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1

Muscle Strength and BMI as Predictors of Major Mobility Disability in the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders Pilot (LIFE-P)  

PubMed Central

Background. Muscle weakness and obesity are two significant threats to mobility facing the increasing number of older adults. To date, there are no studies that have examined the association of strength and body mass index (BMI) on event rates on a widely used performance measure of major mobility disability. Methods. This study was a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial in which sedentary functionally limited participants (70–89 years, Short Physical Performance Battery ? 9) who were able to complete a 400-m walk test at baseline were randomized to a physical activity or health education intervention and reassessed for major mobility disability every 6 months for up to 18 months. We evaluated whether baseline grip strength and BMI predicted failure to complete the 400-m walk test in 15 minutes or less (major mobility disability). Results. Among N = 406 participants with baseline measures, lower grip strength was associated with an increased risk for developing major mobility disability, with and without covariate adjustment (p < .01): The hazard ratio (95% confidence interval) for the lowest versus high sex-specific quartile of grip strength was 6.11 (2.24–16.66). We observed a U-shaped relationship between baseline BMI and the risk of developing major mobility disability, such that the risk for participants with a BMI of 25–29 kg/m2 was approximately half that of participants with BMI less than 25 or 30 kg/m2 or more (p = .04 in fully adjusted analyses). Conclusions. Our data highlight the importance of muscle weakness, low BMI, and obesity as risk factors for major mobility disability in older adults. Being overweight may be protective for major mobility disability.

Rejeski, W. Jack; Espeland, Mark A.; Miller, Michael E.; Church, Timothy S.; Fielding, Roger A.; Gill, Thomas M.; Guralnik, Jack M.; Newman, Anne B.; Pahor, Marco

2011-01-01

2

Muscle strength and BMI as predictors of major mobility disability in the lifestyle interventions and independence for elders pilot (LIFE-P)  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Muscle weakness and obesity are two significant threats to mobility facing the increasing number of older adults. To date, there are no studies that have examined the association of strength and body mass index (BMI) on event rates on a widely used performance measure of major mobility disability. T...

3

Disability, resources, role demands and mobility handicap.  

PubMed

Research on disablement highlights a wide variability in the impact of disabling conditions on individuals' lives. However, in most of this work, the relationships between impairment/disability and features of individuals' social and physical environments are not specified conceptually. Recent conceptual work in the context of the International Classification of Impairments, Disabilities, and Handicaps (ICIDH) suggests that the impact of impairment/disability on individuals' lives is contingent on levels of resources and other aspects of social context. The research question addressed in this paper is whether selected social factors affect the impact of impairment/disability on mobility handicap, defined as 'the individual's ability to move about effectively in his/her surroundings'. Two types of social factors are considered: resources such as help from others or having a car available; and social role obligations such as having a job or visiting relatives. Data are derived from a 1986 probability sample of 570 individuals with disabilities living in communities in Calderdale, Yorkshire, England. Multiple-regression models indicate that the impact of walking disability on mobility handicap was reduced by availability of a car in the household and school or job obligations. Other impairments/disabilities, resources and social role demands examined did not act on mobility outcomes in this manner. Implications for conceptualizing and testing relationships between impairment, disability, handicap and social and physical environments are discussed. A critical task for future research is the investigation of personal and social resources and barriers that may moderate the impact of disability on individuals' lives. PMID:7787199

McDonough, P A; Badley, E M; Tennant, A

4

Persistent Mobility Disability After Neurotoxic Chemotherapy  

PubMed Central

Background and Purpose The impact of cancer and its treatments on balance and functional mobility in older adults remains unknown but is increasingly important, given the evolution of cancer treatments. Subacute and more persistent side effects such as chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy are on the rise, and the effects on mobility and balance, as well as the prognosis for resolution of any functional deficits, must be established before interventions can be trialed. The purpose of this case report is to describe the severity and long-term persistence of mobility decline in an older adult who received neurotoxic chemotherapy. To our knowledge, this is the first case report to describe an older adult with chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy using results of standardized balance and mobility tests and to focus on prognosis by repeating these measures more than 2 years after chemotherapy. Case Description An 81-year-old woman received a neurotoxic agent (paclitaxel) after curative mastectomy for breast cancer. Baseline testing prior to taxane therapy revealed a socially active woman with no reported functional deficits or neuropathic symptoms, 1.2-m/s gait speed, and performance at the ceiling on balance and gait portions of a standardized mobility measure. Outcomes After 3 cycles, paclitaxel therapy was stopped by the oncologist because of neurotoxicity. Declines as large as 50% were seen in performance-based measures at 12 weeks and persisted at 2.5 years, and the patient reported recurrent falls, cane use, and mobility-related disability. Discussion This case highlights the extent to which function can decline in an older individual receiving neurotoxic chemotherapy, the potential for these deficits to persist years after treatment is stopped, and the need for physical therapy intervention and further research in this population.

Fitzgerald, G. Kelley; Studenski, Stephanie A.

2010-01-01

5

Semiautonomous outdoor mobility support system for elderly and disabled people  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have been developing the Robotic Communication Terminals (RCTs), which are integrated into a mobility support system to assist elderly or disabled people who suffer from impaired mobility. The RCT system consists of three types of terminals and one server: an environment-embedded terminal, a user-carried mobile terminal, a user-carrying mobile terminal, and a barrier-free map server. The RCT is an

Kentaro KAYAMA; Ikuko Eguchi YAIRI; Seiji IGI

2003-01-01

6

Understanding mobile phone requirements for young adults with cognitive disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile phones have transformed the way we communicate with friends and family, coordinate our daily activities, and organize our lives. For families with children with cognitive disabilities there is widespread hope, though not always fulfilled, that personal technologies - particularly mobile phones - can bring a dramatic increase in their children's level of safety, independence, and social connectedness. In this

Melissa Dawe

2007-01-01

7

"Mini" Stroke Can Cause Major Disability, May Warrant Clot Busters  

MedlinePLUS

"Mini" stroke can cause major disability, may warrant clot-busters September 13, 2012 Study Highlights: Patients with transient ischemic attack, TIA or "mini" stroke, are not typically given clot-busting drugs because ...

8

Smoking and alcohol consumption patterns among elderly Canadians with mobility disabilities.  

PubMed

BACKGROUND: Mobility disability is a major adverse health outcome associated with aging and an impediment to older adults' well-being and behaviors in social and leisure activities. It has been shown that lifestyle factors, including smoking and alcohol consumption, have been used as coping strategies to deal with the negative impact of disability. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of smoking and alcohol consumption among older Canadians with different levels of mobility disabilities and to examine factors associated with these two lifestyle patterns among those with disabilities. METHODS: Secondary data analysis was performed using individuals (n = 6,038) aged 65 years and older from both the 2001 Participation and Activity Limitation Survey and the 2003 Canadian Community Health Survey. Multivariate logistic regressions examined the relationship between disability severity and smoking as well as alcohol consumption while controlling for potential confounding socioeconomic factors. RESULTS: The proportion of current smokers among seniors with less-severe and more-severe mobility disabilities and those in the general population was comparable with 12.55%, 11.57% and 11.93%, respectively. Forty-eight percent of seniors in the general population consumed alcohol regularly, compared to only 12.85% with more-severe mobility disabilities. No significant association was shown between the severity level of mobility disabilities and smoking (odds ratio = 0.90, 95% confidence interval: 0.75, 1.08). However, seniors having more-severe disability were less likely to consume alcohol regularly (odds ratio = 0.76, 95% confidence interval: 0.65, 0.89). Other variables including age, gender, income, living status, and social participation also impacted these lifestyle patterns among the study population. CONCLUSIONS: Smoking and alcohol patterns present different associations with the severity level of mobility disabilities. Compared with the general population, elderly Canadians with mobility disabilities had similar smoking prevalence but differ significantly in terms of alcohol consumption. Results from this research will be relevant to decision makers involved in program planning, health education, and policy development as it pertains to the prevention and management of age-related disability. PMID:23731926

Liu, Fang; Woodrow, Jennifer; Loucks-Atkinson, Angela; Buehler, Sharon; West, Roy; Wang, Peizhong Peter

2013-06-01

9

Smoking and alcohol consumption patterns among elderly Canadians with mobility disabilities  

PubMed Central

Background Mobility disability is a major adverse health outcome associated with aging and an impediment to older adults’ well-being and behaviors in social and leisure activities. It has been shown that lifestyle factors, including smoking and alcohol consumption, have been used as coping strategies to deal with the negative impact of disability. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of smoking and alcohol consumption among older Canadians with different levels of mobility disabilities and to examine factors associated with these two lifestyle patterns among those with disabilities. Methods Secondary data analysis was performed using individuals (n?=?6,038) aged 65 years and older from both the 2001 Participation and Activity Limitation Survey and the 2003 Canadian Community Health Survey. Multivariate logistic regressions examined the relationship between disability severity and smoking as well as alcohol consumption while controlling for potential confounding socioeconomic factors. Results The proportion of current smokers among seniors with less-severe and more-severe mobility disabilities and those in the general population was comparable with 12.55%, 11.57% and 11.93%, respectively. Forty-eight percent of seniors in the general population consumed alcohol regularly, compared to only 12.85% with more-severe mobility disabilities. No significant association was shown between the severity level of mobility disabilities and smoking (odds ratio?=?0.90, 95% confidence interval: 0.75, 1.08). However, seniors having more-severe disability were less likely to consume alcohol regularly (odds ratio?=?0.76, 95% confidence interval: 0.65, 0.89). Other variables including age, gender, income, living status, and social participation also impacted these lifestyle patterns among the study population. Conclusions Smoking and alcohol patterns present different associations with the severity level of mobility disabilities. Compared with the general population, elderly Canadians with mobility disabilities had similar smoking prevalence but differ significantly in terms of alcohol consumption. Results from this research will be relevant to decision makers involved in program planning, health education, and policy development as it pertains to the prevention and management of age-related disability.

2013-01-01

10

Work disability following major organisational change: the Whitehall II study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundPrivatisation and private sector practices have been increasingly applied to the public sector in many industrialised countries. Over the same period, long-term work disability has risen substantially. We examined whether a major organisational change—the transfer of public sector work to executive agencies run on private sector lines—was associated with an increased risk of work disability.MethodsThe study uses self-reported data from

M. Virtanen; M. Kivimaki; A. Singh-Manoux; D. Gimeno; M. J. Shipley; J. Vahtera; T. N. Akbaraly; M. G. Marmot; J. E. Ferrie

2010-01-01

11

Disability and cross-border mobility: comparing resettlement experiences of Cambodian and Somali refugees with disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores disabled people’s access to cross-border mobility within the context of refugee resettlement. The research presented in this paper stems from an ethnographic study involving in-depth interviews, focus groups and participant observations with 15 disabled Somali and Cambodian refugees resettled in the United States. The study combined ethnographic data with information obtained from key experts and interpretive analysis

Mansha Mirza

2011-01-01

12

Work disability following major organisational change: the Whitehall II study  

PubMed Central

Background Privatisation and private sector practices have been increasingly applied to the public sector in many industrialised countries. Over the same period, long-term work disability has risen substantially. We examined whether a major organizational change - the transfer of public sector work to executive agencies run on private sector lines - was associated with an increased risk of work disability. Methods The study uses self-reported data from the prospective Whitehall II cohort study. Associations between transfer to an executive agency assessed at baseline (1991–1994) and work disability ascertained over a period of approximately 8 years at three follow-up surveys (1995–1996, 1997–1999, 2001) were examined using Cox proportional hazard models. Results In age- and sex-adjusted models, risk of work disability was higher among the 1263 employees who were transferred to an executive agency (hazard ratio 1.90, 95% confidence interval 1.46–2.48) compared with the 3419 employees whose job was not transferred. These findings were robust to additional adjustment for physical and mental health, and health behaviours at baseline. Conclusions Increased work disability was observed among employees exposed to the transfer of public sector work to executive agencies run on private sector lines. This may highlight an unintentional cost for employees, employers and society.

Virtanen, Marianna; Kivimaki, Mika; Singh-Manoux, Archana; Gimeno, David; Shipley, Martin J.; Vahtera, Jussi; Akbaraly, Tasnime N.; Marmot, Michael G.; Ferrie, Jane E.

2010-01-01

13

Mobility Stress Test Approach to Predicting Frailty, Disability, and Mortality In High Functioning Older Adults  

PubMed Central

Background A major challenge to developing primary preventive interventions for frailty and disability in older adults is lack of validated simple clinical tools to identify high-risk individuals without overt signs of poor health. Objectives To examine the validity of the Walking While Talking test (WWT), a mobility stress test, to predict frailty, disability and death in high functioning older adults. Design prospective cohort study. Setting Community sample. Participants 631 community-residing adults age 70 and older participating in the Einstein Aging Study (mean follow-up 32 months). High functioning status at baseline was defined as absence of disability, dementia, and normal walking speeds. Main outcome measures Hazard ratios for frailty, disability, and all-cause mortality. Frailty was defined as presence of three out of the following five attributes: weight loss, weakness, exhaustion, low physical activity and slow gait. We also compared predictive validity of WWT with Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) for study outcomes. Results 218 subjects developed frailty, 88 disability, and 49 died. Each 10 cm/s decrease in WWT speed was associated with increased risk of frailty (Hazard ratio 1.12, 95% CI 1.06 to 1.18), disability (Hazard ratio 1.13, 95% CI 1.03 ?1.23), and mortality (Hazard ratio 1.13, 95% CI 1.01 – 1.27). Most associations remained robust even after accounting for potential confounders and gait speed. Comparisons of HR and model fit suggest that WWT may better predict frailty whereas SPPB may better predict disability. Conclusion Mobility stress tests such as the WWT are robust predictors of risk of frailty, disability, and mortality in high functioning older adults.

Verghese, Joe; Holtzer, Roee; Lipton, Richard B.; Wang, Cuiling

2012-01-01

14

Perceived neighborhood safety and incident mobility disability among elders: the hazards of poverty  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: We investigated whether lack of perceived neighborhood safety due to crime, or living in high crime neighborhoods was associated with incident mobility disability in elderly populations. We hypothesized that low-income elders and elders at retirement age (65 – 74) would be at greatest risk of mobility disability onset in the face of perceived or measured crime-related safety hazards. METHODS:

Cheryl R Clark; Ichiro Kawachi; Louise Ryan; Karen Ertel; Martha E Fay; Lisa F Berkman

2009-01-01

15

Factors Related to Hysterectomy in Women with Physical and Mobility Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper aims to identify self-report data for hysterectomy prevalence and to explore its correlated factors among women with physical and mobility disabilities in Taiwan. This paper was part of a larger study, "Survey on Preventive Health Utilizations of People with Physical and Mobility Disability in Taiwan," which is a cross-sectional survey…

Lin, Lan-Ping; Hsieh, Molly; Chen, Si-Fan; Wu, Chia-Ling; Hsu, Shang-Wei; Lin, Jin-Ding

2012-01-01

16

Factors Related to Hysterectomy in Women with Physical and Mobility Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper aims to identify self-report data for hysterectomy prevalence and to explore its correlated factors among women with physical and mobility disabilities in Taiwan. This paper was part of a larger study, "Survey on Preventive Health Utilizations of People with Physical and Mobility Disability in Taiwan," which is a cross-sectional survey…

Lin, Lan-Ping; Hsieh, Molly; Chen, Si-Fan; Wu, Chia-Ling; Hsu, Shang-Wei; Lin, Jin-Ding

2012-01-01

17

The Experiences of Students with Mobility Disabilities in Cypriot Higher Education Institutions: Listening to Their Voices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the experiences of students with mobility disabilities in Cypriot higher education institutions. In order to obtain relevant information, in-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 Cypriot students with different forms of mobility disabilities, who attended different Cypriot higher education institutions and a…

Hadjikakou, Kika; Polycarpou, Vaso; Hadjilia, Anna

2010-01-01

18

Comparison of mobile phone user interface design preferences: perspectives from nationality and disability culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research study explores cross-cultural differences and similarities of user preferences of mobile phone features. Product interactive focus groups were conducted in India and in the United States; groups included users without any apparent disabilities and users with a visual disability of legal blindness. The analysis of the focus group sessions and post-task usability questionnaires provided an insight to the

Ira Jhangiani; Tonya L. Smith-jackson

2007-01-01

19

The Prevalence and Severity of Physical Mobility Limitations in Older Adults with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: The population of older adults with intellectual disabilities is growing, creating new challenges for individuals, families and service providers. Although there has been increased research into the ageing process for adults with intellectual disabilities, there is little focused research investigating physical mobility. Materials and…

Cleaver, Shaun; Ouellette-Kuntz, Helene; Hunter, Duncan

2009-01-01

20

Physical Activity Among Persons Aging with Mobility Disabilities: Shaping a Research Agenda  

PubMed Central

With the aging of the baby boomer population and their accompanying burden of disease, future disability rates are expected to increase. This paper summarizes the state of the evidence regarding physical activity and aging for individuals with mobility disability and proposes a healthy aging research agenda for this population. Using a previously published framework, we present evidence in order to compile research recommendations in four areas focusing on older adults with mobility disability: (1) prevalence of physical activity, (2) health benefits of physical activity, (3) correlates of physical activity participation, and, (4) promising physical activity intervention strategies. Overall, findings show a dearth of research examining physical activity health benefits, correlates (demographic, psychological, social, and built environment), and interventions among persons aging with mobility disability. Further research is warranted.

Rosenberg, Dori E.; Bombardier, Charles H.; Hoffman, Jeanne M.; Belza, Basia

2011-01-01

21

Robotic Communication Terminals as a Mobility Support System for Elderly and Disabled People(2)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have been developing Robotic Communication Terminals (RCT) as a mobility support system for the elderly and disabled people, which assists for their impaired elements of mobility— recognition, actuation, and information access. The RCT consist of three types of terminals: “environment-embedded terminal”“user-carried mobile terminal”, and “user-carrying mobile terminal”. These terminals communicate with one another to provide the users with a comfortable means of mobility. In this paper, we introduce the overview of our research. The recent progress is also presented as well as the future plan.

Yairi, Ikuko Eguchi; Igi, Seiji

22

Accessibility of Health Clubs for People with Mobility Disabilities and Visual Impairments  

PubMed Central

Objective. We sought to examine the accessibility of health clubs to persons with mobility disabilities and visual impairments. Methods. We assessed 35 health clubs and fitness facilities as part of a national field trial of a new instrument, Accessibility Instruments Measuring Fitness and Recreation Environments (AIMFREE), designed to assess accessibility of fitness facilities in the following domains: (1) built environment, (2) equipment, (3) swimming pools, (4) information, (5) facility policies, and (6) professional behavior. Results. All facilities had a low to moderate level of accessibility. Some of the deficiencies concerned specific Americans with Disabilities Act guidelines pertaining to the built environment, whereas other deficiency areas were related to aspects of the facilities’ equipment, information, policies, and professional staff. Conclusions. Persons with mobility disabilities and visual impairments have difficulty accessing various areas of fitness facilities and health clubs. AIMFREE is an important tool for increasing awareness of these accessibility barriers for people with disabilities.

Rimmer, James H.; Riley, Barth; Wang, Edward; Rauworth, Amy

2005-01-01

23

Health-risk behaviors and protective factors among adolescents with mobility impairments and learning and emotional disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To identify the risk involvement of three groups of young people with disabilities relative to a comparison group: mobility impairments, learning disabilities, and emotional disabilities. Protective factors are explored to identify which individual, family, and school factors are associated with diminished risk.Methods: Analyses are based on the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health), a nationally representative sample

Robert W Blum; Anne Kelly; Marjorie Ireland

2001-01-01

24

Outdoor Built Environment Barriers and Facilitators to Activity among Midlife and Older Adults with Mobility Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: To gain better understanding of how the built environment impacts neighborhood-based physical activity among midlife and older adults with mobility disabilities. Design and methods: We conducted in-depth interviews with 35 adults over age 50, which used an assistive device and lived in King County, Washington, U.S. In addition,…

Rosenberg, Dori E.; Huang, Deborah L.; Simonovich, Shannon D.; Belza, Basia

2013-01-01

25

Outdoor Built Environment Barriers and Facilitators to Activity among Midlife and Older Adults with Mobility Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To gain better understanding of how the built environment impacts neighborhood-based physical activity among midlife and older adults with mobility disabilities. Design and methods: We conducted in-depth interviews with 35 adults over age 50, which used an assistive device and lived in King County, Washington, U.S. In addition,…

Rosenberg, Dori E.; Huang, Deborah L.; Simonovich, Shannon D.; Belza, Basia

2013-01-01

26

Psoriasis causes as much disability as other major medical diseases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Little is known about how the health-related quality of life (HRQL) associated with psoriasis compares with that of other patient populations. Objective: We describe HRQL associated with psoriasis and compare it with HRQL of patients with other major chronic health conditions. A second aim is to identify which specific aspects of psoriasis contribute most to HRQL. Methods: A total

Stephen R. Rapp; Steven R. Feldman; M. Lyn Exum; Alan B. Fleischer; David M. Reboussin

1999-01-01

27

Food Access Patterns and Barriers among Midlife and Older Adults with Mobility Disabilities  

PubMed Central

We examined where midlife and older adults with a mobility disability accessed food outside the home in King County, Washington, USA, how they travelled to these food destinations, and facilitators and barriers to food access using qualitative interviews. Thirty-five adults aged ?50 years with a mobility disability (defined as use of an assistive device for mobility) were interviewed. Supplemental objective information was obtained from a Global Positioning System device worn by participants for 3 days. Participants primarily accessed food at grocery stores, restaurants, and coffee shops/cafés. The most common transportation modes were walking, obtaining a ride from friends, motorized chair/scooter, and public transit. Location and proximity of food destinations were factors affecting participants' ability to access these destinations. Adequate space, ease of entry, available amenities such as restrooms, and helpful people were facilitators for participants to access food outside the home.

Huang, Deborah L.; Rosenberg, Dori E.; Simonovich, Shannon D.; Belza, Basia

2012-01-01

28

Neuroprostheses for increasing disabled patients' mobility and control.  

PubMed

Neuroprostheses are electronic devices using electrophysiological signals to stimulate muscles, electronic/ mechanical devices such as substitutes for limbs or parts of limbs, or computers. The development of neuroprostheses was possible thanks to advances in understanding of the physiology of the human brain and in the capabilities of hardware and software. Recent progress in the area of neuroprosthetics may offer important breakthroughs in therapy and rehabilitation. New dedicated solutions for disabled people can lead to their increased participation in social, educational and professional areas. It is worth focussing particular attention on new solutions for people with paralysis, people with communication disorders and amputees. This article aims at investigating the extent to which the available opportunities are being exploited, including current and potential future applications of brain-computer interfaces. PMID:23214292

Miko?ajewska, Emilia; Miko?ajewski, Dariusz

29

Psychosocial Disability During the Long-term Course of Unipolar Major Depressive Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The goal of this study was to investigate psychosocial disability in relation to depressive symp- tom severity during the long-term course of unipolar ma- jor depressive disorder (MDD). Methods: Monthly ratings of impairment in major life functions and social relationships were obtained during an average of 10 years' systematic follow-up of 371 pa- tients with unipolar MDD in the

Lewis L. Judd; Hagop S. Akiskal; Pamela J. Zeller; Martin Paulus; Andrew C. Leon; Jack D. Maser; Jean Endicott; William Coryell; Jelena L. Kunovac; Timothy I. Mueller; John P. Rice; Martin B. Keller

2000-01-01

30

A University Handbook on Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Accommodations that can aid in the learning process for disabled students at Clarion University of Pennsylvania are outlined in this handbook funded by the college's Affirmative Action Committee. Objectives of the guide are: to define and describe the major disabilities (hearing impairment, learning disability, mobility impairment, speech…

Johnson, Virginia G., Ed.; Schlessinger, Rashelle, Ed.

31

Making mobility-related disability better: a complex response to a complex problem.  

PubMed

Mobility disability in older adults can arise from single system problems, such as discrete musculoskeletal injury. In frail older adults, however, mobility disability is part of a complex web of problems. The approach to their rehabilitation must take that complexity into account, as is reported by Fairhall et al. First, their overall health state must be assessed, which is achieved by a comprehensive geriatric assessment. The assessment can show how a particular patient came to be disabled, so that an individualized care plan can be worked out. Whether this approach works in general can be evaluated by looking at group differences in mean mobility test scores. Knowing whether it has worked in the individual patient requires an individualized measure. This is because not every patient starts from the same point, and not every patient achieves success by aiming for the same goal. For one patient, walking unassisted for three metres would be a triumph; for another it would be a tragedy. Unless we understand the complexity of the needs of frail older adults, we will neither be able to treat them effectively nor evaluate our efforts sensibly.Please see related article http://www.biomedcentral.com/1741-7015/10/120. PMID:23067377

Rockwood, Kenneth

2012-10-15

32

American Revolution: The First Major Mobilization of a Nation's People.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

It is the American Revolution, not the French Revolution of 1789, which was the first example of a war being fought through a mobilization of a nation's people, and thus fundamentally different from the wars that had been previously fought at the behest o...

K. G. Lee

2008-01-01

33

Exploring Mobility Options for Children with Physical Disabilities: A Focus on Powered Mobility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study by Tefft et al. (2011, in this issue) is one of the few studies that have explored the impact of pediatric powered mobility on families. The parents who participated in their study reported increased satisfaction with their children's social and play skills, ability to move independently, sleeping patterns, and public perception of…

Wiart, Lesley

2011-01-01

34

The effect of cervical traction combined with neural mobilization on pain and disability in cervical radiculopathy. A case report.  

PubMed

Cervical radiculopathy is the result of cervical nerve root pathology that may lead to chronic pain and disability. Although manual therapy interventions including cervical traction and neural mobilization have been advocated to decrease pain and disability caused by cervical radiculopathy, their analgesic effect has been questioned due to the low quality of research evidence. The purpose of this paper is to present the effect of cervical traction combined with neural mobilization on pain and disability in a patient experiencing cervical radiculopathy. A 52-year-old woman presented with a 2 month history of neurological cervico-brachial pain and whose presentation was consistent with cervical radiculopathy. Cervical traction and a slider neural mobilization of the medial nerve were applied simultaneously to reduce the patient's pain and disability measured at baseline and at 2 and 4 weeks using the Numeric Pain Rating Scale, the Neck Disability Index and the Patient-Specific Functional Scale. Improvements in all outcome measures were noted over a period of four weeks. Scores in all outcome measures revealed that the patient's pain had almost disappeared and that she was able to perform her household chores and job tasks without difficulties and limitations. In conclusion, the findings of this study support that the application of cervical traction combined with neural mobilization can produce significant improvements in terms of pain and disability in cervical radiculopathy. PMID:22818658

Savva, Christos; Giakas, Giannis

2012-07-18

35

An Hypothesis Regarding The Commonality of Right-Hemisphere Involvement in Learning Disability, Attentional Disorder, and Childhood Major Depressive Disorder.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Three conditions of behavioral disturbances and impaired school performance (learning disability, attentional disorder, and childhood major depression) are suggested as being associated with dysfunction of the right cerebral hemisphere. (Author/PN)|

Brumback, Roger A.; Staton, R. Dennis

1982-01-01

36

International Capital Mobility amongst the Major Industrialised Countries: Too Little or Too Much?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines capital flows among the major industrialized countries with a view to assessing M. Feldstein and C. Horioka's (1980) claim that international capital mobility is limited. It argues that saving-investment correlation tests are inherently flawed, and proposes an alternative methodology for testing the degree of international capital mobility. It finds that capital flows have been excessive in the

Atish R Ghosh

1995-01-01

37

Reunion Is in Hand: Princeton Enhances a Major Alumni Event with Mobile Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Mobile technology is an effective way of conveying information to alumni, especially during a major event. Alumni appreciate not only access to information in a convenient medium, but also efforts to engage with them through new technology. Like so many of the best ideas at Princeton University, the creation of Reunions Mobile emerged from…

Gossen, Andrew

2009-01-01

38

Health Status and Health Risks of the "Hidden Majority" of Adults with Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little is known about the health status of and health risks faced by adults with intellectual disability who do not use intellectual disability services. Self-report data collected from 1,022 people with mild intellectual disability in England indicated that people who do not use intellectual disability services are more likely to smoke tobacco…

Emerson, Eric

2011-01-01

39

Health Status and Health Risks of the "Hidden Majority" of Adults with Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Little is known about the health status of and health risks faced by adults with intellectual disability who do not use intellectual disability services. Self-report data collected from 1,022 people with mild intellectual disability in England indicated that people who do not use intellectual disability services are more likely to smoke tobacco…

Emerson, Eric

2011-01-01

40

Oxidative Damage, Platelet Activation, and Inflammation to Predict Mobility Disability and Mortality in Older Persons: Results From the Health Aging and Body Composition Study  

PubMed Central

Background. Inflammation, oxidative damage, and platelet activation are hypothesized biological mechanisms driving the disablement process. The aim of the present study is to assess whether biomarkers representing these mechanisms predicted major adverse health-related events in older persons. Methods. Data are from 2,234 community-dwelling nondisabled older persons enrolled in the Health Aging and Body Composition study. Biomarkers of lipid peroxidation (ie, urinary levels of 8-iso-prostaglandin F2?), platelet activation (ie, urinary levels of 11-dehydro-thromboxane B2), and inflammation (serum concentrations of interleukin-6) were considered as independent variables of interest and tested in Cox proportional hazard models as predictors of (severe) mobility disability and overall mortality. Results. The sample’s (women 48.0%, whites 64.3%) mean age was 74.6 (SD 2.9) years. During the follow-up (median 11.4 years), 792 (35.5%), 269 (12.0%), and 942 (42.2%) events of mobility disability, severe mobility disability, and mortality occurred, respectively. Only interleukin-6 showed significant independent associations with the onset of all the study outcomes. Higher levels of urinary 8-iso-prostaglandin F2? and 11-dehydro-thromboxane B2 independently predicted increased risk of death (hazard ratio 1.10, 95% confidence interval 1.03–1.19 and hazard ratio 1.14, 95% confidence interval 1.06–1.23, respectively). No significant interactions of gender, race, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and antiplatelet drugs were detected on the studied relationships. Conclusions. The inflammatory marker interleukin-6 is confirmed to be a robust predictor for the onset of negative health-related events. Participants with higher urinary levels of 8-iso-prostaglandin F2? and 11-dehydro-thromboxane B2 presented a higher mortality risk.

Kritchevsky, Stephen B.; Nicklas, Barbara; Kanaya, Alka M.; Patrignani, Paola; Tacconelli, Stefania; Tranah, Gregory J.; Tognoni, Gianni; Harris, Tamara B.; Incalzi, Raffaele Antonelli; Newman, Anne B.; Pahor, Marco

2012-01-01

41

Mobilitet og Velferd Blant Bevegelseshemmede - Bilens Rolle. (Mobility and Welfare Among People with Physical Disabilities - the Role of the Car.)  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The project reported here has studied the role of the car for mobility and welfare among people with physical disabilities and barriers for car use in this group. A questionnaire study shows that car drivers participate more often in out-of-home activitie...

