Sample records for luminol chemiluminescence reaction

  1. Ag nanoparticle-catalyzed chemiluminescent reaction between luminol and hydrogen peroxide

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ji-Zhao Guo; Hua Cui; Wei Zhou; Wei Wang

    2008-01-01

    Ag colloid was found to enhance intensely the chemiluminescence (CL) from the reaction between luminol and hydrogen peroxide. Ag nanoparticles exhibited the better CL catalysis activity than gold and platinum nanoparticles. The superoxide anion scavenger nitro blue tetrazolium and superoxide dismutase was added to the hydrogen peroxide–Ag colloid and the luminol–hydrogen peroxide–Ag colloid systems, respectively, showing that the decomposition of

  2. A luminol chemiluminescence method for sensing histidine and lysine using enzyme reactions.

    PubMed

    Kugimiya, Akimitsu; Fukada, Rie; Funamoto, Daiki

    2013-12-01

    The analysis of free amino acids in urine and plasma is useful for estimating disease status in clinical diagnoses. Changes in the concentration of free amino acids in foods are also useful markers of freshness, nutrition, and taste. In this study, the specific interaction between aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase (aaRS) and its corresponding amino acid was used to measure amino acid concentrations. Pyrophosphate released by the amino acid-aaRS binding reaction was detected by luminol chemiluminescence; the method provided selective quantitation of 1.0-30 ?M histidine and 1.0-60 ?M lysine. PMID:23973428

  3. Silver nanoparticle-initiated chemiluminescence reaction of luminol–AgNO 3 and its analytical application

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cui Liu; Baoxin Li

    2011-01-01

    Ag+ has been regarded as an inert chemiluminescent oxidant. In this work, it was found that in the presence of silver nanoparticles\\u000a (AgNPs), AgNO3 could react with luminol to produce strong chemiluminescence (CL). The AgNPs with smaller size could initiate stronger CL\\u000a emission. To investigate the CL mechanism of the AgNPs–luminol–AgNO3 system, the UV–visible spectra and the CL spectrum of

  4. Influence of the luminol chemiluminescence reaction on the confirmatory tests for the detection and characterization of bloodstains in forensic analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    V. R. D. Santos; W. X. Paula; E. Kalapothakis

    2009-01-01

    Preliminary tests for the detection of stains at crime scenes aim to focus the police work making them more efficient in the combat of criminality. The application of the luminol chemiluminescence reaction (3-aminoftalhidrazida) in presumptive tests for the detection of bloodstains is known for more than 40 years in forensic science. This reaction is based on the emission of light

  5. The influence of dioxygen on luminol chemiluminescence.

    PubMed

    Baj, Stefan; Krawczyk, Tomasz; Staszewska, Karina

    2009-01-01

    Assays of peroxy compounds are commonly performed after chromatographic separation of analysed mixtures. In high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), solvent reservoirs are sparged by helium or inline vacuum-degassed in order to control the compressibility of the solvents for efficient pumping. In this study, we investigated the influence of degassing the reaction solution on the light output of the hemin-catalyzed luminol oxidation by various oxidants. We found that, when t-butyl hydroperoxide, hydrogen peroxide, n-butyl hydroperoxide, iodosobenzene and iodobenzene diacetate were used as oxidants, the luminol chemiluminescence was lowered by 50-70% compared with an equilibrated and degassed solution. The opposite effect was observed when dibenzoyl peroxide and 3-chloroperoxybenzoic acid were used as oxidants, as the chemiluminescence increased by approximately 20-30%. The reduced chemiluminescence was explained based on the known role of dioxygen in luminol chemiluminescence. The enhancement of chemiluminescence was rationalized by suggesting an alternative mechanism of luminol oxidation valid for peroxyacids and diacyl peroxides in which the reaction of a peroxyacid anion with the diazaquinone led to light emission with a higher quantum yield than the usual path, which is suppressed by the removal of dioxygen from the reaction solution. PMID:19294631

  6. Flow-injection determination of ornidazole by chemiluminescence detection based on a luminol-ferricyanide reaction.

    PubMed

    Lv, Yi; Zhang, Zhujun; He, Deyong; Hu, Yufei

    2003-04-01

    A flow-injection analysis (FIA) with a chemiluminescence detection method was developed for the determination of ornidazole based on the inhibition intensity of chemiluminescence from the luminol-ferricyanide system. Under the condition of 1.0 x 10(-3) mol/L luminol and 5.0 x 10(-6) mol/L potassium ferricyanide, the response to the concentration of omidazole is linear from 0.2 microg ml(-1) to 10 microg ml(-1), and a detection limit of 0.05 microg ml(-1) can be obtained. This method has been successfully applied to the determination of omidazole in pharmaceutical preparations. PMID:12725405

  7. In vitro screening of Fe2+-chelating effect by a Fenton's reaction-luminol chemiluminescence system.

    PubMed

    Wada, Mitsuhiro; Komatsu, Hiroaki; Ikeda, Rie; Aburjai, Talal A; Alkhalil, Suleiman M; Kuroda, Naotaka; Nakashima, Kenichiro

    2014-11-01

    In vitro screening of a Fe(2+) -chelating effect using a Fenton's reaction-luminol chemiluminescence (CL) system is described. The luminescence between the reactive oxygen species generated by the Fenton's reaction and luminol was decreased on capturing Fe(2+) using a chelator. The proposed method can prevent the consumption of expensive seed compounds (drug discovery candidates) owing to the high sensitivity of CL detection. Therefore, the assay could be performed using small volumes of sample solution (150 ?L) at micromolar concentrations. After optimization of the screening conditions, the efficacies of conventional chelators such as ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), diethylentriaminepentaacetic acid (DETAPAC), deferoxamine, deferiprone and 1,10-phenanthroline were examined. EC50 values for these compounds (except 1,10-phenanthroline) were in the range 3.20 ± 0.87 to 9.57 ± 0.64 ?M (n = 3). Rapid measurement of the Fe(2+)-chelating effect with an assay run time of a few minutes could be achieved using the proposed method. In addition, the specificity of the method was discussed. PMID:24403191

  8. Flow injection chemiluminescence determination of captopril based on its enhancing effect on the luminol-ferricyanide/ferrocyanide reaction.

    PubMed

    Du, Jianxiu; Li, Yinhuan; Lu, Jiuru

    2002-01-01

    A new flow injection chemiluminescence method is described for the determination of captopril. It is based on the enhancing effect of captopril on the chemiluminescence reaction of luminol with potassium ferricyanide in alkaline solution in the presence of potassium ferrocyanide. The method allows the determination of captopril over 0.1-40 microg/mL range, with a relative standard deviation (SD) of 1.0% for the determination of 0.5 microg/mL captopril solution in 11 repeated measurements. The method was satisfactorily applied to the determination of captopril in commercial captopril tablets. The possible reaction mechanism is also discussed briefly. PMID:12164366

  9. CAPILLARY ELECTROPHORESIS WITH A CHEMILUMINESCENCE DETECTOR USING THE TWO REACTIONS OF LUMINOL AND PEROXYOXALATE

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kazumasa Tsuge; Takayuki Tanaka; Keiichi Noda; Kazuhiko Tsukagoshi

    2012-01-01

    We investigated capillary electrophoresis (CE) with a chemiluminescence (CL) detector using both CL systems of luminol and peroxyoxalate. Flow- and batch-type CL detection cells were used to analyze model samples, such as isoluminol isothiocyanate (ILITC), fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC), and proteins labeled with these reagents. CE with the flow-type cell allowed analysis of hemoglobin, FITC, and FITC-labeled hemoglobin. Hemoglobin and FITC

  10. Inhibition of bleach-induced luminol chemiluminescence.

    PubMed

    Kent, Erina J M; Elliot, Douglas A; Miskelly, Gordon M

    2003-01-01

    The luminol chemiluminescence presumptive test for blood is based on the mild peroxidase activity of hemoglobin in basic peroxide solution. However, this test is subject to interference by strong oxidants, certain transition metal ions, and true peroxidases. This paper reports methods for reducing the interference caused by hypochlorite-containing bleaches. Amines such as 1,2-diaminoethane react rapidly with hypochlorite without interfering significantly with the hemoglobin-catalyzed oxidation. Thus, addition of 0.1 mol/L 1,2-diaminoethane to a standard luminol-peroxide spray lead to almost complete inhibition of hypochlorite-induced chemiluminescence while satisfactory chemiluminescence was still observed from bloodstains. If time allows, an alternative method for reducing interference from hypochlorite bleach is to wait several days until the bloodstains have dried thoroughly, by which time the hypochlorite will have decomposed. PMID:12570200

  11. Determination of rutin by flow injection chemiluminescence method using the reaction of luminol and potassium hexacyanoferrate(III) with the aid of response surface methodology.

    PubMed

    Yang, Dan; Li, Haiyun; Li, Ziyuan; Hao, Zaibin; Li, Jianping

    2010-01-01

    A novel flow injection chemiluminescence (CL) method for the determination of rutin was reported. The proposed method was based on the enhanced effect of rutin on the chemiluminescence intensity of luminol and potassium hexacyanoferrate(III) reaction in NaOH medium. The variables of reaction system, such as luminol concentration, potassium hexacyanoferrate(III) concentration and NaOH concentration, were optimized with the aid of response surface methodology. For the responses prediction, a second-order polynomial model (SOPM) was applied. The optimal conditions for determination of rutin estimated by the model equation were as follows: NaOH concentration of 0.13?mol/L luminol concentration of 0.94 × 10(-6) ?mol/L, and K(3) Fe(CN)(6) concentration of 1.09 × 10(-4) ?mol/L. The theoretical increased ratio of CL intensity (IRI) predicted and actual IRI for 0.05?mg/L rutin under the above conditions were 99.40 and 99.74%, respectively. The SOPM model proved to be powerful for navigating the design space. Under the above optimum conditions, the increased IRI was linearly related to the concentration of rutin in the range from 0.008 to 0.100?mg/L with the regression equation IRI = 1948.20c + 5.24 (r = 0.9994) and in the range from 0.100 to 1.000?mg/L with the regression equation IRI = 1362.50 c + 61.94 (r = 0.9996). The detection limit (3?) was of 1.95 × 10(-3) ?mg/L. The sampling frequency of this method was 72/h. The method was used directly to determine rutin in tablets. PMID:19827000

  12. Enzyme-Induced Chemiluminescence-Determination of Blood Glucose Using Luminol

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Debra T. Bostick; David M. Hercules

    1974-01-01

    Hydrogen peroxide, produced by the interaction of glucose with immobilized glucose oxidase, reacts with the ferricyanide-luminol system to produce chemiluminescence linearly proportional to glucose concentration. The coupled reaction is used as a sensitive precise micro method for the determination of true blood glucose. The linear range of detection is 10 - 10 M glucose. The method correlates quantitatively with two

  13. Flow injection chemiluminescence analysis of phenolic compounds using the NCS-luminol system.

    PubMed

    Haghighi, Behzad; Dadashvand, Reza

    2006-03-01

    A flow injection system coupled with two simple and sensitive chemiluminescence (CL) methods is described for the determination of some phenolic compounds. The methods are based on the inhibition effects of the investigated phenols on the CL signal intensities of N-chlorosuccinimide-KI-luminol (NCS-KI-luminol) and NCS-luminol systems. The influences of the chemical and hydrodynamic parameters on the decrease in CL signal intensities of NCS-KI-luminol and NCS-luminol systems for hydroquinone, catechol, and resorcinol, serving as the model compounds of analyte, were studied in the flow injection mode of analysis. Under the selected conditions, the proposed CL systems were used for the determination of some phenolic compound and analytical characteristics of the systems including calibration equation, correlation coefficient, linear dynamic range, limit of detection, and sample throughput. The limits of detection for hydroquinone, catechol, and resorcinol were 0.002, 0.01, and 0.3 microM using the NCS-KI-luminol system; for the NCS-luminol system these were 0.01, 0.17, and 1.6 microM, respectively. The relative standard deviation for 10 repeated measurements of 0.04, 0.06, and 1 microM of hydroquinone, catechol, and resorcinol were 1.9, 1.4, and 2.0%, respectively, with the NCS-KI-luminol system; for 0.2, 0.5, and 4 microM of hydroquinone, catechol, and resorcinol these were 2.6, 2.2, and 3.7%, respectively, using the NCS-luminol system. The method was applied to the determination of catechol in known environmental water samples with a relative error of less than 6%. A possible reaction mechanism of the proposed CL system is discussed briefly. PMID:16485089

  14. Luminol-silver nitrate chemiluminescence enhancement induced by cobalt ferrite nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Shi, Wenbing; Wang, Hui; Huang, Yuming

    2011-01-01

    CoFe(2)O(4) nanoparticles (NPs) could stimulate the weak chemiluminescence (CL) system of luminol and AgNO(3), resulting in a strong CL emission. The UV-visible spectra, X-ray photoelectron spectra and TEM images of the investigated system revealed that AgNO(3) was reduced by luminol to Ag in the presence of CoFe(2)O(4) NPs and the formed Ag covered the surface of CoFe(2)O(4) NPs, resulting in CoFe(2)O(4)-Ag core-shell nanoparticles. Investigation of the CL reaction kinetics demonstrated that the reaction among luminol, AgNO(3) and CoFe(2)O(4) NPs was fast at the beginning and slowed down later. The CL spectra of the luminol - AgNO(3) - CoFe(2)O(4) NPs system indicated that the luminophor was still an electronically excited 3-aminophthalate anion. A CL mechanism has been postulated. When the CoFe(2)O(4) NPs were injected into the mixture of luminol and AgNO(3), they catalyzed the reduction of AgNO(3) by luminol to produce luminol radicals and Ag, which immediately covered the CoFe(2)O(4) NPs to form CoFe(2)O(4)-Ag core-shell nanoparticles, and the luminol radicals reacted with the dissolved oxygen, leading to a strong CL emission. With the continuous deposition of Ag on the surface of CoFe(2)O(4) NPs, the catalytic activity of the core-shell nanoparticles was inhibited and a decrease in CL intensity was observed and also a slow growth of shell on the nanoparticles. PMID:21400653

  15. Forensic application of the luminol reaction as a presumptive test for latent blood detection

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Filippo Barni; Simon W. Lewis; Andrea Berti; Gordon M. Miskelly; Giampietro Lago

    2007-01-01

    The forensic application of the luminol chemiluminescence reaction is reviewed. Luminol has been effectively employed for more than 40 years for the presumptive detection of bloodstains which are hidden from the naked eye at crime scenes and, for this reason, has been considered one of the most important and well-known assays in the field of forensic sciences. This review provides

  16. Dynamically tunable chemiluminescence of luminol-functionalized silver nanoparticles and its application to protein sensing arrays.

    PubMed

    He, Yi; He, Xiao; Liu, Xiaoying; Gao, Lingfeng; Cui, Hua

    2014-12-16

    It is still a great challenge to develop an array-based sensing system that can obtain only multiparameters, according to a single experiment and device. The role of conventional chemiluminescence (CL) in biosensing has been limited to a signal transducer in which a single signal (CL intensity) can be obtained for quantifying the concentrations of analytes. In this work, we have developed an dynamically tunable CL system, based on the reaction of luminol-functionalized silver nanoparticles (luminol-AgNPs) with H2O2, which could be tunable via adjusting various conditions such as the concentration of H2O2, pH value, and addition of protein. A single experiment operation could obtain multiparameters including CL intensity, the time to appear CL emission and the time to reach CL peak value. The tunable, low-background, and highly reproducible CL system based on luminol-AgNPs is applied, for the first time, as a sensing platform with trichannel properties for protein sensing arrays by principal component analysis. Identification of 35 unknowns demonstrated a success rate of >96%. The developed sensing arrays based on the luminol-AgNPs provide a new way to use nanoparticles-based CL for the fabrication of sensing arrays and hold great promise for biomedical application in the future. PMID:25421920

  17. Amino acids as novel nucleophiles for silver nanoparticle-luminol chemiluminescence.

    PubMed

    Li, Na; Ni, Shubiao

    2014-12-01

    The use of noble metal nanoparticles (NPs) as reductants in chemiluminescence (CL) has been reported only rarely owing to their high oxidation potentials. Interestingly, nucleophiles could dramatically lower the oxidation potential of Ag NPs, such that in the presence of nucleophiles Ag NPS could be used as reductants to induce the CL emission of luminol, an important CL reagent widely used in forensic analysis for the detection of trace amounts of blood. Although nucleophiles are indispensible in Ag NP-luminol CL, only inorganic nucleophiles such as Cl(-), Br(-), I(-) and S2O3 (2-) have been shown to be efficient. The effects of organic nucleophiles on CL remain unexplored. In this study, 20 standard amino acids were evaluated as novel organic nucleophiles in Ag NP-luminol CL. Histidine, lysine and arginine could initiate CL emission; the others could not. It is proposed that the different behaviors of 20 standard amino acids in the CL reactions derive from the interface chemistry between Ag NPs and these amino acids. UV/vis absorption spectra were studied to validate the interface chemistry. In addition, imidazole and histidine were chosen as a model pair to compare the behavior of the monodentate nucleophile with that of the corresponding multidentate nucleophile in Ag NP-luminol CL. PMID:24804824

  18. Forensic application of the luminol reaction as a presumptive test for latent blood detection.

    PubMed

    Barni, Filippo; Lewis, Simon W; Berti, Andrea; Miskelly, Gordon M; Lago, Giampietro

    2007-05-15

    The forensic application of the luminol chemiluminescence reaction is reviewed. Luminol has been effectively employed for more than 40 years for the presumptive detection of bloodstains which are hidden from the naked eye at crime scenes and, for this reason, has been considered one of the most important and well-known assays in the field of forensic sciences. This review provides an historical overview of the forensic use of luminol, and the current understanding of the reaction mechanism with particular reference to the catalysis by blood. Operational use of the luminol reaction, including issues with interferences and the effect of the luminol reaction on subsequent serological and DNA testing is also discussed. PMID:19071703

  19. Luminol-enhanced chemiluminescence induced in peripheral blood-derived human phagocytes: obligatory requirement of myeloperoxidase exocytosis by monocytes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. Albrecht; T. W. Jungi

    Luminol-enhanced chemiluminescence (LCL) of phagocytes is often used to monitor for the generation of reactive oxygen mediators. A strong LCL reaction, as observed in triggered peripheral blood monocytes and neutrophils, depends on both the activation of an NAD(P)H-dependent oxidase and a functional myeloper- oxidase (MP0). The aim of this work was to compare the LCL response induced by soluble and

  20. Effect of oxidatively modified and non-modified human serum albumin on luminol-dependent chemiluminescence of human peripheral blood leukocytes stimulated with opsonized zymosan.

    PubMed

    Piryazev, A P; Azizova, A P; Aseichev, A V; Sergienko, V I

    2014-07-01

    We studied the effects of native and oxidized human serum albumin on luminol-dependent chemiluminescence of human peripheral blood leukocytes stimulated with opsonized zymosan. Human serum albumin was added simultaneously with opsonized zymosan at the beginning of the chemiluminescent reaction. Otherwise, leukocytes were incubated with human serum albumin at 37°C for various periods before addition of opsonized zymosan. Oxidized human serum albumin was obtained by the method of metal-catalyzed oxidation. In control to non-modified albumin, oxidized albumin produced an inhibitory effect on luminol-dependent chemiluminescence of leukocytes. These changes were observed in experiments with addition of oxidized albumin at the beginning of a chemiluminescent reaction and after incubation of study agent with cells. PMID:25065314

  1. Clofibrate and dalargin increase luminol-dependent chemiluminescence of mouse blood

    Microsoft Academic Search

    V. M. Mushtakova; V. V. Rogovin

    2007-01-01

    The effects of hypolipidemic drug clofibrate and polypeptide dalargin on activity of the neutrophil peroxidase system in mice\\u000a were studied using the method of luminol-enhanced chemiluminescence. Clofibrate and dalargin increased the chemiluminescence\\u000a of mouse whole blood. Their combined use several-fold potentiated this effect. It is expected that combined use of hypolipidemics\\u000a and polypeptides will open a new trend in the

  2. Decrease of luminol chemiluminescence upon exposure of human blood serum to 50 Hz electric fields

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Violeta Calota; Simona Dragoiu; Aurelia Meghea; Maria Giurginca

    2006-01-01

    The chemiluminescence of luminol, after 1 and 2h in vitro exposure of human serum to 50 Hz electric fields of different intensities, decreases as compared to the controls. This indicates a field-induced decrease in the concentration of the free radicals. The report is limited to the key kinetic and field data, inviting independent kinetic analysis of the data in terms

  3. Luminol and lucigenin-dependent chemiluminescence of chicken whole-blood cells during postnatal ontogeny

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. V. Makarskaya; S. V. Tarskikh; E. G. Turitsyna

    2011-01-01

    It is shown by the luminol- and lucigenin-dependent chemiluminescence method that oxygen metabolism in chicken whole-blood\\u000a cells is characterized by the prevalence of the generation of primary reactive oxygen species (superoxide anion) both in a\\u000a spontaneous and antigen-activated in vitro state and changes regularly during various periods of postnatal ontogeny.

  4. Encapsulation of Hemin in Metal-Organic Frameworks for Catalyzing the Chemiluminescence Reaction of the H2O2-Luminol System and Detecting Glucose in the Neutral Condition.

    PubMed

    Luo, Fenqiang; Lin, Yaolin; Zheng, Liyan; Lin, Xiaomei; Chi, Yuwu

    2015-06-01

    Novel metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) based solid catalysts have been synthesized by encapsulating Hemin into the HKUST-1 MOF materials. These have been first applied in the chemiluminescence field with outstanding performance. The functionalized MOFs not only maintain an excellent catalytic activity inheriting from Hemin but also can be cyclically utilized as solid mimic peroxidases in the neutral condition. The synthesized Hemin@HKUST-1 composites have been used to develop practical sensors for H2O2 and glucose with wide response ranges and low detection limits. It was envisioned that catalyst-functionalized MOFs for chemiluminescence sensing would have promising applications in green, selective, and sensitive detection of target analytes in the future. PMID:25928385

  5. Quantitation of immunoadsorbed flavoprotein oxidases by luminol-mediated chemiluminescence.

    PubMed

    Hinkkanen, A; Maly, F E; Decker, K

    1983-04-01

    The detection of the flavoenzymes 6-hydroxy-L-nicotine oxidase and 6-hydroxy-D-nicotine oxidase at the sub-femtomol level was achieved by coupling the reaction of the immunoadsorbed proteins to the peroxidase-catalysed oxidation of luminol. The H2O2-producing oxidases retained their full activity when bound to the respective immobilized antibodies. This fact allowed the concentration of the enzymes from very dilute solutions and the quantitative assay of their activities in the microU range. Due to strict stereoselectivity and the absence of immunological cross-reactivity, the two flavoproteins could be determined in the same solution. This method was used to measure the 6-hydroxy-D-nicotine oxidase and 6-hydroxy-L-nicotine oxidase activities in Escherichia coli RR1 and different Arthrobacter strains cultured under non-inducing conditions. The same activity ratio of 6-hydroxy-L-nicotine oxidase/6-hydroxy-D-nicotine oxidase as in D L-nicotine-induced cells of A. oxidans was observed in non-induced wild type and in riboflavin-requiring (rf-) mutant cells of this aerob. PMID:6862382

  6. Size-Dependent Active Effect of Cadmium Telluride Quantum Dots on Luminol-Potassium Periodate Chemiluminescence System for Levodopa Detection.

    PubMed

    Wang, Jianbo; Cui, Lijuan; Han, Suqin; Hao, Fang

    2015-06-01

    It was found that cadmium telluride (CdTe) quantum dots (QDs) with different sizes can have a great sensitizing effect on chemiluminescence (CL) emission from luminol-potassium periodate (KIO4) system. Levodopa, a widely prescribed drug in the treatment of Parkinson's disease, could inhibit luminol-KIO4-CdTe QDs CL reaction in alkaline solution. The inhibited CL intensity was proportional to the concentration of levodopa in the range from 8.0 nM to 10.0 ?M. The detection limit was 3.8 nM. This method has been successfully applied to determine levodopa in pharmaceutical preparation and human urine and plasma samples with recoveries of 94.1-105.4%. This was the first work for inhibition effect determination of levodopa using a QD-based CL method. PMID:25955029

  7. Flow-injection determination of isoniazid using sodium dichloroisocyanurate- and trichloroisocyanuric acid-luminol chemiluminescence systems.

    PubMed

    Safavi, A; Karimi, M A; Hormozi Nezhad, M R

    2004-06-01

    A chemiluminescent (CL) method for the determination of isoniazid is described. The method is based on the CL generated during the oxidation of luminol by sodium dichloroisocyanurate (SDCC) and trichloroisocyanuric acid (TCCA) in alkaline medium. It was found that isoniazid greatly enhances this CL intensity when present in the luminol solution. Based on this observation, a new flow-injection CL method for the determination of isoniazid has been proposed in this paper. The detection limits were 2 and 3 ng ml(-1) isoniazid for the SDCC-luminol and TCCA-luminol CL systems, respectively. The relative CL intensity was linear with the isoniazid concentration in the range of 4-100 and 100-200 ng ml(-1) for the SDCC-luminol CL system, and 6-200 and 200-1000 ng ml(-1) for the TCCA-luminol CL system. The results obtained for the assay of pharmaceutical preparations compared well with those obtained by the official methods and demonstrated good accuracy and precision. PMID:15178311

  8. Evaluation of total antioxidant potential (TRAP) and total antioxidant reactivity from luminol-enhanced chemiluminescence measurements

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eduardo Lissi; Marta Salim-Hanna; Carlos Pascual; Maria D. del Castillo

    1995-01-01

    The effect of antioxidants and biological fluids on the intensity of luminol induced chemiluminescence by radicals derived from the thermolysis of 2,2?-azo-bis(2-amidinopropane) has been employed to monitor TRAP and TOTAL ANTIOXIDANT REACTIVITY (TAR) levels. The latter parameter, which considers not only the quantity of oxidants but also their reactivity, is considered a potentially more useful index of the antioxidant status

  9. The inhibition by amines and amino acids of bleach-induced luminol chemiluminescence during forensic screening for blood.

    PubMed

    King, Richard; Miskelly, Gordon M

    2005-08-15

    Sprays containing alkaline solutions of peroxide and luminol are used as presumptive screens for bloodstains at crime scenes. These sprays can be subject to interference from hypochlorite-based cleaning agents (bleaches), leading to false positive results. This paper reports the screening of amines for their ability to decrease the interference by bleach while not greatly affecting the reaction with blood. The addition of glycine (0.05molL(-1)) to the Grodsky formulation of luminol spray, together with an adjustment of the pH to 12, gave good discrimination between blood and bleach, and has the advantage that glycine is non-toxic compared to many other amines. The modified spray gave similar chemiluminescence intensity and duration as the unmodified Grodsky spray. However, it is recommended that this modification only be used when there is evidence that hypochlorite bleach may have been used at a scene. The amines triethylamine and sulfamate led to enhanced chemiluminescence in the presence of hypochlorite. PMID:18970174

  10. The forensic use of luminol chemiluminescence to detect traces of blood inside motor vehicles.

    PubMed

    Quickenden, T I; Ennis, C P; Creamer, J I

    2004-01-01

    The luminol test for blood was carried out on a set of interior fittings and surfaces inside three different makes of modern motor car. The surfaces and fittings provided little interference with the test for blood, although there was some detectable chemiluminescence when the test was applied to blood-free material from a seatbelt, a boot-lining and a gear-knob. The case with which haemoglobin samples could be washed off interior car surfaces was also examined for seat fabrics, carpets, roof-linings and various other plastic interior surfaces. A standard wash with water alone was not very effective and removed only ca. 50% of the haemoglobin. A standard wash with soapy water or with a proprietary multipurpose car cleaner removed ca. 90% of the haemoglobin from the tested surface. The effect of high car interior temperatures on haemoglobin samples that were subsequently used in the luminol test was also examined. It was shown that the sensitivity of the luminol test was not decreased but was increased by the prior heating of a haemoglobin sample. This effect was attributed to the thermal conversion of haemoglobin to the more brighter catalyst for chemiluminescence, methaemoglobin. The enthalpy of this conversion in the solid state was found to be 14.1 kJ/mol. PMID:15449350

  11. Determination of L-thyroxine in pharmaceutical preparations by flow injection analysis with chemiluminescence detection based on the enhancement of the luminol-KMnO4 reaction in a micellar medium

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cao, Juntao; Wang, Hui; Liu, Yanming

    2015-04-01

    A novel flow injection chemiluminescence (CL) method for the determination of L-thyroxine in the presence of cethyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTMAB) surfactant micelles is developed. The method is based on the significant signal enhancement of L-thyroxine on the luminol-KMnO4 system in alkaline solution sensitized by CTMAB. Parameters affecting the reproducibility and CL detection were optimized systematically. Under the optimum conditions, the net CL intensity versus L-thyroxine concentration was linear in the range of 5.0 × 10-8-3.0 × 10-6 mol/L with the detection limit of 8.9 × 10-9 mol/L. The sample throughput is calculated to be 140 samples/h and the relative standard deviations (RSDs) for 13 replicate determination of 1.0 × 10-6L-thyroxine is 1.1%. The proposed method was successfully applied for the determination of L-thyroxine in pharmaceutical preparations with satisfactory recoveries in the range of 93.9-105.2%. This rapid, sensitive, and high throughput method would provide a new tool for L-thyroxine analysis.

  12. Flow-injection chemiluminescence determination of catecholamines based on their enhancing effects on the luminol-potassium periodate system.

    PubMed

    Yao, Hong; Sun, Yuan Yuan; Lin, Xinhua; Cheng, Jinghua; Huang, Liying

    2006-01-01

    A rapid and sensitive chemiluminescence (CL) method using flow injection analysis is described for the determination of four catecholamines, dopamine, adrenaline, isoprenaline and noradrenaline, based on their greatly enhancing effects on the CL reaction of luminol-potassium periodate in basic solutions. The optimized chemical conditions for the chemiluminescence reaction were 1.0 x 10(-4) mol/L luminol and 1.0 x 10(-5) mol/L potassium periodate in 0.2 mol/L sodium hydroxide (NaOH). Under the optimized conditions, the calibration graphs relating the CL signal intensity (peak height) to the concentration of the analytes were curvilinear and they were suitable for determining dopamine, adrenaline, isoprenaline, and noradrenaline in the range 0.1-10 ng/mL, 0.1-100 ng/mL, 1-100 ng/mL and 5-50 ng/mL, respectively, with the relative standard deviations of 0.8-1.7%. The detection limits of the method are 0.02 ng/mL for dopamine, 0.01 ng/mL for adrenaline, 0.1 ng/mL for isoprenaline and 2.0 ng/mL for noradrenaline. The sampling frequency was calculated to be about 60/h. The selectivity of the method was good, because a series of common ions or excipients, such as K(+), Ba(2+), CO(3)(2-), NO(3)(-), SO(4)(2-), PO(4)(3-), sodium citrate, sodium bisulphite, oxidate dopamine, starch, lactose, carbamide and gelatin, could not produce interference when their concentrations were 1000-fold than those of dopamine. The present method was successfully applied to the determination of the four catecholamines in pharmaceutical injections. PMID:16416506

  13. Application of silver nanoparticles to the chemiluminescence determination of cefditoren pivoxil using the luminol-ferricyanide system.

    PubMed

    Alarfaj, Nawal A; Aly, Fatma A; El-Tohamy, Maha F

    2015-02-01

    A new simple, accurate and sensitive sequential injection analysis chemiluminescence (CL) detection method for the determination of cefditoren pivoxil (CTP) has been developed. The developed method was based on the enhancement effect of silver nanoparticles on the CL signal arising from a luminol-potassium ferricyanide reaction in the presence of CTP. The optimum conditions relevant to the effect of luminol, potassium ferricyanide and silver nanoparticle concentrations were investigated. The proposed method showed linear relationships between relative CL intensity and the investigated drug concentration at the range 0.001-5000?ng/mL, (r?=?0.9998, n?=?12) with a detection limit of 0.5?pg/mL and quantification limit of 0.001?ng/mL. The relative standard deviation was 1.6%. The proposed method was employed for the determination of CTP in bulk drug, in its pharmaceutical dosage forms and biological fluids such as human serum and urine. The interference of some common additive compounds such as glucose, lactose, starch, talc and magnesium stearate was investigated. In addition, the interference of some related cephalosporins was tested. No interference was recorded. The obtained sequential injection analysis-CL results were statistically compared with those from a reported method and did not show any significant differences. PMID:24850667

  14. Determination of nitrogen dioxide with a chemiluminescent aerosol detector

    SciTech Connect

    Mikuska, P.; Vecera, Z. [Institute of Analytical Chemistry, Brno (Czechoslovakia)

    1992-09-15

    A modified detector is described for use in the determination of nitrogen dioxide via reaction with luminol. Chemiluminescence of the aerosol particles formed by crossed streams of the analyte and an alkaline luminol solution was observed by a photomultiplier.

  15. Study on Enhancement Principle and Stabilization for the Luminol-H2O2-HRP Chemiluminescence System

    PubMed Central

    Yang, Lihua; Jin, Maojun; Du, Pengfei; Chen, Ge; Zhang, Chan; Wang, Jian; Jin, Fen; Shao, Hua; She, Yongxin; Wang, Shanshan; Zheng, Lufei; Wang, Jing

    2015-01-01

    A luminol-H2O2-HRP chemiluminescence system with high relative luminescent intensity (RLU) and long stabilization time was investigated. First, the comparative study on the enhancement effect of ten compounds as enhancers to the luminol-H2O2-HRP chemiluminescence system was carried out, and the results showed that 4-(imidazol-1-yl)phenol (4-IMP), 4-iodophenol (4-IOP), 4-bromophenol (4-BOP) and 4-hydroxy-4’-iodobiphenyl (HIOP) had the best performance. Based on the experiment, the four enhancers were dissolved in acetone, acetonitrile, methanol, and dimethylformamide (DMF) with various concentrations, the results indicated that 4-IMP, 4-IOP, 4-BOP and HIOP dissolved in DMF with the concentrations of 0.2%, 3.2%, 1.6% and 3.2% could get the highest RLU values. Subsequently, the influences of pH, ionic strength, HRP, 4-IMP, 4-IOP, 4-BOP, HIOP, H2O2 and luminol on the stabilization of the luminol-H2O2-HRP chemiluminescence system were studied, and we found that pH value, ionic strength, 4-IMP, 4-IOP, 4-BOP, HIOP, H2O2 and luminol have little influence on luminescent stabilization, while HRP has a great influence. In different ranges of HRP concentration, different enhancers should be selected. When the concentration is within the range of 0~6 ng/mL, 4-IMP should be selected. When the concentration of HRP ranges from 6 to 25ng/mL, 4-IOP was the best choice. And when the concentration is within the range of 25~80 ng/mL, HIOP should be selected as the enhancer. Finally, the three well-performing chemiluminescent enhanced solutions (CESs) have been further optimized according to the three enhancers (4-IMP, 4-IOP and HIOP) in their utilized HRP concentration ranges. PMID:26154162

  16. Effect of aggregated silver nanoparticles on luminol chemiluminescence system and its analytical application

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qi, Yingying; Li, Baoxin; Xiu, Furong

    2014-07-01

    We found that after silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) aggregated, its catalytic activity on luminol CL reaction obviously changed, and the change characteristic was closely related to the sizes of AgNPs. UV-visible spectra, X-ray photoelectron spectra, zeta potential and transmission electron microscopy studies were carried out to investigate the CL effect mechanism. The different CL responses of aggregated AgNPs with different size were suggested to be due to the two effects of quantum size and electron density in nanoparticle's conduction bands, and which one played a major role. The poisonous organic contaminants such as anilines, could induce the aggregation of AgNPs, were observed to affect effectively the luminol-H2O2-7 nm and 15 nm AgNPs CL systems and were detectable by use of a flow injection method with the enhanced or inhibited CL detection.

  17. PHA and con A-induced chemiluminescence of human blood mononuclear cells and granulocytes in luminol or lucigenin

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Katalin Merétey; Mariann Antal; Z. Rozsnyay; Ute Böhm; Erzsébet Elekes; Gy. Genti

    1987-01-01

    Phytohemagglutinin (PHA) and concanavaiin A (Con A) can evoke a chemiluminescence (CL) response both in granulocytes and blood mononuclear cells. We have used two parallel systems to compare the quantity and quality of oxygen radicals produced during activation. While the luminol-enhanced CL response is linked to the myeloperoxidase-H2O2-chloride system, the lucigenin-dependent light production measures only the Superoxide radical. PHA produced

  18. Simultaneous quantification of catecholamines in rat brain by high-performance liquid chromatography with on-line gold nanoparticle-catalyzed luminol chemiluminescence detection.

    PubMed

    Mu, Chunlei; Zhang, Qi; Wu, Dong; Zhang, Yunjing; Zhang, Qunlin

    2015-01-01

    A new method based on high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled with on-line gold nanoparticle-catalyzed luminol chemiluminescence (CL) detection was developed for the simultaneous quantitation of catecholamines in rat brain. In the present CL system, gold nanoparticles were produced by the on-line reaction of H2 O2 , NaHCO3 -Na2 CO3 (buffer solution of luminol) and HAuCl4. Norepinephrine (NE), epinephrine (EP) and dopamine (DA) could strongly enhance the CL signal of the on-line gold nanoparticle-catalyzed luminol system. The UV-visible absorption spectra and transmission electron microscopy studies were carried out, and the CL enhancement mechanism was proposed. Catecholamines promoted the on-line formation of more gold nanoparticles, which better catalyzed the luminol-H2 O2 CL reaction. The good separation of NE, EP and DA was achieved with isocratic elution using a mixture of methanol and 0.2% aqueous phosphoric acid (5:95, v/v) within 8.5?min. Under the optimized conditions, the detection limits, defined as a signal-to-noise ratio of 3, were in the range of 1.32-1.90?ng/mL, corresponding to 26.4-38.0?pg for 20??L sample injection. The recoveries of catecholamines added to rat brain sample were >94.6%, with the precisions <5.5%. The validated HPLC-CL method was successfully applied to determine NE and DA in rat brain without prior sample purification. PMID:24890328

  19. Effects of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on the luminol and lucigenin amplified chemiluminescence of human neutrophils.

    PubMed

    Parij, N; Nagy, A M; Fondu, P; Nève, J

    1998-07-10

    A panel of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs commonly used for therapeutic purposes was assessed for their effects on the respiratory burst of isolated human polymorphonuclear neutrophils. Cells were stimulated with opsonised yeast and the production of reactive oxygen species was measured by amplified chemiluminescence with luminol and lucigenin which are two luminogenic agents measuring different cellular events. A special attention was devoted to the establishment of dose-effect curves and calculation of ED50. Some of the drugs tested (acemetacine, diclofenac, flufenamic acid and niflumic acid) were able to decrease both luminol and lucigenin chemiluminescence in a dose-dependent manner reflecting an inhibitory effect on the respiratory burst. The most potent derivative was flufenamic acid (ED50 8 and 78 microM, respectively, with luminol and lucigenin), followed by diclofenac (21 and 98 microM), niflumic acid (97 and 227 microM) and acemetacine (585 and 427 microM). In contrast, several other drugs (flurbiprofen, ibuprofen, ketoprofen, piroxicam) stimulated both luminol and lucigenin chemiluminescence, suggesting a pro-oxidant activity. Acetylsalicylic acid (up to 1250 microM) was a modest inhibitor (maximum 25% inhibition) showing no dose-dependent effect and tolmetin (up to 125 microM) had no significant effect in both systems. The results were in agreement using both luminogenic agents, except for indomethacin, naproxen and tenoxicam which showed different kinds of effects. The unspecific and complex nature of the measurement systems used did not allow to give a complete mechanistic interpretation of the results, but the comparison with literature data gave some pertinent explanations for both anti- and pro-oxidant effects. PMID:9716367

  20. Luminol functionalized gold nanoparticles as colorimetric and chemiluminescent probes for visual, label free, highly sensitive and selective detection of minocycline

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    He, Yi; Peng, Rufang

    2014-11-01

    In this work, luminol functionalized gold nanoparticles (LuAuNPs) were used as colorimetric and chemiluminescent probes for visual, label free, sensitive and selective detection of minocycline (MC). The LuAuNPs were prepared by simple one-pot reduction of HAuCl4 with luminol, which exhibited a good chemiluminescence (CL) activity owing to the presence of luminol molecules on their surface and surface plasmon resonance absorption. In the absence of MC, the color of LuAuNPs was wine red and their size was relatively small (˜25 nm), which could react with silver nitrate, producing a strong CL emission. Upon the addition of MC at acidic buffer solutions, the electrostatic interaction between positively charged MC and negatively charged LuAuNPs caused the aggregation of LuAuNPs, generating a purple or blue color. Simultaneously, the aggregated LuAuNPs did not effectively react with silver nitrate, producing a weak CL emission. The signal change was linearly dependent on the logarithm of MC concentration in the range from 30 ng to 1.0 ?g for colorimetric detection and from 10 ng to 1.0 ?g for CL detection. With colorimetry, a detection limit of 22 ng was achieved, while the detection limit for CL detection modality was 9.7 ng.

  1. Alterations in luminol-enhanced chemiluminescence from nondiluted whole blood in the course of low-level laser therapy of angina pectoris patients

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vladimir L. Voeikov; Cyrill N. Novikov; Natalia I. Siuch

    1997-01-01

    Addition of Luminol to nondiluted blood of healthy donors results in a short and weak increase of chemiluminescence (CL) from it. Contrary to that in 25 cases of stable angina pectoris the intensity of CL from blood of patients sharply increased upon addition of luminol exceeding that form healthy donors' blood 10-100-fold. 24 hours after the 3D intravenous low-level treatment

  2. Chemiluminescent detection of organic air pollutants

    SciTech Connect

    Marley, N.A.; Gaffney, J.S.; Chen, Yu-Harn

    1996-04-01

    Chemiluminescent reactions can be used for specific and highly sensitive detection of a number of air pollutants. Among these are chemiluminescent reactions of ozone with NO or organics and reactions of luminol with a variety of oxidants. Reported here are studies exploring (1) the use of the temperature dependence of the chemiluminescent reactions of ozone with organic pollutants as a means of differentiating types of hydrocarbon classes and (2) the use of luminol techniques to monitor atmospheric concentrations of nitrogen dioxide (NO{sub 2}) and organic oxidants, specifically peroxyacyl nitrates (PANs). Coupling gas chromatography to the chemiluminescent detectors allows the measurement of individual species at very low concentrations.

  3. The inhibition by amines and amino acids of bleach-induced luminol chemiluminescence during forensic screening for blood

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard King; Gordon M. Miskelly

    2005-01-01

    Sprays containing alkaline solutions of peroxide and luminol are used as presumptive screens for bloodstains at crime scenes. These sprays can be subject to interference from hypochlorite-based cleaning agents (bleaches), leading to false positive results. This paper reports the screening of amines for their ability to decrease the interference by bleach while not greatly affecting the reaction with blood. The

  4. Flow injection analysis of ketoprofen based on the order transform second chemiluminescence reaction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhuang, Yafeng; Cao, Guiping; Ge, Chuanqin

    2012-01-01

    This paper explores an order-transform-second-chemiluminescence (OTSCL) method combining the flow injection technique for the determination of ketoprofen. When ketoprofen solution was injected into the mixture after the end of the reaction of alkaline luminol and sodium periodate or sodium periodate solution was injected into the reaction mixture of ketoprofen and alkaline luminol, a new chemiluminescence (CL) reaction was initiated and strong CL signal was detected. A mechanism for the OTSCL has been proposed on the basis of the chemiluminescence kinetic characteristic, UV-visible absorption and chemiluminescent spectra. Under optimal experimental conditions, the CL response is proportional to the concentration of ketoprofen over the range of 2.0 × 10 -7 to 1.0 × 10 -5 mol/L with a correlation coefficient of 0.9950 and a detection limit of 8.0 × 10 -9 mol/L (3 ?). The relative standard deviation for 11 repetitive determinations of 1.0 × 10 -6 mol/L ketoprofen is 2.9%. The utility of this method was demonstrated by determining ketoprofen in pharmaceutical formulations without interference from its potential impurities.

  5. Research and development of a luminol-carbon monoxide flow system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Thomas, R. R.

    1977-01-01

    Adaption of the luminol-carbon monoxide injection system to a flowing type system is reported. Analysis of actual wastewater samples was carried out and revealed that bacteria can be associated with particles greater than 10 microns in size in samples such as mixed liquor. Research into the luminol reactive oxidation state indicates that oxidized iron porphyrins, cytochrome-c in particular, produce more luminol chemiluminescence than the reduced form. Correlation exists between the extent of porphyrin oxidation and relative chemiluminescence. In addition, the porphyrin nucleus is apparently destroyed under the current chemiluminescent reaction conditions.

  6. A comparison of the presumptive luminol test for blood with four non-chemiluminescent forensic techniques.

    PubMed

    Webb, Joanne L; Creamer, Jonathan I; Quickenden, Terence I

    2006-01-01

    Presumptive blood detection tests are used by forensic investigators to detect trace amounts of blood or to investigate suspicious stains. Through the years, a number of articles have been published on the popular techniques of the day. However, there is no single paper that critiques and compares the five most common presumptive blood detection tests currently in use: luminol, phenolphthalein (Kastle-Meyer), leucomalachite green, Hemastix and the forensic light source. The present authors aimed to compare the above techniques with regard to their sensitivity, ease of use and safety. The luminol test was determined to be the most sensitive of the techniques, while Hemastix is a suitable alternative when the luminol test is not appropriate. PMID:16645959

  7. [Characteristics of various labeled chemiluminescent compounds].

    PubMed

    Uji, Y; Okabe, H

    1995-09-01

    A chemiluminescence has a diverse range of analytical applications and an attractive analytical method for the third generation analysis because a high sensitive luminometer is now available for use with chemiluminescent reactions. A combination of chemiluminescence and a high technology provides a high sensitive assay system for biological substances such as peptide, hormones, antigen and antibody. Characteristics of luminol-dioxetane- and acridium-derivatives as a labeled chemiluminescent compound are reviewed for applications on CLIA and CLEIA. PMID:7474377

  8. Luminol-enhanced chemiluminescence of peripheral blood leukocytes as an early indicator of graft take after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation in patients with acute myelogenous leukaemia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Allan Rajamäki; Esa-Matti Lilius; Jukka Nikoskelainen; Jaana Proskin; Toivo T. Salmi; Auli Toivanen

    1988-01-01

    The luminol-enhanced chemiluminescence (CL) of peripheral blood leukocytes was studied daily in five patients with acute myelogenous\\u000a leukaemia (AML) in first remission, who were undergoing allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT). The CL was measured\\u000a after stimulation of leukocytes with opsonized zymosan in highly diluted whole blood. All patients had an undetectable CL\\u000a level on day +7, post BMT, simultaneously with

  9. Use of the Attenuation of Luminol-Perborate Chemiluminescence with Flow Injection Analysis for the Total Antioxidant Activity in Tea Infusions, Wines, and Grape Seeds

    Microsoft Academic Search

    José Antonio Murillo Pulgarín; Luisa Fernanda García Bermejo; Armando Carrasquero Durán

    This study establishes a simple and fast flow injection analysis methodology for the determination of the antioxidant activity\\u000a in wines, tea infusions, and grape seeds, based on the inhibition effect of their natural antioxidants on the Co(II)\\/EDTA-induced\\u000a luminol-perborate chemiluminescence. At the optimum operational conditions, the antioxidant activity was measured by plotting\\u000a the inhibition percentage vs logarithm of sample mass to

  10. CoFe2O4 nanoparticles as oxidase mimic-mediated chemiluminescence of aqueous luminol for sulfite in white wines.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Xiaodan; He, Shaohui; Chen, Zhaohui; Huang, Yuming

    2013-01-30

    Recently, the intrinsic enzyme-like activity of nanoparticles (NPs) has become a growing area of interest. However, the analytical applications of the NP-based enzyme mimetic are mainly concentrated on their peroxidase-like activity; no attempts have been made to investigate the analytical applications based on the oxidase mimic activities of NPs. For the first time, we report that CoFe(2)O(4) NPs were found to possess intrinsic oxidase-like activity and could catalyze luminol oxidation by dissolved oxygen to produce intensified chemiluminescence (CL). The effect of sulfite on CoFe(2)O(4) NP oxidase mimic-mediated CL of aqueous luminol was investigated. It is very interesting that when adding sulfite to the luminol-CoFe(2)O(4) system, the role of sulfite in the luminol-CoFe(2)O(4) NP-sulfite system depends on its concentration. At a relatively low concentration level, sulfite presents an inhibition effect on the luminol-CoFe(2)O(4) NP system. However, it does have an enhancement effect at a higher concentration level. Investigations on the effect of the solution pH and luminol and CoFe(2)O(4) NP concentrations on the kinetic characteristics of the studied CL system in the presence of trace sulfite suggested that the enhancement and inhibition of the luminol-CoFe(2)O(4) NP-sulfite CL system also depended on the solution pH. It seems that the concentrations of luminol and CoFe(2)O(4) NPs did not influence the CL pathway. The possible mechanism of the luminol-CoFe(2)O(4) NP-sulfite CL system was also discussed. On this basis, a flow injection chemiluminescence method was established for the determination of trace sulfite in this study. Under the optimal conditions, the proposed system could respond down to 2.0 × 10(-8) M sulfite. The method has been applied to the determination of trace sulfite in white wine samples with satisfactory results. The results given by the proposed method are in good agreement with those given by the standard titration method. PMID:23289402

  11. Flow-injection chemiluminescence determination of cloxacillin in water samples and pharmaceutical preparation by using CuO nanosheets-enhanced luminol-hydrogen peroxide system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khataee, Alireza; Iranifam, Mortaza; Fathinia, Mehrangiz; Nikravesh, Mina

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, a rapid and sensitive flow-injection chemiluminescence (flow-CL) system was developed for the determination of cloxacillin sodium in environmental water samples and pharmaceutical preparations. The method was based on the enhancement effect of cloxacillin sodium on the CL reaction of luminal-H2O2-CuO nanosheets (NSs) in alkaline medium. The CuO nanosheets were synthesized using a green sonochemical method. The physical properties of the synthesized CuO nanosheets were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analyses. The influences of various experimental factors such as H2O2, NaOH, luminol and CuO nanosheets concentrations were investigated. Under the optimum conditions, the enhanced CL intensity was linearly related to the concentration of cloxacillin sodium in the range of the 0.05-30.00 mg L-1 with a correlation coefficient of 0.995. The corresponding detection limit (3?) was calculated to be 0.026 mg L-1. The relative standard deviation (RSD) of the developed method was 2.21% with 11 repeated measurements of 4.00 mg L-1 cloxacillin sodium. Also, a total analysis time per sample was 30 s which confirmed the rapidity of the proposed method. The analytical applicability of the proposed CL system was assessed by determining cloxacillin sodium in spiked environmental water samples and pharmaceutical preparation. Furthermore, the possible mechanism of CL reaction was discussed.

  12. Flow-injection chemiluminescence determination of cloxacillin in water samples and pharmaceutical preparation by using CuO nanosheets-enhanced luminol-hydrogen peroxide system.

    PubMed

    Khataee, Alireza; Iranifam, Mortaza; Fathinia, Mehrangiz; Nikravesh, Mina

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, a rapid and sensitive flow-injection chemiluminescence (flow-CL) system was developed for the determination of cloxacillin sodium in environmental water samples and pharmaceutical preparations. The method was based on the enhancement effect of cloxacillin sodium on the CL reaction of luminal-H?O?-CuO nanosheets (NSs) in alkaline medium. The CuO nanosheets were synthesized using a green sonochemical method. The physical properties of the synthesized CuO nanosheets were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analyses. The influences of various experimental factors such as H?O?, NaOH, luminol and CuO nanosheets concentrations were investigated. Under the optimum conditions, the enhanced CL intensity was linearly related to the concentration of cloxacillin sodium in the range of the 0.05-30.00 mg L(-1) with a correlation coefficient of 0.995. The corresponding detection limit (3?) was calculated to be 0.026 mg L(-1). The relative standard deviation (RSD) of the developed method was 2.21% with 11 repeated measurements of 4.00 mg L(-1) cloxacillin sodium. Also, a total analysis time per sample was 30 s which confirmed the rapidity of the proposed method. The analytical applicability of the proposed CL system was assessed by determining cloxacillin sodium in spiked environmental water samples and pharmaceutical preparation. Furthermore, the possible mechanism of CL reaction was discussed. PMID:25014643

  13. Enhancement of electrogenerated chemiluminescence of luminol by ascorbic acid at gold nanoparticle/graphene modified glassy carbon electrode

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dong, Yongping; Gao, Tingting; Zhou, Ying; Chu, Xiangfeng; Wang, Chengming

    2015-01-01

    Gold nanoparticle/graphene (GNP/GR) nanocomposite was one-pot synthesized from water soluble graphene and HAuCl4 by hydrothermal method and characterized by TEM, Raman spectroscopy, XRD, XPS, UV-vis spectroscopy, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). Electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL) of luminol was investigated at the GNP/GR modified glassy carbon electrode (GNP/GR/GCE) and the GNP modified glassy carbon electrode (GNP/GCE) in aqueous solution respectively. The results revealed that one strong anodic ECL peak could be observed at ?0.8 V at two modified electrodes compared with that at the bare electrode. The intensity of the anodic ECL at the GNP/GR/GCE is weaker than that at the GNP/GCE, which should be due to the synergic effect of the enhancing effect of gold nanoparticles and the inhibiting effect of graphene on anodic luminol ECL. One strong cathodic ECL peak located at ?-0.8 V could be observed at the GNP/GR/GCE but not at the GNP/GCE, which should be result from the adsorbed oxygen at the graphene film. In the presence of ascorbic acid, the anodic ECL at the GNP/GR/GCE was enhanced more than 8-times, which is more apparent than that at the GNP/GCE. Whereas, the cathodic ECL peak was seriously inhibited at the GNP/GR/GCE. The enhanced ECL intensity at the GNP/GR/GCE varied linearly with the logarithm of ascorbic acid concentration in the range of 1.0 × 10-8 to 1.0 × 10-6 mol L-1 with a detection limit of 1.0 × 10-9 mol L-1. The possible ECL mechanism was also discussed.

  14. Detection of glucocorticoid residues in pig liver by high-performance liquid chromatography with on-line electrogenerated [Cu(HIO6)2](5-)--luminol chemiluminescence detection.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Yantu; Zhang, Zhujun; Song, Yonghua; Wei, Yue

    2007-06-22

    A novel method was developed for the simultaneous determination of glucocorticoid residues such as triamcinolone (TR), prednisolone (PR), hydrocortisone (HC), cortisone (CO), methylprednisolone (MP), dexamethasone (DE) and triamcinolone acetonide (TA) by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled with chemiluminescence (CL) detection. The procedure was based on the enhancement effect of glucocorticoids on the chemiluminescence reaction between luminol and the complex of trivalent copper and periodate ([Cu(HIO6)2]5-), which was on-line electrogenerated by constant current electrolysis. The HPLC separation used a Nucleosil RP-C18 column (250 mmx4.6 mm i.d., 5 microm, pore size, 100 A) with a mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile and 1.0 mmol L(-1) ammonium acetate (pH 6.8, 40:60,v/v) at a flow rate of 0.8 mL min(-1). The effects of several parameters on the HPLC resolution and CL emission were studied systematically. Liver samples were hydrolyzed with Helix pomatia juice followed by a solid-phase extraction procedure. Under optimum conditions, the limits of detection (LOD) at a signal-to-noise of 3 ranged from 0.08 to 1.0 ng g(-1) and the limits of quantification (LOQ) at a signal-to-noise of 10 ranged from 0.27 to 3.33 ng g(-1) for seven glucocorticoids. The relative standard deviations (RSD) of intra- and inter-day precision were below 6.8%. The average recoveries for glucocorticoids (spiked at the levels of 5-50 ng g(-1)) in pig liver ranged from 88 to 106%, and the relative standard deviations of the quantitative results were from 2.0 to 6.9%. The proposed method had been successfully applied to the determination of glucocorticoid residues in pig liver. PMID:17449041

  15. Alterations in luminol-enhanced chemiluminescence from nondiluted whole blood in the course of low-level laser therapy of angina pectoris patients

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Voeikov, Vladimir L.; Novikov, Cyril N.; Siuch, Natalia I.

    1997-05-01

    Addition of Luminol to nondiluted blood of healthy donors results in a short and weak increase of chemiluminescence (CL) from it. Contrary to that in 25 cases of stable angina pectoris the intensity of CL from blood of patients sharply increased upon addition of luminol exceeding that form healthy donors' blood 10-100-fold. 24 hours after the 3D intravenous low-level treatment CL burst in patients' blood in the presence of Luminol was in general significantly lower than before the beginning of the treatment. After the 7th treatment the pattern of CL kinetics was in most cases similar to that of healthy donors' blood. However, after the 10th treatment intensity of Luminol-enhanced CL usually increased and for blood of some patients even exceeded its values obtained before the treatment. Some correlation CL from nondiluted blood with neutrophil activity studied by NTB-test and plasma viscosity of same blood was noted. Using highly sensitive single photon counters it is possible to reveal abnormal levels of CL from no more than 0.1-0.2 ml of blood within 3-5 min.

  16. Development of a generic assay for the determination of total trihydroxybenzoate derivatives based on gold-luminol chemiluminescence.

    PubMed

    Giokas, Dimosthenis L; Christodouleas, Dionysios C; Vlachou, Ioanna; Vlessidis, Athanasios G; Calokerinos, Antony C

    2013-02-18

    A selective assay for the determination of one of the most important class of phenolic compounds, namely trihydroxybenzoates (monomeric and polymeric compounds having at least one gallate moiety) based on their enhancing effect on the chemiluminogenic reaction between gold ions and luminol is described for the first time. In the presence of trihydroxybenzoate derivatives, the light emission generated when alkaline luminol is oxidized by gold ions is amplified several orders of magnitude compared to other common phenolic compounds which exhibit minor reactivity or no reactivity at all (e.g. hydroxycinnamates, flavonols, benzenediols). Based on this property, the experimental conditions were optimized in order to enable the determination of total trihydroxybenzoates in complex mixtures without resorting to separation techniques. The method was applied to samples of different composition (teas, herbal infusions and wines) with satisfactory analytical features yielding detection limits at the 10(-7) mol L(-1) level, intra-day precision of 3.1%, inter-day precision less than 10% and recoveries between 88.7 and 97.6%. The strengths and weaknesses of the method were identified and discussed in relation to its application in real samples. PMID:23374217

  17. Aircraft measurements of nitrogen dioxide and peroxyacetyl nitrates using luminol chemiluminescence with fast capillary gas chromatography

    SciTech Connect

    Gaffney, J.S.; Marley, N.A.; Steele, H.D.; Drayton, P.J.; Hubbe, J.M.

    1999-10-01

    Fast capillary gas chromatography with luminol detection has been used to make airborne measurements of nitrogen dioxide (NO{sub 2}) and peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN). The analysis system allows for the simultaneous measurement of NO{sub 2} and peroxyacyl nitrates (PANs) with time resolution of less than 1 min, and improvement of a factor of 4--5 over previously reported methods using electron capture detection. Data presented were taken near Pasco, Washington, in August 1997, during a test flight onboard the US Department of Energy G-1 aircraft. The authors report measurements of NO{sub 2} in the boundary layer in a paper mill plume and a plume from a grass fire, in addition to analyses for free tropospheric NO{sub 2} and PAN. Ratios of PAN/NO{sub 2} were observed to increase with altitude (decreasing temperature) and to reach values of 2--4 above the boundary layer, consistent with the thermal equilibrium of the peroxyacetyl radical and NO{sub 2} and PAN. Estimates for the peroxyacetyl radical in the continental free troposphere, calculated from this equilibrium, were found to be in the range of 10{sup 4}--10{sup 5} molecules per cubic centimeter. These results demonstrate the application of this approach for airborne measurements of NO{sub 2} and PAN in a wide range of field study scenarios.

  18. Aircraft measurements of nitrogen dioxide and peroxyacyl nitrates using luminol chemiluminescence with fast capillary gas chromatography

    SciTech Connect

    Gaffney, J.S.; Marley, N.A. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Environmental Research Div.; Drayton, P.J. [Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States). Dept. of Geophysical Sciences

    1997-09-01

    Peroxyacyl nitrates (PANs) and nitrogen dioxide (NO{sub 2}) are important trace gas species associated with photochemical air pollution. The PANs are in thermal equilibrium with the peroxyacetyl radical and NO{sub 2}. Because PANs are trapped peroxy radicals, they are an important indicator species of the photochemical age of an air parcel, as well as being a means of long-range transporting of NO{sub 2}, leading to the formation of regional ozone and other oxidants. Typically, PANs are measured by using a gas chromatograph with electron-capture detection (ECD). Once automated, this method has been shown to be reliable and quite sensitive, allowing the levels of PANs to be measured at low parts per trillion in the troposphere. Unfortunately, a number of other atmospheric gases also have strong ECD signals or act as inferences and limit the speed in which the analysis can be completed. Currently, the shortest analysis time for PAN is approx. 5 minutes with ECD. The authors recent examined the luminol detection of NO{sub 2} and PANs using gas capillary chromatography for rapid monitoring of these important trace gases. Analysis of the PANs (PAN, PPN, and PBN) and NO{sub 2} in one minute has been demonstrated in laboratory studies by using this approach. Reported here are modifications of this instrument for aircraft operation and preliminary results from test flights taken near Pasco, Washington in August of 1997.

  19. Nitric oxide production in human macrophagic cells phagocytizing opsonized zymosan: direct characterization by measurement of the luminol dependent chemiluminescence.

    PubMed

    Gross, A; Dugas, N; Spiesser, S; Vouldoukis, I; Damais, C; Kolb, J P; Dugas, B; Dornand, J

    1998-02-01

    When differentiated into mature macrophages by the combination of all-trans retinoic acid and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, the human promonocytic cell lines U937 and THP-1 expressed inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) transcripts. During their differentiation, the cells acquired the capacity to produce not only superoxide anion (O2.-) but also nitric oxide (.NO) in response to IgG (or IgE)-opsonized zymosan. The inhibitors of the iNOS pathway, aminoguanidine and NG-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA), suppressed the production of .NO and enhanced the steady-state concentration of O2.- determined. Conversely, superoxide dismutase (SOD) scavenged the O2.- released and increased the .NO-derived nitrite concentration detected. These data suggested a possible interaction between O2.- and .NO. In differentiated U937 (or THP-1) cells, IgG or IgE-opsonized zymosan induced a strong time-dependent luminol-dependent chemiluminescence (LDCL), which was abrogated by SOD and partially inhibited by aminoguanidine or L-NMMA. Since the iNOS inhibitors did not directly scavenge O2.-, LDCL determination in the presence or absence of SOD and/or iNOS inhibitors demonstrated a concomitant production of O2.- and .NO. These radicals induced the formation of a .NO-derived product(s), probably peroxynitrite (ONOO-), which was required to elicit maximal LDCL. Finally, LDCL measurement provided a convenient tool to characterize iNOS triggering and demonstrated an interaction between NADPH oxidase and iNOS products in human macrophagic cells phagocytizing opsonized-zymosan. These findings show that in activated macrophages, iNOS activity can be involved in LDCL and support the debated hypothesis of iNOS participation to the microbicidal activity of human macrophages. PMID:9645394

  20. Characterization of the Luminol-Amplified Light Generating Reaction Induced in Human Monocytes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Agneta Johansson; Claes Dahigren

    Increased productIon of oxidative metabolites following interaction between mononu- clear phagocytes and soluble stimuli can be measured as luminol-amplified chemilumi- nescence (CL). The effects of superoxide dlsmutase (SOD), catalase, and azide on the monocyte CL response were investigated. Azide, a myeloperoxidase (MPO) inhibitor, reduced the CL reaction by more than 80%, which indicates that the CL reaction is dependent on

  1. Effect of human and bovine serum albumin on kinetic chemiluminescence of Mn (III)-Tetrakis (4-sulfonatophenyl) porphyrin-luminol-hydrogen peroxide system.

