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1

MAJOR MOBILITY DISABILITY-ASSESSMENT AND BASELINE PERFORMANCE IN LIFE  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Major mobility disability has previously been defined by self-reported inability to walk Ľ mile. Observed inability to walk 400 meters provides a valid and objective disability endpoint for clinical trials that is relevant to community walking, future advanced disability and mortality. LIFE particip...

2

Effect of structured physical activity on prevention of major mobility disability in older adults: the LIFE Study randomized clinical trial  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY Importance In older adults reduced mobility is common and is an independent risk factor for morbidity, hospitalization, disability, and mortality. Limited evidence suggests that physical activity may help prevent mobility disability; however, there are no definitive clinical trials examining if physical activity prevents or delays mobility disability. Objective To test the hypothesis that a long-term structured physical activity program is more effective than a health education program (also referred to as a successful aging program) in reducing the risk of major mobility disability. Design, Setting, and Participants The Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) study was a multicenter, randomized trial that enrolled participants between February 2010 and December 2011, who participated for an average of 2.6 years. Follow-up ended in December 2013. Outcome assessors were blinded to the intervention assignment. Participants were recruited from urban, suburban and rural communities at 8 field centers throughout the US. We randomized a volunteer sample of 1,635 sedentary men and women aged 70–89 years who had physical limitations, defined as a score on the Short Physical Performance Battery of 9 or below, but were able to walk 400 m. Interventions Participants were randomized to a structured moderate intensity physical activity program (n=818) done in a center and at home that included including aerobic, resistance and flexibility training activities or to a health education program (n=817) consisting of workshops on topics relevant to older adults and upper extremity stretching exercises. Main Outcomes and Measures The primary outcome was major mobility disability objectively defined by loss of ability to walk 400 m. Results Incident major mobility disability occurred in 30.1% (n=246/818) of physical activity and 35.5% (n=290/817) of health education participants (HR=0.82, 95%CI=0.69–0.98, p=0.03). Persistent mobility disability was experienced by 120/818 (14.7%) physical activity and 162/817 (19.8%) health education participants (HR=0.72; 95%CI=0.57–0.91; p=0.006). Serious adverse events were reported by 404/818 (49.4%) of the physical activity and 373/817 (45.7%) of the health education participants (Risk Ratio=1.08; 95%CI=0.98–1.20). Conclusions and Relevance A structured moderate intensity physical activity program, compared with a health education program, reduced major mobility disability over 2.6 years among older adults at risk of disability. These findings suggest mobility benefit from such a program in vulnerable older adults. Registration ClinicalsTrials.gov identifier NCT01072500. PMID:24866862

Pahor, Marco; Guralnik, Jack M.; Ambrosius, Walter T.; Blair, Steven; Bonds, Denise E.; Church, Timothy S.; Espeland, Mark A.; Fielding, Roger A.; Gill, Thomas M.; Groessl, Erik J.; King, Abby C.; Kritchevsky, Stephen B.; Manini, Todd M.; McDermott, Mary M.; Miller, Michael E.; Newman, Anne B.; Rejeski, W Jack; Sink, Kaycee M.; Williamson, Jeff D.

2014-01-01

3

Muscle Strength and BMI as Predictors of Major Mobility Disability in the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders Pilot (LIFE-P)  

PubMed Central

Background. Muscle weakness and obesity are two significant threats to mobility facing the increasing number of older adults. To date, there are no studies that have examined the association of strength and body mass index (BMI) on event rates on a widely used performance measure of major mobility disability. Methods. This study was a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial in which sedentary functionally limited participants (70–89 years, Short Physical Performance Battery ? 9) who were able to complete a 400-m walk test at baseline were randomized to a physical activity or health education intervention and reassessed for major mobility disability every 6 months for up to 18 months. We evaluated whether baseline grip strength and BMI predicted failure to complete the 400-m walk test in 15 minutes or less (major mobility disability). Results. Among N = 406 participants with baseline measures, lower grip strength was associated with an increased risk for developing major mobility disability, with and without covariate adjustment (p < .01): The hazard ratio (95% confidence interval) for the lowest versus high sex-specific quartile of grip strength was 6.11 (2.24–16.66). We observed a U-shaped relationship between baseline BMI and the risk of developing major mobility disability, such that the risk for participants with a BMI of 25–29 kg/m2 was approximately half that of participants with BMI less than 25 or 30 kg/m2 or more (p = .04 in fully adjusted analyses). Conclusions. Our data highlight the importance of muscle weakness, low BMI, and obesity as risk factors for major mobility disability in older adults. Being overweight may be protective for major mobility disability. PMID:21975090

Rejeski, W. Jack; Espeland, Mark A.; Miller, Michael E.; Church, Timothy S.; Fielding, Roger A.; Gill, Thomas M.; Guralnik, Jack M.; Newman, Anne B.; Pahor, Marco

2011-01-01

4

Muscle strength and BMI as predictors of major mobility disability in the lifestyle interventions and independence for elders pilot (LIFE-P)  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Muscle weakness and obesity are two significant threats to mobility facing the increasing number of older adults. To date, there are no studies that have examined the association of strength and body mass index (BMI) on event rates on a widely used performance measure of major mobility disability. T...

5

The Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) study, randomized trial of physical activity: Effect on the prevention of major mobility disability  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

In older adults reduced mobility is common and is an independent risk factor for morbidity, hospitalization, disability, and mortality. Limited evidence suggests that physical activity may help prevent mobility disability; however, there are no definitive clinical trials examining if physical activi...

6

Designing a Mobile Survey Application for People with Cognitive Disabilities  

E-print Network

. The community of researchers developing technologies for people with cognitive disabilities has begun to create.g., [3]). In our development effort, researchers investigating cognitive disabilities enlighten to develop a mobile questionnaire application for people with moderate to severe cognitive disabilities

McCrickard, Scott

7

Seating and wheeled mobility in the disabled elderly population.  

PubMed

Elderly persons constitute the largest among the populations regularly using wheelchairs. This is a review of the few studies specifically concerned with seating for the elderly; it identifies current problems, particularly in the seating for aged people who are in long-term care facilities. This review describes ways of matching currently available seating technology with the needs of disabled elderly persons. Two major barriers to greater use of newer seating technology are (1) the high cost of durable medical equipment and (2) the failure of most clinicians and institutional administrators to recognize the importance of posture and comfort to provide functional independence in wheelchair users. This review discusses seating for four groups of elderly persons: (1) the nonmobile, dependents who may be safety risks and are without energy or ability to wheel or walk by themselves; (2) mobile nonambulatory; and (3) ambulatory, but with special wheelchair needs. Research is needed in wheeled mobility in a number of areas: better matching of mobility to function, cheaper and more effective cushions, more modular seating systems, and better lifting and transfer devices. The American National Standards Institute in cooperation with Rehabilitation Engineering Society of North America has recently recommended standards for wheelchair performance that may be legislated in the next few years. PMID:8347074

Redford, J B

1993-08-01

8

Disability and cross-border mobility: comparing resettlement experiences of Cambodian and Somali refugees with disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores disabled people’s access to cross-border mobility within the context of refugee resettlement. The research presented in this paper stems from an ethnographic study involving in-depth interviews, focus groups and participant observations with 15 disabled Somali and Cambodian refugees resettled in the United States. The study combined ethnographic data with information obtained from key experts and interpretive analysis

Mansha Mirza

2011-01-01

9

Disability, poverty and development: critical reflections on the majority world debate  

Microsoft Academic Search

Beyond rough estimates, little is known about disability in the majority world and complexities related to context and poverty are too often unacknowledged in the quest to simplify, generalise and export disability discourse, models and strategies. Disability remains peripheral to the larger development agenda and the disability studies debate maintains an almost exclusive focus on western settings, loaded with associated

Shaun Grech

2009-01-01

10

Specific Reading Comprehension Disability: Major Problem, Myth, or Misnomer?  

PubMed Central

The goal of the present study was to test three competing hypotheses about the nature of comprehension problems of students who are poor in reading comprehension. Participants in the study were first, second, and third graders, totaling 9 cohorts and over 425,000 participants in all. The pattern of results was consistent across all cohorts: Less than one percent of first- through third-grade students who scored as poor in reading comprehension were adequate in both decoding and vocabulary. Although poor reading comprehension certainly qualifies as a major problem rather than a myth, the term specific reading comprehension disability is a misnomer: Individuals with problems in reading comprehension that are not attributable to poor word recognition have comprehension problems that are general to language comprehension rather than specific to reading. Implications for assessment and intervention are discussed. PMID:25143666

Spencer, Mercedes; Quinn, Jamie M.; Wagner, Richard K.

2013-01-01

11

The Assessment of Physical and Program Accessibility for Students with Physical (Mobility) Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A checklist and instructions are presented for evaluating the level of accessibility to school buildings, grounds, curricula, technology, and extracurricular activities for students with physical (mobility) disabilities. Legislative mandates (including The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, and Individuals with Disabilities Education Act)…

Peterson, Deana R.

12

Relationship between Mobility Limitations and the Places where Older Adults with Intellectual Disabilities Live  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the population ages, mobility limitations are associated with increased mortality and negative health-related states both in the general population and among people with intellectual disabilities. The influence of mobility limitations upon the lives and lifestyles of people with intellectual disabilities remains poorly understood. Specifically,…

Cleaver, Shaun; Ouellette-Kuntz, Helene; Hunter, Duncan

2008-01-01

13

Perceived neighborhood safety and incident mobility disability among elders: the hazards of poverty  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: We investigated whether lack of perceived neighborhood safety due to crime, or living in high crime neighborhoods was associated with incident mobility disability in elderly populations. We hypothesized that low-income elders and elders at retirement age (65 – 74) would be at greatest risk of mobility disability onset in the face of perceived or measured crime-related safety hazards. METHODS:

Cheryl R Clark; Ichiro Kawachi; Louise Ryan; Karen Ertel; Martha E Fay; Lisa F Berkman

2009-01-01

14

Genome sequencing identifies major causes of severe intellectual disability.  

PubMed

Severe intellectual disability (ID) occurs in 0.5% of newborns and is thought to be largely genetic in origin. The extensive genetic heterogeneity of this disorder requires a genome-wide detection of all types of genetic variation. Microarray studies and, more recently, exome sequencing have demonstrated the importance of de novo copy number variations (CNVs) and single-nucleotide variations (SNVs) in ID, but the majority of cases remain undiagnosed. Here we applied whole-genome sequencing to 50 patients with severe ID and their unaffected parents. All patients included had not received a molecular diagnosis after extensive genetic prescreening, including microarray-based CNV studies and exome sequencing. Notwithstanding this prescreening, 84 de novo SNVs affecting the coding region were identified, which showed a statistically significant enrichment of loss-of-function mutations as well as an enrichment for genes previously implicated in ID-related disorders. In addition, we identified eight de novo CNVs, including single-exon and intra-exonic deletions, as well as interchromosomal duplications. These CNVs affected known ID genes more frequently than expected. On the basis of diagnostic interpretation of all de novo variants, a conclusive genetic diagnosis was reached in 20 patients. Together with one compound heterozygous CNV causing disease in a recessive mode, this results in a diagnostic yield of 42% in this extensively studied cohort, and 62% as a cumulative estimate in an unselected cohort. These results suggest that de novo SNVs and CNVs affecting the coding region are a major cause of severe ID. Genome sequencing can be applied as a single genetic test to reliably identify and characterize the comprehensive spectrum of genetic variation, providing a genetic diagnosis in the majority of patients with severe ID. PMID:24896178

Gilissen, Christian; Hehir-Kwa, Jayne Y; Thung, Djie Tjwan; van de Vorst, Maartje; van Bon, Bregje W M; Willemsen, Marjolein H; Kwint, Michael; Janssen, Irene M; Hoischen, Alexander; Schenck, Annette; Leach, Richard; Klein, Robert; Tearle, Rick; Bo, Tan; Pfundt, Rolph; Yntema, Helger G; de Vries, Bert B A; Kleefstra, Tjitske; Brunner, Han G; Vissers, Lisenka E L M; Veltman, Joris A

2014-07-17

15

Mobile learning: Major challenges for engineering education  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a high demand for engineers to design, produce and develop mobile learning (mLearning) technology. However, there are only a limit number of courses which fully present the correct pathway to develop and construct mLearning courseware. This paper is a report based on documentary research and a needs assessment survey of mLearning, the whole concept being, in many ways,

Poonsri Vate-U-Lan

2008-01-01

16

Use of the Late-Life Function and Disability Instrument to Assess Disability in Major Depression  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES To determine whether there was greater disability in subjects with depression than in those without, the correlation between disability and depression severity and quality of life, and whether improvement in disability after antidepressant pharmacotherapy was greater in those who responded to antidepressant treatment. DESIGN Disability in subjects with and without depression from two different studies was compared for 22 weeks. Correlations were performed for the subjects with depression between disability and depression, anxiety, health-related quality of life (HRQOL), and medical comorbidity. T-tests were used to compare disability between subjects who did and did not respond to antidepressant treatment and change in disability after pharmacotherapy. SETTING Late-life depression research clinic. PARTICIPANTS The 313 subjects were recruited from primary care and the community and were aged 60 and older; 244 subjects were participants in a depression treatment protocol, and 69 subjects without depression participated in a separate longitudinal observational study of the mental and cognitive health of depression-free older adults. MEASUREMENTS The Late-Life Function and Disability Instrument (LL-FDI), a measure of instrumental activity of daily living, personal role, and social role functioning. RESULTS Subjects with depression scored lower than controls for domains measuring limitation (can do) and frequency (does do) of activities. Both disability domains correlated with depression severity, anxiety, HRQOL, and cognition. Disability improved with antidepressant treatment; for partial responders who continued to receive higher-dose antidepressant treatment out to 22 weeks, there was continued improvement, although not to the level of comparison subjects without depression. CONCLUSION The LL-FDI appears to discriminate subjects with depression from those without, correlates with depression severity, and demonstrates sensitivity to antidepressant treatment response. We recommend further investigation of the LL-FDI and similar disability instruments for assessing depression-related disability. PMID:19682111

Karp, Jordan F.; Skidmore, Elizabeth; Lotz, Meredith; Lenze, Eric; Dew, Mary Amanda; Reynolds, Charles F.

2010-01-01

17

Physical Activity Among Persons Aging with Mobility Disabilities: Shaping a Research Agenda  

PubMed Central

With the aging of the baby boomer population and their accompanying burden of disease, future disability rates are expected to increase. This paper summarizes the state of the evidence regarding physical activity and aging for individuals with mobility disability and proposes a healthy aging research agenda for this population. Using a previously published framework, we present evidence in order to compile research recommendations in four areas focusing on older adults with mobility disability: (1) prevalence of physical activity, (2) health benefits of physical activity, (3) correlates of physical activity participation, and, (4) promising physical activity intervention strategies. Overall, findings show a dearth of research examining physical activity health benefits, correlates (demographic, psychological, social, and built environment), and interventions among persons aging with mobility disability. Further research is warranted. PMID:21748010

Rosenberg, Dori E.; Bombardier, Charles H.; Hoffman, Jeanne M.; Belza, Basia

2011-01-01

18

Effects of Functional Mobility Skills Training for Adults with Severe Multiple Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effects of a functional mobility program on the functional standing and walking skills of five adults with developmental disabilities. The Mobility Opportunities Via Education (MOVE) Curriculum was implemented using a multiple-baseline across subjects design. Repeated measures were taken during baseline, intervention…

Whinnery, Stacie B.; Whinnery, Keith W.

2011-01-01

19

Major Research Findings of The University of Kansas Institute for Research in Learning Disabilities  

E-print Network

-Vocabul ary_and Spelling t. and Ross Tests of Higher Co-9JJ) t-ive·· Prqce~ses-Rel_~va_n.t and Irrelevant Information).- -- - ·--- · ·- -·- - · ---- · · · · -- · MAJOR FINDINGS : 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Some behavioral ch'aracteri sti cs differentiate LD... the result of environmental influences. 4. Learning disabilities are unique to childhood rather than a handicap that persists into adolescence and adulthood. 5. Learning disabled individuals are as handicapped in adjusting to community living...

Clark, Frances L.

1981-10-01

20

Accessibility of Health Clubs for People with Mobility Disabilities and Visual Impairments  

PubMed Central

Objective. We sought to examine the accessibility of health clubs to persons with mobility disabilities and visual impairments. Methods. We assessed 35 health clubs and fitness facilities as part of a national field trial of a new instrument, Accessibility Instruments Measuring Fitness and Recreation Environments (AIMFREE), designed to assess accessibility of fitness facilities in the following domains: (1) built environment, (2) equipment, (3) swimming pools, (4) information, (5) facility policies, and (6) professional behavior. Results. All facilities had a low to moderate level of accessibility. Some of the deficiencies concerned specific Americans with Disabilities Act guidelines pertaining to the built environment, whereas other deficiency areas were related to aspects of the facilities’ equipment, information, policies, and professional staff. Conclusions. Persons with mobility disabilities and visual impairments have difficulty accessing various areas of fitness facilities and health clubs. AIMFREE is an important tool for increasing awareness of these accessibility barriers for people with disabilities. PMID:16254234

Rimmer, James H.; Riley, Barth; Wang, Edward; Rauworth, Amy

2005-01-01

21

Attitudes of physical education majors in Turkey towards disability are changed by adaptive physical education training.  

PubMed

This study was designed to investigate the attitudes of university students who are prospective physical education teachers toward individuals with physical disabilities. 47 college students majoring in physical education (Study group) and 34 students from other sports-related departments, i.e., sports management and training (Control group), participated in the study. The study group took a 14-week course on Adapted Physical Education (APE), whereas the control group did not. The Attitude Toward Disabled Persons scale, Form O was used to compare the attitudes of the groups. Analyses showed no significant difference between the groups in terms of attitude towards individuals with physical disabilities at the beginning of the semester but a significant difference at semester end. Results indicated that the APE course positively influenced attitude of the prospective physical education teachers towards individuals with physical disabilities. PMID:17450977

Gürsel, Ferda

2007-02-01

22

Psoriasis causes as much disability as other major medical diseases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Little is known about how the health-related quality of life (HRQL) associated with psoriasis compares with that of other patient populations. Objective: We describe HRQL associated with psoriasis and compare it with HRQL of patients with other major chronic health conditions. A second aim is to identify which specific aspects of psoriasis contribute most to HRQL. Methods: A total

Stephen R. Rapp; Steven R. Feldman; M. Lyn Exum; Alan B. Fleischer; David M. Reboussin

1999-01-01

23

Developmental Disabilities: A Summary of Major Classifications and Glossary of Terms. Parent Awareness Program, 1982-1983. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for use in adult education courses for parents of developmentally disabled children, this manual provides basic information about major categories of disabilities and a glossary of commonly encountered terms. After an introductory overview, the manual provides information about the characteristics and etiology of five disabling

Knudstrup, Katherine; And Others

24

Psychosocial Disability During the Long-term Course of Unipolar Major Depressive Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The goal of this study was to investigate psychosocial disability in relation to depressive symp- tom severity during the long-term course of unipolar ma- jor depressive disorder (MDD). Methods: Monthly ratings of impairment in major life functions and social relationships were obtained during an average of 10 years' systematic follow-up of 371 pa- tients with unipolar MDD in the

Lewis L. Judd; Hagop S. Akiskal; Pamela J. Zeller; Martin Paulus; Andrew C. Leon; Jack D. Maser; Jean Endicott; William Coryell; Jelena L. Kunovac; Timothy I. Mueller; John P. Rice; Martin B. Keller

2000-01-01

25

School Mobility, Dropout, and Graduation Rates across Student Disability Categories in Utah. REL 2015-055  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the characteristics of students with disabilities in Utah public schools, and presents the single-year mobility and dropout rates for students in grades 6-12, as well as the four-year cohort dropout and graduation rates, for students who started grade 9 for the first time in 2007/08 and constituted the 2011 cohort. Results…

Barrat, Vanessa X.; Berliner, BethAnn; Voight, Adam; Tran, Loan; Huang, Chun-Wei; Yu, Airong; Chen-Gaddini, Min

2014-01-01

26

Obstacle Course Training Can Improve Mobility and Prevent Falls in People with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Persons with intellectual disabilities (ID) constitute a special-needs population at high risk of falling. This is the first study to evaluate whether obstacle course training can improve mobility and prevent falls in this population. Methods: The intervention was implemented as part of an institution-wide health care improvement plan…

Van Hanegem, E.; Enkelaar, L.; Smulders, E.; Weerdesteyn, V.

2014-01-01

27

Proposition of a communication system used in mobility by users with physical disabilities, focus on  

E-print Network

on cerebral palsy with athetoid problems Yohan Guerrier, Christophe Kolski Univ Lille Nord de France, F-59000 system of communication for people with cerebral palsy (CP) with athetoid problems. These people have; mobility; Disabled user; Cerebral palsy (CP); Slurred speech; Communication support I. INTRODUCTION

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

28

Mobility Device Use in the United States. Disability Statistics Report 14.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides data on the use of mobility devices in the United States by providing a detailed profile of the population using these devices. It covers their demographic characteristics; health and disability status, including diagnoses and impairments, physical functioning, and activities of daily living; and health insurance status. The…

Kaye, H. Stephen; Kang, Taewoon; LaPlante, Michell P.

29

EVALUATION OF A MOBILE MULTIMODAL SERVICE FOR DISABLED USERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multimodal interfaces make it possible to communicate with services in many different ways, and it is claimed that this freedom is particularly useful for disabled persons. To test this hypothesis we have developed a flexible multimodal interface to a public web-based bus-route information service for the Oslo area. The original service is text-based. Our new interface running on a PDA

Knut Kvale; Narada Warakagoda; Marthin Kristiansen

30

Sensorimotor and psychosocial determinants of 3-year incident mobility disability in middle-aged and older adults  

PubMed Central

Objective: to identify sensorimotor and psychosocial determinants of 3-year incident mobility disability. Design: prospective. Setting: population-based sample of community-dwelling older persons. Participants: community-living middle-aged and older persons (age: 50–85 years) without baseline mobility disability (n = 622). Measurements: mobility disability, defined as self-reported inability to walk a quarter mile without resting or inability to walk up a flight of stairs unsupported, was ascertained at baseline and 3-year follow-up. Potential baseline determinant characteristics included demographics, education, social support, financial condition, knee extensor strength, visual contrast sensitivity, cognition, depression, presence of chronic conditions and history of falls. Results: a total of 13.5% participant reported 3-year incident mobility disability. Age ?75 years, female sex, knee extensor strength in the lowest quartile, visual contrast sensitivity <1.7 on the Pelli-Robson chart or significant depressive symptoms (CESD score >16) were independent determinants of 3-year incident mobility disability (ORs 1.84–16.51). Conclusions: low visual contrast sensitivity, poor knee extensor strength and significant depressive symptoms are independent determinants of future onset of mobility disability. PMID:24042004

Deshpande, Nandini; Metter, Jeffrey E.; Guralnik, Jack; Bandinelli, Stefania; Ferrucci, Luigi

2014-01-01

31

The Effects of Obesity and Mobility Disability in Access to Breast and Cervical Cancer Screening in France: Results from the National Health and Disability Survey  

PubMed Central

Objectives We aimed to disentangle the effects of obesity and mobility limitation on cervical and breast cancer screening among community dwelling women. Methods The data source was the French national Health and Disability Survey - Household Section, 2008. The Body Mass Index (BMI) was used to categorize obesity status. We constructed a continuous score of mobility limitations to assess the severity of disability (Cronbach's alpha?=?0.84). Logistic regressions were performed to examine the association between obesity, mobility limitations and the use of Pap test (n?=?8 133) and the use of mammography (n?=?7 561). Adjusted odds ratios were calculated (AOR). Interaction terms between obesity and the disability score were included in models testing for effect modifications. Results Compared with non-obese women, the odds of having a Pap test in the past 3 years was 24% lower in obese women (AOR?=?0.76; 95% CI: 0.65 to 0.89), the odds of having a mammogram in the past 2 years was 23% lower (AOR?=?0.77; 95% CI: 0.66 to 0.91). Each time the disability score was 5 points higher, the odds of having a Pap test decreases by 20% (AOR?=?0.96; 95% CI: 0.94 to 0.98), the odds of having a mammogram decreases by 25% (AOR?=?0.95; 95% CI: 0.94 to 0.97). There was no significant interaction between obesity and disability score. Conclusion Obesity and mobility limitation are independently associated with a lower likelihood of cervical and breast cancer screening. Protective outreach and follow-up are necessary to reduce inequalities and thus to reduce health disparities in these vulnerable and high-risk populations of obese women with disabilities. PMID:25133662

Bussičre, Clémence; Sicsic, Jonathan; Pelletier-Fleury, Nathalie

2014-01-01

32

Health Status and Health Risks of the "Hidden Majority" of Adults with Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little is known about the health status of and health risks faced by adults with intellectual disability who do not use intellectual disability services. Self-report data collected from 1,022 people with mild intellectual disability in England indicated that people who do not use intellectual disability services are more likely to smoke tobacco…

Emerson, Eric

2011-01-01

33

Predicting 3-year incident mobility disability in middle-aged and older adults using physical performance tests  

PubMed Central

Objectives To identify a standard physical performance test that can predict 3-year incident mobility disability (IMD) independent of demographics Design Longitudinal cohort study Setting Population-based older cohort Participants Community-living middle-aged and older persons (age: 50–85 years) without baseline mobility disability (n=622). Measurements Mobility disability was ascertained at baseline and at 3-year follow-up using an established self-report method: self-reported inability to walk a quarter mile without resting or inability to walk up a flight of stairs unsupported. Physical performance tests included self-selected usual gait speed, time required to complete 5 times sit-to-stand (5tSTS) and 400 m brisk walking. Demographic variables age, sex, height and weight were recorded. Results Overall, 13.5% participants reported 3-year IMD. Usual gait speed <1.2 m/s, requiring >13.6 seconds to complete 5tSTS and completing 400 m at <1.19m/s walking speed were highly predictive of future mobility disability independent of demographics. Conclusions Inability to complete 5tSTS in < 13.7 seconds can be a clinically convenient guideline for monitoring and for further assessment of middle-aged and older persons, in order to prevent or delay future mobility disability. PMID:23164980

Deshpande, Nandini; Metter, E. Jeffrey; Guralnik, Jack; Bandinelli, Stefania; Ferrucci, Luigi

2013-01-01

34

Outdoor Built Environment Barriers and Facilitators to Activity among Midlife and Older Adults with Mobility Disabilities  

PubMed Central

Purpose: To gain better understanding of how the built environment impacts neighborhood-based physical activity among midlife and older adults with mobility disabilities. Design and methods: We conducted in-depth interviews with 35 adults over age 50, which used an assistive device and lived in King County, Washington, U.S. In addition, participants wore Global Positioning Systems (GPS) devices for 3 days prior to the interview. The GPS maps were used as prompts during the interviews. Open coding of the 35 interviews using latent content analysis resulted in key themes and subthemes that achieved consensus between coders. Two investigators independently coded the text of each interview. Results: Participants were on average of 67 years of age (range: 50–86) and predominantly used canes (57%), walkers (57%), or wheelchairs (46%). Key themes pertained to curb ramp availability and condition, sidewalk availability and condition, hills, aesthetics, lighting, ramp availability, weather, presence and features of crosswalks, availability of resting places and shelter on streets, paved or smooth walking paths, safety, and traffic on roads. Implications: A variety of built environment barriers and facilitators to neighborhood-based activity exist for midlife and older adults with mobility disabilities. Preparing our neighborhood environments for an aging population that uses assistive devices will be important to foster independence and health. PMID:23010096

Rosenberg, Dori E.

2013-01-01

35

Stopping to Rest during a 400-meter Walk and Incident Mobility Disability in Older Persons with Functional Limitations  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES To examine the association of stopping to rest during a 400 meter usual-pace walk test (400-MWT) with incident mobility disability in older persons with functional limitations. DESIGN Prospective cohort study SETTING Community-based PARTICIPANTS Four hundred twenty-four participants of the Lifestyle Intervention and Independence for Elders Pilot (LIFE-P) Study aged 70–89 years, having functional limitation (summary score =9 on the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB)), and being able to complete the 400-MWT within 15 minutes. MEASUREMENTS Rest stops during the 400-MWT were recorded. The onset of mobility disability, defined as being unable to complete the 400-MWT or taking more than 15 minutes to do so, was recorded at months 6 and 12. RESULTS Fifty-four (12.7%) participants rested during the 400-MWT at baseline, of whom 37.7% experienced mobility disability during follow-up versus 8.6% of those not stopping to rest. Performing any rest stop was strongly associated with incident mobility disability at follow-up (odds ratio (OR) = 5.4, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 2.7–10.9) after adjustment for age, gender, and clinic site. This association was diminished, but remained statistically significant, after further adjusting for SPPB and the time to complete the 400-MWT simultaneously (OR = 2.6, 95%CI = 1.2–5.9). CONCLUSION Stopping to rest during the 400-MWT is strongly associated with incident mobility disability in non-disabled older persons with functional limitations. Given the prognostic value, rest stops should be recorded as part of the standard assessment protocol for the 400-MWT. PMID:19170785

Vestergaard, Sonja; Patel, Kushang V.; Walkup, Michael P.; Pahor, Marco; Marsh, Anthony P.; Espeland, Mark A.; Studenski, Stephanie; Gill, Thomas M.; Church, Timothy; Guralnik, Jack M.

2008-01-01

36

Problem Solving Therapy and Supportive Therapy in Older Adults with Major Depression and Executive Dysfunction: Effect on Disability  

PubMed Central

Context Older patients with depression and executive dysfunction represent a population with significant disability and high likelihood of failing pharmacotherapy. Objective To examine whether Problem Solving Therapy (PST) reduces disability more than Supportive Therapy (ST) in older patients with depression and executive dysfunction, and whether this effect is mediated by improvement in depressive symptoms. Design Randomized controlled trail, with participant recruitment from 12/02-11/07 and follow-up for 36 weeks. Setting Weill Cornell and University of California, San Francisco. Participants Adults (>59 years) with major depression and executive dysfunction. Intervention 12 sessions of either PST modified for older depressed adults with executive impairment, or ST. Main Outcome Measure Disability as quantified by the World Health Organization Assessment Schedule II (WHODAS II)-12 item form. Results 653 individuals were referred to this study, 221 of whom met criteria and were randomized to PST or ST. PST and ST led to comparable improvement of disability in the first 6 weeks of treatment, but a more prominent reduction in PST participants at weeks 9 and 12. The difference between PST and ST was greater in patients with greater cognitive impairment and higher number of previous episodes. Reduction in disability paralleled reduction in depressive symptoms. The therapeutic advantage of PST over ST in reducing depression was in part due to greater reduction of disability by PST. While disability increased during the 24 weeks following the end of treatment, the advantage of PST over ST-treated patients was retained. Conclusions This study suggests that PST is more effective than ST in reducing disability in older patients with major depression and executive dysfunction, and its benefits were retained after the end of treatment. The clinical value of this finding is that PST may be a treatment alternative in an older patient population likely to be resistant to pharmacotherapy. PMID:21199963

Alexopoulos, George S.; Raue, Patrick J.; Kiosses, Dimitris N.; Mackin, R. Scott; Kanellopoulos, Dora; McCulloch, Charles; Areán, Patricia A.

2010-01-01

37

Reunion Is in Hand: Princeton Enhances a Major Alumni Event with Mobile Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile technology is an effective way of conveying information to alumni, especially during a major event. Alumni appreciate not only access to information in a convenient medium, but also efforts to engage with them through new technology. Like so many of the best ideas at Princeton University, the creation of Reunions Mobile emerged from…

Gossen, Andrew

2009-01-01

38

Designing Clinical Trials of Intervention for Mobility Disability: Results from the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) Pilot Trial  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Clinical trials to assess interventions for mobility disability are critically needed, however data for efficiently designing such trials are lacking. Our results are described from the LIFE pilot clinical trial, in which 424 volunteers aged 70-89 years were randomly assigned to one of two intervent...

39

Knowledge transfer between minority and majority world settings and its application to the World Report on Disability.  

PubMed

The purpose of this paper is to provide commentary on the article entitled Changing practice: Implications of the World Report on Disability for responding to communication disability in underserved populations (Wylie, McAllister, Davidson, & Marshall, 2013). It discusses the need to develop innovative ways to provide more services to the populations in need. Further, it offers two examples that demonstrate knowledge transfer and exchange between Minority and Majority World settings and one example of using technology for service delivery and training that might shed some light on possible solutions. PMID:23323819

Cheng, Li-Rong Lilly

2013-02-01

40

Environmental barriers to and availability of healthy foods for people with mobility disabilities living in urban and suburban neighborhoods. — Measures of the Food Environment  

Cancer.gov

Mojtahedi MC, Boblick P, Rimmer JH, Rowland JL, Jones RA, Braunschweig CL. Environmental barriers to and availability of healthy foods for people with mobility disabilities living in urban and suburban neighborhoods.

41

Using Ecological Momentary Assessment to Monitor Community Participation of People with Mobility-Related Disabilities  

E-print Network

Increased community participation of people with disabilities is a goal of many community-based disability organizations. Researchers used an ecological momentary assessment (EMA) approach to investigate factors that might ...

Gonda, Chiaki

2011-06-27

42

Density and mobility effects of the majority carriers in organic semiconductors under light excitation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study demonstrates that the effect of light excitation on the density and the mobility of the majority carriers can be explored in organic semiconductors by modulated photocurrent spectroscopy. The spectra of phase and amplitude of the modulated photocurrent of pentacene films indicate a significant increase in the density of the photogenerated mobile holes (majority carriers). This increase is accompanied by a comparatively much smaller increase of the steady state photocurrent response which can be reconciled with a decrease in the mobility (?) of holes. The decrease of ? is supported from an unusual increase of the Y/? ratio of the out-of-phase modulated photocurrent (Y) signal to the mobility under light excitation. It is proposed that the mobile holes, which are generated from the dissociation of the light-created excitons more likely near the pentacene-substrate interface by electron trapping, populate grain boundaries charging them and producing a downward band bending. As a result, potential energy barriers are build up which limit the transport of holes interacting through trapping-detrapping with deep partially occupied traps in the charged grain boundaries. On the other hand, the transport of holes interacting through trapping-detrapping with empty traps is found unaffected.

Vagenas, N.; Giannopoulou, A.; Kounavis, P.

2015-01-01

43

Implementing Applied Behavior Analysis for Effective Orientation and Mobility Instruction of Students with Multiple Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Working with children who have multiple disabilities that include visual impairments can be especially challenging. Many disabling conditions manifest into behavioral difficulties that may take away from learning. Acting out may be a student's way of expressing a lack of healthy coping mechanisms in relation to his or her environment. Implementing…

O'Mea, Melanie L.

2013-01-01

44

Trial Development of a Mobile Feeding Assistive Robotic Arm for People with Physical Disabilities of the Extremities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A mobile feeding assistive robotic arm for people with physical disabilities of the extremities has been developed in this paper. This system is composed of a robotic arm, microcontroller, and its interface. The main unit of the robotic arm can be contained in a laptop computer's briefcase. Its weight is 5kg, including two 12-V lead acid rechargeable batteries. This robotic arm can be also mounted on a wheelchair. To verify performance of the mobile robotic arm system, drinking tea task was experimentally performed by two able-bodied subjects as well as three persons suffering from muscular dystrophy. From the experimental results, it was clear that they could smoothly carry out the drinking task, and that the robotic arm could firmly grasp a commercially available 500-ml plastic bottle. The eating task was also performed by the two able-bodied subjects. The experimental results showed that they could eat porridge by using a spoon without any difficulty.

Uehara, Hideyuki; Higa, Hiroki; Soken, Takashi; Namihira, Yoshinori

45

Mobility Limitations Negatively Impact Work Outcomes among Medicaid Enrollees with Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction  Fear of losing health insurance is believed to be a significant work barrier for people with disabilities in the US. We examined\\u000a the relationship of different types of daily activity limitations to work outcomes among adults with a variety of disabling\\u000a conditions for whom the risk of losing health insurance has been removed by enrolling in a Medicaid buy-in (MBI)

Alexis D. Henry; Steven Banks; Robin Clark; Jay Himmelstein

2007-01-01

46

"It's been a long journey": Exploring educationally mobile students' transition into STEM majors at a university  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Today, one third of all college students are considered educationally "mobile," which means they will change institutions during their undergraduate careers. The concept of educational mobility challenges the traditional idea of students moving through an educational pipeline in a linear fashion, and recognizes that many of today's students, including those in STEM fields (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics), will have multiple transition points. The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine the transitional experiences of educationally mobile students moving into and through the STEM disciplines at a public university. Students who move from one educational environment to another undergo a significant transition process, and understanding this process for individual students and the institution's role in supporting transition has implications for educational policy. Grounded in the conceptual framework guided by Schlossberg's Transition Theory, and Swail, Redd, and Perna's Geometric Model for Student Persistence and Achievement, this study explores the following research question: How do students who are educationally mobile experience academic, social, and institutional support while transitioning into and through STEM disciplines at a four-year public university? Eighteen science and mathematics majors participated in this study, all of whom attended at least one institution of higher education prior to their current attendance at Mountain View University, a four-year comprehensive Hispanic Serving Institution (HSI) in Southern California. Participants were interviewed utilizing a semi-structured interview protocol and completed a demographic questionnaire as well. Trustworthiness measures included member checking and peer debriefing. The findings of this study show that educationally mobile students are savvy agents of their education, and make personal and professional sacrifices in their pursuit of a STEM degree. They want to connect to like-minded individuals on campus, and make efforts to seek help. Findings also show that institutional agents play an important role in helping educationally mobile students navigate institutional obstacles in the transition process. Recommendations include increased dialogue about articulation and the transfer processes among institutions, engaging in more consistent advising practices (both at the community college and the university), enabling purposeful social interactions during the transition process, and researching disaggregated populations of educationally mobile students.

Arreygue, Aimee

47

The reliability of balance, mobility and self-care measures in a population of adults with a learning disability known to a physiotherapy service  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To estimate the reliability of three measures of balance, mobility and activity for use in clinical and research physiotherapy, with adults with a learning disability.Design: Prospective study to investigate test-retest and inter-rater reliability.Setting: Participants' homes and day centres.Measures: The Berg Balance Scale (BBS), the Rivermead Mobility Index (RMI) and the Barthel Activities of Daily Living Index (BI).Participants: Of the

Cath Sackley; Patricia Richardson; Karen McDonnell; Sonia Ratib; Michael Dewey; Helen J Hill

2005-01-01

48

Prevalence of Major Mental Retardation and Associated Disabilities in the Canadian Maritime Provinces.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Regional prevalence of major mental retardation in 7- to 10-year-olds in a cross-sectional survey of the Canadian Maritime Provinces (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island) was 3.65/1000. Variation in prevalence rate was associated with maternal age, areas of greater population concentration, and number of physicians per capita.…

McQueen, P. Cameron; And Others

1987-01-01

49

Follow that Bear! Encouraging Mobility in a Young Child with Visual Impairment and Multiple Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article shows that unexpected gains can happen when teachers develop aggressive, innovative, and adaptive orientation and mobility (O&M) programming for children who are low-functioning. A case study illustrates strategies for using an adaptive mobility device, squaring-up, stepping out, and charting progress. Challenges to a successful O&M…

Tolla, Joan

2000-01-01

50

Use of myoelectric signals to command mobile entertainment robot by disabled children: Design and control architecture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Severely disabled children have little chance of environmental and social exploration and discovery. This lack of interaction and independency may lead to an idea that they are unable to do anything by themselves. In an attempt to help children in this situation, educational robotics can offer and aid, once it can provide them a certain degree of independency in the

Humberto Ferasoli-Filho; Marco Antonio Corbucci Caldeira; Rene Pegoraro; Silas Franco dos Reis Alves; Carlos Valadao; Teodiano Freire Bastos-Filho

2012-01-01

51

Major mishaps among mobile offshore drilling units, 1955-1981: time trends and fatalities.  

