Science.gov

Sample records for maintenance problem resolution

  1. Detection of structural deterioration and associated airline maintenance problems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Henniker, H. D.; Mitchell, R. G.

    1972-01-01

    Airline operations involving the detection of structural deterioration and associated maintenance problems are discussed. The standard approach to the maintenance and inspection of aircraft components and systems is described. The frequency of inspections and the application of preventive maintenance practices are examined. The types of failure which airline transport aircraft encounter and the steps taken to prevent catastrophic failure are reported.

  2. Problem Formulation and Resolution in Online Problem-Based Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kenny, Richard F.; Bullen, Mark; Loftus, Jay

    2006-01-01

    This paper discusses an exploratory study to investigate the existence, and nature, of student problem formulation and resolution processes in an undergraduate online Problem-Based Learning (PBL) course in Agricultural Sciences. We report on the use of a content analysis instrument developed to measure problem formulation and resolution (PFR)…

  3. The Public School Infrastructure Problem: Deteriorating Buildings and Deferred Maintenance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hunter, Richard C.

    2009-01-01

    The deterioration of public school buildings is more prevalent in large cities that, because of funding shortfalls, have deferred maintenance and require huge sums to bring their buildings up to acceptable standards. Cities such as New York will require approximately $680 million to address the problem of deferred maintenance for needed painting,…

  4. Analogical reasoning in working memory: resources shared among relational integration, interference resolution, and maintenance.

    PubMed

    Cho, Soohyun; Holyoak, Keith J; Cannon, Tyrone D

    2007-09-01

    We report a series of experiments using a pictorial analogy task designed to manipulate relational integration, interference resolution, and active maintenance simultaneously. The difficulty of the problems was varied in terms of the number of relations to be integrated, the need for interference resolution, and the duration of maintenance required to correctly solve the analogy. The participants showed decreases in performance when integrating multiple relations, as compared with a single relation, and when interference resolution was required in solving the analogy. When the participants were required to integrate multiple relations while simultaneously engaged in interference resolution, performance was worse, as compared with problems that incorporated either of these features alone. Maintenance of information across delays in the range of 1-4.5 sec led to greater decrements in visual memory, as compared with analogical reasoning. Misleading information caused interference when it had been necessarily attended to and maintained in working memory and, hence, had to be actively suppressed. However, sources of conflict within information that had not been attended to or encoded into working memory did not interfere with the ongoing controlled information processing required for relational integration. The findings provide evidence that relational integration and interference resolution depend on shared cognitive resources in working memory during analogical reasoning. PMID:18035640

  5. Ground-water problems in highway construction and maintenance

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Rasmussen, W.C.; Haigler, L.B.

    1953-01-01

    This report discusses the occurrence of ground water in relation to certain problems in highway construction and maintenance. These problems are: the subdrainage of roads; quicksand; the arrest of soil creep in road cuts; the construction of lower and larger culverts necessitated by the farm-drainage program; the prevention of failure of bridge abutments and retaining walls; and the water-cement ratio of sub-water-table concrete. Although the highway problems and suggested solutions are of general interest, they are considered with special reference to the State of Delaware, in relation to the geology of that State. The new technique of soil stabilization by electroosmosis is reviewed in the hope that it might find application here in road work and pile setting, field application by the Germans and Russians is reviewed.

  6. General parameterization and resolution of inverse problems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chiao, L.-Y.; Gung, Y.-C.; Hsu, Y.-T.; Chang, Y.-H.; Yang, H.-Y.

    2009-04-01

    It is becoming a progressing consensus in the practice of resolving geophysical inverse problems that to seek for a family of related inverse models rather than just a single solution would help significantly to shed light on different perspectives of Earth's structure that a particular set of data constraints might be able to robustly resolve. Conventionally, after an a priori finite parameterization by expanding in terms of an arbitrary choice of truncated bases functions, the family of solutions is constructed along a certain tradeoff curve, for example, between data variance reduction versus model roughness or model norm; or between quantitative measures of model resolution versus model variance. It is seldom explored that cross assessment of inverse models invoking distinctive parameterizations and comparative appraisal across different regularization schemes might in fact be essential in highlighting the data's actual capability in constraining Earth's structure, as well as to differentiate whether specific features in the obtained solution might actually be artifacts arisen from the particular parameterization and the inverse algorithms invoked. Whereas most parameterizations are based on ad hoc choices of truncated bases functions, the classical Backus-Gilbert formulation of geophysical inverse theory treats Earth models as bearing inherently continuous variations. Although it is also possible to be formulated in terms of a special parameterization by adopting the data kernels as the basis functions, the original formulation yields the important information of the resolution kernel that relates the model estimates to the true Earth's structure. It is emphasized here that the information of the resolution kernel provided in correctly interpreting the inverse models is much more insightful than the vague impression obtained from the usually popular checkerboard test. Furthermore, it is worth mentioning that there are corresponding resolution kernels for every distinctive parameterization rather than just the usually much accentuated spatial resolution. Here we show that cross domain transformations of the inverse model itself, the corresponding resolution kernel, as well as the model covariance matrix can all be achieved strictly by straightforward algebraic transformations rather than tediously repeating the implementation of the forward data rule from the scratch. By taking advantage of these transformation rules, not only does the cross domain appraisal is made easy, it is also possible to formulate the forward data rule in one basis such as a global function set and then to examine the inverse models in the other basis such as a local set and vice versa. This offers great flexibility to take advantage of the intrinsic merits of each of every distinctive basis functions. An example of waveform inversion of surface wave data for the upper mantle under the Pacific region will be presented.

  7. JIT single machine scheduling problem with periodic preventive maintenance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shahriari, Mohammadreza; Shoja, Naghi; Zade, Amir Ebrahimi; Barak, Sasan; Sharifi, Mani

    2016-03-01

    This article investigates a JIT single machine scheduling problem with a periodic preventive maintenance. Also to maintain the quality of the products, there is a limitation on the maximum number of allowable jobs in each period. The proposed bi-objective mixed integer model minimizes total earliness-tardiness and makespan simultaneously. Due to the computational complexity of the problem, multi-objective particle swarm optimization (MOPSO) algorithm is implemented. Also, as well as MOPSO, two other optimization algorithms are used for comparing the results. Eventually, Taguchi method with metrics analysis is presented to tune the algorithms' parameters and a multiple criterion decision making technique based on the technique for order of preference by similarity to ideal solution is applied to choose the best algorithm. Comparison results confirmed the supremacy of MOPSO to the other algorithms.

  8. Solving complex maintenance planning optimization problems using stochastic simulation and multi-criteria fuzzy decision making

    SciTech Connect

    Tahvili, Sahar; Österberg, Jonas; Silvestrov, Sergei; Biteus, Jonas

    2014-12-10

    One of the most important factors in the operations of many cooperations today is to maximize profit and one important tool to that effect is the optimization of maintenance activities. Maintenance activities is at the largest level divided into two major areas, corrective maintenance (CM) and preventive maintenance (PM). When optimizing maintenance activities, by a maintenance plan or policy, we seek to find the best activities to perform at each point in time, be it PM or CM. We explore the use of stochastic simulation, genetic algorithms and other tools for solving complex maintenance planning optimization problems in terms of a suggested framework model based on discrete event simulation.

  9. Solving complex maintenance planning optimization problems using stochastic simulation and multi-criteria fuzzy decision making

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tahvili, Sahar; Österberg, Jonas; Silvestrov, Sergei; Biteus, Jonas

    2014-12-01

    One of the most important factors in the operations of many cooperations today is to maximize profit and one important tool to that effect is the optimization of maintenance activities. Maintenance activities is at the largest level divided into two major areas, corrective maintenance (CM) and preventive maintenance (PM). When optimizing maintenance activities, by a maintenance plan or policy, we seek to find the best activities to perform at each point in time, be it PM or CM. We explore the use of stochastic simulation, genetic algorithms and other tools for solving complex maintenance planning optimization problems in terms of a suggested framework model based on discrete event simulation.

  10. The Resolution of Health Problems in School Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oda, Dorothy S.; And Others

    1985-01-01

    School health services work towards promoting and maintaining health of school-age children. An additional aspect of an effective program is to identify problems and manage or follow these problems to resolution. Resolution rates of health problems identified in students by primary care, physical examination, or screenings are examined. (Author/DF)

  11. Approximate resolution of hard numbering problems

    SciTech Connect

    Bailleux, O.; Chabrier, J.J.

    1996-12-31

    We present a new method for estimating the number of solutions of constraint satisfaction problems. We use a stochastic forward checking algorithm for drawing a sample of paths from a search tree. With this sample, we compute two values related to the number of solutions of a CSP instance. First, an unbiased estimate, second, a lower bound with an arbitrary low error probability. We will describe applications to the Boolean Satisfiability problem and the Queens problem. We shall give some experimental results for these problems.

  12. ENVIRONMENTAL ISOTOPES FOR RESOLUTION OF HYDROLOGY PROBLEMS

    EPA Science Inventory

    The use of environmental isotopes as tracers in the hydrosphere is increasing as analytical instrumentation improves and more applications are discovered. There exists still misconceptions on the role of isotopes in resolving hydrology problems. Naturally occurring isotopes in th...

  13. Why parasuicides repeat despite problem resolution.

    PubMed

    Sakinofsky, I; Roberts, R S

    1990-03-01

    To discover why parasuicides who resolved their difficulties repeated self-harm within three-month follow-up at the same rate as those who had not resolved problems, a group of 30 repeaters was compared with 156 non-repeaters. The repeaters had a history of more frequent episodes, beginning younger. Their problems were more severe, the acts of self-harm potentially less lethal. They experienced greater feelings of externally directed hostility, powerlessness, and 'normlessness'. A constellation of nine variables correctly predicted 81.5% of the repeaters and 77.5% of the non-repeaters. At follow-up the non-repeaters had improved on several parameters but the repeaters were essentially unchanged. The resolvers among the subgroup of repeaters were more like repeaters in the overall sample than the resolvers, which may explain why some parasuicides repeat in spite of resolving their problems. PMID:2346842

  14. Interventions for Weight Reduction: Facing the Maintenance Problem

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Drew A.; Simmons, Angela M.; Milnes, Suzanne M.

    2005-01-01

    Behavioral treatments are perhaps the cornerstone of modern obesity treatment. Maintenance of weight lost via behavioral treatments has been less than hoped for, however. Weight regain is the result of complex interactions between physiological, behavioral, cognitive, and environmental factors; in this paper we review some of these factors and…

  15. Problem resolution and repetition of parasuicide. A prospective study.

    PubMed

    Sakinofsky, I; Roberts, R S; Brown, Y; Cumming, C; James, P

    1990-03-01

    Resolution of presenting problems at three-month follow-up was studied in 228 parasuicides. 'Non-resolvers' presented with less severe problems, but prodromes were longer, prior episodes more frequent, and they experienced more powerlessness and internally directed hostility than the resolvers. At follow-up resolvers had improved more on measures of depression, externally and internally directed hostility, locus of control, powerlessness, self-esteem, sensitivity to criticism, and social adjustment. Baseline problem severity, powerlessness (negatively), and 'normlessness' 'predicted' degree of problem resolution, while baseline problem severity, the number of previous parasuicide episodes, and baseline internal hostility (the latter two variables negatively) were associated with problem resolution as a dichotomous variable. Resolvers improved more in social functioning during the follow-up than non-resolvers, but a similar proportion (16%) in each group reported repeat episodes of parasuicide at follow-up. PMID:2346841

  16. Problem Resolution through Electronic Mail: A Five-Step Model.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grandgenett, Neal; Grandgenett, Don

    2001-01-01

    Discusses the use of electronic mail within the general resolution and management of administrative problems and emphasizes the need for careful attention to problem definition and clarity of language. Presents a research-based five-step model for the effective use of electronic mail based on experiences at the University of Nebraska at Omaha.…

  17. Internet-Based Recording Service Solves Maintenance Reporting Problems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Noah, Marilyn

    2001-01-01

    Details the response to a health threat caused by illegal wastewater disposal in Wisconsin. Traces the identification of the problem, ordinances and policies adopted to guide the remedy, and subsequent monitoring of environmental quality. (DDR)

  18. Resolutions of Problems that Occurred in SPEAR3 Magnet Production

    SciTech Connect

    Li, Nanyang

    2005-05-27

    Some problems occurred during the SPEAR3 magnet production at IHEP, China. It was very hard to find resolution from existing knowledge of those problems. It was possible that similar problems might have happen in building accelerator magnet in other institutes before, but they were not addressed in public papers. These problems were discussed and solved by engineers from both SLAC and IHEP after conducting certain experiments. Traditionally, the magnet design and measurement data have been always well documented and addressed in papers, but the production experiences have not been recorded adequately. It is the goal of this paper to record the problems and their resolutions during SPEAR3 magnet production at IHEP China, which will certainly benefit future magnet projects.

  19. Pediatric Enteric Feeding Techniques: Insertion, Maintenance, and Management of Problems

    SciTech Connect

    Nijs, Els L. F.; Cahill, Anne Marie

    2010-12-15

    Enteral feeding is considered a widespread, well-accepted means of delivering nutrition to adults and children who are unable to consume food by mouth or who need support in maintaining adequate nutrition for a variety of reasons, including acute and chronic disease states. Delivery of enteral feeding to nutritionally deprived patients may be achieved by several means. In this article, the indications and insertion of enteral access in children will be reviewed. In addition, common complications and management of problems will be discussed.

  20. Fairy Tales: Visions for Problem Resolution in Eating Disorders.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hill, Laura

    1992-01-01

    Introduces framework using fairy tales, such as Cinderella, as vision-to-action treatment alternative for psychological dysfunctions focusing on eating disorders. Proposed model consists of four phases: identification of the fairy tale; development of connection with the fairy tale; introduction of conflict; and problem resolution. Provides…

  1. Theoretical Problems in High Resolution Solar Physics, 2

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Athay, G. (Editor); Spicer, D. S. (Editor)

    1987-01-01

    The Science Working Group for the High Resolution Solar Observatory (HRSO) laid plans beginning in 1984 for a series of workshops designed to stimulate a broadbased input from the scientific community to the HRSO mission. These workshops have the dual objectives of encouraging an early start on the difficult theoretical problems in radiative transfer, magnetohydrodynamics, and plasma physics that will be posed by the HRSO data, and maintaining current discussions of results in high resolution solar studies. This workshop was the second in the series. The workshop format presented invited review papers during the formal sessions and contributed poster papers for discussions during open periods. Both are presented.

  2. Optimization as a Tool for Consistency Maintenance in Multi-Resolution Simulation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Drewry, Darren T; Reynolds, Jr , Paul F; Emanuel, William R

    2006-01-01

    The need for new approaches to the consistent simulation of related phenomena at multiple levels of resolution is great. While many fields of application would benefit from a complete and approachable solution to this problem, such solutions have proven extremely difficult. We present a multi-resolution simulation methodology that uses numerical optimization as a tool for maintaining external consistency between models of the same phenomena operating at different levels of temporal and/or spatial resolution. Our approach follows from previous work in the disparate fields of inverse modeling and spacetime constraint-based animation. As a case study, our methodology is applied to two environmental models of forest canopy processes that make overlapping predictions under unique sets of operating assumptions, and which execute at different temporal resolutions. Experimental results are presented and future directions are addressed.

  3. CONTEMPORARY SITUATIONS AND PROBLEMS OF ROAD/BRIDGE MAINTENANCE TECHNICAL COOPERATION PROJECTS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nishimiya, Noriaki; Sanui, Kazumasa; Mizota, Yuzo

    It is widely acknowledged that roads are the most important transport infrastructure in developing countries. Unlike railroads requiring organizations and systems to operate, individuals can drive on roads. Almost all donors have assisted developing countr ies for new road constructions and rehabilitations. Report of insufficient maintenance in the developing countries, however, has been notable. As a result of the maintenance problems, deterioration of roads is pr ogressing with speed more than expected. It causes the traffic safety problems and an obstacle of economic development. JICA and other donors recognize that this situation can not be overlooked and reci pient countries are increasing their expectation of obtaining assistance on road/bridge maintenance. JICA has implemented over 10 technical cooper ation projects for road/b ridge maintenance in developing countries. JICA conducted a study to review those projects comprehensively. That study aims at obtaining problems, lessons learned and discussion material for policy making and method improvement for future similar pr ojects. This report introduces the outline of the study including additional analysis and recommendations by the authors.

  4. Adapting problem-solving therapy for depressed older adults in methadone maintenance treatment

    PubMed Central

    Rosen, Daniel; Morse, Jennifer Q; Reynolds, Charles F

    2011-01-01

    Late life depression is prevalent in older adults who are dependent on opiates. Depressive disorders among opiate abusers have detrimental effects on their well-being and ability to refrain from illegal drugs. There are numerous barriers to the provision of appropriate mental health care to older adults receiving methadone maintenance treatment. This article focuses on problem solving therapy (PST) and presents evidence that PST may be a promising non-pharmacological treatment for older methadone clients with comorbid depressive disorders that can be applied within the staffing and resource limits of methadone maintenance treatment facilities. The advantages of PST relative to other behavioral therapies for this population are based on evidence that PST is less cognitively demanding for an older adult population with mood and substance use disorders. A properly modified PST for an older adult substance dependent population with subsyndromal or diagnosed depression may be a viable option for methadone maintenance programs with limited resources. PMID:21036509

  5. The role of romantic attraction and conflict resolution in predicting shorter and longer relationship maintenance among adolescents.

    PubMed

    Appel, Israel; Shulman, Shmuel

    2015-04-01

    This study examined the role of romantic attraction and conflict resolution patterns in shorter and longer relationship maintenance among adolescent couples. Data were used from 55 couples aged 15-18 years. Partners completed the Romantic Attraction scale and were observed negotiating a disagreement. Three and 6 months later, they were asked to report whether they were still together. Findings indicated that partners' romantic attraction and the tendency to minimize disagreements during interaction predicted shorter relationship maintenance. In contrast, longer relationship maintenance was predicted by partners' capability to resolve conflicts constructively in a positive atmosphere. Findings are embedded and discussed within Fisher's (2004) evolutionary theory of love. PMID:25663237

  6. A resource conflict resolution problem formulated in continuous time

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gaver, D. P.; Fayolle, G.; Weiss, A.

    1985-08-01

    In many situations involving data transmission from diverse sources there can be conflict for a limited number of channels or other facilities. Uncoordinated attempts by several sources to use a single facility can result in collision, the destruction of all participants in the collision, meaning the loss of the transmission, and hence the need for re-transmission. An important problem concerns the development of workable procedures for alleviating the conflict and corresponding message delay problems. Often such problems are viewed as occurring in discrete time: slots of equal length occur in temporal succession, and each slot can handle just one packet of data at a time, if two or more packets try to use the same slot simultaneously, a collision occurs that somehow must be resolved. A recent paper analyzed a stack protocol for handling such a situation, but there are many other proposals. This report is concerned with some simple models for a single facility (channel), and for contention or conflict resolution. The models are formulated in a continuous-time manner: messages, or numbers of packets constituting messages, are long, meaning that they occupy many consecutive slots on the average if a single transmission is occurring.

  7. NASA Engineering and Safety Center NDE Super Problem Resolution Team

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Prosser, W. H.

    2007-03-01

    The NASA Engineering and Safety Center (NESC) is an independent organization, which was charted in the wake of the Space Shuttle Columbia accident to serve as an Agency-wide technical resource focused on engineering excellence. The objective of the NESC is to improve safety by performing in-depth independent engineering assessments, testing, and analysis to uncover technical vulnerabilities and to determine appropriate preventative and corrective actions for problems, trends or issues within NASA's programs, projects and institutions. Critical to the NESC are teams of experts in a number of core disciplines including nondestructive evaluation (NDE). These teams, designated Super Problem Resolution Teams (SPRTs), draw upon the best engineering expertise from across the Agency and include partnerships with other government agencies, national laboratories, universities and industry. The NESC NDE SPRT provides a ready resource of NDE technical expertise to support NESC Independent Technical Assessments and Investigations. The purpose of this session will be to provide an overview of the NESC and the NDE SPRT along with a few examples of NDE related problems that the team has addressed for NASA Programs. It is hoped that this session will be of interest to the general NDE community and will foster contacts with additional NDE experts that might provide future support to the NASA NESC NDE SPRT.

  8. Application of Column Generation for Train-set Scheduling Problems with Regular Maintenance Constraints

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ohno, Akiyoshi; Nishi, Tatsushi; Inuiguchi, Masahiro; Takahashi, Satoru; Ueda, Kenji

    In this paper, we propose a column generation for the train-set scheduling problem with regular maintenance constraints. The problem is to allocate the minimum train-set to the train operations required to operate a given train timetable. In the proposed method, a tight lower bound can be obtained from the continuous relaxation for Dantzig-Wolfe reformulation by column generation. The subproblem for the column generation is an elementary shortest path problem with resource constraints. A labeling algorithm is applied to solve the subproblem. In order to reduce the computational effort for solving subproblems, a new state space relaxation of the subproblem is developed in the labeling algorithm. An upper bound is computed by a heuristic algorithm. Computational results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.

  9. Hybrid particle swarm optimization for hybrid flowshop scheduling problem with maintenance activities.

    PubMed

    Li, Jun-qing; Pan, Quan-ke; Mao, Kun

    2014-01-01

    A hybrid algorithm which combines particle swarm optimization (PSO) and iterated local search (ILS) is proposed for solving the hybrid flowshop scheduling (HFS) problem with preventive maintenance (PM) activities. In the proposed algorithm, different crossover operators and mutation operators are investigated. In addition, an efficient multiple insert mutation operator is developed for enhancing the searching ability of the algorithm. Furthermore, an ILS-based local search procedure is embedded in the algorithm to improve the exploitation ability of the proposed algorithm. The detailed experimental parameter for the canonical PSO is tuning. The proposed algorithm is tested on the variation of 77 Carlier and Néron's benchmark problems. Detailed comparisons with the present efficient algorithms, including hGA, ILS, PSO, and IG, verify the efficiency and effectiveness of the proposed algorithm. PMID:24883414

  10. Hybrid Particle Swarm Optimization for Hybrid Flowshop Scheduling Problem with Maintenance Activities

    PubMed Central

    Li, Jun-qing; Pan, Quan-ke; Mao, Kun

    2014-01-01

    A hybrid algorithm which combines particle swarm optimization (PSO) and iterated local search (ILS) is proposed for solving the hybrid flowshop scheduling (HFS) problem with preventive maintenance (PM) activities. In the proposed algorithm, different crossover operators and mutation operators are investigated. In addition, an efficient multiple insert mutation operator is developed for enhancing the searching ability of the algorithm. Furthermore, an ILS-based local search procedure is embedded in the algorithm to improve the exploitation ability of the proposed algorithm. The detailed experimental parameter for the canonical PSO is tuning. The proposed algorithm is tested on the variation of 77 Carlier and Néron's benchmark problems. Detailed comparisons with the present efficient algorithms, including hGA, ILS, PSO, and IG, verify the efficiency and effectiveness of the proposed algorithm. PMID:24883414

  11. A simple method for determining the spatial resolution of a general inverse problem

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    An, Meijian

    2012-09-01

    The resolution matrix of an inverse problem defines a linear relationship in which each solution parameter is derived from the weighted averages of nearby true-model parameters, and the resolution matrix elements are the weights. Resolution matrices are not only widely used to measure the solution obtainability or the inversion perfectness from the data based on the degree to which the matrix approximates the identity matrix, but also to extract spatial-resolution or resolution-length information. Resolution matrices presented in previous spatial-resolution analysis studies can be divided into three classes: direct resolution matrix, regularized/stabilized resolution matrix and hybrid resolution matrix. The direct resolution matrix can yield resolution-length information only for ill-posed inverse problems. The regularized resolution matrix cannot give any spatial-resolution information. The hybrid resolution matrix can provide resolution-length information; however, this depends on the regularization contribution to the inversion. The computation of the matrices needs matrix operation, however, this is often a difficult problem for very large inverse problems. Here, a new class of resolution matrices, generated using a Gaussian approximation (called the statistical resolution matrices), is proposed whereby the direct determination of the matrix is accomplished via a simple one-parameter non-linear inversion performed based on limited pairs of random synthetic models and their inverse solutions. Tests showed that a statistical resolution matrix could not only measure the resolution obtainable from the data, but also provided reasonable spatial/temporal resolution or resolution-length information. The estimates were restricted to forward/inversion processes and were independent of the degree of inverse skill used in the solution inversion; therefore, the original inversion codes did not need to be modified. The absence of a requirement for matrix operations during the estimation process indicated that this approach is particularly suitable for very large linear/linearized inverse problems. The estimation of statistical resolution matrices is useful for both direction-dependent and direction-independent resolution estimations. Interestingly, even a random synthetic input model without specific checkers provided an inverse output solution that yielded a checkerboard pattern that gave not only indicative resolution-length information but also information on the direction dependence of the resolution.

  12. Automatic resolution of the three-points geological problem

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Martinez-Torres, Luis M.; Lopetegui, Ane; Eguiluz, Luis

    2012-05-01

    The problem of three points, or 3P problem, is the basic geometrical reference of numerous geological structures. We propose a simple Microsoft Excel spreadsheet program that determines from three georeferenced points the strike and dip of the plane that contains them. Practical examples showing the application in Google Earth and LIDAR data are presented.

  13. Clarification process: Resolution of decision-problem conditions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dieterly, D. L.

    1980-01-01

    A model of a general process which occurs in both decisionmaking and problem-solving tasks is presented. It is called the clarification model and is highly dependent on information flow. The model addresses the possible constraints of individual indifferences and experience in achieving success in resolving decision-problem conditions. As indicated, the application of the clarification process model is only necessary for certain classes of the basic decision-problem condition. With less complex decision problem conditions, certain phases of the model may be omitted. The model may be applied across a wide range of decision problem conditions. The model consists of two major components: (1) the five-phase prescriptive sequence (based on previous approaches to both concepts) and (2) the information manipulation function (which draws upon current ideas in the areas of information processing, computer programming, memory, and thinking). The two components are linked together to provide a structure that assists in understanding the process of resolving problems and making decisions.

  14. A high-resolution numerical technique for inviscid gas-dynamic problems with weak solutions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Yee, H. C.; Warming, R. F.; Harten, A.

    1982-01-01

    The shock resolution of Harten's (1982) second-order explicit method for one-dimensional hyperbolic conservation laws is investigated for a two-dimensional gas-dynamic problem. The possible extension to a high resolution implicit method for both one- and two-dimensional problems is also investigated. Applications of Harten's method to the quasi-one-dimensional nozzle problem with two nozzle shapes (divergent and convergent-divergent) and the two-dimensional shock-reflection problem resulted in high shock resolution steady-state numerical solutions.

  15. Baldwin's Two Developmental Resolutions of the Mind-Body Problem.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ferrari, Michel

    2003-01-01

    Pursues William Kessen's analysis of psychologist Baldwin's 1905 paper by examining Baldwin's two proposed solutions to the mind-body problem: the materialist solution and the idealist solution. Demonstrates that Baldwin's ideas presaged those of developmental theorists and philosophers. Discusses Baldwin's proposal that current scientific ideas

  16. Baldwin's Two Developmental Resolutions of the Mind-Body Problem.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ferrari, Michel

    2003-01-01

    Pursues William Kessen's analysis of psychologist Baldwin's 1905 paper by examining Baldwin's two proposed solutions to the mind-body problem: the materialist solution and the idealist solution. Demonstrates that Baldwin's ideas presaged those of developmental theorists and philosophers. Discusses Baldwin's proposal that current scientific ideas…

  17. Solving the inverse problem of magnetisation-stress resolution

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Staples, S. G. H.; Vo, C.; Cowell, D. M. J.; Freear, S.; Ives, C.; Varcoe, B. T. H.

    2013-04-01

    Magnetostriction in various metals has been known since 1842, recently the focus has shifted away from ferrous metals, towards materials with a straightforward or exaggerated stress magnetostriction relationship. However, there is an increasing interest in understanding ferrous metal relationships, especially steels, because of its widespread use in building structures, transportation infrastructure, and pipelines. The aim of this paper is to solve the inverse problem of determining stress from an observed magnetic field which implies a given magnetic structure and to demonstrate that theoretical calculations using a multi-physics modeling technique agree with this experimental observation.

  18. Resolution of the Band Gap Prediction Problem for Materials Design.

    PubMed

    Crowley, Jason M; Tahir-Kheli, Jamil; Goddard, William A

    2016-04-01

    An important property with any new material is the band gap. Standard density functional theory methods grossly underestimate band gaps. This is known as the band gap problem. Here, we show that the hybrid B3PW91 density functional returns band gaps with a mean absolute deviation (MAD) from experiment of 0.22 eV over 64 insulators with gaps spanning a factor of 500 from 0.014 to 7 eV. The MAD is 0.28 eV over 70 compounds with gaps up to 14.2 eV, with a mean error of -0.03 eV. To benchmark the quality of the hybrid method, we compared the hybrid method to the rigorous GW many-body perturbation theory method. Surprisingly, the MAD for B3PW91 is about 1.5 times smaller than the MAD for GW. Furthermore, B3PW91 is 3-4 orders of magnitude faster computationally. Hence, B3PW91 is a practical tool for predicting band gaps of materials before they are synthesized and represents a solution to the band gap prediction problem. PMID:26944092

  19. Possible resolution of the domain wall problem in the NMSSM

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mazumdar, Anupam; Saikawa, Ken'ichi; Yamaguchi, Masahide; Yokoyama, Jun'ichi

    2016-01-01

    We discuss a possibility that the domain wall problem in the next-to-minimal supersymmetric standard model is alleviated without introducing a small explicit Z3 breaking term by analyzing the evolution of the singlet scalar field within an inflationary paradigm. The singlet scalar field which explains the ? -term tracks a time-varying minimum of the effective potential after inflation and slowly rolls down to its global minimum if there exist sufficiently large negative Hubble-induced corrections on the effective potential for the singlet field, which arise through supergravity. As a consequence, the whole Universe is confined within a single domain during and after inflation, which prevents the formation of domain walls. This will further constrain the history of the early Universe along with the Higgs-singlet coupling.

  20. Operation and maintenance manual for the high resolution stereoscopic video camera system (HRSVS) system 6230

    SciTech Connect

    Pardini, A.F., Westinghouse Hanford

    1996-07-16

    The High Resolution Stereoscopic Video Cameral System (HRSVS),system 6230, is a stereoscopic camera system that will be used as an end effector on the LDUA to perform surveillance and inspection activities within Hanford waste tanks. It is attached to the LDUA by means of a Tool Interface Plate (TIP), which provides a feed through for all electrical and pneumatic utilities needed by the end effector to operate.

  1. Towards the resolution of the solar neutrino problem

    SciTech Connect

    Friedland, Alexander

    2000-08-29

    A number of experiments have accumulated over the years a large amount of solar neutrino data. The data indicate that the observed solar neutrino flux is significantly smaller than expected and, furthermore, that the electron neutrino survival probability is energy dependent. This ''solar neutrino problem'' is best solved by assuming that the electron neutrino oscillates into another neutrino species. Even though one can classify the solar neutrino deficit as strong evidence for neutrino oscillations, it is not yet considered a definitive proof. Traditional objections are that the evidence for solar neutrino oscillations relies on a combination of hard, different experiments, and that the Standard Solar Model (SSM) might not be accurate enough to precisely predict the fluxes of different solar neutrino components. Even though it seems unlikely that modifications to the SSM alone can explain the current solar neutrino data, one still cannot completely discount the possibility that a combination of unknown systematic errors in some of the experiments and certain modifications to the SSM could conspire to yield the observed data. To conclusively demonstrate that there is indeed new physics in solar neutrinos, new experiments are aiming at detecting ''smoking gun'' signatures of neutrino oscillations, such as an anomalous seasonal variation in the observed neutrino flux or a day-night variation due to the regeneration of electron neutrinos in the Earth. In this dissertation we study the sensitivity reach of two upcoming neutrino experiments, Borexino and KamLAND, to both of these effects. Results of neutrino oscillation experiments for the case of two-flavor oscillations have always been presented on the (sin{sup 2} 2{theta}, {Delta}m{sup 2}) parameter space. We point out, however, that this parameterization misses the half of the parameter space {pi}/4 < {theta} {le} {pi}/2, which is physically inequivalent to the region 0 {le} {theta} {le} {pi}/4 in the presence of matter effects. The MSW solutions to the solar neutrino problem can extend to the ({theta} > {pi}/4) side. Furthermore, even the ''vacuum oscillation'' solutions are affected by solar matter effects and hence are different in the two sides.

  2. Predictors of Utilization of an IVR Self-Monitoring Program by Problem Drinkers with Recent Natural Resolutions

    PubMed Central

    Simpson, Cathy A.; Huang, Jin; Roth, David L.; Chandler, Susan D.; Tucker, Jalie A.

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND As part of a randomized controlled trial, problem drinkers who recently initiated natural recovery on their own were offered access to an Interactive Voice Response (IVR) self-monitoring (SM) system as a sobriety maintenance tool during early recovery when relapse risk is high. Because observed IVR utilization was variable, predictors of utilization were evaluated to inform knowledge of populations likely to access and use IVR services. METHODS Participants were 87 untreated community-dwelling adults who recently initiated sobriety following longstanding high-risk drinking practices and alcohol-related problems (M = 16.58 years, SD = 10.95). Baseline interviews assessed pre-resolution drinking practices and problems, and behavioral economic (BE) measures of reward preferences (delay discounting, pre-resolution monetary allocation). Participants had IVR access for 24 weeks to report daily drinking and to hear weekly recovery-focused messages. RESULTS IVR use ranged from 0 to 100%. Frequent (n = 28), infrequent (n = 42), and non-caller (n = 17) groups were identified. Non-callers tended to be younger and to report heavier pre-resolution drinking. Frequent callers (≥ 70% of IVR days) tended to be older, male non-smokers with higher/stable socio-economic status and lower delay discounting compared to infrequent callers. Premature drop-out typically occurred fairly abruptly and was related to extended binge drinking. CONCLUSIONS Characteristics common in the untreated problem drinker population were associated with higher IVR utilization. This large under-served population segment can be targeted for lower intensity alcohol interventions using an IVR platform. PMID:22682100

  3. Problems and Resolutions in the Practice of Project Teaching in Higher Vocational Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sheng, Zhichong; Tan, Jianhua

    2011-01-01

    Recently, there has been a hot discussion on project teaching theory among many higher vocational schools; however the practice of project teaching is still in the beginning period. Hence, many problems appear in project lead. This paper aims to analyze the existing problems in the practice of project teaching and also raise some resolutions.

  4. The USDA high-resolution UV radiation network: maintenance, calibration, and data tools

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Beauharnois, Mark C.; Kiedron, Peter; Harrison, Lee

    2004-10-01

    The USDA UV radiation network currently consists of four high resolution spectroradiometers located at Table Mountain, Colorado (deployed 11/1998); the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement testbed site at Southern Great Plains, Oklahoma (deployed 10/1999); Beltsville, Maryland (deployed 11/1999); and Fort Collins, Colorado (deployed 10/2002). These spectroradiometers contain Jobin Yvon"s one meter asymmetric Czerny-Turner double additive spectrometer. The instruments measure total horizontal radiation in the 290nm to 360nm range, once every 30 minutes, with a nominal full-width at half-maximum (FWHM) of 0.1nm. We describe data quality control techniques as well as the data processing required to convert the raw data into calibrated irradiances. The radiometric calibration strategies using NIST FEL lamps, portable field calibrators, and vicarious calibrations using UVMFRSR data are discussed and a statistical summary of network performance is presented. All results are presented in the context of data processing and analysis tools including software and database systems.

  5. The synaptic maintenance problem: membrane recycling, Ca2+ homeostasis and late onset degeneration

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Most neurons are born with the potential to live for the entire lifespan of the organism. In addition, neurons are highly polarized cells with often long axons, extensively branched dendritic trees and many synaptic contacts. Longevity together with morphological complexity results in a formidable challenge to maintain synapses healthy and functional. This challenge is often evoked to explain adult-onset degeneration in numerous neurodegenerative disorders that result from otherwise divergent causes. However, comparably little is known about the basic cell biological mechanisms that keep normal synapses alive and functional in the first place. How the basic maintenance mechanisms are related to slow adult-onset degeneration in different diseasesis largely unclear. In this review we focus on two basic and interconnected cell biological mechanisms that are required for synaptic maintenance: endomembrane recycling and calcium (Ca2+) homeostasis. We propose that subtle defects in these homeostatic processes can lead to late onset synaptic degeneration. Moreover, the same basic mechanisms are hijacked, impaired or overstimulated in numerous neurodegenerative disorders. Understanding the pathogenesis of these disorders requires an understanding of both the initial cause of the disease and the on-going changes in basic maintenance mechanisms. Here we discuss the mechanisms that keep synapses functional over long periods of time with the emphasis on their role in slow adult-onset neurodegeneration. PMID:23829673

  6. Resolution Analysis for Experiment Planning of a Nonlinear Seafloor Acoustic Inverse Problem

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ganse, A. A.; Odom, R. I.

    2007-12-01

    Geoacoustic inversion is the estimation of physical properties of the ocean bottom as a continuous function of position (or depth) in the seafloor given acoustic receptions in the water column. It is closely related to marine reflection seismology but also has features of refraction seismology, and uses sonar equipment and less than ideal geometries because accurate scientific determination of the seafloor may not be the primary goal of the experiments. However, the authors show how a pre-measurement inverse theory resolution analysis can be used as part of experiment planning regarding sensor placement and ship tracks, such that a desire for an experimental configuration giving the most information in bottom inversion can be quantitatively balanced with that for other needs like tracking and communication. This nonlinear geoacoustic inverse problem is ill-posed, so that one can only estimate the continuous function of seafloor properties to a limited resolution. This limited resolution varies with experiment geometry, frequency, and other such factors, and can be quantified in either a frequentist or Bayesian framework. Given statistics of the measurement noise (but without any new measurements themselves), the resolution can be quantified exactly for a linear inverse problem, and compared between different experiment geometries. Nonlinear problems complicate this picture, but if the problem can be transformed into a weakly nonlinear form then the resolution may still be explored in an approximate sense and used as a tool in the planning phase. The ideal situation is when previous seafloor estimates exist for the same region in which a new experiment with new geometry and configuration is being planned. For the scenario without previous results, a somewhat more ad-hoc approach can still compare changes in resolution across different seafloor models. This presentation demonstrates the technique for a synthetic problem involving a single stationary source and a single vertical array, but the formulation can be adapted to virtually any other sensor configuration as well.

  7. Minisuperspace model of Machian resolution of Problem of Time. I. Isotropic case

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Anderson, Edward

    2014-05-01

    A local resolution to the Problem of Time that is Machian and was previously demonstrated for relational mechanics models is here shown to work for a more widely studied quantum cosmological model. I.e., closed isotropic minisuperspace GR with minimally coupled scalar field matter. This resolution uses work firstly along the lines of Barbour's at the classical level. Secondly, it uses a Machianized version of the semiclassical approach to quantum cosmology (the resolution given is not more than semiclassical). Finally, it uses a Machianized version of a combined semiclassical histories timeless records scheme along the lines of Halliwell's work. This program's goal is the treatment of inhomogeneous perturbations about the present paper's model. This draws both from this paper's minisuperspace work and from qualitative parallels with relational particle mechanics, since both have nontrivial notions of inhomogeneity/structure (clumping) as well as nontrivial linear constraints.

  8. Complete Resolution of Neuroendocrine Tumor Soft Tissue Metastases After 177Lu DOTATATE PRRT Induction and Maintenance Therapy.

    PubMed

    Makis, William; McCann, Karey; Buteau, Francois A; McEwan, Alexander J B

    2015-08-01

    A 60-year-old woman diagnosed with a well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumor metastatic to the liver and lymph nodes was treated with 4 induction cycles and 2 maintenance cycles of (177)Lu [DOTA,(0)Tyr(3)]octreotate (DOTATATE) peptide receptor radionuclide therapy. Her posttreatment imaging showed partial response after 4 induction cycles and complete response after 2 additional maintenance cycles. This case highlights the need for further research into maintenance (177)Lu DOTATATE therapy to improve outcomes in neuroendocrine tumor patients. PMID:25546219

  9. Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) Battery Operations Problem Resolution Team (PRT)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Keys, Denney J.

    2010-01-01

    The NASA Technical Discipline Fellow for Electrical Power, was requested to form a Problem Resolution Team (PRT) to help assess the health of the flight battery that is currently operating aboard NASA's Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) and provide recommendations for battery operations to mitigate the risk of impacting science operations for the rest of the mission. This report contains the outcome of the PRT's assessment.

  10. Divergence identities in curved space-time a resolution of the stress-energy problem

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yilmaz, Hüseyin

    1989-03-01

    It is noted that the joint use of two basic differential identities in curved space-time, namely, 1) the Einstein-Hilbert identity (1915), and 2) the identity of P. Freud (1939), permits a viable alternative to general relativity and a resolution of the "field stress-energy" problem of the gravitational theory. (A tribute to Eugene P. Wigner's 1957 presidential address to the APS)

  11. Preventive maintenance. 'Problem recognition style' can be used to segment the market and promote healthier lifestyles.

    PubMed

    Jayanti, R K

    1997-01-01

    Problem recognition styles--desired state types (DSTs) and actual state types (ASTs)--have an effect on preventive health care decision making. Segmenting the market along these lines can help marketers position products and services to educate and attract people who will not see a doctor unless there is something wrong with them. Both groups expect the same benefits from preventive health care actions, but ASTs fail to act on those expectations. Therefore, marketing strategy touting the benefits of preventive health care might be futile. Educational promotional campaigns aimed at both DSTs and ASTs also are wasteful because DSTs already possess much health knowledge, lead wellness-oriented lifestyles, and practice preventive health behaviors. PMID:10169031

  12. Joint application of AI techniques, PRA and disturbance analysis methodology to problems in the maintenance and design of nuclear power plants. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Okrent, D.

    1989-03-01

    This final report summarizes the accomplishments of a two year research project entitled ``Joint Application of Artificial Intelligence Techniques, Probabilistic Risk Analysis, and Disturbance Analysis Methodology to Problems in the Maintenance and Design of Nuclear Power Plants. The objective of this project is to develop and apply appropriate combinations of techniques from artificial intelligence, (AI), reliability and risk analysis and disturbance analysis to well-defined programmatic problems of nuclear power plants. Reactor operations issues were added to those of design and maintenance as the project progressed.

