Science.gov

Sample records for lutetium 157

  1. Nuclear data sheets for A = 157

    SciTech Connect

    Helmer, R. G.

    1996-06-01

    The experimental results from the various reaction and decay studies leading to nuclides in the A=157 mass chain have been reviewed. These data are summarized and presented, together with adopted level schemes and properties. Data is presented for isotopes of dysprosium, erbium, europium, gadolinium, hafnium, holmium, lutetium, promethium, samarium, tantalum, terbium, thulium, ytterbium, and neodymium. 301 refs.

  2. Lutetium Oxide Coatings by PVD

    PubMed Central

    Topping, Stephen G; Park, CH; Rangan, SK; Sarin, VK

    2009-01-01

    Due to its high density and cubic structure, Lutetium oxide (Lu2O3) has been extensively researched for scintillating applications. Present manufacturing methods, such as hot pressing and sintering, do not provide adequate resolution due to light scattering of polycrystalline materials. Vapor deposition has been investigated as an alternative manufacturing method. Lutetium oxide transparent optical coatings by magnetron sputtering offer a means of tailoring the coating for optimum scintillation and resolution. Sputter deposited coatings typically have inherent stress and defects that adversely affect transparency and emission. The effect of process parameters on the coating properties is being investigated via x-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and emission spectroscopy, and will be presented and discussed. PMID:20390046

  3. Selective photoionisation of lutetium isotopes

    SciTech Connect

    D'yachkov, Aleksei B; Kovalevich, S K; Labozin, Valerii P; Mironov, Sergei M; Panchenko, Vladislav Ya; Firsov, Valerii A; Tsvetkov, G O; Shatalova, G G

    2012-10-31

    A three-stage laser photoionisation scheme intended for enriching the {sup 176}Lu isotope from natural lutetium was considered. An investigation was made of the hyperfine structure of the second excited state 5d6s7s {yields} {sup 4}D{sub 3/2} with an energy of 37194 cm{sup -1} and the autoionisation state with an energy of 53375 cm{sup -1} of the {sup 176}Lu and {sup 175}Lu isotopes. The total electron momentum of the autoionisation level and the constant A of hyperfine magnetic interaction were determined. Due to a small value of the isotopic shift between {sup 176}Lu and {sup 175}Lu, appreciable selectivity of their separation may be achieved with individual hyperfine structure components. The first tentative enrichment of the 176Lu isotope was performed to a concentration of 60 % - 70 %. (laser applications and other topics in quantum electronics)

  4. Lutetium +: A better clock candidate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arnold, Kyle; Paez, Eduardo; Haciyev, Elnur; Arifin, Arifin; Cazan, Radu; Barrett, Murray

    2015-05-01

    With the extreme precision now reached by optical clocks it is reasonable to consider redefinition of the frequency standard. In doing so it is important to look beyond the current best-case efforts and have an eye on future possibilities. We will argue that singly ionized Lutetium is a strong candidate for the next generation of optical frequency standards. Lu + has a particularly narrow optical transition in combination with several advantageous properties for managing systematic uncertainties compared to the other atomic species. We summarize these properties and our specific strategies for managing the uncertainties due to external perturbations. Finally, we present the status of our ongoing experiments with trapped Lu +, including the results of precision measurements of its atomic structure.

  5. Lutetium oxide-based transparent ceramic scintillators

    DOEpatents

    Seeley, Zachary; Cherepy, Nerine; Kuntz, Joshua; Payne, Stephen A.

    2016-01-19

    In one embodiment, a transparent ceramic of sintered nanoparticles includes gadolinium lutetium oxide doped with europium having a chemical composition (Lu.sub.1-xGd.sub.x).sub.2-YEu.sub.YO.sub.3, where X is any value within a range from about 0.05 to about 0.45 and Y is any value within a range from about 0.01 to about 0.2, and where the transparent ceramic exhibits a transparency characterized by a scatter coefficient of less than about 10%/cm. In another embodiment, a transparent ceramic scintillator of sintered nanoparticles, includes a body of sintered nanoparticles including gadolinium lutetium oxide doped with a rare earth activator (RE) having a chemical composition (Lu.sub.1-xGd.sub.x).sub.2-YRE.sub.YO.sub.3, where RE is selected from the group consisting of: Sm, Eu, Tb, and Dy, where the transparent ceramic exhibits a transparency characterized by a scatter coefficient of less than about 10%/cm.

  6. Static and Dynamical Properties of heavy actinide Monopnictides of Lutetium

    PubMed Central

    Mir, Showkat H.; Jha, Prakash C.; Islam, M. S.; Banarjee, Amitava; Luo, Wei; Dabhi, Shweta D.; Jha, Prafulla K.; Ahuja, R.

    2016-01-01

    In this work, density functional theory within the framework of generalized gradient approximation has been used to investigate the structural, elastic, mechanical, and phonon properties of lutetium monopnictides in rock-salt crystal structure. The spin orbit coupling and Hubbard-U corrections are included to correctly predict the essential properties of these compounds. The elastic constants, Young’s modulus E, Poisson’s ratio v, shear modulus G, anisotropy factor A and Pugh’s ratio are computed. We found that all lutetium monopnictides are anisotropic and show brittle character. From the wave velocities along [100], [110] and [111] directions, melting temperature of lutetium monopnictides are predicted. Dynamical stability of these monopnictides has been studied by density functional perturbation theory. PMID:27384709

  7. Static and Dynamical Properties of heavy actinide Monopnictides of Lutetium.

    PubMed

    Mir, Showkat H; Jha, Prakash C; Islam, M S; Banarjee, Amitava; Luo, Wei; Dabhi, Shweta D; Jha, Prafulla K; Ahuja, R

    2016-01-01

    In this work, density functional theory within the framework of generalized gradient approximation has been used to investigate the structural, elastic, mechanical, and phonon properties of lutetium monopnictides in rock-salt crystal structure. The spin orbit coupling and Hubbard-U corrections are included to correctly predict the essential properties of these compounds. The elastic constants, Young's modulus E, Poisson's ratio v, shear modulus G, anisotropy factor A and Pugh's ratio are computed. We found that all lutetium monopnictides are anisotropic and show brittle character. From the wave velocities along [100], [110] and [111] directions, melting temperature of lutetium monopnictides are predicted. Dynamical stability of these monopnictides has been studied by density functional perturbation theory. PMID:27384709

  8. Hydrothermal synthesis of lutetium disilicate nanoparticles

    SciTech Connect

    Tang Xiaoping; Gao Yanfeng; Chen Hongfei; Luo Hongjie

    2012-04-15

    A simple, low-cost hydrothermal method was developed to synthesize irregular-and rod-shaped lutetium disilicate (Lu{sub 2}Si{sub 2}O{sub 7}) powders with sizes ranging from 71 to 340 nm. The synthesis temperature was 260 Degree-Sign C, which is nearly 1300 Degree-Sign C lower than that required for the solid-state reaction. The results indicated that both the hydrothermal temperature and pH values had great influences on the composition, crystalline phase and morphology of the powders. The formation mechanism, basic thermophysical properties, stability and anticorrosion properties of the Lu{sub 2}Si{sub 2}O{sub 7} powders were also investigated. The obtained powders possessed low thermal conductivity, a suitable thermal expansion coefficient (3.92-5.17 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -6} K{sup -1}) with the silicon-based substrate and excellent thermal and structural stability. During hot corrosion testing, the surfaces of the samples appeared to react with the water and molten salt vapors, but no serious failure occurred. - Graphical abstract: An image for the as-prepared Lu{sub 2}Si{sub 2}O{sub 7} powders (left) and XRD pattern (right) (inset shows the SEM graph of powders). Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We synthesized Lu{sub 2}Si{sub 2}O{sub 7} powders via a hydrothermal process at 260 Degree-Sign C. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Crystalline phase and morphology of the powders changed with experimental parameter. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Hot corrosion was determined in an airflow environment containing alkaline vapor.

  9. Discovery of gallium, germanium, lutetium, and hafnium isotopes

    SciTech Connect

    Gross, J.L.; Thoennessen, M.

    2012-09-15

    Currently, twenty-eight gallium, thirty-one germanium, thirty-five lutetium, and thirty-six hafnium isotopes have been observed and the discovery of these isotopes is described here. For each isotope a brief synopsis of the first refereed publication, including the production and identification method, is presented.

  10. Optical Response of Shocked Cerium-Doped Lutetium Oxyorthosilicate

    SciTech Connect

    G. D. Stevens

    2003-03-01

    Shock experiments were performed in order to characterize the triboluminescent signature of cerium-doped lutetium oxyorthosilicate (LSO:Ce). This material shows prompt, nano-second timescale light emission when driven by explosive detonation. When properly applied to a surface, it may be used as a shock arrival sensor, and also for imaging the propagation of a shock front. Triboluminescent rise times, spectral content, and spatial resolution measurements are presented.

  11. Enhancement of lutetium texaphyrin phototherapy with Mitomycin C

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thiemann, Patricia A.; Woodburn, Kathryn W.

    1998-05-01

    Lutetium texaphyrin (Lu-Tex) photodynamic therapy (PDT) relies on the presence of the water-soluble Lu-Tex, oxygen, and light (activation around 730 nm). Cytotoxic oxygen species are produced that cause irreversible damage to biological substrates. Damage may be inflicted via direct cell kill mechanisms or through vasculature effects that cause hypoxia. The addition of hypoxia enhanced drugs, such as Mitomycin C (MMC), can potentially increase the anti-tumor response. RIF-1 bearing C3H mice received 10 micrometers ol Lu-Tex/kg and were illuminated with 100 J/cm2 3 hours postinjection. Mice received MMC (2.5 or 5 mg/kg, before and after light) in conjunction with PDT and were compared to subsets of drug alone controls. A significant improvement in PDT response was observed when MMC was added to the dosing regimen; the effect was more pronounced at the highest MMC dose of 5 mg/kg: MMC prior to PDT gave a median tumor regrowth time (10X original volume) of 28 days compared to MMC and PDT alone, 16.3 and 14.9 days, respectively. The anti-tumor activity of lutetium texaphyrin induced PDT was improved by the addition of the bioreductive alkylating agent mitomycin C.

  12. 33 CFR 157.41 - Emergencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Emergencies. 157.41 Section 157.41 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) POLLUTION... Operation § 157.41 Emergencies. Sections 157.27, 157.29, 157.37, and 157.39 do not apply to a tank...

  13. 33 CFR 157.41 - Emergencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Emergencies. 157.41 Section 157.41 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) POLLUTION... Operation § 157.41 Emergencies. Sections 157.27, 157.29, 157.37, and 157.39 do not apply to a tank...

  14. Synthesis and densification of lutetium pyrosilicate from lutetia and silica

    SciTech Connect

    Tripathi, Himansu S.; Sarin, Vinod K. . E-mail: sarin@bu.edu

    2007-02-15

    Cerium-doped lutetium pyrosilicate (Lu{sub 2}Si{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Ce) powder was synthesized by solid state reaction of Lu{sub 2}O{sub 3} and SiO{sub 2}. Stoichiometric mixtures of the starting materials were heat treated at various different temperatures and their phase contents were measured by XRD technique. It was found that the first step in the formation of Lu{sub 2}Si{sub 2}O{sub 7} (LPS) is the appearance of Lu{sub 2}SiO{sub 5} (LSO). This takes place at 1100 deg. C, fully 300 deg. C below the first appearance of LPS. Between 1400 and 1500 deg. C both LSO and LPS coexist in the calcined batch, but by 1550 deg. C all LSO is completely converted to LPS. LPS formation temperature does not have appreciable effect on the density of the hot pressed samples. Hot pressed samples obtained from powder synthesized at 1650 deg. C are nearly transparent, although the particle size of the starting powder is higher than that of the powder formed at lower temperatures.

  15. Theranostic Applications of Lutetium-177 in Radionuclide Therapy.

    PubMed

    Das, Tapas; Banerjee, Sharmila

    2016-01-01

    Lutetium-177 has been widely discussed as a radioisotope of choice for targeted radionuclide therapy. The simultaneous emission of imageable gamma photons [208 keV (11%) and 113 keV (6.4%)] along with particulate β(-) emission [β(max) = 497 keV] makes it a theranostically desirable radioisotope. In the present article, the possibility of using two 177Lu-based agents viz. 177Lu-EDTMP and 177Lu-DOTATATE for theranostic applications in metastatic bone pain palliation (MBPP) and peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT), have been explored. In the case of 177Lu-EDTMP, the whole-body images obtained are compared with those recorded using 99mTc-MDP in the same patient. On the other hand, pre-therapy images acquired with 177Lu-DOTA-TATE are compared with similar images obtained with standard agents, such as 99mTc-HYNIC-TOC (SPECT) and 68Ga-DOTA-TOC (PET) in the same patient. The advantage of the long physical half-life (T1/2) of 177Lu has been utilized in mapping the pharmacokinetics of two additional agents, 177Lu-labeled hydroxyapatite (HA) in radiation synovectomy of knee joints and 177Lu-HA for therapy of hepatocellular carcinoma. Results of these multiple studies conclusively document the potential of 177Lu as a theranostic radioisotope. PMID:25771364

  16. Lutetium-doped EuO films grown by molecular-beam epitaxy

    SciTech Connect

    Melville, A.; Heeg, T.; Mairoser, T.; Schmehl, A.; Shai, D. E.; Monkman, E. J.; Harter, J. W.; Hollaender, B.; Schubert, J.; Shen, K. M.; Mannhart, J.; Schlom, D. G.

    2012-05-28

    The effect of lutetium doping on the structural, electronic, and magnetic properties of epitaxial EuO thin films grown by reactive molecular-beam epitaxy is experimentally investigated. The behavior of Lu-doped EuO is contrasted with doping by lanthanum and gadolinium. All three dopants are found to behave similarly despite differences in electronic configuration and ionic size. Andreev reflection measurements on Lu-doped EuO reveal a spin-polarization of 96% in the conduction band, despite non-magnetic carriers introduced by 5% lutetium doping.

  17. Synthesis and characterisation of chromium lutetium gallium garnet solid solution

    SciTech Connect

    Galindo, R.; Badenes, J.A. . E-mail: jbadenes@qio.uji.es; Llusar, M.; Tena, M.A.; Monros, G.

    2007-03-22

    The chromium lutetium gallium garnet system has been studied. Samples with 2xCaOxCr{sub 2}O{sub 3}(3 - 2x)Lu{sub 2}O{sub 3}5Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3} (x = 0.025, 0.05, 0.075, 0.1, 0.2 and 0.3,) and xCr{sub 2}O{sub 3}(3 - x)Lu{sub 2}O{sub 3}5Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3} (x = 0, 0.05, 0.075 and 0.3) compositions have been prepared in Ca,Cr:LGG and Cr:LGG systems, respectively. Samples were prepared by ceramic method, fired at 1250 deg. C/6 h and characterised by XRD, lattice parameters, UV-vis-NIR spectroscopy, CIE L * a * b * measurements and SEM/EDX. Results indicate that Ca,Cr:LGG and Cr:LGG solid solutions are obtained. In Cr:LGG system only Cr(III) is stabilised in octahedral positions substituting for Lu(III) and Ga(III). Both Cr(III) and Cr(IV) are present in Ca,Cr:LGG. The calcium is a charge compensator to stabilise Cr(IV) and this is the predominant oxidation state up to x = 0.075 composition. From this composition, Cr(III) becomes more stabilised in garnet lattice. Cr(IV) occupies generally tetrahedral and dodecahedral sites substituting for Ga(III) and Lu(III), while Cr(III) is in octahedral site substituting for Ga(III)

  18. Photon-avalanche upconversion in thulium-doped lutetium aluminum garnet.

    PubMed

    Patel, D N; Reddy, B R; Nash-Stevenson, S K

    1999-05-20

    Strong blue fluorescence at 487 nm corresponding to the (1)G(4) --> (3)H(6) transition was generated from Tm(3+)-doped lutetium aluminum garnet on excitation with a 618-nm dye laser as a result of a photon-avalanche upconversion mechanism. PMID:18319920

  19. Lutetium-177 DOTATATE Production with an Automated Radiopharmaceutical Synthesis System

    PubMed Central

    Aslani, Alireza; Snowdon, Graeme M; Bailey, Dale L; Schembri, Geoffrey P; Bailey, Elizabeth A; Pavlakis, Nick; Roach, Paul J

    2015-01-01

    Objective(s): Peptide Receptor Radionuclide Therapy (PRRT) with yttrium-90 (90Y) and lutetium-177 (177Lu)-labelled SST analogues are now therapy option for patients who have failed to respond to conventional medical therapy. In-house production with automated PRRT synthesis systems have clear advantages over manual methods resulting in increasing use in hospital-based radiopharmacies. We report on our one year experience with an automated radiopharmaceutical synthesis system. Methods: All syntheses were carried out using the Eckert & Ziegler Eurotope’s Modular-Lab Pharm Tracer® automated synthesis system. All materials and methods used were followed as instructed by the manufacturer of the system (Eckert & Ziegler Eurotope, Berlin, Germany). Sterile, GMP-certified, no-carrier added (NCA) 177Lu was used with GMP-certified peptide. An audit trail was also produced and saved by the system. The quality of the final product was assessed after each synthesis by ITLC-SG and HPLC methods. Results: A total of 17 [177Lu]-DOTATATE syntheses were performed between August 2013 and December 2014. The amount of radioactive [177Lu]-DOTATATE produced by each synthesis varied between 10-40 GBq and was dependant on the number of patients being treated on a given day. Thirteen individuals received a total of 37 individual treatment administrations in this period. There were no issues and failures with the system or the synthesis cassettes. The average radiochemical purity as determined by ITLC was above 99% (99.8 ± 0.05%) and the average radiochemical purity as determined by HPLC technique was above 97% (97.3 ± 1.5%) for this period. Conclusions: The automated synthesis of [177Lu]-DOTATATE using Eckert & Ziegler Eurotope’s Modular-Lab Pharm Tracer® system is a robust, convenient and high yield approach to the radiolabelling of DOTATATE peptide benefiting from the use of NCA 177Lu and almost negligible radiation exposure of the operators. PMID:27408890

  20. 40 CFR 157.34 - Certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... standards of 40 CFR 157.32,” will suffice for this purpose. ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 157.34 Section 157.34... REQUIREMENTS FOR PESTICIDES AND DEVICES Child-Resistant Packaging § 157.34 Certification. (a) General. (1)...

  1. Heteroleptic naphthalo-phthalocyaninates of lutetium: synthesis and spectral and conductivity properties.

    PubMed

    Dubinina, Tatiana V; Kosov, Anton D; Petrusevich, Elizaveta F; Maklakov, Sergey S; Borisova, Nataliya E; Tomilova, Larisa G; Zefirov, Nikolay S

    2015-05-01

    Novel heteroleptic naphthalo-phthalocyaninates of lutetium possessing a symmetrical substituted naphthalocyanine deck were synthesized on the basis of two preformed synthetic blocks: naphthalocyanine ligand and lutetium phthalocyaninates. The compounds obtained were characterized by (1)H NMR and high-resolution MALDI-TOF/TOF mass spectrometry. The correlation between the nature of the substituents and the spectral properties of the target complexes was determined by the introduction of electron-donating (aryl-, aryloxy-) or electron-withdrawing (chloro-) substituents into the phthalocyanine deck. In addition, the nature of peripheral substituents was shown not to affect drastically the phthalocyanine conductivity and activation energy. Conductivity properties depend on thin film morphology which, in turn, relies on intermolecular π-π interactions. PMID:25826576

  2. 33 CFR 157.104 - Scale models.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Scale models. 157.104 Section 157... Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels General § 157.104 Scale models. If the pattern under § 157.100(a)(4) or § 157.102(d) cannot be shown on a plan, a scale model of each tank must be built...

  3. 33 CFR 157.104 - Scale models.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Scale models. 157.104 Section 157... Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels General § 157.104 Scale models. If the pattern under § 157.100(a)(4) or § 157.102(d) cannot be shown on a plan, a scale model of each tank must be built...

  4. 33 CFR 157.104 - Scale models.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Scale models. 157.104 Section 157... Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels General § 157.104 Scale models. If the pattern under § 157.100(a)(4) or § 157.102(d) cannot be shown on a plan, a scale model of each tank must be built...

  5. Properties of Ce-activated alkali-lutetium double phosphate scintillators

    SciTech Connect

    Wiśniewski, D.; Wojtowicz, A. J.; Boatner, Lynn A

    2010-01-01

    The scintillation properties of Ce-activated alkali-lutetium double phosphate single crystals that vary with the alkali ion type and activation level are summarized and compared. The materials investigated here have been identified as fast and efficient scintillators for the detection of x-ray and radiation, and in case of Li3Lu(PO4)2:Ce, for thermal neutron detection as well.

  6. Heat capacity and thermal expansion of icosahedral lutetium boride LuB66

    SciTech Connect

    Novikov, V V; Avdashchenko, D V; Matovnikov, A V; Mitroshenkov, N V; Bud’ko, S L

    2014-01-07

    The experimental values of heat capacity and thermal expansion for lutetium boride LuB66 in the temperature range of 2-300 K were analysed in the Debye-Einstein approximation. It was found that the vibration of the boron sub-lattice can be considered within the Debye model with high characteristic temperatures; low-frequency vibration of weakly connected metal atoms is described by the Einstein model.

  7. Lutetium(iii) aqua ion: On the dynamical structure of the heaviest lanthanoid hydration complex

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sessa, Francesco; Spezia, Riccardo; D'Angelo, Paola

    2016-05-01

    The structure and dynamics of the lutetium(iii) ion in aqueous solution have been investigated by means of a polarizable force field molecular dynamics (MD). An 8-fold square antiprism (SAP) geometry has been found to be the dominant configuration of the lutetium(iii) aqua ion. Nevertheless, a low percentage of 9-fold complexes arranged in a tricapped trigonal prism (TTP) geometry has been also detected. Dynamic properties have been explored by carrying out six independent MD simulations for each of four different temperatures: 277 K, 298 K, 423 K, 632 K. The mean residence time of water molecules in the first hydration shell at room temperature has been found to increase as compared to the central elements of the lanthanoid series in agreement with previous experimental findings. Water exchange kinetic rate constants at each temperature and activation parameters of the process have been determined from the MD simulations. The obtained structural and dynamical results suggest that the water exchange process for the lutetium(iii) aqua ion proceeds with an associative mechanism, in which the SAP hydration complex undergoes temporary structural changes passing through a 9-fold TTP intermediate. Such results are consistent with the water exchange mechanism proposed for heavy lanthanoid atoms.

  8. Lutetium(iii) aqua ion: On the dynamical structure of the heaviest lanthanoid hydration complex.

    PubMed

    Sessa, Francesco; Spezia, Riccardo; D'Angelo, Paola

    2016-05-28

    The structure and dynamics of the lutetium(iii) ion in aqueous solution have been investigated by means of a polarizable force field molecular dynamics (MD). An 8-fold square antiprism (SAP) geometry has been found to be the dominant configuration of the lutetium(iii) aqua ion. Nevertheless, a low percentage of 9-fold complexes arranged in a tricapped trigonal prism (TTP) geometry has been also detected. Dynamic properties have been explored by carrying out six independent MD simulations for each of four different temperatures: 277 K, 298 K, 423 K, 632 K. The mean residence time of water molecules in the first hydration shell at room temperature has been found to increase as compared to the central elements of the lanthanoid series in agreement with previous experimental findings. Water exchange kinetic rate constants at each temperature and activation parameters of the process have been determined from the MD simulations. The obtained structural and dynamical results suggest that the water exchange process for the lutetium(iii) aqua ion proceeds with an associative mechanism, in which the SAP hydration complex undergoes temporary structural changes passing through a 9-fold TTP intermediate. Such results are consistent with the water exchange mechanism proposed for heavy lanthanoid atoms. PMID:27250314

  9. Outbreak Investigation: STEC O157

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The standard microbiological methods used to isolate Escherichia coli O157:H7 from human stool are frequently inadequate for isolation of this same organism from environmental samples. This paper describes the laboratory isolation of this pathogen from four environmental samples collected as part o...

  10. Synthesis of Lutetium Phosphate/Apoferritin Core-Shell Nanoparticles for Potential Applications in Radioimmunoimaging and Radioimmunotherapy of Cancers

    SciTech Connect

    Wu, Hong; Engelhard, Mark H.; Wang, Jun; Fisher, Darrell R.; Lin, Yuehe

    2008-04-01

    We report a novel approach for synthesizing LuPO4/apoferritin core-shell nanoparticles based on an apoferritin template, conjugated to the protein biotin. To prepare the nanoparticle conjugates, we used non-radioactive lutetium as a model target or surrogate for radiolutetium (177Lu). The central cavity, multi-channel structure, and chemical properties of apoferritin are well-suited for sequentially diffusing lutetium and phosphate ions into the cavity--resulting in a stable core-shell composite. We characterized the synthesized LuPO4/apoferritin nanoparticle using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). We tested the pre-targeting capability of biotin-modified lutetium/apoferritin nanoparticle using streptavidin-modified magnetic beads and streptavidin-modified fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) tracer. This paper presents a simple, fast, and efficient method for synthesizing LuPO4/apoferritin nanoparticle conjugates with biotin for potential applications in radioimmunotherapy and radioimmunoimaging of cancer.

  11. 33 CFR 157.128 - Stripping system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Design, Equipment, and Installation § 157.128 Stripping system. (a) Each tank vessel having a COW system under § 157.10(e), § 157.10a(a)(2), or § 157.10c(b)(2... times the rate at which all the COW machines that are designed to simultaneously wash the bottom of...

  12. 33 CFR 157.128 - Stripping system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Design, Equipment, and Installation § 157.128 Stripping system. (a) Each tank vessel having a COW system under § 157.10(e), § 157.10a(a)(2), or § 157.10c(b)(2... times the rate at which all the COW machines that are designed to simultaneously wash the bottom of...

  13. 33 CFR 157.154 - Assistant personnel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Personnel § 157.154 Assistant personnel. The owner, operator, and master of a tank vessel having a COW system under § 157.10(e), § 157.10a(a)(2), or § 157.10c(b)(2) shall ensure that each member of the crew that has a designated responsibility during...

  14. 33 CFR 157.154 - Assistant personnel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Personnel § 157.154 Assistant personnel. The owner, operator, and master of a tank vessel having a COW system under § 157.10(e), § 157.10a(a)(2), or § 157.10c(b)(2) shall ensure that each member of the crew that has a designated responsibility during...

  15. 33 CFR 157.154 - Assistant personnel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Personnel § 157.154 Assistant personnel. The owner, operator, and master of a tank vessel having a COW system under § 157.10(e), § 157.10a(a)(2), or § 157.10c(b)(2) shall ensure that each member of the crew that has a designated responsibility during...

  16. 33 CFR 157.128 - Stripping system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Design, Equipment, and Installation § 157.128 Stripping system. (a) Each tank vessel having a COW system under § 157.10(e), § 157.10a(a)(2), or § 157.10c(b)(2... times the rate at which all the COW machines that are designed to simultaneously wash the bottom of...

  17. Persistence of Escherichia coli O157 and non-O157 strains in agricultural soils

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Shiga toxin producing Escherichia coli O157 and non-O157 serogroups are known to cause serious diseases in human. However, research on the persistence of E. coli non-O157 serogroups in preharvest environment is limited. In the current study, we compared the survival behavior of E. coli O157 to that ...

  18. 40 CFR 205.157 - Requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Requirements. 205.157 Section 205.157 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) NOISE ABATEMENT PROGRAMS TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT NOISE EMISSION CONTROLS Motorcycles § 205.157 Requirements....

