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1

Measuring motivational gravity: Likert or scenario scaling?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite a growing body of findings that individualistic achievers incur punitive social costs in the workplaces of collectivistic and equalitarian cultures, little attention has so far been paid to measuring such motivational gravity in psychometrically appropriate ways. From egalitarian Australia, reports psychometric data from two organizational surveys, evaluating the 20-item “Tall Poppy Scale” (TPS), a Likert instrument which measures attitudes

Stuart C. Carr; Vanessa Powell; Maria Knezovic; Don Munro; Malcolm MacLachlan

1996-01-01

2

A New Likert Scale Based on Fuzzy Sets Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In social science research, the Likert method is commonly used as a psychometric scale to measure responses. This measurement scale has a procedure that facilitates survey construction and administration, and data coding and analysis. However, there are some problems with Likert scaling. This dissertation addresses the information distortion and…

Li, Cheryl Qing

2010-01-01

3

Ten Common Misunderstandings, Misconceptions, Persistent Myths and Urban Legends about Likert Scales and Likert Response Formats and their Antidotes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: A recent article by Jamieson in Medical Education outlined some of the (alleged) abuses of “Likert scales” with ,suggestions ,about how ,researchers can ,overcome ,some ,of the ,(alleged) methodological pitfalls and limitations,. However, many of the ideas advanced in the Jamison article, aswell as a great many of articles it cited, and similar recent articles in medical, health, psychology,

James Carifio; Rocco J. Perla

2007-01-01

4

Psychological Distance between Categories in the Likert Scale: Comparing Different Numbers of Options  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined whether the number of options in the Likert scale influences the psychological distance between categories. The most important assumption when using the Likert scale is that the psychological distance between options is equal. The authors proposed a new algorithm for calculating the scale values of options by applying item…

Wakita, Takafumi; Ueshima, Natsumi; Noguchi, Hiroyuki

2012-01-01

5

Analyzing Likert Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides information for Extension professionals on the correct analysis of Likert data. The analyses of Likert-type and Likert scale data require unique data analysis procedures, and as a result, misuses and/or mistakes often occur. This article discusses the differences between Likert-type and Likert scale data and provides…

Boone, Harry N., Jr.; Boone, Deborah A.

2012-01-01

6

The RAM Scale: Development and Validation of the Revised Scale in Likert Format.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development and validation of a revised form of the RAM Scale in Likert format are described. The RAM Scale measures student philosophical orientations in terms of relative, absolute, or mixed biases or preferences toward issues of knowledge, methods, and values. (Author/PN)

Wright, Claudia R.; And Others

1983-01-01

7

An Exact Probability Test for Use with Likert-Type Scales  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, an exact test for use with certain types of Likert scale is presented. The test may be used on the assumption that the points of the scale are equally-spaced, that subjects respond independently of each other, and that each point of the scale has an equal likelihood of response for each subject. A table of critical values

Martin Cooper

1976-01-01

8

An Exact Probability Test for Use with Likert-Type Scales  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An exact probability test for use with certain Likert-type scales is presented. The procedure assumes equally-spaced points, independence of subjects' responses, and that each point has an equal likelihood of response for each subject. Tables for critical values are presented. (Author/JKS)

Cooper, Martin

1976-01-01

9

Attitudes of heterosexuals toward homosexuality: A Likert?type scale and construct validity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports on three phases of the development of a Likert?type scale measuring heterosexual attitudes toward homosexuality. Phase 1 describes the development of the scale. Item analysis yielded 20 statements with item?total correlations ranging from .57 to .74. In Phase 2 the 20?item Heterosexual Attitudes Toward Homosexuality (HATH) Scale was administered to 82 subjects. Analysis yielded a corrected split?half

Knud S. Larsen; Michael Reed; Susan Hoffman

1980-01-01

10

Measuring the Mathematical Attitudes of Elementary Students: The Effects of a 4-Point or 5-Point Likert-Type Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to compare how students in Grades 3 to 6 respond to a mathematics attitudes instrument with a 4-point Likert-type scale compared with one with an additional neutral point (a 5-point Likert-type scale). The 606 participating students from six elementary and middle schools randomly received either the 4-point or 5-point…

Adelson, Jill L.; McCoach, D. Betsy

2010-01-01

11

Four layouts and a finding: the effects of changes in the order of the verbal labels and numerical values on Likert?type scales  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are numerous ways of displaying Likert?type scales but only a few investigators have investigated these differences systematically. In this study we report the results that we found when we compared four different layouts: scales that went numerically from ‘0’ to ‘10’, or from ‘10’ to ‘0’, and scales that went verbally from ‘clear’ to ‘unclear’, or ‘unclear’ to ‘clear’.

James Hartley; Lucy R. Betts

2010-01-01

12

Scaling question answering to the Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

The wealth of information on the web makes it an attractive resource for seeking quick answers to simple, factual questions such as "e;who was the first American in space?"e; or "e;what is the second tallest mountain in the world?"e; Yet today's most advanced web search services (e.g., Google and AskJeeves) make it surprisingly tedious to locate answers to such questions.

Cody C. T. Kwok; Oren Etzioni; Daniel S. Weld

2001-01-01

13

A Question of Scale: Quarks to Quasars  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site consists of a series of pages, each depicting and describing an object(s) on a different order of magnitude. There are 42 pages of this in all, for 42 powers of ten, starting with quarks (10^-14 meters) and ending with 'near the limit of our knowledge' (10^25 meters). The pictures 'zoom out,' with the quarks being part of a proton being part of a nucleus, and so on. There are short descriptions for each of the physics-related objects (i.e. quarks, atoms, clusters) and some of the locations, as well as links to more extensive descriptions. Also included is a page on units and scales.

Bryson, Bruce

2004-07-17

14

Estimating Ordinal Reliability for Likert-Type and Ordinal Item Response Data: A Conceptual, Empirical, and Practical Guide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a conceptual, empirical, and practical guide for estimating ordinal reliability coefficients for ordinal item response data (also referred to as Likert, Likert-type, ordered categorical, or rating scale item responses). Conventionally, reliability coefficients, such as Cronbach's alpha, are calculated using a Pearson…

Gadermann, Anne M.; Guhn, Martin; Zumbo, Bruno D.

2012-01-01

15

A Two-Decision Model for Responses to Likert-Type Items  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Extreme response set, the tendency to prefer the lowest or highest response option when confronted with a Likert-type response scale, can lead to misfit of item response models such as the generalized partial credit model. Recently, a series of intrinsically multidimensional item response models have been hypothesized, wherein tendency toward…

Thissen-Roe, Anne; Thissen, David

2013-01-01

16

Likert Scales, Levels of Measurement and the "Laws" of Statistics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviewers of research reports frequently criticize the choice of statistical methods. While some of these criticisms are well-founded, frequently the use of various parametric methods such as analysis of variance, regression, correlation are faulted because: (a) the sample size is too small, (b) the data may not be normally distributed, or (c) The…

Norman, Geoff

2010-01-01

17

Quantitative Analysis of Scale of Aeromagnetic Data Raises Questions About Geologic-Map Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

   A recently published study has shown that small-scale geologic map data can reproduce mineral assessments made with considerably\\u000a larger scale data. This result contradicts conventional wisdom about the importance of scale in mineral exploration, at least\\u000a for regional studies. In order to formally investigate aspects of scale, a weights-of-evidence analysis using known gold occurrences\\u000a and deposits in the Central Lapland

Vesa Nykänen; Gary L. Raines

2006-01-01

18

Comparative Validity of the Likert and Thurstone Approaches to Attitude Measurement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Graded or binary disagree-agree responses to attitude statements are often collected for the purpose of attitude measurement. The empirical characteristics of these responses will generally be inconsistent with the analytical logic that forms the basis of the Likert attitude measurement technique (R. Likert, 1932). As a consequence, the Likert

Roberts, James S.; And Others

19

Questions, Answers and Clarifications Commercial Scale Advanced Biofuels Production Facilities Solicitation  

E-print Network

Questions, Answers and Clarifications Commercial Scale Advanced Biofuels Production Facilities biofuels production facility? A.1 An existing biofuels facility is an existing facility that, as of the application due date of PON-13-601, produces (or did produce) biofuels in California. Q.2 Must an eligible

20

Library Anxiety of Law Students: A Study Utilizing the Multidimensional Library Anxiety Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine whether law students experienced library anxiety and, if so, which components contributed to that anxiety. The Multidimensional Library Anxiety Scale (MLAS) developed by Dr. Doris Van Kampen was used to assess library anxiety levels of law students. The MLAS is a 53 question Likert scale instrument that…

Bowers, Stacey L.

2010-01-01

21

Five-Point Likert Items: t Test versus Mann-Whitney-Wilcoxon  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Likert questionnaires are widely used in survey research, but it is unclear whether the item data should be investigated by means of parametric or nonparametric procedures. This study compared the Type I and II error rates of the "t" test versus the Mann-Whitney-Wilcoxon (MWW) for five-point Likert items. Fourteen population distributions were…

de Winter, Joost C. F.; Dodou, Dimitra

2010-01-01

22

A mixed-binomial model for Likert-type personality measures  

PubMed Central

Personality measurement is based on the idea that values on an unobservable latent variable determine the distribution of answers on a manifest response scale. Typically, it is assumed in the Item Response Theory (IRT) that latent variables are related to the observed responses through continuous normal or logistic functions, determining the probability with which one of the ordered response alternatives on a Likert-scale item is chosen. Based on an analysis of 1731 self- and other-rated responses on the 240 NEO PI-3 questionnaire items, it was proposed that a viable alternative is a finite number of latent events which are related to manifest responses through a binomial function which has only one parameter—the probability with which a given statement is approved. For the majority of items, the best fit was obtained with a mixed-binomial distribution, which assumes two different subpopulations who endorse items with two different probabilities. It was shown that the fit of the binomial IRT model can be improved by assuming that about 10% of random noise is contained in the answers and by taking into account response biases toward one of the response categories. It was concluded that the binomial response model for the measurement of personality traits may be a workable alternative to the more habitual normal and logistic IRT models. PMID:24847291

Allik, Juri

2014-01-01

23

The Circadian Energy Scale (CIRENS): two simple questions for a reliable chronotype measurement based on energy.  

PubMed

This study presents the Circadian Energy Scale (CIRENS), a very short and simple chronotype measurement tool based on energy. The CIRENS consists of two introspective questions about the usual energy level (very low, low, moderate, high, or very high, scored 1 to 5) in the morning and in the evening. The difference between energy level scores (-4 to 4) felt by respondents in the evening and morning defines the chronotype score and classification. A concurrent validity analysis of the CIRENS with the widely used Horne and Östberg Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire (MEQ) was conducted using a sample of 225 college students, and with MSFsc, a sleep-based chronotype assessment tool based on the Munich Chronotype Questionnaire (MCTQ), using a sample of 34,530 subjects (18-83 yrs, 27% males). This large sample was collected in a Web survey for behavioral correlates of the CIRENS with variables previously associated with chronotype differences. The correlation of the CIRENS chronotype score was r?=?-.70 with the MEQ and r?=?.32 with the MSFsc. CIRENS chronotype scores declined with age and were not affected by sex. Both CIRENS and MSFsc chronotype scores were related to differences in tobacco, caffeine, and cola soft-drink consumption (all higher in evening types). The CIRENS provides a simple chronotype index and a measure of absolute energy throughout the day and seems to be a reliable chronotype assessment tool that may be useful both clinically and for large-scale studies. PMID:21452918

Ottoni, Gustavo L; Antoniolli, Eduardo; Lara, Diogo R

2011-04-01

24

Relationships between rating scales, question stem wording, and community responses to railway noise  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two series of social surveys on community responses to railway noise were carried out in Japan to evaluate the relationships between two verbal scales and a numeric scale, and those among four base descriptors. In the first survey, two types of questionnaires were prepared in which a 0–10- point numeric scale was used in combination with either a four-point or

Tetsumi Sato; Takashi Yano; Takashi Morihara; Kirk Masden

2004-01-01

25

Appropriate Statistical Analysis for Two Independent Groups of Likert-Type Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this research was to determine the robustness and statistical power of three different methods for testing the hypothesis that ordinal samples of five and seven Likert categories come from equal populations. The three methods are the two sample t-test with equal variances, the Mann-Whitney test, and the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. In…

Warachan, Boonyasit

2011-01-01

26

Agreement or Disagreement of a Set of Likert-Type Ratings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes an exact small sample test, and provides a table of critical values for an approximate large sample test, to determine if a sample of Likert-Type ratings indicates significant agreement or disagreement in a population of such ratings. (Author)

Hsu, Louis

1979-01-01

27

Comparison among antiretroviral adherence questions  

PubMed Central

Our objective was to compare antiretroviral adherence questions. Among 53 methadone maintained HIV-infected drug users, we compared five measures, including two single item measures using qualitative Likert-type responses, one measure of percent adherence, one visual analog scale, and one measure that averaged responses across antiretrovirals. Responses were termed inconsistent if respondents endorsed the highest adherence level on at least one measure but middle levels on others. We examined ceiling effects, concordance, and correlations with VL. Response distributions differed markedly between measures. A ceiling effect was less pronounced for the single-item measures than for the measure that averaged responses for each antiretroviral: the proportion with 100% adherence varied from 22% (single item measure) to 58% (multi-item measure). Overall agreement between measures ranged from fair to good; 49% of participants had inconsistent responses. Though responses correlated with VL, single-item measures had higher correlations. Future studies should compare single-item questions to objective measures. PMID:21181252

Berg, Karina M.; Wilson, Ira B.; Li, Xuan; Arnsten, Julia H.

2013-01-01

28

What's wrong with cross-cultural comparisons of subjective Likert scales?: The reference-group effect  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social comparison theory maintains that people think about themselves compared with similar others. Those in one culture, then, compare themselves with different others and standards than do those in another culture, thus potentially confounding cross-cultural comparisons. A pilot study and Study 1 demonstrated the problematic nature of this reference-group effect: Whereas cultural experts agreed that East Asians are more collectivistic

Steven J. Heine; Darrin R. Lehman; Kaiping Peng; Joe Greenholtz

2002-01-01

29

Questioning the Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Historical accounts of questioning used in the education process trace back to Socrates. One of the best examples of his use of questioning is found in Plato's "The Republic." Socrates used a series of strategic questions to help his student Glaucon come to understand the concept of justice. Socrates purposefully posed a series of questions to…

Tienken, Christopher H.; Goldberg, Stephanie; DiRocco, Dominic

2010-01-01

30

Questioning the Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Well-known historical accounts of questioning used in the education process trace back to Socrates. One of the best examples of his use of questioning is found in Plato's classic work "The Republic" (2003). Today, teachers still use questions as one way to help students develop productive thinking skills and to understand concepts and topics.…

Tienken, Christopher H.; Goldberg, Stephanie; DiRocco, Dominic

2009-01-01

31

question_1296837100 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

While the causal mechanisms that link excess body weight to increased risk for certain cancers are largely unknown (as noted in other questions), we pose an associated question -- what are the causal mechanisms that link excess body weight to decreased risk of certain other cancers?

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Cancer.gov

Provocative Questions Skip to content. | Skip to navigation Personal tools Sign Up Log in Sections Home Home Current RFAs and PQs Cancer Prevention and Risk Mechanisms of Tumor Development or Recurrence Tumor Detection, Diagnosis, and Prognosis Cancer

82

question_1297384627 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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83

question_1410844360 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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84

question_1296786566 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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85

question_1299510834 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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86

question_1296849841 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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87

question_1410954604 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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88

question_1410954609 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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89

question_1309291860 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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90

question_1309291793 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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91

question_1298674892 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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92

question_1410865099 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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93

question_1411474796 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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94

question_1409748730 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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95

question_1409740665 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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96

question_1297423727 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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97

question_1301530459 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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98

question_1296825839 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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99

question_1299172071 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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100

question_1308171779 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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101

question_1302099820 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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102

question_1411079495 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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103

question_1298409202 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

Provocative Questions Skip to content. | Skip to navigation Personal tools Sign Up Log in Sections Home Home Current RFAs and PQs Cancer Prevention and Risk Mechanisms of Tumor Development or Recurrence Tumor Detection, Diagnosis, and Prognosis Cancer

104

question_1297424940 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

Provocative Questions Skip to content. | Skip to navigation Personal tools Sign Up Log in Sections Home Home Current RFAs and PQs Cancer Prevention and Risk Mechanisms of Tumor Development or Recurrence Tumor Detection, Diagnosis, and Prognosis Cancer

105

question_1329194782 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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106

question_1407902564 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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107

question_1296157694 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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108

question_1296513894 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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109

question_1309291494 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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110

question_1408342453 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

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111

question_1410159378 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

Looking at cell to cell differences within a tumor bed, contributed by either DNA mutations, epigenetic or post-translational modifications (PTM) or miRNA mediated control switches or even a combination of all these, the question rise how to best design a personalized drug trial?

112

question_1411473029 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

Gemcitabine is a widely used drug for pancreatic cancer therapy, but due to poor prognosis this drug is now in question. Cells resistance to gemcitabine activates EMT in the background, but the drug itself is a potential replication blocker and activates apoptosis, then why gemcitabine induced apoptosis activates a kind of fleeting mechanism (EMT) to get protection from apoptotic threat?

113

question_1296796037 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

If this important question is answered we would be able to develop a highly tailored therapeutic approach for cancers. Actually, inflammatory type of the anti-tumor immune response such as IFN-g can also induce initial tumor inhibition but eventual tumor escape and progression.

114

If you have questions about how to start a small scale food business, then please attend the: Food Entrepreneurs' Network Food Business Basics Seminar  

E-print Network

manufacturing Food Safety and Regulation Food Liability Insurance One-on-One Consultation: Registration includesIf you have questions about how to start a small scale food business, then please attend the: Food Entrepreneurs' Network Food Business Basics Seminar Date: Wednesday October 9, 2013 Time:10:00AM - 3:00PM (Lunch

Garfunkel, Eric

115

If you have questions about how to start a small scale food business, then please attend the: Food Entrepreneurs' Network Food Business Basics Seminar  

E-print Network

manufacturing Food Safety and Regulation Food Liability Insurance One-on-One Consultation: Registration includesIf you have questions about how to start a small scale food business, then please attend the: Food Entrepreneurs' Network Food Business Basics Seminar Date: Wednesday January 29, 2014 Time:10:00AM - 3:00PM

Garfunkel, Eric

116

If you have questions about how to start a small scale food business, then please attend the: Food Entrepreneurs' Network Food Business Basics Seminar  

E-print Network

manufacturing Food Safety and Regulation Food Liability Insurance One-on-One Consultation: Registration includesIf you have questions about how to start a small scale food business, then please attend the: Food Entrepreneurs' Network Food Business Basics Seminar Date: Wednesday May 8, 2013 Time:10:00AM - 2:30PM (Lunch

Garfunkel, Eric

117

If you have questions about how to start a small scale food business, then please attend the: Food Entrepreneurs' Network Food Business Basics Seminar  

E-print Network

manufacturing Food Safety and Regulation Food Liability Insurance One-on-One Consultation: Registration includesIf you have questions about how to start a small scale food business, then please attend the: Food Entrepreneurs' Network Food Business Basics Seminar Date: Wednesday July 24, 2013 Time:10:00AM - 3:00PM (Lunch

118

The relative influence of leading questions and negative feedback on response change on the Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scale (2): implications for forensic interviewing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ‘Shift’ or response change measure of the Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scales (GSS 1 and 2) is assumed primarily to indicate acceptance of the negative feedback component of the GSS procedure. Using an adapted version of the question set that bears on the GSS 2 narrative, this study systematically varied the pressurising influences of the GSS 2 specifically to test this

James Baxter; Kathy Charles; Michelle Martin; Allan McGroarty

2012-01-01

119

An Evaluation of Functional Variables Affecting Severe Problem Behaviors in Adults with Mental Retardation by Using the Questions about Behavioral Function Scale (QABF).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study used the Questions about Behavior Function Scale to examine the functions of five severe problem behaviors (self-injurious behavior, aggression, stereotypies, pica, and rumination) in 417 institutionalized persons with mental retardation. The most common function for all behaviors except aggression was nonsocial. Aggression was maintained…

Applegate, Heather; Matson, Johnny L.; Cherry, Katie E.

1999-01-01

120

question_1332002134 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

Sequencing of natural human tumors is teaching us invaluable lessons. It is becoming clear that the new dogmas created in the post genome era are being questioned. The previously suspected genetic heterogeneity of tumors is now proven on the sequence level. The extreme genetic heterogeneity of individual tumors and the existence of multiple tumors (not metastases) pose fundamental doubt on the prevailing dogma of targeted drug(s) and personalized treatments.

121

Evidence for an oblique social intelligence factor established with a Likert-based testing procedure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many aptitude scales measure general or academic knowledge with a format in which answers are scored as either correct or incorrect. In contrast to traditional scoring procedures, quantifying performance on scales that measure interpersonal knowledge, as well as knowledge of other ambiguous relationships, requires the opinions of multiple experts, and individual responses cannot be easily or unambiguously evaluated. Given this

Peter J. Legree

1995-01-01

122

Longitudinal Measurement Invariance of Likert-Type Learning Strategy Scales: Are We Using the Same Ruler at Each Wave?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whether or not learning strategies change during the course of higher education is an important topic in the Student Approaches to Learning field. However, there is a dearth of any empirical evaluations in the literature as to whether or not the instruments in this research domain measure equivalently over time. Therefore, this study details the…

Coertjens, Liesje; Donche, Vincent; De Maeyer, Sven; Vanthournout, Gert; Van Petegem, Peter

2012-01-01

123

A Mathematical Approach in Evaluating Biotechnology Attitude Scale: Rough Set Data Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Individuals' thoughts and attitudes towards biotechnology have been investigated in many countries. A Likert-type scale is the most commonly used scale to measure attitude. However, the weak side of a likert-type scale is that different responses may produce the same score. The Rough set method has been regarded to address this shortcoming. A…

Narli, Serkan; Sinan, Olcay

2011-01-01

124

Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

NCI’s Provocative Questions Project seeks to go beyond the questions that are self-evident or that have been studied for many years. NCI asked investigators to propose intriguing questions that need attention or have stumped us in the past.

125

Questioning Strategies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this brief article from the Charles A. Dana Center at the University of Texas at Austin the best practices of questioning strategies are explained. The author illustrates the difference between an open and a closed question and provides examples of the five categories of questions that teachers should be asking. A bibliography of additional resources is included for further study.

2012-01-01

126

About Provocative Questions — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

The provocative questions initiative has assembled a list of 24 important questions from the research community to stimulate the NCI’s research communities to use laboratory, clinical and populations sciences in especially effective and imaginative ways to answer the questions. The questions are not simple restatements of long-term goals of the National Cancer Program, which are to improve the prevention, detection, diagnosis, and treatment of all forms of cancer.

127

Proposed Provocative Questions — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

View all of the questions that have been submitted and see how they have been evaluated by peers. Submit your own evaluation of a submitted question, or leave a comment about a question (commenting requires log in or creation of your own PQ account).

128

Essential Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The secret to teaching may be as simple as asking students good questions--and then giving them the opportunity to find the answers. The author shares how he uses essential questions that set the class off on an inquiry. Rather than consuming information that he distributes and then repeating it on a test, students carry out their own…

Wilhelm, Jeffrey D.

2012-01-01

129

Curiosity Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Have you ever found yourself lecturing a child, with the best of intentions, in an attempt to help him or her learn a lesson or process a situation in a manner that you feel will be productive? Curiosity questions, which the authors also call What and How questions, help children process an experience, event, or natural consequence so that they…

Nelsen, Jane; DeLorenzo, Chip

2010-01-01

130

Question Mars  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson about generating hypotheses and testable questions. Learners will use critical thinking and a collaborative approach to pose questions related to the study of Mars and evaluate the quality of their questions. They will explore remote-sensing data collected by a camera orbiting Mars - the Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) and develop a team science question. Students will practice critical thinking skills, use a collaborative approach to this first critical step of the scientific process. Exploring the images of the surface of Mars in Visible (VIS) images, students will come up with a topic of study, their team science question and hypotheses. The lesson models scientific inquiry using the 5E instructional model and includes teacher notes and vocabulary.

131

The Teacher Burnout Scale.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 21-item Likert scale to measure teachers' burnout was developed. Factor analysis supported its validity and determined its four subscales: (1) Career Satisfaction; (2) Perceived Administrative Support; (3) Coping with Job-Related Stress; and (4) Attitudes towards Students. Additional analyses indicated good reliability and validity. (Items are…

Seidman, Steven A.; Zager, Joanne

1987-01-01

132

Tough Questions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One professor of education's solution to the shortage of qualified urban teachers is an urban teacher selection interview that predicts would-be teachers' professional potential in the classroom. It involves relentless questioning by interviewers who test the interviewees' persistence in handling tough problems then rate their potential as…

Gursky, Daniel

1992-01-01

133

Questionable Exercises.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents general guidelines for exercise prescription that have an anatomical basis but also consider the exerciser's ability to do the exercise correctly. It reviews various common questionable exercises, explaining how some exercises, especially those designed for flexibility and muscle fitness, can cause harm. Safer…

Liemohn, Wendell; Haydu, Traci; Phillips, Dawn

1999-01-01

134

Two Scales of Attitude Toward Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two short Likert-type attitude scales were constructed to measure enjoyment of mathematics and the value of mathematics. Both scales were administered to 185 college freshmen. Reliability of the E Scale was found to be .95, while that of the V Scale was .85. Correlations with biographical data are given. (LS)

Aiken, Lewis R.

1974-01-01

135

Circular questioning.  

