By Tyellas Pausing in Númenor en route to Elvenhome, the elvish loremaster Pengolod decides to... tarry for a time. In the company of both humble Goodman and scions of the Line of Elros, he recalls his past in Middle?Earth, and seeks to answer a question regarding Arda Marred. Contents Prologue...

  20. 6.SP.1 Identifying Statistical Questions

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This is a task from the Illustrative Mathematics website that is one part of a complete illustration of the standard to which it is aligned. Each task has at least one solution and some commentary that addresses important asects of the task and its potential use. Here are the first few lines of the commentary for this task: Which of the following are statistical questions? (A statistical question is one that can be answered by collecting data and where there will be variab...

  1. Development of a scale to measure individuals’ ratings of peace

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background The evolving concept of peace-building and the interplay between peace and health is examined in many venues, including at the World Health Assembly. However, without a metric to determine effectiveness of intervention programs all efforts are prone to subjective assessment. This paper develops a psychometric index that lays the foundation for measuring community peace stemming from intervention programs. Methods After developing a working definition of ‘peace’ and delineating a Peace Evaluation Across Cultures and Environments (PEACE) scale with seven constructs comprised of 71 items, a beta version of the index was pilot-tested. Two hundred and fifty subjects in three sites in the U.S. were studied using a five-point Likert scale to evaluate the psychometric functioning of the PEACE scale. Known groups validation was performed using the SOS-10. In addition, test-retest reliability was performed on 20 subjects. Results The preliminary data demonstrated that the scale has acceptable psychometric properties for measuring an individual’s level of peacefulness. The study also provides reliability and validity data for the scale. The data demonstrated internal consistency, correlation between data and psychological well-being, and test-retest reliability. Conclusions The PEACE scale may serve as a novel assessment tool in the health sector and be valuable in monitoring and evaluating the peace-building impact of health initiatives in conflict-affected regions. PMID:25298781

  2. Do clinicians use more question marks?

    PubMed Central

    Otte, Willem M; van’t Klooster, Maryse A; van Diessen, Eric; Leijten, Frans SS; Sander, Josemir W

    2015-01-01

    Objective To quantify the use of question marks in titles of published studies. Design and setting Literature review. Participants All Pubmed publications between 1 January 2013 and 31 December 2013 with an available abstract. Papers were classified as being clinical when the search terms clin*, med* or patient* were found anywhere in the paper’s title, abstract or the journal’s name. Other papers were considered controls. As a verification, clinical journals were compared to non-clinical journals in two different approaches. Also, 50 highest impact journals were explored for publisher group dependent differences. Main outcome measure Total number of question marks in titles. Results A total of 368,362 papers were classified as clinical and 596,889 as controls. Clinical papers had question marks in 3.9% (95% confidence interval 3.8–4.0%) of titles and other papers in 2.3% (confidence interval 2.3–2.3%; p?question marks in titles of clinical papers than in other papers. This could suggest that clinicians often have a question-driven approach to research and scientists in more fundamental research a hypothesis-driven approach. An alternative explanation is that clinicians like catchy titles. Publishing groups might have pro- and anti-question mark policies.

  3. Skin, Scales and Skulls

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Virginia Aquarium and Marine Science Center

    2009-01-01

    In this activity, learners examine body parts (including skin, scales, and skulls) from fish, mammals and reptiles. Questions are provided to help encourage learner investigations. Several activities are described, including object identification (what animal and what part of the animal?), free sorting of the objects, and a discussion of similarities, differences, and protective functions of the animal parts. It's written for use as a cart demo in a museum or aquarium, but could be done anywhere animal body parts are available.

  4. Psychometric Properties of Measures of Team Diversity with Likert Data

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deng, Lifang; Marcoulides, George A.; Yuan, Ke-Hai

    2015-01-01

    Certain diversity among team members is beneficial to the growth of an organization. Multiple measures have been proposed to quantify diversity, although little is known about their psychometric properties. This article proposes several methods to evaluate the unidimensionality and reliability of three measures of diversity. To approximate the…

  5. From Question Answering to Visual Exploration

    SciTech Connect

    McColgin, Dave W.; Gregory, Michelle L.; Hetzler, Elizabeth G.; Turner, Alan E.

    2006-08-11

    Research in Question Answering has focused on the quality of information retrieval or extraction using the metrics of precision and recall to judge success; these metrics drive toward finding the specific best answer(s) and are best supportive of a lookup type of search. These do not address the opportunity that users? natural language questions present for exploratory interactions. In this paper, we present an integrated Question Answering environment that combines a visual analytics tool for unstructured text and a state-of-the-art query expansion tool designed to compliment the cognitive processes associated with an information analysts work flow. Analysts are seldom looking for factoid answers to simple questions; their information needs are much more complex in that they may be interested in patterns of answers over time, conflicting information, and even related non-answer data may be critical to learning about a problem or reaching prudent conclusions. In our visual analytics tool, questions result in a comprehensive answer space that allows users to explore the variety within the answers and spot related information in the rest of the data. The exploratory nature of the dialog between the user and this system requires tailored evaluation methods that better address the evolving user goals and counter cognitive biases inherent to exploratory search tasks.

  6. In Praise of Questions: Elevating the Role of Questions for Inquiry in Secondary School Science

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Catherine Milne

    2008-01-01

    If scientific inquiry is to be part of the focus in secondary school science, teachers must develop learning situations in which question posing is essential and they must help students learn how to pose scientifically oriented questions. In focusing on questions, teachers and students both play an important role the classroom. Teachers provide rich inquiry-based opportunities for students, while students engage in exploring the phenomena they encounter in class.

  7. Ian Hinchliffe Answers Your Higgs Boson Questions

    ScienceCinema

    Hinchliffe, Ian

    2013-05-29

    contingent with the ATLAS experiment at CERN, answers many of your questions about the Higgs boson. Ian invited viewers to send in questions about the Higgs via email, Twitter, Facebook, or YouTube in an "Ask a Scientist" video posted July 3: http://youtu.be/xhuA3wCg06s CERN's July 4 announcement that the ATLAS and CMS experiments at the Large Hadron Collider have discovered a particle "consistent with the Higgs boson" has raised questions about what scientists have found and what still remains to be found -- and what it all means. If you have suggestions for future "Ask a Scientist" videos, post them below or send ideas to askascientist@lbl.gov

  8. Ian Hinchliffe Answers Your Higgs Boson Questions

    SciTech Connect

    Hinchliffe, Ian

    2012-01-01

    contingent with the ATLAS experiment at CERN, answers many of your questions about the Higgs boson. Ian invited viewers to send in questions about the Higgs via email, Twitter, Facebook, or YouTube in an "Ask a Scientist" video posted July 3: http://youtu.be/xhuA3wCg06s CERN's July 4 announcement that the ATLAS and CMS experiments at the Large Hadron Collider have discovered a particle "consistent with the Higgs boson" has raised questions about what scientists have found and what still remains to be found -- and what it all means. If you have suggestions for future "Ask a Scientist" videos, post them below or send ideas to askascientist@lbl.gov

  9. Open questions in lipid droplet biology.

    PubMed

    Ohsaki, Yuki; Suzuki, Michitaka; Fujimoto, Toyoshi

    2014-01-16

    Lipid droplets (LDs) have been the focus of intense research for the past decade because of their active engagement in lipid metabolism and relationship with diseases. In contrast to other intracellular organelles, LDs are composed of a mass of hydrophobic lipid esters that is covered with a phospholipid monolayer. The unique architecture makes the LD a formidable object to study by the methods available today, and many fundamental questions remain unanswered. This review focuses on some of those questions, such as how LDs form and grow, how proteins move to and from LDs, and how LDs are related to protein degradation; we will also discuss what is not known about LDs. We think that small LDs that have thus far eluded analysis are the key to resolving many of the above-mentioned questions. PMID:24239006

  10. Questions and Physical Reality -Simple Philosophical considerations-

    E-print Network

    Michele Caponigro; Helen Lynn

    2006-08-01

    We argue, through some philosophical considerations, on (i)dependent or (ii) an independent existence of physical reality underlying quantum states. According these simple considerations, we conclude that is impossible to have a clear independent existence of physical reality, we need to search the reasons in the relationship between our questions (the observers) and the consequent answers (always estimated by the same observers). Finally, we infer that every theory is affected by our "questions", so we cannot speak about an unconditional and independent theory underlying physical reality. Plan of the paper. The existence of physical reality underlying quantum states: (i) it before bit,(ii)it without bit,(iii)it from bit.

  11. Why "Who Is the Client?" Is the Wrong Ethical Question

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fisher, Mary Alice

    2014-01-01

    The familiar question "Who is the client?" elicits a singular answer. This may be appropriate as a clinical question, and it is sometimes necessary as a legal question or reimbursement question, but on ethical questions, the National Association of School Psychologists Ethics Code requires school psychologists to "think plural"…

  12. STAT 100, Section 4 Sample Final Exam Questions, Part 2 Fall 2012 The following questions are similar to the types of questions you will see on the final

    E-print Network

    Hunter, David

    STAT 100, Section 4 Sample Final Exam Questions, Part 2 Fall 2012 The following questions. On this sample exam, some of the choices may require a calculator. Question 61. It is known. Question 67. To obtain a margin of error of 1% we need a sample of size: (A) 1,000 (B) 100,000 (C) 10

  13. Metric Equivalence of the Bidimensional Acculturation Scale, the Satisfaction with Life Scale, and the Self-Construal Scale across Spanish and English Language Versions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singelis, Theodore M.; Yamada, Ann Marie; Barrio, Concepcion; Laney, Joshua Harrison; Her, Pa; Ruiz-Anaya, Alejandrina; Lennertz, Sara Terwilliger

    2006-01-01

    The metric equivalence of translated scales is often in question but seldom examined. This study presents test-retest data that support the metric equivalence of the Spanish and English language versions of three measures: the Bidimensional Acculturation Scale, the Satisfaction with Life Scale, and the Self-Construal Scale. Participants were…

  14. A Questioning Environment for Scaffolding Learners' Questioning Engagement with Academic Text: A University Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hardman, J.; Ng'ambi, D.