    PubMed

    Kazemi, Sayed Yahya; Abedirad, Seyed Mohammad

    2012-01-01

    The present work deals with an attempt to study the effect of human and bovine serum albumin on kinetic parameters of chemiluminescence of luminol-hydrogen peroxide system catalyzed by manganese tetrasulfonatophenyl porphyrin (MnTSPP). The investigated parameters involved pseudo-first-order rise and fall rate constant for the chemiluminescence burst, maximum level intensity, time to reach maximum intensity, total light yield, and values of the intensity at maximum CL which were evaluated by nonlinear least square program KINFIT. Because of interaction of metalloporphyrin with proteins, the CL parameters are drastically affected. The systems resulted in Stern-Volmer plots with k(Q) values of 3.17 × 10(5) and 3.7 × 10(5) M(-1) in the quencher concentration range of 1.5 × 10(-6) to 1.5 × 10(-5) M for human serum albumin (HSA) and bovine serum albumin (BSA), respectively. PMID:22645466

  2. Black and green tea - luminol false-negative bloodstains detection.

    PubMed

    Bancirova, Martina

    2012-06-01

    The antioxidant properties of black and green teas are well known. It is also possible to determine their antioxidant capacity by using a chemiluminscent method. This method is based on the measurement of the delay in the emission of light from the luminol reaction in the presence of the antioxidant. Bloodstains which are invisible to the naked eye can also be detected by luminol. Three common methods (detection using the Grodsky or Weber formulations and by Bluestar® Forensic latent bloodstain reagent) are based on the luminol chemiluminescence reaction. The bloodstains can be masked by drinks and/or foods containing antioxidants. The aim of this work was to compare the ability of black and green teas containing antioxidants to cause false negative results during chemiluminescent bloodstain detection. PMID:22583502

  3. Flow-injection chemiluminescence determinations for human blood lead using controlled reagent release technology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peng Qu; Shan Cheng Yan; Hua Lu; Zu Hong Lu

    2008-01-01

    A flow-through CL method for the determination of lead combined with controlled-reagent-release technology has been developed.\\u000a Chemiluminescence (CL) reagents luminol and potassium permanganate were immobilized on anion exchange resin by electrostatic\\u000a interaction. Lead ion was determined by its enhancing effect on the CL reaction between luminol and potassium permanganate.\\u000a Both luminol and potassium permanganate were eluted from the anion exchange

  4. Modulation of luminol chemiluminescence of fMet-Leu-Phe-stimulated neutrophils by affecting dephosphorylation and the metabolism of phosphatidic acid.

    PubMed

    Arnhold, J; Benard, S; Kilian, U; Reichl, S; Schiller, J; Arnold, K

    1999-01-01

    This paper is addressed to study how PKC-mediated effects and phosphatidic acid interact together in activation of NADPH-oxidase in formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMet-Leu-Phe) stimulated neutrophils as detected by luminol chemiluminescence. The early luminescence response in fMet-Leu-Phe-stimulated cells (up to 5 min after stimulation) depends mainly on reactive oxygen species generated extracellularly, whereas all later events are caused by oxidation of luminol inside the cells. The two protein phosphatase inhibitors, okadaic acid and calyculin A, dramatically increased the late luminescence of cells. This enhancement was totally inhibited by the phospholipase D modulator butanol, while the protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor bisindolylmaleimide I was insensitive. The early luminescence response of the cells was slightly inhibited by both protein phosphatase inhibitors and depended on protein kinase C as well as on phospholipase D activities. Propranolol, an inhibitor of phosphatidate phosphohydrolase, enhanced all parts of luminescence response of fMet-Leu-Phe-stimulated neutrophils at concentrations up to 2.5 x 10(-5) mol/L. While the late luminescence response of propranolol-treated cells was not inhibited by the PKC inhibitor bisindolylmaleimide I, the first response depended on protein kinase C. The inhibitor of diacylglycerol kinase R59949 enhanced the luminescence signal only during the first 4 min in fMet-Leu-Phe-stimulated cells. Only diacylglycerols derived from phospholipase C, such as 1-stearoyl-2-arachidonoyl-sn-glycerol, were able to initiate an oxidative burst in cells. Saturated diacylglycerols (e.g. 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycerol or 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycerol) did not yield any luminol chemiluminescence, although they were incorporated into the plasma membrane, as evidenced by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry. Our results demonstrate that phosphatidic acid produced by phospholipase D is responsible for NADPH-oxidase activity in fMet-Leu-Phe-stimulated neutrophils over the entire measuring time, whereas PKC-mediated processes are only involved during the first 5 min. PMID:10423573

  5. The reaction of Campylobacter species on the chemiluminescence, chemotaxis and hemagglutination.

    PubMed

    Ullmann, U; Krausse, R

    1987-08-01

    The influence of Campylobacter species (sp.) on the luminol-dependent chemiluminescence (CL) during phagocytosis, the chemotaxis and the agglutination of different erythrocyte species was investigated. CL was measured directly with undiluted whole blood samples and isolated polymorphonuclear neutrophil granulocytes (PMNG). The chemotactic response of PMNG to various Campylobacter sp. was performed using an agarose technique. All the Campylobacter sp. investigated showed a different CL response pattern. When opsonized Campylobacter strains were used, the CL response of PMNG was greater than in the presence of nonopsonized strains. No correlation was found between CL response and bacterial killing. For the investigation of the chemotaxis the filtered supernatants of Campylobacter cultures were used as cytotoxins and compared with the chemotactic peptide, formyl-methionyl-leucine-phenylalanine (FMLP). All the supernatants of cultures of Campylobacter sp. were chemotactic for PMNG. A strong mannose-resistant hemagglutination (MRHA) with glycine-hydrochloride extract was observed with C. fetus ssp. fetus and a weak reaction, with C. coli. There was no correlation between chemiluminescence, chemotaxis and hemagglutination. The weak stimulation of PMNG by C. fetus ssp. fetus and most of the C. jejuni/coli isolates suggest that this behavior could be a cause of pathogenicity. PMID:3425028

  6. Chemiluminescent Westerns: How film and photochemistry

    E-print Network

    Cai, Long

    Chemiluminescent Westerns: How film and photochemistry affect experimental results LI, enhanced chemiluminescence has been used to detect proteins on Western blots.1 Sec- ondary antibodies are labeled with the horseradish peroxidase (HRP) enzyme, which oxidizes the luminol- based chemiluminescent

  7. Evaluation of the catalytic decomposition of H2O2 through use of organo-metallic complexes--a potential link to the luminol presumptive blood test.

    PubMed

    Soderquist, Thomas J; Chesniak, Olivia M; Witt, Matthew R; Paramo, Alan; Keeling, Victoria A; Keleher, Jason J

    2012-06-10

    Forensic scientists use several presumptive tests to detect latent blood stains at crime scenes; one of the most recognizable being the luminol reagent. Luminol, under basic conditions, reacts with an oxidizing species which, with the help of a transition metal catalyst facilitates a luminescent response. The typical oxidizing species used in the luminol reaction is hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)). While the luminol reaction has been studied since its inception, the mechanistic pathway is still an area of great debate. Previous work suggests that the luminol reaction with latent blood stains possesses a correlation to the Fenton-Decomposition reaction mechanism, which decomposes H(2)O(2) into the strongly oxidizing hydroxyl radical (*OH) species. This work seeks to understand the luminol reaction on a mechanistic level and to determine if a synergy exists between the chemiluminescence observed in the reaction and the production of the hydroxyl radical via Fenton-like processes. Results indicate that organo-metallic complexes produce hydroxyl radicals at different rates and different concentrations. These findings appear to be related to structural differences in the organo-metallic complex, which conform to the 18 electron rule or are one electron rich/deficient. Furthermore, the production of *OH is controlled by the chemical environment which governs complex stability at high pH conditions, reflective of the luminol process. Model hemoglobin systems reveal a strong correlation between the rate of *OH production via the Fenton-like pathway and maximum chemiluminescent intensity. PMID:22227152

  8. Diclofenac-Choline Antioxidant Activity Investigated by means of Luminol Amplified Chemiluminescence of Human Neutrophil Bursts and Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroscopy.

    PubMed

    Braga, P C; Lattuada, N; Greco, V; Sibilia, V; Falchi, M; Bianchi, T; Dal Sasso, M

    2015-05-01

    A new diclofenac salt called diclofenac-choline (DC) has recently been proposed for the symptomatic treatment of oropharyngeal inflammatory processes and pain because its greater water solubility allows the use of high concentrations, which are useful when the contact time between the drug and the oropharyngeal mucosa is brief, as in the case of mouthwashes or spray formulations. The antioxidant activity of DC has not yet been investigated, and so the aim was to use luminol-amplified-chemiluminescence (LACL) to verify whether various concentrations of DC (1.48, 0.74 and 0.37?mg/mL for incubation times of 2, 4 and 8?min) interfere with oxygen and nitrogen radicals during the course of human neutrophils respiratory bursts; electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy was used to investigate its direct antiradical (scavenger) activity. The EPR findings showed that DC has concentration-dependent scavenging activity against the ABTS, the DPPH, and the hydroxyl radicals, but no activity on superoxide anion, as has been previously reported in the case of other NSAIDs. LACL revealed an inhibitory effect that was statistically significant after only 2?min of incubation, and similar after 4 and 8?min. The effects on the peroxynitrite radical paralleled those observed in the previous test. High concentrations and short incubation times showed that there is no interference on PMN viability, and so the inhibitory findings must be attributed to the effect of the drug. The anti-inflammatory effects of DC cannot be attributed solely to the inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis, but its effects on free radicals and neutrophil bursts suggest that they may contribute to its final therapeutic effect. PMID:24918344

  9. Determination of postmortem interval from old skeletal remains by image analysis of luminol test results.

    PubMed

    Introna, F; Di Vella, G; Campobasso, C P

    1999-05-01

    The luminol test is routinely used in forensic serology to locate blood traces and identify blood stains not visible to the naked eye; its sensitivity is reported as ranging from 1:100,000 to 1:5,000,000. To evaluate the possibility of correlating the postmortem interval with blood remnants in bone tissue, the luminol test was performed on 80 femurs with a known time of death, grouped in five classes. Powdered bone (30 mg) was recovered from compact tissue of the mid-shaft of each femur and was treated with 0.1 mL of Luminol solution (Sirchie Finger Print Laboratories, Inc.). The reactions were observed in a dark room and filmed by a TV camera equipped with a recording tape. An intense chemiluminescence was observed after a few seconds in all 20 femurs with a PMI ranging from 1 month to 3 years. On the 20 femurs with a PMI ranging from 10-15 years, a clear chemiluminescence was visible with the naked eye in 80% of the sample. Among the 20 femurs with a PMI ranging from 25 to 35 years, a weaker chemiluminescence appeared in 7 femurs (33% of the sample). In the 10 femurs with a PMI ranging from 50 to 60 years, a faint reaction was observed only in a single femur. In none of the ten femurs with a PMI over 80 years was chemiluminescence observed. The image of each reaction was computerized and analyzed for gray scale. The results of image analysis show a possible quantitative relationship between the PMI and luminol chemiluminescence in powdered bone. PMID:10408107

  10. Chemiluminescence resonance energy transfer imaging on magnetic particles for single-nucleotide polymorphism detection based on ligation chain reaction.

    PubMed

    Bi, Sai; Zhang, Zhipeng; Dong, Ying; Wang, Zonghua

    2014-10-17

    A novel ligation chain reaction (LCR) methodology for single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) detection was developed based on luminol-H2O2-horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-mimicking DNAzyme-fluorescein chemiluminescence resonance energy transfer (CRET) imaging on magnetic particles. For LCR, four unique target-complement probes (X and X(?), YG and Y(?)) for the amplification of K-ras (G12C) were designed by modifying G-quadruplex sequence at 3'-end of YG and fluorescein at 5'-end of Y(?). After the LCR, the resulting products of XYG/X(?)Y(?) with biotin-labeled X(?) were captured onto streptavidin-coated magnetic particles (SA-MPs) via specific biotin-SA interaction, which stimulated the CRET reaction from hemin/G-quadruplex-catalyzed luminol-H2O2 CL system to fluorescein. By collecting signals by a cooled low-light CCD, a CRET imaging method was proposed for visual detection and quantitative analysis of SNP. As low as 0.86fM mutant DNA was detected by this assay, and positive mutation detection was achieved with a wild-type to mutant ratio of 10,000:1. This high sensitivity and specificity could be attributed to not only the exponential amplification and excellent discrimination of LCR but also the employment of SA-MPs. SA-MPs ensured the feasibility of the proposed strategy, which also simplified the operations through magnetic separation and separated the reaction and detection procedures to improve sensitivity. The proposed LCR-CRET imaging strategy extends the application of signal amplification techniques to SNP detection, providing a promising platform for effective and high-throughput genetic diagnosis. PMID:25461149

  11. Flow-injection chemiluminescence determination of chlorinated isocyanuric acids.

    PubMed

    Safavi, Afsaneh; Karimi, Mohammad Ali

    2003-02-01

    A rapid and sensitive flow-injection chemiluminescence method is described for the determination of dichloro- and trichloroisocyanuric acids based on the chemiluminescence produced during their reaction with luminol in alkaline medium. The effects of analytical and flow-injection variables on these chemiluminescence systems and determination of both oxidants are discussed. The optimized method yielded 3sigma detection limits of 8x10(-8) and 5x10(-8) mol L(-1) for the sodium dichloroisocyanurate and trichloroisocyanuric acid, respectively. The optimum conditions were found to be as follows: NaOH, 1x10(-1) mol L(-1); luminol, 5x10(-3) mol L(-1); KI, 2x10(-3) mol L(-1) and flow rate, 3.5 mL min(-1). PMID:12589508

  12. Determination of Antioxidant Activity of Canary Seed Infusions by Chemiluminescence 1

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. J. Novas; A. M. Jiménez; A. G. Asuero

    2004-01-01

    The antioxidant activity of canary seed or annual canary grass (Phalaris canariensis L.) infusions was demonstrated by the influence of these over the chemiluminescent emission of a luminol reaction in an oxidizing medium (hydrogen peroxide). In order to quantify this activity, the antioxidant capacity of a canary seed infusion was compared with a potent antioxidant such as ascorbic acid.

  13. Chemiluminescence measurements as an identification method for gamma-irradiated foodstuffs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bögl, W.; Heide, L.

    Samples of 19 different spices, milk powder, whole onions and frozen chicken were exposed to a Co-60 source with radiation doses up to 10 4 Gy. The subsequent reaction of the irradiated foodstuffs in a luminol solution resulted in light emission (chemiluminescence). This effect can be used as an indicator of radiation treatment.

  14. Inhibition by nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs of luminol-dependent human-granulocyte chemiluminescence and /sup 3/H FMLP binding. Effect of sulindac sulfide, indomethacin metabolite, and optical enantiomers (+) and (-) MK830

    SciTech Connect

    Van Dyke, K.; Peden, D.; Van Dyke, C.; Jones, G.; Castranova, V.; Ma, J.

    1982-03-01

    A system is described to evaluate for nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs by means of luminol-dependent human-granulocyte chemiluminescence (CL) is described. The CL is produced using either opsonized zymosan (yeast cells) or the soluble chemotactic peptide f-Met-Leu-Phe as the perturbant of the granulocyte membrane. Using either system, the following drug effects 2 x 10(-5) M were noted: only sulindac sulfide, and not sulindac sulfone or sulindac, displayed marked inhibition of chemiluminescence, following the in vivo data regarding inflammatory effects. The 5-OH indomethacin metabolite was likewise inactive as an inhibitor of CL mirroring in vivo effects. MK(+)410, MK(-)830 and MK835 all showed approximately 50% inhibition of CL, displaying deviation from in vivo data. MK(+)830 markedly stimulated CL, 4-6 times the control (without drug), which is clearly different from its enantiomer, MK(-)830. The reasons for this behavior are unclear. However, receptor binding studies with /sup 3/H FMLP were accomplished in the presence and absence of the various drugs at 2 x 10(-5) M that were effective inhibitors of chemiluminescence (CL). Indomethacin, MK(-)830 and MK(+)410 had equivalent percent control binding and percent control CL. Sulindac sulfide and MK(+)835 both had higher percent control binding than percent control CL, with MK(+)835 displaying apparent increased numbers of available receptors relative to control. MK(+)830, which produces large increases in CL, produced a minor effect on percent control binding. A direct relationship between binding and CL does not exist with each drug. Chemiluminescence is dependent on ion movement and oxidative metabolism and is a secondary event to agonist-receptor occupation.

  15. Simultaneous Determinations of Histamine and N ?-Methylhistamine by High-Performance Liquid Chromatography-Chemiluminescence Coupled with Immobilized Diamine Oxidase

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. K. Alam; M. Sasaki; T. Watanabe; K. Maeyama

    1995-01-01

    A method for the simultaneous determinations of histamine and its metabolite N?-methylhistamine by HPLC-chemiluminescence coupled with immobilized diamine oxidase was developed. The method was based on the determination of chemiluminescence formed by the reaction of a luminol-ferricyanide mixture in alkaline medium with hydrogen peroxide which is one of the metabolic products of histamine and N?-methylhistamine formed by diamine oxidase. HPLC

  16. Organ Chemiluminescence: Noninvasive Assay for Oxidative Radical Reactions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alberto Boveris; Enrique Cadenas; Rudolf Reiter; Mark Filipkowski; Yuzo Nakase; Britton Chance

    1980-01-01

    In situ and perfused rat livers showed a spontaneous chemiluminescence of 7-12 counts \\/ sec\\\\cdot cm2 (corresponding to 7-12× 103 photons \\/ sec\\\\cdot cm2); chemiluminescence was increased up to 30 times by infusion of exogenous hydroperoxides. The chemiluminescence of the perfused liver was oxygen dependent. Ethyl, t-butyl, and cumene hydroperoxides were almost equally effective in inducing light emission in the

  17. A novel electrogenerated chemiluminescence sensing system for cystine determination based on its electrochemical parallel catalytic reaction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Guixin Li; Jie Yang; Xingwang Zheng; Meirong Meng; Jing Cao

    2010-01-01

    This paper describes a sensitive electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL) method for cystine determination with improved analytical\\u000a characteristics based on the combination of electrochemical parallel catalytic reaction and chemiluminescence (CL) signal\\u000a sensing. Cystine can be electrochemically reduced and gives a parallel catalytic wave effect in the presence of potassium\\u000a persulfate. The reaction circulated on the electrode and the amount of the reduced

  18. Recent applications of electrogenerated chemiluminescence in chemical analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Karsten A Fähnrich; Miloslav Pravda; George G Guilbault

    2001-01-01

    Analytical applications of electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL) are reviewed with emphasis on the years 1997–2000. Recent developments are described for the ECL of organics, metal complexes and clusters, cathodic ECL on oxide covered electrodes, ECL based immunosensors, DNA-probe assays and enzymatic biosensors. Mechanisms are given for polyaromatic hydrocarbons, luminol\\/hydrogen peroxide, some cathodic ECL reactions and ruthenium complexes with and without co-reactants.

  19. Chemiluminescence response of whole blood in patients undergoing urological operations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Sakumoto; T. Matsumoto; O. Mochida; S. Kubo; Y. Mizunoe; J. Kumazawa

    1997-01-01

    Polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) are one of the most important components of the defence mechanisms against bacterial infection.\\u000a The functions of PMNs are believed to be impaired in patients during the perioperative period. Bactericidal function of PMNs\\u000a was investigated together with the luminol-dependent chemiluminescence (CL) reaction of whole blood in 23 patients, 12 undergoing\\u000a open surgery and 11 undergoing endoscopic surgery.

  20. Determination of folic acid by capillary electrophoresis with chemiluminescence detection

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shulin Zhao; Hongyan Yuan; Chao Xie; Dan Xiao

    2006-01-01

    A rapid and simple method is presented for the determination of folic acid (FA) by capillary electrophoresis (CE) with chemiluminescence (CL) detection. This method was based on enhance effect of FA on the CL reaction between luminol and BrO? in alkaline aqueous solution. Optimal separation and determination was obtained with an electrophoretic buffer of 35mM sodium borate (pH 9.4) containing

  1. Measurement of product alignment in beam-gas chemiluminescent reactions

    E-print Network

    Zare, Richard N.

    development of molecular beam scat- tering studies. What experimental information that is available has been chemiluminescence method as applied to beam-gas scat- tering experiments. Conservation of angular momentum states

  2. Determination of phenolic compounds and their antioxidant activity in Erigeron acris L. extracts and pharmaceutical formulation by flow injection analysis with inhibited chemiluminescent detection

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Edyta Nalewajko-Sieliwoniuk; Jolanta Nazaruk; Ewelina Antypiuk; Anatol Koj?o

    2008-01-01

    It was found that the chemiluminescence (CL) produced from the reaction of luminol with iodine in the alkaline medium was strongly inhibited by plant phenolic compounds. Based on this finding, a new flow injection CL method was developed for the determination of caffeic acid and 6?-caffeoylerigeroside. The latter compound was isolated for the first time from Erigeron acris L. herb.

  3. Quenchers and inhibitors of chemiluminescence in the reduction reactions of Mn3+

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tsaplev, Yu. B.; Vasil'ev, R. F.; Trofimov, A. V.

    2015-06-01

    The effect of NaF and CH3CN on the chemiluminescent reactions of Mn(III) reduction in solutions of sulfuric acid is studied. It is established that NaF is an inhibitor of these reactions, and the quenching of chemiluminescence under the effect of NaF is nominal. Acetonitrile does not affect the kinetics of reactions under similar conditions and acts as a specific quencher of the chemiexcited emitter. The Stern-Volmer quenching constant is 52 ± 11 M-1.

  4. Infrared chemiluminescence study of the reaction Cl + HI yielding HCl + I at enhanced collision energies.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cowley, L. T.; Horne, D. S.; Polanyi, J. C.

    1971-01-01

    Performed chemiluminescence and beam experiments show a markedly increased efficiency of conversion of the reaction energy into vibration and a markedly enhanced tendency for forward scattering in the reaction Cl + HI yields HCl + I as compared with H + Cl2 yields HCl + Cl. These differences appear to be due predominantly to the difference in the masses involved.

  5. A direct interaction model for chemiluminescent reactions M. G. Prisant,a) C. T. Rettner,b) and R. N. ZareC

    E-print Network

    Zare, Richard N.

    A direct interaction model for chemiluminescent reactions M. G. Prisant,a) C. T. Rettner,b) and R-gas chemiluminescence reactions of the type: A + BC-+AB* + C, where AB* is an electronically excited diatomic product. For reactions studied using the technique ofelectronic chemiluminescence, the theoretical approach

  6. Chemiluminescence assay for quinones based on generation of reactive oxygen species through the redox cycle of quinone.

    PubMed

    Kishikawa, Naoya; Ohkubo, Nobuhiro; Ohyama, Kaname; Nakashima, Kenichiro; Kuroda, Naotaka

    2009-02-01

    A sensitive and selective chemiluminescence assay for the determination of quinones was developed. The method was based on generation of reactive oxygen species through the redox reaction between quinone and dithiothreitol as reductant, and then the generated reactive oxygen was detected by luminol chemiluminescence. The chemiluminescence was intense, long-lived, and proportional to quinone concentration. It is concluded that superoxide anion was involved in the proposed chemiluminescence reaction because the chemiluminescence intensity was decreased only in the presence of superoxide dismutase. Among the tested quinones, the chemiluminescence was observed from 9,10-phenanthrenequinone, 1,2-naphthoquinone, and 1,4-naphthoquinone, whereas it was not observed from 9,10-anthraquinone and 1,4-benzoquinone. The chemiluminescence property was greatly different according to the structure of quinones. The chemiluminescence was also observed for biologically important quinones such as ubiquinone. Therefore, a simple and rapid assay for ubiquinone in pharmaceutical preparation was developed based on the proposed chemiluminescence reaction. The detection limit (blank + 3SD) of ubiquinone was 0.05 microM (9 ng/assay) with an analysis time of 30 s per sample. The developed assay allowed the direct determination of ubiquinone in pharmaceutical preparation without any purification procedure. PMID:19066858

  7. Determination of agmatine in biological samples by capillary electrophoresis with chemiluminescence detection

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shulin Zhao; Chao Xie; Xin Lu; Yi-Ming Liu

    2006-01-01

    A fast and simple method based on capillary electrophoresis (CE) with chemiluminescence (CL) detection has been developed for the determination of agmatine, a recently identified neurotransmitter\\/modulator. The CE run time was approximately 2min for each sample injected. CL detection employed a lab-built reaction flow cell and a photon counter. The CL reagents used were luminol and NaBrO. The optimized conditions

  8. Multicommuted flow system for the determination of glucose in animal blood serum exploiting enzymatic reaction and chemiluminescence detection

    PubMed Central

    Pires, Cherrine K.; Martelli, Patrícia B.; Lima, José L. F. C.; Saraiva, Maria Lúcia M. F. S.

    2003-01-01

    An automatic flow procedure based on multicommutation dedicated for the determination of glucose in animal blood serum using glucose oxidase with chemiluminescence detection is described. The flow manifold consisted of a set of three-way solenoid valves assembled to implement multicommutation. A microcomputer furnished with an electronic interface and software written in Quick BASIC 4.5 controlled the manifold and performed data acquisition. Glucose oxidase was immobilized on porous silica beads (glass aminopropyl) and packed in a minicolumn (15 × 5 mm). The procedure was based on the enzymatic degradation of glucose, producing hydrogen peroxide, which oxidized luminol in the presence of hexacyanoferrate(III), causing the chemiluminescence. The system was tested by analysing a set of serum animal samples without previous treatment. Results were in agreement with those obtained with the conventional method (LABTEST Kit) at the 95% confidence level. The detection limit and variation coefficient were estimated as 12.0 mg l?1 (99.7% confidence level) and 3.5% (n = 20), respectively. The sampling rate was about 60 determinations h?1 with sample concentrations ranging from 50 to 600 mg l?1 glucose. The consumptions of serum sample, hexacyanoferrate(III) and luminol were 46 ?l, 10.0 mg and 0.2 mg/determination, respectively. PMID:18924619

  9. Flow-injection chemiluminescence determination of DNA based on a photochemical reaction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tomás Pérez-Ruiz; Carmen Mart??nez-Lozano; Virginia Tomás; Jesús Mart??n

    1999-01-01

    The determination of DNA using the coupling between a photochemical reaction and a chemiluminescent reaction in a flow injection (FI) system is described. The method is based on intercalating 9,10-anthraquinone-2,6-disulphonic acid (AQ) (disodium salt) within the helix of double-stranded calf thymus (CT) DNA. The anthraquinone molecules that are thus intercalated cannot sensitize the photooxidation of ethanol to yield hydrogen peroxide,

  10. Chemiluminescence spectra of the reaction products of gallium, indium and thallium vapors with nitrous oxide

    SciTech Connect

    Eliseev, M.V.; Koryazhkin, V.A.; Mal'tsev, A.A.; Popov, A.D.

    1983-03-01

    The search for active media for chemical lasers generating in the visible range has led to numerous investigations of the chemiluminescence of oxidation reactions of metals in the gas phase. In the present work, the chemiluminescence spectra of flames of gallium, indium, and thallium vapors in nitrous oxide in an argon flux are investigated. The chemiluminescence intensity was studied as a function of the total pressure in the reactor, the rate of admission of the nitrous oxide, the rate of admission of argon and the cell temperature. The oxide molecules formed are in vibrational levels of the electronic ground state that are close to the dissociational limit. As a result of collisions with argon atoms, the oxide molecule passes to the excited electronic state. The thermal effects of the above reaction and the equal dissociational energies of the oxide molecules are sufficient for excitation of the vibrational levels 10 and 2 of the excited electronic states of the GaO and InO molecules, respectively. Atomic chemiluminescence is evidently a consequence of collision of metal oxide molecules with metal atoms in the electronic ground states.

  11. Reaction of uranium (IV) with xenon difluoride by chemiluminescence, spectrophotometric, and spectrofluorimetric methods

    SciTech Connect

    Mamykin, A.V.; Kazakov, V.P.

    1988-07-01

    A study is made of the kinetics of the chemiluminescent reaction of oxidation of uranium (IV) by xenon difluoride in 1M HClO/sub 4/ U/sup 4 +/ + XeF/sub 2/ ..-->.. UO/sub 2//sup 2 +/ = h/eta/. The optical density D and the intensity of the photoluminescence of the solution I/sub PL/ were measured in parallel with recording of the luminescence intensity I/sub CL/. I/sub CL/ attains a maximum value some time after the beginning of the reaction, after which it decays exponentially. On the kinetic curves of the time dependence of D and I/sub PL/ an induction period is observed, the extent of which depends on concentrations of reagents and temperature of the solution. The maximum of I/sub CL/ coincides with the end of the induction period if the measurements are carried out under identical conditions. The rate of the reaction after the induction period is described by a first order equation in U/sup (IV)/. The rate constants of the reaction, obtained by chemiluminescence, spectrophotometric, and spectrofluorimetric methods, have close values 2.0 +- 0.4, 1.8 +- 0.3, and 2.1 +- 0.3 sec/sup /minus/1/ x 10/sup 2/, respectively. On the basis of the results obtained, we conclude that the stages of formation of UO/sub 2//sup 2 +/ and of chemiluminescence coincide, i.e., formation of the excited state (UD/sub 2//sup 2 +/) and of chemiluminescence coincide, i.e., formation of the excited state (UD/sub 2//sup 2 +/)* takes place during the reaction. It is proposed and experimentally verified that the reaction passes through an intermediate stage of formation of uranyl ion UO/sub 2//sup +/.

  12. Amplified electrochemiluminescence of luminol based on hybridization chain reaction and in situ generate co-reactant for highly sensitive immunoassay.

    PubMed

    Xiao, Lijuan; Chai, Yaqin; Yuan, Ruo; Cao, Yaling; Wang, Haijun; Bai, Lijuan

    2013-10-15

    In this work, we described a simple and highly sensitive electrochemiluminescence (ECL) strategy for IgG detection. Firstly, L-cysteine functionalized reduced graphene oxide composite (L-cys-rGO) was decorated on the glassy carbon electrode (GCE) surface. Then anti-IgG was immobilized on the modified electrode surface through the interaction between the carboxylic groups of the L-cys-rGO and the amine groups in anti-IgG. And then biotinylated anti-IgG (bio-anti-IgG) was assembled onto the electrode surface based on the sandwich-type immunoreactions. By the conjunction of biotin and streptavidin (SA), SA was immobilized, which in turn, combined with the biotin labeled initiator strand (S1). In the presence of two single DNA strands of glucose oxidase labeled S2 (GOD-S2) and complementary strand (S3), S1 could trigger the hybridization chain reaction (HCR) among S1, GOD-S2 and S3. Herein, due to HCR, numerous GOD was efficiently immobilizated on the sensing surface and exhibited excellent catalysis towards glucose to in situ generate amounts of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), which acted as luminol's co-reactant to significantly enhance the ECL signal. The proposed ECL immunosensor presented predominate stability and high sensibility for determination of IgG in the range from 0.1 pg mL(-1) to 100 ng mL(-1) with a detection limit of 33 fg mL(-1) (S/N=3). Additionally, the designed ECL immunosensor exhibited a promising application for other protein detection. PMID:24054635

  13. Increasing the specificity of the forensic luminol test for blood.

    PubMed

    Quickenden, T I; Cooper, P D

    2001-01-01

    It is shown that the presumptive luminol chemiluminescence test for the presence of traces of blood can be made more determinative by measuring the peak emission wavelength of the luminol chemiluminescence. When sprayed onto a surface containing traces of human haemoglobin, a 1 g/L solution of aqueous luminol containing 7 g/L sodium perborate gives an emission peak at 455 +/- 2 nm, whereas the same mixture gives an emission peak at 430 +/- 3 nm when sprayed onto a surface containing traces of sodium hypochlorite (household bleach). This spectral difference can readily be determined using spectroscopic equipment that either scans the spectrum before significant luminescence decay occurs or corrects the spectrum for the effects of any decay. It was found that bovine haemoglobin and human haemoglobin showed no significant spectral differences. PMID:11400264

  14. Chemiluminescence inhibition assay for folic acid using flow injection analysis.

    PubMed

    Song, Zhenghua; Wang, Lin

    2003-01-01

    A new flow injection method for the determination of folic acid is described. A fast oxidation reaction occurred when folic acid was mixed with potassium ferricyanide generating ferrocyanide which then inhibited the chemiluminescent reaction of ferricyanide and luminol in alkaline medium. The decrease of chemiluminescence intensity was correlated with the folic acid concentration in the range 0.1-21 microg/mL; the detection limit for the assay was 0.03 microg/mL (3sigma). A complete analysis of folic acid, including sampling and washing, could be performed within 2 min with a relative standard deviation of less than 4.0%. The proposed method has been applied successfully to the determination of folic acid in pharmaceutical preparations. PMID:12892416

  15. Changes in chemiluminescence of undiluted blood in patients with ischemic heart disease during laser therapy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    V. L. Voeikov; K. N. Novikov; N. I. Sych

    1998-01-01

    Three sessions of intravenous He?Ne laser therapy markedly decreased the intensity of luminol-dependent chemiluminescence\\u000a of undiluted blood in most patients with ischemic heart disease. After seven sessions, the chemiluminescence parameters in\\u000a most patients were similar to those in healthy donors. However, in some patients a 10-session course of laser therapy increased\\u000a the intensity of luminol-dependent chemiluminescence. A positive correlation was

  16. Determination of branched-chain L-amino acids by flow-injection analysis with co-immobilized leucine dehydrogenase\\/NADH oxidase and chemiluminescence detection

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nobutoshi Kiba; Akira Kato; Motohisa Furusawa

    1995-01-01

    A method for the determination of branched-chain L-amino acids in plasma is described. Leucine dehydrogenase and NADH oxidase were co-immobilized on aminated poly(vinyl alcohol) beads and incorporated in a flow-injection system with chemiluminescence detection. 20 ?1 sample solution was injected into the system. The hydrogen peroxide produced was detected chemiluminometrically via a luminol-hexacyanoferrate(III) reaction. The calibration graph was linear for

  17. Chemiluminescence analysis

    SciTech Connect

    Grayeski, M.L.

    1987-11-01

    Chemiluminescence (CL) is observed when light is emitted from a chemical reaction. If the reaction occurs in a living system or is derived from one, the process is called bioluminescence (BL). Many articles describe clinical, biological, and environmental applications using both gas- and solution-phase CL reactions. Although the lack of commercially available instrumentation, reagents, and methodology has somewhat restricted the widespread use of CL, certain applications are common: the measurement of total microbial cell counts using the firefly reaction and the determination of oxides of nitrogen with a gas-phase chemiluminescent reaction involving ozone. This REPORT will discuss only a few of the most recent developments in CL using reactions in solution.

  18. Chemiluminescence: An Illuminating Experiment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gafney, Harry D.; Adamson, Arthur W.

    1975-01-01

    Describes an experiment in which luminescence is observed during a reaction between sodium borohydride and trisbipyridalruthenium (III). Includes a discussion of the theory of chemiluminescence. (MLH)

  19. Attempted cleaning of bloodstains and its effect on the forensic luminol test.

    PubMed

    Creamer, Jonathan I; Quickenden, Terence I; Crichton, Leah B; Robertson, Patrick; Ruhayel, Rasha A

    2005-01-01

    The forensic luminol test has long been valued for its ability to detect trace amounts of blood that are invisible to the naked eye. This is the first quantitative study to determine the effect on the luminol test when an attempt is made to clean bloodstained tiles with a known interfering catalyst (bleach). Tiles covered with either wet or dry blood were tested, and either water or sodium hypochlorite solution (bleach) was used to clean the tiles. As expected, the chemiluminescence intensity produced when luminol was applied generally decreased with the number of times that a tile was cleaned with water, until the chemiluminescence was neither visible nor detectable. However, when the tiles were cleaned with bleach there was an initial drop in chemiluminescence intensity, followed by a rise to a consistently high value, visibly indistinguishable from that of blood. Examination of bleach drying time suggested that any interfering effect becomes negligible after 8 h. PMID:15966054

  20. High-throughput polymerase chain reaction chemiluminescent enzyme immunoassay for typing and quantifying human papillomavirus DNAs.

    PubMed

    Ambretti, Simone; Mirasoli, Mara; Venturoli, Simona; Zerbini, Marialuisa; Baraldini, Mario; Musiani, Monica; Roda, Aldo

    2004-09-15

    A miniaturized polymerase chain reaction (PCR) chemiluminescent enzyme immunoassay (CLEIA) based on a 384-well microtiter plate for detection and typing of oncogenic high- and low-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) in genital lesions is described. The assay relies on PCR consensus amplification, hybridization of the digoxigenin-labeled product by means of type-specific biotin-labeled oligoprobes immobilized on the streptavidin-coated wells of a 384-well microtiter plate, and quantification by means of a horseradish peroxidase-labeled antidigoxigenin antibody and chemiluminescence detection. The method provides semiquantitative information on the viral load, with a limit of detection of 10-50 DNA copies for HPV 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 53, 54, 58, and 59 and high reproducibility (intraassay CV 7.5%, interassay CV 9.5%). Results obtained on 60 clinical samples were concordant with those obtained with a conventional PCR-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay colorimetric assay. The 384 PCR-CLEIA method, which is amenable to automation, represents a fast and high-throughput method for detecting and typing HPV DNAs in screening programs and evaluating the viral load. PMID:15325304

  1. Two techniques for eliminating luminol interference material and flow system configurations for luminol and firefly luciferase systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Thomas, R. R.

    1976-01-01

    Two methods for eliminating luminol interference materials are described. One method eliminates interference from organic material by pre-reacting a sample with dilute hydrogen peroxide. The reaction rate resolution method for eliminating inorganic forms of interference is also described. The combination of the two methods makes the luminol system more specific for bacteria. Flow system designs for both the firefly luciferase and luminol bacteria detection systems are described. The firefly luciferase flow system incorporating nitric acid extraction and optimal dilutions has a functional sensitivity of 3 x 100,000 E. coli/ml. The luminol flow system incorporates the hydrogen peroxide pretreatment and the reaction rate resolution techniques for eliminating interference. The functional sensitivity of the luminol flow system is 1 x 10,000 E. coli/ml.

  2. Isoprinosine stimulates granulocyte chemiluminescence and inhibits monocyte chemiluminescence in vitro.

    PubMed

    Flø, R W; Naess, A; Albrektsen, G; Solberg, C O

    1994-04-01

    Isoprinosine may delay disease progression in human immunodeficiency virus infection, presumably through modulation of lymphocyte function. However, the influence of isoprinosine on phagocyte function is largely unknown. This study describes the effects of isoprinosine and azidothymidine on phagocyte chemiluminescence and migration. Incubation with isoprinosine concentrations of 250 micrograms/ml and above increased the chemiluminescence of granulocytes. Random migration of granulocytes was decreased at isoprinosine concentrations of 50 micrograms/ml and higher, but chemotaxis was not affected. Azidothymidine exerted no effect on the chemiluminescence or migration of granulocytes. For monocytes, luminol-enhanced chemiluminescence was reduced at isoprinosine concentrations of 250 micrograms/ml and above, whereas migration was not affected. These findings suggest that the immunomodulatory properties of isoprinosine may extend to phagocytic cells. This may be of significance in the treatment of immunodeficiency states. PMID:7516672

  3. Sensitivity of the luminol test with blue denim.

    PubMed

    Middlestead, Caitlyn; Thornton, John

    2010-09-01

    An article appearing in this journal in 2000 suggested that the sensitivity of the luminol test performed on denim fabric is usually no greater than at a 1:100 dilution of blood. This study shows that the luminol test may be unambiguously interpreted at substantially greater dilutions of blood. In this study, four different types of denim were tested by spraying a swatch of fabric with a typical formulation of the luminol reagent. Testing was conducted of dilutions of blood up to 1:1000, all of which showed distinct chemiluminescence. Diluted blood was applied to denim material in the form of a random number. A successful test was obtained only when a "blind" observer, i.e., an observer who was uninformed of the number, correctly reported the number. PMID:20487151

  4. Comparison of Uric Acid Quantity with Different Food in Human Urine by Flow Injection Chemiluminescence Analysis

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Jiajia; Tan, Xijuan; Song, Zhenghua

    2013-01-01

    Based on the inhibitory effect of uric acid (UA) on luminol-Co2+ chemiluminescence (CL) system, a sensitive method for the determination of UA at nanomolar level by flow injection (FI) CL was proposed. The proposed method was successfully applied to real-time monitoring of UA excretion in human 24?h urine with different food intake, showing that meats, vegetables, and porridge intake caused differential UA excretions of 879, 798, and 742?mg, respectively. It was also found that UA concentrations in urine under the three kinds of food intake simultaneously reached maximum at 2?h after meals with the values of 417, 318, and 288??g?mL?1, respectively. The UA concentration in human serum was also determined by this approach, and the possible mechanism of luminol-Co2+-UA?CL reaction was discussed in detail. PMID:24251067

  5. Chemiluminescence as diagnostic tool. A review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. Dodeigne; L. Thunus; R. Lejeune

    2000-01-01

    The principles of chemiluminescence and its applications as diagnostic tool are reviewed. After an introduction to the theoretical aspects of luminescence and energy transfer, the different classes of chemiluminogenic labels including luminol, acridinium compounds, coelenterazine and analogues, dioxetanes, systems based on peroxyoxalic acid and their derivatives are described emphasizing the molecules which best fulfil the requirements of today’s clinical chemistry.

  6. Direct-injection chemiluminescence detector. Properties and potential applications in flow analysis.

    PubMed

    Koronkiewicz, Stanislawa; Kalinowski, Slawomir

    2015-02-01

    We present a novel chemiluminescence detector, with a cone-shaped detection chamber where the analytical reaction takes place. The sample and appropriate reagents are injected directly into the chamber in countercurrent using solenoid-operated pulse micro-pumps. The proposed detector allows for fast measurement of the chemiluminescence signal in stop-flow conditions from the moment of reagents mixing. To evaluate potential applications of the detector the Fenton-like reaction with a luminol-H2O2 system and several transition metal ions (Co(2+), Cu(2+), Cr(3+), Fe(3+)) as a catalyst were investigated. The results demonstrate suitability of the proposed detector for quantitative analysis and for investigations of reaction kinetics, particularly rapid reactions. A multi-pumping flow system was designed and optimized. The developed methodology demonstrated that the shape of the analytical signals strongly depends on the type and concentration of the metal ions. The application of the detector in quantitative analysis was assessed for determination of Fe(III). The direct-injection chemiluminescence detector allows for a sensitive and repeatable (R.S.D. 2%) determination. The intensity of chemiluminescence increased linearly in the range from about 0.5 to 10 mg L(-1) Fe(III) with the detection limit of 0.025 mg L(-1). The time of analysis depended mainly on reaction kinetics. It is possible to achieve the high sampling rate of 144 samples per hour. PMID:25435236

  7. The NO + O and NO + O sub 3 reactions. 2. Analysis of NO sub 2 continuum chemiluminescence

    SciTech Connect

    Adler-Golden, S.M. (Spectral Sciences, Inc., Burlington, MA (USA))

    1989-01-26

    The NO{sub 2}* continuum chemiluminescence from the NO + O and NO + O{sub 3} reactions is simulated by using the model presented in the preceding paper. The model's validity is supported by the good agreement between calculated and experimental NO + O continuum spectra. A calculation of NO + O{sub 3} chemiluminescence assuming reaction on the ground potential energy surface alone is found to give reasonable agreement with experimental data on the continuum shape, absolute intensity, half-quenching pressure, and activation energy. This finding casts doubt on the popular hypothesis that NO{sub 2}* is formed in the NO + O{sub 3} reaction via an excited electronic channel.

  8. Collision energy dependence of the chemiluminescent reaction: Ba+N/sub 2/O. -->. BaO+N/sub 2/

    SciTech Connect

    Alcaraz, C.; de Pujo, P.; Cuvellier, J.; Mestdagh, J.M.

    1988-08-15

    The chemiluminescence spectrum of the reaction Ba+N/sub 2/O..-->..BaO+N/sub 2/ has been studied using a crossed beam apparatus as a function of the collision energy over the range 0.1--0.6 eV. The relative importance of its red wing increases as the collision energy is raised. Moreover, the cross section associated to chemiluminescence at a wavelength lambda of the range 450--700 nm goes through a maximum as the collision energy is varied, the position of which depends significantly on the value of lambda. The importance of this effect cast some doubt about works, where the energy dependence of the ''total'' chemiluminescence is measured using a detector which does not have a constant response over the wide range of the chemiluminescence. The analysis of the present results reveals that increasing the collision energy results in lowering the average vibrational excitation present in the emitting states A /sup 1/..sigma../sup +/ and A' /sup 1/Pi of the product BaO.

  9. A Greener Chemiluminescence Demonstration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jilani, Osman; Donahue, Trisha M.; Mitchell, Miguel O.

    2011-01-01

    Because they are dramatic and intriguing, chemiluminescence demonstrations have been used for decades to stimulate interest in chemistry. One of the most intense chemiluminescent reactions is the oxidation of diaryl oxalate diesters with hydrogen peroxide in the presence of a fluorescer. In typical lecture demonstrations, the commercially…

  10. The NO + O and NO + O sub 3 reactions. 1. Analysis of NO sub 2 vibrational chemiluminescence

    SciTech Connect

    Adler-Golden, S.M. (Spectral Sciences, Inc., Burlington, MA (USA))

    1989-01-26

    Low-resolution NO{sub 2}{nu}{sub 1} + {nu}{sub 3} and {nu}{sub 3} chemiluminescence spectra from the NO + O and NO + O{sub 3} reactions are simulated with a stepladder kinetic/spectroscopic model. The model uses simple parametrizations of radiative and collisional processes and assumes equipartition of electronic and vibrational energy. Good agreement is obtained with measurements of the {nu}{sub 1} + {nu}{sub 3} band shape and absolute intensity.

  11. The dynamics of surface-catalyzed reactions studied by infrared chemiluminescence of the CO and CO{sub 2} products

    SciTech Connect

    Watanabe, K.; Uetsuka, H.; Ohnuma, H.; Kunimori, K. [Univ. of Tsukuba, Ibaraki (Japan)

    1996-12-31

    The infrared chemiluminescence technique has been applied to the selective formation of syngas (CO + H{sub 2}) from the oxidation of small alkanes on Pt, the decomposition and oxidation of CH{sub 3}OH and HCOOH on Pt and Ni, and CO oxidation on Pd(111) and Pd(110). The different internal (vibrational and rotational) energy states of the CO and CO{sub 2} products have been observed, which reflect the difference in the dynamics of these reactions.

  12. Chemiluminescence immunoassay using magnetic nanoparticles with targeted inhibition for the determination of ochratoxin A.

    PubMed

    Kim, Sumin; Lim, H B

    2015-08-01

    In this work, a chemiluminescence (CL) immunoassay with targeted inhibition was developed for the determination of toxins in food products. For sample treatment, amine-functionalized magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) were synthesized to extract target molecules, and horseradish peroxidase (HRP) tagged on an antibody was used as a label for CL reaction. In particular, amine-targeted inhibition using aldehyde, i.e., specifically capping the amine with an alkyl group, was developed for a non-specific extraction platform to lower background and improve signal-to-background ratio. For demonstration, ochratoxin A (OTA) was determined in rice using a lab-built drop-type chemiluminescence (DCL) system with luminol-H2O2 reagent. The obtained limit of detection was 1.39pgmL(-1), which was about 7.3 times better than that of ELISA. Recovery of the method in the range of 87-99% was observed, which was compared with ELISA. PMID:26048840

  13. Measurement of salivary cortisol by a chemiluminescent organic-based immunosensor.

    PubMed

    Pires, N M M; Dong, T

    2014-01-01

    A highly sensitive chemiluminescent immunoassay (CLIA) using a sensitive organic photodetector was developed to detect human cortisol, an important biomarker for stress-related diseases. The developed CLIA was performed onto gold-coated glass chips, on which anti-cortisol antibodies were immobilised and chemiluminescent horseradish peroxidase-luminol-peroxide reactions were generated. Using cortisol-spiked artificial saliva samples, the CLIA biosensor showed a linear range of detection between 0.1 ng/mL and 175 ng/mL and a detection limit of 80 pg/mL. The sensor response was highly specific to cortisol and did not vary significantly between assays. The results indicate the potential clinical application of the CLIA sensor. Furthermore, the simple layered structure of the organic photodetector may encourage the realisation of integrated optical biosensors for point-of-use measurement of salivary cortisol levels. PMID:24211877

  14. Chemiluminescence flow sensor for berberine with immobilized reagents.

    PubMed

    Song, Z; Zhao, T; Wang, L; Xiao, Z

    2001-07-01

    A sensitive chemiluminescence (CL) sensor for berberine combined with flow-injection (FI) technology is described. The analytical reagents involved in the CL reaction, including luminol and potassium ferricyanide, were both immobilized on an anion-exchange resin column. While a volume of sodium phosphate was passed through the column, the two CL reagents were eluted from the resin and then mixed with a berberine stream under alkaline conditions. By means of the fast oxidation reaction between berberine and potassium ferricyanide, potassium ferrocyanide was generated, which then inhibited the CL reaction of luminol and potassium ferricyanide. The decreased CL intensity was correlated with the berberine concentration in the range from 0.05 to 300 ng mL(-1 )with a relative standard deviation of less than 4.3%, and the limit of detection was 0.02 ng mL(-1) at a flow rate of 2.0 mL min(-1). It was shown that the flow sensor could greatly improve the selectivity and sensitivity for determination of berberine. The determination of analyte could be performed in 2 min, including sampling and washing and be stable for over 300 analyses. Some interference and additives in preparations were tested. Two herbal medicines commonly found in compound prescriptions, rutin and baicalin, were studied preliminarily. The method has been applied for the determination of berberine in pharmaceutical preparations successfully. PMID:11425570

  15. New method for monitoring nitric oxide in vivo using microdialysis sampling and chemiluminescence reaction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yao, Dachun; Evmiridis, Nick P.; Zhou, Yikai; Xu, Shunqing; Zhou, Huarong

    2001-09-01

    A new method employing a combination of micro dialysis sampling and chemiluminescence reaction was developed to monitor nitric oxide (NO) in vivo. A special probe was designed with an interference-free membrane to achieve a very high selectivity for NO. High sensitivity was achieved by optimizing the working system and improving the NO sampling time. This system was used in vivo to monitor blood and brain tissue in rats and rabbits. We have established that this system is sensitive enough to detect variations in NO production in difference physiological state. The system can detect NO in the linear range of 5nM-1(mu) M, with a detection limit of 1nM, and real NO concentrations in our experimental animals were found to be in the range of 1-5 nM or even less. Finally, the effects of body temperature, NO donors, Viagra, NO activators, NO cofactors, NO interference were investigated carefully in different physiological situations.

  16. Postmortem interval of skeletal remains through the detection of intraosseal hemin traces. A comparison of UV-fluorescence, luminol, Hexagon-OBTI®, and Combur® tests.

    PubMed

    Ramsthaler, Frank; Ebach, Sarah C; Birngruber, Christoph G; Verhoff, Marcel A

    2011-06-15

    With the goal of obtaining additional practically applicable methods for estimating the PMI of skeletal remains, 39 samples of human and 5 samples of domestic animal long bones with known PMI (PMI=1 to approximately 2000 years) were tested with two established methods (UV-fluorescence of a freshly sawn cross-section and the luminol test) and two screening tests (Hexagon-OBTI® test and Combur® test) that were being tried out in this context for the first time. The hypothesis underlying this experiment was the supposition that the PMI-related chemiluminescence of the luminol reaction for bone is based on the presence of persisting hemin from hemoglobin molecules in bone. Our results showed that lack of luminescence and reduced UV-fluorescence were more meaningful results for estimating PMI and excluding forensic relevance than a positive luminol reaction or strong UV-fluorescence, as both of the latter findings revealed the limitations of these methods in this particular context. Particularly for cases showing a positive luminol reaction, the use of additional absolute dating methods may be indicated. Against our expectations, both the Combur® test strips and the Hexagon-OBTI® test, which were both devised to demonstrate blood, delivered negative results for all samples. They are thus not suitable for estimating the PMI of skeletal remains. Future research will be necessary to elucidate whether the negative results obtained for these tests may be due to the poor solubility of potentially present hemoglobin or hemoglobin breakdown products in the Tris buffer used in this experiment. PMID:21237592

  17. Infrared chemiluminescence from the NO + HCO reaction: observation of the 2 ?1- ?1 hot band of HNO

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Butkovskaya, N. I.; Muravyov, A. A.; Setser, D. W.

    1997-02-01

    Infrared chemiluminescence in the 2200-3000 cm -1 range was observed from vibrationally excited HNO molecules produced in the reaction of NO with HCO. Formyl radicals were obtained from the OH + CH 2O reaction in as reactor connected with a Fourier transform spectrometer. The HNO spectrum consists of ??1 = -1 transitions from the (1 ?2?3) and (200) levels. The anharmonicity coefficient x11 = - 116±1 cm -1 was obtained from the position of the center of the (002)-(001) hot band, ?0 = 2452 cm -1.

  18. Diagnostic validity of the chemiluminescent method compared to polymerase chain reaction for hepatitis B virus detection in the routine clinical diagnostic laboratory

    PubMed Central

    Khadem-Ansari, Mohammad-Hassan; Omrani, Mir-Davood; Rasmi, Yousef; Ghavam, Arsalan

    2014-01-01

    Background: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is the most common significant chronic viral infection world-wide. Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) has been the principal target for laboratory testing to identify active infection by HBV. We aimed to find out diagnostic validity of the Liaison chemiluminescent method compared to the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method for HBV detection in the routine clinical diagnostic laboratory. Materials and Methods: From 350 patients suspicious of having infection with HBV, serum samples were separated and used for testing HBsAg by two methods of Liaison chemiluminescent immunoassay, with HBsAg confirmatory test and PCR method. Results: According to the PCR results as assumed as gold standard method with 100% sensitivity and specificity, detection rate sensitivity of chemiluminescent with confirmatory test was 96% and its specificity was 100%, and for chemiluminescent without confirmatory test sensitivity and specificity were 100% and 70%, respectively. Also for chemiluminescent with confirmatory test, positive predictive value (PPV) was 100% and its negative predictive value (NPV) was 97%, compared to chemiluminescent without confirmatory test with PPV and NPV equal to 71% and 100%, respectively. Conclusions: It is possible to conclude that in the majority of the HBV cases, the diagnostic value of chemiluminescent method compared to the PCR method is acceptable, except in low indexes positive cases that need further investigation with the PCR method. PMID:24949287

  19. Multiple signal amplification electrogenerated chemiluminescence biosensors for sensitive protein kinase activity analysis and inhibition.

    PubMed

    Wang, Zonghua; Yan, Zhiyong; Sun, Na; Liu, Yang

    2015-06-15

    A novel electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL) biosensor was built for the detection of kinase activity based on multiple signal amplification nanoprobes. In this strategy, the Xanthine oxidase (XOD) and 5'-phosphate group end DNA conjugated AuNPs was integrated with the phosphorylated peptide by Zr(4+). The XOD on gold nanoparticles can catalyze dissolved oxygen to produce H2O2 in the presence of hypoxanthine (HA) which acts as a coreactor for luminol ECL reaction. In addition, due to the excellent catalytic activity of gold nanoparticle toward luminol ECL reaction and its large surface area that can accommodate large number of XOD and DNA on the surface, the ECL signal of luminol was significantly amplified, affording a highly sensitive ECL analysis of kinase activity. The as-proposed biosensor presents a low detection limit of 0.09 U mL(-1) for protein kinase A (PKA) activity, wide linear range (from 0.1 to 10 U mL(-1)) and excellent stability even in serum samples. This biosensor can also be applied for quantitative kinase inhibitor evaluation. The robust ECL biosensor provides a valuable tool for the high throughput assay in the applications of clinic diagnostic and therapeutic. PMID:25682506

  20. Determination of levodopa by capillary electrophoresis with chemiluminescence detection.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Shulin; Bai, Wenling; Wang, Bing; He, Min

    2007-08-15

    A rapid and simple method using capillary electrophoresis (CE) with chemiluminescence (CL) detection was developed for the determination of levodopa. This method was based on enhance effect of levodopa on the CL reaction between luminol and potassium hexacyanoferrate(III) (K(3)[Fe(CN)(6)]) in alkaline aqueous solution. CL detection employed a lab-built reaction flow cell and a photon counter. The optimized conditions for the CL detection were 1.0 x 10(-5)M luminol added to the CE running buffer and 5.0 x 10(-5)M K(3)[Fe(CN)(6)] in 0.6M NaOH solution introduced postcolumn. Under the optimal conditions, a linear range from 5.0 x 10(-8) to 2.5 x 10(-6)M (r=9991), and a detection limit of 2.0 x 10(-8)M (signal/noise=3) for levodopa were achieved. The precision (R.S.D.) on peak area (at 5.0 x 10(-7)M of levodopa, n=11) was 4.1%. The applicability of the method for the analysis of pharmaceutical and human plasma samples was examined. PMID:19071861

  1. Chemiluminescence flow sensor for folic acid with immobilized reagents.

    PubMed

    Song, Z; Zhou, X

    2001-11-01

    A novel chemiluminescence (CL) sensor for folic acid combined flow-injection (FI) technology was presented in this paper. The analytical reagents involved in the CL reaction, including luminol and hexacyanoferrate(III), were both immobilized on an anion-exchange column in FI system. The CL signal produced by the reaction between luminol and hexacyanoferrate(III), which were eluted from the column through sodium phosphate injection, was decreased in the presence of folic acid. The CL emission was correlated with the folic acid concentration in the range from 0.01 to 15 microg ml(-1), and the detection limit was 3.5 ng ml(-1) folic acid (3sigma). At a flow rate of 2.0 ml min(-1), including sampling and washing, could be performed in 2 min with a relative standard deviation of < 2.5%. The flow sensor could be reused more than 300 times and has been applied to the analysis of folic acid in pharmaceutical preparations. and the recovery was from 97.4% to 100.4%. PMID:11765783

  2. Effect of High-Pressure Helium on Latex-Induced Activated Chemiluminescence of Human Blood Leucocytes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Yu. Tyurin-Kuz'min; A. V. Vdovin

    2003-01-01

    High-pressure helium reduces the latex-induced activated chemiluminescence of diluted human blood. This effect is more noticeable, when lucigenin rather than luminol is used as the activator of chemiluminescence. The effect lessens in the presence of Mg2+ but not Ca2+. The data suggest the association of this effect with actin polymerization in leucocytes phagocytosing the latex particles.

  3. Oxidation Reaction between Periodate and Polyhydroxyl Compounds and Its Application to Chemiluminescence.

    PubMed

    Lin, J M; Yamada, M

    1999-05-01

    The oxidation reaction between periodate and polyhydroxyl compounds was studied. A strong chemiluminescent (CL) emission was observed when the reaction took place in a strong alkaline solution without any special CL reagent. However, in acidic or neutral solution, it was hard to record the CL with our instrument. It was interesting to find that in the presence of carbonate the CL signal was enhanced significantly. When O(2) gas and N(2) gas were blown into the reagent solutions, both background and CL signals of the sample were enhanced by O(2) and decreased by N(2). The spectral distribution of the CL emission showed two main bands (? = 436-446 and 471-478 nm). Based on the studies of the spectra of CL, fluorescence and UV-visible, a possible CL mechanism was proposed. In strongly alkaline solution, periodate reacts with the dissolved oxygen to produce superoxide radical ions. A microamount of singlet oxygen ((1)O(2)*) could be produced from the superoxide radicals. A part of the superoxide radicals acts on carbonates and/or bicarbonates leading to the generation of carbonate radicals. Recombination of carbonate radicals may generate excited triplet dimers of two CO(2) molecules ((CO(2))(2)*). Mixing of periodate with carbonate generated were very few (1)O(2)* and (CO(2))(2)*. These two emitters contribute to the CL background. The addition of polyhydroxyl compounds or H(2)O(2) caused enhancement of the CL signal. It may be due to the production of (1)O(2)* during the oxidized decomposition of the analytes in periodate solution. This reaction system has been established as a flow injection analysis for H(2)O(2), pyrogallol, and ?-thioglycerol and their detection limits were 5 × 10(-)(9), 5 × 10(-)(9), and 1 × 10(-)(8) M, respectively. Considering the effective reaction ions, IO(4)(-), CO(3)(2)(-), and OH(-) could be immobilized on a strongly basic anion-exchange resin. A highly sensitive flow CL sensor for H(2)O(2), pyrogallol, and ?-thioglycerol was also prepared. PMID:21662816

  4. Plant tissue-based chemiluminescence biosensor for ethanol.

    PubMed

    Huang, Yuming; Wu, Fangqiong

    2006-07-01

    A plant tissue-based chemiluminescence biosensor for ethanol based on using mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) tissue as the recognition element is proposed in this paper. The principle for ethanol sensing relies on the luminol-potassium hexacyanoferrate(III)-hydrogen peroxide transducer reaction, in which hydrogen peroxide is produced from the ethanol enzymatic catalytic oxidation by oxygen under the catalysis of alcohol oxidase in the tissue column. Under optimum conditions, the method allowed the measurement of ethanol in the range of 0.001 - 2 mmol/l with a detection limit (3 sigma) of 0.2 micromol/l. The relative standard deviation (RSD) was 4.14% (n = 11) for 0.05 mmol/l ethanol. The proposed method has been applied to the determination of ethanol in biological fluids and beverages with satisfactory results. PMID:16837747

  5. Development a novel approach of chemiluminescent probe array.

    PubMed

    Li, Xiaohua; Zhang, Zhujun; Tao, Liang; Li, Yongbo; Li, Yunyun

    2014-01-01

    A new chemiluminescent (CL) probe array assay approach was first developed. The new CL probe array was based on Co3O4-SiO2 mesoporous nanocomposite material, which not only has an excellent catalytic effect on the luminol-H2O2 CL reaction in alkaline medium but also can be used for the immobilization of enzymes. As a model, the novel bifunctional CL probe array has been applied to the high-throughput determination of glucose in human. The linear range of the glucose concentration was 3-90 ?M and the detection limit was 0.36 ?M. It breaks traditional development view in solid phase supports and provides new insights into the application of mesoporous material. PMID:24177871

  6. Sensitive determination of synephrine by flow-injection chemiluminescence.

    PubMed

    Li, Qian; Huang, Chengzhi; Huang, Yuming

    2006-01-01

    It was found that light emission produced by the oxidation of luminol by potassium ferricyanide in basic medium was enhanced by synephrine, an anti-obesity drug. The optimum conditions for this chemiluminescent reaction were studied in detail in a flow injection system and employed in a new, simple and rapid method for the determination of synephrine. A mechanism for this reaction is proposed, based on the chemiluminescence reaction spectra. In the optimum conditions, CL intensity is proportional to concentration of synephrine in the 0.008-1 microg/mL range. The limit of detection is 1.6 ng/mL for synephrine (3sigma), and the relative standard deviation (n = 11) is 2.6% for 0.5 microg/mL synephrine. The method was applied to the determination of synephrine in herbal products, citrus fruit and biological fluids. The recoveries were satisfactory (90-102%). The results given by the proposed method are in good agreement with those given by HPLC-UV. PMID:16100748

  7. [Determination of dopamine hydrochloride by a reverse flow injection chemiluminescence method].

    PubMed

    Wang, Shu-Hao; Du, Ling-Yun; Wei, Xin-Ting; Wang, Liang-Yu; Zhuang, Hui-Sheng

    2005-05-01

    A novel chemiluminescence system coupled with a reverse flow injection analysis for the determination of dopamine hydrochloride was presented. It is based on th e strong quench effect of dopamine hydrochloride on the chemiluminescence reaction between luminol and hexacyanoferrate(III) under alkaline condition. Various factors affecting the chemiluminescence intensity of the system were investigated. The possible mechanism of the proposed method was also studied. The decrease of chemiluminescence intensity was linear with the dopamine hydrochloride content in the range of 2.0 x 10(-9) -8.0 x 10(-7) g x mL(-1), the detection limit of the method was 1.14 x 10(-9) g x mL(-1), and the relative standard deviation was 0.99% (4.0 x 10(-7) g x mL(-1), n = 11). It was successfully used for the determination of the content of dopamine hydrochloride in dopamine hydrochloride injection. PMID:16128061

  8. [Development and assessment of a chemiluminescence assay kit for detecting anti-HEV IgG].