PubMed

The plan of this paper is to explore the question: Does a model that includes the principles of double description, circularity, and coevolutionary change, all accounting for shifts in family coalitions over time and the emergence of problems in connection with these shifts, allow the family therapist to design better methods for the understanding and practice of family therapy? Concepts of double description, coevolution, and circularity from Gregory Bateson's writing and the research of other scientists describe the translation of these ideas from pure epistemology to the pragmatics of family therapy. Circular questioning developed by the Milan Associates is presented as a practice method exemplifying how these notions of circularity and coevolutionary change--especially changes in family patterns--are used during actual family sessions. PMID:7128764

Penn, P

1982-09-01

136

Lifestyle Alternatives: Development and Evaluation of an Attitude Scale.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the construction and testing of an instrument to assess attitudes toward voluntary simplicity of lifestyle. The scale consists of 120 Likert items concerning such behaviors as recycling, home production of goods, conservation of resources, and sharing of skills. (SK)

Pestle, Ruth E.; And Others

1982-01-01

137

Insights and questions raised from a multi-tracer plot-scale sprinkler experiment with time-lapse 3D GPR in a structured forested soil.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Stable isotopes appear as ideal tracer commonly applied in preferential flow analyses. At the same time, central assumptions about signature mixing and propagation are founded on effective parameters merging advective and diffusive flow domains. However, in structured soils conditions are often far from well-mixed and some established assumptions may need to be reconsidered. We conducted a multi-tracer sprinkler experiment at a forested hillslope in the Attert Basin in Luxembourg with prevailing geogenic and biogenic preferential flow structures. At plot scale of 1x1 m2 we sprinkled two plots with 50 mm and one plot with 30 mm Brilliant Blue and Bromide enriched water for 1 hour. The experiments were accompanied by a high resolution 3D time-lapse GPR (Ground-Penetrating Radar) survey scanning 3x3 m2 before, directly after sprinkling and before excavation one day after sprinkling. Soil moisture was monitored with a TDR tube probe. Soil profiles were excavated and recorded for dye flow paths and for one medium resolution Bromide profile. In addition one core for pore water stable isotope analysis was taken before the sprinkling as reference and at each plot after sprinkling. We present the results with focus on the found evidence of preferential flow and the signals of the different tracers - especially the stable isotopes. While all other methods clearly show that only minor proportions of the soil took part in the infiltration process and that the sprinkler water has largely advectively propagated to the saprolite layer at about 80-100 cm depth, the stable isotopes signals from the cores indicate more intense interaction between the soil matrix and macropores, especially in the top 50 cm. This leads to the question of how the isotope signal could mix well, when most of the pore-water did not directly interact with the infiltration-water. Further questions arise to the use of tracers in general, due to the known limitations of excavation itself and rather coarse sampling with sizes 1-2 orders of magnitude larger than most preferential flow structures - thus blurring the signal. Moreover, considerable uncertainty arises where intense staining may be due to slow water movement or large quantities of infiltrated water. Here time-lapse GPR provides promising insights identifying patterns and states. Moreover, we will discuss whether the use of multiple tracers instead of just one leads to additional information and better understanding of subsurface processes.

Jackisch, Conrad; Sprenger, Matthias; Allroggen, Niklas; van Schaik, Loes; Weiler, Markus; Zehe, Erwin

2014-05-01

138

Some Questions About Neurocognitive  

E-print Network

Some Questions About Neurocognitive Networks Steven Bressler Center for Complex Systems & Brain is a Brain Network? · A brain network is a large-scale system in the brain consisting of distributed neuronal ­ Dynamic Interdependency #12;Does The Brain Need Networks? · Serial processing, as found in the PNS, is too

Bressler, Steven L.

139

Questions Submitted Online — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

Sequencing of natural human tumors is teaching us invaluable lessons. It is becoming clear that the new dogmas created in the post genome era are being questioned. The previously suspected genetic heterogeneity of tumors is now proven on the sequence level. The extreme genetic heterogeneity of individual tumors and the existence of multiple tumors (not metastases) pose fundamental doubt on the prevailing dogma of targeted drug(s) and personalized treatments.

140

Cross-cultural adaptation and patients' judgments of a Question Prompt List for Italian-speaking cancer patients  

PubMed Central

Background Question Prompt Lists (QPLs) have proven very effective in encouraging cancer patients to ask questions, allowing them to take up a more active role during visits with the oncologist. As no such tool has yet been validated for Italian-speaking users, we carried out the cross-cultural adaptation and evaluation of an existing Australian Question Prompt List. Methods Cross-cultural adaptation was performed in accordance with the five steps described by Guillemin and Beaton. Forward and back translations of the original tool were carried out, and the products discussed by an Expert Committee who agreed on a prefinal version of the Italian QPL, which was submitted to 30 volunteer patients for evaluation. They rated each question's adequacy of content, clarity of wording, usefulness, and generated anxiety, on a 3-point Likert scale. Based on the analysis of patient ratings, the final version of the Italian QPL was produced. Results Few discrepancies between the two back translations and the original version of the instrument were noted, indicating that the Italian translation (synthesis of the 2 forward translations) was substantially accurate. Most volunteer patients felt that the questionnaire was adequate, easy to understand and useful. Only a few minor criticisms were expressed. Certain questions on diagnosis and prognosis generated the highest level of anxiety. Patient comments and ratings on clarity highlighted the need to clarify common health care terms which are not widely used by the public (i.e. guideline, multidisciplinary team and clinical trial) Conclusions This cross-cultural adaptation has produced an Italian Question Prompt List that is now available for multi-center international studies and can be safely used with Italian-speaking cancer patients. PMID:20078873

2010-01-01

141

Designing the Nuclear Energy Attitude Scale.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a refined method for designing a valid and reliable Likert-type scale to test attitudes toward the generation of electricity from nuclear energy. Discusses various tests of validity that were used on the nuclear energy scale. Reports results of administration and concludes that the test is both reliable and valid. (CW)

Calhoun, Lawrence; And Others

1988-01-01

142

CRCHD - Research Questions  

Cancer.gov

CRCHD - Research Questions  Back to CRCHD Ongoing Research PNP Project Listing Patient Navigation Research Program (PNRP) Research Questions Patient Navigation Research Program (PNRP) Overview Research Questions

143

Further Empirical Results on Parametric Versus Non-Parametric IRT Modeling of Likert-Type Personality Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chernyshenko, Stark, Chan, Drasgow, and Williams (2001) investigated the fit of Samejima's logistic graded model and Levine's non-parametric MFS model to the scales of two personality questionnaires and found that the graded model did not fit well. We attribute the poor fit of the graded model to small amounts of multidimensionality present in…

Maydeu-Olivares, Albert

2005-01-01

144

Cosmic questions: an introduction.  

PubMed

This introductory talk at the Cosmic Questions conference sponsored by the AAAS summarizes some earlier pictures of the universe and some pictures based on modern physics and cosmology. The uroboros (snake swallowing its tail) is an example of a traditional picture. The Biblical flat-earth picture was very different from the Greek spherical earth-centered picture, which was the standard view until the end of the Middle Ages. Many people incorrectly assume that the Newtonian picture of stars scattered through otherwise empty space is still the prevailing view. Seeing Earth from space shows the power of a new picture. The Hubble Space Telescope can see all the bright galaxies, all the way to the cosmic Dark Ages. We are at the center of cosmic spheres of time: looking outward is looking backward in time. All the matter and energy in the universe can be represented as a cosmic density pyramid. The laws of physics only allow the material objects in the universe to occupy a wedge-shaped region on a diagram of mass versus size. All sizes--from the smallest size scale, the Planck scale, to the entire visible universe--can be represented on the Cosmic Uroboros. There are interesting connections across this diagram, and the human scale lies in the middle. PMID:11797741

Primack, J R; Abrams, N E

2001-12-01

145

Posing Einstein's Question: Questioning Einstein's Pose.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the events surrounding a famous picture of Albert Einstein in which he poses near a blackboard containing a tensor form of his 10 field equations for pure gravity with a question mark after it. Speculates as to the content of Einstein's lecture and the questions he might have had about the equation. (Contains over 30 references.) (WRM)

Topper, David; Vincent, Dwight E.

2000-01-01

146

Frequently Asked Questions: Questions About Paleontology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site asks and answers questions about paleontology, fossils and dinosaurs. Paleontology questions are: What is paleontology? How does paleontology differ from anthropology and archaeology? What are the practical uses of paleontology? How do paleontologists know how old their fossils are? What training is necessary to become a paleontologist? What organizations exist for paleontologists?

2007-01-01

147

The Role of Reading Comprehension in Responses to Positively and Negatively Worded Items on Rating Scales  

Microsoft Academic Search

Should instruments, such as Likert-type scales, contain both positively worded and negatively worded items within the same scale (i.e. mixed format)? Recent evidence suggests that the use of scales with a mixed format can adversely affect the psychometric properties of scales. In particular, the mean item response to the positively worded items has been found to be statistically and practically

Gail H. Weems; Anthony J. Onwuegbuzie; Kathleen M. T. Collins

2006-01-01

148

Drawing on Questions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines observations and research on question-answer interaction between client and therapist, and teacher and student. Discusses Patton's six-question instrument which provides categories of question options, with application for the art therapist. Argues that effective formulation of questions provides the clinician, educator, and researcher…

Bloomgarden, Joan

2000-01-01

149

Question the Author  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web page describes the comprehension strategy of Question the Author (QtA), a strategy in which students pose questions while reading nonfiction text. Students pose questions about the author's purpose in including certain phrases or forms of information while reading. Sample questions are provided in a three-step instructional sequence. References are included.

2012-01-01

150

Any Questions, Please?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pamphlet discusses the use of questioning in the college classroom and its contribution to learning. Starting with a brief examination of the ways children question, discussions cover: (1) the effects of linguistic and socio-linguistic characteristics in questioning; (2) questions in psychotherapy, law, and opinion polling; (3) classroom…

Pollio, Howard R.

1989-01-01

151

Development of a Scale to Measure Consumer Skepticism Toward Advertising  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 9-item Likert-type scale was developed to measure consumer skepticism toward advertising Skepticism toward advertising, defined as the general tendency toward disbelief of advertising claims, was hypothesized to be a basic marketplace belief that vanes across individuals and is related to general persuasability. A nomological network was proposed, unidimensionality and internal consistency of the scale were established, and a series

Carl Obermiller; Eric R. Spangenberg

1998-01-01

152

Scales  

ScienceCinema

Musical scales involve notes that, sounded simultaneously (chords), sound good together. The result is the left brain meeting the right brain ? a Pythagorean interval of overlapping notes. This synergy would suggest less difference between the working of the right brain and the left brain than common wisdom would dictate. The pleasing sound of harmony comes when two notes share a common harmonic, meaning that their frequencies are in simple integer ratios, such as 3/2 (G/C) or 5/4 (E/C).

Murray Gibson

2010-01-08

153

Factor Analysis of the Omega Scale: A Scale Designed To Measure the Attitudes of College Students toward Their Own Deaths and the Disposition of Their Bodies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was undertaken to provide a factor analysis of the Omega Scale, a 25-item, Likert-type scale developed in 1984 to assess attitudes toward death and funerals and other body disposition practices. The Omega Scale was administered to 250 students enrolled in introductory psychology classes at two higher education institutions in Alabama.…

Staik, Irene M.

154

Hydrosphere: Questions and Answers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Detailed Example of Using Socratic Questioning in Class Content Area: Hydrosphere Back to Example This sample of plausible questions and responses is designed to help guide the instructor through an entire Socratic ...

155

Community Dialog — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

View all of the questions that have been submitted and see how they have been evaluated by peers. Submit your own evaluation of a submitted question, or leave a comment about a question (commenting requires log in or creation of your own PQ account).

156

Attitudes toward old people: The development of a scale and an examination of correlates  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present paper reports on the development of a Likert scale for assessing attitudes toward old people and discusses empirical relations found between such attitudes and other attitudinal and personality variables. Three samples of college undergraduates served as subjects  a scale containing items making unfavorable reference to old people and a scale containing matched favorably worded items [were constructed]  no

N. Kogan

1961-01-01

157

Attitude toward Evangelism: Scale Development and Validity  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the item-selection phase of a two-part study, 130 undergraduates of both sexes participated in the development of a Likert-type scale measuring attitude toward evangelism. In the reliability and validity phase, 124 undergraduates (55% males, 45% females, with a mean age of 20.65 years) participated. The final scale consisted of 21 items selected by the method of internal consistency. The

Leonard H. Seyfarth; Knud S. Larsen; Kris Lamont; Chris Haasch; Tom Hale; Dierk Haskin

1984-01-01

158

The "Trickster" and the Questionability of Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tricksters represent creativity and ingenuity in ways that are also integral to arts education. Like the tricksters, strong arts programs teach that a question can have many answers and there are multiple ways to interpret what is seen (Eisner, 2002). In this article, the author discusses how she applies lessons learned from the Trickster stories…

Stewart, Connie

2009-01-01

159

Proposed Provocative Questions for the Indian PQ Workshops — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

To stimulate wider participation in the Provocative Questions Initiative, scientists may pose their own Provocative Questions (Indian "Pose a Question" link) on this website or comment on questions submitted online (Indian "Questions Submitted Online" link) from the research community.

160

Unpark Those Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whenever Mr. Henderson's 3rd grade students had a question that he couldn't immediately answer or that seemed off-topic, he asked them to write the question on a sticky note and place it on a poster dubbed the "Parking Lot." His intention was to find time later to answer those questions, but too often, he said, the parking lot…

Ness, Molly

2013-01-01

161

Developing a Scale on the Usage of Learner Control Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to develop a Likert-like scale in order to measure teachers' usage level of learner control strategy. This study was carried out with 219 State primary school teachers who were class teachers, Turkish teachers, English teachers, Mathematics teachers, Science teachers, Social Sciences teachers, Religion and Moral teachers…

Kutlu, M. Oguz

2012-01-01

162

Acquiescent Responding in Balanced Multidimensional Scales and Exploratory Factor Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Personality tests often consist of a set of dichotomous or Likert items. These response formats are known to be susceptible to an agreeing-response bias called acquiescence. The common assumption in balanced scales is that the sum of appropriately reversed responses should be reasonably free of acquiescence. However, inter-item correlation (or…

Lorenzo-Seva, Urbano; Rodriguez-Fornells, Antoni

2006-01-01

163

Problem of Questioning  

ScienceCinema

Le Prof.Leprince-Ringuet, chercheur sur le plan scientifique, artistique et humain, parle de la remise en question des hommes et la remise en question scientifique fondamentale ou exemplaire- plusieurs personnes prennent la parole p.ex Jeanmairet, Adam, Gregory. Le Prof.Gregory clot la soirée en remerciant le Prof.Leprince-Ringuet

None

2011-04-25

164

Essay Questions: Another Look.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Essay questions and the effects of their use on student scores are examined by a teacher through collaborative action research. Collaboration with the teacher's graduate school faculty resulted in refinements to the research question and development of a practical study methodology. During the two years of the study, the teacher taught four…

Saurino, Dan R.

165

1 Great Question  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author presents an ideal question that can take an art teacher and his or her students through all the levels of thought in Bloom's taxonomy--perfect for modeling the think-aloud process: "How many people is the artist inviting into this picture?" This great question always helps the students look beyond the obvious and dig…

Nethery, Carrie

2011-01-01

166

Towards Answering Procedural Questions  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we first present an analysis of pro- cedural question structure. Next, we investigate the structure of procedural texts and of the relevant rhetorical relations of interest for answering ques- tions. We then show how, from a linguistic point of view, questions and procedural text fragments can match in order to produce responses.

Farida Aouladomar

167

Math Questions Worth Asking  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article by Wendy Petti contains an updated version of Bloom's Taxonomy and sample questions that encourage dialogue with students. The article also includes suggestions for teachers about how to create questions that stimulate higher order thinking. Although there are advertisements on this webpage, the content of the freely available article is a valuable resource for teachers.

Petti, Wendy

2010-05-18

168

The Challenge Question  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students are introduced to the "Walk the Line" challenge question. They write journal responses to the question and brainstorm what information they need to answer the question. Ideas are shared with the class (or in pairs and then to the class, if class size is large). Then students read an interview with an engineer to gain a professional perspective on linear data sets and best-fit lines. Students brainstorm for additional ideas and add them to the list. With the teacher's guidance, students organize the ideas into logical categories of needed knowledge.

VU Bioengineering RET Program, School of Engineering,

169

The Driving Question Board  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"It was helpful to keep track of questions we had at the beginning so we knew what we were trying to find out." With these words, a student described the value of using a Driving Question Board (DQB) in a project-based science (PBS) unit. This instructional tool is designed to support inquiry and project-based learning by organizing and focusing students' questions and linking them to content learning goals. The authors have used this tool in both physics and chemistry classes, but it can be used with any subject matter. This article describes the purpose and process of DQB.

Weizman, Ayelet; Fortus, David; Schwartz, Yael

2008-11-01

170

Answering Questions about Unanswered Questions of Stack Overflow  

E-print Network

Answering Questions about Unanswered Questions of Stack Overflow Muhammad Asaduzzaman Ahmed Shah questions has increased significantly in the past two years. Understanding why questions remain unanswered questions from Stack Overflow. We then conduct a qualitative study to categorize unanswered questions, which

Schneider, Kevin A.

171

Lerman, Michael — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

Provocative Questions Skip to content. | Skip to navigation Personal tools Sign Up Log in Sections Home Home Current RFAs and PQs Cancer Prevention and Risk Mechanisms of Tumor Development or Recurrence Tumor Detection, Diagnosis, and Prognosis Cancer

172

Frequently Asked Questions  

Cancer.gov

Frequently Asked Questions Where is the SRK postdoctoral fellowship geographically located?The highly competitive program is for female postdoctoral fellows training in any of the National Cancer Institutes’ intramural research settings.  NCI facilities

173

Hecht, Toby — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

Provocative Questions Skip to content. | Skip to navigation Personal tools Sign Up Log in Sections Home Home Current RFAs and PQs Cancer Prevention and Risk Mechanisms of Tumor Development or Recurrence Tumor Detection, Diagnosis, and Prognosis Cancer

174

Qian, Yong — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

Provocative Questions Skip to content. | Skip to navigation Personal tools Sign Up Log in Sections Home Home Current RFAs and PQs Cancer Prevention and Risk Mechanisms of Tumor Development or Recurrence Tumor Detection, Diagnosis, and Prognosis Cancer

175

Burning Questions About Calories  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Encouraging students to define problems through asking questions about the topic has a positive impact on classroom morale. First, the teacher benefits from increased understanding of students' knowledge and background. Second, because students have ident

Keller, J. D.; Berry, Kimberly A.

2001-04-01

176

Scardino, Peter — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

Excellent question, made more provocative when we realize that the seminal vesicles and Cowper’s gland in the male, tissues adjacent to the prostate and under the same hormonal influences as the prostate, rarely if even harbor malignant tumors.

177

Griguer, Corinne — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

Provocative Questions Skip to content. | Skip to navigation Personal tools Sign Up Log in Sections Home Home Current RFAs and PQs Cancer Prevention and Risk Mechanisms of Tumor Development or Recurrence Tumor Detection, Diagnosis, and Prognosis Cancer

178

Paternostro, Giovanni — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

This question addresses a very important problem but could be slightly modified to be more provocative. For example, can we design combinatorial cancer therapies that use the same strategies as biological combinatorial control?

179

Finn, Olivera — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

An exciting development in this area that would be encouraged by attempting to answer this important question, is the connection between the observations of cancer risk modulation by epidemiologists and immune mechanisms that appear to be involved, described by immunologists.

180

Question All Answers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Council for Advancement and Support of Education's Teacher of the Year John Roth teaches students that conclusions shouldn't come easily, encouraging them to question everything they hear, read, or assume, including what he says. (MSE)

Barre, Nancy

1989-01-01

181

Thesis Statement Research Question  

E-print Network

Topic Background research Brainstorm Thesis Statement Research Question Summative Description an effective research paper is gathering sources that comprehensively address an appropriately focused topic Search library catalogue and databases Detailed Notes Plan Draft Revise Supplementary Research WRITING

Boonstra, Rudy

182

Provocative Questions Workshop  

Cancer.gov

Provocative Questions Workshop August 2, 2011 UCLA Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center Los Angeles, California Final Participant List Chair Edward Harlow, Ph.D Chair Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology Harvard Medical

183

Cho, Hearn — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

This is an important question - many cancers such as multiple myeloma are characterized by genomic instability, with new cytogenetic abnormalities, deletions or mutations, and other genetic changes detected as disease progresses.

184

Finn, Olivera — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

Provocative Questions Skip to content. | Skip to navigation Personal tools Sign Up Log in Sections Home Home Current RFAs and PQs Cancer Prevention and Risk Mechanisms of Tumor Development or Recurrence Tumor Detection, Diagnosis, and Prognosis Cancer

185

Rubella: Questions and Answers  

MedlinePLUS

... of special precautions. Does the MMR vaccine cause autism? There is no scientific evidence that measles, MMR, ... other vaccine causes or increases the risk of autism. The question about a possible link between MMR ...

186

Endocrine System Clicker Questions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a set of clicker questions designed for first year nursing students in an Anatomy and Physiology course, used during the endocrine system. It can also be used for an undergraduate Physiology course.

DDS/DO Elizabeth J Kavran (Ursuline College Biology)

2009-05-01

187

Questions about Biological Parents  

MedlinePLUS

... About Biological Parents Family Life Listen Questions About Biological Parents Article Body As you raise your adopted ... to her life—the fact that she has biological parents elsewhere—that may make it necessary for ...

188

Pagel, Mark — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

Provocative Questions Skip to content. | Skip to navigation Personal tools Sign Up Log in Sections Home Home Current RFAs and PQs Cancer Prevention and Risk Mechanisms of Tumor Development or Recurrence Tumor Detection, Diagnosis, and Prognosis Cancer

189

Chia, David — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

Provocative Questions Skip to content. | Skip to navigation Personal tools Sign Up Log in Sections Home Home Current RFAs and PQs Cancer Prevention and Risk Mechanisms of Tumor Development or Recurrence Tumor Detection, Diagnosis, and Prognosis Cancer

190

Multiple choice questions revisited.  

PubMed

MCQs of the multiple true/false (MTF) variety were widely used in summative assessment 25 years ago. They could test a number of skills in addition to recall of factual knowledge, and were reliable, discriminatory, reproducible and cost-effective. However, there are now considerable doubts about their construct validity, mainly because of the varying responses of examinees to negative countermarking and the 'don't know' option, and the strategies they use when sitting examinations. Extended matching and one-from-five questions are now preferable, and negative countermarking is outmoded. MTF questions are still valuable in formative assessment and revision but are not recommended for summative examinations. PMID:15203517

Anderson, John

2004-03-01

191

Research Questions and Hypotheses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This first section guides students to ask testable questions, and formulate hypotheses and null hypotheses. Students also become familiar with the parts of a science research report. This structure reinforces the concepts of quantitative observations and comparative research. It also sets the stage for doing statistical testing. At the end of the first section, students are ready to ask a research question and formulate hypotheses for their Long-Term Research Projects (LTRP). Students finish the section by drafting the introduction paragraphs for their LTRP poster presentations. In this free section you will find Lesson 1--Ooze Observations, an Introduction and the Table of Contents.

Steel, Ashley; Kelsey, Kathryn

2001-01-01

192

Finding similar questions in large question and answer archives  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has recently been a significant increase in the number of community-based question and answer services on the Web where people answer other peoples' questions. These services rapidly build up large archives of questions and answers, and these archives are a valuable linguistic resource. One of the major tasks in a question and answer service is to find questions in

Jiwoon Jeon; Joon Ho Lee

2005-01-01

193

Questioning Ohio's Loyalty Requirement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Beginning this past summer, all new employees at some Ohio public universities, including those accepting teaching positions, are being confronted with politically sensitive and intrusive questions. In addition to the "Have you solicited any individual for membership in an organization on the U.S. Department of State Terrorist Exclusion?" inquiry,…

O'Neil, Robert M.

2006-01-01

194

De, Abhijit — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

Looking at cell to cell differences within a tumor bed, contributed by either DNA mutations, epigenetic or post-translational modifications (PTM) or miRNA mediated control switches or even a combination of all these, the question rise how to best design a personalized drug trial?

195

Questioning 9-11  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 9-11 several assumptions have dominated our thinking about terrorism. Instead of accepting these assumptions we question each one. In every case the assumption proved wrong.One of the most important assumptions is that terrorism is a complex and difficult task to carry out. In fact, it is rather simple. In order to examine this a “reconnaissance” was conducted. Numerous targets

George C. Klein

2006-01-01

196

Exam Question Exchange.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two exam questions are presented. One suitable for advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate courses in organic chemistry, is on equivalent expressions for the description of several pericyclic reactions. The second, for general chemistry students, asks for an estimation of the rate of decay of a million-year-old Uranium-238 sample. (BB)

Alexander, John J., Ed.

1978-01-01

197

QUESTIONS ABOUT GLOBAL WARMING  

E-print Network

QUESTIONS ABOUT GLOBAL WARMING ¥IS IT REAL? ¥IS IT IMPORTANT? ¥WHAT IS IT DUE TO? ¥HOW MUCH MORE in the atmosphere, giving Earth its temperate climate. Global Atmosphere, Global Warming GLOBAL TEMPERATURE TREND�t a cure for global warming! Aerosols only last a short while in the atmosphere, they would have

198

Manjili, Masoud — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

If this important question is answered we would be able to develop a highly tailored therapeutic approach for cancers. Actually, inflammatory type of the anti-tumor immune response such as IFN-g can also induce initial tumor inhibition but eventual tumor escape and progression.