L. Hansson S. Nordbakke

2009-01-01

42

Effect of a multifactorial interdisciplinary intervention on mobility-related disability in frail older people: randomised controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background Interventions that enhance mobility in frail older people are needed to maintain health and independence, yet definitive evidence of effective interventions is lacking. Our objective was to assess the impact of a multifactorial intervention on mobility-related disability in frail older people. Methods We conducted a randomised, controlled trial with 241 frail community-dwelling older people in Sydney, Australia. Participants were classified as frail using the Cardiovascular Health Study definition, did not have severe cognitive impairment and were recently discharged from an aged care and rehabilitation service. The experimental group received a 12 month multifactorial, interdisciplinary intervention targeting identified frailty components. Two physiotherapists delivered a home exercise program targeting mobility, and coordinated management of psychological and medical conditions with other health professionals. The control group received usual care. Disability in the mobility domain was measured at baseline and at 3 and 12 months using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health framework. Participation (involvement in life situations) was assessed using the Life Space Assessment and the Goal Attainment Scale. Activity (execution of mobility tasks) was measured using the 4-metre walk and self-report measures. Results The mean age of participants was 83.3 years (SD: 5.9 years). Of the participants recruited, 216 (90%) were followed-up at 12 months. At this time point, the intervention group had significantly better scores than the control group on the Goal Attainment Scale (odds ratio 2.1; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.3 to 3.3, P = 0.004) and Life Space Assessment (4.68 points, 95% CI 1.4 to 9.9, P = 0.005). There was no difference between groups on the global measure of participation or satisfaction with ability to get out of the house. At the activity level, the intervention group walked 0.05 m/s faster over 4 m (95% CI 0.0004 to 0.1, P = 0.048) than the control group, and scored higher on the Activity Measure for Post Acute Care (P < 0.001). Conclusions The intervention reduced mobility-related disability in frail older people. The benefit was evident at both the participation and activity levels of mobility-related disability. Trial registration Australia and New Zealand Clinical Trials Register (ANZCTR): ANZCTRN12608000507381.

2012-01-01

43

Majority and Minority Ethnic Family Carers of Adults with Intellectual Disabilities: Perceptions of Challenging Behaviour and Family Impact  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: A health service in an English city was concerned about its support to families with adults with intellectual disabilities and challenging behaviour. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with seven minority ethnic and seven majority ethnic family members to explore perceptions of challenging behaviour, support and the…

Hatton, Chris; Emerson, Eric; Kirby, Suzanne; Kotwal, Homayra; Baines, Susannah; Hutchinson, Christine; Dobson, Catherine; Marks, Bob

2010-01-01

44

Knowledge transfer between minority and majority world settings and its application to the World Report on Disability.  

PubMed

The purpose of this paper is to provide commentary on the article entitled Changing practice: Implications of the World Report on Disability for responding to communication disability in underserved populations (Wylie, McAllister, Davidson, & Marshall, 2013). It discusses the need to develop innovative ways to provide more services to the populations in need. Further, it offers two examples that demonstrate knowledge transfer and exchange between Minority and Majority World settings and one example of using technology for service delivery and training that might shed some light on possible solutions. PMID:23323819

Cheng, Li-Rong Lilly

2013-02-01

45

Use of accelerometry to measure physical activity in older adults at risk for mobility disability  

PubMed Central

We explored using the ActiGraph accelerometer to differentiate activity levels between participants in a physical activity (PA, n=54) or `successful aging' (SA) program (n = 52). The relationship between a PA questionnaire for older adults (CHAMPS) and accelerometry variables was also determined. Individualized accelerometry count thresholds (THRESHIND) measured during a 400-m walk were used to identify “meaningful activity.” Participants then wore the ActiGraph for 7 days. Results indicated more activity bouts·d?1 ? 10 min above THRESHIND in the PA group compared to SA group (1.1 ± 2.0 vs 0.5 ± 0.8, p = 0.05) and more activity counts·d?1 above THRESHIND for the PA group (28,101 ± 27,521) compared to the SA group (17,234 ± 15,620, p = 0.02). Correlations between activity counts·hr?1 and CHAMPS ranged from 0.27 – 0.42, p<0.01. The ActiGraph and THRESHIND may be useful for differentiating PA levels in older adults at risk for mobility disability.

Pruitt, Leslie A.; Glynn, Nancy W.; King, Abby C.; Guralnik, Jack M.; Aiken, Erin K.; Miller, Gary; Haskell, William L.

2010-01-01

46

Intellectual disability and major psychiatric disorders: a continuum of neurodevelopmental causality.  

PubMed

There is accumulating evidence for shared genetic as well as environmental risk between intellectual disability and other conditions with a neurodevelopmental basis such as autism, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, epilepsy and schizophrenia. These can be conceived as lying along a continuum of genetically and environmentally induced neurodevelopmental causality. PMID:22474230

Owen, Michael J

2012-04-01

47

Implementing Applied Behavior Analysis for Effective Orientation and Mobility Instruction of Students with Multiple Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Working with children who have multiple disabilities that include visual impairments can be especially challenging. Many disabling conditions manifest into behavioral difficulties that may take away from learning. Acting out may be a student's way of expressing a lack of healthy coping mechanisms in relation to his or her environment. Implementing…

O'Mea, Melanie L.

2013-01-01

48

PAIN, TRUNK MUSCLE STRENGTH, SPINE MOBILITY AND DISABILITY FOLLOWING LUMBAR DISC SURGERY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To study associations between pain, trunk muscle strength, flexibility and disability in patients with lumbar disc herniation 2 months after surgery. Design: Clinical cross-sectional survey. Participants: 172 operated lumbar disc herniation patients. Methods: Back and leg pain on Visual Analogue Scale, Oswestry Disability Index and Brief Depression Scale were applied to assess the subjectively perceived outcome. Isometric and dynamic

Arja Häkkinen; Jari Ylinen; Hannu Kautiainen; Olavi Airaksinen; Arto Herno; Ulla Tarvainen; Ilkka Kiviranta

2003-01-01

49

Implementing Applied Behavior Analysis for Effective Orientation and Mobility Instruction of Students with Multiple Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Working with children who have multiple disabilities that include visual impairments can be especially challenging. Many disabling conditions manifest into behavioral difficulties that may take away from learning. Acting out may be a student's way of expressing a lack of healthy coping mechanisms in relation to his or her environment.…

O'Mea, Melanie L.

2013-01-01

50

Mobilization and re-distribution of major and trace elements during extreme weathering of basalt in Hainan Island, South China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Major, trace and organic elements of a laterite profile developed on Neogene basalts in northern Hainan Island, South China were reported in this paper, the aim of which was to investigate element mobilization and re-distribution during extreme weathering. The results indicate that most of the elements have been mobilized and transferred downwards along the profile by aqueous solution. Organic matter

Jin-Long Ma; Gang-Jian Wei; Yi-Gang Xu; Wen-Guo Long; Wei-Dong Sun

2007-01-01

51

Nutritional Disabilities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Malnutrition has been identified as a cause for physical and mental disabilities in about 100 million people in the world. Nutritional disabilities are major public health problems in developing countries. This report illustrates some of the consequences ...

M. M. Ram

1981-01-01

52

Follow that Bear! Encouraging Mobility in a Young Child with Visual Impairment and Multiple Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article shows that unexpected gains can happen when teachers develop aggressive, innovative, and adaptive orientation and mobility (O&M) programming for children who are low-functioning. A case study illustrates strategies for using an adaptive mobility device, squaring-up, stepping out, and charting progress. Challenges to a successful O&M…

Tolla, Joan

2000-01-01

53

Mobile Architectures and Prototypes to Assist Persons with Cognitive Disabilities using Public Transportation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public transportation systems are among the most ubiquitous and complex large-scale systems found in modern society. For those unable to drive, such as persons with cognitive disabilities or the elderly, these systems are essential gateways for participation in community activities, socialization, and independence. To understand the problems faced by public transportation users, our research team has (1) focused on systemic

James F. Sullivan; Gerhard Fischer

2003-01-01

54

Major mishaps among mobile offshore drilling units, 1955-1981: time trends and fatalities.  

PubMed

Major mishaps among mobile offshore drilling units worldwide from 1955-1981 were identified from industry and government sources. Based on annual numbers of rigs in service and typical staffing patterns, annual mishap rates and fatality rates for rig types and mishap categories were computed. While the frequency of major mishaps has increased in recent years, the mishap rate per 100 rig-years of service has remained stable. The overall stability obscures the fact that jack-up rigs have had an increasing mishap rate while the rate for other rig types combined has gradually declined. Although the fatal mishap rate has also remained constant, the annual fatality rate per 100 000 full time equivalent (FTE) workers has risen sharply. This can be attributed to increasing numbers of lives lost in environmental mishaps while deaths from operational mishaps have declined. There were 344 fatalities during the 27-year period. Although an average of some 13 deaths per year worldwide appears minimal, the relatively small size of the workforce gives this number significance particularly when it is noted that 'occupational' fatalities, those occurring in the course of routine operations, are not included. The overall fatality rate secondary to major mishaps was 84.3 per 100 000 FTE worker-years. PMID:3988424

Clemmer, D I; Diem, J E

1985-03-01

55

A Transdisciplinary Training Program for Providing Seating Positioning and Mobility Intervention to Children with Developmental Disabilities Who Are 0-3 Years of Age.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Oklahoma Assistive Technology Center was developed as an interagency collaborative effort, with one of its services being the delivery of positioning and mobility services to young children with developmental disabilities. The Center operates as an outpatient clinic and coordinates outreach services through two satellite centers in rural…

Sylvester, Lorrie; Shelden, M'Lisa

56

A Transdisciplinary Training Program for Providing Seating Positioning and Mobility Intervention to Children with Developmental Disabilities Who Are 0-3 Years of Age.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Oklahoma Assistive Technology Center was developed as an interagency collaborative effort, with one of its services being the delivery of positioning and mobility services to young children with developmental disabilities. The Center operates as an outpatient clinic and coordinates outreach services through two satellite centers in rural…

Sylvester, Lorrie; Shelden, M'Lisa

57

European study of research and development in mobility technology for persons with disabilities  

PubMed Central

In the fall of 2010, the National Science Foundation, the National Institutes of Health and the U.S. Veteran's Administration jointly supported a review of mobility technology in Europe. A delegation of American Scientists traveled to Europe to visit a number of research centers and engaged in a demonstration and dialogue related to the global state-of-the-art for mobility impairment rectification and augmentation. From the observations and exchanges between the U.S. delegation and host institutions, the researchers were able to derive a series of papers which are now published in this thematic series of Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation. The papers describe the main themes of the European mobility technology research activities showing a healthy picture of research and innovation in the field.

2012-01-01

58

Major Depression and Disability in Older Primary Care Patients With Heart Failure  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the association between dependence in activities of daily living (ADL) and instrumental ADL (IADL) and major depression among 415 community-dwelling primary care patients age 65+ with heart failure and significant ADL or IADL dependence. Main findings include (1) a progressive increase in depression prevalence from 0% for no IADL dependence to about

Bruce Friedman; Jeffrey M. Lyness; Rachel L. Delavan; Chunyu Li; William H. Barker

2008-01-01

59

Mobile Social Network Services for Families With Children With Developmental Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

As Internet technologies evolve, their applications have changed various aspects of human life. Here, we attempt to examine their potential impact on services for families with de- velopmentally delayed children. Our research is thus designed to utilize wireless mobile communication technologies, location ser- vices, and search technology in an effort to match families of spe- cific needs with potential care

Li-Der Chou; Nien-Hwa Lai; Yen-Wen Chen; Yao-Jen Chang; Jyun-Yan Yang; Lien-Fu Huang; Wen-Ling Chiang; Hung-Yi Chiu; Haw-Yun Shin

2011-01-01

60

Racial variation in the relationship of anemia with mortality and mobility disability among older adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anemia is more common among older blacks than older whites. However, it is unclear whether anemia predicts adverse events similarly in both races. Data on 1018 black and 1583 white adults aged 71 to 82 years were analyzed. Anemia, as defined by World Health Organization (WHO) criteria, was used to predict mortal- ity over 6 years and incidence of mobility

Kushang V. Patel; Tamara B. Harris; Marion Faulhaber; Sara B. Angleman; Stephanie Connelly; Douglas C. Bauer; Lewis H. Kuller; Anne B. Newman; Jack M. Guralnik; J.-Y. Zhang; Z. Zhang; X. Wang; J.-L. Fu; J. Yao; Y. Jiao; L. Chen; H. Zhang; J. Wei; L. Jin; M. Shi; G. F. Gao; H. Wu; F.-S. Wang; W. G. Wierda; S. O'Brien; S. Faderl; A. Ferrajoli; K.-A. Do; J. Cortes; D. Thomas; G. Garcia-Manero; C. Koller; M. Beran; F. Giles; F. Ravandi; S. Lerner; H. Kantarjian; M. Keating; R. Hehlmann; U. Berger; M. Pfirrmann; H. Heimpel; A. Hochhaus; J. Hasford; H.-J. Kolb; T. Lahaye; O. Maywald; A. Reiter; D. K. Hossfeld; C. Huber; H. Loffler; H. Pralle; W. Queisser; A. Tobler; C. Nerl; M. Solenthaler; M. E. Goebeler; M. Griesshammer; T. Fischer; S. Kremers; H. Eimermacher; M. Pfreundschuh; W.-D. Hirschmann; K. Lechner; B. Wassmann; C. Falge; H. H. Kirchner

2007-01-01

61

Easing the Mobility of Disabled People in Supermarkets Using a Distributed Solution  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a People’s impairments cause a wide range of difficulties in everyday tasks. Particularly, handicapped people face many challenges\\u000a both at home, but especially outside it, where their reduced mobility is a burden. Buying in a supermarket can be sometimes\\u000a troublesome for them and so as to facilitate this task, a product locator application is proposed. This application runs on\\u000a heterogeneous personal

Aitor Gómez-Goiri; Eduardo Castillejo; Pablo Orduña; Xabier Laiseca; Diego López-de-Ipiña; Sergio Fínez

62

Complementary and alternative medicine in developmental disabilities.  

PubMed

Developmental disabilities (DD) are defined as a diverse group of severe chronic conditions due to mental and/or physical impairments. Individuals with developmental disabilities have difficulty with major life activities including language, mobility, and learning. Developmental disabilities can begin anytime during development--from prenatal up to 22 years of age, and the disability usually lasts throughout a person's lifetime. Autism spectrum disorders, cerebral palsy, mental retardation, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder are common conditions falling within the definition of developmental disabilities. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is becoming increasingly utilized in the general population for treatment of everything from the common cold to complex and chronic medical conditions. This article reviews the prevalence of different types of CAM used for various developmental disabilities. PMID:16391450

Brown, Kelly A; Patel, Dilip R

2005-11-01

63

Major element, trace element, nutrient, and radionuclide mobility in a mining by-product-amended soil.  

PubMed

This study investigates the use of a mineral processing by-product, neutralized used acid (NUA), primarily composed of gypsum and Fe-oxyhydroxide, as a soil amendment. A 1489-d turf farm field trial assessed nutrient, trace element, and radionuclide mobility of a soil amended with ?5% by mass to a depth of 15 cm of NUA. Average PO-P fluxes collected as subsoil leachates were 0.7 and 26.6 kg ha yr for NUA-amended and control sites, respectively, equating to a 97% reduction in PO-P loss after 434 kg P ha was applied. Total nitrogen fluxes in NUA-amended soil leachates were similarly reduced by 82%. Incorporation of NUA conferred major changes in leachate geochemistry with a diverse suite of trace elements depleted within NUA-amended leachates. Gypsum dissolution from NUA resulted in an increase from under- to oversaturation of the soil leachates for a range of Fe- and Ca-minerals including calcite and ferrihydrite, many of which have a well-documented ability to assimilate PO-P and trace elements. Isotopic analysis indicated little Pb addition from NUA. Both Sr and Nd isotope results revealed that NUA and added fertilizer became an important source of Ca to leachate and turf biomass. The NUA-amended soils retained a range of U-Th series radionuclides, with little evidence of transfer to soil leachate or turf biomass. Calculated radioactivity dose rates indicate only a small increment due to NUA amendment. With increased nutrient, trace element, and solute retention, and increased productivity, a range of potential agronomic benefits may be conferred by NUA amendment of soils, in addition to the potential to limit offsite nutrient loss and eutrophication. PMID:23128739

Douglas, G; Adeney, J; Johnston, K; Wendling, L; Coleman, S

64

Mobilization of major and trace constituents of highway runoff in groundwater potentially caused by deicing chemical migration  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The quality of water in unsaturated zones and groundwater is affected by the major ions in deicing chemicals applied to roads and highways. The assessment of the environmental effects of highway runoff requires investigations to determine whether other major and trace constituents are mobilized during deicing chemical migration through the unsaturated zone and groundwater. In this regard, groundwater samples were analyzed in February and August 1991, and March, August, and November 1993 at a test site along Route 25 in southeastern Massachusetts. Analyses indicated that concentrations of major and trace chemical constituents of highway runoff in groundwater are substantially higher downgradient than upgradient from the highway.

Granato, Gregory, E.; Church, Peter, E.; Stone, Victoria, J.

1995-01-01

65

Education Predicts Incidence of Preclinical Mobility Disability in Initially High-Functioning Older Women. The Women's Health and Aging Study II  

PubMed Central

Background. To examine the impact of educational attainment on the incidence of preclinical mobility disability (PCD). Methods. The Women's Health and Aging II Study is a prospective observational cohort study of 436 initially high-functioning community-dwelling women aged 70–79 years at baseline in Baltimore, Maryland. We measured the association of highest attained education level with preclinical mobility disability (PCD) over an 11-year period. PCD is defined as self-reported modification in any of four tasks without reporting difficulty in those tasks. The tasks were walking ½ mile, climbing up steps, doing heavy housework, and getting in/out of bed or chair. Results. Participants with less than 9 years of education were more likely to acquire incident PCD (hazard ratio: 3.1, 95% confidence interval = 1.2–7.7) than their counterparts with more education after adjusting for income, marital status, number of diseases, and high self-efficacy. Conclusions. Lower education level is an independent predictor of incident preclinical mobility disability. This association has important implications for primary and secondary prevention and can be easily assessed in clinical encounters.

Gregory, Patricia C.; Xue, Qian-Li; Tian, Jing; Thorpe, Roland J.; Fried, Linda P.

2011-01-01

66

Identifying Boarding Homes Housing The Needy Aged, Blind, and Disabled: A Major Step Toward Resolving A National Problem.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Although the plight of many needy aged, blind, and disabled persons living in boarding homes has received national attention, the question remains: How can the location of these homes housing numerous Supplemental Security Income recipients be identified....

1979-01-01

67

Chemical Weathering Rates, Erosion Rates and Mobility of Major and Trace Elements in a Boreal Granitic Till  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chemical weathering rates and erosionrates of granitic till in northern Sweden have beenestimated. The present-day chemical weathering rate iscompared with the long-term average weathering ratesince the last deglaciation approximately 8,700 yearsago. Also, the present-day release rates of major andtrace elements due to chemical weathering are comparedwith the mobility of these elements in a spodosolprofile as shown by soil water samples

Magnus Land; Björn Öhlander

2000-01-01

68

Parameters of the IBR-30 Fast Pulse Reactor after Substitution of Major Mobile Zones.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 1975, a maintenance replacement of the main mobile zones and the mechanical part ensuring the reactivity modulation has been made on the IBR-30 pulsed fast reactor. The results of measurements of the principal parameters of IBR-30 reactor are presented...

A. I. Babaev E. I. Vital'ev V. D. Denisov S. A. Kvasnikov V. P. Plastinin

1976-01-01

69

Mobility and fluxes of major, minor and trace metals during basalt weathering and groundwater transport at Mt. Etna volcano (Sicily)  

SciTech Connect

The concentrations and fluxes of major, minor and trace metals were determined in 53 samples of groundwaters from around Mt. Etna, in order to evaluate the conditions and extent of alkali basalt weathering by waters enriched in magma-derived CO{sub 2} and the contribution of aqueous transport to the overall metal discharge of the volcano. The authors show that gaseous input of magmatic volatile metals into the Etnean aquifer is small or negligible, being limited by cooling of the rising fluids. Basalt leaching by weakly acidic, CO{sub 2}-charged water is the overwhelming source of metals and appears to be more extensive in two sectors of the S-SW (Paterno) and E (Zafferana) volcano flanks, where out flowing groundwaters are the richest in metals and bicarbonate of magmatic origin. Thermodynamic modeling of the results allows evaluation of the relative mobility and chemical speciation of various elements during their partitioning between solid and liquid phases through the weathering process. At Mt. Etna, poorly mobile elements (Al, Th, Fe) are preferentially retained in the solid residue of weathering, while alkalis, alkaline earth and oxo-anion-forming elements (As, Se, Sb, Mo) are more mobile and released to the aqueous system. Transition metals display an intermediate behavior and are strongly dependent on either the redox conditions (Mn, Cr, V) or solid surface-related processes (V, Zn, Cu).

Aiuppa, A.; Allard, P.; D'Alessandro, W.; Michel, A.; Parello, F.; Treuil, M.; Valenza, M.

2000-06-01

70

14 CFR 382.121 - What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring into the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01... Section 382.121 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT...NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF DISABILITY IN AIR TRAVEL Stowage of Wheelchairs, Other...

2013-01-01

71

Mobilization of major inorganic ions during experimental diagenesis of characterized peats  

Microsoft Academic Search

Laboratory experiments were undertaken to study changes in concentrations of major inorganic ions during simulated burial of peats to about 1.5 km. Cladium, Rhizophora, and Cyrilla peats were first analyzed to determine cation distributions among fractions of the initial materials and minerals in residues from wet oxidation. Subsamples of the peats (80 g) were then subjected to increasing temperatures and

A. M Bailey; A. D Cohen; W. H Orem; J. H Blackson

2000-01-01

72

Wheeled mobility: factors influencing mobility and assistive technology in veterans and servicemembers with major traumatic limb loss from Vietnam war and OIF/OEF conflicts.  

PubMed

Returning wounded veterans and servicemembers to their highest level of function following traumatic injury is a priority of the Departments of Defense and Veterans Affairs. We surveyed 245 veterans from the Vietnam war and 226 servicemembers and veterans from Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Enduring Freedom (OIF/OEF) conflicts with at least one major traumatic lower-limb loss to determine their use of mobility assistive technology (AT) and patterns of limb abandonment. Prosthetic device use without wheelchair use is found in 50.5% of Vietnam and 42.8% of OIF/OEF groups. Prostheses and supplementary wheelchairs are used by Vietnam (32%) and OIF/OEF (53%) groups (p < 0.01). Exclusive wheelchair use is more frequent in the Vietnam group (18%) than in the OIF/OEF group (4.0%, p < 0.01). In Vietnam participants, multivariate analysis found that multiple-limb loss (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 14.5; 95% confidence interval [CI] 5.5-38.5), bilateral lower-limb loss (AOR = 12.7; 95% CI 6.2-26.1), and number of comorbidities (AOR = 1.3; 95% CI 1.2-1.5) are associated with increased likelihood of wheelchair use. In OIF/OEF participants, bilateral lower-limb loss (AOR = 29.8; 95% CI 11.0-80.7), multiple-limb loss (AOR = 16.3; 95% CI 3.1-85.3), cumulative trauma disorder (AOR = 2.4; 95% CI 1.2-4.9), and number of combat injuries (AOR = 1.4; 95% CI 1.2-1.7) are associated with wheelchair use. Combined use of different types of mobility ATs promotes improved rehabilitation and ability to function. PMID:20803403

Laferrier, Justin Z; McFarland, Lynne V; Boninger, Michael L; Cooper, Rory A; Reiber, Gayle E

2010-01-01

73

Part of Your General Public Is Disabled. A Handbook for Guides in Museums, Zoos, and Historic Houses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addressed to docents, the manual presents general guidelines for making public tours of museums, historic buildings, and zoos more accessible to handicapped persons. Information on eight major disability groups is provided (mental retardation, learning disabilities, hearing impairments, visual handicaps, mobility impairments, cerebral palsy,…

Majewski, Janice

74

Part of Your General Public Is Disabled. A Handbook for Guides in Museums, Zoos, and Historic Houses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Addressed to docents, the manual presents general guidelines for making public tours of museums, historic buildings, and zoos more accessible to handicapped persons. Information on eight major disability groups is provided (mental retardation, learning disabilities, hearing impairments, visual handicaps, mobility impairments, cerebral palsy,…

Majewski, Janice

75

Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilization for Gene Therapy: Superior Mobilization by the Combination of Granulocyte-Colony Stimulating Factor Plus Plerixafor in Patients with ?-Thalassemia Major.  

PubMed

Abstract Successful stem cell gene therapy requires high numbers of genetically engineered hematopoietic stem cells collected using optimal mobilization strategies. Here we focus on stem cell mobilization strategies for thalassemia and present the results of a plerixafor-based mobilization trial with emphasis on the remobilization with granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF)+plerixafor in those patients who had previously failed mobilization. Plerixafor rapidly mobilized CD34(+) cells without inducing hyperleukocytosis; however, 35% of patients failed to reach the target cell dose of ?6×10(6) CD34(+) cells/kg. Four subjects who failed on either plerixafor or G-CSF were remobilized with G-CSF+plerixafor. The combination proved highly synergistic; the target cell dose was readily reached and the per-apheresis yield was significantly increased over initial mobilization, ultimately resulting in single-apheresis collections, despite a more than 50% reduction of the dose of G-CSF in splenectomized patients to avoid hyperleukocytosis. The total stem and progenitor cells mobilized in G-CSF+plerixafor patients were higher than in patients treated by plerixafor alone. Importantly, the G-CSF+plerixafor-mobilized cells displayed a primitive stem cell phenotype and higher clonogenic capacity over plerixafor-mobilized cells. G-CSF+plerixafor represents the optimal strategy when very high yields of stem cells or a single apheresis is required. The high yields and the favorable transplantation features render the G-CSF+plerixafor-mobilized cells the optimal CD34(+) cell source for stem cell gene therapy applications. PMID:24001178

Yannaki, Evangelia; Karponi, Garyfalia; Zervou, Fani; Constantinou, Varnavas; Bouinta, Asimina; Tachynopoulou, Varvara; Kotta, Konstantina; Jonlin, Erica; Papayannopoulou, Thalia; Anagnostopoulos, Achilles; Stamatoyannopoulos, George

2013-10-01

76

A Mobile Wetness Detection System Enabling Teachers to Toilet Train Children with Intellectual Disabilities in a Public School Setting  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study assessed the possibility of toilet training a 9 year old boy with multiple disabilities using ZigBee based wetness\\u000a sensor technology and a positive reinforcement strategy. This study was carried out according to an ABAB sequence in which\\u000a A represented the baseline and B represented intervention phases. Data showed that the participant significantly increased\\u000a his target response, thus improving daytime

Yao-Jen Chang; Ming-Yang Lee; Li-Der Chou; Shu-Fang Chen; Yi-Chien Chen

77

Neurodevelopmental Disabilities: Introduction and Epidemiology  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Developmental disabilities or neurodevelopmental disabilities (include intellectual disability) are a diverse group of chronic\\u000a disorders that begin at anytime during the development process (including conception, birth, and growth) up to 22 years of\\u000a age and last throughout an individual’s lifetime. Major disabilities include intellectual disability, learning disabilities,\\u000a communication disorders, autism spectrum disorders, cerebral palsy, and neural tube defects. This chapter

Dilip R. Patel; Joav Merrick

78

The emerging pattern of disability in Rwanda.  

PubMed

Abstract Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe the emerging pattern of disability (activity limitation) in terms of its prevalence, age and gender distribution in Rwanda. Method: A door-to-door survey was conducted in all households in villages from two districts selected through a multi-stage sampling procedure. Identified persons were screened for activity limitations using age-appropriate instruments developed from domains in the ICF. Proportions were computed and disaggregated by age group, gender, district and activity limitation. A multi-disciplinary rehabilitation team including community members participated in the development of instruments, community mobilisation, data collection and collation. Results: Prevalence rates of 8.6% (Bugesera) and 14.7% (Musanze) were obtained. The prevalence of disability was higher in adults than in children in both districts (10.4% versus 6.6% in Bugesera and 19.6% versus 7.7% in Musanze). Visual limitations occurred the most frequently in both adults and children in both districts. Mobility and mental health limitations also notably contributed to the overall disability burden. Conclusion: The prevalence of disability obtained was higher than all previously reported data for Rwanda. Despite the limitations, the findings provide useful information for planning rehabilitation services and to direct future enquiry into the epidemiology of disability in Rwanda. Implications for Rehabilitation It is important to design specific surveys to measure disability using contemporary methods to gauge the situation accurately and qualitatively. Currently, the ICF provides the best framework to describe the epidemiology of disability meaningfully; it enables comparisons within and between countries and regions of the world; and enables the active participation of a wide range of rehabilitation stakeholders including PWDs and lay community members. The vast majority of disabilities in Rwanda are limitations in visual, mobility and mental health functions. PMID:23738617

M'kumbuzi, Vyvienne R P; Sagahutu, J-B; Kagwiza, J; Urimubenshi, G; Mostert-Wentzel, K

2013-06-01

79

Disability in late-life major depression: Patterns of self-reported task abilities, task habits, and observed task performance  

PubMed Central

This paper describes patterns of concordance/discordance between self-reported abilities (“can do”) and habits (“does do”) and observed task performance of daily living tasks in 3 groups of older adults: late life depression with mild cognitive impairment (n = 53), late life depression without mild cognitive impairment (n = 64), and non-depressed, cognitively normal controls (n = 31). Self-reported data were gathered by interview in participants' homes, followed by observation of task performance. Significant differences in the patterns of response were found between controls and respondents with both late life depression and mild cognitive impairment for the cognitive instrumental activities, and between the two depressed groups and controls for the physical instrumental activities. For both sets of activities, controls exhibited the greatest overestimation of task performance. No differences were found among the groups for the less complex functional mobility and personal care tasks. However, for the more complex instrumental activities, concordance was close to, or less than, chance. The findings led us to conclude that when performance testing is not feasible, self-reports of functional status that focus on habits may be more accurate than those that focus on abilities.

Rogers, Joan C.; Holm, Margo B.; Raina, Ketki D.; Dew, Mary Amanda; Shih, Min-Mei; Begley, Amy; Houck, Patricia R.; Mazumdar, Sati; Reynolds, Charles F.

2009-01-01

80

Staging of mobility, transfer and walking functions of elderly persons based on the codes of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health  

PubMed Central

Background The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) was introduced by the World Health Organization as a common taxonomy to describe the burden of health conditions. This study focuses on the development of a scale for staging basic mobility and walking functions based on the ICF. Methods Thirty-three ICF codes were selected to test their fit to the Rasch model and their location. Of these ICF items, four were used to develop a Guttman- type scale of “basic mobility” and another four to develop a“walking” scale to stage functional performance in the elderly. The content validity and differential item functioning of the scales were assessed. The participants, chosen at random, were Japanese over 65 years old using the services of public long-term care insurance, and whose functional assessments were used for scale development and scale validation. Results There were 1164 elderly persons who were eligible for scale development. To stage the functional performance of elderly persons, two Guttman-type scales of “basic mobility” and “walking” were constructed. The order of item difficulty was validated using 3260 elderly persons. There is no differential item functioning about study location, sex and age-group in the newly developed scales. These results suggested the newly developed scales have content validity. Conclusions These scales divided functional performance into five stages according to four ICF codes, making the measurements simple and less time-consuming and enable clear descriptions of elderly functioning level. This was achieved by hierarchically rearranging the ICF items and constructing Guttman-type scales according to item difficulty using the Rasch model. In addition, each functional level might require similar resources and therefore enable standardization of care and rehabilitation. Illustrations facilitate the sharing of patient images among health care providers. By using the ICF as a common taxonomy, these scales could be used internationally as assessment scales in geriatric care settings. However these scales require further validity and reliability studies for international application.