    PubMed

    Zhang, Minna; Hu, Yan; Hou, Jun; Gao, Rong; Shi, Sujuan; Wang, Baojun; Ou, Weijun; Yang, Yongping; Mao, Panyong

    2015-05-01

    Objective To develop an anti-hepatitis E virus (anti-HEV) IgG chemiluminescence assay kit and assess its clinical application. Methods The HEV recombinant antigen was used as coating antigen, horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-conjugated monoclonal anti-human IgG as the secondary antibody, and the luminol chemiluminescent reaction system as a substrate. The sensitivity, specificity, precision and other technical indicators of the kit were evaluated using the HEV national reference product, and a contrast experiment was conducted on 1012 serum samples by the kit developed in this research and a commercialized anti-HEV IgG chemiluminescence assay kit. Results The sensitivity, specificity, precision and stability of all the three batches of kit reached national standard. In the detection of 1012 clinical serum samples, the positive coincidence rate of both kits was 97.4%, the negative coincidence rate was 99.4%, and the total coincidence rate reached 98.4%. Conclusion An anti-HEV IgG chemiluminescence assay kit has been successfully developed. The kit is of high sensitivity and specificity, easy to operate. It is applicable to the clinical diagnosis and epidemiological survey of HEV infection. PMID:25940294

  9. Glucocorticosteroids and in vitro effects on chemiluminescence of isolated bovine blood granulocytes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dagmar Hoeben; Christian Burvenich; Anne-Marie Massart-Leën

    1998-01-01

    The effects of glucocorticosteroids on respiratory burst of bovine granulocytes were studied in vitro by means of (1) chemiluminescence (luminol-dependent, phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA)-stimulated), (2) a cell-free chemiluminescence assay, and (3) a myeloperoxidase assay. Significant effects on cellular chemiluminescence were only observed at the highest, not obtainable in vivo, concentration for all drugs except betamethasone. Prednisolone induced inhibition at therapeutic

  10. Continuous measurement of nitrous acid (HONO) in indoor environment using a diffusion scrubber and chemiluminescence method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Park, S.; Hong, J.; Lee, J.; Cho, S.

    2006-12-01

    Recent study has demonstrated that the use of combustion appliances in indoor environments, e.g., gas stoves and heaters, results in significant concentrations of NO2 and nitrous acid (HONO). Indoor HONO is formed by both direct emissions from combustion processes and the heterogeneous reaction of NO2 with water vapor on surfaces present indoors. In this study in-situ instrument was constructed for measuring HONO concentration in both indoor and outdoor environments, utilizing diffusion scrubber and peroxynitrite-induced luminol chemiluminescent methods. We measured the HONO concentration under the conditions existing in living room of an apartment, along with NO, NO2, temperature, and relative humidity, to investigate the sources, chemical transformation, and lifetimes of nitrogen oxides and HONO. Some experiments investigated the emissions and transformations of nitrogen species from operation of unvented or vented gas appliance. Measurement data of NO, NO2, and HONO will be reported, and formation pathway of the HONO under the experimental conditions will also be discussed. In addition to measurement of indoor HONO, comparison of HONO measurements by luminol chemiluminescence and annular denuder integrated samples was made in outdoor environment. HONO in ambient air was sampled with annular denuders (Teflon-coated PM2.5 cyclone inlet followed by two Na2CO3-coated denuders coupled in series) operated at 16.7 L/min. Acknowledgement This study was supported by grant No. (# R01-2005-000-10775-0) from the Basic Research Program of the Korea Science and Engineering Foundation (KOSEF).

  11. Rate Determination of the CO2* Chemiluminescence Reaction CO + O + M = CO2* + M 

    E-print Network

    Kopp, Madeleine Marissa, 1987-

    2012-10-15

    * chemiluminescence measurements in syngas and methane flames and observed good agreement with model predictions. CO2* measurements were made by Schuermans et al. [46] in 2010 in thermo-acoustic modeling of a gas turbine, and in 2011, Gupta et al. [1] studied...

  12. Determination of folic acid by capillary electrophoresis with chemiluminescence detection.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Shulin; Yuan, Hongyan; Xie, Chao; Xiao, Dan

    2006-02-24

    A rapid and simple method is presented for the determination of folic acid (FA) by capillary electrophoresis (CE) with chemiluminescence (CL) detection. This method was based on enhance effect of FA on the CL reaction between luminol and BrO(-) in alkaline aqueous solution. Optimal separation and determination was obtained with an electrophoretic buffer of 35 mM sodium borate (pH 9.4) containing 0.8 mM luminol, and an oxidizer solution of 1.6 mM NaBrO in 100 mM NaCO(3) buffer solution (pH 12.0). Under the optimal conditions, the determination of FA was achieved in less than 20 min, and the detection limit was 2.0 x 10(-8) M (S/N=3). The relative standard deviations (RSDs) on peak area and migration time were in the 1.5 and 1.1%, respectively. The present CE-CL method was applied to the determination of FA in commercial pharmaceutical tablets, apple juices and human urine. PMID:16413558

  13. Micro determination of cortisol and cortisone in umbilical cord blood by chemiluminescent high-performance liquid chromatography.

    PubMed

    Hasegawa, Takeshi; Kubo, Hiroaki; Shinozaki, Koichi; Nowatari, Masahiko; Ishii, Masahiro

    2010-06-01

    A simple, sensitive and specific chemiluminescent high-performance liquid chromatography method, based on the luminol reaction, for determination of serum cortisol and cortisone, was established. In infants, placental 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 enzyme (11beta-HSD2) activity may affect adrenal function early after birth. The cortisol-cortisone ratio of serum concentrations in umbilical cord blood is an indicator of placental 11beta-HSD2 activity. The optimum conditions for the luminol reaction were determined to be 1.5 mM luminol, 0.6 M sodium hydroxide, 0.15 mm potassium hexacyanoferrate(III) and 200 mM potassium hexacyanoferrate (II). The calibration curves for cortisol and cortisone exhibited good linearity. The correlation coefficients of the calibration curves were 0.996. The intra- and inter-day precisions were in the ranges: cortisol 7.0-12.2 and 4.4-9.2%, cortisone 5.3-7.0 and 6.2-9.9%. The recoveries of these steroids were in the ranges: cortisol 97-105%, cortisone 94-102%. The limits of detection were as follows: cortisol, 0.17 microg/dl; cortisone 0.15 microg/dl. This assay could be successfully applied to determination of the cortisol-cortiosone ratio of serum concentrations in umbilical cord bloods. PMID:19816851

  14. Chemiluminescent and Bioluminescent Techniques

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Larry J. Kricka

    intermediates that decay to a ground state with the emission of light. BL is a special type of CL found in nature, in which the light emission is facilitated by an enzyme(luciferase) or a photoprotein. The overall quan- tum yield of a CL reaction (the number of photons emitted\\/number of molecules reacting) is generally in the range 1-10% (e.g., luminol

  15. Novel chemiluminescence-inducing cocktails, part I: The role in light emission of combinations of luminal with SIN1, selenite, albumin, glucose oxidase and Co 2+

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Isaac Ginsburg; Milu Sadovnic; Miriam Oron; Ron Kohen

    2004-01-01

    It is known that many agents influence the capacity of cells to produce reactive oxygen species. However, assaying these agents, both those that stimulate and those that inhibit reactive oxygen production, can be complicated and time consuming. Here, a method is described in which two different cocktails are employed to stimulate luminol-dependent chemiluminescence (LDCL). These cocktails are comprised of luminol,

  16. Chemiluminescence in the reactions Mn + O sub 2 , NO sub 2 , CO sub 2 , and SO sub 2

    SciTech Connect

    Levy, M.R. (Newcastle Polytechnic, Newcastle upon Tyne (United Kingdom))

    1991-10-31

    A laser-ablated pulsed beam of Mn atoms has been employed to determine the translational energy dependence of the chemiluminescent processes Mn(a{sup 6}S,a{sup 6}D{sub J},{hor ellipsis}) + RO {yields} MnO{sup *}(A{sup 6}{Sigma}{sup +}) + R, where R = O, NO, CO, and SO. Analysis of the excitation functions by microcanonical transition-state theory indicates that only a very few Mn states contribute significantly - most probably a{sup 6}D{sub J}, a{sup 4}D{sub J}, and perhaps (in the O{sub 2} case only) z{sup 8}P{sub J}. With the exception of Mn{sup *}(a{sup 4}D{sub J}) + O{sub 2} and CO{sub 2}, the results are consistent with simple adiabatic state correlations. All a{sup 6}D{sub J}-assigned reactions appear to proceed through a potential well, with a barrier in the exit channel; but, as collision energy increases, most, if not all, of the excitation functions change to the simple line-of-centers form, indicating that the well no longer influences the transition-state dynamics. Depletion in the chemiluminescence at higher energies still is attributed to recrossing.

  17. Ultrasensitive flow injection chemiluminescence detection of DNA hybridization using nanoCuS tags

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Caifeng Ding; Hua Zhong; Shusheng Zhang

    2008-01-01

    A novel and sensitive biosensor for the determination of short sequence of DNA based on flow injection (FI)-chemiluminescence (CL) system of luminol–H2O2–Cu2+ was developed in the present work. The DNA probe labeled with copper sulfide nanoparticles (CuS NPs) could hybridize with target DNA immobilized on glass–carbon electrode (GCE). The hybridization events were monitored by the CL intensity of luminol–H2O2–Cu2+ after

  18. NO2 measurement by chemiluminescence

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Conway, E. J.; Rogowski, R. S.; Richards, R. R.

    1979-01-01

    Compact device monitors specific chemiluminescent reaction of heated solid material such as 3,5 diaminobezoic or polyvinyl alcohol after contact with gas sample to detect and quantify nitrogen dioxide concentration.

  19. Molecular beam chemiluminescence studies of the NO + O/sub 3/ reaction and modeling of global NO/sub 2/ distribution

    SciTech Connect

    Kowalczyk, M.

    1980-11-01

    The results of a crossed molecular beam study of the chemiluminescent reaction NO + 0/sub 3/ ..-->.. NO/sub 2/ + 0/sub 2/ are discussed. The chemiluminescence as a function of collision energy and an excitation function were obtained using a translationally cooled supersonic NO beam. An investigation into the role of the internal energy states using an effusive NO beam and a supersonic O/sub 3/ beam has been presented. The results show that chemiluminescence enhancement occurs when high and low temperature NO experiments are compared. The role that other energy modes may have is discussed. The observed enhancement is consistent with the concept that the chemiluminescence cross section increases with NO molecular rotation for low J states. The second part discusses the role of NO/sub 2/ in preserving a global ozone balance. NO/sub 2/ vertical profiles based on Noxon's (1979) column measurements were derived. The method of instantaneous rates was used to calculate the rate of ozone production and destruction by O/sub x/ and NO/sub x/ on a grid that covered the entire globe. The results were presented as a function of altitude and latitude in contour plots.

  20. High-sensitivity chemiluminescence detection of cytokines using an antibody-immobilized CMOS image sensor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hong, Dong-Gu; Joung, Hyou-Arm; Kim, Sang-Hyo; Kim, Min-Gon

    2013-05-01

    In this study, we used a Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS) image sensor with immobilizing antibodies on its surface to detect human cytokines, which are activators that mediate intercellular communication including expression and control of immune responses. The CMOS image sensor has many advantages over the Charge Couple Device, including lower power consumption, operation voltage, and cost. The photodiode, a unit pixel component in the CMOS image sensor, receives light from the detection area and generates digital image data. About a million pixels are embedded, and size of each pixel is 3 x 3 ?m. The chemiluminescence reaction produces light from the chemical reaction of luminol and hydrogen peroxide. To detect cytokines, antibodies were immobilized on the surface of the CMOS image sensor, and a sandwich immunoassay using an HRP-labeled antibody was performed. An HRP-catalyzed chemiluminescence reaction was measured by each pixel of the CMOS image sensor. Pixels with stronger signals indicated higher cytokine concentrations; thus, we were able to measure human interleukin-5 (IL-5) at femtomolar concentrations.

  1. Metal-enhanced chemiluminescence: advanced chemiluminescence concepts for the 21st century.

    PubMed

    Aslan, Kadir; Geddes, Chris D

    2009-09-01

    Chemiluminescent-based detection is entrenched throughout the biosciences today, such as in blotting, analyte and protein quantification and detection. While the biological applications of chemiluminescence are forever growing, the underlying principles of using a probe, an oxidizer and a catalyst (biological, organic or inorganic) have remained mostly unchanged for decades. Subsequently, chemiluminescence-based detection is fundamentally limited by the classical photochemical properties of reaction yield, quantum yield, etc. However, over the last 5 years, a new technology has emerged which looks set to fundamentally change the way we both think about and use chemiluminescence today. Metal surface plasmons can amplify chemiluminescence signatures, while low-power microwaves can complete reactions within seconds. In addition, thin metal films can convert spatially isotopic chemiluminescence into directional emission. In this forward looking tutorial review, we survey what could well be the next-generation chemiluminescent-based technologies. PMID:19690736

  2. An Integrated Microfluidic System with Chemiluminescence Detection for Single Cell Analysis after Intracellular Labeling

    PubMed Central

    Zhao, Shulin; Li, Xiangtang

    2009-01-01

    This work describes the first application of microchip electrophoresis with chemiluminescence detection (MCE-CL) in single cell analysis. Human red blood cells were assayed to determine intracellular content of glutathione (GSH). Intracellular GSH was first labeled by incubating cells with diazo-luminol, and then individual cells were injected, in-line lysed, and MCE separated. CL detection was based on the oxidation reaction of luminol - labeled GSH with NaBrO. The MCE-CL assay had a linear calibration curve over a range from 0.2~ 90 amol GSH injected with a correlation coefficient of 0.9991 and a detection limit of 50 zmol or 3.6× 10?9 M (S/N = 3). The average content of GSH in individual human red blood cells was found 64.9 amol (n= 17). Compared with the MCE methods with laser induced fluorescence detection (LIF) reported so far for single cell analysis, the present MCE-CL assay of GSH is simple and about 100 times more sensitive. PMID:19382810

  3. Determination of agmatine in biological samples by capillary electrophoresis with chemiluminescence detection.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Shulin; Xie, Chao; Lu, Xin; Liu, Yi-Ming

    2006-02-17

    A fast and simple method based on capillary electrophoresis (CE) with chemiluminescence (CL) detection has been developed for the determination of agmatine, a recently identified neurotransmitter/modulator. The CE run time was approximately 2 min for each sample injected. CL detection employed a lab-built reaction flow cell and a photon counter. The CL reagents used were luminol and NaBrO. The optimized conditions for the CL detection were 5 x 10(-4)M luminol added to the CE running buffer and 5.0 x 10(-4)M NaBrO in 100 mM NaCO3-NaOH buffer solution at pH 12.5 introduced post column. Detection limit for agmatine was 4.3 x 10(-6)M (S/N=3). The precision (R.S.D.) on peak height (at 1 x 10(-5)M agmatine) and migration time were 3.7 and 2.5%, respectively. The present CE-CL method was evaluated with the determination of agmatine in tissue samples taken from rat brain, and rat and monkey stomachs. Samples were directly injected into the CE-CL system after the removal of proteins. A higher level of agmatine was detected in the stomach samples. Agmatine concentrations in the tissue samples taken from rat and monkey stomachs were similar at approximately 1950 ng/g wet tissue. PMID:16427815

  4. Integrated microfluidic system with chemiluminescence detection for single cell analysis after intracellular labeling.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Shulin; Li, Xiangtang; Liu, Yi-Ming

    2009-05-15

    This work describes the first application of microchip electrophoresis with chemiluminescence detection (MCE-CL) in single cell analysis. Human red blood cells were assayed to determine intracellular content of glutathione (GSH). Intracellular GSH was first labeled by incubating cells with diazo-luminol, and then individual cells were injected, in-line lysed, and MCE separated. CL detection was based on the oxidation reaction of luminol-labeled GSH with NaBrO. The MCE-CL assay had a linear calibration curve over a range from 0.2-90 amol GSH injected with a correlation coefficient of 0.9991 and a detection limit of 50 zmol or 3.6 x 10(-9) M (S/N = 3). The average content of GSH in individual human red blood cells was found 64.9 amol (n = 17). Compared with the MCE methods with laser induced fluorescence detection (LIF) reported so far for single cell analysis, the present MCE-CL assay of GSH is simple and about 100 times more sensitive. PMID:19382810

  5. Chemiluminescence reaction kinetics-resolved multianalyte immunoassay strategy using a bispecific monoclonal antibody as the unique recognition reagent.

    PubMed

    Ouyang, Hui; Wang, Limin; Yang, Shijia; Wang, Wenwen; Wang, Lin; Liu, Fengquan; Fu, Zhifeng

    2015-03-01

    The multianalyte immunoassay (MIA) has attracted increasing attention due to its high sample throughput, short assay time, low sample consumption, and reduced overall cost. However, up to now, the reported MIA methods commonly require multiple antibodies since each antibody can recognize only one antigen. Herein, a novel bispecific monoclonal antibody (BsMcAb) that could bind methyl parathion and imidacloprid simultaneously was produced by a hybrid hybridomas strategy. A chemiluminescence (CL) reaction kinetics-resolved strategy was designed for MIA of methyl parathion and imidacloprid using the BsMcAb as the unique recognition reagent. Horseradish peroxidase (HRP) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) were adopted as the signal probes to tag the haptens of the two pesticides due to their very different CL kinetic characteristics. After competitive immunoreactions, the HRP-tagged methyl parathion hapten and the ALP-tagged imidacloprid hapten were simultaneously bound to the BsMcAb since there were two different antigen-binding sites in it. Then, two CL reactions were simultaneously triggered by adding the CL coreactants, and the signals for methyl parathion and imidacloprid detections were collected at 0.6 and 1000 s, respectively. The linear ranges for methyl parathion and imidacloprid were both 1.0-500 ng/mL, with detection limits of 0.33 ng/mL (S/N = 3). The proposed method was successfully used to detect pesticides spiked in ginseng and American ginseng with acceptable recoveries of 80-118%. This proof-of-principle work demonstrated the feasibility of MIA using only one antibody. PMID:25622025

  6. A comprehensive experimental study of industrial, domestic and environmental interferences with the forensic luminol test for blood.

    PubMed

    Creamer, J I; Quickenden, T I; Apanah, M V; Kerr, K A; Robertson, P

    2003-01-01

    This paper presents the fi rst comprehensive and quantitative study of substances that interfere with the forensic luminol test for blood. Two hundred and fifty substances have been selected on the basis of modern lifestyles and of contiguity with crime scenes. The intensity of the chemiluminescence produced by each substance has been measured relative to that of haemoglobin and the peak wavelength shift has also been determined. The following is a short list of nine substances that produce chemiluminescence intensities comparable with that of haemoglobin: turnips, parsnips, horseradishes, commercial bleach (NaClO), copper metal, some furniture polishes, some enamel paints, and some interior fabrics in motor vehicles. Care needs to be taken when the luminol test for blood is used in the presence of these substances. PMID:12950053

  7. Measurement of chemiluminescence in freshly drawn human blood

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Heberer; M. Ernst; M. Dfirig; M. Allgöwer; H. Fischer

    1982-01-01

    Summary The aim of the present study was to investigate chemiluminescence (CL) of stimulated peripheral phagocytic cells (PC, i.e. granulocytes and monocytes) in patients with malignant disease at various stages. As a first step the zymosan-induced and luminol-amplified CL was determined in diluted whole blood samples from healthy volunteers. A characteristic daytime dependence of the CL activity was observed in

  8. Chemiluminescence of CH in the O+C2H2 Reaction: Rotational Relaxation and Quenching

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. Brennen; Tucker Carrington

    1967-01-01

    Rotational distributions of CH (A2?, v=0) were measured at pressures from 0.1 to 8.5 torr in the O+C2H2 reaction in the presence of large excess of N2, Ar, or He. The reaction N+NO?N2+O was used to produce O without O2. Under all conditions the distributions are found to be a superposition of two Boltzmann distributions, one at 1200°—1400°K characteristic of

  9. Reusable light-emitting-diode induced chemiluminescence aptasensor for highly sensitive and selective detection of riboflavin.

    PubMed

    Xu, Shuxia; Zhang, Xinfeng; Liu, Weiwei; Sun, Yonghua; Zhang, Heliang

    2013-05-15

    A novel reusable chemiluminescence aptasensor was developed based on aptamer recognition coupled with light-emitting-diode induced chemiluminescence (LED-CL) detection. The sensing approach was based on the design that the model analyte riboflavin (Rf) in sample solutions was captured by the immobilized aptamers and then eluted simply with alkaline luminol solution to catalyze the CL reaction between luminol and dissolved oxygen under high power LED irradiation. This design allowed a very simple (branch-free) flow way for the CL sensing system. The CL intensity versus the Rf concentration was linear in the range from 0.03 to 5ngmL(-1) with a limit of detection (LOD) down low to 8pgmL(-1). Without renewing the aptamer, the relative standard deviation (RSD) for seven consecutive detections is 2.33%; the sensor also showed good stability without performance deterioration after >100 times use. Up to 10000-fold of K(+), Na(+), Ca(2+), Mg(2+), and Fe(3+), 5000-fold for glucose and bovine serum albumin, 1000-fold of uric acid, 1500-fold of ascorbic acid (added with Fe(3+)), 100-fold of flavin mononucleotide and 200-fold of flavin adenine dinucleotide caused no significant interference with the determination of 0.5ngmL(-1) Rf. The sensor was applied for analysis of Rf in urine and food samples with the recovery of 94-103%. The advantages of reusability, simplicity, high sensitivity and selectivity provided by the LED-CL aptasensor will make it a good alternative tool for biological and food analysis. PMID:23298628

  10. Photodynamic action of some sensitizers by photooxidation of luminol

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wierrani, Franz; Kubin, Andreas; Loew, Hans Günter; Henry, Michael; Spängler, Babette; Bodner, Klaus; Grünberger, Werner; Ebermann, Robert; Alth, Gerhart

    2002-09-01

    We report the development of a novel simple experimental method which allows the comparison of new photosensitizers based on their production of reactive oxygen species. A high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) assay permits the monitoring of several substances (sensitizer, reactant and oxidized end product) simultaneously on a single chromatogram. Photoreactions were monitored throughout their course by the HPLC assay surveying the sensitizers' efficiency of singlet oxygen production by the oxidative decomposition of luminol. Several photosensitizers were tested: Rose Bengal, Methylene Blue, Protoporphyrin IX, Photosan III, Photofrin, Hypericin and Pseudohypericin. Additionally, photoreactions were monitored by a standard pO2 detection system. The measurements of the two detection methods were strongly correlated. Rose Bengal proved to be the most efficient photosensitizer, clearly decreasing the luminol concentration and causing a corresponding increase in aminophthalic acid. Our experiments show that when factors necessary for photochemical reactions are absent or are blocked (antioxidants), no reaction can be detected.

  11. On the luminescence of luminol in DMSO in the presence of potassium superoxide-18-crown-6-ether and fluorescein

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mariana Voicescu; Marilena Vasilescu; Titus Constantinescu; Aurelia Meghea

    2002-01-01

    Luminol solution in DMSO in the presence of [18C6…K]+ O2? supramolecular complex (achieved from KO2 and 18-Crown-6 (18C6)-ether) is chemiluminescent, and its intensity depends on the complex concentration. Using fluorescein (Fl) as an energy acceptor in this system, the luminescence energy transfer process from chemically excited species, aminophtalate dianion, to Fl could be evidenced. On the basis of Förster theory,

  12. Study of catalytic reaction processes on the {gamma}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} chemiluminescence-based gas sensors

    SciTech Connect

    Utsunomiya, K.; Nakagawa, M.; Nishiyama, K.; Takechi, S. [Okayama Univ. of Science (Japan)] [and others

    1996-12-31

    The authors have investigated a new chemiluminescence (CL)-based gas sensor made of aluminum oxide ({gamma}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}) which emits CL during the catalytic oxidation of combustible vapors in air. The CL intensity is proportional to the concentration in the wide region from 1 to 1000 ppm of ethanol, butanol and acetone in air. However, it has a tendency to saturate in concentrations above 1000 ppm. For the detection of vapors in the environmental atmosphere, improvements of the sensitivity and the linear characteristics of the sensor are necessary. Catalytic reaction processes on the sensor were studied for this purpose.

  13. A secondary antibody format chemiluminescence immunoassay for the determination of estradiol in human serum.

    PubMed

    Xin, Tian-Bing; Chen, Hui; Lin, Zhen; Liang, Shu-Xuan; Lin, Jin-Ming

    2010-09-15

    A competitive immunoassay for estradiol (E2) based on secondary antibody format was established. The donkey anti-rabbit IgG was used as the secondary antibody to coat micro-plates, and the horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-luminol-H(2)O(2) chemiluminescent system with high sensitivity was chosen as the detection system. The addition of sodium trichloroacetate (CCl(3)COONa) in the enzyme buffer as a replaceable packing material can realize directly analysis of E2 in human serum without extraction, which improved reproducibility and resolution of the assay. Additionally, the method showed specific recognition of estrogen, without cross-reaction for the major steroids (estrone (E1), estriol (E3), dihydrotestosterone (DHT), androstenedione, testosterone (T)) commonly found in human serum. The chemiluminescence immunoassay with secondary antibody can be applied to detect E2 with good precision at concentrations as low as 1.48 pg mL(-1). The proposed method has been successfully applied to the determination of E2 in 97 human sera and showed a good correlation compared with the commercially radioimmunoassay (RIA) kit with a correlative coefficient of 0.9881. This method has exhibited great potential in the fabrication of diagnostic kit and can be used in the clinical analysis of E2 in human serum. PMID:20801358

  14. Determination of estradiol in human serum using magnetic particles-based chemiluminescence immunoassay.

    PubMed

    Xin, Tian-Bing; Liang, Shu-Xuan; Wang, Xu; Li, Haifang; Lin, Jin-Ming

    2008-10-10

    A magnetic particles (MPs)-based chemiluminescence immunoassay (CLIA) with high sensitivity, specificity, and reproducibility was proposed for the evaluation of estradiol (E(2)) in human sera. The MPs coated with secondary antibody were used as dispersed solid phase for the immunoassay, and the horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-luminol-H(2)O(2) chemiluminescent system with high sensitivity was chosen as the detection system. The method showed specific recognition to E(2), without cross-reaction for the major steroids, including estrone (E(1)), estriol (E(3)), dihydrotestosterone (DHT), androstenedione, and testosterone (T), which was commonly found in human serum. The addition of sodium trichloracetate (Na-TCA) in the enzyme buffer as a blocking agent contributed to the realization of direct analysis of E(2) in human serum without extraction. Besides, the effects of several physicochemical parameters, including the dilution ratios of E(2)-6-HRP conjugate and anti-E(2) polyclonal antibody, immunoreaction time, chemiluminescent (CL) substrate volume, volume of MPs, and CL reaction time, were studied and optimized. The proposed method had a detection limit of 2.51pgmL(-1) with a larger working range of 15-1000pgmL(-1). The inter-assay and intra-assay coefficient of variation (CV) were both less than 15%. The average recoveries of three different spiked concentration samples were 93.3, 106 and 101%, respectively. The method has been successfully applied to the determination of E(2) in 105 human sera and showed a good correlation compared with the commercial radioimmunoassay (RIA) kit with a correlative coefficient of 0.9892. This method has exhibited great potential in the fabrication of diagnostic kit and could be used in the clinical analysis of E(2) in human serum. PMID:18809084

  15. Micro-plate chemiluminescence enzyme immunoassay for aflatoxin B1 in agricultural products.

    PubMed

    Fang, Luqiu; Chen, Hui; Ying, Xitang; Lin, Jin-Ming

    2011-03-15

    In this work, a micro-plate chemiluminescence enzyme immunoassay by antibody-coated for the determination of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) in agricultural products has been established. Aflatoxin B1 antibody (AFB1-Ab) was adsorbed physically on polystyrene micro-plate hole as solid phase antibody, which took place immunity-reaction between antigen and antibody with AFB1 standard solution or samples by direct competition. Luminol-hydrogen peroxide chemiluminescence system catalyzed by horseradish peroxidase (HRP) with p-iodophenol enhancement was used as signal detecting system. The effects of several factors, including composition and pH of coating solution, dilution ratio and amount of antibody and enzyme labeled antigen, time of antibody-coating, incubation and chemiluminescence reaction, and other relevant variables upon the immunoassay were studied and optimized. The linear range of proposed method for AFB1 was 0.05-10.0 ng g(-1) with a correlative coefficient of -0.9997. The sensitivity of the proposed method was 0.01 ng g(-1). The RSDs of intra- and inter-assay were less than 12.2% and 10.0%, respectively. This method has been successfully applied to the evaluation of AFB1 in agricultural products with recoveries of 79.8%, 101.9% and 115.4% for low, middle and high concentration samples, respectively. It shows a good correlation with the commercial available ELISA kit for AFB1 with correlative coefficient of 0.9098 indicating that the established CLEIA method can be used to determine AFB1 in real samples. PMID:21315923

  16. Intricacies of redoxome function demonstrated with a simple in vitro chemiluminescence method, with special reference to vitamin B12 as antioxidant.

    PubMed

    Bøyum, A; Forstrøm, R J; Sefland, I; Sand, K L; Benestad, H B

    2014-12-01

    The homeostatic control of the redox system (the redoxome) in mammalian cells depends upon a large number of interacting molecules, which tend to buffer the electronegativity of cells against oxidants or reductants. Some of these components kill - at high concentration - microbes and by-stander normal cells, elaborated by professional phagocytes. We examined whether a simple, in vitro chemiluminescence set-up, utilizing redox components from human polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) and red blood cells (RBC), could clarify some unexplained workings of the redoxome. PMN or purified myeloperoxidase (MPO) triggers formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), quantified by light emission from oxidized luminol. Both PMN and RBC can generate abundant amounts of ROS, necessitating the presence of a high-capacity redoxome to keep the cellular electronegativity within physiological limits. We obtained proof-of-principle evidence that our assay could assess redox effects, but also demonstrated the intricacies of redox reactions. Simple dose-responses were found, as for the PMN proteins S100A9 (A9) and S100A8 (A8), and the system also revealed the reducing capacity of vitamin B12 (Cbl) and lutein. However, increased concentrations of oxidants in the assay mixture could decrease the chemiluminescence. Even more remarkable, A9 and NaOCl together stimulated the MPO response, but alone they inhibited MPO chemiluminescence. Biphasic responses were also recorded for some dose-response set-ups and are tentatively explained by a 'balance hypothesis' for the redoxome. PMID:25345916

  17. Intricacies of Redoxome Function Demonstrated with a Simple In vitro Chemiluminescence Method, with Special Reference to Vitamin B12 as Antioxidant

    PubMed Central

    Bøyum, A; Forstrøm, R J; Sefland, I; Sand, K L; Benestad, H B

    2014-01-01

    The homeostatic control of the redox system (the redoxome) in mammalian cells depends upon a large number of interacting molecules, which tend to buffer the electronegativity of cells against oxidants or reductants. Some of these components kill – at high concentration – microbes and by-stander normal cells, elaborated by professional phagocytes. We examined whether a simple, in vitro chemiluminescence set-up, utilizing redox components from human polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) and red blood cells (RBC), could clarify some unexplained workings of the redoxome. PMN or purified myeloperoxidase (MPO) triggers formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), quantified by light emission from oxidized luminol. Both PMN and RBC can generate abundant amounts of ROS, necessitating the presence of a high-capacity redoxome to keep the cellular electronegativity within physiological limits. We obtained proof-of-principle evidence that our assay could assess redox effects, but also demonstrated the intricacies of redox reactions. Simple dose–responses were found, as for the PMN proteins S100A9 (A9) and S100A8 (A8), and the system also revealed the reducing capacity of vitamin B12 (Cbl) and lutein. However, increased concentrations of oxidants in the assay mixture could decrease the chemiluminescence. Even more remarkable, A9 and NaOCl together stimulated the MPO response, but alone they inhibited MPO chemiluminescence. Biphasic responses were also recorded for some dose–response set-ups and are tentatively explained by a ‘balance hypothesis’ for the redoxome. PMID:25345916

  18. Emission spectroscopic properties of water soluble porphyrins in hydrogen peroxide chemiluminescence system with d- and f-electron metals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Staninski, Krzysztof; Kaczmarek, Ma?gorzata; Lis, Stefan; Elbanowski, Marian

    2003-02-01

    Two water-soluble porphyrins: 4,4',4'',4'''-(porphine-5,10,15,20-tetrayl)-tetrakis (benzoic acid) (TCPPH 2) and 4,4',4'',4'''-(porphine-5,10,15,20-tetrayl)-tetrakis (benzenesulfonic acid) (TSPPH 2) have been subjected to spectroscopic study in the presence of d-electron metals: Zn(II) and Cu(II) and f-electron metals: La(III), Eu(III), Gd (III) and Yb(III). Results of the spectrophotometric study have provided evidence proving the complexation of Cu(II) and Zn(II) cations by porphine in water solutions and the complexation of lanthanide ions exclusively by peripheral carboxyl and sulfonic groups. For the first time, chemiluminescence of the systems containing porphyrins has been measured without the use of strongly luminescent reagents such as TCPO or luminol. The emission spectra of the systems porphyrin/metal ion/H 2O 2 have been recorded and the quantum yield of their luminescence has been measured. The absorption spectra of the systems recorded before and after the reaction in the presence of hydrogen peroxide are identical, which means that the porphyrin ring does not undergo destruction. A significant similarity between the fluorescence and chemiluminescence spectra indicates a possibility of excitation of porphyrins and their complexes in the reaction with hydrogen peroxide.

  19. Action of pulsed visible and near-IR laser radiation on oxidative metabolism of cells evaluated by chemiluminescence measurement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ryabykh, T. P.; Karu, Tiina I.

    1996-01-01

    Luminol-amplified chemiluminescence was recorded after irradiation with laser radiation at 632.8 and 820 nm. The following cellular systems were used as objects of irradiation: blood of healthy donors, blood of patients with colon cancer or acute respiratory illness, blast cells of patients with acute leukemia. The irradiation was suppressing the oxidative metabolism of cellular systems under study.

  20. Fiber-Optic Chemiluminescent Biosensors for Monitoring Aqueous Alcohols and Other Water Quality Parameters

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Verostko, Charles E. (Inventor); Atwater, James E. (Inventor); Akse, James R. (Inventor); DeHart, Jeffrey L. (Inventor); Wheeler, Richard R. (Inventor)

    1998-01-01

    A "reagentless" chemiluminescent biosensor and method for the determination of hydrogen peroxide, ethanol and D-glucose in water is disclosed. An aqueous stream is basified by passing it through a solid phase base bed. Luminol is then dissolved in the basified effluent at a controlled rate. Oxidation of the luminol is catalyzed by the target chemical to produce emitted light. The intensity of the emitted light is detected as a measure of the target chemical concentration in the aqueous stream. The emitted light can be transmitted by a fiber optic bundle to a remote location from the aqueous stream for a remote reading of the target chemical concentration.

  1. A Facile and Effective Chemiluminescence Demonstration Experiment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mohan, Arthur G.; Turro, Nicholas J.

    1974-01-01

    Describes a chemiluminescence system which can be used to demonstrate the effects of certain factors which affect the rate of reaction (temperature, concentration, catalysis, solvent, etc.), and to perform experiments relevant to the mechanism of the system. (SLH)

  2. Online detection of reactive oxygen species in ultraviolet (UV)-Irradiated nano-TiO2 suspensions by continuous flow chemiluminescence.

    PubMed

    Wang, Dabin; Zhao, Lixia; Guo, Liang-Hong; Zhang, Hui

    2014-11-01

    Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play very important roles in the photocatalytic reactions of semiconductors. Using a continuous flow chemiluminescence (CFCL) system, we developed three methods for the selective, sensitive, and online detection of O2(• -), •OH, and H2O2 generated during ultraviolet (UV) irradiation of nano-TiO2 suspensions. TiO2 nanoparticles were irradiated in a photoreactor and pumped continuously into a detection cell. To detect O2(• -), luminol was mixed with TiO2 before it entered the detection cell. For the detection of short-lived •OH, phthalhydrazide was added into the photoreactor to capture •OH, and then mixed with H2O2/K5Cu(HIO6)2 to produce chemiluminescence (CL). To detect H2O2, an irradiated TiO2 suspension was kept in darkness for 30 min, and then mixed with luminol/K3Fe(CN)6 to produce CL. The selectivity of each method for a particular ROS was verified by using specific ROS scavengers. For a given ROS, a comparison between CL and conventional method showed good agreement for a series of TiO2 concentrations. The sensitivity of CL method was approximately 3-, 1200-, and 5-fold higher than the conventional method for O2(• -), •OH, and H2O2, respectively. To demonstrate the utility of the methods, ROS in three different types of TiO2 suspensions was detected by CFCL. It was found that photodegradation efficiency of Rhodamine B correlated the best (R(2) > 0.95) with the amount of photogenerated •OH, implying that •OH was the major oxidant in Rhodamine B photodegradation reaction. CFCL may provide a convenient tool for the studies on the reaction kinetics of ROS-participated decomposition of environmental contaminants. PMID:25275618

  3. Novel chemiluminescent assay for staphylococcal enterotoxin B

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pan Xue; Yongming Li; Zhujun Zhang; Aihua Fu; Fei Liu; Xiaoming Zhang; Yuanjie Sun; Lili Chen; Boquan Jin; Kun Yang

    2011-01-01

    An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, a horseradish peroxidase-catalyzed fluorogenic reaction, and chemiluminescence (CL)\\u000a analysis have been combined to develop a sandwich ELISA for Staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) using monoclonal antibodies\\u000a for different epitopes of SEB. The enzyme catalyzed reaction of 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl propionate) with the urea complex of hydrogen\\u000a peroxide produced a fluorescent dimer which was detected by chemiluminescence analysis. The CL

  4. Steady-state chemiluminescence of Eu-doped yttrium oxide crystal phosphors in the catalytic reaction of hydrogen oxidation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nedrigaylov, Ievgen I.; Karpov, Eduard G.; Styrov, Vladislav V.

    2008-11-01

    We report on the luminescence of Eu 3+-doped yttrium oxide phosphors brought in contact with oxyhydrogen gas mixtures at temperatures much below the gas-phase ignition point. Chemical energy released in the catalytic hydrogen oxidation is passed directly to the electron subsystem of the powder and subsequently converted into the visible luminescence radiation at 2 × 10 -6 quantum yield per H 2O molecule produced. Luminescence kinetics at various conditions are investigated to reveal the constituent stages of the catalytic energy conversion process. This observation could have far-reaching consequences including possibilities for the development of original chemiluminescent light sources, and novel electrochemical energy converters.

  5. Enhanced electrochemiluminescence from luminol at multi-walled carbon nanotubes decorated with palladium nanoparticles: a novel route for the fabrication of an oxygen sensor and a glucose biosensor.

    PubMed

    Haghighi, Behzad; Bozorgzadeh, Somayyeh

    2011-07-01

    Incorporation of palladium nanoparticles on the surface of multi-walled carbon nanotubes and modification of glassy carbon electrode with the prepared nano-hybrid material led to the fabrication of a novel electrode. The modified electrode showed attractive electrocatalytic activity and sensitizing effect on luminol-O(2) and luminol-H(2)O(2) electrochemiluminescence (ECL) reactions at neutral media. The sensitized luminol-O(2) and luminol-H(2)O(2) reactions were successfully applied for the ECL determination of dissolved O(2) and glucose, respectively. Under the optimal conditions for luminol-O(2) system, the ECL signal intensity of luminol was linear with the concentration of dissolved oxygen in the range between 0.08 and 0.94 mM (r=0.9996) and for luminol-H(2)O(2) system, the ECL signal intensity of luminol was linear with the concentration of glucose in the range between 0.1 and 1000 ?M (r=0.9998). The limits of detection (S/N=3) for dissolved oxygen and glucose were 0.02 mM and 54 nM, respectively. The relative standard deviations (RSD) for repetitive measurements of 0.50 mM oxygen (n=10) and 10 ?M glucose (n=30) were 3.5% and 0.3%, respectively. Also, under the optimal conditions for luminol-H(2)O(2) system, the ECL signal intensity of luminol was linear with the concentration of H(2)O(2) in the range between 1 nM and 0.45 mM (r=0.9997). The limit of detection (S/N=3) for H(2)O(2) detection was 0.5 nM and the relative standard deviation for repetitive measurements of 10 ?M H(2)O(2) (n=10) was 0.8%. PMID:21641423

  6. Volume 5, number 4 CHEMICALPHYSICSLETTERS 1 April 1970 CROSSED BEAM CHEMILUMINESCENCE *

    E-print Network

    Zare, Richard N.

    Volume 5, number 4 CHEMICALPHYSICSLETTERS 1 April 1970 CROSSED BEAM CHEMILUMINESCENCE * Ch Chemiluminescent reactions are usually ob- served in relatively high-pressure sources, such as flames and flowing in an exothermic reaction. We repeat here a first study of mole- cular chemiluminescence obtained by crossing

  7. Application of chemiluminescence to monitoring of trace atmospheric species

    SciTech Connect

    Burkhardt, M.R.

    1989-01-01

    This dissertation concerns the development of analytical instrumentation based on gas phase chemiluminescence for the monitoring of nitric acid, methyl nitrate, peroxyacetyl nitrate, and total acidity. Nitric acid was converted to NO and NO{sub 2} by a 400 C glass beads converter and the resulting NO{sub 2} was monitored by a luminol-based detector. A CrO{sub 3} converter was used to convert the NO generated in the system to NO{sub 2} to lower the detection limit of the instrument. The detection limit of the configuration was 0.30 ppb of nitric acid. Peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN) and NO{sub 2} were separated and detected with a novel gas chromatographic system which did not require compressed gas cylinder. Air that has been scrubbed by passing it over FeSO{sub 4} was used as the carrier gas which eliminates the need for any compressed gas cylinders. The detection limits for the instrument (PAN-GC) were 0.12 ppb for PAN and 0.20 ppb for NO{sub 2}. Methyl nitrate was separated from PAN and NO{sub 2} using a modified version of the PAN-GC. A 200 C quartz converter inserted between the end of the column and the detector in the PAN-GC, converts methyl nitrate and PAN into NO{sub 2} for detection by the luminol-based detector. The detection limits are 0.30 ppb for PAN, 0.30 ppb for methyl nitrate, and 0.20 ppb for NO{sub 2} The development of a total acidity detector based on the reaction of O and F atoms with hydrazoic acid (HN{sub 3}) was also carried out. Several methods for converting atmospheric acidity to HN{sub 3} were tested. These included packed bed, coated filters, and denuder methods. The system was calibrated with nitric acid and hydrochloric acid and the characterization of the response to various organic acids was investigated. The detection limits for nitric acid and for hydrochloric acid were 0.51 ppb and 0.63 ppb, respectively.

  8. A facile and sensitive chemiluminescence detection of amino acids in biological samples after capillary electrophoretic separation.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Shulin; Xie, Chao; Lu, Xin; Song, Yaru; Liu, Yi-Ming

    2005-05-01

    It was found that native amino acids enhanced the chemiluminescence (CL) reaction between luminol and BrO(-) in an alkaline aqueous solution. This has led to the development of a facile and highly sensitive CL detection scheme for the determination of amino acids in biological samples after capillary electrophoretic (CE) separation. The CE-CL conditions were optimized. An electrophoretic buffer of 2.5 x 10(-2) M sodium borate (pH 9.4) containing 1 x 10(-4) M luminol was used. The oxidizer solution of 8 x 10(-4) M NaBrO in 0.1 M sodium carbonate buffer solution (pH 12.5) was introduced post-column. Under the optimal conditions, the detection limits were 1.0 x 10(-7) M for glutamic acid (Glu) and 1.3 x 10(-7) M (S/N = 3) for aspartic acid (Asp). The relative standard deviations (RSDs) of peak area and migration time were in the ranges of 3.8-4.3% and 1.4-1.6%, respectively. The present method was applied to the determination of excitatory amino acids (i.e., Asp and Glu) in rat brain tissue and monkey plasma. The levels of these major excitatory amino acids in monkey plasma were quantified for the first time and found to be 1.17 +/- 0.17 x 10(-5) M (mean +/- SD, n = 6) for Glu and 1.64 +/- 0.19 x 10(-6) M for Asp, which were comparable with the levels in human plasma. PMID:15812841

  9. Flow injection with inhibited chemiluminescence method for the determination of dopamine hydrochloride.

    PubMed

    Wang, Shuhao; Du, Lingyun; Wang, Liangyu; Zhuang, Huisheng

    2004-02-01

    A simple rapid and accurate flow injection inhibitory chemiluminescence method has been developed for the determination of dopamine hydrochloride based on its inhibition of the chemiluminescence from the luminol-potassium hexacyanoferrate(III) system. The linear range of determination is 4.0 x 10(-9) - 4.0 x 10(-7) g ml(-1) for dopamine hydrochloride and the detection limit is 1.14 x 10(-9) g ml(-1). The method has been applied to determine the content of dopamine in pharmaceutical preparation with satisfactory results. PMID:15055958

  10. Flow injection chemiluminescence determination of pyrogallol

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A Safavi; M. R Baezzat

    1998-01-01

    A sensitive and selective flow injection chemiluminescence method for the determination of pyrogallol over the range 5×10?7–3×10?5M is described. The method is based on the chemiluminescence produced during the oxidation of pyrogallol by N-bromosuccinimide in alkaline media. The emission intensity is greatly enhanced if hydroxylammonium chloride and a cationic surfactant cetyltrimethylammonium bromide are also present in the reaction solution. Method

  11. Low-level chemiluminescent analysis of nondiluted human blood reveals its dynamic system properties

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vladimir L. Voeikov; Cyril N. Novikov; Natalia D. Vilenskaya

    1999-01-01

    Lucigenin- and luminol-dependent chemiluminescence [(LC- CL) and (LM-CL)] in nondiluted human blood was studied. LM-CL was low in fresh blood and disappeared after its storage for 3 h, though the respiratory burst (RB) stimulated in blood was followed by high intensity and long- lasting LM-CL. LC-CL was high in fresh blood and was steadily increasing with blood storage. Blood dilution

  12. Chemiluminescent-based methods to detect subpicomole levels of c-type cytochromes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert Feissner; Youbin Xiang; Robert G Kranz

    2003-01-01

    A variety of luminol-based substrates and either an autoradiographic film or a charge-coupled device (CCD) imaging system were used for chemiluminescence detection of c-type cytochromes. The Pierce Femto peroxidase substrate was at least 10 times more sensitive when using film than the highly cited 3,3?,5,5?-tetramethylbenzidine (benzidine derivative) staining method and 50 times more sensitive when using a CCD imaging system.

  13. Ultrasensitive determination of DNA sequences by flow injection chemiluminescence using silver ions as labels.

    PubMed

    Zheng, Lichun; Liu, Xiuhui; Zhou, Min; Ma, Yongjun; Wu, Guofan; Lu, Xiaoquan

    2014-10-27

    We presented a new strategy for ultrasensitive detection of DNA sequences based on the novel detection probe which was labeled with Ag(+) using metallothionein (MT) as a bridge. The assay relied on a sandwich-type DNA hybridization in which the DNA targets were first hybridized to the captured oligonucleotide probes immobilized on Fe3O4@Au composite magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs), and then the Ag(+)-modified detection probes were used to monitor the presence of the specific DNA targets. After being anchored on the hybrids, Ag(+) was released down through acidic treatment and sensitively determined by a coupling flow injection-chemiluminescent reaction system (Ag(+)-Mn(2+)-K2S2O8-H3PO4-luminol) (FI-CL). The experiment results showed that the CL intensities increased linearly with the concentrations of DNA targets in the range from 10 to 500 pmol L(-1) with a detection limit of 3.3 pmol L(-1). The high sensitivity in this work may be ascribed to the high molar ratio of Ag(+)-MT, the sensitive determination of Ag(+) by the coupling FI-CL reaction system and the perfect magnetic separation based on Fe3O4@Au composite MNPs. Moreover, the proposed strategy exhibited excellent selectivity against the mismatched DNA sequences and could be applied to real samples analysis. PMID:25263118

  14. Bleach interference in forensic luminol tests on porous surfaces: more about the drying time effect.

    PubMed

    Castelló, Ana; Francés, Francesc; Verdú, Fernando

    2009-02-15

    As criminals try to avoid leaving clues at the scene of a crime, bloodstains are often washed away, but fortunately for investigators, they are difficult to eliminate completely. Porous surfaces easily retain blood traces, which are sometimes invisible to the naked eye. The reagent of choice for detecting latent blood traces on all types of surfaces is luminol, but its main disadvantage is a high degree of sensitivity to oxidising contaminants in the blood sample. If household bleach is used to clean bloodstains, presumptive tests are invalidated. Hypochlorites, however, are known to be unstable and deteriorate over time, and this feature could be of help in preventing household bleach-induced interference. Previous studies have evaluated the effect of the drying time on nonporous surfaces, but nothing has as yet been published about this effect on porous surfaces. Consequently, this paper reports on hypochlorite interference with luminol reagents used on this type of surface, evaluating the effects of drying time on the household bleach-luminol reaction, and ascertaining whether the drying procedure could be applied to prevent household bleach interference on bloodstained porous surfaces. The results indicate that the drying method may very well overcome household bleach interference in luminol reaction tests, if the investigation allows for an appropriate waiting time. PMID:19084679

  15. Chemiluminescence detection for microfluidic cloth-based analytical devices (?CADs).

    PubMed

    Guan, Wenrong; Zhang, Chunsun; Liu, Feifei; Liu, Min

    2015-10-15

    In this work, we report the first demonstration of chemiluminescence (CL) detection for microfluidic cloth-based analytical devices (?CADs). Wax screen-printing is used to make cloth channels or chambers, and enzyme-catalyzed CL reactions are imaged using an inexpensive charge coupled device (CCD). We first evaluate the relationship between the wicking rate and the length/width of cloth channel. For our device, the channel length and width between the loading and detection chambers are optimized to be 10mm and 3mm. Thus, the detection procedure can be accomplished in about 15s on a cloth-based device (15×30mm(2)) by using 25-?L sample spotted on it. Next, several parameters affecting cloth-based CL intensity are studied, including exposure time, pH, and concentrations of luminol and enzyme. Under optimal conditions, a linear relationship is obtained between CL intensity and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) concentrations in the range of 0.5-5mM with a detection limit of 0.46mM. Finally, the utility of cloth-based CL is demonstrated for determination of H2O2 residues in meat samples. On our device, the chicken meat soaked for 6h with 3% H2O2 can be detected. Moreover, the supernatant of grinded meat sample can be directly applied, without need for other treatments. We believe that ?CADs with CL detection could provide a new platform of rapid and low-cost assays for use in areas such as food detection and environmental monitoring. PMID:25974173

  16. Study of the H + O + M reaction forming OH{sup *}: Kinetics of OH{sup *} chemiluminescence in hydrogen combustion systems

    SciTech Connect

    Kathrotia, T.; Riedel, U. [Institute of Combustion Technology, German Aerospace Center (DLR) and University of Stuttgart, Stuttgart (Germany); Fikri, M.; Bozkurt, M.; Hartmann, M.; Schulz, C. [IVG, University of Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg (Germany)

    2010-07-15

    The temporal variation of OH{sup *} (A{sup 2}{sigma}{sup +}) chemiluminescence in hydrogen oxidation chemistry has been studied in a shock tube behind reflected shock waves at temperatures of 1400-3300 K and at a pressure of 1 bar. The aim of the present work is to obtain a validated reaction scheme to describe OH{sup *} formation in the H{sub 2}/O{sub 2} system. Temporal OH{sup *} emission profiles and ignition delay times for lean and stoichiometric H{sub 2}/O{sub 2} mixtures diluted in 97-98% argon were obtained from the shock-tube experiments. Based on a literature review for the hydrogen combustion system, the key reaction considered was H + O + M = OH{sup *} + M. The temperature dependence of the measured peak OH{sup *} emission from the shock tube and the peak OH{sup *} concentration from a homogeneous closed reactor model are compared. Based on these results a reaction rate coefficient of k{sub 1} = (1.5 {+-} 0.4) x 10{sup 13} exp(-25 kJ mol{sup -1}/RT) cm{sup 6} mol{sup -2} s{sup -1} was found for the forward reaction which is slightly higher than the rate coefficient suggested by Hidaka et al. (1982). The comparison of measured and simulated absolute concentrations shows good agreement. Additionally, a one-dimensional laminar premixed low-pressure flame calculation was performed for where absolute OH{sup *} concentration measurements have been reported by Smith et al. (2005). The absolute peak OH{sup *} concentration is fairly well reproduced if the above mentioned rate coefficient is used in the simulation. (author)

  17. Different sensitivity of cells from tumor-bearing organisms to continuous-wave and pulsed laser radiation (lambda = 632.8 nm) evaluated by chemiluminescence test

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Karu, Tiina I.; Ryabykh, T. P.; Antonov, Sergei N.; Letokhov, Vladilen S.

    1996-11-01

    Chemiluminescence test results were used to evaluate the sensitivity of human blood and murine splenocytes to continuous-wave (CW) and pulsed He-Ne laser light. It is demonstrated that CW radiation has in our experimental conditions practically no effect on the luminol-amplified chemiluminescence of four models under study. The pulsed radiation had a week inhibiting effect on the samples from healthy organisms but inhibited markedly the chemiluminescence of samples from tumor-bearing organisms. The effect depended on duration of dark period between pulses. A transient local heating mechanism is proposed to explain the inhibition of activity of NADPH-oxidase.

  18. [Effect of "Fit" dishwashing detergent from former Eastern Germany (GDR) on luminol luminescence].

    PubMed

    Heuser, Katrin; Oehmen, Martin; Nadine, Kühner; Benecke, Mark

    2006-01-01

    The forensic luminol test is used to screen large areas for the presence of blood. The heme-induced reduction of hydrogen peroxide is coupled to the oxidation of luminol resulting in luminescence. However, photographic documentation of the relatively weak and short-lived luminescence is difficult and luminol is now often replaced by other chemicals. In this study, we investigated reports from the Rostock police department that the addition of "Fit", a dishwashing detergent from former Eastern Germany, could both intensify and prolong the luminescence of luminol on blood stains. Even though this effect was reported only for the original composition of Fit but not the currently sold version, we found that both the old and the new version of Fit increase the brightness of the luminescence while decreasing its duration. This may be due to detergents in the dishwashing liquid, which permeabilize the plasma membrane of the erythrocytes, exposing the Fe3+ inside the cell and speeding up the entire reaction. We did not find any evidence of special ingredients in the old version of Fit that would cause both the increased brightness and prolonged duration of luminescence as reported by the Rostock PD. PMID:16910297

  19. NEW APPLICATIONS OF CHEMILUMINESCENCE FOR SELECTIVE GAS ANALYSIS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kei Toda; Purnendu K. Dasgupta

    2007-01-01

    Chemiluminescence (CL) is a powerful analytical tool for trace gas measurements. In this mini-review, we present reactions and spectra of ozone-induced CL for various compounds and techniques for detecting such CL. Next discussed are CL applications where real gas samples were successfully measured. Chemiluminescence monitoring has been used as universal nitrogen and sulfur detectors for gas chromatography and capillary electrophoresis.

  20. Silver nanoparticle-based ultrasensitive chemiluminescent detection of DNA hybridization and single-nucleotide polymorphisms.

    PubMed

    Liu, Cheng-Hui; Li, Zheng-Ping; Du, Bao-An; Duan, Xin-Rui; Wang, Yu-Cong

    2006-06-01

    A new nanoparticle-based chemiluminescent (CL) method has been developed for the ultrasensitive detection of DNA hybridization. The assay relies on a sandwich-type DNA hybridization in which the DNA targets are first hybridized to the captured oligonucleotide probes immobilized on polystyrene microwells and then the silver nanoparticles modified with alkylthiol-capped oligonucleotides are used as probes to monitor the presence of the specific target DNA. After being anchored on the hybrids, silver nanoparticles are dissolved to Ag+ in HNO3 solution and sensitively determined by a coupling CL reaction system (Ag+-Mn2+-K2S2O8-H3PO4-luminol). The combination of the remarkable sensitivity of the CL method with the large number of Ag+ released from each hybrid allows the detection of specific sequence DNA targets at levels as low as 5 fM. The sensitivity increases 6 orders of magnitude greater than that of the gold nanoparticle-based colorimetric method and is comparable to that of surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy, which is one of the most sensitive detection approaches available to the nanoparticle-based detection for DNA hybridization. Moreover, the perfectly complementary DNA targets and the single-base mismatched DNA strands can be evidently differentiated through controlling the temperature, which indicates that the proposed CL assay offers great promise for single-nucleotide polymorphism analysis. PMID:16737231

  1. A competitive chemiluminescence enzyme immunoassay method for ?-defensin-2 detection in transgenic mice.

    PubMed

    Yang, Xi; Zhou, Tao; Yu, Lei; Tan, Wenwen; Zhou, Rui; Hu, Yonggang

    2015-03-01

    A competitive chemiluminescence enzyme immunoassay (CLEIA) method for porcine ?-defensin-2 (pBD-2) detection in transgenic mice was established. Several factors that affect detection, including luminol, p-iodophenol and hydrogen peroxide concentrations, as well as pH, were studied and optimized. The linear range of the proposed method for pBD-2 detection under optimal conditions was 0.05-80?ng/mL with a correlation coefficient of 0.9960. Eleven detections of a 30?ng/mL pBD-2 standard sample were performed. Reproducible results were obtained with a relative standard deviation of 3.94%. The limit of detection of the method for pBD-2 was 3.5?pg/mL (3?). The proposed method was applied to determine pBD-2 expression levels in the tissues of pBD-2 transgenic mice, and compared with LC-MS/MS and quantitative real-time reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. This suggests that the CLEIA can be used as a valuable method to detect and quantify pBD-2. PMID:24942821

  2. Fast gas chromotography with luminol detection for measurement of nitrogen dioxide and PANs.

    SciTech Connect

    Gaffney, J. S.; Marley, N. A.; Drayton, P. J.

    1999-09-30

    Fast capillary gas chromatography has been coupled to a luminol-based chemiluminescence detection system for the rapid monitoring of nitrogen dioxide and peroxyacyl nitrates. A first-generation instrument was described recently (Gaffney et al., 1998). This system is capable of monitoring nitrogen dioxide and peroxyacyl nitrates (PANs; to and including the C4 species) with 1-min time resolution. This is an improvement by a factor of five over gas chromatography methods with electron capture detection. In addition, the luminol method is substantially less expensive than laser fluorescent detection or mass spectroscopic methods. Applications in aircraft-based research have been published electronically and will appear shortly in Environmental Science and Technology (Gaffney et al., 1999a). An improved version of the instrument that has been designed and built makes use of a Hammamatsu photon-counting system. Detection limits of this instrumentation are at the low tens of ppt. The range of the instrument can be adjusted by modifying sampling volumes and detection counting times. A review of past work and of recent application of the instrumentation to field measurements of nitrogen dioxide and PANs is presented. The data clearly indicate that the luminol approach can determine the target species with time resolution of less than 1 min. Examples of applications for estimation of peroxyacetyl radical concentrations and nitrate radical formation rates are also presented. This instrumentation can further be used for evaluation of surfaces for loss of nitrogen dioxide and PANs, phenomena of possible importance for sampling interfaces and chamber wall design. Our high-frequency field data clearly indicate that the ''real world'' is not well mixed and that turbulent mixing and plume-edge chemistries might play an important role in urban- and regional-scale interactions. Dynamic flow systems might be required to evaluate such effects in new-generation chamber studies.

  3. Sensitive determination of positional isomers of benzenediols in human urine by boronate affinity capillary electrophoresis with chemiluminescence detection.

    PubMed

    Lin, Zian; Sun, Xiaobo; Hu, Wenli; Yin, Yuqing; Chen, Guonan

    2014-04-01

    A boronate ACE coupled with chemiluminescence (CL) detection was developed for sensitive determination of three isomeric benzenediols, which was based on the principle of an inhibited effect of borate complexation on the CL reaction between luminol and potassium hexacyanoferrate (K3 Fe(CN)6 ) in alkaline solution. The effects of some important factors on CE separation and CL intensity were systemically investigated. Baseline separation of isomeric benzenediols including o-benzenediol, m-benzenediol, and p-benzenediol was achieved by using a mobile phase of 40 mmol/L glycine-NaOH buffer at pH 9.4 containing 0.8 mmol/L luminol and 0.4 mol/L 4-iodophenylboronic acid. The calibration curves of the analytes by plotting the peak height against corresponding concentration were linear over the range of 4.5 × 10(-8) ? 4.5 × 10(-5) mol/L for p-benzenediol, 6.8 × 10(-8) ? 2.7 × 10(-5) mol/L for m-benzenediol, and 9.0 × 10(-8) ? 4.5 × 10(-5) mol/L for o-benzenediol. The corresponding detection limits for p-, m-, and o-benzenediols were 2.8 × 10(-8) mol/L (68 amol), 3.2 × 10(-8) mol/L (108.4 amol), and 3.7 × 10(-8) mol/L (125.8 amol; S/N = 3), respectively. The proposed method has been successfully applied to the analysis of trace benzenediols in spiked human urine sample and the recoveries were >97.2%. Our primary result demonstrated the proposed CE-CL method has great potential for biomarker determination in clinical diagnosis. PMID:24115126

  4. Applications of Chemiluminescence in the Teaching of Experimental Design

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krawczyk, Tomasz; Slupska, Roksana; Baj, Stefan

    2015-01-01

    This work describes a single-session laboratory experiment devoted to teaching the principles of factorial experimental design. Students undertook the rational optimization of a luminol oxidation reaction, using a two-level experiment that aimed to create a long-lasting bright emission. During the session students used only simple glassware and…

  5. Chemiluminescence involving acidic and ambient ion light emitters. The chemiluminescence of the 9-acridinepercarboxylate anion

    SciTech Connect

    White, E.H.; Roswell, D.F.; Dupont, A.C.; Wilson, A.A.

    1987-08-19

    The reaction of phenyl 9-acridinecarboxylate with an excess of peroxide ion in THF/water (67/33 mol %) leads to the emission of either bright yellow-green light or bright blue light, depending on the reaction conditions. The blue emission is favored by high concentrations of hydrogen peroxide and water, for example. 9-Acridinepercarboxylic acid is a common intermediate in the reactions. The light emitter responsible for the blue chemiluminescence is acridone, whereas that responsible for the yellow-green chemiluminescence is the anion of acridone. The effects of base concentration and solvent composition on the relative proportions of these two emitters have produced evidence that, contrary to the expectation of simple theory, a dioxetanone is not an intermediate in the reaction. Other cases where chemiluminescence may involve percarboxylate and peroxide ions are discussed.

  6. Modulatory effect of visible light on chemiluminescence of stimulated and nonstimulated blood leukocytes of carp (Cyprinus carpio, L)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sandro Belotsky; Ramy R. Avtalion; Harry Friedmann; Rachel Lubart

    1998-01-01

    Irradiation of carp blood leukocytes with a non-laser visible light resulted in a significant inhibition of the spontaneous luminol-dependent chemiluminescence in the cells of a part of the fish. Those leukocytes that were sensitive to the visible light, showed a shorter time-to-peak than the non sensitive, following their stimulation with Ca ionophore. Because a shorter time-to-peak correlates with inflammation, it

  7. Effect of Haemophilus somnus on nitric oxide production and chemiluminescence response of bovine blood monocytes and alveolar macrophages

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Susantha M Gomis; Dale L Godson; Gary A Wobeser; Andrew A Potter

    1997-01-01

    Haemophilus somnusis able to survive and multiply in bovine blood monocytes (BBM) and alveolar macrophages (BAM), but the mechanisms used byH. somnusto evade killing mechanisms of bovine mononuclear phagocytes are not completely understood. To study the bactericidal ability of bovine mononuclear phagocytes following interaction withH. somnus,in vitroassay systems were developed to detect the luminol-dependent chemiluminescence response (LDCL) and nitric oxide

  8. Chemiluminescence and chemiluminescence resonance energy transfer (CRET) aptamer sensors using catalytic hemin/G-quadruplexes.