PubMed

Major mishaps among mobile offshore drilling units worldwide from 1955-1981 were identified from industry and government sources. Based on annual numbers of rigs in service and typical staffing patterns, annual mishap rates and fatality rates for rig types and mishap categories were computed. While the frequency of major mishaps has increased in recent years, the mishap rate per 100 rig-years of service has remained stable. The overall stability obscures the fact that jack-up rigs have had an increasing mishap rate while the rate for other rig types combined has gradually declined. Although the fatal mishap rate has also remained constant, the annual fatality rate per 100 000 full time equivalent (FTE) workers has risen sharply. This can be attributed to increasing numbers of lives lost in environmental mishaps while deaths from operational mishaps have declined. There were 344 fatalities during the 27-year period. Although an average of some 13 deaths per year worldwide appears minimal, the relatively small size of the workforce gives this number significance particularly when it is noted that 'occupational' fatalities, those occurring in the course of routine operations, are not included. The overall fatality rate secondary to major mishaps was 84.3 per 100 000 FTE worker-years. PMID:3988424

Clemmer, D I; Diem, J E

1985-03-01

52

Major trends in mobility technology research and development: Overview of the results of the NSF-WTEC European study  

PubMed Central

Mobility technologies, including wheelchairs, prostheses, joint replacements, assistive devices, and therapeutic exercise equipment help millions of people participate in desired life activities. Yet, these technologies are not yet fully transformative because many desired activities cannot be pursued or are difficult to pursue for the millions of individuals with mobility related impairments. This WTEC study, initiated and funded by the National Science Foundation, was designed to gather information on European innovations and trends in technology that might lead to greater mobility for a wider range of people. What might these transformative technologies be and how might they arise? Based on visits to leading mobility technology research labs in western Europe, the WTEC panel identified eight major trends in mobility technology research. This commentary summarizes these trends, which are then described in detail in companion papers appearing in this special issue. PMID:22520596

2012-01-01

53

Cognitive dysfunction as a major determinant of disability in patients with heart failure: results from a multicentre survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cognitive dysfunction is a frequent finding among older patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction; however, the clinical outcomes of such a finding are unknown. Also, disability is a common condition in heart failure, poorly responding to commonly used cardiovascular medications. The association between cognitive dysfunction and disability was assessed in 1583 patients with heart failure, but without cerebrovascular disease, previous

G Zuccalŕ; G Onder; C Pedone; A Cocchi; L Carosella; C Cattel; P U Carbonin; R Bernabei

2001-01-01

54

Work disability remains a major problem in rheumatoid arthritis in the 2000s: data from 32 countries in the QUEST-RA Study  

PubMed Central

Introduction Work disability is a major consequence of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), associated not only with traditional disease activity variables, but also more significantly with demographic, functional, occupational, and societal variables. Recent reports suggest that the use of biologic agents offers potential for reduced work disability rates, but the conclusions are based on surrogate disease activity measures derived from studies primarily from Western countries. Methods The Quantitative Standard Monitoring of Patients with RA (QUEST-RA) multinational database of 8,039 patients in 86 sites in 32 countries, 16 with high gross domestic product (GDP) (>24K US dollars (USD) per capita) and 16 low-GDP countries (<11K USD), was analyzed for work and disability status at onset and over the course of RA and clinical status of patients who continued working or had stopped working in high-GDP versus low-GDP countries according to all RA Core Data Set measures. Associations of work disability status with RA Core Data Set variables and indices were analyzed using descriptive statistics and regression analyses. Results At the time of first symptoms, 86% of men (range 57%-100% among countries) and 64% (19%-87%) of women <65 years were working. More than one third (37%) of these patients reported subsequent work disability because of RA. Among 1,756 patients whose symptoms had begun during the 2000s, the probabilities of continuing to work were 80% (95% confidence interval (CI) 78%-82%) at 2 years and 68% (95% CI 65%-71%) at 5 years, with similar patterns in high-GDP and low-GDP countries. Patients who continued working versus stopped working had significantly better clinical status for all clinical status measures and patient self-report scores, with similar patterns in high-GDP and low-GDP countries. However, patients who had stopped working in high-GDP countries had better clinical status than patients who continued working in low-GDP countries. The most significant identifier of work disability in all subgroups was Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) functional disability score. Conclusions Work disability rates remain high among people with RA during this millennium. In low-GDP countries, people remain working with high levels of disability and disease activity. Cultural and economic differences between societies affect work disability as an outcome measure for RA. PMID:20226018

2010-01-01

55

The Use of Mobile Phones by Itinerant Teachers of Students with Visual Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of mobile telephones by 25 itinerant teachers in Texas was evaluated. Factors considered included time management, costs, changes in use of various types of telephones, and feelings of security. With one outgoing call per day, teachers saved enough time to accumulate the equivalent of one week's service each year to their students.…

Corn, A. L.; And Others

1994-01-01

56

Racial variation in the relationship of anemia with mortality and mobility disability among older adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anemia is more common among older blacks than older whites. However, it is unclear whether anemia predicts adverse events similarly in both races. Data on 1018 black and 1583 white adults aged 71 to 82 years were analyzed. Anemia, as defined by World Health Organization (WHO) criteria, was used to predict mortal- ity over 6 years and incidence of mobility

Kushang V. Patel; Tamara B. Harris; Marion Faulhaber; Sara B. Angleman; Stephanie Connelly; Douglas C. Bauer; Lewis H. Kuller; Anne B. Newman; Jack M. Guralnik; J.-Y. Zhang; Z. Zhang; X. Wang; J.-L. Fu; J. Yao; Y. Jiao; L. Chen; H. Zhang; J. Wei; L. Jin; M. Shi; G. F. Gao; H. Wu; F.-S. Wang; W. G. Wierda; S. O'Brien; S. Faderl; A. Ferrajoli; K.-A. Do; J. Cortes; D. Thomas; G. Garcia-Manero; C. Koller; M. Beran; F. Giles; F. Ravandi; S. Lerner; H. Kantarjian; M. Keating; R. Hehlmann; U. Berger; M. Pfirrmann; H. Heimpel; A. Hochhaus; J. Hasford; H.-J. Kolb; T. Lahaye; O. Maywald; A. Reiter; D. K. Hossfeld; C. Huber; H. Loffler; H. Pralle; W. Queisser; A. Tobler; C. Nerl; M. Solenthaler; M. E. Goebeler; M. Griesshammer; T. Fischer; S. Kremers; H. Eimermacher; M. Pfreundschuh; W.-D. Hirschmann; K. Lechner; B. Wassmann; C. Falge; H. H. Kirchner

2007-01-01

57

Major discoveries in eolian sandstone: facies distribution and stratigraphy of Jurassic Norphlet sandstone, Mobile Bay, Alabama  

SciTech Connect

Recent exploratory and development drilling in Mobile Bay, southwest Alabama, has proven prolific gas production from the Norphlet sandstone at depths greater than 20,000 ft with individual well tests of 10-27 MMCFGD. Excellent reservoir qualities are a function of preserved primary porosity and permeability developed in an eolian setting. In Mobile Bay, thick eolian sediments (200-600 ft) lie directly on Pine Hill or Louann evaporites. Three facies of the Norphlet have been recognized: (1) a thin (20-30 ft) basal wet sand flat or sabkha facies, (2) a massive dune facies, and (3) a thin (30-40 ft) upper marine reworked facies. The wet sand flat or sabkha facies is characterized by irregular to wavy horizontally bedded sandstone associated with adhesion ripples. It is probably sporadically developed in response to localized wet lows during earliest Norphlet deposition. The majority of the Norphlet section is characterized by massive wedge-planar and tabular-planar cross-stratified sandstone, interpreted to be stacked dune and dry interdune deposits. Individual dune sets range in height from a few feet to 90 ft. Cross-bed sets exhibit internal stratification patterns similar to large- and small-scale dunes described by G. Kocurek and R. Dott, Jr. The marine reworked facies is characterized by structureless to diffuse or wavy laminated sandstone that reflects a reworking of the dune deposits by the ensuing Smackover transgression. Reservoir quality is affected by textural properties determined by depositional processes associated with these various facies. Diagenetic patterns further reducing reservoir quality occur in the depositionally less-porous sediments. Dune facies sediments exhibit the best reservoir qualities. Variations of reservoir quality within the dune facies are related to dune height and dune versus interdune accumulations.

Levy, J.B.

1985-02-01

58

Mobilization of major inorganic ions during experimental diagenesis of characterized peats  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Laboratory experiments were undertaken to study changes in concentrations of major inorganic ions during simulated burial of peats to about 1.5 km. Cladium, Rhizophora, and Cyrilla peats were first analyzed to determine cation distributions among fractions of the initial materials and minerals in residues from wet oxidation. Subsamples of the peats (80 g) were then subjected to increasing temperatures and pressures in steps of 5??C and 300 psi at 2-day intervals and produced solutions collected. After six steps, starting from 30??C and 300 psi, a final temperature of 60??C and a final pressure of 2100 psi were achieved. The system was then allowed to stand for an additional 2 weeks at 60??C and 2100 psi. Treatments resulted in highly altered organic solids resembling lignite and expelled solutions of systematically varying compositions. Solutions from each step were analyzed for Na+, Ca2+, Mg2+, total dissolved Si (Si(T)), Cl-, SO42-, and organic acids and anions (OAAs). Some data on total dissolved Al (Al(T)) were also collected. Mobilization of major ions from peats during these experiments is controlled by at least three processes: (1) loss of dissolved ions in original porewater expelled during compaction, (2) loss of adsorbed cations as adsorption sites are lost during modification of organic solids, and (3) increased dissolution of inorganic phases at later steps due to increased temperatures (Si(T)) and increased complexing by OAAs (Al(T)). In general, results provide insight into early post-burial inorganic changes occurring during maturation of terrestrial organic matter. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Bailey, A.M.; Cohen, A.D.; Orem, W.H.; Blackson, J.H.

2000-01-01

59

Multi-pollutant mobile platform measurements of air pollutants adjacent to a major roadway  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A mobile monitoring platform developed at the University of Washington Center for Clean Air Research (CCAR) measured 10 pollutant metrics (10 s measurements at an average speed of 22 km/h) in two neighborhoods bordering a major interstate in Albuquerque, NM, USA from April 18-24 2012. 5 days of data sharing a common downwind orientation with respect to the roadway were analyzed. The aggregate results show a three-fold increase in black carbon (BC) concentrations within 10 m of the edge of roadway, in addition to elevated nanoparticle concentration and particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter <1 ?m (PN1) concentrations. A 30% reduction in ozone concentration near the roadway was observed, anti-correlated with an increase in the oxides of nitrogen (NOx). In this study, the pollutants measured have been expanded to include polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), particle size distribution (0.25-32 ?m), and ultra-violet absorbing particulate matter (UVPM). The raster sampling scheme combined with spatial and temporal measurement alignment provide a measure of variability in the near roadway concentrations, and allow us to use a principal component analysis to identify multi-pollutant features and analyze their roadway influences.

Riley, Erin A.; Banks, Lyndsey; Fintzi, Jonathan; Gould, Timothy R.; Hartin, Kris; Schaal, LaNae; Davey, Mark; Sheppard, Lianne; Larson, Timothy; Yost, Michael G.; Simpson, Christopher D.

2014-12-01

60

Multi-pollutant mobile platform measurements of air pollutants adjacent to a major roadway.  

PubMed

A mobile monitoring platform developed at the University of Washington Center for Clean Air Research (CCAR) measured 10 pollutant metrics (10 s measurements at an average speed of 22 km/hr) in two neighborhoods bordering a major interstate in Albuquerque, NM, USA from April 18-24 2012. 5 days of data sharing a common downwind orientation with respect to the roadway were analyzed. The aggregate results show a three-fold increase in black carbon (BC) concentrations within 10 meters of the edge of roadway, in addition to elevated nanoparticle concentration and particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter < 1 ?m (PN1) concentrations. A 30% reduction in ozone concentration near the roadway was observed, anti-correlated with an increase in the oxides of nitrogen (NOx). In this study, the pollutants measured have been expanded to include polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), particle size distribution (0.25-32 ?m), and ultra-violet absorbing particulate matter (UVPM). The raster sampling scheme combined with spatial and temporal measurement alignment provide a measure of variability in the near roadway concentrations, and allow us to use a principal component analysis to identify multi-pollutant features and analyze their roadway influences. PMID:25364294

Riley, Erin A; Banks, Lyndsey; Fintzi, Jonathan; Gould, Timothy R; Hartin, Kris; Schaal, LaNae; Davey, Mark; Sheppard, Lianne; Larson, Timothy; Yost, Michael G; Simpson, Christopher D

2014-12-01

61

A comparative study of the mobile population in Wuhan and other major cities.  

PubMed

This study examined population mobility among residents of 5 cities in China: Wuhan, Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, and Shenzhen. Data were obtained from the 1995 Sample Survey of 1% of Wuhan Population and provincial Statistical Yearbooks. The total mobile population in China has increased from 20-80 million during 1982-95. Shanghai is the largest Chinese city. Beijing has a large proportion of international and internal migrants. Guangzhou is a capital city that was the first to adopt economic reforms. Migration fueled development in Shenzhen. A larger mobile population was related to larger population density. The mobile population was 20% in all cities, 30% of central city population, and 140.5% of the central city of Shenzhen. Beijing and Shanghai had the highest growth rates. Construction accounts for the largest percentage of business-related mobile population in Wuhan, Beijing, and Shanghai. Manufacturing accounts for the largest percentage in Guangzhou and Shenzhen. Most of the mobile population in capital cities such as Wuhan and Guangzhou, originates from within the provinces. The largest percentage of mobile population in Beijing and Shanghai come from adjacent provinces. Guangzhou receives many migrants from adjacent Hong Kong, Macao, and Taiwan. 47.8-78.8% of mobile population were farmers. More migrants are men. Educational levels are low. The mobile population contributes to industry and informational/cultural exchange. The migrants detract from urban areas in population pressure on housing and services, shortages of employment, illegal activities and crime, and unplanned births. PMID:12294143

Zeng, Y

1997-01-01

62

Downward Social Mobility and Major Depressive Episodes Among Latino and Asian-American Immigrants to the United States  

PubMed Central

The authors analyzed the association between downward social mobility in subjective social status among 3,056 immigrants to the United States and the odds of a major depressive episode. Using data from the National Latino and Asian American Study (2002–2003), the authors examined downward mobility by comparing immigrants’ subjective social status in their country of origin with their subjective social status in the United States. The dependent variable was the occurrence of a past-year episode of major depression defined according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, criteria. Logistic regression models were used to control for a variety of sociodemographic and immigration-related characteristics. Analyses suggested that a loss of at least 3 steps in subjective social status is associated with increased risk of a depressive episode (odds ratio?=?3.0, 95% confidence interval: 1.3, 6.6). Other factors independently associated with greater odds of depression included Latino ethnicity, female sex, having resided for a longer time in the United States, and being a US citizen. The findings suggest that immigrants who experience downward social mobility are at elevated risk of major depression. Policies or interventions focused only on immigrants of low social status may miss another group at risk: those who experience downward mobility from a higher social status. PMID:19671834

Burgard, Sarah A.

2009-01-01

63

Rationale and design of a randomized controlled, clinical trial investigating a comprehensive exercise stimulus for improving mobility disability outcomes in persons with multiple sclerosis.  

PubMed

This randomized controlled trial (RCT) examines the effect of a comprehensive exercise training stimulus on physiological function and mobility disability (i.e., problems walking) in individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS) who have walking impairment. This trial will recruit 30 persons with MS across central Illinois who have an Expanded Disability Status Scale score between 4.0 and 6.0, and those persons will be randomized into either the intervention or control arm of the study; the participants will not be blinded regarding group assignment. The intervention will incorporate equal amounts of aerobic, resistance, and balance modes of training delivered 3 times/week with a gradual progression of duration and intensity across a 6-month period. The control will involve stretching along with minimal muscle strengthening stimuli and will be delivered on the same frequency and duration. The primary outcomes will be clinical, kinematic, patient-rated, and physiological measures of mobility disability. The secondary outcomes will be measures of physiological function including aerobic capacity, muscle strength, and balance. This study will lay the foundation for the design of a subsequent Phase II or Phase III RCT by (a) providing effect sizes that can be included in a power analysis for sample size estimation and (b) investigating whether aerobic capacity, muscle strength, and balance are possible factors associated with the beneficial effect of exercise training on walking outcomes. Taken as a whole, the proposed study and our subsequent research agenda has the potential for advancing the management of mobility disability using exercise training in the 2nd stage of MS. PMID:23542419

Motl, Robert W; Pilutti, Lara A; Sandroff, Brian M; Klaren, Rachel; Balantrapu, Swathi; McAuley, Edward; Sosnoff, Jacob J; Fernhall, Bo

2013-05-01

64

Mobilization of major and trace constituents of highway runoff in groundwater potentially caused by deicing chemical migration  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The quality of water in unsaturated zones and groundwater is affected by the major ions in deicing chemicals applied to roads and highways. The assessment of the environmental effects of highway runoff requires investigations to determine whether other major and trace constituents are mobilized during deicing chemical migration through the unsaturated zone and groundwater. In this regard, groundwater samples were analyzed in February and August 1991, and March, August, and November 1993 at a test site along Route 25 in southeastern Massachusetts. Analyses indicated that concentrations of major and trace chemical constituents of highway runoff in groundwater are substantially higher downgradient than upgradient from the highway.

Granato, Gregory E.; Church, Peter E.; Stone, Victoria J.

1995-01-01

65

14 CFR 382.121 - What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring into the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-01-01 false What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers... Stowage of Wheelchairs, Other Mobility Aids, and Other Assistive Devices § 382.121 What mobility aids and other assistive devices may...

2012-01-01

66

14 CFR 382.121 - What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring into the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-01-01 false What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers... Stowage of Wheelchairs, Other Mobility Aids, and Other Assistive Devices § 382.121 What mobility aids and other assistive devices may...

2014-01-01

67

14 CFR 382.121 - What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring into the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 false What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers... Stowage of Wheelchairs, Other Mobility Aids, and Other Assistive Devices § 382.121 What mobility aids and other assistive devices may...

2013-01-01

68

14 CFR 382.121 - What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring into the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-01-01 false What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers... Stowage of Wheelchairs, Other Mobility Aids, and Other Assistive Devices § 382.121 What mobility aids and other assistive devices may...

2011-01-01

69

14 CFR 382.121 - What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring into the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers... Stowage of Wheelchairs, Other Mobility Aids, and Other Assistive Devices § 382.121 What mobility aids and other assistive devices may...

2010-01-01

70

Major discoveries in eolian sandstone: facies distribution and stratigraphy of Jurassic Norphlet sandstone, Mobile Bay, Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent exploratory and development drilling in Mobile Bay, southwest Alabama, has proven prolific gas production from the Norphlet sandstone at depths greater than 20,000 ft with individual well tests of 10-27 MMCFGD. Excellent reservoir qualities are a function of preserved primary porosity and permeability developed in an eolian setting. In Mobile Bay, thick eolian sediments (200-600 ft) lie directly on

Joel B. Levy

1985-01-01

71

IBM recently unveiled MobileFirst, a major initiative to develop mobile-related technologies and products that include security, analytics, mobile app development, and cloud-based backend services. MobileFirst  

E-print Network

and products that include security, analytics, mobile app development, and cloud-based backend services. Mobile candidates will have experience performing world-class research on mobile apps or backends, but we are happy includes both the core MBaaS design, as well as services tailored for mobile apps, e.g., location, identity

Plotkin, Joshua B.

72

Mobile applications for participation at the shopping mall: content analysis and usability for persons with physical disabilities and communication or cognitive limitations.  

PubMed

The aim of this exploratory study was to determine the important features in content and usability of existing mobile applications evaluating environmental barriers and facilitators (EBF) to participation for persons with physical disabilities presenting mild communication or cognitive limitations. A rigorous process based on a user-centered design approach led to the identification of two relevant mobile applications to evaluate the EBF. An accessibility expert, the research team as well as five users then tested the mobile applications in a shopping mall. A thematic content analysis of the research team's and users' comments established 10 categories of key features that adequately respond to the needs of the clientele targeted in this study. In terms of content, granularity and contextualization of the information provided were considered important. With respect to usability, relevant features were place finding, rating system, presentation of results, compatibility, user-friendliness, aesthetics, credibility of the information as well as connectivity/interactiveness. The research team and the users agreed on some aspects such as aesthetics, but had different perspectives on features such as the rating system or the connectivity/interactiveness of the application. The users proposed new features suggesting that the existing mobile applications did not correspond to all their needs. PMID:25513999

Auger, Claudine; Leduc, Emilie; Labbé, Delphine; Guay, Cassioppée; Fillion, Brigitte; Bottari, Carolina; Swaine, Bonnie

2014-01-01

73

Mobile applications for participation at the shopping mall: content analysis and usability for persons with physical disabilities and communication or cognitive limitations.  

PubMed

The aim of this exploratory study was to determine the important features in content and usability of existing mobile applications evaluating environmental barriers and facilitators (EBF) to participation for persons with physical disabilities presenting mild communication or cognitive limitations. A rigorous process based on a user-centered design approach led to the identification of two relevant mobile applications to evaluate the EBF. An accessibility expert, the research team as well as five users then tested the mobile applications in a shopping mall. A thematic content analysis of the research team's and users' comments established 10 categories of key features that adequately respond to the needs of the clientele targeted in this study. In terms of content, granularity and contextualization of the information provided were considered important. With respect to usability, relevant features were place finding, rating system, presentation of results,compatibility, user-friendliness, aesthetics, credibility of the information as well as connectivity/interactiveness. The research team and the users agreed on some aspects such as aesthetics, but had different perspectives on features such as the rating system or the connectivity/interactiveness of the application. The users proposed new features suggesting that the existing mobile applications did not correspond to all their needs. PMID:25587605

Auger, Claudine; Leduc, Emilie; Labbé, Delphine; Guay, Cassioppée; Fillion, Brigitte; Bottari, Carolina; Swaine, Bonnie

2014-12-01

74

Designing Clinical Trials of Interventions for Mobility Disability: Results from the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders Pilot (LIFE-P) Trial  

PubMed Central

Background Clinical trials to assess interventions for mobility disability are critically needed; however, data for efficiently designing such trials are lacking. Methods Results are described from a pilot clinical trial in which 424 volunteers aged 70–89 years were randomly assigned to one of two interventions -- physical activity or a healthy aging education program -- and followed for a planned minimum of 12 months. We evaluated the longitudinal distributions of four standardized outcomes to contrast how they may serve as primary outcomes of future clinical trials: ability to walk 400 meters, ability to walk 4 meters in ?10 seconds, a physical performance battery, and a questionnaire focused on physical function. Results Changes in all four outcomes were inter-related over time. The ability to walk 400 meters as a dichotomous outcome provided the smallest sample size projections (i.e. appeared to be the most efficient outcome). It loaded most heavily on the underlying latent variable in structural equation modeling with a weight of 80%. A four-year trial based on the outcome of 400 meter walk is projected to require N = 962 to 2,234 to detect an intervention effect of 30% to 20% with 90% power. Conclusions Future clinical trials of interventions designed to influence mobility disability may have greater efficiency if they adopt the ability to complete a 400 meter walk as their primary outcome. PMID:18000143

Espeland, Mark A.; Gill, Thomas M.; Guralnik, Jack; Miller, Michael E.; Fielding, Roger; Newman, Anne B.; Pahor, Marco

2008-01-01

75

Mobility and fluxes of major, minor and trace metals during basalt weathering and groundwater transport at Mt. Etna volcano (Sicily)  

SciTech Connect

The concentrations and fluxes of major, minor and trace metals were determined in 53 samples of groundwaters from around Mt. Etna, in order to evaluate the conditions and extent of alkali basalt weathering by waters enriched in magma-derived CO{sub 2} and the contribution of aqueous transport to the overall metal discharge of the volcano. The authors show that gaseous input of magmatic volatile metals into the Etnean aquifer is small or negligible, being limited by cooling of the rising fluids. Basalt leaching by weakly acidic, CO{sub 2}-charged water is the overwhelming source of metals and appears to be more extensive in two sectors of the S-SW (Paterno) and E (Zafferana) volcano flanks, where out flowing groundwaters are the richest in metals and bicarbonate of magmatic origin. Thermodynamic modeling of the results allows evaluation of the relative mobility and chemical speciation of various elements during their partitioning between solid and liquid phases through the weathering process. At Mt. Etna, poorly mobile elements (Al, Th, Fe) are preferentially retained in the solid residue of weathering, while alkalis, alkaline earth and oxo-anion-forming elements (As, Se, Sb, Mo) are more mobile and released to the aqueous system. Transition metals display an intermediate behavior and are strongly dependent on either the redox conditions (Mn, Cr, V) or solid surface-related processes (V, Zn, Cu).

Aiuppa, A.; Allard, P.; D'Alessandro, W.; Michel, A.; Parello, F.; Treuil, M.; Valenza, M.

2000-06-01

76

As a condition for the issuance of a disability cart permit for your cart, which you have been approved for to accommodate your mobility transport needs, and for any subsequent renewals or extensions of  

E-print Network

NOT use a mobile phone (talking, texting, or viewing) while driving a cart. 8) Do NOT exceed the posted application. Rules and Regulations: 1) Do NOT drive or park the cart in any arcade or within a Vehicle, pathways, dumpsters, or thoroughfares. DISABILITY CART PERMIT AGREEMENT #12;6) Do NOT drive the cart any

Raymond, Jennifer L.

77

Intellectual Disability  

MedlinePLUS

... getting ready! Back to top What is an Intellectual Disability? Intellectual disability is a term used when a ... cannot learn. Back to top What Causes an Intellectual Disability? Doctors have found many causes of intellectual disabilities. ...

78

Learning Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

NINDS Learning Disabilities Information Page Table of Contents (click to jump to sections) What are Learning Disabilities? Is there ... Trials Organizations Additional resources from MedlinePlus What are Learning Disabilities? Learning disabilities are disorders that affect the ...

79

Mobility and fluxes of major, minor and trace metals during basalt weathering and groundwater transport at Mt. Etna volcano (Sicily)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The concentrations and fluxes of major, minor and trace metals were determined in 53 samples of groundwaters from around Mt Etna, in order to evaluate the conditions and extent of alkali basalt weathering by waters enriched in magma-derived CO 2 and the contribution of aqueous transport to the overall metal discharge of the volcano. We show that gaseous input of magmatic volatile metals into the Etnean aquifer is small or negligible, being limited by cooling of the rising fluids. Basalt leaching by weakly acidic, CO 2-charged water is the overwhelming source of metals and appears to be more extensive in two sectors of the S-SW (Paternň) and E (Zafferana) volcano flanks, where out flowing groundwaters are the richest in metals and bicarbonate of magmatic origin. Thermodynamic modeling of the results allows to evaluate the relative mobility and chemical speciation of various elements during their partitioning between solid and liquid phases through the weathering process. The facts that rock-forming minerals and groundmass dissolve at different rates and secondary minerals are formed are taken into account. At Mt. Etna, poorly mobile elements (Al, Th, Fe) are preferentially retained in the solid residue of weathering, while alkalis, alkaline earth and oxo-anion-forming elements (As, Se, Sb, Mo) are more mobile and released to the aqueous system. Transition metals display an intermediate behavior and are strongly dependent on either the redox conditions (Mn, Cr, V) or solid surface-related processes (V, Zn, Cu). The fluxes of metals discharged by the volcanic aquifer of Etna range from 7.0 × 10 -3 t/a (Th) to 7.3 × 10 4 t/a (Na). They are comparable in magnitude to the summit crater plume emissions for a series of elements (Na, K, Ca, Mg, U, V, Li) with lithophile affinity, but are minor for volatile elements. Basalt weathering at Mt Etna also consumes about 2.1 × 10 5 t/a of magma-derived carbon dioxide, equivalent to ca. 7% of contemporaneous crater plume emissions. The considerable transport of some metals in Etna's aquifer reflects a particularly high chemical erosion rate, evaluated at 2.3?10 5 t/a, enhanced by the initial acidity of magmatic CO 2-rich groundwater.

Aiuppa, Alessandro; Allard, Patrick; D'Alessandro, Walter; Michel, Agnes; Parello, Francesco; Treuil, Michel; Valenza, Mariano

2000-06-01

80

Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilization for Gene Therapy: Superior Mobilization by the Combination of Granulocyte–Colony Stimulating Factor Plus Plerixafor in Patients with ?-Thalassemia Major  

PubMed Central

Abstract Successful stem cell gene therapy requires high numbers of genetically engineered hematopoietic stem cells collected using optimal mobilization strategies. Here we focus on stem cell mobilization strategies for thalassemia and present the results of a plerixafor-based mobilization trial with emphasis on the remobilization with granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF)+plerixafor in those patients who had previously failed mobilization. Plerixafor rapidly mobilized CD34+ cells without inducing hyperleukocytosis; however, 35% of patients failed to reach the target cell dose of ?6×106 CD34+ cells/kg. Four subjects who failed on either plerixafor or G-CSF were remobilized with G-CSF+plerixafor. The combination proved highly synergistic; the target cell dose was readily reached and the per-apheresis yield was significantly increased over initial mobilization, ultimately resulting in single-apheresis collections, despite a more than 50% reduction of the dose of G-CSF in splenectomized patients to avoid hyperleukocytosis. The total stem and progenitor cells mobilized in G-CSF+plerixafor patients were higher than in patients treated by plerixafor alone. Importantly, the G-CSF+plerixafor-mobilized cells displayed a primitive stem cell phenotype and higher clonogenic capacity over plerixafor-mobilized cells. G-CSF+plerixafor represents the optimal strategy when very high yields of stem cells or a single apheresis is required. The high yields and the favorable transplantation features render the G-CSF+plerixafor-mobilized cells the optimal CD34+ cell source for stem cell gene therapy applications. PMID:24001178

Karponi, Garyfalia; Zervou, Fani; Constantinou, Varnavas; Bouinta, Asimina; Tachynopoulou, Varvara; Kotta, Konstantina; Jonlin, Erica; Papayannopoulou, Thalia; Anagnostopoulos, Achilles; Stamatoyannopoulos, George

2013-01-01

81

Adaptive computing for people with disabilities.  

PubMed

Adaptive computing is a relatively new area, and little has been written in the nursing literature on the topic. "Adaptive computing" refers to the professional services and the technology (both hardware and software) that make computing technology accessible for persons with disabilities. Nurses in many settings such as schools, industry, rehabilitation facilities, and the community, can use knowledge of adaptive computing as they counsel, advise, and advocate for people with disabilities. Nurses with an awareness and knowledge of adaptive computing will be better able to promote high-level wellness for individuals with disabilities, thus maximizing their potential for an active fulfilling life. People with different types of disabilities, including visual, mobility, hearing, learning, communication disorders and acquired brain injuries may benefit from computer adaptations. Disabled people encounter barriers to computing in six major areas: 1) the environment, 2) data entry, 3) information output, 4) technical documentation, 5) support, and 6) training. After a discussion of these barriers, the criteria for selecting appropriate adaptations and selected examples of adaptations are presented. Several cases studies illustrate the evaluation process and the development of adaptive computer solutions. PMID:8082064

Merrow, S L; Corbett, C D

1994-01-01

82

Increasing Accessibility: Using Universal Design Principles to Address Disability Impairments in the Online Learning Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the increasing number of students enrolling in distance education, there is a need to consider the accessibility of course materials in online learning environments. Four major groups of disabilities: mobility, auditory, visual, and cognitive are explored as they relate to their implementation into instructional design and their impact on…

Pittman, Candice N.; Heiselt, April K.

2014-01-01

83

Intellectual disability  

MedlinePLUS

Intellectual disability is a condition diagnosed before age 18 that includes below-average intellectual function and a lack ... Intellectual disability affects about 1% to 3% of the population. There are many causes of intellectual disability, but ...

84

Intellectual Disability  

MedlinePLUS

... is intellectual disability? Intellectual disability, also known as mental retardation, is a term used when there are limits ... infections. What are some of the signs of intellectual disability? Usually, the more severe the degree of intellectual ...

85

Simultaneous analysis and retention behavior of major isoflavonoids in Radix Puerariae lobatae and Radix Puerariae thomsonii by high performance liquid chromatography with cyclodextrins as a mobile phase modifier.  

PubMed

In order to differentiate two species of Radix Puerariae (Radix Puerariae lobatae and Radix Puerariae thomsonii) and to determine major isoflavonoids (puerarin, daidzin, daidzein and genistein) in the samples, a simple high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method with isocratic elution employing cyclodextrins (CDs) as mobile phase additives was developed. Various factors affecting the retention of isoflavonoids in the C(18) reversed-phase column, such as the nature of CDs, the concentration of hydroxypropyl-?-cyclodextrin (HP-?-CD) and the methanol percentage in the mobile phase, were studied. Experimental results confirmed that HP-?-CD, as a very effective mobile phase additive, could markedly reduce the retention of isoflavonoids, especially daidzein and genistein. The elution of four isoflavonoids could be achieved on a Kromasil(®) C(18) column within 56 min by using the methanol-water contained 5 mM HP-?-CD (25/75, v/v) mixture as the mobile phase. The formation of the inclusion complexes between isoflavonoids and HP-?-CD explained the modification of the retention of analytes. The apparent formation constants determined by HPLC confirmed that the stoichiometry of HP-?-CD-isoflavonoid complexes was 1:1, and the stability of the complexes depended on the size and property of isoflavonoids. The optimized method was successfully applied for the simultaneous determination of major isoflavonoids in P. lobatae and P. thomsonii samples. This work provides a useful method for the analysis of traditional Chinese herbs. PMID:22177078

Zeng, Aiguo; Xing, Jianfeng; Wang, Changhe; Song, Jie; Li, Cong; Yang, Xin; Yang, Guangde

2012-01-27

86

Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The learning disabilities monograph contains five brief articles dealing with various aspects of learning disabilities as they related to business education. "Learning Disabilities: A Challenge for the Vocational Business Educator" (Dorothy Munger) concerns screening students with learning disabilities into rather than out of business education…

Clow, John, Ed.; Woolschlager, Ruth B., Ed.

87

Major Depression Among Adults  

MedlinePLUS

Major depression is one of the most common mental disorders in the United States. According to the World Health Organization (WHO; 2010), major depression also carries the heaviest burden of disability among mental ...

88

Updated: 4/12 Disabilities Studies  

E-print Network

) 934-2930 Office: Mahoney Hall, Room 1 People with disabilities (mental retardation, chronic mental and Measurement of Disability 38.315 Kinesiology (EP Majors Only) 44.546 Mental Health and Criminal Justice 46

Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

89

An Empirical Assessment of a Home-Based Exercise Treatment Package for People with Severe Mobility-Related Disabilities Using a Changing Criterion Design: Two Studies  

E-print Network

-related disabilities to increase exercise minutes and sessions, to work toward recommended physical activity goals for all Americans of 30 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity on most days of the week....

Nary, Dorothy E.

2010-12-13

90

Stories from youth with disabilities  

E-print Network

worked at a fast food restaurant,a local grocery market, or a retail store at the mall.Or maybe your job. As a result,the vast majority of youth with significant disabilities end up missing out on these important their jobs; and 4. They all had significant disabilities. The ways in which they found their jobs

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

91

Americans with Disabilities Act - ADA Home Page  

MedlinePLUS

... Mobility Disabilities ADA Update: A Primer for Small Business The Department of Justice has revised its regulations ... Standards). This document provides guidance to assist small business owners in understanding how this new regulation applies ...

92

Depression, Disability, and Rehabilitation Services for Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to review scientific evidence for the co-occurrence of major depressive illness and disability, and to examine this phenomenon specifically for women in the United States today. Following a discussion of different ways of operationalizing the concept of disability, the analysis addresses gender biases in disability

Cook, Judith A.

2003-01-01

93

Secondary Disabilities among American Indians in Montana.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of incidence of secondary disabilities, completed by 75 disabled Native American adults on 3 Montana reservations, indicated fair to poor ratings for overall health and independence, high incidence/severity for problems of mobility and access, and problems with behavioral components, such as pain, fatigue, and depression. (SV)

Clay, Julie Anna; And Others

1992-01-01

94

Biogeochemical processes controlling the mobility of major ions and trace metals in aquitard sediments beneath an oil sand tailing pond: laboratory studies and reactive transport modeling.  

PubMed

Increased production and expansion of the oil sand industry in Alberta are of great benefit to the economy, but they carry major environmental challenges. The volume of fluid fine tailings requiring storage is 840×10(6) m(3) and growing, making it imperative that we better understand the fate and transport of oil sand process-affected water (OSPW) seepage from these facilities. Accordingly, the current study seeks to characterize both a) the potential for major ion and trace element release, and b) the principal biogeochemical processes involved, as tailing pond OSPW infiltrates into, and interacts with, underlying glacial till sediments prior to reaching down gradient aquifers or surface waters. Objectives were addressed through a series of aqueous and solid phase experiments, including radial diffusion cells, an isotope analysis, X-ray diffraction, and sequential extractions. The diffusion cells were also simulated in a reactive transport framework to elucidate key reaction processes. The experiments indicate that the ingress and interaction of OSPW with the glacial till sediment-pore water system will result in: a mitigation of ingressing Na (retardation), displacement and then limited precipitation of exchangeable Ca and Mg (as carbonates), sulfate reduction and subsequent precipitation of the produced sulfides, as well as biodegradation of organic carbon. High concentrations of ingressing Cl (~375 mg L(-1)) and Na (~575 mg L(-1)) (even though the latter is delayed, or retarded) are expected to migrate through the till and into the underlying sand channel. Trace element mobility was influenced by ion exchange, oxidation-reduction, and mineral phase reactions including reductive dissolution of metal oxyhydroxides - in accordance with previous observations within sandy aquifer settings. Furthermore, although several trace elements showed the potential for release (Al, B, Ba, Cd, Mn, Pb, Si, Sr), large-scale mobilization is not supported. Thus, the present results suggest that in addition to the commonly cited naphthenic acids, remediation of OSPW-impacted groundwater will need to address high concentrations of major ions contributing to salinization. PMID:23727691

Holden, A A; Haque, S E; Mayer, K U; Ulrich, A C

2013-08-01

95

Biogeochemical processes controlling the mobility of major ions and trace metals in aquitard sediments beneath an oil sand tailing pond: Laboratory studies and reactive transport modeling  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Increased production and expansion of the oil sand industry in Alberta are of great benefit to the economy, but they carry major environmental challenges. The volume of fluid fine tailings requiring storage is 840 × 106 m3 and growing, making it imperative that we better understand the fate and transport of oil sand process-affected water (OSPW) seepage from these facilities. Accordingly, the current study seeks to characterize both a) the potential for major ion and trace element release, and b) the principal biogeochemical processes involved, as tailing pond OSPW infiltrates into, and interacts with, underlying glacial till sediments prior to reaching down gradient aquifers or surface waters. Objectives were addressed through a series of aqueous and solid phase experiments, including radial diffusion cells, an isotope analysis, X-ray diffraction, and sequential extractions. The diffusion cells were also simulated in a reactive transport framework to elucidate key reaction processes. The experiments indicate that the ingress and interaction of OSPW with the glacial till sediment-pore water system will result in: a mitigation of ingressing Na (retardation), displacement and then limited precipitation of exchangeable Ca and Mg (as carbonates), sulfate reduction and subsequent precipitation of the produced sulfides, as well as biodegradation of organic carbon. High concentrations of ingressing Cl (~ 375 mg L- 1) and Na (~ 575 mg L- 1) (even though the latter is delayed, or retarded) are expected to migrate through the till and into the underlying sand channel. Trace element mobility was influenced by ion exchange, oxidation-reduction, and mineral phase reactions including reductive dissolution of metal oxyhydroxides — in accordance with previous observations within sandy aquifer settings. Furthermore, although several trace elements showed the potential for release (Al, B, Ba, Cd, Mn, Pb, Si, Sr), large-scale mobilization is not supported. Thus, the present results suggest that in addition to the commonly cited naphthenic acids, remediation of OSPW-impacted groundwater will need to address high concentrations of major ions contributing to salinization.

