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1

Using Likert-Type Scales in the Social Sciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Likert scales are useful in social science and attitude research projects. The General Self-Efficacy Exam is a test used to determine whether factors in educational settings affect participant's learning self-efficacy. The original instrument had 10 efficacy items and used a 4-point Likert scale. The Cronbach's alphas for the original test ranged…

Croasmun, James T.; Ostrom, Lee

2011-01-01

2

Response-Order Effect in Likert-Type Scales.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The importance of the presentation order of items on Likert-type scales was studied. It was proposed that subjects tend to choose the first alternative acceptable to them from among the response categories, so that a primacy effect can be predicted. The effects of reversing the order of the response scale on the latent factor structure underlying…

Chan, Jason C.

3

The Effects of Halo and Leniency on Cooperating Teacher Reports Using Likert-Type Rating Scales.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated the adequacy of a Likert-type scale cooperating teacher report. Results demonstrated a significant presence of leniency error and halo effect, leaving highly questionable the validity of the report as a whole. Findings are discussed. (Author/MT)

Phelps, LeAdelle; And Others

1986-01-01

4

Analyzing Likert Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides information for Extension professionals on the correct analysis of Likert data. The analyses of Likert-type and Likert scale data require unique data analysis procedures, and as a result, misuses and/or mistakes often occur. This article discusses the differences between Likert-type and Likert scale data and provides…

Boone, Harry N., Jr.; Boone, Deborah A.

2012-01-01

5

Validation and Findings Comparing VAS vs. Likert Scales for Psychosocial Measurements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: Psychosocial exposures commonly show large variation over time and are usually assessed using multi-item Likert indices. A construct requiring a five-item Likert index could possibly be replaced by a single visual analogue scale (VAS). Objective: To: a) evaluate validity and relative reliability of a single VAS compared to previously…

Hasson, Dan; Arnetz, Bengt B.

2005-01-01

6

Effect of Items Direction (Positive or Negative) on the Factorial Construction and Criterion Related Validity in Likert Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study was conducted to know the effect of items direction (positive or negative) on the factorial construction and criterion related validity in Likert scale. The descriptive survey research method was used for the study and the sample consisted of 510 undergraduate students selected by used random sampling technique. A scale developed by…

Naji Qasem, Mamun Ali; Ahmad Gul, Showkeen Bilal

2014-01-01

7

The use of a simple Likert scale to measure quality of life in brain tumor patients.  

PubMed

The use of a self-administered 10-Point Likert self-assessment quality of life scale was explored in a convenience sample of patients attending a brain tumor clinic. The original scale, developed by Priestman, was modified to be more brain-tumor specific. A total of 430 patients completed the scale at 535 different points of measurement. The patients had a variety of brain tumors ranging from meningiomas to high-grade gliomas. The Total Score of the original scale and the Modified Total Score of the brain-specific version were explored in relationship to patient demographics and available clinical characteristics: age, gender, severity of tumor, location of tumor, survival rates, prior surgery, radiation, radiosurgery, and chemotherapy. We also examined the relationship between sub-scales and these variables. On a scale of 10-100, the average Total Score was 67.83, not significantly different from the Modified Score. There were no differences between bilateral, midline, or left- versus right-sided lesions. Patients with the worst prognosis in terms of tumor type were 5-6 points lower in quality of life than patients with intermediate or relatively good prognosis. In a multiple regression model, adjusted for age, the overall score was related only to tumor severity and to gender, with women having significantly poorer functional status than men by 4 points. Both the Modified and Total Scores were significantly associated with higher mortality risk, and more specifically, poor scores on well-being, mood, physical function, house/job performance, self-care, concentration, and energy all predicted higher mortality risk. We suggest that the simplicity of this instrument may make it particularly useful for longitudinal assessment of quality of life in brain tumor patients. PMID:11817703

Rogers, M P; Orav, J; Black, P M

2001-11-01

8

The Analysis of Likert Scales Using State Multipoles: An Application of Quantum Methods to Behavioral Sciences Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Though ubiquitous, Likert scaling's traditional mode of analysis is often unable to uncover all of the valid information in a data set. Here, the authors discuss a solution to this problem based on methodology developed by quantum physicists: the state multipole method. The authors demonstrate the relative ease and value of this method by…

Camparo, James; Camparo, Lorinda B.

2013-01-01

9

Effect of personality item writing on psychometric properties of ideal-point and likert scales.  

PubMed

The present study was designed to investigate personality item-writing practices and their effect on the psychometric properties of personality items and scales. Personality items were developed based on ideal-point and dominance models, analyzed using the generalized graded unfolding model, and empirically classified as having an ideal-point or dominance form. Results suggested that writing dominance items were slightly easier (more successful) than writing ideal-point items, but this varied slightly by personality dimensions. Of 3 ideal-point item writing tactics, the "neutral" tactic was least successful; success writing "double-barreled" and "average" ideal-point items was comparable to that of dominance items. Three personality scales were then constructed using successful ideal-point and dominance items. Scales constructed using ideal-point items had substantially inferior psychometric properties, including lower score reliability, lower correlations with important criteria, and mixed test information results. However, lower predictive validity of ideal-point scale scores may be due to lower reliability of the scores. Practical and methodological implications were also discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:24999752

Huang, Jialin; Mead, Alan D

2014-12-01

10

A Web-Based Survey to Assess Prospective Elementary School Teachers' Beliefs about Mathematics and Mathematics Learning: An Alternative to Likert Scales  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because of the importance of beliefs, mathematics educators need to consider ways to assess beliefs and belief change. Beliefs, because they must be inferred, can be difficult to measure, particularly with a common metric that enables one to compare individuals. Some limitations of Likert scales are identified and overcome in a newly developed…

Ambrose, Rebecca; Philipp, Randolph; Chauvot, Jennifer; Clement, Lisa

2003-01-01

11

Estimating the Latent Trait from Likert-Type Data: A Comparison of Factor Analysis, Item Response Theory, and Multidimensional Scaling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following seven statistical procedures are compared in terms of the ability to recover a unidimensional latent trait from Likert-type data: (1) factor analysis based on Pearson correlations (FA-PR); (2) factor analysis based on polychoric correlations (FA-PL); (3) the graded response model in item response theory (IRT-GRM); (4) internal…

Chan, Jason C.

12

Score Reliability in Webor Internet-Based Surveys: Unnumbered Graphic Rating Scales versus Likert-Type Scales  

Microsoft Academic Search

Unnumbered graphic rating scales theoretically can lead to greater score variance and thus greater score reliability. The use of Web-based graphic sliders overcomes the practical problems of administering graphic scales on paper measures: the excessive costs of scoring and excessive scoring errors arising from the tediousness of scoring done by hand. The study investigated whether graphic scales realize theoretically expected

Colleen Cook; Fred Heath; Russel L. Thompson; Bruce Thompson

2001-01-01

13

The influence of labels associated with anchor points of Likert-type response scales in survey questionnaires.  

PubMed

Survey questionnaires are among the most used data gathering techniques in the social sciences researchers' toolbox and many factors can influence respondents' answers on items and affect data validity. Among these factors, research has accumulated which demonstrates that verbal and numeric labels associated with item's response categories in such questionnaire may influence substantially the way in which respondents operate their choices within the proposed response format. In line with these findings, the focus of this article is to use Andrich's Rating scale model to illustrate what kind of influence the quantifier adverb "totally," used to label or emphasize extreme categories, could have on respondents' answers. PMID:22357158

Blais, Jean-Guy; Grondin, Julie

2011-01-01

14

Scaling question answering to the Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

The wealth of information on the web makes it an attractive resource for seeking quick answers to simple, factual questions such as "e;who was the first American in space?"e; or "e;what is the second tallest mountain in the world?"e; Yet today's most advanced web search services (e.g., Google and AskJeeves) make it surprisingly tedious to locate answers to such questions.

Cody C. T. Kwok; Oren Etzioni; Daniel S. Weld

2001-01-01

15

Estimating Ordinal Reliability for Likert-Type and Ordinal Item Response Data: A Conceptual, Empirical, and Practical Guide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a conceptual, empirical, and practical guide for estimating ordinal reliability coefficients for ordinal item response data (also referred to as Likert, Likert-type, ordered categorical, or rating scale item responses). Conventionally, reliability coefficients, such as Cronbach's alpha, are calculated using a Pearson…

Gadermann, Anne M.; Guhn, Martin; Zumbo, Bruno D.

2012-01-01

16

A Question of Scale: Quarks to Quasars  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site consists of a series of pages, each depicting and describing an object(s) on a different order of magnitude. There are 42 pages of this in all, for 42 powers of ten, starting with quarks (10^-14 meters) and ending with 'near the limit of our knowledge' (10^25 meters). The pictures 'zoom out,' with the quarks being part of a proton being part of a nucleus, and so on. There are short descriptions for each of the physics-related objects (i.e. quarks, atoms, clusters) and some of the locations, as well as links to more extensive descriptions. Also included is a page on units and scales.

Bryson, Bruce

2004-07-17

17

A Delphi Study Assessing Effective Peer Faculty E-Mentoring to Support Scaling Distance Education Programs  

E-print Network

questions, each survey item presented as an essentiality statement ranked by a Likert-type scale index from Very Important down to Unimportant. Descriptive statistics were calculated for each survey statement to determine consensus. This study addressed...

Lewis, Judith Holbrook

2014-04-02

18

Ramsay Curve IRT for Likert-Type Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ramsay curve item response theory (RC-IRT) was recently developed to detect and correct for nonnormal latent variables when unidimensional IRT models are fitted to data using maximum marginal likelihood estimation. The purpose of this research is to evaluate the performance of RC-IRT for Likert-type item responses with varying test lengths, sample…

Woods, Carol M.

2007-01-01

19

Likert Scales, Levels of Measurement and the "Laws" of Statistics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviewers of research reports frequently criticize the choice of statistical methods. While some of these criticisms are well-founded, frequently the use of various parametric methods such as analysis of variance, regression, correlation are faulted because: (a) the sample size is too small, (b) the data may not be normally distributed, or (c) The…

Norman, Geoff

2010-01-01

20

Five critical questions of scale for the coastal zone  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Social and ecological systems around the world are becoming increasingly globalized. From the standpoint of understanding coastal ecosystem behavior, system boundaries are not sufficient to define causes of change. A flutter in the stock market in Tokyo or Hong Kong can affect salmon producers in Norway or farmers in Togo. The globalization of opportunistic species and the disempowerment of people trying to manage their own affairs on a local scale seem to coincide with the globalization of trade. Human-accelerated environmental change, including climate change, can exacerbate this sense of disenfranchisement. The structure and functioning of coastal ecosystems have been developed over thousands of years subject to environmental forces and constraints imposed mainly on local scales. However, phenomena that transcend these conventional scales have emerged with the explosion of human population, and especially with the rise of modern global culture. Here, we examine five broad questions of scale in the coastal zone: How big are coastal ecosystems and why should we care? Temporal scales of change in coastal waters and watersheds: Can we detect shifting baselines due to economic development and other drivers? Are footprints more important than boundaries? What makes a decision big? The tyranny of small decisions in coastal regions. Scales of complexity in coastal waters: the simple, the complicated or the complex? These questions do not have straightforward answers. There is no single "scale" for coastal ecosystems; their multiscale nature complicates our understanding and management of them. Coastal ecosystems depend on their watersheds as well as spatially-diffuse "footprints" associated with modern trade and material flows. Change occurs both rapidly and slowly on human time scales, and observing and responding to changes in coastal environments is a fundamental challenge. Apparently small human decisions collectively have potentially enormous consequences for coastal environmental quality, and our success in managing the effects of these decisions will determine the quality of life in the coastal zone in the 21st century and beyond. Vigilant monitoring, creative synthesis of information, and continued research will be necessary to properly understand and govern our coastal environments into the future.

Swaney, D. P.; Humborg, C.; Emeis, K.; Kannen, A.; Silvert, W.; Tett, P.; Pastres, R.; Solidoro, C.; Yamamuro, M.; Hénocque, Y.; Nicholls, R.

2012-01-01

21

A comparison of question scales used for measuring customer satisfaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many different scales have been used to measure customer satisfaction. These scales can be divided into three main groups, being those measuring performance, disconfirmation and satisfaction. Reports on the design and execution of a study of hotel guests in which they were asked to rate the key service attributes of their stay using all three of these measurement scales. Repurchase

Peter J. Danaher; Vanessa Haddrell

1996-01-01

22

Questions, Answers and Clarifications Commercial Scale Advanced Biofuels Production Facilities Solicitation  

E-print Network

Questions, Answers and Clarifications Commercial Scale Advanced Biofuels Production Facilities biofuels production facility? A.1 An existing biofuels facility is an existing facility that, as of the application due date of PON-13-601, produces (or did produce) biofuels in California. Q.2 Must an eligible

23

Psychometric Comparison of the Motivation Assessment Scale (MAS) and the Questions about Behavioral Function (QABF)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The Motivation Assessment Scale (MAS) and the Questions About Behavioral Function (QABF) are frequently used to assess the learned function of challenging behaviour in people with intellectual disability (ID). The aim was to explore and compare the psychometric properties of the MAS and the QABF. Method: Seventy adults with ID and…

Koritsas, S.; Iacono, T.

2013-01-01

24

The Right Scale for the Question Asked: A Challenge for Great Lakes Hydrology and Restoration Forecasts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Water is a primary metric for viewing Great Lakes health and restoration. Our ability to characterize and forecast hydrologic conditions continues to improve, but challenges remain. One notable issue is the scale of the Great Lakes system. Because of its size, constructing a tractable model that encompasses the entire watershed requires extensive simplification. Questions that require higher spatial and temporal resolution, however, often cannot be well-simulated using the coarse resolution of Great Lakes watershed-scale tools. In work conducted for the Great Lake Restoration Initiative, a regional Precipitation-Runoff Modeling System (PRMS) model has been constructed for the entire Lake Michigan watershed. The model was parameterized using Hydrologic Response Units of about 207 square kilometers, and 148 stream gages ranging in HUC 8-12 scales. This representation of the system is useful for annual and perhaps seasonal/monthly characterizations of water fluxes to Lake Michigan. Likewise, this scale of forecast can be useful for certain predictions, such as lake stage forecasts where Lake Michigan is the basinwide receptor - a receptor that is a natural integrator of large space and time. Many questions need a more refined characterization of the dynamics and processes operating within the system. For these, such a coarse representation of space and time is not appropriate. Many Great Lakes issues, such as localized Areas of Concern (AOCs) and Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs), are not well represented by basinwide averages. For example, annual flows are not useful for assessing the resilience of a sand-capping restoration activity to future climate variability. In this work, a spatially detailed PRMS model has been refined from the regional PRMS model to construct more representative forecasts for these types of questions. The sub-basin model needs to answer the smaller scale question, but must also be consistent with the conceptualization and parameterization of the regional framework. These issues underscore the need to use all the tools in the toolbox, and not direct inordinate effort to unrealistic goals, such as a single simulator that represents all spatial and temporal scales. That is, there can be no expectation of "the" model for a Great Lake, only a family of models tuned for constructing forecasts for specific questions.

Hunt, R.; Walker, J. F.; Christiansen, D.

2012-12-01

25

Comparing two image research instruments: The Q-sort method versus the Likert attitude questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the attention for corporate, brand and product images, only few studies focus on methodological comparisons of image research methods. This article presents a comparison of two current instruments: the Q-sort method and a Likert attitude questionnaire. The study applies both methods to measure the image of beef, using the same assertions in similar samples of consumers. The two methods

Peter M. ten Klooster; Martijn Visser; Menno D. T. de Jong

2008-01-01

26

question_1411052731 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

This question is epidemiologic but prevention is better than cure. Since both ovarian low and high grade serous carcinomas originate from the distal fallopian tube, wouldn’t (large- scale) snipping of the fimbrial end of both tubes at the time of tubectomy (with informed consent) prevent the majority of serous carcinomas developing over time?

27

Boise Hydrogeophysical Research Site: Field-Scale Test Facility for Addressing Fundamental Questions of Environmental Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Boise Hydrogeophysical Research Site (BHRS) is a research wellfield or field-scale test facility developed in a shallow, coarse, fluvial aquifer with the objectives of supporting (a) development of cost-effective, non- invasive methods for quantitative characterization and imaging methods in heterogeneous aquifers using hydrologic and geophysical techniques; (b) examination of fundamental relationships and processes at multiple scales; (c) testing theories

W. Barrash; P. S. Routh

2006-01-01

28

The $500 Million Question: Can Charter Management Organizations Deliver Quality Education at Scale?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Charter school management organizations (CMOs) have emerged as a popular means for bringing charter schooling to scale. Advocates credit CMOs with delivering a coherent model of charter schooling to a growing number of children across numerous sites. Skeptics have wondered whether CMOs constitute an effective management approach, whether they…

Hall, Kevin; Lake, Robin

2011-01-01

29

Controlling for Rater Effects When Comparing Survey Items with Incomplete Likert Data.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Applied the rating scale model (D. Andrich, 1978) to data from a survey of student satisfaction with college services using data from a single college with item samples sizes ranging from 2 to 355. Compared to items' average ratings, item parameter estimates in the rating scale model did a better job of predicting the item receiving the higher…

Schulz, E. Matthew; Sun, Anji

2001-01-01

30

Validating Five Questions of Antiretroviral Nonadherence in a Public-Sector Treatment Program in Rural South Africa  

PubMed Central

Abstract Simple questions are the most commonly used measures of antiretroviral treatment (ART) adherence in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), but rarely validated. We administered five adherence questions in a public-sector primary care clinic in rural South Africa: 7-day recall of missed doses, 7-day recall of late doses, a six-level Likert item, a 30-day visual analogue scale of the proportion of doses missed, and recall of the time when an ART dose was last missed. We estimated question sensitivity and specificity in detecting immunologic (or virologic) failure assessed within 45 days of the adherence question date. Of 165 individuals, 7% had immunologic failure; 137 individuals had viral loads with 9% failure detected. The Likert item performed best for immunologic failure with sensitivity/specificity of 100%/5% (when defining nonadherence as self-reported adherence less than “excellent”), 42%/55% (less than “very good”), and 25%/95% (less than “good”). The remaining questions had sensitivities ?17%, even when the least strict cutoffs defined nonadherence. When we stratified the analysis by gender, age, or education, question performance was not substantially better in any of the subsamples in comparison to the total sample. Five commonly used adherence questions performed poorly in identifying patients with treatment failure in a public-sector ART program in SSA. Valid adherence measurement instruments are urgently required to identify patients needing treatment support and those most at risk of treatment failure. Available estimates of ART adherence in SSA are mostly based on studies using adherence questions. It is thus unlikely that our understanding of ART adherence in the region is correct. PMID:21269131

Chaiyachati, Krisda; Hirschhorn, Lisa R.; Tanser, Frank; Newell, Marie-Louise

2011-01-01

31

The Effect of Question Order on Disclosure of Intimate Partner Violence: An Experimental Test Using the Conflict Tactics Scales  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two plausible but contradictory approaches to question order in research on sensitive or criminal behavior are (1) that presenting the questions in a sequence corresponding to a culturally recognized behavior pattern will facilitate disclosure, and (2) that presenting questions in random order will result in more disclosure because random order disrupts response sets. The question order of the original Conflict

Ignacio Luis Ramirez; Murray A. Straus

2006-01-01

32

question_1296837100 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

While the causal mechanisms that link excess body weight to increased risk for certain cancers are largely unknown (as noted in other questions), we pose an associated question -- what are the causal mechanisms that link excess body weight to decreased risk of certain other cancers?

33

On the Question of an Identity Status Category Order: Rasch Model Step and Scale Statistics Used to Identify Category Order  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The question of whether or not a developmental continuum underlies James Marcia's identity statuses has been a topic of debate among identity researchers for nearly 20 years. This study addressed the prefatory question of whether the identity statuses can be empirically ordered in a theoretically optimal way. This question was addressed via use of…

Al-Owidha, Amjed; Green, Kathy E.; Kroger, Jane

2009-01-01

34

question_1411443893 — Provocative Questions  

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This is an important question - many cancers such as multiple myeloma are characterized by genomic instability, with new cytogenetic abnormalities, deletions or mutations, and other genetic changes detected as disease progresses.

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question_1411972090 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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68

question_1411972022 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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69

question_1298857225 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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70

question_1302560270 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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71

question_1309209288 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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72

question_1296826774 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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73

question_1409209586 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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74

question_1296850328 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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75

question_1298942394 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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76

question_1309291494 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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77

question_1310150051 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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78

question_1297424940 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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79

question_1297191280 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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80

question_1302099820 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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81

question_1410563953 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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82

question_1310868762 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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83

question_1296830406 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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84

question_1410236800 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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85

question_1410236285 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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86

question_1410236555 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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87

question_1309532294 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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88

question_1309292190 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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89

question_1410844360 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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90

question_1302559585 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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91

question_1329194782 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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92

question_1337049045 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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93

question_1409740665 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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94

question_1309360864 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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95

question_1301530459 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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96

question_1410251969 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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97

question_1296513894 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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98

question_1297435384 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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99

question_1299172071 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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100

question_1299173164 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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101

question_1411079495 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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102

question_1413444261 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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103

question_1296849841 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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104

question_1408342453 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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105

question_1298614465 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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106

question_1410546275 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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107

question_1296786512 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

An exciting development in this area that would be encouraged by attempting to answer this important question, is the connection between the observations of cancer risk modulation by epidemiologists and immune mechanisms that appear to be involved, described by immunologists.

108

question_1296185035 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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109

question_1297499720 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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110

question_1410689941 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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111

question_1412835958 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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112

question_1412859595 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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113

question_1337052960 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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114

question_1295444776 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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115

question_1296826063 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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116

A Mathematical Approach in Evaluating Biotechnology Attitude Scale: Rough Set Data Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Individuals' thoughts and attitudes towards biotechnology have been investigated in many countries. A Likert-type scale is the most commonly used scale to measure attitude. However, the weak side of a likert-type scale is that different responses may produce the same score. The Rough set method has been regarded to address this shortcoming. A…

Narli, Serkan; Sinan, Olcay

2011-01-01

117

question_1410159378 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

Looking at cell to cell differences within a tumor bed, contributed by either DNA mutations, epigenetic or post-translational modifications (PTM) or miRNA mediated control switches or even a combination of all these, the question rise how to best design a personalized drug trial?

118

question_1296796037 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

If this important question is answered we would be able to develop a highly tailored therapeutic approach for cancers. Actually, inflammatory type of the anti-tumor immune response such as IFN-g can also induce initial tumor inhibition but eventual tumor escape and progression.

119

question_1332002134 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

Sequencing of natural human tumors is teaching us invaluable lessons. It is becoming clear that the new dogmas created in the post genome era are being questioned. The previously suspected genetic heterogeneity of tumors is now proven on the sequence level. The extreme genetic heterogeneity of individual tumors and the existence of multiple tumors (not metastases) pose fundamental doubt on the prevailing dogma of targeted drug(s) and personalized treatments.

120

question_1303305591 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

This is an outstanding and intellectually-stimulating question which introduces a new way to translate more effectively metastasis research to the clinic. It is certainly worth exploring and badly needed. because, if positive, drugs could be immediately useful to help defined populations of patients. Per points, we agree that these are limited metastasis groups; however, results could at minimum justify moving forward to full adjuvant trials. Worthy cause given the "bottleneck" we experience nowadays since drugs are mostly not tested in metastasis prevention.

121

Question Builder  

MedlinePLUS

... Tips and Tools || Question Builder Text Size: Question Builder Be prepared for your next medical appointment. Create ... is important to be prepared. With the Question Builder, it is easy. Step 1: Choose the kind ...

122

Questioning Strategies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this brief article from the Charles A. Dana Center at the University of Texas at Austin the best practices of questioning strategies are explained. The author illustrates the difference between an open and a closed question and provides examples of the five categories of questions that teachers should be asking. A bibliography of additional resources is included for further study.

2012-01-01

123

Proposed Provocative Questions — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

View all of the questions that have been submitted and see how they have been evaluated by peers. Submit your own evaluation of a submitted question, or leave a comment about a question (commenting requires log in or creation of your own PQ account).

124

The Effect of Reading Ability and Response Formats on Patients' Abilities To Respond to a Patient Satisfaction Scale.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Patients with third-fifth grade reading ability (n=16) and with higher ability (n=32) completed nursing care satisfaction questionnaires with either a Likert scale, yes/no/uncertain, or pictorial format. Yes/no/uncertain and Likert formats elicited the same information. All patients had difficulty with negatively worded items. (Contains 45…

Williams, Susan A.; Swanson, Melvin S.

2001-01-01

125

Question Mars  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson about generating hypotheses and testable questions. Learners will use critical thinking and a collaborative approach to pose questions related to the study of Mars and evaluate the quality of their questions. They will explore remote-sensing data collected by a camera orbiting Mars - the Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) and develop a team science question. Students will practice critical thinking skills, use a collaborative approach to this first critical step of the scientific process. Exploring the images of the surface of Mars in Visible (VIS) images, students will come up with a topic of study, their team science question and hypotheses. The lesson models scientific inquiry using the 5E instructional model and includes teacher notes and vocabulary.

126

Putting the feminism into feminism scales: Introduction of a Liberal Feminist Attitude and Ideology Scale (LFAIS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

A Likert-type scale was developed to provide a feminist attitude measure that taps the domains of gender role attitudes, goals of feminism, and feminist ideology. The development and testing of the scale involved two studies. First, a pilot study was conducted to help generate themes and items for the scale. Second, the validity and reliability of the scale was empirically

Betsy Levonian Morgan

1996-01-01

127

Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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128

Composing questions  

E-print Network

This dissertation motivates a new syntax and semantics for simplex and multiple wh-questions, concentrating on English and German data. The proposed theory combines Cable's (2007; 2010) Q-based syntax for wh-movement and ...