    2003-01-01

    Access to the textual world of academia requires that learners are familiar with the critical open-ended questioning stance demanded by textuality. Anecdotal evidence suggests that learners registered for the Bachelor of Education Honours degree are unable to generate appropriate questions to interrogate academic text, impacting on their ability…

  15. Questions in Cuban and CaribbeanQuestions in Cuban and Caribbean Archaeology:Archaeology

    E-print Network

    Martin, Jeff

    Questions in Cuban and CaribbeanQuestions in Cuban and Caribbean Archaeology:Archaeology: Across was not only the biggest language in the Caribbean, but was also used as lingua franca throughout the region evidence about their language, only place names · Theory: the only non-Arawak language in the Caribbean Sea

  16. Analysis of Instructional Consultants' Questions and Alternatives to Questions during the Problem Identification Interview

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benn, A. Efrat; Jones, Grace W.; Rosenfield, Sylvia

    2008-01-01

    This study sought to determine the relation between Instructional Consultants' communication skills and competence using videotapes of simulated Problem Identification interviews. A quantitative analysis identified the frequencies of questions and alternatives to questions used, and the qualitative analysis examined the content of the…

  17. The Importance of Questioning & Questions for Consideration in Programming for Intercultural Language Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morgan, Anne-Marie

    2008-01-01

    The significance of questioning in intercultural language learning was highlighted during Phase 1 of the project as project team members worked with teachers preparing units of work and long-term programs. This paper explores the types of questions asked by team members to elicit teachers' thinking regarding students' learning and teachers' roles…

  18. Grand challenge scientific questions in coupled modeling

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Koch, Steven

    1993-01-01

    Most convective field experiments in the past (e.g., SESAME, CCOPE, CINDE) have attempted to resolve only the immediate scales of moist convection using network arrays that spanned two or three atmospheric scales at most. Furthermore, these scales have been defined more on practical considerations (cost, manpower, etc.) than on a clear understanding of their theoretical significance. Unfortunately, this has precluded a description of the entire life cycle of MCS's and their interaction with larger scale systems, the land surface, and trace species. Fortunately, the following factors now make it possible to attempt to simulate scale contraction processes from the synoptic scale down to the cloud scale, as well as interactions between complex meteorological, land surface, precipitation, chemical, and hydrologic processes with coupled, multiscale models: the availability of new technology to sample meteorological fields at high temporal and spatial resolution over a broad region made possible by the weather observing modernization program; increased computer power and improved numerical approaches to run limited area models with nonhydrostatic precipitation physics so as to explicitly resolve MCS (Mesoscale Convective System) processes; and four dimensional assimilation of non-conventional data to provide dynamically consistent datasets for diagnostic analysis of nonlinear scale-interactive dynamics. Several examples of scale-interactive processes which present grand challenges for coupled, multiscale modeling were presented.

  19. Meiosis Study Questions General Biology 2

    E-print Network

    Prestwich, Ken

    Meiosis Study Questions General Biology 2 1. Does meiosis generate new alleles? Explain. 2. What are the two main functional outcomes of meiosis in terms of the genetics of the final daughter cells? 3. What are the two mechanisms whereby meiosis creates genetic groupings that were different from those inherited from

  20. New Busch Building Frequently Asked Questions Requirements

    E-print Network

    New Busch Building Frequently Asked Questions Requirements: What are the requirements for living in this new building? o General Residents Must be in one of the following Schools: Arts and Sciences position but still wish to live in the building as a general resident if not chosen for a leadership

  1. Student Learning Commons Questions & Answers for Faculty

    E-print Network

    Student Learning Commons Questions & Answers for Faculty What is the SFU Student Learning Commons with academic writing, studying and learning strategies, English language support, and works closely lectures, or developing more effective studying strategies. Can faculty send students to the SLC? Faculty

  2. Theory of laminated turbulence: open questions

    E-print Network

    E. Kartashova

    2006-11-17

    Theory of laminated turbulnece includes continuous layer of turbulence (statistical description, kinetic equations, Zakharov-Kolmogorov spectra, etc) AND discrete layer of turbulence (isolated groups of interacting waves, no statisticaldescription). This theory is presented, examples of possible applications are given, important open questions are formulated.

  3. Creating with the 4 Essential Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coy, Mary

    2009-01-01

    As part of a Professional Learning Community (PLC), the author is asked to focus on the four essential questions of learning when developing projects: (1) What is it teachers want their students to learn?; (2) How will teachers know if each student has learned it?; (3) How will teachers respond when some students do not learn it?; and (4) How can…

  4. Extracting Simplified Statements for Factual Question Generation

    E-print Network

    Eskenazi, Maxine

    Minister Vladimir V. Putin, the country's paramount leader, cut short a trip to Siberia, returning to Moscow to oversee the federal response. Mr. Putin built his reputation in part on his success set of questions:3 (2) Prime Minister Vladimir V. Putin is the country's paramount leader. (3) Prime

  5. Ask the Experts: March 2005 - Question #1

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2005-03-01

    Have you ever wondered what would be considered a native species in a place such as Hawaii? It seems like everything that exists there was introduced to the Aloha State because nothing live came up without the lava from the ocean waters when the islands formed... Discover the answer to this thought-provoking question in this month's, "Ask the Experts" column.

  6. The AP Descriptive Chemistry Question: Student Errors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crippen, Kent; Brooks, David W.

    2005-01-01

    For over a decade, the authors have been involved in a design theory experiment providing software for high school students preparing for the descriptive question on the Advanced Placement (AP) chemistry examination. Since 1997, the software has been available as a Web site offering repeatable practice. This study describes a 4-year project during…

  7. Modular Towers Construction and Diophantine Questions

    E-print Network

    Fried, Michael

    Modular Towers Construction and Diophantine Questions Pierre D`ebes Abstract. Modular towers|). The tower of modular curves X1 (pn ) (n>0) is the original example: the group G is then the dihedral group Dp. There are diophantine conjectures on modular towers, inspired by modular curves: the spirit

  8. On a question of Cooper and Kennedy

    E-print Network

    Prodinger, Helmut

    On a question of Cooper and Kennedy@rsmb.tuwien.ac.at In [2], Cooper and Kennedy note the following: If xn = axn-1 + bxn-2 + cxn. Kennedy. Proof of a result by Jarden by generalizing* * a proof of Carlitz. Fibonacci Quarterly, 33

  9. Science's Big Questions / Deep Impact Update

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This radio broadcast addresses two issues. The first segment consists of discussion and interviews with researchers about what they believe to be the biggest remaining unanswered questions in science. In the second segment, a project scientist with NASA's Deep Impact mission talks about what researchers have learned about Comet Tempel-1 in the few days after the probe's collision with it.

  10. Job Interview: Disability-Related Questions

    E-print Network

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    Job Interview: Disability-Related Questions (What IS and IS NOT ok to ask in a job interview for the job (such as education, training, experience, skills, or licenses) and perform the essential functions of the job. But how can the employer find this out without violating the sometimes confusing rules of the ADA

  11. Learning How to Ask Research Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Musante, Susan

    2010-01-01

    Collaborative research is a demanding endeavor, and for a group of undergraduate students tasked with identifying their own interdisciplinary research problem, the challenges are even greater. "It was scary--we didn't know what to ask the professors, and we couldn't decide on a research question," says Miran Park, a student at the University of…

  12. Why Would Someone Make Questionable Methodological Judgments?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howard, George S.

    1994-01-01

    Responds to article by Horan, Hanish, Keen, Saberi, and Hird (1993) criticizing Howard and Curtin's (1993) study of productivity and impact in counseling psychology and offering different version of productivity study. Contends that Horan et al.'s questioning of Howard and Curtin's methodological decisions is unfounded and at variance with facts…

  13. Curriculum Issues: Using Questions to Elevate Thinking

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    VanTassel-Baska, Joyce

    2012-01-01

    Instructional strategies have always been underestimated for their role in enhancing gifted student learning. The use of deliberate questions is a critical strategy for getting gifted students to learn about their world in more complex and in-depth ways. It provides multiple pathways for challenging the gifted through their content learning. It…

  14. The Theatre Production Course: Questions and Considerations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Education Agency, Austin. Div. of Curriculum Development.

    Prepared as an aid to implementing a theatre production course for grades 9 through 12, this guide is designed to enable students who are participating in play production activities to receive recognition and academic credit for their many hours of creative and educational endeavor. The first portion of the guide answers questions frequently asked…

  15. Synthesis of Research on Teachers' Questioning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gall, Meredith

    1984-01-01

    Reseach on use of questioning in classroom teaching reveals that recitation is a poor method, but teachers use it anyway because it is effective in teaching curriculum that is largely textbook based. Teacher educators may be advised to help teachers learn to use recitation well. (MD)

  16. Sample Exam Questions University of Waterloo

    E-print Network

    Waterloo, University of

    . You should use this as a guide to the "relevance" of the various questions to the course material catching fish with all 8 arms out of a passing school of fish. 1 #12;2 CS488/688 Introduction to Computer

  17. Questions of Intimacy: Rethinking Population Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King, Linda, Ed.

    This document contains 14 papers that examine recent changes in the definition, principles, and delivery of population education throughout the world. The paper titles are as follows: "Introduction" (Linda King); "Reaching Men for Health and Development" (Benno de Keijzer); "Boys, Men and Questions of Masculinity in South Africa" (Robert Morrell);…

  18. Increasing Deception Detection Accuracy with Strategic Questioning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levine, Timothy R.; Shaw, Allison; Shulman, Hillary C.

    2010-01-01

    One explanation for the finding of slightly above-chance accuracy in detecting deception experiments is limited variance in sender transparency. The current study sought to increase accuracy by increasing variance in sender transparency with strategic interrogative questioning. Participants (total N = 128) observed cheaters and noncheaters who…

  19. Children answered 24 questions in 3 sections

    E-print Network

    Haase, Markus

    Children answered 24 questions in 3 sections: · General knowledge ­ e.g. how many minutes month comes after August? Short-Term Tasks Children completed two computer tasks designed using Kinelab: · Sequencing: Children saw six shapes in succession, before having to indicate the order they were presented

  20. Questions on uncertainties in parton distributions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. S. Thorne; H Böttcher; A. M. Cooper-Sarkar; B. Reisert; V Shekelyan; W. J. Stirling; D. R. Stump; A. Vogt

    2002-01-01

    A discussion is presented of the manner in which uncertainties in parton distributions and related quantities are determined. One of the central problems is the criteria used to judge what variation of the parameters describing a set of partons is acceptable within the context of a global fit. Various ways of addressing this question are outlined.(From the workshop ‘Advanced Statistical

  1. Text Dependent Questions and the CCSS

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aspen Institute, 2012

    2012-01-01

    An effective text dependent question first and foremost embraces the key principle of close reading embedded in the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) Anchor Reading Standards by asking students to provide evidence from complex text and draw inferences based on what the text explicitly says (Standards 1 and 10). A close look at the intervening…

  2. Comprehensive Written Exams: Questions and Answers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hardy, Janice Valerye

    This document contains four papers that are answers to comprehensive examination questions of a doctoral student in instructional technology. The first paper, "Federal Support and Funding of School Library Media Programs into the 21st Century," includes sections on why federal support and funding are needed, how school library media programs…

  3. Forthcoming, Policy Sciences Ask a Simple Question

    E-print Network

    Sadeh, Norman M.

    scientist of the last millennium, died on February 9, 2001, aged 84. Simon's lifelong obsession was to understand how humans make decisions and solve problems. The obsession was triggered by a policy question posed to him at the age of 19 about allocation behavior in a municipal government. This obsession