    PubMed

    Liu, Xiaoqing; Freeman, Ronit; Golub, Eyal; Willner, Itamar

    2011-09-27

    The incorporation of hemin into the thrombin/G-quadruplex aptamer assembly or into the ATP/G-quadruplex nanostructure yields active DNAzymes that catalyze the generation of chemiluminescence. These catalytic processes enable the detection of thrombin and ATP with detection limits corresponding to 200 pM and 10 ?M, respectively. The conjugation of the antithrombin or anti-ATP aptamers to CdSe/ZnS semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) allowed the detection of thrombin or ATP through the luminescence of the QDs that is powered by a chemiluminescence resonance energy-transfer (CRET) process stimulated by the hemin/G-quadruplex/thrombin complex or the hemin/G-quadruplex/ATP nanostructure, in the presence of luminol/H(2)O(2). The advantages of applying the CRET process for the detection of thrombin or ATP, by the resulting hemin/G-quadruplex DNAzyme structures, are reflected by low background signals and the possibility to develop multiplexed aptasensor assays using different sized QDs. PMID:21866963

  9. Study on the proteins-luminol binding by use of luminol as a fluorescence probe

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    He, Xili; Song, Zhenghua

    2013-10-01

    In this paper, a new mathematical equation of lg(F0 - F)/F = 1/nlg[P] + 1/nlgKa, which was used to obtain interaction parameters (the binding constant Ka and the number of binding sites n) between the protein and the small molecule ligand by using the ligand as a fluorescence (FL) probe, was constructed for the first time. The interaction parameters between myoglobin, catalase, lysozyme, bovine serum albumin (BSA) and luminol were obtained by this equation with luminol used as a FL probe, showing that the binding constants Ka were 8.78 × 105, 4.47 × 105, 4.21 × 104 and 3.95 × 104 respectively, and the number of binding sites n approximately equaled to 1.0 for myoglobin, catalase, and 2.0 for lysozyme, BSA. The interactions of ferritin, ovalbumin, aldolase, chymotrypsinogen and ribonuclease with luminol were also studied by this method. The binding constants Ka were at 104-105 level, and the number of binding sites n mostly approximately equaled to 2.0. The binding ability of luminol to the studied proteins followed the pattern: myoglobin > aldolase > ferritin > ovalbumin > catalase > ribonuclease > lysozyme > BSA > chymotrypsinoge.

  10. Peculiarities of luminol- and lucigenin-dependent photon emission from nondiluted human blood

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Voeikov, Vladimir L.; Novikov, Cyril N.

    1998-01-01

    Comparison of lucigenin- and luminol-dependent chemiluminescence (LC-CL and LM-CL, respectively) in nondiluted healthy donors' blood revealed significant differences in their patterns. LM-CL was low in fresh blood and disappeared after it storage for 3 hours. LC-CL was already high in fresh blood and was steadily increasing with blood storage. Serial dilution of blood with saline after addition of chemiluminescence indicators resulted in elevation of LM-CL, but decrease in LC-CL. LM-CL elevation after the initiation of respiratory burst (RB) in blood with zymosan was observed only in aerated samples and immediately dropped down when air supply to a blood sample was ceased. On the contrary, LM-CL did not depend on air supply to a blood sample for about 30 min. after RB initiation. The results suggest that there are at least two mechanisms for reactive oxygen species production in nondiluted blood. The first one is reflected predominantly by LM-CL. It is activated during RB and uses prevalently oxygen dissolved in cell medium. Another one is reflected predominantly by LC- LM. It does not depend upon initiation of RB in neutrophils, operates in blood constantly, and uses oxygen supplied by erythrocytes. It needs blood integrity for its manifestation.

  11. Peculiarities of luminol- and lucigenin-dependent photon emission from nondiluted human blood

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Voeikov, Vladimir L.; Novikov, Cyrill N.

    1997-12-01

    Comparison of lucigenin- and luminol-dependent chemiluminescence (LC-CL and LM-CL, respectively) in nondiluted healthy donors' blood revealed significant differences in their patterns. LM-CL was low in fresh blood and disappeared after it storage for 3 hours. LC-CL was already high in fresh blood and was steadily increasing with blood storage. Serial dilution of blood with saline after addition of chemiluminescence indicators resulted in elevation of LM-CL, but decrease in LC-CL. LM-CL elevation after the initiation of respiratory burst (RB) in blood with zymosan was observed only in aerated samples and immediately dropped down when air supply to a blood sample was ceased. On the contrary, LM-CL did not depend on air supply to a blood sample for about 30 min. after RB initiation. The results suggest that there are at least two mechanisms for reactive oxygen species production in nondiluted blood. The first one is reflected predominantly by LM-CL. It is activated during RB and uses prevalently oxygen dissolved in cell medium. Another one is reflected predominantly by LC- LM. It does not depend upon initiation of RB in neutrophils, operates in blood constantly, and uses oxygen supplied by erythrocytes. It needs blood integrity for its manifestation.

  12. Chemiluminescence of indole and its derivatives

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vasil'ev, Rostislav F.; Trofimov, A. V.; Tsaplev, Yuri B.

    2010-02-01

    The results of studies on chemiluminescence of indole and its derivatives are critically analyzed. It is shown that chemical transformations of indoles lead, depending on the structure and experimental conditions, to various electronically excited products and emission of light. Many reactions considered are used as a basis for highly sensitive methods for detection of indoles in biology, medicine, ecology and forensics.

  13. Biological water quality monitoring using chemiluminescent and bioluminescent techniques

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Thomas, R. R.

    1978-01-01

    Automated chemiluminescence and bioluminescence sensors were developed for the continuous monitoring of microbial levels in water supplies. The optimal chemical procedures were determined for the chemiluminescence system to achieve maximum sensitivity. By using hydrogen peroxide, reaction rate differentiation, ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA), and carbon monoxide pretreatments, factors which cause interference were eliminated and specificity of the reaction for living and dead bacteria was greatly increased. By employing existing technology with some modifications, a sensitive and specific bioluminescent system was developed.

  14. Chemiluminescent Detection of Diffusion

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Evelyn Bradshaw (Cleveland Heights High School)

    1995-07-01

    This activity engages students in observing the results of diffusion through a selectively permeable membrane, monitoring the concentration of solute in water, learning the simple test for starch, and quantitating the chemiluminescence by exposure to photographic paper.

  15. Chemi-luminescence measurements of hyperthermal Xe{sup +}/Xe{sup 2+}+ NH{sub 3} reactions

    SciTech Connect

    Prince, Benjamin D.; Steiner, Colby P. [Air Force Research Laboratory, Space Vehicles Directorate, Kirtland AFB, New Mexico 87117 (United States); Chiu, Yu-Hui [Busek Co. Inc, Natick, Massachusetts 01760 (United States)

    2012-04-14

    Luminescence spectra are recorded for the reactions of Xe{sup +}+ NH{sub 3} and Xe{sup 2+}+ NH{sub 3} at energies ranging from 11.5 to 206 eV in the center-of-mass (E{sub cm}) frame. Intense features of the luminescence spectra are attributed to the NH (A {sup 3}{Pi}{sub i}-X {sup 3}{Sigma}{sup -}), hydrogen Balmer series, and Xe I emission observable for both primary ions. Evidence for charge transfer products is only found through Xe I emission for both primary ions and NH{sup +} emission for Xe{sup 2+} primary ions. For both primary ions, the absolute NH (A-X) cross section increases with collision energy before leveling off at a constant value, approximately 9 x 10{sup -18} cm{sup 2}, at about 50 eV while H-{alpha} emission increases linearly with collision energy. The nascent NH (A) populations derived from the spectral analysis are found to be independent of collision energy and have a constant rotational temperature of 4200 K.

  16. Chemiluminescence during respiratory burst in nondiluted human blood can be enhanced by back-reflected photons

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Novikov, Cyril N.; Vilenskaya, Natalia D.; Bulargina, Yulia; Voeikov, Vladimir L.

    1998-12-01

    We have demonstrated recently that luminol- or lucigenin- dependent chemiluminescence (LM-CL and LC-CL, respectively) registered from whole non-diluted blood may reach rather high intensities. Here we demonstrate, that parameters of both LM-CL and LC-CL in non-diluted human blood during RB development is influenced by a reflective screen of aluminum foil surrounding a test tube with a blood sample. Photons reflected back to a sample accelerate slowly developing and retard rapidly development RB. As demonstrated by histochemical NBT test, wrapping samples with blood in aluminum foil effected also the reductive neutrophil activity in. These results indicate that weak light fluxes generated in the course of RB may influence physiological processes in blood. They also provide the basis for an explanation for the phenomenon of the interaction two blood samples in one of which RB in the presence of luminol was stimulated through the optical channel previously reported by us.

  17. Flow-injection chemiluminescence sensor for determination of isoniazid in urine sample based on molecularly imprinted polymer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xiong, Yan; Zhou, Houjiang; Zhang, Zhujun; He, Deyong; He, Chao

    2007-02-01

    In this paper, molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) of isoniazid is synthesized through thermal radical copolymerization of metharylic acid (MAA) and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA) in the presence of isoniazid template molecules. A novel flow injection chemiluminescence sensor for isoniazid determination is developed by packing the isoniazid-MIP into the flow cell as recognition elements. Isoniazid could be selectively adsorbed by the MIPs and the adsorbed isoniazid was sensed by its great enhancing effect on the weak CL reaction between luminol and periodate which were mixed in the flow cell. The enhanced CL intensity is linear in the range 2 × 10 -9 to 2 × 10 -7 g/mL and the detection limit is 7 × 10 -10 g/mL (3 ?) isoniazid with a relative standard deviation 2.8% ( n = 9) for 8 × 10 -8 g/mL. The sensor is reversible and reusable. It has a great improvement in sensitivity and selectivity for CL analysis. As a result, the sensor has been successfully applied to determination of isoniazid in human urine. At the same time, the binding characteristic of the polymer to isoniazid was evaluated by batch method and the dynamic method, respectively.

  18. Microfluidic device capable of sensing ultrafast chemiluminescence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Young-Teck Kim; Seok Oh Ko; Ji Hoon Lee

    2009-01-01

    Based on the principle of liquid core waveguide, a novel microfluidic device with micro-scale detection window capable of sensing flashlight emitted from rapid 1,1?-oxalyldi-4-methylimidazole (OD4MI) chemiluminescence (CL) reaction was fabricated. Light emitted from OD4MI CL reaction occurring in the micro-dimensional pentagonal detection window (length of each line segment: 900.0?m, depth: 50.0?m) of the microfluidic device with two inlets and one

  19. Chemiluminescents Light Up the Night.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dashiell, Judy

    1997-01-01

    Provides a general description of chemiluminescence and distinguishes between the two types of chemistry that contribute to our understanding of chemiluminescence: fluorescence and the excitation process. Presents an activity that explores the phenomenon. (DDR)

  20. A hot-spot-active magnetic graphene oxide substrate for microRNA detection based on cascaded chemiluminescence resonance energy transfer.

    PubMed

    Bi, Sai; Chen, Min; Jia, Xiaoqiang; Dong, Ying

    2015-02-28

    Herein, a cascaded chemiluminescence resonance energy transfer (C-CRET) process was demonstrated from horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-mimicking DNAzyme-catalyzed luminol-H2O2 to fluorescein and further to graphene oxide (GO) when HRP-mimicking DNAzyme/fluorescein was in close proximity to the GO surface. The proposed C-CRET system was successfully implemented to construct three modes of C-CRET hot-spot-active substrates (modes I, II and III) by covalently immobilizing HRP-mimicking DNAzyme/fluorescein-labeled hairpin DNAs (hot-spot-generation probes) on magnetic GO (MGO), resulting in a signal "off" state due to the quenching of the luminol/H2O2/HRP-mimicking DNAzyme/fluorescein CRET system by GO. Upon the introduction of microRNA-122 (miRNA-122), the targets (mode I) or the new triggers that were generated through a strand displacement reaction (SDR) initiated by miRNA-122 (modes II and III) hybridized with the loop domains of hairpin probes on MGO to form double-stranded (modes I and II) or triplex-stem structures (mode III), causing an "open" configuration of the hairpin probe and a CRET signal "on" state, thus achieving sensitive and selective detection of miRNA-122. More importantly, the substrate exhibited excellent controllability, reversibility and reproducibility through SDR and magnetic separation (modes II and III), especially sequence-independence for hairpin probes in mode III, holding great potential for the development of a versatile platform for optical biosensing. PMID:25644330

  1. Ultrasensitive Study of Gatifloxacin Based on Its Enhancing Effect on the Cerium (IV)Sodium Hyposulfite Chemiluminescence Reaction in a Micellar Medium

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mohammad Kamruzzaman; Al-Mahmnur Alam; Taslima Ferdous; Sang Hak Lee; Young Ho Kim; Sung Hong Kim

    A sensitive and rapid flow-injection chemiluminescence (CL) method has been developed for the determination of gatifloxacin\\u000a in pharmaceutical preparations and biological samples. The method is based on the enhancing effect of gatifloxacin on CL emission\\u000a generated by the interaction of Ce (IV) in sulphuric acid and sodium hyposulphite (Na2S2O4) sensitized by sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate (SDBS). Strong CL emission was

  2. [Development of selective determination methods for quinones with fluorescence and chemiluminescence detection and their application to environmental and biological samples].

    PubMed

    Kishikawa, Naoya

    2010-10-01

    Quinones are compounds that have various characteristics such as a biological electron transporter, an industrial product and a harmful environmental pollutant. Therefore, an effective determination method for quinones is required in many fields. This review describes the development of sensitive and selective determination methods for quinones based on some detection principles and their application to analyses in environmental, pharmaceutical and biological samples. Firstly, a fluorescence method was developed based on fluorogenic derivatization of quinones and applied to environmental analysis. Secondly, a luminol chemiluminescence method was developed based on generation of reactive oxygen species through the redox cycle of quinone and applied to pharmaceutical analysis. Thirdly, a photo-induced chemiluminescence method was developed based on formation of reactive oxygen species and fluorophore or chemiluminescence enhancer by the photoreaction of quinones and applied to biological and environmental analyses. PMID:20930484

  3. Liquid chromatographic determination of acetylcholine based on pre-column alkaline cleavage reaction and post-column tris(2,2'-bipyridyl)ruthenium(III) chemiluminescence detection.

    PubMed

    Yoshida, Hideyuki; Yamada, Akifumi; Todoroki, Kenichiro; Imakyure, Osamu; Nohta, Hitoshi; Yamaguchi, Masatoshi

    2009-01-01

    A method for the determination of acetylcholine (ACh) has been developed using liquid chromatography with chemiluminescence detection. This method is based on the pre-column alkaline cleavage of ACh to form trimethylamine (TMA) and the post-column tris(2,2'-bipyridyl)ruthenium(III) chemiluminescence detection of TMA. ACh was converted to TMA with high yield at 180 degrees C in the presence of lithium hydroxide, and the produced TMA was separated on a cation-exchange/reversed-phase dual-functional column using a mixture of 0.2 M potassium phosphate buffer (pH 5.9) and acetonitrile (20:1, v/v) as the mobile phase. The eluate was online mixed with acidic tris(2,2'-bipyridyl)ruthenium(III) solution, and the generated chemiluminescence was detected. The detection limit (signal-to-noise ratio = 3) for ACh was 0.80 nmol/mL, which corresponded to 1.1 pmol TMA per injection volume of 5 microL. This is simple and robust method that does not need an expensive device and unstable enzymes, and was applied to the determination of ACh in pharmaceutical formulations. PMID:19367665

  4. [Possibility of diagnostics of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs intolerance with a change in the chemiluminescent glow of the polymorphonuclear leukocytes of the peripheral blood].

    PubMed

    Chausova, S V; Gurevich, K G; Bondareva, G P; Filatov, O Ju; Malyshev, I Y

    2014-01-01

    We investigated the intensity of barium sulfate stimulated luminol-dependent chemiluminescence (SLCL) of pre-incubated blood with various concentrations of sodium salicylate, sodium metamizol or sodium diclofenac. Blood was received from healthy donors and patients with intolerance to aspirin and/or sodium metamizol and/or sodium diclofenac. Revealed valid differences in SLCL of blood received from healthy donors and patients with intolerance to these drugs allows us to use chemiluminescence method for the diagnosis of intolerance to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. PMID:25980237

  5. Chemiluminescence Resonance Energy Transfer-based Detection for Microchip Electrophoresis

    PubMed Central

    Huang, Yong; Shi, Ming; Liu, Rongjun

    2010-01-01

    Since the channels in micro- and nanofluidic devices are extremely small, a sensitive detection is required following microchip electrophoresis (MCE). This work describes a highly sensitive and yet universal detection scheme based on chemiluminescence resonance energy transfer (CRET) for MCE. It was found that an efficient CRET occurred between a luminol donor and a CdTe quantum dot (QD) acceptor in the luminol-NaBrO-QD system, and that it was sensitively suppressed by the presence of certain organic compounds of biological interest including biogenic amines and thiols, amino acids, organic acids, and steroids. These findings allowed developing sensitive MCE-CL assays for the tested compounds. The proposed MCE-CL methods showed desired analytical figures of merit such as a wide concentration range of linear response. Detection limits obtained were ~10?9 M for biogenic amines including dopamine and epinephrine, and ~ 10?8 M for biogenic thiols (e.g. glutathione and acetylcysteine), organic acids (i.e. ascorbic acid and uric acid), estrogens, and native amino acids. These were 10 to 1000 times more sensitive than those of previously reported MCE-based methods with chemiluminescence, electrochemical, or laser induced fluorescence detection for quantifying corresponding compounds. To evaluate the applicability of the present MCE-CL method for analyzing real biological samples, it was used to determine amino acids in individual human red blood cells. Nine amino acids including Lys, Ser, Ala, Glu, Trp, etc. were detected. The contents ranged from 3 to 31 amol /cell. The assay proved to be simple, quick, reproducible, and very sensitive. PMID:20121202

  6. Chemiluminescence resonance energy transfer-based detection for microchip electrophoresis.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Shulin; Huang, Yong; Shi, Ming; Liu, Rongjun; Liu, Yi-Ming

    2010-03-01

    Since the channels in micro- and nanofluidic devices are extremely small, a sensitive detection is required following microchip electrophoresis (MCE). This work describes a highly sensitive and yet universal detection scheme based on chemiluminescence resonance energy transfer (CRET) for MCE. It was found that an efficient CRET occurred between a luminol donor and a CdTe quantum dot (QD) acceptor in the luminol-NaBrO-QD system and that it was sensitively suppressed by the presence of certain organic compounds of biological interest including biogenic amines and thiols, amino acids, organic acids, and steroids. These findings allowed developing sensitive MCE-CL assays for the tested compounds. The proposed MCE-CL methods showed desired analytical figures of merit such as a wide concentration range of linear response. Detection limits obtained were approximately 10(-9) M for biogenic amines including dopamine and epinephrine and approximately 10(-8) M for biogenic thiols (e.g., glutathione and acetylcysteine), organic acids (i.e., ascorbic acid and uric acid), estrogens, and native amino acids. These were 10-1000 times more sensitive than those of previously reported MCE-based methods with chemiluminescence, electrochemical, or laser-induced fluorescence detection for quantifying corresponding compounds. To evaluate the applicability of the present MCE-CL method for analyzing real biological samples, it was used to determine amino acids in individual human red blood cells. Nine amino acids, including Lys, Ser, Ala, Glu, Trp, etc., were detected. The contents ranged from 3 to 31 amol/cell. The assay proved to be simple, quick, reproducible, and very sensitive. PMID:20121202

  7. Bacteria and zymosan opsonized with histone, dextran sulfate, and polyanetholesulfonate trigger intense chemiluminescence in human blood leukocytes and platelets and in mouse macrophages

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Isaac Ginsburg; Ruth Borinsky; Meir Lahav; K. E. Gillert; Sabina Falkenberg; Michael Winkler; Sybille Muller

    1982-01-01

    Human blood leukocytes and platelets and mouse peritoneal macrophages emit very rapid and very intense Luminol-dependent chemiluminescence (CL) signals when treated with streptococci, staphylococci, or with zymosan, which have been preopsonized with arginine-rich histone, dextran sulfate or polyanetholesulfonate (liquoid). Liquoid alone at 10–30µg\\/2×105 leukocytes also triggers intense CL responses in the absence of a carrier. Strong CL can also be

  8. Chemiluminescent flow sensor for H 2O 2 based on the decomposition of H 2O 2 catalyzed by cobalt(II)-ethanolamine complex immobilized on resin

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Soichi Hanaoka; Jin-Ming Lin; Masaaki Yamada

    2001-01-01

    The decomposition of H2O2 catalyzed by transition metal ion has been investigated by chemiluminescence (CL). Using a heterogeneous catalyst, Co(II)-monoethanolamine complex immobilized on Dowex-50W resin, the rapid decomposition of H2O2 was observed. A very weak CL appeared during the H2O2 solution mixed with the immobilized resin by batch method. When appropriate amount of neutral luminol solution was added into the

  9. "Turn-on" chemiluminescence sensor for the highly selective and ultrasensitive detection of Hg2+ ions based on interstrand cooperative coordination and catalytic formation of gold nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Cai, Sheng; Lao, Kameng; Lau, Choiwan; Lu, Jianzhong

    2011-12-15

    Monitoring the levels of potentially toxic metal ions such as Hg(2+) in aquatic ecosystems is important because this ion can have severe effects on human health and the environment. Thus, a novel chemiluminescence (CL) sensor is developed for the highly selective and ultrasensitive detection of Hg(2+) ions in aqueous solution, based on thymine-Hg(2+)-thymine (T-Hg(2+)-T) coordination chemistry and subsequent formation of gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) in a HAuCl(4)/NH(2)OH reaction. The thus-formed Au NPs trigger the reaction between luminol and AgNO(3), producing CL emission. This novel CL technique has several advantages including high sensitivity (0.01 ppb) and selectivity over a spectrum of interfering metal ions. In view of these advantages, as well as the cost-effective, minimized working steps and portable features of the CL techniques, we expect that this CL sensor will be a promising candidate for the field detection of toxic Hg(2+) ions in environment, water, and food samples. PMID:22049919

  10. Micromachined microfluidic chemiluminescent system for explosives detection

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Park, Yoon; Neikirk, Dean P.; Anslyn, Eric V.

    2007-04-01

    Results will be reported from efforts to develop a self-contained micromachined microfluidic detection system for the presence of specific target analytes under the US Office of Naval Research Counter IED Basic Research Program. Our efforts include improving/optimizing a dedicated micromachined sensor array with integrated photodetectors and the synthesis of chemiluminescent receptors for nitramine residues. Our strategy for developing chemiluminescent synthetic receptors is to use quenched peroxyoxalate chemiluminescence; the presence of the target analyte would then trigger chemiluminescence. Preliminary results are encouraging as we have been able to measure large photo-currents from the reaction. We have also fabricated and demonstrated the feasibility of integrating photodiodes within an array of micromachined silicon pyramidal cavities. One particular advantage of such approach over a conventional planar photodiode would be its collection efficiency without the use of external optical components. Unlike the case of a normal photodetector coupled to a focused or collimated light source, the photodetector for such a purpose must couple to an emitting source that is approximately hemispherical; hence, using the full sidewalls of the bead's confining cavity as the detector allows the entire structure to act as its own integrating sphere. At the present time, our efforts are concentrating on improving the signal-to-noise ratio by reducing the leakage current by optimizing the fabrication sequence and the design.

  11. Lucigenin- and Luminol-Dependent Chemiluminescence of Blood Neutrophils in Patients with Renal Cancer

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. A. Shkapova; L. M. Kurtasova; A. A. Savchenko

    2010-01-01

    High basal production of primary active oxygen forms was detected in the peripheral blood neutrophils of patients with renal\\u000a cell cancer. In vitro stimulation of neutrophils led to more rapid release of superoxide radicals into extracellular space and to a reduction of\\u000a cell capacity to more intense production of primary active oxygen forms.

  12. Differential stimulation of luminol-enhanced chemiluminescence (CL) and arachidonic acid metabolism in rat peritoneal neutrophils

    SciTech Connect

    Sturm, R.J.; Adams, L.M.; Cullinan, C.A.; Berkenkopf, J.W.; Weichman, B.M.

    1986-03-05

    Phorbol 12-myristate, 13-acetate (PMA) induced the production of radical oxygen species (ROS) from rat peritoneal neutrophils as assessed by CL. ROS generation occurred in a time- (maximum at 13.5 min) and dose- (concentration range of 1.7-498 nM) related fashion. However, 166 nM PMA did not induce either cyclooxygenase (CO) or lipoxygenase (LPO) product formation by 20 min post-stimulation. Conversely, A23187, at concentrations between 0.1 and 10 ..mu..M, stimulated both pathways of arachidonic acid metabolism, but had little or no effect upon ROS production. When suboptimal concentrations of PMA (5.5 nM) and A23187 (0.1-1 ..mu..M) were coincubated with the neutrophils, a synergistic ROS response was elicited. However, arachidonic acid metabolism in the presence of PMA was unchanged relative to A12187 alone. Nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA) inhibited both PMA-induced CL (IC/sub 50/ = 0.9 ..mu..M) and A23187-induced arachidonic acid metabolism (IC/sub 50/ = 1.7 ..mu..M and 6.0 ..mu..M for LPO and CO, respectively). The mixed LPO-CO inhibitor, BW755C, behaved in a qualitatively similar manner to NDGA, whereas the CO inhibitors, indomethacin, piroxicam and naproxen had no inhibitory effect on ROS generation at concentrations as high as 100 ..mu..M. These results suggest that NDGA and BW755C may inhibit CL and arachidonic acid metabolism by distinct mechanisms in rat neutrophils.

  13. Quality Control of Reactive Oxygen Species Measurement by Luminol-Dependent Chemiluminescence Assay

    Microsoft Academic Search

    HIROSHI KOBAYASHI; ENRIQUE GIL-GUZMAN; AYMAN M. MAHRAN; RAKESH K. SHARMA; DAVID R. NELSON; ANTHONY J. THOMAS JR; ASHOK AGARWAL

    A total of 28 donor semen samples were used to eval- uate the characteristics of laboratory variability in measuring reactive oxygen species (ROS). The objectives of this study were to assess the interassay (same sample observed on different days by the same observers) variability; interdonor, intraobserver (replications of the same sample on the same day) variability; and interobserver (multiple observers

  14. Quantitative assessment of rabbit alveolar macrophage function by chemiluminescence

    SciTech Connect

    Brennan, P.C.; Kirchner, F.R.

    1985-08-01

    Rabbit alveolar macrophages (RAM) were cultured for 24 hr with concentrations ranging from 3 to 12 ..mu..g/ml of vanadium oxide (V/sub 2/O/sub 5/), a known cytotoxic agent, or with high-molecular-weight organic by-products from coal gasification processes. After culture the cells were harvested and tested for functional capacity using three types of indicators: (1) luminol-amplified chemiluminescence (CL), which quantitatively detects photon emission due to respiratory burst activity measured in a newly designed instrument with standardized reagents; (2) the reduction of nitro blue tetrazolium-saturated polyacrylamide beads, a semiquantitative measure of respiratory burst activity; and (3) phagocytic efficiency, defined as percentage of cells incorporating immunoglobulin-coated polyacrylamide beads. Chemiluminescence declined linearly with increasing concentrations of V/sub 2/O/sub 5/ over the dose range tested. Dye reduction and phagocytic efficiency similarly decreased with increasing V/sub 2/O/sub 5/ concentration, but were less sensitive indicators of functional impairment than CL as measured by the amount required to reduce the response to 50% of untreated cells. The effect of coal gasification condensates on RAM function varied, but in general these test also indicated that the CL response was the most sensitive indicator.

  15. Quantitative assessment of rabbit alveolar macrophage function by chemiluminescence.

    PubMed

    Brennan, P C; Kirchner, F R

    1985-08-01

    Rabbit alveolar macrophages (RAM) were cultured for 24 hr with concentrations ranging from 3 to 12 micrograms/ml of vanadium oxide (V2O5), a known cytotoxic agent, or with high-molecular-weight organic by-products from coal gasification processes. After culture the cells were harvested and tested for functional capacity using three types of indicators: (1) luminol-amplified chemiluminescence (CL), which quantitatively detects photon emission due to respiratory burst activity measured in a newly designed instrument with standardized reagents; (2) the reduction of nitro blue tetrazolium-saturated polyacrylamide beads, a semiquantitative measure of respiratory burst activity; and (3) phagocytic efficiency, defined as percentage of cells incorporating immunoglobulin-coated polyacrylamide beads. Chemiluminescence declined linearly with increasing concentrations of V2O5 over the dose range tested. Dye reduction and phagocytic efficiency similarly decreased with increasing V2O5 concentration, but were less sensitive indicators of functional impairment than CL as measured by the amount required to reduce the response to 50% of untreated cells. The effect of coal gasification condensates on RAM function varied, but in general these tests also indicated that the CL response was the most sensitive indicator. PMID:3874773

  16. Chemiluminescence and immune cell activation: general features of the thymocyte chemiluminescent responses to plant lectins.

    PubMed

    Mookerjee, B K; Ferber, E; Ernst, M; Sharon, N; Fischer, H

    1980-01-01

    Rat thymocytes respond to exposure to plant lectins by a burst of oxidant generation as detected by chemiluminescence (CL) (CL) in presence of luminol. All lectins tested were capable of evoking CL as long as sufficiently high concentration was used. There was no correlation between the capacity of a given lectin to evoke CL on one hand and its ability to cause mitogenic transformation or thymocyte agglutination on the other. During the first few minutes following exposure to Con A, cells in the thymocyte pool become committed to CL but once commitment is induced, removal of cell bound ligand by addition of excess methyl-alpha-D-mannoside does not significantly alter the response. Succinylated Con A is as effective as native Con A at lower concentrations but is much more effective at higher concentrations in evoking CL. Thymocyte CL can occur in absence of extracellular calcium but this calcium-independent CL is reduced by the addition of magnesium. In presence of calcium, CL response is greatly augmented and the calcium dependent response is not inhibited in presence of magnesium. The response is relatively radiosensitive. Thymocyte CL response is inhibitable by catalase and scavengers of oxidative radicals but is relatively resistant to the effects of superoxide dismutase, requiring high concentrations of significant effect. PMID:6969212

  17. A review of recent trends in analytical applications of electrogenerated chemiluminescence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrew W Knight

    1999-01-01

    The development of analytical applications involving the electrochemical generation of chemiluminescence (ECL) in the last 5 years is reviewed. The mechanisms of common ECL reactions are summarised, and the potential advantages of ECL over conventional chemiluminescence are discussed. The current limitations of the technique are considered along with how they are being addressed. Finally some pointers as to likely directions

  18. Determination of residual enrofloxacin in food samples by a sensitive method of chemiluminescence enzyme immunoassay.

    PubMed

    Yu, Fei; Yu, Songcheng; Yu, Lanlan; Li, Yanqiang; Wu, Yongjun; Zhang, Hongquan; Qu, Lingbo; Harrington, Peter de B

    2014-04-15

    A chemiluminescence enzyme immunoassay (CLEIA) based on the HRP-luminol-H?O? chemiluminescence system for highly sensitive detection of enrofloxacin (ENR) was proposed in this study. Key factors that affect the precision and accuracy for the determination of ENR residues were optimised. Under the optimal conditions, the proposed method showed an excellent performance. The linearity range for method developed for determination of ENR was 0.35-1.0 ng/mL with a correlation coefficient greater than 0.994. The limit of detection was 0.03 ng/mL and the relative standard deviations (RSDs) were less than 9.4% and 13.0% for intra-day and inter-day assays. The proposed method was satisfactorily applied to determine ENR in milk, eggs, and honey samples at three spiked levels (0.4, 0.7, and 1.0 ng/mL) and the recoveries ranged from 92.4% to 104.2% for milk, 93.8% to 103.2% for eggs and 94.1% to 105.0% for honey, respectively. Compared the results of CLEIA with those of ELISA and HPLC, the advantages of the CLEIA were further confirmed. Moreover, one 96-well microtiter plate coated with anti-ENR can be used to detect multiple samples at the same time, which indicated that the CLEIA using HRP-luminol-H?O? system was a sensitive, high throughput and real-time method for ENR residues analysis. PMID:24295678

  19. Determination of phenolic compounds and their antioxidant activity in Erigeron acris L. extracts and pharmaceutical formulation by flow injection analysis with inhibited chemiluminescent detection.

    PubMed

    Nalewajko-Sieliwoniuk, Edyta; Nazaruk, Jolanta; Antypiuk, Ewelina; Koj?o, Anatol

    2008-11-01

    It was found that the chemiluminescence (CL) produced from the reaction of luminol with iodine in the alkaline medium was strongly inhibited by plant phenolic compounds. Based on this finding, a new flow injection CL method was developed for the determination of caffeic acid and 6'-caffeoylerigeroside. The latter compound was isolated for the first time from Erigeron acris L. herb. The method was simple, rapid and sensitive with a detection limit of 4 x 10(-3) ng mL(-1) (caffeic acid) and 0.18 ng mL(-1) (6'-caffeoylerigeroside), linear range of 0.1-1.5 ng mL(-1) (caffeic acid) and 1-200 ng mL(-1) (6'-caffeoylerigeroside), relative standard deviation of 3.3% for 10 measurements of 0.45 ng mL(-1) caffeic acid and 2.9% for 40 ng mL(-1) 6'-caffeoylerigeroside. This method was successfully applied to determine the content of phenolic compounds/antioxidant activity of E. acris L. extracts and phenolic acids content in pharmaceutical formulation. A possible mechanism of the inhibition of the proposed CL system was discussed. PMID:18597966

  20. Amplified cathodic electrochemiluminescence of luminol based on Pd and Pt nanoparticles and glucose oxidase decorated graphene as trace label for ultrasensitive detection of protein.

    PubMed

    Cao, Yaling; Yuan, Ruo; Chai, Yaqin; Liu, Huijing; Liao, Yuhong; Zhuo, Ying

    2013-09-15

    An ultrasensitive electrochemiluminescence (ECL) immunosensor was constructed for ultrasensitive detection of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) based on an amplified cathodic ECL of luminol at low potential. Firstly, Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) were electrodeposited onto single walled carbon nanotube-graphene composites (CNTs-Gra) coated glass carbon electrode (GCE) with enhanced surface area and good biocompatibility to capture primary antibody (Ab1) and then bind the antigen analytes. Secondly, Pd and Pt nanoparticles (Pd&PtNPs) decorated reduced graphene oxide (Pd&PtNPs@rGO) and glucose oxidase (GOD) labeled secondary antibody (Pd&PtNPs@ rGO-GOD-Ab2) could be captured onto the electrode surface by a sandwich immunoassay protocol to generate amplified cathodic ECL signals of luminol in the presence of glucose. The Pd&PtNPs@rGO composites and loaded GOD promoted luminol cathodic ECL response by efficiently catalyzing glucose to in-situ produce amount of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) working as a coreactant of luminol. Then in turn Pd&PtNPs catalyzed H2O2 to generate various reactive oxygen species (ROSs), which accelerated the cathodic ECL reaction of luminol, enhanced the cathodic ECL intensity of luminol and improved the sensitivity of the immunosensor. The as-proposed ECL immunosensor exhibited sensitive response on the detection of CEA ranging from 0.0001 ng mL(-1) to 160 ng mL(-1) with a detection limit of 0.03 pg mL(-1) (S/N=3). Moreover, the stability, specificity, lifetime and reproducibility tests demonstrated the feasibility of the developed immunoassay, which can be further extended to the detection of other disease biomarkers. PMID:23708630

  1. Isoluminol-enhanced chemiluminescence: A sensitive method to study the release of superoxide anion from human neutrophils

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Helen Lundqvist; Claes Dahlgren

    1996-01-01

    A very sensitive chemiluminescence (CL) method was developed for the determination of respiratory burst products generated by the NADPH-oxidase in human neutrophils. Despite the fact that the CL reaction is peroxidase dependent, hydrogen peroxide was found not to participate in the light generating reaction. Phagocytic cells were mixed with isoluminol, a chemiluminescence substrate that detects extracellularly released oxygen species only.

  2. Structure sensitivity in the kinetics and the dynamics of CO oxidation over stepped Pd(335) studied by the molecular beam infrared chemiluminescence technique: Determination of working sites during the steady-state reaction

    SciTech Connect

    Uetsuka, H.; Watanabe, K.; Kimpara, H.; Kunimori, K.

    1999-08-31

    Kinetics and dynamics of CO oxidation have been studied on a stepped Pd(335) surface at a steady-state condition and compared with those on flat Pd(111). The infrared (IR) chemiluminescence technique was applied to determine where the active catalytic sites are on the Pd(335) surface. Since the vibrational energy state of the product CO{sub 2} is sensitive to the structures of the reaction sites on Pd surfaces, information about the working reaction sites during the steady-state CO oxidation can be obtained from the IR emission spectra of the product CO{sub 2}. The production rate of CO{sub 2} was higher on Pd(335) than on Pd(111), indicating that the steps on the surface enhance the catalytic activity for Co oxidation under the steady-state condition. However, the rate data do not necessarily show the real active sites for the CO + O recombination reaction. At a surface temperature of 850 K, the vibrational Boltzmann temperature (T{sub v}) of the product CO{sub 2} on Pd(335) was quite different from (much lower than) that on Pd(111), although the Pd(335) surface has four-atom wide (111) terraces. The lower T{sub v} value on Pd(335) was similar to that on Pd(110)(1 x 1), indicating that a relatively linear activated CO{sub 2} complex was formed. Therefore, during the steady-state CO oxidation on Pd(335), the reaction does not take place on the (111) terrace sites, but mostly on the step sites at 850 K. On the contrary, as the CO coverage increased at a lower surface temperature and at a high CO/O{sub 2} ratio, the T{sub v} values on Pd(335) tend to approach those on Pd(111), indicating that the contribution of the active sites on the steps is decreased and the working reaction sites shift to the (111) terrace sites.

  3. ZnO nanoparticles as an oxidase mimic-mediated flow-injection chemiluminescence system for sensitive determination of carvedilol.

    PubMed

    Biparva, Pourya; Abedirad, Seyed Mohammad; Kazemi, Sayed Yahya

    2014-12-01

    A simple, rapid and sensitive method was developed using ZnO nanoparticle (ZnO-NP) amplified flow-injection chemiluminescence to detect carvedilol, a non-cardioselective ?-blocker. It has been found that carvedilol strongly inhibits the chemiluminescence of luminol-H2O2 catalyzed by ZnO-NPs. Under optimum conditions, a linear working range for carvedilol concentrations from 5 × 10(-8) to 1.0 × 10(-6) mol L(-1) (r > 0.9894, n = 8) was obtained with a detection limit of 3.25 × 10(-9) mol L(-1). The relative standard deviation for 8 repetitive determinations was less than 2.9% and recoveries of 99% and 102% were obtained. ZnO-NPs were synthesized using a green mechanochemical route. Transmission electron microscopy and x-ray diffraction were used to characterize ZnO-NPs. The method was successfully applied to detect carvedilol in pharmaceutical formulations. PMID:25159387

  4. OH* Chemiluminescence: Pressure Dependence of O + H + M = OH* + M 

    E-print Network

    Donato, Nicole

    2011-02-22

    .................................... 36? REFRENCES ................................................................................................................... 38? APPENDIX A SPECIES IN THE DETAILED MODEL ................................................ 47? APPENDIX B REACTIONS... its electronically excited state (A 2 ? + ) to its ground state (X 2 ?), has long been recognized as a diagnostics method in many combustion applications. Several studies have shown the ratio of peak OH*/CH* chemiluminescence provides key insight...

  5. Flow injection analysis of organic peroxide explosives using acid degradation and chemiluminescent detection of released hydrogen peroxide.

    PubMed

    Mahbub, Parvez; Zakaria, Philip; Guijt, Rosanne; Macka, Mirek; Dicinoski, Greg; Breadmore, Michael; Nesterenko, Pavel N

    2015-10-01

    The applicability of acid degradation of organic peroxides into hydrogen peroxide in a pneumatically driven flow injection system with chemiluminescence reaction with luminol and Cu(2+) as a catalyst (FIA-CL) was investigated for the fast and sensitive detection of organic peroxide explosives (OPEs). The target OPEs included hexamethylene triperoxide diamine (HMTD), triacetone triperoxide (TATP) and methylethyl ketone peroxide (MEKP). Under optimised conditions maximum degradations of 70% and 54% for TATP and HMTD, respectively were achieved at 162µLmin(-1), and 9% degradation for MEKP at 180µLmin(-1). Flow rates were precisely controlled in this single source pneumatic pressure driven multi-channel FIA system by model experiments on mixing of easily detectable component solutions. The linear range for detection of TATP, HMTD and H2O2 was 1-200µM (r(2)=0.98-0.99) at both flow rates, while that for MEKP was 20-200µM (r(2)=0.97) at 180µLmin(-1). The detection limits (LODs) obtained were 0.5µM for TATP, HMTD and H2O2 and 10µM for MEKP. The detection times varied from 1.5 to 3min in this FIA-CL system. Whilst the LOD for H2O2 was comparable with those reported by other investigators, the LODs and analysis times for TATP and HMTD were superior, and significantly, this is the first time the detection of MEKP has been reported by FIA-CL. PMID:26078148

  6. Detection of nucleic acid hybrids by prolonged chemiluminescence

    SciTech Connect

    Dattagupta, N.; Clemens, A.H.

    1988-12-27

    A method for determining a particular single stranded polynucleotide sequence in a test medium, comprising the steps of: (a) immobilizing on a solid support single stranded nucleic acids in the test medium, (b) contacting the immobilized nucleic acids with a polynucleotide probe having a base sequence substantially complementary to the sequence to be determined and the contacting being under conditions favorable to hybridization between the probe and the sequence to be determined, wherein the probe is labeled with a chemiluminescence enhancer, (c) separating the immobilized hybrids from the unhybridized probe, (d) initiating a chemiluminescent reaction by contacting the separated, labeled, immobilized hybrids with an oxidant, a 2.3-dihydro-1,4-phthalazinedione chemiluminescence precursor, and a peroxidase enzyme, (e) detecting the resulting light emission, and (f) relating the amount of emitted light to the amount of the single stranded polynucleotide sequence.

  7. Ultrasensitive chemiluminescent immunoassay of Salmonella with silver enhancement of nanogold labels.

    PubMed

    Wang, Zhouping; Duan, Nuo; Li, Jingquan; Ye, Jing; Ma, Shufeng; Le, Guowei

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, silver enhancement of nanogold labels coupled with chemiluminescence detection was developed for ultrasensitive immunoassay of Salmonella based upon antigen-antibody immunoreaction. Polyclonal rabbit anti-Salmonella sp. antibodies (pAb) were employed to establish the analytical protocol. The pAb coated onto ELISA microwell plates and Au nanoparticles (Au NPs) conjugated pAb capture target Salmonella to form a sandwich-type complex. Silver then was in situ deposited around the Au NPs core and resulted in the signal amplification. In consequence, silver was dissolved to form Ag(+) and a sensitive chemiluminescence based on the Ag(+)-K2S2O8-Mn(2+)-luminol system was coupled for further signal amplification. Under the optimized conditions, the chemiluminescent intensity is proportional to target Salmonella over the range of 5-1038?cfu?mL(-1) with a detection limit of 5?cfu?mL(-1). The relative standard deviation for 11 measurements of about 50-100?cfu/mL target Salmonella is 4.7%. The proposed method was successfully applied to measure Salmonella in food samples and the results are identical to those of the offical standard method of China. These offer us a more powerful tool for ultrasensitive assay of foodborne pathogens. PMID:21491565

  8. Chemiluminescence and bioluminescence microbe detection

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Taylor, R. E.; Chappelle, E.; Picciolo, G. L.; Jeffers, E. L.; Thomas, R. R.

    1978-01-01

    Automated biosensors for online use with NASA Water Monitoring System employs bioluminescence and chemiluminescence techniques to rapidly measure microbe contamination of water samples. System eliminates standard laboratory procedures requiring time duration of 24 hours or longer.

  9. Mechanism for the chemiluminescence in oxygen-phosphorus systems

    SciTech Connect

    Hamilton, P.A.; Murrells, T.P.

    1986-01-02

    The chemiluminescent reactions of oxygen with a variety of phosphorus-containing compounds have been examined in a discharge-flow/mass spectrometer system. Various qualitative tests and the correlation of the chemiluminescence with the mass spectrometric signals lend strong support to the suggestion that the green emitter is PO/sub 2/, formed in the reaction O + PO ..-->.. PO/sub 2/ + hnu. The results cannot be explained in terms of the PO excimer model. The blue emission seen in the phosphine system is not from the reaction of OH + PO as previously suggested but is tentatively assigned to the reaction O + POH ..-->.. PO/sub 2/H + hnu. 17 references, 3 figures.

  10. 3D-printed and CNC milled flow-cells for chemiluminescence detection.

    PubMed

    Spilstead, Kara B; Learey, Jessica J; Doeven, Egan H; Barbante, Gregory J; Mohr, Stephan; Barnett, Neil W; Terry, Jessica M; Hall, Robynne M; Francis, Paul S

    2014-08-01

    Herein we explore modern fabrication techniques for the development of chemiluminescence detection flow-cells with features not attainable using the traditional coiled tubing approach. This includes the first 3D-printed chemiluminescence flow-cells, and a milled flow-cell designed to split the analyte stream into two separate detection zones within the same polymer chip. The flow-cells are compared to conventional detection systems using flow injection analysis (FIA) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), with the fast chemiluminescence reactions of an acidic potassium permanganate reagent with morphine and a series of adrenergic phenolic amines. PMID:24881540

  11. Silver nanoparticle-based chemiluminescent sensor array for pesticide discrimination.

    PubMed

    He, Yi; Xu, Bo; Li, Wenhao; Yu, Haili

    2015-03-25

    In this work, we developed a simple, facile, and highly sensitive nanoparticle-based chemiluminescent (CL) sensor array for the discrimination of organophosphate and carbamate pesticides. This CL sensor array is based on simultaneous utilization of the triple-channel properties of the luminol-functionalized silver nanoparticle (Lum-AgNP) and H2O2 CL system containing CL intensity, the time for CL emissions to appear, and the time to reach the CL peak value, which are able to be measured via a single experiment. The triple-channel properties can be simultaneously altered after interaction with pesticides, producing distinct CL response patterns as "fingerprints" related to each specific pesticide, which was subjected to principal component analysis (PCA) to generate a clustering map. Using this sensor array, five organophosphate and carbamate pesticides, including dimethoate, dipterex, carbaryl, chlorpyrifos, and carbofuran, have been well-distinguished at a concentration of 24 ?g/mL. A total of 20 unknown pesticide samples have been successfully identified with an accuracy of 95%. The simple strategy of this study is expected to promote the development of functionalized nanomaterial-based sensor arrays. PMID:25751408

  12. Comparison of chemiluminescence methods for analysis of hydrogen peroxide and hydroxyl radicals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pehrman, R.; Amme, M.; Cachoir, C.

    2006-01-01

    Assessment of alpha radiolysis influence on the chemistry of geologically disposed spent fuel demands analytical methods for radiolytic product determination at trace levels. Several chemiluminescence methods for the detection of radiolytic oxidants hydrogen peroxide and hydroxyl radicals are tested. Two of hydrogen peroxide methods use luminol, catalyzed by either ?-peroxidase or hemin, one uses 10-methyl-9-(p-formylphenyl)-acridinium carboxylate trifluoromethanesulfonate and one potassium periodate. All recipes are tested as batch systems in basic conditions. For hydroxyl radical detection luminophores selected are 3-hydroxyphthalic hydrazide and rutin. Both methods are tested as batch systems. The results are compared and the applicability of the methods for near-field dissolution studies is discussed.

  13. Flow injection analysis of trace amounts of NADH with inhibited chemiluminescent detection.

    PubMed

    Li, Nianbing; Chen, Guonan

    2002-07-01

    The flow injection analysis of NADH was developed based on its inhibitory effect on a luminol-potassium hexacyanoferrate(III) chemiluminescence (CL) system. Under the optimum conditions, the decreased CL intensity was linear to the NADH concentration in the range of 5.0x10(-8)-2.0x10(-5) mol l(-1). The relative standard deviation was 1.24% for eight determinations of 1.0x10(-6) mol l(-1) NADH and the detection limit (3s(b1)/S) was 2.0x10(-8) mol l(-1). The study of interfering substances was also performed and the method was applied to the direct determination of trace amounts of NADH in synthetic samples with satisfactory results. Moreover, the inhibitory mechanism of CL was investigated with CL spectra, fluorescence spectra and UV-visible absorption spectra. PMID:18968701

  14. Simultaneous speciation of iron(II) and iron(III) by ion chromatography with chemiluminescence detection.

    PubMed

    Chen, Yun-Chieh; Jian, Yu-Ling; Chiu, Kong-Hwa; Yak, Hwa-Kwang

    2012-01-01

    This study reports on a method for the speciation of iron in aqueous samples by the simultaneous analysis of divalent and trivalent iron ions with ion chromatography equipped with chemiluminescence detection (IC-CLD). Ferrous and ferric ions are first chelated by pyridine-2,6-dicarboxylic acid (PDCA) to form complexed anions, and separated by a mixed-bed ion-exchange column. The separated complexed ions are then detected with a CLD system containing luminol and hydrogen peroxide in a basic solution. This luminescence system has a linear dynamic range of ca. 3 orders of magnitude, with method detection limits as low as 7 µg L(-1) for Fe(II) and 3 µg L(-1) for Fe(III), measured in the simultaneous detection mode. This system resists interferences from common cations such as Cd, Ca, Cr, Cu, Mg, Ni, Pb, and Zn. Evaluation by analyzing real samples shows that this method is rapid, accurate, sensitive, and selective. PMID:22878635

  15. CdS nanoparticles-enhanced chemiluminescence and determination of baicalin in pharmaceutical preparations.

    PubMed

    Chen, Xiaolan; Tan, Xinmei; Wang, Jianxiu

    2013-01-01

    CdS nanoparticles (CdS NPs) of different sizes were synthesized by the citrate reduction method. It was found that CdS NPs could enhance the chemiluminescence (CL) of the luminol-potassium ferricyanide system and baicalin could inhibit CdS NPs-enhanced luminol-potassium ferricyanide CL signals in alkaline solution. Based on this inhibition, a flow-injection CL method was established for determination of baicalin in pharmaceutical preparations and human urine samples. Under optimized conditions, the linear range for determination of baicalin was 5.0 x 10(-6) to 1.0 x 10(-3) g/L. The detection limit at a signal-to-noise ratio of 3 was 1.7 x 10(-6) g/L. CL spectra, UV-visible spectra and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were used to investigate the CL mechanism. The method described is simple, selective and obviates the need of extensive sample pretreatment. PMID:22473830

  16. A paper-based chemiluminescence device for the determination of ofloxacin.

    PubMed

    Liu, Wei; Guo, Yumei; Li, Huifang; Zhao, Mei; Lai, Zesheng; Li, Baoxin

    2015-02-25

    Paper-based devices are biodegradable and have been used in diagnosis and environmental analysis field. In this work, a wax-printed paper-based analytical device combined with silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) catalyzed luminol chemiluminescence (CL) system for the determination of ofloxacin (OFLX) was presented. It was based on the enhancement of CL intensity of luminol-H2O2-OFLX system by AgNPs. Wax-printing fabrication technique was used to make the simple circle shaped paper device and large scale chips can be fabricated at the same time. Under the selected experimental conditions, a linear relationship was obtained between the CL intensity and the concentration of OFLX in the range from 1.0×10(-9) g/mL to 1.0×10(-6) g/mL with a detection limit of 3.0×10(-10) g/mL. This method has been successfully applied to the determination of OFLX in eyedrop samples. PMID:25306129

  17. Sensitive determination of hemoglobin in human blood and serum by flow injection coupled with chemiluminescence detection.

    PubMed

    Cao, Jun-Tao; Wang, Hui; Chen, Yong-Hong; Liu, Yan-Ming

    2014-01-01

    A sensitive method to detect hemoglobin (Hb) by flow injection (FI) coupled with chemiluminescence (CL) detection was described, which based on Hb strong enhancing effect on weak luminol-hydrazine CL system in alkaline medium. Parameters affecting the CL detection conditions and FI-CL system were optimized. The effects of possible coexisting substances in human blood and serum of detection Hb were evaluated. Under the optimum conditions, the net CL intensity versus Hb concentration was linear in the range of 5.0 x 10(-9) - 6.0 x 10(-5) g x mL(-1) with the detection limit of 5.8 x 10(-10) g x mL(-1) (9.0 x 10(-12) mol x L(-1)). The relative standard deviations (RSDs) for 8 replicate determinations of 5.0 x 10(-7) and 3.0 x 10(-6) g x mL(-1) Hb were 1.6% and 1.5%, respectively. In addition, the recoveries of Hb in human blood and serum were carried out and varied from 83.0% to 101.0%. The proposed method has been successfully applied for the determination of Hb in healthy human blood and serum. The possible mechanism of Hb enhancing the weak CL emission of luminol-hydrazine system in NaOH solution was discussed by fluorescence spectrophotometer and UV-Vis spectrophotometer. PMID:24783569

  18. A paper-based chemiluminescence device for the determination of ofloxacin

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Wei; Guo, Yumei; Li, Huifang; Zhao, Mei; Lai, Zesheng; Li, Baoxin

    2015-02-01

    Paper-based devices are biodegradable and have been used in diagnosis and environmental analysis field. In this work, a wax-printed paper-based analytical device combined with silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) catalyzed luminol chemiluminescence (CL) system for the determination of ofloxacin (OFLX) was presented. It was based on the enhancement of CL intensity of luminol-H2O2-OFLX system by AgNPs. Wax-printing fabrication technique was used to make the simple circle shaped paper device and large scale chips can be fabricated at the same time. Under the selected experimental conditions, a linear relationship was obtained between the CL intensity and the concentration of OFLX in the range from 1.0 × 10-9 g/mL to 1.0 × 10-6 g/mL with a detection limit of 3.0 × 10-10 g/mL. This method has been successfully applied to the determination of OFLX in eyedrop samples.

  19. Chemiluminescence Study on Thermal Degradation of Aircraft Tire Elastomers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mendenhall, G. D.; Stanford, T. B.; Nathan, R. A.

    1976-01-01

    Since the autoxidative process accounts in part for the degradation of rubber, including aircraft tires, it was felt that a study of the chemiluminescence from unsaturated elastomers could contribute significantly to an understanding of the degradation mechanism. The study revealed similarities in chemiluminescence behavior between four elastomers which were investigated, and it shows that similar oxidation mechanisms occur. Oxidative chemiluminescence was observed from purified samples of cis-1,4-polybutadiene, cis-1,4-polyisoprene, trans-polypentenamer, and 1,2-polybutadiene in an oxygen atmosphere at 25-150 C. The elastomer samples were placed in a 600 watt oven which is equipped with gas inlets for introducing any desired atmosphere. Chemiluminescence emission from the samples was focused with a two inch quartz lens onto the detector of a 12" photomultiplier which is connected to a photon counter. A strip-chart recorder, connected to the counter, permitted automatic data collection. Diagrams of the apparatus are included. The chemical reactions which occurred from the thermal decomposition of the polymer samples are described, and results (and tabulated data) are discussed.

  20. Enhanced chemiluminescent detection scheme for trace vapor sensing in pneumatically-tuned hollow core photonic bandgap fibers

    E-print Network

    Stolyarov, Alexander Mark

    We demonstrate an in-fiber gas phase chemical detection architecture in which a chemiluminescent (CL) reaction is spatially and spectrally matched to the core modes of hollow photonic bandgap (PBG) fibers in order to enhance ...

  1. Chemiluminescent Detection of Horseradish Peroxidase Using an Integrated Amorphous Silicon Thin-Film Photosensor

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. T. Pereira; A. C. Pimentel; V. Chu; D. M. F. Prazeres; J. P. Conde

    2009-01-01

    A hydrogenated amorphous silicon p-i-n photodiode fabricated on a glass substrate is used for the integrated, real-time detection of biochemiluminescent reactions. The light emission at 425 nm resulting from the oxidation of luminol catalyzed by the enzyme horseradish peroxidase (HRP) is detected. This enzyme is commonly used as a label attached to biomolecules such as proteins and nucleic acids. In

  2. NO A{sup 2}{Sigma}{sup +}-X{sup 2}II chemiluminescence produced from the reaction of excited NO{sub 2} with acetylene and its derivatives in their triplet states

    SciTech Connect

    Sisk, Wade; Endo; Hiromu; Shibuya, Kazuhiko; Obi, Kinichi [Tokyo Institute of Technology, Meguro, Tokyo (Japan)

    1992-08-06

    This paper discusses how reacting excited NO{sub 2} with acetylene and its derivatives produced NO(A{sup 2}{Sigma}{sup +}) by a NO A{sup 2}{sigma}{sup +}-X{sup 2}II chemiluminescence produced by a triplet-state mechanism, with acetylene > methylacetylene > ethylacetylene > phenylacetylene > benzene in terms of efficiency. 22 refs., 8 figs., 2 tabs.

  3. Effect of atomic reagent approach geometry on reactivity: Reactions of aligned CaCP1) with HCI, C12, and CCI4

    E-print Network

    Zare, Richard N.

    velocity vector of the reagents in a beam-gas scattering geometry. While the total chemiluminescence cross reaction with CI, shows a strong preference for perpendicular p-orbital approach in both chemiluminescent) and CaCI(B '.I +) channels. Chemiluminescence spectra, absolute chemiluminescence cross sections

  4. Simplified ozone detection by chemiluminescence

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Conway, E. J.; Rogowski, R. S.; Richards, R. R.

    1977-01-01

    Ozone is detected by film coated with solid, such as rubrene, that reacts with ozone to degree proportional to concentration in sample gas. Gas flow is stopped, and film is heated to produce light (chemiluminescence) in proportion to amount of reacted material on sensor.

  5. CHEMILUMINESCENT MONITOR FOR VINYL CHLORIDE

    EPA Science Inventory

    A monitor for vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) in ambient air was constructed using commercially available components of a gas chromatograph (GC) coupled with a chemiluminescence ozone analyzer slightly modified to make it suitable for use as a GC detector. The specificity for VCM is...

  6. A comparison of flame ionization and ozone chemiluminescence for the determination of atmospheric hydrocarbons.

    SciTech Connect

    Marley, N. A.; Gaffney, J. S.; Environmental Research

    1998-01-01

    A reactive hydrocarbon analyzer has been constructed on the basis of chemiluminescence reaction with ozone. This detector is designed to operate at varying temperatures which take advantage of the different rates of reaction of the hydrocarbon classes with ozone to yield a measure of their atmospheric reactivity. When operated at high temperatures (170 C), all hydrocarbons will give a chemiluminescence signal. Reported here is a direct comparison of the ozone chemiluminescent detector (operated at a temperature of 170 C) with a flame ionization detector. This comparison was accomplished by connecting a capillary gas chromatograph to each of the two detectors by means of a switching valve. Twenty-seven compounds representing alkanes, alkenes, aromatics, and oxygenated hydrocarbons (aldehydes, ketones, alcohols, and ethers) were studied. For the compounds studied, analytical sensitivities were 10-1000 times better for the chemiluminescence detector. The results of this comparison indicate that the response of the chemiluminescent detector at 170 C correlates with a total carbon detector (flame ionization detection) and that total response is a measure of total carbon in the sample. The chemiluminescent system will be very useful for gas chromatographic detection of atmospheric hydrocarbons, particularly of oxygenates in complex mixtures.

  7. Cerium (IV)-based chemiluminescence analysis of hydrochlorothiazide

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J Ouyang; W. R. G Baeyens; J Delanghe; G Van der weken; A. C Calokerinos

    1998-01-01

    A flow-injection analytical method for the determination of hydrochlorothiazide is presented. The method is based on the chemiluminescence reaction of hydrochlorothiazide with cerium(IV) in sulphuric acid, sensitized by the fluorescent dye rhodamine 6G. The proposed procedure allows quantitation of hydrochlorothiazide in the concentration range of 0.33–130 ?mol l?1 with a detection limit of 0.15 ?mol l?1, an RSD of 2.4%

  8. Flow-injection chemiluminescence and electrogenerated chemiluminescence determination of escitalopram oxalate in tablet form.

    PubMed

    Alarfaj, Nawal A; Aly, Fatma A; Al-Qahtany, Abeer A

    2013-01-01

    Rapid, simple and highly sensitive flow-injection (FI) chemiluminescence (CL) and flow-injection electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL) methods were developed for the determination of escitalopram oxalate (ESC), a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor used as an antidepressant drug. The CL method was based on the CL reaction of ESC with acidic cerium(IV) and tris(2,2'-bipyridyl)ruthenium(II) (Ru(bipy)(3)(2)+). Various experimental parameters affecting CL intensity were carefully studied and optimised. The method enabled the determination of 0.001-50 µg/mL of ESC in bulk form with a correlation coefficient r = 0.9999. The limit of detection (LOD) was 0.01 ng/mL (S/N = 3). The ECL method was based on the ECL reaction of Ru(bipy)(3)(2)+ with the drug in an acidic medium, permitting the determination of ESC in the range of 0.00001-70 µg/mL with r = 0.9999 and LOD of 1 x 10(-4) ng/mL. The proposed methods were applied to the determination of ESC in commercial tablets. The results were compared statistically with those obtained from a published method using t- and F-tests. PMID:22555899

  9. Flow-injection analysis chemiluminescence detection combined with microdialysis sampling for studying protein binding of drug.

    PubMed

    Huang, Y; Zhang, Z; Zhang, D; Lv, J

    2001-01-01

    The bovine serum album binding of streptomycin sulfate was studied in vitro using the technique of microdialysis combined with flow-injection analysis-chemiluminescence detection. The principle of the determination of streptomycin sulfate is that it increases the radiation emitted during the chemiluminescence oxidation of luminol by potassium hexacyanoferrate (III) in sodium hydroxide medium. The drug and protein were mixed in different molar ratios in 0.067 M phosphate buffer, pH 7.4, and incubated at 37 degrees C in a water bath. The microdialysis probe was utilized to sample the mixed solution at a perfusion rate of 5 mul min(-1). The concentration of unbound streptomycin sulfate in the microdialysate was determined by FIA-CL. In vitro recovery of streptomycin sulfate under experimental conditions was 22%. The data obtained by the present microdialysis-FI-CL system was analyzed using the Scatchard analysis and Klotz plot. The results show that the Scatchard plot and Klotz plot are linear, showing that studied drug has only one type of binding sites. The estimated binding parameters agreed well with literature values. PMID:18968173

  10. Novel FIA chemiluminescence fiber optic biosensor for urinary and blood glucose

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cattaneo, Maurice V.; Luong, J. H. T.

    1993-05-01

    A chemiluminescence fiber optic biosensor system coupled to FIA was developed to measure glucose in bodily fluids. Glucose oxidase was immobilized on a preactivated nylon membrane and attached to the tip of a fiber optic bundle. This enzyme acts on (beta) -D-glucose to produce hydrogen peroxide which was then reacted with luminol in the presence of ferricyanide to produce a light signal. The sensitivity of the biosensor was determined to be 32 +/- 0.65 nV (mu) M-1 with a minimum detectable level of 5 (mu) M. The addition of a glucose oxidase column with a higher enzyme loading improved the sensitivity by at least 25-fold thus permitting the measurement of the lower glucose levels found in urine. The enzyme membrane could be reused for at least 50 analyses while the glucose oxidase column could be reused for over 500 analyses without losing the original activity. Endogenous ascorbate and urate usually present in urine samples which interfere with the chemiluminescence signal were effectively retained by an upstream ion exchange column. When applied for the determination of urinary and blood glucose levels, the results obtained compared well with those of the widely accepted hexokinase assay.

  11. Quantification of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid in oranges and mandarins by chemiluminescent ELISA.