  13. Joint application of AI techniques, PRA and disturbance analysis methodology to problems in the maintenance and design of nuclear power plants

    SciTech Connect

    Okrent, D.

    1989-03-01

    This final report summarizes the accomplishments of a two year research project entitled Joint Application of Artificial Intelligence Techniques, Probabilistic Risk Analysis, and Disturbance Analysis Methodology to Problems in the Maintenance and Design of Nuclear Power Plants. The objective of this project is to develop and apply appropriate combinations of techniques from artificial intelligence, (AI), reliability and risk analysis and disturbance analysis to well-defined programmatic problems of nuclear power plants. Reactor operations issues were added to those of design and maintenance as the project progressed.

  14. Coping with Deferred Maintenance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Suber, L. Terry

    1982-01-01

    The deferred maintenance problem on college and university campuses is addressed. Deferred maintenance refers to larger or more expansive maintenance work that can be delayed and is not performed when needed or reported, usually because its cost is beyond the annual maintenance and operating budget of the physical plant department. Eventually…

  15. Social environmental influences on the development and resolution of alcohol problems.

    PubMed

    McCrady, Barbara S; Zucker, Robert A; Molina, Brooke S G; Ammon, Lyndsay; Ames, Genevieve M; Longabaugh, Richard

    2006-04-01

    This article summarizes the proceedings of a symposium presented at the 2005 Annual Meeting of the Research Society on Alcoholism, Santa Barbara, California, June 25-30. The overall goal of the symposium was to consider the broad impact of the social environment on the development of and successful or unsuccessful resolution of drinking problems. The presentations addressed multiple social environmental influences including: the influence of children on parents (Dr. Zucker), the influence of peers and parents on adolescents (Dr. Molina), the influence of family members on adult drinking (Dr. McCrady), the influence of adult peers/friends (Dr. Kaskutas), and the influence of the occupational environment (Dr. Ames). Dr. Longabaugh, the symposium discussant, addressed models for understanding the relationships between social influences and drinking problems. PMID:16573588

  16. Social Environmental Influences on the Development and Resolution of Alcohol Problems

    PubMed Central

    McCrady, Barbara S.; Zucker, Robert A.; Molina, Brooke S. G.; Ammon, Lyndsay; Ames, Genevieve M.; Longabaugh, Richard

    2006-01-01

    This article summarizes the proceedings of a symposium presented at the 2005 Annual Meeting of the Research Society on Alcoholism, Santa Barbara, California, June 25–30. The overall goal of the symposium was to consider the broad impact of the social environment on the development of and successful or unsuccessful resolution of drinking problems. The presentations addressed multiple social environmental influences including: the influence of children on parents (Dr. Zucker), the influence of peers and parents on adolescents (Dr. Molina), the influence of family members on adult drinking (Dr. McCrady), the influence of adult peers/friends (Dr. Kaskutas), and the influence of the occupational environment (Dr. Ames). Dr. Longabaugh, the symposium discussant, addressed models for understanding the relationships between social influences and drinking problems. PMID:16573588

  17. Applications of shallow high-resolution seismic reflection to various environmental problems

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Miller, R.D.; Steeples, D.W.

    1994-01-01

    Shallow seismic reflection has been successfully applied to environmental problems in a variety of geologic settings. Increased dynamic range of recording equipment and decreased cost of processing hardware and software have made seismic reflection a cost-effective means of imaging shallow geologic targets. Seismic data possess sufficient resolution in many areas to detect faulting with displacement of less than 3 m and beds as thin as 1 m. We have detected reflections from depths as shallow as 2 m. Subsurface voids associated with abandoned coal mines at depths of less than 20 m can be detected and mapped. Seismic reflection has been successful in mapping disturbed subsurface associated with dissolution mining of salt. A graben detected and traced by seismic reflection was shown to be a preferential pathway for leachate leaking from a chemical storage pond. As shown by these case histories, shallow high-resolution seismic reflection has the potential to significantly enhance the economics and efficiency of preventing and/or solving many environmental problems. ?? 1994.

  18. Applications of shallow high-resolution seismic reflection to various environmental problems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Miller, Richard D.; Steeples, Don W.

    1994-02-01

    Shallow seismic reflection has been successfully applied to environmental problems in a variety of geologic settings. Increased dynamic range of recording equipment and decreased cost of processing hardware and software have made seismic reflection a cost-effective means of imaging shallow geologic targets. Seismic data possess sufficient resolution in many areas to detect faulting with displacement of less than 3 m and beds as thin as 1 m. We have detected reflections from depths as shallow as 2 m. Subsurface voids associated with abandoned coal mines at depths of less than 20 m can be detected and mapped. Seismic reflection has been successful in mapping disturbed subsurface associated with dissolution mining of salt. A graben detected and traced by seismic reflection was shown to be a preferential pathway for leachate leaking from a chemical storage pond. As shown by these case histories, shallow high-resolution seismic reflection has the potential to significantly enhance the economics and efficiency of preventing and/or solving many environmental problems.

  19. An evaluation of independent consumer assistance centers on problem resolution and user satisfaction: the consumer perspective.

    PubMed

    Nascimento, Lori Miller; Cousineau, Michael R

    2005-04-01

    Individuals who wish to receive independent assistance to resolve access to care health problems have limited options. The Health Consumer Alliance (HCA) is an independent, coordinated effort of nine legal services organizations that provide free assistance to low-income health consumers in 10 California counties. The need for the HCA stems from the vast number of health consumers with unanswered questions and unresolved problems relating to access to care issues, among both insured and uninsured populations. However, little is known about the effectiveness of independent consumer assistance centers. This paper examines the effectiveness of a network of independent consumer assistance programs in resolving consumer problems and consumers' level of satisfaction with services received. As the project evaluators, we conducted telephone surveys with 1,291 users of the HCA to assess if this independent program resolved consumer problems, and to measure the level of satisfaction among HCA users. Specifically, we asked questions about the HCA's influence on problem resolution, consumer satisfaction, health insurance status and use of preventive care services. From 1997 to 2001, more than 46,000 consumers contacted the seven health consumer centers (HCCs). According to our sample of respondents, results show that the HCCs are an important resource for low-income Californians trying to access health care. After contacting the HCCs, 62 percent of the participants report that their problems were resolved. In addition, 87 percent of the participants said the HCCs were helpful and 95 percent said they would be likely to contact the HCC again if necessary. PMID:15810563

  20. Problems and process of identity maintenance in the anti-nuclear movement in America: a qualitative analysis

    SciTech Connect

    Tate, D.D.

    1982-01-01

    These strategic and tactical problems are examined within two basic areas of concern: (1) external public relations and (2) internal membership identify. This study contributes to the resource-mobilization perspective by theoretically reducing the significant variables of concern to external and internal identity maintenance and by stressing the constant dilemma between the structure of the movement and the actual process by which this structure is carried out. It is based on a social psychological analysis in which the dynamics of social movements is viewed both externally and internally in relation to the movement structure and process. The Sunbelt Alliance anti-nuclear group of Oklahoma is used as the empirical example. The research methodology consists of a series of focused personal interviews. The Sunbelt Alliance anti-nuclear organization experienced a dilemma resulting from the tension between external and internal contingencies. The promotion of cooperative interdependence based on member cohesiveness within the group suffered because of the inability of the organization to maintain consistent agreement concerning external targets. The structure of the group, or its goals and ideology, was not consistently reflected in its process. Disagreement over external priorities eventually reduced internal solidarity, and the organization dissolved.

  1. Common ``unique'' cavity wall flashing problems: Mistakes frequently made, their resolution, and presentations from case histories

    SciTech Connect

    Wilson, M.D.

    1999-07-01

    Building design drawings for masonry cavity wall construction generally attempt to contain most of the information needed to instruct the construction team on the types and placement of wall flashings. Some unique, low frequency conditions are often not described in detail in the drawings, and reliance is placed on the contractors to detail and install these unique flashing areas for watertight performance, using the concepts shown in the drawings for other areas. Frequently the resulting installation does not perform well, and leakage and disputes result. Sometimes subcontractor trades do not realize or anticipate how their work interfaces with another trade. Masonry flashings that are possibly installed in a water-tight and well-performing manner can be damaged by other trades who do not realize the damage being caused, and the resulting combination leaks. One example is the manner in which window heads are sometimes anchored or fastened to the underside of steel shelf angles which support brick masonry veneer above. This paper will discuss several examples of common leakage problems in masonry cavity wall construction, attributed to the above two concepts. The resolution of the problems, performed in recent case histories, will be presented, with suggestions for changes in original design drawings to help prevent the problems.

  2. The Effects of Dissipation and Coarse Grid Resolution for Multigrid in Flow Problems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Eliasson, Peter; Engquist, Bjoern

    1996-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to investigate the effects of the numerical dissipation and the resolution of the solution on coarser grids for multigrid with the Euler equation approximations. The convergence is accomplished by multi-stage explicit time-stepping to steady state accelerated by FAS multigrid. A theoretical investigation is carried out for linear hyperbolic equations in one and two dimensions. The spectra reveals that for stability and hence robustness of spatial discretizations with a small amount of numerical dissipation the grid transfer operators have to be accurate enough and the smoother of low temporal accuracy. Numerical results give grid independent convergence in one dimension. For two-dimensional problems with a small amount of numerical dissipation, however, only a few grid levels contribute to an increased speed of convergence. This is explained by the small numerical dissipation leading to dispersion. Increasing the mesh density and hence making the problem over resolved increases the number of mesh levels contributing to an increased speed of convergence. If the steady state equations are elliptic, all grid levels contribute to the convergence regardless of the mesh density.

  3. Application of CFD Analysis to Design Support and Problem Resolution for ASRM and RSRM

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dill, Richard A.; Whitesides, R. Harold

    1993-01-01

    The use of Navier-Stokes CFD codes to predict the internal flow field environment in a solid rocket motor is a very important analysis element during the design phase of a motor development program. These computational flow field solutions uncover a variety of potential problems associated with motor performance as well as suggesting solutions to these problems. CFD codes have also proven to be of great benefit in explaining problems associated with operational motors such as in the case of the pressure spike problem with the STS-54B flight motor. This paper presents results from analyses involving both motor design support and problem resolution. The issues discussed include the fluid dynamic/mechanical stress coupling at field joints relative to significant propellant deformations, the prediction of axial and radial pressure gradients in the motor associated with motor performance and propellant mechanical loading, the prediction of transition of the internal flow in the motor associated with erosive burning, the accumulation of slag at the field joints and in the submerged nozzle region, impingement of flow on the nozzle nose, and pressure gradients in the nozzle region of the motor. The analyses presented in this paper have been performed using a two-dimensional axisymmetric model. Fluent/BFC, a three dimensional Navier-Stokes flow field code, has been used to make the numerical calculations. This code utilizes a staggered grid formulation along with the SIMPLER numerical pressure-velocity coupling algorithm. Wall functions are used to represent the character of the viscous sub-layer flow, and an adjusted k-epsilon turbulence model especially configured for mass injection internal flows, is used to model the growth of turbulence in the motor port. Conclusions discussed in this paper consider flow field effects on the forward, center, and aft propellant grains except for the head end star grain region of the forward propellant segment. The field joints and the submerged nozzle are discussed as well. Conclusions relative to both the design evaluation of the ASRM and the RSRM scenarios explaining the pressure spikes were based on the flow field solutions presented in this paper.

  4. Defer Maintenance, Invite Disaster

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowman, William W.

    1977-01-01

    An AGB- and NACUBO-sponsored survey showed that "wish lists" are accumulating overdue major maintenance projects because energy costs are consuming physical plant budgets. Problem areas are discussed: budget "guesstimation," preventive maintenance, deferred maintenance inventory, the APPA accounting format, resource allocation, and inflation.…

  5. GUIDELINES FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF AN ADVANCED OUTAGE CONTROL CENTER TO IMPROVE OUTAGE COORDINATION, PROBLEM RESOLUTION, AND OUTAGE RISK MANAGEMENT

    SciTech Connect

    Germain, Shawn St; Farris, Ronald; Whaley, April M; Medema, Heather; Gertman, David

    2014-09-01

    This research effort is a part of the Light-Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS) Program, which is a research and development (R&D) program sponsored by Department of Energy (DOE) and performed in close collaboration with industry R&D programs that provide the technical foundations for licensing and managing the long-term, safe, and economical operation of current nuclear power plants. The LWRS program serves to help the U.S. nuclear industry adopt new technologies and engineering solutions that facilitate the continued safe operation of the plants and extension of the current operating licenses. Managing NPP outages is a complex and difficult task due to the large number of maintenance and repair activities that are accomplished in a short period of time. During an outage, the outage control center (OCC) is the temporary command center for outage managers and provides several critical functions for the successful execution of the outage schedule. Essentially, the OCC functions to facilitate information inflow, assist outage management in processing information, and to facilitate the dissemination of information to stakeholders. Currently, outage management activities primarily rely on telephone communication, face to face reports of status, and periodic briefings in the OCC. It is a difficult task to maintain current the information related to outage progress and discovered conditions. Several advanced communication and collaboration technologies have shown promise for facilitating the information flow into, across, and out of the OCC. The use of these technologies will allow information to be shared electronically, providing greater amounts of real-time information to the decision makers and allowing OCC coordinators to meet with supporting staff remotely. Passively monitoring status electronically through advances in the areas of mobile worker technologies, computer-based procedures, and automated work packages will reduce the current reliance on manually reporting progress. The use of these technologies will also improve the knowledge capture and management capabilities of the organization. The purpose of this research is to improve management of NPP outages through the development of an advanced outage control center (AOCC) that is specifically designed to maximize the usefulness of communication and collaboration technologies for outage coordination and problem resolution activities. This technical report for industry implementation outlines methods and considerations for the establishment of an AOCC. This report provides a process for implementation of a change management plan, evaluation of current outage processes, the selection of technology, and guidance for the implementation of the selected technology. Methods are presented for both adoption of technologies within an existing OCC and for a complete OCC replacement, including human factors considerations for OCC design and setup.

  6. Cryogenics maintenance strategy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cruzat, Fabiola

    2012-09-01

    ALMA is an interferometer composed of 66 independent systems, with specific maintenance requirements for each subsystem. To optimize the observation time and reduce downtime maintenance, requirements are very demanding. One subsystem with high maintenance efforts is cryogenics and vacuum. To organize the maintenance, the Cryogenic and Vacuum department is using and implementing different tools. These are monitoring and problem reporting systems and CMMS. This leads to different maintenance approaches: Preventive Maintenance, Corrective Maintenance and Condition Based Maintenance. In order to coordinate activities with other departments the preventive maintenance schedule is kept as flexible as systems allow. To cope with unavoidable failures, the team has to be prepared to work under any condition with the spares on time. Computerized maintenance management system (CMMS) will help to manage inventory control for reliable spare part handling, the correct record of work orders and traceability of maintenance activities. For an optimized approach the department is currently evaluating where preventive or condition based maintenance applies to comply with the individual system demand. Considering the change from maintenance contracts to in-house maintenance will help to minimize costs and increase availability of parts. Due to increased number of system and tasks the cryo team needs to grow. Training of all staff members is mandatory, in depth knowledge must be built up by doing complex maintenance activities in the Cryo group, use of advanced computerized metrology systems.

  7. Sumoylation and the Structural Maintenance of Chromosomes (Smc) 5/6 Complex Slow Senescence through Recombination Intermediate Resolution*

    PubMed Central

    Chavez, Alejandro; George, Vanessa; Agrawal, Vishesh; Johnson, F. Brad

    2010-01-01

    Telomeres are repetitive nucleoprotein structures that cap the ends of chromosomes. Without telomerase, telomeres shorten with replication and eventually signal cell cycle arrest (cell senescence). Homologous recombination (HR)-based mechanisms slow senescence, and distinct HR mechanisms support the growth of the rare survivors of senescence. Here, we report novel roles for the post-translational modification of small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) in regulating the rate of senescence in Saccharomyces cerevisiae telomerase mutants. We identify Mms21 as the relevant SUMO E3 ligase and demonstrate that cells lacking Mms21-dependent sumoylation accumulate HR intermediates selectively at telomeres during senescence. One target of Mms21-dependent sumoylation is the cohesin- and condensin-related Smc5-Smc6 complex (Smc5/6). We show that hypomorphic smc5 or smc6 alleles exhibit phenotypes similar to mms21 sumoylation-deficient mutants with regard to senescence and the accumulation of unresolved HR intermediates. Further, we provide evidence that Mms21 and Smc5/6 prevent aberrant recombination between sister telomeres and also globally facilitate resolution of sister chromatid HR intermediates. PMID:20159973

  8. Problem of mixtures with known compositions and IRONFLEA method for multivariate curve resolution.

    PubMed

    Zyrianov, Yegor

    2007-10-17

    A special case of gray spectral data systems [(a) F.-T. Chau, Y.-Z. Liang, J. Gao, X.-G. Shao (Eds.), Chemometrics: From Basics to Wavelet Transform, Chemical Analysis Series, vol. 164, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2004; (b) Y.Z. Liang, O.M. Kvalheim, R. Manne, Chemom. Intell. Lab. Syst. 18 (1993) 235-250] is discussed here and the least-squares method for the multivariate curve resolution (MCR) named IRONFLEA is proposed. The system under consideration is the bilinear spectral data of the samples with known chemical compositions and unknown concentration matrix. If the spectra of samples (A(i)) and (Q+A(i)) (i = 1, ..., n, n > or = 2) are available, then the spectrum and the concentrations of Q could be found and the solution is unique. A practical chemical model for this problem could be mixtures, polymers, peptides, oligosaccharides, or supramolecular formations made of a limited number of monomeric components. In the cases of polymeric or oligomeric samples the spectral contributions and the concentrations of the particular monomeric units are extracted. The method is capable of extracting chemically meaningful spectra of components. The method is implemented in SAS IML code and tested for the deconvolution of spectra of polymers made of styrene derivatives with known monomeric compositions [(a) H. Fenniri, L. Ding, A.E. Ribbe, Y. Zyrianov, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 123 (2001) 8151-8152; (b) H. Fenniri, S. Chun, L. Ding, Y. Zyrianov, K. Hallenga, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125 (2003) 10546-10560]. The method performs calculations fast enough to allow the incorporation of leave-one-out outlier removal procedure. PMID:17936106

  9. The Application of High-Resolution Electron Microscopy to Problems in Solid State Chemistry: The Exploits of a Peeping TEM.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eyring, LeRoy

    1980-01-01

    Describes methods for using the high-resolution electron microscope in conjunction with other tools to reveal the identity and environment of atoms. Problems discussed include the ultimate structure of real crystalline solids including defect structure and the mechanisms of chemical reactions. (CS)

  10. Inhibitory Control Is Needed for the Resolution of Arithmetic Word Problems: A Developmental Negative Priming Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lubin, Amélie; Vidal, Julie; Lanoë, Céline; Houdé, Olivier; Borst, Grégoire

    2013-01-01

    Solving simple arithmetic word problems is a major ability that children must acquire throughout the primary-grade mathematics curriculum. However, this skill is often challenging for them. For instance, "unknown referent problems" are more difficult to solve than "unknown compare problems." In unknown compare problems, the…

  11. An overview of the installation, operation, maintenance, and problems associated with electrical submersible pump system in Central Sumatra, Indonesia

    SciTech Connect

    Tabe, F.L.L.

    1984-09-01

    P.T. Caltex Pacific Indonesia, operating under a Production Sharing Contract with Pertamina, the State Oil Company of Indonesia, has a production capacity in excess of 750,000 BOPD (119,240m/sup 3/). The company's operations are mainly centered in Riau Province in Central Sumatra, an area of virgin tropical rain forests and is relatively quite under developed. The company has in excess of 1000 electrical submersible pumping units in operation to provide the major method of artificial lift for its operations. All aspects of the provision of electric power and the installation, operation and maintenance of the electric submersible pumping units are conducted by company personnel.

  12. The Effect of Conflict Resolution Training on Children’s Behavioral Problems in Shiraz, Southern Iran: A Randomized Controlled Trial

    PubMed Central

    Soleimani, Sara; Sharif, Farkhondeh; Mani, Arash; Keshavarzi, Sareh

    2014-01-01

    Background: There is evidence that marital problems can contribute to child behavior problems. In fact, the way that parents solve their conflicts, such as aggression, physical violence, and poor communication skills, can eventually culminate in aggression and emotional problems in children. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of conflict resolution training on children’s behavioral problems in a sample of Iranian couples. Methods: This randomized controlled trial study was carried out on the couples who referred to counseling centers in Shiraz, Iran. In this study, 56 couples were selected through convenience sampling and assigned to an intervention and a control group. The intervention group received 10 sessions of communication skills training. All the participants filled out conflict resolution questionnaire and Child Behavior Problem Checklist (CBCL). To analyze the data we used the SPSS statistical software (version 16), using repeated measurement test, paired t-test, and independent t test. Results: In this study, no statistically significant differences were found between the two groups regarding the demographic characteristics. Also, no significant difference was observed between the two groups regarding the mean score of child behavior problems. Besides, a significant difference was found in the intervention group’s mean score of marital conflict in post-test compared to the pre-test; however, no such trend was observed in the control group. Conclusion: Conflict resolution skill training was effective in reducing marital conflict. Also, it showed a slight reduction in the score of child behavior problems after the intervention. But this reduction wasn’t statisticaly significant. Trial Registration Number: IRCT201109112812N2 PMID:25349861

  13. Resolution of a linear and a nonlinear inverse problem in magnetostatics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bégot, S.; Artioukhine, E.; Hiebel, P.; Kauffmann, J. M.

    2002-08-01

    This paper deals with the solution of inverse problems in magnetostatics. The cases the authors have broached are finding the current density or positions of air coils on the basis of magnetic field measurements. These problems are ill-posed, so regularization techniques are needed. The authors discuss the main iterative regularization principles, and the stability issues of these inverse problems. This method is applied to MRI magnets. Numerical results are presented.

  14. Resolution Strategies for the Finite-Element-Based Solution of the ECG Inverse Problem

    PubMed Central

    Kirby, Robert M.; Johnson, Chris R.

    2010-01-01

    Successful employment of numerical techniques for the solution of forward and inverse ECG problems requires the ability to both quantify and minimize approximation errors introduced as part of the discretization process. Our objective is to develop discretization and refinement strategies involving hybrid-shaped finite elements so as to minimize approximation errors for the ECG inverse problem. We examine both the ill-posedness of the mathematical inverse problem and the ill-conditioning of the discretized system in order to propose strategies specifically designed for the ECG inverse problem. We demonstrate that previous discretization and approximation strategies may worsen the properties of the inverse problem approximation. We then demonstrate the efficacy of our strategies on both a simplified and a realistic 2-D torso model. PMID:19535314

  15. Is the Resolution Style "Exiting Statements" Related to Adolescent Problem Behavior?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wijsbroek, Saskia A. M.; Hale, William W., III; Van Doorn, Muriel D.; Raaijmakers, Quinten A. W.; Meeus, Wim H. J.

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the association between the adolescents' conflict resolution style "exiting statements" (i.e., the expression of the adolescent' desire to minimize or end the contact with his or her parents) in parent-adolescent conflicts with self-rated adolescent GAD symptoms and delinquency symptoms of 1313 adolescents. A multi-group,…

  16. Extended Subject Access to Hypertext Online Documentation. Parts I and II: The Search-Support and Maintenance Problems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Girill, T. R.; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Describes enhancements made to a hypertext information retrieval system at the National Energy Research Supercomputer Center (NERSC) called DFT (Document, Find, and Theseus). The enrichment of DFT's entry vocabulary is described, DFT and other hypertext systems are compared, and problems that occur due to the need for frequent updates are…

  17. A Geographer's Perspective of Contemporary Problems and Human Survival: An Introductory Course in Human Geography and Motorcycle Maintenance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McConnell, James E.

    The scientific community needs to reappraise its actions and become concerned with the real world problems that threaten existence in society. These include world poverty, starvation, and declining quality of life. Geographers need to develop greater concern resulting in evaluating their research, curricula, educational goals and course content in…

  18. Promoting Health by Addressing Basic Needs: Effect of Problem Resolution on Contacting Health Referrals.

    PubMed

    Thompson, Tess; Kreuter, Matthew W; Boyum, Sonia

    2016-04-01

    Members of vulnerable populations have heightened needs for health services. One advantage of integrating health risk assessment and referrals into social service assistance systems such as 2-1-1 is that such systems help callers resolve problems in other areas (e.g., housing). Callers to 2-1-1 in Missouri (N= 1,090) with at least one behavioral risk factor or cancer screening need were randomly assigned to one of three health referral interventions: verbal referrals only, verbal referrals + a tailored mailed reminder, or verbal referrals + telephone health navigator. After 1 month, we assessed whether the nonhealth problems that prompted the 2-1-1 call had been resolved. Logistic regression estimated effects of having the problem resolved on calling a health referral. Callers were predominantly female (85%) and had a high school education or less (61%); nearly half (47%) had incomes under $10,000. The most common service requests were for utility assistance (35%), home/family problems (23%), and rent/mortgage assistance (12%). At follow-up, 38% of callers reported that all problems prompting their 2-1-1 call had been resolved, and 24% reported calling a health referral. Resolving all problems prompting the 2-1-1 call was associated with a higher odds of contacting a health referral (odds ratio = 1.44, 95% confidence interval [1.02, 2.05]) compared to people whose problems were not resolved. Multifaceted interventions that help meet non-health-related needs and provide support in reaching health-related goals may promote health in vulnerable populations. PMID:26293458

  19. Perceived competency and resolution of homelessness among women with substance abuse problems.

    PubMed

    Finfgeld-Connett, Deborah; Bloom, Tina L; Johnson, E Diane

    2012-03-01

    Using a metasynthesis approach, our aim was to articulate new insights relating to the most efficient and effective means of helping homeless women with substance abuse problems to enhance their well-being and become more stably housed. Distorted perceptions of competency, which are shaped by dysfunctional relationships and mental health problems, make it challenging for women with substance abuse problems to resolve homelessness. Women with particularly low or high levels of perceived competency tend to grapple with challenges related to structure and control, trust, and hopelessness. Therapeutic strategies for approaching these women include careful assessment, caring, personalized structure and control, development of interpersonal trust, instillation of hope, and the targeted use of psychotherapeutic agents and counseling. Framing care for homeless women within the context of perceived competency offers a new way of understanding their plight and shaping interventions to more expeditiously move them toward healthy and stable lives. PMID:21890717

  20. Compound classification by computer treatment of low resolution mass spectra - Application to geochemical and environmental problems.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Smith, D. H.; Eglinton, G.

    1972-01-01

    A description is given of a development of computer analysis of low-resolution chromatographic-mass spectrometric data, which provides a preliminary classification of an unknown spectrum as a listing of candidate classes of compounds. This procedure, referred to as COMSOC (Classification of Mass Spectra on Computers), operates by converting an incoming unknown mass spectrum into a simplified key word which is then compared with each of the key words held in its reference file. The advantages of COMSOC in characterizing complex mixtures are emphasized.

  1. Problem of the radiovision system resolution improvement in millimeter-wave range

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pirogov, Yuri A.; Attia, Magdy F.; Blankson, Isaiah M.; Dubina, Andrey I.; Gladun, Valeri V.; Papanicolopoulos, C. D.; Terentiev, Evgeni N.; Tarasova, Oksana A.

    1999-07-01

    At the Faculty of Physics of Moscow State University experimental researches of the working radiovision systems on the base of phased antenna array and radio optical systems with the sensors rules are carried out. Since 1980 the system of Sun radio observation in 3-mm wavelength range created by the specialists of Bauman Moscow State Technical University is exploited. Investigations in the mathematical modeling of image formation systems in wide wavelength range with different receiving schemes and with distortion compensation task solution and super-resolution are conducted by mathematician and physicists.

  2. Response to Contradiction: Conflict Resolution Strategies Used by Students in Solving Problems of Chemical Equilibrium.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Niaz, Mansoor

    2001-01-01

    Illustrates how a novel problem of chemical equilibrium based on a closely related sequence of items can facilitate students' conceptual understanding. Students were presented with a chemical reaction in equilibrium to which a reactant was added as an external effect. Three studies were conducted to assess alternative conceptions. (Author/SAH)

  3. Promoting Health by Addressing Basic Needs: Effect of Problem Resolution on Contacting Health Referrals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Tess; Kreuter, Matthew W.; Boyum, Sonia

    2016-01-01

    Members of vulnerable populations have heightened needs for health services. One advantage of integrating health risk assessment and referrals into social service assistance systems such as 2-1-1 is that such systems help callers resolve problems in other areas (e.g., housing). Callers to 2-1-1 in Missouri (N = 1,090) with at least one behavioral…

  4. Resolution of Transference Problems in Structural Therapy of Single-Parent Families by a Male Therapist.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shulman, Shmuel; Klein, Moshe Morris

    1984-01-01

    Suggests that treatment of single-parent families by a male therapist may arouse transference problems. Structural family therapy is recommended to restructure the single-parent family to enhance its ability to function independently without an outside male authority figure. Working through the termination process is also an important stage. (JAC)

  5. Selection and Resolution of Function Problems and Their Effects on Student Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bayazit, Ibrahim

    2011-01-01

    This paper examines two experienced Turkish teachers', Ahmet and Burak, selection and implementation of function problems and relates this to the quality of their students' understanding of this notion. The research findings indicate that regardless of the task quality Ahmet engages, through process-oriented teaching, his students with the notion…

  6. Proactive maintenance initiatives at Argonne National Laboratory-West

    SciTech Connect

    Duckwitz, N.R.; Duncan, L.W.; Whipple, J.J.

    1995-06-01

    In the late 1980`s, ANL-W Management foresaw a need to provide dedicated technical support for maintenance supervisors. Maintenance supervisors were facing increased challenges to ensure all environmental, safety, and waste management regulations were followed in daily maintenance activities. This increased burden was diverting supervisory time away from on-the-job supervision. Supervisors were finding less time for their ``mentor`` roles to ensure maintenance focused on finding and correcting root causes. Additionally the traditional maintenance organization could not keep up with the explosion in predictive maintenance technologies. As a result, engineers were tasked to provide direct technical support to the maintenance organization. Today the maintenance technical support group consists of two mechanical engineers, two electrical engineers and an I&C engineer. The group provides a readily available, quick response resource for crafts people and their supervisors. They can and frequently do ask the support group for help to determine the root cause and to effect permanent fixes. Crafts and engineers work together informally to make an effective maintenance team. In addition to day-to-day problem solving, the technical support group has established several maintenance improvement programs for the site. This includes vibration analysis of rotating machinery, testing of fuel for emergency diesel generators, improving techniques for testing of high efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filters, and capacity testing of UPS and emergency diesel starting batteries. These programs have increased equipment reliability, reduced conventional routine maintenance, reduced unexpected maintenance, and improved testing accuracy. This paper will discuss the interaction of the technical support group within the maintenance department. Additionally the maintenance improvement programs will be presented along with actual cases encountered, the resolutions and lessons learned.

  7. Jefferson Laboratory: Maintenance overview

    SciTech Connect

    Steve F.Suhring

    1998-05-01

    Maintenance, repair, and upgrades to the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, a DOE laboratory located in Newport News, VA, USA, is based upon a two-week run cycle followed by a one-shift maintenance period. The rationale for this approach will be presented including a brief look at the maintenance funding, support staff, and beam availability. Means for improving the machine will be presented including record keeping of downtime, compilation of data, dissemination of findings, and allocation of resources. Maintenance problems facing Jefferson Lab will be presented.

  8. Beam alignment and related problems of spherical aberration corrected high-resolution TEM images.

    PubMed

    Hu, J; Tanaka, N

    2000-01-01

    For spherical aberration corrected transmission electron microscopes recently developed, the Scherzer resolution in proportion to C(s) 1/4 lambda 3/4 is still inevitably limited by the influence of some other electron optical factors, such as chromatic aberration coefficient of objective lens (C(c)), beam divergence and alignment, incident electron energy spread (deltaE), and the instability of accelerating voltage (deltaV) and of lens current (deltaI). Depending on the image resolution guaranteed by C(s) correction, the defocus spread caused by C(c), deltaV, deltaI and deltaE would need to be reduced. The effect of beam alignment as a phase shift in contrast transfer function is also studied for the C(s) corrected microscopes with different values of C(s), defocus and spatial frequency. There is a relationship between the phase shift and defocus that allows us to find a series of 'alignment-free' focal conditions. A triangular relation among C(s), defocus and lattice spacing is established for proper image contrast and 'alignment-free' imaging with the C(s) corrected microscope. PMID:11110471

  9. Multi-resolution Shape Analysis via Non-Euclidean Wavelets: Applications to Mesh Segmentation and Surface Alignment Problems.

    PubMed

    Kim, Won Hwa; Chung, Moo K; Singh, Vikas

    2013-01-01

    The analysis of 3-D shape meshes is a fundamental problem in computer vision, graphics, and medical imaging. Frequently, the needs of the application require that our analysis take a multi-resolution view of the shape's local and global topology, and that the solution is consistent across multiple scales. Unfortunately, the preferred mathematical construct which offers this behavior in classical image/signal processing, Wavelets, is no longer applicable in this general setting (data with non-uniform topology). In particular, the traditional definition does not allow writing out an expansion for graphs that do not correspond to the uniformly sampled lattice (e.g., images). In this paper, we adapt recent results in harmonic analysis, to derive Non-Euclidean Wavelets based algorithms for a range of shape analysis problems in vision and medical imaging. We show how descriptors derived from the dual domain representation offer native multi-resolution behavior for characterizing local/global topology around vertices. With only minor modifications, the framework yields a method for extracting interest/key points from shapes, a surprisingly simple algorithm for 3-D shape segmentation (competitive with state of the art), and a method for surface alignment (without landmarks). We give an extensive set of comparison results on a large shape segmentation benchmark and derive a uniqueness theorem for the surface alignment problem. PMID:24390194

  10. Multi-resolution Shape Analysis via Non-Euclidean Wavelets: Applications to Mesh Segmentation and Surface Alignment Problems

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Won Hwa; Chung, Moo K.; Singh, Vikas

    2013-01-01

    The analysis of 3-D shape meshes is a fundamental problem in computer vision, graphics, and medical imaging. Frequently, the needs of the application require that our analysis take a multi-resolution view of the shape’s local and global topology, and that the solution is consistent across multiple scales. Unfortunately, the preferred mathematical construct which offers this behavior in classical image/signal processing, Wavelets, is no longer applicable in this general setting (data with non-uniform topology). In particular, the traditional definition does not allow writing out an expansion for graphs that do not correspond to the uniformly sampled lattice (e.g., images). In this paper, we adapt recent results in harmonic analysis, to derive Non-Euclidean Wavelets based algorithms for a range of shape analysis problems in vision and medical imaging. We show how descriptors derived from the dual domain representation offer native multi-resolution behavior for characterizing local/global topology around vertices. With only minor modifications, the framework yields a method for extracting interest/key points from shapes, a surprisingly simple algorithm for 3-D shape segmentation (competitive with state of the art), and a method for surface alignment (without landmarks). We give an extensive set of comparison results on a large shape segmentation benchmark and derive a uniqueness theorem for the surface alignment problem. PMID:24390194

  11. Automating Preventive Maintenance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oshier, Michael J.

    1984-01-01

    Describes the following aspects of the State University of New York-Brockport's preventive maintenance computerization project: (1) software selection, (2) project implementation; and (3) problems and benefits of the system. (MCG)

  12. Timpani Repair and Maintenance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Combs, F. Michael

    1980-01-01

    Rather than focusing on specific brands of timpani, these guidelines for repair cover mechanical problems of a general nature: pedals, dents, unclear tone, and squeaking. Preventive maintenance is discussed. (Author/SJL)

  13. PREPP (Process Experimental Pilot Plant) rotary kiln seals: Problem and resolution

    SciTech Connect

    Drexler, R.L. )

    1990-01-01

    The Process Experimental Pilot Plant (PREPP) is a facility designed to demonstrate processing of low level chemical and transuranic hazardous waste. The plant includes equipment for handling the incoming waste containers, shredding, incineration and cooling the waste, grouting the residue and scrubbing and filtration of the off gas. The process incinerator is a rotary kiln approximately 8-{1/2} ft diameter and 25 ft long with a rotary seal assembly at each end. Each seal assembly consists of a primary, secondary and tertiary seal, with a positive air pressure between primary and secondary seals to prevent out-leakage from the kiln. The kiln operates at 0.5 inch water negative pressure. From the very outset the kiln seals exhibited excessive drag which taxed the kiln drive capacity and excessive in-leakage which limited kiln temperature. An engineering evaluation concluded that the original seals supplied by the kiln vendor could not accommodate expansion and centerline shift of the kiln resulting from heatup of the kiln and its support system. A totally new concept kiln seal design has been generated to replace the (modified) original seals. This new seal system has been designed to provide a very tight long lasting seal which will accommodate the 1.5 inch axial shift and up to 1 inch radial movement of the kiln shell. Design lifetime of the seal is 10,000 operating hours between major maintenance services while maintaining an acceptable leak rate hot or cold, rotating or stopped. The design appears adaptable to any size kiln and is suitable for retrofit to existing kilns. A one-third scale prototype seal assembly is being built to verify the concept prior to construction of the 10 ft diameter seals for the PREPP rotary kiln. 4 figs.

  14. Measuring The Flux of Nitrogen From Watersheds, Errors and The Temporal Resolution Problem

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Showers, W. J.

    2003-12-01

    Agricultural and urban land use has increased the fluxes of nutrients and sediments into surface waters and ground waters. Transport of nitrogen through watersheds into coastal waters has resulted in eutrophication and water quality degradation. Management actions aimed at reducing nitrate contamination of surface waters need a better understanding of fundamental processes that control water quality on a watershed scale. RiverNet, a high resolution (hourly) in situ nitrate monitoring program has found significant concentration variations associated with point sources in the Neuse River Basin, NC. Nutrient inputs from agricultural watersheds are highly correlated to discharge. Nutrient inputs from waste application fields are variable and most important during falling hydrographs. Nitrogen, carbon and oxygen isotopes of nitrate and POM indicate that in-stream nutrient consumption is not an important process in riverine nutrient transport to the estuary in the river mainstem, but can be important in smaller streams and creeks. This water depth/nitrogen in-stream loss data indicates that the contribution of point sources have been underestimated on a watershed scale. In addition large fluxes of nitrate from contaminated groundwater to surface waters adjacent to WAF occur over a 1 to 3 day period after large rain events. The flux of contaminated groundwater has not been taken into account in the NPDES permitting process. 17O of river and groundwater nitrate indicates that atmospheric deposition can be a significant contributor (90 %) to nitrate flux in urban watersheds and to a lesser extent in forested watersheds, but contributes less than 10% of the nitrate flux exported from the basin as a whole. Nitrate fluxes calculated from hourly measurements differ from daily calculated fluxes by up to 20% during high flow conditions and 80% during low flow conditions. These findings indicate that significant errors can be produced by monitoring programs that try to determine long term trends of basin scale nitrogen flux without high resolution data sets produced by in situ monitoring. These data indicate that current monitoring efforts have tremendously underestimated the amount of nitrogen that is exported from watersheds to the coastal ocean.

  15. Retaining nurses through conflict resolution. Training staff to confront problems and communicate openly can improve the work climate.

    PubMed

    Fowler, A R; Bushardt, S C; Jones, M A

    1993-06-01

    The way nurses resolve conflict may be leading them to quit their jobs or leave the profession altogether. Conflict is inevitable in a dynamic organization. What is important is not to avoid conflict but to seek its resolution in a constructive manner. Organizational conflict is typically resolved through one of five strategies: withdrawal, force, conciliation, compromise, or confrontation. A recent study of nurses in three different hospitals showed that the approach they use most is withdrawal. This might manifest itself in a request to change shifts or assignments and may lead to a job change and, eventually, abandonment of the field altogether. Given this scenario, changing nurses' conflict resolution style may help administrators combat the nursing shortage. Healthcare organizations must examine themselves to determine why nurses so frequently use withdrawal; then they must restructure work relationships as needed. Next, organizations need to increase nurses' awareness of the problem and train them to use a resolution style more conducive to building stable relationships: confrontation. Staff should also be trained in effective communications skills to develop trust and openness in their relationships. PMID:10126220

  16. Self-resolution of alcohol problems as a process of investing and re-investing in self.

    PubMed

    Finfgeld, D L

    1999-08-01

    Resolution of alcohol problems without formal treatment or participation in support groups was studied using a grounded theory approach. Thirteen former problem drinkers and their close associates were interviewed, and verbatim transcripts were analyzed using grounded theory methods. The core of self-resolving alcohol problems involves investing and/or reinvesting in self to gain or regain the essence of who or what one wants to be. Self-resolvers tend to independently change for their own benefit rather than the benefit of others, and personal resources may promote or delay the process. The effort required to self-resolve drinking problems varies, and close associates tend to be minority investors in the process. Input from health-care providers regarding the health-related hazards of drinking are largely ignored because threats to who or what one wants to be are perceived as more significant. As such, clinical interventions should emphasize personally relevant threats to self versus focusing solely on the physical consequences of alcohol abuse. PMID:10478499

  17. A Longitudinal Study on Substance Use and Related Problems in Women in Opioid Maintenance Treatment from Pregnancy to Four Years after Giving Birth

    PubMed Central

    Lund, Ingunn O; Brendryen, Håvar; Ravndal, Edle

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND Women in opioid maintenance treatment (OMT) have a past characterized by drug abuse, which is a challenging start for parenthood. Studies of mothers in OMT are typically limited to pregnancy and early infancy. Knowledge about how they cope with substance use and related problems in the years following birth is therefore important. The aims of the study were to examine changes in mothers’ substance use, psychological problems, and other challenges; from one to four years after their children were born, and describe kindergarten attendance and prevalence and type of child protective services involvement when the children were four years old. METHOD A four-year prospective cohort study of mothers in OMT. The European severity index was used to map substance use and related problems during the third trimester of pregnancy, one and four years after birth. RESULTS At the four-year follow-up, use of illegal substances remained low (4%) and use of legal substances (39%) was similar to the one-year follow-up. The proportion of women with psychological problems was significantly higher than at one-year follow-up (69 vs. 39%, P = 0.009). At age four, most children (89%) attended kindergarten, and the child protective services were following 73% of the families, mostly with voluntary measures. CONCLUSION Mothers in OMT cope well with substance use over time, given access to sufficient support. The findings imply that a preventive governmental strategy with close support of mother and child, have a positive impact contributing to making OMT and motherhood more compatible. PMID:24855370

  18. High-resolution coupled physics solvers for analysing fine-scale nuclear reactor design problems

    PubMed Central

    Mahadevan, Vijay S.; Merzari, Elia; Tautges, Timothy; Jain, Rajeev; Obabko, Aleksandr; Smith, Michael; Fischer, Paul

    2014-01-01

    An integrated multi-physics simulation capability for the design and analysis of current and future nuclear reactor models is being investigated, to tightly couple neutron transport and thermal-hydraulics physics under the SHARP framework. Over several years, high-fidelity, validated mono-physics solvers with proven scalability on petascale architectures have been developed independently. Based on a unified component-based architecture, these existing codes can be coupled with a mesh-data backplane and a flexible coupling-strategy-based driver suite to produce a viable tool for analysts. The goal of the SHARP framework is to perform fully resolved coupled physics analysis of a reactor on heterogeneous geometry, in order to reduce the overall numerical uncertainty while leveraging available computational resources. The coupling methodology and software interfaces of the framework are presented, along with verification studies on two representative fast sodium-cooled reactor demonstration problems to prove the usability of the SHARP framework. PMID:24982250

  19. S-Genius, a universal software platform with versatile inverse problem resolution for scatterometry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fuard, David; Troscompt, Nicolas; El Kalyoubi, Ismael; Soulan, Sébastien; Besacier, Maxime

    2013-05-01

    S-Genius is a new universal scatterometry platform, which gathers all the LTM-CNRS know-how regarding the rigorous electromagnetic computation and several inverse problem solver solutions. This software platform is built to be a userfriendly, light, swift, accurate, user-oriented scatterometry tool, compatible with any ellipsometric measurements to fit and any types of pattern. It aims to combine a set of inverse problem solver capabilities — via adapted Levenberg- Marquard optimization, Kriging, Neural Network solutions — that greatly improve the reliability and the velocity of the solution determination. Furthermore, as the model solution is mainly vulnerable to materials optical properties, S-Genius may be coupled with an innovative material refractive indices determination. This paper will a little bit more focuses on the modified Levenberg-Marquardt optimization, one of the indirect method solver built up in parallel with the total SGenius software coding by yours truly. This modified Levenberg-Marquardt optimization corresponds to a Newton algorithm with an adapted damping parameter regarding the definition domains of the optimized parameters. Currently, S-Genius is technically ready for scientific collaboration, python-powered, multi-platform (windows/linux/macOS), multi-core, ready for 2D- (infinite features along the direction perpendicular to the incident plane), conical, and 3D-features computation, compatible with all kinds of input data from any possible ellipsometers (angle or wavelength resolved) or reflectometers, and widely used in our laboratory for resist trimming studies, etching features characterization (such as complex stack) or nano-imprint lithography measurements for instance. The work about kriging solver, neural network solver and material refractive indices determination is done (or about to) by other LTM members and about to be integrated on S-Genius platform.

