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1

MAJOR MOBILITY DISABILITY-ASSESSMENT AND BASELINE PERFORMANCE IN LIFE  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Major mobility disability has previously been defined by self-reported inability to walk ¼ mile. Observed inability to walk 400 meters provides a valid and objective disability endpoint for clinical trials that is relevant to community walking, future advanced disability and mortality. LIFE particip...

2

Effect of structured physical activity on prevention of major mobility disability in older adults: the LIFE Study randomized clinical trial  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY Importance In older adults reduced mobility is common and is an independent risk factor for morbidity, hospitalization, disability, and mortality. Limited evidence suggests that physical activity may help prevent mobility disability; however, there are no definitive clinical trials examining if physical activity prevents or delays mobility disability. Objective To test the hypothesis that a long-term structured physical activity program is more effective than a health education program (also referred to as a successful aging program) in reducing the risk of major mobility disability. Design, Setting, and Participants The Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) study was a multicenter, randomized trial that enrolled participants between February 2010 and December 2011, who participated for an average of 2.6 years. Follow-up ended in December 2013. Outcome assessors were blinded to the intervention assignment. Participants were recruited from urban, suburban and rural communities at 8 field centers throughout the US. We randomized a volunteer sample of 1,635 sedentary men and women aged 70–89 years who had physical limitations, defined as a score on the Short Physical Performance Battery of 9 or below, but were able to walk 400 m. Interventions Participants were randomized to a structured moderate intensity physical activity program (n=818) done in a center and at home that included including aerobic, resistance and flexibility training activities or to a health education program (n=817) consisting of workshops on topics relevant to older adults and upper extremity stretching exercises. Main Outcomes and Measures The primary outcome was major mobility disability objectively defined by loss of ability to walk 400 m. Results Incident major mobility disability occurred in 30.1% (n=246/818) of physical activity and 35.5% (n=290/817) of health education participants (HR=0.82, 95%CI=0.69–0.98, p=0.03). Persistent mobility disability was experienced by 120/818 (14.7%) physical activity and 162/817 (19.8%) health education participants (HR=0.72; 95%CI=0.57–0.91; p=0.006). Serious adverse events were reported by 404/818 (49.4%) of the physical activity and 373/817 (45.7%) of the health education participants (Risk Ratio=1.08; 95%CI=0.98–1.20). Conclusions and Relevance A structured moderate intensity physical activity program, compared with a health education program, reduced major mobility disability over 2.6 years among older adults at risk of disability. These findings suggest mobility benefit from such a program in vulnerable older adults. Registration ClinicalsTrials.gov identifier NCT01072500. PMID:24866862

Pahor, Marco; Guralnik, Jack M.; Ambrosius, Walter T.; Blair, Steven; Bonds, Denise E.; Church, Timothy S.; Espeland, Mark A.; Fielding, Roger A.; Gill, Thomas M.; Groessl, Erik J.; King, Abby C.; Kritchevsky, Stephen B.; Manini, Todd M.; McDermott, Mary M.; Miller, Michael E.; Newman, Anne B.; Rejeski, W Jack; Sink, Kaycee M.; Williamson, Jeff D.

2014-01-01

3

Muscle strength and BMI as predictors of major mobility disability in the lifestyle interventions and independence for elders pilot (LIFE-P)  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Muscle weakness and obesity are two significant threats to mobility facing the increasing number of older adults. To date, there are no studies that have examined the association of strength and body mass index (BMI) on event rates on a widely used performance measure of major mobility disability. T...

4

The Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) study, randomized trial of physical activity: Effect on the prevention of major mobility disability  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

In older adults reduced mobility is common and is an independent risk factor for morbidity, hospitalization, disability, and mortality. Limited evidence suggests that physical activity may help prevent mobility disability; however, there are no definitive clinical trials examining if physical activi...

5

Designing a Mobile Survey Application for People with Cognitive Disabilities  

E-print Network

. The community of researchers developing technologies for people with cognitive disabilities has begun to create.g., [3]). In our development effort, researchers investigating cognitive disabilities enlighten to develop a mobile questionnaire application for people with moderate to severe cognitive disabilities

McCrickard, Scott

6

Disability and cross-border mobility: comparing resettlement experiences of Cambodian and Somali refugees with disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores disabled people’s access to cross-border mobility within the context of refugee resettlement. The research presented in this paper stems from an ethnographic study involving in-depth interviews, focus groups and participant observations with 15 disabled Somali and Cambodian refugees resettled in the United States. The study combined ethnographic data with information obtained from key experts and interpretive analysis

Mansha Mirza

2011-01-01

7

Mobility Stress Test Approach to Predicting Frailty, Disability, and Mortality In High Functioning Older Adults  

PubMed Central

Background A major challenge to developing primary preventive interventions for frailty and disability in older adults is lack of validated simple clinical tools to identify high-risk individuals without overt signs of poor health. Objectives To examine the validity of the Walking While Talking test (WWT), a mobility stress test, to predict frailty, disability and death in high functioning older adults. Design prospective cohort study. Setting Community sample. Participants 631 community-residing adults age 70 and older participating in the Einstein Aging Study (mean follow-up 32 months). High functioning status at baseline was defined as absence of disability, dementia, and normal walking speeds. Main outcome measures Hazard ratios for frailty, disability, and all-cause mortality. Frailty was defined as presence of three out of the following five attributes: weight loss, weakness, exhaustion, low physical activity and slow gait. We also compared predictive validity of WWT with Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) for study outcomes. Results 218 subjects developed frailty, 88 disability, and 49 died. Each 10 cm/s decrease in WWT speed was associated with increased risk of frailty (Hazard ratio 1.12, 95% CI 1.06 to 1.18), disability (Hazard ratio 1.13, 95% CI 1.03 ?1.23), and mortality (Hazard ratio 1.13, 95% CI 1.01 – 1.27). Most associations remained robust even after accounting for potential confounders and gait speed. Comparisons of HR and model fit suggest that WWT may better predict frailty whereas SPPB may better predict disability. Conclusion Mobility stress tests such as the WWT are robust predictors of risk of frailty, disability, and mortality in high functioning older adults. PMID:23002714

Verghese, Joe; Holtzer, Roee; Lipton, Richard B.; Wang, Cuiling

2012-01-01

8

Specific Reading Comprehension Disability: Major Problem, Myth, or Misnomer?  

PubMed Central

The goal of the present study was to test three competing hypotheses about the nature of comprehension problems of students who are poor in reading comprehension. Participants in the study were first, second, and third graders, totaling 9 cohorts and over 425,000 participants in all. The pattern of results was consistent across all cohorts: Less than one percent of first- through third-grade students who scored as poor in reading comprehension were adequate in both decoding and vocabulary. Although poor reading comprehension certainly qualifies as a major problem rather than a myth, the term specific reading comprehension disability is a misnomer: Individuals with problems in reading comprehension that are not attributable to poor word recognition have comprehension problems that are general to language comprehension rather than specific to reading. Implications for assessment and intervention are discussed. PMID:25143666

Spencer, Mercedes; Quinn, Jamie M.; Wagner, Richard K.

2013-01-01

9

Specific Reading Comprehension Disability: Major Problem, Myth, or Misnomer?  

PubMed

The goal of the present study was to test three competing hypotheses about the nature of comprehension problems of students who are poor in reading comprehension. Participants in the study were first, second, and third graders, totaling 9 cohorts and over 425,000 participants in all. The pattern of results was consistent across all cohorts: Less than one percent of first- through third-grade students who scored as poor in reading comprehension were adequate in both decoding and vocabulary. Although poor reading comprehension certainly qualifies as a major problem rather than a myth, the term specific reading comprehension disability is a misnomer: Individuals with problems in reading comprehension that are not attributable to poor word recognition have comprehension problems that are general to language comprehension rather than specific to reading. Implications for assessment and intervention are discussed. PMID:25143666

Spencer, Mercedes; Quinn, Jamie M; Wagner, Richard K

2014-02-01

10

Factors Related to Hysterectomy in Women with Physical and Mobility Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper aims to identify self-report data for hysterectomy prevalence and to explore its correlated factors among women with physical and mobility disabilities in Taiwan. This paper was part of a larger study, "Survey on Preventive Health Utilizations of People with Physical and Mobility Disability in Taiwan," which is a cross-sectional survey…

Lin, Lan-Ping; Hsieh, Molly; Chen, Si-Fan; Wu, Chia-Ling; Hsu, Shang-Wei; Lin, Jin-Ding

2012-01-01

11

Perceived neighborhood safety and incident mobility disability among elders: the hazards of poverty  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: We investigated whether lack of perceived neighborhood safety due to crime, or living in high crime neighborhoods was associated with incident mobility disability in elderly populations. We hypothesized that low-income elders and elders at retirement age (65 – 74) would be at greatest risk of mobility disability onset in the face of perceived or measured crime-related safety hazards. METHODS:

Cheryl R Clark; Ichiro Kawachi; Louise Ryan; Karen Ertel; Martha E Fay; Lisa F Berkman

2009-01-01

12

Mobile arm for disabled people assistance Manipulability measure for redundancy solve  

E-print Network

1 Mobile arm for disabled people assistance Manipulability measure for redundancy solve KHIAR NAIT) is for object manipulation by upper limb disabled people with or without mobility. The system is composed with respect to needs. The application field concerns assistive robotics for object manipulation tasks. Works

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

13

Genome sequencing identifies major causes of severe intellectual disability.  

PubMed

Severe intellectual disability (ID) occurs in 0.5% of newborns and is thought to be largely genetic in origin. The extensive genetic heterogeneity of this disorder requires a genome-wide detection of all types of genetic variation. Microarray studies and, more recently, exome sequencing have demonstrated the importance of de novo copy number variations (CNVs) and single-nucleotide variations (SNVs) in ID, but the majority of cases remain undiagnosed. Here we applied whole-genome sequencing to 50 patients with severe ID and their unaffected parents. All patients included had not received a molecular diagnosis after extensive genetic prescreening, including microarray-based CNV studies and exome sequencing. Notwithstanding this prescreening, 84 de novo SNVs affecting the coding region were identified, which showed a statistically significant enrichment of loss-of-function mutations as well as an enrichment for genes previously implicated in ID-related disorders. In addition, we identified eight de novo CNVs, including single-exon and intra-exonic deletions, as well as interchromosomal duplications. These CNVs affected known ID genes more frequently than expected. On the basis of diagnostic interpretation of all de novo variants, a conclusive genetic diagnosis was reached in 20 patients. Together with one compound heterozygous CNV causing disease in a recessive mode, this results in a diagnostic yield of 42% in this extensively studied cohort, and 62% as a cumulative estimate in an unselected cohort. These results suggest that de novo SNVs and CNVs affecting the coding region are a major cause of severe ID. Genome sequencing can be applied as a single genetic test to reliably identify and characterize the comprehensive spectrum of genetic variation, providing a genetic diagnosis in the majority of patients with severe ID. PMID:24896178

Gilissen, Christian; Hehir-Kwa, Jayne Y; Thung, Djie Tjwan; van de Vorst, Maartje; van Bon, Bregje W M; Willemsen, Marjolein H; Kwint, Michael; Janssen, Irene M; Hoischen, Alexander; Schenck, Annette; Leach, Richard; Klein, Robert; Tearle, Rick; Bo, Tan; Pfundt, Rolph; Yntema, Helger G; de Vries, Bert B A; Kleefstra, Tjitske; Brunner, Han G; Vissers, Lisenka E L M; Veltman, Joris A

2014-07-17

14

Highly Mobile Children and Youth with Disabilities: Policies and Practices in Five States. inForum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document's primary focus is on a subset of the population of mobile children--infants, preschoolers, children and youth with disabilities and their families who are highly mobile. First, a background section provides information about policies and practices developed for mobile children at the federal level under the McKinney-Vento Program.…

Pierce, Luzanne; Ahearn, Eileen

2007-01-01

15

Addressing the nonexercise part of the activity continuum: a more realistic and achievable approach to activity programming for adults with mobility disability?  

PubMed

Participation in physical activity is fundamental for the maintenance of metabolic health and the prevention of major chronic diseases, particularly type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. A whole-of-day approach to physical activity promotion is increasingly advocated and includes not only increasing moderate-intensity physical activity but also reducing sedentary time and increasing light-intensity activity (the "nonexercise" part of the activity continuum). This whole-of-day approach to tackling the challenge of inactivity may be particularly relevant for adults with mobility disabilities, who are among the most inactive segment of the population. Focusing on nonexercise activity by striving to reduce sedentary time and increase light-intensity activity may be a more successful place to begin to change behavior in someone with mobility disability. This article discusses what is known about the metabolic health consequences of sedentary behavior and light-intensity activity in adults with and without mobility disability. The concept of inactivity physiology is presented, along with possible applications or evidence from studies with adults with mobility disability. Mobility disability discussions and examples focus on stroke and spinal cord injury. Finally, clinical implications and future research directions related to sedentary behavior in adults with mobility disability are discussed. PMID:22156025

Manns, Patricia J; Dunstan, David W; Owen, Neville; Healy, Genevieve N

2012-04-01

16

Major U.S. disability and compensation systems graphically compared.  

PubMed

This article offers the reader a "bullet" overview of the principal systems of disability determination. The reader is referred to other sources for more in-depth coverage and a detailed historical background and overview of these systems. PMID:11478184

Katz, R T; Rondinelli, R D

2001-08-01

17

Using Ecological Momentary Assessment to Monitor Community Participation of People with Mobility-Related Disabilities  

E-print Network

individuals with severe mobility-related disabilities. These individuals each used a personal digital assistant (PDA) device to keep track of their community participation activities. In Study 1, two participants enrolled and received an education and skills...

Gonda, Chiaki

2011-06-27

18

Explaining heterogeneity in disability with major depressive disorder: Effects of personal and environmental characteristics  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundMajor depressive disorder (MDD) is associated with disability, yet some patients function surprisingly well. The reason for this heterogeneity between patients is unclear. Building on the International Classification of Functioning (ICF) model, this study aims to examine effects of personal and environmental characteristics on disability with MDD, over and above illness characteristics.

C. E. Verboom; M. Sentse; J. J. Sijtsema; W. A. Nolen; J. Ormel; B. W. J. H. Penninx

2011-01-01

19

Guidelines for Teaching Orientation and Mobility to Children with Multiple Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Guidelines for teaching orientation and mobility skills to visually impaired children with additional disabilities focus on basic needs including the need to feel safe, the need for control, the need to be in contact with the physical environment, the need for some type of independent movement, and the need for meaningful mobility. (DB)

Perla, Fabiana; Ducret, Walter D.

1999-01-01

20

Mobile Arm for Disabled People Assistance Manipulability Analysis Khiar NAIT-CHABANE, Philippe HOPPENOT, Etienne COLLE  

E-print Network

Mobile Arm for Disabled People Assistance ­ Manipulability Analysis Khiar NAIT-CHABANE, Philippe@iup.univ-evry.fr Abstract In this paper, we present the influence of the presence of a mobile platform on manipulability of nonholonomic constraint on manipulability measure. Manipulability is a well-established tool for motion

Boyer, Edmond

21

Psoriasis causes as much disability as other major medical diseases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Little is known about how the health-related quality of life (HRQL) associated with psoriasis compares with that of other patient populations. Objective: We describe HRQL associated with psoriasis and compare it with HRQL of patients with other major chronic health conditions. A second aim is to identify which specific aspects of psoriasis contribute most to HRQL. Methods: A total

Stephen R. Rapp; Steven R. Feldman; M. Lyn Exum; Alan B. Fleischer; David M. Reboussin

1999-01-01

22

Mobility Device Use in the United States. Disability Statistics Report 14.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides data on the use of mobility devices in the United States by providing a detailed profile of the population using these devices. It covers their demographic characteristics; health and disability status, including diagnoses and impairments, physical functioning, and activities of daily living; and health insurance status. The…

Kaye, H. Stephen; Kang, Taewoon; LaPlante, Michell P.

23

Obstacle Course Training Can Improve Mobility and Prevent Falls in People with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Persons with intellectual disabilities (ID) constitute a special-needs population at high risk of falling. This is the first study to evaluate whether obstacle course training can improve mobility and prevent falls in this population. Methods: The intervention was implemented as part of an institution-wide health care improvement plan…

Van Hanegem, E.; Enkelaar, L.; Smulders, E.; Weerdesteyn, V.

2014-01-01

24

Outdoor Built Environment Barriers and Facilitators to Activity among Midlife and Older Adults with Mobility Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To gain better understanding of how the built environment impacts neighborhood-based physical activity among midlife and older adults with mobility disabilities. Design and methods: We conducted in-depth interviews with 35 adults over age 50, which used an assistive device and lived in King County, Washington, U.S. In addition,…

Rosenberg, Dori E.; Huang, Deborah L.; Simonovich, Shannon D.; Belza, Basia

2013-01-01

25

Psychosocial Disability During the Long-term Course of Unipolar Major Depressive Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The goal of this study was to investigate psychosocial disability in relation to depressive symp- tom severity during the long-term course of unipolar ma- jor depressive disorder (MDD). Methods: Monthly ratings of impairment in major life functions and social relationships were obtained during an average of 10 years' systematic follow-up of 371 pa- tients with unipolar MDD in the

Lewis L. Judd; Hagop S. Akiskal; Pamela J. Zeller; Martin Paulus; Andrew C. Leon; Jack D. Maser; Jean Endicott; William Coryell; Jelena L. Kunovac; Timothy I. Mueller; John P. Rice; Martin B. Keller

2000-01-01

26

A Self-Reported Screening Tool for Detecting Community-Dwelling Older Persons with Frailty Syndrome in the Absence of Mobility Disability: The FiND Questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Background The “frailty syndrome” (a geriatric multidimensional condition characterized by decreased reserve and diminished resistance to stressors) represents a promising target of preventive interventions against disability in elders. Available screening tools for the identification of frailty in the absence of disability present major limitations. In particular, they have to be administered by a trained assessor, require special equipment, and/or do not discriminate between frail and disabled individuals. Aim of this study is to verify the agreement of a novel self-reported questionnaire (the “Frail Non-Disabled” [FiND] instrument) designed for detecting non-mobility disabled frail older persons with results from reference tools. Methodology/Principal Findings Data are from 45 community-dwelling individuals aged ?60 years. Participants were asked to complete the FiND questionnaire separately exploring the frailty and disability domains. Then, a blinded assessor objectively measured the frailty status (using the phenotype proposed by Fried and colleagues) and mobility disability (using the 400-meter walk test). Cohen's kappa coefficients were calculated to determine the agreement between the FiND questionnaire with the reference instruments. Mean age of participants (women 62.2%) was 72.5 (standard deviation 8.2) years. Seven (15.6%) participants presented mobility disability as being unable to complete the 400-meter walk test. According to the frailty phenotype criteria, 25 (55.6%) participants were pre-frail or frail, and 13 (28.9%) were robust. Overall, a substantial agreement of the instrument with the reference tools (kappa?=?0.748, quadratic weighted kappa?=?0.836, both p values<0.001) was reported with only 7 (15.6%) participants incorrectly categorized. The agreement between results of the FiND disability domain and the 400-meter walk test was excellent (kappa?=?0.920, p<0.001). Conclusions/Significance The FiND questionnaire presents a very good capacity to correctly identify frail older persons without mobility disability living in the community. This screening tool may represent an opportunity for diffusing awareness about frailty and disability and supporting specific preventive campaigns. PMID:24999805

Cesari, Matteo; Demougeot, Laurent; Boccalon, Henri; Guyonnet, Sophie; Abellan Van Kan, Gabor; Vellas, Bruno; Andrieu, Sandrine

2014-01-01

27

Stability of parent report on Mobility and Self-Care item scores of the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory.  

PubMed

Secondary analysis using data from a clinical trial was performed to evaluate the stability of individual items of the Mobility and Self-Care functional skills scales of the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI). Parents of 113 children aged 1-6 years old with cerebral palsy completed the PEDI twice by questionnaire 6 months apart. An item was classified "unstable" if the score changed from capable to unable. The number of children with more than five unstable items and the number of items with more than five children having unstable scoring patterns were calculated. Nineteen children (17%) and 13 items had unstable scoring patterns. The majority of PEDI items demonstrated stability of parent scoring. Examination of unstable items suggests that parents may need assistance in understanding the difference between "usual" and "best" performance, interpreting descriptors such as "thoroughly," and maintaining the same context reference for outdoor mobility items. PMID:23931334

Worth, Melanie; Darrah, Johanna; Magill-Evans, Joyce; Wiart, Lesley; Law, Mary

2014-08-01

28

Evaluation of a mobile manipulator arm by disabled people  

Microsoft Academic Search

ARPH project deals with restoring object manipulating and grasping function for upper limb handicapped people. The system is a semi autonomous mobile arm manipulator designed keeping in mind specificities due to a close cooperation between human and machine. In order to take into account the diversity of situation three kinds of control modes are proposed to the user. The paper

Sébastien Delarue; Ornella Plos; Philippe Hoppenot; Etienne Colle

29

Mobile Robot Command by Man-Machine Co-Operation - Application to Disabled and Elderly People Assistance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Disabled people assistance is developing thanks to progress of new technologies. A manipulator arm mounted on a mobile robot can assist a disabled person for a partial restoration of the manipulative function. A user pilots the robot via a control station, using enhanced reality techniques. To be affordable such a system must be cost-effective. That constraint limits perception means: ultrasonic

Philippe Hoppenot; Etienne Colle

2002-01-01

30

[Accessibility for people with disabilities or permanent mobility restrictions to the Unified Health System].  

PubMed

The scope of this study was to monitor the access of persons with disabilities and permanent mobility restrictions to the Unified Health System in João Pessoa, State of Pernambuco. This is a descriptive field study, consisting of a random sample of 523 people with disabilities or permanent mobility restrictions. Data collection occurred between August 2007 and December 2008 and consisted of home interviews. The neuromusculoskeletal functions and those related to movement (52%) were among the most affected body functions, with a higher incidence among body structures related to movement (44.2%) and those of the nervous system (39.2%), with special emphasis on the high number of cases (14%) due to the sequelae from strokes. Among the respondents, 63.9% stated that there had not been sufficient and appropriate means to lessen the physical obstacles between their homes and the places where they received healthcare, and 41.7% claimed that there were no special facilities for the handicapped in the healthcare offices. Brazilian law ensures rights for people with disabilities, which were not broadly respected. Action is necessary to prevent the development of disabilities, especially those resulting from the sequelae from strokes. PMID:22872345

Amaral, Fabienne Louise Juvêncio dos Santos; Holanda, Cristina Marques de Almeida; Quirino, Maria Aparecida Bezerra; Nascimento, João Paulo da Silva; Neves, Robson da Fonseca; Ribeiro, Kátia Suely Queiroz Silva; Alves, Simone Bezerra

2012-07-01

31

Sensorimotor and psychosocial determinants of 3-year incident mobility disability in middle-aged and older adults  

PubMed Central

Objective: to identify sensorimotor and psychosocial determinants of 3-year incident mobility disability. Design: prospective. Setting: population-based sample of community-dwelling older persons. Participants: community-living middle-aged and older persons (age: 50–85 years) without baseline mobility disability (n = 622). Measurements: mobility disability, defined as self-reported inability to walk a quarter mile without resting or inability to walk up a flight of stairs unsupported, was ascertained at baseline and 3-year follow-up. Potential baseline determinant characteristics included demographics, education, social support, financial condition, knee extensor strength, visual contrast sensitivity, cognition, depression, presence of chronic conditions and history of falls. Results: a total of 13.5% participant reported 3-year incident mobility disability. Age ?75 years, female sex, knee extensor strength in the lowest quartile, visual contrast sensitivity <1.7 on the Pelli-Robson chart or significant depressive symptoms (CESD score >16) were independent determinants of 3-year incident mobility disability (ORs 1.84–16.51). Conclusions: low visual contrast sensitivity, poor knee extensor strength and significant depressive symptoms are independent determinants of future onset of mobility disability. PMID:24042004

Deshpande, Nandini; Metter, Jeffrey E.; Guralnik, Jack; Bandinelli, Stefania; Ferrucci, Luigi

2014-01-01

32

Major Depression and Emergency Medical Services Utilization in Community-Dwelling Elderly Persons with Disabilities  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine the association between major depression and emergency medical services (EMS) use by community-dwelling older adults with disabilities. Methods A prospective observational.study including 1,444 participants age 65+ in 19 counties in three U.S. states that participated in the Medicare Primary and Consumer-Directed Care Demonstration. Eligibility criteria included needing or receiving help with either 2+ activities of daily living (ADLs) or 3+ instrumental ADLs, and having received recent significant healthcare services use. The presence of major depression was measured at baseline by the MINI Major Depressive Episode module. EMS utilization data for the following 2 years were obtained from a daily journal concurrently completed by each subject or a caregiver. Results More persons with major depression (43%) than without (35%) reported EMS use. When other factors were controlled in a logistic regression model, this effect was no longer statistically significant. However, of those with at least one episode of EMS transport, the depressed reported significantly (25%) more episodes (mean=2.10) than the non-depressed (mean=1.68). Major depression was significantly associated with more EMS episodes in both Poisson (Z=1.99; p=0.047) and ordinary least squares (t=2.08; p=0.038) regression models. Conclusions Depressed disabled older adults who utilize EMS have more EMS episodes than those without depression. This higher use may be driven in part by affective illness. Research is needed to determine whether more EMS episodes are necessary to address symptoms of major depression, especially suicidal ideation, or whether they are due to other illnesses that are exacerbated by symptoms of major depression. PMID:18613268

Lee, Benjamin W.; Conwell, Yeates; Shah, Manish N.; Barker, William H.; Delavan, Rachel L.

2008-01-01

33

The Effects of Obesity and Mobility Disability in Access to Breast and Cervical Cancer Screening in France: Results from the National Health and Disability Survey  

PubMed Central

Objectives We aimed to disentangle the effects of obesity and mobility limitation on cervical and breast cancer screening among community dwelling women. Methods The data source was the French national Health and Disability Survey - Household Section, 2008. The Body Mass Index (BMI) was used to categorize obesity status. We constructed a continuous score of mobility limitations to assess the severity of disability (Cronbach's alpha?=?0.84). Logistic regressions were performed to examine the association between obesity, mobility limitations and the use of Pap test (n?=?8 133) and the use of mammography (n?=?7 561). Adjusted odds ratios were calculated (AOR). Interaction terms between obesity and the disability score were included in models testing for effect modifications. Results Compared with non-obese women, the odds of having a Pap test in the past 3 years was 24% lower in obese women (AOR?=?0.76; 95% CI: 0.65 to 0.89), the odds of having a mammogram in the past 2 years was 23% lower (AOR?=?0.77; 95% CI: 0.66 to 0.91). Each time the disability score was 5 points higher, the odds of having a Pap test decreases by 20% (AOR?=?0.96; 95% CI: 0.94 to 0.98), the odds of having a mammogram decreases by 25% (AOR?=?0.95; 95% CI: 0.94 to 0.97). There was no significant interaction between obesity and disability score. Conclusion Obesity and mobility limitation are independently associated with a lower likelihood of cervical and breast cancer screening. Protective outreach and follow-up are necessary to reduce inequalities and thus to reduce health disparities in these vulnerable and high-risk populations of obese women with disabilities. PMID:25133662

Bussière, Clémence; Sicsic, Jonathan; Pelletier-Fleury, Nathalie

2014-01-01

34

Temperature dependence of minority and majority carrier mobilities in degenerately doped GaAs  

SciTech Connect

Measured minority and majority carrier mobility temperature dependencies in heavily doped {ital n}- and {ital p}-GaAs are compared. Majority carrier mobilities in heavily doped GaAs are essentially temperature ({ital T}) independent while minority carrier mobilities exhibit a roughly 1/{ital T} dependence. Majority carrier freezeout, which reduces both majority--minority carrier and ionized impurity scattering, is shown not to be responsible for the 1/{ital T} minority carrier mobility dependence. The difference in minority and majority carrier mobility {ital T} dependencies is explained in terms of the increased degree of degeneracy of majority carriers with decreased temperature, which decreases majority--minority carrier scattering. {copyright} {ital 1995} {ital American} {ital Institute} {ital of} {ital Physics}.

Lovejoy, M.L. [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States)] [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States); Melloch, M.R.; Lundstrom, M.S. [School of Electrical Engineering and the MRSEC for Technology-Enabling Heterostructure Materials, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907-1285 (United States)] [School of Electrical Engineering and the MRSEC for Technology-Enabling Heterostructure Materials, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907-1285 (United States)

1995-08-21

35

Health Status and Health Risks of the "Hidden Majority" of Adults with Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little is known about the health status of and health risks faced by adults with intellectual disability who do not use intellectual disability services. Self-report data collected from 1,022 people with mild intellectual disability in England indicated that people who do not use intellectual disability services are more likely to smoke tobacco…

Emerson, Eric

2011-01-01

36

Claimants for mobility allowance: causes of disability and the scope for prevention  

PubMed Central

Six hundred and twenty-one claimants for Mobility Allowance were examined by the author, who recorded the patient's statement of his or her history and current disability, carried out a full physical examination and observed the gait and limitation of walking. Four hundred and seventy-five appeared to satisfy the medical conditions to qualify for the allowance. They were analysed by age, sex and body system involved and were compared with the corresponding total figure for Mobility Allowance in England, Scotland and Wales. The more common diagnoses are listed and are considered from the point of view of prevention. The implications for general practice are discussed. They concern the detection of hypertension and health education for antenatal care, smoking and the wearing of seat belts. PMID:6214626

Robertson, Graham M.

1982-01-01

37

Exploring Mobility Options for Children with Physical Disabilities: A Focus on Powered Mobility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study by Tefft et al. (2011, in this issue) is one of the few studies that have explored the impact of pediatric powered mobility on families. The parents who participated in their study reported increased satisfaction with their children's social and play skills, ability to move independently, sleeping patterns, and public perception of their…

Wiart, Lesley

2011-01-01

38

Problem Solving Therapy and Supportive Therapy in Older Adults with Major Depression and Executive Dysfunction: Effect on Disability  

PubMed Central

Context Older patients with depression and executive dysfunction represent a population with significant disability and high likelihood of failing pharmacotherapy. Objective To examine whether Problem Solving Therapy (PST) reduces disability more than Supportive Therapy (ST) in older patients with depression and executive dysfunction, and whether this effect is mediated by improvement in depressive symptoms. Design Randomized controlled trail, with participant recruitment from 12/02-11/07 and follow-up for 36 weeks. Setting Weill Cornell and University of California, San Francisco. Participants Adults (>59 years) with major depression and executive dysfunction. Intervention 12 sessions of either PST modified for older depressed adults with executive impairment, or ST. Main Outcome Measure Disability as quantified by the World Health Organization Assessment Schedule II (WHODAS II)-12 item form. Results 653 individuals were referred to this study, 221 of whom met criteria and were randomized to PST or ST. PST and ST led to comparable improvement of disability in the first 6 weeks of treatment, but a more prominent reduction in PST participants at weeks 9 and 12. The difference between PST and ST was greater in patients with greater cognitive impairment and higher number of previous episodes. Reduction in disability paralleled reduction in depressive symptoms. The therapeutic advantage of PST over ST in reducing depression was in part due to greater reduction of disability by PST. While disability increased during the 24 weeks following the end of treatment, the advantage of PST over ST-treated patients was retained. Conclusions This study suggests that PST is more effective than ST in reducing disability in older patients with major depression and executive dysfunction, and its benefits were retained after the end of treatment. The clinical value of this finding is that PST may be a treatment alternative in an older patient population likely to be resistant to pharmacotherapy. PMID:21199963

Alexopoulos, George S.; Raue, Patrick J.; Kiosses, Dimitris N.; Mackin, R. Scott; Kanellopoulos, Dora; McCulloch, Charles; Areán, Patricia A.

2010-01-01

39

Designing Clinical Trials of Intervention for Mobility Disability: Results from the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) Pilot Trial  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Clinical trials to assess interventions for mobility disability are critically needed, however data for efficiently designing such trials are lacking. Our results are described from the LIFE pilot clinical trial, in which 424 volunteers aged 70-89 years were randomly assigned to one of two intervent...

40

The Impact of Major Events on the Lives of Family Caregivers of Children with Disabilities  

E-print Network

The authors examine the family caregiving experience among families with children with severe emotional disabilities from a perspective that recognizes the importance of the family's views and feelings. This viewpoint ...

McDonald, Thomas P.; Couchonnal, Graciela; Early, Theresa

1996-01-01

41

Environmental barriers to and availability of healthy foods for people with mobility disabilities living in urban and suburban neighborhoods. — Measures of the Food Environment  

Cancer.gov

Mojtahedi MC, Boblick P, Rimmer JH, Rowland JL, Jones RA, Braunschweig CL. Environmental barriers to and availability of healthy foods for people with mobility disabilities living in urban and suburban neighborhoods.

42

Density and mobility effects of the majority carriers in organic semiconductors under light excitation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study demonstrates that the effect of light excitation on the density and the mobility of the majority carriers can be explored in organic semiconductors by modulated photocurrent spectroscopy. The spectra of phase and amplitude of the modulated photocurrent of pentacene films indicate a significant increase in the density of the photogenerated mobile holes (majority carriers). This increase is accompanied by a comparatively much smaller increase of the steady state photocurrent response which can be reconciled with a decrease in the mobility (?) of holes. The decrease of ? is supported from an unusual increase of the Y/? ratio of the out-of-phase modulated photocurrent (Y) signal to the mobility under light excitation. It is proposed that the mobile holes, which are generated from the dissociation of the light-created excitons more likely near the pentacene-substrate interface by electron trapping, populate grain boundaries charging them and producing a downward band bending. As a result, potential energy barriers are build up which limit the transport of holes interacting through trapping-detrapping with deep partially occupied traps in the charged grain boundaries. On the other hand, the transport of holes interacting through trapping-detrapping with empty traps is found unaffected.

Vagenas, N.; Giannopoulou, A.; Kounavis, P.

2015-01-01

43

An Empirical Assessment of a Home-Based Exercise Treatment Package for People with Severe Mobility-Related Disabilities Using a Changing Criterion Design: Two Studies  

E-print Network

to promote dietary changes and physical activity among older adults with diabetes. This method may be particularly appropriate in working with people with severe mobility-related disabilities, as their knowledge of their own bodies and capabilities could... the Kansas Physical Disability Waiver Program (PD Waiver). Case managers distributed study information to clients and obtained written permission for researchers to contact potential participants by phone. Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria. To be included...

Nary, Dorothy E.

2010-12-13

44

Trial Development of a Mobile Feeding Assistive Robotic Arm for People with Physical Disabilities of the Extremities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A mobile feeding assistive robotic arm for people with physical disabilities of the extremities has been developed in this paper. This system is composed of a robotic arm, microcontroller, and its interface. The main unit of the robotic arm can be contained in a laptop computer's briefcase. Its weight is 5kg, including two 12-V lead acid rechargeable batteries. This robotic arm can be also mounted on a wheelchair. To verify performance of the mobile robotic arm system, drinking tea task was experimentally performed by two able-bodied subjects as well as three persons suffering from muscular dystrophy. From the experimental results, it was clear that they could smoothly carry out the drinking task, and that the robotic arm could firmly grasp a commercially available 500-ml plastic bottle. The eating task was also performed by the two able-bodied subjects. The experimental results showed that they could eat porridge by using a spoon without any difficulty.

Uehara, Hideyuki; Higa, Hiroki; Soken, Takashi; Namihira, Yoshinori

45

"It's been a long journey": Exploring educationally mobile students' transition into STEM majors at a university  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Today, one third of all college students are considered educationally "mobile," which means they will change institutions during their undergraduate careers. The concept of educational mobility challenges the traditional idea of students moving through an educational pipeline in a linear fashion, and recognizes that many of today's students, including those in STEM fields (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics), will have multiple transition points. The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine the transitional experiences of educationally mobile students moving into and through the STEM disciplines at a public university. Students who move from one educational environment to another undergo a significant transition process, and understanding this process for individual students and the institution's role in supporting transition has implications for educational policy. Grounded in the conceptual framework guided by Schlossberg's Transition Theory, and Swail, Redd, and Perna's Geometric Model for Student Persistence and Achievement, this study explores the following research question: How do students who are educationally mobile experience academic, social, and institutional support while transitioning into and through STEM disciplines at a four-year public university? Eighteen science and mathematics majors participated in this study, all of whom attended at least one institution of higher education prior to their current attendance at Mountain View University, a four-year comprehensive Hispanic Serving Institution (HSI) in Southern California. Participants were interviewed utilizing a semi-structured interview protocol and completed a demographic questionnaire as well. Trustworthiness measures included member checking and peer debriefing. The findings of this study show that educationally mobile students are savvy agents of their education, and make personal and professional sacrifices in their pursuit of a STEM degree. They want to connect to like-minded individuals on campus, and make efforts to seek help. Findings also show that institutional agents play an important role in helping educationally mobile students navigate institutional obstacles in the transition process. Recommendations include increased dialogue about articulation and the transfer processes among institutions, engaging in more consistent advising practices (both at the community college and the university), enabling purposeful social interactions during the transition process, and researching disaggregated populations of educationally mobile students.

Arreygue, Aimee

46

Follow that Bear! Encouraging Mobility in a Young Child with Visual Impairment and Multiple Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article shows that unexpected gains can happen when teachers develop aggressive, innovative, and adaptive orientation and mobility (O&M) programming for children who are low-functioning. A case study illustrates strategies for using an adaptive mobility device, squaring-up, stepping out, and charting progress. Challenges to a successful O&M…

Tolla, Joan

2000-01-01

47

PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES OF AN INTERNATIONAL CLASSIFICATION OF FUNCTIONING, DISABILITY AND HEALTH (ICF)ORIENTED, ADAPTIVE QUESTIONNAIRE FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF MOBILITY, SELF-CARE AND DOMESTIC LIFE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Development of an adaptive, International Classi- fication of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF)-oriented patient questionnaire on mobility and self-care based on an item response theory model (MOSES questionnaire). Methods: Using item reconstruction rules, items were de- veloped for the ICF chapters \\

Erik Farin; Annette Fleitz; Christian Frey

48

Major mishaps among mobile offshore drilling units, 1955-1981: time trends and fatalities.  