Kotek, Hadas

2014-01-01

129

Quick Questions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity provides an introduction to data analysis. The instructor poses a simple multiple choice question for the children to answer. Students are then prompted to answer questions about the data such as which answer is most common, which least common. Variations for presenting the data as a bar graph and using the data to make predictions are included. Students should have basic reading and writing skills.

2010-01-01

130

A Test of a Shorter Privacy Preference Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development, rationale, and evaluation of the Privacy Activity in Vicarious Situations Scale (PAVSS) are described. The scale contains 12 vignettes designed to assess an individual's privacy needs associated with six subscale areas: anonymity, not neighboring, reserve, solitude, seclusion, and intimacy. Each vignette is scored on a five-point Likert-type scale. The scale was derived from the only other scale developed

Mary Hunter; Richard M. Grinnell Jr; Rita Blanchard

1978-01-01

131

Further Empirical Results on Parametric Versus Non-Parametric IRT Modeling of Likert-Type Personality Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chernyshenko, Stark, Chan, Drasgow, and Williams (2001) investigated the fit of Samejima's logistic graded model and Levine's non-parametric MFS model to the scales of two personality questionnaires and found that the graded model did not fit well. We attribute the poor fit of the graded model to small amounts of multidimensionality present in…

Maydeu-Olivares, Albert

2005-01-01

132

Provocative Questions feedback — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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133

Development and Validation of the POSITIVES Scale (Postsecondary Information Technology Initiative Scale)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data on how well information and communication technology (ICT) needs of 1354 Canadian college and university students with disabilities are met on and off campus were collected using the newly developed Positives Scale (Postsecondary Information Technology Initiative Scale). The measure contains 26 items which use a 6-point Likert scale (1 =…

Fichten, Catherine S.; Asuncion, Jennison V.; Nguyen, Mai N.; Wolforth, Joan; Budd, Jillian; Barile, Maria; Gaulin, Chris; Martiniello, Natalie; Tibbs, Anthony; Ferraro, Vittoria; Amsel, Rhonda

2009-01-01

134

Questionable Exercises.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents general guidelines for exercise prescription that have an anatomical basis but also consider the exerciser's ability to do the exercise correctly. It reviews various common questionable exercises, explaining how some exercises, especially those designed for flexibility and muscle fitness, can cause harm. Safer…

Liemohn, Wendell; Haydu, Traci; Phillips, Dawn

1999-01-01

135

Questor's Question  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Questor is a curious little bird whose four broad questions are helpful to anyone interested in making art or understanding the art of others. He was designed as a character in an online video for children, "Building on a River: Questor's Tale." The video is narrated by Questor, who relates the 2000 year history of architecture along the Salt…

Erickson, Mary; Dock, Michelle Nichols; Eldridge, Laurie

2009-01-01

136

Validity and Reliability of Trichotomous Achievement Goal Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Trichotomous Achievement Goal Scale was developed by Agbuga and Xiang (2008) by including selected items from the scales of Duda and Nicholls (1992), Elliot (1999), and Elliot and Church (1997) and adapting them into Turkish. The scale consists of 18 items, and students rated each item on a 7-point Likert scale. To ascertain the validity and reliability of the

Gökçe Erturan ?lker; Yunus Arslan; G?yasettin Demirhan

2011-01-01

137

Some Questions About Neurocognitive  

E-print Network

Some Questions About Neurocognitive Networks Steven Bressler Center for Complex Systems & Brain is a Brain Network? · A brain network is a large-scale system in the brain consisting of distributed neuronal ­ Dynamic Interdependency #12;Does The Brain Need Networks? · Serial processing, as found in the PNS, is too

Bressler, Steven L.

138

Designing the Nuclear Energy Attitude Scale.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a refined method for designing a valid and reliable Likert-type scale to test attitudes toward the generation of electricity from nuclear energy. Discusses various tests of validity that were used on the nuclear energy scale. Reports results of administration and concludes that the test is both reliable and valid. (CW)

Calhoun, Lawrence; And Others

1988-01-01

139

Insights and questions raised from a multi-tracer plot-scale sprinkler experiment with time-lapse 3D GPR in a structured forested soil.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Stable isotopes appear as ideal tracer commonly applied in preferential flow analyses. At the same time, central assumptions about signature mixing and propagation are founded on effective parameters merging advective and diffusive flow domains. However, in structured soils conditions are often far from well-mixed and some established assumptions may need to be reconsidered. We conducted a multi-tracer sprinkler experiment at a forested hillslope in the Attert Basin in Luxembourg with prevailing geogenic and biogenic preferential flow structures. At plot scale of 1x1 m2 we sprinkled two plots with 50 mm and one plot with 30 mm Brilliant Blue and Bromide enriched water for 1 hour. The experiments were accompanied by a high resolution 3D time-lapse GPR (Ground-Penetrating Radar) survey scanning 3x3 m2 before, directly after sprinkling and before excavation one day after sprinkling. Soil moisture was monitored with a TDR tube probe. Soil profiles were excavated and recorded for dye flow paths and for one medium resolution Bromide profile. In addition one core for pore water stable isotope analysis was taken before the sprinkling as reference and at each plot after sprinkling. We present the results with focus on the found evidence of preferential flow and the signals of the different tracers - especially the stable isotopes. While all other methods clearly show that only minor proportions of the soil took part in the infiltration process and that the sprinkler water has largely advectively propagated to the saprolite layer at about 80-100 cm depth, the stable isotopes signals from the cores indicate more intense interaction between the soil matrix and macropores, especially in the top 50 cm. This leads to the question of how the isotope signal could mix well, when most of the pore-water did not directly interact with the infiltration-water. Further questions arise to the use of tracers in general, due to the known limitations of excavation itself and rather coarse sampling with sizes 1-2 orders of magnitude larger than most preferential flow structures - thus blurring the signal. Moreover, considerable uncertainty arises where intense staining may be due to slow water movement or large quantities of infiltrated water. Here time-lapse GPR provides promising insights identifying patterns and states. Moreover, we will discuss whether the use of multiple tracers instead of just one leads to additional information and better understanding of subsurface processes.

Jackisch, Conrad; Sprenger, Matthias; Allroggen, Niklas; van Schaik, Loes; Weiler, Markus; Zehe, Erwin

2014-05-01

140

Questions Submitted Online — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

Sequencing of natural human tumors is teaching us invaluable lessons. It is becoming clear that the new dogmas created in the post genome era are being questioned. The previously suspected genetic heterogeneity of tumors is now proven on the sequence level. The extreme genetic heterogeneity of individual tumors and the existence of multiple tumors (not metastases) pose fundamental doubt on the prevailing dogma of targeted drug(s) and personalized treatments.

141

The Multidisciplinary Hemodialysis Patient Satisfaction Scale: Reliability, Validity, and Scale Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development and preliminary reliability and validity studies are reported for the Multidisciplinary Hemodialysis Patient Satisfaction Scale, a 110-item Likert scale that assesses satisfaction with team health care services. The methods used to construct subscales may have implications for other psychometric studies of satisfaction and quality…

Martin, Pamela Davis; Brantley, Philip J.; McKnight, G. Tipton; Jones, Glenn N.; Springer, Annette

1997-01-01

142

Reflective Thinking Scale: A Validity and Reliability Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to adapt Reflective Thinking Scale to Turkish and investigate its validity and reliability over a Turkish university students' sample. Reflective Thinking Scale (RTS) is a 5 point Likert scale (ranging from 1 corresponding Agree Completely, 3 to Neutral, and 5 to Not Agree Completely), purposed to measure…

Basol, Gulsah; Evin Gencel, Ilke

2013-01-01

143

Geomagnetic Field Frequently Asked Questions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

At this site the question and answer format is used to provide information about the Earth's magnetic field. Frequently asked questions are linked to detailed answers. Along with standard questions about the magnetic poles and how a compass works, there are sections about geomagnetic models, Space Weather Scales and magnetic field reversals. Links lead to a site to download the latest model as well as sites for more detailed information.

144

The Role of Reading Comprehension in Responses to Positively and Negatively Worded Items on Rating Scales  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Should instruments, such as Likert-type scales, contain both positively worded and negatively worded items within the same scale (i.e. mixed format)? Recent evidence suggests that the use of scales with a mixed format can adversely affect the psychometric properties of scales. In particular, the mean item response to the positively worded items…

Weems, Gail H.; Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.; Collins, Kathleen M. T.

2006-01-01

145

Construct Validity of "Motivation Orientation & Language Learning Strategies Scales": for Spanish as a Foreign Language.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the construct validity of the Motivation Orientation and Language Learning Strategy Scales: For Spanish as a Foreign Language (MOLLS). The MOLLS is a Likert-type scale, that has 20 items in 5 broad categories in the motivation orientation scale (MOS) and 18 items in 3 broad categories in the language learning strategies scale

Benjamin, Jane

146

Development and validation of the school interracial climate scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

A scale to measure student perceptions of school interracial climate was developed. Items were written to reflect contact theory criteria for successful desegregation. Nearly 3,100 students in five middle schools responded to a pool of Likert-format items. Those responses were factor analyzed, and four factors emerged: Interdependence, Supportive Norms, Association, and Equal Status. Total scale internal consistency reliability was .89.

Charles W. Green; Afesa M. Adams; Charles W. Turner

1988-01-01

147

Question, Problem, Purpose  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Questions and question-formulating strategies are central to science. In many ways the formulation of a question forms the basis for high-quality instruction in science. Effective questioning has a strong connection to cognitive theory. The sentence start

Klentschy, Michael P.

2008-04-01

148

Single-Item Versus Multiple-Item Measurement Scales: An Empirical Comparison.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whether traditional Likert-type focus of attention at work scales would outperform the one-item scales developed by D. Gardner and others (1989) was studied with responses of 492 automobile-services-club employees. Confirmatory factor analysis did not show either method to be better empirically. Situations in which the one-item scale might be…

Gardner, Donald G.; Cummings, L. L.; Dunham, Randall B.; Pierce, Jon L.

1998-01-01

149

A verbal rating scale to measure Japanese consumers' perceptions of product quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to investigate whether verbal rating scales are viable formats for attitude measurement through an application to Japanese consumers' product quality perceptions. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The article notes theoretical differences between Likert-based and Thurstone approaches to attitude measurement. The paper illustrates a Thurstone scale development process. Findings – The new scale possesses nomological validity; it correctly predicts

Boris Bartikowski; Katsuyuki Kamei; Jean-Louis Chandon

2010-01-01

150

The Use of Different Happiness Rating Scales: Bias and Comparison Problem?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper uses data of reported happiness which is measured at 4, 5, 7 and 11 likert-scale points. A group of 137 respondents was selected to study the comparison problem on the estimated mean happiness using direct rescaling. It is found that the 11-point scale's estimated mean happiness is significantly higher than the 4 and 7-point scale. This…

Lim, Hock-Eam

2008-01-01

151

[Satisfaction scales with health care to cardiovascular diseases: CARDIOSATIS--patient and team].  

PubMed

Satisfaction is an important measure of quality care, of adherence to the treatment and adequate use of health services. The objective here is to build two scales which evaluates team' and patients' satisfaction with cardiovascular disease treatment provided through a distance telecardiology project. The procedure followed international standards for development of measure instruments, including operational definition of satisfaction contents and its area for evaluation; item definition; pre-test and pilot study. The literature review, focal groups and discussion with specialists had delimited the domains to be included in the scales and the elaboration of its items. The CARDIOSATIS-Team included 15 items and the CARDIOSATIS-Patient included 11. Satisfaction was measured through a five-point Likert scale. The scales' items comprised satisfaction with physical structure, human resources, capacity of resolution, attention and care offered by the service and the satisfaction with the received/given care. The scales also included open questions. CARDIOSATIS scales have showed to be an easy and accessible instrument very well accepted by medical team and patients. Preliminary results presented good characteristics of validity and reliability. PMID:21503491

Cardoso, Clareci Silva; Bandeira, Marina; Ribeiro, Antonio Luiz Pinho; Oliveira, Graziella Lage; Caiaffa, Waleska Teixeira

2011-01-01

152

Study Questions for Geophysics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website hosts over fifty practice questions relating geophysics. Topics covered in these questions include gravity, earthquake waves and seismicity, Earth's structure, geochronology, anomalies, viscosity, and polar wandering.

Susan Slaymaker

153

Cosmic questions: an introduction.  

PubMed

This introductory talk at the Cosmic Questions conference sponsored by the AAAS summarizes some earlier pictures of the universe and some pictures based on modern physics and cosmology. The uroboros (snake swallowing its tail) is an example of a traditional picture. The Biblical flat-earth picture was very different from the Greek spherical earth-centered picture, which was the standard view until the end of the Middle Ages. Many people incorrectly assume that the Newtonian picture of stars scattered through otherwise empty space is still the prevailing view. Seeing Earth from space shows the power of a new picture. The Hubble Space Telescope can see all the bright galaxies, all the way to the cosmic Dark Ages. We are at the center of cosmic spheres of time: looking outward is looking backward in time. All the matter and energy in the universe can be represented as a cosmic density pyramid. The laws of physics only allow the material objects in the universe to occupy a wedge-shaped region on a diagram of mass versus size. All sizes--from the smallest size scale, the Planck scale, to the entire visible universe--can be represented on the Cosmic Uroboros. There are interesting connections across this diagram, and the human scale lies in the middle. PMID:11797741

Primack, J R; Abrams, N E

2001-12-01

154

The Intuitive Eating Scale: Development and Preliminary Validation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the development and validation of an instrument designed to measure the concept of intuitive eating. To ensure face and content validity for items used in the Likert-type Intuitive Eating Scale (IES), content domain was clearly specified and a panel of experts assessed the validity of each item. Based on responses from 391…

Hawks, Steven; Merrill, Ray M.; Madanat, Hala N.

2004-01-01

155

Posing Einstein's Question: Questioning Einstein's Pose.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the events surrounding a famous picture of Albert Einstein in which he poses near a blackboard containing a tensor form of his 10 field equations for pure gravity with a question mark after it. Speculates as to the content of Einstein's lecture and the questions he might have had about the equation. (Contains over 30 references.) (WRM)

Topper, David; Vincent, Dwight E.

2000-01-01

156

Frequently Asked Questions: Questions About Paleontology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site asks and answers questions about paleontology, fossils and dinosaurs. Paleontology questions are: What is paleontology? How does paleontology differ from anthropology and archaeology? What are the practical uses of paleontology? How do paleontologists know how old their fossils are? What training is necessary to become a paleontologist? What organizations exist for paleontologists?

2007-01-01

157

QUESTIONS IN CHINESE.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS ARTICLE, BASED ON A CONTRASTIVE ANALYSIS OF AMERICAN ENGLISH AND CHINESE, IS DESIGNED TO BE USED IN THE PREPARATION OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS FOR THE PRESENTATION OF QUESTIONS IN THE TEACHING OF CHINESE. QUESTIONS CAN BE CLASSIFIED INTO THREE CATEGORIES, ACCORDING TO THEIR FUNCTIONS--(1) PURE QUESTIONS, (2) RHETORICAL QUESTIONS, AND (3)…

TSAO, WEN YEN

158

Is there a group effect? It depends on how you ask the question: Intraclass correlations for California Psychotherapy Alliance Scale-Group items.  

PubMed

California Psychotherapy Alliance Scale-Group (CALPAS-G) data were collected from 1,138 group sessions attended by 248 group members in 16 counseling groups. Hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) was used to derive between-groups, between-member, and between-session variance components and intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) for the 12 CALPAS-G items. Using Ledermann and Kenny's (2012) descriptions of variable types, we examined differences in between-groups variance for the 6 CALPAS-G items classified as "Individual" items and the 6 CALPAS-G items classified as "Group" items. A Related-Samples Wilcoxon's Signed Ranked Test showed that the ICCs for the Group items were significantly larger than the ICCs for the Individual items. The results show the importance of how items are worded. If researchers want to accurately examine the between-groups component of the group therapy relationship they should develop measures that ask clients to describe their perceptions of the group, not the members own experience of the group. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25364982

Kivlighan, Dennis M; Lo Coco, Gianluca; Gullo, Salvatore

2015-01-01

159

The Construct Validation of A Short-Form Attitudes Toward Feminism Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The FEM Scale, a Likert-type measure of attitudes toward feminism, was validated via data from a heterogeneous sample which indicated the FEM Scale is highly reliable, contains a single factor accounting for 38 percent total variance, and correlates with measures of anti-black prejudice, dogmatism, and indentification with the Women's Movement.…

Singleton, Royce, Jr.; Christiansen, John B.

1977-01-01

160

Determination of Reliability and Validity for Myself as a Teacher Scale.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The reliability and validity of the Myself as a Teacher Scale (MTS), developed to assess the self-concept of teachers, were studied. Materials developed by David P. Butts and Robert Howe were used to construct a 62-item Likert-type scale asking individuals to rate themselves on certain criteria. After a pilot study with 92 preservice teachers and…

Handley, Herbert M.; Thomson, James R., Jr.

161

Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The common approach to scaling, according to Christopher Dede, a professor of learning technologies at the Harvard Graduate School of Education, is to jump in and say, "Let's go out and find more money, recruit more participants, hire more people. Let's just keep doing the same thing, bigger and bigger." That, he observes, "tends to fail, and fail…

Schaffhauser, Dian

2009-01-01

162

Provocative Questions new account request — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

Provocative Questions Skip to content. | Skip to navigation Personal tools Sign Up Log in Sections Home Home Current RFAs and PQs Cancer Prevention and Risk Mechanisms of Tumor Development or Recurrence Tumor Detection, Diagnosis, and Prognosis Cancer

163

Workshops & Outcomes — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

The participants of the first Provocative Questions meeting supported the idea that the format of small workshops are a useful means to engage in conversations about questions that might stimulate innovative research on various aspects of cancer.

164

Exam Question Exchange.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Acceptable answers are provided for two chemistry questions. The first question is related to the prediction of the appearance of non-first-order proton nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra. The second question is related to extraterrestrial kinetic theory of gases. (JN)

Alexander, John J., Ed.

1983-01-01

165

Improving Student Question Classification  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students in introductory programming classes often articulate their questions and information needs incompletely. Consequently, the automatic classification of student questions to provide automated tutorial responses is a challenging problem. This paper analyzes 411 questions from an introductory Java programming course by reducing the natural…

Heiner, Cecily; Zachary, Joseph L.

2009-01-01

166

Questions for Surveys  

PubMed Central

We begin with a look back at the field to identify themes of recent research that we expect to continue to occupy researchers in the future. As part of this overview, we characterize the themes and topics examined in research about measurement and survey questions published in Public Opinion Quarterly in the past decade. We then characterize the field more broadly by highlighting topics that we expect to continue or to grow in importance, including the relationship between survey questions and the total survey error perspective, cognitive versus interactional approaches, interviewing practices, mode and technology, visual aspects of question design, and culture. Considering avenues for future research, we advocate for a decision-oriented framework for thinking about survey questions and their characteristics. The approach we propose distinguishes among various aspects of question characteristics, including question topic, question type and response dimension, conceptualization and operationalization of the target object, question structure, question form, response categories, question implementation, and question wording. Thinking about question characteristics more systematically would allow study designs to take into account relationships among these characteristics and identify gaps in current knowledge. PMID:24970951

Schaeffer, Nora Cate; Dykema, Jennifer

2011-01-01

167

Community Dialog — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

View all of the questions that have been submitted and see how they have been evaluated by peers. Submit your own evaluation of a submitted question, or leave a comment about a question (commenting requires log in or creation of your own PQ account).

168

Student Questioning Educational Outreach  

E-print Network

Student Questioning Educational Outreach Dr. Dan Steinberg Kimberly Carroll #12;What is PUMA? 19 of discussing why questioning is important, how research classes(like PUMA) differ from previous science classes the development of high school students questions(PUMA) using our own rubric Teach the students the importance

Petta, Jason

169

Scales  

SciTech Connect

Musical scales involve notes that, sounded simultaneously (chords), sound good together. The result is the left brain meeting the right brain — a Pythagorean interval of overlapping notes. This synergy would suggest less difference between the working of the right brain and the left brain than common wisdom would dictate. The pleasing sound of harmony comes when two notes share a common harmonic, meaning that their frequencies are in simple integer ratios, such as 3/2 (G/C) or 5/4 (E/C).

Murray Gibson

2007-04-27

170

Proposed Provocative Questions for the Indian PQ Workshops — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

To stimulate wider participation in the Provocative Questions Initiative, scientists may pose their own Provocative Questions (Indian "Pose a Question" link) on this website or comment on questions submitted online (Indian "Questions Submitted Online" link) from the research community.

171

Questions and Questioning: Working with Young Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers who work with early-years children often ask how young children can be encouraged to think about the events, living things, or objects they are investigating and how they can be encouraged to ask appropriate scientific questions. The authors felt that they needed to examine their own practice and that of other teachers in respect to…

Macro, Chris; McFall, Dawn

2004-01-01

172

Unpark Those Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whenever Mr. Henderson's 3rd grade students had a question that he couldn't immediately answer or that seemed off-topic, he asked them to write the question on a sticky note and place it on a poster dubbed the "Parking Lot." His intention was to find time later to answer those questions, but too often, he said, the parking lot…

Ness, Molly

2013-01-01

173

1 Great Question  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author presents an ideal question that can take an art teacher and his or her students through all the levels of thought in Bloom's taxonomy--perfect for modeling the think-aloud process: "How many people is the artist inviting into this picture?" This great question always helps the students look beyond the obvious and dig…

Nethery, Carrie

2011-01-01

174

Problem of Questioning  

ScienceCinema

Le Prof.Leprince-Ringuet, chercheur sur le plan scientifique, artistique et humain, parle de la remise en question des hommes et la remise en question scientifique fondamentale ou exemplaire- plusieurs personnes prennent la parole p.ex Jeanmairet, Adam, Gregory. Le Prof.Gregory clot la soirée en remerciant le Prof.Leprince-Ringuet

None

2011-04-25

175

The Challenge Question  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students are introduced to the "Walk the Line" challenge question. They write journal responses to the question and brainstorm what information they need to answer the question. Ideas are shared with the class (or in pairs and then to the class, if class size is large). Then students read an interview with an engineer to gain a professional perspective on linear data sets and best-fit lines. Students brainstorm for additional ideas and add them to the list. With the teacher's guidance, students organize the ideas into logical categories of needed knowledge.

VU Bioengineering RET Program, School of Engineering,

176

Cho, Hearn — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

This is an important question - many cancers such as multiple myeloma are characterized by genomic instability, with new cytogenetic abnormalities, deletions or mutations, and other genetic changes detected as disease progresses.

177

Scardino, Peter — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

Excellent question, made more provocative when we realize that the seminal vesicles and Cowper’s gland in the male, tissues adjacent to the prostate and under the same hormonal influences as the prostate, rarely if even harbor malignant tumors.

178

Endocrine System Clicker Questions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a set of clicker questions designed for first year nursing students in an Anatomy and Physiology course, used during the endocrine system. It can also be used for an undergraduate Physiology course.

DDS/DO Elizabeth J Kavran (Ursuline College Biology)

2009-05-01

179

Schneider, Thomas — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

Provocative Questions Skip to content. | Skip to navigation Personal tools Sign Up Log in Sections Home Home Current RFAs and PQs Cancer Prevention and Risk Mechanisms of Tumor Development or Recurrence Tumor Detection, Diagnosis, and Prognosis Cancer

180

Finn, Olivera — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

Provocative Questions Skip to content. | Skip to navigation Personal tools Sign Up Log in Sections Home Home Current RFAs and PQs Cancer Prevention and Risk Mechanisms of Tumor Development or Recurrence Tumor Detection, Diagnosis, and Prognosis Cancer

181

Paternostro, Giovanni — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

This question addresses a very important problem but could be slightly modified to be more provocative. For example, can we design combinatorial cancer therapies that use the same strategies as biological combinatorial control?

182

Questions about Biological Parents  

MedlinePLUS

... About Biological Parents Family Life Listen Questions About Biological Parents Article Body As you raise your adopted ... to her life—the fact that she has biological parents elsewhere—that may make it necessary for ...

183

Provocative Questions Workshop  

Cancer.gov

Provocative Questions Workshop August 2, 2011 UCLA Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center Los Angeles, California Final Participant List Chair Edward Harlow, Ph.D Chair Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology Harvard Medical

184

Frequently Asked Questions  

Cancer.gov

Frequently Asked Questions Where is the SRK postdoctoral fellowship geographically located?The highly competitive program is for female postdoctoral fellows training in any of the National Cancer Institutes’ intramural research settings.  NCI facilities

185

Finn, Olivera — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

An exciting development in this area that would be encouraged by attempting to answer this important question, is the connection between the observations of cancer risk modulation by epidemiologists and immune mechanisms that appear to be involved, described by immunologists.

186

Saha, Bratin — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

Provocative Questions Skip to content. | Skip to navigation Personal tools Sign Up Log in Sections Home Home Current RFAs and PQs Cancer Prevention and Risk Mechanisms of Tumor Development or Recurrence Tumor Detection, Diagnosis, and Prognosis Cancer

187

CAT questions and answers  

SciTech Connect

This document, prepared in February 1993, addresses the most common questions asked by APS Collaborative Access Teams (CATs). The answers represent the best judgment on the part of the APS at this time. In some cases, details are provided in separate documents to be supplied by the APS. Some of the answers are brief because details are not yet available. The questions are separated into five categories representing different aspects of CAT interactions with the APS: (1) Memorandum of Understanding (MOU), (2) CAT Beamline Review and Construction, (3) CAT Beamline Safety, (4) CAT Beamline Operations, and (5) Miscellaneous. The APS plans to generate similar documents as needed to both address new questions and clarify answers to present questions.

