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1

Muscle Strength and BMI as Predictors of Major Mobility Disability in the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders Pilot (LIFE-P)  

PubMed Central

Background. Muscle weakness and obesity are two significant threats to mobility facing the increasing number of older adults. To date, there are no studies that have examined the association of strength and body mass index (BMI) on event rates on a widely used performance measure of major mobility disability. Methods. This study was a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial in which sedentary functionally limited participants (70–89 years, Short Physical Performance Battery ? 9) who were able to complete a 400-m walk test at baseline were randomized to a physical activity or health education intervention and reassessed for major mobility disability every 6 months for up to 18 months. We evaluated whether baseline grip strength and BMI predicted failure to complete the 400-m walk test in 15 minutes or less (major mobility disability). Results. Among N = 406 participants with baseline measures, lower grip strength was associated with an increased risk for developing major mobility disability, with and without covariate adjustment (p < .01): The hazard ratio (95% confidence interval) for the lowest versus high sex-specific quartile of grip strength was 6.11 (2.24–16.66). We observed a U-shaped relationship between baseline BMI and the risk of developing major mobility disability, such that the risk for participants with a BMI of 25–29 kg/m2 was approximately half that of participants with BMI less than 25 or 30 kg/m2 or more (p = .04 in fully adjusted analyses). Conclusions. Our data highlight the importance of muscle weakness, low BMI, and obesity as risk factors for major mobility disability in older adults. Being overweight may be protective for major mobility disability. PMID:21975090

Rejeski, W. Jack; Espeland, Mark A.; Miller, Michael E.; Church, Timothy S.; Fielding, Roger A.; Gill, Thomas M.; Guralnik, Jack M.; Newman, Anne B.; Pahor, Marco

2011-01-01

2

Mobilizing the Moral Majority.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Moral Majority has been more successful in mobilizing conservative Christians than three other evangelical groups--Third Century Publishers, Christian Voice, and the Religious Roundtable. According to the literature on social movements, four possible explanations for the success of such groups are that they have access to financial resources,…

Liebman, Robert C.

3

Job Mobility among Workers with Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data from the 1990 Survey of Income and Program Participation, this paper examines both the mobility patterns of workers with disabilities and the wage effects of job changes by observing workers' within-firm and across-firm job changes over a 20-month period. There is no difference in the probability of internal (within-firm) job changes between workers with and without disabilities. Workers

Marjorie L. Baldwin; Edward J. Schumacher

2002-01-01

4

MOBILITY, DISABILITY, AND SOCIAL ENGAGEMENT IN OLDER ADULTS  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine cross-sectional associations between mobility with or without disability and social engagement in a community-based sample of older adults Methods Social engagement of participants (n=676) was outside the home (participation in organizations and use of senior centers) and in home (talking by phone and use of internet). Logistic or proportional odds models evaluated the association between social engagement and position in the disablement process (no mobility limitations, mobility limitations/no disability, and mobility limitations/disability). Results Low mobility was associated with lower level of social engagement of all forms (OR=0.59, CI: 0.41–0.85 for organizations; OR=0.67, CI: 0.42–1.06 for senior center; OR=0.47, CI: 0.32–0.70 for phone; OR=0.38, CI: 0.23–0.65 for internet). For social engagement outside the home, odds of engagement were further reduced for individuals with disability. Discussion Low mobility is associated with low social engagement even in the absence of disability; associations with disability differed by type of social engagement. PMID:23548944

Rosso, Andrea L.; Taylor, Jennifer A.; Tabb, Loni Philip; Michael, Yvonne L.

2013-01-01

5

Designing a Mobile Survey Application for People with Cognitive Disabilities  

E-print Network

to individualize the questionnaire to meet the strengths of the employee and assess the unique attributes by a personal assistant, employer, job coach, or person with a cognitive disability. An expert review provided to develop a mobile questionnaire application for people with moderate to severe cognitive disabilities

McCrickard, Scott

6

Disability and cross-border mobility: comparing resettlement experiences of Cambodian and Somali refugees with disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores disabled people’s access to cross-border mobility within the context of refugee resettlement. The research presented in this paper stems from an ethnographic study involving in-depth interviews, focus groups and participant observations with 15 disabled Somali and Cambodian refugees resettled in the United States. The study combined ethnographic data with information obtained from key experts and interpretive analysis

Mansha Mirza

2011-01-01

7

A mobility skills training program for adults with developmental disabilities.  

PubMed

Twenty-nine adults with developmental disabilities were trained by an occupational therapist to use city buses for leisure outings to local shopping malls. Program evaluation was based on the number of times each program participant used his or her mobility skills to make an independent leisure outing. These data were collected for 1 year after each person left the program and were analyzed with the use of multiple regression procedures. The results revealed that the participants maintained their mobility skills for 1 year. Older women who shared common leisure interests as well as persons who were afforded more intensive individualized training were especially likely to use the city bus for leisure outings after the treatment program ended. This study demonstrates the long-term effectiveness of occupational therapy when specific treatment goals are matched with individualized training sequences for persons with developmental disabilities. PMID:1532690

McInerney, C A; McInerney, M

1992-03-01

8

Mobile Health: The Potential of Mobile Telephony to Bring Health Care to the Majority  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the current and emerging trends in mobile health, with particular emphasis on lessons learned and on potential opportunities for Latin America to apply mobile services to health care efforts to benefit the majority of people.

Antonio Giuffrida; Shireen El-Wahab; Rafael Anta

2009-01-01

9

Perceived neighborhood safety and incident mobility disability among elders: the hazards of poverty  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: We investigated whether lack of perceived neighborhood safety due to crime, or living in high crime neighborhoods was associated with incident mobility disability in elderly populations. We hypothesized that low-income elders and elders at retirement age (65 – 74) would be at greatest risk of mobility disability onset in the face of perceived or measured crime-related safety hazards. METHODS:

Cheryl R Clark; Ichiro Kawachi; Louise Ryan; Karen Ertel; Martha E Fay; Lisa F Berkman

2009-01-01

10

Relationship between Mobility Limitations and the Places where Older Adults with Intellectual Disabilities Live  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the population ages, mobility limitations are associated with increased mortality and negative health-related states both in the general population and among people with intellectual disabilities. The influence of mobility limitations upon the lives and lifestyles of people with intellectual disabilities remains poorly understood. Specifically,…

Cleaver, Shaun; Ouellette-Kuntz, Helene; Hunter, Duncan

2008-01-01

11

Effects of Contact With Individuals With Disabilities: Positive Attitudes and Majoring in Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attitudes toward and contact with individuals with disabilities have been topics of research for years. The major purpose of the present study was to determine the effects of contact with individuals with disabilities on attitudes and choosing to major in education. Participants were 211 undergraduate students who completed a survey of attitudes and contact with individuals with physical, developmental, and

Jason J. Barr; Kristi Bracchitta

2008-01-01

12

The Prevalence of Intellectual Disability in a Major UK Prison  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over-representation of people with learning disability in prisons has been demonstrated in many Western jurisdictions. This was the first comprehensive research in a UK prison. The research used a random 10% sample of a prison population (n = 140). A semi-structured interview, the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-III (UK version) and the Vineland…

Hayes, Susan; Shackell, Phil; Mottram, Pat; Lancaster, Rachel

2007-01-01

13

Strength and Speed Training for Elders With Mobility Disability  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to pilot test a function-focused exercise intervention consisting of strength and gait-speed training in elders with reduced walking speed, decreased walking endurance, and functional impairment. Twelve participants, 77.2 years old (± 7.34), whose usual gait speed was <0.85 m/s, with walking endurance of <305 m in 5 min, and who were functionally impaired participated in a moderate-intensity exercise intervention. The training occurred 3 times per week, 75 min per session, for 3 months and combined 4 weeks of gait-speed training, walking exercise, and functional strengthening. The participants demonstrated mean usual gait speeds (?1.0 m/s), endurance (?350 m), and functional ability (?10 score on performance battery) that were within normal limits after 12 weeks of training. Fastest gait speed (?1.5 m/s) and muscle strength also improved significantly. Improvements were maintained during follow-up testing after 3–6 months. In summary, a 12-week intervention for frail, mobility-disabled participants led to improvements in walking, function, and strength. PMID:19799099

Protas, Elizabeth J.; Tissier, Sandrine

2010-01-01

14

Accessibility of Health Clubs for People with Mobility Disabilities and Visual Impairments  

PubMed Central

Objective. We sought to examine the accessibility of health clubs to persons with mobility disabilities and visual impairments. Methods. We assessed 35 health clubs and fitness facilities as part of a national field trial of a new instrument, Accessibility Instruments Measuring Fitness and Recreation Environments (AIMFREE), designed to assess accessibility of fitness facilities in the following domains: (1) built environment, (2) equipment, (3) swimming pools, (4) information, (5) facility policies, and (6) professional behavior. Results. All facilities had a low to moderate level of accessibility. Some of the deficiencies concerned specific Americans with Disabilities Act guidelines pertaining to the built environment, whereas other deficiency areas were related to aspects of the facilities’ equipment, information, policies, and professional staff. Conclusions. Persons with mobility disabilities and visual impairments have difficulty accessing various areas of fitness facilities and health clubs. AIMFREE is an important tool for increasing awareness of these accessibility barriers for people with disabilities. PMID:16254234

Rimmer, James H.; Riley, Barth; Wang, Edward; Rauworth, Amy

2005-01-01

15

Psoriasis causes as much disability as other major medical diseases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Little is known about how the health-related quality of life (HRQL) associated with psoriasis compares with that of other patient populations. Objective: We describe HRQL associated with psoriasis and compare it with HRQL of patients with other major chronic health conditions. A second aim is to identify which specific aspects of psoriasis contribute most to HRQL. Methods: A total

Stephen R. Rapp; Steven R. Feldman; M. Lyn Exum; Alan B. Fleischer; David M. Reboussin

1999-01-01

16

Developmental Disabilities: A Summary of Major Classifications and Glossary of Terms. Parent Awareness Program, 1982-1983. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for use in adult education courses for parents of developmentally disabled children, this manual provides basic information about major categories of disabilities and a glossary of commonly encountered terms. After an introductory overview, the manual provides information about the characteristics and etiology of five disabling

Knudstrup, Katherine; And Others

17

Proposition of a communication system used in mobility by users with physical disabilities, focus on  

E-print Network

on cerebral palsy with athetoid problems Yohan Guerrier, Christophe Kolski Univ Lille Nord de France, F-59000 system of communication for people with cerebral palsy (CP) with athetoid problems. These people have; mobility; Disabled user; Cerebral palsy (CP); Slurred speech; Communication support I. INTRODUCTION

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

18

Outdoor Built Environment Barriers and Facilitators to Activity among Midlife and Older Adults with Mobility Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To gain better understanding of how the built environment impacts neighborhood-based physical activity among midlife and older adults with mobility disabilities. Design and methods: We conducted in-depth interviews with 35 adults over age 50, which used an assistive device and lived in King County, Washington, U.S. In addition,…

Rosenberg, Dori E.; Huang, Deborah L.; Simonovich, Shannon D.; Belza, Basia

2013-01-01

19

J Epidemiol Community Health . Author manuscript Work disability following major organisational change: the Whitehall II  

E-print Network

of Occupational Health , Helsinki,FR Department of Epidemiology and Public Health2 University College of London.% ­ These findings were robust to additional adjustment for physical and mental health, and health behavioursJ Epidemiol Community Health . Author manuscript Page /1 6 Work disability following major

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

20

Psychosocial Disability During the Long-term Course of Unipolar Major Depressive Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The goal of this study was to investigate psychosocial disability in relation to depressive symp- tom severity during the long-term course of unipolar ma- jor depressive disorder (MDD). Methods: Monthly ratings of impairment in major life functions and social relationships were obtained during an average of 10 years' systematic follow-up of 371 pa- tients with unipolar MDD in the

Lewis L. Judd; Hagop S. Akiskal; Pamela J. Zeller; Martin Paulus; Andrew C. Leon; Jack D. Maser; Jean Endicott; William Coryell; Jelena L. Kunovac; Timothy I. Mueller; John P. Rice; Martin B. Keller

2000-01-01

21

Food Access Patterns and Barriers among Midlife and Older Adults with Mobility Disabilities.  

PubMed

We examined where midlife and older adults with a mobility disability accessed food outside the home in King County, Washington, USA, how they travelled to these food destinations, and facilitators and barriers to food access using qualitative interviews. Thirty-five adults aged ?50 years with a mobility disability (defined as use of an assistive device for mobility) were interviewed. Supplemental objective information was obtained from a Global Positioning System device worn by participants for 3 days. Participants primarily accessed food at grocery stores, restaurants, and coffee shops/cafés. The most common transportation modes were walking, obtaining a ride from friends, motorized chair/scooter, and public transit. Location and proximity of food destinations were factors affecting participants' ability to access these destinations. Adequate space, ease of entry, available amenities such as restrooms, and helpful people were facilitators for participants to access food outside the home. PMID:23056944

Huang, Deborah L; Rosenberg, Dori E; Simonovich, Shannon D; Belza, Basia

2012-01-01

22

Balance training to maintain mobility and prevent disability.  

PubMed

Balance is important for the safe performance of many activities that allow older people to remain independent in their community. Housework, cooking, shopping, and travel generally require the ability to stand, reach, turn, and bend down and pick up objects from the floor. Multiple interacting factors are implicated in the deterioration of balance. Several strategies have been tested to improve balance and reduce falls. Home-based individualized training that attempted to improve identified deficits reduced falls and improved physical performance and stabilized or reduced disability. Home-based exercise programs that included low-intensity strength and balance training have improved balance and reduced fall rates by about 40% compared to controls. Class-based exercise programs in senior centers or exercise centers have improved balance and physical performance, and some have reduced falls. Programs such as tai chi and social dance look promising and should be further investigated. PMID:14552939

Judge, James Oat

2003-10-01

23

Universal accessibility of "accessible" fitness and recreational facilities for persons with mobility disabilities.  

PubMed

This study descriptively measured the universal accessibility of "accessible" fitness and recreational facilities for Ontarians living with mobility disabilities. The physical and social environments of 44 fitness and recreational facilities that identified as "accessible" were assessed using a modified version of the AIMFREE. None of the 44 facilities were completely accessible. Mean accessibility ratings ranged between 31 and 63 out of a possible 100. Overall, recreational facilities had higher accessibility scores than fitness centers, with significant differences found on professional support and training, entrance areas, and parking lot. A modest correlation was found between the availability of fitness programming and the overall accessibility of fitness-center specific facility areas. Overall, the physical and social environments of the 44 fitness and recreational facilities assessed were limited in their accessibility for persons with mobility disabilities. Future efforts should be directed at establishing and meeting universal accessibility guidelines for Canadian physical activity facilities. PMID:21282844

Arbour-Nicitopoulos, Kelly P; Ginis, Kathleen A Martin

2011-01-01

24

Gender differences in mobility disability during young, middle and older age in West African adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence and the contribution of socio-demographic factors and chronic diseases to mobility disability in West African countries. Data were obtained from the World Health Survey (2002–2003) in which adults?18 years participated, from Burkina Faso (n=4822), Mali (n=4230) and Senegal (n=3197). Participants reporting mild, moderate, severe, extreme difficulty or inability to move

Malgorzata Miszkurka; Maria Victoria Zunzunegui; Étienne V. Langlois; Ellen E. Freeman; Seni Kouanda; Slim Haddad

2011-01-01

25

Gender differences in mobility disability during young, middle and older age in West African adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence and the contribution of socio-demographic factors and chronic diseases to mobility disability in West African countries. Data were obtained from the World Health Survey (2002–2003) in which adults?18 years participated, from Burkina Faso (n=4822), Mali (n=4230) and Senegal (n=3197). Participants reporting mild, moderate, severe, extreme difficulty or inability to move

Malgorzata Miszkurka; Maria Victoria Zunzunegui; Étienne V. Langlois; Ellen E. Freeman; Seni Kouanda; Slim Haddad

2012-01-01

26

The Impact of Major Events on the Lives of Family Caregivers of Children with Disabilities  

E-print Network

broken down by gender are available for a normative sample of children as well as for a group referred for mental health services. In terms of total problems, the males in this study had an average total problem score of 76.0 and the females had...Families in Society: The Journal of Contemporary Human Services Copyright 1996 Families International, Inc. The Impact of Major Events on the Lives of Family Caregivers of Children with Disabilities Thomas P. McDonald, Graciela Couchonnal...

McDonald, Thomas P.; Couchonnal, Graciela; Early, Theresa

1996-01-01

27

Exploring Mobility Options for Children with Physical Disabilities: A Focus on Powered Mobility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study by Tefft et al. (2011, in this issue) is one of the few studies that have explored the impact of pediatric powered mobility on families. The parents who participated in their study reported increased satisfaction with their children's social and play skills, ability to move independently, sleeping patterns, and public perception of their…

Wiart, Lesley

2011-01-01

28

The Effects of Obesity and Mobility Disability in Access to Breast and Cervical Cancer Screening in France: Results from the National Health and Disability Survey  

PubMed Central

Objectives We aimed to disentangle the effects of obesity and mobility limitation on cervical and breast cancer screening among community dwelling women. Methods The data source was the French national Health and Disability Survey - Household Section, 2008. The Body Mass Index (BMI) was used to categorize obesity status. We constructed a continuous score of mobility limitations to assess the severity of disability (Cronbach's alpha?=?0.84). Logistic regressions were performed to examine the association between obesity, mobility limitations and the use of Pap test (n?=?8 133) and the use of mammography (n?=?7 561). Adjusted odds ratios were calculated (AOR). Interaction terms between obesity and the disability score were included in models testing for effect modifications. Results Compared with non-obese women, the odds of having a Pap test in the past 3 years was 24% lower in obese women (AOR?=?0.76; 95% CI: 0.65 to 0.89), the odds of having a mammogram in the past 2 years was 23% lower (AOR?=?0.77; 95% CI: 0.66 to 0.91). Each time the disability score was 5 points higher, the odds of having a Pap test decreases by 20% (AOR?=?0.96; 95% CI: 0.94 to 0.98), the odds of having a mammogram decreases by 25% (AOR?=?0.95; 95% CI: 0.94 to 0.97). There was no significant interaction between obesity and disability score. Conclusion Obesity and mobility limitation are independently associated with a lower likelihood of cervical and breast cancer screening. Protective outreach and follow-up are necessary to reduce inequalities and thus to reduce health disparities in these vulnerable and high-risk populations of obese women with disabilities. PMID:25133662

Bussiere, Clemence; Sicsic, Jonathan; Pelletier-Fleury, Nathalie

2014-01-01

29

Outdoor Built Environment Barriers and Facilitators to Activity among Midlife and Older Adults with Mobility Disabilities  

PubMed Central

Purpose: To gain better understanding of how the built environment impacts neighborhood-based physical activity among midlife and older adults with mobility disabilities. Design and methods: We conducted in-depth interviews with 35 adults over age 50, which used an assistive device and lived in King County, Washington, U.S. In addition, participants wore Global Positioning Systems (GPS) devices for 3 days prior to the interview. The GPS maps were used as prompts during the interviews. Open coding of the 35 interviews using latent content analysis resulted in key themes and subthemes that achieved consensus between coders. Two investigators independently coded the text of each interview. Results: Participants were on average of 67 years of age (range: 50–86) and predominantly used canes (57%), walkers (57%), or wheelchairs (46%). Key themes pertained to curb ramp availability and condition, sidewalk availability and condition, hills, aesthetics, lighting, ramp availability, weather, presence and features of crosswalks, availability of resting places and shelter on streets, paved or smooth walking paths, safety, and traffic on roads. Implications: A variety of built environment barriers and facilitators to neighborhood-based activity exist for midlife and older adults with mobility disabilities. Preparing our neighborhood environments for an aging population that uses assistive devices will be important to foster independence and health. PMID:23010096

Rosenberg, Dori E.

2013-01-01

30

Effect of a multifactorial interdisciplinary intervention on mobility-related disability in frail older people: randomised controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background Interventions that enhance mobility in frail older people are needed to maintain health and independence, yet definitive evidence of effective interventions is lacking. Our objective was to assess the impact of a multifactorial intervention on mobility-related disability in frail older people. Methods We conducted a randomised, controlled trial with 241 frail community-dwelling older people in Sydney, Australia. Participants were classified as frail using the Cardiovascular Health Study definition, did not have severe cognitive impairment and were recently discharged from an aged care and rehabilitation service. The experimental group received a 12 month multifactorial, interdisciplinary intervention targeting identified frailty components. Two physiotherapists delivered a home exercise program targeting mobility, and coordinated management of psychological and medical conditions with other health professionals. The control group received usual care. Disability in the mobility domain was measured at baseline and at 3 and 12 months using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health framework. Participation (involvement in life situations) was assessed using the Life Space Assessment and the Goal Attainment Scale. Activity (execution of mobility tasks) was measured using the 4-metre walk and self-report measures. Results The mean age of participants was 83.3 years (SD: 5.9 years). Of the participants recruited, 216 (90%) were followed-up at 12 months. At this time point, the intervention group had significantly better scores than the control group on the Goal Attainment Scale (odds ratio 2.1; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.3 to 3.3, P = 0.004) and Life Space Assessment (4.68 points, 95% CI 1.4 to 9.9, P = 0.005). There was no difference between groups on the global measure of participation or satisfaction with ability to get out of the house. At the activity level, the intervention group walked 0.05 m/s faster over 4 m (95% CI 0.0004 to 0.1, P = 0.048) than the control group, and scored higher on the Activity Measure for Post Acute Care (P < 0.001). Conclusions The intervention reduced mobility-related disability in frail older people. The benefit was evident at both the participation and activity levels of mobility-related disability. Trial registration Australia and New Zealand Clinical Trials Register (ANZCTR): ANZCTRN12608000507381. PMID:23067364

2012-01-01

31

Use of accelerometry to measure physical activity in older adults at risk for mobility disability  

PubMed Central

We explored using the ActiGraph accelerometer to differentiate activity levels between participants in a physical activity (PA, n=54) or `successful aging' (SA) program (n = 52). The relationship between a PA questionnaire for older adults (CHAMPS) and accelerometry variables was also determined. Individualized accelerometry count thresholds (THRESHIND) measured during a 400-m walk were used to identify “meaningful activity.” Participants then wore the ActiGraph for 7 days. Results indicated more activity bouts·d?1 ? 10 min above THRESHIND in the PA group compared to SA group (1.1 ± 2.0 vs 0.5 ± 0.8, p = 0.05) and more activity counts·d?1 above THRESHIND for the PA group (28,101 ± 27,521) compared to the SA group (17,234 ± 15,620, p = 0.02). Correlations between activity counts·hr?1 and CHAMPS ranged from 0.27 – 0.42, p<0.01. The ActiGraph and THRESHIND may be useful for differentiating PA levels in older adults at risk for mobility disability. PMID:19033603

Pruitt, Leslie A.; Glynn, Nancy W.; King, Abby C.; Guralnik, Jack M.; Aiken, Erin K.; Miller, Gary; Haskell, William L.

2010-01-01

32

Implementing Applied Behavior Analysis for Effective Orientation and Mobility Instruction of Students with Multiple Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Working with children who have multiple disabilities that include visual impairments can be especially challenging. Many disabling conditions manifest into behavioral difficulties that may take away from learning. Acting out may be a student's way of expressing a lack of healthy coping mechanisms in relation to his or her environment. Implementing…

O'Mea, Melanie L.

2013-01-01

33

Motorcycles for the Disabled: Mobility, Modernity and the Transformation of Experience in Urban China  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes changes in people's attitudes toward and experiences of disability in contemporary China. In particular, it examines how, as a result of shifting gender structures and modernist modes of production, urban men who struggle to walk have adopted cycle technolgies, and how this has caused Chinese society increasingly to associate these men with disability. The paper further details

Matthew Kohrman

1999-01-01

34

Trial Development of a Mobile Feeding Assistive Robotic Arm for People with Physical Disabilities of the Extremities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A mobile feeding assistive robotic arm for people with physical disabilities of the extremities has been developed in this paper. This system is composed of a robotic arm, microcontroller, and its interface. The main unit of the robotic arm can be contained in a laptop computer's briefcase. Its weight is 5kg, including two 12-V lead acid rechargeable batteries. This robotic arm can be also mounted on a wheelchair. To verify performance of the mobile robotic arm system, drinking tea task was experimentally performed by two able-bodied subjects as well as three persons suffering from muscular dystrophy. From the experimental results, it was clear that they could smoothly carry out the drinking task, and that the robotic arm could firmly grasp a commercially available 500-ml plastic bottle. The eating task was also performed by the two able-bodied subjects. The experimental results showed that they could eat porridge by using a spoon without any difficulty.

Uehara, Hideyuki; Higa, Hiroki; Soken, Takashi; Namihira, Yoshinori

35

An Empirical Assessment of a Home-Based Exercise Treatment Package for People with Severe Mobility-Related Disabilities Using a Changing Criterion Design: Two Studies  

E-print Network

to be confirmed for individuals with various mobility- related disabilities, including multiple sclerosis (Romberg, Virtanan, & Ruutiainen, 2005), osteoarthritis (Farrar & Mitchell, 2009), rheumatoid arthritis (Mats et al., 2009), and spinal cord injury (Stevens..., culture, age, and the nature of the disability. For example, a 20-year-old person with spinal cord injury (SCI) might choose to engage in strenuous competitive sports, such as wheelchair tennis, while a middle-aged person with SCI might prefer a sport...

Nary, Dorothy E.

2010-12-13

36

Mobile Architectures and Prototypes to Assist Persons with Cognitive Disabilities using Public Transportation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public transportation systems are among the most ubiquitous and complex large-scale systems found in modern society. For those unable to drive, such as persons with cognitive disabilities or the elderly, these systems are essential gateways for participation in community activities, socialization, and independence. To understand the problems faced by public transportation users, our research team has (1) focused on systemic

James F. Sullivan; Gerhard Fischer

2003-01-01

37

An Intelligent Wheelchair to enable mobility of severely disabled and elder people  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we develop an Intelligent Wheelchair (IW) system for the severely disabled people. The main function of our system is two-fold: 1) user intention recognition using vision technique and 2) sensor-based obstacle detection and path finding. The proposed system enable a user to control IW using his mouth shape and face movement. Furthermore, to fully guarantee user's safety,

Eunjeong Ko; Jin Sun Ju; Eun Yi Kim; Nam Seo Goo

2009-01-01

38

Boatworks and Cleansweep: Mobile Work Crews for Adults with Developmental Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The monograph describes "Boatworks," a subsidiary of Stepping Stones Growth Center in Oakland, California, which trains developmentally disabled adults to clean and maintain pleasure boats, and "Cleansweep," a janitorial and grounds maintenance training program for the same population. A brief history of the programs is followed by client profiles…

Watson, Marge

39

Students with Disabilities Experience in Higher Education Online Courses: An Exploratory Study of Self-Efficacy, Use of Assistive Technologies and Mobile Media  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The overarching aim of this mixed methods study was to explore the online experiences of students with disabilities, with particular focus on students' use of assistive technologies, mobile media and self-efficacy. Using a multifaceted an integrative approach, this study considered a framework of universal design, Scherer's Matching…

Francis, Chandinie Devi Parasram

2012-01-01

40

Multi-pollutant mobile platform measurements of air pollutants adjacent to a major roadway  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A mobile monitoring platform developed at the University of Washington Center for Clean Air Research (CCAR) measured 10 pollutant metrics (10 s measurements at an average speed of 22 km/h) in two neighborhoods bordering a major interstate in Albuquerque, NM, USA from April 18-24 2012. 5 days of data sharing a common downwind orientation with respect to the roadway were analyzed. The aggregate results show a three-fold increase in black carbon (BC) concentrations within 10 m of the edge of roadway, in addition to elevated nanoparticle concentration and particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter <1 ?m (PN1) concentrations. A 30% reduction in ozone concentration near the roadway was observed, anti-correlated with an increase in the oxides of nitrogen (NOx). In this study, the pollutants measured have been expanded to include polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), particle size distribution (0.25-32 ?m), and ultra-violet absorbing particulate matter (UVPM). The raster sampling scheme combined with spatial and temporal measurement alignment provide a measure of variability in the near roadway concentrations, and allow us to use a principal component analysis to identify multi-pollutant features and analyze their roadway influences.

Riley, Erin A.; Banks, Lyndsey; Fintzi, Jonathan; Gould, Timothy R.; Hartin, Kris; Schaal, LaNae; Davey, Mark; Sheppard, Lianne; Larson, Timothy; Yost, Michael G.; Simpson, Christopher D.

2014-12-01

41

Theory of mind disability in major depression with or without psychotic symptoms: a componential view.  

PubMed

Previous reports have conceptualized theory of mind (ToM) as comprising two components and questioned whether ToM deficits are associated with psychotic symptoms. We investigated 33 nonpsychotic depressed inpatients, 23 psychotic depressed inpatients, and 53 normal controls with the following measures: Eyes Task, Faux pas Task, Verbal Fluency Test (VFT), Digit Span Test (DST) and WAIS-IQ. The depressed patients were also evaluated with the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) and the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS). The nonpsychotic depressed patients and the psychotic depressed individuals were significantly impaired on tasks involving ToM social-perceptual and social-cognitive components, as well as the VFT. The psychotic depressed patients performed significantly worse than nonpsychotic depressed patients on ToM tasks. An association was found between ToM performances and both BPRS total and hostile-suspiciousness scores in the depressed group. Both of the ToM components were impaired in depressed patients. Similar mechanisms and neurobiological substrate may contribute to schizophrenia and major depression. PMID:18926572

Wang, Yong-Guang; Wang, Yi-Qiang; Chen, Shu-Lin; Zhu, Chun-Yan; Wang, Kai

2008-11-30

42

Mobility of major-, minor-and trace elements in solutions of a planosolic soil: distribution and controlling factors  

E-print Network

, during the soil saturation period (i.e. from November to May). Chemical characteristics of soil solutions, pointing out that the hydrodynamic and chemical reactivity in the solution is different for the three sitesMobility of major-, minor- and trace elements in solutions of a planosolic soil: distribution

Boyer, Edmond

43

Major element, trace element, nutrient, and radionuclide mobility in a mining by-product-amended soil.  

PubMed

This study investigates the use of a mineral processing by-product, neutralized used acid (NUA), primarily composed of gypsum and Fe-oxyhydroxide, as a soil amendment. A 1489-d turf farm field trial assessed nutrient, trace element, and radionuclide mobility of a soil amended with ?5% by mass to a depth of 15 cm of NUA. Average PO-P fluxes collected as subsoil leachates were 0.7 and 26.6 kg ha yr for NUA-amended and control sites, respectively, equating to a 97% reduction in PO-P loss after 434 kg P ha was applied. Total nitrogen fluxes in NUA-amended soil leachates were similarly reduced by 82%. Incorporation of NUA conferred major changes in leachate geochemistry with a diverse suite of trace elements depleted within NUA-amended leachates. Gypsum dissolution from NUA resulted in an increase from under- to oversaturation of the soil leachates for a range of Fe- and Ca-minerals including calcite and ferrihydrite, many of which have a well-documented ability to assimilate PO-P and trace elements. Isotopic analysis indicated little Pb addition from NUA. Both Sr and Nd isotope results revealed that NUA and added fertilizer became an important source of Ca to leachate and turf biomass. The NUA-amended soils retained a range of U-Th series radionuclides, with little evidence of transfer to soil leachate or turf biomass. Calculated radioactivity dose rates indicate only a small increment due to NUA amendment. With increased nutrient, trace element, and solute retention, and increased productivity, a range of potential agronomic benefits may be conferred by NUA amendment of soils, in addition to the potential to limit offsite nutrient loss and eutrophication. PMID:23128739

Douglas, G; Adeney, J; Johnston, K; Wendling, L; Coleman, S

2012-01-01

44

Assisting the mobilization through subway networks by users with visual disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

We introduce AudioMetro, application software for blind users that represents a subway system in a desktop computer to assist mobilization and orientation in a subway network. A user can organize and prepare a travel by using the software before riding the subway. Conclusions of the usability study revealed the critical importance of using key interface elements, such as audio-based hierarchy

J H Sánchez; M A Sáenz

2006-01-01

45

Major Domus Redux: Privacy in Mobile Social P2P Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social networks have seen an unprecedented surge of in- terest in the past few years. Traditionally, they are restricted to central server farms which collect huge amounts of pri- vate information from their users. This fails to address two key issues which we expect to shape future social networks: (1) including mobility and location awareness and (2) pri- vacy concerns

Sebastian Kay; Belle Marcel

2008-01-01

46

IBM recently unveiled MobileFirst, a major initiative to develop mobile-related technologies and products that include security, analytics, mobile app development, and cloud-based backend services. MobileFirst  

E-print Network

and products that include security, analytics, mobile app development, and cloud-based backend services. Mobile candidates will have experience performing world-class research on mobile apps or backends, but we are happy includes both the core MBaaS design, as well as services tailored for mobile apps, e.g., location, identity

Plotkin, Joshua B.

47

Rationale and design of a randomized controlled, clinical trial investigating a comprehensive exercise stimulus for improving mobility disability outcomes in persons with multiple sclerosis.  

PubMed

This randomized controlled trial (RCT) examines the effect of a comprehensive exercise training stimulus on physiological function and mobility disability (i.e., problems walking) in individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS) who have walking impairment. This trial will recruit 30 persons with MS across central Illinois who have an Expanded Disability Status Scale score between 4.0 and 6.0, and those persons will be randomized into either the intervention or control arm of the study; the participants will not be blinded regarding group assignment. The intervention will incorporate equal amounts of aerobic, resistance, and balance modes of training delivered 3 times/week with a gradual progression of duration and intensity across a 6-month period. The control will involve stretching along with minimal muscle strengthening stimuli and will be delivered on the same frequency and duration. The primary outcomes will be clinical, kinematic, patient-rated, and physiological measures of mobility disability. The secondary outcomes will be measures of physiological function including aerobic capacity, muscle strength, and balance. This study will lay the foundation for the design of a subsequent Phase II or Phase III RCT by (a) providing effect sizes that can be included in a power analysis for sample size estimation and (b) investigating whether aerobic capacity, muscle strength, and balance are possible factors associated with the beneficial effect of exercise training on walking outcomes. Taken as a whole, the proposed study and our subsequent research agenda has the potential for advancing the management of mobility disability using exercise training in the 2nd stage of MS. PMID:23542419

Motl, Robert W; Pilutti, Lara A; Sandroff, Brian M; Klaren, Rachel; Balantrapu, Swathi; McAuley, Edward; Sosnoff, Jacob J; Fernhall, Bo

2013-05-01

48

14 CFR 382.121 - What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring into the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers... Stowage of Wheelchairs, Other Mobility Aids, and Other Assistive Devices § 382.121 What mobility aids and other assistive devices may...