2013-01-01

81

Development and performance analysis of an automotive power seat for disabled persons  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the number of disabled people grows, independence and mobility become a priority for those individuals. To achieve this\\u000a goal, a ‘Turny-type power seat’ was developed in this study to assist a disabled person rise from a vehicle without trouble.\\u000a The design and modeling of the power seat were performed using AutoCAD and CATIA software. The major motions of the

Y. Shi; I.-T. Lee; J.-I. Song

2009-01-01

82

Disability Social History Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Disability Social History Project preserves, examines, and shares the history and culture of disabled persons. This community project provides opportunities for people with disabilities to conceptualize a group identity, advocate civil rights, and provide resources that educate the public about disabilities. The four major sections include: a timeline--spanning from 3500 BC to the present--that chronicles events in disability history; a people section offering brief biographies of famous disabled people, including, among others, Harriet Tubman, Franklin Roosevelt, and Frida Kahlo; a News & Events area that posts recent news items, a schedule of arts and cultural events, and a list of conferences and calls for papers; and an annotated webliography directing visitors to related sites. In addition, the proceedings of Changing Borders, a recent meeting of women with disabilities, is also available at the site.

83

Adaptive computing for people with disabilities.  

PubMed

Adaptive computing is a relatively new area, and little has been written in the nursing literature on the topic. "Adaptive computing" refers to the professional services and the technology (both hardware and software) that make computing technology accessible for persons with disabilities. Nurses in many settings such as schools, industry, rehabilitation facilities, and the community, can use knowledge of adaptive computing as they counsel, advise, and advocate for people with disabilities. Nurses with an awareness and knowledge of adaptive computing will be better able to promote high-level wellness for individuals with disabilities, thus maximizing their potential for an active fulfilling life. People with different types of disabilities, including visual, mobility, hearing, learning, communication disorders and acquired brain injuries may benefit from computer adaptations. Disabled people encounter barriers to computing in six major areas: 1) the environment, 2) data entry, 3) information output, 4) technical documentation, 5) support, and 6) training. After a discussion of these barriers, the criteria for selecting appropriate adaptations and selected examples of adaptations are presented. Several cases studies illustrate the evaluation process and the development of adaptive computer solutions. PMID:8082064

Merrow, S L; Corbett, C D

84

49 CFR 39.93 - What wheelchairs and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring onto a...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...permit individuals with mobility disabilities to use wheelchairs and manually powered mobility aids, such as walkers, crutches, canes, braces, or other similar devices designed for use by individuals with mobility disabilities in any areas open to...

2011-10-01

85

Law Enforcement and the Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The training program examines the relationship between law enforcement personnel and persons with disabilities. The curriculum is organized into four sections dealing with specific concerns of people with hearing impairments, visual impairments, mental retardation, and mobility impairments. Background information is presented for each disability

Poelvoorde, Rose; And Others

86

Disability Identity--Disability Pride  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses a way of thinking about disability which has emerged out of the UK Disabled People's Movement over the last three decades in opposition to the preceding medical model of disability which viewed disability as synonymous with problem. Disabled people are increasingly challenging the notion that their embodiment is inherently…

Martin, Nicola

2012-01-01

87

Disability Identity--Disability Pride  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses a way of thinking about disability which has emerged out of the UK Disabled People's Movement over the last three decades in opposition to the preceding medical model of disability which viewed disability as synonymous with problem. Disabled people are increasingly challenging the notion that their embodiment is inherently…

Martin, Nicola

2012-01-01

88

Disability Awareness Training Manual for Park Personnel.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to increase the awareness and understanding of disabilities by Virginia park personnel, this guide provides information about the characteristics and needs of park visitors who have disabilities. Four different categories of disabilities are addressed: (1) mobility impairments; (2) visual impairments; (3) hearing impairments; and (4)…

Myers, Laurie C.

89

Disabilities and handicaps in Aquitaine.  

PubMed

An extension of the national survey on health and medical consumption in Aquitaine used a questionnaire on presence of disability and handicap. Communication, personal cares, mobility and occupations were restricted in respectively 1.5, 3.3, 3.2, and 10.6%. People aged 60 and over were mainly concerned. Personal and domestic care disabilities were noted for 1 out of 8, communication disabilities were present among 1 out of 20. One out of 7 was restricted for mobility and physical independence; 1 out of 4 was restricted for customary occupations and 1 out of 10 for social relationships. Those physically dependent living alone were 5%. PMID:3161842

Henrard, J C; Ankri, J; Cassou, B; Morell, B; Lelaidier, S

1985-01-01

90

Mechanical energy analysis identifies compensatory strategies in disabled elders’ gait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current concepts in disablement emphasize the importance of identifying mobility impairments in aging humans to enable timely intervention and, ultimately, prevent disability. Because mobility impairments are likely to result in compensatory movement strategies, recognizing and understanding those strategies may be critical in designing effective interventions for preventing disability. We sought to determine if mechanical energy methods are useful for identifying

Chris A. McGibbon; David E. Krebs; Michael S. Puniello

2001-01-01

91

Mobility of major-, minor- and trace elements in solutions of a planosolic soil: Distribution and controlling factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Subsurface waters circulating in an unpolluted soil of a planosolic horizon (Massif Central, France) were studied in order to determine their physico-chemical characteristics. Three water sampling sites were chosen along a toposequence. For each site, two piezometers were placed above and in the gravelly and concretion-rich horizon (Fe- and Mn- oxyhydroxides). Concentrations of major-, minor- (cations, anions, Fe, Mn, P

A. Pelfrêne; N. Gassama; D. Grimaud

2009-01-01

92

Improving Mobility and Reducing Disability in Older People Through Early High-Dose Vitamin D Replacement Following Hip Fracture: A Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial and Economic Evaluation  

PubMed Central

Hypovitaminosis D is particularly common among older people with a proximal femoral (hip) fracture and has been linked with poorer lower extremity functioning, falls, and fractures. There is evidence that disability severity and fall rates may be reduced by adequate vitamin D replacement. However, the ideal regimen for vitamin D administration to have these benefits in older people who have been in the hospital has not been established. This randomized controlled trial will investigate the effects of an oral vitamin D loading dose with maintenance oral vitamin D and calcium on lower extremity function (gait velocity), correction of hypovitaminosis D, falls, and fractures among older people after hip fracture surgery. The cost-effectiveness of the REVITAHIP program from the health and community service provider’s perspective will also be established, as will predictors of adherence with the treatment. A total of 450 older people who have recently had a hip fracture requiring surgical intervention will be screened to achieve 250 participants for the study. Participants will have no medical contraindications to vitamin D replacement. The primary outcome measure will be mobility-related disability as measured with the 2.4-m gait velocity test. Secondary measures will be 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) levels at 2, 4, and 26 weeks, number of falls and fractures, and additional measures of mobility, disability, quality of life, health system and community–service contact, adherence to the intervention, and adverse events. After surgical fixation and being deemed medically stable, participants will be randomly allocated to an intervention or placebo-control group. Participants of the intervention group will receive initial oral 250 000 IU (5 × 50 000 IU) vitamin D3 tablets. Both groups will receive oral maintenance vitamin D3 and calcium and will follow the usual hip fracture rehabilitation pathway. The study will determine the impact of a vitamin D loading dose on mobility-related disability in older people following hip fracture and will discuss the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of a loading dose vitamin D replacement more generally. The results will have direct implications for future use of vitamin D therapy for this high-risk group.

Mak, Jenson C. S.; Mason, Rebecca; Klein, Linda; Cameron, Ian D.

2011-01-01

93

Mobile Networking  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a We point out the different performance problems that need to be addressed when considering mobility in IP networks. We also\\u000a define the reference architecture and present a framework to classify the different solutions for mobility management in IP\\u000a networks. The performance of the major candidate micro-mobility solutions is evaluated for both real-time (UDP) and data (TCP)\\u000a traffic through simulation and

Chris Blondia; Nik Van Den Wijngaert; Gert Willems; Olga Casals; Llorenç Cerdà; Marcelo Bagnulo; Ignacio Soto

2003-01-01

94

Weathering of primary minerals and mobility of major elements in soils affected by an accidental spill of pyrite tailing.  

PubMed

In the present work, soil profiles were sampled 40 days and three years after an accidental pyrite tailing spill from the Aznalcóllar mine (S Spain) in order to figure out the effects of the acidic solution draining from the tailing. The composition of the acidic solution, the mineralogy, and the total and soluble content of the major elements were analysed at varying depths. The results show a weathering process of carbonates and of primary silicates. Calcium released is leached or reacts with the sulphate ions to form gypsum. Magnesium, aluminium and potassium tend to leach from the uppermost millimetres of the soil, accumulating where the pH>/=5.0; also the iron, probably forming more or less complex hydroxysulphates, precipitate in the upper 5 cm. The strong releasing of soluble salts increases the electrical conductivity, while the soluble potassium tends to decrease in the uppermost part of the soil due to the neoformation of jarosite. Iron is soluble only where the pH

Martín, Francisco; Diez, María; García, Inés; Simón, Mariano; Dorronsoro, Carlos; Iriarte, Angel; Aguilar, José

2007-02-20

95

Disabilities, Benefits, and Disability Benefits.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study attempted to relate patterns of disabilities to amounts of money received in social security benefits. Findings from structured interviews with parents of 248 disabled young adults (ages 18-22) indicated that the United Kingdom social security system gives more recognition to costs arising from physical than from mental disability.…

Hirst, Michael A.

1986-01-01

96

Mobility impairments and use of screening and preventive services.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: Primary care for people with disabilities often concentrates on underlying debilitating disorders to the exclusion of preventive health concerns. This study examined use of screening and preventive services among adults with mobility problems (difficulty walking, climbing stairs, or standing for extended periods). METHODS: The responses of non-institutionalized adults to the 1994 National Health Interview Survey, including the disability and Healthy People 2000 supplements, were analyzed. Multivariable logistic regressions predicted service use on the basis of mobility level, demographic characteristics, and indicators of health care access. RESULTS: Ten percent of the sample reported some mobility impairment; 3% experienced major problems. People with mobility problems were as likely as others to receive pneumonia and influenza immunizations but were less likely to receive other services. Adjusted odds ratios for women with major mobility difficulties were 0.6 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.4, 0.9) for the Papanicolaou test and 0.7 (95% CI = 0.5, 0.9) for mammography. CONCLUSIONS: More attention should be paid to screening and preventive services for people with mobility difficulties. Shortened appointment times, physically inaccessible care sites, and inadequate equipment could further compromise preventive care for this population.

Iezzoni, L I; McCarthy, E P; Davis, R B; Siebens, H

2000-01-01

97

Human factors and qualitative pedagogical evaluation of a mobile augmented reality system for science education used by learners with physical disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technology-enhanced learning, employing novel forms of content representation and education service delivery by enhancing\\u000a the visual perception of the real environment of the user, is favoured by proponents of educational inclusion for learners\\u000a with physical disabilities. Such an augmented reality computer-mediated learning system has been developed as part of an EU\\u000a funded research project, namely the CONNECT project. The CONNECT

Theodoros N. Arvanitis; Argeroula Petrou; James F. Knight; Stavros Savvas; Sofoklis Sotiriou; Michael Gargalakos; Elpida Gialouri

2009-01-01

98

Computers, Computer Technology, and the Physically Disabled.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

At least 20,000,000 people in the U.S. are afflicted by physical disabilities which interfere with their lives. The number and distribution of disabilities such as visual, hearing and mobility impairments, are considered to motivate an examination of a va...

E. J. Desautels

1973-01-01

99

Staffing Patterns for Counselors of Disabled Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nine California community colleges were surveyed in 1979-1980 to determine the ratios of certified disability counselors to students with hearing, speech, visual, or mobility impairments; students with learning disabilities (average or limited); students with other health problems; and students in convalescent and nursing homes. Survey findings…

San Diego Community Coll. District, CA. Research Office.

100

Adaptive Computing Technology and the Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adaptive technology offers people with disabilities the opportunity not just to use computers, but to use computers to complete tasks that were previously not possible for them. Computers can be used to assist individuals with speech or writing impairments, physical or mobility impairments, visual impairments, and learning disabilities. (Author/JL)

Harrell, William L.

1998-01-01

101

Secondary Disabilities among American Indians in Montana.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of incidence of secondary disabilities, completed by 75 disabled Native American adults on 3 Montana reservations, indicated fair to poor ratings for overall health and independence, high incidence/severity for problems of mobility and access, and problems with behavioral components, such as pain, fatigue, and depression. (SV)

Clay, Julie Anna; And Others

1992-01-01

102

Trace-element mobilization during Ca-metasomatism along a major fluid conduit: Eclogitization of blueschist as a consequence of fluid-rock interaction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the subduction complex of the Tianshan mountains, western China, massive blueschist is cross-cut by an eclogite-facies major fluid conduit surrounded by a reaction zone which is mainly composed of omphacite and garnet. Petrological as well as geochemical evidence suggest that formation of the vein and the eclogitic selvage around the vein was caused by fluid infiltration under peak metamorphic conditions of 21 ± 1.5 kbar and 510 ± 30 °C. The combination of whole-rock with mineral trace-element data as well as mass-balance calculations indicate that substantial differences exist between the unaltered host rock and the part of the system which was altered by fluid-rock interaction. These differences include: (1) depletion of mainly large-ion lithophile elements (LILE) and Li of up to 60% relative to their concentrations in the unaltered host rock; (2) an extreme enrichment of CaO (˜115%), Sr and Pb (>300%) in the altered parts of the vein-wall-rock system; (3) redistribution of heavy rare earth elements (HREE) from partly replaced rutile and recrystallized titanite in the blueschist-eclogite transition zone into newly grown garnet rims in the eclogitic selvage around the vein; (4) transformation of high Nb/Ta rutile into low Nb/Ta titanite which is associated with preferred mobilization of Nb over Ta; and (5) decoupling of Zr and Hf from Nb and Ta; the latter are depleted by ˜30% relative to the unaltered blueschist host rock whereas the former are depleted by only ˜10%. The prerequisite for the transformation of Ca-poor blueschist (6-7 wt.% CaO) into Ca-rich eclogite (up to 13 wt.% CaO) was the infiltration of a Ca-rich fluid. The release of trace elements can be attributed to partitioning of these elements into the passing fluid phase during dissolution-reprecipitation processes in the course of eclogitization. The reactivity of the precursor mineral assemblage and the chemical gradients between the reacting and passing fluid of the conduit are mainly responsible for trace-element mobilization in the studied samples. The suite of trace elements released upon fluid-induced eclogitization of the reactive wall-rock resembles that in island arc magmas showing strong enrichment of LIL elements, strong depletions in HFS elements and intermediate concentrations of REE.

Beinlich, Andreas; Klemd, Reiner; John, Timm; Gao, Jun

2010-03-01

103

Disabilities & Transitions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This newsletter discusses transition and outcome issues for young children with disabilities. Topics discussed include issues related to transition program administration, staff, families, and services. (KB)

Wolery, Mark

1998-01-01

104

Library Services to Disabled Students: Outreach and Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses some approaches to meeting the needs of disabled students in academic libraries in keeping with the Americans with Disabilities Act. Highlights include types of disabilities, including visual, mobility, and hearing impairments; obstacles found in libraries, including poor communication; and possible remedies. (LRW)

Lenn, Katy

1996-01-01

105

Computers, Technology, and People with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brochure presents an overview of adaptive computing technology and how it can help people with disabilities participate more fully in society. It defines key terms (such as "disability" and "access barriers") and briefly summarizes provisions of major laws: the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, the Technology-Related Assistance Act,…

American Council on Education, Washington, DC. HEATH Resource Center.

106

Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Learning disability is a classification that includes several disorders in which a person has difficulty learning in a typical manner. Depending on the type and severity of the disability, interventions may be used to help the individual learn strategies that will foster future success. Some interventions can be quite simplistic, while others are…

Sittiprapaporn, Wichian, Ed.

2012-01-01

107

Academic Library Services for Students with Disabilities: A Survey at the University of South Carolina.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A pilot survey of 16 students at the University of South Carolina from across four disability categories evaluated the range of services and adaptive equipment necessary to meet disabled students' needs in an academic library setting. Disability categories represented were: (1) learning disabilities and attention deficit disorders, (2) mobility

Loope, Charlene H.

108

Course Completion and Attainment in Disabled Students Taking Courses with the Open University UK  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This investigation compared outcomes in disabled and non-disabled students taking courses by distance learning with the Open University UK in 2003. Students with mental health difficulties showed poorer course completion than non-disabled students. Students with restricted mobility and students with other disabilities showed lower pass rates than…

Richardson, John T. E.

2010-01-01

109

Learning Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... t get addressed until the teen years when schoolwork — and life — gets more complicated. Most learning disabilities ... learning, such as books on tape or laptop computers for students who have dyslexia. Medication is often ...

110

Speech centric multimodal interfaces for disabled users  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores how multimodal interfaces make it easier for people with sensory impairments to interact with mobile terminals such as PDAs and 3rd generation mobile phones (3G\\/UMTS). We have developed a flexible speech centric composite multimodal interface to a map-based information service on a mobile terminal. This user interface has proven useful for different types of disabilities, from persons

Knut Kvale; Narada Dilp Warakagoda

2008-01-01

111

[Evolution of disability and dependency. An international perspective].  

PubMed

In societies with a high level of population aging, the ability to live autonomously is a major goal of public health. The present article examines recent population-based studies analyzing a possible reduction in the prevalence of disability and provides evidence on the unmet needs of dependent individuals.In the last few decades, disability and reduced mobility have decreased in elderly persons living in high-income countries, including Spain. This decrease is clear in persons aged less than 85 years old but the trends in persons older than 85 years are difficult to study due to the lack of information. These trends depend on greater education among the population, a reduction in social and gender inequalities and the adoption of healthy lifestyle habits. A reduction in dependency also depends on changes in the physical and social environment to encourage active aging. The health gains in the generation aged between 40 and 65 years do not seem high. The reductions in disability in the next 25 years will not be as great as those observed between 1990 and the present time, except for a possible reduction in disability in women due to a decrease in gender roles. Dependence on help from third persons will tend to decrease, except in dementia. Use of technical aids is increasing and will continue to do so. PMID:22169442

Zunzunegui, María Victoria

2011-12-09

112

Implications of Mobility Impairment on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Breast Cancer  

PubMed Central

Abstract Background Among women with chronic, preexisting mobility impairments, we sought to explore how their mobility difficulties affected the diagnosis and treatment of early-stage breast cancer Methods This is a qualitative analysis of transcripts from in-depth in-person or telephone interviews with 20 English-speaking women who had early-stage breast cancer, were <60 years of age, and had chronic difficulty walking or used wheeled mobility aids at the time of their breast cancer diagnoses Results Nine women were disabled by polio as children or had postpolio syndrome, 3 had cerebral palsy, 3 had spinal cord injury, and 5 had other conditions. Most women reported difficulty obtaining mammograms, primarily because of inaccessible equipment, positioning problems, and difficulties with uncontrollable movements. Many women made decisions about surgical approach and chemotherapy by explicitly considering how various therapies would affect their arms, which are essential to their mobility (they use ambulation aids, self-propel manual wheelchairs, or otherwise rely on their arms for mobility or safety). Managing at home after surgery posed major mobility challenges, especially for women who lived alone. Several women reported feeling they suffered more chemotherapy side effects than do women without mobility problems. Weight gains with endocrine therapy compromised the mobility of several women. Conclusions Increasing numbers of American women are living with mobility disabilities and entering age ranges with increased risks of breast cancer. Mobility impairments can affect women at every point during early-stage breast cancer diagnosis, therapy, and recovery. Clinicians must consider women's mobility functioning in making therapeutic recommendations to women with impaired mobility who develop breast cancer.

Park, Elyse R.; Kilbridge, Kerry L.

2011-01-01

113

Multiple sclerosis: assessment of disability and disability scales  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attempting to measure the impact of multiple sclerosis (MS) on the individuals patients has become a major issue stimulated\\u000a by both the emergence of new therapeutic agents and the increasing demand to incorporate the patient’s perspective. Disability\\u000a has been the main focus. Recently, new disability scales have been developed and generic scales evaluated in an attempt to\\u000a replace or complement

Alan J. Thompson; Jeremy C. Hobart

1998-01-01

114

Disability Insurance  

PubMed Central

A disability insurance policy provides specified income benefits when the insured person becomes unable to work because of illness or accident. With an individual policy, the insured person is generally the policy holder. With a group plan, the employer is the policy holder. An individual policy can provide several optional benefits in addition to disability benefits, which are not available in a group plan. In assessing risk, the insurer uses the application, the agent's report, a physical examination, the attending physician's report, and sometimes a consumer investigation company's inspection report. Records from the Medical Information Bureau, an association of American and Canadian life insurance companies, may also be used. The process of claims adjudication is described, as are differences between short-term and long-term disability claims. Many group policies have a rehabilitation provision; payments may continue while the claimant undergoes rehabilitation or retraining. Imagesp1928-a

Williamson, Elliot A.

1985-01-01

115

What individuals with rheumatic diseases know about the Americans with Disabilities Act: A survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Individuals with rheumatic diseases often have disabilities which limit one or more major life activity. Common disabilities among individuals with rheumatic illnesses such as chronic pain, hand deformities, and fatigue may be hidden. With a hidden disability, an individual may be unaware that he or she could qualify as disabled under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). The ADA provides

Pamela Ann Kasyan

1998-01-01

116

Falls, aging, and disability.  

PubMed

Falls are a major public health problem, contributing to significant morbidity and mortality among older adults in the United States. This article summarizes and compares (1) fall prevalence rates, (2) fall risk factors, (3) consequences of falls, and (4) current knowledge about fall prevention interventions between community-dwelling older adults and people aging with physical disability. In this latter group, the article focuses on individuals with multiple sclerosis, late-effects of polio, muscular dystrophies, and spinal cord injuries. PMID:20494282

Finlayson, Marcia L; Peterson, Elizabeth W

2010-05-01

117

Development of disability in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: beyond lung function  

PubMed Central

Background COPD is a major cause of disability, but little is known about how disability develops in this condition. Methods We analyzed data from the FLOW (Function, Living, Outcomes, and Work) Study which enrolled 1,202 Kaiser Permanente Northern California members with COPD at baseline and re-evaluated 1,051 subjects at 2 year follow-up. We tested the specific hypothesis that the development of specific non-respiratory impairments (abnormal body composition and muscle strength) and functional limitations (decreased lower extremity function, poor balance, mobility-related dyspnea, reduced exercise performance, and decreased cognitive function) will determine the risk of disability in COPD, after controlling for respiratory impairment (FEV1 and oxygen saturation). The Valued Life Activities Scale was used to assess disability in terms of a broad range of daily activities. The primary disability outcome measure was defined as an increase in the proportion of activities that cannot be performed of 3.3% or greater from baseline to 2-year follow-up (the estimated minimal important difference). Multivariable logistic regression was used for analysis. Results Respiratory impairment measures were related to an increased prospective risk of disability (multivariate OR 1.75; 95% CI 1.26 to 2.44 for 1 litre decrement of FEV1 and OR 1.57 per 5% decrement in oxygen saturation; 95% CI 1.13 to 2.18). Non-respiratory impairment (body composition and lower extremity muscle strength) and functional limitations (lower extremity function, exercise performance, and mobility-related dyspnea) were all associated with an increased longitudinal risk of disability after controlling for respiratory impairment (p<0.05 in all cases). Non-respiratory impairment and functional limitations were predictive of prospective disability, above-and-beyond sociodemographic characteristics, smoking status, and respiratory impairment (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve increased from 0.65 to 0.75; p<0.001). Conclusions Development of non-respiratory impairment and functional limitations, which reflect the systemic nature of COPD, appear to be critical determinants of disablement. Prevention and treatment of disability require a comprehensive approach to the COPD patient.

Eisner, Mark D.; Iribarren, Carlos; Blanc, Paul D.; Yelin, Edward H.; Ackerson, Lynn; Byl, Nancy; Omachi, Theodore A.; Sidney, Stephen; Katz, Patricia P.

2011-01-01

118

Impaired joint mobility in Guillain-Barr? syndrome: a primary or a secondary phenomenon?  

PubMed Central

Three patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome had significant residual impairment of joint mobility. Pain in the limbs and axial skeleton was a prominent early feature, as were autonomic disturbances and bulbar involvement resulting in prolonged mechanical ventilation. All three patients developed marked joint stiffness and contractures despite having physiotherapy from the outset. The skeletal problems and complications became major components of disability despite improving neurological status. Images

Soryal, I; Sinclair, E; Hornby, J; Pentland, B

1992-01-01

119

Libraries and the Mobile Web  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 2011, cell phones and mobile devices are ubiquitous. The vast majority of Americans now own cell phones, and over half of them have mobile access to the Internet through a phone or other mobile device. For libraries to stay relevant, they must be able to offer content and services through the mobile web. In this issue of "Library Technology…

Hanson, Cody

2011-01-01

120

Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Learning disability (LD) refers to a condition in which a child fails to develop adequate academic skills, such as reading,\\u000a writing, or calculation. LDs involve inadequate development of academic skills, rather than representing a loss of previously\\u000a acquired function, although brain lesions may certainly result in cognitive deficits that affect reading, writing, and calculation\\u000a (for a review, see Heilman and

Gayle K. Deutsch; Robert N. Davis

121

Reliability of the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI) is an instrument for evaluating function in children with disabilities aged 6 months to 7.5 years. The PEDI measures both functional performance and capability in three domains: (1) self-care, (2) mobility, and (3) social function. The PEDI has recently been translated into Norwegian. The…

Berg, Marie; Jahnsen, Reidun; Froslie, Kathrine Frey; Hussain, Aktahr

2004-01-01

122

Disability in Patients Following Traumatic Brain Injury--Which Measure?.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study of 54 individuals with head injuries compares a commonly used measure of physical disability, the Barthel Index, with three measures designed to assess intellectual functioning, communication, behavior, and mobility. The results indicate support for using scales other than the Barthel Index when describing disability following…

McPherson, K. M.; Pentland, B.

1997-01-01

123

National Center for Learning Disabilities, Inc. 2005 Annual Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 2005, the National Center for Learning Disabilities (NCLD) helped more children, more parents and more educators than ever before. Through their programs, information services, and policy initiatives, they raised awareness, mobilized advocates, and took action to help ensure that learning disabilities are identified and addressed early and…

National Center for Learning Disabilities, 2006

2006-01-01

124

LOCALIZATION AT HIGH RESOLUTION OF ANTIBODY-INDUCED MOBILIZATION OF VACCINIA VIRUS HEMAGGLUTININ AND THE MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILI TY ANTIGENS ON THE PLASMA MEMBRANE OF INFECTED CELLS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Subsequent to the demonstration that the major histocompatibili ty molecular complex (MHC) 1 is a necessary determinant in immune specific killing by cytotoxic lymphocytes (CTL) in virus-infected target cells (1), elucidation of the phenomenon of MHC restriction has been sought through several different experimental ap- proaches. On the basis of detailed genetic analyses (2-4) involving several different viruses and murine

SAMUEL DALES; MICHAEL B. A. OLDSTONE

125

Learning Disabilities In-Service Training Kit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Included in the training kit for teachers in the area of learning disabilities are materials developed by Project Lighthouse for experimental field usage to test the materials. The problem of educating children with learning disabilities is summarized, as is Piaget's model of logical activity. The major divisions of the text then deal with the…

Simpson, Bickley

126

Update on the Americans with Disabilities Act  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 1990, Congress enacted the Americans with Disabilities Act as a comprehensive mandate to eliminate discrimination against individuals with disabilities. The ADA's primary intent was to extend the protection of Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. The major difference between the two laws is that Section 504 applies to programs that…

Russo, Charles J.; Osborne, Allan G.

2009-01-01

127

Teaching (with) Disability: Pedagogies of Lived Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Serious consideration of disability in the major social theories is a relatively new development. Feminism, critical race, and queer studies have rigorously grappled with issues of embodiment and social justice. These perspectives greatly enhance pedagogy and learning. However, the embodied experience of disability has not been a traditional topic…

Anderson, Robert C.

2006-01-01

128

On a Bioethical Challenge to Disability Rights  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tensions exist between the disability rights movement and the work of many bioethicists. These reveal themselves in a major recent book on bioethics and genetics, From Chance to Choice: Genetics and Justice. This book defends certain genetic policies against criticisms from disability rights advocates, in part by arguing that it is possible to accept both the genetic policies and the

R. Amundson; S. Tresky

2007-01-01

129

Rewards of Fostering Children with Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

A random sample of parents fostering children with disabilities in a major Canadian city was asked “what are the rewards you receive from fostering a child with a disability?” A total of 57 unique responses were obtained and grouped together by the foster parents. Two statistical analyses were applied to the grouping data: multidimensional scaling and cluster analysis. The results

Jason D. Brown

2008-01-01

130

Decoding the Miss Daisy Syndrome: An Examination of Subjective Responses to Mobility Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

The subjective responses associated with personal life space and mobility status were explored. Thirty individuals participated in focus groups based on self-rated disability status, current places visited, and availability. Qualitative analyses revealed that most participants equated personal mobility with driving a vehicle. Attitudes concerning mobility status and preparedness for change varied based on disability level and personal experience. Fear of

M. Denise King; Thomas M. Meuser; Marla Berg-Weger; John T. Chibnall; Annie C. Harmon; Richard Yakimo

2010-01-01

131

Disability and going green: a comparison of the environmental values and behaviours of persons with and without disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some studies have suggested that socially excluded groups exhibit different environmental values and behaviours from mainstream society. To consider this in the context of disability, a survey was implemented to investigate environmental values and ecological behaviour. A high percentage of participants considered themselves to have a disability, long?standing illness or infirmity. Over half of the sample had restricted physical mobility.

Brent Lovelock

2010-01-01

132

Going mobile  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

By 1990, all metropolitan areas in the U.S. and rural areas close to major cities or towns are expected to have cellular telephone service; 22 Canadian cities also feature cellular service. To supply mobile telecommunication services to sparsely-populated rural areas, a mobile satellite service (MSS) is now being developed. In this paper the projected possibilities of the MSS system are discussed, including a possibility that a piggyback-MSS payload be added to the GSTAR-4 satellite which is scheduled for a launch in 1988 or 1989; one in which some of the hardware from aborted direct-broadcast satellites would be used; and the possibility of building a new MSS satellite with large servicing capacity. Canada is planning to launch its own mobile satellite, MSAT, in the early 1990s. The MSS is expected to be 'generic', serving not only people on land but maritime and aeronautical users as well. It will also offer major benefits to truck and automobile drivers, making it possible for them to conduct business or to call for assistance from locations beyond the range of cellular systems.

Brus, Eric

1987-12-01

133

Learning Disabilities and ADHD  

MedlinePLUS

... Types of illnesses and disabilities Learning disabilities and ADHD Learning disabilities affect how you understand, remember, and ... learning skills, including memory tips from LD Online. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) top ADHD is a medical condition that ...