Not Available

1993-02-01

188

Shridhar, Krithiga — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

Provocative Questions Skip to content. | Skip to navigation Personal tools Sign Up Log in Sections Home Home Current RFAs and PQs Cancer Prevention and Risk Mechanisms of Tumor Development or Recurrence Tumor Detection, Diagnosis, and Prognosis Cancer

189

Frequently Asked Questions - FAQs  

Cancer.gov

Frequently Asked Questions - FAQs CTRP Program >> What is the purpose of the Clinical Trials Reporting Program (CTRP)? How will CTRP be connected to other databases within NCI and NIH? Will CTRP support the Cancer Centers Summary 4 Report? Will CTRP

190

Griguer, Corinne — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

Provocative Questions Skip to content. | Skip to navigation Personal tools Sign Up Log in Sections Home Home Current RFAs and PQs Cancer Prevention and Risk Mechanisms of Tumor Development or Recurrence Tumor Detection, Diagnosis, and Prognosis Cancer

191

GoodQuestions Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

GoodQuestions is a pedagogical strategy designed to improve calculus instruction for higher-level students by adapting two methods developed in physics instruction: ConcepTests (conceptual multiple-choice questions) and Just-in-Time Teaching (a pedagogical strategy that blends web technology with active learning in classroom situations). The project web site includes class materials, links to math classes where the strategy is being employed, news articles, and information on the project team.

2004-04-03

192

To Question or Not to Question: That Seems to Be the Question.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on the effects of questioning in the classroom has explored the placement, timing, type, and social impact of questions. Principles of good questioning include the following: (1) well-stated questions should be concise, clear, and complete; (2) questions should be topical in nature, requiring a complex answer; (3) yes or no questions

Bradtmueller, Weldon G.; Egan, James B.

193

ASKING AND ANSWERING QUESTIONS Guidelines for Asking Good Questions  

E-print Network

involves critical thinking, and focuses on the substance or content of what a person has said. A question question because it involves no critical thinking on the questioner's part (however, these questions could) The critical thinking required in asking a good, substantive question involves making a careful analysis

Wagner, Diane

194

Question answering for Biology.  

PubMed

Biologists often pose queries to search engines and biological databases to obtain answers related to ongoing experiments. This is known to be a time consuming, and sometimes frustrating, task in which more than one query is posed and many databases are consulted to come to possible answers for a single fact. Question answering comes as an alternative to this process by allowing queries to be posed as questions, by integrating various resources of different nature and by returning an exact answer to the user. We have surveyed the current solutions on question answering for Biology, present an overview on the methods which are usually employed and give insights on how to boost performance of systems in this domain. PMID:25448292

Neves, Mariana; Leser, Ulf

2014-10-28

195

Question Their Answers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Brenda Royce has been teaching high school chemistry and physics for nine years, and is currently science department chair at University High School in Fresno, CA, a college prep charter school on the CSU Fresno campus. She also enjoys coaching Science Olympiad, and working with science and math student teachers as a workshop leader and mentor teacher through the Science and Math Education Center at CSUF. Prior to teaching, she worked in analytical and environmental chemistry for several years. Brenda shares with us her strategy of answering students' questions by "questioning their answers."

Royce, Brenda

2004-10-01

196

Research Questions and Hypotheses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This first section guides students to ask testable questions, and formulate hypotheses and null hypotheses. Students also become familiar with the parts of a science research report. This structure reinforces the concepts of quantitative observations and comparative research. It also sets the stage for doing statistical testing. At the end of the first section, students are ready to ask a research question and formulate hypotheses for their Long-Term Research Projects (LTRP). Students finish the section by drafting the introduction paragraphs for their LTRP poster presentations. In this free section you will find Lesson 1--Ooze Observations, an Introduction and the Table of Contents.

Ashley Steel

2001-01-01

197

A Question of Character  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When intern placement veteran Jacqueline Perkins begins counseling students at Florida A&M University (FAMU) about their prospects for getting well-paying, security-related jobs with the federal government, she confronts the 800-pound gorilla in the room--the question of whether a student has been convicted of or pleaded guilty to a misdemeanor.…

Stuart, Reginald

2010-01-01

198

QUESTIONS ABOUT GLOBAL WARMING  

E-print Network

QUESTIONS ABOUT GLOBAL WARMING ¥IS IT REAL? ¥IS IT IMPORTANT? ¥WHAT IS IT DUE TO? ¥HOW MUCH MORE in the atmosphere, giving Earth its temperate climate. Global Atmosphere, Global Warming GLOBAL TEMPERATURE TREND�t a cure for global warming! Aerosols only last a short while in the atmosphere, they would have

199

Some Questions on Accountability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An educational publisher poses several questions that are related to accountability for the purpose of stimulating discussion on this topic at a national convention of social studies teachers. Is it appropriate to insist upon the verification or validation of instructional materials? Is it possible to make more money available for the purchase of…

Follett, Robert J. R.

200

Questioning and Experimentation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper is a philosophical analysis of experimentation. The philosophical framework of the analysis is the interrogative model of inquiry developed by Hintikka. The basis of the model is explicit and well-formed logic of questions and answers. The framework allows us to formulate a flexible logic of experimentation. In particular, the formulated…

Mutanen, Arto

2014-01-01

201

Questions English Teachers Ask.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume is based on the responses of 374 English teachers at the secondary and college levels to a letter asking them to describe the questions that most perplex them professionally. Answers are provided by 88 leaders in English education, including James R. Squire, Walter H. MacGinitie, R. Baird Shuman, Sheila Schwartz, and Ken Macrorie. The…

Shuman, R. Baird

202

De, Abhijit — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

Looking at cell to cell differences within a tumor bed, contributed by either DNA mutations, epigenetic or post-translational modifications (PTM) or miRNA mediated control switches or even a combination of all these, the question rise how to best design a personalized drug trial?

203

The Compensation Question  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past few years, as cash-strapped states and school districts have faced tough budget decisions, spending on teacher compensation has come under the microscope. The underlying question is whether, when you take everything into account, today's teachers are fairly paid, underpaid, or overpaid. In this forum, two pairs of respected…

Richwine, Jason; Biggs, Andrew; Mishel, Lawrence; Roy, Joydeep

2012-01-01

204

A Question of Choice  

PubMed Central

Women's reproductive rights, reproductive health, and constitutional privacy rights in the United States are addressed in light of the contemporary onslaught of the Christian Right. The misuse of State power by fundamentalist social forces in America is critiqued. The article also briefly reviews the question of State control over women's bodies. PMID:21696627

2011-01-01

205

Asking the Right Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a student teacher at Nottingham Trent University, the author explored the issues surrounding children asking investigable questions in science and the repertoire of strategies that could be employed by teachers in the classroom to support this process. His project was carried out in an inner-city primary school in Nottingham. The four focus…

Lord, Rob

2011-01-01

206

Questions about Neck Manipulation?  

MedlinePLUS

Questions About Neck Manipulation? Chiropractic is widely recognized as one of the safest drug-free, non-invasive therapies available for the treatment of ... of chiropractic, osteopaths and physical therapists provide--neck manipulation (also known as cervical manipulation)—with a certain ...

207

Exam Question Exchange.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two exam questions are presented. One suitable for advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate courses in organic chemistry, is on equivalent expressions for the description of several pericyclic reactions. The second, for general chemistry students, asks for an estimation of the rate of decay of a million-year-old Uranium-238 sample. (BB)

Alexander, John J., Ed.

1978-01-01

208

An Ethics Primer: Ethical Questions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource is a PDF that provides a short introduction to ethical questions and strategies having to do with Ethics instruction. The PDF describes an overview of ethical questions and develops student understanding of ethical questions through three different worksheets.

2008-01-01

209

Knowledge based question answering  

SciTech Connect

The natural language database query system incorporated in the Knobs Interactive Planning System comprises a dictionary driven parser, APE-II, and script interpreter whch yield a conceptual dependency as a representation of the meaning of user input. A conceptualisation pattern matching production system then determines and executes a procedure for extracting the desired information from the database. In contrast to syntax driven q-a systems, e.g. those based on atn parsers, APE-II is driven bottom-up by expectations associated with word meanings. The goals of this approach include utilising similar representations for questions with similar meanings but widely varying surface structures, developing a powerful mechanism for the disambiguation of words with multiple meanings and the determination of pronoun referents, answering questions which require inferences to be understood, and interpreting ellipses and ungrammatical statements. The Knobs demonstration system is an experimental, expert system for air force mission planning applications. 16 refs.

Pazzani, M.J.; Engelman, C.

1983-01-01

210

Automatic Question Pattern Generation for Ontology-based Question Answering  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an automatic question pattern generation method for ontology-based question answering with the use of textual entailment. In this method, a set of question pat- terns, called predictive questions, which are predicted to be asked by users in a domain, were generated on the basis of a domain ontology. Their corresponding query templates, which can be used to

Shiyan Ou; Constantin Orasan; Dalila Mekhaldi; Laura Hasler

2008-01-01

211

Desai, Kartiki — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

This is a great question. Gene-based targeting has contributed significantly to decrease mortality. Despite the unexplored black box of molecular mechanisms, these drugs were highly effective as first line of therapy. However over time, a percentage of patients were either non-responders or developed resistance. Our deep knowledge of molecular mechanisms has helped redesign some of the drugs, or established diagnostic tests to stratify patients that would benefit from such drugs.

212

Poultry Processing: Questions & Answers  

MedlinePLUS

... Administrative Forms Standard Forms Skip Navigation Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H1 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... / Topics / ... A / Poultry Processing: Questions and Answers Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H3 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... Z7_ ...

213

The "Looting Question" Bibliography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provocatively subtitled "Web and Literary Resources on the Archaeological Politics of Private Collecting, Commercial Treasure Hunting, Looting, and 'Professional' Archaeology," this comprehensive online bibliography provides scholars and practitioners with resources related to the "looting question." The bibliography is organized by format type and focuses on North American materials. Hugh Jarvis, a doctoral candidate in Anthropology as well as a graduate student in Information and Library Studies at the State University of New York (SUNY) at Buffalo, has compiled this unique, frequently updated resource.

214

Welcome to Provocative Questions: The Unanswered Questions in Cancer Research — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

The provocative questions initiative has assembled a list of 20 important questions from the research community to stimulate the NCI's research communities to use laboratory, clinical and population sciences in especially effective and imaginative ways to answer the questions.

215

The Gentle Art of Questioning: Writing Great Clicker Questions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

How does a teacher use questioning effectively? This workshop will focus on writing those questions that engage students, spark their curiosity, help recap material, give you insight into their thinking, or help them learn critical ideas in physics. We will focus on ``peer instruction'' -- a research-tested method of requiring students to discuss challenging questions with one another. We will investigate the surprising power of multiple-choice questions to achieve critical thinking skills. Finally, we will look at writing questions that align with our goals for students, discuss the elements of effective questions, and practice writing questions and work on improving them.

Chasteen, Stephanie

2012-02-01

216

Fundamental Questions of Practical Cosmology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The book guides the reader (astronomer, physicist, university student) through central questions of Practical Cosmology, a term used by the late Allan Sandage to denote the modern scientific enterprise to find out the cosmological model best describing the universe of galaxies, its geometry, size, age, and material contents. The authors draw from their personal experience in astrophysics and cosmology to explain key concepts of cosmology, both observational and theoretical, and to highlight several items which give cosmology its special character: - idiosyncratic features of the "cosmic laboratory" - Malmquist bias in determination of cosmic distances - theory of gravitation as a cornerstone of cosmological models - crucial tests checking the reality of space expansion - methods of analyzing the structures of the universe as mapped by galaxies - usefulness of fractal as a model to describe the large-scale structure - new cosmological physics inherent in the Friedmann world model

Baryshev, Yurij; Teerikorpi, Pekka

217

Development of a scale to measure attitude toward the condom as a method of birth control  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Attitude Toward Condoms Scale (ATC) was developed as an assessment instrument for use in research directed toward promotion of barrier methods of contraception. The resulting 40?item, Likert?type scale was found to have an internal consistency reliability coefficient of .93, with an average inter?item correlation of .24. It is comprised of five major factors, accounting for 45% of the total

Idalyn S. Brown

1984-01-01

218

Marchetti, Dario — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

This is an outstanding and intellectually-stimulating question which introduces a new way to translate more effectively metastasis research to the clinic. It is certainly worth exploring and badly needed. because, if positive, drugs could be immediately useful to help defined populations of patients. Per points, we agree that these are limited metastasis groups; however, results could at minimum justify moving forward to full adjuvant trials. Worthy cause given the "bottleneck" we experience nowadays since drugs are mostly not tested in metastasis prevention.

219

Lerman, Michael — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

This question is highly important. Indeed, high-dose cisplatin-based chemotherapy represents a curative option for patients with testicular germ cell tumors including seminoma and nonseminomas, namely embryonal carcinoma, yolk-sac tumor, teratoma, and choriocarcinoma. The curative effect is most likely due to large growth fractions in these solid and hematological tumors and probably high expression of protein target(s) of cisplatin. At least one such protein target of cisplatin was identified in species ranging from yeast to humans. These predictions could be easily verified.

220

Question Popularity Analysis and Prediction in Community Question Answering Services  

PubMed Central

With the blooming of online social media applications, Community Question Answering (CQA) services have become one of the most important online resources for information and knowledge seekers. A large number of high quality question and answer pairs have been accumulated, which allow users to not only share their knowledge with others, but also interact with each other. Accordingly, volumes of efforts have been taken to explore the questions and answers retrieval in CQA services so as to help users to finding the similar questions or the right answers. However, to our knowledge, less attention has been paid so far to question popularity in CQA. Question popularity can reflect the attention and interest of users. Hence, predicting question popularity can better capture the users’ interest so as to improve the users’ experience. Meanwhile, it can also promote the development of the community. In this paper, we investigate the problem of predicting question popularity in CQA. We first explore the factors that have impact on question popularity by employing statistical analysis. We then propose a supervised machine learning approach to model these factors for question popularity prediction. The experimental results show that our proposed approach can effectively distinguish the popular questions from unpopular ones in the Yahoo! Answers question and answer repository. PMID:24837851

Liu, Ting; Zhang, Wei-Nan; Cao, Liujuan; Zhang, Yu

2014-01-01

221

Question popularity analysis and prediction in community question answering services.  

PubMed

With the blooming of online social media applications, Community Question Answering (CQA) services have become one of the most important online resources for information and knowledge seekers. A large number of high quality question and answer pairs have been accumulated, which allow users to not only share their knowledge with others, but also interact with each other. Accordingly, volumes of efforts have been taken to explore the questions and answers retrieval in CQA services so as to help users to finding the similar questions or the right answers. However, to our knowledge, less attention has been paid so far to question popularity in CQA. Question popularity can reflect the attention and interest of users. Hence, predicting question popularity can better capture the users' interest so as to improve the users' experience. Meanwhile, it can also promote the development of the community. In this paper, we investigate the problem of predicting question popularity in CQA. We first explore the factors that have impact on question popularity by employing statistical analysis. We then propose a supervised machine learning approach to model these factors for question popularity prediction. The experimental results show that our proposed approach can effectively distinguish the popular questions from unpopular ones in the Yahoo! Answers question and answer repository. PMID:24837851

Liu, Ting; Zhang, Wei-Nan; Cao, Liujuan; Zhang, Yu

2014-01-01

222

Gallery Walk Questions about Climate  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

created by Mark Francek, Central Michigan University The following are potential questions that could be used in a gallery walk activity about climate. The questions are organized according to the cognitive level ...

223

Contemplative Pedagogy: Frequently Asked Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contemplative Pedagogy is a new and sometimes controversial pedagogical practice. Faculty often have basic questions about how to implement the pedagogy in their classrooms, in addition to questions that challenge the educational value and appropriateness of the practice. Assembled here are the most frequently asked questions about Contemplative…

Coburn, Tom; Grace, Fran; Klein, Anne Carolyn; Komjathy, Louis; Roth, Harold; Simmer-Brown, Judith

2011-01-01

224

Pre-Lab Questions: Magnetism  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A series of simulation based interactive questions that were used as pre-lab questions at Kennesaw State University. The simulations in this case are based on Davidson's College Physlets. These particular questions focus on magnetism. Magnetism due to a bar magnet, a wire, a loop and a solenoid are explored.

Mzoughi, Taha

2008-07-19

225

Questions for music education research  

Microsoft Academic Search

In addressing the question-set ‘What questions do music education researchers need to address?’, an illustrative list of juxtaposed descriptive and normative questions is sketched as follows: What are and should be the dimensions of music education? What are and should be the institutional agencies of music education? What are and should be the specifically educational dimensions of music education? What

Estelle R. Jorgensen

2008-01-01

226

Questions for Music Education Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In addressing the question-set "What questions do music education researchers need to address?", an illustrative list of juxtaposed descriptive and normative questions is sketched as follows: What are and should be the dimensions of music education? What are and should be the institutional agencies of music education? What are and should be the…

Jorgensen, Estelle R.

2008-01-01

227

Frontline: The Torture Question  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Experts and pundits continue to debate the myriad of strategies deployed by the United States in the effort to combat terrorism around the world and internally. The Frontline program on PBS has created this website to complement a special edition of their show. This show focused on the question of whether torture is a viable way to obtain effective results in combating terrorism. Visitors can dive right in by watching the program in its entirety, or they may also wish to visit one of the sections providing supplementary information. One particularly compelling area is the section that provides information on how the current administration of President George W. Bush has created a protocol for conducting such investigations. Another very useful section is titled âÂÂBehind the Wireâ and offers visitors an inside look into the U.S. Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay in Cuba. Perhaps the most moving and intense portion of the site is the discussion section, where visitors can leave feedback and read the impassioned opinions of others who have seen the program.

2005-01-01

228

Questioning Our Questions: Assessing Question Asking Practices to Evaluate a yPAR Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research was to examine question asking practices in a youth participatory action research (yPAR) after school program housed at an elementary school. The research question was: In which ways did the adult question asking practices in a yPAR setting challenge and/or reproduce conventional models of power in educational…

Grace, Sarah; Langhout, Regina Day

2014-01-01

229

Can multiple-choice questions simulate free-response questions?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

We discuss a study to evaluate the extent to which free-response questions could be approximated by multiple-choice equivalents. Two carefully designed research-based multiple-choice questions were transformed into a free-response format and administered on the final exam in a calculus-based introductory physics course. The original multiple-choice questions were administered in another similar introductory physics course on final exam. Findings suggest that carefully designed multiple-choice questions can reflect the relative performance of the free-response questions while maintaining the benefits of ease of grading and quantitative analysis, especially if the different choices in the multiple-choice questions are weighted to reflect the different levels of understanding that students display.

Lin, Shih-Yin; Singh, Chandralekha

2012-04-24

230

The Validation of a New Obsessive–Compulsive Disorder Scale: The Obsessive–Compulsive Inventory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Obsessive–Compulsive Inventory (OCI) is a new self-report instrument developed to address the problems inherent in available instruments for determining the diagnosis and severity of obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD). The OCI consists of 42 items composing 7 subscales: Washing, Checking, Doubting, Ordering, Obsessing (i.e., having obsessional thoughts), Hoarding, and Mental Neutralizing. Each item is rated on a 5-point (0–4) Likert scale

Edna B. Foa; Michael J. Kozak; Paul M. Salkovskis; Meredith E. Coles; Nader Amir

1998-01-01

231

Photo-based question answering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Photo-based question answering is a useful way of finding information about physical objects. Current question an- swering (QA) systems are text-based and can be difficult to use when a question involves an object with distinct vi- sual features. A photo-based QA system allows direct use of a photo to refer to the object. We develop a three-layer system architecture for

Tom Yeh; John J. Lee; Trevor Darrell

2008-01-01

232

Frequently Asked Questions Frequently Asked Question 1.3  

E-print Network

Frequently Asked Questions Frequently Asked Question 1.3 What is the Greenhouse Effect? The Sun by the atmosphere, including clouds, and reradiated back to Earth. This is called the greenhouse effect. The glass, but through a different physical process, the Earth's greenhouse effect warms the surface of the planet

233

Donating Blood Questions and Answers  

MedlinePLUS

... Back to top Questions about Individuals Diagnosed with Hemochromatosis and Blood Donations Is it true that individuals diagnosed with hemochromatosis can now donate? FDA has always allowed individuals ...

234

Reference Readiness for AV Questions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews 50 reference tools which librarians can use to answer almost any audiovisual question including queries on trivia, equipment selection, biographical information, and motion picture ratings. (LLS)

Drolet, Leon L., Jr.

1981-01-01

235

Diet, health and globalization: five key questions.  

PubMed

The present paper explores possible implications of the globalization of the food system for diet and health. The paper poses five key questions to clarify the relationship between food and globalization. The first question is what is globalization. The paper suggests that it is helpful to distinguish between economic, political, ideological and cultural processes. Globalization is also marked by internal oppositional dynamics: there are re-localization and regional tendencies which counter the global. The second question is whether there is anything new about globalization. Food has been a much traded commodity for millennia. The paper concludes that what is new about the current phases of globalization is the pace and scale of the change, and the fact that power is being concentrated into so few hands. New marketing techniques and supply-chain management consolidate these features. The third question is who is in control of the globalization era and who benefits and loses from the processes of globalization. It is argued that modern food economies are hypermarket rather than market economies, with power accruing to the distributor more than has been recognized. The fourth question concerns governance of the food system. Historically, systems of local and national government have regulated the food supply where appropriate. Now, new international systems are emerging, partly using existing bodies and partly creating new ones. The final question is of the future. Globalization is a value-laden area of study, yet its implications for dietary change and for health are considerable. The paper argues that dimensions of change can be discerned, although it would be rash to bet on which end of each dimension will emerge as dominant in the 21st century. PMID:10466175

Lang, T

1999-05-01

236

Tutorial Questions in Caretaker Speech.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Statistical analyses of the incidence of "what"-questions requiring variably complex responses are presented. The responses were asked of a bilingual child by different sets of caretakers in English and German over a one-year period starting at age 16 months. Results show that the caretakers' questions are geared first toward the child's…

Forner, Monika

237

Answering Your Questions about AIDS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book focuses on AIDS education and answers 350 commonly asked questions about Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) taken from questions addressed to two major urban AIDS hotlines (Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and Houston, Texas). Chapter 1, "HIV - The Virus That Causes AIDS," discusses: the HIV virus; the…

Kalichman, Seth C.

238

Multiple Choice Questions for Groundwater  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online quiz was written by Dr. John C. Butler at the University of Houston for 100-level geology students. There are 44 multiple choice questions and 8 fill in the blank questions, Topics include groundwater resources, the water cycle, karst features, the water table and parts of an aquifer. Answers are linked directly from the quiz page.

John C. Butler

239

The Geography of Virtual Questioning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the geography of virtual questioning by using geographic information systems to study activity within the Florida Electronic Library "Ask a Librarian" collaborative chat service. Researchers mapped participating libraries throughout the state of Florida that served as virtual "entry portals" for users as they asked questions

Mon, Lorri; Bishop, Bradley Wade; McClure, Charles R.; McGilvray, Jessica; Most, Linda; Milas, Theodore Patrick; Snead, John T.

2009-01-01

240

Asking Questions, All the Time  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The ability to ask and answer questions while reading is essential to comprehension. This article discusses instructional strategies used to teach questioning and provides many online resources. The article appears in the free, online magazine Beyond Weather and the Water Cycle, which explores the seven essential principles of the climate sciences for teachers in k-grade 5 classrooms.

Jessica Fries-Gaither

241

Frequently Asked Questions in Cosmology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web page provides answers to common questions regarding cosmology. Questions include the Universe's age, its origin, its fate, and its physical properties. It is part of an in depth cosmology tutorial covering some of the history of scientific cosmology, observations, curvature, inflation, and the age of the universe.

Wright, Edward

2007-05-15

242

Questioning ORACLE: An Assessment of ORACLE's Analysis of Teachers' Questions and [A Comment on "Questioning ORACLE"].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of teachers' questions, part of the ORACLE (Observation Research and Classroom Learning Evaluation) project research, is examined in detail. Scarth and Hammersley argue that the rules ORACLE uses for identifying different types of questions involve levels of ambiguity and inference that threaten reliability and validity of the study's…

Scarth, John; And Others

1986-01-01

243

Validation of an Empathy Scale in Pharmacy and Nursing Students  

PubMed Central

Objective. To validate an empathy scale to measure empathy in pharmacy and nursing students. Methods. A 15-item instrument comprised of the cognitive and affective empathy domains, was created. Each item was rated using a 7-point Likert scale, ranging from strongly disagree to strongly agree. Concurrent validity was demonstrated with the Jefferson Scale of Empathy – Health Professional Students (JSE-HPS). Results. Reliability analysis of data from 216 students (pharmacy, N=158; nursing, N=58) showed that scores on the empathy scale were positively associated with JSE-HPS scores (p<0.001). Factor analysis confirmed that 14 of the 15 items were significantly associated with their respective domain, but the overall instrument had limited goodness of fit. Conclusions. Results of this study demonstrate the reliability and validity of a new scale for evaluating student empathy. Further testing of the scale at other universities is needed to establish validity. PMID:23788805

Chen, Aleda M. H.; Yehle, Karen S.; Plake, Kimberly S.