  19. 40 CFR 157.32 - Standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Standards. 157.32 Section 157.32 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS PACKAGING REQUIREMENTS FOR PESTICIDES AND DEVICES Child-Resistant Packaging § 157.32 Standards. (a) Effectiveness standard. The child-resistant packaging, when...

  20. 40 CFR 157.32 - Standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Standards. 157.32 Section 157.32 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS PACKAGING REQUIREMENTS FOR PESTICIDES AND DEVICES Child-Resistant Packaging § 157.32 Standards. (a) Effectiveness standard. The child-resistant packaging, when...

  1. 40 CFR 205.157 - Requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 26 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Requirements. 205.157 Section 205.157 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) NOISE ABATEMENT PROGRAMS TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT NOISE EMISSION CONTROLS Motorcycles § 205.157 Requirements....

  2. 40 CFR 205.157 - Requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Requirements. 205.157 Section 205.157 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) NOISE ABATEMENT PROGRAMS TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT NOISE EMISSION CONTROLS Motorcycles § 205.157 Requirements....

  3. 40 CFR 205.157 - Requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Requirements. 205.157 Section 205.157 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) NOISE ABATEMENT PROGRAMS TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT NOISE EMISSION CONTROLS Motorcycles § 205.157 Requirements....

  4. 40 CFR 205.157 - Requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 26 2012-07-01 2011-07-01 true Requirements. 205.157 Section 205.157 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) NOISE ABATEMENT PROGRAMS TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT NOISE EMISSION CONTROLS Motorcycles § 205.157 Requirements....

  5. 14 CFR 61.157 - Flight proficiency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Flight proficiency. 61.157 Section 61.157... CERTIFICATION: PILOTS, FLIGHT INSTRUCTORS, AND GROUND INSTRUCTORS Airline Transport Pilots § 61.157 Flight... and log ground and flight training from an authorized instructor on the areas of operation under...

  6. 40 CFR 421.157 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 28 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true 421.157 Section 421.157 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) EFFLUENT GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS NONFERROUS METALS MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Primary Beryllium Subcategory § 421.157...

  7. 40 CFR 421.157 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 29 2014-07-01 2012-07-01 true 421.157 Section 421.157 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) EFFLUENT GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS NONFERROUS METALS MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Primary Beryllium Subcategory § 421.157...

  8. 40 CFR 421.157 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2013-07-01 2012-07-01 true 421.157 Section 421.157 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) EFFLUENT GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS NONFERROUS METALS MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Primary Beryllium Subcategory § 421.157...

  9. 40 CFR 421.157 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false 421.157 Section 421.157 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) EFFLUENT GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS NONFERROUS METALS MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Primary Beryllium Subcategory § 421.157...

  10. 40 CFR 421.157 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 29 2011-07-01 2009-07-01 true 421.157 Section 421.157 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) EFFLUENT GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS NONFERROUS METALS MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Primary Beryllium Subcategory § 421.157...

  11. 40 CFR 157.27 - Unit packaging.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Unit packaging. 157.27 Section 157.27 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS PACKAGING REQUIREMENTS FOR PESTICIDES AND DEVICES Child-Resistant Packaging § 157.27 Unit packaging. Pesticide...

  12. 40 CFR 157.27 - Unit packaging.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Unit packaging. 157.27 Section 157.27 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS PACKAGING REQUIREMENTS FOR PESTICIDES AND DEVICES Child-Resistant Packaging § 157.27 Unit packaging. Pesticide...

  13. 40 CFR 157.27 - Unit packaging.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Unit packaging. 157.27 Section 157.27 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS PACKAGING REQUIREMENTS FOR PESTICIDES AND DEVICES Child-Resistant Packaging § 157.27 Unit packaging. Pesticide...

  14. 40 CFR 157.27 - Unit packaging.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Unit packaging. 157.27 Section 157.27 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS PACKAGING REQUIREMENTS FOR PESTICIDES AND DEVICES Child-Resistant Packaging § 157.27 Unit packaging. Pesticide...

  15. 40 CFR 157.27 - Unit packaging.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Unit packaging. 157.27 Section 157.27 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS PACKAGING REQUIREMENTS FOR PESTICIDES AND DEVICES Child-Resistant Packaging § 157.27 Unit packaging. Pesticide...

  16. 7 CFR 3560.157 - Occupancy rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Occupancy rules. 3560.157 Section 3560.157... AGRICULTURE DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS Multi-Family Housing Occupancy § 3560.157 Occupancy rules. (a) General. The purpose of a borrower's occupancy rules is to outline the basis for the...

  17. 7 CFR 3560.157 - Occupancy rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Occupancy rules. 3560.157 Section 3560.157... AGRICULTURE DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS Multi-Family Housing Occupancy § 3560.157 Occupancy rules. (a) General. The purpose of a borrower's occupancy rules is to outline the basis for the...

  18. 7 CFR 3560.157 - Occupancy rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Occupancy rules. 3560.157 Section 3560.157... AGRICULTURE DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS Multi-Family Housing Occupancy § 3560.157 Occupancy rules. (a) General. The purpose of a borrower's occupancy rules is to outline the basis for the...

  19. 7 CFR 3560.157 - Occupancy rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Occupancy rules. 3560.157 Section 3560.157... AGRICULTURE DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS Multi-Family Housing Occupancy § 3560.157 Occupancy rules. (a) General. The purpose of a borrower's occupancy rules is to outline the basis for the...

  20. 43 CFR 15.7 - Fishing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Fishing. 15.7 Section 15.7 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior KEY LARGO CORAL REEF PRESERVE § 15.7 Fishing. (a) Spear fishing within the boundaries or confines of this Preserve is prohibited. (b) The use of poisons,...

  1. 43 CFR 15.7 - Fishing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Fishing. 15.7 Section 15.7 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior KEY LARGO CORAL REEF PRESERVE § 15.7 Fishing. (a) Spear fishing within the boundaries or confines of this Preserve is prohibited. (b) The use of poisons,...

  2. 43 CFR 15.7 - Fishing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Fishing. 15.7 Section 15.7 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior KEY LARGO CORAL REEF PRESERVE § 15.7 Fishing. (a) Spear fishing within the boundaries or confines of this Preserve is prohibited. (b) The use of poisons,...

  3. 43 CFR 15.7 - Fishing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true Fishing. 15.7 Section 15.7 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior KEY LARGO CORAL REEF PRESERVE § 15.7 Fishing. (a) Spear fishing within the boundaries or confines of this Preserve is prohibited. (b) The use of poisons,...

  4. 43 CFR 15.7 - Fishing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fishing. 15.7 Section 15.7 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior KEY LARGO CORAL REEF PRESERVE § 15.7 Fishing. (a) Spear fishing within the boundaries or confines of this Preserve is prohibited. (b) The use of poisons,...

  5. 49 CFR 38.157 - Lighting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Lighting. 38.157 Section 38.157 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT (ADA) ACCESSIBILITY SPECIFICATIONS FOR TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES Over-the-Road Buses and Systems § 38.157 Lighting. (a) Any stepwell...

  6. 36 CFR 1192.157 - Lighting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Lighting. 1192.157 Section 1192.157 Parks, Forests, and Public Property ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION BARRIERS COMPLIANCE BOARD... Buses and Systems § 1192.157 Lighting. (a) Any stepwell or doorway immediately adjacent to the...

  7. 49 CFR 38.157 - Lighting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Lighting. 38.157 Section 38.157 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT (ADA) ACCESSIBILITY SPECIFICATIONS FOR TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES Over-the-Road Buses and Systems § 38.157 Lighting. (a) Any stepwell...

  8. 36 CFR 1192.157 - Lighting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Lighting. 1192.157 Section 1192.157 Parks, Forests, and Public Property ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION BARRIERS COMPLIANCE BOARD... Buses and Systems § 1192.157 Lighting. (a) Any stepwell or doorway immediately adjacent to the...

  9. 49 CFR 38.157 - Lighting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Lighting. 38.157 Section 38.157 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT (ADA) ACCESSIBILITY SPECIFICATIONS FOR TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES Over-the-Road Buses and Systems § 38.157 Lighting. (a) Any stepwell...

  10. 36 CFR 1192.157 - Lighting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Lighting. 1192.157 Section 1192.157 Parks, Forests, and Public Property ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION BARRIERS COMPLIANCE BOARD... Buses and Systems § 1192.157 Lighting. (a) Any stepwell or doorway immediately adjacent to the...

  11. 36 CFR 1192.157 - Lighting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2013-07-01 2012-07-01 true Lighting. 1192.157 Section 1192.157 Parks, Forests, and Public Property ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION BARRIERS COMPLIANCE BOARD... Buses and Systems § 1192.157 Lighting. (a) Any stepwell or doorway immediately adjacent to the...

  12. 49 CFR 38.157 - Lighting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Lighting. 38.157 Section 38.157 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT (ADA) ACCESSIBILITY SPECIFICATIONS FOR TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES Over-the-Road Buses and Systems § 38.157 Lighting. (a) Any stepwell...

  13. 36 CFR 1192.157 - Lighting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Lighting. 1192.157 Section 1192.157 Parks, Forests, and Public Property ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION BARRIERS COMPLIANCE BOARD... Buses and Systems § 1192.157 Lighting. (a) Any stepwell or doorway immediately adjacent to the...

  14. 49 CFR 38.157 - Lighting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Lighting. 38.157 Section 38.157 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT (ADA) ACCESSIBILITY SPECIFICATIONS FOR TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES Over-the-Road Buses and Systems § 38.157 Lighting. (a) Any stepwell...

  15. 33 CFR 157.49 - Instruction manual.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Instruction manual. 157.49... Vessel Operation § 157.49 Instruction manual. The master of a tank vessel shall ensure that the instruction manual under § 157.23 is available and used when the cargo or ballast systems are operated....

  16. 10 CFR 26.157 - Procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Procedures. 26.157 Section 26.157 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION FITNESS FOR DUTY PROGRAMS Laboratories Certified by the Department of Health and Human Services § 26.157 Procedures. (a) HHS-certified laboratories shall develop, implement, and maintain clear and well-documented procedures for...

  17. 46 CFR 108.157 - Locked doors.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Locked doors. 108.157 Section 108.157 Shipping COAST... Construction and Arrangement Means of Escape § 108.157 Locked doors. No door to the required means of escape may be designed to lock except— (a) A crash door or a door that has a locking device that can...

  18. 46 CFR 108.157 - Locked doors.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Locked doors. 108.157 Section 108.157 Shipping COAST... Construction and Arrangement Means of Escape § 108.157 Locked doors. No door to the required means of escape may be designed to lock except— (a) A crash door or a door that has a locking device that can...

  19. 46 CFR 108.157 - Locked doors.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Locked doors. 108.157 Section 108.157 Shipping COAST... Construction and Arrangement Means of Escape § 108.157 Locked doors. No door to the required means of escape may be designed to lock except— (a) A crash door or a door that has a locking device that can...

  20. Phase I trial of motexafin-lutetium-mediated interstitial photodynamic therapy in patients with locally recurrent prostate cancer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stripp, Diana C. H.; Mick, Rosemarie; Zhu, Timothy C.; Whittington, Richard; Smith, Debbie; Dimofte, Andreea; Finlay, Jarod C.; Miles, Jeremy; Busch, Theresa M.; Shin, Daniel; Kachur, Alex; Tochner, Zelig A.; Malkowicz, S. Bruce; Glatstein, Eli; Hahn, Stephen M.

    2004-06-01

    Therapeutic options for patients with locally recurrent prostate cancer after treatment with radiation therapy are limited. An ongoing Phase I trial of interstitial photodynamic therapy (PDT) with the photosensitizer motexafin lutetium (MLu) was initiated in year 2000 for men with locally recurrent prostate cancer. The primary objective of this trial is to determine the maximally tolerated dose of motexafin lutetium-mediated PDT. Twelve men with biopsy-proven recurrent prostate cancer and no evidence of distant metastatic disease have been enrolled. Pre-treatment evaluation included an MRI of the prostate, bone scan, laboratory studies, cystoscopy, and transrectal ultrasound. Treatment plans were generated based upon the ultrasound findings. PDT dose was escalated by increasing the motexafin lutetium dose, increasing the 732 nm light dose, and decreasing the drug-light interval. Motexafin lutetium doses ranged from 0.5 to 2 mg/kg administered IV 3, 6, or 24 hours prior to 732 nm light delivery. The light dose measured in real time with in situ spherical detectors was 25-100 J/cm2 for all patients. Light was delivered through optical fibers inserted through a transperineal brachytherapy template in the operating room and optical property measurements were made before and after light therapy. Prostate biopsies were obtained before and after light delivery for spectrofluorometric measurements of photosensitizer uptake. Twelve patients have completed protocol treatment on eight dose levels without dose-limiting toxicity. Grade I PDT-related genitourinary symptoms were observed. One patient had Grade II urinary urgency that was urinary catheter-related. No rectal or other GI PDT-related toxicities were observed. Measurements of motexafin lutetium in prostate tissue demonstrated the presence of photosensitizer at all dose levels. Conclusions: Motexafin lutetium-mediated PDT designed to treat comprehensively the entired prostate gland has been well-tolerated at the doses

  1. Growth of epitaxial bismuth and gallium substituted lutetium iron garnet films by pulsed laser deposition

    SciTech Connect

    Leitenmeier, Stephan; Heinrich, Andreas; Lindner, Joerg K. N.; Stritzker, Bernd

    2006-04-15

    Epitaxial bismuth and gallium substituted lutetium iron garnet thin films have been grown on (100) oriented gadolinium gallium garnet Gd{sub 3}Ga{sub 5}O{sub 12} substrates by pulsed laser deposition. The films have been studied using x-ray diffraction, high resolution x-ray diffraction, Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and electron diffraction. We obtained smooth films with thicknesses between 0.3 and 1.0 {mu}m showing good crystalline quality and epitaxial growth.

  2. Light-emitting diode versus laser irradiation phototherapy with lutetium texaphyrin (PCI-0123)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Woodburn, Kathryn W.; Young, Stuart W.; Qing, Fan; Miles, Dale R.; Thiemann, Patricia A.

    1997-05-01

    Lutetium texaphyrin (PCI-0123) is presently in clinical trials for the treatment of neoplasms. An argon-pumped dye laser has mostly been used to generate light for PCI-0123 photoactivation. However, lasers are expensive and produce a limited area of illumination, so the efficacy of light emitting diodes (LEDs) was investigated. An LED array was developed so that the spectral emission matched the far red absorption spectrum of PCI-0123. A preclinical PDT efficacy study comparing the laser and the LED was undertaken using EMT6-bearing animals. The LED and laser light sources were statistically comparable in eradicating the murine mammary sarcomas using PCI-0123 as the photosensitizer.

  3. Thermodynamic modeling of chemical equilibria in liquid-liquid extraction of lutetium

    SciTech Connect

    Sreelatha, S.; Sai, P.S.T.; Prasada Rao, T.; Narayanan, C.S.; Damodaran, A.D. )

    1991-12-01

    The extraction equilibrium data of lutetium from sodium succinate solution with Aliquat 336 in benzene is systematically investigated. The aqueous phase metal complexation and polymerization in the organic phase are taken into account in obtaining extraction coefficients, stability constants, hydrolysis constants, solubility product, and extraction constants. A thermodynamic model of the above equilibrium extraction data is developed for use in computer simulation of the extraction process. The correlations are based on chemical mass action principles in which the metal complexation in the aqueous phase, polymerization in the organic phase, precipitation in the aqueous phase, and aqueous phase activity coefficients are considered. Extraction behavior of other lanthanides from a succinate medium is also discussed.

  4. Electrochromic and gas adsorption properties of Langmuir-Blodgett films of lutetium bisphthalocyanine complexes

    SciTech Connect

    Rodriguez-Mendez, M.L.; Aroca, R. ); DeSaja, J.A. )

    1993-07-01

    The electrochromic behaviour, spectroscopic properties and gas chemisorption of ultra thin films of lutetium octa-4-phenyldiphthalocyanine (LuPc[sub 2][sup Ph]), and the lutetium octa-3-bromo-octa-5-tert-butylphthalocyanine (LuPc[sub 2][sup tBr]) are reported. Electrochromism was observed for Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) and films cast onto indium tin oxide (ITO) coated glass electrodes in aqueous KClO[sub 4] solution. Mixed LB films supported on ITO glass electrodes were more stable to repetitive cycling than cast films. Films of LuPc[sub 2][sup Ph] and LuPc[sub 2][sup tBr] were sensitive to electron-acceptor gases as observed by the changes in the electronic absorption spectra and the surface-enhanced resonance Raman scattering (SERRS) spectra. The presence of electron-withdrawing bromine atoms in the phthalocyanine ring increased the rate of desorption for chemisorbed electron-acceptor molecules. 10 refs., 8 figs., 3 tabs.

  5. Atomic and electronic structures of lutetium oxide Lu{sub 2}O{sub 3}

    SciTech Connect

    Kaichev, V. V.; Asanova, T. I.; Erenburg, S. B.; Perevalov, T. V.; Shvets, V. A.; Gritsenko, V. A.

    2013-02-15

    The chemical composition, electronic structure, structure, and physical properties a lutetium oxide Lu{sub 2}O{sub 3} film are studied by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, ellipsometry, and X-ray absorption spectroscopy. The short-range order in Lu{sub 2}O{sub 3} is found to correspond to its cubic modification. The binding energies of the 1s and 2p levels of oxygen and the 4d{sub 5/2} and 4f{sub 7/2} levels of lutetium are 529.2, 5.0 and 7.4, 195.9 eV, respectively. The energy gap determined from the electron energy loss spectrum of the film is 5.9 eV. The electron energy loss spectra have two peaks at 17.4 and 22.0 eV, which can be attributed to the excitation of bulk plasma oscillations. The dispersion of the refractive index is measured by spectral ellipsometry. The refractive index is shown to increase from 1.82 at 1.5 eV to 2.18 at 5.0 eV, and the high-frequency permittivity of Lu{sub 2}O{sub 3} is 3.31.

  6. On the photoelectron velocity-map imaging of lutetium monoxide anion LuO{sup −}

    SciTech Connect

    Liu, Zhiling; Xie, Hua; Qin, Zhengbo; Cong, Ran; Wu, Xia; Tang, Zichao Fan, Hongjun; Li, Quanjiang

    2014-01-21

    We report a combined photoelectron velocity-map imaging spectroscopy and density functional theory investigation on lutetium monoxide anion. Transition between the X {sup 1}Σ{sup +} anion electronic ground state and the neutral X {sup 2}Σ{sup +} electronic ground state is observed. Vibrationally resolved spectra were obtained at four different photon energies, providing a wealth of spectroscopic information for the electronic ground states of the anionic lutetium monoxide and corresponding neutral species. Franck-Condon simulations of the ground-state transition are performed to assign vibrational structure in the spectra and to assist in identifying the observed spectral bands. The electronic ground state of LuO{sup −} is found to have a vibrational frequency of 743 ± 10 cm{sup −1} and an equilibrium bond length of 1.841 Å. The electron affinity of LuO is measured to be 1.624 ± 0.002 eV. The fundamental frequency of ground-state LuO is estimated to be 839 ± 10 cm{sup −1}.

  7. 46 CFR 108.157 - Locked doors.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Locked doors. 108.157 Section 108.157 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) A-MOBILE OFFSHORE DRILLING UNITS DESIGN AND EQUIPMENT Construction and Arrangement Means of Escape § 108.157 Locked doors. No door to the required means of escape may be designed to lock except— (a)...

  8. Vacuum Ultraviolet Field Emission Lamp Consisting of Neodymium Ion Doped Lutetium Fluoride Thin Film as Phosphor

    PubMed Central

    Yanagihara, Masahiro; Tsuji, Takayuki; Yusop, Mohd Zamri; Tanemura, Masaki; Nagami, Tomohito; Fukuda, Kentaro; Suyama, Toshihisa; Yokota, Yuui; Yanagida, Takayuki; Yoshikawa, Akira

    2014-01-01

    A vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) field emission lamp was developed by using a neodymium ion doped lutetium fluoride (Nd3+ : LuF3) thin film as solid-state phosphor and carbon nanofiber field electron emitters. The thin film was synthesized by pulsed laser deposition and incorporated into the lamp. The cathodoluminescence spectra of the lamp showed multiple emission peaks at 180, 225, and 255 nm. These emission spectra were in good agreement with the spectra reported for the Nd3+ : LuF3 crystal. Moreover, application of an acceleration voltage effectively increased the emission intensity. These results contribute to the performance enhancement of the lamp operating in the VUV region. PMID:25302320

  9. Photoelectric conversion and electrochromic properties of lutetium tetrakis(tert-butyl)bisphthalocyaninate

    SciTech Connect

    Hu, Andrew Teh; Hu Tenyi; Liu Lungchang

    2003-12-10

    Both photoelectric and electrochromic effects on lutetium tetrakis(tert-butyl)bisphthalocyaninate (Lu(TBPc){sub 2}) have been carried out in this study. Lu(TBPc){sub 2} is known for its electrochromic performance, but its photoelectric effect has not mentioned in the literature. The electrochromic properties of Lu(TBPc){sub 2} have been measured by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and UV-Vis spectrometer at the same time. It takes less than 1.5 s for the color to change from red to green under 0.9 V. Its cycle life is at least over 500 times. Furthermore, we also investigate its photoelectric conversion properties. Its photoelectric cell exhibits a positive photo-electricity conversion effect with a short-circuit photocurrent (46.4 {mu}A/cm{sup 2}) under illumination of white light (1.201 mW/cm{sup 2})

  10. Photoemission spectroscopy study of the lanthanum lutetium oxide/silicon interface

    SciTech Connect

    Nichau, A.; Schnee, M.; Schubert, J.; Bernardy, P.; Hollaender, B.; Buca, D.; Mantl, S.; Besmehn, A.; Breuer, U.; Rubio-Zuazo, J.; Castro, G. R.; Muecklich, A.; Borany, J. von

    2013-04-21

    Rare earth oxides are promising candidates for future integration into nano-electronics. A key property of these oxides is their ability to form silicates in order to replace the interfacial layer in Si-based complementary metal-oxide field effect transistors. In this work a detailed study of lanthanum lutetium oxide based gate stacks is presented. Special attention is given to the silicate formation at temperatures typical for CMOS processing. The experimental analysis is based on hard x-ray photoemission spectroscopy complemented by standard laboratory experiments as Rutherford backscattering spectrometry and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. Homogenously distributed La silicate and Lu silicate at the Si interface are proven to form already during gate oxide deposition. During the thermal treatment Si atoms diffuse through the oxide layer towards the TiN metal gate. This mechanism is identified to be promoted via Lu-O bonds, whereby the diffusion of La was found to be less important.

  11. BPC 157 and blood vessels.

    PubMed

    Seiwerth, Sven; Brcic, Luka; Vuletic, Lovorka Batelja; Kolenc, Danijela; Aralica, Gorana; Misic, Marija; Zenko, Anita; Drmic, Domagoj; Rucman, Rudolf; Sikiric, Predrag

    2014-01-01

    This review focuses on the described effects of BPC 157 on blood vessels after different types of damage, and elucidate by investigating different aspects of vascular response to injury (endothelium damage, clotting, thrombosis, vasoconstriction, vasodilatation, vasculoneogenesis and edema formation) especially in connection to the healing processes. In this respect, BPC 157 was concluded to be the most potent angiomodulatory agent, acting through different vasoactive pathways and systems (e.g. NO, VEGF, FAK) and leading to optimization of the vascular response followed, as it has to be expected, by optimization of the healing process. Formation of new blood vessels involves two main, partly overlapping mechanisms, angiogenesis and vasculogenesis. The additional mechanism of arteriogenesis is involved in the formation of collaterals. In conjunction with blood vessel function, we at least have to consider leakage of fluid/proteins/plasma, resulting in edema/exudate formation as well as thrombogenesis. Blood vessels are also strongly involved in tumor biology. In this aspect, we have neoangiogenesis resulting in pathological vascularization, vascular invasion resulting in release of metastatic cells and the phenomenon of homing resulting in formation of secondary tumors--metastases. PMID:23782145

  12. 7 CFR 4287.157 - Liquidation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Liquidation. 4287.157 Section 4287.157 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE AND RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SERVICING Servicing Business and Industry Guaranteed...

  13. 7 CFR 4287.157 - Liquidation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Liquidation. 4287.157 Section 4287.157 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE AND RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SERVICING Servicing Business and Industry Guaranteed...

  14. 7 CFR 4287.157 - Liquidation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Liquidation. 4287.157 Section 4287.157 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE AND RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SERVICING Servicing Business and Industry Guaranteed...

  15. 33 CFR 157.610 - Operational measures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Operational measures. 157.610... Interim Measures for Certain Tank Vessels Without Double Hulls Carrying Other Non-Petroleum Oil § 157.610 Operational measures. An owner or operator of a tank vessel that carries other non-petroleum oil in bulk...

  16. 33 CFR 157.610 - Operational measures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Operational measures. 157.610... Interim Measures for Certain Tank Vessels Without Double Hulls Carrying Other Non-Petroleum Oil § 157.610 Operational measures. An owner or operator of a tank vessel that carries other non-petroleum oil in bulk...

  17. 33 CFR 157.610 - Operational measures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Operational measures. 157.610... Interim Measures for Certain Tank Vessels Without Double Hulls Carrying Other Non-Petroleum Oil § 157.610 Operational measures. An owner or operator of a tank vessel that carries other non-petroleum oil in bulk...

  18. 33 CFR 157.610 - Operational measures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Operational measures. 157.610... Interim Measures for Certain Tank Vessels Without Double Hulls Carrying Other Non-Petroleum Oil § 157.610 Operational measures. An owner or operator of a tank vessel that carries other non-petroleum oil in bulk...

  19. 33 CFR 157.610 - Operational measures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Operational measures. 157.610... Interim Measures for Certain Tank Vessels Without Double Hulls Carrying Other Non-Petroleum Oil § 157.610 Operational measures. An owner or operator of a tank vessel that carries other non-petroleum oil in bulk...

  20. 32 CFR 644.157 - Procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Procedures. 644.157 Section 644.157 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED) REAL PROPERTY REAL ESTATE... passage of any vehicle (land, air, or water) on the area traversed. All possibilities of...

  1. 33 CFR 157.07 - Equivalents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... CFR 30.15-1, of a design or an equipment to fulfill a requirement in this part, except an operational... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Equivalents. 157.07 Section 157.07 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED)...

  2. 33 CFR 157.07 - Equivalents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... CFR 30.15-1, of a design or an equipment to fulfill a requirement in this part, except an operational... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Equivalents. 157.07 Section 157.07 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED)...

  3. 33 CFR 157.07 - Equivalents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... CFR 30.15-1, of a design or an equipment to fulfill a requirement in this part, except an operational... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Equivalents. 157.07 Section 157.07 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED)...

  4. 33 CFR 157.07 - Equivalents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... CFR 30.15-1, of a design or an equipment to fulfill a requirement in this part, except an operational... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Equivalents. 157.07 Section 157.07 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED)...

  5. 33 CFR 157.07 - Equivalents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... CFR 30.15-1, of a design or an equipment to fulfill a requirement in this part, except an operational... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Equivalents. 157.07 Section 157.07 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED)...