Holden, A. A.; Haque, S. E.; Mayer, K. U.; Ulrich, A. C.

2013-08-01

96

Equal access to hospitality services for guests with mobility impairments under the Americans with Disabilities Act: Implications for the hospitality industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The hospitality operator's obligation to comply with the ADA has provided the necessary impetus to ensure that hospitality services are provided in a non-discriminatory manner. The ADA requires modification of hospitality policies and procedures to ensure that guests with disabilities are provided services in a manner equivalent to those provided to able-bodied guests. This article provides the hospitality operator with

John Grady; Jane Boyd Ohlin

2009-01-01

97

Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning disability is a classification that includes several disorders in which a person has difficulty learning in a typical manner. Depending on the type and severity of the disability, interventions may be used to help the individual learn strategies that will foster future success. Some interventions can be quite simplistic, while others are…

Sittiprapaporn, Wichian, Ed.

2012-01-01

98

Mobility of major and trace elements in a coupled groundwater-surface water system: Merced River, CA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Trace element transport in coupled surface water/groundwater systems is controlled not only by advective flow, but also by redox reactions that affect the partitioning of various elements between mobile and immobile phases. These processes have been examined in the context of a field project conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) as part of the National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) program. The Merced River flows out of Yosemite National Park and the Sierra Nevada foothills and into California's Central Valley, where it joins the San Joaquin River. Our field site is approximately twenty river kilometers from the confluence with the San Joaquin River. This deep alluvial plain has minimal topography. Agricultural development characterizes the land surrounding this reach of river; consequently, the hydrology is heavily influenced by irrigation. Riverbed groundwater samples were collected from ten wells aligned in two transects across the river located approximately 100 m apart. The wells were sampled from depths of 0.5 m, 1 m, and 3 m below the sediment-water interface. Groundwater flowpath samples were taken from wells positioned on a path perpendicular to the river and located 100 m, 500 m, and 1000 m from the river. The saturated groundwater system exists from 7 to 40 m below the surface and is confined below by a clay layer. Each well location samples from 3-5 depths in this surface aquifer. Samples were collected in December 2003, March-April, June-July, and October 2004. This served to provide an evenly-spaced sampling frequency over the course of a year, and also to allow observation of trends coinciding with the onset of winter, the spring runoff, and early and late summer irrigation. An initial survey of the elements in the riverbed samples was conducted using Inductively-Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS). Elements for further study were selected based on variability in this survey, either with respect to depth or location, as well as to cover a range of expected geochemical behaviors. Further ICP-MS measurements focused on eight elements: strontium, barium, uranium, molybdenum, manganese, iron, phosphorus, and bromine. Bromine is a conservative tracer. Molybdenum, manganese, and iron will precipitate when oxidized, and uranium will precipitate when reduced. Strontium and barium are not redox-active but may be affected by dissolution-precipitation and sorption reactions. Phosphorus is a nutrient that will cycle actively in areas of biological productivity. Generally, these elements appear to behave as expected based on physical waterflow and assumed redox conditions. The two transects of wells across the river bracket a zone of known denitrification, which implies that sediment conditions favor oxidation upriver and reduction downriver. This trend is borne out both by the redox-sensitive elements at each transect, and by the strontium and barium, which bind to precipitated iron and manganese oxides in oxidizing conditions and are released into the dissolved state in reducing conditions. The flowpath samples appear to be enriched in strontium, phosphorus, and bromine when compared to the riverbed samples, and they are depleted in manganese and iron.

Wildman, R. A.; Domagalski, J. L.; Hering, J. G.

2004-12-01

99

Mathematics and Metacognition in Adolescents and Adults with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A majority of studies on learning disabilities have focused on elementary grades. Although problems with learning disabilities are life-affecting only a few studies focus on deficits in adults. In this study adults with isolated mathematical disabilities (n = 101) and adults with combined mathematical and reading disabilities (n = 130) solved…

Desoete, Annemie

2009-01-01

100

Mobile IP  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile IP has been designed within the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) to serve the needs of the burgeoning population of mobile computer users who wish to connect to the Internet and maintain communications as they move from place to place. The basic protocol is described, with details given on the three major component protocols: agent advertisement, registration, and tunneling.

C. E. Perkins

1997-01-01

101

Women with Disabilities: Issues, Resources, Connections.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This four-part information package serves as an introduction to the lives of women and girls with disabilities and the social issues they specifically face. Part I comprises a paper which reviews the literature and major issues, titled "Obstacles to Equality: The Double Discrimination of Women with Disabilities." The paper examines three major

Traustadottir, Rannveig

102

Prevalence and features of ICF-disability in Spain as captured by the 2008 National Disability Survey  

PubMed Central

Background Since 1986, the study of disability in Spain has been mainly addressed by National Disability Surveys (NDSs). While international attempts to frame NDS designs within the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) have progressed, in general, the ICF has hardly been used in either the NDS or epidemiological studies. This study sought to identify ICF Activity- and Participation-related content in the most recent Spanish NDS, the 2008 Survey on Disabilities, Independence and Dependency Situations (Encuesta sobre discapacidades, autonomía personal y situaciones de Dependencia - EDAD 2008), and estimate the prevalence of such ICF-framed disability. Methods EDAD 2008 methods and questions were perused. Of the 51 EDAD items analysed, 29 were backcoded to specific d2-d7 domains of the ICF Checklist and, by rating the recorded difficulty to perform specific tasks with or without help, these were then taken as performance and capacity respectively. A global ICF score was also derived, albeit lacking data for d1, "Learning and applying knowledge", d8, "Major Life Areas" and d9, "Community, Social and Civic Life". Data were grouped by sex, age, residence and initial positive screening, and prevalence figures were calculated by disability level both for the general population, using the originally designed weights, and for the population that had screened positive to disability. Data for institutionalised persons were processed separately. Results Crude prevalence of ICF severe/complete and moderate disability among the community-dwelling population aged ?6 years was 0.9%-2.2% respectively, and that of severe/complete disability among persons living in sheltered accommodation was 0.3%. Prevalence of severe/complete disability was: higher in women than in men, 0.8% vs. 0.4%; increased with age; and was particularly high in domains such as "Domestic Life", 3.4%, "Mobility", 1.8%, and "Self-care", 1.9%, in which prevalence decreased when measured by reference to performance. Moreover, global scores indicated that severe/complete disability in these same domains was frequent among the moderately disabled group. Conclusions The EDAD 2008 affords an insufficient data set to be ICF-framed when it comes to the Activity and Participation domains. Notwithstanding their unknown validity, ratings for available ICF domains may, however, be suitable for consideration under the ADL model of functional dependency, suggesting that there are approximately 500,000 persons suffering from severe/complete disability and 1,000,000 suffering from moderate disability, with half the latter being severely disabled in domains capable of benefiting from technical or personal aid. Application of EDAD data to the planning of services for regions and other subpopulations means that need for personal help must be assessed, unmet needs ascertained, and knowledge of social participation and support, particularly for the mentally ill, improved. International, WHO-supported co-operation in ICF planning and use of NDSs in Spain and other countries is needed. PMID:22122806

2011-01-01

103

Perceptions about disability among Ghanaian university students.  

PubMed

An exploratory/descriptive study was conducted on a sample of university students, including 305 social work and sociology majors, in Ghana to evaluate their attitudes toward disabilities. The findings indicate that the students in general agree with the idea of community integration and equal rights of persons with disabilities. At the same time, they are ambivalent about characteristics of persons with disabilities and feel uncomfortable interacting with them. Further, a substantive minority holds strong prejudices against persons with disabilities. Universities should provide their students with opportunities to improve knowledge and attitudes about disabilities. PMID:22630599

Naami, Augustina; Hayashi, Reiko

2012-01-01

104

What individuals with rheumatic diseases know about the Americans with Disabilities Act: A survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Individuals with rheumatic diseases often have disabilities which limit one or more major life activity. Common disabilities among individuals with rheumatic illnesses such as chronic pain, hand deformities, and fatigue may be hidden. With a hidden disability, an individual may be unaware that he or she could qualify as disabled under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). The ADA provides

Pamela Ann Kasyan

1998-01-01

105

Changing the disability climate: promoting tolerance in the workplace.  

PubMed

Disability climate is a key determinant of the successful integration of individuals with disabilities into the work force and a major influence on the level of occupational stress experienced by this population. Industry-specific attitudes regarding disabilities have an effect on disability climate as perceived by workers, as do formal and informal policies, procedures, and practices. Occupational health nurses can impact organizational disability climates through implementation of disability climate programs, thus improving workplace conditions for workers with disabilities and reducing occupational stress. PMID:16562624

Matt, Susan B; Butterfield, Patricia

2006-03-01

106

Accommodation Information by Disability  

MedlinePLUS

... mean that these conditions are disabilities under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). For more information on the ADA's definition ... Whether a Person Has a Disability under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) . Also visit JAN's ADA Glossary and JAN's ...

107

Sexuality and Intellectual Disability  

MedlinePLUS

... of AAIDD and The Arc Statement People with intellectual disabilities and/or developmental disabilities*, like all people, have ... defended, and respected. Issue For decades, people with intellectual disabilities and/or developmental disabilities have been thought to ...

108

The Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990 expands employment opportunities for persons with developmental disabilities.  

PubMed

The primary purpose of the ADA is the full inclusion of persons with disabilities within their communities. The ADA prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in the areas of employment, transportation, public accommodations, telecommunications, and state and local government agencies. The person described in this report encountered some of this discrimination. He successfully obtained paid community-integrated employment only after overcoming major obstacles and barriers, the greatest being transportation. In our highly mobile society, reliable transportation is essential for the acquisition and maintenance of community-integrated employment. The participant was repeatedly denied access to public transportation on the basis of his disability. To help overcome this barrier, Transition Services had to provide needed transportation at great expense, which delayed opportunities for the participant to gain control of this aspect of his life. Enactment of the ADA makes it more difficult for public transportation agencies to deny services to persons with disabilities by claiming inconvenience or lack of accessible vehicles. When publicly funded transportation programs assume their full responsibility for transportation to the public, agencies like Transition Services can focus on individualized employment and training issues rather than on providing transportation. In the workplace, the employer's willingness to work cooperatively with the participant and the staff of Transition Services resulted in several low-cost and reasonable accommodations based on the participant's needs and abilities. A simple rearrangement of work space allowed the participant to perform his job while benefiting the other workers in the crowded restaurant kitchen.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:1534457

Schelly, C; Sample, P; Spencer, K

1992-05-01

109

Academic Majors Undergraduate Majors  

E-print Network

Community Nutrition/Health Promotion · Food Science Food Allergy · Human/Athletic Performance NutritionAcademic Majors Undergraduate Majors Food & Nutrition Sciences Dietetics Exercise Science Athletic Training Masters Majors Nutrition & Food Sciences Exercise Physiology Sports Sciences Doctoral Majors

Weston, Ken

110

with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parents from culturally diverse backgrounds need to feel that they play a vital role in the future success of their sons or daughters with disabilities. Differences in culture and ethnicity can affect families' involvement in transition planning and the goals that they emphasize for their children. Families of diverse backgrounds were…

Cote, Debra L.; Jones, Vita L.; Sparks, Shannon L.; Aldridge, Patricia A.

2012-01-01

111

An Analysis of Televised Presentations of Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three hundred and seventy-four thirty-minute television segments were observed in an investigation of televised portrayals of disability. These segments were randomly distributed across three time blocks and the three major networks. The presence\\/absence of disability was recorded using a twenty-second partial interval recording procedure. The definition of disability was restricted to the observation of an orthosis or prosthesis for support,

William J. Warzak; Christine T. Majors; Andrea G. Hansell; Tracey M. Allan

1988-01-01

112

Reassessment of the Listeria monocytogenes pan-genome reveals dynamic integration hotspots and mobile genetic elements as major components of the accessory genome  

PubMed Central

Background Listeria monocytogenes is an important food-borne pathogen and model organism for host-pathogen interaction, thus representing an invaluable target considering research on the forces governing the evolution of such microbes. The diversity of this species has not been exhaustively explored yet, as previous efforts have focused on analyses of serotypes primarily implicated in human listeriosis. We conducted complete genome sequencing of 11 strains employing 454 GS FLX technology, thereby achieving full coverage of all serotypes including the first complete strains of serotypes 1/2b, 3c, 3b, 4c, 4d, and 4e. These were comparatively analyzed in conjunction with publicly available data and assessed for pathogenicity in the Galleria mellonella insect model. Results The species pan-genome of L. monocytogenes is highly stable but open, suggesting an ability to adapt to new niches by generating or including new genetic information. The majority of gene-scale differences represented by the accessory genome resulted from nine hyper variable hotspots, a similar number of different prophages, three transposons (Tn916, Tn554, IS3-like), and two mobilizable islands. Only a subset of strains showed CRISPR/Cas bacteriophage resistance systems of different subtypes, suggesting a supplementary function in maintenance of chromosomal stability. Multiple phylogenetic branches of the genus Listeria imply long common histories of strains of each lineage as revealed by a SNP-based core genome tree highlighting the impact of small mutations for the evolution of species L. monocytogenes. Frequent loss or truncation of genes described to be vital for virulence or pathogenicity was confirmed as a recurring pattern, especially for strains belonging to lineages III and II. New candidate genes implicated in virulence function were predicted based on functional domains and phylogenetic distribution. A comparative analysis of small regulatory RNA candidates supports observations of a differential distribution of trans-encoded RNA, hinting at a diverse range of adaptations and regulatory impact. Conclusions This study determined commonly occurring hyper variable hotspots and mobile elements as primary effectors of quantitative gene-scale evolution of species L. monocytogenes, while gene decay and SNPs seem to represent major factors influencing long-term evolution. The discovery of common and disparately distributed genes considering lineages, serogroups, serotypes and strains of species L. monocytogenes will assist in diagnostic, phylogenetic and functional research, supported by the comparative genomic GECO-LisDB analysis server (http://bioinfo.mikrobio.med.uni-giessen.de/geco2lisdb). PMID:23339658

2013-01-01

113

Disablement, Disability and the Nigerian Society.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The condition of the disabled in developing nations, particularly Nigeria, is considered. Discussed are prevention of disability by control of infectious diseases, effects of myth and superstition on attitudes toward the disabled, the lack of medical facilities, and the rights of the disabled to an education and building access. (Author/DB)

Abang, Theresa B.

1988-01-01

114

Implications of Mobility Impairment on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Breast Cancer  

PubMed Central

Abstract Background Among women with chronic, preexisting mobility impairments, we sought to explore how their mobility difficulties affected the diagnosis and treatment of early-stage breast cancer Methods This is a qualitative analysis of transcripts from in-depth in-person or telephone interviews with 20 English-speaking women who had early-stage breast cancer, were <60 years of age, and had chronic difficulty walking or used wheeled mobility aids at the time of their breast cancer diagnoses Results Nine women were disabled by polio as children or had postpolio syndrome, 3 had cerebral palsy, 3 had spinal cord injury, and 5 had other conditions. Most women reported difficulty obtaining mammograms, primarily because of inaccessible equipment, positioning problems, and difficulties with uncontrollable movements. Many women made decisions about surgical approach and chemotherapy by explicitly considering how various therapies would affect their arms, which are essential to their mobility (they use ambulation aids, self-propel manual wheelchairs, or otherwise rely on their arms for mobility or safety). Managing at home after surgery posed major mobility challenges, especially for women who lived alone. Several women reported feeling they suffered more chemotherapy side effects than do women without mobility problems. Weight gains with endocrine therapy compromised the mobility of several women. Conclusions Increasing numbers of American women are living with mobility disabilities and entering age ranges with increased risks of breast cancer. Mobility impairments can affect women at every point during early-stage breast cancer diagnosis, therapy, and recovery. Clinicians must consider women's mobility functioning in making therapeutic recommendations to women with impaired mobility who develop breast cancer. PMID:21034276

Park, Elyse R.; Kilbridge, Kerry L.

2011-01-01

115

Update on the Americans with Disabilities Act  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1990, Congress enacted the Americans with Disabilities Act as a comprehensive mandate to eliminate discrimination against individuals with disabilities. The ADA's primary intent was to extend the protection of Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. The major difference between the two laws is that Section 504 applies to programs that…

Russo, Charles J.; Osborne, Allan G.

2009-01-01

116

Rewards of Fostering Children with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A random sample of parents fostering children with disabilities in a major Canadian city was asked "what are the rewards you receive from fostering a child with a disability?" A total of 57 unique responses were obtained and grouped together by the foster parents. Two statistical analyses were applied to the grouping data: multidimensional scaling…

Brown, Jason D.

2008-01-01

117

Perceptions About Disability Among Ghanaian University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

An exploratory\\/descriptive study was conducted on a sample of university students, including 305 social work and sociology majors, in Ghana to evaluate their attitudes toward disabilities. The findings indicate that the students in general agree with the idea of community integration and equal rights of persons with disabilities. At the same time, they are ambivalent about characteristics of persons with

Augustina Naami; Reiko Hayashi

2012-01-01

118

Learning Disabilities In-Service Training Kit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Included in the training kit for teachers in the area of learning disabilities are materials developed by Project Lighthouse for experimental field usage to test the materials. The problem of educating children with learning disabilities is summarized, as is Piaget's model of logical activity. The major divisions of the text then deal with the…

Simpson, Bickley

119

Prevention of Disabilities: Topic Paper D.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As one of a series of topic papers assessing federal laws and programs affecting persons with disabilities, this paper describes the major components of a comprehensive program to prevent disabilities, including programs to maximize health care, programs to maximize educational growth and sound psychological development, and programs for public…

National Council on the Handicapped, Washington, DC.

120

Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Learning disability (LD) refers to a condition in which a child fails to develop adequate academic skills, such as reading,\\u000a writing, or calculation. LDs involve inadequate development of academic skills, rather than representing a loss of previously\\u000a acquired function, although brain lesions may certainly result in cognitive deficits that affect reading, writing, and calculation\\u000a (for a review, see Heilman and

Gayle K. Deutsch; Robert N. Davis

121

On a bioethical challenge to disability rights.  

PubMed

Tensions exist between the disability rights movement and the work of many bioethicists. These reveal themselves in a major recent book on bioethics and genetics, From Chance to Choice: Genetics and Justice. This book defends certain genetic policies against criticisms from disability rights advocates, in part by arguing that it is possible to accept both the genetic policies and the rights of people with impairments. However, a close reading of the book reveals a series of direct moral criticisms of the disability rights movement. The criticisms go beyond a defense of genetic policies from the criticisms of disability rights advocates. The disability rights movement is said not to have the same moral legitimacy as other civil rights movements, such as those for women or "racial" minorities. This paper documents, and in some cases shows the flaws within, these challenges to the disability rights movement. PMID:18027248

Amundson, Ron; Tresky, Shari

2007-01-01

122

Facts about Developmental Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... Some of the most common known causes of intellectual disability include fetal alcohol syndrome ; genetic and chromosomal conditions, ... ADHD , autism spectrum disorders , cerebral palsy , hearing loss , intellectual disability , learning disability, vision impairment , and other developmental delays. ...

123

Learning Disabilities in Campers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that camp directors and counselors should be familiar with learning disabilities. Defines learning disabilities and explains accommodations of materials, procedures, and equipment; modification of activities; individuals' learned compensation strategies; and communication issues. Sidebar defines types of learning disabilities. (SAS)

Peniston, Lorraine C.

1999-01-01

124

Types of Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... The CDC Disability and Health Note: Javascript is disabled or is not supported by your browser. For ... for Specific Groups People with Disabilities Women Family Caregivers About Us Information For... Media Policy Makers CDC ...

125

Bluetooth wireless handset for people with severe motor disabilities: Capstone design project for rehabilitation technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Even common daily-used devices such as a mobile phone or a remote controller can be a big hurdle for disabled people. As the levels and types of disabilities have a wide vari- ety, it is difficult to expect that devices from mass production are tailored for each disabled person. In this paper, we introduce a capstone design project to develop

Younghyun Kim; Jooyeon Lee; Youngshin Koh; Naehyuck Chang

2011-01-01

126

Measuring Physical Inclusion of People with Developmental Disabilities: Evaluation of the Macomb-Oakland Regional Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluation of a Michigan program to integrate persons with developmental disabilities into the community evaluated variables including involvement of allies in planning futures, number of people with disabilities residing in each home, proportion of earned income, level of disability, and level of mobility. Earned income was the variable that most…

Wolf-Branigin, Michael; LeRoy, Barbara; Miller, John

2001-01-01

127

Disability identity of leaders in the self-advocacy movement.  

PubMed

Life stories and perspectives of leaders in the self-advocacy movement were explored to enhance knowledge about disability identity formation. In-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with 13 leaders in the self-advocacy movement. Five major themes emerged: (a) resistance--claiming personhood and voice; (b) connection with disability community; (c) reclaiming disability and personal transformation; (d) interconnection with broader disability rights movement; and (e) bond with social justice and interdependency. PMID:21905825

Caldwell, Joe

2011-10-01

128

The transformation of disabilities organizations.  

PubMed

This article summarizes the five major characteristics of the transformation era and describes how intellectual and closely related developmental disabilities organizations can apply specific transformation strategies associated with each characteristic. Collectively, the characteristics and strategies provide a framework for transformation thinking, learning, and acting. Specific application examples are given. PMID:23909588

Schalock, Robert L; Verdugo, Miguel-Angel

2013-08-01

129

A Qualitative Investigation of Somali Immigrant Perceptions of Disability: Implications for Genetic Counseling  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the potential utility of genetic counseling services for Somali immigrants by investigating their perceptions of disability. Five Somali women participated in structured interviews that assessed their perceptions of the nature, causes, and impact of disability, and care for persons with disabilities. Using a Heideggerian Hermeneutics qualitative method of analysis, six major themes emerged: (1) disability refers to

Carrie J. Greeson; Patricia McCarthy Veach; Bonnie S. LeRoy

2001-01-01

130

Environmental Barriers Experienced by Urban and Rural Disabled People in South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Impairments pose a certain degree of difficulty to disabled people, however the impact of the environment is the major cause of disability. Despite the fact that the disabling effect of environmental factors is acknowledged, little research has been done to explore the impact of the environment on varying degrees of disability and different…

Maart, S.; Eide, A. H.; Jelsma, J.; Loeb, M. E.; Toni, M. Ka

2007-01-01

131

Disability, Discrimination & The Americans With Disabilities Act  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the prevalence of disability in the United States and the discrimination experienced by persons with disabilities. Following this is a brief overview of the purpose and essential provisions of the Americans with Disabilities Act and a discussion of the key definitions in the ADA: \\

Janet O’Keeffe

1993-01-01

132

Aversive disablism: subtle prejudice toward disabled people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Blatant forms of prejudice towards disabled people appear to be disappearing in the UK. However, subtle forms of prejudice remain and may be highly damaging to the achievement of the vision of disabled people being ‘respected and included as equal members of society’. In order to assist placing subtle forms of prejudice within a framework, the term aversive disablism is

Mark Deal

2007-01-01

133

Sound mobility models  

Microsoft Academic Search

Simulation has become an indispensable tool in the construction and evaluation of mobile systems. By using mobility models that describe constituent movement, one can explore large systems, producing repeatable results for comparison between alternatives. Unfortunately, the vast majority of mobility models---including all those in which nodal speed and distance or destination are chosen independently---suffer from decay; average speed decreases until

Jungkeun Yoon; Mingyan Liu; Brian Noble

2003-01-01

134

Towards Mobile Cryptography  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile code technology has become a driving force for recent advances in distributed systems. The concept of mo- bility of executable code raises major security problems. I n this paper we deal with the protection of mobile code from possibly malicious hosts. We conceptualize on the specific cryptographic problems posed by mobile code. We are able to provide a solution

Tomas Sander; Christian F. Tschudin

1998-01-01

135

Challenging the Structural Discrimination of Psychiatric Disabilities: Lessons Learned from the American Disability Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stigma is a major barrier to the life opportunities of people with disabilities, including those with psychiatric disabilities. Structural discrimination is stigma that results from social forces that develop over many years to diminish a group's resources and support needed to be successful. Affirmative action is a legal and political remedy to…

Corrigan, Patrick W.; Lam, Chow

2007-01-01

136

Developmental Disabilities Act Reauthorization, FY 1990: Recommendations of the Consortium for Citizens with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph presents the recommendations of the 15 organizations belonging to the Consortium for Citizens with Disabilities concerning the reauthorization of the Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act, Public Law 100-146. Each issue is briefly presented with a specific recommendation for changes in the law. Major

Consortium for Citizens with Disabilities.

137

Disability Information & Awareness: Afghanistan. Version 2.2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report focuses on a project in Afghanistan that coordinates the efforts of several agencies to develop community-directed disability, rehabilitation, and education services. The program stresses community mobilization aided by skills transfer from expatriate specialists, and includes physical therapy, prosthetics, living skills and mobility

Miles, M.

138

Characterization and evolution of dissolved organic matter in acidic forest soil and its impact on the mobility of major and trace elements (case of the Strengbach watershed)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dissolved Organic Carbon (DOC) plays an important role in the behavior of major and trace elements in the soil and influences their transfer from soil to soil solution. The first objective of this study is to characterize different organic functional groups for the Water Extractable Organic Carbon (WEOC) fractions of a forest soil as well as their evolution with depth. The second objective is to clarify the influence of these organic functional groups on the migration of the trace elements in WEOC fractions compared to those in the soil solution obtained by lysimeter plates. All experiments have been performed on an acidic forest soil profile (five depths in the first meter) of the experimental spruce parcel in the Stengbach catchment. The Infra-red spectra of the freeze-dried WEOC fractions show a modification of the molecular structure with depth, i.e. a decrease of the polar compounds such as polysaccharides and an increase of the less polar hydro-carbon functional groups with a maximum value of the aromaticity at 30 cm depth. A Hierarchical Ascending Classification (HAC) of the evolution of Water Extractable Chemical Elements (WECE) with the evolution of the organic functional groups in the organic matter (OM) enriched soil compartments permits recognition of relationships between trace element behavior and the organic functional group variations. More specifically, Pb is preferentially bound to the carboxylic acid function of DOC mainly present in the upper soil compartment and rare earth elements (REE) show similar behavior to Fe, V and Cr with a good affinity to carboxy-phenolic and phenolic groups of DOC. The experimental results show that heavy REE compared to light REE are preferentially bound to the aromatic functional group. This different behavior fractionates the REE pattern of soil solutions at 30 cm depth due to the here observed aromaticity enrichment of DOC. These different affinities for the organic functional groups of the DOC explain some aspects of the behavior of trace elements in soil solutions and in the soil profile but, also the competition between trace elements in complexation with DOC. The results of this study are important for the understanding of the mobility and the migration of pollutants (as heavy metals or radionuclides) as well as nutrients in natural ecosystems. WE PrN/YbN is constant between 3 and 16 cm depth whereas SS PrN/YbN slightly decreases from 0.80 at 5 cm depth to 0.74 at 10 cm depth. This results from Pr (LREE) enrichment in the soil solution of the upper soil compartment caused by vegetation controlled LREE recycling and/or atmospheric depositions (see above). WE PrN/YbN and SS PrN/YbN show similar depth dependent distributions including the enrichment at 30 cm depth. It results from Yb depletion at this depth and enrichment in the deeper soil compartment compared to Pr. Similar to Marsac et al. (2012, 2013) one might suggest that there is competition between Fe3+, Al3+ and REE for the binding with DOC. They have a high affinity with the same organic functional groups which is confirmed by the classification scheme (Fig. 8). The studies of Marsac et al. suggest that at acidic pH and low metal/DOC ratios, Fe3+and Al3+ compete more with HREE than LREE; moreover, at high metal/DOC ratios and acidic pH, Al3+ competes with LREE. The Fig. 13 showing the variations of WECEN for Al and Fe in function of WECEN LREE and HREE confirms Marsac et al.’s observations. The slope of the extrapolation line resulting from WECEN Al and HREE values remains rather unchanged for the OM depleted and enriched soil compartments; thus, the change in the metal/DOC ratio in the soil does not change the extraction behavior of Al and HREE. However, the WECEN Fe strongly increase compared to the corresponding HREE values in the OM enriched compartment pointing to the competition between Fe and HREE. Alternatively, one observes that the WECEN Fe and LREE values in the OM enriched compartment plot on the extrapolation line derived from OM depleted soil samples. Thus, in this case, the change in the met

Gangloff, Sophie; Stille, Peter; Pierret, Marie-Claire; Weber, Tiphaine; Chabaux, François

2014-04-01

139

Body image among eating disorder patients with disabilities: a review of published case studies.  

PubMed

While individual cases of eating disorder (ED) patients with disabilities have been reported, there has been little synthesis of their experiences of body image and thin idealization. This study reviews 19 published clinical reports of ED patients with sensory, mobility-related, or intellectual disabilities and evaluates the extent to which their experiences align with or challenge current conceptions of body image in ED. ED patients with visual impairment reported a profound disturbance of body image, perceived intersubjectively and through tactile sensations. Reducing dependence in mobility was an important motivation to control body size for ED patients with mobility-related disabilities. ED as a way of coping with and compensating for the psychosocial consequences of disability was a recurrent theme for patients across a range of disabilities. These experiential accounts of ED patients with disabilities broaden current understandings of body image to include touch and kinaesthetic awareness, intersubjective dynamics, and perceptions of normalcy. PMID:24958662

Cicmil, Nela; Eli, Karin

2014-06-01

140

Hysterectomy and Disability Among U.S. Women  

PubMed Central

CONTEXT Hysterectomies are the second most common surgery performed on women in the United States, and most are done for elective reasons. Although women with disabilities appear to have an increased risk of undergoing the procedure, little research has evaluated the relationship between disability and hysterectomy. METHODS Data on 42,842 women aged 18 or older from the 2000, 2005 and 2010 National Health Interview Surveys were used to evaluate the relationship between disability and the risk of having a hysterectomy over the life course. Piecewise exponential event history models were estimated to identify associations between timing of disability onset, type of disability, and the occurrence and timing of hysterectomy. RESULTS Women with multiple disabilities experienced a higher risk of undergoing a hysterectomy than women with no disability (hazard ratio, 1.3), and this heightened risk was concentrated at younger ages. During their 20s, 30s and early 40s, women who had multiple disabilities were more likely to have had a hysterectomy than their same-age counterparts with no or one disability (1.3–2.4). Women with a single type of disability, as well as most women who had multiple disabilities and were aged 46 or older, were not at increased risk of having had a hysterectomy. CONCLUSIONS Additional research is needed to investigate why young women with multiple disabilities appear to face an increased risk of having a hysterectomy, especially because it is major surgery that can carry significant health risks. PMID:24020777

Drew, Julia A. Rivera

2013-01-01

141

Determinants of disability in older coronary patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background Patient-reported physical function is a major component of disability determinations and an important contributor to health-related quality of life. Prior studies of coronary disability have shown a surprisingly poor correlation between real-life activity profile and exercise capacity measured on the treadmill. The goal of the current investigation was to evaluate the relative importance of medical factors, sex, fitness-related measures,

Philip A. Ades; Patrick D. Savage; Marc D. Tischler; Eric T. Poehlman; Justine Dee; Joelyn Niggel

2002-01-01

142

National Disability Policy: A Progress Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This National Council on Disability (NCD) annual progress report to the President and Congress covers the period December 2005 through December 2006. The report is divided into 13 chapters, each dealing with a major area of public policy. These subject-specific chapters are preceded by an introductory Major Trends section that identifies…

National Council on Disability, 2008

2008-01-01

143

Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... Trials Resources and Publications En Espańol Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (IDDs): Overview Skip sharing on social media links Share this: Page Content Intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDDs) are a primary focus of the NICHD’s ...

144

Accommodating Students with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Community colleges serve a higher percentage of students with disabilities than any other sector of higher education. An understanding of the requirements imposed by disability laws in accommodating those students is important for all community college leaders.

Hawke, Constance S.

2004-01-01

145

Disaster and disabilities  

E-print Network

, the National Council on Disability (2006) reported that many people with phys- ical disabilities were unable to evacuate during Hurricane Katrina due to inaccessible transportation. Three weeks later, during Hurricane Rita, deaf evacuees encountered numerous... of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita on people with disabilities: A look back and remaining challenges. Retrieved from http://www.ncd.gov/ policy/emergency_management Peek, L., & Stough, L. M. (2010). Children with disabilities in disaster. Child Development, 81...

Stough, Laura

2014-01-01

146

Aversive Disablism: Subtle Prejudice toward Disabled People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Blatant forms of prejudice towards disabled people appear to be disappearing in the UK. However, subtle forms of prejudice remain and may be highly damaging to the achievement of the vision of disabled people being "respected and included as equal members of society". In order to assist placing subtle forms of prejudice within a framework, the…

Deal, Mark

2007-01-01

147

Mobile Ambients  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are two distinct areas of work in mobility: mobile computing, concerning computation that is carried out in mobile devices (laptops, personal digital assistants, etc.), and mobile computation, concerning mobile code that moves between devices (applets, agents, etc.). We aim to describe all these aspects of mobility within a single framework that encompasses mobile agents, the ambients where agents interact

Luca Cardelli; Andrew D. Gordon

1998-01-01

148

Disability-related content in nursing textbooks.  

PubMed

Although the American with Disabilities Act in 1990 mandated that people with disabilities (PWDs) have equal access to facilities and services, men and women with disabilities continue to report receiving inadequate health care. The need to address disability in health professions education, including nursing, has been identified by the U.S. Surgeon General, researchers, and the disability community. This study examined how disability issues are integrated in textbooks commonly used in nursing programs and differences in coverage by seven textbook categories (e.g., medical-surgical, pediatrics). A total of 33 textbooks used in undergraduate nursing curricula were systematically reviewed for inclusion of disability content using a review grid developed with the input of PWDs. Two researchers independently reviewed each textbook and at least three members of the team developed consensus ratings for each of 224 content items for each textbook. Sums of consensus ratings were calculated for each topic, each textbook, and all seven categories of textbooks. Ratings of each category of disability-related content were calculated and ranked from highest to lowest. Two investigators reviewed the consensus ratings for each category of book as well as written comments provided during the initial steps of the review. Analysis revealed that disability-related content was largely absent from textbooks and categories of textbooks. Although disabling conditions were discussed, issues related to lifelong or preexisting disability were often not addressed. Abuse, a major issue for PWDs, was barely addressed in detail in any of the textbooks. There were significant differences (p = .005) in inclusion of disability-related content by type of textbook; the highest ranked category was community health. Topics that would be expected in specific categories were often addressed infrequently or not at all. The results of this study suggest the need for faculty members to address disability in their nursing curricula in creative ways until textbook authors and publishers begin to address this issue. The large and growing population of 60 million individuals with disabilities mandates this action. PMID:20635618

Smeltzer, Suzanne C; Robinson-Smith, Gale; Dolen, Mary Anne; Duffin, Janice M; Al-Maqbali, Majid

2010-01-01

149

Information For Disabled  

E-print Network

;1. What is the Disability and Dyslexia Support Service? 2. How to contact us 3. Applying to the University to provide additional information and advice. WHAt iS tHe DiSAbility AnD DySlexiA SUppOrt Service (DDSS Hounsfield Road Durham Road ClarksonStreet Western Bank The Disability and Dyslexia Support Service

Dixon, Peter

150

Claiming loss in disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pervasive representations of disability carry associations with the idea of loss. These have been strongly rejected by the social model movement as stereotyping, which may perpetuate views of disabled people as ‘incomplete’, ‘vulnerable’ or needing rehabilitation. Discourses of ‘loss’, ‘acceptance’ and ‘denial’ remain a lens through which disabled persons are misknown. It is posited that ascribed notions of ‘loss’ serve

Brian Watermeyer

2009-01-01

151

Forestry Commission Disability Equality  

E-print Network

, member of the public, employee or other stakeholder irrespective of their race, disability, gender, age and evaluation procedures as well as improved methods of information gathering and analysis; · detail how, every three years, review the Disability Equality Scheme. The Disability Equality Employment Monitoring

152

DISABILITY STATISTICS CENTER  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of the Disability Statistics Center is to produce and disseminate statistical information on disability and the status of people with disabilities in American society and to establish and monitor indicators of how conditions are changing over time to meet their health...

153

INSTITUTE ON DISABILITY AND  

E-print Network

, history, policy, and technology. ! Through DHD we offer a Master of Science (MS) in Disability and Human in the disability field. Specializations include Disability Studies Social Policy, and Rehabilitation Technology examines various aspects of society-- healthcare, culture, politics, economics, history, legislation

Dai, Yang

154

Social Psychoanalytic Disability Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores connections and tensions between psychoanalysis and disability studies. The first part of the paper considers contemporaneous engagements with the psyche by a number of disability studies writers. These scholars have remained accountable to a politicised disability studies but have pushed for critical encounters with the…

Goodley, Dan

2011-01-01

155

Science and Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reactions to H. Lee Swanson's paper "Toward a Metatheory of Learning Disabilities" are outlined, and his arguments are applied to reading disabilities, focusing on the importance of the scientific attitude, the misuse of ecological validity, interpretation of Thomas Kuhn's work, modularity and reading disability, and scientific progress toward a…

Stanovich, Keith E.

1988-01-01

156

AGATHA CHRISTIE'S LEARNING DISABILITY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evidence is reviewed suggesting that Agatha Christie, the prolific and popular author, had a learning disability. In spite of excellent reading and problem solving skills, she had difficulty with spelling, arithmetic, the mechanical aspects of writing, and foreign language learning. This disability, variously called developmental output failure, dysgraphia, writing backwardness, and\\/or arithmetic\\/writing disability, obviously did not prevent her from becoming

LINDA S. SIEGEL

1988-01-01

157

Changing practice: implications of the World Report on Disability for responding to communication disability in under-served populations.  

PubMed

The World Report on Disability provides a major challenge to the conceptualization and delivery of services for people with communication disabilities around the world. Many people, in both Majority and Minority World countries, receive limited or no support in relation to their communication disability. In this paper the prevalence of communication disability across the world (and the challenges to obtaining these data) are discussed, particularly in relation to disability more broadly. Populations that are under-served by speech-language pathology services in both Majority and Minority World countries are described. The paper describes organizational change theory and the potential it has, together with a biopsychosocial model of disability, to assist in understanding and influencing development of relevant services for people with communication disabilities (PWCD), particularly those who are under-served. Aspects of, and influences on, service delivery for PWCD are described. The need for novel ways of conceptualizing development of services, including population-based approaches, is highlighted. Finally, the challenges and opportunities for PWCD and for speech-language pathologists which arise from the nine recommendations of the World Report on Disability are considered and readers are encouraged to consider new and novel ways of developing equitable services for people with communication disabilities, in both majority and minority world settings. PMID:23323813

Wylie, Karen; McAllister, Lindy; Davidson, Bronwyn; Marshall, Julie

2013-02-01

158

47 CFR 14.61 - Obligations with respect to internet browsers built into mobile phones.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Obligations with respect to internet browsers built into mobile phones...EQUIPMENT BY PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES Internet Browsers Built Into Telephones Used With...14.61 Obligations with respect to internet browsers built into mobile phones....

2013-10-01

159

47 CFR 14.61 - Obligations with respect to internet browsers built into mobile phones.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... false Obligations with respect to internet browsers built into mobile phones...EQUIPMENT BY PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES Internet Browsers Built Into Telephones Used With...14.61 Obligations with respect to internet browsers built into mobile phones....

2014-10-01

160

Rehabilitation nutrition for sarcopenia with disability: a combination of both rehabilitation and nutrition care management.  