PubMed

Major mishaps among mobile offshore drilling units worldwide from 1955-1981 were identified from industry and government sources. Based on annual numbers of rigs in service and typical staffing patterns, annual mishap rates and fatality rates for rig types and mishap categories were computed. While the frequency of major mishaps has increased in recent years, the mishap rate per 100 rig-years of service has remained stable. The overall stability obscures the fact that jack-up rigs have had an increasing mishap rate while the rate for other rig types combined has gradually declined. Although the fatal mishap rate has also remained constant, the annual fatality rate per 100 000 full time equivalent (FTE) workers has risen sharply. This can be attributed to increasing numbers of lives lost in environmental mishaps while deaths from operational mishaps have declined. There were 344 fatalities during the 27-year period. Although an average of some 13 deaths per year worldwide appears minimal, the relatively small size of the workforce gives this number significance particularly when it is noted that 'occupational' fatalities, those occurring in the course of routine operations, are not included. The overall fatality rate secondary to major mishaps was 84.3 per 100 000 FTE worker-years. PMID:3988424

Clemmer, D I; Diem, J E

1985-03-01

49

Racial variation in the relationship of anemia with mortality and mobility disability among older adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anemia is more common among older blacks than older whites. However, it is unclear whether anemia predicts adverse events similarly in both races. Data on 1018 black and 1583 white adults aged 71 to 82 years were analyzed. Anemia, as defined by World Health Organization (WHO) criteria, was used to predict mortal- ity over 6 years and incidence of mobility

Kushang V. Patel; Tamara B. Harris; Marion Faulhaber; Sara B. Angleman; Stephanie Connelly; Douglas C. Bauer; Lewis H. Kuller; Anne B. Newman; Jack M. Guralnik; J.-Y. Zhang; Z. Zhang; X. Wang; J.-L. Fu; J. Yao; Y. Jiao; L. Chen; H. Zhang; J. Wei; L. Jin; M. Shi; G. F. Gao; H. Wu; F.-S. Wang; W. G. Wierda; S. O'Brien; S. Faderl; A. Ferrajoli; K.-A. Do; J. Cortes; D. Thomas; G. Garcia-Manero; C. Koller; M. Beran; F. Giles; F. Ravandi; S. Lerner; H. Kantarjian; M. Keating; R. Hehlmann; U. Berger; M. Pfirrmann; H. Heimpel; A. Hochhaus; J. Hasford; H.-J. Kolb; T. Lahaye; O. Maywald; A. Reiter; D. K. Hossfeld; C. Huber; H. Loffler; H. Pralle; W. Queisser; A. Tobler; C. Nerl; M. Solenthaler; M. E. Goebeler; M. Griesshammer; T. Fischer; S. Kremers; H. Eimermacher; M. Pfreundschuh; W.-D. Hirschmann; K. Lechner; B. Wassmann; C. Falge; H. H. Kirchner

2007-01-01

50

Work disability remains a major problem in rheumatoid arthritis in the 2000s: data from 32 countries in the QUEST-RA Study  

PubMed Central

Introduction Work disability is a major consequence of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), associated not only with traditional disease activity variables, but also more significantly with demographic, functional, occupational, and societal variables. Recent reports suggest that the use of biologic agents offers potential for reduced work disability rates, but the conclusions are based on surrogate disease activity measures derived from studies primarily from Western countries. Methods The Quantitative Standard Monitoring of Patients with RA (QUEST-RA) multinational database of 8,039 patients in 86 sites in 32 countries, 16 with high gross domestic product (GDP) (>24K US dollars (USD) per capita) and 16 low-GDP countries (<11K USD), was analyzed for work and disability status at onset and over the course of RA and clinical status of patients who continued working or had stopped working in high-GDP versus low-GDP countries according to all RA Core Data Set measures. Associations of work disability status with RA Core Data Set variables and indices were analyzed using descriptive statistics and regression analyses. Results At the time of first symptoms, 86% of men (range 57%-100% among countries) and 64% (19%-87%) of women <65 years were working. More than one third (37%) of these patients reported subsequent work disability because of RA. Among 1,756 patients whose symptoms had begun during the 2000s, the probabilities of continuing to work were 80% (95% confidence interval (CI) 78%-82%) at 2 years and 68% (95% CI 65%-71%) at 5 years, with similar patterns in high-GDP and low-GDP countries. Patients who continued working versus stopped working had significantly better clinical status for all clinical status measures and patient self-report scores, with similar patterns in high-GDP and low-GDP countries. However, patients who had stopped working in high-GDP countries had better clinical status than patients who continued working in low-GDP countries. The most significant identifier of work disability in all subgroups was Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) functional disability score. Conclusions Work disability rates remain high among people with RA during this millennium. In low-GDP countries, people remain working with high levels of disability and disease activity. Cultural and economic differences between societies affect work disability as an outcome measure for RA. PMID:20226018

2010-01-01

51

Impacts of mobility disability and high and increasing body mass index on health-related quality of life and participation in society: a population-based cohort study from Sweden  

PubMed Central

Background Increasing obesity in adults with mobility disability has become a considerable health problem, similar to the increasing trend of obesity in the general population. The aims of this study were to investigate the association of mobility disability with overweight status and obesity in a large population-based Swedish cohort of adults, and to investigate whether mobility disability, high body mass index (BMI), and increasing BMI over time are predictors of health-related quality of life and participation in society after 8 years of follow-up. Methods The study cohort included 13,549 individuals aged 18–64 years who answered questions about mobility disability, weight, height, health-related quality of life and participation in society in the Stockholm Public Health Survey 2002 and 2010. The cohort was randomly selected from the population of Stockholm County, and divided into six subgroups based on data for mobility disability and overweight status. Multiple binary logistic regression analyses were performed to assess the likelihood for low health-related quality of life and lack of participation. Results Respondents with mobility disability had a higher mean BMI than those without mobility disability. Respondents both with and without mobility disability increased in BMI, but with no significant difference in the longitudinal changes (mean difference: 0.078; 95% CI: -0.16 - 0.32). Presence of mobility disability increased the risk of low health-related quality of life and lack of participation in 2010, irrespective of low health-related quality of life and lack of participation in 2002. The risk of pain and low general health (parts of health-related quality of life) increased for every 5 units of higher BMI reported in 2010. In respondents without low general health at baseline, the risk of obtaining low general health increased for every 5 units of higher BMI in 2010 (OR:1.60; CI: 1.47 - 1.74). Conclusions The greatest risk of low general health after 8 years was observed for respondents with both mobility disability and high BMI. These results indicate the importance of working preventively with persons with mobility disability and overweight status or obesity based on the risk of further weight gain. PMID:24742257

2014-01-01

52

Major discoveries in eolian sandstone: facies distribution and stratigraphy of Jurassic Norphlet sandstone, Mobile Bay, Alabama  

SciTech Connect

Recent exploratory and development drilling in Mobile Bay, southwest Alabama, has proven prolific gas production from the Norphlet sandstone at depths greater than 20,000 ft with individual well tests of 10-27 MMCFGD. Excellent reservoir qualities are a function of preserved primary porosity and permeability developed in an eolian setting. In Mobile Bay, thick eolian sediments (200-600 ft) lie directly on Pine Hill or Louann evaporites. Three facies of the Norphlet have been recognized: (1) a thin (20-30 ft) basal wet sand flat or sabkha facies, (2) a massive dune facies, and (3) a thin (30-40 ft) upper marine reworked facies. The wet sand flat or sabkha facies is characterized by irregular to wavy horizontally bedded sandstone associated with adhesion ripples. It is probably sporadically developed in response to localized wet lows during earliest Norphlet deposition. The majority of the Norphlet section is characterized by massive wedge-planar and tabular-planar cross-stratified sandstone, interpreted to be stacked dune and dry interdune deposits. Individual dune sets range in height from a few feet to 90 ft. Cross-bed sets exhibit internal stratification patterns similar to large- and small-scale dunes described by G. Kocurek and R. Dott, Jr. The marine reworked facies is characterized by structureless to diffuse or wavy laminated sandstone that reflects a reworking of the dune deposits by the ensuing Smackover transgression. Reservoir quality is affected by textural properties determined by depositional processes associated with these various facies. Diagenetic patterns further reducing reservoir quality occur in the depositionally less-porous sediments. Dune facies sediments exhibit the best reservoir qualities. Variations of reservoir quality within the dune facies are related to dune height and dune versus interdune accumulations.

Levy, J.B.

1985-02-01

53

Multi-pollutant mobile platform measurements of air pollutants adjacent to a major roadway.  

PubMed

A mobile monitoring platform developed at the University of Washington Center for Clean Air Research (CCAR) measured 10 pollutant metrics (10 s measurements at an average speed of 22 km/hr) in two neighborhoods bordering a major interstate in Albuquerque, NM, USA from April 18-24 2012. 5 days of data sharing a common downwind orientation with respect to the roadway were analyzed. The aggregate results show a three-fold increase in black carbon (BC) concentrations within 10 meters of the edge of roadway, in addition to elevated nanoparticle concentration and particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter < 1 ?m (PN1) concentrations. A 30% reduction in ozone concentration near the roadway was observed, anti-correlated with an increase in the oxides of nitrogen (NOx). In this study, the pollutants measured have been expanded to include polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), particle size distribution (0.25-32 ?m), and ultra-violet absorbing particulate matter (UVPM). The raster sampling scheme combined with spatial and temporal measurement alignment provide a measure of variability in the near roadway concentrations, and allow us to use a principal component analysis to identify multi-pollutant features and analyze their roadway influences. PMID:25364294

Riley, Erin A; Banks, Lyndsey; Fintzi, Jonathan; Gould, Timothy R; Hartin, Kris; Schaal, LaNae; Davey, Mark; Sheppard, Lianne; Larson, Timothy; Yost, Michael G; Simpson, Christopher D

2014-12-01

54

Multi-pollutant mobile platform measurements of air pollutants adjacent to a major roadway  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A mobile monitoring platform developed at the University of Washington Center for Clean Air Research (CCAR) measured 10 pollutant metrics (10 s measurements at an average speed of 22 km/h) in two neighborhoods bordering a major interstate in Albuquerque, NM, USA from April 18-24 2012. 5 days of data sharing a common downwind orientation with respect to the roadway were analyzed. The aggregate results show a three-fold increase in black carbon (BC) concentrations within 10 m of the edge of roadway, in addition to elevated nanoparticle concentration and particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter <1 ?m (PN1) concentrations. A 30% reduction in ozone concentration near the roadway was observed, anti-correlated with an increase in the oxides of nitrogen (NOx). In this study, the pollutants measured have been expanded to include polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), particle size distribution (0.25-32 ?m), and ultra-violet absorbing particulate matter (UVPM). The raster sampling scheme combined with spatial and temporal measurement alignment provide a measure of variability in the near roadway concentrations, and allow us to use a principal component analysis to identify multi-pollutant features and analyze their roadway influences.

Riley, Erin A.; Banks, Lyndsey; Fintzi, Jonathan; Gould, Timothy R.; Hartin, Kris; Schaal, LaNae; Davey, Mark; Sheppard, Lianne; Larson, Timothy; Yost, Michael G.; Simpson, Christopher D.

2014-12-01

55

14 CFR 382.121 - What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring into the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-01-01 false What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers... Stowage of Wheelchairs, Other Mobility Aids, and Other Assistive Devices § 382.121 What mobility aids and other assistive devices may...

2014-01-01

56

14 CFR 382.121 - What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring into the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-01-01 false What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers... Stowage of Wheelchairs, Other Mobility Aids, and Other Assistive Devices § 382.121 What mobility aids and other assistive devices may...

2011-01-01

57

14 CFR 382.121 - What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring into the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-01-01 false What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers... Stowage of Wheelchairs, Other Mobility Aids, and Other Assistive Devices § 382.121 What mobility aids and other assistive devices may...

2012-01-01

58

14 CFR 382.121 - What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring into the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 false What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers... Stowage of Wheelchairs, Other Mobility Aids, and Other Assistive Devices § 382.121 What mobility aids and other assistive devices may...

2013-01-01

59

Mobilization of major and trace constituents of highway runoff in groundwater potentially caused by deicing chemical migration  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The quality of water in unsaturated zones and groundwater is affected by the major ions in deicing chemicals applied to roads and highways. The assessment of the environmental effects of highway runoff requires investigations to determine whether other major and trace constituents are mobilized during deicing chemical migration through the unsaturated zone and groundwater. In this regard, groundwater samples were analyzed in February and August 1991, and March, August, and November 1993 at a test site along Route 25 in southeastern Massachusetts. Analyses indicated that concentrations of major and trace chemical constituents of highway runoff in groundwater are substantially higher downgradient than upgradient from the highway.

Granato, Gregory E.; Church, Peter E.; Stone, Victoria J.

1995-01-01

60

Profile of arthritis disability.  

PubMed Central

Using the 1994-95 National Health Interview Supplement Disability Supplement, the authors study levels of disabilities and accommodations among US adults with arthritis disability, compared to people with disability due to other conditions. Arthritis-disabled people are defined in two ways. One definition covers a broad range of arthritis and rheumatic conditions, and the other concentrates solely on arthritis. The authors find that arthritis-disabled people have more total disabilities than other-disabled peop e. However, their disabilities are less severe, have shorter durations, and accumulate more gradually over time. Despite more disabilities, people with arthritis disability use fewer assistive and service accommodations than other-disabled people. They do use more mobility aids. Because arthritis is the leading chronic condition for middle-aged and older adults, th s profile of extensive but mild-to-moderate disability is experienced by many millions of adults. Accommodations for arthritis may also be extensive but aimed more toward self-care than toward assistive and medical services. PMID:11889283

Verbrugge, L. M.; Juarez, L.

2001-01-01

61

Ubiquitous Yet Unique: Perspectives of People With Disabilities on Stress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploratory study was grounded in a qualitative framework and used a focus group method to examine the meanings that individuals with disabilities (e.g., permanent mobility impairments, sensory impairments) attach to their experiences of stress, as well as major sources or causes of stress in these individuals' lives. Overall, the data showed…

Iwasaki, Yoshitaka; Mactavish, Jennifer B.

2005-01-01

62

Mobile Applications for Participation at the Shopping Mall: Content Analysis and Usability for Persons with Physical Disabilities and Communication or Cognitive Limitations  

PubMed Central

The aim of this exploratory study was to determine the important features in content and usability of existing mobile applications evaluating environmental barriers and facilitators (EBF) to participation for persons with physical disabilities presenting mild communication or cognitive limitations. A rigorous process based on a user-centered design approach led to the identification of two relevant mobile applications to evaluate the EBF. An accessibility expert, the research team as well as five users then tested the mobile applications in a shopping mall. A thematic content analysis of the research team’s and users’ comments established 10 categories of key features that adequately respond to the needs of the clientele targeted in this study. In terms of content, granularity and contextualization of the information provided were considered important. With respect to usability, relevant features were place finding, rating system, presentation of results, compatibility, user-friendliness, aesthetics, credibility of the information as well as connectivity/interactiveness. The research team and the users agreed on some aspects such as aesthetics, but had different perspectives on features such as the rating system or the connectivity/interactiveness of the application. The users proposed new features suggesting that the existing mobile applications did not correspond to all their needs. PMID:25513999

Auger, Claudine; Leduc, Emilie; Labbé, Delphine; Guay, Cassioppée; Fillion, Brigitte; Bottari, Carolina; Swaine, Bonnie

2014-01-01

63

Mobile applications for participation at the shopping mall: content analysis and usability for persons with physical disabilities and communication or cognitive limitations.  

PubMed

The aim of this exploratory study was to determine the important features in content and usability of existing mobile applications evaluating environmental barriers and facilitators (EBF) to participation for persons with physical disabilities presenting mild communication or cognitive limitations. A rigorous process based on a user-centered design approach led to the identification of two relevant mobile applications to evaluate the EBF. An accessibility expert, the research team as well as five users then tested the mobile applications in a shopping mall. A thematic content analysis of the research team's and users' comments established 10 categories of key features that adequately respond to the needs of the clientele targeted in this study. In terms of content, granularity and contextualization of the information provided were considered important. With respect to usability, relevant features were place finding, rating system, presentation of results, compatibility, user-friendliness, aesthetics, credibility of the information as well as connectivity/interactiveness. The research team and the users agreed on some aspects such as aesthetics, but had different perspectives on features such as the rating system or the connectivity/interactiveness of the application. The users proposed new features suggesting that the existing mobile applications did not correspond to all their needs. PMID:25513999

Auger, Claudine; Leduc, Emilie; Labbé, Delphine; Guay, Cassioppée; Fillion, Brigitte; Bottari, Carolina; Swaine, Bonnie

2014-01-01

64

The validity of spinal mobility for prediction of functional disability in male patients with low back pain  

PubMed Central

Clinical assessment of functional disability is an integral part of management in patients with low back pain (LBP). The range of spinal motion is one of LBP disability measure. The aim of this study was to investigate the validity of spinal range of motion as a predictable measure of disability and to analyze the intrarater reliability of back range of motion (BROM) instrument for measurement of active lumber spine range of motion. Forty men patients with chronic low back pain over 6 month’s duration were participated in the study. Their ages ranged from 20 to 40 years. Lumber range of motion was measured with BROM device and disability was evaluated by self reported Roland Morris disability questionnaire (RMDQ). Data were analyzed using Spearman’s correlation, multiple regression analysis models and ICC. Statistical analysis revealed that there was a highly significant moderate to good relation between forward trunk flexion and RMDQ score (rho = ?0.59, p < 0.001). While there was a weak correlation between trunk extensions, lateral trunk flexion and trunk rotation with the RMDQ scores (p > 0.05). The main predictors of disability were forward and lateral trunk flexion. Furthermore, intrarater reliability for forward trunk flexion was good (ICC, 0.84), for extension was high (ICC, 0.91), for rotation was good (ICC range, 0.86–0.88), and for lateral flexion was good (ICC range, 0.81–0.82). It was suggested that spinal ROM do not appear to be a valid measure for prediction of the functional disability in patients with chronic low back pain.

Atya, Azza M.

2012-01-01

65

Do disabled elderly medicare beneficiaries with major depression make less use of a consumer-directed home care voucher benefit?  

PubMed

Older adults with major depression may underutilize consumer-directed long-term care. Systematic underutilization would create disparities in outcomes, undermining program effectiveness. The Medicare Primary and Consumer-Directed Care Demonstration included a consumer-directed indemnity benefit that paid for goods and services not financed by traditional Medicare. Overall and for most categories of goods and services there was little difference in use and expenditures between those with and without major depression. However, among those using the benefit to hire in-home workers, arguably the most important consumer-directed purchase, average spending for workers was about 30% lower for depressed persons. While our findings are generally reassuring for public policy, future research is needed to verify that major depression is associated with less spending on in-home workers. PMID:25300034

Friedman, Bruce; Wamsley, Brenda R; Conwell, Yeates

2015-01-01

66

14 CFR 382.121 - What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring into the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...wheelchairs; (2) Other mobility aids, such as canes (including those used by persons with impaired vision), crutches, and walkers; and (3) Other assistive devices for stowage or use within the cabin (e.g., prescription medications and...

2010-01-01

67

Disability in late-life major depression: Patterns of self-reported task abilities, task habits, and observed task performance  

PubMed Central

This paper describes patterns of concordance/discordance between self-reported abilities (“can do”) and habits (“does do”) and observed task performance of daily living tasks in 3 groups of older adults: late life depression with mild cognitive impairment (n = 53), late life depression without mild cognitive impairment (n = 64), and non-depressed, cognitively normal controls (n = 31). Self-reported data were gathered by interview in participants' homes, followed by observation of task performance. Significant differences in the patterns of response were found between controls and respondents with both late life depression and mild cognitive impairment for the cognitive instrumental activities, and between the two depressed groups and controls for the physical instrumental activities. For both sets of activities, controls exhibited the greatest overestimation of task performance. No differences were found among the groups for the less complex functional mobility and personal care tasks. However, for the more complex instrumental activities, concordance was close to, or less than, chance. The findings led us to conclude that when performance testing is not feasible, self-reports of functional status that focus on habits may be more accurate than those that focus on abilities. PMID:20537712

Rogers, Joan C.; Holm, Margo B.; Raina, Ketki D.; Dew, Mary Amanda; Shih, Min-Mei; Begley, Amy; Houck, Patricia R.; Mazumdar, Sati; Reynolds, Charles F.

2009-01-01

68

Pain and joint mobility explain individual subdimensions of the health assessment questionnaire (HAQ) disability index in patients with rheumatoid arthritis  

PubMed Central

Objective: To explore the associations between individual subdimensions of the health assessment questionnaire (HAQ) and clinical variables in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Methods: 304 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (73% female, mean (SD) age, 58 (13) years; disease duration 6 (9) years, 69% rheumatoid factor positive) completed the HAQ for functional capacity (0–3) and a 100 mm visual analogue scale for pain. Grip strength, range of motion of the large joints, Larsen score for radiographic damage of hand and foot joints, and the number of tender and swollen joints were recorded. A logit regression model was used to study associations between subdimensions of the HAQ and other variables. Results: Mean (range) total HAQ score was 0.92 (0 to 2.88) and varied from 0.73 to 1.04 in the subdimensions. Disability was lowest in the "walking" and highest in the "reach" subdimension. Pain was an explanatory variable in all individual subdimensions. Decreased grip strength, limitation of shoulder and wrist motion, and a larger number of swollen and tender joints in the upper extremities were related to several subdimensions. A higher pain score and swollen joint count in the upper extremities, decreased grip strength, and limited motion of wrist, shoulder, and knee joints explained increased disability (higher total HAQ scores). Conclusions: In patients with rheumatoid arthritis, pain and range of movements of joints have the greatest impact on individual subdimensions of the HAQ. Extent of radiographic damage in peripheral joints and the number of swollen and tender joints are of lesser importance for function. PMID:15130901

Hakkinen, A; Kautiainen, H; Hannonen, P; Ylinen, J; Arkela-Kautiainen, M; Sokka, T

2005-01-01

69

Disability Resource Centre: Support and advice for disabled students  

E-print Network

(including hearing impairment, visual impairment) n mental health difficulties (including depression.cam.ac.uk/disability-statistics/ #12;2 The DRC supports students with any impairment/disability, medical condition or injury, including/mobility impairments and injuries (including wheelchair users, Upper Limb Disorder/RSI) n sensory impairments

Steiner, Ullrich

70

Increasing Accessibility: Using Universal Design Principles to Address Disability Impairments in the Online Learning Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the increasing number of students enrolling in distance education, there is a need to consider the accessibility of course materials in online learning environments. Four major groups of disabilities: mobility, auditory, visual, and cognitive are explored as they relate to their implementation into instructional design and their impact on…

Pittman, Candice N.; Heiselt, April K.

2014-01-01

71

Intellectual Disability  

MedlinePLUS

... is intellectual disability? Intellectual disability, also known as mental retardation, is a term used when there are limits ... infections. What are some of the signs of intellectual disability? Usually, the more severe the degree of intellectual ...

72

49 CFR 39.93 - What wheelchairs and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring onto a...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ADA, you must permit individuals with mobility disabilities to use wheelchairs and manually powered mobility aids, such as walkers, crutches, canes, braces, or other similar devices designed for use by individuals with mobility disabilities in any...

2010-10-01

73

A natural language processing approach for mobile service robot control  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the operation of mobile robots, the design of the man-machine interface has a major impact on the acceptance by the user. This is especially valid when dealing with users of minor or no training, which can be found in almost any application area, ranging from transport or construction tasks to assistive technology for elderly and disabled. The following essay

P. Drews; P. Fromm

1997-01-01

74

Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The learning disabilities monograph contains five brief articles dealing with various aspects of learning disabilities as they related to business education. "Learning Disabilities: A Challenge for the Vocational Business Educator" (Dorothy Munger) concerns screening students with learning disabilities into rather than out of business education…

Clow, John, Ed.; Woolschlager, Ruth B., Ed.

75

A secure operational model for mobile payments.  

PubMed

Instead of paying by cash, check, or credit cards, customers can now also use their mobile devices to pay for a wide range of services and both digital and physical goods. However, customers' security concerns are a major barrier to the broad adoption and use of mobile payments. In this paper we present the design of a secure operational model for mobile payments in which access control is based on a service-oriented architecture. A customer uses his/her mobile device to get authorization from a remote server and generate a two-dimensional barcode as the payment certificate. This payment certificate has a time limit and can be used once only. The system also provides the ability to remotely lock and disable the mobile payment service. PMID:25386607

Chang, Tao-Ku

2014-01-01

76

People with Disabilities Frequently Asked Questions  

MedlinePLUS

... to your state see RAC’s State Guides . What transportation services can rural communities provide for people with disabilities? Access to transportation is a major issue for people with disabilities ...

77

Disability retirement  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Eligibility for disability retirement is discussed. General guidelines and a few standards are given. Usually the same basic medical principles apply to the evaluation of claims for disability retirement as apply to determining medical suitability for initial employment.

Eck, R. L.

1975-01-01

78

Intellectual disability  

MedlinePLUS

... to 3% of the population. There are many causes of intellectual disability, but doctors find a specific reason ... cases. Risk factors are related to the causes. Causes of intellectual disability can include: Infections (present at birth ...

79

Major depression.  

PubMed

Major depression is a common, disabling condition seen frequently in primary care practices. Non-psychiatrist ambulatory providers are increasingly responsible for diagnosing, and primarily managing patients suffering from major depressive disorder (MDD). The goal of this review is to help primary care providers to understand the natural history of MDD, identify practical tools for screening, and a thoughtful approach to management. Clinically challenging topics like co-morbid conditions, treatment resistant depression and pharmacotherapy selection with consideration to side effects and medication interactions, are also covered. PMID:25134869

Bentley, Susan M; Pagalilauan, Genevieve L; Simpson, Scott A

2014-09-01

80

Adaptive Computing Technology and the Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adaptive technology offers people with disabilities the opportunity not just to use computers, but to use computers to complete tasks that were previously not possible for them. Computers can be used to assist individuals with speech or writing impairments, physical or mobility impairments, visual impairments, and learning disabilities. (Author/JL)

Harrell, William L.

1998-01-01

81

Biogeochemical processes controlling the mobility of major ions and trace metals in aquitard sediments beneath an oil sand tailing pond: Laboratory studies and reactive transport modeling  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Increased production and expansion of the oil sand industry in Alberta are of great benefit to the economy, but they carry major environmental challenges. The volume of fluid fine tailings requiring storage is 840 × 106 m3 and growing, making it imperative that we better understand the fate and transport of oil sand process-affected water (OSPW) seepage from these facilities. Accordingly, the current study seeks to characterize both a) the potential for major ion and trace element release, and b) the principal biogeochemical processes involved, as tailing pond OSPW infiltrates into, and interacts with, underlying glacial till sediments prior to reaching down gradient aquifers or surface waters. Objectives were addressed through a series of aqueous and solid phase experiments, including radial diffusion cells, an isotope analysis, X-ray diffraction, and sequential extractions. The diffusion cells were also simulated in a reactive transport framework to elucidate key reaction processes. The experiments indicate that the ingress and interaction of OSPW with the glacial till sediment-pore water system will result in: a mitigation of ingressing Na (retardation), displacement and then limited precipitation of exchangeable Ca and Mg (as carbonates), sulfate reduction and subsequent precipitation of the produced sulfides, as well as biodegradation of organic carbon. High concentrations of ingressing Cl (~ 375 mg L- 1) and Na (~ 575 mg L- 1) (even though the latter is delayed, or retarded) are expected to migrate through the till and into the underlying sand channel. Trace element mobility was influenced by ion exchange, oxidation-reduction, and mineral phase reactions including reductive dissolution of metal oxyhydroxides — in accordance with previous observations within sandy aquifer settings. Furthermore, although several trace elements showed the potential for release (Al, B, Ba, Cd, Mn, Pb, Si, Sr), large-scale mobilization is not supported. Thus, the present results suggest that in addition to the commonly cited naphthenic acids, remediation of OSPW-impacted groundwater will need to address high concentrations of major ions contributing to salinization.

Holden, A. A.; Haque, S. E.; Mayer, K. U.; Ulrich, A. C.

2013-08-01

82

Biogeochemical processes controlling the mobility of major ions and trace metals in aquitard sediments beneath an oil sand tailing pond: laboratory studies and reactive transport modeling.  

PubMed

Increased production and expansion of the oil sand industry in Alberta are of great benefit to the economy, but they carry major environmental challenges. The volume of fluid fine tailings requiring storage is 840×10(6) m(3) and growing, making it imperative that we better understand the fate and transport of oil sand process-affected water (OSPW) seepage from these facilities. Accordingly, the current study seeks to characterize both a) the potential for major ion and trace element release, and b) the principal biogeochemical processes involved, as tailing pond OSPW infiltrates into, and interacts with, underlying glacial till sediments prior to reaching down gradient aquifers or surface waters. Objectives were addressed through a series of aqueous and solid phase experiments, including radial diffusion cells, an isotope analysis, X-ray diffraction, and sequential extractions. The diffusion cells were also simulated in a reactive transport framework to elucidate key reaction processes. The experiments indicate that the ingress and interaction of OSPW with the glacial till sediment-pore water system will result in: a mitigation of ingressing Na (retardation), displacement and then limited precipitation of exchangeable Ca and Mg (as carbonates), sulfate reduction and subsequent precipitation of the produced sulfides, as well as biodegradation of organic carbon. High concentrations of ingressing Cl (~375 mg L(-1)) and Na (~575 mg L(-1)) (even though the latter is delayed, or retarded) are expected to migrate through the till and into the underlying sand channel. Trace element mobility was influenced by ion exchange, oxidation-reduction, and mineral phase reactions including reductive dissolution of metal oxyhydroxides - in accordance with previous observations within sandy aquifer settings. Furthermore, although several trace elements showed the potential for release (Al, B, Ba, Cd, Mn, Pb, Si, Sr), large-scale mobilization is not supported. Thus, the present results suggest that in addition to the commonly cited naphthenic acids, remediation of OSPW-impacted groundwater will need to address high concentrations of major ions contributing to salinization. PMID:23727691

Holden, A A; Haque, S E; Mayer, K U; Ulrich, A C

2013-08-01

83

The Age of Majority.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the past 2 years state laws lowering the age of majority to 18 and other statutes that confer some majority rights on minors have considerably altered the status of young people in our society. In 7 states, the age of majority has been lowered in an effort to relieve young people of the minority disabilities originally intended to protect…

Council of State Governments, Lexington, KY.

84

Human factors and qualitative pedagogical evaluation of a mobile augmented reality system for science education used by learners with physical disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technology-enhanced learning, employing novel forms of content representation and education service delivery by enhancing\\u000a the visual perception of the real environment of the user, is favoured by proponents of educational inclusion for learners\\u000a with physical disabilities. Such an augmented reality computer-mediated learning system has been developed as part of an EU\\u000a funded research project, namely the CONNECT project. The CONNECT

Theodoros N. Arvanitis; Argeroula Petrou; James F. Knight; Stavros Savvas; Sofoklis Sotiriou; Michael Gargalakos; Elpida Gialouri

2009-01-01

85

Course Completion and Attainment in Disabled Students Taking Courses with the Open University UK  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation compared outcomes in disabled and non-disabled students taking courses by distance learning with the Open University UK in 2003. Students with mental health difficulties showed poorer course completion than non-disabled students. Students with restricted mobility and students with other disabilities showed lower pass rates than…

Richardson, John T. E.

2010-01-01

86

Shakespeare on old age and disability.  

PubMed

The plays of William Shakespeare were reviewed for references to disabilities, aging and disability, and older characters with disabilities. Shakespeare's references draw from traditional cultural notions about older people with disabilities. These traditional notions include people with physical disabilities being evil, the entertainment value of disabilty, and those who were mentally ill being wild and animal-like. He viewed the aging process as disabling and old age as a time when individuals lost some abilities to function, particularly when it came to mental capacity and physical mobility. His writings show that he used disability as a literary tool to add dimension to characters and set them apart. Contemporary literature continues to share some of Shakespeare's view on aging and disability but also departs from them in important ways. For example, contemporary treatment of disabilities and aging places more emphasis on the human side of the affects of aging and disabilities. Disabilities and aging are not cast in the same negative terms as Shakespeare used. PMID:10987340

Covey, H

2000-01-01

87

75 FR 27324 - National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)-Disability and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...diverse disability and rehabilitation topics, such as virtual reality training applications (Erren-Wolters, van Dijk...A., Ijzerman, M., & Jannink, M. (2007). Virtual reality for mobility devices: Training applications and...

2010-05-14

88

Weathering of primary minerals and mobility of major elements in soils affected by an accidental spill of pyrite tailing.  

PubMed

In the present work, soil profiles were sampled 40 days and three years after an accidental pyrite tailing spill from the Aznalcóllar mine (S Spain) in order to figure out the effects of the acidic solution draining from the tailing. The composition of the acidic solution, the mineralogy, and the total and soluble content of the major elements were analysed at varying depths. The results show a weathering process of carbonates and of primary silicates. Calcium released is leached or reacts with the sulphate ions to form gypsum. Magnesium, aluminium and potassium tend to leach from the uppermost millimetres of the soil, accumulating where the pH>/=5.0; also the iron, probably forming more or less complex hydroxysulphates, precipitate in the upper 5 cm. The strong releasing of soluble salts increases the electrical conductivity, while the soluble potassium tends to decrease in the uppermost part of the soil due to the neoformation of jarosite. Iron is soluble only where the pH

Martín, Francisco; Diez, María; García, Inés; Simón, Mariano; Dorronsoro, Carlos; Iriarte, Angel; Aguilar, José

2007-05-25

89

Prevalence and features of ICF-disability in Spain as captured by the 2008 National Disability Survey  

PubMed Central

Background Since 1986, the study of disability in Spain has been mainly addressed by National Disability Surveys (NDSs). While international attempts to frame NDS designs within the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) have progressed, in general, the ICF has hardly been used in either the NDS or epidemiological studies. This study sought to identify ICF Activity- and Participation-related content in the most recent Spanish NDS, the 2008 Survey on Disabilities, Independence and Dependency Situations (Encuesta sobre discapacidades, autonomía personal y situaciones de Dependencia - EDAD 2008), and estimate the prevalence of such ICF-framed disability. Methods EDAD 2008 methods and questions were perused. Of the 51 EDAD items analysed, 29 were backcoded to specific d2-d7 domains of the ICF Checklist and, by rating the recorded difficulty to perform specific tasks with or without help, these were then taken as performance and capacity respectively. A global ICF score was also derived, albeit lacking data for d1, "Learning and applying knowledge", d8, "Major Life Areas" and d9, "Community, Social and Civic Life". Data were grouped by sex, age, residence and initial positive screening, and prevalence figures were calculated by disability level both for the general population, using the originally designed weights, and for the population that had screened positive to disability. Data for institutionalised persons were processed separately. Results Crude prevalence of ICF severe/complete and moderate disability among the community-dwelling population aged ?6 years was 0.9%-2.2% respectively, and that of severe/complete disability among persons living in sheltered accommodation was 0.3%. Prevalence of severe/complete disability was: higher in women than in men, 0.8% vs. 0.4%; increased with age; and was particularly high in domains such as "Domestic Life", 3.4%, "Mobility", 1.8%, and "Self-care", 1.9%, in which prevalence decreased when measured by reference to performance. Moreover, global scores indicated that severe/complete disability in these same domains was frequent among the moderately disabled group. Conclusions The EDAD 2008 affords an insufficient data set to be ICF-framed when it comes to the Activity and Participation domains. Notwithstanding their unknown validity, ratings for available ICF domains may, however, be suitable for consideration under the ADL model of functional dependency, suggesting that there are approximately 500,000 persons suffering from severe/complete disability and 1,000,000 suffering from moderate disability, with half the latter being severely disabled in domains capable of benefiting from technical or personal aid. Application of EDAD data to the planning of services for regions and other subpopulations means that need for personal help must be assessed, unmet needs ascertained, and knowledge of social participation and support, particularly for the mentally ill, improved. International, WHO-supported co-operation in ICF planning and use of NDSs in Spain and other countries is needed. PMID:22122806

2011-01-01

90

What is a Disability? As defined by the AODA, a disability is  

E-print Network

plan established under the Workplace Safety and Insurance Act, 1997; ("handicap"). Customer Service by phone Mobility devices such as scooters, walkers or crutches, magnifiers, white cane Communication accompanies a person with a disability in order to help with communication, mobility, personal care or medical

Sokolowski, Marla

91

with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parents from culturally diverse backgrounds need to feel that they play a vital role in the future success of their sons or daughters with disabilities. Differences in culture and ethnicity can affect families' involvement in transition planning and the goals that they emphasize for their children. Families of diverse backgrounds were…

Cote, Debra L.; Jones, Vita L.; Sparks, Shannon L.; Aldridge, Patricia A.

2012-01-01

92

Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet uses hypothetical case examples to illustrate the definition, causal theories, and specific types of learning disabilities (LD). The cognitive and language performance of students with LD is compared to standard developmental milestones, and common approaches to the identification and education of children with LD are outlined.…

Neuwirth, Sharyn

93

Disability in Indian patients with haemophilia.  

PubMed

Chronic shortage of clotting factor concentrates, exorbitant treatment costs and the poor economic status of patients makes disability an inevitable consequence of haemophilia in India. The prevalence and risk factors for disability were studied in 148 patients with severe haemophilia A registered at five haemophilia clinics in the country. Disability was measured using a scoring method that used a compilation of functional ability, mobility and range-of-motion scores for each patient. Patients ranged in age from 5 to 55 years. Only nine of 148 patients were free of disability. The proportion of disability free patients in the 5-12, 13-24 and 25+ age groups were 14.3%, 4.4% and 0% respectively. The risk factors significantly associated with disability were patients age, socio-economic status, number of persons in the family, family history of haemophilia, frequency of physiotherapy exercises, home use of coagulation factor concentrate and type of blood product(s) used, that is clotting factor concentrate or cryoprecipitate. The study highlights the need to provide coagulation factor concentrates in sufficient amounts to prevent disability, the beneficial role of physiotherapy exercises and the advantage of older patients as peer educators for younger patients. The most important utility of the data is to demonstrate the widespread prevalence of disability amongst patients, its social costs in terms of incomplete education and unemployment, which justifies the need to include haemophilia as one of the conditions under the Disability Act of India. PMID:17610556

Kar, A; Mirkazemi, R; Singh, P; Potnis-Lele, M; Lohade, S; Lalwani, A; Saha, A S

2007-07-01

94

Disability Services Center University of California, Irvine  

E-print Network

Injury 5 2 - - 7 Autism / Asperger's 43 3 - - 41 Psychological 246 76 - - 309 SUBTOTALS 613 156 126 7.7% Learning Disabilities 6.5% Autism/Asperger's 5.7% Other Hearing 2.6% Low Vision 2.4% Mobility 1.5% Acquired Demographics Psychological 47.8% Other Funtional/Medical 21.0% AD/HD 10.2% Learning Disabilities 12.1% Autism/Asperger

Mease, Kenneth D.

95

Update on the Americans with Disabilities Act  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1990, Congress enacted the Americans with Disabilities Act as a comprehensive mandate to eliminate discrimination against individuals with disabilities. The ADA's primary intent was to extend the protection of Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. The major difference between the two laws is that Section 504 applies to programs that…

Russo, Charles J.; Osborne, Allan G.

2009-01-01

96

The Aging Developmentally Disabled Person: A Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews major research data associated with aging among the developmentally disabled including prevalence, longevity patterns, morbidity profiles, mental decline, mental illness, comparative experiences of disabled persons in institutions and in community based living situations, and approaches used to define aging in this population. Discusses…

Walz, Thomas; And Others

1986-01-01

97

Rewards of Fostering Children with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A random sample of parents fostering children with disabilities in a major Canadian city was asked "what are the rewards you receive from fostering a child with a disability?" A total of 57 unique responses were obtained and grouped together by the foster parents. Two statistical analyses were applied to the grouping data: multidimensional scaling…

Brown, Jason D.