    PubMed

    Vdovenko, Marina M; Stepanova, Alexandra S; Eremin, Sergei A; Van Cuong, Nguyen; Uskova, Natalia A; Yu Sakharov, Ivan

    2013-11-15

    Direct competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) was developed. Varying the concentrations of monoclonal anti-2,4-D-antibody and the conjugate of soybean peroxidase and 2,4-D the conditions of ELISA performance were optimised. The chemiluminescent method based on peroxidase-catalysed oxidation of luminol was applied to measure the enzyme activity of the conjugate. A mixture of 3-(10'-phenothiazinyl)propane-1-sulfonate and 4-morpholinopyridine was used as potent enhancer of chemiluminescence signal. It was shown that the values of the lower detection limit, IC50 and the working range were 1.5, 64.0, and 6.5-545ng/mL, respectively. The recovery values of CL-ELISA from 10 spiked samples of oranges (n=5) and mandarins (n=5) cultivated in green house without use of 2,4-D and containing different 2,4-D concentrations (10-300ng/mL) were ranged from 92% to 104% that indicated on the absence of matrix effect for the fruit extracts of interest. Determination of 2,4-D in peel of five oranges and five mandarins purchased from stores in Vietnam showed that 2,4-D content in oranges fruits (79-104?g/kg) was significantly higher than that in mandarins (1.66-2.82?g/kg). PMID:23790860

  12. A magnetic particles-based chemiluminescence enzyme immunoassay for rapid detection of ovalbumin.

    PubMed

    Feng, Xiao-Li; Ren, Hong-Lin; Li, Yan-Song; Hu, Pan; Zhou, Yu; Liu, Zeng-Shan; Yan, Dong-Ming; Hui, Qi; Liu, Dong; Lin, Chao; Liu, Nan-Nan; Liu, Yan-Yan; Lu, Shi-Ying

    2014-08-15

    Egg allergy is an important public health and safety concern, so quantification and administration of food or vaccines containing ovalbumin (OVA) are urgently needed. This study aimed to establish a rapid and sensitive magnetic particles-chemiluminescence enzyme immunoassay (MPs-CLEIA) for the determination of OVA. The proposed method was developed on the basis of a double antibodies sandwich immunoreaction and luminol-H2O2 chemiluminescence system. The MPs served as both the solid phase and separator, the anti-OVA MPs-coated polyclonal antibodies (pAbs) were used as capturing antibody, and the horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-labeled monoclonal antibody (mAb) was taken as detecting antibody. The parameters of the method were evaluated and optimized. The established MPs-CLEIA method had a linear range from 0.31 to 100ng/ml with a detection limit of 0.24ng/ml. The assays showed low reactivities and less than 5% of intraassay and interassay coefficients of variation (CVs), and the average recoveries were between 92 and 97%. Furthermore, the developed method was applied in real samples analysis successfully, and the correlation coefficient with the commercially available OVA kit was 0.9976. Moreover, it was more rapid and sensitive compared with the other methods for testing OVA. PMID:24769049

  13. Enhanced competitive chemiluminescent enzyme immunoassay for the trace detection of insecticide triazophos.

    PubMed

    Jin, Maojun; Shao, Hua; Jin, Fen; Gui, Wenjun; Shi, Xiaomei; Wang, Jing; Zhu, Guonian

    2012-05-01

    A direct competitive chemiluminescent enzyme immunoassay (CLEIA) for triazophos was developed, which was based on the anti-THHe IgG monoclonal antibody and a heterogeneous enzyme tracer (THHu-HRP). Several components of chemiluminescent enhanced solution (CES) were optimized. The results showed that 1 mM of p-iodo-phenol, 0.625 mM of luminol, and 4 mM of H(2)O(2) had the best performance. Based on the study of CES, the influence of several factors (assay buffer, blocking substance, and solvent) on the immunoassay was investigated. The sensitivity for detection, IC(50) value was 0.87 ng/mL at a practical working concentration range between 0.04 ng/mL and 5 ng/mL and the limit of detection for triazophos was 0.063 ng/mL. The average recovery of triazophos added to lettuce, carrot, apple, water, and soil were 78.71%, 67.52%, 118.3%, 117.2%, and 122.0%, respectively. Finally, comparison between the methods of CLEIA and high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrum (HPLC-MS/MS) was performed. The results obtained from CLEIA were in agreement with those of HPLC-MS/MS. PMID:22490114

  14. Using a large area CMOS APS for direct chemiluminescence detection in Western blotting electrophoresis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Esposito, Michela; Newcombe, Jane; Anaxagoras, Thalis; Allinson, Nigel M.; Wells, Kevin

    2012-03-01

    Western blotting electrophoretic sequencing is an analytical technique widely used in Functional Proteomics to detect, recognize and quantify specific labelled proteins in biological samples. A commonly used label for western blotting is Enhanced ChemiLuminescence (ECL) reagents based on fluorescent light emission of Luminol at 425nm. Film emulsion is the conventional detection medium, but is characterized by non-linear response and limited dynamic range. Several western blotting digital imaging systems have being developed, mainly based on the use of cooled Charge Coupled Devices (CCDs) and single avalanche diodes that address these issues. Even so these systems present key drawbacks, such as a low frame rate and require operation at low temperature. Direct optical detection using Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS) Active Pixel Sensors (APS)could represent a suitable digital alternative for this application. In this paper the authors demonstrate the viability of direct chemiluminescent light detection in western blotting electrophoresis using a CMOS APS at room temperature. Furthermore, in recent years, improvements in fabrication techniques have made available reliable processes for very large imagers, which can be now scaled up to wafer size, allowing direct contact imaging of full size western blotting samples. We propose using a novel wafer scale APS (12.8 cm×13.2 cm), with an array architecture using two different pixel geometries that can deliver an inherently low noise and high dynamic range image at the same time representing a dramatic improvement with respect to the current western blotting imaging systems.

  15. A firefly inspired one-pot chemiluminescence system using n-propylphosphonic anhydride (T3P).

    PubMed

    Kato, Dai-ichiro; Shirakawa, Daiki; Polz, Robin; Maenaka, Mika; Takeo, Masahiro; Negoro, Seiji; Niwa, Kazuki

    2014-12-01

    A simple reaction procedure for chemiluminescence of firefly luciferin (D-luc) using n-propylphosphonic anhydride (T3P) is reported. A luminescent photon is produced as a result of one-pot reaction, only requiring mixing with the substrate carboxylic acid and T3P in the presence of a mild organic base. PMID:25350893

  16. Light Stick Chemistry: Bioluminescence and Chemiluminescence (title provided or enhanced by cataloger)

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Michael DiSpezio

    This activity will offer students an introduction to chemiluminescence and bioluminescence, an opportunity to observe the effect of temperature on reaction, and an activity that integrates art and science. Students explore how the temperature of the chemicals that combine affects a chemiluminescent reaction. They will also learn that since solar radiation does not reach the ocean depths, the bottom of the deep ocean remains largely in complete darkness. However, certain animals in this extreme environment can generate bioluminescent light to communicate with each other and even to lure prey.

  17. Predicted NO/sub 2/ ir chemiluminescence in the natural atmosphere. Technical report, February-May 1986

    SciTech Connect

    Adler-Golden, S.

    1986-05-13

    Results from the author's recent theoretical study of NO/sub 2/ ir chemiluminescence from the NO + 0 and NO + O/sub 3/ reactions are employed in a new upper atmospheric NO/sub 2/ ir radiance model. Predictions are made for altitude-dependent and column-integrated NO/sub 2/ chemiluminescent radiance in four vibrational bands, and comparison is made with previous model predictions.

  18. Rapid determination of Papaver somniferum alkaloids in process streams using monolithic column high-performance liquid chromatography with chemiluminescence detection

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jason W. Costin; Simon W. Lewis; Stuart D. Purcell; Lucy R. Waddell; Paul S. Francis; Neil W. Barnett

    2007-01-01

    We have combined high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) separations using a monolithic column with acidic potassium permanganate and tris(2,2?-bipyridyl)ruthenium(II) chemiluminescence detection in a rapid and highly sensitive method to monitor the process of extracting opiate alkaloids from Papaver somniferum. Due to the high flow rates allowed with the monolithic column and the inherent selectivity of the chemiluminescence reactions, the four predominant

  19. A critical evaluation of a flow-cell based on a liquid core waveguide for chemiluminescence measurements.

    PubMed

    Sanchez, Mariana A; Rocha, Fábio R P

    2008-01-01

    Liquid-core waveguides (LCWs), devices that constrain the emitted radiation minimizing losses during the transport, are an alternative to maximize the amount of detected radiation in luminescence. In this work, the performance of a LCW flow-cell was critically evaluated for chemiluminescence measurements, by using as model the oxidation of luminol by hydrogen peroxide or hypochlorite. An analytical procedure for hypochlorite determination was also developed, with linear response in the range 0.2-3.8 mg/L (2.7-51 micromol/L), a detection limit estimated as 8 microg/L (0.64 micromol/L) at the 99.7% confidence level and luminol consumption of 50 microg/determination. The coefficients of variation were 3.3% and 1.6% for 0.4 and 1.9 mg/L ClO(-), respectively, with a sampling rate of 164 determinations/h. The procedure was applied to the analysis of Dakin's solution samples, yielding results in agreement with those obtained by iodometric titration at the 95% confidence level. PMID:18814188

  20. Stress chemiluminescence: predictive applications to polymer failure

    SciTech Connect

    Richardson, J.H.; Monaco, S.B.; Breshears, J.D.; Johnson, D.C.; Lanning, S.M.; Morgan, R.J.

    1981-10-01

    A computer-controlled stress chemiluminescence instrument has been designed and assembled. A LSI-11 microprocessor is used to ramp the stepping motor which applies the stress to the polymer sample. The computer also acquires data from the load cell and the photon counter, and outputs the essential data to either a printer or floppy disk for storage and subsequent manipulation. The stress chemiluminescence technique has been previously reported by Levy and Fanter: the significant result of this work is the correlation of an enhanced chemiluminescence signal in a low stress environment with the subsequent premature mechanical failure of the polymer sample. Currently only epoxy and nylon samples have been examined; not all epoxy polymers appear to have this correlation between mechanical failure and stress chemiluminescence signal (of course, previous work by Levy and Fanter indicated that not all polymers exhibit a correlation between stress and chemiluminescence). The technique will be extended to fibers, composites, and polymers subjected to accelerated aging.

  1. Microfluidic device capable of sensing ultrafast chemiluminescence.

    PubMed

    Kim, Young-Teck; Ko, Seok Oh; Lee, Ji Hoon

    2009-05-15

    Based on the principle of liquid core waveguide, a novel microfluidic device with micro-scale detection window capable of sensing flashlight emitted from rapid 1,1'-oxalyldi-4-methylimidazole (OD4MI) chemiluminescence (CL) reaction was fabricated. Light emitted from OD4MI CL reaction occurring in the micro-dimensional pentagonal detection window (length of each line segment: 900.0 microm, depth: 50.0 microm) of the microfluidic device with two inlets and one outlet was so bright that it was possible to take an image every 1/30 s at the optimal focusing distance (60 cm) using a commercial digital camera. Peaks obtained using a flow injection analysis (FIA) system with the micro-scale detection window and OD4MI CL detection show excellent resolution and reproducibility without any band-broadening observed in analytical devices having additional reaction channel(s) to measure light generated from slow CL reaction. Maximum height (H(max)) and area (A) of peak, reproducibility and sensitivity observed in the FIA system with the microfluidic device and OD4MI CL detection depends on (1) the mole ratio between bis(2,4,6-trichlorophenyl) oxalate and 4-methyl imidazole yielding OD4MI, (2) the flow rate to mix OD4MI, H(2)O(2) and 1-AP in the detection window of the microfluidic device, and (3) H(2)O(2) concentration. We obtained linear calibration curves with wide dynamic ranges using H(max) and A. The detection limit of 1-AP determined with H(max) and A was as low as 0.05 fmole/injection (signal/background=3.0). PMID:19269463

  2. Chemiluminescent Detection of Oxidants in Vascular Tissue Lucigenin But Not Coelenterazine Enhances Superoxide Formation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Margaret M. Tarpey; C. Roger White; Edward Suarez; Gloria Richardson; Rafael Radi; Bruce A. Freeman

    Lucigenin-amplified chemiluminescence has frequently been used to assess the formation of superoxide in vascular tissues. However, the ability of lucigenin to undergo redox cycling in purified enzyme-substrate mixtures has raised questions concerning the use of lucigenin as an appropriate probe for the measurement of superoxide production. Addition of lucigenin to reaction mixtures of xanthine oxidase plus NADH resulted in increased

  3. Crossed-beam chemiluminescent studies of alkaline earth atoms with CI02

    E-print Network

    Zare, Richard N.

    Crossed-beam chemiluminescent studies of alkaline earth atoms with CI02 F. Engelke,* R. K. Sander from the reaction of the alkaline earth metals, M =Mg, Ca, Sr, and Ba, with chlorine dioxide, CI02 two "old" CI-O bonds are broken and two "new" bonds, MCI and °2, are formed. Chemical attack

  4. Chemiluminescence chemical detection of vapors and device

    SciTech Connect

    Collins, G.E.; Rose-Pehrsson, S.L.

    1995-07-10

    A solid phase chemical sensor includes a polymer film which has a chemiluminescent reagent immobilized therein. The polymer film and chemiluminescent reagent are chosen to significantly enhance the selectivity of the sensor to the analyte in the gaseous phase to which the sensor is exposed. The sensor is then positioned so that, when exposed to the gaseous mixture, any chemiluminescence generated will be detected by a photomultiplier tube or other photoelectric device, such as a photodiode. The sensor is particularly useful in the detection of O2, N2H4, SO2, NO2, and halogenated hydrocarbons.

  5. Flame Chemiluminescence Rate Constants for Quantitative Microgravity Combustion Diagnostics

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Luque, Jorge; Smith, Gregory P.; Jeffries, Jay B.; Crosley, David R.; Weiland, Karen (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    Absolute excited state concentrations of OH(A), CH(A), and C2(d) were determined in three low pressure premixed methane-air flames. Two dimensional images of chemiluminescence from these states were recorded by a filtered CCD camera, processed by Abel inversion, and calibrated against Rayleigh scattering, Using a previously validated 1-D flame model with known chemistry and excited state quenching rate constants, rate constants are extracted for the reactions CH + O2 (goes to) OH(A) + CO and C2H + O (goes to) CH(A) + CO at flame temperatures. Variations of flame emission intensities with stoichiometry agree well with model predictions.

  6. Relative independence of luminol-enhanced intensity of photon emission during oxidative burst from nondiluted human blood on the volume and surface area of the sample

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Voeikov, Vladimir L.; Novikov, Cyril N.

    1997-05-01

    Parameters of chemiluminescence (CL) from nondiluted human blood were studied. Kinetics and intensity of CL depended upon donor's state of health, time after blood extravasion, conditions of its storage, conditions of its counting. Peculiar dependence of Luminol-enhanced CL on sample volume changes during respiratory burst (RB) was revealed. When 0.5 ml aliquots were consecutively taken from blood and transferred into another vial of the same configuration, each subtraction of blood was followed by an acceleration of CL intensity growth. Summation of portions of blood in the second vial resulted in deceleration of CL intensity increase from it. At equal volumes of blood CL intensity from the first sample was manifold higher than from the second one and this difference was increasing on with further transfers. When blood was transferred back to the first sample, CL intensity from the 'donor' sample began to increase at a faster rate, while CL intensity from the 'recipient' sample stabilized. Such behavior was characteristic of nondiluted healthy donors' blood. Diluted blood or blood of sick people demonstrated different behavior. It is suggested that CL parameters of nondiluted blood may be informative of integrative properties of blood tissue.

  7. 5-Amino-4-sulfanylphthalhydrazide as a chemiluminescence derivatization reagent for aromatic aldehydes in liquid chromatography.

    PubMed

    Yoshida, H; Nakao, R; Nohta, H; Yamaguchi, M

    2000-11-10

    5-Amino-4-sulfanylphthalhydrazide (ASPH) was synthesized as a chemiluminescence derivatization reagent for aromatic aldehydes in liquid chromatography (LC). Benzaldehyde, 4-tolualdehyde, 4-chlorobenzaldehyde, 4-formylbenzoic acid, 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde and vanillin were used as model compounds to optimize the derivatization conditions. This reagent, ASPH, reacts selectively with aromatic aldehydes in the presence of sodium sulfite and disodium hydrogenphoshite in acidic medium at 100 degrees C to give the corresponding highly chemiluminescent 2-arylbenzothiazole derivatives. The resulting derivatives generated intense chemiluminescence by reaction with hydrogen peroxide and potassium hexacyanoferrate(III) in alkaline solution. The ASPH derivatives of aromatic aldehydes were separated by reversed-phase liquid chromatography with isocratic elution, and detected chemiluminometrically after mixing with oxidizing agents. The detection limits (signal-to-noise ratio = 3) for aromatic aldehydes are in the range 0.2-4.0 fmol for a 20-microl injection volume. Currently, the method is not effective for aliphatic aldehydes because of interfering LC peaks. PMID:11185615

  8. Storable, thermally activated, near-infrared chemiluminescent dyes and dye-stained microparticles for optical imaging

    PubMed Central

    Baumes, Jeffrey M.; Gassensmith, Jeremiah J.; Giblin, Jay; Lee, Jung-Jae; White, Alexander G.; Culligan, William J.; Leevy, W. Matthew; Kuno, Masaru; Smith, Bradley D.

    2011-01-01

    Optical molecular imaging employs relatively harmless, low-energy light and technically straightforward instrumentation. Self-illuminating, chemiluminescent systems are especially attractive since they have inherently high signal contrast due to the lack of background emission. Currently, chemiluminescence imaging involves short-lived molecular species that are not stored but instead generated in situ, and they typically emit visible light, which does not penetrate far through heterogeneous biological media. Here, we describe a new paradigm for optical molecular imaging using squaraine rotaxane endoperoxides (SREPs), interlocked fluorescent and chemiluminescent dye molecules that have a squaraine chromophore encapsulated inside a macrocycle endoperoxide. SREPs can be stored indefinitely at temperatures below ?20 °C, but upon warming to body temperature they undergo a unimolecular chemical reaction and emit near infrared light that can pass through a living mouse. Dye-stained microparticles are easily prepared for in vivo near-infrared optical imaging using commercial imaging stations. PMID:21107365

  9. A new modular chemiluminescence immunoassay analyser evaluated.

    PubMed

    Ognibene, A; Drake, C J; Jeng, K Y; Pascucci, T E; Hsu, S; Luceri, F; Messeri, G

    2000-03-01

    Thyrotropin (TSH), free thyroxine (fT4) and testosterone assays have been used as a probe to evaluate the performances of a new modular chemiluminescence (CL) immunoassay analyser, the Abbott Architect 2000. The evaluation was run in parallel on other systems that use CL as the detection reaction: DPC Immulite, Chiron Diagnostics ACS-180 and ACS Centaur (TSH functional sensitivity only). TSH functional sensitivity was 0.0012, 0.009, 0.033 and 0.039 mU/I for the Architect, Immulite, ACS Centaur and ACS-180, respectively. Testosterone functional sensitivity was 0.38, 3.7 and 2.0 nmol/l for Architect, Immulite and ACS-180, respectively. Good correlation was obtained between the ACS-180 and Architect for all assays. The Immulite correlation did not agree well with the Architect or ACS-180 for fT4 and testosterone but was in good agreement for TSH. Regarding fT4 and testosterone, equilibrium dialysis and isotopic dilution gas-chromatography mass-spectrometry (GC-MS) respectively were used as reference methods. For both within- and between-run precision, the Architect showed the best reproducibility for all three analytes (CV < 6%). PMID:10905763

  10. Exploring host-guest interactions of sulfobutylether-?-cyclodextrin and phenolic acids by chemiluminescence and site-directed molecular docking.

    PubMed

    Xiong, Xunyu; Zhao, Xinfeng; Song, Zhenghua

    2014-09-01

    We have developed a rapid method that allows us to characterize the binding interaction of sulfobutylether-?-cyclodextrin (SBE-?-CD) with five therapeutically important phenolic acids: ferulic acid, caffeic acid, gallic acid, protocatechuic acid, and vanillic acid. The method utilizes a flow-injection chemiluminescence (FI-CL) technique that relies on the inhibition of a cyclodextrin-luminol chemiluminescence (CL) by increasing amounts of the phenolic acids (PAs). This loss of CL with increasing amounts of PAs fits the equation lg[(I0-Is)/Is]=lgKPAs+nlg[PAs], allowing calculation of the binding constant (KPAs) and stoichiometric ratio (n). The five phenolic acids and SBE-?-CD formed complexes with a stoichiometric ratio of 1:1. The binding constants were on the order of 10(7) M(-1). These results showed a good correlation with the scores calculated by molecular docking. Further investigation by site-directed molecular docking and linear correlation analysis revealed that PAs entered the larger cavity of SBE-?-CD and the formation constants mainly depended on the number of hydrogen bond acceptors in the PAs structures. All these results indicate that the CL-based affinity method can be used for direct determination of host-guest inclusion interactions and has great potential to become a reliable alternative for quantitatively studying host-guest binding and drug-protein interactions. PMID:24882270

  11. A simple and compact smartphone accessory for quantitative chemiluminescence-based lateral flow immunoassay for salivary cortisol detection.

    PubMed

    Zangheri, Martina; Cevenini, Luca; Anfossi, Laura; Baggiani, Claudio; Simoni, Patrizia; Di Nardo, Fabio; Roda, Aldo

    2015-02-15

    We have developed a simple and accurate biosensor based on a chemiluminescent (CL)-lateral flow immunoassay (LFIA) method integrated in a smartphone to quantitatively detect salivary cortisol. The biosensor is based on a direct competitive immunoassay using peroxidase-cortisol conjugate, detected by adding the chemiluminescent substrate luminol/enhancer/hydrogen peroxide. The smartphone camera is used as light detector, for image acquisition and data handling via a specific application. We 3D-printed simple accessories to adapt the smartphone. The system comprises a cartridge, which houses the LFIA strip, and a smartphone adaptor with a plano-convex lens and a cartridge-insertion slot. This provides a mini-darkbox and aligned optical interface between the camera and the LFIA membrane for acquiring CL signals. The method is simple and fast, with a detection limit of 0.3 ng/mL. It provides quantitative analysis in the range of 0.3-60 ng/mL, which is adequate for detecting salivary cortisol in the clinically accepted range. It could thus find application in the growing area of home-self-diagnostic device technology for clinical biomarker monitoring, overcoming the current difficulties in achieving sensitive and quantitative information with conventional systems taking the advantage of smartphone connectivity and the enhanced performance of the included camera. PMID:25194797

  12. Development of a highly sensitive and selective microplate chemiluminescence enzyme immunoassay for the determination of free thyroxine in human serum.

    PubMed

    Wang, Xu; Chen, Hui; Lin, Jin-Ming; Ying, Xitang

    2007-01-01

    A microplate chemiluminescence enzyme immunoassay (CLEIA) with high sensitivity, selectivity and reproducibility was developed for the determination of free thyroxine (FT4) in human serum. A competitive assay has been utilized with horseradish peroxidase (HRP) labeled thyroxine analog in the chemiluminescence (CL) detection. The CL signal produced by the emission of photons from luminol was directly proportional to the amount of analyte. The linear range was 0.45-7.5 ng dL(-1 )and the detection limit was 0.09 ng dL(-1). Experimental conditions, such as temperature, pH, incubation time, titration level and other relevant variables upon the CL signal have been examined and optimized. A coefficient of variance of less than 16% was obtained for intra- and inter-assay precision. The present method has been successfully applied to the analysis of FT4 in human serum. The positive and negative coincidence ratios are satisfactory. Good correlations were obtained between the results by the proposed method and radioimmunoassay (RIA), as well as a Bayer ACS-180SE detection system. PMID:17505537

  13. The reaction of radicals with Absolute rate coefficientC measurements for T = 295800 K, and quantum chemical study of

    E-print Network

    Nguyen, Minh Tho

    laser photolysis/chemiluminescence (PLP/CL) technique. radicals were generated by excimerC 2 H laser-time using the CH(A 2* ] X 2%) chemiluminescence from the reaction of with excessC 2 H as an ethynyl probe 295È779 K, using a pulsed laser photolysis/ chemiluminescence (PLP/CL) technique, combined with theo

  14. Selective Detection of Neurotransmitters by Fluorescence and Chemiluminescence Imaging

    SciTech Connect

    Ziqiang Wang; Edward S. Yeung

    2001-08-06

    In recent years, luminescence imaging has been widely employed in neurochemical analysis. It has a number of advantages for the study of neuronal and other biological cells: (1) a particular molecular species or cellular constituent can be selectively visualized in the presence of a large excess of other species in a heterogeneous environment; (2) low concentration detection limits can be achieved because of the inherent sensitivity associated with fluorescence and chemiluminescence; (3) low excitation intensities can be used so that long-term observation can be realized while the viability of the specimen is preserved; and (4) excellent spatial resolution can be obtained with the light microscope so subcellular compartments can be identified. With good sensitivity, temporal and spatial resolution, the flux of ions and molecules and the distribution and dynamics of intracellular species can be measured in real time with specific luminescence probes, substrates, or with native fluorescence. A noninvasive detection scheme based on glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) enzymatic assay combined with microscopy was developed to measure the glutamate release in cultured cells from the central nervous system (CNS). The enzyme reaction is very specific and sensitive. The detection limit with CCD imaging is down to {micro}M levels of glutamate with reasonable response time. They also found that chemiluminescence associated with the ATP-dependent reaction between luciferase and luciferin can be used to image ATP at levels down to 10 nM in the millisecond time scale. Similar imaging experiments should be feasible in a broad spectrum of biological systems.

  15. Application of chemiluminescence with FCLA in photodynamic therapy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qin, Yanfang; Xing, Da; Zhong, Xueyun; Zhou, Jing; Luo, Shiming; Chen, Qun

    2005-01-01

    In photodynamic therapy (PDT), a target tissue with pre-administered photosensitizer is exposed to laser light. The photochemical process produces reaction oxygen species (ROS), such as singlet oxygen and superoxide, and leads to ultimate cell death. A direct monitoring of ROS production during PDT, thus, may provide important information in both basic science and clinical practice. A cypridina luciferin analogue (FCLA) is a chemiluminescence (CL) probe that selectively detects singlet oxygen and superoxide. In this study, FCLA was used as an optical reporter of ROS produced by photosensitization reaction of Photofrin in Hanks solution and the CL was measured by a photomultiplier system operated at single photon counting mode. By varying the amount of PDT dosage (photosensitizer dose, light irradiation fluence rate) and the amount of FCLA, the intensity of CL were investigated. The results showed the FCLA concentration affects the ratio of the signal to background CL. The decay time of the photosensitized CL was approximately 10 sec., after the excitation source was turned off. In addition, the intensity of the CL-FCLA increased with increasing concentration of Photofrin and fluence rate. The work supported the potential application of FCLA-chemiluminescence probe as a dosimetric tool for PDT.

  16. STUDY OF INTERFERENCES IN OZONE UV AND CHEMILUMINESCENCE MONITORS

    EPA Science Inventory

    A study was conducted to examine interferences and other measurement anomalies in chemiluminescence and ultraviolet ozone monitors. revious results had shown that there was a positive deviation in the chemiluminescence monitors and no direct interference with ultraviolet monitors...

  17. Low-level chemiluminescent analysis of nondiluted human blood reveals its dynamic system properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Voeikov, Vladimir L.; Novikov, Cyril N.; Vilenskaya, Natalia D.

    1999-01-01

    Lucigenin- and luminol-dependent chemiluminescence [(LC- CL) and (LM-CL)] in nondiluted human blood was studied. LM-CL was low in fresh blood and disappeared after its storage for 3 h, though the respiratory burst (RB) stimulated in blood was followed by high intensity and long- lasting LM-CL. LC-CL was high in fresh blood and was steadily increasing with blood storage. Blood dilution with saline resulted in LC-CL attenuation and LM-CL elevation. LC-CL did not depend on air supply to blood, while LM-CL elevation during RB needed constant blood aeration. The results suggest that besides a well-known mechanism of reactive oxygen species production by neutrophils during RB, another process of electron excited state generation reflected by LC-CL operates in blood. It needs blood integrity for its manifestation and uses oxygen supplied by erythrocytes. Dynamic system properties of blood were revealed also in experiments with blood transfer from one sample to another in the course of RB. Highly nonlinear changes of CL intensity both in a `donor' and in a `recipient' sample resulted in strong differences in CL levels in two samples, one of which was prepared by blood subtraction, and another by blood addition. We suggest that CL data from measurements on nondiluted blood may be informative of integrative properties of blood tissue in addition to its being a measure of some sort of oxidative metabolism in it.

  18. The determination of glutamine with flow-injection chemiluminescence detection and mechanism study.

    PubMed

    Liu, Yan-Ming; Liu, Zhuan-Li; Shi, Yan-Mei; Tian, Wei

    2010-01-01

    The main purpose of this study was to develop an inexpensive, simple, rapid and sensitive chemiluminescence (CL) method for the determination of glutamine (Gln) using a flow-injection (FI) system. Gln was found to strongly inhibit the CL signal of the luminol-H(2)O(2)-CuSO(4) system in Na(2)B(4)O(7) solution. A new FI-CL method was developed for the determination of Gln. Parameters affecting the reproducibility and CL detection were optimized systematically. Under the optimized conditions, the corresponding linear regression equation was established over the range of 5.0 x 10(-7) to 2.5 x 10(-6) mol/L with the detection limit of 1.8 x 10(-8) mol/L. The relative standard deviation was found to be 1.8% for 11 replicate determinations of 1.5 x 10(-6) mol/L Gln. The proposed method has been satisfactorily applied for the determination of Gln in real samples (Marzulene-s granules) with recoveries in the range of 98.7-108.6%. The minimum sampling rate was about 100 samples/h. The possible mechanism of this inhibitory CL was studied by fluorescence spectrophotometer and UV-vis spectrophotometer. PMID:19630088

  19. Using the FL600 Fluorescence Microplate Reader for Chemiluminescence Detection

    E-print Network

    Raizada, Manish N.

    Using the FL600 Fluorescence Microplate Reader for Chemiluminescence Detection What's a lumin anyway? Chemiluminescence is a highly sensitive technique that has been employed in a wide variety microplate reader for "glow" chemiluminescent determinations. Introduction Molecules that release light do so

  20. AIAA 2003-4490 Chemiluminescence Based Sensors for

    E-print Network

    Seitzman, Jerry M.

    AIAA 2003-4490 Chemiluminescence Based Sensors for Turbine Engines T. M. Muruganandam, B. Kim, R of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc. with permission. Chemiluminescence Based Sensors for Turbine Engines T. M for natural gas/methane combustion above 3 atm. Second, chemiluminescence emission from the combustor was used

  1. Chemiluminescence detection of amino acids, peptides, and proteins using tris-2,2 prime -bipyridine ruthenium(III)

    SciTech Connect

    Li He; Cox, K.A.; Danielson, N.D. (Miami Univ., Oxford, OH (United States))

    1990-01-01

    The feasibility of using the tris-2-2{prime}-bipyridine ruthenium(III) chemiluminescent (CL) reaction for the detection of amino acids, peptides, and proteins has been studied. Detection limits of the amino acids as determined by flow injection analysis (FIA) ranged from 20 pmol of proline to 50 nmol of asparagine. In general, amino acids containing secondary amine groups yielded the strongest responses. A reaction mechanism for Ru(bpy){sub 3}{sup 3+} chemiluminescence of aliphatic amines has been proposed. Studies of peptide molecules and poly-prolines showed that the peptide bond barely contributes to the detection signals. The separation of hydroxyproline and proline in synthetic collagen by HPLC with Ru(bpy){sub 3}{sup 3+} chemiluminescence detection has been shown to be possible.

  2. CuO nanosheets-enhanced flow-injection chemiluminescence system for determination of vancomycin in water, pharmaceutical and human serum

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khataee, A. R.; Hasanzadeh, A.; Iranifam, M.; Fathinia, M.; Hanifehpour, Y.; Joo, S. W.

    2014-03-01

    A novel, rapid and sensitive CuO nanosheets (NSs) amplified flow-injection chemiluminescence (CL) system, luminol-H2O2-CuO nanosheets, was developed for determination of the vancomycin hydrochloride for the first time. It was found that vancomycin could efficiently inhibit the CL intensity of luminol-H2O2-CuO nanosheets system in alkaline medium. Under the optimum conditions, the inhibited CL intensity was linearly proportional to the concentration of vancomycin over the ranges of 0.5-18.0 and 18.0-40.0 mg L-1, with a detection limit (3?) of 0.1 mg L-1. The precision was calculated by analyzing samples containing 5.0 mg L-1 vancomycin (n = 11) and the relative standard deviation (RSD) was 2.8%. Also, a high injection throughput of 120 sample h-1 was obtained. The CuO nanosheets were synthesized by a sonochemical method. Also, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analyses were employed to characterize the CuO nanosheets. The method was successfully employed to determine vancomycin hydrochloride in environmental water samples, pharmaceutical formulation and spiked human serum.

  3. Chemiluminescence assay for the detection of biological warfare agents

    SciTech Connect

    Langry, K; Horn, J

    1999-11-05

    A chemiluminescent homogeneous immunoassay and a hand-size multiassay reader are described that could be used for detecting biological materials. The special feature of the assay is that it employs two different antibodies that each bind to a unique epitope on the same antigen. Each group of epitope-specific antibodies has linked to it an enzyme of a proximal-enzyme pair. One enzyme of the pair utilizes a substrate in high concentration to produce a second substrate required by the second enzyme. This new substrate enables the second enzyme to function. The reaction of the second enzyme is configured to produce light. This chemiluminescence is detected with a charge-coupled device (CCD) camera. The proximal pair enzymes must be in close proximity to one another to allow the second enzyme to react with the product of the first enzyme. This only occurs when the enzyme-linked antibodies are attached to the antigen, whether antigen is a single protein with multiple epitopes or the surface of a cell with a variety of different antigens. As a result of their juxtaposition, the enzymes produce light only in the presence of the biological material. A brief description is given as to how this assay could be utilized in a personal bio-agent detector system.

  4. Highly sensitive flow-injection chemiluminescence determination of pyrogallol compounds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kanwal, Shamsa; Fu, Xiaohong; Su, Xingguang

    2009-12-01

    A highly sensitive flow-injection chemiluminescent method for the direct determination of pyrogallol compounds has been developed. Proposed method is based on the enhanced effect of pyrogallol compounds on the chemiluminescence signals of KMnO 4-H 2O 2 system in slightly alkaline medium. Three important pyrogallol compounds, pyrogallic acid, gallic acid and tannic acid, have been detected by this method, and the possible mechanism of the CL reaction is also discussed. The proposed method is simple, convenient, rapid (60 samples h -1), and sensitive, has a linear range of 8 × 10 -10 mol L -1 to 1 × 10 -5 mol L -1, for pyrogallic acid, with a detection limit of 6 × 10 -11 mol L -1, 4 × 10 -8 mol L -1 to 5 × 10 -3 mol L -1 for gallic acid with a detection limit of 9 × 10 -10 mol L -1, and 8 × 10 -8 mol L -1 to 5 × 10 -2 mol L -1 for tannic acid, with a detection limit of 2 × 10 -9 mol L -1, respectively. The relative standard deviation (RSD, n = 15) was 0.8, 1.1 and 1.3% for 5 × 10 -6 mol L -1 pyrogallic acid, gallic acid and tannic acid, respectively. The proposed method was successfully applied to the determination of pyrogallol compounds in tea and coffee samples.

  5. Chemiluminescence Study of the Autoxidation of cis-1,4-Polyisoprene

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mendenhall, G. David; Nathan, Richard A.; Golub, Morton A.

    1978-01-01

    The free-radical mechanism for the autoxidation of cis-1,4-polyisoprene (natural rubber or its synthetic counterpart) has been investigated extensively. An important feature of this mechanism, and indeed also of the autoxidation of hydrocarbons generally, is that it is a chain process propagated by alkyl and peroxy radicals and terminated through bimolecular reactions involving these same radicals. In the usual oxidation situation, that is, at all oxygen pressures greater than a few torr, the alkyl radicals are rapidly converted to peroxy radicals, and the termination step proceeds almost exclusively through the latter radicals. The bimolecular decay of the peroxy radicals is accompanied by a weak emission of light or chemiluminescence. Kinetic evidence is consistent with an electronically excited ketone produced in the termination reaction as the source of the emission. The first observation of chemiluminescence from the oxidative degradation of polymers was reported by Ashby, who dealt mainly with polypropylene but made passing mention of several other polymers. Subsequently, a number of papers have appeared dealing with oxidative chemiluminescence from a variety of polymers. In this paper we report the first detailed study of the chemiluminescence emitted in the autoxidation of cis-1,4-polyisoprene. The chemiluminescence technique is extremely sensitive and can follow rates of oxidation that are too slow to be measured conveniently by other means. This work thus offered the potential of throwing new light on the autoxidation of cis-1,4-polyisoprene, especially in the very early stages or under ambient conditions where conventional spectroscopic procedures are rather insensitive.

  6. Dual-channel cathodic electrochemiluminescence of luminol induced by injection of hot electrons on a niobate semiconductor modified electrode.

    PubMed

    Xu, Huifeng; Ye, Hongzhi; Zhu, Xi; Liang, Shijing; Guo, Longhua; Lin, Zhenyu; Liu, Xianxiang; Chen, Guonan

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, a new niobate semiconductor photocatalyst Sr(0.4)H(1.2)Nb(2)O(6)·H(2)O (HSN) nanoparticle was applied to investigate the cathodic electrochemiluminescent (ECL) behavior of luminol for the first time. The results presented here demonstrated that there were two ECL peaks of luminol at the cathodic potential attributed to immobilization of HSN on the electrode surface. It is implied that HSN can be electrically excited and injected electrons into aqueous electrolytes from this electrode under a quite low potential that only excites luminol. A mechanism for this luminol-ECL system on HSN/GCE has been proposed. Additionally, this HSN/GCE has lots of advantages, such as high stability, good anti-interference ability, simple instrumentation, rapid procedure and ultrasensitive ECL response. It is envisioned that this HSN/GCE has further applications in biosensors. PMID:23162809

  7. Rapid quantitative assessment of phagocytic activity of Indium-111 labeled leukocytes by chemiluminescence

    SciTech Connect

    Juni, J.E.; Petry, N.; Wahl, R.L.; Geatti, O.

    1985-05-01

    Indium-111 labeled leukocyte imaging is gaining widespread acceptance. A rapid method for assaying changes in leukocyte viability and phagocytic function during the labeling process would facilitate the evaluation of new labeling techniques and testing of labeled cells before pt injection. The authors have conducted preliminary investigations of chemiluminescence in the clinical evaluation of leukocyte labeling. The chemiluminescence assay may be performed in 30 minutes with only 0.1 ml of whole blood. Zymossan is rapidly introduced to the blood or cell suspension resulting in the emission of light which is then counted by photometer. The amount of light given off by the reaction reflects both the phagocytic function of the cells and the ability of activated phagocytes to generate activated oxygen species. They have evaluated the chemiluminescent activity of normal human leukocyte suspensions both before and after labeling with Indium-111 oxine. The chemiluminescence assay provides a rapid means of evaluating granulocyte function. Correlations of this activity with image quality may provides clues for optimization of labeling techniques.

  8. Electrogenerated chemiluminescence. 59. Rhenium complexes

    SciTech Connect

    Richter, M.M.; Debad, J.D.; Bard, A.J. [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)] [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States); Striplin, D.R.; Crosby, G.A. [Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA (United States)] [Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA (United States)

    1996-12-15

    Re(L)(CO){sub 3}Cl complexes (where L is 1,10-phenanthroline, 2,2`-bipyridine, or a phenanthroline or bipyridine derivative containing methyl groups) are photoluminescent in fluid solution at room temperature. In acetonitrile solutions, these complexes display one chemically reversible one-electron reduction process and one chemically irreversible oxidation process. {lambda}{sub max} for the luminescence is dependent on the nature of L, and a linear relationship between {lambda}{sub max} and the difference in electrode potentials for oxidation and reduction is evident. Electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL) was observed in acetonitrile solutions of these complexes (Bu{sub 4}NPF{sub 6} as electrolyte) by stepping the potential of a Pt disk working electrode between potentials sufficient to form the radical anionic and cationic species. The relative amount of light produced during the anodic and cathodic pulses was dependent on the potential limits and pulse duration. ECL was also generated in the presence of coreactants, i.e., with tri-n-propylamine upon stepping the potential sufficiently positive to form the deprotonated tri-n-propylamine radical and the cationic rhenium(II) species Re{sup II}(L)(CO){sub 3}Cl{sup +}. When S{sub 2}O{sub 8}{sup 2-} was present in solution, ECL was also observed for all of the complexes upon stepping to potentials sufficient to form (Re{sup I}(L)(CO){sub 3}Cl){sup -} and the strong oxidant SO{sub 4}{sup .-}. 44 refs., 8 figs.

  9. Chemiluminescence determination of folic acid by a flow injection analysis assembly

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wabaidur, Saikh Mohammad; Alam, Seikh Mafiz; Lee, Sang Hak; Alothman, Zeid Abdullah; Eldesoky, Gaber E.

    2013-03-01

    A flow injection (FI) method is reported for the determination of folic acid by chemiluminescence method. This method is based on the reaction of folic acid with Ru(bipy)32+ and Ce(IV) to produce chemiluminescence. The calibration curve was linear over the range of 2.5 × 10-5-3.1 × 10-7 mol/L with a detection limit of 2.3 × 10-8 mol/L (S/N = 3). The relative standard deviation of 1.0 × 10-6 mol/L folic acid was found 3.5% (n = 11). The influences of potential interfering substances were studied. The recovery was higher than 95.3%. The method was accurate, sensitive, and effective for assay of folic acid. This CL method was successfully applied to the determination of folic acid in pharmaceutical preparations. The mechanism of CL reaction was also studied.

  10. Egg-Citing! Isolation of Protoporphyrin IX from Brown Eggshells and Its Detection by Optical Spectroscopy and Chemiluminescence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dean, Michelle L.; Miller, Tyson A.; Bruckner, Christian

    2011-01-01

    A simple and cost-effective laboratory experiment is described that extracts protoporphyrin IX from brown eggshells. The porphyrin is characterized by UV-vis and fluorescence spectroscopy. A chemiluminescence reaction (peroxyoxalate ester fragmentation) is performed that emits light in the UV region. When the porphyrin extract is added as a fluor…

  11. Quenching effect of some heavy metal ions on the fast peroxyoxalate-chemiluminescence of 1-(dansylamidopropyl)-1-aza-4,7,10-trithiacyclododecane as a novel fluorophore

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shamsipur, Mojtaba; Zargoosh, Kiomars; Hosseini, Seyed Morteza; Caltagirone, Claudia; Lippolis, Vito

    2009-09-01

    The fast chemiluminescence (CL) arising from the reaction of bis(2,4,6-trichlorophenyl)oxalate (TCPO) with hydrogen peroxide in the presence of 1-(dansylamidopropyl)-1-aza-4,7,10-trithiacyclododecane ( L) as a novel fluorophore, and imidazole as catalyst, has been studied in ethyl acetate solution. The relationships between the chemiluminescence intensity and concentrations of TCPO, imidazole, hydrogen peroxide and L are reported. In the presence of imidazole as catalyst, the entire CL signal was completed in less than 3 s. The quenching effect of Cu 2+, Pb 2+, Cd 2+, Hg 2+ and Ag + ions on the chemiluminescent system was investigated, the resulting Stern-Volmer plots were obtained and the KQ values were calculated. It was found that the quenching effect of metal ions on the chemiluminescence of L decreases in the order Cu 2+ > Pb 2+ > Cd 2+ > Hg 2+ > Ag +.

  12. Illustrating Chemiluminescence with Siloxene Indicator.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoff, Ray

    1981-01-01

    Discusses the nature of light-producing reactions and provides a procedure for demonstrating chemical luminescence using siloxene indicator. Indicates source of this chemical and safety precautions. (SK)

  13. OPTIMIZED CHEMILUMINESCENCE SYSTEM FOR MEASURING ATMOSPHERIC AMMONIA

    EPA Science Inventory

    The optimization and testing of a continuous measurement system for analyzing atmospheric ammonia concentrations (0 to 10 ppb) is described. The measurement system combines an ultra-sensitive chemiluminescence nitric oxide detector, with a thermal converter for NH3 to nitric oxid...

  14. Stress chemiluminescence: predictive applications to polymer failure

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. H. Richardson; S. B. Monaco; J. D. Breshears; D. C. Johnson; S. M. Lanning; R. J. Morgan

    1981-01-01

    A computer-controlled stress chemiluminescence instrument has been designed and assembled. A LSI-11 microprocessor is used to ramp the stepping motor which applies the stress to the polymer sample. The computer also acquires data from the load cell and the photon counter, and outputs the essential data to either a printer or floppy disk for storage and subsequent manipulation. The stress

  15. A direct chemiluminescence method for the determination of nucleic acids using Ru(phen)32+–Ce(IV) system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H.-Y. Han; Z.-K. He; Yun-E. Zeng

    1999-01-01

    A direct chemiluminescence method for the determination of nucleic acids has been developed based on the enhancement of\\u000a nucleic acids on the chemiluminescence light emission of the reaction between Ru(phen)3\\u000a \\u000a 2+(phen = 1,10-phenanthroline) and Ce(IV). Under the optimum conditions, the calibration graphs are linear in the range of 5.0\\u000a × 10–8–5.0 × 10–5 g\\/mL for calf thymus DNA, 8.0 ×

  16. New method for the photo-chemiluminometric determination of benzoylurea insecticides based on acetonitrile chemiluminescence.

    PubMed

    Gil García, M D; Martínez Galera, M; Santiago Valverde, R

    2007-03-01

    The viability of tandem photochemical reaction-chemiluminescence detection has been studied for the determination of five benzoylurea insecticides, namely, diflubenzuron, triflumuron, hexaflumuron, lufenuron and flufenoxuron. The 'on-line' photochemical reaction of benzoylurea pesticides provides an enhanced chemiluminescence response of the pesticides during their oxidation by potassium hexacyanoferrate(III) and sodium hydroxide, whose signal increases with the percentage of acetonitrile in the reaction medium. The determination was performed using a photoreactor consisting of a PFA (perfluoroalkoxy) tube reactor coil (5 mx1.6-mm O.D. and 0.8-mm I.D.) and an 8-W xenon lamp. As the yield of the photoderivatization process and the chemiluminescent signals depend on the percentage of acetonitrile, the chromatographic column (a Gemini C18, Phenomenex 150 mmx4.6 mm, 5-microm particle size) was chosen with the aim of using high percentages of this organic solvent in the mobile phase. Previous studies showed that the rate of the chemiluminescent reaction was very fast. Therefore, a modification was carried out in the detector in order to mix the analytes and reactants as near as possible to the measure cell. The optimised method was validated with respect to linearity, precision, limits of detection and quantification accuracy. Under the optimised conditions, linear working range extends three orders of magnitude with the relative standard deviation of intra-day precision below 10% and detection limits between 0.012 and 0.18 microg mL-1, according to the compound. The proposed method has been successfully applied to the determination of benzoylureas in cucumber with good results. PMID:17205265

  17. Silver nanoparticle-based chemiluminescence enhancement for the determination of norfloxacin

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Xijuan Yu; Zhenghai Jiang; Qiujin Wang; Yingshu Guo

    2010-01-01

    A chemiluminescence (CL) method is presented for the flow injection determination of norfloxacin (NFLX). It is based on the\\u000a fact that the weak CL of the Ce(IV)-Na2SO3 redox system is strongly enhanced in the presence of silver nanoparticles. UV-visible and fluorescence spectroscopy was carried\\u000a out and showed that the energy of the intermediate SO2*, originating from the reaction of Ce(IV)

  18. A microchip electrophoresis strategy with online labeling and chemiluminescence detection for simultaneous quantification of thiol drugs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yong Huang; Shulin Zhao; Ming Shi; Hong Liang

    2011-01-01

    An integrated microfluidic device with online labeling and chemiluminescence (CL) detection was developed for the simultaneous quantification of thiol drugs. In this device, the online labeling, electrophoresis separation and CL detection were compactly integrated onto a glass\\/poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) hybrid microfluidic chip. CL detection was based on the oxidation reaction of N-(4-aminobutyl)-N-ethylisoluminol (ABEI) and o-phthalaldehyde (OPA) labeled thiol drugs with NaBrO.

  19. Allopurinol administered prior to hepatic ischaemia in the rat prevents chemiluminescence following restoration of circulation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter J. Cohen

    1992-01-01

    Oxygen-derived free radicals produced during reperfusion may be responsible for the disturbed pathology which follows prolonged\\u000a ischaemia. Measurement of hepatic chemilumine-scence (low level light emission resulting from the energy released during chemical\\u000a reactions of free radicals) allowed determination of whether allopurinol could prevent formation of oxygen-derived free radicals\\u000a during reperfusion of the ischaemic liver. While control animals demonstrated a burst

  20. Analysis of microsatellites by direct blotting electrophoresis and chemiluminescence detection.

    PubMed

    Mekus, F; Dörk, T; Deufel, T; Morral, N; Tümmler, B

    1995-10-01

    We describe a fast and reliable method for the nonradioactive analysis of microsatellites. For three dinucleotide repeats within the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene, the separation of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) products generated with biotinylated primers on a direct blotting electrophoresis system and subsequent chemiluminescence detection is shown. In direct blotting electrophoresis, the separation of DNA fragments depended linearly on size. The reproducible resolution allowed reliable assignment of allele lengths to a given signal. The nonradioactive detection protocol was advantageous compared to radioactive methods: samples could be analyzed within one day due to the fast signal development by 3-(4-methoxyspiro[1,2-dioxetane-3,2'-(5'- chloro)tricyclo[3.3.1.1.3,7]decan]-4-yl)phenylphosphate disodium salt (CSPD). Variation of exposure times enabled differentiation between major bands and byproducts of comparable intensity that are due to the slippage of the Taq polymerase during PCR amplification. PMID:8586058

  1. Xanthene dye chemiluminescence for determination of free chlorine in water

    SciTech Connect

    Yamada, M.; Hobo, T.; Suzuki, S.

    1988-10-01

    Preliminary investigations by a batch method are described for aiming at the flow determination of free chlorine in water with novel chemiluminescence (CL) detection. The CL originates from the reaction of xanthene dyes with free chlorine, Cl/sub 2/, HOCl, and OCl/sup -/. Through the measurements of CL decay curves, fundamental CL characteristics were explored from the analytical point of view. Among xanthene dyes tested, eosin Y, eosin B, pyronin B, and rhodamine 6G were found to be promising CL reagents with such sensitivity and selectivity that free chlorine can be readily determined in tap water. In particular, these CL systems have the special advantage of being insensitive to oxo acids of chlorine and chloramine. Recommended flow systems are proposed.

  2. Actinometric measurement of j(O3-O(1D)) using a luminol detector

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bairai, Solomon T.; Stedman, Donald H.

    1992-01-01

    The photolysis frequency of ozone to singlet D oxygen atoms has been measured by means of a chemical actinometer using a luminol based detector. The instrument measures j(O3-O(1D)) with a precision of 10 percent. The data collected in winter and spring of 1991 is in agreement with model predictions and previously measured values. Data from a global solar radiometer can be used to estimate the effects of local cloudiness on j(O3-O(1D)).

  3. A study of common interferences with the forensic luminol test for blood.

    PubMed

    Quickenden, T I; Creamer, J I

    2001-01-01

    A wide range of domestic and industrial substances that might be mistaken for haemoglobin in the forensic luminol test for blood were examined. The substances studied were in the categories of vegetable or fruit pulps and juices; domestic and commercial oils; cleaning agents; an insecticide; and various glues, paints and varnishes. A significant number of substances in each category gave luminescence intensities that were comparable with the intensities of undiluted haemoglobin, when sprayed with the standard forensic solution containing aqueous alkaline luminol and sodium perborate. In these cases the substance could be easily mistaken for blood when the luminol test is used, but in the remaining cases the luminescence intensity was so weak that it is unlikely that a false-positive test would be obtained. In a few cases the brightly emitting substance could be distinguished from blood by a small but detectable shift of the peak emission wavelength. The results indicated that particular care should be taken to avoid interferences when a crime scene is contaminated with parsnip, turnip or horseradish, and when surfaces coated with enamel paint are involved. To a lesser extent, some care should be taken when surfaces covered with terracotta or ceramic tiles, polyurethane varnishes or jute and sisal matting are involved. PMID:11512147

  4. The electrochemiluminescence of luminol on titania nanotubes functionalised indium tin oxide glass for flow injection analysis.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Qun; Xiao, Changbin; Tu, Yifeng

    2015-10-01

    The titania nanotubes (TiNTs) had been immobilised onto the indium tin oxide (ITO) coated glass to intensify the electrochemiluminescence (ECL) of luminol. The morphology, structure and properties such as specific surface area and transmittance of synthesised TiNTs were characterised. The results indicated that the TiNTs was several hundred nanometres in length with the diameter of 20nm. In flow injection analysis (FIA) mode, the TiNTs dramatically enhanced the ECL emission of luminol for about 25 multiple, meanwhile decreased the requirement of buffer pH and exciting potential. The ECL emission of luminol on functionalised ITO electrode has sensitive response toward hydrogen peroxide, and extraordinarily responsive toward the antioxidant. Under the optimal conditions, the ECL emission exhibited a linear response within the concentration range from 0.1mgL(-1) to 30mgL(-1) and an absolute detection limit of 1.65×10(-10)g of resveratrol. The gross antioxidant activity of blueberry and kiwi were determined with satisfactory recoveries. PMID:26078133

  5. Ionization and chemiluminescence during the progressive aeration of methane flames

    SciTech Connect

    Weinberg, Felix; Carleton, Fred [Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom)

    2009-12-15

    Saturation currents and chemiluminescence, especially at the CH{sup *} and C{sub 2}{sup *} wavelengths, are measured for a range of small, laminar methane flames during progressive addition of air, with the principal objective of distinguishing between pure diffusion flames, premixed flames of compositions falling between the upper and lower flammability limits, and the broad range of aerated flames lying in between these regimes. Flame areas defined by the loci of maximum luminosity and by schlieren contours were recorded, so that saturation current densities, CH{sup *} and C{sub 2}{sup *} emission per unit flame area, as well as burning velocities could be deduced. For admixtures of less than 70 vol.%, air appears to act, surprisingly, as an inert diluent as regards saturation currents, so that saturation currents are essentially proportional to fuel flow alone. Much the same applies to chemiluminescence. However, schlieren contours, which were recorded both to provide a basis for burning velocity measurements and to explore density changes in the reactants, indicated the presence of a burner - stabilised propagating reaction zone ahead of the luminous flame surface starting at around 50 vol.% and possibly even at lower air admixtures. This evidence of a steep change in refractive index is indicative of a premixed reaction zone involving the added oxygen, which however generates no chemi-ionization and emits no light. Even photographing the flame by radiation emitted at the CH{sup *} and C{sub 2}{sup *} wavelengths shows no sign of its existence. Its burning velocity is about 10 cm/s, when stabilized by the surrounding diffusion flame. The most plausible rationale for these observations is the formation of syngas by the partial oxidation of methane. The subsequent burning of CO and H{sub 2} is known to occur without chemi-ionization or appreciable light emission. (author)

  6. Confined chemiluminescence detection of nanomolar levels of H2O2 in a paper-plastic disposable microfluidic device using a smartphone.

    PubMed

    Lebiga, Elise; Edwin Fernandez, Renny; Beskok, Ali

    2015-07-13

    We report the design and characterization of a disposable light shielded paper-plastic microfluidic device that can detect nanomolar levels of H2O2 using a smartphone camera and a light sealed accessory. Chemiluminescence reaction of H2O2 with bis(2,4,6-trichlorophenyl)oxalate in the presence of rubrene and imidazole is confined to a paper reaction site where the individual reagents are delivered via plastic microfluidic channels. The net photon emission from the chemiluminescence reactions, detected by using a smartphone, is correlated with H2O2 concentrations. With a total reagent volume of 25 ?L, the sensor system was able to detect H2O2 concentrations as low as 250 nM. The smartphone based chemiluminescence sensing system has great potential as a point of care diagnostic tool for monitoring nanomolar levels of H2O2 in biological samples. PMID:26057240

  7. Electrogenerated chemiluminescence. 58. Ligand-sensitized electrogenerated chemiluminescence in europium labels

    SciTech Connect

    Richter, M.M.; Bard, A.J. [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)] [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)

    1996-08-01

    The electrochemistry and electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL) of a series of europium chelates, cryptates, and mixed-ligand chelate/cryptand complexes were studied. The complexes were of the following general forms: EuL{sub 4}{sup -}, where L = {beta}-diketonate, a bis-chelating ligand (such as dibenzoylmethide), added as salts (A)EuL{sub 4}, where A= tetrabutylammonium ion or piperidinium ion (pipH{sup +}); Eu(crypt){sup 3+}, where crypt = a cryptand ligand, e.g., 4,7,13,16,21-pentaoxa-1,10-diazabicyclo[8,8,5]-tricosa ne; and Eu(crypt)(L){sup 2+} for the mixed-ligand systems. ECL was obtained for the chelates and mixed-ligand systems by reducing the complexes at a Pt electrode in the presence of peroxydisulfate in acetonitrile solutions and was attributed to the electron-transfer reaction between the reduced bound ligands and SO{sub 4}{sup .-}, followed by intramolecular excitation transfer from the excited ligand orbitals to the metal-centered 4f states. No ECL was observed under the same conditions for the europium complexes incorporating only the cryptand ligands in aqueous solution. The ECL spectra matched the photoluminescence spectra with a narrow emission band observed at 612 nm, corresponding to a metal-centered 4f-4f transition. The ECL efficiencies for the ECL-active species were low, about 10{sup -1}-10{sup -4}% of that of the Ru-(bpy){sub 3}{sup 2+}/S{sub 2}O{sub 8}{sup 2-} system under similar conditions. 38 refs., 6 figs., 2 tabs.

  8. Chemiluminescent Nanomicelles for Imaging Hydrogen Peroxide and Self-Therapy in Photodynamic Therapy

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Rui; Zhang, Luzhong; Gao, Jian; Wu, Wei; Hu, Yong; Jiang, Xiqun

    2011-01-01

    Hydrogen peroxide is a signal molecule of the tumor, and its overproduction makes a higher concentration in tumor tissue compared to normal tissue. Based on the fact that peroxalates can make chemiluminescence with a high efficiency in the presence of hydrogen peroxide, we developed nanomicelles composed of peroxalate ester oligomers and fluorescent dyes, called peroxalate nanomicelles (POMs), which could image hydrogen peroxide with high sensitivity and stability. The potential application of the POMs in photodynamic therapy (PDT) for cancer was also investigated. It was found that the PDT-drug-loaded POMs were sensitive to hydrogen peroxide, and the PDT drug could be stimulated by the chemiluminescence from the reaction between POMs and hydrogen peroxide, which carried on a self-therapy of the tumor without the additional laser light resource. PMID:21765637

  9. Hot Electron-Induced Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Johanna Suomi; Sakari Kulmala

    \\u000a In this chapter, we discuss the basics of cathodic hot electron-induced electrogenerated chemiluminescence (HECL). In the\\u000a applications of HECL, we discuss, e.g., the usable electrode materials and their advantages as well as the applicable solution\\u000a conditions in aqueous media. We also summarize the luminophore types excitable by this method and their usability as labels\\u000a in practical bioaffinity assay applications.

  10. Silver nanoparticle enhanced chemiluminescence method for the determination of nitrazepam.

    PubMed

    Han, Suqin; Li, Xia; Wei, Bei

    2014-01-01

    We report on a simple and sensitive chemiluminescence (CL) method to determine nitrazepam. This method is based on the fact that rhodamine 6G (Rh6G) enhanced the weak CL emission of the reaction of hexacyanoferrate with nitrazepam, and that it was further enhanced by silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). The effects of the concentrations of K3Fe(CN)6, Rh6G, AgNPs and NaOH on the CL reaction were investigated. Under the optimum conditions, the CL intensity was proportional to the concentration of nitrazepam in the range from 1.0 nM to 10.0 ?M. The detection limit (3?) was at 0.1 nM. The relative standard deviation was 2.1% (at a 0.1 ?M concentration and for n = 11). The method was successfully applied to the determination of nitrazepam in Coca-Cola beverage, urine and plasma, and the recovery was 98 - 103%. We also considered the possible CL reaction mechanism. PMID:24717660

  11. Characterization of quinone derived protein adducts and their selective identification using redox cycling based chemiluminescence assay.

    PubMed

    Elgawish, Mohamed Saleh; Kishikawa, Naoya; Ohyama, Kaname; Kuroda, Naotaka

    2015-07-17

    The cytotoxic mechanism of many quinones has been correlated to covalent modification of cellular proteins. However, the identification of relevant proteins targets is essential but challenging goals. To better understand the quinones cytotoxic mechanism, human serum albumin (HSA) was incubated in vitro with different concentration of menadione (MQ). In this respect, the initial nucleophilic addition of proteins to quinone converts the conjugates to redox-cycling quinoproteins with altered conformation and secondary structure and extended life span than the short lived, free quinones. The conjugation of MQ with nucleophilic sites likewise, free cysteine as well as ?-amino group of lysine residue of HSA has been found to be in concentration dependent manner. The conventional methods for modified proteins identification in complex mixtures are complicated and time consuming. Herein, we describe a highly selective, sensitive, simple, and fast strategy for quinoproteins identification. The suggested strategy exploited the unique redox-cycling capability of quinoproteins in presence of a reductant, dithiothreitol (DTT), to generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) that gave sufficient chemiluminescence (CL) when mixed with luminol. The CL approach is highly selective and sensitive to detect the quinoproteins in ten-fold molar excess of native proteins without adduct enrichment. The approach was also coupled with gel filtration chromatography (GFC) and used to identify adducts in complex mixture of proteins in vitro as well as in rat plasma after MQ administration. Albumin was identified as the main protein in human and rat plasma forming adduct with MQ. Overall, the identification of quinoproteins will encourage further studies of toxicological impact of quinones on human health. PMID:26044383

  12. Rapid quantification of melamine in milk using competitive 1,1'-oxalyldiimidazole chemiluminescent enzyme immunoassay.

    PubMed

    Choi, JooHee; Kim, Young-Teck; Lee, Ji Hoon

    2010-09-01

    A novel competitive 1,1'-oxalyldiimidazole (ODI) chemiluminescent enzyme immunoassay (CLEIA) was developed as a method for rapid and simple screening of melamine in milk. Fat existing in milk acts as an inhibitor in the competitive binding interaction of melamine and anti-melamine in the presence of melamine-conjugated horseradish peroxidase. Thus, the calibration curve and sensitivity of competitive ODI CLEIA for the quantification of melamine in fat free milk were wider and better than those in milk containing fat. However, a centrifuge is not a good method for removing the inhibitor because a portion of the melamine is also removed with the fat. The incubation time (20 min) for the competitive binding interaction of anti-melamine and melamine in 20% milk diluted with PBS buffer of pH 7.4 was longer than that (10 min) in 100% milk even though the sensitivity of the former was better than latter. The limit of detection (1.12 ppb) determined in rapid ODI CLEIA (dynamic range: 3.8-125 ppb) for the quantification of melamine in 20% milk not containing fat was lower than those (6.3 and 9.0 ppb) calculated in relatively time-consuming luminol CLEIA and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Also, we expect that ODI-CLEIA (dynamic range: 62.5-2000 ppb) capable of directly quantifying melamine in 100% milk without any pretreatment can be applied as a new and simple method for rapid screening of melamine in milk. PMID:20683522

  13. Assessment of antioxidant activity of spray dried extracts of Psidium guajava leaves by DPPH and chemiluminescence inhibition in human neutrophils.

    PubMed

    Fernandes, M R V; Azzolini, A E C S; Martinez, M L L; Souza, C R F; Lucisano-Valim, Y M; Oliveira, W P

    2014-01-01

    This work evaluated the physicochemical properties and antioxidant activity of spray dried extracts (SDE) from Psidium guajava L. leaves. Different drying carriers, namely, maltodextrin, colloidal silicon dioxide, Arabic gum, and ? -cyclodextrin at concentrations of 40 and 80% relative to solids content, were added to drying composition. SDE were characterized through determination of the total phenolic, tannins, and flavonoid content. Antioxidant potential of the SDE was assessed by two assays: cellular test that measures the luminol-enhanced chemiluminescence (LumCL) produced by neutrophils stimulated with phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) and the DPPH radical scavenging (DPPH? method). In both assays the antioxidant activity of the SDE occurred in a concentration-dependent manner and showed no toxicity to the cells. Using the CLlum method, the IC50 ranged from 5.42 to 6.50 µg/mL. The IC50 of the SDE ranged from 7.96 to 8.11 µg/mL using the DPPH(•) method. Psidium guajava SDE presented significant antioxidant activity; thus they show high potential as an active phytopharmaceutical ingredient. Our findings in human neutrophils are pharmacologically relevant since they indicate that P. guajava SDE is a potential antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent in human cells. PMID:24822200

  14. A molecularly imprinted polymer based a lab-on-paper chemiluminescence device for the detection of dichlorvos.

    PubMed

    Liu, Wei; Guo, Yumei; Luo, Jing; Kou, Juan; Zheng, Hongyan; Li, Baoxin; Zhang, Zhujun

    2015-04-15

    In this work, a new molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) based lab-on-paper device with chemiluminescence (CL) detection of dichlorvos (DDV) was designed. With the circle-shaped device, the MIP layer with certain depth was synthesized and adsorbed on the paper surface and DDV can be selectively imprinted on it. The adsorption and washing procedures can be achieved well on the paper-based chip. The paper-based device was fabricated by a simple cutting method and many chips can be made at the same time. On the basis of DDV enhancing CL of luminol-H2O2 greatly, the proposed MIP based lab-on-paper CL device showed better selectivity to DDV and it has been applied to the determination of DDV in vegetables in the range of 3.0 ng/mL-1.0 ?g/mL with the detection limit of 0.8 ng/mL. This study has made a successful attempt in the development of highly selective and sensitive monitoring of DDV in real samples and will provide a new approach for sensitive and specific assay in environmental monitoring. PMID:25659812

  15. Sensitive determination of epinephrine in pharmaceutical preparation by flow injection coupled with chemiluminescence detection and mechanism study.