199

A Question of Choice  

PubMed Central

Women's reproductive rights, reproductive health, and constitutional privacy rights in the United States are addressed in light of the contemporary onslaught of the Christian Right. The misuse of State power by fundamentalist social forces in America is critiqued. The article also briefly reviews the question of State control over women's bodies. PMID:21696627

2011-01-01

200

Question: Who Can Vote?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This year's rollercoaster primary elections and the pending national election, with an anticipated record voter turnout, provide the perfect backdrop for an examination of the questions: (1) Who can vote?; and (2) Who will vote? Historically, the American government refused voting rights to various groups based on race, gender, age, and even…

Rodeheaver, Misty D.; Haas, Mary E.

2008-01-01

201

Questioning and Experimentation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper is a philosophical analysis of experimentation. The philosophical framework of the analysis is the interrogative model of inquiry developed by Hintikka. The basis of the model is explicit and well-formed logic of questions and answers. The framework allows us to formulate a flexible logic of experimentation. In particular, the formulated…

Mutanen, Arto

2014-01-01

202

Cosmic Questions Educator's Guide  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This educator's guide contains activities relating to the Cosmic Questions national traveling exhibit's theme, our place in space and time-and information about the exhibit. Although the guide complements a museum visit, activities can be used independently from the exhibit.

2006-01-01

203

A New Method of Measurement for Question Difficulty.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes a new technique for the evaluation of question difficulty. Suggests that question dispersion by multidimensional scaling models the question-response pattern required by test theory, but without the population density requirements of the traditional methods. Considers the effect on knowledge management functions, including library…

Rorvig, Mark

2000-01-01

204

Attending, questioning, and quality.  

PubMed

Health care is just now feeling the effects of many years of neglect of serious attention to quality outcomes. We have many tools available now to change our thinking and to provide techniques to attain excellence in quality, such as Six Sigma and principals from Toyota. However, these techniques will only get us to a minimal level of quality. We need to change our questions, think the impossible, and break out of our old modes of thinking about quality. Zero defects are possible. We only have to take that quantum leap and think in new ways. We are posed on the edge of a quantum leap into new ways of thinking about quality. We will hear much more about nurse-sensitive indicators in the near future. Nurse leaders should change their questions now to attend to new models that will get us closer to the ultimate "impossible thinking" goal of zero defects in nurse-sensitive indicators of quality. PMID:15586486

Kerfoot, Karlene

2004-01-01

205

Knowledge based question answering  

SciTech Connect

The natural language database query system incorporated in the Knobs Interactive Planning System comprises a dictionary driven parser, APE-II, and script interpreter whch yield a conceptual dependency as a representation of the meaning of user input. A conceptualisation pattern matching production system then determines and executes a procedure for extracting the desired information from the database. In contrast to syntax driven q-a systems, e.g. those based on atn parsers, APE-II is driven bottom-up by expectations associated with word meanings. The goals of this approach include utilising similar representations for questions with similar meanings but widely varying surface structures, developing a powerful mechanism for the disambiguation of words with multiple meanings and the determination of pronoun referents, answering questions which require inferences to be understood, and interpreting ellipses and ungrammatical statements. The Knobs demonstration system is an experimental, expert system for air force mission planning applications. 16 refs.

Pazzani, M.J.; Engelman, C.

1983-01-01

206

Questioning Skills Hugh Foy MD  

E-print Network

of Medicine #12;Objectives · Identify good and bad questioning techniques · Classify questions by level value Creating a new plan Breaking down into parts Problem solving Understanding Remembering Questioning

Maxwell, Bruce D.

207

Quarter-sheet questions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The first day or two can set the stage for a positive relationship between the teacher and the students. "Icebreakers" are often used to start the conversation. Here I describe the use of quarter-sheet questions to not only get my students talking early on, but also to have them realize that I am willing to look into peripheral areas of interest to them as well as make clear what my objectives are for them.

Hubisz, John L.

2010-02-01

208

The "Looting Question" Bibliography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provocatively subtitled "Web and Literary Resources on the Archaeological Politics of Private Collecting, Commercial Treasure Hunting, Looting, and 'Professional' Archaeology," this comprehensive online bibliography provides scholars and practitioners with resources related to the "looting question." The bibliography is organized by format type and focuses on North American materials. Hugh Jarvis, a doctoral candidate in Anthropology as well as a graduate student in Information and Library Studies at the State University of New York (SUNY) at Buffalo, has compiled this unique, frequently updated resource.

209

Questions of wisdom.  

PubMed

In this column questions concerning wisdom are addressed, such as, what is wisdom? Can wisdom be taught in the academy? Several perspectives on wisdom from philosophy, education, business, and psychology are presented. Wisdom with creativity-creativity with wisdom is then explored through discussion of Parse's humanbecoming teaching-learning model and Laird Hamilton's life lessons learned from surfing, which he termed wisdom of the wave. The column concludes with consideration of the wise person. PMID:19342709

Schmidt Bunkers, Sandra

2009-04-01

210

The competency question.  

PubMed

JCAHO mandates "processes that are designed to ensure that the competency of all staff members is assessed, maintained, demonstrated, and improved on an ongoing basis." However, it is difficult to collect aggregate data regarding staff competency patterns and trends. How many facilities have the time or energy to collect aggregate data, let alone statistically analyze it for patterns and trends? Not many in today's environment. I saw the need to create a test to evaluate staff competency at my facility, but soon realized I would have no way of knowing if the results were good or bad. The only way to judge the results would be to have a standardized test that was used by multiple facilities. As president of the Houston X-ray Quality Society, I brought the topic up at a meeting in 1995, and a committee was set up to work on the test. The result is two competency tests--one for staff radiographers and one for mammographers--which are currently used by 35 to 40 facilities, with approximately 1,000 technologists taking the test each year. The tests include practical questions that reflect the knowledge required to perform daily exams. Each test has five sections that assess different areas of competency. The scoring system allows technologists to fail one or more individual sections but still pass the test overall. Twenty to 30 percent of the questions are new each year. That gives us the ability to look for improvement on previous year's questions, and at the same time, avoid producing a static and ineffective test. There are 60 questions on the staff radiographer test and 65 questions on the mammographer test, which also includes clinical images. Facilities must sign an agreement that states that they cannot use the test as a disciplinary tool in the employee's evaluation, or in any other way against the technologist. As a profession, radiology administration not only has regulatory requirements to evaluate competency, but also a moral duty to insure that patients receive the best possible care. We should not cover up or ignore the blemishes that we all know exist. Instead, we should take them on, as professional and personal challenges to improve the competency of our staff. PMID:11151318

Ruthemeyer, M

2000-01-01

211

Internal Audit RFP 2013 Questions and Answers Question set 1  

E-print Network

Internal Audit RFP 2013 � Questions and Answers Question set 1: 1. What do you like about your current provider? No answer #12;Internal Audit RFP 2013 � Questions and Answers 11. Are identified control;Internal Audit RFP 2013 � Questions and Answers b. High risk areas � Accounts Payable � Accounts Receivable

Heller, Barbara

212

Open questions in classical gravity  

SciTech Connect

In this work, the authors discuss some outstanding open questions regarding the validity and uniqueness of the standard second-order Newton-Einstein classical gravitational theory. On the observational side the authors discuss the degree to which the realm of validity of Newton's law of gravity can actually be extended to distances much larger than the solar system distance scales on which the law was originally established. On the theoretical side the authors identify some commonly accepted (but actually still open to question) assumptions which go into the formulation of the standard second-order Einstein theory in the first place. In particular, it is shown that while the familiar second-order Poisson gravitational equation (and accordingly its second-order covariant Einstein generalization) may be sufficient to yield Newton's law of gravity they are not in fact necessary. The standard theory thus still awaits the identification of some principle which would then make it necessary too. It is shown that current observational information does not exclusively mandate the standard theory, and that the conformal invariant fourth-order theory of gravity considered recently by Mannheim and Kazanas is also able to meet the constraints of data, and in fact to do so without the need for any so far unobserved nonluminous or dark matter. 37 refs., 7 figs.

Mannheim, P.D. (Univ. of Connecticut, Storrs, CT (United States))

1994-04-01

213

Welcome to Provocative Questions: The Unanswered Questions in Cancer Research — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

The provocative questions initiative has assembled a list of 20 important questions from the research community to stimulate the NCI's research communities to use laboratory, clinical and population sciences in especially effective and imaginative ways to answer the questions.

214

Unanswered questions from CTX  

SciTech Connect

The big question being addressed on CTX during the past year has been: Why was energy confinement not improved by increasing the mesh flux conserver radius from 40 cm to 67 cm. A comparison of decaying spheromaks with the same values of j and n in the two cases shows tau/sub B/2 improving roughly as R/sup 2/ but little change in T/sub e/. As a result, <..beta..>/sub vol/ has gone from approx. 7.0% to approx. 2.0% and the inferred energy confinement time has remained unchanged at approx. 23 ..mu..s. An energy balance analysis of the 40 cm case showed that the observed rapid particle loss could account for most of the energy loss while providing a mechanism for the removal of impurities. At 67 cm, tau/sub p/ has also improved by about a factor of 2, particle loss therefore contributes substantially less to energy balance and the achievement in CTX of j/n/sub e/ as high as 3 x 10/sup -14/ A.m (I/sub tor/ up to 1 MA), low-Z impurities should not be a problem. A question then arises: Is CTX faced with a new strong energy loss mechanism that is characteristic of spheromaks in general. This question is not simply answered because it may involve processes of thermal conduction or convection that cannot be directly measured. In the following paragraphs we discuss many of the topics that have been considered in this search.

Wright, B.L.; Barnes, C.W.; Fernandez, J.C.; Henins, I.; Hoida, H.W.; Jarboe, T.R.; Knox, S.O.; Marklin, G.J.; Platts, D.A.

1986-01-01

215

Attending, questioning, and quality.  

PubMed

Health care is just now feeling the effects of many years of neglect of serious attention to quality outcomes. We have many tools available now to change our thinking and to provide techniques to attain excellence in quality, such as Six Sigma and principals from Toyota. However, these techniques will only get us to a minimal level of quality. We need to change our questions, think the impossible, and break out of our old modes of thinking about quality. Zero defects are possible. We only have to take that quantum leap and think in new ways. PMID:16206898

Kerfoot, Karlene

2005-08-01

216

Lerman, Michael — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

This question is highly important. Indeed, high-dose cisplatin-based chemotherapy represents a curative option for patients with testicular germ cell tumors including seminoma and nonseminomas, namely embryonal carcinoma, yolk-sac tumor, teratoma, and choriocarcinoma. The curative effect is most likely due to large growth fractions in these solid and hematological tumors and probably high expression of protein target(s) of cisplatin. At least one such protein target of cisplatin was identified in species ranging from yeast to humans. These predictions could be easily verified.

217

Classroom Applications of Questioning Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children are capable of good thinking, asking perceptive questions, ferreting out implications, making applications, formulating conclusions, and making valid predictions and evaluations. Evidence indicates that these capabilities can be improved by teaching children about questions and questioning. Before such questioning strategies have much…

Martin, Lillian

218

Using Questions To Stimulate Thinking  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article states that research shows 93% of teacher questions are focusing on recall of facts and that type of questioning does not stimulate the mathematical thinking of students who are engaged in open ended investigations. To improve the quality of teacher questioning techniques, the author suggests dividing questions into four main categories: starter questions, questions to stimulate mathematical thinking, assessment questions and final discussion questions and then to follow with a rigorous question. A link to an addendum to the article provides a table of generic questions that can be used by teachers to guide children through a mathematical investigation, and at the same time prompt higher order thinking, as espoused by Bloom and others.

Way, Jenni

2001-10-01

219

Read and Question: A Question-Forming Exercise.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an exercise in which the aim is to practice question-forming in a game context, and to show students how to make well-formed questions. Students are broken down into groups. One member reads a story silently. The others, provided with vague clues, must ask "yes-no" questions and reconstruct the story. (Author/PJM)

Emanuel, Max

1981-01-01

220

Question popularity analysis and prediction in community question answering services.  

PubMed

With the blooming of online social media applications, Community Question Answering (CQA) services have become one of the most important online resources for information and knowledge seekers. A large number of high quality question and answer pairs have been accumulated, which allow users to not only share their knowledge with others, but also interact with each other. Accordingly, volumes of efforts have been taken to explore the questions and answers retrieval in CQA services so as to help users to finding the similar questions or the right answers. However, to our knowledge, less attention has been paid so far to question popularity in CQA. Question popularity can reflect the attention and interest of users. Hence, predicting question popularity can better capture the users' interest so as to improve the users' experience. Meanwhile, it can also promote the development of the community. In this paper, we investigate the problem of predicting question popularity in CQA. We first explore the factors that have impact on question popularity by employing statistical analysis. We then propose a supervised machine learning approach to model these factors for question popularity prediction. The experimental results show that our proposed approach can effectively distinguish the popular questions from unpopular ones in the Yahoo! Answers question and answer repository. PMID:24837851

Liu, Ting; Zhang, Wei-Nan; Cao, Liujuan; Zhang, Yu

2014-01-01

221

Question Popularity Analysis and Prediction in Community Question Answering Services  

PubMed Central

With the blooming of online social media applications, Community Question Answering (CQA) services have become one of the most important online resources for information and knowledge seekers. A large number of high quality question and answer pairs have been accumulated, which allow users to not only share their knowledge with others, but also interact with each other. Accordingly, volumes of efforts have been taken to explore the questions and answers retrieval in CQA services so as to help users to finding the similar questions or the right answers. However, to our knowledge, less attention has been paid so far to question popularity in CQA. Question popularity can reflect the attention and interest of users. Hence, predicting question popularity can better capture the users’ interest so as to improve the users’ experience. Meanwhile, it can also promote the development of the community. In this paper, we investigate the problem of predicting question popularity in CQA. We first explore the factors that have impact on question popularity by employing statistical analysis. We then propose a supervised machine learning approach to model these factors for question popularity prediction. The experimental results show that our proposed approach can effectively distinguish the popular questions from unpopular ones in the Yahoo! Answers question and answer repository. PMID:24837851

Liu, Ting; Zhang, Wei-Nan; Cao, Liujuan; Zhang, Yu

2014-01-01

222

Measuring Stress Among Luo Elders: Development of the Luo Perceived Stress Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the development of the Luo Perceived Stress Scale (LPSS) tested on two hundred Luo elders. The LPSS consists of twenty-three emotions and uses alternating “local idioms of distress” and well-being. Due to the low level of education of the population, a yes\\/no format is used instead of a Likert-type scale. The scale was tested among two hundred

Gillian H. Ice; Jaja Yogo

2005-01-01

223

The Concurrent Validity of Two Forms of the Ram Scale Relative to Three Criterion Measures Indicating School-Related Preferences of Community College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study reports on the relationships between community college students' responses on three school-related criterion variables and their classifications on the RAM Scale in terms of relative, absolute, or mixed orientations. As part of a larger investigation, two samples of 177 and 125 subjects were administered the RAM Scale in forced-choice and Likert formats, respectively. Both groups then responded to

Claudia R. Wright; Gordon F. Brown; William B. Michael

1984-01-01

224

Gallery Walk Questions on Rivers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

created by Mark Francek, Central Michigan University The following are potential questions that could be used in a gallery walk activity about rivers. The questions are organized according to the cognitive level ...

225

The Multidisciplinary Study of Questioning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although questioning is of interest to many fields, multidisciplinary approaches are rare. To reveal interrelationships between various literatures, a framework is formulated. The literatures on questioning in different fields are surveyed and compared. (Author/GK)

Dillon, J.T.

1982-01-01

226

Questions for music education research  

Microsoft Academic Search

In addressing the question-set ‘What questions do music education researchers need to address?’, an illustrative list of juxtaposed descriptive and normative questions is sketched as follows: What are and should be the dimensions of music education? What are and should be the institutional agencies of music education? What are and should be the specifically educational dimensions of music education? What

Estelle R. Jorgensen

2008-01-01

227

Questions for Music Education Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In addressing the question-set "What questions do music education researchers need to address?", an illustrative list of juxtaposed descriptive and normative questions is sketched as follows: What are and should be the dimensions of music education? What are and should be the institutional agencies of music education? What are and should be the…

Jorgensen, Estelle R.

2008-01-01

228

Questioning to resolve decision problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Why do we ask questions? Because we want to have some information. But why this particular kind of information? Because only information of this partic- ular kind is helpful to resolve the decision problem that the agent faces. In this paper I argue that questions are asked because their answers help to resolve the questioner's decision problem, and that this

Robert van Rooy

1999-01-01

229

Questions and Critical Thinking1  

Microsoft Academic Search

How can you stimulate critical thinking with the questions you ask in the classroom? Can these questions motivate students? Indeed, there are practical techniques, which work, that can help educators ask questions to stimulate critical thinking in class. Those of you with a strong back- ground in education literature will recognize the influence of the critical thinking literature, teaching techniques

Peter D. Hurd

230

Contemplative Pedagogy: Frequently Asked Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contemplative Pedagogy is a new and sometimes controversial pedagogical practice. Faculty often have basic questions about how to implement the pedagogy in their classrooms, in addition to questions that challenge the educational value and appropriateness of the practice. Assembled here are the most frequently asked questions about Contemplative…

Coburn, Tom; Grace, Fran; Klein, Anne Carolyn; Komjathy, Louis; Roth, Harold; Simmer-Brown, Judith

2011-01-01

231

A question of authority  

SciTech Connect

A Question of Authority. This article deals with a certain scenario and several reviewers are to give their opinion. This one is in regards to - Suspending an IACUC approved animal use activity is about the last thing a research institution wants to do. Consider the predicament that the Great Eastern University IACUC faced when Dr. Janet Jenkins, the Attending Veterinarian, suspended all animal use activity on an approved protocol of Dr. Roy Maslo. Jenkins had the IACUCs authority to temporarily suspend a protocol, subject to review by a quorum of the full committee. She alleged that Maslo used mice from his breeding colony, not purchased rats, to begin a new study. Jenkins saw Maslos technicians bringing mouse cages to a procedure room and setting up for a minor survival surgery. She asked them to wait until she clarified things as she felt confident that the protocol called for rats. She called Maslo and asked him if the study had been approved for mice, to which he responded affirmatively. Still not feeling quite assured, she went to her office, reviewed the protocol, and found only rat studies described. She also called the IACUC office to see if there were any approved amendments which she may not have received, and was told that there were none. By the time she returned, one procedure was completed. Understandably upset, she informed the technicians and Maslo that any further activity on the protocol was suspended until the issue was resolved. Jenkins informed the IACUC chairman who in turned called an emergency meeting of the committee.

Morgan, Earl W.(BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)) [BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)

2003-10-15

232

Retrospective Assessment of Childhood Sexual and Physical Abuse: A Comparison of Scaled and Behaviorally Specifi c Approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study compared retrospective reports of childhood sexual and physical abuse as assessed by two measures: the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), which uses a Likert-type scaling approach, and the Computer Assisted Maltreatment Inventory (CAMI), which employs a behaviorally specifi c means of assessment. Participants included 1,195 undergraduate students recruited from three geographically diverse universities. Agreement was high across the two

David DiLillo; Michelle A. Fortier; Sarah A. Hayes; Emily Trask; Andrea R. Perry; Terri Messman-Moore; Angèle Fauchier

233

Photo-based question answering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Photo-based question answering is a useful way of finding information about physical objects. Current question an- swering (QA) systems are text-based and can be difficult to use when a question involves an object with distinct vi- sual features. A photo-based QA system allows direct use of a photo to refer to the object. We develop a three-layer system architecture for

Tom Yeh; John J. Lee; Trevor Darrell

2008-01-01

234

Are We Too Many? Some Questions About the Population Question  

Microsoft Academic Search

Are we too many? Few questions have sparked such heated debate in environmental political thought. It is a question that highlights fundamental tensions between humans and the environment, or people and resources. It stems from a belief that there is imbalance in the natural order and a profound sense of fear for the future of life on earth. It is

Sherilyn MacGregor

2009-01-01

235

Teacher Questions: An Experimental Analysis of the Question Effect Hypothesis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the effects of three types of teacher questions (literal, interpretive, applied) on: (1) frequency, length, and quality of student response; (2) classroom interaction; (3) student questions; (4) intentional and incidental learning; and (5) student attitudes. Multiple-choice formats were used to assess intentional learning, and…

Mahlios, Marc; D'Angelo, Karen

236

Classroom Questioning Techniques: The T.V. Taxonomy of Questions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The T.V. Taxonomy of Questions was developed for use by teachers who wish to stimulate their students' critical thinking skills, but who find the terminology of existing skill taxonomies both confusing and elusive. This taxonomy consists of six levels of questions. Each level is given the name of a television program reflecting how the student…

Kahn, Michael

237

Frequently Asked Questions Question: What items are not allowed on  

E-print Network

Frequently Asked Questions Question: What items are not allowed on Laboratory property? Answer: If an explosive is detected in a vehicle, what measures will be taken to protect those nearby? Answer. ENHANCED SECURITY MEASURES Security for You, for the Laboratory, and for the Nation LA-UR 12-00944 February

238

Reference Readiness for AV Questions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews 50 reference tools which librarians can use to answer almost any audiovisual question including queries on trivia, equipment selection, biographical information, and motion picture ratings. (LLS)

Drolet, Leon L., Jr.

1981-01-01

239

Measuring attitude toward Judaism: The internal consistency reliability of the Katz–Francis Scale of Attitude toward Judaism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes and discusses the development and empirical properties of the 24-item Likert-type Katz–Francis Scale of Attitude toward Judaism. The scale is designed to facilitate inter-faith comparisons within the psychology of religion alongside the well-established Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity. Data are provided from a sample of 618 Hebrew-speaking undergraduate students attending Bar-Ilan University. The findings confirm the

Leslie J. Francis; Y. J. Katz

2007-01-01

240

Profiles of Respondents Who Respond Inconsistently to Positively and Negatively-worded Items on Rating Scales  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many instruments, especially Likert-type scales, contain both positively- and negatively-worded items within the same scale (i.e. mixed-item format). A major reason for this practice appears to be to discourage response sets from emerging. Using this format also helps the analyst to detect response sets that occur in data sets, and thus eliminate them from subsequent analyses. However, some psychometricians seriously

Gail H. Weems; Anthony J. Onwuegbuzie; Daniel Lustig

2003-01-01

241

The Geography of Virtual Questioning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the geography of virtual questioning by using geographic information systems to study activity within the Florida Electronic Library "Ask a Librarian" collaborative chat service. Researchers mapped participating libraries throughout the state of Florida that served as virtual "entry portals" for users as they asked questions

Mon, Lorri; Bishop, Bradley Wade; McClure, Charles R.; McGilvray, Jessica; Most, Linda; Milas, Theodore Patrick; Snead, John T.

2009-01-01

242

Context, Gender, and Physics Questions  

E-print Network

; individual answers differed between 5 and 21 on pretests, between 3 and 22 on the posttests · Men averaged 13 questions differently on pretests, between 0 and 22 on posttests · Women averaged 13 questions different on content? · When cued to the test similarities, students had somewhat fewer differences between the tests

Wu, Mingshen

243

Twenty Questions about Mathematical Reasoning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper poses and answers 20 questions about mathematical reasoning. Questions include: (1) Is mathematical reasoning mathematical? (2) Is mathematical reasoning useful? (3) Is mathematical reasoning an appropriate goal of school mathematics? (4) Can teachers teach mathematical reasoning? (5) Can mathematical reasoning be taught? (6) Do skills…

Steen, Lynn Arthur

244

Thirteen Questions: Reframing Education's Conversation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides alternative answers to those questions about the American educational system that have been answered until now by an outmoded, conservative educational agenda. Following the introduction that describes the rationale for a postmodern deconstruction of educational narratives, 13 chapters present essays on the following questions:…

Kincheloe, Joe L., Ed.; Steinberg, Shirley R., Ed.

245

Questions to Guide RTI's Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents 10 related questions on which Heartland Area Education Agency in Iowa base their approach for developing a response to intervention (RTI) framework. These questions are drawn from the National Association of State Directors of Special Education's publication "Response to Intervention Blueprint for Implementation." The…

Tilly, David

2008-01-01

246

Answering Your Questions about AIDS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book focuses on AIDS education and answers 350 commonly asked questions about Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) taken from questions addressed to two major urban AIDS hotlines (Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and Houston, Texas). Chapter 1, "HIV - The Virus That Causes AIDS," discusses: the HIV virus; the…

Kalichman, Seth C.

247

Composing Questions through Conceptual Authoring  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes a method for composing fluent and complex natural language ques- tions, while avoiding the standard pitfalls of free text queries. The method, based on Conceptual Authoring, is targeted at question-answering systems where reliability and transparency are critical, and where users cannot be expected to undergo extensive training in question composition. This scenario is found in most corporate

Catalina Hallett; Donia Scott; Richard Power

2007-01-01

248

Unanswered Questions in Audience Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

As its title implies, this article explores a number of unanswered questions and outstanding issues in contemporary audience research. These include: models of the “active audience”; questions of cultural power; global media and transnational audiences; methodologies in audience research; problems of essentialism in the conceptualization of categories of audience members; the strengths and limitations of the encoding\\/decoding model; models of

David Morley

2006-01-01

249

Exploiting redundancy in question answering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our goal is to automatically answer brief factual questions of the form ``When was the Battle of Hastings?'' or ``Who wrote The Wind in the Willows?''. Since the answer to nearly any such question can now be found somewhere on the Web, the problem reduces to finding potential answers in large volumes of data and validating their accuracy. We apply

Charles L. A. Clarke; Gordon V. Cormack; Thomas R. Lynam

2001-01-01

250

Types of Interviews & Interview Questions  

E-print Network

have you enjoyed the most? · Open-Ended Tell me about yourself. Why do you want to work for our recruiting new employees. The case question is generally a business problem or estimating exercise designed are most important to obtain? · Inappropriate Questions Based on Ethnicity, Religion, Sexual Orientation

Lin, Xiaodong

251

The Value Question in Metaphysics.  