134

Dogs for the disabled: benefits to recipients and welfare of the dog  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dogs for the Disabled is an organisation recently established in the UK to provide trained assistance dogs to enhance the mobility and independence of people with physical disabilities. Fifty-seven recipients of a Dog for the Disabled (90% of all recipients) took part in a questionnaire survey to assess satisfaction with their dog, commitment to the dog's welfare, and other changes

J McNicholas; G. M Collis

1998-01-01

135

Normalisation, Emancipatory Research and Inclusive Research in Learning Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article I set out to trace the influence of two major sets of ideas: normalisation\\/srv, and the social model of disability on inclusive research in learning disability. The argument is that normalisation set the agenda for learning disability research for two or more decades. Inclusive researchers continue to apply normalisation thinking to work with people with learning difficulties,

Jan Walmsley

2001-01-01

136

Disability travel in the United States: recent research and findings  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to report and compare the salient findings of recent research on travel by Americans with disabilities. Until 2002, when Open Doors Organization (ODO) sponsored its first nationwide study on travel by adults with disabilities (ODO 2002), conducted by Harris Interactive, there had never been a major, statistically reliable survey on the US disability travel

Laurel Van Horn

2007-01-01

137

Health Promotion for People With Disabilities: Implications for Empowering the Person and Promoting Disability-Friendly Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developing innovative strategies that promote health among people with disabilities has emerged as an important public health priority. People with disabilities report fewer healthy days than the general population and lower rates of health-promoting behaviors (eg, physical inactivity and poor nutritional intake). One of the major priorities in health promotion for people with disabilities is to prevent secondary conditions. Secondary

James H. Rimmer; Jennifer L. Rowland

2008-01-01

138

Disability Simulation for Regular Education Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An awareness-raising program to enhance secondary students' appreciation and understanding of common disabilities is described. In addition to guest speakers, selected regular education students simulated vision, speech, cognitive, hearing and mobility impairments. Equipment used, procedures, student responses, and reactions from the student body…

Hallenbeck, Mark J.; McMaster, Darlene

1991-01-01

139

Using Virtual Reality To Teach Disability Awareness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the design and evaluation of a desktop virtual reality program that was developed to teach children about the accessibility and attitudinal barriers encountered by their peers with mobility impairments. Investigated attitudes, grade levels, familiarity with individuals with a disability, and gender. (Author/LRW)

Pivik, Jayne; McComas, Joan; Macfarlane, Ian; Laflamme, Marc

2002-01-01

140

Pediatric Disability and Caregiver Separation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The evidence that the birth of a child with a disability leads to divorce or separation is equivocal, with the majority of recent research suggesting that such a birth and childrearing may be stressful, but not necessarily toxic, to the caregiver relationship. Such research has been limited by small sample sizes and nonrepresentative samples and has not been able to

Judith L. M. McCoyd; Ayse Akincigil; Eun Kwang Paek

2010-01-01

141

Pediatric Disability and Caregiver Separation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The evidence that the birth of a child with a disability leads to divorce or separation is equivocal, with the majority of recent research suggesting that such a birth and childrearing may be stressful, but not necessarily toxic, to the caregiver relationship. Such research has been limited by small sample sizes and nonrepresentative samples and…

McCoyd, Judith L. M.; Akincigil, Ayse; Paek, Eun Kwang

2010-01-01

142

Disability, Discrimination & The Americans With Disabilities Act  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the prevalence of disability in the United States and the discrimination experienced by persons with disabilities. Following this is a brief overview of the purpose and essential provisions of the Americans with Disabilities Act and a discussion of the key definitions in the ADA: \\

Janet O’Keeffe

1993-01-01

143

Disability Information & Awareness: Afghanistan. Version 2.2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report focuses on a project in Afghanistan that coordinates the efforts of several agencies to develop community-directed disability, rehabilitation, and education services. The program stresses community mobilization aided by skills transfer from expatriate specialists, and includes physical therapy, prosthetics, living skills and mobility

Miles, M.

144

Disability Information & Awareness: Afghanistan. Version 2.2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report focuses on a project in Afghanistan that coordinates the efforts of several agencies to develop community-directed disability, rehabilitation, and education services. The program stresses community mobilization aided by skills transfer from expatriate specialists, and includes physical therapy, prosthetics, living skills and mobility

Miles, M.

145

Gifted learning disabled students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Up to 30 per cent of gifted students display a learning disability, with 10 per cent reading at two or more years below their grade level. They are referred to as being ?gifted learning disabled’ or as having the dual exceptionalities of giftedness and learning disabilities. For these students, their learning disability is more likely to be recognised and targeted

John Munro

2002-01-01

146

DISABILITY ASSOCIATED WITH ALCOHOL ABUSE AND DEPENDENCE  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND Alcohol use disorders (AUD), i.e., alcohol dependence and abuse are major contributors to burden of disease. A large part of this burden is due to disability. However, there is still controversy about the best disability weighting for alcohol use disorders. The objective of this study was to provide an overview of alcohol-related disabilities. METHODS Systematic literature review and expert interviews. RESULTS There is heterogeneity in experts’ descriptions of disabilities related to AUD. The major core attributes of disability related to AUD are changes of emotional state, social relationships, memory and thinking. The most important supplementary attributes are anxiety, impairments of speech and hearing. CONCLUSIONS This review identified the main patterns of disability associated with alcohol use disorders. However, there was considerable variability, and data on less prominent patterns were fragmented. Further and systematic research is required for increasing the knowledge on disability related to alcohol use disorders and for application of interventions for reducing the associated burden. OBJECTIVE To provide an overview of disabilities associated with AUD.

Samokhvalov, Andriy V.; Popova, Svetlana; Room, Robin; Ramonas, Milita; Rehm, Jurgen

2010-01-01

147

Higher Dependability and Security for Mobile Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In this paper, we are concerned with the detection software faults and tampering of the mobile application as well as the\\u000a mobile device theft. We want to disable mobile device cryptographically once either of these problems are detected. Basically\\u000a the device needs to receive a new cryptographic key after each pre-set period of time in order to continue function. The

Hongxia Jin

2006-01-01

148

From Disability Rolls to PayrollsA Proposal for Social Security Program Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substantial growth in the Social Security disability programs, and the failure of work incentive legislation to curtail this growth, have demonstrated the need for structural reform. This proposal, based on a functional model of disability, would create four categories of benefits: a permanent disability pension, a temporary disability benefit providing cash payments to the vast majority of beneficiaries for a

Andrew I. Batavia; Susan B. Parker

1995-01-01

149

A Qualitative Investigation of Somali Immigrant Perceptions of Disability: Implications for Genetic Counseling  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the potential utility of genetic counseling services for Somali immigrants by investigating their perceptions of disability. Five Somali women participated in structured interviews that assessed their perceptions of the nature, causes, and impact of disability, and care for persons with disabilities. Using a Heideggerian Hermeneutics qualitative method of analysis, six major themes emerged: (1) disability refers to

Carrie J. Greeson; Patricia McCarthy Veach; Bonnie S. LeRoy

2001-01-01

150

Challenging the Structural Discrimination of Psychiatric Disabilities: Lessons Learned from the American Disability Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stigma is a major barrier to the life opportunities of people with disabilities, including those with psychiatric disabilities. Structural discrimination is stigma that results from social forces that develop over many years to diminish a group's resources and support needed to be successful. Affirmative action is a legal and political remedy to…

Corrigan, Patrick W.; Lam, Chow

2007-01-01

151

Challenging the Structural Discrimination of Psychiatric Disabilities: Lessons Learned from the American Disability Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Stigma is a major barrier to the life opportunities of people with disabilities, including those with psychiatric disabilities. Structural discrimination is stigma that results from social forces that develop over many years to diminish a group's resources and support needed to be successful. Affirmative action is a legal and political remedy to…

Corrigan, Patrick W.; Lam, Chow

2007-01-01

152

Disability and coal workers' pneumoconiosis.  

PubMed

The Industrial Injuries Advisory Council has reaffirmed the view that simple pneumoconiosis does not produce disability or shorten life. This is often true but, without overlooking the importance of chronic bronchitis, such conclusions are wrong in many instances.Chronic bronchitis is probably commoner in miners without pneumoconiosis than in those with it, and an uneven distribution of bronchitis may mask the effects of pneumoconiosis. Cough and sputum in a miner with pneumoconiosis are not always due to chronic bronchitis. Disability is usually judged on measurement of vital capacity and forced expiratory volume, factors which cannot be expected to be significantly altered by simple pneumoconiosis alone. Other tests may show abnormalities which lead to ventilation and perfusion inequalities and to an increase in the ventilatory cost of exercise. Focal emphysema, often a consequence of simple pneumoconiosis, develops slowly and its influence on disability is delayed.Disagreements arise because epidemiologists expect all lungs with simple pneumoconiosis react in the same way, and they want a quantitative relation between simple pneumoconiosis and emphysema before attributing one to the other.There are major difficulties in assessing disability but there is little justification for the regular application of the rule that if the results of ventilatory tests are normal disability is not present and if they are abnormal this is due to something other than simple pneumoconiosis. PMID:4276109

Davies, D

1974-06-22

153

Disability: a welfarist approach  

PubMed Central

In this paper, we offer a new account of disability. According to our account, some state of a person's biology or psychology is a disability if that state makes it more likely that a person's life will get worse, in terms of his or her own wellbeing, in a given set of social and environmental circumstances. Unlike the medical model of disability, our welfarist approach does not tie disability to deviation from normal species’ functioning, nor does it understand disability in essentialist terms. Like the social model of disability, the welfarist approach sees disability as a harmful state that results from the interaction between a person's biology and psychology and his or her surrounding environment. However, unlike the social model, it denies that the harm associated with disability is entirely due to social prejudice or injustice. In this paper, we outline and clarify the welfarist approach, answer common objections and illustrate its usefulness in addressing a range of difficult ethical questions involving disability.

Savulescu, Julian; Kahane, Guy

2011-01-01

154

What Is Disability and Who Is Affected by Disability?  

MedlinePLUS

... for persons with disabilities often are similar. Disability is neither inability nor sickness Most persons with disabilities ... key challenges for a person with a disability is to be seen by the public, to be ...

155

Contribution of Chronic Disease to the Burden of Disability  

PubMed Central

Background Population ageing is expected to lead to strong increases in the number of persons with one or more disabilities, which may result in substantial declines in the quality of life. To reduce the burden of disability and to prevent concomitant declines in the quality of life, one of the first steps is to establish which diseases contribute most to the burden. Therefore, this paper aims to determine the contribution of specific diseases to the prevalence of disability and to years lived with disability, and to assess whether large contributions are due to a high disease prevalence or a high disabling impact. Methodology/Principal Findings Data from the Dutch POLS-survey (Permanent Onderzoek Leefsituatie, 2001–2007) were analyzed. Using additive regression and accounting for co-morbidity, the disabling impact of selected chronic diseases was calculated, and the prevalence and years lived with ADL and mobility disabilities were partitioned into contributions of specific disease. Musculoskeletal and cardiovascular disease contributed most to the burden of disability, but chronic non-specific lung disease (males) and diabetes (females) also contributed much. Within the musculoskeletal and cardiovascular disease groups, back pain, peripheral vascular disease and stroke contributed particularly by their high disabling impact. Arthritis and heart disease were less disabling but contributed substantially because of their high prevalence. The disabling impact of diseases was particularly high among persons older than 80. Conclusions/Significance To reduce the burden of disability, the extent diseases such as back pain, peripheral vascular disease and stroke lead to disability should be reduced, particularly among the oldest old. But also moderately disabling diseases with a high prevalence, such as arthritis and heart disease, should be targeted.

Klijs, Bart; Nusselder, Wilma J.; Looman, Caspar W.; Mackenbach, Johan P.

2011-01-01

156

Disability as diversity in Fortune 100 companies.  

PubMed

To investigate the inclusion of people with disabilities in the diversity policies of the most successful businesses in the United States, we examined the publicly available workforce and supplier diversity policies of the top 100 companies on Fortune Magazine's 2003 list of the 500 most profitable companies in the nation. The majority of these companies have extensive information about their diversity policies and practices available on their corporate website. The information was used to categorize the policies into those that include people with disabilities, do not define diversity, and enumerate what is meant by diversity (e.g. in terms of race or gender) but do not expressly mention disability. In addition, we looked beyond the diversity policies to information available on corporate websites relating to a variety of diversity initiatives. Findings suggest that the majority of the companies that top the Fortune 500 list have developed and implemented diversity policies. Of these, 42% have diversity policies that include people with disabilities in the definition of a diverse workforce. Furthermore, 47% of companies with workplace diversity policies discuss diversity in a way that neither expressly includes nor excludes people with disabilities. Far fewer (15%) supplier diversity policies include disability in the definition of diversity, but a significant number of companies use criteria that allow a business owner with a disability to benefit from the company's supplier diversity program. PMID:15706604

Ball, Phoebe; Monaco, Gregory; Schmeling, James; Schartz, Helen; Blanck, Peter

2005-01-01

157

Coping and positive perceptions in Irish mothers of children with intellectual disabilities.  

PubMed

Thirty-six mothers of children aged between 5 and 8 years with intellectual disabilities completed five self-report questionnaires measuring variables related to behavioural and emotional difficulties, levels of care demand, family supports, coping and positive perceptions. The relationships among these variables were investigated using a working model proposed by Hastings and Taunt (2002). Child behavioural and emotional problems in the non-clinical range predicted low levels of care demand. Formal social support was an effective form of support for mothers; helpfulness of formal social support predicted mobilizing the family to acquire and accept help in the community; and mobilizing the family predicted levels of strength and family closeness. The majority of respondents rated agreement with statements that their child was: a source of happiness or fulfilment; a source of strength and family closeness; and a source of personal growth and maturity. The theoretical and clinical implications of these results are discussed. PMID:16916848

Greer, Felicity A; Grey, Ian M; McClean, Brian

2006-09-01

158

Seizures and X-linked intellectual disability  

PubMed Central

Intellectual disability occurs as an isolated X-linked trait and as a component of recognizable X-linked syndromes in the company of somatic, metabolic, neuromuscular, or behavioral abnormalities. Seizures accompany intellectual disability in almost half of these X-linked disorders. The spectrum of seizures found in the X-linked intellectual disability syndromes is broad, varying in time of onset, type of seizure, and response to anticonvulsant therapy. The majority of the genes associated with XLID and seizures have now been identified.

Stevenson, Roger E.; Holden, Kenton R.; Rogers, R. Curtis; Schwartz, Charles E.

2012-01-01

159

Disability, Social Security  

MedlinePLUS

... Effects of Poliomyelitis for Physicians and Survivors © Disability, Social Security New SSA Ruling for Polio Survivors with "Post-Polio Sequelae" Two Social Security programs provide benefits based on disability. Both ...

160

Aversive Disablism: Subtle Prejudice toward Disabled People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Blatant forms of prejudice towards disabled people appear to be disappearing in the UK. However, subtle forms of prejudice remain and may be highly damaging to the achievement of the vision of disabled people being "respected and included as equal members of society". In order to assist placing subtle forms of prejudice within a framework, the…

Deal, Mark

2007-01-01

161

Mobile learning in medicine  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper outlines the main infrastructure for implicating mobile learning in medicine and present a sample mobile learning application for medical learning within the framework of mobile learning systems. Mobile technology is developing nowadays. In this case it will be useful to develop different learning environments using these innovations in internet based distance education. M-learning makes the most of being on location, providing immediate access, being connected, and acknowledges learning that occurs beyond formal learning settings, in places such as the workplace, home, and outdoors. Central to m-learning is the principle that it is the learner who is mobile rather than the device used to deliver m learning. The integration of mobile technologies into training has made learning more accessible and portable. Mobile technologies make it possible for a learner to have access to a computer and subsequently learning material and activities; at any time and in any place. Mobile devices can include: mobile phone, personal digital assistants (PDAs), personal digital media players (eg iPods, MP3 players), portable digital media players, portable digital multimedia players. Mobile learning (m-learning) is particularly important in medical education, and the major users of mobile devices are in the field of medicine. The contexts and environment in which learning occurs necessitates m-learning. Medical students are placed in hospital/clinical settings very early in training and require access to course information and to record and reflect on their experiences while on the move. As a result of this paper, this paper strives to compare and contrast mobile learning with normal learning in medicine from various perspectives and give insights and advises into the essential characteristics of both for sustaining medical education.

Serkan Güllüoü?lu, Sabri

2013-03-01

162

Scaling indices of disablement.  

PubMed Central

Williams et al. (1976) have suggested the use of Guttman scaling for scoring an index of disability. Two examples confirm the applicability of this method in the context of survey research. One of these examples is of a disablement scale widely employed in local authority social services research. For the purpose of survey assessment of disabled populations, the precise choice of scaling method for scoring disability is often of little consequence.

Bebbington, A C

1977-01-01

163

Moving beyond Disability.  

PubMed

Moving beyond Disability was the theme of the 12th World Congress of the International Society for Prosthetics and Orthotics. This paper is a reflection of one of the keynote lectures discussing the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Multicultural aspects in disability and sexuality in amputees will be discussed within the ICF perspective. Finally, Internet and research in the light of having a disability are positioned within the theme. PMID:18609035

Geertzen, Jan H B

2008-09-01

164

Stigma as a barrier to employment: mental disability and the Americans with Disabilities Act.  

PubMed

In a controversial expansion of workplace civil rights, the 1990 Americans with Disability Act (ADA) extended anti-discrimination protection to individuals with "mental impairments." One of the most critical barriers to the employment of individuals with mental disabilities is the degree of social stigma such disabilities incur, and there is compelling evidence that employers have stigmatizing attitudes and have discriminated against those with mental disabilities. This study examines the role played by stigma in employers' response to the 1990 Americans with Disability Act (ADA). A stratified sample of one hundred ninety employers were surveyed in 1996-1997 in a major Southern metropolitan area. Telephone interviews were completed with one hundred seventeen employers (response rate of 61.6%). The article describes employers' experiences with employees with mental disabilities and accommodations, specific employment practices, and attitudes towards those with mental disabilities. Stigma played an important role in conformity to the ADA (operationalized as either hiring or having specific recruiting policies for hiring individuals with mental disabilities). Furthermore, employers expressing coercive (fear of a lawsuit) as opposed to normative (belief that it is the right thing to do) rationales for compliance were more likely to hold stigmatized attitudes. Employers' beliefs about mental disability form a crucial foundation for truly supportive work environments (those that value difference and diversity), and further research is needed to determine if over time the ADA is successful in changing attitudes as well as behavior. PMID:16112732

Scheid, Teresa L

2005-08-19

165

Improving Communication for Mobile Devices in Disaster Response  

Microsoft Academic Search

During disaster response, networks can become overloaded and are susceptible to complete failure in the disaster area. This\\u000a disables mobile communication, hindering response efforts from mobile users. Mobile users make use of various heterogeneous\\u000a devices and require infrastructure to facilitate the communication of distributed information. Communication flow among mobile\\u000a users is disorganized as it is either too strong and hierarchical

Patricia Gómez Bello; Ignacio Aedo; Fausto Sainz; Paloma Díaz; Jennifer Munnelly; Siobhán Clarke

2007-01-01

166

Rural Economies and Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Both the rural economy and the disability community in rural areas can benefit from a recognition that they are mutually dependent. With the decline of rural America, the economic base underpinning all aspects of disability support systems is weakening. In addition, rural disability services often are compartmentalized along functional lines with…

O'Donnell, Dennis

167

Rural Economies and Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Both the rural economy and the disability community in rural areas can benefit from a recognition that they are mutually dependent. With the decline of rural America, the economic base underpinning all aspects of disability support systems is weakening. In addition, rural disability services often are compartmentalized along functional lines with…

O'Donnell, Dennis

168

Claiming loss in disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pervasive representations of disability carry associations with the idea of loss. These have been strongly rejected by the social model movement as stereotyping, which may perpetuate views of disabled people as ‘incomplete’, ‘vulnerable’ or needing rehabilitation. Discourses of ‘loss’, ‘acceptance’ and ‘denial’ remain a lens through which disabled persons are misknown. It is posited that ascribed notions of ‘loss’ serve

Brian Watermeyer

2009-01-01

169

Substance Abuse and Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of the literature provides the conclusion that individuals with a disability versus those without a disability are more likely to have a substance abuse problem and less likely to get effective treatment. Data suggest 10-40% of all individuals in treatment for substance abuse have a coexisting physical or mental disability. Alcohol rates…

Sales, Amos

170

Chronic Illness and Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we describe some of the unique personal, medical, social, and religious challenges facing people living with chronic illness and disability. Our specific focus involves the connections between suffering, healing, and disability in two religious traditions: Buddhism and Christianity. Two core questions focus our inquiry. First, why are chronic illness and disability often associated with merited suffering in

Darla Y. Schumm; Michael Stoltzfus

2007-01-01

171

Disability Accommodation Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed as a resource for two-year college faculty and staff working with students with disabilities, this handbook contains facts about various disabilities, practical suggestions for improving services, and resource points for further information. Following a brief introduction, legal implications regarding disabled students are discussed for…

Flick-Hruska, Connie, Comp.; Blythe, Gretchen, Comp.

172

DISABILITY STATISTICS CENTER  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of the Disability Statistics Center is to produce and disseminate statistical information on disability and the status of people with disabilities in American society and to establish and monitor indicators of how conditions are changing over time to meet their health...

173

Effects of Exercise on Mobility in Obese and Nonobese Older Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Coupled with an aging society, the rising obesity prevalence is likely to increase the future burden of physical disability. We set out to determine whether obesity modified the effects of a physical activity (PA) intervention designed to prevent mobility disability in older adults. Older adults at risk for disability (N = 424, age range: 70–88 years) were randomized to a

Todd M. Manini; Anne B. Newman; Roger Fielding; Steven N. Blair; Michael G. Perri; Stephen D. Anton; Bret C. Goodpaster; Jeff A. Katula; Walter J. Rejeski; Stephen B. Kritchevsky; Fang-Chi Hsu; Marco Pahor

2010-01-01

174

76 FR 82286 - Applications for New Awards; Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...high-quality multidisciplinary disability policy research, aimed at improving the data sources, analytic strategies, and evidence base used to inform policy and program development affecting individuals with disabilities in the major life domains...

2011-12-30

175

Late Effects of Polio: A Model for Identification and Assessment of Preventable Secondary Disabilities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The major goal of the project was to develop methods for identifying and assessing preventable secondary disabilities among populations having primary disabilities caused by chronic motor impairments. Project investigators performed an in-depth study of a...

C. Peterson F. M. Maynard M. Julius N. Kirsch R. Lampman

1991-01-01

176

National Disability Policy: A Progress Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This National Council on Disability (NCD) annual progress report to the President and Congress covers the period December 2005 through December 2006. The report is divided into 13 chapters, each dealing with a major area of public policy. These subject-specific chapters are preceded by an introductory Major Trends section that identifies…

National Council on Disability, 2008

2008-01-01

177

Disability-related content in nursing textbooks.  

PubMed

Although the American with Disabilities Act in 1990 mandated that people with disabilities (PWDs) have equal access to facilities and services, men and women with disabilities continue to report receiving inadequate health care. The need to address disability in health professions education, including nursing, has been identified by the U.S. Surgeon General, researchers, and the disability community. This study examined how disability issues are integrated in textbooks commonly used in nursing programs and differences in coverage by seven textbook categories (e.g., medical-surgical, pediatrics). A total of 33 textbooks used in undergraduate nursing curricula were systematically reviewed for inclusion of disability content using a review grid developed with the input of PWDs. Two researchers independently reviewed each textbook and at least three members of the team developed consensus ratings for each of 224 content items for each textbook. Sums of consensus ratings were calculated for each topic, each textbook, and all seven categories of textbooks. Ratings of each category of disability-related content were calculated and ranked from highest to lowest. Two investigators reviewed the consensus ratings for each category of book as well as written comments provided during the initial steps of the review. Analysis revealed that disability-related content was largely absent from textbooks and categories of textbooks. Although disabling conditions were discussed, issues related to lifelong or preexisting disability were often not addressed. Abuse, a major issue for PWDs, was barely addressed in detail in any of the textbooks. There were significant differences (p = .005) in inclusion of disability-related content by type of textbook; the highest ranked category was community health. Topics that would be expected in specific categories were often addressed infrequently or not at all. The results of this study suggest the need for faculty members to address disability in their nursing curricula in creative ways until textbook authors and publishers begin to address this issue. The large and growing population of 60 million individuals with disabilities mandates this action. PMID:20635618

Smeltzer, Suzanne C; Robinson-Smith, Gale; Dolen, Mary Anne; Duffin, Janice M; Al-Maqbali, Majid

178

REST based mobile applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Simplicity is the major advantage of REST based webservices. Whereas SOAP is widespread in complex, security sensitive business-to-business aplications, REST is widely used for mashups and end-user centric applicatons. In that context we give an overview of REST and compare it to SOAP. Furthermore we apply the GeoDrawing application as an example for REST based mobile applications and emphasize on pros and cons for the use of REST in mobile application scenarios.

Rambow, Mark; Preuss, Thomas; Berdux, Jörg; Conrad, Marc

2008-03-01

179

[Disabled and handicapped in the Aquitaine region].  

PubMed

An extension of the national survey on health and medical consumption conducted in 1981 on a random sample of the population living at home in Aquitaine used questionnaire on presence of disability and handicap (according to WHO definition). Occupations, mobility, personal care, communication restriction are observed in respectively 10.6, 3.3 and 1.5% of the sample. Because people aged 60 and over are concerned in 60 to more than 80% according disability or handicap dimension, analysis of those was follow up for this only population. Personal and domestic care disabilities are then noted for one out of eight persons, communication disabilities are present among one subject out of twenty. One person out of seven is restricted for mobility and physical independence whereas one out of four was restricted for customary occupations and one out of ten for social relationships. Those aged 75 and over are three of four times more often involved than those aged 60 to 74 with the exception of usual occupations. The 5% of those defined as dependent and nevertheless living alone are the ones that are likely to be institutionalized because of a minor intercurrent health problem. PMID:2934772

Henrard, J C; Ankri, J; Cassou, B; Morel, B; Lelaidier, S

1985-01-01

180

DISABILITY AND MARGINAL UTILITY OF INCOME: EVIDENCE FROM HYPOTHETICAL CHOICES.  

PubMed

It is often assumed that disability reduces the marginal utility of income. In this article, individuals' marginal utility of income in two states-(i) paralyzed in both legs from birth and (ii) not mobility impaired at all-is measured through hypothetical choices between imagined lotteries behind a so-called veil of ignorance. The outcomes of the lotteries include both income and disability status. It is found that most people have higher marginal utility when paralyzed than when not mobility impaired at all. The two marginal utilities are evaluated at the same levels of income. Having personal experience of mobility impairment and supporting the Left Party, the Social Democratic Party, the Green Party, or the Liberal Party are associated with having a higher marginal utility when paralyzed. The results suggest that more than full insurance of income losses connected to being disabled is optimal. The results further suggest that, given a utilitarian social welfare function, resources should be transferred to rather than from disabled people. Finally, if the transfers are not large enough to smooth out the marginal utilities of the disabled and the nondisabled, distributional weights based on disability status should be used in cost-benefit analysis. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:23532796

Tengstam, Sven

2013-03-27

181

Mobile marketing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reminds us that mobile phones are ubiquitous and a status symbol for young people, so that more traditional media are getting on the act: Emap publishes a number of teenage magazine brands that have mobile databases and regards mobile marketing as a valuable tool, since messages to an opted-in audience are targeted and relevant. Outlines how this interactive system works:

Fiona Jenkins

2006-01-01

182

Repositioning Mothers: Mothers, Disabled Children and Disability Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article we set out to review the ways in which mothers of disabled children have been portrayed within disability studies and the more broader academic literature. We argue that within disability studies mothers of disabled children occupy a liminal position because they are often not disabled and yet they can experience forms of…

Ryan, Sara; Runswick-Cole, Katherine

2008-01-01

183

Feminist disability theory: domestic violence against women with a disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Women with a disability continue to experience social oppression and domestic violence as a consequence of gender and disability dimensions. Current explanations of domestic violence and disability inadequately explain several features that lead women who have a disability to experience violent situations. This article incorporates both disability and material feminist theory as an alternative explanation to the dominant approaches (psychological

Jennifer M. Mays

2006-01-01

184

Plug-In Architecture for Mobile Devices.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This technical note describes plug-in architecture for mobile devices (PAMD)-an architectural specification that extends the function of applications in mobile devices. Users gain major benefits when the functionality of applications that run on these dev...

M. Keshavamurthy J. S. Kim M. Li V. Sagetong

2002-01-01

185

Injuries and Individuals with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Children and adults with disabilities are at an increased risk of injury. Falls are the leading mechanism of injury regardless of the disability status and are even more common in those with moderate or severe disabilities. The setting for the injury differs with the disability status. Compared to individuals with moderate or no disabilities,…

Waldman, H. Barry; Perlman, Steven P.; Chaudhry, Ramiz A.

2009-01-01

186

Major depression  

MedlinePLUS

Depression - major; Unipolar depression; Major depressive disorder ... The exact cause of depression is not known. Many researchers believe it is caused by chemical changes in the brain. This may be due to ...

187

"So Much Potential in Reading!" Developing Meaningful Literacy Routines for Students with Multiple Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Children with multiple disabilities, often experience challenges in communication, mobility, and learning. Despite these challenges, substantial research exists that documents successful educational methods and strategies for these students. Specifically, students with multiple disabilities have successfully been taught to use a voice output…

Fenlon, Amanda G.; McNabb, Jessica; Pidlypchak, Harmony

2010-01-01

188

"Is There Anybody Here Who's Perfect?" An Educator's Guide to Understanding People with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Classroom ideas and resource information for teachers in the areas of visual, hearing, and mobility impairments; developmental handicaps; and mental illness are presented. For each disability three topics of discussion are introduced to help the student understand individuals who have the disability. The first discussion area deals with the…

Goldblatt, Ann

189

Support for Students with Disabilities in Community Colleges. UCLA Community College Bibliography  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In discussing services for students with disabilities, it is important to emphasize that this term encompasses a variety of physical and cognitive challenges faced by individuals, including learning disabilities such as Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), mobility impairment, hearing/visual…

Zarkesh, Maryam

2004-01-01

190

Disability and Democracy in Cambodia: An Integrative Approach to Community Building and Civic Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The political framework through which the various communities of disabled persons in Cambodia advocate for and claim their rights is complex and confusing. Both governmental and non-governmental actors engage this political framework through the mobilization of persons from the various disabled communities, competing in the civic sphere through…

Zook, Darren C.

2010-01-01

191

Reasonable Accommodations: A Faculty Guide to Teaching College Students with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This handbook is designed to provide City University of New York faculty with practical information and suggestions to help them meet the needs of disabled students in their classrooms. An overview on teaching students with disabilities is provided, followed by discussions of specific topics including coping with mobility and hand-function…

Professional Staff Congress of the City Univ. of New York, NY.

192

Disability and Democracy in Cambodia: An Integrative Approach to Community Building and Civic Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The political framework through which the various communities of disabled persons in Cambodia advocate for and claim their rights is complex and confusing. Both governmental and non-governmental actors engage this political framework through the mobilization of persons from the various disabled communities, competing in the civic sphere through…

Zook, Darren C.