2008-01-01

98

Learning Disabilities In-Service Training Kit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Included in the training kit for teachers in the area of learning disabilities are materials developed by Project Lighthouse for experimental field usage to test the materials. The problem of educating children with learning disabilities is summarized, as is Piaget's model of logical activity. The major divisions of the text then deal with the…

Simpson, Bickley

99

Chronic Disability Syndrome  

PubMed Central

Prolonged disability is best understood as an illness that exists independently of the initiating disease. The disabled individual goes through predictable stages of disability before resolution occurs. The failure to diagnose disability can jeopardize successful rehabilitation. If correctly identified and treated either prior to or concurrently with the initiating problem, successful recovery of the disabled individual is substantially increased. PMID:21229113

Gamborg, Brian L.; Elliott, William S.; Curtis, Kenneth W.

1991-01-01

100

Implications of Mobility Impairment on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Breast Cancer  

PubMed Central

Abstract Background Among women with chronic, preexisting mobility impairments, we sought to explore how their mobility difficulties affected the diagnosis and treatment of early-stage breast cancer Methods This is a qualitative analysis of transcripts from in-depth in-person or telephone interviews with 20 English-speaking women who had early-stage breast cancer, were <60 years of age, and had chronic difficulty walking or used wheeled mobility aids at the time of their breast cancer diagnoses Results Nine women were disabled by polio as children or had postpolio syndrome, 3 had cerebral palsy, 3 had spinal cord injury, and 5 had other conditions. Most women reported difficulty obtaining mammograms, primarily because of inaccessible equipment, positioning problems, and difficulties with uncontrollable movements. Many women made decisions about surgical approach and chemotherapy by explicitly considering how various therapies would affect their arms, which are essential to their mobility (they use ambulation aids, self-propel manual wheelchairs, or otherwise rely on their arms for mobility or safety). Managing at home after surgery posed major mobility challenges, especially for women who lived alone. Several women reported feeling they suffered more chemotherapy side effects than do women without mobility problems. Weight gains with endocrine therapy compromised the mobility of several women. Conclusions Increasing numbers of American women are living with mobility disabilities and entering age ranges with increased risks of breast cancer. Mobility impairments can affect women at every point during early-stage breast cancer diagnosis, therapy, and recovery. Clinicians must consider women's mobility functioning in making therapeutic recommendations to women with impaired mobility who develop breast cancer. PMID:21034276

Park, Elyse R.; Kilbridge, Kerry L.

2011-01-01

101

Disability in Patients Following Traumatic Brain Injury--Which Measure?.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study of 54 individuals with head injuries compares a commonly used measure of physical disability, the Barthel Index, with three measures designed to assess intellectual functioning, communication, behavior, and mobility. The results indicate support for using scales other than the Barthel Index when describing disability following traumatic…

McPherson, K. M.; Pentland, B.

1997-01-01

102

Utilization and expenditures under Medicaid for Supplemental Security Income disabled  

PubMed Central

Recently available data on major disabling conditions of the Supplemental Security Income disabled are used to examine 1984 patterns of Medicaid expenditures in California, Georgia, Michigan, and Tennessee. Results indicate that 37-58 percent of these expenditures are for enrollees whose major disabling condition involves mental retardation or other mental disorders. This pattern occurs because a high proportion of disabled enrollees have these conditions, rather than high expenses per enrollee. Annual Medicaid expenditures per enrollee were highest for the disabled with neoplasms, blood disorders, and genitourinary conditions. Expenditures per enrollee were higher for younger enrollees and lower for those dually enrolled in Medicare. PMID:10318336

Adams, E. Kathleen; Ellwood, Marilyn Rymer; Pine, Penelope L.

1989-01-01

103

Differential Attitudes of Chinese Students Toward People With Disabilities: a Cross-Cultural Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the attitudes of 338 Chinese secondary school students toward three major disability groups (people who are physically disabled, emotionally disturbed, and mentally retarded) using an adaptation of the American Scale of Attitudes toward Disabled Persons (SADP). We found that physically disabled persons were rated higher across the three subscales of the SADP

Fong Chan; John J. Hedl; Harry J. Parker; Chow S. Lam; Tai-Nai Chan; Brenda Yu

1988-01-01

104

Environmental barriers experienced by urban and rural disabled people in South Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Impairments pose a certain degree of difficulty to disabled people, however the impact of the environment is the major cause of disability. Despite the fact that the disabling effect of environmental factors is acknowledged, little research has been done to explore the impact of the environment on varying degrees of disability and different impairments. The aim of this study was

S. Maart; A. H. Eide; J. Jelsma; M. E. Loeb; M. Ka Toni

2007-01-01

105

Novel insight into stem cell mobilization-plasma sphingosine-1-phosphate is a major chemoattractant that directs the egress of hematopoietic stem progenitor cells from the bone marrow and its level in peripheral blood increases during mobilization due to activation of complement cascade/membrane attack complex.  

PubMed

The complement cascade (CC) becomes activated and its cleavage fragments play a crucial role in the mobilization of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs). Here, we sought to determine which major chemoattractant present in peripheral blood (PB) is responsible for the egress of HSPCs from the bone marrow (BM). We noticed that normal and mobilized plasma strongly chemoattracts HSPCs in a stromal-derived factor-1 (SDF-1)-independent manner because (i) plasma SDF-1 level does not correlate with mobilization efficiency; (ii) the chemotactic plasma gradient is not affected in the presence of AMD3100 and (iii) it is resistant to denaturation by heat. Surprisingly, the observed loss of plasma chemotactic activity after charcoal stripping suggested the involvement of bioactive lipids and we focused on sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), a known chemoattracant of HSPCs. We found that S1P (i) creates in plasma a continuously present gradient for BM-residing HSPCs; (ii) is at physiologically relevant concentrations a chemoattractant several magnitudes stronger than SDF-1 and (iii) its plasma level increases during mobilization due to CC activation and interaction of the membrane attack complex (MAC) with erythrocytes that are a major reservoir of S1P. We conclude and propose a new paradigm that S1P is a crucial chemoattractant for BM-residing HSPCs and that CC through MAC induces the release of S1P from erythrocytes for optimal egress/mobilization of HSPCs. PMID:20357827

Ratajczak, M Z; Lee, H; Wysoczynski, M; Wan, W; Marlicz, W; Laughlin, M J; Kucia, M; Janowska-Wieczorek, A; Ratajczak, J

2010-05-01

106

Design and Development of the Personal Mobility and Manipulation Appliance  

Microsoft Academic Search

For people with significant mobility impairments who also have both lower and upper limb disability, there are few technology solutions. The aim of this article is to describe the design and development of the Personal Mobility and Manipulation Appliance, a device that provides coordinated mobility and bimanual manipulation for people with both lower and upper limb impairment. The Personal Mobility

Garrett G. Grindle; Hongwu Wang; Benjamin A. Salatin; Juan J. Vazquez; Rory A. Cooper

2011-01-01

107

Towards Mobile Cryptography  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile code technology has become a driving force for recent advances in distributed systems. The concept of mo- bility of executable code raises major security problems. I n this paper we deal with the protection of mobile code from possibly malicious hosts. We conceptualize on the specific cryptographic problems posed by mobile code. We are able to provide a solution

Tomas Sander; Christian F. Tschudin

1998-01-01

108

Characterization and evolution of dissolved organic matter in acidic forest soil and its impact on the mobility of major and trace elements (case of the Strengbach watershed)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dissolved Organic Carbon (DOC) plays an important role in the behavior of major and trace elements in the soil and influences their transfer from soil to soil solution. The first objective of this study is to characterize different organic functional groups for the Water Extractable Organic Carbon (WEOC) fractions of a forest soil as well as their evolution with depth. The second objective is to clarify the influence of these organic functional groups on the migration of the trace elements in WEOC fractions compared to those in the soil solution obtained by lysimeter plates. All experiments have been performed on an acidic forest soil profile (five depths in the first meter) of the experimental spruce parcel in the Stengbach catchment. The Infra-red spectra of the freeze-dried WEOC fractions show a modification of the molecular structure with depth, i.e. a decrease of the polar compounds such as polysaccharides and an increase of the less polar hydro-carbon functional groups with a maximum value of the aromaticity at 30 cm depth. A Hierarchical Ascending Classification (HAC) of the evolution of Water Extractable Chemical Elements (WECE) with the evolution of the organic functional groups in the organic matter (OM) enriched soil compartments permits recognition of relationships between trace element behavior and the organic functional group variations. More specifically, Pb is preferentially bound to the carboxylic acid function of DOC mainly present in the upper soil compartment and rare earth elements (REE) show similar behavior to Fe, V and Cr with a good affinity to carboxy-phenolic and phenolic groups of DOC. The experimental results show that heavy REE compared to light REE are preferentially bound to the aromatic functional group. This different behavior fractionates the REE pattern of soil solutions at 30 cm depth due to the here observed aromaticity enrichment of DOC. These different affinities for the organic functional groups of the DOC explain some aspects of the behavior of trace elements in soil solutions and in the soil profile but, also the competition between trace elements in complexation with DOC. The results of this study are important for the understanding of the mobility and the migration of pollutants (as heavy metals or radionuclides) as well as nutrients in natural ecosystems. WE PrN/YbN is constant between 3 and 16 cm depth whereas SS PrN/YbN slightly decreases from 0.80 at 5 cm depth to 0.74 at 10 cm depth. This results from Pr (LREE) enrichment in the soil solution of the upper soil compartment caused by vegetation controlled LREE recycling and/or atmospheric depositions (see above). WE PrN/YbN and SS PrN/YbN show similar depth dependent distributions including the enrichment at 30 cm depth. It results from Yb depletion at this depth and enrichment in the deeper soil compartment compared to Pr. Similar to Marsac et al. (2012, 2013) one might suggest that there is competition between Fe3+, Al3+ and REE for the binding with DOC. They have a high affinity with the same organic functional groups which is confirmed by the classification scheme (Fig. 8). The studies of Marsac et al. suggest that at acidic pH and low metal/DOC ratios, Fe3+and Al3+ compete more with HREE than LREE; moreover, at high metal/DOC ratios and acidic pH, Al3+ competes with LREE. The Fig. 13 showing the variations of WECEN for Al and Fe in function of WECEN LREE and HREE confirms Marsac et al.’s observations. The slope of the extrapolation line resulting from WECEN Al and HREE values remains rather unchanged for the OM depleted and enriched soil compartments; thus, the change in the metal/DOC ratio in the soil does not change the extraction behavior of Al and HREE. However, the WECEN Fe strongly increase compared to the corresponding HREE values in the OM enriched compartment pointing to the competition between Fe and HREE. Alternatively, one observes that the WECEN Fe and LREE values in the OM enriched compartment plot on the extrapolation line derived from OM depleted soil samples. Thus, in this case, the change in the met

Gangloff, Sophie; Stille, Peter; Pierret, Marie-Claire; Weber, Tiphaine; Chabaux, François

2014-04-01

109

National Council on Disability Annual Report Volume 19, Fiscal Year 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The annual report of the National Council on Disability (NCD) describes major activities of 1998 to promote policies, programs, practices, and procedures that guarantee equal opportunity for all individuals with disabilities, regardless of the nature or severity of the disability. NCD's major activities for 1998 are grouped into four areas: (1)…

National Council on Disability, Washington, DC.

110

How to Evaluate Disability  

PubMed Central

A disability assessment for non-therapeutic reasons is the most common evaluation requested of treating psychiatrists. Mental disorders affect approximately 20 percent of Americans each year. People who are unable to work need some financial assistance. As part of the system, it’s our goal to assist them in this process. When a disability claim is filed, psychiatrists take into account the individual’s impairments and disabilities. A psychiatrist’s evaluation of disability involves knowledge and experience. There are many ethics related challenges, especially when performing disability evaluation of their own patients. Disability training should therefore be part of residency curriculum for training of psychiatry residents. PMID:23785336

Sohail, Zohaib; Bailey, Rahn Kennedy; Richie, William D.

2013-01-01

111

Seizures and X-linked intellectual disability  

PubMed Central

Intellectual disability occurs as an isolated X-linked trait and as a component of recognizable X-linked syndromes in the company of somatic, metabolic, neuromuscular, or behavioral abnormalities. Seizures accompany intellectual disability in almost half of these X-linked disorders. The spectrum of seizures found in the X-linked intellectual disability syndromes is broad, varying in time of onset, type of seizure, and response to anticonvulsant therapy. The majority of the genes associated with XLID and seizures have now been identified. PMID:22377486

Stevenson, Roger E.; Holden, Kenton R.; Rogers, R. Curtis; Schwartz, Charles E.

2012-01-01

112

Hysterectomy and Disability Among U.S. Women  

PubMed Central

CONTEXT Hysterectomies are the second most common surgery performed on women in the United States, and most are done for elective reasons. Although women with disabilities appear to have an increased risk of undergoing the procedure, little research has evaluated the relationship between disability and hysterectomy. METHODS Data on 42,842 women aged 18 or older from the 2000, 2005 and 2010 National Health Interview Surveys were used to evaluate the relationship between disability and the risk of having a hysterectomy over the life course. Piecewise exponential event history models were estimated to identify associations between timing of disability onset, type of disability, and the occurrence and timing of hysterectomy. RESULTS Women with multiple disabilities experienced a higher risk of undergoing a hysterectomy than women with no disability (hazard ratio, 1.3), and this heightened risk was concentrated at younger ages. During their 20s, 30s and early 40s, women who had multiple disabilities were more likely to have had a hysterectomy than their same-age counterparts with no or one disability (1.3–2.4). Women with a single type of disability, as well as most women who had multiple disabilities and were aged 46 or older, were not at increased risk of having had a hysterectomy. CONCLUSIONS Additional research is needed to investigate why young women with multiple disabilities appear to face an increased risk of having a hysterectomy, especially because it is major surgery that can carry significant health risks. PMID:24020777

Drew, Julia A. Rivera

2013-01-01

113

Measures of Physical Performance and Risk for Progressive and Catastrophic Disability: Results From the Women's Health and Aging Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Physical performance measures can predict incident disability, but little research has assessed and compared how these measures predict progressive and rapid-onset (catastrophic) disability. The authors evaluated the ability of upper and lower extremity performance measures to predict progressive and catastrophic disability in activities of daily living (ADL), mobility, and upper extremity function. Methods. The incidence of progressive and catastrophic

Graziano Onder; Brenda W. J. H. Penninx; Luigi Ferrucci; Linda P. Fried; Jack M. Guralnik; Marco Pahor

114

WORLD REPORT ON DISABILITY  

E-print Network

Children 36 The environment 37 Health conditions are affected by environmental factors 37 Disability Adopt the ICF 45 Improve national disability statistics 45 Improve the comparability of data 46 Develop

Michelson, David G.

115

Subtypes of learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim of the present study was two fold: (1) to evaluate the course of referring and diagnosing Learning Disabilities (LD) and\\u000a the contribution of multidisciplinary assessment and (2) to describe characteristics of three LD subtypes: Attention with\\u000a or without Motor function Disabilities (AMD), Verbal Learning Disabilities (VLD) and Non-Verbal Learning Disabilities (NVLD).\\u000a Diagnostics, behavioural and neuropsychological data from 495 children

Jos G. M. Hendriksen; Esther H. H. Keulers; Frans J. M. Feron; Renske Wassenberg; Jelle Jolles; Johan S. H. Vles

2007-01-01

116

Work Disability in Appalachia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper begins by examining the history of disability payments to disabled workers, specifically disability payments to coal workers. Efforts by the United Mine Workers of America made mine health and safety an issue in the 1960s, and continuing liberalization of the law continued through the 1970s. The identification of coal miners with…

Greenwood, Judith

117

Learning Disabilities and ADHD  

MedlinePLUS

... of learning disabilities: Learning disability What it means Dyslexia (say: diss-LEK-see-uh) Dyslexia makes it hard for people to understand and ... most common type of learning disability. People with dyslexia may: Have problems telling the difference between different ...

118

Information For Disabled  

E-print Network

;1. What is the Disability and Dyslexia Support Service? 2. How to contact us 3. Applying to the University to provide additional information and advice. WHAt iS tHe DiSAbility AnD DySlexiA SUppOrt Service (DDSS Hounsfield Road Durham Road ClarksonStreet Western Bank The Disability and Dyslexia Support Service

Dixon, Peter

119

Social Psychoanalytic Disability Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores connections and tensions between psychoanalysis and disability studies. The first part of the paper considers contemporaneous engagements with the psyche by a number of disability studies writers. These scholars have remained accountable to a politicised disability studies but have pushed for critical encounters with the…

Goodley, Dan

2011-01-01

120

DISABILITY STATISTICS CENTER  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of the Disability Statistics Center is to produce and disseminate statistical information on disability and the status of people with disabilities in American society and to establish and monitor indicators of how conditions are changing over time to meet their health...

121

Forestry Commission Disability Equality  

E-print Network

Forestry Commission 1 02/12/08 Disability Equality Scheme Annual Monitoring Report 2008 #12;Forestry Commission 2 02/12/08 Introduction The Forestry Commission's (FC) Disability Equality Scheme 2006-09 outlines the FC's commitment to both the general and specific Disability Equality Duties. The Scheme

122

MOBILE SENSING 1 MOBILE SENSING  

E-print Network

MOBILE SENSING 1 MOBILE SENSING ! ! Parham Aarabi #12;MOBILE SENSING 2 20 years of sensing research #12;MOBILE SENSING 3 Low Likelihood High Likelihood #12;MOBILE SENSING 4 Image Courtesy of Apple Inc. #12;MOBILE SENSING 5 What can we do with all the sensors on our mobile devices? #12;MOBILE SENSING 6

Prodiæ, Aleksandar

123

Mobile Ambients  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are two distinct areas of work in mobility: mobile computing, concerning computation that is carried out in mobile devices (laptops, personal digital assistants, etc.), and mobile computation, concerning mobile code that moves between devices (applets, agents, etc.). We aim to describe all these aspects of mobility within a single framework that encompasses mobile agents, the ambients where agents interact

Luca Cardelli; Andrew D. Gordon

1998-01-01

124

Rehabilitation nutrition for sarcopenia with disability: a combination of both rehabilitation and nutrition care management.  

PubMed

Malnutrition and sarcopenia often occur in rehabilitation settings. The prevalence of malnutrition and sarcopenia in older patients undergoing rehabilitation is 49-67 % and 40-46.5 %, respectively. Malnutrition and sarcopenia are associated with poorer rehabilitation outcome and physical function. Therefore, a combination of both rehabilitation and nutrition care management may improve outcome in disabled elderly with malnutrition and sarcopenia. The concept of rehabilitation nutrition as a combination of both rehabilitation and nutrition care management and the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health guidelines are used to evaluate nutrition status and to maximize functionality in the elderly and other people with disability. Assessment of the multifactorial causes of primary and secondary sarcopenia is important because rehabilitation nutrition for sarcopenia differs depending on its etiology. Treatment of age-related sarcopenia should include resistance training and dietary supplements of amino acids. Therapy for activity-related sarcopenia includes reduced bed rest time and early mobilization and physical activity. Treatment for disease-related sarcopenia requires therapies for advanced organ failure, inflammatory disease, malignancy, or endocrine disease, while therapy for nutrition-related sarcopenia involves appropriate nutrition management to increase muscle mass. Because primary and secondary sarcopenia often coexist in people with disability, the concept of rehabilitation nutrition is useful for their treatment. Stroke, hip fracture, and hospital-associated deconditioning are major causes of disability, and inpatients of rehabilitation facilities often have malnutrition and sarcopenia. We review the concept of rehabilitation nutrition, the rehabilitation nutrition options for stroke, hip fracture, hospital-associated deconditioning, sarcopenic dysphagia, and then evaluate the amount of research interest in rehabilitation nutrition. PMID:25223471

Wakabayashi, Hidetaka; Sakuma, Kunihiro

2014-12-01

125

Malnutrition and disability: unexplored opportunities for collaboration  

PubMed Central

There is increasing international interest in the links between malnutrition and disability: both are major global public health problems, both are key human rights concerns, and both are currently prominent within the global health agenda. In this review, interactions between the two fields are explored and it is argued that strengthening links would lead to important mutual benefits and synergies. At numerous points throughout the life-cycle, malnutrition can cause or contribute to an individual’s physical, sensory, intellectual or mental health disability. By working more closely together, these problems can be transformed into opportunities: nutrition services and programmes for children and adults can act as entry points to address and, in some cases, avoid or mitigate disability; disability programmes can improve nutrition for the children and adults they serve. For this to happen, however, political commitment and resources are needed, as are better data. PMID:25309998

Groce, N; Challenger, E; Berman-Bieler, R; Farkas, A; Yilmaz, N; Schultink, W; Clark, D; Kaplan, C; Kerac, M

2014-01-01

126

47 CFR 14.61 - Obligations with respect to internet browsers built into mobile phones.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Obligations with respect to internet browsers built into mobile phones...EQUIPMENT BY PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES Internet Browsers Built Into Telephones Used With...14.61 Obligations with respect to internet browsers built into mobile phones....

2013-10-01

127

Going mobile  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

By 1990, all metropolitan areas in the U.S. and rural areas close to major cities or towns are expected to have cellular telephone service; 22 Canadian cities also feature cellular service. To supply mobile telecommunication services to sparsely-populated rural areas, a mobile satellite service (MSS) is now being developed. In this paper the projected possibilities of the MSS system are discussed, including a possibility that a piggyback-MSS payload be added to the GSTAR-4 satellite which is scheduled for a launch in 1988 or 1989; one in which some of the hardware from aborted direct-broadcast satellites would be used; and the possibility of building a new MSS satellite with large servicing capacity. Canada is planning to launch its own mobile satellite, MSAT, in the early 1990s. The MSS is expected to be 'generic', serving not only people on land but maritime and aeronautical users as well. It will also offer major benefits to truck and automobile drivers, making it possible for them to conduct business or to call for assistance from locations beyond the range of cellular systems.

Brus, Eric

1987-12-01

128

National Disability Policy: A Progress Report, December 2001-December 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annual report of the National Council on Disability surveys major legal and policy developments during the year 2002 and offers recommendations for legal/policy measures and for research. The first chapter identifies legal and policy issues that cross traditional areas, focusing on six themes: (1) the mainstreaming of disability issues; (2)…

National Council on Disability, Washington, DC.

129

Wake Up Call: Pregnant and Parenting Teens with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pregnancy among all teenagers is a major challenge facing the United States. A literature review indicated little research on the incidences of pregnancy and parenting among teenagers with disabilities, similarities and differences in their educational needs when compared to their non-disabled peers, and how programs address their specific…

Jones, Karen H.; Woolcock-Henry, Constance O.; Domenico, Desirae M.

2005-01-01

130

ATTITUDES OF HEALTH PROFESSIONALS TOWARD PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES IN BHUTAN  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the attitudes and its impact, of physicians and nurses toward persons with disabilities in Bhutan, given their profession, gender, age and past experience. The Scale of Attitudes toward Disabled Persons (SADP) was sent to 269 physicians and nurses at 3 major hospitals in Bhutan. 170 (63%) health professionals completed the survey and it was found that physicians

Sanga Dorji; Patricia Solomon

131

Overweight and Obesity in Older People with Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Overweight and obesity are major health problems associated with increased cardiovascular disease risk, which is not sufficiently studied in people with intellectual disability yet. The present study was part of the Healthy Ageing in Intellectual Disability (HA-ID) study. The aim of this study was to establish (1) the prevalence of overweight,…

de Winter, C. F.; Bastiaanse, L. P.; Hilgenkamp, T. I. M.; Evenhuis, H. M.; Echteld, M. A.

2012-01-01

132

Four Types of Disabilities: Their Impact on Online Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article introduced some of the issues and challenges faced by online learners who have disabilities by providing an overview of four major disability categories: visual impairments, hearing impairments, motor impairments, and cognitive impairments. It also discussed how assistive technologies and universal design are being incorporated in…

Crow, Kevin L.

2008-01-01

133

The Americans with Disabilities Act and Child Care Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the major components of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 applicable to day care facilities. Offers guidelines for admitting disabled children, and for determining whether an accommodation is reasonable or an unreasonable burden. Considers an ADA case involving discrimination against a diabetic child for insights into the…

Pardeck, John T.

1997-01-01

134

Women with physical disabilities and the negotiation of leisure constraints  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to enhance the conceptual understanding of the importance and meaning of constraints to leisure for women with physical disabilities. In-depth qualitative interviews with women with disabilities were used to obtain information about the experience and meanings of leisure. Symbolic interactionism provided the framework for conducting the study. Two major themes emerged relative to constraints

Karla A. Henderson; Leandra A. Bedini; Lynn Hecht; Rosemary Schuler

1995-01-01

135

Feature Issue on Leadership by Persons with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This newsletter issue provides stories of leaders who have developmental disabilities, descriptions of program initiatives and models promoting leadership opportunities for individuals who are disabled, and an historical overview of leadership issues. Major articles include: "Leadership: Where We've Been, Where We Are, Where We're Going" (Hank…

Abery, Brian, Ed.; And Others

1995-01-01

136

Disability Identity of Leaders in the Self-Advocacy Movement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Life stories and perspectives of leaders in the self-advocacy movement were explored to enhance knowledge about disability identity formation. In-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with 13 leaders in the self-advocacy movement. Five major themes emerged: (a) resistance-claiming personhood and voice; (b) connection with disability

Caldwell, Joe

2011-01-01

137

A Conceptual Foundation for Measures of Physical Function and Behavioral Health Function for Social Security Work Disability Evaluation  

PubMed Central

Physical and mental impairments represent the two largest health condition categories for which workers receive Social Security disability benefits. Comprehensive assessment of physical and mental impairments should include aspects beyond medical conditions such as a person’s underlying capabilities as well as activity demands relevant to the context of work. The objective of this paper is to describe the initial conceptual stages of developing new measurement instruments of behavioral health and physical functioning relevant for Social Security work disability evaluation purposes. To outline a clear conceptualization of the constructs to be measured, two content models were developed using structured and informal qualitative approaches. We performed a structured literature review focusing on work disability and incorporating aspects of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) as a unifying taxonomy for framework development. Expert interviews provided advice and consultation to enhance face validity of the resulting content models. The content model for work-related behavioral health function identifies five major domains (1) Behavior Control, (2) Basic Interactions, (3) Temperament and Personality, (4) Adaptability, and (5) Workplace Behaviors. The content model describing physical functioning includes three domains (1) Changing and Maintaining Body Position, (2) Whole Body Mobility, and (3) Carrying, Moving and Handling Objects. These content models informed subsequent measurement properties including item development, measurement scale construction, and provided conceptual coherence guiding future empirical inquiry. The proposed measurement approaches show promise to comprehensively and systematically assess physical and behavioral health functioning relevant to work. PMID:23548543

Marfeo, Elizabeth E.; Haley, Stephen M.; Jette, Alan M.; Eisen, Susan V.; Ni, Pengsheng; Bogusz, Kara; Meterko, Mark; McDonough, Christine M.; Chan, Leighton; Brandt, Diane E.; Rasch, Elizabeth K.

2014-01-01

138

Conceptual foundation for measures of physical function and behavioral health function for Social Security work disability evaluation.  

PubMed

Physical and mental impairments represent the 2 largest health condition categories for which workers receive Social Security disability benefits. Comprehensive assessment of physical and mental impairments should include aspects beyond medical conditions such as a person's underlying capabilities as well as activity demands relevant to the context of work. The objective of this article is to describe the initial conceptual stages of developing new measurement instruments of behavioral health and physical functioning relevant for Social Security work disability evaluation purposes. To outline a clear conceptualization of the constructs to be measured, 2 content models were developed using structured and informal qualitative approaches. We performed a structured literature review focusing on work disability and incorporating aspects of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health as a unifying taxonomy for framework development. Expert interviews provided advice and consultation to enhance face validity of the resulting content models. The content model for work-related behavioral health function identifies 5 major domains: (1) behavior control, (2) basic interactions, (3) temperament and personality, (4) adaptability, and (5) workplace behaviors. The content model describing physical functioning includes 3 domains: (1) changing and maintaining body position, (2) whole-body mobility, and (3) carrying, moving, and handling objects. These content models informed subsequent measurement properties including item development and measurement scale construction, and provided conceptual coherence guiding future empirical inquiry. The proposed measurement approaches show promise to comprehensively and systematically assess physical and behavioral health functioning relevant to work. PMID:23548543

Marfeo, Elizabeth E; Haley, Stephen M; Jette, Alan M; Eisen, Susan V; Ni, Pengsheng; Bogusz, Kara; Meterko, Mark; McDonough, Christine M; Chan, Leighton; Brandt, Diane E; Rasch, Elizabeth K

2013-09-01

139

Secondary Loss and Pain-Associated Disability: Theoretical Overview and Treatment Implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the area of occupational pain disability, a major barrier to effective rehabilitation of patients may be the extensive personal losses that can arise as secondary features of chronic pain disability. In this review, we discuss the concept of secondary loss and how it can have a profound impact on patients with occupational pain disability. Such secondary loss issues are

Robert J. Gatchel; Laura Adams; Peter B. Polatin; Nancy D. Kishino

2002-01-01

140

Video Self-Modeling: A Job Skills Intervention with Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities in Employment Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A large majority of adults with intellectual disabilities are unemployed. Unemployment of adults with intellectual disabilities is a complex multidimensional issue. Some barriers to employment of individuals with intellectual disabilities are the lack of job experience and skills training. In recent years, video-based interventions, such as video…

Goh, Ailsa E.

2010-01-01

141

Monitoring for Accessibility and University Websites: Meeting the Needs of People with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), people with disabilities are guaranteed access to all postsecondary programs and services. The purpose of this study, conducted by the Center for Excellence in Disabilities, was to evaluate the current status of a major university's web accessibility. The results indicated that in 2011 only 51%…

Solovieva, Tatiana I.; Bock, Jeremy M.

2014-01-01

142

Disability Measurement for Lymphatic Filariasis: A Review of Generic Tools Used within Morbidity Management Programs  

PubMed Central

Lymphatic filariasis (LF)-related disability affects 40 million people globally, making LF the leading cause of physical disability in the world. Despite this, there is limited research into how the impacts of LF-related disability are best measured. This article identifies the tools currently being used to measure LF-related disability and reviews their applicability against the known impacts of LF. The findings from the review show that the generic disability tools currently used by LF programs fail to measure the majority of known impacts of LF-related disability. The findings from the review support the development of an LF-specific disability measurement tool and raise doubt about the suitability of generic disability tools to assess disability related to neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) globally. PMID:23029569

Zeldenryk, Lynne; Gordon, Susan; Gray, Marion; Speare, Richard; Melrose, Wayne

2012-01-01

143

Estimating the extra cost of living with disability in Vietnam.  

PubMed

Disability is shown to be both a cause and a consequence of poverty. However, relatively little research has investigated the economic cost of living with a disability. This study reports the results of a study on the extra cost of living with disability in Vietnam in 2011. The study was carried out in eight cities/provinces in Vietnam, including Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh cities (two major metropolitan in Vietnam) and six provinces from each of the six socio-economic regions in Vietnam. Costs are estimated using the standard of living approach whereby the difference in incomes between people with disability and those without disability for a given standard of living serves as a proxy for the cost of living with disability. The extra cost of living with disability in Vietnam accounted for about 8.8-9.5% of annual household income, or valued about US$200-218. Communication difficulty was shown to result in highest additional cost of living with disability and self-care difficulty was shown to lead to the lowest levels of extra of living cost. The extra cost of living with disability increased as people had more severe impairment. Interventions to promote the economic security of livelihood for people with disabilities are needed. PMID:25353274

Minh, Hoang Van; Giang, Kim Bao; Liem, Nguyen Thanh; Palmer, Michael; Thao, Nguyen Phuong; Duong, Le Bach

2015-01-01

144

National Council on Disability  

MedlinePLUS

... Health Care Housing International Long Term Services & Supports Technology Transportation Youth Perspectives Tweets by @NatCounDis Policy Toolkits Deinstitutionalization Understanding Disability in Indian Country Contact ...

145

"So Much Potential in Reading!" Developing Meaningful Literacy Routines for Students with Multiple Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children with multiple disabilities, often experience challenges in communication, mobility, and learning. Despite these challenges, substantial research exists that documents successful educational methods and strategies for these students. Specifically, students with multiple disabilities have successfully been taught to use a voice output…

Fenlon, Amanda G.; McNabb, Jessica; Pidlypchak, Harmony

2010-01-01

146

Support for Students with Disabilities in Community Colleges. UCLA Community College Bibliography  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In discussing services for students with disabilities, it is important to emphasize that this term encompasses a variety of physical and cognitive challenges faced by individuals, including learning disabilities such as Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), mobility impairment, hearing/visual…

Zarkesh, Maryam

2004-01-01

147

Disability Employment Awareness Month: Census Bureau Data on Disability  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Census Bureau observes October as Disability Employment Awareness Month with statistics pertaining to disabled employees in the United States workforce. Almost one in five Americans, or 54 million, report that they have some kind of disability; 26 million say their disability is severe. During the employable years, between the ages of 21 and 64, 82 percent of non-disabled Americans held jobs or businesses, as compared with 77 percent of those with nonsevere disabilities, and 26 percent of Americans with severe disabilities. In 1991, only 23 percent of Americans with severe disabilities had jobs, representing a three percent rise.

148

Disability and Health: Healthy Living  

MedlinePLUS

... the Health and Wellness of Persons with Disabilities Health Care Reform Health care reform for Americans with disabilities: Learn more about the Affordable Care Act . Getting the Best Possible Health Care People with disabilities must get the care ...

149

Mobilization and redistribution of major and trace elements in two weathering profiles developed on serpentinites in the Lomié ultramafic complex, South-East Cameroon  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The behaviour of major and trace elements have been studied along two serpentinite weathering profiles located in the Kongo-Nkamouna and Mang North sites of the Lomié ultramafic complex. The serpentinites are characterized by high SiO 2 and MgO contents, very low trace, rare earth and platinum-group element contents. Lanthanide and PGE contents are higher in the Nkamouna sample than in Mang North. Normalized REE patterns according to the CI chondrites reveal that: (i) all REE are below chondrites abundances in the Mang North sample; (ii) the (La/Yb) N ratio value is higher in the Nkamouna sample (23.72) than in the Mang one (1.78), this confirms the slightly more weathered nature of the Nkamouna sample. Normalized PGE patterns according to the same CI chondrites reveal a negative Pt anomaly in the Mang sample. The Nkamouna sample is characterized by a flat normalized PGE pattern. All element contents increase highly from the parent rock to the coarse saprolite. In the weathering profiles, Fe 2O 3 contents decrease from the bottom to the top contrarily to Al 2O 3, SiO 2 and TiO 2. The contents of alkali and alkaline oxides are under detection limit. Concerning trace elements, Cr, Ni, Co, Cu, Zn and Sc decrease considerably from the bottom to the top while Zr, Th, U, Be, Sb, Sn, W, Ta, Sr, Rb, Hf, Y, Li, Ga, Nb and Pb increase towards the clayey surface soil. Chromium, Ni and Co contents are high in the weathered materials in particular in the saprolite zone and in the nodules. REE contents are high in the weathered materials, particularly in Nkamouna. Their concentrations decrease along both profiles. Light REE are more abundant than heavy REE. Normalized REE patterns according to the parent rock reveal positive Ce anomalies in all the weathered materials and negative Eu anomalies only at the bottom of the coarse saprolite (Nkamouna site). Positive Ce anomalies are higher in the nodular horizon of both profiles. An additional calculation method of lanthanide anomalies, using NASC data, confirms positive Ce anomalies ([Ce/Ce ?] NASC = 1.15 to 60.68) in several weathered materials except in nodules ([Ce/Ce ?] NASC = 0.76) of the upper nodular horizon (Nkamouna profile). The (La/Yb) N ratios values are lower in the Nkamouna profile than in Mang site. PGE are more abundant in the weathered materials than in the parent rock. The highest contents are obtained in the coarse saprolite and in the nodules. The elements with high contents along both profiles are Pt (63-70 ppb), Ru (49-52 ppb) and Ir (41 ppb). Normalized PGE patterns show positive Pt anomalies and negative Ru anomalies. The mass balance evaluation, using thorium as immobile element, reveals that: major elements have been depleted along the weathering profile, except for Fe, Mn and Ti that have been enriched even only in the coarse saprolite; all the trace elements have been depleted along both profiles, except for Cr, Co, Zn, Sc, Cu, Ba, Y, Ga, U and Nb that have been enriched in the coarse saprolite; rare earth elements have been abundantly accumulated in the coarse saprolite, before their depletion towards the top of the profiles; platinum-group elements have been abundantly accumulated in the coarse saprolite but have been depleted towards the clayey surface soil. Moreover, from a pedogenetical point of view, this study shows that the weathering profiles are autochtonous, except in the upper part of the soils where some allochtonous materials are revealed by the presence of zircon grains.

Ndjigui, Paul-Désiré; Bilong, Paul; Bitom, Dieudonné; Dia, Abdoulaye

2008-03-01

150

Involving people with communication disability in research in Uganda: a response to the World Report on Disability.  

PubMed

The World Report on Disability recommends more involvement of people with disabilities in research. However, the lead article by Wylie, McAllister, Davidson, and Marshall (2013) has not addressed issues relating specifically to the involvement of people with communication disabilities in research. This deserves careful consideration. Involving people with communication difficulties in research forefronts discussion and collaboration, and requires researchers to focus on the priorities and needs of people with communication disabilities in their locality. Taking a participatory approach to research can develop a rich, context-specific understanding of communication disabilities. This paper uses the first author's experience preparing for a participatory research project in Uganda, to outline, particularly with reference to the Majority World, the benefits and challenges of engaging people with communication disabilities in research. PMID:23323820

Jones, Isla; Marshall, Julie; Lawthom, Rebecca; Read, Jennifer

2013-02-01

151

Hypertension Among US Adults by Disability Status and Type, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2001–2010  

PubMed Central

The prevalence of hypertension among people with disabilities is not well understood. We combined data from the 2001–2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to obtain estimates of hypertension prevalence by disability status and type (cognitive, hearing, vision, or mobility limitation) and assess the association between disability and hypertension. Overall, 34% of adults with disabilities had hypertension compared with 27% of adults without disabilities; adults with mobility limitations were more likely to have hypertension than adults without disabilities (adjusted prevalence ratio: 1.23; 95% confidence interval: 1.16–1.32). Our results suggest that adults living with disabilities are an important subpopulation to include in hypertension reporting and intervention efforts. PMID:25121351

Courtney-Long, Elizabeth; Gillespie, Cathleen; Armour, Brian S.

2014-01-01

152

A study of the current situation regarding disabled children in China and its countermeasures.  