PubMed

Malnutrition and sarcopenia often occur in rehabilitation settings. The prevalence of malnutrition and sarcopenia in older patients undergoing rehabilitation is 49-67 % and 40-46.5 %, respectively. Malnutrition and sarcopenia are associated with poorer rehabilitation outcome and physical function. Therefore, a combination of both rehabilitation and nutrition care management may improve outcome in disabled elderly with malnutrition and sarcopenia. The concept of rehabilitation nutrition as a combination of both rehabilitation and nutrition care management and the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health guidelines are used to evaluate nutrition status and to maximize functionality in the elderly and other people with disability. Assessment of the multifactorial causes of primary and secondary sarcopenia is important because rehabilitation nutrition for sarcopenia differs depending on its etiology. Treatment of age-related sarcopenia should include resistance training and dietary supplements of amino acids. Therapy for activity-related sarcopenia includes reduced bed rest time and early mobilization and physical activity. Treatment for disease-related sarcopenia requires therapies for advanced organ failure, inflammatory disease, malignancy, or endocrine disease, while therapy for nutrition-related sarcopenia involves appropriate nutrition management to increase muscle mass. Because primary and secondary sarcopenia often coexist in people with disability, the concept of rehabilitation nutrition is useful for their treatment. Stroke, hip fracture, and hospital-associated deconditioning are major causes of disability, and inpatients of rehabilitation facilities often have malnutrition and sarcopenia. We review the concept of rehabilitation nutrition, the rehabilitation nutrition options for stroke, hip fracture, hospital-associated deconditioning, sarcopenic dysphagia, and then evaluate the amount of research interest in rehabilitation nutrition. PMID:25223471

Wakabayashi, Hidetaka; Sakuma, Kunihiro

2014-12-01

161

Going mobile  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

By 1990, all metropolitan areas in the U.S. and rural areas close to major cities or towns are expected to have cellular telephone service; 22 Canadian cities also feature cellular service. To supply mobile telecommunication services to sparsely-populated rural areas, a mobile satellite service (MSS) is now being developed. In this paper the projected possibilities of the MSS system are discussed, including a possibility that a piggyback-MSS payload be added to the GSTAR-4 satellite which is scheduled for a launch in 1988 or 1989; one in which some of the hardware from aborted direct-broadcast satellites would be used; and the possibility of building a new MSS satellite with large servicing capacity. Canada is planning to launch its own mobile satellite, MSAT, in the early 1990s. The MSS is expected to be 'generic', serving not only people on land but maritime and aeronautical users as well. It will also offer major benefits to truck and automobile drivers, making it possible for them to conduct business or to call for assistance from locations beyond the range of cellular systems.

Brus, Eric

1987-12-01

162

Malnutrition and disability: unexplored opportunities for collaboration  

PubMed Central

There is increasing international interest in the links between malnutrition and disability: both are major global public health problems, both are key human rights concerns, and both are currently prominent within the global health agenda. In this review, interactions between the two fields are explored and it is argued that strengthening links would lead to important mutual benefits and synergies. At numerous points throughout the life-cycle, malnutrition can cause or contribute to an individual’s physical, sensory, intellectual or mental health disability. By working more closely together, these problems can be transformed into opportunities: nutrition services and programmes for children and adults can act as entry points to address and, in some cases, avoid or mitigate disability; disability programmes can improve nutrition for the children and adults they serve. For this to happen, however, political commitment and resources are needed, as are better data. PMID:25309998

Groce, N; Challenger, E; Berman-Bieler, R; Farkas, A; Yilmaz, N; Schultink, W; Clark, D; Kaplan, C; Kerac, M

2014-01-01

163

DISABILITY AND MARGINAL UTILITY OF INCOME: EVIDENCE FROM HYPOTHETICAL CHOICES.  

PubMed

It is often assumed that disability reduces the marginal utility of income. In this article, individuals' marginal utility of income in two states-(i) paralyzed in both legs from birth and (ii) not mobility impaired at all-is measured through hypothetical choices between imagined lotteries behind a so-called veil of ignorance. The outcomes of the lotteries include both income and disability status. It is found that most people have higher marginal utility when paralyzed than when not mobility impaired at all. The two marginal utilities are evaluated at the same levels of income. Having personal experience of mobility impairment and supporting the Left Party, the Social Democratic Party, the Green Party, or the Liberal Party are associated with having a higher marginal utility when paralyzed. The results suggest that more than full insurance of income losses connected to being disabled is optimal. The results further suggest that, given a utilitarian social welfare function, resources should be transferred to rather than from disabled people. Finally, if the transfers are not large enough to smooth out the marginal utilities of the disabled and the nondisabled, distributional weights based on disability status should be used in cost-benefit analysis. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:23532796

Tengstam, Sven

2013-03-27

164

Repositioning Mothers: Mothers, Disabled Children and Disability Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we set out to review the ways in which mothers of disabled children have been portrayed within disability studies and the more broader academic literature. We argue that within disability studies mothers of disabled children occupy a liminal position because they are often not disabled and yet they can experience forms of…

Ryan, Sara; Runswick-Cole, Katherine

2008-01-01

165

Feminist disability theory: domestic violence against women with a disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Women with a disability continue to experience social oppression and domestic violence as a consequence of gender and disability dimensions. Current explanations of domestic violence and disability inadequately explain several features that lead women who have a disability to experience violent situations. This article incorporates both disability and material feminist theory as an alternative explanation to the dominant approaches (psychological

Jennifer M. Mays

2006-01-01

166

A Conceptual Foundation for Measures of Physical Function and Behavioral Health Function for Social Security Work Disability Evaluation  

PubMed Central

Physical and mental impairments represent the two largest health condition categories for which workers receive Social Security disability benefits. Comprehensive assessment of physical and mental impairments should include aspects beyond medical conditions such as a person’s underlying capabilities as well as activity demands relevant to the context of work. The objective of this paper is to describe the initial conceptual stages of developing new measurement instruments of behavioral health and physical functioning relevant for Social Security work disability evaluation purposes. To outline a clear conceptualization of the constructs to be measured, two content models were developed using structured and informal qualitative approaches. We performed a structured literature review focusing on work disability and incorporating aspects of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) as a unifying taxonomy for framework development. Expert interviews provided advice and consultation to enhance face validity of the resulting content models. The content model for work-related behavioral health function identifies five major domains (1) Behavior Control, (2) Basic Interactions, (3) Temperament and Personality, (4) Adaptability, and (5) Workplace Behaviors. The content model describing physical functioning includes three domains (1) Changing and Maintaining Body Position, (2) Whole Body Mobility, and (3) Carrying, Moving and Handling Objects. These content models informed subsequent measurement properties including item development, measurement scale construction, and provided conceptual coherence guiding future empirical inquiry. The proposed measurement approaches show promise to comprehensively and systematically assess physical and behavioral health functioning relevant to work. PMID:23548543

Marfeo, Elizabeth E.; Haley, Stephen M.; Jette, Alan M.; Eisen, Susan V.; Ni, Pengsheng; Bogusz, Kara; Meterko, Mark; McDonough, Christine M.; Chan, Leighton; Brandt, Diane E.; Rasch, Elizabeth K.

2014-01-01

167

The Evolving Understanding of the Construct of Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses two major areas concerned with the evolving understanding of the construct of intellectual disability. The first part of the article discusses current answers to five critical questions that have revolved around the general question, "What is Intellectual Disability?" These five are what to call the phenomenon, how to…

Schalock, Robert L.

2011-01-01

168

Inclusion in Regeneration: A Place for Disabled People?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Single Regeneration Budget (SRB) is a major policy tool for tackling inequality within British cities. Surveys of 200 public-private-community SRB partnerships examined the involvement of people with disabilities in the partnerships. Results indicated that people with disabilities tended to be targets of projects rather than active…

Edwards, Claire

2001-01-01

169

Disability and Gender: The Case of the Philippines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Addressing gender gaps is a major development objective anywhere in the world. This paper aims to illustrate that this is far more critical in the presence of another social layer – disability. Among persons with disability (PWDs), the gap between men and women are more distinct, their conditions more dismal with poverty as their needs are different. Apart from poverty,

Aubrey D. Tabuga; Christian D. Mina

2011-01-01

170

Wake Up Call: Pregnant and Parenting Teens with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pregnancy among all teenagers is a major challenge facing the United States. A literature review indicated little research on the incidences of pregnancy and parenting among teenagers with disabilities, similarities and differences in their educational needs when compared to their non-disabled peers, and how programs address their specific…

Jones, Karen H.; Woolcock-Henry, Constance O.; Domenico, Desirae M.

2005-01-01

171

Social Security for Persons with Disabilities in India  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the programmes of Social Security are to guarantee income maintenance or income support, the condition of the disabled persons is somewhat different. Some might have become disabled due to work injury or accident or due to some other contingency during their work life. Such persons have employment related social security schemes in operation in India. However, there are majority

P Madhava Rao

172

Overweight and Obesity in Older People with Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Overweight and obesity are major health problems associated with increased cardiovascular disease risk, which is not sufficiently studied in people with intellectual disability yet. The present study was part of the Healthy Ageing in Intellectual Disability (HA-ID) study. The aim of this study was to establish (1) the prevalence of overweight,…

de Winter, C. F.; Bastiaanse, L. P.; Hilgenkamp, T. I. M.; Evenhuis, H. M.; Echteld, M. A.

2012-01-01

173

Overweight and obesity in older people with intellectual disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Overweight and obesity are major health problems associated with increased cardiovascular disease risk, which is not sufficiently studied in people with intellectual disability yet. The present study was part of the Healthy Ageing in Intellectual Disability (HA-ID) study. The aim of this study was to establish (1) the prevalence of overweight, obesity and body fat percentage in older people with

C. F. de Winter; L. P. Bastiaanse; T. I. M. Hilgenkamp; H. M. Evenhuis; M. A. Echteld

174

Perceptions of Self-Efficacy among STEM Students with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Numerous studies examine the relationship between self-efficacy and positive outcomes for postsecondary students. Collectively they echo that self-efficacy is an essential component to positive outcomes. Relatively few studies focused on students with disabilities majoring in STEM fields. Twenty postsecondary students with disabilities

Jenson, Ronda J.; Petri, Alexis N.; Day, Arden D.; Truman, Kevin Z.; Duffy, Kate

2011-01-01

175

SDS/forms/psychological verification form. CERTIFICATION OF PSYCHOLOGICAL DISABILITY  

E-print Network

of limitation. Life Activity No Impact Moderate Impact Severe Impact Don't Know Concentrating Memory Sleeping;SDS/forms/psychological verification form. Life Activity No Impact Moderate Impact Severe Impact Don that a specific disability exists and that the identified disability substantially limits one or more major life

Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

176

Mobilization and redistribution of major and trace elements in two weathering profiles developed on serpentinites in the Lomié ultramafic complex, South-East Cameroon  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The behaviour of major and trace elements have been studied along two serpentinite weathering profiles located in the Kongo-Nkamouna and Mang North sites of the Lomié ultramafic complex. The serpentinites are characterized by high SiO 2 and MgO contents, very low trace, rare earth and platinum-group element contents. Lanthanide and PGE contents are higher in the Nkamouna sample than in Mang North. Normalized REE patterns according to the CI chondrites reveal that: (i) all REE are below chondrites abundances in the Mang North sample; (ii) the (La/Yb) N ratio value is higher in the Nkamouna sample (23.72) than in the Mang one (1.78), this confirms the slightly more weathered nature of the Nkamouna sample. Normalized PGE patterns according to the same CI chondrites reveal a negative Pt anomaly in the Mang sample. The Nkamouna sample is characterized by a flat normalized PGE pattern. All element contents increase highly from the parent rock to the coarse saprolite. In the weathering profiles, Fe 2O 3 contents decrease from the bottom to the top contrarily to Al 2O 3, SiO 2 and TiO 2. The contents of alkali and alkaline oxides are under detection limit. Concerning trace elements, Cr, Ni, Co, Cu, Zn and Sc decrease considerably from the bottom to the top while Zr, Th, U, Be, Sb, Sn, W, Ta, Sr, Rb, Hf, Y, Li, Ga, Nb and Pb increase towards the clayey surface soil. Chromium, Ni and Co contents are high in the weathered materials in particular in the saprolite zone and in the nodules. REE contents are high in the weathered materials, particularly in Nkamouna. Their concentrations decrease along both profiles. Light REE are more abundant than heavy REE. Normalized REE patterns according to the parent rock reveal positive Ce anomalies in all the weathered materials and negative Eu anomalies only at the bottom of the coarse saprolite (Nkamouna site). Positive Ce anomalies are higher in the nodular horizon of both profiles. An additional calculation method of lanthanide anomalies, using NASC data, confirms positive Ce anomalies ([Ce/Ce ?] NASC = 1.15 to 60.68) in several weathered materials except in nodules ([Ce/Ce ?] NASC = 0.76) of the upper nodular horizon (Nkamouna profile). The (La/Yb) N ratios values are lower in the Nkamouna profile than in Mang site. PGE are more abundant in the weathered materials than in the parent rock. The highest contents are obtained in the coarse saprolite and in the nodules. The elements with high contents along both profiles are Pt (63-70 ppb), Ru (49-52 ppb) and Ir (41 ppb). Normalized PGE patterns show positive Pt anomalies and negative Ru anomalies. The mass balance evaluation, using thorium as immobile element, reveals that: major elements have been depleted along the weathering profile, except for Fe, Mn and Ti that have been enriched even only in the coarse saprolite; all the trace elements have been depleted along both profiles, except for Cr, Co, Zn, Sc, Cu, Ba, Y, Ga, U and Nb that have been enriched in the coarse saprolite; rare earth elements have been abundantly accumulated in the coarse saprolite, before their depletion towards the top of the profiles; platinum-group elements have been abundantly accumulated in the coarse saprolite but have been depleted towards the clayey surface soil. Moreover, from a pedogenetical point of view, this study shows that the weathering profiles are autochtonous, except in the upper part of the soils where some allochtonous materials are revealed by the presence of zircon grains.

Ndjigui, Paul-Désiré; Bilong, Paul; Bitom, Dieudonné; Dia, Abdoulaye

2008-03-01

177

Political Science Theory and Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Disability has emerged as an important social and political issue since the mid–twentieth century. Largely through the efforts of the disability rights movement, dramatic shifts have occurred in society's understanding of the nature of disability, disabled people's roles, and the content of public policies to address disability. Theories from the discipline of political science can enhance our understanding of the

Sara E. Kimberlin

2009-01-01

178

Disability in an eastern religious context: historical perspectives.  

PubMed

Disability in the past of eastern religions has attracted little formal or comparative scrutiny. A range is sketched here of historical data, viewpoints and attitudes on disability in Hinduism, Buddhism and Islam, which continue to influence the thoughts of half the world's population. Approaches for more detailed studies are suggested, moving towards such global measures for understanding, remediating and accommodating disability as would be more appropriate and acceptable to the non-western majority. Popular notions associated with disabilities in these religions are discussed. PMID:11640073

Miles, M

1995-01-01

179

Rehabilitation engineers help people with disabilities with wireless technology LATEST NEWS  

E-print Network

Rehabilitation engineers help people with disabilities with wireless technology SEARCH LATEST NEWS Research Horizons Magazine November 27, 2002 Rehabilitation Engineers' Emphasis on Helping People research projects now under way at the new Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center on Mobile Wireless

180

Dermatology and the Americans With Disabilities Act: A review of the case law  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) defines disability as a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities. Although dermatology has received relatively little attention in the context of disability law, dermatologic diseases are properly covered by the ADA and are subject to the same criteria as other medical conditions. A Lexis-Nexis search of federal

Mary L. Curry; James A. Curry; Clay J. Cockerell

2002-01-01

181

Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity in Children with Intellectual Disabilities in Korea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Overweight and obesity in children with intellectual disabilities may be a major health threat. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of overweight and obesity in Korean children with intellectual disabilities aged 7-18 years who did not have specific genetic syndromes or physical disabilities. Materials and methods:…

Choi, Eunsook; Park, HyunJu; Ha, Yeongmi; Hwang, Won Ju

2012-01-01

182

Monitoring for Accessibility and University Websites: Meeting the Needs of People with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), people with disabilities are guaranteed access to all postsecondary programs and services. The purpose of this study, conducted by the Center for Excellence in Disabilities, was to evaluate the current status of a major university's web accessibility. The results indicated that in 2011 only 51%…

Solovieva, Tatiana I.; Bock, Jeremy M.

2014-01-01

183

On Target? Canada's Employment-Related Programs for Persons with Disabilities. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents results of a major study of the policies and programs that affect whether people with disabilities take part in the Canadian labor force. It concludes that people with disabilities are excluded, not primarily because of their disability nor its severity, but rather because of barriers resulting from public policy and program…

G. Allan Roeher Inst., Toronto (Ontario).

184

A Westerner's impression of the place of people with a disability in Asian society  

Microsoft Academic Search

From a Westerner's perspective of the place of people with a disability in Asian society, there are similarities and differences between the two societies. A major problem for the Asian countries is their lack of reliable disability prevalence data. The stigmatization of people with a disability remains an international problem and is not confined to Asian cultures. It is argued

Trevor R. Parmenter

2012-01-01

185

The Fairness of Report Card Grading Adaptations: What Do Students with and without Learning Disabilities Think?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of 15 high school students with learning disabilities and 257 typical students found no grading adaptation was viewed as fair by a majority of students without disabilities. Changing the grading scale and raising grades to reflect improvement were viewed as fair adaptations by the students with disabilities. (CR)

Bursuck, William D.; Munk, Dennis D.; Olson, Mary M.

1999-01-01

186

Meeting the Needs of English Language Learners With Learning Disabilities in the General Curriculuam  

Microsoft Academic Search

To be academically successful in general education classrooms, English language learners (ELLs) with learning disabilities (LD) need instruction that is simultaneously responsive to their disability, English language status, and culture. Because the majority of students with LD have reading disabilities, ESL and classroom teachers must be familiar with instructional strategies that will support language and literacy development in the content

Shernaz B. García; Brenda-Jean Tyler

2010-01-01

187

"So Much Potential in Reading!" Developing Meaningful Literacy Routines for Students with Multiple Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children with multiple disabilities, often experience challenges in communication, mobility, and learning. Despite these challenges, substantial research exists that documents successful educational methods and strategies for these students. Specifically, students with multiple disabilities have successfully been taught to use a voice output…

Fenlon, Amanda G.; McNabb, Jessica; Pidlypchak, Harmony

2010-01-01

188

A Wheelchair User with Visual and Intellectual Disabilities Managing Simple Orientation Technology for Indoor Travel  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Persons with profound visual impairments and other disabilities, such as neuromotor and intellectual disabilities, may encounter serious orientation and mobility problems even in familiar indoor environments, such as their homes. Teaching these persons to develop maps of their daily environment, using miniature replicas of the areas or some…

Lancioni, Giulio E.; O'Reilly, Mark F.; Singh, Nirbhay N.; Sigafoos, Jeff; Campodonico, Francesca; Oliva, Doretta

2009-01-01

189

Security versus Energy Tradeoffs in Host-Based Mobile Malware Detection  

E-print Network

Security versus Energy Tradeoffs in Host-Based Mobile Malware Detection Jeffrey Bickford H. Andrés The rapid growth of mobile malware necessitates the presence of robust malware detectors on mobile devices. However, running malware detectors on mobile devices may drain their battery, caus- ing users to disable

Shihada, Basem

190

Disability: a welfarist approach  

PubMed Central

In this paper, we offer a new account of disability. According to our account, some state of a person's biology or psychology is a disability if that state makes it more likely that a person's life will get worse, in terms of his or her own wellbeing, in a given set of social and environmental circumstances. Unlike the medical model of disability, our welfarist approach does not tie disability to deviation from normal species’ functioning, nor does it understand disability in essentialist terms. Like the social model of disability, the welfarist approach sees disability as a harmful state that results from the interaction between a person's biology and psychology and his or her surrounding environment. However, unlike the social model, it denies that the harm associated with disability is entirely due to social prejudice or injustice. In this paper, we outline and clarify the welfarist approach, answer common objections and illustrate its usefulness in addressing a range of difficult ethical questions involving disability. PMID:22140353

Savulescu, Julian; Kahane, Guy

2011-01-01

191

Disability and global development.  

PubMed

The United States invests billions of taxpayer dollars each year into foreign assistance programs that foster international diplomacy and development directed toward improving the quality of life for people around the world. These programs develop economies and combat poverty, promote democracy and governance, build new infrastructure, advance and protect human rights, among other development goals. The United States cannot effectively accomplish the goals of foreign assistance programs unless it undertakes measures to ensure that the programs are accessible to and inclusive of people with disabilities. The United States has been a leader in advancing the rights of people with disabilities and must continue to promote disability rights through its international development work. Overseas economic development will not be successful unless people with disabilities are included. Because of the significant number of people with disabilities in developing countries, if they are not included, the very economic growth the United States is trying to foster will be hindered. The goals of democracy and governance programs cannot be achieved without the inclusion of people with disabilities. In many countries, domestic law contains blatant discriminatory provisions for people with disabilities that undermine access to justice and full participation in society. The provisions that discriminate against people with disabilities include arbitrary exclusions in electoral codes, sweeping plenary guardianship laws with no due-process protections, discriminatory banking practices, and inaccessible court proceedings. National disability legal frameworks remain underdeveloped throughout the world. PMID:22726852

Durocher, Joan; Lord, Janet; Defranco, Allison

2012-07-01

192

Disability Employment Awareness Month: Census Bureau Data on Disability  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Census Bureau observes October as Disability Employment Awareness Month with statistics pertaining to disabled employees in the United States workforce. Almost one in five Americans, or 54 million, report that they have some kind of disability; 26 million say their disability is severe. During the employable years, between the ages of 21 and 64, 82 percent of non-disabled Americans held jobs or businesses, as compared with 77 percent of those with nonsevere disabilities, and 26 percent of Americans with severe disabilities. In 1991, only 23 percent of Americans with severe disabilities had jobs, representing a three percent rise.

193

Self-Esteem of Children and Adolescents with Physical Disabilities: Quantitative Evidence from Meta-Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous studies on self-esteem of young people with physical disabilities have yielded discrepant results. There is a need for the succinct synthesis of the studies to understand the relationship between physical disabilities and self-esteem. This study aimed to examine the effects of minor physical disabilities (e.g., clumsiness, developmental coordination disorder) on different domains of self-esteem, and major physical disabilities (e.g,

Motohide Miyahara; Jan Piek

2006-01-01

194

Prevalence of children with disabilities in central region, Ghana.  

PubMed

A cross sectional survey was conducted in Central Region, Ghana to determine the prevalence of children with disabilities. Forty-seven (1.8%) out of a total of 2,556 children under fifteen years of age had disabilities. About a third, had difficulty with movement of which post poliomyelitis infection disability formed the majority. Twelve children (25.5%) had difficulty with hearing and speech (deaf and dumb). Three children were reported as having epilepsy and 2 others had mental retardation. There was no case of total blindness, however, two children complained of poor vision and three others had a squint. Other disabilities identified, included one child each with kyphosis (hunch back), hydrocephalus (very large head) and extensive facial scars from burns. Disability was more common among children who had not been immunized or who did not have immunization card at the time of interview. The prevalence of disability was higher among female children in the rural community and in children with no formal education. Prevalence of disability increased with age. The prevalence of disability was 14.4 per 1,000 for children (1-5) years, 16.6 per 1000 for children (6-9) years and 3.7 per 1,000 for (10-15) years age group. Younger children had better immunization status and lower disability rates. Thirty percent of the children with disability said they were experiencing discrimination especially among the female children. This study has demonstrated that there is a need to intensify the preventive efforts at reducing the problem of childhood disability and to increase public support to the disabled children by avoiding discrimination and encouraging education and training of the disabled children. PMID:11922161

Biritwum, R B; Devres, J P; Ofosu-Amaah, S; Marfo, C; Essah, E R

2001-01-01

195

Identification of Learning Disabled Adolescents: A Bayesian Approach  

E-print Network

The identification of learning disabled adolescents for program placement is a major concern of school personnel. The identification model discussed in this article addresses an array of problems associated with identification ...

Alley, Gordon R.; Deshler, Donald D.; Warner, Michael M.

1980-01-01

196

Helping Students with Mathematical Disabilities to Succeed  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers and parents are often perplexed when an intelligent student performs poorly in mathematics. Research tells us that this is often due to math disability, otherwise known as "dyscalculia". The authors define dyscalculia and describe its major subtypes. Also, the authors describe characteristics of dyscalculia and explain why dyscalculia is…

Wadlington, Elizabeth; Wadlington, Patrick L.

2008-01-01

197

SEXUAL VIOLENCE AGAINST INTELLECTUALLY DISABLED VICTIMS  

Microsoft Academic Search

THE PAST TWO DECADES HAVE WITNESSED IMPORTANT CHANGES IN THE living, working and social environments of intellectuall y disabled people. Negative stereotypes of eternal children, or sub-human beings with little or no quality of life, have been replaced by positive developmental perspectives which emphasise the individual's ability to grow, learn and to take risks. A major concept underpinning the changes

Susan Hayes

198

Learning about Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author describes lessons provided for regular class elementary students to help them understand disabilities and disabled persons. Objectives, materials needed, and activities are outlined for six lessons focusing on the following topics: individual differences, wheelchairs; devices that help people walk; amputation, artificial limbs, and…

Popp, Rita Ann

1983-01-01

199

Disability Equality An Overview  

E-print Network

education, facilities or support to ensure disabled students achieve the highest level of programme outcomes of developing practices and meeting needs. 1 #12;#12;Aims of the Scheme The aims of our DES are based or potentially discriminatory practice or adverse impact based on disability. 11 Develop guidance and provide

200

Information For Disabled  

E-print Network

the Disability and Dyslexia Support Service. The Service facilitates students' full inclusion in academic life and Dyslexia Support Service? 3 2. How to contact us 4 3. Applying to the university and accessing support 5 a/from the University 30 l. Securing personal care support 31 Index 32 #12;3 1. What is the Disability and Dyslexia

Li, Yi

201

Ghana: Disability and Spirituality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This descriptive study explores the educational system and attitudes toward disability in the Volta Region of Ghana. Traditional, Christian, and Islamic beliefs toward disability are explored. Educators from Accra and three families from the Volta Region with children with special needs are interviewed in an effort to explore the connection…

Botts, Betsy H.; Evans, William H.

2010-01-01

202

The Experience of Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author outlines the experiences of disability and demonstrates that generally unpleasant experiences are the direct result of a basic and false assumption on the part of society. Experiences of the disabled are discussed in areas the author categorizes as exclusion or segregation, deprivation, prejudice, poverty, frustration, and…

Hastings, Elizabeth

1981-01-01

203

Assessment of Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The assessment and diagnosis of learning disabilities (LD) in the school is problematic. How do educators determine who is learning disabled? What practices are recommended? The main focus of the paper is on specific, relatively technical points that influence the validity of assessment. Since technical concerns are only one of the factors…

Shepard, Lorrie A.

204

Disabilities in Written Expression  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Regular education teachers may have received inadequate preparation to work with the variety of student disabilities encountered in the classroom, or they may have received limited training regarding the full range of learning disabilities and their effects on classroom performance. Along with problems in the area of math, students may also have…

Gardner, Teresa J.

2011-01-01

205

Disciplining Students with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discipline in schools can be difficult, especially when dealing with students with disabilities. In fact, Clash (2006) reported that working with students with disabilities under stringent legal demands has become a source of stress for many principals. The typical principal has not received extensive preservice or inservice training in this area.…

Burton, Janieth

2012-01-01

206

2005 Disability Awareness Night  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The mission of Disability Awareness Night is to expand awareness of the 54 million Americans with disabilities, by highlighting their extraordinary achievements and the perseverance and dedication of the families, caregivers, physicians, nurses, therapists and teachers involved in their care and development. The presentation of the EP Maxwell…

Exceptional Parent, 2005

2005-01-01

207

Learning Disabilities: Lifelong Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains papers on learning disabilities based on presentations made at the "Summit on Learning Disabilities: A National Responsibility," held in September 1994. The first section provides an overview and includes "The State of Research" (G. Reid Lyon). The second section focuses on education and includes: "Preventing Early Reading…

Cramer, Shirley C., Ed.; Ellis, William, Ed.

208

Dads and Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This theme issue focuses on the relationship of fathers and their children with disabilities. It reports a study of 86 Kansas fathers of children (ages 5 to 8) with and without disabilities. The study was conducted in order to identify more options for fathers wishing to increase their involvement with their children. The study sent surveys of…

Higgins, Cindy, Ed.

1995-01-01

209

Disability Employment 101  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Business is about productivity and maintaining a competitive advantage. To do this, business needs qualified workers. Hiring people with disabilities adds value to a business and will attract new customers. Disability is not inability. President Bush's position is that he "will not be satisfied until every American who wants to work can find a…

US Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

210

Disability Employment 101  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Business is about productivity and maintaining a competitive advantage. To do this, business needs qualified workers. Hiring people with disabilities adds value to a business and will attract new customers. Disability is not inability. President Bush's position is that he "will not be satisfied until every American who wants a job can find a job,…

US Department of Education, 2005

2005-01-01

211

Disability Employment 101  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Business is about productivity and maintaining a competitive advantage. To do this, business needs qualified workers. Hiring people with disabilities adds value to a business and will attract new customers. Disability is not inability. Employers can make sound business decisions and gain a competitive advantage by using this guide to increase the…

US Department of Education, 2007

2007-01-01

212

Mobile Computing/Mobile Computing/Mobile Computing/Mobile Computing/ Mobile NetworksMobile NetworksMobile NetworksMobile Networks  

E-print Network

Mobile Computing/Mobile Computing/Mobile Computing/Mobile Computing/ Mobile NetworksMobile NetworksMobile NetworksMobile Networks Mobile IP Prof. Chansu Yu Quiz What is the role of IP? Does the router have two IP for Wired Network Mobile IP Overview Basic Mobile IP Agent Discovery Registration Tunneling Route

Yu, Chansu

213

Research into Telecommunications Options for People with Physical Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

People with a disability do not have equitable access to the modern telecommunication medium. Many experience difficulty typing, handling the phone, dialing, or answering calls. For those who are unable to speak, the only option is to type messages using whatever functional control site exists on their body. The provision of accessible mobile

Nguyen, Toan; Garrett, Rob; Downing, Andrew; Walker, Lloyd; Hobbs, David

2007-01-01

214

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA): The Definition of Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

[From Summary] The threshold issue in any Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) case is whether the individual alleging discrimination is an individual with a disability. The ADA definition is a functional one and does not list specific disabilities. It defines the term disability with respect to an individual as \\

Nancy Lee Jones

2006-01-01

215

Exploring Postsecondary Education Disability Service's Standards: Alignment with Disability Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study analyzing the perspectives held by higher education's disability service providers in regards to disability and/or students with disabilities in the implementation of program standards was carried out using a sequential mixed-methods design. Using the knowledge gather by Disability Studies scholars, the study used the constructs of…

Guzman, Alberto

2009-01-01

216

Disability and Health: Exploring the Disablement Experience of Young Adult African Americans  

PubMed Central

Purpose The objective of this study was to examine disablement as experienced by young adult African American men and women with permanent mobility impairment. Methods This study included a sample of 5 male and 5 female participants ranging in age from 22 to 39. An exploratory descriptive design and qualitative methods, including interviews and fieldnotes, were used. Interview data was analyzed using the process of inductive qualitative content analysis. Results Basic desires for independence, shared intimacy, and psychological and physical health were not diminished by physical limitations. The disablement experience of this group is reflected in the themes of “Cumulative Losses” and “Sustained Desires.” The findings of this study describe the high level of motivation that young adult African American men and women with disabilities have to improve levels of health and well-being within the context of their impairments. Conclusion This study provides a better understanding of the contextual factors and experiences that may contribute to the development of further disability and subsequent health-related problems over time. Increased knowledge of the disablement experience of these young men and women may assist health care entities and social service providers in improving health care and rehabilitation efforts targeting this group. PMID:23745770

Harrison, Tracie

2013-01-01

217

People with Learning Disabilities Living in Community-Based Homes: The Relationship of Quality of Life with Age and Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Living in a Supervised Home: A Questionnaire on Quality of Life" was used to study the relationship between age, disability, and the quality of life of 57 older adults with mental retardation. Results indicated that age was associated with greater self-help skills but more mobility and continence problems; also, age was positively associated with…

Jones, J.; And Others

1996-01-01

218

[Disability, vacation and travel--goals of a humane travel culture].  

PubMed

In our society, holiday-making and travelling have become civic rights. Handicapped people however frequently find this "civic right to holiday travelling" difficult to implement in the usual manner. Mobility barriers, behavioural uncertainty in the social-communicative contact of disabled and non-disabled people but also financial limitations act as disincentives. It therefore is necessary that disabled persons' organizations, non-profit and commercial service providers but also the Federal government step-up their involvement in this field and get efforts toward improvement started, an endeavour that could be coordinated and inspired by the Tourism and People with Disabilities working group established in 1989. PMID:1386157

Wilken, U

1992-05-01

219

Functional Capacity Evaluation & Disability  

PubMed Central

Function, Impairment, and Disability are words in which many physicians have little interest. Most physicians are trained to deal with structure and physiology and not function and disability. The purpose of this article is to address some of the common questions that many physicians have with the use of functional capacity evaluation and disability and also to provide a unifying model that can explain the medical and societal variables in predicting disability. We will first define the functional capacity evaluation (FCE) and explore the different types available as well as their uses. We will review several studies exploring the validity and reliability of the FCE on healthy and chronic pain patients. We will examine the few studies that look into whether an FCE is predictive of return to work and whether an FCE is predictive of disability. In the second half of this article, we will focus on the Assessment of Disability from the origins of the United States Social Security Administration to a bold new concept, the World Health Organization's International Classification of Function, Disability and Health. PMID:17907444

Chen, Joseph J

2007-01-01

220

Paralympic Athletes and "Knowing Disability"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores non-disabled young people's understandings of Paralympic athletes and the disability sports they play. The article examines how society has come to know disability by discussing medical and social model views of disability. The conceptual tools offered by Pierre Bourdieu are utilised as a means of understanding the nature and…

Fitzgerald, Hayley

2012-01-01

221

The Excessive Appearance of Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper engages the appearance of disability in contemporary Western culture. Rather than taking disability for granted as a biomedical condition, I interrogate how disability is made to appear in our culture, including its appearance as a biomedical condition. Fundamentally, disability appears to us as a trouble and, as such, cultural…

Michalko, Rod

2009-01-01

222

Mobile learning in medicine  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper outlines the main infrastructure for implicating mobile learning in medicine and present a sample mobile learning application for medical learning within the framework of mobile learning systems. Mobile technology is developing nowadays. In this case it will be useful to develop different learning environments using these innovations in internet based distance education. M-learning makes the most of being on location, providing immediate access, being connected, and acknowledges learning that occurs beyond formal learning settings, in places such as the workplace, home, and outdoors. Central to m-learning is the principle that it is the learner who is mobile rather than the device used to deliver m learning. The integration of mobile technologies into training has made learning more accessible and portable. Mobile technologies make it possible for a learner to have access to a computer and subsequently learning material and activities; at any time and in any place. Mobile devices can include: mobile phone, personal digital assistants (PDAs), personal digital media players (eg iPods, MP3 players), portable digital media players, portable digital multimedia players. Mobile learning (m-learning) is particularly important in medical education, and the major users of mobile devices are in the field of medicine. The contexts and environment in which learning occurs necessitates m-learning. Medical students are placed in hospital/clinical settings very early in training and require access to course information and to record and reflect on their experiences while on the move. As a result of this paper, this paper strives to compare and contrast mobile learning with normal learning in medicine from various perspectives and give insights and advises into the essential characteristics of both for sustaining medical education.

Serkan Güllüoü?lu, Sabri

2013-03-01

223

Disability, disorder, and identity.  

PubMed

The World Health Organization's International Classification of Diseases (ICD) is the most important diagnostic tool, worldwide, to ensure that people with intellectual and developmental disabilities receive the supports they need to live richer, fuller lives. And yet, the ICD has naming conventions that create a conundrum for the field, requiring that all "conditions" in the ICD be named as a "disorder." This article discusses the effect of naming on how people with intellectual disability are perceived by others and how they perceive themselves. The importance of continuing to move the field toward the adoption of functional/person-environment fit models of disability is discussed. PMID:23537360

Wehmeyer, Michael L

2013-04-01

224

Prevalence and correlates of disability in a late middle-aged population of women  

PubMed Central

Objectives This study estimates the prevalence of disability among late middle-aged women and identifies important correlates of disability among this population. Methods Disability was assessed among 376 participants of the Michigan Study of Women’s Health Across the Nation cohort at the 2011 follow-up using the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Scale. Demographic and health measures were related to disability status using logistic regression models (none or mild vs. moderate, severe or extreme disability). Results Nearly 25% of women reported moderate to extreme global disability. African-American race/ethnicity, economic strain, peripheral neuropathy and depressive symptomatology was associated with global disability. Obesity, knee osteoarthritis and hypertension were only associated with disability for the mobility domain (getting around). Discussion The prevalence of disability is relatively high among this population of late middle-aged women. Efforts to prevent or forestall disability should be extended to include mid-aged populations as they may be most amenable to intervention. PMID:23676712

Karvonen-Gutierrez, Carrie A.; Ylitalo, Kelly R.

2014-01-01

225

Using iPads with Students with Disabilities: Lessons Learned from Students, Teachers, and Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of mobile technology has increased greatly in recent years. Although the research in this area is still in its infancy, preliminary studies are showing a positive impact on the skills and academic engagement of students with disabilities. This column provides an overview of a selection of research studies involving mobile devices such as…

Draper Rodríguez, Cathi; Strnadová, Iva; Cumming, Therese

2014-01-01

226

76 FR 37025 - Make Inoperative Exemptions; Vehicle Modifications To Accommodate People With Disabilities, Side...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...exchange for continued mobility for people with disabilities and some enhancement...balance the mobility needs of people who must have vehicle modifications...seat is mounted on a 6-way power seat base). This is because...modifications to accommodate people with...

2011-06-24

227

The effect of smoking on the duration of life with and without disability, Belgium 1997–2011  

PubMed Central

Background Smoking is the single most important health threat yet there is no consistency as to whether non-smokers experience a compression of years lived with disability compared to (ex-)smokers. The objectives of the manuscript are (1) to assess the effect of smoking on the average years lived without disability (Disability Free Life Expectancy (DFLE)) and with disability (Disability Life Expectancy (DLE)) and (2) to estimate the extent to which these effects are due to better survival or reduced disability in never smokers. Methods Data on disability and mortality were provided by the Belgian Health Interview Survey 1997 and 2001 and a 10 years mortality follow-up of the survey participants. Disability was defined as difficulties in activities of daily living (ADL), in mobility, in continence or in sensory (vision, hearing) functions. Poisson and multinomial logistic regression models were fitted to estimate the probabilities of death and the prevalence of disability by age, gender and smoking status adjusted for socioeconomic position. The Sullivan method was used to estimate DFLE and DLE at age 30. The contribution of mortality and of disability to smoking related differences in DFLE and DLE was assessed using decomposition methods. Results Compared to never smokers, ex-smokers have a shorter life expectancy (LE) and DFLE but the number of years lived with disability is somewhat larger. For both sexes, the higher disability prevalence is the main contributing factor to the difference in DFLE and DLE. Smokers have a shorter LE, DFLE and DLE compared to never smokers. Both higher mortality and higher disability prevalence contribute to the difference in DFLE, but mortality is more important among males. Although both male and female smokers experience higher disability prevalence, their higher mortality outweighs their disability disadvantage resulting in a shorter DLE. Conclusion Smoking kills and shortens both life without and life with disability. Smoking related disability can however not be ignored, given its contribution to the excess years with disability especially in younger age groups. PMID:25026981

2014-01-01

228

Americans with Disabilities Act  

MedlinePLUS

... your child been rejected by a preschool or excluded from a field trip because a teacher was ... by individuals with disabilities. No one can be excluded or denied services just because he/she is ...