  20. Science and social policy problems: resolution of some, creation of others.

    PubMed

    Gordis, E

    1991-01-01

    The scientist has two jobs: to do good science, and to be a spokesperson for science in the creation of rational social policy. Three categories of interaction between science and policy are described and examples given. The first is where science has provided data that were decisive in causing policy to be enacted. The second is where science is capable of resolving equity issues that have arisen from problems that science itself created. The third is where the issues are ultimately resolved by extra-scientific considerations. Two major issues where it is hoped that science can make a significant contribution include outcomes analysis, a new approach to dealing with health care costs and variations in clinical practice; and the disease concept of alcoholism, with questions it raises of volition, personal responsibility, and punishment. However, science alone is never the dominant force in the shaping of policy, which is determined by the interaction of many social forces, such as morals, values, politics, and economics. PMID:1845596

  1. Support-assisted optical superresolution of low-resolution image sequences: the one-dimensional problem.

    PubMed

    Prasad, Sudhakar; Luo, Xuan

    2009-12-01

    We analyze the problem of optical superresolution (OSR) of a one-dimensional (1D) incoherent spatial signal from undersampled data when the support of the signal is known in advance. The present paper corrects and extends our previous work on the calculation of Fisher information (FI) and the associated Cramer-Rao lower bound (CRB) on the minimum error for estimating the signal intensity distribution and its Fourier components at spatial frequencies lying beyond the optical band edge. The faint-signal and bright-signal limits emerge from a unified noise analysis in which we include both additive noise of detection and shot noise of photon counting via an approximate Gaussian statistical distribution. For a large space-bandwidth product, we derive analytical approximations to the exact expressions for FI and CRB in the faint-signal limit and use them to argue why achieving any significant amount o unbiased bandwidth extension in the presence of noise is a uniquely challenging proposition. Unlike previous theoretical work on the subject of support-assisted bandwidth extension, our approach is not restricted to specific forms of the system transfer functions, and provides a unified analysis of both digital and optical superresolution of undersampled data. PMID:20052248

  2. Solutions of the Taylor-Green Vortex Problem Using High-Resolution Explicit Finite Difference Methods

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    DeBonis, James R.

    2013-01-01

    A computational fluid dynamics code that solves the compressible Navier-Stokes equations was applied to the Taylor-Green vortex problem to examine the code s ability to accurately simulate the vortex decay and subsequent turbulence. The code, WRLES (Wave Resolving Large-Eddy Simulation), uses explicit central-differencing to compute the spatial derivatives and explicit Low Dispersion Runge-Kutta methods for the temporal discretization. The flow was first studied and characterized using Bogey & Bailley s 13-point dispersion relation preserving (DRP) scheme. The kinetic energy dissipation rate, computed both directly and from the enstrophy field, vorticity contours, and the energy spectra are examined. Results are in excellent agreement with a reference solution obtained using a spectral method and provide insight into computations of turbulent flows. In addition the following studies were performed: a comparison of 4th-, 8th-, 12th- and DRP spatial differencing schemes, the effect of the solution filtering on the results, the effect of large-eddy simulation sub-grid scale models, and the effect of high-order discretization of the viscous terms.

  3. General aviation avionics equipment maintenance

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Parker, C. D.; Tommerdahl, J. B.

    1978-01-01

    Maintenance of general aviation avionics equipment was investigated with emphasis on single engine and light twin engine general aviation aircraft. Factors considered include the regulatory agencies, avionics manufacturers, avionics repair stations, the statistical character of the general aviation community, and owners and operators. The maintenance, environment, and performance, repair costs, and reliability of avionics were defined. It is concluded that a significant economic stratification is reflected in the maintenance problems encountered, that careful attention to installations and use practices can have a very positive impact on maintenance problems, and that new technologies and a general growth in general aviation will impact maintenance.

  4. Health problems and help-seeking activities of methadone maintenance clients at Auckland Methadone Service (AMS): potential for community pharmacy service expansion?

    PubMed Central

    Sheridan, Janie; Wheeler, Amanda; Walters, Carina

    2005-01-01

    Background In general the health of methadone clients has been found to be poorer than that of the general population. In New Zealand specialist drug services are not funded to provide primary healthcare services. Many health conditions could potentially be managed by community pharmacists who have frequent contact with this client group. This study sought to explore the health problems suffered by methadone clients, who they sought help from, and the potential for greater involvement of pharmacists. Methods Self-completion questionnaire of methadone maintenance clients managed in specialist care in Auckland, New Zealand. Results The most common health problem experienced by these clients in the past three months was sweating (70.0%), and more than half of the respondents also reported experiencing headache, fatigue and depression. The least frequently experienced conditions were hay fever (12.9%) and abscesses (12.1%). Respondents indicated that the top three choices from whom they would seek help were GP (56.7%), the client's partner (31.6%) and community pharmacists (27.9%). Barriers to seeking help from pharmacists included issues around cost, perceptions of pharmacist knowledge and skills, privacy and confidentiality. Conclusion Methadone clients in this study indicated that they suffered a number of general health problems, and in many cases were likely to seek help from a GP or their own partner, before seeking help from pharmacists. However, for over one quarter of respondents the pharmacist was in the top three from whom they would seek advice. Any barriers towards consulting pharmacists, in the main seem to be resolvable. PMID:16283944

  5. Reputation mechanism: From resolution for truthful online auctions to the model of optimal one-gambler problem

    SciTech Connect

    Bradonjic, Milan

    2009-01-01

    In this paper we study reputation mechanisms, and show how the notion of reputation can help us in building truthful online auction mechanisms. From the mechanism design prospective, we derive the conditions on and design a truthful online auction mechanism. Moreover, in the case when some agents may lay or cannot have the real knowledge about the other agents reputations, we derive the resolution of the auction, such that the mechanism is truthful. Consequently, we move forward to the optimal one-gambler/one-seller problem, and explain how that problem is refinement of the previously discussed online auction design in the presence of reputation mechanism. In the setting of the optimal one-gambler problem, we naturally rise and solve the specific question: What is an agent's optimal strategy, in order to maximize his revenue? We would like to stress that our analysis goes beyond the scope, which game theory usually discusses under the notion of reputation. We model one-player games, by introducing a new parameter (reputation), which helps us in predicting the agent's behavior, in real-world situations, such as, behavior of a gambler, real-estate dealer, etc.

  6. Remote Maintenance Monitoring

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Owens, Richard C.; Simkins, Lorenz; Rochette, Donn

    1990-01-01

    Automated system gives new life to aging network of computers. Remote maintenance monitoring system developed to diagnose problems in large distributed computer network. Consists of data links, displays, controls, software, and more than 200 computers. Uses sensors to collect data on failures and expert system to examine data, diagnose causes of failures, and recommend cures. Designed to be retrofitted into launch processing system at Kennedy Space Center. Reduces downtime, lowers workload and expense of maintenance, and makes network less dependent on human expertise.

  7. Parent-Adolescent Conflict as Sequences of Reciprocal Negative Emotion: Links with Conflict Resolution and Adolescents' Behavior Problems.

    PubMed

    Moed, Anat; Gershoff, Elizabeth T; Eisenberg, Nancy; Hofer, Claire; Losoya, Sandra; Spinrad, Tracy L; Liew, Jeffrey

    2015-08-01

    Although conflict is a normative part of parent-adolescent relationships, conflicts that are long or highly negative are likely to be detrimental to these relationships and to youths' development. In the present article, sequential analyses of data from 138 parent-adolescent dyads (adolescents' mean age was 13.44, SD=1.16; 52% girls, 79% non-Hispanic White) were used to define conflicts as reciprocal exchanges of negative emotion observed while parents and adolescents were discussing "hot," conflictual issues. Dynamic components of these exchanges, including who started the conflicts, who ended them, and how long they lasted, were identified. Mediation analyses revealed that a high proportion of conflicts ended by adolescents was associated with longer conflicts, which in turn predicted perceptions of the "hot" issue as unresolved and adolescent behavior problems. The findings illustrate advantages of using sequential analysis to identify patterns of interactions and, with some certainty, obtain an estimate of the contingent relationship between a pattern of behavior and child and parental outcomes. These interaction patterns are discussed in terms of the roles that parents and children play when in conflict with each other, and the processes through which these roles affect conflict resolution and adolescents' behavior problems. PMID:25358960

  8. Radiometric calibration of IR Fourier transform spectrometers: solution to a problem with the High-Resolution Interferometer Sounder.

    PubMed

    Revercomb, H E; Buijs, H; Howell, H B; Laporte, D D; Smith, W L; Sromovsky, L A

    1988-08-01

    A calibrated Fourier transform spectrometer, known as the High-Resolution Interferometer Sounder (HIS), has been flown on the NASA U-2 research aircraft to measure the infrared emission spectrum of the earth. The primary use-atmospheric temperature and humidity sounding-requires high radiometric precision and accuracy (of the order of 0.1 and 1 degrees C, respectively). To meet these requirements, the HIS instrument performs inflight radiometric calibration, using observations of hot and cold blackbody reference sources as the basis for two-point calibrations at each wavenumber. Initially, laboratory tests revealed a calibration problem with brightness temperature errors as large as 15 degrees C between 600 and 900 cm(-1). The symptom of the problem, which occurred in one of the three spectral bands of HIS, was a source-dependent phase response. Minor changes to the calibration equations completely eliminated the anomalous errors. The new analysis properly accounts for the situation in which the phase response for radiance from the instrument itself differs from that for radiance from an external source. The mechanism responsible for the dual phase response of the HIS instrument is identified as emission from the interferometer beam splitter. PMID:20531920

  9. Radiometric calibration of IR Fourier transform spectrometers - Solution to a problem with the High-Resolution Interferometer Sounder

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Revercomb, Henry E.; Smith, William L.; Buijs, H.; Howell, Hugh B.; Laporte, D. D.

    1988-01-01

    A calibrated Fourier transform spectrometer, known as the High-Resolution Interferometer Sounder (HIS), has been flown on the NASA U-2 research aircraft to measure the infrared emission spectrum of the earth. The primary use - atmospheric temperature and humidity sounding - requires high radiometric precision and accuracy (of the order of 0.1 and 1 C, respectively). To meet these requirements, the HIS instruments, the HIS instrument performs inflight radiometric calibration, using observations of hot and cold blackbody reference sources as the basis for two-point calibrations at each wavenumber. Initially, laboratory tests revealed a calibration problem with brightness temperature errors as large as 15 C between 600 and 900/cm. The symptom of the problem, which occurred in one of the three spectral bands of HIS, was a source-dependent phase response. Minor changes to the calibration equations completely eliminated the anomalous errors. The new analysis properly accounts for the situation in which the phase response for radiance from the instrument itself differs from that for radiance from an external source. The mechanism responsible for the dual phase response of the HIS instrument is identified as emission from the interferometer beam splitter.

  10. Maintenance Budgeting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, J. McCree

    Three methods for the preparation of maintenance budgets are discussed--(1) a traditional method, inconclusive and obsolete, based on gross square footage, (2) the formula approach method based on building classification (wood-frame, masonry-wood, masonry-concrete) with maintenance cost factors for each type plus custodial service rates by type of…

  11. Preventative Maintenance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Migliorino, James

    Boards of education must be convinced that spending money up front for preventive maintenance will, in the long run, save districts' tax dollars. A good program of preventive maintenance can minimize disruption of service; reduce repair costs, energy consumption, and overtime; improve labor productivity and system equipment reliability; handle…

  12. Maintenance Downtime

    Atmospheric Science Data Center

    2013-07-10

    ... will be unavailable March 5, 2013 8:00 am to 5:00 pm due to database maintenance. Date(s):  Tuesday, March 5, 2013 ... will be unavailable March 5, 2013 8:00 am to 5:00 pm due to database maintenance. ...

  13. Maintenance scheduling

    SciTech Connect

    Peffley, R.E.

    1980-01-01

    The requirements for daily, weekly, monthly and overtime maintenance scheduling of coal-fired power plants are discussed. It is concluded that maintenance scheduling is as essential as the physical performance of the work itself. By prescheduling maintenance, the optimum utilization of manpower and equipment reliability will be obtained. Spare parts, special tools and service engineer requirements can be anticipated with reasonable scheduling. Meetings are a distasteful word in anyone's vocabulary. However, close communication, between operation and maintenance, is a must to insure that both departments are aware of the job status and progress. Improved communication and scheduling of equipment maintenance can help break down the barrier that has developed between the two Departments.

  14. Le Resolution de problemes--defi des mathematiques--secondaire--premier cycle (Problem Solving Challenge for Mathematics. Junior High School Curriculum).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    This document is designed to assist teachers in helping students in further development of problem-solving skills. It consists of: a statement of purpose; an introduction (noting the place of problem-solving in junior high school mathematics curricula); a definition of problem-solving; a four-stage general framework for solving problems (which…

  15. [Medical Equipment Maintenance Methods].

    PubMed

    Liu, Hongbin

    2015-09-01

    Due to the high technology and the complexity of medical equipment, as well as to the safety and effectiveness, it determines the high requirements of the medical equipment maintenance work. This paper introduces some basic methods of medical instrument maintenance, including fault tree analysis, node method and exclusive method which are the three important methods in the medical equipment maintenance, through using these three methods for the instruments that have circuit drawings, hardware breakdown maintenance can be done easily. And this paper introduces the processing methods of some special fault conditions, in order to reduce little detours in meeting the same problems. Learning is very important for stuff just engaged in this area. PMID:26904890

  16. Reaction Control System Thruster Cracking Consultation: NASA Engineering and Safety Center (NESC) Materials Super Problem Resolution Team (SPRT) Findings

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    MacKay, Rebecca A.; Smith, Stephen W.; Shah, Sandeep R.; Piascik, Robert S.

    2005-01-01

    The shuttle orbiter s reaction control system (RCS) primary thruster serial number 120 was found to contain cracks in the counter bores and relief radius after a chamber repair and rejuvenation was performed in April 2004. Relief radius cracking had been observed in the 1970s and 1980s in seven thrusters prior to flight; however, counter bore cracking had never been seen previously in RCS thrusters. Members of the Materials Super Problem Resolution Team (SPRT) of the NASA Engineering and Safety Center (NESC) conducted a detailed review of the relevant literature and of the documentation from the previous RCS thruster failure analyses. It was concluded that the previous failure analyses lacked sufficient documentation to support the conclusions that stress corrosion cracking or hot-salt cracking was the root cause of the thruster cracking and lacked reliable inspection controls to prevent cracked thrusters from entering the fleet. The NESC team identified and performed new materials characterization and mechanical tests. It was determined that the thruster intergranular cracking was due to hydrogen embrittlement and that the cracking was produced during manufacturing as a result of processing the thrusters with fluoride-containing acids. Testing and characterization demonstrated that appreciable environmental crack propagation does not occur after manufacturing.

  17. Applications of high-resolution spatial discretization scheme and Jacobian-free Newton–Krylov method in two-phase flow problems

    SciTech Connect

    Zou, Ling; Zhao, Haihua; Zhang, Hongbin

    2015-09-01

    The majority of the existing reactor system analysis codes were developed using low-order numerical schemes in both space and time. In many nuclear thermal–hydraulics applications, it is desirable to use higher-order numerical schemes to reduce numerical errors. High-resolution spatial discretization schemes provide high order spatial accuracy in smooth regions and capture sharp spatial discontinuity without nonphysical spatial oscillations. In this work, we adapted an existing high-resolution spatial discretization scheme on staggered grids in two-phase flow applications. Fully implicit time integration schemes were also implemented to reduce numerical errors from operator-splitting types of time integration schemes. The resulting nonlinear system has been successfully solved using the Jacobian-free Newton–Krylov (JFNK) method. The high-resolution spatial discretization and high-order fully implicit time integration numerical schemes were tested and numerically verified for several two-phase test problems, including a two-phase advection problem, a two-phase advection with phase appearance/disappearance problem, and the water faucet problem. Numerical results clearly demonstrated the advantages of using such high-resolution spatial and high-order temporal numerical schemes to significantly reduce numerical diffusion and therefore improve accuracy. Our study also demonstrated that the JFNK method is stable and robust in solving two-phase flow problems, even when phase appearance/disappearance exists.

  18. Floors: Selection and Maintenance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berkeley, Bernard

    Flooring for institutional, commercial, and industrial use is described with regard to its selection, care, and maintenance. The following flooring and subflooring material categories are discussed--(1) resilient floor coverings, (2) carpeting, (3) masonry floors, (4) wood floors, and (5) "formed-in-place floors". The properties, problems,…

  19. Preventive Maintenance Handbook. Audiovisual Equipment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Educational Products Information Exchange Inst., Stony Brook, NY.

    The preventive maintenance system for audiovisual equipment presented in this handbook is designed by specialists so that it can be used by nonspecialists in school sites. The report offers specific advice on saftey factors and also lists major problems that should not be handled by nonspecialists. Other aspects of a preventive maintenance system…

  20. Landscaping With Maintenance in Mind.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sorensen, Randy

    2000-01-01

    Examines school ground landscape design that enhances attractive of the school and provides for easier maintenance. Landscape design issues discussed include choice of grass, trees, and shrubs; irrigation; and safety and access. Other considerations for lessening maintenance problems for facility managers are also highlighted. (GR)

  1. Genetic variation and its maintenance

    SciTech Connect

    Roberts, D.F.; De Stefano, G.F.

    1986-01-01

    This book contains several papers divided among three sections. The section titles are: Genetic Diversity--Its Dimensions; Genetic Diversity--Its Origin and Maintenance; and Genetic Diversity--Applications and Problems of Complex Characters.

  2. Space Telescope maintenance and refurbishment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Trucks, H. F.

    1983-01-01

    The Space Telescope (ST) represents a new concept regarding spaceborne astronomical observatories. Maintenance crews will be brought to the orbital worksite to make repairs and replace scientific instruments. For major overhauls the telescope can be temporarily returned to earth with the aid of the Shuttle. It will, thus, be possible to conduct astronomical studies with the ST for two decades or more. The five first-generation scientific instruments used with the ST include a wide field/planetary camera, a faint object camera, a faint object spectrograph, a high resolution spectrograph, and a high speed photometer. Attention is given to the optical telescope assembly, the support systems module, aspects of mission and science operations, unscheduled maintenance, contingency orbital maintenance, planned on-orbit maintenance, ground maintenance, ground refurbishment, and ground logistics.

  3. Design and maintenance of a network for collecting high-resolution suspended-sediment data at remote locations on rivers, with examples from the Colorado River

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Griffiths, Ronald E.; Topping, David J.; Andrews, Timothy; Bennett, Glenn E.; Sabol, Thomas A.; Melis, Theodore S.

    2012-01-01

    Management of sand and finer sediment in fluvial settings has become increasingly important for reasons ranging from endangered-species habitat to transport of sediment-associated contaminants. In all rivers, some fraction of the suspended load is transported as washload, and some as suspended bed material. Typically, the washload is composed of silt-and-clay-size sediment, and the suspended bed material is composed of sand-size sediment. In most rivers, as a result of changes in the upstream supply of silt and clay, large, systematic changes in the concentration of the washload occur over time, independent of changes in water discharge. Recent work has shown that large, systematic, discharge-independent changes in the concentration of the suspended bed material are also present in many rivers. In bedrock canyon rivers, such as the Colorado River in Grand Canyon National Park, changes in the upstream tributary supply of sand may cause large changes in the grain-size distribution of the bed sand, resulting in changes in both the concentration and grain-size distribution of the sand in suspension. Large discharge-independent changes in suspended-sand concentration coupled to discharge-independent changes in the grain-size distribution of the suspended sand are not unique to bedrock canyon rivers, but also occur in large alluvial rivers, such as the Mississippi River. These systematic changes in either suspended-silt-and-clay concentration or suspended-sand concentration may not be detectable by using conventional equal-discharge- or equal-width-increment measurements, which may be too infrequently collected relative to the time scale over which these changes in the sediment load are occurring. Furthermore, because large discharge-independent changes in both suspended-silt-and-clay and suspended-sand concentration are possible in many rivers, methods using water discharge as a proxy for suspended-sediment concentration (such as sediment rating curves) may not produce sufficiently accurate estimates of sediment loads. Finally, conventional suspended-sediment measurements are both labor and cost intensive and may not be possible at the resolution required to resolve discharge-independent changes in suspended-sediment concentration, especially in more remote locations. For these reasons, the U.S. Geological Survey has pursued the use of surrogate technologies (such as acoustic and laser diffraction) for providing higher-resolution measurements of suspended-sediment concentration and grain size than are possible by using conventional suspended-sediment measurements alone. These factors prompted the U.S. Geological Survey's Grand Canyon Monitoring and Research Center to design and construct a network to automatically measure suspended-sediment transport at 15-minute intervals by using acoustic and laser-diffraction surrogate technologies at remote locations along the Colorado River within Marble and Grand Canyons in Grand Canyon National Park. Because of the remoteness of the Colorado River in this reach, this network also included the design of a broadband satellite-telemetry system to communicate with the instruments deployed at each station in this network. Although the sediment-transport monitoring network described in this report was developed for the Colorado River in Grand Canyon National Park, the design of this network can easily be adapted for use on other rivers, no matter how remote. In the Colorado River case-study example described in this report, suspended-sediment concentration and grain size are measured at five remote stations. At each of these stations, surrogate measurements of suspended-sediment concentration and grain size are made at 15-minute intervals using an array of different single-frequency acoustic-Doppler side-looking profilers. Laser-diffraction instruments are also used at two of these stations to measure both suspended-sediment concentrations and grain-size distributions. Cross-section calibrations of these instruments have been constructed and verified by using either equal-discharge-increment (EDI) or equal-width-increment (EWI) measurements of the velocity-weighted suspended-sediment concentration and grain-size distribution. The suspended-silt-and-clay concentration parts of these calibration relations have also included information from EDI- or EWI-calibrated samples collected by automatic pump samplers. Three of the monitoring stations are equipped with two-way satellite broadband telemetry systems that operate once a day to remotely monitor and program the instruments and download data. Data from these stations are typically downloaded twice per month; data from stations without satellite-telemetry systems are downloaded during site visits, which occur every 2 months or semiannually, depending on the remoteness of the site. Upon downloading and processing, suspended-silt-and-clay concentration, suspended-sand concentration, and suspended-sand median grain size are posted on the World Wide Web. Satellite telemetry in combination with the high-resolution sediment surrogate measurements can generate near-real-time suspended-sediment-concentration and grain-size data (limited only by the time required to download the instruments and process the data). The approach for measuring suspended-sediment concentration and grain size using this monitoring network is more practical, and can be done at a much lower cost and with higher temporal resolution, than any other method.

  4. Microscope Resolution.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Higbie, J.

    1981-01-01

    Describes problems using the Jenkins and White approach and standard diffraction theory when dealing with the topic of finite conjugate, point-source resolution and how they may be resolved using the relatively obscure Abbe's sine theorem. (JN)

  5. Assigning a probability density function for the value of a quantity based on discrete data: the resolution problem

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lira, I.

    2012-12-01

    It often happens that knowledge about a particular quantity has to be reached by processing a series of resolution-limited indications. It is a well-established fact that if the variability of the data is large compared with the resolution interval, the effect of discretization can be ignored. Otherwise, it needs to be taken into account since it can then be an important source of uncertainty, sometimes more significant than randomness itself. The objective of this paper is to derive a probability density function (pdf) for the value of a quantity based on discretized data. This pdf allows the standard uncertainty associated with the best estimate of the quantity to be computed and, perhaps more importantly, it can be used as an input to evaluate a measurement model in which the quantity is involved. Bayesian concepts are used towards this goal. Although reaching an appropriate pdf has been attempted before, limited success has been attained, as the pdfs that have been obtained exhibit some undesirable characteristics. Herein a new approach is proposed. Unlike previous efforts, this time the quantity of interest is modelled as a sum of two other quantities, one that can only assume discrete values and the other that takes values within the resolution interval centred on zero. The resulting pdf exhibits a satisfactory behaviour, but further work would be required to provide firmer theoretical grounds for the employed prior.

  6. Inventorying Stressful Life Events as Risk Factors for Psychopathology: Toward Resolution of the Problem of Intracategory Variability

    PubMed Central

    Dohrenwend, Bruce P.

    2006-01-01

    An explosion of research on life events has occurred since the publication of the Holmes and Rahe checklist in 1967. Despite criticism, especially of their use in research on psychopathology, such economical inventories have remained dominant. Most of the problems of reliability and validity with traditional inventories can be traced to the intracategory variability of actual events reported in their broad checklist categories. The purposes of this review are, first, to examine how this problem has been addressed within the tradition of economical checklist approaches; second, to determine how it has been dealt with by far less widely used and far less economical labor-intensive interview and narrative-rating approaches; and, third, to assess the prospects for relatively economical, as well as reliable and valid, solutions. PMID:16719570

  7. A Shadowing Problem in the Detection of Overlapping Communities: Lifting the Resolution Limit through a Cascading Procedure.

    PubMed

    Young, Jean-Gabriel; Allard, Antoine; Hbert-Dufresne, Laurent; Dub, Louis J

    2015-01-01

    Community detection is the process of assigning nodes and links in significant communities (e.g. clusters, function modules) and its development has led to a better understanding of complex networks. When applied to sizable networks, we argue that most detection algorithms correctly identify prominent communities, but fail to do so across multiple scales. As a result, a significant fraction of the network is left uncharted. We show that this problem stems from larger or denser communities overshadowing smaller or sparser ones, and that this effect accounts for most of the undetected communities and unassigned links. We propose a generic cascading approach to community detection that circumvents the problem. Using real and artificial network datasets with three widely used community detection algorithms, we show how a simple cascading procedure allows for the detection of the missing communities. This work highlights a new detection limit of community structure, and we hope that our approach can inspire better community detection algorithms. PMID:26461919

  8. The breakdown of an emergency system following a gas explosion in Osaka and the subsequent resolution of problems.

    PubMed

    Ishida, T; Ohta, M; Sugimoto, T

    1985-01-01

    Osaka, a modern urban metropolis in Japan, experienced a tragic gas explosion in 1970 when the dispatch room of the City Fire Department was in the process of being moved to a new building. Many unforseen problems arose during this disaster: eg, there was an overall lack of leadership, confusion of communication, a need for triage, and lack of control of mass media. The Osaka Medical Association organized a committee to resolve these problems. Their conclusions and recommendations were that a control headquarters be established at the scene of disaster, the number of ambulances and EMTs be increased, disaster tags be utilized, a special radio frequency be created, and a computer-aided command and control system for fire fighting and ambulance services be introduced. These recommendations have all been followed. PMID:3833919

  9. A Shadowing Problem in the Detection of Overlapping Communities: Lifting the Resolution Limit through a Cascading Procedure

    PubMed Central

    Young, Jean-Gabriel; Allard, Antoine; Hébert-Dufresne, Laurent; Dubé, Louis J.

    2015-01-01

    Community detection is the process of assigning nodes and links in significant communities (e.g. clusters, function modules) and its development has led to a better understanding of complex networks. When applied to sizable networks, we argue that most detection algorithms correctly identify prominent communities, but fail to do so across multiple scales. As a result, a significant fraction of the network is left uncharted. We show that this problem stems from larger or denser communities overshadowing smaller or sparser ones, and that this effect accounts for most of the undetected communities and unassigned links. We propose a generic cascading approach to community detection that circumvents the problem. Using real and artificial network datasets with three widely used community detection algorithms, we show how a simple cascading procedure allows for the detection of the missing communities. This work highlights a new detection limit of community structure, and we hope that our approach can inspire better community detection algorithms. PMID:26461919

  10. GPU implementation of the maximum likelihood solution to the inverse problem for retrieval of geophysical parameters from high resolution sounder data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wei, Shih-Chieh; Huang, Bormin

    2011-09-01

    The radiative transfer equation (RTE) describes the sounder observed radiance as a result of contribution from various surface properties, atmospheric temperature and absorbing gas profiles. Retrieval of these geophysical parameters from the sounder data requires an inverse solution to the RTE problem. In the presence of noise in observation data, the maximum likelihood method is often used to find the most probable solution from an ensemble described by a probability density function. In recent years general purpose graphics processing units with hundreds of computing cores have become more affordable for scientific computation. This work will explore the use of GPU in speedup of the maximum likelihood solution to the ill-posed retrieval problem. For the IASI high resolution sounder having 8641 channels, use of GPU on maximum likelihood estimation shows a promising speedup of 1986x compared to a single threaded native CPU version.

  11. Graphics processing unit implementation of the maximum likelihood solution to the inverse problem for retrieval of geophysical parameters from high-resolution sounder data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wei, Shih-Chieh; Huang, Bormin; Huang, Hung-Lung Allen

    2014-01-01

    The radiative transfer equation (RTE) describes the sounder observed radiance as a result of contribution from various surface properties, atmospheric temperature, and absorbing gas profiles. Retrieval of these geophysical parameters from the sounder data requires an inverse solution to the RTE problem. In the presence of noise in observation data, the maximum likelihood method is often used to find the most probable solution from an ensemble described by a probability density function. In recent years, general purpose graphics processing units with hundreds of computing cores have become more affordable for scientific computation. This work will explore the use of GPU in speedup of the maximum likelihood solution to the ill-posed retrieval problem. For the infrared atmospheric sounding interferometer high-resolution sounder having 8641 channels, the use of GPU on maximum likelihood estimation shows a promising speedup of 1986× compared to a single-threaded native CPU version.

  12. Reformulation of Density Functional Theory for N-Representable Densities and the Resolution of the v-Representability Problem

    DOE PAGESBeta

    Gonis, A.; Zhang, X. G.; Stocks, G. M.; Nicholson, D. M.

    2015-10-23

    Density functional theory for the case of general, N-representable densities is reformulated in terms of density functional derivatives of expectation values of operators evaluated with wave functions leading to a density, making no reference to the concept of potential. The developments provide a complete solution of the v-representability problem by establishing a mathematical procedure that determines whether a density is v-representable and in the case of an affirmative answer determines the potential (within an additive constant) as a derivative with respect to the density of a constrained search functional. It also establishes the existence of an energy functional of themore » density that, for v-representable densities, assumes its minimum value at the density describing the ground state of an interacting many-particle system. The theorems of Hohenberg and Kohn emerge as special cases of the formalism.« less

  13. New collinear twist-3 analysis of transverse SSA: Toward a resolution for the sign-mismatch problem

    DOE PAGESBeta

    Kanazawa, Koichi; Pitonyak, Daniel; Koike, Yuji; Metz, Andreas

    2014-10-19

    We present a new collinear twist-3 analysis of the transverse SSA AN at RHIC. We use the TMD Sivers/Collins function to fix some of the relevant collinear twist-3 functions and perform a fit of the RHIC data with other parameterized twist-3 functions. This allows us to keep the consistency among descriptions in pp collision, SIDIS, and e+e– annihilation and thus could provide a unified description of the spin asymmetries in the low- and high-PT processes. In conclusion, by taking into account the twist-3 fragmentation contribution, we show for the first time this contribution could be the main source of ANmore » in pp↑ → hX and its inclusion could provide a solution for the sign-mismatch problem.« less

  14. New collinear twist-3 analysis of transverse SSA: Toward a resolution for the sign-mismatch problem

    SciTech Connect

    Kanazawa, Koichi; Pitonyak, Daniel; Koike, Yuji; Metz, Andreas

    2014-10-19

    We present a new collinear twist-3 analysis of the transverse SSA AN at RHIC. We use the TMD Sivers/Collins function to fix some of the relevant collinear twist-3 functions and perform a fit of the RHIC data with other parameterized twist-3 functions. This allows us to keep the consistency among descriptions in pp collision, SIDIS, and e+e annihilation and thus could provide a unified description of the spin asymmetries in the low- and high-PT processes. In conclusion, by taking into account the twist-3 fragmentation contribution, we show for the first time this contribution could be the main source of AN in pp → hX and its inclusion could provide a solution for the sign-mismatch problem.

  15. Reformulation of Density Functional Theory for N-Representable Densities and the Resolution of the v-Representability Problem

    SciTech Connect

    Gonis, A.; Zhang, X. G.; Stocks, G. M.; Nicholson, D. M.

    2015-10-23

    Density functional theory for the case of general, N-representable densities is reformulated in terms of density functional derivatives of expectation values of operators evaluated with wave functions leading to a density, making no reference to the concept of potential. The developments provide a complete solution of the v-representability problem by establishing a mathematical procedure that determines whether a density is v-representable and in the case of an affirmative answer determines the potential (within an additive constant) as a derivative with respect to the density of a constrained search functional. It also establishes the existence of an energy functional of the density that, for v-representable densities, assumes its minimum value at the density describing the ground state of an interacting many-particle system. The theorems of Hohenberg and Kohn emerge as special cases of the formalism.

  16. Decelerating Flows in TeV Blazars: A Resolution to the BL Lac -- FR I Unification Problem

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kazanas, Demosthenes

    2005-01-01

    TeV emission from BL Lacertae (BL) objects i s commonly modeled as Synchrotron-Self Compton (SSC) radiation from relativistically moving homogeneous plasma blobs. In the context of these models, the blob Lorentz factors needed to reproduce the corrected for absorption by the diffuse IR background (DIRB) TeV emission are large ($\\delta \\gtrsim 50$). The main reason for this is that stronger beaming eases the problem of the lack of $\\sim$ IR-UV synchrotron seed photons needed to produce the de-absorbed $\\sim $ few TeV peak of the spectral energy distribution (SED). However, such high Doppler factors are in strong disagreement with the unified scheme, according to which BLs are FR I radio galaxies with their jets closely aligned to the line of sight. Here, motivated by the detection of sub-luminal velocities in the sub-pc scale jets of the best studied TeV blazars, MKN 421 and MKN 501, we examine the possibility that the relativistic flows in the TeV BLs decelerate. In this case, the problem of the missing seed photons is solved because of Upstream Compton (UC) scattering, a process in which the upstream energetic electrons from the fast base of the flow 'see' the synchrotron seed photons produced in the slow part of the flow relativistically beamed. Modest Lorentz factors ($\\Gamma \\sim 15$), decelerating down to values compatible with the recent radio interferometric observations, reproduce the $\\sim $ few TeV peak energy of these sources. Furthermore, such decelerating flows are shown to be in agreement with the BL - FR I unification, naturally reproducing the observed BL/FR I broadband luminosity ratios.

  17. Application of a wavelet-Galerkin method to the forward problem resolution in fluorescence diffuse optical tomography.

    PubMed

    Landragin-Frassati, Anne; Bonnet, Stphane; Da Silva, Anabela; Dinten, Jean-Marc; Georges, Didier

    2009-10-12

    Fluorescence diffuse optical tomography is a powerful tool for the investigation of molecular events in studies for new therapeutic developments. Here, the emphasis is put on the mathematical problem of tomography, which can be formulated in terms of an estimation of physical parameters appearing as a set of Partial Differential Equations (PDEs). The standard polynomial Finite Element Method (FEM) is a method of choice to solve the diffusion equation because it has no restriction in terms of neither the geometry nor the homogeneity of the system, but it is time consuming. In order to speed up computation time, this paper proposes an alternative numerical model, describing the diffusion operator in orthonormal basis of compactly supported wavelets. The discretization of the PDEs yields to matrices which are easily computed from derivative wavelet product integrals. Due to the shape of the wavelet basis, the studied domain is included in a regular fictitious domain. A validation study and a comparison with the standard FEM are conducted on synthetic data. PMID:20372573

  18. Maintenance Business Plans.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, Matt

    2002-01-01

    Discusses maintenance business plans, statements which provide accountability for facilities maintenance organizations' considerable budgets. Discusses the plan's components: statement of plan objectives, macro and detailed description of the facility assets, maintenance function descriptions, description of key performance indicators, milestone…

  19. Determining maintenance cost ratios

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Remer, Donald S.; Sherif, Josef S.; Buchanan, Harry R.

    1992-01-01

    This paper reports on the wide range of costs involved in maintaining equipment and discusses methods that different industries use to measure and report their maintenance cost. Results are presented of the study of maintenance costs in the NASA Deep Space Network (DSN) and of a comparison of DSN maintenance cost with the maintenance costs of a number of other reports. A comparison of the maintenance costs in terms of the maintenance cost ratio (annual maintenance cost/capital replacement cost) shows that DSN has the lowest maintenance cost ratio of the industries and organizations surveyed.

  20. Transit-bus maintenance

    SciTech Connect

    Purdy, J.E.; Wiegmann, J.D.; Maze, T.H.; Cook, A.R.; List, G.

    1987-01-01

    The 4 papers in the report deal with the following areas; vehicle maintenance: cost relationship and estimating methodology; theory and practice of transit-bus maintenance performance measurement; bus maintenance performance indicators; historical development and current practice; and terrain effects on bus-maintenance performance.

  1. Stick with a School Maintenance Plan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kennedy, Mike

    2012-01-01

    The U.S. Department of Education's "Planning Guide for Maintaining School Facilities" states that a sound facilities maintenance plan serves as evidence that school facilities are, and will be, cared for appropriately. On the other hand, negligent facilities maintenance planning can cause real problems. Budget restraints and cuts in areas not…

  2. Airliner maintenance for fuel efficiency

    SciTech Connect

    Goldsmith, D.J.

    1981-01-01

    Due to the increased price of fuel, all airlines now place special emphasis on maintenance work to minimize both aircraft empty weight and in-service deterioration of drag and engine specific fuel consumption standards. This paper describes some of the methods employed by Eastern and other airlines to save fuel by maintenance action. Also discussed are the problems faced by an airline in both estimating and measuring, in line operations as opposed to a flight-test environment, and the relatively small percentage changes in aircraft performance usually involved. 10 refs.

  3. Thermography instruments for predictive maintenance

    SciTech Connect

    Palko, E.

    1993-08-12

    Thermography (infrared imaging, or IR scanning) is not only the most versatile predictive maintenance technology available today; it is, in general, the most cost-effective. Plant engineering can apply a virtually unlimited variety of predictive maintenance instruments, but all are restricted regarding the types of existing and incipient problems they can detect. Inplant applications of thermography, however, are truly limited only by the extent of the plant engineer's imagination. Here are ways that thermography can be used to fight downtime in plants, and factors to consider when selecting the best instrument for particular circumstances.

  4. Establishing maintenance performance indicators

    SciTech Connect

    Baca, B.

    1994-10-01

    Maintenance Performance Indicators (PI) specify where the maintenance department is and which direction it is going allowing for a quick and accurate assessment of the performance of the Maintenance Management Program (MMP). Establishing PI`s for the maintenance department will allow a measure of productivity and a means of feedback for methods improvement. Effective performance of the maintenance department directly effects plant profitability. Improvements in the quality and productivity of the maintenance work force will significantly reduce maintenance costs. The level of performance attained by the maintenance work force is usually guessed at. Guessing will not identify areas needing improvement or help to initiate a corrective action. Maintenance PI`s are required for maintenance departments whose goal is to control maintenance costs while increasing productivity. The application of basic statistical methods will allow a maintenance department to know where they are and which direction they are going. The data presented in this paper is a representation of indicators used in industry as well as developed indicators to establish a complete maintenance performance indicator program. The methodology used in developing this program can be used as a way to manage a cost effective maintenance management program.