2013-01-01

244

Phrasal Paraphrase Based Question Reformulation for Archived Question Retrieval  

PubMed Central

Lexical gap in cQA search, resulted by the variability of languages, has been recognized as an important and widespread phenomenon. To address the problem, this paper presents a question reformulation scheme to enhance the question retrieval model by fully exploring the intelligence of paraphrase in phrase-level. It compensates for the existing paraphrasing research in a suitable granularity, which either falls into fine-grained lexical-level or coarse-grained sentence-level. Given a question in natural language, our scheme first detects the involved key-phrases by jointly integrating the corpus-dependent knowledge and question-aware cues. Next, it automatically extracts the paraphrases for each identified key-phrase utilizing multiple online translation engines, and then selects the most relevant reformulations from a large group of question rewrites, which is formed by full permutation and combination of the generated paraphrases. Extensive evaluations on a real world data set demonstrate that our model is able to characterize the complex questions and achieves promising performance as compared to the state-of-the-art methods. PMID:23805178

Lu, Ke; Ji, Rongrong; Wang, Fanglin; Liu, Ting

2013-01-01

245

TryEngineering: A Question of Balance  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson plan that explores the use of weight scales and measurement by manufacturing engineers, developed to help teachers integrate engineering practices in the secondary classroom. Students will work in teams to plan and design a packaging system that generates consistent packages of marbles or paper clips. The driving question of the lesson: How do manufacturing engineers develop systems to create consistent products that are uniform in weight or count? This collection is part of TryEngineering.org, a website maintained by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).

246

Extraction of Questions Behind Messages  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To overcome the limitation of conventional text-mining approaches in which frequent patterns of word occurrences are to be extracted to understand obvious user needs, this paper proposes an approach to extracting questions behind messages to understand potential user needs. We first extract characteristic case frames by comparing the case frames constructed from target messages with the ones from 25M sentences in the Web and 20M sentences in newspaper articles of 20 years. Then we extract questions behind messages by transforming the characteristic case frames into interrogative sentences based on new information and old information, i.e., replacing new information with WH-question words. The proposed approach is, in other words, a kind of classification of word occurrence pattern. Qualitative evaluations of our preliminary experiments suggest that extracted questions show problem consciousness and alternative solutions -- all of which help to understand potential user needs.

Matsumura, Naohiro; Kawahara, Daisuke; Okamoto, Masashi; Kurohashi, Sadao; Nishida, Toyoaki

247

OSHA Frequently Asked Questions: HAZWOPER  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This OSHA web page provides answers to many of the more common questions regarding the Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response (HAZWOPER) regulation. Many of the answers provided are regarding the HAZWOPER training requirements.

2007-09-21

248

Questions Students Ask: Beta Decay.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Answers a student's question about the emission of a positron from a nucleus. Discusses the problem from the aspects of the uncertainty principle, beta decay, the Fermi Theory, and modern physics. (YP)

Koss, Jordan; Hartt, Kenneth

1988-01-01

249

Frequently Asked Questions - Research Bases  

Cancer.gov

NCI Community Oncology Research Program (NCORP) Updated Frequently Asked Questions on Research Bases Request for Application (RFA) Select a category by clicking on its title below. How to search the content of the FAQs: Click on the FAQ Category you

250

Frequently Asked Questions - Community Sites  

Cancer.gov

NCI Community Oncology Research Program (NCORP) Updated Frequently Asked Questions on Community and Minority/ Underserved Community Sites Request for Application (RFA) Select a category by clicking on its title below. How to search the content of the

251

Frequently Asked Questions about Immunizations  

MedlinePLUS

... for answers to some common questions. What do immunizations do? Vaccines work by preparing the body to ... the immune response to another disease. Will the immunization give someone the very disease it's supposed to ...

252

Interview Questions with Bentham Scientific  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

John Mather answers questions for an interview for the Bentham Science Newsletter. He covers topics ranging from his childhood, his professional career and his thoughts on research, technology and today's scientists and engineers.

Mather, John C.

2013-01-01

253

Indoor Air Quality Frequent Questions  

MedlinePLUS

... of this site. Frequent Questions Indoor Air Quality Mold and Moisture Radon Asthma La Calidad del Aire ... guidance? Are there Federal regulations or standards regarding mold? Are there Indoor airPLUS labels, plaques, and certificates? ...

254

Birds: Old Questions and New.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses questions such as how birds fly and the meaning of bird songs. Explains the relationship between birds and ecological activism and points out the excitement in research and observation of birds. (Contains 34 references.) (YDS)

Flannery, Maura C.

2002-01-01

255

Automatic Generation of Trivia Questions  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a (nearly) domain-independent approach to mining trivia questions from a database. Generated questions are ranked\\u000a and are more “interesting” if they have a modest number of solutions and may reasonably be solved (but are not too easy).\\u000a Our functional model and genetic approach have several advantages: they are tractable and scalable, the hypothesis space size\\u000a is limited, and

Matthew Merzbacher

2002-01-01

256

On Clickers, Questions, and Learning  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The purpose of this paper is to review the procedures used to help students become learning victors. Specifically, this paper will discuss the process used to integrate classroom-response-system technology and question-driven instruction into an introductory anatomy and physiology course for pre-nursing/allied health students at a community college. Emphasis is placed on a systematic process for developing effective questions. Student reaction to this strategy is also discussed.

Skinner, Steven

2009-03-01

257

Some open questions in hydrodynamics  

E-print Network

When speaking of unsolved problems in physics, this is surprising at first glance to discuss the case of fluid mechanics. However, there are many deep open questions that come with the theory of fluid mechanics. In this paper, we discuss some of them that we classify in two categories, the long term behavior of solutions of equations of hydrodynamics and the definition of initial (boundary) conditions. The first set of questions come with the non-relativistic theory based on the Navier-Stokes equations. Starting from smooth initial conditions, the purpose is to understand if solutions of Navier-Stokes equations remain smooth with the time evolution. Existence for just a finite time would imply the evolution of finite time singularities, which would have a major influence on the development of turbulent phenomena. The second set of questions come with the relativistic theory of hydrodynamics. There is an accumulating evidence that this theory may be relevant for the description of the medium created in high energy heavy-ion collisions. However, this is not clear that the fundamental hypotheses of hydrodynamics are valid in this context. Also, the determination of initial conditions remains questionable. The purpose of this paper is to explore some ideas related to these questions, both in the non-relativistic and relativistic limits of fluid mechanics. We believe that these ideas do not concern only the theory side but can also be useful for interpreting results from experimental measurements.

Mateusz Dyndal; Laurent Schoeffel

2014-09-08

258

Forming Scientific Questions What is a scientific question?  

E-print Network

? ­ There are many of different types of plastic. Pick a few types to compare. · Rewrite the question as a class PC, other polycarbonate 7 water jugs, sunglasses, DVDs not usually Types of Plastics #12;Toxic be? ­ It's hard to make one. ­ There is a real answer, but it's almost impossible to find. · Rewrite

Schladow, S. Geoffrey

259

Quick Questions: Create a Survey  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners will conduct an open-ended survey, and then organize and analyze results. What languages does everyone speak? Whatâs the most common? the least common? Do you think weâd get the same results if we asked this question in a different neighborhood? Start out by posing an open-ended question. Everyone writes answers on stick-on notes and sticks them on a large piece of paper. Explore ways to organize the responses to make sense of them. For instance, if the question is about languages, one approach is to put all the stick-on notes with the same language together. A further step could involve grouping related languages (Eastern European, Southeast Asian, etc.). Available as a web page or downloadable pdf.

Terc

2010-01-01

260

Global Warming: Frequently Asked Questions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This global warming site contains questions commonly addressed to climate scientists and brief replies (based on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) reports and other research). The questions concern the greenhouse effect and its impact on our climate, whether greenhouse gases are increasing and the climate warming, the relation of El Nino to global warming, change in the hydrological cycle (evaporation and precipitation) and atmospheric/oceanic circulation, climate becoming more variable and extreme, the importance of these changes in a longer-term context, the rise of sea levels, whether the observed changes can be explained by natural variability, and the future of global warming.

David Easterling

261

The discriminative power of the EuroQol visual analog scale is sensitive to survey language in Singapore  

PubMed Central

Background Existing evidence for validity of the visual analog scale of the EQ-5D-3L questionnaire (EQ-VAS) is weak in Chinese-speaking respondents in Singapore. We therefore investigated the validity of the Chinese (Singapore) version of EQ-VAS in patients with diabetes. Methods In a cross-sectional survey, patients with type 2 diabetes seen in a primary care facility completed an identical Chinese or English questionnaire containing the EQ-5D-3L and questions assessing other health and disease-related characteristics. Convergent and known-groups validity of the EQ-VAS was examined for Chinese- and English-speaking respondents separately. Results The EQ-VAS was correlated with the EQ-5D-3L health index and a 5-point Likert-type scale for assessing global health in both Chinese-speaking (N = 335) and English-speaking respondents (N = 298), suggesting convergent validity. The mean EQ-VAS scores differed between English-speaking patients with differing duration of diabetes (< 10 years versus ? 10 years), comorbidity status (absence versus presence), and complications of diabetes (absence versus presence), providing evidence for known-groups validity. However, the EQ-VAS scores for Chinese-speaking respondents known to differ in these characteristics were similar, even among subgroups of relatively younger patients or those with formal school education. Conclusions Chinese- and English-speaking Singaporeans respond differently to the EQ-VAS. The Chinese version of EQ-VAS appears less sensitive than its English version for measuring global health in patient populations in Singapore. PMID:22429829

2012-01-01

262

Applying question classification to Yahoo! Answers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Question classification is an important part in modern Question Answering systems. Most approaches to question classification are based on handcrafted rules. Recent studies classify simple questions using machine learning techniques and recommends SVM as on of the best performing classifiers. This study applies a hierarchical classifier based on the SVM machine learning algorithm on questions posed by users, drawn from

Mohan John Blooma; Dion Hoe-Lian Goh; A. Chua; Zhiquan Ling

2008-01-01

263

Solar Physics: The Big Questions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site describes unanswered questions about the sun. These include the coronal heating process, the nature of solar flares, the origin of the sunspot cycle, and missing neutrinos. In each case the problem is stated along with what is known to date. The text includes links to further information.

Hathaway, David

2007-06-25

264

A Question of Competing Paradigms?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are some fundamental--i.e., "essential"--differences between conceptual change theory and a rigorously applied discourse approach to the question of what and how people know. In this rejoinder, I suggest that the differences are paradigmatic because, among others, the units of analysis used and the data constructed are irreconcilably…

Roth, Wolff-Michael

2008-01-01

265

Questions to Ask Your Doctor  

MedlinePLUS

... opinion doctor be at a different medical center/group. Write out your questions before each appointment. Keep a notebook where you can record doctor comments, appointment dates, symptoms, and other important information. Get copies of important scan reports, and start a file for yourself at ...

266

Practice Questions for Business Statistics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site offers a list of sample questions that can be used when teaching basic probability concepts, probability distributions, data collection methods, inferential statistics, hypothesis testing, analysis of variance, regression analysis, or problem sensing related to descriptive statistics. Links to the answers are also provided. Application is not limited to business.

Schott, Brian

267

Questions about Influenza Designing Turbulence  

E-print Network

in 1943 to build the first atomic bomb. it remains a premier scientific laboratory, dedicated to nationalQuestions about Influenza Designing Turbulence Los Alamos Institutes Atoms from Nothingness 1663. The enormous project cost about $2 billion but produced atomic weapons that helped end the war in the Pacific

268

Questions and Answers about Stroke  

MedlinePLUS

Questions and Answers About Stroke What is a stroke? A stroke occurs when blood flow to the brain is interrupted. When a stroke occurs, brain ... need to function. What are the types of strokes? A stroke can occur in two ways. In ...

269

Addressing Phonological Questions with Ultrasound  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ultrasound can be used to address unresolved questions in phonological theory. To date, some studies have shown that results from ultrasound imaging can shed light on how differences in phonological elements are implemented. Phenomena that have been investigated include transitional schwa, vowel coalescence, and transparent vowels. A study of…

Davidson, Lisa

2005-01-01

270

Kast, Wijbe Martin — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

This is such a relevant question. Especially as evidence from animal models is mounting that therapeutic vaccines can be used very effectively in the cancer preventive setting while they do not work well in the cancer therapeutic setting. It is time to change the paradigm. Don't watchful wait, Vaccinate!

271

Salvaging Timber: Frequently Asked Questions  

E-print Network

ER-036 5-06 Salvaging Timber: Frequently Asked Questions Eric L. Taylor, Extension Specialist, and C. Darwin Foster, Associate Department Head and Extension Program Leader for Forestry, The Texas A&M University System Who can I contact for help...

Taylor, Eric; Foster, C. Darwin

2005-10-19

272

Ten Practical Questions about Branding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Marketing" and "branding" were once considered dirty words on campus but faculty, staff, and board members now appreciate the value of getting their message out and managing their reputation. The question is not so much whether to invest, but when, how, and most important, what's the return on investment? A roundtable of accomplished marketing…

Moore, Robert M.; Rattenbury, Jeanne

2004-01-01

273

Looming Questions in Performance Pay  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When proposing performance pay for teachers, reformers first must answer three questions: What is the definition of teacher performance? What is the definition of student performance? and What are the goals of schooling? Reformers also need to examine the assumptions that guide their proposals and prepare to deal with the implementation issues…

Gratz, Donald B.

2010-01-01

274

QUESTIONS & ANSWERS ABOUT LUNG CANCER  

E-print Network

QUESTIONS & ANSWERS ABOUT LUNG CANCER Q: What are the early signs of lung cancer? How would I know I have it? A: Some of the early warning signs of lung cancer are: · A cough that doesn't go away what may be causing these symptoms. Q: How is lung cancer diagnosed? A: Your doctor may do one or more

275

Four Questions to Ask Yourself  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One's commitment to intellectual freedom is manifested not just in the creation of a strong and clear selection policy or the celebration of Banned Books Week but by his or her willingness to examine his or her practices openly with others. In this article, the author proposes four questions to explore in one's teaching and in professional…

Abilock, Debbie, Ed.

2007-01-01

276

Management Questions Tidal Marsh Restoration  

E-print Network

Answering Management Questions about Tidal Marsh Restoration Using Tidal Marsh Biosentinels Tidal Marsh Mudflat Goals Project 1999 #12;Goals Project 1999 South Baylands ~1800 Future1998 Tidal Marsh Mudflat #12;A8A8 South Bay Salt Pond Restoration Project WetlandTracker.org #12;Q1: How should

277

BOMB THREAT Questions to Ask  

E-print Network

BOMB THREAT CHECKLIST Questions to Ask: 1. Where is the bomb going to explode? 2. Where is it right now? 3. What does it look like? 4. What kind of bomb is it? 5. What will cause it to explode? 6. Did you place the bomb? 7. Why? 8. What is your address? 9. What is your name? Sex of caller: Age: Race

Ravikumar, B.

278

For Research Questions to ask  

E-print Network

CT Scans For Research Questions to ask: 1. Is this CT being done specifically for the research for educational purposes and is not intended to provide medical advice. Talk with your doctor or research team before acting on any information contained herein for advice specific to your situation. Common Research

Church, George M.

279

ANSWERING CONSUMER QUESTIONS ABOUT EGGS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Answering consumer questions is an important aspect of egg marketing. Consumers expect those they contact to be able to address their situation and help find answers. Topics of general consumer concerns include: proper storage, safe handling, food safety, and food quality. With the vast array of ...

280

Five critical questions of scale for the coastal zone  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social and ecological systems around the world are becoming increasingly globalized. From the standpoint of understanding coastal ecosystem behavior, system boundaries are not sufficient to define causes of change. A flutter in the stock market in Tokyo or Hong Kong can affect salmon producers in Norway or farmers in Togo. The globalization of opportunistic species and the disempowerment of people

D. P. Swaney; C. Humborg; K. Emeis; A. Kannen; W. Silvert; P. Tett; R. Pastres; C. Solidoro; M. Yamamuro; Y. Hénocque; R. Nicholls

281

Green cities and health: a question of scale?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background Cities are expanding and accommodating an increasing proportion of the world's population. It is important to identify features of urban form that promote the health of city dwellers. Access to green space has been associated with health benefits at both individual and neighbourhood level. We investigated whether a relationship between green space coverage and selected mortality rates exists at

E. A. Richardson; R. Mitchell; T. Hartig; Vries de S; T. Astell-Burt; H. Frumkin

2012-01-01

282

Frequently Asked Questions: NRSA Fellowships  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The NIH supports various Individual Fellowship Programs, all of which have transitioned to the electronic application submission process through grants.gov with the August 2009 application receipt dates. While most programs are funded under the authority for National Research Service Awards or NRSA (e.g., F30, F31, F32, F33), there are non-NRSA programs (e.g., F05, F37) that may vary in the applicant institution and fellow eligibility requirements, funding amounts, and specific program related issues (see the NIH F Kiosk). Each NIH fellowship program is announced as a Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts. This document represents frequently asked questions and answers to many questions fielded by the Office of Extramural Programs (OEP).

2010-09-15

283

PBS: The Question of God  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

PBS may not have cornered the entire market on thoughtful and intelligent television programming, but they certainly have garnered the lion's share of this type of material. One of the network's most recent programs (and this website which accompanies it), The Question of God, is certainly proof positive of this fact. The four-hour series (based on a popular Harvard course taught by Dr. Armand Nicholi) explores some of the basic questions of humanity, such as "What is happiness?" and "How do we find meaning and purpose in our lives?" The program itself does this by looking through the lens of the eyes of two of the 20th century's most well-known intellectuals, Sigmund Freud, who was a strong critic of religious belief, and C.S. Lewis, who was a strong proponent of "faith based on reason." On the site, visitors can learn about the lives of Freud and Lewis through excerpts from their own writings, read synopses of the programs, and read other perspectives on the question of God from such individuals as Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. and D.T. Suzuki. Additionally, visitors can watch clips from the program and listen in on roundtable conversations moderated by Dr. Nicholi.

284

Scaled Composites  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On April 18, 2003, an historic event in space travel was marked by the unveiling of the first private manned spacecraft and launch platform (called SpaceShipOne and White Knight, respectively). Already constructed and in the test flight stage of its development, the project was hidden from the public in order to reveal a finished product rather than just schematics. Scaled Composites, the private company that developed the spacecraft, gives data sheets and photos on its homepage. A detailed list of frequently asked questions addresses many issues regarding the project and its implications.

285

Parkfield Aftershock Interoccurrence Scaling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aftershock sequences present a unique opportunity to study the physics of earthquakes. Important questions concern the fundamental origin of three widely applicable scaling laws: 1) Gutenberg-Richter frequency- magnitude scaling, 2) Omori's law for aftershock decay rates, and 3) Båth's law for the difference between the magnitude of the largest aftershock and a main shock. The high resolution Parkfield seismic network

R. Shcherbakov; D. L. Turcotte; J. B. Rundle

2006-01-01

286

Question answering system based on Ontology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The background and system frame of the question answering system are presented. A new approach is explored in which questions are analyzed based on the detection of question focus chunk, semantic chunk and question template. Then vectors are used for the whole semantic representation. With the elicitation of ontology and semantic Web, a domain ontology is built up. Ontology and

Qinglin Guo

2008-01-01

287

[Nursing] Test Pool Questions. Area II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual consists of area 2 test pool questions which are designed to assist instructors in selecting appropriate questions to help prepare practical nursing students for the Oklahoma state board exam. Multiple choice questions are utilized to facilitate testing of nursing 2 curriculum objectives. Each test contains questions covering each…

Watkins, Nettie; Patton, Bob

288

Science Sampler : Thinking about students' questions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Asking questions is a vital component in any classroom, but it is absolutely essential in a science classroom. As science teachers, we know that questioning plays a major role in the inquiry process and has a positive impact on students' learning. This article discusses the importance of questioning skills and current research on questioning techniques. In addition, this article will present a series of lessons that were implemented by the author to improve the questioning abilities of middle school students.

Turner, Jaclyn

2006-01-01

289

Les questions de migrations internationales  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

International migrations have growing implications for both countries of origin and countries of destination. In the latter, the presence of foreigners and of members of their families today creates problems of integration, causes argument and brings mounting xenophobia. Paralleling political, economic and social measures taken by public authorities to respond to these difficulties, education needs to assist in defusing the resulting social tensions by preparing the minds of learners and helping to develop new attitudes. In particular, when educational programmes address questions of international migration, these should be treated in the framework of historical evolution so that their real significance and their true temporal and spatial dimensions become apparent. It is also important that the growing interdependence between countries should be made plain, that national history should be placed in its international context, and that the true consequences of these developments should be made clear. In this context, learners need to be acquainted with Human Rights, thereby stressing universal moral values and the role of the individual. Lastly, questions relating to international migration are usually presented in the media in a selective and partial manner, and the young people who take in this information often accept the hasty judgments which are made of situations as proven facts. This is why all teaching about international migration needs to be considered or reconsidered in the light of the complementary or competing actions of the media.

Samman, Mouna Liliane

1993-03-01

290

Answering Key Fuel Cycle Questions  

SciTech Connect

Given the range of fuel cycle goals and criteria, and the wide range of fuel cycle options, how can the set of options eventually be narrowed in a transparent and justifiable fashion? It is impractical to develop all options. We suggest an approach that starts by considering a range of goals for the Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) and then posits seven questions, such as whether Cs and Sr isotopes should be separated from spent fuel and, if so, what should be done with them. For each question, we consider which of the goals may be relevant to eventually providing answers. The AFCI program has both ''outcome'' and ''process'' goals because it must address both waste already accumulating as well as completing the fuel cycle in connection with advanced nuclear power plant concepts. The outcome objectives are waste geologic repository capacity and cost, energy security and sustainability, proliferation resistance, fuel cycle economics, and safety. The process objectives are rea diness to proceed and adaptability and robustness in the face of uncertainties.

Piet, S.J.; Dixon, B.W.; Bennett, R.G.; Smith, J.D.; Hill, R.N.

2004-10-03

291

Evaluative Conditioning: The “How” Question  

PubMed Central

Evaluative conditioning (EC) refers to attitude formation or change toward an object due to that object's mere co-occurrence with another valenced object or objects. This chapter focuses on the “how” question, that is, the question of what cognitive processes intervene between mere co-occurrence and attitude formation or change. Though EC has typically been thought of as occurring through a single, albeit contentious, mechanism, we begin by pointing out that both the heterogeneity of EC methodologies and the abundance of inconsistent results suggest that multiple processes with different characteristics can produce EC. We describe how the earliest posited process of EC, Pavlovian conditioning or signal learning, is a valid mechanism of EC that appears to have operated in some experiments but is unlikely to have operated in others and also cannot account for various EC findings. We describe other mechanisms of EC, when they can be expected to occur, and what characteristics they have. We particularly focus our attention on a process model of EC we have recently introduced, the implicit misattribution model. Finally, we describe the implications of a multi-process view of EC, which we argue can help resolve theoretical controversies and further the application of EC as a practical intervention for influencing attitudes in various domains. PMID:22241936

Jones, Christopher R.; Olson, Michael A.; Fazio, Russell H.

2011-01-01

292

The Urban Institute: Five Questions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In the mid-1960s, President Johnson saw the need for independent nonpartisan analysis of the problems facing America's cities and their residents. The President created a blue-ribbon commission of civic leaders who recommended chartering a center to do that work and in 1968, the Urban Institute became that center. Today the Urban Institute analyzes policies, evaluates programs, and informs community development to "improve social, civic, and economic well-being." Working in all 50 states and abroad, the Institute shares its research with policymakers, business leaders, and academics. On this site, visitors can enjoy the Institute's series of interviews entitled "Five Questions For"" which poses five questions to the people behind the Urban Institute's research. Here, experts talk about the nature of their work and offer insights on what they've learned. The collection allows visitors to browse a chronological list of this series of interviews and each interview is easily emailed and is also available in a printer friendly format.

293

Answering Key Fuel Cycle Questions  

SciTech Connect

The Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) program has both “outcome” and “process” goals because it must address both waste already accumulating as well as completing the fuel cycle in connection with advanced nuclear power plant concepts. The outcome objectives are waste geological repository capacity and cost, energy security and sustainability, proliferation resistance, fuel cycle economics, and safety. The process objectives are readiness to proceed and adaptability and robustness in the face of uncertainties. A classic decision-making approach to such a multi-attribute problem would be to weight individual quantified criteria and calculate an overall figure of merit. This is inappropriate for several reasons. First, the goals are not independent. Second, the importance of different goals varies among stakeholders. Third, the importance of different goals is likely to vary with time, especially the “energy future.” Fourth, some key considerations are not easily or meaningfully quantifiable at present. Instead, at this point, we have developed 16 questions the AFCI program should answer and suggest an approach of determining for each whether relevant options improve meeting each of the program goals. We find that it is not always clear which option is best for a specific question and specific goal; this helps identify key issues for future work. In general, we suggest attempting to create as many win-win decisions (options that are attractive or neutral to most goals) as possible. Thus, to help clarify why the program is exploring the options it is, and to set the stage for future narrowing of options, we have developed 16 questions, as follows: · What are the AFCI program goals? · Which potential waste disposition approaches do we plan for? · What are the major separations, transmutation, and fuel options? · How do we address proliferation resistance? · Which potential energy futures do we plan for? · What potential external triggers do we plan for? · Should we separate uranium? · If we separate uranium, should we recycle it, store it or dispose of it? · Is it practical to plan to fabricate and handle “hot” fuel? · Which transuranic elements (TRU) should be separated and transmuted? · Of those TRU separated, which should be transmuted together? · Should we separate and/or transmute Cs and Sr isotopes that dominate near-term repository heating? · Should we separate and/or transmute very long-lived Tc and I isotopes? · Which separation technology? · What mix of transmutation technologies? · What fuel technology best supports the above decisions?