229

EVACUATION OF DISABLED PEOPLE  

E-print Network

. PERSONAL EMERGENCY EVACUATION PLAN (PEEP)..................................... 2 4. TECHNIQUES ..................................................................................................... 6 APPENDIX 1 EMERGENCY EVACUATION QUESTIONNAIRE FOR A DISABLED PERSON ....... 8 APPENDIX 2 PERSONAL EMERGENCY EVACUATION PLAN.................................................... 12 APPENDIX 3 PEEP

230

Disabilities Act in Action.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eight true or false questions explore implications of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. Topics include AIDS, drug abuse, undue hardship, reasonable accommodation, and company size affected by the law. (SK)

Daynes, Kristine S.

1990-01-01

231

Drugs, discrimination and disability.  

PubMed

Whether addiction to prohibited drugs should be classified as a disability for the purposes of disability discrimination is a controversial question in Australia. The leading Australian case of Marsden v Human Rights Equal Opportunity Commission & Coffs Harbour & District Ex-Servicemen & Women's Memorial Club Ltd (HREOC, No H98/51, 30 August 1999); [2000] FCA 1619 concerned a disability discrimination complaint brought by Mr Marsden as a result of his treatment by the club. The case was brought as a public interest test case by the New South Wales Legal Aid Commission. Mr Marsden was on a methadone program at the time. The reasoning of the decision at the Federal Court opened the way for a finding that dependence on illegal drugs constituted a disability under disability discrimination legislation. The media reaction to the court's decision led to State and federal governments proposing legislation limiting legal protection from discrimination for people addicted to illegal drugs on the basis of their drug use. While the proposed federal legislation lapsed after objections from a coalition of medical, legal and other advocacy groups, the New South Wales legislation still provides that, in employment matters, it is not unlawful to discriminate against a person on the ground of disability if the disability relates to the person's addiction to a prohibited drug and the person is actually addicted to a prohibited drug at the time of the discrimination. The article details the sequence of events in the Marsden case, reflects on the role of public interest litigation in achieving social justice outcomes and suggests that Australia's recent ratification of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities on 17 July 2008 should encourage legislators to review legislation which may have a discriminatory effect on people suffering from addictions. PMID:20169800

Gibson, Frances

2009-12-01

232

Utilitarianism, Disability, and Society  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a What are the social implications of utilitarianism with respect to disability? In this chapter I give a rough answer to this\\u000a question: the implications are well in accordance with our common sense thinking, once various prejudices in relation to disability\\u000a have been exposed. In order to be able to establish this claim, there are some obvious preliminaries that must be

Torbjörn Tännsjö

233

[Quality of life of athletes with disability and some aspects of equal possibilities].  

PubMed

The International Olympic and Paralympic Committees have decided that in 2012, the Olympic and Parolympic Games in London will take place at the same time. For this reason, the aim of our study was to determine whether athletes with disability in Lithuania have the same possibilities for sports - and thus for integration into the unified Lithuanian sports system - as those without disability. An anonymous inquiry of athletes with and without disability was performed in 2006. We analyzed 235 questionnaires filled in by the participants of the study; 159 subjects were with and 76 without disability. The Lithuanian Paralympic Committee approved the questionnaires and gave an agreement for the study. The inquiry was performed in Lithuanian sports clubs for the persons with disability and in the Lithuanian Academy of Physical Education. The obtained findings about the respondents' personality and environmental factors indicated that the indices of self-awareness in all athletes without disability were significantly higher than in athletes with disability (P<0.05). More than one-half (56.6%) of the respondents without disability indicated that their life was meaningful, whereas the respective percentage of athletes with disability was only 33.8% (P<0.05). As many as 59% of the respondents without disability were satisfied with their quality of life, compared to 36.2% of the respondents with disability. More than one-half (56.6%) of athletes without disability indicated that sports played an important role in their lives, whereas the respective percentage of athletes with disability was significantly lower - 33.2%. Only one-half (51.6%) of the participants with disability of the study had a permanent instructor (coach). The absolute majority of the respondents (irrespectively of the presence or absence of disability) indicated that sports helped them realize their potential. According to our findings, the majority of the respondents without disability (74.6%) and the absolute majority of respondents with disability (92.5%) indicated that sports of the persons with disability is not sufficiently propagated in mass media. Age and sex did not have any influence on the factors studied. Insufficient information about sports of the persons with disability and significantly lower indices in personality, physical and social environmental factors among athletes with disability are the main obstacles in the creation of an independent social sports system for the persons with disability and integration of these athletes into the general Lithuanian sports system in the aspect of equal possibilities. PMID:20516762

Samsoniene, Laimute; Baubinas, Algirdas; Adomaitiene, R?ta; Jankauskiene, Konstancija; Korotkich, Igor; Kevelaitis, Egidijus

2010-01-01

234

Common Threads '93: Equitable Solutions...Because Disability Is a Natural Part of Human Experience. Proceedings of a National Conference on Rural Disability Issues (Missoula, Montana, September 10-13, 1993).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This proceedings contains presentations, workshop summaries, program profiles, and other highlights of a conference on rural disability issues. The major conference theme was the normalcy of having a disability. A plenary discussion developed a list of 17 rural community disability priorities. Keynote speeches were: (1) "Rural Economies and…

Dwyer, Kathy, Ed.; And Others

235

Trends in the prevalence of physical and functional disability among Spanish elderly suffering from diabetes (2000–2007)  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined trends and associated factors of disability among Spanish elderly with diabetes from data of three National Health Surveys (NHS) from 2000 to 2007. Prevalence of disability was higher among diabetic elderly versus non-sufferers and increased over time. Adjusted OR for activities of daily living 1.66 (1.37–2.00); instrumental activities of daily living 1.52 (1.31–1.77) and mobility disability 1.7 (1.45–1.98).

Maria A. Martinez-Huedo; Ana Lopez de Andres; Valentin Hernandez-Barrera; Domingo Palacios-Ceńa; Pilar Carrasco-Garrido; David Martinez Hernandez; Rodrigo Jiménez-Garcia

236

Issues Using the Life History Calendar in Disability Research  

PubMed Central

Background Overall, there is a dearth of research reporting mixed-method data collection procedures using the LHC within disability research. Objective This report provides practical knowledge on use of the life history calendar (LHC) from the perspective of a mixed-method life history study of mobility impairment situated within a qualitative paradigm. Methods In this paper the method related literature referring to the LHC was reviewed along with its epistemological underpinnings. Further, the uses of the LHC in disability research were illustrated using preliminary data from reports of disablement in Mexican American and Non-Hispanic White women with permanent mobility impairment. Results From our perspective, the LHC was most useful when approached from an interpretive paradigm when gathering data from women of varied ethnic and socioeconomic strata. While we found the LHC the most useful tool currently available for studying disablement over the life course, there were challenges associated with its use. The LHC required extensive interviewer training. In addition, large segments of time were needed for completion depending on the type of participant responses. Conclusions Researchers planning to conduct a disability study may find our experience using the LHC valuable for anticipating issues that may arise when the LHC is used in mixed-method research. PMID:22014674

Scott, Tiffany N.; Harrison, Tracie

2011-01-01

237

Generalist genes and learning disabilities.  

PubMed

The authors reviewed recent quantitative genetic research on learning disabilities that led to the conclusion that genetic diagnoses differ from traditional diagnoses in that the effects of relevant genes are largely general rather than specific. This research suggests that most genes associated with common learning disabilities--language impairment, reading disability, and mathematics disability--are generalists in 3 ways. First, genes that affect common learning disabilities are largely the same genes responsible for normal variation in learning abilities. Second, genes that affect any aspect of a learning disability affect other aspects of the disability. Third, genes that affect one learning disability are also likely to affect other learning disabilities. These quantitative genetic findings have far-reaching implications for molecular genetics and neuroscience as well as psychology. PMID:16060804

Plomin, Robert; Kovas, Yulia

2005-07-01

238

Effects of Cognitive Strategy Interventions on Word Problem Solving and Working Memory in Children with Math Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although current categories of learning disabilities include as specific disabilities calculation and mathematical problem solving [see IDEA reauthorization, 2004, Sec. 300.8(c)(10)], the majority of research focuses on calculation disabilities. Previous studies have shown, however, that deficits in word problem solving difficulties are persistent…

Swanson, H. Lee; Lussier, Catherine; Orosco, Michael

2011-01-01

239

A Westerner's Impression of the Place of People with a Disability in Asian Society  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From a Westerner's perspective of the place of people with a disability in Asian society, there are similarities and differences between the two societies. A major problem for the Asian countries is their lack of reliable disability prevalence data. The stigmatization of people with a disability remains an international problem and is not…

Parmenter, Trevor R.

2014-01-01

240

Accuracy and Precision of the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory Computer-Adaptive Tests (PEDI-CAT)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aim: The aims of the study were to: (1) build new item banks for a revised version of the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI) with four content domains: daily activities, mobility, social/cognitive, and responsibility; and (2) use post-hoc simulations based on the combined normative and disability calibration samples to assess the…

Haley, Stephen M.; Coster, Wendy J.; Dumas, Helene M.; Fragala-Pinkham, Maria A.; Kramer, Jessica; Ni, Pengsheng; Tian, Feng; Kao, Ying-Chia; Moed, Rich; Ludlow, Larry H.

2011-01-01

241

Major Programs  

Cancer.gov

The Division of Cancer Prevention supports major scientific collaborations and research networks at more than100 sites across the United States; investigator-initiated grants; postdoctoral training; and specialized resources for researchers.

242

Helping Adult Educators Understand Disability Disclosure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To help adult educators understand the process of disability disclosure, descriptions of the following are provided: the Americans with Disability Act of 1990, self-disclosure, disability disclosure, and identifying an undiagnosed disability. (Author/JOW)

Rocco, Tonette S.

2001-01-01

243

Trends of utilization of government disability benefits among chronic mentally ill  

PubMed Central

Background: Mentally retarded and chronic mentally ill are being certified using IQ Assessment and Indian Disability Evaluation and Assessment Scale (IDEAS). They have been granted various benefits including monthly pension, from Ministry of Social Welfare, Government of India. The monthly pension appears to be the strongest reason for seeking certification and applying for government benefits. The caregivers appear to have only partial information and awareness about the remaining schemes. Objective: The study aims to assess the severity of disability in the mentally retarded and mentally ill who are certified for disability benefits, as well as to assess the trends of utilization of disability benefits over a 3 year period. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective, file review based study of certificates of patients certified for mental disability in the period of January 2006 to December 2008. Certificates of a total of 1794 mentally retarded and 285 mentally ill were reviewed. The data regarding utilization of disability benefits was assessed. Results: Patients from rural areas did not avail any benefits other than the disability pension. Among Mentally Ill, Schizophrenia accounted for highest certifications. Males had higher disability compared to females, and Dementia showed highest disability as per IDEAS. Conclusion: Though initial hurdles due to disability measurement have been crossed, disability benefits are still elusive to the vast majority of the disabled. Proper awareness and education will help in reducing the stigma and in the effective utilization of benefits. PMID:22556439

Kashyap, Kartik; Thunga, Ravish; Rao, Arun K.; Balamurali, N. P.

2012-01-01

244

SenSec: Mobile Security through Passive Sensing Jiang Zhu, Pang Wu, Xiao Wang, Joy Zhang  

E-print Network

SenSec: Mobile Security through Passive Sensing Jiang Zhu, Pang Wu, Xiao Wang, Joy Zhang Department uses passive sensory data to ensure the security of applications and data on mobile devices. Sen to provide active authentication (such as a strong password), or disable certain features of the mobile

Tague, Patrick

245

Teaching Self-Control Procedures to Learning Disabled Youths  

E-print Network

Carol Foster, Connie Dennis, and Joni Maxwell The cooperation of Tonganoxie USD #464, Dr. Stephen McClure, Superintendent of Schools; Mr. Marvin Pine, Principal, Tonganoxie Middle School; Mrs. Marilyn Daniels, resource room teacher; and the students... of Child Research, has specified the learning disabled adolescent and young adult as the target pop­ ulation. ·The major responsibility of the Institute is to de­ velop effective means of identifying learning disabled popula­ tions at the secondary l evel...

Foster, Carol; Dennis, Connie; Maxwell, Joni

1981-04-01

246

Bridging the Gap between Disability Studies and Disability Services in Higher Education: A Model Center on Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The professional field of Disability Services in Higher Education and the academic discipline of Disability Studies share a perspective on disability that considers disability as a socially constructed phenomenon. Despite this common underpinning, there has been little effort or inquiry into the ways that disability services and Disability Studies…

Strauss, Alan L.; Sales, Amos

2010-01-01

247

Disability in multiple sclerosis  

PubMed Central

Objective: To create a reference table of disability outcomes in multiple sclerosis (MS) that would enable patients to rank their disability relative to others' with similar disease duration and to develop a cost-effective research tool for comparing MS severity across patient populations and time periods. Methods: The North American Research Committee on Multiple Sclerosis (NARCOMS) Registry collects disability data from patients with MS on a validated, 9-point Patient-Determined Disease Steps (PDDS) scale. We compiled the Disability Expectancy Table, which displays cumulative frequencies of PDDS scores for each year of disease duration, from 0 to 45 years. We also tabulated disease duration–adjusted mean ranks of PDDS scores, referred to as Patient-derived MS Severity Scores (P-MSSS). Results: The cohort consisted of 27,918 NARCOMS enrollees, 72.7% of whom were female and 90.1% of whom were white. Mean age at symptom onset was 30.1 ± 10.1 years, and age at enrollment was 47.1 ± 11.0 years. The Disability Expectancy Table and P-MSSS afford a detailed overview of disability outcomes in a large MS cohort over a 45-year period. In the first year of disease, 15% of patients reported need of ambulatory aid, and 4% needed bilateral assistance or worse; after 45 years of disease, 76% of patients required ambulatory aid, and 52% bilateral assistance or worse. Proportion of patients who reported minimal or no interference in daily activities (PDDS ? 1) declined from 63% in the first year to 8% after 45 years of disease. Conclusion: The Disability Expectancy Table allows individual patients to determine how their disability ranks relative to NARCOMS enrollees with the same disease duration. P-MSSS may be used to compare disability across patient populations and to track disease progression in patient cohorts. P-MSSS does not require a formal neurologic examination and may therefore find wide applicability as a practical and cost-effective outcome measure in epidemiologic studies. PMID:23427319

Chamot, Eric; Salter, Amber R.; Cutter, Gary R.; Bacon, Tamar E.; Herbert, Joseph

2013-01-01

248

Disability Services Offices for Students with Disabilities: A Campus Resource  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Section 504 of the 1973 Rehabilitation Act and the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) are often the starting places for conversations about students with disabilities in higher education. Section 504 and the ADA provide mandates for protection from discrimination and provision of reasonable disability accommodations (e.g., sign language…

Cory, Rebecca C.

2011-01-01

249

Psychiatric Disabilities and the Americans with Disabilities Act  

Microsoft Academic Search

People with psychiatric disabilities are often victims of job discrimination. The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 makes it very clear that job discrimination based on a psychiatric impairment is illegal. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) reports that psychiatric disability is one of the leading causes why persons file discrimination complaints. Given this situation, an analysis is offered

John T. Pardeck

1998-01-01

250

Thrice Disabling Disability: Enabling Inclusive, Socially Just Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this inquiry was to create a social justice-oriented inclusive and enabling pedagogy by situating traditional individualised views of disability alongside three alternative understandings: a disability studies in education perspective, a First Nations view of disability and one based upon the autism pride/autism-as-culture movement.…

Thompson, S. Anthony

2012-01-01

251

Math Disabilities and Reading Disabilities: Can They Be Separated?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article synthesizes some of the published literature that selectively compares the cognitive functioning of children with math disabilities (MDs) with average-achieving children and poor readers (children with reading disabilities [RDs] or comorbid disabilities [RDs + MDs]). All studies in the synthesis report reading, IQ, and math scores for…

Swanson, H. Lee; Jerman, Olga; Zheng, Xinhua

2009-01-01

252

Disability and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome  

MedlinePLUS

... with CFS. Disability Evaluation Under Social Security (Blue Book - September 2008) The SSA has prepared the Disability Evaluation Under Social Security (known as the Blue Book) to help physicians and healthcare professionals understand how ...

253

Children with an Intellectual Disability  

MedlinePLUS

... a PDF version of this document . The term "intellectual disability" is a new term used in place of "mental retardation." Some think that an intellectual disability is diagnosed only on the basis of below- ...

254

Essays on disability and employment  

E-print Network

This dissertation consists of three essays which examine the impact of public policy on labor market outcomes of those with disabilities. The first essay analyzes a microlending program for people with disabilities in ...

Thompkins, Allison V. (Allison Victoria)

2011-01-01

255

Office of Disability Employment Policy  

MedlinePLUS

... Office of Disability Employment Policy Disability Policy. Employment Practice. Full Inclusion. About ODEP Topics Newsroom Events FAQs ... Research Tim at Work >> View more policies in practice Research & Technical Assistance Resources To develop and influence ...

256

Defining the Severely Mentally Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The known target population of severely mentally disabled in community mental health centers is defined. Criteria include intensive treatment contact and persistent, severe disability, but not diagnosis. Feasible and reliable screening procedures are demonstrated. (Author/BS)

Hargreaves, William A.; And Others

1984-01-01

257

Economic aspects of optimal disability benefits  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes optimal disability and retirement (or welfare) benefits with imperfect disability evaluation (with some able workers judged disabled and some disabled workers judged able). Thus the levels of both disability and retirement benefits affect labor supply. With anyone not working eligible for retirement benefits, we analyze the optimal structure of benefits for a given disability screening mechanism and

Peter Diamond; Eytan Sheshinski

1995-01-01

258

Women with Disabilities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new site from the National Women's Health Information Center offers a plethora of resources of interest to women with disabilities and those who work and live with them. Divided into topical areas such as abuse, parenting, and sexuality, the site has a range of information about different types of disabilities and how they may particularly affect women. Also provided is information on federal laws and regulations that protect those with disabilities as well as extensive lists of services and support resources. A section on statistics may prove especially useful to researchers and educators. This site has literally hundreds of helpful links and publications and will be useful to both the general public and professionals.

259

Issues in wireless mobile computing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The trend toward possible computers with interfaces to wireless network technologies is examined. The question of needed research and specification of hardware is discussed, the major challenges, such as services for the mobile user, mobile internetworking and adjusting to new technologies are described, and a listing of outstanding questions which must be resolved is presented

Dan Duchamp

1992-01-01

260

Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities  

E-print Network

Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities (MRDD) Branch NICHD Report to the NACHHD ..................................................................................................................... 15 OTHER MENTAL RETARDATION CONDITIONS

Rau, Don C.

261

The Americans with Disabilities Act  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored smaller businesses' understanding of and compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act, particularly as it relates to the accommodation of people with physical versus mental disabilities. An ADA compliance score was developed for personnel practices regarding employees with physical and mental disabilities and a comparison of scores was made between employers who could recall any of the

R. Paul Maiden; Beverly Younger

1996-01-01

262

The Gifted Learning Disabled Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of articles on gifted learning disabled students begins with an explanation of the philosophy of the Center for Talented Youth at Johns Hopkins University (Maryland), a list of characteristics of gifted disabled students, and three definitions of learning disabilities. The following papers are then provided: "Gifted but Learning…

1994

263

Perceived Disabilities, Social Cognition, and \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Article uses social cognition literature to analyze one form of non-prototypic employment discrimination under the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA). When enacting the ADA, Congress recognized that discrimination against individuals with disabilities is so pervasive that it reaches beyond those who possess substantially limiting impairments. Therefore, the ADA protects not only individuals who have an actual disability,

Michelle A. Travis

2002-01-01

264

Emerging Technologies and Cognitive Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cognitive disability entails a substantial limitation in one's capacity to think, including conceptualizing, planning, and sequencing thoughts and actions, remembering, interpreting subtle social cues, and understanding numbers and symbols. Cognitive disabilities include intellectual disabilities and can also stem from brain injury, Alzheimer's…

Braddock, David; Rizzolo, Mary C.; Thompson, Micah; Bell, Rodney

2004-01-01

265

Entrepreneurship among People with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief paper reviews the literature on entrepreneurship among people with disabilities. It notes that entrepreneurship by individuals with disabilities is often a consequence of disability discrimination in the workforce and provides both benefits and disadvantages such as independence and freedom from access-related obstacles (benefits) and…

Holub, Tamara

266

Literary Characters Who Are Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Determines which specific disability categories appear most often in literature, when they appear, and which authors have contributed most to their appearance. Physical disabilities have been portrayed most often, followed by alcoholism and sensory disorders. Most portrayals of disabilities appeared between 1900 and 1949 and Charles Dickens wrote…

Byrd, Keith; And Others

1986-01-01

267

Challenging the Myth of Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of the rhetoric of disability, including physical, hearing, and visual impairments, highlights possible benefits that computer technology can provide. Designing for disabled individuals is discussed, and product development efforts by Apple Computer to increase microcomputer access to disabled children and adults are described. (LRW)

Brightman, Alan

1989-01-01

268

Disabled People in Japanese Community.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The volume is intended to give readers a glimpse of the day-to-day life of disabled people in Japan. Eight brief papers present life experiences of a mentally retarded preschooler, severely disabled children, a child with muscular dystrophy, a young girl with polio living in the community, visually disabled and recovering mentally ill people…

Kojima, Yoko, Ed.; And Others

269

Familial Patterns of Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pedigree analysis of 12 young adults (9 of whom had learning disabilities) indicated that learning disability (LD) was strongly familial but that the type of disability (reading or math) was not directly inherited. Autoimmune disorders were significantly correlated with LD. In seven of the LD families, adults failed to overcome earlier reading and…

Smith, Sandra

1992-01-01

270

Major Andre  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

If most Revolutionary era people seem two-dimensional their lives simpler to understand than ours, it may be only that history, with the benefit of hindsight, clarifies. Examines a profile of Major John Andre, the British liaison officer in Benedict Arnold's plan to surrender West Point, as both hero and villain to show the complexity of early…

Henisch, B. A.; Henisch, H. K.

1976-01-01

271

Analysis of Handoff Mechanisms in Mobile IP  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One of the most important challenges in mobile Internet Protocol (IP) is to provide service for a mobile node to maintain its connectivity to network when it moves from one domain to another. IP is responsible for routing packets across network. The first major version of IP is the Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4). It is one of the dominant protocols relevant to wireless network. Later a newer version of IP called the IPv6 was proposed. Mobile IPv6 is mainly introduced for the purpose of mobility. Mobility management enables network to locate roaming nodes in order to deliver packets and maintain connections with them when moving into new domains. Handoff occurs when a mobile node moves from one network to another. It is a key factor of mobility because a mobile node can trigger several handoffs during a session. This paper briefly explains on mobile IP and its handoff issues, along with the drawbacks of mobile IP.

Jayaraj, Maria Nadine Simonel; Issac, Biju; Haldar, Manas Kumar

2011-06-01

272

Mobile Agents for Mobile Computing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile agents are programs that can move through a network under their own control, migratingfrom host to host and interacting with other agents and resources on each. We argue thatthese mobile, autonomous agents have the potential to provide a convenient, efficient and robustprogramming paradigm for distributed applications, particularly when partially connected computersare involved. Partially connected computers include mobile computers such

Daniela Rus; David Kotz; George Cybenko; Robert Gray; Saurab Nog

1996-01-01

273

Domestic violence against elderly with disability.  

PubMed

Abuse against elders with disabilities is a growing problem as the world population ages. Though they require mandatory reporting, these cases are most frequently not detected or not reported by health professionals for a variety of reasons, including the difficulty of making an accurate diagnosis. By performing a retrospective analysis of alleged domestic violence cases against elders with moderate or severe disability, presented to medical forensic examination at the North Branch of the National Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences of Portugal, in Porto, between 2005 and 2013 (n = 70), we aimed to improve our knowledge of some demographic and forensic characteristics of these cases as well as improve their detection and prevention. The most frequently reported type of abuse was physical (86%), allegedly perpetrated by male abusers (63%) living with their victims (90%), who were most commonly their children (47%) or partners (49%; when victims are married). The victims were most frequently female (63%) who had motor disabilities (49%) and presented a history of previous episodes of abuse in 74% of cases; however, only 28% were previously reported. The physical consequences were most frequently minor injuries (95%) with permanent consequences (scars) in only 6.8% of the cases. The injuries were multiple in the majority of the cases (64%), and the preferred locations were the head and neck (75%). Elderly females with motor disabilities appear to have a greatest risk of domestic violence, which translates, most frequently, into multiple injuries that are mainly in the head and neck. PMID:25440142

Frazăo, Sofia Lalanda; Silva, Marília Santos; Norton, Pedro; Magalhăes, Teresa

2014-11-01

274

Successful Aging as a Continuum of Functional Independence: Lessons from Physical Disability Models of Aging  

PubMed Central

Successful aging is a multidimensional construct that could be viewed as a continuum of achievement. Based on the disability model proposed by the WHO International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, successful aging includes not only the presence or absence of disease, but also aspects of mobility and social participation. Here we review definitions of successful aging and discuss relevance of the disability model in the evaluation of successful aging and frailty. In particular, we summarize evidences that highlight the importance of measures of mobility (ability to walk and perform activities of daily living), and social participation in identifying and locating older adults across the range of the successful aging continuum. Lastly, we discuss the role of inflammation in age-related decline and in frailty. Future research directions are proposed, including identifying causal pathways among inflammatory markers, disability, and frailty. A better understanding of immunological functioning in late life may help unlock novel ways to promote successful aging. PMID:22500268

Lowry, Kristin A.; Vallejo, Abbe N.; Studenski, Stephanie A.

2011-01-01

275

Disability: The College's Challenge.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fifteen author-contributed papers are presented to help campus personnel understand the difficulties encountered by disabled college students. Initial sections address issues and strategies involved, while a third section presents six case studies describing successful programs. A final chapter lists annotated resource guides on aspects of higher…

Hourihan, John P., Ed.

276

Poetry, Masculinities, and Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

All persons with new disabilities must grieve and mourn aspects of their own identity, and engage in the process of re-authoring and developing new conceptions of self and living. This is particularly true for men whose identities are often anchored by traditional conceptions and traits of hegemonic masculinity, which often make seeking and receiving help difficult for many men. As

Riki Thompson; Rich Furman; Noel Shafi; Michelle Enterline

2012-01-01

277

Medication and Reading Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The clinical syndrome which relates most frequently to the reading-disabled child is the attention deficity disorder. The child psychiatrist will generally resort to medication only when behavioral management techniques have failed. The two most frequently used medications are Ritalin and Dexedrine, central nervous system stimulants. (JN)

Humphries, Laurie L.

1981-01-01

278

Handbook of Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This authoritative handbook reviews the breadth of current knowledge about developmental disabilities: neuroscientific and genetic foundations; the impact on health, learning, and behavior; and effective educational and clinical practices. Leading authorities analyze what works in intervening with diverse children and families, from infancy…

Odom, Samuel L., Ed.; Horner, Robert H., Ed.; Snell, Martha E., Ed.; Blacher, Jan, Ed.

2007-01-01

279

Math Learning Disabilities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this article Dr. Kate Garnett defines five areas of math learning disabilities and provides suggestions on how adequate differentiated instruction and modifications can help students overcome these obstacles. The five areas are: Mastering Basic Number Facts, Arithmetic Weakness/Math Talent, The Written Symbol and Concrete Materials, The Language of Math, and Visual-Spatial Aspects of Math.

Kate Garnett

1998-01-01

280

Intellectual Disability and Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The association between poverty and intellectual disability (ID) has been well documented. However, little is known about persons with ID who face circumstances of extreme poverty, such as homelessness. This paper describes the situation of persons with ID who were or are homeless in Montreal and are currently receiving services from a…

Mercier, C.; Picard, S.

2011-01-01

281

Disability, stigma and deviance  

Microsoft Academic Search

An important contribution social science research makes to understanding the experiences of disabled individuals in the U.S. is to illuminate the influence of stigma and deviance on those experiences. Because perceptions of negative difference (deviance) and their evocation of adverse responses (stigma) have been and continue to be widespread, it is these with which alternate perceptions and responses vie in

Joan Susman

1994-01-01

282

Disability, Disorder, and Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The World Health Organization's "International Classification of Diseases" ("ICD") is the most important diagnostic tool, worldwide, to ensure that people with intellectual and developmental disabilities receive the supports they need to live richer, fuller lives. And yet, the "ICD" has naming conventions that create a conundrum for the field,…

Wehmeyer, Michael L.

2013-01-01

283

Breaking for Commercials: Characterizing Mobile Advertising  

E-print Network

Mobile application (app) markets have been a major success and adoption factor for smartphones, allowing revenues related to mobile apps. In particu- lar, considering that 73% of the apps in Google Play are free and displayed at various points during use. The adoption of the ad model in mobile apps has strong implications

Hand, Steven

284

Shifting Patterns of Student Mobility in Asia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the past decade, Asia--traditionally one of the largest exporters of mobile students--has experienced major changes in student mobility within higher education. As the worldwide competition for international students has escalated, many Asian countries have adopted a wide range of mechanisms and strategies in facilitating student mobility.…

Chan, Sheng-Ju

2012-01-01

285

Fathers of children with disabilities: stress and life satisfaction.  

PubMed

As the role of fathers within families continues to evolve, understanding how these changes impact life satisfaction is needed. This is especially relevant for fathers who have children with disabilities; therefore, this study sought to understand the group differences between fathers of children with and without disabilities. A survey design was used that involved 85 fathers of children with disabilities and 121 fathers of children without disabilities. Analyses indicated that fathers of children with disabilities experienced greater stress in daily parenting hassles, family life events and changes, parenting stress and health stress. In comparison, fathers with children who did not have disabilities had a higher level of coping and greater satisfaction with life. A path-analysis model based on family stress theory indicated that whether or not fathers had children who were disabled was a major contributor to life satisfaction followed by parenting stress and stress from family life events and changes. These findings provide implications for future research and practice. PMID:22281940

Darling, Carol A; Senatore, Natalie; Strachan, John

2012-10-01

286

Genetic basis of cognitive disability  

PubMed Central

The importance of genetic influences on cognitive disability has been recognized for a long time, but molecular analysis has only recently begun to yield insights into the pathogenesis of this common and disabling condition. The availability of genome sequences has enabled the characterization of the chromosomal deletions and trisomies that result in cognitive disability, and mutations in rare single-gene conditions are being discovered. The molecular pathology of cognitive disability is turning out to be as heterogeneous as the condition itself, with unexpected complexities even in apparently simple gene-deletion syndromes. One remarkable finding from studies on X-linked mental retardation is that mutations in different small guanosine triphosphate (GTP)-binding proteins result in cognitive disability without other somatic features. Advances are also being made in cognitive disability with polygenic origins, such as dyslexia and autism. However, the genetic basis of mild intellectual disability has yet to be satisfactorily explained. PMID:22034445

Flint, Jonathan

2001-01-01

287

Mobile-ip Aeronautical Network Simulation Study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA is interested in applying mobile Internet protocol (mobile-ip) technologies to its space and aeronautics programs. In particular, mobile-ip will play a major role in the Advanced Aeronautic Transportation Technology (AATT), the Weather Information Communication (WINCOMM), and the Small Aircraft Transportation System (SATS) aeronautics programs. This report presents the results of a simulation study of mobile-ip for an aeronautical network. The study was performed to determine the performance of the transmission control protocol (TCP) in a mobile-ip environment and to gain an understanding of how long delays, handoffs, and noisy channels affect mobile-ip performance.

Ivancic, William D.; Tran, Diepchi T.

2001-01-01

288

Trends in Mobile Application Development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Major software companies, such as Apple and Google, are disturbing the relatively safe and established actors of the mobile application business. These newcomers have caused significant structural changes by imposing and enforcing their own rules for the future of mobile application development. The implications of these changes do not only concern the mobile network operators and mobile phone manufacturers. This changed environment also brings additional opportunities and constraints for current mobile application developers. Therefore, developers need to assess what their options are and how they can take advantages of these current trends. In this paper, we take a developer’s perspective in order to explore how the structural changes will influence the mobile application development markets. Moreover, we discuss what aspects developers need to take into account in order to position themselves within the current trends.

Holzer, Adrian; Ondrus, Jan

289

The Genetics of Major Depression  

PubMed Central

Major depression is the commonest psychiatric disorder and in the U.S. has the greatest impact of all biomedical diseases on disability. Here we review evidence of the genetic contribution to disease susceptibility and the current state of molecular approaches. Genome-wide association and linkage results provide constraints on the allele frequencies and effect sizes of susceptibility loci, which we use to interpret the voluminous candidate gene literature. We consider evidence for the genetic heterogeneity of the disorder and the likelihood that subtypes exist that represent more genetically homogenous conditions than have hitherto been analyzed. PMID:24507187

Flint, Jonathan; Kendler, Kenneth S.

2014-01-01

290

Occupational asthma in a national disability survey  

SciTech Connect

The contribution of workplace exposures to the prevalence of asthma in adults has been minimized in the epidemiology of this illness. Analysis of the 1978 Social Security Disability Survey provides a population-based assessment as a novel approach utilizing self-attributed, occupationally related asthma as a measure of disease. Of 6063 respondents, 468 (7.7 percent) identified asthma as a personal medical condition; 72 (1.2 percent (15.4 percent of all those with asthma)) attributed it to workplace exposures. These subjects were older and included more men and cigarette smokers than groups of both asthmatic and nonasthmatic subjects. The relative risk for occupationally attributed asthma was elevated among industrial and agricultural workers as compared with white collar and service occupations. Analysis of disability benefit status did not indicate that this introduced major reporting bias in this survey. This study suggests that occupational factors may have a greater role in adult asthma than previously thought.

Blanc, P.

1987-10-01

291

Tips On Interacting With People With Disabilities 2 DIsabIlITy ETIQUETTE  

E-print Network

Disability etiquette Tips On Interacting With People With Disabilities #12;2 DIsabIlITy ETIQUETTE.spinalcord.org or call 800-962-9629. Training United Spinal Association can customize a "Disability Etiquette" training

Su, Xiao

292

65 FR 48205 - Schedule for Rating Disabilities: Disabilities of the Liver  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Rating Disabilities: Disabilities of the Liver AGENCY: Department of Veterans Affairs...System that addresses disabilities of the liver. The intended effect of this action is...System that addresses disabilities of the liver. VA published an advance notice of...

2000-08-07

293

66 FR 29486 - Schedule for Rating Disabilities: Disabilities of the Liver  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Rating Disabilities: Disabilities of the Liver AGENCY: Department of Veterans Affairs...System that addresses disabilities of the liver. The intended effect of this action is...that portion of the Schedule pertaining to liver disabilities. The proposed rule was...

2001-05-31

294

Processing of Speech Signals for Physical and Sensory Disabilities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Assistive technology involving voice communication is used primarily by people who are deaf, hard of hearing, or who have speech and/or language disabilities. It is also used to a lesser extent by people with visual or motor disabilities. A very wide range of devices has been developed for people with hearing loss. These devices can be categorized not only by the modality of stimulation [i.e., auditory, visual, tactile, or direct electrical stimulation of the auditory nerve (auditory-neural)] but also in terms of the degree of speech processing that is used. At least four such categories can be distinguished: assistive devices (a) that are not designed specifically for speech, (b) that take the average characteristics of speech into account, (c) that process articulatory or phonetic characteristics of speech, and (d) that embody some degree of automatic speech recognition. Assistive devices for people with speech and/or language disabilities typically involve some form of speech synthesis or symbol generation for severe forms of language disability. Speech synthesis is also used in text-to-speech systems for sightless persons. Other applications of assistive technology involving voice communication include voice control of wheelchairs and other devices for people with mobility disabilities.

Levitt, Harry

1995-10-01

295

Processing of speech signals for physical and sensory disabilities.  

PubMed Central

Assistive technology involving voice communication is used primarily by people who are deaf, hard of hearing, or who have speech and/or language disabilities. It is also used to a lesser extent by people with visual or motor disabilities. A very wide range of devices has been developed for people with hearing loss. These devices can be categorized not only by the modality of stimulation [i.e., auditory, visual, tactile, or direct electrical stimulation of the auditory nerve (auditory-neural)] but also in terms of the degree of speech processing that is used. At least four such categories can be distinguished: assistive devices (a) that are not designed specifically for speech, (b) that take the average characteristics of speech into account, (c) that process articulatory or phonetic characteristics of speech, and (d) that embody some degree of automatic speech recognition. Assistive devices for people with speech and/or language disabilities typically involve some form of speech synthesis or symbol generation for severe forms of language disability. Speech synthesis is also used in text-to-speech systems for sightless persons. Other applications of assistive technology involving voice communication include voice control of wheelchairs and other devices for people with mobility disabilities. Images Fig. 4 PMID:7479816

Levitt, H

1995-01-01

296

Syrtis Major  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

(Released 1 May 2002) The Science This image is from the region of Syrtis Major, which is dominated by a low-relief shield volcano. This area is believed to be an area of vigorous aeolian activity with strong winds in the east-west direction. The effects of these winds are observed as relatively bright streaks across the image, extending from topographic features such as craters. The brighter surface material probably indicates a smaller relative particle size in these areas, as finer particles have a higher albedo. The bright streaks seen off of craters are believed to have formed during dust storms. A raised crater rim can cause a reduction in the wind velocity directly behind it, which results in finer particles being preferentially deposited in this location. In the top half of the image, there is a large bright streak that crosses the entire image. There is no obvious topographic obstacle, therefore it is unclear whether it was formed in the same manner as described above. This image is located northwest of Nili Patera, a large caldera in Syrtis Major. Different flows from the caldera eruptions can be recognized as raised ridges, representing the edge of a flow lobe. The Story In the 17th century, Holland was in its Golden Age, a time of cultural greatness and immense political and economic influence in the world. In that time, lived a inquisitive person named Christian Huygens. As a boy, he loved to draw and to figure out problems in mathematics. As a man, he used these talents to make the first detailed drawings of the Martian surface - - only 50 years or so after Galileo first turned his telescope on Mars. Mars suddenly became something other than a small red dot in the sky. One of the drawings Huygens made was of a dark marking on the red planet's surface named Syrtis Major. Almost 350 years later, here we are with an orbiter that can show us this place in detail. Exploration lives! It's great we can study this area up close. In earlier periods of history, scientists were fascinated with Syrtis Major because this dark region varied so much through the seasons and years. Some people thought it might be a changing sea, and others thought it might be vegetation. Early spacecraft like Mariner and Viking revealed for the first time that the changes were caused by the wind blowing dust and sand across the surface. What we can see in this image is exactly that: evidence of a lot of wind action. Bright dust patches streak across this image, formed through wind interference from craters and other landforms. These wispy, bright streaks are spread on the surface by a vigorous, east-west wind that kicked up huge dust storms, scattering the fine particles of sand and dust in an almost etherial pattern. The bright streaks in the top part of the image might have formed in a slightly different way, because there is no landform standing in the wind's way. Beneath the bright surface dust are raised ridges that mark the edges of earlier lava flows from Nili Patera, a Martian 'caldera.' A caldera is a collapsed, bowl-shaped depression at the top of a volcano cone. Can you imagine how Christian Huygens would feel if he lived today and could see all of this knowledge unfold? Or how it would feel to be the first person to stand in this dark volcanic and cratered region, knowing how many discovers had paved the way to that moment? Yes, exploration lives!

2002-01-01

297

Commonwealth of Virginia: Board for Rights of the Disabled. 1990 Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report responds to requirements of Public Law 100-146, The Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act Amendments of 1987. It describes existing services to persons with developmental disabilities, reports on a consumer satisfaction survey, and presents recommendations and plans. Thirteen major findings and discussion of 16…

Virginia State Board for Rights of Virginians with Disabilities, Richmond.