2010-01-01

193

Charting the progression of disability in parkinson disease: study protocol for a prospective longitudinal cohort study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: People with Parkinson disease (PD), even in the presence of symptomatic relief from medical, surgical, and rehabilitative interventions, face a persistent worsening of disability. This disability is characterized by diminished quality of life, reduced functional mobility, declining performance in activities of daily living and worsening neurological impairments. While evidence has emerged supporting the clinically meaningful benefits of short-term exercise

Leland E Dibble; James T Cavanaugh; Gammon M Earhart; Terry D Ellis; Matthew P Ford; Kenneth B Foreman

2010-01-01

194

A Wheelchair User with Visual and Intellectual Disabilities Managing Simple Orientation Technology for Indoor Travel  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Persons with profound visual impairments and other disabilities, such as neuromotor and intellectual disabilities, may encounter serious orientation and mobility problems even in familiar indoor environments, such as their homes. Teaching these persons to develop maps of their daily environment, using miniature replicas of the areas or some…

Lancioni, Giulio E.; O'Reilly, Mark F.; Singh, Nirbhay N.; Sigafoos, Jeff; Campodonico, Francesca; Oliva, Doretta

2009-01-01

195

Approach to learning disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning disabilities (LD) is one of the important causes of poor academic performance in school going children. Learning\\u000a disabilities are developmental disorders that usually manifest during the period of normal education. These disabilities create\\u000a a significant gap between the true potential and day to day performance of an individual. Dyslexia, dysgraphia and dyscalculia\\u000a denote the problem related to reading, writing

Madhuri Kulkarni; Sarika Kalantre; Shubhangi Upadhye; Sunil Karande; Sanjeev Ahuja

2001-01-01

196

Disability Identity of Leaders in the Self-Advocacy Movement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Life stories and perspectives of leaders in the self-advocacy movement were explored to enhance knowledge about disability identity formation. In-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with 13 leaders in the self-advocacy movement. Five major themes emerged: (a) resistance-claiming personhood and voice; (b) connection with disability

Caldwell, Joe

2011-01-01

197

Disability Identity of Leaders in the Self-Advocacy Movement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Life stories and perspectives of leaders in the self-advocacy movement were explored to enhance knowledge about disability identity formation. In-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with 13 leaders in the self-advocacy movement. Five major themes emerged: (a) resistance-claiming personhood and voice; (b) connection with disability

Caldwell, Joe

2011-01-01

198

Young Offenders with Disabilities: Legal Requirements and Reform Considerations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Delinquency rates have been a persistent concern in the United States with juveniles involved in almost a third of arrests for major crimes in 1993. Further, a disproportionate number of youths incarcerated have a disability. Because youths with disabilities in correctional facilities present legal and educational challenges, we explored the parameters of providing appropriate services based on individual needs. Despite

Antonis Katsiyannis; Francie Murry

2000-01-01

199

National Disability Policy: A Progress Report, December 2001-December 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This annual report of the National Council on Disability surveys major legal and policy developments during the year 2002 and offers recommendations for legal/policy measures and for research. The first chapter identifies legal and policy issues that cross traditional areas, focusing on six themes: (1) the mainstreaming of disability issues; (2)…

National Council on Disability, Washington, DC.

200

Overweight and Obesity in Older People with Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Overweight and obesity are major health problems associated with increased cardiovascular disease risk, which is not sufficiently studied in people with intellectual disability yet. The present study was part of the Healthy Ageing in Intellectual Disability (HA-ID) study. The aim of this study was to establish (1) the prevalence of overweight,…

de Winter, C. F.; Bastiaanse, L. P.; Hilgenkamp, T. I. M.; Evenhuis, H. M.; Echteld, M. A.

2012-01-01

201

Social Security for Persons with Disabilities in India  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the programmes of Social Security are to guarantee income maintenance or income support, the condition of the disabled persons is somewhat different. Some might have become disabled due to work injury or accident or due to some other contingency during their work life. Such persons have employment related social security schemes in operation in India. However, there are majority

P Madhava Rao

202

Inclusion in Regeneration: A Place for Disabled People?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Single Regeneration Budget (SRB) is a major policy tool for tackling inequality within British cities. Surveys of 200 public-private-community SRB partnerships examined the involvement of people with disabilities in the partnerships. Results indicated that people with disabilities tended to be targets of projects rather than active…

Edwards, Claire

2001-01-01

203

The Evolving Understanding of the Construct of Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses two major areas concerned with the evolving understanding of the construct of intellectual disability. The first part of the article discusses current answers to five critical questions that have revolved around the general question, "What is Intellectual Disability?" These five are what to call the phenomenon, how to…

Schalock, Robert L.

2011-01-01

204

Disability: a welfarist approach.  

PubMed

In this paper, we offer a new account of disability. According to our account, some state of a person's biology or psychology is a disability if that state makes it more likely that a person's life will get worse, in terms of his or her own wellbeing, in a given set of social and environmental circumstances. Unlike the medical model of disability, our welfarist approach does not tie disability to deviation from normal species' functioning, nor does it understand disability in essentialist terms. Like the social model of disability, the welfarist approach sees disability as a harmful state that results from the interaction between a person's biology and psychology and his or her surrounding environment. However, unlike the social model, it denies that the harm associated with disability is entirely due to social prejudice or injustice. In this paper, we outline and clarify the welfarist approach, answer common objections and illustrate its usefulness in addressing a range of difficult ethical questions involving disability. PMID:22140353

Savulescu, Julian; Kahane, Guy

2011-03-01

205

Culture and Disability Behavior  

PubMed Central

A substantial amount of literature suggests that illness behavior in the United States is a product of a patient's core culture; equally credible findings do not support this contention. Most students and graduates in the health care professions believe that illness and disability behavior are affected by a patient's culture, but they are hard put to find convincing examples of that relationship. In experience with medical students studying the social and cultural bases of illness behavior, with patients who are disabled and with persons who claim disability in the absence of physical disease or disabling psychopathology, I observed no deviant disability behavior that was typical for the members of any cultural group, and no behavior was displayed by the members of one cultural group that was not seen in members of other cultural groups. No cultural stereotypes were upheld. I did find evidence that disability behavior is influenced by personality factors, social situations and the gains derived from the disability status. Evolving concepts of “entitlement,” which are closely related to socioeconomic status, also have a significant influence. The impact of feedback from others in a person's many social and medical subcultures is a more crucial determinant of illness and disability behavior, except in those for whom illness and disability behavior is determined by the limitations imposed by the disease or by a personality structure resistant to cultural expectations and social feedback.

Brodsky, Carroll M.

1983-01-01

206

Helping Children Understand Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The program described uses simulation activities; exposure to aids and appliances; guest speakers; books, movies, slides, and videotapes; and class discussion to help elementary students understand disabilities. (IRT)

Zakariya, Sally Banks

1978-01-01

207

Disability and dignity-enabling home environments.  

PubMed

In Canada where long-term care is primarily oriented to elderly persons and affordable accessible housing is limited, younger disabled adults may be living in circumstances that do not meet their health needs and contribute to their social exclusion. The purpose of this study was to undertake an ethical analysis of what constitute an 'adequate' home environment for adults with significant mobility disabilities. An integrated design was used that combined qualitative interviews with normative ethical analysis in an iterative process. Twenty interviews with 19 participants were conducted in Ontario, Canada with two groups: younger adults (ages 18-55) with mobility disabilities and 'decision-makers' who consisted of policy makers, program administrators and discharge planners. Data were analyzed using a critical disability ethics approach and processes of reflective equilibrium. Drawing on Nora Jacobson's (Jacobson, 2009) taxonomy of dignity and pluralistic approaches to social justice, the concept of 'social dignity' provides a lens for exploring the adequacy of home environments for disabled people. Analyses suggested seven threshold conditions necessary for a dignity-enabling home: the ability to form and sustain meaningful relationships; access to community and civic life; access to control and flexibility of daily activities; access to opportunities for self-expression and identity affirmation; access to respectful relationships with attendants; access to opportunities to participate in school, work or leisure; access to physical, psychological and ontological security. The results have implications for housing, health and social care policies, and political reform. Social dignity provides a normative ethical grounding for assessing the adequacy of home environments. The threshold elements outline specific dignity-enabling conditions that are open to further specification or elaboration in different contexts. PMID:22142787

Gibson, Barbara E; Secker, Barbara; Rolfe, Debbie; Wagner, Frank; Parke, Bob; Mistry, Bhavnita

2011-11-18

208

People with Disabilities: Living Healthy  

MedlinePLUS

... to... Añadir en... Favorites Delicious Digg Google Bookmarks People with Disabilities: Living Healthy If you are living ... the health and wellness of people with disabilities Person with Disability: Make Sure You are Getting the ...

209

Disability and Health: Healthy Living  

MedlinePLUS

... the Health and Wellness of Persons with Disabilities Health care reform for Americans with disabilities: Learn more about the Affordable Care Act . Getting the Best Possible Health Care People with disabilities must get the care ...

210

Disability, poverty and development.  

PubMed

Disability is both a cause and consequence of poverty. Eliminating world poverty is unlikely to be achieved unless the rights and needs of people with disabilities are taken into account. According to the United Nations, one person in 20 has a disability. More than three out of four of these live in a developing country. More often than not they are among the poorest of the poor. Recent World Bank estimates suggest they may account for as many as one in five of the world's poorest. Disability limits access to education and employment, and leads to economic and social exclusion. Poor people with disabilities are caught in a vicious cycle of poverty and disability, each being both a cause and a consequence of the other. A large proportion of disability is preventable. Achieving the international development targets for economic, social and human development will undoubtedly reduce the levels of disability in many poor countries. However, general improvements in living conditions will not be enough. Specific steps are still required, not only for prevention, but also to ensure that people with disabilities are able to participate fully in the development process, obtain a fair share of the benefits, and claim their rights as full and equal members of society. An integrated approach is required, linking prevention and rehabilitation with empowerment strategies and changes in attitudes. This paper assesses the significance of disability as a key development issue, and its importance in relation to poverty, human rights, and the achievement of internationally agreed development targets. It also sets out ways in which development co-operation, including DFID's own work, can help incorporate the rights and needs of people with disabilities into the mainstream of poverty reduction work and the achievement of human rights. PMID:12221831

2002-01-01

211

Video Self-Modeling: A Job Skills Intervention with Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities in Employment Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A large majority of adults with intellectual disabilities are unemployed. Unemployment of adults with intellectual disabilities is a complex multidimensional issue. Some barriers to employment of individuals with intellectual disabilities are the lack of job experience and skills training. In recent years, video-based interventions, such as video…

Goh, Ailsa E.

2010-01-01

212

Recruitment of Students with Disabilities: Exploration of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Individuals with disabilities are underrepresented in postsecondary education; in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) majors; in graduate and post-doctoral work; and in faculty positions, particularly in STEM. Despite these lags behind their non-disabled counterparts, few organizations recruit persons with disabilities into…

Martin, Jay K.; Stumbo, Norma J.; Martin, Liam G.; Collins, Kimberly D.; Hedrick, Bradley N.; Nordstrom, Dan; Peterson, Michelle

2011-01-01

213

Meeting the Needs of English Language Learners with Learning Disabilities in the General Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To be academically successful in general education classrooms, English language learners (ELLs) with learning disabilities (LD) need instruction that is simultaneously responsive to their disability, English language status, and culture. Because the majority of students with LD have reading disabilities, ESL and classroom teachers must be…

Garcia, Shernaz B.; Tyler, Brenda-Jean

2010-01-01

214

Meeting the Needs of English Language Learners With Learning Disabilities in the General Curriculuam  

Microsoft Academic Search

To be academically successful in general education classrooms, English language learners (ELLs) with learning disabilities (LD) need instruction that is simultaneously responsive to their disability, English language status, and culture. Because the majority of students with LD have reading disabilities, ESL and classroom teachers must be familiar with instructional strategies that will support language and literacy development in the content

Shernaz B. García; Brenda-Jean Tyler

2010-01-01

215

Dermatology and the Americans With Disabilities Act: A review of the case law  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) defines disability as a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities. Although dermatology has received relatively little attention in the context of disability law, dermatologic diseases are properly covered by the ADA and are subject to the same criteria as other medical conditions. A Lexis-Nexis search of federal

Mary L. Curry; James A. Curry; Clay J. Cockerell

2002-01-01

216

The Fairness of Report Card Grading Adaptations: What Do Students with and without Learning Disabilities Think?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of 15 high school students with learning disabilities and 257 typical students found no grading adaptation was viewed as fair by a majority of students without disabilities. Changing the grading scale and raising grades to reflect improvement were viewed as fair adaptations by the students with disabilities. (CR)

Bursuck, William D.; Munk, Dennis D.; Olson, Mary M.

1999-01-01

217

People with Disabilities as a Health Disparities Population: The Case of Sexual and Reproductive Health Disparities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Disability has yet to achieve its proper place in the discussion of health disparities. Several major Federal initiatives to remove health disparities have only addressed disability as a consequence of poverty, low education levels, lack of access to health care, and other disparity factors, but fail to acknowledge people with disabilities as a health disparity population. Whereas policymakers and health

Margaret A. Nosek; Darrell K. Simmons

2007-01-01

218

FERRET: An expert system for identifying teaching strategies for students with learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning disabilities is currently the largest category of special education. An estimated five percent of the total school population has been identified in most statistical reports as learning disabled. Although the majority of these students with learning disabilities (LD) are taught in the regular classroom for at least part of the day, many classroom teachers feel uncertain about how best

John W. Steele; Marcee M. Raab

1995-01-01

219

Characteristics of and Strategies for Teaching Students with Mild Disabilities. Fourth Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This text is intended to introduce undergraduate or graduate general or special education majors to student characteristics and teaching strategies with students who have mild disabilities (mild mental retardation, behavior disorders, and learning disabilities). Part 1 addresses the characteristics of students with mild disabilities. Chapter 1…

Henley, Martin; Ramsey, Roberta S.; Algozzine, Robert F.

220

Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity in Children with Intellectual Disabilities in Korea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: Overweight and obesity in children with intellectual disabilities may be a major health threat. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of overweight and obesity in Korean children with intellectual disabilities aged 7-18 years who did not have specific genetic syndromes or physical disabilities. Materials and methods:…

Choi, Eunsook; Park, HyunJu; Ha, Yeongmi; Hwang, Won Ju

2012-01-01

221

Disability Measurement for Lymphatic Filariasis: A Review of Generic Tools Used within Morbidity Management Programs  

PubMed Central

Lymphatic filariasis (LF)-related disability affects 40 million people globally, making LF the leading cause of physical disability in the world. Despite this, there is limited research into how the impacts of LF-related disability are best measured. This article identifies the tools currently being used to measure LF-related disability and reviews their applicability against the known impacts of LF. The findings from the review show that the generic disability tools currently used by LF programs fail to measure the majority of known impacts of LF-related disability. The findings from the review support the development of an LF-specific disability measurement tool and raise doubt about the suitability of generic disability tools to assess disability related to neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) globally.

Zeldenryk, Lynne; Gordon, Susan; Gray, Marion; Speare, Richard; Melrose, Wayne

2012-01-01

222

Disability index of hands and feet in patients attending an urban leprosy clinic.  

PubMed

189 leprosy patients including 20 from a leprosy colony having disabilities and deformities were graded by the WHO (1960) classification and their disability indices were calculated. Disabilities occurred more frequently in males and the disability index was significantly higher in those with longer duration of the disease and in multibacillary patients. Majority of the disabled patients (82.5%) were manual workers, but the highest disability index was observed in beggars. Irregularly treated and untreated patients had significantly higher disability indices (DI 2.40 and DI 1.40) than those taking regular treatment (DI 1.09). No correlation was found between severity of disability and occurrence of type I and type II reactions. Disabilities of hands and feet occurred with equal frequency. PMID:2262718

Thappa, D M; Kaur, S; Sharma, V K

223

Age-Related Impairments of Mobility Associated with Cobalt and Other Heavy Metals: Data from NHANES 1999–2004  

Microsoft Academic Search

Exposure to heavy metals promotes oxidative stress and damage to cellular components, and may accelerate age-related disease and disability. Physical mobility is a validated biomarker of age-related disability and is predictive of hospitalization and mortality. Our study examined associations between selected heavy metals and impaired lower limb mobility in a representative older human population. Data for 1615 adults aged ?60

Iain A. Lang; Alan Scarlett; Jack M. Guralnik; Michael H. Depledge; David Melzer; Tamara S. Galloway

2009-01-01

224

Boron mobility in plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the majority of plant species, B distribution between plant organs and the symptoms of B deficiency and toxicity indicate that B has restricted mobility. Nevertheless, B is present in phloem and is retranslocated in phloem, often in sufficient amounts to satisfy the demands of developing sink regions that do not readily transpire. In species that produce significant amounts of

Barry J. Shelp; Eduardo Marentes; Alice M. Kitheka; Pathmanathan Vivekanandan

1995-01-01

225

Boron mobility in plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the majority of plant species, B distribution between plant organs and the symptoms of B deficiency and toxicity indicate that B has restricted mobility. Nevertheless, B is present in phloem and is retranslocated in phloem, often in sufficient amounts to satisfy the demands of developing sink regions that do not readily transpire. In species that produce significant amounts of

Patrick H. Brown; Barry J. Shelp

1997-01-01

226

Disciplining Students with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discipline in schools can be difficult, especially when dealing with students with disabilities. In fact, Clash (2006) reported that working with students with disabilities under stringent legal demands has become a source of stress for many principals. The typical principal has not received extensive preservice or inservice training in this…

Burton, Janieth

2012-01-01

227

Disciplining Students with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent amendments to Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) provide school officials with increased flexibility to address infractions committed by handicapped students. If a conduct code pertaining to all students has been violated, a district may suspend or place a disabled student in an alternative setting for up to 10 days. (MLH)

Essex, Nathan L.

1999-01-01

228

Understanding Writing Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This review of the literature looks at writing disabilities in the context of special education services provided within regular classrooms. A definition of learning disabilities as well as a discussion of effects of left and right brain dominance and of the steps of the writing process begin the paper. Among the findings of the research…

Duer, Jacqueline M.

229

Learning about Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author describes lessons provided for regular class elementary students to help them understand disabilities and disabled persons. Objectives, materials needed, and activities are outlined for six lessons focusing on the following topics: individual differences, wheelchairs; devices that help people walk; amputation, artificial limbs, and…

Popp, Rita Ann

1983-01-01

230

Dads and Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This theme issue focuses on the relationship of fathers and their children with disabilities. It reports a study of 86 Kansas fathers of children (ages 5 to 8) with and without disabilities. The study was conducted in order to identify more options for fathers wishing to increase their involvement with their children. The study sent surveys of…

Higgins, Cindy, Ed.

1995-01-01

231

Disability: A Pacific Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a personal perspective about the disability issues within the Cook Islands. It looks at how the needs of children and adults with disabilities have been addressed over the years and the vision of many people who have worked towards building an inclusive society, starting with mainstreaming in the schools to full inclusion. It…

Smith, Donna

2008-01-01

232

Transporting Students with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Under the 1973 Rehabilitation Act (Section 504) and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, school districts must transport students with disabilities to a site providing a free, appropriate education in the least restrictive environment. This article discusses federal and state laws governing student transportation, including wheelchair…

Mawdsley, Ralph D.

1998-01-01

233

Dads and Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This theme issue focuses on the relationship of fathers and their children with disabilities. It reports a study of 86 Kansas fathers of children (ages 5 to 8) with and without disabilities. The study was conducted in order to identify more options for fathers wishing to increase their involvement with their children. The study sent surveys of…

Higgins, Cindy, Ed.

1995-01-01

234

Interaction between Multiply Disabled Children and the Computer.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The project was carried out to study the interaction between multiple disabled children and the computer and to evaluate the effects of technical aids on the social competence. All children had problems with communication in the field of mobility or speec...

A. Tammela

1994-01-01

235

Virtual reality for putting people with disabilities in control  

Microsoft Academic Search

Virtual reality technology offers a number of useful possibilities for people with disabilities. An obvious application is for those who face mobility problems to navigate around a virtual environment with minimal physical movement, allowing someone with limited motor ability the opportunity to explore virtual spaces with the same freedom of someone without physical impairments. This has implications for educational and

Norman Alm; John L. Arnott; Iain R. Murray; Iain Buchanan

1998-01-01

236

Notions of Self: Lived Realities of Children with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To research children's notions of self, semi-structured interviews, drawings and focused group discussions were used with 14 children with mobility "impairments" aged 11-16 years. The objective was to capture children's "lived realities". Findings illuminated immense variation and fluidity in children's understanding of "disability". Children…

Singh, Vanessa; Ghai, Anita

2009-01-01

237

Why Is Technology Access for Students with Disabilities Important?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What barriers impede students with disabilities when they use technology? Even when they use assistive technology, such as screen readers, students with vision, hearing and mobility impairments often have difficulty accessing instructional materials used in online courses, Web resources, simulations and online interactions with instructors. For…

Griffin, Dianne

2004-01-01

238

Notions of Self: Lived Realities of Children with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To research children's notions of self, semi-structured interviews, drawings and focused group discussions were used with 14 children with mobility "impairments" aged 11-16 years. The objective was to capture children's "lived realities". Findings illuminated immense variation and fluidity in children's understanding of "disability". Children…

Singh, Vanessa; Ghai, Anita

2009-01-01

239

Research into Telecommunications Options for People with Physical Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|People with a disability do not have equitable access to the modern telecommunication medium. Many experience difficulty typing, handling the phone, dialing, or answering calls. For those who are unable to speak, the only option is to type messages using whatever functional control site exists on their body. The provision of accessible mobile

Nguyen, Toan; Garrett, Rob; Downing, Andrew; Walker, Lloyd; Hobbs, David

2007-01-01

240

Effects of exercise on mobility in people with Parkinson's disease.  

PubMed

Parkinson's disease is a prevalent neurodegenerative disorder for which only symptomatic treatment exists. Gait and balance disturbance is common in Parkinson's disease and is a major contributor to increased disability and decreased health-related quality of life and survival. Balance and gait deficits in Parkinson's disease are notoriously difficult to treat and are not significantly helped by pharmacological or surgical treatment. The last two decades have seen a dramatic increase in the research and clinical interest in using exercise as a treatment for mobility problems in people with Parkinson's disease. With exciting advances in basic science research suggesting neurochemical and neuroplastic changes after exercise, an increasing number of high-quality studies are documenting particular aspects of mobility improving after exercise. Exercise has the potential to help both motor (gait, balance, strength) and nonmotor (depression, apathy, fatigue, constipation) aspects of Parkinson's disease as well as secondary complications of immobility (cardiovascular, osteoporosis). This perspective article focuses primarily on recent evidence on the effects of exercise in improving mobility while highlighting the importance of targeted exercise intervention for maximizing the benefits of exercise. Suggestions for exercise guidelines, adherence issues, and directions for future research are provided. © 2013 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society. PMID:24132847

van der Kolk, Nicolien M; King, Laurie A

2013-09-15

241

EBSCOhost Mobile  

Microsoft Academic Search

The explosive growth in mobile technology coupled with widespread adoption among students, librarians, medical professionals, and corporate users means that research database providers need to be where the users are. EBSCO host Mobile was designed and developed to provide EBSCO host database users with a platform that makes the power of EBSCO host and its content highly accessible on the

Ron Burns; Sara Rofofsky Marcus

2010-01-01

242

PBSC mobilization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intentional recruitment of hematopoietic stem cells from bone marrow to peripheral blood is a clinical process termed peripheral blood stem cell (PSBC) mobilization. Mobilized PSBC has replaced bone marrow as the preferred source of stem cells for pateints undergoing high-dose chemotherapy because of rapid and durable engraftment and reconstitution of functional bone marrow. Although the mechanism involved in the process

Kunihiko Takeyama; Hitoshi Ohto

2004-01-01

243

Self-Esteem of Children and Adolescents with Physical Disabilities: Quantitative Evidence from Meta-Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous studies on self-esteem of young people with physical disabilities have yielded discrepant results. There is a need for the succinct synthesis of the studies to understand the relationship between physical disabilities and self-esteem. This study aimed to examine the effects of minor physical disabilities (e.g., clumsiness, developmental coordination disorder) on different domains of self-esteem, and major physical disabilities (e.g,

Motohide Miyahara; Jan Piek

2006-01-01

244

Management of disabilities associated with achondroplasia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Achondroplasia is a skeletal dysplasia that manifests as short stature. Impairment and complications range over many disciplines including orthopedics, pediatrics, neurology, and otolaryngology. The major impairments of the extremities are short limbs, limited elbow and hip extension, and knee and leg deformities that can cause disabilities in arm function and locomotion. Hydrocephalus, a narrow foramen magnum, spinal deformity, and spinal

Nobuhiko Haga

2004-01-01

245

Children with Mathematics Learning Disabilities in Belgium  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Belgium, between 3% and 8% of the children in elementary schools have mathematics learning disabilities (MLD). Many of these children have less developed linguistic, procedural, and mental representation skills. Moreover, a majority of the children have been found to show inaccurate prediction and evaluation skills in Grade 3. MLD often become…

Desoete, A.; Roeyers, H.; De Clercq, A.

2004-01-01

246

Personnel Preparation for the Learning Disabled Adolescent.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Statewide (Virginia) Personnel Preparation Project, designed to provide training and ongoing support for teachers of learning disabled adolescents, consists of four major components: a summer institute, a full-year follow-through directed study program, a four-activity technical assistance program, and a preservice component. (CL)|

Houck, Cherry; Geller, Carol H.

1983-01-01

247

The demographics of disability in the south  

Microsoft Academic Search

A major issue for health reform is the equitable distribution of health services. Equity in the use of services depends in large part on the distribution of need for services, in addition to availability, accessibility, affordability, and acceptability of the services. The present paper focuses on one set of indicators of need, the disability data reported in the 1990 U.S.

Charles E. Holzer; Hoang Thanh Nguyen; Harold F. Goldsmith; William W. Thompson

1996-01-01

248

Helping Students with Mathematical Disabilities to Succeed  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Teachers and parents are often perplexed when an intelligent student performs poorly in mathematics. Research tells us that this is often due to math disability, otherwise known as "dyscalculia". The authors define dyscalculia and describe its major subtypes. Also, the authors describe characteristics of dyscalculia and explain why dyscalculia is…

Wadlington, Elizabeth; Wadlington, Patrick L.

2008-01-01

249

SEXUAL VIOLENCE AGAINST INTELLECTUALLY DISABLED VICTIMS  

Microsoft Academic Search

THE PAST TWO DECADES HAVE WITNESSED IMPORTANT CHANGES IN THE living, working and social environments of intellectuall y disabled people. Negative stereotypes of eternal children, or sub-human beings with little or no quality of life, have been replaced by positive developmental perspectives which emphasise the individual's ability to grow, learn and to take risks. A major concept underpinning the changes

Susan Hayes

250

76 FR 33744 - Final Priority; National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)-Disability...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)--Disability Rehabilitation Research Project (DRRP)--Disability...funding priority for the Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers...

2011-06-09

251

Disability studies, disabled people and the struggle for inclusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper traces the relationship between the emergence of disability studies and the struggle for meaningful inclusion for disabled people with particular reference to the work of a pivotal figure in these developments: Len Barton. It is argued that the links between disability activism and the academy were responsible for the emergence of disability studies and that this has had

Mike Oliver; Colin Barnes

2010-01-01

252

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA): The Definition of Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

[From Summary] The threshold issue in any Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) case is whether the individual alleging discrimination is an individual with a disability. The ADA definition is a functional one and does not list specific disabilities. It defines the term disability with respect to an individual as \\

Nancy Lee Jones

2006-01-01

253

Major Programs  

Cancer.gov

The Division of Cancer Prevention supports major scientific collaborations and research networks at more than100 sites across the United States; investigator-initiated grants; postdoctoral training; and specialized resources for researchers.

254

Trends in Mobile Application Development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Major software companies, such as Apple and Google, are disturbing the relatively safe and established actors of the mobile application business. These newcomers have caused significant structural changes by imposing and enforcing their own rules for the future of mobile application development. The implications of these changes do not only concern the mobile network operators and mobile phone manufacturers. This changed environment also brings additional opportunities and constraints for current mobile application developers. Therefore, developers need to assess what their options are and how they can take advantages of these current trends. In this paper, we take a developer’s perspective in order to explore how the structural changes will influence the mobile application development markets. Moreover, we discuss what aspects developers need to take into account in order to position themselves within the current trends.

Holzer, Adrian; Ondrus, Jan

255

Shifting Patterns of Student Mobility in Asia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|During the past decade, Asia--traditionally one of the largest exporters of mobile students--has experienced major changes in student mobility within higher education. As the worldwide competition for international students has escalated, many Asian countries have adopted a wide range of mechanisms and strategies in facilitating student mobility.…

Chan, Sheng-Ju

2012-01-01

256

Moving House, Creating Home: Exploring Residential Mobility  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper begins with a review of the residential mobility literature that arose out of housing and planning policy aimed at decreasing the negative effects of urban transience. The literature identified the range of factors influencing residential mobility, but Rossi's (1955) claim that mobility was a 'natural' outcome of life stage changes became the basis for the majority of this

ANN WINSTANLEY; DAVID C. THORNS; HARVEY C. PERKINS

2002-01-01

257

A Review of Balance and Gait Capacities in Relation to Falls in Persons with Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Limitations in mobility are common in persons with intellectual disabilities (ID). As balance and gait capacities are key aspects of mobility, the prevalence of balance and gait problems is also expected to be high in this population. The objective of this study was to critically review the available literature on balance and gait characteristics…

Enkelaar, Lotte; Smulders, Ellen; van Schrojenstein Lantman-de Valk, Henny; Geurts, Alexander C. H.; Weerdesteyn, Vivian

2012-01-01

258

Generalist Genes and Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors reviewed recent quantitative genetic research on learning disabilities that led to the conclusion that genetic diagnoses differ from traditional diagnoses in that the effects of relevant genes are largely general rather than specific. This research suggests that most genes associated with common learning disabilities—language impairment, reading disability, and mathematics disability—are generalists in 3 ways. First, genes that affect

Robert Plomin; Yulia Kovas

2005-01-01

259

Reflections on Growing Up Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The book offers firsthand accounts of the experiences and perceptions of disabled persons, as well as the views of parents of disabled children. Entries include the following titles: "Reflections of Disabled Children" (J. Umbreit and D. Baker); "The Handicap That Had No Name" (D. Brown); "Orthopedically Disabled: Determination on Wheels" (D.…

Jones, Reginald L., Ed.

260

Paralympic Athletes and “Knowing Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores non-disabled young people’s understandings of Paralympic athletes and the disability sports they play. The article examines how society has come to know disability by discussing medical and social model views of disability. The conceptual tools offered by Pierre Bourdieu are utilised as a means of understanding the nature and value of capital afforded to Paralympic athletes and

Hayley Fitzgerald

2012-01-01

261

The Excessive Appearance of Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper engages the appearance of disability in contemporary Western culture. Rather than taking disability for granted as a biomedical condition, I interrogate how disability is made to appear in our culture, including its appearance as a biomedical condition. Fundamentally, disability appears to us as a trouble and, as such, cultural…

Michalko, Rod

2009-01-01

262

From a Consideration of Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

From a consideration of disability, the body as a training ground for virtue asks questions of ability and disability, of the body, and of the training for virtue. The first question locates and challenges the social construction of disability that distinguishes disabled from nondisabled people. The second question explores the virtues of nurture and fidelity as those excellences that are

M. J. Iozzio

2000-01-01

263

Chinese disability independent living policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite strong statements on disability rights in Chinese legislation since 1990, independent living policy as experienced by disabled people falls short of the social inclusion goals expected from such a policy commitment. Analysis of empirical research about disabled people's experiences shows that responsibility for independent living rests primarily with disabled people and their families. Only when they have no family

Karen Fisher; Li Jing

2008-01-01

264

Disability, disorder, and identity.  

PubMed

The World Health Organization's International Classification of Diseases (ICD) is the most important diagnostic tool, worldwide, to ensure that people with intellectual and developmental disabilities receive the supports they need to live richer, fuller lives. And yet, the ICD has naming conventions that create a conundrum for the field, requiring that all "conditions" in the ICD be named as a "disorder." This article discusses the effect of naming on how people with intellectual disability are perceived by others and how they perceive themselves. The importance of continuing to move the field toward the adoption of functional/person-environment fit models of disability is discussed. PMID:23537360

Wehmeyer, Michael L

2013-04-01

265

Sexual rights and disability.  

PubMed

This paper argues against Appel's recent proposal-in this journal-that there is a fundamental human right to sexual pleasure, and that therefore the sexual pleasure of severely disabled people should be publicly funded-by thereby partially legalising prostitution. An alternative is proposed that does not need to pose a new positive human right; does not need public funding; does not need the legalisation of prostitution; and that would offer a better experience to the severely disabled: charitable non-profit organisations whose members would voluntarily and freely provide sexual pleasure to the severely disabled. PMID:21059634

Di Nucci, Ezio

2010-11-08

266

Modeling Mobility  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In wireless networks, communication can take place based on an infrastructure (e.g. WLAN access point or GPRS base station) or it can take place in adhoc mode, where mobile devices are connected directly to each other and care for the routing by themselves (mobile ad-hoc networks). When such wireless networks are investigated and simulations are performed, it is often necessary to consider the movement of entities within the simulated environment.