PubMed

The results of a national survey of disabled children in 1987 in China and the implications and recommendations for government and society to deal with recovery, education, and prevention are discussed. 41 questions were used to screen for children 14 years old with disabilities. Physicians followed up with positive identification of cases. The visually disabled were defined as those with corrected vision of 0.3. Hearing or speech disability meant hearing loss in both ears of 41 decibels, or aphasia, aphonia, or unclear speech. Mental disability referred to an IQ 50 or indicative behavior. Limb and trunk disabilities involved malformation or functional impediments of upper or lower arms or spine. Psychotic disabilities included mental or social functional disorders. Compound disabilities were also counted. 2.66% of the total children surveyed (1,579,316 in 369,448 households) were disabled and constituted 15.83% of all disabled (77,435). 65.96% children had mental, 14.2% had speech or hearing, 7.58% had physical, 9.87% had compound, 2.22% had visual, and .17% had psychotic disabilities. The error rate was set at 1.16%. Extrapolating to the national population, the 15.83% disabled translates to 8.17 million disabled children 14 years: 5.39 million intellectually disabled, 1.16 with speech or hearing disabilities, .806 with compound disabilities, .62 with physical disabilities, .181 with visual disabilities, and .014 with mental disabilities. 5 main features of the disabled are pointed out and discussed: 1) that males outnumber females, 2) that the qualitative rate increases with age, 3) that more disabled children are in villages than in cities, 4) that most have mental disabilities, and 5) that there are more minor disabilities than major disabilities. Several points are made concerning these figures. 1) Recovery is the remedy to many children's problems. 40-50% of all disabled needed hospital care or outpatient treatment including cataract extraction, orthopedic assists, and hearing and speech therapy. 2) Education is the basis of self-support for disabled children. 6.25 million were school aged but 44.75% (2.15 million) could not get to school. Special education schools and facilities need to be improved in order to comply with the compulsory education law. 3) Disability prevention raises population quality. Hereditary factors can be prevented with prevention of marriage between relatives, emphasizing "birth to the best," and preventive health checks before marriage and births. Hearing diseases can be cured with medical care. Prenatal health care, improved nutrition, and education of infants and children will help sociopsychological problems. Road accidents or external injury can be prevented through safety measures. PMID:12343679

Li, R

1991-01-01

153

Disability and Comorbidity: Diagnoses and Symptoms Associated with Disability in a Clinical Population with Panic Disorder  

PubMed Central

Background. Anxiety disorders are associated with considerable disability in the domains of (1) work, (2) social, and (3) family and home interactions. Psychiatric comorbidity is also known to be associated with disability. Methods. Data from the Cross-National Collaborative Panic Study was used to identify rates of comorbid diagnoses, anxiety and depression symptom ratings, and Sheehan disability scale ratings from a clinical sample of 1165 adults with panic disorder. Results. Comorbid diagnoses of agoraphobia, major depression, and social phobia were associated with disability across the three domains of work, social, and family and home interactions. The symptom of agoraphobic avoidance makes the largest contribution to disability but there is no single symptom cluster that entirely predicts impairment and disability. Limitations. The findings about the relative contributions that comorbid diagnoses make to disability only apply to a population with panic disorder. Conclusions. Although panic disorder is not generally considered to be among the serious and persistent mental illnesses, when it is comorbid with other diagnoses, it is associated with considerable impairment. In particular, the presence of agoraphobic avoidance should alert the clinician to the likelihood of important functional impairment. When measuring the functional impact of comorbid anxiety disorders, both the categorical and the dimensional approaches to diagnosis make valuable contributions. PMID:24829902

Bonham, Caroline A.; Uhlenhuth, Eberhard

2014-01-01

154

Mobile Learning Initiative Summary of Accomplishments October 15, 2011-February 1, 2012  

E-print Network

Mobile Learning Initiative Summary of Accomplishments October 15, 2011- February 1, 2012 1. Two m who are focused on the assessment of the use of mobile learning. 2. With Mobile Learning Initiative on how mobile devices should be configured for students with disabilities. 3. Relevant accessibility apps

Barrash, Warren

155

Legal Aspects of Educating the Developmentally Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A major legal development in the 1970s has been the extension of the principle of egalitarianism to the developmentally disabled, particularly the mentally retarded. The principle that all persons, however unequal they may be in terms of their development, should be treated equally in the sense of being granted equal opportunities has been…

Turnbull, H. Rutherford, III

156

Educating Children with Learning Disabilities in Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increase in the number of slow learners and children with learning disabilities in schools in Africa has become a major issue and concern. The situation is reflected in various school-leaving examinations, where an average of 30 percent of the results are below average or failures each year. Although there are no statistical records available…

Abosi, Okey

2007-01-01

157

Learning Disabilities and Employment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides information on preparing individuals with learning disabilities for the challenges of employment and outlines the rights of those with learning disabilities in the workplace. Introductory chapters in Part 1 include: "Life after School: Challenges in the Workplace" (Paul J. Gerber); "The New Economy in the 21st Century:…

Gerber, Paul J., Ed.; Brown, Dale S., Ed.

158

Analyzing Disability Accommodation Statements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies have indicated that the willingness of faculty members to accommodate students with disabilities differs according to academic discipline and instructor gender. The authors examined the attitudes of faculty members toward students with disabilities as reflected in course syllabi to discern instructor willingness to accommodate these…

Barnard-Brak, L.; Lan, W. Y.

2011-01-01

159

Information For Disabled  

E-print Network

the Disability and Dyslexia Support Service. The Service facilitates students' full inclusion in academic life and Dyslexia Support Service? 3 2. How to contact us 4 3. Applying to the university and accessing support 5 a/from the University 30 l. Securing personal care support 31 Index 32 #12;3 1. What is the Disability and Dyslexia

Li, Yi

160

Disabilities in Written Expression  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Regular education teachers may have received inadequate preparation to work with the variety of student disabilities encountered in the classroom, or they may have received limited training regarding the full range of learning disabilities and their effects on classroom performance. Along with problems in the area of math, students may also have…

Gardner, Teresa J.

2011-01-01

161

Assessment of Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The assessment and diagnosis of learning disabilities (LD) in the school is problematic. How do educators determine who is learning disabled? What practices are recommended? The main focus of the paper is on specific, relatively technical points that influence the validity of assessment. Since technical concerns are only one of the factors…

Shepard, Lorrie A.

162

Disability Employment 101  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Business is about productivity and maintaining a competitive advantage. To do this, business needs qualified workers. Hiring people with disabilities adds value to a business and will attract new customers. Disability is not inability. President Bush's position is that he "will not be satisfied until every American who wants a job can find a job,…

US Department of Education, 2005

2005-01-01

163

Disability Employment 101  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Business is about productivity and maintaining a competitive advantage. To do this, business needs qualified workers. Hiring people with disabilities adds value to a business and will attract new customers. Disability is not inability. President Bush's position is that he "will not be satisfied until every American who wants to work can find a…

US Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

164

Educating Disabled Kids.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite many accomplishments since the passing of the Education for All Handicapped Children Act, not all disabled children are benefiting from the law. Examples are cited from Douglas Biklen's study of schools that have achieved the integration of disabled and nondisabled students. (MLF)

Johnson, Mary

1986-01-01

165

Ghana: Disability and Spirituality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This descriptive study explores the educational system and attitudes toward disability in the Volta Region of Ghana. Traditional, Christian, and Islamic beliefs toward disability are explored. Educators from Accra and three families from the Volta Region with children with special needs are interviewed in an effort to explore the connection…

Botts, Betsy H.; Evans, William H.

2010-01-01

166

Disciplining Students with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discipline in schools can be difficult, especially when dealing with students with disabilities. In fact, Clash (2006) reported that working with students with disabilities under stringent legal demands has become a source of stress for many principals. The typical principal has not received extensive preservice or inservice training in this area.…

Burton, Janieth

2012-01-01

167

INSTITUTE ON DISABILITY AND  

E-print Network

the Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act of 2000 (the DD Act), UCEDDs are a resource as a complex phenomenon. It is the first PhD program dedicated to Disability Studies in the United States and Human Development (IDHD), the UCEDD for the State of Illinois, was established on July 1, 1988

Dai, Yang

168

Disability Evaluation in Japan  

PubMed Central

To examine the current state and social ramifications of disability evaluation in Japan, public data from Annual Reports on Health and Welfare 1998-1999 were investigated. All data were analyzed based on the classification of disabilities and the effects of age-appropriate welfare services, which have been developed through a half-century of legislative efforts to support disability evaluation. These data suggest that disability evaluation, while essentially affected by age and impairment factors at a minimum, was impacted more by the assistive environment for disabilities. The assistive environment was found to be closely linked with the welfare support system related to a global assessment in the field of community-based rehabilitation. PMID:19503677

2009-01-01

169

Medical, environmental and personal factors of disability in the elderly in Spain: a screening survey based on the International Classification of Functioning  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivesThe International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) advocates a multifactorial and multifaceted conceptualization of disability. The objective of this study was to ascertain major medical, environmental and personal determinants of severe\\/extreme disability among the elderly population in Spain. The assessment scheme was consistent with the ICF model of disability.

Javier Virués Ortega; Jesús de Pedro-Cuesta; Jose Luis del Barrio; Javier Almazan-Isla; Alberto Bergareche; Felix Bermejo-Pareja; Gloria Fernández-Mayoralas; Francisco Jose García; Josep Garre-Olmo; Jordi Gascon-Bayarri; Ignacio Mahillo; Pablo Martínez-Martín; Raimundo Mateos; Fernanda Rodríguez; Fermina Rojo-Pérez; Fuencisla Avellanal; Pedro Saz; Manuel Seijo-Martínez

170

Injury prevention for children with disabilities.  

PubMed

Little injury data exists for children who have disabilities. There is an urgent need to address injury prevention and to improve safety standards for this group. Understanding the epidemiology of injuries will allow clinicians to accurately advise patients and their families on individual risks and counsel them in steps to take to reduce those risks. Safety information must be tailored to consider each child's functional impairments. All children who have disabilities are at risk for maltreatment. Open discussion of this problem is warranted given the immensity of the problem. Identifying parental concerns and supporting parents in the use of respite resources are appropriate. For children who have problems in mobility, falls are the number one concern. Collaboration with reliable vendors and therapists that adhere to standards for safe seating is essential for reducing the risk of wheelchair tips and falls. In addition, therapists should be directed to provide mobility training for activities from safe transfers to street crossing in a community setting. Parents should be counseled to approach their child's injury risk based on the child's cognitive and behavioral level rather than their chronological level. Knowledge of the child's developmental quotient or intelligence quotient will also allow the clinician to accurately formulate an injury prevention plan. Many children will always need supervision for tasks that put them in situations of injury risk (i.e., swimming, street crossing, bathing). Sensorineural deficits such as blindness or deafness create significant alterations in negotiating the environment and an increased risk of injury. Awareness of the special needs for fire risk reduction and street safety are critical in this population. The collection of injury data is critical to define the scope of the problem and to influence changes in policy and the development of technical standards. Educational efforts focused on safety should include pediatricians, rehabilitative therapists, social workers, teachers, parents, and--most importantly--the empowerment of children as they age injury-free into adults. SUGGESTED STRATEGIES: A national injury surveillance system for children who have disabilities should be developed to identify injury risk factors for children with disabilities. Children with disabilities should be monitored as a separate risk group in data collection regarding injuries. Parents should be aware of the cognitive level of their child and its influence on their injury risk. Crash testing on passenger restraints should include crash dummies whose physical characteristics resemble those of children who have disabilities. Families should have an emergency evacuation plan with specific consideration of their disabled child in the event of an emergency. Risk of burns to insensate skin and risks of thermal and friction trauma should be discussed when appropriate. The fire department and the police department should be notified of the presence of a child who has a disability in the home. Parents must be aware of the risk of falls to children who are mobile but cognitively impaired and to those in wheelchairs regardless of cognitive ability. Hospitals must have Child Protective Services teams with specific training in abuse to children with disabilities. Discussion of maltreatment risk should be addressed during routine office visits and appropriate resources should be made available to provide support to families. Educational programs should be developed to alert providers to the risks of abuse of children who have disabilities. PMID:12465566

Gaebler-Spira, Deborah; Thornton, Lisa S

2002-11-01

171

Research into Telecommunications Options for People with Physical Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

People with a disability do not have equitable access to the modern telecommunication medium. Many experience difficulty typing, handling the phone, dialing, or answering calls. For those who are unable to speak, the only option is to type messages using whatever functional control site exists on their body. The provision of accessible mobile

Nguyen, Toan; Garrett, Rob; Downing, Andrew; Walker, Lloyd; Hobbs, David

2007-01-01

172

Notions of Self: Lived Realities of Children with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To research children's notions of self, semi-structured interviews, drawings and focused group discussions were used with 14 children with mobility "impairments" aged 11-16 years. The objective was to capture children's "lived realities". Findings illuminated immense variation and fluidity in children's understanding of "disability". Children…

Singh, Vanessa; Ghai, Anita

2009-01-01

173

Disability and Health: Exploring the Disablement Experience of Young Adult African Americans  

PubMed Central

Purpose The objective of this study was to examine disablement as experienced by young adult African American men and women with permanent mobility impairment. Methods This study included a sample of 5 male and 5 female participants ranging in age from 22 to 39. An exploratory descriptive design and qualitative methods, including interviews and fieldnotes, were used. Interview data was analyzed using the process of inductive qualitative content analysis. Results Basic desires for independence, shared intimacy, and psychological and physical health were not diminished by physical limitations. The disablement experience of this group is reflected in the themes of “Cumulative Losses” and “Sustained Desires.” The findings of this study describe the high level of motivation that young adult African American men and women with disabilities have to improve levels of health and well-being within the context of their impairments. Conclusion This study provides a better understanding of the contextual factors and experiences that may contribute to the development of further disability and subsequent health-related problems over time. Increased knowledge of the disablement experience of these young men and women may assist health care entities and social service providers in improving health care and rehabilitation efforts targeting this group. PMID:23745770

Harrison, Tracie

2013-01-01

174

Paralympic Athletes and "Knowing Disability"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores non-disabled young people's understandings of Paralympic athletes and the disability sports they play. The article examines how society has come to know disability by discussing medical and social model views of disability. The conceptual tools offered by Pierre Bourdieu are utilised as a means of understanding the nature and…

Fitzgerald, Hayley

2012-01-01

175

Reflections on Growing Up Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The book offers firsthand accounts of the experiences and perceptions of disabled persons, as well as the views of parents of disabled children. Entries include the following titles: "Reflections of Disabled Children" (J. Umbreit and D. Baker); "The Handicap That Had No Name" (D. Brown); "Orthopedically Disabled: Determination on Wheels" (D.…

Jones, Reginald L., Ed.

176

Syracuse University Gender, Disability & Sexuality  

E-print Network

Syracuse University CFE/WS 700 Gender, Disability & Sexuality: Seminar in Feminist Disability, such as gender, race, sexuality, and social class. Issues explored within feminist disability studies are wide--Researching gender/race/class/sexuality from a disability studies lens. In groups of 3 or 4, choose a research topic

Mather, Patrick T.

177

People with Learning Disabilities Living in Community-Based Homes: The Relationship of Quality of Life with Age and Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Living in a Supervised Home: A Questionnaire on Quality of Life" was used to study the relationship between age, disability, and the quality of life of 57 older adults with mental retardation. Results indicated that age was associated with greater self-help skills but more mobility and continence problems; also, age was positively associated with…

Jones, J.; And Others

1996-01-01

178

Disability training in the genetic counseling curricula: bridging the gap between genetic counselors and the disability community.  

PubMed

Over the past two decades, disability activists, ethicists, and genetic counselors have examined the moral complexities inherent in prenatal genetic counseling and considered whether and in what ways genetic counseling may negatively affect individuals in the disability community. Many have expressed concerns about defining disability in the context of prenatal decision-making, as the definition presented may influence prenatal choices. In the past few years, publications have begun to explore the responsibility of counselors in presenting a balanced view of disability and have questioned the preparedness of counselors for this duty. Currently, the Accreditation Council for Genetic Counseling (ACGC) only minimally includes disability training in their competencies for genetic counselors, and in their accreditation requirements for training programs. In an attempt to describe current practice, this article details two studies that assess disability training in ABGC-accredited genetic counseling programs. Results from these studies demonstrate that experience with disability is not required by the majority of programs prior to matriculation. Though most program directors agree on the importance of including disability training in the curriculum, there is wide variability in the amount and types of training students receive. Hours dedicated to disability exposure among programs ranged from 10 to 600 hours. Eighty-five percent of program directors surveyed agree that skills for addressing disability should be added to the core competencies. Establishing a set of disability competencies would help to ensure that all graduates have the skills necessary to provide patients with an accurate understanding of disability that facilitates informed decision-making. PMID:24845370

Sanborn, Erica; Patterson, Annette R

2014-08-01

179

Developmental Disabilities Institute presents expert on disability and The Developmental Disabilities Institute (DDI) welcomes professor, researcher  

E-print Network

for individuals with disabilities. Martin is a professor of kinesiology, health and sport studies at Wayne State University. His research focuses on the psychosocial aspects of disability sport and physical activity. HeDevelopmental Disabilities Institute presents expert on disability and exercise The Developmental

Berdichevsky, Victor

180

What Are Learning Disabilities?  

MedlinePLUS

... the most common learning disabilities include the following: Dyslexia. This condition causes problems with language skills, particularly reading. People with dyslexia may have difficulty spelling, understanding sentences, and recognizing ...

181

DisabilityInfo.gov  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On August 28, 2002, President George W. Bush issued an executive memorandum as part of the New Freedom Initiative that directed all federal agencies to cooperate in building an interagency Web portal for people with disabilities, their families, employers, and the general public. As a result of this directive, DisabilityInfo.gov was developed to service these different groups. The site is divided into ten broad thematic areas, including housing, education, health, technology, and civil rights. Within each area, visitors can look through a number of press releases and links dealing with each area and, in many cases, specifically addressing the rights of the disabled. The site includes a search engine and, appropriately enough, is also available in several different versions, including a high-contrast version. Finally, the site also contains a number of federal grant opportunities for persons and organizations serving and working on behalf of the disabled.

182

The effect of smoking on the duration of life with and without disability, Belgium 1997–2011  

PubMed Central

Background Smoking is the single most important health threat yet there is no consistency as to whether non-smokers experience a compression of years lived with disability compared to (ex-)smokers. The objectives of the manuscript are (1) to assess the effect of smoking on the average years lived without disability (Disability Free Life Expectancy (DFLE)) and with disability (Disability Life Expectancy (DLE)) and (2) to estimate the extent to which these effects are due to better survival or reduced disability in never smokers. Methods Data on disability and mortality were provided by the Belgian Health Interview Survey 1997 and 2001 and a 10 years mortality follow-up of the survey participants. Disability was defined as difficulties in activities of daily living (ADL), in mobility, in continence or in sensory (vision, hearing) functions. Poisson and multinomial logistic regression models were fitted to estimate the probabilities of death and the prevalence of disability by age, gender and smoking status adjusted for socioeconomic position. The Sullivan method was used to estimate DFLE and DLE at age 30. The contribution of mortality and of disability to smoking related differences in DFLE and DLE was assessed using decomposition methods. Results Compared to never smokers, ex-smokers have a shorter life expectancy (LE) and DFLE but the number of years lived with disability is somewhat larger. For both sexes, the higher disability prevalence is the main contributing factor to the difference in DFLE and DLE. Smokers have a shorter LE, DFLE and DLE compared to never smokers. Both higher mortality and higher disability prevalence contribute to the difference in DFLE, but mortality is more important among males. Although both male and female smokers experience higher disability prevalence, their higher mortality outweighs their disability disadvantage resulting in a shorter DLE. Conclusion Smoking kills and shortens both life without and life with disability. Smoking related disability can however not be ignored, given its contribution to the excess years with disability especially in younger age groups. PMID:25026981

2014-01-01

183

Using iPads with Students with Disabilities: Lessons Learned from Students, Teachers, and Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of mobile technology has increased greatly in recent years. Although the research in this area is still in its infancy, preliminary studies are showing a positive impact on the skills and academic engagement of students with disabilities. This column provides an overview of a selection of research studies involving mobile devices such as…

Draper Rodríguez, Cathi; Strnadová, Iva; Cumming, Therese

2014-01-01

184

A Review of Balance and Gait Capacities in Relation to Falls in Persons with Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Limitations in mobility are common in persons with intellectual disabilities (ID). As balance and gait capacities are key aspects of mobility, the prevalence of balance and gait problems is also expected to be high in this population. The objective of this study was to critically review the available literature on balance and gait characteristics…

Enkelaar, Lotte; Smulders, Ellen; van Schrojenstein Lantman-de Valk, Henny; Geurts, Alexander C. H.; Weerdesteyn, Vivian

2012-01-01

185

Utilitarianism, Disability, and Society  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a What are the social implications of utilitarianism with respect to disability? In this chapter I give a rough answer to this\\u000a question: the implications are well in accordance with our common sense thinking, once various prejudices in relation to disability\\u000a have been exposed. In order to be able to establish this claim, there are some obvious preliminaries that must be

Torbjörn Tännsjö

186

Disaster and disabilities  

E-print Network

to consider medical and other special needs of their employees with disabili- ties should a disaster occur during the work day. In both congregate housing and work environments, an accessible built environment (Christensen, Collins, Holt, & Phillips, 2006.... W. (2006). Academic and behavioral reactions of children with disabilities to the loss of a firefighter father. Review of Disability Studies, 2(3), 68–77. Christensen, K. M., Collins, S. D., Holt, J. M., & Phillips, C. N. (2006). The relationship...

Stough, Laura

2014-01-01

187

Categories of Disability under IDEA Law  

MedlinePLUS

... fully meet the definition (and eligibility for special education and related services) as a “child with a disability,” a child’s educational performance ... disability Multiple disabilities Orthopedic ...

188

Mobile robots  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book presents papers given at a conference on mobile robots. Topics the conference included are the following: mobility systems for robotic vehicles; detection and control of mobile robot motion by real-time computer vision, obstacle avoidance algorithms for an autonomous land vehicle; hierarchical processor and matched filters for range image processing; asynchronous distributed control system for a mobile robot, and,

W. J. Wolfe; N. Marquina

1986-01-01

189

UNC Charlotte Office of Disability Services Documentation Form -Revised 11/14 Office of Disability Services  

E-print Network

, medications, assistive devices/services currently prescribed or in use defines a disability as a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life. Visual or hearing loss documentation must include an acuity and/or audiology report that addresses

Kelly, Scott David

190

Benefit from Web services in the mobile Internet industry  

E-print Network

Over the past five years, mobile Internet services in Japan have seen major expansion as a result of collaboration between mobile operators acting as mobile portal providers, and their complementors, namely, content ...

Ikeda, Daizo, 1974-

2004-01-01

191

Disability Measures in Stroke Relationship Among the Barthel Index, the Functional Independence Measure, and the Modified Rankin Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and Purpose—Residual disability after stroke presents a major economic and humanistic burden. To quantify disability in patients, activities of daily living (ADL; Barthel Index (BI), and motor component of Functional Independence Measure (M-FIM)) and categorical disability measures (Modified Rankin Scale (MRS)) are used. The purpose of this study is to examine the predicting ability of ADL measures to global

Sooyeon Kwon; Abraham G. Hartzema; Pamela W. Duncan; Sue-Min Lai

192

Effects of Cognitive Strategy Interventions on Word Problem Solving and Working Memory in Children with Math Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although current categories of learning disabilities include as specific disabilities calculation and mathematical problem solving [see IDEA reauthorization, 2004, Sec. 300.8(c)(10)], the majority of research focuses on calculation disabilities. Previous studies have shown, however, that deficits in word problem solving difficulties are persistent…

Swanson, H. Lee; Lussier, Catherine; Orosco, Michael

2011-01-01

193

Chicano Studies Major Major Advisor  

E-print Network

Chicano Studies Major Major Advisor Laura Jimenez-Olvera 532 Barrows Hall 510-642-0243 lauraj@berkeley.edu http://ethnicstudies.berkeley.edu/ Undergraduate Program The Chicano studies major offers an interdisciplinary curriculum of academic study that critically examines the historical and contemporary experiences

Walker, Matthew P.

194

Accuracy and Precision of the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory Computer-Adaptive Tests (PEDI-CAT)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aim: The aims of the study were to: (1) build new item banks for a revised version of the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI) with four content domains: daily activities, mobility, social/cognitive, and responsibility; and (2) use post-hoc simulations based on the combined normative and disability calibration samples to assess the…

Haley, Stephen M.; Coster, Wendy J.; Dumas, Helene M.; Fragala-Pinkham, Maria A.; Kramer, Jessica; Ni, Pengsheng; Tian, Feng; Kao, Ying-Chia; Moed, Rich; Ludlow, Larry H.

2011-01-01

195

Crosschecking the mobile web for people with visual impairments  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a reflection on the assessment of mobile Web content for people with disabilities. It proposes a rationale for an evaluation framework considering: (1) the coherent merge of state of the art guidelines on Web accessibility and mobile best practices; and (2) the usage of current and prospective practices particularly for people with visual impairments. It also presents

Luís Carriço; Rui Lopes; Rogério Bandeira

2011-01-01

196

Disability in multiple sclerosis  

PubMed Central

Objective: To create a reference table of disability outcomes in multiple sclerosis (MS) that would enable patients to rank their disability relative to others' with similar disease duration and to develop a cost-effective research tool for comparing MS severity across patient populations and time periods. Methods: The North American Research Committee on Multiple Sclerosis (NARCOMS) Registry collects disability data from patients with MS on a validated, 9-point Patient-Determined Disease Steps (PDDS) scale. We compiled the Disability Expectancy Table, which displays cumulative frequencies of PDDS scores for each year of disease duration, from 0 to 45 years. We also tabulated disease duration–adjusted mean ranks of PDDS scores, referred to as Patient-derived MS Severity Scores (P-MSSS). Results: The cohort consisted of 27,918 NARCOMS enrollees, 72.7% of whom were female and 90.1% of whom were white. Mean age at symptom onset was 30.1 ± 10.1 years, and age at enrollment was 47.1 ± 11.0 years. The Disability Expectancy Table and P-MSSS afford a detailed overview of disability outcomes in a large MS cohort over a 45-year period. In the first year of disease, 15% of patients reported need of ambulatory aid, and 4% needed bilateral assistance or worse; after 45 years of disease, 76% of patients required ambulatory aid, and 52% bilateral assistance or worse. Proportion of patients who reported minimal or no interference in daily activities (PDDS ? 1) declined from 63% in the first year to 8% after 45 years of disease. Conclusion: The Disability Expectancy Table allows individual patients to determine how their disability ranks relative to NARCOMS enrollees with the same disease duration. P-MSSS may be used to compare disability across patient populations and to track disease progression in patient cohorts. P-MSSS does not require a formal neurologic examination and may therefore find wide applicability as a practical and cost-effective outcome measure in epidemiologic studies. PMID:23427319

Chamot, Eric; Salter, Amber R.; Cutter, Gary R.; Bacon, Tamar E.; Herbert, Joseph

2013-01-01

197

Description of the AMSC mobile satellite system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The American Mobile Satellite Corporation will provide a full range of mobile satellite services through a mobile satellite system dedicated to mobile use in the United States. This paper provides a summary of the system architecture with descriptions of each of the major system elements. The elements are the space segment, network control system, mobile earth terminals and feeder-link earth stations. The general transmission plan is also described.

Garner, W. B.

198

Math Disabilities and Reading Disabilities: Can They Be Separated?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article synthesizes some of the published literature that selectively compares the cognitive functioning of children with math disabilities (MDs) with average-achieving children and poor readers (children with reading disabilities [RDs] or comorbid disabilities [RDs + MDs]). All studies in the synthesis report reading, IQ, and math scores for…

Swanson, H. Lee; Jerman, Olga; Zheng, Xinhua

2009-01-01

199

Disability and Employment. Disability Statistics Abstract Number 11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This statistical abstract summarizes recent data on the relationship between disability and employment. The statistics come from the Current Population Survey, the Census Bureau's Survey of Income and Program Participation, a poll of 1,000 Americans with disabilities, and administrative data on recipients of Social Security Disability Insurance…

LaPlante, Mitchell P.; Kennedy, Jae; Kaye, H. Stephen; Wenger, Barbara L.

200

Essays on disability and employment  

E-print Network

This dissertation consists of three essays which examine the impact of public policy on labor market outcomes of those with disabilities. The first essay analyzes a microlending program for people with disabilities in ...

Thompkins, Allison V. (Allison Victoria)

2011-01-01

201

Disability and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome  

MedlinePLUS

... patients with CFS. Disability Evaluation Under Social Security (Blue Book - September 2008) The SSA has prepared the Disability Evaluation Under Social Security (known as the Blue Book) to help physicians and healthcare professionals understand ...

202

Disability, Disorder, and Identity  

PubMed Central

The World Health Organizations International Classification of Diseases is the most important diagnostic tool, worldwide, to ensure that people with intellectual and developmental disabilities receive the supports they need to live richer, fuller lives. And yet, the ICD has naming conventions that create a conundrum for the field, requiring that all “conditions” in the ICD be named as a “disorder.” This article discusses the effect of naming on how people with intellectual disability are perceived by others and how they perceive themselves. The importance of continuing to move the field toward the adoption of functional/person-environment fit models of disability is discussed. “What’s in a name? That which we call a rose by any other name would smell as sweet.”William Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet (II, ii, 1–2) PMID:23537360

Wehmeyer, Michael L.

2014-01-01

203

Madness as disability.  

PubMed

How does society imagine mental illness? Does this shift radically over time and with different social attitudes as well as scientific discoveries about the origins and meanings of mental illness? What happens when we begin to think about mental illness as madness, as a malleable concept constantly shifting its meaning? We thus look at the meanings associated with 'general paralysis of the insane' in the nineteenth century and autism today in regard to disability. In this case study we examine the claims by scholars such as the anthropologist Emily Martin and the psychiatrist Kay Jamison as to the relationship between mental illness, disability and creativity. Today, the health sciences have become concerned with mental illness as a form of disability. How does this change the meaning of madness for practitioners and patients? PMID:25395442

Gilman, Sander L

2014-12-01

204

Commentary on measuring disability.  

PubMed

This is a commentary on 5 articles in this issue of Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation that report on several related studies of new approaches to measuring disability. The project was grounded in theory, beginning with the development of a conceptual framework enhanced by a literature review and expert consultation within and outside of the Social Security Administration. The investigators then used item response theory to develop test items, which they organized into computer adaptive testing instruments and tested them for their psychometric properties. All in all, it is a groundbreaking set of studies and an enormously valuable contribution to the field. Hopefully it will also be tested as an alternative approach to assessing disability in the Social Security Administration disability benefits programs. PMID:23770279

Goldman, Howard H

2013-09-01

205

Data Traffic Costs and Mobile Browsing User Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cost of mobile data traffic is seriously restraining mobile browsing from becoming commonplace. Our user studies with 35 international interviewees show that cost is a major influencer in mobile browsing user experience, and it is hard to understand, follow, and control mobile data traffic costs. In this paper, we discuss different billing models for mobile data traffic, how users perceive

Virpi Roto; Roland Geisler; Anne Kaikkonen; Andrei Popescu; Elina Vartiainen

206

The Gifted Learning Disabled Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of articles on gifted learning disabled students begins with an explanation of the philosophy of the Center for Talented Youth at Johns Hopkins University (Maryland), a list of characteristics of gifted disabled students, and three definitions of learning disabilities. The following papers are then provided: "Gifted but Learning…

1994

207

SERVICES FOR STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES  

E-print Network

, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) 1990 and the ADA Amendments Act of 2008. The ADA regulations broadly, cardiovascular, reproductive, digestive, genitor-urinary, hemic, lymphatic, or endocrine systems, or the skins of an otherwise qualified student with a disability. It is the responsibility of the student with a disability

Farritor, Shane

208

Disabled People in Japanese Community.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The volume is intended to give readers a glimpse of the day-to-day life of disabled people in Japan. Eight brief papers present life experiences of a mentally retarded preschooler, severely disabled children, a child with muscular dystrophy, a young girl with polio living in the community, visually disabled and recovering mentally ill people…

Kojima, Yoko, Ed.; And Others

209

Disability Studies: Information and Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document reflects the diversity of the field of Disability Studies, including contributions representing different disability groups, perspectives, and disciplines. Resource information is presented in nine sections: (1) Books, Chapters, and Articles; (2) Films and Documentaries; (3) Academic Programs in Disability Studies in North America;…

Taylor, Steven, Ed.; Shoultz, Bonnie, Ed.; Walker, Pamela, Ed.

2003-01-01

210

Specific Learning Disabilities: A Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The handbook provides information to aid both regular and special education teachers in managing the curriculum for learning disabled students. Section I provides an introduction to the area of specific learning disabilities with chapters on the diagnostic process and on the distinction between slow learners and specific learning disabilities.…

George Washington Univ., Washington, DC. Special Education Instructional Materials Center.

211

Challenging the Myth of Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of the rhetoric of disability, including physical, hearing, and visual impairments, highlights possible benefits that computer technology can provide. Designing for disabled individuals is discussed, and product development efforts by Apple Computer to increase microcomputer access to disabled children and adults are described. (LRW)

Brightman, Alan

1989-01-01

212

Disability Discrimination in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews court cases in 1999 related to disability discrimination in higher education focusing on the Americans with Disabilities Act and section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. The "Garrett" case regarding Eleventh Amendment immunity is the case most likely to be significant in the development of the law of disability discrimination. (SLD)

Weber, Mark C.

2000-01-01

213

Staying Mobile  

MedlinePLUS

... Mobile Staying Mobile In this article Effective symptom management Ongoing management of symptoms caused by MS is ... Finding the right shoes can make all the difference. Automobile adaptations When symptoms of MS such as ...

214

Mobile Visual Aid Tools for Users with Visual Impairments  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In this chapter we describe “MobileEye”, a software suite which converts a camera enabled mobile device into a multi-function\\u000a vision tool that can assist the visually impaired in their daily activities. MobileEye consists of four subsystems, each customized\\u000a for a specific type of visual disabilities: A color channel mapper which can tell the visually impaired different colors;\\u000a a software based

Xu Liu; David S. Doermann; Huiping Li

2008-01-01

215

Safer Science: Making Adjustments for Mobility-Impaired Students  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students' mobility impairments need to be addressed for access to and safety in science laboratories. Typical accommodations for mobility-impaired students include workstations, sinks, fume hoods, and safety eyewashes and showers, in addition to other adaptations. The following are some of the higher profile accommodations based primarily on the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and the Uniform Federal Accessibility Standards (UFAS) expectations for mobility-impaired students and faculty members.

Ken Roy

2008-07-01

216

Major Programs  

Cancer.gov

The Division of Cancer Prevention supports major scientific collaborations and research networks at more than100 sites across the United States; investigator-initiated grants; postdoctoral training; and specialized resources for researchers.

217

Major Links.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides electronic mail addresses for resources and discussion groups related to the following academic majors: art, biology, business, chemistry, computer science, economics, health sciences, history, literature, math, music, philosophy, political science, psychology, sociology, and theater. (AEF)

Henderson, Tona

1995-01-01

218

Mobile robots  

SciTech Connect

This book presents papers given at a conference on mobile robots. Topics the conference included are the following: mobility systems for robotic vehicles; detection and control of mobile robot motion by real-time computer vision, obstacle avoidance algorithms for an autonomous land vehicle; hierarchical processor and matched filters for range image processing; asynchronous distributed control system for a mobile robot, and, planning in a hierarchical nested autonomous control system.

Wolfe, W.J.; Marquina, N.

1986-01-01

219

Majors Exploration  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Put on your safari hat, open your mind and get ready to enter the world of majors explorations. If you ever wondered about a field of study and whether it is right for you, you are about to find out. You will also learn where majors and fields lead for careers that may interest you. All you need for the journey is the mind of the explorer and a commitment to thoroughly investigating the options which await you.

Prentice Hall (Prentice Hall)

2012-01-05

220

Disability Benefits Available Under the Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) and Veterans Disability Compensation (VDC) Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

[Excerpt] Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) and Veterans Disability Compensation (VDC)— administered by the Social Security Administration (SSA) and the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) respectively—are two of the largest federal disability programs, but strongly differ along several dimensions, including the populations served, how each program defines a “disability,” as well as varying eligibility requirements.\\u000aThis report provides a description

Umar Moulta-Ali

2012-01-01

221

Disability and Health  

MedlinePLUS

... ageing in their 40s and 50s. Engaging in health risk behaviours Some studies have indicated that people with disabilities have higher rates of risky behaviours such as smoking, poor diet and ... depending on the health condition. However an investigation in the United Kingdom ...

222

Math Learning Disabilities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this article Dr. Kate Garnett defines five areas of math learning disabilities and provides suggestions on how adequate differentiated instruction and modifications can help students overcome these obstacles. The five areas are: Mastering Basic Number Facts, Arithmetic Weakness/Math Talent, The Written Symbol and Concrete Materials, The Language of Math, and Visual-Spatial Aspects of Math.

Kate Garnett

1998-01-01

223

Iowans with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"The Goldfinch" is a magazine aimed at introducing young people to Iowa history. Each issue has a different topic which is discussed in detail throughout that issue. There are articles which describe different aspects of the topic. The topic for this particular issue is "Iowans with Disabilities." Featured articles from this issue include:…

Ruth, Amy, Ed.

1997-01-01

224

Sexuality and Intellectual Disability  

MedlinePLUS

... esteem, body image and awareness, emotional growth, and social behavior. People with intellectual or developmental disabilities frequently lack access to appropriate sex education in schools and other settings. At the same ... and social relationships. The presence of an intellectual or developmental ...

225

Learning Disabilities in Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines five factors which appear to contribute to learning disabilities among adult basic education (ABE) learners. While the research literature does not provide a comprehensive basis for describing how the disadvantaged learn, it does lead the authors to make eight helpful suggestions for the ABE teacher. (JDS)

Glass, J. Conrad, Jr.; Hoffman, Lee McGraw

1976-01-01

226

Fluid blade disablement tool  

Microsoft Academic Search

A fluid blade disablement (FBD) tool that forms both a focused fluid projectile that resembles a blade, which can provide precision penetration of a barrier wall, and a broad fluid projectile that functions substantially like a hammer, which can produce general disruption of structures behind the barrier wall. Embodiments of the FBD tool comprise a container capable of holding fluid,

Juan-Carlos Jakaboski; Chance G. Hughs; Steven N. Todd

2012-01-01

227

Handbook of Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This authoritative handbook reviews the breadth of current knowledge about developmental disabilities: neuroscientific and genetic foundations; the impact on health, learning, and behavior; and effective educational and clinical practices. Leading authorities analyze what works in intervening with diverse children and families, from infancy…

Odom, Samuel L., Ed.; Horner, Robert H., Ed.; Snell, Martha E., Ed.; Blacher, Jan, Ed.

2007-01-01

228

Non-Disabled Children's Ideas about Disability and Disabled People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses findings from an Economic and Social Research Council-funded study exploring non-disabled children's ideas about disability. This represents the first in-depth sociological investigation of children's ideas about disabled people as members of wider society. Data are presented from focus group discussions with…

Beckett, Angharad E.