  5. Endo-restorative treatment of a severly discolored upper incisor: resolution of the “aesthetic” problem through Componeer veneering System

    PubMed Central

    Migliau, Guido; Besharat, Laith Konstantinos; Sofan, Afrah Ali Abdullah; Sofan, Eshrak Ali Abdullah; Romeo, Umberto

    2015-01-01

    Summary Aim Re-establishing a patient’s lost dental aesthetic appearance is one of the most important topics for contemporary dentistry. New treatment materials and methods have been coming on the scene, day by day, in order to achieve such an aim. Most dentists prefer more conservative and aesthetic approaches, such as direct or indirect veneer restorations, instead of full-ceramic crowns for anteriors where aesthetics is really important. The aim of the study is to evaluate clinically the effectiveness of a direct composite veneering system in resolving aesthetic problem of an upper incisor with a multidisciplinary treatment approach. Methods Patient with a severe discolored upper incisor came to our attention; at the X-ray exam there was an evidence of a past not good root canal treatment and also old and incongruent composite obturation. After removing all the material inside the root canal was performed a new correct endodontic filling, then Authors tried to bleach the tooth trough “walking-bleach” technique with a hydrogen peroxide (30 volumes) and sodium perborate solution without excellent results. So it was decided to insert a glass-fiber post and than to perform a direct composite veneer with Componeer System (Coltene). Componeer System is a system of prefabricated composite veneers that are abled to be applied directly in the first appointment: after a conservative preparation of the tooth, it must be used an adhesive agent (for example a “three steps”) and then with composite stratification it’s possible to apply the componeer veneer (choosing the right measure, modified as necessary) as the last covering aesthetic layer. Result The evaluation of result of this multidisciplinary treatment was essentially clinical and radiological; in fact it’s possible to observe, from a clinical point of view, the good aesthetic aspect of the direct composite restoration with componeer veneer that offers also some advantages: conservative preparation with minimal lost of tooth tissue, easy standardized technique, low cost and immediate restoration of the tooth (without provisional passage). From a radiological point of view it’s possible to check the good quality of endodontic retreatment on the post-operative periapical X-ray. To verify the long-term result Authors consider follow up at six months and one year. Conclusion A multidisciplinary approach is always necessary to program a treatment plan in dentistry; in the case reported Authors decide to perform an endo-conservative treatment with different steps: - root canal therapy to resolve endodontical problem- glass fiber post to reinforce the conservative restoration- direct composite veneer restoration (after bleaching) to obtain the resolution of anterior aesthetic problems. PMID:26941900

  6. Facilities maintenance handbook

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1991-01-01

    This handbook is a guide for facilities maintenance managers. Its objective is to set minimum facilities maintenance standards. It also provides recommendations on how to meet the standards to ensure that NASA maintains its facilities in a manner that protects and preserves its investment in the facilities in a cost-effective manner while safely and efficiently performing its mission. This handbook implements NMI 8831.1, which states NASA facilities maintenance policy and assigns organizational responsibilities for the management of facilities maintenance activities on all properties under NASA jurisdiction. It is a reference for facilities maintenance managers, not a step-by-step procedural manual. Because of the differences in NASA Field Installation organizations, this handbook does not assume or recommend a typical facilities maintenance organization. Instead, it uses a systems approach to describe the functions that should be included in any facilities maintenance management system, regardless of its organizational structure. For documents referenced in the handbook, the most recent version of the documents is applicable. This handbook is divided into three parts: Part 1 specifies common definitions and facilities maintenance requirements and amplifies the policy requirements contained in NMI 8831. 1; Part 2 provides guidance on how to meet the requirements of Part 1, containing recommendations only; Part 3 contains general facilities maintenance information. One objective of this handbook is to fix commonality of facilities maintenance definitions among the Centers. This will permit the application of uniform measures of facilities conditions, of the relationship between current replacement value and maintenance resources required, and of the backlog of deferred facilities maintenance. The utilization of facilities maintenance system functions will allow the Centers to quantitatively define maintenance objectives in common terms, prepare work plans, and develop management information in order to statistically identify and analyze variances from those plans. It will also add credibility to the NASA facilities maintenance budgeting process. The key to a successful maintenance program is the understanding and support of the senior Center managers.

  7. Light Vehicle Preventive Maintenance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marine Corps Inst., Washington, DC.

    This correspondence course, originally developed for the Marine Corps, is designed to instruct students in the performance of preventive maintenance on motor vehicles. Instructional materials are presented in three chapters as follows: (1) Major Maintenance Areas (maintenance system, tires, batteries, cooling systems, and vehicle lubrication; (2)…

  8. Asphalt in Pavement Maintenance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Asphalt Inst., College Park, MD.

    Maintenance methods that can be used equally well in all regions of the country have been developed for the use of asphalt in pavement maintenance. Specific information covering methods, equipment and terminology that applies to the use of asphalt in the maintenance of all types of pavement structures, including shoulders, is provided. In many…

  9. Research requirements to reduce maintenance costs of civil helicopters

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Million, D. J.; Waters, K. T.

    1978-01-01

    The maintenance problems faced by the operators of civil helicopters that result in high costs are documented. Existing technology that can be applied to reduce maintenance costs and research that should be carried out were identified. Good design practice and application of existing technology were described as having a significant impact on reducing maintenance costs immediately. The research and development that have potential for long range reduction of maintenance costs are presented.

  10. Methadone Maintenance for Opiate Dependence

    PubMed Central

    Kramer, John C.

    1970-01-01

    The use of the synthetic opiate methadone on a continuing maintenance scheduled is unquestionably the most successful and most widely applicable treatment for the control of opiate dependence. Though the medical aspects of the treatment are simple, the nature of the medication and the nature of the problems of opiate dependence are such that administration of a program requires careful attention. Because the problem is so serious both to society and the addict, it is urgent that we develop and adequate number of well run methadone programs throughout the state and the nation. PMID:5486539

  11. Resolution on the population and food equation and the search for rational and efficient solutions to the problem of Third World debt to ensure that the world can eat, 9 September 1989.

    PubMed

    1989-01-01

    In September 1989, the 82nd Inter-Parliamentary Conference passed a resolution "on the population and food equation and the search for rational and efficient solutions to the problem of Third World debt to ensure that the world can eat." This document contains major portions of that resolution. In the area of population, the resolution affirms family planning (FP) as a basic human right and affirms the right of governments to establish their own population policies. Governments are asked to provide the educational opportunities necessary to secure equality and rights for women. Service delivery systems should be improved to make FP accessible to the 300 million women in need. Governments should reduce infant and maternal mortality, promote child care and birth spacing, and increase population education activities. The resolution also states that the creation of peaceful conditions for development is an essential precondition for solving the world's problems. In the area of food, the eradication of hunger is designated one of the primary tasks of the international community. This will only occur when developing countries increase their food production and achieve self-sufficiency. Such action is a basic and primary responsibility of developing countries but creditor nations can provide low interest rates for food import assistance and funds to strengthen the agricultural sector. The resolution further considers the problem of developing country debt and deplores coercive measures applied by certain developed countries against developing countries. The resolution contains many suggestions for reducing debt in developing countries and achieving a more equitable distribution of wealth in the world. In the area of food resources and sustainable development, the resolution acknowledges that protection of the environment and the earth's resource base for future generations is a collective responsibility. Ecological threats to the production of food should be dealt with, industrialized countries should decrease consumption of natural resources, and food production should be ecologically sound. PMID:12344011

  12. Innovation for maintenance technology improvements

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shives, T. R. (Editor); Willard, W. A. (Editor)

    1982-01-01

    A group of 34 submitted entries (32 papers and 2 abstracts) from the 33rd meeting of the Mechanical Failures Prevention Group whose subject was maintenance technology improvement through innovation. Areas of special emphasis included maintenance concepts, maintenance analysis systems, improved maintenance processes, innovative maintenance diagnostics and maintenance indicators, and technology improvements for power plant applications.

  13. Product modular design incorporating preventive maintenance issues

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gao, Yicong; Feng, Yixiong; Tan, Jianrong

    2016-03-01

    Traditional modular design methods lead to product maintenance problems, because the module form of a system is created according to either the function requirements or the manufacturing considerations. For solving these problems, a new modular design method is proposed with the considerations of not only the traditional function related attributes, but also the maintenance related ones. First, modularity parameters and modularity scenarios for product modularity are defined. Then the reliability and economic assessment models of product modularity strategies are formulated with the introduction of the effective working age of modules. A mathematical model used to evaluate the difference among the modules of the product so that the optimal module of the product can be established. After that, a multi-objective optimization problem based on metrics for preventive maintenance interval different degrees and preventive maintenance economics is formulated for modular optimization. Multi-objective GA is utilized to rapidly approximate the Pareto set of optimal modularity strategy trade-offs between preventive maintenance cost and preventive maintenance interval difference degree. Finally, a coordinate CNC boring machine is adopted to depict the process of product modularity. In addition, two factorial design experiments based on the modularity parameters are constructed and analyzed. These experiments investigate the impacts of these parameters on the optimal modularity strategies and the structure of module. The research proposes a new modular design method, which may help to improve the maintainability of product in modular design.

  14. Reflective Teaching via a Problem Exploration--Teaching Adaptations--Resolution Cycle: A Mixed Methods Study of Preservice Teachers' Reflective Notes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayden, H. Emily; Chiu, Ming Ming

    2015-01-01

    We explore development of elementary preservice teachers' reflective practices as they solved problems encountered while teaching in a reading clinic. Written reflections (N = 175) were collected across 8 weeks from 23 preservice teachers and analyzed to investigate relationships among problem exploration, teaching adaptations, and problem

  15. Maximizing Hard Floor Maintenance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steger, Michael

    2000-01-01

    Explains the maintenance options available for hardwood flooring that can help ensure long life cycles and provide inviting spaces. Developing a maintenance system, knowing the type of traffic that the floor must endure, using entrance matting, and adhering to manufacturers guidelines are discussed. Daily, monthly or quarterly, and long-term…

  16. Fixing Maintenance Productivity.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fickes, Michael

    2003-01-01

    Describes how one university's facility managers use Nextel communications technology in conjunction with a Famis Software maintenance management system to improve the productivity of its maintenance technicians. The system uses a wireless Internet connection to automate the flow of work order information to and from technicians. The key to these…

  17. Maintenance of School Gymnasiums.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finchum, R. N.

    1965-01-01

    Procedures are suggested that may be helpful to those responsible for the operation and maintenance of school buildings and gymnasiums. Most schools with gymnasiums utilize them for both instructional and sports purposes. Maintenance of the multipurpose gym are discussed under four subject areas--(1) floors, (2) lighting, (3) sanitation, and (4)…

  18. Maintenance Trades Guidelines

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weidner, Theodore J.

    2008-01-01

    In 2002, APPA published "Maintenance Staffing Guidelines for Educational Facilities," the first building maintenance trades staffing guideline designed to assist educational facilities professionals with their staffing needs. addresses how facilities professionals can determine the appropriate size and mix of their organization. Contents include…

  19. Review of maintenance personnel practices at nuclear power plants

    SciTech Connect

    Chockie, A.D.; Badalamente, R.V.; Hostick, C.J.; Vickroy, S.C.; Bryant, J.L.; Imhoff, C.H.

    1984-05-01

    As part of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) sponsored Maintenance Qualifications and Staffing Project, the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) has conducted a preliminary assessment of nuclear power plant (NPP) maintenance practices. As requested by the NRC, the following areas within the maintenance function were examined: personnel qualifications, maintenance training, overtime, shiftwork and staffing levels. The purpose of the assessment was to identify the primary safety-related problems that required further analysis before specific recommendations can be made on the regulations affecting NPP maintenance operations.

  20. Strategies for problem list implementation in a complex clinical enterprise.

    PubMed

    Campbell, J R

    1998-01-01

    Although the Institute of Medicine states that a patient problem list should have a prominent place in the computer-based patient record, the design and function of the problem list is not a matter of universal agreement. Developer experience with implementation has been inconsistent, in part because of confusion on data standards, uncertain user acceptance of data entry, and minimal rewards for the clinician. I propose that necessary features of the problem list include: 1) clinical focus, 2) codification of problems, 3) support for problem resolution, 4) historicity of problems, 5) support for multiple clinical views, 6) integration of maintenance functions with workflow, 7) support for administrative reporting, and 8) integration with useful clinical tools. I describe the strategies that we employed to meet these goals while implementing the problem list in a computerized patient record serving a large, complex clinical enterprise. I further report the successful achievement of those goals based upon audits six months after implementation. PMID:9929227

  1. Health Maintenance Organizations and the Elderly: Promises, Problems and Prospects. Hearing before the Select Committee on Aging. House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, Second Session (Boynton Beach and Margate, FL). Part II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Aging.

    This document contains witness testimonies and prepared statements from the Congressional hearing to examine the efficiency of health maintenance organizations (HMOs) in providing medical care to the elderly. Opening statements are given by Congressmen Mica and Boucher. The hearing is organized into a morning and afternoon session with each…

  2. Health Maintenance Organizations and the Elderly: Promises, Problems, and Prospects. Hearing before the Select Committee on Aging. House of Representatives, Ninety-Eighth Congress, Second Session (Boca Raton, Florida).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Aging.

    This document contains the transcripts of witness testimony and prepared statements from the Congressional hearing called to explore the impact of the Health Maintenance Organization (HMO) on the health care system and on the elderly in particular. Opening statements are given from Representatives Dan Mica, Matthew Rinaldo, and Lawrence Smith.…

  3. Health Maintenance Organizations and the Elderly: Promises, Problems and Prospects. Hearing before the Select Committee on Aging. House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, Second Session (Boynton Beach and Margate, FL). Part II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Aging.

    This document contains witness testimonies and prepared statements from the Congressional hearing to examine the efficiency of health maintenance organizations (HMOs) in providing medical care to the elderly. Opening statements are given by Congressmen Mica and Boucher. The hearing is organized into a morning and afternoon session with each

  4. Reflective Teaching via a Problem Exploration--Teaching Adaptations--Resolution Cycle: A Mixed Methods Study of Preservice Teachers' Reflective Notes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayden, H. Emily; Chiu, Ming Ming

    2015-01-01

    We explore development of elementary preservice teachers' reflective practices as they solved problems encountered while teaching in a reading clinic. Written reflections (N = 175) were collected across 8 weeks from 23 preservice teachers and analyzed to investigate relationships among problem exploration, teaching adaptations, and problem…

  5. Coal pile environmental impact problems

    SciTech Connect

    Cross, F.L.

    1981-07-01

    Some of such problems are discussed briefly: water pollution; ground water contamination; air pollution by fugitive dust; noise generated by maintenance machinery; fires and safety; aesthetics; and solutions of such problems.

  6. Computerized Fleet Maintenance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cataldo, John J.

    1985-01-01

    The Computerized Fleet Maintenance (CFM) program of a New York school district has major component areas of garage operation, vehicle replacement, and fuel consumption. CFM detects high expenditures and provides the rationale for bus replacement. (MLF)

  7. Care and Maintenance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hampton, Carolyn H.; Hampton, Carol D.

    1979-01-01

    The classroom care and maintenance of terrestrial isopods is described. Includes illustrations of isopod external anatomy, a potato trap for collecting isopods, and a constructed habitat for raising isopods. (MA)

  8. Automated preventive maintenance program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cea, E. J.; Grieger, T. H.

    1971-01-01

    Maintenance program which is concise and inexpensive to operate adapts to almost any system that has a FORTRAN compiler. Program operates on a stored data base with an output consisting of scheduling information and various management reports.

  9. Lunar robotic maintenance module

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ayres, Michael L.

    1988-01-01

    A design for a robotic maintenance module that will assist a mobile 100-meter lunar drill is introduced. The design considers the following areas of interest: the atmospheric conditions, actuator systems, power supply, material selection, weight, cooling system and operation.

  10. Carpet Maintenance Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffin, William R.

    1999-01-01

    Discusses ways to make carpet maintenance in schools easier and effective for keeping carpeted areas in schools attractive and long lasting. Covers cleaning tips for basic spills, ideas for staying on top of stains, and suggestions for eliminating odors. (GR)

  11. Computer-Assisted Microcomputer Preventive Maintenance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ives, David J.

    1993-01-01

    Proposes a solution to the problem of preventive microcomputer maintenance in libraries. The strategy involves a batch program, small paper form, simple WordPerfect macro, and on-diskette log form which saves time, quickly generates standard reports, increases efficiency, eliminates most paperwork, and offers the flexibility for modification and…

  12. The $7-Billion Patch for Campus Maintenance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlson, Scott

    2009-01-01

    Colleges are facing a growing deferred-maintenance problem, which at many public institutions adds up to repair bills in the hundreds of millions of dollars. Sometimes state legislatures have not supported those colleges at levels needed to maintain campus infrastructure. But at the same time, colleges continue to expand their campuses even as…

  13. Evaluation of Counseling Outcomes at a University Counseling Center: The Impact of Clinically Significant Change on Problem Resolution and Academic Functioning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Choi, Keum-Hyeong; Buskey, Wendy; Johnson, Bonita

    2010-01-01

    The main purpose of this study was to investigate how receiving personal counseling at a university counseling center helps students deal with their personal problems and facilitates academic functioning. To that end, this study used both clinical and academic outcome measures that are relevant to the practice of counseling provided at a…

  14. Qualitative Analysis for Maintenance Process Assessment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Brand, Lionel; Kim, Yong-Mi; Melo, Walcelio; Seaman, Carolyn; Basili, Victor

    1996-01-01

    In order to improve software maintenance processes, we first need to be able to characterize and assess them. These tasks must be performed in depth and with objectivity since the problems are complex. One approach is to set up a measurement-based software process improvement program specifically aimed at maintenance. However, establishing a measurement program requires that one understands the problems to be addressed by the measurement program and is able to characterize the maintenance environment and processes in order to collect suitable and cost-effective data. Also, enacting such a program and getting usable data sets takes time. A short term substitute is therefore needed. We propose in this paper a characterization process aimed specifically at maintenance and based on a general qualitative analysis methodology. This process is rigorously defined in order to be repeatable and usable by people who are not acquainted with such analysis procedures. A basic feature of our approach is that actual implemented software changes are analyzed in order to understand the flaws in the maintenance process. Guidelines are provided and a case study is shown that demonstrates the usefulness of the approach.

  15. Building Maintenance, Management, and Budgeting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pawsey, M. R.

    1982-01-01

    Australian methods and formulas for funding building maintenance and management are outlined and found to be haphazard. Discussed are: ultimate costs of deferred maintenance, major plant replacements, life cycle costing, types of maintenance programs (including full preventive maintenance), use of computer programs for planning, and organization…

  16. Maintenance strategies for greater availability

    SciTech Connect

    Pradhan, S. )

    1994-01-01

    Benchmark studies have confirmed there is a very wide gap in perceived world-class versus actual maintenance performance. To bridge this gap, companies will have to quickly adopt appropriate preventive and predictive maintenance practices and implement total productive maintenance (TPM) and reliability centered maintenance (RCM) practices. In process plants the whole approach to maintenance is slipshod, with a jumble of acronyms like PM/RM/CPM/flexing/multi-skilling, etc., giving a false sense of progress. North American maintenance benchmarks and British maintenance best practice give a very clear picture of current maintenance practices. Both of these studies indicate that breakdown maintenance is the dominant mode of maintenance in the progress industries. There are several key steps to be followed in establishing a strategy for maintenance improvements: (1) Recognize maintenance as an executive function; (2) Establish a solid maintenance performance database; (3) Review the existing plant maintenance practices; (4) Review and understand world-class maintenance practices; and (5) Design a master plan for a world-class system: Define the plant and maintenance resources; Define multi-skilling strategy; Define training and education levels for each job grouping; and Apply, and don't just talk about TPM and RCM.

  17. Reliability Centered Maintenance - Methodologies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kammerer, Catherine C.

    2009-01-01

    Journal article about Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM) methodologies used by United Space Alliance, LLC (USA) in support of the Space Shuttle Program at Kennedy Space Center. The USA Reliability Centered Maintenance program differs from traditional RCM programs because various methodologies are utilized to take advantage of their respective strengths for each application. Based on operational experience, USA has customized the traditional RCM methodology into a streamlined lean logic path and has implemented the use of statistical tools to drive the process. USA RCM has integrated many of the L6S tools into both RCM methodologies. The tools utilized in the Measure, Analyze, and Improve phases of a Lean Six Sigma project lend themselves to application in the RCM process. All USA RCM methodologies meet the requirements defined in SAE JA 1011, Evaluation Criteria for Reliability-Centered Maintenance (RCM) Processes. The proposed article explores these methodologies.

  18. Optical Maintenance in PONs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Caviglia, Francesco; Di Biase, Valerio C.; Gnazzo, Angelantonio

    1999-10-01

    The maintenance of the ODN (optical distribution network) in PONs (Passive Optical Networks) to be used for the future telecommunication access networks is discussed. A review of the techniques used to perform this function, aimed to guarantee the performances of optical cables, splices, connectors, and other passive components of the network, is provided. Post-fault maintenance (to detect, locate, and restore the faults) and preventive maintenance (to reduce the fault events) are both considered. The use of measuring and monitoring systems based on OTDRs (optical time domain reflectometers) is examined in detail, considering the different proposed schemes. These are based on reference reflectors set at the end of the branches, fiber selectors, wavelength division routing, chained branches, and use of dedicated fibers. An overview of the key components for the considered measuring and monitoring systems is given, considering the present status and the foreseeable evolution for the different devices: optical selectors, filters, reflectors, couplers, selective wavelength routers, and OTDRs.

  19. Frequent problems and their resolutions by using thermal asymmetric interlaced PCR (TAIL-PCR) to clone genes in Arabidopsis T-DNA tagged mutants

    PubMed Central

    Wu, Lei; Di, Dong-Wei; Zhang, Dan; Song, Bin; Luo, Pan; Guo, Guang-Qin

    2015-01-01

    T-DNA insertional mutagenesis is a powerful tool in Arabidopsis functional genomics research. Previous studies have developed thermal asymmetric interlaced polymerase chain reaction (TAIL-PCR) as an efficient strategy in isolation of DNA sequences adjacent to known sequences in T-DNA tagged mutants. However, a number of problems are encountered when attempts are made to clone flanking sequences in T-DNA tagged mutants. Therefore, it is necessary to improve the efficiency of cloning mutagenesis. Here, we present the most frequent problems and provide an improved method to increase TAIL-PCR efficiency. Even then, it is not always possible to successfully obtain flanking sequences; in such cases, we recommend using high-throughput sequencing to determine the mutations. PMID:26019639

  20. Maintenance simulation: Software issues

    SciTech Connect

    Luk, C.H.; Jette, M.A.

    1995-07-01

    The maintenance of a distributed software system in a production environment involves: (1) maintaining software integrity, (2) maintaining and database integrity, (3) adding new features, and (4) adding new systems. These issues will be discussed in general: what they are and how they are handled. This paper will present our experience with a distributed resource management system that accounts for resources consumed, in real-time, on a network of heterogenous computers. The simulated environments to maintain this system will be presented relate to the four maintenance areas.

  1. Conflict Resolution for Contrasting Cultures.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clarke, Clifford C.; Lipp, G. Douglas

    1998-01-01

    A seven-step process can help people from different cultures understand each other's intentions and perceptions so they can work together harmoniously: problem identification, problem clarification, cultural exploration, organizational exploration, conflict resolution, impact assessment, and organizational integration. (JOW)

  2. Resolution of Compliance Violation in Business Process Models: A Planning-Based Approach

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Awad, Ahmed; Smirnov, Sergey; Weske, Mathias

    Keeping business processes compliant with regulations is of major importance for companies. Considering the huge number of models each company possesses, automation of compliance maintenance becomes essential. Therefore, many approaches focused on automation of various aspects of compliance problem, e.g., compliance verification. Such techniques allow localizing the problem within the process model. However, they are not able to resolve the violations. In this paper we address the problem of (semi) automatic violation resolution, addressing violations of execution ordering compliance rules. We build upon previous work in categorizing the violations into types and employ automated planning to ensure compliance. The problem of choosing the concrete resolution strategy is addressed by the concept of context.

  3. Facilitating Transfer and Maintenance of Fluency in Stuttering Therapy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hanna, Richmond; Owen, Neville

    1977-01-01

    The present state of stuttering therapy programs enables the clinician to render many stutterers virtually stutter-free in the clinic; however, the transfer of fluency to nonclinical situations and its maintenance over time are major clinical problems. (Author)

  4. Exact tensor hypercontraction: a universal technique for the resolution of matrix elements of local finite-range N-body potentials in many-body quantum problems.

    PubMed

    Parrish, Robert M; Hohenstein, Edward G; Schunck, Nicolas F; Sherrill, C David; Martnez, Todd J

    2013-09-27

    Configuration-space matrix elements of N-body potentials arise naturally and ubiquitously in the Ritz-Galerkin solution of many-body quantum problems. For the common specialization of local, finite-range potentials, we develop the exact tensor hypercontraction method, which provides a quantized renormalization of the coordinate-space form of the N-body potential, allowing for a highly separable tensor factorization of the configuration-space matrix elements. This representation allows for substantial computational savings in chemical, atomic, and nuclear physics simulations, particularly with respect to difficult "exchangelike" contractions. PMID:24116775

  5. School Maintenance Needs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erickson, Paul W.

    2011-01-01

    The United States is full of schools built in the 1950s and 60s that supported the boomer school-age enrollment increase. These schools, once beacons of the neighborhood, are 50 to 60 years old and susceptible to becoming the community "eyesore." Budgeting for maintenance was fairly systematic for school districts for the first 10 to 20 years…

  6. Care and Maintenance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hampton, Carol D.; Hampton, Carolyn H.

    1980-01-01

    Described is a method for bringing the sea into the classroom by setting up a saltwater aquarium. Included is selection of an aquarium, filtering systems, water (whether natural salt or synthetic sea salts), bottom materials, setting up an aquarium, system stabilization, stocking an aquarium, and maintenance of the aquarium. (DS)

  7. Preventive Maintenance Process

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ciaruffoli, Veronica; Bramley, Craig; Matteson, Mike

    2001-01-01

    The Preventive Maintenance (PM) program at Stennis Space Center (SSC) evolved from an ineffective and poorly organized state to a highly organized state in which it became capable of tracking equipment, planning jobs with man hour estimates, and supporting outsourcing. This viewgraph presentation traces the steps the program took to improve itself.

  8. Maintenance Crisis vs Solutions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haggard, Susie

    Industrial maintenance in Northeast Georgia is facing an acute crisis. Contributing factors are economic development that is depleting the work force, aging of the population, downsizing of the military, and lack of technical school graduates. Solutions to the crisis fall into three categories: short-term, mid-term, and long-term. For short-term…

  9. Diesel Vehicle Maintenance Competencies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Braswell, Robert; And Others

    Designed to provide a model set of competencies, this manual presents tasks which were identified by employers, employees, and teachers as important in a postsecondary diesel vehicle maintenance curriculum. The tasks are divided into seven major component areas of instruction: chassis and suspension, diesel engines, diesel fuel, electrical,

  10. CH Packaging Maintenance Manual

    SciTech Connect

    Washington TRU Solutions

    2002-01-02

    This procedure provides instructions for performing inner containment vessel (ICV) and outer containment vessel (OCV) maintenance and periodic leakage rate testing on the following packaging seals and corresponding seal surfaces using a nondestructive helium (He) leak test. In addition, this procedure provides instructions for performing ICV and OCV structural pressure tests.

  11. Sewer Maintenance Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ontario Ministry of the Environment, Toronto.

    Outlined are practices and procedures that should be followed in order to protect and fully realize the benefits of sewer systems and also to maximize service and minimize inconveniences to the public. Written in practical terms, the manual is designed to be of immediate use to municipal employees and others involved in sewer maintenance

  12. Computerized Fleet Maintenance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cataldo, John J.

    The computerization of school bus maintenance records by the Niskayuna (New York) Central School District enabled the district's transportation department to engage in management practices resulting in significant savings. The district obtains computer analyses of the work performed on all vehicles, including time spent, parts, labor, costs,

  13. Electrical Maintenance Technician.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center on Education and Training for Employment.

    This document contains 30 units to consider for use in a tech prep competency profile for the occupation of electrical maintenance technician. All the units listed will not necessarily apply to every situation or tech prep consortium, nor will all the competencies within each unit be appropriate. Several units appear within each specific…

  14. Computerized Fleet Maintenance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cataldo, John J.

    The computerization of school bus maintenance records by the Niskayuna (New York) Central School District enabled the district's transportation department to engage in management practices resulting in significant savings. The district obtains computer analyses of the work performed on all vehicles, including time spent, parts, labor, costs,…

  15. Operations and maintenance philosophy

    SciTech Connect

    DUNCAN, G.P.

    1999-10-28

    This Operations and Maintenance (O&M) Philosophy document is intended to establish a future O&M vision, with an increased focus on minimizing worker exposure, ensuring uninterrupted retrieval operations, and minimizing operation life-cycle cost. It is intended that this document would incorporate O&M lessons learned into on-going and future project upgrades.

  16. Floors: Care and Maintenance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Post Office Dept., Washington, DC.

    Guidelines, methods and policies regarding the care and maintenance of post office building floors are overviewed in this handbook. Procedures outlined are concerned with maintaining a required level of appearance without wasting manpower. Flooring types and characteristics and the particular cleaning requirements of each type are given along with…

  17. Horticulture: Grounds Maintenance Employee.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sims, James; And Others

    The unit of individualized learning activities is designed to provide training in grounds maintenance. The materials in the unit are divided into two sections. The developmental or preliminary phase (15 pages) is for use by the instructor and includes brief descriptions of the job and of the student population, along with listings of the specific…

  18. Grounds Maintenance Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chesapeake Public Schools, VA. Office of Program Evaluation.

    The Grounds Shop of the Chesapeake Public School Division (Virginia) Department of School Plants was evaluated in 1995-96. The goals of the grounds maintenance program are to provide safe and attractive grounds for students, parents, and staff of the school district. The evaluation examined the extent to which these goals are being met by using…

  19. Summer Roof Maintenance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liscum, Curtis L.

    1999-01-01

    Presents the items to review in roofing maintenance to prepare for the impact of summer, including checking drainage, roof-field surface and membrane, flashings, sheet metal, and rooftop equipment, such as skylights and penthouses. A list of roofing facts facility managers should know are highlighted. (GR)

  20. Building Maintenance Syllabus.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fischer, Joseph; Messier, Joseph

    Building maintenance is a basic two-year trade education course requiring 2 1/2 hours of study on each of 160 teaching days per year. Student abilities should range from those capable of the simplest custodial work to those who may eventually be superintendents of building complexes. The syllabus is organized in sections by traditional skills…

  1. Electrical Maintenance Technician.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center on Education and Training for Employment.

    This document contains 30 units to consider for use in a tech prep competency profile for the occupation of electrical maintenance technician. All the units listed will not necessarily apply to every situation or tech prep consortium, nor will all the competencies within each unit be appropriate. Several units appear within each specific

  2. Diesel Vehicle Maintenance Competencies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Braswell, Robert; And Others

    Designed to provide a model set of competencies, this manual presents tasks which were identified by employers, employees, and teachers as important in a postsecondary diesel vehicle maintenance curriculum. The tasks are divided into seven major component areas of instruction: chassis and suspension, diesel engines, diesel fuel, electrical,…

  3. Home Maintenance Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richmond, Jim; And Others

    This manual, written especially for the Navajo and Hopi Indian Relocation Commission, is a simply worded, step-by-step guide to home maintenance for new homeowners. It can be used for self-study or it can serve as instructional material for a training class on home ownership. The manual is organized in nine sections that cover the following…

  4. Human factors in aircraft maintenance and inspection

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shepherd, William T.

    1992-01-01

    The events which have led to the intensive study of aircraft structural problems have contributed in no less measure to the study of human factors which influence aircraft maintenance and inspection. Initial research emphasis on aging aircraft maintenance and inspection has since broadened to include all aircraft types. Technicians must be equally adept at repairing old and new aircraft. Their skills must include the ability to repair sheet metal and composite materials; control cable and fly-by-wire systems; round dials and glass cockpits. Their work performance is heavily influenced by others such as designers, technical writers, job card authors, schedulers, and trainers. This paper describes the activities concerning aircraft and maintenance human factors.

  5. ROV overcomes deepwater problems

    SciTech Connect

    Frisbie, F.R.; Hughes, E.W.

    1984-09-01

    The use of remotely operated vehicles (ROVs) in supportive drill ships operating in more than 200 meters of water poses severe technical and operational problems. Defining these problems beforehand and addressing them during design, manufacture, testing and installation ensures a functional and effective support capability. Such problems as the availability of desk space, and the subsequent installation, maintenance, and the launch/recovery of the system are described.

  6. Proposed SOLCOST maintenance activities

    SciTech Connect

    1980-01-01

    This document provides a short description of work that has been accomplished to date and work in progress. A discussion of the program status as it is currently configured follows and finally proposed work by Solar Environmental Engineering Company (SEEC) in its most recently signed contract with the Department of Energy (DOE) is given. Early statements are designed to give the reader a good background so that the suggested SOLCOST maintenance activities will be more easily understood.

  7. Flight Crew Health Maintenance

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gullett, C. C.

    1970-01-01

    The health maintenance program for commercial flight crew personnel includes diet, weight control, and exercise to prevent heart disease development and disability grounding. The very high correlation between hypertension and overweight in cardiovascular diseases significantly influences the prognosis for a coronary prone individual and results in a high rejection rate of active military pilots applying for civilian jobs. In addition to physical fitness the major items stressed in pilot selection are: emotional maturity, glucose tolerance, and family health history.

  8. Training for Maintenance in Developing Countries. Training Discussion Paper No. 97.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gasskov, V.

    This paper focuses on training policy issues related to the development of maintenance practices in middle- and low-income developing countries. Chapter 1 provides a definition and discusses various approaches to maintenance. It shows the major trends in maintenance skill changes, such as increased problem-solving and information technology…

  9. [Practice and exploration of medical equipment's preventive maintenance based on risk analysis].

    PubMed

    Chen, Miankang; Yu, Shizhun; Bao, Juncheng; Zhang, Wenlong; Zhou, Na; Xia, Guanqun

    2014-03-01

    This paper analyzes the characteristics of medical equipment's preventive maintenance, and it expounds the objective and methods of introducing risk management to medical equipment's preventive maintenance,what's more,the problem of establishment object and cycle of preventive maintenance was solved scientifically. PMID:24941785

  10. PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE. HONEYWELL PLANNING GUIDE.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Honeywell, Inc., Minneapolis, Minn.

    THIS HONEYWELL PAMPHLET DISCUSSES SOME ASPECTS OF PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE OF AUTOMATIC CONTROLS, HEATING, VENTILATING, AND AIR CONDITIONING, AND COMPARES IN-PLANT WITH CONTRACT SERVICE, CONCLUDING THAT CONTRACT SERVICE IS PREFERABLE AND DESCRIBING A NUMBER OF MAINTENANCE PLANS WHICH THEY FURNISH. PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE PROVIDES--(1) MORE EFFICIENT…

  11. AUTOMOTIVE DIESEL MAINTENANCE. PROGRAM OUTLINE.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Human Engineering Inst., Cleveland, OH.

    INFORMATIONAL TOPICS COVERED IN THE TEXT MATERIALS AND SELF-INSTRUCTIONAL BRANCH PROGRAMED TRAINING FILMS FOR A 2-YEAR, 55 MODULE PROGRAM IN AUTOMOTIVE DIESEL MAINTENANCE ARE GIVEN. THE 30 MODULES FOR "AUTOMOTIVE DIESEL MAINTENANCE 1" ARE AVAILABLE AS VT 005 655 - VT 005 684, AND THE 25 MODULES FOR "AUTOMOTIVE DIESEL MAINTENANCE 2" ARE AVAILABLE…

  12. Paranal maintenance and CMMS experience

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Montano, Nelson

    2004-10-01

    During the last four years of operations, low technical downtime has been one of the relevant records of the Paranal Observatory. From the beginning of the Very Large Telescope (VLT) project, European Southern Observatory (ESO) has considered the implementation of a proper maintenance strategy a fundamental point in order to ensure low technical down time and preserve the Observatory's assets. The implementation of the maintenance strategy was based on the following aspects: - Strong maintenance sense during the design stage. Line Replacement Unit (LRU) concept, standardization and modularity of the Observatory equipment - Creation of a dedicated team for Maintenance - The implementation of a Computerized Maintenance Management System After four operational years, the result of these aspects has exceeded the expectations; the Observatory has been operating with high availability under a sustainable strategy. The strengths of the maintenance strategy have been based on modern maintenance concepts applied by regular production companies, where any minute of down time involves high cost. The operation of the actual Paranal Maintenance System is based mainly on proactive activities, such as regular inspections, preventive maintenance (PM) and predictive maintenance (PdM) plans. Nevertheless, it has been necessary to implement a strong plan for corrective maintenance (CM). The Spare Parts Strategy has also been an important point linked to the Maintenance Strategy and CMMS implementation. At present, almost 4,000 items related to the Observatory spare parts are loaded into the CMMS database. Currently, we are studying the implementation of a Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM) project in one of our critical systems The following document presents the actual status of the Paranal Maintenance Strategy and which have been the motivations to implement the established strategy.

  13. [Dispute Resolutions].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hale, Claudia L.; Cooks, Leda M.

    1994-01-01

    Focusing on the teaching of alternative dispute resolutions at universities, Claudia L. Hale and Leda M. Cooks argue that mediation should be taught primarily as a communication process that involves the joint efforts of mediator and disputants. Teachers of mediation should begin by distinguishing mediation from other forms of dispute resolution,…

  14. Maintenance and supply options

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1988-01-01

    The object of the Maintenance and Supply Option was to develop a high level operational philosophy related to maintenance and supply operations and incorporate these concepts into the Lunar Base Study. Specific products to be generated during this task were three trade studies and a conceptual design of the Logistic Supply Module. The crew size study was performed to evaluate crew sizes from the baseline size of four to a crew size of eight and determine the preferred crew size. The second trade study was to determine the impact of extending surface stay times and recommend a preferred duration of stay time as a function of crew, consumables, and equipment support capabilities. The third trade study was an evaluation of packaging and storage methods to determine the preferred logistics approach to support the lunar base. A modified scenario was developed and served as the basis of the individual trade studies. Assumptions and guidelines were also developed from experience with Apollo programs, Space Shuttle operations, and Space Station studies. With this information, the trade studies were performed and a conceptual design for the Logistic Supply Module was developed.

  15. Towards automated traceability maintenance

    PubMed Central

    Mäder, Patrick; Gotel, Orlena

    2012-01-01

    Traceability relations support stakeholders in understanding the dependencies between artifacts created during the development of a software system and thus enable many development-related tasks. To ensure that the anticipated benefits of these tasks can be realized, it is necessary to have an up-to-date set of traceability relations between the established artifacts. This goal requires the creation of traceability relations during the initial development process. Furthermore, the goal also requires the maintenance of traceability relations over time as the software system evolves in order to prevent their decay. In this paper, an approach is discussed that supports the (semi-) automated update of traceability relations between requirements, analysis and design models of software systems expressed in the UML. This is made possible by analyzing change events that have been captured while working within a third-party UML modeling tool. Within the captured flow of events, development activities comprised of several events are recognized. These are matched with predefined rules that direct the update of impacted traceability relations. The overall approach is supported by a prototype tool and empirical results on the effectiveness of tool-supported traceability maintenance are provided. PMID:23471308

  16. Remote maintenance monitoring system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Simpkins, Lorenz G. (Inventor); Owens, Richard C. (Inventor); Rochette, Donn A. (Inventor)

    1992-01-01

    A remote maintenance monitoring system retrofits to a given hardware device with a sensor implant which gathers and captures failure data from the hardware device, without interfering with its operation. Failure data is continuously obtained from predetermined critical points within the hardware device, and is analyzed with a diagnostic expert system, which isolates failure origin to a particular component within the hardware device. For example, monitoring of a computer-based device may include monitoring of parity error data therefrom, as well as monitoring power supply fluctuations therein, so that parity error and power supply anomaly data may be used to trace the failure origin to a particular plane or power supply within the computer-based device. A plurality of sensor implants may be rerofit to corresponding plural devices comprising a distributed large-scale system. Transparent interface of the sensors to the devices precludes operative interference with the distributed network. Retrofit capability of the sensors permits monitoring of even older devices having no built-in testing technology. Continuous real time monitoring of a distributed network of such devices, coupled with diagnostic expert system analysis thereof, permits capture and analysis of even intermittent failures, thereby facilitating maintenance of the monitored large-scale system.

  17. 14 CFR 43.9 - Content, form, and disposition of maintenance, preventive maintenance, rebuilding, and alteration...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... maintenance, preventive maintenance, rebuilding, and alteration records (except inspections performed in..., PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE, REBUILDING, AND ALTERATION § 43.9 Content, form, and disposition of maintenance, preventive maintenance, rebuilding, and alteration records (except inspections performed in accordance...

  18. 14 CFR 43.3 - Persons authorized to perform maintenance, preventive maintenance, rebuilding, and alterations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ..., preventive maintenance, rebuilding, and alterations. 43.3 Section 43.3 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE, PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE, REBUILDING, AND ALTERATION § 43.3 Persons authorized to perform maintenance, preventive maintenance, rebuilding,...

  19. High resolution drift chambers

    SciTech Connect

    Va'vra, J.

    1985-07-01

    High precision drift chambers capable of achieving less than or equal to 50 ..mu..m resolutions are discussed. In particular, we compare so called cool and hot gases, various charge collection geometries, several timing techniques and we also discuss some systematic problems. We also present what we would consider an ''ultimate'' design of the vertex chamber. 50 refs., 36 figs., 6 tabs.

  20. International Conflict Resolution Workshops.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohen, Stephen P.

    This paper describes two attempts to utilize a conflict resolution approach in academic settings. The approach includes: (1) the significance of the structure of communication between parties in conflict; (2) the understanding of face-to-face interaction processes; (3) problems of perceptual distortion; and (4) political socializations. The…

  1. Drug problems in Amsterdam.

    PubMed

    Scheele, W

    1989-11-01

    In the Netherlands, the problems associated with soft drugs were overcome by legalising the use of cannabis. However, the programme of methadone maintenance for heroin users has been less successful and the argument that heroin should also be legalised is considered. PMID:2616528

  2. 18 CFR 380.15 - Siting and maintenance requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... resolution of a dispute as explained in section 1b.21(g) of the Commission's regulations (18 CFR 1b.21(g... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Siting and maintenance requirements. 380.15 Section 380.15 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY...