  6. 18 CFR 157.11 - Hearings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Hearings. 157.11..., Construction, Extension, Acquisition or Abandonment § 157.11 Hearings. (a) General. The Commission will schedule each application for public hearing at the earliest date possible giving due consideration...

  7. 18 CFR 157.37 - Project design.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Project design. 157.37... Seasons for Alaska Natural Gas Transportation Projects § 157.37 Project design. In reviewing any... proposed project has been designed to accommodate the needs of shippers who have made conforming...

  8. 18 CFR 157.53 - Testing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Testing. 157.53 Section 157.53 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER NATURAL GAS ACT APPLICATIONS FOR CERTIFICATES OF PUBLIC CONVENIENCE AND NECESSITY AND FOR ORDERS PERMITTING AND...

  9. 33 CFR 157.12a - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Definitions. 157.12a Section 157.12a Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) POLLUTION RULES FOR THE PROTECTION OF THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT RELATING TO TANK VESSELS CARRYING OIL IN BULK Design, Equipment, and Installation §...

  10. 14 CFR 171.157 - Performance requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... the Convention of International Civil Aviation). (b) It must be shown during ground inspection of the... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Performance requirements. 171.157 Section 171.157 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION...

  11. 14 CFR 171.157 - Performance requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... the Convention of International Civil Aviation). (b) It must be shown during ground inspection of the... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Performance requirements. 171.157 Section 171.157 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION...

  12. 14 CFR 171.157 - Performance requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... the Convention of International Civil Aviation). (b) It must be shown during ground inspection of the... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Performance requirements. 171.157 Section 171.157 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION...

  13. 14 CFR 171.157 - Performance requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... the Convention of International Civil Aviation). (b) It must be shown during ground inspection of the... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Performance requirements. 171.157 Section 171.157 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION...

  14. 14 CFR 171.157 - Performance requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... the Convention of International Civil Aviation). (b) It must be shown during ground inspection of the... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Performance requirements. 171.157 Section 171.157 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION...

  15. 18 CFR 157.211 - Delivery points.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Delivery points. 157.211 Section 157.211 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION... supporting data, of the impact of the service rendered through the proposed delivery tap upon the...

  16. 18 CFR 157.211 - Delivery points.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Delivery points. 157.211 Section 157.211 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION... supporting data, of the impact of the service rendered through the proposed delivery tap upon the...

  17. 18 CFR 157.211 - Delivery points.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Delivery points. 157.211 Section 157.211 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION... supporting data, of the impact of the service rendered through the proposed delivery tap upon the...

  18. 18 CFR 157.211 - Delivery points.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Delivery points. 157.211 Section 157.211 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION... supporting data, of the impact of the service rendered through the proposed delivery tap upon the...

  19. 18 CFR 157.211 - Delivery points.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Delivery points. 157.211 Section 157.211 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION... supporting data, of the impact of the service rendered through the proposed delivery tap upon the...

  20. 18 CFR 157.206 - Standard conditions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Discharge Elimination System Program, 40 CFR part 122 et seq.; (ii) Clean Air Act, as amended (42 U.S.C. 1801 et seq.) and air quality regulations and state implementation plans adopted pursuant to 40 CFR.... 157.206 Section 157.206 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY...

  1. 18 CFR 157.206 - Standard conditions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Standard conditions. 157.206 Section 157.206 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER NATURAL GAS ACT APPLICATIONS FOR CERTIFICATES OF PUBLIC CONVENIENCE AND NECESSITY AND FOR ORDERS...

  2. 18 CFR 157.206 - Standard conditions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Discharge Elimination System Program, 40 CFR part 122 et seq.; (ii) Clean Air Act, as amended (42 U.S.C. 1801 et seq.) and air quality regulations and state implementation plans adopted pursuant to 40 CFR.... 157.206 Section 157.206 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY...

  3. 18 CFR 157.206 - Standard conditions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Discharge Elimination System Program, 40 CFR part 122 et seq.; (ii) Clean Air Act, as amended (42 U.S.C. 1801 et seq.) and air quality regulations and state implementation plans adopted pursuant to 40 CFR.... 157.206 Section 157.206 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY...

  4. 18 CFR 157.37 - Project design.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Project design. 157.37... Seasons for Alaska Natural Gas Transportation Projects § 157.37 Project design. In reviewing any application for an Alaska natural gas pipeline project, the Commission will consider the extent to which...

  5. 18 CFR 157.37 - Project design.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Project design. 157.37... Seasons for Alaska Natural Gas Transportation Projects § 157.37 Project design. In reviewing any application for an Alaska natural gas pipeline project, the Commission will consider the extent to which...

  6. 18 CFR 157.37 - Project design.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Project design. 157.37... Seasons for Alaska Natural Gas Transportation Projects § 157.37 Project design. In reviewing any application for an Alaska natural gas pipeline project, the Commission will consider the extent to which...

  7. 46 CFR 108.157 - Locked doors.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Locked doors. 108.157 Section 108.157 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) A-MOBILE OFFSHORE DRILLING UNITS DESIGN AND EQUIPMENT... outside door to a deckhouse if the door can be locked by key only and if the master or person in...

  8. 33 CFR 157.128 - Stripping system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Design, Equipment, and Installation § 157.128 Stripping...) must have a stripping system that is designed to remove crude oil from— (1) Each cargo tank at 1.25... under § 157.140(a)(2). (b) Each cargo tank must be designed to allow the level of crude oil in the...

  9. 33 CFR 157.128 - Stripping system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Design, Equipment, and Installation § 157.128 Stripping...) must have a stripping system that is designed to remove crude oil from— (1) Each cargo tank at 1.25... under § 157.140(a)(2). (b) Each cargo tank must be designed to allow the level of crude oil in the...

  10. 33 CFR 157.154 - Assistant personnel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) POLLUTION RULES FOR THE PROTECTION OF THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT RELATING TO TANK VESSELS CARRYING OIL IN BULK Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Personnel § 157.154 Assistant personnel. The owner... the Crude Oil Washing Operations and Equipment Manual approved by the Coast Guard under § 157.112...

  11. 33 CFR 157.154 - Assistant personnel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...) POLLUTION RULES FOR THE PROTECTION OF THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT RELATING TO TANK VESSELS CARRYING OIL IN BULK Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Personnel § 157.154 Assistant personnel. The owner... the Crude Oil Washing Operations and Equipment Manual approved by the Coast Guard under § 157.112...

  12. 18 CFR 157.203 - Blanket certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Blanket certification. 157.203 Section 157.203 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER NATURAL GAS ACT APPLICATIONS FOR CERTIFICATES OF PUBLIC CONVENIENCE AND NECESSITY AND FOR ORDERS...

  13. 7 CFR 97.157 - Professional conduct.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Professional conduct. 97.157 Section 97.157 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) COMMODITY LABORATORY TESTING...

  14. 18 CFR 157.37 - Project design.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Project design. 157.37... Seasons for Alaska Natural Gas Transportation Projects § 157.37 Project design. In reviewing any... proposed project has been designed to accommodate the needs of shippers who have made conforming...

  15. 18 CFR 157.206 - Standard conditions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Discharge Elimination System Program, 40 CFR part 122 et seq.; (ii) Clean Air Act, as amended (42 U.S.C. 1801 et seq.) and air quality regulations and state implementation plans adopted pursuant to 40 CFR.... 157.206 Section 157.206 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY...

  16. 44 CFR 15.7 - Disturbances.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Disturbances. 15.7 Section 15.7 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL CONDUCT AT THE MT. WEATHER EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE CENTER AND AT THE NATIONAL...

  17. 44 CFR 15.7 - Disturbances.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Disturbances. 15.7 Section 15.7 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL CONDUCT AT THE MT. WEATHER EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE CENTER AND AT THE NATIONAL...

  18. 44 CFR 15.7 - Disturbances.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true Disturbances. 15.7 Section 15.7 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL CONDUCT AT THE MT. WEATHER EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE CENTER AND AT THE NATIONAL...

  19. 44 CFR 15.7 - Disturbances.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Disturbances. 15.7 Section 15.7 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL CONDUCT AT THE MT. WEATHER EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE CENTER AND AT THE NATIONAL...

  20. 18 CFR 157.11 - Hearings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Hearings. 157.11 Section 157.11 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER NATURAL GAS ACT APPLICATIONS FOR CERTIFICATES OF PUBLIC CONVENIENCE AND NECESSITY AND FOR ORDERS PERMITTING AND...

  1. 33 CFR 157.35 - Ballast added to cargo tanks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... compliance with § 157.37; and (d) On a new vessel under § 157.10 that carries crude oil, the ballast water is....10a(b), § 157.10a(c), § 157.10b(a), § 157.10c(b)(1), or § 157.10c(c) shall ensure that ballast water...; (b) More ballast water than can be carried in segregated ballast tanks or dedicated clean...

  2. 33 CFR 157.35 - Ballast added to cargo tanks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... compliance with § 157.37; and (d) On a new vessel under § 157.10 that carries crude oil, the ballast water is....10a(b), § 157.10a(c), § 157.10b(a), § 157.10c(b)(1), or § 157.10c(c) shall ensure that ballast water...; (b) More ballast water than can be carried in segregated ballast tanks or dedicated clean...

  3. 33 CFR 157.35 - Ballast added to cargo tanks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... compliance with § 157.37; and (d) On a new vessel under § 157.10 that carries crude oil, the ballast water is....10a(b), § 157.10a(c), § 157.10b(a), § 157.10c(b)(1), or § 157.10c(c) shall ensure that ballast water...; (b) More ballast water than can be carried in segregated ballast tanks or dedicated clean...

  4. Features of the spectral dependences of transmittance of organic semiconductors based on tert-butyl substituted lutetium phthalocyanine molecules

    SciTech Connect

    Belogorokhov, I. A.; Tikhonov, E. V.; Dronov, M. A.; Belogorokhova, L. I.; Ryabchikov, Yu. V.; Tomilova, L. G.; Khokhlov, D. R.

    2011-11-15

    Vibronic properties of organic semiconductors based on tert-butyl substituted phthalocyanine lutetium diphthalocyanine molecules are studied by IR and Raman spectroscopy. It is shown that substitution of several carbon atoms in initial phthalocyanine (Pc) ligands with {sup 13}C isotope atoms causes a spectral shift in the main absorption lines attributed to benzene, isoindol, and peripheral C-H groups. A comparison of spectral characteristics showed that the shift can vary from 3 to 1 cm{sup -1}.

  5. Auto-ionization in lutetium iodide complexes: effect of the Iioic radius on lanthanide-iodide binding.

    PubMed

    Giesbrecht, Garth R; Gordon, John C; Clark, David L; Scott, Brian L

    2004-02-01

    Reaction of lutetium metal with 1.5 equiv of elemental iodine in 2-propanol leads to the isolation of LuI(3)(HO(i)Pr)(4) (1). An X-ray crystal structure reveals an ionic structure with well-separated [LuI(2)(HO(i)Pr)(4)] cations and [I] anions. Dissolution of 1 in pyridine generates the unusual alkoxide species [LuI(O(i)Pr)(py)(5)][I] (2) with the elimination of HI. An X-ray crystal structure of 2 confirmed the ionic nature of the compound, with the cationic portion of the complex exhibiting a seven-coordinated lutetium center with trans-disposed iodo and alkoxide ligands and five pyridine molecules equally displaced within the equatorial plane. Exposure of 2 to iodotrimethylsilane yields the expected triiodide species [LuI(2)(py)(5)][I] (3), which may also be prepared by refluxing commercially available LuI(3) in THF, followed by crystallization from a THF/pyridine mixture. The solid-state structure of 3 is similar to that of 2, with the alkoxide ligand having been replaced by an iodide. The formation of ionic structures 1-3 as opposed to the higher-coordinated neutral species may be traced to the small lutetium center and the presence of relatively strong Lewis bases within the coordination sphere of the metal. PMID:14753829

  6. 33 CFR 157.510 - Operational measures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Interim Measures for Certain Tank Vessels Without Double Hulls Carrying Animal Fat or Vegetable Oil § 157.510 Operational measures. An owner or operator of a tank vessel that carries animal fat or...

  7. 33 CFR 157.510 - Operational measures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Interim Measures for Certain Tank Vessels Without Double Hulls Carrying Animal Fat or Vegetable Oil § 157.510 Operational measures. An owner or operator of a tank vessel that carries animal fat or...

  8. 33 CFR 157.510 - Operational measures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Interim Measures for Certain Tank Vessels Without Double Hulls Carrying Animal Fat or Vegetable Oil § 157.510 Operational measures. An owner or operator of a tank vessel that carries animal fat or...

  9. 50 CFR 300.157 - Penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    .... Nationals Fishing in Russian Fisheries § 300.157 Penalties. In addition to any fine, penalty, or forfeiture imposed by the Russian Federation, nationals and vessels of the United States violating the...

  10. 50 CFR 300.157 - Penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    .... Nationals Fishing in Russian Fisheries § 300.157 Penalties. In addition to any fine, penalty, or forfeiture imposed by the Russian Federation, nationals and vessels of the United States violating the...

  11. 37 CFR 41.157 - Taking testimony.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... OF COMMERCE PRACTICE BEFORE THE PATENT TRIAL AND APPEAL BOARD Contested Cases § 41.157 Taking... the scope and nature of the testimony to be elicited. (5) Motion to quash. Objection to a defect...

  12. 33 CFR 157.06 - Appeals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... THE PROTECTION OF THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT RELATING TO TANK VESSELS CARRYING OIL IN BULK General § 157...) If the delay in presenting a written appeal would have a significant adverse impact on the...

  13. 33 CFR 157.06 - Appeals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... THE PROTECTION OF THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT RELATING TO TANK VESSELS CARRYING OIL IN BULK General § 157...) If the delay in presenting a written appeal would have a significant adverse impact on the...

  14. 33 CFR 157.104 - Scale models.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... RULES FOR THE PROTECTION OF THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT RELATING TO TANK VESSELS CARRYING OIL IN BULK Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels General § 157.104 Scale models. If the pattern under §...

  15. 33 CFR 157.104 - Scale models.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... RULES FOR THE PROTECTION OF THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT RELATING TO TANK VESSELS CARRYING OIL IN BULK Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels General § 157.104 Scale models. If the pattern under §...

  16. 50 CFR 300.157 - Penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    .... Nationals Fishing in Russian Fisheries § 300.157 Penalties. In addition to any fine, penalty, or forfeiture imposed by the Russian Federation, nationals and vessels of the United States violating the...

  17. 50 CFR 300.157 - Penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    .... Nationals Fishing in Russian Fisheries § 300.157 Penalties. In addition to any fine, penalty, or forfeiture imposed by the Russian Federation, nationals and vessels of the United States violating the...

  18. 50 CFR 300.157 - Penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    .... Nationals Fishing in Russian Fisheries § 300.157 Penalties. In addition to any fine, penalty, or forfeiture imposed by the Russian Federation, nationals and vessels of the United States violating the...

  19. 32 CFR 644.157 - Procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... HANDBOOK Acquisition Acquisition of Rights-Of-Entry § 644.157 Procedures. (a) ENG Form 1258, Right-of-Entry for Survey and Exploration, will be used to obtain authority from the owner of lands to be used...

  20. 32 CFR 644.157 - Procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... HANDBOOK Acquisition Acquisition of Rights-Of-Entry § 644.157 Procedures. (a) ENG Form 1258, Right-of-Entry for Survey and Exploration, will be used to obtain authority from the owner of lands to be used...

  1. 33 CFR 157.09 - Segregated ballast.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... that the mathematical average of the hypothetical collision (Oc) and the hypothetical stranding (Os... (Os) outflows, determined by application of the procedures in § 157.19 and appendix B, is a further...

  2. Non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157:H7 is a leading cause of food-borne illness in the United States; however, recent reports have shown that non-O157 STEC serogroups contribute to more illnesses than O157:H7. Illness caused by non-O157 STEC strains are generally less severe than tho...

  3. 33 CFR 157.15 - Slop tanks in tank vessels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... affecting § 157.15, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding Aids section of the..., § 157.10, § 157.10a, or § 157.10b; or (2) No eductors arrangements that use water in addition to...

  4. 33 CFR 157.15 - Slop tanks in tank vessels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... affecting § 157.15, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding Aids section of the..., § 157.10, § 157.10a, or § 157.10b; or (2) No eductors arrangements that use water in addition to...

  5. 33 CFR 157.140 - Tank vessel inspections.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Inspections § 157.140 Tank vessel inspections. (a) Before... having a COW system under § 157.10(e), § 157.10(a)(2), or § 157.10c(b)(2) and each foreign tank...

  6. 33 CFR 157.140 - Tank vessel inspections.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Inspections § 157.140 Tank vessel inspections. (a) Before... having a COW system under § 157.10(e), § 157.10(a)(2), or § 157.10c(b)(2) and each foreign tank...

  7. 33 CFR 157.140 - Tank vessel inspections.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Inspections § 157.140 Tank vessel inspections. (a) Before... having a COW system under § 157.10(e), § 157.10(a)(2), or § 157.10c(b)(2) and each foreign tank...

  8. 33 CFR 157.11 - Pumping, piping and discharge arrangements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...) Each tank vessel to which § 157.10d applies that is built under a contract awarded after September 11... arrangements. 157.11 Section 157.11 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND... CARRYING OIL IN BULK Design, Equipment, and Installation § 157.11 Pumping, piping and...

  9. 33 CFR 157.11 - Pumping, piping and discharge arrangements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...) Each tank vessel to which § 157.10d applies that is built under a contract awarded after September 11... arrangements. 157.11 Section 157.11 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND... CARRYING OIL IN BULK Design, Equipment, and Installation § 157.11 Pumping, piping and...

  10. A Brief Overview of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Its Plasmid O157

    PubMed Central

    Lim, Ji Youn; Yoon, Jang W.; Hovde, Carolyn J.

    2013-01-01

    Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 is a major foodborne pathogen causing severe disease in humans worldwide. Healthy cattle are a reservoir of E. coli O157:H7, and bovine food products and fresh produce contaminated with bovine waste are the most common sources for disease outbreaks in the United States. E. coli O157:H7 also survives well in the environment. The abilities to cause human disease, colonize the bovine gastrointestinal tract, and survive in the environment require that E. coli O157:H7 adapt to a wide variety of conditions. Three major virulence factors of E. coli O157:H7 have been identified including Shiga toxins, products of the pathogenicity island called the locus of enterocyte effacement, and products of the F-like plasmid pO157. Among these virulence factors, the role of pO157 is least understood. This review provides a board overview of E. coli O157:H7 with an emphasis on pO157. PMID:20134227

  11. Physical properties of zircon and scheelite lutetium orthovanadate: Experiment and first-principles calculation

    SciTech Connect

    Huang, Zuocai; Zhang, Lei; Pan, Wei

    2013-09-15

    Pure zircon and scheelite LuVO{sub 4} were prepared by solid state reaction and high-pressure route, respectively. Structure, elastic constants, lattice dynamics and thermodynamics of LuVO{sub 4} polymorphs were studied by experiments and first principles calculation. Calculations here are in good agreement with the experimental results. The phonon dispersions of LuVO{sub 4} polymorphs were studied by the linear response method. The calculated phonon dispersions show that zircon and scheelite LuVO{sub 4} phases are dynamically stable. Raman-active frequencies were measured and assigned to different modes according to the calculations. The internal frequencies shift downward after phase transition from zircon to scheelite. Born effective charge tensors elements for both phases are analyzed. The finite temperature thermodynamic properties of LuVO{sub 4} polymorphs were calculated from the obtained phonon density of states by quasi-harmonic approach. - Graphical abstract: Lutetium orthovanadate polymorphs were synthesized by SSR and HP methods and their physical and chemical properties, including lattice dynamical properties, were determined by DFT calculations and experiments. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Pure zircon and scheelite LuVO{sub 4} polymorphs were synthesized by solid state reaction and high-pressure route. • Chemical and physical properties of LuVO4 polymorphs were studied by experiments and first principles calculation. • Raman-active frequencies were measured and assigned to different modes according to the calculations. • Lattice dynamics of polymorphs were discussed in details.

  12. Structural, elastic and vibrational properties of nanocrystalline lutetium gallium garnet under high pressure.

    PubMed

    Monteseguro, V; Rodríguez-Hernández, P; Ortiz, H M; Venkatramu, V; Manjón, F J; Jayasankar, C K; Lavín, V; Muñoz, A

    2015-04-14

    An ab initio study of the structural, elastic and vibrational properties of the lutetium gallium garnet (Lu3Ga5O12) under pressure has been performed in the framework of the density functional theory, up to 95 GPa. Pressure dependence of the elastic constants and the mechanical stability are analyzed, showing that the garnet structure is mechanically unstable above 87 GPa. Lattice-dynamics calculations in bulk at different pressures have been performed and compared with Raman scattering measurements of the nanocrystalline Tm(3+)-doped Lu3Ga5O12 up to 60 GPa. The theoretical frequencies and pressure coefficients of the Raman active modes for bulk Lu3Ga5O12 are in good agreement with the experimental data measured for the nano-crystals. The contributions of the different atoms to the vibrational modes have been analyzed based on the calculated total and partial phonon density of states. The vibrational modes have been discussed in relation to the internal and external modes of the GaO4 tetrahedron and the GaO6 octahedron. The calculated infrared modes and their pressure dependence are also reported. Our results show that with this nano-garnet size the sample has essentially bulk properties. PMID:25767835

  13. 33 CFR 157.155 - COW operations: General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false COW operations: General. 157.155... Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Cow Operations § 157.155 COW operations: General. (a) The master of a tank vessel having a COW system under § 157.10(e), § 157.10a(a)(2), or 157.10c(b)(2)...

  14. 33 CFR 157.155 - COW operations: General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false COW operations: General. 157.155... Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Cow Operations § 157.155 COW operations: General. (a) The master of a tank vessel having a COW system under § 157.10(e), § 157.10a(a)(2), or 157.10c(b)(2)...

  15. 33 CFR 157.155 - COW operations: General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false COW operations: General. 157.155... Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Cow Operations § 157.155 COW operations: General. (a) The master of a tank vessel having a COW system under § 157.10(e), § 157.10a(a)(2), or 157.10c(b)(2)...

  16. Lytic bacteriophages reduce Escherichia coli O157

    PubMed Central

    Ferguson, Sean; Roberts, Cheryl; Handy, Eric; Sharma, Manan

    2013-01-01

    The role of lytic bacteriophages in preventing cross contamination of produce has not been evaluated. A cocktail of three lytic phages specific for E. coli O157:H7 (EcoShield™) or a control (phosphate buffered saline, PBS) was applied to lettuce by either; (1) immersion of lettuce in 500 ml of EcoShield™ 8.3 log PFU/ml or 9.8 log PFU/ml for up to 2 min before inoculation with E. coli O157:H7; (2) spray-application of EcoShield™ (9.3 log PFU/ml) to lettuce after inoculation with E. coli O157:H7 (4.10 CFU/cm2) following exposure to 50 μg/ml chlorine for 30 sec. After immersion studies, lettuce was spot-inoculated with E. coli O157:H7 (2.38 CFU/cm2). Phage-treated, inoculated lettuce pieces were stored at 4°C for and analyzed for E. coli O157:H7 populations for up to 7 d. Immersion of lettuce in 9.8 log PFU/ml EcoShield™ for 2 min significantly (p < 0.05) reduced E. coli O157:H7 populations after 24 h when stored at 4°C compared with controls. Immersion of lettuce in suspensions containing high concentrations of EcoShield™ (9.8 log PFU/ml) resulted in the deposition of high concentrations (7.8 log log PFU/cm2) of bacteriophages on the surface of fresh cut lettuce, potentially contributing to the efficacy of the lytic phages on lettuce. Spraying phages on to inoculated fresh cut lettuce after being washed in hypochlorite solution was significantly more effective in reducing E. coli O157:H7 populations (2.22 log CFU/cm2) on day 0 compared with control treatments (4.10 log CFU/cm2). Both immersion and spray treatments provided protection from E. coli O157:H7 contamination on lettuce, but spray application of lytic bacteriophages to lettuce was more effective in immediately reducing E. coli O157:H7 populations fresh cut lettuce. PMID:23819106

  17. Parameters for the RM1 Quantum Chemical Calculation of Complexes of the Trications of Thulium, Ytterbium and Lutetium

    PubMed Central

    Filho, Manoel A. M.; Dutra, José Diogo L.; Rocha, Gerd B.; Simas, Alfredo M.

    2016-01-01

    The RM1 quantum chemical model for the calculation of complexes of Tm(III), Yb(III) and Lu(III) is advanced. Subsequently, we tested the models by fully optimizing the geometries of 126 complexes. We then compared the optimized structures with known crystallographic ones from the Cambridge Structural Database. Results indicate that, for thulium complexes, the accuracy in terms of the distances between the lanthanide ion and its directly coordinated atoms is about 2%. Corresponding results for ytterbium and lutetium are both 3%, levels of accuracy useful for the design of lanthanide complexes, targeting their countless applications. PMID:27223475

  18. Parameters for the RM1 Quantum Chemical Calculation of Complexes of the Trications of Thulium, Ytterbium and Lutetium.

    PubMed

    Filho, Manoel A M; Dutra, José Diogo L; Rocha, Gerd B; Simas, Alfredo M; Freire, Ricardo O

    2016-01-01

    The RM1 quantum chemical model for the calculation of complexes of Tm(III), Yb(III) and Lu(III) is advanced. Subsequently, we tested the models by fully optimizing the geometries of 126 complexes. We then compared the optimized structures with known crystallographic ones from the Cambridge Structural Database. Results indicate that, for thulium complexes, the accuracy in terms of the distances between the lanthanide ion and its directly coordinated atoms is about 2%. Corresponding results for ytterbium and lutetium are both 3%, levels of accuracy useful for the design of lanthanide complexes, targeting their countless applications. PMID:27223475

  19. Investigation of high pressure phase transition and electronic properties of Lutetium Nitride

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, Sanjay Kumar; Verma, U. P.

    2015-09-01

    In the present manuscript we have investigated the structural, electronic and phase transition properties of the heaviest lanthanide lutetium nitride (LuN) compound using an ab initio calculations based on the density functional theory with Perdrew, Burke and Ernzerhof generalized gradient approximation (PBE-GGA) and Engel-Vosko(EV)-GGA as implemented in WIEN2k code. The basic ground state properties viz., lattice constants (a), bulk modulus (B0) and its pressure derivative (B0’) and total energy (E0) are calculated. The calculated values of lattice constant is 4.76 Å which is in good agreement with experimental value a= 4.76 A and other theoretical value. The relative stabilities of LuN at high pressures in the NaCl (B1), CsCl (B2), zinc blende (B3) and body centred tetragonal (BCT) structures are analysed. At compressed volumes, this compound is found to favour the CsCl phase rather the body centred tetragonal phase and zinc blende as observed in other lanthanum pnictides, which has been predicted by the total energy minimization. Under compression LuN undergoes a transition from NaCl to CsCl type structure at around 250.81 GPa with a volume collapse of 3.75%. To see the effect of functional we have also computed the band structure in B1 and B2 structure. Obtained result on band structure shows that LuN are semimetal by GGA while depicts semiconducting behaviour by EV-GGA. It shows metallic nature in B2 phase.

  20. Photodynamic therapy trials with lutetium texaphyrin (Lu-Tex) in patients with locally recurrent breast cancer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Renschler, Markus F.; Yuen, Alan R.; Panella, Timothy J.; Wieman, Thomas J.; Dougherty, Shona; Esserman, Laura; Panjehpour, Masoud; Taber, Scott W.; Fingar, Victor H.; Lowe, Elizabeth; Engel, Julie S.; Lum, Bert; Woodburn, Kathryn W.; Cheong, Wai-Fung; Miller, Richard A.