  4. Memorial Consequences of Answering SAT II Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marsh, Elizabeth J.; Agarwal, Pooja K.; Roediger, Henry L., III

    2009-01-01

    Many thousands of students take standardized tests every year. In the current research, we asked whether answering standardized test questions affects students' later test performance. Prior research has shown both positive and negative effects of multiple-choice testing on later tests, with negative effects arising from students selecting…

  5. Common Questions Why should I soil test?

    E-print Network

    Isaacs, Rufus

    Common Questions Why should I soil test? Soil testing is an important diagnostic tool to evaluate nutrient imbalances and understand plant growth. The most important reason to soil test is to have a basis for intelligent application of fertilizer and lime. Testing also allows for growers and homeowners to maintain

  6. Insistent Questions in Our Learning Age

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sheppard, Beverly

    2010-01-01

    Changes in the content and structure of museum/school programs reveal serious questions about how museums are perceived as essential educational resources. In this article, the author examines this relationship as symptomatic of the continuing marginalization of museums in public policy and recognition and, ultimately, public support. She urges…

  7. Business Education: Addressing the "What" Question

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Almoharby, Darwish

    2008-01-01

    In an attempt to diversify the economy and stimulate private enterprise development, government agencies and private institutions in many countries have emphasized the importance of setting up and developing small and medium-size enterprises and promoting entrepreneurship. An important question confronting policy makers, however, is how they can…

  8. Vocation Project Interview Questions--Support Document

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wheelahan, Leesa; Leahy, Mary; Fredman, Nick; Moodie, Gavin; Arkoudis, Sophie; Bexley, Emmaline

    2012-01-01

    This document was produced by the authors based on their research for the report "Missing Links: The Fragmented Relation between Tertiary Education and Jobs. It is an added resource for further information. It contains interview questions for: (1) graduates; (2) learning advisors; (3) managers; (4) pathways officers; (5) students; and (6)…

  9. Questions & Answers about...Marfan Syndrome.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Inst. of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIH), Bethesda, MD.

    This fact sheet answers general questions about Marfan syndrome, a heritable condition that affects the connective tissue. It describes the characteristics of the disorder, the diagnostic process, and ways to manage symptoms. Characteristics include: (1) people with Marfan syndrome are typically very tall, slender, and loose jointed; (2) more than…

  10. Why-Questions : 87 SYLVALN BROMBERGER

    E-print Network

    Fitelson, Branden

    else can be discovered and judged. This inspiration gave me then a very rare joy which was, of course exposed to air.' We will not be concerned with every sort of why-question. We will ignore why, we will reserve the term answer to refer to what is conveyed by the sentence at p abstracted from

  11. On Claims That Answer the Wrong Questions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James G. Greeno

    1997-01-01

    Anderson, Reder, and Simon (1996) contested four propositions that they incorrectly called “claims of situated learning.” This response argues that the important differences between situative and cognitive perspectives are not addressed by discussion of these imputed claims. Instead, there are significant differences in the framing assumptions of the two perspectives. I clarify these differences by inferring questions to which Anderson

  12. SUPPLEMENTAL APPLICATION PLEASE ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS

    E-print Network

    Glasser, Adrian

    SUPPLEMENTAL APPLICATION PLEASE ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS a. If you have ever applied to UHCO? Applicant Full Name: OptomCas ID#: RESIDENCY Yes No 1. Are you a Texas Resident? 2. If you answered "No" What is your State of Residency? 3. If you answered "Yes" to Q1, On whom are you basing your claim

  13. Memorial consequences of answering SAT II questions.

    PubMed

    Marsh, Elizabeth J; Agarwal, Pooja K; Roediger, Henry L

    2009-03-01

    Many thousands of students take standardized tests every year. In the current research, we asked whether answering standardized test questions affects students' later test performance. Prior research has shown both positive and negative effects of multiple-choice testing on later tests, with negative effects arising from students selecting incorrect alternatives on multiple-choice tests and then believing they were correct (Roediger & Marsh, 2005). In the current experiments, undergraduates and high school students answered multiple-choice questions retired from SAT II tests (that are no longer in the testing pool) on biology, chemistry, U.S. history, and world history, and later answered cued-recall questions about these subjects. In 3 experiments, we observed positive testing effects: More final cued-recall questions were answered correctly if the items had appeared on the initial multiple-choice test. We also sometimes observed negative testing effects: intrusions of multiple-choice distractors as answers on the final cued-recall test. Students who scored well on the initial test benefited from taking the test, but lower achieving students showed either less benefit (undergraduates) or costs from the testing (high school students). PMID:19309212

  14. Frequently Asked Questions about Today's Cryptography

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Many common questions about cryptography are answered in this May 2000 handbook by RSA Security, Inc. The contents include a basic introduction to cryptography, tools, applications, problems, cryptoanalysis, techniques, real world uses of cryptography, and legal issues. There is also some discussion of mathematical concepts involved and suggestions for further reading.

  15. Suicide in America Frequently asked questions

    E-print Network

    Baker, Chris I.

    adults? Older adults are at risk for suicide, too. In fact, white males age 85 and older consistentlySuicide in America Frequently asked questions National Institute of Mental Health U.S. DeparTMeNT of HealTH aND HUMaN ServIceS National Institutes of Health #12;· · · · · · · · Suicide

  16. Questions and Answers about CD ROM.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuhn, Carolyn

    1987-01-01

    Question and answer column about the CD ROM medium discusses: (1) optical storage devices available; (2) language teaching applications; (3) types of courseware available; (4) costs to hook up a CD ROM drive as a peripheral to an existing system; (5) how to go about developing and mastering a disk; and (6) mastering and replication costs.…

  17. Thinking through Quality Questioning: Deepening Student Engagement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walsh, Jackie Acree; Sattes, Beth Dankert

    2011-01-01

    This groundbreaking book provides teachers with an accessible, research-based blueprint for developing student metacognitive skills and ensuring that students take responsibility for their own learning. The authors use the findings of cognitive scientists to highlight quality questioning behaviors and explain how to apply them for improved student…

  18. The Big Questions of Public Administration Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Denhardt, Robert B.

    2001-01-01

    Identifies four questions related to public administration education: (1) do we seek to educate students with respect to theory or practice? (2) do we prepare students for first jobs or later jobs? (3) what are appropriate delivery systems? and (4) what personal commitments do we make as public administrators? (Contains 48 references.) (JOW)

  19. Six questions about translational due diligence.

    PubMed

    Selinger, Evan

    2010-04-28

    To maintain stable respect and support, translational research must be guided by appropriate ethical, social, legal, and political concerns and carry out culturally competent practices. Considering six key questions concerning due diligence will enable the translational research community to examine critically how it approaches these endeavors. PMID:20427818

  20. EECS Town Hall Agenda Most popular questions

    E-print Network

    California at Irvine, University of

    EECS Town Hall Agenda Most popular questions: · - "How are faculty encouraged to be good advisers at this town hall and make sure that this is not just another report on shelf? - Faculty usually get feedback from graduate students through student administered quizzes. This is the first town hall in 10 years

  1. Benedict Arnold: A Question of Honor.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nicolosi, Annie; O'Connell, Libby Haight; Rust, Mead

    2003-01-01

    The spring 2003 The Idea Book for Educators highlights television programming from the Arts and Entertainment Network (A&E), the History Channel, and the Biography Channel, with a focus on an A&E original movie premiere, "Benedict Arnold: A Question of Honor." The booklet contains the following materials: "A&E Study Guide: Benedict Arnold: A…

  2. Treatment of Anthrax Disease Frequently Asked Questions

    SciTech Connect

    Judd, Kathleen S.; Young, Joan E.; Lesperance, Ann M.; Malone, John D.

    2010-05-14

    This document provides a summary of Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on the treatment of anthrax disease caused by a wide-area release of Bacillus anthracis spores as an act bioterrorism. These FAQs are intended to provide the public health and medical community, as well as others, with guidance and communications to support the response and long-term recovery from an anthrax event.

  3. Epistemology: Five Questions Joseph Y. Halpern

    E-print Network

    Halpern, Joseph Y.

    Epistemology: Five Questions Joseph Y. Halpern Professor Computer Science Dept. Cornell Unversity Ithaca, NY http://www.cs.cornell.edu/home/halpern 1. Why were you initially drawn to epistemology (and what keeps you in- terested)? I was initially drawn to epistemology because I enjoyed looking

  4. An Integrated Skills Approach Using Feature Movies in EFL at Tertiary Level

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tuncay, Hidayet

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents the results of a case study based on an integrated skills approach using feature movies (DVDs) in EFL syllabi at the tertiary level. 100 students took part in the study and the data was collected through a three - section survey questionnaire: demographic items, 18 likert scale questions and an open-ended question. The data…

  5. Proposta de Instrumento de Mensuraçăo do Grau de Conscięncia Ambiental, do Consumo Ecológico e dos Critérios de Compra dos Consumidores A Proposal of Environment Conscious Degree Measurement Tool, Environment Friendly Consume, and Consumer Shopping Criteria

    Microsoft Academic Search

    ROGIS FLOR BERTOLINI; OSMAR POSSAMAI

    The tool proposed in this article consists in the evaluation of consumer environment conscious degree, envi- ronment friendly consume, and criteria used by consumers when selecting products. This instrument was built utilizing the modal Quality Profile and Likert Scales as reference. The proposed tool is composed of twenty closed questions and one open question. Elaboration of this tool was based

  6. The Use of Technology by Nonformal Environmental Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peffer, Tamara Elizabeth; Bodzin, Alec M.; Smith, Judith Duffield

    2013-01-01

    This study examined the use of instructional and learning technologies by nonformal environmental educators. A 40-question survey was developed to inquire about practitioner demographics, technology use in practice, and beliefs about technology. The survey consisted of multiple choice, open-ended questions, and a Likert-type scale component--the…

  7. How Personality and Gender May Relate to Individual Attitudes toward Caring for and about Others

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ruf, Deborah L.; Radosevich, David M.

    2009-01-01

    Heightened global awareness and caring are reported as attributes of high intelligence. But we noted enough exceptions in our gifted clientele to question whether feelings of global concern are further related to personality type and gender. A nonrandom sample of 124 bright adults responded to author-developed Likert scale online survey questions

  8. Epistemologies, conceptions of learning, and study practices in medicine and psychology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. Lonka; S. Lindblom-Ylänne

    1996-01-01

    The subjects (N = 175), freshmen and fifth year students in psychology (n = 59) and medicine (n = 116), described their modes of studying by answering open-ended questions and Likert-type questions, presented to them within a task booklet. They were first asked to write down their own subjective definitions of learning. Scales to classify the answers were adopted from

  9. Ground Water and Drinking Water: Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This site, from the Office of Ground Water and Drinking Water, presents a list of most frequently asked questions (with answers). Question topics include: drinking water standards, getting information about your tap water and questions about bottled water.