2010-01-01

49

14 CFR 382.121 - What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring into the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 false What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers... Stowage of Wheelchairs, Other Mobility Aids, and Other Assistive Devices § 382.121 What mobility aids and other assistive devices may...

2013-01-01

50

14 CFR 382.121 - What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring into the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-01-01 false What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers... Stowage of Wheelchairs, Other Mobility Aids, and Other Assistive Devices § 382.121 What mobility aids and other assistive devices may...

2012-01-01

51

14 CFR 382.121 - What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring into the...  

... 2014-01-01 false What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers... Stowage of Wheelchairs, Other Mobility Aids, and Other Assistive Devices § 382.121 What mobility aids and other assistive devices may...

2014-01-01

52

14 CFR 382.121 - What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring into the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-01-01 false What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers... Stowage of Wheelchairs, Other Mobility Aids, and Other Assistive Devices § 382.121 What mobility aids and other assistive devices may...

2011-01-01

53

Mobility and fluxes of major, minor and trace metals during basalt weathering and groundwater transport at Mt. Etna volcano (Sicily)  

SciTech Connect

The concentrations and fluxes of major, minor and trace metals were determined in 53 samples of groundwaters from around Mt. Etna, in order to evaluate the conditions and extent of alkali basalt weathering by waters enriched in magma-derived CO{sub 2} and the contribution of aqueous transport to the overall metal discharge of the volcano. The authors show that gaseous input of magmatic volatile metals into the Etnean aquifer is small or negligible, being limited by cooling of the rising fluids. Basalt leaching by weakly acidic, CO{sub 2}-charged water is the overwhelming source of metals and appears to be more extensive in two sectors of the S-SW (Paterno) and E (Zafferana) volcano flanks, where out flowing groundwaters are the richest in metals and bicarbonate of magmatic origin. Thermodynamic modeling of the results allows evaluation of the relative mobility and chemical speciation of various elements during their partitioning between solid and liquid phases through the weathering process. At Mt. Etna, poorly mobile elements (Al, Th, Fe) are preferentially retained in the solid residue of weathering, while alkalis, alkaline earth and oxo-anion-forming elements (As, Se, Sb, Mo) are more mobile and released to the aqueous system. Transition metals display an intermediate behavior and are strongly dependent on either the redox conditions (Mn, Cr, V) or solid surface-related processes (V, Zn, Cu).

Aiuppa, A.; Allard, P.; D'Alessandro, W.; Michel, A.; Parello, F.; Treuil, M.; Valenza, M.

2000-06-01

54

Upward Mobility or Following in Parent's Footsteps? Social Class and the Choice of College Major  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although much postsecondary education research has been dedicated to differences across socioeconomic class and the transition to co llege, few scholars have considered the relationship between choice of major and social background once students have matriculated. This oversight may be a reason why le ss advantaged students are more prone to dropout and tend to experience different o ccupational returns

Julie Siebens

55

Scientists at major and minor universities: mobility along the prestige continuum  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the career progress of scientists at ‘major and minor universities’ once they have chosen to participate in the development of an emerging field, posing three fundamental questions: (1) are scientists who are involved in the early stages of a field's development and who persist more likely to graduate from more prestigious universities? (2) In an emerging field,

Koenraad Debackere; Michael A. Rappa

1995-01-01

56

28 CFR 35.137 - Mobility devices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...public entity shall permit individuals with mobility disabilities to use wheelchairs and manually-powered mobility aids, such as walkers, crutches, canes, braces, or other similar devices designed for use by individuals with mobility disabilities, in...

2012-07-01

57

28 CFR 35.137 - Mobility devices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...public entity shall permit individuals with mobility disabilities to use wheelchairs and manually-powered mobility aids, such as walkers, crutches, canes, braces, or other similar devices designed for use by individuals with mobility disabilities, in...

2013-07-01

58

28 CFR 36.311 - Mobility devices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...accommodation shall permit individuals with mobility disabilities to use wheelchairs and manually-powered mobility aids, such as walkers, crutches, canes, braces, or other similar devices designed for use by individuals with mobility disabilities in any...

2013-07-01

59

28 CFR 35.137 - Mobility devices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...public entity shall permit individuals with mobility disabilities to use wheelchairs and manually-powered mobility aids, such as walkers, crutches, canes, braces, or other similar devices designed for use by individuals with mobility disabilities, in...

2011-07-01

60

28 CFR 36.311 - Mobility devices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...accommodation shall permit individuals with mobility disabilities to use wheelchairs and manually-powered mobility aids, such as walkers, crutches, canes, braces, or other similar devices designed for use by individuals with mobility disabilities in any...

2012-07-01

61

28 CFR 36.311 - Mobility devices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...accommodation shall permit individuals with mobility disabilities to use wheelchairs and manually-powered mobility aids, such as walkers, crutches, canes, braces, or other similar devices designed for use by individuals with mobility disabilities in any...

2011-07-01

62

Designing Clinical Trials of Interventions for Mobility Disability: Results from the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders Pilot (LIFE-P) Trial  

PubMed Central

Background Clinical trials to assess interventions for mobility disability are critically needed; however, data for efficiently designing such trials are lacking. Methods Results are described from a pilot clinical trial in which 424 volunteers aged 70–89 years were randomly assigned to one of two interventions -- physical activity or a healthy aging education program -- and followed for a planned minimum of 12 months. We evaluated the longitudinal distributions of four standardized outcomes to contrast how they may serve as primary outcomes of future clinical trials: ability to walk 400 meters, ability to walk 4 meters in ?10 seconds, a physical performance battery, and a questionnaire focused on physical function. Results Changes in all four outcomes were inter-related over time. The ability to walk 400 meters as a dichotomous outcome provided the smallest sample size projections (i.e. appeared to be the most efficient outcome). It loaded most heavily on the underlying latent variable in structural equation modeling with a weight of 80%. A four-year trial based on the outcome of 400 meter walk is projected to require N = 962 to 2,234 to detect an intervention effect of 30% to 20% with 90% power. Conclusions Future clinical trials of interventions designed to influence mobility disability may have greater efficiency if they adopt the ability to complete a 400 meter walk as their primary outcome. PMID:18000143

Espeland, Mark A.; Gill, Thomas M.; Guralnik, Jack; Miller, Michael E.; Fielding, Roger; Newman, Anne B.; Pahor, Marco

2008-01-01

63

Learning Disabilities Disability Services  

E-print Network

Learning Disabilities Disability Services If you have a learning disability or attention deficit disorder--or suspect that you do--we strongly recommend that you contact Office of Disability Services (ODS To be considered for academic accommodations due to a learning disability, you must apply for through the Office

Goldberg, Bennett

64

Mobility and fluxes of major, minor and trace metals during basalt weathering and groundwater transport at Mt. Etna volcano (Sicily)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The concentrations and fluxes of major, minor and trace metals were determined in 53 samples of groundwaters from around Mt Etna, in order to evaluate the conditions and extent of alkali basalt weathering by waters enriched in magma-derived CO 2 and the contribution of aqueous transport to the overall metal discharge of the volcano. We show that gaseous input of magmatic volatile metals into the Etnean aquifer is small or negligible, being limited by cooling of the rising fluids. Basalt leaching by weakly acidic, CO 2-charged water is the overwhelming source of metals and appears to be more extensive in two sectors of the S-SW (Paternò) and E (Zafferana) volcano flanks, where out flowing groundwaters are the richest in metals and bicarbonate of magmatic origin. Thermodynamic modeling of the results allows to evaluate the relative mobility and chemical speciation of various elements during their partitioning between solid and liquid phases through the weathering process. The facts that rock-forming minerals and groundmass dissolve at different rates and secondary minerals are formed are taken into account. At Mt. Etna, poorly mobile elements (Al, Th, Fe) are preferentially retained in the solid residue of weathering, while alkalis, alkaline earth and oxo-anion-forming elements (As, Se, Sb, Mo) are more mobile and released to the aqueous system. Transition metals display an intermediate behavior and are strongly dependent on either the redox conditions (Mn, Cr, V) or solid surface-related processes (V, Zn, Cu). The fluxes of metals discharged by the volcanic aquifer of Etna range from 7.0 × 10 -3 t/a (Th) to 7.3 × 10 4 t/a (Na). They are comparable in magnitude to the summit crater plume emissions for a series of elements (Na, K, Ca, Mg, U, V, Li) with lithophile affinity, but are minor for volatile elements. Basalt weathering at Mt Etna also consumes about 2.1 × 10 5 t/a of magma-derived carbon dioxide, equivalent to ca. 7% of contemporaneous crater plume emissions. The considerable transport of some metals in Etna's aquifer reflects a particularly high chemical erosion rate, evaluated at 2.3?10 5 t/a, enhanced by the initial acidity of magmatic CO 2-rich groundwater.

Aiuppa, Alessandro; Allard, Patrick; D'Alessandro, Walter; Michel, Agnes; Parello, Francesco; Treuil, Michel; Valenza, Mariano

2000-06-01

65

Assistive Communication Device for Cognitive Disability and Spastic Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Communication has been a major problem for children with cognitive disabilities and spastic children. They are unable to effectively communicate their needs to their parents and caretakers. Modern advancements in communication technology, with increased capabilities of mobile phones, provide scope to design assistive technologies for these children. In this paper, we describe the design of a smartphone based communication device

Niranjan Uma Shankar; Varun Sarma Velamuri; Prasanna Venkatesan; Samarth Deo

2011-01-01

66

Ubiquitous Yet Unique: Perspectives of People With Disabilities on Stress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploratory study was grounded in a qualitative framework and used a focus group method to examine the meanings that individuals with disabilities (e.g., permanent mobility impairments, sensory impairments) attach to their experiences of stress, as well as major sources or causes of stress in these individuals' lives. Overall, the data showed…

Iwasaki, Yoshitaka; Mactavish, Jennifer B.

2005-01-01

67

As a condition for the issuance of a disability cart permit for your cart, which you have been approved for to accommodate your mobility transport needs, and for any subsequent renewals or extensions of  

E-print Network

NOT use a mobile phone (talking, texting, or viewing) while driving a cart. 8) Do NOT exceed the posted application. Rules and Regulations: 1) Do NOT drive or park the cart in any arcade or within a Vehicle, pathways, dumpsters, or thoroughfares. DISABILITY CART PERMIT AGREEMENT #12;6) Do NOT drive the cart any

Raymond, Jennifer L.

68

Staging of mobility, transfer and walking functions of elderly persons based on the codes of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health  

PubMed Central

Background The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) was introduced by the World Health Organization as a common taxonomy to describe the burden of health conditions. This study focuses on the development of a scale for staging basic mobility and walking functions based on the ICF. Methods Thirty-three ICF codes were selected to test their fit to the Rasch model and their location. Of these ICF items, four were used to develop a Guttman- type scale of “basic mobility” and another four to develop a“walking” scale to stage functional performance in the elderly. The content validity and differential item functioning of the scales were assessed. The participants, chosen at random, were Japanese over 65 years old using the services of public long-term care insurance, and whose functional assessments were used for scale development and scale validation. Results There were 1164 elderly persons who were eligible for scale development. To stage the functional performance of elderly persons, two Guttman-type scales of “basic mobility” and “walking” were constructed. The order of item difficulty was validated using 3260 elderly persons. There is no differential item functioning about study location, sex and age-group in the newly developed scales. These results suggested the newly developed scales have content validity. Conclusions These scales divided functional performance into five stages according to four ICF codes, making the measurements simple and less time-consuming and enable clear descriptions of elderly functioning level. This was achieved by hierarchically rearranging the ICF items and constructing Guttman-type scales according to item difficulty using the Rasch model. In addition, each functional level might require similar resources and therefore enable standardization of care and rehabilitation. Illustrations facilitate the sharing of patient images among health care providers. By using the ICF as a common taxonomy, these scales could be used internationally as assessment scales in geriatric care settings. However these scales require further validity and reliability studies for international application. PMID:23410234

2013-01-01

69

Disability Social History Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Disability Social History Project preserves, examines, and shares the history and culture of disabled persons. This community project provides opportunities for people with disabilities to conceptualize a group identity, advocate civil rights, and provide resources that educate the public about disabilities. The four major sections include: a timeline--spanning from 3500 BC to the present--that chronicles events in disability history; a people section offering brief biographies of famous disabled people, including, among others, Harriet Tubman, Franklin Roosevelt, and Frida Kahlo; a News & Events area that posts recent news items, a schedule of arts and cultural events, and a list of conferences and calls for papers; and an annotated webliography directing visitors to related sites. In addition, the proceedings of Changing Borders, a recent meeting of women with disabilities, is also available at the site.

70

Mobility of major and trace elements in a coupled groundwater-surface water system: Merced River, CA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trace element transport in coupled surface water\\/groundwater systems is controlled not only by advective flow, but also by redox reactions that affect the partitioning of various elements between mobile and immobile phases. These processes have been examined in the context of a field project conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) as part of the National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) program.

R. A. Wildman; J. L. Domagalski; J. G. Hering

2004-01-01

71

A Secure Operational Model for Mobile Payments  

PubMed Central

Instead of paying by cash, check, or credit cards, customers can now also use their mobile devices to pay for a wide range of services and both digital and physical goods. However, customers' security concerns are a major barrier to the broad adoption and use of mobile payments. In this paper we present the design of a secure operational model for mobile payments in which access control is based on a service-oriented architecture. A customer uses his/her mobile device to get authorization from a remote server and generate a two-dimensional barcode as the payment certificate. This payment certificate has a time limit and can be used once only. The system also provides the ability to remotely lock and disable the mobile payment service. PMID:25386607

2014-01-01

72

A secure operational model for mobile payments.  

PubMed

Instead of paying by cash, check, or credit cards, customers can now also use their mobile devices to pay for a wide range of services and both digital and physical goods. However, customers' security concerns are a major barrier to the broad adoption and use of mobile payments. In this paper we present the design of a secure operational model for mobile payments in which access control is based on a service-oriented architecture. A customer uses his/her mobile device to get authorization from a remote server and generate a two-dimensional barcode as the payment certificate. This payment certificate has a time limit and can be used once only. The system also provides the ability to remotely lock and disable the mobile payment service. PMID:25386607

Chang, Tao-Ku

2014-01-01

73

49 CFR 39.93 - What wheelchairs and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring onto a...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...ADA, you must permit individuals with mobility disabilities to use wheelchairs and manually powered mobility aids, such as walkers, crutches, canes, braces, or other similar devices designed for use by individuals with mobility disabilities in any...

2011-10-01

74

49 CFR 39.93 - What wheelchairs and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring onto a...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...ADA, you must permit individuals with mobility disabilities to use wheelchairs and manually powered mobility aids, such as walkers, crutches, canes, braces, or other similar devices designed for use by individuals with mobility disabilities in any...

2012-10-01

75

49 CFR 39.93 - What wheelchairs and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring onto a...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ADA, you must permit individuals with mobility disabilities to use wheelchairs and manually powered mobility aids, such as walkers, crutches, canes, braces, or other similar devices designed for use by individuals with mobility disabilities in any...

2010-10-01

76

49 CFR 39.93 - What wheelchairs and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring onto a...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ADA, you must permit individuals with mobility disabilities to use wheelchairs and manually powered mobility aids, such as walkers, crutches, canes, braces, or other similar devices designed for use by individuals with mobility disabilities in any...

2013-10-01

77

Residential Proximity to Major Roadway and Cognitive Function in Community-Dwelling Seniors: Results from the MOBILIZE Boston Study  

PubMed Central

Background/Objectives Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution has been associated with decreased cognitive function, but the effects of traffic pollution on the elderly have not been studied in detail. Accordingly, the objective of this study was to evaluate the association between residential distance to major roadway, as a marker of long-term exposure to traffic pollution, and cognitive function in seniors. Design, Setting, Participants A prospective cohort study of 765 community-dwelling seniors with median follow-up of 16.8 months. Measurements We administered the Mini Mental State Exam (MMSE), Hopkins Verbal Learning Test-Revised (HVLT-R), Trail Making Test (TMT), category and letter fluency tests, and clock-in-the-box test (CIB) during home visits on 2 occasions. We calculated the residential distance to nearest major roadway and used generalized estimating equations to evaluate the association between performance on each test and residential distance to major roadway adjusting for participant demographics, education, socioeconomic status and past medical history. Results Decreasing distance to major roadway was associated with statistically significantly poorer performance on the immediate and delayed recall components of the HVLT-R, TMT part B, TMT delta, and the letter and category fluency tests. Generally, participants residing <100 m from a major roadway performed worst. Performance improved monotonically with increasing distance. Conclusions In this cohort of community-dwelling seniors, residential proximity to major roadways was associated with poorer performance on cognitive tests of verbal learning and memory, psychomotor speed, language and executive functioning. If causal, these results add to the growing evidence that living near major roadways is associated with adverse health outcomes. PMID:23126566

Wellenius, Gregory A.; Boyle, Luke D.; Coull, Brent A.; Milberg, William P.; Gryparis, Alexandros; Schwartz, Joel; Mittleman, Murray A.; Lipsitz, Lewis A.

2012-01-01

78

Health screening for people with learning disabilities by a community learning disability nursing service in Northern Ireland.  

PubMed

Over the last 30 years there has been a considerable increase in the life expectancy of people with learning disabilities. This has resulted in changing patterns of morbidity and mortality and an increasing recognition of the health needs of people with learning disabilities. Major strides forward have been made in the reduction of preventable illnesses among the general population. However, among people with learning disabilities such illnesses have received only limited health promotion attention until recently. In the last decade major gaps have been identified in the ability of current primary health services to respond to the needs of people with learning disabilities. The need to respond effectively to this situation has been identified as a priority by the current United Kingdom Government. Following an overview of the literature in relation to the changing health profile of people with learning disabilities and the need for health screening, consideration is given to some of the key difficulties which may be encountered when attempting to utilize current primary health services. The analysis of data derived from the health screening of 373 people with learning disabilities by a community nursing service in Down and Lisburn Health and Social Services Trust reveals the need for further action in relation to cardiovascular status, sensory deficits, mobility and aspects of sexual health. PMID:10354244

Barr, O; Gilgunn, J; Kane, T; Moore, G

1999-06-01

79

Mobility and fluxes of major, minor and trace metals during basalt weathering and groundwater transport at Mt. Etna volcano (Sicily)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concentrations and fluxes of major, minor and trace metals were determined in 53 samples of groundwaters from around Mt Etna, in order to evaluate the conditions and extent of alkali basalt weathering by waters enriched in magma-derived CO2 and the contribution of aqueous transport to the overall metal discharge of the volcano. We show that gaseous input of magmatic

Alessandro Aiuppa; Patrick Allard; Walter D’Alessandro; Agnes Michel; Francesco Parello; Michel Treuil; Mariano Valenza

2000-01-01

80

Mechanical energy analysis identifies compensatory strategies in disabled elders’ gait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current concepts in disablement emphasize the importance of identifying mobility impairments in aging humans to enable timely intervention and, ultimately, prevent disability. Because mobility impairments are likely to result in compensatory movement strategies, recognizing and understanding those strategies may be critical in designing effective interventions for preventing disability. We sought to determine if mechanical energy methods are useful for identifying

Chris A. McGibbon; David E. Krebs; Michael S. Puniello

2001-01-01

81

Major depression.  

PubMed

Major depression is a common, disabling condition seen frequently in primary care practices. Non-psychiatrist ambulatory providers are increasingly responsible for diagnosing, and primarily managing patients suffering from major depressive disorder (MDD). The goal of this review is to help primary care providers to understand the natural history of MDD, identify practical tools for screening, and a thoughtful approach to management. Clinically challenging topics like co-morbid conditions, treatment resistant depression and pharmacotherapy selection with consideration to side effects and medication interactions, are also covered. PMID:25134869

Bentley, Susan M; Pagalilauan, Genevieve L; Simpson, Scott A

2014-09-01

82

Biogeochemical processes controlling the mobility of major ions and trace metals in aquitard sediments beneath an oil sand tailing pond: laboratory studies and reactive transport modeling.  

PubMed

Increased production and expansion of the oil sand industry in Alberta are of great benefit to the economy, but they carry major environmental challenges. The volume of fluid fine tailings requiring storage is 840×10(6) m(3) and growing, making it imperative that we better understand the fate and transport of oil sand process-affected water (OSPW) seepage from these facilities. Accordingly, the current study seeks to characterize both a) the potential for major ion and trace element release, and b) the principal biogeochemical processes involved, as tailing pond OSPW infiltrates into, and interacts with, underlying glacial till sediments prior to reaching down gradient aquifers or surface waters. Objectives were addressed through a series of aqueous and solid phase experiments, including radial diffusion cells, an isotope analysis, X-ray diffraction, and sequential extractions. The diffusion cells were also simulated in a reactive transport framework to elucidate key reaction processes. The experiments indicate that the ingress and interaction of OSPW with the glacial till sediment-pore water system will result in: a mitigation of ingressing Na (retardation), displacement and then limited precipitation of exchangeable Ca and Mg (as carbonates), sulfate reduction and subsequent precipitation of the produced sulfides, as well as biodegradation of organic carbon. High concentrations of ingressing Cl (~375 mg L(-1)) and Na (~575 mg L(-1)) (even though the latter is delayed, or retarded) are expected to migrate through the till and into the underlying sand channel. Trace element mobility was influenced by ion exchange, oxidation-reduction, and mineral phase reactions including reductive dissolution of metal oxyhydroxides - in accordance with previous observations within sandy aquifer settings. Furthermore, although several trace elements showed the potential for release (Al, B, Ba, Cd, Mn, Pb, Si, Sr), large-scale mobilization is not supported. Thus, the present results suggest that in addition to the commonly cited naphthenic acids, remediation of OSPW-impacted groundwater will need to address high concentrations of major ions contributing to salinization. PMID:23727691

Holden, A A; Haque, S E; Mayer, K U; Ulrich, A C

2013-08-01

83

Mobility of major and trace elements in a coupled groundwater-surface water system: Merced River, CA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Trace element transport in coupled surface water/groundwater systems is controlled not only by advective flow, but also by redox reactions that affect the partitioning of various elements between mobile and immobile phases. These processes have been examined in the context of a field project conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) as part of the National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) program. The Merced River flows out of Yosemite National Park and the Sierra Nevada foothills and into California's Central Valley, where it joins the San Joaquin River. Our field site is approximately twenty river kilometers from the confluence with the San Joaquin River. This deep alluvial plain has minimal topography. Agricultural development characterizes the land surrounding this reach of river; consequently, the hydrology is heavily influenced by irrigation. Riverbed groundwater samples were collected from ten wells aligned in two transects across the river located approximately 100 m apart. The wells were sampled from depths of 0.5 m, 1 m, and 3 m below the sediment-water interface. Groundwater flowpath samples were taken from wells positioned on a path perpendicular to the river and located 100 m, 500 m, and 1000 m from the river. The saturated groundwater system exists from 7 to 40 m below the surface and is confined below by a clay layer. Each well location samples from 3-5 depths in this surface aquifer. Samples were collected in December 2003, March-April, June-July, and October 2004. This served to provide an evenly-spaced sampling frequency over the course of a year, and also to allow observation of trends coinciding with the onset of winter, the spring runoff, and early and late summer irrigation. An initial survey of the elements in the riverbed samples was conducted using Inductively-Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS). Elements for further study were selected based on variability in this survey, either with respect to depth or location, as well as to cover a range of expected geochemical behaviors. Further ICP-MS measurements focused on eight elements: strontium, barium, uranium, molybdenum, manganese, iron, phosphorus, and bromine. Bromine is a conservative tracer. Molybdenum, manganese, and iron will precipitate when oxidized, and uranium will precipitate when reduced. Strontium and barium are not redox-active but may be affected by dissolution-precipitation and sorption reactions. Phosphorus is a nutrient that will cycle actively in areas of biological productivity. Generally, these elements appear to behave as expected based on physical waterflow and assumed redox conditions. The two transects of wells across the river bracket a zone of known denitrification, which implies that sediment conditions favor oxidation upriver and reduction downriver. This trend is borne out both by the redox-sensitive elements at each transect, and by the strontium and barium, which bind to precipitated iron and manganese oxides in oxidizing conditions and are released into the dissolved state in reducing conditions. The flowpath samples appear to be enriched in strontium, phosphorus, and bromine when compared to the riverbed samples, and they are depleted in manganese and iron.

Wildman, R. A.; Domagalski, J. L.; Hering, J. G.

2004-12-01

84

The Age of Majority.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the past 2 years state laws lowering the age of majority to 18 and other statutes that confer some majority rights on minors have considerably altered the status of young people in our society. In 7 states, the age of majority has been lowered in an effort to relieve young people of the minority disabilities originally intended to protect…

Council of State Governments, Lexington, KY.

85

Disability retirement  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Eligibility for disability retirement is discussed. General guidelines and a few standards are given. Usually the same basic medical principles apply to the evaluation of claims for disability retirement as apply to determining medical suitability for initial employment.

Eck, R. L.

1975-01-01

86

Injuries in physically disabled children.  

PubMed

Disability is a condition or function that is judged to be significantly impairing relative to the usual standard of an individual or group. The spectrum of musculoskeletal disabilities in children is immense and varied. Musculoskeletal disabilities are congenital or acquired; they affect a child partially or generally and can occur as a permanent or transient disability.Although injuries still represent a major concern for children and adolescents worldwide, studies focusing on injuries in physically disabled children are lacking. To detect musculoskeletal injuries, radiographs are frequently required. In disabled children the radiographic findings can detect the skeletal injury but also can present special radiographic findings of the underlying disease.This review offers an overview of different musculoskeletal disabilities and their related injuries as well as characteristic findings on radiographs. PMID:25350830

Kraus, Tanja; Singer, Georg; Wegmann, Helmut; Tschauner, Sebastian; Svehlik, Martin; Steinwender, Gerhard; Sorantin, Erich

2014-11-01

87

Mobility impairments and use of screening and preventive services.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: Primary care for people with disabilities often concentrates on underlying debilitating disorders to the exclusion of preventive health concerns. This study examined use of screening and preventive services among adults with mobility problems (difficulty walking, climbing stairs, or standing for extended periods). METHODS: The responses of non-institutionalized adults to the 1994 National Health Interview Survey, including the disability and Healthy People 2000 supplements, were analyzed. Multivariable logistic regressions predicted service use on the basis of mobility level, demographic characteristics, and indicators of health care access. RESULTS: Ten percent of the sample reported some mobility impairment; 3% experienced major problems. People with mobility problems were as likely as others to receive pneumonia and influenza immunizations but were less likely to receive other services. Adjusted odds ratios for women with major mobility difficulties were 0.6 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.4, 0.9) for the Papanicolaou test and 0.7 (95% CI = 0.5, 0.9) for mammography. CONCLUSIONS: More attention should be paid to screening and preventive services for people with mobility difficulties. Shortened appointment times, physically inaccessible care sites, and inadequate equipment could further compromise preventive care for this population. PMID:10846515

Iezzoni, L I; McCarthy, E P; Davis, R B; Siebens, H

2000-01-01

88

Disability Doesn't Mean Vulnerability  

MedlinePLUS

... III For many Americans living with a disability, learning some form of personal protection as well as how to escape a hazardous situation is an important aspect of independence and mobility. There are, however, four ...

89

Disability terminology in the media: a comparison of newspaper reports in Canada and Israel.  

PubMed

The terminology used to refer to persons with disability may both reflect and influence attitudes towards them. Negative references may perpetuate negative attitudes and stereotypes. This is of particular importance in the mass media which reaches a broad spectrum of the population. This study looked at disability terminology used in major newspapers in Canada and Israel. It focused on the nature of that terminology and whether its use was related to other factors, such as the disability model reflected in the article, the content of the article (e.g. attributes of the disabled person) and its context (e.g. type of newspaper, feature versus news items). Overall, the use of inappropriate terminology of varying types was quite prevalent in both countries. In addition, in Canada there were a considerable number of articles which had no direct reference to the disability. In general, the terminology used was considerably more positive in articles dealing with individual persons with disabilities (as opposed to groups), with disabled children and with problems of mobility and rights. The results of the study indicate that the choice of terminology cannot be explained by journalistic expedience and conciseness alone. PMID:10369439

Auslander, G K; Gold, N

1999-05-01

90

Developing a Disabilities Information Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Disabled students require full access to the higher education curriculum without suffering from discrimination due to their disability. This is a simple ethic of civilised societies, but is also increasingly becoming a legal imperative. In a relatively small number of cases access may mean accommodating manifest physical impairments such as those that can occur with sight, hearing and mobility. In

Bin Ling; Colin Allison; J Ross Nicoll; Dave Roberts; Luke Moodley

91

Adaptive Computing Technology and the Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adaptive technology offers people with disabilities the opportunity not just to use computers, but to use computers to complete tasks that were previously not possible for them. Computers can be used to assist individuals with speech or writing impairments, physical or mobility impairments, visual impairments, and learning disabilities. (Author/JL)

Harrell, William L.

1998-01-01

92

Depression, Disability, and Rehabilitation Services for Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to review scientific evidence for the co-occurrence of major depressive illness and disability, and to examine this phenomenon specifically for women in the United States today. Following a discussion of different ways of operationalizing the concept of disability, the analysis addresses gender biases in disability

Cook, Judith A.

2003-01-01

93

PLASMA SPHINGOSINE 1-PHOSPHATE IS A MAJOR CHEMOATTRACTANT THAT DIRECTS EGRESS OF HEMATOPOIETIC STEM PROGENITOR CELLS FROM BONE MARROW AND ITS LEVEL IN PERIPHERAL BLOOD INCREASES DURING MOBILIZATION DUE TO ACTIVATION OF COMPLEMENT CASCADE/MEMBRANE ATTACK COMPLEX  

PubMed Central

Complement cascade (CC) becomes activated and its cleavage fragments play a crucial role in the mobilization of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs). Here, we sought to determine which major chemottractant present in peripheral blood (PB) is responsible for the egress of HSPCs from the BM. We noticed that normal and mobilized plasma strongly chemoattracts HSPCs in a stromal derived factor-1 (SDF-1)-independent manner because i) plasma SDF-1 level does not correlate with mobilization efficiency, ii) the chemotactic plasma gradient is not affected in the presence of AMD3100, and iii) it is resistant to denaturation by heat. Surprisingly, the observed loss of plasma chemotactic activity after charcoal stripping suggested involvement of bioactive lipids and we focused on sphingosine-1 phosphate (S1P), a known chemoattracant of HSPCs. We found that S1P i) creates in plasma a continuously present gradient for BM-residing HSPCs, ii) is at physiologically relevant concentrations a chemoattractant several magnitudes stronger than SDF-1, and iii) its plasma level increases during mobilization due to CC activation and the interaction of membrane attack complex (MAC) with erythrocytes that are a major reservoir of S1P. We conclude and propose a new paradigm that S1P is a crucial chemoattractant for BM-residing HSPCs and that CC via MAC induces release of S1P from erythrocytes for optimal egress/mobilization of HSPCs. PMID:20357827

Ratajczak, Mariusz Z.; Lee, HakMo; Wysoczynski, Marcin; Wan, Wu; Marlicz, Wojciech; Laughlin, Mary J.; Kucia, Magda; Janowska-Wieczorek, Anna; Ratajczak, Janina

2010-01-01

94

The physically disabled medical student.  

PubMed

Previous literature on physically disabled medical students is reviewed, and its implications are examined. Although they encounter significant obstacles to their acceptance into medical school due to stereotyped attitudes, environmental barriers, and recent legal decisions, these students are nevertheless applying to and successfully completing medical school. Common coping strategies for students with mobility, visual, and hearing impairments are briefly outlined. PMID:2962981

Stiens, S

1987-01-01

95

CERTIFICATION OF PSYCHOLOGICAL DISABILITY The student named below has applied for services from the Student Disability Service at  

E-print Network

CERTIFICATION OF PSYCHOLOGICAL DISABILITY The student named below has applied for services from require documentation of the student's psychological disability. Under the Americans with Disabilities Act and that the identified disability substantially limits one or more major life activities. A diagnosis of a disorder

Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

96

Shakespeare on old age and disability.  

PubMed

The plays of William Shakespeare were reviewed for references to disabilities, aging and disability, and older characters with disabilities. Shakespeare's references draw from traditional cultural notions about older people with disabilities. These traditional notions include people with physical disabilities being evil, the entertainment value of disabilty, and those who were mentally ill being wild and animal-like. He viewed the aging process as disabling and old age as a time when individuals lost some abilities to function, particularly when it came to mental capacity and physical mobility. His writings show that he used disability as a literary tool to add dimension to characters and set them apart. Contemporary literature continues to share some of Shakespeare's view on aging and disability but also departs from them in important ways. For example, contemporary treatment of disabilities and aging places more emphasis on the human side of the affects of aging and disabilities. Disabilities and aging are not cast in the same negative terms as Shakespeare used. PMID:10987340

Covey, H

2000-01-01

97

[Evolution of disability and dependency. An international perspective].  

