Science.gov

Sample records for mainstream contemporary art

  1. Contemporary Art and Multicultural Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cahan, Susan; Kocur, Zoya

    1994-01-01

    Argues that much of what is used currently to teach about multiculturalism in art consists of art made "long ago" or "far away." Presents four contemporary art works incorporating elements of mass media, popular culture, and diverse artistic traditions. Includes four full-page color photographs of the art works. (CFR)

  2. Young People and Contemporary Art

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illeris, Helene

    2005-01-01

    In this article empirical examples are used to connect theories about young people, contemporary art forms and learning. The first part of the article introduces the new forms of consciousness which, according to the youth researchers Birgitte Simonsen and Thomas Ziehe, characterize young people of today. In the second part, the qualities of…

  3. Teaching Conversations, Contemporary Art, and Figure Drawing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graham, Mark A.

    2012-01-01

    An important problem for high school art teachers is deciding what belongs in the art curriculum. What works of art, media, or ideas will inspire their students to more fully develop their own artistic potential and critically engage with contemporary art and culture? What artifacts of art, visual culture, or material culture should be included…

  4. Art and the Contemporary Scene. Art Education: 6677.11.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Belcher, Jean; Hilf, Anne

    This curriculum guide for Art Education, grades 7-12, deals with forms of contemporary artistic expression--plastics, stitchery, posters, macrame, leather, and candle making. The rationale of the course is to legitimize experimental art in the curriculum and broaden the learner's interest in contemporary art activities. The course includes…

  5. Art as Social Practice: Exploring the Contemporary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leake, Maria D.

    2012-01-01

    Art as social practice encourages active, critical reflections on relevant issues among real people in locally situated engagements and with unpredictable outcomes. This instructional resource focuses on art as social practice that puts critical value on processes of engagement over the creation of art products by exploring contemporary artists…

  6. Contemporary Self-Taught Art.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Suzan B.

    1998-01-01

    Presents learning activities to foster understanding of self-taught art, an often misunderstood genre. Focuses on works of four Alabama artists (Charlie Lucas, Lonnie Holley, Jimmy Lee Sudduth, Sybil Gibson). Includes photos of their works, a description of the art object, a brief biography of the artist, discussion questions, and suggested…

  7. The Contemporary Art of Collaboration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horn, Sheridan

    2008-01-01

    Predetermined assessment criteria and target levels threaten to constrain and limit teachers' desire to provide a balanced and innovative curriculum for their pupils. Through the collaborative production of annual installations, the fine art department at Trinity Catholic School has attempted to confound the effects of a comprehensive school's…

  8. The Cultural Revolution and Contemporary Chinese Art

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yang, Guey-Meei; Suchan, Tom

    2009-01-01

    Using this instructional resource, teachers can explore the impact of the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976) on contemporary art in mainland China with their students. The three artists Luo Zhongli (b. 1948), Xu Bing (b. 1955), and Wang Guangyi (b. 1957) came of age during the Cultural Revolution and are representative of a much larger number of…

  9. Social Engagements with Contemporary Art: Connecting Theory with Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leake, Maria D.

    2014-01-01

    In this article, Leake is arguing for the relevance of contemporary art as a way to bridge the gap between theory and practice in the spaces of art education. Graeme Sullivan develops a similar argument in his "Studies" article, "The Art of Research." Where Leake looks to possibilities for contemporary art as it is presented in…

  10. Teen Artists: Impact of a Contemporary Art Museum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erickson, Mary; Hales, Laura

    2014-01-01

    This study describes the effects of a yearlong, multivisit teen program in a contemporary art museum on adolescents' reflections about art. Our purpose was to discover whether this program, focused on experiences with contemporary art and artists with its metacognitive approach, affected students' thinking about their own artmaking. The…

  11. Pestalozzian and Froebelian Influences on Contemporary Elementary School Art.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tarr, Patricia

    1989-01-01

    Explores the reasons art teaching practices developed by Pestalozzi and Froebel in the 1800's continue to influence contemporary schools, especially at the kindergarten and primary grades. Argues that 19th century school art coexists in contemporary North American elementary schools with school art forms originated by Cizek because each represents…

  12. "Tupy or not Tupy?" Examining Hybridity in Contemporary Brazilian Art

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bastos, Flavia M. C.

    2006-01-01

    Updating the 1920s notion of Anthropophagy developed to symbolize through cannibalistic ritual the process of cultural assimilation that influences art, this article examines issues of naming, describing, and representing contemporary Brazilian art. In the first part of the article, the work of four contemporary Brazilian artists recently…

  13. A Woven Collective: Transformative Practices through Contemporary Art

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graziano, Jane

    2015-01-01

    When first encountering contemporary art, the viewer is confronted with particular challenges--the works can be both surprising in application of materials and provocative in presentation. Contemporary art can confound its audience as they attempt to decode and interpret its meaning. This Instructional Resource outlines an approach for art…

  14. Understanding Sexuality: Unit 3. Parent Education Workbook for Mainstreamed Students. Part I: Relationships. Contemporary Parenting Choices. Module 4.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iowa State Univ. of Science and Technology, Ames. Dept. of Home Economics Education.

    The 2-part student workbook for mainstreamed learning and mentally disabled high school students contains 12 units intended to provide supplementary instruction in the Contemporary Parenting Choices Curriculum in the home economics class. This unit, the third in the Relationships part of the workbook, focuses on understanding sexuality with…

  15. Parent Education Workbook for Mainstreamed Students. Teachers Guide. Contemporary Parenting Choices: Materials for Mainstreamed Classrooms. Module 4.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iowa State Univ. of Science and Technology, Ames. Dept. of Home Economics Education.

    The fourth part of a parenthood education curriculum series, the Parent Education Workbook consists of a teachers guide (and 12 student lesson units not replicated in the guide) divided into two parts, the first part focusing on relationships and the second on child care. The units are intended for use by mainstreamed mentally disabled (MD) and…

  16. Art in the Mainstream: Four Rivers to Explore.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MacGregor, Ronald N.

    1984-01-01

    An exploration of four rivers--the human brain, Nile, Orinoco, and the river created from ideas--shows how diverse expressions of art as a human activity may be and that art has a momentum generated and sustained by forces far greater than those possessed by school boards or legislative bodies. (RM)

  17. Re-Imagining Classrooms: Educational Environments in Contemporary Art

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vella, Raphael

    2015-01-01

    Overlaps between contemporary artistic and pedagogical practices have become commonplace in debates and publications in various fields: from curating and museum studies to art education. Often, such overlaps--particularly pedagogical projects initiated by artists--have been studied from curatorial or art historical perspectives. This paper…

  18. Contemporary Art: Familiar Objects in New Contexts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prabhu, Vas

    1990-01-01

    Describes objects from everyday life and analyzes artworks by four contemporary artists whose works make use of familiar objects (Louise Nevelson, Claes Oldenburg, Mitchell Syrop, and Betye Sarr). Divides lesson into four steps: (1) discussing everyday objects; (2) viewing artworks; (3) studying artists; and (4) class activities related to the…

  19. Contemporary Art and Culture: A Resource Kit.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    J.B. Speed Art Museum, Louisville, KY.

    Abstract expressionism was the first art movement of international importance to have its roots in the United States. This movement stressed the role of art as a method of individual expression. Abstract expressionist paintings are usually non-representational and some elements of their production have been left to chance. Individual artist's…

  20. Pragmatist Aesthetics and New Visions of the Contemporary Art Museum: The Tate Modern and the Baltic Center for Contemporary Art

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marsh, Angela

    2004-01-01

    This essay considers the current impetus toward "democratizing" contemporary art exhibition practice with regards to Deweyan/Shusterman pragmatist aesthetics. The author proposes that Dewey might regard fondly new initiatives at museums and art centers such at the Tate Modern and the Baltic, both which, through various curatorial and programming…

  1. Contemporary Art of Kenya: A Different Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kader, Themina

    2006-01-01

    There is plenty of literature, including exhibition catalogues, journal articles, and books written for those interested in learning and teaching about African art. Information on individual artists from the countries of Africa is also increasing. These sources attempt to highlight the artists' lives, education, working conditions and what they…

  2. Unframing Immigration: Looking through the Educational Space of Contemporary Art

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Desai, Dipti

    2010-01-01

    This article uses the lens of contemporary visual art as a counternarrative to explore the racialization of immigration in the United States and its relationship to education. Drawing on critical race theory, I argue that today several artists use their artistic practice to intervene strategically in the immigration debates. These artistic…

  3. The Turn to Experience in Contemporary Art: A Potentiality for Thinking Art Education Differently

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Donoghue, Dónal

    2015-01-01

    This article considers the turn to experience in contemporary art and examines its potentiality for thinking art education differently. This project should not be mistaken for what Hannah Arendt (1968) identified as "the extraordinary enthusiasm for what is new" (p. 176). Rather, its purpose is to pursue another possibility for art…

  4. Lifelong Learning for People Aged 64+ within the Contemporary Art Gallery Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goulding, Anna

    2012-01-01

    This paper reports the initial findings from Contemporary Visual Art and Identity Construction--Wellbeing Amongst Older People: a two-year research project that aims to understand how the lives of older people can be improved by examining their use of contemporary visual art in the art gallery and museum. It will focus on data relating to lifelong…

  5. Attitudes and Practices That Shape Children's Drawing Behaviour in Mainstream and Performing Arts Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burkitt, Esther; Lowry, Ruth

    2015-01-01

    Previous research shows that key parties involved in children's drawing perceive the value and benefits of art and drawing very differently. However such research has been restricted to the examination of children attending mainstream schooling across the UK. The present study therefore compared the views and practices of key parties involved…

  6. May 14C be used to date contemporary art?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fedi, M. E.; Caforio, L.; Mandò, P. A.; Petrucci, F.; Taccetti, F.

    2013-01-01

    The use of radiocarbon in forensics is by now widespread, thanks to the so-called bomb peak, which makes it possible to perform high-precision dating. Since 1955, 14C concentration in the atmosphere had strongly increased due to nuclear explosions, reaching its maximum value in 1963-1965. After the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, 14C started to decrease as a consequence of the exchanges between atmosphere and the other natural carbon reservoirs. Nowadays, it is still slightly above the pre-bomb value. The work presented in this paper is based on the idea of exploiting the bomb peak to “precisely” date works of contemporary art, with the aim at identifying possible fakes. We analysed two kinds of materials from the 20th century: newspapers and painting canvases. Newspaper samples were taken because they might in principle be considered to represent dated samples (considering the date on the issues). Our data (28 samples) show a trend similar to atmospheric data in the literature, although with some differences; the paper peak is flatter and shifted towards more recent years (about five years) with respect to the atmospheric data. This can be explained by taking paper manufacturing processes into account. As to the canvas samples, the measured 14C concentrations were generally reasonably consistent with the expected concentrations (based on the year on the paintings). However, this does not indicate that the interpretation of the results is simpler and more straightforward. Obviously, we only measure the 14C concentration of the fibre used for the canvas, which does not necessarily measure the date the painting was manufactured. In this paper, sample preparation and experimental results will be discussed, in order to show the potential as well as the limitations of radiocarbon to date contemporary art.

  7. Teaching Now with the Living: A Dialogue with Teachers Investigating Contemporary Art Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Page, Tara; Herne, Steve; Dash, Paul; Charman, Helen; Atkinson, Dennis; Adams, Jeff

    2006-01-01

    The Education Departments of Tate Modern and Goldsmiths College collaborated with a group of teachers to find out what they understood by the term "contemporary art" and to discover the conditions that enable contemporary art practices in the classroom. We explored questions with eleven teachers, from both primary and secondary schools, during the…

  8. Five Ways to Integrate: Using Strategies from Contemporary Art

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marshall, Julia

    2010-01-01

    This article is for art teachers of all levels who want to teach through art and about art. The purpose of this article is twofold. It provides evidence that integration is a significant, lively and authentic art practice today and, therefore, studying about art and integrating it are compatible. It also offers teachers and students in elementary,…

  9. Responses of Young Children to Contemporary Art Exhibits: The Role of Artistic Experiences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Savva, Andri; Trimis, Eli

    2005-01-01

    This study explores pre-primary children's responses to contemporary art exhibits in a museum setting, the role of previous artistic experiences, and the impact of the art museum visit on children's responses to artworks and making art during classroom practice. The sample included 32 children (16 boys and 16 girls) randomly selected from two…

  10. Inspiration into Installation: An Exploration of Contemporary Experience through Art

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horn, Sheridan

    2006-01-01

    This article discusses the ways in which a fine art department has successfully enabled pupils, staff and the local community to gain access to exciting and wide-ranging art experiences. Through the creation of temporary installations and exhibitions the art department at Trinity School regularly becomes a gallery resource centre for part of the…

  11. Speculative Fiction's Contribution to Contemporary Understanding: The Handmaid Art Tale

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keifer-Boyd, Karen; Smith-Shank, Deborah L.

    2006-01-01

    The belief that art should not be a handmaiden to social studies has continued in art education discourse since the 1920s. What role does the handmaiden play in this cultural narrative? Who is the handmaiden? We explore the handmaiden metaphor in art education and in popular texts. She is both needed and despised for her metaphorical acts of…

  12. Older People Learning through Contemporary Visual Art--Engagement and Barriers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goulding, Anna

    2013-01-01

    This article addresses how older people understand and engage with contemporary art in the gallery context--whether there is something unique to the art, the format of the visits, the pedagogical approaches used by gallery educators, the social contact, or a combination of all these factors. It also addresses the psychosocial barriers to…

  13. A Shared Place of Discovery and Creativity: Practices of Contemporary Art and Design Pedagogy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Page, Tara

    2012-01-01

    This article is based on a project that explored the practices of art and design beginning teachers (BTs) working with learners in a post-age-16 context. The aim of the project was to: explore contemporary art and design practices; explore the concept of artist teacher learner researcher; enable beginning teachers to collaborate with post-age-16…

  14. Introductory Note to "Contemporary Psychology and Art: Toward a Debate" by Lev S. Vygotsky

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frois, Joao Pedro

    2011-01-01

    In this article is presented the first translation into English of Lev Vygotsky's text entitled "Contemporary Psychology and Art: Toward a Debate." This text was published in the influential monthly journal Sovietskoe Iskusstvo (Soviet Art) in 1927-1928. Therefore, the translated text presents some of the Vygotsky's seminal thought on aesthetics…

  15. Connecting Creativity Research and Practice in Art Education: Foundations, Pedagogies, and Contemporary Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bastos, Flávia, Ed.; Zimmerman, Enid, Ed.