2014-01-01

229

Children with disabilities in low-income countries  

PubMed Central

Disability is a major public health concern worldwide and the situation for children with disabilities is even more serious. The present article will focus on the issue of children with disabilities in low-income countries. Approximately one-third of the world’s disabled population is children and many of these disabling conditions are preventable. In Africa, one the foremost causes of disability is infectious and communicable disease; the incidence of these diseases have been greatly reduced or eliminated in higher income countries. Other causes include war, trauma, accidents, and congenital and noninfectious diseases. The recent HIV/AIDS epidemic has further contributed to the prevalence of disability because many people living with HIV develop different types of impairments and functional limitations. Community-based rehabilitation is one approach that has been used in many low-income countries and which often focuses on children and their families. The work of one organization providing community-based rehabilitation in Tanzania is highlighted. The experiences of the coauthors in their work in Tanzania provide some field examples. For those readers who would like to become involved in international health, opportunities for engagement are described, including short-and long-term volunteer service or research experiences. PMID:19668630

Cameron, Debra L; Nixon, Stephanie; Parnes, Penny; Pidsadny, Mia

2005-01-01

230

Mobility Models for Mobility Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The main goals of today’s wireless mobile telecommunication systems are to provide both, mobility and ubiquity to mobile terminals\\u000a (MTs) with a required quality of service. By ubiquity we understand the ability of a MT to be connected to the network anytime,\\u000a anywhere, regardless of the access channel’s characteristics. In this chapter we deal with mobility aspects. We provide some

Vicente Casares Giner; Vicent Pla; Pablo Escalle-García

2011-01-01

231

Genetic basis of cognitive disability  

PubMed Central

The importance of genetic influences on cognitive disability has been recognized for a long time, but molecular analysis has only recently begun to yield insights into the pathogenesis of this common and disabling condition. The availability of genome sequences has enabled the characterization of the chromosomal deletions and trisomies that result in cognitive disability, and mutations in rare single-gene conditions are being discovered. The molecular pathology of cognitive disability is turning out to be as heterogeneous as the condition itself, with unexpected complexities even in apparently simple gene-deletion syndromes. One remarkable finding from studies on X-linked mental retardation is that mutations in different small guanosine triphosphate (GTP)-binding proteins result in cognitive disability without other somatic features. Advances are also being made in cognitive disability with polygenic origins, such as dyslexia and autism. However, the genetic basis of mild intellectual disability has yet to be satisfactorily explained. PMID:22034445

Flint, Jonathan

2001-01-01

232

Using a Body-Fixed Sensor to Identify Subclinical Gait Difficulties in Older Adults with IADL Disability: Maximizing the Output of the Timed Up and Go  

PubMed Central

Objective The identification and documentation of subclinical gait impairments in older adults may facilitate the appropriate use of interventions for preventing or delaying mobility disability. We tested whether measures derived from a single body-fixed sensor worn during traditional Timed Up and Go (TUG) testing could identify subclinical gait impairments in community dwelling older adults without mobility disability. Methods We used data from 432 older adults without dementia (mean age 83.30±7.04 yrs, 76.62% female) participating in the Rush Memory and Aging Project. The traditional TUG was conducted while subjects wore a body-fixed sensor. We derived measures of overall TUG performance and different subtasks including transitions (sit-to-stand, stand-to-sit), walking, and turning. Multivariate analysis was used to compare persons with and without mobility disability and to compare individuals with and without Instrumental Activities of Daily Living disability (IADL-disability), all of whom did not have mobility disability. Results As expected, individuals with mobility disability performed worse on all TUG subtasks (p<0.03), compared to those who had no mobility disability. Individuals without mobility disability but with IADL disability had difficulties with turns, had lower yaw amplitude (p<0.004) during turns, were slower (p<0.001), and had less consistent gait (p<0.02). Conclusions A single body-worn sensor can be employed in the community-setting to complement conventional gait testing. It provides a wide range of quantitative gait measures that appear to help to identify subclinical gait impairments in older adults. PMID:23922665

Weiss, Aner; Mirelman, Anat; Buchman, Aron S.; Bennett, David A.; Hausdorff, Jeffrey M.

2013-01-01

233

Voluntary disenrollment from Medicare managed care: market factors and disabled beneficiaries.  

PubMed

Disenrollment rates from Medicare managed care plans have been reported to the public as an indicator of health plan quality. Previous studies have shown that voluntary disenrollment rates differ among vulnerable subgroups, and that these rates can reflect patient care experiences. We hypothesized that disabled beneficiaries may be affected differently than other beneficiaries by competitive market factors, due to higher expected expenditures and impaired mobility. Findings suggest that disabled beneficiaries are more likely to experience multiple problems with managed care. PMID:17290627

Mobley, Lee; McCormack, Lauren; Booske, Bridget; Wang, Jiantong; Brown, G Gordon; West, Nathan; Lynch, Judith; Squire, Claudia; Heller, Amy

2005-01-01

234

Voluntary Disenrollment from Medicare Managed Care: Market Factors and Disabled Beneficiaries  

PubMed Central

Disenrollment rates from Medicare managed care plans have been reported to the public as an indicator of health plan quality. Previous studies have shown that voluntary disenrollment rates differ among vulnerable subgroups, and that these rates can reflect patient care experiences. We hypothesized that disabled beneficiaries may be affected differently than other beneficiaries by competitive market factors, due to higher expected expenditures and impaired mobility. Findings suggest that disabled beneficiaries are more likely to experience multiple problems with managed care. PMID:17290627

Mobley, Lee; McCormack, Lauren; Booske, Bridget; Wang, Jiantong; Brown, G. Gordon; West, Nathan; Lynch, Judith; Squire, Claudia; Heller, Amy

2005-01-01

235

Specific Reading Comprehension Disability: Major Problem, Myth, or Misnomer?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of the present study was to test three competing hypotheses about the nature of comprehension problems of students who are poor in reading comprehension. Participants in the study were first, second, and third graders, totaling nine cohorts and over 425,000 participants in all. The pattern of results was consistent across all cohorts:…

Spencer, Mercedes; Quinn, Jamie M.; Wagner, Richard K.

2014-01-01

236

Postoperative Adverse Outcomes in Intellectually Disabled Surgical Patients: A Nationwide Population-Based Study  

PubMed Central

Background Intellectually disabled patients have various comorbidities, but their risks of adverse surgical outcomes have not been examined. This study assesses pre-existing comorbidities, adjusted risks of postoperative major morbidities and mortality in intellectually disabled surgical patients. Methods A nationwide population-based study was conducted in patients who underwent inpatient major surgery in Taiwan between 2004 and 2007. Four controls for each patient were randomly selected from the National Health Insurance Research Database. Preoperative major comorbidities, postoperative major complications and 30-day in-hospital mortality were compared between patients with and without intellectual disability. Use of medical services also was analyzed. Adjusted odds ratios using multivariate logistic regression analyses with 95% confidence intervals were applied to verify intellectual disability's impact. Results Controls were compared with 3983 surgical patients with intellectual disability. Risks for postoperative major complications were increased in patients with intellectual disability, including acute renal failure (odds ratio 3.81, 95% confidence interval 2.28 to 6.37), pneumonia (odds ratio 2.01, 1.61 to 2.49), postoperative bleeding (odds ratio 1.35, 1.09 to 1.68) and septicemia (odds ratio 2.43, 1.85 to 3.21) without significant differences in overall mortality. Disability severity was positively correlated with postoperative septicemia risk. Medical service use was also significantly higher in surgical patients with intellectual disability. Conclusion Intellectual disability significantly increases the risk of overall major complications after major surgery. Our findings show a need for integrated and revised protocols for postoperative management to improve care for intellectually disabled surgical patients. PMID:22046425

Lin, Jui-An; Liao, Chien-Chang; Chang, Chuen-Chau; Chang, Hang; Chen, Ta-Liang

2011-01-01

237

Robotic smart house to assist people with movement disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces a new robotic smart house, Intelligent Sweet Home, developed at KAIST in Korea, which is based on several robotic agents and aims at testing advanced concepts for independent\\u000a living of the elderly and people with disabilities. The work focuses on technical solutions for human-friendly assistance\\u000a in motion\\/mobility and advanced human-machine interfaces that provide simple control of all

Kwang-hyun Park; Zeungnam Bien; Ju-jang Lee; Byung Kook Kim; Jong-tae Lim; Jin-oh Kim; Heyoung Lee; Dimitar H. Stefanov; Dae-jin Kim; Jin-woo Jung; Jun-hyeong Do; Kap-ho Seo; Chong Hui Kim; Won-gyu Song; Woo-jun Lee

2007-01-01

238

Modeling and position control of mobile robot  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a new approach for stable tracking of non-holonomic wheeled mobile robot using PID controller. The major objective of the paper is to propose a control rule to find out reasonable target linear and rotational velocities of the mobile robot. The method requires the information about the position (Cartesian space and orientation) of the mobile robot which can

P. K. Padhy; Takeshi Sasaki; Sousuke Nakamura; Hideki Hashimoto

2010-01-01

239

Shifting Patterns of Student Mobility in Asia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the past decade, Asia--traditionally one of the largest exporters of mobile students--has experienced major changes in student mobility within higher education. As the worldwide competition for international students has escalated, many Asian countries have adopted a wide range of mechanisms and strategies in facilitating student mobility.…

Chan, Sheng-Ju

2012-01-01

240

Mobile robot simulation based on Webots  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile robot navigation in an unknown environment has been studied. First, the current situation and the development of mobile robot development are given; Secondly, the major VHF and artificial potential field method are introduced; finally, the simulation of mobile robot is achieved on simulation software Webots combining grid method. And the results can be applied to practical applications.

Xing-long Zhang; Xu-dong Weng; Zhe Yang

2011-01-01

241

The Framingham Disability Study: II. Physical disability among the aging.  

PubMed Central

The Framingham Disability Study (FDS), a recent component of the Heart Disease Epidemiological Study in Framingham, Massachusetts, was designed to investigate the nature and magnitude of disability among non-institutionalized elderly. From September 1976 through November 1978, 2,654 individuals aged 55 to 84 years from the original Framingham cohort were interviewed in person or by telephone (94 per cent of the potential participant pool). The findings support the well known relationship between physical disability and age. The magnitude of disability, however, is not as great as conventional wisdom might suggest. This paper presents the physical disability prevalence findings and compares these results to earlier epidemiological investigations of disability in the elderly. PMID:7294262

Jette, A M; Branch, L G

1981-01-01

242

Occupational asthma in a national disability survey  

SciTech Connect

The contribution of workplace exposures to the prevalence of asthma in adults has been minimized in the epidemiology of this illness. Analysis of the 1978 Social Security Disability Survey provides a population-based assessment as a novel approach utilizing self-attributed, occupationally related asthma as a measure of disease. Of 6063 respondents, 468 (7.7 percent) identified asthma as a personal medical condition; 72 (1.2 percent (15.4 percent of all those with asthma)) attributed it to workplace exposures. These subjects were older and included more men and cigarette smokers than groups of both asthmatic and nonasthmatic subjects. The relative risk for occupationally attributed asthma was elevated among industrial and agricultural workers as compared with white collar and service occupations. Analysis of disability benefit status did not indicate that this introduced major reporting bias in this survey. This study suggests that occupational factors may have a greater role in adult asthma than previously thought.

Blanc, P.

1987-10-01

243

Prostitution, disability and prohibition.  

PubMed

Criminalisation of prostitution, and minority rights for disabled persons, are important contemporary political issues. The article examines their intersection by analysing the conditions and arguments for making a legal exception for disabled persons to a general prohibition against purchasing sexual services. It explores the badness of prostitution, focusing on and discussing the argument that prostitution harms prostitutes, considers forms of regulation and the arguments for and against with emphasis on a liberty-based objection to prohibition, and finally presents and analyses three arguments for a legal exception, based on sexual rights, beneficence, and luck egalitarianism, respectively. It concludes that although the general case for and against criminalisation is complicated there is a good case for a legal exception. PMID:25079067

Thomsen, Frej Klem

2014-07-30

244

Processing of speech signals for physical and sensory disabilities.  

PubMed Central

Assistive technology involving voice communication is used primarily by people who are deaf, hard of hearing, or who have speech and/or language disabilities. It is also used to a lesser extent by people with visual or motor disabilities. A very wide range of devices has been developed for people with hearing loss. These devices can be categorized not only by the modality of stimulation [i.e., auditory, visual, tactile, or direct electrical stimulation of the auditory nerve (auditory-neural)] but also in terms of the degree of speech processing that is used. At least four such categories can be distinguished: assistive devices (a) that are not designed specifically for speech, (b) that take the average characteristics of speech into account, (c) that process articulatory or phonetic characteristics of speech, and (d) that embody some degree of automatic speech recognition. Assistive devices for people with speech and/or language disabilities typically involve some form of speech synthesis or symbol generation for severe forms of language disability. Speech synthesis is also used in text-to-speech systems for sightless persons. Other applications of assistive technology involving voice communication include voice control of wheelchairs and other devices for people with mobility disabilities. Images Fig. 4 PMID:7479816

Levitt, H

1995-01-01

245

Disability Research in Counseling Psychology Journals: A 20-Year Content Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We conducted an exploratory content analysis of disability research in 5 major counseling psychology journals between 1990 and 2010. The goal was to review the counseling psychology literature to better understand the prevalence of disability research, identify research methods most often conducted, and elucidate the types of concerns most…

Foley-Nicpon, Megan; Lee, Sharon

2012-01-01

246

Students with Disabilities in U.S. High Schools. Fact Sheet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nearly one third of the more than six million students with disabilities in U.S. public schools are of traditional high school age. Though research indicates that the majority of high school-age students with disabilities and their parents are satisfied with the services they receive, many still face barriers and challenges to receiving an…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2009

2009-01-01

247

The Prevalence and Determinants of Obesity in Adults with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Obesity is a major public health concern internationally and this study aimed to measure the prevalence of obesity in adults with intellectual disabilities in comparison with general population data, and examine the factors associated with obesity. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of all adults with intellectual disabilities,…

Melville, C. A.; Cooper, S. -A.; Morrison, J.; Allan, L.; Smiley, E.; Williamson, A.

2008-01-01

248

Disability and physical activity in late life—research models and approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prevention of disability in late life has become a major public health concern, a key area of ageing research, and also an important target for the development of effective interventions. The increase in life expectancy and the resulting growth of the elderly population are also thought to be driving up the number of elderly people with disabilities. Despite the message

E. Heikkinen

2006-01-01

249

Injuries, Falls and Accidents among Adults with Intellectual Disabilities. Prospective Cohort Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Injuries are among the leading causes of death and disability in the world and a major public health concern. Falls are a common cause. Young persons with intellectual disabilities (ID) have a higher rate and different pattern of injuries than the general population, but little is known regarding adults. Methods: The aim of this study…

Finlayson, J.; Morrison, J.; Jackson, A.; Mantry, D.; Cooper, S.-A.

2010-01-01

250

Campus to Career Mentor Project for Students with Disabilities. Project Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This project attempted to improve the career preparedness of college students with disabilities by providing them with career transition workshops and professional mentors. Major activities included: (1) recruitment and matching of 58 students with disabilities and 46 mentors, combined with mentor training; (2) workshops for staff and students…

Koehmstedt, Steve; Edman, Jeff; Contreras, Angel; Campisi, Catherine; Longmore, Paul; Kilbourne, Joan

251

Disabling Radiological Dispersal Terror  

SciTech Connect

Terror resulting from the use of a radiological dispersal device (RDD) relies upon an individual's lack of knowledge and understanding regarding its significance. Disabling this terror will depend upon realistic reviews of the current conservative radiation protection regulatory standards. It will also depend upon individuals being able to make their own informed decisions merging perceived risks with reality. Preparation in these areas will reduce the effectiveness of the RDD and may even reduce the possibility of its use.

Hart, M

2002-11-08

252

Population segments with disabilities  

E-print Network

(Park and Schwartz, 2000). In addition to the natural waning of physical and cognitive abilities, chronic disease-related Stough & Mayhorn: Disabilities 387 conditions (e.g. osteoarthritis, diabetes, hypertension, Alzheimers) also take their toll... with advancing age than others (Altman and Bernstein, 2008). For instance, seeing and hearing difficulty was more likely to be reported by those 65 or older (37.3%) than people aged 18-44 (26.9%). Cognitive difficulties including but not limited to Alzheimer’s...

Stough, Laura

253

Disability Does Not Discriminate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author talks about the "it can't happen to me" mentality, which makes humans think they are physically invincible and have been guilty of thinking so. The author learned the danger of the "it can't happen to me" syndrome when she was disabled in a car accident in February 1994. The accident happened when she was 21 years old,…

Alexander, Amy Elizabeth

2008-01-01

254

Understanding Learning Disabilities and Substance Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to assist people with learning disabilities to recognize their disabilities and the connection between learning disabilities and substance abuse. It begins by defining learning disabilities and providing a self-test checklist for common signs and symptoms of learning disabilities. Difficulties with organization, memory,…

Star, Nonnie; Shadoff, Sander

255

Attitudes of occupational therapy personnel toward persons with disabilities.  

PubMed

The study described in the following article investigated the attitudes of occupational therapy personnel toward persons with disabilities. The examination involved attitudes in general as measured by the Scale of Attitudes Toward Disabled Persons (SADP) (Antonak, 1981), specific attitudes toward infants with Down's syndrome, beliefs concerning the importance of favorable attitudes toward patients, and beliefs concerning the role of the American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA) in the development of ethical guidelines for the delivery of health care services. The results of a survey of 619 occupational therapy personnel indicate that they hold a very favorable attitude toward persons with disabilities, and that they believe that a negative attitude would adversely affect the therapeutic relationship. The majority agree that the expression of a favorable attitude should be a criterion in student selection. The majority also agree that AOTA should develop position papers on ethical issues and take a public position on issues pertinent to the rights of the disabled person. Occupational therapy personnel proved to be very homogeneous on the general attitudinal scale. However, the Down's syndrome scenario uncovered significant differences among the different categories of respondents in the variables for professional level, area of practice, years of practice, and geographic location. A majority of respondents agreed that is is unethical to withhold needed surgery from a child because of disability. However, they differed on the ethics of aborting a fetus with Down's syndrome (most thought it was unethical). PMID:2969193

Benham, P K

1988-05-01

256

Mobile Computing/Mobile Computing/Mobile Computing/Mobile Computing/ Mobile NetworksMobile NetworksMobile NetworksMobile Networks  

E-print Network

Mobile NetworksMobile Networks Mobile IP Prof. Chansu Yu 2 Contents IP for Wired Network Mobile IP Overview Basic Mobile IP Agent Discovery Registration Tunneling Route Optimization Current Topics #12;3 Simplified CDMA,... Mobile IP Mobile TCP 4 Simplified Reference Model... Location/context-sensitive services

Yu, Chansu

257

Social Security disability evaluation in axial pain: listed impairments and treating physician's role.  

PubMed

A review of Social Security Disability Income (SSDI), listed impairments (Section 1.05) for axial pain, the application process, appeals process, and the importance and impact of the treating physician's role in Social Security disability determination is discussed. The authors summarize the major types of disability programs and the present impairment rating systems, and present recent research in the complicated area of chronic pain and illness behavior that may alter the present system. They give recommendations that may aid the treating physician to prepare the patient's application for Social Security Disability Income. PMID:2135032

Goldman, S; O'Neill, P I

1990-12-01

258

Mobile-ip Aeronautical Network Simulation Study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA is interested in applying mobile Internet protocol (mobile-ip) technologies to its space and aeronautics programs. In particular, mobile-ip will play a major role in the Advanced Aeronautic Transportation Technology (AATT), the Weather Information Communication (WINCOMM), and the Small Aircraft Transportation System (SATS) aeronautics programs. This report presents the results of a simulation study of mobile-ip for an aeronautical network. The study was performed to determine the performance of the transmission control protocol (TCP) in a mobile-ip environment and to gain an understanding of how long delays, handoffs, and noisy channels affect mobile-ip performance.

Ivancic, William D.; Tran, Diepchi T.

2001-01-01

259

Rheumatoid arthritis: coping with disability.  

PubMed

This article explains the components of disability as related to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using an expansion of Nagi's Model of Disability (Jette, 2006) and the World Health Organization's (WHO) International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF). In addition, suggestions for ways in which nurses can offer patients choices in physical functional therapy and psychosocial aspects of coping with the chronicity of RA are discussed. Understanding how RA relates to the holistic management of the patient will allow nurses to modify and suggest additional measures to enhance the outcomes of patient-centered care. Many degrees of disability exist that affect the physical and psychosocial domains of RA. Nurses should identify the primary issues influencing disability and assemble supporting resources or a multidisciplinary team to manage a person's disabilities. As nurses develop and maintain relationships with patients, they are able to follow through with the care plan continuum and recognize when modifications are needed. PMID:20306616

Barker, Tara L; Puckett, Theresa L

2010-01-01

260

The Genetics of Major Depression  

PubMed Central

Major depression is the commonest psychiatric disorder and in the U.S. has the greatest impact of all biomedical diseases on disability. Here we review evidence of the genetic contribution to disease susceptibility and the current state of molecular approaches. Genome-wide association and linkage results provide constraints on the allele frequencies and effect sizes of susceptibility loci, which we use to interpret the voluminous candidate gene literature. We consider evidence for the genetic heterogeneity of the disorder and the likelihood that subtypes exist that represent more genetically homogenous conditions than have hitherto been analyzed. PMID:24507187

Flint, Jonathan; Kendler, Kenneth S.

2014-01-01

261

Establishing a disability-inclusive agenda for sustainable development in 2015 and beyond.  

PubMed

Disability was omitted from the Millennium Declaration and eight Millennium Development Goals. As a result, individuals with disabilities and their advocates, health-related agencies and major United Nations (UN) groups collaborated to explicate the rights and needs of persons with disabilities. A community empowerment approach was guided by the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, input from expert groups, public meetings held across the globe, questionnaires sent to civil society representatives, and rich online conversation. Persons with disabilities have the right to health, education, gainful employment, social protection, and participation in political and public life. Selected results from The World We Want consultation for the topic of 'Inequalities and a disability-inclusive agenda' illustrate the potential of reaching consensus among a broad array of constituents, informing decisions about policy and practice. PMID:24938514

Geiger, Brian F

2014-06-17

262

Cancer and the medicare disabled.  

E-print Network

??This dissertation examines relationships between cancer in working-age adults and enrollment in Medicare due disability. We examine whether cancer diagnosis and treatments affect enrollment in… (more)

Habermann, Elizabeth Anne

2008-01-01

263

Disability search tips and resources.  

PubMed

Demographic projections for people living in the United States indicate a growing need for information on disabilities. This article discusses a limited number of concepts in disability, along with relevant thesaurus terms and suggested search techniques in four databases: PubMed, CINAHL, REHABDATA, and the Center for International Rehabilitation Research Information and Exchange's (CIRRIE) Database of International Research. The article closes with annotations of potentially useful websites that focus on concerns of persons with disabilities, their caregivers, and researchers in disability. PMID:25611441

Schaefer, Nancy

2015-01-01

264

Syrtis Major  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

(Released 1 May 2002) The Science This image is from the region of Syrtis Major, which is dominated by a low-relief shield volcano. This area is believed to be an area of vigorous aeolian activity with strong winds in the east-west direction. The effects of these winds are observed as relatively bright streaks across the image, extending from topographic features such as craters. The brighter surface material probably indicates a smaller relative particle size in these areas, as finer particles have a higher albedo. The bright streaks seen off of craters are believed to have formed during dust storms. A raised crater rim can cause a reduction in the wind velocity directly behind it, which results in finer particles being preferentially deposited in this location. In the top half of the image, there is a large bright streak that crosses the entire image. There is no obvious topographic obstacle, therefore it is unclear whether it was formed in the same manner as described above. This image is located northwest of Nili Patera, a large caldera in Syrtis Major. Different flows from the caldera eruptions can be recognized as raised ridges, representing the edge of a flow lobe. The Story In the 17th century, Holland was in its Golden Age, a time of cultural greatness and immense political and economic influence in the world. In that time, lived a inquisitive person named Christian Huygens. As a boy, he loved to draw and to figure out problems in mathematics. As a man, he used these talents to make the first detailed drawings of the Martian surface - - only 50 years or so after Galileo first turned his telescope on Mars. Mars suddenly became something other than a small red dot in the sky. One of the drawings Huygens made was of a dark marking on the red planet's surface named Syrtis Major. Almost 350 years later, here we are with an orbiter that can show us this place in detail. Exploration lives! It's great we can study this area up close. In earlier periods of history, scientists were fascinated with Syrtis Major because this dark region varied so much through the seasons and years. Some people thought it might be a changing sea, and others thought it might be vegetation. Early spacecraft like Mariner and Viking revealed for the first time that the changes were caused by the wind blowing dust and sand across the surface. What we can see in this image is exactly that: evidence of a lot of wind action. Bright dust patches streak across this image, formed through wind interference from craters and other landforms. These wispy, bright streaks are spread on the surface by a vigorous, east-west wind that kicked up huge dust storms, scattering the fine particles of sand and dust in an almost etherial pattern. The bright streaks in the top part of the image might have formed in a slightly different way, because there is no landform standing in the wind's way. Beneath the bright surface dust are raised ridges that mark the edges of earlier lava flows from Nili Patera, a Martian 'caldera.' A caldera is a collapsed, bowl-shaped depression at the top of a volcano cone. Can you imagine how Christian Huygens would feel if he lived today and could see all of this knowledge unfold? Or how it would feel to be the first person to stand in this dark volcanic and cratered region, knowing how many discovers had paved the way to that moment? Yes, exploration lives!

2002-01-01

265

Disabled Parking & Access Plan Campus Disabled Persons (DP)  

E-print Network

· Develop and Maintain DP Parking Campus Map on Web and in Handouts · Define, Document and Prioritize AllDisabled Parking & Access Plan Campus Disabled Persons (DP) Parking and Access Plan For CSU Parking Spaces = 10,873 · Total DP Parking Spaces = 201 (1.8%) ­ Total Van Accessible Spaces = 37 (0

de Lijser, Peter

266

Being disabled: towards a critical social ontology for disability studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Disability Studies the question of ontology is establishing itself as a live issue. Whilst there are many arguments and tendencies emerging from this literature, this paper identifies and critically examines an approach to the ontological question in disability studies that is based on an appeal to frailty as a universal characteristic of humanity. The argument builds on the relatively

Bill Hughes

2007-01-01

267

HIV/AIDS, Disability, and Employment. Disability Statistics Report 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report on HIV/AIDS, disability, and employment analyzes data from the AIDS Cost and Services Utilization Survey of 1991-1992, a longitudinal study of 1,949 HIV-infected men and women. The report examines the diagnostic history of people living with HIV and its relation to function, disability, and labor force participation over time. Study…

Sebesta, Douglas S.; LaPlante, Mitchell P.

268

Ubiquitous apps: politics of openness in global mobile cultures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Smartphones are a central element of mobile ubiquity, with mobile applications (‘apps’) becoming especially important. This article discusses the concept of iPhone apps, and other apps, as cultural platforms. Apps are highly significant for emerging cultures of mobile ubiquity, yet these platforms are constituted and controlled by major transnational global mobile media corporations. The article looks at the characteristics, constraints

Gerard Goggin

2011-01-01

269

Managing Disability From Stroke  

PubMed Central

Strokes are the single greatest neurological cause of disability, yet many stroke patients do not ever reach a specialized stroke rehabilitation unit. For those remaining in the hospital to which they were first admitted, active medical involvement may decline dramatically once the diagnosis has been made. However, the family physician can play an active role in managing post-stroke patients, enhancing their functional recovery and achieving successful discharge back into the community. This article describes post-diagnosis management of stroke, discharge planning, and post-discharge follow-up. PMID:21267158

Clifford, John C.

1986-01-01

270

Disability: Equality/Inequality  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is used in a Sociology class for undergraduate students. This activity looks at disabilities and inequalities in the United States. This activity uses five customized data sets made from the 1990 U.S. Census. It guides students through data manipulation using WebCHIP software found at DataCounts!. To open WebCHIP with the dataset for the activity, please see instructions and links in the exercise documents under teaching materials. For more information on how to use WebCHIP, see the How To section on DataCounts!

Robert T. Hall

271

STEM Disability Transition Group A representative from Royal Holloway, University of London will act as Chair.  

E-print Network

greater numbers of young people with disabilities developing STEM skills and working in STEM industries. Where a vote has to be taken, decisions will be by simple majority of members present. Decisions

Royal Holloway, University of London

272

The Unsustainable Rise of the Disability Rolls in the United States: Causes, Consequences, and Policy Options  

E-print Network

Two ailments limit the effectiveness and threaten the long-term viability of the U.S. Social Security Disability Insurance program (SSDI). First, the program is ineffective in assisting the vast majority of workers with ...

Autor, David

2012-01-24

273

A natural-language interface to a mobile robot  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The present work on robot instructability is based on an ongoing effort to apply modern manipulation technology to serve the needs of the handicapped. The Stanford/VA Robotic Aid is a mobile manipulation system that is being developed to assist severely disabled persons (quadriplegics) in performing simple activities of everyday living in a homelike, unstructured environment. It consists of two major components: a nine degree-of-freedom manipulator and a stationary control console. In the work presented here, only the motions of the Robotic Aid's omnidirectional motion base have been considered, i.e., the six degrees of freedom of the arm and gripper have been ignored. The goal has been to develop some basic software tools for commanding the robot's motions in an enclosed room containing a few objects such as tables, chairs, and rugs. In the present work, the environmental model takes the form of a two-dimensional map with objects represented by polygons. Admittedly, such a highly simplified scheme bears little resemblance to the elaborate cognitive models of reality that are used in normal human discourse. In particular, the polygonal model is given a priori and does not contain any perceptual elements: there is no polygon sensor on board the mobile robot.

Michalowski, S.; Crangle, C.; Liang, L.

1987-01-01

274

National Disability Policy: A Progress Report, December 2004-December 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report's 13 chapters address disability statistics and research, major trends, statistics, civil rights, Education, health, and long-term services and supports, children and youth, employment and the workforce development system, welfare reform, housing, transportation, assistive technology and telecommunications, international affairs, and…

National Council on Disability, 2006

2006-01-01

275

The Patterns of Services Provided to Students with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports the results of a study of 1,300 special education students attending 81 elementary, middle, and high schools in Massachusetts that examined the patterns of variation in services delivered to students with disabilities in relation to student characteristics. Results of the study indicate that the majority of these students spent…

Chambers, Jay G.

276

Intravenous Sedation for Dental Patients with Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The poor quality of oral health care for people with intellectual disability (ID) has been recognized, and the strong fears about dental treatment suggested as a major reason for disturbances of visits to dentists by such patients. Intravenous sedation is a useful method for relieving the anxiety and fear of such patients about dental treatment,…

Miyawaki, T.; Kohjitani, A.; Maeda, S.; Egusa, M.; Mori, T.; Higuchi, H.; Kita, F.; Shimada, M.

2004-01-01

277

Sexual Health Care in Persons with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the past, preventive health concerning sexuality of people with intellectual disabilities was addressed through surgical sterilization as part of nationwide eugenic programs in many countries. For more than 30 years now, it has come progressively to light in the scientific literature that, besides major ethical and legal problems, these…

Servais, Laurent

2006-01-01

278

Narrating Disability, Narrating Religious Practice: Reconciliation and Fragile X Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the place of religion in the narratives of mothers of children with fragile X syndrome. In semistructured interviews, a majority of women combined narratives of religious practice with illness narratives, interpreting their children's disabilities within a religious framework. Informed by Arthur Frank's (1995) concept of…

Michie, Marsha; Skinner, Debra

2010-01-01

279

Reading and Learning-Disabled Children: Understanding the Problem  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors assess the evidence related to various instructional styles for teaching reading to children with learning disabilities. Results of the literature review indicate that whole language and direct instruction are the two major approaches to teaching reading. Whole language has proven successful for many students with…

Martin, Don; Martin, Magy; Carvalho, Kathleen

2008-01-01

280

Inmates with Developmental Disabilities in New York State Correctional Facilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report responds to a New York State Legislature request to provide a reliable estimate of the number of persons with developmental disabilities in the state prison system, while evaluating current practices for identifying such inmates and meeting their needs. Major findings included the following: (1) contrary to many estimates, the study…

New York State Commission on Quality of Care for the Mentally Disabled, Albany.

281

Education Abroad for Students with Disabilities: Expanding Access  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education abroad is a rapidly expanding opportunity for undergraduate students in the United States. Concurrent with this growth in total numbers is a growth in the diversity of participants. Students with different ethnic backgrounds, academic majors, age, socioeconomic status, and disabilities are increasingly seeking opportunities overseas. In…

Soneson, Heidi M.; Fisher, Shelly

2011-01-01

282

Perspectives on Health Care of Adults with Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A focus group study was conducted with individuals with developmental disabilities to understand their perspectives on their health status, health promotion behaviors, and health care services they receive. The majority of participants reported good to excellent health, and all had some form of medical insurance. However, participants reported…

Parish, Susan L.; Moss, Kathryn; Richman, Erica L.

2008-01-01

283

Physical Disabilities: Education and Related Services, Fall 2002-Spring 2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two issues of this journal on education and related services for students with physical disabilities contain the following major articles or reviews: "Environmental Effects on Education" (Harold F. Perla); "Using Touch Math for Students with Physical Impairments To Teach and Enhance Beginning Math Skills" (Adrienne L. Duris); "Traumatic Brain…

Kulik, Barbara J., Ed.

2003-01-01

284

Cognitive Development and Adolescent Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author offers clinical examples of ways in which the attainment of formal operations in adolescents both exacerbates chronic disabilities and contributes to the etiology of new disabilities (such as in teenage obesity, anorexia nervosa, and depression). He suggests treatment guidelines. (CL)

Elkind, David

1985-01-01

285

Children with an Intellectual Disability  

MedlinePLUS

... is a new term used in place of "mental retardation." Some think that an intellectual disability is diagnosed only on the basis of below-normal intelligence (IQ), and that persons with intellectual disabilities are unable to learn or to care for ...

286

Parking for Fans with Disabilities  

E-print Network

Parking for Fans with Disabilities UVA D3 Lot at Massie and Arlington Welcome to the dedicated parking area for fans with disabilities at Massie and Arlington, also known as the UVA D3 lot! This FREE parking area is provided for fans attending UVA football games. It is adjacent to UVA's Law School and J

Acton, Scott

287

Performing Determinism: Disability Culture Poetry  

Microsoft Academic Search

“Performing Determinism” discusses the performance of disability through poetry: the instability of language, the ability of words to clasp both generic and specific meaning, and the gaps that surround the performances of self. Disability culture acts as a frame for the inquiry, as the essay discusses crip aesthetics, crip critical practice, and the embodiment of language. In the reading of

Petra Kuppers

2007-01-01

288

Collecting Disability Data from Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the development and national trial of a methodology for collecting disability data directly from parents, enabling schools and local authorities to meet their obligations under the "Disability Discrimination Act" (DDA; 2005) to promote equality of opportunity for all children. It illustrates the complexities around…

Porter, Jill; Daniels, Harry; Feiler, Anthony; Georgeson, Jan

2011-01-01

289

Providing quality of service in mobile environments with MIR (Mobile IP Reservation Protocol)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobility is one of the new services that have been introduced due to the development and popularity of the Internet. However, the current Internet lacks quality of service support. The major contribution of this study is the proposal of a new protocol (MIR: Mobile IP Reservation Protocol) which provides quality of service guarantees to a mobile terminal. This protocol is

G. Le Grand; J. Ben-Othman; E. Horlait

2000-01-01

290

AKA and Authorization Scheme For 4G Mobile Networks Based on Trusted Mobile Platform  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Future 4G mobile communication networks are expected to provide all IP-based services for heterogeneous wireless access technologies. Security service for mobile user as a major challenge in developing such 4G networks becomes more complicated to handle. Since the mobile equipment (ME) becomes ever more powerful but still remain open to possible attacks, the neglect of the security of ME

Yu Zheng; Dake He; Xiaohu Tang; Hongxia Wang

2005-01-01

291

Mobile IPMobile IP Mobile IPMobile IP  

E-print Network

Mobile IPMobile IP #12;2 Mobile IPMobile IP · How do we support mobile users whose point of attachment to the network changes dynamically? #12;3 Mobile IPMobile IP · The goal of Mobile IP is to allow connectivity automatically, despite the change. · While Mobile IP can work with wired connections, where you

Yeom, Ikjun

292

Disability evaluation of fibromyalgia.  

PubMed

These cases represent individuals who feel they have a severe impairment and are "disabled." They have been labeled with fibromyalgia. They are truly distressed. Their symptoms, their courses, are more chronic and refractory than those of medically ill patients, and they are high users of medical services, laboratory investigations, and surgical procedures. These patients see multiple providers simultaneously and frequently switch physicians. They are difficult to care for, and they reject psychosocial factors as an influence on their symptoms. Such persons "see themselves as victims worthy of a star appearance on the Oprah Winfrey show. A sense of bitterness emerges...." Shorter, a historian, believes that fibromyalgia is "heaven-sent to doctors as a diagnostic label for pain patients who display an important neurotic component in their illness. Our culture increasingly encourages patients to conceive vague and nonspecific symptoms as evidence of real disease and to seek specialist help for them; and the rising ascendancy of the media and the breakdown of the family encourage patients to acquire the fixed belief that they have a given illness...." Regarding the finding of "disability," this is a social construct, and many authors believe it is society and the judicial system who must decide who can work. To remain objective, the physician should report the objective clinical information. Physicians need not and should not sit in judgment of the veracity of another human being. PMID:11478200

Wolfe, C V

2001-08-01

293

Continuous Monitoring of Turning in Patients with Movement Disability  

PubMed Central

Difficulty with turning is a major contributor to mobility disability and falls in people with movement disorders, such as Parkinson's disease (PD). Turning often results in freezing and/or falling in patients with PD. However, asking a patient to execute a turn in the clinic often does not reveal their impairments. Continuous monitoring of turning with wearable sensors during spontaneous daily activities may help clinicians and patients determine who is at risk of falls and could benefit from preventative interventions. In this study, we show that continuous monitoring of natural turning with wearable sensors during daily activities inside and outside the home is feasible for people with PD and elderly people. We developed an algorithm to detect and characterize turns during gait, using wearable inertial sensors. First, we validate the turning algorithm in the laboratory against a Motion Analysis system and against a video analysis of 21 PD patients and 19 control (CT) subjects wearing an inertial sensor on the pelvis. Compared to Motion Analysis and video, the algorithm maintained a sensitivity of 0.90 and 0.76 and a specificity of 0.75 and 0.65, respectively. Second, we apply the turning algorithm to data collected in the home from 12 PD and 18 CT subjects. The algorithm successfully detects turn characteristics, and the results show that, compared to controls, PD subjects tend to take shorter turns with smaller turn angles and more steps. Furthermore, PD subjects show more variability in all turn metrics throughout the day and the week. PMID:24379043

El-Gohary, Mahmoud; Pearson, Sean; McNames, James; Mancini, Martina; Horak, Fay; Mellone, Sabato; Chiari, Lorenzo

2014-01-01

294

Disability Mediates the Impact of Common Conditions on Perceived Health  

PubMed Central

Background We examined the extent to which disability mediates the observed associations of common mental and physical conditions with perceived health. Methods and Findings WHO World Mental Health (WMH) Surveys carried out in 22 countries worldwide (n?=?51,344 respondents, 72.0% response rate). We assessed nine common mental conditions with the WHO Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI), and ten chronic physical with a checklist. A visual analog scale (VAS) score (0, worst to 100, best) measured perceived health in the previous 30 days. Disability was assessed using a modified WHO Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS), including: cognition, mobility, self-care, getting along, role functioning (life activities), family burden, stigma, and discrimination. Path analysis was used to estimate total effects of conditions on perceived health VAS and their separate direct and indirect (through the WHODAS dimensions) effects. Twelve-month prevalence was 14.4% for any mental and 51.4% for any physical condition. 31.7% of respondents reported difficulties in role functioning, 11.4% in mobility, 8.3% in stigma, 8.1% in family burden and 6.9% in cognition. Other difficulties were much less common. Mean VAS score was 81.0 (SD?=?0.1). Decrements in VAS scores were highest for neurological conditions (9.8), depression (8.2) and bipolar disorder (8.1). Across conditions, 36.8% (IQR: 31.2–51.5%) of the total decrement in perceived health associated with the condition were mediated by WHODAS disabilities (significant for 17 of 19 conditions). Role functioning was the dominant mediator for both mental and physical conditions. Stigma and family burden were also important mediators for mental conditions, and mobility for physical conditions. Conclusions More than a third of the decrement in perceived health associated with common conditions is mediated by disability. Although the decrement is similar for physical and mental conditions, the pattern of mediation is different. Research is needed on the benefits for perceived health of targeted interventions aimed at particular disability dimensions. PMID:23762442

Alonso, Jordi; Vilagut, Gemma; Adroher, Núria D.; Chatterji, Somnath; He, Yanling; Andrade, Laura Helena; Bromet, Evelyn; Bruffaerts, Ronny; Fayyad, John; Florescu, Silvia; de Girolamo, Giovanni; Gureje, Oye; Haro, Josep Maria; Hinkov, Hristo; Hu, Chiyi; Iwata, Noboru; Lee, Sing; Levinson, Daphna; Lépine, Jean Pierre; Matschinger, Herbert; Medina-Mora, Maria Elena; O'Neill, Siobhan; Hormel, J.; Posada-Villa, Jose A.; Ismet Taib, Nezar; Xavier, Miguel; Kessler, Ronald C.