Berl, Andras

267

Approach to learning disability.  

PubMed

Learning disabilities (LD) is one of the important causes of poor academic performance in school going children. Learning disabilities are developmental disorders that usually manifest during the period of normal education. These disabilities create a significant gap between the true potential and day to day performance of an individual. Dyslexia, dysgraphia and dyscalculia denote the problem related to reading, writing and mathematics. Perinatal problems are certain neurological conditions, known to be associated with LD; however, genetic predisposition seems to be the most probable etiological factors. Evaluation of a child suspected to be having LD consists of medical examination, vision and hearing test analysis of school performance. The psycho-behaviour assessment and education testing are essential in the process of diagnosis. The experienced persons in the field of LD should interpret the results of such tests. With Individualized Remedial Education Plan (IEP) most children learn to cope up with disability and may get integrated in a regular steam. PMID:11450386

Kulkarni, M; Kalantre, S; Upadhye, S; Karande, S; Ahuja, S

2001-06-01

268

Intimacy and Disability.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The publication was designed as a guide for disabled people who are interested in developing and maintaining intimate relationships. It discusses self-image, body image, sexuality, meeting prospective partners, developing intimate relationships, and explo...

1982-01-01

269

Developmental Disabilities Issue Paper.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The problems in analyzing development disabilities (DD) service needs in the Agassiz health service area are presented. (1) Limited information is available on the DD population. (2) The service inventories provide limited information on the number of DD ...

1981-01-01

270

What Are Learning Disabilities?  

MedlinePLUS

... to say correctly and consistently. 10 Central auditory processing disorder. People with this condition have trouble understanding and ... Disabilities Association of America. (n.d.). Central auditory processing disorder . Retrieved June 15, 2012, from http://www.ldaamerica. ...

271

Facts about Developmental Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... day functioning, and usually last throughout a person’s lifetime. 1 Developmental Milestones Skills such as taking a ... developmental period and usually last throughout a person’s lifetime. Most developmental disabilities begin before a baby is ...

272

Evaluating respiratory patient disability.  

PubMed

The evaluation of the disabilities of patients with respiratory disease is regulated by the Spanish Ministry of Labor and Social Security, as are disabilities of any other type. We believe, however, that in respiratory pathologies this evaluation is especially complicated because, as they are chronic processes, they inter-relate with other systems. Furthermore, they tend to have occasional exacerbations; therefore, normal periods may alternate with other periods of important functional limitations. The present document arises from the desire of SEPAR to update this topic and to respond to the requests of respiratory disease patient associations who have asked us to do so. In this paper, we analyze the current situation of work disability legislation as well as the determination of degrees and percentages, including the current criteria for assigning disabilities due to respiratory tract deficiencies. Lastly, we propose work guidelines that would improve the existing scenario and outline this evaluation for specific pathologies. PMID:22341300

Ruiz Manzano, Juan; Alfageme Michavila, Inmaculada; Chiner Vives, Eusebi; Martínez González, Cristina

2012-02-16

273

DisabilityInfo.gov  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On August 28, 2002, President George W. Bush issued an executive memorandum as part of the New Freedom Initiative that directed all federal agencies to cooperate in building an interagency Web portal for people with disabilities, their families, employers, and the general public. As a result of this directive, DisabilityInfo.gov was developed to service these different groups. The site is divided into ten broad thematic areas, including housing, education, health, technology, and civil rights. Within each area, visitors can look through a number of press releases and links dealing with each area and, in many cases, specifically addressing the rights of the disabled. The site includes a search engine and, appropriately enough, is also available in several different versions, including a high-contrast version. Finally, the site also contains a number of federal grant opportunities for persons and organizations serving and working on behalf of the disabled.

274

Drugs, discrimination and disability.  

PubMed

Whether addiction to prohibited drugs should be classified as a disability for the purposes of disability discrimination is a controversial question in Australia. The leading Australian case of Marsden v Human Rights Equal Opportunity Commission & Coffs Harbour & District Ex-Servicemen & Women's Memorial Club Ltd (HREOC, No H98/51, 30 August 1999); [2000] FCA 1619 concerned a disability discrimination complaint brought by Mr Marsden as a result of his treatment by the club. The case was brought as a public interest test case by the New South Wales Legal Aid Commission. Mr Marsden was on a methadone program at the time. The reasoning of the decision at the Federal Court opened the way for a finding that dependence on illegal drugs constituted a disability under disability discrimination legislation. The media reaction to the court's decision led to State and federal governments proposing legislation limiting legal protection from discrimination for people addicted to illegal drugs on the basis of their drug use. While the proposed federal legislation lapsed after objections from a coalition of medical, legal and other advocacy groups, the New South Wales legislation still provides that, in employment matters, it is not unlawful to discriminate against a person on the ground of disability if the disability relates to the person's addiction to a prohibited drug and the person is actually addicted to a prohibited drug at the time of the discrimination. The article details the sequence of events in the Marsden case, reflects on the role of public interest litigation in achieving social justice outcomes and suggests that Australia's recent ratification of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities on 17 July 2008 should encourage legislators to review legislation which may have a discriminatory effect on people suffering from addictions. PMID:20169800

Gibson, Frances

2009-12-01

275

Depression and Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

In some lights, the connection between depression and disability seems almost commonsensical and obvious. But empirical data\\u000a on the nature of this relationship suggest that the links between the two are surprisingly subtle and complex. This chapter\\u000a has recommended a number of analytic strategies that could be useful to clarifying these relationships. Given the heterogeneity\\u000a of both depression and disability,

Martha L. Bruce

276

Exploring the health of women with mobility impairments.  

PubMed

This study examined health surveys of 109 midwestern women (mean age 44.6 +/- 8.2 years) with impaired mobility to determine whether mobility impairment severity was related to self-reported health, health care use, and engaging in health behaviors. The study also assessed which health factors were associated with pain. Women with severe mobility impairments reported poorer physical functioning, but better mental health than less severely impaired women after controlling for age, disability duration, and/or bodily pain. Degree of mobility impairment level was not significantly related to health behaviors, except having a checkup in the past year; more moderately impaired women reported these visits than mildly impaired women. Furthermore, pain was significantly associated with social functioning, general health, and secondary conditions. The findings suggest that factors beyond impairment level, such as pain, age, and disability duration, are related to the health of mobility-impaired women. PMID:18843838

Froehlich-Grobe, Katherine; Figoni, Stephen F; Thompson, Christian; White, Glen W

2008-01-01

277

Powered Mobility: A Literature Review Illustrating the Importance of a Multifaceted Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Powered mobility should facilitate independent mobility and improve the individual's ability to engage in meaningful life activities. However, using powered mobility is a complex task. The purpose of this article is to review the many factors influencing use of powered mobility and to summarize the research in the field of powered mobility. The major factors affecting powered mobility include human

Debbie Field

1999-01-01

278

Development and assessment of a screening test for detecting childhood disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper outlines the development and assessment of a screening test for broad-based identification of major disabilities\\u000a in children under 6 years of age. The Disability Screening Schedule (DSS) has been developed which should act as a one time\\u000a screen for all major disabilities viz. physical, motor, sensory and mental retardation. The DSS was developed after reviewing\\u000a a number of

Geeta Chopra; I. C. Verma; P. Seetharaman

1999-01-01

279

Mobile collaborative medical display system.  

PubMed

Because of recent advances in wireless communication technologies, the world of mobile computing is flourishing with a variety of applications. In this study, we present an integrated architecture for a personal digital assistant (PDA)-based mobile medical display system that supports collaborative work between remote users. We aim to develop a system that enables users in different regions to share a working environment for collaborative visualization with the potential for exploring huge medical datasets. Our system consists of three major components: mobile client, gateway, and parallel rendering server. The mobile client serves as a front end and enables users to choose the visualization and control parameters interactively and cooperatively. The gateway handles requests and responses between mobile clients and the rendering server for efficient communication. Through the gateway, it is possible to share working environments between users, allowing them to work together in computer supported cooperative work (CSCW) mode. Finally, the parallel rendering server is responsible for performing heavy visualization tasks. Our experience indicates that some features currently available to our mobile clients for collaborative scientific visualization are limited due to the poor performance of mobile devices and the low bandwidth of wireless connections. However, as mobile devices and wireless network systems are experiencing considerable elevation in their capabilities, we believe that our methodology will be utilized effectively in building quite responsive, useful mobile collaborative medical systems in the very near future. PMID:18177976

Park, Sanghun; Kim, Wontae; Ihm, Insung

2008-01-04

280

Accuracy and Precision of the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory Computer-Adaptive Tests (PEDI-CAT)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Aim: The aims of the study were to: (1) build new item banks for a revised version of the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI) with four content domains: daily activities, mobility, social/cognitive, and responsibility; and (2) use post-hoc simulations based on the combined normative and disability calibration samples to assess the…

Haley, Stephen M.; Coster, Wendy J.; Dumas, Helene M.; Fragala-Pinkham, Maria A.; Kramer, Jessica; Ni, Pengsheng; Tian, Feng; Kao, Ying-Chia; Moed, Rich; Ludlow, Larry H.

2011-01-01

281

Peripheral arterial disease and disability from NHANES 2001-2004 data.  

PubMed

Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) can lead to long-term disability, but diagnosis frequently occurs late in the process. The purpose was to study the relationship between severity of PAD and disability (health-related quality of life), using a national sample (NHANES 2001-2004). A cross-sectional design examined 4559 adults age 40 and over. An ankle-brachial index (ABI) measured PAD severity and the Center for Disease Control and Prevention Health-Related Quality of Life 4-question set measured physical, mental and activity disability. Sociodemographic level, chronic disease diagnosis, biological risk factors, pain, mobility and activity alterations in response to PAD were explored. Moderately-severe (ABI less than 0.7), mild (ABI 0.7 - 0.9) and no disease (0.91 - 1.5) showed that differences in pain, activity, mobility and risk factors become apparent when PAD is considered asymptomatic. Logistic regression showed physical disability was 1.7 times (95% CI 1.3, 2.2) more likely with mild PAD than with no disease. Education, poverty income ratio and hypertension were confounding factors. Mobility difficulty and calf pain with walking were mediators between PAD and physical disability. Age, ability to do vigorous activity, total cholesterol and obesity were effect moderators. Mobility, vigorous activity and calf pain made the most difference in the relationship between PAD and physical disability. PMID:21867902

Widener, Jeanne Malcom

2011-09-01

282

[Quality of life of athletes with disability and some aspects of equal possibilities].  

PubMed

The International Olympic and Paralympic Committees have decided that in 2012, the Olympic and Parolympic Games in London will take place at the same time. For this reason, the aim of our study was to determine whether athletes with disability in Lithuania have the same possibilities for sports - and thus for integration into the unified Lithuanian sports system - as those without disability. An anonymous inquiry of athletes with and without disability was performed in 2006. We analyzed 235 questionnaires filled in by the participants of the study; 159 subjects were with and 76 without disability. The Lithuanian Paralympic Committee approved the questionnaires and gave an agreement for the study. The inquiry was performed in Lithuanian sports clubs for the persons with disability and in the Lithuanian Academy of Physical Education. The obtained findings about the respondents' personality and environmental factors indicated that the indices of self-awareness in all athletes without disability were significantly higher than in athletes with disability (P<0.05). More than one-half (56.6%) of the respondents without disability indicated that their life was meaningful, whereas the respective percentage of athletes with disability was only 33.8% (P<0.05). As many as 59% of the respondents without disability were satisfied with their quality of life, compared to 36.2% of the respondents with disability. More than one-half (56.6%) of athletes without disability indicated that sports played an important role in their lives, whereas the respective percentage of athletes with disability was significantly lower - 33.2%. Only one-half (51.6%) of the participants with disability of the study had a permanent instructor (coach). The absolute majority of the respondents (irrespectively of the presence or absence of disability) indicated that sports helped them realize their potential. According to our findings, the majority of the respondents without disability (74.6%) and the absolute majority of respondents with disability (92.5%) indicated that sports of the persons with disability is not sufficiently propagated in mass media. Age and sex did not have any influence on the factors studied. Insufficient information about sports of the persons with disability and significantly lower indices in personality, physical and social environmental factors among athletes with disability are the main obstacles in the creation of an independent social sports system for the persons with disability and integration of these athletes into the general Lithuanian sports system in the aspect of equal possibilities. PMID:20516762

Samsoniene, Laimute; Baubinas, Algirdas; Adomaitiene, R?ta; Jankauskiene, Konstancija; Korotkich, Igor; Kevelaitis, Egidijus

2010-01-01

283

Ubiquitous apps: politics of openness in global mobile cultures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Smartphones are a central element of mobile ubiquity, with mobile applications (‘apps’) becoming especially important. This article discusses the concept of iPhone apps, and other apps, as cultural platforms. Apps are highly significant for emerging cultures of mobile ubiquity, yet these platforms are constituted and controlled by major transnational global mobile media corporations. The article looks at the characteristics, constraints

Gerard Goggin

2011-01-01

284

Dynamic Deployment of Services for Service-Based Mobile Ecosystem  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile devices are widely accepted as a convergence machine which provides both cell phone capability and a lightweight computing capability. However, mobile devices have a major drawback of limited computing power and resources such as main memory and battery life. Service-based mobile applications are emerged as an efficient solution to overcome this limitation of mobile devices. On the other hand,

Jae Yoo Lee; Ho Joong Lee; Duc Vinh Tien Tran; Hyun Jung La; Soo Dong Kim

2011-01-01

285

An Architecture for Reliable Mobile Workflow in a Grid Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile peer to peer (P2P) computing is becoming a major revolution in computing owing to advances in computing power, network connectivity and storage capacity of mobile devices. Mobile workflow is, however, characterized by the unreliability of mobile peers who can drop out of the network due to sudden loss of connectivity, drained battery and so on, thus making problematic the

Bill Karakostas; George Fakas

2009-01-01

286

Study of leprosy among slum dwellers in Pune. Part II--Disabilities.  

PubMed

While conducting a leprosy survey in an urban slum in Pune 45 cases of leprosy were detected in a population of 4915 and only 7 of these cases had some disability. Disability rate in the leprosy cases was 15.56 percent, and maximum number had Grade 2 disability of hands or feet. Disability was higher in the higher age groups, males, Hindus, widower/widows, unemployed and lower socio-economic classes. Majority of the cases had a very low Disability Index DI (2) between 0.10 to 0.69 which is heartening and proves the successful implementation of the National Leprosy Eradication Programme. PMID:1303995

Krishnan, S K; Gokarn, A

287

Discrimination by Gender and Disability Status: Do Worker Perceptions Match Statistical Measures?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We explore whether perceptions of discrimination are related to ordinary statistical measures. The majority of disabled respondents report feeling some discrimination due to their disability, the majority of women feel some discrimination because of their gender, and a surprising number of men also report some discrimination. We do not find a strong link between perceptions of discrimination and measured discrimination

Kevin F. Hallock; Wallace Hendricks; Emer Broadbent

1998-01-01

288

Mobile communications - an overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article focuses on voice communications using mobile (cell) phones over mobile\\/cellular networks. The advances in processors, memory, signal processing, communication technologies, and several related techniques, personal mobile communications has witnessed tremendous growth. A typical mobile communication network consists of: mobile devices, BS, mobile switching centers, gateway mobile switching center. Cell phones communicate wirelessly with BSs. Base stations communicate with

S. R. Subramanya; B. K. Yi

2005-01-01

289

Helping Adult Educators Understand Disability Disclosure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To help adult educators understand the process of disability disclosure, descriptions of the following are provided: the Americans with Disability Act of 1990, self-disclosure, disability disclosure, and identifying an undiagnosed disability. (Author/JOW)|

Rocco, Tonette S.

2001-01-01

290

Sexual self views of women with disabilities: The relationship among age-of-onset, nature of disability and sexual self-esteem  

Microsoft Academic Search

The sexual self-esteen of 43 women with mobility impairments was examined on the basis of age-of-onset and nature (fluctuating\\u000a versus stable health conditions) of disability. Based on past literature, it was hypothesized that women with earlier age-of-onset\\u000a disabilities would report lower positive levels of sexual self-esteem compared to women with later age-of-onset disabilities.\\u000a Subjects were acquired through two computer on-line

Linda R. Mona; Peter S. Gardos; Robert C. Brown

1994-01-01

291

Comparison of Learning Disabled and General Education Children on the McCarthy Scales of Children's Abilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning disabled children performed lower than general education children on all five major scale indexes. A similar amount of scatter was present in the profiles of learning disabled and general education children. No specific pattern of scale indexes could be determined as typical for learning disabled children. (Author)

Goh, David S.; Simons, Marc R.

1980-01-01

292

Commentary on measuring disability.  

PubMed

This is a commentary on 5 articles in this issue of Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation that report on several related studies of new approaches to measuring disability. The project was grounded in theory, beginning with the development of a conceptual framework enhanced by a literature review and expert consultation within and outside of the Social Security Administration. The investigators then used item response theory to develop test items, which they organized into computer adaptive testing instruments and tested them for their psychometric properties. All in all, it is a groundbreaking set of studies and an enormously valuable contribution to the field. Hopefully it will also be tested as an alternative approach to assessing disability in the Social Security Administration disability benefits programs. PMID:23770279

Goldman, Howard H

2013-06-14

293

Women with Disabilities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new site from the National Women's Health Information Center offers a plethora of resources of interest to women with disabilities and those who work and live with them. Divided into topical areas such as abuse, parenting, and sexuality, the site has a range of information about different types of disabilities and how they may particularly affect women. Also provided is information on federal laws and regulations that protect those with disabilities as well as extensive lists of services and support resources. A section on statistics may prove especially useful to researchers and educators. This site has literally hundreds of helpful links and publications and will be useful to both the general public and professionals.

294

Growing Up Physically Disabled: Factors in the Evaluation of Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Investigated how people with congenital orthopedic disabilities intially learn that they are different and how they learn the evaluative meaning associated with being disabled. Analyzed the content of 29 autobiographies. Results indicated that people born with orthopedic disabilities discover between ages 3 and 5 that they are different. (Author)|

Weinberg, Nancy

1982-01-01

295

Psychiatric Disabilities and the Americans with Disabilities Act  

Microsoft Academic Search

People with psychiatric disabilities are often victims of job discrimination. The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 makes it very clear that job discrimination based on a psychiatric impairment is illegal. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) reports that psychiatric disability is one of the leading causes why persons file discrimination complaints. Given this situation, an analysis is offered

John T. Pardeck

1998-01-01

296

Disability Services Offices for Students with Disabilities: A Campus Resource  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Section 504 of the 1973 Rehabilitation Act and the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) are often the starting places for conversations about students with disabilities in higher education. Section 504 and the ADA provide mandates for protection from discrimination and provision of reasonable disability accommodations (e.g., sign language…

Cory, Rebecca C.

2011-01-01

297

Disability And Provision Of Educational Opportunities For Disabled Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has been observed that children with disabilities are often neglected by their parents and society. Yet modernization and globalization demand that individuals should contribute to national development irrespective of whether a child has disabilities or not. Much contribution cannot be made without education. It is on the above premise that this paper discusses the concept of disability, what the

Alokan Funmilola Bosede; Onijigin Emmanuel Olubu

2012-01-01

298

Functional Disability, Disability Transitions, and Depressive Symptoms in Late Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This article addresses how stable functional disability statuses and disability transitions are related to change in depressive symptoms in the elderly. Method: The authors estimate longitudinal residual change models using two waves of data, 1986 and 1992, from the National Institute of Aging Established Populations for Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly, Duke University. Results: Both stable disability statuses and

Yang Yang; Linda K. George

2005-01-01

299

Terminating Social Security Disability Benefits: Another Burden for the Disabled?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent legislation has led to removal of more than 374,000 individuals from the Social Security disability rolls. After a study indicated that a significant percentage of beneficiaries were not actually entitled to Social Security disability payments, the Act was amended to provide for mandatory and frequent review of nearly all individuals on disability, resulting in the rise in removals. Removing

Beth S. Glassman

1984-01-01

300

Atomic Mobile  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Learners make a mobile model of a carbon atom using clay, wire, and pipe cleaners. Learners will use the periodic table as a guide and explore how atoms are made up of a nucleus of protons and neutrons with orbiting electrons. The activity includes a PDF file of a periodic table and a guide for reading it.

History, American M.

2012-06-26

301

Mars Mobiles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity introduces students to the basic features of the Mars landscape. Students locate the planets of the solar system on a diagram; look at pictures of Mars and describe the Martian landscape; describe landscape features of Earth, and compare those to what is found on Mars; and make mobiles showing features of the Martian landscape.

302

Serving Adult Learners with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses how adult basic educators can respond to the mandates of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. Addresses remediation versus accommodation, disability identification, and how to choose and evaluate the effectiveness of accommodations. (JOW)|

Polson, Cheryl J.; White, Warren J.

2001-01-01

303

The case for conserving disability.  

PubMed

It is commonly believed that disability disqualifies people from full participation in or recognition by society. This view is rooted in eugenic logic, which tells us that our world would be a better place if disability could be eliminated. In opposition to this position, I argue that that disability is inherent in the human condition and consider the bioethical question of why we might want to conserve rather than eliminate disability from our shared world. To do so, I draw together an eclectic, rather than systematic, configuration of counter-eugenic arguments for conserving disability. The idea of preserving intact, keeping alive, and even encouraging to flourish denoted by conserve suggests that disabilities would be better understood as benefits rather than deficits. I present, then, a reading of disability as a potentially generative resource rather than unequivocally restrictive liability. In other words, what I consider here is the cultural and material contributions disability offers to the world. PMID:23180334

Garland-Thomson, Rosemarie

2012-07-18

304

Screening for Developmental Disabilities  

PubMed Central

Developmental disabilities are responsible for a combination of severe physical, mental, psychological and social deficits. They develop before age 22 years and involve a little more than 1% of the population. Screening for developmental disabilities is the first step in their prevention. Various screening instruments are available for use throughout the developmental years that are designed to detect the wide variety of developmental problems that interfere with a developing person's optimal adaptation to his or her environment. The screening instruments must be inexpensive, reproducible, widely available and cost effective to the child, family and society.

Foster, Carol; Duran-Flores, Deborah; Dumars, Kenneth W.; Stills, Stanley

1985-01-01

305

INDIE: Integrated Network of Disability Information and Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Indie CyberAide Inc. provides this meta-site, which contains briefly annotated pointers to disability resources in fourteen major categories, including adaptive technology, disability type, employment, recreation, and transportation. Each category is divided into subcategories and there are pointers to hundreds of resources. INDIE supports keyword searching and is available in both English and French with graphic and text-only page options available from the main page, which is itself text-only.

1997-01-01

306

Disability Management in Small Firms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that American research has paid relatively little attention to prospects for adapting disability management practices to financial and management environment of smaller employers. Compares large and small firms in terms of employer disability practices and characteristics of disabled workers; discusses barriers to rehabilitation and…

Drury, David

1991-01-01

307

Disability Studies and Art Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article promotes the field of disability studies as a valuable resource for expanding art education's concept of disability and as a promising venue for interdisciplinary dialogue. While art education has persistently supported special education since its inception, disability advocacy has advanced in the past two decades toward…

Derby, John

2011-01-01

308

Decoding, Reading, and Reading Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To clarify the role of decoding in reading and reading disability, a model of reading is proposed, which holds that reading equals the product of decoding and comprehension. Three types of reading disability are posited, resulting from an inability to decode (dyslexia), an inability to comprehend (hyperlexia), or both (reading disability).…

Gough, Philip B.; Tunmer, William E.

1986-01-01

309

Disability Discrimination in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews court cases in 1999 related to disability discrimination in higher education focusing on the Americans with Disabilities Act and section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. The "Garrett" case regarding Eleventh Amendment immunity is the case most likely to be significant in the development of the law of disability discrimination. (SLD)

Weber, Mark C.

2000-01-01

310

Diagnosis in Severe Reading Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The relationship between neurological impairment or brain damage and severe reading disability is investigated. Symptoms and causes of neurological impairment are listed, and reading disability theories are discussed. Smith and Carrigan offer a neurochemical explanation of reading disability based on synaptic transmission problems. Orton,…

Schubert, Delwyn G.

311

The Americans with Disabilities Act  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored smaller businesses' understanding of and compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act, particularly as it relates to the accommodation of people with physical versus mental disabilities. An ADA compliance score was developed for personnel practices regarding employees with physical and mental disabilities and a comparison of scores was made between employers who could recall any of the

R. Paul Maiden; Beverly Younger

1996-01-01

312

Disabled People in Japanese Community.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The volume is intended to give readers a glimpse of the day-to-day life of disabled people in Japan. Eight brief papers present life experiences of a mentally retarded preschooler, severely disabled children, a child with muscular dystrophy, a young girl with polio living in the community, visually disabled and recovering mentally ill people…

Kojima, Yoko, Ed.; And Others

313

Emerging Technologies and Cognitive Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Cognitive disability entails a substantial limitation in one's capacity to think, including conceptualizing, planning, and sequencing thoughts and actions, remembering, interpreting subtle social cues, and understanding numbers and symbols. Cognitive disabilities include intellectual disabilities and can also stem from brain injury, Alzheimer's…

Braddock, David; Rizzolo, Mary C.; Thompson, Micah; Bell, Rodney

2004-01-01

314

Employment and People with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This newsletter issue offers six articles on employment of people with disabilities. "Employment and People with Disabilities: Challenges for the Nineties" (Frank Bowe) discusses the Americans with Disabilities Act, issues in unemployment and under-education, earnings, and implications for the Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative…

Nathanson, Jeanne H., Ed.

1990-01-01

315

Disabled People in Japanese Community.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The volume is intended to give readers a glimpse of the day-to-day life of disabled people in Japan. Eight brief papers present life experiences of a mentally retarded preschooler, severely disabled children, a child with muscular dystrophy, a young girl with polio living in the community, visually disabled and recovering mentally ill people…

Kojima, Yoko, Ed.; And Others

316

Perceived Disabilities, Social Cognition, and \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Article uses social cognition literature to analyze one form of non-prototypic employment discrimination under the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA). When enacting the ADA, Congress recognized that discrimination against individuals with disabilities is so pervasive that it reaches beyond those who possess substantially limiting impairments. Therefore, the ADA protects not only individuals who have an actual disability,

Michelle A. Travis

2002-01-01

317

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and learning disabilities (LD) are the most commonly used diagnoses for children\\u000a who experience academic and behavioral difficulties. Not only do questions concerning ADHD and LD comprise the majority of\\u000a referrals made to psychologists, psychiatrists, and other professionals, but many children diagnosed with one of these disorders\\u000a also meet diagnostic criteria for the other disorder

Stephen R. Hooper; Emily A. Williams

318

Mobile Customer Relationship Management and Mobile Security  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study is twofold. First, in order to guarantee a coherent discussion about mobile customer relationship management (mCRM), this paper presents a conceptualization of mCRM delineating its unique characteristics because of Among the variety of mobile services, considerable attention has been devoted to mobile marketing and in particular to mobile customer relationship management services. Second, the authors discusses the security risks in mobile computing in different level(user, mobile device, wireless network,...) and finally we focus on enterprise mobile security and it's subgroups with a series of suggestion and solution for improve mobile computing security.

Sanayei, Ali; Mirzaei, Abas

319

Medication and Reading Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The clinical syndrome which relates most frequently to the reading-disabled child is the attention deficity disorder. The child psychiatrist will generally resort to medication only when behavioral management techniques have failed. The two most frequently used medications are Ritalin and Dexedrine, central nervous system stimulants. (JN)|

Humphries, Laurie L.

1981-01-01

320

Aging, Disability and Frailty  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite multiple and often overlapping definitions of disability and frailty, both are common clinical characteristics of aged individuals though not identical. The geriatric syndrome of frailty is described as status of global impairment of physiological reserves involving multiple organ systems. The clinical correlate of frailty manifests as increased vulnerability, impaired capability to withstand intrinsic and environmental stressors, and limited capacity

Eva Topinková

2008-01-01

321

Health Professionals with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|When it comes to education from K-12 and into the college years, the literature is replete with stories of the accomplishments of youngsters and adults with any number of disabilities who surpassed the expectations of their families and teachers. Similarly, there are an increasing number of examples of young men and women with a range of…

Waldman, H. Barry; Perlman, Steven P.; Cinotti, Debra A.

2009-01-01

322

Disability Cause Lawyers  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a vast and growing cause lawyering literature demonstrating how attorneys and their relationship to social justice movements matter greatly for law’s ability to engender progress. But to date, there has been no examination of the work of ADA disability cause lawyers as cause lawyers. Similarly, despite an extensive literature focused on the ADA’s revolutionary civil rights aspects and

Michael E. Waterstone; Michael Ashley Stein; David B. Wilkins

2012-01-01

323

Handbook of Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This authoritative handbook reviews the breadth of current knowledge about developmental disabilities: neuroscientific and genetic foundations; the impact on health, learning, and behavior; and effective educational and clinical practices. Leading authorities analyze what works in intervening with diverse children and families, from infancy…

Odom, Samuel L., Ed.; Horner, Robert H., Ed.; Snell, Martha E., Ed.; Blacher, Jan, Ed.

2007-01-01

324

Feminist Disability Studies Pedagogy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The goal of this paper is to raise awareness about systems of oppression and privilege, as related to ability and disability in the classroom, and to provide tools to create instructional and institutional transformation. Feminist analyses of privilege, oppression, and intersectionality provide a framework for looking at the diverse experiences…

Knoll, Kristina R.

2009-01-01

325

FacingDisability.com  

MedlinePLUS

... Life Online" - Features FacingDisability and Table XI at Chicago Ideas Week Chicago Ideas Week, the idea-driven festival that highlights ... cord injury website takes off Ever since the “Chicago Tribune” featured a story on our ground-breaking ...

326

BRIDGING DISABILITY DIVIDES  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper takes a disability studies perspective on the history of the development of web content accessibility policies in the United States. Using procedural documents, popular press accounts, and policy documents themselves, augmented by personal interviews with key participants, I sketch a critical history of accessible web development. First, I argue that the world wide web consortium accessibility guidelines (WCAG

Elizabeth Ellcessor

2010-01-01

327

Disability, Disorder, and Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The World Health Organization's "International Classification of Diseases" ("ICD") is the most important diagnostic tool, worldwide, to ensure that people with intellectual and developmental disabilities receive the supports they need to live richer, fuller lives. And yet, the "ICD" has naming conventions that create a conundrum for the field,…

Wehmeyer, Michael L.

2013-01-01

328

Computers for the Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes adaptive technology for personal computers that accommodate disabled users and may require special equipment including hardware, memory, expansion slots, and ports. Highlights include vision aids, including speech synthesizers, magnification, braille, and optical character recognition (OCR); hearing adaptations; motor-impaired…

Lazzaro, Joseph J.

1993-01-01

329

Disability Benefits Available Under the Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) and Veterans Disability Compensation (VDC) Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

[Excerpt] Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) and Veterans Disability Compensation (VDC)— administered by the Social Security Administration (SSA) and the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) respectively—are two of the largest federal disability programs, but strongly differ along several dimensions, including the populations served, how each program defines a “disability,” as well as varying eligibility requirements.\\u000aThis report provides a description

Umar Moulta-Ali

2012-01-01

330

Learning Disability Research: How Far Have We Progressed?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article presents an analysis of the 229 research reports which have appeared in two major learning disability journals since 1978. Among findings are that the vast majority of these studies are quasiexperimental in nature and control of extraneous variables (e.g., intelligence) was not appropriately demonstrated in many studies. (Author)

Harber, Jean R.