    2015-01-01

    In three broad sections--Foundations, Pedagogies, and Contemporary Issues--the editors and chapter authors of "Connecting Creativity Research and Practice in Art Education" articulate the significance of reconsidering creativity as a crucial dimension of art education research and practice today. This book represents a groundbreaking…

  16. Travelling Home(s): Contemporary Korean Art after the Postcolonial

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bae, Michelle; Dimitriadis, Greg

    2015-01-01

    Contemporary discussions of globalisation (in general) and postcolonialism (more specifically) have largely remained wed to critiques of the West, including around its outsized role in the proliferation of neoliberal economic logics. As Chen argues in "Asia as Method," these discussions have precluded other kinds of discussions about…

  17. The Art of Open Spaces: Contemporary Sea and Prairiescapes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schultz, Elizabeth

    2007-01-01

    The number of contemporary Kansas prairie artists whose works project an affinity for the sea continues to grow. This article focuses on six in particular: painters Robert Sudlow, Keith Jacobshagen, Lisa Grossman, and Louis Copt, and photographers Terry Evans and Larry Schwarm. Each of these Kansas-connected prairie artists has exhibited…

  18. Contemporary Art, Science, Ecology, and a Critical Pedagogy of Place

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graham, Mark A.

    2007-01-01

    In contemporary life and education, the local is marginalized in favor of large-scale economies of consumption that are indifferent to ecological concerns. The consequences of neglecting local human and natural communities include a degraded habitat, loss of wilderness, alienation, rootlessness, and lack of connection to communities. Place-based…

  19. Youth Empowerment and Contemporary Art: Where Are We Now?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Linzer, Danielle

    2014-01-01

    In the 1990s, a handful of arts institutions made an unprecedented effort to engage young people through intensive programming geared directly at adolescent audiences--teen councils and apprenticeships sprouted up across the country and sought to welcome and empower teens within the museum. The Whitney Museum of American Art is currently leading a…

  20. Ceramics Art Education and Contemporary Challenges in Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kashim, Isah Bolaji; Adelabu, Oluwafemi Samuel

    2013-01-01

    Formal ceramics art education is becoming a fundamental requirement for professional practice in ceramics in Nigeria. Considering the ample resources available for ceramic practices in the country with a teeming population of over 140 million people, there is a promising future for the art, in spite of the effects of globalization and…

  1. Traditional Tales and Contemporary Art to Promote Multiple Literacies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blackrose, Morgan Schatz; Schatz, Roman W.

    2010-01-01

    Storytelling-based arts projects offer a universal and inclusive pedagogy; challenging prejudices, celebrating diversity and promoting tolerance and resilience in participants. In addition they assist in the development of receptive and expressive language skills, provide a credible basis for understanding folklore, cultural traditions and social…

  2. Graffiti Art: A Contemporary Study of Toronto Artists.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowen, Tracey E.

    1999-01-01

    Examines six graffiti artists in Toronto (Canada) who had formal art education at either the senior secondary or postsecondary level through tape-recorded interviews. Focuses on who they are, their views of the graffiti community in Toronto, the relationship between their artwork and education, and whom they each perceive as their audience. (CMK)

  3. The Appropriation of Fine Art into Contemporary Narrative Picturebooks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Serafini, Frank

    2015-01-01

    Many picturebook artists have been formally trained in specific artistic styles, movements, and techniques. These artists appropriate and transform works of fine art to varying degrees to fit the themes and designs of the stories they illustrate and publish, and to increase the significance and impact of their illustrations. The…

  4. Indoor/outdoor ozone concentrations at a contemporary art gallery

    SciTech Connect

    Davies, T.D.; Ramer, B.; Kaspyzok, G.; Delany, A.C.

    1984-02-01

    Ozone concentrations were measured both inside and outside the Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts, near a small city in rural eastern England, during a three-week period in summer. The inside concentration was typically 70 +/- 10% of the outside concentration during the period of expected maximum outside levels. During the period of observation the maximum outside ozone levels have been well in excess of 120 ppb. The relatively high indoor/outdoor ozone ratio is a function of the Centre's design, its internal geometry, and its ventilation system. Conventional art galleries and museums experience much lower indoor ozone exposure. The measured indoor ozone levels imply deleterious effects on the gallery exhibits and an enhanced ozone exposure may have to be considered in the design of modern galleries and museums. 8 references.

  5. Teens, New Media and Contemporary Art: Expanding Authority in the Museum Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hill, Ryan; Douillette, Joe

    2014-01-01

    This article explores the impact of technology on contemporary art museums using case studies of teen media programs from the Hirshhorn Museum and the ICA Boston. Teens, as "digital natives," help to define the use of technology in museums. Responding to their needs opens up an institutional dialogue concerning issues of expertise,…

  6. Running the "Medicine Line": Images of the Border in Contemporary Native American Art

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morris, Kate

    2011-01-01

    In this article the author is concerned with the intersection of two congruent phenomena: (1) an increasing number of references to borders in contemporary Native American art; and (2) an increasing occurrence of border-rights conflicts between Native nations and the governments of the United States and Canada. Focusing on the period roughly 1990…

  7. Risky Choices: The Dilemmas of Introducing Contemporary Art Practices into Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, Jeff

    2010-01-01

    Contemporary art is a popular feature of the cultural landscape in the United Kingdom, and recent research has recommended introducing its practices into state education. Yet these practices are still rare in schools, and this paper argues that the many difficulties that arise from attempts to introduce them are indicative of their socially…

  8. ?Ffects of Using of Contemporary Art in High Education on Students Metacognitive Awareness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Delibaltova, Vasya

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the effects of the use of contemporary art in High Education on Students' Metacognitive Awareness from students' point of view after their involvement in specially designed activities. The learning context was created under the main thesis that metacognitive development can be supported by the creation of…

  9. The Social Dynamics of Art Research: Contemporary Photography in Belfast Post the Good Friday Agreement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tuck, Sarah

    2014-01-01

    This article reflects critically on "The Social Dynamics of Art Research: Contemporary Photography in Belfast", an engaged research project conducted with photographers, community activists, academics and visual artists in Belfast. Through a critical examination of the project's theoretical architecture and methodological framework…

  10. Contemporary Literacies and Technologies in English Language Arts Teacher Education: Shift Happens!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    George, Marshall; Pope, Carol; Reid, Louann

    2015-01-01

    Three leaders of the National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE) Conference on English Education (CEE) reflect on the changes that have occurred in English language arts teacher education in the past 15 years since the first edition of "Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education" ("CITE Journal") was published.…

  11. Mainstreaming Peace and Conflict Studies: Designing Introductory Courses to Fit Liberal Arts Education Requirements

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coy, Patrick G.; Hancock, Landon E.

    2010-01-01

    Peace and conflict studies courses are seldom seen by faculty curriculum committees and university administrators as deserving to be part of their institution's liberal arts education requirements. We show that this unfortunate tendency is rooted in a lack of understanding of not only the compatibility between the two but of their quite…

  12. Contemporary experimental aesthetics: State of the art technology

    PubMed Central

    Locher, Paul

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this essay is to provide the reader with a brief overview of several recent person-artifact-context relational models that explain the complex interaction of the processes that underlie an ongoing aesthetic experience with visual art forms. Recent progress towards a comprehensive understanding of these processes has been made possible in large part by experimental approaches that take advantage of recent advances in computer technology and electronic sophistication. To illustrate this point, three experimental techniques at the forefront of the field of experimental aesthetics are highlighted here. They include the investigation of viewers— body postural adjustments to depicted pictorial depth and movement in paintings; the use of hand-held computers known as personal data assistants to record audience members— on-going emotional reactions to live performances of dance; and the contribution of audio tour information to museum visitors— interaction with and aesthetic evaluation of sculptures and paintings. Finally, the eMotion: Mapping Museum Experience project, which has the potential to make a tremendous contribution to the understanding of the complex interaction of factors that contribute to a museum visitor's experience, is described. PMID:23145253

  13. Talking about a Christine Borland sculpture: effective empathy in contemporary anatomy art (and an emerging counterpart in medical training?)

    PubMed Central

    Richardson, Craig; Borland, Christine

    2015-01-01

    This Introduction and interview discusses the poetical and empathic insights that are a key to the effectiveness of contemporary artist Christine Borland's practice and its relevance to the medical humanities, visual art research and medical students’ training. It takes place in a context of intensive interest in reciprocity and conversation as well as expert exchange between the fields of Medicine and Contemporary Arts. The interview develops an understanding of medical research and the application of its historical resources and contemporary practice-based research in contemporary art gallery exhibitions. Artists tend not to follow prescriptive programmes towards new historical knowledge, however, a desire to form productive relationships between history and contemporary art practice does reveal practical advantages. Borland's research also includes investigations in anatomy, medical practices and conservation.

  14. DNA as a Work of Art: Processes of Semiosis between Contemporary Art and Biology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fulkova, Marie; Tipton, Teresa M.

    2013-01-01

    When "A Genomic Portrait--Sir John Sulston" by Mark Quinn appeared in the London National Portrait Gallery's exhibition in 2001/2, the ensuing public controversy over its portrayal raised a number of questions about the representation of a publicly known figure. Because the portrait was the Gallery's first contemporary commission using…

  15. Podcasting Possibilities for Art Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buffington, Melanie L.

    2010-01-01

    Technological developments influence the way artists create works of art. Newer technologies associated with the Web, called Web 2.0, are changing and affecting the work of contemporary artists. One form of Web 2.0 is the development of podcasts, which are compressed files that can be shared through the Internet. Podcasts are mainstream and many…

  16. Art and the theatre of mind and body: how contemporary arts practice is re-framing the anatomo-clinical theatre

    PubMed Central

    Ingham, Karen

    2010-01-01

    The correspondences and disparities between how artists and anatomists view the body have historically been a source of creative collaboration, but how is this imaginative interdisciplinarity sustained and expressed in a contemporary context? In this review I suggest that contemporary artists engaging with the body, and the corresponding biomedical and architectural spaces where the body is investigated, are engendering innovative and challenging artworks that stimulate new relationships between art and anatomy. Citing a number of examples from key artists and referencing some of my own practice-based research, I posit that creative cross-fertilization provokes a discourse between mediated public perceptions of disease, death and the disposal of morbid remains, and the contemporary reality of biomedical practice. This is a dialogue that is complex, rich and diverse, and ultimately rewarding for both art and anatomy. PMID:19929908

  17. Contemporary Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Gilbert, Ed.

    1999-01-01

    This theme issue of "InSEA News" focuses on contemporary technology and art education. The articles are: "International Travel and Contemporary Technology" (Gilbert Clark); "Recollections and Visions for Electronic Computing in Art Education" (Guy Hubbard); "Using Technologies in Art Education: A Review of Current Issues" (Li-Fen Lu); "Reflections…

  18. Mainstream Deammonification

    EPA Science Inventory

    The objective of this research was to investigate the feasibility of applying the deammonification concept, which is already highly successful and proven in sidestream configurations, in the mainstream treatment process. The deammonification process for nitrogen removal provides ...

  19. The Cat, the Cradle, and the Silver Spoon: Violence in Contemporary Art and the Question of Ethics for Art Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tavin, Kevin; Kallio-Tavin, Mira

    2014-01-01

    Against the backdrop of objective and subjective violence, two contemporary artworks are interpreted through theories of the Other. Zhu Yu's "Eating People" (2000) is considered through Lacanian psychoanalytic theory and, in particular, through an Ethics of the Real. Teemu Mäki's "My Way, a Work in Progress" (1995) is…

  20. Looking for a Possible Framework to Teach Contemporary Art in Primary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vahter, Edna

    2016-01-01

    Traditionally, the learning of arts in the Estonian primary school has meant completion of practical assignments given by the teacher. The new national curriculum for basic school adopted in 2010 sets out new requirements for art education where the emphasis, in addition to practical assignments, is on discussion and understanding of art. The…

  1. How to become Inspired: Finding Oneself through Contemporary Arts and Culture

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hume, Natania

    2015-01-01

    Context is everything. Very little in art or in history (or in life) happens in isolation, although works of art and events in history have been studied this way. This is especially true of the arts, which are so intrinsically connected to the cultures from which they emerge. This essential interconnectivity was also the premise behind the design…

  2. Senegalese Art in U.S. Schools: Transporting Contemporary African Diaspora with Decolonized Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bode, Patty

    2014-01-01

    This article investigates the ways in which global art making and cultural practices have been conveyed in U.S. schools and considers questions about how art education can engage in decolonization. This special issue's theme of Diversity, Globalization, and Education is approached through the window of visual art by examining the work of…

  3. Scrutinizing Studio Art and Its Study: Historical Relations and Contemporary Conditions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grierson, Elizabeth M.

    2010-01-01

    This article addresses shifts in the pedagogical positioning of art theory and art practice through the decades of the 1980s, 1990s, and 2000s and considers how shifts to postdisciplinarity might inform practices in the art academy today. It considers legacies of modernity to disclose methodological and ideological scaffolds upon which studio art…

  4. The Artist-Led Pedagogic Process in the Contemporary Art Gallery: Developing a Meaning Making Framework

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pringle, Emily

    2009-01-01

    Drawing on recent research which examined how selected artist educators perceive themselves as arts practitioners and analysed how these constructions inform their pedagogy, this article proposes a framework of meaning making in the art gallery. Art practice is defined as a process of conceptual and experiential enquiry which embraces inspiration,…

  5. External-PIXE analysis for the study of pigments from a painting from the Museum of Contemporary Art

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rizzutto, M. A.; Moro, M. V.; Silva, T. F.; Trindade, G. F.; Added, N.; Tabacniks, M. H.; Kajiya, E. M.; Campos, P. H. V.; Magalhães, A. G.; Barbosa, M.

    2014-08-01

    External Ion Beam Analysis is a useful tool for the characterization of cultural heritage objects. During the last decade, several significant collaborations have been established between Ion Beam Analysis (IBA) scientists and art or archeology professionals, demanding in-air IBA for a variety of different cultural heritage objects. In-air Particle Induced X-ray Emission (PIXE) analyses of an oil painting by the Italian painter, Mario Sironi, from the Museum of Contemporary Art of the University of São Paulo (MAC-USP), were examined. This painting is particularly interesting due to paintings on both sides (oil on canvas on the front and oil on wood on the back side). PIXE analysis helped the identification of the pigment similarities on both sides of the painting, suggesting the same authorship.