298

Policy #4500 Accommodations for Students With Disabilities 1 OLD DOMINION UNIVERSITY  

E-print Network

as a mental or physical impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities; has a recordPolicy #4500 ­ Accommodations for Students With Disabilities 1 OLD DOMINION UNIVERSITY University Policy Policy #4500 ACCOMMODATIONS FOR STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES Responsible Oversight Executive: Vice

299

Exploring the Effects of Online Instruction on Reading Comprehension Achievement of Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two major pieces of legislation, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (2004) and No Child Left Behind (NCLB) (2001) mandate that students with disabilities be placed in the Least Restrictive Environment and have access to the general education curriculum. To provide access to the general education curriculum, inclusion in general…

Fitzgerald, Nancy Shuman

2009-01-01

300

Psychological benefit of diagnostic certainty for mothers of children with disabilities: Lessons from Down syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Diagnostic and prognostic uncertainty is one of the major psychological stressors for patients in acute and chronic illness, as well as for parents of children with disabilities or chronic disease. Whereas the parents' feeling of uncertainty is undoubtedly very strong shortly after the birth of a child with disabilities, the long-term effects on the parents of having or not having

W. Lenhard; E. Breitenbach; H. Ebert; H. J. Schindelhauer-Deutscher; W. Henn

2005-01-01

301

The Prevalence and Determinants of Obesity in Adults with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Obesity is a major public health concern internationally and this study aimed to measure the prevalence of obesity in adults with intellectual disabilities in comparison with general population data, and examine the factors associated with obesity. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of all adults with intellectual disabilities,…

Melville, C. A.; Cooper, S. -A.; Morrison, J.; Allan, L.; Smiley, E.; Williamson, A.

2008-01-01

302

Injuries, Falls and Accidents among Adults with Intellectual Disabilities. Prospective Cohort Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Injuries are among the leading causes of death and disability in the world and a major public health concern. Falls are a common cause. Young persons with intellectual disabilities (ID) have a higher rate and different pattern of injuries than the general population, but little is known regarding adults. Methods: The aim of this study…

Finlayson, J.; Morrison, J.; Jackson, A.; Mantry, D.; Cooper, S.-A.

2010-01-01

303

Viewpoint Paper: The Electronic Disability Record: Purpose, Parameters, and Model Use Case  

Microsoft Academic Search

The active engagement of consumers is an important factor in achieving widespread success of health information systems. The disability community represents a major segment of the healthcare arena, with more than 50 million Americans experiencing some form of disability. In keeping with the “consumer-driven” approach to e-health systems, this paper considers the distinctive aspects of electronic and personal health record

Bengisu Tulu; Thomas A. Horan

2009-01-01

304

Going To Work: A Guide to Social Security Benefits and Employment for Tenants with Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

[Excerpt] Fear of risking benefits is a major factor that keeps many individuals with disabilities from joining the workforce. When people with disabilities decide to seek employment, one of their key concerns is how employment will impact their Social Security and housing benefits. They feel certain that they will lose their benefits, including the public health insurance that so many

Melanie Jordan; Colleen Condon; David Hoff

2007-01-01

305

Transitioning Youth with Intellectual and Other Developmental Disabilities: Predicting Community Employment Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Community employment outcomes were examined for 338 transitioning youth with intellectual and other developmental disabilities in one state 18 months after exiting public school. All transitioning youth received ongoing Developmental Disability agency funding. The majority of transitioning youth (57.1%) were engaged in sheltered or nonwork…

Simonsen, Monica L.; Neubert, Debra A.

2013-01-01

306

The Americans with Disabilities Act and Employment Practices in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examination of recent cases highlights major provisions and judicial treatment of higher education institutions under the Americans with Disabilities Act. Discusses: covered entity, disability, qualified individuals, reasonable accommodation, scope of protection, testing under the legislation, medical testing, drug/alcohol use.…

Underwood, Daniel; Swenson, Steven

1997-01-01

307

Impartiality and disability discrimination.  

PubMed

Cost-effectiveness analysis is the standard analytical tool for evaluating the aggregate health benefits of treatments and health programs. According to a common objection, however, its use may lead to unfair discrimination against people with disabilities. Since the disability discrimination objection is seldom articulated in a precise way, I first provide a formulation that avoids some implausible implications. Then I turn to the standard defense of cost-effectiveness analysis and argue that it does not succeed. But this does not settle the question of whether the use of cost-effectiveness analysis leads to unfair discrimination. Rather, it shows that the controversy should be approached in a different way. Thus, I conclude by outlining an alternative strategy for answering the question. PMID:21598844

Bognar, Greg

2011-03-01

308

Adolescent sexuality and disability.  

PubMed

Regardless of what our beliefs about sex and disability may be, as health care providers we can promote the health and well being of our patients with disabilities in several ways. First and perhaps foremost, physical and programmatic barriers to accessing general health care including routine gynecologic care must be dramatically reduced. The promise of Title III of the Americans with Disabilities Act must be aggressively extended to our health care system to ensure equal access to routine health care for all. Second, knowledge of community resources that can support the healthy development and exercise of responsible and satisfying sexuality is critical. For example, health care providers should know about adaptive and assistive technologies as well as the use of personal care assistants to support the healthy although sometimes nontypical expression of one's sexuality. Centers for Independent Living are community resources that are often underutilized by the medical profession. These centers--run by and for people with disabilities--are likely resources and allies for providing education, role models, and peer mentoring around relationships, intimacy, sexuality, sexual expression, and parenting with a disability. Finally, sex education is a must and should include the following: Basic facts of life, reproduction, and sexual intercourse; Human growth and development Human reproduction and anatomy Self-pleasuring/masturbation and the use of sexual aids Intimacy and privacy Pregnancy and child birth Contraception and abortion Family life and parenthood Sexual response and consensual sex Sexual orientation Sexual abuse HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases. The question should not be whether sex education is provided to persons with disabilities, but rather how it is most effectively provided. Health sex education must include the development of effective communication skills, decision-making skills, assertiveness, and the ability to say "no." It must also include ways to create satisfying relationships. For more information about sex education as it relates to people with disabilities, the following abbreviated resource list may be helpful: http://www.sexualhealth.com http://www.lookingglass.com Ludwig S, Hingsburger, D. Being sexual: an illustrated series on sexuality and relationships. SIECCAN, 850 Coxwell, Aven., East York, Ontario, M4C 5R1 Tel: 416-466-5304; Fax: 416-778-0785. Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States (SIECUS), 130 West 42nd Street, Suite 350, New York, NY 10036. Tel: 212-819-9770. National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities (NICHCY), P.O. Box 1492, Washington, DC 20013; Tel/TTY: 800-695-0285; Fax: 202-884-8641; Internet: www.nichcy.org Non-Latex Supplies (Ask your pharmacist if not available) Trojan-Supra: http://www.trojancondoms.com Durex-Avanti: http://www.durex.com Female Health Company-FC Female Condom http://www.femalehealth.com Pasante--EzOn http://www.postalcondoms.co.uk (available in Canada and U.K.). PMID:12465564

Neufeld, Jacob A; Klingbeil, Fred; Bryen, Diane Nelson; Silverman, Brett; Thomas, Anila

2002-11-01

309

Disability-Selective Abortion and the Americans with Disabilities Act  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Article examines the influence of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) on affective attitudes toward children with disabilities and on the incidence of disability-selective abortion. Applying regression analysis to U.S. natality data, we find that the birthrate of children with Down syndrome declined significantly in the years following the ADA’s passage. Controlling for technological, demographic, and cultural variables suggests

Dov Fox; Griffin Christopher L. Jr

2009-01-01

310

Disability Does Not Discriminate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author talks about the "it can't happen to me" mentality, which makes humans think they are physically invincible and have been guilty of thinking so. The author learned the danger of the "it can't happen to me" syndrome when she was disabled in a car accident in February 1994. The accident happened when she was 21 years old,…

Alexander, Amy Elizabeth

2008-01-01

311

Dating Issues for Women with Physical Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study of dating issues for 250 single women with physical disabilities and 180 single women without disabilities was undertaken to determine (a) differences between women with and without disabilities and (b) predictors of dating outcomes for women with disabilities. A survey was sent to a national sample of women with disabilities along with a similar survey to give to

Diana H. Rintala; Carol A. Howland; Margaret A. Nosek; Jama L. Bennett; Mary Ellen Young; Catherine C. Foley; C. Donald Rossi; Gail Chanpong

1997-01-01

312

Syrtis Major  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

(Released 6 June 2002) The Science This image, located near the equator and 288W (72E), is near the southern edge of a low, broad volcanic feature called Syrtis Major. A close look at this image reveals a wrinkly texture that indicates a very rough surface that is associated with the lava flows that cover this region. On a larger scale, there are numerous bright streaks that trail topographic features such as craters. These bright streaks are in the wind shadows of the craters where dust that settles onto the surface is not as easily scoured away. It is important to note that these streaks are only bright in a relative sense to the surrounding image. Syrtis Major is one of the darkest regions on Mars and it is as dark as fresh basalt flows or dunes are on Earth. The Story Cool! It almost looks as if nature has 'painted' comets on the surface of Mars, using craters as comet cores and dust as streaky tails. Of course, that's just an illusion. As in many areas of Mars, the wind is behind the creation of such fantastic landforms. The natural phenomenon seen here gives this particular surface of Mars a very dynamic, fast-moving, almost luminous 'cosmic personality.' The bright, powdery-looking streaks of dust are in the 'wind shadows' of craters, where dust that settles onto the surface is not as easily scoured away. That's because the wind moves across the land in a particular direction, and a raised surface like the rim of a crater 'protects' dust from being completely blown away on the other side. The raised landforms basically act as a buffer. From the streaks seen above, you can tell the wind was blowing in a northeast to southwest direction. Why are the streaks so bright? Because they contrast with the really dark underlying terrain in this volcanic area of Mars. Syrtis Major is one of the darkest regions on Mars because it is made of basalt. Basalt is typically dark gray or black, and forms when a certain type of molten lava cools. The meaning of the word basalt has been traced back to an ancient Ethiopian word 'basal,' which means 'a rock from which you can obtain iron.' That must have made it a very desired material with ancient Earth civilizations long ago. Basalt is actually one of the most abundant types of rock found on Earth. Most of the volcanic islands in the ocean are made of basalt, including the large shield volcano of Mauna Loa, Hawaii, which is often compared to Martian shield volcanoes. Shield volcanoes don't have high, steep, mountain-like sides, but are instead low and broad humps upon the surface. They're created when highly fluid, molten-basalt flows spread out over wide areas. Over several millennia of basaltic layering upon layering, these volcanoes can reach massive sizes like the ones seen on Mars. You can see the wrinkly texture of dark lava flows (now hard and cool) in the above image beneath the brighter dust.

2002-01-01

313

Mobile Forces  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The application of engineering principles is explored in the creation of mobiles. As students create their own mobiles, they take into consideration the forces of gravity and convection air currents. They learn how an understanding of balancing forces is important in both art and engineering design.

2014-09-18

314

Mobile computing \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Design competitions offer students an excellent way to gain hands-on experience in engineering and computer science courses. The University of Florida, in partnership with Motorola, has held two mobile computing design competitions. In Spring and Fall 2001, students in Abdelsalam Helal's Mobile Computing class designed killer apps for a Motorola smart phone.

S. F. Midkiff

2002-01-01

315

EBSCOhost Mobile  

Microsoft Academic Search

The explosive growth in mobile technology coupled with widespread adoption among students, librarians, medical professionals, and corporate users means that research database providers need to be where the users are. EBSCO host Mobile was designed and developed to provide EBSCO host database users with a platform that makes the power of EBSCO host and its content highly accessible on the

Ron Burns; Sara Rofofsky Marcus

2010-01-01

316

Balancing safety and autonomy: structural and social barriers affecting the exercise participation of women with disabilities in community recreation and fitness facilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Women with disabilities consider exercise an important health promotion activity. A lack of accessible facilities within the community has been identified as a major limiting factor to exercise participation among women with disabilities. To increase exercise participation among women with disabilities, we need to understand the structural and social barriers that they face within community recreation and fitness facilities. Interviews

D. E. Rolfe; K. Yoshida; R. Renwick; C. Bailey

2012-01-01

317

Ubiquitous apps: politics of openness in global mobile cultures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Smartphones are a central element of mobile ubiquity, with mobile applications (‘apps’) becoming especially important. This article discusses the concept of iPhone apps, and other apps, as cultural platforms. Apps are highly significant for emerging cultures of mobile ubiquity, yet these platforms are constituted and controlled by major transnational global mobile media corporations. The article looks at the characteristics, constraints

Gerard Goggin

2011-01-01

318

[A study of the factors that affect parental acceptance of children's disabilities--a literature review].  

PubMed

The process of parental acceptance of a child's disability is complex and involves a myriad of factors, including the nature of the child's disability, factors related to the parents and societal factors. Despite the type of disability and the severity of that disability often being the most significant factors related to the process of acceptance, the majority of previous studies have combined multiple disabilities into a single category. For example, the point at which parent and child begin to live together with a disability marks a "beginning." The nature and timing of this beginning differs depending on the disability and thus has a large impact on the process of acceptance. Moreover, despite acceptance patterns diverging between sexes, the majority of previous studies have sampled only mothers and not fathers. Future research needs to use a more detailed analysis of disability type and its severity, and examine the modality of telling a patient and his or her family of a disability. Further studies also need to sample both mother and father, and consider the familial and social aspects of the process of parental acceptance. PMID:17582990

Anan, Ayumi; Yamaguchi, Masako

2007-06-01

319

Establishing a disability-inclusive agenda for sustainable development in 2015 and beyond.  

PubMed

Disability was omitted from the Millennium Declaration and eight Millennium Development Goals. As a result, individuals with disabilities and their advocates, health-related agencies and major United Nations (UN) groups collaborated to explicate the rights and needs of persons with disabilities. A community empowerment approach was guided by the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, input from expert groups, public meetings held across the globe, questionnaires sent to civil society representatives, and rich online conversation. Persons with disabilities have the right to health, education, gainful employment, social protection, and participation in political and public life. Selected results from The World We Want consultation for the topic of 'Inequalities and a disability-inclusive agenda' illustrate the potential of reaching consensus among a broad array of constituents, informing decisions about policy and practice. PMID:24938514

Geiger, Brian F

2015-03-01

320

Mothers and models of disability.  

PubMed

Based on a qualitative anthropological study of American mothers of infants and young children newly diagnosed with disability, this essay examines how mothers understand their children and define disability in relation to publicly available discourses of disability and identity. In seeking to improve their children's opportunities in mainstream society, mothers appear to comply with the medical model. But over time and in the process of providing meaning to their experience, mothers retool models, drawing both on the social and minority group models' rejection of a problem-based definition of disability as inherently caused by impairment and on their own intimate engagement with impairment as an embodied experience. PMID:15877195

Landsman, Gail

2005-01-01

321

A natural-language interface to a mobile robot  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The present work on robot instructability is based on an ongoing effort to apply modern manipulation technology to serve the needs of the handicapped. The Stanford/VA Robotic Aid is a mobile manipulation system that is being developed to assist severely disabled persons (quadriplegics) in performing simple activities of everyday living in a homelike, unstructured environment. It consists of two major components: a nine degree-of-freedom manipulator and a stationary control console. In the work presented here, only the motions of the Robotic Aid's omnidirectional motion base have been considered, i.e., the six degrees of freedom of the arm and gripper have been ignored. The goal has been to develop some basic software tools for commanding the robot's motions in an enclosed room containing a few objects such as tables, chairs, and rugs. In the present work, the environmental model takes the form of a two-dimensional map with objects represented by polygons. Admittedly, such a highly simplified scheme bears little resemblance to the elaborate cognitive models of reality that are used in normal human discourse. In particular, the polygonal model is given a priori and does not contain any perceptual elements: there is no polygon sensor on board the mobile robot.

Michalowski, S.; Crangle, C.; Liang, L.

1987-01-01

322

The electronic disability record: purpose, parameters, and model use case.  

PubMed

The active engagement of consumers is an important factor in achieving widespread success of health information systems. The disability community represents a major segment of the healthcare arena, with more than 50 million Americans experiencing some form of disability. In keeping with the "consumer-driven" approach to e-health systems, this paper considers the distinctive aspects of electronic and personal health record use by this segment of society. Drawing upon the information shared during two national policy forums on this topic, the authors present the concept of Electronic Disability Records (EDR). The authors outline the purpose and parameters of such records, with specific attention to its ability to organize health and financial data in a manner that can be used to expedite the disability determination process. In doing so, the authors discuss its interaction with Electronic Health Records (EHR) and Personal Health Records (PHR). The authors then draw upon these general parameters to outline a model use case for disability determination and discuss related implications for disability health management. The paper further reports on the subsequent considerations of these and related deliberations by the American Health Information Community (AHIC). PMID:18952950

Tulu, Bengisu; Horan, Thomas A

2009-01-01

323

Outlook for Children with Intellectual Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... Disabilities Health Issues Listen Outlook for Children with Intellectual Disabilities Article Body What is the outlook for children with intellectual disabilities? About 2 percent to 3 percent of children ...

324

CDC Vital Signs: Adults with Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... gov . Vital Signs Share Compartir Adults with Disabilities Physical activity is for everybody May 2014 3x Adults with ... Problem More adults with disabilities need to get physical activity. Adults with disabilities who get no physical activity ...

325

Categories of Disability under IDEA Law  

MedlinePLUS

... affected due to the disability. __________________________________________________ Quick-Jump Links Autism Deaf-blindness Deafness Developmental delay Emotional disturbance Hearing ... particular disability and to other related information. 1. Autism … …means a developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and ...

326

Disabled people’s healthcare encounters   

E-print Network

This thesis is about impairment, disability and health. Placed in the context of Disability Studies, it engages with the theoretical debates about how disability and impairment should be conceived. In doing so it pays ...

Bailey, Ruth

2009-01-01

327

Mobile Website Overview Mobile Application Development Policy  

E-print Network

of University Communication May 29, 2012 #12;Mobile Web/Mobile App Development Policy Villanova University May .......................................................................................................................... 12 #12;Mobile Web/Mobile App Development Policy Villanova University May 29, 2012 Page 3 of 13 I accesses the mobile web. Native apps, in contrast, are permanently downloaded to mobile devices and must

Jackman, Todd

328

Quality of Life among Persons with Physical Disability in Udupi Taluk: A Cross Sectional Study  

PubMed Central

Background: Disability is not just a health problem or attribute of individuals, but it reflects the problems individuals experience in their interaction with society and physical movements. Disabled persons remain neglected part of society and they also experience various barriers due to restriction of participation. Objectives: The aim was to assess the quality of life (QOL) of physically disabled persons, the impact of physical disability on activities of daily living (ADL) and to study the awareness about laws and facilities available for disabled persons. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional community based study was conducted among 130 physical disabled persons who were selected using convenience sampling technique. The WHO BREF scale was used to assess QOL, while assessment of ADL was done using Barthel Index. Socio-demographic assessment was done using Udai Pareek scale. SPSS version 15.0 was used to analyze data. Categorical variables were expressed as frequencies and percentages. As per guidelines physical, psychological, social, and environmental domain scores for WHO BREF scale were calculated. Results: Among the study participants, 36.2% had a disability from birth that is, congenital. The second common cause of disability was found to be postpolio residual paralysis as it was found among 26.2% respondents. Other causes found were stroke/paralysis and accidents, in 19.2% and 18.5% respondents, respectively. Activities such as transfer, mobility, and stair climbing showed greater impact of physical disability. It was found that 11.5% respondents required help in one of the ADL. QOL score was found to be low under the psychological domain reflecting on negative feelings, bodily image, appearance, spirituality, and self-esteem of respondents. Conclusion: Physical disability had affected social participation as well as marriage of the respondents. However, it was found that very few of them are aware about facilities provided under persons with disability act. PMID:25810992

Kuvalekar, Kunal; Kamath, Ramachandra; Ashok, Lena; Shetty, Bhartesh; Mayya, Shreemathi; Chandrasekaran, Varalakshmi

2015-01-01

329

Pain and Disability in Mexican American Older Adults  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES Limited evidence exists on the prevalence and correlates of pain and the impact on daily life in older Mexican Americans. An association between pain severity and functional disability was examined. DESIGN Cross-sectional study (2005–2006), a subsample of the Hispanic Established Population for Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly. SETTING Community. PARTICIPANTS 1,013 Mexican American, ages 74–100 years. MEASUREMENTS Bilingual interviewers administered structured questionnaires and physical measures of mobility and frailty (exhaustion, weight loss, walking speed, grip strength and self-reported physical activity). Two items from the SF-36 questionnaire assessed pain experiences in the last four weeks. RESULTS Chi square, one-way ANOVA, and least square and negative binomial regressions were computed for 744 participants with complete data to investigate experience of pain and other dimensions of health and functioning. Sixty-nine percent reported pain within 4 weeks of the interview and 56% reported that pain interfered with performance of daily activities. Females, low education, frailty, reduced mobility, disability, and high comorbidity, body mass index, and depressive symptomatology were significantly associated with pain severity and interference. Regression coefficients revealed that pain severity was significantly related to ADL (0.22, p<.001) and IADL (0.23, p<.001) disability after controlling for socio-demographic and health status characteristics. CONCLUSION The findings expand the pain literature in older Mexican Americans. High pain rates were most prevalent among females and those with co-morbidity, depressive symptomatology, poor mobility, and frailty. Pain also plays a significant role in disability status. In-depth research is needed to understand the pain experiences of aged Mexican Americans and their health and well-being impact. PMID:19453304

Weaver, Gayle D.; Kuo, Yong-Fang; Raji, Mukaila A.; Snih, Soham Al; Ray, Laura; Torres, Elizabeth; Ottenbacher, Kenneth J.

2009-01-01

330

The Americans with disabilities act, mental disability, and employment practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examines the response of employers to the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), with a specific focus on the employment of those with mental disabilities. A telephone survey was completed in a metropolitan area in the southern United States with a random sample of 117 businesses. In terms of specific practices that indicated compliance with the ADA, 15% had

Teresa L. Scheid

1998-01-01

331

The Law's Understanding of Intellectual Disability as a Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intellectual disability (ID) is differently yet validly described by different professions. Legal professionals find it most useful to consider ID as a disability rather than a disorder. Because the law regulates the actions of individuals in a society and the actions of society on an individual, the law's concern in dealing with a person with ID…

Ellis, James W.

2013-01-01

332

The World Report on Disability and People with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "World Report on Disability" was requested by the World Health Assembly, the governing body of the World Health Organization (WHO). Because disability is broader than health, WHO partnered with the World Bank. The "World Report" was published in 2011 and provides a comprehensive scientific analysis on the global situation…

Officer, Alana; Shakespeare, Tom

2013-01-01

333

Disabilities Information Flow: A Disabilities Information Management System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Disabilities Information Flow (DIF) project at the University of St Andrews has sought to provide a means of efficiently managing all student disabilities information within the institution and provide appropriate role-based service interfaces for all staff who need to routinely interact with this information. This paper describes the software…

Ling, Bin; Allison, Colin; Nicholl, J. Ross; Moodley, Luke; Roberts, Dave

2006-01-01

334

The Unsustainable Rise of the Disability Rolls in the United States: Causes, Consequences, and Policy Options  

E-print Network

Two ailments limit the effectiveness and threaten the long-term viability of the U.S. Social Security Disability Insurance program (SSDI). First, the program is ineffective in assisting the vast majority of workers with ...

Autor, David

2012-01-24

335

How do adults with mild learning disabilities experience bereavement and grief? A qualitative exploration.   

E-print Network

Background: The vast majority of research into the experiences of people with learning disabilities (LD) in regard to bereavement and grief involves the collection of data from second-hand sources, or via quantitative measures. ...

McRitchie, Robyn

2012-06-26

336

Reading Disability, Visual Stress, and Coloured Filters: A Randomised Controlled Trial   

E-print Network

Coloured filters, in the form of plastic overlays or tinted spectacle lenses, are in widespread use to alleviate visual stress (also known as Irlen Syndrome), a disorder posited to be a major cause of reading disability ...

Ritchie, Stuart James

2010-11-24

337

Gender differences in incidence and determinants of disability in activities of daily living among elderly individuals: SABE study.  

PubMed

Determining the groups that are most susceptible to developing disability is essential to establishing effective prevention and rehabilitation strategies. The aim of the present study was to determine gender differences in the incidence of disability regarding activities of daily living (ADL) and determinants among elderly residents of Sao Paulo, Brazil. In 2000, 1634 elderly with no difficulties regarding ADL (modified Katz Index) were selected. These activities were reassessed in 2006 and disability was the outcome for the analysis of determinants. The following characteristics were analyzed at baseline: socio-demographic, behavioral, health status, medications, falls, hospitalizations, depressive symptoms, cognition, handgrip, mobility and balance. The incidence density was 42.4/1000 women/year and 17.5/1000 men/year. After adjusting for socioeconomic status and health conditions, women with chronic diseases and social vulnerability continued to have a greater incidence of disability. The following were determinants of the incidence of disability: age and depressive symptoms in both genders; stroke and slowness on the sit-and-stand test among men; and osteoarthritis and sedentary lifestyle among women. Better cognitive performance and handgrip strength were protective factors among men and women, respectively. Adverse clinical and social conditions determine differences between genders regarding the incidence of disability. Decreased mobility and balance and health conditions that affect the central nervous system or lead to impaired cognition disable men more, whereas a sedentary lifestyle, reduction in muscle strength and conditions that affect the osteoarticular system disable women more. PMID:22546518

Alexandre, Tiago da Silva; Corona, Ligiana Pires; Nunes, Daniella Pires; Santos, Jair Lício Ferreira; Duarte, Yeda Aparecida de Oliveira; Lebrăo, Maria Lúcia

2012-01-01

338

The Americans with Disabilities Act Change Management  

E-print Network

The Americans with Disabilities Act Change Management Conflict Management and Dispute Resolution Cost Management Crisis Communication and Response Cybersecurity Disability Policy eLearning Educational

Gering, Jon C.

339

Women with Disabilities and Breast Cancer Screening  

MedlinePLUS

... and Reasonable Accommodations (RA) Women with Disabilities and Breast Cancer Screening Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir Finding Breast Cancer Early Can Save Lives Disabilities & Breast Cancer Screening ...

340

Student Handbook SERVICES FOR STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES  

E-print Network

Student Handbook SERVICES FOR STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES #12;Contents Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Services for Students with Disabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Step students should take

Texas at Austin, University of

341

Americans with Disabilities Act as Amended: Principles and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides an overview of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and the 2008 amendments to the act (ADAAA) as well as Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. The article describes the major sections of the ADA, addresses the changes brought about to the ADA and Section 504 as a result of the ADAAA, reviews the outcome of…

Bowman, Lorenzo

2011-01-01

342

Physical Disabilities: Education and Related Services, Fall 2002-Spring 2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two issues of this journal on education and related services for students with physical disabilities contain the following major articles or reviews: "Environmental Effects on Education" (Harold F. Perla); "Using Touch Math for Students with Physical Impairments To Teach and Enhance Beginning Math Skills" (Adrienne L. Duris); "Traumatic Brain…

Kulik, Barbara J., Ed.

2003-01-01

343

Education Abroad for Students with Disabilities: Expanding Access  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education abroad is a rapidly expanding opportunity for undergraduate students in the United States. Concurrent with this growth in total numbers is a growth in the diversity of participants. Students with different ethnic backgrounds, academic majors, age, socioeconomic status, and disabilities are increasingly seeking opportunities overseas. In…

Soneson, Heidi M.; Fisher, Shelly

2011-01-01

344

National Disability Policy: A Progress Report, December 2004-December 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report's 13 chapters address disability statistics and research, major trends, statistics, civil rights, Education, health, and long-term services and supports, children and youth, employment and the workforce development system, welfare reform, housing, transportation, assistive technology and telecommunications, international affairs, and…

National Council on Disability, 2006

2006-01-01

345

Narrating Disability, Narrating Religious Practice: Reconciliation and Fragile X Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the place of religion in the narratives of mothers of children with fragile X syndrome. In semistructured interviews, a majority of women combined narratives of religious practice with illness narratives, interpreting their children's disabilities within a religious framework. Informed by Arthur Frank's (1995) concept of…

Michie, Marsha; Skinner, Debra

2010-01-01

346

Sexual Health Care in Persons with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the past, preventive health concerning sexuality of people with intellectual disabilities was addressed through surgical sterilization as part of nationwide eugenic programs in many countries. For more than 30 years now, it has come progressively to light in the scientific literature that, besides major ethical and legal problems, these…

Servais, Laurent

2006-01-01

347

Strengthening Grief Support for Children with Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although a sizable literature investigates and describes children's grief, the majority of information focuses on typically developing children. Far less has been published about the loss and grief of children with developmental disabilities (DD), even though this population experiences significant and multiple losses, increasing their…

Sormanti, Mary; Ballan, Michelle S.

2011-01-01

348

Adults with Learning Disabilities. ERIC Digest No. 189.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thanks to increased advocacy and research, several major federal laws, and heightened awareness of the changing demands of the workplace, more attention is being focused on adults with learning disabilities (LD). There is still no consensus on definitions of LD. Estimates of the incidence of LD range from 5% to 20% of the population. Adults with…

Kerka, Sandra

349

Helping Eliminate Early Learning Disabilities. Final Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document summarizes the second year accomplishments of Central Point School District Number 6's Title III project: Helping Eliminate Early Learning Disabilities. For purposes of evaluation, the project has been organized into three major components; Instructional; Development; and Management. Each component has product and process objectives.…

Greene, Mark; And Others

350

Ergonomic Job Design to Accommodate and Prevent Musculoskeletal Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) account for a major portion of the cost of work-related injury and illness in the United States. Many of these injuries and illnesses lead to temporary or permanent disability. It is generally accepted that the incidence of MSDs increases when the demands of the job exceed the capabilities of the worker. As the workforce ages and

Thomas R. Waters; Leslie A. MacDonald

2001-01-01

351

Making Online Information Accessible to Students with Disabilities, Part II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on the major HTML coding techniques used when making Web pages and online courses accessible to students with disabilities. Examples of accessibility features provided are not difficult for most Web authors to incorporate into their Web pages. With a few adaptations, Web page developers can make online information accessible to students…

Robertson, Janna Siegel; Harris, James Wallace

2003-01-01

352

Using Student Learning Communities to Recruit STEM Students with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student Learning Communities (SLCs) for high school and college students with disabilities interested in pursuing science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) degrees were piloted at a major Midwestern university from 2009 to 2011. Students participated in a series of weekly sessions and/or a residential campus experience as part of a…

Izzo, Margaretha Vreeburg; Murray, Alexa; Priest, Sarah; McArrell, Bianca

2011-01-01

353

Intravenous Sedation for Dental Patients with Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The poor quality of oral health care for people with intellectual disability (ID) has been recognized, and the strong fears about dental treatment suggested as a major reason for disturbances of visits to dentists by such patients. Intravenous sedation is a useful method for relieving the anxiety and fear of such patients about dental treatment,…

Miyawaki, T.; Kohjitani, A.; Maeda, S.; Egusa, M.; Mori, T.; Higuchi, H.; Kita, F.; Shimada, M.

2004-01-01

354

Perspectives on Health Care of Adults with Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A focus group study was conducted with individuals with developmental disabilities to understand their perspectives on their health status, health promotion behaviors, and health care services they receive. The majority of participants reported good to excellent health, and all had some form of medical insurance. However, participants reported…

Parish, Susan L.; Moss, Kathryn; Richman, Erica L.

2008-01-01

355

Educating Students with Mild Disabilities: Strategies and Methods. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book addresses inclusive environments and the shifting of instruction of children with disabilities to the general classroom teacher. The major themes are behavior management, curriculum, and instructional strategies. Individual chapters include: (1) "Discipline in Special Education and General Education Settings" (Deborah Deutsch Smith and…

Meyen, Edward L., Ed.; Vergason, Glenn A., Ed.; Whelan, Richard J., Ed.

356

The Legal Rights of Students with Disabilities in Christian Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The adoption of Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (Section 504) and the Education for All Handicapped Children's Act, now the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), have had a major impact on the delivery of services for children with special needs. In light of the legal issues surrounding the delivery of special education…

Russo, Charles J.; Osborne, Allan G., Jr.; Massucci, Joseph D.; Cattaro, Gerald M.

2011-01-01

357

Managing Disability From Stroke  

PubMed Central

Strokes are the single greatest neurological cause of disability, yet many stroke patients do not ever reach a specialized stroke rehabilitation unit. For those remaining in the hospital to which they were first admitted, active medical involvement may decline dramatically once the diagnosis has been made. However, the family physician can play an active role in managing post-stroke patients, enhancing their functional recovery and achieving successful discharge back into the community. This article describes post-diagnosis management of stroke, discharge planning, and post-discharge follow-up. PMID:21267158

Clifford, John C.

1986-01-01

358

Disability: Equality/Inequality  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is used in a Sociology class for undergraduate students. This activity looks at disabilities and inequalities in the United States. This activity uses five customized data sets made from the 1990 U.S. Census. It guides students through data manipulation using WebCHIP software found at DataCounts!. To open WebCHIP with the dataset for the activity, please see instructions and links in the exercise documents under teaching materials. For more information on how to use WebCHIP, see the How To section on DataCounts!

Robert T. Hall

359

Mobile cinema  

E-print Network

This thesis develops techniques and methods that extend the art and craft of storytelling, and in particular enable the creation of mobile cinema. Stories are always constrained by the medium in which they are told and the ...

Pan, Pengkai, 1972-

2004-01-01

360

20 CFR 404.1505 - Basic definition of disability.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Determining Disability and Blindness Definition of Disability § 404.1505 Basic definition of disability. (a) The law defines disability...

2013-04-01

361

20 CFR 404.1511 - Definition of a disabling impairment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Determining Disability and Blindness Definition of Disability § 404.1511 Definition of a disabling impairment. (a) Disabled workers, persons...

2014-04-01

362

Mothers' perceptions of their children's use of powered mobility.  

PubMed

Physical therapists and occupational therapists frequently assist parents with the exploration and use of powered wheelchairs for their children with physical disabilities. The purpose of this study was to explore parents' experiences and perceptions of their children's experiences with the receipt and use of powered mobility. Qualitative methods were used to gain insight into the experiences of five mothers of children with physical disabilities who use powered wheelchairs. Information was collected during individual interviews with the mothers. Data analyses revealed five higher-level themes identified across the participants. Results of this study suggest that mothers initially perceive powered mobility as a "last resort" mobility option. The perceived effects of their children's use of powered mobility were significant and included increased personal control, independence, and opportunities to participate in age appropriate, meaningful activities. The mothers perceived that increased independence positively affected others' attitudes toward their children and allowed their children to develop more "legitimate" relationships with their peers. PMID:15669667

Wiart, Lesley; Darrah, Johanna; Hollis, Vivien; Cook, Al; May, Laura

2004-01-01

363

Integrated communication/environmental controller system for the physically disabled.  

PubMed

A wireless integrated communication/environmental controller system (ICECS) is described, which offers total communication as well as environmental control for the disabled person. The system is flexible and simple enough to be used from the wheelchair by patients with spinal cord injuries. The system has three parts: the mobile unit, the base unit, and a set of remote-control receiver modules. The mobile unit and the base unit are linked together by radio, while the base unit and the remote receiver modules communicate over a power line carrier. The telephone mode allows telephone calls to be placed and received. Different electrical devices are controlled by the environmental control mode. The intercom mode permits two-way communication with an attendant or the nursing station. The modes can be switched simply by pressing a button on the mobile unit. Sixteen soft-touch switches arranged in a 4 X 4 matrix allow operation by hand or mouthstick. PMID:2950838

Fatehi, M T; Balmaseda, M T; Koozekanani, S H

1987-03-01

364

Postoperative Adverse Outcomes in Intellectually Disabled Surgical Patients: A Nationwide Population-Based Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundIntellectually disabled patients have various comorbidities, but their risks of adverse surgical outcomes have not been examined. This study assesses pre-existing comorbidities, adjusted risks of postoperative major morbidities and mortality in intellectually disabled surgical patients.MethodsA nationwide population-based study was conducted in patients who underwent inpatient major surgery in Taiwan between 2004 and 2007. Four controls for each patient were randomly

Jui-An Lin; Chien-Chang Liao; Chuen-Chau Chang; Hang Chang; Ta-Liang Chen

2011-01-01

365

Adults with Learning Disabilities Redux.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This introductory article on adults with learning disabilities considers historical antecedents, the role of public policy (the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the 1975 Education for All Handicapped Children Act), the movement within the field of learning disabilities emphasizing transition to adulthood, and the continuance of public policy…

Gerber, Paul J.

2003-01-01

366

The World Report on Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The World Report on Disability, a joint endeavor of the World Health Organization and the World Bank, launched in June 2011, is an astonishing achievement that will set the standard for disability studies research for evidence-informed policy for years to come. The product of collaborative and participatory work between organizations of persons…

Bickenbach, Jerome

2011-01-01

367

Voices of Disability in Nursing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author shares her story of being a nurse with a disability who serves people with disabilities and older adults. She recounts her experience of what it is like to be stigmatized, marginalized, and to have lowered expectations because of her difference. The author had no right arm save about six inches from the shoulder down.…

Perkins, Liz

2009-01-01

368

The measurement of vision disability.  

PubMed

The American Medical Association's (AMA) visual efficiency scale, a vision disability metric based on visual impairment measurements, was adopted in 1925. That scale was based on a 30-year history of theoretical models in vision economics, a misinterpretation of Snellen notation for visual acuity, and an erroneous application of Weber's psychophysical law. The AMA visual efficiency scale survived uncontested for 75 years. In 2001, the AMA adopted a new vision disability scale based on logarithmic transformations of visual acuity and visual field diameter. Like the earlier visual efficiency scale, the new scale is theoretical-it is not supported by any data that speak to the relationship between vision disability and visual impairments. Attempts to measure vision disability date to the early 1980s with the development of self-assessment visual function rating scale questionnaires. Nearly all of the questionnaires developed over the last 20 years use Likert scales, but use them incorrectly. The development of a vision disability metric based on Likert scaling parallels the historical development of other forms of measurement. A tutorial review of psychometrics-classical test theory, item response theory, and Rasch analysis-shows how vision disability measurement scales can be estimated from Likert-type visual function rating scales. We conclude that preliminary data relating measures of vision disability to measures of visual acuity and visual fields support the new AMA vision disability scale. PMID:12199545

Massof, Robert W

2002-08-01

369

Disability and the Open City.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contributes to the social theorization of physical access for people with disabilities by critically exploring how Ulrich Beck's "reflexive modernisation" thesis might be applied to the geographical understanding of disability. Demonstrates how Beck's theoretical framework can be used to enrich people's understanding of the genesis and mediation…

Gleeson, Brendan

2001-01-01

370

Generalist Genes and Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors reviewed recent quantitative genetic research on learning disabilities that led to the conclusion that genetic diagnoses differ from traditional diagnoses in that the effects of relevant genes are largely general rather than specific. This research suggests that most genes associated with common learning disabilities--language…

Plomin, Robert; Kovas, Yulia

2005-01-01

371

Disabled Superheroes in Comic Books.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author reviews the role of "superhero" in comic books, finding five prominent characters with disabilities. He suggests that sales of these comic books are due, in part, to unique gimmicks in the character, but may also reflect increased acceptance within the society of successful disabled role models. (Author/CL)

Kokaska, Charles J.

1984-01-01

372

Collecting Disability Data from Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the development and national trial of a methodology for collecting disability data directly from parents, enabling schools and local authorities to meet their obligations under the "Disability Discrimination Act" (DDA; 2005) to promote equality of opportunity for all children. It illustrates the complexities around…

Porter, Jill; Daniels, Harry; Feiler, Anthony; Georgeson, Jan

2011-01-01

373

A Model Disability Awareness Day.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an all-day conciousness raising program designed to teach elementary school students about the disabled. The program described consisted of oral presentations and a theater performance by disabled individuals; it was presented to 270 students at Mary A. Hubbard School in Ramsey, New Jersey. (GC)

Watson, Emily Strauss

1984-01-01

374

Hypermedia Interaction for the Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Special types of prosthetic devices have been designed to support the specific needs of disabled and handicapped computer users in retrieving information. Of particular importance are interfaces based on the use of sound, tactile operations, and gestures. Such interfaces may be used to provide disabled people with access to hypermedia information.…

Barker, Philip

1992-01-01

375

Performing Determinism: Disability Culture Poetry  

Microsoft Academic Search

“Performing Determinism” discusses the performance of disability through poetry: the instability of language, the ability of words to clasp both generic and specific meaning, and the gaps that surround the performances of self. Disability culture acts as a frame for the inquiry, as the essay discusses crip aesthetics, crip critical practice, and the embodiment of language. In the reading of

Petra Kuppers

2007-01-01

376

Information Technology and Disabilities (ITD)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Electronic Journal: Information Technology and Disabilities: Refereed journal focussed on the development and effective use of new and emerging technologies by computer users with disabilities. Founded by EASI (Equal Access to Software and Information), topics include issues affecting rehabilitation counselors, human resources professionals, and developers of adaptive computer hardware and software products.