PubMed

Much seems to be at stake in metaphysical questions about, for example, God, free will or morality. One thing that could be at stake is the value of the universe we inhabit-how good or bad it is. We can think of competing philosophical positions as describing possibilities, ways the world might turn out to be, and to which value can be assigned. When, for example, people hope that God exists, or fear that we do not possess free will, they express attitudes towards these possibilities, attitudes that presuppose answers to questions about their comparative value. My aim in this paper is to distinguish these evaluative questions from related questions with which they can be confused, to identify structural constraints on their proper pursuit, and to address objections to their very coherence. Answers to such evaluative questions offer one measure of the importance of philosophical disputes. PMID:23024399

Kahane, Guy

2012-07-01

252

The Value Question in Metaphysics  

PubMed Central

Much seems to be at stake in metaphysical questions about, for example, God, free will or morality. One thing that could be at stake is the value of the universe we inhabit—how good or bad it is. We can think of competing philosophical positions as describing possibilities, ways the world might turn out to be, and to which value can be assigned. When, for example, people hope that God exists, or fear that we do not possess free will, they express attitudes towards these possibilities, attitudes that presuppose answers to questions about their comparative value. My aim in this paper is to distinguish these evaluative questions from related questions with which they can be confused, to identify structural constraints on their proper pursuit, and to address objections to their very coherence. Answers to such evaluative questions offer one measure of the importance of philosophical disputes. PMID:23024399

Kahane, Guy

2012-01-01

253

The Gentle Art of Questioning: Writing Great Clicker Questions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Presented by Stephanie Chasteen, University of Colorado-Boulder, at the 2012 PhysTEC Conference. This workshop focused on writing questions that engage students, spark their curiosity, help recap material, give you insight into their thinking, or help them learn critical ideas in physics. Focuses on "peer instruction" -- a research-tested method of requiring students to discuss challenging questions with one another. Dr. Chasteen's materials from this workshop are also available on her blog.

Chasteen, Stephanie

2012-02-28

254

5 Questions 1 -UA Undergraduate  

E-print Network

#12;#12;5 Questions 1 - UA Undergraduate 2 - LPL Grad Student 3 - LPL Postdoc 4 - LPL Professor 5 a UA Undergraduate · Who won the World Series? · A - The Arizona Diamondbacks · B - The number 3 · C

Withers, Paul

255

Frequently Asked Questions - Research Bases  

Cancer.gov

NCI Community Oncology Research Program (NCORP) Updated Frequently Asked Questions on Research Bases Request for Application (RFA) Select a category by clicking on its title below. How to search the content of the FAQs: Click on the FAQ Category you

256

Women's Health Frequently Asked Questions  

MedlinePLUS

... This Guide Home > Topics & States > Topics > Women's Health Women's Health Frequently Asked Questions What are the barriers ... the barriers to health care access for rural women? Problems specific to access to care in rural ...

257

Questions Students Ask: Beta Decay.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Answers a student's question about the emission of a positron from a nucleus. Discusses the problem from the aspects of the uncertainty principle, beta decay, the Fermi Theory, and modern physics. (YP)

Koss, Jordan; Hartt, Kenneth

1988-01-01

258

Questions to Ask Your Doctor  

MedlinePLUS

... How to Manage a Serious Allergic Reaction Quiz: Baseball Injuries Questions to Ask Your Doctor KidsHealth > Teens > ... this serious? Will there be any long-term effects of this problem? Can I give this illness ...

259

Substance Abuse Frequently Asked Questions  

MedlinePLUS

Substance Abuse Frequently Asked Questions What is substance abuse? What are signs of substance abuse? How do ... Methamphetamine Production Prevention Act of 2008? What is substance abuse? Substance abuse is the use of a ...

260

On Clickers, Questions, and Learning  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The purpose of this paper is to review the procedures used to help students become learning victors. Specifically, this paper will discuss the process used to integrate classroom-response-system technology and question-driven instruction into an introductory anatomy and physiology course for pre-nursing/allied health students at a community college. Emphasis is placed on a systematic process for developing effective questions. Student reaction to this strategy is also discussed.

Skinner, Steven

2009-03-01

261

Automatic Generation of Trivia Questions  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a (nearly) domain-independent approach to mining trivia questions from a database. Generated questions are ranked\\u000a and are more “interesting” if they have a modest number of solutions and may reasonably be solved (but are not too easy).\\u000a Our functional model and genetic approach have several advantages: they are tractable and scalable, the hypothesis space size\\u000a is limited, and

Matthew Merzbacher

2002-01-01

262

Questions, Questions: Taking Energy Inquiry Further in the School Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article from Beyond Weather and the Water Cycle provides ideas on how school librarians can work with elementary teachers to teach about the Sun's impact on weather and climate. The author introduces the Standards for the 21st Century Learner, developed by the American Association of School Librarians. The author focuses on Standard 1, which calls for students to inquire, think critically, and gain knowledge through developing and refining questions, investigating answers, seeking divergent perspectives in information, and assessing whether the information found answers the questions posed. The free, online magazine draws its themes from the Seven Essential Principles of Climate Literacy, with each issue focusing on one of the seven principles.

Mardis, Marcia

2011-02-01

263

A measure of interpersonal orientation: the Linking People Scale.  

PubMed

A 15-item Likert scale, the Liking People Scale, was developed to measure that aspect of interpersonal orientation. Liking people is conceived as a personality construct which serves a mediational function in social interaction. Three cumulative studies are reported. The samples include college students in two regions of the country and a random sample of adults from a large metropolitan area. People low on Liking People spend less time with others, are more socially anxious, tend to be introverted, and are less adept at judging the characteristics of other people. The relationship of Liking People to other measures of affiliative characteristics is examined. PMID:16370715

Filsinger, E E

1981-06-01

264

Questions of Face: Goffman and the Management of Question Time.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scrutinizes an academic lecture in the subsequent question and answer period in order to decompose the speech roles associated with this speech event and to increase understanding of the factors influencing the participants and the event in order to design a useful framework for language teaching. (14 references) (Adjunct ERIC Clearinghouse for…

Crichton, Jonathan; Wajnryb, Ruth

1996-01-01

265

Tolstoy and the woman question  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work examines the perceptions of women in art and literature in Russia during the later half of the nineteenth century. It specifically focuses on the women question and examines women's function and role in Russian society and how different visual artists along with Tolstoy examine this issue through their artwork. The first section of the work focuses specifically on

Jeanna Marie Whiting

2006-01-01

266

Kast, Wijbe Martin — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

This is such a relevant question. Especially as evidence from animal models is mounting that therapeutic vaccines can be used very effectively in the cancer preventive setting while they do not work well in the cancer therapeutic setting. It is time to change the paradigm. Don't watchful wait, Vaccinate!

267

APPENDIX 4-B INTERVIEW QUESTIONS  

E-print Network

Birth date Dates of attendance at elementary or high school (or college) Dates of military service, children's ages, child care plans, #12;work schedule requirements. spouse's employment or salary. Gender or widowed. Military Service Questions regarding relevant experience gained during military service

Sheridan, Jennifer

268

Ten Practical Questions about Branding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Marketing" and "branding" were once considered dirty words on campus but faculty, staff, and board members now appreciate the value of getting their message out and managing their reputation. The question is not so much whether to invest, but when, how, and most important, what's the return on investment? A roundtable of accomplished marketing…

Moore, Robert M.; Rattenbury, Jeanne

2004-01-01

269

Questioning Trends in University Dance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article revisits ideas put forward at the beginning of an academic career and discusses the ways in which time and experience within academe has shifted the author's perspective. Specifically, focusing on the balance of artistic thinking with the widely perceived need to justify the arts in higher education, the author explores questions

Van Dyke, Jan

2012-01-01

270

A Question of Competing Paradigms?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are some fundamental--i.e., "essential"--differences between conceptual change theory and a rigorously applied discourse approach to the question of what and how people know. In this rejoinder, I suggest that the differences are paradigmatic because, among others, the units of analysis used and the data constructed are irreconcilably…

Roth, Wolff-Michael

2008-01-01

271

BOMB THREAT Questions to Ask  

E-print Network

BOMB THREAT CHECKLIST Questions to Ask: 1. Where is the bomb going to explode? 2. Where is it right now? 3. What does it look like? 4. What kind of bomb is it? 5. What will cause it to explode? 6. Did you place the bomb? 7. Why? 8. What is your address? 9. What is your name? Sex of caller: Age: Race

Ravikumar, B.

272

In this Issue: Questioning "Professor  

E-print Network

interdependent world is far from an integrated world," said Bill Clinton in a wide-ranging address to the Hunter welcomes former U.S. President Bill Clinton and Hunter alumnus Mel Tukman ('61), sponsor of HunterIn this Issue: Questioning "Professor Clinton" page 2 page 2 Hunter Student Wins Fulbright page 3

Qiu, Weigang

273

Salvaging Timber: Frequently Asked Questions  

E-print Network

When timber is damaged by a storm, landowners may have questions such as "Who can I call for help? "How fast do I need to salvage my damaged timber? or "How can timber value be estimated in damaged timber stands? This publication answers...

Taylor, Eric; Foster, C. Darwin

2005-10-19

274

Qualitative Questions in Fluid Mechanics  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper in honour of Professor Leen van Wijngaarden, some propositions about fluid mechanics are discussed. First, basic fluid mechanics research should be judged as much by its progress in clarifying the essential questions about the phenomena of fluid flow and in establishing general concepts, as by its contribution to the solutions of specific problems. In fact, the latter

J. C. R. Hunt

1997-01-01

275

For Research Questions to ask  

E-print Network

CT Scans For Research Questions to ask: 1. Is this CT being done specifically for the research for educational purposes and is not intended to provide medical advice. Talk with your doctor or research team before acting on any information contained herein for advice specific to your situation. Common Research

Church, George M.

276

Questions about Influenza Designing Turbulence  

E-print Network

in 1943 to build the first atomic bomb. it remains a premier scientific laboratory, dedicated to nationalQuestions about Influenza Designing Turbulence Los Alamos Institutes Atoms from Nothingness 1663. The enormous project cost about $2 billion but produced atomic weapons that helped end the war in the Pacific

277

QUESTIONS & ANSWERS ABOUT LUNG CANCER  

E-print Network

QUESTIONS & ANSWERS ABOUT LUNG CANCER Q: What are the early signs of lung cancer? How would I know I have it? A: Some of the early warning signs of lung cancer are: · A cough that doesn't go away what may be causing these symptoms. Q: How is lung cancer diagnosed? A: Your doctor may do one or more

278

THE GOAL QUESTION METRIC APPROACH  

Microsoft Academic Search

As with any engineering discipline, software development requires a measurement mechanism for feedback and evaluation. Measurement is a mechanism for creating a corporate memory and an aid in answering a variety of questions associated with the enactment of any software process. It helps support project planning (e. g., How much will a new project cost?); it allows us to determine

Victor R. Basili; Gianluigi Caldiera; H. Dieter Rombach

1994-01-01

279

Four Questions to Ask Yourself  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One's commitment to intellectual freedom is manifested not just in the creation of a strong and clear selection policy or the celebration of Banned Books Week but by his or her willingness to examine his or her practices openly with others. In this article, the author proposes four questions to explore in one's teaching and in professional…

Abilock, Debbie, Ed.

2007-01-01

280

Looming Questions in Performance Pay  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When proposing performance pay for teachers, reformers first must answer three questions: What is the definition of teacher performance? What is the definition of student performance? and What are the goals of schooling? Reformers also need to examine the assumptions that guide their proposals and prepare to deal with the implementation issues…

Gratz, Donald B.

2010-01-01

281

Asking Personal Questions in Mock Job Interviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two studies used a job interview role-play situation to examine strategies that interviewers employed when asking personal as compared to neutral questions. They found that personal questions were asked later in the interview than neutral questions and that more hesitation markers, tag questions, and hedges were used with personal questions than…

Ng, Sik Hung

1995-01-01

282

Journal of Chemical Education: Conceptual Questions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site provides examples of conceptual questions, an introduction to several different types of conceptual questions, and a discussion of what constitutes a conceptual question. Links to definitions and discussions provide the details.

Education, Journal O.; Society, Division O.

283

The Effects of Role Exchange Questioning on Empathetic Perceptiveness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to test the effects of subjects reading passages from the novel, "Under the Ribs of Death," by John Marlyn, and then being asked role exchange questions. Subjects were pre-tested with a dogmatism scale and post-tested with a measure of empathy. No significant treatment or interaction effects were found. (Author/RTS)

Kehoe, J. W.; Ungerleider, C.

1979-01-01

284

Big questions, small worlds: microbial model systems in ecology  

E-print Network

of spatial and temporal scales. Microorganisms are also amenable to genetic manipulation and to prolonged of genetic and physiological information available for commonly used microorganisms, combined biologists have embraced microbial model systems as tools to address genetic and physio- logical questions

Buckling, Angus

285

Answering Hard Questions: "Wh"-Movement across Dialects and Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A large-scale study of complex "wh"-questions with 1,000 subjects aged 4-9 years is reported. The subjects' dialects were Mainstream American English or African American English, and approximately one-third were language impaired. The study examined when children permit long distance "wh"-movement, and when they respect a variety of syntactic…

De Villiers, Jill; Roeper, Thomas; Bland-Stewart, Linda; Pearson, Barbara

2008-01-01

286

Unanswered Questions in Friedreich Ataxia  

PubMed Central

During the past 15 years, the pace of research advancement in Friedreich ataxia has been rapid. The abnormal gene has been discovered and its gene product characterized, leading to the development of new evidence-based therapies. Still, various unsettled issues remain that affect clinical trials. These include the level of frataxin deficiency needed to cause disease, the mechanism by which frataxin-deficient mitochondrial dysfunction leads to symptomatology, and the reason selected cells are most affected in Friedreich ataxia. In this review, we summarize these questions and propose testable hypotheses for their resolution. PMID:22832776

Lynch, David R.; Deutsch, Eric C.; Wilson, Robert B.; Tennekoon, Gihan

2013-01-01

287

Ambivalent Racism Scale.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A series of studies was conducted to develop and validate a scale to study racism in its newly adapted, ambivalent form. The scale was designed to measure the separate positively correlated hostile and benevolent components of racism. The first two studies, which involved 39 and 73 college students, established the questions that could be used for…

Blair, Jeremy

288

Open Questions in Arithmetic Algebraic Alice Silverberg  

E-print Network

is part of a rich and beautiful theory, with many as yet unanswered questions. Our central objectsOpen Questions in Arithmetic Algebraic Geometry Alice Silverberg #12; #12; Contents Open Questions curves. 46 6.4. Abelian varieties, Shimura varieties, and open questions. 46 Bibliography 49 #12; IAS

Silverberg, Alice

289

Some unanswered questions in fluid mechanics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Perhaps a hundred questions are imbedded in this collection. It is an experiment that brings together the contributions of many people. Questions are not widely used in the authors literature. The typical paper in fluid mechanics, or in science and engineering generally, contains not a single question. Some people are clearly reluctant to pose questions for which they have no

L. M. Trefethen; R. L. Panton

1990-01-01

290

Recognizing Digressive Questions During Interactive Generation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In expository discourse, people sometimes ask ques- tions that digress from the purpose of the discussion. A system that provides interactive explanations and advice must be able to distinguish pertinent questions from questions that digress. It must also be able .to recognize questions that are incoherent. These types of questions require different treatment. Pertinent ques- tions must be answered to

Susan M. Hailer

291

The Urban Institute: Five Questions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In the mid-1960s, President Johnson saw the need for independent nonpartisan analysis of the problems facing America's cities and their residents. The President created a blue-ribbon commission of civic leaders who recommended chartering a center to do that work and in 1968, the Urban Institute became that center. Today the Urban Institute analyzes policies, evaluates programs, and informs community development to "improve social, civic, and economic well-being." Working in all 50 states and abroad, the Institute shares its research with policymakers, business leaders, and academics. On this site, visitors can enjoy the Institute's series of interviews entitled "Five Questions For"" which poses five questions to the people behind the Urban Institute's research. Here, experts talk about the nature of their work and offer insights on what they've learned. The collection allows visitors to browse a chronological list of this series of interviews and each interview is easily emailed and is also available in a printer friendly format.

292

Les questions de migrations internationales  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

International migrations have growing implications for both countries of origin and countries of destination. In the latter, the presence of foreigners and of members of their families today creates problems of integration, causes argument and brings mounting xenophobia. Paralleling political, economic and social measures taken by public authorities to respond to these difficulties, education needs to assist in defusing the resulting social tensions by preparing the minds of learners and helping to develop new attitudes. In particular, when educational programmes address questions of international migration, these should be treated in the framework of historical evolution so that their real significance and their true temporal and spatial dimensions become apparent. It is also important that the growing interdependence between countries should be made plain, that national history should be placed in its international context, and that the true consequences of these developments should be made clear. In this context, learners need to be acquainted with Human Rights, thereby stressing universal moral values and the role of the individual. Lastly, questions relating to international migration are usually presented in the media in a selective and partial manner, and the young people who take in this information often accept the hasty judgments which are made of situations as proven facts. This is why all teaching about international migration needs to be considered or reconsidered in the light of the complementary or competing actions of the media.

Samman, Mouna Liliane

1993-03-01

293

Evaluative Conditioning: The "How" Question  

PubMed Central

Evaluative conditioning (EC) refers to attitude formation or change toward an object due to that object's mere co-occurrence with another valenced object or objects. This chapter focuses on the “how” question, that is, the question of what cognitive processes intervene between mere co-occurrence and attitude formation or change. Though EC has typically been thought of as occurring through a single, albeit contentious, mechanism, we begin by pointing out that both the heterogeneity of EC methodologies and the abundance of inconsistent results suggest that multiple processes with different characteristics can produce EC. We describe how the earliest posited process of EC, Pavlovian conditioning or signal learning, is a valid mechanism of EC that appears to have operated in some experiments but is unlikely to have operated in others and also cannot account for various EC findings. We describe other mechanisms of EC, when they can be expected to occur, and what characteristics they have. We particularly focus our attention on a process model of EC we have recently introduced, the implicit misattribution model. Finally, we describe the implications of a multi-process view of EC, which we argue can help resolve theoretical controversies and further the application of EC as a practical intervention for influencing attitudes in various domains. PMID:22241936

Jones, Christopher R.; Olson, Michael A.; Fazio, Russell H.

2011-01-01

294

Answering Key Fuel Cycle Questions  

SciTech Connect

The Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) program has both “outcome” and “process” goals because it must address both waste already accumulating as well as completing the fuel cycle in connection with advanced nuclear power plant concepts. The outcome objectives are waste geological repository capacity and cost, energy security and sustainability, proliferation resistance, fuel cycle economics, and safety. The process objectives are readiness to proceed and adaptability and robustness in the face of uncertainties. A classic decision-making approach to such a multi-attribute problem would be to weight individual quantified criteria and calculate an overall figure of merit. This is inappropriate for several reasons. First, the goals are not independent. Second, the importance of different goals varies among stakeholders. Third, the importance of different goals is likely to vary with time, especially the “energy future.” Fourth, some key considerations are not easily or meaningfully quantifiable at present. Instead, at this point, we have developed 16 questions the AFCI program should answer and suggest an approach of determining for each whether relevant options improve meeting each of the program goals. We find that it is not always clear which option is best for a specific question and specific goal; this helps identify key issues for future work. In general, we suggest attempting to create as many win-win decisions (options that are attractive or neutral to most goals) as possible. Thus, to help clarify why the program is exploring the options it is, and to set the stage for future narrowing of options, we have developed 16 questions, as follows: · What are the AFCI program goals? · Which potential waste disposition approaches do we plan for? · What are the major separations, transmutation, and fuel options? · How do we address proliferation resistance? · Which potential energy futures do we plan for? · What potential external triggers do we plan for? · Should we separate uranium? · If we separate uranium, should we recycle it, store it or dispose of it? · Is it practical to plan to fabricate and handle “hot” fuel? · Which transuranic elements (TRU) should be separated and transmuted? · Of those TRU separated, which should be transmuted together? · Should we separate and/or transmute Cs and Sr isotopes that dominate near-term repository heating? · Should we separate and/or transmute very long-lived Tc and I isotopes? · Which separation technology? · What mix of transmutation technologies? · What fuel technology best supports the above decisions?

Steven J. Piet; Brent W. Dixon; J. Stephen Herring; David E. Shropshire; Mary Lou Dunzik-Gougar

2003-10-01

295

Statistical questions in experimental evolution  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent advances in the mathematical analysis of models describing evolutionary dynamics are rapidly increasing our ability to make precise quantitative predictions. These advances have created a growing need for corresponding improvements in our ability to observe evolutionary dynamics in laboratory evolution experiments. High-throughput experimental methods are particularly crucial, in order to maintain many replicate populations and measure statistical differences in evolutionary outcomes at both phenotypic and genomic levels. In this paper, I describe recent technical developments which have greatly increased the throughput of laboratory evolution experiments, and outline a few promising directions for further improvements. I then highlight a few ways in which these new experimental methods can help to answer simple statistical questions about evolutionary dynamics, and potentially guide future theoretical work.

Desai, Michael M.

2013-01-01

296

Minister Peng answers correspondents' questions.  

PubMed

Following a press conference where she presented the results of the 1990 census and the accomplishments of China's family planning program, Peng Peiyun, minister of the State Family Planning Commission, and other officials answered the questions of Chinese and foreign correspondents. Asked about the implementation of family planning in rural areas, Peng explained that while the 1-child policy has been followed, farmers with only 1 daughter have been allowed a second child. Nonetheless, the total fertility rate (TFR) of rural women has fallen bellow 4. On the issue of abortion, an official explained that for the past few years, there have been 10 million abortions annually. Abortion, however, is used only when contraception fails. Despite China's impressive achievements in curbing population growth, Peng noted that the country still faces serious problems. As the country enters its 8th 5-year plan, China will undergo a baby boom. An average of 17 million births each year is expected throughout the plan's duration. Peng acknowledged that the previous target of controlling China's population to 1.2 billion by the year 2000 will not be achieved. Under the new plan, which hopes to reduce the TFR from 2.35 in 1989 to 2.0 by the turn of the century, calls for the population to stabilize somewhere between 1.5 and 1.6 billion. Peng also answered questions concerning abuses by family planning workers. She stressed that China's family planning program is voluntary, although economic disincentives are used. Furthermore, Peng addressed issues concerning religion and family planning, infanticide, the safety of contraceptives, and concerns over the ageing of the population. PMID:12284670

1991-02-01

297

Involving students in question writing: a unique feedback with fringe benefits.  

PubMed

A contest on question writing was organized during the undergraduate medical physiology teaching program. Students were asked to write and submit multiple-choice questions of the assertion-reasoning type (type E) in physiology. The winners were decided after the questions submitted were graded on a six-point scale (0-5) that considered both thematic novelty and construct correctness. Of the 100 students in the class, 37 participated in the contest, and a total of 912 questions was received. The contest encouraged the students to go through their subjects critically. The questions provided the instructor with insight into the learning habits and misconceptions of the students and provided the grist for animated discussions in tutorial classes. Although several types of errors were deciphered in these questions, with suitable modifications the questions helped the faculty build up a sizable question bank. PMID:10644264

Sircar, S S; Tandon, O P

1999-12-01

298

Aren't Those Questions Interesting Enough? Investigating the Root Causes of Unanswered Questions  

E-print Network

Aren't Those Questions Interesting Enough? Investigating the Root Causes of Unanswered Questions unanswered questions. In this paper, we mine Stack Overflow dataset to investigate why these questions remain that although there are some topics that were never answered, most questions remained unanswered because

Perry, Dewayne E.

299

Effective Question Recommendation Based on Multiple Features for Question Answering Communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a new method of recommending questions to answerers so as to suit the answerers' knowledge and inter- ests in User-Interactive Question Answering (QA) commu- nities. A question recommender can help answerers select the questions that interest them. This increases the number of answers, which will activate QA communities. An ef- fective question recommender should satisfy the following three

Yutaka Kabutoya; Tomoharu Iwata; Hisako Shiohara; Ko Fujimura

2010-01-01

300

[Questions to television from psychopathology].  