  6. 3D Virtual Worlds as Art Media and Exhibition Arenas: Students' Responses and Challenges in Contemporary Art Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lu, Lilly

    2013-01-01

    3D virtual worlds (3D VWs) are considered one of the emerging learning spaces of the 21st century; however, few empirical studies have investigated educational applications and student learning aspects in art education. This study focused on students' responses to and challenges with 3D VWs in both aspects. The findings show that most…

  7. Psychologizing and the Anti-Psychologist: Dewey, Lacan, and Contemporary Art Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Beth A.

    2012-01-01

    Art education throughout the 20th and into the 21st century has drawn on both psychology and psychoanalysis to support approaches to teaching and learning in the arts. This article examines the concept of "psychologizing" as it appears in the writing of psychologist/philosopher John Dewey (1859-1952) and psychiatrist/psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan…

  8. Conditions for Learning: Partnerships for Engaging Secondary Pupils with Contemporary Art

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burgess, Lesley; Addison, Nicholas

    2007-01-01

    This article examines the findings of the London Cluster research, "Critical Minds", in which the Institute of Education, University of London (IoE) worked in collaboration with Whitechapel Chapel Art Gallery (the lead London gallery), Bow Arts, Chisenhale Gallery and Space-The Triangle, and four east London comprehensive schools. By collaborating…

  9. Degree Completers at Baccalaureate Arts and Sciences Institutions and the Contemporary U. S. Macroeconomy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Rachel; Yontz, Brian

    2015-01-01

    Recent economic downturns have led some liberal arts institutions to consider changes to their program offerings. With this article we seek to enhance the understanding of the correlation between liberal arts and pre-professional programs with the economy in order to help inform higher education faculty and administration when exploring changes to…

  10. Bridging the Theory-Practice Divide in Contemporary Art Museum Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mayer, Melinda M.

    2005-01-01

    Today's art museum educators face a challenge that is unprecedented in the field. Where not too long ago little was known regarding how people learn in the museum, now multiple theories have emerged (Falk & Dierking 1992, 2000; Hein 1998; Roberts, 1997; Yenawine, 1988). New theories breed new practices. The dilemma for art museum educators is to…

  11. Art Education and the Emergence of Radical Art Movements in Egypt: The Surrealists and the Contemporary Arts Group, 1938-1951

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kane, Patrick

    2010-01-01

    This study of Egyptian aesthetics interprets the historical and political context of artistic discourse in the early twentieth century. In a period marked by intense struggle between landlords and rural laborers during the Depression and World War II, I compare the rise of the Egyptian Surrealists from the late 1930s, and the Contemporary Art…

  12. Download: Postcards Home Contemporary Art and New Technology in the Primary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herne, Steve

    2005-01-01

    Postcards Home using photography, scanning, digital image manipulation, text and colour printing was the third Download project devised by the education department of the Whitechapel Art Gallery, London, England. It was led by artist Laurie Long with teachers and pupils from Pooles Park primary school in Islington, an inner city borough in North…

  13. Fragile Ecologies: Contemporary Artists' Interpretations and Solutions. Adventures in Ecological Art for Kids and Families.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vatsky, Sharon

    This booklet shows how every individual can do something positive for the environment by making art that makes a difference. Themes from the Fragile Ecologies exhibition have been used as seeds for creative environmental projects that can be done either individually or working in groups. Artists whose work is featured include Patricia Johanson,…

  14. Contemporary Adult Education Philosophies and Practices in Art Galleries and Museums in Canada and the UK

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clover, Darlene E.; Bell, Lorraine

    2013-01-01

    Public art galleries and museums have been mandated to become more relevant and useful to the lived experiences of the broad communities they claim to serve. Adult education has long been part of the work of these institutions, although historically the relationship has been uneasy, and they seldom feature in the adult education literature. To…

  15. Re-Imagining Spaces, Collectivity, and the Political Dimension of Contemporary Art

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peters, Clorinde

    2015-01-01

    In a neoliberal moment of cultural production marked by commodification and the dominance of economic values, it is necessary to investigate the cultural, social, and aesthetic value of art. By examining Herbert Marcuse's aesthetic dimension, this article seeks to locate the political and pedagogic potential both in the aesthetics and in the…

  16. Contemporary Art: Humanities Thematic Unit (An Example Unit for Gifted Students). Program for Gifted Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garton, Harry A.

    The paper, one in a series of instructional units for gifted students, concentrates on contempory art with an emphasis on developing abstract thinking and creative problem solving at a higher cognitive level. An introductory section reviews basic program concepts and briefly describes the use of such procedures as open-ended discussion, guest…

  17. Nuclear magnetic resonance in contemporary art: the case of "Moon Surface" by Turcato

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Proietti, Noemi; Di Tullio, Valeria; Capitani, Donatella; Tomassini, Roberta; Guiso, Marcella

    2013-12-01

    Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) methodologies were applied to characterize the constitutive materials and the state of degradation of a contemporary painting. The investigation was mandatory to plan a suitable restoration. Noninvasive, portable NMR allowed the detection of degraded regions of the painting based on the measurement of longitudinal relaxation time. A few samples were investigated by high resolution solid state NMR and NMR in solution, which allowed us to identify the polyurethane constituting the artefact, to investigate the microstructure in detail, and to assess that the degradation process mostly affected the ethylene units used to cap the polypropylene oxide polymeric chain. As a matter of fact, a shortening of longitudinal relaxation time was accompanied by a degradation of ethylene units. The degradation of the inorganic loading was investigated by 27Al MAS, which evidenced the absence of penta-coordinated aluminum in degraded samples.

  18. Historical and Contemporary Usages of the "N" Word: Deconstructing the Content and Context in a Multiracial, Middle School Language Arts Class

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watson, Dwight C.

    2009-01-01

    The controversial and complicated nature of the "N" word is examined in a multicultural classroom project. Utilizing both old and new literature, pop culture, historical lenses, and contemporary interpretations, the word proves extremely relevant in today's language arts classroom. By examining students' perceptions and experiences as well as the…

  19. Analysis and aging of unsaturated polyester resins in contemporary art installations by NMR spectroscopy.

    PubMed

    Stamatakis, Georgios; Knuutinen, Ulla; Laitinen, Kai; Spyros, Apostolos

    2010-12-01

    Two original art installations constructed from unsaturated polyester resins (UPR) and four different reference UPR products (before and after UVB aging) were analyzed by high-resolution 1D and 2D nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Breaking strain studies were also conducted for the four UPR model products before and after different aging procedures (moisture, UVB exposure, melt/freeze). NMR analysis of the chemical composition of the UPR resin extracts showed they contain several low MW organic compounds and oligomers rich in polar -OH groups that play a significant role in the degradation behavior of the composite UPR materials. Statistical analysis of the NMR compositional data showed that styrene and benzaldehyde contents can be used to differentiate between fresh and aged UPR samples. The phthalate and propylene glycol unit speciation (esterified, primary or secondary -OH) of the extracts provided evidence that UPR resin C was used in the construction of the two art installations, and direct comparison of (1)H and (13)C NMR spectra verified this compositional similarity. UPR resin C was shown by both NMR and breaking strain studies to be the reference UPR most susceptible to degradation by different aging procedures, a characteristic attributed to the lower styrene content of resin C. PMID:20922516

  20. Speaking to the dead: images of the dead in contemporary art.

    PubMed

    O'Neill, Mary

    2011-05-01

    In this article I explore works by three artists in which we can see images that relate to bereavement. In the work of the first two, Araya Rasdjarmrearnsook and Andres Serrano, we can see photographic images (still and moving) of human corpses, which have been criticized as morbid and unhealthy. However I argue that it is not in fact images of death or the dead that are problematic but those images which present or evoke evidence of the emotions associated with death, and create a situation where we imagine the circumstances of our own deaths or the death of those we love. Images of the dead are acceptable as long as they do not cause pain to the living, as in a video game fantasy or a fiction, or are seen as other and distant. In the second group of works, by Gustgav Metzger, The Absent Dead: The Surrogate Body, the body is not present either because the death has taken place at a distance, either in time or geographically, or both, and a new site must be created. In this section, I discuss Metzger's auto-destructive art and argue that these works, through their ephemerality, embody a form of 'meaning making' and a possibility of the benefits of grief as described by Parkes. PMID:21593051

  1. Teaching with Art21 and Contemporary Artists: Mark Bradford and the Use of Improvisation, Layering, and Text

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graham, Mark; Hamlin, Jessica

    2014-01-01

    Continuing the traditions of the avant-garde, contemporary artists often question notions of originality through the practice of appropriation and repurposing familiar or loaded symbols and signs (Barrett, 2011). This Instructional Resource focuses on three aspects of artistic practice: improvisation as a way of emphasizing a process-driven…

  2. We Turned Your World Upside Down: Contemporary Art Practice in the High School Classroom and Spaces beyond

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watson, Jack

    2012-01-01

    This article describes a series of public space projects based on the contemporary practice of interventionist artists who seek to creatively transform spaces and disrupt the ritual of the everyday. Two of the four public space projects were planned for school spaces: (1) a mock marathon during class transitions ("Monthly Meeting Marathon"); and…

  3. Mainstreaming the New Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keeler, Elizabeth

    1982-01-01

    This discussion of methods of integrating the corporate library into the mainstream of affairs highlights three major elements of the process: marketing, production, and advertising. Professionalism and the information seeking behavior of clients are noted. Five references are provided. (EJS)

  4. Contemporary Poetry about Painting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Carl R. V.

    1992-01-01

    Asserts that teachers of contemporary literature should enjoy the advantages of poetry written in response to, or interpreting, paintings or other works of art. Illustrates the advantages of such poetry with two examples. (PRA)

  5. Adult Education for Social and Environmental Change in Contemporary Public Art Galleries and Museums in Canada, Scotland and England

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clover, Darlene E.

    2015-01-01

    Historically, pubic art galleries and museums have a well-deserved reputation for elitism, colonialism and exclusion and they are, therefore, frequently omitted from the discourse of adult education. However, the escalating social, cultural and ecological problems of this new century have placed pressure on these public institutions to change and…

  6. Art.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arviso, Kathern; And Others

    Designed as a helpful guide and "how-to-do-it" outline for those on the Navajo Reservation who work with children, this guide is arranged to offer quick reference and simple projects requiring the minimum of materials. The projects are designed to meet the Navajo child's art needs based on the belief that the art program of the elementary school…

  7. White spots on Smoke rings by Bruce Nauman: a case study on contemporary art conservation using microanalytical techniques.

    PubMed

    Mafalda, Ana Cardeira; da Câmara, Rodrigo Bettencourt; Strzelec, Patrick; Schiavon, Nick; Mirão, José; Candeias, António; Carvalho, Maria Luísa; Manso, Marta

    2015-02-01

    The artwork "Smoke Rings: Two Concentric Tunnels, Non-Communicating" by Bruce Nauman represents a case study of corrosion of a black patina-coated Al-alloy contemporary artwork. The main concern over this artwork was the widespread presence of white spots on its surface. Alloy substrate, patina, and white spots were characterized by means of energy-dispersive X-ray fluorescence and scanning electron microscopy with energy-dispersive spectroscopy. Alloy substrate was identified as an aluminum alloy 6,000 series Al-Si-Mg. Patina's identified composition confirmed the documentation provided by the atelier. Concerning the white spots, zircon particles were found on patina surface as external elements. PMID:25158782

  8. The Invisibility of SLA Theory in Mainstream Creole Linguistics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sprouse, Rex A.

    2010-01-01

    This review article argues that contemporary mainstream second language acquisition research has extremely little, if any, impact on current scholarship in creole linguistics. After a promise of an active synergy between the two subfields 30 years ago, genuine engagement slowed to a virtual stop by the mid-1980s as both fields continued to develop…

  9. Folk Art as Communal Culture and Art Proper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Delacruz, Elizabeth Manley

    1999-01-01

    Defines folk art and explores the ascent of folk art in the United States, focusing on (1) the fascination of mainstream artists with indigenous and intuitive art and (2) the growing interest of collectors in folk and outsider art. Reflects on folk art and art education. (CMK)

  10. Into the Mainstream

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scully, Maura King

    2009-01-01

    It's official: Online social networking is mainstream. Once the domain of teenagers and techno-geeks, sites like Facebook, LinkedIn, MySpace, and Twitter are rapidly gaining popularity with the multi-aged masses. Last year, in fact, Facebook reported its fastest growing demographic was those 25 years and older. There's no question that this new…

  11. Mainstreaming the Teacher.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barnsley, Roger; And Others

    1989-01-01

    Describes the practice teaching experience of a profoundly deaf woman in a mainstream junior high science classroom. Although problems had to be solved in communication, classroom management, and teaching methods, students and teachers described the outcome as educationally positive with additional benefits in students' non-academic learning. (DHP)

  12. Mainstreaming culture in psychology.

    PubMed

    Cheung, Fanny M

    2012-11-01

    Despite the "awakening" to the importance of culture in psychology in America, international psychology has remained on the sidelines of psychological science. The author recounts her personal and professional experience in tandem with the stages of development in international/cross-cultural psychology. Based on her research in cross-cultural personality assessment, the author discusses the inadequacies of sole reliance on either the etic or the emic approach and points out the advantages of a combined emic-etic approach in bridging global and local human experiences in psychological science and practice. With the blurring of the boundaries between North American-European psychologies and psychology in the rest of the world, there is a need to mainstream culture in psychology's epistemological paradigm. Borrowing from the concept of gender mainstreaming that embraces both similarities and differences in promoting equal opportunities, the author discusses the parallel needs of acknowledging universals and specifics when mainstreaming culture in psychology. She calls for building a culturally informed universal knowledge base that should be incorporated in the psychology curriculum and textbooks. PMID:23163473

  13. Mainstreaming and the Minority Child.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Reginald L., Ed.

    Provided are 16 author-contributed papers dealing with theoretical questions and practical concerns relating to the effect of mainstreaming on the minority child. The text is divided into five parts: overview and perspectives, educational assessment for mainstream placement, curriculum issues and teaching strategies, evaluation and research, and…

  14. Beyond Mainstreaming: Dealing with Diversity.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Darrow, Alice-Ann

    1990-01-01

    Maintains that an educational philosophy grounded in motivation and a positive attitude leads to successful implementation of mainstreaming instructional strategies. Outlines 12 strategies for dealing with mainstreamed students and their diverse needs that include instructional objectives, lesson plans, themes, using tutors and teachers' aides,…

  15. The Arts in Contemporary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eger, John M.

    2008-01-01

    The demand for a new workforce to meet the challenges of a global knowledge economy is rapidly increasing. As a special report in Business Week magazine observed last year: "The game is changing. It isn't just about math and science anymore. It's about creativity, imagination, and, above all, innovation." Most analysts studying the new global…

  16. Contemporary Practice in the Elementary Classroom: A Study of Change

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thulson, Anne

    2013-01-01

    Elementary school is not too early to introduce contemporary art; young students are especially adept at learning by mimicry and embracing contemporary art practices, including site-specific works. Elementary students are poised and capable to comprehend and respond to contemporary art. Tangible products can be made within a conceptual,…

  17. Dissolving the Boundaries: Postmodern Art and Art Therapy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alter-Muri, Simone; Klein, Linda

    2007-01-01

    This brief report discusses the relevance of postmodern art to contemporary art therapy practice. Postmodernism is defined by art that breaks or blurs the boundaries between product and process, individual and group creation, and artist and viewer. A discussion of contemporary artists who use a postmodern framework, including Anselm Kiefer, Jenny…

  18. Mainstreaming Gender Analysis Into Science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schiebinger, Londa

    This essay considers the question, Has feminism changed science? After three decades of active research, what new insights, questions, and priorities have feminists - men or women - brought to the sciences? The author provides examples of change from three areas: women's health research, primatology, and archaeology. The essay concludes with a discussion of mainstreaming gender analysis into science.