PubMed

In societies with a high level of population aging, the ability to live autonomously is a major goal of public health. The present article examines recent population-based studies analyzing a possible reduction in the prevalence of disability and provides evidence on the unmet needs of dependent individuals.In the last few decades, disability and reduced mobility have decreased in elderly persons living in high-income countries, including Spain. This decrease is clear in persons aged less than 85 years old but the trends in persons older than 85 years are difficult to study due to the lack of information. These trends depend on greater education among the population, a reduction in social and gender inequalities and the adoption of healthy lifestyle habits. A reduction in dependency also depends on changes in the physical and social environment to encourage active aging. The health gains in the generation aged between 40 and 65 years do not seem high. The reductions in disability in the next 25 years will not be as great as those observed between 1990 and the present time, except for a possible reduction in disability in women due to a decrease in gender roles. Dependence on help from third persons will tend to decrease, except in dementia. Use of technical aids is increasing and will continue to do so. PMID:22169442

Zunzunegui, María Victoria

2011-12-01

98

Disability Services Office Pre-registration Form (for new students requesting an appointment)  

E-print Network

Disability Services Office Pre-registration Form (for new students requesting an appointment) Name Physical ­ functional mobility impaired Learning Disability ADHD/ADD Other: __________________________________ Student Number: ___________________ Phone Number: __________________________ Email

Ellis, Randy

99

Disability Services Office Pre-registration Form (for new students requesting an appointment)  

E-print Network

Disability Services Office Pre-registration Form (for new students requesting an appointment) Name Medical Physical ­ functional mobility impaired Learning Disability ADHD/ADD Other: __________________________________ Student Number: ___________________ Phone Number: __________________________ Email

Linder, Tamás

100

Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Children, adolescents, and young adults diagnosed with a learning disability have a constellation of symptoms that result\\u000a in significant functional impairments. Youth who experience learning disabilities may also have additional behavioral symptoms\\u000a that complicate diagnosis. Early recognition and intervention may have significant impact on long-term positive outcomes.\\u000a Interventions include behavioral academic, psycho-educational, as well as individual and family therapy. This

Helen D. Pratt; Donald E. Greydanus

101

Certification Of Psychological Disability Disabled Students' Program  

E-print Network

Certification Of Psychological Disability Disabled Students' Program University of California: 510-643-9686 The student named below has applied for services from the Disabled Students' Program (DSP of the student's psychological disability. Under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 and Section

Jacobs, Lucia

102

CAPABILITIES AND LIMITATIONS OF TEMPEST'S MOBILE VENTILATION UNIT TO CONTROL THE SMOKE AND HEAT GENERATED BY A MAJOR TUNNEL FIRE - A CFD Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Steady state and the limiting case emergency ventilation analysis of an automobile fire in various road tunnel configurations were performed. The maximum Heat Release Rate (HRR) of 29.3MW inside various tunnel lengths (60.9m to 5.2km) with maximum 4% down grade was considered. The Mobile Ventilation Unit (MVU™) manufactured by Tempest Technology™ was used as the ventilation equipment. In particular, the

Paul Miclea; Nader Shahcheraghi

103

Changing the disability climate: promoting tolerance in the workplace.  

PubMed

Disability climate is a key determinant of the successful integration of individuals with disabilities into the work force and a major influence on the level of occupational stress experienced by this population. Industry-specific attitudes regarding disabilities have an effect on disability climate as perceived by workers, as do formal and informal policies, procedures, and practices. Occupational health nurses can impact organizational disability climates through implementation of disability climate programs, thus improving workplace conditions for workers with disabilities and reducing occupational stress. PMID:16562624

Matt, Susan B; Butterfield, Patricia

2006-03-01

104

Learning Disabilities and ADHD  

MedlinePLUS

... disabilities Learning disabilities and ADHD Learning disabilities and ADHD Learning disabilities affect how you understand, remember, and ... learning skills, including memory tips from LD Online. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) top ADHD is a medical condition that ...

105

Sound mobility models  

Microsoft Academic Search

Simulation has become an indispensable tool in the construction and evaluation of mobile systems. By using mobility models that describe constituent movement, one can explore large systems, producing repeatable results for comparison between alternatives. Unfortunately, the vast majority of mobility models---including all those in which nodal speed and distance or destination are chosen independently---suffer from decay; average speed decreases until

Jungkeun Yoon; Mingyan Liu; Brian Noble

2003-01-01

106

Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet uses hypothetical case examples to illustrate the definition, causal theories, and specific types of learning disabilities (LD). The cognitive and language performance of students with LD is compared to standard developmental milestones, and common approaches to the identification and education of children with LD are outlined.…

Neuwirth, Sharyn

107

Distributed Mobility Management for Target Tracking in Mobile Sensor Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobility management is a major challenge in mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) due in part to the dynamically changing network topologies. For mobile sensor networks that are deployed for surveillance applications, it is important to use a mobility management scheme that can empower nodes to make better decisions regarding their positions such that strategic tasks such as target tracking can

Yi Zou; Krishnendu Chakrabarty

2007-01-01

108

Managing collateral disability in the disability continuum.  

PubMed

Emotional responses of parents of children with physical disabilities are not clearly addressed in the disability definition and therefore rarely addressed in the course of assessment and management of the disabled patient by the physiotherapists. In the provision of family-centred care for disabled persons, the impact of disablement on every member of the family including carers should be reviewed. This would assist in furthering the bio-psychosocial model of care. This paper briefly outlines the most common emotional responses and collateral disablement experienced by parents of children with disabilities (CWD) and the implications of this to physiotherapy in the family-centred care. PMID:24498673

Useh, U

2013-11-01

109

Libraries and the Mobile Web  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2011, cell phones and mobile devices are ubiquitous. The vast majority of Americans now own cell phones, and over half of them have mobile access to the Internet through a phone or other mobile device. For libraries to stay relevant, they must be able to offer content and services through the mobile web. In this issue of "Library Technology…

Hanson, Cody

2011-01-01

110

Distress or Disability? Proceedings of a symposium held at  

E-print Network

across a lifespan Shelly Briggs and Fiona Cameron 43 Which model of disability can include voice hearing, mobile meanings, and a new social model? Alan Beattie 77 Some thoughts towards seeking a new service

Meju, Max

111

75 FR 38877 - Transportation for Individuals With Disabilities: Passenger Vessels  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...policies to ensure treatment for disabled passengers...issue concerns the treatment of mobility aids...indoors, designed for and used by individuals...drug addiction and alcoholism; (iv) The phrase...functions such as caring for one's self,...

2010-07-06

112

Learning Disabilities In-Service Training Kit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Included in the training kit for teachers in the area of learning disabilities are materials developed by Project Lighthouse for experimental field usage to test the materials. The problem of educating children with learning disabilities is summarized, as is Piaget's model of logical activity. The major divisions of the text then deal with the…

Simpson, Bickley

113

Update on the Americans with Disabilities Act  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1990, Congress enacted the Americans with Disabilities Act as a comprehensive mandate to eliminate discrimination against individuals with disabilities. The ADA's primary intent was to extend the protection of Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. The major difference between the two laws is that Section 504 applies to programs that…

Russo, Charles J.; Osborne, Allan G.

2009-01-01

114

Disabled people assistance by a semiautonomous robotic system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary objective of rehabilitation robotics is to fully or partly restore the disabled user's manipulative function by placing a robot arm between the user and the environment. Our assistance system is composed of a control-command station for the disabled person and a manipulator arm mounted on a mobile robot. The main constraints of such peculiar systems are flexibility to

Samir OTMANE; Etienne COLLE; Malik MALLEM; Philippe HOPPENOT

2000-01-01

115

National Center for Learning Disabilities, Inc. 2005 Annual Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2005, the National Center for Learning Disabilities (NCLD) helped more children, more parents and more educators than ever before. Through their programs, information services, and policy initiatives, they raised awareness, mobilized advocates, and took action to help ensure that learning disabilities are identified and addressed early and…

National Center for Learning Disabilities, 2006

2006-01-01

116

Information For Disabled  

E-print Network

Information For Disabled And Dyslexic Students. #12;1. What is the Disability and Dyslexia Support and advice. WHAt iS tHe DiSAbility AnD DySlexiA SuppOrt Service (DDSS)? Information for disabledStreet Western Bank The Disability and Dyslexia Support Service University of Sheffield Tram Stop Postal Address

Oakley, Jeremy

117

Disability travel in the United States: recent research and findings  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to report and compare the salient findings of recent research on travel by Americans with disabilities. Until 2002, when Open Doors Organization (ODO) sponsored its first nationwide study on travel by adults with disabilities (ODO 2002), conducted by Harris Interactive, there had never been a major, statistically reliable survey on the US disability travel

Laurel Van Horn

2007-01-01

118

The Americans with Disabilities Act and Child Care Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article covers the major components of the Americans With Disabilities Act Of 1990 (ADA). The actions that can and cannot be taken by day care facilities when dealing with children with disabilities are covered. It is stressed that both public and private day care facilities cannot discriminate against children with disabilities. Guidance for determining if a child with a

John T. Pardeck

1997-01-01

119

A Manual on the Primary Prevention of Developmental Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual presents information about major causes of developmental disabilities, discusses strategies to prevent development disabilities, and identifies relevant resources and reference material. Introductory information defines developmental disabilities and prevention (under Virginia statutes). The first section considers causes prior to and…

Whitley, Elizabeth B.; Skiles, Laura Lopater

120

On a bioethical challenge to disability rights.  

PubMed

Tensions exist between the disability rights movement and the work of many bioethicists. These reveal themselves in a major recent book on bioethics and genetics, From Chance to Choice: Genetics and Justice. This book defends certain genetic policies against criticisms from disability rights advocates, in part by arguing that it is possible to accept both the genetic policies and the rights of people with impairments. However, a close reading of the book reveals a series of direct moral criticisms of the disability rights movement. The criticisms go beyond a defense of genetic policies from the criticisms of disability rights advocates. The disability rights movement is said not to have the same moral legitimacy as other civil rights movements, such as those for women or "racial" minorities. This paper documents, and in some cases shows the flaws within, these challenges to the disability rights movement. PMID:18027248

Amundson, Ron; Tresky, Shari

2007-01-01

121

Every year, many temporarily and permanently disabled students attend UC Santa Barbara. Student Affairs'  

E-print Network

Every year, many temporarily and permanently disabled students attend UC Santa Barbara. Student Affairs' Disabled Students Program (DSP) ensures that these students always receive the same core support to students with documented long-term or temporary disabilities, including both visible (mobility issues

California at Santa Barbara, University of

122

Mobile Robotics: Research, Applications and Challenges  

E-print Network

Mobile Robotics: Research, Applications and Challenges Ulrich Nehmzow Department of Computer Abstract This overview paper discusses some of the major focuses of current mobile robotics research, introduces a specific application of mobile robotics -- au- tomated inspection using autonomous novelty

Nehmzow, Ulrich

123

Disability certificates in India: a challenge to health privacy.  

PubMed

A "disability certificate" is necessary to access benefits afforded under the Persons with Disabilities Act (1995) in India. This paper analyses this requirement and concludes that it constitutes a major challenge to maintaining privacy of health information especially for persons with mental health disabilities in India and recommends modifications in the certificate's format and use, to reduce the magnitude of privacy infringement for those using the disability certificate to access benefits to which they are legally entitled. PMID:22319852

Mishra, N N; Parker, L S; Nimgaonkar, V L; Deshpande, S N

2012-01-01

124

Updated: 4/12 Disabilities Studies  

E-print Network

and Measurement of Disability 38.315 Kinesiology (EP Majors Only) 44.546 Mental Health and Criminal Justice 46 Methodologies 49.305 Women, Minorities and Immigrants in the Labor Force 57.220 Designing the Future World 57

Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

125

Updated: 4/13 Disabilities Studies  

E-print Network

and Measurement of Disability 38.315 Kinesiology (EP Majors Only) 44.546 Mental Health and Criminal Justice 46 Methodologies 49.305 Women, Minorities and Immigrants in the Labor Force 57.220 Designing the Future World 57

Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

126

Using Virtual Reality To Teach Disability Awareness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the design and evaluation of a desktop virtual reality program that was developed to teach children about the accessibility and attitudinal barriers encountered by their peers with mobility impairments. Investigated attitudes, grade levels, familiarity with individuals with a disability, and gender. (Author/LRW)

Pivik, Jayne; McComas, Joan; Macfarlane, Ian; Laflamme, Marc

2002-01-01

127

Aversive disablism: subtle prejudice toward disabled people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Blatant forms of prejudice towards disabled people appear to be disappearing in the UK. However, subtle forms of prejudice remain and may be highly damaging to the achievement of the vision of disabled people being ‘respected and included as equal members of society’. In order to assist placing subtle forms of prejudice within a framework, the term aversive disablism is

Mark Deal

2007-01-01

128

Disability Equality Scheme Disability Equality Scheme  

E-print Network

hindering the achievements of students or staff. Our approach to disability equality is shaped by the social and disclosure are more pronounced. Consultation with disabled staff and students can also be problematic as we students during their time at the RCA. Provision for disabled staff is managed by the Personnel Department

Subramanian, Sriram

129

Disability Studies The disabilities movement motto,  

E-print Network

administration � Disability and accessibility policy analysis Excellent Student Support In addition to dedicated an undergraduate academic appointment in their second year of studies and beyond where students will work closely the motivation for the Disability Studies program. www.uwindsor.ca/disabilitystudies Disability Studies can lead

130

UNIVERSITY OF SUSSEX Policy for determining Alternatives Modes of Assessment for Disabled Students  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY OF SUSSEX Policy for determining Alternatives Modes of Assessment for Disabled Students for disabled students. In implementing these procedures it is noted: 1.1 that the majority of disabled students disadvantageous to a disabled student. Where it is not possible to demonstrate the learning outcomes of the course

Sussex, University of

131

Description of the AMSC mobile satellite system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The American Mobile Satellite Corporation will provide a full range of mobile satellite services through a mobile satellite system dedicated to mobile use in the United States. This paper provides a summary of the system architecture with descriptions of each of the major system elements. The elements are the space segment, network control system, mobile earth terminals and feeder-link earth

W. B. Garner

1990-01-01

132

DISABILITY ASSOCIATED WITH ALCOHOL ABUSE AND DEPENDENCE  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND Alcohol use disorders (AUD), i.e., alcohol dependence and abuse are major contributors to burden of disease. A large part of this burden is due to disability. However, there is still controversy about the best disability weighting for alcohol use disorders. The objective of this study was to provide an overview of alcohol-related disabilities. METHODS Systematic literature review and expert interviews. RESULTS There is heterogeneity in experts’ descriptions of disabilities related to AUD. The major core attributes of disability related to AUD are changes of emotional state, social relationships, memory and thinking. The most important supplementary attributes are anxiety, impairments of speech and hearing. CONCLUSIONS This review identified the main patterns of disability associated with alcohol use disorders. However, there was considerable variability, and data on less prominent patterns were fragmented. Further and systematic research is required for increasing the knowledge on disability related to alcohol use disorders and for application of interventions for reducing the associated burden. OBJECTIVE To provide an overview of disabilities associated with AUD. PMID:20662803

Samokhvalov, Andriy V.; Popova, Svetlana; Room, Robin; Ramonas, Milita; Rehm, Jurgen

2010-01-01

133

Movement, Mobility, and Public Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Physical inactivity is increasingly recognized as a public health problem due to the increased risks for chronic diseases and disabling physical conditions that limit movement and mobility in adults. During the past 15 years, public health activities have focused on understanding factors that influence physical activity behaviors and in identifying ways to minimize physical inactivity. Efforts have focused on conducting

Barbara E. Ainsworth

2005-01-01

134

Learning Disability and Suicide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper cites studies on the interaction of depression and learning disability, examines the question of whether depression is a result or a cause of learning disability, emphasizes the importance of proper diagnosis of depression versus learning disability, and reviews the incidence of suicide-related events among the learning-disabled.…

Hayes, Marnell L.; Sloat, Robert S.

1988-01-01

135

Gifted learning disabled students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Up to 30 per cent of gifted students display a learning disability, with 10 per cent reading at two or more years below their grade level. They are referred to as being ?gifted learning disabled’ or as having the dual exceptionalities of giftedness and learning disabilities. For these students, their learning disability is more likely to be recognised and targeted

John Munro

2002-01-01

136

Mobile Bay Activity Book  

E-print Network

of the last major battles of the Civil War, was fought in August of 1864. · The Mobile Bay estuarine system visited in the early 1500's and named it Bay of the Holy Spirit. · The famous Battle of Mobile Bay, one;Can you help this Octopus find its cave? The common Atlantic octopus is found throughout the Gulf

137

Considering powered mobility for individuals with stroke.  

PubMed

Power mobility is an option that provides many disabled individuals with a means of locomotion. Stroke is the leading cause of long-term disability in this country. Unfortunately, there is currently a lack of published material that expounds on power mobility as it relates to clients who have had a stroke. We will present the benefits and considerations for choosing power wheelchairs for this client population. A brief review of seating and mobility evaluation and funding considerations is included with an emphasis on specific issues concerning stroke clients. Finally, a call for further research on this topic is presented. PMID:15118971

Canning, Brenda; Sanchez, Garret

2004-01-01

138

Body image among eating disorder patients with disabilities: a review of published case studies.  

PubMed

While individual cases of eating disorder (ED) patients with disabilities have been reported, there has been little synthesis of their experiences of body image and thin idealization. This study reviews 19 published clinical reports of ED patients with sensory, mobility-related, or intellectual disabilities and evaluates the extent to which their experiences align with or challenge current conceptions of body image in ED. ED patients with visual impairment reported a profound disturbance of body image, perceived intersubjectively and through tactile sensations. Reducing dependence in mobility was an important motivation to control body size for ED patients with mobility-related disabilities. ED as a way of coping with and compensating for the psychosocial consequences of disability was a recurrent theme for patients across a range of disabilities. These experiential accounts of ED patients with disabilities broaden current understandings of body image to include touch and kinaesthetic awareness, intersubjective dynamics, and perceptions of normalcy. PMID:24958662

Cicmil, Nela; Eli, Karin

2014-06-01

139

Predicting disabilities in daily functioning in older people with intellectual disabilities using a frailty index.  

PubMed

Frailty is a state of increased vulnerability to adverse health outcomes compared to others of the same age. People with intellectual disabilities (ID) are more frequently and earlier frail compared to the general population. Frailty challenges much of health care, which will likely further increase due to the aging of the population. Before effective interventions can start, more information is necessary about the consequences of frailty in this, already disabled, population. Here we report whether frailty predicts disabilities in daily functioning. Frailty was measured with a frailty index (FI). At baseline and follow-up activities of daily living (ADL), instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) and mobility were collected by informant report. For 703 older people with ID (?50 yr) baseline and follow-up measures were known. Multivariate linear regression models were used to predict ADL, IADL and mobility at follow-up. The FI was significantly associated with disabilities in daily functioning independent of baseline characteristics (age, gender, level of ID, Down syndrome) and baseline ADL, IADL or mobility. The FI showed to be most predictive for those with relative high independence at baseline. These results stress the importance for interventions that limit the progression of frailty and, thereby, help to limit further disability. PMID:24950014

Schoufour, Josje D; Mitnitski, Arnold; Rockwood, Kenneth; Hilgenkamp, Thessa I M; Evenhuis, Heleen M; Echteld, Michael A

2014-10-01

140

Disabilities: Federal and State Public Policy What is disability?  

E-print Network

Disabilities: Federal and State Public Policy What is disability? Disability's right to fully participate in all aspects of American life. Our nation has and/or physical impairments, manifested before age 22. What is disability

Bordenstein, Seth

141

How to Evaluate Disability  

PubMed Central

A disability assessment for non-therapeutic reasons is the most common evaluation requested of treating psychiatrists. Mental disorders affect approximately 20 percent of Americans each year. People who are unable to work need some financial assistance. As part of the system, it’s our goal to assist them in this process. When a disability claim is filed, psychiatrists take into account the individual’s impairments and disabilities. A psychiatrist’s evaluation of disability involves knowledge and experience. There are many ethics related challenges, especially when performing disability evaluation of their own patients. Disability training should therefore be part of residency curriculum for training of psychiatry residents. PMID:23785336

Sohail, Zohaib; Bailey, Rahn Kennedy; Richie, William D.

2013-01-01

142

Mobile Computing/Mobile Computing/Mobile Computing/Mobile Computing/ Mobile NetworksMobile NetworksMobile NetworksMobile Networks  

E-print Network

Mobile Computing/Mobile Computing/Mobile Computing/Mobile Computing/ Mobile NetworksMobile NetworksMobile NetworksMobile Networks Mobile IP Prof. Chansu Yu Quiz What is the role of IP? Does the router have two IP for Wired Network Mobile IP Overview Basic Mobile IP Agent Discovery Registration Tunneling Route

Yu, Chansu

143

Seizures and X-linked intellectual disability  

PubMed Central

Intellectual disability occurs as an isolated X-linked trait and as a component of recognizable X-linked syndromes in the company of somatic, metabolic, neuromuscular, or behavioral abnormalities. Seizures accompany intellectual disability in almost half of these X-linked disorders. The spectrum of seizures found in the X-linked intellectual disability syndromes is broad, varying in time of onset, type of seizure, and response to anticonvulsant therapy. The majority of the genes associated with XLID and seizures have now been identified. PMID:22377486

Stevenson, Roger E.; Holden, Kenton R.; Rogers, R. Curtis; Schwartz, Charles E.

2012-01-01

144

Benefits for Children with Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... Disability Insurance (SSDI) benefits for adults disabled since childhood . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Applying for SSI payments or SSDI benefits ... Disability Insurance (SSDI) benefits for adults disabled since childhood The SSDI program pays benefits to adults who ...

145

T:\\PTSData\\ParkingRequest\\Disabled Permit Disabled Student Services  

E-print Network

T:\\PTSData\\ParkingRequest\\Disabled Permit Disabled Student Services Temporary Disabled Person-4533 Temporary Disabled Person permits will be issued after completion of Section II by Disabled Student Services): ____________________________ __________________________________________ Applicant Signature and Date SECTION II -- PERMIT INFORMATION (To be completed by Disabled Student Services

de Lijser, Peter

146

Social Support and Intellectual Disabilities: A Comparison between Social Networks of Adults with Intellectual Disability and Those with Physical Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Social support has been identified as a major protective factor in preventing mental health problems and also as a major contributor to quality of life. People with intellectual disabilities (ID) have been identified as having limited social support structures. Interventions have been focused on promoting their social presence and…

Lippold, T.; Burns, J.

2009-01-01

147

Hysterectomy and Disability Among U.S. Women  

PubMed Central

CONTEXT Hysterectomies are the second most common surgery performed on women in the United States, and most are done for elective reasons. Although women with disabilities appear to have an increased risk of undergoing the procedure, little research has evaluated the relationship between disability and hysterectomy. METHODS Data on 42,842 women aged 18 or older from the 2000, 2005 and 2010 National Health Interview Surveys were used to evaluate the relationship between disability and the risk of having a hysterectomy over the life course. Piecewise exponential event history models were estimated to identify associations between timing of disability onset, type of disability, and the occurrence and timing of hysterectomy. RESULTS Women with multiple disabilities experienced a higher risk of undergoing a hysterectomy than women with no disability (hazard ratio, 1.3), and this heightened risk was concentrated at younger ages. During their 20s, 30s and early 40s, women who had multiple disabilities were more likely to have had a hysterectomy than their same-age counterparts with no or one disability (1.3–2.4). Women with a single type of disability, as well as most women who had multiple disabilities and were aged 46 or older, were not at increased risk of having had a hysterectomy. CONCLUSIONS Additional research is needed to investigate why young women with multiple disabilities appear to face an increased risk of having a hysterectomy, especially because it is major surgery that can carry significant health risks. PMID:24020777

Drew, Julia A. Rivera

2013-01-01

148

Major depression  

MedlinePLUS

... major; Depression - clinical; Clinical depression; Unipolar depression; Major depressive disorder ... Doctors do not know the exact causes of depression. It is believed ... responsible. This may be due to a problem with your genes. Or ...

149

Disability and Obesity  

MedlinePLUS

... CDC Employees and Reasonable Accommodations (RA) Disability and Obesity Language: English Español (Spanish) Share Compartir Overweight and ... and Disability at http://www.ncpad.org/ The Obesity Epidemic Obesity affects different people in different ways ...

150

National Disability Policy: A Progress Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This National Council on Disability (NCD) annual progress report to the President and Congress covers the period December 2005 through December 2006. The report is divided into 13 chapters, each dealing with a major area of public policy. These subject-specific chapters are preceded by an introductory Major Trends section that identifies…

National Council on Disability, 2008

2008-01-01

151

Access of Mobile IP Users to Firewall Protected VPNs Marc Danzeisen and Torsten Braun  

E-print Network

of standard protocols (IPSec and Mobile IP) and initial performance results are discussed. Keywords: Mobile IP. This authentication is realized with IPSec. SecMIP uses an IPSec tunnel to protect the Mobile IP tunnel passing, the mobile node disables the old IPSec tunnel, which was been established from an older location using an old

Braun, Torsten

152

Aversive Disablism: Subtle Prejudice toward Disabled People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Blatant forms of prejudice towards disabled people appear to be disappearing in the UK. However, subtle forms of prejudice remain and may be highly damaging to the achievement of the vision of disabled people being "respected and included as equal members of society". In order to assist placing subtle forms of prejudice within a framework, the…

Deal, Mark

2007-01-01

153

EVACUATION OF DISABLED PEOPLE  

E-print Network

disabled staff and students to make themselves known. This is to enable their safety during: · Identify the number of disabled staff and students and where they will be in the building · ImplementEVACUATION OF DISABLED PEOPLE (Document under constant review) HEALTH & SAFETY UNIT JANUARY 2008

154

Including users with disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This SIG will begin the information exchange on designing for disabilities for professionals who have not formally considered disabled communities as part of their user\\/subject base before. Until recently, only professionals working in the area of assistive technologies\\/devices focused on design for people with disabilities. However, more applications, software, products and services that have typically been targeted at the general

Lea T. Adams

2000-01-01

155

Social Psychoanalytic Disability Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores connections and tensions between psychoanalysis and disability studies. The first part of the paper considers contemporaneous engagements with the psyche by a number of disability studies writers. These scholars have remained accountable to a politicised disability studies but have pushed for critical encounters with the…

Goodley, Dan

2011-01-01

156

Science and Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reactions to H. Lee Swanson's paper "Toward a Metatheory of Learning Disabilities" are outlined, and his arguments are applied to reading disabilities, focusing on the importance of the scientific attitude, the misuse of ecological validity, interpretation of Thomas Kuhn's work, modularity and reading disability, and scientific progress toward a…

Stanovich, Keith E.

1988-01-01

157

Disability Action Plan Establishment  

E-print Network

and Student Services through Disability Advisors, Heads of the Student Learning Centre, Health, Counselling, TAFE and students with disabilities on the University's access programs and general services for students with disabilities. · Continue to consider applications to vary standard entry requirements

158

Information For Disabled  

E-print Network

;1. What is the Disability and Dyslexia Support Service? 2. How to contact us 3. Applying to the University to provide additional information and advice. WHAt iS tHe DiSAbility AnD DySlexiA SUppOrt Service (DDSS Hounsfield Road Durham Road ClarksonStreet Western Bank The Disability and Dyslexia Support Service

Dixon, Peter

159

Philosophy meets disability.  

PubMed

The question "what is disability" and its implications are addressed in a new book Arguing about disability: philosophical perspectives, which aims to fill the gap between disability studies and philosophy. The structure of the book has been organised roughly on the basis of three branches of philosophy: metaphysics, political philosophy and ethics. One of the main themes of the book is the characterisation of a third way of thinking about disability, a way between two extremes, the medical and social models of disability. PMID:19717697

Louhiala, P

2009-09-01

160

IIT CRD Handbook Physical, Neuro, Mobility Impair Documentation Guidelines Page 1 of 1 Physical Conditions, Neurological Conditions, or Mobility  

E-print Network

accommodations on the basis of mobility, systemic, or disease-related disabilities. Students are encouraged guidelines describe the necessary components of acceptable documentation for students requesting elements: 1. Identification of the disabling condition(s). 2. An evaluation provided by a qualified

Heller, Barbara

161

Malnutrition and disability: unexplored opportunities for collaboration  

PubMed Central

There is increasing international interest in the links between malnutrition and disability: both are major global public health problems, both are key human rights concerns, and both are currently prominent within the global health agenda. In this review, interactions between the two fields are explored and it is argued that strengthening links would lead to important mutual benefits and synergies. At numerous points throughout the life-cycle, malnutrition can cause or contribute to an individual’s physical, sensory, intellectual or mental health disability. By working more closely together, these problems can be transformed into opportunities: nutrition services and programmes for children and adults can act as entry points to address and, in some cases, avoid or mitigate disability; disability programmes can improve nutrition for the children and adults they serve. For this to happen, however, political commitment and resources are needed, as are better data. PMID:25309998

Groce, N; Challenger, E; Berman-Bieler, R; Farkas, A; Yilmaz, N; Schultink, W; Clark, D; Kaplan, C; Kerac, M

2014-01-01

162

Conceptual foundation for measures of physical function and behavioral health function for Social Security work disability evaluation.  

PubMed

Physical and mental impairments represent the 2 largest health condition categories for which workers receive Social Security disability benefits. Comprehensive assessment of physical and mental impairments should include aspects beyond medical conditions such as a person's underlying capabilities as well as activity demands relevant to the context of work. The objective of this article is to describe the initial conceptual stages of developing new measurement instruments of behavioral health and physical functioning relevant for Social Security work disability evaluation purposes. To outline a clear conceptualization of the constructs to be measured, 2 content models were developed using structured and informal qualitative approaches. We performed a structured literature review focusing on work disability and incorporating aspects of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health as a unifying taxonomy for framework development. Expert interviews provided advice and consultation to enhance face validity of the resulting content models. The content model for work-related behavioral health function identifies 5 major domains: (1) behavior control, (2) basic interactions, (3) temperament and personality, (4) adaptability, and (5) workplace behaviors. The content model describing physical functioning includes 3 domains: (1) changing and maintaining body position, (2) whole-body mobility, and (3) carrying, moving, and handling objects. These content models informed subsequent measurement properties including item development and measurement scale construction, and provided conceptual coherence guiding future empirical inquiry. The proposed measurement approaches show promise to comprehensively and systematically assess physical and behavioral health functioning relevant to work. PMID:23548543

Marfeo, Elizabeth E; Haley, Stephen M; Jette, Alan M; Eisen, Susan V; Ni, Pengsheng; Bogusz, Kara; Meterko, Mark; McDonough, Christine M; Chan, Leighton; Brandt, Diane E; Rasch, Elizabeth K

2013-09-01

163

Disability Resource Centre: Support and advice for disabled students  

E-print Network

Disability Resource Centre: Support and advice for disabled students #12;#12;1 About the Disability service for disabled students and those staff supporting them. The objectives of the DRC are to: n provide advice and guidance for prospective and current disabled students to enable them to access a wide range

Steiner, Ullrich

164

The Americans with Disabilities Act and Child Care Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the major components of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 applicable to day care facilities. Offers guidelines for admitting disabled children, and for determining whether an accommodation is reasonable or an unreasonable burden. Considers an ADA case involving discrimination against a diabetic child for insights into the…

Pardeck, John T.

1997-01-01

165

The Evolving Understanding of the Construct of Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses two major areas concerned with the evolving understanding of the construct of intellectual disability. The first part of the article discusses current answers to five critical questions that have revolved around the general question, "What is Intellectual Disability?" These five are what to call the phenomenon, how to…

Schalock, Robert L.

2011-01-01

166

Disability Identity of Leaders in the Self-Advocacy Movement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Life stories and perspectives of leaders in the self-advocacy movement were explored to enhance knowledge about disability identity formation. In-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with 13 leaders in the self-advocacy movement. Five major themes emerged: (a) resistance-claiming personhood and voice; (b) connection with disability

Caldwell, Joe

2011-01-01

167

Social Security for Persons with Disabilities in India  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the programmes of Social Security are to guarantee income maintenance or income support, the condition of the disabled persons is somewhat different. Some might have become disabled due to work injury or accident or due to some other contingency during their work life. Such persons have employment related social security schemes in operation in India. However, there are majority

P Madhava Rao

168

Overweight and Obesity in Older People with Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Overweight and obesity are major health problems associated with increased cardiovascular disease risk, which is not sufficiently studied in people with intellectual disability yet. The present study was part of the Healthy Ageing in Intellectual Disability (HA-ID) study. The aim of this study was to establish (1) the prevalence of overweight,…

de Winter, C. F.; Bastiaanse, L. P.; Hilgenkamp, T. I. M.; Evenhuis, H. M.; Echteld, M. A.

2012-01-01

169

Inclusion in Regeneration: A Place for Disabled People?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Single Regeneration Budget (SRB) is a major policy tool for tackling inequality within British cities. Surveys of 200 public-private-community SRB partnerships examined the involvement of people with disabilities in the partnerships. Results indicated that people with disabilities tended to be targets of projects rather than active…

Edwards, Claire

2001-01-01

170

Wake Up Call: Pregnant and Parenting Teens with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pregnancy among all teenagers is a major challenge facing the United States. A literature review indicated little research on the incidences of pregnancy and parenting among teenagers with disabilities, similarities and differences in their educational needs when compared to their non-disabled peers, and how programs address their specific…

Jones, Karen H.; Woolcock-Henry, Constance O.; Domenico, Desirae M.

2005-01-01

171

Understanding the Law To Give Students with Disabilities Full Potential.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper summarizes information concerning the impact of three pieces of federal legislation on the inclusion of students with disabilities in postsecondary programs, especially those supported by the TRIO program. The paper briefly describes major points of the following laws: (1) the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), which is…

Jarrow, Jane

172

Process writing for high?risk and learning disabled students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current research is challenging traditional writing instruction, which concentrates on mechanical skills, and is examining the process approach to writing instruction. This article discusses the major elements of process instruction and the positive influence they have on learning disabled and inner?city high risk students. Because process writing seems to enhance active learning, a trait generally absent in learning disabled children,

Nina Zaragoza

1987-01-01

173

Overweight and obesity in older people with intellectual disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Overweight and obesity are major health problems associated with increased cardiovascular disease risk, which is not sufficiently studied in people with intellectual disability yet. The present study was part of the Healthy Ageing in Intellectual Disability (HA-ID) study. The aim of this study was to establish (1) the prevalence of overweight, obesity and body fat percentage in older people with

C. F. de Winter; L. P. Bastiaanse; T. I. M. Hilgenkamp; H. M. Evenhuis; M. A. Echteld

174

Singaporean Parents' Curriculum Priorities for Their Children with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the perspectives of 77 caregivers on how much they valued major curriculum skills areas for their children (ages 3-28) with disabilities. Parents of children with moderate, severe, and mild disabilities indicated the highest priority for self-help functional life skills, followed by community-based functional life skills.…

Lim, Levan; Girl, Tan Ai; Quah, Marilyn M.

2000-01-01

175

Major Programs  

Cancer.gov

The Division of Cancer Prevention supports major scientific collaborations and research networks at more than100 sites across the United States; investigator-initiated grants; postdoctoral training; and specialized resources for researchers.