    1998-05-01

    Photodynamic therapy (PDT) of locally recurrent breast cancer has been limited to treatment of small lesions because of non- selective necrosis of adjacent normal tissues in the treatment field. Lutetium Texaphyrin (PCI-0123, Lu-Tex) is a photosensitizer with improved tumor localization that is activated by 732 nm light, which can penetrate through larger tumors. We have evaluated Lu-Tex in a Phase I trial and in an ongoing Phase II trial in women with locally recurrent breast cancer with large tumors who have failed radiation therapy. Patients received Lu-Tex intravenously by rapid infusion 3 hours before illumination of cutaneous or subcutaneous lesions. In Phase I, Lu-Tex doses were escalated from 0.6 to 7.2 mg/kg in 7 cohorts. Sixteen patients with locally recurrent breast cancer lesions were treated. Dose limiting toxicities above 5.5 mg/kg were pain in the treatment field during therapy, and dysesthesias in light exposed areas. No necrosis of normal tissues in the treated field was noticed. Responses were observed in 60% of evaluable patients [n equals 15, 27% complete remission (CR), 33% partial remission (PR)], with 63% of lesions responding (n equals 73: 45% CR, 18% PR). In Phase II, 25 patients have been studied to date, receiving two treatments ranging from 1.0 to 3.0 mg/kg at a 21 day interval. Treatment fields up to 480 cm2 in size were treated successfully and activity has been observed. Patients have experienced pain at the treatment site but no tissue necrosis. These studies demonstrate the feasibility of Lu-Tex PDT to large chest wall areas in women who have failed radiation therapy for the treatment of locally recurrent breast cancer. Treatment conditions are currently being optimized in the ongoing Phase II trials.

  1. Structural and electrochemical properties of lutetium bis-octachloro-phthalocyaninate nanostructured films. Application as voltammetric sensors.

    PubMed

    Alessio, P; Apetrei, C; Rubira, R J G; Constantino, C J L; Medina-Plazal, C; De Saja, J A; Rodríguez-Méndez, M L

    2014-09-01

    Thin films of the bis[2,3,9,10,16,17,23,24-octachlorophthalocyaninate] lutetium(III) complex (LuPc2Cl32) have been prepared by the Langmuir-Blodgett and the Langmuir-Schaefer (LS) techniques. The influence of the chlorine substituents in the structure of the films and in their spectroscopic, electrochemical and sensing properties has been evaluated. The π-A isotherms exhibit a monolayer stability greater than the observed in the unsubstituted analogue (LuPc2), being easily transferred to solid substrates, also in contrast to LuPc2. The LB and LS films present a linear growth forming stratified layers, monitored by UV-VIS absorption spectroscopy. The latter also revealed the presence of LuPc2Cl32 in the form of monomers and aggregates in both films. The FTIR data showed that the LuPc2Cl32 molecules present a non-preferential arrangement in both films. Monolayers of LB and LS were deposited onto 6 nm Ag island films to record surface-enhanced resonance Raman scattering (SERRS), leading to enhancement factors close to 2 x 10(3). Finally, LB and LS films deposited onto ITO glass have been successfully used as voltammetric sensors for the detection of catechol. The improved electroactivity of the LB and LS films has been confirmed by the reduction of the overpotential of the oxidation of catechol. The enhancement of the electrocatalytic effect observed in LB and LS films is the result of the nanostructured arrangement of the surface which increases the number of active sites. The sensors show a limit of detection in the range of 10(-5) mol/L. PMID:25924327

  2. A new coprecipitation methodology with lutetium hydroxide for preconcentration of heavy metal ions in herbal plant samples.

    PubMed

    Soylak, Mustafa; Murat, Ipek

    2014-01-01

    A new coprecipitation methodology that used lutetium hydroxide as a precipitant for Cu(II), Pb(II), Mn(II), Co(II), Cd(II), Fe(III), and Ni(II) ions in herbal plant and water samples for analysis by atomic absorption spectrometry has been investigated. The parameters such as pH, amount of lutetium, and volume of aqueous sample were optimized for the recovery of these seven metals. The effects of concomitant ions on the separation-preconcentration of analytes were also checked. The validation of the procedure was checked with addition recovery tests and analysis of Standard Reference Material 1570a-Trace Elements in Spinach Leaves and TMDA-70 fortified lake water Certified Reference Material. The LODs for analyte ions were in the range of 1.7-7.2 microg/L. The application of the present procedure was successfully performed for the analysis of analyte contents of herbal plant samples from Turkey. PMID:25145156

  3. Piano-Stool Lutetium Amido and Imido Compounds Supported by a Constrained Bis(oxazoline)cyclopentadienyl Ligand.

    PubMed

    Lampland, Nicole L; Zhu, Jing; Hovey, Megan; Jana, Barun; Ellern, Arkady; Sadow, Aaron D

    2015-07-20

    {Bo(M)Cp(tet)}Lu(CH2Ph)2 (1; Bo(M)Cp(tet) = MeC(Ox(Me2))2C5Me4; Ox(Me2) = 4,4-dimethyl-2-oxazoline) was prepared in 95% yield from the reaction of Bo(M)Cp(tet)H and Lu(CH2Ph)3THF3. Compound 1 reacts with 1 or 2 equiv of H2NCH2R (R = C6H5, 1-C10H7) to give the corresponding imido complexes [{Bo(M)Cp(tet)}LuNCH2R]2 (R = C6H5 (2a), 1-C10H7 (2b)) or amido complexes {Bo(M)Cp(tet)}Lu(NHCH2R)2 (R = C6H5 (3a), 1-C10H7 (3b)). Once isolated, the imido species are insoluble in nonprotic organic solvents. Crystallographic characterization reveals dimeric [{Bo(M)Cp(tet)}LuNCH2(1-C10H7)]2 in the solid state. The reaction of 1 and NH3B(C6F5)3 affords crystallographically characterized {Bo(M)Cp(tet)}Lu{NHB(C6F5)2}C6F5. This species is proposed to form via a transient lutetium imido, which undergoes C6F5 migration to the lutetium center. PMID:26110352

  4. Piano-stool lutetium amido and imido compounds supported by a constrained bis(oxazoline)cyclopentadienyl ligand

    DOE PAGESBeta

    Lampland, Nicole L.; Zhu, Jing; Hovey, Megan; Jana, Barun; Ellern, Arkady; Sadow, Aaron D.

    2015-06-25

    {BoMCptet}Lu(CH2Ph)2 (1; BoMCptet = MeC(OxMe2 2C5Me4; OxMe2 = 4,4-dimethyl-2-oxazoline) was prepared in 95% yield from the reaction of BoMCptetH and Lu(CH2Ph)3THF3. Compound 1 reacts with 1 or 2 equiv of H2NCH2R (R = C6H5, 1-C10H7) to give the corresponding imido complexes [{BoMCptet}LuNCH2R]2 (R = C6H5 (2a), 1-C10H7 (2b)) or amido complexes {BoMCptet}Lu(NHCH2R)2 (R = C6H5 (3a), 1-C10H7 (3b)). When isolated, the imido species are insoluble in nonprotic organic solvents. Crystallographic characterization reveals dimeric [{BoMCptet}LuNCH2(1-C10H7)]2 in the solid state. The reaction of 1 and NH3B(C6F5)3 affords crystallographically characterized {BoMCptet}Lu{NHB(C6F5)2}C6F5. This species is proposed to form via a transient lutetium imido, whichmore » undergoes C6F5 migration to the lutetium center.« less

  5. Anti-biofouling polymer-decorated lutetium-based nanoparticulate contrast agents for in vivo high-resolution trimodal imaging.

    PubMed

    Liu, Zhen; Dong, Kai; Liu, Jianhua; Han, Xueli; Ren, Jinsong; Qu, Xiaogang

    2014-06-25

    Nanomaterials have gained considerable attention and interest in the development of novel and high-resolution contrast agents for medical diagnosis and prognosis in clinic. A classical urea-based homogeneous precipitation route that combines the merits of in situ thermal decomposition and surface modification is introduced to construct polyethylene glycol molecule (PEG)-decorated hybrid lutetium oxide nanoparticles (PEG-UCNPs). By utilizing the admirable optical and magnetic properties of the yielded PEG-UCNPs, in vivo up-conversion luminescence and T1 -enhanced magnetic resonance imaging of small animals are conducted, revealing obvious signals after subcutaneous and intravenous injection, respectively. Due to the strong X-ray absorption and high atomic number of lanthanide elements, X-ray computed-tomography imaging based on PEG-UCNPs is then designed and carried out, achieving excellent imaging outcome in animal experiments. This is the first example of the usage of hybrid lutetium oxide nanoparticles as effective nanoprobes. Furthermore, biodistribution, clearance route, as well as long-term toxicity are investigated in detail after intravenous injection in a murine model, indicating the overall safety of PEG-UCNPs. Compared with previous lanthanide fluorides, our nanoprobes exhibit more advantages, such as facile construction process and nearly total excretion from the animal body within a month. Taken together, these results promise the use of PEG-UCNPs as a safe and efficient nanoparticulate contrast agent for potential application in multimodal imaging. PMID:24610806

  6. 33 CFR 157.136 - Two-way voice communications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... OIL IN BULK Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Design, Equipment, and Installation § 157.136 Two-way voice communications. Each tank vessel having a COW system under § 157.10(e), §...

  7. 33 CFR 157.136 - Two-way voice communications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... OIL IN BULK Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Design, Equipment, and Installation § 157.136 Two-way voice communications. Each tank vessel having a COW system under § 157.10(e), §...

  8. 33 CFR 157.136 - Two-way voice communications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... OIL IN BULK Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Design, Equipment, and Installation § 157.136 Two-way voice communications. Each tank vessel having a COW system under § 157.10(e), §...

  9. 33 CFR 157.136 - Two-way voice communications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... OIL IN BULK Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Design, Equipment, and Installation § 157.136 Two-way voice communications. Each tank vessel having a COW system under § 157.10(e), §...

  10. 33 CFR 157.158 - COW operations: Changed characteristics.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... CARRYING OIL IN BULK Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Cow Operations § 157.158 COW operations... recorded in the Crude Oil Washing Operations and Equipment Manual approved under § 157.112; and (c)...

  11. 33 CFR 157.158 - COW operations: Changed characteristics.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... CARRYING OIL IN BULK Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Cow Operations § 157.158 COW operations... recorded in the Crude Oil Washing Operations and Equipment Manual approved under § 157.112; and (c)...

  12. 7 CFR 3550.157 - Payment subsidy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE DIRECT SINGLE FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS Regular Servicing § 3550.157 Payment subsidy. (a... household becomes employed or changes employment, there is a change in household composition, or if income increases by at least 10 percent. The household may also report decreases in income. If the change in...

  13. BPC 157's effect on healing.

    PubMed

    Seiwerth, S; Sikiric, P; Grabarevic, Z; Zoricic, I; Hanzevacki, M; Ljubanovic, D; Coric, V; Konjevoda, P; Petek, M; Rucman, R; Turkovic, B; Perovic, D; Mikus, D; Jandrijevic, S; Medvidovic, M; Tadic, T; Romac, B; Kos, J; Peric, J; Kolega, Z

    1997-01-01

    The 15 amino acid agent BPC 157, showing a wide range of organoprotective action in different experimental models, was used in our experiments in order to establish its influence on different elements connected with the healing process. Elements thought to be of greatest importance in the process of healing are formation of granulation tissue, angiogenesis and production of collagen. In our work we tested the influence of BPC 157 on: granulation tissue and collagen formation, on angiogenesis as well as on tensile strength development, using three experimental rat models: 1) skin incisional wounds; 2) colon-colon anastomoses; and 3) angiogenesis model with synthetic sponge implantation. The specimens were histologically assessed for collagen, reticulin and blood vessels using scoring and morphometry. In all experiments significant differences between BPC 157-treated animals and controls were found, showing a strong, promoting involvement of BPC in the healing process. It is worth noting that these effects were achieved by different routes of application, including intragastric and local, making BPC 157 a potentially useful therapeutic agent. PMID:9403790

  14. 40 CFR 157.21 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... preschool or day care facility. Technically feasible, when applied to child-resistant packaging, means that... REQUIREMENTS FOR PESTICIDES AND DEVICES Child-Resistant Packaging § 157.21 Definitions. Terms used in this subpart shall have the following meanings: Appropriate, when used with respect to...

  15. 40 CFR 157.21 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS PACKAGING REQUIREMENTS FOR PESTICIDES AND DEVICES Child-Resistant Packaging § 157.21 Definitions. Terms used in this... packaging, means that the packaging is chemically compatible with the pesticide contained therein....

  16. 18 CFR 157.53 - Testing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Exemption of Natural Gas Service for Drilling, Testing, or Purging from Certificate Requirements § 157.53... use in the testing and purging of new natural gas pipeline facilities are exempted from the... render direct natural gas service shall be terminated upon the completion of the purging or testing...

  17. 18 CFR 157.205 - Notice procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    .... Editorial Note: For Federal Register citations affecting § 157.205, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding Aids section of the printed volume and on GPO Access. ... shall be filed in the following form: United States of America Before the Federal Energy...

  18. 33 CFR 157.510 - Operational measures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) POLLUTION RULES FOR THE PROTECTION OF THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT RELATING TO TANK VESSELS CARRYING OIL IN BULK Interim Measures for Certain Tank Vessels Without Double Hulls Carrying Animal Fat or Vegetable Oil § 157.510 Operational measures. An owner or operator of a tank vessel that carries animal fat or...

  19. 33 CFR 157.510 - Operational measures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...) POLLUTION RULES FOR THE PROTECTION OF THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT RELATING TO TANK VESSELS CARRYING OIL IN BULK Interim Measures for Certain Tank Vessels Without Double Hulls Carrying Animal Fat or Vegetable Oil § 157.510 Operational measures. An owner or operator of a tank vessel that carries animal fat or...

  20. 18 CFR 157.14 - Exhibits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Act (42 U.S.C. 7101-7352); E.O. 12009, 3 CFR 142) Editorial Note: For Federal Register citations affecting § 157.14, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding Aids section of the... this section requires an applicant to reveal Critical Energy Infrastructure Information (CEII),...

  1. 18 CFR 157.216 - Abandonment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... facilities to be abandoned. (5) For any abandonment resulting in earth disturbance, a USGS 71/2-minute-series... abandoned; (3) The accounting treatment of the facilities abandoned; and (4) The date earth disturbance, if... the agreements obtained pursuant to § 157.206(b)(3), if earth disturbance was involved....

  2. 18 CFR 157.216 - Abandonment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... facilities to be abandoned. (5) For any abandonment resulting in earth disturbance, a USGS 71/2-minute-series... abandoned; (3) The accounting treatment of the facilities abandoned; and (4) The date earth disturbance, if... the agreements obtained pursuant to § 157.206(b)(3), if earth disturbance was involved....

  3. 18 CFR 157.216 - Abandonment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... facilities to be abandoned. (5) For any abandonment resulting in earth disturbance, a USGS 71/2-minute-series... abandoned; (3) The accounting treatment of the facilities abandoned; and (4) The date earth disturbance, if... the agreements obtained pursuant to § 157.206(b)(3), if earth disturbance was involved....

  4. 18 CFR 157.216 - Abandonment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... facilities to be abandoned. (5) For any abandonment resulting in earth disturbance, a USGS 71/2-minute-series... abandoned; (3) The accounting treatment of the facilities abandoned; and (4) The date earth disturbance, if... the agreements obtained pursuant to § 157.206(b)(3), if earth disturbance was involved....

  5. 18 CFR 157.216 - Abandonment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... facilities to be abandoned. (5) For any abandonment resulting in earth disturbance, a USGS 71/2-minute-series... abandoned; (3) The accounting treatment of the facilities abandoned; and (4) The date earth disturbance, if... the agreements obtained pursuant to § 157.206(b)(3), if earth disturbance was involved....

  6. 7 CFR 3560.157 - Occupancy rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS Multi-Family Housing Occupancy § 3560.157 Occupancy... be consistent with Federal, state, and local law. (e) Pets/Assistance Animals. All housing projects should establish reasonable written pet rules. No rules may be promulgated that would prevent...

  7. 33 CFR 157.126 - Pumps.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Design, Equipment, and Installation § 157.126 Pumps. (a) Crude oil must be supplied to the COW machines by COW system pumps or cargo pumps. (b) The pumps under paragraph...) A sufficient pressure and flow is supplied to allow the simultaneous operation of those COW...

  8. 33 CFR 157.126 - Pumps.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Design, Equipment, and Installation § 157.126 Pumps. (a) Crude oil must be supplied to the COW machines by COW system pumps or cargo pumps. (b) The pumps under paragraph...) A sufficient pressure and flow is supplied to allow the simultaneous operation of those COW...

  9. 33 CFR 157.126 - Pumps.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Design, Equipment, and Installation § 157.126 Pumps. (a) Crude oil must be supplied to the COW machines by COW system pumps or cargo pumps. (b) The pumps under paragraph...) A sufficient pressure and flow is supplied to allow the simultaneous operation of those COW...

  10. 33 CFR 157.126 - Pumps.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... THE PROTECTION OF THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT RELATING TO TANK VESSELS CARRYING OIL IN BULK Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Design, Equipment, and Installation § 157.126 Pumps. (a) Crude oil... pumps that are capable of supplying oil to the COW machines. (e) The COW system must be designed to...

  11. 33 CFR 157.126 - Pumps.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... THE PROTECTION OF THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT RELATING TO TANK VESSELS CARRYING OIL IN BULK Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Design, Equipment, and Installation § 157.126 Pumps. (a) Crude oil... pumps that are capable of supplying oil to the COW machines. (e) The COW system must be designed to...

  12. 33 CFR 157.12a - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... system means a system that monitors the discharge into the sea of oily ballast or other oil-contaminated water from the cargo tank areas and comprises the items specified in § 157.12d(a)(4). Overboard..., as appropriate. PPM means parts of oil per million parts of water by volume. Starting interlock...

  13. 33 CFR 157.12a - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... system means a system that monitors the discharge into the sea of oily ballast or other oil-contaminated water from the cargo tank areas and comprises the items specified in § 157.12d(a)(4). Overboard..., as appropriate. PPM means parts of oil per million parts of water by volume. Starting interlock...

  14. 33 CFR 157.12a - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... system means a system that monitors the discharge into the sea of oily ballast or other oil-contaminated water from the cargo tank areas and comprises the items specified in § 157.12d(a)(4). Overboard..., as appropriate. PPM means parts of oil per million parts of water by volume. Starting interlock...

  15. 33 CFR 157.12a - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... system means a system that monitors the discharge into the sea of oily ballast or other oil-contaminated water from the cargo tank areas and comprises the items specified in § 157.12d(a)(4). Overboard..., as appropriate. PPM means parts of oil per million parts of water by volume. Starting interlock...

  16. 44 CFR 15.7 - Disturbances.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... SECURITY GENERAL CONDUCT AT THE MT. WEATHER EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE CENTER AND AT THE NATIONAL EMERGENCY TRAINING CENTER § 15.7 Disturbances. At both Mt. Weather and NETC we prohibit any unwarranted loitering, disorderly conduct, or other conduct at Mt. Weather and NETC that: (a) Creates loud or unusual noise or...

  17. 46 CFR 69.157 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Dual Measurement System § 69.157 Definitions. Terms used in this subpart that are defined in § 69.103 have the same meaning as in § 69.103, except the terms listed below. As used in this subpart,—...

  18. 46 CFR 69.157 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Dual Measurement System § 69.157 Definitions. Terms used in this subpart that are defined in § 69.103 have the same meaning as in § 69.103, except the terms listed below. As used in this subpart,—...

  19. 49 CFR 15.7 - Covered persons.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Transportation Security Act, (Pub. L. 107-295), 46 U.S.C. 70101 et seq., 33 CFR part 6, or 33 U.S.C. 1221 et seq... Office of the Secretary of Transportation PROTECTION OF SENSITIVE SECURITY INFORMATION § 15.7 Covered... defined in 49 CFR 1540.5. (c) Each owner, charterer, or operator of a vessel, including foreign...

  20. 49 CFR 15.7 - Covered persons.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Transportation Security Act, (Pub. L. 107-295), 46 U.S.C. 70101 et seq., 33 CFR part 6, or 33 U.S.C. 1221 et seq... Office of the Secretary of Transportation PROTECTION OF SENSITIVE SECURITY INFORMATION § 15.7 Covered... defined in 49 CFR 1540.5. (c) Each owner, charterer, or operator of a vessel, including foreign...

  1. 49 CFR 15.7 - Covered persons.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Transportation Security Act, (Pub. L. 107-295), 46 U.S.C. 70101 et seq., 33 CFR part 6, or 33 U.S.C. 1221 et seq... Office of the Secretary of Transportation PROTECTION OF SENSITIVE SECURITY INFORMATION § 15.7 Covered... defined in 49 CFR 1540.5. (c) Each owner, charterer, or operator of a vessel, including foreign...

  2. 49 CFR 15.7 - Covered persons.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Transportation Security Act, (Pub. L. 107-295), 46 U.S.C. 70101 et seq., 33 CFR part 6, or 33 U.S.C. 1221 et seq... Office of the Secretary of Transportation PROTECTION OF SENSITIVE SECURITY INFORMATION § 15.7 Covered... defined in 49 CFR 1540.5. (c) Each owner, charterer, or operator of a vessel, including foreign...

  3. 49 CFR 15.7 - Covered persons.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Transportation Security Act, (Pub. L. 107-295), 46 U.S.C. 70101 et seq., 33 CFR part 6, or 33 U.S.C. 1221 et seq... Office of the Secretary of Transportation PROTECTION OF SENSITIVE SECURITY INFORMATION § 15.7 Covered... defined in 49 CFR 1540.5. (c) Each owner, charterer, or operator of a vessel, including foreign...

  4. 18 CFR 157.14 - Exhibits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Act (42 U.S.C. 7101-7352); E.O. 12009, 3 CFR 142) Editorial Note: For Federal Register citations affecting § 157.14, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding Aids section of the...) Exhibit G—Flow diagrams showing daily design capacity and reflecting operation with and without...

  5. 18 CFR 157.14 - Exhibits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Act (42 U.S.C. 7101-7352); E.O. 12009, 3 CFR 142) Editorial Note: For Federal Register citations affecting § 157.14, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding Aids section of the...) Exhibit G—Flow diagrams showing daily design capacity and reflecting operation with and without...

  6. 18 CFR 157.14 - Exhibits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Act (42 U.S.C. 7101-7352); E.O. 12009, 3 CFR 142) Editorial Note: For Federal Register citations affecting § 157.14, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding Aids section of the...) Exhibit G—Flow diagrams showing daily design capacity and reflecting operation with and without...

  7. 33 CFR 157.136 - Two-way voice communications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Two-way voice communications. 157....136 Two-way voice communications. Each tank vessel having a COW system under § 157.10(e), § 157.10a(a)(2), or § 157.10c(b)(2) must have a means that enables two-way voice communications between the...

  8. 33 CFR 157.156 - COW operations: Meeting manual requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false COW operations: Meeting manual... CARRYING OIL IN BULK Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Cow Operations § 157.156 COW operations... COW system under §§ 157.10(e), 157.10a(a)(2), or 157.10c(b)(2) that has the Crude Oil...

  9. 33 CFR 157.156 - COW operations: Meeting manual requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false COW operations: Meeting manual... CARRYING OIL IN BULK Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Cow Operations § 157.156 COW operations... COW system under § 157.10(e), § 157.10a(a)(2), or § 157.10c(b)(2) that has the Crude Oil...

  10. 33 CFR 157.156 - COW operations: Meeting manual requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false COW operations: Meeting manual... CARRYING OIL IN BULK Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Cow Operations § 157.156 COW operations... COW system under §§ 157.10(e), 157.10a(a)(2), or 157.10c(b)(2) that has the Crude Oil...

  11. 33 CFR 157.156 - COW operations: Meeting manual requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... CARRYING OIL IN BULK Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Cow Operations § 157.156 COW operations... COW system under §§ 157.10(e), 157.10a(a)(2), or 157.10c(b)(2) that has the Crude Oil Washing....10c(b)(2) shall ensure that during each COW operation— (a) The procedures listed in the Crude...

  12. 33 CFR 157.156 - COW operations: Meeting manual requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... CARRYING OIL IN BULK Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Cow Operations § 157.156 COW operations... COW system under §§ 157.10(e), 157.10a(a)(2), or 157.10c(b)(2) that has the Crude Oil Washing....10c(b)(2) shall ensure that during each COW operation— (a) The procedures listed in the Crude...

  13. Lutetium oxyorthosilicate block detector readout by avalanche photodiode arrays for high resolution animal PET

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pichler, B. J.; Swann, B. K.; Rochelle, J.; Nutt, R. E.; Cherry, S. R.; Siegel, S. B.

    2004-09-01

    Avalanche photodiodes (APDs) have proven to be useful as light detectors for high resolution positron emission tomography (PET). Their compactness makes these devices excellent candidates for replacing bulky photomultiplier tubes (PMTs) in PET systems where space limitations are an issue. The readout of densely packed, 10 × 10 lutetium oxyorthosilicate (LSO) block detectors (crystal size 2.0 × 2.0 × 12 mm3) with custom-built monolithic 3 × 3 APD arrays was investigated. The APDs had a 5 × 5 mm2 active surface and were arranged on a 6.25 mm pitch. The dead space on the edges of the array was 1.25 mm. The APDs were operated at a bias voltage of approximately 380 V for a gain of 100 and a dark current of 10 nA per APD. The standard deviation in gain between the APDs in the array ranged from 1.8 to 6.5% as the gain was varied from 50 to 108. A fast, low-noise, multi-channel charge sensitive preamplifier application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) was developed for the APD readout. The amplifier had a rise time of 8 ns, a noise floor of 515 e- rms and a 9 e- pF-1 noise slope. An acquired flood image showed that all 100 crystals from the block detector could be resolved. Timing measurements with single-channel LSO-APD detectors, as well as with the array, against a plastic scintillator and PMT assembly showed a time resolution of 1.2 ns and 2.5 ns, respectively. The energy resolution measured with a single 4.0 × 4.0 × 10 mm3 LSO crystal, wrapped in four-layer polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) tape and coupled with optical grease on a single APD of the array, yielded 15% (full width at half maximum, FWHM) at 511 keV. Stability tests over 9 months of operation showed that the APD arrays do not degrade appreciably. These results demonstrate the ability to decode densely packed LSO scintillation blocks with compact APD arrays. The good timing and energy resolution makes these detectors suitable for high resolution PET.

  14. 33 CFR 110.157 - Delaware Bay and River.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Delaware Bay and River. 110.157 Section 110.157 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY ANCHORAGES ANCHORAGE REGULATIONS Anchorage Grounds § 110.157 Delaware Bay and River. (a) The anchorage grounds—(1) Anchorage A off the entrance to...

  15. 33 CFR 157.142 - Letter of acceptance: Inspections.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Letter of acceptance: Inspections. 157.142 Section 157.142 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY... OIL IN BULK Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Inspections § 157.142 Letter of...

  16. 33 CFR 157.142 - Letter of acceptance: Inspections.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Letter of acceptance: Inspections. 157.142 Section 157.142 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY... OIL IN BULK Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Inspections § 157.142 Letter of...