    PubMed

    Liu, Yanming; Liu, Zhuanli; Shi, Yanmei

    2011-01-01

    A novel, rapid and sensitive method was described for the determination of epinephrine (EP) using flow injection analysis coupled with chemiluminescence (CL) detection, which based on EP enhanced the weak CL emission of luminol-KIO(4) system in NaOH solution. Parameters affecting the CL intensity and reproducibility were optimized systematically. Under the optimized experiment conditions, the net CL intensity was proportional to the concentration of EP in the range of 5.0 × 10(-8) to 1.5 × 10(-6) ?mol/L with a detection limit of 1.9 × 10(-9) ?mol/L. The relative standard deviation (RSD) was found to be 0.7% for 13 replicate determinations of 3.0 × 10(-7) ?mol/L EP. The applicability of the proposed method was illustrated in the determination of EP in pharmaceutical preparation. The recoveries of EP at different levels in EP hydrochloride injection were between 95.4 and 104.7%. One assay procedure takes only 27?s, and the sampling rate was calculated about to be 130 samples/h. The possible mechanism of the enhanced CL intensity was studied by examining CL spectra and UV-vis spectra. PMID:20017128

  16. Ultrasensitive determination of diphacinone by flow injection chemiluminescence: application to quantification in biofluids and photodegradation monitoring in water samples.

    PubMed

    Tan, Xijuan; Song, Zhenghua; Chen, Donghua; Lv, Airu

    2014-01-01

    An ultrasensitive, quick, and simple approach for the determination of pg levels of diphacinone (DPN) by flow injection chemiluminescence (CL) analysis is proposed for the first time. It is based on the quenching effect of DPN on the CL intensity from a luminol-bovine serum albumin (BSA) CL system, for which the CL intensity decrease was linearly proportional to the logarithm of DPN concentration in the range of 5.0 to 5000 pg/mL. The LOD for DPN determination was as low as 2.0 pg/mL (3? a), and the RSD values were less than 5.0%. One determination cycle that included sampling and washing could be performed in 0.5 min with a sample throughput of 120/h under the optimum experimental conditions. This proposed method was successfully applied to determining DPN in human gastric juice and serum samples with recoveries from 91.8 to 114.3%, and to continuous monitoring of the degradation of DPN in water samples exposed to sunlight during 43 h with a variation ratio of 99.99%. The possible interaction behavior of BSA-DPN is briefly discussed. PMID:25632450

  17. Chemiluminescence of ?-lactam antibiotics following oxidation by potassium Superoxide

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jingshun Sun; Stephen G. Schulman; John H. Perrin

    1997-01-01

    The complexes formed by potassium Superoxide (KO2) with 18-crown-6-ether in acetonitrile are stable and extremely strong oxidizers. Eleven different ?-lactam antibiotics were tested for Chemiluminescence (CL) by using such an oxidizer and seven of them gave measurable signals. A linear relationship was obtained between the chemiluminescent peak height and the concentration of penicillin G and dicloxacillin.

  18. Real-time chemiluminescence imaging using nano-lantern probes.

    PubMed

    Arai, Yoshiyuki; Nagai, Takeharu

    2014-01-01

    Chemiluminescence imaging can be performed without excitation light sources at various spatial levels ranging from a single cell to the whole body. Thus far, chemiluminescence imaging has been primarily performed with long exposure times because of weak signals, resulting in low temporal resolution. Recently, the brightest-known chemiluminescent proteins--Nano-lantern and Nano-lantern-based functional indicators--have been developed. Nano-lantern probes break the limitation of temporal resolution and enable chemiluminescence imaging of living samples such as cells, plants, and small animals at video rates. This unit describes one protocol for observation of a freely moving unshaved mouse transplanted with Nano-lantern-expressing tumor cells, and another for compatible use of optogenetic tools and a Nano-lantern calcium indicator. Both protocols utilize the synchronization of illumination and camera acquisition sessions, thereby enabling real-time chemiluminescence imaging. PMID:25445178

  19. Chemiluminescence of BO{sub 2} to map the creation of thermal NO in flames

    SciTech Connect

    Maligne, D. [CORIA CNRS UMR6614, Site Universitaire du Madrillet, BP12, 76801 St Etienne du Rouvray Cedex (France)]|[Renault s.a.s., 1 allee Cornuel, 91510 Lardy (France)]|[IFP, 1 et 4 avenue de Bois-Preau, 92852 Rueil-Malmaison Cedex (France); Cessou, A.; Stepowski, D. [CORIA CNRS UMR6614, Site Universitaire du Madrillet, BP12, 76801 St Etienne du Rouvray Cedex (France)

    2009-02-15

    The aim of this study is to detect and map the local conditions that generate thermal NO in flames. According to the Zeldovich mechanism, the formation of NO comes from the local conjunction of a high concentration of atomic oxygen and a temperature above a critical high level imposed by the high activation energy of the rate-limiting reaction. The green light emitted when a flame is seeded with boron salts is a chemiluminescence from the BO{sup *}{sub 2} that is chemically formed in its excited state when BO reacts with atomic oxygen. As the rate of this oxidation is also strongly increasing with temperature, the chemiluminescence of BO{sub 2} depends on the concentration of atomic oxygen and on the temperature in a way similar to the formation rate of thermal NO. This double analogy suggests the possibility of an experimental in situ simulation of the formation rate of thermal NO or at least the use of the chemiluminescence of BO{sub 2} to map the sites where thermal NO is being created. Spectroscopic experiments and comparisons with numerical simulations have been performed to test the feasibility of this technique in laminar premixed and diffusion methane/air flames. The agreement is good except in the burnt gases of fuel-rich flames. Imaging strategies with different spectral filters have been developed in the same flames to overcome the problem of interference from soot radiation in diffusion flames. (author)

  20. Integrated thin-film polymer/fullerene photodetectors for on-chip microfluidic chemiluminescence detection.

    PubMed

    Wang, Xuhua; Hofmann, Oliver; Das, Rupa; Barrett, Edward M; deMello, Andrew J; deMello, John C; Bradley, Donal D C

    2007-01-01

    We report the use of solution-processed thin-film organic photodiodes for microscale chemiluminescence. The active layer of the photodiodes comprised a 1 : 1 blend by weight of the conjugated polymer poly(3-hexylthiophene) [P3HT] and [6,6]-phenyl-C(61)-butyric acid-methylester [PCBM]--a soluble derivative of C(60). The devices had an active area of 1 mm x 1 mm, and a broad-band response from 350 to 700 nm, with an external quantum efficiency of more than 50% between 450 and 550 nm. The photodiodes have a simple layered structure that permits facile integration with planar chip-based systems. To evaluate the suitability of the organic devices as integrated detectors for microscale chemiluminescence, a peroxyoxalate based chemiluminescence reaction (PO-CL) was monitored within a poly(dimethyl-siloxane) (PDMS) microfluidic device. Quantitation of hydrogen peroxide indicated excellent linearity and yielded a detection limit of 10 microM, comparable with previously reported results using micromachined silicon microfluidic chips with integrated silicon photodiodes. The combination of organic photodiodes with PDMS microfluidic chips offers a means of creating compact, sensitive and potentially low-cost microscale CL devices with wide-ranging applications in chemical and biological analysis and clinical diagnostics. PMID:17180205

  1. Electrogenerated chemiluminescence. 41. Electrogenerated chemiluminescence and chemiluminescence of the Ru(2,2'-bpy)/sub 3//sup 2 +/-S/sub 2/O/sub 8//sup 2 -/ system in acetonitrile-water solutions

    SciTech Connect

    White, H.S.; Bard, A.J.

    1982-12-15

    The electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ecl) produced in acetonitrile-water solutions (1:1 by volume) by the reaction of electrogenerated Ru(bpy)/sub 3//sup +/ with the strongly oxidizing intermediate, SO/sub 4//sup -/., generated during reduction of S/sub 2/O/sub 8//sup 2 -/ is described. The orange luminescence (lambda/sub max/ = 625 nm) corresponds to emission from Ru(bpy)/sub 3//sup 2 +/*. The relative ecl intensity is a function of S/sub 2/O/sub 8//sup 2 -/ concentration, and for a 1 mM Ru(bpy)/sub 3//sup 2 +/ solution the maximum ecl intensity was obtained at 15-20 mM S/sub 2/O/sub 8//sup 2 -/. Slightly higher concentrations (>30 mM S/sub 2/O/sub 8//sup 2 -/) effectively quench light emission because of the Ru(bpy)/sub 3//sup 2 +/*-S/sub 2/O/sub 8//sup 2 -/ reaction. The ecl efficiency (photons produced/electrons consumed) was approx. 5% and was insensitive to dissolved O/sub 2/. A chemiluminescence based on reduction with Mg metal is also described.

  2. Molecular Fluorescence, Phosphorescence, and Chemiluminescence Spectrometry

    SciTech Connect

    Powe, Aleeta [University of Louisville, Louisville; Das, Susmita [Louisiana State University; Lowry, Mark [Lousianna State University; El-Zahab, Bilal [Lousianna State University; Fakayode, Sayo [Winston-Salem State University; Geng, Maxwell [University of Iowa; Baker, Gary A [ORNL; Wang, Lin [Southern Illinois University; McCarroll, Matthew [Southern Illinois University; Patonay, Gabor [Georgia State University, Atlanta; Li, Min [Lousianna State University; Aljarrah, Mohannad [Louisiana State University; Neal, Sharon [University of Delaware; Warner, Isiah M [ORNL

    2010-01-01

    This review covers the 2 year period since our last review (1) from January 2008 through December 2009. A computer search of Chemical Abstracts provided most of the references for this review. A search for documents written in English containing the terms fluorescence or phosphorescence or chemiluminescence published in 2008-2009 resulted in more than 100 000 hits. An initial screening reduced this number to approximately 23 000 publications that were considered for inclusion in this review. Key word searches of this subset provided subtopics of manageable size. Other citations were found through individual searches by the various authors who wrote a particular section of this review.

  3. Self-assembly of organogels via new luminol imide derivatives: diverse nanostructures and substituent chain effect

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Luminol is considered as an efficient sycpstem in electrochemiluminescence (ECL) measurements for the detection of hydrogen peroxide. In this paper, new luminol imide derivatives with different alkyl substituent chains were designed and synthesized. Their gelation behaviors in 26 solvents were tested as novel low molecular mass organic gelators. It was shown that the length and number of alkyl substituent chains linked to a benzene ring in gelators played a crucial role in the gelation behavior of all compounds in various organic solvents. Longer alkyl chains in molecular skeletons in present gelators are favorable for the gelation of organic solvents. Scanning electron microscope and atomic force microscope observations revealed that the gelator molecules self-assemble into different micro/nanoscale aggregates from a dot, flower, belt, rod, and lamella to wrinkle with change of solvents. Spectral studies indicated that there existed different H-bond formations and hydrophobic forces, depending on the alkyl substituent chains in molecular skeletons. The present work may give some insight to the design and characteristic of new versatile soft materials and potential ECL biosensors with special molecular structures. PMID:23758979

  4. Reactive oxygen species scavenging activities in a chemiluminescence model and neuroprotection in rat pheochromocytoma cells by astaxanthin, beta-carotene, and canthaxanthin.

    PubMed

    Chang, Chi-Sen; Chang, Chia-Lin; Lai, Guia-Hung

    2013-08-01

    The objective of this study was to determine chemiluminescence (CL) antioxidant activities and neuroprotective effects of astaxanthin, beta-carotene (?-carotene), and canthaxanthin on undifferentiated rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells. We performed three CL antioxidant assays, and the three carotenoids showed varying degrees of antioxidant activity, with astaxanthin exhibiting the highest antioxidant activity than the other two samples. Results of a pyrogallol-luminol assay revealed ?-carotene to have higher antioxidant activity than canthaxanthin, whereas cupric sulfate-Phen-Vc-hydrogen peroxide (H?O?) assay showed canthaxanthin to have higher antioxidant activity than ?-carotene. Luminol-H?O? assay showed the antioxidant activity series as canthaxanthin > ?-carotene at 62.5-1000 ?g/mL and ?-carotene > canthaxanthin at 1000-4000 ?g/mL. Astaxanthin exhibited partial neuroprotective activity against H?O? and the strongest neuroprotective activity against amyloid beta-peptide(25-35) [(A?)(25-35)]-induced undifferentiated PC12 cell deaths at 0.5-5.0 ?M. Canthaxanthin showed partial neuroprotective activity in A?(25-35)-induced undifferentiated PC12 cell deaths at 1.0-5.0 ?M. Astaxanthin protected undifferentiated PC12 cells from the damaging effects of H?O? and A?(25-35) by the following ways: (1) scavenging superoxide anion radicals, hydroxyl radicals, and H?O?; (2) securing cell viability; (3) suppressing the production of reactive oxygen species; and (4) eliminating calcium ion influx. Our results conclusively show that astaxanthin has the merit as a potential neuron protectant. PMID:23906231

  5. Imaging of DNA sequences with chemiluminescence.

    PubMed Central

    Tizard, R; Cate, R L; Ramachandran, K L; Wysk, M; Voyta, J C; Murphy, O J; Bronstein, I

    1990-01-01

    We have coupled a chemiluminescent detection method that uses an alkaline phosphatase label to the genomic DNA sequencing protocol of Church and Gilbert [Church, G. M. & Gilbert, W. (1984) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 81, 1991-1995]. Images of sequence ladders are obtained on x-ray film with exposure times of less than 30 min, as compared to 40 h required for a similar exposure with a 32P-labeled oligomer. Chemically cleaved DNA from a sequencing gel is transferred to a nylon membrane, and specific sequence ladders are selected by hybridization to DNA oligonucleotides labeled with alkaline phosphatase or with biotin, leading directly or indirectly to deposition of enzyme. If a biotinylated probe is used, an incubation with avidin-alkaline phosphatase conjugate follows. The membrane is soaked in the chemiluminescent substrate (AMPPD) and is exposed to film. Dephosphorylation of AMPPD leads in a two-step pathway to a highly localized emission of visible light. The demonstrated shorter exposure times may improve the efficiency of a serial reprobing strategy such as the multiplex sequencing approach of Church and Kieffer-Higgins [Church, G. M. & Kieffer-Higgins, S. (1988) Science 240, 185-188]. Images PMID:2191292

  6. Smart microplates: photodiode within silicon pyramidal cavity for detecting bead-based chemiluminescence and AC characterization for RFID-type readout

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yoon S. Park; Matthew M. Andringa; D. P. Neikirk; H. S. Hewage; E. V. Anslyn

    2007-01-01

    An improved photodiode integrated into a micromachined silicon pyramidal cavity, a part of an electronic taste chip, for the purpose of detecting bead-based chemiluminescent reactions is presented. In our earlier work [1], we demonstrated the fabrication of such a photodiode using ion implantation; unfortunately, a rather large dark current was observed. Additionally, we have introduced a concept of accessing a

  7. 4-(6,7-Dihydro-5,8-dioxothiazolo[4,5-g]phthalazin-2-yl)benzoic acid N-hydroxysuccinimide ester as a highly sensitive chemiluminescence derivatization reagent for amines in liquid chromatography.

    PubMed

    Yoshida, H; Nakao, R; Matsuo, T; Nohta, H; Yamaguchi, M

    2001-01-12

    4-(6,7-Dihydro-5,8-dioxothiazolo[4,5-g]phthalazin-2-yl)benzoic acid N-hydroxysuccinimide ester was synthesized as a highly sensitive and selective chemiluminescence derivatization reagent for primary and secondary amines in liquid chromatography. Methyl-n-octylamine, n-nonylamine and n-decylamine were used as model compounds to optimize the derivatization, separation and chemiluminescence reaction conditions. This reagent reacts selectively with amines in the presence of triethylamine to give the highly chemiluminescent derivatives, which produce chemiluminescence by reaction with hydrogen peroxide in the presence of potassium hexacyanoferrate(III) in an alkaline medium. The chemiluminescent derivatives of the three amines can be separated within 20 min by reversed-phase liquid chromatography with isocratic elution, followed by chemiluminescence detection. The detection limits (signal-to-noise ratio=3) for primary and secondary amines are at sub-fmol levels for a 20-microl injection. Furthermore, this method was applicable to the determination of amantadine in human plasma. PMID:11217046

  8. The use of the nonradioactive digoxigenin chemiluminescent technology for plant genomic Southern blot hybridization: A comparison with radioactivity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gunther Neuhaus

    1993-01-01

    A nonradioactive labelling and detection method for plant genomic DNA analysis is compared to the radioactive method. The radioisotopes are replaced by a nucleotide, digoxigenin-11-dUTP, and the signal detection is accomplished by the enzymatic reaction of alkaline phosphatase, conjugated to anti-digoxigenin antibodies, with the chemiluminescent substrate AMPPD (3-(2?-spiroadamantane)-4-methoxy-4(3? phosphorytoxy) phenyl-1, 2-dioxetane). The sensitivity of the radioactive and nonradioactive methods are

  9. Differential effects of luminol, nickel, and arsenite on the rejoining of ultraviolet light and alkylation-induced DNA breaks

    SciTech Connect

    Lee-Chen, S.F.; Yu, C.T.; Wu, D.R. [Institute of Zoology, Taipei (Taiwan, Province of China)] [and others

    1994-12-31

    When Chinese hamster ovary cells were treated with ultraviolet (UV) light or methyl methane-sulfonate (MMS), a large number of DNA strand breaks could be detected by alkaline elution. These strand breaks gradually disappeared if the treated cells were allowed to recover in a drug-free medium. The presence of nickel or arsenite during the recovery incubation retarded the disappearance of UV-induced strand breaks, whereas the disappearance of MMS-induced strand breaks was retarded by the presence of arsenite or of luminol, a new inhibit for poly(ADP-ribose) synthetase. Luminol, however, had no apparent effect on the repair of UV-induced DNA strand breaks, and nickel had no effect on the repair of MMS-induced DNA strand breaks. When UV- or MMS-treated cells were incubated in cytosine arabinofuranoside (AraC) plus hydroxyurea (HU), a large amount of low molecular weight DNA was detected by alkaline sucrose sedimentation. The molecular weight of these DNAs increased if the cells were further incubated in a drug-free medium. This rejoining of breaks in cells pretreated with UV plus AraC and HU was inhibited by nickel and by arsenite, but not by luminol. The rejoining of breaks in cells pretreated with MMS plus AraC and HU was inhibited by luminol and by arsenite, but not by nickel. These results suggest that different enzymes may be used in DNA resynthesis and/or ligation during the repairing of UV- and MMS-induced DNA strand breaks, and that nickel, luminol, and arsenite may have differential inhibitory effects on these enzymes. 29 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

  10. Determination of ketotifen by using calcein as chemiluminescence reagent.

    PubMed

    Fei, Nie; Jiuru, Lu

    2007-06-01

    Chemiluminescence (CL) was observed when potassium hexacyanoferrate(III) reacted with the mixture of calcein and ketotifen. Interestingly, the CL intensity would be enhanced by trace amounts of Mg2+ and the CL intensity was strongly dependent on ketotifen concentration. Based on this phenomenon, a flow injection CL method was established for the determination of ketotifen. The possible CL mechanism is proposed based on the kinetic characteristic of the CL reaction, CL spectrum, ultraviolet (UV) spectra and fluorescent spectra. The CL intensity was correlated linearly with concentration of ketotifen over the range of 6.0x10(-9) to 2.0x10(-7) g mL(-1) and the detection limit was 3x10(-9) g mL(-1). The relative standard deviation was 1.8% for 2.0x10(-8) g mL(-1) ketotifen (n=11). This method was applied to the determination of ketotifen in the tablets successfully. PMID:17512822

  11. Measurement of chemiluminescence in freshly drawn human blood

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. Kato; H. Wokalek; E. Schöpf; H. Eggert; M. Ernst; E. Th. Rietschel; H. Fischer

    1981-01-01

    Summary The present investigations were undertaken to find out whether chemiluminescence measurements of stimulated granulocytes can be carried out in freshly drawn blood and — because of the ease of the method — be introduced into routine diagnostics.

  12. Flow injection photoinduced chemiluminescence determination of imazalil in water samples

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Meseguer-Lloret; S. Torres-Cartas; M. C. Gómez-Benito

    2010-01-01

    In this work, a fast, simple and economic method is proposed for the determination of imazalil in water samples by flow injection\\u000a photoinduced chemiluminescence. In this method, imazalil degrades in basic media through the use of a photoreactor, and the\\u000a resulting photofragments react with ferricyanide and generate the direct chemiluminescence signal. To the authors’ knowledge,\\u000a this is the first time

  13. Chemiluminescence during thermal and thermo-oxidative degradation of cellulose

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Matija Strli?; Jana Kolar; Boris Pihlar; Jozef Rychlý; Lyda Matisová-Rychlá

    2000-01-01

    The chemiluminescent phenomena during thermal and thermo-oxidative degradation of cellulosic material and model substances were found to originate in at least three relatively independent processes. The low-temperature chemiluminescent phenomenon typical of samples previously irradiated with an incandescent light source and dependent on both temperature and composition of the surrounding atmosphere during irradiation is attributed to the decay of charge-transfer complexes

  14. Aqueous nitrite ion determination by selective reduction and gas phase nitric oxide chemiluminescence

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dunham, A. J.; Barkley, R. M.; Sievers, R. E.; Clarkson, T. W. (Principal Investigator)

    1995-01-01

    An improved method of flow injection analysis for aqueous nitrite ion exploits the sensitivity and selectivity of the nitric oxide (NO) chemilluminescence detector. Trace analysis of nitrite ion in a small sample (5-160 microL) is accomplished by conversion of nitrite ion to NO by aqueous iodide in acid. The resulting NO is transported to the gas phase through a semipermeable membrane and subsequently detected by monitoring the photoemission of the reaction between NO and ozone (O3). Chemiluminescence detection is selective for measurement of NO, and, since the detection occurs in the gas-phase, neither sample coloration nor turbidity interfere. The detection limit for a 100-microL sample is 0.04 ppb of nitrite ion. The precision at the 10 ppb level is 2% relative standard deviation, and 60-180 samples can be analyzed per hour. Samples of human saliva and food extracts were analyzed; the results from a standard colorimetric measurement are compared with those from the new chemiluminescence method in order to further validate the latter method. A high degree of selectivity is obtained due to the three discriminating steps in the process: (1) the nitrite ion to NO conversion conditions are virtually specific for nitrite ion, (2) only volatile products of the conversion will be swept to the gas phase (avoiding turbidity or color in spectrophotometric methods), and (3) the NO chemiluminescence detector selectively detects the emission from the NO + O3 reaction. The method is free of interferences, offers detection limits of low parts per billion of nitrite ion, and allows the analysis of up to 180 microL-sized samples per hour, with little sample preparation and no chromatographic separation. Much smaller samples can be analyzed by this method than in previously reported batch analysis methods, which typically require 5 mL or more of sample and often need chromatographic separations as well.

  15. Need total sulfur content? Use chemiluminescence

    SciTech Connect

    Kubala, S.W.; Campbell, D.N. [Fluid Data, Inc., Angleton, TX (United States); DiSanzo, F.P. [Mobil Technology Co., Paulsboro, NJ (United States)

    1996-09-01

    Regulations issued by the United States Environmental Protection Agency require petroleum refineries to reduce or control the amount of total sulfur present in their refined products. These legislative requirements have led many refineries to search for online instrumentation that can produce accurate and repeatable total sulfur measurements within allowed levels. Several analytical methods currently exist to measure total sulfur content. They include X-ray fluorescence (XRF), microcoulometry, lead acetate tape, and pyrofluorescence techniques. Sulfur-specific chemiluminescence detection (SSCD) has recently received much attention due to its linearity, selectivity, sensitivity, and equimolar response. However, its use has been largely confined to the area of gas chromatography. This article focuses on the special design considerations and analytical utility of an SSCD system developed to determine total sulfur content in gasoline. The system exhibits excellent linearity and selectivity, the ability to detect low minimum levels, and an equimolar response to various sulfur compounds. 2 figs., 2 tabs.

  16. Chemiluminescent detection of neutral gaseous radicals.

    PubMed

    Grankin, V P; Styrov, V V; Karpov, E G

    2007-10-01

    This paper presents a systematic approach to the development of novel solid-state chemical sensors on the basis of heterogeneous chemiluminescence. The method is applicable for the identification and measurements of concentration of H, O, and other gaseous chemical radicals, where utilization of standard techniques is difficult. The luminescence is invoked during Eley-Rideal recombination of the radicals in question on the surface of the sensor core. A technique is discussed to separate the contributions of Eley-Rideal and Langmuir-Hinshelwood mechanisms, and to select appropriate materials for the sensor emitter fabrication. Typical sensor characteristics include sensitivity of 10(5) cm(-3), working gas pressures of 10(-8) - 10(1) Torr, and measurement time approximately 1 s. PMID:17919045

  17. An introduction to chemiluminescence methods for lubricant oxidation studies. Interim report 19 Mar 81-31 Mar 82

    SciTech Connect

    Clark, D.B.; Weeks, S.J.; Hsu, S.M.

    1982-04-01

    An introductory review of chemiluminescence (CL) techniques describes applications for the study of oxidation of fuels and lubricants. Reviews of chemiluminescence and oxidation are briefly discussed. The mechanism of CL as it applies to complex hydrocarbon systems is discussed. Several steady state and nonsteady state kinetic methods are discussed with respect to the ability of each technique to give useful information about the kinetics and mechanisms of oxidation. Applications of CL techniques for fuels and lubricants, as well as simple hydrocarbon systems, are discussed. The unique properties of CL methods for materials testing (e.g. lubricant oxidation stability) as well as fundamental understanding of chemical oxidation reactions are emphasized. Studies which evaluate petroleum and synthoil products, oxidation inhibitors and metal catalysts are discussed. Instrumentation capabilities are reviewed and critical features of instrumental design are discussed.

  18. Rapid determination of Papaver somniferum alkaloids in process streams using monolithic column high-performance liquid chromatography with chemiluminescence detection.

    PubMed

    Costin, Jason W; Lewis, Simon W; Purcell, Stuart D; Waddell, Lucy R; Francis, Paul S; Barnett, Neil W

    2007-07-30

    We have combined high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) separations using a monolithic column with acidic potassium permanganate and tris(2,2'-bipyridyl)ruthenium(II) chemiluminescence detection in a rapid and highly sensitive method to monitor the process of extracting opiate alkaloids from Papaver somniferum. Due to the high flow rates allowed with the monolithic column and the inherent selectivity of the chemiluminescence reactions, the four predominant alkaloids--morphine, codeine, oripavine and thebaine--were determined in less than 2 min. The results obtained with numerous process samples compared favourable with those of the standard HPLC methodology. Limits of detection were 1x10(-10) M, 5x10(-10) M, 5x10(-10) M and 1x10(-9) M, for morphine, codeine, oripavine and thebaine, respectively. PMID:17658308

  19. Urea Monitor Based on Chemiluminescence and Electrolysis as a Marker for Dialysis Efficiency

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ozaki, Masahiro; Okabayashi, Tohru; Ishimaru, Teppei; Hayashi, Kunihito; Hori, Jun'ya; Yamamoto, Isao; Nakagawa, Masuo

    We have developed a practical urea monitor based on a chemiluminescent (CL) reaction of urea and hypobromous acid produced by electrolysis of sodium bromide (NaBr) for measuring urea concentration in spent dialysate at set intervals. A reagent containing 4×10-2 M hypobromous acid is produced by electrolysis of an electrolyte containing 5.9 M NaBr and 0.2 M sodium hydroxide (NaOH). Chemiluminescence is emitted by injection of spent hemodialysis fluid (0.11 ml) into the reagent, and the CL-intensity is measured by a photomultiplier tube using the photon counting technique. The CL-intensity is proportional to the 0.9th power of the urea concentration between 7×10-4 and 2×10-2 M. The urea monitor can determine the urea concentration in spent dialysate samples collected from the waste line of a dialyzer, and the time for the intermittent measurements including the cleaning cycle of the reaction chamber is 3 min. The urea concentrations measured by the monitor are in close agreement with those measured by the conventional enzyme colorimetric method using urease for the spent dialysate collected during a hemodialysis treatment, and the correlation coefficient is 0.93.

  20. Experimental and theoretical study of the gas phase reaction of ethynyl radical with methane HCBC CH4

    E-print Network

    Nguyen, Minh Tho

    measured for the ®rst time at higher temperatures by a pulsed laser photolysis/chemiluminescence (PLP-time by the CHA2 D 3 X2 P) chemiluminescence produced by their reaction with O2. The rate coecients kHCC CH4

  1. [Chemiluminescence of whole saliva in antioxidant treatment of prosthetic bed tissues].

    PubMed

    Tunian, M Iu; Lalaian, B K; Zakarian, A E; Grigorian, K L; Pogosian, G A; Egiazarian, A V

    2010-03-01

    Inflammatory reaction is always accompanied by increased intensity of free-radical oxidation, especially when the phenomena of hypoxia and microcirculatory disorders that occur during the development of side-effects of acrylic removable dentures. This study determined the effectiveness of adaptogens, antioxidants in the complex treatment of diseases of tissues prosthetic field and their influence on the processes of LPO in whole mixed unstimulated saliva. Formed in the reaction to initiate the process of oxygen radicals (OH, RO, O(2)), initiate the formation of lipid peroxide radicals RO(2) biological substrate, the recombination of which leads to the emergence of unsustainable tetroxids, which decays with the release of light quanta. This luminescence is recorded as an amplified current of the photomultiplier, the registration systems. The results suggest the intensive formation of free radicals and peroxides in diseased tissue prosthetic field. Probably the main reason for increasing free-radical oxidation is the release of peroxidase from the crumbling inflammation, phagocytes (mainly neutrophils). The process of peroxidation contributes to an increase in blood supply to inflamed tissues, leading to local enrichment of oxygen, as well as toxic effects of acrylic bases of partial and complete removable dentures in the prosthetic field of tissue. Effect of antioxidants in combination with traditional treatment in 70 patients with periodontal disease and prosthetic bed was assessed by chemiluminescence analysis of whole mixed unstimulated saliva. The level of lipid peroxidation and chemiluminescence activity exceeded the normal values in the 1,5-2 - twice before the treatment. After treatment with antioxidants, these parameters decreased and increased during remission. Thus, studies to determine the status of saliva chemiluminescence method to treat and monitor the dynamics after treatment of periodontitis tissues supporting teeth prosthetic field in the control group and the main observation, revealed the following pattern: the approach of all the indices to normal in patients with a core group, which corresponded to the clinical dynamic index parameters of periodontal tissues supporting teeth prosthetic field, and a similar core group of the positive dynamics of the intensity values of chemiluminescence-indicators in the control group up to 3 months of observation, with a significant deterioration of the same indicators at a later time dynamic monitoring. PMID:20413812

  2. Forensic Luminol Blood Test for Preventing Cross-contamination in Dentistry: An Evaluation of a Dental School Clinic

    PubMed Central

    Bortoluzzi, Marcelo Carlos; Cadore, Peterson; Gallon, Andrea; Imanishi, Soraia Almeida Watanabe

    2014-01-01

    Background: More than 200 different diseases may be transmitted from exposure to blood in the dental setting. The aim of this study is to identify possible faults in the crosscontamination chain control in a dental school clinic searching for traces of blood in the clinical contact surfaces (CCS) through forensic luminol blood test. Methods: Traces of invisible blood where randomly searched in CCS of one dental school clinic. Results: Forty eight surfaces areas in the CCS were tested and the presence of invisible and remnant blood was identified in 28 (58.3%) items. Conclusions: We suggest that the luminol method is suitable for identifying contamination with invisible blood traces and this method may be a useful tool to prevent cross-contamination in the dental care setting. PMID:25400895

  3. A glow in the dark: synthesis and electropolymerization of a novel chemiluminescent terthienyl system.

    PubMed

    Asil, Demet; Cihaner, Atilla; Onal, Ahmet M

    2009-01-21

    The synthesis and characterization of a unique (electro)chemiluminescent monomer based on a terthienyl system, and its corresponding polymer which is the first example of an electro-active chemiluminescent polymer bearing a pyridazine appendage, are described. PMID:19209311

  4. Real-time instrument for ambient monitoring of hydrogen sulfide, dimethyl sulfide, and other reduced organosulfur species using ozone chemiluminescent detection

    SciTech Connect

    Kelly, T.J.; Phillips, M.F.; Tanner, R.L.; Gaffney, J.S.

    1982-01-01

    The chemiluminescent reactions of H/sup 2/S and other gaseous sulfides with ozone at 298/sup 0/K have been investigated, with the aim of developing a simple, selective, real-time monitor for these naturally emitted compounds. A commercial chemiluminescent ozone monitor has been adapted, for detection of the ozone/sulfide chemiluminescence between 300 and 400 nm wavelenght. Excess ozone was supplied to the reaction chamber from an electrical discharge ozone source. Response to dimethyl sulfide was enhanced by the use of air in the ozone source rather than oxygen. This effect was found to be caused by the presence of oxides of nitrogen produced in the ozonizer; a similar enhancement was not observed for the other sulfide compounds studied. Observed chemiluminescence signal decreased in the order CH/sub 3/SH > CH/sub 3/SCH/sub 3/ > H/sub 2/S > thiophene, with detection limits of 0.1, 0.3, 4, and 12 ppb respectively, at an instrument time constant of 60 sec. Calibration plots were linear at low sulfide concentrations, and showed less-than-first order dependence on sulfide at higher concentrations. A very small signal from ethylene was the only interference found from several compounds tested; sample air humidity has a small but significant effect on the instrument response.

  5. Antioxidant activity of hyaluronic acid investigated by means of chemiluminescence of equine neutrophil bursts and electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy.

    PubMed

    Braga, P C; Dal Sasso, M; Lattuada, N; Greco, V; Sibilia, V; Zucca, E; Stucchi, L; Ferro, E; Ferrucci, F

    2015-02-01

    Activated neutrophils (PMNs), the ROS/RNS released by PMNs and the derived inflammatory processes are involved in the pathogenesis and progression of human inflammatory airway diseases. Similar diseases are also present in horses which suffer from recurrent airway obstruction (RAO), exercise-induced pulmonary haemorrhage (EIPH) and inflammatory airway diseases (IAD). Hyaluronic acid (HA) plays numerous roles in modulating inflammatory processes. The aim of this study was to examine whether a preparation of HA (MW 900 000 Da) interferes with ROS/RNS during the course of equine PMN respiratory bursts, and to establish the lowest concentration at which it still has antioxidant activity by means of luminol-amplified chemiluminescence (LACL). Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy was also used to investigate the direct antiradical activity of HA. The hydroxyl radical was significantly scavenged in a concentration-dependent manner at HA concentrations ranging from 2.5 to 0.16 mg/mL. Superoxide anion, Tempol radical and the ABTS(•+) were significantly inhibited at concentrations ranging from 2.5 to 0.62 mg/mL. The LACL of stimulated equine neutrophils showed that HA induced a statistically significant concentration-effect reduction from 5 mg/mL to 1.25 mg/mL. These findings were confirmed also when l-Arg was added to investigate the inhibition of the resulting peroxynitrite anion. Our findings indicate that, in addition to the human use, HA can also be used to antagonize the oxidative stress generated by free radicals in horses peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). In order to achieve therapeutic concentrations, a direct aerosol administration to horses with horse respiratory diseases can be considered, as this route of application is also recommended in human medicine. PMID:25066541

  6. Polymeric luminol on pre-treated screen-printed electrodes for the design of performant reagentless (bio)sensors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Audrey Sassolas; Loïc J. Blum; Béatrice D. Leca-Bouvier

    2009-01-01

    A performant reagentless electrochemiluminescent (ECL) system for H2O2 detection based on electropolymerized luminol is first presented. In this work, polyluminol is formed under near-neutral conditions onto pre-treated screen-printed electrodes (SPEs). Pre-treatment conditions of the working electrode surface have been optimized so as to obtain the best ECL responses to H2O2 that were increased by a factor as high as 400.

  7. Application of horse-radish peroxidase linked chemiluminescence to determine the production mechanism of Shiga-like toxins by E. coli O157:H7

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tu, Shu-I.; Uknalis, Joseph; Gehring, Andrew; He, Yiping

    2007-09-01

    A sandwiched immunoassay consisting of toxin capture by immunomagnetic beads (IMB) and toxin detection by horseradish peroxidase (HRP) linked chemiluminescence was used to follow the production of Shiga-like toxins (SLT) by E. coli O157:H7. The intensity of luminescence generated by the oxidation of luminol-liked compounds was used to represent the concentration of toxins produced. The time-course of SLT production by E. coli O157:H7 under different conditions was investigated. In pure culture, optimal generation of SLT showed a significant delay than the steady state of cell growth. In mixed cultures of SLT producing E. coli O157:H7 and non-SLT producing E. coli K-12 strain, the production of toxins was substantially decreased. However, the growth of E. coli O157:H7 was not affected by the presence of K-12 strain. This decrease in SLT production was also observed in radiation-sterile ground beef. In regular ground beef that might contain numerous other bacteria, the growth of E. coli O157:H7 in EC media was not significantly affected but the lowered production of SLT was observed. The results showed that mechanism of inducing SLT production was complex with both the growth time and growth environment could influence SLT production. The addition of homo-serine lactone to the growth media enhanced the production of SLT. Thus, possibly cell-cell communication may have a role in SLT production by E. coli O157:H7.

  8. Technical note Synergetic chemiluminescence and label-free dual detection for developing

    E-print Network

    Technical note Synergetic chemiluminescence and label-free dual detection for developing with chemiluminescence. A planar protein array that targets hepatitis B surface antigen is developed. Surface densities and chemiluminescence with the inclusion of secondary antibodies. Binding results using both methods are found

  9. Fourier transform spectroscopy of chemiluminescence from system of SrOq

    E-print Network

    Le Roy, Robert J.

    Fourier transform spectroscopy of chemiluminescence from the A01 P­X1 Rþ system of SrOq Randall H of strontium oxide (SrO) was observed at high spectral resolution by measuring the chemiluminescence from, many of which involved low reso- lution spectra and examined chemiluminescence of me- tal vapour plus

  10. Specific Inhibition of Chemiluminescent Activity by Pathogenic Vibrios in Hemocytes of Two Marine Bivalves

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Specific Inhibition of Chemiluminescent Activity by Pathogenic Vibrios in Hemocytes of Two Marine particles were added to the hemocytes and the chemiluminescent (CL) activity of the cells was measured over; Crassostrea gigas; bacteria; chemiluminescence; hemocytes; respiratory burst; Vibrio sp. INTRODUCTION

  11. Photochemistry and Photobiology. 1996. 63(5): Optically Pumped Chemiluminescence of Indole-3-Acetic Acid

    E-print Network

    Krylov, Sergey

    Photochemistry and Photobiology. 1996. 63(5): Optically Pumped Chemiluminescence of Indole-3-Acetic January 1996 ABSTRACT the main ~ource of al. (4) have ~hown Optically pumped chemiluminescence of indole-3-sen- sitized photooxidation of luminal is a prospective technique for the creation of a new chemiluminescent

  12. Anodic electrogenerated chemiluminescence of quantum dots: size and stabilizer matter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hu, Tao; Li, Tangsong; Yuan, Lang; Liu, Shaoqin; Wang, Zhenlong

    2012-08-01

    The electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL) of semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) is generally believed to be independent of particle sizes or the capping agents used. Herein, we demonstrate that CdTe QDs with different sizes and stabilizers evidently exhibit different ECL behavior in aqueous solution. The ECL of CdTe QDs stabilized by 3-mercaptopropionic acid (MPA) displays two waves at potentials of about +1.17 V and +1.74 V vs. Ag/AgCl, respectively. ECL spectra confirm that the ECL of QDs is attributed to their band gap luminescence, in which the peak positions are changed with QD sizes. The ECL mechanism of CdTe QDs involves superoxide radical generation by reduction of dissolved oxygen at lower potential or water splitting at higher potential. Direct evidence for superoxide radicals in this medium was obtained via electron spin resonance (ESR) experiments. In comparison, the 2-mercaptoethylamine (MEA)-capped CdTe QDs did not exhibit any ECL in air-saturated pH 7.4 PBS. Both ESR and X-ray photon spectroscopy (XPS) experiments revealed that amine groups in MEA-capped QDs were responsible for the absence of ECL. The reaction of an amine group with a superoxide radical leads to the quenching of ECL. The ECL quenching of MPA-capped CdTe QDs was further used to detect melamine. Under the optimum conditions, the inhibited ECL was linear with the logarithm of concentration of melamine within the concentration range of 10-9 to 10-5 M and the detection limit was found to be 6.74 × 10-10 M, which was 100-100 000 times lower than that of the most previous methods.The electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL) of semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) is generally believed to be independent of particle sizes or the capping agents used. Herein, we demonstrate that CdTe QDs with different sizes and stabilizers evidently exhibit different ECL behavior in aqueous solution. The ECL of CdTe QDs stabilized by 3-mercaptopropionic acid (MPA) displays two waves at potentials of about +1.17 V and +1.74 V vs. Ag/AgCl, respectively. ECL spectra confirm that the ECL of QDs is attributed to their band gap luminescence, in which the peak positions are changed with QD sizes. The ECL mechanism of CdTe QDs involves superoxide radical generation by reduction of dissolved oxygen at lower potential or water splitting at higher potential. Direct evidence for superoxide radicals in this medium was obtained via electron spin resonance (ESR) experiments. In comparison, the 2-mercaptoethylamine (MEA)-capped CdTe QDs did not exhibit any ECL in air-saturated pH 7.4 PBS. Both ESR and X-ray photon spectroscopy (XPS) experiments revealed that amine groups in MEA-capped QDs were responsible for the absence of ECL. The reaction of an amine group with a superoxide radical leads to the quenching of ECL. The ECL quenching of MPA-capped CdTe QDs was further used to detect melamine. Under the optimum conditions, the inhibited ECL was linear with the logarithm of concentration of melamine within the concentration range of 10-9 to 10-5 M and the detection limit was found to be 6.74 × 10-10 M, which was 100-100 000 times lower than that of the most previous methods. Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available: Fig. S1-S5 are available. See DOI: 10.1039/c2nr31324c

  13. Enhanced chemiluminescence CdSe quantum dots by histidine and tryptophan

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hosseini, Morteza; Ganjali, Mohammad Reza; Jarrahi, Afsaneh; Vaezi, Zahra; Mizani, Farhang; Faridbod, Farnoush

    2014-11-01

    The enhancing effect of histidine and tryptophan on chemiluminescence (CL) of CdSe quantum dots (QDs)-H2O2 system was studied. This reaction is based on the catalytic effect of amino acids, causing a significant increase in the light emission, as a result of the reaction of quantum dots (QDs) with hydrogen peroxide. In the optimum conditions, this method was satisfactorily described by linear calibration curve in the range of 0.66-35.5 ?M and 0.83-35.1 ?M for histidine and tryptophan, respectively. The effect of various parameters such as concentration of CdSe QDs, concentration of H2O2 and concentration of imidazole on the intensity of CL system were studied. The main experimental advantage of the proposed method is it's selective to two amino acids compared with other amino acids.

  14. Chemiluminescence detection of cannabinoids and related compounds with acidic potassium permanganate.

    PubMed

    Holland, Brendan J; Francis, Paul S; Li, Bingshan; Tsuzuki, Takuya; Adcock, Jacqui L; Barnett, Neil W; Conlan, Xavier A

    2012-01-01

    This is the first report of chemiluminescence from the reaction of cannabinoids with acidic potassium permanganate, which we have applied to the high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) determination of cannabidiol (CBD) in industrial-grade hemp. The intensities of the light-producing reactions with two commercially available cannabinoid standards were compared to that of seven model phenolic analytes. Resorcinol, representing the parent phenolic moiety of the cannabinoid class, was shown to react with the permanganate reagents in a manner more similar to phenol than to its hydroxyphenol positional isomers, pyrocatechol and hydroquinone. Alkyl substituents on the phenolic ring, however, have a considerable impact on emission intensity that is dependent upon the position of the groups and the composition of the permanganate reagent. This analytical approach has potential for the determination of other cannabinoids including ?(9) -tetrahydrocannabinol in drug-grade cannabis. PMID:22461321

  15. Enhanced chemiluminescence CdSe quantum dots by histidine and tryptophan.

    PubMed

    Hosseini, Morteza; Ganjali, Mohammad Reza; Jarrahi, Afsaneh; Vaezi, Zahra; Mizani, Farhang; Faridbod, Farnoush

    2014-11-11

    The enhancing effect of histidine and tryptophan on chemiluminescence (CL) of CdSe quantum dots (QDs)-H2O2 system was studied. This reaction is based on the catalytic effect of amino acids, causing a significant increase in the light emission, as a result of the reaction of quantum dots (QDs) with hydrogen peroxide. In the optimum conditions, this method was satisfactorily described by linear calibration curve in the range of 0.66-35.5 ?M and 0.83-35.1 ?M for histidine and tryptophan, respectively. The effect of various parameters such as concentration of CdSe QDs, concentration of H2O2 and concentration of imidazole on the intensity of CL system were studied. The main experimental advantage of the proposed method is it's selective to two amino acids compared with other amino acids. PMID:24892543

  16. Chemiluminescent enzyme immunoassay for measuring leptin.

    PubMed

    Sekiguchi, Satoshi; Kohno, Hideki; Yasukawa, Kiyoshi; Inouye, Kuniyo

    2011-01-01

    Leptin is one of the representative adipocyte-derived protein hormones. Measuring the serum leptin concentration gives an important index for preventing and treating diabetes mellitus and other diseases. We constructed in this study a chemiluminescent enzyme immunoassay (CLEIA) for measuring leptin by using the anti-leptin polyclonal antibody and alkaline phosphatase (ALP). The method applies the IgG-conjugated ferrite particle to capture leptin in a sample and the ALP-conjugated Fab fragment to detect the captured leptin. We tested Block ace, CE510, and bovine serum albumin (BSA) for their abilities to block non-specific binding of ALP-conjugated anti-leptin Fab to the ferrite particle and found BSA to be the most effective. The measurable range with this ELISA for leptin was 0.1-1.0 pg/mL of leptin and the detection limit (blank+2SD) was 0.1 pg/mL of leptin. These results demonstrate sufficient sensitivity with our system to measure the serum leptin concentration and its clinical usefulness. The results also suggest that a sensitive enzyme immunoassay can be constructed by using only one polyclonal antibody. PMID:21512229

  17. Peritoneal macrophage activation indicated by enhanced chemiluminescence.

    PubMed Central

    Schleupner, C J; Glasgow, L A

    1978-01-01

    A number of studies have demonstrated the ability of various bacterial preparations, protozoa, and chemicals to activate macrophages and concomitantly to enhance host resistance to both tumors and infections. Recently, viral infections have been shown to have a similar effect upon macrophage function. To better define the metabolic state of activated macrophages, we have evaluated the ability of peritoneal cells (PC) from vaccinia virus- or murine cytomegalovirus-infected or Corynebacterium parvum-treated mice to emit chemiluminescence (CL) during phagocytosis of zymosan particles or yeasts. PC from C. parvum-treated mice (1,400 microgram intraperitoneally) emitted enhanced CL over controls on days 3, 6, 14, and 21 after treatment, thereby establishing the emission of CL as a correlate of metabolic activation. Previous evidence for activation of PC from vaccinia virus-infected mice (10(8) plaque-forming units) was confirmed by demonstration of enhanced levels of CL on days 3, 6, and 13 after murine infection. Likewise, PC from mice infected with murine cytomegalovirus (10(5) plaque-forming units) 3, 6, or 13 days previously demonstrated augmented levels of CL over controls. Opsonized virus particles (vaccinia virus or murine cytomegalovirus) failed to induce the emission of CL with PC from mice infected with the isologous virus. Our data further demonstrate the immunomodulationinduced by virus infections and suggest that the detection of CL is an easily quantitated correlate of macrophage activation which may be helpful in defining metabolic alterations induced during activation. PMID:213391

  18. Reaction of barium atoms with N/sub 2/O clusters

    SciTech Connect

    Visticot, J.P.; Mestdagh, J.M.; Alcaraz, C.; Cuvellier, J.; Berlande, J.

    1988-03-01

    The chemiluminescence of the reaction of barium atoms and N/sub 2/O molecules is observed in a crossed molecular beam experiment. The conditions of the molecular N/sub 2/O beam are varied so that this beam contains no, or many large, N/sub 2/O clusters. No additional chemiluminescence occurs when the cluster concentration is increased. The large difference in electronic structure between monomers and polymers, which has been shown by Echt et al. by measurement of electron attachment, suggests that a different reaction channel yielding BaO solvated in a N/sub 2/O cluster is responsible for this absence of chemiluminescence.

  19. Photoluminescence, chemiluminescence and anodic electrochemiluminescence of hydrazide-modified graphene quantum dots

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dong, Yongqiang; Dai, Ruiping; Dong, Tongqing; Chi, Yuwu; Chen, Guonan

    2014-09-01

    Single-layer graphene quantum dots (SGQDs) were refluxed with hydrazine (N2H4) to prepare hydrazide-modified SGQDs (HM-SGQDs). Compared with SGQDs, partial oxygen-containing groups have been removed from HM-SGQDs. At the same time, a lot of hydrazide groups have been introduced into HM-SGQDs. The introduced hydrazide groups provide HM-SGQDs with a new kind of surface state, and give HM-SGQDs unique photoluminescence (PL) properties such as blue-shifted PL emission and a relatively high PL quantum yield. More importantly, the hydrazide-modification made HM-SGQDs have abundant luminol-like units. Accordingly, HM-SGQDs exhibit unique and excellent chemiluminescence (CL) and anodic electrochemiluminescence (ECL). The hydrazide groups of HM-SGQDs can be chemically oxidized by the dissolved oxygen (O2) in alkaline solutions, producing a strong CL signal. The CL intensity is mainly dependent on the pH value and the concentration of O2, implying the potential applications of HM-SGQDs in pH and O2 sensors. The hydrazide groups of HM-SGQDs can also be electrochemically oxidized in alkaline solutions, producing a strong anodic ECL signal. The ECL intensity can be enhanced sensitively by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). The enhanced ECL intensity is proportional to the concentration of H2O2 in a wide range of 3 ?M to 500 ?M. The detection limit of H2O2 was calculated to be about 0.7 ?M. The results suggest the great potential applications of HM-SGQDs in the sensors of H2O2 and bio-molecules that are able to produce H2O2 in the presence of enzymes.Single-layer graphene quantum dots (SGQDs) were refluxed with hydrazine (N2H4) to prepare hydrazide-modified SGQDs (HM-SGQDs). Compared with SGQDs, partial oxygen-containing groups have been removed from HM-SGQDs. At the same time, a lot of hydrazide groups have been introduced into HM-SGQDs. The introduced hydrazide groups provide HM-SGQDs with a new kind of surface state, and give HM-SGQDs unique photoluminescence (PL) properties such as blue-shifted PL emission and a relatively high PL quantum yield. More importantly, the hydrazide-modification made HM-SGQDs have abundant luminol-like units. Accordingly, HM-SGQDs exhibit unique and excellent chemiluminescence (CL) and anodic electrochemiluminescence (ECL). The hydrazide groups of HM-SGQDs can be chemically oxidized by the dissolved oxygen (O2) in alkaline solutions, producing a strong CL signal. The CL intensity is mainly dependent on the pH value and the concentration of O2, implying the potential applications of HM-SGQDs in pH and O2 sensors. The hydrazide groups of HM-SGQDs can also be electrochemically oxidized in alkaline solutions, producing a strong anodic ECL signal. The ECL intensity can be enhanced sensitively by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). The enhanced ECL intensity is proportional to the concentration of H2O2 in a wide range of 3 ?M to 500 ?M. The detection limit of H2O2 was calculated to be about 0.7 ?M. The results suggest the great potential applications of HM-SGQDs in the sensors of H2O2 and bio-molecules that are able to produce H2O2 in the presence of enzymes. Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available: AFM images of SGQDs and HM-SGQDs (Fig. S1), FT-IR spectra of SGQDs and HM-SGQDs (Fig. S2), UV-vis and PL emission spectra of R-SGQDs (Fig. S3), cathodic ECL responses of SGQD, R-SGQDs and HM-SGQDs (Fig. S4), and the pH effect on the anodic ECL responses of HM-SGQDs (Fig. S5). See DOI: 10.1039/c4nr02539c

  20. Feasibility of chemiluminescence as photodynamic therapy dosimetor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qin, Yanfang; Xing, Da; Zhong, Xueyun; Zhou, Jin; Luo, Shiming; Chen, Qun

    2006-09-01

    Photodynamic therapy (PDT) utilizes light energy of a proper wavelength to activate a pre-administered photosensitizer in a target tissue to achieve a localized treatment effect. Current treatment protocol of photodynamic therapy (PDT) is defined by empirical values such as irradiation light fluence, fluence rate and the amount of administered photosensitizer. It is well known that Singlet oxygen is the most important cytotoxic agent responsible for PDT biological effects. An in situ monitoring of singlet oxygen production during PDT would provide a more accurate dosimeter for PDT. The presented study has investigated the feasibility of using Fhioresceinyl Cypridina Luciferin Analog (FCLA), a singlet oxygen specific chemiluminescence (CL) probe, as a dosimetric tool for PDT. Raji lymphoma cell suspensions were sensitized with Photofrin (R) of various concentrations and irradiated with 635 nm laser light at different fluence rates. FCLA-CL from singlet oxygen produced by the treatment was measured, in real time, with a photon multiplier tube (PMT) system, and linked to the cytotoxicity resulting from the treatment. We have observed that the CL intensity of FCLA is dependent on the PDT treatment parameters. After each PDT treatment and CL measurement, the irradiated cells were evaluated by MIT assay for their Viability. The results show that the cell viability is highly related to the accumulated CL. With 10 II quencher, we confirmed that the CL was mainly related to PDT produced 10 II The results suggest that the FCLA-CL system can be an effective means in measuring PDT 1O II production and may provide an alternative dosimetry technique for PDT.

  1. Chemiluminescence. (Latest citations from the Compendex database). Published Search

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-05-01

    The bibliography contains citations concerning several forms of chemiluminescence, including stress-induced, laser-induced, and electrogenerated. Air pollution measurement instrumentation is described, and measurements of hydrogen peroxide, nitric oxide, vinyl chloride, and other atmospheric contaminants are discussed. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

  2. Determination of pentachlorophenol and 1-naphthol by peroxyoxalate chemiluminescence

    SciTech Connect

    Chimeno, J.; von Wandruszka, R. (Univ. of Idaho, Moscow (United States))

    1989-01-01

    Peroxyoxalate chemiluminescence is used for the determination of pentachlorophenol and 1-naphthol in soil. 1-Naphthol is brominated to make it amenable to the procedure. Calibration curves are linear over concentration ranges spanning four orders of magnitude and limits of detection are at the micromolar level. The processes can be carried out in the soil without prior extraction of the analytes.

  3. Studies on water treeing and chemiluminescence on irradiated polyethylene

    SciTech Connect

    Notingher, P.V.; Ciuprina, F.; Radu, I. [Politehnica Univ. of Bucharest (Romania); Jipa, S.; Setnescu, T.; Setnescu, R. [ICPE, Bucharest (Romania); Filippini, J.C.; Gosse, B. [CNRS, Grenoble (France). Lab. d`Electrostatique et de Materiaux; Mihalcea, T. [Univ. of Bucharest (Romania)

    1996-12-31

    The effect of {gamma}-radiations on the growth kinetics of water trees is examined using the CNRS laboratory model in LDPE samples of different origins. The effect of radiations on the material is studied from crosslinking degree measurements, IRTF spectroscopy and chemiluminescence. Correlations between the non-uniformity of the degradation and the growth of water trees are observed.

  4. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE DOCUMENT FOR THE CHEMILUMINESCENCE MEASUREMENT OF NITROGEN DIOXIDE

    EPA Science Inventory

    Gas phase chemiluminescence has been designated as the reference measurement principle for the measurement of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) in the ambient atmosphere. Continuous analyzers based on this measurement principle may be calibrated with NO2 either from the gas phase titration ...

  5. Brain chemiluminescence and oxidative stress in hyperthyroid rats.

    PubMed Central

    Adamo, A M; Llesuy, S F; Pasquini, J M; Boveris, A

    1989-01-01

    Newborn Wistar rats were made hyperthyroid by injection of tri-iodothyronine and assayed for survival, brain oxygen uptake, brain chemiluminescence and activity of antioxidant enzymes. Brain chemiluminescence was measured (1) by removing the parietal bones or (2) through the translucid parietal bones. Control animals showed a brain chemiluminescence of 130 +/- 12 c.p.s./cm2 and 99 +/- 10 c.p.s./cm2 for procedures (1) and (2) respectively. Hyperthyroid rats showed increases in the spontaneous brain photoemission of 46 and 70% compared with controls, measured by procedures 1 and 2 respectively. The hyperthyroid state did not modify the oxygen-dependent chemiluminescence of brain homogenates. The hyperthyroid animals showed a 30% increase in the oxygen uptake of brain slices and a dramatic shortening of life-span to about 16 weeks. Superoxide dismutase (the Cu-Zn enzyme), catalase and Se-dependent glutathione peroxidase activities of brain homogenates were increased by 18, 36 and 30% respectively in the hyperthyroid animals. Isolated brain mitochondria produced 0.18-0.20 nmol of H2O2/min per mg of protein in state 4 in the presence of succinate as substrate. No difference was observed between control and hyperthyroid animals. It is concluded that hyperthyroidism leads to hypermetabolism and oxidative stress in the brain. The increased levels of oxygen and peroxyl radicals may contribute to premature ageing in these animals. PMID:2604697

  6. A micro-chemiluminescence determination of cyanide in whole blood

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jiagen Lv; Zhujun Zhang; Jindong Li; Lirong Luo

    2005-01-01

    A reactant volume self-controlled micro-device was presented and applied to the flow injection chemiluminescence (CL) for determination of cyanide in whole blood. A mini distiller was fabricated for cyanide extraction from the blood samples with the extraction efficiencies of cyanide ?98%. A fluidic control platform with air driving was fabricated. The described system showed the features of easy fabrication, undiluted

  7. Ultraweak chemiluminescence of rice seeds during accelerated aging

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Wenli; Xing, Da; He, Yonghong

    2002-04-01

    Ultraweak Chemiluminescence (UCL) studies of different aging degree of rice (Oryza sativa L.) seeds stored in a high temperature 40 degree(s)C and high relative humidity 90% environment (0 day, 8 days, 15 days, and 22 days) were carried out. We firstly observed that aging degree of rice seeds was positive correlation with ultraweak chemiluminescence during the early imbibition (0-1h). Addition of water to rice seeds stimulates ultraweak chemiluminescence, the intensity of which depends upon aging degree of seeds. The shorter the seed accelerated aging time was, the higher the intensity of the UCL in the early imbibition period, the lower hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) concentration of rice seeds, the higher percentage seed germination. The germination and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity of dry rice seeds was obvious positive correlation with the intensity of UCL. While catalase (CAT) activity of rice seeds was determined. Mechanism of ultraweak chemiluminescence was discussed. It was concluded that the store time of rice seeds could be judged from their UCL characters during the early imbibition period, which might be a way to examine vigor of seeds.

  8. Flow injection photoinduced chemiluminescence determination of imazalil in water samples.

    PubMed

    Meseguer-Lloret, S; Torres-Cartas, S; Gómez-Benito, M C

    2010-12-01

    In this work, a fast, simple and economic method is proposed for the determination of imazalil in water samples by flow injection photoinduced chemiluminescence. In this method, imazalil degrades in basic media through the use of a photoreactor, and the resulting photofragments react with ferricyanide and generate the direct chemiluminescence signal. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first time that a chemiluminescence method has been proposed for the determination of this fungicide. All physical and chemical parameters in the flow injection chemiluminescence system were optimized in the experimental setting. In the absence of preconcentration, the linear dynamic range for imazalil was 0.75-5 mg L(-1) and the detection limit was 0.171 mg L(-1). The application of solid-phase extraction with C18 cartridges allowed the elimination of interference ions, the reduction of the linear dynamic range to 15-100 ?g L(-1), and a detection limit of 3.4 ?g L(-1). This detection limit is below the maximum concentration level established by the Regulations of the Hydraulic Public Domain for pesticide dumping. The sample throughput after solid-phase extraction of the analyte was 12 samples h(-1). The intraday and interday coefficients of variation were below 9.9% in all cases. This method was applied to the analysis of environmental water samples, and recoveries of between 95.7 and 110% were obtained. PMID:20890748

  9. Real-time monitoring of single bacterium lysis and leakage events by chemiluminescence microscopy.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Yun; Phillips, Gregory J; Yeung, Edward S

    2007-07-15

    The small size of bacteria makes it difficult to study the biochemistry inside single cells. The amount of material inside is limited; therefore, an ultrasensitive method is required to interrogate single cells. Using a sensitive ICCD detector to record chemiluminescence (CL) from an optimized firefly luciferase-ATP bioluminescence reaction system, we report for the first time real-time imaging of lysis and leakage of single bacterium with 10-s temporal resolution. Movies are generated to visualize how the cell membrane was damaged by phage lysis, antibiotics attack, or dehydration, as well as the wall repair and cell recovery processes. The results show single-cell variations that are not obtainable from bulk measurements, confirming that CL microscopy of luciferase-expressing bacteria is a powerful tool for studying the fundamental biology of cells. PMID:17550231

  10. Electrogenerated chemiluminescence behavior of peptide nanovesicle and its application in sensing dopamine.

    PubMed

    Huang, Chunxiu; Chen, Xu; Lu, Yanluo; Yang, Hui; Yang, Wensheng

    2015-01-15

    The electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL) behavior of the bioinspired peptide nanovesicles (PNVs) was reported for the first time. The PNVs modified glassy carbon electrodes have shown a stable and efficient cathodic ECL signal with K2S2O8 as coreactant in aqueous solution. The possible ECL reaction mechanism was proposed. Dopamine (DA) was chosen as a model analyte to study the potential of the PNVs in the ECL analytical application. It was found that the ECL intensity of the PNVs was effectively increased by trace amounts of DA. The limit of detection was estimated to be 3.15 pM (S/N=3). These results suggest that the PNVs could be a new class of promising materials for the ECL design and bioassays in the future due to their fascinating features, such as excellent biocompatibility, tunable composition as well as capability of molecular recognition. PMID:25129510

  11. Enhanced chemiluminescence of cerium(IV)-Tween 85 system and the analytical application.

    PubMed

    Li, Shifeng; Qian, Li; Zhu, Yan; Liu, Manman; Gao, Yinping; Ni, Yonghong

    2013-01-01

    The oxidation reaction between cerium(IV) and Tween 85 in sulfuric acid medium produced weak chemiluminescence (CL). In this paper, it was found that citrate could strongly enhance the CL of cerium(IV)-Tween 85-polyphenol system. Based on studies of ultraviolet-visible spectra and CL spectra, the CL enhancement mechanism had been proposed. It was surmised that the light emission was from an excited oxygen molecular pair O2((1)?g)O2((1)?g(-)). The maximum emission wavelength was about 478 nm. The effects of 17 amino acids and 29 organic compounds on cerium(IV)-Tween 85-citrate CL were investigated by a flow injection procedure. This study showed the present system had a wide application for the determination of these compounds. PMID:23281191

  12. Determination of spectrum and different temperature of spontaneous chemiluminescence in rice seeds during early imbibition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, WenLi; Xing, Da; Van Wijk, Roeland

    2005-02-01

    With high-sensitivity single-photon counter, spontaneous chemiluminescence (CL) spectrum and different temperature study on rice (Oryza sativa L.) seeds during early imbibition were carried out. The emission spectrum of whole rice seed, rice and coat had a greater proportion of red light during early imbibition. Comparing with spontaneous CL of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) and soybean (Glycine max L. Merr) seeds, the spontaneous CL of rice seeds had a nonlinear, logarithmic-like increase of intensity in the T range 30-50°C, the Van't Hoff coefficient Q10=IT+10/IT is equal to 2, which led us to the conclusion that spontaneous CL of rice seed during early imbibition partly came from enzyme catalyzing chemistry reaction.