176

Support for Students with Disabilities in Community Colleges. UCLA Community College Bibliography  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In discussing services for students with disabilities, it is important to emphasize that this term encompasses a variety of physical and cognitive challenges faced by individuals, including learning disabilities such as Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), mobility impairment, hearing/visual…

Zarkesh, Maryam

2004-01-01

177

Work Status and Work Performance of People With DisabilitiesAn Empirical Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the U.S. economy is thrust into the global economy and meets global economic competition, the country needs to mobilize people with disabilities to participate in the labor force and enable them to work and earn money optimally. Therefore, it is important to investigate the extent to which disability affects the employment rate and the levels of hourly wages and

Martha N. Ozawa; Yeong Hun Yeo

2006-01-01

178

A Wheelchair User with Visual and Intellectual Disabilities Managing Simple Orientation Technology for Indoor Travel  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Persons with profound visual impairments and other disabilities, such as neuromotor and intellectual disabilities, may encounter serious orientation and mobility problems even in familiar indoor environments, such as their homes. Teaching these persons to develop maps of their daily environment, using miniature replicas of the areas or some…

Lancioni, Giulio E.; O'Reilly, Mark F.; Singh, Nirbhay N.; Sigafoos, Jeff; Campodonico, Francesca; Oliva, Doretta

2009-01-01

179

Evaluation of an Application for Making Palmtop Computers Accessible to Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Palmtop computers provide a promising mobile platform to address barriers to computer-based supports for people with intellectual disabilities. This study evaluated a specially designed interface to make navigation and features of palmtop computers more accessible to users with intellectual disabilities. Method: The specialised…

Stock, Steven E.; Davies, Daniel K.; Davies, Katelyn R.; Wehmeyer, Michael L.

2006-01-01

180

Injuries and Individuals with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children and adults with disabilities are at an increased risk of injury. Falls are the leading mechanism of injury regardless of the disability status and are even more common in those with moderate or severe disabilities. The setting for the injury differs with the disability status. Compared to individuals with moderate or no disabilities,…

Waldman, H. Barry; Perlman, Steven P.; Chaudhry, Ramiz A.

2009-01-01

181

Political Science Theory and Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Disability has emerged as an important social and political issue since the mid–twentieth century. Largely through the efforts of the disability rights movement, dramatic shifts have occurred in society's understanding of the nature of disability, disabled people's roles, and the content of public policies to address disability. Theories from the discipline of political science can enhance our understanding of the

Sara E. Kimberlin

2009-01-01

182

Description of the AMSC mobile satellite system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The American Mobile Satellite Corporation will provide a full range of mobile satellite services through a mobile satellite system dedicated to mobile use in the United States. This paper provides a summary of the system architecture with descriptions of each of the major system elements. The elements are the space segment, network control system, mobile earth terminals and feeder-link earth stations. The general transmission plan is also described.

Garner, W. B.

183

Meeting the Needs of English Language Learners with Learning Disabilities in the General Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To be academically successful in general education classrooms, English language learners (ELLs) with learning disabilities (LD) need instruction that is simultaneously responsive to their disability, English language status, and culture. Because the majority of students with LD have reading disabilities, ESL and classroom teachers must be familiar…

Garcia, Shernaz B.; Tyler, Brenda-Jean

2010-01-01

184

Meeting the Needs of English Language Learners With Learning Disabilities in the General Curriculuam  

Microsoft Academic Search

To be academically successful in general education classrooms, English language learners (ELLs) with learning disabilities (LD) need instruction that is simultaneously responsive to their disability, English language status, and culture. Because the majority of students with LD have reading disabilities, ESL and classroom teachers must be familiar with instructional strategies that will support language and literacy development in the content

Shernaz B. García; Brenda-Jean Tyler

2010-01-01

185

Monitoring for Accessibility and University Websites: Meeting the Needs of People with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), people with disabilities are guaranteed access to all postsecondary programs and services. The purpose of this study, conducted by the Center for Excellence in Disabilities, was to evaluate the current status of a major university's web accessibility. The results indicated that in 2011 only 51%…

Solovieva, Tatiana I.; Bock, Jeremy M.

2014-01-01

186

Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity in Children with Intellectual Disabilities in Korea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Overweight and obesity in children with intellectual disabilities may be a major health threat. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of overweight and obesity in Korean children with intellectual disabilities aged 7-18 years who did not have specific genetic syndromes or physical disabilities. Materials and methods:…

Choi, Eunsook; Park, HyunJu; Ha, Yeongmi; Hwang, Won Ju

2012-01-01

187

Unique Issues in Assessing Work Function Among Individuals With Psychiatric Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the admission of people who experience psychiatric disabilities in the state-federal vocational rehabilitation system and the Social Security disability rolls in the 1960s, assess- ment of their capacity to work has been a major concern. Given the rising rates of claims for psychiatric disability in both the public and the private sectors, and the disappointing employment outcomes of people

K. MacDonald-Wilson; E. S. Rogers; W. A. Anthony

2001-01-01

188

Hypertension Among US Adults by Disability Status and Type, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2001-2010  

PubMed Central

The prevalence of hypertension among people with disabilities is not well understood. We combined data from the 2001–2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to obtain estimates of hypertension prevalence by disability status and type (cognitive, hearing, vision, or mobility limitation) and assess the association between disability and hypertension. Overall, 34% of adults with disabilities had hypertension compared with 27% of adults without disabilities; adults with mobility limitations were more likely to have hypertension than adults without disabilities (adjusted prevalence ratio: 1.23; 95% confidence interval: 1.16–1.32). Our results suggest that adults living with disabilities are an important subpopulation to include in hypertension reporting and intervention efforts. PMID:25121351

Courtney-Long, Elizabeth; Gillespie, Cathleen; Armour, Brian S.

2014-01-01

189

Disability Measurement for Lymphatic Filariasis: A Review of Generic Tools Used within Morbidity Management Programs  

PubMed Central

Lymphatic filariasis (LF)-related disability affects 40 million people globally, making LF the leading cause of physical disability in the world. Despite this, there is limited research into how the impacts of LF-related disability are best measured. This article identifies the tools currently being used to measure LF-related disability and reviews their applicability against the known impacts of LF. The findings from the review show that the generic disability tools currently used by LF programs fail to measure the majority of known impacts of LF-related disability. The findings from the review support the development of an LF-specific disability measurement tool and raise doubt about the suitability of generic disability tools to assess disability related to neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) globally. PMID:23029569

Zeldenryk, Lynne; Gordon, Susan; Gray, Marion; Speare, Richard; Melrose, Wayne

2012-01-01

190

Culture and Disability Behavior  

PubMed Central

A substantial amount of literature suggests that illness behavior in the United States is a product of a patient's core culture; equally credible findings do not support this contention. Most students and graduates in the health care professions believe that illness and disability behavior are affected by a patient's culture, but they are hard put to find convincing examples of that relationship. In experience with medical students studying the social and cultural bases of illness behavior, with patients who are disabled and with persons who claim disability in the absence of physical disease or disabling psychopathology, I observed no deviant disability behavior that was typical for the members of any cultural group, and no behavior was displayed by the members of one cultural group that was not seen in members of other cultural groups. No cultural stereotypes were upheld. I did find evidence that disability behavior is influenced by personality factors, social situations and the gains derived from the disability status. Evolving concepts of “entitlement,” which are closely related to socioeconomic status, also have a significant influence. The impact of feedback from others in a person's many social and medical subcultures is a more crucial determinant of illness and disability behavior, except in those for whom illness and disability behavior is determined by the limitations imposed by the disease or by a personality structure resistant to cultural expectations and social feedback. PMID:6666106

Brodsky, Carroll M.

1983-01-01

191

Disability: a welfarist approach  

PubMed Central

In this paper, we offer a new account of disability. According to our account, some state of a person's biology or psychology is a disability if that state makes it more likely that a person's life will get worse, in terms of his or her own wellbeing, in a given set of social and environmental circumstances. Unlike the medical model of disability, our welfarist approach does not tie disability to deviation from normal species’ functioning, nor does it understand disability in essentialist terms. Like the social model of disability, the welfarist approach sees disability as a harmful state that results from the interaction between a person's biology and psychology and his or her surrounding environment. However, unlike the social model, it denies that the harm associated with disability is entirely due to social prejudice or injustice. In this paper, we outline and clarify the welfarist approach, answer common objections and illustrate its usefulness in addressing a range of difficult ethical questions involving disability. PMID:22140353

Savulescu, Julian; Kahane, Guy

2011-01-01

192

Disability and global development.  

PubMed

The United States invests billions of taxpayer dollars each year into foreign assistance programs that foster international diplomacy and development directed toward improving the quality of life for people around the world. These programs develop economies and combat poverty, promote democracy and governance, build new infrastructure, advance and protect human rights, among other development goals. The United States cannot effectively accomplish the goals of foreign assistance programs unless it undertakes measures to ensure that the programs are accessible to and inclusive of people with disabilities. The United States has been a leader in advancing the rights of people with disabilities and must continue to promote disability rights through its international development work. Overseas economic development will not be successful unless people with disabilities are included. Because of the significant number of people with disabilities in developing countries, if they are not included, the very economic growth the United States is trying to foster will be hindered. The goals of democracy and governance programs cannot be achieved without the inclusion of people with disabilities. In many countries, domestic law contains blatant discriminatory provisions for people with disabilities that undermine access to justice and full participation in society. The provisions that discriminate against people with disabilities include arbitrary exclusions in electoral codes, sweeping plenary guardianship laws with no due-process protections, discriminatory banking practices, and inaccessible court proceedings. National disability legal frameworks remain underdeveloped throughout the world. PMID:22726852

Durocher, Joan; Lord, Janet; Defranco, Allison

2012-07-01

193

Disability Employment Awareness Month: Census Bureau Data on Disability  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Census Bureau observes October as Disability Employment Awareness Month with statistics pertaining to disabled employees in the United States workforce. Almost one in five Americans, or 54 million, report that they have some kind of disability; 26 million say their disability is severe. During the employable years, between the ages of 21 and 64, 82 percent of non-disabled Americans held jobs or businesses, as compared with 77 percent of those with nonsevere disabilities, and 26 percent of Americans with severe disabilities. In 1991, only 23 percent of Americans with severe disabilities had jobs, representing a three percent rise.

194

DISABILITY OFFICE Statement of Service  

E-print Network

and professional information and guidance service for potential and enrolled students with disabilities, specific to claim Disabled Students' Allowances Advice and assistance on organising academic support of your student experience Disability Office #12;o Special examination arrangements o Academic support

Martin, Ralph R.

195

Major peripheral nerve injuries.  

PubMed

Major peripheral nerve injuries in the upper extremities can result in significant morbidity. Understanding the pathophysiology of these injuries aids in the assessment and planning of appropriate treatment. With limited nerve mobilization, tension-free repairs can often be performed using sutures, fibrin glue, or nerve connectors. Acellular allograft and autograft reconstruction are better for bridging any gaps greater than a few millimeters. Adherence to proper principles of nerve repair improves the chances of achieving a favorable result, although in general these injuries portend a guarded prognosis. PMID:23895717

Isaacs, Jonathan

2013-08-01

196

Self-Esteem of Children and Adolescents with Physical Disabilities: Quantitative Evidence from Meta-Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous studies on self-esteem of young people with physical disabilities have yielded discrepant results. There is a need for the succinct synthesis of the studies to understand the relationship between physical disabilities and self-esteem. This study aimed to examine the effects of minor physical disabilities (e.g., clumsiness, developmental coordination disorder) on different domains of self-esteem, and major physical disabilities (e.g,

Motohide Miyahara; Jan Piek

2006-01-01

197

Disability and comorbidity: diagnoses and symptoms associated with disability in a clinical population with panic disorder.  

PubMed

Background. Anxiety disorders are associated with considerable disability in the domains of (1) work, (2) social, and (3) family and home interactions. Psychiatric comorbidity is also known to be associated with disability. Methods. Data from the Cross-National Collaborative Panic Study was used to identify rates of comorbid diagnoses, anxiety and depression symptom ratings, and Sheehan disability scale ratings from a clinical sample of 1165 adults with panic disorder. Results. Comorbid diagnoses of agoraphobia, major depression, and social phobia were associated with disability across the three domains of work, social, and family and home interactions. The symptom of agoraphobic avoidance makes the largest contribution to disability but there is no single symptom cluster that entirely predicts impairment and disability. Limitations. The findings about the relative contributions that comorbid diagnoses make to disability only apply to a population with panic disorder. Conclusions. Although panic disorder is not generally considered to be among the serious and persistent mental illnesses, when it is comorbid with other diagnoses, it is associated with considerable impairment. In particular, the presence of agoraphobic avoidance should alert the clinician to the likelihood of important functional impairment. When measuring the functional impact of comorbid anxiety disorders, both the categorical and the dimensional approaches to diagnosis make valuable contributions. PMID:24829902

Bonham, Caroline A; Uhlenhuth, Eberhard

2014-01-01

198

Practical Issues in Mobile Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Practitioners interested in integrating mobile technology effectively into distance learning programs need to consider both the benefits and limitations of such devices. This paper outlines some major limitations of mobile devices and suggests strategies to mitigate them such as chunking information, using appropriate organizational techniques, reducing the number of required actions, and improving ease of use. Properly planned integration of

Marguerite L. Koole

2006-01-01

199

Mobile Device Policy & Program Considerations  

E-print Network

their personal devices. However, formulating an enterprise mobility strategy that incorporates BYOD should & productivity. An understanding of end-user needs and customer service requirements will be essential. Organizations will have to consider these major factors in creating their mobility programs and policies: What

Fisher, Kathleen

200

Syrtis Major  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A prominent dark, triangular albedo feature (dark by contrast with its surroundings) on the Martian equator, centered approximately at 10 °N, 70 °E. It takes its name from the historical name for the larger of two quicksands off the North African coast. Syrtis Major is prominent in telescopic views of the planet, and was in fact the first feature of Mars ever to be recorded, in a sketch made by C...

Murdin, P.

2000-11-01

201

Research into Telecommunications Options for People with Physical Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

People with a disability do not have equitable access to the modern telecommunication medium. Many experience difficulty typing, handling the phone, dialing, or answering calls. For those who are unable to speak, the only option is to type messages using whatever functional control site exists on their body. The provision of accessible mobile

Nguyen, Toan; Garrett, Rob; Downing, Andrew; Walker, Lloyd; Hobbs, David

2007-01-01

202

Dads and Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This theme issue focuses on the relationship of fathers and their children with disabilities. It reports a study of 86 Kansas fathers of children (ages 5 to 8) with and without disabilities. The study was conducted in order to identify more options for fathers wishing to increase their involvement with their children. The study sent surveys of…

Higgins, Cindy, Ed.

1995-01-01

203

The Disabled: Media's Monster.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From the early nineteenth century to the present, horror, gangster, and adventure films, television, the comics, and newspapers have shown physical and mental disabilities to connote murder, violence, and danger. Such false portrayals have promoted negative public attitudes toward people with disabilities. (Author/MJL)

Bogdan, Robert; And Others

1982-01-01

204

Cart Service Daytime Disability  

E-print Network

service for UA affiliates with a temporary or perma- nent disability who require transportation around locations, see inside map. When does the Cart Service operate? Hours of operation are Monday through Friday and meet the following requirements: - Individuals with permanent disabilities should contact

Wong, Pak Kin

205

Learning Disabilities: Lifelong Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains papers on learning disabilities based on presentations made at the "Summit on Learning Disabilities: A National Responsibility," held in September 1994. The first section provides an overview and includes "The State of Research" (G. Reid Lyon). The second section focuses on education and includes: "Preventing Early Reading…

Cramer, Shirley C., Ed.; Ellis, William, Ed.

206

Disability Employment 101  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Business is about productivity and maintaining a competitive advantage. To do this, business needs qualified workers. Hiring people with disabilities adds value to a business and will attract new customers. Disability is not inability. Employers can make sound business decisions and gain a competitive advantage by using this guide to increase the…

US Department of Education, 2007

2007-01-01

207

Are Learning Disabled Students \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research has indicated that students in many cases can answer reading comprehension test questions correctly without having read the accompanying passage. The present research compared, in two experiments, the ability of learning disabled (LD) students and more typical age peers to answer such reading comprehension questions presented independently of reading passages. In Study 1, learning disabled students scored appreciably

Thomas E. Scruggs; Steve Lifson

1986-01-01

208

Individual Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following workshop presentations consider learning disabilities: "Educational Goals of the Perceptually Handicapped" by Marianne Frostig, "Remediation of Reading Problems" by Gilbert Schiffman, "Early Identification of Learning Disabilities" by Katrina de Hirsch, and "What Are Some Speech and Hearing Considerations? by John Irwin. (JD)

Frostig, Marianne; And Others

209

Information For Disabled  

E-print Network

the Disability and Dyslexia Support Service. The Service facilitates students' full inclusion in academic life and Dyslexia Support Service? 3 2. How to contact us 4 3. Applying to the university and accessing support 5 a/from the University 30 l. Securing personal care support 31 Index 32 #12;3 1. What is the Disability and Dyslexia

Li, Yi

210

Disciplining Students with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discipline in schools can be difficult, especially when dealing with students with disabilities. In fact, Clash (2006) reported that working with students with disabilities under stringent legal demands has become a source of stress for many principals. The typical principal has not received extensive preservice or inservice training in this area.…

Burton, Janieth

2012-01-01

211

Analysis of Handoff Mechanisms in Mobile IP  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One of the most important challenges in mobile Internet Protocol (IP) is to provide service for a mobile node to maintain its connectivity to network when it moves from one domain to another. IP is responsible for routing packets across network. The first major version of IP is the Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4). It is one of the dominant protocols relevant to wireless network. Later a newer version of IP called the IPv6 was proposed. Mobile IPv6 is mainly introduced for the purpose of mobility. Mobility management enables network to locate roaming nodes in order to deliver packets and maintain connections with them when moving into new domains. Handoff occurs when a mobile node moves from one network to another. It is a key factor of mobility because a mobile node can trigger several handoffs during a session. This paper briefly explains on mobile IP and its handoff issues, along with the drawbacks of mobile IP.

Jayaraj, Maria Nadine Simonel; Issac, Biju; Haldar, Manas Kumar

2011-06-01

212

Using iPads with Students with Disabilities: Lessons Learned from Students, Teachers, and Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of mobile technology has increased greatly in recent years. Although the research in this area is still in its infancy, preliminary studies are showing a positive impact on the skills and academic engagement of students with disabilities. This column provides an overview of a selection of research studies involving mobile devices such as…

Draper Rodríguez, Cathi; Strnadová, Iva; Cumming, Therese

2014-01-01

213

OPTIONAL FORM: Documenting Disability Disability Resource Center  

E-print Network

a diagnosis, rule out emotional, attention, or motivational problems that might interfere with academic to support requested accommodations. The information you provide will become part of the student the student in an academic setting. 5. If this student is taking medications(s) for his or her disability

Fay, Noah

214

Disability on Irish farms--a real concern.  

PubMed

Farmers operate within hazardous environments while conducting their day-to-day tasks, potentially resulting in injury or disability. Disability can serve as a major life-changing event for the farmer, the farm family, and the farm business. In Ireland, the agricultural sector reported the highest incidence of disability, yet there is relatively little known on the impact of agricultural-based disability. In 2007, a questionnaire was appended to the Teagasc (Irish Agricultural and Food Development Authority) National Farm Survey to obtain some metric of the prevalence and impact of disability on Irish farms, in addition to quantifying service/support requirements of farm operators experiencing disability. Almost 5.9% (approximately 6611) of Irish farm operators reported disability, primarily caused through illness/disease. Arthritis (31.4%), back problems (17%), and heart circulatory problems (12.5%) were most frequently reported. The lowest prevalence of disability was found among tillage (1.4%) and dairy (4.1%) farms, with the highest prevalence among cattle farms (7.1%). Family farm income was lower on disability-experiencing farms relative to nondisability farms (123 euros per hectare), with a lower participation in off-farm employment also identified. Many farm operators (approximately 20%) ceased off-farm employment following disability. Discontinuation of off-farm employment can further precipitate family farm income decline, but also place additional pressures on the farm business if quality services/supports are not available. The current provision of services/supports to farm operators experiencing disability is perceived largely insufficient across the entire service/support spectrum from when disability was first experienced through to retirement. Awareness and issues surrounding eligibility were the primary reasons for failing to avail of currently available service/supports. PMID:19437272

Whelan, Shane; Ruane, Dermot J; McNamara, John; Kinsella, Anne; McNamara, Angela

2009-01-01

215

Syrtis Major  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

(Released 1 May 2002) The Science This image is from the region of Syrtis Major, which is dominated by a low-relief shield volcano. This area is believed to be an area of vigorous aeolian activity with strong winds in the east-west direction. The effects of these winds are observed as relatively bright streaks across the image, extending from topographic features such as craters. The brighter surface material probably indicates a smaller relative particle size in these areas, as finer particles have a higher albedo. The bright streaks seen off of craters are believed to have formed during dust storms. A raised crater rim can cause a reduction in the wind velocity directly behind it, which results in finer particles being preferentially deposited in this location. In the top half of the image, there is a large bright streak that crosses the entire image. There is no obvious topographic obstacle, therefore it is unclear whether it was formed in the same manner as described above. This image is located northwest of Nili Patera, a large caldera in Syrtis Major. Different flows from the caldera eruptions can be recognized as raised ridges, representing the edge of a flow lobe. The Story In the 17th century, Holland was in its Golden Age, a time of cultural greatness and immense political and economic influence in the world. In that time, lived a inquisitive person named Christian Huygens. As a boy, he loved to draw and to figure out problems in mathematics. As a man, he used these talents to make the first detailed drawings of the Martian surface - - only 50 years or so after Galileo first turned his telescope on Mars. Mars suddenly became something other than a small red dot in the sky. One of the drawings Huygens made was of a dark marking on the red planet's surface named Syrtis Major. Almost 350 years later, here we are with an orbiter that can show us this place in detail. Exploration lives! It's great we can study this area up close. In earlier periods of history, scientists were fascinated with Syrtis Major because this dark region varied so much through the seasons and years. Some people thought it might be a changing sea, and others thought it might be vegetation. Early spacecraft like Mariner and Viking revealed for the first time that the changes were caused by the wind blowing dust and sand across the surface. What we can see in this image is exactly that: evidence of a lot of wind action. Bright dust patches streak across this image, formed through wind interference from craters and other landforms. These wispy, bright streaks are spread on the surface by a vigorous, east-west wind that kicked up huge dust storms, scattering the fine particles of sand and dust in an almost etherial pattern. The bright streaks in the top part of the image might have formed in a slightly different way, because there is no landform standing in the wind's way. Beneath the bright surface dust are raised ridges that mark the edges of earlier lava flows from Nili Patera, a Martian 'caldera.' A caldera is a collapsed, bowl-shaped depression at the top of a volcano cone. Can you imagine how Christian Huygens would feel if he lived today and could see all of this knowledge unfold? Or how it would feel to be the first person to stand in this dark volcanic and cratered region, knowing how many discovers had paved the way to that moment? Yes, exploration lives!

2002-01-01

216

Breaking for Commercials: Characterizing Mobile Advertising  

E-print Network

Mobile application (app) markets have been a major success and adoption factor for smartphones, allowing revenues related to mobile apps. In particu- lar, considering that 73% of the apps in Google Play are free and displayed at various points during use. The adoption of the ad model in mobile apps has strong implications

Hand, Steven

217

Modeling Delivery Delay for Flooding in Mobile  

E-print Network

Modeling Delivery Delay for Flooding in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks TR-UTEDGE-2009-004 Taesoo Jun for Flooding in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Taesoo Jun, Nirmalya Roy, and Christine Julien The Center for Excellence. In mobile networks, a major component of many of these routing protocols is some form of flooding, which

Julien, Christine

218

Shifting Patterns of Student Mobility in Asia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the past decade, Asia--traditionally one of the largest exporters of mobile students--has experienced major changes in student mobility within higher education. As the worldwide competition for international students has escalated, many Asian countries have adopted a wide range of mechanisms and strategies in facilitating student mobility.…

Chan, Sheng-Ju

2012-01-01

219

Disability Service University of Glasgow  

E-print Network

and support disabled students as well as to promote disability equality within their School The role of DC effectively. The Role To be the central point of contact within the School for individual disabled students to relevant staff members and actioned, where appropriate. To refer students to the Disability Service

Guo, Zaoyang

220

Paralympic Athletes and “Knowing Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores non-disabled young people’s understandings of Paralympic athletes and the disability sports they play. The article examines how society has come to know disability by discussing medical and social model views of disability. The conceptual tools offered by Pierre Bourdieu are utilised as a means of understanding the nature and value of capital afforded to Paralympic athletes and

Hayley Fitzgerald

2012-01-01

221

SERVICES FOR STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES  

E-print Network

SERVICES FOR STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES SERVICES FOR STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES University of Nebraska Student Documentation of Disability To be eligible for disability-related services, students must syndrome, emotional or mental illness, and certain learning disorders. The University of Nebraska's Student

Farritor, Shane

222

Reflections on Growing Up Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The book offers firsthand accounts of the experiences and perceptions of disabled persons, as well as the views of parents of disabled children. Entries include the following titles: "Reflections of Disabled Children" (J. Umbreit and D. Baker); "The Handicap That Had No Name" (D. Brown); "Orthopedically Disabled: Determination on Wheels" (D.…

Jones, Reginald L., Ed.

223

Paralympic Athletes and "Knowing Disability"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores non-disabled young people's understandings of Paralympic athletes and the disability sports they play. The article examines how society has come to know disability by discussing medical and social model views of disability. The conceptual tools offered by Pierre Bourdieu are utilised as a means of understanding the nature and…

Fitzgerald, Hayley

2012-01-01

224

Benzodiazepine Use and Physical Disability in Community-Dwelling Older Adults  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES To determine whether benzodiazepine use is associated with incident disability in mobility and activities of daily living (ADLs) in older individuals. DESIGN A prospective cohort study. SETTING Four sites of the Established Populations for Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly. PARTICIPANTS This study included 9,093 subjects (aged ?65) who were not disabled in mobility or ADLs at baseline. MEASUREMENTS Mobility disability was defined as inability to walk half a mile or climb one flight of stairs. ADL disability was defined as inability to perform one or more basic ADLs (bathing, eating, dressing, transferring from a bed to a chair, using the toilet, or walking across a small room). Trained interviewers assessed outcomes annually. RESULTS At baseline, 5.5% of subjects reported benzodiazepine use. In multivariable models, benzodiazepine users were 1.23 times as likely as nonusers (95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.09–1.39) to develop mobility disability and 1.28 times as likely (95% CI = 1.09–1.52) to develop ADL disability. Risk for incident mobility was increased with short- (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.27, 95% CI = 1.08–1.50) and long-acting benzodiazepines (HR = 1.20, 95% CI = 1.03–1.39) and no use. Risk for ADL disability was greater with short- (HR = 1.58, 95% CI = 1.25–2.01) but not long-acting (HR = 1.11, 95% CI = 0.89–1.39) agents than for no use. CONCLUSION Older adults taking benzodiazepines have a greater risk for incident mobility and ADL disability. Use of short-acting agents does not appear to confer any safety benefits over long-acting agents. PMID:16460372

Gray, Shelly L.; LaCroix, Andrea Z.; Hanlon, Joseph T.; Penninx, Brenda W. J. H.; Blough, David K.; Leveille, Suzanne G.; Artz, Margaret B.; Guralnik, Jack M.; Buchner, Dave M.

2008-01-01

225

Mobile computing \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Design competitions offer students an excellent way to gain hands-on experience in engineering and computer science courses. The University of Florida, in partnership with Motorola, has held two mobile computing design competitions. In Spring and Fall 2001, students in Abdelsalam Helal's Mobile Computing class designed killer apps for a Motorola smart phone.

S. F. Midkiff

2002-01-01

226

EBSCOhost Mobile  

Microsoft Academic Search

The explosive growth in mobile technology coupled with widespread adoption among students, librarians, medical professionals, and corporate users means that research database providers need to be where the users are. EBSCO host Mobile was designed and developed to provide EBSCO host database users with a platform that makes the power of EBSCO host and its content highly accessible on the

Ron Burns; Sara Rofofsky Marcus

2010-01-01

227

Disability and the transition to adulthood: issues for the disabled child, the family, and the pediatrician.  

PubMed

The pediatrician treating a child with a disability must focus not only on the physical needs of the child but also on the emotional and social issues associated with being disabled in our society. This dual focus becomes increasingly important as the child matures through adolescence and transitions into adulthood. In addition, the pediatrician must understand the complex interrelationships between the family and their maturing, disabled child during the vital process of separation from the family. This transition is particularly difficult for an adolescent who is dependent on others for physical care and other independent living skills. Many of the transitional problems faced by disabled adolescents and their parents have roots in early childhood. With an awareness of the specific stressors on the parent caregivers and an understanding of the influence of disability on the developmental processes, the pediatrician can play a major role in easing the transition of a disabled adolescent into adulthood. By guiding the parents of a young child through the important tasks of childhood and adolescence, the pediatrician can set the stage for both the parents and their disabled child to have independent, yet supportive lives--lives that are focused not on the disability but on mutual respect and life satisfaction. It is recommended that disabled teens and young adults be given more help in independence skills, personal counseling services should be made available, and physicians should give teens age-appropriate information about disabilities. There are needs for sex education, preparation for parenthood, and genetic counseling. Other issues that should be addressed are early vocational awareness, alternatives to work, and leisure time use. Just because an adolescent is disabled, we cannot assume that he or she will have self-esteem and self-concept difficulties. To adjust to being devalued by society, the disabled person must challenge societal beliefs that strength, independence, and appearance are the essential aspects of a quality life. The importance of being kind, intelligent, and productive to one's capacity must become more important. (See Table 3 for additional resource information.) PMID:7720408

Hallum, A

1995-01-01

228

Mobile-ip Aeronautical Network Simulation Study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA is interested in applying mobile Internet protocol (mobile-ip) technologies to its space and aeronautics programs. In particular, mobile-ip will play a major role in the Advanced Aeronautic Transportation Technology (AATT), the Weather Information Communication (WINCOMM), and the Small Aircraft Transportation System (SATS) aeronautics programs. This report presents the results of a simulation study of mobile-ip for an aeronautical network. The study was performed to determine the performance of the transmission control protocol (TCP) in a mobile-ip environment and to gain an understanding of how long delays, handoffs, and noisy channels affect mobile-ip performance.

Ivancic, William D.; Tran, Diepchi T.

2001-01-01

229

The effect of smoking on the duration of life with and without disability, Belgium 1997-2011  

PubMed Central

Background Smoking is the single most important health threat yet there is no consistency as to whether non-smokers experience a compression of years lived with disability compared to (ex-)smokers. The objectives of the manuscript are (1) to assess the effect of smoking on the average years lived without disability (Disability Free Life Expectancy (DFLE)) and with disability (Disability Life Expectancy (DLE)) and (2) to estimate the extent to which these effects are due to better survival or reduced disability in never smokers. Methods Data on disability and mortality were provided by the Belgian Health Interview Survey 1997 and 2001 and a 10 years mortality follow-up of the survey participants. Disability was defined as difficulties in activities of daily living (ADL), in mobility, in continence or in sensory (vision, hearing) functions. Poisson and multinomial logistic regression models were fitted to estimate the probabilities of death and the prevalence of disability by age, gender and smoking status adjusted for socioeconomic position. The Sullivan method was used to estimate DFLE and DLE at age 30. The contribution of mortality and of disability to smoking related differences in DFLE and DLE was assessed using decomposition methods. Results Compared to never smokers, ex-smokers have a shorter life expectancy (LE) and DFLE but the number of years lived with disability is somewhat larger. For both sexes, the higher disability prevalence is the main contributing factor to the difference in DFLE and DLE. Smokers have a shorter LE, DFLE and DLE compared to never smokers. Both higher mortality and higher disability prevalence contribute to the difference in DFLE, but mortality is more important among males. Although both male and female smokers experience higher disability prevalence, their higher mortality outweighs their disability disadvantage resulting in a shorter DLE. Conclusion Smoking kills and shortens both life without and life with disability. Smoking related disability can however not be ignored, given its contribution to the excess years with disability especially in younger age groups. PMID:25026981

2014-01-01

230

Time to disable DALYs?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) has rapidly gained in popularity in health policy, and considerable research resources are being allocated to this field. Proponents of DALYs suggest that the measure can be used both as a \\

CarlHampus Lyttkens

2003-01-01

231

DisabilityInfo.gov  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On August 28, 2002, President George W. Bush issued an executive memorandum as part of the New Freedom Initiative that directed all federal agencies to cooperate in building an interagency Web portal for people with disabilities, their families, employers, and the general public. As a result of this directive, DisabilityInfo.gov was developed to service these different groups. The site is divided into ten broad thematic areas, including housing, education, health, technology, and civil rights. Within each area, visitors can look through a number of press releases and links dealing with each area and, in many cases, specifically addressing the rights of the disabled. The site includes a search engine and, appropriately enough, is also available in several different versions, including a high-contrast version. Finally, the site also contains a number of federal grant opportunities for persons and organizations serving and working on behalf of the disabled.

232

Accommodation Information by Disability  

MedlinePLUS

... Disabilities Leg Impairment Lyme Disease Little Person Liver Diseases Lupus M Marfan Syndrome Mental Health Impairments Migraine Headaches Multiple Chemical Sensitivity or Environmental Illness Multiple Sclerosis Muscular Dystrophy Myasthenia ... Disease Post-Polio Syndrome Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Pregnancy ...

233

Disabilities Act in Action.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eight true or false questions explore implications of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. Topics include AIDS, drug abuse, undue hardship, reasonable accommodation, and company size affected by the law. (SK)

Daynes, Kristine S.

1990-01-01

234

Intimacy and Disability.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The publication was designed as a guide for disabled people who are interested in developing and maintaining intimate relationships. It discusses self-image, body image, sexuality, meeting prospective partners, developing intimate relationships, and explo...

1982-01-01

235

Facts about Developmental Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... at a higher risk of also having an autism spectrum disorder. Low birthweight , premature birth, multiple birth, ... factors that may put children at risk for autism spectrum disorders and other developmental disabilities. Learn more ...

236

Employees with Learning Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... changes it to text on the computer screen Mathematics: An employee with a learning disability could have ... and efficiently. Use scratch paper to work out math problems Permit use of fractional, decimal, statistical, or ...

237

Drugs, discrimination and disability.  