  17. 33 CFR 157.204 - Letter of acceptance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Letter of acceptance. 157.204 Section 157.204 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED... Dedicated Clean Ballast Tanks on Tank Vessels General § 157.204 Letter of acceptance. The Coast...

  18. 33 CFR 157.204 - Letter of acceptance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Letter of acceptance. 157.204 Section 157.204 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED... Dedicated Clean Ballast Tanks on Tank Vessels General § 157.204 Letter of acceptance. The Coast...

  19. 46 CFR 45.157 - Scuppers and gravity drains.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Scuppers and gravity drains. 45.157 Section 45.157 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) LOAD LINES GREAT LAKES LOAD LINES Conditions of Assignment § 45.157 Scuppers and gravity drains. Scuppers and gravity deck drains from...

  20. 46 CFR 45.157 - Scuppers and gravity drains.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Scuppers and gravity drains. 45.157 Section 45.157 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) LOAD LINES GREAT LAKES LOAD LINES Conditions of Assignment § 45.157 Scuppers and gravity drains. Scuppers and gravity deck drains from...

  1. 46 CFR 45.157 - Scuppers and gravity drains.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Scuppers and gravity drains. 45.157 Section 45.157 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) LOAD LINES GREAT LAKES LOAD LINES Conditions of Assignment § 45.157 Scuppers and gravity drains. Scuppers and gravity deck drains from...

  2. 46 CFR 45.157 - Scuppers and gravity drains.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Scuppers and gravity drains. 45.157 Section 45.157 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) LOAD LINES GREAT LAKES LOAD LINES Conditions of Assignment § 45.157 Scuppers and gravity drains. Scuppers and gravity deck drains from...

  3. 18 CFR 157.33 - Requirement for open season.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... season. 157.33 Section 157.33 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY... GAS ACT Open Seasons for Alaska Natural Gas Transportation Projects § 157.33 Requirement for open season. (a) Any application for a certificate of public convenience and necessity or other...

  4. 18 CFR 157.33 - Requirement for open season.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... season. 157.33 Section 157.33 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY... GAS ACT Open Seasons for Alaska Natural Gas Transportation Projects § 157.33 Requirement for open season. (a) Any application for a certificate of public convenience and necessity or other...

  5. 18 CFR 157.33 - Requirement for open season.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... season. 157.33 Section 157.33 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY... GAS ACT Open Seasons for Alaska Natural Gas Transportation Projects § 157.33 Requirement for open season. (a) Any application for a certificate of public convenience and necessity or other...

  6. 18 CFR 157.33 - Requirement for open season.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... season. 157.33 Section 157.33 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY... GAS ACT Open Seasons for Alaska Natural Gas Transportation Projects § 157.33 Requirement for open season. (a) Any application for a certificate of public convenience and necessity or other...

  7. 18 CFR 157.33 - Requirement for open season.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... season. 157.33 Section 157.33 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY... GAS ACT Open Seasons for Alaska Natural Gas Transportation Projects § 157.33 Requirement for open season. (a) Any application for a certificate of public convenience and necessity or other...

  8. 40 CFR 93.157 - Frequency of conformity determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Frequency of conformity determinations. 93.157 Section 93.157 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR... Determining Conformity of General Federal Actions to State or Federal Implementation Plans § 93.157...

  9. 33 CFR 157.04 - Authorization of classification societies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... societies. 157.04 Section 157.04 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND... CARRYING OIL IN BULK General § 157.04 Authorization of classification societies. (a) The Coast Guard may authorize any classification society (CS) to perform certain plan reviews, certifications, and...

  10. 33 CFR 157.12b - Implementation requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Implementation requirements. 157.12b Section 157.12b Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY... OIL IN BULK Design, Equipment, and Installation § 157.12b Implementation requirements. Oil...

  11. 40 CFR 205.157-1 - General requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false General requirements. 205.157-1 Section 205.157-1 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) NOISE ABATEMENT PROGRAMS TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT NOISE EMISSION CONTROLS Motorcycles § 205.157-1 General requirements....

  12. 40 CFR 205.157-3 - Configuration identification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Configuration identification. 205.157-3 Section 205.157-3 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) NOISE ABATEMENT PROGRAMS TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT NOISE EMISSION CONTROLS Motorcycles § 205.157-3...

  13. 40 CFR 205.157-2 - Compliance with standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Compliance with standards. 205.157-2 Section 205.157-2 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) NOISE ABATEMENT PROGRAMS TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT NOISE EMISSION CONTROLS Motorcycles § 205.157-2 Compliance with...

  14. 10 CFR 1.57 - Use of NRC flag.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Use of NRC flag. 1.57 Section 1.57 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION STATEMENT OF ORGANIZATION AND GENERAL INFORMATION NRC Seal and Flag § 1.57 Use of NRC flag. (a) The use of the flag is restricted to the following: (1) On or in front of NRC...

  15. 10 CFR 1.57 - Use of NRC flag.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Use of NRC flag. 1.57 Section 1.57 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION STATEMENT OF ORGANIZATION AND GENERAL INFORMATION NRC Seal and Flag § 1.57 Use of NRC flag. (a) The use of the flag is restricted to the following: (1) On or in front of NRC...

  16. 10 CFR 1.57 - Use of NRC flag.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Use of NRC flag. 1.57 Section 1.57 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION STATEMENT OF ORGANIZATION AND GENERAL INFORMATION NRC Seal and Flag § 1.57 Use of NRC flag. (a) The use of the flag is restricted to the following: (1) On or in front of NRC...

  17. 10 CFR 1.57 - Use of NRC flag.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Use of NRC flag. 1.57 Section 1.57 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION STATEMENT OF ORGANIZATION AND GENERAL INFORMATION NRC Seal and Flag § 1.57 Use of NRC flag. (a) The use of the flag is restricted to the following: (1) On or in front of NRC...

  18. 33 CFR 157.31 - Discharges: Chemical additives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Discharges: Chemical additives. 157.31 Section 157.31 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY... OIL IN BULK Vessel Operation § 157.31 Discharges: Chemical additives. No person may use a...

  19. 33 CFR 157.31 - Discharges: Chemical additives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Discharges: Chemical additives. 157.31 Section 157.31 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY... OIL IN BULK Vessel Operation § 157.31 Discharges: Chemical additives. No person may use a...

  20. 33 CFR 157.31 - Discharges: Chemical additives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Discharges: Chemical additives. 157.31 Section 157.31 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY... OIL IN BULK Vessel Operation § 157.31 Discharges: Chemical additives. No person may use a...

  1. 33 CFR 157.31 - Discharges: Chemical additives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Discharges: Chemical additives. 157.31 Section 157.31 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY... OIL IN BULK Vessel Operation § 157.31 Discharges: Chemical additives. No person may use a...

  2. 33 CFR 157.31 - Discharges: Chemical additives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Discharges: Chemical additives. 157.31 Section 157.31 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY... OIL IN BULK Vessel Operation § 157.31 Discharges: Chemical additives. No person may use a...

  3. 40 CFR 205.157-3 - Configuration identification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 26 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Configuration identification. 205.157-3 Section 205.157-3 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) NOISE ABATEMENT PROGRAMS TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT NOISE EMISSION CONTROLS Motorcycles § 205.157-3...

  4. 40 CFR 205.157-1 - General requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false General requirements. 205.157-1 Section 205.157-1 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) NOISE ABATEMENT PROGRAMS TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT NOISE EMISSION CONTROLS Motorcycles § 205.157-1 General requirements....

  5. 40 CFR 205.157-2 - Compliance with standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 26 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Compliance with standards. 205.157-2 Section 205.157-2 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) NOISE ABATEMENT PROGRAMS TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT NOISE EMISSION CONTROLS Motorcycles § 205.157-2 Compliance with...

  6. 40 CFR 205.157-2 - Compliance with standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Compliance with standards. 205.157-2 Section 205.157-2 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) NOISE ABATEMENT PROGRAMS TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT NOISE EMISSION CONTROLS Motorcycles § 205.157-2 Compliance with...

  7. 40 CFR 205.157-3 - Configuration identification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 26 2012-07-01 2011-07-01 true Configuration identification. 205.157-3 Section 205.157-3 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) NOISE ABATEMENT PROGRAMS TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT NOISE EMISSION CONTROLS Motorcycles § 205.157-3...

  8. 40 CFR 205.157-1 - General requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false General requirements. 205.157-1 Section 205.157-1 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) NOISE ABATEMENT PROGRAMS TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT NOISE EMISSION CONTROLS Motorcycles § 205.157-1 General requirements....

  9. 40 CFR 205.157-1 - General requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 26 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false General requirements. 205.157-1 Section 205.157-1 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) NOISE ABATEMENT PROGRAMS TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT NOISE EMISSION CONTROLS Motorcycles § 205.157-1 General requirements....

  10. 40 CFR 205.157-1 - General requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 26 2012-07-01 2011-07-01 true General requirements. 205.157-1 Section 205.157-1 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) NOISE ABATEMENT PROGRAMS TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT NOISE EMISSION CONTROLS Motorcycles § 205.157-1 General requirements....

  11. 40 CFR 205.157-2 - Compliance with standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 26 2012-07-01 2011-07-01 true Compliance with standards. 205.157-2 Section 205.157-2 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) NOISE ABATEMENT PROGRAMS TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT NOISE EMISSION CONTROLS Motorcycles § 205.157-2 Compliance with...

  12. 40 CFR 205.157-3 - Configuration identification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Configuration identification. 205.157-3 Section 205.157-3 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) NOISE ABATEMENT PROGRAMS TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT NOISE EMISSION CONTROLS Motorcycles § 205.157-3...

  13. 40 CFR 205.157-3 - Configuration identification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Configuration identification. 205.157-3 Section 205.157-3 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) NOISE ABATEMENT PROGRAMS TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT NOISE EMISSION CONTROLS Motorcycles § 205.157-3...

  14. 18 CFR 157.218 - Changes in customer name.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... name. 157.218 Section 157.218 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY... Act for Certain Transactions and Abandonment § 157.218 Changes in customer name. (a) Automatic... reflect the change in the name of an existing customer, if the certificate holder has filed any...

  15. 18 CFR 157.218 - Changes in customer name.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... name. 157.218 Section 157.218 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY... Act for Certain Transactions and Abandonment § 157.218 Changes in customer name. (a) Automatic... reflect the change in the name of an existing customer, if the certificate holder has filed any...

  16. 18 CFR 157.218 - Changes in customer name.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... name. 157.218 Section 157.218 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY... Act for Certain Transactions and Abandonment § 157.218 Changes in customer name. (a) Automatic... reflect the change in the name of an existing customer, if the certificate holder has filed any...

  17. 18 CFR 157.218 - Changes in customer name.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... name. 157.218 Section 157.218 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY... Act for Certain Transactions and Abandonment § 157.218 Changes in customer name. (a) Automatic... reflect the change in the name of an existing customer, if the certificate holder has filed any...

  18. 47 CFR 90.157 - Discontinuance of station operation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Discontinuance of station operation. 90.157 Section 90.157 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES PRIVATE LAND MOBILE RADIO SERVICES Applications and Authorizations § 90.157 Discontinuance...

  19. 47 CFR 90.157 - Discontinuance of station operation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Discontinuance of station operation. 90.157 Section 90.157 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES PRIVATE LAND MOBILE RADIO SERVICES Applications and Authorizations § 90.157 Discontinuance...

  20. 47 CFR 90.157 - Discontinuance of station operation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Discontinuance of station operation. 90.157 Section 90.157 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES PRIVATE LAND MOBILE RADIO SERVICES Applications and Authorizations § 90.157 Discontinuance...

  1. 47 CFR 90.157 - Discontinuance of station operation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Discontinuance of station operation. 90.157 Section 90.157 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES PRIVATE LAND MOBILE RADIO SERVICES Applications and Authorizations § 90.157 Discontinuance...

  2. 47 CFR 90.157 - Discontinuance of station operation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Discontinuance of station operation. 90.157 Section 90.157 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES PRIVATE LAND MOBILE RADIO SERVICES Applications and Authorizations § 90.157 Discontinuance...

  3. 10 CFR 1.57 - Use of NRC flag.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Use of NRC flag. 1.57 Section 1.57 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION STATEMENT OF ORGANIZATION AND GENERAL INFORMATION NRC Seal and Flag § 1.57 Use of NRC flag. (a) The use of the flag is restricted to the following: (1) On or in front of NRC...

  4. 29 CFR 1910.157 - Portable fire extinguishers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Portable fire extinguishers. 1910.157 Section 1910.157 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS Fire Protection Portable Fire Suppression Equipment § 1910.157 Portable fire extinguishers....

  5. 29 CFR 1915.157 - Hand and body protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Hand and body protection. 1915.157 Section 1915.157 Labor... (PPE) § 1915.157 Hand and body protection. (a) Use. The employer shall ensure that each affected employee uses appropriate hand protection and other protective clothing where there is exposure to...

  6. 29 CFR 1915.157 - Hand and body protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Hand and body protection. 1915.157 Section 1915.157 Labor... (PPE) § 1915.157 Hand and body protection. (a) Use. The employer shall ensure that each affected employee uses appropriate hand protection and other protective clothing where there is exposure to...

  7. 29 CFR 1915.157 - Hand and body protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Hand and body protection. 1915.157 Section 1915.157 Labor... (PPE) § 1915.157 Hand and body protection. (a) Use. The employer shall ensure that each affected employee uses appropriate hand protection and other protective clothing where there is exposure to...

  8. 29 CFR 1915.157 - Hand and body protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Hand and body protection. 1915.157 Section 1915.157 Labor... (PPE) § 1915.157 Hand and body protection. (a) Use. The employer shall ensure that each affected employee uses appropriate hand protection and other protective clothing where there is exposure to...

  9. 29 CFR 1915.157 - Hand and body protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Hand and body protection. 1915.157 Section 1915.157 Labor... (PPE) § 1915.157 Hand and body protection. (a) Use. The employer shall ensure that each affected employee uses appropriate hand protection and other protective clothing where there is exposure to...

  10. 38 CFR 17.157 - Definition-adaptive equipment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Definition-adaptive equipment. 17.157 Section 17.157 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Automotive Equipment and Driver Training § 17.157 Definition-adaptive equipment. The...

  11. 14 CFR 23.157 - Rate of roll.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Rate of roll. 23.157 Section 23.157... Maneuverability § 23.157 Rate of roll. (a) Takeoff. It must be possible, using a favorable combination of controls, to roll the airplane from a steady 30-degree banked turn through an angle of 60 degrees, so as...

  12. 33 CFR 157.11 - Pumping, piping and discharge arrangements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Pumping, piping and discharge arrangements. 157.11 Section 157.11 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND... CARRYING OIL IN BULK Design, Equipment, and Installation § 157.11 Pumping, piping and...

  13. 33 CFR 157.35 - Ballast added to cargo tanks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Ballast added to cargo tanks. 157.35 Section 157.35 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY... OIL IN BULK Vessel Operation § 157.35 Ballast added to cargo tanks. The master of a tank vessel...

  14. 18 CFR 157.218 - Changes in customer name.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Changes in customer name. 157.218 Section 157.218 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY... Act for Certain Transactions and Abandonment § 157.218 Changes in customer name. (a)...

  15. 18 CFR 157.16 - Exhibits relating to acquisitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ..., Sales, Service, Construction, Extension, Acquisition or Abandonment § 157.16 Exhibits relating to acquisitions. In addition to the exhibits required by § 157.14, every application involving acquisition of... follow the procedures set out in § 157.10(d). (a) Exhibit Q—Effect of acquisition on existing...

  16. 47 CFR 80.157 - Radio officer defined.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Radio officer defined. 80.157 Section 80.157 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES STATIONS IN THE MARITIME SERVICES Operator Requirements Ship Station Operator Requirements § 80.157 Radio officer...

  17. 47 CFR 80.157 - Radio officer defined.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Radio officer defined. 80.157 Section 80.157 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES STATIONS IN THE MARITIME SERVICES Operator Requirements Ship Station Operator Requirements § 80.157 Radio officer...

  18. 47 CFR 80.157 - Radio officer defined.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Radio officer defined. 80.157 Section 80.157 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES STATIONS IN THE MARITIME SERVICES Operator Requirements Ship Station Operator Requirements § 80.157 Radio officer...

  19. 47 CFR 80.157 - Radio officer defined.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Radio officer defined. 80.157 Section 80.157 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES STATIONS IN THE MARITIME SERVICES Operator Requirements Ship Station Operator Requirements § 80.157 Radio officer...

  20. 47 CFR 80.157 - Radio officer defined.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Radio officer defined. 80.157 Section 80.157 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES STATIONS IN THE MARITIME SERVICES Operator Requirements Ship Station Operator Requirements § 80.157 Radio officer...

  1. 15 CFR 930.157 - Mediation and informal negotiations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Mediation and informal negotiations. 930.157 Section 930.157 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade... Activities Having Interstate Coastal Effects § 930.157 Mediation and informal negotiations. The...

  2. 29 CFR 1917.157 - Battery charging and changing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Battery charging and changing. 1917.157 Section 1917.157..., DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) MARINE TERMINALS Related Terminal Operations and Equipment § 1917.157 Battery charging and changing. (a) Only designated persons shall change or charge batteries. (b) Battery...

  3. 29 CFR 1917.157 - Battery charging and changing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Battery charging and changing. 1917.157 Section 1917.157..., DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) MARINE TERMINALS Related Terminal Operations and Equipment § 1917.157 Battery charging and changing. (a) Only designated persons shall change or charge batteries. (b) Battery...

  4. 29 CFR 1917.157 - Battery charging and changing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Battery charging and changing. 1917.157 Section 1917.157..., DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) MARINE TERMINALS Related Terminal Operations and Equipment § 1917.157 Battery charging and changing. (a) Only designated persons shall change or charge batteries. (b) Battery...

  5. 29 CFR 1917.157 - Battery charging and changing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Battery charging and changing. 1917.157 Section 1917.157..., DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) MARINE TERMINALS Related Terminal Operations and Equipment § 1917.157 Battery charging and changing. (a) Only designated persons shall change or charge batteries. (b) Battery...

  6. 29 CFR 1917.157 - Battery charging and changing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Battery charging and changing. 1917.157 Section 1917.157..., DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) MARINE TERMINALS Related Terminal Operations and Equipment § 1917.157 Battery charging and changing. (a) Only designated persons shall change or charge batteries. (b) Battery...

  7. 21 CFR 131.157 - Light whipping cream.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Light whipping cream. 131.157 Section 131.157 Food... HUMAN CONSUMPTION MILK AND CREAM Requirements for Specific Standardized Milk and Cream § 131.157 Light whipping cream. (a) Description. Light whipping cream is cream which contains not less than 30 percent...

  8. 21 CFR 131.157 - Light whipping cream.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Light whipping cream. 131.157 Section 131.157 Food... HUMAN CONSUMPTION MILK AND CREAM Requirements for Specific Standardized Milk and Cream § 131.157 Light whipping cream. (a) Description. Light whipping cream is cream which contains not less than 30 percent...

  9. 21 CFR 131.157 - Light whipping cream.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Light whipping cream. 131.157 Section 131.157 Food... HUMAN CONSUMPTION MILK AND CREAM Requirements for Specific Standardized Milk and Cream § 131.157 Light whipping cream. (a) Description. Light whipping cream is cream which contains not less than 30 percent...

  10. 46 CFR 45.157 - Scuppers and gravity drains.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Scuppers and gravity drains. 45.157 Section 45.157 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) LOAD LINES GREAT LAKES LOAD LINES Conditions of Assignment § 45.157 Scuppers and gravity drains. Scuppers and gravity deck drains from...

  11. 38 CFR 17.157 - Definition-adaptive equipment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Definition-adaptive equipment. 17.157 Section 17.157 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Automotive Equipment and Driver Training § 17.157 Definition-adaptive equipment. The...

  12. 38 CFR 17.157 - Definition-adaptive equipment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Definition-adaptive equipment. 17.157 Section 17.157 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Automotive Equipment and Driver Training § 17.157 Definition-adaptive equipment. The...

  13. 38 CFR 17.157 - Definition-adaptive equipment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Definition-adaptive equipment. 17.157 Section 17.157 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Automotive Equipment and Driver Training § 17.157 Definition-adaptive equipment. The...

  14. 38 CFR 17.157 - Definition-adaptive equipment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Definition-adaptive equipment. 17.157 Section 17.157 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Automotive Equipment and Driver Training § 17.157 Definition-adaptive equipment. The...

  15. 21 CFR 131.157 - Light whipping cream.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Light whipping cream. 131.157 Section 131.157 Food... HUMAN CONSUMPTION MILK AND CREAM Requirements for Specific Standardized Milk and Cream § 131.157 Light whipping cream. (a) Description. Light whipping cream is cream which contains not less than 30 percent...

  16. Influence of cations on the complexation yield of DOTATATE with yttrium and lutetium: a perspective study for enhancing the 90Y and 177Lu labeling conditions.

    PubMed

    Asti, Mattia; Tegoni, Matteo; Farioli, Daniela; Iori, Michele; Guidotti, Claudio; Cutler, Cathy S; Mayer, Pat; Versari, Annibale; Salvo, Diana

    2012-05-01

    The DOTA macrocyclic ligand can form stable complexes with many cations besides yttrium and lutetium. For this reason, the presence of competing cationic metals in yttrium-90 and lutetium-177 chloride solutions can dramatically influence the radiolabeling yield. The aim of this study was to evaluate the coordination yield of yttrium- and lutetium-DOTATATE complexes when the reaction is performed in the presence of varying amounts of competing cationic impurities. In the first set of experiments, the preparation of the samples was performed by using natural yttrium and lutetium (20.4 nmol). The molar ratio between DOTATATE and these metals was 1 to 1. Metal competitors (Pb(2+), Zn(2+), Cu(2+), Fe(3+), Al(3+), Ni(2+), Co(2+), Cr(3+)) were added separately to obtain samples with varying molar ratio with respect to yttrium or lutetium (0.1, 0.5, 1, 2 and 10). The final solutions were analyzed through ultra high-performance liquid chromatography with an UV detector. In the second set of experiments, an amount of (90)Y or (177)Lu chloride (6 MBq corresponding to 3.3 and 45 pmol, respectively) was added to the samples, and a radio-thin layer chromatography analysis was carried out. The coordination of Y(3+) and Lu(3+) was dramatically influenced by low levels of Zn(2+), Cu(2+) and Co(2+). Pb(2+) and Ni(2+) were also shown to be strong competitors at higher concentrations. Fe(3+) was expected to be a strong competitor, but the effect on the incorporation was only partly dependent on its concentration. Al(3+) and Cr(3+) did not compete with Y(3+) and Lu(3+) in the formation of DOTATATE complexes. PMID:22172388

  17. Vaccination of pregnant dams with intimin(O157) protects suckling piglets from Escherichia coli O157:H7 infection.

    PubMed

    Dean-Nystrom, Evelyn A; Gansheroff, Lisa J; Mills, Melody; Moon, Harley W; O'Brien, Alison D

    2002-05-01

    Cattle are important reservoirs of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) O157:H7 that cause disease in humans. Both dairy and beef cattle are asymptomatically and sporadically infected with EHEC. Our long-term goal is to develop an effective vaccine to prevent cattle from becoming infected and transmitting EHEC O157:H7 to humans. We used passive immunization of neonatal piglets (as a surrogate model) to determine if antibodies against EHEC O157 adhesin (intimin(O157)) inhibit EHEC colonization. Pregnant swine (dams) with serum anti-intimin titers of < or =100 were vaccinated twice with purified intimin(O157) or sham-vaccinated with sterile buffer. Intimin(O157)-specific antibody titers in colostrum and serum of dams were increased after parenteral vaccination with intimin(O157). Neonatal piglets were allowed to suckle vaccinated or sham-vaccinated dams for up to 8 h before they were inoculated with 10(6) CFU of a Shiga toxin-negative (for humane reasons) strain of EHEC O157:H7. Piglets were necropsied at 2 to 10 days after inoculation, and intestinal samples were collected for determination of bacteriological counts and histopathological analysis. Piglets that ingested colostrum containing intimin(O157)-specific antibodies from vaccinated dams, but not those nursing sham-vaccinated dams, were protected from EHEC O157:H7 colonization and intestinal damage. These results establish intimin(O157) as a viable candidate for an EHEC O157:H7 antitransmission vaccine. PMID:11953378

  18. On the use of X-ray absorption spectroscopy to elucidate the structure of lutetium adenosine mono- and triphosphate complexes.

    PubMed

    Mostapha, S; Berthon, C; Fontaine-Vive, F; Gaysinski, M; Guérin, L; Guillaumont, D; Massi, L; Monfardini, I; Solari, P L; Thomas, O P; Charbonnel, M C; Den Auwer, C

    2014-02-01

    Although the physiological impact of the actinide elements as nuclear toxicants has been widely investigated for half a century, a description of their interactions with biological molecules remains limited. It is however of primary importance to better assess the determinants of actinide speciation in cells and more generally in living organisms to unravel the molecular processes underlying actinide transport and deposition in tissues. The biological pathways of this family of elements in case of accidental contamination or chronic natural exposure (in the case of uranium rich soils for instance) are therefore a crucial issue of public health and of societal impact. Because of the high chemical affinity of those actinide elements for phosphate groups and the ubiquity of such chemical functions in biochemistry, phosphate derivatives are considered as probable targets of these cations. Among them, nucleotides and in particular adenosine mono- (AMP) and triphosphate (ATP) nucleotides occur in more chemical reactions than any other compounds on the earth's surface, except water, and are therefore critical target molecules. In the present study, we are interested in trans-plutonium actinide elements, in particular americium and curium that are more rarely considered in environmental and bioaccumulation studies than early actinides like uranium, neptunium and plutonium. A first step in this strategy is to work with chemical analogues like lanthanides that are not radioactive and therefore allow extended physical chemical characterization to be conducted that are difficult to perform with radioactive materials. We describe herein the interaction of lutetium(III) with adenosine AMP and ATP. With AMP and ATP, insoluble amorphous compounds have been obtained with molar ratios of 1:2 and 1:1, respectively. With an excess of ATP, with 1:2 molar ratio, a soluble complex has been obtained. A combination of spectroscopic techniques (IR, NMR, ESI-MS, EXAFS) together with quantum

  19. TRUPACT-II 157 Examination Report

    SciTech Connect

    Barry H. O'Brien; Jeffrey M. Lacy; Kip E. Archibald

    2003-12-01

    This report presents the results of examination and recovery activities performed on the TRUPACT-II 157 shipping container. The container was part of a contact-handled transuranic waste shipment being transported on a truck to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant in New Mexico when an accident occurred. Although the transport vehicle sustained only minor damage, airborne transuranic contamination was detected in air samples extracted from inside TRUPACT-II 157 at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. Consequently, the shipping container was rejected, resealed, and returned to the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory where the payload was disassembled, examined, and recovered for subsequent reshipment to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. This report documents the results of those activities.

  20. Raman scattering in organic semiconductors based on erbium biphthalocyanine molecules and chlorine-containing europium-lutetium triphthalocyanine molecules

    SciTech Connect

    Belogorokhov, I. A.; Mamichev, D. A.; Dronov, M. A.; Pushkarev, V. E.; Tomilova, L. G.; Khokhlov, D. R.