PubMed

Progress is expected in psychopathological diagnosis by using audiovisual procedures. Nowadays, a valid psychopathology concept should be broadly planned and the important method of description as well as understanding procedures should be considered. For such a model of psychopathology it seems appropriate to investigate the different psychopathological phenomenons as expression of a disturbed communication ability. Concerning this outlook, new strategies are to be developed or procedures of other disciplines are to be adapted for the psychopathological research. It seems attractive to anticipate aid from structuralistic and information-theoretical issues for the breaking of yet substancially less good apperceived facts. The interest hereby concentrates upon the relationship between verbal and averbal phenomenons and upon better criteria for an interpretation of the phenomenons as an expression of the subjective experience of the psychiatric patient as well as of his/her communicative competence. In order to use audio-visual techniques successfully, an orientation in specfic, originary particularities of the different methodological assessments is required. The way and extent of such problems can be demonstrated for the study of psychopathological phenomenons by the importance of the camera guide, the selection, the enlargement of a sequence, and the combination of different parts of an interview. The criteria of a field-specific TV-methodology must first be elaborated for the majority of the questioning. The user of audiovisual methods not only has to consider the special needs of the psychic ill, but also has to face critically the seduction ways of this potential medium. PMID:90381

Busch, H

1979-01-01

301

Do Melt Inclusions Answer Big Questions?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In a pioneering paper, Sobolev and Shimizu (1993) demonstrated the existence of ultra-depleted melt inclusions in olivine phenocrysts in MORB. They interpreted these as evidence for the preservation of parental melts formed by progressive near-fractional melting. Subsequently many cases have been described where melt inclusions from single basalt samples display enormous chemical and isotopic heterogeneity. The interpretation of these observations hinges critically on whether such melt inclusions can faithfully preserve primary or parental melt composition. If they do, melt inclusion data can truly answer big questions from small-scale observations. If they do not, they answer rather small questions. Favoring the second possibility, Danyushevsky et al. (2004) have suggested that much of the observed variability of highly incompatible trace elements in melt inclusions “may not represent geologically significant melts, but instead reflect localized, grain-scale reaction processes within the magmatic plumbing system.” We disagree and show that this mechanism cannot, for example, explain isotopic heterogeneity measured in several suites of melt inclusions, nor does it not account for the presence of ultra-depleted melts and "ghost" plagioclase signatures in other inclusions. More recently, Spandler et al. (2007) have suggested on the basis of experimental evidence that diffusion rates for REE in olivine are so rapid that parental melt compositions in melt inclusions are rapidly falsified by diffusional exchange with (evolved) host lava. We show that the very fact that extreme chemical and isotopic heterogeneities are routinely preserved in melt inclusions demonstrates that this conclusion is unwarranted, either because residence times of the olivine phenocrysts are much shorter than assumed by Spandler et al. or because the high experimental diffusion rates are caused by an unknown experimental artifact. Although there is no obvious flaw in design and execution of their experiments, geologically relevant diffusion rates are notoriously difficult to determine and may depend on factors not incorporated in the laboratory experiments. More recent diffusion experiments by Remmert et al. (2008) and by Cherniak (2009) have yielded diffusion coefficients three order of magnitude lower than those measured by Spandler. The heavy REE represent a possible exception to the above conclusions. We present data from olivine melt inclusions from Iceland basalts, which show unusual HREE patterns possibly caused by diffusional exchange with the host lava. Sobolev, A.V. & Shimizu, N. (1993) Nature 363, 151-154. Danyushevskii, L.V. et al. (2004) J. Petrol. 45, 2531-2553. Spandler, G., O’Neill, H.St.C., Kamenetsky, V.S. (2007) Nature, 447, 303-306. Remmert, P. Dohmen, R., Chakraborty, S. (2008) EOS Trans. AGU abs. MR331-1844. Cherniak, D.J. (2009) Am. Mineral. Ms. subm.

Hofmann, A. W.; Sobolev, A. V.

2009-12-01

302

Questions about Smoking, Tobacco, and Health  

MedlinePLUS

... window. My Saved Articles » My ACS » Questions About Smoking, Tobacco, and Health Download Printable Version [PDF] » ( En ... here. We also answer some questions about how smoking and tobacco can affect a person’s health, including ...

303

On the interpretation of concealed questions  

E-print Network

Determiner phrases have the ability to act as "concealed questions" (CQs), embedded questions in sentences like John knows the time (i.e., John knows what time it is). The fact that know and wonder differ in their ability ...

Nathan, Lance Edward

2006-01-01

304

What Questions Do They Ask? Ausubel Rephrased.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates what questions elementary students would ask when presented with various situations relating to the natural environment. Findings reveal the extraordinary range of questions that elementary students have concerning the solar system and space. (JRH)

Spargo, Peter E.; Enderstein, L. Gus

1997-01-01

305

37 CFR 354.2 - Novel questions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Novel questions. 354.2 Section 354.2 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights COPYRIGHT...PROCEDURES SUBMISSIONS TO THE REGISTER OF COPYRIGHTS § 354.2 Novel questions. (a) Mandatory...

2010-07-01

306

Answering definitional questions before they are asked  

E-print Network

Most question answering systems narrow down their search space by issuing a boolean IR query on a keyword indexed corpus. This technique often proves futile for definitional questions, because they only contain one keyword ...

Fernandes, Aaron D. (Aaron David)

2004-01-01

307

Gallery Walk Questions on Earth's Radiation Balance  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

created by Mark Francek, Central Michigan University The following are potential questions that could be used in a gallery walk activity about the Earth's Radiation Balance. The questions are organized ...

308

Gallery Walk Questions about Human Dimensions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

created by Mark Francek, Central Michigan University The following are potential questions that could be used in a gallery walk activity about the human dimensions of geologic issues. The questions are organized ...

309

Gallery Walk Questions on Atmosphere Composition  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

created by Mark Francek, Central Michigan University The following are potential questions that could be used in a gallery walk activity about atmosphere composition, greenhouse gases, ozone. The questions are ...

310

HOW PEOPLE RESPOND TO CONTINGENT VALUATION QUESTIONS  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of the project is to understand better how individuals interpret and respond to contingent valuation (CV) questions. The research will address three issues: the reliability of the referendum questions format, the importance of reminding respondents about subst...

311

EXPOSURE FACTORS HANDBOOK - FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS  

EPA Science Inventory

This page provides a list of the most frequently asked questions and answers related to exposure factors. The following questions and answers have been compiled from inquiries made by users of the Exposure Factors Handbook. These questions and answers provide general information ...

312

Questions and Answers About Nuclear Power Plants.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pamphlet is designed to answer many of the questions that have arisen about nuclear power plants and the environment. It is organized into a question and answer format, with the questions taken from those most often asked by the public. Topics include regulation of nuclear power sources, potential dangers to people's health, whether nuclear…

Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC.

313

Leading questions and the eyewitness report*1  

Microsoft Academic Search

A total of 490 subjects, in four experiments, saw films of complex, fast-moving events, such as automobile accidents or classroom disruptions. The purpose of these experiments was to investi- gate how the wording of questions asked immediately after an event may influence responses to questions asked considerably later. It is shown that when the initial question contains either true presuppositions

Elizabeth F. Loftus

1975-01-01

314

Intelligent Question Bank and Examination System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Question bank can be described as the databank that keeps all the examination questions whether pre-existing or created by user while web based examination system is an online assessment tool that used to evaluate students' performance. In this paper, we develop and implement an online Intelligent Question Bank and Examination System (IQBAES), which make use of open source technology. This

ANG TAN FONG; HU HENG SIEW; LIP YEE; LIEW CHEE SUN

2006-01-01

315

Questioning and Teaching. A Manual of Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Questions and questioning play a major role in both formal and informal educative processes. They are the means by which a child expresses the desire to understand the world outside and they subsequently become the means by which a teacher assesses whether or not a child has satisfactorily assimilated something. This book considers questions from…

Dillon, J. T.

316

OPEN QUESTIONS IN REVERSE MATHEMATICS ANTONIO MONTALBAN  

E-print Network

]. There are still some unanswered questions from that paper, and I will cite a few here. This paper is not intendedOPEN QUESTIONS IN REVERSE MATHEMATICS ANTONIO MONTALB´AN 1. Introduction The objective of this paper is to provide a source of open questions in reverse mathematics and to point to areas where

Montalbán, Antonio

317

Developing Qualitative Research Questions: A Reflective Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The reflective and interrogative processes required for developing effective qualitative research questions can give shape and direction to a study in ways that are often underestimated. Good research questions do not necessarily produce good research, but poorly conceived or constructed questions will likely create problems that affect all…

Agee, Jane

2009-01-01

318

On a question of Pereira Moti Gitik  

E-print Network

On a question of Pereira Moti Gitik School of Mathematical Sciences Raymond and Beverly Sackler a question of Pereira we show that it is possible to have a model violating the Singular Cardinal Hypothesis, then for some Pereira for asking an interesting question and his

Gitik, Moti

319

Genetic screening; Medical promise amid legal and ethical questions  

SciTech Connect

As efforts gear up to map and sequence the human genome, increasing attention is being focused on the ethical, social and legal issues raised by the acquisition and use of genetic information. Several types of genetic screening carried out in a variety of settings hold enormous potential for improving health care. But such screening also poses an array of questions that are only now being addressed. Other applications of humanity's newfound and rapidly growing ability to peer into the genetic makeup of an individual also have serious implications. Use of so-called DNA fingerprinting, for instance, troubles some observers who question the reliability of such analyses carried out on a large scale and who worry about the effects on civil liberties of widespread genetic testing for identification purposes. The author discusses how genetic screening for medical purposes, though, seems to raise a broader array of difficult questions than do other uses of genetic information.

Baum, R.M. (C and EN, San Francisco, CA (US))

1989-08-01

320

Photovoltaics - A question of efficiency  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The current state and requirements for large scale use of photovoltaic cells are examined. Annual sales are presently 4 MW, going primarily to remote communications installations, railway controls, navigation aids, and communications equipment on offshore oil platforms. With a goal of mass-production of cells yielding power at 0.70 cents/W, research programs are investigating crystalline Si, thin film CdS cells, amorphous Si films, etc. Cell module losses include defective cells, faulty wiring, uneven production quality, and losses in efficiency at higher temperatures. Higher efficiencies using cheaper cells are being investigated by doping amorphous cells with hydrogen, by laser recrystallization of thin film surfaces, or by employing more expensive cells in concentrator configurations. Utility applications are examined, noting that the ultimate goal is for modular units for home use.

Whitaker, R.

1981-12-01

321

Factors that influence exercise participation amoung older adults  

E-print Network

factors of exercise participation. Procedure Questionnaires containing Likert scale items related to self-efficacy, attitude toward exercise and health, exercise control beliefs, and the open-ended questions "why do you exercise" and "why do you...

Murphey, Kristina Kile

2012-06-07

322

The Planck Scale Underpinning for Space Time  

E-print Network

We provide a rationale for the Planck scale being the minimum scale in the universe, as also its specific numerical values. In the process we answer the question of why the Planck scale is $10^{20}$ times the Compton scale of elementary particles. These considerations show how the Planck scale provides an underpinning for space time.

Burra G. Sidharth

2005-09-03

323

Planetary protection - some legal questions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

When we legally investigate the topic of Planetary Protection, we have to realise that there are primarily two very distinct parts of our juridical work: We have to study lex lata, the existing applicable Law, especially Space Law, and also lex ferenda, what should be the law. With this in mind, we have to deliberate the legal meaning of "Planetary", and of "Protection". About "Planetary": Our own Earth is the most important planet. At present only here do exist human beings, who are sensu strictu the only legal subjects. We make the law, we have to apply it, and we are to be protected as well as bound by it. Then, we have to discuss what is further meant by "Planetary": Is it planets in an astronomical sense only, the nine planets which revolve around our fixed star, namely the sun, or is it also satellites, moving around most of these planets, as our own Moon circles Earth. "The Moon and other Celestial Bodies (C.B)" are subject to Space Law, especially to International Treaties, Agreements, Resolutions of the UN etc. I propose that they and not only the planets in an strictly astronomical sense are to be protected. But I do not think that the said notion also comprises asteroids, comets, meteorites etc. although they too belong to our solar system. Our investigation comes to the result that such bodies have a different (lesser) legal quality. Also we have to ask Protection from what? From: Natural bodies - Meteorites, NEO Asteroids, Comets which could hit Earth or C.B. Artificial Objects: Space Debris threatening especially Earth and near Earth orbits. Terrestrial Life - no infection of other celestial bodies. Alien life forms which could bring about "harmful contamination" of Earth and the life, above all human life, there etc. Here, astrobiological questions have to be discussed. Special realms on C.B. which should be protected from Electronic "Noise" such as craters SAHA or Deadalus on the Moon, also taking into account the "Common Heritage" Principle. Then we have to examine: Protection where, of whom and of what: On Earth: Humans, other life forms, but also all man made things as well as air, water, soil. On Other celestial bodies: Crew of manned Space Missions, Stations on C.B., possible alien life forms, or remnants of such, water, other environment on C.B.- even if completely barren? Protection of C.B. from becoming "an area of international conflict" Finally we have to discuss overriding interests, such as deflection of Asteroids which threaten to hit Earth, then the legally permitted "Use" of C.B., also mining versus protection, and too high costs of absolutely sterile Spacecraft etc. With this we have de lege ferenda to create an order of values of protection as follows, whereby the protection of the higher category has priority over the lesser ones: 1)Human life, be it on Earth or beyond it, 2)Other terrestrial life, 3)Inanimate terrestrial environment, 4)Possible life forms or their remnants on the Moon or other C.B., 5)The natural environment of the Moon and other C.B., 6)Asteroids, Meteorites, Comets etc.

Fasan, E.

324

Planetary protection - some legal questions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

When we legally investigate the topic of Planetary Protection, we have to realise that there are primarily two very distinct parts of our juridical work: We have to study lexlata, theexistingapplicableLaw, especially Space Law, and also lexferenda, whatshouldbethe law . With this in mind, we have to deliberate the legal meaning of the notions "Planetary", and "Protection". About " Planetary": Our own Earth is our most important planet. At present only here do exist human beings, who are sensu strictu the only legal subjects. We make the law, we have to apply it, and we are to be protected as well as bound by it. But what is further meant by "Planetary"? Is it planets in an astronomical sense only, the nine planets which revolve around our fixed star, namely the sun, or is it also satellites, moving around most of these planets, as our own Moon circles Earth. "The Moon and other Celestial Bodies (C.B.)" are subject to Space Law, especially to International Treaties, Agreements, Resolutions of the UN, etc. I propose that they and not only the planets in an strictly astronomical sense are to be protected. But I do not think that the said notion also comprises asteroids, comets, meteorites, etc. although they too belong to our solar system. Our investigation comes to the result that such bodies have a different (lesser) legal quality. Also we have to ask Protectionfrom what ? From: Natural bodies - Meteorites, NEO Asteroids, Comets which could hit Earth or C.B.Artificial Objects: Space Debris threatening especially Earth and near Earth orbits.Terrestrial Life - no infection of other celestial bodies. Alien life forms which could bring about "harmful contamination" of Earth and the life, above all human life, there, etc. Here, astrobiological questions have to be discussed. Special realms on C.B. which should be protected from electronic "noise" such as craters SAHA or Deadalus on the Moon, also taking into account the "Common Heritage" Principle. Then, we have to examine: Protectionwhere, of whom andofwhat: On Earth: Humans, and nature, namely other life forms, air, water and soil, but also all man made things. On Other celestial bodies: Crew of manned Space Missions, Stations on C.B., possible alien life forms, or remnants of such, water, other environment on C.B. - even if completely barren? Protection of C.B. from becoming "an area of international conflict". Finally, we have to discuss overriding interests, such as deflection of Asteroids which threaten to hit Earth, then the legally permitted "Use" of C.B., also mining versus protection, then, too high costs of absolutely sterile Spacecraft, etc. With this, we have de lege ferenda to create an order of values of protection, whereby the protection of the higher category has priority over the lesser ones.

Fasan, E.

2004-01-01

325

A Response to the Question of Elitism: Elitism, Open and Shut.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews Ralph Smith's article "The Question of Elitism." Questions Smith's criteria for excellence and his assertion that art must be judged by a single, absolute scale. Argues that populism is pervasive in all aspects of American life and that elitism is deadening to culture. (BSR)

Reimer, Bennett

1987-01-01

326

150 Student Questions on Solar Physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Center for Integrated Space Weather Modeling (CISM) holds a two-week Space Weather Summer School for introductory graduate students and space weather professionals to gain a system level understanding of the space environment and the effects of space weather. A typical day in the summer school consists of three morning lectures followed by an afternoon lab session. After the morning lectures, the participants are each asked to submit a question about the mornings topics on a question card. The lecturers then take the time to answer these questions prior to afternoon sessions. In the last 5 years over 1000 such question cards have been collected and cataloged. Despite detailed lectures by experts similar questions appear every year. We have analyzed over 150 questions related to the introductory lectures on solar physics and solar activity. Questions content was categorized using the AGU Index, and question sophistication was categorized using Bloom’s Taxonomy of Educational Objectives. Specific analysis results along with lists of questions will be presented. We hope that these results can be used to improve the lecture and classroom content and allow students to move beyond low level education objectives and ask more sophisticated questions.

Lopez, R. E.; Gross, N. A.; Knipp, D. J.

2010-12-01

327

Personal knowledge questions for fallback authentication: security questions in the era of Facebook  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT Security questions (or challenge questions) are commonly used to authenticate users who,have lost their passwords. We examined the password retrieval mechanisms for a num- ber of personal banking websites, and found that many of them rely in part on security questions with serious usability and security weaknesses. We discuss patterns in the secu- rity questions we observed. We argue

Ariel Rabkin

2008-01-01

328

Hard Questions 1 When Hard Questions are Asked: Evaluating Writing Centers  

E-print Network

Hard Questions 1 When Hard Questions are Asked: Evaluating Writing Centers James H. Bell University of Northern British Columbia 3333 University Way Prince George, BC Canada V2N 4Z9 RUNNING HEAD: Hard Questions Reading and Learning. Thank you to three reviewers for their revision suggestions. #12;Hard Questions 2

Northern British Columbia, University of

329

Good Question! Statistical Ranking for Question Generation Michael Heilman Noah A. Smith  

E-print Network

Good Question! Statistical Ranking for Question Generation Michael Heilman Noah A. Smith Language,nasmith}@cs.cmu.edu Abstract We address the challenge of automatically generating questions from reading materials, we focus on question generation (QG) for the creation of educational materials for read- ing practice

Eskenazi, Maxine

330

Children's questions: a mechanism for cognitive development.  

PubMed

Preschoolers' questions may play an important role in cognitive development. When children encounter a problem with their current knowledge state (a gap in their knowledge, some ambiguity they do not know how to resolve, some inconsistency they have detected), asking a question allows them to get targeted information exactly when they need it. This information is available to them when they are particularly receptive to it, and because it comes as the result of their own disequilibrium, it may have depth of processing benefits. In that questions allow children to get information they need to move their knowledge structures closer to adult-like states, the ability to ask questions to gather needed information constitutes an efficient mechanism for cognitive development (referred to in this paper as the Information Requesting Mechanism [IRM]; this term is used because it includes question-asking and other information recruiting behaviors such as gestures, expressions, and vocalizations). However, the role of children's questions in their cognitive development has been largely overlooked. If questions are a force in cognitive development, the following must be true: (1) children must actually ask questions that gather information; (2) children must receive informative answers to their questions if they are able to be of use to cognitive development; (3) children must be motivated to get the information they request, rather than asking questions for other purposes such as attention; (4) the questions children ask must be relevant and of potential use to their cognitive development; (5) we must see evidence that children's questions help them in some way-that is, that they can ask questions for a purpose, and use the information they receive purposefully to successfully achieve some change of knowledge state. This monograph reports data on these points. Study 1 analyzed questions taken from four children's transcripts in the CHILDES database (age 1;2-5;1). This methodology allowed detailed, veridical analysis of every question asked by the children during their recording sessions. Results indicate that children ask many information-seeking questions and get informative answers. When they do not get an informative response, they keep asking; attention is not enough. Results also indicate that the content of children's questions parallel their conceptual advances, and shift within an exchange and over the course of development to reflect the learning process. So, these data suggest that the components of the IRM are in place and are used by children from very early in development, and the information they seek changes with time. Study 2 asked whether preverbal children who are not yet asking linguistic questions can recruit information via gestures, expressions, and vocalizations, in addition to further investigating the linguistic questions of older children. This study analyzed questions from a cross-sectional diary study, kept by 68 parents of their children's questions (aged 1;0-5;0). Also, this methodology allowed for data collection over a large number of children, a large range of situational contexts, and allows for the collection of low frequency, high-salience events. Results from Study 2 suggest that all of the components of the IRM are in place, and extends these findings down to younger, preverbal children who recruit information using gesture and vocalizations. Study 3 investigated the questions asked in one specific domain, biological knowledge, and examined the impact that different stimulus types have on children's questions. This study gathered data from 112 parent/child dyads (children aged 2, 3, and 4 years) walking through one of three zoos (one with real animals, one with drawings of animals, and one with three-dimensional replicas of animals), looking at the animals together. Results from this study also suggest that all of the components of the IRM are in place from the earliest age, further supporting the findings from Studies 1 and 2. In addition, while children still ask many nonbiological questions a

Chouinard, Michael M

2007-01-01

331

How to... Ask the Right Questions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Questions, questions, questions! They are a large part of a teacher's stock-in-trade. We use questions to help students review, to check on comprehension, to stimulate critical thinking, to encourage creativity, to emphasize a point, to control classroom activities, reduce disruptive behavior, to help determine grades, to encourage discussion, to discourage inattentiveness, and for other reasons and purposes. Questioning style and content varies from teacher to teacher, student group to student group, and situation to situation. The aim of this "How to�" booklet is to help you focus on a common teaching activity--the asking of questions. To illustrate some of the classifications and concepts discussed, excerpts from a videotaped lesson to third graders on magnetism appears at the end of this booklet.

Blosser, Patricia E.

2000-01-01

332

Some unanswered questions in fluid mechanics  

SciTech Connect

Perhaps a hundred questions are imbedded in this collection. It is an experiment that brings together the contributions of many people. Questions are not widely used in the authors literature. The typical paper in fluid mechanics, or in science and engineering generally, contains not a single question. Some people are clearly reluctant to pose questions for which they have no answers. But the absence of questions is also in part because they are not part of their profession's tradition. Not so in mathematics, where the first question column in a magazine appeared 250 years ago. The custom continues today, e.g. as a regular column in the American Mathematical Monthly. A major hope behind the assembling of the questions in this paper is that they may bring into focus some of the unresolved problem in fluid mechanics. Another hope, of course, is that questions from a variety of fields may stimulate the kind of interdisciplinary ideas juxtaposition has so often spawned in the past. Finally, the authors are curious as to whether questions are potentially more useful or less useful than their current frequency of occurrence indicates.

Trefethen, L.M. (Tufts Univ., Medford, MA (United States)); Panton, R.L. (Univ. of Texas, Austin (United States))

1990-08-01

333

Pre-Lab Questions For Introductory Physics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These simulation-based interactive question sets are pre-lab questions for the first and second semesters of an introductory physics lab at Kennesaw State University. The pre-lab questions for the first semester cover a wide range of introductory laboratories, including vectors, gravity, projectile motion, Newton's laws, conservation of energy and momentum, and pendular motion. Second semester pre-lab questions cover laboratories for capacitors, the Wheatstone bridge and Ohm's law, resistive circuits, magnetism, induction, LRC circuits, Snell's law, lenses, and double slit interference, and diffraction.

Mzoughi, Taha

2008-07-01

334

The Role of Scales in Student Ratings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Questions used in course evaluations should mainly measure the quality of teaching, and students' answers to those questions should not be influenced by other factors. This paper investigates how seemingly neutral rating scales and multiple-choice questions might have an impact on the results of such evaluations. In several studies, it has been…

Sedlmeier, Peter

2006-01-01

335

Scaling up Psycholinguistics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation contains several projects, each addressing different questions with different techniques. In chapter 1, I argue that they are unified thematically by their goal of "scaling up psycholinguistics"; they are all aimed at analyzing large data-sets using tools that reveal patterns to propose and test mechanism-neutral hypotheses about…

Smith, Nathaniel J.

2011-01-01

336

Teaching Dystopias: The Value of Religious Questioning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that a true general education should encourage the exploration of religious questions. Describes the author's use of works showing dystopian societies based on existing values, such as Huxley's "Brave New World," to encourage students to rethink their assumptions and develop openness toward the questions that religions address. (22…

Seabury, Marcia Bundy

1995-01-01

337

Questionnaire Design: Asking Questions with a Purpose  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This short document guides the user through the stages of creating and implementing an effective questionnaire. The types of questions and how they should be worded are addressed, and many good examples of the different types of questions that could go into a questionnaire are presented. This resource is intended for novice evaluators.

Taylor-Powell, Ellen

1998-05-01

338

Self-Questioning Instructional Research: A Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies in self-questioning designed to improve students' prose processing are reviewed in the context of three theoretical perspectives: active processing perspective, metacognitive theory, and schema theory. The effects of self-questioning training on students' prose processing seem successful. Constraints of content knowledge and metacognitive…

Wong, Bernice Y. L.

1985-01-01

339

Biomedical Questions on Water Pollution Databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

A recent question on acid rain toxicity motivated this informal look at SDC's WATERLIT and DIALOG'S Water Resources Abstracts. Thc same question was Iormulated for comparison on BIOSIS. The data bases were examined for ease of access to the indexing through key citations. The scope of the two water databases is discussed from the perspective of biomedical queries.

Nancy G. Bruce

1983-01-01

340

Mental Models of Research: Generating Authentic Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we question how we might disrupt positivist research paradigms that preclude students from engaging and experiencing ownership in the research process. We question what we, as professors, could do to facilitate the transition from traditional research reporting to a disposition of inquiry that allows for ambiguity and discovery in…

Donham, Jean; Heinrich, Jill A.; Bostwick, Kerry A.