  3. Augmented reality application utility for aviation maintenance work instruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pourcho, John Bryan

    Current aviation maintenance work instructions do not display information effectively enough to prevent costly errors and safety concerns. Aircraft are complex assemblies of highly interrelated components that confound troubleshooting and can make the maintenance procedure difficult (Drury & Gramopadhye, 2001). The sophisticated nature of aircraft maintenance necessitates a revolutionized training intervention for aviation maintenance technicians (United States General Accounting Office, 2003). Quite simply, the paper based job task cards fall short of offering rapid access to technical data and the system or component visualization necessary for working on complex integrated aircraft systems. Possible solutions to this problem include upgraded standards for paper based task cards and the use of integrated 3D product definition used on various mobile platforms (Ropp, Thomas, Lee, Broyles, Lewin, Andreychek, & Nicol, 2013). Previous studies have shown that incorporation of 3D graphics in work instructions allow the user to more efficiently and accurately interpret maintenance information (Jackson & Batstone, 2008). For aircraft maintenance workers, the use of mobile 3D model-based task cards could make current paper task card standards obsolete with their ability to deliver relevant, synchronized information to and from the hangar. Unlike previous versions of 3D model-based definition task cards and paper task cards, which are currently used in the maintenance industry, 3D model based definition task cards have the potential to be more mobile and accessible. Utilizing augmented reality applications on mobile devices to seamlessly deliver 3D product definition on mobile devices could increase the efficiency, accuracy, and reduce the mental workload for technicians when performing maintenance tasks (Macchiarella, 2004). This proposal will serve as a literary review of the aviation maintenance industry, the spatial ability of maintenance technicians, and benefits of modern digital hardware to educate, point out gaps in research, and observe possible foundations on which to build the future of aviation maintenance job task cards leading to a the methodology of the proposed study.

  4. Harnessing the power of maintenance

    SciTech Connect

    Toomey, G.

    2006-03-15

    More electric utilities are realizing that structured, comprehensive and proactive maintenance strategies deliver uptime to their bottom line. The article presents four case studies illustrating some of the available solutions to coal and gas-fired plant maintenance. These were: a maintenance strategy review of five coal fired and 22 gas-fired units to identify the importance of equipment along with maintenance tasks; a predictive maintenance program monitoring vibration to detect machine fault conditions including bearing condition; setting up a network to monitor data from several coal- and gas-fired plants at one central location; and creating a maintenance strategy to cushion against the possibility of unscheduled downtime and imposed penalties. 2 photos.

  5. Revision of certification standards for aviation maintenance personnel

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Vipond, Leslie K.

    1992-01-01

    Part 65, Subparts D and E, of the Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR) identify the certification requirements for aviation mechanics and aviation repairmen. The training, experience, privileges, ratings, recordkeeping, and currency requirements for aviation maintenance personnel are also addressed by those parts of the FAR. The recent emergence of the aging fleet problem and the introduction of new technologies, aircraft, engines, and aeronautical products has caused certain portions of these rules to become obsolete. Further, international political arrangements, such as bilateral airworthiness and maintenance agreements, International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) standards, certain international agreements for maintenance personnel training, and mechanic certificate reciprocity, have all impacted on the current regulatory policy.

  6. Risk-based maintenance modeling. Prioritization of maintenance importances and quantification of maintenance effectiveness

    SciTech Connect

    Vesely, W.E.; Rezos, J.T.

    1995-09-01

    This report describes methods for prioritizing the risk importances of maintenances using a Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA). Approaches then are described for quantifying their reliability and risk effects. Two different PRA importance measures, minimal cutset importances and risk reduction importances, were used to prioritize maintenances; the findings show that both give similar results if appropriate criteria are used. The justifications for the particular importance measures also are developed. The methods developed to quantify the reliability and risk effects of maintenance actions are extensions of the usual reliability models now used in PRAs. These extended models consider degraded states of the component, and quantify the benefits of maintenance in correcting degradations and preventing failures. The negative effects of maintenance, including downtimes, also are included. These models are specific types of Markov models. The data for these models can be obtained from plant maintenance logs and from the Nuclear Plant Reliability Data System (NPRDS). To explore the potential usefulness of these models, the authors analyzed a range of postulated values of input data. These models were used to examine maintenance effects on a components reliability and performance for various maintenance programs and component data. Maintenance schedules were analyzed to optimize the component`s availability. In specific cases, the effects of maintenance were found to be large.

  7. School Building Maintenance Procedures. School Plant Management Series. Bulletin, 1964, No. 17. OE-21027

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finchum, R. N.

    1964-01-01

    Adequate maintenance of school buildings representing a public investment of billions of dollars is a problem of grave concern to both taxpayers and school officials. This publication, one of a series dealing with school plant management problems, identifies, describes, shows the function of, and outlines maintenance procedures for many components…

  8. TCMS operations and maintenance philosophy

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Buehler, David P.; Griffin, Rock E.

    1992-01-01

    The purpose is to describe the basic philosophies of operating and maintaining the Test, Control, and Monitor System (TCMS) equipment. TCMS is a complex and sophisticated checkout system. Operations and maintenance processes developed to support it will be based upon current experience, but will be focused on the specific needs of TCMS in support of Space Station Freedom Program (SSFP) and related activities. An overview of the operations and maintenance goals and philosophies are presented. The assumptions, roles and responsibilities, concepts and interfaces for operation, on-line maintenance, off-line support, and Operations and Maintenance (O&M) personnel training on all TCMS equipment located at KSC are described.

  9. Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Industrial Maintenance General Maintenance Cluster.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

    These skill standards for the industrial maintenance general maintenance cluster are intended to be a guide to workforce preparation program providers in defining content for their programs and to employers to establish the skills and standards necessary for job acquisition. An introduction provides the Illinois perspective; Illinois Occupational…

  10. IMIS: Integrated Maintenance Information System. A maintenance information delivery concept

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Vonholle, Joseph C.

    1987-01-01

    The Integrated Maintenance Information System (IMIS) will optimize the use of available manpower, enhance technical performance, improve training, and reduce the support equipment and documentation needed for deployment. It will serve as the technician's single, integrated source of all the technical information required to perform modern aircraft maintenance.

  11. Space shuttle maintenance program planning document

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Brown, D. V.

    1972-01-01

    A means for developing a space shuttle maintenance program which will be acceptable to the development centers, the operators (KSC and AF), and the manufacturer is presented. The general organization and decision processes for determining the essential scheduled maintenance requirements for the space shuttle orbiter are outlined. The development of initial scheduled maintenance programs is discussed. The remaining maintenance, that is non-scheduled or non-routine maintenance, is directed by the findings of the scheduled maintenance program and the normal operation of the shuttle. The remaining maintenance consists of maintenance actions to correct discrepancies noted during scheduled maintenance tasks, nonscheduled maintenance, normal operation, or condition monitoring.

  12. 14 CFR 121.367 - Maintenance, preventive maintenance, and alterations programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Maintenance, preventive maintenance, and..., Preventive Maintenance, and Alterations § 121.367 Maintenance, preventive maintenance, and alterations..., preventive maintenance, and alterations that ensures that— (a) Maintenance, preventive......

  13. 14 CFR 135.433 - Maintenance and preventive maintenance training program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Maintenance and preventive maintenance... SUCH AIRCRAFT Maintenance, Preventive Maintenance, and Alterations § 135.433 Maintenance and preventive maintenance training program. Each certificate holder or a person performing maintenance or...

  14. Nonviolent Conflict Resolution in Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bretherton, Diane

    1996-01-01

    Explores some of the research that describes the process of growing up to be violent, reviews a typical conflict-resolution program in the schools, and describes an action research project that provides some pointers on the development of conflict-resolution programs that address the problem of violence in greater depth. (SM)

  15. Automated System Programs Preventive Maintenance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Locke, Richard C.

    1987-01-01

    A preventive maintenance system provides for the monitoring and inspection of school building elements in a programmed way through an automatic checklist. Utility cost savings are expected along with reduction of travel and wait time, and measurable standards of performance for all maintenance and repair work. (MLF)

  16. Modern Method for Preventive Maintenance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Howard D.

    1974-01-01

    Describes a system at Michigan State University that comprises 16 separate programs and schedules 25,000 manhours of preventive maintenance. With information about preventive maintenance for over 100,000 units stored in its computer, the university saves personnel, time, and energy. (Author/MLF)

  17. Cognitive Load and Maintenance Rehearsal.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Naveh-Benjamin, Moshe; and Jonides, John

    1984-01-01

    Studies the much-debated issue of the role of rote, repetitive rehearsal (maintenance rehearsal) on the establishment of memory traces that outlast the rehearsal process itself. Results show that there is an effect of maintenance rehearsal on long-term recognition performance and that this effect depends on the mental resources devoted to the…

  18. Achieving world class maintenance status

    SciTech Connect

    Tomlingson, P.D.

    2007-08-15

    The article written by a management consultant, discusses the art of successful planning and operation of maintenance in mines considering factors such as benchmaking, key performance indices (KPIs) and frequency of procedures which can help achieve 'world class maintenance'. 1 fig.

  19. Recent Research on Language Maintenance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garcia, MaryEllen

    2003-01-01

    Describes recent research on language maintenance to provide broad, worldwide coverage of different language contact situations. Surveys various countries in which research within ethnic and minority language communities illuminates language maintenance or shift, or revitalization, for that group. (Author/VWL)

  20. Maintenance Audit through Value Analysis Technique: A Case Study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carnero, M. C.; Delgado, S.

    2008-11-01

    The increase in competitiveness, technological changes and the increase in the requirements of quality and service have forced a change in the design and application of maintenance, as well as the way in which it is considered within the managerial strategy. There are numerous maintenance activities that must be developed in a service company. As a result the maintenance functions as a whole have to be outsourced. Nevertheless, delegating this subject to specialized personnel does not exempt the company from responsibilities, but rather leads to the need for control of each maintenance activity. In order to achieve this control and to evaluate the efficiency and effectiveness of the company it is essential to carry out an audit that diagnoses the problems that could develop. In this paper a maintenance audit applied to a service company is developed. The methodology applied is based on the expert systems. The expert system by means of rules uses the weighting technique SMART and value analysis to obtain the weighting between the decision functions and between the alternatives. The expert system applies numerous rules and relations between different variables associated with the specific maintenance functions, to obtain the maintenance state by sections and the general maintenance state of the enterprise. The contributions of this paper are related to the development of a maintenance audit in a service enterprise, in which maintenance is not generally considered a strategic subject and to the integration of decision-making tools such as the weighting technique SMART with value analysis techniques, typical in the design of new products, in the area of the rule-based expert systems.

  1. Robots for Aircraft Maintenance

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    Marshall Space Flight Center charged USBI (now Pratt & Whitney) with the task of developing an advanced stripping system based on hydroblasting to strip paint and thermal protection material from Space Shuttle solid rocket boosters. A robot, mounted on a transportable platform, controls the waterjet angle, water pressure and flow rate. This technology, now known as ARMS, has found commercial applications in the removal of coatings from jet engine components. The system is significantly faster than manual procedures and uses only minimal labor. Because the amount of "substrate" lost is minimal, the life of the component is extended. The need for toxic chemicals is reduced, as is waste disposal and human protection equipment. Users of the ARMS work cell include Delta Air Lines and the Air Force, which later contracted with USBI for development of a Large Aircraft Paint Stripping system (LARPS). LARPS' advantages are similar to ARMS, and it has enormous potential in military and civil aircraft maintenance. The technology may also be adapted to aircraft painting, aircraft inspection techniques and paint stripping of large objects like ships and railcars.

  2. Symbolic Constraint Maintenance Grid

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    James, Mark

    2006-01-01

    Version 3.1 of Symbolic Constraint Maintenance Grid (SCMG) is a software system that provides a general conceptual framework for utilizing pre-existing programming techniques to perform symbolic transformations of data. SCMG also provides a language (and an associated communication method and protocol) for representing constraints on the original non-symbolic data. SCMG provides a facility for exchanging information between numeric and symbolic components without knowing the details of the components themselves. In essence, it integrates symbolic software tools (for diagnosis, prognosis, and planning) with non-artificial-intelligence software. SCMG executes a process of symbolic summarization and monitoring of continuous time series data that are being abstractly represented as symbolic templates of information exchange. This summarization process enables such symbolic- reasoning computing systems as artificial- intelligence planning systems to evaluate the significance and effects of channels of data more efficiently than would otherwise be possible. As a result of the increased efficiency in representation, reasoning software can monitor more channels and is thus able to perform monitoring and control functions more effectively.

  3. Photographic Equipment Field Maintenance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Endelman, Lincoln L.

    1982-02-01

    Dust, moisture, insects, rodents, explosives and cleaning solutions are among the major problems that cause equipment failure. There are others; improper use, abuse, aging and disasters, but this paper deals with those methods that will keep a camera system operating by properly maintaining it.

  4. So, what's the problem?

    PubMed

    Ludden, J

    1999-01-01

    Medical care presents complex problems to physician executives--thoughtful problem definition is a crucial management task. Without understanding the context, cultures, bottom line implications, and personal relevance, problem definition is incomplete and problem resolution may be inadequate or inappropriate. If our choices are complex, some of the difficulty may lie in our understanding of the problem. Until we have properly defined the problem, we can't act to resolve it. We need to step back, reframe the issue, ask if it feels right, and understand the whole story, not just the situation at hand. The tests of an organized story are coherence, direction, meaning, and implication. These should be perceptible both as individual attributes and as a whole. The purpose of such a story is not the resolution of the problem, but a coherent understanding of the direction to be taken. When the diagnostic work-up is complete, the next step can begin. PMID:10557481

  5. 14 CFR 91.417 - Maintenance records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AND GENERAL OPERATING RULES GENERAL OPERATING AND FLIGHT RULES Maintenance, Preventive Maintenance... specified in paragraph (b) of this section: (1) Records of the maintenance, preventive maintenance, and... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Maintenance records. 91.417 Section...

  6. Health maintenance in women.

    PubMed

    Riley, Margaret; Dobson, Margaret; Jones, Elizabeth; Kirst, Nell

    2013-01-01

    The health maintenance examination is an opportunity to focus on disease prevention and health promotion. The patient history should include screening for tobacco use, alcohol misuse, intimate partner violence, and depression. Premenopausal women should receive preconception counseling and contraception as needed, and all women planning or capable of pregnancy should take 400 to 800 mcg of folic acid per day. High-risk sexually active women should be counseled on reducing the risk of sexually transmitted infections, and screened for chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis. All women should be screened for human immunodeficiency virus. Adults should be screened for obesity and elevated blood pressure. Women 20 years and older should be screened for dyslipidemia if they are at increased risk of coronary heart disease. Those with sustained blood pressure greater than 135/80 mm Hg should be screened for type 2 diabetes mellitus. Women 55 to 79 years of age should take 75 mg of aspirin per day when the benefits of stroke reduction outweigh the increased risk of gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Women should begin cervical cancer screening by Papanicolaou test at 21 years of age, and if results have been normal, screening may be discontinued at 65 years of age or after total hysterectomy. Breast cancer screening with mammography may be considered in women 40 to 49 years of age based on patients' values, and potential benefits and harms. Mammography is recommended biennially in women 50 to 74 years of age. Women should be screened for colorectal cancer from 50 to 75 years of age. Osteoporosis screening is recommended in women 65 years and older, and in younger women with a similar risk of fracture. Adults should be immunized at recommended intervals according to guidelines from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. PMID:23317023

  7. Psychological health maintenance on Space Station Freedom

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Santy, Patricia A.

    1990-01-01

    The scheduling of crew rotations at intervals of as much as 180 days on NASA's Space Station Freedom entails that the cumulative effects of psychological, emotional, and social stressors on astronauts be monitored. The Space Station's Health Maintenance Facility (HMF) will furnish preventive, diagnostic, and therapeutic assistance for significant psychiatric and interpersonal problems. Mental health professionals must be part of the team of medical personnel charged with facilitating the physiological and phychological transition from earth to space and back. An account is presently given of the critical factors to be addressed by HMF personnel on extended-duration missions.

  8. 340 Facility maintenance implementation plan

    SciTech Connect

    1995-03-01

    This Maintenance Implementation Plan (MIP) has been developed for maintenance functions associated with the 340 Facility. This plan is developed from the guidelines presented by Department of Energy (DOE) Order 4330.4B, Maintenance Management Program (DOE 1994), Chapter II. The objective of this plan is to provide baseline information for establishing and identifying Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) conformance programs and policies applicable to implementation of DOE order 4330.4B guidelines. In addition, this maintenance plan identifies the actions necessary to develop a cost-effective and efficient maintenance program at the 340 Facility. Primary responsibility for the performance and oversight of maintenance activities at the 340 Facility resides with Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC). Maintenance at the 340 Facility is performed by ICF-Kaiser Hanford (ICF-KH) South Programmatic Services crafts persons. This 340 Facility MIP provides interface requirements and responsibilities as they apply specifically to the 340 Facility. This document provides an implementation schedule which has been developed for items considered to be deficient or in need of improvement. The discussion sections, as applied to implementation at the 340 Facility, have been developed from a review of programs and practices utilizing the graded approach. Biennial review and additional reviews are conducted as significant programmatic and mission changes are made. This document is revised as necessary to maintain compliance with DOE requirements.

  9. 49 CFR 214.503 - Good-faith challenges; procedures for notification and resolution.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Roadway Maintenance Machines and Hi-Rail Vehicles § 214.503 Good-faith challenges; procedures for notification and resolution. (a) An employee operating an on-track roadway maintenance machine or hi-rail.... (b) Any employee charged with operating an on-track roadway maintenance machine or hi-rail...

  10. 49 CFR 214.503 - Good-faith challenges; procedures for notification and resolution.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Roadway Maintenance Machines and Hi-Rail Vehicles § 214.503 Good-faith challenges; procedures for notification and resolution. (a) An employee operating an on-track roadway maintenance machine or hi-rail.... (b) Any employee charged with operating an on-track roadway maintenance machine or hi-rail...

  11. 49 CFR 214.503 - Good-faith challenges; procedures for notification and resolution.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Roadway Maintenance Machines and Hi-Rail Vehicles § 214.503 Good-faith challenges; procedures for notification and resolution. (a) An employee operating an on-track roadway maintenance machine or hi-rail.... (b) Any employee charged with operating an on-track roadway maintenance machine or hi-rail...

  12. 49 CFR 214.503 - Good-faith challenges; procedures for notification and resolution.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Roadway Maintenance Machines and Hi-Rail Vehicles § 214.503 Good-faith challenges; procedures for notification and resolution. (a) An employee operating an on-track roadway maintenance machine or hi-rail.... (b) Any employee charged with operating an on-track roadway maintenance machine or hi-rail...

  13. 49 CFR 214.503 - Good-faith challenges; procedures for notification and resolution.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Roadway Maintenance Machines and Hi-Rail Vehicles § 214.503 Good-faith challenges; procedures for notification and resolution. (a) An employee operating an on-track roadway maintenance machine or hi-rail.... (b) Any employee charged with operating an on-track roadway maintenance machine or hi-rail...

  14. Minimum Maintenance Planning for School Grounds.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bruning, Walter F.

    Several factors affecting school ground maintenance, including accessibility, site size, topography, exposure, and soil conditions, are discussed. Consideration is also given to site planning, maintenance materials, lawn development, and selection of maintenance equipment. (FS)

  15. Contract Service for School Maintenance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Modern Schools, 1976

    1976-01-01

    Preventive maintenance can extend useful equipment life in a school building and keep systems running more efficiently. Points to consider before selecting a comprehensive energy management package are listed. (Author/MLF)

  16. Avionics Maintenance Technology Program Standards.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Georgia Univ., Athens. Dept. of Vocational Education.

    This publication contains statewide standards for the avionics maintenance technology program in Georgia. The standards are divided into the following categories: foundations, diploma/degree (philosophy, purpose, goals, program objectives, availability, evaluation); admissions, diploma/degree (admission requirements, provisional admission…

  17. Maintenance and Monitoring of BMPS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Two best management practice (BMP) sites in the Staten Island Bluebelt in Richmond Creek Watershed are Richmond Creek 5 (RC-5) and Richmond Creek 4 (RC-4). This presentation includes site description, briefing of initial monitoring activity, representative maintenance activity, ...

  18. Managing Custodial and Maintenance Staffs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fickes, Michael

    2001-01-01

    Presents some basic maintenance management techniques that can help schools meet their budgets, preserve staffing levels, meet productivity needs, and sustain quality services. Tips for staff recruitment, training, and retention are explored. (GR)

  19. Health Maintenance Organization (HMO) Plan

    MedlinePlus

    ... Find & compare doctors, hospitals, & other providers Health Maintenance Organization (HMO) Plan In most HMO Plans, you can ... certain service when needed. Related Resources Preferred Provider Organization (PPO) Private Fee-for-Service (PFFS) Special Needs ...

  20. 14 CFR 135.423 - Maintenance, preventive maintenance, and alteration organization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Maintenance, preventive maintenance, and... ON BOARD SUCH AIRCRAFT Maintenance, Preventive Maintenance, and Alterations § 135.423 Maintenance, preventive maintenance, and alteration organization. (a) Each certificate holder that performs any of...

  1. 14 CFR 135.437 - Authority to perform and approve maintenance, preventive maintenance, and alterations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... maintenance, preventive maintenance, and alterations. 135.437 Section 135.437 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL... AND RULES GOVERNING PERSONS ON BOARD SUCH AIRCRAFT Maintenance, Preventive Maintenance, and Alterations § 135.437 Authority to perform and approve maintenance, preventive maintenance, and...

  2. 14 CFR 121.375 - Maintenance and preventive maintenance training program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Maintenance and preventive maintenance... OPERATIONS OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: DOMESTIC, FLAG, AND SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATIONS Maintenance, Preventive Maintenance, and Alterations § 121.375 Maintenance and preventive maintenance training program....

  3. 14 CFR 121.365 - Maintenance, preventive maintenance, and alteration organization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Maintenance, preventive maintenance, and..., Preventive Maintenance, and Alterations § 121.365 Maintenance, preventive maintenance, and alteration...), preventive maintenance, or alterations, and each person with whom it arranges for the performance of...

  4. 14 CFR 135.425 - Maintenance, preventive maintenance, and alteration programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Maintenance, preventive maintenance, and... ON BOARD SUCH AIRCRAFT Maintenance, Preventive Maintenance, and Alterations § 135.425 Maintenance, preventive maintenance, and alteration programs. Each certificate holder shall have an inspection program...

  5. 14 CFR 121.379 - Authority to perform and approve maintenance, preventive maintenance, and alterations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... maintenance, preventive maintenance, and alterations. 121.379 Section 121.379 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL... OPERATIONS Maintenance, Preventive Maintenance, and Alterations § 121.379 Authority to perform and approve maintenance, preventive maintenance, and alterations. (a) A certificate holder may perform, or it may...

  6. 33 CFR 127.401 - Maintenance: General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...) WATERFRONT FACILITIES WATERFRONT FACILITIES HANDLING LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS AND LIQUEFIED HAZARDOUS GAS Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas Maintenance § 127.401 Maintenance: General. The...

  7. Optimal maintenance of a multi-unit system under dependencies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sung, Ho-Joon

    The availability, or reliability, of an engineering component greatly influences the operational cost and safety characteristics of a modern system over its life-cycle. Until recently, the reliance on past empirical data has been the industry-standard practice to develop maintenance policies that provide the minimum level of system reliability. Because such empirically-derived policies are vulnerable to unforeseen or fast-changing external factors, recent advancements in the study of topic on maintenance, which is known as optimal maintenance problem, has gained considerable interest as a legitimate area of research. An extensive body of applicable work is available, ranging from those concerned with identifying maintenance policies aimed at providing required system availability at minimum possible cost, to topics on imperfect maintenance of multi-unit system under dependencies. Nonetheless, these existing mathematical approaches to solve for optimal maintenance policies must be treated with caution when considered for broader applications, as they are accompanied by specialized treatments to ease the mathematical derivation of unknown functions in both objective function and constraint for a given optimal maintenance problem. These unknown functions are defined as reliability measures in this thesis, and theses measures (e.g., expected number of failures, system renewal cycle, expected system up time, etc.) do not often lend themselves to possess closed-form formulas. It is thus quite common to impose simplifying assumptions on input probability distributions of components' lifetime or repair policies. Simplifying the complex structure of a multi-unit system to a k-out-of-n system by neglecting any sources of dependencies is another commonly practiced technique intended to increase the mathematical tractability of a particular model. This dissertation presents a proposal for an alternative methodology to solve optimal maintenance problems by aiming to achieve the same end-goals as Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM). RCM was first introduced to the aircraft industry in an attempt to bridge the gap between the empirically-driven and theory-driven approaches to establishing optimal maintenance policies. Under RCM, qualitative processes that enable the prioritizing of functions based on the criticality and influence would be combined with mathematical modeling to obtain the optimal maintenance policies. Where this thesis work deviates from RCM is its proposal to directly apply quantitative processes to model the reliability measures in optimal maintenance problem. First, Monte Carlo (MC) simulation, in conjunction with a pre-determined Design of Experiments (DOE) table, can be used as a numerical means of obtaining the corresponding discrete simulated outcomes of the reliability measures based on the combination of decision variables (e.g., periodic preventive maintenance interval, trigger age for opportunistic maintenance, etc.). These discrete simulation results can then be regressed as Response Surface Equations (RSEs) with respect to the decision variables. Such an approach to represent the reliability measures with continuous surrogate functions (i.e., the RSEs) not only enables the application of the numerical optimization technique to solve for optimal maintenance policies, but also obviates the need to make mathematical assumptions or impose over-simplifications on the structure of a multi-unit system for the sake of mathematical tractability. The applicability of the proposed methodology to a real-world optimal maintenance problem is showcased through its application to a Time Limited Dispatch (TLD) of Full Authority Digital Engine Control (FADEC) system. In broader terms, this proof-of-concept exercise can be described as a constrained optimization problem, whose objective is to identify the optimal system inspection interval that guarantees a certain level of availability for a multi-unit system. A variety of reputable numerical techniques were used to model the problem as accurately as possible, including algorithms for the MC simulation, imperfect maintenance model from quasi renewal processes, repair time simulation, and state transition rules. Variance Reduction Techniques (VRTs) were also used in an effort to enhance MC simulation efficiency. After accurate MC simulation results are obtained, the RSEs are generated based on the goodness-of-fit measure to yield as parsimonious model as possible to construct the optimization problem. Under the assumption of constant failure rate for lifetime distributions, the inspection interval from the proposed methodology was found to be consistent with the one from the common approach used in industry that leverages Continuous Time Markov Chain (CTMC). While the latter does not consider maintenance cost settings, the proposed methodology enables an operator to consider different types of maintenance cost settings, e.g., inspection cost, system corrective maintenance cost, etc., to result in more flexible maintenance policies. When the proposed methodology was applied to the same TLD of FADEC example, but under the more generalized assumption of strictly Increasing Failure Rate (IFR) for lifetime distribution, it was shown to successfully capture component wear-out, as well as the economic dependencies among the system components.

  8. Operation and Maintenance of the 16mm Sound Film Projector.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rampino, Tony; Schexnaydre, Linda

    This manual presents information in seven sections: (1) parts of a 16mm film projector--film transport, threading, control, film projection, and sound system, and film projection correction devices, (2) threading procedures, (3) projection screens, (4) typical operating problems, (5) minor maintenance and repair techniques, (6) hints for the film…

  9. Stuttering Therapy: Transfer and Maintenance. Publication No. 19.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Speech Foundation of America, Memphis, TN.

    This volume contains six papers presented by speech therapists at a conference dealing with principles and procedures that are crucial to transfer and maintenance of the modification of stuttering and the production of increased fluency. E. G. Conture, in "The General Problem of Change," addresses some of the general issues which affect the…

  10. Managing Highway Maintenance--Training Guide and Catalog.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burke, Clyde A.

    A model curriculum is reported for training personnel who are responsible for managing highway maintenance field operations. The training is organized and sequenced by five broad areas--management problems, management by objective, work planning, work control and management systems. In each area, one or more training units are provided for each of

  11. Maintenance of Mechanical Equipment in Minnesota Schools, 1968 Survey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larson, R. E.; Rust, L. W.

    Results of a one-year research program to study maintenance procedures for operating mechanical equipment were based on the determination of--(1) the present condition and level of performance of operating mechanical equipment, (2) the problems encountered by school administrators and custodial engineers pertaining to operating mechanical…

  12. The impact of benzodiazepine use on methadone maintenance treatment outcomes.

    PubMed

    Brands, Bruna; Blake, Joan; Marsh, David C; Sproule, Beth; Jeyapalan, Renuka; Li, Selina

    2008-01-01

    The purposes of this study were to examine predictors of benzodiazepine use among methadone maintenance treatment patients, to determine whether baseline benzodiazepine use influenced ongoing use during methadone maintenance treatment, and to assess the effect of ongoing benzodiazepine use on treatment outcomes (i.e., opioid and cocaine use and treatment retention). A retrospective chart review of 172 methadone maintenance treatment patients (mean age = 34.6 years; standard deviation = 8.5 years; 64% male) from January 1997 to December 1999 was conducted. At baseline, 29% were "non-users" (past year) of benzodiazepine, 36% were "occasional users," and 35% were "regular/problem users." Regular/problem users were more likely to have started opioid use with prescription opioids, experienced more overdoses, and reported psychiatric comorbidity. Being female, more years of opioid use, and a history of psychiatric treatment were significant predictors of baseline benzodiazepine use. Ongoing benzodiazepine users were more likely to have opioid-positive and cocaine-positive urine screens during methadone maintenance treatment. Only ongoing cocaine use was negatively related to retention. Benzodiazepine use by methadone maintenance treatment patients is associated with a more complex clinical picture and may negatively influence treatment outcomes. PMID:18956528

  13. A Framework for Monitoring and Maintenance of a Tsunami Early Warning System using ITIL®

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gensch, Stephan; Günther, Michael; Henneberger, Ralph; Strollo, Angelo

    2013-04-01

    Within this work, we present our approach and ongoing efforts to establish monitoring and maintenance processes for Tsunami Early Warning Systems. Practical work is done within the context of the Indonesian Tsunami Warning System (INATEWS) at Badan Meteorologi, Klimatologi dan Geofisika (BMKG) in Jakarta, Indonesia. The German contribution is well known as GITEWS. INATEWS is composed of several thousand integrated system components and numerous software processes. Due to the heterogeneity and complexity of the system, as well as the high availability needs, being an operational TEWS, real-time monitoring, reporting and scheduled preventive maintenance are needed. To develop and install an organizational and operational methodology for maintenance processes for INATEWS, we asserted ITIL® methods and are in development of Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) together with BMKG operational and management staff. ITIL®-conforming methods are one means of IT Service Management which has been adopted by a variety of service oriented IT providers. An early warning system does not expose classical consumer services, but the dissemination of warning messages and an early warning as a product may nevertheless be viewed as distinct services provided by a TEWS. We applied methods from ITIL® to the modular and hierarchical components of an early warning center, where minimum requirements on service availability, reliability and correctness of the warning product exist, from dissemination down to each sensor component. We describe functions of actors that ensure management of incidents and problems, as well as managing applications, IT operations and further technical issues. For the components of the early warning system, we present a model of event detection and event resolution. Real-time monitoring provides automated health-checks. Errors lead to reports to designated targets. Preventive maintenance provides findings on data and system availability, and data quality. Each of the three may lead to event detection, which is filtered, categorized and prioritized. As soon as an event is detected, a corrective maintenance process is triggered, which is modeled as a circular process. The developed procedure is being tested on the full process chain for the seismic component. Afterwards, the model will be applied to the full INATEWS system. Although we present a tailor-made approach for INATEWS, the general schema of our approach can be useful for large and complex warning systems with a multitude of sensors and sensor systems that are widely geographically distributed. It may help to keep each component at a functional level, so that the final product, the dissemination of a warning message, is not going to be endangered, due to malfunction of a sub-component.

  14. 14 CFR 145.217 - Contract maintenance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... product following contract maintenance, preventive maintenance, or alterations. ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Contract maintenance. 145.217 Section 145...) SCHOOLS AND OTHER CERTIFICATED AGENCIES REPAIR STATIONS Operating Rules § 145.217 Contract maintenance....

  15. 14 CFR 91.405 - Maintenance required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AND GENERAL OPERATING RULES GENERAL OPERATING AND FLIGHT RULES Maintenance, Preventive Maintenance, and Alterations § 91.405 Maintenance required. Each owner or operator of an aircraft— (a) Shall have... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Maintenance required. 91.405 Section...

  16. 22 CFR 120.38 - Maintenance levels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Maintenance levels. 120.38 Section 120.38 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE INTERNATIONAL TRAFFIC IN ARMS REGULATIONS PURPOSE AND DEFINITIONS § 120.38 Maintenance levels. (a) Organizational-level maintenance (or basic-level maintenance) is...

  17. Preventive Maintenance Study: A Key Component in Engineering Education to Enhance Industrial Productivity and Competitiveness.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nachlas, Joel A.; Cassady, C. Richard

    1999-01-01

    Suggests that a chief contributor to the continued economic success of the western economies will be the productivity gains available through efficient preventative maintenance planning and argues for appropriate changes in engineering curricula. Describes the formulation of maintenance planning problems and illustrates with numerical examples the…

  18. Genome maintenance and human longevity.

    PubMed

    Cho, Miook; Suh, Yousin

    2014-06-01

    Accumulation of DNA damage and mutations is considered an important causal factor in age-related diseases. Genetic defects in DNA repair cause premature onset and accelerated progression of age-related diseases and a shorter life span in humans and mice, providing strong evidence that genome maintenance is a bona fide longevity assurance pathway. However, the contribution of genome maintenance to human longevity itself remains to be established. Here, we review the results of human genetics studies, including genome wide association studies, and attempted to catalogue all genes involved in major DNA repair pathways that harbor variants associated with longevity. We hope to provide a comprehensive review to facilitate future endeavors aimed at uncovering the functional role of genome maintenance genes in human longevity. PMID:25151201

  19. Workshop in the sky. [maintenance operations in space

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Levoy, Louis; Reis, Donald F.; Quinn, Alberta

    1988-01-01

    An evaluation of the historical experience of Apollo, Skylab, and the Space Shuttle shows it to be both feasible and prudent to furnish a minimal capability for Space Station maintenance. The ability to perform orbital replacement unit-related maintenance, as well as opportune in-orbit repair, is believed to be essential for crew and Station survival, mission effectiveness, and maximum productivity. Attention is given to problems associated with mechanical repair, welding, and composite bonding, as well as to recommended tools and procedures.

  20. The problem of pain.

    PubMed

    Nicholson, Keith; Martelli, Michael F

    2004-01-01

    Pain problems, especially posttraumatic headache, are very common following head trauma. Pain may be the most significant problem, more disabling than any brain or other injuries, and interfering with aspects of cognition or other function. However, posttraumatic headache and most other chronic posttraumatic pain problems remain poorly understood. This article reviews fundamental issues that should be considered in understanding the nature of chronic pain including the distinction between acute and chronic pain; neurobiological distinctions between the lateral and medial pain system; nociceptive versus neuropathic or other central pain; sensitization effects; the widely accepted view of chronic pain as a multidimensional subjective experience involving sensory, motivational-affective and cognitive-behavioral components; the problem of mind-body dualism; the role of psychosocial factors in the onset, maintenance, exacerbation or severity of pain; plus issues of response bias and malingering. PMID:14732827

  1. 14 CFR 125.245 - Organization required to perform maintenance, preventive maintenance, and alteration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... maintenance, preventive maintenance, and alteration. 125.245 Section 125.245 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL..., preventive maintenance, and alteration. The certificate holder must ensure that each person with whom it arranges for the performance of maintenance, preventive maintenance, alteration, or required...

  2. 14 CFR 145.205 - Maintenance, preventive maintenance, and alterations performed for certificate holders under...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Maintenance, preventive maintenance, and...) SCHOOLS AND OTHER CERTIFICATED AGENCIES REPAIR STATIONS Operating Rules § 145.205 Maintenance, preventive.... (a) A certificated repair station that performs maintenance, preventive maintenance, or...

  3. 14 CFR 121.377 - Maintenance and preventive maintenance personnel duty time limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Maintenance and preventive maintenance personnel duty time limitations. 121.377 Section 121.377 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION..., Preventive Maintenance, and Alterations § 121.377 Maintenance and preventive maintenance personnel duty...

  4. 14 CFR 121.377 - Maintenance and preventive maintenance personnel duty time limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Maintenance and preventive maintenance personnel duty time limitations. 121.377 Section 121.377 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION..., Preventive Maintenance, and Alterations § 121.377 Maintenance and preventive maintenance personnel duty...

  5. 14 CFR 121.377 - Maintenance and preventive maintenance personnel duty time limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Maintenance and preventive maintenance personnel duty time limitations. 121.377 Section 121.377 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION..., Preventive Maintenance, and Alterations § 121.377 Maintenance and preventive maintenance personnel duty...

  6. 14 CFR 121.377 - Maintenance and preventive maintenance personnel duty time limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Maintenance and preventive maintenance personnel duty time limitations. 121.377 Section 121.377 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION..., Preventive Maintenance, and Alterations § 121.377 Maintenance and preventive maintenance personnel duty...

  7. 14 CFR 121.377 - Maintenance and preventive maintenance personnel duty time limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Maintenance and preventive maintenance personnel duty time limitations. 121.377 Section 121.377 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION..., Preventive Maintenance, and Alterations § 121.377 Maintenance and preventive maintenance personnel duty...

  8. A Grounded Theory Study of Aircraft Maintenance Technician Decision-Making

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Norcross, Robert

    Aircraft maintenance technician decision-making and actions have resulted in aircraft system errors causing aircraft incidents and accidents. Aircraft accident investigators and researchers examined the factors that influence aircraft maintenance technician errors and categorized the types of errors in an attempt to prevent similar occurrences. New aircraft technology introduced to improve aviation safety and efficiency incur failures that have no information contained in the aircraft maintenance manuals. According to the Federal Aviation Administration, aircraft maintenance technicians must use only approved aircraft maintenance documents to repair, modify, and service aircraft. This qualitative research used a grounded theory approach to explore the decision-making processes and actions taken by aircraft maintenance technicians when confronted with an aircraft problem not contained in the aircraft maintenance manuals. The target population for the research was Federal Aviation Administration licensed aircraft and power plant mechanics from across the United States. Nonprobability purposeful sampling was used to obtain aircraft maintenance technicians with the experience sought in the study problem. The sample population recruitment yielded 19 participants for eight focus group sessions to obtain opinions, perceptions, and experiences related to the study problem. All data collected was entered into the Atlas ti qualitative analysis software. The emergence of Aircraft Maintenance Technician decision-making themes regarding Aircraft Maintenance Manual content, Aircraft Maintenance Technician experience, and legal implications of not following Aircraft Maintenance Manuals surfaced. Conclusions from this study suggest Aircraft Maintenance Technician decision-making were influenced by experience, gaps in the Aircraft Maintenance Manuals, reliance on others, realizing the impact of decisions concerning aircraft airworthiness, management pressures, and legal concerns related to decision-making. Recommendations included an in-depth systematic review of the Aircraft Maintenance Manuals, development of a Federal Aviation Administration approved standardized Aircraft Maintenance Technician decision-making flow diagram, and implementation of risk based decision-making training. The benefit of this study is to save the airline industry revenue by preventing poor decision-making practices that result in inefficient maintenance actions and aircraft incidents and accidents.

  9. Maintenance Downtime March 13, 2015

    Atmospheric Science Data Center

    2015-03-11

    Date(s):  Friday, March 13, 2015 Time:  09:00 pm - 12:00 am EDT Event ... Registration System (URS) maintenance scheduled Friday 3/13, users may expect potential downtime or degraded service for all subsetters ...

  10. Electrical Mechanical Maintenance. Instructor's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Santa Clara County Superintendent of Schools, San Jose, CA.

    This instructor's guide describes the development of a sixteen-week postsecondary course in electrical mechanical maintenance. Following introductory sections that provide background information and a course summary, the third section describes the instructional model used in the course. Section 4 presents an overview of instructional media used…

  11. Building and Home Maintenance Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Coll. of Agriculture and Natural Resources Education Inst.

    This task-based curriculum guide for building and home maintenance services is intended to help the teacher develop a classroom management system where students learn by doing. Introductory materials include a Dictionary of Occupational Titles job code and title sheet, a career ladder, a matrix relating duty/task numbers to job titles, and a task…

  12. Circassian Language Maintenance in Jordan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rannut, Ulle

    2009-01-01

    The central goal of this research is to explore the language policy aspects in Jordan by focusing on the Circassian language maintenance issues and to provide measures for language revitalisation in the current demographic, linguistic and political situation. Research is based on multiple sources of information, but primarily on the empirical data…

  13. Maintenance Sourcebook: A Caretaker's Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yeatts, G. Dewey; Stoverink, Al; Conry, Terry; Goulet, Nicole; Wilson, Joe; Ryan, Rob

    2002-01-01

    Discusses five areas of custodial maintenance caretaking in which facility managers need continual education: first aid and safety, hazardous materials, products and supplies, chemicals and their intended use, and cleaning procedures. Includes an annotated list of resources related to these areas. (EV)

  14. Locker Room Maintenance Made Easy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Theel, James

    1998-01-01

    Provides examples on ways to make locker room maintenance easier and their use more student-friendly. Improvements include use of indoor-outdoor carpeting with numerous floor drains to cut mildew buildup, adequate ventilation to reduce musty smells, better hot water management, ceramic tiles to reduce water-damage repair and painting needs, and…

  15. New Directions in Maintenance Simulation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Gary G.

    A two-phase effort was conducted to design and evaluate a maintenance simulator which incorporated state-of-the-art information in simulation and instructional technology. The particular equipment selected to be simulated was the 6883 Convert/Flight Controls Test Station. Phase I included a generalized block diagram of the computer-trainer, the…

  16. Avionics Maintenance Technology Program Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Georgia Univ., Athens. Dept. of Vocational Education.

    This program guide presents the avionics maintenance technology curriculum for technical institutes in Georgia. The general information section contains the following for both the diploma program and the associate degree program: purpose and objectives; program description, including admissions, typical job titles, and accreditation and…

  17. Who's doing coal plant maintenance?

    SciTech Connect

    Oldani, R.

    2008-02-15

    POWER has reported on several EUCG bench marking studies over the past several years. This paper examines the maintenance staffing of 45 coal plants reported by 13 EUCG member utilities. If you benchmark your plants or fleet, as you should, some of the study's results challenge what is considered conventional wisdom.

  18. HVAC controls: Operation and maintenance

    SciTech Connect

    Gupton, G.W. Jr.

    1987-01-01

    The introductory chapters review HVAC system processes and equipment, control system types and equipment, and equipment-to-control interactions. The succeeding chapters cover specific control systems functions, including electrical interlock and motor starting, electrical and electronic control system diagrams, pneumatic control system diagrams, air supply to pneumatic control systems, and control system maintenance.