377

Dynamic Assessment of Language Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper reports a study of a narrative-based Dynamic Assessment (DA) procedure developed in the USA that is used in the UK with children with developmental language disabilities. Three monolingual English children with language disabilities are assessed by a speech/language pathologist/therapist who is learning to work with DA in collaboration…

Martin, Deirdre

2015-01-01

378

College Students and Disability Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article briefly reviews Section 504 of the 1973 Rehabilitation Act and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 and identifies criteria used to determine whether a student is both "disabled" and "qualified." Then, specific areas of admission, accommodation, and dismissal are examined. Finally, guidelines for professors and administrators…

Thomas, Stephen B.

2000-01-01

379

A Feminist Theology of Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Disability and long term incurable illness still attract a variety of demonisation and prejudice. This includes many of the same kinds of hostility that have faced women. Disabled people are blamed for their condition, regarded as bestial, grotesque and unclean. They are excluded from ritual spaces by Levitical law, modern prejudice and practical indifference. Feminist Theology has sometimes contributed to

Doreen Freeman

2002-01-01

380

Parking for Fans with Disabilities  

E-print Network

Parking for Fans with Disabilities UVA D3 Lot at Massie and Arlington Welcome to the dedicated parking area for fans with disabilities at Massie and Arlington, also known as the UVA D3 lot! This FREE parking area is provided for fans attending UVA football games. It is adjacent to UVA's Law School and J

Acton, Scott

381

Instruments to assess mobility limitation in community-dwelling older adults: a systematic review.  

PubMed

Mobility is critical in maintaining independence in older adults. This study aims to systematically review the scientific literature to identify measures of mobility limitation for community-dwelling older adults. A systematic search of PubMed, CINAHL, and psycINFO, using the search terms "mobility limitation", "mobility disability", and "mobility difficulty" yielded 1,847 articles from 1990 to 2012; a final selection of 103 articles was used for the present manuscript. Tools to measure mobility were found to be either self-report or performance-based instruments. Commonly measured constructs of mobility included walking, climbing stairs, and lower extremity function. There was heterogeneity in ways of defining and measuring mobility limitation in older adults living in the community. Given the lack of consistency in assessment tools for mobility, a clear understanding and standardization of instruments are required for comparison across studies and for better understanding indicators and outcomes of mobility limitation in community-dwelling older adults. PMID:24589525

Chung, Jane; Demiris, George; Thompson, Hilaire J

2015-04-01

382

Continuous Monitoring of Turning in Patients with Movement Disability  

PubMed Central

Difficulty with turning is a major contributor to mobility disability and falls in people with movement disorders, such as Parkinson's disease (PD). Turning often results in freezing and/or falling in patients with PD. However, asking a patient to execute a turn in the clinic often does not reveal their impairments. Continuous monitoring of turning with wearable sensors during spontaneous daily activities may help clinicians and patients determine who is at risk of falls and could benefit from preventative interventions. In this study, we show that continuous monitoring of natural turning with wearable sensors during daily activities inside and outside the home is feasible for people with PD and elderly people. We developed an algorithm to detect and characterize turns during gait, using wearable inertial sensors. First, we validate the turning algorithm in the laboratory against a Motion Analysis system and against a video analysis of 21 PD patients and 19 control (CT) subjects wearing an inertial sensor on the pelvis. Compared to Motion Analysis and video, the algorithm maintained a sensitivity of 0.90 and 0.76 and a specificity of 0.75 and 0.65, respectively. Second, we apply the turning algorithm to data collected in the home from 12 PD and 18 CT subjects. The algorithm successfully detects turn characteristics, and the results show that, compared to controls, PD subjects tend to take shorter turns with smaller turn angles and more steps. Furthermore, PD subjects show more variability in all turn metrics throughout the day and the week. PMID:24379043

El-Gohary, Mahmoud; Pearson, Sean; McNames, James; Mancini, Martina; Horak, Fay; Mellone, Sabato; Chiari, Lorenzo

2014-01-01

383

CERTIFICATION OF PSYCHOLOGICAL DISABILITY The student named below has applied for services from the Student Disability Service at  

E-print Network

of limitation. Life Activity No Impact Moderate Impact Severe Impact Don't Know Concentrating Memory Sleeping submission of assignments #12;Life Activity No Impact Moderate Impact Severe Impact Don't Know Attending and that the identified disability substantially limits one or more major life activities. A diagnosis of a disorder

Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

384

Case School of Engineering San Diego Programs MOBILE APPLICATIONS  

E-print Network

on a major mobile platforms (iOS, Windows Phone 7, or Android). (3 credit hours) FACULTY: The faculty/extension of a modest application (in iOS/Android/Windows mobile) 15.Development/extension of a modest

Rollins, Andrew M.

385

Changes in disability levels among older adults experiencing adverse events in postacute rehabilitation care: a prospective observational study.  

PubMed

This study aimed to assess the relationship between adverse events (AEs) and changes in the levels of disability from admission to discharge during inpatient rehabilitation programs.A prospective cohort study was conducted among a cohort of inpatients (216 older adults) admitted to a rehabilitation unit. The occurrences of any AE were reported. The level of disability regarding mobility activities was estimated using the disability qualifiers from the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health. Changes in the levels of disability between admission and discharge were assessed. Baseline-measured covariates were also selected.Regarding all 4 disability levels ("no limitation," "mild," "moderate," "severe," and "complete disability"), a total of 159 participants experienced an improvement at discharge (126 participants progressed 1 level, whereas 33 improved 2 disability levels), 56 made no change, and no participants experienced a decline.The occurrence of fall-related events and the diagnostic group (musculoskeletal system) are specific predictive factors of change in the level of disability. The odds of undergoing a change in any disability level between admission and discharge decreases by 68% (1-0.32) when patients experience fall-related events (odds ratio [OR]?=?0.32, 95% confidence interval [CI]?=?0.11-0.97, P?=?0.041) and increases for individuals with musculoskeletal conditions (OR?=?3.91, 95% CI?=?1.34-11.38, P?=?0.012).Our findings suggest that increased efforts to prevent the occurrence of these AEs, together with early interventions suited to the diagnosis of the affected system, may have a positive influence on the improvement of disability. Further studies should evaluate disability over time after discharge to obtain a better sense of how transient or permanent the associated disability may be. PMID:25715255

Gacto-Sánchez, Mariano; Medina-Mirapeix, Francesc; Navarro-Pujalte, Esther; Escolar-Reina, Pilar

2015-02-01

386

Defining disability: metaphysical not political.  

PubMed

Recent discussions surrounding the conceptualising of disability has resulted in a stalemate between British sociologists and philosophers. The stagnation of theorizing that has occurred threatens not only academic pursuits and the advancement of theoretical interpretations within the Disability Studies community, but also how we educate and advocate politically, legally, and socially. More pointedly, many activists and theorists in the UK appear to believe the British social model is the only effective means of understanding and advocating on behalf of people with disabilities. This model, largely reliant upon materialist research traditions, contends that disability is a form of social oppression and hence, is a phenomenon that should be conceptualised in social terms. Individual properties such as impairments are disregarded as they are viewed to be unimportant in the analysis of the social causes of disability. Concurrently, many bioethicists and philosophers have embraced what Tom Shakespeare has classified as an 'Interactional Approach' to disability--that "the experience of a disabled person results from the relationship between factors intrinsic to the individual, and the extrinsic factors arising from the wider context in which she finds herself". I intend to demonstrate that the benefits of the British social model are now outweighed by its burdens. I suggest, as Jerome Bickenbach has, that while it may be somewhat churlish to critique the social model in light of its political success, taken literally, it implies that people with disabilities require no additional health resources by virtue of their impairments. Despite the eloquent arguments that have preceded me by interactional theorists, none have been accepted as evidence of fallacious reasoning by British social model theorists. This article is an attempt to clarify why it is that the types of arguments British social model theorists have been offering are misguided. I suggest that the British social model, unlike an interactional approach, is unable to provide a realistic account of the experience of disability, and subsequently, unable to be properly utilized to ensure justice for people with disabilities. PMID:22481609

Riddle, Christopher A

2013-08-01

387

Contextual cognitive-behavioral therapy for severely disabled chronic pain sufferers: Effectiveness and clinically significant change  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interdisciplinary pain management programs have an established record of significantly improving the functioning of persons disabled with chronic pain. There is a group of pain sufferers, however, who have difficulty accessing these programs and for whom the effectiveness of these treatments in unknown, these are patients whose mobility and self-care deficits leave them unable to meet the practical demands of

Lance M. McCracken; Fiona MacKichan; Christopher Eccleston

2007-01-01

388

Long-Term Morbidity and Management Strategies of Tracheal Aspiration in Adults with Severe Developmental Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The feeding skills of 73 adults with severe developmental disabilities who aspirated were examined. Mobility, level of mental retardation, or feeding skill did not discriminate those who aspirated. Mealtime respiratory distress (65%) or chronic lung disease (55%), however, were significantly associated with aspiration. (Author/DB)

Rogers, B.; And Others

1994-01-01

389

Assistive and Adaptive Technology--Supporting Competence and Independence in Young Children with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that computers and related technology can be an important asset in the classrooms of young children with disabilities. Suggests that this technology can promote mobility, communication, and learning; increase independence; augment abilities; compensate for learning challenges; overcome learned helplessness; and foster competence and…

Brett, Arlene

1997-01-01

390

The Squeaky Wheel of Policy Implementation: Poor Children with Disabilities and Disadvantaged School Districts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The squeaky wheel method of policy implementation takes place when policy mandates are not implemented by need, but by the kind and amount of external influence mobilized on behalf of policy recipients. Case studies of three rural students with severe disabilities demonstrated that the services each child received were dependent on the strength of…

Capper, Colleen A.

391

Feasibility of Quantitative Ultrasound Measurement of the Heel Bone in People with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Low bone mineral density (BMD) and fractures are common in people with intellectual disabilities (ID). Reduced mobility in case of motor impairment and the use of anti-epileptic drugs contribute to the development of low BMD. Quantitative ultrasound (QUS) measurement of the heel bone is a non-invasive and radiation-free method for measuring bone…

Mergler, S.; Lobker, B.; Evenhuis, H. M.; Penning, C.

2010-01-01

392

Application of mobile-IP to space and aeronautical networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

NASA is interested in applying Mobile Internet Protocol (mobile-IP) technologies to its space and aeronautics programs. In particular, mobile-IP will play a major role in the Advanced Aeronautic Transportation Technology (AATT), the Weather Information Communication (WINCOMM) and the Small Aircraft Transportation System; (SATS) aeronautics programs. This paper describes mobile-IP and mobile-routers-in particular, the features, capabilities, and initial performance of the

Kent Leung; Dan Shell; William D. Ivancic; David H. Stewart; Terry L. Bell; B. A. Kachmar

2001-01-01

393

Comprehension of Humor in Children with Nonverbal Learning Disabilities, Reading Disabilities, and without Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The normal development of humor in children has been well documented with a predictable course that is tied to social, cognitive, and linguistic development in children. This study explored humor comprehension in children with nonverbal learning disabilities (NVLD). Children with NVLD were compared with children with reading disabilities and a…

Semrud-Clikeman, Margaret; Glass, Kimberly

2008-01-01

394

The Impact of Early Powered Mobility on Parental Stress, Negative Emotions, and Family Social Interactions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Powered mobility has been found to have positive effects on young children with severe physical disabilities, but the impact on the family has been less well documented. We evaluated the impact of early powered mobility on parental stress, negative emotions, perceived social interactions, and parental satisfaction with wheelchair characteristics…

Tefft, Donita; Guerette, Paula; Furumasu, Jan

2011-01-01

395

FEASABILITY OF A MOBILE ROBOT WITH ALTERNATIVE CONTROL SYSTEM FOR A CHILD WITH CEREBRAL PALSY  

E-print Network

1 FEASABILITY OF A MOBILE ROBOT WITH ALTERNATIVE CONTROL SYSTEM FOR A CHILD WITH CEREBRAL PALSY]. In the case of cerebral palsy, the most common cause of motor disability in children, the estimation ranges with cerebral palsy, with spastic and athetoid features. The child's gross motor mobility is limited to rolling

Stansfield, Sharon

396

A Life-Space Approach to Functional Assessment of Mobility in the Elderly  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobility represents a critical component in the functional and disability assessment of older adults because it is related significantly to the maintenance of elder autonomy and independence. The authors' primary purposes are to raise the consciousness of geriatric social workers about the need to consider mobility as an important aspect of older persons' lives in the context of their environment,

Michael Parker; Patricia S. Baker; Richard M. Allman

2002-01-01

397

Transforming Disability Policy for Youth and Young Adults with Disabilities. Disability Policy Research Brief. Number 09-01  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transition to adulthood can be difficult for youth, particularly those who have disabilities severe enough that they receive Supplemental Security Income (SSI), Social Security Disability Insurance (DI), or other disability program benefits. Besides the issues facing all transition-age youth, young people with disabilities face a host of…

O'Day, Bonnie; Stapleton, David

2009-01-01

398

Puberty, contraception, and hormonal management for young people with disabilities.  

PubMed

Assessment and management of a young person with a severe disability is multifaceted and complex. Variations of puberty can cause major concerns for parents and carers, with fears of imminent menstruation, peer and personal differences, concern for height outcome, as well as grief for a loss of childhood. Addressing physical, emotional, and social issues assists in optimizing outcomes. This article outlines specific evaluation and detailed management strategies for female and male pubertal problems in the context of disability, including treatments for extreme pubertal delay or acceleration, menstrual management at different ages, contraceptive issues, and sexual function and choices for both sexes. PMID:18832526

Zacharin, Margaret R

2009-03-01

399

Perceived support among Iranian mothers of children with learning disability.  

PubMed

This qualitative phenomenological study explores the lived experiences of perceived support by Iranian mothers who have children with learning disability. Twelve open interviews with six mothers of learning-disabled children (7-12 years of age) were audiotape-recorded with participants' consent. The interviews were transcribed and data were analyzed using Van Manen methodology. Two major themes emerged from 138 thematic sentences. The mothers'experiences could be interpreted as a sense of being in the light or being in the shade of support, with variations for different participants. The results indicate a need for more specialized and individually adjusted support for mothers in Iran. PMID:19583054

Kermanshahi, Sima Mohammad Khan; Vanaki, Zohreh; Ahmadi, Fazlollah; Azadfalah, Parviz

2009-01-01

400

Center Director Bridges visits Disability Awareness and Action working Group Technology Fair  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Center Director Roy Bridges stops to talk to one of the vendors at the Disability Awareness and Action Working Group (DAAWG) Technology Fair being held Oct. 20-21 at Kennedy Space Center. With him at the far left is Sterling Walker, director of Engineering Development at KSC and chairman of DAAWG, and Nancie Strott, a multi-media specialist with Dynacs and chairperson of the Fair; at the right is Carol Cavanaugh, with KSC Public Services. The Fair is highlighting vendors demonstrating mobility, hearing, vision and silent disability assistive technology. The purpose is to create an awareness of the types of technology currently available to assist people with various disabilities in the workplace. The theme is that of this year's National Disability Employment Awareness Month, 'Opening Doors to Ability.' Some of the vendors participating are Canine Companions for Independence, Goodwill Industries, Accessible Structures, Division of Blind Services, Space Coast Center for Independent Living, KSC Fitness Center and Delaware North Parks Services.

1999-01-01

401

Center Director Bridges visits Disability Awareness and Action working Group Technology Fair  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Center Director Roy Bridges (standing, center) poses with members of the Disability Awareness and Action Working Group (DAAWG), which is holding the 1999 Technology Fair Oct. 20-21 at Kennedy Space Center. The Fair is highlighting vendors demonstrating mobility, hearing, vision and silent disability assistive technology. The purpose is to create an awareness of the types of technology currently available to assist people with various disabilities in the workplace. The theme is that of this year's National Disability Employment Awareness Month, 'Opening Doors to Ability.' Some of the vendors participating are Canine Companions for Independence, Goodwill Industries, Accessible Structures, Division of Blind Services, Space Coast Center for Independent Living, KSC Fitness Center and Delaware North Parks Services.

1999-01-01

402

A Psychiatric Primer for Programs Serving People with Developmental Disabilities. Monograph #101.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for personnel in programs serving persons with developmental disabilities, the booklet provides basic information about the major psychiatric disorders and their treatment. Five sections cover: the major disorders; medications--uses and problems; assessment; cooordination of services; and psychiatric emergencies. Major disorders such as…

Dal Pozzo, Earlene; Bernstein, Gail S.

403

Disability in people affected by leprosy: the role of impairment, activity, social participation, stigma and discrimination  

PubMed Central

Background Leprosy-related disability is a challenge to public health, and social and rehabilitation services in endemic countries. Disability is more than a mere physical dysfunction, and includes activity limitations, stigma, discrimination, and social participation restrictions. We assessed the extent of disability and its determinants among persons with leprosy-related disabilities after release from multi drug treatment. Methods We conducted a survey on disability among persons affected by leprosy in Indonesia, using a Rapid Disability Appraisal toolkit based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. The toolkit included the Screening of Activity Limitation and Safety Awareness (SALSA) scale, Participation Scale, Jacoby Stigma Scale (anticipated stigma), Explanatory Model Interview Catalogue (EMIC) stigma scale and Discrimination assessment. Community members were interviewed using a community version of the stigma scale. Multivariate linear regression was done to identify factors associated with social participation. Results Overall 1,358 persons with leprosy-related disability (PLD) and 931 community members were included. Seventy-seven percent of PLD had physical impairments. Impairment status deteriorated significantly after release from treatment (from 59% to 77%). Around 60% of people reported activity limitations and participation restrictions and 36% anticipated stigma. As for participation restrictions and stigma, shame, problems related to marriage and difficulties in employment were the most frequently reported problems. Major determinants of participation were severity of impairment and level of education, activity and stigma. Reported severity of community stigma correlated with severity of participation restrictions in the same districts. Discussion The majority of respondents reported problems in all components of disability. The reported physical impairment after release from treatment justifies ongoing monitoring to facilitate early prevention. Stigma was a major determinant of social participation, and therefore disability. Stigma reduction activities and socio-economic rehabilitation are urgently needed in addition to strategies to reduce the development of further physical impairment after release from treatment. PMID:22826694

van Brakel, Wim H.; Sihombing, Benyamin; Djarir, Hernani; Beise, Kerstin; Kusumawardhani, Laksmi; Yulihane, Rita; Kurniasari, Indra; Kasim, Muhammad; Kesumaningsih, Kadek I.; Wilder-Smith, Annelies

2012-01-01

404

Students With Psychiatric Disabilities in Higher Education SettingsThe Americans With Disabilities Act and Beyond  

Microsoft Academic Search

College students with psychiatric disabilities face multiple challenges. Judicial rulings under the Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 have generated outcomes that are sometimes more harmful than helpful. To reduce discrimination against persons with disabilities requires, among other things, a cultural shift in how psychiatric disabilities are viewed. This article examines (a) challenges that students with psychiatric disabilities face

Sharlene A. Kiuhara; Dixie S. Huefner

2008-01-01

405

The Perceptions of People with Disabilities as to the Effectiveness of the Americans with Disabilities Act  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the perceptions of people with disabilities as to the effectiveness of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) in regard to accessibility issues covered by Titles II, III, and IV. In analyzing the influence of the independent variables (disability type, age of onset of disability, disability organization membership, and employment status) on perceptions of the ADA's effectiveness, most

Cathy A. Hinton

2003-01-01

406

College Students with Disabilities' Motivation to Utilize Disability Support Services: A Qualitative Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study investigated the motivation of college students with disabilities to disclose their disability(s) to the university and to utilize disability support services. Eleven college students with a diversity of invisible disabilities from a large university were interviewed using a narrative approach. Analysis involved a combination of…

Meyer, Rachel Heather

2012-01-01

407

Disabilities Support Services (DSS) University of Delaware  

E-print Network

as an American with Disabilities Act (ADA) covered disability, the student must have a current condition or forwards all medical, psychological or disability related requests for special housing to the Americans with Disabilities Act (DSS) Office. This information is kept confidential and is used to evaluate requests while

Firestone, Jeremy

408

Bad Bedfellows: Disability Sex Rights and Viagra  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The disability rights movement grounds material critiques of the treatment of people with disabilities in a social constructionist perspective, locating disability in the social rather than physical realm, and demedicalizing the concept of disability. However, this conceptualization is threatened by the medicalization of non-normative erections as…

Wentzell, Emily

2006-01-01

409

Voices of Disability on the Radio  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: While much commentary exists in relation to the portrayal of disabled people in the media, very little research examines the talk itself in any detail. This paper examines the how people with communication disabilities and disabled people are dealt with in the talk of a radio programme about disability. Aims: To show how the voices of…

O'Malley, Mary Pat

2008-01-01

410

Causal Relationships between Poverty and Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although research suggests why disability may cause poverty, it is not well understood why poverty may cause disability. This article presents the Poverty Disability Model, which includes four groups of factors that increase the risk that poverty will cause disability and chronic health problems. Rehabilitation interventions and counselor…

Lustig, Daniel C.; Strauser, David R.

2007-01-01

411

2008 Disability Status Report: The United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Annual Disability Status Reports provide policy makers, disability advocates, reporters, and the public with a summary of the most recent demographic and economic statistics on the non-institutionalized population with disabilities. They contain information on the population size and disability prevalence for various demographic…

Erickson, W. Lee C.; von Schrader, S.

2010-01-01

412

2009 Disability Status Report: United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Annual Disability Status Reports provide policy makers, disability advocates, reporters, and the public with a summary of the most recent demographic and economic statistics on the non-institutionalized population with disabilities. They contain information on the population size and disability prevalence for various demographic…

Erickson, W. Lee C.; von Schrader, S.

2011-01-01

413

Group Benefits Long Term Disability Benefits  

E-print Network

­ not the specific job they were hired to do. Contracts that have an own occupation definition of disability usuallyGroup Benefits Long Term Disability Benefits #12;What are Long Term Disability (LTD) benefits? Long job to confirm whether you meet the definition of disability within your group benefits contract

414

Diagnostic Utility of the Learning Disability Index.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared students diagnosed with learning disabilities (n=2,053) and students without learning disabilities (n=2,200) on the Learning Disability Index (LDI). Subsamples of specific reading and math disabilities permitted further assessment. Analysis indicated the LDI resulted in a correct diagnostic decision only 55 to 64 percent of the…

Watkins, Marley W.; Kush, Joseph C.; Schaefer, Barbara A.

2002-01-01

415

Children's Perceptions of Peers with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's books with characters that have disabilities have been touted as an avenue to introduce children to their peers with disabilities. Children's literature specialists have suggested that the use of these books may result in a more positive attitude on the part of children without disabilities toward their peers with disabilities. Working…

Smith-D'Arezzo, Wendy M.; Moore-Thomas, Cheryl

2010-01-01

416

Fluid blade disablement tool  

DOEpatents

A fluid blade disablement (FBD) tool that forms both a focused fluid projectile that resembles a blade, which can provide precision penetration of a barrier wall, and a broad fluid projectile that functions substantially like a hammer, which can produce general disruption of structures behind the barrier wall. Embodiments of the FBD tool comprise a container capable of holding fluid, an explosive assembly which is positioned within the container and which comprises an explosive holder and explosive, and a means for detonating. The container has a concavity on the side adjacent to the exposed surface of the explosive. The position of the concavity relative to the explosive and its construction of materials with thicknesses that facilitate inversion and/or rupture of the concavity wall enable the formation of a sharp and coherent blade of fluid advancing ahead of the detonation gases.

Jakaboski, Juan-Carlos (Albuquerque, NM); Hughs, Chance G. (Albuquerque, NM); Todd, Steven N. (Rio Rancho, NM)

2012-01-10

417

Variations in provider capacity to offer accessible health care for people with disabilities.  

PubMed

Since social workers are likely to practice in a range of health care settings, their training focusing on human behavior in the social environment could help providers develop strategies to improve access to care for people with disabilities. In this article, results from a comprehensive survey of providers about access to health care for people with a broad range of disabilities are reported. Results suggest that a minority of providers report difficulty serving people with disabilities. However, dentists and mental health/substance abuse providers are significantly less likely than other providers to report that they provide accessible services to individuals with disabilities. These providers are less likely to report having had training related to mobility impairments, providing mirrors at their facility, having an accessible door, or providing assistance with personal care needs, and are more likely to report that their building poses a barrier for people with disabilities. Social workers are well positioned to take a leadership role in working with providers and patients to improve access to health care for people with disabilities. A social work framework of understanding the individual in a social environment may be the most appropriate perspective for creating innovative strategies for addressing the complex, multidimensional needs of people with disabilities who experience limited access to care. PMID:17989034

Bachman, Sara S; Vedrani, Mark; Drainoni, Mari-Lynn; Tobias, Carol; Andrew, Jennifer

2007-01-01

418

Description and performance of a digital mobile satellite terminal  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A major goal of the Mobile Satellite Experiment (MSAT-X) program at the Jet Propulsion Lab (JPL) is the development of an advanced digital terminal for use in land mobile satellite communication. The terminal has been developed to minimize the risk of applying advanced technologies to future commercial mobile satellite systems (MSS). Testing with existing L band satellites was performed in fixed, land mobile and aeronautical mobile environments. JPL's development and tests of its mobile terminal have demonstrated the viability of narrowband digital voice communications in a land mobile environment through geostationary satellites. This paper provides a consolidated description of the terminal architecture and the performance of its individual elements.

Lay, N.; Jedrey, T.; Parkyn, J.; Divsalar, D.

1990-01-01

419

Application of Mobile-ip to Space and Aeronautical Networks  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is interested in applying mobile Internet protocol (mobile-ip) technologies to its space and aeronautics programs. In particular, mobile-ip will play a major role in the Advanced Aeronautic Transportation Technology (AAT-F), the Weather Information Communication (WINCOMM), and the Small Aircraft Transportation System (SATS) aeronautics programs. This paper describes mobile-ip and mobile routers--in particular, the features, capabilities, and initial performance of the mobile router are presented. The application of mobile-router technology to NASA's space and aeronautics programs is also discussed.

Leung, Kent; Shell, Dan; Ivancic, William D.; Stewart, David H.; Bell, Terry L.; Kachmar, Brian A.

2001-01-01

420

78 FR 12219 - Excepted Service-Appointment of Persons With Intellectual Disabilities, Severe Physical...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Appointment of Persons With Intellectual Disabilities, Severe Physical Disabilities...appointment of persons with intellectual disabilities, severe physical disabilities...retardation'' with ``intellectual disability.'' OPM received...

2013-02-22

421

Working Together: Computers and People with Mobility Impairments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief paper describes several computing tools that have been effectively used by individuals with mobility impairments. Emphasis is on tasks to be completed and how the individuals abilities (not disabilities), with possible assistance from technology, can be used to accomplish them. Preliminary information addresses the importance of…

Washington Univ., Seattle.

422

Narrating Disability, Narrating Religious Practice: Reconciliation and Fragile X Syndrome  

PubMed Central

This article examines the place of religion in the narratives of mothers of children with fragile X syndrome. In semistructured interviews, a majority of women combined narratives of religious practice with illness narratives, interpreting their children’s disabilities within a religious framework. Informed by Arthur Frank’s (1995) concept of “wounded storytellers,” the authors articulate a reconciliation narrative that mothers commonly used to describe their transition from viewing disability as a burden or challenge to seeing it as a blessing, or as a part of God’s purpose or plan for their lives. The authors discuss the significance of narrative for better understanding religious perspectives on disability and conclude with the implications of these findings for practitioners and future research. PMID:20597744

Michie, Marsha; Skinner, Debra

2011-01-01

423

People with disabilities and social determinants of health discourses.  

PubMed

Social determinants of health (SDH) are an important public health policy discourse and the concept and scope of SDH is debated within and outside of the public health field. This article concerns itself with the visibility of people with disabilities in existing SDH discourses. It employed a frequency analysis of Google and Google Scholar search hits obtained with the phrase "social determinants of health" in combination with various social groups and looked at the visibility of people with disabilities within key SDH documents, the Millennium Development Goals and some contemporary SDH such as energy, water and climate change security. It found that people with disabilities are much less visible than other social groups despite the major impact SDH have on this population. PMID:21913592

Wolbring, Gregor

2011-01-01

424

Visual functions and disability in diabetic retinopathy patients  

PubMed Central

Purpose This study was undertaken to find correlations between visual functions and visual disabilities in patients with diabetic retinopathy. Method A cross-sectional study was carried out among 38 visually impaired diabetic retinopathy subjects at the Low Vision Clinic of B.P. Koirala Lions Centre for Ophthalmic Studies, Kathmandu. The subjects underwent assessment of distance and near visual acuity, objective and subjective refraction, contrast sensitivity, color vision, and central and peripheral visual fields. The visual disabilities of each subject in their daily lives were evaluated using a standard questionnaire. Multiple regression analysis between visual functions and visual disabilities index was assessed. Result The majority of subjects (42.1%) were of the age group 60–70 years. Best corrected visual acuity was found to be 0.73 ± 0.2 in the better eye and 0.93 ± 0.27 in the worse eye, which was significantly different at p = 0.002. Visual disability scores were significantly higher for legibility of letters (1.2 ± 0.3) and sentences (1.4 ± 0.4), and least for clothing (0.7 ± 0.3). Visual disability index for legibility of letters and sentences was significantly correlated with near visual acuity and peripheral visual field. Contrast sensitivity was also significantly correlated with the visual disability index, and total scores. Conclusion Impairment of near visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, and peripheral visual field correlated significantly with different types of visual disability. Hence, these clinical tests should be an integral part of the visual assessment of diabetic eyes. PMID:24646899

Shrestha, Gauri Shankar; Kaiti, Raju

2013-01-01

425

75 FR 62676 - Disability Determinations by State Agency Disability Examiners  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance Program No 96.001, Social Security--Disability Insurance; 96.002, Social Security--Retirement Insurance; 96.004, Social Security--Survivors Insurance; 96.006, Supplemental...

2010-10-13

426

Activity and Participation Characteristics of Adults with Learning Disabilities - A Systematic Review  

PubMed Central

Background ‘Learning disabilities’ (LD) refer to a wide group of neurological disorders caused by deficits in the central nervous system which influence the individual's ability to maintain-, process or convey information to others in an efficient way. A worldwide discussion about the definitions of LD continues while a conceptual framework for studying the diverse life outcomes of adults with LD is still missing. Objective The aim was to review the literature on the activity and participation of adults with LD based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) concepts. Methods “PsychInfo”, “Eric” and “PubMed” were searched for relevant literature according to the guidelines of Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). After a three-stage process, 62 articles relevant for domains of activity and participation of adults with LD were included in the review. Results Thirty-two articles focused on the domain of major life areas of education, work and employment and twelve articles focused on the domain of learning and applying knowledge. Limitations in activity and participation of the population with LD in these domains are recognized and discussed. Eighteen additional articles demonstrated that adults with LD confront difficulties in various life domains (e.g., communication, interpersonal interactions, mobility, and domestic life), however literature concerning these domains is scarce. Conclusions The ICF can be useful for further exploration of activity and participation characteristics of adults with LD in various life domains. Such exploration is required in order to gain a wider perspective of their functional characteristics and daily needs. PMID:25184315

Sharfi, Kineret; Rosenblum, Sara

2014-01-01

427

Artist Mobiles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an art teacher's attempt to get away from standard student reports on famous artists and to make the project more fun and creative. Explains how students were asked to combine traditional research skills with creativity to produce mobiles with information and pictures related to their artist. (DSK)

Solberg, Margaret Ewert

1998-01-01

428

Atomic Mobile  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Learners make a mobile model of a carbon atom using clay, wire, and pipe cleaners. Learners will use the periodic table as a guide and explore how atoms are made up of a nucleus of protons and neutrons with orbiting electrons. The activity includes a PDF file of a periodic table and a guide for reading it.

American Museum of Natural History

2012-06-26

429

Mars Mobiles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity introduces students to the basic features of the Mars landscape. Students locate the planets of the solar system on a diagram; look at pictures of Mars and describe the Martian landscape; describe landscape features of Earth, and compare those to what is found on Mars; and make mobiles showing features of the Martian landscape.

430

The identification of job opportunities for severely disabled sick-listed employees  

PubMed Central

Background Work disability is a major problem for both the worker and society. To explore the work opportunities in regular jobs of persons low in functional abilities, we tried to identify occupations low in task demands. Because of the variety of functional abilities and of the corresponding work demands, the disabled persons need to be classified by type of disability in a limited number of subgroups. Within each subgroup, occupations judged suitable for the most seriously disabled will be selected as having a very low level of the corresponding task demands. These occupations can be applied as reference occupations to assess the presence or absence of work capacity of sick-listed employees in regular jobs, and as job opportunities for people with a specific type of functional disability. Methods Registered data from 50,931 disability assessments within the Dutch social security system were used in a second order factor analysis to identify types of disabilities in claimants for a disability pension. Threshold values were chosen to classify claimants according to the severity of the disability. In the disability assessment procedure, a labour expert needs to select jobs with task demands not exceeding the functional abilities of the claimant. For each type of disability, the accessible jobs for the subgroup of the most severely disabled claimants were identified as lowest in the corresponding demand. Results The factor analysis resulted in four types of disabilities: general physical ability; autonomy; psychological ability; and manual skills. For each of these types of disablement, a set of four to six occupations low in task demands were selected for the subgroup of most severely disabled claimants. Because of an overlap of the sets of occupations, 13 occupations were selected in total. The percentage of claimants with at least one of the occupations of the corresponding set (the coverage), ranged from 84% to 93%. An alternative selection of six occupations for all subgroups with even less overlap had a coverage ranging from 84% to 89% per subgroup. Conclusion This study resulted in two proposals for a set of reference occupations. Further research will be needed to compare the results of the new method of disability assessment to the results of the method presently used in practice. PMID:22394686

2012-01-01

431

Learning Disabilities Association of America  

MedlinePLUS

... with LD Mental Health Resources 2016 Call for Papers Open Read more Learning Disabilities Association of America ... 15-18, 2016. Anyone wishing to present a paper, conduct a workshop, provide an informational session, or ...

432

The National Organization on Disability  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1982, the mission of the National Organization on Disability (NOD) is â??to expand the participation and contribution of Americaâ??s 54 million men, women and children with disabilities in all aspects of life.â?ť From their homepage, visitors can delve into a number of their resources, such as summaries of the organizationâ??s own advocacy work that deals with such themes as community involvement, economic participation, and creating an environment that is supportive for those with a broad range of disabilities. The site also contains important information for community leaders, such as summaries of projects developed by the NOD and its partners on topics such as making religious facilities more accessible. The site is rounded out by a section designed for the media that the general user will appreciate as well, as it contains a number of basic reports and surveys on disabled persons and general press releases.

433

Language-Based Learning Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... or symptoms of a language-based learning disability? Dyslexia has been used to refer to the specific ... problems have spoken language problems. The child with dyslexia has trouble almost exclusively with the written (or ...

434

Illness and Disability for Girls  

MedlinePLUS

... an illness or disability? An illness is a sickness. Some illnesses are acute, which means they come ... it makes it worth getting up in the morning. If you suffer from severe depression like I ...

435

Guide to Disability Rights Laws  

MedlinePLUS

... with Disabilities Act. Section 501 Section 501 requires affirmative action and nondiscrimination in employment by Federal agencies of ... Employment Opportunity Office. Section 503 Section 503 requires affirmative action and prohibits employment discrimination by Federal government contractors ...

436

The Eye and Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A joint organizational statement on vision and therapy for learning disabilities and dyslexia is presented by the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American Academy of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology, and the American Association of Ophthalmology. (CB)

Sight-Saving Review, 1971

1971-01-01

437

Persons'wi-th Disabilities  

E-print Network

Insurance 14 B. Health Insurance 15 C. Automobile Insurance 15 D. Insurance Appeal Procedures 16 AND IN PUBLIC PLACES 14 III. NONDISCRIMINATION IN INSURANCE COVERAGE 14 A. Life, Annuity, or Disability

438

Benefits for People with Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... Waste or Abuse Site Map Website Policies Other Government Websites: Benefits.gov Disability.gov Healthcare.gov MyMoney.gov Regulations.gov USA.gov Other Government Sites Follow: External Link Disclaimer You are exiting ...

439

STANDARD INSURANCE When a disability affects an Employee, benefit payments are available. With Long Term Disability  

E-print Network

- 50 - STANDARD INSURANCE When a disability affects an Employee, benefit payments are available. With Long Term Disability (LTD) Insurance, a portion of your income is protected if you are unable to work Long Term Disability Insurance #12;- 51 - Mental Disorders

440

Swiss children's moral and psychological judgments about inclusion and exclusion of children with disabilities.  

PubMed

Children's judgments about inclusion and exclusion of children with disabilities were investigated in a Swiss sample of 6-, 9-, and 12-year-old children from inclusive and noninclusive classrooms (N = 422). Overall, the majority of children judged it as morally wrong to exclude children with disabilities. Yet, participants were less likely to expect the inclusion of children with mental or physical disabilities in academic and athletic contexts compared to social contexts. Moreover, older children more consistently coordinated disability type with context of exclusion. There were also significant differences depending on the type of classroom. The findings extend existing research on exclusion by investigating exclusion based on disability across different age groups and educational settings. PMID:23668773

Gasser, Luciano; Malti, Tina; Buholzer, Alois

2014-01-01

441

Swiss Children's Moral and Psychological Judgments about Inclusion and Exclusion of Children with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's judgments about inclusion and exclusion of children with disabilities were investigated in a Swiss sample of 6-, 9-, and 12-year-old children from inclusive and noninclusive classrooms (N = 422). Overall, the majority of children judged it as morally wrong to exclude children with disabilities. Yet, participants were less likely to…

Gasser, Luciano; Malti, Tina; Buholzer, Alois

2014-01-01

442

High School?Aged Youths' Attitudes Toward their Peers with Disabilities: the role of school and student interpersonal Factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Negative peer attitudes are generally recognised as being a major barrier to full social inclusion at school for children and youth with disabilities. The present study examined the attitudes of 1,872 grade nine high school students in Ontario, Canada toward their peers with disabilities. A bioecological perspective and a structural equation modeling approach were adopted to investigate how various aspects

Janette McDougall; David J. DeWit; Gillian King; Linda T. Miller; Steve Killip

2004-01-01

443

The SSDI Trust Fund: New Solutions to an Old Problem. Washington, DC: Center for Studying Disability Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI)—the main federal program providing cash assistance to workers with disabilities—is facing a major fiscal crisis. This brief discusses an approach to a long-term solution using a work support policy that could reduce entry into the program and improve the economic outlook for workers with disabilities.

David Stapleton; David Wittenburg

2011-01-01

444

An Exploration of Learning Disabilities in Four Countries: Implications for Test Development and Use in Developing Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tests often are used to assist in assessing common childhood disabilities and disorders (e.g., mental retardation). Learning disabilities and difficulties (LD) constitute the plurality, even the majority, of school-related disorders in many countries. However, tests and other assessment methods to assess LD are not available universally and, among…

Oakland, Thomas; Mpofu, Elias; Gregoire, Jacques; Faulkner, Michael

2007-01-01

445

Astronomical activities with disabled people  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As we celebrate the International Year of Astronomy, we have been working on four different projects with the goal of making astronomy more accessible to people with special needs. These projects are 1) an astronomy book and web site for blind people, 2) an open source software for people with motor disabilities, 3) a planetarium program for the visually impaired and 4) educational material for intellectually disabled people.