  19. Regular Classroom Teachers' Perceptions of Mainstreaming Effects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ringlaben, Ravic P.; Price, Jay R.

    To assess regular classroom teachers' perceptions of mainstreaming, a 22 item questionnaire was completed by 117 teachers (K through 12). Among results were that nearly half of the Ss indicated a lack of preparation for implementing mainstreaming; 47% tended to be very willing to accept aminstreamed students; 42% said mainstreaming was working…

  20. Factors in Mainstream Decision Making. [Final Report].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bullard, Jennie Knepp

    The dissertation reports on a study which examined the mainstreaming practices and decisionmaking processes used in Pittsburgh Public Schools' elementary schools and investigated whether learning disabled (LD) students assigned to mainstream academic classes differed academically and behaviorally from non-mainstreamed LD students. The study was…

  1. Authentic Instruction in Art: Why and How to Dump the School Art Style.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Tom; Milbrandt, Melody

    1998-01-01

    Reexamines Arthur Efland's (1976) landmark analysis of the school art style in light of contemporary theory and practice. In that context, suggests "authentic" instruction in art that ties art to real life and real-life practices of the contemporary art world is a feasible strategy for dumping the school art style. (DSK)

  2. "Equality of Intelligences": Exploring the Barriers to Engagement in Modern and Contemporary Art through a Peer-to-Peer Workshop at Tate Modern

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sayers, Esther

    2014-01-01

    The data presented in this article explores the effect on pedagogy when inclusion initiatives are bound up with learning objectives. It explores the generation of critical thinking skills in learning programmes at Tate Modern. Effective art education empowers young people to take a critical stance and in gallery education a decision has to be…

  3. Art's Educational Value

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richmond, Stuart

    2009-01-01

    This paper explores critically the nature of art's value in education and argues in favor of both intrinsic and instrumental value. Form and expression, while being out of favor in some contemporary circles, are re-claimed as appropriate features of art. Concepts and forms in art as elsewhere serve to structure impressions and experience and…

  4. Mainstreaming AYUSH: an ethical analysis.

    PubMed

    Gopichandran, Vijayaprasad; Satish Kumar, Ch

    2012-01-01

    The National Rural Health Mission has stated as one of its key mandates the mainstreaming of the Ayurveda, Yoga, Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy (AYUSH) systems in order to help solve the human resource shortage in Indian healthcare. This has been planned at the primary level by providing training to AYUSH practitioners on primary care and national health programmes; at the secondary level by establishing departments of AYUSH in the district and taluka level hospitals; and at the tertiary level  by establishing AYUSH centres of excellence as referral centres, and research, development and supervision points. The practical challenges to be considered include a gross divergence in the basic philosophy of practice; disparities in approach to specific clinical conditions; differences in their normative approach in decision making; an unclear policy for cross referral and problems of cross practice that could potentially rise in this condition. Mainstreaming of AYUSH into the existing public health system can have certain ethical implications: not doing good by failing to concentrate on the community value judgments about AYUSH; doing harm by a confusing plurality in approach and unhealthy segregation of practices without healthy dialogue between practitioners of either system; not disclosing which type of practitioners (AYUSH or allopathy) the patient is seeing; lack of proper public accountability mechanisms at the primary care and grassroots levels; and, finally, lack of social justice. These ethical issues have to be considered while mainstreaming AYUSH. PMID:23099604

  5. Ethnic Art Falling Out of Favor?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miranda, Maria Eugenia

    2011-01-01

    During the multiculturalist wave that started in the 1950s, traditional ethnic art flowed in from across the globe. Today, that wave has receded as contemporary art has gained momentum. The trend toward contemporary art became more palpable in the 1990s. Baby Boomers had been exposed to ethnic art through programs like the Peace Corps. However, as…

  6. Mainstreaming HIV/AIDS in development sectors: Have we learnt the lessons from gender mainstreaming?

    PubMed

    Elsey, H; Tolhurst, R; Theobald, S

    2005-11-01

    Drawing on an international literature review, two international workshops and primary qualitative research in Uganda this paper reviews experiences of mainstreaming HIV/AIDS in development sectors (such as education, health and agriculture) in developing countries. The extent to which HIV/AIDS mainstreaming strategies and associated challenges are similar to or different from those of mainstreaming gender in the health sector is also explored. The paper details the rationale for HIV/AIDS mainstreaming through illustrating the wide reaching effects of the pandemic. Despite the increasing interest in mainstreaming HIV/AIDS there is little clarity on what it actually means in theory or practice. This paper presents a working definition of HIV/AIDS mainstreaming. It is argued that all too often processes of 'mainstreaming' emerge as too narrow and reductionist to be effective. The paper then considers four key challenges for mainstreaming HIV/AIDS and explores how and to what extent they have also been faced in gender mainstreaming and what can be learnt from these experiences. These are: (1) the limited evidence base upon which to build mainstreaming strategies in different country contexts; (2) the role of donors in mainstreaming and implications for sustainability; (3) who should take responsibility for mainstreaming; and (4) how to develop capacity for mainstreaming. The conclusion argues for more joined up thinking and sustainable approaches to mainstreaming both HIV/AIDS and gender. PMID:16176895

  7. Neolithic Art and the Art History Class.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hilson, Muriel

    1991-01-01

    Addresses issues that might be raised in the study of art history from a critical theory perspective. Suggests that, in view of contemporary environmental and social concerns, Neolithic art would be of particular interest to students as would the possibility of having a society in which neither sex was dominant. (KM)

  8. A Step through the Looking Glass: Perpetuating Creativity through Speculative Fiction and Contemporary Art. (A Unit Using Speculative Art Forms as Vehicles in Understanding the Nature of Technological Change).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cronberg, Bob; Petrzalek, Linda

    This publication outlines a unit of study which uses speculative fiction and artistic expression to help students in grades 7-12 view technology and understand how it changes. Speculative fiction is defined as that type of fiction that deals with different assumptions and projections about the future. Throughout the unit the art form highlighted…

  9. Art Historians Urge a Different Perspective on Works That Exist Outside Traditional Categories.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coughlin, Ellen K.

    1987-01-01

    Art historians are saying that while art outside the mainstream challenges many usual assumptions about art history, more attention should be given to nontraditional art genres such as graffiti, folk art, children's art, prehistoric cave paintings, and the art of the insane. (MSE)

  10. Creative Arts for the Severely Handicapped.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sherrill, Claudine, Ed.

    The monograph on creative arts for severely handicapped persons presents 18 papers on program development and implementation. Among topics addressed are personnel preparation, self expression as a human right, mainstreaming severely and profoundly handicapped children in creative arts, square dancing, adapting wheelchair dance, arts for the…

  11. The Evolution of Hip-Hop Culture and Its Influence upon the Sexual Views of Mainstream Youth.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larson, Scott J.

    1998-01-01

    Suggests that contemporary hip-hop music may be dominant in worldwide youth culture. It has evolved from the violence of "gangsta rap" toward more broadly popular mainstream themes of retreat into drugs and illicit sexuality. States that adults need to engage youth in communication about the exploitative values inherent in these cultural messages.…

  12. Synthetic biology: from mainstream to counterculture.

    PubMed

    Sleator, Roy D

    2016-09-01

    Existing at the interface of science and engineering, synthetic biology represents a new and emerging field of mainstream biology. However, there also exists a counterculture of Do-It-Yourself biologists, citizen scientists, who have made significant inroads, particularly in the design and development of new tools and techniques. Herein, I review the development and convergence of synthetic biology's mainstream and countercultures. PMID:27316777

  13. Mainstreaming: The Role of Industrial Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steczak, Cheryl; Shackelford, Ray L.

    This guide is intended to help industrial education teachers and administrators to "mainstream" handicapped students into regular industrial education classes. The booklet introduces the concept of mainstreaming, relates it to industrial education, and defines various handicapping conditions, such as physical handicaps, visual and hearing…

  14. Experiences in mainstreaming alternative energy

    SciTech Connect

    Cabraal, A.

    1997-12-01

    The author discusses efforts by the Asia Alternative Energy Unit (ASTAE) of the World Bank in supporting alternative energy source projects in Asia. Energy growth rates have been as high as 18% per year, with power capacity doubling each decade in the 1960`s, 70`s and 80`s. Much of this has come from fossil fuel projects coupled with major hydroelectric projects. One consequence is developing air pollution loads originating in Asia. ASTAE has been supporting pilot programs in applying alternative energy sources. The goal has been to mainstream renewable energy sources in World Bank operations, by working with managers from different countries to: include renewable energy in country assistance strategies and sectorial development plans; provide assistance to renewable energy initiatives; expand initiatives to new countries, sectors and technologies.

  15. Symposium on Industrial Arts Education, 1968.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olson, Delmar W., And Others

    Five papers presented at six California colleges in July of 1968 are presented. "Industrial Arts and Technology" by Delmar W. Olson outlines the bases for a contemporary industrial arts program, its possible purposes, and several elements which need consideration when desiging such a program. "Contemporary Industrial Arts Programs in the United…

  16. Parallels in the Arts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Laffey, Grace

    1972-01-01

    A mini-course of nine weeks was organized as a laboratory course to survey relationships in literature, music, and art. Three periods in the arts (Romanticism, Impressionism, and Contemporary) were matched with three major activities; the basic areas of study and activity were poetry, short story, and novel. (Author)

  17. Mainstreaming children with handicaps: implications for pediatricians.

    PubMed

    Walker, D K; Palfrey, J S; Handley-Derry, M; Singer, J D

    1989-06-01

    The judicial precedents and legislative mandates passed during the past two decades to ensure full appropriate public education for all children have resulted in a movement toward mainstreaming children with a wide range of physical and developmental disabilities into regular education classroom settings. Although some child development and pediatric literature has addressed the effects of these initiatives on the children with handicaps, less attention has been paid to the effect that mainstreaming has on their nondisabled peers in the classroom. As knowledgeable community advocates, pediatricians should be informed about the specifics of the mainstreaming movement. This paper outlines the movement's historical underpinnings, discusses current definitions of "mainstreaming", and briefly reviews the literature on the effects of this policy on classrooms, teachers, and students with and without disabilities. The impact of mainstreaming children with handicaps in regular classroom settings is equivocal, with many studies lacking methodological sophistication to yield reliable and valid data. Results of the few well-designed studies do show, however, that academic and social outcomes for both the handicapped child and for his/her nondisabled peers are consistently better in mainstreamed classrooms where adequate resources have been made available to the child and teacher than in more segregated settings. Furthermore, the literature consistently points out the key role both regular and special education teachers play in successful mainstreamed classrooms. Pediatricians can help families with children with disabilities negotiate the educational system in order to achieve the appropriate classroom placement. PMID:2663927

  18. The Landscape of the Liberal Arts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roche, Mark W.

    2013-01-01

    This chapter provides a rationale for the value of a liberal arts education, addressing briefly the recent history of the liberal arts, explaining the value of the liberal arts in diverse educational settings as opposed to simply residential liberal arts colleges, and exploring a contemporary rationale for the liberal arts.

  19. Art Conquers All? Herbert Read's "Education through Art"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barchana-Lorand, Dorit

    2015-01-01

    Herbert Read's "Education through Art" (henceforth ETA) is a pioneering attempt to provide empirical evidence for the need for art in the public school system. Rooting for art education, Read applies the conclusions of the newly evolving psychological research to his thesis on education, which he holds to be a contemporary revival of…

  20. Mainstreaming in Physical Education: Teacher Strategies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Windham, Geraldine M.; And Others

    1980-01-01

    The authors highlight an inservice approach to mainstreaming elementary and secondary level handicapped students in physical education. Outlined are strategies for individual intervention, for group intervention, for auditory impairments, for visual impairments, for learning disabilities, and for orthopedic impairments. (SBH)

  1. Water: Social Issues and Contemporary Art Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cornelius, Angela; Sherow, Ernie; Carpenter, B. Stephen, II

    2010-01-01

    This Instructional Resource is based on the authors' current efforts as part of an interdisciplinary project where artists, community members, engineers, social activists, and educators are working together to make positive change in people's lives. Water, as a subject, symbol, and life-sustaining substance, is the focus of their work and the…

  2. Some Aspects of Art Nouveau in Arts and Letters.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vajda, Gyorgy M.

    1980-01-01

    Examines the background to and the stylistic characteristics of the Art Nouveau movement in its literary and artistic manifestations, emphasizing its nature as a synthesis of various contemporary, artistic, and intellectual trends. (SJL)

  3. A Summing Up. Allen Memorial Art Museum Addition, Oberlin, Ohio

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Progressive Architecture, 1977

    1977-01-01

    Venturi and Rauch's addition to the Allen Art Museum at Oberlin College is in two separate parts: a loft that houses new facilities for the art department and a gallery for contemporary art. (Author/MLF)

  4. From soil in art towards Soil Art

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Feller, C.; Landa, E. R.; Toland, A.; Wessolek, G.