PubMed

Whether addiction to prohibited drugs should be classified as a disability for the purposes of disability discrimination is a controversial question in Australia. The leading Australian case of Marsden v Human Rights Equal Opportunity Commission & Coffs Harbour & District Ex-Servicemen & Women's Memorial Club Ltd (HREOC, No H98/51, 30 August 1999); [2000] FCA 1619 concerned a disability discrimination complaint brought by Mr Marsden as a result of his treatment by the club. The case was brought as a public interest test case by the New South Wales Legal Aid Commission. Mr Marsden was on a methadone program at the time. The reasoning of the decision at the Federal Court opened the way for a finding that dependence on illegal drugs constituted a disability under disability discrimination legislation. The media reaction to the court's decision led to State and federal governments proposing legislation limiting legal protection from discrimination for people addicted to illegal drugs on the basis of their drug use. While the proposed federal legislation lapsed after objections from a coalition of medical, legal and other advocacy groups, the New South Wales legislation still provides that, in employment matters, it is not unlawful to discriminate against a person on the ground of disability if the disability relates to the person's addiction to a prohibited drug and the person is actually addicted to a prohibited drug at the time of the discrimination. The article details the sequence of events in the Marsden case, reflects on the role of public interest litigation in achieving social justice outcomes and suggests that Australia's recent ratification of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities on 17 July 2008 should encourage legislators to review legislation which may have a discriminatory effect on people suffering from addictions. PMID:20169800

Gibson, Frances

2009-12-01

238

Leadership Development for Women with Disabilities: Key Issues and Strategies in Leadership Training and Successful Participation in Microcredit Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

[Excerpt] In 1998 Mobility International USA (MIUSA) and the International Disability Exchange and Studies(IDEAS) 2000 Project awarded a fellowship funded by the U.S. National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR) to conduct a research project that would aim to examine questions of leadership development for women with disabilities, using data collected at MIUSA’s 1998 International Symposium on Microcredit for

Meenu Sikand

1998-01-01

239

Sports and disability.  

PubMed

Participation in recreational and competitive sports at an early age has long been touted as a positive influence on growth and development, and for fostering lifelong healthy lifestyles. The benefits of an active lifestyle include not only fitness, but the promotion of a sense of inclusion and improved self-esteem. These benefits are well documented in all populations, and their importance has been summarized in the recent Healthy People 2010 guidelines. The American Academy of Pediatrics has recently produced a summary statement on the benefits of activity for disabled children. They note that children with disabilities tend to have an overall lower level of fitness and an increased level of obesity. For this population, developing a lifelong desire to be active can be a simple means for limiting illness and much of the morbidity associated with sedentary lifestyles often associated with disability. For disabled youth, participation in disabled sports programs available nationally and internationally can be an effective means to promote such precepts. The goal of this focused review is to improve the learner's knowledge of the positive impact that active lifestyles can have on overall health in the disabled youth population and, as a result, modify their practice by incorporating recreational and competitive sport activities as part of improving overall patient care. PMID:20359679

Wilson, Pamela E; Clayton, Gerald H

2010-03-01

240

Disability in a Majority World Context: A materialist Colin Barnes  

E-print Network

, racism, heterosexist and all other forms of oppression it is a human creation. It is impossible; nations outside Europe, North America, Australia and New Zealand. This may be because applying western

Haase, Markus

241

Common Threads '93: Equitable Solutions...Because Disability Is a Natural Part of Human Experience. Proceedings of a National Conference on Rural Disability Issues (Missoula, Montana, September 10-13, 1993).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This proceedings contains presentations, workshop summaries, program profiles, and other highlights of a conference on rural disability issues. The major conference theme was the normalcy of having a disability. A plenary discussion developed a list of 17 rural community disability priorities. Keynote speeches were: (1) "Rural Economies and…

Dwyer, Kathy, Ed.; And Others

242

The Genetics of Major Depression  

PubMed Central

Major depression is the commonest psychiatric disorder and in the U.S. has the greatest impact of all biomedical diseases on disability. Here we review evidence of the genetic contribution to disease susceptibility and the current state of molecular approaches. Genome-wide association and linkage results provide constraints on the allele frequencies and effect sizes of susceptibility loci, which we use to interpret the voluminous candidate gene literature. We consider evidence for the genetic heterogeneity of the disorder and the likelihood that subtypes exist that represent more genetically homogenous conditions than have hitherto been analyzed. PMID:24507187

Flint, Jonathan; Kendler, Kenneth S.

2014-01-01

243

Mobile Website Overview Mobile Application Development Policy  

E-print Network

of University Communication May 29, 2012 #12;Mobile Web/Mobile App Development Policy Villanova University May .......................................................................................................................... 12 #12;Mobile Web/Mobile App Development Policy Villanova University May 29, 2012 Page 3 of 13 I accesses the mobile web. Native apps, in contrast, are permanently downloaded to mobile devices and must

Jackman, Todd

244

Illiteracy among adults with disabilities in the developing world: a review of the literature and a call for action  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the early 1990s, UNESCO estimated that perhaps 97% of the world's 650 million disabled persons were unable to read or write, leading to significant efforts throughout the developing world to ensure that all children with disabilities attended school through ‘inclusive education’ programmes. But what of the vast majority of persons with disabilities who now are adolescents or adults, well

Nora Ellen Groce; Parul Bakhshi

2011-01-01

245

A Westerner's Impression of the Place of People with a Disability in Asian Society  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From a Westerner's perspective of the place of people with a disability in Asian society, there are similarities and differences between the two societies. A major problem for the Asian countries is their lack of reliable disability prevalence data. The stigmatization of people with a disability remains an international problem and is not…

Parmenter, Trevor R.

2014-01-01

246

Mobile cinema  

E-print Network

This thesis develops techniques and methods that extend the art and craft of storytelling, and in particular enable the creation of mobile cinema. Stories are always constrained by the medium in which they are told and the ...

Pan, Pengkai, 1972-

2004-01-01

247

14 CFR 382.127 - What procedures apply to stowage of battery-powered mobility aids?  

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) SPECIAL REGULATIONS NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF DISABILITY IN AIR TRAVEL Stowage of Wheelchairs, Other Mobility Aids, and Other Assistive Devices § 382.127 What procedures apply to...

2014-01-01

248

Ubiquitous apps: politics of openness in global mobile cultures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Smartphones are a central element of mobile ubiquity, with mobile applications (‘apps’) becoming especially important. This article discusses the concept of iPhone apps, and other apps, as cultural platforms. Apps are highly significant for emerging cultures of mobile ubiquity, yet these platforms are constituted and controlled by major transnational global mobile media corporations. The article looks at the characteristics, constraints

Gerard Goggin

2011-01-01

249

Persons with disabilities, cancer screening and related factors.  

PubMed

The scope of this article is to describe persons with disabilities (PwD) being subjected to cancer screening and the relationship between some social variables and inequalities in performing these tests. A cross-sectional study of cancer screening among PwD was conducted in 2007 with 333 participants interviewed in residence in 4 cities of São Paulo. Variables in the practice of cancer screening, disabilities, gender, age, income of main family breadwinner, ethnicity, use of health services, assistance required, private health insurance, and coverage by the family health program were studied. Frequencies, ?²-test, trend ?² percentages and the Odds Ratios (OR) were used for data analysis. 44% of PwD attended at least one cancer screening at the appropriate time. Persons with visual disabilities and with hearing disabilities were subjected to more screening examinations than those with mobility disabilities and women were attended in screening exams more than men. Persons between the ages of 21 and 60 reported cancer screening more frequently than those between 80 and 97 years of age. The outcomes indicate that PwD have different attitudes toward cancer screening according to the type of disability, gender, and age, which were the variables that directly influenced cancer screening exams. PMID:24263886

de Castro, Shamyr Sulyvan; Cieza, Alarcos; Cesar, Chester Luiz Galvão

2013-12-01

250

Motivation of disabled athletes to participate in triathlons.  

PubMed

25 competitors in the Fifth National Triathlon for the Physically Challenged responded to a questionnaire regarding their previous and current exercise and participation in sports. Analysis showed that the majority had been active before the onset of disability and that the encouragement and motivation provided by other physically disabled individuals was the consistent factor in their own initial rehabilitation and subsequent participation in sports. PMID:8488223

Furst, D M; Ferr, T; Megginson, N

1993-04-01

251

INDIE: Integrated Network of Disability Information and Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Indie CyberAide Inc. provides this meta-site, which contains briefly annotated pointers to disability resources in fourteen major categories, including adaptive technology, disability type, employment, recreation, and transportation. Each category is divided into subcategories and there are pointers to hundreds of resources. INDIE supports keyword searching and is available in both English and French with graphic and text-only page options available from the main page, which is itself text-only.

1997-01-01

252

Bridging the Gap between Disability Studies and Disability Services in Higher Education: A Model Center on Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The professional field of Disability Services in Higher Education and the academic discipline of Disability Studies share a perspective on disability that considers disability as a socially constructed phenomenon. Despite this common underpinning, there has been little effort or inquiry into the ways that disability services and Disability Studies…

Strauss, Alan L.; Sales, Amos

2010-01-01

253

[Gastrointestinal disorders in children with cerebral palsy and neurodevelopmental disabilities].  

PubMed

Recent data suggest that, contrary to initial expectations with improvements in perinatal medicine, the prevalence of cerebral palsy has not decreased over the last 20 years. Gastrointestinal disorders are a major chronic problem in most of children with cerebral palsy and in children with neurodevelopmental disabilities. A multidisciplinary approach, with input from neurologists, gastroenterologists, nurses, dieticians and other specialists, can make a major contribution to the medical wellbeing and quality of life of these children and their caregivers. This article focuses on diagnostic methods and therapeutic options available for major nutritional and gastrointestinal problems in patients with neurological disabilities: gastroesophageal reflux, constipation and swallowing disorders. PMID:20817582

González Jiménez, D; Díaz Martin, J J; Bousoño García, C; Jiménez Treviño, S

2010-12-01

254

Disability Studies, Disabled People and the Struggle for Inclusion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper traces the relationship between the emergence of disability studies and the struggle for meaningful inclusion for disabled people with particular reference to the work of a pivotal figure in these developments: Len Barton. It is argued that the links between disability activism and the academy were responsible for the emergence of…

Oliver, Mike; Barnes, Colin

2010-01-01

255

Web accessibility for people with cognitive disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This pilot study investigated individuals with developmental cognitive disabilities (DCD) navigating W3C accessibility-compliant Web sites and the impact of four cognitive determinants: situation awareness, spatial awareness, task-set switching, and anticipated system response. Participants were placed into one of two search conditions and were asked to complete information-finding tasks. The usability evaluation demonstrated that the majority of users with DCD were

Jeon Small; Pamela Schallau; Karen Brown; Richard Appleyard

2005-01-01

256

Commentary on measuring disability.  

PubMed

This is a commentary on 5 articles in this issue of Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation that report on several related studies of new approaches to measuring disability. The project was grounded in theory, beginning with the development of a conceptual framework enhanced by a literature review and expert consultation within and outside of the Social Security Administration. The investigators then used item response theory to develop test items, which they organized into computer adaptive testing instruments and tested them for their psychometric properties. All in all, it is a groundbreaking set of studies and an enormously valuable contribution to the field. Hopefully it will also be tested as an alternative approach to assessing disability in the Social Security Administration disability benefits programs. PMID:23770279

Goldman, Howard H

2013-09-01

257

Disability, Disorder, and Identity  

PubMed Central

The World Health Organizations International Classification of Diseases is the most important diagnostic tool, worldwide, to ensure that people with intellectual and developmental disabilities receive the supports they need to live richer, fuller lives. And yet, the ICD has naming conventions that create a conundrum for the field, requiring that all “conditions” in the ICD be named as a “disorder.” This article discusses the effect of naming on how people with intellectual disability are perceived by others and how they perceive themselves. The importance of continuing to move the field toward the adoption of functional/person-environment fit models of disability is discussed. “What’s in a name? That which we call a rose by any other name would smell as sweet.”William Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet (II, ii, 1–2) PMID:23537360

Wehmeyer, Michael L.

2014-01-01

258

Women with Disabilities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new site from the National Women's Health Information Center offers a plethora of resources of interest to women with disabilities and those who work and live with them. Divided into topical areas such as abuse, parenting, and sexuality, the site has a range of information about different types of disabilities and how they may particularly affect women. Also provided is information on federal laws and regulations that protect those with disabilities as well as extensive lists of services and support resources. A section on statistics may prove especially useful to researchers and educators. This site has literally hundreds of helpful links and publications and will be useful to both the general public and professionals.

259

Essays on disability and employment  

E-print Network

This dissertation consists of three essays which examine the impact of public policy on labor market outcomes of those with disabilities. The first essay analyzes a microlending program for people with disabilities in ...

Thompkins, Allison V. (Allison Victoria)

2011-01-01

260

Guide to Disability Rights Laws  

MedlinePLUS

... Act (ADA) The ADA prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in employment, State and local government, ... the EEOC. Charges of employment discrimination on the basis of disability may be filed at any U.S. ...

261

Disability and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome  

MedlinePLUS

... patients with CFS. Disability Evaluation Under Social Security (Blue Book - September 2008) The SSA has prepared the Disability Evaluation Under Social Security (known as the Blue Book) to help physicians and healthcare professionals understand ...

262

People with Disabilities: Living Healthy  

MedlinePLUS

... this? Submit Button CDC Features People with Disabilities: Living Healthy Share Compartir If you are living with ... Internet. Tips for Leading a Long and Healthy Life Children and adults with disabilities are less likely ...

263

Exercise intervention to prevent falls and enhance mobility in community dwellers after stroke: a protocol for a randomised controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background Stroke is the most common disabling neurological condition in adults. Falls and poor mobility are major contributors to stroke-related disability. Falls are more frequent and more likely to result in injury among stroke survivors than among the general older population. Currently there is good evidence that exercise can enhance mobility after stroke, yet ongoing exercise programs for general community-based stroke survivors are not routinely available. This randomised controlled trial will investigate whether exercise can reduce fall rates and increase mobility and physical activity levels in stroke survivors. Methods and design Three hundred and fifty community dwelling stroke survivors will be recruited. Participants will have no medical contradictions to exercise and be cognitively and physically able to complete the assessments and exercise program. After the completion of the pre-test assessment, participants will be randomly allocated to one of two intervention groups. Both intervention groups will participate in weekly group-based exercises and a home program for twelve months. In the lower limb intervention group, individualised programs of weight-bearing balance and strengthening exercises will be prescribed. The upper limb/cognition group will receive exercises aimed at management and improvement of function of the affected upper limb and cognition carried out in the seated position. The primary outcome measures will be falls (measured with 12 month calendars) and mobility. Secondary outcome measures will be risk of falling, physical activity levels, community participation, quality of life, health service utilisation, upper limb function and cognition. Discussion This study aims to establish and evaluate community-based sustainable exercise programs for stroke survivors. We will determine the effects of the exercise programs in preventing falls and enhancing mobility among people following stroke. This program, if found to be effective, has the potential to be implemented within existing community services. Trial registration The protocol for this study is registered with the Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry (ACTRN12606000479505). PMID:19624858

Dean, Catherine M; Rissel, Chris; Sharkey, Michelle; Sherrington, Catherine; Cumming, Robert G; Barker, Ruth N; Lord, Stephen R; O'Rourke, Sandra D; Kirkham, Catherine

2009-01-01

264

A survey of California nursing programs: admission and accommodation policies for students with disabilities.  

PubMed

A survey study was conducted to investigate the admission and accommodation policies of nursing programs for students with disabilities. Surveys were sent to 130 Board of Registered Nursing–approved nursing programs throughout California. Sixty-five (50%) of the surveys were returned and completed. Of the major findings of the study, learning disabilities were the most common type of disability reported. Testing time accommodations and a quiet environment were the most frequently requested and received accommodations. Seventy-two percent of nursing programs reported they have encountered students with disabilities who do not self-disclose or ask for accommodations. Most accommodations requested and received by students were classroom related. Few students with physical disabilities were reported as enrolled in nursing programs, possibly suggesting that prospective students with physical disabilities may not meet the physical requirements for nursing programs. Other reasons for underenrollment of students with disabilities should be explored, as well as reasons for nondisclosure. PMID:23359899

Betz, Cecily L; Smith, Kathryn A; Bui, Kim

2012-12-01

265

"I speak a different dialect": teen explanatory models of difference and disability.  

PubMed

What do teens with disabilities believe about their conditions, and what do they understand to be the causes, correlates, and consequences of disability? We elicited a cultural explanatory model (EM) of disability from a longitudinal sample of 23 European American adolescents with varied cognitive disabilities and delay. We asked teens how they were similar to or different from others; the name of this difference; its causes, severity, course, effects, associated problems and benefits; and need for treatment. IQ and type of disability strongly affected quality of responses only from the lowest functioning teens. A majority of teens had a reasonably rich and coherent EM, blending typical and disability themes of cultural knowledge and identity. The EM is a window into social context (schools, services, parents, and peers) as well as personal experience. Eliciting explanatory models from teens with disabilities is not only possible but also can enhance understanding of identity, family influence, and appropriate services. PMID:12703388

Daley, Tamara C; Weisner, Thomas S

2003-03-01

266

Disability Policy Matters September 2012  

E-print Network

Disability Policy Matters DISABILITY AND WORK September 2012 Research Brief A joint publication with Disabilities Seeking Employment and PublicTransportation: Findings of a New Jersey Survey by Andrea Lubin Over -- with an emphasis on those related to public transit use -- hindering respondent job search and employment

Hanson, Stephen José

267

Disability Discrimination in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews court cases in 1999 related to disability discrimination in higher education focusing on the Americans with Disabilities Act and section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. The "Garrett" case regarding Eleventh Amendment immunity is the case most likely to be significant in the development of the law of disability discrimination. (SLD)

Weber, Mark C.

2000-01-01

268

Disability Studies and Art Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article promotes the field of disability studies as a valuable resource for expanding art education's concept of disability and as a promising venue for interdisciplinary dialogue. While art education has persistently supported special education since its inception, disability advocacy has advanced in the past two decades toward…

Derby, John

2011-01-01

269

Familial Patterns of Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pedigree analysis of 12 young adults (9 of whom had learning disabilities) indicated that learning disability (LD) was strongly familial but that the type of disability (reading or math) was not directly inherited. Autoimmune disorders were significantly correlated with LD. In seven of the LD families, adults failed to overcome earlier reading and…

Smith, Sandra

1992-01-01

270

Resources to Support Disabled Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With 4 to 6 percent of all students in the nation's public schools classified as having specific learning disabilities, according to the Learning Disabilities Association of America (LDA), most teachers can expect to have students who are learning disabled in their classrooms. This presents a challenge to teachers and administrators alike, who are…

Dessoff, Alan

2008-01-01

271

The Gifted Learning Disabled Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of articles on gifted learning disabled students begins with an explanation of the philosophy of the Center for Talented Youth at Johns Hopkins University (Maryland), a list of characteristics of gifted disabled students, and three definitions of learning disabilities. The following papers are then provided: "Gifted but Learning…

1994

272

Decoding, Reading, and Reading Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To clarify the role of decoding in reading and reading disability, a model of reading is proposed, which holds that reading equals the product of decoding and comprehension. Three types of reading disability are posited, resulting from an inability to decode (dyslexia), an inability to comprehend (hyperlexia), or both (reading disability).…

Gough, Philip B.; Tunmer, William E.

1986-01-01

273

Economic Theories of Disability Benefits  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within government social welfare policies and programs, disability has frequently been defined and addressed as an economic issue, linked to the ability (or inability) to work. This article comprises a brief review of literature concerned with economic theories related to disability, with a primary focus on public disability benefits. The explanatory theories of rational choice, supply and demand, and moral

Sara E. Kimberlin; Mary Ager

2009-01-01

274

Disability services: supporting international students  

E-print Network

Disability services: supporting international students #12;World rankings aside, word of mouth a particular higher education institution (HEI). Providing an inclusive environment for disabled international be taken to enhance equity in support for disabled students based on research findings from six Scottish

Mottram, Nigel

275

Literary Characters Who Are Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Determines which specific disability categories appear most often in literature, when they appear, and which authors have contributed most to their appearance. Physical disabilities have been portrayed most often, followed by alcoholism and sensory disorders. Most portrayals of disabilities appeared between 1900 and 1949 and Charles Dickens wrote…

Byrd, Keith; And Others

1986-01-01

276

Specific Learning Disabilities: A Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The handbook provides information to aid both regular and special education teachers in managing the curriculum for learning disabled students. Section I provides an introduction to the area of specific learning disabilities with chapters on the diagnostic process and on the distinction between slow learners and specific learning disabilities.…

George Washington Univ., Washington, DC. Special Education Instructional Materials Center.

277

Using a Body-Fixed Sensor to Identify Subclinical Gait Difficulties in Older Adults with IADL Disability: Maximizing the Output of the Timed Up and Go  

PubMed Central

Objective The identification and documentation of subclinical gait impairments in older adults may facilitate the appropriate use of interventions for preventing or delaying mobility disability. We tested whether measures derived from a single body-fixed sensor worn during traditional Timed Up and Go (TUG) testing could identify subclinical gait impairments in community dwelling older adults without mobility disability. Methods We used data from 432 older adults without dementia (mean age 83.30±7.04 yrs, 76.62% female) participating in the Rush Memory and Aging Project. The traditional TUG was conducted while subjects wore a body-fixed sensor. We derived measures of overall TUG performance and different subtasks including transitions (sit-to-stand, stand-to-sit), walking, and turning. Multivariate analysis was used to compare persons with and without mobility disability and to compare individuals with and without Instrumental Activities of Daily Living disability (IADL-disability), all of whom did not have mobility disability. Results As expected, individuals with mobility disability performed worse on all TUG subtasks (p<0.03), compared to those who had no mobility disability. Individuals without mobility disability but with IADL disability had difficulties with turns, had lower yaw amplitude (p<0.004) during turns, were slower (p<0.001), and had less consistent gait (p<0.02). Conclusions A single body-worn sensor can be employed in the community-setting to complement conventional gait testing. It provides a wide range of quantitative gait measures that appear to help to identify subclinical gait impairments in older adults. PMID:23922665

Weiss, Aner; Mirelman, Anat; Buchman, Aron S.; Bennett, David A.; Hausdorff, Jeffrey M.

2013-01-01

278

Management of disabilities associated with achondroplasia.  

PubMed

Achondroplasia is a skeletal dysplasia that manifests as short stature. Impairment and complications range over many disciplines including orthopedics, pediatrics, neurology, and otolaryngology. The major impairments of the extremities are short limbs, limited elbow and hip extension, and knee and leg deformities that can cause disabilities in arm function and locomotion. Hydrocephalus, a narrow foramen magnum, spinal deformity, and spinal canal stenosis can cause neurological problems, leading to disabilities in locomotion, communication, and learning. Malfunctions of the otolaryngeal system such as otitis media, upper respiratory obstruction, deafness, speech delay, and malocclusion are interrelated and can also lead to disabilities in communication and learning. Although such disabilities may cause social handicaps, most children receive a normal education. Their social maturity scale is comparable to that of normal children, but their scale of locomotion is not. The reported occupational level of female adult patients is lower than that of their unaffected siblings. When managing patients, orthopedists should consider the overall aspects of achondroplasia, including natural development and complications other than orthopedic factors. PMID:14767713

Haga, Nobuhiko

2004-01-01

279

20 CFR 404.1511 - Definition of a disabling impairment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Determining Disability and Blindness Definition of Disability § 404.1511 Definition of...impairment. (a) Disabled workers, persons disabled since childhood and, for months after December 1990, disabled...

2012-04-01

280

20 CFR 404.1511 - Definition of a disabling impairment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Determining Disability and Blindness Definition of Disability § 404.1511 Definition of...impairment. (a) Disabled workers, persons disabled since childhood and, for months after December 1990, disabled...

2010-04-01

281

20 CFR 404.1511 - Definition of a disabling impairment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Determining Disability and Blindness Definition of Disability § 404.1511 Definition of...impairment. (a) Disabled workers, persons disabled since childhood and, for months after December 1990, disabled...

2011-04-01

282

20 CFR 404.1511 - Definition of a disabling impairment.  

...DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Determining Disability and Blindness Definition of Disability § 404.1511 Definition of...impairment. (a) Disabled workers, persons disabled since childhood and, for months after December 1990, disabled...

2014-04-01

283

20 CFR 404.1511 - Definition of a disabling impairment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Determining Disability and Blindness Definition of Disability § 404.1511 Definition of...impairment. (a) Disabled workers, persons disabled since childhood and, for months after December 1990, disabled...

2013-04-01

284

Parenting with a Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide discusses how adjusting to parenthood for some persons with physical disabilities requires additional accommodations. Changes in lifestyle, environmental adaptations and assistive technology may be necessary to make independent child care possible. Project Innovative Parenting (PIP) was developed with the purpose to empower…

Brock, Holly

1993-01-01

285

Math Learning Disabilities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this article Dr. Kate Garnett defines five areas of math learning disabilities and provides suggestions on how adequate differentiated instruction and modifications can help students overcome these obstacles. The five areas are: Mastering Basic Number Facts, Arithmetic Weakness/Math Talent, The Written Symbol and Concrete Materials, The Language of Math, and Visual-Spatial Aspects of Math.

Garnett, Kate

1998-01-01

286

Health Professionals with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When it comes to education from K-12 and into the college years, the literature is replete with stories of the accomplishments of youngsters and adults with any number of disabilities who surpassed the expectations of their families and teachers. Similarly, there are an increasing number of examples of young men and women with a range of…

Waldman, H. Barry; Perlman, Steven P.; Cinotti, Debra A.

2009-01-01

287

Obesity and Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While much of the industrialized world struggles for clues to the growing rise in obesity in their respective countries, researchers and service providers involved in understanding the health characteristics and health behaviors of persons with intellectual disability (ID) struggle with their own issues regarding the increased prevalence of…

Rimmer, James H.; Yamaki, Kiyoshi

2006-01-01

288

Disability Cause Lawyers  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a vast and growing cause lawyering literature demonstrating how attorneys and their relationship to social justice movements matter greatly for law’s ability to engender progress. But to date, there has been no examination of the work of ADA disability cause lawyers as cause lawyers. Similarly, despite an extensive literature focused on the ADA’s revolutionary civil rights aspects and

Michael E. Waterstone; Michael Ashley Stein; David B. Wilkins

2012-01-01

289

Medication and Reading Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The clinical syndrome which relates most frequently to the reading-disabled child is the attention deficity disorder. The child psychiatrist will generally resort to medication only when behavioral management techniques have failed. The two most frequently used medications are Ritalin and Dexedrine, central nervous system stimulants. (JN)

Humphries, Laurie L.

1981-01-01

290

Societal Factors in Disablement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined data from a questionnaire concerning people with chronic health, emotional, mental, physical, and sensory impairments, and four respondent demographic and experiential characteristics to determine if 150 human service providers endorsed the premise that components of society disable people who are impaired. Results confirmed that…

Antonak, Richard F.

1985-01-01

291

Disability, Disorder, and Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The World Health Organization's "International Classification of Diseases" ("ICD") is the most important diagnostic tool, worldwide, to ensure that people with intellectual and developmental disabilities receive the supports they need to live richer, fuller lives. And yet, the "ICD" has naming conventions that create a conundrum for the field,…

Wehmeyer, Michael L.

2013-01-01

292

Seminar on Reading Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports the activities of a seminar on learning disabilities in reading other than those associated with gross intellectual or physical handicaps; includes recommendations arising from group discussions of teacher education, the problems of children of differing ethnic backgrounds, and the integration of theory and techniques of diagnosis,…

Hewitson, Mal

1978-01-01

293

Designing for the Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Implications of the merits of normality and independence for the disabled, and their relevance to architectural design criteria are discussed. The introduction reflects the philosophical approach to the design and construction of public buildings and housing. Nine principle sections provide data and recommendations on the following topics:…

Goldsmith, Selwyn

294

Poetry, Masculinities, and Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

All persons with new disabilities must grieve and mourn aspects of their own identity, and engage in the process of re-authoring and developing new conceptions of self and living. This is particularly true for men whose identities are often anchored by traditional conceptions and traits of hegemonic masculinity, which often make seeking and receiving help difficult for many men. As

Riki Thompson; Rich Furman; Noel Shafi; Michelle Enterline

2012-01-01

295

Aging, Disability and Frailty  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite multiple and often overlapping definitions of disability and frailty, both are common clinical characteristics of aged individuals though not identical. The geriatric syndrome of frailty is described as status of global impairment of physiological reserves involving multiple organ systems. The clinical correlate of frailty manifests as increased vulnerability, impaired capability to withstand intrinsic and environmental stressors, and limited capacity

Eva Topinková

2008-01-01

296

Intellectual Disability and Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The association between poverty and intellectual disability (ID) has been well documented. However, little is known about persons with ID who face circumstances of extreme poverty, such as homelessness. This paper describes the situation of persons with ID who were or are homeless in Montreal and are currently receiving services from a…

Mercier, C.; Picard, S.

2011-01-01

297

Obesity and intellectual disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

While much of the industrialized world struggles for clues to the growing rise in obesity in their respective countries, researchers and service providers involved in understanding the health characteristics and health behaviors of persons with intellectual disability (ID) struggle with their own issues regarding the increased prevalence of obesity in this segment of the population. What is particularly alarming is

James H. Rimmer; Kiyoshi Yamaki

2006-01-01

298

Mars Mobiles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity introduces students to the basic features of the Mars landscape. Students locate the planets of the solar system on a diagram; look at pictures of Mars and describe the Martian landscape; describe landscape features of Earth, and compare those to what is found on Mars; and make mobiles showing features of the Martian landscape.

299

Mobility 2035  

E-print Network

addresses the mobility needs of the Study Area to the year 2035 in the following chapters: 1) Demographic Development 2) Scenario Analysis 3) Public Involvement 4) Bicycle System 5) Pedestrian System 6) Public Transportation 7) Roadway Needs 8... ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ ES-1 SAFETEA-LU Planning Factors----------------------------------------------------------------- ES-2 Metropolitan Transportation Plan Mission Statement ------------------------------------- ES-3 Metropolitan Transportation Plan Goals...

San Antonio-Bexar County Metropolitan Planning Organization

2009-12-07

300

Attitudes towards people with physical or intellectual disabilities: nursing students and non-nursing peers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim: This paper is a report of a study of the attitudes of Dutch nursing students towards people with physical or intellectual disabilities. - \\u000aBackground: Attitudes of healthcare professionals are a major factor in the rehabilitation and self-acceptance of persons with disabilities. Consequently, it is important that nurses develop or maintain positive attitudes towards people with disabilities during their education.

Klooster ten Peter M; Jan-Willem Dannenberg; Erik Taal; Gerard Burger; Johannes J. Rasker

2009-01-01

301

Poverty Among Adults with Disabilities: Barriers to Promoting Asset Accumulation in Individual Development Accounts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adults with disabilities disproportionally experience poverty. We examine one novel strategy to promote economic well-being\\u000a among adults with disabilities living in or near poverty, namely Individual Development Accounts (IDAs). IDAs are designed\\u000a to help individuals save money and subsequently accumulate assets. Although adults with disabilities account for the majority\\u000a of IDA participants, scant attention has been paid to their IDA

Michal SofferKatherine; Katherine E. McDonald; Peter Blanck

2010-01-01

302

Anchored Mobilities: Mobile Technology and Transnational Migration  

E-print Network

Anchored Mobilities: Mobile Technology and Transnational Migration Amanda Williams Donald Bren.m [Information Systems]: miscellaneous General Terms Design, Human Factors. Keywords Mobilility, mobile technology, transnational, aging, ethnography 1. INTRODUCTION Researchers in Human Computer Interaction have

Dourish,Paul

303

Robotic smart house to assist people with movement disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces a new robotic smart house, Intelligent Sweet Home, developed at KAIST in Korea, which is based on several robotic agents and aims at testing advanced concepts for independent\\u000a living of the elderly and people with disabilities. The work focuses on technical solutions for human-friendly assistance\\u000a in motion\\/mobility and advanced human-machine interfaces that provide simple control of all

Kwang-hyun Park; Zeungnam Bien; Ju-jang Lee; Byung Kook Kim; Jong-tae Lim; Jin-oh Kim; Heyoung Lee; Dimitar H. Stefanov; Dae-jin Kim; Jin-woo Jung; Jun-hyeong Do; Kap-ho Seo; Chong Hui Kim; Won-gyu Song; Woo-jun Lee

2007-01-01

304

Psychosocial environment for the integrated education opportunities of the disabled in Lithuania  

PubMed Central

Background The policy of the diminution of the social isolation of the disabled is the main objective of the strategy of the EU new policy concerning the disabled. Lithuanian society faces this objective as well. For this reason, this study aiming at providing the theoretical basis for and predicting the possible psycho-social environment in an integrated education system, as well as at the evaluation of the reasons for the formation of a positive approach to the disabled, is especially relevant, since it creates the prerequisites for the optimisation of the process of the integration of disabled schoolchildren into the general system of education. Method The sample of the study consisted of 2471 children from the same schools: not integrated (1958), integrated (126) and special schools (382). Empirical methods: questionnaire poll, comparative analysis. The statistical analysis was carried out using SAS. Results Our study showed that the majority of schoolchildren without disabilities and disabled schoolchildren have positive intentions for interpersonal interactions (>82%) and positive emotions (>69%) independently of the discrepant character of interpersonal contacts, different conditions of education and family life, and despite of low level of knowledge. Conclusion The results of the study confirmed positive intentions for interpersonal interaction between disabled schoolchildren and schoolchildren without disabilities, as well as a positive character of emotions, and disprove the unsound myth of the opponents of the social integration of the disabled stating that disabled children in comprehensive schools would undoubtedly experience offence from their peers without disabilities. PMID:17173706

Samsoniene, Laimute; Juozulynas, Algirdas; Surkiene, Gene; Jankauskiene, Konstancija; Luksiene, Aloyza

2006-01-01

305

Application of mobile-IP to space and aeronautical networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

NASA is interested in applying Mobile Internet Protocol (mobile-IP) technologies to its space and aeronautics programs. In particular, mobile-IP will play a major role in the Advanced Aeronautic Transportation Technology (AATT), the Weather Information Communication (WINCOMM) and the Small Aircraft Transportation System; (SATS) aeronautics programs. This paper describes mobile-IP and mobile-routers-in particular, the features, capabilities, and initial performance of the

Kent Leung; Dan Shell; William D. Ivancic; David H. Stewart; Terry L. Bell; B. A. Kachmar

2001-01-01

306

Postoperative Adverse Outcomes in Intellectually Disabled Surgical Patients: A Nationwide Population-Based Study  

PubMed Central

Background Intellectually disabled patients have various comorbidities, but their risks of adverse surgical outcomes have not been examined. This study assesses pre-existing comorbidities, adjusted risks of postoperative major morbidities and mortality in intellectually disabled surgical patients. Methods A nationwide population-based study was conducted in patients who underwent inpatient major surgery in Taiwan between 2004 and 2007. Four controls for each patient were randomly selected from the National Health Insurance Research Database. Preoperative major comorbidities, postoperative major complications and 30-day in-hospital mortality were compared between patients with and without intellectual disability. Use of medical services also was analyzed. Adjusted odds ratios using multivariate logistic regression analyses with 95% confidence intervals were applied to verify intellectual disability's impact. Results Controls were compared with 3983 surgical patients with intellectual disability. Risks for postoperative major complications were increased in patients with intellectual disability, including acute renal failure (odds ratio 3.81, 95% confidence interval 2.28 to 6.37), pneumonia (odds ratio 2.01, 1.61 to 2.49), postoperative bleeding (odds ratio 1.35, 1.09 to 1.68) and septicemia (odds ratio 2.43, 1.85 to 3.21) without significant differences in overall mortality. Disability severity was positively correlated with postoperative septicemia risk. Medical service use was also significantly higher in surgical patients with intellectual disability. Conclusion Intellectual disability significantly increases the risk of overall major complications after major surgery. Our findings show a need for integrated and revised protocols for postoperative management to improve care for intellectually disabled surgical patients. PMID:22046425

Lin, Jui-An; Liao, Chien-Chang; Chang, Chuen-Chau; Chang, Hang; Chen, Ta-Liang

2011-01-01

307

Disability and Pap Smear Receipt Among U.S. Women, 2000 and 2005  

PubMed Central

Context Sexually experienced women are at risk of cervical cancer, one of the most common female reproductive cancers. Nearly 20% of U.S. women aged 18–64 have a disability, and disability is associated with health care access; however, the relationship between disability and Pap smear receipt remains underexplored. Methods Data on 20,907 women aged 21–64 from the 2000 and 2005 National Health Interview Surveys were used to investigate the relationship between disability and cervical cancer screening. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to assess the association between disability and both women's receipt of a Pap smear and their receipt of a doctor's recommendation for a Pap smear in the past year. Results Having a disability was negatively associated with Pap smear receipt (odds ratio, 0.6). Compared with women with no disabilities, those with mobility limitations and those with other types of limitations had reduced odds of having received a Pap smear (0.5–0.7). Disability was positively associated with having received a recommendation for a Pap smear (1.2); however, among women who had received a recommendation, those with disabilities had reduced odds of having received a Pap smear (0.5). Among women who had not received a Pap smear, 31% of those with disabilities and 13% of others cited cost or lack of insurance as the primary reason. Conclusions The negative relationship between Pap smear receipt and multiple types of disability suggests barriers beyond the human-made physical features of the environment. Efforts to reduce inequalities in reproductive health care access should consider the needs of women with disabilities. PMID:21126302

Rivera Drew, Julia A.; Short, Susan E.