  13. Chemiluminescence lateral flow immunoassay based on Pt nanoparticle with peroxidase activity.

    PubMed

    Park, Jong-Min; Jung, Ha-Wook; Chang, Young Wook; Kim, Hyung-Seok; Kang, Min-Jung; Pyun, Jae-Chul

    2015-01-01

    A lateral flow immunoassay (LF-immunoassay) with an enhanced sensitivity and thermostability was developed by using Pt nanoparticles with a peroxidase activity. The Pt nanoparticles were synthesized by citrate reduction method, and the peroxidase activity of Pt nanoparticles was optimized by adjusting reaction conditions. The peroxidase activity was estimated by using Michaelis-Menten kinetics model with TMB as a chromogenic substrate. The kinetics parameters of KM and Vmax were calculated and compared with horseradish peroxidase (HRP). The thermal stability of the Pt nanoparticles was compared with horseradish peroxidase (HRP) according to the storage temperature and long-term storage period. The feasibility of lateral flow immunoassay with a chemiluminescent signal band was demonstrated by the detection of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) as a model analyte, and the sensitivity was determined to be improved by as much as 1000-fold compared to the conventional rapid test based on colored gold-colloids. PMID:25467480

  14. Peroxyoxalate chemiluminescence enhanced by oligophenylenevinylene fluorophores in the presence of various surfactants.

    PubMed

    Motoyoshiya, Jiro; Takigawa, Setsuko

    2014-11-01

    The effect of several surfactants on peroxyoxalate chemiluminescence (PO-CL) using oligophenylenevinylene fluorophores was investigated. Among several oligophenylenevinylenes consisting of stilbene units, linearly conjugated ones, such as distyrylbenzene and distyrylstilbene, effectively enhanced PO-CL efficiency. Various effects of anionic, cationic, amphoteric and non-ionic surfactants on the CL efficiency of PO-CL were determined using three oxalates and the distyrylbenzene fluorophore. Anionic and non-ionic surfactants effectively enhanced CL efficiency, in contrast to the negative effect of cationic and amphoteric surfactants. Non-ionic surfactants were also effective in CL reactions of oxalates bearing dodecyl ester groups by the hydrophobic interaction between their alkyl chains. Considering these results, the surfactants not only increase the concentrations of water-insoluble interacting species in the hydrophobic micelle cores, but also control rapid degradation of the oxalates by alkaline hydrolysis. PMID:24425305

  15. Magnetic beads-based chemiluminescent assay for ultrasensitive detection of pseudorabies virus.

    PubMed

    Yang, Haowen; Guo, Yafen; Li, Song; Lan, Ganqiu; Jiang, Qinyang; Yang, Xiurong; Fan, Jing; Ali, Zeeshan; Tang, Yongjun; Mou, Xianbo; Liu, Hongna; Shah, Muhammad Ali A; Jin, Si; Jiang, Hesheng; Li, Zhiyang

    2014-05-01

    A rapid, ultrasensitive and economical Pseudorabies virus (PRV) detection system based on magnetic beads (MBs) and chemiluminescence was developed in this paper. The carboxyl functionalized MBs (MBs-COOH) were covalently coupled with aminated DNA probes for capturing PRV biotinylated amplicon, the product of polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Agarose gel electrophoresis analysis approved the reliability of biotinylated amplicon. The MBs composites were incubated with alkaline phosphatase labeled streptavidin (ALP-SA) and chemiluminescene was determined by subsequently adding 3-(2'-spiroadamantane)-4-methoxy-4-(3"-phosphoryloxy)phenyl-1,2-dioxetane (AMPPD). The optimal conditions of the PRV detection method were 10 microM for probe concentration, 50 degrees C for hybridization temperature and 30 min for hybridization time. The limit of detection (LOD) was as low as 100 amol/5 pM of amplicon which proved that this approach for PRV detection was ultrasensitive. PMID:24734549

  16. Numerical evaluation of equivalence ratio measurement using OH{sup *} and CH{sup *} chemiluminescence in premixed and non-premixed methane-air flames

    SciTech Connect

    Panoutsos, C.S.; Hardalupas, Y.; Taylor, A.M.K.P. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Imperial College London, Exhibition Road, London SW7 2BX (United Kingdom)

    2009-02-15

    This work presents results from detailed chemical kinetics calculations of electronically excited OH (A{sup 2}{sigma}, denoted as OH{sup *}) and CH (A{sup 2}{delta}, denoted as CH{sup *}) chemiluminescent species in laminar premixed and non-premixed counterflow methane-air flames, at atmospheric pressure. Eight different detailed chemistry mechanisms, with added elementary reactions that account for the formation and destruction of the chemiluminescent species OH{sup *} and CH{sup *}, are studied. The effects of flow strain rate and equivalence ratio on the chemiluminescent intensities of OH{sup *}, CH{sup *} and their ratio are studied and the results are compared to chemiluminescent intensity ratio measurements from premixed laminar counterflow natural gas-air flames. This is done in order to numerically evaluate the measurement of equivalence ratio using OH{sup *} and CH{sup *} chemiluminescence, an experimental practise that is used in the literature. The calculations reproduced the experimental observation that there is no effect of strain rate on the chemiluminescent intensity ratio of OH{sup *} to CH{sup *}, and that the ratio is a monotonic function of equivalence ratio. In contrast, the strain rate was found to have an effect on both the OH{sup *} and CH{sup *} intensities, in agreement with experiment. The calculated OH{sup *}/CH{sup *} values showed that only five out of the eight mechanisms studied were within the same order of magnitude with the experimental data. A new mechanism, proposed in this work, gave results that agreed with experiment within 30%. It was found that the location of maximum emitted intensity from the excited species OH{sup *} and CH{sup *} was displaced by less than 65 and 115 {mu}m, respectively, away from the maximum of the heat release rate, in agreement with experiments, which is small relative to the spatial resolution of experimental methods applied to combustion applications, and, therefore, it is expected that intensity from the OH{sup *} and CH{sup *} excited radicals can be used to identify the location of the reaction zone. Calculations of the OH{sup *}/CH{sup *} intensity ratio for strained non-premixed counterflow methane-air flames showed that the intensity ratio takes different values from those for premixed flames, and therefore has the potential to be used as a criterion to distinguish between premixed and non-premixed reaction in turbulent flames. (author)

  17. Electrogenerated chemiluminescence of isoluminol and acridinium esters in flow injection analysis and HPLC. [HPLC (high-performance liquid chromatography)

    SciTech Connect

    Littig, J.H.

    1992-01-01

    Electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL) is the process in which electrochemically generated reactants undergo high energy electron transfer reactions in solution to generate excited state molecules which relax to the ground state with emission of light. This research focused on the study and application of the electrogenerated chemiluminescence reactions of isoluminol and acridinium esters. Initial research involved the ECL reaction of an isoluminol derivative, 4-isothiocyanatophythalhydrazide (ILITC). The derivative was synthesized and characterized prior to use as a label for amino acid determination. Chromatographic separation of ILITC-amino acids preceded the ECL detection. A drastic reduction in ECL efficiency was observed upon coupling of ILITC to the amino acid analytes. Experiments suggested that although an ILITC-amino acid coupling reaction occurs, the resultant product has lost CL activity. Additional studies illustrated a correlation between CL activity and the conditions used to couple ILITC to the analyte. In spite of difficulties associated with loss of CL activity, the ECL determination of ILITC-amino acids (1 nmol) and the feasibility of on-line analyte derivatization were demonstrated. The ECL reaction of acridinium esters was studied and shown to proceed via the electrochemical generation of hydrogen peroxide. In further fundamental studies of the acridinium ester decomposition reactions, kinetic parameters associated with this decay were determined and applied in a model for pH optimization. The use of ECL for the determination of acridinium ester-labeled species was demonstrated via the successful quantitation (to 50 fmol) of lysine labeled with a hydroxysuccinimide acridinium ester. Instrumental configurations for use of ECL detection in immunoassay were validated; however, loss of ECL signal in the presence of BSA and human TSH antibodies hindered application of acridinium ester ECL detection to model immunoassay reactions.

  18. Detection of lanthanides and actinides in solutions based on laser-induced luminescence and chemiluminescence

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Izosimov, I. N.; Firsin, N. G.; Gorshkov, N. G.; Nekhoroshkov, S. N.

    2014-06-01

    This work is devoted to applications of the time-resolved laser- induced luminescence spectroscopy and time-resolved laser-induced chemiluminescence spectroscopy for detection of lanthanides and actinides. The limit of detection (LOD) of some lanthanides and actinides in solutions by the time-resolved laser luminescence spectroscopy is up to 10-13 mole/liter. Unfortunately, Pu, Np, and some U compounds do not produce luminescence in solutions, but when excited by laser radiation, they can induce chemiluminescence. The characteristics of chemiluminescence induced by excited lanthanide and actinide complexes in solutions are considered. A key problem of chemiluminescence application for lanthanide and actinide detection in solutions is the increase of the detection selectivity. This problem can be solved by using the multistep schemes of chemiluminescence excitation. It is shown that the time-resolved luminescence laser spectroscopy and chemiluminescence laser spectroscopy can be successfully used for detection of lanthanides and actinides in solutions.

  19. Chemiluminescence flow sensor with immobilized reagent for the determination of pyrogallol based on potassium hexacyanoferrate(III) oxidation.

    PubMed

    Chen, Jianchun; Bai, Jun

    2008-12-01

    A novel chemiluminescence (CL) flow-through sensor for the determination of pyrogallol has been developed. The method is based on the reaction between pyrogallol and potassium hexacyanoferrate(III) in sodium hydroxide solution. Potassium hexacyanoferrate(III) involved in the CL reaction was electrostatically immobilized on anion-exchange resin packed in a column. Pyrogallol was sensed by the CL reaction between pyrogallol and potassium hexacyanoferrate(III) which was eluted from the ion-exchange column through sodium phosphate injection. The CL emission allows quantitation of pyrogallol concentration in the range 0.01-3.8 microg/mL with a detection limit (3 sigma) of 0.003 microg/mL and a sample throughput of 118 h(-1). The relative standard deviation (n=7) was 2.2% for 0.2 microg/mL of pyrogallol. The influence of foreign compounds was tested. PMID:18373950

  20. Chemiluminescence flow sensor with immobilized reagent for the determination of pyrogallol based on potassium hexacyanoferrate(III) oxidation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Jianchun; Bai, Jun

    2008-12-01

    A novel chemiluminescence (CL) flow-through sensor for the determination of pyrogallol has been developed. The method is based on the reaction between pyrogallol and potassium hexacyanoferrate(III) in sodium hydroxide solution. Potassium hexacyanoferrate(III) involved in the CL reaction was electrostatically immobilized on anion-exchange resin packed in a column. Pyrogallol was sensed by the CL reaction between pyrogallol and potassium hexacyanoferrate(III) which was eluted from the ion-exchange column through sodium phosphate injection. The CL emission allows quantitation of pyrogallol concentration in the range 0.01-3.8 ?g/mL with a detection limit (3 ?) of 0.003 ?g/mL and a sample throughput of 118 h -1. The relative standard deviation ( n = 7) was 2.2% for 0.2 ?g/mL of pyrogallol. The influence of foreign compounds was tested.

  1. A new chemiluminescence-based sensor for discriminating and determining constituents in mixed gases

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Masuo Nakagawa

    1995-01-01

    Chemiluminescence (CL) is observed during the catalytic oxidation of various combustible vapours on layer of aluminium oxide (?-Al2O3) powder in air. A new chemiluminescence-based sensor has been prepared applying this phenomenon. The working mechanisms of the sensor is based on the production of chemiluminescent species, e.g., formaldehyde and carbon, as intermediate species of catalytic oxidation of the vapours. Three methods

  2. The molecular dynamics of atmospheric reaction

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Polanyi, J. C.

    1971-01-01

    Detailed information about the chemistry of the upper atmosphere took the form of quantitative data concerning the rate of reaction into specified states of product vibration, rotation and translation for exothermic reaction, as well as concerning the rate of reaction from specified states of reagent vibration, rotation and translation for endothermic reaction. The techniques used were variants on the infrared chemiluminescence method. Emphasis was placed on reactions that formed, and that removed, vibrationally-excited hydroxyl radicals. Fundamental studies were also performed on exothermic reactions involving hydrogen halides.

  3. Crystallochemiluminescence of solutions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gus'kov, A. P.; Nekrasova, L. P.; Gornakova, A. S.; Shikunova, I. A.

    2014-09-01

    It is shown that the chemiluminescence intensity from luminol solutions reaches a maximum when the latter are crystallized. This phenomenon is explained by the complex dynamics of the phase transition, chemical reactions, and degradation of electronic excitation energy. Luminescence of new type, called crystallochemiluminescence, is revealed.

  4. An ultrasensitive luminol cathodic electrochemiluminescence immunosensor based on glucose oxidase and nanocomposites: graphene-carbon nanotubes and gold-platinum alloy.

    PubMed

    Jiang, Xinya; Chai, Yaqin; Yuan, Ruo; Cao, Yaling; Chen, Yingfeng; Wang, Haijun; Gan, Xianxue

    2013-06-14

    In the present study, a novel and ultrasensitive electrochemiluminescence (ECL) immunosensor based on luminol cathodic ECL was fabricated by using Au nanoparticles and Pt nanoparticles (nano-AuPt) electrodeposited on graphene-carbon nanotubes nanocomposite as platform for the detection of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA). For this introduced immunosensor, graphene (GR) and single wall carbon nanotubes (CNTs) dispersed in chitosan (Chi-GR-CNTs) were firstly decorated on the bare gold electrode (GE) surface. Then nano-AuPt were electrodeposited (DpAu-Pt) on the Chi-GR-CNTs modified electrode. Subsequently, glucose oxidase (GOD) was employed to block the non-specific sites of electrode surface. When glucose was present in the working buffer solution, GOD immediately catalyzed the oxidation of glucose to in situ generate hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), which could subsequently promote the oxidation of luminol with an amplified cathodic ECL signal. The proposed immunosensor was performed at low potential (-0.1 to 0.4V) and low concentration of luminol. The CEA was determined in the range of 0.1 pg mL(-1) to 40 ng mL(-1) with a limit of detection down to 0.03 pg mL(-1) (SN(-1)=3). Moreover, with excellent sensitivity, selectivity, stability and simplicity, the as-proposed luminol-based ECL immunosensor provided great potential in clinical applications. PMID:23726099

  5. Electrochemiluminescence immunosensor based on multifunctional luminol-capped AuNPs@Fe3O4 nanocomposite for the detection of mucin-1.

    PubMed

    Wang, Jing-Xi; Zhuo, Ying; Zhou, Ying; Yuan, Ruo; Chai, Ya-Qin

    2015-09-15

    In this work, a novel and multifunctional nanocomposite of luminol capped gold modified Fe3O4 (Lu-AuNPs@Fe3O4) was utilized as the carrier of secondary antibody (Ab2) to fabricate a sandwiched electrochemiluminescence (ECL) immunosensor for ultrasensitive detection of mucin-1 (MUC1). Herein, the luminol capped gold nanoparticles (Lu-AuNPs) were synthesized with HAuCl4 and luminol by the help of NaBH4 at room temperature, and then Lu-AuNPs were adsorbed on the Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) to form the nanocomposite of Lu-AuNPs@Fe3O4 via electrostatic interaction. Fe3O4 MNPs in Lu-AuNPs@Fe3O4 exhibited excellent conductivity and admirable catalytic activity in H2O2 decomposition, which could enhance the ECL efficiency of luminol-H2O2 system. In addition, the substrates of gold coated ZnO nanoparticles (AuNPs@ZnO), providing large specific surface areas for primary antibody (Ab1) capturing, were modified on the electrode. As a result, a wide linear range of 7 orders of magnitude from 10fg/mL to 10ng/mL was obtained with an ultralow detection limit of 4.5fg/mL for MUC1. PMID:25950936

  6. Effects of eugenol on polymorphonuclear cell migration and chemiluminescence.

    PubMed

    Fotos, P G; Woolverton, C J; Van Dyke, K; Powell, R L

    1987-03-01

    In this study, the effects of eugenol on human polymorphonuclear (PMN) cell migration and chemiluminescence were examined in vitro. Utilizing zymosan-activated serum or crude Bacteroides sonicate fractions as chemotractants, we found that eugenol inhibits PMN migration at 6.6 X 10(-2) to 6.6 X 10(-5) mol/L (P less than 0.05). Also, similar effects were observed in PMNs pre-incubated in eugenol. Regardless of concentration, eugenol was not found to induce chemotaxis of PMNs. An examination of PMN membrane activation through chemiluminescence gave results consistent with the chemotaxis data, demonstrating a decrease in light emission at concentrations as low as 6.6 X 10(-6) mol/L (P less than 0.05). In view of these data, the potential effect of eugenol on in vivo (sulcular or periapical) PMN function deserves further study. PMID:3475310

  7. Effects of Eugenol on Polymorphonuclear Cell Migration and Chemiluminescence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. G. Fotos; C. J. Woolverton; K. Van Dyke; R. L. Powell

    1987-01-01

    In this study, the effects of eugenol on human polymorphonuclear (PMN) cell migration and chemiluminescence were examined in vitro. Utilizing zymosan-activated serum or crude Bacteroides sonicate fractions as chemotractants, we found that eugenol inhibits PMN migration at 6.6 x 10-2to 6.6 x 10-5mol\\/L (P<0.05). Also, similar effects were observed in PMNs pre-incubated in eugenol. Regardless of concentration, eugenol was not

  8. Chemiluminescent multiassay of pesticides with horseradish peroxidase as a label

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jeanne V Samsonova; Maya Yu Rubtsova; Anna V Kiseleva; Alexander A Ezhov; Alexey M Egorov

    1999-01-01

    Competitive chemiluminescent immunoassay based on a combination of five antibodies was used in a combination with neural network to identify and estimate amounts of three cross-reacting s-triazines (atrazine, terbythylazine and ametryn). Antibodies with different cross-reactivity towards s-triazines were immobilized in separate wells an eight-well microtiter strip. Training of neural networks was carried out with four different learning procedures. The best

  9. A Chemiluminescence Study of the Thermooxidative Degradation of Copolymers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tatiana Memetea; Zina Vuluga; Cornel Hagiopol

    1991-01-01

    The in situ themo-oxidative degradation of ABS-copolymers, initiated by di-benzoyl peroxide (BP) has been followed by chemiluminescence (CL) measurements. When conducted in the presence of an antioxidant it turns to a quick mean of antioxidant efficiency evaluation. ABS-copolymer containing antioxidants of various classes such as Irganox 1076, Irganox 565, trisnonylphenyl phosphite and dialkyl-thio-dipropionate was tested. The study has been carried

  10. Spectral analysis of cavity chemiluminescence of a combustion-driven HF laser fueled by NF3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Liucheng; Duo, Liping; Wang, Yuanhu; Tang, Shukai; Yu, Haijun; Li, Guofu; Wang, Jian

    2015-02-01

    The visible and near infrared spectra of cavity chemiluminescence of a combustion driven HF laser fueled by NF3 were collected and analyzed. The spectral line at 529 nm for the green chemiluminescence was attributed to electronic excited NF molecules in b1? state, i.e. NF(b). The diffuse bands from 570 nm to 700 nm were attributed to the N2(B-A) emission. The spectral lines from 850 nm to 1000 nm were attributed to the HF ?? = 3 emission bands. At the end of every experiment, the spectral line at 874 nm would be observed, which was attributed to the electronic excited NF molecules in a1 ? state, i.e. NF(a). The NF(a-X) emission was found experimentally to be always avoiding the HF?? = 3 emission bands. It was also found experimentally that the NF(b-X) emission always accompanied the HF ?? = 3 emission bands and their emission intensities had the same trends as a function of experimental time. Whereas the NF(a) molecules was produced in the optical cavity directly by the reaction of H atoms with NF2 molecules in the incomplete combustion effluents, the NF(b) molecules were suggested to be produced mainly by the near resonant energy transfer from vibrational excited HF(v<=2) molecules to NF(a) molecules. In other words, the vibrational excited state HF(v<=2) molecules can be efficiently deactivated by the NF(a) molecules by near resonant V-E energy transfer process. Therefore we concluded that incomplete dissociation of NF3 might be harmful to the HF(v<=2) population.

  11. Magnetic-particle-based, ultrasensitive chemiluminescence enzyme immunoassay for free prostate-specific antigen.

    PubMed

    Liu, Ruping; Wang, Cheng; Jiang, Quan; Zhang, Wei; Yue, Zhao; Liu, Guohua

    2013-11-01

    We report a magnetic-particle (MMP)-based chemiluminescence enzyme immunoassay (CLEIA) for free prostate-specific antigen (f-PSA) in human serum. In this method, the f-PSA is sandwiched between the anti-PSA antibody coated MMPs and alkaline phosphatase (ALP)-labeled anti-f-PSA antibody. The signal produced by the emitted photons from the chemiluminescent substrate (4-methoxy-4-(3-phosphatephenyl)-spiro-(1,2-dioxetane-3,2'-adamantane)) is directly proportional to the amount of f-PSA in a sample. The present MMP-based assay can detect f-PSA in the range of 0.1-30 ng mL(-1) with the detection limit of 0.1 ng mL(-1). The linear detection range could match the concentration range within the "diagnostic gray zone" of serum f-PSA levels (4-10 ng mL(-1)). The detection limit was sufficient for measuring clinically relevant f-PSA levels (>4 ng mL(-1)). Furthermore, the method was highly selective; it was unaffected by cross-reaction with human glandular kallikrein-2, a kallikrein-like serine protease that is 80% similar to f-PSA. The proposed method was finally applied to determine f-PSA in 40 samples of human sera. Results obtained using the method showed high correlation with those obtained using a commercially available microplate CLEIA kit (correlation coefficient, 0.9821). This strategy shows great potential application in the fabrication of diagnostic kits for determining f-PSA in serum. PMID:24139579

  12. Evaluation of carbohydrate antigen 50 in human serum using magnetic particle-based chemiluminescence enzyme immunoassay.

    PubMed

    Wang, Xu; Lin, Jin-Ming; Ying, Xitang

    2007-08-29

    A magnetic particles (MPs)-based chemiluminescence enzyme immunoassay (CLEIA) with high sensitivity, specificity, rapidity, and reproducibility was proposed for the evaluation of tumor marker, carbohydrate antigen 50 (CA50) in human serum. The immunomagnetic particles coated with anti-fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) antibody was used as dispersed solid phase for the immunoassay, which was based on a sandwich immunoreaction of FITC-labeled anti-CA50 antibody, CA50 antigen, and alkaline phosphatase (ALP)-labeled anti-CA50 antibody, and was based on a subsequent chemiluminescence reaction of ALP with 4-methoxy-4-(3-phosphate-phenyl)-spiro-(1,2-dioxetane-3,2'-adamantane) (AMPPD) solution. The CL emission intensity was directly proportional to the amount of analyte present in a sample solution. The effects of several physicochemical parameters, including the concentration of FITC-labeled anti-CA50 antibody, the dilution ratio of ALP-labeled anti-CA50 antibody, the volume of MPs and substrate, the immunoreaction time and other relevant variables upon the immunoassay were studied and optimized. The proposed method exhibited advantages in a lower minimum detectable concentration of 1.0 U mL(-1) with comparison to the commercially available immunoradiometric assay (IRMA), and showed a larger linear range of 0 to 300 U mL(-1), as well as less total assay time of only 50 min with comparison to both IRMA and microplate CLEIA. The coefficient of variation was less than 7 and 11% for intra- and inter-assay precision, respectively. This method has been successfully applied to the evaluation of CA50 in human serum with recoveries from 82 to 112%, and showed a good correlation with the commercially available CA50 IRMA. PMID:17719901

  13. Chemiluminescence-based multivariate sensing of local equivalence ratios in premixed atmospheric methane-air flames

    SciTech Connect

    Tripathi, Markandey M.; Krishnan, Sundar R.; Srinivasan, Kalyan K.; Yueh, Fang-Yu; Singh, Jagdish P.

    2012-03-01

    Chemiluminescence emissions from OH*, CH*, C2, and CO2 formed within the reaction zone of premixed flames depend upon the fuel-air equivalence ratio in the burning mixture. In the present paper, a new partial least square regression (PLS-R) based multivariate sensing methodology is investigated and compared with an OH*/CH* intensity ratio-based calibration model for sensing equivalence ratio in atmospheric methane-air premixed flames. Five replications of spectral data at nine different equivalence ratios ranging from 0.73 to 1.48 were used in the calibration of both models. During model development, the PLS-R model was initially validated with the calibration data set using the leave-one-out cross validation technique. Since the PLS-R model used the entire raw spectral intensities, it did not need the nonlinear background subtraction of CO2 emission that is required for typical OH*/CH* intensity ratio calibrations. An unbiased spectral data set (not used in the PLS-R model development), for 28 different equivalence ratio conditions ranging from 0.71 to 1.67, was used to predict equivalence ratios using the PLS-R and the intensity ratio calibration models. It was found that the equivalence ratios predicted with the PLS-R based multivariate calibration model matched the experimentally measured equivalence ratios within 7%; whereas, the OH*/CH* intensity ratio calibration grossly underpredicted equivalence ratios in comparison to measured equivalence ratios, especially under rich conditions ( > 1.2). The practical implications of the chemiluminescence-based multivariate equivalence ratio sensing methodology are also discussed.

  14. The effect of low dose-rate ?-radiation on the chemiluminescence of blood serum at chronic inflammation in rats

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N. Klimenko; M. Onyshchenko; N. Dikij; E. Medvedeva

    2005-01-01

    Chemiluminescence assay was used for the indirect estimation of DNA damage at low dose-rate ?-irradiation under chronic inflammation in rats. A good correlation between blood serum chemiluminescence intensity and dose was found.

  15. Flow injection chemiluminescence determination of hydrazine by oxidation with chlorinated isocyanurates.

    PubMed

    Safavi, Afsaneh; Karimi, Mohammad Ali

    2002-10-16

    A rapid and sensitive flow injection chemiluminescence (CL) method is described for the determination of hydrazine based on the CL generated during its reaction with either sodium dichloroisocyanurate (SDCC) or trichloroisocyanuric acid (TCCA) in alkaline medium. The emission intensity is greatly enhanced if dichlorofluorescein (DCF) as sensitizer is present in the reaction medium. The presence of citrate prevents the precipitation of some cations in the reaction medium and also causes an enhancement in emission intensity. The effect of analytical and flow injection variables on these CL systems and determination of hydrazine are discussed. The optimum parameters for the determination of hydrazine were studied and were found to be the following: SDCC and TCCA both 1x10(-3) M; NaOH, 2x10(-1) M; DCF, 5x10(-6) M; citrate, 1x10(-3) M and flow rate, 3.8 ml min(-1). The optimized method yielded 3sigma detection limits of 2x10(-7) and 3x10(-7) M for hydrazine with SDCC and TCCA oxidants, respectively. The method is simple, fast, sensitive, and precise and was applied to the determination of hydrazine in water samples. PMID:18968808

  16. Aggregation-induced structure transition of protein-stabilized zinc/copper nanoclusters for amplified chemiluminescence.

    PubMed

    Chen, Hui; Lin, Ling; Li, Haifang; Li, Jianzhang; Lin, Jin-Ming

    2015-02-24

    A stable, water-soluble fluorescent Zn/Cu nanocluster (NC) capped with a model protein, bovine serum albumin (BSA), was synthesized and applied to the reaction of hydrogen peroxide and sodium hydrogen carbonate. A significantly amplified chemiluminescence (CL) from the accelerated decomposition of peroxymonocarbonate (HCO4(-)) by the nanosluster was observed. The CL reaction led to a structure change of BSA and aggregation of Zn/Cu NCs. In the presence of H2O2, Zn/Cu-S bonding between BSA scaffolds and the encapsulated Zn/Cu@BSA NC was oxidized to form a disulfide product. Zn/Cu@BSA NCs were prone to aggregate to form larger nanoparticles without the protection of scaffolds. It is revealed that the strong CL emission was initiated from the catalysis of Zn/Cu@BSA NC and the surface plasmon coupling of the formed Zn/Cu nanoparticles in a single chemical reaction. This amplified CL was successfully exploited for selective sensing of hydrogen peroxide in environmental samples. PMID:25647180

  17. Molecular Physics, Vol. 105, Nos. 57, 10 March10 April 2007, 715725 The high resolution Fourier-transform chemiluminescence spectrum

    E-print Network

    Ashworth, Stephen H.

    -transform chemiluminescence spectrum of the HS2 radical S. H. ASHWORTH*y and E. H. FINKz yUniversity of East Anglia, Norwich November 2006) The chemiluminescence spectrum of the HS2 radical has been recorded with a Fourier-infrared chemiluminescence spectrum of HS2 excited by energy transfer from metastable singlet oxygen in a fast-flow system

  18. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, Volume 29, 2002/pp. 16631670 CHEMILUMINESCENT OH* AND CH* FLAME STRUCTURE AND

    E-print Network

    Tse, Stephen D.

    1663 Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, Volume 29, 2002/pp. 1663­1670 CHEMILUMINESCENT OH to the chemiluminescent species. Theexperimental results were then compared with computations allowing for detailed the adequacy of the chemistry and the experimental approach. For hydrogen/methane flames, OH* chemiluminescence

  19. Chemiluminescence and superoxide anion production by leukocytes from chronic hemodialysis patients

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Elizabeth E Ritchey; John D Wallin; Sudhir V Shah

    1981-01-01

    Chemiluminescence and superoxide anion production by leukocytes from chronic hemodialysis patients. During phagocytosis or in response to a soluble stimulus, polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) undergo a burst of oxidative metabolism involved intimately in antimicrobial activity. Superoxide anion produced during the burst is bactericidal either directly or as an intermediate metabolite. In addition, stimulated PMN's emit light or chemiluminescence (CL). CL is

  20. Chemiluminescence of blood plasma and activity of alveolar macrophages in experimental pneumonia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    U. R. Farkhutdinov; R. R. Farkhutdinov

    2000-01-01

    Acute experimental pneumonia in animals is accompanied by enhanced production of active oxygen forms by alveolar macrophages\\u000a and increased plasma chemiluminescence. Low photosum of chemiluminescence and suppression of bactericidal activity of alveolar\\u000a macrophages together with increased blood content of low-molecular-weight peptides are signs of lung destruction.

  1. Action of histamine on PHA chemiluminescence response of blood mononuclear cells in autoimmune patients

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. Meretey; U. Bohm; A. Falus

    1986-01-01

    Peripheral blood mononuclar cells (PBMs) of patients suffering from autoimmune diseases showed significantly lower chemiluminescence response to PHA than the controls. High doses of histamine (10?5 M) inhibited the chemiluminescence while low doses caused a mild enhancement in all groups of patients. The preformed histamine content of the PMBs was not significantly higher in the patients than in the controls.

  2. Chemiluminescence in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of solid tumor cancer patients

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. P. Braun; J. E. Harris; S. Maximovich; R. Marder; T. F. Lint

    1995-01-01

    Levels of chemiluminescence were measured in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from normal subjects and from solid tumor cancer patients. Patients with advanced malignant disease were found to have significantly elevated baseline chemiluminescence activity in their ‘resting PBMC’ as compared to normal subjects or to cancer patients with, at most, minimum residual disease. Patients with either advanced disease or minimum

  3. Investigation on the micelle-sensitized Ce(IV)-lornoxicam-Rh B chemiluminescence system and its application.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Fang; Zhao, Wenhui

    2012-01-01

    Based on the micelle synergism mechanism, a simple and sensitive flow injection chemiluminescence (FI-CL) method for the assay of lornoxicam was described. The CL signal generated from the reaction of Ce (IV) with lornoxicam in acidic solution was very weak, while the interfusion of sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate (SDBS) resulted in a highly CL intensity. Under the optimum experimental conditions, the CL intensity was proportional to lornoxicam concentration over the range 1.0?×?10(-10)-7.3?×?10(-8) g/mL with a detection limit of 4.9?×?10(-11) g/mL (3?). The relative standard deviation for 11 replicate measurements of 3.0?×?10(-9) g/mL of lornoxicam was 1.9%. The proposed method was successfully applied for the assay of lornoxicam in pharmaceuticals, human serum and urine with excellent recovery. The possible mechanism of CL reaction was also discussed briefly. PMID:21968509

  4. Ethanol as an alternative to formaldehyde for the enhancement of manganese(IV) chemiluminescence detection.

    PubMed

    Smith, Zoe M; Terry, Jessica M; Barnett, Neil W; Francis, Paul S

    2014-12-01

    Previous applications of manganese(IV) as a chemiluminescence reagent have required the use of formaldehyde to enhance the emission intensity to analytically useful levels. However, this known human carcinogen (by inhalation) is not ideal for routine application. A wide range of alternative enhancers have been examined but to date none have been found to provide the dramatic increase in chemiluminescence intensities obtained using formaldehyde. Herein, we demonstrate that ethanol offers a simple, safe and inexpensive alternative to the use of formaldehyde for manganese(IV) chemiluminescence detection, without compromising signal intensity or sensitivity. For example, chemiluminescence signals for opiate alkaloids using 50-100% ethanol were 0.8-1.6-fold those using 2M formaldehyde. This innocuous alternative enhancer is shown to be a particularly effective for the direct detection of thiols and disulfides by manganese(IV) chemiluminescence, which we have applied to a simple HPLC procedure to determine a series of biomarkers of oxidative stress. PMID:25159402

  5. Evaluation of Single Column Trapping/Separation and Chemiluminescence Detection for Measurement of Methanethiol and Dimethyl Sulfide from Pig Production

    PubMed Central

    Hansen, Michael Jørgen; Toda, Kei; Obata, Tomoaki; Adamsen, Anders Peter S.; Feilberg, Anders

    2012-01-01

    Reduced sulfur compounds are considered to be important odorants from pig production due to their low odor threshold values and low solubility in slurry. The objective of the present study was to investigate the use of a portable method with a single silica gel column for trapping/separation coupled with chemiluminescence detection (SCTS-CL) for measurement of methanethiol and dimethyl sulfide in sample air from pig production. Proton-transfer-reaction mass spectrometry (PTR-MS) was used to evaluate the trapping/separation. The silica gel column used for the SCTS-CL efficiently collected hydrogen sulfide, methanethiol and dimethyl sulfide. The measurement of methanethiol by SCTS-CL was clearly interfered by the high concentration of hydrogen sulfide found in pig production, and a removal of hydrogen sulfide was necessary to obtain reliable results. Air samples taken from a facility with growing-finishing pigs were analyzed by SCTS-CL, PTR-MS, and a gas chromatograph with sulfur chemiluminescence detection (GC-SCD) to evaluate the SCTS-CL. The difference between the concentrations of methanethiol and dimethyl sulfide measured with SCTS-CL, PTR-MS, and GC-SCD was below 10%. In conclusion, the SCTS-CL is a portable and low-cost alternative to the commercial methods that can be used to measure methanethiol and dimethyl sulfide in sample air from pig production. PMID:22997603

  6. [Determination of nitrite in water samples by sequential injection analysis with chemiluminescence detection on chip flow cell].

    PubMed

    Wang, Yang; Fan, Shi-hua

    2005-02-01

    A sequential injection chemiluminescence's system using a chip flow cell was described for the determination of trace amount of nitrite in water samples. Nitride reacted with hydrogen peroxide to form peroxynitrous acid in sulfuric acid medium, which was an unstable in acid medium and subsequently was quenched into peroxynitrite in basic solution. During the composition of peroxynitrite the chemiluminescence intensity was enhanced with the presence of uranin and ethyldimethylcetylammonium bromide. The reaction coil (flow cell) and holding coil was combined for tracking the emission signal. The experimental parameters including physical and chemical parameter were optimized. The interference of cations in water samples was eliminated by passing previously the sample solution through a cation-exchange column. The linear range of the calibration graph was obtained from 1 x 10(-6) to 1 x 10(-4) mol x L(-1) with a correlation coefficient of 0.9998. The detection limit at 95% confidence was 6.8 x 10(-7) mol x L(-1). The relative standard deviation at 1 x 10(-5) mol x L(-1) nitrite level was 2.7%, and the recovery of 90%-99% and the sampling frequency of 80 h(-1) were obtained. PMID:15852851

  7. A novel flow-injection chemiluminescence determination of uric acid based on diperiodatoargentate(III) oxidation.

    PubMed

    Yang, Chunyan; Zhang, Zhujun

    2010-04-15

    A novel and high selectivity flow-injection chemiluminescence (FI-CL) system with diperiodatoargentate(III) (DPA) is developed for the determination of uric acid for the first time. It is based on the reaction of diperiodatoargentate(III) (DPA) with uric acid in alkaline medium to emit CL. With the peak height as a quantitative parameter applying optimum working conditions, the relative CL intensity was linear with the uric acid concentration in the range of 4.0 x 10(-7)-2.0 x 10(-4) mol L(-1) with a detection limit of 1.2 x 10(-7) mol L(-1) (3 sigma). The relative standard deviation (RSD) was 2.1% for 5.0 x 10(-5) mol L(-1) uric acid (n=7). The proposed method held higher selectivity than other CL methods and was applied to determination of uric acid in human serum. The possible CL reaction mechanism was also discussed briefly. PMID:20188949

  8. Enzymatic activity of albumin shown by coelenterazine chemiluminescence.

    PubMed

    Vassel, N; Cox, C D; Naseem, R; Morse, V; Evans, R T; Power, R L; Brancale, A; Wann, K T; Campbell, A K

    2012-01-01

    Bioluminescence, the emission of light from live organisms, occurs in 18 phyla and is the major communication system in the deep sea. It has appeared independently many times during evolution but its origins remain unknown. Coelenterazine bioluminescence discovered in luminous jellyfish is the most common chemistry causing bioluminescence in the sea, occurring in seven phyla. Sequence similarities between coelenterazine luciferases and photoproteins from different phyla are poor (often < 5%). The aim of this study was to examine albumin that binds organic substances as a coelenterazine luciferase to test the hypothesis that the evolutionary origin of a bioluminescent protein was the result of the formation of a solvent cage containing just a few key amino acids. The results show for the first time that bovine and human albumin catalysed coelenterazine chemiluminescence consistent with a mono-oxygenase, whereas gelatin and haemoglobin, an oxygen carrier, had very weak activity. Insulin also catalysed coelenterazine chemiluminescence and was increased by Zn(2+). Albumin chemiluminescence was heat denaturable, exhibited saturable substrate characteristics and was inhibited by cations that bound these proteins and by drugs that bind to human albumin drug site I. Molecular modelling confirmed the coelenterazine binding site and identified four basic amino acids: lys195, arg222, his242 and arg257, potentially important in binding and catalysis similar to naturally occurring coelenterazine bioluminescent proteins. These results support the 'solvent cage' hypothesis for the evolutionary origin of enzymatic coelenterazine bioluminescent proteins. They also have important consequences in diseases such as diabetes, gut disorders and food intolerance where a mono-oxygenase could affect cell surface proteins. PMID:22362656

  9. Chemiluminescence detection of opium poppy (Papaver somniferum) alkaloids.

    PubMed

    Francis, Paul S; Adcock, Jacqui L; Costin, Jason W; Purcell, Stuart D; Pfeffer, Frederick M; Barnett, Neil W

    2008-11-01

    A review with 98 references. The determination of the opium poppy (Papaver somniferum) alkaloids and their semi-synthetic derivatives has important applications in industrial process monitoring, clinical analysis and forensic science. Liquid-phase chemiluminescence reagents such as tris(2,2'-bipyridyl)ruthenium(II) and acidic potassium permanganate exhibit remarkable sensitivity and complementary selectivity for many P. somniferum alkaloids, which has been exploited in the development of a range of analytical procedures using flow analysis, high-performance liquid chromatography, capillary electrophoresis and microfluidic instrumentation. PMID:18707837

  10. A highly sensitive method for simultaneous determination of ultra trace levels of copper and cadmium in food and water samples with luminol as a chelating agent by adsorptive stripping voltammetry.

    PubMed

    Abbasi, Shahryar; Bahiraei, Atousa; Abbasai, Freshteh

    2011-12-01

    In the present study a selective method is presented for the simultaneous determination of copper and cadmium in food samples by adsorptive stripping voltammetry. In preliminary studies, it has been proven that the copper and cadmium react with 3-aminophthalhydrazide (luminol), giving rise to the formation of these complexes. These complexes have adsorptive characteristics on hanging mercury drop electrode (HMDE) and can be reduced in a reduction step. In this study the optimum reaction parameters and conditions studies are investigated. The calibration graphs were linear in the concentration range of 0.5-105.0 and 0.8-70.0ng/ml for copper and cadmium, respectively. The limit of detection of the method was 0.04ng/ml for Cu(2+) and 0.02ng/ml for Cd(2+). The interference of some common ions was studied and it was concluded that application of this method for the determination of copper (II) and cadmium in food and water samples led to satisfactory results. PMID:25212367

  11. Postmortem interval of skeletal remains through the detection of intraosseal hemin traces. A comparison of UV-fluorescence, luminol, Hexagon-OBTI ®, and Combur ® tests

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Frank Ramsthaler; Sarah C. Ebach; Christoph G. Birngruber; Marcel A. Verhoff

    2011-01-01

    With the goal of obtaining additional practically applicable methods for estimating the PMI of skeletal remains, 39 samples of human and 5 samples of domestic animal long bones with known PMI (PMI=1 to approximately 2000 years) were tested with two established methods (UV-fluorescence of a freshly sawn cross-section and the luminol test) and two screening tests (Hexagon-OBTI® test and Combur®

  12. A study of interferences in ozone UV and chemiluminescence monitors

    SciTech Connect

    Hudgens, E.E.; Kleindienst, T.E. [ManTech Environmental Technology, Inc., Research Triangle Park, NC (United States); McElroy, F.F. [Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States). Atmospheric Research and Exposure Assessment Laboratory; Ollison, W.M. [American Petroleum Inst., Washington, DC (United States)

    1994-12-31

    A study was conducted to examine interferences and other measurement anomalies in chemiluminescence and ultraviolet ozone monitors. Previous results had show that there was a positive deviation in the chemiluminescence monitors and no direct interference with ultraviolet monitors due to the presence of water at non-condensing concentrations. The present study continues this effort, examining both potential positive and negative effects of moisture and other interferences on these monitors. Aromatic compounds and their oxidation products could potentially show a positive interference with ultraviolet monitors, and test measurements were made with aromatics such as toluene, benzaldehyde, and nitrotoluene to determine their possible retention in the ozone scrubber and their absorption in the cell as a function of the humidity. A detailed examination of the scrubbers used in ultraviolet ozone monitors has also been undertaken. Ozone scrubbers that have shown anomalous behavior in the field have been studied in various reduced-efficacy modes under controlled laboratory conditions. Longer term tests of unused scrubbers for possible ozone breakthrough under exposure to various simulated field conditions were initiated.

  13. Evaluation of glycophenotype in prostatic neoplasm by chemiluminescent assay.

    PubMed

    da Silva, Lúcia Patrícia Bezerra Gomes; de Almeida, Sinara Mônica Vitalino; de Lima, Luiza Rayanna Amorim; Cavalcanti, Carmelita de Lima Bezerra; de Melo Lira, Mariana Montenegro; da Silva, Maria da Paz Carvalho; Beltrão, Eduardo Isidoro Carneiro; de Carvalho Júnior, Luiz Bezerra

    2014-01-01

    This work aimed to evaluate the glycophenotype in normal prostate, bening prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostatic adenocarcinoma (PCa) tissues by a chemiluminescent method. Concanavalin A (Con A), Ulex europaeus agglutinin (UEA-I) and Peanut agglutinin (PNA) lectins were conjugated to acridinium ester (lectins-AE). These conjugates remained capable to recognize their specific carbohydrates. Tissue samples were incubated with lectins-AE. The chemiluminescence of the tissue-lectin-AE complex was expressed in relative light units (RLU). Transformed tissues (0.25 cm(2) by 8 µm of thickness) showed statistical significant lower ?-D-glucose/mannose (BPH: 226,931 ± 17,436; PCa: 239,520 ± 12,398) and Gal-?(1-3)-GalNAc (BPH: 28,754 ± 2,157; PCa: 16,728 ± 1,204) expression than normal tissues (367,566 ± 48,550 and 409,289 ± 22,336, respectively). However, higher ?-L-fucose expression was observed in PCa (251,118 ± 14,193) in relation to normal (200,979 ± 21,318) and BHP (169,758 ± 10,264) tissues. It was observed an expressive decreasing of the values of RLU by inhibition of the interaction between tissues and lectins-AE using their specific carbohydrates. The relationship between RLU and tissue area showed a linear correlation for all lectin-AE in both transformed tissues. These results indicated that the used method is an efficient tool for specific, sensitive and quantitative analyses of prostatic glycophenotype. PMID:25120756

  14. Evaluation of glycophenotype in prostatic neoplasm by chemiluminescent assay

    PubMed Central

    da Silva, Lúcia Patrícia Bezerra Gomes; de Almeida, Sinara Mônica Vitalino; de Lima, Luiza Rayanna Amorim; Cavalcanti, Carmelita de Lima Bezerra; Lira, Mariana Montenegro de Melo; da Silva, Maria da Paz Carvalho; Beltrão, Eduardo Isidoro Carneiro; Júnior, Luiz Bezerra de Carvalho

    2014-01-01

    This work aimed to evaluate the glycophenotype in normal prostate, bening prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostatic adenocarcinoma (PCa) tissues by a chemiluminescent method. Concanavalin A (Con A), Ulex europaeus agglutinin (UEA-I) and Peanut agglutinin (PNA) lectins were conjugated to acridinium ester (lectins-AE). These conjugates remained capable to recognize their specific carbohydrates. Tissue samples were incubated with lectins-AE. The chemiluminescence of the tissue-lectin-AE complex was expressed in relative light units (RLU). Transformed tissues (0.25 cm2 by 8 µm of thickness) showed statistical significant lower ?-D-glucose/mannose (BPH: 226,931 ± 17,436; PCa: 239,520 ± 12,398) and Gal-?(1-3)-GalNAc (BPH: 28,754 ± 2,157; PCa: 16,728 ± 1,204) expression than normal tissues (367,566 ± 48,550 and 409,289 ± 22,336, respectively). However, higher ?-L-fucose expression was observed in PCa (251,118 ± 14,193) in relation to normal (200,979 ± 21,318) and BHP (169,758 ± 10,264) tissues. It was observed an expressive decreasing of the values of RLU by inhibition of the interaction between tissues and lectins-AE using their specific carbohydrates. The relationship between RLU and tissue area showed a linear correlation for all lectin-AE in both transformed tissues. These results indicated that the used method is an efficient tool for specific, sensitive and quantitative analyses of prostatic glycophenotype. PMID:25120756

  15. Method for detecting pollutants. [through chemical reactions and heat treatment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rogowski, R. S.; Richards, R. R.; Conway, E. J. (inventors)

    1976-01-01

    A method is described for detecting and measuring trace amounts of pollutants of the group consisting of ozone, nitrogen dioxide, and carbon monoxide in a gaseous environment. A sample organic solid material that will undergo a chemical reaction with the test pollutant is exposed to the test environment and thereafter, when heated in the temperature range of 100-200 C., undergoes chemiluminescence that is measured and recorded as a function of concentration of the test pollutant. The chemiluminescence of the solid organic material is specific to the pollutant being tested.

  16. Chemiluminescence by the interaction of XeO{sub 3} and the products of photolysis of uranyl solutions in sulfuric acid

    SciTech Connect

    Khamidullina, L.A.; Lotnik, S.V.; Kazakov, V.P. [Institute of Organic Chemistry, Ufa (Russian Federation)

    1994-10-01

    Using the chemiluminescence oxidation of U(IV) and H{sub 2}O{sub 2} with xenon trioxide as a model, it has been found that during the photolysis of solutions of UO{sub 2}SO{sub 4} in sulfuric acid in the absence of any organic compounds, the accumulation of U(SO{sub 4}){sub 2} and H{sub 2}O{sub 2} takes place as a result of the reaction of the primary products of the photoreduction of uranyl ion, i.e., UO{sub 2}{sup +} and the OH radical.

  17. Feasibility study for rocket ozone measurements in the 50 to 80 km region using a chemiluminescent technique

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Goodman, P.

    1973-01-01

    A study has been conducted to determine the feasibility of increasing sensitivity for ozone detection. The detection technique employed is the chemiluminescent reaction of ozone with a rhodamine-B impregnated disk. Previously achieved sensitivities are required to be increased by a factor of about 20 to permit measurements at altitudes of 80 km. Sensitivity was increased by using a more sensitive photomultiplier tube, by increasing the gas velocity past the disk, by different disk preparation techniques, and by using reflective coatings in the disk chamber and on the uncoated side of the glass disk. Reflective coatings provided the largest sensitivity increase. The sum of all these changes was a sensitivity increased by an estimated factor of 70, more than sufficient to permit measurement of ambient ozone concentrations at altitudes of 80 km.

  18. Silver nanoparticles enhanced flow injection chemiluminescence determination of gatifloxacin in pharmaceutical formulation and spiked urine sample

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wabaidur, Saikh mohammad; Alam, Seikh Mafiz; Alothman, Zeid A.; Mohsin, Kazi

    2015-06-01

    Silver nanoparticles have been utilized for the enhanced chemiluminogenic estimation of fluoroquinolone antibiotic gatifloxacin. It has been found that the weak chemiluminescence intensity produced from the reaction between calcein and KMnO4 can further be strengthened by the addition of silver nanoparticles in the presence of gatifloxacin. This phenomenon has been exploited to the quantitative determination of gatifloxacin. Under the optimum experimental conditions, the calibration curves are linear over the range of 8.9 × 10-9-4.0 × 10-6 M, while the limits of detections were found to be 2.6 × 10-9 M with correlation coefficient value (r2) 0.9999. The relative standard deviation calculated from six replicate measurements (1.0 × 10-4 M gatifloxacin) was 1.70%. The method was applied to pharmaceutical preparations and the results obtained were in reasonable agreement with the amount labeled on the formulations. The proposed method was also used for the determination of gatifloxacin in spiked urine samples with satisfactory results. No interference effects from some common excipients used in pharmaceutical preparations have been found.

  19. A microchip electrophoresis strategy with online labeling and chemiluminescence detection for simultaneous quantification of thiol drugs.

    PubMed

    Huang, Yong; Zhao, Shulin; Shi, Ming; Liang, Hong

    2011-07-15

    An integrated microfluidic device with online labeling and chemiluminescence (CL) detection was developed for the simultaneous quantification of thiol drugs. In this device, the online labeling, electrophoresis separation and CL detection were compactly integrated onto a glass/poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) hybrid microfluidic chip. CL detection was based on the oxidation reaction of N-(4-aminobutyl)-N-ethylisoluminol (ABEI) and o-phthalaldehyde (OPA) labeled thiol drugs with NaBrO. Four thiol drugs including 2-mercaptopropionylglycine (2-MPG), captopril (CP), 6-thioguanine (6-TG) and 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) were employed as model compounds to examine the utility of the system. It was indicated that the separation and detection of four drugs can be completed within 90s. Detection limits (S/N=3) for the thiol drugs tested were in the range of 8.9×10(-9)-13.5×10(-9)M. The application of the present system was demonstrated by analyzing the thiol drugs in human plasma samples. PMID:21458189

  20. Iron stimulation of chemiluminescence by microsomes and purified NADPH-cytochrome P-450 reductase

    SciTech Connect

    Puntarulo, S.; Clejan, L.; Palakodety, R.; Cederbaum, A.I.

    1987-05-01

    Low level chemiluminescence (CL) was measured as an assay of the steady state level of production of oxygen radicals during microsomal electron transfer. In the presence of an NADPH-generating system, antioxidant-sensitive CL was observed with isolated rat liver microsomes. Depending on the nature of the chelating agent, ferric iron markedly affected this CL. For example, ferric-EDTA inhibited, whereas ferric-ADP stimulated CL. This response to iron chelators was identical to that found when measuring microsomal lipid peroxidation, but was opposite to the catalytic effectiveness of ferric-chelates in stimulating microsomal generation of hydroxyl radicals. Similar studies were conducted with purified NADPH-cytochrome P-450 reductase in the presence of t-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BOOH). No CL was observed in the absence of added iron. The addition of ferric-EDTA or ferric-detapac stimulated production of CL, whereas ferric chloride or ferric-ATP has little or no effect. This pattern of response to iron chelates is opposite to that found with the microsomes. CL was inhibited by catalase and OH scavengers such as ethanol and DMSO but not by superoxide dismutase. Thus, CL by the reductase system appears to involve the generation of OH via a Fenton-type of reaction, and subsequent interaction of OH with t-BOOH to produce excited species.

  1. Electrogenerated chemiluminescence detection of trace level pentachlorophenol using carbon quantum dots.

    PubMed

    Li, Jiezhen; Wang, Niya; Tran T, ThanhThuy; Huang, Chen'an; Chen, Lan; Yuan, Lijuan; Zhou, Liping; Shen, Rui; Cai, Qingyun

    2013-04-01

    Pentachlorophenol (PCP) is an environmental pollutant of serious concern due to its high toxicity and long persistence property. Fast and sensitive detection of PCP is therefore of great interest. In this work, carbon quantum dots (QDs) are synthesized by hydrothermal reaction, and characterized by fluorescence spectrophotometer, fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, UV/vis/NIR spectrophotometer and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The carbon QDs show stable and intensive electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL) in the presence of the coreactant S2O8(2-). Under the scanning potential of -1.2 to 0.5 V, PCP reacts with the excited C?(-), resulting in a decrease in ECL. The detection of trace level PCP is therefore achieved using the carbon QDs and Pt working electrode. Parameters that may affect the ECL intensity including the pH of solution, ionic strength, concentrations of coreactant and carbon QDs are optimized. Under the optimal conditions, a detection limit of 1.3 × 10(-12) g L(-1) is achieved with a linear range of 10 pg L(-1)?1.0 ?g L(-1). PMID:23391969

  2. Copy Number Variation Analysis by Ligation-Dependent PCR Based on Magnetic Nanoparticles and Chemiluminescence

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Ming; Hu, Ping; Zhang, Gen; Zeng, Yu; Yang, Haowen; Fan, Jing; Jin, Lian; Liu, Hongna; Deng, Yan; Li, Song; Zeng, Xin; Elingarami, Sauli; He, Nongyue

    2015-01-01

    A novel system for copy number variation (CNV) analysis was developed in the present study using a combination of magnetic separation and chemiluminescence (CL) detection technique. The amino-modified probes were firstly immobilized onto carboxylated magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) and then hybridized with biotin-dUTP products, followed by amplification with ligation-dependent polymerase chain reaction (PCR). After streptavidin-modified alkaline phosphatase (STV-AP) bonding and magnetic separation, the CL signals were then detected. Results showed that the quantification of PCR products could be reflected by CL signal values. Under optimum conditions, the CL system was characterized for quantitative analysis and the CL intensity exhibited a linear correlation with logarithm of the target concentration. To validate the methodology, copy numbers of six genes from the human genome were detected. To compare the detection accuracy, multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) and MNPs-CL detection were performed. Overall, there were two discrepancies by MLPA analysis, while only one by MNPs-CL detection. This research demonstrated that the novel MNPs-CL system is a useful analytical tool which shows simple, sensitive, and specific characters which are suitable for CNV analysis. Moreover, this system should be improved further and its application in the genome variation detection of various diseases is currently under further investigation. PMID:25553099

  3. Stress chemiluminescence of polymeric materials; predictive applications to the aging process

    SciTech Connect

    Monaco, S.B.; Richardson, J.H.; Breshears, J.D.; Lanning, S.M.; Bowman, J.E.; Walkup, C.M.

    1982-01-01

    A computer-controlled stress chemiluminescence instrument has been designed and assembled. The significant result of this work is the correlation of an enhanced chemiluminescence signal in a low stress environment with the subsequent premature mechanical failure of samples of TGMDA-DDS, the most common epoxy system used as a matrix for high-performance composites. Preliminary results with cellular silicone elastomers indicate a correlation between chemiluminescence, a dynamic measurement of a microscopic process, and load deflection curves, a dynamic measurement of macroscopic properties of the elastomer. Arrhenius plots of stressed and unstressed samples yield different activation energies and show a break in the slope at a temperature above which accelerated aging tests become unrealistic. Currently, only epoxy and cellular silicone samples have been examined with any depth; not all epoxy samples give a stress chemiluminescence signal.

  4. Chemiluminescence. 1977-April 1980 (citations from the NTIS Data Base). Report for 1977-April 1980

    SciTech Connect

    Young, C.G.

    1980-05-01

    Cited works describe the use of chemiluminescence for potential chemical laser candidate analyses, combustion studies, measurements of atmospheric properties, and related technical studies. Mention is also made of some biological sources, such as fireflies. (Contains 181 citations)

  5. Synthesis of Chemiluminescent Esters: A Combinatorial Synthesis Experiment for Organic Chemistry Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duarte, Robert; Nielson, Janne T.; Dragojlovic, Veljko

    2004-01-01

    A group of techniques aimed at synthesizing a large number of structurally diverse compounds is called combinatorial synthesis. Synthesis of chemiluminescence esters using parallel combinatorial synthesis and mix-and-split combinatorial synthesis is experimented.

  6. Chemiluminescent Analysis of Gene Expression on High-density Filter Arrays

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mangalathu S. Rajeevan; Irina M. Dimulescu; Elizabeth R. Unger; Suzanne D. Vernon

    SUMMARY We have optimized conditions for the chemiluminescent analysis of gene ex- pression using high-density filter arrays (HDFAs). High sensitivity and specificity were achieved by optimizing cDNA probe synthesis, hybridization, and detection parameters. The chemiluminescent expression profile reflected expected differences in the transcripts isolated from different sources (placenta and keratinocytes). We estimated the detection limit for low-abundance message to be

  7. Determination of total sulfur content via sulfur-specific chemiluminescence detection

    SciTech Connect

    Kubala, S.W.; Campbell, D.N. [Fluid Data, Inc., Angleton, TX (United States); DiSanzo, F.P. [Paulsboro Research Lab., NJ (United States)

    1995-12-31

    A specially designed system, based upon sulfur-specific chemiluminescence detection (SSCD), was developed to permit the determination of total sulfur content in a variety of samples. This type of detection system possesses several advantages such as excellent linearity and selectivity, low minimum detectable levels, and an equimolar response to various sulfur compounds. This paper will focus on the design and application of a sulfur-specific chemiluminescence detection system for use in determining total sulfur content in gasoline.

  8. [Application of chemiluminescent analysis for comparative assessment of antioxidant activity of some pharmacological compounds].

    PubMed

    Fedorova, T N

    2003-01-01

    A comparative analysis of the antioxidant activity of a series of pharmacological compounds was performed in vitro using Fe2+ induced chemiluminescence of lipoproteins. With respect to the protective action against lipoprotein oxidation, the compounds studied can be arranged in the following order: trolox > carnosine > emoxypine > L-carnitine = mildronate. The results show good prospects for using the proposed chemiluminescent technique for evaluating the antioxidant activity of pharmaceuticals. PMID:14650218

  9. [Prospects for using chemiluminescence technique for the solution of certain topical problems of forensic medicine].

    PubMed

    Astashkina, O G; Pashinian, G A

    2010-01-01

    Chemiluminescent techniques are employed in forensic medicine for the elucidation of such important problems as prescription of death coming, prescription and life-timeliness of a mechanical injury. Oxidation of free radicals is known to play an important role in pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases. The present study demonstrates the necessity of investigation of chemiluminescent properties of the blood and tissue homogenates during the postmortem period for differential diagnosis of the causes of sudden death. PMID:20821987

  10. Determination of penicillin V potassium in pharmaceuticals and spiked human urine by chemiluminescence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. H. Sorouraddin; M. Iranifam; A. Imani-Nabiyyi

    2009-01-01

    A simple and selective method for penicillin V potassium (PVK) determination by chemiluminescence (CL) was developed. Oxidation\\u000a of PVK by alkaline hydrogen peroxide produces CL, which is greatly enhanced by N, N-dimethyl formamide (DMF) and N-cetyl-N,N,N-trimethylammonium\\u000a bromide (CTMAB). Optimum conditions were established using luminometry. There is a linear relationship between the chemiluminescent\\u000a peak height and the amount of PVK within

  11. Chemiluminescence sulfur detection in capillary supercritical fluid chromatography

    SciTech Connect

    Bornhop, D.J.; Murphy, B.J.; Krieger-Jones, L.

    1989-04-01

    The need for selective detectors in supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC) is particularly evident for the sensitive analysis of sulfur-containing species. These sulfur species are of interest to the environmental community, for the analysis of pesticides and atmospheric pollutants, as well as to the petroleum industry. Various detectors have been employed for the analysis of sulfur. The authors describe the use of a chemiluminescence sulfur detector (SCD) for the analysis of sulfur-containing organic analytes as separated by supercritical fluid chromatography. Detection limits of 35 and 115 pg of isopropylthiol and dodecanethiol, respectively, have been obtained for the SFC-SCD system with the linear dynamic range of about 10/sup 3/. Sulfur detectability appears to be independent of chromatographic pressure and the utility of the system is illustrated by the presentation of several real world analyses.

  12. Ester oxidation on an aluminum surface using chemiluminescence

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jones, William R., Jr.; Meador, Michael A.; Morales, Wilfredo

    1986-01-01

    The oxidation characteristics of a pure ester (trimethyolpropane triheptanoate) were studied by using a chemiluminescence technique. Tests were run in a thin film microoxidation apparatus with an aluminum alloy catalyst. Conditions included a pure oxygen atmosphere and a temperature range of 176 to 206 C. Results indicated that oxidation of the ester (containing .001 M diphenylanthracene as an intensifier) was accompanied by emission of light. The maximum intensity of light emission was a function of the amount of ester, the concentration of intensifier, and the test temperature. The induction period, or the time to reach one-half of maximum intensity was inversely proportional to test temperature. Decreases in light emission at the later stages of a test were caused by depletion of the intensifier.

  13. Chemiluminescence enzyme immunoassay for the determination of sulfamethoxydiazine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, Yongjun; Yu, Songcheng; Yu, Fei; Yan, Nali; Qu, Lingbo; Zhang, Hongquan

    2011-10-01

    Sulfamethoxydiazine (SMD), which is often used for animal disease treatment, is harmful to human health. No SMD residue should be detected in food in some countries, such as USA and Japan. Therefore, it is significant to develop a high-throughput, high-sensitivity and accurate method for the determination of the content of SMD in food. In this paper, chemiluminescence enzyme immunoassay (CLEIA) was developed for quantification of SMD. For this method, the limit of detection was 3.2 pg/ml, the linear range was from 10 to 2000 pg/ml, the within-day and inter-day precision were below 13% and below 18%, respectively, and the recovery was from 85% to 105%. Milk and egg were selected as samples to be examined with this method, and the result indicated that this CLEIA method was suitable for screening and quality control of food.

  14. Supplementary Information Tandiono et al. 10.1073/pnas.1019623108

    E-print Network

    Ohl, Claus-Dieter

    with the photomultiplier for (a) luminol chemiluminescence and (b) sonoluminescence. The resolution is limited the resolution of the measured FWHM. Therefore, the actual width of the chemiluminescence and sonolumi- nescence (chemiluminescence from Luminol). The field of view is 21 mm × 18 mm. Both pictures were captured with an intensified

  15. Development of a multichannel Fourier-transform spectrometer to measure weak chemiluminescence: Application to the emission of singlet-oxygen dimol in the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide with gallic acid and K 3[Fe(CN) 6

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tsukino, Kazuo; Satoh, Toshihiro; Ishii, Hiroshi; Nakata, Munetaka

    2008-05-01

    A Fourier-transform spectrometer equipped with a Savart-plate polarization interferometer was developed for observation of weak chemiluminescence and applied to a measurement of emission spectra in the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide with gallic acid and K 3[Fe(CN) 6]. The band appearing at ˜580 nm in the chemiluminescence spectrum was assigned to the emission of singlet-oxygen dimol, the peak wavelength being shifted from that observed in the reaction of hydrogen peroxide with sodium hypochlorite, ˜633 nm. The band intensity was increased with the increasing concentration of K 3[Fe(CN) 6] up to ˜100 mM, and thereafter the peak wavelength was shifted from 580 to 700 nm with a decrease in the intensity.