Steven J. Piet; Brent W. Dixon; J. Stephen Herring; David E. Shropshire; Mary Lou Dunzik-Gougar

2003-10-01

294

Big questions about the universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Astronomy is not only a branch of science but also an important part of the culture and civilisations of peoples. Starting with archeoastronomy to the present day, it has always contributed to a better understanding of life, of humanity. After 400 years of modern astronomy, it still addresses major problems such as: Why there is something rather than nothing? Why is nature comprehensible to humans? How is cosmos related to humanity? Do multiverses exist? Is there life on other planets? Are we alone in the universe? Does the universe have a beginning? If so, what does it mean? How did the universe originate? All these questions are a challenge for interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary investigations, for philosophers, physicists, cosmologists, mathematicians, theologians. The new insights gained by pursuing in depth these common investigations will shape the society we live in and have important consequences on the future we are creating.

Stavinschi, Magda

2011-06-01

295

Gallery Walk Questions about Human Dimensions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

created by Mark Francek, Central Michigan University The following are potential questions that could be used in a gallery walk activity about the human dimensions of geologic issues. The questions are organized ...

296

Gallery Walk Questions on Atmosphere Composition  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

created by Mark Francek, Central Michigan University The following are potential questions that could be used in a gallery walk activity about atmosphere composition, greenhouse gases, ozone. The questions are ...

297

HOW PEOPLE RESPOND TO CONTINGENT VALUATION QUESTIONS  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of the project is to understand better how individuals interpret and respond to contingent valuation (CV) questions. The research will address three issues: the reliability of the referendum questions format, the importance of reminding respondents about subst...

298

Are Viruses Alive: Sample Socratic Questions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This example Socratic questioning page provides an outline for leading a classroom discussion regarding whether or not viruses are alive. Sample questions, resources for background information, and tips and assessment information are provided.

By Monica Bruckner and George Rice, Montana State University, Bozeman. Based on MLER website:Are Viruses Alive? by George Rice (mbruckner@montana.edu and grice@montana.edu).

299

Are Nanobacteria Alive: Sample Socratic Questions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This example Socratic questioning page provides an outline for leading a classroom discussion regarding whether or not nanobacteria exist. Sample questions, resources for background information, and tips and assessment information are provided.

By Monica Bruckner, Montana State University, Bozeman (based on MLER website:Nanobes and Nanobacteria).

300

What Questions Should I Ask My Doctor?  

MedlinePLUS

... Our Blog Patient Education Pancreas News Basics of Pancreatic Cancer FAQs The Pancreas Types of Tumors Causes Hereditary ... Goldman Center Discussion Board Patient Education / Basics of Pancreatic Cancer Questions What questions should I ask my doctor? ...

301

Answering definitional questions before they are asked  

E-print Network

Most question answering systems narrow down their search space by issuing a boolean IR query on a keyword indexed corpus. This technique often proves futile for definitional questions, because they only contain one keyword ...

Fernandes, Aaron D. (Aaron David)

2004-01-01

302

Frequently Asked Questions about Bunion Surgery  

MedlinePLUS

... Size Print Bookmark Frequently Asked Questions About Bunion Surgery Here are some frequently asked questions (FAQs) and ... best for you. 5. How can I avoid surgery? Sometimes observation of the bunion is all that's ...

303

32 CFR 316.7 - Questions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Department of Defense (Continued) OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (CONTINUED) PRIVACY PROGRAM DEFENSE INFORMATION SYSTEMS AGENCY PRIVACY PROGRAM § 316.7 Questions. Questions on both the substance and procedure of the...

2010-07-01

304

Multilingual Question\\/Answering: the DIOGENE System  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the DIOGENE question\\/answering system developed at ITC- Irst. The system is based on a rather standard architecture which includes three components for question processing, search and answer extraction. Linguistic processing strongly relies on MULTIWORDNET, an extended version of the English WORDNET. The system has been designed to address two promising directions: multilingual question\\/answering and question\\/answering on the

Bernardo Magnini; Matteo Negri; Roberto Prevete; Hristo Tanev

2001-01-01

305

Studies with pain rating scales  

Microsoft Academic Search

Good correlation has been shown between pain scores derived from 4 different rating scales. The correlation was maintained when presentation of the scales was separated by a series of questions and by physical examination. There is good evidence that the 4 scales are measuring the same underlying pain variable as they calibrate well. There is also evidence that an 11-point

W W Downie; P A Leatham; V M Rhind; V Wright; J A Branco; J A Anderson

1978-01-01

306

Developing Qualitative Research Questions: A Reflective Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The reflective and interrogative processes required for developing effective qualitative research questions can give shape and direction to a study in ways that are often underestimated. Good research questions do not necessarily produce good research, but poorly conceived or constructed questions will likely create problems that affect all…

Agee, Jane

2009-01-01

307

Teaching Students to Form Effective Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ability to question lies at the heart of human curiosity and is a necessary component of cognition. The author stresses that forming questions is essential to human thought and communication. As such, forming questions is a foundational process that cuts across curricular areas and is embedded in content standards across the nation, including…

Stafford, Tish

2009-01-01

308

Comprehensive School Reform: Criteria and Questions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet is designed to offer state and district policymakers a thoughtful set of questions to ask about school reform models and the organizations that develop them. The questions follow the criteria for schoolwide reform as spelled out in the federal legislation. Policymakers are encouraged to consider these questions as they work with…

Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO.

309

Using Questions to Depress Student Thought.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the traditional and prevailing view that teacher questions are effective stimulants to student thought. Through an examination of research, practice, and theory related to question use, the author develops a counterargument that questions inhibit thought and discussion, or at least do not stimulate student participation. (RH)

Dillon, J. T.

1978-01-01

310

Delivery of QTIiv2 Question Types  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The IMS Question and Test Interoperability (QTI) standard identifies 16 different question types which may be used in online assessment. While some partial implementations exist, the R2Q2 project has developed a complete solution that renders and responds to all 16 question types as specified. In addition, care has been taken in the R2Q2 project…

Wills, Gary B.; Davis, Hugh C.; Gilbert, Lester; Hare, Jonathon; Howard, Yvonne; Jeyes, Steve; Millard, David; Sherratt, Robert

2009-01-01

311

A Question of Prosperity Poverty in Saskatchewan  

E-print Network

JUNE 2008 A Question of Prosperity Poverty in Saskatchewan Garson Hunter and Fiona Douglas with Sarah Pedersen #12;A Question of Prosperity: Poverty in Saskatchewan June 2008 Hunter, G. F. Douglas & S. Pedersen. "A Question of Prosperity: Poverty in Saskatchewan." Poverty Profiles 1, 2008. Regina

Argerami, Martin

312

Can automated questions scaffold children's reading comprehension?  

E-print Network

Can automated questions scaffold children's reading comprehension? Joseph E. Beck, Jack Mostow questions assist children's reading comprehension? Are their benefits within a story cumulative or transient.Beck, Jack.Mostow}@cs.cmu.edu Abstract. Can automatically generated questions scaffold reading comprehen

Mostow, Jack

313

Domain Ontology Based Automatic Question Answering  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the paper, we introduce a music knowledge question answering system based on ontology knowledge base. Users can propose a question about music knowledge in natural language, the system automatically extract relative knowledge to form answer based on FAQ (frequently asked questions) and ontology knowledge base, and return the answer to users in natural language. The important modules in the

Jibin Fu; Jinzhong Xu; Keliang Jia

2009-01-01

314

THE ONTOLOGY OF CYBERSPACE: Questions and Comments  

E-print Network

THE ONTOLOGY OF CYBERSPACE: Questions and Comments David R. Koepsell Department of Philosophy of two papers: \\The Ontology of Cyberspace: Preliminary Questions", by David R. Koepsell, and \\Comments Report 95-09. 1 #12;2 THE ONTOLOGY OF CYBERSPACE: Preliminary Questions David R. Koepsell Department

Rapaport, William J.

315

Questions That Science Teachers Find Difficult (II).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents some questions that science teachers find difficult. Focuses on three further questions relating to "simple" everyday situations that are normally explained in terms of the kinetic theory of matter. Identifies looking at the difference between chemical and physical changes as the most problematic question. (Author/YDS)

Goodwin, Alan

2003-01-01

316

Questioning Profiles in Secondary Science Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we are concerned with the role of both teachers and students' questioning in classroom interaction. Bearing in mind that the current guidelines point out to student centred teaching, our aim is to analyse and characterise the questioning patterns of contemporary secondary science classes and compare them to the questioning profiles…

Almeida, Patricia; de Souza, Francisle Neri

2010-01-01

317

Boston University Physics Applets: Test Charge Questions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This item contains two in-class questions relating to test charge. Given a uniform electric field, students decide which simulation shows a test charge. In the related question, students use the positive test charge to determine the signs of two simulated charges. This item is part of a larger collection of physics questions and simulations developed by the Boston University Physics Department.

Duffy, Andrew

2008-08-01

318

Requirements & Designs: Asking Scientific Questions About Architectures  

E-print Network

Requirements & Designs: Asking Scientific Questions About Architectures Nick Hawes, Aaron Sloman than single, isolated, designs (Sloman, 1998b). Within such a framework, scientific questions can designed to satisfy, architectures can only be evaluated in a con- ceptual vacuum. The scientific questions

Yao, Xin

319

The Development and Validation of the Academic and Social SOC Scale  

E-print Network

/Pacific Islander, 74% Caucasian, 6% Hispanic, 3% Other). Participants had a mean age of 19.84 years (SD = 2.00 years). 19 Measures. Study 1 included all measures discussed above, with items administered on a seven-point Likert-type scale (unless otherwise...) = 164.65, p =.09; Social: ??2 (134) = 172.73, p =.01). Table 5 contains factor loadings from the equated models and Table 6 contains latent correlations from an equivalent model that simultaneously examined academic and social SOC. Criterion...

Geldhof, Gordon John

2011-05-16

320

An Edge Question: What Now ?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This feature from the nonprofit Edge Foundation, Inc. (reviewed previously in the July 25, 2000 Scout Report for Social Sciences & Humanities) is an impressive collection of thoughtful words in response to the recent terrorist attacks and ensuing war. The Edge postulated the question, "What now?" to its members with the idea that, as editor John Brockman explains, "within the community is invaluable expertise in many pertinent areas, not to mention the intelligence that the 'Edgies' can bring to the subjects." What separates this forum from many others dealing with recent issues of terrorism is that Brockman asks for "'hard-edge' comments, derived from empirical results or experience specific to the expertise of the contributors," rather than emotional or purely rhetorical responses. Here are a few of the pieces -- some essay length, others only a few sentences -- found here: psychiatrist Richard Rabkin takes a "strategic psychotherapy" approach to dealing with terrorism, science writer and television commentator Margaret Wertheim and archaeologist Timothy Taylor both touch on the corruption of science by weapons development as well as the intermingling of science and religion, and evolutionary scholar Richard Dawkins brings up the tendency to "bend over backwards to see the other point of view and blame ourselves for everything." Take time to peruse this collection of 44,000 words from 55 contributors and you'll be glad you did.

2001-01-01

321

Ten questions about systems biology  

PubMed Central

In this paper we raise ‘ten questions’ broadly related to ‘omics’, the term systems biology, and why the new biology has failed to deliver major therapeutic advances for many common diseases, especially diabetes and cardiovascular disease. We argue that a fundamentally narrow and reductionist perspective about the contribution of genes and genetic variants to disease is a key reason ‘omics’ has failed to deliver the anticipated breakthroughs. We then point out the critical utility of key concepts from physiology like homeostasis, regulated systems and redundancy as major intellectual tools to understand how whole animals adapt to the real world. We argue that a lack of fluency in these concepts is a major stumbling block for what has been narrowly defined as ‘systems biology’ by some of its leading advocates. We also point out that it is a failure of regulation at multiple levels that causes many common diseases. Finally, we attempt to integrate our critique of reductionism into a broader social framework about so-called translational research in specific and the root causes of common diseases in general. Throughout we offer ideas and suggestions that might be incorporated into the current biomedical environment to advance the understanding of disease through the perspective of physiology in conjunction with epidemiology as opposed to bottom-up reductionism alone. PMID:21224238

Joyner, Michael J; Pedersen, Bente K

2011-01-01

322

The Relationship between Teaching and Learning Conceptions, Preferred Teaching Approaches and Questioning Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on the relationship between preferential teaching approach (PTA) and the concept of teachers' questioning practices (TQP), as part of a large-scale three-year project aimed at developing the scholarship of teaching and learning at one Portuguese university. In order to contribute to understandings of how teachers' questioning is…

Pedrosa-de-Jesus, Maria Helena; da Silva Lopes, Betina

2011-01-01

323

Logarithms and the Richter Scale  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson involves using logarithms as used in the Richter Scale, which identifies the magnitude of earthquakes. The connection between basic exponential and logarithmic functions is emphasized. The activity includes assessment questions for students.

2011-01-25

324

BioGrapher: Biography Questions as a Restricted Domain Question Answering Task  

E-print Network

BioGrapher: Biography Questions as a Restricted Domain Question Answering Task Oren Tsur Text and Data Mining Group Bar Ilan University tsuror@cs.biu.ac.il Maarten de Rijke Informatics Institute questions, i.e., questions asking for biographi- cal facts about persons. The domain of biographical

de Rijke, Maarten

325

A concept for major incident triage: full-scaled simulation feasibility study  

PubMed Central

Background Efficient management of major incidents involves triage, treatment and transport. In the absence of a standardised interdisciplinary major incident management approach, the Norwegian Air Ambulance Foundation developed Interdisciplinary Emergency Service Cooperation Course (TAS). The TAS-program was established in 1998 and by 2009, approximately 15 500 emergency service professionals have participated in one of more than 500 no-cost courses. The TAS-triage concept is based on the established triage Sieve and Paediatric Triage Tape models but modified with slap-wrap reflective triage tags and paediatric triage stretchers. We evaluated the feasibility and accuracy of the TAS-triage concept in full-scale simulated major incidents. Methods The learners participated in two standardised bus crash simulations: without and with competence of TAS-triage and access to TAS-triage equipment. The instructors calculated triage accuracy and measured time consumption while the learners participated in a self-reported before-after study. Each question was scored on a 7-point Likert scale with points labelled "Did not work" (1) through "Worked excellent" (7). Results Among the 93 (85%) participating emergency service professionals, 48% confirmed the existence of a major incident triage system in their service, whereas 27% had access to triage tags. The simulations without TAS-triage resulted in a mean over- and undertriage of 12%. When TAS-Triage was used, no mistriage was found. The average time from "scene secured to all patients triaged" was 22 minutes (range 15-32) without TAS-triage vs. 10 minutes (range 5-21) with TAS-triage. The participants replied to "How did interdisciplinary cooperation of triage work?" with mean 4,9 (95% CI 4,7-5,2) before the course vs. mean 5,8 (95% CI 5,6-6,0) after the course, p < 0,001. Conclusions Our modified triage Sieve tool is feasible, time-efficient and accurate in allocating priority during simulated bus accidents and may serve as a candidate for a future national standard for major incident triage. PMID:20701802

2010-01-01

326

Planetary protection - some legal questions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

When we legally investigate the topic of Planetary Protection, we have to realise that there are primarily two very distinct parts of our juridical work: We have to study lexlata, theexistingapplicableLaw, especially Space Law, and also lexferenda, whatshouldbethe law . With this in mind, we have to deliberate the legal meaning of the notions "Planetary", and "Protection". About " Planetary": Our own Earth is our most important planet. At present only here do exist human beings, who are sensu strictu the only legal subjects. We make the law, we have to apply it, and we are to be protected as well as bound by it. But what is further meant by "Planetary"? Is it planets in an astronomical sense only, the nine planets which revolve around our fixed star, namely the sun, or is it also satellites, moving around most of these planets, as our own Moon circles Earth. "The Moon and other Celestial Bodies (C.B.)" are subject to Space Law, especially to International Treaties, Agreements, Resolutions of the UN, etc. I propose that they and not only the planets in an strictly astronomical sense are to be protected. But I do not think that the said notion also comprises asteroids, comets, meteorites, etc. although they too belong to our solar system. Our investigation comes to the result that such bodies have a different (lesser) legal quality. Also we have to ask Protectionfrom what ? From: Natural bodies - Meteorites, NEO Asteroids, Comets which could hit Earth or C.B.Artificial Objects: Space Debris threatening especially Earth and near Earth orbits.Terrestrial Life - no infection of other celestial bodies. Alien life forms which could bring about "harmful contamination" of Earth and the life, above all human life, there, etc. Here, astrobiological questions have to be discussed. Special realms on C.B. which should be protected from electronic "noise" such as craters SAHA or Deadalus on the Moon, also taking into account the "Common Heritage" Principle. Then, we have to examine: Protectionwhere, of whom andofwhat: On Earth: Humans, and nature, namely other life forms, air, water and soil, but also all man made things. On Other celestial bodies: Crew of manned Space Missions, Stations on C.B., possible alien life forms, or remnants of such, water, other environment on C.B. - even if completely barren? Protection of C.B. from becoming "an area of international conflict". Finally, we have to discuss overriding interests, such as deflection of Asteroids which threaten to hit Earth, then the legally permitted "Use" of C.B., also mining versus protection, then, too high costs of absolutely sterile Spacecraft, etc. With this, we have de lege ferenda to create an order of values of protection, whereby the protection of the higher category has priority over the lesser ones.

Fasan, E.

2004-01-01

327

Planetary protection - some legal questions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

When we legally investigate the topic of Planetary Protection, we have to realise that there are primarily two very distinct parts of our juridical work: We have to study lex lata, the existing applicable Law, especially Space Law, and also lex ferenda, what should be the law. With this in mind, we have to deliberate the legal meaning of "Planetary", and of "Protection". About "Planetary": Our own Earth is the most important planet. At present only here do exist human beings, who are sensu strictu the only legal subjects. We make the law, we have to apply it, and we are to be protected as well as bound by it. Then, we have to discuss what is further meant by "Planetary": Is it planets in an astronomical sense only, the nine planets which revolve around our fixed star, namely the sun, or is it also satellites, moving around most of these planets, as our own Moon circles Earth. "The Moon and other Celestial Bodies (C.B)" are subject to Space Law, especially to International Treaties, Agreements, Resolutions of the UN etc. I propose that they and not only the planets in an strictly astronomical sense are to be protected. But I do not think that the said notion also comprises asteroids, comets, meteorites etc. although they too belong to our solar system. Our investigation comes to the result that such bodies have a different (lesser) legal quality. Also we have to ask Protection from what? From: Natural bodies - Meteorites, NEO Asteroids, Comets which could hit Earth or C.B. Artificial Objects: Space Debris threatening especially Earth and near Earth orbits. Terrestrial Life - no infection of other celestial bodies. Alien life forms which could bring about "harmful contamination" of Earth and the life, above all human life, there etc. Here, astrobiological questions have to be discussed. Special realms on C.B. which should be protected from Electronic "Noise" such as craters SAHA or Deadalus on the Moon, also taking into account the "Common Heritage" Principle. Then we have to examine: Protection where, of whom and of what: On Earth: Humans, other life forms, but also all man made things as well as air, water, soil. On Other celestial bodies: Crew of manned Space Missions, Stations on C.B., possible alien life forms, or remnants of such, water, other environment on C.B.- even if completely barren? Protection of C.B. from becoming "an area of international conflict" Finally we have to discuss overriding interests, such as deflection of Asteroids which threaten to hit Earth, then the legally permitted "Use" of C.B., also mining versus protection, and too high costs of absolutely sterile Spacecraft etc. With this we have de lege ferenda to create an order of values of protection as follows, whereby the protection of the higher category has priority over the lesser ones: 1)Human life, be it on Earth or beyond it, 2)Other terrestrial life, 3)Inanimate terrestrial environment, 4)Possible life forms or their remnants on the Moon or other C.B., 5)The natural environment of the Moon and other C.B., 6)Asteroids, Meteorites, Comets etc.

Fasan, E.

328

Pre-Lab Questions For Introductory Physics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These simulation-based interactive question sets are pre-lab questions for the first and second semesters of an introductory physics lab at Kennesaw State University. The pre-lab questions for the first semester cover a wide range of introductory laboratories, including vectors, gravity, projectile motion, Newton's laws, conservation of energy and momentum, and pendular motion. Second semester pre-lab questions cover laboratories for capacitors, the Wheatstone bridge and Ohm's law, resistive circuits, magnetism, induction, LRC circuits, Snell's law, lenses, and double slit interference, and diffraction.

Mzoughi, Taha

2008-07-01

329

Do Japanese children with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder respond differently to Wh-questions and Yes/No-questions?  

PubMed

The present study compared 12 Japanese children with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (HFASD), ranging in age from 7.3-14.8 years, with 12 typically developing (TD) children matched for age, gender, and vocabulary. The means of full-scale IQ and verbal-IQ of the children with HFASD were 95.92 (SD = 15.30) and 98.00 (SD = 18.44), respectively. Children responded to questions from their mothers in conversations collected under a semi-structured setting, and the responses of both groups were examined from the viewpoint of adequacy. Compared to TD children, HFASD children produced more inadequate responses to Wh-questions than to Yes/No questions. To both types of questions, HFASD children produced more inappropriate responses than TD children. The findings suggest that parents of HFASD children should consider the influence of the question format on these children's response inadequacies. PMID:20707655

Oi, Manabu

2010-09-01

330

The effects on interest, instruction, and achievement on the science question level of middle school students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The effects of instruction in writing researchable questions, science topic interest, and achievement (science, reading, and mathematics) on science question level in seventh grade students were investigated experimentally. The hypotheses were: students instructed in researchable questioning in science would outperform students who were not instructed on a measure of science question level; students interested in science topics would score higher on a measure of science question level, than when they are not interested; and high achieving students in mathematics, reading or science would outperform students who are not high achievers on a measure of science question level. Eight classes of normally achieving seventh graders (n = 106 students), from a middle school in west central Florida, were randomly assigned to two treatments. One group received instruction in writing researchable questions in science, the other group did not receive instruction. Each student in each of the eight classes completed "The Middle School Students' Science Topic Interest Rating Scale", developed for this study (test-retest reliability, rsbs =.84), rating each of the thirteen topics from one to three. All students selected two topics in which they were least interested, and two topics in which they were most interested. They then wrote researchable questions for each topic. All students took the Scholastic Aptitude Tests (SAT) in reading, mathematics and science. The questions were rated using the four levels described by "The Middle School Students' Science Question Rating Scale", developed for this study (inter-rater reliability, rsbs =.96). The scores for each question were averaged for two raters then summed for each interest level for each student The means and standard deviations were computed for questions generated at a low level of interest, questions generated at a high level of interest, reading SAT scores, mathematics SAT scores, and science SAT scores. The data were analyzed for main effects and interaction effects using general linear modeling procedures. The variable modeled was question level. There was one within subjects factor, science topic interest, and four between subjects factors: instruction, science achievement, mathematics achievement and reading achievement. The results, consistent with the hypotheses, indicate that students who received instruction in researchable questioning outperformed those students who were not instructed on a measure of science question level; when students were interested in a science topic their question level was significantly higher than when they were not interested; and students who were high achievers in mathematics, reading or science outperformed those students who were not high achievers on a measure of science question level.

Cuccio Schirripa, Santine

331

Risk Factor Analysis and the Youth Question  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is concerned with exploring how in late modernity the "youth question" is being addressed by public policy and what impact this is having on understandings of childhood and youth. Historically the youth question has been shaped by adult anxieties over youth delinquency and their problems of social integration. In late modernity, this is…

France, Alan

2008-01-01

332

Teaching Dystopias: The Value of Religious Questioning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that a true general education should encourage the exploration of religious questions. Describes the author's use of works showing dystopian societies based on existing values, such as Huxley's "Brave New World," to encourage students to rethink their assumptions and develop openness toward the questions that religions address. (22…

Seabury, Marcia Bundy

1995-01-01

333

Please circle the questions with Fifth choice  

E-print Network

Please circle the questions with Surname Given Name E-mail Fifth choice Tenth choice If your a computer from NotePC Reuse Office. Please circle your category Personal Information Supervisor's signature. · Japanese student (Undergraduate, science course) Phone No. #12;Please circle the questions with Surname

Katsumoto, Shingo

334

Focus on the Question for Intermediate Algebra.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on the question that is being discussed in a mathematics lesson is suggested as an approach to teaching developmental mathematics at the college level. Ways in which students can be involved with the question are described. First, some contagious cliches that are used by students are given. Then a few antidotal aphorisms and educational…

Feldman, Leonard

335

Lunar interferometric astronomy: Some basic questions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The author examines some basic questions as to why there should be astronomical facilities on the far side of the moon. The questions are ones of appropriateness, i.e., is this a proper use for human resources, what the real goals are, and are the present concepts the best match for the goals.

Woolf, Neville

1992-01-01

336

Questionnaire Design: Asking Questions with a Purpose  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This short document guides the user through the stages of creating and implementing an effective questionnaire. The types of questions and how they should be worded are addressed, and many good examples of the different types of questions that could go into a questionnaire are presented. This resource is intended for novice evaluators.

Taylor-Powell, Ellen

1998-05-01

337

Children's Questions: A Mechanism for Cognitive Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preschoolers' questions may play an important role in cognitive development. When children encounter a problem with their current knowledge state (a gap in their knowledge, some ambiguity they do not know how to resolve, some inconsistency they have detected), asking a question allows them to get targeted information exactly when they need it.…

Chouinard, Michelle M.