2013-01-01

295

Mobile cinema  

E-print Network

This thesis develops techniques and methods that extend the art and craft of storytelling, and in particular enable the creation of mobile cinema. Stories are always constrained by the medium in which they are told and the ...

Pan, Pengkai, 1972-

2004-01-01

296

Transforming Disability Policy for Youth and Young Adults with Disabilities. Disability Policy Research Brief. Number 09-01  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transition to adulthood can be difficult for youth, particularly those who have disabilities severe enough that they receive Supplemental Security Income (SSI), Social Security Disability Insurance (DI), or other disability program benefits. Besides the issues facing all transition-age youth, young people with disabilities face a host of…

O'Day, Bonnie; Stapleton, David

2009-01-01

297

Mobility Patterns  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a data model for tracking mobile objects and reporting the result of queries. The model relies on a discrete view of the spatio-temporal space, where the 2D space and the time axis are respectively partitioned in a finite set of user-defined areas and in constant-size intervals. We define a generic query language to retrieve objects that match mobility

Cédric Du Mouza; Philippe Rigaux

2005-01-01

298

Disability and incident coronary heart disease in older community-dwelling adults: the Three-City Study  

PubMed Central

Context Disability is a common condition in the elderly and has been associated with prevalent coronary heart disease (CHD) and with shorter longevity. However, whether disability predicts the occurrence of CHD has been less studied. Objective To prospectively assess the association between disability and incident fatal and non-fatal CHD among older adults free of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Design and Settings: The Three-City (3C) Study is a French multicentre prospective population-based cohort of 9294 elderly subjects (3469 men and 5645 women) aged 65 and over at baseline between 1999 to 2001 and followed-up during 6 years. Participants 7354 participants with no history of CVD and with available information on disability status. Disability was assessed at baseline with a three levels of a hierarchical scale : no disability, mild disability (mobility only), moderate or severe disability (mobility plus activities of daily living and/or instrumental activities of daily living). Main Outcome Measure Incident fatal and non-fatal coronary events (angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, revascularization procedures and CHD death). Results At baseline, the mean level of the risk factors increased gradually with the severity of disability. After a median follow-up of 5.2 years, 264 first coronary events including 55 fatal events occurred. Participants with moderate or severe disability had a 1.8-fold (95%CI: 1.1–2.9) increased risk of overall CHD compared to non-disabled subjects in multivariate analysis, while those with mild disability were not at increased CHD risk. The association was found for fatal CHD only, for which the risk increased gradually with the severity of disability (mild disability: HR = 1.8, 95%CI: 0.9–3.8; moderate/severe disability: HR = 4.5, 95%CI: 1.8–11.3; p for trend = 0.002). Conclusion These data suggest that the association of disability with incident CHD is mostly due to an association with fatal CHD in community-dwelling elderly subjects. PMID:20345869

Plichart, Matthieu; Barberger-Gateau, Pascale; Tzourio, Christophe; Amouyel, Philippe; Pérès, Karine; Ritchie, Karen; Jouven, Xavier; Ducimetière, Pierre; Empana, Jean-Philippe

2010-01-01

299

(Instrumental) Activities of Daily Living in Older Adults with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Daily living skills are important to ageing adults with intellectual disabilities (ID). The purpose of this study was to investigate the level of these skills in older adults with ID and to investigate the influence of gender, age, level of ID and mobility on these skills. Daily living skills were measured with the Barthel Index (for Activities of…

Hilgenkamp, Thessa I. M.; van Wijck, Ruud; Evenhuis, Heleen M.

2011-01-01

300

Contextual cognitive-behavioral therapy for severely disabled chronic pain sufferers: Effectiveness and clinically significant change  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interdisciplinary pain management programs have an established record of significantly improving the functioning of persons disabled with chronic pain. There is a group of pain sufferers, however, who have difficulty accessing these programs and for whom the effectiveness of these treatments in unknown, these are patients whose mobility and self-care deficits leave them unable to meet the practical demands of

Lance M. McCracken; Fiona MacKichan; Christopher Eccleston

2007-01-01

301

End of Life and Women Aging with a Disability  

PubMed Central

Abstract Approximately 21 million noninstitutionalized Americans with physical disabilities will ultimately face end-of-life [EOL] issues. Studies have documented disparate care and poorer outcomes for persons with preexisting disabilities who have life-limiting illnesses, which raises the question of how EOL experiences may differ for these individuals. The aim of this qualitative, descriptive study was to explore how EOL issues might emerge within the life stories of women aging with functional disabilities. Interview data were obtained from a larger, ongoing ethnographic study focused on the creation of an explanatory model of health disparities of disablement in women with mobility impairment. Each participant was interviewed three to four times using a life-course perspective that captures life trajectories and transitions experienced over time. For this analysis, 41 interviews were selected from 20 participants who discussed issues related to death and dying. Content analysis of the data revealed five analytic categories: death as a signpost, impact of others' deaths, deaths that affected personal insights and choice, EOL possibilities, and a personal brush with death. EOL issues were manifested in a variety of ways that revealed both determination to remain as independent as possible within the context of declining functional ability and uncertainty regarding the future. PMID:22536990

Zolnierek, Cynthia; Harrison, Tracie; Walker, Janiece

2012-01-01

302

Disparities in the use of preventive health care among children with disabilities in Taiwan.  

PubMed

Children with disabilities face more barriers accessing preventive health services. Prior research has documented disparities in the receipt of these services. However, most are limited to specific types of disability or care. This study investigates disparities in the use of preventive health care among children with disabilities in Taiwan. Three nationwide databases from the Ministry of the Interior, Bureau of Health Promotion, and National Health Research Institutes were linked to gather related information between 2006 and 2008. A total of 8572 children with disabilities aged 1-7 years were included in this study. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was conducted to adjust for covariates. Nationally, only 37.58% of children with disabilities received preventive health care in 2008. Children with severe and very severe disabilities were less likely to use preventive care than those with mild severity. Children with disabilities from the lowest income family were less likely to have preventive care than other income groups. Urbanization was strongly associated with the receipt of preventive health care. However, surprisingly, urban children with disabilities were less likely to receive preventive care than all others. Under universal health insurance coverage, the overall usage of preventive health care is still low among children with disabilities. The study also identified several disparities in their usage. Potential factors affecting the lack of use deserve additional research. Policymakers should target low socioeconomic brackets and foster education about the importance of preventive care. Mobile health services should be continually provided in those areas in need. Capitation reimbursement and other incentives should be considered in improving the utilization among children with disabilities. PMID:22119677

Tsai, Wen-Chen; Kung, Pei-Tseng; Wang, Jong-Yi

2012-01-01

303

College Students with Disabilities' Motivation to Utilize Disability Support Services: A Qualitative Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study investigated the motivation of college students with disabilities to disclose their disability(s) to the university and to utilize disability support services. Eleven college students with a diversity of invisible disabilities from a large university were interviewed using a narrative approach. Analysis involved a combination of…

Meyer, Rachel Heather

2012-01-01

304

2009 Disability Status Report: United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Annual Disability Status Reports provide policy makers, disability advocates, reporters, and the public with a summary of the most recent demographic and economic statistics on the non-institutionalized population with disabilities. They contain information on the population size and disability prevalence for various demographic…

Erickson, W. Lee C.; von Schrader, S.

2011-01-01

305

2008 Disability Status Report: The United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Annual Disability Status Reports provide policy makers, disability advocates, reporters, and the public with a summary of the most recent demographic and economic statistics on the non-institutionalized population with disabilities. They contain information on the population size and disability prevalence for various demographic…

Erickson, W. Lee C.; von Schrader, S.

2010-01-01

306

Testing Students with Disabilities. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The assessment of students with disabilities has taken on considerable importance since the passing of the "Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)" of 1990. ADA requires that assessment of individuals with disabilities be performed with any reasonable accommodations being made. The considerations involved in assessing students with disabilities are…

Geisinger, Kurt F.; Carlson, Janet F.

307

Causal Relationships between Poverty and Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although research suggests why disability may cause poverty, it is not well understood why poverty may cause disability. This article presents the Poverty Disability Model, which includes four groups of factors that increase the risk that poverty will cause disability and chronic health problems. Rehabilitation interventions and counselor…

Lustig, Daniel C.; Strauser, David R.

2007-01-01

308

Assistive Technology for the Disabled Computer User.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assistive technology that can help disabled computer users is described, and a resource guide to computer help for the disabled is presented. The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 has broad implications for higher education, in that it mandates that colleges and universities give disabled students equal access to computers on public…

Wilson, Linda

309

Children's Perceptions of Peers with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's books with characters that have disabilities have been touted as an avenue to introduce children to their peers with disabilities. Children's literature specialists have suggested that the use of these books may result in a more positive attitude on the part of children without disabilities toward their peers with disabilities. Working…

Smith-D'Arezzo, Wendy M.; Moore-Thomas, Cheryl

2010-01-01

310

Meta-Analysis of Disability Simulation Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

A commonly attempted approach to modifying attitudes regarding people with disabilities is to place people without disabilities in situations that are designed for them to experience what it is like to have a disability. This approach, called disability simulation, continues despite criticisms including a reported lack of effectiveness data and the potential for nega- tive experiences among participants. The current

ASHLEY FLOWER; MATTHEW K. BURNS; N. A. Bottsford-Miller

2007-01-01

311

Voices of Disability on the Radio  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: While much commentary exists in relation to the portrayal of disabled people in the media, very little research examines the talk itself in any detail. This paper examines the how people with communication disabilities and disabled people are dealt with in the talk of a radio programme about disability. Aims: To show how the voices of…

O'Malley, Mary Pat

2008-01-01

312

Students with Disabilities: Financial Aid Policy Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes some of the special financial aid needs of students with disabilities and the policy implications of those needs. It focuses on the financial burdens of having a disability, the time demands faced by those with disabilities, the multiple and complex sources from which students with disabilities derive support, and the…

Wolanin, Thomas R.

2005-01-01

313

Fluid blade disablement tool  

DOEpatents

A fluid blade disablement (FBD) tool that forms both a focused fluid projectile that resembles a blade, which can provide precision penetration of a barrier wall, and a broad fluid projectile that functions substantially like a hammer, which can produce general disruption of structures behind the barrier wall. Embodiments of the FBD tool comprise a container capable of holding fluid, an explosive assembly which is positioned within the container and which comprises an explosive holder and explosive, and a means for detonating. The container has a concavity on the side adjacent to the exposed surface of the explosive. The position of the concavity relative to the explosive and its construction of materials with thicknesses that facilitate inversion and/or rupture of the concavity wall enable the formation of a sharp and coherent blade of fluid advancing ahead of the detonation gases.

Jakaboski, Juan-Carlos (Albuquerque, NM); Hughs, Chance G. (Albuquerque, NM); Todd, Steven N. (Rio Rancho, NM)

2012-01-10

314

The Positive Effects of Early Powered Mobility on Children's Psychosocial and Play Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Powered mobility can have an important cognitive and psychosocial impact on young children who are unable to move independently. Twenty-three children with physical disabilities between the ages of 18 months and 6 years participated in this study. Data evaluating social skills, frequency of mobility play activities, frequency of interaction with…

Guerette, Paula; Furumasu, Jan; Tefft, Donita

2013-01-01

315

FEASABILITY OF A MOBILE ROBOT WITH ALTERNATIVE CONTROL SYSTEM FOR A CHILD WITH CEREBRAL PALSY  

E-print Network

1 FEASABILITY OF A MOBILE ROBOT WITH ALTERNATIVE CONTROL SYSTEM FOR A CHILD WITH CEREBRAL PALSY]. In the case of cerebral palsy, the most common cause of motor disability in children, the estimation ranges with cerebral palsy, with spastic and athetoid features. The child's gross motor mobility is limited to rolling

Stansfield, Sharon

316

Enhanced bimanual manipulation assistance with the Personal Mobility and Manipulation Appliance (PerMMA)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we investigate the enhanced ability of manipulation with the newly developed Personal Mobility and Manipulation Appliance (PerMMA). PerMMA is a new assistive device that integrates bimanual manipulation with smart mobility to assist people with severe physical disabilities and enhance their quality of lives. Different from the fixed mounting method used in most existing systems, a novel mounting

Jijie Xu; Garrett G. Grindle; Ben Salatin; Juan J. Vazquez; Hongwu Wang; Dan Ding; R. A. Cooper

2010-01-01

317

75 FR 62676 - Disability Determinations by State Agency Disability Examiners  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance Program No 96.001, Social Security--Disability Insurance; 96.002, Social Security--Retirement Insurance; 96.004, Social Security--Survivors Insurance; 96.006, Supplemental...

2010-10-13

318

Application of mobile-IP to space and aeronautical networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

NASA is interested in applying Mobile Internet Protocol (mobile-IP) technologies to its space and aeronautics programs. In particular, mobile-IP will play a major role in the Advanced Aeronautic Transportation Technology (AATT), the Weather Information Communication (WINCOMM) and the Small Aircraft Transportation System; (SATS) aeronautics programs. This paper describes mobile-IP and mobile-routers-in particular, the features, capabilities, and initial performance of the

Kent Leung; Dan Shell; William D. Ivancic; David H. Stewart; Terry L. Bell; B. A. Kachmar

2001-01-01

319

New Technology Gives More Mobility to Seniors and the Disabled  

E-print Network

relations man- ager of Microsoft Research Asia. A wheelchair with brain, eyes and ears On May 15, 2010. The intelligent robotic wheelchair, developed on a Windows Embedded system, is a joint effort by Shanghai Jiao, look and hear. The computer's control sys- tem is its `brain,' a camera and laser detector are its

Narasayya, Vivek

320

Disance (enhance the disabled) brain mapped mobility for physically challenged  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes an intelligent robotic wheelchair with user-friendly human-computer interface (HCI) based on EEG signal, face directional gesture, and voice. Electroencephalography (EEG) is the recording of electrical activity along the scalp produced by the firing of neurons within the brain. The user has to just think the direction in which the wheel chair has to move. Additionally at unavoidable

C. S. Ashwin; K. R. Rangarajan; S. Ramachandran

2010-01-01

321

Mobile Learning and Mobility in Teacher Training  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the mobile learning project, where a mobile device is used for educational activities. The article defines the word mobility from the educational point of view. The main perspective in this article is in teacher training. We present experiences of how mobile technology was used in teacher training, how trainees and supervising teachers felt the use of mobile

Pauliina Seppälä; Harri Alamäki

2002-01-01

322

Office of Disability Employment Policy  

MedlinePLUS

... Work Self-Employment & Entrepreneurship Tax Incentives for Employers Transportation Universal Design Veterans WIOA Advisory Committee Women The ... education, emergency preparedness, employment, health, housing, technology and ... for people with disabilities, their families, Veterans, educators, ...

323

Language-Based Learning Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... or symptoms of a language-based learning disability? Dyslexia has been used to refer to the specific ... problems have spoken language problems. The child with dyslexia has trouble almost exclusively with the written (or ...

324

Learning Disabilities Association of America  

MedlinePLUS

... accommodations for all students with learning disabilities on high school equivalency exams (GED®, Hi-Set®, or TASC™). Take ... Basics Assessment & Evaluation Early Intervention Pre-K thru High School Special Education Services Beyond the Classroom Mental Health ...

325

Mothers' Perceptions of Their Children's Use of Powered Mobility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Physical therapists and occupational therapists frequently assist parents with the exploration and use of powered wheelchairs for their children with physical disabilities. The purpose of this study was to explore parents' experiences and perceptions of their children's experiences with the receipt and use of powered mobility. Qualitative methods…

Wiart, Lesley; Darrah, Johanna; Hollis, Vivien; Cook, Al; May, Laura

2004-01-01

326

Working Together: Computers and People with Mobility Impairments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief paper describes several computing tools that have been effectively used by individuals with mobility impairments. Emphasis is on tasks to be completed and how the individuals abilities (not disabilities), with possible assistance from technology, can be used to accomplish them. Preliminary information addresses the importance of…

Washington Univ., Seattle.

327

Overcoming Challenges: "Going Mobile with Your Own Video Models"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Video modeling has been shown to be an effective intervention for students with a variety of disabilities. Traditional video models present problems in terms of application across meaningful settings, such as in the community or even across the school environment. However, with advances in mobile technology, portable devices with video capability…

Carnahan, Christina R.; Basham, James D.; Christman, Jennifer; Hollingshead, Aleksandra

2012-01-01

328

77 FR 8234 - National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research-Disability and Rehabilitation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Research Project--Center on Knowledge Translation for Disability and Rehabilitation Research...a priority for a center on knowledge translation for disability and rehabilitation research...disabilities--in their knowledge translation work. Given the wide range of...

2012-02-14

329

Activity and Participation Characteristics of Adults with Learning Disabilities - A Systematic Review  

PubMed Central

Background ‘Learning disabilities’ (LD) refer to a wide group of neurological disorders caused by deficits in the central nervous system which influence the individual's ability to maintain-, process or convey information to others in an efficient way. A worldwide discussion about the definitions of LD continues while a conceptual framework for studying the diverse life outcomes of adults with LD is still missing. Objective The aim was to review the literature on the activity and participation of adults with LD based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) concepts. Methods “PsychInfo”, “Eric” and “PubMed” were searched for relevant literature according to the guidelines of Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). After a three-stage process, 62 articles relevant for domains of activity and participation of adults with LD were included in the review. Results Thirty-two articles focused on the domain of major life areas of education, work and employment and twelve articles focused on the domain of learning and applying knowledge. Limitations in activity and participation of the population with LD in these domains are recognized and discussed. Eighteen additional articles demonstrated that adults with LD confront difficulties in various life domains (e.g., communication, interpersonal interactions, mobility, and domestic life), however literature concerning these domains is scarce. Conclusions The ICF can be useful for further exploration of activity and participation characteristics of adults with LD in various life domains. Such exploration is required in order to gain a wider perspective of their functional characteristics and daily needs. PMID:25184315

Sharfi, Kineret; Rosenblum, Sara

2014-01-01

330

Ability - Not Disability: Organizing Housework.  

E-print Network

~TA245 . 7 3873 JO.1 -------Th-eT -exas-A&M~ ----:8-1259 University System ~ Texas Agricu ~tura I Extension Service Daniel C Plannstiel . DIrector College Station ABILITY NOT DISABILITY Organizing Housework [Blank Page in Original... Bulletin] ~. '!". ABILITY - NOT DISABILITY: ORGANIZING HOUSEWORK Linda J. McCormack? Before organizing housework, think about Rudyard Kipling's poem, "I Keep Six Honest Service Men." "I keep six honest serving men (they taught me all I know...

McCormack, Linda J.

1981-01-01

331

Differential attitudes of Chinese students toward people with disabilities: a cross-cultural perspective.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to examine the attitudes of 338 Chinese secondary school students toward three major disability groups (people who are physically disabled, emotionally disturbed, and mentally retarded) using an adaptation of the American Scale of Attitudes toward Disabled Persons (SADP). We found that physically disabled persons were rated higher across the three subscales of the SADP compared to either emotionally disturbed and mentally retarded individuals, who were rated similarly low by the students. The lack of differentiation between the two mental handicapping conditions is at variance with contemporary western findings. The overall negative attitudes toward people with mental disabilities may have significant implications for community rehabilitation programming for this population. PMID:2976747

Chan, F; Hedl, J J; Parker, H J; Lam, C S; Chan, T N; Yu, B

1988-01-01

332

Inequality in Disability in Bangladesh  

PubMed Central

Objective To investigate inequality in disability in Bangladesh. Methods The study used both household level and individual level data from a large nationally representative data set, Bangladesh’s Household Income and Expenditure Survey - 2010. Principal component analysis was used to construct a wealth index based on household assets from household level data. Then, using data from 49,809 individuals aged 5 years and over, chi-square tests and logistic regression were performed to test the association between wealth level and disability. Findings Women and older people are significantly more likely to report having disabilities than men and younger people. For middle and rich families, respectively, there is a 14 percent lower likelihood of reporting disabilities than for poor families. Changes in the probability of having disabilities are linear with increasing wealth. In addition, the study identifies some significant factors affecting disability, namely, age, sex, education, marital status, and place of residence including divisional differences. Conclusion In Bangladesh, worse health among the poor argues for policies prioritizing this group while at the same time giving special attention to women and the elderly. PMID:25075513

Tareque, Md. Ismail; Begum, Sharifa; Saito, Yasuhiko

2014-01-01

333

Social construction of Anangu disability.  

PubMed

The usual and common-sense definition of disability is based on a medical model that sees disability as a limitation or lack of competence on the part of the individual. This definition fails to acknowledge that in some cultures disability as a concept does not exist. This paper, based on research undertaken in 1994/1995, examines how the social construction of disability among the Anangu of the cross border region of Western Australia, South Australia and the Northern Territory, takes into consideration the important factors of history, culture and language. The theoretical underpinning of the research was symbolic interactionism, which led to collaborative ethnography becoming the methodology employed to collect and analyse the data. The findings of the research indicate that the social construction of disability among the Anangu occurs in three historical phases: the impairment, oppression and empowerment phases. The paper's purpose is to offer service providers to Aboriginal people with disabilities, information that will help them understand some of the attitudes, customs, mores and beliefs of their clientele. PMID:10732511

Ariotti, L

1999-11-01

334

Illiteracy among Adults with Disabilities in the Developing World: A Review of the Literature and a Call for Action  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the early 1990s, UNESCO estimated that perhaps 97% of the world's 650 million disabled persons were unable to read or write, leading to significant efforts throughout the developing world to ensure that all children with disabilities attended school through "inclusive education" programmes. But what of the vast majority of persons with…

Groce, Nora Ellen; Bakhshi, Parul

2011-01-01

335

The Impact of Siblings with Disabilities on Their Brothers and Sisters Pursuing a Career in Special Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is well known that growing up with a sibling who has a disability has both positive and negative impacts on the non-disabled sibling (Beckman, 2002; Fisman, Wolf, Ellison, & Freeman, 2000; Gans, 1997; McHugh, 2003). In fact, the concern for ameliorating the potential negative impacts on nondisabled siblings has been a major impetus for the…

Marks, Susan Unok; Matson, Amy; Barraza, Lori

2005-01-01

336

Swiss Children's Moral and Psychological Judgments about Inclusion and Exclusion of Children with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's judgments about inclusion and exclusion of children with disabilities were investigated in a Swiss sample of 6-, 9-, and 12-year-old children from inclusive and noninclusive classrooms (N = 422). Overall, the majority of children judged it as morally wrong to exclude children with disabilities. Yet, participants were less likely to…

Gasser, Luciano; Malti, Tina; Buholzer, Alois

2014-01-01

337

General Education Participation and Academic Performance of Students with Learning Disabilities. Facts from NLTS2. NCSER 2006-3001  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the second in a series of NLTS2 fact sheets focusing on the experiences and outcomes of youth in a specific disability category. Students with learning disabilities comprise almost two-thirds of those receiving special education services in secondary schools. The majority of these students spend at least part of their day in a general…

Newman, Lynn

2006-01-01

338

The SSDI Trust Fund: New Solutions to an Old Problem. Washington, DC: Center for Studying Disability Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI)—the main federal program providing cash assistance to workers with disabilities—is facing a major fiscal crisis. This brief discusses an approach to a long-term solution using a work support policy that could reduce entry into the program and improve the economic outlook for workers with disabilities.

David Stapleton; David Wittenburg

2011-01-01

339

Application of Mobile-ip to Space and Aeronautical Networks  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is interested in applying mobile Internet protocol (mobile-ip) technologies to its space and aeronautics programs. In particular, mobile-ip will play a major role in the Advanced Aeronautic Transportation Technology (AAT-F), the Weather Information Communication (WINCOMM), and the Small Aircraft Transportation System (SATS) aeronautics programs. This paper describes mobile-ip and mobile routers--in particular, the features, capabilities, and initial performance of the mobile router are presented. The application of mobile-router technology to NASA's space and aeronautics programs is also discussed.

Leung, Kent; Shell, Dan; Ivancic, William D.; Stewart, David H.; Bell, Terry L.; Kachmar, Brian A.

2001-01-01

340

Health disparities among adults with developmental disabilities, adults with other disabilities, and adults not reporting disability in North Carolina.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: The purposes of this study were (1) to identify disparities between adults with developmental disabilities and non-disabled adults in health and medical care, and (2) to compare this pattern of disparities to the pattern of disparities between adults with other disabilities and adults without disabilities. METHODS: The authors compared data on health status, health risk behaviors, chronic health conditions, and utilization of medical care across three groups of adults: No Disability, Disability, and Developmental Disability. Data sources were the 2001 North Carolina Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System and the North Carolina National Core Indicators survey. RESULTS: Adults with developmental disabilities were more likely to lead sedentary lifestyles and seven times as likely to report inadequate emotional support, compared with adults without disabilities. Adults with disabilities and developmental disabilities were significantly more likely to report being in fair or poor health than adults without disabilities. Similar rates of tobacco use and overweight/obesity were reported. Adults with developmental disabilities had a similar or greater risk of having four of five chronic health conditions compared with non-disabled adults. Significant medical care utilization disparities were found for breast and cervical cancer screening as well as for oral health care. Adults with developmental disabilities presented a unique risk for inadequate emotional support and low utilization of breast and cervical cancer screenings. CONCLUSIONS: Significant disparities in health and medical care utilization were found for adults with developmental disabilities relative to non-disabled adults. The National Core Indicators protocol offers a sound methodology to gather much-needed surveillance information on the health status, health risk behaviors, and medical care utilization of adults with developmental disabilities. Health promotion efforts must be specifically designed for this population. PMID:15219799

Havercamp, Susan M.; Scandlin, Donna; Roth, Marcia

2004-01-01

341

Obesity - the new childhood disability? : exploring physical functioning and disability in children with obesity.  

E-print Network

??Adult obesity is associated with disability and reduced physical functioning. However, investigations in children are limited and have not explored obesity-related disability using the International… (more)

Tsiros, Margarita

2011-01-01

342

Mobile EEG in epilepsy.  

PubMed

The sensitivity of routine EEG recordings for interictal epileptiform discharges in epilepsy is limited. In some patients, inpatient video-EEG may be performed to increase the likelihood of finding abnormalities. Although many agree that home EEG recordings may provide a cost-effective alternative to these recordings, their use is still not introduced everywhere. We surveyed Dutch neurologists and patients and evaluated a novel mobile EEG device (Mobita, TMSi). Key specifications were compared with three other current mobile EEG devices. We shortly discuss algorithms to assist in the review process. Thirty percent (33 out of 109) of Dutch neurologists reported that home EEG recordings are used in their hospital. The majority of neurologists think that mobile EEG can have additional value in investigation of unclear paroxysms, but not in the initial diagnosis after a first seizure. Poor electrode contacts and signal quality, limited recording time and absence of software for reliable and effective assistance in the interpretation of EEGs have been important constraints for usage, but in recent devices discussed here, many of these problems have been solved. The majority of our patients were satisfied with the home EEG procedure and did not think that our EEG device was uncomfortable to wear, but they did feel uneasy wearing it in public. PMID:24060755

Askamp, Jessica; van Putten, Michel J A M

2014-01-01

343

Ethnic Studies Undergraduate Major Major Advisors  

E-print Network

Ethnic Studies Undergraduate Major Major Advisors Dewey St. Germaine & Laura Jimenez-Olvera 530@berkeley.edu http://ethnicstudies.berkeley.edu/ The Group Major in Ethnic Studies The group major in ethnic studies. Students majoring in ethnic studies study the history, culture, politics, and sociology of Third World

Walker, Matthew P.

344

Network mobilizer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The aim of this paper is to identify how companies mobilize other companies in their surrounding network to work within the plans they develop. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A conceptual model is developed and its applicability is illustrated by a case study involving a manufacturer-retailer network within Europe. Findings – The study identifies five different challenges that managers need to

Stefanos Mouzas; Pete Naudé

2007-01-01

345

Atomic Mobile  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Learners make a mobile model of a carbon atom using clay, wire, and pipe cleaners. Learners will use the periodic table as a guide and explore how atoms are made up of a nucleus of protons and neutrons with orbiting electrons. The activity includes a PDF file of a periodic table and a guide for reading it.

History, American M.

2012-06-26

346

Disability in instrumental activities of daily living among older adults: gender differences  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE To analyze gender differences in the incidence and determinants of disability regarding instrumental activities of daily living among older adults. METHODS The data were extracted from the Saúde, Bem-Estar e Envelhecimento (SABE – Health, Wellbeing and Ageing) study. In 2000, 1,034 older adults without difficulty in regarding instrumental activities of daily living were selected. The following characteristics were evaluated at the baseline: sociodemographic and behavioral variables, health status, falls, fractures, hospitalizations, depressive symptoms, cognition, strength, mobility, balance and perception of vision and hearing. Instrumental activities of daily living such as shopping and managing own money and medication, using transportation and using the telephone were reassessed in 2006, with incident cases of disability considered as the outcome. RESULTS The incidence density of disability in instrumental activities of daily living was 44.7/1,000 person/years for women and 25.2/1,000 person/years for men. The incidence rate ratio between women and men was 1.77 (95%CI 1.75;1.80). After controlling for socioeconomic status and clinical conditions, the incidence rate ratio was 1.81 (95%CI 1.77;1.84), demonstrating that women with chronic disease and greater social vulnerability have a greater incidence density of disability in instrumental activities of daily living. The following were determinants of the incidence of disability: age ? 80 and worse perception of hearing in both genders; stroke in men; and being aged 70 to 79 in women. Better cognitive performance was a protective factor in both genders and better balance was a protective factor in women. CONCLUSIONS The higher incidence density of disability in older women remained even after controlling for adverse social and clinical conditions. In addition to age, poorer cognitive performance and conditions that adversely affect communication disable both genders. Acute events, such as a stroke, disables elderly men more, whereas early deficits regarding balance disable women more. PMID:25119933

Alexandre, Tiago da Silva; Corona, Ligiana Pires; Nunes, Daniella Pires; Santos, Jair Lício Ferreira; Duarte, Yeda Aparecida de Oliveira; Lebrão, Maria Lúcia

2014-01-01

347

Disability in instrumental activities of daily living among older adults: gender differences.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE To analyze gender differences in the incidence and determinants of disability regarding instrumental activities of daily living among older adults. METHODS The data were extracted from the Saúde, Bem-Estar e Envelhecimento (SABE - Health, Wellbeing and Ageing) study. In 2000, 1,034 older adults without difficulty in regarding instrumental activities of daily living were selected. The following characteristics were evaluated at the baseline: sociodemographic and behavioral variables, health status, falls, fractures, hospitalizations, depressive symptoms, cognition, strength, mobility, balance and perception of vision and hearing. Instrumental activities of daily living such as shopping and managing own money and medication, using transportation and using the telephone were reassessed in 2006, with incident cases of disability considered as the outcome. RESULTS The incidence density of disability in instrumental activities of daily living was 44.7/1,000 person/years for women and 25.2/1,000 person/years for men. The incidence rate ratio between women and men was 1.77 (95%CI 1.75;1.80). After controlling for socioeconomic status and clinical conditions, the incidence rate ratio was 1.81 (95%CI 1.77;1.84), demonstrating that women with chronic disease and greater social vulnerability have a greater incidence density of disability in instrumental activities of daily living. The following were determinants of the incidence of disability: age ? 80 and worse perception of hearing in both genders; stroke in men; and being aged 70 to 79 in women. Better cognitive performance was a protective factor in both genders and better balance was a protective factor in women. CONCLUSIONS The higher incidence density of disability in older women remained even after controlling for adverse social and clinical conditions. In addition to age, poorer cognitive performance and conditions that adversely affect communication disable both genders. Acute events, such as a stroke, disables elderly men more, whereas early deficits regarding balance disable women more. PMID:25119933

Alexandre, Tiago da Silva; Corona, Ligiana Pires; Nunes, Daniella Pires; Santos, Jair Lício Ferreira; Duarte, Yeda Aparecida de Oliveira; Lebrão, Maria Lúcia

2014-06-01

348

Disability research in counseling psychology journals: a 20-year content analysis.  

PubMed

We conducted an exploratory content analysis of disability research in 5 major counseling psychology journals between 1990 and 2010. The goal was to review the counseling psychology literature to better understand the prevalence of disability research, identify research methods most often conducted, and elucidate the types of concerns most studied. We searched 5 journals (Journal of Counseling & Development, Journal of Counseling Psychology, The Counseling Psychologist, Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, and Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology) using keywords derived from disability terms defined by the Individuals With Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 (IDEA). Articles were categorized by methodology and disability category examined. We found that disability research continues to comprise an extremely small amount (from less than 1% to 2.7%) of the counseling psychology literature, with the frequency of articles plateauing in recent years. The research design of articles published has changed, with an increased number of empirical articles and a decrease in literature reviews. We conclude by calling for increased empirical investigation of disability among journals specific to counseling psychology to recognize disability as an important aspect of diversity within the field. PMID:22642267

Foley-Nicpon, Megan; Lee, Sharon

2012-07-01

349

Teaching Chemistry to Students with Disabilities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Prepared by scientists who themselves have excelled in chemistry despite physical disabilities and experts on disability issues, this book is noted for its sensitivity to the underlying desires of almost every student with a physical disability. It provides information about a variety of successful classroom and laboratory accommodations for students with disabilities. In many instances, the accommodations are simple, inexpensive, and require little significant change in instructional approach or additional effort from the instructor. The intended audience of this resource includes teachers at the high school, college, and postgraduate levels; students with disabilities; parents; counselors; and professional staff in college Disability Services for Students (DSS) Offices.

Miner, Dorothy L.

350

Implications of the 2008 amendments to the Americans with Disabilities Act for medical education.  

PubMed

The statutory language of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) affords antidiscrimination protection to persons who have a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of the major life activities. The ADA comprises two major aspects: (1) whether one has a disability that qualifies for protection, and (2) if one does have a protected disability, whether the accommodations requested by the person with a disability are reasonable or unreasonable. Historically, many students who have challenged an institution's denial of accommodations in a court of law have been unsuccessful because they have been determined not to qualify as legally disabled. However, recent amendments to the ADA will affect how accommodation issues are handled by courts and, therefore, how medical colleges and other institutions make strategic decisions involving persons requesting special accommodations for learning disabilities under the ADA.In this article, the authors examine how the amendments to the ADA will affect the cases of persons with learning impairments who request special accommodations in medical education. This article focuses primarily on the issue of what constitutes a protected disability rather than on the reasonableness of accommodations. To examine this issue, the authors consider the narrow interpretations of the ADA that led to Congress enacting the amendments. The authors then discuss how the amendments might have influenced Wong v Regents of the University of California (2004). Finally, they examine the implications of the amendments for medical education and consider how they may affect a current case. PMID:21512367

Smith, W Thomas; Allen, William L

2011-06-01

351

Prevalence of schizophrenia disability and associated mortality among Chinese men and women.  

PubMed

Schizophrenia is a major cause of psychiatric disability in China. In the present study, we estimated total and age-specific prevalence of both schizophrenia disability and associated mortality among Chinese women and men. We further examined whether sex differences in prevalence were attributable to mortality differences between men and women. Data from the Second China National Sample Survey on Disability (2006) and the 2007-2010 follow-up studies were utilized. Possibly psychiatrically disabled individuals were administered the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule, Version II and the ICD-10 Symptom Checklist for Mental Disorders by trained clinical psychiatrists. In total, 0.37% of men and 0.44% of women were living with schizophrenia disability in China. We did not find statistically significant differences in the 4-year cumulative mortality between men and women. Overall standardized mortality ratios for the age groups of 18-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, and 70+ years were 120.89, 29.56, 15.06, 9.16, 10.57, and 4.95, respectively. In conclusion, mortality differences between men and women were unlikely to be a major contributor to sex differences in prevalence. Premature death among younger individuals experiencing schizophrenia disability warrants urgent attention. PMID:25113924

Liu, Tianli; Song, Xinming; Chen, Gong; Paradis, Angela D; Zheng, Xiaoying

2014-12-15

352

Mobile medication administration system: application and architecture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mistakes during the administration of medication process are one major source of deaths and injuries caused by medical errors at hospitals. The use of mobile computing can seriously contribute to reduce this statistic and to improve the satisfaction of the public and healthcare professionals with the medical system. This paper presents a framework to develop mobile applications for the healthcare

Cayo Pabllo; Rafael Soto; Jorge Campos

2008-01-01

353

Recent trends in assistive technology for mobility.  

PubMed

Loss of physical mobility makes maximal participation in desired activities more difficult and in the worst case fully prevents participation. This paper surveys recent work in assistive technology to improve mobility for persons with a disability, drawing on examples observed during a tour of academic and industrial research sites in Europe. The underlying theme of this recent work is a more seamless integration of the capabilities of the user and the assistive technology. This improved integration spans diverse technologies, including powered wheelchairs, prosthetic limbs, functional electrical stimulation, and wearable exoskeletons. Improved integration is being accomplished in three ways: 1) improving the assistive technology mechanics; 2) improving the user-technology physical interface; and 3) sharing of control between the user and the technology. We provide an overview of these improvements in user-technology integration and discuss whether such improvements have the potential to be transformative for people with mobility impairments. PMID:22520500

Cowan, Rachel E; Fregly, Benjamin J; Boninger, Michael L; Chan, Leighton; Rodgers, Mary M; Reinkensmeyer, David J

2012-01-01

354

Recent trends in assistive technology for mobility  

PubMed Central

Loss of physical mobility makes maximal participation in desired activities more difficult and in the worst case fully prevents participation. This paper surveys recent work in assistive technology to improve mobility for persons with a disability, drawing on examples observed during a tour of academic and industrial research sites in Europe. The underlying theme of this recent work is a more seamless integration of the capabilities of the user and the assistive technology. This improved integration spans diverse technologies, including powered wheelchairs, prosthetic limbs, functional electrical stimulation, and wearable exoskeletons. Improved integration is being accomplished in three ways: 1) improving the assistive technology mechanics; 2) improving the user-technology physical interface; and 3) sharing of control between the user and the technology. We provide an overview of these improvements in user-technology integration and discuss whether such improvements have the potential to be transformative for people with mobility impairments. PMID:22520500

2012-01-01

355

76 FR 17403 - Proposed Priorities: Disability in the Family  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...for people of color with disabilities and their families in disability organizations. Research and Practice for Persons...National Council on Disability (2010). The state of housing in America in the 21st century: A disability perspective....