Ortiz-Gil, Amelia; Blay, Pere; Gallego Calvente, A. Teresa; Gómez, Miquel; Guirado, José Carlos; Lanzara, Mariana; Martínez Núńez, Silvia

2011-06-01

446

Disabilities and the Law Quiz  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This document was developed by Access Tech Careers to support successful course completion for students with learning disabilities. It is an example of a quiz to assess how well individuals understand the laws that protect the rights of individuals with learning disabilities and related disorders. The answer key is also available in PDF format: http://accesstechcareers.landmark.edu/files/2011/08/ATE-ld-law-quiz-answers.pdf.

447

Flexible Pre-Majors: Final Report of the Flexible Pre-Majors Working Group  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides advice for program areas contemplating the development of a Flexible Pre-Major (FPM) in their discipline. The FPM is another means of aiding student transfer in a system that expects and encourages significant student mobility. The FPM addresses a problematic area for academic students: that of completing the lower level major

FitzGibbon, John; Orum, Jennifer

2011-01-01

448

Inequality in Disability in Bangladesh  

PubMed Central

Objective To investigate inequality in disability in Bangladesh. Methods The study used both household level and individual level data from a large nationally representative data set, Bangladesh’s Household Income and Expenditure Survey - 2010. Principal component analysis was used to construct a wealth index based on household assets from household level data. Then, using data from 49,809 individuals aged 5 years and over, chi-square tests and logistic regression were performed to test the association between wealth level and disability. Findings Women and older people are significantly more likely to report having disabilities than men and younger people. For middle and rich families, respectively, there is a 14 percent lower likelihood of reporting disabilities than for poor families. Changes in the probability of having disabilities are linear with increasing wealth. In addition, the study identifies some significant factors affecting disability, namely, age, sex, education, marital status, and place of residence including divisional differences. Conclusion In Bangladesh, worse health among the poor argues for policies prioritizing this group while at the same time giving special attention to women and the elderly. PMID:25075513

Tareque, Md. Ismail; Begum, Sharifa; Saito, Yasuhiko

2014-01-01

449

PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS --1 PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS --2  

E-print Network

PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS -- 1 #12;PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS -- 2 Handbook for Undergraduate Psychology Majors......................................................................................................................................2 A. Psychology Program Goals and Purpose B. Declaration of Major C. History of Marquette University D. Facilities E. Graduate Program in Clinical Psychology 2. Department Faculty and Staff

Sanders, Matthew

450

Fall 2012 Majors Counts Undergraduate # of Majors Degree Majors Total  

E-print Network

/Pictorial Arts 15 BFA Art/Spatial Arts 49 BA Art/Art History and Visual Culture 51 BA Art Design 201 BS Industrial Design 77 BFA Graphic Design 168 BFA Interior Design 453 BA Art/Design Studies English 408 BAFall 2012 Majors Counts Undergraduate # of Majors Degree Majors Total 164 BA Art/Studio Practice

Su, Xiao

451

Recent trends in assistive technology for mobility  

PubMed Central

Loss of physical mobility makes maximal participation in desired activities more difficult and in the worst case fully prevents participation. This paper surveys recent work in assistive technology to improve mobility for persons with a disability, drawing on examples observed during a tour of academic and industrial research sites in Europe. The underlying theme of this recent work is a more seamless integration of the capabilities of the user and the assistive technology. This improved integration spans diverse technologies, including powered wheelchairs, prosthetic limbs, functional electrical stimulation, and wearable exoskeletons. Improved integration is being accomplished in three ways: 1) improving the assistive technology mechanics; 2) improving the user-technology physical interface; and 3) sharing of control between the user and the technology. We provide an overview of these improvements in user-technology integration and discuss whether such improvements have the potential to be transformative for people with mobility impairments. PMID:22520500

2012-01-01

452

Mobility Types for Mobile Ambients  

Microsoft Academic Search

An ambient is a named cluster of processes and subambients, whichmoves as a group. The untyped ambient calculus is a process calculusin which ambients model a variety of concepts such as network nodes,packets, channels, and software agents. In these models, some ambientsare intended to be mobile, some immobile; and some are intendedto be ephemeral, some persistent. We describe type systems

Luca Cardelli; Andrew D. Gordon; Giorgio Ghelli

1999-01-01

453

Disability in instrumental activities of daily living among older adults: gender differences  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE To analyze gender differences in the incidence and determinants of disability regarding instrumental activities of daily living among older adults. METHODS The data were extracted from the Saúde, Bem-Estar e Envelhecimento (SABE – Health, Wellbeing and Ageing) study. In 2000, 1,034 older adults without difficulty in regarding instrumental activities of daily living were selected. The following characteristics were evaluated at the baseline: sociodemographic and behavioral variables, health status, falls, fractures, hospitalizations, depressive symptoms, cognition, strength, mobility, balance and perception of vision and hearing. Instrumental activities of daily living such as shopping and managing own money and medication, using transportation and using the telephone were reassessed in 2006, with incident cases of disability considered as the outcome. RESULTS The incidence density of disability in instrumental activities of daily living was 44.7/1,000 person/years for women and 25.2/1,000 person/years for men. The incidence rate ratio between women and men was 1.77 (95%CI 1.75;1.80). After controlling for socioeconomic status and clinical conditions, the incidence rate ratio was 1.81 (95%CI 1.77;1.84), demonstrating that women with chronic disease and greater social vulnerability have a greater incidence density of disability in instrumental activities of daily living. The following were determinants of the incidence of disability: age ? 80 and worse perception of hearing in both genders; stroke in men; and being aged 70 to 79 in women. Better cognitive performance was a protective factor in both genders and better balance was a protective factor in women. CONCLUSIONS The higher incidence density of disability in older women remained even after controlling for adverse social and clinical conditions. In addition to age, poorer cognitive performance and conditions that adversely affect communication disable both genders. Acute events, such as a stroke, disables elderly men more, whereas early deficits regarding balance disable women more. PMID:25119933

Alexandre, Tiago da Silva; Corona, Ligiana Pires; Nunes, Daniella Pires; Santos, Jair Lício Ferreira; Duarte, Yeda Aparecida de Oliveira; Lebrăo, Maria Lúcia

2014-01-01

454

Injuries to athletes with disabilities: identifying injury patterns.  

PubMed

Participation in sport activities for people with disabilities continues to gain in popularity. With participation in sports, there is an inherent risk of injury. A review of current sport epidemiological studies was used and we concluded that injury patterns for this population are similar to those for athletes without disabilities. Injury data from Paralympic competitions dating back to 1976 indicate that most elite athletes with disabilities seek medical care for illness and musculo-skeletal injuries. However, there are very limited injury data regarding Winter Paralympic events or skiing injuries. For those athletes who participate in Summer Paralympic events, abrasions, strains, sprains and contusions are more common than fractures and dislocations. However, location of injuries appears to be disability and sport dependent. Lower extremity injuries are more common in ambulatory athletes (visually impaired, amputee, cerebral palsy) and upper extremity injuries are more frequent in athletes who use a wheelchair. While it appears that the majority of the injuries occurring in this population are minor in nature, inconsistencies in the definition of injury in the literature make this conclusion tenuous. When injuries are expressed as time lost in participation, 52% of injuries resulted in 7 days lost or less, 29% in 8 to 21 days lost and 19% in greater than 22 days lost. The only prospective study addressing injury rates of athletes with disabilities in a manner consistent with other sport epidemiological studies found an injury rate of 9.3 injuries per 1000 athlete-exposures (AE). This injury rate is less than American football (10.1 to 15/1000 AE) and soccer (9.8/1000 AE), and greater than basketball (7.0/1000 AE). It is unclear whether comparative statistics such as these take into consideration the number of illness and injury episodes that resulted from the disability. Further complicating epidemiological studies for athletes with disabilities is the definition of the population and samples of convenience which are frequently used. These samples are often not representative of the multiplicity of disability conditions, levels of competition and range of sport activities available. Prospective studies comparing athletes to sedentary control individuals to measure differences in injury rates, type and frequency between and within disability groups, sports and levels of competition are desperately needed to further the knowledge of injury trends and develop and establish accurate injury prevention programmes. PMID:10966152

Ferrara, M S; Peterson, C L

2000-08-01

455

Issues in the definition and diagnosis of learning disabilities: a perspective on Guckenberger v. Boston University.  

PubMed

This article reviews issues related to the definition of learning disabilities in the context of the Guckenberger v. Boston University case. Four major questions are addressed: (a) Who is learning disabled? (b) How should learning disabilities be assessed? (c) Who is qualified to make a decision about whether or not an individual has a learning disability? and (d) What accommodations should be provided by a postsecondary institution and how should they be selected? Although these are complicated and difficult questions, it is possible to develop a simple, reasonable classification system for learning disabilities, and to conduct assessments based on a coherent and relevant set of achievement tests in which individuals who score below a cutoff are considered learning disabled. Scores on IQ tests are irrelevant and not useful and may even be discriminatory. The issues of decision making regarding learning disabilities and appropriate accommodations remain significant dilemmas for the field; resolution of these issues seems virtually impossible without agreement on appropriate procedures for the definition, identification, and assessment of learning disabilities. PMID:15508472

Siegel, L S

1999-01-01

456

Barriers and Facilitators to Community Mobility for Assistive Technology Users  

PubMed Central

Mobility is frequently described in terms of individual body function and structures however contemporary views of disability also recognise the role of environment in creating disability. Aim. To identify consumer perspectives regarding barriers and facilitators to optimal mobility for a heterogeneous population of impaired Victorians who use assistive technology in their daily lives. Method. An accessible survey investigated the impact of supports or facilitators upon actual and desired life outcomes and health-related quality of life, from 100?AT users in Victoria, Australia. This paper reports upon data pertaining to community mobility. Results. A range of barriers and enablers to community mobility were identified including access to AT devices, environmental interventions, public transport, and inclusive community environs. Substantial levels of unmet need result in limited personal mobility and community participation. Outcomes fall short of many principles enshrined in current policy and human rights frameworks. Conclusion. AT devices as well as accessible and inclusive home and community environs are essential to maximizing mobility for many. Given the impact of the environment upon the capacity of individuals to realise community mobility, this raises the question as to whether rehabilitation practitioners, as well as prescribing AT devices, should work to build accessible communities via systemic advocacy. PMID:23029617

Layton, Natasha

2012-01-01

457

Self-Protected Mobile Agents  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present a new solution for the implementation of flexible protection mechanisms in the context of mobile agent systems, where security problems are currently a major issue. In our scheme, agents protect their code and data by carrying their own protection mechanisms. This approach improves traditional solutions, where protection was managed by the platform. The implementation is

Joan Ametller; Sergi Robles; Jose A. Ortega-Ruiz

2004-01-01

458

Ambient Groups and Mobility Types  

Microsoft Academic Search

. We add name groups and group creation to the typed ambientcalculus. Group creation is surprisingly interesting: it has the effectof statically preventing certain communications, and can thus block theaccidental or malicious escape of capabilities that is a major concern inpractical systems. Moreover, ambient groups allow us to refine our earlierwork on type systems for ambient mobility. We present type

Luca Cardelli; Giorgio Ghelli; Andrew D. Gordon

2000-01-01

459

Mobility 2035  

E-print Network

addresses the mobility needs of the Study Area to the year 2035 in the following chapters: 1) Demographic Development 2) Scenario Analysis 3) Public Involvement 4) Bicycle System 5) Pedestrian System 6) Public Transportation 7) Roadway Needs 8...) Freight 9) Environmental 10) Congestion Management process 11) Financial Information 12) Funded and Unfunded Roadway, Bicycle and Pedestrian Project Lists Distribution Statement: This report is available through the San Antonio-Bexar County...

San Antonio-Bexar County Metropolitan Planning Organization

2009-12-07

460

The unique contribution of fatigue to disability in community dwelling adults with traumatic brain injury  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine the unique contribution of fatigue to self-reported disability in community dwelling adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Design A cross-sectional cohort design. Setting Community dwellings in the greater Pittsburgh region. Participants Fifty adults with a history of mild to severe TBI were assessed. Main Outcome Measure This study assessed the contribution of fatigue (Modified Fatigue Impact Scale) to disability (Mayo Portland Adaptability Inventory IV), controlling for executive functions (Frontal Systems Behavior Scale), depression status (major depression in partial remission/current major depression/depressive symptoms or no history of depression), and initial injury severity (uncomplicated mild, complicated mild, moderate, or severe). Results Fatigue was found to contribute uniquely to the variance in self-reported disability (?=.47, P< 0.001) after controlling for injury severity, executive functions, and depression status. The overall model was significant (F4,45=17.32, P<.001) and explained 61% of the variance in self-reported disability, with fatigue alone accounting for 12% of the variance in self-reported disability (F1,45=13.97, P<.001). Conclusions Fatigue contributes uniquely to disability status among community-dwelling adults with chronic TBI, independently of injury severity, executive functions, and depression. Addressing fatigue through targeted interventions may help to improve self-perceived disability in this population. PMID:22885286

Juengst, Shannon; Skidmore, Elizabeth; Arenth, Patricia M.; Niyonkuru, Christian; Raina, Ketki D.

2014-01-01

461

Prevalence of schizophrenia disability and associated mortality among Chinese men and women.  

PubMed

Schizophrenia is a major cause of psychiatric disability in China. In the present study, we estimated total and age-specific prevalence of both schizophrenia disability and associated mortality among Chinese women and men. We further examined whether sex differences in prevalence were attributable to mortality differences between men and women. Data from the Second China National Sample Survey on Disability (2006) and the 2007-2010 follow-up studies were utilized. Possibly psychiatrically disabled individuals were administered the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule, Version II and the ICD-10 Symptom Checklist for Mental Disorders by trained clinical psychiatrists. In total, 0.37% of men and 0.44% of women were living with schizophrenia disability in China. We did not find statistically significant differences in the 4-year cumulative mortality between men and women. Overall standardized mortality ratios for the age groups of 18-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, and 70+ years were 120.89, 29.56, 15.06, 9.16, 10.57, and 4.95, respectively. In conclusion, mortality differences between men and women were unlikely to be a major contributor to sex differences in prevalence. Premature death among younger individuals experiencing schizophrenia disability warrants urgent attention. PMID:25113924

Liu, Tianli; Song, Xinming; Chen, Gong; Paradis, Angela D; Zheng, Xiaoying

2014-12-15

462

Mobile Agent Middleware for Mobile Computing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile computing requires an advanced infrastructure that integrates suitable support protocols, mechanisms, and tools. This mobility middleware should dynamically reallocate and trace mobile users and terminals and permit communication and coordination of mobile entities. In addition, open and untrusted environments must overcome system heterogeneity and grant the appropriate security level. Solutions to these issues require compliance with standards to interoperate

Paolo Bellavista; Antonio Corradi; Cesare Stefanelli

2001-01-01

463

Mobile Computing/Mobile Computing/Mobile Computing/Mobile Computing/ Mobile NetworksMobile NetworksMobile NetworksMobile Networks  

E-print Network

Mobile IP Agent Discovery Registration Tunneling Route Optimization Current Topics #12;3 Simplified for location, the other for routing #12;9 Node Moves... agent mobile host (he travels here) agent sender mobile point-of-attachment while maintaining communication Home Agent: Router with an interface on the Mobile

Yu, Chansu

464

Teaching Chemistry to Students with Disabilities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Prepared by scientists who themselves have excelled in chemistry despite physical disabilities and experts on disability issues, this book is noted for its sensitivity to the underlying desires of almost every student with a physical disability. It provides information about a variety of successful classroom and laboratory accommodations for students with disabilities. In many instances, the accommodations are simple, inexpensive, and require little significant change in instructional approach or additional effort from the instructor. The intended audience of this resource includes teachers at the high school, college, and postgraduate levels; students with disabilities; parents; counselors; and professional staff in college Disability Services for Students (DSS) Offices.

Miner, Dorothy L.

465

Proceedings of the Mobile Satellite Conference  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A satellite-based mobile communications system provides voice and data communications to mobile users over a vast geographic area. The technical and service characteristics of mobile satellite systems (MSSs) are presented and form an in-depth view of the current MSS status at the system and subsystem levels. Major emphasis is placed on developments, current and future, in the following critical MSS technology areas: vehicle antennas, networking, modulation and coding, speech compression, channel characterization, space segment technology and MSS experiments. Also, the mobile satellite communications needs of government agencies are addressed, as is the MSS potential to fulfill them.

Rafferty, William

1988-01-01

466

Connecting the Demographic Dots: Geographic Mobility and Birth Intentions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Having a child is a major determinant of geographic mobility. Little is known, however, about the opposite process--whether geographic mobility is a determinant of fertility. Drawing on social and human capital theories and research on fertility and migration to develop competing hypotheses, the author examines the effects of mobility on changes…

Myers, Scott M.

2010-01-01

467

Privacy-Conscious Location-Based Queries in Mobile Environments  

E-print Network

computing. I. INTRODUCTION Location-based services (LBS) are emerging as a major application of mobile geospatial technologies [7], [21], [23], [35]. In LBS, users with location-aware mobile devices are able1 Privacy-Conscious Location-Based Queries in Mobile Environments Jianliang Xu, Senior Member, IEEE

Xu, Jianliang

468

Privacy-Conscious Location-Based Queries in Mobile Environments  

E-print Network

computing. Ç 1 INTRODUCTION LOCATION-BASED services (LBS) are emerging as a major application of mobile geospatial technologies [1], [10], [16], [21]. In LBS, users with location-aware mobile devices are ablePrivacy-Conscious Location-Based Queries in Mobile Environments Jianliang Xu, Senior Member, IEEE

Xu, Jianliang

469

Mobile Usability in Educational Contexts: What Have We Learnt?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The successful development of mobile learning is dependent on human factors in the use of new mobile and wireless technologies. The majority of mobile learning activity continues to take place on devices that were not designed with educational applications in mind, and usability issues are often reported. The paper reflects on progress in…

Kukulska-Hulme, Agnes

2007-01-01

470

AGENT TCL: Targeting the Needs of Mobile Computers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile computers have become increasingly popular as users discover the benefits of having their electronic work available at all times. Using Internet resources from a mobile platform, however, is a major challenge. Mobile computers do not have a permanent network connection and are often disconnected for long periods. When the computer is connected, the connection is often prone to sudden

David Kotz; Robert S. Gray; Saurab Nog; Daniela Rus; Sumit Chawla; George Cybenko

1997-01-01

471

Lecture Series in Mobile Telecommunications and Networks Wireless Communications  

E-print Network

Lecture Series in Mobile Telecommunications and Networks Wireless Communications: Ideas that Change at the heart of this development, in particular in the field of mobile communications and networking in 1985. In academia, he has pioneered many of the major advances used in mobile communications today

Toh, C-K.

472

Modeling users' mobility among WiFi access points  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modeling movements of users is important for simulating wireless networks, but current models often do not reflect real movements. Using real mobility traces, we can build a mobility model that reflects reality. In building a mobility model, it is important to note that while the number of handheld wireless devices is constantly increasing, laptops are still the majority in most

Minkyong Kim; David Kotz

2005-01-01

473

Experiences of gout-related disability from the patients' perspective: a mixed methods study.  

PubMed

Disability is a common problem in patients with gout. Recently, the Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQ-DI) was recommended for assessing patient reported activity limitations in gout. However, few studies have explored experiences and issues of disability from the perspective of gout patients themselves. The objectives of this study were to explore disability issues in patients with gout and to examine the content validity of the HAQ-DI in this patient group. Two studies were performed: a semi-structured interview study with seven male gout patients and a cross-sectional survey study among 34 other patients with gout. In both studies, specific examples of activity limitations were elicited using open-ended methods. The survey study additionally aimed to quantify the relevance of the activities listed in the HAQ-DI. Most patients experienced several gout attacks in the previous year. Limitations were reported to occur during a flare, but patients were generally not limited between attacks. During an attack, patients mainly experienced limitations related to mobility, especially walking and climbing stairs. Patients also mentioned limitations in activities related to domestic life, such as gardening and doing housework. Limitations related to self-care or activities requiring the use of the upper extremities were rarely mentioned. Corresponding HAQ-DI items were skewed towards very low disability scores over the past week. Assessments of gout-related disability should particularly focus on mobility and lower extremity functioning and should consider the intermittent nature of the disease. The HAQ-DI may not adequately meet these requirements, suggesting the need to explore other measures of gout-related disability PMID:24077900

ten Klooster, Peter M; Vonkeman, Harald E; Voshaar, Martijn A H Oude; Bode, Christina; van de Laar, Mart A F J

2014-08-01

474

Bone quality in older adults with intellectual disabilities.  

PubMed

Although osteoporosis is a progressive bone disease leading to increased risk of fracture, it has rarely been investigated on a large scale in older people with intellectual disabilities (ID). In this study, 768 persons with ID (aged ? 50 years) were measured with quantitative ultrasound to determine the prevalence of low bone quality. The association of low bone quality with patient characteristics, mobility, physical activity, body mass index (BMI), prior fractures, anticonvulsant drug use, intake of calcium, and vitamin D3 levels was also investigated. The prevalence of low bone quality was 43.9%. Low bone quality was positively associated with female gender, age, more severe level of ID, mobility impairment, and anticonvulsant drug use, and negatively with BMI. In clinical practice, people with ID who are at risk for low bone quality should periodically be screened for osteoporosis and be given advice about nutritional supplements and appropriate lifestyle. PMID:24858785

Bastiaanse, Luc P; Mergler, Sandra; Evenhuis, Heleen M; Echteld, Michael A

2014-09-01

475

Burden of Restraint, Disablement and Ethnic Identity: A Case Study of Total Joint Replacement for Osteoarthritis  

PubMed Central

Health disparities in total joint replacement have been documented based on gender and ethnicity in multiple countries. Absent are studies exploring the meaning of the procedures among diverse women, which is necessary to fully understand the impact of the disparity. Drawing on ethnographic data from a life course exploration of disablement among Mexican American women with mobility impairments, one woman’s reasons for forgoing a joint replacement are considered. It is suggested that inequalities in disablement cannot be understood without considering the mulitple cultural conflicts and loyalties that push and pull women in multiple directions. PMID:21767094

Harrison, Tracie

2010-01-01

476

20 CFR 416.911 - Definition of disabling impairment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME FOR THE AGED, BLIND, AND DISABLED Determining Disability and Blindness Definition of Disability § 416.911 Definition of disabling impairment. (a) If you are an adult:...

2010-04-01

477

24 CFR 945.205 - Designated housing for disabled families.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false Designated housing for disabled families. 945.205 Section 945.205 ...DISABLED, ELDERLY, OR DISABLED AND ELDERLY FAMILIES Application and Approval Procedures...205 Designated housing for disabled families. (a) General. (1) In...

2014-04-01

478

24 CFR 945.205 - Designated housing for disabled families.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Designated housing for disabled families. 945.205 Section 945.205 ...DISABLED, ELDERLY, OR DISABLED AND ELDERLY FAMILIES Application and Approval Procedures...205 Designated housing for disabled families. (a) General. (1) In...

2012-04-01

479

24 CFR 945.205 - Designated housing for disabled families.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Designated housing for disabled families. 945.205 Section 945.205 ...DISABLED, ELDERLY, OR DISABLED AND ELDERLY FAMILIES Application and Approval Procedures...205 Designated housing for disabled families. (a) General. (1) In...

2011-04-01

480

24 CFR 945.205 - Designated housing for disabled families.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Designated housing for disabled families. 945.205 Section 945.205 ...DISABLED, ELDERLY, OR DISABLED AND ELDERLY FAMILIES Application and Approval Procedures...205 Designated housing for disabled families. (a) General. (1) In...

2013-04-01

481

Classical Mobility of Highly Mobile Crystal Defects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Highly mobile crystal defects such as crowdions and prismatic dislocation loops exhibit an anomalous temperature independent mobility unexplained by phonon scattering analysis. Using a projection operator, without recourse to elasticity, we derive analytic expressions for the mobility of highly mobile defects and dislocations which may be efficiently evaluated in molecular dynamics simulation. The theory explains how a temperature-independent mobility arises because defect motion is not an eigenmode of the Hessian, an implicit assumption in all previous treatments.

Swinburne, T. D.; Dudarev, S. L.; Sutton, A. P.

2014-11-01

482

Measuring equity in disability and healthcare utilization in Afghanistan.  

PubMed

This paper analyses equity in health and healthcare utilization in Afghanistan based on a representative national household survey. Equitable access is a cornerstone of the Afghan health policy. We measured socioeconomic-related equity in access to public health care, using disability--because people with disabilities are poorer and more likely to use health care--and a concentration index (CI) and its decomposition. The socioeconomic-related equity in healthcare utilization was measured using a probit model and compared with an OLS model providing the horizontal inequity index (HI). We found a low rate of healthcare facilities utilization (25%). Disabled persons are using more healthcare facilities and have higher medical expenses. Disability is more frequently associated with older age, unemployed heads of household and lower education. The Cl of disability is 0.0221 indicating a pro-rich distribution of health. This pro-rich effect is higher in small households (CI decreases with size of the household, -0.0048) and safe (0.0059) areas. The CI of healthcare utilization is -0.0159 indicating a slightly pro-poor distribution of healthcare utilization but, overall, there is no difference in healthcare utilization by wealth status. Our study does not show major socioeconomic related inequity in disability and healthcare utilization in Afghanistan. This is due to the extreme and pervasive poverty found in Afghanistan. The absence of inequity in health access is explained by the uniform poverty of the population and the difficulty of accessing BPHS facilities (a basic package of health services), despite alarming health indicators. PMID:23189589

Trani, Jean-Francois; Barbou-des-Courieres, Cecile

2012-01-01

483

Considerations for Functional Assessment of Problem Behavior Among Persons with Developmental Disabilities and Mental Illness  

E-print Network

CHAPTER 5 CONSIDERATIONS FOR FUNCTIONAL ASSESSMENT OF PROBLEM BEHAVIOR AMONG PERSONS WITH DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES AND MENTAL ILLNESS Daniel J. Baker E. Richard Blumberg Rachel Freeman It is now accepted that the range... among individuals with developmental disabilities and mental illness is a major, long-standing concern in the provision of community-based support. Supporting this population in the community presents particular challenges, including the lack...

Baker, Daniel J.; Blumberg, E. Richard; Freeman, Rachel L.

2002-01-01

484

Disability Profile And Health Care Costs Of Medicare Beneficiaries Under Age Sixty-Five  

Microsoft Academic Search

Medicare has more than five million beneficiaries with disabilities who are under age sixty-five, and enrollment is rising rapidly. This paper pre- sents a profile of nonelderly beneficiaries in fee-for-service Medicare by major disability category, excluding those with end-stage renal disease. The profile is based on Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey (MCBS) Cost and Use data for 1994-1996. We estimate Medicare

Sandra M. Foote; Christopher Hogan

2001-01-01

485

Charting the progression of disability in parkinson disease: study protocol for a prospective longitudinal cohort study  

PubMed Central

Background People with Parkinson disease (PD), even in the presence of symptomatic relief from medical, surgical, and rehabilitative interventions, face a persistent worsening of disability. This disability is characterized by diminished quality of life, reduced functional mobility, declining performance in activities of daily living and worsening neurological impairments. While evidence has emerged supporting the clinically meaningful benefits of short-term exercise programs on these underlying factors, assertions regarding the effects of sustained programs of exercise and physical activity on the trajectory of disablement in PD are made in the absence of direct evidence. Indeed, the natural decline in quality of life and functional mobility in people diagnosed with PD is poorly understood. Moreover, outcome measures commonly used in clinical exercise trials typically do not capture the full spectrum of disability as defined by the World Health Organization (WHO). Methods/Design The objective of this multicenter prospective study will be to examine the 2-year trajectory of disablement in a cohort of persons with PD. Two hundred sixty participants will be recruited to produce an expected final sample size of 150 individuals. Participants will be included if they are greater than 40 years of age, have a neurologist confirmed diagnosis of idiopathic PD, and are at Hoehn and Yahr stages 1 through 4. Data will be collected every 6 months during the study period. Primary outcome measures reflecting a broad spectrum of disablement will include, but will not be limited to, MDS-UPDRS, Timed Up and Go, Berg Balance Test, Nine Hole Peg Test, PDQ-39, and directly monitored ambulatory activity. Self-reported exercise and physical activity data also will be recorded. Statistical analyses will be used to characterize the trajectory of disablement and examine the influence of its underlying contributing factors. Discussion Tertiary prevention is an important component of contemporary healthcare for individuals living with degenerative disease. For individuals with PD, there is growing recognition that exercise and/or physical activity efforts to slow the rate of functional mobility decline, in particular, may be critical for optimizing quality of life. By describing the natural trajectory of disablement, exercise habits, and physical activity in a cohort of persons with PD, this investigation will establish an important foundation for future intervention research. Specifically, through the evaluation of the influence of sustained exercise and physical activity on disablement, the study will serve as a preliminary step toward developing a randomized controlled trial of long-term exercise in persons with PD. PMID:21047426

2010-01-01

486

Disability evaluations: more than completing a form.  

PubMed

According to the World Health Organization, more than 1 billion persons worldwide have a disability. In the United States, more than 56 million American workers have some form of disability; of these, more than 38 million persons have a severe disability. Blacks and Hispanics are among the groups with the highest disability rates, as well as older patients. Conditions that most often lead to disability include arthritis, back or spine problems, and heart conditions. Common limitations include the inability to walk three city blocks or to climb a flight of stairs. Patients with a disability experience health disparities and barriers to appropriate health care. Disability impacts family members and caregivers, as well as patients. Impairment, disability, and handicap are key terms that physicians must understand to properly evaluate patients and make appropriate recommendations. Social Security Disability Insurance and workers' compensation are the two largest disability programs in the United States. The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs provides disability benefits for veterans, and private disability insurance may be provided by the employer or purchased by the employee. Family physicians can perform the initial evaluation, consult appropriate subspecialists, complete the necessary paperwork, and answer questions from the patient, employer, or disability agency. PMID:25591211

Maness, David L; Khan, Muneeza

2015-01-15

487

Comparison of legislation concerning people with disability and heritage environment in Malaysia and developed countries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Heritage towns and buildings are invaluable cultural assets of a nation, and are extremely useful in manifesting place identity, and crucial in promoting tourism. These places of cultural significance should be made accessible to everyone including people with mobility or sensory impairments, the elderly, parents with small children and those who are temporarily disabled due to injury or illness. By creating a accessible heritage environment not only can you cater towards the increasing population of disabled people, but you could increase the number of cultural properties as resources of a nation through 'accessible tourism'. However the differences in implementation of barrier-free tourism for historic buildings and places are rather large between developed and developing countries such as Malaysia. This paper serves as preliminary study on accessibility of heritage environment in Malaysia. First, review of some related definitions, perception toward disability, and background studies in disability movement will be discussed to achieve better understanding of the increasing population of disabled people and how it would affect the development of infrastructure in the built environment. Second, it will look into existing legislation concerning heritage conservation and legislation on provision of access for the disabled in Malaysia and other developing countries. Finally, this paper seeks to find gaps between these legislations and conclude with some recommendations.

Marsin, J. M.; Ariffin, S. I.; Shahminan, R. N. R.

2014-02-01

488

Reaching everyone: Promoting the inclusion of youth with disabilities in evaluating foster care outcomes.  

PubMed

Efforts to evaluate foster care outcomes must avoid systematic exclusion of particular groups. Although often unrecognized as such, youth with disabilities are highly overrepresented in the U.S. foster care system, and yet youth with some disabilities, including those with intellectual, serious emotional, and physical impairments may be underrepresented in research and evaluation studies evaluating foster care outcomes. The recruitment and retention of youth with various disabilities in such studies can be impeded by under-identification of disability and relatively high placement and school mobility. Furthermore, youth with various disabilities may experience more disappointing outcomes than foster youth overall, underscoring the importance of including these youth in outcome tracking efforts. This is especially relevant given the recent implementation of the National Youth in Transition Database (NYTD), which requires that state child welfare agencies gather baseline information about youth in foster care at age 17, and then survey outcomes at 19 and 21. To promote the full participation of foster youth with disabilities in such outcome evaluation, this paper describes successful strategies for identifying and retaining participants that were used in three separate longitudinal intervention studies. These strategies include the systematic recruitment of foster youth by special education status, and creative use of validated tracking and retention strategies incorporating minor accommodations as needed. PMID:24273364

Blakeslee, Jennifer E; Quest, A Del; Powers, Jennifer; Powers, Laurie E; Geenen, Sarah; Nelson, May; Dalton, Lawrence D; McHugh, Elizabeth

2013-11-01

489

Eyes on the prize: Life goals in the context of visual disability in midlife  

PubMed Central

Objective To investigate implications of vision loss in midlife, identify life goals that are important to middle-aged adults and assess how vision loss interferes with goal pursuit Design Cross-sectional exploratory study Setting Vision rehabilitation agency Subjects 216 middle-aged adults with visual impairment Methods Telephone interviews composed of structured and open-ended assessments of life goals (i.e., priorities, plans, or hopes people have in their lives) and goal interference due to vision loss Results Across the three assessed domains, functional goals were reported most often (N=214), followed by social goals (N=72) and psychological goals (N=28). Among functional goals, career, daily tasks, and mobility goals were identified by the highest percentage of participants. Family goals were identified most frequently for social goals, and life quality was identified most often for psychological goals. Vision-related goals occurred throughout the three domains, representing the majority of functional goals, a third of social goals, and almost half of psychological goals. Participants reported highest interference in functional and social goals and least in psychological goals. While participants reported moderate interference for most goals, markedly high interference was reported for daily tasks, mobility, independence, and leisure goals. Goal identification was related to timing of onset of vision loss primarily for functional goals. Conclusions Findings illuminate multifaceted goals held by middle-aged adults with vision impairment and how visual disability can interfere with goal pursuits. These findings suggest that identifying clients’ life goals and the vision-related interference they experience in goal pursuits may be a helpful step in vision rehabilitation services. PMID:20554639

Popivker, Luba; Wang, Shu-wen; Boerner, Kathrin

2011-01-01

490

20 CFR 404.132 - How we determine fully insured status for a period of disability or disability insurance benefits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false How we determine fully insured status for a period of disability or disability...DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Insured Status and Quarters of Coverage Disability Insured Status § 404.132 How we determine fully...

2010-04-01

491

Epidemiology of fractures in people with severe and profound developmental disabilities  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Fractures are more prevalent among people with severe and profound developmental disabilities than in the general population. In order to characterize the tendency of these people to fracture, and to identify features that may guide the development of preventive strategies, we analyzed fracture epidemiology in people with severe and profound developmental disabilities who lived in a stable environment. Data from a 23-year longitudinal cohort registry of 1434 people with severe and profound developmental disabilities were analyzed to determine the effects of age, gender, mobility, bone fractured, month of fracture, and fracture history upon fracture rates. Eighty-five percent of all fractures involved the extremities. The overall fracture rate increased as mobility increased. In contrast, femoral shaft fracture risk was substantially higher in the least mobile [relative risk (RR), 10.36; 95% confidence interval (CI), 3.29-32.66] compared with the most mobile group. Although the overall fracture rate was not associated with age, the femoral shaft fractures decreased but hand/foot fractures increased with age. Overall fracture risk declined in August and September (RR, 0.70; 95% CI, 0.55-0.89), being especially prominent for tibial/fibular fractures (RR, 0.31; 95% CI, 0.13-0.70). Gender was not a factor in fracture risk. Two primary fracture mechanisms are apparent: one, largely associated with lack of weight-bearing in people with the least mobility, is exemplified by femoral fractures during non-traumatic events as simple as diapering or transfers; the other, probably due to movement- or fall-related trauma, is exemplified by hand/foot fractures in people who ambulate. The fracture experience of people with severe and profound developmental disabilities is unique and, because it differs qualitatively from postmenopausal osteoporosis, may require population-specific methods for assessing risk, for improving bone integrity, and for reduction of falls and accidents. ?? International Osteoporosis Foundation and National Osteoporosis Foundation 2004.

Glick, N.R.; Fischer, M.H.; Heisey, D.M.; Leverson, G.E.; Mann, D.C.

2005-01-01

492

Mobile telephones, distracted attention, and pedestrian safety.  

PubMed

Driver distraction is a major cause of traffic accidents, with mobile telephones as a key source of distraction. In two studies, we examined distraction of pedestrians associated with mobile phone use. The first had 60 participants walk along a prescribed route, with half of them conversing on a mobile phone, and the other half holding the phone awaiting a potential call, which never came. Comparison of the performance of the groups in recalling objects planted along the route revealed that pedestrians conversing recalled fewer objects than did those not conversing. The second study had three observers record pedestrian behavior of mobile phone users, i-pod users, and pedestrians with neither one at three crosswalks. Mobile phone users crossed unsafely into oncoming traffic significantly more than did either of the other groups. For pedestrians as with drivers, cognitive distraction from mobile phone use reduces situation awareness, increases unsafe behavior, putting pedestrians at greater risk for accidents, and crime victimization. PMID:18215534

Nasar, Jack; Hecht, Peter; Wener, Richard

2008-01-01

493

Locus of Control Orientations in Students with Intellectual Disability, Learning Disabilities, and No Disabilities: A Latent Growth Curve Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research has suggested differences in the locus of control (LOC) orientations of students with intellectual disability, learning disabilities, and no disabilities, although this research has been characterized by methodological limitations. The purpose of this study was to examine the development of LOC orientations in students with…

Shogren, Karrie A.; Bovaird, James A.; Palmer, Susan B.; Wehmeyer, Michael L.

2010-01-01

494

Aggression in Persons With Intellectual Disabilities and Mental Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aggression and related disruptive acts represent the most frequently occurring behavioral challenges of persons with intellectual\\u000a disabilities (ID) (Eyman & Call, 1977; Jacobson, 1982; Schroeder, Rojahn, & Olenquist, 1991). Even though aggression occurs\\u000a in a social context and is maintained to a major extent by social contingencies, medical, genetic, psychiatric, neuropsychiatric,\\u000a and psychological conditions also are reported to represent significant

William I. Gardner

495

Raising the Bar: Significant Advances and Future Needs for Promoting Learning for Students with Severe Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay describes major advances in educating students with severe disabilities. The authors propose that applied behavior analysis, the focus on functional life skills, and the promotion of academic content have been the major advances in the "how" and "what" of learning for this population. An increased focus on literacy,…

Spooner, Fred; Browder, Diane M.

2015-01-01

496

American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... Blog Upcoming Education Mar 30 Understanding Dual Diagnosis: Intellectual Disability and Mental Health read more Mar 31 What ... read more Apr 29 Guardianship for Individuals with Intellectual Disability: Trends and Issues read more May 11 Abuse ...

497

Administration on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... of University Centers for Excellence in Developmental Disabilities Education, Research & Service The 68 UCEDDs across the United ... of University Centers for Excellence in Developmental Disabilities Education, Research & Service Projects of National Significance The President’s ...

498

Emergency Evacuation of People with Disabilities Introduction  

E-print Network

Emergency Evacuation of People with Disabilities Introduction This policy was developed to provide guidance on developing individual emergency evacuation plans. There are many types of disabilities, some emergency evacuation plan. We believe individual emergency planning will identify the resources

499

Rehabilitation Research on Disability: New Horizons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an overview of research on disability and integrates rehabilitation research with the mainstream of scientific activity. Examples of disability research are given covering spinal cord injury, facial disfigurement, cancer of the larynx, and cystic fibrosis. (Author/TA)

Goldberg, Richard T.

1977-01-01

500

METROPOLITAN ATLANTA DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES PROGRAM (MADDSP)  

EPA Science Inventory

To address the problem of developmental disabilities among children, CDC, the former Division of Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, which was funded by the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR), and the Georgia Department of Human Resources, initiate...