2013-01-01

308

Using International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health to understand challenges in community reintegration of injured veterans.  

PubMed

This pilot study used the framework of the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) to understand the challenges faced by Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) veterans as they reintegrate into the community. We conducted semistructured interviews with 14 injured veterans, 12 caregivers, and 14 clinicians. We used ICF taxonomy to code data and identify issues. We identified challenges in the following ICF domains: learning and applying knowledge; general tasks and demands; communication; mobility; self-care; domestic life; interpersonal interactions, major life areas; and community, social, and civic life. We found many similarities between the challenges faced by veterans with and without polytraumatic injuries, although veterans with polytraumatic injuries faced challenges of greater magnitude. Identifying community reintegration challenges early and promoting reintegration are important mandates for the Department of Veterans Affairs. The findings of this study are useful in understanding the needs of OEF/OIF veterans. PMID:18075956

Resnik, Linda J; Allen, Susan M

2007-01-01

309

Processing of speech signals for physical and sensory disabilities.  

PubMed Central

Assistive technology involving voice communication is used primarily by people who are deaf, hard of hearing, or who have speech and/or language disabilities. It is also used to a lesser extent by people with visual or motor disabilities. A very wide range of devices has been developed for people with hearing loss. These devices can be categorized not only by the modality of stimulation [i.e., auditory, visual, tactile, or direct electrical stimulation of the auditory nerve (auditory-neural)] but also in terms of the degree of speech processing that is used. At least four such categories can be distinguished: assistive devices (a) that are not designed specifically for speech, (b) that take the average characteristics of speech into account, (c) that process articulatory or phonetic characteristics of speech, and (d) that embody some degree of automatic speech recognition. Assistive devices for people with speech and/or language disabilities typically involve some form of speech synthesis or symbol generation for severe forms of language disability. Speech synthesis is also used in text-to-speech systems for sightless persons. Other applications of assistive technology involving voice communication include voice control of wheelchairs and other devices for people with mobility disabilities. Images Fig. 4 PMID:7479816

Levitt, H

1995-01-01

310

Description and performance of a digital mobile satellite terminal  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A major goal of the Mobile Satellite Experiment (MSAT-X) program at the Jet Propulsion Lab (JPL) is the development of an advanced digital terminal for use in land mobile satellite communication. The terminal has been developed to minimize the risk of applying advanced technologies to future commercial mobile satellite systems (MSS). Testing with existing L band satellites was performed in fixed, land mobile and aeronautical mobile environments. JPL's development and tests of its mobile terminal have demonstrated the viability of narrowband digital voice communications in a land mobile environment through geostationary satellites. This paper provides a consolidated description of the terminal architecture and the performance of its individual elements.

Lay, N.; Jedrey, T.; Parkyn, J.; Divsalar, D.

1990-01-01

311

Application of Mobile-ip to Space and Aeronautical Networks  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is interested in applying mobile Internet protocol (mobile-ip) technologies to its space and aeronautics programs. In particular, mobile-ip will play a major role in the Advanced Aeronautic Transportation Technology (AAT-F), the Weather Information Communication (WINCOMM), and the Small Aircraft Transportation System (SATS) aeronautics programs. This paper describes mobile-ip and mobile routers--in particular, the features, capabilities, and initial performance of the mobile router are presented. The application of mobile-router technology to NASA's space and aeronautics programs is also discussed.

Leung, Kent; Shell, Dan; Ivancic, William D.; Stewart, David H.; Bell, Terry L.; Kachmar, Brian A.

2001-01-01

312

Mobile Social TV: Extending DVB-H Services with P2P-Interaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile TV is widely considered as major future growth driver of mobile multimedia. Although certain benefits such as location-independence are evident, the potential of this medium reaches beyond plain 'TV on the mobile '. In this paper, we propose the integration of service enablers for peer-to-peer interactivity into mobile TV. Using our definition of mobile social TV we discuss opportunities

Raimund Schatz; Siegfried Wagner; Norbert Jordan

2007-01-01

313

Occupational asthma in a national disability survey  

SciTech Connect

The contribution of workplace exposures to the prevalence of asthma in adults has been minimized in the epidemiology of this illness. Analysis of the 1978 Social Security Disability Survey provides a population-based assessment as a novel approach utilizing self-attributed, occupationally related asthma as a measure of disease. Of 6063 respondents, 468 (7.7 percent) identified asthma as a personal medical condition; 72 (1.2 percent (15.4 percent of all those with asthma)) attributed it to workplace exposures. These subjects were older and included more men and cigarette smokers than groups of both asthmatic and nonasthmatic subjects. The relative risk for occupationally attributed asthma was elevated among industrial and agricultural workers as compared with white collar and service occupations. Analysis of disability benefit status did not indicate that this introduced major reporting bias in this survey. This study suggests that occupational factors may have a greater role in adult asthma than previously thought.

Blanc, P.

1987-10-01

314

The Modification of Educational Equipment and Curriculum for Maximum Utilization by Physically Disabled Persons; Design of a School for Physically Disabled Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Elements of modified school design for the physically disabled are considered, including mobility, classrooms, science laboratories, applied skill areas, the library, the swimming pool, and sanitary facilities. Also discussed are the cafeteria (food service, seating, and other considerations), recreational areas (play grounds,…

Yuker, Harold E.; And Others

315

The Positive Effects of Early Powered Mobility on Children's Psychosocial and Play Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Powered mobility can have an important cognitive and psychosocial impact on young children who are unable to move independently. Twenty-three children with physical disabilities between the ages of 18 months and 6 years participated in this study. Data evaluating social skills, frequency of mobility play activities, frequency of interaction with…

Guerette, Paula; Furumasu, Jan; Tefft, Donita

2013-01-01

316

FEASABILITY OF A MOBILE ROBOT WITH ALTERNATIVE CONTROL SYSTEM FOR A CHILD WITH CEREBRAL PALSY  

E-print Network

with cerebral palsy, with spastic and athetoid features. The child's gross motor mobility is limited to rolling1 FEASABILITY OF A MOBILE ROBOT WITH ALTERNATIVE CONTROL SYSTEM FOR A CHILD WITH CEREBRAL PALSY]. In the case of cerebral palsy, the most common cause of motor disability in children, the estimation ranges

Stansfield, Sharon

317

EL-E: an assistive mobile manipulator that autonomously fetches objects from flat surfaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

Assistive mobile robots that autonomously ma- nipulate objects within everyday settings have the potential to improve the lives of the elderly, injured, and disabled. Within this paper, we present the most recent version of the assistive mobile manipulator EL-E with a focus on the subsystem that enables the robot to retrieve objects from and deliver objects to flat surfaces. Once

Advait Jain; Charles C. Kemp

2010-01-01

318

The Impact of Early Powered Mobility on Parental Stress, Negative Emotions, and Family Social Interactions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Powered mobility has been found to have positive effects on young children with severe physical disabilities, but the impact on the family has been less well documented. We evaluated the impact of early powered mobility on parental stress, negative emotions, perceived social interactions, and parental satisfaction with wheelchair characteristics…

Tefft, Donita; Guerette, Paula; Furumasu, Jan

2011-01-01

319

Identification of Disabilities and Service Receipt among Preschool Children Living in Poverty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the prevalence of indicators of disability or potential disability among preschool-aged children enrolled in the Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Longitudinal Follow-Up. Three categories of indicators were established: received Part B services, developmental risk, and biological risk. The majority of participating…

Peterson, Carla A.; Wall, Shavaun; Jeon, Hyun-Joo; Swanson, Mark E.; Carta, Judith J.; Luze, Gayle J.; Eshbaugh, Elaine

2013-01-01

320

Changes in the Attitudes of GPs to the Health Screening of Patients with Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

GPs appear reluctant to undertake health screening for people with learning disabilities. This article describes a specialist health screening service delivered mainly by community learning disability nurses to nearly 600 children and adults. Prior to the service being established, 141 GPs within a defined area were surveyed and 51 percent responded. Although a majority thought the service would be helpful,

Roy McConkey; Gordon Moore; David Marshall

2002-01-01

321

Injuries, Falls and Accidents among Adults with Intellectual Disabilities. Prospective Cohort Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Injuries are among the leading causes of death and disability in the world and a major public health concern. Falls are a common cause. Young persons with intellectual disabilities (ID) have a higher rate and different pattern of injuries than the general population, but little is known regarding adults. Methods: The aim of this study…

Finlayson, J.; Morrison, J.; Jackson, A.; Mantry, D.; Cooper, S.-A.

2010-01-01

322

Disabled Veterans of the Vietnam Era: Employment Problems and Programs. Technical Report No. 75-1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report describes the results of a study of the employment of Vietnam-era veterans with service-connected disabilities, their major problems in seeking and holding a job, and possible solutions. Data were obtained from; mail surveys of both disabled veterans and employers regarding employment; personal interviews with veterans and employers;…

Wilson, Thurlow R.; And Others

323

Public Perceptions of the Best Living Arrangements for Most Adults With Intellectual Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

A telephone survey was conducted to determine attitudes towards individuals with intellectual disabilities. This article explores the perceptions of the public regarding the best living arrangements for adults with intellectual disabilities. A majority of the 680 respondents believed that some form of community living would work best, either in a supervised apartment or in a group home. Less than 20%

Hélène Ouellette-Kuntz; Philip Burge

2007-01-01

324

Examination of Adaptive Behavior Differences in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders and Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and intellectual disabilities (ID) are high prevalence developmental disabilities that co-occur at high rates. Furthermore, Axis I psychopathology is known to occur more frequently in individuals with ID than the general population. The problems are lifelong and can be major impediments to independent living.…

Matson, Johnny L.; Rivet, Tessa T.; Fodstad, Jill C.; Dempsey, Timothy; Boisjoli, Jessica A.

2009-01-01

325

Exploring the Effects of Online Instruction on Reading Comprehension Achievement of Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two major pieces of legislation, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (2004) and No Child Left Behind (NCLB) (2001) mandate that students with disabilities be placed in the Least Restrictive Environment and have access to the general education curriculum. To provide access to the general education curriculum, inclusion in general…

Fitzgerald, Nancy Shuman

2009-01-01

326

PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS --1 PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS --2  

E-print Network

and the world: Developmental Psychology, Social Psy- chology, Cognitive Psychology, Theories of PersonalityPSYCHOLOGY MAJORS -- 1 #12;PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS -- 2 Handbook for Undergraduate Psychology Majors......................................................................................................................................2 A. Psychology Program Goals and Purpose B. Declaration of Major C. History of Marquette University

Sanders, Matthew

327

Disabling Radiological Dispersal Terror  

SciTech Connect

Terror resulting from the use of a radiological dispersal device (RDD) relies upon an individual's lack of knowledge and understanding regarding its significance. Disabling this terror will depend upon realistic reviews of the current conservative radiation protection regulatory standards. It will also depend upon individuals being able to make their own informed decisions merging perceived risks with reality. Preparation in these areas will reduce the effectiveness of the RDD and may even reduce the possibility of its use.

Hart, M

2002-11-08

328

Disability Does Not Discriminate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author talks about the "it can't happen to me" mentality, which makes humans think they are physically invincible and have been guilty of thinking so. The author learned the danger of the "it can't happen to me" syndrome when she was disabled in a car accident in February 1994. The accident happened when she was 21 years old,…

Alexander, Amy Elizabeth

2008-01-01

329

ROBOTIC ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY FOR COMMUNITY-RESIDING OLDER ADULTS AND PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES: AN INTER INSTITUTIONAL INITIATIVE FOR STUDENTS IN THE HEALTH AND TECHNOLOGY FIELDS  

Microsoft Academic Search

An educational initiative spawned from the Nursebot Project has brought together students in health care and technology from two universities to design, develop, and evaluate mobile robotic applications for older adults and persons with disabilities. Laboratory activities, field trips, and multidisciplinary group projects were used to complement didactic content regarding frailty, disability, and robotic assistive technology in our first offering

Judith Tabolt Matthews; Sebastian Thrun; Jacqueline Dunbar-Jacob

330

14 CFR 382.125 - What procedures do carriers follow when wheelchairs, other mobility aids, and other assistive...  

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) SPECIAL REGULATIONS NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF DISABILITY IN AIR TRAVEL Stowage of Wheelchairs, Other Mobility Aids, and Other Assistive Devices § 382.125 What procedures do carriers...

2014-01-01

331

Understanding Learning Disabilities and Substance Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to assist people with learning disabilities to recognize their disabilities and the connection between learning disabilities and substance abuse. It begins by defining learning disabilities and providing a self-test checklist for common signs and symptoms of learning disabilities. Difficulties with organization, memory,…

Star, Nonnie; Shadoff, Sander

332

Disability And Health Care Spending Among Medicare  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper forecasts the impact of changing disability rates on spending by Medicare beneficiaries. We adjust for differential changes in spending by the disabled be- cause the composition of the disabled population and the intensity of their treatment are changing. Among community-dwelling elderly, spending growth among the least disabled grew more quickly than among the most disabled, which offsets some

Michael E. Chernew; Dana P. Goldman; Feng Pan; Baoping Shang

333

Disability Services Registration Louisiana Tech University  

E-print Network

services from the Office of Disability Services, students must provide appropriate documentation of a disability. -Symptoms of the disability (a detailed description of how the disability affects the students.) -Test scores that support a medical, cognitive, or learning disability. -Medications and any adverse

Selmic, Sandra

334

Overcoming Challenges: "Going Mobile with Your Own Video Models"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Video modeling has been shown to be an effective intervention for students with a variety of disabilities. Traditional video models present problems in terms of application across meaningful settings, such as in the community or even across the school environment. However, with advances in mobile technology, portable devices with video capability…

Carnahan, Christina R.; Basham, James D.; Christman, Jennifer; Hollingshead, Aleksandra

2012-01-01

335

Geographic Mobility of Allied Health Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The geographic mobility of allied health personnel is of major concern to planners facing decisions about locating training programs; a New York study revealed that personnel trained in that State are not geographically mobile, living and working reasonably close to the educational institutions where they received their basic professional…

Greenberg, Suzanne B; Kadish, Joseph

1974-01-01

336

Mobile medication administration system: application and architecture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mistakes during the administration of medication process are one major source of deaths and injuries caused by medical errors at hospitals. The use of mobile computing can seriously contribute to reduce this statistic and to improve the satisfaction of the public and healthcare professionals with the medical system. This paper presents a framework to develop mobile applications for the healthcare

Cayo Pabllo; Rafael Soto; Jorge Campos

2008-01-01

337

Analysis of Two Major Intracellular Phospholipases A2 (PLA2) in Mast Cells Reveals Crucial Contribution of Cytosolic PLA2?, Not Ca2+-independent PLA2?, to Lipid Mobilization in Proximal Mast Cells and Distal Fibroblasts*  

PubMed Central

Mast cells release a variety of mediators, including arachidonic acid (AA) metabolites, to regulate allergy, inflammation, and host defense, and their differentiation and maturation within extravascular microenvironments depend on the stromal cytokine stem cell factor. Mouse mast cells express two major intracellular phospholipases A2 (PLA2s), namely group IVA cytosolic PLA2 (cPLA2?) and group VIA Ca2+-independent PLA2 (iPLA2?), and the role of cPLA2? in eicosanoid synthesis by mast cells has been well documented. Lipidomic analyses of mouse bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMCs) lacking cPLA2? (Pla2g4a?/?) or iPLA2? (Pla2g6?/?) revealed that phospholipids with AA were selectively hydrolyzed by cPLA2?, not by iPLA2?, during Fc?RI-mediated activation and even during fibroblast-dependent maturation. Neither Fc?RI-dependent effector functions nor maturation-driven phospholipid remodeling was impaired in Pla2g6?/? BMMCs. Although BMMCs did not produce prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), the AA released by cPLA2? from BMMCs during maturation was converted to PGE2 by microsomal PGE synthase-1 (mPGES-1) in cocultured fibroblasts, and accordingly, Pla2g4a?/? BMMCs promoted microenvironmental PGE2 synthesis less efficiently than wild-type BMMCs both in vitro and in vivo. Mice deficient in mPGES-1 (Ptges?/?) had an augmented local anaphylactic response. These results suggest that cPLA2? in mast cells is functionally coupled, through the AA transfer mechanism, with stromal mPGES-1 to provide anti-anaphylactic PGE2. Although iPLA2? is partially responsible for PGE2 production by macrophages and dendritic cells, it is dispensable for mast cell maturation and function. PMID:21880721

Ueno, Noriko; Taketomi, Yoshitaka; Yamamoto, Kei; Hirabayashi, Tetsuya; Kamei, Daisuke; Kita, Yoshihiro; Shimizu, Takao; Shinzawa, Koei; Tsujimoto, Yoshihide; Ikeda, Kazutaka; Taguchi, Ryo; Murakami, Makoto

2011-01-01

338

Flexible Pre-Majors: Final Report of the Flexible Pre-Majors Working Group  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides advice for program areas contemplating the development of a Flexible Pre-Major (FPM) in their discipline. The FPM is another means of aiding student transfer in a system that expects and encourages significant student mobility. The FPM addresses a problematic area for academic students: that of completing the lower level major

FitzGibbon, John; Orum, Jennifer

2011-01-01

339

Disability awareness for clinical staff.  

PubMed

While nurses and other influential groups in society pay lip-service to understanding and meeting the needs of physically disabled persons, disabled people continue to encounter lack of recognition, ignorance and prejudice. The author describes how one nursing college is attempting to create a better understanding of disability for its students and clinical staff, and discusses the issues which have inspired the course's design. PMID:8038067

Goodall, C J

340

Children with an Intellectual Disability  

MedlinePLUS

... shown by new problems, for instance in their behavior, eating and sleeping. Early diagnosis of psychiatric disorders in children with intellectual disabilities leads to early treatment. Medications ...

341

INSTITUTE ON DISABILITY Shared Vision  

E-print Network

of Correction. Examine and implement a systems approach to vocational rehabilitation which affects offender through Education and Rehabilitation Joint program: Institute on Disability Shelby County Division

Dasgupta, Dipankar

342

Cancer and the medicare disabled.  

E-print Network

??This dissertation examines relationships between cancer in working-age adults and enrollment in Medicare due disability. We examine whether cancer diagnosis and treatments affect enrollment in… (more)

Habermann, Elizabeth Anne

2008-01-01

343

Atomic Mobile  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this hands-on OLogy activity, kids learn about matter by building their own models of carbon out of pipe cleaners, wire, and clay. The activity begins with a kid-friendly introduction to matter, elements, and atoms. The illustrated, step-by-step directions show how to use the information about carbon on the Periodic Table to create a mobile that shows the element's basic structure. A PDF version of the Periodic Table, along with a kid-friendly overview of how to read it, is also included.

344

The Electronic Disability Record: Purpose, Parameters, and Model Use Case  

PubMed Central

The active engagement of consumers is an important factor in achieving widespread success of health information systems. The disability community represents a major segment of the healthcare arena, with more than 50 million Americans experiencing some form of disability. In keeping with the “consumer-driven” approach to e-health systems, this paper considers the distinctive aspects of electronic and personal health record use by this segment of society. Drawing upon the information shared during two national policy forums on this topic, the authors present the concept of Electronic Disability Records (EDR). The authors outline the purpose and parameters of such records, with specific attention to its ability to organize health and financial data in a manner that can be used to expedite the disability determination process. In doing so, the authors discuss its interaction with Electronic Health Records (EHR) and Personal Health Records (PHR). The authors then draw upon these general parameters to outline a model use case for disability determination and discuss related implications for disability health management. The paper further reports on the subsequent considerations of these and related deliberations by the American Health Information Community (AHIC). PMID:18952950

Tulu, Bengisu; Horan, Thomas A.

2009-01-01

345

Calif. mobile home park sued for trying to eject man with AIDS.  

PubMed

The U.S. Justice Department sued a California mobile home park for refusing to allow a man living with AIDS to continue living there under his mother's care. The Huntington Shorecliffs Mobile Home Park refused to waive its residency rules and tried to evict the mother. U.S. Attorney Nora M. Manella alleges that the mobile home park violated the Fair Housing Act by discriminating on the basis of disability. PMID:11363580

1996-06-28

346

The Disabled: Ready, Willing and Able.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the Americans with Disabilities Act, which bans discrimination against the disabled by private-sector employers. Describes the hiring practices and experiences of several companies that have employed disabled people. (JOW)

Geber, Beverly

1990-01-01

347

Is there employment discrimination against the disabled?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using differences in the work limiting nature of a disability, employment discrimination against the disabled is separated from the unobserved effect of disability on productivity. The UK evidence suggests unobserved productivity differences are an important influence on the employment gap.

Melanie K. Jones

2006-01-01

348

University of Massachusetts, Lowell Student Disability Services  

E-print Network

University of Massachusetts, Lowell Student Disability Services One University Avenue, Cumnock C6 Verification Form Student Disability Services (SDS) is committed to providing equal access and reasonable accommodations, where appropriate, for qualified disabled students as covered under Section 504

Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

349

Disability Access Route to Education application guide  

E-print Network

disabilities are eligible? Asperger's Syndrome/Autism ADD/ADHD Blind/Vision Impaired Deaf/Hearing Impaired Disabilities) Significant On going Illness Physical Disability Specific Learning Difficulty (incl. Dyslexia

O'Mahony, Donal E.

350

Comprehension of humor in children with nonverbal learning disabilities, reading disabilities, and without learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The normal development of humor in children has been well documented with a predictable course that is tied to social, cognitive,\\u000a and linguistic development in children. This study explored humor comprehension in children with nonverbal learning disabilities\\u000a (NVLD). Children with NVLD were compared with children with reading disabilities and a comparison group of children with no\\u000a learning disabilities to assess

Margaret Semrud-Clikeman; Kimberly Glass

2008-01-01

351

Disabilities Information Flow: A Disabilities Information Management System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Disabilities Information Flow (DIF) project at the University of St Andrews has sought to provide a means of efficiently managing all student disabilities information within the institution and provide appropriate role-based service interfaces for all staff who need to routinely interact with this information. This paper describes the software…

Ling, Bin; Allison, Colin; Nicholl, J. Ross; Moodley, Luke; Roberts, Dave

2006-01-01

352

HIV/AIDS, Disability, and Employment. Disability Statistics Report 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report on HIV/AIDS, disability, and employment analyzes data from the AIDS Cost and Services Utilization Survey of 1991-1992, a longitudinal study of 1,949 HIV-infected men and women. The report examines the diagnostic history of people living with HIV and its relation to function, disability, and labor force participation over time. Study…

Sebesta, Douglas S.; LaPlante, Mitchell P.

353

Application form for a Campus Disabled Parking Permit  

E-print Network

spaces on campus for disabled staff members, disabled students and disabled visitors. Disabled visitors gate. To use these spaces, disabled students and disabled staff members need to apply for a disabled for a Campus Disabled Parking Permit Section A ­ your contact details: Name: Staff/Student ID number: Postal

Haase, Markus

354

Age of Majority: Preparing Your Child for Making Good Choices. Parent Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief provides information to parents of students with disabilities on preparing students for reaching the age of majority and assuming responsibility for their education and life choices. It begins by reviewing regulations under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act that give states the authority to elect to transfer educational…

National Center on Secondary Education and Transition, Minneapolis, MN.

355

The Unsustainable Rise of the Disability Rolls in the United States: Causes, Consequences, and Policy Options  

E-print Network

Two ailments limit the effectiveness and threaten the long-term viability of the U.S. Social Security Disability Insurance program (SSDI). First, the program is ineffective in assisting the vast majority of workers with ...

Autor, David

2012-01-24

356

STEM Disability Transition Group A representative from Royal Holloway, University of London will act as Chair.  

E-print Network

greater numbers of young people with disabilities developing STEM skills and working in STEM industries. Where a vote has to be taken, decisions will be by simple majority of members present. Decisions

Royal Holloway, University of London

357

Mobile video stories  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this article is to test how different narrative structures work in mobile video storytelling applications for creative arts. Especially, we are interested in stories made with the mobile phone and for the mobile phone i.e. they are supposed to be viewed on the mobile phone. In addition, we present a new mobile social video service and demo

Jari Multisilta; Marjo Mäenpää

2008-01-01

358

33 CFR 165.835 - Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. 165.835 Section...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. (a) Definition. As used in this section— Cruise ship means a passenger vessel...

2013-07-01

359

33 CFR 165.835 - Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. 165.835 Section...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. (a) Definition. As used in this section— Cruise ship means a passenger vessel...

2011-07-01

360

33 CFR 165.835 - Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. 165.835 Section...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. (a) Definition. As used in this section— Cruise ship means a passenger vessel...

2012-07-01

361

Disability: Equality/Inequality  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is used in a Sociology class for undergraduate students. This activity looks at disabilities and inequalities in the United States. This activity uses five customized data sets made from the 1990 U.S. Census. It guides students through data manipulation using WebCHIP software found at DataCounts!. To open WebCHIP with the dataset for the activity, please see instructions and links in the exercise documents under teaching materials. For more information on how to use WebCHIP, see the How To section on DataCounts!

Hall, Robert T.

362

Managing Disability From Stroke  

PubMed Central

Strokes are the single greatest neurological cause of disability, yet many stroke patients do not ever reach a specialized stroke rehabilitation unit. For those remaining in the hospital to which they were first admitted, active medical involvement may decline dramatically once the diagnosis has been made. However, the family physician can play an active role in managing post-stroke patients, enhancing their functional recovery and achieving successful discharge back into the community. This article describes post-diagnosis management of stroke, discharge planning, and post-discharge follow-up. PMID:21267158

Clifford, John C.

1986-01-01

363

Continuous Monitoring of Turning in Patients with Movement Disability  

PubMed Central

Difficulty with turning is a major contributor to mobility disability and falls in people with movement disorders, such as Parkinson's disease (PD). Turning often results in freezing and/or falling in patients with PD. However, asking a patient to execute a turn in the clinic often does not reveal their impairments. Continuous monitoring of turning with wearable sensors during spontaneous daily activities may help clinicians and patients determine who is at risk of falls and could benefit from preventative interventions. In this study, we show that continuous monitoring of natural turning with wearable sensors during daily activities inside and outside the home is feasible for people with PD and elderly people. We developed an algorithm to detect and characterize turns during gait, using wearable inertial sensors. First, we validate the turning algorithm in the laboratory against a Motion Analysis system and against a video analysis of 21 PD patients and 19 control (CT) subjects wearing an inertial sensor on the pelvis. Compared to Motion Analysis and video, the algorithm maintained a sensitivity of 0.90 and 0.76 and a specificity of 0.75 and 0.65, respectively. Second, we apply the turning algorithm to data collected in the home from 12 PD and 18 CT subjects. The algorithm successfully detects turn characteristics, and the results show that, compared to controls, PD subjects tend to take shorter turns with smaller turn angles and more steps. Furthermore, PD subjects show more variability in all turn metrics throughout the day and the week. PMID:24379043

El-Gohary, Mahmoud; Pearson, Sean; McNames, James; Mancini, Martina; Horak, Fay; Mellone, Sabato; Chiari, Lorenzo

2014-01-01

364

Inmates with Developmental Disabilities in New York State Correctional Facilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report responds to a New York State Legislature request to provide a reliable estimate of the number of persons with developmental disabilities in the state prison system, while evaluating current practices for identifying such inmates and meeting their needs. Major findings included the following: (1) contrary to many estimates, the study…

New York State Commission on Quality of Care for the Mentally Disabled, Albany.

365

Americans with Disabilities Act: Its Impact on Youth Sports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article describes the major titles of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and discusses who is affected, explaining how the ADA affects youth sport programs. The terms "readily accessible,""readily achievable," and "undue burden" are discussed according to their ADA definitions and their effect on youth sports. (SM)

Block, Martin E.

1995-01-01

366

Perspectives on Health Care of Adults with Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A focus group study was conducted with individuals with developmental disabilities to understand their perspectives on their health status, health promotion behaviors, and health care services they receive. The majority of participants reported good to excellent health, and all had some form of medical insurance. However, participants reported…

Parish, Susan L.; Moss, Kathryn; Richman, Erica L.

2008-01-01

367

Physical Disabilities: Education and Related Services, Fall 2002-Spring 2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two issues of this journal on education and related services for students with physical disabilities contain the following major articles or reviews: "Environmental Effects on Education" (Harold F. Perla); "Using Touch Math for Students with Physical Impairments To Teach and Enhance Beginning Math Skills" (Adrienne L. Duris); "Traumatic Brain…

Kulik, Barbara J., Ed.

2003-01-01

368

Students with Disabilities in Correctional Facilities. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This digest presents the major findings of a national survey of public and private facilities and state agencies on the prevalence of youth with disabilities in juvenile and adult correctional facilities in the United States and the educational and related services offered to them. Findings include: (1) a preliminary estimate of the prevalence of…

Quinn, Mary M.; Rutherford, Robert B., Jr.; Leone, Peter E.

369

Sexual Health Care in Persons with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the past, preventive health concerning sexuality of people with intellectual disabilities was addressed through surgical sterilization as part of nationwide eugenic programs in many countries. For more than 30 years now, it has come progressively to light in the scientific literature that, besides major ethical and legal problems, these…

Servais, Laurent

2006-01-01

370

Educating Students with Mild Disabilities: Strategies and Methods. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book addresses inclusive environments and the shifting of instruction of children with disabilities to the general classroom teacher. The major themes are behavior management, curriculum, and instructional strategies. Individual chapters include: (1) "Discipline in Special Education and General Education Settings" (Deborah Deutsch Smith and…

Meyen, Edward L., Ed.; Vergason, Glenn A., Ed.; Whelan, Richard J., Ed.

371

Running focus groups with elderly and disabled elderly participants  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is based on a study to determine the information needs of elderly, disabled elderly people, and of their carers, in the UK. Four focus groups were run with a total of 20 participants to identify major themes and aid in the creation of a questionnaire for a national survey. This paper does not describe the findings of the

Julia Barrett; Stuart Kirk

2000-01-01

372

Learning Disabled Students' Performance on the Child Behavior Checklist  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research to date on the behavioral and emotional problems of learning disabled students has focused mainly on young boys. A majority of the studies in this area have been done by Michael Epstein (Epstein, Cullinan, & Rosemier, 1983; Epstein & Cullinan, 1984; Epstein, Cullinan, & Neiminen, 1984; Epstein, Bursack, & Cullinan, 1985; Epstein, Cullinan, & Lloyd, 1986). He used

DawnWright

1992-01-01

373

Reading Miscues of College Students with and without Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using authentic materials, this study compared the oral reading miscues of 20 university students with reading related learning disabilities to 20 controls matched for age, gender, ethnicity, college GPA, reading achievement score, and college of major. All participants orally read two passages with different text structures from a college…

Warde, Beverly A.

2005-01-01

374

The Social Model of Disability: Valuable or Irrelevant? Colin Barnes  

E-print Network

, 1999; Borsay, 2005). Since the mass `euthanasia' policy for disabled people defined as `useless eaters to suggest that societal responses to people with impairments or long term health conditions varies. Whilst the vast majority of people with impairments were integrated into the community prior

Barthelat, Francois

375

Influences on Mothers' Employment when Children Have Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Empirical research has highlighted the constraints on mothers' workforce participation when children have disabilities, but the policies and associated strategies needed to address these issues have received less attention. Greater attention to explanatory theory and associated research is needed. The authors' paper identifies major explanatory…

Gordon, Meg; Cuskelly, Monica; Rosenman, Linda

2008-01-01

376

The Patterns of Services Provided to Students with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports the results of a study of 1,300 special education students attending 81 elementary, middle, and high schools in Massachusetts that examined the patterns of variation in services delivered to students with disabilities in relation to student characteristics. Results of the study indicate that the majority of these students spent…

Chambers, Jay G.

377

Understanding the transportation situation of Canadian adults with disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human Resources and Skills Development Canada, as part of its mandate to improve the well-being and quality of life of Canadians, is concerned with the ability of individuals who face disabilities to fully participate in society and to achieve independent living. Since a vast majority of activities and services are spatially dispersed and can be conducted only in person, transportation

Antonio Páez; Steven Farber

2010-01-01

378

Connecting the Demographic Dots: Geographic Mobility and Birth Intentions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Having a child is a major determinant of geographic mobility. Little is known, however, about the opposite process--whether geographic mobility is a determinant of fertility. Drawing on social and human capital theories and research on fertility and migration to develop competing hypotheses, the author examines the effects of mobility on changes…

Myers, Scott M.