1981-01-01

331

Social inclusion of children with intellectual disabilities in a recreational setting.  

PubMed

The social acceptance of children with and without intellectual disabilities was examined in an inclusive, summer recreational program. Participants were 67 children entering Grades 3 through 6, of which 29 were identified as having a mild intellectual disability. Children were recruited from economically and racially diverse urban school districts. Results showed that children with and without intellectual disabilities were equally accepted by their peers. Specifically, 95% of children without intellectual disabilities indicated that they liked to "hang out with" at least 1 child with an intellectual disability. Results also indicated that the majority of children without intellectual disabilities made at least 1 new friend with another child with an intellectual disability. The features of recreational programming that promote social inclusion are discussed. PMID:19368488

Siperstein, Gary N; Glick, Gary C; Parker, Robin C

2009-04-01

332

The effect of disability on the net worth of elderly people.  

PubMed

As demographic shifts make the Social Security program financially vulnerable, the responsibility for income security in old age will shift from the government to elderly people. In this changing environment, the accumulation of wealth will be a crucial issue because wealth holders can draw income from assets, which can supplement retirement income. Thus, wealth (or net worth) is a proximate indicator of economic well-being of the elderly. This article presents the findings of a study of the net worth of elderly people with disabilities. The major findings were that a smaller proportion of elderly people with disabilities has assets of any type compared with elderly people with no disability; the dollar value of each type of asset is smaller among elderly people with disabilities than among elderly people with no disability; and the net worth of people with disabilities is smaller than that of elderly people with no disability even after other variables were controlled. PMID:18032206

Ozawa, Martha N; Yeo, Yeong Hun

2007-01-01

333

Management of disabilities associated with achondroplasia.  

PubMed

Achondroplasia is a skeletal dysplasia that manifests as short stature. Impairment and complications range over many disciplines including orthopedics, pediatrics, neurology, and otolaryngology. The major impairments of the extremities are short limbs, limited elbow and hip extension, and knee and leg deformities that can cause disabilities in arm function and locomotion. Hydrocephalus, a narrow foramen magnum, spinal deformity, and spinal canal stenosis can cause neurological problems, leading to disabilities in locomotion, communication, and learning. Malfunctions of the otolaryngeal system such as otitis media, upper respiratory obstruction, deafness, speech delay, and malocclusion are interrelated and can also lead to disabilities in communication and learning. Although such disabilities may cause social handicaps, most children receive a normal education. Their social maturity scale is comparable to that of normal children, but their scale of locomotion is not. The reported occupational level of female adult patients is lower than that of their unaffected siblings. When managing patients, orthopedists should consider the overall aspects of achondroplasia, including natural development and complications other than orthopedic factors. PMID:14767713

Haga, Nobuhiko

2004-01-01

334

A pilot study of the effect of aerobic exercise on people with moderate disability multiple sclerosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: A pilot study to investigate the effect of aerobic exercise on the mobility and function of people with moderate disability multiple sclerosis (MS).Design: A small group, comparative, pre-and post-intervention study.Setting: A gymnasium within a general hospital.Subjects: Eight subjects, all female, average age 45 years (range 33-61) with moderate disability MS (Kurtzke scale 4-6), were recruited; six completed the study.Intervention:

J Kileff; A Ashburn

2005-01-01

335

Application of mobile-IP to space and aeronautical networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

NASA is interested in applying Mobile Internet Protocol (mobile-IP) technologies to its space and aeronautics programs. In particular, mobile-IP will play a major role in the Advanced Aeronautic Transportation Technology (AATT), the Weather Information Communication (WINCOMM) and the Small Aircraft Transportation System; (SATS) aeronautics programs. This paper describes mobile-IP and mobile-routers-in particular, the features, capabilities, and initial performance of the

Kent Leung; Dan Shell; William D. Ivancic; David H. Stewart; Terry L. Bell; B. A. Kachmar

2001-01-01

336

Power Management of MIMO Network Interfaces on Mobile Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

High-speed wireless network interfaces are among the most power-hungry components on mobile systems. This is particularly true for multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) network interfaces which use multiple RF chains simultaneously. In this paper, we present a novel power management solution for MIMO network interfaces on mobile systems, called antenna management. The key idea is to adaptively disable a subset of antennas and

Hang Yu; Lin Zhong; Ashutosh Sabharwal

2012-01-01

337

75 FR 39779 - National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)-Disability and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)-- Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program-- Disability Rehabilitation Research Project (DRRP)--Center on Knowledge...

2010-07-12

338

Quality of care for Medicare beneficiaries with disabilities under the age of 65 years.  

PubMed

Social Security Disability Insurance provides cash benefits to disabled workers and certain others under the age of 65 years. These individuals become eligible for Medicare 24 months after Social Security Disability Insurance cash benefits start. In 2001, 13.9% of Medicare's approximately 40 million beneficiaries were adults under the age of 65 years with disabilities, and they generated 15% of total program costs. Medicare beneficiaries with disabilities under the age of 65 years are much more likely than elderly beneficiaries to be minority race and ethnicity, impoverished, and to report fair or poor health. They are clinically diverse, with 53.4% reporting mental health conditions. Although Medicare provides essential coverage of acute medical services and selected rehabilitative and long-term care services, by law, Medicare does not reimburse important items and services essential to daily living for many people with disabilities, including mobility aids for use outside the home, physical and occupational therapy to maintain functioning or prevent declines, as well as personal assistance services. This gap represents a fundamental, structural quality problem for persons with disabilities. Surveys suggest that most Medicare beneficiaries with disabilities are generally satisfied with their standard medical services, but they report problems at much higher rates than elderly beneficiaries. Reforming Medicare to meet pressing needs of beneficiaries with disabilities will likely require statutory changes. PMID:20528520

Iezzoni, Lisa I

2006-06-01

339

Physical activity (PA) and the disablement process: a 14-year follow-up study of older non-disabled women and men.  

PubMed

Few studies have explored the associations of reported PA (RPA) with the processes underlying the development of disability. The present study was performed to explore RPA among older persons and its association with onset of functional dependence and mortality. Among a probability sample of 1782 community-living persons, aged 75-83 years, we evaluated the 1021 who reported no disability in basic activities of daily living. Participants were followed for a median of 8.34 years in public registers to determine onset of disability and mortality. RPA predicted mortality in older women (HR=1.77, 95%CI=1.42-2.19) and men (HR=1.65, 95%CI=1.27-2.14) over long time intervals. The effect of RPA persisted among permanently disabled older women, after adjusting for age, baseline vulnerability and grade of disability. Low RPA was independently associated with risk of incident disability (HR=1.56, 95%CI=1.10-2.23) in men. Among older women, the association between RPA and incidence of disability was attenuated in analyses that controlled for baseline mobility function. Thus, the association between physical activity and mortality reflected processes different from those underlying a simple relation between physical activity, disability and mortality. Physical activity was an ubiquitous predictor of longevity, but only for women. PMID:21868110

Schultz-Larsen, Kirsten; Rahmanfard, Naghmeh; Holst, Claus

2011-08-25

340

The effect of thoracic spine manipulation on pain and disability in patients with non-specific neck pain: a systematic review.  

PubMed

Abstract Purpose: The aim of this systematic review was to determine the efficacy of thoracic spine manipulation (TSM) in reducing pain and disability in patients diagnosed with non-specific neck pain. Methods: An extensive literature search of PubMed, The Cochrane Library, CINAHL and EMBASE was conducted in February 2012. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or controlled clinical trials evaluating the effect of TSM in patients aged 18 to 65 years with non-specific neck pain were eligible. Methodological quality of the studies was assessed according to the Physiotherapy Evidence Database scale (PEDro). Qualitative analyses were conducted by means of the best evidence synthesis of van Peppen et al. Results: The methodological quality of the 10 included RCTs (677 patients) varied between four and eight points. Eight studies reported significant reduction in pain and/or disability by TSM. Overall, according to the best evidence synthesis, there is insufficient evidence that TSM is more effective than control interventions in reducing pain and disability in patients with non-specific neck pain. Conclusions: TSM has a therapeutic benefit to some patients with neck pain, when compared to the effect of interventions such as electrotherapy/thermal programme, infrared radiation therapy, spinal mobilization and exercises. However, in comparison to cervical spine manipulation, no evidence is found that TSM is more effective in reducing pain and disability. Implications for Rehabilitation TSM is often used in the treatment of non-specific neck pain, which is a major health problem in the Western society. There is insufficient evidence that TSM is more effective in reducing pain and disability than control treatments in patients with non-specific neck pain. Despite the insufficient evidence that TSM is more effective than control treatments, TSM has a therapeutic benefit to some patients with neck pain. Therefore, TSM alone or in combination with other interventions is a suitable intervention to use in the treatment of non-specific neck pain. PMID:23339721

Huisman, Palesa A; Speksnijder, Caroline M; de Wijer, Anton

2013-01-23

341

Mobile phone-induced honeybee worker piping  

Microsoft Academic Search

The worldwide maintenance of the honeybee has major ecological, economic, and political implications. In the present study,\\u000a electromagnetic waves originating from mobile phones were tested for potential effects on honeybee behavior. Mobile phone\\u000a handsets were placed in the close vicinity of honeybees. The sound made by the bees was recorded and analyzed. The audiograms\\u000a and spectrograms revealed that active mobile

Daniel Favre

2011-01-01

342

Psychosocial environment for the integrated education opportunities of the disabled in Lithuania  

PubMed Central

Background The policy of the diminution of the social isolation of the disabled is the main objective of the strategy of the EU new policy concerning the disabled. Lithuanian society faces this objective as well. For this reason, this study aiming at providing the theoretical basis for and predicting the possible psycho-social environment in an integrated education system, as well as at the evaluation of the reasons for the formation of a positive approach to the disabled, is especially relevant, since it creates the prerequisites for the optimisation of the process of the integration of disabled schoolchildren into the general system of education. Method The sample of the study consisted of 2471 children from the same schools: not integrated (1958), integrated (126) and special schools (382). Empirical methods: questionnaire poll, comparative analysis. The statistical analysis was carried out using SAS. Results Our study showed that the majority of schoolchildren without disabilities and disabled schoolchildren have positive intentions for interpersonal interactions (>82%) and positive emotions (>69%) independently of the discrepant character of interpersonal contacts, different conditions of education and family life, and despite of low level of knowledge. Conclusion The results of the study confirmed positive intentions for interpersonal interaction between disabled schoolchildren and schoolchildren without disabilities, as well as a positive character of emotions, and disprove the unsound myth of the opponents of the social integration of the disabled stating that disabled children in comprehensive schools would undoubtedly experience offence from their peers without disabilities.

Samsoniene, Laimute; Juozulynas, Algirdas; Surkiene, Gene; Jankauskiene, Konstancija; Luksiene, Aloyza

2006-01-01

343

Mobile Social TV: Extending DVB-H Services with P2P-Interaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile TV is widely considered as major future growth driver of mobile multimedia. Although certain benefits such as location-independence are evident, the potential of this medium reaches beyond plain 'TV on the mobile '. In this paper, we propose the integration of service enablers for peer-to-peer interactivity into mobile TV. Using our definition of mobile social TV we discuss opportunities

Raimund Schatz; Siegfried Wagner; Norbert Jordan

2007-01-01

344

Mobile robot sense net  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mobile robot hardware and software is developing to the point where interesting applications for groups of such robots can be contemplated. We envision a set of mobots acting to map and perform surveillance or other task within an indoor environment (the Sense Net). A typical application of the Sense Net would be to detect survivors in buildings damaged by earthquake or other disaster, where human searchers would be put a risk. As a team, the Sense Net could reconnoiter a set of buildings faster, more reliably, and more comprehensibly than an individual mobot. The team, for example, could dynamically form subteams to perform task that cannot be done by individual robots, such as measuring the range to a distant object by forming a long baseline stereo sensor form a pari of mobots. In addition, the team could automatically reconfigure itself to handle contingencies such as disabled mobots. This paper is a report of our current progress in developing the Sense Net, after the first year of a two-year project. In our approach, each mobot has sufficient autonomy to perform several tasks, such as mapping unknown areas, navigating to specific positions, and detecting, tracking, characterizing, and classifying human and vehicular activity. We detail how some of these tasks are accomplished, and how the mobot group is tasked.

Konolige, Kurt; Gutmann, Steffen; Guzzoni, Didier; Ficklin, Robert W.; Nicewarner, Keith E.

1999-08-01

345

The need for the development of a child led assessment tool for powered mobility users  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research based evidence for provision of powered mobility to disabled infants and children is a growing area of concern for the child, their families and the clinicians involved with the assessment and prescription of equipment. A review of the main literature on powered mobility studies with children identifies gaps which need to be addressed in terms of normal development, play

Josephine Durkin

2002-01-01

346

The Positive Effects of Early Powered Mobility on Children's Psychosocial and Play Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Powered mobility can have an important cognitive and psychosocial impact on young children who are unable to move independently. Twenty-three children with physical disabilities between the ages of 18 months and 6 years participated in this study. Data evaluating social skills, frequency of mobility play activities, frequency of interaction with…

Guerette, Paula; Furumasu, Jan; Tefft, Donita

2013-01-01

347

The Impact of Early Powered Mobility on Parental Stress, Negative Emotions, and Family Social Interactions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Powered mobility has been found to have positive effects on young children with severe physical disabilities, but the impact on the family has been less well documented. We evaluated the impact of early powered mobility on parental stress, negative emotions, perceived social interactions, and parental satisfaction with wheelchair characteristics…

Tefft, Donita; Guerette, Paula; Furumasu, Jan

2011-01-01

348

The Positive Effects of Early Powered Mobility on Children's Psychosocial and Play Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Powered mobility can have an important cognitive and psychosocial impact on young children who are unable to move independently. Twenty-three children with physical disabilities between the ages of 18 months and 6 years participated in this study. Data evaluating social skills, frequency of mobility play activities, frequency of interaction with…

Guerette, Paula; Furumasu, Jan; Tefft, Donita

2013-01-01

349

Using Wearable Sensors to Analyze the Quality of Use of Mobility Assistive Devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many older adults with chronic disabilities and diminished movement abilities use mobility assistive devices such as canes. Once taken home, these mobility assistive devices are commonly misused or not used at all. A means for assessing the use of a cane in the home setting is needed to aid clinicians in the prescription of such devices. In this study, we

Todd Hester; Delsey M. Sherrill; Paolo Bonato; Mathieu Hamel; Karine Perreault; Patrick Boissy

2006-01-01

350

Direct Measurement of Disability  

PubMed Central

Schizophrenia is associated with substantial disability in everyday functioning. Environmental factors, such as disability compensation and opportunities, impact on the ability of people with the illness to perform real-world activities, particularly those that are vocational in nature. Measures of abilities to perform these functions have been developed that measure competence in social, everyday living, and vocational domains. These indices have measurement characteristics consistent with those of neuropsychological tests, indicating that they have the potential to be valid measures of the ability to perform in real-world functional situations. It is our belief that these measures will be widely employed in later research on functioning in schizophrenia, and many of these tests have the potential to be used in clinical settings.

2009-01-01

351

Adolescent sexuality and disability.  

PubMed

Regardless of what our beliefs about sex and disability may be, as health care providers we can promote the health and well being of our patients with disabilities in several ways. First and perhaps foremost, physical and programmatic barriers to accessing general health care including routine gynecologic care must be dramatically reduced. The promise of Title III of the Americans with Disabilities Act must be aggressively extended to our health care system to ensure equal access to routine health care for all. Second, knowledge of community resources that can support the healthy development and exercise of responsible and satisfying sexuality is critical. For example, health care providers should know about adaptive and assistive technologies as well as the use of personal care assistants to support the healthy although sometimes nontypical expression of one's sexuality. Centers for Independent Living are community resources that are often underutilized by the medical profession. These centers--run by and for people with disabilities--are likely resources and allies for providing education, role models, and peer mentoring around relationships, intimacy, sexuality, sexual expression, and parenting with a disability. Finally, sex education is a must and should include the following: Basic facts of life, reproduction, and sexual intercourse; Human growth and development Human reproduction and anatomy Self-pleasuring/masturbation and the use of sexual aids Intimacy and privacy Pregnancy and child birth Contraception and abortion Family life and parenthood Sexual response and consensual sex Sexual orientation Sexual abuse HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases. The question should not be whether sex education is provided to persons with disabilities, but rather how it is most effectively provided. Health sex education must include the development of effective communication skills, decision-making skills, assertiveness, and the ability to say "no." It must also include ways to create satisfying relationships. For more information about sex education as it relates to people with disabilities, the following abbreviated resource list may be helpful: http://www.sexualhealth.com http://www.lookingglass.com Ludwig S, Hingsburger, D. Being sexual: an illustrated series on sexuality and relationships. SIECCAN, 850 Coxwell, Aven., East York, Ontario, M4C 5R1 Tel: 416-466-5304; Fax: 416-778-0785. Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States (SIECUS), 130 West 42nd Street, Suite 350, New York, NY 10036. Tel: 212-819-9770. National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities (NICHCY), P.O. Box 1492, Washington, DC 20013; Tel/TTY: 800-695-0285; Fax: 202-884-8641; Internet: www.nichcy.org Non-Latex Supplies (Ask your pharmacist if not available) Trojan-Supra: http://www.trojancondoms.com Durex-Avanti: http://www.durex.com Female Health Company-FC Female Condom http://www.femalehealth.com Pasante--EzOn http://www.postalcondoms.co.uk (available in Canada and U.K.). PMID:12465564

Neufeld, Jacob A; Klingbeil, Fred; Bryen, Diane Nelson; Silverman, Brett; Thomas, Anila

2002-11-01

352

Processing of Speech Signals for Physical and Sensory Disabilities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Assistive technology involving voice communication is used primarily by people who are deaf, hard of hearing, or who have speech and/or language disabilities. It is also used to a lesser extent by people with visual or motor disabilities. A very wide range of devices has been developed for people with hearing loss. These devices can be categorized not only by the modality of stimulation [i.e., auditory, visual, tactile, or direct electrical stimulation of the auditory nerve (auditory-neural)] but also in terms of the degree of speech processing that is used. At least four such categories can be distinguished: assistive devices (a) that are not designed specifically for speech, (b) that take the average characteristics of speech into account, (c) that process articulatory or phonetic characteristics of speech, and (d) that embody some degree of automatic speech recognition. Assistive devices for people with speech and/or language disabilities typically involve some form of speech synthesis or symbol generation for severe forms of language disability. Speech synthesis is also used in text-to-speech systems for sightless persons. Other applications of assistive technology involving voice communication include voice control of wheelchairs and other devices for people with mobility disabilities.

Levitt, Harry

1995-10-01

353

Processing of speech signals for physical and sensory disabilities.  

PubMed Central

Assistive technology involving voice communication is used primarily by people who are deaf, hard of hearing, or who have speech and/or language disabilities. It is also used to a lesser extent by people with visual or motor disabilities. A very wide range of devices has been developed for people with hearing loss. These devices can be categorized not only by the modality of stimulation [i.e., auditory, visual, tactile, or direct electrical stimulation of the auditory nerve (auditory-neural)] but also in terms of the degree of speech processing that is used. At least four such categories can be distinguished: assistive devices (a) that are not designed specifically for speech, (b) that take the average characteristics of speech into account, (c) that process articulatory or phonetic characteristics of speech, and (d) that embody some degree of automatic speech recognition. Assistive devices for people with speech and/or language disabilities typically involve some form of speech synthesis or symbol generation for severe forms of language disability. Speech synthesis is also used in text-to-speech systems for sightless persons. Other applications of assistive technology involving voice communication include voice control of wheelchairs and other devices for people with mobility disabilities. Images Fig. 4

Levitt, H

1995-01-01

354

Ethics and intellectual disability.  

PubMed

A shift in accepted practice regarding sharing research led one editor to discuss adopting a legal rather than a moral stance to enforce ethical standards. Familiar ethical concerns regarding consent and balancing individual rights against those of others are considered, alongside lacunae in the field, by drawing on virtue ethics. Reappraisals of quality of life, person-centered planning and normalization are discussed, concluding that developing ethical relationships with people who have intellectual disability takes precedence over client competency. PMID:15719520

Clegg, J

1999-09-01

355

Facets of Learning Disabilities  

PubMed Central

The family physician who is asked to see a child with school problems will first have to rule out physical and neurological handicaps. While he will be able in most cases to say what the child's learning difficulty is, he will need the results of psycho-linguistic testing to determine whether the child is suffering from a real disability (dyslexia, dysgraphia, perceptual motor difficulties) or whether the child's school problems are due to other reasons.

Rebhan, Augusta W.

1971-01-01

356

Disability Does Not Discriminate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author talks about the "it can't happen to me" mentality, which makes humans think they are physically invincible and have been guilty of thinking so. The author learned the danger of the "it can't happen to me" syndrome when she was disabled in a car accident in February 1994. The accident happened when she was 21 years old,…

Alexander, Amy Elizabeth

2008-01-01

357

Disabling Radiological Dispersal Terror  

SciTech Connect

Terror resulting from the use of a radiological dispersal device (RDD) relies upon an individual's lack of knowledge and understanding regarding its significance. Disabling this terror will depend upon realistic reviews of the current conservative radiation protection regulatory standards. It will also depend upon individuals being able to make their own informed decisions merging perceived risks with reality. Preparation in these areas will reduce the effectiveness of the RDD and may even reduce the possibility of its use.

Hart, M

2002-11-08

358

Disability-Selective Abortion and the Americans with Disabilities Act  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Article examines the influence of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) on affective attitudes toward children with disabilities and on the incidence of disability-selective abortion. Applying regression analysis to U.S. natality data, we find that the birthrate of children with Down syndrome declined significantly in the years following the ADA’s passage. Controlling for technological, demographic, and cultural variables suggests

Dov Fox; Griffin Christopher L. Jr

2009-01-01

359

Postoperative Adverse Outcomes in Intellectually Disabled Surgical Patients: A Nationwide Population-Based Study  

PubMed Central

Background Intellectually disabled patients have various comorbidities, but their risks of adverse surgical outcomes have not been examined. This study assesses pre-existing comorbidities, adjusted risks of postoperative major morbidities and mortality in intellectually disabled surgical patients. Methods A nationwide population-based study was conducted in patients who underwent inpatient major surgery in Taiwan between 2004 and 2007. Four controls for each patient were randomly selected from the National Health Insurance Research Database. Preoperative major comorbidities, postoperative major complications and 30-day in-hospital mortality were compared between patients with and without intellectual disability. Use of medical services also was analyzed. Adjusted odds ratios using multivariate logistic regression analyses with 95% confidence intervals were applied to verify intellectual disability's impact. Results Controls were compared with 3983 surgical patients with intellectual disability. Risks for postoperative major complications were increased in patients with intellectual disability, including acute renal failure (odds ratio 3.81, 95% confidence interval 2.28 to 6.37), pneumonia (odds ratio 2.01, 1.61 to 2.49), postoperative bleeding (odds ratio 1.35, 1.09 to 1.68) and septicemia (odds ratio 2.43, 1.85 to 3.21) without significant differences in overall mortality. Disability severity was positively correlated with postoperative septicemia risk. Medical service use was also significantly higher in surgical patients with intellectual disability. Conclusion Intellectual disability significantly increases the risk of overall major complications after major surgery. Our findings show a need for integrated and revised protocols for postoperative management to improve care for intellectually disabled surgical patients.

Lin, Jui-An; Liao, Chien-Chang; Chang, Chuen-Chau; Chang, Hang; Chen, Ta-Liang

2011-01-01

360

Sleep Quality and Functional Disability in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis  

PubMed Central

Study Objectives: Disturbed sleep is a common complaint in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The majority of the research investigating relationships between sleep and patient-reported outcomes in RA has focused on pain and depression. Poor sleep may also affect disability, though this association has not been explored in RA. The present study represents a cross-sectional examination of the relationship between sleep quality and functional disability in 162 patients with RA. Depression, pain severity, and fatigue were examined as separate mediators of the relationship between sleep quality and disability. Methods: The sample had an average age of 58.47 years, and 76% were female. Participants completed the following questionnaires as part of a medication adherence intervention study: Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Beck Depression Inventory-II, Medical Outcomes Study Short Form - 36, and the Health Assessment Questionnaire. Results: Poor sleep quality was significantly correlated with higher levels of depressive symptoms, greater pain severity, increased fatigue, and greater functional disability. Hierarchical regression analyses showed that sleep quality was not associated with functional disability when depression, pain severity, and fatigue were entered into the model. Separate mediation analyses of depression, pain severity, and fatigue revealed that pain severity and fatigue were mediators of the relationship between sleep quality and disability. Conclusions: Sleep quality has an indirect effect on functional disability through its relationship with pain severity and fatigue. Future research should investigate whether improvements in sleep can reduce disability in patients with RA. Citation: Luyster FS; Chasens ER; Wasko MCM; Dunbar-Jacob J. Sleep quality and functional disability in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. J Clin Sleep Med 2011;7(1):49-55.

Luyster, Faith S.; Chasens, Eileen R.; Wasko, Mary Chester M.; Dunbar-Jacob, Jacqueline

2011-01-01

361

Working Together: Computers and People with Mobility Impairments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This brief paper describes several computing tools that have been effectively used by individuals with mobility impairments. Emphasis is on tasks to be completed and how the individuals abilities (not disabilities), with possible assistance from technology, can be used to accomplish them. Preliminary information addresses the importance of…

Washington Univ., Seattle.

362

Overcoming Challenges: "Going Mobile with Your Own Video Models"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Video modeling has been shown to be an effective intervention for students with a variety of disabilities. Traditional video models present problems in terms of application across meaningful settings, such as in the community or even across the school environment. However, with advances in mobile technology, portable devices with video capability…

Carnahan, Christina R.; Basham, James D.; Christman, Jennifer; Hollingshead, Aleksandra

2012-01-01

363

Occupational asthma in a national disability survey  

SciTech Connect

The contribution of workplace exposures to the prevalence of asthma in adults has been minimized in the epidemiology of this illness. Analysis of the 1978 Social Security Disability Survey provides a population-based assessment as a novel approach utilizing self-attributed, occupationally related asthma as a measure of disease. Of 6063 respondents, 468 (7.7 percent) identified asthma as a personal medical condition; 72 (1.2 percent (15.4 percent of all those with asthma)) attributed it to workplace exposures. These subjects were older and included more men and cigarette smokers than groups of both asthmatic and nonasthmatic subjects. The relative risk for occupationally attributed asthma was elevated among industrial and agricultural workers as compared with white collar and service occupations. Analysis of disability benefit status did not indicate that this introduced major reporting bias in this survey. This study suggests that occupational factors may have a greater role in adult asthma than previously thought.

Blanc, P.

1987-10-01

364

Children with mathematics learning disabilities in Belgium.  

PubMed

In Belgium, between 3% and 8% of the children in elementary schools have mathematics learning disabilities (MLD). Many of these children have less developed linguistic, procedural, and mental representation skills. Moreover, a majority of the children have been found to show inaccurate prediction and evaluation skills in Grade 3. MLD often become obvious in elementary school. Whereas some children are retained, others are referred to special education. During the last 10 years, the number of children in special education and the number of children with learning disabilities who are following a special guidance program in general education (inclusive education) have increased. Children in Belgium with MLD can get therapy for about 2 years. Nevertheless, many problems continue unresolved even in high school and adulthood. PMID:15493467

Desoete, Annemie; Roeyers, Herbert; De Clercq, Armand

365

Adaptive security protocol selection for mobile computing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mobile computing paradigm has introduced new problems for application developers. Challenges include heterogeneity of hardware, software, and communication protocols, variability of resource limitations and varying wireless channel quality. In this scenario, security becomes a major concern for mobile users and applications. Security requirements for each application are different, as well as the hardware capabilities of each device. To make

B Pontes Soares Rocha; Daniel N. O. Costa; Rande A. Moreira; Cristiano G. Rezende; Antonio Alfredo Ferreira Loureiro; Azzedine Boukerche

2010-01-01

366

Understanding Learning Disabilities and Substance Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide is designed to assist people with learning disabilities to recognize their disabilities and the connection between learning disabilities and substance abuse. It begins by defining learning disabilities and providing a self-test checklist for common signs and symptoms of learning disabilities. Difficulties with organization, memory,…

Star, Nonnie; Shadoff, Sander

367

Disability And Health Care Spending Among Medicare  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper forecasts the impact of changing disability rates on spending by Medicare beneficiaries. We adjust for differential changes in spending by the disabled be- cause the composition of the disabled population and the intensity of their treatment are changing. Among community-dwelling elderly, spending growth among the least disabled grew more quickly than among the most disabled, which offsets some

Michael E. Chernew; Dana P. Goldman; Feng Pan; Baoping Shang

368

Creating accessible groups for individuals with disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article supports the important work of group counselors by focusing on the inclusion of individuals with disabilities in non-disability specific groups and addressing disability myths, disability etiquette, architectural accessibility, and group process issues.SUMMARYAlthough they represent the largest minority group in the United States, the 43 million Americans with disabilities have had limited opportunities for full participation in society. Individuals

Jeanne Boland Patterson; Brian McKenzie; James Jenkins

1995-01-01

369

Recent trends in assistive technology for mobility.  

PubMed

Loss of physical mobility makes maximal participation in desired activities more difficult and in the worst case fully prevents participation. This paper surveys recent work in assistive technology to improve mobility for persons with a disability, drawing on examples observed during a tour of academic and industrial research sites in Europe. The underlying theme of this recent work is a more seamless integration of the capabilities of the user and the assistive technology. This improved integration spans diverse technologies, including powered wheelchairs, prosthetic limbs, functional electrical stimulation, and wearable exoskeletons. Improved integration is being accomplished in three ways: 1) improving the assistive technology mechanics; 2) improving the user-technology physical interface; and 3) sharing of control between the user and the technology. We provide an overview of these improvements in user-technology integration and discuss whether such improvements have the potential to be transformative for people with mobility impairments. PMID:22520500

Cowan, Rachel E; Fregly, Benjamin J; Boninger, Michael L; Chan, Leighton; Rodgers, Mary M; Reinkensmeyer, David J

2012-04-20

370

Recent trends in assistive technology for mobility  

PubMed Central

Loss of physical mobility makes maximal participation in desired activities more difficult and in the worst case fully prevents participation. This paper surveys recent work in assistive technology to improve mobility for persons with a disability, drawing on examples observed during a tour of academic and industrial research sites in Europe. The underlying theme of this recent work is a more seamless integration of the capabilities of the user and the assistive technology. This improved integration spans diverse technologies, including powered wheelchairs, prosthetic limbs, functional electrical stimulation, and wearable exoskeletons. Improved integration is being accomplished in three ways: 1) improving the assistive technology mechanics; 2) improving the user-technology physical interface; and 3) sharing of control between the user and the technology. We provide an overview of these improvements in user-technology integration and discuss whether such improvements have the potential to be transformative for people with mobility impairments.

2012-01-01

371

Mobile video stories  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this article is to test how different narrative structures work in mobile video storytelling applications for creative arts. Especially, we are interested in stories made with the mobile phone and for the mobile phone i.e. they are supposed to be viewed on the mobile phone. In addition, we present a new mobile social video service and demo

Jari Multisilta; Marjo Mäenpää

2008-01-01

372

Disability and work: risk assessment.  