  10. Pew Research Center Global Attitudes Project Question Database

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Pew Research Center

    The Pew Global Attitudes Project Question Database includes survey questions from all Pew Global Attitudes polls since 2001. To search for a question, enter any keyword or combination of words and/or select a topic area of interest.

  11. Exam Question Exchange: A Popular Approach to Reaction Kinetics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collins, Michael P. S.; Alexander, John J., Ed.

    1979-01-01

    Presents an undergraduate physical chemistry question and its acceptable solution. This question, presented to share exam questions with other teachers, shows the analogy between molecular kinetics and population dynamics. (HM)

  12. 10 CFR 709.12 - Defining polygraph examination questions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 false Defining polygraph examination questions. 709...Security § 709.12 Defining polygraph examination questions. The examiner...determines the exact wording of the polygraph questions based on the...

  13. 10 CFR 709.12 - Defining polygraph examination questions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 false Defining polygraph examination questions. 709...Security § 709.12 Defining polygraph examination questions. The examiner...determines the exact wording of the polygraph questions based on the...

  14. 10 CFR 709.12 - Defining polygraph examination questions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 false Defining polygraph examination questions. 709...Security § 709.12 Defining polygraph examination questions. The examiner...determines the exact wording of the polygraph questions based on the...

  15. Use of social network sites for question and answer behavior

    E-print Network

    Panovich, Katrina (Katrina Marie)

    2011-01-01

    In this thesis, we look at the behavior of posting questions as status updates on popular social network sites like Twitter and Facebook. This question asking behavior is similar to the use of search engines, question and ...

  16. NCI Community Cancer Centers Program - Frequently Asked Questions

    Cancer.gov

    NCI Community Cancer Centers Program - Frequently Asked Questions Search NCCCP Contact Us Overview Frequently Asked Questions Frequently Asked Questions NCI Community Cancer Centers Program Pilot: 2007-2010 Key Points The NCI Community

  17. Questions to Ask Your Doctor about Treatment Clinical Trials

    MedlinePLUS

    ... been in the trial? Questions about Risks and Benefits What are the possible side effects or risks ... can help answer any questions from my insurance company? Questions about Daily Life How could the trial ...

  18. Nikzad_Answers 314.pdf Student questions: Shouleh Nikzad colloquium on "From Nebulae to Neurons

    E-print Network

    Rhoads, James

    of light have to be compatible. Question 1: It was mentioned that some micro devices could be tailored smaller, that is why back illumination comes into play to restore the photon sensing portion of the pixel, we still need to have pixels that can detect photons and the length scale of pixels and wavelength

  19. Secondary Students' Stable and Unstable Optics Conceptions Using Contextualized Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chu, Hye-Eun; Treagust, David F.

    2014-01-01

    This study focuses on elucidating and explaining reasons for the stability of and interrelationships between students' conceptions about "Light Propagation" and "Visibility of Objects" using contextualized questions across 3 years of secondary schooling from Years 7 to 9. In a large-scale quantitative study involving 1,233…

  20. First Light and Reionization : open questions in the post-JWST era

    E-print Network

    Sirianni, Marco

    a different power spectrum. Observational results on these objects would therefore place constraints on the dark matter power spectrum at scales not otherwise easily testable. A first question is then: When & Rees 2000). A difficulty in this scenario is the effect of black hole mergers which tends to eject

  1. The impact of initial teacher education on understandings of physical education: Asking the right question

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Déirdre Ní Chróinín; Maura Coulter

    2012-01-01

    Evaluation of professional socialisation can provide insight on the impact of Physical Education Teacher Education. A large-scale (n=326) single question ‘What is PE?’ qualitative methodology was used to access pre-service primary teachers’ understandings of the nature and purpose of physical education . Data analysis involved word frequency queries and coding using a qualitative coding framework based on the dominant discourses

  2. Proposing Questions for the Upcoming Midterm Exam

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Leslie Gertsch

    This in-class exercise is done during the last half of the class meeting prior to a midterm exam (which is held during a class period), to get the students to initiate their own review processes. To begin, a map of the lecture hall is shown, divided into a large number of seating areas (18, in the example used in the attached material). The exact number is not too important, it just needs to be enough to ensure not too much repetition yet sufficient variety among the teams. Each seating area is assigned a particular type of exam question (diagram, matching, ordering, multiple answer, short essay answer, or whatever other question types you use) and a topic that will be on the immediately upcoming midterm exam. The topics are currently taken from the textbook, divided relatively finely but not so finely that there is insufficient material for them to formulate an exam question from the material. Ten minutes is allotted for the students to form groups of 2-3 (more in a team is less productive for individual students), then for each team to review its assigned topic, and to create a reasonable question and answer set in the assigned format. Following this, another 10 minutes is allotted for the teams to evaluate one other team's set and to work out improvements with the originating team, if needed. (This last activity doesn't always happen.) At the end of this stage I collect a copy of the question, the answer, the names of the originators, and the names of the checkers for each Q&A set. I post all the question/answer sets on Blackboard as fast as I can enter them, so they can serve all the students as a review basis for the exam. Depending on my schedule, that can take from 2-6 hours. I try not to correct incorrect answers or other problems, preferring instead to post a warning (see attached examples) urging students to check the answers given. This is not generally successful, as many students merely memorize the list, right or wrong, without apparently checking it.

  3. Public library patrons' use of collaborative chat reference service: The effectiveness of question answering by question type

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nahyun Kwon

    2007-01-01

    This study investigated the effectiveness of question answering by question types in the inter-institutional collaborative chat reference service at a public library system. In particular, this study examined whether subject-based research type questions are answered as effectively as simple factual type questions, and whether local-specific questions are answered as effectively as non-local questions in the inter-institutional chat reference service. Effectiveness

  4. Essential questions on suicide bereavement and postvention.

    PubMed

    Andriessen, Karl; Krysinska, Karolina

    2012-01-01

    During the past decades public and research interest in postvention, i.e., support for families and communities after a suicide, has increased. However, the postvention field is still facing a number of important challenges and questions. This article aims to discuss a series of essential issues on suicide bereavement and postvention, regarding the current state of the art and future developments. Who is a suicide survivor and how many suicide survivors are there? Is suicide bereavement different from other types of bereavement? What are the needs of suicide survivors and what is postvention from a clinical perspective and from a public health perspective? Can postvention be prevention? With this last question, the article concludes with a series of recommendations in order to strengthen the potential of postvention as prevention. PMID:22470275

  5. Frequently asked questions about global modeling.

    PubMed

    Letellier, Christophe; Aguirre, Luis A; Freitas, U S

    2009-06-01

    When a global model is attempted from experimental data, some preprocessing might be required. Therefore it is only natural to wonder what kind of effects the preprocessing might have on the modeling procedure. This concern is manifested in the form of recurrent frequently asked questions, such as "how does the preprocessing affect the underlying dynamics?" This paper aims at providing answers to important questions related to (i) data interpolation, (ii) data smoothing, (iii) data-estimated derivatives, (iv) model structure selection, and (v) model validation. The answers provided will hopefully remove some of those doubts and one shall be more confident not only on global modeling but also on various data analyses which may be also dependent on data preprocessing. PMID:19566238

  6. Methodological questions in studying consonant acquisition

    PubMed Central

    Edwards, Jan; Beckman, Mary E.

    2009-01-01

    Consonant mastery is one of the most widely used metrics of typical phonological acquisition and of phonological disorder. Two fundamental methodological questions concerning research on consonant acquisition are (1) how to elicit a representative sample of productions and (2) how to analyse this sample once it has been collected. This paper address these two questions by reviewing relevant aspects of experience in evaluating word-initial consonant accuracy from transcriptions of isolated-word productions elicited from 2- and 3-year-olds learning four different first languages representing a telling range of consonant systems (English, Cantonese, Greek, Japanese). It is suggested that both researchers and clinicians should consider a number of different item-related factors, such as phonotactic probability and word length, when constructing word lists to elicit consonant productions from young children. This study also proposes that transcription should be supplemented by acoustic analysis and the perceptual judgements of naďve listeners. PMID:19031192

  7. Analysis of questioned documents: a review.

    PubMed

    Calcerrada, Matías; García-Ruiz, Carmen

    2015-01-01

    During the last years (2000-2014), many publications concerning the forensic analysis of questioned documents have been published, and new techniques and methodologies are nowadays employed to overcome forensic caseworks. This article reviews a comprehensive collection of the works focused on this issue, including dating studies, the analysis of inks from pens and printers, the analysis of paper, the analysis of other samples related to questioned documents and studies on intersecting lines. These sections highlight the most relevant analytical studies by a wide range of analytical techniques. Separation and spectrometric techniques are critically discussed and compared, emphasizing the advantages and disadvantages of each one. Finally, concluding remarks on the research published are included. PMID:25467455

  8. Management of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) questions & answers

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1995-11-01

    This {open_quotes}Management of PCBs Questions and Answers{close_quotes} has been developed from a presentation given by Dr. John Smith of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the transcribed question and answer session which followed the presentation. Dr. Smith was featured at the first DOE complex-wide PCB Focus Group meeting held in San Francisco, California in December 1992. The meeting was attended by representatives from field elements who were actively involved in the management of PCBs. The meeting served as a forum for the exchange of information and discussion of PCB management issues. This document has been prepared as one of several guidance documents developed by the Department of Energy Office of Environmental Policy and Assistance (EH-41) (formerly the Office of Environmental Guidance, EH-23) to assist DOE elements in their PCB management programs. This document is organized into three parts: (1) an introduction describing the conception and development of this document, (2) a summary of Dr. Smith`s presentation, and (3) the question and answer session.

  9. Toward Question-Asking Machines: The Logic of Questions and the Inquiry Calculus

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Knuth,Kevin H.

    2005-01-01

    For over a century, the study of logic has focused on the algebra of logical statements. This work, first performed by George Boole, has led to the development of modern computers, and was shown by Richard T. Cox to be the foundation of Bayesian inference. Meanwhile the logic of questions has been much neglected. For our computing machines to be truly intelligent, they need to be able to ask relevant questions. In this paper I will show how the Boolean lattice of logical statements gives rise to the free distributive lattice of questions thus defining their algebra. Furthermore, there exists a quantity analogous to probability, called relevance, which quantifies the degree to which one question answers another. I will show that relevance is not only a natural generalization of information theory, but also forms its foundation.