2010-01-01

379

Vision-based grasping of unknown objects to improve disabled persons autonomy  

E-print Network

have been tested and validated on robotics cells. Some have already been integrated into our mobile unstructured. Thus, the robotic system needs exterioceptive sensors to adapt its behavior to the current robotic assistance for people with disabilities. The rehabilitative robotic arms currently available

Boyer, Edmond

380

Toward an understanding of the needs of sport spectators with disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to assess the needs of sport consumers with disabilities attending live sporting events. Three research questions guided this exploratory study. The first research question sought to identify the physical and service needs of sport consumers with mobility impairments attending a live sporting event. The second research question investigated whether the needs of sport consumers

John M. Grady

2006-01-01

381

SCIM – spinal cord independence measure: a new disability scale for patients with spinal cord lesions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Spinal Cord Independence Measure (SCIM) is a new disability scale developed specifically for patients with spinal cord lesions in order to make the functional assessments of patients with paraplegia or tetraplegia more sensitive to changes. The SCIM includes the following areas of function: self-care (subscore 0 – 20), respiration and sphincter management (0 – 40) and mobility (0 –

A Catz; M Itzkovich; E Agranov; H Ring; A Tamir

1997-01-01

382

Autonomous robot technology for advanced wheelchair and robotic aids for people with disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of robotic technology in assistive devices opens new opportunities for people with severe disabilities (tetraplegia, spinal cord injuries, etc.) at work and in their private homes. It can reduce social exclusion and assist social and vocational integration. Highly manoeuvrable wheelchairs for indoor use and wheelchair mounted arms are of particular importance. Due to their mobility, they are available

Christian Bühler; Ralf Hoelper; Helmut Hoyer; Wolfram Humann

1995-01-01

383

Feasibility of Quantitative Ultrasound Measurement of the Heel Bone in People with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Low bone mineral density (BMD) and fractures are common in people with intellectual disabilities (ID). Reduced mobility in case of motor impairment and the use of anti-epileptic drugs contribute to the development of low BMD. Quantitative ultrasound (QUS) measurement of the heel bone is a non-invasive and radiation-free method for measuring bone…

Mergler, S.; Lobker, B.; Evenhuis, H. M.; Penning, C.

2010-01-01

384

(Instrumental) Activities of Daily Living in Older Adults with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Daily living skills are important to ageing adults with intellectual disabilities (ID). The purpose of this study was to investigate the level of these skills in older adults with ID and to investigate the influence of gender, age, level of ID and mobility on these skills. Daily living skills were measured with the Barthel Index (for Activities of…

Hilgenkamp, Thessa I. M.; van Wijck, Ruud; Evenhuis, Heleen M.

2011-01-01

385

Health-Related Quality of Life in Older Adults at Risk for Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The number of older adults living in the United States continues to increase, and recent research has begun to target interventions to older adults who have mobility limitations and are at risk for disability. The objective of this study is to describe and examine correlates of health-related quality of life in this population subgroup using baseline data from a

Erik J. Groessl; Robert M. Kaplan; W. Jack Rejeski; Jeffrey A. Katula; Abby C. King; Nancy W. Glynn; Fang-Chi Hsu; Michael Walkup; Marco Pahor

2007-01-01

386

Learning Disabilities: An Interdisciplinary Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are six papers originally delivered at a colloquium series on the problems of the learning disabled child, with emphasis on a multidisciplinary perspective. In "One Psychologist's Perspective on Learning Disabilities," J. Kessler provides an overview of the field with sections on definition and identification, etiology, testing as a…

Zollinger, Ruth H., Ed.; Klein, Nancy K., Ed.

387

Disabled Superheroes in Comic Books.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author reviews the role of "superhero" in comic books, finding five prominent characters with disabilities. He suggests that sales of these comic books are due, in part, to unique gimmicks in the character, but may also reflect increased acceptance within the society of successful disabled role models. (Author/CL)

Kokaska, Charles J.

1984-01-01

388

The World Report on Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The World Report on Disability, a joint endeavor of the World Health Organization and the World Bank, launched in June 2011, is an astonishing achievement that will set the standard for disability studies research for evidence-informed policy for years to come. The product of collaborative and participatory work between organizations of persons…

Bickenbach, Jerome

2011-01-01

389

Disability disparities: a beginning model.  

PubMed

This paper presents a model of disability disparities. Though the concept of health disparities is discussed in the health care literature, there is no such model that explicitly addresses disparities in the disability literature. Therefore, this model begins to fill a void in the disability literature. Part of the value of such a model is that it represents an attempt to address the question of why cultural competency is important in the disability arena at this point in the 21st century. The urgency in addressing cultural competency at this time in history is supported by understanding the multiple accountability demands on rehabilitation and disability providers these days, e.g., increasing diversification of the United States population, that render providing effective services to everyone a clear mandate. The author provides a working definition of disability disparity. The disability disparity model is described in terms of its five-domain continuum as well as its macro- and micro-level aspects that are designed to both promote clarity of the concept for researchers and offer practitioners ideas on how to explore the existence of disability disparities in working with specific service recipients. Limitations and strengths of the model are discussed along with suggested next steps in model validation. PMID:19802930

Lewis, Allen

2009-01-01

390

The Learning Disabled Preschool Child.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two case studies involving preschool children with developmental learning disabilities (one with nystagmus and one with a hearing impairment) point to the need for appropriate ability as well as disability identification and assessment procedures (both had been diagnosed as mentally retarded) the potential of early diagnosis and intervention for…

Kirk, Samuel A.

1987-01-01

391

Welcoming and Supporting Disabled Students  

E-print Network

Welcoming and Supporting Disabled Students Into Physiotherapy THE CHARTERED SOCIETY OF PHYSIOTHERAPY Jane Owen Hutchinson and Karen Atkinson #12;1 Welcoming and Supporting Disabled Students Into Physiotherapy THE CHARTERED SOCIETY OF PHYSIOTHERAPY Jane Owen Hutchinson and Karen Atkinson #12;ISBN: 978 1

392

Persons'wi-th Disabilities  

E-print Network

TO TELECOMMUNICATIONS 36 A. Telephone Systems 36 B. Television Broadcasting 38 CHAPTER 5: EDUCATION 39 I. THE RIGHTS OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES IN PRIMARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION 39 A. All Children With Disabilities Have a Right to a AFree, Appropriate, Public Education@ 39 B. The Law 39 C. A Free

393

Competitive sports for the disabled  

Microsoft Academic Search

A full life experience for people with and without physical disabilities usually includes some form of recreation or sport. Competition adds to enjoyment of sport for many people and can improve morale. This paper reviews some of the competitive opportunities available for people with a physical disability. These include competition within existing \\

Mary Williams Clark

1980-01-01

394

A Feminist Theology of Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Disability and long term incurable illness still attract a variety of demonisation and prejudice. This includes many of the same kinds of hostility that have faced women. Disabled people are blamed for their condition, regarded as bestial, grotesque and unclean. They are excluded from ritual spaces by Levitical law, modern prejudice and practical indifference. Feminist Theology has sometimes contributed to

Doreen Freeman

2002-01-01

395

Dyslexia: Problems of Reading Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this book is to provide an understanding of both the educational and medical aspects of reading and to show how they are interrelated in reading disabilities. The various aspects of reading disabilities are presented in the following chapters: Introduction to the Reading Problem; Early Predictive Studies; Psychological Evaluation;…

Goldberg, Herman K.; Schiffman, Gilbert B.

396

Disability and the Education System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education is important for all children, but even more so for children with disabilities, whose social and economic opportunities may be limited. In this article, Laudan Aron and Pamela Loprest assess how well the nation's education system is serving students with disabilities. Aron and Loprest trace the evolution of the special education system…

Aron, Laudan; Loprest, Pamela

2012-01-01

397

Voices of Disability in Nursing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author shares her story of being a nurse with a disability who serves people with disabilities and older adults. She recounts her experience of what it is like to be stigmatized, marginalized, and to have lowered expectations because of her difference. The author had no right arm save about six inches from the shoulder down.…

Perkins, Liz

2009-01-01

398

Performing Determinism: Disability Culture Poetry  

Microsoft Academic Search

“Performing Determinism” discusses the performance of disability through poetry: the instability of language, the ability of words to clasp both generic and specific meaning, and the gaps that surround the performances of self. Disability culture acts as a frame for the inquiry, as the essay discusses crip aesthetics, crip critical practice, and the embodiment of language. In the reading of

Petra Kuppers

2007-01-01

399

A Model Disability Awareness Day.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an all-day conciousness raising program designed to teach elementary school students about the disabled. The program described consisted of oral presentations and a theater performance by disabled individuals; it was presented to 270 students at Mary A. Hubbard School in Ramsey, New Jersey. (GC)

Watson, Emily Strauss

1984-01-01

400

Security Measures to Protect Mobile Agents  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The security issues of mobile agent systems have embarrassed its widespread implementation. Mobile agents that move around the network are not safe because the remote hosts that accommodate the agents initiates all kinds of attacks. These hosts try to analyze the agent's decision logic and their accumulated data. So, mobile agent security is the most challenging unsolved problems. The paper analyzes various security measures deeply. Security especially the attacks performed by hosts to the visiting mobile agent (the malicious hosts problem) is a major obstacle that prevents mobile agent technology from being widely adopted. Being the running environment for mobile agent, the host has full control over them and could easily perform many kinds of attacks against them.

Dadhich, Piyanka; Govil, M. C.; Dutta, Kamlesh

2010-11-01

401

Mobile telephones, distracted attention, and pedestrian safety.  

PubMed

Driver distraction is a major cause of traffic accidents, with mobile telephones as a key source of distraction. In two studies, we examined distraction of pedestrians associated with mobile phone use. The first had 60 participants walk along a prescribed route, with half of them conversing on a mobile phone, and the other half holding the phone awaiting a potential call, which never came. Comparison of the performance of the groups in recalling objects planted along the route revealed that pedestrians conversing recalled fewer objects than did those not conversing. The second study had three observers record pedestrian behavior of mobile phone users, i-pod users, and pedestrians with neither one at three crosswalks. Mobile phone users crossed unsafely into oncoming traffic significantly more than did either of the other groups. For pedestrians as with drivers, cognitive distraction from mobile phone use reduces situation awareness, increases unsafe behavior, putting pedestrians at greater risk for accidents, and crime victimization. PMID:18215534

Nasar, Jack; Hecht, Peter; Wener, Richard

2008-01-01

402

Virtual reality, disability and rehabilitation.  

PubMed

Virtual reality, or virtual environment computer technology, generates simulated objects and events with which people can interact. Existing and potential applications for this technology in the field of disability and rehabilitation are discussed. The main benefits identified for disabled people are that they can engage in a range of activities in a simulator relatively free from the limitations imposed by their disability, and they can do so in safety. Evidence that the knowledge and skills acquired by disabled individuals in simulated environments can transfer to the real world is presented. In particular, spatial information and life skills learned in a virtual environment have been shown to transfer to the real world. Applications for visually impaired people are discussed, and the potential for medical interventions and the assessment and treatment of neurological damage are considered. Finally some current limitations of the technology, and ethical concerns in relation to disability, are discussed. PMID:9195138

Wilson, P N; Foreman, N; Stanton, D

1997-06-01

403

Disability evaluation of fibromyalgia.  

PubMed

These cases represent individuals who feel they have a severe impairment and are "disabled." They have been labeled with fibromyalgia. They are truly distressed. Their symptoms, their courses, are more chronic and refractory than those of medically ill patients, and they are high users of medical services, laboratory investigations, and surgical procedures. These patients see multiple providers simultaneously and frequently switch physicians. They are difficult to care for, and they reject psychosocial factors as an influence on their symptoms. Such persons "see themselves as victims worthy of a star appearance on the Oprah Winfrey show. A sense of bitterness emerges...." Shorter, a historian, believes that fibromyalgia is "heaven-sent to doctors as a diagnostic label for pain patients who display an important neurotic component in their illness. Our culture increasingly encourages patients to conceive vague and nonspecific symptoms as evidence of real disease and to seek specialist help for them; and the rising ascendancy of the media and the breakdown of the family encourage patients to acquire the fixed belief that they have a given illness...." Regarding the finding of "disability," this is a social construct, and many authors believe it is society and the judicial system who must decide who can work. To remain objective, the physician should report the objective clinical information. Physicians need not and should not sit in judgment of the veracity of another human being. PMID:11478200

Wolfe, C V

2001-08-01

404

MOBILE PROXIMITY PAYMENT: ECOSYSTEM  

E-print Network

MOBILE PROXIMITY PAYMENT: ECOSYSTEM AND OVERVIEW OF NFC TECHNOLOGY 1. Introduction Handsets confirm and heterogeneous. The Mobile Payment ecosystem involves a number of partners, such as: · banks; · Mobile Network

Shamos, Michael I.

405

Defining disability: metaphysical not political.  

PubMed

Recent discussions surrounding the conceptualising of disability has resulted in a stalemate between British sociologists and philosophers. The stagnation of theorizing that has occurred threatens not only academic pursuits and the advancement of theoretical interpretations within the Disability Studies community, but also how we educate and advocate politically, legally, and socially. More pointedly, many activists and theorists in the UK appear to believe the British social model is the only effective means of understanding and advocating on behalf of people with disabilities. This model, largely reliant upon materialist research traditions, contends that disability is a form of social oppression and hence, is a phenomenon that should be conceptualised in social terms. Individual properties such as impairments are disregarded as they are viewed to be unimportant in the analysis of the social causes of disability. Concurrently, many bioethicists and philosophers have embraced what Tom Shakespeare has classified as an 'Interactional Approach' to disability--that "the experience of a disabled person results from the relationship between factors intrinsic to the individual, and the extrinsic factors arising from the wider context in which she finds herself". I intend to demonstrate that the benefits of the British social model are now outweighed by its burdens. I suggest, as Jerome Bickenbach has, that while it may be somewhat churlish to critique the social model in light of its political success, taken literally, it implies that people with disabilities require no additional health resources by virtue of their impairments. Despite the eloquent arguments that have preceded me by interactional theorists, none have been accepted as evidence of fallacious reasoning by British social model theorists. This article is an attempt to clarify why it is that the types of arguments British social model theorists have been offering are misguided. I suggest that the British social model, unlike an interactional approach, is unable to provide a realistic account of the experience of disability, and subsequently, unable to be properly utilized to ensure justice for people with disabilities. PMID:22481609

Riddle, Christopher A

2013-08-01

406

End of Life and Women Aging with a Disability  

PubMed Central

Abstract Approximately 21 million noninstitutionalized Americans with physical disabilities will ultimately face end-of-life [EOL] issues. Studies have documented disparate care and poorer outcomes for persons with preexisting disabilities who have life-limiting illnesses, which raises the question of how EOL experiences may differ for these individuals. The aim of this qualitative, descriptive study was to explore how EOL issues might emerge within the life stories of women aging with functional disabilities. Interview data were obtained from a larger, ongoing ethnographic study focused on the creation of an explanatory model of health disparities of disablement in women with mobility impairment. Each participant was interviewed three to four times using a life-course perspective that captures life trajectories and transitions experienced over time. For this analysis, 41 interviews were selected from 20 participants who discussed issues related to death and dying. Content analysis of the data revealed five analytic categories: death as a signpost, impact of others' deaths, deaths that affected personal insights and choice, EOL possibilities, and a personal brush with death. EOL issues were manifested in a variety of ways that revealed both determination to remain as independent as possible within the context of declining functional ability and uncertainty regarding the future. PMID:22536990

Zolnierek, Cynthia; Harrison, Tracie; Walker, Janiece

2012-01-01

407

Center Director Bridges visits Disability Awareness and Action working Group Technology Fair  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Center Director Roy Bridges stops to talk to one of the vendors at the Disability Awareness and Action Working Group (DAAWG) Technology Fair being held Oct. 20-21 at Kennedy Space Center. With him at the far left is Sterling Walker, director of Engineering Development at KSC and chairman of DAAWG, and Nancie Strott, a multi-media specialist with Dynacs and chairperson of the Fair; at the right is Carol Cavanaugh, with KSC Public Services. The Fair is highlighting vendors demonstrating mobility, hearing, vision and silent disability assistive technology. The purpose is to create an awareness of the types of technology currently available to assist people with various disabilities in the workplace. The theme is that of this year's National Disability Employment Awareness Month, 'Opening Doors to Ability.' Some of the vendors participating are Canine Companions for Independence, Goodwill Industries, Accessible Structures, Division of Blind Services, Space Coast Center for Independent Living, KSC Fitness Center and Delaware North Parks Services.

1999-01-01

408

Transforming Disability Policy for Youth and Young Adults with Disabilities. Disability Policy Research Brief. Number 09-01  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transition to adulthood can be difficult for youth, particularly those who have disabilities severe enough that they receive Supplemental Security Income (SSI), Social Security Disability Insurance (DI), or other disability program benefits. Besides the issues facing all transition-age youth, young people with disabilities face a host of…

O'Day, Bonnie; Stapleton, David

2009-01-01

409

The Personal Mobility and Manipulation Appliance (PerMMA): a robotic wheelchair with advanced mobility and manipulation.  

PubMed

The Personal Mobility and Manipulation Appliance (PerMMA) is a recently developed personal assistance robot developed to provide people with disabilities and older adults enhanced assistance in both mobility and manipulation, which are two fundamental components for independently activities of daily life performing, community participation, and quality of life. Technologies to assist with mobility and manipulation are among the most important tools for clinicians, end users and caregivers; however, there are currently few systems that provide practical and coordinated assistance with mobility and manipulation tasks. The PerMMA was not only developed and evaluated to provide users and caregivers enhanced mobility and manipulation options, but also as a clinical tool as well as research platform. The development and evaluation of PerMMA are presented in the paper. PMID:23366637

Wang, Hongwu; Grindle, Garrett G; Candiotti, Jorge; Chung, Chengshiu; Shino, Motoki; Houston, Elaine; Cooper, Rory A

2012-01-01

410

Mobile Schools for a Mobile World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Overwhelmingly, independent schools are embracing mobile devices--laptops, iPads or other tablets, and smartphones--to enhance teaching and learning. This article describes the results of the "NAIS 2012 Mobile Learning Survey." Among its findings were that 75 percent of NAIS-member schools currently use mobile learning devices in at…

Booth, Susan

2013-01-01

411

Infertility: Why can't we classify this inability as disability?  

PubMed Central

Disability is a complex phenomenon. It reflects an interaction between features of a person's body and features of the society in which he or she lives. International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), lays stress on the functional as well as the structural problem of a person. All the definitions of disability also include the disorders of the reproductive and endocrine system. So infertility and impotency should also be included in the category of disability. It affects the participation in areas of life and can have a disabling affect on an individual. Like any other disability the couple has to adapt and integrate infertility in their sense of self thus infertility comes as a major life crisis. Medically, infertility, in most cases, is considered to be the result of a physical impairment or a genetic abnormality. Socially, couples are incapable of their reproductive or parental roles. On social level, infertility in most cultures remains associated with social stigma and taboo just like the social model of disability. Couples who are unable to reproduce may be looked down upon due to social stigmatisation. Infertility can lead to divorces and separation leading to a broken family life. Without labelling infertility as a disability, it is difficult for the people to access services and welfare benefits offered by the government. Infertility treatments are highly sophisticated so they are very expensive and are even not covered by insurance and government aid. In the light of all this it becomes imperative to categorise infertility as disability. PMID:22848333

Khetarpal, Abha; Singh, Satendra

2012-01-01

412

From Premack to PECS: 25 Years of Progress in Communication Intervention for Individuals with Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational and behavioural psychologists have made major contributions to the field of communication intervention for individuals with developmental and physical disabilities. A brief personal perspective is provided on some of the major works and contributors that have shaped the field over the past 25 years. Major contributions and personal…

Sigafoos, Jeff

2005-01-01

413

A Psychiatric Primer for Programs Serving People with Developmental Disabilities. Monograph #101.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for personnel in programs serving persons with developmental disabilities, the booklet provides basic information about the major psychiatric disorders and their treatment. Five sections cover: the major disorders; medications--uses and problems; assessment; cooordination of services; and psychiatric emergencies. Major disorders such as…

Dal Pozzo, Earlene; Bernstein, Gail S.

414

Native American Studies Major Major Advisors  

E-print Network

Native American Studies Major Major Advisors Laura Jimenez-Olvera & Dewey St. Germaine 532 & 530://ethnicstudies.berkeley.edu/ Undergraduate Program The Native American Studies Program exists to broaden the understanding of students interested in the history, culture, and contemporary situations of Native Americans in the United States

Walker, Matthew P.

415

Disability in people affected by leprosy: the role of impairment, activity, social participation, stigma and discrimination  

PubMed Central

Background Leprosy-related disability is a challenge to public health, and social and rehabilitation services in endemic countries. Disability is more than a mere physical dysfunction, and includes activity limitations, stigma, discrimination, and social participation restrictions. We assessed the extent of disability and its determinants among persons with leprosy-related disabilities after release from multi drug treatment. Methods We conducted a survey on disability among persons affected by leprosy in Indonesia, using a Rapid Disability Appraisal toolkit based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. The toolkit included the Screening of Activity Limitation and Safety Awareness (SALSA) scale, Participation Scale, Jacoby Stigma Scale (anticipated stigma), Explanatory Model Interview Catalogue (EMIC) stigma scale and Discrimination assessment. Community members were interviewed using a community version of the stigma scale. Multivariate linear regression was done to identify factors associated with social participation. Results Overall 1,358 persons with leprosy-related disability (PLD) and 931 community members were included. Seventy-seven percent of PLD had physical impairments. Impairment status deteriorated significantly after release from treatment (from 59% to 77%). Around 60% of people reported activity limitations and participation restrictions and 36% anticipated stigma. As for participation restrictions and stigma, shame, problems related to marriage and difficulties in employment were the most frequently reported problems. Major determinants of participation were severity of impairment and level of education, activity and stigma. Reported severity of community stigma correlated with severity of participation restrictions in the same districts. Discussion The majority of respondents reported problems in all components of disability. The reported physical impairment after release from treatment justifies ongoing monitoring to facilitate early prevention. Stigma was a major determinant of social participation, and therefore disability. Stigma reduction activities and socio-economic rehabilitation are urgently needed in addition to strategies to reduce the development of further physical impairment after release from treatment. PMID:22826694

van Brakel, Wim H.; Sihombing, Benyamin; Djarir, Hernani; Beise, Kerstin; Kusumawardhani, Laksmi; Yulihane, Rita; Kurniasari, Indra; Kasim, Muhammad; Kesumaningsih, Kadek I.; Wilder-Smith, Annelies

2012-01-01

416

Student Handbook Services for Students with Disabilities  

E-print Network

.............................................................................................................13 III. Students with Learning Disabilities (LD), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD......................................................................................................14 Reading Rooms.....................................................

Papalambros, Panos

417

Is there employment discrimination against the disabled  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whilst controlling for unobserved productivity differences, the gap in employment probabilities between the disabled and non-disabled is examined in the period following the Disability Discrimination Act. The evidence is consistent with a small positive effect of the legislation for the disabled.

Melanie K Jones

2005-01-01

418

Manchester Metropolitan University's Revised Disability Equality Scheme  

E-print Network

employees 33 Table 5 - Disabled student at MMU and within H.E 34 Table 6 - Graph illustrating disabled students at MMU and in H.E 34 Table 7 - Students by disability category 35 Table 8 - Student achievement 36Manchester Metropolitan University's Revised Disability Equality Scheme Submitted to the Equality

419

University of Oxford Disability Equality Scheme  

E-print Network

and Current Barriers Page 6 3.1. Engagement of Disabled People Page 6 3.2. Baseline Data on Disabled Students with Disabilities in DES Process Page 14 4.1 Results of Student Engagement in DES process Page 14 4.2 Results, invited from a cross section of the University including both undergraduate and graduate disabled students

Henderson, Gideon

420

Bad Bedfellows: Disability Sex Rights and Viagra  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The disability rights movement grounds material critiques of the treatment of people with disabilities in a social constructionist perspective, locating disability in the social rather than physical realm, and demedicalizing the concept of disability. However, this conceptualization is threatened by the medicalization of non-normative erections as…

Wentzell, Emily

2006-01-01

421

Career Maturity and Physically Disabled College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the relationships between career maturity, sex, physical disability, and grades in 40 disabled and 46 nondisabled college students. Results showed disabled students were more vocationally mature than nondisabled students and female students were more vocationally mature than males. Type of disability was not related to career maturity.…

Burkhead, E. Jane; Cope, Corrine S.

1984-01-01

422

Terri Schiavo: A Disability Rights Case  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author argues that Terri Schiavo was a "person with a disability" who faced disability discrimination, a view that is consistent with national disability rights groups. The author notes that Schiavo was not "terminally ill" and that feeding tubes should not be considered "medical equipment." The belief that people with severe disabilities want…

Johnson, Mary

2006-01-01

423

Children's Perceptions of Peers with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's books with characters that have disabilities have been touted as an avenue to introduce children to their peers with disabilities. Children's literature specialists have suggested that the use of these books may result in a more positive attitude on the part of children without disabilities toward their peers with disabilities. Working…

Smith-D'Arezzo, Wendy M.; Moore-Thomas, Cheryl

2010-01-01

424

Causal Relationships between Poverty and Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although research suggests why disability may cause poverty, it is not well understood why poverty may cause disability. This article presents the Poverty Disability Model, which includes four groups of factors that increase the risk that poverty will cause disability and chronic health problems. Rehabilitation interventions and counselor…

Lustig, Daniel C.; Strauser, David R.

2007-01-01

425

Advancements in mobile positioning technologies and mobile location networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mobile positioning technologies that utilize measurements of wireless communication signals are one of the most interesting topics in mobile communication systems today. In CDMA or WCDMA based mobile communication systems, hearability is one of the most critical and practical challenges to using its wireless communication signals for positioning. Also, in practice, the repeater systems widely used for cell enhancement or covering shadowed areas in urban environments often cause hearability problem and accuracy degradation. Therefore, solving hearability problem is a pre-requisite to building a reliable mobile positioning system. This thesis investigates the major causes of the hearability problem and proposes solution based on the thorough analysis of mobile communication system and field test results. To understand the hearability problem, the Pilot channel searcher function in the CDMA mobile station is analyzed with its receiver operating characteristics (ROC) obtained from simulations considering practical error sources. Using knowledge of Pilot channel search performance at the mobile station, hearability is tested within a cell area where hexagonal cell geometry and practical sectorization effect is assumed. An angle of departure (AOD) estimation scheme of the forward link signal utilizing the radiation gain patterns of sector antennas with a range measurement scheme defined in IS-95 or UMTS is proposed as a solution to the hearability problem at the inner cell area. The performance of the proposed AOD estimation scheme is shown with field test results. Since the Pilot channel measurement at the mobile station is obtained from the measurement of the detected and resolvable earliest arrival paths for the purpose of positioning, statistical properties of the detected and resolvable earliest arrival paths and the AODs of detected and resolvable earliest arrival paths are analyzed and described before introducing the AOD field experiments. Widely used cellular repeater systems bring another cause of hearability problem for mobile stations. This thesis introduces problems caused by repeater system and provides technical analysis of the problem. Finally, an identification signaling scheme for repeater systems is introduced as a solution; identification signal helps mobile stations distinguish repeated signals from non-repeated signals and builds an assistant location network with repeater networks.

Kong, Seung Hyun

426

[Independent living skills for physically handicapped students with profound disability].  

PubMed

Traditional educational curricula are inadequate for physically disabled students with very severe consequences of disablement, as they are insufficiently geared toward building Independent Living skills. Typical of their post-school situation nowadays, only few of them are in a position of making a direct transition into vocational training. The majority continues to need intensive educational-therapeutic services. The schools for the physically disabled seek to smoothen their transition into adult life by leaving-grade programmes aimed at providing opportunities for work-related experience as well as at building coping skills for day-to-day living. The work and life preparation programme represents a special organizational and didactical conception in this context, where the demands of adult life serve as the starting point for developing the learning and educational goals to be attained. PMID:1386158

Stadler, H

1992-05-01

427

Visual functions and disability in diabetic retinopathy patients  

PubMed Central

Purpose This study was undertaken to find correlations between visual functions and visual disabilities in patients with diabetic retinopathy. Method A cross-sectional study was carried out among 38 visually impaired diabetic retinopathy subjects at the Low Vision Clinic of B.P. Koirala Lions Centre for Ophthalmic Studies, Kathmandu. The subjects underwent assessment of distance and near visual acuity, objective and subjective refraction, contrast sensitivity, color vision, and central and peripheral visual fields. The visual disabilities of each subject in their daily lives were evaluated using a standard questionnaire. Multiple regression analysis between visual functions and visual disabilities index was assessed. Result The majority of subjects (42.1%) were of the age group 60–70 years. Best corrected visual acuity was found to be 0.73 ± 0.2 in the better eye and 0.93 ± 0.27 in the worse eye, which was significantly different at p = 0.002. Visual disability scores were significantly higher for legibility of letters (1.2 ± 0.3) and sentences (1.4 ± 0.4), and least for clothing (0.7 ± 0.3). Visual disability index for legibility of letters and sentences was significantly correlated with near visual acuity and peripheral visual field. Contrast sensitivity was also significantly correlated with the visual disability index, and total scores. Conclusion Impairment of near visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, and peripheral visual field correlated significantly with different types of visual disability. Hence, these clinical tests should be an integral part of the visual assessment of diabetic eyes. PMID:24646899

Shrestha, Gauri Shankar; Kaiti, Raju

2013-01-01

428

Music reduces pain and increases functional mobility in fibromyalgia  

PubMed Central

The pain in Fibromyalgia (FM) is difficult to treat and functional mobility seems to be an important comorbidity in these patients that could evolve into a disability. In this study we wanted to investigate the analgesic effects of music in FM pain. Twenty-two FM patients were passively exposed to (1) self-chosen, relaxing, pleasant music, and to (2) a control auditory condition (pink noise). They rated pain and performed the “timed-up & go task (TUG)” to measure functional mobility after each auditory condition. Listening to relaxing, pleasant, self-chosen music reduced pain and increased functional mobility significantly in our FM patients. The music-induced analgesia was significantly correlated with the TUG scores; thereby suggesting that the reduction in pain unpleasantness increased functional mobility. Notably, this mobility improvement was obtained with music played prior to the motor task (not during), therefore the effect cannot be explained merely by motor entrainment to a fast rhythm. Cognitive and emotional mechanisms seem to be central to music-induced analgesia. Our findings encourage the use of music as a treatment adjuvant to reduce chronic pain in FM and increase functional mobility thereby reducing the risk of disability. PMID:24575066

Garza-Villarreal, Eduardo A.; Wilson, Andrew D.; Vase, Lene; Brattico, Elvira; Barrios, Fernando A.; Jensen, Troels S.; Romero-Romo, Juan I.; Vuust, Peter

2014-01-01

429

The Stigma of Disabilities and the Americans with Disabilities Act  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Recently, as I was waiting to board a plane, I heard the gate agent make the following announcement: “If you have a disability\\u000a and need assistance, please come to the podium at this time.” I had never heard the boarding announcement stated in quite\\u000a this way before, which seemed to require individuals to declare that they had a disability in

Michael Selmi

430

Surviving Java for mobiles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile devices are gaining popularity worldwide, and constant hardware improvement is increasing their computational power every year. So, we can now equip mobile devices with more powerful applications. One of the most promising software platforms for mobile devices is Java 2 Micro Edition. Sun representatives assert that 18 to 20 million mobile phones support the J2ME platform. Analysts predict that

Dmitry S. Kochnev; Andrey A. Terekhov

2003-01-01

431

Swinburne University of Technology Disability / Medical Documentation Form Disability Services requires students to provide documentation of a disability or medical condition from a relevant professional, before  

E-print Network

requires students to provide documentation of a disability or medical condition from a relevant by Disability Services at Swinburne University to negotiate appropriate academic supports for students. Student impairment Physical Disability Mental Health Condition Learning Disability Neurological Condition Medical

Liley, David

432

Developing Accessible Mobile Phone Applications: The Case of a Contact Manager and Real Time Text Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Mobile phones are becoming increasingly popular and are already the first access technology to information and communication.\\u000a However, people with disabilities have to face a lot of barriers when using this kind of technology. This paper presents an\\u000a Accessible Contact Manager and a Real Time Text application, designed to be used by all users with disabilities. Both applications\\u000a are focused

María Fernanda Cabrera-Umpiérrez; Adrián Rodríguez Castro; Jon Azpiroz; Juan Bautista Montalvá Colomer; María Teresa Arredondo; Javier Cano-Moreno

433

Mass-mobilization with noisy conditional beliefs  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine the role played by information in shaping popular expectations in the process of political mobilization, and the development of revolutionary movements in particular. The vast majority of the people face the trade-off between the ‘risky’ option of joining the revolutionary movement and the ‘safe’ option of supporting the present regime. The large majority of the people are influenced

M. Koster; R. Lindelauf; I. Lindner; G. Owen

2008-01-01

434

Disability and Health: Healthy Living  

MedlinePLUS

... if you need immediate assistance. Call the National Domestic Violence hotline at: 1-800-799-SAFE or ... Disabilities Mail-Stop E88 1600 Clifton Rd. Atlanta , GA 30333 USA Contact CDC-INFO Contact CDC Centers ...

435

Language-Based Learning Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... are available for people with a language-based learning disability? The goals of speech and language treatment for the child with a reading problem target the specific aspects of reading and writing that the student is ...

436

Nursing Students with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the following topics: identification and classification of learning disabilities (LD), effects of LD on nursing students, teaching and learning, LD legislation, and academic interventions for nursing students with LD. (SK)

Selekman, Janice

2002-01-01

437

Disability Etiquette Guide The Basics  

E-print Network

's a Down's; she's mongoloid She has Down Syndrome Birth defect Has a congenital disability Epileptic with mental retardation or he has a cognitive impairment The autistic child The child has autism She

Jiang, Huiqiang

438

Science Careers and Disabled Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes proceedings and student experiences at the 1980 Science Career Workshop for Physically Disabled Students at the Lawrence Hall of Science (University of California). Includes a description of the key-note speaker's topics, and other workshop activities. (DS)

Jagoda, Sue; Cremer, Bob

1981-01-01

439

Equal Opportunity for Disabled Veterans?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since severely disabled veterans have the greatest employment problems, increased efforts in their behalf are recommended. Improved employment service activities for veterans and more extensive and intensive job development are sorely needed. (MW)

Richards, John

1975-01-01

440

JAMA Patient Page: Assessing Disability  

MedlinePLUS

... physical fitness and stamina, recognizing other abilities and talents, and perhaps vocational retraining. DISABILITY AT OLDER AGES ... any body part, organ system, or organ function.” Assessment of an abnormal anatomic structure, physiological function, intellectual ...