  19. The Benefits of Health Maintenance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosenstein, Alan H.

    1987-01-01

    The article focuses on the merits of a comprehensive, medically-oriented health maintenance/risk assessment program, and suggests that such conditions as heart disease, cancer, and arteriosclerosis can be prevented or postponed through proper nutrition, weight control, exercise, smoking cessation, and stress management. (Author/CB)

  20. Maintenance Downtime June 8, 2015

    Atmospheric Science Data Center

    2015-06-08

    Time:  01:30 pm - 03:30 pm EDT Event Impact:  The OPeNDAP, MISR ... Applications, Reverb, and AMAPS may be unavailable from 1:30 - 3:30 pm for maintenance. Data distribution may be impacted during this ...

  1. Maintenance Sessions Prolong Cigarette Abstinence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brandon, Thomas H.; And Others

    Recent smoking treatment programs have shifted emphasis from initial cessation rates to long-term abstinence, with aversion therapy and coping response training having had the most success. A smoking cessation treatment consisting of rapid smoking and behavioral counseling was supplemented with two maintenance treatments. After completing the…

  2. Computer-Assisted School Maintenance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kennedy, Mike

    2012-01-01

    At thousands of schools and universities, years of economic troubles have led to repeated budget cuts. The reductions typically fall disproportionately on maintenance departments, where cuts are viewed as less critical than those that directly affect classroom instruction. And so nearly every facility manager at an education institution faces a…

  3. Drive alignment pays maintenance dividends

    SciTech Connect

    Fedder, R.

    2008-12-15

    Proper alignment of the motor and gear drive on conveying and processing equipment will result in longer bearing and coupling life, along with lower maintenance costs. Selecting an alignment free drive package instead of a traditional foot mounted drive and motor is a major advancement toward these goals. 4 photos.

  4. Building Maintenance. Student Learning Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palm Beach County Board of Public Instruction, West Palm Beach, FL.

    This student learning guide contains one module for completing a course in building maintenance. It is designed especially for use in secondary schools in Palm Beach County, Florida. The module covers one task, and consists of a purpose, performance objective, enabling objectives, learning activities keyed to resources, information sheets, student

  5. Afrikaans Language Maintenance in Australia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hatoss, Aniko; Starks, Donna; van Rensburg, Henriette Janse

    2011-01-01

    Changes in the political climate in the home country have resulted in the emigration of South Africans to English speaking countries such as Britain, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. Despite the scale of movement of the South African population, language maintenance in these diasporic contexts has received little consideration. This paper…

  6. Mother Tongue Maintenance: The Debate.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skutnabb-Kangas, Tove; Sridhar, Kamal

    1994-01-01

    This debate presents two viewpoints on mother tongue maintenance: (1) that all individuals have a fundamental right to education in their native tongue, and that multilingual societies should actively promote multilingualism for all individuals; and (2) that the multitude of languages and rapid economic development in many countries calls for…

  7. Checklist for School Maintenance Surveys.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore.

    This document is a simple 34-category checklist to be used by technicians conducting maintenance surveys. Categories includes: roadways & parking lots; site appearance; site utilities; exterior appearance; playground equipment; exterior structural conditions; gutters and downspouts; windows and caulking; sidewalks; entryways and exit doors; roof…

  8. Laboratory Maintenance of Acinetobacter baumannii.

    PubMed

    Jacobs, Anna C; Zurawski, Daniel V

    2014-01-01

    Acinetobacter baumannii has recently drawn great interest in the microbiology research community due to the increase in clinical antibiotic resistance of this organism, and persistence of this bacterial species in the hospital environment. This unit outlines protocols for the growth and maintenance of A. baumannii in the laboratory. 2014 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. PMID:25367273

  9. Psychological health maintenance on Space Station Freedom.

    PubMed

    Santy, P A

    1990-01-01

    The scheduling of crew rotations for up to 180 days on Space Station Freedom presents a special challenge for behavioral scientists who are tasked with providing psychological support for the crews, their families, and mission flight controllers. Preflight psychological support planning may minimize the negative impact of psychological and social issues on mission success, as well as assist NASA management in making real-time mission planning decisions in the event of a significant social event (for example, the death of a family member). During flight, the combined psychological, emotional, and social stressors on the astronauts must be monitored, along with other aspects of their health. The Health Maintenance Facility (HMF) will have the capability of providing preventive, diagnostic, and therapeutic assistance for significant psychiatric and interpersonal problems which may develop. Psychological support will not end with the termination of the mission. Mental health professionals must be part of the team of medical personnel whose job will be to facilitate the transition--physical and mental--from the space environment back to planet Earth. This paper reviews each phase of mission planning for Space Station Freedom and specifies those factors that may be critical for psychological health maintenance on extended-duration space missions. PMID:11537620

  10. A combinational theory for maintenance of sex

    PubMed Central

    Hörandl, E

    2010-01-01

    Sexual reproduction implies high costs, but it is difficult to give evidence for evolutionary advantages that would explain the predominance of meiotic sex in eukaryotes. A combinational theory discussing evolution, maintenance and loss of sex may resolve the problem. The main function of sex is the restoration of DNA and consequently a higher quality of offspring. Recombination at meiosis evolved, perhaps, as a repair mechanism of DNA strand damages. This mechanism is most efficient for DNA restoration in multicellular eukaryotes, because the initial cell starts with a re-optimized genome, which is passed to all the daughter cells. Meiosis acts also as creator of variation in haploid stages, in which selection can purge most efficiently deleterious mutations. A prolonged diploid phase buffers the effects of deleterious recessive alleles as well as epigenetic defects and is thus optimal for prolonged growth periods. For complex multicellular organisms, the main advantage of sexuality is thus the alternation of diploid and haploid stages, combining advantages of both. A loss of sex is constrained by several, partly group-specific, developmental features. Hybridization may trigger shifts from sexual to asexual reproduction, but crossing barriers of the parental sexual species limit this process. For the concerted break-up of meiosis-outcrossing cycles plus silencing of secondary features, various group-specific changes in the regulatory system may be required. An establishment of asexuals requires special functional modifications and environmental opportunities. Costs for maintenance of meiotic sex are consequently lower than a shift to asexual reproduction. PMID:19623209

  11. Balance Problems

    MedlinePlus

    ... often, it could be a sign of a balance problem. Balance problems can make you feel unsteady or as ... fall-related injuries, such as hip fracture. Some balance problems are due to problems in the inner ...

  12. Clozapine maintenance therapy in schizophrenia.

    PubMed

    Gaszner, Péter; Makkos, Zoltán

    2004-05-01

    Long-term pharmacotherapy with antipsychotic agents is an important aspect of the management of schizophrenia. In patients responsive to the chosen treatment, maintenance therapy is usually conducted by halving the drug dose that has proven effective during the acute phase. This strategy is suitable for maintaining remission; moreover, it can improve the patients' quality of life. Records from over 1000 patients treated with clozapine during the past 22 years were examined; 782 of these patients were diagnosed with schizophrenia according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fourth Edition-Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) criteria (with the modification in early years). From this group, 181 patients were treated with clozapine for at least a year. The mean duration of long-term maintenance treatment with clozapine was 12.2+/-4.25 years (range: from 14.5 months to 18 years). Clozapine was administered in a daily dose of 50-200 mg (mean: 71.5+/-14.12 mg). In 76 schizophrenics, treatment was initiated with clozapine, whereas 105 patients were switched over from other treatments after their failure. The control group comprised 152 patients on long-term maintenance therapy with haloperidol. Clozapine administered for long-term maintenance therapy was effective both in paranoid and in catatonic schizophrenia. It also accomplished good results in patients with disorganized or residual schizophrenia, as well as in individuals with schizoaffective psychosis. Relapse rate was similar to that observed in the haloperidol group; however, patient compliance, side-effect profile, and therapeutic efficacy were all superior in the clozapine group. Long-term maintenance therapy with clozapine is successful. Compliance is good; schizophrenic patients are willing to take this atypical antipsychotic for years on end. Clozapine treatment is associated with a low relapse rate and a favorable safety profile. PMID:15093952

  13. Potassium Balances in Maintenance Hemodialysis

    PubMed Central

    Choi, Hoon Young

    2013-01-01

    Potassium is abundant in the ICF compartment in the body and its excretion primarily depends on renal (about 90%), and to a lesser extent (about 10%) on colonic excretion. Total body potassium approximated to 50mmol/kg body weight and 2% of total body potassium is in the ECF compartment and 98% of it in the intracellular compartment.Dyskalemia is a frequent electrolyte imbalance observed among the maintenance hemodialysis patients. In case of hyperkalemia, it is frequently "a silent and a potential life threatening electrolyte imbalance" among patients with ESRD under maintenance hemodialysis. The prevalence of hyperkalemia in maintenance HD patients was reported to be about 8.7-10%. Mortality related to the hyperkalemia has been shown to be about 3.1/1,000 patient-years and about 24% of patients with HD required emergency hemodialysis due to severe hyperkalemia. In contrast to the hyperkalemia, much less attention has been paid to the hypokalemia in hemodialysis patients because of the low prevalence under maintenance hemodialysis patients. Severe hypokalemia in the hemodialysis patients usually was resulted from low potassium intake (malnutrition), chronic diarrhea, mineralocorticoid use, and imprudent use of K-exchange resins. Recently, the numbers of the new patients with advanced chronic kidney disease undergoing maintenance hemodialysis are tremendously increasing worldwide. However, the life expectancy of these patients is still much lower than that of the general population. The causes of excess mortality in these patients seem to various, but dyskalemia is a common cause among the patients with ESRD undergoing hemodialysis. PMID:23946760

  14. Test evaluation of space station ECLSS maintenance concepts. [Environmental Control and Life Support System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Reysa, R. P.; Flugel, C. W.; Thompson, C. D.

    1978-01-01

    The Space Station Prototype (SSP) Environmental Control and Life Support System (ECLSS) hardware was designed and built to be maintainable by the flight crew. To achieve this goal, subsystems were designed for ease of component removal and installation, which included accessibility to component fasteners and connectors, adequate tool clearance, minimum fluid loss during changeout, positive capture of loose parts during changeout, replacement by one crewman, and protection of adjacent parts during maintenance. During testing of this hardware, many day-to-day problems arose which allowed the evaluation of the maintenance concepts under actual maintenance conditions. This paper briefly discusses the maintenance objectives of the hardware design. Specific maintenance designs and their test evaluations are discussed. A removable cartridge valve concept for liquid line components and threaded mechanical fittings and V-band couplings for gaseous line components are critiqued. Other maintenance devices are also evaluated.

  15. Crustal growth: Some major problems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Arculus, R. J.

    1988-01-01

    Fundamental problems with models currently used to explain the genesis and evolution of continental crust were raised. These problems focus around the difficulty of generating the upper continental crust from a lower crustal or mantle protolith without leaving a very large, and so far undetected, volume of restite. No conclusive resolution to the problems was achieved.

  16. Geophysical methods for road construction and maintenance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rasul, Hedi; Karlson, Caroline; Jamali, Imran; Earon, Robert; Olofsson, Bo

    2015-04-01

    Infrastructure, such as road transportation, is a vital in civilized societies; which need to be constructed and maintained regularly. A large part of the project cost is attributed to subsurface conditions, where unsatisfactory conditions could increase either the geotechnical stabilization measures needed or the design cost itself. A way to collect information of the subsurface and existing installations which can lead to measures reducing the project cost and damage is to use geophysical methods during planning, construction and maintenance phases. The moisture in road layers is an important factor, which will affect the bearing capacity of the construction as well as the maintenances. Moisture in the road is a key factor for a well-functioning road. On the other hand the excessive moisture is the main reason of road failure and problems. From a hydrological point of view geophysical methods could help road planners identify the water table, geological strata, pollution arising from the road and the movement of the pollution before, during and after construction. Geophysical methods also allow road planners to collect valuable data for a large area without intrusive investigations such as with boreholes, i.e. minimizing the environmental stresses and costs. However, it is important to specify the investigation site and to choose the most appropriate geophysical method based on the site chosen and the objective of the investigation. Currently, numerous construction and rehabilitation projects are taking places around the world. Many of these projects are focused on infrastructural development, comprising both new projects and expansion of the existing infrastructural network. Geophysical methods can benefit these projects greatly during all phases. During the construction phase Ground Penetrating radar (GPR) is very useful in combination with Electrical Resistivity (ER) for detecting soil water content and base course compaction. However, ER and Electromagnetic (EM) methods can also be used for monitoring changes in water content and pollutant spreading during the maintenance phase. The objective of this study was to describe various geophysical methods which could benefit the road planning, construction and maintenance phases focusing on hydrological impacts.

  17. Tutoring electronic troubleshooting in a simulated maintenance work environment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gott, Sherrie P.

    1987-01-01

    A series of intelligent tutoring systems, or intelligent maintenance simulators, is being developed based on expert and novice problem solving data. A graded series of authentic troubleshooting problems provides the curriculum, and adaptive instructional treatments foster active learning in trainees who engage in extensive fault isolation practice and thus in conditionalizing what they know. A proof of concept training study involving human tutoring was conducted as a precursor to the computer tutors to assess this integrated, problem based approach to task analysis and instruction. Statistically significant improvements in apprentice technicians' troubleshooting efficiency were achieved after approximately six hours of training.

  18. [Population problem, comprehension problem].

    PubMed

    Tallon, F

    1993-08-01

    Overpopulation of developing countries in general, and Rwanda in particular, is not just their problem but a problem for developed countries as well. Rapid population growth is a key factor in the increase of poverty in sub-Saharan Africa. Population growth outstrips food production. Africa receives more and more foreign food, economic, and family planning aid each year. The Government of Rwanda encourages reduced population growth. Some people criticize it, but this criticism results in mortality and suffering. One must combat this ignorance, but attitudes change slowly. Some of these same people find the government's acceptance of family planning an invasion of their privacy. Others complain that rich countries do not have campaigns to reduce births, so why should Rwanda do so? The rate of schooling does not increase in Africa, even though the number of children in school increases, because of rapid population growth. Education is key to improvements in Africa's socioeconomic growth. Thus, Africa, is underpopulated in terms of potentiality but overpopulated in terms of reality, current conditions, and possibilities of overexploitation. Africa needs to invest in human resources. Families need to save, and to so, they must refrain from having many children. Africa should resist the temptation to waste, as rich countries do, and denounce it. Africa needs to become more independent of these countries, but structural adjustment plans, growing debt, and rapid population growth limit national independence. Food aid is a means for developed countries to dominate developing countries. Modernization through foreign aid has had some positive effects on developing countries (e.g., improved hygiene, mortality reduction), but these also sparked rapid population growth. Rwandan society is no longer traditional, but it is also not yet modern. A change in mentality to fewer births, better quality of life for living infants, better education, and less burden for women must occur rapidly because the problems are urgent. PMID:12287360

  19. Particulate detection technologies for preventive maintenance applications

    SciTech Connect

    Craney, B.

    1997-09-01

    The use of continuous monitoring to ensure ongoing compliance with particulate emissions standards is common practice in most parts of the world. Recently proposed standards by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) are intended to use particulate monitoring as a surrogate technique for the compliance monitoring of Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs). This approach is based on the lack of available technologies for measuring HAPs, as well as the availability of cost-effective, reliable, low maintenance particulate monitors available today. Many types of particulate monitoring instruments are now available, but to date, all have been based on two basic measurement principles--optical or light attenuation (opacity) and contact electrification (triboelectric). Long-term exposure to problems with these methods led BHA engineers to refine a variation of the optical light attenuation method for their CPM continuous particulate monitoring product line. This technique of monitoring is known as received light modulation or scintillation.

  20. Condition-based predictive maintenance of industrial power systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Azam, Mohammad; Tu, Fang; Pattipati, Krishna R.

    2002-07-01

    Traditional static maintenance scheduling based on lifetime data and replacement upon failure is adequate for typical power users. However, in the case of high reliability/availability-oriented industries (e.g., power systems for internet data centers have a desired availability of 0.99999 and, for semiconductor fabrication plants, have availability requirement of 0.9999999), this type of preventive maintenance scheduling is inadequate. A suitable approach in these situations is the adoption of condition-based predictive maintenance. Here the system condition is evaluated by processing the information gathered from the monitors placed at different points in the system, and maintenance is performed only when the failure/malfunction prognosis dictates. In the past, for power systems, voltages, currents, power, temperature and electromagnetic quantities had been monitored along with surface inspection and material quality tests at regular intervals. Diagnostic methods are already in place to indicate problems in industrial power systems by examining these monitored quantities. However, they lack the capability of looking into distant future. With the introduction of modern digital electronics-based smart monitors, the capability of logging power quality data at micro-second intervals, advanced signal processing tools for extracting features from collected data, and data mining techniques, a new horizon in maintenance scheduling has been unveiled. Trending techniques and techniques based on neural networks, when applied to the extracted features, enable us to predict the possible failures of individual equipment and subsystems well before they manifest. This paper considers the problem of evaluating the health indices of components of a power system by making use of the monitored power-quality data and classification techniques. Health index analysis distinguishes the healthy and risky components of the system. Results of these evaluations can be fed as inputs into a system-reliability/availability analysis tool. The reliability analysis enables analysts to decide on prioritization of the maintenance options subject to budget constraints.

  1. Maintenance Therapy for NSCLC: Consensus and Controversy.

    PubMed

    Lu, Shun; Yu, Yong-Feng

    2011-12-01

    Nowadays, advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is still an incurable disease. However, recent researches on maintenance therapy have led to considerable progress. Recently, pemetrexed and erlotinib have been approved for maintenance chemotherapy by both the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and European Medicines Agency. However, there are not adequate data to support the maintenance therapy as the standard treatment for advanced NSCLC and there has been no conclusive predictor of who will get benefit from maintenance chemotherapy and what type of maintenance, continuation or switch, is preferred. This article reviews the main studies on maintenance therapy of advanced NSCLC and discusses the results available to date. PMID:23359213

  2. Tools to support maintenance strategies under soft soil conditions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lambert, J. W. M.; van Meerten, J. J.; Woning, M. P.; Eijbersen, M. J.; Huber, M.

    2015-11-01

    Costs for maintenance of infrastructure in municipalities with soft soil underground conditions, are estimated to be almost 40 % higher than in others. As a result, these municipalities meet financial problems that cause overdue maintenance. In some cases municipalities are even afraid to be unable to offer a minimum service level in future. In common, traditional practice, roads and sewerage systems have been constructed in trenches that consist of sandy material that replaces the upper meters of the soft soil. Under influence of its weight, this causes accelerated settlements of the construction. A number of alternative constructions have been developed, e.g. using light-weight materials to limit settlement velocity. In order to limit future maintenance costs, improvement of maintenance strategies is desired. Tools have been and will be developed to support municipalities in improving their maintenance strategies and save money by doing that. A model (BALANS) that weighs the attractiveness of alternative solutions under different soil, environmental and economic circumstances, will be presented.

  3. Weight loss maintenance: A review on dietary related strategies

    PubMed Central

    Soeliman, Fatemeh Azizi; Azadbakht, Leila

    2014-01-01

    Background: Weight regain after weight loss is a common problem for all those obese or overweight who have had a recent weight loss. Different cures such as diet therapy, behavioral therapy, exercise or a mixture of them have been advised as solutions. The purpose of this review is to find the best diet or eating pattern to maintain a recent weight loss. Materials and Methods: We searched in PubMed and SCOPUS by using the following key words: Overweight, obesity, weight maintenance, weight regain, and diet therapy. Finally, we assessed 26 articles in the present article. Results: Meal replacement, low carbohydrate-low glycemic index (GI) diet, high protein intake, and moderate fat consumption have shown some positive effects on weight maintenance. However, the results are controversial. A Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH)-type diet seems helpful for weight maintenance although the need for more study has remained. Some special behaviors were associated with less weight regain, such as, not being awake late at night, drinking lower amount of sugar-sweetened beverages, and following a healthy pattern. Some special foods have been suggested for weight maintenance. However, the roles of specific foods are not confirmed. Conclusion: Healthy diets recommend low carbohydrate, low GI, and moderate fat foods, but it is not clear whether they are useful in preventing weight gain. It seems that consuming fewer calories helps people to keep weight loss. Further research to find strategies in obesity management focusing on successful maintenance of weight loss is needed. PMID:24949037

  4. High resolution telescope

    DOEpatents

    Massie, Norbert A.; Oster, Yale

    1992-01-01

    A large effective-aperture, low-cost optical telescope with diffraction-limited resolution enables ground-based observation of near-earth space objects. The telescope has a non-redundant, thinned-aperture array in a center-mount, single-structure space frame. It employs speckle interferometric imaging to achieve diffraction-limited resolution. The signal-to-noise ratio problem is mitigated by moving the wavelength of operation to the near-IR, and the image is sensed by a Silicon CCD. The steerable, single-structure array presents a constant pupil. The center-mount, radar-like mount enables low-earth orbit space objects to be tracked as well as increases stiffness of the space frame. In the preferred embodiment, the array has elemental telescopes with subaperture of 2.1 m in a circle-of-nine configuration. The telescope array has an effective aperture of 12 m which provides a diffraction-limited resolution of 0.02 arc seconds. Pathlength matching of the telescope array is maintained by an electro-optical system employing laser metrology. Speckle imaging relaxes pathlength matching tolerance by one order of magnitude as compared to phased arrays. Many features of the telescope contribute to substantial reduction in costs. These include eliminating the conventional protective dome and reducing on-site construction activites. The cost of the telescope scales with the first power of the aperture rather than its third power as in conventional telescopes.

  5. Maintenance of defibrillators in a state of readiness.

    PubMed

    White, R D

    1993-02-01

    Since 1984, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has utilized the Medical Device Reporting system as a mechanism for reporting adverse incidents associated with the use of medical devices, including external defibrillators. The frequency and content of these reports prompted an FDA-conducted five-state study of defibrillator-user training and maintenance practices for both devices and batteries. The study also included inspection and testing of defibrillators and batteries to assess their state of maintenance. A detailed review of the reports and of the five-state data confirmed that in the majority of cases, adverse incidents were related to improper defibrillator operation and maintenance, prompting the FDA Center for Devices and Radiological Health to launch an educational effort directed toward those who operate and maintain defibrillators. Proper maintenance of batteries (both nickel-cadmium and sealed lead-acid) was a major component of the educational thrust, because battery failure was identified as a recurrent and preventable problem. In an effort to correct the diverse types of incidents being reported, checklists were developed by the FDA for both manual and automated defibrillators. The checklists are designed to cover the spectrum of reported problems related to both device and user. The advent of more stringent FDA adverse incident-reporting regulations, coupled with increased use of defibrillators in diverse settings with varying usage frequencies, would seem to give a major impetus to the regular use of these checklists wherever defibrillators are employed. PMID:8434829

  6. Mining Surveillance and Maintenance Dollars

    SciTech Connect

    MARTINEZ, R.

    2000-02-01

    Accelerating site cleanup to reduce facility risks to the workers, the public and the environment during a time of declining federal budgets represents a significant technical and economic challenge to U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Operations Offices and their respective contractors. A significant portion of a facility's recurring annual expenses are associated with routine, long-term surveillance and maintenance (S&M) activities. However, ongoing S&M activities do nothing to reduce risks and basically spend money that could be reallocated towards facility deactivation. This paper discusses the background around DOE efforts to reduce surveillance and maintenance costs, one approach used to perform cost reviews, lessons learned from field implementation and what assistance is available to assist DOE sites in performing these evaluations.

  7. Orbital assembly and maintenance study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gorman, D.; Grant, C.; Kyrias, G.; Lord, C.; Rombach, J.; Salis, M.; Skidmore, R.; Thomas, R.

    1975-01-01

    The requirements, conceptual design, tradeoffs, procedures, and techniques for orbital assembly of the support structure of the microwave power transmission system and the radio astronomy telescope are described. Thermal and stress analyses, packaging, alignment, and subsystems requirements are included along with manned vs. automated and transportation tradeoffs. Technical and operational concepts for the manned and automated maintenance of satellites were investigated and further developed results are presented.

  8. Predicting and prioritizing maintenance for concrete structures

    SciTech Connect

    Hertlein, B.H. )

    1991-06-01

    Using nondestructive testing of concrete structures to predict maintenance needs can help schedule maintenance work in advance and prevent unexpected shutdowns. Nondestructive testing methods are described and development of a testing program is discussed.

  9. Demonstration of reliability centered maintenance

    SciTech Connect

    Schwan, C.A.; Morgan, T.A. )

    1991-04-01

    Reliability centered maintenance (RCM) is an approach to preventive maintenance planning and evaluation that has been used successfully by other industries, most notably the airlines and military. Now EPRI is demonstrating RCM in the commercial nuclear power industry. Just completed are large-scale, two-year demonstrations at Rochester Gas Electric (Ginna Nuclear Power Station) and Southern California Edison (San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station). Both demonstrations were begun in the spring of 1988. At each plant, RCM was performed on 12 to 21 major systems. Both demonstrations determined that RCM is an appropriate means to optimize a PM program and improve nuclear plant preventive maintenance on a large scale. Such favorable results had been suggested by three earlier EPRI pilot studies at Florida Power Light, Duke Power, and Southern California Edison. EPRI selected the Ginna and San Onofre sites because, together, they represent a broad range of utility and plant size, plant organization, plant age, and histories of availability and reliability. Significant steps in each demonstration included: selecting and prioritizing plant systems for RCM evaluation; performing the RCM evaluation steps on selected systems; evaluating the RCM recommendations by a multi-disciplinary task force; implementing the RCM recommendations; establishing a system to track and verify the RCM benefits; and establishing procedures to update the RCM bases and recommendations with time (a living program). 7 refs., 1 tab.

  10. Designing a scrubber for maintenance

    SciTech Connect

    Mahlmeister, M.E.; Baron, E.S.; Watts, J.

    1996-12-01

    Under Round 4 of the U.S. Department of Energy`s (DOE) Clean Coal Technology program, New York State Electric & Gas Corporation (NYSEG), in partnership with Saarberg-Holter-Umwelttechnik (SHU), Consolidation Coal Company and Stebbins Engineering and Manufacturing Company, has retrofitted a formic acid enhanced forced oxidation wet limestone scrubber on Units I and 2 at the Milliken Steam Electric Station. Units I and 2 are 1950s vintage Combustion Engineering tangentially fired pulverized coal units, which are rated at nominal 150 MW each and operate in balanced draft mode. The Flue Gas Desulfurization (FGD) system for Unit 2 was placed into operation in January 1995 and the Unit I system in June 1995. The project incorporates several unique aspects: low pH operation; a ceramic tile-lined cocurrent/countercurrent, split module absorber; a wet stack supported on the roof of the FGD building; and closed loop, zero liquid discharge operation that produces commercial grade gypsum and calcium chloride brine. The project objectives include 98% SO{sub 2} removal efficiency while burning high sulfur coal, the production of marketable byproducts to minimize solid waste disposal, zero wastewater discharge, space-saving design, and minimization of maintenance requirements of a wet scrubber. The paper provides a brief overview of the project scrubber design relating to maintenance considerations. A discussion of the early results of the maintenance history is also provided. Repair techniques that have been developed and tested for ceramic tile lined modules are included. 1 fig.

  11. Multivariate curve resolution in liquid chromatography

    SciTech Connect

    Osten, D.W.; Kowalski, B.R.

    1983-12-01

    Self-modeling curve resolution has been shown to allow resolution of two co-eluting chromatographic peaks without requiring any assumption of an underlying peak shape. The subsequent problem of quantitation of these co-eluting peaks is limited by both the chromatographic resolution (separation in time and difference in elution profile) and by the degree of spectral uniqueness. An experimental system of two water-soluble vitamins has been used to examine the effects of varying chromatographic resolution on the quantitative accuracy of the curve resolution method.

  12. Reconcile: A Coreference Resolution Research Platform

    SciTech Connect

    Stoyanov, V; Cardie, C; Gilbert, N; Riloff, E; Buttler, D; Hysom, D

    2009-10-29

    Despite the availability of standard data sets and metrics, approaches to the problem of noun phrase coreference resolution are hard to compare empirically due to the different evaluation setting stemming, in part, from the lack of comprehensive coreference resolution research platforms. In this tech report we present Reconcile, a coreference resolution research platform that aims to facilitate the implementation of new approaches to coreference resolution as well as the comparison of existing approaches. We discuss Reconcile's architecture and give results of running Reconcile on six data sets using four evaluation metrics, showing that Reconcile's performance is comparable to state-of-the-art systems in coreference resolution.

  13. 14 CFR 145.217 - Contract maintenance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Contract maintenance. 145.217 Section 145...) SCHOOLS AND OTHER CERTIFICATED AGENCIES REPAIR STATIONS Operating Rules § 145.217 Contract maintenance. (a) A certificated repair station may contract a maintenance function pertaining to an article to...

  14. 14 CFR 145.217 - Contract maintenance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Contract maintenance. 145.217 Section 145...) SCHOOLS AND OTHER CERTIFICATED AGENCIES REPAIR STATIONS Operating Rules § 145.217 Contract maintenance. (a) A certificated repair station may contract a maintenance function pertaining to an article to...

  15. Maintenance Staffing Guidelines For Educational Facilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    APPA: Association of Higher Education Facilities Officers, Alexandria, VA.

    The purpose of this publication is to provide a resource or guide for educational facilities in establishing or developing a maintenance trades organization that is sufficient to accomplish basic facilities maintenance functions. The guidelines are intended to suggest staffing levels for those routine facilities maintenance activities that are…

  16. 47 CFR 87.69 - Maintenance tests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Maintenance tests. 87.69 Section 87.69... Operating Requirements and Procedures Operating Requirements § 87.69 Maintenance tests. The licensee may make routine maintenance tests on equipment other than emergency locator transmitters if there is...

  17. 49 CFR 195.420 - Valve maintenance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Valve maintenance. 195.420 Section 195.420... PIPELINE Operation and Maintenance § 195.420 Valve maintenance. (a) Each operator shall maintain each valve..., inspect each mainline valve to determine that it is functioning properly. (c) Each operator shall...

  18. 49 CFR 195.420 - Valve maintenance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Valve maintenance. 195.420 Section 195.420... PIPELINE Operation and Maintenance § 195.420 Valve maintenance. (a) Each operator shall maintain each valve..., inspect each mainline valve to determine that it is functioning properly. (c) Each operator shall...

  19. 49 CFR 195.420 - Valve maintenance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Valve maintenance. 195.420 Section 195.420... PIPELINE Operation and Maintenance § 195.420 Valve maintenance. (a) Each operator shall maintain each valve..., inspect each mainline valve to determine that it is functioning properly. (c) Each operator shall...

  20. 49 CFR 195.420 - Valve maintenance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Valve maintenance. 195.420 Section 195.420... PIPELINE Operation and Maintenance § 195.420 Valve maintenance. (a) Each operator shall maintain each valve..., inspect each mainline valve to determine that it is functioning properly. (c) Each operator shall...

  1. 49 CFR 195.420 - Valve maintenance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Valve maintenance. 195.420 Section 195.420... PIPELINE Operation and Maintenance § 195.420 Valve maintenance. (a) Each operator shall maintain each valve..., inspect each mainline valve to determine that it is functioning properly. (c) Each operator shall...

  2. Computerizing Maintenance Management Improves School Processes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conroy, Pat

    2002-01-01

    Describes how a Computerized Maintenance Management System (CMMS), a centralized maintenance operations database that facilitates work order procedures and staff directives, can help individual school campuses and school districts to manage maintenance. Presents the benefits of CMMS and things to consider in CMMS selection. (EV)

  3. Swallowing Problems

    MedlinePlus

    ... dryness Skin (pressure) sores Sleep problems Stomas (or ostomies) Swallowing problems Sweating Swelling Treatment at home Tubes ... To learn more References Previous Topic Stomas (or ostomies) Next Topic Sweating Swallowing problems A person may ...

  4. Balance Problems

    MedlinePlus

    ... version of this page please turn Javascript on. Balance Problems About Balance Problems Have you ever felt dizzy, lightheaded, or ... dizziness problem during the past year. Why Good Balance is Important Having good balance means being able ...

  5. Childbirth Problems

    MedlinePlus

    ... labor starts before 37 completed weeks of pregnancy Problems with the umbilical cord Problems with the position of the baby, such as ... feet first Birth injuries For some of these problems, the baby may need to be delivered surgically ...

  6. Resolution analysis by random probing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fichtner, Andreas; Leeuwen, Tristan van

    2015-08-01

    We develop and apply methods for resolution analysis in tomography, based on stochastic probing of the Hessian or resolution operators. Key properties of our methods are (i) low algorithmic complexity and easy implementation, (ii) applicability to any tomographic technique, including full-waveform inversion and linearized ray tomography, (iii) applicability in any spatial dimension and to inversions with a large number of model parameters, (iv) low computational costs that are mostly a fraction of those required for synthetic recovery tests, and (v) the ability to quantify both spatial resolution and interparameter trade-offs. Using synthetic full-waveform inversions as benchmarks, we demonstrate that autocorrelations of random-model applications to the Hessian yield various resolution measures, including direction- and position-dependent resolution lengths and the strength of interparameter mappings. We observe that the required number of random test models is around five in one, two, and three dimensions. This means that the proposed resolution analyses are not only more meaningful than recovery tests but also computationally less expensive. We demonstrate the applicability of our method in a 3-D real-data full-waveform inversion for the western Mediterranean. In addition to tomographic problems, resolution analysis by random probing may be used in other inverse methods that constrain continuously distributed properties, including electromagnetic and potential-field inversions, as well as recently emerging geodynamic data assimilation.

  7. On the application of copula in modeling maintenance contract

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Iskandar, B. P.; Husniah, H.

    2016-02-01

    This paper deals with the application of copula in maintenance contracts for a nonrepayable item. Failures of the item are modeled using a two dimensional approach where age and usage of the item and this requires a bi-variate distribution to modelling failures. When the item fails then corrective maintenance (CM) is minimally repaired. CM can be outsourced to an external agent or done in house. The decision problem for the owner is to find the maximum total profit whilst for the agent is to determine the optimal price of the contract. We obtain the mathematical models of the decision problems for the owner as well as the agent using a Nash game theory formulation.

  8. Analysis of Maintenance Service Contracts for Dump Trucks Used in Mining Industry with Simulation Approach

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dymasius, A.; Wangsaputra, R.; Iskandar, B. P.

    2016-02-01

    A mining company needs high availability of dump trucks used to haul mining materials. As a result, an effective maintenance action is required to keep the dump trucks in a good condition and hence reducing failure and downtime of the dump trucks. To carry out maintenance in-house requires a high intensive maintenance facility and high skilled maintenance specialists. Often, outsourcing maintenance is an economic option for the company. An external agent takes a proactive action with offering some maintenance contract options to the owner. The decision problem for the owner is to decide the best option and for the agent is to determine the optimal price for each option offered. A non-cooperative game-theory is used to formulate the decision problems for the owner and the agent. We consider that failure pattern of each truck follows a non-homogeneous Poisson process (NHPP) and a queueing theory with multiple servers is used to estimate the downtime. As it involves high complexity to model downtime using a queueing theory, then in this paper we use a simulation method. Furthermore, we conduct experiment to seek for the best number of maintenance facilities (servers) which minimises maintenance and penalty costs incurred to the agent.

  9. Geothermal Well Maintenance and Repair in Cerro Prieto

    SciTech Connect

    Aguirre, B. D.; Blanco, F. V.

    1981-01-01

    When the first well is drilled at a geothermal field, procedures for the cleaning, repair, and control of wells should be established. This aspect will be increasingly important as more wells are drilled. Equipment, tools and techniques need to be improved to achieve economic and safe results. Different systems have been developed and applied in maintenance of wells, in problems of casing incrustations, repairs, plugging, and well control. These systems should be improved, even though they have been reasonably satisfactory to date.

  10. Recessive mutations and the maintenance of sex in structured populations.

    PubMed Central

    Agrawal, A F; Chasnov, J R

    2001-01-01

    The evolutionary maintenance of sexual reproduction remains a controversial problem. It was recently shown that recessive deleterious mutations create differences in the mutation load of sexual vs. asexual populations. Here we show that low levels of population structure or inbreeding can greatly enhance the importance of recessive deleterious mutations in the context of sexual vs. asexual populations. With population structure, the cost of sex can be substantially reduced or even eliminated for realistic levels of dominance. PMID:11404351

  11. 14 CFR 145.213 - Inspection of maintenance, preventive maintenance, or alterations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Inspection of maintenance, preventive... Rules § 145.213 Inspection of maintenance, preventive maintenance, or alterations. (a) A certificated repair station must inspect each article upon which it has performed maintenance, preventive...

  12. 14 CFR 91.1425 - CAMP: Maintenance, preventive maintenance, and alteration programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false CAMP: Maintenance, preventive maintenance... RULES Fractional Ownership Operations Program Management § 91.1425 CAMP: Maintenance, preventive maintenance, and alteration programs. Each program manager who maintains program aircraft under a CAMP...

  13. 14 CFR 91.1425 - CAMP: Maintenance, preventive maintenance, and alteration programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false CAMP: Maintenance, preventive maintenance... RULES Fractional Ownership Operations Program Management § 91.1425 CAMP: Maintenance, preventive maintenance, and alteration programs. Each program manager who maintains program aircraft under a CAMP...

  14. 14 CFR 91.1425 - CAMP: Maintenance, preventive maintenance, and alteration programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false CAMP: Maintenance, preventive maintenance... RULES Fractional Ownership Operations Program Management § 91.1425 CAMP: Maintenance, preventive maintenance, and alteration programs. Each program manager who maintains program aircraft under a CAMP...

  15. 14 CFR 91.1425 - CAMP: Maintenance, preventive maintenance, and alteration programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false CAMP: Maintenance, preventive maintenance... RULES Fractional Ownership Operations Program Management § 91.1425 CAMP: Maintenance, preventive maintenance, and alteration programs. Each program manager who maintains program aircraft under a CAMP...

  16. 14 CFR 91.1425 - CAMP: Maintenance, preventive maintenance, and alteration programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false CAMP: Maintenance, preventive maintenance... RULES Fractional Ownership Operations Program Management § 91.1425 CAMP: Maintenance, preventive maintenance, and alteration programs. Each program manager who maintains program aircraft under a CAMP...

  17. The MIG Program: Prioritization of maintenance work requests

    SciTech Connect

    Davenport, C.M.; Hopper, L.E.

    1991-09-01

    The Maintenance Importance Generator (MIG) program has been written to automatically prioritize all pending Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant maintenance jobs in conformity with DOE policy and regulatory requirements. The program captures and applies the knowledge and best practices of many experienced maintenance workers. Up to 40,000 work requests are prioritized or updated each week; maintenance foremen receive prioritized work-pending lists. MIG program results were uniformly good; it was implemented in the Metal Prep Division in August 1989 and has been in use for several months in other major production divisions. The program satisfied an Admiral Watkins' Tiger Team Top-10 Problem for Y-12 in 1990: How to systematically prioritize work.'' The MIG program uses a weighted-factors method similar to that utilized by commercial, licensed methodologies for decision making. Each box on a Maintenance Work Request (MWR) form represents an importance factor. These factors were ranked relative to each other and were given appropriate weight increments by a consensus of maintenance and customer organization experts. Coordination was by the MIG program developers and included input from DOE and plant policy. The specific entry made by a customer in an MWR form box is read to determine the fraction of the box weight that will be applied to an accumulating priority number. Captured knowledge is used in this step. The straight sum of the weight increments of the individual factors is the final priority number. The weight increments and the captured knowledge represent the judgement of a decision committee that can be reused in a fully automatic process.

  18. The MIG Program: Prioritization of maintenance work requests

    SciTech Connect

    Davenport, C.M.; Hopper, L.E.

    1991-09-01

    The Maintenance Importance Generator (MIG) program has been written to automatically prioritize all pending Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant maintenance jobs in conformity with DOE policy and regulatory requirements. The program captures and applies the knowledge and best practices of many experienced maintenance workers. Up to 40,000 work requests are prioritized or updated each week; maintenance foremen receive prioritized work-pending lists. MIG program results were uniformly good; it was implemented in the Metal Prep Division in August 1989 and has been in use for several months in other major production divisions. The program satisfied an Admiral Watkins` Tiger Team Top-10 Problem for Y-12 in 1990: ``How to systematically prioritize work.`` The MIG program uses a weighted-factors method similar to that utilized by commercial, licensed methodologies for decision making. Each box on a Maintenance Work Request (MWR) form represents an importance factor. These factors were ranked relative to each other and were given appropriate weight increments by a consensus of maintenance and customer organization experts. Coordination was by the MIG program developers and included input from DOE and plant policy. The specific entry made by a customer in an MWR form box is read to determine the fraction of the box weight that will be applied to an accumulating priority number. Captured knowledge is used in this step. The straight sum of the weight increments of the individual factors is the final priority number. The weight increments and the captured knowledge represent the judgement of a decision committee that can be reused in a fully automatic process.

  19. Pacific Northwest Laboratory Maintenance Implementation plan

    SciTech Connect

    Bright, J.D.

    1992-06-01

    This Maintenance Implementation plan has been developed for Pacific Northwest Laboratory`s (PNL) Nuclear Facilities: 306W, 324, 325, 327 and 329NMF. It is based on a graded approach, self-assessment of the existing maintenance program(s) per the requirements specified by US Department of Energy (DOE) Order 4330.4A, Chapter II, Change {number_sign}3. The results of this assessment were evaluated to determine needed improvements in PNL Craft Services` current maintenance program. The objective of this implementation plan is to provide baseline information for compliance to the DOE 4330.4A, and for needed improvements. The prime consideration in applying a graded approach to the Order has been to maintain safe and reliable operations, environmental compliance, safeguards and security, programmatic mission, facility preservation, and/or other facility-specific requirements. Using the results of the self-assessment, PNL has selected nine of the 18 elements of the Maintenance Program defined by DOE Order 4330.4A for improvement. The elements selected for improvement are Training and Qualification of Maintenance Personnel; Maintenance Procedures; Planning, Scheduling, and Coordination of Maintenance; Control of Maintenance Activities; Post-Maintenance Testing; Facility Condition Inspection; Management Involvement; Maintenance History; and Additional Maintenance Requirements. Based upon graded approach and current funding, those elements considered most important have been selected as goals for earliest compliance. Commitment dates for these elements have been established for compliance. The remaining elements of noncompliance will be targeted for implementation during later budget periods.