2007-01-01

338

Questions to Ask Your Liability Insurance Broker  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses some important questions to ask an insurance broker regarding liability insurance. The author based these questions on his interviews with Kathryn Hammerback, Craig Hammer, and Mike North: (1) Are centers covered when...?; (2) How can a center director cut costs on this policy?; (3) Is this an "occurrence" or a "claims-made"…

Neugebauer, Roger

2006-01-01

339

Rangeland ecology: Key global research issues & questions  

E-print Network

1 Rangeland ecology: Key global research issues & questions Robin Reid1 and Maria Fernandez Ecology Lab 2Associate Professor Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA Global Issues and Questions in Rangeland Ecology · Despite the focus here on global issues, we need to recognize that Mongolia

340

Probabilistic question answering on the web  

Microsoft Academic Search

Web-based search engines such as Google and NorthernLight return documents that are relevant to a user query, not answers to user questions. We have developed an architecture that augments existing search engines so that they support natural language question answering. The process entails five steps: query modulation, document retrieval, passage extraction, phrase extraction, and answer ranking. In this paper we

Dragomir R. Radev; Weiguo Fan; Hong Qi; Harris Wu; Amardeep Grewal

2002-01-01

341

Can automated questioning help children's reading comprehension?  

E-print Network

Can automated questioning help children's reading comprehension? Joseph E. BECK, Jack MOSTOW during assisted reading, and experimentally evaluate its effects on their comprehension. In 2002, after and Approach Teachers can improve children's reading comprehension by training them to generate questions [1

Mostow, Jack

342

Statistics Test Questions: Content and Trends  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study presents the results of the analysis of a group of teacher-made test questions for statistics courses at the university level. Teachers were asked to submit tests they had used in their previous two semesters. Ninety-seven tests containing 978 questions were gathered and classified according to the SOLO taxonomy (Biggs & Collis,…

Salcedo, Audy

2014-01-01

343

Asking Questions & Promoting Discourse (Part 2)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This brief NCTM article presents Part 2 (Part 1 cataloged separately) of their collection of tips on asking good questions and promoting discourse, which is an integral part of the teaching and learning in a classroom. The article includes suggestions on how teachers can improve their questioning techniques as well as how they respond to student discourse.

2013-01-01

344

The Right Questions, the Right Way  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to Dylan Wiliam, the traditional classroom practice in which a teacher asks a question, students raise their hands, and the teacher calls on a volunteer does not actually provide much useful information--and it may even impede learning. When teachers ask questions in this way, they're only engaging the most confident students in the…

Wiliam, Dylan

2014-01-01

345

The Effects of Questioning on Thinking Processes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effects of self-generated questions and external questions on thinking processes. Thirty-three college students acted as investigators in a computer simulation of a Congressional investigation into the Pearl Harbor attack. The simulation--known as "The Attack on Pearl Harbor: Cloud of Mystery?"--presented the background…

Shiang, Ching-Pyng; McDaniel, Ernest

346

Processing the Curriculum through Quality Questioning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this inquiry-based project, student-generated questions became the basis for student-directed individual and group projects that provided practice with problem solving, critical thinking, and research skills while digging deeper into the Earth science curriculum. The author used her students' high-level questions to provide relevance,…

Gregerson, Jessica

2011-01-01

347

Fixed-Response Questions with a Difference.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers three types of fixed-response questions that are designed to overcome drawbacks appearing in the conventional forms of fixed-response questions such as not allowing the examiner to investigate reasoning, background, or prevent guessing. (Contains 14 references.) (Author/YDS)

Johnstone, Alex H.; Ambusaidi, Abdullah

2002-01-01

348

From Asking to Answering: Making Questions Explicit  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"From Asking To Answering: Making Questions Explicit" describes a pedagogical procedure the author has used in writing classes (expository, technical and creative) to help students better understand the purpose, and effect, of text-questions. It accomplishes this by means of thirteen discrete categories (e.g., CLAIMS, COMMITMENT, ANAPHORA, or…

Washington, Gene

2006-01-01

349

Self-Questioning Instructional Research: A Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies in self-questioning designed to improve students' prose processing are reviewed in the context of three theoretical perspectives: active processing perspective, metacognitive theory, and schema theory. The effects of self-questioning training on students' prose processing seem successful. Constraints of content knowledge and metacognitive…

Wong, Bernice Y. L.

1985-01-01

350

Teaching Reading: Asking the Right Questions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that reading should be a significant portion of the foreign language student's experience but that, in order for the reading to be an occasion for comprehensible input, the text must be authentic, meaningful to students, and followed by questions which encourage reading for meaning. Gives examples of such questions. (SED)

Babcock, Arthur E.

1985-01-01

351

Revisiting Examination Questions in Tertiary Academic Writing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluates Horowitz's (1989) test question categories in a different context from his North American study. Examines questions from two tertiary institutions in New Zealand and compares differences between New Zealand and American institutions. Results suggest that assessment workshops within an institution may be useful for standardizing…

Lewis, Marilyn; Starks, Donna

1997-01-01

352

Questioning Skills Facilitate Online Synchronous Discussions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The results of this study show that effective questioning skills increase student intellectual moves that, in turn, facilitate the process of knowledge construction in online synchronous discussion (OSD). The open-ended questions elicited multiple perspectives by promoting student participation, while OSD enabled them to share and debate multiple…

Wang, C.-H.

2005-01-01

353

Concealed Questions. In Search of Answers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation examines the semantic interpretation of various types of DPs in so-called concealed-question (CQ) constructions, as "Bill's phone number" in the sentence "John knows Bill's phone number". The peculiar characteristic of DP-CQs is that they are interpreted as having the meaning of an embedded question. So, for instance, the…

Frana, Ilaria

2010-01-01

354

"Wh"-Questions in the English Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyzes "wh"-questions in the English Language based mainly on Chomsky's Minimalist Programme of transformational grammar as the theoretical model. The four main objectives of this paper are as follows: first, it undertakes a cross linguistic typological analysis of "wh"-questions and it then discusses the derivation of…

Mowarin, Macaulay

2011-01-01

355

Methodological questions in studying consonant acquisition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Consonant mastery is one of the most widely used metrics of typical phonological acquisition and of phonological disorder. Two fundamental methodological questions concerning research on consonant acquisition are (1) how to elicit a representative sample of productions and (2) how to analyse this sample once it has been collected. This paper address these two questions by reviewing relevant aspects of

Jan Edwards; Mary E. Beckman

2008-01-01

356

Academic Oversight: Asking Questions, Building Bridges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The best way for trustees to fully understand and fulfill their responsibility to ensure that their institution is providing quality education and meeting academic goals is by asking appropriate questions. Collaboration among trustees, faculty members, and administrators is essential to framing questions from a strategic perspective. Just the act…

Wilson, E. B.

2011-01-01

357

NCI Director Discusses the Provocative Questions Project  

Cancer.gov

NCI Director Discusses the Provocative Questions Project NCI Director Discusses the Provocative Questions Project You will need Adobe Flash Player 8 or later and JavaScript enabled to view this video. You can view the movie here NCI Director Harold Varmus,

358

GETTING INTO COURT: STANDING, POLITICAL QUESTIONS AND  

E-print Network

and their impacts, and still have questions about the appropriate branch of government to determine questions about of Kivalina v. Exxon Mobil Corp.7 In this case, the Village of Kivalina, Alaska (which is the governing body Federal and State common law, as well as claims for civil conspiracy, and concert of action. The District

Colorado at Boulder, University of

359

A scaling theory for linear systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A theory of scaling for rational (transfer) functions in terms of transformation groups is developed. Two different four-parameter scaling groups which play natural roles in studying linear systems are identified and the effect of scaling on Fisher information and related statistical measures in system identification are studied. The scalings considered include change of time scale, feedback, exponential scaling, magnitude scaling, etc. The scaling action of the groups studied is tied to the geometry of transfer functions in a rather strong way as becomes apparent in the examination of the invariants of scaling. As a result, the scaling process also provides new insight into the parameterization question for rational functions.

Brockett, R. W.; Krishnaprasad, P. S.

1980-01-01

360

Questioning the questions that have been asked about the infant brain using near-infrared spectroscopy  

E-print Network

Questioning the questions that have been asked about the infant brain using near-infrared, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, USA Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is a noninvasive diffuse; Near-infrared spectroscopy. "Sheddinglight"onascientificquestiontookonnew meaning when

Aslin, Richard N.

361

Beyond Information Retrieval—Medical Question Answering  

PubMed Central

Physicians have many questions when caring for patients, and frequently need to seek answers for their questions. Information retrieval systems (e.g., PubMed) typically return a list of documents in response to a user’s query. Frequently the number of returned documents is large and makes physicians’ information seeking “practical only ‘after hours’ and not in the clinical settings”. Question answering techniques are based on automatically analyzing thousands of electronic documents to generate short-text answers in response to clinical questions that are posed by physicians. The authors address physicians’ information needs and described the design, implementation, and evaluation of the medical question answering system (MedQA). Although our long term goal is to enable MedQA to answer all types of medical questions, currently, we currently implement MedQA to integrate information retrieval, extraction, and summarization techniques to automatically generate paragraph-level text for definitional questions (i.e., “What is X?”). MedQA can be accessed at http://www.dbmi.columbia.edu/~yuh9001/research/MedQA.html. PMID:17238385

Lee, Minsuk; Cimino, James; Zhu, Hai Ran; Sable, Carl; Shanker, Vijay; Ely, John; Yu, Hong

2006-01-01

362

Questioning ‘Open questioning’ in early years science discourse from a social semiotic perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Received wisdom in Primary science classroom teaching advocates the use of open questions for elicitation. The socio-cultural perspective on discourse, however, leads one to question the usual classification of questioning by its grammatical formality and leads instead to an analysis of the discourse in the socio-cultural context which includes the background of the children. In this paper we develop this

Diane Harris; Julian Williams

2007-01-01

363

Beginning EFL Teachers' Beliefs about Quality Questions and Their Questioning Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Motivated by the scarcity of research that examines the impact of teacher beliefs on their actual practices in Vietnam, this study investigated the relationship between teachers' beliefs about quality questions and their questioning behaviours in terms of questioning purposes, content focus, students' cognitive level, wording and syntax.…

Pham, Ly Ngoc Khanh; Hamid, M. Obaidul

2013-01-01

364

Considering Children's Questions at Group Time: Let Children's Questions and Curiosity Lead Your Group Time Explorations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Often children's questions are about the things they observe. The beauty of using children's questions about life to inspire discussions is that it invites children to work collectively toward a common goal. This article describes the process of using children's questions to facilitate great group time interactions. The process starts where the…

Church, Ellen Booth

2007-01-01

365

Questioning "Open Questioning" in Early Years Science Discourse from a Social Semiotic Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Received wisdom in Primary science classroom teaching advocates the use of open questions for elicitation. The socio-cultural perspective on discourse, however, leads one to question the usual classification of questioning by its grammatical formality and leads instead to an analysis of the discourse in the socio-cultural context which includes…

Harris, Diane; Williams, Julian

2007-01-01

366

Question Classification using Support Vector Machines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Question classification is very important for question\\u000a answering. This paper presents our research work on\\u000a automatic question classification through machine learning\\u000a approaches. We have experimented with five machine\\u000a learning algorithms: Nearest Neighbors (NN), Naive Bayes\\u000a (NB), Decision Tree (DT), Sparse Network of Winnows\\u000a (SNoW), and Support Vector Machines (SVM) using two kinds\\u000a of features: bag-of-words and bag-ofngrams. The experiment\\u000a results

Dell Zhang; Wee Sun Lee

2003-01-01

367

Effects of Question-Generation Training on Reading Comprehension  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we explored the effects of training in question generation on comprehension question performance, on quality and form of generated questions, and on accuracy of predicted comprehension. Sixth-grade students were instructed during five sessions to generate good think-type questions for expository passages. The group trained in question generation outperformed four comparison groups (no-question control, question-generation practice, literal question-response

Beth Davey; Susan McBride

1986-01-01

368

The Effect of Question Order on Responses to Multiple-choice Questions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This paper, presented at the 2002 Physics Education Research Conference, investigates how the order of two related FCI questions (#13 and 14) affects students' responses. This study also investigates the effect an unrelated FCI question (#23) has on answers to the above problems. Four versions of a survey were administered before and after instruction to 243 students taking an algebra-based physics class. Versions 1 and 2 of the survey included the related physics questions in opposite order. Versions 3 and 4 included the unrelated physics question and one of the above questions. Student responses for the four versions were compared for both the pre- and post-instruction surveys.

Gray, Kara E.; Rebello, N. S.; Zollman, Dean A.

2006-12-06

369

The Effect of Question Order on Responses to Multiple-choice Questions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This paper, presented at the 2002 Physics Education Research Conference, investigates how the order of two related FCI questions (#13 and 14) affects students' responses. This study also investigates the effect an unrelated FCI question (#23) has on answers to the above problems. Four versions of a survey were administered before and after instruction to 243 students taking an algebra-based physics class. Versions 1 and 2 of the survey included the related physics questions in opposite order. Versions 3 and 4 included the unrelated physics question and one of the above questions. Student responses for the four versions were compared for both the pre- and post-instruction surveys.

Gray, Kara; Rebello, Sanjay; Zollman, Dean

2010-12-02

370

The Geomagnetic Field: Frequently Asked Questions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a group of frequently asked questions and answers about Earth's magnetic field and poles, the magnetic compass, magnetic reversals, and geomagnetic models. Links to maps and illustrations are embedded in the text.

371

Designing Questions To Encourage Children's Mathematical Thinking.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests an elementary school activity and questions to promote five types of mathematical thinking including modeling, logical analysis, inference, optimization, and abstraction. Discusses evaluating activities for mathematical reasoning opportunities. (ASK)

Schielack, Jane F.; Chancellor, Dinah; Childs, Kimberly M.

2000-01-01

372

Gallstones: Questions to Discuss with Your Doctor  

MedlinePLUS

... Health Men’s Health Heart & Circulatory Health contact us Gallstones Questions to Discuss with Your Doctor: Do you ... for example, birth-control pills or hormone replacement therapy)? Have you had any rapid weight loss? Are ...

373

Different Questions, Different Methods of Study  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students will learn that scientists not only do controlled experiment but other forms of investigations. Different types of questions lead to different types of investigations. Not all scientific knowledge is obtained through experimentation.

Admin, Admin

2011-10-07

374

Response to Questions on Presentation to NAS  

SciTech Connect

Response to questions on the presentation 'Overview to Chamber and Power Plant Designs for IFE' made at the 1/29-31 meeting of the National Academies Committee on the Prospects for Inertial Confinement Fusion Energy Systems.

Meier, W R

2011-03-17

375

A Response to the Question of Elitism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Points out that Ralph Smith's article, "A Question of Elitism," offers useful distinctions for advancing the cause of elitism in education. Contends that excellence and democratic values are indeed compatible. (BSR)

Hausman, Jerome J.

1987-01-01

376

A Response to the Question of Elitism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responds to Ralph Smith's essay, "The Question of Elitism," by arguing that translating the skills of critical thinking and value criteria to the classroom is problematic. Offers an analysis of why these skills are difficult to teach. (BSR)

Rideout, Roger

1987-01-01

377

Questions to Ask about Radiation Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Prostate Skin Upper GI Latest Research Find a Radiation Oncologist Last Name: Facility: City: State: Zip Code: ... ask about radiation safety Questions to ask about radiation safety Radiation is a safe, highly effective cancer ...

378

Women and Diabetes: Frequently Asked Questions  

MedlinePLUS

... magazine: women, In this section Living With Diabetes Treatment and Care Women Coronary Heart Disease Sexual Health Women and Diabetes: Frequently Asked Questions Eating Disorders Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) donate en -- Last Chance ...

379

Answering Your Child's Tough Questions About Alcohol  

MedlinePLUS

... feedback today. Answering Your Child's Tough Questions About Alcohol As your child becomes curious about alcohol, he ... dad) that I wouldn’t drink.” “You drink alcohol, so why can’t I?” Remind your child ...

380

Living with Kidney Disease: Frequently Asked Questions  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... Learn About Kidney Disease Kidney Disease Basics At Risk for Kidney Disease? Race, Ethnicity, and Kidney Disease Talking With Your Health Professionals Questions to Ask Your Health Care Professional ...

381

Frequently Asked Questions about Health Reform  

MedlinePLUS

... To qualify for subsidies (also called premium tax credits) people will have to meet additional requirements having ... coverage, you might not qualify for premium tax credits. Share this question: Share on Twitter Share on ...

382

Similar Density Questions with Very Different Results  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While developing a standardized fluids assessment covering buoyancy and pressure, we discovered deficiencies in student understanding of density. In particular, many college students do not recognize that density is a fixed property of a solid substance, such as aluminum or gold. We added questions to our diagnostic exam to probe the extent of student difficulties. In one of our questions, only 50-60% of students (depending upon class) recognize that the density of gold is a fixed value. When similar questions from an existing diagnostic¹ are used, however, 88-100% of students correctly identify the density of a piece of wood and of a diamond as fixed values. In this paper we discuss the differences between these questions and how those differences affect student responses. ¹ Yeendâs Density Survey.

Lindow, Ashley; Carbone, Elizabeth; Wagner, Doris J.

2014-02-01

383

Frequently Asked Questions on Syncope After Vaccination  

MedlinePLUS

... Immunization Works! Frequently Asked Questions on Syncope After Vaccination On this Page What is syncope How common ... during their lifetime. How common is fainting after vaccination? It is not known how often fainting occurs ...

384

Questions and Answers: Smallpox Vaccine and Monkeypox  

MedlinePLUS

Monkeypox Clinicians Public Health Lawyers Pet Owners & Animal Handlers Veterinarians Case Definition Infection Control & Exposure Management Lab & ... Rd. Atlanta, GA 30333 USA (404) 639-3311 Monkeypox Home > QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS Smallpox Vaccine and Monkeypox ...

385

Questions Parents Ask about Baby Shots  

MedlinePLUS

... on the next page ? Questions Parents Ask About Vaccinations for Babies Why are vaccinations important? What diseases do vaccines protect against? I ... I need to bring my baby in for vaccinations? How do I know when to take my ...

386

Sarcoidosis: Questions to Discuss with Your Doctor  

MedlinePLUS

... Health Men’s Health Heart & Circulatory Health contact us Sarcoidosis Questions to Discuss with Your Doctor: Have you ... past? Do you have a family history of sarcoidosis? Are you taking any medications? Have you ever ...

387

Heart Failure Questions to Ask Your Doctor  

MedlinePLUS

... Pressure High Blood Pressure Tools & Resources Stroke More Heart Failure Questions to Ask Your Doctor Updated:Apr 2, ... was last reviewed on 08/20/2012." Downloadable Heart Failure Resources What is Heart Failure? (PDF) How Can ...

388

Head Lice: Malathion Frequently Asked Questions  

MedlinePLUS

... Treatment FAQs Malathion FAQs Epidemiology & Risk Factors Disease Biology Diagnosis Treatment Prevention & Control Resources for Health Professionals ... Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) Epidemiology & Risk Factors Disease Biology Diagnosis Treatment Prevention & Control Resources for Health Professionals ...

389

Head Lice: Treatment Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)  

MedlinePLUS

... Treatment FAQs Malathion FAQs Epidemiology & Risk Factors Disease Biology Diagnosis Treatment Prevention & Control Resources for Health Professionals ... Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) Epidemiology & Risk Factors Disease Biology Diagnosis Treatment Prevention & Control Resources for Health Professionals ...

390

Frequently Asked Questions about Genetic Counseling  

MedlinePLUS

... on this page Frequently Asked Questions About Genetic Counseling What are genetic professionals and what do they ... genetics nurses. Top of page What is genetic counseling and evaluation? Genetic professionals work as members of ...

391

Negative answers to some positivity questions  

E-print Network

We construct counterexamples to a number of questions related to positivity properties of line bundles on algebraic varieties. The examples are based on studying the geometry of varieties that admit pseudo automorphisms ...

Lesieutre, John

2014-01-01

392

Questions and Answers about High Blood Pressure  

MedlinePLUS

... Blood Pressure Questions and Answers About High Blood Pressure What is high blood pressure? Blood pressure is the force of blood against ... doctor. Am I at risk for high blood pressure? Anyone can develop high blood pressure. But there ...

393

BYU HONORS PROGRAM The Great Questions Requirement  

E-print Network

, often provoked by new discoveries and developments in technology (e.g., questions of medical ethics, use, and Humanities Social Sciences, Business, and Education Science (including Nursing), Technology, Engineering

Olsen Jr., Dan R.

394

Get Answers to Common Questions About...  

Cancer.gov

Get Answers to Common Questions About... Biological Specimens Drug Availability, Labeling and Distribution Ethics Indemnity Insurance Planning Clinical Trials and Navigating Regulatory Requirements Protocols Quality Assurance and Monitoring Software

395

Osteoarthritis: Questions to Discuss with Your Doctor  

MedlinePLUS

... Health Men’s Health Heart & Circulatory Health contact us Osteoarthritis Questions to Discuss with Your Doctor: How long ... function? What have you done to treat your osteoarthritis? Have you seen a physical therapist? Do you ...

396

Development of a scale to measure individuals’ ratings of peace  

PubMed Central

Background The evolving concept of peace-building and the interplay between peace and health is examined in many venues, including at the World Health Assembly. However, without a metric to determine effectiveness of intervention programs all efforts are prone to subjective assessment. This paper develops a psychometric index that lays the foundation for measuring community peace stemming from intervention programs. Methods After developing a working definition of ‘peace’ and delineating a Peace Evaluation Across Cultures and Environments (PEACE) scale with seven constructs comprised of 71 items, a beta version of the index was pilot-tested. Two hundred and fifty subjects in three sites in the U.S. were studied using a five-point Likert scale to evaluate the psychometric functioning of the PEACE scale. Known groups validation was performed using the SOS-10. In addition, test-retest reliability was performed on 20 subjects. Results The preliminary data demonstrated that the scale has acceptable psychometric properties for measuring an individual’s level of peacefulness. The study also provides reliability and validity data for the scale. The data demonstrated internal consistency, correlation between data and psychological well-being, and test-retest reliability. Conclusions The PEACE scale may serve as a novel assessment tool in the health sector and be valuable in monitoring and evaluating the peace-building impact of health initiatives in conflict-affected regions. PMID:25298781

2014-01-01

397

Are combinations of questions better than individual questions for detecting sensitization to mite allergen?  

PubMed

Previous studies have found that questions are considerably less sensitive for predicting sensitization to dust mites than to pollens or to household pets. We studied 1160 children with respiratory symptoms to find whether the sensitivity for predicting mite allergy could be increased by asking several rather than single questions. Parents accompanying the children were asked standardized validated questions. Of the four individual questions relevant to mites, the one with the highest sensitivity for predicting a positive skin prick test to this allergen was whether the symptoms were worse when the house was being swept, vacuumed or dusted (29.8%). If an affirmative answer to that question, or to any of the other three questions, was taken as predictive of sensitization, the sensitivity increased to 54.2%. However, requiring only a single affirmative answer to this combination of questions decreased the specificity. The sensitivity of the combination of questions was comparable to that of questions for predicting positive tests to tree pollens (56.4%), cats (56.4%), grass pollens (52.5%) and dogs (51.4%). We conclude that asking a combination of questions is an useful for indicating possible sensitization to dust mite as are questions for detecting sensitization to other common inhalant allergens. PMID:9116879

Murray, A B; Milner, R A

1996-08-01

398

A topic clustering approach to finding similar questions from large question and answer archives.  

PubMed

With the blooming of Web 2.0, Community Question Answering (CQA) services such as Yahoo! Answers (http://answers.yahoo.com), WikiAnswer (http://wiki.answers.com), and Baidu Zhidao (http://zhidao.baidu.com), etc., have emerged as alternatives for knowledge and information acquisition. Over time, a large number of question and answer (Q&A) pairs with high quality devoted by human intelligence have been accumulated as a comprehensive knowledge base. Unlike the search engines, which return long lists of results, searching in the CQA services can obtain the correct answers to the question queries by automatically finding similar questions that have already been answered by other users. Hence, it greatly improves the efficiency of the online information retrieval. However, given a question query, finding the similar and well-answered questions is a non-trivial task. The main challenge is the word mismatch between question query (query) and candidate question for retrieval (question). To investigate this problem, in this study, we capture the word semantic similarity between query and question by introducing the topic modeling approach. We then propose an unsupervised machine-learning approach to finding similar questions on CQA Q&A archives. The experimental results show that our proposed approach significantly outperforms the state-of-the-art methods. PMID:24595052

Zhang, Wei-Nan; Liu, Ting; Yang, Yang; Cao, Liujuan; Zhang, Yu; Ji, Rongrong

2014-01-01

399

Question Matching Based on Domain Ontology and Description Logic  

Microsoft Academic Search

Question matching is a key stone in web intelligent question answering system. A novel question matching algorithm based on ontology and description logic is presented in the paper. Domain knowledge represented by ontology is very important in question matching. Concepts and relations between concepts are extracted from both standard and user questions, then the concepts and relations in standard questions

Jibin Fu; Shuhong Li; Youli Qu

2010-01-01

400

Overview of the TREC 2005 Question Answering Track  

Microsoft Academic Search

The TREC 2005 Question Answering (QA) track contained three tasks: the main question answering task, the document ranking task, and the relationship task. In the main task, question series were used to dene a set of targets. Each series was about a single target and contained factoid and list questions. The nal question in the series was an ìOtherî question

Ellen M. Voorhees; Hoa Trang Dang

2005-01-01

401

Posing the research question: not so simple  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  The success of any research process relies, in part, on how well investigators are able to translate a clinical problem into\\u000a a research question—a task that is not so simple for novice investigators. The PICOT approach requires that the framing of\\u000a the research question specify the target Population, the Intervention of interest, the Comparator intervention, key Outcomes, and the Time

Lehana Thabane; Tara Thomas; Chenglin Ye; James Paul

2009-01-01

402

Ten questions and answers about superconductivity  

E-print Network

This work answers the basic questions of superconductivity in a question-and-answer format. We extend a basic hypothesis to various superconductors. This hypothesis is that superconductivity requires that the pairing gap locates around the Fermi level. On the basis of this hypothesis our calculations give the so-called three factor theory with which some key problems of the high temperature superconductivity are explained.