2010-01-01

341

[Questions about the Part H Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Directed to the state lead agency directors, the memorandum from the Office of Special Education Programs answers questions concerning implementation of Part H of the EHA, Education of the Handicapped Act, the Early Intervention Program for Infants and Toddlers with Handicaps. The following questions are addressed: (1) Can a child who is counted…

Bellamy, G. Thomas

342

Question Asking and the Teaching of Writing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper argues that provocative questions can be used by teachers to help students write. Described are a series of questions drawn from rhetorical theory, such as "How many times can I change focus so as to get the most complete understanding of a topic?""When does X occur?""Why does X occur?" and "What does X cause or prompt?" Several…

Odell, Lee

343

Asking Good Questions & Promoting Discourse (Part 1)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This brief NCTM article ( and Part 2 cataloged separately) presents tips on asking good questions and promoting discourse, which is an integral part of the teaching and learning in a classroom. The article includes suggestions on how teachers can improve their questioning techniques as well as how they respond to student discourse.

2013-01-01

344

Academic Oversight: Asking Questions, Building Bridges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The best way for trustees to fully understand and fulfill their responsibility to ensure that their institution is providing quality education and meeting academic goals is by asking appropriate questions. Collaboration among trustees, faculty members, and administrators is essential to framing questions from a strategic perspective. Just the act…

Wilson, E. B.

2011-01-01

345

41 Papers on Tensegrity Some Questions  

E-print Network

41 Papers on Tensegrity Highlights Some Questions Home Page Title Page Page 1 of 79 Go Back Full of Tensegrity Brigitte Servatius #12;41 Papers on Tensegrity Highlights Some Questions Home Page Title Page Page. 41 Papers on Tensegrity 1 Tensegrity Frameworks, Roth, Whiteley, 1981 2 On generic rigidity

Servatius, Brigitte

346

Fixed-Response Questions with a Difference.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers three types of fixed-response questions that are designed to overcome drawbacks appearing in the conventional forms of fixed-response questions such as not allowing the examiner to investigate reasoning, background, or prevent guessing. (Contains 14 references.) (Author/YDS)

Johnstone, Alex H.; Ambusaidi, Abdullah

2002-01-01

347

Questions for Collaboration: Lessons from Reggio Emilia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies questions teachers are learning to ask themselves and each other as they move toward a negotiated, co-constructed and systematic approach that places documentation at the heart of an emergent curriculum. Discusses these questions in terms of documentation, discourse, and design, three components that define a dynamic system of learning…

Fyfe, Brenda

1998-01-01

348

Concealed Questions. In Search of Answers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation examines the semantic interpretation of various types of DPs in so-called concealed-question (CQ) constructions, as "Bill's phone number" in the sentence "John knows Bill's phone number". The peculiar characteristic of DP-CQs is that they are interpreted as having the meaning of an embedded question. So, for instance, the…

Frana, Ilaria

2010-01-01

349

NCI Director Discusses the Provocative Questions Project  

Cancer.gov

NCI Director Discusses the Provocative Questions Project NCI Director Discusses the Provocative Questions Project You will need Adobe Flash Player 8 or later and JavaScript enabled to view this video. You can view the movie here NCI Director Harold Varmus,

350

Lunar interferometric astronomy: Some basic questions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The author examines some basic questions as to why there should be astronomical facilities on the far side of the moon. The questions are ones of appropriateness, i.e., is this a proper use for human resources, what the real goals are, and are the present concepts the best match for the goals.

Woolf, Neville

1992-01-01

351

The Effects of Questioning on Thinking Processes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effects of self-generated questions and external questions on thinking processes. Thirty-three college students acted as investigators in a computer simulation of a Congressional investigation into the Pearl Harbor attack. The simulation--known as "The Attack on Pearl Harbor: Cloud of Mystery?"--presented the background…

Shiang, Ching-Pyng; McDaniel, Ernest

352

Children's Questions: A Mechanism for Cognitive Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preschoolers' questions may play an important role in cognitive development. When children encounter a problem with their current knowledge state (a gap in their knowledge, some ambiguity they do not know how to resolve, some inconsistency they have detected), asking a question allows them to get targeted information exactly when they need it.…

Chouinard, Michelle M.

2007-01-01

353

Developing Offline Strategies for Answering Medical Questions  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe ongoing developments on two offline strategies for automatically answering questions in the medical domain: one based on an analysis of the document structure, the other based on dependency parsing. We highlight differences with open domain question answering, and provide a preliminary evaluation of the current state of our strategies. Copyright (c) 2005, American Association for Artificial Intelligence (www.aaai.org).

E. F. Tjong Kim Sang; G. Bouma; Rijke de M

2005-01-01

354

"Wh"-Questions in the English Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyzes "wh"-questions in the English Language based mainly on Chomsky's Minimalist Programme of transformational grammar as the theoretical model. The four main objectives of this paper are as follows: first, it undertakes a cross linguistic typological analysis of "wh"-questions and it then discusses the derivation of…

Mowarin, Macaulay

2011-01-01

355

What Is a Good Guiding Question?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many cherished school curriculum units are intellectually weak and fragmented because of confusion about what students are supposed to learn. A key component missing from curriculum design is the guiding question--the fundamental query directing the search for understanding. Such questions are neither leading nor generic but are succinct,…

Traver, Rob

1998-01-01

356

Can automated questioning help children's reading comprehension?  

E-print Network

. The choices consist of the missing word plus three distractor words. E.g. Why bother about _____? Choices a randomly inserted generic multiple-choice What/Where/When question, children were likelier to correctly a multiple choice question. It displays a prompt and a menu of choices, and reads them both aloud

Mostow, Jack

357

Processing the Curriculum through Quality Questioning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this inquiry-based project, student-generated questions became the basis for student-directed individual and group projects that provided practice with problem solving, critical thinking, and research skills while digging deeper into the Earth science curriculum. The author used her students' high-level questions to provide relevance,…

Gregerson, Jessica

2011-01-01

358

Debugging by asking questions about program output  

Microsoft Academic Search

One reason debugging is the most time-consuming part of software development is because developers struggle to map their questions about a program's behavior onto debugging tools' limited support for analyzing code. Interrogative debugging is a new debugging paradigm that allows developers to ask questions directly about their programs' output, helping them to more efficiently and accurately determine what parts of

Andrew Jensen Ko

2006-01-01

359

Privacy Questions from Practicing School Nurses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Question and Answer (Q&A) article addresses practice issues related to school health records and school nursing documentation that were posed by school nurses in the field. Specifically, the questions addressed concern the following: education records, medication privacy issues, sharing of sensitive health information, privacy of individual…

Bergren, Martha Dewey

2004-01-01

360

Questions to Ask Your Liability Insurance Broker  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses some important questions to ask an insurance broker regarding liability insurance. The author based these questions on his interviews with Kathryn Hammerback, Craig Hammer, and Mike North: (1) Are centers covered when...?; (2) How can a center director cut costs on this policy?; (3) Is this an "occurrence" or a "claims-made"…

Neugebauer, Roger

2006-01-01

361

Focus Questions: The Engines of Lessons.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that teachers can easily structure social studies lessons to enhance students' thinking skills by using carefully structured focus questions. States that such questions--often beginning with such words as "is,""could,""should," does," and "can,"--go beyond asking for simple recall of facts or shallow explanation, to requesting the solution…

Killoran, James

1987-01-01

362

Happiness Scale Interval Study. Methodological Considerations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Happiness Scale Interval Study deals with survey questions on happiness, using verbal response options, such as "very happy" and "pretty happy". The aim is to estimate what degrees of happiness are denoted by such terms in different questions and languages. These degrees are expressed in numerical values on a continuous [0,10] scale, which are…

Kalmijn, W. M.; Arends, L. R.; Veenhoven, R.

2011-01-01

363

Pattern Scaling in Quasihexagonal Fracture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quasihexagonal fracture processes in nature produce such interesting geophysical phenomena as columnar jointing and ice-wedge polygons. The Giant`s Causeway is an example of the former, while surface polygons on Mars may be an example of the latter. This pattern has been observed across eight orders of magnitute in scale, prompting the obvious question as to what sets the absolute scale

L. Goehring; L. Zhenquan; S. W. Morris

2004-01-01

364

Questionnaire Design: Asking Questions with a Purpose  

E-print Network

favor legalization of marijuana for use in private homes but not in public places?? Respondents have no way to say whether they favor both places, oppose both places, oppose home but favor public use or oppose legalization as a concept in general. Ask... about legalization of marijuana in the home and in public places separately. ? Avoid bias in questions. Such questions influence people to respond in a way that does not accurately reflect their position. A question can be biased in several ways: It can...

Pope, Paul; Boleman, Chris; Cummings, Scott

2005-08-31

365

Considering Children's Questions at Group Time: Let Children's Questions and Curiosity Lead Your Group Time Explorations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Often children's questions are about the things they observe. The beauty of using children's questions about life to inspire discussions is that it invites children to work collectively toward a common goal. This article describes the process of using children's questions to facilitate great group time interactions. The process starts where the…

Church, Ellen Booth

2007-01-01

366

Beginning EFL Teachers' Beliefs about Quality Questions and Their Questioning Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Motivated by the scarcity of research that examines the impact of teacher beliefs on their actual practices in Vietnam, this study investigated the relationship between teachers' beliefs about quality questions and their questioning behaviours in terms of questioning purposes, content focus, students' cognitive level, wording and syntax.…

Pham, Ly Ngoc Khanh; Hamid, M. Obaidul

2013-01-01

367

Great Question! Question Quality in Community Q&A Sujith Ravi  

E-print Network

the time and we seek answers by hook or crook. In fact, in almost every human endeavor, progress is made of a question is a function of the collective benefits a com- munity derives from it, the quality of a question for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (www.aaai.org). All rights reserved. questions (with not

Cortes, Corinna

368

Conceptual Change Text versus Traditional Text and Application Questions versus No Questions in Learning about Electricity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effects of conceptual change text and application questions in 139 college students' learning of electricity concepts were investigated. The experiment was a 2X2X2X2 factorial. Compared to traditional text and no questions, conceptual change text and application questions, respectively, improved acquisition of qualitative concepts.…

Wang, Tianyu; Andre, Thomas

1991-01-01

369

Guest Lecture THE QUESTION OF JOB  

E-print Network

on the Study of Religion. Earlier, he taught in departments of religion or Near Eastern studies at Case Western of progressively undermining what it says. The question, then, is whe- ther anything is left to say after

Kaus, Boris

370

Evolutionary Psychology Controversies, Questions, Prospects, and Limitations  

E-print Network

. Buss University of Texas at Austin Evolutionary psychology has emerged over the past 15 yearsEvolutionary Psychology Controversies, Questions, Prospects, and Limitations Jaime C. Confer from misunderstandings about the logic of evolutionary psychology; and some from rea- sonable

Pillow, Jonathan

371

Questions and Answers about High Blood Pressure  

MedlinePLUS

... High Blood Pressure Questions and Answers About High Blood Pressure What is high blood pressure? Blood pressure is the force of blood ... a doctor. Am I at risk for high blood pressure? Anyone can develop high blood pressure. But ...

372

A Response to the Question of Elitism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Points out that Ralph Smith's article, "A Question of Elitism," offers useful distinctions for advancing the cause of elitism in education. Contends that excellence and democratic values are indeed compatible. (BSR)

Hausman, Jerome J.

1987-01-01

373

A Response to the Question of Elitism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responds to Ralph Smith's essay, "The Question of Elitism," by arguing that translating the skills of critical thinking and value criteria to the classroom is problematic. Offers an analysis of why these skills are difficult to teach. (BSR)

Rideout, Roger

1987-01-01

374

Questions and Answers: Smallpox Vaccine and Monkeypox  

MedlinePLUS

... 404) 639-3311 Monkeypox Home > QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS Smallpox Vaccine and Monkeypox Download PDF version formatted for ... 132 KB/2 pages) How effective is the smallpox vaccine in preventing monkeypox? Past data from Africa ...

375

Pertussis (Whooping Cough) Outbreaks: Questions and Answers  

MedlinePLUS

... Treatment Prevention Adults Parents-to-be Infants & Children Preteens & Teens Travelers Healthcare Personnel Frequently Asked Questions Photos ... the 11-12 year old check up. For Preteens and Teens: Vaccine protection for pertussis, tetanus, and ...

376

Negative answers to some positivity questions  

E-print Network

We construct counterexamples to a number of questions related to positivity properties of line bundles on algebraic varieties. The examples are based on studying the geometry of varieties that admit pseudo automorphisms ...

Lesieutre, John

2014-01-01

377

Investigating Evolutionary Questions Using Online Molecular Databases.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recommends using online molecular databases as teaching tools to illustrate evolutionary questions and concepts while introducing students to public molecular databases. Provides activities in which students make molecular comparisons between species. (YDS)

Puterbaugh, Mary N.; Burleigh, J. Gordon

2001-01-01

378

Different Questions, Different Methods of Study  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students will learn that scientists not only do controlled experiment but other forms of investigations. Different types of questions lead to different types of investigations. Not all scientific knowledge is obtained through experimentation.

Admin, Admin

2011-10-07

379

Similar Density Questions with Very Different Results  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While developing a standardized fluids assessment covering buoyancy and pressure, we discovered deficiencies in student understanding of density. In particular, many college students do not recognize that density is a fixed property of a solid substance, such as aluminum or gold. We added questions to our diagnostic exam to probe the extent of student difficulties. In one of our questions, only 50-60% of students (depending upon class) recognize that the density of gold is a fixed value. When similar questions from an existing diagnostic¹ are used, however, 88-100% of students correctly identify the density of a piece of wood and of a diamond as fixed values. In this paper we discuss the differences between these questions and how those differences affect student responses. ¹ Yeendâs Density Survey.

Lindow, Ashley; Carbone, Elizabeth; Wagner, Doris J.

2014-02-01

380

Frequently Asked Questions about Digital Mammography  

MedlinePLUS

... Interest Articles Other Resources Frequently Asked Questions About Digital Mammography The following Q&As provide information for consumers about Digital Mammography. F requently A sked Q uestions: What is ...

381

Questions and Answers about Ebola and Pets  

MedlinePLUS

... Travelers Healthcare Workers More Questions and Answers about Ebola and Pets Language: English Español Share Compartir ... the United States. How are animals involved in Ebola outbreaks? Because the natural reservoir host of Ebola ...

382

Questions to Ask My Healthcare Team  

MedlinePLUS

... Best Care? Understanding Treatment Options Clinical Trials New Treatment Directions Side Effect Management Questions to Ask My Healthcare Team ©2014, Lung Cancer Alliance HelpLine: 800-298-2436 (US only); 202- ...

383

Get Answers to Common Questions About...  

Cancer.gov

Get Answers to Common Questions About... Biological Specimens Drug Availability, Labeling and Distribution Ethics Indemnity Insurance Planning Clinical Trials and Navigating Regulatory Requirements Protocols Quality Assurance and Monitoring Software

384

Heart Failure Questions to Ask Your Doctor  

MedlinePLUS

... Pressure High Blood Pressure Tools & Resources Stroke More Heart Failure Questions to Ask Your Doctor Updated:Apr 2, ... content was last reviewed on 08/20/2012." Heart Failure News Read the latest heart failure related news. ...

385

Earthquake Hazards Program: Frequently Asked Questions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This frequently-asked-questions feature deals with the relationship between earthquakes, faults, and plate tectonics; myths about earthquakes; effects and experiences; preparedness; and many other topics. The page includes a collection of links which may aid in geology instruction.

2012-04-11

386

Police Questioning of Law Abiding Citizens  

Microsoft Academic Search

Police Questioning of Law Abiding Citizens\\u000aFor a member of one of the most staid occupations, I have had a disturbing number of encounters with the police. I can count nine or ten times that I have been stopped and questioned in the past few years -almost enough to qualify me as an adjunct member of the Mafia. Most recently,

Charles A. Reich

1966-01-01

387

On the Question, “What is Law?”  

Microsoft Academic Search

Re-framing discussion of the question, “What is law?“ in terms of the contexts in which the whole question makes sense allows\\u000a us to see that jurisprudence is about boundary disputes concerning law – that is about what should count as law – and about\\u000a responses to attacks on the value of law. Concern for these two issues constitutes the boundary

David Howarth

2000-01-01

388

A control question test oriented towards students.  

PubMed

Control Question Tests were altered for 12 of 24 students who were examined with a polygraph about a mock crime which half of them had committed. The altered tests substituted control questions about students' cheating and plagiarism for the standard questions about crime issues. Responses to the altered tests were compared with those from tests using regular control questions which are usually about criminal issues. All tests were conducted by a professor. Detection scores derived from response magnitudes of skin resistance differed between innocent (M = 2.0) and guilty participants (M = -1.9). Guilt and innocence interacted with the type of test. Those examined with control questions oriented towards students scored as more innocent when actually innocent (M = 4.3) than guilty students examined with the student form (M = -3.0) or the crime form (M = -0.8) of the test and innocent students (M = -0.3) examined with control questions oriented towards crimes. The discussion is augmented by results from a direct analysis of magnitude of scores. PMID:9842625

Bradley, M T; Black, M E

1998-10-01

389

Global parallel unification for large question-answering systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An efficient means of storing data in a first-order predicate calculus theorem-proving system is described. The data structure is oriented for large scale question-answering (QA) systems. An algorithm is outlined which uses the data structure to unify a given literal in parallel against all literals in all clauses in the data base. The data structure permits a compact representation of data within a QA system. Some suggestions are made for heuristics which can be used to speed-up the unification algorithm in systems.

Auguston, J. G.; Minker, J.

1974-01-01

390

A concept for major incident triage: full-scaled simulation feasibility study  

PubMed Central

Background Efficient management of major incidents involves triage, treatment and transport. In the absence of a standardised interdisciplinary major incident management approach, the Norwegian Air Ambulance Foundation developed Interdisciplinary Emergency Service Cooperation Course (TAS). The TAS-program was established in 1998 and by 2009, approximately 15 500 emergency service professionals have participated in one of more than 500 no-cost courses. The TAS-triage concept is based on the established triage Sieve and Paediatric Triage Tape models but modified with slap-wrap reflective triage tags and paediatric triage stretchers. We evaluated the feasibility and accuracy of the TAS-triage concept in full-scale simulated major incidents. Methods The learners participated in two standardised bus crash simulations: without and with competence of TAS-triage and access to TAS-triage equipment. The instructors calculated triage accuracy and measured time consumption while the learners participated in a self-reported before-after study. Each question was scored on a 7-point Likert scale with points labelled "Did not work" (1) through "Worked excellent" (7). Results Among the 93 (85%) participating emergency service professionals, 48% confirmed the existence of a major incident triage system in their service, whereas 27% had access to triage tags. The simulations without TAS-triage resulted in a mean over- and undertriage of 12%. When TAS-Triage was used, no mistriage was found. The average time from "scene secured to all patients triaged" was 22 minutes (range 15-32) without TAS-triage vs. 10 minutes (range 5-21) with TAS-triage. The participants replied to "How did interdisciplinary cooperation of triage work?" with mean 4,9 (95% CI 4,7-5,2) before the course vs. mean 5,8 (95% CI 5,6-6,0) after the course, p < 0,001. Conclusions Our modified triage Sieve tool is feasible, time-efficient and accurate in allocating priority during simulated bus accidents and may serve as a candidate for a future national standard for major incident triage. PMID:20701802

2010-01-01

391

Scaling ecology across the continent  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Spatial and Temporal Scaling in Continental-Scale Ecology Workshop; Boulder, Colorado, 11-12 June 2012 Understanding the functional response of ecosystems across multiple spatial and temporal scales is one of the fundamental challenges in ecology. More than 50 researchers attended a June workshop focused on scaling ecological data from local and regional scales to the continental scale hosted by the National Ecological Observatory Network (NEON). The workshop addressed key issues associated with the influence of scale on the interpretation of ecological variation, particularly in the context of continental-scale terrestrial ecology. These questions are particularly relevant to NEON, the first ecological observation platform designed to assess the natural and human causes and the biological consequences of environmental change at large scales.

Kampe, Thomas; Berukoff, Steve

2012-11-01

392

From Question Answering to Visual Exploration  

SciTech Connect

Research in Question Answering has focused on the quality of information retrieval or extraction using the metrics of precision and recall to judge success; these metrics drive toward finding the specific best answer(s) and are best supportive of a lookup type of search. These do not address the opportunity that users? natural language questions present for exploratory interactions. In this paper, we present an integrated Question Answering environment that combines a visual analytics tool for unstructured text and a state-of-the-art query expansion tool designed to compliment the cognitive processes associated with an information analysts work flow. Analysts are seldom looking for factoid answers to simple questions; their information needs are much more complex in that they may be interested in patterns of answers over time, conflicting information, and even related non-answer data may be critical to learning about a problem or reaching prudent conclusions. In our visual analytics tool, questions result in a comprehensive answer space that allows users to explore the variety within the answers and spot related information in the rest of the data. The exploratory nature of the dialog between the user and this system requires tailored evaluation methods that better address the evolving user goals and counter cognitive biases inherent to exploratory search tasks.

McColgin, Dave W.; Gregory, Michelle L.; Hetzler, Elizabeth G.; Turner, Alan E.

2006-08-11

393

Ian Hinchliffe Answers Your Higgs Boson Questions  

SciTech Connect

contingent with the ATLAS experiment at CERN, answers many of your questions about the Higgs boson. Ian invited viewers to send in questions about the Higgs via email, Twitter, Facebook, or YouTube in an "Ask a Scientist" video posted July 3: http://youtu.be/xhuA3wCg06s CERN's July 4 announcement that the ATLAS and CMS experiments at the Large Hadron Collider have discovered a particle "consistent with the Higgs boson" has raised questions about what scientists have found and what still remains to be found -- and what it all means. If you have suggestions for future "Ask a Scientist" videos, post them below or send ideas to askascientist@lbl.gov

Hinchliffe, Ian

2012-01-01

394

Ian Hinchliffe Answers Your Higgs Boson Questions  

ScienceCinema

contingent with the ATLAS experiment at CERN, answers many of your questions about the Higgs boson. Ian invited viewers to send in questions about the Higgs via email, Twitter, Facebook, or YouTube in an "Ask a Scientist" video posted July 3: http://youtu.be/xhuA3wCg06s CERN's July 4 announcement that the ATLAS and CMS experiments at the Large Hadron Collider have discovered a particle "consistent with the Higgs boson" has raised questions about what scientists have found and what still remains to be found -- and what it all means. If you have suggestions for future "Ask a Scientist" videos, post them below or send ideas to askascientist@lbl.gov

Hinchliffe, Ian

2013-05-29

395

Cognitive and emotional reactions to questions in the Comparison Question Test.  

PubMed

The effect of situational factors on perceptions of items on the polygraph Comparison Question Test (CQT) was assessed. In an initial experiment, 86 students (30 men, 56 women; M age = 20.3 yr., SD = 4.0) imagined one of eight scenarios that varied by guilt or innocence, the commission of a real crime or mock crime, and interrogation by a police officer or a professor. They then rated generic CQT questions for importance and emotional concern. All participants rated crime-relevant questions as being more important than past-crime comparison questions. "Guilty" participants also rated these questions as being more emotionally concerning, but "innocent" participants showed no differences in their ratings of concern for the two question types. Interrogator or crime type did not affect the general pattern of responding. A second experiment involving 80 students (21 men, 58 women, 1 non-specified; M age = 22.5 yr., SD = 7.3) replaced the generic CQT questions with content-specific questions developed by the participant. Those imagining guilt showed no differencesin their ratings of relevant and comparison questions, whereas those imagining innocence rated comparison questions as more concerning. Again, interrogator type and crime type had little effect on results. Overall these findings indicated distinctions in cognitive and emotional appraisal for CQT questions, with the nature of emotional concern dependent on guilt/innocence status and the personal relevance of comparison questions. Evidence suggests that the CQT is robust to other situational factors, such as crime type and interrogator type. PMID:24897878

MacNeill, A Luke; Bradley, M T; Cullen, M C; Arsenault, Andrea M

2014-04-01

396

Religion, Democratic Community, and Education: Two Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the mediating role that education plays between religion and democratic community. The paper is situated in the Canadian context and examines this mediation through two questions: First, what is the relationship between religion and education and what is the contribution of this relationship to and within a pluralist society?…

D'Souza, Mario Osbert

2012-01-01

397

Common Interview Questions: Tell me about yourself.  

E-print Network

you/your parents born? What is your religion? What race are you? What type of military dischargeCommon Interview Questions: Tell me about yourself. What are your strengths and weaknesses of the orglorganization? How do you establish a working relationship with new people? What prompted you to study

Zhou, Chongwu

398

Children Ask Questions about West African Art.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a collection of questions that fifth-grade students asked about African artwork and answers provided by staff from the Museum of Fine Arts in Houston, Texas. Observes that students' interest in important visual aspects of the art creates lead-ins to more detailed discussions of West African art and culture. (DSK)

Abercrombie, Denice; Cochran, Mathilda; Mims, Margaret

1997-01-01

399

Questioning Constructionism: Toward an Ethics of Finitude  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article develops an existential-phenomenological critique of the social constructionist movement in psychology, taking its lead from what Kenneth Gergen calls “the most pressing question”: What happens to us when we begin to employ constructionist ideas in our lives? It is suggested that contemporary consumer societies already work according to the logic of social construction and that constructionism already has

Svend Brinkmann

2006-01-01

400

Suicide in America Frequently asked questions  

E-print Network

Family history of a mental disorder or substance abuse Family history of suicide Family violence or jail Being exposed to others' suicidal behavior, such as that of family members, peers, or mediaSuicide in America Frequently asked questions National Institute of Mental Health U.S. Depar

Baker, Chris I.