  20. Pacific Northwest Laboratory Maintenance Implementation plan

    SciTech Connect

    Bright, J.D.

    1992-06-01

    This Maintenance Implementation plan has been developed for Pacific Northwest Laboratory's (PNL) Nuclear Facilities: 306W, 324, 325, 327 and 329NMF. It is based on a graded approach, self-assessment of the existing maintenance program(s) per the requirements specified by US Department of Energy (DOE) Order 4330.4A, Chapter II, Change {number sign}3. The results of this assessment were evaluated to determine needed improvements in PNL Craft Services' current maintenance program. The objective of this implementation plan is to provide baseline information for compliance to the DOE 4330.4A, and for needed improvements. The prime consideration in applying a graded approach to the Order has been to maintain safe and reliable operations, environmental compliance, safeguards and security, programmatic mission, facility preservation, and/or other facility-specific requirements. Using the results of the self-assessment, PNL has selected nine of the 18 elements of the Maintenance Program defined by DOE Order 4330.4A for improvement. The elements selected for improvement are Training and Qualification of Maintenance Personnel; Maintenance Procedures; Planning, Scheduling, and Coordination of Maintenance; Control of Maintenance Activities; Post-Maintenance Testing; Facility Condition Inspection; Management Involvement; Maintenance History; and Additional Maintenance Requirements. Based upon graded approach and current funding, those elements considered most important have been selected as goals for earliest compliance. Commitment dates for these elements have been established for compliance. The remaining elements of noncompliance will be targeted for implementation during later budget periods.

  1. Crafting Elegant Solutions: Strategies for Conflict Resolution.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koch, Susan J.; Decker, Robert H.

    1993-01-01

    The conflict-resolution technique of interpersonal negotiation involves five steps: (1) state your positive intentions; (2) define, analyze, and discuss the problem; (3) summarize progress; (4) explore alternative solutions; and (5) set a time for follow-up. (MLF)

  2. [Maintenance care for dental implant].

    PubMed

    Kamoi, K

    1989-10-01

    Dental implant has tried at the early stage in 19th century recovering an oral function and esthetics. Technological revolutions in biochemical and new materials have developed on the remarkable change in the dental implants, nowadays we call the three generation therapy for dental implantology. There are many kinds of methods and techniques in dental implants, however a lot of troublesome complication on the process of surgical phase, construction of prothodontics and prognosis of maintenance care. In the proceedings of this symposium, I would like to propose you how to manage the maintenance care for various kind of dental implants through the methodology and case presentations. Tendenay and future for dental implants The current outlook of dental implant has increasing supply and demand not only dentists but also patients. According to Japanese Welfare Ministry's report in 1987, average missing teeth over sixty years old generations are approximately 42% in accordance with NIDR (U.S.A.) research. They are missed on ten over teeth in full 28th teeth dentitions owing to dental caries and periodontal diseases. Generally speaking, latent implant patients are occupied on the same possibility of needs for dental implants both Japan and U.S.A. Management of maintenance care The patients hardly recognized the importance of plaque control for the maintenance care in the intraoral condition after implantation. Dentists and dental staffs must be instruct patients for importance of plaque removal and control, because they already had forgotten the habit of teeth cleaning, especially in the edenturous conditions. 1) Concept of establishment in oral hygiene. Motivation and instruction for patients include very important factors in dental implants as well as in periodontal diseases. Patients who could not achieve on good oral hygiene levels obtained no good results in the long term observations. To establish good oral hygiene are how to control supra plaque surrounding tissues with patient himself. Ultimate concept of implantology have supported common concordance with periodontal therapy. 2) Patients consent and co-operation the right of informed consent, agreement to treatment by the patient has been gaining increased importance to implantology. Even the patient has consent, they must co-operate the process of dental implant with co-therapist (Fig. 2). 3) The clinical examination of clinical parameters in dental implants. (1) Plaque Index (Silness & Loe 1964) and Plaque Control Record (0 Leary 1978) (Table 5). (2) Gingival inflammation (Fig. 3). Ordinarlly, Gingival Bleeding Index (GBI Ainamo & Bay 1975) and Papilla Bleeding Index (Saxer & Jühlemann 1975) are used. (3) The depth of peri-implant sulcus with the plastic probe. (NDU style) (Fig. 4).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) PMID:2489287

  3. Lexical ambiguity resolution

    SciTech Connect

    Small, S.; Cottrell, G.; Tanenhaus, M.

    1987-01-01

    This book collects much of the best research currently available on the problem of lexical ambiguity resolution in the processing of human language. When taken out of context, sentences are usually ambiguous. When actually uttered in a dialogue or written in text, these same sentences often have unique interpretations. The inherent ambiguity of isolated sentences, becomes obvious in the attempt to write a computer program to understand them. Different views have emerged on the nature of context and the mechanisms by which it directs unambiguous understanding of words and sentences. These perspectives are represented and discussed. Eighteen original papers from a valuable source book for cognitive scientists in AI, psycholinguistics, neuropsychology, or theoretical linguistics.

  4. Resolution in Electromagnetic Prospecting

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aldridge, D. F.; Bartel, L. C.; Knox, H. A.; Schramm, K. A.

    2014-12-01

    Low-frequency electromagnetic (EM) signals are commonly used in geophysical exploration of the shallow subsurface. Sensitivity to conductivity implies they are particularly useful for inferring fluid content of porous media. However, low-frequency EM wavefields are diffusive, and have significantly larger wavelengths compared to seismic signals of equal frequency. The wavelength of a 30 Hz sinusoid propagating with seismic velocity 3000 m/s is 100 m, whereas an analogous EM signal diffusing through a conductive body of 0.1 S/m (clayey shale) has wavelength 1825 m. The larger wavelength has implications for resolution of the EM prospecting method. We are investigating resolving power of the EM method via theoretical and numerical experiments. Normal incidence plane wave reflection/transmission by a thin geologic bed is amenable to analytic solution. Responses are calculated for beds that are conductive or resistive relative to the host rock. Preliminary results indicate the classic seismic resolution/detection limit of bed thickness ~1/8 wavelength is not achieved. EM responses for point or line current sources recorded by general acquisition geometries are calculated with a 3D finite-difference algorithm. These exhibit greater variability which may allow inference of bed thickness. We also examine composite responses of two point scatterers with separation when illuminated by an incident EM field. This is analogous to the Rayleigh resolution problem of estimating angular separation between two light sources. The First Born Approximation implies that perturbations in permittivity, permeability, and conductivity have different scattering patterns, which may be indicators of EM medium properties. Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-program laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the US Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000.

  5. No maintenance -- no energy efficiency

    SciTech Connect

    Szydlowski, R.F.; Schliesing, J.S.; Winiarski, D.W.

    1994-12-01

    Field investigations illustrate that it is not realistic to expect new high-tech equipment to function for a full life expectancy at high efficiency without significant operations and maintenance (O&M). A simple walk through inspection of most buildings reveals extensive equipment that is being operated on manual override, is incorrectly adjusted and operating inefficiently, or is simply inoperative. This point is illustrated with two examples at Robins Air Force Base, Georgia. The first describes development of a comprehensive, base-wide, steam trap maintenance program. The second describes a measured evaluation from a typical office building. The objective of both examples was to assess the importance of proper O&M. The proposed ``O&M First`` philosophy will result in more efficient building HVAC operation, provide improved services to the building occupants, and reduce energy consumption and unscheduled equipment repair/replacement. Implementation of a comprehensive O&M program will result in a 15--25% energy savings. The O&M foundation that is established will allow other energy conservation activities such is demand side management or energy management and control systems, to achieve and maintain their expected energy savings.

  6. Nuclear selenoproteins and genome maintenance.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Xiong; Zhang, Li; Zhu, Jian-Hong; Cheng, Wen-Hsing

    2016-01-01

    Selenium is an essential metalloid required for the expression of selenoproteins. While cells are constantly challenged by clastogens of endogenous and exogenous origins, genome integrity is maintained by direct repair of DNA damage, redox balance, and epigenetic regulation. To date, only five selenoproteins are experimentally demonstrated to reside in nucleus, exclusively or partially, including selenoprotein H, methionine-R-sulfoxide reductase 1, glutathione peroxidase-4, thioredoxin reductase-1, and thioredoxin glutathione reductase. All these five selenoproteins have demonstrated or potential roles in redox regulation and genome maintenance. Selenoprotein H is known to transactivate the expression of a couple of genes against oxidative stress. The thioredoxin reductase-1b isoform delivers estrogen receptor-α and -β to the nucleus. Nuclear glutathione peroxidase-4 epigenetically and globally inhibits gene expression through the maintenance of chromatin compactness in testes. Continued studies on how these and additional nuclear selenoproteins regulate genome stability will have profound impact on advancing our understanding in selenium regulation of optimal health. © 2015 IUBMB Life, 68(1):5-12, 2016. PMID:26614639

  7. Maintenance dialysis in developing countries.

    PubMed

    Sinha, Aditi; Bagga, Arvind

    2015-02-01

    Patients with end-stage renal disease require renal replacement therapy with maintenance hemodialysis or chronic peritoneal dialysis while awaiting transplantation. In addition to economic issues and limited state funding for advanced health care, the lack of trained medical personnel contributes to scarce dialysis facilities for children in developing countries. The establishment and operation of a hemodialysis unit with multidisciplinary facilities is both cost- and labor-intensive. Hemodialysis is usually carried out three times a week in a hospital setting and affects the curricular and extracurricular activities of the patient. Chronic ambulatory or cyclic peritoneal dialysis is technically simpler and allows better nutrition and growth, but is expensive for the majority of patients who must pay out of their own pocket. Multiple initiatives to enhance the training of pediatricians and nurses in skills related to initiating and managing patients on maintenance dialysis have resulted in the improved survival of children with end-stage renal disease. Support from state governments and philanthropic institutions have helped in establishing pediatric nephrology units that are equipped to provide renal replacement therapy for children. PMID:24469439

  8. Carnitine in maintenance hemodialysis patients.

    PubMed

    Guarnieri, Gianfranco

    2015-03-01

    Carnitine is a conditionally essential metabolite that plays a critical role in cell physiology. Carnitine is necessary for fatty acid transport to sites of beta-oxidation in the mitochondria, where it also helps to prevent organic acid accumulation. Because of these key regulatory functions, carnitine represents a crucial determinant of mitochondrial energy metabolism, whose deficiency may lead to metabolic and clinical disturbances. Loss of carnitine through dialytic membranes occurs in maintenance hemodialysis, resulting in potential carnitine depletion and relative increments of esterified carnitine forms. Carnitine supplementation has been reported to counteract some of these alterations and has been associated with some clinical benefits, such as enhanced response to erythropoietin as well as improvement in exercise tolerance, intradialytic symptom, hyperparathyroidism, insulin resistance, inflammatory and oxidant status, protein balance, lipid profile, cardiac function, and quality of life. Carnitine supplementation has an attractive theoretical rationale; however, there are no definitive supportive studies and conclusive evidence that L-carnitine supplementation in maintenance hemodialysis patients could improve these conditions. A trial of carnitine administration could be attempted for 6 to 12 months only in selected patients on dialysis who do not adequately respond to standard therapies, in the presence of symptomatology, and in conjunction with patient dialysis age and documented L-carnitine deficiency. PMID:25600394

  9. No maintenance - no energy efficiency

    SciTech Connect

    Szydlowski, R.F.; Schliesing, J.S.; Winiarski, D.W.

    1995-06-01

    Field investigations illustrate that it is not realistic to expect new high-tech equipment to function for a full life expectancy at high efficiency without significant operations and maintenance (O&M). A simple walk-through inspection of most buildings reveals extensive equipment that is being operated on manual override, is incorrectly adjusted and operating inefficiently, or is simply inoperative. This point is illustrated with two examples at Robins Air Force Base, Georgia. The first describes development of a comprehensive, base-wide, steam trap maintenance program. The second describes a measured evaluation from a typical office building. the objective of both examples was to assess the importance of proper O&M. The proposed {open_quotes}O&M First{close_quotes} philosophy will result in more efficient building HVAC operation, provide improved services to the building occupants, and reduce energy consumption and unscheduled equipment repair/replacement. Implementation of a comprehensive O&M program will result in a 15% to 25% energy savings. The O&M foundation will ensure that other energy conservation activities, such as demand-side management or energy management and control systems, achieve and maintain their expected energy savings.

  10. Methadone maintenance patients in general medical practice. A preliminary report.

    PubMed

    Novick, D M; Pascarelli, E F; Joseph, H; Salsitz, E A; Richman, B L; Des Jarlais, D C; Anderson, M; Dole, V P; Nyswander, M E

    1988-06-10

    Medical maintenance is the treatment by primary care physicians of rehabilitated methadone maintenance patients who are stable, employed, not abusing drugs, and not in need of supportive services. In this research project, physicians with experience in drug abuse treatment provided both the pharmacologic treatment of addiction as well as therapy for other medical problems, as needed. Decisions regarding treatment were based on the individual needs of the patient and on currently accepted medical practice rather than on explicit regulations. We studied the first 40 former heroin addicts who were transferred to this program from more conventional methadone clinics. At a follow-up visit at 12 to 55 months, 33 (82.5%) of 40 patients had remained in treatment; five (12.5%) had been discharged because of cocaine abuse and two (5%) had been voluntarily discharged. Personal benefits of medical maintenance include the dignity of a standard professional atmosphere and a more flexible reporting schedule. This program has the potential for improving treatment of selected methadone maintenance patients. PMID:3373662

  11. Maintenance of Certification®, Maintenance of Public Trust

    PubMed Central

    Chung, Kevin C.; Clapham, Philip J.; Lalonde, Donald H.

    2010-01-01

    The Maintenance of Certification® (MOC) program has been well received by many physicians, but faced significant opposition from others, who complain that it is overly tedious, costly, and irrelevant to their practice. This article offers a consolidated and concise history of the MOC program and a summary of what plastic surgeons need to know to successfully complete the American Board of Plastic Surgery’s (ABPS) own MOC requirements. The authors have justified each step of the ABPS’s MOC process in terms of how it improves the quality of care delivered to Plastic Surgery patients. Finally, a summary of research is presented that demonstrates both that the public supports the MOC process for all physicians and that continuing education and formal assessment and improvement initiatives have been linked in multiple studies to a better and more evidence-based medical practice. PMID:21285803

  12. Scheduling Jobs and a Variable Maintenance on a Single Machine with Common Due-Date Assignment

    PubMed Central

    Wan, Long

    2014-01-01

    We investigate a common due-date assignment scheduling problem with a variable maintenance on a single machine. The goal is to minimize the total earliness, tardiness, and due-date cost. We derive some properties on an optimal solution for our problem. For a special case with identical jobs we propose an optimal polynomial time algorithm followed by a numerical example. PMID:25147861

  13. Vantage point - A 'wicked' problem.

    PubMed

    Naish, Jane

    2015-10-01

    SENIOR NURSES everywhere are facing a 'wicked' problem, wicked in the sense that it seems to defy resolution. The problem is this: the national shortage of nurses, particularly of those at band 5, is forcing us to use agency nurses so that we have enough staff to provide patient care safely. PMID:26419565

  14. Breathing Problems

    MedlinePlus

    ... you're not getting enough air. Sometimes mild breathing problems are from a stuffy nose or hard ... conditions such as asthma, emphysema or pneumonia cause breathing difficulties. So can problems with your trachea or ...

  15. Erection problems

    MedlinePlus

    ... may include: Taking your blood pressure Examining your penis and rectum to check for problems Your provider ... check for normal nighttime erections Ultrasound of your penis to check for blood flow problems Rigidity monitoring ...

  16. Reliability Centered Maintenance: the EDF's Experience

    SciTech Connect

    Huyart, Thierry; Degrave, Claude; Dubreuil-Chambardel, Alain

    2002-07-01

    In order to ensure safest possible operation and to get best overall economic performance of its Nuclear Power Plants, 10 years ago Electricite de France launched a Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM) project (the so-called OMF Methodology in French) to optimize the preventive maintenance programs, while keeping safety at the right level required. The principles underlying the RCM approach are based on common sense: failures must be prevented by preventive maintenance operations in all cases when the repercussions for the installation could be serious or critical in term of safety, availability or maintenance costs. The new preventive maintenance programs are presently almost completed and progressively implemented. Here and now, the implementation of the RCM approach allows to emphasize some benefits in the fields of costs, safety availability and maintenance culture. (authors)

  17. Subpixel resolution from multiple images

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cheeseman, Peter; Kanefsky, Rob; Stutz, John; Kraft, Richard

    1994-01-01

    Multiple images taken from similar locations and under similar lighting conditions contain similar, but not identical, information. Slight differences in instrument orientation and position produces mismatches between the projected pixel grids. These mismatches ensure that any point on the ground is sampled differently in each image. If all the images can be registered with respect to each other to a small fraction of a pixel accuracy, then the information from the multiple images can be combined to increase linear resolution by roughly the square root of the number of images. In addition, the gray-scale resolution of the composite image is also improved. We describe methods for multiple image registration and combination, and discuss some of the problems encountered in developing and extending them. We display test results with 8:1 resolution enhancement, and Viking Orbiter imagery with 2:1 and 4:1 enhancements.

  18. KINOFORM LENSES - TOWARD NANOMETER RESOLUTION.

    SciTech Connect

    STEIN, A.; EVANS-LUTTERODT, K.; TAYLOR, A.

    2004-10-23

    While hard x-rays have wavelengths in the nanometer and sub-nanometer range, the ability to focus them is limited by the quality of sources and optics, and not by the wavelength. A few options, including reflective (mirrors), diffractive (zone plates) and refractive (CRL's) are available, each with their own limitations. Here we present our work with kinoform lenses which are refractive lenses with all material causing redundant 2{pi} phase shifts removed to reduce the absorption problems inherently limiting the resolution of refractive lenses. By stacking kinoform lenses together, the effective numerical aperture, and thus the focusing resolution, can be increased. The present status of kinoform lens fabrication and testing at Brookhaven is presented as well as future plans toward achieving nanometer resolution.

  19. Second Line of Defense: Electronic Maintenance Reports, Local Maintenance Provider User Guide, Rev. 3

    SciTech Connect

    Leigh, Richard J.

    2012-09-01

    The Electronic Maintenance Report forms allow Local Maintenance Providers (LMP) and other program staff to enter maintenance information into a simple and secure system. This document describes the features and information required to complete the Maintenance Report forms. It is expected that all Corrective Maintenance Reports from LMPs will be submitted electronically into the SLD Portal. As an exception (e.g., when access to the SLD Portal is unavailable), Maintenance Reports can be submitted via a secure Adobe PDF form available through the Sustainability Manager assigned to each country.

  20. A Minimum Delta V Orbit Maintenance Strategy for Low-Altitude Missions Using Burn Parameter Optimization

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Brown, Aaron J.

    2011-01-01

    Orbit maintenance is the series of burns performed during a mission to ensure the orbit satisfies mission constraints. Low-altitude missions often require non-trivial orbit maintenance Delta V due to sizable orbital perturbations and minimum altitude thresholds. A strategy is presented for minimizing this Delta V using impulsive burn parameter optimization. An initial estimate for the burn parameters is generated by considering a feasible solution to the orbit maintenance problem. An low-lunar orbit example demonstrates the Delta V savings from the feasible solution to the optimal solution. The strategy s extensibility to more complex missions is discussed, as well as the limitations of its use.

  1. Baclofen in the short-term maintenance treatment of benzodiazepine dependence

    PubMed Central

    Shukla, Lekhansh; Kandasamy, Arun; Kesavan, Muralidharan; Benegal, Vivek

    2014-01-01

    Benzodiazepine (BZD) dependence is a significant public health problem. Apart from the long-term tapering doses of BZD, no others drugs are available for the maintenance treatment of BZD dependence. Baclofen has been used in alcohol and other drug dependence as long-term anti-craving agent. Since alcohol and BZD act through the GABA receptor, we attempted to study the effect of Baclofen as maintenance treatment in a series of five cases with BZD dependence. PMID:25540541

  2. Baclofen in the short-term maintenance treatment of benzodiazepine dependence.

    PubMed

    Shukla, Lekhansh; Kandasamy, Arun; Kesavan, Muralidharan; Benegal, Vivek

    2014-11-01

    Benzodiazepine (BZD) dependence is a significant public health problem. Apart from the long-term tapering doses of BZD, no others drugs are available for the maintenance treatment of BZD dependence. Baclofen has been used in alcohol and other drug dependence as long-term anti-craving agent. Since alcohol and BZD act through the GABA receptor, we attempted to study the effect of Baclofen as maintenance treatment in a series of five cases with BZD dependence. PMID:25540541

  3. Initial flight qualification and operational maintenance of X-29A flight software

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Earls, Michael R.; Sitz, Joel R.

    1989-01-01

    A discussion is presented of some significant aspects of the initial flight qualification and operational maintenance of the flight control system softward for the X-29A technology demonstrator. Flight qualification and maintenance of complex, embedded flight control system software poses unique problems. The X-29A technology demonstrator aircraft has a digital flight control system which incorporates functions generally considered too complex for analog systems. Organizational responsibilities, software assurance issues, tools, and facilities are discussed.

  4. Autonomous spacecraft maintenance study group

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Marshall, M. H.; Low, G. D.

    1981-01-01

    A plan to incorporate autonomous spacecraft maintenance (ASM) capabilities into Air Force spacecraft by 1989 is outlined. It includes the successful operation of the spacecraft without ground operator intervention for extended periods of time. Mechanisms, along with a fault tolerant data processing system (including a nonvolatile backup memory) and an autonomous navigation capability, are needed to replace the routine servicing that is presently performed by the ground system. The state of the art fault handling capabilities of various spacecraft and computers are described, and a set conceptual design requirements needed to achieve ASM is established. Implementations for near term technology development needed for an ASM proof of concept demonstration by 1985, and a research agenda addressing long range academic research for an advanced ASM system for 1990s are established.

  5. Simple maintenance for dramatic effect.

    PubMed

    Wells, Scott; Collen, Mark

    2012-08-01

    In an article which first appeared in print in the March 2012 issue of The Australian Hospital Engineer, based on a presentation given at the Institute of Hospital Engineering Australia's 2009 National Conference, Scott Wells, energy manager, Engineering & Building Services, at Royal Brisbane Women's Hospital, and Mark Collen, a district account manager, Engineering and Process Development Division, at water treatment specialist, Nalco, discuss how sound, regular, and thorough, maintenance and cleaning of hospital air-handing units will not only enhance their operating efficiency, but will also help reduce airborne infection risk in the healthcare facilities they serve. They also detail practical measures taken at hospitals in Queensland to reduce the energy consumption of air-handling equipment. PMID:22984738

  6. Simulated maintenance a virtual reality

    SciTech Connect

    Lirvall, P.

    1995-10-01

    The article describes potential applications of personal computer-based virtual reality software. The applications are being investigated by Atomic Energy of Canada Limited`s (AECL) Chalk River Laboratories for the Canadian deuterium-uranium (Candu) reactor. Objectives include: (1) reduction of outage duration and improved safety, (2) cost-effective and safe maintenance of equipment, (3) reduction of exposure times and identification of overexposure situations, (4) cost-effective training in a virtual control room simulator, (5) human factors evaluation of design interface, and (6) visualization of conceptual and detailed designs of critical nuclear field environments. A demonstration model of a typical reactor control room, the use of virtual reality in outage planning, and safety issues are outlined.

  7. Reliability centered maintenance in astronomical infrastructure facilities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ansorge, W. R.

    2006-06-01

    Hundreds of mirror segment, thousands of high precision actuators, highly complex mechanical, hydraulic, electrical and other technology subsystems, and highly sophisticated control systems: an ELT system consists of millions of individual parts and components, each of them may fail and lead to a partial or complete system breakdown. The traditional maintenance concepts characterized by predefined preventive maintenance activities and rigid schedules are not suitable for handling this large number of potential failures and malfunctions and the extreme maintenance workload. New maintenance strategies have to be found suitable to increase reliability while reducing the cost of needless maintenance services. The Reliability Centred Maintenance (RCM) methodology is already used extensively by airlines, and in industrial and marine facilities and even by scientific institutions like NASA. Its application increases the operational reliability while reducing the cost of unnecessary maintenance activities and is certainly also a solution for current and future ELT facilities. RCM is a concept of developing a maintenance scheme based on the reliability of the various components of a system by using "feedback loops between instrument / system performance monitoring and preventive/corrective maintenance cycles." Ideally RCM has to be designed within a system and should be located in the requirement definition, the preliminary and final design phases of new equipment and complicated systems. However, under certain conditions, an implementation of RCM into the maintenance management strategy of already existing astronomical infrastructure facilities is also possible. This presentation outlines the principles of the RCM methodology, explains the advantages, and highlights necessary changes in the observatory development, operation and maintenance philosophies. Presently, it is the right time to implement RCM into current and future ELT projects and to save up to 50% maintenance and operation costs.

  8. Tandem mirror next step: remote maintenance

    SciTech Connect

    Doggett, J.N.; Damm, C.C.; Hanson, C.L.

    1980-10-27

    This study of the next proposed experiment in the Mirror Fusion Program, the Tandem Mirror Next Step (TMNS), has included serious consideration of the maintenance requirements of such a large source of high energy neutrons with its attendant throughput of tritium. Although maintenance will be costly in time and money, our conclusion is that with careful attention to a design for maintenance plan such a device can be reliably operated.

  9. 14 CFR 43.17 - Maintenance, preventive maintenance, and alterations performed on U.S. aeronautical products by...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Maintenance, preventive maintenance, and..., PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE, REBUILDING, AND ALTERATION § 43.17 Maintenance, preventive maintenance, and... ratings may, with respect to a U.S.-registered aircraft located in Canada, perform maintenance,...

  10. Risk-based budgeting for maintenance dredging

    SciTech Connect

    Walsh, M.R.; Moser, D.A.

    1994-12-31

    The US Army Corps of Engineers must estimate the budget required to conduct maintenance dredging at hundreds of sites across the country. The amount of funds needed to do the maintenance dredging is highly uncertain and there are risks associated with overestimates and underestimates. A risk-based approach to the budgeting process for maintenance dredging can help identify the uncertainty and assess and manage the associated risk. A concept and preliminary plan for a risk-based approach for developing budgets for maintenance dredging is presented.

  11. Maintenance management at La Silla Paranal Observatory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Montano, Nelson

    2008-07-01

    From the beginning of the VLT project, the European Southern Observatory (ESO) considered the application of a competent maintenance strategy a fundamental aspect for future operations of the Paranal Observatory. For that purpose, a special maintenance philosophy was developed during the project stage and applied during the initial years of operations. The merging of the La Silla and Paranal Observatories in 2005 added a new managerial challenge to the regular operational requirements (high availability and reliability) which motivated ESO Management to develop a stronger strategy for the operations of the new merged Observatory. Part of the new strategy considered the creation of a dedicated department for the management of all maintenance activities, separating this support from the traditional scheme where the Engineering Department had the responsibility for the entire technical support to operations. In order to keep a competent level of maintenance operations for the new unified Observatory, the La Silla Paranal (LSP) Maintenance Department has been using a well known maintenance management model used in various industrial applications as a guide. Today the operations of the Maintenance Department are concentrated on developing and implementing practices regarding concepts such as Maintenance Tactics, Planning, Data Management, Performance Indicators and Material Management. In addition to that, advances related to Reliability Analysis been taken in order to reach a superior level of excellence. The results achieved by the LSP Maintenance Department are reflected in a reduced rate of functional failures, allowing uninterrupted operations of the Observation sites.

  12. Longview District Operations and Maintenance Headquarters : Environmental Assessment.

    SciTech Connect

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1992-03-01

    Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) operations and maintenance staff are presently based at a headquarters next to the Longview Substation. These headquarters buildings, however, were built in 1941 and have deteriorated to the point of needing extensive repair. They also lack sufficient inside storage space. New buildings cannot be constructed on the site because of surrounding development. In addition, the site is within an area exposed to industrial fallout (coal tar pitch and metallic particles) that may be damaging buildings, equipment, and vehicles. BPA is concerned about the potential health risk to headquarters staff from the fallout. In light of these problems, BPA proposes to construct a new operations and maintenance headquarters at a different location, and to demolish the existing headquarters. This paper discusses the environmental impacts of the proposed action and alternatives.

  13. Longview District Operations and Maintenance Headquarters: Environmental assessment

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-03-01

    Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) operations and maintenance staff are presently based at a headquarters next to the Longview Substation. These headquarters buildings, however, were built in 1941 and have deteriorated to the point of needing extensive repair. They also lack sufficient inside storage space. New buildings cannot be constructed on the site because of surrounding development. In addition, the site is within an area exposed to industrial fallout (coal tar pitch and metallic particles) that may be damaging buildings, equipment, and vehicles. BPA is concerned about the potential health risk to headquarters staff from the fallout. In light of these problems, BPA proposes to construct a new operations and maintenance headquarters at a different location, and to demolish the existing headquarters. This paper discusses the environmental impacts of the proposed action and alternatives.

  14. Elimination of chromatographic and mass spectrometric problems in GC-MS analysis of Lavender essential oil by multivariate curve resolution techniques: Improving the peak purity assessment by variable size moving window-evolving factor analysis.

    PubMed

    Jalali-Heravi, Mehdi; Moazeni-Pourasil, Roudabeh Sadat; Sereshti, Hassan

    2015-03-01

    In analysis of complex natural matrices by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), many disturbing factors such as baseline drift, spectral background, homoscedastic and heteroscedastic noise, peak shape deformation (non-Gaussian peaks), low S/N ratio and co-elution (overlapped and/or embedded peaks) lead the researchers to handle them to serve time, money and experimental efforts. This study aimed to improve the GC-MS analysis of complex natural matrices utilizing multivariate curve resolution (MCR) methods. In addition, to assess the peak purity of the two-dimensional data, a method called variable size moving window-evolving factor analysis (VSMW-EFA) is introduced and examined. The proposed methodology was applied to the GC-MS analysis of Iranian Lavender essential oil, which resulted in extending the number of identified constituents from 56 to 143 components. It was found that the most abundant constituents of the Iranian Lavender essential oil are α-pinene (16.51%), camphor (10.20%), 1,8-cineole (9.50%), bornyl acetate (8.11%) and camphene (6.50%). This indicates that the Iranian type Lavender contains a relatively high percentage of α-pinene. Comparison of different types of Lavender essential oils showed the composition similarity between Iranian and Italian (Sardinia Island) Lavenders. PMID:25621436

  15. 75 FR 4099 - Maintenance Wage Rate Wage Recommendation and Maintenance Wage Survey; Report of Additional...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-26

    ... adopt prevailing wage rates for maintenance laborers and mechanics, and to approve or refer to the U.S... maintenance laborers and mechanics, and to approve or refer to the U.S. Department of Labor for approval,...

  16. Technology and the future of medical equipment maintenance.

    PubMed

    Wear, J O

    1999-05-01

    Maintenance of medical equipment has been changing rapidly in the past few years. It is changing more rapidly in developed countries, but changes are also occurring in developing countries. Some of the changes may permit improved maintenance on the higher technology equipment in developing countries, since they do not require onsite expertise. Technology has had an increasing impact on the development of medical equipment with the increased use of microprocessors and computers. With miniaturization from space technology and electronic chip design, powerful microprocessors and computers have been built into medical equipment. The improvement in manufacturing technology has increased the quality of parts and therefore the medical equipment. This has resulted in increased mean time between failures and reduced maintenance needs. This has made equipment more reliable in remote areas and developing countries. The built-in computers and advances in software design have brought about self-diagnostics in medical equipment. The technicians now have a strong tool to be used in maintenance. One problem in this area is getting access to the self-diagnostics. Some manufacturers will not readily provide this access to the owner of the equipment. Advances in telecommunications in conjunction with self-diagnostics make available remote diagnosis and repair. Since components can no longer be repaired, a remote repair technician can instruct an operator or an on-site repairman on board replacement. In case of software problems, the remote repair technician may perform the repairs over the telephone. It is possible for the equipment to be monitored remotely by modern without interfering with the operation of the equipment. These changes in technology require the training of biomedical engineering technicians (BMETs) to change. They must have training in computers and telecommunications. Some of this training can be done with telecommunications and computers. PMID:10537671

  17. 47 CFR 80.1074 - Radio maintenance personnel for at-sea maintenance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Radio maintenance personnel for at-sea... AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES STATIONS IN THE MARITIME SERVICES Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS) General Provisions § 80.1074 Radio maintenance personnel for at-sea maintenance. (a)...

  18. 47 CFR 80.1074 - Radio maintenance personnel for at-sea maintenance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Radio maintenance personnel for at-sea... AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES STATIONS IN THE MARITIME SERVICES Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS) General Provisions § 80.1074 Radio maintenance personnel for at-sea maintenance. (a)...

  19. 47 CFR 80.1074 - Radio maintenance personnel for at-sea maintenance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Radio maintenance personnel for at-sea... AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES STATIONS IN THE MARITIME SERVICES Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS) General Provisions § 80.1074 Radio maintenance personnel for at-sea maintenance. (a)...

  20. 14 CFR 43.3 - Persons authorized to perform maintenance, preventive maintenance, rebuilding, and alterations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... major repair, or preventive maintenance, are listed in appendix A. (b) The holder of a mechanic... a mechanic or repairman certificate may perform the maintenance, preventive maintenance, and... pilot is authorized to perform; (3) There is no certificated mechanic available to perform...

  1. Grounds Maintenance Equipment and Procedures. Building Maintenance. Module VI. Instructor's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crank, Virgil

    This curriculum guide, one of six modules keyed to the building maintenance competency profile developed by industry and education professionals, provides materials for two units on grounds maintenance equipment and procedures. The first unit deals with grounds maintenance equipment and includes the following lessons: safety; changing oil/filter…

  2. Relationship Maintenance on Facebook: Development of a Measure, Relationship to General Maintenance, and Relationship Satisfaction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dainton, Marianne

    2013-01-01

    Previous research indicates that the primary reason college students use Facebook is for relationship maintenance. The present study sought to determine the relationship between Facebook maintenance and general maintenance efforts in college student romantic relationships, as well as the impacts of such behaviors on the relationship. Survey data

  3. Relationship Maintenance on Facebook: Development of a Measure, Relationship to General Maintenance, and Relationship Satisfaction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dainton, Marianne

    2013-01-01

    Previous research indicates that the primary reason college students use Facebook is for relationship maintenance. The present study sought to determine the relationship between Facebook maintenance and general maintenance efforts in college student romantic relationships, as well as the impacts of such behaviors on the relationship. Survey data…

  4. Managing Highway Maintenance: Instructor's Guide: For Training in Managing Highway Maintenance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal Highway Administration (DOT), Washington, DC. Offices of Research and Development.

    The guide, intended for use by training officers and field instructors in highway maintenance management, contains five courses with a combined total of 17 units of instruction for maintenance engineers and supervisors. The curriculum incorporates management concepts and practices of State, county, and city maintenance agencies which have…

  5. 14 CFR 91.1433 - CAMP: Maintenance and preventive maintenance training program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false CAMP: Maintenance and preventive... RULES Fractional Ownership Operations Program Management § 91.1433 CAMP: Maintenance and preventive maintenance training program. Each program manager who maintains program aircraft under a CAMP or a...

  6. 14 CFR 91.1433 - CAMP: Maintenance and preventive maintenance training program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false CAMP: Maintenance and preventive... RULES Fractional Ownership Operations Program Management § 91.1433 CAMP: Maintenance and preventive maintenance training program. Each program manager who maintains program aircraft under a CAMP or a...

  7. 14 CFR 91.1433 - CAMP: Maintenance and preventive maintenance training program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false CAMP: Maintenance and preventive... RULES Fractional Ownership Operations Program Management § 91.1433 CAMP: Maintenance and preventive maintenance training program. Each program manager who maintains program aircraft under a CAMP or a...

  8. 14 CFR 91.1433 - CAMP: Maintenance and preventive maintenance training program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false CAMP: Maintenance and preventive... RULES Fractional Ownership Operations Program Management § 91.1433 CAMP: Maintenance and preventive maintenance training program. Each program manager who maintains program aircraft under a CAMP or a...

  9. 14 CFR 91.1433 - CAMP: Maintenance and preventive maintenance training program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false CAMP: Maintenance and preventive... RULES Fractional Ownership Operations Program Management § 91.1433 CAMP: Maintenance and preventive maintenance training program. Each program manager who maintains program aircraft under a CAMP or a...

  10. 47 CFR 80.1074 - Radio maintenance personnel for at-sea maintenance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Radio maintenance personnel for at-sea... AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES STATIONS IN THE MARITIME SERVICES Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS) General Provisions § 80.1074 Radio maintenance personnel for at-sea maintenance. (a)...

  11. 47 CFR 80.1074 - Radio maintenance personnel for at-sea maintenance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Radio maintenance personnel for at-sea... AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES STATIONS IN THE MARITIME SERVICES Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS) General Provisions § 80.1074 Radio maintenance personnel for at-sea maintenance. (a)...

  12. Setting Up a Preventive Maintenance Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dwyer, Michael J., Jr.

    1980-01-01

    The steps of a preventive maintenance program are to determine what equipment will fall within the program; to determine what tasks are necessary to perform the required maintenance, and the frequency of each task; and to build a workable schedule. (Author/MLF)

  13. Maintenance for the Millennium: Another Approach

    SciTech Connect

    Sculthorpe, Barruy R.

    2002-07-01

    Nuclear units nationwide are struggling to increase plant reliability and availability while at the same time reduce their operating and maintenance costs. Some very costly investments have been made in programs such as Reliability Centered Maintenance [RCM]. Florida Power and Light's approach at the St. Lucie Nuclear Plant has taken a slightly different approach. Building on our knowledge of the RCM process and an already existing 'World Class' Predictive Maintenance Program, a 'Condition-Based' Maintenance Program that takes advantage of the RCM philosophy and our toolbox full of advanced and highly successful predictive maintenance technologies. These tools currently consist of vibration analysis, lubricant analysis (both physical property and wear metals analysis, thermographic analysis, motor current signature analysis, tribology and process parameter trending. All employed with the intent to evaluate a machines health. This machine health check allows the forecasting of future preventative maintenance [PM's] tasks and the revision of existing PM's to maximize machine performance and eliminate 'no-value-added' maintenance activities/costs. Within the last year, the Condition-Based Maintenance Program has produced a cost saving of approximately $1.5 million dollars. As the program matures, these cost savings will accumulate well into the millennium. (authors)

  14. The Cognitive Behavioral Approach to Weight Maintenance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Girdano, Dorothy Dusek

    The cognitive behavioral approach to weight maintenance assumes that obese people should be concerned with weight control rather than weight loss, and it embraces both the behavioral approach and a maintenance program which examines risks, value priorities, and the basic principles of weight loss/weight gain. The University of Maryland offers a…

  15. 47 CFR 80.96 - Maintenance tests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Maintenance tests. 80.96 Section 80.96... tests. Stations are authorized to engage in test transmissions necessary for maintenance of the station. Test transmissions must conform to appropriate test operating procedures....

  16. 40 CFR 1042.125 - Maintenance instructions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... accumulation on your emission-data engines as described in § 1042.245 and in 40 CFR part 1065. The restrictions...-related maintenance generally includes maintenance on the components we specify in 40 CFR part 1068... CONTROLS CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM NEW AND IN-USE MARINE COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES AND VESSELS...

  17. Reliability centered maintenance streamlining through lessons learned

    SciTech Connect

    Strong, D.K. )

    1991-01-01

    In late 1986, PSE and G concluded that the Nuclear Department would develop a consistent approach to maintenance at Artificial Island (Salem and Hope Creak nuclear units). Preventive maintenance (PM) would be the heart of this approach. In the last six months of 1987 departments affected by the maintenance program participated on working groups that developed the Artificial Island maintenance philosophy. The central theme of the maintenance philosophy is the RCM (reliability centered maintenance) process. A pilot project tested the process in 1988. In 1989 the Central PM Group formed and in 1990 was given responsibility and authority to analyze, approve, implement, and control PM program changes. RCM is the central theme of the PM improvement effort but not the whole effort. Other important pieces included in this paper are: development of a common PM program, improvement of work instructions, development of predictive maintenance techniques into programs, development of a PM basis database, development of PM feedback from failure trends, root cause analysis, maintenance performance indicators, technicians, and engineers.

  18. Maintenance implementation plan for solid waste management

    SciTech Connect

    Reddinger, R.W., Westinghouse Hanford

    1996-06-27

    This Maintenance Implementation Plan (MIP)was developed for implementation of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Order 4330.4A, A Maintenance Implementation Program (DOE 1990) which has been replaced by 4330.4B (DOE 1994) at the Hanford Site SWM complex. It addresses maintenance functions associated with SWM, which includes the field operational group and the facilities operational group. An assessment of the existing maintenance programs for SWM was performed, and the results of this assessment were evaluated to determine corrective actions required to bring Solid Waste Maintenance into compliance with the order. The objective of this MIP is to provide baseline information for the control and execution of SWM Maintenance activities relative to the requirements of Order 4330.4B, Chapter II. (Nuclear Facilities) It also describes actions that are planned to achieve compliance. Section 2.0 of this MIP summarizes the mission, history, and future plans of SWM. Section 3.0 describes maintenance scope and requirements, and outlines the overall strategy (both near- term and long-term) for implementing improvements to the maintenance program. Specific elements of DOE Order 4330.4B are addressed in Section 4.0, including objectives of each element, a discussion of how SWM addresses these objectives, proposed improvements, and references to Westinghouse Hanford Company (Westinghouse Hanford) policies and procedures. Section 5.0 addresses deviations from policy requirements, and Section 6.0 presents the implementation schedule for planned improvements.

  19. 14 CFR 91.1111 - Maintenance training.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Maintenance training. 91.1111 Section 91... Operations Program Management § 91.1111 Maintenance training. The program manager must ensure that all... annual recurrent training and are competent to perform those duties....

  20. 7 CFR 772.5 - Security maintenance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Security maintenance. 772.5 Section 772.5 Agriculture... SPECIAL PROGRAMS SERVICING MINOR PROGRAM LOANS § 772.5 Security maintenance. (a) General. Borrowers are responsible for maintaining the collateral that is serving as security for their Minor Program loan...

  1. 7 CFR 772.5 - Security maintenance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... liquidation if warranted. (3) For real estate security for IMP loans, service the account according to 7 CFR... 7 Agriculture 7 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Security maintenance. 772.5 Section 772.5 Agriculture... SPECIAL PROGRAMS SERVICING MINOR PROGRAM LOANS § 772.5 Security maintenance. (a) General. Borrowers...