    2015-02-01

    The range of art forms and genres dealing with soil is wide and diverse, spanning many centuries and artistic traditions, from prehistoric painting and ceramics to early Renaissance works in Western literature, poetry, paintings, and sculpture, to recent developments in cinema, architecture and contemporary art. Case studies focused on painting, installation, and cinema are presented with the view of encouraging further exploration of art about, in, with, or featuring soil or soil conservation issues, created by artists, and occasionally scientists, educators or collaborative efforts thereof.

  5. The Multiple Faces of Visual Arts Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lindstrom, Lars

    2011-01-01

    This article identifies recent, mainly Nordic, research approaches to visual arts education. A concept map was developed as a heuristic tool in order to highlight salient traits and blind spots. Contemporary research typically has its origin either in "education" or in "the art world", with an emphasis either on art "as language" or on "art as…

  6. Pop-Art Panels

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alford, Joanna

    2012-01-01

    James Rosenquist's giant Pop-art panels included realistic renderings of well-known contemporary foods and objects, juxtaposed with famous people in the news--largely from the 1960s, '70s and '80s--and really serve as visual time capsules. In this article, eighth-graders focus on the style of James Rosenquist to create their own Pop-art panel that…

  7. In The Mainstream: Selected Music Activities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCoy, Martha

    1982-01-01

    Discusses classroom management techniques and music activities for handicapped children in mainstreamed and special education classes. Classroom techniques are designed around students' poor reading and concentration abilities, multisensory experiences, and consistent discipline using positive reinforcement. Music activities are used to reinforce…

  8. Special Recreation--Bridge to Mainstreaming.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nesbitt, John A.

    The document points out the merits of scouting as a recreational program for the handicapped, and considers the YMCA's (Young Men's Christian Association's) Project MAY (Mainstreaming Activities for Youth) and the Boy Scouts of America's (BSA) Scouting for the Handicapped program. Dimensions of scouting seen as beneficial for the handicapped…

  9. Mainstream Teacher Attitudes toward English Language Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dekutoski, Cristina Gonzalez

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to collect and analyze data from practicing mainstream K-12 teachers currently enrolled in graduate courses at a large, urban, Midwest university regarding four categories of their attitudes toward English language learners: (a) inclusion of ELLs, (b) the second language acquisition process/language and language…

  10. Mainstreaming Exceptional Children: The Counselor's Role

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cochrane, Pamela V.; Marini, Betty

    1977-01-01

    Counselors may find their skills and personal qualities challenged as they attempt to manage the problems inherent in mainstreaming. To face this challenge successfully, most counselors will not need to acquire new skills but instead will be called on to apply the skills they have in new and creative ways. (Author)

  11. Mainstreaming: The Promise and the Pitfalls.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Longo, Paul

    1982-01-01

    Hails the potential that mainstreaming of the handicapped holds for developing individual potential and enhancing equal educational opportunity, but cautions that extensive retraining of staff and diversification of teaching strategies will be necessary if adequate implementation of Public Law 94-142 is to be achieved. (GC)

  12. Instruction of Diverse Students in Mainstream Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chang, Sau Hou

    2013-01-01

    This chapter focuses on the instruction of diverse students in mainstream classrooms. The first part summarizes academic achievement of diverse students from different ethnicity, gender, language and social class. The second part discusses the characteristics of different diverse instruction. The third part suggests specific instructional…

  13. Preparing for Mainstreaming in Teacher Education Institutions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gerlach, Kent P.

    Described are efforts of Augustana College to integrate special and regular teacher education programs in Project P.R.E.P. (Preparing Regular Education Personnel for Mainstream Programs). Noted are double majors in Elementary Education and Special Education, the physical proximity of both departments, cooperation with other human service…

  14. Mainstreaming Special Needs Students in Vocational Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dietrich, Dennis J.

    To determine the ability of educable mentally retarded (EMR) students to adjust to the demands of regular vocational education programs, a study was conducted to assess the work adjustment of eighty-five EMR students who were mainstreamed in a three-year vocational-technical program. Students were evaluated by their instructors on a Revised Work…

  15. Mainstreaming: A Working Bibliography. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Reece L.

    Presented is a bibliography on mainstreaming of handicapped children with over 500 citations. Entries are listed in alphabetical order by author and usually include such information as title, source, publication date, and page numbers. Also provided is an index which lists authors included in the bibliography under the following topics:…

  16. Mainstreaming: Helping Teachers Meet the Challenge.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Advisory Council on Education Professions Development, Washington, DC.

    Mainstreaming is defined as the conscientious effort to place handicapped children into the least restrictive educational setting that is appropriate for their needs. The primary objective of this process is to provide these children with the most appropriate and effective educational experiences that will enable them to become self-reliant…

  17. The Mainstream English Language Training Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Riney, Tim

    The Refugee Education and Employment Program (REEP) of Arlington, Virginia, was designated in 1983 as one of seven sites for participation in a national Mainstream English Language Training (MELT) project of the Office of Refugee Resettlement. The primary project goal was to link overseas refugee camp training to refugee programs in the United…

  18. Strategies and Techniques for Mainstreaming. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scheetz, Janet A.; Hudak, Barbara J.

    The handbook is intended for the special education teacher and covers all aspects of mainstreaming according to the Monroe model, developed in Monroe County, Michigan. The model focuses on the special education teacher/consultant, who provides direct diagnostic and instructional services to special students, and indirect services to building…

  19. Preparing Mainstream Teachers for Multilingual Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Jong, Ester

    2013-01-01

    Increasingly, mainstream teachers rather than specialist language teachers (English as a Second Language, bilingual teachers) are expected to work with English language learners (ELLs) in their classrooms. This reality has drawn attention to the quality and content of the teacher preparation for this group of ELL teachers. Situated within this…

  20. Islamic Sunni Mainstream Opinions on Compensation to Unrelated Live Organ Donors

    PubMed Central

    Natour, Ahmad; Fishman, Shammai

    2011-01-01

    This article focuses on contemporary Islamic attitudes towards the question of compensation to a non-relative live organ donor. This article presents the history of the debate on organ transplantation in Islam since the 1950s and the key ethical questions. It continues by presenting the opinions of the mainstream ulema such as Tantawi and Qaradawi. The article ends with a conclusion that there must be no compensation made to a non-related live organ donor, not even a symbolic gift of honor (ikramiyya). PMID:23908804

  1. Islamic sunni mainstream opinions on compensation to unrelated live organ donors.

    PubMed

    Natour, Ahmad; Fishman, Shammai

    2011-04-01

    This article focuses on contemporary Islamic attitudes towards the question of compensation to a non-relative live organ donor. This article presents the history of the debate on organ transplantation in Islam since the 1950s and the key ethical questions. It continues by presenting the opinions of the mainstream ulema such as Tantawi and Qaradawi. The article ends with a conclusion that there must be no compensation made to a non-related live organ donor, not even a symbolic gift of honor (ikramiyya). PMID:23908804

  2. Combining Art and Science in "Arts and Sciences" Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Needle, Andrew; Corbo, Christopher; Wong, Denise; Greenfeder, Gary; Raths, Linda; Fulop, Zoltan

    2007-01-01

    Two of this article's authors--an art professor and a biology professor--shared a project for advanced biology, art, nursing, and computer science majors involving scientific research that used digital imaging of the brain of the zebrafish, a newly favored laboratory animal. These contemporary and innovative teaching and learning practices were a…

  3. Preparing Regular Classroom Students for Mainstreaming: A Literature Review.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mott, Stacey; And Others

    The paper is a product of the 3-year project, "Functional Mainstreaming for Success," designed to develop a model for instructional mainstreaming of handicapped children (3-6 years old) in community settings. The literature review examines activities and methods to prepare nonhandicapped children for the mainstreaming of handicapped children.…

  4. Mainstreaming Gender into Schools in the Taiwan Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li-Ching, Wang

    2014-01-01

    Gender mainstreaming and gender equity education are specific practices for creating a gender-equitable society. Gender mainstreaming tools can be used to help educational institutions engage in more thorough consideration when implementing gender equity education. This article addresses gender mainstreaming, gender equity education, and the…

  5. Immigrating to a Mainstream College Composition Class: I Wish…

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yu, Eunjyu

    2015-01-01

    Despite the increasing number of first generation immigrants in mainstream colleges, they are often underserved. This paper uses the voice of a mainstreamed first generation immigrant to help mainstream higher education institutions create more inclusive learning environments for every student, including struggling ESL students.

  6. Art School Consequential: Teaching and Learning in the First Year of Art School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKenna, Stacey Redford

    2011-01-01

    In order to understand better the dimensions of education in the foundation year of contemporary art school, this study explores teaching and learning through the lenses of art school freshmen and foundation studio art professors. Since scholarly study of art school education is limited, the author begins with a survey of related fields of…

  7. Barriers to the Entry of Biofield Healing Into "Mainstream" Healthcare.

    PubMed

    Hufford, David J; Sprengel, Meredith; Ives, John A; Jonas, Wayne

    2015-11-01

    In this article, we describe barriers to the entry of biofield healing into mainstream contemporary science and clinical practice. We focus on obstacles that arise from the social nature of the scientific enterprise, an aspect of science highlighted by the influential work of Thomas Kuhn (1922-1996), one of the most important- and controversial-philosophers of science in the 20th century. Kuhn analyzed science and its revolutionary changes in terms of the dynamics within scientific communities. Kuhn's approach helps us understand unconventional medical theories and practices such as biofield healing. For many years, these were called "complementary and alternative medicine" (CAM). However, because most people use nonmainstream approaches in conjunction with conventional treatments, the National Institutes of Health and many practitioners now prefer "Complementary and Integrative Medicine" (CIM) where integrative implies "bringing conventional and complementary approaches together in a coordinated way."(1) Biofield healing fits the integrative model well, provides a novel approach to therapeutic intervention, and is developing in a manner that can integrate with current medical science in simple ways. Yet, it still remains outside the conventional framework because of its conceptual bases, which contrast sharply with conventional assumptions regarding the nature of reality. PMID:26665046

  8. Toward a Democratic (Art) Education: A Response to Michelle Kamhi

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stewart, Edward O.

    2012-01-01

    For the last decade Michelle Kamhi has been prominent in her critique of contemporary art education. In her philosophy she positions herself as an essentialist who believes there are essential masterworks that define fine art, and the curriculum in art should teach fine art only. Her definition of fine art focuses on representation in painting and…

  9. Justifying the Arts: Drama and Intercultural Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fleming, Mike

    2006-01-01

    For teachers of arts subjects, questions about justification can be tiresome in the same way that contemporary aestheticians may feel fatigue about defining art. Providing justification can feel more like an exercise in rhetoric than theoretical enquiry, induced more by political necessity than intellectual challenge. If the value of the arts is…

  10. Cave Kids: Pecos River Style Art.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Sylvia T.

    2003-01-01

    Describes an art activity used with sixth-grade students that was inspired by the work of Wassily Kandinsky and also teaches students about rock art by American Indians living in Texas. Explains that the students learn to use both contemporary and primitive art when creating their "Petroglyph People." (CMK)

  11. Seeing a Bigger Picture: The Visual Arts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sandell, Renee

    2011-01-01

    To foster learner focus and deepen engagement while embracing contemporary standards for teaching art and other subjects, teachers must help students more fully understand art images, objects, and events, present and past, so that they can understand the relevance and significance of art in their lives. Using a balanced approach that attends…

  12. The Contemporary Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klenow, Trish

    2011-01-01

    The best way to combat apathy in art class is through authentic art education. Authentic art education involves making meaningful connections with students. Students are motivated by their environment, their peers, and their media. Sometimes this means eschewing the canon of old masters in art education and embracing more current trends. The…

  13. [Mental health mainstreaming: promotion and recovery].

    PubMed

    Chang, Chueh; Hsieh, Chia-Jung

    2014-02-01

    Mental health is a human right and fundamental to good personal health. Developing, planning, and implementing mental health programs is a key part of health policies worldwide. This paper uses the perspective of "mental health mainstreaming" to define mental health and explore its relationship with mental illness and psychiatric disease. Further, we apply this perspective to Taiwan's three-tiered community mental illness prevention strategy as a reference for mental health promotion and rehabilitation programs in hopes that all healthcare providers help facilitate holistic community health. PMID:24519340

  14. sensor for mainstream capnography based on TDLAS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hartmann, A.; Strzoda, R.; Schrobenhauser, R.; Weigel, R.

    2014-09-01

    The setup and signal processing for a mainstream capnography sensor is presented in this paper. The probe exhibits an optical path length of 2.5 cm and is equipped with a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser at 2 μm. The sensor does not need any calibration, since the CO2 absorption line as well as the laser background is measured using direct tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy. Unavoidable optical fringes are reduced with a self-developed fringe rejection method. The sensor achieves a concentration resolution <300 ppmv at 4 vol% and a measurement rate >30 Hz.

  15. Off Limits: Cultural Participation and Art Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edge, Nina

    2014-01-01

    Written from the direct experience of a practitioner, this is an autobiographic paper by a contemporary artist that recounts and explores creative and political activism through contemporary art. This article examines the tensions around status: the status of objects, materials and production methods, and the status of people and their drive to…

  16. Contemporary American Physics Fiction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Friedman, Alan J.

    1979-01-01

    Discusses the works by six contemporary American novelists that illustrate the current state of "physics fiction." The discussed examples of physics fiction ranged from the fluent and frequent inclusion of the casual, to the elaborate systems of physics metaphors. (GA)

  17. Making Connections: Getting Teens To Talk about Art.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Witmer, Susan; Borst, Julia

    1999-01-01

    Describes the Peers on Contemporary Art (POCA) program at the Institute of Contemporary Art (ICA) in Philadelphia (Pennsylvania), for which 9th-12th grade students act as tour guides. Focuses on issues such as the students' role in curriculum planning, the application and training process, description of the tours, and reasons for POCA's success.…

  18. Giants in Art, Visual Arts Education, Social Studies: 6677.08.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fensin, Edna H.

    Art concepts are surveyed from the beginning of recorded time of the stone age to present day contemporary society in this curriculum guide for grades seven through nine. Since art reflects culture, the student interprets the past, analyzes the present, and projects the future by using art as a medium. Objectives are for the student to identify…

  19. Traditional Arts Knowledge, Traditional Ecological Lore: The Intersection of Art Education and Environmental Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bequette, James W.