401

Distance Education Complexities: Questions To Be Answered.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of the development of distance education for instruction and training due to new technologies and software focuses on questions that need to be asked to ensure efficiency and effectiveness. Highlights include institutional and organizational concerns; content design analyses; development issues; implementation; evaluation; management…

Dwyer, Francis; Li, Ning

2000-01-01

402

Questioning the Athlete's Right to Sue.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Questions to a legal expert discuss athletes' right to sue for injuries occurring in inherently dangerous sports. Proposed legislation could establish that injuries are assumed to have occurred from inherent risks, unless it can be proved that they occurred from defendant negligence. (SM)

Lubell, Adele

1989-01-01

403

Some Questions about Feature Re-Assembly  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this commentary, differences between feature re-assembly and feature selection are discussed. Lardiere's proposals are compared to existing approaches to grammatical features in second language (L2) acquisition. Questions are raised about the predictive power of the feature re-assembly approach. (Contains 1 footnote.)

White, Lydia

2009-01-01

404

Mobile Communications Device Allowances Frequently Asked Questions  

E-print Network

Mobile Communications Device Allowances Frequently Asked Questions Q: Why is NC State University-saving measure and to provide more flexibility for employees who must carry a mobile communications device education, state agencies, federal agencies, etc., as well as private corporations. Q: Why is my MCD

405

That's Fast! Questions Section 5.2  

E-print Network

a Peregrine falcon travel faster than a race horse a Peregrine falcon travel faster than a race horse/Class # ____________________ ________________ ____________________ ________________ Level TWO Questions (#4-6) 4. What could go the farthest in a minute, the space shuttle or a meteor

406

Brain Training Draws Questions about Benefits  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While programs to improve students' working memory are among the hottest new education interventions, new studies are calling into question whether exercises to improve this foundational skill can actually translate into greater intelligence, problem-solving ability, or academic achievement. Working memory is the system the mind uses to hold…

Sparks, Sarah D.

2012-01-01

407

Student Learning Commons Questions & Answers for Faculty  

E-print Network

and services are open to all SFU students: undergraduate, graduate, international, mature, EAL/ESL, and othersStudent Learning Commons Questions & Answers for Faculty What is the SFU Student Learning Commons? The Student Learning Commons (SLC), is an academic learning centre which provides peer-based assistance

408

Insistent Questions in Our Learning Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Changes in the content and structure of museum/school programs reveal serious questions about how museums are perceived as essential educational resources. In this article, the author examines this relationship as symptomatic of the continuing marginalization of museums in public policy and recognition and, ultimately, public support. She urges…

Sheppard, Beverly

2010-01-01

409

Answering the Sphinx's Questions on Neutrinos  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In answering the difficult questions on neutrinos asked by Sphinx I argue that search for proton decay is the most important experiment in coming 5-10 years. I also emphasize the crucial importance of the neutrinoless double beta decay with sensitivity of

Minakata, H.

410

Children answered 24 questions in 3 sections  

E-print Network

Children answered 24 questions in 3 sections: · General knowledge ­ e.g. how many minutes month comes after August? Short-Term Tasks Children completed two computer tasks designed using Kinelab: · Sequencing: Children saw six shapes in succession, before having to indicate the order they were presented

Haase, Markus

411

Children's School Research Questions and Answers  

E-print Network

Children's School Research Questions and Answers 2012-2013 Who conducts the research? · The primary researchers at the Children's School are the psychology faculty together with the post-doctoral fellows that conduct studies at the Children's School, led by Dr. David Rakison, Dr. Brian MacWhinney, Dr. David Klahr

412

BOMB THREAT CHECKLIST QUESTIONS TO ASK  

E-print Network

BOMB THREAT CHECKLIST QUESTIONS TO ASK: 1. When is the bomb going to explode? 2. Where is it right now? 3. What does it look like? 4. What kind of bomb is it? 5. What will cause it to explode? 6. Did you place the bomb? 7. Why? 8. What is your address? 9. What is your name? CALLER'S VOICE: ___Calm

Cui, Yan

413

Addendum to Questions, Answers and Clarifications  

E-print Network

hydrogen fueling stations to serve the current population of fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) and to accommodate-606 Alternative and Renewable Fuel and Vehicle Technology Program California Energy Commission Q.1 EligibleAddendum to Questions, Answers and Clarifications Hydrogen Fuel Infrastructure Solicitation PON-12

414

Extracting Simplified Statements for Factual Question Generation  

E-print Network

Minister Vladimir V. Putin, the country's paramount leader, cut short a trip to Siberia, returning to Moscow to oversee the federal response. Mr. Putin built his reputation in part on his success set of questions:3 (2) Prime Minister Vladimir V. Putin is the country's paramount leader. (3) Prime

Eskenazi, Maxine

415

Answers to Health Questions in Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Culled from the answers of physical education teachers and coaches, this booklet attempts to indicate the scope of health problems and suggests some directions which the solutions may take. It is divided into three parts. Part 1, Health and Safety in Activity Programs, answers questions on first aid, excused absences, and desirability of…

Kaplan, Robert, Ed.

416

Treatment of Anthrax Disease Frequently Asked Questions  

SciTech Connect

This document provides a summary of Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on the treatment of anthrax disease caused by a wide-area release of Bacillus anthracis spores as an act bioterrorism. These FAQs are intended to provide the public health and medical community, as well as others, with guidance and communications to support the response and long-term recovery from an anthrax event.

Judd, Kathleen S.; Young, Joan E.; Lesperance, Ann M.; Malone, John D.

2010-05-14

417

Indigenising Curriculum: Questions Posed by Baiga "Vidya."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Baiga of central India are known for their extensive knowledge of the forest and healing. Healing knowledge is transmitted orally from male expert practitioners to novices. Features of this instruction, which is experiential and geared to the apprentice's levels of interest and ability, raise questions about the feasibility of including…

Sarangapani, Padma M.

2003-01-01

418

Questioning and Oracy in a Reading Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is about the questioning patterns of teachers in an early intervention reading program and the exceptions to this typical interactional pattern. Literacy experts recommend a rich diet of oral language for young learners of English literacy. Teachers offer this rich diet by creating an appropriate learning environment in the classroom…

Vaish, Viniti

2013-01-01

419

Questions & Answers about...Marfan Syndrome.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fact sheet answers general questions about Marfan syndrome, a heritable condition that affects the connective tissue. It describes the characteristics of the disorder, the diagnostic process, and ways to manage symptoms. Characteristics include: (1) people with Marfan syndrome are typically very tall, slender, and loose jointed; (2) more than…

National Inst. of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIH), Bethesda, MD.

420

Science's Big Questions / Deep Impact Update  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This radio broadcast addresses two issues. The first segment consists of discussion and interviews with researchers about what they believe to be the biggest remaining unanswered questions in science. In the second segment, a project scientist with NASA's Deep Impact mission talks about what researchers have learned about Comet Tempel-1 in the few days after the probe's collision with it.

421

How to Arrive at Good Research Questions?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifying an area of research a topic, deciding on a problem, and formulating it in to a researchable question are very difficult stages in the whole research process at least for beginners. Few books on research methodology elaborates the various process involved in problem selection and clarification. Viewing research and problem selection as…

Gafoor, K. Abdul

2008-01-01

422

Striving for Optimal Relevance when Answering Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When people are asked "Do you have the time?" they can answer in a variety of ways, such as "It is almost 3," "Yeah, it is quarter past two," or more precisely as in "It is now 1:43." We present the results of four experiments that examined people's real-life answers to questions about the time. Our hypothesis, following previous research…

Gibbs, Raymond W., Jr.; Bryant, Gregory A.

2008-01-01

423

Migraine and ischemic stroke: a debated question  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerous epidemiologic observations reporting high prevalence of migraine among young individuals with stroke as well as dysfunction of cerebral arteries during migraine attacks prompt speculation on the existence of a comorbidity between the two disorders. The recent finding of silent infarct-like brain lesions in migraineurs reinforced this hypothesis and raised questions on whether migraine may be a progressive disorder rather

Elisabetta Del Zotto; Alessandro Pezzini; Alessia Giossi; Irene Volonghi; Alessandro Padovani

2008-01-01

424

ANALYSING AN ESSAY QUESTION Other Handouts  

E-print Network

with non-human animal cells and cloned. This opens up the possibility of developing organ banks for `spare material has been fused with non-human animal cells and cloned. 2. Next, a question directs your attention for a cloned pig-human kidney? If we create an organ that is part human and part pig does that make the pig

425

Business Education: Addressing the "What" Question  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an attempt to diversify the economy and stimulate private enterprise development, government agencies and private institutions in many countries have emphasized the importance of setting up and developing small and medium-size enterprises and promoting entrepreneurship. An important question confronting policy makers, however, is how they can…

Almoharby, Darwish

2008-01-01

426

Theory of laminated turbulence: open questions  

E-print Network

Theory of laminated turbulnece includes continuous layer of turbulence (statistical description, kinetic equations, Zakharov-Kolmogorov spectra, etc) AND discrete layer of turbulence (isolated groups of interacting waves, no statisticaldescription). This theory is presented, examples of possible applications are given, important open questions are formulated.

E. Kartashova

2006-07-30

427

Questioning Strategies for Teaching Cognitively Rigorous Curricula  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Depth of knowledge is a common measure of rigor used extensively at the state level to align assessments with state content standards. However, the use of depth of knowledge at the classroom level is just beginning. In this article, we establish a link between depth of knowledge and the questioning strategies teachers should consider employing…

Olvera, Gerlinde W.; Walkup, John R.

2010-01-01

428

Addressing the Attribution Question in Extension.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Program directors and evaluators need to address the important program accountability question of attribution of outcomes. This discussion is a beginning. Starting with some basics, such as the meaning of the program, approaches to program theory development, and the nature of attribution, the paper suggests three types of attribution. An…

Verma, Satish; Burnett, Michael

429

Questions and Answers John Rominger-Watts  

E-print Network

- Weighs 7000 metric tons - Detected first events in 2008 #12;ATLAS Detector Systems Inner Detector: #12;ATLAS Detector Systems Calorimeter: #12;ATLAS Detector Systems Muon Spectrometer: #12;Question: What objects Image: toothpastefordinner.com Image: nasa.gov Image: sparknotes.com Image: mit.edu #12;Answer

Budker, Dmitry

430

Questions and research opportunities in online education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This colloquium piece is intended to provoke thoughts and questions about research into the influence of corporatisation and marketisation in the area of online education. The topics related to these issues include the rise of for-profit online education companies, the mergers of traditional with for-profit institutions and the changing demographics of the college student. An assertion is made that there

Jason Caudill

431

Questions of Inclusion in Scotland and Europe  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines inclusion in Scotland and in Europe. It considers some of the uncertainties surrounding inclusion and the questions--many of which give cause for concern--that are currently being raised by researchers, teachers and their representative unions, parents and children. The shifting political and policy contexts and recent patterns…

Allan, Julie

2010-01-01

432

Frequently Asked Questions 1. Technology Transfer  

E-print Network

to develop a new technology. Often these approaches are associated with the raising of venture capital (VCFrequently Asked Questions 1. Technology Transfer 2. Patent 3. Requirements for obtaining a patent is not addressed, please contact Colleen Michael at 631-344 -4919. #12;What is Technology Transfer? Technology

433

Sea Level : Frequently Asked Questions and Answers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Visitors can find answers to frequently asked questions regarding sea level and sea level changes. Topics addressed include how mean sea level is defined, how much sea level would rise if all the worlds ice were to melt, differences in sea level between oceans and at different latitudes, the meaning of altitude above sea level, and others.

2007-12-12

434

Job Interview: Disability-Related Questions  

E-print Network

Job Interview: Disability-Related Questions (What IS and IS NOT ok to ask in a job interview for the job (such as education, training, experience, skills, or licenses) and perform the essential functions of the job. But how can the employer find this out without violating the sometimes confusing rules of the ADA

Sheridan, Jennifer

435

Survey Questions Answered Only by Psychosocial Experts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twelve tables provide a breakdown of answers to a survey responded to by 48 experts in the psychosocial treatment of psychiatric and behavioral problems in people with mental retardation. Questions address treatment of self-injurious or aggressive behavior, specific psychiatric disorders, specific target symptoms, use of applied behavior analysis…

American Journal on Mental Retardation, 2000

2000-01-01

436

Attitudes towards questionable negotiation tactics in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of individualism-collectivism, trust, and ethical ideology on ethically questionable negotiation tactics, such as pretending, deceiving and lying, in Turkey. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Survey questionnaires translated from English to Turkish were administered to 400 respondents, of whom 379 fully completed the questionnaires. Findings – The research empirically corroborated a classification

Ahmet Erku?; Moshe Banai

2011-01-01

437

Public Opinion Poll Question Databases: An Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper evaluates five polling resource: iPOLL, Polling the Nations, Gallup Brain, Public Opinion Poll Question Database, and Polls and Surveys. Content was evaluated on disclosure standards from major polling organizations, scope on a model for public opinion polls, and presentation on a flow chart discussing search limitations and usability.

Woods, Stephen

2007-01-01

438

Questions and Answers: Information about Your Hearing  

MedlinePLUS

... Hearing default Questions and Answers: Information About Your Hearing 1. What sounds can hurt your hearing, if you are around them too long? 2. ... concert can result in a lifetime of reduced hearing. 13. Only you can protect your ears. Be ...

439

Vocabulary Questions on Informal Reading Inventories.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the utility of informal reading inventories (IRI) and acknowledges four limitations of the research. Indicates that no validity-enhancing measures were implemented in conjunction with the three IRIs analyzed. Suggests that IRI vocabulary questions do not appear to be useful. (MG)

Duffelmeyer, Fredrick A.; And Others

1989-01-01

440

Frequently Asked Questions on Ebola Virus Disease  

MedlinePLUS

Frequently asked questions on Ebola virus disease Updated 8 August 2014 1. What is Ebola virus disease? Download the FAQ on Ebola in pdf format ... in detail. Should patients with suspected or confirmed Ebola virus be separated from other patients? Isolating patients ...

441

Questioning the Founders--and Ourselves  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The question of the relation between liberal education and political liberty, perennially important, is driven for this forum by the Obama administration's endorsement of "A Crucible Moment: College Learning & Democracy's Future," according to which the chief ends of postsecondary civic education ought to include the promotion of sweeping…

Lindsay, Thomas K.

2012-01-01

442

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS 1. What is Intramurals?  

E-print Network

: The captain's agreement outlines the responsibilities and duties that the Department of Recreation expects is not deposited if a team has satisfactorily met the conditions of the captains agreement. Q: What sportsFREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS 1. What is Intramurals? 2. What IM sports are offered? 3. How do I

Sharp, Kim

443

Creating with the 4 Essential Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a Professional Learning Community (PLC), the author is asked to focus on the four essential questions of learning when developing projects: (1) What is it teachers want their students to learn?; (2) How will teachers know if each student has learned it?; (3) How will teachers respond when some students do not learn it?; and (4) How can…

Coy, Mary

2009-01-01

444

On a question of Cooper and Kennedy  

E-print Network

On a question of Cooper and Kennedy@rsmb.tuwien.ac.at In [2], Cooper and Kennedy note the following: If xn = axn-1 + bxn-2 + cxn. Kennedy. Proof of a result by Jarden by generalizing* * a proof of Carlitz. Fibonacci Quarterly, 33

Prodinger, Helmut

445

Questions of Intimacy: Rethinking Population Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains 14 papers that examine recent changes in the definition, principles, and delivery of population education throughout the world. The paper titles are as follows: "Introduction" (Linda King); "Reaching Men for Health and Development" (Benno de Keijzer); "Boys, Men and Questions of Masculinity in South Africa" (Robert Morrell);…

King, Linda, Ed.

446

Frequently Asked Questions Tobacco Free Campus  

E-print Network

that utilizes a derivative of tobacco, electronic cigarette use on WVU Campus is prohibited. 4. WhatFrequently Asked Questions Tobacco Free Campus July 1, 2014 1. Is smoking in a personal vehicle a violation of the policy? A. Yes. Tobacco use within a personal vehicle, state vehicle or any other vehicle

Mohaghegh, Shahab

447

BotEC: Scale of the Himalayas  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Question Let's imagine a scale model of the Earth, and let's imagine that the Earth is the size of a basketball. Suppose that you wanted to build the Himalayas to scale on the surface of the basketball. How tall would you make your scale mountains?

Tewksbury, Barb

448

Fish and Wildlife Management Questions and RM&E Strategies Key Management Questions  

E-print Network

1 Fish and Wildlife Management Questions and RM&E Strategies Key Management Questions 1. Are we meeting biological and programmatic performance objectives established within the Columbia Basin Fish implemented and accomplished as proposed? Strategic Category: Fish Population Status Monitoring The following

449

Questions for IIT Waste Diversion RFP Question: What are the recycling/waste goals of IIT?  

E-print Network

commodities handled outside of the single stream or dual stream collection process (e.g., e-waste, fluorescent expected to haul the Black outside Hawk bins? Answer: No, this is handled by our staff. Question: Have you disposal and recycling) Answer: 1,500 - 1,550 Question: Do the student housing facilities have food

Heller, Barbara

450

The Priority of the Question: Focus Questions for Sustained Reasoning in Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science education standards place a high priority on promoting the skills and dispositions associated with inquiry at all levels of learning. Yet, the questions teachers employ to foster sustained reasoning are most likely borrowed from a textbook, lab manual, or worksheet. Such generic questions generated for a mass audience, lack authenticity…

Lustick, David

2010-01-01

451

Any Questions? Want to Stimulate Student Curiosity? Let Them Ask Questions!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Of the eight scientific practices highlighted in "A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas," the first is for students to develop abilities to ask questions and define problems (NRC 2012). Constructing a range of questions about an object or phenomenon validates not only what students have…

Weiss, Tarin Harrar

2013-01-01

452

Analysis of Instructional Consultants' Questions and Alternatives to Questions during the Problem Identification Interview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study sought to determine the relation between Instructional Consultants' communication skills and competence using videotapes of simulated Problem Identification interviews. A quantitative analysis identified the frequencies of questions and alternatives to questions used, and the qualitative analysis examined the content of the…

Benn, A. Efrat; Jones, Grace W.; Rosenfield, Sylvia

2008-01-01

453

Seekers, sloths and social reference: Homework questions submitted to a question-answering community  

Microsoft Academic Search

An increasing number of students are seeking homework help outside library structures and systems, such as on social reference sites, where questions are answered by online community members who rate one another's answers and provide collaborative filtering in place of traditional expertise. This paper reports the preliminary results of a participant observation and content analysis of homework questions submitted to

Rich Gazan

2007-01-01

454

The crucible differentiation scale: assessing differentiation in human relationships.  

PubMed

Whereas most existing differentiation measures are grounded in Bowen's writings about differentiation, the self-report instrument created in this study addresses differentiation according to the Four Points of Balance articulated by the Crucible Approach. The Crucible Differentiation Scale (CDS) is a 63-item, Likert-type, multidimensional measure of differentiation focused on adults and their important relationships. The psychometric properties of the CDS were tested through five studies with a total of 4,169 participants. The identified CDS subscales are Solid Self, Connectedness, Anxiety Regulation through Self-Soothing, Anxiety Regulation through Accommodation, Reactivity through Avoidance, Reactivity through Arguments, and Tolerating Discomfort for Growth. The CDS has potential use in evaluating differentiation theory, organizing treatment, and measuring therapy process and outcome. PMID:23066750

Schnarch, David; Regas, Susan

2012-10-01

455

Seven Questions about the WAIS-III Regarding Differences in Abilities across the 16 to 89 Year Life Span.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data from the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Third Edition (WAIS-III) manual and data provided by the test publisher were analyzed to address seven questions about differences in human cognitive abilities as they are measured by the WAIS-III across the 16-89 year age span. All seven questions were of a practical, clinical nature. (Author/MKA)

Kaufman, Alan S.

2000-01-01

456

Development of a scale to measure individuals' ratings of peace  

PubMed Central

Background The evolving concept of peace-building and the interplay between peace and health is examined in many venues, including at the World Health Assembly. However, without a metric to determine effectiveness of intervention programs all efforts are prone to subjective assessment. This paper develops a psychometric index that lays the foundation for measuring community peace stemming from intervention programs. Methods After developing a working definition of ‘peace’ and delineating a Peace Evaluation Across Cultures and Environments (PEACE) scale with seven constructs comprised of 71 items, a beta version of the index was pilot-tested. Two hundred and fifty subjects in three sites in the U.S. were studied using a five-point Likert scale to evaluate the psychometric functioning of the PEACE scale. Known groups validation was performed using the SOS-10. In addition, test-retest reliability was performed on 20 subjects. Results The preliminary data demonstrated that the scale has acceptable psychometric properties for measuring an individual’s level of peacefulness. The study also provides reliability and validity data for the scale. The data demonstrated internal consistency, correlation between data and psychological well-being, and test-retest reliability. Conclusions The PEACE scale may serve as a novel assessment tool in the health sector and be valuable in monitoring and evaluating the peace-building impact of health initiatives in conflict-affected regions. PMID:25298781

2014-01-01

457

Outstanding questions: physics beyond the Standard Model.  

PubMed

The Standard Model of particle physics agrees very well with experiment, but many important questions remain unanswered, among them are the following. What is the origin of particle masses and are they due to a Higgs boson? How does one understand the number of species of matter particles and how do they mix? What is the origin of the difference between matter and antimatter, and is it related to the origin of the matter in the Universe? What is the nature of the astrophysical dark matter? How does one unify the fundamental interactions? How does one quantize gravity? In this article, I introduce these questions and discuss how they may be addressed by experiments at the Large Hadron Collider, with particular attention to the search for the Higgs boson and supersymmetry. PMID:22253238

Ellis, John

2012-02-28

458

Model Answers to Lipid Membrane Questions  

PubMed Central

Ever since it was discovered that biological membranes have a core of a bimolecular sheet of lipid molecules, lipid bilayers have been a model laboratory for investigating physicochemical and functional properties of biological membranes. Experimental and theoretical models help the experimental scientist to plan experiments and interpret data. Theoretical models are the theoretical scientist’s preferred toys to make contact between membrane theory and experiments. Most importantly, models serve to shape our intuition about which membrane questions are the more fundamental and relevant ones to pursue. Here we review some membrane models for lipid self-assembly, monolayers, bilayers, liposomes, and lipid–protein interactions and illustrate how such models can help answering questions in modern lipid cell biology. PMID:21610116

Mouritsen, Ole G.

2011-01-01

459

Are debatable scientific questions debatable? (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Are debatable scientific questions debatable? In 2000, the physicist-philosopher John Ziman posed this pithy—and crucial—question. He noted that scientists were at a disadvantage in public debate, because the rules of engagement are different in scientific discourse than in public discourse in ways that make it difficult for scientists to ‘win’ public arguments, even when the facts are on their side. In this paper, I revisit Ziman’s arguments in light of the difficulties that climate scientists have had in communicating the reality and gravity of global warming. In addition to the problem posed by Ziman, I also address the role of organized disinformation in further increasing the challenges that climate scientists face.

Oreskes, N.

2010-12-01

460

Aging and depression: some unanswered questions.  

PubMed

The subject of aging and depression leaves many unanswered questions, and the lack of precise and universally accepted definitions (not to mention an inadequate nosology) further complicates the issue. Little is known regarding the differentiation of depressive illness from a melancholic response to the stressful aging process, and equally little regarding the natural history of depressions with onset in the teens, 20s, or 30s. Studies are focusing on biochemical and physiological aspects of depression, but at present biochemists suffer from the uncertainties of the clinicians, and the clinicians and geneticists from the limitations of the biochemists. However, despite our uncertainties about the condition, several effective forms of therapy have been developed, ranging from a focus on the therapeutic milieu to the use of pharmacologic antidepressants (particularly lithium). Ultimately, the question remains: Why are not all elderly persons suffering from depression? The answer may lie in the interaction of environment, life stresses, and the internal adaptive capacities of the individual. PMID:1270768

Jarvik, L F

1976-05-01

461

On leadership: attending, questioning and quality.  

PubMed

Health care is just now feeling the effects of many years of neglect of serious attention to quality outcomes. We have many tools available now to change our thinking and to provide techniques to attain excellence in quality, such as Six Sigma and principals from Toyota. However, these techniques will only get us to a minimal level of quality. We need to change our questions, think the impossible, and break out of our old modes of thinking about quality. Zero defects are possible. We only have to take that quantum leap and think in new ways. We are posed on the edge of a quantum leap into new ways of thinking about quality. We will hear much more about nurse-sensitive indicators in the near future. Nurse leaders should change their questions now to attend to new models that will get us closer to the ultimate "impossible thinking" goal of zero defects in nurse-sensitive indicators of quality. PMID:15782932

Kerfoot, Karlene

2005-02-01

462

On leadership: attending, questioning, and quality.  

PubMed

Health care is just now feeling the effects of many years of neglect of serious attention to quality outcomes. We have many tools available now to change our thinking and to provide techniques to attain excellence in quality, such as Six Sigma and principals from Toyota. However, these techniques will only get us to a minimal level of quality. We need to change our questions, think the impossible, and break out of our old modes of thinking about quality. Zero defects are possible. We only have to take that quantum leap and think in new ways. We are posed on the edge of a quantum leap into new ways of thinking about quality. We will hear much more about nurse-sensitive indicators in the future. Nurse leaders should change their questions now to attend to new models that will get us closer to the ultimate ossible thinking" goal of zero defects in nurse-sensitive indicators of quality.$ PMID:17674605

Kerfoot, Karlene

2007-06-01

463

Organizing Questions for Reduced-Gravity Flammability  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A team consisting of of the Microgravity Flight Project Scientists for solid flammability experiments has been reviewing and prioritizing a set of organizing questions for fire prevention (material flammability).In particular the team has been charged with determining:What experiments must be conducted to best answer these questions, and can some of the quest ions be answered using existing/planned hardware or experimental concepts?Is the NASA STD 6001, Test 1 configuration conservative or non-conservative in assessing material flammability in reduced gravity?NASA ST D 6001, Test 1 is an upward flammability test, considered the most stringent test in normal gravity. A material that passes this test would most likely not burn in a quiescent microgravity environment.A forced ignition and spread test is described.