  10. The Effect of Question Preview in Listening Comprehension Tests.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sherman, Jane

    1997-01-01

    Presents the results of four versions of an English-as-a-Second-Language listening test: one with questions before, one with questions after, one with questions sandwiched between two hearings and one without questions. Subjects completed questionnaires and wrote a free recall. Results from the recall were inconclusive, but in the tests, the…

  11. Document Retrieval in the Context of Question Answering

    E-print Network

    Monz, Christof

    -mail: christof@science.uva.nl URL: www.science.uva.nl/~christof Abstract. Current question answering systems relyDocument Retrieval in the Context of Question Answering Christof Monz Language & Inference's question. A question answering system heavily depends on the effectiveness of a retrieval system

  12. Managing Affect in Learners' Questions in Undergraduate Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pedrosa-de-Jesus, Helena; Watts, Mike

    2014-01-01

    This article aims to position students' classroom questioning within the literature surrounding affect and its impact on learning. The article consists of two main sections. First, the act of questioning is discussed in order to highlight how affect shapes the process of questioning, and a four-part genesis to question-asking that we call…

  13. Frequently begged questions and how to answer them [software

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N. Zvegintzov

    1998-01-01

    Typical empirical questions about software and the software business include “How productive are programming teams?”, “What are the industry norms?”, “What are the best practices?”, and “How should I measure the productivity of a programming team?” These, and others like them, are frequently asked questions. I always answer these questions with a question. “What are you trying to decide?” People

  14. Natural Language Question Answering Over Triple Knowledge Bases

    E-print Network

    Sanner, Scott

    for translating questions into queries over the knowledge base. is report describes a question answering systemNatural Language Question Answering Over Triple Knowledge Bases Aaron Defazio Supervisor: Scott answering system built over a triple knowledge base. Typical document retrieval systems and some question

  15. Students Asking Questions in the Middle School Mathematics Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fitzsimmons, Martha

    2011-01-01

    Asking questions is a vital part of student learning. Teachers ask students questions in order to get their minds working and thinking. Students ask questions in order to gain more knowledge or satiate their curiosity. If a student has trouble asking questions in the classroom they might miss an important step and become lost. In a class, such as…

  16. Using Political Cartoons to Improve Your Verbal Questioning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vogler, Kenneth

    2004-01-01

    Researchers have noted that one of the key skills critical to proficient teaching is verbal questioning. With teachers asking about 300 to 400 questions per day and, depending on the type of lesson, as many as 120 questions per hour, it is essential that they be skilled in using verbal questioning. Unfortunately, researchers studying teachers' use…

  17. Implementing Online Question Generation to Foster Reading Comprehension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yeh, Hui-Chin; Lai, Pei-Yi

    2012-01-01

    Many studies have concluded that question generation has a positive effect on students' reading comprehension. However, few studies have delineated how students generate questions from a text and what processes are involved in question generation. This study aims to investigate how the question generation processes improve students' reading…

  18. Science questions for the Magellan continuing mission

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Saunders, R. S.; Stofan, E. R.

    1992-01-01

    Magellan has completed two mapping cycles around the planet Venus, returning high resolution synthetic aperture images and altimetry data of over 95 percent of the planet's surface. Venus is dominated by low lying volcanic plains with an impact crater population indicating an average surface age of about 500 million years. Highland regions either tend to be characterized by volcanic shield complexes and rifting or by complex ridged terrain. Successful as the primary mission of Magellan has been, significant scientific questions remain to be addressed with imaging and gravity data that will be collected over the next several years.

  19. Prima Facie Questions in Quantum Gravity

    E-print Network

    Isham, C J

    2009-01-01

    The long history of the study of quantum gravity has thrown up a complex web of ideas and approaches. The aim of this article is to unravel this web a little by analysing some of the {\\em prima facie\\/} questions that can be asked of almost any approach to quantum gravity and whose answers assist in classifying the different schemes. Particular emphasis is placed on (i) the role of background conceptual and technical structure; (ii) the role of spacetime diffeomorphisms; and (iii) the problem of time.

  20. Prima Facie Questions in Quantum Gravity

    E-print Network

    C. J. Isham

    1993-10-22

    The long history of the study of quantum gravity has thrown up a complex web of ideas and approaches. The aim of this article is to unravel this web a little by analysing some of the {\\em prima facie\\/} questions that can be asked of almost any approach to quantum gravity and whose answers assist in classifying the different schemes. Particular emphasis is placed on (i) the role of background conceptual and technical structure; (ii) the role of spacetime diffeomorphisms; and (iii) the problem of time.

  1. Nietzsche's Questions Concerning the Will to Truth

    E-print Network

    Jenkins, Scott

    2012-01-01

    , will further confirm the understanding of the will to truth outlined here. Section 2 considers Nietzsche’s remarks on cognition and his best-known discussion of the will to truth (GS 344). Here i show that Nietzsche sees no easy answer to the question Why... there is an element governing belief formation and reten- tion that goes by a number of different names in Nietzsche’s writings, including “intellectual honesty” (A 12), “integrity in matters of the spirit” (A 50), and “intel- lectual conscience” (GS 2; GS 335; GM...

  2. Development of the Misener Nurse Practitioner Job Satisfaction Scale.

    PubMed

    Misener, T R; Cox, D L

    2001-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to construct a reliable and valid instrument to measure job satisfaction among nurse practitioners (NP). The methodological approach consisted of a literature review and modification of an extant instrument (Mueller/McCloskey, 1990) to reflect primary care, followed by augmentation and validation of the items suggested by nurse practitioner faculty members and Master's prepared nurse practitioners. A 77-item scale was developed and mailed to 413 NPs recognized by the state boards of nursing in two states. Usable returns were received from 342 (83%) NPs. Items were reviewed for validity prior to field-testing the instrument. The 77 items were subjected to exploratory factor analysis to support construct explication using the maximum likelihood method of extraction and a promax rotation. An eigenvalue cutoff of 1.0 and item-to-factor loadings of at least .35 were criteria that guided item retention. Thirty-three items were deleted. The resultant six factors were named: (a) intra-practice partnership/collegiality; (b) challenge/autonomy; (c) professional, social, and community interaction; (d) professional growth; (e) time; and (f) benefits. The six factors (subscales) produced internal consistency reliability estimates of .94, .89, .84, .86, .83, and .79, respectively. The 44 retained items were used to create the final version of the Misener Nurse Practitioner Job Satisfaction Scale (MNPJSS), with a possible maximum score of 264 using a 6-point Likert-type scale. PMID:11469145

  3. Research in thermal biology: Burning questions for coldwater stream fishes

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    McCullough, D.A.; Bartholow, J.M.; Jager, H.I.; Beschta, R.L.; Cheslak, E.F.; Deas, M.L.; Ebersole, J.L.; Foott, J.S.; Johnson, S.L.; Marine, K.R.; Mesa, M.G.; Petersen, J.H.; Souchon, Y.; Tiffan, K.F.; Wurtsbaugh, W.A.

    2009-01-01

    With the increasing appreciation of global warming impacts on ecological systems, in addition to the myriad of land management effects on water quality, the number of literature citations dealing with the effects of water temperature on freshwater fish has escalated in the past decade. Given the many biological scales at which water temperature effects have been studied, and the growing need to integrate knowledge from multiple disciplines of thermal biology to fully protect beneficial uses, we held that a survey of the most promising recent developments and an expression of some of the remaining unanswered questions with significant management implications would best be approached collectively by a diverse research community. We have identified five specific topic areas of renewed research where new techniques and critical thought could benefit coldwater stream fishes (particularly salmonids): molecular, organism, population/species, community and ecosystem, and policy issues in water quality. Our hope is that information gained through examination of recent research fronts linking knowledge at various scales will prove useful in managing water quality at a basin level to protect fish populations and whole ecosystems. Standards of the past were based largely on incipient lethal and optimum growth rate temperatures for fish species, while future standards should consider all integrated thermal impacts to the organism and ecosystem. ?? Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

  4. Philosophy 164/264 Paper Topics & Questions --Weeks 910 The following questions pertain to various issues involving scientific explanation.

    E-print Network

    Fitelson, Branden

    , and then answer the each of the following two questions: We have a sample of gas in a cylinder with a movablePhilosophy 164/264 Paper Topics & Questions -- Weeks 9­10 The following questions pertain atmospheres? Would that be a problem for Hempel's D-N model of explanation? [Hint: Consider the question

  5. [5ARI and PSA: open questions.

    PubMed

    Tubaro, Andrea; Puccini, Federica; De Nunzio, Cosimo

    2014-09-23

    No consensus has ever been reached on the predictive value of serum prostate specific antigen(PSA) for the diagnosis of prostate cancer. Limitations of PSA testing in clinical practice have beenoften discussed in the peer-reviewed literature following data derived from clinical trials such as theProstate Cancer Prevention Trial (PCPT) and the Reduction by Dutasteride of Prostate Cancer Events(REDUCE) study that showed a linear rise in the risk of prostate cancer with increasing PSA levels.Benign prostatic hyperplasia is a known confounding factor for the use of PSA as a marker of prostatecancer. Increased prostate volume observed with ageing, urinary retention, acute and chronicinflammatory conditions of the prostate, sexual activity and digital rectal examination may all cause anincrease of PSA values. Both finasteride and dutasteride, 5-alpha reductase inhibitors (5ARI) used inthe treatment of BPH, are known to induce a significant decrease of serum PSA levels close to 50%.The observed change in PSA values following 5ARI treatment has raised questions about the accuracyof PSA testing for the early diagnosis of prostate cancer in patients on finasteride/dutasteride treatment.Careful analysis of data from various clinical trials on pharmacological treatment of LUTS due toBPH suggested that the accuracy of PSA testing is not just maintained but rather increased following5ARI use. Then, the question of PSA accuracy during 5ARI treatment can be considered closed. PMID:25350562

  6. Solving the puzzle of autoimmunity: critical questions

    PubMed Central

    Smilek, Dawn E.

    2015-01-01

    Despite recent advances in delineating the pathogenic mechanisms of autoimmune disease, the puzzle that reveals the true picture of these diverse immunological disorders is yet to be solved. We know that the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) loci as well as many different genetic susceptibility loci with relatively small effect sizes predispose to various autoimmune diseases and that environmental factors are involved in triggering disease. Models for mechanisms of disease become increasingly complex as relationships between components of both the adaptive and innate immune systems are untangled at the molecular level. In this article, we pose some of the important questions about autoimmunity where the answers will advance our understanding of disease pathogenesis and improve the rational design of novel therapies. How is autoimmunity triggered, and what components of the immune response drive the clinical manifestations of disease? What determines whether a genetically predisposed individual will develop an autoimmune disease? Is restoring immune tolerance the secret to finding cures for autoimmune disease? Current research efforts seek answers to these big questions. PMID:25750735

  7. Autoantibodies in systemic sclerosis: unanswered questions.

    PubMed

    Kayser, Cristiane; Fritzler, Marvin J

    2015-01-01

    Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease characterized by vascular abnormalities, and cutaneous and visceral fibrosis. Serum autoantibodies directed to multiple intracellular antigens are present in more than 95% of patients and are considered a hallmark of SSc. They are helpful biomarkers for the early diagnosis of SSc and are associated with distinctive clinical manifestations. With the advent of more sensitive, multiplexed immunoassays, new and old questions about the relevance of autoantibodies in SSc are emerging. In this review, we discuss the clinical relevance of autoantibodies in SSc emphasizing the more recently published data. Moreover, we will summarize recent advances regarding the stability of SSc autoantibodies over the course of disease, whether they are mutually exclusive and their potential roles in the disease pathogenesis. PMID:25926833

  8. Automatic Structures — Recent Results and Open Questions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stephan, Frank

    2015-06-01

    Regular languages are languages recognised by finite automata; automatic structures are a generalisation of regular languages where one also uses automatic relations (which are relations recognised by synchronous finite automata) and automatic functions (which are functions whose graph is an automatic relation). Functions and relations first-order definable from other automatic functions and relations are again automatic. Automatic functions coincide with the functions computed by position-faithful one-tape Turing machines in linear time. This survey addresses recent results and open questions on topics related to automatic structures: How difficult is the isomorphism problem for various types of automatic structures? Which groups are automatic? When are automatic groups Abelian or orderable? How can one overcome some of the limitations to represent rings and fields by weakening the automaticity requirements of a structure?