    2010-08-15

    The Raman spectra of semiconductor structures based on erbium biphthalocyanine molecules and chlorine-substituted europium-lutetium triphthalocyanine molecules are studied on excitation with Ar{sup +} laser radiation at the wavelength 514 nm. The data on the spectral position of Raman intensity peaks related to vibronic states of the basic molecular groups forming the semiconductor are obtained. Raman lines irrelevant to the known vibronic states of the basic phthalocyanine molecular groups are observed in the ranges 100-500 and 500-900 cm{sup -1}. It is shown that, in the spectra of triphthalocyanine, some lines are structurally complex and shifted with respect to the characteristic lines of molecular groups by several inverse centimeters.

  1. Solvation properties and behaviour of lutetium(III) in aqueous solution—A quantum mechanical charge field (QMCF) study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hitzenberger, Manuel; Hofer, Thomas S.; Weiss, Alexander K. H.

    2013-09-01

    This work presents the first ab initio molecular dynamics study of trivalent lutetium in aqueous solution. The hybrid quantum and molecular mechanics simulation has been carried out on Hartree-Fock level and the results were compared to extended X-ray absorption fine structure and X-ray diffraction data. In addition to the structural characterisation via radial and angular distribution functions, the influence of the ion on the surrounding solvent was further investigated by local-density-corrected three-body distribution functions and frequency calculations. The obtained results for the mean Lu-O bond distance and force constant were in very good agreement with the literature. Furthermore, deeper insight into the dynamics and geometry of the solvation shell and the number of involved solvent molecules was obtained.

  2. In situ chemichromic studies of interactions between a lutetium bis-octaalkyl-substituted phthalocyanine and selected biological cofactors

    PubMed Central

    Pal, C.; Cammidge, A. N.; Cook, M. J.; Sosa-Sanchez, J. L.; Sharma, A. K.; Ray, A. K.

    2012-01-01

    Spin-coated films, approximately 100 nm thick, of a newly synthesized bis[octakis(octyl)phthalocyaninato] lutetium(III) complex on ultrasonically cleaned glass substrates exhibit pronounced chemichromic behaviour with potential application in healthcare. In situ kinetic optical absorption spectroscopic measurements show that the phthalocyanine Q-band is red shifted by 60 nm upon oxidation arising from exposure to bromine vapour. Recovery to the original state is achieved by the treatment of the oxidized films with nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide and l-ascorbic acid (vitamin C) in an aqueous solution containing 1.5 M lithium perchlorate. The neutralization process is found to be governed by first-order kinetics. The linear increase of the reduction rate with increasing concentration of cofactors provides a basis for calibration of analyte concentrations ranging from 3.5 mM down to 0.03 mM. PMID:21676969

  3. Genetic relationships among pathogenic Escherichia coli of serogroup O157.

    PubMed Central

    Whittam, T S; Wilson, R A

    1988-01-01

    Escherichia coli strains of serotype O157:H7 are a newly described clonal pathogenic form associated with recent outbreaks of hemorrhagic colitis in humans. Although O157 strains of various H types have long been recognized as enterotoxigenic in animals, little is known about how these pathogenic animal strains are related to those of serotype O157:H7. To determine the genetic relatedness of O157:H7 isolates to animal O157 strains, we examined 194 O157 isolates, representing 12 distinct flagellar antigens (H serotypes), obtained from a variety of animal and human infections. To characterize isolates, we assayed allelic variation at 19 enzyme loci by multilocus enzyme electrophoresis. Genotypic comparisons of isolates revealed extensive variation among 33 distinct clonal genotypes that differed, on average, at 44% of the enzyme loci. K88 fimbriae were expressed in 72% of the isolates and occurred in a diversity of chromosomal genotypic backgrounds. Five major clonal groups were recognized; one group was clearly associated with porcine colibacillosis, and another was associated with human urinary tract infections. The O157:H7 genotype was not closely allied with any of the major groups of clones. The results indicate that O157 E. coli are genetically diverse and strongly suggest that the O157:H7 lineage was not recently derived from other pathogenic strains of the O157 serogroup. PMID:2457555

  4. Characterization of Shiga Toxigenic Escherichia coli O157 and Non-O157 Isolates from Ruminant Feces in Malaysia

    PubMed Central

    Perera, Asanthi; Clarke, Charles M.; Dykes, Gary A.; Fegan, Narelle

    2015-01-01

    Shiga toxigenic Escherichia coli (STEC) O157 and several other serogroups of non-O157 STEC are causative agents of severe disease in humans world-wide. The present study was conducted to characterize STEC O157 and non-O157 serogroups O26, O103, O111, O121, O45, and O145 in ruminants in Malaysia. A total of 136 ruminant feces samples were collected from 6 different farms in Peninsular Malaysia. Immunomagnetic beads were used to isolate E. coli O157 and non-O157 serogroups, while PCR was used for the detection and subtyping of STEC isolates. STEC O157:H7 was isolated from 6 (4%) feces samples and all isolates obtained carried stx2c,  eaeA-γ1, and ehxA. Non-O157 STEC was isolated from 2 (1.5%) feces samples with one isolate carrying stx1a, stx2a, stx2c, and ehxA and the other carrying stx1a alone. The presence of STEC O157 and non-O157 in a small percentage of ruminants in this study together with their virulence characteristics suggests that they may have limited impact on public health. PMID:26539484

  5. Fluorinated dissolution inhibitors for 157-nm lithography

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hamad, Alyssandrea H.; Bae, Young C.; Liu, Xiang-Qian; Ober, Christopher K.; Houlihan, Francis M.; Dabbagh, Gary; Novembre, Anthony E.

    2002-07-01

    Fluorinated dissolution inhibitors (DIs) for 157 nm lithography were designed and synthesized as part of an ongoing study on the structure/property relationships of photoresist additives. The problem of volatilization of small DI candidates was observed from matrices such as poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) and poly(hexafluorohydroxy-isopropyl styrene) (PHFHIPS) during post-apply bake cycles using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR). To avoid this problem, low volatility fluorinated inhibitors were designed and synthesized. Three fluorinated DIs, perfluorosuberic acid bis-(2,2,2,-trifluoro-1-phenyl-1-trifluoromethyl-ethyl) ester (PFSE1), perfluorosuberic acid bis-[1-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-ethyl] ester (PFSE2) and a fluorinated phenylmethanediol diester (FPMD1), largely remained in a PHFHIPS film during the post-apply bake. The dissolution behavior of the two fluorinated diesters was studied and found to slow down the dissolution rate of PHFHIPS with inhibition factors of 1.9 and 1.6, respectively. The absorbance of PHFHIPS films containing 10 wt% of the diester inhibitors is 3.6 AU/micron compared with an absorbance of 3.3 AU/micron for the polymer itself. The absorbance of 10% FPMD1 in PHFHIPS was measured as 3.5 AU/micron compared with an absorbance of 3.4 AU/micron for the polymer itself. Thus, the non-volatility and transparency of the fluorinated inhibitors at 157 nm as well as their ability to reduce the development rate of fluorinated polymers make them suitable for use in a 157 nm resist system.

  6. Piano-stool lutetium amido and imido compounds supported by a constrained bis(oxazoline)cyclopentadienyl ligand

    SciTech Connect

    Lampland, Nicole L.; Zhu, Jing; Hovey, Megan; Jana, Barun; Ellern, Arkady; Sadow, Aaron D.

    2015-06-25

    {BoMCptet}Lu(CH2Ph)2 (1; BoMCptet = MeC(OxMe2 2C5Me4; OxMe2 = 4,4-dimethyl-2-oxazoline) was prepared in 95% yield from the reaction of BoMCptetH and Lu(CH2Ph)3THF3. Compound 1 reacts with 1 or 2 equiv of H2NCH2R (R = C6H5, 1-C10H7) to give the corresponding imido complexes [{BoMCptet}LuNCH2R]2 (R = C6H5 (2a), 1-C10H7 (2b)) or amido complexes {BoMCptet}Lu(NHCH2R)2 (R = C6H5 (3a), 1-C10H7 (3b)). When isolated, the imido species are insoluble in nonprotic organic solvents. Crystallographic characterization reveals dimeric [{BoMCptet}LuNCH2(1-C10H7)]2 in the solid state. The reaction of 1 and NH3B(C6F5)3 affords crystallographically characterized {BoMCptet}Lu{NHB(C6F5)2}C6F5. This species is proposed to form via a transient lutetium imido, which undergoes C6F5 migration to the lutetium center.

  7. The effects of free chlorine concentration, organic load, and exposure time on the inactivation of Salmonella, Escherichia coli O157:H7 and non-O157 STEC

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    This study evaluated the effects of free chlorine (FC) concentration, contact time, and organic load on the inactivation of Salmonella, E. coli O157:H7, and non-O157 STEC in suspension. Four strains each of Salmonella, E. coli O157:H7, or non-O157 STEC cells were inoculated separately or as a multi-...

  8. 7 CFR 4279.157-4279.160 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false 4279.157-4279.160 Section 4279.157-4279.160 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE AND RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GUARANTEED LOANMAKING Business and Industry...

  9. 7 CFR 4279.157-4279.160 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false 4279.157-4279.160 Section 4279.157-4279.160 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE AND RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GUARANTEED LOANMAKING Business and Industry...

  10. 7 CFR 4279.157-4279.160 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false 4279.157-4279.160 Section 4279.157-4279.160 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE AND RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GUARANTEED LOANMAKING Business and Industry...

  11. 7 CFR 4279.157-4279.160 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false 4279.157-4279.160 Section 4279.157-4279.160 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE AND RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GUARANTEED LOANMAKING Business and Industry...

  12. 18 CFR 157.214 - Increase in storage capacity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Increase in storage capacity. 157.214 Section 157.214 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER NATURAL GAS ACT APPLICATIONS FOR CERTIFICATES OF...

  13. 18 CFR 157.214 - Increase in storage capacity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Increase in storage capacity. 157.214 Section 157.214 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER NATURAL GAS ACT APPLICATIONS FOR CERTIFICATES OF...

  14. 18 CFR 157.214 - Increase in storage capacity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Increase in storage capacity. 157.214 Section 157.214 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER NATURAL GAS ACT APPLICATIONS FOR CERTIFICATES OF...

  15. 18 CFR 157.214 - Increase in storage capacity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Increase in storage capacity. 157.214 Section 157.214 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER NATURAL GAS ACT APPLICATIONS FOR CERTIFICATES OF PUBLIC CONVENIENCE AND NECESSITY AND FOR...

  16. 18 CFR 157.214 - Increase in storage capacity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Increase in storage capacity. 157.214 Section 157.214 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER NATURAL GAS ACT APPLICATIONS FOR CERTIFICATES OF PUBLIC CONVENIENCE AND NECESSITY AND FOR...

  17. Detection and isolation of non-O157 STECs

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Escherichia coli containing one or more of the Shiga toxin genes are characterized as Shiga-toxin producing E. coli (STEC). E. coli serogroup O157 remains the most common STEC in the United States, but epidemiological studies suggest that over 60% of STEC infections are caused by non-O157 STECs, acc...

  18. 14 CFR 125.157 - Lines and fittings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Lines and fittings. 125.157 Section 125.157 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR CARRIERS AND OPERATORS FOR COMPENSATION OR HIRE: CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS: AIRPLANES HAVING A SEATING CAPACITY OF...

  19. 14 CFR 125.157 - Lines and fittings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Lines and fittings. 125.157 Section 125.157 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR CARRIERS AND OPERATORS FOR COMPENSATION OR HIRE: CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS: AIRPLANES HAVING A SEATING CAPACITY OF...

  20. 33 CFR 157.17 - Oil residue (sludge) tank.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Oil residue (sludge) tank. 157.17...) POLLUTION RULES FOR THE PROTECTION OF THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT RELATING TO TANK VESSELS CARRYING OIL IN BULK Design, Equipment, and Installation § 157.17 Oil residue (sludge) tank. (a) A tank vessel of 400...

  1. 33 CFR 157.17 - Oil residue (sludge) tank.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Oil residue (sludge) tank. 157.17...) POLLUTION RULES FOR THE PROTECTION OF THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT RELATING TO TANK VESSELS CARRYING OIL IN BULK Design, Equipment, and Installation § 157.17 Oil residue (sludge) tank. (a) A tank vessel of 400...

  2. 33 CFR 157.17 - Oil residue (sludge) tank.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Oil residue (sludge) tank. 157.17...) POLLUTION RULES FOR THE PROTECTION OF THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT RELATING TO TANK VESSELS CARRYING OIL IN BULK Design, Equipment, and Installation § 157.17 Oil residue (sludge) tank. (a) A tank vessel of 400...

  3. 33 CFR 157.17 - Oil residue (sludge) tank.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Oil residue (sludge) tank. 157.17...) POLLUTION RULES FOR THE PROTECTION OF THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT RELATING TO TANK VESSELS CARRYING OIL IN BULK Design, Equipment, and Installation § 157.17 Oil residue (sludge) tank. (a) A tank vessel of 400...

  4. 26 CFR 157.7701-1 - Tax return preparer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 17 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Tax return preparer. 157.7701-1 Section 157.7701-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS EXCISE TAXES (CONTINUED) EXCISE TAX ON STRUCTURED SETTLEMENT FACTORING TRANSACTIONS Procedure...

  5. 26 CFR 157.7701-1 - Tax return preparer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 17 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Tax return preparer. 157.7701-1 Section 157.7701-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS EXCISE TAXES (CONTINUED) EXCISE TAX ON STRUCTURED SETTLEMENT FACTORING TRANSACTIONS Procedure...

  6. 49 CFR 1.57 - Delegations to General Counsel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... functions vested in the Secretary by 49 U.S.C. 40119(b), as implemented by 49 CFR part 15, relating to the.... 322; 49 CFR 1.57(l)) Editorial Note: For Federal Register citations affecting § 1.57, see the List of CFR Sections Affected which appears in the Finding Aids section of the printed volume and on...

  7. 33 CFR 157.132 - Cargo tanks: Hydrocarbon vapor emissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Cargo tanks: Hydrocarbon vapor... § 157.132 Cargo tanks: Hydrocarbon vapor emissions. Each tank vessel having a COW system under § 157.10a... must have— (a) A means to discharge hydrocarbon vapors from each cargo tank that is ballasted to...

  8. 33 CFR 157.132 - Cargo tanks: Hydrocarbon vapor emissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Cargo tanks: Hydrocarbon vapor... § 157.132 Cargo tanks: Hydrocarbon vapor emissions. Each tank vessel having a COW system under § 157.10a... must have— (a) A means to discharge hydrocarbon vapors from each cargo tank that is ballasted to...

  9. 33 CFR 157.132 - Cargo tanks: Hydrocarbon vapor emissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Cargo tanks: Hydrocarbon vapor... § 157.132 Cargo tanks: Hydrocarbon vapor emissions. Each tank vessel having a COW system under § 157.10a... must have— (a) A means to discharge hydrocarbon vapors from each cargo tank that is ballasted to...

  10. 33 CFR 157.132 - Cargo tanks: Hydrocarbon vapor emissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Cargo tanks: Hydrocarbon vapor... § 157.132 Cargo tanks: Hydrocarbon vapor emissions. Each tank vessel having a COW system under § 157.10a... must have— (a) A means to discharge hydrocarbon vapors from each cargo tank that is ballasted to...

  11. 33 CFR 157.132 - Cargo tanks: Hydrocarbon vapor emissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Cargo tanks: Hydrocarbon vapor... § 157.132 Cargo tanks: Hydrocarbon vapor emissions. Each tank vessel having a COW system under § 157.10a... must have— (a) A means to discharge hydrocarbon vapors from each cargo tank that is ballasted to...

  12. 33 CFR 157.122 - Piping, valves, and fittings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Piping, valves, and fittings. 157.122 Section 157.122 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) POLLUTION RULES FOR THE PROTECTION OF THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT RELATING TO TANK VESSELS CARRYING OIL IN BULK Crude Oil Washing (COW) System...

  13. 42 CFR 417.157 - Contributions for the HMO alternative.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... HEALTH CARE PREPAYMENT PLANS Inclusion of Qualified Health Maintenance Organizations in Employee Health... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contributions for the HMO alternative. 417.157 Section 417.157 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...

  14. 42 CFR 417.157 - Contributions for the HMO alternative.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... HEALTH CARE PREPAYMENT PLANS Inclusion of Qualified Health Maintenance Organizations in Employee Health... 42 Public Health 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Contributions for the HMO alternative. 417.157 Section 417.157 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...

  15. 14 CFR 135.157 - Oxygen equipment requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Oxygen equipment requirements. 135.157... Equipment § 135.157 Oxygen equipment requirements. (a) Unpressurized aircraft. No person may operate an unpressurized aircraft at altitudes prescribed in this section unless it is equipped with enough...

  16. 14 CFR 135.157 - Oxygen equipment requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Oxygen equipment requirements. 135.157... Equipment § 135.157 Oxygen equipment requirements. (a) Unpressurized aircraft. No person may operate an unpressurized aircraft at altitudes prescribed in this section unless it is equipped with enough...

  17. 14 CFR 135.157 - Oxygen equipment requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Oxygen equipment requirements. 135.157... Equipment § 135.157 Oxygen equipment requirements. (a) Unpressurized aircraft. No person may operate an unpressurized aircraft at altitudes prescribed in this section unless it is equipped with enough...

  18. 14 CFR 135.157 - Oxygen equipment requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Oxygen equipment requirements. 135.157... Equipment § 135.157 Oxygen equipment requirements. (a) Unpressurized aircraft. No person may operate an unpressurized aircraft at altitudes prescribed in this section unless it is equipped with enough...

  19. 34 CFR 300.157 - Performance goals and indicators.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2011-07-01 2010-07-01 true Performance goals and indicators. 300.157 Section 300... CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES State Eligibility Additional Eligibility Requirements § 300.157 Performance goals and indicators. The State must— (a) Have in effect established goals for the performance...

  20. 33 CFR 157.39 - Machinery space bilges.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... CFR 155.380. ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Machinery space bilges. 157.39... Vessel Operation § 157.39 Machinery space bilges. (a) A tank vessel may discharge an oily mixture from...

  1. 42 CFR 417.157 - Contributions for the HMO alternative.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Contributions for the HMO alternative. 417.157... Employee Health Benefits Plans § 417.157 Contributions for the HMO alternative. (a) General principles—(1... that provides for health benefits and is in effect at the time the HMO alternative is included....

  2. 14 CFR 121.157 - Aircraft certification and equipment requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... requirements. 121.157 Section 121.157 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... through 4a.750-T of the Civil Air Regulations as in effect on January 31, 1965; or §§ 25.45 through 25.75... SFAR No. 23, 14 CFR part 23. (iii) The airplane was type certificated in the normal category and...

  3. 14 CFR 121.157 - Aircraft certification and equipment requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... requirements. 121.157 Section 121.157 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... through 4a.750-T of the Civil Air Regulations as in effect on January 31, 1965; or §§ 25.45 through 25.75... SFAR No. 23, 14 CFR part 23. (iii) The airplane was type certificated in the normal category and...

  4. 14 CFR 121.157 - Aircraft certification and equipment requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... requirements. 121.157 Section 121.157 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... through 4a.750-T of the Civil Air Regulations as in effect on January 31, 1965; or §§ 25.45 through 25.75... SFAR No. 23, 14 CFR part 23. (iii) The airplane was type certificated in the normal category and...

  5. 14 CFR 121.157 - Aircraft certification and equipment requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... requirements. 121.157 Section 121.157 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... through 4a.750-T of the Civil Air Regulations as in effect on January 31, 1965; or §§ 25.45 through 25.75... SFAR No. 23, 14 CFR part 23. (iii) The airplane was type certificated in the normal category and...

  6. 14 CFR 121.157 - Aircraft certification and equipment requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... requirements. 121.157 Section 121.157 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... through 4a.750-T of the Civil Air Regulations as in effect on January 31, 1965; or §§ 25.45 through 25.75... SFAR No. 23, 14 CFR part 23. (iii) The airplane was type certificated in the normal category and...

  7. 33 CFR 157.440 - Autopilot alarm or indicator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Autopilot alarm or indicator. 157.440 Section 157.440 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) POLLUTION RULES FOR THE PROTECTION OF THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT RELATING TO TANK VESSELS CARRYING OIL IN BULK Interim Measures for Certain...

  8. 18 CFR 157.217 - Changes in rate schedules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Changes in rate schedules. 157.217 Section 157.217 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER NATURAL GAS ACT APPLICATIONS FOR CERTIFICATES OF PUBLIC CONVENIENCE AND NECESSITY AND FOR...

  9. 33 CFR 157.11 - Pumping, piping and discharge arrangements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Pumping, piping and discharge arrangements. 157.11 Section 157.11 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) POLLUTION RULES FOR THE PROTECTION OF THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT RELATING TO TANK VESSELS CARRYING OIL IN BULK Design,...

  10. 33 CFR 157.11 - Pumping, piping and discharge arrangements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Pumping, piping and discharge arrangements. 157.11 Section 157.11 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) POLLUTION RULES FOR THE PROTECTION OF THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT RELATING TO TANK VESSELS CARRYING OIL IN BULK Design,...

  11. 7 CFR 1717.157 - Requests for transitional assistance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Requests for transitional assistance. 1717.157 Section 1717.157 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE POST-LOAN POLICIES AND PROCEDURES COMMON TO INSURED AND GUARANTEED ELECTRIC LOANS Mergers and Consolidations...

  12. 33 CFR 157.445 - Maneuvering performance capability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Maneuvering performance capability. 157.445 Section 157.445 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) POLLUTION RULES FOR THE PROTECTION OF THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT RELATING TO TANK VESSELS CARRYING OIL IN BULK Interim Measures...

  13. 33 CFR 157.500 - Purpose and applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Vegetable Oil § 157.500 Purpose and applicability. (a) The purpose of this subpart is to establish mandatory... fat or vegetable oil. (b) This subpart applies to each tank vessel specified in § 157.01 of this part that— (1) Is 5,000 gross tons or more; (2) Carries animal fat or vegetable oil in bulk as cargo...

  14. 33 CFR 157.500 - Purpose and applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Vegetable Oil § 157.500 Purpose and applicability. (a) The purpose of this subpart is to establish mandatory... fat or vegetable oil. (b) This subpart applies to each tank vessel specified in § 157.01 of this part that— (1) Is 5,000 gross tons or more; (2) Carries animal fat or vegetable oil in bulk as cargo...

  15. 24 CFR 982.157 - Budget and expenditure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Budget and expenditure. 982.157... and PHA Administration of Program § 982.157 Budget and expenditure. (a) Budget submission. Each PHA fiscal year, the PHA must submit its proposed budget for the program to HUD for approval at such time...

  16. 24 CFR 982.157 - Budget and expenditure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Budget and expenditure. 982.157... and PHA Administration of Program § 982.157 Budget and expenditure. (a) Budget submission. Each PHA fiscal year, the PHA must submit its proposed budget for the program to HUD for approval at such time...

  17. 24 CFR 982.157 - Budget and expenditure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Budget and expenditure. 982.157... and PHA Administration of Program § 982.157 Budget and expenditure. (a) Budget submission. Each PHA fiscal year, the PHA must submit its proposed budget for the program to HUD for approval at such time...

  18. 24 CFR 982.157 - Budget and expenditure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Budget and expenditure. 982.157... and PHA Administration of Program § 982.157 Budget and expenditure. (a) Budget submission. Each PHA fiscal year, the PHA must submit its proposed budget for the program to HUD for approval at such time...

  19. 33 CFR 157.455 - Minimum under-keel clearance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Minimum under-keel clearance. 157... § 157.455 Minimum under-keel clearance. (a) The owner or operator of a tankship, that is not fitted with... written under-keel clearance guidance that includes— (1) Factors to consider when calculating the...

  20. 33 CFR 157.455 - Minimum under-keel clearance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Minimum under-keel clearance. 157... § 157.455 Minimum under-keel clearance. (a) The owner or operator of a tankship, that is not fitted with... written under-keel clearance guidance that includes— (1) Factors to consider when calculating the...

  1. 47 CFR 73.157 - Antenna testing during daytime.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Antenna testing during daytime. 73.157 Section... BROADCAST SERVICES AM Broadcast Stations § 73.157 Antenna testing during daytime. (a) The licensee of a station using a directional antenna during daytime or nighttime hours may, without further...

  2. 47 CFR 73.157 - Antenna testing during daytime.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Antenna testing during daytime. 73.157 Section... BROADCAST SERVICES AM Broadcast Stations § 73.157 Antenna testing during daytime. (a) The licensee of a station using a directional antenna during daytime or nighttime hours may, without further...

  3. 47 CFR 73.157 - Antenna testing during daytime.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Antenna testing during daytime. 73.157 Section... BROADCAST SERVICES AM Broadcast Stations § 73.157 Antenna testing during daytime. (a) The licensee of a station using a directional antenna during daytime or nighttime hours may, without further...

  4. 47 CFR 73.157 - Antenna testing during daytime.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Antenna testing during daytime. 73.157 Section... BROADCAST SERVICES AM Broadcast Stations § 73.157 Antenna testing during daytime. (a) The licensee of a station using a directional antenna during daytime or nighttime hours may, without further...

  5. 47 CFR 73.157 - Antenna testing during daytime.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Antenna testing during daytime. 73.157 Section... BROADCAST SERVICES AM Broadcast Stations § 73.157 Antenna testing during daytime. (a) The licensee of a station using a directional antenna during daytime or nighttime hours may, without further...

  6. 18 CFR 157.217 - Changes in rate schedules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Changes in rate... Act for Certain Transactions and Abandonment § 157.217 Changes in rate schedules. (a) Automatic..., to change from part 157 individually certificated transportation or storage service to part...

  7. 14 CFR 91.157 - Special VFR weather minimums.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Special VFR weather minimums. 91.157... Flight Rules § 91.157 Special VFR weather minimums. (a) Except as provided in appendix D, section 3, of this part, special VFR operations may be conducted under the weather minimums and requirements of...

  8. 14 CFR 91.157 - Special VFR weather minimums.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Special VFR weather minimums. 91.157... Flight Rules § 91.157 Special VFR weather minimums. (a) Except as provided in appendix D, section 3, of this part, special VFR operations may be conducted under the weather minimums and requirements of...

  9. 14 CFR 91.157 - Special VFR weather minimums.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Special VFR weather minimums. 91.157... Flight Rules § 91.157 Special VFR weather minimums. (a) Except as provided in appendix D, section 3, of this part, special VFR operations may be conducted under the weather minimums and requirements of...

  10. Sensitive detection of E. coli O157:H7

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Introduction: Escherichia coli O157:H7, the most common serotype of enterohemorrhagic E. coli, is responsible for numerous food- and water-borne infections worldwide. Conventional culture-based methods for detection of E. coli O157:H7 in foods and water sources are time-consuming, and results can be...

  11. 40 CFR 97.157 - Closing of general accounts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Closing of general accounts. 97.157... Tracking System § 97.157 Closing of general accounts. (a) The CAIR authorized account representative of a general account may submit to the Administrator a request to close the account, which shall include...

  12. 40 CFR 96.157 - Closing of general accounts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Closing of general accounts. 96.157... CAIR NOX Allowance Tracking System § 96.157 Closing of general accounts. (a) The CAIR authorized account representative of a general account may submit to the Administrator a request to close the...

  13. 18 CFR 157.6 - Applications; general requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... in § 157.10(d). Editorial Note: For Federal Register citations affecting § 157.6, see the List of CFR... COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER NATURAL GAS ACT APPLICATIONS FOR CERTIFICATES OF PUBLIC... GAS ACT Applications for Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity and for Orders...