Miller, Fletcher

2004-01-01

464

Some important questions in charmonium physics  

SciTech Connect

This paper is devoted to three propositions: (1) Some of the most basic questions in heavy-quark physics remain unanswered; (2) Charmonium physics is the best place to address those questions at the required level of precision; (3) A tau-charm factory, with a commensurate state-of-the-art detector, are mandatory for doing the job. While open-charm and tau physics will certainly be done at beauty factories, charmonium physics will not. It must, therefore, form an important part of the physics program at a tau charm factory. With this as an introduction, the author then reviews the status of charmonium studies at this point, and ongoing work, with its projected weaknesses.

Seth, K.

1994-10-01

465

Essential Questions on Suicide Bereavement and Postvention  

PubMed Central

During the past decades public and research interest in postvention, i.e., support for families and communities after a suicide, has increased. However, the postvention field is still facing a number of important challenges and questions. This article aims to discuss a series of essential issues on suicide bereavement and postvention, regarding the current state of the art and future developments. Who is a suicide survivor and how many suicide survivors are there? Is suicide bereavement different from other types of bereavement? What are the needs of suicide survivors and what is postvention from a clinical perspective and from a public health perspective? Can postvention be prevention? With this last question, the article concludes with a series of recommendations in order to strengthen the potential of postvention as prevention. PMID:22470275

Andriessen, Karl; Krysinska, Karolina

2011-01-01

466

Essential questions on suicide bereavement and postvention.  

PubMed

During the past decades public and research interest in postvention, i.e., support for families and communities after a suicide, has increased. However, the postvention field is still facing a number of important challenges and questions. This article aims to discuss a series of essential issues on suicide bereavement and postvention, regarding the current state of the art and future developments. Who is a suicide survivor and how many suicide survivors are there? Is suicide bereavement different from other types of bereavement? What are the needs of suicide survivors and what is postvention from a clinical perspective and from a public health perspective? Can postvention be prevention? With this last question, the article concludes with a series of recommendations in order to strengthen the potential of postvention as prevention. PMID:22470275

Andriessen, Karl; Krysinska, Karolina

2012-01-01

467

Pre-Lab Questions: Acceleration Due to Gravity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A series of simulation based interactive questions that were used as pre-lab questions at Kennesaw State University. The simulations in this case are based on Davidson's college Physlets. These particular questions focus on free fall.

Mzoughi, Taha

2008-09-21

468

NCI Community Cancer Centers Program - Frequently Asked Questions  

Cancer.gov

NCI Community Cancer Centers Program - Frequently Asked Questions Search NCCCP Contact Us Overview Frequently Asked Questions Frequently Asked Questions NCI Community Cancer Centers Program Pilot: 2007-2010 Key Points The NCI Community

469

Use of social network sites for question and answer behavior  

E-print Network

In this thesis, we look at the behavior of posting questions as status updates on popular social network sites like Twitter and Facebook. This question asking behavior is similar to the use of search engines, question and ...

Panovich, Katrina (Katrina Marie)

2011-01-01

470

Ground Water and Drinking Water: Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site, from the Office of Ground Water and Drinking Water, presents a list of most frequently asked questions (with answers). Question topics include: drinking water standards, getting information about your tap water and questions about bottled water.

471

Pew Research Center Global Attitudes Project Question Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Pew Global Attitudes Project Question Database includes survey questions from all Pew Global Attitudes polls since 2001. To search for a question, enter any keyword or combination of words and/or select a topic area of interest.

Center, Pew R.

472

Salamander Superpowers A Question of Regeneration  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This case, developed for a course in human biology, provides students with a context for discussing stem cells and cloning by exploring regeneration in salamanders and the ethical as well as scientific and health-related issues of applying what scientists know about that natural process to humans. Students read the case and then answer questions about cell differentiation and regeneration as they explore the pros and cons of providing natural regeneration in humans versus stem cell transplants for wound and organ repair.

Stonefoot, Sarah G.

2003-01-01

473

Question Answering Using a Large NLP System  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionThere is a separate report in this volume on the Microsoft Research Cambridge participation in the Filtering and Query tracks(Robertson and Walker 2001).The Microsoft Research question-answering system for TREC-9 was based on a combination of the Okapi retrieval engine,Microsoft's natural language processing system (NLPWin), and a module for matching logical forms. There is no recentpublished account of NLPWin, although a

David Elworthy

2000-01-01

474

The Martian atmosphere - Some unanswered questions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The study of the Martian atmosphere and its significance for the possible origin of life on Mars is still very incomplete. Further investigations are needed to define the total volatile inventory, the early history of the atmosphere, and the relationship of the atmosphere to the question of indigenous life. In addition, studies of Venus, comets, and the Jupiter system will add significantly to our abilities to understand the early history of Mars.

Owen, T.

1979-01-01

475

Thinking skills: the question of generality  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the question of whether there are useful general thinking skills. It oÄ ers a working de® nition ofthinking skill' and identi® es ways in which this concept has been over-applied. Thinking skills, used across domains, are not inevitably weak as a result of the generality± power tradeoÄ . Admitting that thinking skills require domain-speci® c knowledge for

Gerald F. Smith

2002-01-01

476

Two Questions about Data-Oriented Parsing  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper I present ongoing work on the data-oriented parsing (DOP) model. In previous work, DOP was tested on a cleaned-up set of analyzed part-of-speech strings from the Penn Treebank, achieving excellent test results. This left, however, two important questions unanswered: (1) how does DOP perform if tested on unedited data, and (2) how can DOP be used for

Rens Bod

1996-01-01

477

Obesity and pulmonary disease: unanswered questions.  

PubMed

Obesity is associated with risk of pulmonary disease, and adversely affects lung function. The parallel increase in obesity and asthma suggests the two conditions are linked; indeed, they can worsen each other. Obesity and inadequate asthma control are associated with poor quality of life, and place a high economic burden on public health. Although the obesity-lung interaction is a major issue for basic research and clinical studies, various questions remain unanswered. Do intrauterine and early life factors impact on the development of obesity and lung disease? If so, can this be prevented? Asthma is generally more severe in obese subjects, but is adiposity a driver of a new asthma phenotype that features greater morbidity and mortality, worse control and decreased response to medications? Obese individuals have small lung volumes, hence their airway calibre is reduced and airway resistance is increased. What puzzles physicians is whether peripheral airways undergo remodelling, which would increase bronchoconstriction. Obese asthmatics respond suboptimally to anti-inflammatory treatment, which raises the question: 'what drug for what patient?' Life expectancy is decreased in obesity and in chronic pulmonary disorders, but does obesity protect against or trigger chronic obstructive pulmonary disease? The time has come to find answers to these questions. PMID:22646804

Santamaria, F; Montella, S; Pietrobelli, A

2012-09-01

478

Management of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) questions & answers  

SciTech Connect

This {open_quotes}Management of PCBs Questions and Answers{close_quotes} has been developed from a presentation given by Dr. John Smith of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the transcribed question and answer session which followed the presentation. Dr. Smith was featured at the first DOE complex-wide PCB Focus Group meeting held in San Francisco, California in December 1992. The meeting was attended by representatives from field elements who were actively involved in the management of PCBs. The meeting served as a forum for the exchange of information and discussion of PCB management issues. This document has been prepared as one of several guidance documents developed by the Department of Energy Office of Environmental Policy and Assistance (EH-41) (formerly the Office of Environmental Guidance, EH-23) to assist DOE elements in their PCB management programs. This document is organized into three parts: (1) an introduction describing the conception and development of this document, (2) a summary of Dr. Smith`s presentation, and (3) the question and answer session.

NONE

1995-11-01

479

Commentary on Studying circular questioning "in situ".  

PubMed

In their discursive study of circular questioning in a systemic family therapy session, the authors raise some interesting perspectives on the original Milan therapy team's guidelines for the therapist as the conductor of therapy. By emphasizing circularity from a discourse point of view, they suggest these guidelines can be used to help family members hypothesize about their own perspectives on themselves and the other family members in circular terms, and, drawing upon Cecchin's notion of neutrality, by creating a state of curiosity in their talk and maybe in their minds. Their emphasis on circularity also helps us to become more sensitive to ways in which the natural recursion in language can help us to appreciate the new guiding lines circular questions can suggest with previously spoken elements. If we follow this line of argument, then circular questions can be seen as a critical part of a therapy we can call recursive family therapy in which we use the recursive element of all natural living languages to help our clients to recursively change their language and lives naturally. PMID:24063285

Chenail, Ronald J

2014-01-01

480

Unanswered questions, unmet needs in venous thromboprophylaxis.  

PubMed

Although significant progress has been made over the past 25 years in preventing thromboembolic disease in patients undergoing total hip and total knee arthroplasty, important questions remain unanswered. Few would debate the need to seek a balance between maximal antithrombotic efficacy and minimal bleeding in choosing a thromboprophylactic strategy, but there is less agreement as to how efficacy should be defined, and whether efficacy and safety (however each is defined) are intrinsic to the thromboprophylactic agent chosen or depend as well on exogenous factors, ranging from the timing of drug administration to surgical technique. Differences between recent guidelines from the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) and the American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) illustrate these unanswered questions. The AAOS guidelines focus solely on preventing symptomatic pulmonary embolism and ignores the importance of other acute and chronic manifestations of venous thromboembolic disease. The ACCP, on the other hand, does consider these other manifestations of venous thromboembolic disease, and thus reaches very different conclusions about what constitutes effective thromboprophylaxis. Despite these questions and uncertainties, there are fundamental truths: (1) venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a known and serious complication of total joint arthroplasty, and (2) evidence-based thromboprophylaxis works. Gaps between guideline-recommended and actual orthopedic practice must be reduced. PMID:20201478

Cushner, Fred D; Nett, Michael P

2009-12-01

481

Essential questions: accuracy, errors and user perceptions in a drag/drop user-composable electronic health record.  

PubMed

In previous work we have described the creation and user testing of a drag/drop user-composable electronic health record, MedWISE. Any new design poses new potential problems; here we discuss the accuracy, potential for new types of errors, and user reactions to the approach, including their perceptions of ease of use and usefulness. Our results come from a mixed methods laboratory study with 18 clinicians at a large academic medical center. 12 used MedWISE and 6 used the conventional system. MedWISE users had comparable assessment accuracy to use of the conventional system, low (1/10) risk of diagnosis momentum error, and overall favorable and even enthusiastic user perception. 10/12 said the system eased their cognitive process, Ease of use and usefulness were rated 3.79 and 4.00 on a 5-point Likert scale. Users were unconcerned about the possibility of increased errors due to their trust in colleagues and system similarities to current practice. After first describing the issues, we suggest a method to elucidate risks in innovative and current systems. PMID:23941953

Senathirajah, Yalini; Kaufman, David; Bakken, Suzanne

2013-01-01

482

CritiCal CommuniCation matters la CommuniCation Critique en question[s  

E-print Network

CritiCal CommuniCation matters la CommuniCation Critique en question[s] #12;#12;1 #12;2 UNE'épanouissement de nouvelles générations d'érudits, d'éducateurs et de citoyens engagés dans la communication assuré les premiers pas de 20 étudiants en communications, tandis que 18 de leurs collègues bénéficiaient

Fabry, Frederic

483

Building a corpus and developing a question classifier to support messaging-based question answering  

Microsoft Academic Search

We are investigating question classification for restricted domains with the broader goal of supporting mixed-initiative interaction on mobile phones. In this paper, we discuss the development of a new domain-specific corpus of cancer-related questions and our efforts toward training a classifier. This work includes the development of a new taxonomy of expected answer types that we have been evaluating. Our

Adam Kurmally; Barbara Di Eugenio; Charles E. Kahn Jr.; Susan McRoy

2010-01-01

484

Public library patrons' use of collaborative chat reference service: The effectiveness of question answering by question type  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the effectiveness of question answering by question types in the inter-institutional collaborative chat reference service at a public library system. In particular, this study examined whether subject-based research type questions are answered as effectively as simple factual type questions, and whether local-specific questions are answered as effectively as non-local questions in the inter-institutional chat reference service. Effectiveness

Nahyun Kwon

2007-01-01

485

Finding the Right Facts in the Crowd: Factoid Question Answering over Social Media  

E-print Network

results, and to better integrate social media content for effective information access. CategoriesFinding the Right Facts in the Crowd: Factoid Question Answering over Social Media Jiang Bian framework for factual information retrieval from social media. Results of a large scale evaluation

Agichtein, Eugene

486

Factors Affecting Responses of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder to "Yes/No" Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to clarify factors related to difficulties in responding to "yes/no" questions (Y/N-Qs) among 52 children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), 41 boys and 11 girls aged between 3:5-16:0 years. Participants completed the Tanaka-Binet Intelligence Scale V, the Picture Vocabulary Test: Revised (PVT-R), and the Pervasive…

Funazaki, Yasuhiro; Oi, Manabu

2013-01-01

487

Secondary Students' Stable and Unstable Optics Conceptions Using Contextualized Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focuses on elucidating and explaining reasons for the stability of and interrelationships between students' conceptions about "Light Propagation" and "Visibility of Objects" using contextualized questions across 3 years of secondary schooling from Years 7 to 9. In a large-scale quantitative study involving 1,233…

Chu, Hye-Eun; Treagust, David F.

2014-01-01

488

Moon and Terrestrial Planets: Unresolved Questions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Human exploration during Apollo began the documentation of the evolution of the Moon and of its importance in understanding the origin and evolution of the terrestrial planets. This revolution in planetary geology continues as a vigorous and vibrant arena for discovery and debate for new generations of geoscientists. Although much has been learned and, indeed, resolved in lunar science, we are left with major questions unresolved. One fundamental question is that of the origin of the Moon. A large consensus has developed in the planetary science community that the Moon was created by the "giant impact" of a Mars-sized asteroid on the Earth after the accretion of the Earth was largely complete and differentiation had begun. A minority, however, questions this consensus hypothesis because of increasing indications that the lower mantle of the Moon may be largely undifferentiated. If the issue of the high angular momentum of the Earth-Moon system can be resolved through new modeling studies, then capture of a co-orbiting planetesimal may be an important alternative to a "giant impact". Another important question, particularly in consideration of the terrestrial and Martian surface environments during the first 0.8 billion years of Earth history, is the impact record of that period as recorded on the Moon. Again, a large consensus has developed that the 50 or so large and very large impact basins identified on the Moon were created over a very short "cataclysm" between about 3.9 and 3.8 billion years ago. Here also, a minority suggests that this period of large basin formation, although distinct in lunar history, took place over several hundred million years and that the apparent cataclysm is an artifact of sampling the effects of the last few basin-forming impacts. Either way, a previously unavailable source of impactors appeared somewhere in the solar system and greatly affected terrestrial environments at the time the precursors to life were appearing on Earth. Additional unresolved questions raised by lunar exploration and study include 1) the effect of chondritic proto-cores on the timing of core formation in the terrestrial planets, 2) the number of extremely large basin-forming events (lunar diameters >2000 km) and the potential for proto-continents being formed by the differentiation of their melt sheets on water-rich planets, 3) effect of clays produced by the weathering of the debris and glass produced by pervasive asteroid and cometary impacts, 4) the many details of the differentiation of magma oceans, and 5) the processes governing the evolution of the lunar regolith. Finally, there is the question of when humans shall return to the Moon. On the one hand, the use of this unique and accessible planetary body as a scientific resource has barely begun. On the other hand, the Helium-3 fusion energy resources and deep space travel consumables that remain untapped in the lunar regolith hardly can be ignored in the face of human and environmental challenges on Earth and the species' desire to go to Mars. On both hands, it is time we took another walk on the Moon. 30 years going on 40 is long enough to think about what once was possible.

Schmitt, H. H.

2002-12-01

489

Metric Equivalence of the Bidimensional Acculturation Scale, the Satisfaction with Life Scale, and the Self-Construal Scale across Spanish and English Language Versions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The metric equivalence of translated scales is often in question but seldom examined. This study presents test-retest data that support the metric equivalence of the Spanish and English language versions of three measures: the Bidimensional Acculturation Scale, the Satisfaction with Life Scale, and the Self-Construal Scale. Participants were…

Singelis, Theodore M.; Yamada, Ann Marie; Barrio, Concepcion; Laney, Joshua Harrison; Her, Pa; Ruiz-Anaya, Alejandrina; Lennertz, Sara Terwilliger

2006-01-01

490

Asking sociological questions about Lagrange five  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As human habitation in space seems increasingly feasible, sociologists must begin to identify issues that will emerge. Space colonization raises questions involving the whole range of sociology and offers a novel way of introducing them. Space colonies can be used to explore ideas about communities, particularly uptopian communities, and to illustrate important concerns of sociology. One can relate the essential requirements for the survival of any society or community to space colonies, and then go beyond speculation about communities in space and introduce critical analysis of conflicting views in sociological thought.

Turner, Barry A.

1986-08-01

491

Prima Facie Questions in Quantum Gravity  

E-print Network

The long history of the study of quantum gravity has thrown up a complex web of ideas and approaches. The aim of this article is to unravel this web a little by analysing some of the {\\em prima facie\\/} questions that can be asked of almost any approach to quantum gravity and whose answers assist in classifying the different schemes. Particular emphasis is placed on (i) the role of background conceptual and technical structure; (ii) the role of spacetime diffeomorphisms; and (iii) the problem of time.

C. J. Isham

1993-10-22

492

The most intriguing question in synesthesia research.  

PubMed

This discussion paper forms an insightful addition to the synesthesia literature. Accompanying a steep increase in recent publications on synesthesia, it helps remedy the conspicuous paucity of mechanistic process models explaining the condition. The paper furthermore addresses what is arguably among the most interesting questions: Why do most synesthetes *not* get confused by their additional sensations? This is particularly interesting when phrased in a broader context: What are the mechanisms for deciding which of the sensations we experience reflect something "real" (phenomena in the outside world) and which reflect something that is "not real" (internally generated and private phenomena). PMID:24735051

Rouw, Romke; Ridderinkhof, K Richard

2014-01-01

493

Scaling analysis of affinity propagation  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyze and exploit some scaling properties of the affinity propagation (AP) clustering algorithm proposed by Frey and Dueck [Science 315, 972 (2007)]. Following a divide and conquer strategy we setup an exact renormalization-based approach to address the question of clustering consistency, in particular, how many cluster are present in a given data set. We first observe that the divide

Cyril Furtlehner; Michèle Sebag; Xiangliang Zhang

2010-01-01

494

Begging the Question: Some Pragmatic Aspects of Argument.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Begging the question, or the "petitio" fallacy, is problematic for logicians because rules of logic dictate that if an argument of a particular form begs the question at issue, any other argument of the same form also begs the question; yet such questions can appear satisfactory in other contexts. The fallacy benefits from considering the…

Wilson, Kent

495

Automatic question answering using the web: Beyond the Factoid  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we describe and evaluate a Question Answering (QA) system that goes beyond answering factoid questions. Our approach to QA assumes no restrictions on the type of questions that are handled, and no assumption that the answers to be provided are factoids. We present an unsupervised approach for collecting question and answer pairs from FAQ pages, which we

Radu Soricut; Eric Brill

2006-01-01

496

Asking the right questions: Ecotoxicology and statistics  

SciTech Connect

A two day workshop entitled `Asking the Right Questions: Ecotoxicology and Statistics` was held at Royal Holloway, University of London from 26--27 April 1995 under the auspices of SETAC-Europe. Twenty four invited participants from the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Denmark, Germany, and Italy were asked to consider key questions about the current description and use of statistics in toxicity test guidelines. The workshop participants were divided into four groups and asked to review several guidance documents on toxicity tests with Daphnia, fishes, terrestrial animals, and aquatic and terrestrial plants. The documents reviewed by the groups were selected by the organizers as representative of those across the field of regulatory tonicity testing. Group members were asked to provide general comments on the design and analysis, rather than a detailed critique of each guideline. On the current status of guidelines it was concluded that, in general, advice on design, analysis and reporting of results is either absent or severely lacking in detail. It was also observed that the level of detail in guidelines was very heterogeneous, even within guidelines produced by the same organization. The outcome of the workshop is a large list of recommendations for how the statistics in guidelines can be improved. These recommendations cover a wide range including: objectives of tests and the need to be made more precise; the relevance of NOECs; advice on methods of analysis and how these should be described in guidelines and protocols; and what should be reported from toxicity studies.

Chapman, P.F.; McIndoe, E.C. [Zeneca Agrochemicals, Bracknell (United Kingdom). Jealott`s Hill Research Station; Crane, M. [Univ. of London, Egham (United Kingdom); Wiles, J.A. [Univ. of Southampton (United Kingdom); Noppert, F. [BKH Consulting Engineers, Delft (Netherlands)

1995-12-31

497

[On the question of a practice.].  

PubMed

The author, a psycho-sociologist and a professor in the department of sociology at l'Université de Montreal, looks back and reflects on his practice as an intervener in different types of groups. He returns to his first experiences with T-groups and to the analysis of them which he made at the beginning of his practice. Furthermore, this analysis touches on questions that remain very relevant. Thus the author explains why, for social reasons, he came to privilege work with "real groups" rather than that with spontaneous groups. On the basis of twenty years of experience and a view of many group approaches it can be asked whether the question of man in society as a change agent should not be posed to a greater extent within groups. 1) Dans Sociologie A Sociétés, vol. 9, no 2, d'octobre 1977, le lecteur trouvera un article de moi qui préserve une réflexion plus systématique mais sans référence immédiate à ma propre pratique. Oe numéro, entièrement consacré au thème "psychologie, sociologie, intervention" comprend également plusieurs textes qui ne sont pas étrangers à certains thèmes développés ici. On y trouvera aussi de nombreuses références bibliographiques. PMID:17093678

Sévigny, R

1979-01-01

498

The Museum of Questionable Medical Devices  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Featuring items on loan from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, the American Medical Association, and others, the Minneapolis-based Museum of Questionable Medical Devices is an interesting resource about the history of medicine. From frightening turn-of-the-century phrenology machines to the vibrating "Relaxicisor," taken off the market in 1971, and even an electric shock contraption, "The Stimulator," introduced in 1996, the site features a wide array of machines. Visitors can click on a machine's name and go to a page that includes a photo or illustration, a bit of history of the machine including the date and manufacturer, and a series of related links both to other pages on the museum's site and to outside sites. The links take readers to interesting, informative quackery sites such as Quackwatch.com, Internet Hoax Watch, and the National Council for Reliable Health Information. Well-organized, lively, and information-rich, the Museum of Questionable Medical Devices Website provides a worthwhile diversion.

499

Provocative Questions for the Deuterium Session  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Analyses of spectra obtained with the Far Ultraviolet Spectrograph Explorer (FUSE) satellite, together with spectra from the Copernicus, Hubble Space Telescope (HST), and Interstellar Medium Absorption Profile Spectrograph (IMAPS) instruments reveal a very wide range in the observed deuterium/hydrogen (D/H) ratios for interstellar gas in the Galactic disk beyond the Local Bubble. For gas located beyond the Local Bubble but within several hundred parsecs, the observed D/H ratios differ by a factor of 4-5. A critically important question is what value or values of D/H in the local region of our Galaxy should be compared with chemical evolution models of the Galaxy and with the primordial deuterium abundance. Linsky et al. [Astrophys. J. 647, 1106 (2006)] argued that spatial variations in the depletion of deuterium onto dust grains can explain these local variations in the observed gas-phase D/H ratios. In this provacative introduction to the deuterium session, I ask six questions concerning analysis techniques and proposed results from the FUSE D/H program in the hope that the speakers and participants in this conference will give serious thought to the robustness of our present understanding of this important topic. In particular, is the deuterium depletion model valid? Is it only part of the explanation?

Linsky, Jeffrey L.

2009-05-01

500

Bjorken scaling  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Bjorken Scaling refers to an important simplifying feature-scaling-of a large class of dimensionless physical quantities in elementary particles; it strongly suggests that experimentally observed strongly interacting particles (hadrons) behave as collections of point-like constituents when probed at high energies. A property of hadrons probed in high-energy scattering experiments is said to scale when it is determined not by the absolute energy of an experiment but by dimensionless kinematic quantities, such as a scattering angle or the ratio of the energy to a momentum transfer. Because increasing energy implies potentially improved spatial resolution, scaling implies independence of the absolute resolution scale, and hence effectively point-like substructure. Scaling behavior was first proposed by James Bjorken in 1968 for the structure functions of deep inelastic scattering of electrons on nucleons. This idea, along with the contemporaneous concept of partons proposed by Feynman, and the experimental discovery of (approximate) scaling behavior, together inspired the idea of asymptotic freedom, and the formulation of Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) - the modern fundamental theory of strong interactions. Bjorken scaling is, however, not exact; deviations from strict scaling is required in quantum field theory. The QCD theory can predict the detailed form of violations of the scaling behavior of the relevant physical quantities through the distinctive quantum effect of dimensional transmutation. These predictions have been fully confirmed by modern high energy experiments. This theory provides a firm foundation for the intuitive QCD parton picture of elementary particles.

Tung, Wu-Ki

2009-03-01