  9. Frequently asked questions about Shape Dynamics

    E-print Network

    H. Gomes; T. Koslowski

    2013-11-30

    Barbour's interpretation of Mach's principle led him to postulate that gravity should be formulated as a dynamical theory of spatial conformal geometry, or in his terminology, "shapes." Recently, it was shown that the dynamics of General Relativity can indeed be formulated as the dynamics of shapes. This new Shape Dynamics theory, unlike earlier proposals by Barbour and his collaborators, implements local spatial conformal invariance as a gauge symmetry that replaces refoliation invariance in General Relativity. It is the purpose of this paper to answer frequent questions about (new) Shape Dynamics, such as its relation to Poincar\\'e invariance, General Relativity, Constant Mean (extrinsic) Curvature gauge, earlier Shape Dynamics, and finally the conformal approach to the initial value problem of General Relativity. Some of these relations can be clarified by considering a simple model: free electrodynamics and its dual shift symmetric formulation. This model also serves as an example where symmetry trading is used for usual gauge theories.

  10. Pulmonary arterial hypertension: a clot in question.

    PubMed

    Patel, Bhavin; Pakala, Aneesh; Aronson, Willard; Magharyous, Hany; Brown, Brent

    2014-07-01

    Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a group of disorders characterized by a progressive increase in pulmonary vascular resistance leading to right heart failure and premature death. We present an unusual case of PAH diagnosed initially as Idiopathic PAH (IPAH) after secondary causes were excluded which was successfully managed for a number of years with vasodilators and anticoagulation. Over the months after stopping anticoagulation (because of recurring small bowel hemorrhaging) patient developed progressive findings of right heart failure, which failed to respond to escalating doses of prostacyclin. The patient died and an autopsy revealed the surprising finding of extensive organized central pulmonary artery thrombi as is seen in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). We discuss the question of whether these thrombi are generally embolic or develop in situ and recommend that clinicians have a high index of suspicion for central thrombi in patients with IPAH were anticoagulation is contraindicated. PMID:25223151

  11. A UK validation of a general measure of subjective well-being: the modified BBC subjective well-being scale (BBC-SWB)

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background The BBC Subjective Well-being scale (BBC-SWB) is a recently developed questionnaire designed to measure people’s subjective experiences across the wide breadth of domains commonly included in definitions of well-being. Although it has previously been shown to be a reliable and valid measure of subjective well-being in the general population with good psychometric properties, a limitation of the initial version was that it was developed using responses on a 4-point Likert-style scale. This paper presents the psychometric properties, validity and reliability of a revised version of the scale conducted using 5-point Likert-style responses and tests the hypothesis that the scale measures three underlying dimensions of well-being; psychological; physical health; and relationships. Methods A sample of 23,341 participants completed the revised BBC-SWB as part of an on-line open-access battery of self-report measures. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to test the pre-hypothesised three factor structure, and internal consistency was investigated using Cronbach’s alpha. Concurrent validity was assessed through analysis of correlations with demographic variables, scores on the Goldberg Anxiety and Depression Scales, and the List of Threatening Experiences Questionnaire. Results Confirmatory factor analysis supported three factor structure of the measure in the whole sample and for subsamples of males and females. Both the total 24-item scale and the three subscales had good internal consistency, showed no evidence of floor and ceiling effects and correlated significantly with measures of concurrent validity. Conclusions This study provided further confirmation of the validity and utility of the BBC Subjective Well-being scale. The modified version is a reliable and valid measure for the online assessment of subjective well-being in the general population with good psychometric properties. PMID:24004726

  12. Developing Questions for Gallery Walk to Engage Higher Order Thinking

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This section introduces Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives as an aid in writing questions for Gallery Walk (Bloom, 1964). Questions using the analysis, synthesis, and evaluation categories seem to work ...

  13. Analyse et transformation des questions mdicales en requtes SPARQL

    E-print Network

    Zweigenbaum, Pierre

    Analyse et transformation des questions médicales en requętes SPARQL Asma Ben Abacha* -- Pierre, Information Extraction, Question Answering CORIA 2012, pp. 111­122, Bordeaux, 21-23 mars 2012 #12;112 Asma Ben

  14. 10 CFR 830.203 - Unreviewed safety question process.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Unreviewed safety question process. 830.203 Section...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NUCLEAR SAFETY MANAGEMENT Safety Basis Requirements ...Unreviewed safety question process. (a) The contractor...establish, implement, and take actions...

  15. When Children Pose Inquiry Questions that Disagree with Society's Beliefs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pataray-Ching, Jann; Kavanaugh-Anderson, Deborah C.

    1998-01-01

    Presents the dilemma of teachers determining the acceptability of a child's inquiry question (such as the making of a bomb). Lists reflective questions on moral and ethical concerns to guide decision making about whether such inquiries should be pursued. (SK)

  16. Drug Facts Chat Day: NIH Experts Answer Students' Drug Questions

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Home Current Issue Past Issues Drug Facts Chat Day: NIH Experts Answer Students' Drug Questions Past Issues / ... Drug Abuse during their first Drug Facts Chat Day. Photo courtesy of NIDA The questions poured in… ...

  17. Questions to Ask a Veteran's Health Care Providers

    MedlinePLUS

    ... caregiver.va.gov Questions to Ask a Veteran’s Health Care Providers . The list of questions below can help ... you accept? . Planning for Discharge from the Hospital/Health Care Facility . As part of the process of planning ...

  18. Gallery Walk Questions about Energy and Material Cycles

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    created by Mark Francek, Central Michigan University The following are potential questions that could be used in a gallery walk activity about energy and material cycles. The questions are organized according to ...

  19. Questions and Answers about Paget's Disease of Bone

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Disease of Bone Paget's Disease Basics Questions and Answers about Paget's Disease of Bone Related Resources Paget's ... Your Health Care Team (FDA) Questions Are the Answer: Get More Involved in Your Health Care (AHRQ) ...

  20. Construction and evaluation of a self rating scale for stress-induced Exhaustion Disorder, the Karolinska Exhaustion Disorder Scale

    PubMed Central

    Besčr, Aniella; Sorjonen, Kimmo; Wahlberg, Kristina; Peterson, Ulla; Nygren, Ĺke; Ĺsberg, Marie

    2014-01-01

    Prolonged stress (? six months) may cause a condition which has been named exhaustion disorder (ED) with ICD-10 code F43.8. ED is characterised by exhaustion, cognitive problems, poor sleep and reduced tolerance to further stress. ED can cause long term disability and depressive symptoms may develop. The aim was to construct and evaluate a self-rating scale, the Karolinska Exhaustion Disorder Scale (KEDS), for the assessment of ED symptoms. A second aim was to examine the relationship between self-rated symptoms of ED, depression, and anxiety using KEDS and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD). Items were selected based on their correspondence to criteria for ED as formulated by the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare (NBHW), with seven response alternatives in a Likert-format. Self-ratings performed by 317 clinically assessed participants were used to analyse the scale’s psychometric properties. KEDS consists of nine items with a scale range of 0–54. Receiver operating characteristics analysis demonstrated that a cut-off score of 19 was accompanied by high sensitivity and specificity (each above 95%) in the discrimination between healthy subjects and patients with ED. Reliability was satisfactory and confirmatory factor analysis revealed that ED, depression and anxiety are best regarded as different phenomena. KEDS may be a useful tool in the assessment of symptoms of Exhaustion Disorder in clinical as well as research settings. There is evidence that the symptom clusters of ED, anxiety and depression, respectively, reflect three different underlying dimensions. PMID:24236500

  1. Scaling Cubes

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2012-08-23

    In this activity, learners explore scale by using building cubes to see how changing the length, width, and height of a three-dimensional object affects its surface area and its volume. Learners build bigger and bigger cubes to understand these scaling relationships.

  2. Development and validation of a professionalism assessment scale for medical students

    PubMed Central

    Klemenc-Ketis, Zalika; Vrecko, Helena

    2014-01-01

    Objectives To develop and validate a scale for the assess-ment of professionalism in medical students based on students' perceptions of and attitudes towards professional-ism in medicine. Methods This was a mixed methods study with under-graduate medical students. Two focus groups were carried out with 12 students, followed by a transcript analysis (grounded theory method with open coding). Then, a 3-round Delphi with 20 family medicine experts was carried out. A psychometric assessment of the scale was performed with a group of 449 students. The items of the Professional-ism Assessment Scale could be answered on a five-point Likert scale. Results After the focus groups, the first version of the PAS consisted of 56 items and after the Delphi study, 30 items remained. The final sample for quantitative study consisted of 122 students (27.2% response rate). There were 95 (77.9%) female students in the sample. The mean age of the sample was 22.1 ± 2.1 years. After the principal component analysis, we removed 8 items and produced the final version of the PAS (22 items). The Cronbach's alpha of the scale was 0.88. Factor analysis revealed three factors: empathy and humanism, professional relationships and development and responsibility. Conclusions The new Professionalism Assessment Scale proved to be valid and reliable. It can be used for the assessment of professionalism in undergraduate medical students. PMID:25382090

  3. Canadian In-Class Question-Charge Distribution

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Harrison, David

    In this set of in-class questions, a solid sphere carrying a positive charge is placed next to a negatively charged circular plate. The questions address the topic of charge distribution. All questions are available for download in PDF format.