    2007-01-01

    Teaching about Native artworks as part of school arts curriculum can serve to pass on traditional ecological knowledge while also contextualizing colonialism's influence on traditional and contemporary Native arts practices. This article explores how schools can actively engage in community arts partnerships with American Indians who have…

  20. Art Education Avatars in Action: Preparing Art Teachers for Learning and Teaching in a Virtual Age (for Special issue Digital Games and Simulations in Teacher Preparation)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lu, Lilly

    2011-01-01

    Three-dimensional (3D) virtual worlds (VW) have great potential for contemporary art education. This article introduces the key characteristics of 3D VWs and reviews the research literature and application of VWs in education and art education. After explaining how 3D VWs provide unique possibilities as a contemporary art medium, learning tool,…

  1. Mainstreaming: Some Additional Perceptions from Classroom to Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Budnick, Albert, Ed.

    1981-01-01

    Nine articles provide perceptions of teachers, administrators, parents, teacher educators, and others on the mainstreaming of handicapped children. In "One Parent's View of Mainstreaming," a parent recounts her son's successful experience. "Justice is Affordable--Securing the Entitlements of PL 94-142" by M. Thompson and R. Peck, reviews…

  2. Eyewitness Reporting by Navajo and Mainstream-Culture Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lindstedt, D. Elise

    2000-01-01

    This study compared cultural differences in the eyewitness reporting of Navajo and mainstream-culture third graders who were questioned 10 days after an event. Mainstream-culture children reported more information overall but the groups did not differ in accuracy. Active participation affected the amount of information reported by…

  3. Learncycle: Bridging the Special Education Mainstream Gap. Teacher's Manual. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weisert, Hilde; Pentre, Barbara

    Learncycle is a project of the National Diffusion Network which has trained hundreds of teachers and other school staff nationwide in a wide array of skills to improve the mainstreaming process and the education of the high-risk student. The project uses the "Learncycle Behavior Analysis Mainstreaming Model," which works to achieve a fit between…

  4. Gender Mainstreaming of Adult Mathematics Education: Opportunities and Challenges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henningsen, Inge

    2008-01-01

    Mainstreaming as a strategy for equality has been widely adopted by the international community. Mainstreaming of adult mathematics education entails that gender, ethnicity, social class and other difference defining categories are included consciously and explicitly in all activities. A growing body of research explore how pluralism and…

  5. Mainstreaming Preschoolers: Children with Visual Handicaps. Edited Text.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Contract Research Corp., Belmont, MA.

    Written for parents, teachers and preschool personnel involved with visually handicapped children, the book provides an overview of mainstreaming procedures and implications. The first chapter provides a definition of mainstreaming and considers benefits' professional involvement, and resources available for parents and teachers. Diagnostic…

  6. Systematic Development of Special Educators as Facilitators of Mainstreaming.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peryon, Charleen Dolphin

    1982-01-01

    A discussion is presented on the knowledge and skills helpful to special educators in their role as consulting teachers in mainstreaming. A parallel is drawn between adult development phases and career development. Sources of resistance to mainstreaming are cited. Three modes of consulting (provision, prescriptive, and mediation) are described.…

  7. Teacher Training Resources: Preparing Teachers for Mainstreaming. A Selected Bibliography.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Croll, Valerie J.; Shank, Kathleen S.

    This bibliography contains references to writings and publications which may be of interest to those responsible for training and preparing teachers for working in mainstreamed classrooms. Citations are presented on: (1) classroom management; (2) faculty development; (3) individualized instruction; (4) mainstreaming; (5) behavior disorders; (6)…

  8. Trekking Back to Mainstream for Inclusive Education, Is It There?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kalenga, Rosemary Chimbala; Fourie, Elsa

    2012-01-01

    This paper explores the ecosystemic management strategies for inclusive schools due to challenges faced by the schools in the mainstream school where learners from the specialised institutions are referred back to mainstream for inclusive education. Ecosystemic perspective on inclusive education, ecological theories and systems theories underpin…

  9. Cultural Genocide through Mainstream Media: A Brief Critical Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olague, Rubén; Ekiaka Nzai, Valentin

    2014-01-01

    While the U.S. mainstream media continues to exercise its right of way in the American landscape, the predominant culture faces a population and popularity decrease. Diversity is slowly finding a perennial nest for growth, although minorities are still being shelled by mainstream media that consciously and unconsciously make the attack a priority…

  10. The Cross Validation of the Attitudes toward Mainstreaming Scale (ATMS).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berryman, Joan D.; Neal, W. R. Jr.

    1980-01-01

    Reliability and factorial validity of the Attitudes Toward Mainstreaming Scale was supported in a cross-validation study with teachers. Three factors emerged: learning capability, general mainstreaming, and traditional limiting disabilities. Factor intercorrelations varied from .42 to .55; correlations between total scores and individual factors…

  11. The Preparation of Regular Physical Educators for Mainstreaming. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winnick, Joseph P., Ed.; Hurwitz, Jan, Ed.

    The monograph reports on a 3-year project to develop competencies in physical education teachers for dealing with mainstream exceptional students. Results of a survey of physical educators on the types of competencies needed to teach in mainstreamed settings are presented. Adjustments made to the undergraduate physical education program at State…

  12. Special or Mainstream? The Views of Disabled Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shah, Sonali

    2007-01-01

    This article explores the recent policy concerning the education of disabled children and young people, and the debate of special education versus mainstream inclusion propelled by Warnock. It argues that the formal and informal practices, designed by non-disabled adults, to facilitate the inclusion of disabled students in mainstream schools may…

  13. Instructional practices in mainstreamed secondary classrooms.

    PubMed

    Ellett, L

    1993-01-01

    This study examined the skills of secondary students that teachers considered necessary for success in mainstreamed regular education classrooms and intervention strategies teachers would be willing to use. Teachers (N = 89) from three high schools rated the importance of 14 student skills and the reasonability of 35 intervention strategies. Student skills deemed important included following directions, coming to class prepared with materials, using class time wisely, and making up assignments and tests. Factor analysis of intervention strategy results revealed seven factors: using supplemental resources; simplifying instruction; providing support and extra instructional cues; enhancing classroom behavior management; facilitating grade improvement; modifying learning environment; and teaching study skills and providing a positive, cooperative learning environment. Secondary teachers appear to prefer intervention strategies that they can implement in their own classroom, that can apply to all students, and that require little extra time. PMID:8418191

  14. Americans and the Arts 1984: Highlights from a Nationwide Survey of Public Opinion.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris (Louis) and Associates, Inc., New York, NY.

    Highlights of a nationwide public opinion survey concerning the interest and involvement of Americans in the arts are summarized. Telephone interviews were conducted with 1,504 adults. Results showed that the arts are indisputably a part of the mainstream of American life. Because Americans have limited leisure time, the arts must increasingly…

  15. A Synthesis of Information Obtained from a Literature Review and Field Research Activities Regarding the Mainstreaming of Handicapped Learners in Vocational Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rumble, Richard R.

    The report, second in a series of five on mainstreamed handicapped students in vocational education, synthesizes findings from a literature review and an organizational capacity study of the Portland, Oregon, school district. Considered are such topics as the status of the art, organizational issues (including inservice programs and planned work…

  16. "Lights on at the end of the party": are lads' mags mainstreaming dangerous sexism?

    PubMed

    Horvath, Miranda A H; Hegarty, Peter; Tyler, Suzannah; Mansfield, Sophie

    2012-11-01

    Research has suggested that some magazines targeted at young men - lads' mags - are normalizing extreme sexist views by presenting those views in a mainstream context. Consistent with this view, young men in Study 1 (n = 90) identified more with derogatory quotes about women drawn from recent lads' mags, and from interviews with convicted rapists, when those quotes were attributed to lads' mags, than when they were attributed to convicted rapists. In Study 2, 40 young women and men could not reliably judge the source of those same quotes. While these participants sometimes voiced the belief that the content of lads' mags was 'normal' while rapists' talk was 'extreme', they categorized quotes from both sources as derogatory with equal frequency. Jointly, the two studies show an overlap in the content of convicted rapists' talk and the contents of contemporary lads' mags, and suggest that the framing of such content within lads' mags may normalize it for young men. PMID:23034107

  17. Experience Art.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turner, Brenda

    This Arkansas art education curriculum guide for grades 1 to 6 covers basic concepts, vocabulary, activities, and evaluation for each grade. The basic concepts to be taught throughout these grades include line, shape, color, space, drawing, painting, printing, art history, and art careers. Specific art techniques and types of arts are introduced…

  18. Academic behavior and grades of mainstreamed students with mild disabilities.

    PubMed

    Truesdell, L A; Abramson, T

    1992-01-01

    This study examined the relationship between the classroom behaviors and final grades of mainstreamed students with mild disabilities in three urban schools in Grades 3-9. Significant correlations were found for all academic behaviors except attendance and homework at the elementary level and written work at the junior high level. In addition, significant differences in reading scores were found between mainstreamed and regular elementary school students. Findings indicate that mainstreamed students with mild disabilities may participate in academic lessons as well or nearly as well as their peers without disabilities. PMID:1582434

  19. Living Sculptures: Performance Art in the Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pembleton, Matthew; LaJevic, Lisa

    2014-01-01

    What does an introduction to and engagement in performance art offer K-12 students? In this article, we respond to this question by proposing a lesson inspired by the artmaking practices of the contemporary artist Erwin Wurm. Performance art can be defined as any form of work that combines the artist's body and a live-action event with or…

  20. 21st century art of human anatomy.

    PubMed

    Crook, Eleanor; Allen, Rachael; Cooper, Margot; Sulzmann, Catherine; Temple-Cox, Lisa; Hines, Tonya; Lyons, Lucy

    2014-01-01

    The Session looks at the contemporary role of the medical artist with strategies for the education of medical artists and medical students. The wider topic of medical art in forensics, research and literature is explored as a close look taken at European art and science courses and collaborations. PMID:25181780

  1. Contemporary Cambodian: Introduction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kheang, Lim Hak; And Others

    This volume comprises the basic module of "Contemporary Cambodian." There are 60 lessons, each of which contains a dialogue, drills, and a list of the words introduced in that lesson. In the first 30 lessons, the dialogue and drills are written in a romanized transcription, and the dialogue is written a second time in Cambodian script in order…

  2. Preferring the Contemporary Look.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Springer, Marc

    1980-01-01

    Describes a study that indicated that readers of college newspapers prefer a front page style that is contemporary and emphasizes a horizontal layout to either an avant-garde style that features an entirely horizontal layout or a traditional layout having a vertical page. (TJ)

  3. Critiques of Contemporary Rhetoric.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Campbell, Karlyn Kohrs

    The purpose of this book is to define characteristics of rhetorical discourse, explain man's capacity to influence and be influenced, and describe the purposes and processes of rhetorical criticism. Representative speech texts, with critiques, are included on the following contemporary topics: withdrawal from Vietnam (Richard M. Nixon);…

  4. Contemporary Cambodian: Grammatical Sketch.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ehrman, Madeline E.; Sos, Kem

    This is the first of seven interrelated volumes comprising "Contemporary Cambodian". Other texts in the series include introductory lessons, four topic-oriented textbooks, and a comprehensive Cambodian-English English-Cambodian glossary. This volume is a description of aspects of Cambodian grammar and usage. Chapters concentrate on phonology,…

  5. Contemporary American Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Bill; And Others

    This nine-week unit from a junior high American government curriculum covers the following topics: (1) What are the current issues in our physical and social environment?; (2) How do we investigate and evaluate issues?; and (3) What contemporary issues in my physical or social environment do I want to investigate? Students are required to do…

  6. Symposium on Contemporary Challenges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berry, David A.; Graff, Gerald; Nelson, Cary

    2010-01-01

    In this article, the authors discuss contemporary challenges. David Berry offers advice on teaching the humanities at a community college; Gerald Graff examines how the traditional organization of universities undermines student learning; and Cary Nelson considers the effects on the humanities of the increasing reliance on contingent faculty.

  7. Contemporary Native American Address.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maestas, John R., Ed.

    A compilation of 58 representative speeches from the American Indian Community, this book is divided into 2 parts; Part I deals with issues of contemporary concern and Part II illustrates speech types and styles. All speeches are classified by issue as follows: sovereignty (2 speeches, 1 on the rise and fall of Indian sovereignty); trust…

  8. Taking PDT into mainstream clinical practice

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bown, Stephen G.

    2009-06-01

    Many individuals in the field are frustrated by the slow progress getting PDT established in mainstream clinical practice. The five key reasons are: 1. Lack of adequate evidence of safety and efficacy and optimization of dosimetry. These are fundamental. The number of randomized controlled studies is still small. For some cancer applications, it is difficult to get patients to agree to be randomised, so different approaches must be taken. Anecdotal results are not acceptable to sceptics and regulators. 2. The regulatory processes. The rules get more complex every day, but there is no choice, they must be met. The full bureaucratic strength of the pharmaceutical industry is needed to address these issues. 3. Conservatism of the medical profession. Established physicians are reluctant to change practice, especially if it means referring patients to different specialists. 4. Lack of education. It is amazing how few physicians have even heard of PDT and many that have, are sceptical. The profile of PDT to both the medical profession and the general public needs to be raised dramatically. Patient demand works wonders! 5. Money. Major investment is required to run clinical trials. Pharmaceutical companies may see PDT as a threat (eg reduced market for chemotherapy agents). Licensed photosensitisers are expensive. Why not reduce the price initially, to get the technique established and stimulate demand? PDT has the potential for enormous cost savings for health service providers. With appropriate motivation and resources these problems can be addressed. Possible routes forward will be suggested.

  9. Climate tools in mainstream Linux distributions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McKinstry, Alastair

    2015-04-01

    Debian/meterology is a project to integrate climate tools and analysis software into the mainstream Debian/Ubuntu Linux distributions. This work describes lessons learnt, and recommends practices for scientific software to be adopted and maintained in OS distributions. In addition to standard analysis tools (cdo,, grads, ferret, metview, ncl, etc.), software used by the Earth System Grid Federation was chosen for integraion, to enable ESGF portals to be built on this base; however exposing scientific codes via web APIs enables security weaknesses, normally ignorable, to be exposed. How tools are hardened, and what changes are required to handle security upgrades, are described. Secondly, to enable libraries and components (e.g. Python modules) to be integrated requires planning by writers: it is not sufficient to assume users can upgrade their code when you make incompatible changes. Here, practices are recommended to enable upgrades and co-installability of C, C++, Fortran and Python codes. Finally, software packages such as NetCDF and HDF5 can be built in multiple configurations. Tools may then expect incompatible versions of these libraries (e.g. serial and parallel) to be simultaneously available; how this was solved in Debian using "pkg-config" and shared library interfaces is described, and best practices for software writers to enable this are summarised.