  14. 33 CFR 157.124 - COW tank washing machines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false COW tank washing machines. 157... OIL IN BULK Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Design, Equipment, and Installation § 157.124 COW tank washing machines. (a) COW machines must be permanently mounted in each cargo tank....

  15. 33 CFR 157.106 - Letter of acceptance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels General § 157.106 Letter of acceptance. The Coast Guard...) The plans submitted show that the COW system meets this subpart; or (b) The plans submitted and the scale model under § 157.104 show that the COW system meets this subpart....

  16. 33 CFR 157.118 - Required documents: Foreign tank vessels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... CARRYING OIL IN BULK Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels General § 157.118 Required documents... having a COW system under § 157.10c(b)(2) shall ensure that the vessel does not enter the navigable...) Evidence that the COW system passed the required inspections by— (i) A document from an authorized CS...

  17. 33 CFR 157.118 - Required documents: Foreign tank vessels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... CARRYING OIL IN BULK Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels General § 157.118 Required documents... having a COW system under § 157.10c(b)(2) shall ensure that the vessel does not enter the navigable...) Evidence that the COW system passed the required inspections by— (i) A document from an authorized CS...

  18. 33 CFR 157.124 - COW tank washing machines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false COW tank washing machines. 157... OIL IN BULK Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Design, Equipment, and Installation § 157.124 COW tank washing machines. (a) COW machines must be permanently mounted in each cargo tank....

  19. 33 CFR 157.170 - COW equipment: Removal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false COW equipment: Removal. 157.170... Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Cow Operations § 157.170 COW equipment: Removal. (a) Whenever a deck mounted COW machine is removed from the tank, the master shall ensure that: (1) The...

  20. 33 CFR 157.106 - Letter of acceptance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels General § 157.106 Letter of acceptance. The Coast Guard...) The plans submitted show that the COW system meets this subpart; or (b) The plans submitted and the scale model under § 157.104 show that the COW system meets this subpart....

  1. 33 CFR 157.124 - COW tank washing machines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false COW tank washing machines. 157... OIL IN BULK Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Design, Equipment, and Installation § 157.124 COW tank washing machines. (a) COW machines must be permanently mounted in each cargo tank....

  2. 33 CFR 157.124 - COW tank washing machines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false COW tank washing machines. 157... OIL IN BULK Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Design, Equipment, and Installation § 157.124 COW tank washing machines. (a) COW machines must be permanently mounted in each cargo tank....

  3. 33 CFR 157.170 - COW equipment: Removal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false COW equipment: Removal. 157.170... Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Cow Operations § 157.170 COW equipment: Removal. (a) Whenever a deck mounted COW machine is removed from the tank, the master shall ensure that: (1) The...

  4. 33 CFR 157.118 - Required documents: Foreign tank vessels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... CARRYING OIL IN BULK Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels General § 157.118 Required documents... having a COW system under § 157.10c(b)(2) shall ensure that the vessel does not enter the navigable...) Evidence that the COW system passed the required inspections by— (i) A document from an authorized CS...

  5. 33 CFR 157.106 - Letter of acceptance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels General § 157.106 Letter of acceptance. The Coast Guard...) The plans submitted show that the COW system meets this subpart; or (b) The plans submitted and the scale model under § 157.104 show that the COW system meets this subpart....

  6. 33 CFR 157.170 - COW equipment: Removal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false COW equipment: Removal. 157.170... Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Cow Operations § 157.170 COW equipment: Removal. (a) Whenever a deck mounted COW machine is removed from the tank, the master shall ensure that: (1) The...

  7. 33 CFR 157.124 - COW tank washing machines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false COW tank washing machines. 157... OIL IN BULK Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Design, Equipment, and Installation § 157.124 COW tank washing machines. (a) COW machines must be permanently mounted in each cargo tank....

  8. 33 CFR 157.35 - Ballast added to cargo tanks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... compliance with § 157.37; and (d) On a new vessel under § 157.10 that carries crude oil, the ballast water is only carried in a cargo tank that is crude oil washed in accordance with Subpart D of this part during or after the most recent discharge of crude oil from that tank....

  9. 33 CFR 157.118 - Required documents: Foreign tank vessels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... CARRYING OIL IN BULK Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels General § 157.118 Required documents... board— (1) The Crude Oil Washing Operations and Equipment Manual that— (i) Is approved under § 157.112... United States unless the vessel has on board— (1) The Crude Oil Washing Operations and Equipment...

  10. 33 CFR 157.118 - Required documents: Foreign tank vessels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... CARRYING OIL IN BULK Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels General § 157.118 Required documents... board— (1) The Crude Oil Washing Operations and Equipment Manual that— (i) Is approved under § 157.112... United States unless the vessel has on board— (1) The Crude Oil Washing Operations and Equipment...

  11. 18 CFR 157.10 - Interventions and protests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Interventions and protests. 157.10 Section 157.10 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER NATURAL GAS ACT APPLICATIONS FOR CERTIFICATES OF PUBLIC CONVENIENCE AND NECESSITY AND FOR...

  12. 7 CFR 987.157 - Approved date product manufacturers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Approved date product manufacturers. 987.157 Section... DATES PRODUCED OR PACKED IN RIVERSIDE COUNTY, CALIFORNIA Administrative Rules Qualification to Regulation § 987.157 Approved date product manufacturers. Any person, including date handlers,...

  13. 12 CFR 252.157 - Disclosure of stress test results.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Disclosure of stress test results. 252.157... RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) ENHANCED PRUDENTIAL STANDARDS (REGULATION YY) Company-Run Stress Test... Companies § 252.157 Disclosure of stress test results. (a) Public disclosure of results—(1) In general....

  14. 12 CFR 252.157 - Disclosure of stress test results.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Disclosure of stress test results. 252.157... RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) ENHANCED PRUDENTIAL STANDARDS (REGULATION YY) Company-Run Stress Test... Companies § 252.157 Disclosure of stress test results. (a) Public disclosure of results—(1) In general....

  15. 33 CFR 157.13 - Designated observation area.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Designated observation area. 157... OIL IN BULK Design, Equipment, and Installation § 157.13 Designated observation area. Each new vessel must have a designated observation area on the weather deck or above that is: (a) Located where...

  16. 33 CFR 157.13 - Designated observation area.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Designated observation area. 157... OIL IN BULK Design, Equipment, and Installation § 157.13 Designated observation area. Each new vessel must have a designated observation area on the weather deck or above that is: (a) Located where...

  17. 33 CFR 157.222 - Pump and piping arrangements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... section of discharge piping. Note: An example of a sample point is shown in 46 CFR Figure 162.050-17(e). ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Pump and piping arrangements. 157... OIL IN BULK Dedicated Clean Ballast Tanks on Tank Vessels Design and Equipment § 157.222 Pump...

  18. 33 CFR 157.222 - Pump and piping arrangements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... section of discharge piping. Note: An example of a sample point is shown in 46 CFR Figure 162.050-17(e). ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Pump and piping arrangements. 157... OIL IN BULK Dedicated Clean Ballast Tanks on Tank Vessels Design and Equipment § 157.222 Pump...

  19. 33 CFR 157.222 - Pump and piping arrangements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... section of discharge piping. Note: An example of a sample point is shown in 46 CFR Figure 162.050-17(e). ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Pump and piping arrangements. 157... OIL IN BULK Dedicated Clean Ballast Tanks on Tank Vessels Design and Equipment § 157.222 Pump...

  20. 33 CFR 157.222 - Pump and piping arrangements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... section of discharge piping. Note: An example of a sample point is shown in 46 CFR Figure 162.050-17(e). ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Pump and piping arrangements. 157... OIL IN BULK Dedicated Clean Ballast Tanks on Tank Vessels Design and Equipment § 157.222 Pump...

  1. 33 CFR 157.222 - Pump and piping arrangements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... section of discharge piping. Note: An example of a sample point is shown in 46 CFR Figure 162.050-17(e). ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Pump and piping arrangements. 157... OIL IN BULK Dedicated Clean Ballast Tanks on Tank Vessels Design and Equipment § 157.222 Pump...

  2. 18 CFR 157.215 - Underground storage testing and development.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... testing and development. 157.215 Section 157.215 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER NATURAL GAS ACT APPLICATIONS FOR CERTIFICATES... during the quarter by individual well, and copies of any core analyses, gamma ray, neutron or...

  3. 18 CFR 157.215 - Underground storage testing and development.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... testing and development. 157.215 Section 157.215 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER NATURAL GAS ACT APPLICATIONS FOR CERTIFICATES... wells conducted during the quarter by individual well, and copies of any core analyses, gamma...

  4. 18 CFR 157.215 - Underground storage testing and development.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... testing and development. 157.215 Section 157.215 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER NATURAL GAS ACT APPLICATIONS FOR CERTIFICATES... any core analyses, gamma ray, neutron or other electric log surveys and back-pressure tests...

  5. 18 CFR 157.215 - Underground storage testing and development.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... testing and development. 157.215 Section 157.215 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER NATURAL GAS ACT APPLICATIONS FOR CERTIFICATES..., gamma ray, neutron or other electric log surveys and back-pressure tests taken during the quarter; (v)...

  6. 18 CFR 157.215 - Underground storage testing and development.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... testing and development. 157.215 Section 157.215 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER NATURAL GAS ACT APPLICATIONS FOR CERTIFICATES..., and copies of any core analyses, gamma ray, neutron or other electric log surveys and...

  7. 14 CFR 91.157 - Special VFR weather minimums.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Special VFR weather minimums. 91.157... Flight Rules § 91.157 Special VFR weather minimums. (a) Except as provided in appendix D, section 3, of this part, special VFR operations may be conducted under the weather minimums and requirements of...

  8. 14 CFR 91.157 - Special VFR weather minimums.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Special VFR weather minimums. 91.157... Flight Rules § 91.157 Special VFR weather minimums. (a) Except as provided in appendix D, section 3, of this part, special VFR operations may be conducted under the weather minimums and requirements of...

  9. 33 CFR 157.39 - Machinery space bilges.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... CFR 155.380. ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Machinery space bilges. 157.39... Vessel Operation § 157.39 Machinery space bilges. (a) A tank vessel may discharge an oily mixture from...

  10. 33 CFR 157.39 - Machinery space bilges.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... CFR 155.380. ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Machinery space bilges. 157.39... Vessel Operation § 157.39 Machinery space bilges. (a) A tank vessel may discharge an oily mixture from...

  11. 33 CFR 157.39 - Machinery space bilges.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... CFR 155.380. ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Machinery space bilges. 157.39... Vessel Operation § 157.39 Machinery space bilges. (a) A tank vessel may discharge an oily mixture from...

  12. 18 CFR 157.39 - Rate treatment of pipeline expansions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Rate treatment of pipeline expansions. 157.39 Section 157.39 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY... treatment of pipeline expansions. There shall be a rebuttable presumption that rates for any expansion of...

  13. 18 CFR 157.36 - Open seasons for expansions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... expansions. 157.36 Section 157.36 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY... expansions. Any open season for capacity exceeding the initial capacity of an Alaska natural gas... Thomson production. In considering a proposed voluntary expansion of an Alaska natural gas...

  14. 18 CFR 157.39 - Rate treatment of pipeline expansions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Rate treatment of pipeline expansions. 157.39 Section 157.39 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY... treatment of pipeline expansions. There shall be a rebuttable presumption that rates for any expansion of...

  15. 18 CFR 157.36 - Open seasons for expansions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... expansions. 157.36 Section 157.36 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY... expansions. Any open season for capacity exceeding the initial capacity of an Alaska natural gas... Thomson production. In considering a proposed voluntary expansion of an Alaska natural gas...

  16. 18 CFR 157.39 - Rate treatment of pipeline expansions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Rate treatment of pipeline expansions. 157.39 Section 157.39 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY... treatment of pipeline expansions. There shall be a rebuttable presumption that rates for any expansion of...

  17. 18 CFR 157.36 - Open seasons for expansions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... expansions. 157.36 Section 157.36 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY... expansions. Any open season for capacity exceeding the initial capacity of an Alaska natural gas... Thomson production. In considering a proposed voluntary expansion of an Alaska natural gas...

  18. 18 CFR 157.39 - Rate treatment of pipeline expansions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Rate treatment of pipeline expansions. 157.39 Section 157.39 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY... treatment of pipeline expansions. There shall be a rebuttable presumption that rates for any expansion of...

  19. 18 CFR 157.36 - Open seasons for expansions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... expansions. 157.36 Section 157.36 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY... expansions. Any open season for capacity exceeding the initial capacity of an Alaska natural gas... Thomson production. In considering a proposed voluntary expansion of an Alaska natural gas...

  20. 18 CFR 157.39 - Rate treatment of pipeline expansions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Rate treatment of pipeline expansions. 157.39 Section 157.39 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY... treatment of pipeline expansions. There shall be a rebuttable presumption that rates for any expansion of...

  1. 18 CFR 157.36 - Open seasons for expansions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... expansions. 157.36 Section 157.36 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY... expansions. Any open season for capacity exceeding the initial capacity of an Alaska natural gas... Thomson production. In considering a proposed voluntary expansion of an Alaska natural gas...

  2. 18 CFR 157.5 - Purpose and intent of rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Purpose and intent of rules. 157.5 Section 157.5 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER NATURAL GAS ACT APPLICATIONS FOR CERTIFICATES OF PUBLIC CONVENIENCE AND NECESSITY AND FOR...

  3. 33 CFR 157.23 - Cargo and ballast system information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Cargo and ballast system information. 157.23 Section 157.23 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) POLLUTION RULES FOR THE PROTECTION OF THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT RELATING TO TANK VESSELS CARRYING OIL IN BULK Design, Equipment,...

  4. 33 CFR 157.39 - Machinery space bilges.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... CFR 155.380. ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Machinery space bilges. 157.39... Vessel Operation § 157.39 Machinery space bilges. (a) A tank vessel may discharge an oily mixture from...

  5. Biocontrol of Escherichia coli O157

    PubMed Central

    Boyacioglu, Olcay; Sharma, Manan; Sulakvelidze, Alexander; Goktepe, Ipek

    2013-01-01

    The effect of a bacteriophage cocktail (EcoShield™) that is specific against Escherichia coli O157:H7 was evaluated against a nalidixic acid-resistant enterohemorrhagic E. coli O157:H7 RM4407 (EHEC) strain on leafy greens stored under either (1) ambient air or (2) modified atmosphere (MA; 5% O2/35% CO2/60% N2). Pieces (~2 × 2 cm2) of leafy greens (lettuce and spinach) inoculated with 4.5 log CFU/cm2 EHEC were sprayed with EcoShield™ (6.5 log PFU/cm2). Samples were stored at 4 or 10°C for up to 15 d. On spinach, the level of EHEC declined by 2.38 and 2.49 log CFU/cm2 at 4 and 10°C, respectively, 30 min after phage application (p ≤ 0.05). EcoShield™ was also effective in reducing EHEC on the surface of green leaf lettuce stored at 4°C by 2.49 and 3.28 log units in 30 min and 2 h, respectively (p ≤ 0.05). At 4°C under atmospheric air, the phage cocktail significantly (p ≤ 0.05) lowered the EHEC counts in one day by 1.19, 3.21 and 3.25 log CFU/cm2 on spinach, green leaf and romaine lettuce, respectively compared with control (no bacteriophage) treatments. When stored under MA at 4°C, phages reduced (p ≤ 0.05) EHEC populations by 2.18, 3.50 and 3.13 log CFU/cm2, on spinach, green leaf and romaine lettuce. At 10°C, EHEC reductions under atmospheric air storage were 1.99, 3.90 and 3.99 log CFU/cm2 (p ≤ 0.05), while population reductions under MA were 3.08, 3.89 and 4.34 logs on spinach, green leaf and romaine lettuce, respectively, compared with controls (p ≤ 0.05). The results of this study showed that bacteriophages were effective in reducing the levels of E. coli O157:H7 on fresh leafy produce, and that the reduction was further improved when produce was stored under the MA conditions. PMID:23819107

  6. Perforating corneal injury in rat and pentadecapeptide BPC 157.

    PubMed

    Masnec, Sanja; Kokot, Antonio; Zlatar, Mirna; Kalauz, Miro; Kunjko, Kristian; Radic, Bozo; Klicek, Robert; Drmic, Domagoj; Lazic, Ratimir; Brcic, Luka; Radic, Radivoje; Ivekovic, Renata; Seiwerth, Sven; Sikiric, Predrag

    2015-07-01

    Based on its healing effects in various tissues, we hypothesized that the stable gastric pentadecapeptide BPC 157 heals corneal ulcerations in rats and effects corneal transparency. We made a penetrant linear 2-mm incision in the paralimbal region of the left cornea at the 5 o'clock position with a 20-gauge MVR incision knife at 45° under an operating microscope. Medication was BPC 157 (2 pg/mL, 2 ng/mL, and 2 μg/mL distilled water, two eye drops/left rat eye) immediately after injury induction and then every 8 h up to 120 h; controls received an equal volume of distilled water. In contrast to the poor healing response in controls, BPC 157 significantly accelerated the healing process in 2 μg and 2 ng BPC 157-treated eyes, starting 24 h after the injury, and the fluorescein and Seidel tests became negative. The epithelial defects were completely healed at 72 h (2 μg BPC 157-treated group) and at 96 h (2 ng BPC 157-treated group) after injury. Aqueous cells were absent at 96 h and 120 h after injury in the 2 μg and 2 ng BPC 157-treated groups, respectively. In conclusion, BPC 157 effects the rapid regaining of corneal transparency. Whereas controls developed new vessels that grew from the limbus to the penetrated area, BPC 157-treated rats generally had no new vessels, and those that did form in the limbus did not make contact with the penetrated area. Thus, BPC 157 eye drops successfully close perforating corneal incisions in rats. PMID:25912999

  7. Toxicity by NSAIDs. Counteraction by stable gastric pentadecapeptide BPC 157.

    PubMed

    Sikiric, Predrag; Seiwerth, Sven; Rucman, Rudolf; Turkovic, Branko; Rokotov, Dinko Stancic; Brcic, Luka; Sever, Marko; Klicek, Robert; Radic, Bozo; Drmic, Domagoj; Ilic, Spomenko; Kolenc, Danijela; Aralica, Gorana; Safic, Hana; Suran, Jelena; Rak, Davor; Dzidic, Senka; Vrcic, Hrvoje; Sebecic, Bozidar

    2013-01-01

    Stable gastric pentadecapeptide BPC 157 is an anti-ulcer peptidergic agent, proven in clinical trials to be both safe in inflammatory bowel disease (PL-10, PLD-116, PL 14736) and wound healing, stable in human gastric juice, with no toxicity being reported. Recently, we claim that BPC 157 may be used as an antidote against NSAIDs. We focused on BPC 157 beneficial effects on stomach, duodenum, intestine, liver and brain injuries, adjuvant arthritis, pain, hyper/hypothermia, obstructive thrombus formation and thrombolysis, blood vessel function, counteraction of prolonged bleeding and thrombocytopenia after application of various anticoagulants and antiplatelet agents and wound healing improvement. The arguments for BPC 157 antidote activity (i.e., the role of BPC 157 in cytoprotection, being a novel mediator of Robert's cytoprotection and BPC 157 beneficial effects on NSAIDs mediated lesions in the gastrointestinal tract, liver and brain and finally, counteraction of aspirin-induced prolonged bleeding and thrombocytopenia) obviously have a counteracting effect on several established side-effects of NSAIDs use. The mentioned variety of the beneficial effects portrayed by BPC 157 may well be a foundation for establishing BPC 157 as a NSAIDs antidote since no other single agent has portrayed a similar array of effects. Unlike NSAIDs, a very high safety (no reported toxicity (LD1 could be not achieved)) profile is reported for BPC 157. Also, unlike the different dosage levels of aspirin, as a NSAIDs prototype, which differ by a factor of about ten, all these beneficial and counteracting effects of BPC 157 were obtained using the equipotent dosage (μg, ng/kg) in parenteral or peroral regimens. PMID:22950504

  8. Spectroscopic refractive indices of monoclinic single crystal and ceramic Lutetium oxyorthosilicate (LSO) from 200 to 850 nm

    SciTech Connect

    Jellison Jr, Gerald Earle; Specht, Eliot D; Boatner, Lynn A; Singh, David J; Melcher, Charles L

    2012-01-01

    The four real values of the dielectric function tensor of the monoclinic crystal Lu2SiO5 or lutetium oxyorthosilicate (LSO) have been determined using generalized ellipsometry from 200 to 850 nm. The three principal values are fit to the Sellmeier model, and they indicate that the band gap of LSO is less than ~9 eV. The off-diagonal element 12 is non-zero over the entire spectrum, but it is very close to zero for wavelengths longer than ~400 nm, indicating that structurally monoclinic LSO is nearly optically orthorhombic in this wavelength region. The spectroscopic dielectric functions of three isotropic ceramic LSO samples are presented, which are consistent with the dielectric functions of single-crystal LSO when the effects of porosity are included. As a comparison, the dielectric functions are also determined using relativistic electronic structure and optical calculations based on the recently developed potential functional of Tran and Blaha (Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 226401 (2009).)

  9. [Survival of VTEC O157 and non-O157 in water troughs and bovine feces].

    PubMed

    Polifroni, Rosana; Etcheverría, Analía I; Arroyo, Guillermo H; Padola, Nora L

    2014-01-01

    Verotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC) is the etiologic agent of hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS), which typically affects children ranging in age from six months to five years old. Transmission is produced by consumption of contaminated food, by direct contact with animals or the environment and from person to person. In previous studies we determined that the environment of a dairy farm is a non-animal reservoir; thus, we proposed to study the survival of 4 VTEC isolates (O20:H19; O91:H21; O157:H7 and O178:H19) in sterile water troughs and bovine feces by viable bacteria count and detection of virulence genes by PCR. It was demonstrated that the survival of different VTEC isolates (O157 and non-O157) varied in terms of their own characteristics as well as of the environmental conditions where they were found. The main differences between isolates were their survival time and the maximal counts reached. The competitive and adaptive characteristics of some isolates increase the infection risk for people that are visiting or working on a farm, as well as the risk for reinfection of the animals and food contamination. PMID:25011597

  10. Topological data analysis of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and non-O157 survival in soils

    PubMed Central

    Ibekwe, Abasiofiok M.; Ma, Jincai; Crowley, David E.; Yang, Ching-Hong; Johnson, Alexis M.; Petrossian, Tanya C.; Lum, Pek Y.

    2014-01-01

    Shiga toxin-producing E. coli O157:H7 and non-O157 have been implicated in many foodborne illnesses caused by the consumption of contaminated fresh produce. However, data on their persistence in soils are limited due to the complexity in datasets generated from different environmental variables and bacterial taxa. There is a continuing need to distinguish the various environmental variables and different bacterial groups to understand the relationships among these factors and the pathogen survival. Using an approach called Topological Data Analysis (TDA); we reconstructed the relationship structure of E. coli O157 and non-O157 survival in 32 soils (16 organic and 16 conventionally managed soils) from California (CA) and Arizona (AZ) with a multi-resolution output. In our study, we took a community approach based on total soil microbiome to study community level survival and examining the network of the community as a whole and the relationship between its topology and biological processes. TDA produces a geometric representation of complex data sets. Network analysis showed that Shiga toxin negative strain E. coli O157:H7 4554 survived significantly longer in comparison to E. coli O157:H7 EDL 933, while the survival time of E. coli O157:NM was comparable to that of E. coli O157:H7 EDL 933 in all of the tested soils. Two non-O157 strains, E. coli O26:H11 and E. coli O103:H2 survived much longer than E. coli O91:H21 and the three strains of E. coli O157. We show that there are complex interactions between E. coli strain survival, microbial community structures, and soil parameters. PMID:25250242

  11. Antiinflammatory effect of BPC 157 on experimental periodontitis in rats.

    PubMed

    Keremi, B; Lohinai, Z; Komora, P; Duhaj, S; Borsi, K; Jobbagy-Ovari, G; Kallo, K; Szekely, A D; Fazekas, A; Dobo-Nagy, C; Sikiric, P; Varga, G

    2009-12-01

    The pentadecapeptide BPC 157 has been shown to have anti-inflammatory and wound healing effects on multiple target tissues and organs. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of BPC 157 on inflammation and bone resorption in experimental periodontitis in rats. First the acute effect of BPC was tested on gingival blood flow by laser doppler flowmetry. Then periodontitis was produced by a silk ligature placed around the lower left first molar. Rats were treated with BPC 157 (once daily for 12 days) or vehicle. At day 13, the gingivomucosal tissues encircling the molars were removed on both sides. Inflammation was assessed by Evans blue plasma extravasation technique and by histology. Alveolar bone loss was analyzed by microCT. BPC 157 had no effect on gingivomucosal blood flow. Twelve day ligature caused a significantly increased Evans blue extravasation in the gingivomucosal tissue, histological signs of inflammation, and alveolar bone destruction. BPC 157 treatment significantly reduced both plasma extravasation, histological alterations and alveolar bone resorption. In conclusion, systemic application of BPC 157 does not alter blood circulation in healthy gingiva. Chronic application of the peptide has potent antiinflammatory effects on periodontal tissues in ligature induced periodontitis in rats. Taken together, this proof of concept study suggests that BPC 157 may represent a new peptide candidate in the treatment of periodontal disease. PMID:20388954

  12. Pentadecapeptide BPC 157 and the esophagocutaneous fistula healing therapy.

    PubMed

    Cesarec, Vedran; Becejac, Tomislav; Misic, Marija; Djakovic, Zeljko; Olujic, Danijela; Drmic, Domagoj; Brcic, Luka; Rokotov, Dinko Stancic; Seiwerth, Sven; Sikiric, Predrag

    2013-02-15

    Esophagocutaneous fistulas are a failure of the NO-system, due to NO-synthase blockage by the NOS-blocker L-NAME consequently counteracted by l-arginine and gastric pentadecapeptide BPC 157 (l-arginine 157), precipitating a therapeutic benefit. Previously, there was an established BPC 157-NO-system interaction. BPC 157 GEPPPGKPADDAGLV, MW 1419 (LD1 not achieved), is a safe and stable anti-ulcer peptide, successful in inflammatory bowel disease trials, counteracting esophagitis, sphincter failure, gastrointestinal and skin ulcers, gastrocutaneous or colocutaneous fistulas. We treated rats with established cervical esophagocutaneous fistulas throughout four days (both open skin and esophageal defects, with significant leakage) with BPC 157 (parenterally and perorally) and L-NAME (blocking NO genesis) and l-arginine (NO-substrate) alone or in combination. RT-PCR investigated eNOS, iNOS, COX-2 mRNA levels in the fistulas. We evidenced a closely inter-related process of unhealed skin, esophageal defects, unhealed fistulas (up regulated eNOS, iNOS and COX2 mRNA levels), usually lethal, particularly NO-system related and therapy dependent. Generally, the course of fistula healing was accelerated either to a greater extent (with BPC 157 (in particular, less eNOS gene expression) completely counteracting L-NAME effects, in L-NAME+BPC 157 and L-NAME+l-arginine+BPC 157 groups), or to a lesser extent (with l-arginine). Conversely, the process was aggravated, rapidly and prominently (with L-NAME). In particular, BPC 157 was effective either given per-orally/intraperitoneally, in μg- and ng-regimens. Shortly, defects started to heal, with less fistula leakage and no mortality at day 4. Failure of pyloric and lower esophageal sphincter pressure was restored, with practically no esophagitis. PMID:23220707

  13. Feasibility of repeated sequential treatments of RIF-1 tumors with photodynamic therapy (PDT) using lutetium texaphyrin (PCI-0123)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Miles, Dale R.; Parker, Lynn M.; Thiemann, Patricia A.; Woodburn, Kathryn W.; Young, Stuart W.