  4. Choke up on that bat! Questions Section 4.2

    E-print Network

    ? ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ Choke up on that bat! Questions · Section 4.2 STOPfor science Science Topic Outreach pChoke up on that bat! Questions · Section 4.2 Choke up on that bat! Questions · Section 4.2 STOPfor science Science Topic Outreach posters STOPfor science Science Topic Outreach posters Name Grade

  5. 2012 Question Booklet Code CS : COMPUTER SCIENCE & INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

    E-print Network

    Krishnapura, Nagendra

    2012 Question Booklet Code CS-A 1/20 CS : COMPUTER SCIENCE & INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Duration: Three of the Question Booklet until you are asked to do so by the invigilator. 2. Take out the Optical Response Sheet (ORS) from this Question Booklet without breaking the seal and read the instructions printed on the ORS

  6. Facilitating Students' Collaboration and Learning in a Question and Answer

    E-print Network

    Narayanan, N. Hari

    Facilitating Students' Collaboration and Learning in a Question and Answer System Abstract Green Dolphin (GD) is a question and answer system for students learning programming, with a social web interface. It crowd-sources the task of answering technical questions to the peers of students who ask

  7. Some questions in higher randomness Institute of Mathematical Science

    E-print Network

    Yu, Liang

    Some questions in higher randomness Liang Yu Institute of Mathematical Science Nanjing University May 24, 2010 Liang Yu Institute of Mathematical Science Nanjing University Some questions in higher of Mathematical Science Nanjing University Some questions in higher randomness #12;-randomness Given a class P(2

  8. Principles of Asking Effective Questions During Student Problem Solving

    E-print Network

    Young, R. Michael

    science instructors is asking effective questions. This paper presents a set of instructional principles in knowledge. These principles can help computer science educators ask more effective questions in a variety and compare these approaches to principles of effective question asking from the relevant cognitive science

  9. A Survey of Answer Extraction Techniques in Factoid Question Answering

    E-print Network

    Pratt, Vaughan

    of Computer Science Carnegie Mellon University Factoid question answering is the most widely studied taskA Survey of Answer Extraction Techniques in Factoid Question Answering Mengqiu Wang School in question answering. In this paper, we survey several different techniques to answer extraction for factoid

  10. Open-Domain Question Answering Mark Andrew Greenwood

    E-print Network

    Bontcheva, Kalina

    Open-Domain Question Answering Mark Andrew Greenwood Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy Department of Computer Science University of Sheffield, UK Macdonald (1999) #12;#12;Table of Contents Preface xi I What Is Question Answering? 1 Question Answering

  11. Answering Science Questions: Deduction with Answer Extraction and Procedural Attachment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard Waldinger; Jeff Shrager

    An approach to question answering through automated deduction is advocated. Answers to questions are extracted from proofs of associated conjectures over an axiomatic theory of the subject domain. External knowledge resources, including data and software, are consulted through a mechanism known as procedural attachment. A researcher ignorant of the subject domain theory or its logical language can formulate questions via

  12. 2013 Question Booklet Code CS : COMPUTER SCIENCE AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

    E-print Network

    Krishnapura, Nagendra

    2013 Question Booklet Code CS-A 1/20 CS : COMPUTER SCIENCE AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Duration of the Question Booklet until you are asked to do so by the invigilator. 2. Take out the Optical Response Sheet (ORS) from this Question Booklet without breaking the seal and read the instructions printed on the ORS

  13. Measuring the Benefits of Examinee-Selected Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Nancy L.; Holland, Paul W.; Thayer, Dorothy T.

    2005-01-01

    Allowing students to choose the question(s) that they will answer from among several possible alternatives is often viewed as a mechanism for increasing fairness in certain types of assessments. The fairness of optional topic choice is not a universally accepted fact, however, and various studies have been done to assess this question. We examine…

  14. Learning How to Answer Questions Using Trivia Games

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gideon S. Mann

    2002-01-01

    In this paper we examine a sentence comprehension task: given a question, and an extended sentence known to answer that question, the goal is to extract the short answer to the question. As an initial solution, a novel robust statistical model is presented which combines the semantics of the expected answer with the expected context within which the answer will

  15. Automatic question answering for Turkish with pattern parsing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erbug Celebi; Burak Gunel; Baturman Sen

    2011-01-01

    In this study, documents are processed with pattern matching techniques and features of documents are extracted for question answering system. We propose to categorize the questions automatically and then select the correct answer from corresponding answer set. We have used name entity recognition and pattern matching to categorize the type of questions. Additionally we have used range queries to submit

  16. Fostering Effective Studying and Study Planning with Study Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilhelm, Pascal; Pieters, Jules M.

    2007-01-01

    In a course on biological psychology and neuropsychology, study questions were provided that also appeared as test questions in the course exam. This method was introduced to support students in active processing and reproduction of the study texts, and study planning. Data were gathered to test the hypothesis that study question use would be…

  17. Key Questions for Reviewing Virtual Charter School Proposals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Association of Charter School Authorizers (NJ1), 2011

    2011-01-01

    This document contains key questions to consider when evaluating virtual charter school proposals.The insert is designed to help authorizers evaluate school quality and capacity in light of the distinctive attributes of virtual schooling. These questions address major functional areas as well essential questions that authorizers should ask of…

  18. Assessing Level of Difficulty in Web Search Questions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Marilyn Domas; Iivonen, Mirja

    2002-01-01

    This article focuses on assessing the level of difficulty of search questions for Web searching, looking at variations in judgments by type of questions and the reasons underlying these judgments. Analyzes the decisions and reasoning of 54 experiences Web searchers on 16 search questions of four types, and includes the questionnaire used.…

  19. Explicit versus Implicit Questioning: Inviting All Children to Think Mathematically

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parks, Amy Noelle

    2010-01-01

    Background/Context: Open-ended, or implicit, questioning has been described as central to reform teaching in mathematics. However, concerns about equity have caused some researchers to question whether this kind of teaching is productive for all children. Purpose: This study explores the role that implicit and explicit questions played in…

  20. Do Bees Sneeze? And Other Questions Kids Ask about Insects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wangberg, James K.

    This book is written for teachers, librarians, museum staff, educational program leaders, and parents who are often faced with a myriad of questions from children about insects. Questions were obtained during visits to schools and published solicitation and represent those most commonly asked. There are 210 questions from children representing 18…

  1. ME/AE/CompE/EE 378 Mechatronics Questions: Actuators

    E-print Network

    Landers, Robert G.

    frequency plots. QUESTION 5 For a permanent magnet DC motor, explain how the bandwidth changesME/AE/CompE/EE 378 ­ Mechatronics Questions: Actuators QUESTION 1 A DC motor is attached equations describing the dynamics of the current, motor angular velocity, motor angular position, load

  2. Answering List Questions using Co-occurrence and Clustering

    E-print Network

    Kosseim, Leila

    Answering List Questions using Co-occurrence and Clustering Majid Razmara and Leila Kosseim CLa answering list questions is not a new research area, answering them automatically still remains a challenge. The median F-score of systems that participated in TREC 2007 Question Answering track is still very low (0

  3. Data-driven Type Checking in Open Domain Question Answering

    E-print Network

    Ahn, David

    Data-driven Type Checking in Open Domain Question Answering Stefan Schlobach a,1 David Ahn b,2 question answering systems answer questions by first harvesting a large number of candidate answers, and then picking the most promising one from the list. One criterion for this answer selection is type checking

  4. A QUESTION ANSWERING SYSTEM FOR PROJECT MANAGEMENT APPLICATIONS

    E-print Network

    Stanford University

    A QUESTION ANSWERING SYSTEM FOR PROJECT MANAGEMENT APPLICATIONS Jinxing Cheng1 , Bimal Kumar2 of these tools. A question answering system can potentially provide a means to directly extracting answers from these computer outputs. This paper examines various issues involved in building such a question answering system

  5. Linking Research Questions to Mixed Methods Data Analysis Procedures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.; Leech, Nancy L.

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to discuss the development of research questions in mixed methods studies. First, we discuss the ways that the goal of the study, the research objective(s), and the research purpose shape the formation of research questions. Second, we compare and contrast quantitative research questions and qualitative research…

  6. Questioning Techniques of Fifth and Sixth Grade Reading Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bintz, William P.; Williams, Lynne

    2005-01-01

    Asking questions is a powerful way for students to learn. They use questions as a "pathway to wandering and wondering" and as a tool to turn confusing curriculum into meaningful learning. In this way, "student generated questions may lead to more demanding study, particularly when the prescribed curriculum is too often preoccupied with answers to…

  7. Quora.com: Another Place for Users to Ask Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ovadia, Steven

    2011-01-01

    Quora (www.quora.com) is a contemporary, web-based take on reference. Users post questions within Quora and other users answer the questions. Users can vote for and against answers (or not vote at all). It is users asking questions of friends and strangers and then sorting through the results. If the model sounds familiar, it's because it is.…

  8. Respecifying Display Questions: Interactional Resources for Language Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Yo-An

    2006-01-01

    Previous research into teachers' questions has focused on what types of questions are more conducive for developing students' communicative language use. In this regard, "display questions," whose answers the teacher already knows, are considered less effective because they limit opportunities for students to use genuine language use (Long & Sato,…

  9. Using item response theory to explore the psychometric properties of extended matching questions examination in undergraduate medical education

    PubMed Central

    Bhakta, Bipin; Tennant, Alan; Horton, Mike; Lawton, Gemma; Andrich, David

    2005-01-01

    Background As assessment has been shown to direct learning, it is critical that the examinations developed to test clinical competence in medical undergraduates are valid and reliable. The use of extended matching questions (EMQ) has been advocated to overcome some of the criticisms of using multiple-choice questions to test factual and applied knowledge. Methods We analysed the results from the Extended Matching Questions Examination taken by 4th year undergraduate medical students in the academic year 2001 to 2002. Rasch analysis was used to examine whether the set of questions used in the examination mapped on to a unidimensional scale, the degree of difficulty of questions within and between the various medical and surgical specialties and the pattern of responses within individual questions to assess the impact of the distractor options. Results Analysis of a subset of items and of the full examination demonstrated internal construct validity and the absence of bias on the majority of questions. Three main patterns of response selection were identified. Conclusion Modern psychometric methods based upon the work of Rasch provide a useful approach to the calibration and analysis of EMQ undergraduate medical assessments. The approach allows for a formal test of the unidimensionality of the questions and thus the validity of the summed score. Given the metric calibration which follows fit to the model, it also allows for the establishment of items banks to facilitate continuity and equity in exam standards. PMID:15752421

  10. The 50 Most Important Questions Relating to the Maintenance and Restoration of an Ecological Continuum in the European Alps