  10. Charting CEBL's role in mainstream semiconductor lithography

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lam, David K.

    2013-09-01

    historically kept it out of mainstream fabs. Thanks to continuing EBDW advances combined with the industry's move to unidirectional (1D) gridded layout style, EBDW promises to cost-efficiently complement 193nm ArF immersion (193i) optical lithography in high volume manufacturing (HVM). Patterning conventional 2D design layouts with 193i is a major roadblock in device scaling: the resolution limitations of optical lithography equipment have led to higher mask cost and increased lithography complexity. To overcome the challenge, IC designers have used 1D layouts with "lines and cuts" in critical layers.1 Leading logic and memory chipmakers have been producing advanced designs with lines-and-cuts in HVM for several technology nodes in recent years. However, cut masks in multiple optical patterning are getting extremely costly. Borodovsky proposes Complementary Lithography in which another lithography technology is used to pattern line-cuts in critical layers to complement optical lithography.2 Complementary E-Beam Lithography (CEBL) is a candidate to pattern the Cuts of optically printed Lines. The concept of CEBL is gaining acceptance. However, challenges in throughput, scaling, and data preparation rate are threatening to deny CEBL's role in solving industry's lithography problem. This paper will examine the following issues: The challenges of massively parallel pixel writing The solutions of multiple mini-column design/architecture in: Boosting CEBL throughput Resolving issues of CD control, CDU, LER, data rate, higher resolution, and 450mm wafers The role of CEBL in next-generation solution of semiconductor lithography

  11. Mainstreaming: Is It in the Best Interest of All Children?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simon, Libby

    1992-01-01

    This paper argues that the behaviorally disruptive child with aggressive tendencies might function better in a nonmainstreamed situation than in a mainstreamed classroom. Alternative options are presented. (Author/JDD)

  12. Mainstream Deammonification (WERF Report INFR6R11)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The objective of this research was to investigate the feasibility of applying the deammonification concept, which is already highly successful and proven in sidestream configurations, in the mainstream treatment process. The deammonification process for nitrogen removal provides ...

  13. Boy Scouts of America: Mainstreaming and Handicapped Awareness.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Exceptional Parent, 1982

    1982-01-01

    The article reviews mainstreaming efforts of the Boy Scouts who currently have about 190,000 disabled scouts participating, about two-thirds in regular scouting units and the remaining in special scouting units for the disabled. (DB)

  14. Teacher's Guide to Accompany Living Latin: A Contemporary Approach.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Masciantonio, Rudolph

    This guide, designed to assist teachers in the classroom use of "Living Latin: A Contemporary Approach", emphasizes procedures to be followed in each chapter of Book One; special procedures for teaching the introduction and first chapter are treated separately. Use of the text as a supplement to Sweet's "Artes Latinae" is discussed. Appendixes…

  15. Harm reduction healthcare: from an alternative to the mainstream platform?

    PubMed

    Islam, M Mofizul; Day, Carolyn A; Conigrave, Katherine M

    2010-03-01

    Despite a plethora of health-related problems, access to primary healthcare is often limited for drug users (DUs). Many seek care at emergency departments and tertiary hospitals because of late presentation of illness. The costs to both DUs and the health system are such that harm reduction based healthcare centres (HRHCs) have been established in various settings and utilising a variety of models. These provide a range of medical and sometimes social services, in one, integrated, low-threshold facility, including (or closely linked with) programs such as needle syringe provision. In some countries these HRHCs are becoming an alternative healthcare system for DUs. However, the need to provide such services on a broad, public health scale, in a sustainable, cost-effective manner, raises the question as to whether such programmes should be mainstreamed. This commentary provides insights on advantages and disadvantages to mainstreaming HRHCs, and approaches and barriers to achieving this. Two approaches suggest themselves: (i) providing harm reduction services through the regular healthcare system, or (ii) more closely integrating HRHCs with mainstream services. Funding and stigma are major barriers to mainstreaming. Diverse national policies towards DUs, healthcare systems and contexts, necessitate different approaches. Because of the various barriers to mainstreaming, any steps towards mainstreaming should be taken whilst maintaining the option of continuing the current targeted harm reduction services. PMID:20092999

  16. Gourdeous Art

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coy, Mary

    2007-01-01

    In this article, the author describes a gourd art project for her art club. Prior to students actually working on the gourds, the author and her art volunteer did a joint demonstration on the process students would go through to create their project. The volunteer brought in and explained her gourd art and shared information about the drying and…

  17. Americans and the Arts: A 1984 Survey of Public Opinion Conducted for Philip Morris, Inc. Study No. 831011.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris (Louis) and Associates, Inc., New York, NY.

    A national telephone survey of 1,504 adult Americans was conducted to determine the role that the arts play in their lives. Overall, results show that the arts are an indispensable part of the mainstream of American life. A shortage of leisure time causes people to be selective about their leisure time commitments. Despite this, arts attendance…

  18. Circumventing the Imposed Ceiling: Art Education as Resistance Narrative

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rolling, James Haywood, Jr.

    2011-01-01

    This article stems from a story of arts education advocacy in the midst of a bureaucracy that misunderstood the purpose of art education at the launch of a new elementary school. Contemporary visual arts education practices overlap a unique period of change in neighboring social science disciplines, a turn of the tide that involves the embrace of…

  19. Theory-Based Teaching: Problem Solving in Studio Art Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rush, Jean C.

    The call for more empirical research in art education during the 1950s seems to be a precursor of the contemporary move toward more systematic instruction in the visual arts. If making art employs nonverbal aesthetic concepts, then conceptual consistency and problem solving within studio instruction can facilitate students' acquisition, retention,…

  20. Blood Memory and the Arts: Indigenous Genealogies and Imagined Truths

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mithlo, Nancy Marie

    2011-01-01

    Contemporary Native arts are rarely included in global arts settings that highlight any number of other disenfranchised artists seeking to gain recognition and a voice in the form of critical exhibition practice or scholarship. This article argues that Native artists can benefit from an increased participation in these broader arts networks, given…

  1. Connecting Art, Learning, and Creativity: A Case for Curriculum Integration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marshall, Julia

    2005-01-01

    The author argues that "substantive" art integration harmonizes with contemporary postmodern thought in art education and represents a strategy for teaching art in a postmodern way. Bringing together theories from cognitive science and metaphor theory (specifically connection and projection), the author shows how substantive integration promotes…

  2. Art of the Pacific Islands. [CD-ROM].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pacific Resources for Education and Learning, Honolulu, HI.

    Oceanic art has long been recognized for its quality and its influence on Western art. This CD-ROM presents over 100 of the finest examples of art from the Pacific region in the form of museum photos, contemporary video segments, and music. The CD-ROM includes such artifacts as masks and carvings from Melanesia, canoes and storyboards from…

  3. Hunting for Monsters: Visual Arts Curriculum as Agonistic Inquiry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kalin, Nadine M.; Barney, Daniel T.

    2014-01-01

    This article explores the possibilities of placing curriculum design in close proximity with participatory contemporary art projects that potentially activate our capacities and willingness to re-vision the future of art education. In this curricular questing we have been drawn toward art that encompasses participatory forms--chiefly relational…

  4. Visual Art and Education: Engaged Visions of History and Community

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bailey, Chelsea; Desai, Dipti

    2005-01-01

    The visual arts, like multicultural education, play a vital role in our understanding of diverse human experiences. In this article we explore the role of community-based contemporary art in education. We consider the ways that art practices speak to issues of history and culture as a site of investigation and a method of investigation in…

  5. The Art of Mathematics: Bedding Down for a New Era

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Tony

    2007-01-01

    Comparisons made between art and mathematics so often centre on the beauty of mathematics and how its forms might be seen as aesthetically pleasing. Yet the prominence of beauty as an attribute is less prevalent in contemporary art. Rather, art has a much broader scope of concern, perhaps with a greater emphasis on providing apparatus through…

  6. Willed Forgetfulness: The Arts, Education and the Case for Unlearning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baldacchino, John

    2013-01-01

    Established scholarship in arts education is invariably related to theories of development founded on notions of multiple intelligence and experiential learning. Yet when contemporary arts practice is retraced on a philosophical horizon, one begins to engage with "other" cases for learning. This state of affairs reveals art's inherent paradox…

  7. Beyond the Gallery: Interactions between Audiences, Artists, and Their Art through the Kampala Art Tour 2007-2010

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nagawa, Margaret

    2012-01-01

    When one walks into an art gallery in Kampala, the capital city of Uganda, one sees a predominantly non-Ugandan audience. Visitors to homes of Ugandans, even those wealthy enough to afford art, find typically bare walls. This begs broader questions: (1) What is it about the education and presentation of contemporary art that excludes local…

  8. Teaching 21st-Century Art Education in a "Virtual" Age: Art Cafe at Second Life

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lu, Lilly

    2010-01-01

    The emerging three-dimensional (3D) virtual world (VW) technology offers great potential for teaching contemporary digital art and growing digital visual culture in 21st-century art education. Such online virtual worlds are built and conceptualized based on information visualization and visual metaphors. Recently, an increasing number of…

  9. Art Historical Appropriation in a Visual Culture-Based Art Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trafi-Prats, Laura

    2009-01-01

    Critical art histories have strategically contributed to the constitution of visual culture studies as an interdisciplinary field that interprets the mediations of mass-produced imagery in contemporary culture. This article advocates for an anti-historicist perspective of art historical knowledge connected to cultural analysis and centered on the…

  10. The Practice of Collaboration as Ethical Activity in Art/s Education?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Kerry

    2015-01-01

    Popular wisdom has it that collaboration is "the new black" in the arts and arts education. Collaboration is viewed as the basis for the making of new and novel artefacts in contemporary cultures, while also being repeatedly used as a catchword in the development of curriculum. Yet, collaboration as praxis entails complex and…

  11. Art Education/Art Therapy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rogers, John R., Ed.

    1978-01-01

    The special issue presents 13 articles dealing with art education and art therapy for special groups. Included are the following titles and authors: "Art Education for Special Groups: The Emotionally Disturbed" (E. Ulman); "You Are The Early Warning System" (C. Stember); "School Art Therapist Rationale for DPI Certification" (V. Minar); "Art…

  12. Pilot-scale evaluation of anammox-based mainstream nitrogen removal from municipal wastewater.

    PubMed

    Lotti, T; Kleerebezem, R; Hu, Z; Kartal, B; de Kreuk, M K; van Erp Taalman Kip, C; Kruit, J; Hendrickx, T L G; van Loosdrecht, M C M

    2015-01-01

    Autotrophic nitrogen removal in the mainstream wastewater treatment process is suggested to be a prerequisite of energy autarkic wastewater treatment plants (WWTP). Whilst the application of anammox-related technologies in the side-stream is at present state of the art, the feasibility of this energy-efficient process at mainstream conditions is still under development. Lower operating temperature and ammonium concentration, together with required high nitrogen removal efficiency, represent the main challenges to face in order to reach this appealing new frontier of the wastewater treatment field. In this study, we report the evaluation of the process in a plug-flow granular sludge-based pilot-scale reactor (4 m3) continuously fed with the actual effluent of the A-stage of the WWTP of Dokhaven, Rotterdam. The one-stage partial nitritation-anammox system was operated for more than 10 months at 19±1°C. Observed average N-removal and ammonium conversion rates were comparable or higher than those of conventional N-removal systems, with 182±46 and 315±33 mg-N L(-1) d(-1), respectively. Biochemical oxygen demand was also oxidized in the system with an average removal efficiency of 90%. Heterotrophic biomass grew preferentially in flocs and was efficiently washed out of the system. Throughout the experimentation, the main bottleneck was the nitritation process that resulted in nitrite-limiting conditions for the anammox conversion. Anammox bacteria were able to grow under mainstream WWTP conditions and new granules were formed and efficiently retained in the system. PMID:25411102

  13. Utilising PEARL to Teach Indigenous Art History: A Canadian Example

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robertson, Carmen

    2012-01-01

    This article explores the concepts advanced from the Australian Learning and Teaching Council (ALTC)-funded project, "Exploring Problem-Based Learning pedagogy as transformative education in Indigenous Australian Studies". As an Indigenous art historian teaching at a mainstream university in Canada, I am constantly reflecting on how to better…

  14. Art in Social Studies Assessments: An Untapped Resource for Social Justice Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zwirn, Susan; Libresco, Andrea

    2010-01-01

    This article discusses a relatively new trend in assessment in American history education which offers interesting opportunities to inject the arts into mainstream education in ways that could provide a catalyst for engagement with social justice issues. Document-based questions (DBQs) on statewide social studies assessments afford art and social…

  15. Black Art.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baraka, Amiri

    1987-01-01

    Discusses black art as not only an expression of black life but as revolutionary art. It must be collective, functional, and committing. It must also be anti-racist, anti-capitalist, and anti-imperialist. (LHW)

  16. Safe Art.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    PTA Today, 1995

    1995-01-01

    Though most art materials are safe for children (and labelled accordingly), parents and teachers should follow recommended safety guidelines, such as those presented in this article, when choosing, using, and storing children's art materials. (SM)

  17. Car Art.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meilach, Dona Z.

    2002-01-01

    Discusses car art and its appeal to boys and girls. Describes the popularity of customizing cars, focusing on this as a future career for students. Includes a list of project ideas that focuses on car art. (CMK)

  18. Expanding DEMON Sidestream Deammonification Technology Towards Mainstream Application.

    PubMed

    Wett, B; Podmirseg, S M; Gómez-Brandón, M; Hell, M; Nyhuis, G; Bott, C; Murthy, S

    2015-12-01

    A cross-Atlantic R&D-cooperation involving three large utilities investigated the feasibility of mainstream deammonification-the application of partial nitritation/anammox for full-plant treatment of municipal wastewater at ambient temperatures. Two major process components have been implemented, 1) bioaugmentation of aerobic- and anaerobic ammonia oxidizers (AOB and AMX) from the DEMON-sidestream sludge liquor treatment to the mainstream and 2) implementation of hydrocyclones to select for anammox granules and retain them in the system. Different operation modes have been tested at laboratory- and pilot-scale in order to promote the short-cut (more direct anammox route) in nitrogen removal metabolism. At the full-scale installation at Strass WWTP, stable repression of nitrite oxidizing biomass (NOB) has been achieved for several months. Significant anammox enrichment in the mainstream has been monitored while high efficiency in the sidestream-process has been maintained (96% annual average ammonia removal). PMID:26652120

  19. Art Safety.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    BCATA Journal for Art Teachers, 1991

    1991-01-01

    Advocating that Canadian art programs should use and model environmentally safe practices, the articles in this journal focus on issues of safe practices in art education. Articles are: (1) "What is WHMIS?"; (2) "Safety Precautions for Specific Art Processes"; (3) "Toxic Substances"; (4) "Using Clay, Glazes, and Kilns Safely in the Classroom"…

  20. Wall Art

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGinley, Connie Q.