441

The National Organization on Disability  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1982, the mission of the National Organization on Disability (NOD) is âÂÂto expand the participation and contribution of AmericaâÂÂs 54 million men, women and children with disabilities in all aspects of life.â From their homepage, visitors can delve into a number of their resources, such as summaries of the organizationâÂÂs own advocacy work that deals with such themes as community involvement, economic participation, and creating an environment that is supportive for those with a broad range of disabilities. The site also contains important information for community leaders, such as summaries of projects developed by the NOD and its partners on topics such as making religious facilities more accessible. The site is rounded out by a section designed for the media that the general user will appreciate as well, as it contains a number of basic reports and surveys on disabled persons and general press releases.

442

Global privacy and transportation mode homogeneity anonymization in location based mobile systems with continuous queries  

Microsoft Academic Search

A major concern for deployment of location-based mobile systems is the ill-usage of mobile client's location data, which may imply sensitive and private personal information. Also, even if the location is exposed willingly by the mobile client the query should not be linked to the mobile client. Still, many location based systems (store finders, transit itinerary systems, and social networks)

Leon Stenneth; Phillip S. Yu

2010-01-01

443

Differential attitudes of Chinese students toward people with disabilities: a cross-cultural perspective.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to examine the attitudes of 338 Chinese secondary school students toward three major disability groups (people who are physically disabled, emotionally disturbed, and mentally retarded) using an adaptation of the American Scale of Attitudes toward Disabled Persons (SADP). We found that physically disabled persons were rated higher across the three subscales of the SADP compared to either emotionally disturbed and mentally retarded individuals, who were rated similarly low by the students. The lack of differentiation between the two mental handicapping conditions is at variance with contemporary western findings. The overall negative attitudes toward people with mental disabilities may have significant implications for community rehabilitation programming for this population. PMID:2976747

Chan, F; Hedl, J J; Parker, H J; Lam, C S; Chan, T N; Yu, B

1988-01-01

444

Smartphones Enabling Mobile Collaboration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobilization of the work-force is demanding new mobile and wireless technologies to facilitate contact between the growing number of mobile eWorkers and organizations. Smartphones incorporating mobile e-mail functionality enable instant access to e-mail boxes and company resources without complex synchronization. A study amongst sixteen German companies was conducted to elicit the influence of mobile e-mail on work-processes and communication. The

Bettina Beurer-zuellig; Miriam Meckel

2008-01-01

445

Mobile IPv6 Security  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile IPv6 provides global mobility and location management support for the IPv6 network layer protocol. The design of Mobile IPv6 incorporates security features that differ significantly from its predecessor, Mobile IPv4. Some of the new security features are intended to counter new threats raised by route optimization, while others align Mobile IPv6 security more closely with basic IPv6 security mechanisms.

James Kempf; Jari Arkko; Pekka Nikander

2004-01-01

446

Astronomical activities with disabled people  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As we celebrate the International Year of Astronomy, we have been working on four different projects with the goal of making astronomy more accessible to people with special needs. These projects are 1) an astronomy book and web site for blind people, 2) an open source software for people with motor disabilities, 3) a planetarium program for the visually impaired and 4) educational material for intellectually disabled people.

Ortiz-Gil, Amelia; Blay, Pere; Gallego Calvente, A. Teresa; Gómez, Miquel; Guirado, José Carlos; Lanzara, Mariana; Martínez Núñez, Silvia

2011-06-01

447

Introduction: Philosophical Reflections on Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The discussions in this volume take place against the backdrop of the development of an increasingly vocal “disability rights”\\u000a movement (henceforth DR) and the voluminous scholarly output of that movement’s “theoretical arm” (Snyder, 2006, p. 478),\\u000a the growing academic field of “disability studies.” Since some readers may be unfamiliar with these movements and their relationship\\u000a to what might be termed

D. Christopher Ralston; Justin Ho

448

The Individuals With Disabilities Education Act and California's Proposition 227: Implications for English Language Learners With Special Needs  

Microsoft Academic Search

California's Proposition 227 (1998) has affected the education of many English language learners (ELLs). However, the extent of Proposition 227's influence on special education planning and practice is unclear. ELLs who have moderate to severe disabilities face major communication obstacles. The present qualitative study looked specifically at the impact of California's Proposition 227 and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

Tracy Gershwin Mueller; George H. S. Singer; Elizabeth J. Grace

2004-01-01

449

Swiss Children's Moral and Psychological Judgments about Inclusion and Exclusion of Children with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's judgments about inclusion and exclusion of children with disabilities were investigated in a Swiss sample of 6-, 9-, and 12-year-old children from inclusive and noninclusive classrooms (N = 422). Overall, the majority of children judged it as morally wrong to exclude children with disabilities. Yet, participants were less likely to…

Gasser, Luciano; Malti, Tina; Buholzer, Alois

2014-01-01

450

Seeing the Same: A Follow-Up Study on the Portrayals of Disability in Graphic Novels Read by Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 2010 study of the portrayal of disabilities in graphic novels selected by librarians as the "Best" revealed that disabilities were present in less than half of the sample, and the majority of those depictions were of negative stereotypes (Irwin and Moeller 2010). This follow-up study looked at a best seller list of graphic novels to answer the…

Irwin, Marilyn; Moeller, Robin

2012-01-01

451

Disability and its effects on quality of life among older people living in Antalya city center, Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problems of older people become more prevalent with aging of the population. Occurrence of disability and its effects on living conditions are two of the major factors that determine the quality of life of elderly people. The aim of this study is to find out the frequency and severity level of disability for people aged 65 and older living

Levent Donmez; Zuhal Gokkoca; Necati Dedeoglu

2005-01-01

452

General Education Participation and Academic Performance of Students with Learning Disabilities. Facts from NLTS2. NCSER 2006-3001  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the second in a series of NLTS2 fact sheets focusing on the experiences and outcomes of youth in a specific disability category. Students with learning disabilities comprise almost two-thirds of those receiving special education services in secondary schools. The majority of these students spend at least part of their day in a general…

Newman, Lynn

2006-01-01

453

Illiteracy among Adults with Disabilities in the Developing World: A Review of the Literature and a Call for Action  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the early 1990s, UNESCO estimated that perhaps 97% of the world's 650 million disabled persons were unable to read or write, leading to significant efforts throughout the developing world to ensure that all children with disabilities attended school through "inclusive education" programmes. But what of the vast majority of persons with…

Groce, Nora Ellen; Bakhshi, Parul

2011-01-01

454

A Comparison of Postsecondary Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Enrollment for Students with and without Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author examined enrollment differences at postsecondary institutions between students with and without disabilities in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) majors to investigate the extent to which students with disabilities, compared with their counterparts, pursue highly demanded STEM careers that require postsecondary…

Lee, Ahlam

2011-01-01

455

The role of schools in constructing self?perceptions of sport and physical education in relation to people with disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Relatively little work has been carried out upon the effect of educational environment upon the sporting involvement of children with disabilities. This paper is concerned with the educational experiences of a group of athletes who competed in the Sydney 2000 Paralympic Games. It highlights the major influence that the impact of the educational experiences of a child with a disability

Ian Brittain

2004-01-01

456

Effects of teacher and student-constructed graphic postorganizers on science achievement for students with learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Science is a neglected area of education, particularly for students with learning disabilities. Because of recent reform efforts in science education, however, researchers, educators, and professionals in the field have proposed scientific literacy for all Americans regardless of grade or ability levels. Consequently, there is currently an increased interest in teaching science to students with learning disabilities. A major influence

Carolyn Cannon Kuehne

1997-01-01

457

Disability related to COPD tool (DIRECT): towards an assessment of COPD-related disability in routine practice  

PubMed Central

Background Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a worldwide public health concern. It is also a major source of disability that is often overlooked, depriving patients of effective treatments. This study describes the development and validation of a questionnaire specifically assessing COPD-related disability. Methods The DIsability RElated to COPD Tool (DIRECT) was developed according to reference methods, including literature review, patient and clinician interviews and test in a pilot study. A 12-item questionnaire was included for finalization and validation in an observational cross-sectional study conducted by 60 French pulmonologists, who recruited 275 COPD patients of stage II, III and IV according to the GOLD classification. Rasch modeling was conducted and psychometric properties were assessed (internal consistency reliability; concurrent and clinical validity). Results The DIRECT score was built from the 10 items retained in the Rasch model. Their internal consistency reliability was excellent (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.95). The score was highly correlated with the Saint George’s Respiratory Questionnaire Activity score (r = 0.83) and the London Handicap Scale (r = ?0.70), a generic disability measure. It was highly statistically significantly associated to four clinical parameters (P < 0.001): GOLD classification, BODE index, FEV1 and 6-minute walk distance. Conclusion DIRECT is a promising tool that could help enhance the management of COPD patients by integrating an evaluation of the COPD-related disability into daily practice. PMID:21760726

Aguilaniu, B; Gonzalez-Bermejo, J; Regnault, A; Barbosa, C Dias; Arnould, B; Mueser, M; Granet, G; Bonnefoy, M; Similowski, T

2011-01-01

458

Majority Gate Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents methods for realizing simple threshold functions of n arguments by networks of k-input majority gates, where k?n. An optimal network realization of the 5-argument majority function using 3-input majority gates is given, and it is then generalized by steps with realizations for the (2n-l)-argument majority function (where n = 3, 4, ...) using (2n-3)-input majority gates, and

S. Amarel; G. Cooke; R. O. Winder

1964-01-01

459

CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, LONG BEACH DISABLED STUDENT SERVICES  

E-print Network

Admission SPECIAL ADMISSIONS APPLICATION Disabled Student Services Today's Date: For which year? Cell Phone historical information regarding your disability and accommodations used. Describe your disabilities impact

Sorin, Eric J.

460

Nursing Faculty Experiences Teaching Students With Learning Disabilities .  

E-print Network

??Learning disabilities are the most prevalent disability reported in higher education, including nursing education. Yet, despite cognitive abilities for educational success, students with learning disabilities… (more)

Ardary, Darlene A.

2014-01-01

461

5 CFR 844.404 - Reinstatement of disability annuity.  

...OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DISABILITY RETIREMENT Termination and Reinstatement of Disability Annuity § 844.404 Reinstatement of disability...

2014-01-01

462

Public Transport for Everyone: A Summary of the Results of Research and Development Projects Concerning Disabled People and Transport Facilities Supported by the Swedish Transport Research Board. TFB-Report 1989:1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes the results of research and development concerning disabled individuals in Sweden and their use of transport facilities. The first section, "People with Impaired Mobility and Their Travel Needs," outlines Sweden's transport policy goal to adapt transport to the needs of disabled people, addresses the difficulty in…

Borjesson, Mats

463

How Mobility Increases Mobile Cloud Computing Processing Capacity  

E-print Network

How Mobility Increases Mobile Cloud Computing Processing Capacity Anh-Dung Nguyen, Patrick S--In this paper, we address a important and still unanswered question in mobile cloud computing "how mobility the resilience of mobile cloud computing services. Keywords--Mobile cloud computing, mobility, quality of service

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

464

Obesity - the new childhood disability? : exploring physical functioning and disability in children with obesity.  

E-print Network

??Adult obesity is associated with disability and reduced physical functioning. However, investigations in children are limited and have not explored obesity-related disability using the International… (more)

Tsiros, Margarita

2011-01-01

465

Depression-Related Work Disability: Socioeconomic Inequalities in Onset, Duration and Recurrence  

PubMed Central

Objective Depression is a major cause of disability in working populations and the reduction of socioeconomic inequalities in disability is an important public health challenge. We examined work disability due to depression with four indicators of socioeconomic status. Methods A prospective cohort study of 125 355 Finnish public sector employees was linked to national register data on work disability (>9 days) due to depressive disorders (International Classification of Diseases, codes F32–F34) from January 2005 to December 2011. Primary outcomes were the onset of work disability due to depressive disorders and, among those with such disability, return to work after and recurrent episodes of work disability due to depression. Results We found a consistent inverse socioeconomic gradient in work disability due to depression. Lower occupational position, lower educational level, smaller residence size, and rented (vs. owner-occupied) residence were all associated with an increased risk of work disability. Return to work was slower for employees with basic education (cumulative odds ratio?=?1.21, 95% CI: 1.05–1.39) compared to those with higher education. Recurrent work disability episodes due to depression were less common among upper-grade non-manual workers (the highest occupational group) than among lower-grade non-manual (hazard ratio?=?1.16, 95% CI: 1.07–1.25) and manual (hazard ratio?=?1.14, 95% CI: 1.02–1.26) workers. Conclusions These data from Finnish public sector employees show persistent socioeconomic inequalities in work disability due to depression from 2005 to 2011 in terms of onset, recovery and recurrence. PMID:24278194

Ervasti, Jenni; Vahtera, Jussi; Pentti, Jaana; Oksanen, Tuula; Ahola, Kirsi; Kivimäki, Mika; Virtanen, Marianna

2013-01-01

466

Injuries to athletes with disabilities: identifying injury patterns.  

PubMed

Participation in sport activities for people with disabilities continues to gain in popularity. With participation in sports, there is an inherent risk of injury. A review of current sport epidemiological studies was used and we concluded that injury patterns for this population are similar to those for athletes without disabilities. Injury data from Paralympic competitions dating back to 1976 indicate that most elite athletes with disabilities seek medical care for illness and musculo-skeletal injuries. However, there are very limited injury data regarding Winter Paralympic events or skiing injuries. For those athletes who participate in Summer Paralympic events, abrasions, strains, sprains and contusions are more common than fractures and dislocations. However, location of injuries appears to be disability and sport dependent. Lower extremity injuries are more common in ambulatory athletes (visually impaired, amputee, cerebral palsy) and upper extremity injuries are more frequent in athletes who use a wheelchair. While it appears that the majority of the injuries occurring in this population are minor in nature, inconsistencies in the definition of injury in the literature make this conclusion tenuous. When injuries are expressed as time lost in participation, 52% of injuries resulted in 7 days lost or less, 29% in 8 to 21 days lost and 19% in greater than 22 days lost. The only prospective study addressing injury rates of athletes with disabilities in a manner consistent with other sport epidemiological studies found an injury rate of 9.3 injuries per 1000 athlete-exposures (AE). This injury rate is less than American football (10.1 to 15/1000 AE) and soccer (9.8/1000 AE), and greater than basketball (7.0/1000 AE). It is unclear whether comparative statistics such as these take into consideration the number of illness and injury episodes that resulted from the disability. Further complicating epidemiological studies for athletes with disabilities is the definition of the population and samples of convenience which are frequently used. These samples are often not representative of the multiplicity of disability conditions, levels of competition and range of sport activities available. Prospective studies comparing athletes to sedentary control individuals to measure differences in injury rates, type and frequency between and within disability groups, sports and levels of competition are desperately needed to further the knowledge of injury trends and develop and establish accurate injury prevention programmes. PMID:10966152

Ferrara, M S; Peterson, C L

2000-08-01

467

Experiences of gout-related disability from the patients' perspective: a mixed methods study.  

PubMed

Disability is a common problem in patients with gout. Recently, the Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQ-DI) was recommended for assessing patient reported activity limitations in gout. However, few studies have explored experiences and issues of disability from the perspective of gout patients themselves. The objectives of this study were to explore disability issues in patients with gout and to examine the content validity of the HAQ-DI in this patient group. Two studies were performed: a semi-structured interview study with seven male gout patients and a cross-sectional survey study among 34 other patients with gout. In both studies, specific examples of activity limitations were elicited using open-ended methods. The survey study additionally aimed to quantify the relevance of the activities listed in the HAQ-DI. Most patients experienced several gout attacks in the previous year. Limitations were reported to occur during a flare, but patients were generally not limited between attacks. During an attack, patients mainly experienced limitations related to mobility, especially walking and climbing stairs. Patients also mentioned limitations in activities related to domestic life, such as gardening and doing housework. Limitations related to self-care or activities requiring the use of the upper extremities were rarely mentioned. Corresponding HAQ-DI items were skewed towards very low disability scores over the past week. Assessments of gout-related disability should particularly focus on mobility and lower extremity functioning and should consider the intermittent nature of the disease. The HAQ-DI may not adequately meet these requirements, suggesting the need to explore other measures of gout-related disability PMID:24077900

ten Klooster, Peter M; Vonkeman, Harald E; Voshaar, Martijn A H Oude; Bode, Christina; van de Laar, Mart A F J

2014-08-01

468

Burden of Restraint, Disablement and Ethnic Identity: A Case Study of Total Joint Replacement for Osteoarthritis  

PubMed Central

Health disparities in total joint replacement have been documented based on gender and ethnicity in multiple countries. Absent are studies exploring the meaning of the procedures among diverse women, which is necessary to fully understand the impact of the disparity. Drawing on ethnographic data from a life course exploration of disablement among Mexican American women with mobility impairments, one woman’s reasons for forgoing a joint replacement are considered. It is suggested that inequalities in disablement cannot be understood without considering the mulitple cultural conflicts and loyalties that push and pull women in multiple directions. PMID:21767094

Harrison, Tracie

2010-01-01

469

Clinical predictors of aggressive/disabling disease: ulcerative colitis and crohn disease.  

PubMed

Many clinical factors predict the aggressive course of CD. Younger age at initial diagnosis, the presence of perianal lesions, ileal involvement, smoking, and the need for therapy with corticosteroids are the major predictors of disabling disease or change of behavior to a more aggressive disease. On the other hand, treatment with azathioprine and biologic agents and colonic localization of disease are the major factors that are predictive of less aggressive CD course. The problem we face with determining the factors that increase the risk of disabling disease is that there is no standardized and consistent definition of disabling or aggressive disease. Only two studies analyzed predictors using the same definition of aggressive disease. Only Beaugerie and colleagues developed the score predictive of disabling disease based on three independent factors associated with disabling course that were present at the time of initial diagnosis of CD (requirement of corticosteroids, age less than 40 years, and presence of perianal disease). This score ranged from 0 to 3 points based on the presence of given parameters. The positive predictive value was 0.91 and 0.93 in patients having two or three risk factors, 0.61 for no factors present, and 0.67 for one factor present. In order to determine factors predictive of disabling CD there is a need to establish consistent definition of disabling disease with subsequent future studies on large group of patients to validate such definition and determine factors that may predict the aggressive course. PMID:22500528

Blonski, Wojciech; Buchner, Anna M; Lichtenstein, Gary R

2012-06-01

470

Major Rock Groups  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource from the University of Saskatchewan contains general information on the major rock groups: igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary. Describes the rock cycle and the properties and formation of each major rock group.

2008-08-21

471

Community intervention to deter illegal parking in spaces reserved for the physically disabled.  

PubMed Central

Illegal use of reserved parking spaces represents a major obstacle to the independence and mobility of people with physical disabilities. Using an ABACACA reversal design, the daily rates of illegal parking in four reserved spaces were examined across three types of sign displays: (a) a vertical sign alone or in combination with (b) a message sign that announced the possibility of public surveillance or (c) a message dispenser device that announced community involvement and dispensed politely worded reminder notes. The average rate of illegal parking dropped from 51.3% during the initial vertical sign phase to 37.3% under the message sign condition, followed by an increase to 50.4% when the message was removed. Illegal parking decreased to 24.5% when the message dispensers were first used (followed by an increase to 57.0% when they were removed) and to 23.7% when the message dispenser condition was repeated. Illegal parking in the final vertical sign condition failed to return to previous levels (M = 37.3%). PMID:1839156

Cope, J G; Allred, L J

1991-01-01

472

Mobile Router Technology Development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Cisco Systems and NASA have been performing joint research on mobile routing technology under a NASA Space Act Agreement. Cisco developed mobile router technology and provided that technology to NASA for applications to aeronautic and space-based missions. NASA has performed stringent performance testing of the mobile router, including the interaction of routing and transport-level protocols. This paper describes mobile routing, the mobile router, and some key configuration parameters. In addition, the paper describes the mobile routing test network and test results documenting the performance of transport protocols in dynamic routing environments.

Ivancic, William D.; Stewart, David H.; Bell, Terry L.; Kachmar, Brian A.; Shell, Dan; Leung, Kent

2002-01-01

473

Cognitive predictors of young children's readiness for powered mobility.  

PubMed

Independent mobility in early childhood has been associated with the development of various cognitive and psychosocial skills. However, children with physical disabilities are not always able to move independently and may be at risk for delays in these areas. Early provision of powered mobility can offer young children an opportunity for independent mobility. Despite this, there is little information to help determine when a young child has the cognitive skills necessary to operate a powered wheelchair safely. This current research aims to identify these skills. A cognitive assessment battery and a wheelchair mobility training and assessment program were developed. Twenty-six children with physical disabilities between the ages of 20 and 36 months were evaluated on the cognitive assessment and participated in the wheelchair training and assessment program. A stepwise regression analysis was used to determine which of the cognitive skills predicted wheelchair mobility performance. The cognitive domains of spatial relations and problem solving were found to be significant and accounted for 57% of the variance in wheelchair skills. Developmental cut-off points on these scales as they relate to wheelchair skills are presented and clinical applications are discussed. PMID:10587042

Tefft, D; Guerette, P; Furumasu, J

1999-10-01

474

Comparison of legislation concerning people with disability and heritage environment in Malaysia and developed countries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Heritage towns and buildings are invaluable cultural assets of a nation, and are extremely useful in manifesting place identity, and crucial in promoting tourism. These places of cultural significance should be made accessible to everyone including people with mobility or sensory impairments, the elderly, parents with small children and those who are temporarily disabled due to injury or illness. By creating a accessible heritage environment not only can you cater towards the increasing population of disabled people, but you could increase the number of cultural properties as resources of a nation through 'accessible tourism'. However the differences in implementation of barrier-free tourism for historic buildings and places are rather large between developed and developing countries such as Malaysia. This paper serves as preliminary study on accessibility of heritage environment in Malaysia. First, review of some related definitions, perception toward disability, and background studies in disability movement will be discussed to achieve better understanding of the increasing population of disabled people and how it would affect the development of infrastructure in the built environment. Second, it will look into existing legislation concerning heritage conservation and legislation on provision of access for the disabled in Malaysia and other developing countries. Finally, this paper seeks to find gaps between these legislations and conclude with some recommendations.

Marsin, J. M.; Ariffin, S. I.; Shahminan, R. N. R.

2014-02-01

475

Effective Laboratory Experiences for Students with Disabilities: The Role of a Student Laboratory Assistant  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Two separate experiences with students whose disabilities significantly limited the number of laboratory activities they could accomplish independently has given us a general experience base for determining successful strategies for accommodating students facing these situatiuons. For a student who had substantially limited physical mobility and for a student who had no visual ability, employing a student laboratory assistant allowed the students with disabilities to have a productive and positive laboratory experience. One of the priorities in these situations should be to avoid depersonalizing the student with a disability. Interactions with the instructor and with other students should focus on the disabled student rather than the student laboratory assistant who may be carrying out specific tasks. One of the most crucial aspects of a successful project is the selection of a laboratory assistant who has excellent interpersonal skills and who will add his or her creativity to that of the student with a disability to meet unforeseen challenges. Other considerations are discussed, such as the importance of advance notification that a disabled student has enrolled in a course as well as factors that should contribute to choosing an optimum laboratory station for each situation.

Pence, Laura E.; Workman, Harry J.; Riecke, Pauline

2003-03-01

476

Reaching everyone: Promoting the inclusion of youth with disabilities in evaluating foster care outcomes  

PubMed Central

Efforts to evaluate foster care outcomes must avoid systematic exclusion of particular groups. Although often unrecognized as such, youth with disabilities are highly overrepresented in the U.S. foster care system, and yet youth with some disabilities, including those with intellectual, serious emotional, and physical impairments may be underrepresented in research and evaluation studies evaluating foster care outcomes. The recruitment and retention of youth with various disabilities in such studies can be impeded by under-identification of disability and relatively high placement and school mobility. Furthermore, youth with various disabilities may experience more disappointing outcomes than foster youth overall, underscoring the importance of including these youth in outcome tracking efforts. This is especially relevant given the recent implementation of the National Youth in Transition Database (NYTD), which requires that state child welfare agencies gather baseline information about youth in foster care at age 17, and then survey outcomes at 19 and 21. To promote the full participation of foster youth with disabilities in such outcome evaluation, this paper describes successful strategies for identifying and retaining participants that were used in three separate longitudinal intervention studies. These strategies include the systematic recruitment of foster youth by special education status, and creative use of validated tracking and retention strategies incorporating minor accommodations as needed. PMID:24273364

Blakeslee, Jennifer E.; Quest, A. Del; Powers, Jennifer; Powers, Laurie E.; Geenen, Sarah; Nelson, May; Dalton, Lawrence D.; McHugh, Elizabeth

2013-01-01

477

Disability and SENDA What you need to know  

E-print Network

, dysgraphia Disability at Royal Holloway Royal Holloway has approximately 681 disabled students (8 required to do? · Make 'reasonable adjustments' to ensure that disabled students are not at a `substantial disabled students `less favo

Royal Holloway, University of London

478

20 CFR 220.45 - Providing evidence of disability.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Providing evidence of disability. 220.45 Section 220...RETIREMENT ACT DETERMINING DISABILITY Evidence of Disability § 220.45 Providing evidence of disability. (a) General....

2010-04-01

479

UConn's Online Graduate Certificate Program in Postsecondary Disability Services  

E-print Network

in Postsecondary Disability Services Transition Planning for Students with Disabilities Independent StudyUConn's Online Graduate Certificate Program in Postsecondary Disability Services he University or university Offices for Students with Disabilities, and higher education profes- sionals who collaborate

Alpay, S. Pamir

480

Learned helplessness in mentally retarded and learning disabled versus normal subjects: an attributional approach  

E-print Network

LEARNED HELPLESSNESS IN MENTALLY RETARDED AND LEARNING DISABLED VERSUS NORMAL SUBJECTS: AN ATTRIBUTIONAL APPROACH A Thesis by VERONICA LADELL DAVIS Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ABM University in Partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1981 Major Subject: Psychology LEARNED HELPLESSNESS IN MENTALLY RETARDED AND LEARNING DISABLED VERSUS NORMAL SUBJECTS: AN ATTRIBUTIONAL APPROACH A Thesis by VERONICA LADELL DAVIS Approved...

Davis, Veronica Ladell

2012-06-07

481

Breaking New Ground: a virtual global library service to widen access for people with print disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Only 3-5% of all print based material available to the sighted community can be accessed by people with a print disability. In Australia, over 300,000 people are affected by blindness and low vision. With an aging population over 521,000 will be affected by 2021. The wider issue of print disability affects almost 4 million Australians. The major blindness and print

Tony Iezzi; Julie Rae

482

Sexuality in women with physical disabilities: A social justice or health issue?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The negative attitudes that exist regarding sexuality in women with disabilities are discussed. The major justifications given\\u000a for such attitudes seem to run contrary to social justice principles and, in fact, invariably have severe health implications\\u000a for such women. It is concluded that women with disabilities need to be wary of aligning themselves exclusively with either\\u000a the women's movement or

Christine M. Tilley

1996-01-01

483

Theoretical Mobility Analysis of Ion Mobility Spectrometry  

E-print Network

with each noble gas. A similar trend was exhibited in each gas. Figure 5. Reduced mobility vs. E. Results Trends in mobility were found based on the identity of the ion and drift gas and their respective+ 40Ar with the same reduced mass. The same trend was found for all ion/neutral combinations. Figure 2

Collins, Gary S.

484

Ensuring Mobility-Supporting Environments for an Aging Population: Critical Actors and Collaborations  

PubMed Central

Successful aging takes on an array of attributes, including optimal health and community participation. Research indicates that (1) persons with disabilities, including age-related disabilities, report frequent barriers to community participation, including unsuitable building design (43%), transportation (32%), and sidewalks/curbs (31%), and (2) many seniors report an inability to cross roads safely near their homes. This paper attempts to define mobility-related elements that contribute to optimal health and quality of life, within the context of successful aging. It then examines the impacts of community design on individual mobility, delving into which traditional and nontraditional actors—including architects, urban planners, transportation engineers, occupational therapists, and housing authorities—play critical roles in ensuring that community environments serve as facilitators (rather than barriers) to mobility. As America ages, mobility challenges for seniors will only increase unless both traditional aging specialists and many nontraditional actors make a concerted effort to address the challenges. PMID:21766029

Kochtitzky, Chris S.; Freeland, Amy L.; Yen, Irene H.

2011-01-01

485

Mobile Proactive secret sharing  

E-print Network

This thesis describes mobile proactive secret sharing (MPSS), an extension of proactive secret sharing. Mobile proactive secret sharing is much more flexible than proactive secret sharing in terms of group membership: ...

Schultz, David Andrew

2007-01-01

486

Tandem mobile robot system  

DOEpatents

A robotic vehicle system for terrain navigation mobility provides a way to climb stairs, cross crevices, and navigate across difficult terrain by coupling two or more mobile robots with a coupling device and controlling the robots cooperatively in tandem.

Buttz, James H. (Albuquerque, NM); Shirey, David L. (Albuquerque, NM); Hayward, David R. (Albuquerque, NM)

2003-01-01

487

Make a Mobile!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners make mobiles to explore the concepts of balance, counterbalance, weight, and counterweight. Learners are encouraged to work in groups or with their families to create balanced mobiles using a variety of materials of varying weights.

Museum, Chicago C.

2010-01-01

488

Mobility management for all-IP mobile networks: mobile IPv6 vs. proxy mobile IPv6  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently, a network-based mobility management protocol called Proxy Mobile IPv6 (PMIPv6) is being actively standardized by the IETF NETLMM working group, and is starting to attract considerable attention among the telecommunication and Internet communities. Unlike the various existing protocols for IP mobility management such as Mobile IPv6 (MIPv6), which are host-based approaches, a network-based approach such as PMIPv6 has salient

Ki-Sik Kong; Wonjun Lee; Youn-Hee Han; Myung-Ki Shin; HeungRyeol You

2008-01-01

489

Assessment, Disability, Student Engagement and Responses to Intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Assessment is central to the provision of meaningful and productive learning experiences for all students. The majority of\\u000a students in today’s classroom benefit from core instruction; however, for a small percentage of students with a disability,\\u000a learning requires more intensive instruction. It is this cohort of learners that we consider in this chapter. While the needs\\u000a of these learners are

Deb Keen; Michael Arthur-Kelly

490

Screening for Developmental Disabilities in Developing Countries  

PubMed Central

Despite waxing international interest in child disability, little information exists about the situation of children with disabilities in developing countries. Using a culture-free screen for child disability from the 2005–2007 Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey, this study reports percentages of children in 16 developing countries who screened positive for cognitive, language, sensory, and motor disabilities, covariation among disabilities, deviation contrasts that compare each country to the overall effect of country (including effects of age and gender and their interactions), and associations of disabilities with the Human Development Index. Developmental disabilities vary by child age and country, and younger children in developing countries with lower standards of living are more likely to screen positive for disabilities. The discussion of these findings revolves around research and policy implications. PMID:23294875

Bornstein, Marc H.; Hendricks, Charlene

2012-01-01

491

METROPOLITAN ATLANTA DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES PROGRAM (MADDSP)  

EPA Science Inventory

To address the problem of developmental disabilities among children, CDC, the former Division of Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, which was funded by the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR), and the Georgia Department of Human Resources, initiate...

492

Categories of Disability under IDEA Law  

MedlinePLUS

... not include learning problems that are primarily the result of visual, hearing, or motor disabilities; of intellectual disability; of emotional disturbance; or of environmental, cultural, or economic disadvantage. Back to top 12. Speech or Language ...

493

Rehabilitation Research on Disability: New Horizons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an overview of research on disability and integrates rehabilitation research with the mainstream of scientific activity. Examples of disability research are given covering spinal cord injury, facial disfigurement, cancer of the larynx, and cystic fibrosis. (Author/TA)

Goldberg, Richard T.

1977-01-01

494

Describing the cognitive characteristics of reading disability.  

E-print Network

??The present study examined cognitive correlates of reading disability (RD) as a function of comorbidity. Students with RD vs. RD+MD (math disability) vs. RD+ADHD (attention-deficit/hyperactivity… (more)

Kearns, Devin McCready

2010-01-01

495

Women with Disabilities and Breast Cancer Screening  

MedlinePLUS

... Policy Makers CDC Employees and Reasonable Accommodations (RA) Women with Disabilities and Breast Cancer Screening Share Compartir ... for breast cancer live long and healthy lives. Women with Disabilities Are Less Likely to Have Received ...

496

Development of medical garments and apparel for the elderly and the disabled  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper critically reviews medical garments with various functions and development aspects. Textiles used and developing technologies are systematically introduced. Medical garment products are described according to three major functions: protective, treatment and caring functions. Although the main theme of this paper discusses products for the elderly and the disabled, it also contains major parts on medical garments, which include

Ng Sau-Fun; Hui Chi-Leung; Wong Lai-Fan

2011-01-01

497

The Relationship between Dysfunctional Career Thoughts and Adjustment to Disability in College Students with Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the relationship between dysfunctional career thoughts and adjustment to disability among college students with learning disabilities. Data were obtained from 153 college students with learning disabilities at a large southern university and 595 general college students from the normative sample of the Career Thoughts Inventory (CTI). Results indicated that college students with learning disabilities had fewer dysfunctional

Abiola Dipeolu; Robert Reardon; James Sampson; Jane Burkhead

2002-01-01

498

Making disability visible: How disability studies might transform the medical and science writing classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes how disability studies can be used in a medical and science writing class to critically examine the assumptions of scientific discourse. An emerging, interdisciplinary field, disability studies draws on feminist, postmodern, and post?colonial theory and extends their critiques to the medicalization of disability. Deconstructing the medical model of disability helps students understand how science is socially constructed.

James C. Wilson

2000-01-01

499

Investigation of Raising Burden of Children with Autism, Physical Disability and Mental Disability in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The family economic burden of raising autistic children, physical disabled children and mental disabled children were evaluated in China. 227 parents of children with autism, children with physical disability, children with mental disability and normal children were interviewed for children's costs, family income and economic assistance, etc. The…

Xiong, Nina; Yang, Li; Yu, Yang; Hou, Jiaxun; Li, Jia; Li, Yuanyuan; Liu, Hairong; Zhang, Ying; Jiao, Zhengang

2011-01-01

500

Theorising the Lives of Disabled Children: How Can Disability Theory Help?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The emergence of both disability studies and the new social studies of childhood has seen a new approach in the study of disability in childhood. The focus has shifted from an exploration of impairment to one that prioritises the social with disabled children themselves placed at the centre of the research. This article concentrates on disability

Watson, Nick

2012-01-01