Tian De Cao

2010-06-29

403

Children answered 24 questions in 3 sections  

E-print Network

· The length of time it took to make each item Sixty nine children from a primary school in South Yorkshire were tested from Year 2 (mean = 6y 7m), Year 4 (mean = 8y 11m) and Year 6 (mean = 10y 7m). The CTK Question Type Percentage of Questions Correct Year 2 Year 4 Year 6 Short-Term Tasks 0 2 4 6 Year Seconds

Haase, Markus

404

Are debatable scientific questions debatable? (Invited)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Are debatable scientific questions debatable? In 2000, the physicist-philosopher John Ziman posed this pithy---and crucial---question. He noted that scientists were at a disadvantage in public debate, because the rules of engagement are different in scientific discourse than in public discourse in ways that make it difficult for scientists to `win' public arguments, even when the facts are on their side.

N. Oreskes

2010-01-01

405

Developing Student Ability to Ask Scientific Questions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is a two-part (three week) lab in which students initially develop a claim (non-scientific) and learn how to use evidence to support a claim. They then are provided with a scientific research question for which they need to make a claim supported with evidence from their own models (river/stream tables). Based on their results, they then ask a new research question, design the model, carry out their tests and report their results.

Kaatje Kraft

406

Heritage tourism: A question of age  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research analyzes the demographic characteristics and motivations of the senior and non-senior market segments in selecting a heritage site. By studying how these two groups of individuals select heritage sites, planners will be better able to comprehend what these individuals expect from their visit. A survey consisting of a historic preservationist scale, benefits sought scale, services sought scale, historic

Tammie J. Kaufman; Pamela A. Weaver

2006-01-01

407

From Question Answering to Visual Exploration  

SciTech Connect

Research in Question Answering has focused on the quality of information retrieval or extraction using the metrics of precision and recall to judge success; these metrics drive toward finding the specific best answer(s) and are best supportive of a lookup type of search. These do not address the opportunity that users? natural language questions present for exploratory interactions. In this paper, we present an integrated Question Answering environment that combines a visual analytics tool for unstructured text and a state-of-the-art query expansion tool designed to compliment the cognitive processes associated with an information analysts work flow. Analysts are seldom looking for factoid answers to simple questions; their information needs are much more complex in that they may be interested in patterns of answers over time, conflicting information, and even related non-answer data may be critical to learning about a problem or reaching prudent conclusions. In our visual analytics tool, questions result in a comprehensive answer space that allows users to explore the variety within the answers and spot related information in the rest of the data. The exploratory nature of the dialog between the user and this system requires tailored evaluation methods that better address the evolving user goals and counter cognitive biases inherent to exploratory search tasks.

McColgin, Dave W.; Gregory, Michelle L.; Hetzler, Elizabeth G.; Turner, Alan E.

2006-08-11

408

An Integrated Skills Approach Using Feature Movies in EFL at Tertiary Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the results of a case study based on an integrated skills approach using feature movies (DVDs) in EFL syllabi at the tertiary level. 100 students took part in the study and the data was collected through a three - section survey questionnaire: demographic items, 18 likert scale questions and an open-ended question. The data…

Tuncay, Hidayet

2014-01-01

409

Epistemologies, conceptions of learning, and study practices in medicine and psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The subjects (N = 175), freshmen and fifth year students in psychology (n = 59) and medicine (n = 116), described their modes of studying by answering open-ended questions and Likert-type questions, presented to them within a task booklet. They were first asked to write down their own subjective definitions of learning. Scales to classify the answers were adopted from

K. Lonka; S. Lindblom-Ylänne

1996-01-01

410

The Use of Technology by Nonformal Environmental Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the use of instructional and learning technologies by nonformal environmental educators. A 40-question survey was developed to inquire about practitioner demographics, technology use in practice, and beliefs about technology. The survey consisted of multiple choice, open-ended questions, and a Likert-type scale component--the…

Peffer, Tamara Elizabeth; Bodzin, Alec M.; Smith, Judith Duffield

2013-01-01

411

How Personality and Gender May Relate to Individual Attitudes toward Caring for and about Others  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Heightened global awareness and caring are reported as attributes of high intelligence. But we noted enough exceptions in our gifted clientele to question whether feelings of global concern are further related to personality type and gender. A nonrandom sample of 124 bright adults responded to author-developed Likert scale online survey questions

Ruf, Deborah L.; Radosevich, David M.

2009-01-01

412

Ten key questions for the restructuring regulator  

SciTech Connect

In the terra incognita of restructuring, there are no adequate guidebooks. There are, however, a handful of questions that all stakeholders should address if the many restructuring debates are to be intelligently advanced. As the regulators consider signing on to this brave new world of electricity restructuring, it is becoming increasingly clear that there is no adequate guidebook. The purpose of this article is to help fill this gap by examining 10 key questions in the debate. Those questions are: Is the generation market potentially competitive? Is the market for electricity generation currently concentrated? Spot market power exchange vs. direct access - how should the transmission pool be structured? Should PBR be substituted for RBR in the distribution market? Can small residential customers be protected from price discrimination? Should utilities be allowed full recovery of stranded costs? How should stranded costs be valued? How should stranded costs be recovered? What about demand-side management and integrated resource planning? What about ratepayer assistance programs?

Navarro, P. [Univ. of California, Irvine, CA (United States)] [Univ. of California, Irvine, CA (United States)

1996-08-01

413

Ian Hinchliffe Answers Your Higgs Boson Questions  

SciTech Connect

contingent with the ATLAS experiment at CERN, answers many of your questions about the Higgs boson. Ian invited viewers to send in questions about the Higgs via email, Twitter, Facebook, or YouTube in an "Ask a Scientist" video posted July 3: http://youtu.be/xhuA3wCg06s CERN's July 4 announcement that the ATLAS and CMS experiments at the Large Hadron Collider have discovered a particle "consistent with the Higgs boson" has raised questions about what scientists have found and what still remains to be found -- and what it all means. If you have suggestions for future "Ask a Scientist" videos, post them below or send ideas to askascientist@lbl.gov

Hinchliffe, Ian

2012-01-01

414

Questionable prescribing for elderly patients in Quebec.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of questionable and rational high-risk prescribing among elderly people of the three drug groups most commonly implicated in drug-related illness: cardiovascular drugs, psychotropic drugs and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). DESIGN: Retrospective prevalence study; all prescription and billing records for the period Jan. 1 to Dec. 31, 1990, for the study sample were retrieved from the relevant provincial databases of the Régie de l'assurance-maladie du Québec. SETTING: Quebec. PARTICIPANTS: Regionally stratified random sample of 63,268 elderly medicare registrants who made at least one visit to physician in 1990 and were not living in a health care institution for the entire year. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Prescription information was examined for three types of high-risk prescribing: rational and questionable drug combinations, excessive treatment duration and drugs relatively contraindicated for use in elderly people. RESULTS: Overall, 52.6% of the patients experienced one or more events of high-risk prescribing, and 45.6% experienced at least one that was questionable. High-risk prescribing was most prevalent for psychotropic drugs, and questionable prescribing was more frequent than rational prescribing in this drug group. An estimated 30.8% of the total elderly population in Quebec received benzodiazepines for more than 30 consecutive days, 12.9% received a long-acting benzodiazepine, and 13.0% received a questionable high-risk psychotropic drug combination. The prevalence of high-risk prescribing was higher among the women than among the men and increased with age until 75 to 84 years. There were significant unexplained differences between regions in the regional prevalence of high-risk prescribing, particularly of psychotropic drugs. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of questionable high-risk prescribing, especially of psychotropic drugs, is substantial among elderly people. This may be a potentially important and avoidable risk factor for drug-related illness in elderly people. PMID:8199957

Tamblyn, R M; McLeod, P J; Abrahamowicz, M; Monette, J; Gayton, D C; Berkson, L; Dauphinee, W D; Grad, R M; Huang, A R; Isaac, L M

1994-01-01

415

Research on Chinese restricted domain question answering system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The knowledge representing method, question semantic analysis and answer extraction algorithm are very important parts of QA (question answering system). This paper puts forward a framework which can well serve not only the simple question, but also the complex conditional question; can construct and apply ontology to drive Chinese restricted domain QA; and can conveniently extract answer by QSR (question

Jie Liu; Ji-Bin Fu; Xiao-Yu Jiang; Kang Chen

2008-01-01

416

Why "Who Is the Client?" Is the Wrong Ethical Question  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The familiar question "Who is the client?" elicits a singular answer. This may be appropriate as a clinical question, and it is sometimes necessary as a legal question or reimbursement question, but on ethical questions, the National Association of School Psychologists Ethics Code requires school psychologists to "think plural"…

Fisher, Mary Alice

2014-01-01

417

The "Volvo Effect"--Questioning Standardized Tests.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Questions current emphasis on standardized tests and discusses several factors about the tests that should prompt reevaluation of their usefulness. Issues discussed include: development and design of standardized tests; the correlation between test scores and socioeconomic position; the discrepancy between test designs and accurate reflection of…

Wesson, Kenneth A.

2001-01-01

418

Matching Questions on Minerals and Rocks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site contains 11 matching questions on the topic of rocks and minerals, which covers rock types (igneous, metamorphic, sedimentary), mineral types (oxides, silicates, and more), and rock properties (texture, composition). This is part of the Principles of Earth Science course at the University of South Dakota. Users submit their answer and are provided immediate feedback.

Heaton, Timothy

419

Please circle the questions with Fifth choice  

E-print Network

Please circle the questions with Surname Fifth choice Tenth choice If your choices are not possible, do you want other PC? Yes / No Student categories Please circle your category Reason and Purpose this reuse project? Q. How did you know this reuse project? (Please circle all that apply.) From a handbook

Katsumoto, Shingo

420

Please circle the questions with Fifth choice  

E-print Network

Please circle the questions with Fifth choice Tenth choice If your choices are not possible, do project? Q. How did you know this reuse project? (Please circle all that apply.) From a handbook campus circle your category Department/ School /Year Preference Please write the PC No. on the web catalog. E

Katsumoto, Shingo

421

Aging and Depression: Some Unanswered Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The subject of aging and depression leaves many unanswered questions which this author raises. Little is known regarding the differentiation of depressive illness from a melancholic response to the stressful aging process, and equally little regarding the natural history of depressions with onset in the teens, 20s, or 30s. (Author)

Jarvik, Lissy F.

1976-01-01

422

Technical Communication across Cultures: Five Philosophical Questions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Challenges technical communicators to rethink some of the precepts of their discipline, in order to accommodate both global business ambitions and postmodern sensibilities. Questions core beliefs of many professional technical communicators. Suggests the clear, simple, and direct style of North American technical writers is an effective and…

Weiss, Edmond H.

1998-01-01

423

Some Questions about Feature Re-Assembly  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this commentary, differences between feature re-assembly and feature selection are discussed. Lardiere's proposals are compared to existing approaches to grammatical features in second language (L2) acquisition. Questions are raised about the predictive power of the feature re-assembly approach. (Contains 1 footnote.)

White, Lydia

2009-01-01

424

Rosie the Robot - a Question of Balance  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site, authored by New York Universities' Ken Perlin is the Rosie the Robot - a Question of Balance site. This comical but interesting page explains how The Jetsons TV show's Rosie the robot balances on her wheels. Besides this, visitors will fine interactive applets that they can manipulate to further their knowledge of gyroscope workings.

Perlin, Ken

425

[The question of gender in nursing].  

PubMed

The question of gender in the nursing profession. The proportion of men in nursing has varied over the centuries. However, nursing training was only opened up to men after the Second World War. This article reflects on the influence of gender and the place of men in nursing care from yesterday to today. PMID:24288884

Jacques, Josseline

2013-10-01

426

Sea Level : Frequently Asked Questions and Answers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Visitors can find answers to frequently asked questions regarding sea level and sea level changes. Topics addressed include how mean sea level is defined, how much sea level would rise if all the worlds ice were to melt, differences in sea level between oceans and at different latitudes, the meaning of altitude above sea level, and others.

2007-12-12

427

Frequently Asked Questions about Today's Cryptography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Many common questions about cryptography are answered in this May 2000 handbook by RSA Security, Inc. The contents include a basic introduction to cryptography, tools, applications, problems, cryptoanalysis, techniques, real world uses of cryptography, and legal issues. There is also some discussion of mathematical concepts involved and suggestions for further reading.

428

Questions & Answers about...Marfan Syndrome.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fact sheet answers general questions about Marfan syndrome, a heritable condition that affects the connective tissue. It describes the characteristics of the disorder, the diagnostic process, and ways to manage symptoms. Characteristics include: (1) people with Marfan syndrome are typically very tall, slender, and loose jointed; (2) more than…

National Inst. of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIH), Bethesda, MD.

429

Rangeland ecology: Key global research issues & questions  

E-print Network

1 Rangeland ecology: Key global research issues & questions Robin Reid and Maria Fernandez-Gimenez This paper discusses developments in our understanding about rangeland ecology and rangeland dynamics in the last 20 years. Before the late 1980's, the mainstream view in range ecology was that livestock

430

Question & Answers Natural Gas Fueling Infrastructure Solicitation  

E-print Network

to be renewable to get the 60% award? (Answer) A minimum of 30% of compressed natural gas or liquefied naturalQuestion & Answers Natural Gas Fueling Infrastructure Solicitation PON12605 1. If you of the Solicitation which defines renewable natural gas. 3. Do the projects have to be for new stations

431

Indigenising Curriculum: Questions Posed by Baiga "Vidya."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Baiga of central India are known for their extensive knowledge of the forest and healing. Healing knowledge is transmitted orally from male expert practitioners to novices. Features of this instruction, which is experiential and geared to the apprentice's levels of interest and ability, raise questions about the feasibility of including…

Sarangapani, Padma M.

2003-01-01

432

The Research Questions Who are Stakeholders?  

E-print Network

; · Information on the use of municipal waste water for industrial use; · Documenting scenarios where resource management? ·How can all stakeholders ensure a balance between socially, economically The Stakeholder Workshop Series - Research into Policy. There are not simple solutions to multi-faceted questions

Northern British Columbia, University of

433

Increasing Deception Detection Accuracy with Strategic Questioning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One explanation for the finding of slightly above-chance accuracy in detecting deception experiments is limited variance in sender transparency. The current study sought to increase accuracy by increasing variance in sender transparency with strategic interrogative questioning. Participants (total N = 128) observed cheaters and noncheaters who…

Levine, Timothy R.; Shaw, Allison; Shulman, Hillary C.

2010-01-01

434

Theory of laminated turbulence: open questions  

E-print Network

Theory of laminated turbulnece includes continuous layer of turbulence (statistical description, kinetic equations, Zakharov-Kolmogorov spectra, etc) AND discrete layer of turbulence (isolated groups of interacting waves, no statisticaldescription). This theory is presented, examples of possible applications are given, important open questions are formulated.

E. Kartashova

2006-07-30

435

American Indians Today: Answers to Your Questions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet attempts to answer briefly the most common questions about American Indians asked by students, people who believe they have Indian ancestors, individuals who want to visit or volunteer to work on a reservation, or those who want to know the current Indian policy. Separate sections outline President Reagan's American Indian policy;…

Bureau of Indian Affairs (Dept. of Interior), Washington, DC.

436

Common Questions Why should I soil test?  

E-print Network

, 1066 Bogue St., Room A81 (basement), East Lansing, MI. We are located in the Plant and Soil Science Soil & Plant Nutrient Laboratory Plant and Soil Sciences Building 1066 Bogue Street, Room A81 EastCommon Questions Why should I soil test? Soil testing is an important diagnostic tool to evaluate

Isaacs, Rufus

437

Artificial consciousness: Hazardous questions (and answers)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary If human consciousness is the result of complex neural electro-chemical interactions occurring in the brain, the question of whether a machine can ever become self-aware could be a matter of time: the time necessary to fully understand the functional behavior of the brain structure, develop a mathematical model of it, and implement an artificial system capable of working according

Giorgio Buttazzo

2008-01-01

438

Attitudes towards questionable negotiation tactics in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of individualism-collectivism, trust, and ethical ideology on ethically questionable negotiation tactics, such as pretending, deceiving and lying, in Turkey. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Survey questionnaires translated from English to Turkish were administered to 400 respondents, of whom 379 fully completed the questionnaires. Findings – The research empirically corroborated a classification

Ahmet Erku?; Moshe Banai

2011-01-01

439

BOMB THREAT CHECKLIST QUESTIONS TO ASK  

E-print Network

BOMB THREAT CHECKLIST QUESTIONS TO ASK: 1. When is the bomb going to explode? 2. Where is it right now? 3. What does it look like? 4. What kind of bomb is it? 5. What will cause it to explode? 6. Did you place the bomb? 7. Why? 8. What is your address? 9. What is your name? CALLER'S VOICE: ___Calm

Cui, Yan

440

Questions of Intimacy: Rethinking Population Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains 14 papers that examine recent changes in the definition, principles, and delivery of population education throughout the world. The paper titles are as follows: "Introduction" (Linda King); "Reaching Men for Health and Development" (Benno de Keijzer); "Boys, Men and Questions of Masculinity in South Africa" (Robert Morrell);…

King, Linda, Ed.

441

Meiosis Study Questions General Biology 2  

E-print Network

Meiosis Study Questions General Biology 2 1. Does meiosis generate new alleles? Explain. 2. What are the two main functional outcomes of meiosis in terms of the genetics of the final daughter cells? 3. What are the two mechanisms whereby meiosis creates genetic groupings that were different from those inherited from

Prestwich, Ken

442

10 questions about intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis.  

PubMed

Intracranial atherosclerotic disease is one of the most common causes of stroke worldwide, yet treatment for this disease is still uncertain. This article discusses challenges in the diagnosis and treatment of intracranial stenosis by posing 10 commonly asked questions about this disease. PMID:21150394

Turan, Tanya N; Chimowitz, Marc I

2010-11-01

443

Basics of Photometry Photometry: Basic Questions  

E-print Network

Basics of Photometry #12;Photometry: Basic Questions · How do you identify objects in your image type of object you're studying? #12;#12;#12;Topics 1. General Considerations 2. Stellar Photometry 3. Galaxy Photometry #12;I: General Considerations 1. Garbage in, garbage out... 2. Object Detection 3

Masci, Frank

444

Survey Questions Answered Only by Psychosocial Experts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twelve tables provide a breakdown of answers to a survey responded to by 48 experts in the psychosocial treatment of psychiatric and behavioral problems in people with mental retardation. Questions address treatment of self-injurious or aggressive behavior, specific psychiatric disorders, specific target symptoms, use of applied behavior analysis…

American Journal on Mental Retardation, 2000

2000-01-01

445

Learning How to Ask Research Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Collaborative research is a demanding endeavor, and for a group of undergraduate students tasked with identifying their own interdisciplinary research problem, the challenges are even greater. "It was scary--we didn't know what to ask the professors, and we couldn't decide on a research question," says Miran Park, a student at the University of…

Musante, Susan

2010-01-01

446

Background Material Important Questions about Magnetism  

E-print Network

Background Material Important Questions about Magnetism: 1) What is Magnetism?Magnetism is a force or repulsion due to charge is called the electric force. But what about magnetism, is there a fundamental property of some matter that makes things magnetic? The answer is: "sort of." Electric current

Mojzsis, Stephen J.

447

Online Transcript Request Questions and Answers  

E-print Network

. This will update you on the status. Q. I am a Tufts Alumnus. Can I order my transcript online? A. This new system log out of SIS Online or lose my connection before entering my payment information? A. If your paymentOnline Transcript Request Questions and Answers Q. How can I order an official transcript online? A

Tufts University

448

National Wetland Plant List Question and Answers  

E-print Network

for the names included within the proposed list, National List of Vascular Plant Species that Occur in WetlandsNational Wetland Plant List Question and Answers May 2012 Q1: How will the updated list affect as a result of the changes to the updated plant list. Approximately 12% of the wetland plant indicator

US Army Corps of Engineers

449

Question and Answers Alternative Fuel Readiness Plans  

E-print Network

Question and Answers Alternative Fuel Readiness Plans PON-13-603 September 3, 2013 Eligibility Q1 to readiness plans? A1 This solicitation is limited to readiness planning only for alternative fuels. Q2 In regards to PON-13-603 - Alternative Fuel Readiness Plans, is electricity used for transportation

450

Questions Students Ask: About Terminal Velocity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

If a ball were given an initial velocity in excess of its terminal velocity, would the upward force of air resistance (a function of velocity) be greater than the downward force of gravity and thus push the ball back upwards? An answer to this question is provided. (JN)

Meyer, Earl R.; Nelson, Jim

1984-01-01

451

The AP Descriptive Chemistry Question: Student Errors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For over a decade, the authors have been involved in a design theory experiment providing software for high school students preparing for the descriptive question on the Advanced Placement (AP) chemistry examination. Since 1997, the software has been available as a Web site offering repeatable practice. This study describes a 4-year project during…

Crippen, Kent; Brooks, David W.

2005-01-01

452

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS What is an appeal?  

E-print Network

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS · What is an appeal? · What is a complaint? · How do I submit an appeal appeal/complaint. Who should I talk to? · I believe that illness (or other personal circumstances with my marks. Can I appeal? · I am appealing against a decision to prevent me from progressing

Levi, Ran

453

Asking Essay Questions: Answering Contemporary Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Essay questions have been a stable fixture of teacher assessment activity for decades. Assessment reforms of the early 90's encouraged the development and use of "newer" forms of assessment including portfolios, performance tasks, and authentic assessments. As of late, however, there appears to be a regressive emphasis toward the use of objective…

Criswell, John R.; Criswell, Susan J.

2004-01-01

454

Business Education: Addressing the "What" Question  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an attempt to diversify the economy and stimulate private enterprise development, government agencies and private institutions in many countries have emphasized the importance of setting up and developing small and medium-size enterprises and promoting entrepreneurship. An important question confronting policy makers, however, is how they can…

Almoharby, Darwish

2008-01-01

455

The Priority of the Question: Focus Questions for Sustained Reasoning in Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science education standards place a high priority on promoting the skills and dispositions associated with inquiry at all levels of learning. Yet, the questions teachers employ to foster sustained reasoning are most likely borrowed from a textbook, lab manual, or worksheet. Such generic questions generated for a mass audience, lack authenticity…

Lustick, David

2010-01-01

456

Personal knowledge questions for fallback authentication: Security questions in the era of Facebook  

E-print Network

by the academic community. 1.1 Security Questions One solution, used by many banking sites, has been to rely mechanisms for a num- ber of personal banking websites, and found that many of them rely in part on security supplement our survey of bank security questions with a small user study that supplies some context for how

Singh, Jaswinder Pal

457

CNM2 SOP Question Sheet New users only answer the questions on this page.  

E-print Network

CNM2 SOP Question Sheet New users only answer the questions-------------------------------------- Breadth of Hazards 1. What are the 3 major possibilities for explosions at CNM2 any two common sharps at CNM2. 2. Where can you find gauze and bandages

Yoo, S. J. Ben

458

Questioning to Scaffold: An Exploration of Questions in Pre-Service Teacher Training Feedback Sessions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research was to explore trainer questioning strategies which aimed to scaffold development and learning in teacher training feedback sessions. Research was conducted with a group of Turkish pre-service English teacher trainees at an English-medium university in Turkey. Findings include a categorisation of different question

Engin, Marion

2013-01-01

459

A Domain-Specific Question Answering System Based on Ontology and Question Templates  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rapid growth in the development of Internet-based information systems increases the demand for natural language interfaces that are easy to set up and maintain. Unfortunately, the problem of deep understanding natural language queries is far from being solved. In this paper, an automated question answering system based on domain ontology and question template is proposed, which does not need

D. S. Wang

2010-01-01

460

Fish and Wildlife Management Questions and RM&E Strategies Key Management Questions  

E-print Network

1 Fish and Wildlife Management Questions and RM&E Strategies Key Management Questions 1. Are we meeting biological and programmatic performance objectives established within the Columbia Basin Fish implemented and accomplished as proposed? Strategic Category: Fish Population Status Monitoring The following

461

Evidence for Confirmatory Biases in Interviewers' Questioning Strategies Using a Free Question Generation Methodology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The selection interview is a commonly used procedure for gathering applicant information upon which to base personnel decisions. Synder and Swann (1978) found that people tended to ask questions and generally seek information consistent with their initial beliefs about the person being interviewed. They suggested that this confirmatory questioning

Binning, John F.; And Others

462

Frequently asked questions in allergy practice  

PubMed Central

Background Over the last 10-20 years, international guidelines and consensus statements for the management of common allergic diseases (e.g. allergic rhinitis and asthma) have been developed and disseminated worldwide. However, their impact on knowledge and standard of clinical practice among primary care physicians and specialists is unknown. Objective To investigate need for an improvement in the dissemination of international guidelines for the diagnosis and management of allergic rhinitis. Methods Seven medical students who attended 3-day 1st International Basic Allergy Course (2010) took down all questions raised during the entire course. A systemic analysis of these questions was performed to identify areas for improvement in diagnosis and management of allergic diseases mainly in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) region. Results 268 participants, 143 males and 125 females, comprising Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) specialists (n = 106) and trainees (n = 34), general practitioners (n = 87), and other healthcare professionals (n = 41) attended the course. Of the 103 questions recorded, 59 were regarding treatment modalities in allergy practice such as immunotherapy (n = 38), pharmacologics (n = 15), nasal surgery (n = 2), and others (n = 4). 41 questions (39.8%) have answers based in the Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma guidelines (2001 and 2008). Certain questions were selected for further analysis because they appeared to be (a) more commonly asked (e.g. immunotherapy) or (b) were deemed to be challenging or, even controversial (e.g. food allergy and differential diagnosis between vasovagal and anaphylaxis reaction), as the recommendations in current international guidelines were less well-defined. Conclusion Our study identified several problems that, if tackled, could help minimize confusion and provide better care for patients suffering from allergic diseases especially in the ASEAN region. PMID:24527411

Tan, Xiang-Xuan; Xie, Peiting; Kwek, Jia-Li; Kwek, Sock-Yuen; Yang, Zihui; Soon, Weiling; Leong, Jern-Lin

2014-01-01

463

Grand challenge scientific questions in coupled modeling  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Most convective field experiments in the past (e.g., SESAME, CCOPE, CINDE) have attempted to resolve only the immediate scales of moist convection using network arrays that spanned two or three atmospheric scales at most. Furthermore, these scales have been defined more on practical considerations (cost, manpower, etc.) than on a clear understanding of their theoretical significance. Unfortunately, this has precluded a description of the entire life cycle of MCS's and their interaction with larger scale systems, the land surface, and trace species. Fortunately, the following factors now make it possible to attempt to simulate scale contraction processes from the synoptic scale down to the cloud scale, as well as interactions between complex meteorological, land surface, precipitation, chemical, and hydrologic processes with coupled, multiscale models: the availability of new technology to sample meteorological fields at high temporal and spatial resolution over a broad region made possible by the weather observing modernization program; increased computer power and improved numerical approaches to run limited area models with nonhydrostatic precipitation physics so as to explicitly resolve MCS (Mesoscale Convective System) processes; and four dimensional assimilation of non-conventional data to provide dynamically consistent datasets for diagnostic analysis of nonlinear scale-interactive dynamics. Several examples of scale-interactive processes which present grand challenges for coupled, multiscale modeling were presented.