    2004-01-01

    The author of this article, an art teacher at Monarch High School in Louisville, Colorado, describes how her experience teaching in a new school presented an exciting visual challenge for an art teacher--monotonous brick walls just waiting for decoration. This school experienced only minimal instances of graffiti, but as an art teacher, she did…

  1. Rock Art

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henn, Cynthia A.

    2004-01-01

    There are many interpretations for the symbols that are seen in rock art, but no decoding key has ever been discovered. This article describes one classroom's experiences with a lesson on rock art--making their rock art and developing their own personal symbols. This lesson allowed for creativity, while giving an opportunity for integration…

  2. Contemporary Black Theatre.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Pearl

    The distinguishable black theatre in America, mirroring a distinguishable black experience, is an artistic product which demands audience involvement. Both the Afro-American oral tradition and the art of gesture are integral aspects of black theatre. In addition, the tragedy found black theatre is not tragedy in the classic sense, as blacks feel…

  3. Arts practices in unreasonable doubt? Reflections on understandings of arts practices in healthcare contexts

    PubMed Central

    Broderick, Sheelagh

    2011-01-01

    This article suggests that the discourse on arts and health encompass contemporary arts practices as an active and engaged analytical activity. Distinctions between arts therapy and arts practice are made to suggest that clinical evidence-based evaluation, while appropriate for arts therapy, is not appropriate for arts practice and in effect cast them in unreasonable doubt. Themes in current discourse on “arts” and “health” are broadly sketched to provide a context for discussion of arts practices. Approaches to knowledge validation in relation to each domain are discussed. These discourses are applied to the Irish healthcare context, offering a reading of three different art projects; it suggests a multiplicity of analyses beyond causal positive health gains. It is suggested that the social turn in medicine and the social turn in arts practices share some similar pre-occupations that warrant further attention. PMID:22675403

  4. Derrida in the University, or the Liberal Arts in Deconstruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelly, Colm

    2012-01-01

    Derrida's account of Kant's and Schelling's writings on the origins of the modern university are interpreted to show that theoretical positions attempting to oversee and master the contemporary university find themselves destabilized or deconstructed. Two examples of contemporary attempts to install the liberal arts as the guardians and overseers…

  5. Success of children with cochlear implants in mainstream educational settings.

    PubMed

    Nevins, M E; Chute, P M

    1995-09-01

    The availability of cochlear implant technology has made mainstreaming a more reachable social and academic goal for profoundly deaf children. Traditionally, the profoundly deaf child has required more self-contained education. It has been the hard-of-hearing child who reached the mainstream education classroom during the elementary years. Cochlear implant recipients, implanted early and receiving appropriate educational services that maximize learning across all domains, have shown a significant trend toward moving from a more self-contained to a less restrictive educational environment. Children with implants are making these transitions earlier than the larger majority of profoundly deaf children using traditional amplification. PMID:7668592

  6. The Aesthetic as a Process of Dialogical Interaction: A Case of Collective Art Praxis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meban, Margaret

    2009-01-01

    In this article, the author highlights theoretical positions from the field of contemporary art that articulate the dialogical and relational aesthetic of contemporary socially-engaged art practices. To illustrate and examine the dimensions of such a social aesthetic in practice, the author shares the practice of Canadian artist, Julie Fiala,…

  7. Contemporary Treatment of APL

    PubMed Central

    Cull, Elizabeth H.; Altman, Jessica K.

    2014-01-01

    Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is characterized by coagulopathy, leukopenic presentation and sensitivity to anthracyclines, all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) and arsenic trioxide (ATO). For the last 25 years, APL has been treated with a combination of ATRA and chemotherapy for induction followed by consolidation and maintenance therapy. This general treatment approach has resulted in cure rates of 80–90%. ATO, originally approved in relapsed APL, has been incorporated into contemporary upfront treatment regimens with excellent response rates. Recent studies show that most patients with APL can be cured with ATRA and ATO alone, eliminating cytotoxic chemotherapy and resulting in superior outcomes compared to standard treatment. We will herein review historical treatment of APL, treatment considerations in specific patient populations, and therapeutic updates. PMID:24643310

  8. Contemporary impingements on mothering.

    PubMed

    Tummala-Narra, Pratyusha

    2009-03-01

    Mothering in contemporary Western society needs to be understood in the context of a rapidly changing social context. Increased geographic mobility, improved access to child-related information through the media, and scientific and technological progress have contributed to significant shifts in cultural views on mothering. Several contextual impingements on mothering, including changing family structure, economic pressures, decreased social support, cultural ideals of the perfect mother, and increased awareness of interpersonal and global trauma impact mothers' internal worlds. These societal changes often reinforce mothers' fear of losing their children and an idealization of intensive mothering, and evoke challenges in reorganizing their sense of personal identity. Implications for psychoanalytic theory and practice, and specifically the need to integrate individual and contextual forces related to experiences of mothers will be explored. PMID:19295618

  9. Shifting the balance: the contemporary narrative of obesity.

    PubMed

    Shugart, Helene A

    2011-01-01

    In this essay, I assess the narrative of obesity as articulated in representative contemporary mainstream media fare--namely, The Oprah Winfrey Show, The Biggest Loser, and Big Medicine. I contend that the emergent narrative of obesity across these programs signals a shift from the historically received narrative in light of its intersection with the concurrent culturally resonant narratives of addiction and self-actualization. In particular, the proposed "problem" and "solution" to obesity, both historically attributed to personal responsibility, appear to be shifting in favor of cultural explanations that describe obesity as symptomatic of and secondary to broader issues related to community, emotionality, and agency. This suggests novel cultural understandings, practices, and policies regarding the mounting "obesity epidemic." PMID:21184312

  10. Art Rocks with Rock Art!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bickett, Marianne

    2011-01-01

    This article discusses rock art which was the very first "art." Rock art, such as the images created on the stone surfaces of the caves of Lascaux and Altimira, is the true origin of the canvas, paintbrush, and painting media. For there, within caverns deep in the earth, the first artists mixed animal fat, urine, and saliva with powdered minerals…

  11. Broadening History, Expanding Possibilities: Contributions of Wayne Ramirez to Art Therapy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Potash, Jordan S.; Ramirez, Wayne A.

    2013-01-01

    A broad history of art therapy in the United States offers important perspectives on which to view contemporary art therapy practice and professional identity. This article provides descriptive research on the contributions of art therapist Wayne Ramirez, an active leader in the early days of the American Art Therapy Association whose attention…

  12. Arts and Cultural Education at School in Europe. Hungary 2007/08

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bodoczky, Istvan

    2008-01-01

    This paper focuses on Hungary's arts and cultural education. The cultural area "arts" has the following sub-areas: music, dance and drama, visual culture, film and media. In accordance with the contemporary approach to art, these are all independent branches of art. Although they have a number of common features, they are very different in terms…

  13. Social Interactiion of Partially Mainstreamed Hearing-Impaired Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Antia, Shirin D.

    1982-01-01

    The study examined social interaction of partially mainstreamed elementary grade children with their hearing (N=84) and hearing impaired (N=32) peers. It was found that hearing impaired children interacted less frequently with peers and more frequently with teachers than did hearing children. (Author)

  14. Mainstreaming, Malpractice, and New Roles for the School Nurse.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jenkins, Ruth L.

    1983-01-01

    Mainstreaming of handicapped children who need unique nursing procedures, high caseloads, and decreasing numbers of school nurses have created an environment of potential harm to handicapped children. Educators without adequate training may assume treatment of these children, creating potential for malpractice lawsuits. Revised perceptions of…

  15. Teacher Assistant Support and Deployment in Mainstream Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Butt, Rosemary

    2016-01-01

    Models of support for students with disability and learning difficulties in mainstream classes in Australia rely extensively on teacher assistants (TAs). Current models, however, inadvertently perpetuate low expectations because providing TA support can be one of the most restrictive supports offered in a school [Giangreco, M. F. 2010a.…

  16. Integrating Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Issues into Mainstream Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldfried, Marvin R.

    2001-01-01

    Illustrates how clinical and research writings on gay, lesbian, and bisexual (GLB) issues remain invisible to mainstream psychology in such areas as life span development and aging, teen suicide, substance abuse, victimization, and family and couple relationships, examining determinants of wellbeing among GLBs and discussing what mainstream…

  17. Using Mainstream Game to Teach Technology through an Interest Framework

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ting, Yu-Liang

    2010-01-01

    This study validates a pedagogical framework, which integrates a mainstream game to teach the technology supporting that game. Technologies in learning games can engage students and make the learning contents interesting to them. However, technologies themselves are seldom the subject of learning in the game they support. In addition, learning…

  18. Inclusion of Children with Disabilities in Mainstream Child Development Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feldman, Maurice A.; Battin, Susan M.; Shaw, Olivia A.; Luckasson, Ruth

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated whether children with disabilities are excluded from mainstream child development research. Fifteen per cent of 533 articles from "Child Development" and "Developmental Psychology" (1996-2010) were randomly selected. The exclusion rate was 89.9% when no mention of participants with disabilities was…

  19. Improving Reading and Writing Skills of Mainstreamed ESL Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rominski, Carolyn; Vazquez, Magdalena

    A program designed to support English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) students' achievement when mainstreamed into eighth grade literature and composition classes is described. The approach was implemented in a suburban school, in which some ESL students lacked the skills to achieve at grade level in regular composition and literature classes. A high…

  20. Teacher Perceptions of English Language Learners in Rural Mainstream Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Luttrell, Suzanna

    2011-01-01

    Researchers have identified best instructional strategies for diverse learners; however, some rural school districts lack funding and resources to train mainstream teachers in language learning and cultural responsiveness. Given the rapid increase of limited English proficient (LEP) students in rural areas, the purpose of this inquiry was to…

  1. Successful Mainstreaming: Proven Ways To Detect and Correct Special Needs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Choate, Joyce S., Ed.

    This book of 16 chapters by various contributors is intended to assist teachers to translate theory into practical classroom strategies for mainstreaming children with disabilities. It includes guidelines for the detection of 101 special needs and more than 1000 corrective strategies. Chapters have the following titles and authors: "Teaching All…

  2. Mainstream Teachers about Including Deaf or Hard of Hearing Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vermeulen, Jorine A.; Denessen, Eddie; Knoors, Harry

    2012-01-01

    This study is aimed at teachers' classroom practices and their beliefs and emotions regarding the inclusion of deaf or hard of hearing (d/hh) students in mainstream secondary schools. Nine teachers in two schools were interviewed about the inclusion of d/hh students. These teachers were found to consider the d/hh students' needs in their teaching…

  3. Research on the Black Family: Mainstream and Dissenting Perspectives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, William G.

    1979-01-01

    Mainstream research has looked traditionally at the Black family to explain its overall difficulty in society, while dissenting studies have emphasized the effects of societal factors on the Black conjugal unit's function and structure. The dualistic nature of Black family research captures society's divergent impression of the Afro-American…

  4. Elementary ELL Interaction: Mainstream v. Sheltered Instructional Settings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnston, Joan Ann

    2013-01-01

    This mixed methods study investigated the English verbal interactions of seven 3rd-6th grade beginning level English language learners across three different instructional settings: the mainstream grade level classroom, the sheltered English classroom, and the ELL pullout group. The quantitative component of the study documented significant…

  5. Reflections on Mainstreaming Gender Equality in Adult Basic Education Programmes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lind, Agneta

    2006-01-01

    This article is about mainstreaming gender equality in adult basic learning and education (ABLE). Gender equality is defined as equal rights of both women and men to influence, participate in and benefit from a programme. It is argued that specific gender analyses of emerging patterns of gender relations is helpful in formulating gender equality…

  6. Teaching Proper Health Habits to Mainstreamed Students Through Positive Reinforcement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salend, Spencer J.; Mahoney, Sandra

    1982-01-01

    A positive reinforcement program initiated by a school nurse improved the hygiene habits of two mainstreamed learning disabled youngsters. The students' ability to clean their hands, faces, and teeth was significantly increased, and their adjustment to a regular classroom was made easier. (PP)

  7. Science and Life: A Mainstreamed Secondary Science Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wielert, Jan S.; Johnston, Laneh M.

    1984-01-01

    A science and life program developed for mainstreamed secondary students is based on commercially available modules on such topics as pregnancy and fetal development, automobile safety, and heart disease. The program features cooperative group activities, peer tutoring, and ongoing evaluation. (CL)

  8. Learning Braille and Print Together -- The Mainstream Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rogers, Sue

    2007-01-01

    This article reports on a national survey and follow-up interviews with vision-support teachers. The study related to pupils in mainstream schools who are identified as able to read large print but also need to learn braille to increase access to the curriculum. The aim of the survey was to elicit information about the diversity of the group and…

  9. Can humic products become mainstream amendments for improving crop production?

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Humic products have been used in cropland production for several decades but only by small numbers of farmers. Appreciable proportions of field studies demonstrate efficacy of the products for numerous crops, justifying their further evaluation. Their adoption by mainstream farmers could be accelera...

  10. Fe Isotopic Composition of Presolar SiC Mainstream Grains

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tripa, C. E.; Pellin, M. J.; Savina, M. R.; Davis, A. M.; Lewis, R. S.; Clayton, R. N.

    2002-01-01

    Iron isotopic distribution was measured in SiC mainstream grains from the Murchison meteorite by time-of-flight resonance ionization mass spectrometry. All grains exhibit 54Fe depletions of 50 to 200, lower than what are predicted by calculations of s-process nucleosynthesis in AGB stars. Additional information is contained in the original extended abstract.