  16. The Oxidant-Scavenging Abilities in the Oral Cavity May Be Regulated by a Collaboration among Antioxidants in Saliva, Microorganisms, Blood Cells and Polyphenols: A Chemiluminescence-Based Study

    PubMed Central

    Ginsburg, Isaac; Kohen, Ron; Shalish, Miri; Varon, David; Shai, Ella; Koren, Erez

    2013-01-01

    Saliva has become a central research issue in oral physiology and pathology. Over the evolution, the oral cavity has evolved the antioxidants uric acid, ascorbate reduced glutathione, plasma-derived albumin and antioxidants polyphenols from nutrients that are delivered to the oral cavity. However, blood cells extravasated from injured capillaries in gingival pathologies, or following tooth brushing and use of tooth picks, may attenuate the toxic activities of H2O2 generated by oral streptococci and by oxidants generated by activated phagocytes. Employing a highly sensitive luminol-dependent chemiluminescence, the DPPH radical and XTT assays to quantify oxidant-scavenging abilities (OSA), we show that saliva can strongly decompose both oxygen and nitrogen species. However, lipophilic antioxidant polyphenols in plants, which are poorly soluble in water and therefore not fully available as effective antioxidants, can nevertheless be solubilized either by small amounts of ethanol, whole saliva or also by salivary albumin and mucin. Plant-derived polyphenols can also act in collaboration with whole saliva, human red blood cells, platelets, and also with catalase-positive microorganisms to decompose reactive oxygen species (ROS). Furthermore, polyphenols from nutrient can avidly adhere to mucosal surfaces, are retained there for long periods and may function as a “slow- release devises” capable of affecting the redox status in the oral cavity. The OSA of saliva is due to the sum result of low molecular weight antioxidants, albumin, polyphenols from nutrients, blood elements and microbial antioxidants. Taken together, saliva and its antioxidants are considered regulators of the redox status in the oral cavity under physiological and pathological conditions. PMID:23658797

  17. THE JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS VOLUME 57, NUMBER 12 15 DECEMBER 1972 Determination of Doo(AIO) from Crossed-Beam Chemiluminescence of Al +03

    E-print Network

    Zare, Richard N.

    (AIO) from Crossed-Beam Chemiluminescence of Al +03 J. L. GoLE· AND R. N. ZARE Department of Chemistry (3000K) and the resulting visible chemiluminescence is re- corded with aim scanning monochromator. The chemiluminescence spectrum consists of (1) the AlO B 22;+-X 22;+ blue--green system for which we have assigned bands

  18. Determination of nitrate in atmospheric particulate matter by thermal decomposition and chemiluminescence

    SciTech Connect

    Spicer, C.W.; Joseph, D.W.; Schumacher, P.M.

    1985-10-01

    A thermal decomposition/chemiluminescence method is presented for determining nitrate in atmospheric particular matter. Nitrate in the sample is thermally decomposed to NO/sub x/, which is then determined with a commercial chemiluminescence NO/sub x/ monitor. The nitrate in a filter sample can be determined directly by heating a segment of the filter in a furnace or after extraction of the filter by flash heating the aqueous extract in a sample loop. In either case, the sample is decomposed in a nitrogen atmosphere to avoid interference from ammonium. The NO/sub x/ peak from nitrate decomposition can be quantified by integrating the chemiluminescence signal or by integrating the gas sample in a Tedlar bag prior to the chemiluminescence measurement. The technique is straightforward, fast, and sensitive, and interferences in atmospheric samples are negligible. A comparison of the thermal decomposition/chemiluminescence method with ion chromatography using filter samples collected in ambient air showed good agreement over a wide range of concentrations. 26 references.

  19. Chemiluminescent simultaneous determination of phosphatidylcholine hydroperoxide and phosphatidylethanolamine hydroperoxide in the liver and brain of the rat

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Teruo Miyazawa; Toshihide Suzuki; Kenshiro Fujimoto; Keiichi Yasuda

    The quantification of phospholipid hydroperoxides in biological tissues is important in order to know the degree of peroxidative damage of membrane lipids. For this purpose, op- timal conditions for the chemiluminescent simultaneous assay of phosphatidylcholine hydroperoxide (PCOOH) and phos- phatidylethanolamine hydroperoxide (PEOOH) in rat liver and brain were determined. A chemiluminescence detection-high performance liquid chromatography (CL-HPLC) method that incorporates cytochrome

  20. A micro-chemiluminescence determination of cyanide in whole blood.

    PubMed

    Lv, Jiagen; Zhang, Zhujun; Li, Jindong; Luo, Lirong

    2005-02-10

    A reactant volume self-controlled micro-device was presented and applied to the flow injection chemiluminescence (CL) for determination of cyanide in whole blood. A mini distiller was fabricated for cyanide extraction from the blood samples with the extraction efficiencies of cyanide > or = 98%. A fluidic control platform with air driving was fabricated. The described system showed the features of easy fabrication, undiluted sample injection, safe analysis operation, and suitability for automatic cyanide analysis. The calibration curve showed linearity in the cyanide concentration range of 5.0 x 10(-7) to 5.0 x 10(-5) mol l(-1) with the detection limits (3sigma) of 2.3 x 10(-7) mol l(-1). CL peak-height precision was 1.9% R.S.D. (n = 11) at the 1.0 x 10(-6) mol l(-1) cyanide level. The new devices were applied to the analysis of cyanide in rabbit whole blood samples and the results agreed well with those obtained from official method. PMID:15607585

  1. Detection and quantitation of heme-containing proteins by chemiluminescence.

    PubMed

    Dorward, D W

    1993-03-01

    A commercial assay for chemiluminescence (CL) has recently been developed for visualizing horseradish peroxidase-conjugated probes for antibodies and nucleic acids. To assess the utility of CL for detecting the peroxidase activity of other heme-containing proteins, the sensitivity of CL and a standard chromogenic stain for visualizing heme-proteins in SDS-polyacrylamide electrophoretic gels were compared. The ability of these systems to visualize heme-proteins on electroblots and dot blots was also examined. The chromogenic stain, which uses 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine for a dye, and CL had equal sensitivity in electrophoretic gels. Both assays were affected by 2-mercaptoethanol in the solubilization buffer. In blotting assays, CL was 10- to 10,000-fold more sensitive for detecting samples including cytochrome C and blood. Quantities of protein requiring 18 h to detect by staining were visualized in minutes by CL. Scintillation spectroscopy of CL emitted by blood, urine containing supplemental blood, or urine from a patient with hematuria resulted in a linear relationship between peroxidase activity and concentration, allowing for quantitation of blood over a broad range of concentrations. These results indicate that CL can rapidly detect and quantitate heme-proteins and may facilitate both basic studies of heme-proteins and clinical and forensic analyses of blood. PMID:8470793

  2. Chemiluminescence microarrays in analytical chemistry: a critical review.

    PubMed

    Seidel, Michael; Niessner, Reinhard

    2014-09-01

    Multi-analyte immunoassays on microarrays and on multiplex DNA microarrays have been described for quantitative analysis of small organic molecules (e.g., antibiotics, drugs of abuse, small molecule toxins), proteins (e.g., antibodies or protein toxins), and microorganisms, viruses, and eukaryotic cells. In analytical chemistry, multi-analyte detection by use of analytical microarrays has become an innovative research topic because of the possibility of generating several sets of quantitative data for different analyte classes in a short time. Chemiluminescence (CL) microarrays are powerful tools for rapid multiplex analysis of complex matrices. A wide range of applications for CL microarrays is described in the literature dealing with analytical microarrays. The motivation for this review is to summarize the current state of CL-based analytical microarrays. Combining analysis of different compound classes on CL microarrays reduces analysis time, cost of reagents, and use of laboratory space. Applications are discussed, with examples from food safety, water safety, environmental monitoring, diagnostics, forensics, toxicology, and biosecurity. The potential and limitations of research on multiplex analysis by use of CL microarrays are discussed in this review. PMID:25002333

  3. Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence Bioanalytic System Based on Biocleavage of Probes and Homogeneous Detection.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Jing; Qi, Honglan; Li, Zhejian; Zhang, Ni; Gao, Qiang; Zhang, Chengxiao

    2015-07-01

    A novel electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL) bioanalytic system based on biocleavage of a ECL probe and homogeneous detection was designed and utilized for the first time for highly sensitive quantification of proteases to overcome drawbacks from probes directly immobilized on electrodes and commercial ECL biosystems, based on bioaffinity reactions. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) was taken as a model analyte and ruthenium complex-tagged specific peptide (CHSSKLQK) was designed as an ECL probe (peptide-Ru1). ECL bioconjugated magnetic beads were synthesized through a simple solid-phase synthesis. When analyte PSA was introduced into the suspension of ECL bioconjugated magnetic beads, a biocleavage of the peptide occurred and the cleaved Ru1 part was released from the magnetic beads. ECL measurement was carried out in the presence of co-reactant tripropylamine, using two models. One is homogeneous ECL detection on a bare graphite pencil electrode (PGE), and the other is enriching ECL detection after the cleaved Ru1 part of the peptide was concentrated into the surface film of Nafion/gold nanoparticles modified PGE (AuNPs/Nafion/PGE). The extremely low detection limit of 80 fg/mL and high reproducibility (relative standard deviation (RSD) of 5.4% for six measurements of 0.5 pg/mL) for the detection of PSA were achieved at AuNPs/Nafion/PGE. This work demonstrates that the bioanalytic system designed can not only quantify proteases with high sensitivity and selectivity, but also diminish the complicated electrode process and improve the reproducibility by conducting the biocleavage and transduction steps at different surfaces. It can be easily extended for ECL analysis of other proteases in this system and other detection techniques, including optics and electrochemistry. PMID:26027475

  4. Intensified biochip system using chemiluminescence for the detection of Bacillus globigii spores

    PubMed Central

    Griffin, Guy D.; Mobley, Joel

    2008-01-01

    This paper reports the first intensified biochip system for chemiluminescence detection and the feasibility of using this system for the analysis of biological warfare agents is demonstrated. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay targeting Bacillus globigii spores, a surrogate species for Bacillus anthracis, using a chemiluminescent alkaline phosphatase substrate is combined with a compact intensified biochip detection system. The enzymatic amplification was found to be an attractive method for detection of low spore concentrations when combined with the intensified biochip device. This system was capable of detecting approximately 1?×?105Bacillus globigii spores. Moreover, the chemiluminescence method, combined with the self-contained biochip design, allows for a simple, compact system that does not require laser excitation and is readily adaptable to field use. Figure Schematic diagram of the miniature biochip detection system PMID:18224472

  5. Screening test for rapid food safety evaluation by menadione-catalysed chemiluminescent assay.

    PubMed

    Yamashoji, Shiro; Yoshikawa, Naoko; Kirihara, Masayuki; Tsuneyoshi, Toshihiro

    2013-06-15

    The chemiluminescent assay of menadione-catalysed H2O2 production by living mammalian cells was proposed to be useful for rapid food safety evaluation. The tested foods were extracted with water, ethanol and dimethylsulfoxide, and each extract was incubated with NIH3T3, Neuro-2a and HepG2 cells for 4h. Menadione-catalysed H2O2 production by living mammalian cells exposed to each extract was determined by the chemiluminescent assay requiring only 10 min, and the viability of the cells was estimated as percentage based on H2O2 production by intact cells. In this study the cytotoxicity of food was rated in order of inhibitory effect on H2O2 production by intact cells. The well known natural toxins such as Fusarium mycotoxin, tomato toxin tomatine, potato toxin solanine and marine toxins terodotoxin and brevetoxin could be detected by the above chemiluminescent assay. PMID:23497869

  6. A competitive chemiluminescence enzyme immunoassay for rapid and sensitive determination of enrofloxacin

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yu, Fei; Wu, Yongjun; Yu, Songcheng; Zhang, Huili; Zhang, Hongquan; Qu, Lingbo; Harrington, Peter de B.

    With alkaline phosphatase (ALP)-adamantane (AMPPD) system as the chemiluminescence (CL) detection system, a highly sensitive, specific and simple competitive chemiluminescence enzyme immunoassay (CLEIA) was developed for the measurement of enrofloxacin (ENR). The physicochemical parameters, such as the chemiluminescent assay mediums, the dilution buffer of ENR-McAb, the volume of dilution buffer, the monoclonal antibody concentration, the incubation time, and other relevant variables of the immunoassay have been optimized. Under the optimal conditions, the detection linear range of 350-1000 pg/mL and the detection limit of 0.24 ng/mL were provided by the proposed method. The relative standard deviations were less than 15% for both intra and inter-assay precision. This method has been successfully applied to determine ENR in spiked samples with the recovery of 103%-96%. It showed that CLEIA was a good potential method in the analysis of residues of veterinary drugs after treatment of related diseases.

  7. Development of Chemiluminescent Lateral Flow Assay for the Detection of Nucleic Acids

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Yuhong; Fill, Catherine; Nugen, Sam R.

    2012-01-01

    Rapid, sensitive detection methods are of utmost importance for the identification of pathogens related to health and safety. Herein we report the development of a nucleic acid sequence-based lateral flow assay which achieves a low limit of detection using chemiluminescence. On-membrane enzymatic signal amplification is used to reduce the limit of detection to the sub-femtomol level. To demonstrate this assay, we detected synthetic nucleic acid sequences representative of Trypanosoma mRNA, the causative agent for African sleeping sickness, with relevance in human and animal health in sub-Saharan Africa. The intensity of the chemiluminescent signal was evaluated by using a charge-coupled device as well as a microtiter plate reader. We demonstrated that our lateral flow chemiluminescent assay has a very low limit of detection and is easy to use. The limit of detection was determined to be 0.5 fmols of nucleic acid target. PMID:25585630

  8. Intrinsic Chemiluminescence Generation during Advanced Oxidation of Persistent Halogenated Aromatic Carcinogens.

    PubMed

    Mao, Li; Liu, Yu-Xiang; Huang, Chun-Hua; Gao, Hui-Ying; Kalyanaraman, Balaraman; Zhu, Ben-Zhan

    2015-07-01

    The ubiquitous distribution coupled with their carcinogenicity has raised public concerns on the potential risks to both human health and the ecosystem posed by the halogenated aromatic compounds (XAr). Recently, advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) have been increasingly favored as an "environmentally-green" technology for the remediation of such recalcitrant and highly toxic XAr. Here, we show that AOPs-mediated degradation of the priority pollutant pentachlorophenol and all other XAr produces an intrinsic chemiluminescence that directly depends on the generation of the extremely reactive hydroxyl radicals. We propose that the hydroxyl radical-dependent formation of quinoid intermediates and electronically excited carbonyl species is responsible for this unusual chemiluminescence production. A rapid, sensitive, simple, and effective chemiluminescence method was developed to quantify trace amounts of XAr and monitor their real-time degradation kinetics. These findings may have broad biological and environmental implications for future research on this important class of halogenated persistent organic pollutants. PMID:26009932

  9. A highly sensitive method for simultaneous determination of ultra trace levels of copper and cadmium in food and water samples with luminol as a chelating agent by adsorptive stripping voltammetry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shahryar Abbasi; Atousa Bahiraei; Freshteh Abbasai

    2011-01-01

    In the present study a selective method is presented for the simultaneous determination of copper and cadmium in food samples by adsorptive stripping voltammetry. In preliminary studies, it has been proven that the copper and cadmium react with 3-aminophthalhydrazide (luminol), giving rise to the formation of these complexes. These complexes have adsorptive characteristics on hanging mercury drop electrode (HMDE) and

  10. Lanthanide sensitized chemiluminescence determination of grepafloxacin in tablets and human urine

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. A Ocaña; M Callejón; F. J Barragán; F. F De la Rosa

    2003-01-01

    A flow-injection chemiluminescence (CL) method, based on the luminescent properties of the Ce(IV)–Na2SO3–lanthanide(III)–grepafloxacin system, was developed for the determination of grepafloxacin {1-cyclopropyl-6-fluoro-1,4-dihydro-5-methyl-7-(3-methyl-1-piperazinyl)-4-oxo-3-quinolinecarboxylic acid}. La(III), Tb(III), and Eu(III) ions were tested as possible chemiluminescence sensitizers. The best results were achieved when Tb(III) was used as lanthanide ion, so the technique was optimised working with this ion. Under the optimum experimental conditions,

  11. Characterization of the oxidant generation by inflammatory cells lavaged from rat lungs following acute exposure to ozone

    SciTech Connect

    Esterline, R.L.; Bassett, D.J.; Trush, M.A.

    1989-06-15

    Following exposure to 2 ppm ozone for 4 hr, two distinct effects on rat lung inflammatory cell oxidant generation were observed. TPA- and opsonized zymosan-stimulated superoxide production by the inflammatory cell population was found to be maximally inhibited 24 hr following ozone exposure. In contrast, luminol-amplified chemiluminescence increased 24 hr following ozone exposure, coinciding with an increase in the percentage of neutrophils and myeloperoxidase in the inflammatory cell population. Supporting the involvement of myeloperoxidase in the enhanced oxidant-generating status of these cells, the luminol-amplified chemiluminescence was found to be azide-, but not superoxide dismutase-inhibitable. Additionally, this cell population was found to generate taurine chloramines, a myeloperoxidase-dependent function which was absent prior to the ozone exposure and also demonstrated enhanced activation of benzo(a)pyrene-7,8-dihydrodiol to its light-emitting dioxetane intermediate. Addition of myeloperoxidase to control alveolar macrophages resulted in enhanced luminol-amplified chemiluminescence, taurine chloramine generation, and enhanced chemiluminescence from benzo(a)pyrene-7,8-dihydrodiol demonstrating that, in the presence of myeloperoxidase, alveolar macrophages are capable of supporting myeloperoxidase-dependent reactions. The possibility of such an interaction occurring in vivo is suggested by the detection of myeloperoxidase activity in the cell-free lavagates of ozone-exposed rats. These studies suggest that neutrophils recruited to ozone-exposed lungs alter the oxidant-generating capabilities in the lung which could further contribute to lung injury or to the metabolism of inhaled xenobiotics.

  12. Chemiluminescence: Measuring methods. (Latest citations from the NTIS data base). Published Search

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-10-01

    The bibliography contains citations concerning chemiluminescence assays. The citations include sample system design, sample collection, measurement techniques, and sensitivity of the instrumentation. Applications in high altitude air pollution studies are emphasized. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

  13. The Synthesis and Chemiluminescence of a Stable 1,2-Dioxetane.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meijer, E. W.; Wynberg, Hans

    1982-01-01

    Background information, laboratory procedures, and discussion of results are provided for the synthesis and chemiluminescence of adamantylideneadamantane-1,2-dioxetane (I). Results provided were obtained during a normal junior level organic laboratory course. All intermediates and products were identified using routine spectroscopic analysis.…

  14. Chemiluminescence: Measuring methods. (Latest citations from the NTIS bibliographic database). Published Search

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1996-05-01

    The bibliography contains citations concerning chemiluminescence assays. The citations include sample system design, sample collection, measurement techniques, and sensitivity of the instrumentation. Applications in high altitude air pollution studies are emphasized. (Contains 50-250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.) (Copyright NERAC, Inc. 1995)

  15. Chemiluminescence in the oxidation of uranium (IV) by xenon trioxide and its analytical possibilities

    SciTech Connect

    Khamidullina, L.A.; Lotnik, S.V.; Gusev, Yu.K.; Kazakov, V.P.

    1988-09-01

    This work is devoted to an investigation of the previously detected chemiluminescence in the oxidation of uranium (IV) by xenone trioxide and to evaluating the possibility of using it in determining nanogram quantities of U/sup (IV)/ in solution, including solutions containing a large excess of U/sup (VI)/.

  16. Evaluation of endotoxin (LPS) activity in bovine blood using neutrophil dependent chemiluminescence

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the applicability of a neutrophil chemiluminescence-based assay for the measurement of LPS stimulatory activity in bovine whole blood. The assay is based on the capacity for LPS to trigger the respiratory oxidative burst activity (RBA) of autologous neutroph...

  17. Rapid evaluation of N-glycosylation status of antibodies with chemiluminescent lectin-binding assay.

    PubMed

    Onitsuka, Masayoshi; Omasa, Takeshi

    2015-07-01

    We constructed an assay system for the rapid detection of the glycosylation status of antibodies with a chemiluminescence-based lectin-binding assay, and investigated the glycosylation dynamics during the culture of recombinant Chinese hamster ovary cells. This rapid detection system is applicable to the high-throughput evaluation of therapeutic glycoproteins. PMID:25548123

  18. Endotoxin activity in whole blood measured by neutrophil chemiluminescence is applicable to canine whole blood

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mads Kjelgaard-Hansen; Bo Wiinberg; Bent Aalbæk; Lisbeth Olsen; David Harris; Alexander Romaschin; Annemarie T. Kristensen; Asger L. Jensen

    2008-01-01

    The dog is widely used as a translational experimental model studying the host response and new treatments for human endotoxemia. The present study evaluated the applicability of a novel patient-near neutrophil chemiluminescence assay for the measurement of endotoxin activity in human blood when applied to canine blood samples. The assay was observed to be analytically sensitive and specific to endotoxin

  19. The effect of surgery and anesthetic agents on granulocyte-chemiluminescence in whole blood

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Heberer; A. M. Zbinden; M. Ernst; M. Dürig; F. Harder

    1985-01-01

    Summary The effect of anesthesia and major abdominal surgery on zymosan-induced chemiluminescence (CL) of neutrophil granulocytes was evaluated. CL was measured in diluted whole blood taken at distinct intervals within the perioperative period. In addition, blood samples from healthy volunteers were supplemented with ether and halothane to investigate the in vitro effect of these agents. The phagocytosis-induced CL was not

  20. Comparison of circulating phagocyte oxidative activity measured by chemiluminescence in whole blood and isolated polymorphonuclear leukocytes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steffi Kopprasch; J. Graessler; M. Kohl; S. Bergmann; H.-E. Schröder

    1996-01-01

    The generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was measured by chemiluminescence (CL) in whole blood and isolated polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNLs) in 113 subjects. There were no differences in ROS production in males and females, smokers and non-smokers and no age dependency. A significant correlation was found between whole blood CL parameters and between parameters derived from isolated cells, but there

  1. Comparison of biological activity of ischemic toxin and its effect on chemiluminescence of blood plasma

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yu. A. Vladimirov; G. S. Berezin; N. G. Fish; T. M. Oksman; M. V. Dalin; V. I. Olenev

    1981-01-01

    Previous investigations showed that during hemorrhagic shock and ischemia of individual organs (liver, small intestine) the intensity of chemiluminescence (CL) of blood plasma induced by Fe q-+ ions, due to the appearance of compounds of average molecular weight in the blood stream [2, 6], is depressed. On the other hand, substances with a molecular weight of about i0,000 daltons, with

  2. Use of a microtitre plate chemiluminescence reader to study surface phagocytosis by human monocytes.

    PubMed

    Cree, I A; Blair, A L; Beck, J S

    1989-01-01

    Human mononuclear cells were separated from freshly obtained peripheral venous blood by density centrifugation and the number of monocytes present estimated by volume spectroscopy. The mononuclear cells were then placed directly into the wells of a microtitre plate and incubated for one hour at 37 degrees C to promote adherence of the monocytes to the plastic wells. Non-adherent cells were then removed by washing, thus avoiding the need to treat the monocytes with EDTA or other reagents during cell preparation. The time course and dynamics of the chemiluminescence response of adherent monocytes towards opsonized zymosan was similar to those seen using non-adherent cells. The ability of adherent monocyte preparations to produce chemiluminescence following incubation for varying periods with T-lymphocyte conditioned medium was investigated. The use of a microtitre plate chemiluminescence reader allows several plates to be assayed over the 24-hour period and since small numbers of cells are required, many cultures can be analysed in one experiment. This technique (Patent applied for) promises to be a powerful tool for dissecting the cellular events which occur during macrophage activation and examining the effect of various lymphokines on the ability of monocytes to produce a chemiluminescence response. PMID:2728915

  3. Fabrication technology of chemiluminescent sensitive elements for rocket-borne ozone detectors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kononkov, V. A.; Lelikova, A. I.; Perov, S. P.

    Attention is given to the technology behind the fabrication of chemiluminescent sensitive elements for rocket-borne ozone detectors. High-silica microporous glass is the basic material required for these detectors. It is noted that the luminophor consists of rhodamine-C and gallic acid, and that the desired ratio of these components depends on the sensitivity of a particular specimen to ozone.

  4. Automated Flow-Injection Instrument for Chemiluminescence Detection Using a Low-Cost Photodiode Detector

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Economou, A.; Papargyris, D.; Stratis, J.

    2004-01-01

    The development of an FI analyzer for chemiluminescence detection using a low-cost photoiodide is presented. The experiment clearly demonstrates in a single interdisciplinary project the way in which different aspects in chemical instrumentation fit together to produce a working analytical system.

  5. Heat Release Calculation in a Turbulent Swirl Flame from Laser and Chemiluminescence Measurements

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Martin Lauer; Thomas Sattelmayer

    This study presents a method for calculating the spatially resolved, time or phase averaged heat release of an unconfined, turbulent methane-air swirl flame from laser optical and chemiluminescence measurements. For optimal optical access the perfectly premixed flame is operated unconfined. As a consequence the air- fuel ratio of the flame is not constant due to ambient air entrainment. Therefore, the

  6. Irradiation of Polyethylene in Presence of Several Additives as Studied by Chemiluminescence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Silviu Jipa; Radu Setnescu; Tanta Setnescu; Madalina Dumitru; Ion Mihalcea; Cornel Podina; Zenjiro Osawa

    1998-01-01

    The protecting effect against radiation induced oxidation of poly-ethylene provided by several additives, namely pyrene, Irganox 1222 and Irganox 1010 has been investigated by mean of FTIR spectroscopy and chemiluminescence (CL) technique. Pyrene appears to be more effective and more stable to irradiation than phenolic antioxidants. Thus, about half of initial pyrene seems to remain unchanged after an exposure of

  7. Laser-saturated fluorescence of nitric oxide and chemiluminescence measurements in premixed ethanol flames

    SciTech Connect

    Marques, Carla S.T.; Barreta, Luiz G.; Sbampato, Maria E.; dos Santos, Alberto M. [Aerothermodynamic and Hypersonic Division, Institute of Advanced Studies - General Command of Aerospatial Technology, Rodovia dos Tamoios, km 5.5, 12228-001 Sao Jose dos Campos - SP (Brazil)

    2010-11-15

    In this study, nitric oxide laser-saturated fluorescence (LSF) measurements were acquired from premixed ethanol flames at atmospheric pressure in a burner. NO-LSF experimental profiles for fuel-rich premixed ethanol flames ({phi} = 1.34 and {phi} = 1.66) were determined through the excitation/detection scheme of the Q{sub 2}(26.5) rotational line in the A{sup 2}{sigma}{sup +} - X{sup 2}{pi} (0,0) vibronic band and {gamma}(0,1) emission band. A calibration procedure by NO doping into the flame was applied to establish the NO concentration profiles in these flames. Chemiluminescent emission measurements in the (0, 0) vibronic emission bands of the OH{sup *} (A{sup 2}{sigma}{sup +} - X{sup 2}{pi}) and CH{sup *}(A{sup 2}{delta} - X{sup 2}{pi}) radicals were also obtained with high spatial and spectral resolution for fuel-rich premixed ethanol flames to correlate them with NO concentrations. Experimental chemiluminescence profiles and the ratios of the integrated areas under emission spectra (A{sub CH*}/A{sub CH*}(max.) and A{sub CH*}/A{sub OH*}) were determined. The relationships between chemiluminescence and NO concentrations were established along the premixed ethanol flames. There was a strong connection between CH{sup *} radical chemiluminescence and NO formation and the prompt-NO was identified as the governing mechanism for NO production. The results suggest the optimum ratio of the chemiluminescence of two radicals (A{sub CH*}/A{sub OH*}) for NO diagnostic purposes. (author)

  8. Development of a wireless, self-sustaining damage detection sensor system based on chemiluminescence for structural health monitoring

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kuang, K. S. C.

    2014-03-01

    A novel application of chemiluminescence resulting from the chemical reaction in a glow-stick as sensors for structural health monitoring is demonstrated here. By detecting the presence of light emitting from these glow-sticks, it is possible to develop a low-cost sensing device with the potential to provide early warning of damage in a variety of engineering applications such as monitoring of cracks or damage in concrete shear walls, detecting of ground settlement, soil liquefaction, slope instability, liquefaction-related damage of underground structure and others. In addition, this paper demonstrates the ease of incorporating wireless capability to the sensor device and the possibility of making the sensor system self-sustaining by means of a renewable power source for the wireless module. A significant advantage of the system compared to previous work on the use of plastic optical fibre (POF) for damage detection is that here the system does not require an electrically-powered light source. Here, the sensing device, embedded in a cement host, is shown to be capable of detecting damage. A series of specimens with embedded glow-sticks have been investigated and an assessment of their damage detection capability will be reported. The specimens were loaded under flexure and the sensor responses were transmitted via a wireless connection.

  9. Characterization and mitigation of water vapor effects in the measurement of ozone by chemiluminescence with nitric oxide

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boylan, P.; Helmig, D.; Park, J.-H.

    2014-05-01

    Laboratory experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of water vapor on the reaction of nitric oxide with ozone in a gas-phase chemiluminescence instrument used for fast response and high sensitivity detection of atmospheric ozone. Water vapor was introduced into a constant level ozone standard and both ozone and water vapor signals were recorded at 10 Hz. The presence of water vapor was found to reduce, i.e. quench, the ozone signal. A dimensionless correction factor was determined to be 4.15 ± 0.14 × 10-3, which corresponds to a 4.15% increase in the corrected ozone signal per 10 mmol mol-1 of co-sampled water vapor. An ozone-inert water vapor permeable membrane (a Nafion dryer with a counterflow of dry air from a compressed gas cylinder) was installed in the sampling line and was shown to remove the bulk of the water vapor in the sample air. At water vapor mole fractions above 25 mmol mol-1, the Nafion dryer removed over 75% of the water vapor in the sample. This reduced the required ozone signal correction from over 11% to less than 2.5%. The Nafion dryer was highly effective at reducing the fast fluctuations of the water vapor signal (more than 97%) while leaving the ozone signal unaffected, which is a crucial improvement for minimizing the quenching interference of water vapor fluxes and required density correction in the determination of ozone fluxes by the eddy covariance technique.

  10. In vitro effect of mercuric chloride and sodium selenite on chemiluminescent response of pronephros cells isolated from Tilapia, oreochromis aureus

    SciTech Connect

    Low, K.W.; Sin, Y.M. [National Univ. of Singapore, Kent Ridge (Singapore)

    1995-12-01

    Phagocytosis is a basic immunological function of mononuclear phagocytes and polymorphonuclear leukocytes. This process is a major defence mechanism in fish which involves recognition and killing of pathogenic microorganisms. It has been reported that phagocytic cells consume more oxygen and release several reactive oxygen species (ROS) during phagocytosis. This {open_quote}respiratory burst{close_quote} was first quantified by measuring the chemiluminescence (CL) emitted from human polymorphonuclear leukocytes and later in fish phagocytes. The oxygen intermediates responsible for this CL reaction include O{sub 2}{sup {minus}}, {center_dot}OH and H{sub 2}O{sub 2} which are also the major bactericidal agents in phagocytes{prime} oxygen-dependent killing process. Therefore, CL response can be used as an indicator of phagocytosis. This study is designed to examine the individual effects of mercury and selenium and also their possible interaction on CL response of fish pronephros phagocytes, because a defect in phagocytosis may predispose fish to diseases. 25 refs., 3 tabs.

  11. Detection of amplified VNTR alleles by direct chemiluminescence: application to the genetic identification of biological samples in forensic cases.

    PubMed

    Decorte, R; Cassiman, J J

    1991-01-01

    Minisatellite or variable number of tandem repeat (VNTR) regions contain such a high degree of polymorphism that they allow one to construct an individual-specific DNA "fingerprint". Analysis of these sequences by Southern blot however, consumes much DNA and is not applicable to degraded DNA samples often recovered from body-fluid stains found at crime scenes. The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique may overcome these problems. With oligonucleotide primers flanking the repeat region, amplification of the VNTR alleles followed by direct visualization on ethidium bromide-stained agarose gels is possible. In those cases were the PCR yield is too low for direct visualization, the product can be blotted to a nylon membrane and hybridized with a labelled internal probe. Alternatively, the PCR product can be biotinylated during amplification and visualized by direct chemiluminescence after Southern transfer. The remarkable sensitivity of the PCR technique has allowed the detection of genetic polymorphisms in single cells, hair roots and single sperm. A drawback of this very high sensitivity however is that special precautions have to be taken to prevent accidental contamination resulting in erroneous interpretation of the results. PMID:1831164

  12. Free Radicals and Chemiluminescence as Products of the Spontaneous Oxidation of Sulfide in Seawater, and Their Biological Implications

    PubMed Central

    TAPLEY, DAVID W.; BUETTNER, GARRY R.; SHICK, J. MALCOLM

    2014-01-01

    The discovery of symbioses between marine invertebrates and sulfide-oxidizing bacteria at deep-sea hydrothermal vents and in other high-sulfide marine environments has stimulated research into the adaptations of metazoans to potentially toxic concentrations of sulfide. Most of these studies have focused on a particular action of sulfide—its disruption of aerobic metabolism by the inhibition of mitochondrial respiration—and on the adaptations of sulfide-tolerant animals to avoid this toxic effect (1). We propose that sulfidic environments impose another, hitherto overlooked type of toxicity: exposure to free radicals of oxygen, which may be produced during the spontaneous oxidation of sulfide, thus imposing an oxidative stress. Here we present evidence that oxygen- and sulfur-centered free radicals are produced during the oxidation of sulfide in seawater, and we propose a reaction pathway for sulfide oxidation that is consistent with our observations. We also show that chemiluminescence at visible wavelengths occurs during sulfide oxidation, providing a possible mechanism for the unexplained light emission from hydrothermal vents (2, 3). PMID:25575385

  13. Single and multiplexed immunoassays for the chemiluminescent imaging detection of animal glues in historical paint cross-sections.

    PubMed

    Sciutto, G; Dolci, L S; Guardigli, M; Zangheri, M; Prati, S; Mazzeo, R; Roda, A

    2013-01-01

    The characterization of the organic components in a complex, multilayered paint structure is fundamental for studying painting techniques and for authentication and restoration purposes. Proteinaceous materials, such as animal glue, are of particular importance since they are widely used as binders, adhesives and for gilding. Even though proteins are usually detected by chromatographic and proteomic techniques, immunological methods represent an alternative powerful approach to protein analysis thanks to the high specificity of antigen-antibody reactions. Our previous studies demonstrated that ovalbumin and casein could be localized in paint cross-sections with high sensitivity and good spatial resolution (i.e. within the single painting layers) by using chemiluminescent (CL) immunochemical microscope imaging. In the present research work, we describe for the first time the immunolocalization of collagen (the main protein of animal glue) in paint cross-sections by CL imaging microscopy. Two different analytical protocols have been developed, allowing either the detection of collagen or the simultaneous detection of collagen and ovalbumin in the same paint sample. The assays were used to detect collagen and ovalbumin in cross-sections from model samples and historical paintings (a wall painting dated to 1773-1774 and a painted wood panel of the Renaissance period) in order to achieve information on paint techniques and past restoration interventions. PMID:23064674

  14. Silver nanoparticles enhanced a novel TCPO-H2O2-safranin O chemiluminescence system for determination of 6-mercaptopurine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Biparva, Pourya; Abedirad, Seyed Mohammad; Kazemi, Sayed Yahya

    2015-06-01

    The present study deals with first attempt to introduce safranin O as the fluorophore for peroxyoxalate chemiluminescence system. The reaction of bis-(2,4,6-trichlorophenyl) oxalate (TCPO) with H2O2 catalyzed by silver nanoparticles can transfer energy to safranin O via the formation of dioxetanedione intermediate and emits orange-red light. The relationship between CL intensity and the concentration of TCPO, fluorophore, hydrogen peroxide and nanocatalyst was investigated. The Ag nanoparticles were synthesized by chemical reduction method and characterized using scanning electron microscopy, particle size analyzer and UV-spectroscopy. Moreover, the system was applied successfully to detect a drug, 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) in pharmaceuticals. Under optimum conditions, a linear working range for 6-MP concentrations from 5.5 × 10-7 to 5.5 × 10-5 mol L-1 (r > 0.9831, n = 6) was obtained with a detection limit of 1.6 × 10-7 mol L-1. The relative standard deviation for 6 repetitive determinations was less than 3.8% and recoveries of 98% and 103% were obtained.

  15. Synthesis of PbS/PbI2 nanocomposites in mixed solvent and their composition-dependent electrogenerated chemiluminescence performance.

    PubMed

    Liu, Suli; Zhang, Long; Li, Yanrong; Han, Min; Dai, Zhihui; Bao, Jianchun

    2014-08-18

    PbS/PbI2 nanocomposites were prepared by choosing K[PbI3] as both a lead salt and an iodide precursor and acetone/water as a reaction medium. It was found that the amount of the PbI2 component could be controlled, to some extent, by varying the amount of water used. Further, this simple bicomponent precursor-based synthetic route can be extended to prepare other lead-containing nanocomposites such as Pb3O4/PbI2 and PbSe/PbI2. Because of the heavy-atom effect, PbS/PbI2 nanocomposites exhibited good and composition-dependent electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL) performance, demonstrating their potential in the development of novel ECL sensors for analytical and clinical applications. These interesting findings would encourage us to gain deep insight on these phenomena, which could lead to the further development of these new inorganic materials and their applications. PMID:25083825

  16. Chemiluminescence response of beta-glucan stimulated leukocytes isolated from different tissues and peritoneal cavity of Dicentrarchus labrax.

    PubMed

    Vazzana, Mirella; Parrinello, Daniela; Cammarata, Matteo

    2003-05-01

    The respiratory burst of leukocytes isolated from sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) pronephros, peritoneal cavity (P.C.), spleen and blood, was measured by a chemiluminescence (CL) assay after stimulation with beta-glucan. The CL response by P.C. and pronephros leukocytes was significantly higher than that expressed by a similar number of cells separated from spleen and blood. This probably reflects the observation that the proportion of macrophages and neutrophils was highest in the populations of leukocytes from peritoneal cavity and pronephros. Comparative observations showed a higher degree of yeast phagocytosis by leukocytes taken from peritoneal cavity than the pronephros. Moreover phagocytic index evaluated by microscopical observations, indicated that peritoneal macrophages internalised more yeast cells than neutrophils (identified by the peroxidase reaction). Scanning electron microscopy observations were also carried out. Inhibition experiments by a myeloperoxidase inhibitor sodium azide, iodonium-diphenyl-chloride which inhibits NADPH-oxidase, and exogenous superoxide dismutase, which catalyses O-2 dismutation to H(2)O(2), supported the correlation between CL and respiratory burst. Treatment with ouabain and DNP suggested that in this response, Ca(++) pump channels and calmodulin are involved in a metabolic energy-dependent pathway. PMID:12711275

  17. Enhancing effect of melatonin on chemiluminescence accompanying decomposition of hydrogen peroxide in the presence of copper.

    PubMed

    K?adna, Aleksandra; Aboul-Enein, Hassan Y; Kruk, Irena

    2003-06-15

    The oxidation of melatonin (MEL) using the Cu(II) + H(2)O(2) + HO(-) (the Fenton-like reaction) system was investigated by chemiluminescence (CL), fluorescence, spectrophotometric, and EPR spin trapping techniques. The reaction exhibits CL in the 400-730 nm region. The light emission from the Fenton-like reaction was greatly enhanced in the presence of MEL and was strongly dependent on its concentration. The spectrum measured with cut-off filters revealed maxima at around 460, 500, 580-590, 640-650, and 690-700 nm. The band at 460 nm may be due to the excited cleavage product, N(1)-acetyl-N(2)-formyl-5-methoxykynuramine, whereas the bands at 500, 580-590, 640-650, and 700 nm were similar to those observed for singlet molecular oxygen ((1)O(2)). The effect of reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavengers on the light emission was studied. The CL was strongly inhibited by the (1)O(2) scavengers in a dose-dependent manner; at concentration 1 mM the potency of (1)O(2) scavenging was 5,5-dimethylcyclohexandione-1,3 > methionine > histidine > hydroquinone. The potency of HO(*) scavenging by thiourea, tryptophan, cysteine at concentration 5 mM was 79-94%, by 1 mM glutathione and trolox 75 and 94%, respectively, and by 10 mM cimetidine 18%. Specific acceptors of O(2)(*)(-) such as p-nitroblue tetrazolium chloride and 4,5-dihydroxy-1,3-benzene disulfonic acid (tiron) at concentration 5 mM decreased the CL by 51 and 95%, respectively, whereas superoxide dismutase (SOD) does not reduce the emission at concentration 2.8 U/ml. At higher concentration SOD substantially enhanced the light emission. Addition of 1360 U/ml catalase and 100 microM desferrioxamine strongly inhibited CL (96 and 90%, respectively). The increased generation of (1)O(2) from the Cu/H(2)O(2) system in the presence of MEL was confirmed using the spectrophotometric method based on the bleaching of p-nitrosodimethylaniline and by trapping experiments with 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine (TEMP) and subsequent electron paramagnetic (EPR) spectroscopy. These findings suggest the increased production of reactive oxygen species (O(2)(*)(-), HO(*), (1)O(2)) from the Fenton-like reaction in the presence of MEL. This means that the hormone is not able to act as classical chain-breaking antioxidant even at low concentration, and may show clear prooxidant activity at higher concentrations. In addition, long-lived carbonyl product of the MEL transformation in the triplet state can also be toxic by transferring its energy to organelles and causing a photochemical process. PMID:12788474

  18. OH* Chemiluminescence: Pressure Dependence of O + H + M = OH* + M

    E-print Network

    Donato, Nicole

    2011-02-22

    . ...................................................... 24? Figure 10. A local sensitivity analysis with respect to OH* shows the most important reaction at the peak is R1: O + H + M = OH* + M at 1546K, 10.3 atm. For clarity, only the most influential reactions are shown...* concentration due to the change in rate of the given reaction. Figure 10 is a representative case where the local sensitivity analysis was performed at 1546 K, 10.3 atm. Positive values on the sensitivity plot lead to increased production of OH*, where...

  19. A chemiluminescent-western blot assay for quantitative detection of Plasmodium falciparum circumsporozoite protein.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Sanjai; Zheng, Hong; Sangweme, Davison T; Mahajan, Babita; Kozakai, Yukiko; Pham, Phuong T; Morin, Merribeth J; Locke, Emily; Kumar, Nirbhay

    2013-04-30

    Highly sensitive and reliable assays based on the quantitation of immunologically relevant component(s) in recombinant or whole parasite-based vaccines would facilitate pre-clinical and clinical phases and the monitoring of malaria vaccine deployment. Here we report a laboratory-grade Western Blot assay for quantitative detection of Plasmodium falciparum circumsporozoite protein (PfCSP) in P. falciparum sporozoite (PfSPZ) and in recombinant (rPfCSP) product. This assay is based on the immuno-reactivity of an anti-P. falciparum CSP monoclonal antibody (mAb 2A10) with the NANP-repeat units on PfCSP. The antigen-antibody complex is detected by reaction with a commercially obtained chemiluminescence-linked Immunodetection system. The linear range for detecting the recombinant P. falciparum CSP (rPfCSP) in this assay is 3-12pg (R(2)=0.9399). The range for detecting the day 15 salivary-gland PfSPZ is between 0.0625 and 1 parasite (R(2)=0.9448) and approximately 10.0pg of PfCSP was detected on each sporozoite. The assay was highly reproducible in measuring the PfCSP on PfSPZ. The inter-assay Coefficient of Variation (CV%) was 10.31% while the intra-assay CV% on three different days was 6.05%, 2.03% and 1.42% respectively. These results suggest that this ECL-WB assay is highly sensitive and robust with a low degree of inter-assay and intra-assay variations. To our knowledge, this is the most sensitive immunoassay for the detection of a recombinant or native malarial protein and may have a wider range of applications including the quantification of immunological component(s) in a vaccine formulation, determination of the antigenic integrity in adjuvanted-vaccine and in stability studies. In addition, this assay can be applied to measure the mosquito infectivity in malaria transmission areas and to determine the effects of intervention measures on malaria transmission. PMID:23399449

  20. HPLC separation of amines with a zirconia-based column coupled to a gas- phase chemiluminescence nitrogen specific detector (CLND) 

    E-print Network

    Salinas, Silvia Adriana

    2004-09-30

    Gas phase chemiluminescence nitrogen specific detector (CLND)is used for the direct analysis of underivatized nitrogen-containing components such as alkylamines that can not be detected by the so called universal HPLC detector, the UV detector...

  1. On use of CO{sub 2} chemiluminescence for combustion metrics in natural gas fired reciprocating engines.

    SciTech Connect

    Gupta, S. B.; Bihari, B.; Biruduganti, M.; Sekar, R.; Zigan, J. (Energy Systems); (Cummins Technical Center)

    2011-01-01

    Flame chemiluminescence is widely acknowledged to be an indicator of heat release rate in premixed turbulent flames that are representative of gas turbine combustion. Though heat release rate is an important metric for evaluating combustion strategies in reciprocating engine systems, its correlation with flame chemiluminescence is not well studied. To address this gap an experimental study was carried out in a single-cylinder natural gas fired reciprocating engine that could simulate turbocharged conditions with exhaust gas recirculation. Crank angle resolved spectra (266-795 nm) of flame luminosity were measured for various operational conditions by varying the ignition timing for MBT conditions and by holding the speed at 1800 rpm and Brake Mean effective Pressure (BMEP) at 12 bar. The effect of dilution on CO*{sub 2}chemiluminescence intensities was studied, by varying the global equivalence ratio (0.6-1.0) and by varying the exhaust gas recirculation rate. It was attempted to relate the measured chemiluminescence intensities to thermodynamic metrics of importance to engine research -- in-cylinder bulk gas temperature and heat release rate (HRR) calculated from measured cylinder pressure signals. The peak of the measured CO*{sub 2} chemiluminescence intensities coincided with peak pressures within {+-}2 CAD for all test conditions. For each combustion cycle, the peaks of heat release rate, spectral intensity and temperature occurred in that sequence, well separated temporally. The peak heat release rates preceded the peak chemiluminescent emissions by 3.8-9.5 CAD, whereas the peak temperatures trailed by 5.8-15.6 CAD. Such a temporal separation precludes correlations on a crank-angle resolved basis. However, the peak cycle heat release rates and to a lesser extent the peak cycle temperatures correlated well with the chemiluminescent emission from CO*{sub 2}. Such observations point towards the potential use of flame chemiluminescence to monitor peak bulk gas temperatures as well as peak heat release rates in natural gas fired reciprocating engines.

  2. Stimulation of Ca2+-dependent chemiluminescence in rat polymorphonuclear leucocytes by polystyrene beads and the non-lytic action of complement.

    PubMed Central

    Hallett, M B; Luzio, J P; Campbell, A K

    1981-01-01

    (1) Chemiluminenscence of rat polymorphonuclear leukocytes was stimulated by a phagocytic stimulus, latex beads (diameter = 1.01 micrometer). The maximum chemiluminescent intensity increased with bead concentration in the range 0.2--20 x 10(9) beads/ml. This response was abolished in the absence of extracellular Ca2+ (1 mM EGTA). (2) Chemiluminescence could also be stimulated by the Ca2+ ionophore A23187 in the presence of extra-cellular calcium. (3) Addition of human serum, as a source of complement, to rat polymorphonuclear leukocytes preincubated with anti-5'-nucleotidase serum resulted in a rapid stimulation of chemiluminescence, after a lag of about 40 s. (4) The stimulation of chemiluminescence by antibody plus complement was not the result of cell lysis because (i) no significant release of lactate dehydrogenase was detected at the time of the chemiluminescent response (ii) chemiluminescence was associated with the cells and not the surrounding media (iii) cell lysis did not produce chemiluminescence. (5) Chemiluminescence stimulated by antibody plus complement or by beads was inhibited by the 'calmodulin-blocker', trifluoperazine (50% inhibiton with approximately 20--30 microM). (6) Cu2+ (10(-4) M), which can inhibit C9 action, inhibited the rapid rise in chemiluminescence induced by antibody plus complement, but not the bead-induced chemiluminescence. (7) Depletion of C9 from human serum markedly inhibited the complement induced chemiluminescence response. Addition of purified C9 restored the response. (8) It was concluded that formation of the terminal complement attack complex at the surface of rat polymorphonuclear leucocytes induces a Ca2+-dependent chemiluminescence in the cells, in the absence of cell lysis. PMID:7319554

  3. Determination of hydrogen peroxide by flow injection analysis with aryl oxalate-sulforhodamine 101 chemiluminescence

    SciTech Connect

    Katayama, M.; Takeuchi, H.; Tanigchi, H. (Meiji Coll. of Pharmacy, Tokyo (Japan))

    1991-06-01

    A flow injection analysis (FIA) method for the determination of hydrogen peroxide by aryl oxalate chemiluminescence detection was studied. The analyte was detected by using sulforhodamine 101 as a new fluorophore and bis (4-nitro-2-(3,6,9-trioxadecyloxycarbonyl)phenyl)oxalate (TDPO) in imidazole buffer (pH 7.0)-acetonitrile. The detection limit was 3.0 {times} 10{sup {minus}9}M. The relative standard deviation (n=6) for 1.0 {times} 10{sup {minus}6} M hydrogen peroxide was 2.8%. This FIA method was shown to be 20 to 2,500 times more sensitive than the previous FIA method with aryl oxalate chemiluminescence.

  4. Determination of glyphosate in foodstuff by one novel chemiluminescence-molecular imprinting sensor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhao, Peini; Yan, Mei; Zhang, Congcong; Peng, Ruixue; Ma, Dongsheng; Yu, Jinghua

    2011-05-01

    A novel chemiluminescence (CL) sensor for the determination of glyphosate (GLY) was made up based on molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP). The molecularly imprinted microspheres (MIMs) with a small dimension which possess extremely high surface-to-volume ratio were synthesized using precipitation polymerization with GLY as template. And then the MIMs were modified on glass sheets, which were placed at the bottom of wells of microplate as the recognizer. Subsequently, a highly selective and high throughput chemiluminescence (CL)-molecular imprinting (MI) sensor for detection of GLY was achieved. Influencing factors were investigated and optimized in detail. The method can perform 96 independent measurements sequentially in 10 min and the limit of detection (LOD) for GLY was 0.046 ?g mL -1. The relative standard deviation (RSD) for 11 parallel measurements of GLY was 4.68%. The results show that CL-MI sensor can become a useful analytical technology for quick molecular recognition.

  5. Chemiluminescence vs. Kjeldahl determination of nitrogen in oil shale retort waters and organonitrogen compounds

    SciTech Connect

    Jones, B.M.; Daughton, C.G.

    1985-10-01

    The applicability of combustion/chemiluminescent nitrogen analysis to quantifying nitrogen in oil shale wastewaters and various representative chemical classes was demonstrated. Only azoxy compounds and those containing the pyrazole nucleus were not amenable to analysis. The majority of 56 compounds tested yielded from 90% to 110% of their theoretical nitrogen contents: enhanced recovery was found for nitrogen oxide salts. For 12 oil shale wastewaters, combustion/chemiluminescence gave total nitrogen values (1100-28800 mg/L) that did not differ statistically (P > 0.10) from those obtained by the time-consuming wet-chemical Kjeldahl method. The relative standard deviations for ten matrix or solvent effects were found. 28 references, 1 figure, 3 tables.

  6. A novel gaseous ester sensor utilizing chemiluminescence on nano-sized SiO 2

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yayan Wu; Sichun Zhang; Na Na; Xin Wang; Xinrong Zhang

    2007-01-01

    A gaseous sensor for ester vapors has been developed based on their chemiluminescence (CL) on the surface of nano-sized SiO2 in an airflow. The luminescence characteristics and the optimal conditions for the determination of ethyl acetate by the sensor are investigated. Under the optimized conditions, the linear range of the CL intensity versus the concentration of ethyl acetate vapor is

  7. Chemiluminescence in a Macrophage Cell Line Modulated by Biological Response Modifiers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jeff Tosk; Benjamin H. S. Lau; Paul Lui; A. Craig Myers; Robert R. Torrey

    1989-01-01

    We have studied a murine macrophage cell line, J774, and found these cells capable of a zymosan-trlggered chemiluminescent oxidative burst. Such activity was enhanced by preincubatlon with Corynebacterlum parvum (CP), bacIllus Caimette-Guerln, and ii- popoiysaccharide (LPS). Under similar conditions, CP and LPS were shown to enhance J774-medlated tumor cell lysis. We have also demonstrated that murine Interferon a + f?

  8. Effect of serotonin on the chemiluminescence response of rat peripheral blood leucocytes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thierry Vial; Rosine Tedone; Caroline Patriarca; Jacques Descotes

    1995-01-01

    Serotonin (5-HT) has been shown to exert various immunomodulatory effects. In this study, the effects of 5-HT, 5-hydroxy-DL-tryptophan (5-HTP) and dl-p-chlorophenylalanine (PCPA) on the chemiluminescence (CL) responses of rat peripheral blood leucocytes (PBL) activated by phorbol myristate acetate (PMA), opsonized zymosan or latex beads were assessed. The CL responses were measured following in vitro treatment with 0.01-100 ?M 5-HT, and

  9. Chemiluminescence response of human blood mononuclear cells to PHA and histamine

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. Merétey; U. Böhm; A. Falus

    1983-01-01

    Phytohaemagglutinin (PHA) elicited a short early chemiluminescence (CL) response of human blood mononuclear cells with a maximum at 2.5 min. The magnitude of the CL production was a function of the PHA concentration used. The CL response could be dose-dependently inhibited by histamine. In the presence of mepyramine the action of histamine was more pronounced while a dose-dependent reversal of

  10. Neutrophil adherence, phagocytic-nitroblue tetrazolium reduction and chemiluminescence in canine whole blood

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. Nagahata; T. Sako; J. A. Reiter; S. P. Dibartola; C. G. Couto; G. J. Kociba

    1991-01-01

    Methods for measuring neutrophil adherence, phagocytic-nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT) reducing activity and chemiluminescence were applied to canine whole blood as means for routine assessment of neutrophil functions. The phagocytic-NBT reduction test appeared to be useful for monitoring the NBT reducing activity of phagocytic cells associated with phagocytic functions. Ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid suppressed both the adherence and the phagocytic-NBT reducing activity

  11. An ultra-weak chemiluminescence study on oxidative stress in rabbits following acute thermal injury

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jui-Sheng Sun; Yang-Hwei Tsuang; I-Jen Chen; Wan-Ching Huang; Yi-Shiong Hang; Fung-Jou Lu

    1998-01-01

    It is not easy to detect oxygen free radicals directly because of their very short half-life. In the present study, a sensitive ultra-weak chemiluminescence detector was used to detect the generation of oxygen free radicals following thermal injury. Twelve New Zealand white rabbits were used in this study. After anesthesia, the bilateral hind-limbs were exposed to 100°C water for 30

  12. Decomposition in HTPB bonded HMX followed by heat generation rate and chemiluminescence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    F. Käser; M. A. Bohn

    2009-01-01

    The decomposition in HTPB bonded HMX was characterized with two highly sensitive methods: heat flow microcalorimetry (HFMC)\\u000a and Chemiluminescence (CL). The material is stabilized with a phenolic antioxidant. The heat generation (HFMC) rate was determined\\u000a from 120 to 150 °C using a TAM™ microcalorimeter and the oxidation of the substance was followed by the CL emission between\\u000a 100 and 140 °C directly

  13. Chemiluminescence as a condition monitoring method for thermal aging and lifetime prediction of an HTPB elastomer

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Celina; A. B. Trujillo; K. T. Gillen; L. M. Minier

    2006-01-01

    Chemiluminescence (CL) has been applied as a condition monitoring technique to assess aging related changes in a hydroxyl-terminated-polybutadiene based polyurethane elastomer. Initial thermal aging of this polymer was conducted between 110 and 50°C. Two CL methods were applied to examine the degradative changes that had occurred in these aged samples: isothermal “wear-out” experiments under oxygen yielding initial CL intensity and

  14. Characterization of thermo-oxidative stability of polymer optical fibers using chemiluminescence technique

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anilkumar Appajaiah; Volker Wachtendorf; Werner Daum

    2006-01-01

    The thermo-oxidative stability of commercially available polymer optical fibers (POFs) and their components (cores and claddings) was investigated. All the bare POFs (core and cladding only) studied here were based on poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) core. The fibers were exposed to 100°C\\/low humidity for about 4200h. Chemiluminescence (CL) technique was applied to investigate the thermo-oxidative stability and for measuring the transmission

  15. Chemiluminescence-based pesticide biosensor utilizing the intelligent evolved properties of the enzyme alkaline phosphatase

    SciTech Connect

    Ayyagari, M.; Kamtekar, S.; Pande, R.; Marx, K.; Kumar, J.

    1994-12-31

    A methodology is described for immobilizing the enzyme alkaline phosphatase onto a glass surface using a novel biotinylated copolymer, poly(3-undecylthiophene-co-3- methanoithiophene). A streptavidin conjugate of alkaline phosphatase is used in this study. The biotinylated polymer is attached to the silanized glass surface via hydrophobic interactions and the enzyme is interfaced with the polymer through the classical biotin- streptavidin interaction. Alkaline phosphatase catalyzes the dephosphorylation of a macrocyclic compound, chloro-3-(4-methoxy spiro) (1,2 dioxetane-3-2`-tricyclo-) (3.3.1.1 )-(decani-4-yl) phenyl phosphate, to a species which emits energy by chemiluminescence. This chemiluminescence signal can be detected with a photomultiplier tube for enzymatic catalysis with the biocatalyst both in solution and immobilized on a glass surface. The signal generation is inhibited by the organophosphorus based insecticides such as paraoxon as well as nerve agents. We demonstrate in this study that a number of organophosphorus based insecticides inhibit the enzyme-mediated generation of chemiluminescence signal. This is true for the enzyme conjugate both free in solution and immobilized on a glass surface. In solution, the inhibition resembles the case of a partially uncompetitive system. By this type of inhibition we are able to detect pesticides down to about 50 ppb for the enzyme in solution. The pesticide detection limit of immobilized enzyme is currently being investigated. The enzyme is capable of a number of measurement cycles without significant loss of signal level.

  16. Analysis of chemiluminescence measurements by grey-scale ICCD and colour digital cameras

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Migliorini, F.; Maffi, S.; De Iuliis, S.; Zizak, G.

    2014-05-01

    Spectral, grey-scale and colour chemiluminescence measurements of C2* and CH* radicals' emission are carried out on the flame front of a methane-air premixed flame at different equivalence ratios. To this purpose, properly spatially resolved optical equipment has been implemented in order to reduce the background emission from other burned gas regions. The grey-scale (ICCD + interference filters) and RGB colour (commercial digital camera) approaches have been compared in order to find a correspondence between the C2* and the green component, as well as the CH* and the blue component of the emission intensities. The C2*/CH* chemiluminescence ratio has been investigated at different equivalence ratios and a good correlation has been obtained, showing the possibility of sensing the equivalence ratio in practical systems. The grey-scale and colour chemiluminescence analysis has then been applied to a meso-scale not premixed swirl combustor fuelled with a methane-air mixture and operating at 0.3 MPa. 2D results are presented and discussed in this work.

  17. Regulation of monocyte oxidative metabolism: chemotactic factor enhancement of superoxide release, hydroxyl radical generation, and chemiluminescence

    SciTech Connect

    Janco, R.L.; English, D.

    1983-12-01

    Human peripheral blood mononuclear cells exposed to the synthetic chemotactic factor n-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (FMLP) were enhanced in their ability to generate superoxide anion (O/sub 2//sup -/), hydroxyl radical (OH), and chemiluminescence when later exposed to phorbol myristate acetate (PMA). When compared to oxidative responses of cells treated with PMA alone, the degree of enhancement by pretreatment with FMLP was 1.85-fold for O/sub 2//sup -/ generation, 1.73-fold for OH production, and 1.34-fold for chemiluminescence. Similarly, pretreatment of mononuclear leukocytes with 5% zymosan-activated serum also enhanced subsequent oxidative responses of cells exposed to PMA. FMLP did not enhance subsequent O/sub 2//sup -/ release or chemiluminescence by mononuclear leukocytes stimulated by opsonized zymosan or 20 mM sodium fluoride (F/sup -/), demonstrating that the O/sub 2//sup -/ generating system of monocytes stimulated by phagocytosis or F/sup -/ is not susceptible to chemotactic factor regulation in a manner similar to the system stimulated by PMA. The latter system, like that of neutrophils, is susceptible to regulation by cellular processes activated during an initial encounter with chemoattractants. These processes may provide a mechanism to amplify oxidative responses at sites of infection or inflammation, leading to enhanced efficiency of microbial activity or increased tissue damage in vivo. 34 references, 2 figures, 2 tables.

  18. A competitive chemiluminescence enzyme immunoassay for rapid and sensitive determination of enrofloxacin.

    PubMed

    Yu, Fei; Wu, Yongjun; Yu, Songcheng; Zhang, Huili; Zhang, Hongquan; Qu, Lingbo; Harrington, Peter de B

    2012-07-01

    With alkaline phosphatase (ALP)-adamantane (AMPPD) system as the chemiluminescence (CL) detection system, a highly sensitive, specific and simple competitive chemiluminescence enzyme immunoassay (CLEIA) was developed for the measurement of enrofloxacin (ENR). The physicochemical parameters, such as the chemiluminescent assay mediums, the dilution buffer of ENR-McAb, the volume of dilution buffer, the monoclonal antibody concentration, the incubation time, and other relevant variables of the immunoassay have been optimized. Under the optimal conditions, the detection linear range of 350-1000 pg/mL and the detection limit of 0.24 ng/mL were provided by the proposed method. The relative standard deviations were less than 15% for both intra and inter-assay precision. This method has been successfully applied to determine ENR in spiked samples with the recovery of 103%-96%. It showed that CLEIA was a good potential method in the analysis of residues of veterinary drugs after treatment of related diseases. PMID:22472132

  19. Immobilization strategies of Brucella particles on optical fibers for use in chemiluminescence immunosensors.

    PubMed

    Liebes, Yael; Amir, Liron; Marks, Robert S; Banai, Menachem

    2009-11-15

    Immunosensors are powerful analytical tools in clinical and veterinary diagnostics. This has led us to design a chemiluminescent immunosensor aimed at identifying anti-Brucella antibodies using optical fibers as the transducer. In order to develop the optimal transducer, to achieve an optimal chemical modification thereby allowing an optimal covalent binding of the protein receptor, several cleaning strategies and silane coupling agents were investigated. Brucella killed organisms were used as a model receptor for quantifying anti-Brucella IgG antibodies in a suspension compared to conventional colorimetric and chemiluminescent ELISA. A silane-benzophenone derivative was selected as the best performing silane coupling agent: the optical fiber immunosensor (OFIS) has showed the lowest limit of detection at 0.207 microg/ml, compared to 0.828 microg/ml and 0.414 microg/ml achieved by colorimetric and chemiluminescent ELISAs, respectively. These results, together with the additional advantages of rapidity, lower reagent volumes and moderate operating conditions, have set the grounds for further study in order to adapt this platform for on-site diagnostics of brucellosis disease markers. PMID:19782234

  20. Simultaneous determination of copper(II) and cobalt(II) by ion chromatography coupled with chemiluminescent detection.

    PubMed

    Lu, Chao; Lin, Jin-Ming; Huie, Carmen W; Yamada, Masaaki

    2003-04-01

    In the absence of any special luminescent reagents, a weakly chemiluminescent emission was observed during the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide, catalyzed by transition-metal ions, such as Cu(II) and Co(II), in basic aqueous solution. The chemiluminescent intensity was significantly enhanced by the addition of ethyldimethylcetylammonium bromide and uranine. The signal-to-noise ratio (S/N) was proportional to the concentrations of Cu(II) and Co(II). Based on these phenomena, a flow-injection chemiluminescent method for the simultaneous separation and determination of Cu(II) and Co(II) was developed. The detection limits of the present chemiluminescent method for Cu(II) and Co(II) were 7.5 and 0.01 ng/ml, respectively. After ion chromatographic separation of Cu(II) and Co(II) by an IonPac CS5A column with oxalic acid and lithium hydroxide monohydrate as the eluent, the present chemiluminescent system was used as a post-column detector for these two transition metal ions in natural water samples. PMID:12725391