  2. Maintenance program guidelines for programmatic equipment

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-11-01

    The Division Directors at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory are responsible for implementing a maintenance program for research equipment (also referred to as programmatic equipment) assigned to them. The program must allow maintenance to be accomplished in a manner that promotes operational safety, environmental protection and compliance, and cost effectiveness; that preserves the intended functions of the facilities and equipment; and that supports the programmatic mission of the Laboratory. Programmatic equipment -- such as accelerators, lasers, radiation detection equipment, and glove boxes -- is dedicated specifically to research. Installed equipment, by contrast, includes the mechanical and electrical systems installed as part of basic building construction, equipment essential to the normal functioning of the facility and its intended use. Examples of installed equipment are heating, ventilating, and air conditioning systems; elevators; and communications systems. The LBL Operating and Assurance Program Plan (PUB-3111, Revision 4) requires that a maintenance program be prepared for programmatic equipment and defines the basic maintenance program elements. Such a program of regular, documented maintenance is vital to the safety and quality of research activities. As a part of that support, this document offers guidance to Laboratory organizations for developing their maintenance programs. It clarifies the maintenance requirements of the Operating and Assurance Program (OAP) and presents an approach that, while not the only possibility, can be expected to produce an effective maintenance program for research equipment belonging to the Laboratory`s organizations.

  3. Test, Control and Monitor System maintenance plan

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Buehler, David P.; Lougheed, M. J.

    1993-01-01

    The maintenance requirements for Test, Control, and Monitor System (TCMS) and the method for satisfying these requirements prior to First Need Date (FND) of the last TCMS set are described. The method for satisfying maintenance requirements following FND of the last TCMS set will be addressed by a revision to this plan. This maintenance plan serves as the basic planning document for maintenance of this equipment by the NASA Payloads Directorate (CM) and the Payload Ground Operations Contractor (PGOC) at KSC. The terms TCMS Operations and Maintenance (O&M), Payloads Logistics, TCMS Sustaining Engineering, Payload Communications, and Integrated Network Services refer to the appropriate NASA and PGOC organization. For the duration of their contract, the Core Electronic Contractor (CEC) will provide a Set Support Team (SST). One of the primary purposes of this team is to help NASA and PGOC operate and maintain TCMS. It is assumed that SST is an integral part of TCMS O&M. The purpose of this plan is to describe the maintenance concept for TCMS hardware and system software in order to facilitate activation, transition planning, and continuing operation. When software maintenance is mentioned in this plan, it refers to maintenance of TCMS system software.

  4. 40 CFR 1042.125 - Maintenance instructions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... accumulation on your emission-data engines as described in § 1042.245 and in 40 CFR part 1065. The restrictions...-related maintenance generally includes maintenance on the components we specify in 40 CFR part 1068... engine will work properly only with the identified component or service. (g) Payment for...

  5. 40 CFR 1042.125 - Maintenance instructions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... accumulation on your emission-data engines as described in § 1042.245 and in 40 CFR part 1065. The restrictions...-related maintenance generally includes maintenance on the components we specify in 40 CFR part 1068... engine will work properly only with the identified component or service. (g) Payment for...

  6. Void Fraction Instrument operation and maintenance manual

    SciTech Connect

    Borgonovi, G.; Stokes, T.I.; Pearce, K.L.; Martin, J.D.; Gimera, M.; Graves, D.B.

    1994-09-01

    This Operations and Maintenance Manual (O&MM) addresses riser installation, equipment and personnel hazards, operating instructions, calibration, maintenance, removal, and other pertinent information necessary to safely operate and store the Void Fraction Instrument. Final decontamination and decommissioning of the Void Fraction Instrument are not covered in this document.

  7. Competency-Based Horticulture: Turfgrass Maintenance Worker.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    College of DuPage, Glen Ellyn, IL.

    This competency-based horticulture curriculum guide is designed to provide secondary and postsecondary horticulture teachers with a task-oriented program for training turfgrass maintenance workers. It contains a master resource list, a listing of turfgrass maintenance resources available from various states, and 59 competency task sheets organized…

  8. 40 CFR 1042.125 - Maintenance instructions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... accumulation on your emission-data engines as described in § 1042.245 and in 40 CFR part 1065. The restrictions...-related maintenance generally includes maintenance on the components we specify in 40 CFR part 1068... this section: (i) For EGR-related filters and coolers, PCV valves, and fuel injector tips...

  9. 49 CFR 37.203 - Lift maintenance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Lift maintenance. 37.203 Section 37.203 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation TRANSPORTATION SERVICES FOR INDIVIDUALS WITH DISABILITIES (ADA) Over-the-Road Buses (OTRBs) § 37.203 Lift maintenance. (a) The entity shall establish...

  10. 49 CFR 37.203 - Lift maintenance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Lift maintenance. 37.203 Section 37.203 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation TRANSPORTATION SERVICES FOR INDIVIDUALS WITH DISABILITIES (ADA) Over-the-Road Buses (OTRBs) § 37.203 Lift maintenance. (a) The entity shall establish...

  11. 40 CFR 1042.125 - Maintenance instructions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... filters, servicing engine-cooling systems, and adjusting idle speed, governor, engine bolt torque, valve... accumulation on your emission-data engines as described in § 1042.245 and in 40 CFR part 1065. The restrictions...-related maintenance generally includes maintenance on the components we specify in 40 CFR part...

  12. Plumbing. Building Maintenance. Module III. Instructor's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brunk, Art

    This curriculum guide, one of six modules keyed to the building maintenance competency profile developed by industry and education professionals, provides materials for a plumbing procedures unit of seven lessons. Lesson topics are: safety procedures, joining pipes, water systems, fixtures and appliances, maintenance and repair, drainage systems,…

  13. Health And Safety In Maintenance Activities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ungureanu, Nicolae Stelian; Daraba, Dinu; Moraru, Roland Iosif

    2015-07-01

    The paper examines some aspects of health and safety at work in maintenance activities. It was analysed the occurrence of accidents, statistically, in maintenance work. There have been identified a number of causes of accidents and there have been proposed some measures to reduce them.

  14. School Facilities Maintenance and Operations Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association of School Business Officials International, Reston, VA.

    Often a community's largest single investment is in its physical plants, including public school buildings and grounds. An essential factor in efficient school district operation is a well-organized, responsive plant operations and maintenance division. Maintenance has generally been defined as those services, activities, and procedures concerned…

  15. Standardized Curriculum for General Industrial Maintenance Trades.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mississippi State Dept. of Education, Jackson. Office of Vocational, Technical and Adult Education.

    Standardized vocational education course titles and core contents for two courses in Mississippi are provided: general industrial maintenance trades I and II. The first course contains the following units: (1) orientation and leadership activities; (2) safety; (3) blueprint reading; (4) oxyacetylene cutting; (5) preventative maintenance; (6)…

  16. Maintenance Downtime Wednesday, 2/24

    Atmospheric Science Data Center

    2016-02-23

    ... 07:00 am - 12:00 pm EST Event Impact:  The Data Pool, MISR order and browse tools, TAD, TES and MOPITT Search and Subset ... unavailable from 7am - 12pm for scheduled maintenance. Data processing and distribution may be impacted during maintenance.   ...

  17. Maintenance Downtime Wed., 5/04

    Atmospheric Science Data Center

    2016-05-04

    ... 07:00 am - 11:00 am EST Event Impact:  The Data Pool, Reverb, MISR order and browse tools, CERES, MOPITT, TAD and TES ... Wed. at 7am - 11am for scheduled maintenance. Data processing and distribution may be impacted during maintenance. We apologize ...

  18. 46 CFR Sec. 9 - Maintenance of documents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Maintenance of documents. Sec. 9 Section 9 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION A-NATIONAL SHIPPING AUTHORITY PROCEDURAL RULES FOR FINANCIAL TRANSACTIONS UNDER AGENCY AGREEMENTS Documents Sec. 9 Maintenance of documents. The agent...

  19. 12 CFR 347.205 - Record maintenance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Record maintenance. 347.205 Section 347.205 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION REGULATIONS AND STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY INTERNATIONAL BANKING Foreign Banks § 347.205 Record maintenance. The records of each insured branch shall...

  20. Putting Relationship Maintenance into Proper Perspectives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aleman, Carlos G.

    Noting that scholars often agree that varying investigations of relationship maintenance are only different mappings of the same territory, this paper organizes and criticizes the literature on relationship change from a position that defines maintenance as behavior that functions to sustain interpersonal bonds towards future interaction. The…

  1. Maintenance Personnel Performance Simulation (MAPPS) model

    SciTech Connect

    Siegel, A.I.; Bartter, W.D.; Wolf, J.J.; Knee, H.E.; Haas, P.M.

    1984-01-01

    A stochastic computer model for simulating the actions and behavior of nuclear power plant maintenance personnel is described. The model considers personnel, environmental, and motivational variables to yield predictions of maintenance performance quality and time to perform. The mode has been fully developed and sensitivity tested. Additional evaluation of the model is now taking place.

  2. Preventive Maintenance Guidelines for School Facilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maciha, John C.

    This five-part manual, intended to increase the integrity and support the longevity of school facilities, provides easy-to-use preventive maintenance (PM) system guidelines. Part 1 outlines the special considerations of school maintenance as compared to other facilities. Part 2 establishes the basic components of a PM program and provides Work…

  3. Problematics of different technical maintenance for computers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dostalek, Z.

    1977-01-01

    Two modes of operations are used in the technical maintenance of computers: servicing provided by the equipment supplier, and that done by specially trained computer users. The advantages and disadvantages of both modes are discussed. Maintenance downtime is tabulated for two computers serviced by user employees over an eight year period.

  4. Minor Maintenance. A Resource Manual for Custodians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Florida State Dept. of Education, Tallahassee.

    Areas of minor maintenance covered by this manual are--(1) electrical, (2) carpentry, (3) plumbing, (4) painting, and (5) masonry. Each area is defined, tools and equipment for maintenance are listed, and the job procedure is given. The description of electrical work also covers sources of electricity and power transmission. The description of…

  5. The Cognitive Behavioral Approach to Weight Maintenance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Girdano, Dorothy Dusek

    The cognitive behavioral approach to weight maintenance assumes that obese people should be concerned with weight control rather than weight loss, and it embraces both the behavioral approach and a maintenance program which examines risks, value priorities, and the basic principles of weight loss/weight gain. The University of Maryland offers a

  6. The Chemistry of Swimming Pool Maintenance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salter, Carl; Langhus, David L.

    2007-01-01

    The study of chemistry involved in the maintenance of a swimming pool provides a lot of chemical education to the students, including the demonstration of the importance of pH in water chemistry. The various chemical aspects hidden in the maintenance of the pool are being described.

  7. 50 CFR 80.17 - Maintenance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE SPORT FISH RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS § 80.17 Maintenance. The State is responsible for maintenance of all capital improvements acquired or constructed with Wildlife and Sport...

  8. Joint Problems

    MedlinePlus

    ... Information Causes & Symptoms Diagnosis & Tests Care & Treatment Lifestyle & ... Facts & Information What are Joint Problems? Your musculoskeletal system is constructed of bones, muscles, and joints. The ...

  9. Psychotherapy in the maintenance treatment of depression.

    PubMed

    Weissman, M M

    1994-12-01

    A review of epidemiologic and clinical data on depression suggests that psychotherapy is both an important alternative as well as a supplement to medication for the maintenance treatment of depression. Psychotherapy is an alternative for patients during periods when medication may not be suitable or feasible (e.g. pregnancy, nursing, before or during major surgery, or in the elderly). Psychotherapy also has a role in maintenance treatment in dealing with the social and interpersonal consequences or triggers of recurrent depression. Although the number of continuation or maintenance treatment trials that include psychotherapy is quite limited, the efficacy of maintenance treatment in the delay of recurrence and enhancement of social functioning is best established for interpersonal psychotherapy. There are also some results concerning cognitive and behavioural therapies for maintenance treatment of depression. PMID:7873137

  10. Storage battery heat maintenance apparatus

    SciTech Connect

    Sanders, R.J.

    1986-07-15

    This patent describes a heat maintenance apparatus for storage battery having at least one terminal for removable interconnection with a battery cable comprising, in combination: an elongated adapter post having a generally cylinder-shaped outer surface; a circumferential groove formed in the outer surface of the adapter post defining a base and an upper rim on the elongated adapter post; an axially extending shoulder formed on the upper rim of the adapter post having a diameter smaller than that of the upper rim; means formed on the base of the adapter post for removably connecting the elongated adapter post to the terminal of the storage battery; means formed on the shoulder of the upper rim of the adapter post for removably connecting the battery cable to the elongated adapter post; means in surface contact with the outer surface of the elongated adapter post for applying heat to the adapter post, with the heat applying means being generally U-shaped and having a shape complementary to and for slideable receipt in the circumferential groove of the outer surface and intermediate the base and the upper rim of the elongated, cylinder-shaped, adapter post.

  11. A glue for heterochromatin maintenance

    PubMed Central

    Krouwels, Ilke M.; Wiesmeijer, Karien; Abraham, Tsion E.; Molenaar, Chris; Verwoerd, Nico P.; Tanke, Hans J.; Dirks, Roeland W.

    2005-01-01

    Trimethylation of histone H3 lysine 9 and the subsequent binding of heterochromatin protein 1 (HP1) mediate the formation and maintenance of pericentromeric heterochromatin. Trimethylation of H3K9 is governed by the histone methyltransferase SUV39H1. Recent studies of HP1 dynamics revealed that HP1 is not a stable component of heterochromatin but is highly mobile (Cheutin, T., A.J. McNairn, T. Jenuwein, D.M. Gilbert, P.B. Singh, and T. Misteli. 2003. Science. 299:721–725; Festenstein, R., S.N. Pagakis, K. Hiragami, D. Lyon, A. Verreault, B. Sekkali, and D. Kioussis. 2003. Science. 299:719–721). Because the mechanism by which SUV39H1 is recruited to and interacts with heterochromatin is unknown, we studied the dynamic properties of SUV39H1 in living cells by using fluorescence recovery after photobleaching and fluorescence resonance energy transfer. Our results show that a substantial population of SUV39H1 is immobile at pericentromeric heterochromatin, suggesting that, in addition to its catalytic activity, SUV39H1 may also play a structural role at pericentromeric regions. Analysis of SUV39H1 deletion mutants indicated that the SET domain mediates this stable binding. Furthermore, our data suggest that the recruitment of SUV39H1 to heterochromatin is at least partly independent from that of HP1 and that HP1 transiently interacts with SUV39H1 at heterochromatin. PMID:16103223

  12. KSHV Genome Replication and Maintenance

    PubMed Central

    Purushothaman, Pravinkumar; Dabral, Prerna; Gupta, Namrata; Sarkar, Roni; Verma, Subhash C.

    2016-01-01

    Kaposi's sarcoma associated herpesvirus (KSHV) or human herpesvirus 8 (HHV8) is a major etiological agent for multiple severe malignancies in immune-compromised patients. KSHV establishes lifetime persistence in the infected individuals and displays two distinct life cycles, generally a prolonged passive latent, and a short productive or lytic cycle. During latent phase, the viral episome is tethered to the host chromosome and replicates once during every cell division. Latency-associated nuclear antigen (LANA) is a predominant multifunctional nuclear protein expressed during latency, which plays a central role in episome tethering, replication and perpetual segregation of the episomes during cell division. LANA binds cooperatively to LANA binding sites (LBS) within the terminal repeat (TR) region of the viral episome as well as to the cellular nucleosomal proteins to tether viral episome to the host chromosome. LANA has been shown to modulate multiple cellular signaling pathways and recruits various cellular proteins such as chromatin modifying enzymes, replication factors, transcription factors, and cellular mitotic framework to maintain a successful latent infection. Although, many other regions within the KSHV genome can initiate replication, KSHV TR is important for latent DNA replication and possible segregation of the replicated episomes. Binding of LANA to LBS favors the recruitment of various replication factors to initiate LANA dependent DNA replication. In this review, we discuss the molecular mechanisms relevant to KSHV genome replication, segregation, and maintenance of latency. PMID:26870016

  13. Word Problems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fetrow, Jessica

    2009-01-01

    This study focused on how to help students translate word problems so that they understand how to solve them, and so they are successful with word problems. I have created three research questions to focus on during this research project. First, how will direct instruction of word meaning help clarify the operation needed, affect the achievement…

  14. Problem Periods

    MedlinePlus

    ... body fat to be very low, which can cause your periods to stop. This can happen if you are training hard for sports or if you ... problems with hormones. One common hormone condition that causes period problems is ... will often stop having periods. When to see a doctor top ...

  15. Mechanism problems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Riedel, J. K.

    1972-01-01

    It is pointed out that too frequently during the design and development of mechanisms, problems occur that could have been avoided if the right question had been asked before, rather than after, the fact. Several typical problems, drawn from actual experience, are discussed and analyzed. The lessons learned are used to generate various suggestions for minimizing mistakes in mechanism design.

  16. CleanFleet. Final report: Volume 3, vehicle maintenance and durability

    SciTech Connect

    1995-12-01

    CleanFleet is a demonstration of panel vans operating on five alternative motorfuels in commercial package delivery operations in the South Coast Air Basin of California. The five alternative fuels are propane gas, compressed natural gas (CNG), California Phase 2 reformulated gasoline (RFG), methanol (M-85 with 15 percent RFG), and electricity. Data were gathered on in-use emissions, operations, and fleet economics. This volume of the final report summarizes the maintenance required on these vans from the time they were introduced into the demonstration (April through early November 1992) until the end of the demonstration in September 1994. The vans were used successfully in FedEx operations; but, to varying degrees, the alternative fuel vehicles required more maintenance than the unleaded gasoline control vehicles. The maintenance required was generally associated with the development state of the fuel-related systems. During the demonstration, no non-preventive maintenance was required on the highly developed fuel-related systems in any of the unleaded gasoline production vehicles used either as controls or as RFG test vehicles. The maintenance problems encountered with the less developed systems used in this demonstration may persist in the short term with vehicles featuring the same or similar systems. This means that fleet operators planning near-term acquisitions of vehicles incorporating such systems should consider the potential for similar problems when (1) selecting vendors and warranty provisions and (2) planning maintenance programs.

  17. Magnetically Attached Multifunction Maintenance Rover

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bar-Cohen, Yoseph; Joffe, Benjamin

    2005-01-01

    A versatile mobile telerobot, denoted the magnetically attached multifunction maintenance rover (MAGMER), has been proposed for use in the inspection and maintenance of the surfaces of ships, tanks containing petrochemicals, and other large ferromagnetic structures. As its name suggests, this robot would utilize magnetic attraction to adhere to a structure. As it moved along the surface of the structure, the MAGMER would perform tasks that could include close-up visual inspection by use of video cameras, various sensors, and/or removal of paint by water-jet blasting, laser heating, or induction heating. The water-jet nozzles would be mounted coaxially within compressed-air-powered venturi nozzles that would collect the paint debris dislodged by the jets. The MAGMER would be deployed, powered, and controlled from a truck, to which it would be connected by hoses for water, compressed air, and collection of debris and by cables for electric power and communication (see Figure 1). The operation of the MAGMER on a typical large structure would necessitate the use of long cables and hoses, which can be heavy. To reduce the load of the hoses and cables on the MAGMER and thereby ensure its ability to adhere to vertical and overhanging surfaces, the hoses and cables would be paid out through telescopic booms that would be parts of a MAGMER support system. The MAGMER would move by use of four motorized, steerable wheels, each of which would be mounted in an assembly that would include permanent magnets and four pole pieces (see Figure 2). The wheels would protrude from between the pole pieces by only about 3 mm, so that the gap between the pole pieces and the ferromagnetic surface would be just large enough to permit motion along the surface but not so large as to reduce the magnetic attraction excessively. In addition to the wheel assemblies, the MAGMER would include magnetic adherence enhancement fixtures, which would comprise arrays of permanent magnets and pole pieces that could be adjusted to maximize or minimize the overall attractive magnetic force. Even with a paint thickness of 2 mm, a preliminary design provides a safety factor of 5 in the magnetic force in the upside- down, water-jets-operating condition, in which the total load (including the weight of the MAGMER and cables and the water-jet force) would be about 260 lb (the weight of 118 kg). Optionally, the MAGMER could carry magnetic shielding and/or could be equipped with a demagnetizing module to remove residual magnetism from the structure. The MAGMER would carry four charge-coupled-device cameras for visual inspection, monitoring of operation, navigation, and avoidance of collisions with obstacles. The control system of the MAGMER would include navigation and collision-avoidance subsystems that would utilize surface features as landmarks, in addition to direct images of obstacles.

  18. Does the Health Maintenance Facility Provide Speciality Capabilities?

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Boyce, Joey; Wurgler, James; Broadwell, Kim; Martin, William; Stiernberg, Charles M.; Bove, Alfred; Fromm, Rob; O'Neill, Daniel

    1991-01-01

    The Health Maintenance Facility (HMF) is capable of handling all minor illnesses, most moderate illnesses, and some major illnesses on board a space station. Its primary purpose should be to treat problems that are mission threatening, not life threatening. The HMF will have greater medical capabilities than those currently on Navy submarines. Much of the discussion in this document focuses on the possibilities of treating specific medical conditions on board a space station. The HMF will be limited to caring for critically ill patients for a few days, so a crew return vehicle will be important.

  19. The Role of Automatic Negative Reinforcement in Clinical Problems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miltenberger, Raymond G.

    2005-01-01

    This paper discusses the role of automatic negative reinforcement in the maintenance of clinical problems. Following a brief introduction to the functional conceptualization of clinical problems and discussion of four classes of reinforcement maintaining clinical problems, the paper suggests that automatic negative reinforcement is an understudied…

  20. Building an experience factory for maintenance

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Valett, Jon D.; Condon, Steven E.; Briand, Lionel; Kim, Yong-Mi; Basili, Victor R.

    1994-01-01

    This paper reports the preliminary results of a study of the software maintenance process in the Flight Dynamics Division (FDD) of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration/Goddard Space Flight Center (NASA/GSFC). This study is being conducted by the Software Engineering Laboratory (SEL), a research organization sponsored by the Software Engineering Branch of the FDD, which investigates the effectiveness of software engineering technologies when applied to the development of applications software. This software maintenance study began in October 1993 and is being conducted using the Quality Improvement Paradigm (QIP), a process improvement strategy based on three iterative steps: understanding, assessing, and packaging. The preliminary results represent the outcome of the understanding phase, during which SEL researchers characterized the maintenance environment, product, and process. Findings indicate that a combination of quantitative and qualitative analysis is effective for studying the software maintenance process, that additional measures should be collected for maintenance (as opposed to new development), and that characteristics such as effort, error rate, and productivity are best considered on a 'release' basis rather than on a project basis. The research thus far has documented some basic differences between new development and software maintenance. It lays the foundation for further application of the QIP to investigate means of improving the maintenance process and product in the FDD.

  1. La resolution de probleme appliquee a l'evaluation d'une innovation: Le cas de l'enseignement des mathematiques en Suisse romande (The Careful Solution to the Problem of Evaluating Innovation: The Case of a Math Teacher in French Switzerland).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christinat, Chantal Tieche

    This paper describes an aspect of an evaluation for a new mathematics teaching technique in primary school. This evaluation is inspired by the theory and conceptions which are at the base of the innovation. By offering an analogy between the situation of the teacher who must adapt to new ways and that of the pupil facing a "problem situation," it…

  2. Atomic resolution holography.

    PubMed

    Hayashi, Kouichi

    2014-11-01

    Atomic resolution holography, such as X-ray fluorescence holography (XFH)[1] and photoelectron holography (PH), has the attention of researcher as an informative local structure analysis, because it provides three dimensional atomic images around specific elements within a range of a few nanometers. It can determine atomic arrangements around a specific element without any prior knowledge of structures. It is considered that the atomic resolution holographic is a third method of structural analysis at the atomic level after X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS). As known by many researchers, XRD and XAFS are established methods that are widespread use in various fields. XRD and XAFS provide information on long-range translational periodicities and very local environments, respectively, whereas the atomic resolution holography gives 3D information on the local order and can visualize surrounding atoms with a large range of coordination shells. We call this feature "3D medium-range local structure observation".In addition to this feature, the atomic resolution holography is very sensitive to the displacement of atoms from their ideal positions, and one can obtain quantitative information about local lattice distortions by analyzing reconstructed atomic images[2] When dopants with different atomic radii from the matrix elements are present, the lattices around the dopants are distorted. However, using the conventional methods of structural analysis, one cannot determine the extent to which the local lattice distortions are preserved from the dopants. XFH is a good tool for solving this problem.Figure 1 shows a recent achievement on a relaxor ferroelectric of Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3 (PMN) using XFH. The structural studies of relaxor ferroelectrics have been carried out by X-ray or neutron diffractions, which suggested rhombohedral distortions of their lattices. However, their true pictures have not been obtained, yet. The Nb Kα holograms showed four separate Pb images, as shown in Fig.1. Using these images, we could obtain acute and obtuse rhombohedral structures of the crystal unit cells. Moreover, the Pb-Pb correlated images reconstructed from Pb Lα holograms showed a local structure of body center-like 2a0 ×2a0 × 2a0 superlattice, proving a rigid 3D network structural model combining the two kinds of rhombohedrons. This superstructure are believed to play an important role in the relaxor behaviour of PMN at atomic level[3].jmicro;63/suppl_1/i13/DFU047F1F1DFU047F1Fig. 1.3D images of the nearest Pb and O atoms around Nb in Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3. The cube represents 1/8 of the unit cell. PMID:25359802

  3. Diversity Maintenance in Genetic Programming

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Motoki, Tatsuya; Numaguchi, Yasushi

    This paper is motivated by an experimental result that better performing genetic programming runs tend to have higher phenotypic diversity. To maintain phenotypic diversity, we apply implicit fitness sharing and its variant, called unfitness multiplying. To apply these methods to problems in which individuals have infinite kinds of possible behaviours, we classify posible behaviours into 50 achievement levels, and assign a reward or a penalty to each level. In implicit fitness sharing a reward is shared out among individuals with the same achievement level, and in unfitness multiplying a penalty is multiplied by the number of individuals with the same level and is distributed to related individuals. Five benchmark problems (11-multiplexer, sextic polynomial, four-sine, intertwined spiral, and artificial ant problems) are used to illustrate the effect of the methods. The results show that our methods clearly promote diversity and lead population to a smooth frequency distribution of achievement levels, and that our methods usually perform better than the original implicit fitness sharing on success rate and the best (raw) fitness. We also observe that the unfitness multiplying makes a quite different ranking over individuals than the one by the implicit fitness sharing.

  4. Design of a decision support system for preventive maintenance planning in health structures.

    PubMed

    Miniati, Roberto; Dori, Fabrizio; Gentili, Guido Biffi

    2012-01-01

    The appropriate maintenance of medical devices, including performance inspections and preventive maintenance, is fundamental in mitigating clinical risk caused by adverse events in health care. Although several models for managing and planning preventive maintenance have been developed, the problem is lacking in standard methodology and still presents an open challenge for today's health experts. This paper aims to provide and develop methodology together with support systems able to assist decision makers in constructing preventive maintenance and performance inspection plans, taking into account both the technical and economic needs of hospital clinical engineering departments. Interventions by decision makers are of crucial importance within complex situations where large numbers, types of devices and different contractual situations are involved. SISMA system has achieved optimal results with minimum expense and maximum security for patients and technicians at the University Hospital of Florence where it has been applied in actual case studies. PMID:22735735

  5. Concepts for space maintenance of OTV engines

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Martinez, A.; Hines, B. D.; Erickson, C. M.

    1986-01-01

    In this paper, concepts for space maintainability of Orbital Transfer Vehicles engines are examined. An engine design is developed which is driven by space maintenance requirements and by a Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA). Modularity within the engine is shown to offer cost benefits and improved space maintenance capabilities. Space-operable disconnects are conceptualized for both engine change-out and for module replacement. Through FME mitigation the modules are conceptualized to contain the most often replaced engine components. A preliminary space maintenance plan is developed around a Controls and Condition Monitoring system using advanced sensors, controls, and conditioning monitoring concepts.

  6. Small satellite debris catalog maintenance issues

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jackson, Phoebe A.

    1991-01-01

    The United States Space Command (USSPACECOM) is a unified command of the Department of Defense, and one of its tasks is to detect, track, identify, and maintain a catalog of all man-made objects in Earth orbit. This task is called space surveillance, and the most important tool for space surveillance is the satellite catalog. The command's reasons for performing satellite catalog maintenance is presented. A satellite catalog is described, and small satellite-debris catalog-maintenance issues are identified. The underlying rationale is to describe the catalog maintenance services so that the members of the community can use them with assurance.

  7. Long Length Contaminated Equipment Maintenance Plan

    SciTech Connect

    ESVELT, C.A.

    2000-02-01

    The purpose of this document is to provide the maintenance requirements of the Long Length Contaminated Equipment (LLCE) trailers and provide a basis for the maintenance frequencies selected. This document is applicable to the LLCE Receiver trailer and Transport trailer assembled by Mobilized Systems Inc. (MSI). Equipment used in conjunction with, or in support of, these trailers is not included. This document does not provide the maintenance requirements for checkout and startup of the equipment following the extended lay-up status which began in the mid 1990s. These requirements will be specified in other documentation.

  8. 14 CFR 43.5 - Approval for return to service after maintenance, preventive maintenance, rebuilding, or alteration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... maintenance, preventive maintenance, rebuilding, or alteration. 43.5 Section 43.5 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE, PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE, REBUILDING, AND ALTERATION § 43.5 Approval for return to service after maintenance, preventive...

  9. Prostate Problems

    MedlinePlus

    ... surgery. • Other treatments . Sometimes radio waves, microwaves, or lasers are used to treat urinary problems caused by BPH. These methods use different kinds of heat to reduce extra prostate tissue. F Acute bacterial ...

  10. Kidney Problems

    MedlinePlus

    ... our e-newsletter! Aging & Health A to Z Kidney Problems Basic Facts & Information The kidneys are two ... the production of red blood cells. What are Kidney Diseases? For about one-third of older people, ...

  11. Sleep Problems

    MedlinePlus

    ... For Consumers Consumer Information by Audience For Women Sleep Problems Share Tweet Linkedin Pin it More sharing ... PDF 474KB) En Español Medicines to Help You Sleep Tips for Better Sleep Basic Facts about Sleep ...

  12. Urination Problems

    MedlinePlus

    ... back or groin? Yes You may have a KIDNEY STONE or another serious problem. EMERGENCY See your doctor ... the bladder, called INTERSTITIAL CYSTITIS, or from a KIDNEY STONE stuck in the bladder, or a chemical in ...

  13. Hearing Problems

    MedlinePlus

    ... This flow chart will help direct you if hearing loss is a problem for you or a family ... may damage the inner ear. This kind of hearing loss is called OCCUPATIONAL. Prevent occupational hearing loss by ...

  14. Balance Problems

    MedlinePlus

    ... nerve signals from your inner ear. These sensory systems supply information about your position in space and the pull of gravity. Errors in any of these systems can produce balance problems. Even when all these ...

  15. Thyroid Problems

    MedlinePlus

    ... treated differently. Common thyroid disorders and problems include: Hypothyroidism Hypothyroidism is a disorder in which your thyroid doesn’ ... normal after you get better. If you have hypothyroidism, however, the levels of T4 in your blood ...

  16. Foot Problems

    MedlinePlus

    ... Help Related Topics Arthritis Diabetes Falls Prevention Pain Management Join our e-newsletter! Aging & Health A to Z Foot Problems Basic Facts & Information Foot pain and foot disorders are common complaints among older people. Foot pain makes it harder ...

  17. A Planned Preventive Maintenance Program. A Handbook for Chief Business Officers and Supervisors of Maintenance with Suggestions on Maintenance for Consideration by Presidents of Higher Institutions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daniel, Clarence H.

    This handbook explains planned preventive maintenance program, which is an operational system of maintenance designed to increase the effectiveness of the maintenance staff and the use of maintenance funds through efficient scheduling of inspections and follow-through of work to be performed. Sections are included for the chief administrative…

  18. A Proposed Approach for Prioritizing Maintenance at NASA Centers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dunn, Steven C.; Sawyer, Melvin H.

    2013-01-01

    The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) manages a vast array of infrastructure assets across ten National Centers with a worth of at least 30 billion dollars. Eighty percent of this infrastructure is greater than 40 years old and is in degraded condition. Maintenance budgets are typically less than one percent of current replacement value (CRV), much less than the 2-4% recommended by the National Research Council. The maintenance backlog was 2.55 billion dollars in FY10 and growing. NASA s annual budgets have flattened and are at risk of being reduced, so the problem is becoming even more difficult. NASA Centers utilize various means to prioritize and accomplish maintenance within available budgets, though data is suspect and processes are variable. This paper offers a structured means to prioritize maintenance based on mission criticality and facility performance (ability of the facility to deliver on its purpose). Mission alignment is assessed using the current timeframe Mission Dependence Index and a measure of facility alignment with the 2011 NASA Strategic Plan for the long-term perspective. Facility performance is assessed by combining specific findings from a structured facility condition assessment and an assessment of actual functional output. These are then combined in a matrix to identify the facilities most critical to mission and able to deliver services. The purpose of this approach is to provide the best benefits for the available funding. Additionally, this rationale can also be applied to the prioritization of investment (recapitalization) projects so that the ultimate customers of this paper, the senior infrastructure managers at each NASA Center, are better able to strategically manage their capabilities.

  19. Site Maintenance Plan: Part 2, Site Maintenance Action Plan for FY 1994

    SciTech Connect

    Fisk, E.L.

    1994-06-01

    This Fiscal Year (FY) 1994 Site Maintenance Action Plan (SMAP) is Part II of the Site Maintenance Plan, and has been written by Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) to outline the requirements stated in DOE Order 4330.4B, Maintenance Management Program, Chapter 1, Paragraph 3.3.1. The SMAP provides an annual status of maintenance initiatives completed and planned, a summary of performance indicators, a summary of maintenance backlog, a listing of real property and capital equipment maintenance cost estimates that were used to create the FY 1996 infrastructure and maintenance budget input, and a listing of proposed line item and general plant projects. Additionally, assumptions for various Site programs are listed to bring the Site Maintenance Plan into focus with overall Site activities. The primary mission at Hanford is to clean up the Site. In this cleanup process WHC will provide scientific and technological expertise to meet global needs, and partnership with stakeholders in the region to develop regional economic diversification. Other missions at the Hanford Site include energy research and development, and waste management and disposal activities. Their primary mission has a 30-year projected life span and will direct the shutting down and cleanup of defense production facilities and the Fast Flux Test Facility. This long-term mission requires continuous maintenance and in many instances, replacement of existing basic infrastructure, support facilities, and utilities. Without adequate maintenance and capital funding these infrastructure, support facilities, and utilities will continue to deteriorate causing an increase in backlogged work.

  20. 49 CFR 230.66 - Design, construction, and maintenance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION STEAM LOCOMOTIVE INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARDS Steam Locomotives and Tenders 230.66 Design, construction, and maintenance. The steam locomotive owner and operator are responsible for the general design, construction and maintenance of the steam locomotives...

  1. 49 CFR 230.66 - Design, construction, and maintenance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION STEAM LOCOMOTIVE INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARDS Steam Locomotives and Tenders 230.66 Design, construction, and maintenance. The steam locomotive owner and operator are responsible for the general design, construction and maintenance of the steam locomotives...

  2. 49 CFR 230.66 - Design, construction, and maintenance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION STEAM LOCOMOTIVE INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARDS Steam Locomotives and Tenders 230.66 Design, construction, and maintenance. The steam locomotive owner and operator are responsible for the general design, construction and maintenance of the steam locomotives...

  3. 49 CFR 230.66 - Design, construction, and maintenance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION STEAM LOCOMOTIVE INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARDS Steam Locomotives and Tenders 230.66 Design, construction, and maintenance. The steam locomotive owner and operator are responsible for the general design, construction and maintenance of the steam locomotives...

  4. The Many Features of Stanford's Housing Maintenance Software.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Milshtein, Amy

    1999-01-01

    Explains how Stanford University custom designed its own building maintenance and administration software package: the Housing Operations Maintenance Enterprise Resource (HOMER). Describes how HOMER relieved facility maintenance staff from some archaic systems, and its development and functionality. (GR)

  5. Put Preventive Maintenance to Work for You.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howard, David R.; Mears, Joe N.

    1979-01-01

    The preventive maintenance program adopted in Oakland, California, is proving to be a great success in maintaining a favorable environment while protecting the physical plant and extending its useful life at the least overall cost. (Author/MLF)

  6. EMMA: The expert system for munition maintenance

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mullins, Barry E.

    1988-01-01

    Expert Missile Maintenance Aid (EMMA) is a first attempt to enhance maintenance of the tactical munition at the field and depot level by using artificial intelligence (AI) techniques. The ultimate goal of EMMA is to help a novice maintenance technician isolate and diagnose electronic, electromechanical, and mechanical equipment faults to the board/chassis level more quickly and consistently than the best human expert using the best currently available automatic test equipment (ATE). To this end, EMMA augments existing ATE with an expert system that captures the knowledge of design and maintenance experts. The EMMA program is described, including the evaluation of field-level expert system prototypes, the description of several study tasks performed during EMMA, and future plans for a follow-on program. This paper will briefly address several study tasks performed during EMMA. The paper concludes with a discussion of future plans for a follow-on program and other areas of concern.

  7. Maintenance implementation plan for fuel supply shutdown

    SciTech Connect

    Stephenson, R.L.

    1995-06-01

    This Maintenance Implementation Plan is written to satisfy the requirements of DOE Order 4330.4B, ``MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM``, that specifies the general policy and objectives for the establishment of DOE controlled maintenance programs. These Programs provide for the management and performance of cost-effective maintenance and repair of Department of Energy (DOE) property, which includes facilities. A review of DOE Order 4330.4B, particularly Chapter II the nuclear portion, against existing WHC site programs and policies has provided assurance that most requirements of this order have already been implemented by existing WHC programs. Applicable requirements and guidelines of 4330.4B that are deficient or not implemented are presently being developed and implemented through WHC site policies and programs. Where no program is presently identified or being developed for 4330.4B requirements, responsibility for implementation has been assigned within this plan.

  8. Maintenance evaluation for space station liquid systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Flugel, Charles

    1987-01-01

    Many of the thermal and environmental control life support subsystems as well as other subsystems of the space station utilize various liquids and contain components which are either expendables or are life-limited in some way. Since the space station has a 20-year minimum orbital lifetime requirement, there will also be random failures occurring within the various liquid-containing subsystems. These factors as well as the planned space station build-up sequence require that maintenance concepts be developed prior to the design phase. This applies to the equipment which needs maintenance as well as the equipment which may be required at a maintenance work station within the space station. This paper presents several maintenance concepts for liquid-containing items and a flight experiment program which would allow for evaluation and improvement of these concepts so they can be incorporated in the space station designs at the outset of its design phase.

  9. Preventive Maintenance in Oakland--An Update.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howard, David R.; Mears, Joe N.

    1981-01-01

    The preventive maintenance program for Oakland (California) public schools has full-time traveling teams of carpenters, painters, and a plumber, augmented by electricians and glaziers. Scheduled visits are made to every site twice a year. (Author/MLF)

  10. Maintenance = reuse-oriented software development

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Basili, Victor R.

    1989-01-01

    Maintenance is viewed as a reuse process. In this context, a set of models that can be used to support the maintenance process is discussed. A high level reuse framework is presented that characterizes the object of reuse, the process for adapting that object for its target application, and the reused object within its target application. Based upon this framework, a qualitative comparison is offered of the three maintenance process models with regard to their strengths and weaknesses and the circumstances in which they are appropriate. To provide a more systematic, quantitative approach for evaluating the appropriateness of the particular maintenance model, a measurement scheme is provided, based upon the reuse framework, in the form of an organized set of questions that need to be answered. To support the reuse perspective, a set of reuse enablers are discussed.

  11. Aircraft Electronics Maintenance Training Simulator. Curriculum Outlines.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blackhawk Technical Coll., Janesville, WI.

    Instructional materials are provided for nine courses in an aircraft electronics maintenance training program. Courses are as follows: aviation basic electricity, direct current and alternating current electronics, basic avionic installations, analog electronics, digital electronics, microcomputer electronics, radio communications, aircraft…

  12. 46 CFR 185.702 - Maintenance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    .... (a) The manufacturer's instructions for onboard maintenance of survival craft, rescue boats, and launching appliances, manufactured on or after March 11, 1996, must be onboard a vessel of more than...

  13. 46 CFR 122.702 - Maintenance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... for onboard maintenance of survival craft, rescue boats, and launching appliances, manufactured on or after March 11, 1996, must be onboard a vessel of more than 19.8 meters (65 feet) in length and...

  14. 46 CFR 122.702 - Maintenance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... for onboard maintenance of survival craft, rescue boats, and launching appliances, manufactured on or after March 11, 1996, must be onboard a vessel of more than 19.8 meters (65 feet) in length and...

  15. 46 CFR 185.702 - Maintenance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    .... (a) The manufacturer's instructions for onboard maintenance of survival craft, rescue boats, and launching appliances, manufactured on or after March 11, 1996, must be onboard a vessel of more than...

  16. 46 CFR 185.702 - Maintenance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    .... (a) The manufacturer's instructions for onboard maintenance of survival craft, rescue boats, and launching appliances, manufactured on or after March 11, 1996, must be onboard a vessel of more than...

  17. 46 CFR 122.702 - Maintenance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... for onboard maintenance of survival craft, rescue boats, and launching appliances, manufactured on or after March 11, 1996, must be onboard a vessel of more than 19.8 meters (65 feet) in length and...

  18. 46 CFR 185.702 - Maintenance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    .... (a) The manufacturer's instructions for onboard maintenance of survival craft, rescue boats, and launching appliances, manufactured on or after March 11, 1996, must be onboard a vessel of more than...

  19. 46 CFR 185.702 - Maintenance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    .... (a) The manufacturer's instructions for onboard maintenance of survival craft, rescue boats, and launching appliances, manufactured on or after March 11, 1996, must be onboard a vessel of more than...

  20. 46 CFR 122.702 - Maintenance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... for onboard maintenance of survival craft, rescue boats, and launching appliances, manufactured on or after March 11, 1996, must be onboard a vessel of more than 19.8 meters (65 feet) in length and...