Koch, Steven

1993-01-01

464

Use of social network sites for question and answer behavior  

E-print Network

In this thesis, we look at the behavior of posting questions as status updates on popular social network sites like Twitter and Facebook. This question asking behavior is similar to the use of search engines, question and ...

Panovich, Katrina (Katrina Marie)

2011-01-01

465

Ground Water and Drinking Water: Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site, from the Office of Ground Water and Drinking Water, presents a list of most frequently asked questions (with answers). Question topics include: drinking water standards, getting information about your tap water and questions about bottled water.

466

THE ORIGINAL AUTHORITY ON QUESTIONING AUTHORITY THE ORIGINAL  

E-print Network

THE ORIGINAL AUTHORITY ON QUESTIONING AUTHORITY THE ORIGINAL AUTHORITY ON QUESTIONING AUTHORITY THE ORIGINAL AUTHORITY ON QUESTIONING AUTHORITY Whose door will you open? Chancellor's AssociAtes #12;KNOCK

California at Santa Cruz, University of

467

Pre-Lab Questions: Acceleration Due to Gravity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A series of simulation based interactive questions that were used as pre-lab questions at Kennesaw State University. The simulations in this case are based on Davidson's college Physlets. These particular questions focus on free fall.

Mzoughi, Taha

2008-09-21

468

NCI Community Cancer Centers Program - Frequently Asked Questions  

Cancer.gov

NCI Community Cancer Centers Program - Frequently Asked Questions Search NCCCP Contact Us Overview Frequently Asked Questions Frequently Asked Questions NCI Community Cancer Centers Program Pilot: 2007-2010 Key Points The NCI Community

469

An Evaluation of the Ethical Judgment Scale.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated certain measurement properties of the Ethical Judgment Scale. Results revealed findings of questionable validity and unacceptably low reliability for the instrument even though three different scoring methods were used in the analysis. (Author)

Doromal, Quintin S., Jr.; Creamer, Don G.

1988-01-01

470

Outstanding questions: physics beyond the Standard Model.  

PubMed

The Standard Model of particle physics agrees very well with experiment, but many important questions remain unanswered, among them are the following. What is the origin of particle masses and are they due to a Higgs boson? How does one understand the number of species of matter particles and how do they mix? What is the origin of the difference between matter and antimatter, and is it related to the origin of the matter in the Universe? What is the nature of the astrophysical dark matter? How does one unify the fundamental interactions? How does one quantize gravity? In this article, I introduce these questions and discuss how they may be addressed by experiments at the Large Hadron Collider, with particular attention to the search for the Higgs boson and supersymmetry. PMID:22253238

Ellis, John

2012-02-28

471

Analysis of questioned documents: A review.  

PubMed

During the last years (2000-2014), many publications concerning the forensic analysis of questioned documents have been published, and new techniques and methodologies are nowadays employed to overcome forensic caseworks. This article reviews a comprehensive collection of the works focused on this issue, including dating studies, the analysis of inks from pens and printers, the analysis of paper, the analysis of other samples related to questioned documents and studies on intersecting lines. These sections highlight the most relevant analytical studies by a wide range of analytical techniques. Separation and spectrometric techniques are critically discussed and compared, emphasizing the advantages and disadvantages of each one. Finally, concluding remarks on the research published are included. PMID:25467455

Calcerrada, Matías; García-Ruiz, Carmen

2015-01-01

472

Salamander Superpowers A Question of Regeneration  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This case, developed for a course in human biology, provides students with a context for discussing stem cells and cloning by exploring regeneration in salamanders and the ethical as well as scientific and health-related issues of applying what scientists know about that natural process to humans. Students read the case and then answer questions about cell differentiation and regeneration as they explore the pros and cons of providing natural regeneration in humans versus stem cell transplants for wound and organ repair.

Sarah G. Stonefoot

2003-01-01

473

Boundary Questions Between Ontology and Biology  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter deals with some problems linking biology and ontology. After a general survey of the most prominent ontological\\u000a questions lying behind biology, the study case of biological boundaries is addressed. The scrutiny of the relevant literature\\u000a shows that biologists speak of various types of boundary: perceptual, compositional, epithelial, cellular and sensu lato processual boundaries; all of them appear to

Pietro Ramellini

474

Twenty-five questions for string theorists  

SciTech Connect

In an effort to promote communication between the formal and phenomenological branches of the high-energy theory community, we provide a description of some important issues in supersymmetric and string phenomenology. We describe each within the context of string constructions, illustrating them with specific examples where applicable. Each topic culminates in a set of questions that we believe are amenable to direct consideration by string theorists, and whose answers we think could help connect string theory and phenomenology.

Binetruy, Pierre; /Orsay, LPT; Kane, G.L.; /Michigan U., MCTP; Lykken, Joseph D.; /Fermilab; Nelson, Brent D.; /Pennsylvania U.

2005-09-01

475

The impact of initial teacher education on understandings of physical education: Asking the right question  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evaluation of professional socialisation can provide insight on the impact of Physical Education Teacher Education. A large-scale (n=326) single question ‘What is PE?’ qualitative methodology was used to access pre-service primary teachers’ understandings of the nature and purpose of physical education . Data analysis involved word frequency queries and coding using a qualitative coding framework based on the dominant discourses

Déirdre Ní Chróinín; Maura Coulter

2012-01-01

476

How to Improve Your Impact Factor: Questioning the Quantification of Academic Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A broad-scale quantification of the measure of quality for scholarship is under way. This trend has fundamental implications for the future of academic publishing and employment. In this essay we want to raise questions about these burgeoning practices, particularly how they affect philosophy of education and similar sub-disciplines. First,…

Smeyers, Paul; Burbules, Nicholas C.

2011-01-01

477

The Impact of Initial Teacher Education on Understandings of Physical Education: Asking the Right Question  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluation of professional socialisation can provide insight on the impact of Physical Education Teacher Education. A large-scale (n=326) single question "What is PE?" qualitative methodology was used to access pre-service primary teachers' understandings of the nature and purpose of physical education . Data analysis involved word frequency…

Chroinin, Deirdre Ni; Coulter, Maura

2012-01-01

478

Factors Affecting Responses of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder to "Yes/No" Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to clarify factors related to difficulties in responding to "yes/no" questions (Y/N-Qs) among 52 children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), 41 boys and 11 girls aged between 3:5-16:0 years. Participants completed the Tanaka-Binet Intelligence Scale V, the Picture Vocabulary Test: Revised (PVT-R), and the Pervasive…

Funazaki, Yasuhiro; Oi, Manabu

2013-01-01

479

Management of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) questions & answers  

SciTech Connect

This {open_quotes}Management of PCBs Questions and Answers{close_quotes} has been developed from a presentation given by Dr. John Smith of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the transcribed question and answer session which followed the presentation. Dr. Smith was featured at the first DOE complex-wide PCB Focus Group meeting held in San Francisco, California in December 1992. The meeting was attended by representatives from field elements who were actively involved in the management of PCBs. The meeting served as a forum for the exchange of information and discussion of PCB management issues. This document has been prepared as one of several guidance documents developed by the Department of Energy Office of Environmental Policy and Assistance (EH-41) (formerly the Office of Environmental Guidance, EH-23) to assist DOE elements in their PCB management programs. This document is organized into three parts: (1) an introduction describing the conception and development of this document, (2) a summary of Dr. Smith`s presentation, and (3) the question and answer session.

NONE

1995-11-01

480

Descriptive Question Answering with Answer Type Independent Features  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we present a supervised learning method to seek out answers to the most frequently asked descriptive questions: reason, method, and definition questions. Most of the previous systems for question answering focus on factoids, lists or definitional questions. However, descriptive questions such as reason questions and method questions are also frequently asked by users. We propose a system for these types of questions. The system conducts an answer search as follows. First, we analyze the user's question and extract search keywords and the expected answer type. Second, information retrieval results are obtained from an existing search engine such as Yahoo or Google. Finally, we rank the results to find snippets containing answers to the questions based on a ranking SVM algorithm. We also propose features to identify snippets containing answers for descriptive questions. The features are adaptable and thus are not dependent on answer type. Experimental results show that the proposed method and features are clearly effective for the task.

Yoon, Yeo-Chan; Lee, Chang-Ki; Kim, Hyun-Ki; Jang, Myung-Gil; Ryu, Pum Mo; Park, So-Young

481

Toward Question-Asking Machines: The Logic of Questions and the Inquiry Calculus  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

For over a century, the study of logic has focused on the algebra of logical statements. This work, first performed by George Boole, has led to the development of modern computers, and was shown by Richard T. Cox to be the foundation of Bayesian inference. Meanwhile the logic of questions has been much neglected. For our computing machines to be truly intelligent, they need to be able to ask relevant questions. In this paper I will show how the Boolean lattice of logical statements gives rise to the free distributive lattice of questions thus defining their algebra. Furthermore, there exists a quantity analogous to probability, called relevance, which quantifies the degree to which one question answers another. I will show that relevance is not only a natural generalization of information theory, but also forms its foundation.

Knuth,Kevin H.

2005-01-01

482

Questions and Answers In this chapter, I address a number of commonly raised questions about  

E-print Network

Chapter 1 Questions and Answers Ron Sun In this chapter, I address a number of commonly raised and similarity among various concrete situations, and therefore may lose sight of some critical information

Sun, Ron

483

Fundamental Studies on Generation of Questions to Users in an Interactive Question Answering System  

E-print Network

matching of user query with natural language knowledge base. In Proceedings of the 1st ACL SIGdial Workshop. HITIQA: Towards analytical question answering. In Proceedings of the COL- ING, pp. 1291­1297, 2004. #12;

Shirai, Kiyoaki

484

Five questions to ask about the soils  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I think that anyone who ever gave a lecture would agree that this feels like being on a stage. One has to educate the audience of course, but also keep attention and be interesting to the listeners. Authority is important but there is a certain vulnerability at all times. There is also a fine line on both sides that should not be crossed. However, the most important thing is that the audience remembers the lecture and certain points the lecturer made for at least some time, and even more that someone gets interested enough to ask for more details. This is often done by giving interesting examples and unusual comparison. Teaching a soils course there are five main questions to be addressed, of which first four are often subordinated to the fifth being the most complex. First question is "Is the soil alive?". The answer is yes, and that is what it differentiates from any type of sediment or rock, and it is very vulnerable to environmental change. The second question is "Where does it come from?" Rocks being a main origin of soils are often neglected in soil science and petrography in general, and weathering, as an important process for soil formation, are not given enough explaining. Petrography teaches us about rock characteristics, structure and texture and mineralogy. Understanding petrography would help in understanding the weathering processes which are crucial for soil formation and this must not be ignored. The third question is "Is it old?" Yes, it is - at least for everybody else except geologists. It is important to understand how slow the soil formation process is. The forth question is "Does it move?" Yes, it can move and the faster it moves downhill, it less likes it. Erosion is a very important problem for soil and must be addressed. And finally, the fifth question is "What are the main characteristics of soils?" This is an opportunity to talk about physical, chemical, biological, microbiological issues. As the most elaborate question it allows the lecturer to talk mostly about the soil issues that are of main interest to the audience. Every soil science course should involve laboratory and field classes as much as possible. Hands on experience has always been of outmost importance and one hour in the lab or in the field can substitute 3-5 hours of lecturing measuring the absorbed information by students. So, to conclude, if one knows that something is alive, what it is made off, how old it is, what will happen to it during natural processes and also during imposed processes one would develop some respect for it and would be interested in its various characteristics and also, probably, how to save it from degradation. If that is all done while having a chance to touch it, and see it in its natural condition, the result would be even more insightful.

Kasanin Grubin, Milica

2013-04-01

485

Pacific Northwest residential energy survey. Volume 3. Question-by-question results  

SciTech Connect

Tabulations are presented of responses to approximately 105 questions. Results are tabulated by 9 geographic regions: the four states of Idaho, Montana, Oregon, and Washington; four climate zones in the region; and a weighted Pacific Northwest total. A description of the tabulated data is given in the Introduction. Tabulated data deal with questions on dwelling characteristics; heating and air-conditioning systems; water heating; appliances; demographic and swelling characteristics; and insulation.

None

1980-07-01

486

For general inquiries, information, or questions, contact  

E-print Network

·Concurrent programming and cloud-based computing ·Data cyberinfrastructure ·Data mining ·Database systems; manufacturing applications ·Distributed and large-scale simulation ·Distributed systems ·Game theory

Linhardt, Robert J.

487

Question Answering using Integrated Information Retrieval and Information Extraction  

E-print Network

in the DARPA GALE distillation evaluation. 1 Introduction As question-answering systems advance from han- dling approach has been evaluated in the frame- work of the DARPA GALE1 program. One of the GALE evaluations The language of the question immediately raises the question of what is meant by prosecution. Unlike a question

Schiffman, Barry

488

Students Asking Questions in the Middle School Mathematics Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asking questions is a vital part of student learning. Teachers ask students questions in order to get their minds working and thinking. Students ask questions in order to gain more knowledge or satiate their curiosity. If a student has trouble asking questions in the classroom they might miss an important step and become lost. In a class, such as…

Fitzsimmons, Martha

2011-01-01

489

Overview of the TREC 2004 Question Answering Track  

Microsoft Academic Search

The TREC 2004 Question Answering track contained a single task in which question series were used to define a set of targets. Each series contained factoid and list questions and related to a single target. The final question in the series was an \\

Ellen M. Voorhees

2004-01-01

490

Semantic Technology and the Question-Centric Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article I describe software that facilitates "question-centric curricula" in which "big questions," rather than academic disciplines, are the primary means of organizing educational resources. To find these questions, the software scans course catalogs and extracts all sentences ending in a question mark. To find connections between…

Fost, Joshua

2013-01-01

491

Science questions for the Magellan continuing mission  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Magellan has completed two mapping cycles around the planet Venus, returning high resolution synthetic aperture images and altimetry data of over 95 percent of the planet's surface. Venus is dominated by low lying volcanic plains with an impact crater population indicating an average surface age of about 500 million years. Highland regions either tend to be characterized by volcanic shield complexes and rifting or by complex ridged terrain. Successful as the primary mission of Magellan has been, significant scientific questions remain to be addressed with imaging and gravity data that will be collected over the next several years.

Saunders, R. S.; Stofan, E. R.

1992-01-01

492

The most intriguing question in synesthesia research.  

PubMed

This discussion paper forms an insightful addition to the synesthesia literature. Accompanying a steep increase in recent publications on synesthesia, it helps remedy the conspicuous paucity of mechanistic process models explaining the condition. The paper furthermore addresses what is arguably among the most interesting questions: Why do most synesthetes *not* get confused by their additional sensations? This is particularly interesting when phrased in a broader context: What are the mechanisms for deciding which of the sensations we experience reflect something "real" (phenomena in the outside world) and which reflect something that is "not real" (internally generated and private phenomena). PMID:24735051

Rouw, Romke; Ridderinkhof, K Richard

2014-01-01

493

[5ARI and PSA: open questions.  

PubMed

No consensus has ever been reached on the predictive value of serum prostate specific antigen(PSA) for the diagnosis of prostate cancer. Limitations of PSA testing in clinical practice have beenoften discussed in the peer-reviewed literature following data derived from clinical trials such as theProstate Cancer Prevention Trial (PCPT) and the Reduction by Dutasteride of Prostate Cancer Events(REDUCE) study that showed a linear rise in the risk of prostate cancer with increasing PSA levels.Benign prostatic hyperplasia is a known confounding factor for the use of PSA as a marker of prostatecancer. Increased prostate volume observed with ageing, urinary retention, acute and chronicinflammatory conditions of the prostate, sexual activity and digital rectal examination may all cause anincrease of PSA values. Both finasteride and dutasteride, 5-alpha reductase inhibitors (5ARI) used inthe treatment of BPH, are known to induce a significant decrease of serum PSA levels close to 50%.The observed change in PSA values following 5ARI treatment has raised questions about the accuracyof PSA testing for the early diagnosis of prostate cancer in patients on finasteride/dutasteride treatment.Careful analysis of data from various clinical trials on pharmacological treatment of LUTS due toBPH suggested that the accuracy of PSA testing is not just maintained but rather increased following5ARI use. Then, the question of PSA accuracy during 5ARI treatment can be considered closed. PMID:25350562

Tubaro, Andrea; Puccini, Federica; De Nunzio, Cosimo

2014-09-23

494

Amnestying Superiority Violations: Processing Multiple Questions  

PubMed Central

Two experiments investigated the acceptability of multiple questions. As expected, sentences violating the Superiority Condition were accepted less often than sentences obeying it. The status of the Superiority violations was not improved by the addition of a third wh, regardless of whether the third wh was an adjunct or an argument, though it was improved by the addition of a second question (e.g., and when). Further, in a small pilot study directly comparing a sentence with adjacent final wh-phrases that may induce a stress clash (I’d like to know who hid it where when) with a sentence violating Superiority but avoiding the final adjacent wh-phrases (I’d like to know where who hid it when), half the participants indicated that the Superiority violation sentence sounded better. This suggests that the status of some additional-wh sentences may appear to improve simply because the comparison sentence with adjacent final wh-phrases is degraded. Overall, the results of the studies suggest that there is no need to complicate syntactic theory to account for the additional-wh effect, because there is no general additional-wh effect. PMID:17356682

Clifton, Charles; Fanselow, Gisbert; Frazier, Lyn

2006-01-01

495

Provocative Questions for the Deuterium Session  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Analyses of spectra obtained with the Far Ultraviolet Spectrograph Explorer (FUSE) satellite, together with spectra from the Copernicus, Hubble Space Telescope (HST), and Interstellar Medium Absorption Profile Spectrograph (IMAPS) instruments reveal a very wide range in the observed deuterium/hydrogen (D/H) ratios for interstellar gas in the Galactic disk beyond the Local Bubble. For gas located beyond the Local Bubble but within several hundred parsecs, the observed D/H ratios differ by a factor of 4-5. A critically important question is what value or values of D/H in the local region of our Galaxy should be compared with chemical evolution models of the Galaxy and with the primordial deuterium abundance. Linsky et al. [Astrophys. J. 647, 1106 (2006)] argued that spatial variations in the depletion of deuterium onto dust grains can explain these local variations in the observed gas-phase D/H ratios. In this provacative introduction to the deuterium session, I ask six questions concerning analysis techniques and proposed results from the FUSE D/H program in the hope that the speakers and participants in this conference will give serious thought to the robustness of our present understanding of this important topic. In particular, is the deuterium depletion model valid? Is it only part of the explanation?

Linsky, Jeffrey L.

2009-05-01

496

The Museum of Questionable Medical Devices  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Featuring items on loan from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, the American Medical Association, and others, the Minneapolis-based Museum of Questionable Medical Devices is an interesting resource about the history of medicine. From frightening turn-of-the-century phrenology machines to the vibrating "Relaxicisor," taken off the market in 1971, and even an electric shock contraption, "The Stimulator," introduced in 1996, the site features a wide array of machines. Visitors can click on a machine's name and go to a page that includes a photo or illustration, a bit of history of the machine including the date and manufacturer, and a series of related links both to other pages on the museum's site and to outside sites. The links take readers to interesting, informative quackery sites such as Quackwatch.com, Internet Hoax Watch, and the National Council for Reliable Health Information. Well-organized, lively, and information-rich, the Museum of Questionable Medical Devices Website provides a worthwhile diversion.

497

The regulation of autophagy – unanswered questions  

PubMed Central

Autophagy is an intracellular lysosomal (vacuolar) degradation process that is characterized by the formation of double-membrane vesicles, known as autophagosomes, which sequester cytoplasm. As autophagy is involved in cell growth, survival, development and death, the levels of autophagy must be properly regulated, as indicated by the fact that dysregulated autophagy has been linked to many human pathophysiologies, such as cancer, myopathies, neurodegeneration, heart and liver diseases, and gastrointestinal disorders. Substantial progress has recently been made in understanding the molecular mechanisms of the autophagy machinery, and in the regulation of autophagy. However, many unanswered questions remain, such as how the Atg1 complex is activated and the function of PtdIns3K is regulated, how the ubiquitin-like conjugation systems participate in autophagy and the mechanisms of phagophore expansion and autophagosome formation, how the network of TOR signaling pathways regulating autophagy are controlled, and what the underlying mechanisms are for the pro-cell survival and the pro-cell death effects of autophagy. As several recent reviews have comprehensively summarized the recent progress in the regulation of autophagy, we focus in this Commentary on the main unresolved questions in this field. PMID:21187343

Chen, Yongqiang; Klionsky, Daniel J.

2011-01-01

498

Research in thermal biology: Burning questions for coldwater stream fishes  

SciTech Connect

With the increasing appreciation of global warming impacts on ecological systems in addition to the myriad of land management effects on water quality, the number of literature citations dealing with the effects of water temperature on freshwater fish has escalated in the past decade. Given the many biological scales at which water temperature effects have been studied and the growing need to integrate knowledge from multiple disciplines of thermal biology to fully protect beneficial uses, we held that a survey of the most promising recent developments and an expression of some of the remaining unanswered questions with significant management implications would best be approached collectively by a diverse research community. We have identified five specific topic areas of renewed research where new techniques and critical thought could benefit coldwater stream fishes (particularly salmonids): molecular, organism, population/species, community and ecosystem, and policy issues in water quality. Our hope is that information gained through examination of recent research fronts linking knowledge at various scales will prove useful in managing water quality at a basin level to protect fish populations and whole ecosystems. Standards of the past were based largely on incipient lethal and optimum growth rate temperatures for fish species, while future standards should consider all integrated thermal impacts to the organism and ecosystem.

McCullough, Dr. Dale [University of California, Berkeley; Bartholow, Dr. John [U.S. Department of Fish and Wildlife; Jager, Yetta [ORNL; al., et. [Various Institutes

2009-01-01

499

Research in thermal biology: Burning questions for coldwater stream fishes  

USGS Publications Warehouse

With the increasing appreciation of global warming impacts on ecological systems, in addition to the myriad of land management effects on water quality, the number of literature citations dealing with the effects of water temperature on freshwater fish has escalated in the past decade. Given the many biological scales at which water temperature effects have been studied, and the growing need to integrate knowledge from multiple disciplines of thermal biology to fully protect beneficial uses, we held that a survey of the most promising recent developments and an expression of some of the remaining unanswered questions with significant management implications would best be approached collectively by a diverse research community. We have identified five specific topic areas of renewed research where new techniques and critical thought could benefit coldwater stream fishes (particularly salmonids): molecular, organism, population/species, community and ecosystem, and policy issues in water quality. Our hope is that information gained through examination of recent research fronts linking knowledge at various scales will prove useful in managing water quality at a basin level to protect fish populations and whole ecosystems. Standards of the past were based largely on incipient lethal and optimum growth rate temperatures for fish species, while future standards should consider all integrated thermal impacts to the organism and ecosystem. ?? Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

McCullough, D.A.; Bartholow, J.M.; Jager, H.I.; Beschta, R.L.; Cheslak, E.F.; Deas, M.L.; Ebersole, J.L.; Foott, J.S.; Johnson, S.L.; Marine, K.R.; Mesa, M.G.; Petersen, J.H.; Souchon, Y.; Tiffan, K.F.; Wurtsbaugh, W.A.

2009-01-01

500

A Question Answering System based on Conceptual Graph Formalism  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper proposes a new text-based question answering system. It models knowledge in documents and questions with conceptual graph formalism (CGF). To prepare knowledge to be modeled, natural language processing is applied to the text using OpenNLP, and then syntactic and semantic information is realized using VerbNet and WordNet. We handle different types of questions, especially questions constructed with wh- pronouns, and questions constructed with "how", and we propose a model to represent them in CGF so that their target is realized and marked. Each question's type has different conceptual graph (CG) representations; thus, for each question, many CGs are generated using formulas. Some of these formulas are introduced here. The projection operator is used to compare a question's CG to a sentence's CG, and then the exact answer is extracted from the part of the sentence's CG that has been projected under the question target's concept.

Salloum, Wael

2009-11-01