2011-03-29

356

34 CFR 300.307 - Specific learning disabilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Specific learning disabilities. 300.307...CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES Evaluations, Eligibility Determinations...Identifying Children with Specific Learning Disabilities § 300.307 Specific learning disabilities. (a)...

2010-07-01

357

Disability evaluations: more than completing a form.  

PubMed

According to the World Health Organization, more than 1 billion persons worldwide have a disability. In the United States, more than 56 million American workers have some form of disability; of these, more than 38 million persons have a severe disability. Blacks and Hispanics are among the groups with the highest disability rates, as well as older patients. Conditions that most often lead to disability include arthritis, back or spine problems, and heart conditions. Common limitations include the inability to walk three city blocks or to climb a flight of stairs. Patients with a disability experience health disparities and barriers to appropriate health care. Disability impacts family members and caregivers, as well as patients. Impairment, disability, and handicap are key terms that physicians must understand to properly evaluate patients and make appropriate recommendations. Social Security Disability Insurance and workers' compensation are the two largest disability programs in the United States. The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs provides disability benefits for veterans, and private disability insurance may be provided by the employer or purchased by the employee. Family physicians can perform the initial evaluation, consult appropriate subspecialists, complete the necessary paperwork, and answer questions from the patient, employer, or disability agency. PMID:25591211

Maness, David L; Khan, Muneeza

2015-01-15

358

Burden of Restraint, Disablement and Ethnic Identity: A Case Study of Total Joint Replacement for Osteoarthritis  

PubMed Central

Health disparities in total joint replacement have been documented based on gender and ethnicity in multiple countries. Absent are studies exploring the meaning of the procedures among diverse women, which is necessary to fully understand the impact of the disparity. Drawing on ethnographic data from a life course exploration of disablement among Mexican American women with mobility impairments, one woman’s reasons for forgoing a joint replacement are considered. It is suggested that inequalities in disablement cannot be understood without considering the mulitple cultural conflicts and loyalties that push and pull women in multiple directions. PMID:21767094

Harrison, Tracie

2010-01-01

359

Development of disability in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: beyond lung function  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundCOPD is a major cause of disability, but little is known about how disability develops in this condition.MethodsThe authors analysed data from the Function, Living, Outcomes and Work (FLOW) Study which enrolled 1202 Kaiser Permanente Northern California members with COPD at baseline and re-evaluated 1051 subjects at 2-year follow-up. The authors tested the specific hypothesis that the development of specific

Mark D Eisner; Carlos Iribarren; Paul D Blanc; Edward H Yelin; Lynn Ackerson; Nancy Byl; Theodore A Omachi; Stephen Sidney; Patricia P Katz

2010-01-01

360

The Unsustainable Rise of the Disability Rolls in the United States: Causes, Consequences, and Policy Options  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two ailments limit the effectiveness and threaten the long-term viability of the U.S. Social Security Disability Insurance program (SSDI). First, the program is ineffective in assisting the vast majority of workers with less severe disabilities to reach their employment potential or earn their own way. Second, the program’s expenditures on cash transfers and medical benefits— exceeding $1,500 per U.S. household—are

David H. Autor

2011-01-01

361

Mobility patterns  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract We present a data model for tracking mobile objects and reporting the result of continuous queries. The model relies on a discrete view of the spatio-temporal space, where the 2D space and the time axis are respectively partitioned in a nite set of user-dened areas and in constant-size intervals. We dene a query language to retrieve objects that match

Cédric Du Mouza; Philippe Rigaux

2004-01-01

362

PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS --1 PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS --2  

E-print Network

PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS -- 1 #12;PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS -- 2 Handbook for Undergraduate Psychology Majors......................................................................................................................................2 A. Psychology Program Goals and Purpose B. Declaration of Major C. History of Marquette University D. Facilities E. Graduate Program in Clinical Psychology 2. Department Faculty and Staff

Sanders, Matthew

363

Vitamin D deficiency in patients with intellectual disabilities: prevalence, risk factors and management strategies.  

PubMed

Background People with intellectual disabilities have a high risk of osteoporosis and fractures, which could partly be as a result of vitamin D deficiency. Aims To compare the serum vitamin D (25(OH)D) levels of 155 patients with intellectual disabilities under psychiatric care and 192 controls, investigate potential risk factors for vitamin D deficiency in people with intellectual disabilities and assess available treatments. Method Cross-sectional observational study followed by treatment evaluation. Results Almost twice as many patients with intellectual disabilities had vitamin D deficiency (25(OH)D <50 nmol/l) compared with controls (77.3% v. 39.6%, P<0.0001). In the intellectual disabilities group, winter season (P<0.0001), dark skin pigmentation (P<0.0001), impaired mobility (P = 0.002) and obesity (P = 0.001) were independently associated with lower serum 25(OH)D. In most patients, 800 IU colecalciferol daily normalised 25(OH)D levels. Conclusions Vitamin D deficiency is highly prevalent in people with intellectual disabilities, partly because of insufficient exposure to sunlight. Screening and treatment strategies, aiming to reduce these patients' high fracture risk, should be introduced. Similar strategies may be required in other psychiatric populations at risk for fractures and with a tendency to spend excessive time indoors. PMID:25257061

Frighi, Valeria; Morovat, Alireza; Stephenson, Matthew T; White, Sarah J; Hammond, Christina V; Goodwin, Guy M

2014-12-01

364

Reaching everyone: Promoting the inclusion of youth with disabilities in evaluating foster care outcomes  

PubMed Central

Efforts to evaluate foster care outcomes must avoid systematic exclusion of particular groups. Although often unrecognized as such, youth with disabilities are highly overrepresented in the U.S. foster care system, and yet youth with some disabilities, including those with intellectual, serious emotional, and physical impairments may be underrepresented in research and evaluation studies evaluating foster care outcomes. The recruitment and retention of youth with various disabilities in such studies can be impeded by under-identification of disability and relatively high placement and school mobility. Furthermore, youth with various disabilities may experience more disappointing outcomes than foster youth overall, underscoring the importance of including these youth in outcome tracking efforts. This is especially relevant given the recent implementation of the National Youth in Transition Database (NYTD), which requires that state child welfare agencies gather baseline information about youth in foster care at age 17, and then survey outcomes at 19 and 21. To promote the full participation of foster youth with disabilities in such outcome evaluation, this paper describes successful strategies for identifying and retaining participants that were used in three separate longitudinal intervention studies. These strategies include the systematic recruitment of foster youth by special education status, and creative use of validated tracking and retention strategies incorporating minor accommodations as needed. PMID:24273364

Blakeslee, Jennifer E.; Quest, A. Del; Powers, Jennifer; Powers, Laurie E.; Geenen, Sarah; Nelson, May; Dalton, Lawrence D.; McHugh, Elizabeth

2013-01-01

365

Rehabilitation Research on Disability: New Horizons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an overview of research on disability and integrates rehabilitation research with the mainstream of scientific activity. Examples of disability research are given covering spinal cord injury, facial disfigurement, cancer of the larynx, and cystic fibrosis. (Author/TA)

Goldberg, Richard T.

1977-01-01

366

Communicating with and about People with Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... people with disabilities. Words Positive language empowers. When writing or speaking about people with disabilities, it is ... you are having difficulty understanding the individual, consider writing as an alternative means of communicating, but first ...

367

Americans with Disabilities Act - ADA Home Page  

MedlinePLUS

... Standards). This document provides guidance to assist small business owners in understanding how this new regulation applies to them. A Guide to Disability Rights Laws. A Guide to Disability Rights Law. A 21- ...

368

CDC Vital Signs: Adults with Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... health behavior to help avoid these chronic diseases. 82% Adults with disabilities were 82% more likely to be physically active if their ... get physical activity. Yet adults with disabilities were 82% more likely to be physically active if their ...

369

Administration on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... Developmental Disabilities (AIDD) Realizing the Intent of the DD Act: How the DD Network Advances the Independence, Prodcutivity, and Integration of ... the grantees form a Developmental Disabilities Network, or DD Network, that is uniquely positioned to meet the ...

370

Assessing Early Language Development in Children with Vision Disability and Motor Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a method for identifying test items as disability neutral for children with vision and motor disabilities. Graduate students rated 130 items of the Preschool Language Scale and obtained inter-rater correlation coefficients of 0.58 for ratings of items as disability neutral for children with vision disability, and 0.77 for…

Hennessey, Stephen

2011-01-01

371

Where We Are: Disability and Accessibility--Moving beyond Disability 2.0 in Composition Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors' perception, as specialists at the intersection of disability studies and composition studies, is that disability has arrived--in the sense that it is now on most peoples' radar. Most have come to think of it as "Disability 2.0": the state where acceptance of disabled students and teachers as belonging in our…

Wood, Tara; Dolmage, Jay; Price, Margaret; Lewiecki-Wilson, Cynthia

2014-01-01

372

Exploring Undergraduate Student Attitudes toward Persons with Disabilities: Application of the Disability Social Relationship Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Disability Social Relations Generalized Disability (DSRGD) Scale was used to explore the influence of the social context on attitudes toward persons with disabilities. The DSRGD Scale was based on the Disability Social Relationship (DSR) Scale (Grand, Bernier, & Strohmer, 1982; Strohmer, Grand, & Purcell, 1984). A sample of 1,013 undergraduate…

Hergenrather, Kenneth; Rhodes, Scott

2007-01-01

373

Investigation of Raising Burden of Children with Autism, Physical Disability and Mental Disability in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The family economic burden of raising autistic children, physical disabled children and mental disabled children were evaluated in China. 227 parents of children with autism, children with physical disability, children with mental disability and normal children were interviewed for children's costs, family income and economic assistance, etc. The…

Xiong, Nina; Yang, Li; Yu, Yang; Hou, Jiaxun; Li, Jia; Li, Yuanyuan; Liu, Hairong; Zhang, Ying; Jiao, Zhengang

2011-01-01

374

Children's Experiences of Disability: Pointers to a Social Model of Childhood Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The social model of disability has paid little attention to disabled children, with few attempts to explore how far it provides an adequate explanatory framework for their experiences. This paper reports findings from a two-year study exploring the lived experiences of 26 disabled children aged 7-15. They experienced disability in four ways--in…

Connors, Clare; Stalker, Kirsten

2007-01-01

375

(DIS)ABILITY Fosteringacultureof  

E-print Network

community. As such, the views in U: are not necessarily the views of the university or the editorial team. U of five major projects, including three new buildings, the relocation of four faculties and the first. Believe it or not, buildings ­ even the one we're calling our `living lab' ­ do not run themselves

University of Technology, Sydney

376

Development of medical garments and apparel for the elderly and the disabled  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper critically reviews medical garments with various functions and development aspects. Textiles used and developing technologies are systematically introduced. Medical garment products are described according to three major functions: protective, treatment and caring functions. Although the main theme of this paper discusses products for the elderly and the disabled, it also contains major parts on medical garments, which include

Ng Sau-Fun; Hui Chi-Leung; Wong Lai-Fan

2011-01-01

377

Home-delivered Problem Adaptation Therapy (PATH) for Depressed, Cognitively Impaired, Disabled Elders: A Preliminary Study  

PubMed Central

Objectives This preliminary study examines the efficacy of 12-week home-delivered Problem Adaptation Therapy (PATH) vs. home-delivered Supportive Therapy (ST) in reducing depression and disability in 30 depressed, cognitively impaired, disabled older adults. Design A 12-week randomized clinical trial. Research assistants were unaware of the participants' randomization status. Assessments were conducted at baseline, 6 and 12 weeks. Setting Weill Cornell - Advanced Center for Interventions and Services Research (ACISR). Participants Thirty elders with major depression, cognitive impairment, and disability were recruited through advertisement and the Home-Delivered Meals Program of the Westchester County Department of Senior Programs and Services. Intervention PATH is a home-delivered intervention designed to reduce depression and disability in depressed, cognitively impaired, disabled elders. PATH is based on Problem Solving Therapy (PST) and integrates environmental adaptation and caregiver participation. PATH is consistent with Lawton's ecological model of adaptive functioning in aging. Measurements Depression and disability were measured with Hamilton Depression Rating Scale – 24 items and Sheehan Disability Scale, respectively. Client Satisfaction Questionnaire was used to assess patient satisfaction with treatment. Results Mixed-effects model analyses revealed that PATH was more efficacious than ST in reducing depression and disability at 12 weeks. Participants in both treatment groups were satisfied with treatment. Conclusions This preliminary study suggests that PATH is well accepted and efficacious in depressed elders with major depression, cognitive impairment, and disability. Because this population may not adequately respond to antidepressant medication treatment, PATH may provide relief to many patients who would otherwise remain depressed and suffer. PMID:20808092

Kiosses, Dimitris N.; Arean, Patricia A.; Teri, Linda; Alexopoulos, George S.

2010-01-01

378

Involving disabled children and young people as partners in research: a systematic review.  

PubMed

Children and young people can be valuable partners in research, giving their unique perspectives on what and how research should be done. However, disabled children are less commonly involved in research than their non-disabled peers. This review investigated how disabled children have been involved as research partners; specifically how they have been recruited, the practicalities and challenges of involvement and how these have been overcome, and impacts of involvement for research, and disabled children and young people. The INVOLVE definition of involvement and the Equality and Human Rights Commission definition of disability were used. Relevant bibliographic databases were searched. Websites were searched for grey literature. Included studies had involved disabled children and young people aged 5-25 years in any study design. Reviews, guidelines, reports and other documents from the grey literature were eligible for inclusion. Twenty-two papers were included: seven reviews, eight original research papers, three reports, three guidelines and one webpage. Nine examples of involvement were identified. Recommendations included developing effective communication techniques, using flexible methods that can be adapted to needs and preferences, and ensuring that sufficient support and funding is available for researchers undertaking involvement. Positive impacts of involvement for disabled children included increased confidence, self-esteem and independence. Positive impacts for research were identified. Involving disabled children in research can present challenges; many of these can be overcome with sufficient time, planning and resources. More needs to be done to find ways to involve those with non-verbal communication. Generally, few details were reported about disabled children and young people's involvement in studies, and the quality of evidence was low. Although a range of positive impacts were identified, the majority of these were authors' opinions rather than data. There remains scope for methodological research to inform appropriate approaches to public and patient involvement in childhood disability research. PMID:25323964

Bailey, S; Boddy, K; Briscoe, S; Morris, C

2014-10-16

379

Depression and disability in Parkinson's disease.  

PubMed

The relationship between depression and disability in idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) was examined in 31 outpatients. Thirteen percent had current major depression (MD), 10% dysthymia, and 32% a lifetime history of MD. Depression was significantly related to both illness severity and functional impairment. Male patients with early-onset PD (before age 55) had more mood and anxiety disorders than late-onset male patients. Patients with right-sided PD had significantly more depressive symptoms than those with left-sided PD. On multiple regression analyses, depression predicted impaired social, role, and physical functioning for men (but not for women), independent of the impact of illness severity. The results suggest that treatment of depression may improve function; however, findings of gender differences will require replication. PMID:8845697

Cole, S A; Woodard, J L; Juncos, J L; Kogos, J L; Youngstrom, E A; Watts, R L

1996-01-01

380

Mobility and Aging: New Directions for Public Health Action  

PubMed Central

Optimal mobility, defined as relative ease and freedom of movement in all of its forms, is central to healthy aging. Mobility is a significant consideration for research, practice, and policy in aging and public health. We examined the public health burdens of mobility disability, with a particular focus on leading public health interventions to enhance walking and driving, and the challenges and opportunities for public health action. We propose an integrated mobility agenda, which draws on the lived experience of older adults. New strategies for research, practice, and policy are needed to move beyond categorical promotion programs in walking and driving to establish a comprehensive program to enhance safe mobility in all its forms. PMID:22698013

Guralnik, Jack M.; Jackson, Richard J.; Marottoli, Richard A.; Phelan, Elizabeth A.; Prohaska, Thomas R.

2012-01-01

381

Forensic Learning Disability Nursing Role Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a study carried out on the role constructs of forensic and nonforensic Learning Disability Nursing in relation to six binary themes. The aims were to identify if there were differences in perceptions of forensic learning disability nurses and nonforensic learning disability nurses in relation to the six binary themes of the…

Mason, Tom; Phipps, Dianne; Melling, Kat

2011-01-01

382

Veterans with Disabilities in Postsecondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past 60 years, veterans with disabilities have been a catalyst in the development of services for students with disabilities in higher education. Current converging factors, including anticipated large numbers of veterans with disabilities enrolling in postsecondary education, Office for Civil Rights directives, and the passage of the…

Madaus, Joseph W.; Miller, Wayne K., II; Vance, Mary Lee

2009-01-01

383

Disability Information: From Knowledge to Power.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the provision of information on disability to users with or without disabilities, and the role of information professionals. Highlights include obstacles to finding appropriate information; why access to information is important; differences between advocacy and information; and how the provision of disability information is being handled…

Molino, Laura

2001-01-01

384

Workplace Discrimination and the Perception of Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article documents the employment discrimination experienced by Americans "regarded as" disabled (but not medically verified as such), using the Integrated Mission System of the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). Claimants who were perceived as disabled, as contrasted with those with documented disabilities, were more likely…

Draper, William R.; Reid, Christine A.; McMahon, Brian T.

2011-01-01

385

Beyond the Myths about Disabilities and Risks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet presents risk management strategies for organizations employing people with disabilities. First, the booklet contrasts common beliefs (such as that disabilities are obvious) with actual facts and their implications for risk management. It then discusses several risk management related exceptions in the Americans with Disabilities Act…

Seidman, Anna; Tremper, Charles

386

Expanding opportunities for online shoppers with disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Internet promises many opportunities for consumers who shop online. While prior studies identify problems with online access for persons with disabilities, research has not examined whether consumers with disabilities shop online similarly to persons who are not disabled. The study attempts to fill this gap in two unique ways. First, this paper specifically considers the frequency of online shopping,

Terry L. Childers; Carol Kaufman-Scarborough

2009-01-01

387

Romanian Approach to Media Portrayals of Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a wide range of media representations of disability, but not just because of the societal stigma. They are a function of norms of journalism as well as biases among people with disabilities themselves. This article is a contribution to the issue of social representation of persons with disabilities from a Romanian perspective, which will…

Ciot, Melania-Gabriela; Van Hove, Geert

2010-01-01

388

Paddling with Individuals with Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although there is a variety of literature that offers adaptations and teaching suggestions for paddling with individuals who have physical disabilities, only a few address the needs of individuals with developmental disabilities (Gullion, 2009; Zeller, 2009). Developmental disabilities refer to a diverse group of severe chronic conditions that are…

Todd, Teri; Medina, Jacquie

2013-01-01

389

Handicaps and Developmental Disabilities. Matrix No. 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper summarizes the recent advances achieved by research in the area of developmental disabilities, and discusses directions for future research in this area. Approximately 8 to 10 per cent of the pediatric population suffers from one or more developmental disabilities. The most common of these are learning disabilities, which include some…

Prensky, Arthur L.

390

Compensatory Services and Students with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students with disabilities are entitled to a free appropriate public education (FAPE) under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). If school officials fail to provide students with a FAPE, the courts may grant appropriate relief. Courts often direct educators to provide students with disabilities with a FAPE and to compensate…

Osborne, Allan G., Jr.; Russo, Charles J.

2009-01-01

391

Learning Disabilities: Historical Perspectives. Executive Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the federal government's involvement in learning disabilities through task forces, legislation, and funding has been evident only since the 1960s and 1970s, the roots of learning disabilities can be traced back to the early 1800s. Learning disabilities are one of the newest categories officially recognized by the U.S. Department of…

Hallahan, Daniel P.; Mercer, Cecil D.

392

Postsecondary Education for Individuals with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This newsletter theme issue contains several articles on postsecondary education for individuals with disabilities. "Supported Education for People with Psychiatric Disabilities...Issues and Implications" (Karen V. Unger) describes three prototypes for postsecondary education of individuals with psychiatric disabilities--the self-contained…

Nathanson, Jeanne H., Ed.

1991-01-01

393

Disability Documentation: Using All the Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Approaches to disability documentation have long been grounds for contention among postsecondary disability service providers. While the new AHEAD Documentation Guidance seems to be creating the usual intensity and heat among its members, there does seem to be a data-based middle ground. The AHEAD Guidance recommends that disability service…

Shaw, Stan F.

2012-01-01

394

Emerging Technologies and Their Impact on Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technological innovation is transforming the prevalence and functional impact of child disability, the scale of social disparities in child disability, and perhaps the essential meaning of disability in an increasingly technology-dominated world. In this article, Paul Wise investigates several specific facets of this transformation. He begins by…

Wise, Paul H.

2012-01-01

395

Gender Differences in Social Security Disability Decisions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study analyzes gender differences in Social Security disability awards. Logit analysis is used to identify significant determinants of receiving a Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI) award. The results show that, even after controlling for applicant characteristics and nature of impairment, women receive Social Security disability awards at a significantly lower rate than do men.

Marjorie L. Baldwin

1997-01-01

396

33 CFR 165.835 - Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. 165.835 Section...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. (a) Definition. As used in this section— Cruise ship means a passenger vessel...

2012-07-01

397

33 CFR 165.835 - Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. 165.835 Section...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. (a) Definition. As used in this section— Cruise ship means a passenger vessel...

2014-07-01

398

33 CFR 165.835 - Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. 165.835 Section...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. (a) Definition. As used in this section— Cruise ship means a passenger vessel...

2010-07-01

399

33 CFR 165.835 - Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. 165.835 Section...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. (a) Definition. As used in this section— Cruise ship means a passenger vessel...

2011-07-01

400

33 CFR 165.835 - Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. 165.835 Section...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. (a) Definition. As used in this section— Cruise ship means a passenger vessel...

2013-07-01

401

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY TO PREVENT DISABILITY IN FUNCTIONALLY LIMITED OLDER ADULTS: THE ART AND SCIENCE OF TAILORING TREATMENT  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The purpose of the physical activity (PA) intervention in the LIFE trial is to improve impairments associated with "mobility disability" and to teach long-term maintenance of independent PA (150 minutes of aerobic activity per week). The PA program is of moderate intensity and includes aerobic, str...

402

Scales could be developed based on simple clinical ratings of International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health Core Set categories  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveThe aim of the study was to examine whether clinical ratings of International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health categories can be integrated into parametric scales, which provide a reliable estimation of specified patient problems and rehabilitation goals using the example of mobility of the upper and lower extremities in the acute hospital situation.

Eva Grill; Gerold Stucki

2009-01-01

403

Self-Report Computer-Based Survey of Technology Use by People with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Advancements of technologies in the areas of mobility, hearing and vision, communication, and daily living for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities has the potential to greatly enhance independence and self-determination. Previous research, however, suggests that there is a technological divide with regard to the use of such…

Tanis, Emily Shea; Palmer, Susan; Wehmeyer, Michael; Davies, Daniel K.; Stock, Steven E.; Lobb, Kathy; Bishop, Barbara

2012-01-01

404

Clinically Diagnosed Insomnia and Risk of All-Cause and Diagnosis-Specific Disability Pension: A Nationwide Cohort Study  

PubMed Central

Background. Insomnia and disability pension are major health problems, but few population-based studies have examined the association between insomnia and risk of disability pension. Methods. We conducted a prospective nationwide cohort study based on Swedish population-based registers including all 5,028,922 individuals living in Sweden on December 31, 2004/2005, aged 17–64 years, and not on disability or old age pension. Those having at least one admission/specialist visit with a diagnosis of disorders of initiating and maintaining sleep (insomnias) (ICD-10: G47.0) during 2000/2001–2005 were compared to those with no such inpatient/outpatient care. All-cause and diagnosis-specific incident disability pension were followed from 2006 to 2010. Incidence rate ratios (IRRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated by Cox regression. Results. In models adjusted for prior sickness absence, sociodemographic factors, and inpatient/specialized outpatient care, associations between insomnia and increased risks of all-cause disability pension (IRR 1.35, 95% CI 1.09–1.67) and disability pension due to mental diagnoses (IRR 1.86, 95% CI 1.38–2.50) were observed. After further adjustment for insomnia medications these associations disappeared. No associations between insomnia and risk of disability pension due to cancer, circulatory, or musculoskeletal diagnoses were observed. Conclusion. Insomnia seems to be positively associated with all-cause disability pension and disability pension due to mental diagnoses. PMID:24490078

Alexanderson, Kristina; Kecklund, Göran; Åkerstedt, Torbjörn

2013-01-01

405

Intellectual Disability and Spiritual Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Linking the concepts of intellectual disability and spiritual development creates a challenging mixture of sociological and theological issues. Formal definitions of the concepts can be less than conclusive but it remains a fundamental issue to consider if there may be some minimal level of intellectual competence below which it is not feasible to…

Watts, Graeme

2011-01-01

406

Educating Students with Mild Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The book contains 19 papers from the journal, "Focus on Exceptional Children," that discuss new perspectives and practices in educating students with mild disabilities. The first half of the book is titled "New Perspectives" and includes the following articles: "Beyond the Regular Education Initiative/Inclusion and the Resource Room Controversy"…

Meyen, Edward L., Ed.; And Others

407

Learning Disability: Experience of Diagnosis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies have focused on the experience of diagnosis from the perspectives of parents of children with learning disabilities, but there has been limited methodologically rigorous investigation into the experience for the person themselves. Eight participants were recruited from a range of different backgrounds. Interviews were analysed using…

Kenyon, Elinor; Beail, Nigel; Jackson, Tom

2014-01-01

408

Integrated Disability Covers You When  

E-print Network

. · Support of the employee's transition to full duty can be provided by a licensed physical therapist can be provided at the employee's worksite, eliminating the need for travel. The physical therapist possibilities that may allow an employee to remain productive at work. · Assist with applications for disability

409

Disability Awareness: Creating Employment Opportunities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This training module is intended to increase awareness of workshop participants concerning their individual values and to develop positive attitudes and behaviors toward people with disabilities. The module includes workshop content (with side notes to the trainer in italics), overheads, and many handouts. Preliminary information includes module…

Gregory, Martha Wille, Ed.

410

Child Abuse and Developmental Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Literature indicating high rates of abuse in this population is reviewed, as is literature indicating high rates of developmental disabilities in child victims of abuse. Problems in data collecting practices are noted. Reasons for these children's greater risk for abuse are identified, including child attributes, stress, parent vulnerabilities,…

Grayson, Joann, Ed.; Bartlette, Don

1992-01-01

411

Disabled Readers: Insight, Assessment, Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on helping teachers to understand and help children who have reading disabilities, the 13 papers in this volume were prepared by practitioners at various levels from public school, community, and university settings. The papers included in part one offer insights into the concomitant aspects of reading difficulties. Specific topics…

Sawyer, Diane J., Ed.

412

Readiness Skills for Disabled Writers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Exercises in 10 prewriting skill areas (scribbling, imitation, tracing, completion, discrimination, automatic writing, cued writing, free associating, ordered writing, and message writing) are suggested to help students with writing disabilities. The exercises are explained to help in identifying as well as remediating the problem. (CL)

Giordano, Gerald

1983-01-01

413

Disability and the Black Community.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book addresses physical, mental, and learning disabilities experienced across age, gender, and ethnic groups by the black race in the United States. After an introduction by Sheila D. Miller, the papers are: "A Study to Assess Patient Satisfaction of Transitioning from Medicaid to Managed Care by Sickle Cell Patients in Hampton Roads,…

Miller, Sheila D., Ed.

414

Financial Resources for Disabled Individuals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide is intended to provide a practical source of information on financial resources for disabled individuals. Following an introductory chapter is a chapter discussing some fundamental principles useful in increasing the likelihood that a benefit will be awarded. Subsequent chapters contain information on financial assistance programs in…

Institute for Information Studies, Falls Church, VA.

415

Learning Disabilities: Diagnosis and Prescription.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author advocates an interdisciplinary team approach to diagnosis and prescription for the elementary school learning disabled (LD) child. Described is a 5-year project, funded under Title VI, operating within 11-18 elementary schools surrounding the University of Maryland Hospital. Biweekly services are offered to participating schools by a…

Kappelman, Murray M.

416

VISUAL DEFICIENCIES AND READING DISABILITY.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE ROLE OF VISUAL SENSORY DEFICIENCIES IN THE CAUSATION READING DISABILITY IS DISCUSSED. PREVIOUS AND CURRENT RESEARCH STUDIES DEALING WITH SPECIFIC VISUAL PROBLEMS WHICH HAVE BEEN FOUND TO BE NEGATIVELY RELATED TO SUCCESSFUL READING ACHIEVEMENT ARE LISTED--(1) FARSIGHTEDNESS, (2) ASTIGMATISM, (3) BINOCULAR INCOORDINATIONS, AND (4) FUSIONAL…

ROSEN, CARL L.

417

DISABILITY RESOURCE CENTER System Requirements  

E-print Network

and the pages scanned on a high speed scanner, processed through Optical Character Recognition (OCR Card SoundBlaster or compatible sound card · Audio Output Speakers, headphones etc. The system · Accessories CD-ROM, Keyboard, Mouse For more information about services, please contact: Disability Resource

Fernández-Juricic, Esteban

418

Disability Etiquette Guide The Basics  

E-print Network

the following formula: Name or Title of a Person + Verb + Assistive Device or Disability Professor, student, crutches or other assistive devices use arms for balance. Refrain from touching them or moving an object around them unexpectedly. People Who Are Blind or Visually Impaired o Identify yourself and allow

Jiang, Huiqiang

419

Disability, Work and Cash Benefits.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains 13 papers from a workshop convened to explore the causes of work disability and the types of interventions that might enable individuals to remain at work, return to work, or enter the work force for the first time, despite having chronic health conditions or impairments. Following an overview of the papers by editors Jerry L.…

Mashaw, Jerry L., Ed.; And Others

420

Makingadifference Center on Disability and  

E-print Network

toward our common goals. We look forward to another year of education, research and service -- to making in Developmental Disabilities Research, Education, and Service #12;2 Welcome to OurYear in Review Our MissionDirector Deborah Lisi-Baker AssociateDirector Core Function Coordinators: Dr.WesWilliams &Tim Fox InterdisciplinaryEducation

Hayden, Nancy J.

421

JAMA Patient Page: Assessing Disability  

MedlinePLUS

... may contribute to an increased burden in both quality of life and health care costs. FOR MORE INFORMATION • Administration on Aging Eldercare Locator www.eldercare.gov • National Council on Disability www.ncd.gov • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention www.cdc.gov/nchs • Workers’ Compensation ...

422

Assistive Software for Disabled Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous reports in this series (#32 and 36) have discussed online software features of value to disabled learners in distance education. The current report evaluates four specific assistive software products with useful features for visually and hearing impaired learners: "ATutor", "ACollab", "Natural Voice", and "Just Vanilla". The evaluative…

Clark, Sharon; Baggaley, Jon

2004-01-01

423

Disability Discrimination in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews developments in 2000 in the law of disability discrimination as it relates to higher education, which falls into five categories: (1) definition of a qualified individual; (2) accommodations, access, undue burden, and fundamental alteration of programs; (3) intentional discrimination, harassment, and retaliation; (4) Eleventh Amendment…

Weber, Mark C.

2002-01-01

424

Accreditation of Developmental Disabilities Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data gathered from 296 agency accreditation surveys, conducted by the Accreditation Council on Services for People with Developmental Disabilities, were analyzed, focusing on ownership, services provided, size of residential units, critical standards, characteristics of individuals served, and accreditation outcome. Redundancies between private…

Hemp, Richard; Braddock, David

1988-01-01

425

Information Technology and Disabilities, 1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four issues of this newsletter on information technology and disabilities (ITD) contain the following articles: "Developing an Accessible Online Public Access Catalog at the Washington Talking Book and Braille Library" (Charles Hamilton); "Assistive Technology in the Science Laboratory: A Talking Laboratory Work Station for Visually Impaired…

McNulty, Tom, Ed.

1995-01-01

426

Forestry Commission Disability Equality Scheme  

E-print Network

Forestry Commission Disability Equality Scheme 2009-2012 #12;CONTENTS Page · Foreword by the Forestry Commissioners 3 · Introduction 4 · The Forestry Commission's Structure 9 · Legal Obligations 12 20 · The Forestry Commission as a Service Provider 22 · The Forestry Commission as an Employer 23

427

Intellectual Disabilities and Hearing Loss  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Undetected/untreated hearing loss imposes significant limitations upon individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID). It can interfere with cognitive development, impede communicative and social interactions, and limit vocational aspirations. Over the past decade, the hearing of 9961 people with ID was evaluated at Special Olympics sports…

Herer, Gilbert R.

2012-01-01

428

Physical activity and learning disability.  

PubMed

The inclusion of people with learning disabilities in sporting activities promotes a number of positive outcomes. These may include opportunities for social inclusion, the creation of positive role models for other people with learning disabilities, the opportunity to present people with learning disabilities in valued social roles to a global community, sharing of common interests and experiences, and social and competitive rewards. There is also the potential for positive physical and mental health outcomes. Current data suggests that people with learning disabilities are physically less active than the rest of the population, more likely to lead sedentary lifestyles and more prone to obesity and associated health conditions. However, there are a number of ways in which nurses may support both individuals and their carers to engage with and promote programmes of physical activity. These may include the design of individual activity plans incorporated within health action planning aligned with suitable rewards systems. Action might also be taken in terms of health promotion advice and information to carers and those providing facilities for physical activity. PMID:22875298

Hallawell, Bob; Stephens, Jacqueline; Charnock, David

429

Disability: a view from selected cultural perspectives.  

PubMed

The concept of disability has been examined from various cultural perspectives across the globe. The author explores how services and specific support networks have been provided to people with disabilities. Small-scale and large-scale societies have had to deal with unique challenges in monitoring services for the disabled, regardless of their geographical location; financial resources, accountability and adequate staffing are primary problems in delivery of services to the disabled. Prospects and challenges facing people with disabilities require policy reforms and advancements in special education in all countries. PMID:19550159

Eskay, Michael

2008-01-01

430

Mathematical models in simulation process in rehabilitation of persons with disabilities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The problems of people with disability are varied. A disability may be physical, cognitive, mental, sensory, emotional, developmental or some combination of these. The major disabilities which can appear in people's lives are: the blindness, the deafness, the limb-girdle muscular dystrophy, the orthopedic impairment, the visual impairment. A disability is an umbrella term, covering impairments, activity limitations and participation restrictions. A disability may occur during a person's lifetime or may be present from birth. The authors conclude that some of these disabilities like physical, cognitive, mental, sensory, emotional, developmental can be rehabilitated. Starting from this state of affairs the authors present briefly the possibility of using certain mechatronic systems for rehabilitation of persons with different disabilities. The authors focus their presentation on alternative calling the Stewart platform in order to achieve the proposed goal. The authors present a mathematical model of systems theory approach under the parallel system and described its contents can. The authors analyze in a meaningful mathematical model describing the procedure of rehabilitation process. From the affected function biomechanics and taking into account medical recommendations the authors illustrate the mathematical models of rehabilitation work. The authors assemble a whole mathematical model of parallel structure and the rehabilitation process and making simulation and highlighting the results estimated. The authors present in the end work the results envisaged in the end analysis work, conclusions and steps for future work program..

Gorie, Nina; Dolga, Valer; Mondoc, Alina

2012-11-01

431

Music reduces pain and increases functional mobility in fibromyalgia  

PubMed Central

The pain in Fibromyalgia (FM) is difficult to treat and functional mobility seems to be an important comorbidity in these patients that could evolve into a disability. In this study we wanted to investigate the analgesic effects of music in FM pain. Twenty-two FM patients were passively exposed to (1) self-chosen, relaxing, pleasant music, and to (2) a control auditory condition (pink noise). They rated pain and performed the “timed-up & go task (TUG)” to measure functional mobility after each auditory condition. Listening to relaxing, pleasant, self-chosen music reduced pain and increased functional mobility significantly in our FM patients. The music-induced analgesia was significantly correlated with the TUG scores; thereby suggesting that the reduction in pain unpleasantness increased functional mobility. Notably, this mobility improvement was obtained with music played prior to the motor task (not during), therefore the effect cannot be explained merely by motor entrainment to a fast rhythm. Cognitive and emotional mechanisms seem to be central to music-induced analgesia. Our findings encourage the use of music as a treatment adjuvant to reduce chronic pain in FM and increase functional mobility thereby reducing the risk of disability. PMID:24575066

Garza-Villarreal, Eduardo A.; Wilson, Andrew D.; Vase, Lene; Brattico, Elvira; Barrios, Fernando A.; Jensen, Troels S.; Romero-Romo, Juan I.; Vuust, Peter

2014-01-01

432

Out of sight, out of mind: including group quarters residents with household residents can change what we know about working-age people with disabilities.  

PubMed

Information about residents of institutional and noninstitutional group quarters (GQ), particularly those with disabilities, has been limited by gaps in survey data, and statistics based on data that exclude some or all GQ residents are biased as estimates of total population statistics. We used the 2006 and 2007 American Community Survey (ACS) to identify the distribution of working-age populations with and without disabilities by major residence type and to assess the sensitivity of disability statistics to GQ residence. Our findings show that (1) of those with disabilities, about 1 in 13 males and 1 in 33 females live in GQ; (2) GQ rates are higher for individuals reporting mental, self-care, or go-outside-the-home disabilities than for those reporting sensory, physical, or employment disabilities; (3) younger males with disabilities are more likely to reside there, particularly at institutional GQ, reflecting their relatively high incarceration rate; (4) individuals with and without disabilities who are black, American Indian, were never married, or have less than a high school education have higher GQ residence rates; (5) 40% of male and 62% of female GQ residents have a disability; (6) adding GQ residents to household residents increases estimated disability prevalence for males by 6%, and the estimated difference between disability prevalence rates by gender nearly disappears; and (7) inclusion of the GQ population substantially lowers employment rate estimates for young males, blacks, and American Indians. PMID:22109082

Stapleton, David; Honeycutt, Todd; Schechter, Bruce

2012-02-01

433

Quantifying disability: data, methods and results.  

PubMed Central

Conventional methods for collecting, analysing and disseminating data and information on disability in populations have relied on cross-sectional censuses and surveys which measure prevalence in a given period. While this may be relevant for defining the extent and demographic pattern of disabilities in a population, and thus indicating the need for rehabilitative services, prevention requires detailed information on the underlying diseases and injuries that cause disabilities. The Global Burden of Disease methodology described in this paper provides a mechanism for quantifying the health consequences of the years of life lived with disabilities by first estimating the age-sex-specific incidence rates of underlying conditions, and then mapping these to a single disability index which collectively reflects the probability of progressing to a disability, the duration of life lived with the disability, and the approximate severity of the disability in terms of activity restriction. Detailed estimates of the number of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) lived are provided in this paper, for eight geographical regions. The results should be useful to those concerned with planning health services for the disabled and, more particularly, with determining policies to prevent the underlying conditions which give rise to serious disabling sequelae. PMID:8062403

Murray, C. J.; Lopez, A. D.