    PubMed Central

    Walzer, Chris; Kowalczyk, Christine; Alexander, Jake M.; Baur, Bruno; Bogliani, Giuseppe; Brun, Jean-Jacques; Füreder, Leopold; Guth, Marie-Odile; Haller, Ruedi; Holderegger, Rolf; Kohler, Yann; Kueffer, Christoph; Righetti, Antonio; Spaar, Reto; Sutherland, William J.; Ullrich-Schneider, Aurelia; Vanpeene-Bruhier, Sylvie N.; Scheurer, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    The European Alps harbour a unique and species-rich biodiversity, which is increasingly impacted by habitat fragmentation through land-use changes, urbanization and expanding transport infrastructure. In this study, we identified the 50 most important questions relating to the maintenance and restoration of an ecological continuum – the connectedness of ecological processes across many scales including trophic relationship and disturbance processes and hydro-ecological flows in the European Alps. We initiated and implemented a trans-national priority setting exercise, inviting 48 institutions including researchers, conservation practitioners, NGOs, policymakers and administrators from the Alpine region. The exercise was composed of an initial call for pertinent questions, a first online evaluation of the received questions and a final discussion and selection process during a joint workshop. The participating institutions generated 484 initial questions, which were condensed to the 50 most important questions by 16 workshop participants. We suggest new approaches in tackling the issue of an ecological continuum in the Alps by analysing and classifying the characteristics of the resulting questions in a non-prioritized form as well as in a visual conceptualisation of the inter-dependencies among these questions. This priority setting exercise will support research and funding institutions in channelling their capacities and resources towards questions that need to be urgently addressed in order to facilitate significant progress in biodiversity conservation in the European Alps. PMID:23341928

  11. Functional symptoms in neurology: questions and answers

    PubMed Central

    Reuber, M; Mitchell, A; Howlett, S; Crimlisk, H; Grunewald, R

    2005-01-01

    Between 10 and 30% of patients seen by neurologists have symptoms for which there is no current pathophysiological explanation. The objective of this review is to answer questions many neurologists have about disorders characterised by unexplained symptoms (functional disorders) by conducting a multidisciplinary review based on published reports and clinical experience. Current concepts explain functional symptoms as resulting from auto-suggestion, innate coping styles, disorders of volition or attention. Predisposing, precipitating, and perpetuating aetiological factors can be identified and contribute to a therapeutic formulation. The sympathetic communication of the diagnosis by the neurologist is important and all patients should be screened for psychiatric or psychological symptoms because up to two thirds have symptomatic psychiatric comorbidity. Treatment programmes are likely to be most successful if there is close collaboration between neurologists, (liaison) psychiatrists, psychologists, and general practitioners. Long term, symptoms persist in over 50% of patients and many patients remain dependent on financial help from the government. Neurologists can acquire the skills needed to engage patients in psychological treatment but would benefit from closer working relationships with liaison psychiatry or psychology. PMID:15716517

  12. Five hematologic tests and treatments to question.

    PubMed

    Hicks, Lisa K; Bering, Harriet; Carson, Kenneth R; Haynes, Adam E; Kleinerman, Judith; Kukreti, Vishal; Ma, Alice; Mueller, Brigitta U; O'Brien, Sarah H; Panepinto, Julie A; Pasquini, Marcelo C; Rajasekhar, Anita; Sarode, Ravi; Wood, William A

    2014-12-01

    Choosing Wisely® is a medical stewardship initiative led by the American Board of Internal Medicine Foundation in collaboration with professional medical societies in the United States. The American Society of Hematology (ASH) released its first Choosing Wisely® list in 2013. Using the same evidence-based methodology as in 2013, ASH has identified 5 additional tests and treatments that should be questioned by clinicians and patients under specific, indicated circumstances. The ASH 2014 Choosing Wisely® recommendations include: (1) do not anticoagulate for more than 3 months in patients experiencing a first venous thromboembolic event in the setting of major, transient risk factors for venous thromboembolism; (2) do not routinely transfuse for chronic anemia or uncomplicated pain crises in patients with sickle cell disease; (3) do not perform baseline or surveillance computed tomography scans in patients with asymptomatic, early-stage chronic lymphocytic leukemia; (4) do not test or treat for heparin-induced thrombocytopenia if the clinical pretest probability of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia is low; and (5) do not treat patients with immune thrombocytopenia unless they are bleeding or have very low platelet counts. PMID:25696917

  13. Five hematologic tests and treatments to question.

    PubMed

    Hicks, Lisa K; Bering, Harriet; Carson, Kenneth R; Haynes, Adam E; Kleinerman, Judith; Kukreti, Vishal; Ma, Alice; Mueller, Brigitta U; O'Brien, Sarah H; Panepinto, Julie A; Pasquini, Marcelo C; Rajasekhar, Anita; Sarode, Ravi; Wood, William A

    2014-12-01

    Choosing Wisely(®) is a medical stewardship initiative led by the American Board of Internal Medicine Foundation in collaboration with professional medical societies in the United States. The American Society of Hematology (ASH) released its first Choosing Wisely(®) list in 2013. Using the same evidence-based methodology as in 2013, ASH has identified 5 additional tests and treatments that should be questioned by clinicians and patients under specific, indicated circumstances. The ASH 2014 Choosing Wisely(®) recommendations include: (1) do not anticoagulate for more than 3 months in patients experiencing a first venous thromboembolic event in the setting of major, transient risk factors for venous thromboembolism; (2) do not routinely transfuse for chronic anemia or uncomplicated pain crises in patients with sickle cell disease; (3) do not perform baseline or surveillance computed tomography scans in patients with asymptomatic, early-stage chronic lymphocytic leukemia; (4) do not test or treat for heparin-induced thrombocytopenia if the clinical pretest probability of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia is low; and (5) do not treat patients with immune thrombocytopenia unless they are bleeding or have very low platelet counts. PMID:25472968

  14. Sylvester's question and the random acceleration process

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hilhorst, H. J.; Calka, P.; Schehr, G.

    2008-10-01

    Let n points be chosen randomly and independently in the unit disk. 'Sylvester's question' concerns the probability pn that they are the vertices of a convex n-sided polygon. Here we establish the link with another problem. We show that for large n this polygon, when suitably parameterized by a function r(phi) of the polar angle phi, satisfies the equation of the random acceleration process (RAP), d2r/dphi2 = f(phi), where f is Gaussian noise. On the basis of this relation we derive the asymptotic expansion log pn = -2n log n + n log(2?2e2)-c0n1/5 + . . ., of which the first two terms agree with a rigorous result due to Bárány. The non-analyticity in n of the third term is a new result. The value \\case {1}{5} of the exponent follows from recent work on the RAP due to Györgyi et al (2007 Phys. Rev. E 75 021123). We show that the n-sided polygon is effectively contained in an annulus of width ~n-4/5 along the edge of the disk. The distance ?n of closest approach to the edge is exponentially distributed with average (2n)-1.

  15. CAFFEY DISEASE: NEW PERSPECTIVES ON OLD QUESTIONS

    PubMed Central

    Nistala, Harikiran; Mäkitie, Outi; Jüppner, Harald

    2014-01-01

    The autosomal dominant form of Caffey disease is a largely self-limiting infantile bone disorder characterized by acute inflammation of soft tissues and localized thickening of the underlying bone cortex. It is caused by a recurrent arginine-to-cysteine substitution (R836C) in the ?1(I) chain of type of I collagen. However, the functional link between this mutation and the underlying pathogenetic mechanisms still remains elusive. First, it remains to be established as to how a point-mutation in type I collagen leads to a cascade of inflammatory events and spatio-temporally limited hyperostotic bone lesions, and second, the contribution of the structural and inflammatory components to the different organ-specific manifestations in Caffey disease. In this review we attempt to shed light on these questions based on the current understanding of other mutations in type I collagen, their role in perturbing collagen biogenesis, and consequent effects on cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions. PMID:24389367

  16. The lingering question of menthol in cigarettes.

    PubMed

    Besaratinia, Ahmad; Tommasi, Stella

    2015-02-01

    Tobacco use is the single most important preventable cause of cancer-related deaths in the USA and many parts of the world. There is growing evidence that menthol cigarettes are starter tobacco products for children, adolescents, and young adults. Accumulating research also suggests that smoking menthol cigarettes reinforces nicotine dependence, impedes cessation, and promotes relapse. However, menthol cigarettes are exempt from the US Food and Drug Administration ban on flavored cigarettes due, in part, to the lack of empirical evidence describing the health consequences of smoking menthol cigarettes relative to regular cigarettes. Determining the biological effects of menthol cigarette smoke relative to regular cigarette smoke can clarify the health risks associated with the use of respective products and assist regulatory agencies in making scientifically based decisions on the development and evaluation of regulations on tobacco products to protect public health and to reduce tobacco use by minors. We highlight the inherent shortcomings of the conventional epidemiologic, clinical, and laboratory research on menthol cigarettes that have contributed to the ongoing debate on the public health impact of menthol in cigarettes. In addition, we provide perspectives on how future investigations exploiting state-of-the-art biomarkers of exposure and disease states can help answer the lingering question of menthol in cigarettes. PMID:25416451

  17. Scale Models

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This lesson, presented by the National Nanotechnology Infrastructure Network, covers the general concept of scale by demonstrating factors of ten. The activity "facilitates the introduction and reinforcement of the metric scale and paves the way to the discussion of lengths that are smaller than what can be seen with the naked eye." The lesson also introduces the idea of using different tools to address different length scales which is fundamental to learning about nanotechnology. Future activities could introduce atoms and cell structure as well as recent advancements in technology. A Teacher Preparation Guide is included.

  18. Evaluating the Efficacy of Questioning Strategies in Lecture-Based Classroom Environments: Are We Asking the Right Questions?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larson, L. R.; Lovelace, M. D.

    2013-01-01

    Classroom questions represent a potentially powerful tool for interacting with students and stimulating critical thinking. However, the efficacy of the question-and-answer approach to teaching is influenced by many factors, such as the type and cognitive level of questions asked as well as students' response time. To examine these factors and…

  19. Separating the Research Question from the Laboratory Techniques: Advancing High-School Biology Teachers' Ability to Ask Research Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hasson, Eilat; Yarden, Anat

    2012-01-01

    Inquiry is essentially a process in which research questions are asked and an attempt is made to find the answers. However, the formulation of operational research questions of the sort used in authentic scientific inquiry is not a trivial task. Here, we set out to explore the possible influence of separating the research question from the…

  20. Secondary Students' Stable and Unstable Optics Conceptions Using Contextualized Questions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chu, Hye-Eun; Treagust, David F.

    2014-04-01

    This study focuses on elucidating and explaining reasons for the stability of and interrelationships between students' conceptions about Light Propagation and Visibility of Objects using contextualized questions across 3 years of secondary schooling from Years 7 to 9. In a large-scale quantitative study involving 1,233 Korean students and 1,149 Singaporean students, data were analyzed from responses to the Light Propagation Diagnostic Instrument consisting of four pairs of items, each of which evaluated the same concept in two different problem situations. Findings show that only about 10-45 % of students could apply their conceptions of basic optics in contextualized problem situations giving rise to both stable and unstable alternative conceptions. Students' understanding of Light Propagation concepts compared with Visibility of Objects concepts was more stable in different problem situations. The concepts of Light Propagation and Visibility of Objects were only moderately correlated. School grade was not a strong predictive variable, but students' school achievement correlated strongly with their conceptual understanding in optics. The teaching and learning approach and education systems in the two countries may have had some influence on students' conceptual understanding.