    1997-05-01

    Lutetium texaphyrin (PCI-0123) is currently in clinical trials as a PDT agent for the treatment of cancer patients. The drug is cleared rapidly from the plasma, and photoirradiation can be performed shortly after drug administration.T He photosensitizer as yet does not appear to elicit any significant skin photosensitivity. These characteristics favor frequent multiple PDT treatments with PCI-0123. In order to support repeated PDT treatments in the clinic, the safety of multiple drug dosing was studied in rats and mice. In rats, each group received 5 consecutive daily intravenous administrations of 5, 15, 30, or 60 mg/kg/day of PCI-0123. There were no deaths in any of the groups, and no drug-related effects were detected in the 5 mg/kg/day group. In mice, there were no observable signs of toxicity after consecutive daily administration of 10 micrometers ol/kg/day of PCI-0123 for 13 days. The feasibility and efficacy of repeated PDT treatments were assessed in C3H mice bearing RIF-1 tumors. Repeated PDT proved to be superior to a single PDT treatment. Repeated PDT treatments were well tolerated. Seven PDT treatments were administered over a nine day period without significant toxicity while achieving good therapeutic responses. All six groups receiving repeated PDT treatments showed an improved response compared to groups receiving a single PDT cycle, and the improvement was statistically significant for five of these groups. Sixty-two percent of mice receiving four sequential daily treatments were cured, and daily treatments were superior to regimens with longer intervals between PDT cycles.

  14. 33 CFR 157.120 - Waiver of required documents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) POLLUTION RULES FOR THE PROTECTION OF THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT RELATING TO TANK VESSELS CARRYING OIL IN BULK Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels General § 157.120 Waiver of...

  15. 33 CFR 157.15 - Slop tanks in tank vessels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... affecting § 157.15, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding Aids section of the... washing water. (c) Design. A slop tank required in this section: (1) Must minimize turbulence,...

  16. 33 CFR 157.15 - Slop tanks in tank vessels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... affecting § 157.15, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding Aids section of the... washing water. (c) Design. A slop tank required in this section: (1) Must minimize turbulence,...

  17. 33 CFR 157.15 - Slop tanks in tank vessels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... affecting § 157.15, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding Aids section of the... washing water. (c) Design. A slop tank required in this section: (1) Must minimize turbulence,...

  18. View of breezeway and #157 south facade from southeast ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    View of breezeway and #157 south facade from southeast - National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, Pacific Branch, Mental Health Buildings, 11301 Wilshire Boulevard, West Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA

  19. 33 CFR 157.445 - Maneuvering performance capability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... authorized classification society, as described in § 157.04 of this part, stating the requirements in... confirming the completion of the tests or a letter from an authorized classification society, as described...

  20. 7 CFR 800.157 - Official weighing records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... and Forms (general) § 800.157 Official weighing records. (a) Scale ticket, scale tape, or other weight... shall consist of a scale ticket, a scale tape, or any other weight record prescribed in the...

  1. 7 CFR 800.157 - Official weighing records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... and Forms (general) § 800.157 Official weighing records. (a) Scale ticket, scale tape, or other weight... shall consist of a scale ticket, a scale tape, or any other weight record prescribed in the...

  2. 7 CFR 800.157 - Official weighing records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... and Forms (general) § 800.157 Official weighing records. (a) Scale ticket, scale tape, or other weight... shall consist of a scale ticket, a scale tape, or any other weight record prescribed in the...

  3. 157. Detail of lightning arresters; looking west. Photo by Jet ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    157. Detail of lightning arresters; looking west. Photo by Jet Lowe, HAER, 1989. - Puget Sound Power & Light Company, White River Hydroelectric Project, 600 North River Avenue, Dieringer, Pierce County, WA

  4. View from southwest of #156 and #157 with covered breezeways ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    View from southwest of #156 and #157 with covered breezeways - National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, Pacific Branch, Mental Health Buildings, 11301 Wilshire Boulevard, West Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA

  5. View of south entrance to #157 through south breezeway arches ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    View of south entrance to #157 through south breezeway arches - National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, Pacific Branch, Mental Health Buildings, 11301 Wilshire Boulevard, West Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA

  6. Detail view of Spanish tower on south facade of #157 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Detail view of Spanish tower on south facade of #157 - National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, Pacific Branch, Mental Health Buildings, 11301 Wilshire Boulevard, West Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA

  7. 40 CFR 96.157 - Closing of general accounts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... CAIR NOX Allowance Tracking System § 96.157 Closing of general accounts. (a) The CAIR authorized... allowances in the account to one or more other CAIR NOX Allowance Tracking System accounts. (b) If a...

  8. 40 CFR 96.157 - Closing of general accounts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... CAIR NOX Allowance Tracking System § 96.157 Closing of general accounts. (a) The CAIR authorized... allowances in the account to one or more other CAIR NOX Allowance Tracking System accounts. (b) If a...

  9. 40 CFR 97.157 - Closing of general accounts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Tracking System § 97.157 Closing of general accounts. (a) The CAIR authorized account representative of a... to one or more other CAIR NOX Allowance Tracking System accounts. (b) If a general account has...

  10. 40 CFR 97.157 - Closing of general accounts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Tracking System § 97.157 Closing of general accounts. (a) The CAIR authorized account representative of a... to one or more other CAIR NOX Allowance Tracking System accounts. (b) If a general account has...

  11. 40 CFR 96.157 - Closing of general accounts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... CAIR NOX Allowance Tracking System § 96.157 Closing of general accounts. (a) The CAIR authorized... allowances in the account to one or more other CAIR NOX Allowance Tracking System accounts. (b) If a...

  12. 40 CFR 97.157 - Closing of general accounts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Tracking System § 97.157 Closing of general accounts. (a) The CAIR authorized account representative of a... to one or more other CAIR NOX Allowance Tracking System accounts. (b) If a general account has...

  13. 40 CFR 97.157 - Closing of general accounts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Tracking System § 97.157 Closing of general accounts. (a) The CAIR authorized account representative of a... to one or more other CAIR NOX Allowance Tracking System accounts. (b) If a general account has...

  14. 40 CFR 96.157 - Closing of general accounts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... CAIR NOX Allowance Tracking System § 96.157 Closing of general accounts. (a) The CAIR authorized... allowances in the account to one or more other CAIR NOX Allowance Tracking System accounts. (b) If a...

  15. 56. Overall view towards launch pad with building 157, sentry ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    56. Overall view towards launch pad with building 157, sentry control box on left, and building 156, Warhead Building on right, looking southwest - Nike Missile Battery MS-40, County Road No. 260, Farmington, Dakota County, MN

  16. 12. VIEW EAST, BUILDING 12 INTERIOR, WIND TUNNEL 157 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    12. VIEW EAST, BUILDING 12 INTERIOR, WIND TUNNEL 157 - Naval Surface Warfare Center, Transonic Wind Tunnel Building, Bounded by Clara Barton Parkway & McArthur Boulevard, Silver Spring, Montgomery County, MD

  17. 2. VIEW SOUTH OF WIND TUNNEL 157, NORTH ELEVATION ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. VIEW SOUTH OF WIND TUNNEL 157, NORTH ELEVATION - Naval Surface Warfare Center, Transonic Wind Tunnel Building, Bounded by Clara Barton Parkway & McArthur Boulevard, Silver Spring, Montgomery County, MD

  18. Interior view to the southwest of Computer Room 157 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Interior view to the southwest of Computer Room 157 - Over-the-Horizon Backscatter Radar Network, Mountain Home Air Force Operations Building, On Desert Street at 9th Avenue Mountain Home Air Force Base, Mountain Home, Elmore County, ID

  19. 33 CFR 157.106 - Letter of acceptance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) POLLUTION RULES FOR THE PROTECTION OF THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT RELATING TO TANK VESSELS CARRYING OIL IN BULK Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels General § 157.106 Letter of acceptance. The Coast...

  20. 33 CFR 157.106 - Letter of acceptance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...) POLLUTION RULES FOR THE PROTECTION OF THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT RELATING TO TANK VESSELS CARRYING OIL IN BULK Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels General § 157.106 Letter of acceptance. The Coast...

  1. 26 CFR 157.5891-1 - Imposition of excise tax on structured settlement factoring transactions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ....), as it appeared in the April 1, 2003, edition of 26 CFR part 157. ... settlement factoring transactions. 157.5891-1 Section 157.5891-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE... SETTLEMENT FACTORING TRANSACTIONS Tax on Structured Settlement Factoring Transactions § 157.5891-1...

  2. 26 CFR 157.5891-1 - Imposition of excise tax on structured settlement factoring transactions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ....), as it appeared in the April 1, 2003, edition of 26 CFR part 157. ... settlement factoring transactions. 157.5891-1 Section 157.5891-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE... SETTLEMENT FACTORING TRANSACTIONS Tax on Structured Settlement Factoring Transactions § 157.5891-1...

  3. Bison and bovine rectoanal junctions exhibit similar cellular architecture and Escherichia coli O157 adherence patterns

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Escherichia coli O157 (O157) is frequently isolated from bison retail meat, a fact that is important given that bison meat has also been implicated in an O157-multistate outbreak. In addition, O157 has also been isolated from bison feces at slaughter and on farms. Cattle are well documented as O15...

  4. Stable gastric pentadecapeptide BPC 157: novel therapy in gastrointestinal tract.

    PubMed

    Sikiric, Predrag; Seiwerth, Sven; Rucman, Rudolf; Turkovic, Branko; Rokotov, Dinko Stancic; Brcic, Luka; Sever, Marko; Klicek, Robert; Radic, Bozo; Drmic, Domagoj; Ilic, Spomenko; Kolenc, Danijela; Vrcic, Hrvoje; Sebecic, Bozidar

    2011-01-01

    Stable gastric pentadecapeptide BPC 157 is an anti-ulcer peptidergic agent, safe in inflammatory bowel disease clinical trials (GEPPPGKPADDAGLV, M.W. 1419, PL 14736) and wound healing, stable in human gastric juice and has no reported toxicity. We focused on BPC 157 as a therapy in peridontitis, esophagus, stomach, duodenum, intestine, liver and pancreas lesions. Particularly, it has a prominent effect on alcohol-lesions (i.e., acute, chronic) and NSAIDs-lesions (interestingly, BPC 157 both prevents and reverses adjuvant arthritis). In rat esophagitis and failed function of both lower esophageal sphincter (LES) and pyloric sphincters (PS), BPC 157 increased pressure in both sphincters till normal and reduced esophagitis. However, in healthy rats, it may decrease (PS) or increase (LES) the pressure in sphincters. It has strong angiogenic potential, it acts protectively on endothelium, prevents and reverses thrombus formation after abdominal aorta anastomosis, affects many central disturbances (i.e., dopamine and 5-HT system), the NO-system (either L-arginine and L-NAME effects), endothelin, acts as a free radical scavenger (counteracting CCl4-, paracetamol-, diclofenac-injuries) and exhibits neuroprotective properties. BPC 157 successfully heals the intestinal anastomosis, gastrocutaneous, duodenocutaneous and colocutaneous fistulas in rats, as well as interacting with the NO-system. Interestingly, the fistula closure was achieved even when the BPC 157 therapy was postponed for one month. In short-bowel syndrome escalating throughout 4 weeks, the constant weight gain above preoperative values started immediately with peroral and parental BPC 157 therapy and the villus height, crypth depth and muscle thickness (inner (circular) muscular layer) additionally increased. Thus, BPC 157 may improve gastrointestinal tract therapy. PMID:21548867

  5. Bacteriophage cocktail significantly reduces Escherichia coli O157

    PubMed Central

    Carter, Chandi D.; Parks, Adam; Abuladze, Tamar; Li, Manrong; Woolston, Joelle; Magnone, Joshua; Senecal, Andre; Kropinski, Andrew M.; Sulakvelidze, Alexander

    2012-01-01

    Foods contaminated with Escherichia coli O157:H7 cause more than 63,000 foodborne illnesses in the United States every year, resulting in a significant economic impact on medical costs and product liabilities. Efforts to reduce contamination with E. coli O157:H7 have largely focused on washing, application of various antibacterial chemicals, and gamma-irradiation, each of which has practical and environmental drawbacks. A relatively recent, environmentally-friendly approach proposed for eliminating or significantly reducing E. coli O157:H7 contamination of foods is the use of lytic bacteriophages as biocontrol agents. We found that EcoShield™, a commercially available preparation composed of three lytic bacteriophages specific for E. coli O157:H7, significantly (p < 0.05) reduced the levels of the bacterium in experimentally contaminated beef by ≥ 94% and in lettuce by 87% after a five minute contact time. The reduced levels of bacteria were maintained for at least one week at refrigerated temperatures. However, the one-time application of EcoShield™ did not protect the foods from recontamination with E. coli O157:H7. Our results demonstrate that EcoShield™ is effective in significantly reducing contamination of beef and lettuce with E. coli O157:H7, but does not protect against potential later contamination due to, for example, unsanitary handling of the foods post processing. PMID:23275869

  6. Distribution of Shiga-Toxigenic Escherichia coli O157 in the Gastrointestinal Tract of Naturally O157-Shedding Cattle at Necropsy

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Shiga-toxigenic Escherichia coli O157 (STEC O157) occurrence was determined along the entire gastrointestinal tract (GIT) of four naturally-infected cattle and at specific locations for 61 additional animals. STECO157 was recovered along the entire length of the GIT, though inter-animal distributio...

  7. Shiga-toxigenic Escherichia coli O157 and non-Shiga-toxigenic Escherichia coli O157 respond differently to culture and isolation from naturally contaminated bovine feces

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    We quantified the effects of two immunomagnetic separation (IMS) strategies, two broth enrichment times, and two selective plating media on isolation rates of Shiga-toxigenic Escherichia coli (STEC) O157 and non-STEC O157 from fecal specimens of naturally infected feedlot cattle. STEC O157 and non-...

  8. Monoclonal antibody-based therapy of a human tumor xenograft with a 177lutetium-labeled immunoconjugate

    SciTech Connect

    Schlom, J.; Siler, K.; Milenic, D.E.; Eggensperger, D.; Colcher, D.; Miller, L.S.; Houchens, D.; Cheng, R.; Kaplan, D.; Goeckeler, W. )

    1991-06-01

    {sup 177}Lutetium ({sup 177}Lu) is a member of the family of elements known as lanthanides or rare earths. Monoclonal antibody (MAb) CC49, a murine IgG1, which is reactive with the tumor-associated antigen, TAG-72, has been shown previously to react with a wide range of human carcinomas; CC49 reacts to a different epitope on the TAG-72 molecule than MAb B72.3 and has a higher binding affinity. We report here the first use of a {sup 177}Lu-labeled immunoconjugate, {sup 177}Lu-CC49, in an experimental therapy model for human carcinoma. {sup 177}Lu-CC49 was shown to delay the growth of established LS-174T human colon carcinomas in athymic mice at a single dose of 50 microCi. Overt toxicity was observed with the administration of approximately 500 microCi of {sup 177}Lu-CC49 in which 5 of 9 mice died of apparent marrow toxicity. A single administration of 200 or 350 microCi of {sup 177}Lu-CC49, however, was shown to eliminate established tumors through the 77-day observation period after MAb administration. Dose fractionation experiments revealed that at least 750 microCi of {sup 177}Lu-CC49 (250 microCi/week for 3 consecutive weeks) was well tolerated in that 9 of 10 mice survived. Moreover, this dose schedule was able to eliminate the growth of relatively large (300 mm3) human colon tumor xenografts in 90% of the animals treated. Single-dose and dose fractionation studies were also carried out with an isotype-matched control MAb, {sup 177}Lu-MOPC-21. In all dose schedules, a large differential was seen between the therapeutic effects of the {sup 177}Lu-CC49 versus that of the {sup 177}Lu-control MAb. The merits and limitations of the use of {sup 177}Lu-labeled immunoconjugates (in particular, {sup 177}Lu-CC49) are discussed in terms of potential novel therapeutics for human carcinoma.

  9. Beta emitters rhenium-188 and lutetium-177 are equally effective in radioimmunotherapy of HPV-positive experimental cervical cancer.

    PubMed

    Phaeton, Rebecca; Jiang, Zewei; Revskaya, Ekaterina; Fisher, Darrell R; Goldberg, Gary L; Dadachova, Ekaterina

    2016-01-01

    Cervical cancer caused by the infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV) remains the fourth leading killer of women worldwide. Therefore, more efficacious treatments are needed. We are developing radioimmunotherapy (RIT) of HPV-positive cervical cancers by targeting E6 and E7 viral oncoproteins expressed by the cancer cells with the radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies (mAbs). To investigate the influence of different radionuclides on the RIT efficacy-we performed RIT of experimental cervical cancer with Rhenium-188 ((188) Re) and Lutetium-177 ((177) Lu)-labeled mAb C1P5 to E6. The biodistribution of (188) Re- and (177) Lu-labeled C1P5 was performed in nude female mice bearing CasKi cervical cancer xenografts and the radiation dosimetry calculations for the tumors and organs were carried out. For RIT the mice were treated with 7.4 MBq of either (188) Re-C1P5 or (177) Lu-C1P5 or left untreated, and observed for their tumor size for 28 days. The levels of (188) Re- and (177) Lu-C1P5 mAbs-induced double-strand breaks in CasKi tumors were compared on days 5 and 10 post treatment by staining with anti-gamma H2AX antibody. The radiation doses to the heart and lungs were similar for both (177) Lu-C1P5 and (188) Re-C1P5. The dose to the liver was five times higher for (177) Lu-C1P5. The doses to the tumor were 259 and 181 cGy for (177) Lu-C1P5 and (188) Re-C1P5, respectively. RIT with either (177) Lu-C1P5 or (188) Re-C1P5 was equally effective in inhibiting tumor growth when each was compared to the untreated controls (P = 0.001). On day 5 there was a pronounced staining for gamma H2AX foci in (177) Lu-C1P5 group only and on day 10 it was observed in both (177) Lu-C1P5 and (188) Re-C1P5 groups. (188) Re- and (177) Lu-labeled mAbs were equally effective in arresting the growth of CasKi cervical tumors. Thus, both of these radionuclides are candidates for the clinical trials of this approach in patients with advanced, recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer. PMID:26625938

  10. Gastric pentadecapeptide BPC 157 and short bowel syndrome in rats.

    PubMed

    Sever, Marko; Klicek, Robert; Radic, Bozo; Brcic, Luka; Zoricic, Ivan; Drmic, Domagoj; Ivica, Mihovil; Barisic, Ivan; Ilic, Spomenko; Berkopic, Lidija; Blagaic, Alenka Boban; Coric, Marijana; Kolenc, Danijela; Vrcic, Hrvoje; Anic, Tomislav; Seiwerth, Sven; Sikiric, Predrag

    2009-10-01

    The gastric pentadecapeptide BPC 157, which was shown to be safe as an antiulcer peptide in trials for inflammatory bowel disease (PL14736, Pliva), successfully healed intestinal anastomosis and fistula in rat. Therefore, we studied for 4 weeks rats with escalating short bowel syndrome and progressive weight loss after small bowel resection from fourth ileal artery cranially of ileocecal valve to 5 cm beneath pylorus. BPC 157 (10 microg/kg or 10 ng/kg) was given perorally, in drinking water (12 ml/rat/day) or intraperitoneally (once daily, first application 30 min following surgery, last 24 h before sacrifice). Postoperatively, features of increasingly exhausted presentation were: weight loss appearing immediately regardless of villus height, twofold increase in crypt depth and fourfold increase in muscle thickness within the first week, jejunal and ileal overdilation, and disturbed jejunum/ileum relation. In contrast, constant weight gain above preoperative values was observed immediately with BPC 157 therapy, both perorally and parenterally, and villus height, crypt depth, and muscle thickness [inner (circular) muscular layer] also increased, at 7, 14, 21, and 28 days. Moreover, rats treated with pentadecapeptide BPC 157 showed not different jejunal and ileal diameters, constant jejunum-to-ileum ratio, and increased anastomosis breaking strength. In conclusion, pentadecapeptide BPC 157 could be helpful to cure short bowel syndrome. PMID:19093208

  11. Lifetimes and electromagnetic transition strength in 157Dy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gladnishki, K. A.; Petkov, P.; Dewald, A.; Jolie, J.; Möller, O.; Saha, B.; Fitzler, A.; Jessen, K.; Tonev, D.; Klug, T.; Heinze, S.; von Brentano, P.; Rainovski, G.; Trichkova, M.; Bazzacco, D.; Ur, C. A.; Farnea, E.; Axiotis, M.; Lunardi, S.; de Angelis, G.; Napoli, D. R.; Marginean, N.; Martinez, T.; Caprio, M. A.

    2016-06-01

    Excited states in 157Dy have been studied by γ-γ coincidence measurements via the reaction 124Sn(36S,3n) at a beam energy of 155MeV. Lifetimes of the relatively lower-spin states in 157Dy were measured by means of the Recoil Distance Dopplershift technique in the coincidence mode. The experiment was performed at the Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro with the GASP array and the Cologne plunger device. With the same setup a Doppler- shift attenuation (DSA) lifetime measurement was performed for the higher spin states. The Differential decay-curve method was applied for the lifetime determination.

  12. 33 CFR Appendix C to Part 157 - Procedure for Determining Distribution of Segregated Ballast Tanks To Provide Protection Against...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., Ramming, or Collision C Appendix C to Part 157 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF... VESSELS CARRYING OIL IN BULK Pt. 157, App. C Appendix C to Part 157—Procedure for Determining...

  13. 33 CFR Appendix C to Part 157 - Procedure for Determining Distribution of Segregated Ballast Tanks To Provide Protection Against...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ..., Ramming, or Collision C Appendix C to Part 157 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF... VESSELS CARRYING OIL IN BULK Pt. 157, App. C Appendix C to Part 157—Procedure for Determining...

  14. Hydrothermal synthesis and characterization of the lutetium borate-nitrate Lu2B2O5(NO3)2·2H2O

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ortner, Teresa S.; Wurst, Klaus; Hejny, Clivia; Huppertz, Hubert

    2016-01-01

    The lutetium diborate-dinitrate Lu2B2O5(NO3)2·2H2O was discovered through a hydrothermal synthesis from Lu(NO3)3·H2O and H3BO3. The compound crystallizes in the space group P 1 ̅ (no. 2) with the lattice parameters a=789.52(5), b=988.62(6), c=1460.33(8) pm, α=90.83(1), β=101.75(1), and γ=110.02(1)° (Z=4). Isolated [B2O5]4- units show coplanar alignment and the coordinating [NO3]- groups are stacked perpendicular to the borate plane. Thereby, a novel, open arrangement solely built up from diborate and nitrate groups at a 1:1 ratio is formed. Additionally, Lu2B2O5(NO3)2·2H2O is characterized by vibrational spectroscopy (IR/Raman).

  15. Fabrication and microstructure of cerium doped lutetium aluminum garnet (Ce:LuAG) transparent ceramics by solid-state reaction method

    SciTech Connect

    Li, Junlang; Xu, Jian; Shi, Ying; Qi, Hongfang; Xie, Jianjun; Lei, Fang

    2014-07-01

    Highlights: • We fabricate Ce doped lutetium aluminum garnet ceramics by solid-state method. • The raw materials include Lu{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanopowders synthesized by co-precipitation method. • The density of the transparent ceramics reach 99.7% of the theoretical value. • The optical transmittance of the bulk ceramic at 550 nm was 57.48%. • Some scattering centers decrease the optical characteristic of the ceramic. - Abstract: Polycrystalline Ce{sup 3+} doped lutetium aluminum garnet (Ce:LuAG) transparent ceramics fabricated by one step solid-state reaction method using synthetic nano-sized Lu{sub 2}O{sub 3}, commercial α-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} and CeO{sub 2} powders were investigated in this paper. The green compacts shaped by the mixed powders were successfully densified into Ce:LuAG transparent ceramics after vacuum sintering at 1750 °C for 10 h. The in-line optical transmittance of the Ce:LuAG ceramic made by home-made Lu{sub 2}O{sub 3} powders could reach 57.48% at 550 nm, which was higher than that of the ceramic made by commercial Lu{sub 2}O{sub 3} powders (22.96%). The microstructure observation showed that light scattering centers caused by micro-pores, aluminum segregation and refraction index inhomogeneities induced the decrease of optical transparency of the Ce:LuAG ceramics, which should be removed and optimized in the future work.

  16. 76 FR 10082 - 60-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: DS-157, Supplemental Nonimmigrant Visa Application

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-23

    ... Notice of Proposed Information Collection: DS-157, Supplemental Nonimmigrant Visa Application ACTION... Collection: Supplemental Nonimmigrant Visa Application. OMB Control Number: 1405-0134. Type of Request... State (CA/VO). Form Number: DS-157. Respondents: Nonimmigrant visa applicants legally required...

  17. Comparison of clinical and epidemiological features of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O157 and non-O157 infections in British Columbia, 2009 to 2011

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Xuetao; Taylor, Marsha; Hoang, Linda; Ekkert, Judi; Nowakowski, Craig; Stone, Jason; Tone, Greg; Trerise, Steven; Paccagnella, Ana; Wong, Titus; Galanis, Eleni

    2013-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) are major foodborne agents that have the potential to cause severe enteric illnesses and large outbreaks worldwide. Several studies found non-O157 infections to be clinically milder than O157 STEC infections. OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical and epidemiological profiles of O157 and non-O157 STEC human infections in British Columbia (BC). METHODS: All STEC cases reported in BC from 2009 to 2011 by four local health authorities were included in the study. Cases were classified according to STEC serotype based on laboratory information. Information was gathered via case interview forms. Data analysis included the χ2 test and Mann-Whitney test; P<0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. RESULTS: A total of 260 STEC cases were reported, including 154 (59.2%) O157 cases, 63 (24.2%) non-O157 cases and 43 (16.5%) STEC cases with no serotype identified. Hospitalization rate was higher and duration of hospitalization was significantly longer for O157 cases compared with non-O157 cases, but other clinical features were not significantly different. Patients with non-O157 infections were significantly more likely to have travelled outside Canada, less likely to report food exposure at social gatherings and more likely to consume bagged greens and cheese. DISCUSSION: O157 is the predominant O serotype in BC and appeared to be more clinically severe than non-O157 STEC infections. However, the true incidence and severity of non-O157 remain unknown due to our current inability to detect all non-O157 cases. The present study and the literature suggest the need to identify more predictive virulence factors because serotype does not consistently predict disease severity. PMID:24489568

  18. 33 CFR 157.435 - Vital systems surveys.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Vital systems surveys. 157.435... systems surveys. (a) A tank vessel owner or operator shall ensure that surveys of the following systems are conducted: (1) Cargo systems. The survey must include the examination and testing of the...

  19. 33 CFR 157.435 - Vital systems surveys.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Vital systems surveys. 157.435... systems surveys. (a) A tank vessel owner or operator shall ensure that surveys of the following systems are conducted: (1) Cargo systems. The survey must include the examination and testing of the...

  20. 33 CFR 157.435 - Vital systems surveys.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Vital systems surveys. 157.435... systems surveys. (a) A tank vessel owner or operator shall ensure that surveys of the following systems are conducted: (1) Cargo systems. The survey must include the examination and testing of the...