1994-01-01

434

Healthcare employees' progression through disability benefits.  

PubMed

Progression of Disability Benefits (PODB) refers to the migration of workers with work-limiting disabilities through a system of economic disability benefits that result in their ultimate placement into the Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) system [16]. Specifically, this migration involves a "progression" from short-term disability (STD) to long-term disability (LTD) to SSDI income. This project uses Chi-squared Automatic Interaction (CHAID) Technique to study the Healthcare industry, the largest industry in the United States, and its PODB experience. The first part of the study analyzes if claimant demographic (age, gender, disability type) and PODB data (movement from STD to LTD to SSDI) can be used to predict employer industry (dependent variable). Gender was the most significant predictor, while men working outside of Healthcare had the greatest amount of progression to advanced disability levels. The second part of the study assesses if the PODB experience could be predicted through claimant demographics and the sub-set industry within Healthcare in which claimants' were employed. The resulting dendogram reveals that disability type was the strongest predictor of claimant movement through disability benefits levels. Age was the second strongest predictor for all but 1 category of disability type, in which the Healthcare sector was the strongest predictor. PMID:19923676

Hawley, Carolyn E; Diaz, Sebastian; Reid, Christine

2009-01-01

435

Function and disability in children with Costello syndrome and Cardiofaciocutaneous syndrome.  

PubMed

There is limited research on function in individuals with RASopathies. Our hypothesis was that there was function and disability differences between Costello syndrome (CS) and Cardiofaciocutaneous syndrome (CFCS). The purpose of this study was to describe and compare the functional performance and level of disability of children with CS and CFCS using the Pediatric Outcomes Data Collection Instrument (PODCI) and Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Index (PEDI). Parents of individuals with a medical diagnosis of CS and CFCS completed the computer or paper version of the questionnaires. Comparisons of response data were made between the two syndromes and published normative data. Fifty-two parents participated in the study, 38 in the CS group and 14 in the CFCS group. There were no significant differences in PODCI or PEDI scores between the CS and CFCS groups. There were statistically significant differences from normative values for all PODCI domains (P???0.012). The PEDI T-scores of both groups were greater than two standard deviations below normative scores in mobility (CS?=?12.37, CFCS?=?2.37), social (CS?=?24.01, CFCS?=?20.08), and activity (CS?=?15.88, CFCS?=?14.32). Responsibility T scores were in the normal range (30-70) for the CS group (31.38), but not for the CFCS group (28.40). The CS and CFCS groups had activity limitations in the PODCI domains of upper extremity function, transfers, and mobility, sport and physical function. These functional limitations cause significant disability in the PEDI domains of daily activity, mobility, and socialization and cognition. CS and CFCS are similar conditions in respect to functional limitations and severity of disability. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:25346259

Johnson, Barbara; Goldberg-Strassler, Dina; Gripp, Karen; Thacker, Mihr; Leoni, Chiara; Stevenson, David

2015-01-01

436

Survey on Teaching Science to K-12 Students with Disabilities: Teacher Preparedness and Attitudes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Students with disabilities are increasingly included in general education science classrooms and are expected to demonstrate academic proficiency on standardized assessments. Teacher preparation and attitudes have been cited as major factors contributing to either the success or failure of students with disabilities in science. In order to assess the current state of what could be facilitative or inhibitory influences, a national online survey to which 1,088 K-12 science teachers responded was conducted. Mixed methods' analyses suggest that science teachers receive little formal training and feel underprepared to teach students with disabilities. Results identify specific gaps in science teachers' education, as well as attitudinal and institutional barriers that may inhibit students with disabilities' success. However, science teachers remain highly receptive to training and collaboration. Implications for science teacher education are discussed.

Kahn, Sami; Lewis, Anna R.

2014-12-01

437

The law's understanding of intellectual disability as a disability.  

PubMed

Intellectual disability (ID) is differently yet validly described by different professions. Legal professionals find it most useful to consider ID as a disability rather than a disorder. Because the law regulates the actions of individuals in a society and the actions of society on an individual, the law's concern in dealing with a person with ID is almost always with that person's functional abilities and limitations in society. This concern is reflected in various aspects of criminal and civil law, although the methods of assessing those functional abilities and limitations have changed considerably over time. The law has not always been wise or humane in its treatment of people with ID, but its focus on functional abilities and limitations allows us to assist people with ID to use their abilities and participate in society to their fullest potential. PMID:23537356

Ellis, James W

2013-04-01

438

Swinburne University of Technology Disability / Medical Documentation Form Disability Services requires students to provide documentation of a disability or medical condition from a relevant professional, before  

E-print Network

Swinburne University of Technology Disability / Medical Documentation Form Disability Services requires students to provide documentation of a disability or medical condition from a relevant Guidelines" for more information). The information provided will remain confidential and be used

Liley, David

439

Fall 2012 Majors Counts Undergraduate # of Majors Degree Majors Total  

E-print Network

120 BFA Art/Digital Media Art 38 BA Art/Studio Practice 29 BFA Art/Photography 29 BFA Art/Pictorial Counts Graduate # of Majors Degree Majors Total 6 MFA Art/Digital Media Art 17 MFA Art/Photography 13 MFA Art/Pictorial Arts 20 MFA Art/Spatial Arts 27 MA Art/Art History and Visual Culture 1 MFA Art 5 MA Art

Su, Xiao

440

Colloid Mobilization and Transport in Contaminant Plumes: Field Experiments, Laboratory Experiments, and Modeling  

Microsoft Academic Search

The major hypothesis driving this research, that the transport of colloids in a contaminant plume is limited by the advance of the chemical agent causing colloid mobilization, was tested by (1) examining the dependence of colloid transport and mobilization on chemical perturbations, (2) assessing the relative transport of mobilized colloids and the chemicals that caused their mobilization, and (3) developing

Joseph N. Ryan; Rebecca A. Ard; Robin D. Magelky; Menachem Elimelech; Ning Sun; Ne-Zheng Sun

441

Research Approaches to Mobile Use in the Developing World: A Review of the Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews roughly 200 recent studies of mobile (cellular) phone use in the developing world, and identifies major concentrations of research. It categorizes studies along two dimensions. One dimension distinguishes studies of the determinants of mobile adoption from those that assess the impacts of mobile use, and from those focused on the interrelationships between mobile technologies and users. A

Jonathan Donner

2008-01-01

442

Inclusive Education and the Cultural Representation of Disability and Disabled People within the English Education System: The Influence of Electronic Media in the Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the picture of disability portrayed within the electronic media presented to primary-aged pupils in England. The study employed proto-text analysis to examine 494 separate electronic resources which contained 4485 illustrations, 930 photographs and 59 video clips. The major finding of the research is that the media examined…

Hodkinson, Alan

2012-01-01

443

Mobile Schools for a Mobile World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Overwhelmingly, independent schools are embracing mobile devices--laptops, iPads or other tablets, and smartphones--to enhance teaching and learning. This article describes the results of the "NAIS 2012 Mobile Learning Survey." Among its findings were that 75 percent of NAIS-member schools currently use mobile learning devices in at…

Booth, Susan

2013-01-01

444

The changing landscape of disability in childhood.  

PubMed

Americans' perceptions of childhood disability have changed dramatically over the past century, as have their ideas about health and illness, medical developments, threats to children's health and development, and expectations for child functioning. Neal Halfon, Amy Houtrow, Kandyce Larson, and Paul Newacheck examine how these changes have influenced the risk of poor health and disability and how recent policies to address the needs of children with disabilities have evolved. The authors examine the prevalence in the United States of childhood disability and of the conditions responsible for impairment, as well as trends in the prevalence of chronic conditions associated with disability. They find that childhood disability is increasing and that emotional, behavioral, and neurological disabilities are now more prevalent than physical impairments. They stress the importance of, and lack of progress in, improving socioeconomic disparities in disability prevalence, as well as the need for better measures and greater harmonization of data and data sources across different child-serving agencies and levels of government. They call on policy makers to strengthen existing data systems to advance understanding of the causes of childhood disabilities and guide the formulation of more strategic, responsive, and effective policies, programs, and interventions. The authors offer a new and forward-looking definition of childhood disability that reflects emerging and developmentally responsive notions of childhood health and disability. They highlight the relationship between health, functioning, and the environment; the gap in function between a child's abilities and the norm; and how that gap limits the child's ability to engage successfully with his or her world. Their definition also recognizes the dynamic nature of disability and how the experience of disability can be modified by the child's environment. PMID:22550684

Halfon, Neal; Houtrow, Amy; Larson, Kandyce; Newacheck, Paul W

2012-01-01

445

Breaking for Commercials: Characterizing Mobile Advertising  

E-print Network

and Google Play (previously named Android Market) from Google are the two major platforms where developers sell or freely share their apps. Both Apple and Google have played a major role in democratizing revenues related to mobile apps. In particu- lar, considering that 73% of the apps in Google Play are free

Hand, Steven

446

The World Report on Disability and communication disability: some considerations from an Indian context.  

PubMed

The aim of this paper is to reflect and comment on the lead article by Wylie, McAllister, Davidson, and Marshall (2013) with reference to people with communication disability in India and illustrated by the work of one Indian non-governmental organization. Key themes and questions from Wylie et al. are identified and discussed. Suggestions for how the recommendations of the World Report on Disability might be implemented in an Indian context are made, notwithstanding the magnitude and scale of the demand for services in the context of the vast population. Nine recommendations at the meso- and micro-level are included. These emphasize three major themes: methodologies to ensure access for all those who need speech-language pathology services; enhancement of speech-language pathology training capacities to deliver holistic professional services in urban and rural settings; promotion of the involvement of advocacy groups in policy-making and, hence, facilitating people with communication needs to be more assertive about rights and entitlement. PMID:23075158

Goldbart, Juliet; Sen, Reena

2013-02-01

447

Using assistive technology outcomes research to inform policy related to the employment of individuals with disabilities.  

PubMed

We know that work is recognized as a central component of life for individuals with and without disabilities. It yields many physical and psychological benefits to the individual while simultaneously contributing numerous benefits to society. Lawmakers have enacted a plethora of laws designed to prevent discrimination, provide incentives for employers to hire individuals with disabilities, and facilitate job training/career preparation. Assistive technology figures prominently in disability employment law as a critical strategy for gaining access and supporting employment and upward mobility in the workplace. However, little systematic effort has been devoted to examining assistive technology use and outcomes as they relate to the employment of individuals with disabilities. The purpose of this article is to articulate a series of issues that permeate assistive technology outcome measurement in employment settings and subsequently affect the use of research knowledge for federal and state policy makers. For each issue, the authors pose three questions for critical analysis: Does the law compel the provision of assistive technology? Does outcome data play any part in the operation of the law? When it does, what kind of data would be useful to collect and where could it be found? Finally, the authors provide a brief glimpse of the current and future research efforts concerning the RSA-911 database. The recent database summaries exemplify the importance of such a national data collection system for informing federal policy, particularly concerning the contributions of assistive technology device use and services on improving the employment of individuals with disabilities. PMID:18939654

Mendelsohn, Steven; Edyburn, Dave L; Rust, Kathy L; Schwanke, Todd D; Smith, Roger O

2008-01-01

448

Characteristics of the least frail adults with intellectual disabilities: a positive biology perspective.  

PubMed

The current study focuses on the characteristics of older people with intellectual disabilities with the lowest frailty levels. Frailty is an increased risk of adverse health outcomes and dependency. Older adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) show more signs of early frailty than the general population. Knowledge of the least frail group characteristics may provide insight into possibilities to prevent early frailty in older people with intellectual disabilities. This study was part of the Healthy Aging and Intellectual Disability study (HA-ID) which incorporated 1050 adults aged 50 years and over with all levels of ID. Frailty was measured with a frailty index. The least frail group was selected based on a frailty index score ? 0.10. Odds ratios were used to compare the occurrence of health deficits in the least frail group to the remaining group. The least frail group consisted of 65 participants, corresponding with 6.6% of the study population. The least frail group was significantly younger, had less severe levels of ID, and less often Down syndrome than the remaining group. The lack of mobility and physical fitness limitations, dependence, no signs of depression/dementia, and little medical problems characterized the least frail group. The percentage of 50+ adults with intellectual disabilities within the least frail group is very low compared to that in the general aging population (>43%). Interventions to prevent or delay frailty in this population are highly recommended and can focus on health characteristics of the least frail group. PMID:24252590

Schoufour, Josje D; van Wijngaarden, Judith; Mitnitski, Arnold; Rockwood, Kenneth; Evenhuis, Heleen M; Echteld, Michael A

2014-01-01

449

Longitudinal Follow-Up of Weight Change in the Context of a Community-Based Health Promotion Programme for Adults with an Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Obesity has been identified as a major health concern in adults with intellectual disabilities. This study evaluates a health promotion programme delivered by a NHS department for adults with intellectual disabilities. Method: Routine NHS data were collated and analysed descriptively. One hundred and ninety one adults with intellectual…

Thomas, G. R.; Kerr, M. P.

2011-01-01

450

Psychological Disability Documentation Guidelines for Service Eligibility In order to establish eligibility for support services and/or reasonable accommodations, students  

E-print Network

Psychological Disability Documentation Guidelines for Service Eligibility In order to establish on a psychological disability must include: Name, address, phone number, and credentials of present therapist Dates of how related symptoms cause significant impairment in a major life activity History of the condition

Suzuki, Masatsugu

451

Autism in Genetic Intellectual Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Despite early controversy, it is currently accepted that a substantial proportion of children with intellectual disability\\u000a of genetic origin meet criteria for autism spectrum disorders (ASD). This has led to an increased interest in studying conditions\\u000a such as Fragile X syndrome (FXS) as genetic models of idiopathic ASD. Here, largely based on our own studies, we expand this\\u000a notion to

Walter E. Kaufmann; George T. Capone; Megan Clarke; Dejan B. Budimirovic

452

The Disability burden of COPD.  

PubMed

Affecting an estimated 12.6 million people and causing over 100,000 deaths per year, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacts a heavy burden on American society. Despite knowledge of the impact of COPD on morbidity, mortality, and health care costs, little is known about the association of the disease with economic outcomes such as employment and the collection of disability. We quantify the impact of COPD on Americans aged 51 and older-in particular, their employment prospects and their likelihood of collecting federal disability benefits-by conducting longitudinal regression analysis using the Health and Retirement Study. Controlling for initial health status and a variety of sociodemographic factors, we find that COPD is associated with a decrease in the likelihood of employment of 8.6 percentage points (OR = 0.58, 95% CI 0.50-0.67), from 44% to 35%. This association rivals that of stroke and is larger than those of heart disease, cancer, hypertension, and diabetes. Furthermore, COPD is associated with a 3.9 percentage point (OR 2.52, 95% CI 2.00-3.17) increase in the likelihood of collecting Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI), from 3.2% to 7.1%, as well as a 1.7 percentage point (OR 2.87, 95% CI 2.02-4.08) increase in the likelihood of collecting Supplemental Security Income (SSI), from 1.0% to 2.7%. The associations of COPD with SSDI and SSI are the largest of any of the conditions studied. Our results are consistent with the hypothesis that COPD imposes a substantial burden on American society by inhibiting employment and creating disability. PMID:22721264

Thornton Snider, Julia; Romley, John A; Wong, Ken S; Zhang, Jie; Eber, Michael; Goldman, Dana P

2012-08-01

453

Native American Studies Major Major Advisors  

E-print Network

Native American Studies Major Major Advisors Laura Jimenez-Olvera & Dewey St. Germaine 532 & 530://ethnicstudies.berkeley.edu/ Undergraduate Program The Native American Studies Program exists to broaden the understanding of students interested in the history, culture, and contemporary situations of Native Americans in the United States

Walker, Matthew P.

454

20 CFR 404.1520 - Evaluation of disability in general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...that we follow in a set order. If we can find that you are disabled or not disabled...not go on to the next step. If we cannot find that you are disabled or not disabled...substantial gainful activity, we will find that you are not disabled. (See...

2011-04-01

455

20 CFR 404.1520 - Evaluation of disability in general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...that we follow in a set order. If we can find that you are disabled or not disabled...not go on to the next step. If we cannot find that you are disabled or not disabled...substantial gainful activity, we will find that you are not disabled. (See...

2010-04-01

456

Fruit flies and intellectual disability  

PubMed Central

Mental retardation—known more commonly nowadays as intellectual disability—is a severe neurological condition affecting up to 3% of the general population. As a result of the analysis of familial cases and recent advances in clinical genetic testing, great strides have been made in our understanding of the genetic etiologies of mental retardation. Nonetheless, no treatment is currently clinically available to patients suffering from intellectual disability. Several animal models have been used in the study of memory and cognition. Established paradigms in Drosophila have recently captured cognitive defects in fly mutants for orthologs of genes involved in human intellectual disability. We review here three protocols designed to understand the molecular genetic basis of learning and memory in Drosophila and the genes identified so far with relation to mental retardation. In addition, we explore the mental retardation genes for which evidence of neuronal dysfunction other than memory has been established in Drosophila. Finally, we summarize the findings in Drosophila for mental retardation genes for which no neuronal information is yet available. All in all, this review illustrates the impressive overlap between genes identified in human mental retardation and genes involved in physiological learning and memory. PMID:19182539

Bolduc, François V.; Tully, Tim

2011-01-01

457

Understanding individual human mobility patterns  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Understanding human mobility patterns is of major importance for a number of areas, ranging from urban planning to traffic forecasting, transportation geography, and preventing the spread of biological and mobile viruses. Yet, in the absence of tools to monitor the time resolved location of a large number of individuals, our understanding of the basic laws governing human trajectories remains limited. Here we study the individual mobility pattern of mobile phone users whose position is tracked in a time resolved manner. We find that the displacement distribution of the whole population can be approximated with a truncated L'evy statistics, in agreement with earlier measurements. We show, however, that the main contribution to the observed distribution comes from the differences in the travel pattern of individuals. Furthermore, we find that the individual trajectories are bounded in space and are highly anisotropic, an effect that increases with the trajectory's radius of gyration. After we correct for differences in the radius of gyration and anisotropy all individuals are described by the same universal mobility pattern. These results open new avenues for modeling human motion, with important impact on agent based modeling, epidemic prevention, emergency response and urban planing.

González, Marta C.; Hidalgo, Cesar A.; Barabási, Albert-Lászlo

2008-03-01

458

Patient versus parental perceptions about pain and disability in children and adolescents with a variety of chronic pain conditions  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: Cross-informant variance is often observed in patient self-reports versus parent proxy reports of pediatric chronic pain and disability. OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship and merit of the child versus parent perspective. METHODS: A total of 99 patients (eight to 17 years of age [mean 13.2 years]; 71% female, 81% Caucasian) and parents completed the Pediatric Pain Questionnaire and Functional Disability Inventory at their initial clinic visit. Patients’ and parents’ pain intensity and disability scores were analyzed using an intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), Wilcoxon signed-rank test, Bland-Altman plot and Spearman’s correlation coefficient. The association between clinical/demographic variables and differences in patient/parent pain intensity and disability scores was assessed using multivariable regression. RESULTS: There was significant agreement between patients’ self-reports and parents’ proxy reports of their child’s pain intensity (ICC=0.52; P<0.001) and disability (ICC=0.57; P=0.004) at the individual level. There were no significant group differences in patient versus parent-proxy pain intensity scores (P=0.40) and disability scores (P=0.54). The difference between patient and parent-proxy pain intensity was associated with patients’ self-reported pain intensity (P<0.001). The difference between patient and parent-proxy disability was associated with patient’s self-reported pain disability (P<0.001). Bland-Altman plots revealed major inter-rater variation in the Pediatric Pain Questionnaire and Functional Disability Inventory across their score ranges. A significant relationship (r=0.38; P<0.001) was observed between patients’ self-reported pain intensity and disability. CONCLUSIONS: While equal merit should ideally be given to pediatric chronic pain patients’ self-reports and their parents’ proxy reports of pain intensity and disability, it would appear that, as needed, pediatric patients or parents can offer a clinically valid, single clinical perspective. PMID:24147272

Vetter, Thomas R; Bridgewater, Cynthia L; Ascherman, Lee I; Madan-Swain, Avi; McGwin, Gerald L

2014-01-01

459

20 CFR 404.915 - Disability hearing-disability hearing officers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...involved in making the determination you are appealing. The disability hearing officer...or revised determination that you are appealing, the disability hearing officer...which made the determination you are appealing. (2) State agency defined....

2011-04-01

460

20 CFR 404.915 - Disability hearing-disability hearing officers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...involved in making the determination you are appealing. The disability hearing officer...or revised determination that you are appealing, the disability hearing officer...which made the determination you are appealing. (2) State agency defined....

2013-04-01

461

20 CFR 416.1415 - Disability hearing-disability hearing officers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...involved in making the determination you are appealing. The disability hearing officer...or revised determination that you are appealing, the disability hearing officer...which made the determination you are appealing. (2) State agency defined....

2013-04-01

462

20 CFR 416.1415 - Disability hearing-disability hearing officers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...involved in making the determination you are appealing. The disability hearing officer...or revised determination that you are appealing, the disability hearing officer...which made the determination you are appealing. (2) State agency defined....

2010-04-01

463

20 CFR 416.1415 - Disability hearing-disability hearing officers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...involved in making the determination you are appealing. The disability hearing officer...or revised determination that you are appealing, the disability hearing officer...which made the determination you are appealing. (2) State agency defined....

2014-04-01

464

20 CFR 404.915 - Disability hearing-disability hearing officers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...involved in making the determination you are appealing. The disability hearing officer...or revised determination that you are appealing, the disability hearing officer...which made the determination you are appealing. (2) State agency defined....

2014-04-01

465

20 CFR 416.1415 - Disability hearing-disability hearing officers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...involved in making the determination you are appealing. The disability hearing officer...or revised determination that you are appealing, the disability hearing officer...which made the determination you are appealing. (2) State agency defined....

2012-04-01

466

20 CFR 404.915 - Disability hearing-disability hearing officers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...involved in making the determination you are appealing. The disability hearing officer...or revised determination that you are appealing, the disability hearing officer...which made the determination you are appealing. (2) State agency defined....

2012-04-01

467

20 CFR 416.1415 - Disability hearing-disability hearing officers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...involved in making the determination you are appealing. The disability hearing officer...or revised determination that you are appealing, the disability hearing officer...which made the determination you are appealing. (2) State agency defined....

2011-04-01

468

20 CFR 404.915 - Disability hearing-disability hearing officers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...involved in making the determination you are appealing. The disability hearing officer...or revised determination that you are appealing, the disability hearing officer...which made the determination you are appealing. (2) State agency defined....

2010-04-01

469

Disabling conditional inferences: an EEG study.  

PubMed

Although the Modus Ponens inference is one of the most basic logical rules, decades of conditional reasoning research show that it is often rejected when people consider stored background knowledge about potential disabling conditions. In the present study we used EEG to identify neural markers of this process. We presented participants with many and few disabler conditionals for which retrieval of disabling conditions was likely or unlikely. As in classic behavioral studies we observed that participants accepted the standard MP conclusion less for conditionals with many disablers. The key finding was that the presentation of the standard MP conclusion also resulted in a more pronounced N2 and less pronounced P3b for the many disabler conditionals. This specific N2/P3b pattern has been linked to the violation and satisfaction of expectations, respectively. Thereby, the present ERP findings support the idea that disabler retrieval lowers reasoners' expectations that the standard MP conclusion can be drawn. PMID:24508764

Bonnefond, Mathilde; Kaliuzhna, Mariia; Van der Henst, Jean-Baptiste; De Neys, Wim

2014-04-01

470

Disability and the education system.  

PubMed

Education is important for all children, but even more so for children with disabilities, whose social and economic opportunities may be limited. In this article, Laudan Aron and Pamela Loprest assess how well the nation's education system is serving students with disabilities. Aron and Loprest trace the evolution of the special education system in the United States from its origins in the civil rights movement of the mid-twentieth century. They note the dual character of federal legislation, which both guarantees eligible children with disabilities the right to a "free, appropriate public education in the least restrictive setting" and establishes a federal funding program to help meet this goal. They then review the types of services and accommodations these children receive from infancy through young adulthood. The special education system has given children with disabilities much greater access to public education, established an infrastructure for educating them, helped with the earlier identification of disabilities, and promoted greater inclusion of these children alongside their nondisabled peers. Despite these advances, many problems remain, including the over- and underidentification of certain subgroups of students, delays in identifying and serving students, and bureaucratic, regulatory, and financial barriers that complicate the program for everyone involved. More important, the authors show that special education students still lag behind their nondisabled peers in educational achievements, are often held to lower expectations, are less likely to take the full academic curriculum in high school, and are more likely to drop out of school. Only limited evidence is available on the effectiveness of specific special education services or on how to improve student achievement for this important subgroup of students. Improving the system will require better ways of understanding and measuring both ends of the special education continuum, namely, what services special education children need and receive, and what academic outcomes these students achieve. Without stronger evidence linking these two aspects of the system, Aron and Loprest argue, researchers will be unable to gauge the efficacy of the services now being delivered or to formulate effective reforms to the system as a whole. PMID:22550687

Aron, Laudan; Loprest, Pamela

2012-01-01

471

Ensuring Mobility-Supporting Environments for an Aging Population: Critical Actors and Collaborations  

PubMed Central

Successful aging takes on an array of attributes, including optimal health and community participation. Research indicates that (1) persons with disabilities, including age-related disabilities, report frequent barriers to community participation, including unsuitable building design (43%), transportation (32%), and sidewalks/curbs (31%), and (2) many seniors report an inability to cross roads safely near their homes. This paper attempts to define mobility-related elements that contribute to optimal health and quality of life, within the context of successful aging. It then examines the impacts of community design on individual mobility, delving into which traditional and nontraditional actors—including architects, urban planners, transportation engineers, occupational therapists, and housing authorities—play critical roles in ensuring that community environments serve as facilitators (rather than barriers) to mobility. As America ages, mobility challenges for seniors will only increase unless both traditional aging specialists and many nontraditional actors make a concerted effort to address the challenges. PMID:21766029

Kochtitzky, Chris S.; Freeland, Amy L.; Yen, Irene H.

2011-01-01

472

Impact of Mainstreaming and Disability Visibility on Social Representations of Disability and Otherness Held by Junior High School Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study sought to gauge the impact of integrating pupils with disabilities in ordinary schools on the social representations of disability and otherness held by their classmates. In particular, we studied the effects of the disability's visibility--a visible disability (i.e., cerebral palsy) versus a non-visible disability (i.e.,…

Harma, Kahina; Gombert, Anne; Roussey, Jean-Yves

2013-01-01

473

Browsing on Mobile Phones  

Microsoft Academic Search

The popularity of mobile browsing varies between countries. In South Korea and Japan, the mobile browser is widely used for mobile specific services. In Europe, the popularity of WAP services is increasing all the time, but they still are not in everyman's use. In the U. S., mobile phones are not used for browsing, but people access the full Web

Virpi Roto

2005-01-01

474

Stennis Space Center observes Disability Awareness Day  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Members of STARC, a non-profit organization in Slidell, La., that seeks to help people with disabilities lead meaningful, productive lives, pose with their appreciation awards during Disability Awareness Day at Stennis Space Center on Oct. 15. The group members received appreciation awards for their dedicated service to the rocket engine testing facility. Disability Awareness Day was hosted by the Stennis Diversity Council and included guest speakers from several area agencies.

2009-01-01

475

OFFICE OF THE DEAN OF STUDENTS Disability Resource Center  

E-print Network

condition(s): Blind Mobility Impairment Traumatic Brain Injury Visually Impaired Neurological Condition-Limited Testing Reader/Scribe Services Assistive Listening Devices Assistive Technology Campus Accessibility who has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of the major life

Pittendrigh, Barry

476

Screening for Offenders with an Intellectual Disability: The Validity of the Learning Disability Screening Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study assessed the validity of an intellectual disability screening tool, the Learning Disability Screening Questionnaire (LDSQ), in three forensic settings: a community intellectual disability forensic service; a forensic in-patient secure unit and a prison, using data for 94 individuals. A significant positive relationship was found between…

McKenzie, Karen; Michie, Amanda; Murray, Aja; Hales, Charlene

2012-01-01

477

Siblings of Individuals with Disabilities Who Enter Careers in the Disability Field  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Siblings of individuals with disabilities are a unique group in disability-related careers. This group of professionals has been minimally explored in research. The researcher utilized qualitative methodology to explore perceptions of siblings with respect to their career and familial experiences in the disability field. Findings indicated that…

Chambers, Cynthia R.

2007-01-01

478

Best Practices for Practitioners in Autism, Intellectual Disability, and Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On January 23-25, 2013, the Council for Exceptional Children Division on Autism and Developmental Disabilities (DADD) sponsored its Fourteenth International Conference: Research to Practice in Autism, Intellectual Disability and Developmental Disabilities. The conference was held at the Sheraton Kona Resort at Keauhou Bay, Hawaii. The DADD Board…

Zucker, Stanley H.; Perras, Cindy; Perner, Darlene E.; Murdick, Nikki

2013-01-01

479

Happiness Disabled: Sensory Disabilities, Happiness and the Rise of Educational Expertise in the Nineteenth Century  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To date, the historical entanglement of disability and happiness has not been considered an object worth of historical inquiry. Nor has the intersection of disability and emotions been used as a lens to examine the history of disability. Our paper aims at filling this academic void by analysing a wide range of philosophical, anthropological,…

Verstraete, Pieter; Söderfeldt, Yva

2014-01-01

480

The Effect of Disability Insurance on Health Investment: Evidence from the VA Disability Compensation Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

I examine whether individuals respond to monetary incentives to detect latent medical conditions. The effect is identified by an amendment to Title 38 that deemed diabetes associated with Agent Orange exposure a compensable disability under the VA's Disability Compensation program. Since a diagnosis is a requisite for benefit eligibility, and nearly one-third of diabetics remain undiagnosed, the advent of disability

Perry Singleton

2008-01-01

481

Preschool Children's Conceptions of Disabilities: The Salience of Disability in Children's Ideas about Others.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviews with 46 nondisabled children (ages 3 to 6) in inclusive programs found that most children were aware of physical disability, half the children were aware of sensory disabilities, but no children expressed an awareness of Down syndrome. Children were most sensitive to effects of a physical disability on a child's motor performance. (DB)

Diamond, Karen E.

1996-01-01

482

Enacting Disability: How Can Science and Technology Studies Inform Disability Studies?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper aims to discuss how science and technology studies (STS) can inform disability studies and challenge dominant approaches, such as the medical and the social models, in the ordering and representation of disability. Disability studies and STS have followed somewhat parallel paths in the history of ideas. From a positivist approach to…

Galis, Vasilis

2011-01-01

483

Human Rehabilitation Techniques. Disability Analyses: Behavioral Disabilities. Volume II, Part B.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Volume II, Section B of a six-volume final report (which covers the findings of a research project on policy and technology related to rehabilitation of disabled individuals) presents a review of literature on three types of behavior disabilities--epilepsy, mental retardation, and schizophrenia. Individual chapters on each disability cover the…

Sigelman, C.; And Others

484

MYTHS AND FACTS REGARDING HIRING PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES Providing accommodations for people with disabilities is expensive.  

E-print Network

MYTHS AND FACTS REGARDING HIRING PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES MYTH: Providing accommodations for people with disabilities is expensive. FACT: According to the Job Accommodation Network (JAN), a service of the U unqualified individuals with disabilities. FACT: Unqualified candidates are not protected under the ADA

Tsien, Roger Y.

485

Using Disability Studies Theory to Change Disability Services: A Case Study in Student Activism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2001, a group of student activists at Syracuse University started an organization called the Beyond Compliance Coordinating Committee (BCCC). The BCCC activists used disability studies theory to engage the campus in conversations about disability and inform significant change in the way Syracuse administration think about disability. This paper…

Cory, Rebecca C.; White, Julia M.; Stuckey, Zosha

2010-01-01

486

Recognising the Needs of Every Disabled Child: The Development of Tools for a Disability Census  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Equality Act 2010 further enshrines the duties on organisations set out in the Disability Discrimination Act 2005 to safeguard the rights of vulnerable children. However, disability is a complex phenomenon, which makes the collection of data, and the subsequent identification of children who might be classed as disabled, problematic. This…

Porter, Jill; Daniels, Harry; Feiler, Anthony; Georgeson, Jan

2011-01-01

487

Patient Driven Mobile Platform to Enhance Conventional Wheelchair, with Multiagent System Supervisory Control  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This paper presents a group of intelligent mobile platforms, which can transport conventional wheelchair over them. Theses\\u000a platform are supervisory controlled by a multiagent system, that support senior citizens or persons with disabilities situated\\u000a in a given context (such as a Hospital) This system makes a main contribution enhancing the autonomy and mobility of the target\\u000a population in the selected

Antonio B. Martínez; Josep Escoda; T. Benedico; Ulises Cortés; Roberta Annicchiarico; Cristian Barrué; Carlo Caltagirone

2005-01-01

488

5 CFR 831.1207 - Withdrawal of disability retirement applications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Withdrawal of disability retirement applications. 831.1207 Section 831.1207... CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) RETIREMENT Disability Retirement § 831.1207 Withdrawal of disability...

2010-01-01

489

Mathematics Education for Students with Learning Disabilities: Theory to Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book addresses teaching mathematics to students with learning disabilities, including characteristics and assessment of mathematics learning disabilities, mathematics programming and interventions, and teacher preparation. Chapters include: (1) "Mathematics Education and Students with Learning Disabilities: Instruction" (Diane Pedrotty…

Rivera, Diane Pedrotty, Ed.

490

Mobile Search - Social Network Search Using Mobile Devices Demonstration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile search prototype demonstrates the possibilities of social network search in N800 mobile devices. Search is initiated from a N800 mobile device to search the contacts in mobile device's addressbook. The contacts can be other N800 mobile devices running mobile Web server or normal Web servers in the Internet with Drupal content management system. Mobile device users can select which

P. Tiago; N. Kotilainen; M. Vapa

2008-01-01

491

How Mobility Increases Mobile Cloud Computing Processing Capacity  

E-print Network

How Mobility Increases Mobile Cloud Computing Processing Capacity Anh-Dung Nguyen, Patrick S--In this paper, we address a important and still unanswered question in mobile cloud computing "how mobility the resilience of mobile cloud computing services. Keywords--Mobile cloud computing, mobility, quality of service

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

492

Childhood disability in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples: a literature review  

PubMed Central

Introduction Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children have higher rates of disability than non-Indigenous children and are considered doubly disadvantaged, yet there is very little data reflecting prevalence and service access to inform design and delivery of services. Failing to address physical, social, and psychological factors can have life-long consequences and perpetuate longstanding health disparities. Methods A narrative literature review was undertaken to identify peer reviewed literature describing factors impacting on the prevention, recognition, and access to support and management of disability in Indigenous Australian children. Results Twenty-seven peer-reviewed journal articles met inclusion criteria. The majority of articles focused on the hearing loss and learning disabilities consequent of otitis media. Few articles reported data on urban or metropolitan Indigenous populations or described interventions. Individual/community-, provider-, and systems level factors were identified as impacting on recognition and management of disability in young Indigenous children. Conclusions Given the burden of childhood disability, the limited literature retrieved is concerning as this is a barometer of activity and investment. Solutions addressing childhood disability will require collaboration between health, social and educational disciplines as well as an increased investment in prevention, identification and promotion of access. PMID:23327694

2013-01-01

493

Having a Career in Disability Studies without Even Becoming Disabled! The Strains of the Disabled Teaching Body  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Does it matter who teaches disability studies, whether that teacher has a disability or not? Maybe this might strike the reader as a peculiar question--to focus on the teacher's body or knowledge standpoint. There are certain theoretical and ontological implications in asking such questions. This article is an attempt to theorise about the way the…

Campbell, Fiona Kumari

2009-01-01

494

Impairment and disability: Renoir's adaptive coping strategies against rheumatoid arthritis.  

PubMed

Pierre-Auguste Renoir was one of the most influential painters in art history, but few people know that he suffered from debilitating rheumatoid arthritis. Despite his arthritis, he was able to maintain an incredible level of precision and efficiency with his painting. More importantly, he remained positive and did not let his condition affect his passion for painting or take away from the beauty that he saw in the world around him. Renoir applied a wide variety of coping mechanisms and used his ingenuity to come up with different ways to continue painting even as his arthritis weakened him. Renoir's long battle with rheumatoid arthritis serves as an inspiration to patients who experience the pain and limited mobility associated with this disease, encouraging them to persevere and to develop coping mechanisms that prevent the effects of their impairment from disabling them. PMID:24294153

Kowalski, Evan; Chung, Kevin C

2012-12-01

495

Tiers of Intervention in Responsiveness to Intervention: Prevention Outcomes and Learning Disabilities Identification Patterns  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Response to Intervention (RTI) models have attracted great attention as an alternative to traditional methods used for identifying students with learning disabilities. A major feature of this approach is the implementation of academic interventions in general education and measuring the student's response to those interventions. A common question…

Marston, Douglas

2005-01-01

496

Toward a Cross Disability View of Family Support for Caregiving Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Family members provide the majority of care for individuals with disabilities in the United States. There is growing recognition that family caregiving deserves and may require societal support, and evidence-based practices have been established for reducing stress associated with caregiving. A substantial research literature on family support has…

Singer, George H. S.; Biegel, David E.; Ethridge, Brandy L.

2009-01-01

497

Service Development for Intellectual Disability Mental Health: A Human Rights Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: People with intellectual disability (ID) experience higher rates of major mental disorders than their non-ID peers, but in many countries have difficulty accessing appropriate mental health services. The aim of this paper is to review the current state of mental health services for people with ID using Australia as a case example, and…

Evans, E.; Howlett, S.; Kremser, T.; Simpson, J.; Kayess, R.; Trollor, J.

2012-01-01

498

A Quantitative Review of Mortality and Developmental Disability in Extremely Premature Newborns  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To summarize the literature on mortality rates and prevalences of major neurodevelopmental dis- abilities and to examine trends of these outcomes over time in extremely premature neonates. Data Sources: MEDLINE was used to search the En- glish literature for studies published since 1970 report- ing on both mortality and disability in infants born at or before 26 weeks' gestation

John M. Lorenz; Diane E. Wooliever; James R. Jetton; Nigel Paneth

1998-01-01

499

Hospitalisation for Cancer and Co-Morbidities among People with Learning Disability in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Australia, general health and medical services are subsidised by the government. This includes care for people with disabilities, screening and diagnostic services for common diseases, including cancer, and care and treatment for various medical conditions. In Western Australia, the majority of state-provided health services are well documented…

Sullivan, Sheena G.; Hussain, Rafat

2008-01-01

500

Experiencing Rights within Positive, Person-Centred Support Networks of People with Intellectual Disability in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This research describes issues related to human rights as they arose within the everyday lives of people in nine personal support networks that included adult Australians with an intellectual disability (ID). Method: The research was part of a wider 3-year ethnographic study of nine personal support networks. A major criterion for…

Hillman, A.; Donelly, M.; Whitaker, L.; Dew, A.; Stancliffe, R. J.; Knox, M.; Shelley, K.; Parmenter, T. R.

2012-01-01