PubMed

Recent parliamentary debate has brought the rights of disabled people back into the spotlight of media attention. In the workplace, the occupational health nurse (OHN) is uniquely placed to make a positive contribution to the achievement of equal opportunities for people with disabilities. The author describes a risk assessment approach to the occupational health and safety of disabled persons and their employers. Such approaches can help to ensure that the work skills of all employees are used to maximum potential. PMID:7727257

Meusz, C

373

Civil rights extended to disabled.  

PubMed

Largely unnoticed for more than a quarter century, disabilities groups have waged a fight to extend equal rights and opportunities protection to an estimated 43 million Americans with disabilities. On July 26, 1990, President Bush signed landmark legislation dear to the disabled into law. To ensure an easier and smoother transition and compliance for their organizations, physician executives should have a general understanding of the law and its ramifications. PMID:10170801

Reedy, J

374

Psychological benefit of diagnostic certainty for mothers of children with disabilities: Lessons from Down syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Diagnostic and prognostic uncertainty is one of the major psychological stressors for patients in acute and chronic illness, as well as for parents of children with disabilities or chronic disease. Whereas the parents' feeling of uncertainty is undoubtedly very strong shortly after the birth of a child with disabilities, the long-term effects on the parents of having or not having

W. Lenhard; E. Breitenbach; H. Ebert; H. J. Schindelhauer-Deutscher; W. Henn

2005-01-01

375

Meeting the Unique Needs of Minorities with Disabilities. A Report to the President and the Congress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents results of a 1992 conference on the unique needs of minorities with disabilities. Major recommendations include: increased coordination of government policies and programs for this population; authorization of targeted research on minorities with disabilities; outreach efforts to ensure participation by minorities with…

Wright, Tennyson J., Ed.; Leung, Paul, Ed.

376

Identification of Disabilities and Service Receipt among Preschool Children Living in Poverty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the prevalence of indicators of disability or potential disability among preschool-aged children enrolled in the Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Longitudinal Follow-Up. Three categories of indicators were established: received Part B services, developmental risk, and biological risk. The majority of participating…

Peterson, Carla A.; Wall, Shavaun; Jeon, Hyun-Joo; Swanson, Mark E.; Carta, Judith J.; Luze, Gayle J.; Eshbaugh, Elaine

2013-01-01

377

The nature and treatment of compulsions, obsessions, and rituals in people with developmental disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developmental disabilities such as intellectual disability and autism are often accompanied by special sets of behaviors which are major challenges for the person and those in their community. Among the most worrisome of these are compulsions, rituals and obsessions. Often these behaviors are left untreated; however, when intervention does occur it is often with pharmacotherapy. There are psychological treatments for

Johnny L. Matson; Timothy Dempsey

2009-01-01

378

Disability Research in Counseling Psychology Journals: A 20-Year Content Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We conducted an exploratory content analysis of disability research in 5 major counseling psychology journals between 1990 and 2010. The goal was to review the counseling psychology literature to better understand the prevalence of disability research, identify research methods most often conducted, and elucidate the types of concerns most…

Foley-Nicpon, Megan; Lee, Sharon

2012-01-01

379

Colorado State Plan for the Developmentally Disabled: Master Planning Guide for Instructional Objectives. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A product of joint effort between the Colorado Department of Institutions and the Division of Developmental Disabilities, the guide presents hierarchically arranged instructional objectives to determine goals for developmentally disabled persons. The most advanced skills are listed first with basic skills following for four major categories:…

Shibata, Paul

380

Campus to Career Mentor Project for Students with Disabilities. Project Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This project attempted to improve the career preparedness of college students with disabilities by providing them with career transition workshops and professional mentors. Major activities included: (1) recruitment and matching of 58 students with disabilities and 46 mentors, combined with mentor training; (2) workshops for staff and students…

Koehmstedt, Steve; Edman, Jeff; Contreras, Angel; Campisi, Catherine; Longmore, Paul; Kilbourne, Joan

381

Disability and physical activity in late life—research models and approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prevention of disability in late life has become a major public health concern, a key area of ageing research, and also an important target for the development of effective interventions. The increase in life expectancy and the resulting growth of the elderly population are also thought to be driving up the number of elderly people with disabilities. Despite the message

E. Heikkinen

2006-01-01

382

The Effect of the American with Disabilities Act on Public Education Expenditures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the American with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 were enacted in order to protect the rights of individuals with disabilities. These two laws have had a major impact on public schools, their offerings of services and their budgets. The purpose of the present study was to determine if passage of the

Mark P. Gius

2005-01-01

383

Developing Respite Care: A Support Service for Families with Disabled Members.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes respite care, a temporary relief service for families with developmentally disabled members at home, as an essential element in preventing institutionalization of disabled persons. Major approaches for providing respite care are identified. The advantages and disadvantages of the different approaches are discussed. (Author/JAC)|

Upshur, Carole C.

1983-01-01

384

Legal Redress For Disability Discrimination: Bob, Carol, Ted and Alice Encounter Aids  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article proposes to explore this compelling question. Disability discrimination, a relatively new area of civil rights protection, is a concern not only to people with disabilities, who are estimated at about 35 million in the United States, but to a majority of employers, businesses providing services and goods to the public, and governmental entities. This article will focus on

Penn Lerblance

2010-01-01

385

Examination of Adaptive Behavior Differences in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders and Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and intellectual disabilities (ID) are high prevalence developmental disabilities that co-occur at high rates. Furthermore, Axis I psychopathology is known to occur more frequently in individuals with ID than the general population. The problems are lifelong and can be major impediments to independent living.…

Matson, Johnny L.; Rivet, Tessa T.; Fodstad, Jill C.; Dempsey, Timothy; Boisjoli, Jessica A.

2009-01-01

386

33 CFR 165.835 - Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. 165.835 Section 165.835 Navigation and Navigable Waters...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. (a) Definition. As used in this sectionâ Cruise...

2010-07-01

387

33 CFR 165.835 - Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. 165.835 Section 165.835 Navigation and Navigable Waters...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. (a) Definition. As used in this sectionâ Cruise...

2009-07-01

388

Integrated communication/environmental controller system for the physically disabled.  

PubMed

A wireless integrated communication/environmental controller system (ICECS) is described, which offers total communication as well as environmental control for the disabled person. The system is flexible and simple enough to be used from the wheelchair by patients with spinal cord injuries. The system has three parts: the mobile unit, the base unit, and a set of remote-control receiver modules. The mobile unit and the base unit are linked together by radio, while the base unit and the remote receiver modules communicate over a power line carrier. The telephone mode allows telephone calls to be placed and received. Different electrical devices are controlled by the environmental control mode. The intercom mode permits two-way communication with an attendant or the nursing station. The modes can be switched simply by pressing a button on the mobile unit. Sixteen soft-touch switches arranged in a 4 X 4 matrix allow operation by hand or mouthstick. PMID:2950838

Fatehi, M T; Balmaseda, M T; Koozekanani, S H

1987-03-01

389

Comprehension of humor in children with nonverbal learning disabilities, reading disabilities, and without learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The normal development of humor in children has been well documented with a predictable course that is tied to social, cognitive,\\u000a and linguistic development in children. This study explored humor comprehension in children with nonverbal learning disabilities\\u000a (NVLD). Children with NVLD were compared with children with reading disabilities and a comparison group of children with no\\u000a learning disabilities to assess

Margaret Semrud-Clikeman; Kimberly Glass

2008-01-01

390

Social Security Disability Insurance. Training Module.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Administration and Sources of Law; Comparison of Disability Programs; Widow(er)s and Surviving Spouses; Application Process; Non-Medical Eligibility Criteria; Definition of Disability; Sequential Evaluation of Disability; Appeals Process; Post-E...

1999-01-01

391

Len Barton, Inclusion and Critical Disability Studies: Theorising Disabled Childhoods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Len Barton has pioneered the sociological study of education in the areas of disability studies and inclusive education. This paper addresses an argument developed by Len Barton that social exclusion, of which disablism is one element, (1) has many compounding forms of differing exclusions, (2) is not a natural but a socially constructed process,…

Goodley, Dan; Runswick-Cole, Katherine

2010-01-01

392

The Americans with disabilities act, mental disability, and employment practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examines the response of employers to the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), with a specific focus on the employment of those with mental disabilities. A telephone survey was completed in a metropolitan area in the southern United States with a random sample of 117 businesses. In terms of specific practices that indicated compliance with the ADA, 15% had

Teresa L. Scheid

1998-01-01

393

Len Barton, Inclusion and Critical Disability Studies: Theorising Disabled Childhoods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Len Barton has pioneered the sociological study of education in the areas of disability studies and inclusive education. This paper addresses an argument developed by Len Barton that social exclusion, of which disablism is one element, (1) has many compounding forms of differing exclusions, (2) is not a natural but a socially constructed process,…

Goodley, Dan; Runswick-Cole, Katherine

2010-01-01

394

The Law's Understanding of Intellectual Disability as a Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Intellectual disability (ID) is differently yet validly described by different professions. Legal professionals find it most useful to consider ID as a disability rather than a disorder. Because the law regulates the actions of individuals in a society and the actions of society on an individual, the law's concern in dealing with a person with ID…

Ellis, James W.

2013-01-01

395

Motorized wheelchair driving by disabled children.  

PubMed

Thirteen children with physical disabilities, normal intelligence and stable family situations were studied to learn whether children under age 4 years could learn competent control of a motorized wheelchair. Their mean age was 31.3 months (range 20 to 37 months). There were six girls and seven boys. Each child required adaptive seating to manipulate the control stick in a conventional motorized wheelchair. Without specific training instructions, parents introduced the wheelchairs under pleasant circumstances at home. Daily logs and engine-hour-meters indicate that 12 children learned seven pre-established driving skills within a mean cumulative period of 34.4 hours (range 6.6 to 168 hours) distributed over an average 16.3 days (range 3 to 50 days). Actual cumulative wheelchair movement averaged 8.1 hours (range 1.7 to 26.1 hours). All learned a cluster of four to five skills over a one to five day period. Start-stop and circling were the two initial skills in all but one case. In four children, the first skill appeared after a latent period of 5, 6, 12 and 43 days. Children as young as 24 months can learn to drive motorized wheelchairs. Because of the theoretical importance of approximating normal gross motor milestones, powered mobility should be considered an early rehabilitative intervention for physically disabled children. PMID:6230066

Butler, C; Okamoto, G A; McKay, T M

1984-02-01

396

Managing Disability From Stroke  

PubMed Central

Strokes are the single greatest neurological cause of disability, yet many stroke patients do not ever reach a specialized stroke rehabilitation unit. For those remaining in the hospital to which they were first admitted, active medical involvement may decline dramatically once the diagnosis has been made. However, the family physician can play an active role in managing post-stroke patients, enhancing their functional recovery and achieving successful discharge back into the community. This article describes post-diagnosis management of stroke, discharge planning, and post-discharge follow-up.

Clifford, John C.

1986-01-01

397

PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES OF A SCALE TO ASSESS THE SEVERITY OF BATHING DISABILITY  

PubMed Central

Objective To develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of a new bathing disability scale. Design Reliability and validity study. Setting General community. Participants Two subsets of community-living older persons, selected from an ongoing longitudinal study, who had some degree of bathing disability or were at increased risk for bathing disability, as determined during a comprehensive assessment at 36 (N=199) and 54 (N=213) months, respectively. Interventions Not applicable. Main Outcome Measures The bathing disability scale was administered at 36, 54, and 72 months and changes in scores were assessed between 36 and 54 months and 54 and 72 months, respectively, for the two subsets of participants. Convergent construct validity was evaluated by comparisons with changes in ADL (activities of daily living) disability, mobility disability, and the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB). Discriminative construct validity was determined by comparisons according to age and physical frailty. Responsiveness was evaluated by comparisons between participants who had and had not been hospitalized and, subsequently, by plotting correlations according to the timing of these hospitalizations. Results The test-retest reliability was high, with an intraclass correlation coefficient=0.76 (95% confidence interval, 0.59–0.94). The internal consistency reliability was excellent with Cronbach’s alpha=0.91–0.97. Changes in scores on the bathing disability scale were positively correlated with changes in scores in ADL and mobility disability and inversely correlated with changes in scores on the SPPB. A greater decline in scores was observed among the oldest old and those who were physically frail, but these differences did not consistently achieve statistical significance. The scale was responsive to the occurrence and/or timing of intervening hospitalizations. Conclusions The bathing disability scale is reliable, valid, and responsive and may be suitable for use in clinical trials to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions to enhance independent bathing.

Gill, Thomas M.; Gahbauer, Evelyne A.; Van Ness, Peter H.

2009-01-01

398

The Electronic Disability Record: Purpose, Parameters, and Model Use Case  

PubMed Central

The active engagement of consumers is an important factor in achieving widespread success of health information systems. The disability community represents a major segment of the healthcare arena, with more than 50 million Americans experiencing some form of disability. In keeping with the “consumer-driven” approach to e-health systems, this paper considers the distinctive aspects of electronic and personal health record use by this segment of society. Drawing upon the information shared during two national policy forums on this topic, the authors present the concept of Electronic Disability Records (EDR). The authors outline the purpose and parameters of such records, with specific attention to its ability to organize health and financial data in a manner that can be used to expedite the disability determination process. In doing so, the authors discuss its interaction with Electronic Health Records (EHR) and Personal Health Records (PHR). The authors then draw upon these general parameters to outline a model use case for disability determination and discuss related implications for disability health management. The paper further reports on the subsequent considerations of these and related deliberations by the American Health Information Community (AHIC).

Tulu, Bengisu; Horan, Thomas A.

2009-01-01

399

MODELING OF WIRELESS MOBILE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM USING Z NOTATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we make an effort to model complex and dynamic domain of wireless mobile networks using emerging software engineering practices. Wireless mobile networks enable user to access information and services at any geographic location. The major setback of existing wireless network models is the poor service quality and undesirable user disconnections due to mobility. Formal method is the

Saima Tariq; Nazir Ahmad Zafar

400

Mobile data traffic analysis: How do you prefer watching videos?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we analyze an anonymized packet trace of mobile handset data traffic from a major European mobile Internet Service Provider (ISP). Our goal is to understand the effect of the differences between this traffic and the traffic in wired residential networks. This knowledge can be useful for adapting the network to specific mobile usage. We show that, compared

Louis Plissonneau; Guillaume Vu-Brugier

2010-01-01

401

Collecting Disability Data from Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes the development and national trial of a methodology for collecting disability data directly from parents, enabling schools and local authorities to meet their obligations under the "Disability Discrimination Act" (DDA; 2005) to promote equality of opportunity for all children. It illustrates the complexities around…

Porter, Jill; Daniels, Harry; Feiler, Anthony; Georgeson, Jan

2011-01-01

402

Disability Studies in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As a topic of study, disability is not new at institutions of higher education. Psychological and intellectual disabilities have been of interest in psychiatry and psychology at least since the late 1800s and early 1900s. The post-World War II era, in particular, witnessed the rapid expansion of academic programs in special education, vocational…

Taylor, Steven J.

2011-01-01

403

Performing Determinism: Disability Culture Poetry  

Microsoft Academic Search

“Performing Determinism” discusses the performance of disability through poetry: the instability of language, the ability of words to clasp both generic and specific meaning, and the gaps that surround the performances of self. Disability culture acts as a frame for the inquiry, as the essay discusses crip aesthetics, crip critical practice, and the embodiment of language. In the reading of

Petra Kuppers

2007-01-01

404

Voices of Disability in Nursing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author shares her story of being a nurse with a disability who serves people with disabilities and older adults. She recounts her experience of what it is like to be stigmatized, marginalized, and to have lowered expectations because of her difference. The author had no right arm save about six inches from the shoulder down.…

Perkins, Liz

2009-01-01

405

Adults with Learning Disabilities Redux.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This introductory article on adults with learning disabilities considers historical antecedents, the role of public policy (the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the 1975 Education for All Handicapped Children Act), the movement within the field of learning disabilities emphasizing transition to adulthood, and the continuance of public policy…

Gerber, Paul J.

2003-01-01

406

Developing Positive Attitudes about Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This unit of study aims to help students understand that persons with disabilities are more alike than different from persons without disabilities, to help students appreciate that all people regardless of differences are valuable and worthwhile, to offer students hands-on activities to help them become sensitive to the differences in the lives of…

Lander, Carole R.

407

Voices of Disability in Nursing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author shares her story of being a nurse with a disability who serves people with disabilities and older adults. She recounts her experience of what it is like to be stigmatized, marginalized, and to have lowered expectations because of her difference. The author had no right arm save about six inches from the shoulder down.…

Perkins, Liz

2009-01-01

408

Disability and the Education System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Education is important for all children, but even more so for children with disabilities, whose social and economic opportunities may be limited. In this article, Laudan Aron and Pamela Loprest assess how well the nation's education system is serving students with disabilities. Aron and Loprest trace the evolution of the special education system in the United States from its origins

Laudan Aron; Pamela Loprest

2012-01-01

409

Social Work Education and Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social work has a long history in the areas of rehabilitation and work with people with disabilities, at least as far as medical social work is concerned. During the 1960s, funding and opportunities in the area of disability and rehabilitation provided opportunities for an increased involvement of social workers. in the last two decades, however, social work has virtually relinquished

Peggy Quinn

1996-01-01

410

Dyslexia: Problems of Reading Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this book is to provide an understanding of both the educational and medical aspects of reading and to show how they are interrelated in reading disabilities. The various aspects of reading disabilities are presented in the following chapters: Introduction to the Reading Problem; Early Predictive Studies; Psychological Evaluation;…

Goldberg, Herman K.; Schiffman, Gilbert B.

411

Neurological Aspects of Reading Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author, a neurologist, looks at the nature of reading disabilities. He suggests that many reading disabilities are the result of normal constitutional differences and that the term "minimal brain dysfunction" is rarely appropriate and does not help the remediation process. Noted are various theories which relate neurology and reading ability.…

Nelson, Louis R.

412

The Learning Disabled Adult Offender.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the prevalence of learning disabilities among 189 male inmates in a county jail setting. If inmates scored below the sixth-grade level, they were further tested. From this procedure, it was concluded that there is a much higher rate of learning disabilities among the adult offender population than among the general…

Tevis, Marlan P.; Orem, Richard A.

1985-01-01

413

Cognitive Development and Adolescent Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The author offers clinical examples of ways in which the attainment of formal operations in adolescents both exacerbates chronic disabilities and contributes to the etiology of new disabilities (such as in teenage obesity, anorexia nervosa, and depression). He suggests treatment guidelines. (CL)|

Elkind, David

1985-01-01

414

EVIDENCE OF DISABILITY AFTER DAUBERT  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors provide an overview of the legal elements of the prima facie case of disability discrimination under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and examine the impact of expert evidence in ADA litigation. The authors then present a model for classifying and understanding admissibility determinations involving scientific knowledge and clinical observations in cases brought under ADA. The model may

Peter David Blanck; Heidi M. Berven

1999-01-01

415

Social Security Definition of Disability.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

When the Social Security Disability Insurance (DI) program was enacted in 1956, it was intended for the 'totally and permanently disabled,' a population for whom work was not an option. But over the past half-century, there have been many changes in the S...

2003-01-01

416

Hypermedia Interaction for the Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Special types of prosthetic devices have been designed to support the specific needs of disabled and handicapped computer users in retrieving information. Of particular importance are interfaces based on the use of sound, tactile operations, and gestures. Such interfaces may be used to provide disabled people with access to hypermedia…

Barker, Philip

1992-01-01

417

Information Technology and Disabilities (ITD)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Electronic Journal: Information Technology and Disabilities: Refereed journal focussed on the development and effective use of new and emerging technologies by computer users with disabilities. Founded by EASI (Equal Access to Software and Information), topics include issues affecting rehabilitation counselors, human resources professionals, and developers of adaptive computer hardware and software products.

1994-01-01

418

Disabled Superheroes in Comic Books.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author reviews the role of "superhero" in comic books, finding five prominent characters with disabilities. He suggests that sales of these comic books are due, in part, to unique gimmicks in the character, but may also reflect increased acceptance within the society of successful disabled role models. (Author/CL)

Kokaska, Charles J.

1984-01-01

419

Cognitive Development and Adolescent Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author offers clinical examples of ways in which the attainment of formal operations in adolescents both exacerbates chronic disabilities and contributes to the etiology of new disabilities (such as in teenage obesity, anorexia nervosa, and depression). He suggests treatment guidelines. (CL)

Elkind, David

1985-01-01

420

Disability Mediates the Impact of Common Conditions on Perceived Health  

PubMed Central

Background We examined the extent to which disability mediates the observed associations of common mental and physical conditions with perceived health. Methods and Findings WHO World Mental Health (WMH) Surveys carried out in 22 countries worldwide (n?=?51,344 respondents, 72.0% response rate). We assessed nine common mental conditions with the WHO Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI), and ten chronic physical with a checklist. A visual analog scale (VAS) score (0, worst to 100, best) measured perceived health in the previous 30 days. Disability was assessed using a modified WHO Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS), including: cognition, mobility, self-care, getting along, role functioning (life activities), family burden, stigma, and discrimination. Path analysis was used to estimate total effects of conditions on perceived health VAS and their separate direct and indirect (through the WHODAS dimensions) effects. Twelve-month prevalence was 14.4% for any mental and 51.4% for any physical condition. 31.7% of respondents reported difficulties in role functioning, 11.4% in mobility, 8.3% in stigma, 8.1% in family burden and 6.9% in cognition. Other difficulties were much less common. Mean VAS score was 81.0 (SD?=?0.1). Decrements in VAS scores were highest for neurological conditions (9.8), depression (8.2) and bipolar disorder (8.1). Across conditions, 36.8% (IQR: 31.2–51.5%) of the total decrement in perceived health associated with the condition were mediated by WHODAS disabilities (significant for 17 of 19 conditions). Role functioning was the dominant mediator for both mental and physical conditions. Stigma and family burden were also important mediators for mental conditions, and mobility for physical conditions. Conclusions More than a third of the decrement in perceived health associated with common conditions is mediated by disability. Although the decrement is similar for physical and mental conditions, the pattern of mediation is different. Research is needed on the benefits for perceived health of targeted interventions aimed at particular disability dimensions.

Alonso, Jordi; Vilagut, Gemma; Adroher, Nuria D.; Chatterji, Somnath; He, Yanling; Andrade, Laura Helena; Bromet, Evelyn; Bruffaerts, Ronny; Fayyad, John; Florescu, Silvia; de Girolamo, Giovanni; Gureje, Oye; Haro, Josep Maria; Hinkov, Hristo; Hu, Chiyi; Iwata, Noboru; Lee, Sing; Levinson, Daphna; Lepine, Jean Pierre; Matschinger, Herbert; Medina-Mora, Maria Elena; O'Neill, Siobhan; Hormel, J.; Posada-Villa, Jose A.; Ismet Taib, Nezar; Xavier, Miguel; Kessler, Ronald C.

2013-01-01

421

Physical Access Barriers to Care for Diagnosis and Treatment of Breast Cancer Among Women with Mobility Impairments  

PubMed Central

Objective To explore the perceptions of breast cancer patients with mobility impairments of the physical accessibility of health care equipment and facilities Research Approach One- to two-hour individual interviews, audiotaped Setting Interviews in homes or workplaces or by telephone Participants 20 women with chronic mobility impairments who developed early-stage breast cancer before age 60; 3 recruited from oncologist panels and 17 from informal networks of disabled women nationwide Methodologic Approach Qualitative analyses of interview transcripts to identify common themes Main Research Variables Extent and nature of mobility impairments; concerns raised by interviewees about barriers to care Findings The 20 participants identified problems with inaccessible equipment, including mammography machines, examining tables, and weight scales. Sometimes women needed to insist on being transferred to an examining table when physicians preferred to examine them seated in their wheelchairs. When staff would transfer them, patients feared injury; patients felt badly when clinical personnel were injured during transfers. Other problems included difficulties with positioning and handling patients’ uncontrollable movements. Even when clinical sites had accessible equipment, this equipment was sometimes unavailable when the woman arrived for her appointment. Conclusions Women with major mobility problems who developed breast cancer confronted numerous physical barriers during the course of their breast cancer diagnosis and treatment. Interpretation With the aging of “baby boomers,” increasing numbers of persons seeking health care services will have mobility impairments. Health care providers should plan proactively to accommodate these patients by considering accessibility whenever they acquire new equipment, renovate older structures, or build new facilities. They should also establish policies and procedures to assure that accessible equipment is available during appointments of people who need it and that staff are trained in safe transferring procedures. Ensuring accommodations and accessibility will benefit not only patients with impaired mobility but also clinical staff.

Iezzoni, Lisa I.; Kilbridge, Kerry; Park, Elyse R.

2010-01-01

422

Are Mobile Payment and Banking the Killer Apps for Mobile Commerce?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile commerce had been expected to become a major force of e-commerce in the 21st century. However, the rhetoric has far exceeded the reality so far. While academics and practitioners have presented many views about the lack of rapid growth of mobile commerce, we submit that the anticipated mobile commerce take-off hinges on the emergence of a few killer apps.

Xiangpei Hu; Wenli Li; Qing Hu

2008-01-01

423

Estimated costs of malingered disability.  

PubMed

The feigning of disabling illness for the purpose of disability compensation, or "malingering," is common in Social Security Disability examinations, occurring in 45.8%-59.7% of adult cases. In this study, we estimated the costs of malingering based on mental disorder data published by the Social Security Administration. At the most widely accepted base rate of malingering in medicolegal cases involving external incentive, costs were high, totaling $20.02 billion in 2011 for adult mental disorder claimants. Moreover, these figures clearly underestimate the costs of the larger problem with feigned disability in both adults and children. We urge a change in Social Security policies to allow the use of validity testing in the examination for disability claims. PMID:23800432

Chafetz, Michael; Underhill, James

2013-06-25

424

Accommodating dental students with disabilities.  

PubMed

The passage of The American with Disabilities Act (ADA) has broadened the legal protection afforded students with disabilities. Since it is most likely that dental schools, or their parent universities, have been in compliance with the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, they should experience minor additional requirements, in the academic arena, from the ADA. Dental schools increasingly will be asked to consider the special needs of disabled students, and may encounter conflicts between students' accommodation needs and clinical requirements and academic standards. This paper reviews federal law that protects the disabled from discrimination. More specifically, federal court decisions that have interpreted federal law were examined to see how the respective interests of disabled professional students and school administrators were treated. PMID:7962911

Keyes, G G

1994-10-01

425

Skinfold Measurements Enhance Nutrition Assessments and Care Planning for Children With Developmental Delays and Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children with developmental delays or disabilities (DDs) may differ from typically developing children in body composition. Alterations in muscle tone, delayed motor development, and impaired mobility may affect the development of lean muscle tissue in children with developmental challenges. Studies show that children with diverse developmental disorders such as cerebral palsy (CP), spina bifida, Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS), and premature birth

Trudi F. Bellou

2011-01-01

426

Development of a general purpose robot arm for use by disabled and elderly at home  

Microsoft Academic Search

Robots to assist disabled persons is a challenging area that include most aspects as demanding tasks, partly un- structured environment and to some extent autonomous behavior. The on-going MATS project focuses on a robot system that meet requirements on performing do- mestic tasks within environments as kitchen, bathroom and living room. The system has mobility within a home environment by

Gunnar Bolmsjö; Magnus Olsson; Ulf Lorentzon

427

Therapeutic Riding for a Student with Multiple Disabilities and Visual Impairment: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A 9-year-old with multiple disabilities and visual impairments was the focus of a 10-week developmental therapeutic riding program incorporating hippotherapy. The program has led to increased mobility, an increase in visual attention span and fixation time, signs of greater verbal communication, and the acquisition of new functional signs.…

Lehrman, Jennifer; Ross, David B.

2001-01-01

428

(Instrumental) Activities of Daily Living in Older Adults with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Daily living skills are important to ageing adults with intellectual disabilities (ID). The purpose of this study was to investigate the level of these skills in older adults with ID and to investigate the influence of gender, age, level of ID and mobility on these skills. Daily living skills were measured with the Barthel Index (for Activities…

Hilgenkamp, Thessa I. M.; van Wijck, Ruud; Evenhuis, Heleen M.

2011-01-01

429

Providing O&M Services to Children and Youth with Severe Multiple Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article argues that orientation and mobility (O&M) training should be part of functional and meaningful activities for children and youth with severe multiple disabilities including a visual impairment. Evidence is provided that out-of-context instruction has not been effective, and the role of the O&M instructor is discussed. (DB)|

Bailey, Brent R.; Head, Daniel N.

1993-01-01

430

Feasibility of Quantitative Ultrasound Measurement of the Heel Bone in People with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Low bone mineral density (BMD) and fractures are common in people with intellectual disabilities (ID). Reduced mobility in case of motor impairment and the use of anti-epileptic drugs contribute to the development of low BMD. Quantitative ultrasound (QUS) measurement of the heel bone is a non-invasive and radiation-free method for measuring bone…

Mergler, S.; Lobker, B.; Evenhuis, H. M.; Penning, C.

2010-01-01

431

Feasibility of Quantitative Ultrasound Measurement of the Heel Bone in People with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Low bone mineral density (BMD) and fractures are common in people with intellectual disabilities (ID). Reduced mobility in case of motor impairment and the use of anti-epileptic drugs contribute to the development of low BMD. Quantitative ultrasound (QUS) measurement of the heel bone is a non-invasive and radiation-free method for measuring bone…

Mergler, S.; Lobker, B.; Evenhuis, H. M.; Penning, C.

2010-01-01

432

Assistive and Adaptive Technology--Supporting Competence and Independence in Young Children with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Argues that computers and related technology can be an important asset in the classrooms of young children with disabilities. Suggests that this technology can promote mobility, communication, and learning; increase independence; augment abilities; compensate for learning challenges; overcome learned helplessness; and foster competence and…

Brett, Arlene

1997-01-01

433

20 CFR 404.1511 - Definition of a disabling impairment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Definition of Disability § 404.1511 Definition of a disabling impairment. (a) Disabled workers, persons disabled since childhood and, for months after December 1990, disabled widows, widowers, and surviving divorced spouses. If you...

2013-04-01

434

20 CFR 404.1511 - Definition of a disabling impairment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 false Definition of a disabling impairment...Disability and Blindness Definition of Disability § 404.1511 Definition of a disabling impairment...persons disabled since childhood and, for months...

2009-04-01

435

20 CFR 404.1511 - Definition of a disabling impairment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Definition of a disabling impairment...Disability and Blindness Definition of Disability § 404.1511 Definition of a disabling impairment...persons disabled since childhood and, for months...

2010-04-01

436

Concept Formation of Latin Prefixes in Students with Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This qualitative study examined concept formation of Latin prefixes in three students di- agnosed with learning disabilities through a theme-based analysis. The study had two purposes. Conceptual processes underlying the learning of Latin prefixes were explored through dynamic assessment and Vygotsky's stages of concept formation were empiri- cally tested. There were five major findings in this study. First, when Vygotsky's

Seanna Takacs

437

Influences on Mothers' Employment when Children Have Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Empirical research has highlighted the constraints on mothers' workforce participation when children have disabilities, but the policies and associated strategies needed to address these issues have received less attention. Greater attention to explanatory theory and associated research is needed. The authors' paper identifies major explanatory…

Gordon, Meg; Cuskelly, Monica; Rosenman, Linda

2008-01-01

438

Characteristic Reading Behaviors of Poor Readers Who Have Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Most students who receive special education services have significant difficulties with reading. Because teachers are considered the major source of referral for special education services, they must know the characteristic reading behaviors that distinguish students with reading disabilities. The purpose of this study was to validate…

Bryant, Diane P.; Bryant, Brian R.; Hammill, Donald D.; McCray Sorrells, Audrey; Kethley, Caroline I.

2004-01-01

439

National Disability Policy: A Progress Report, December 2004-December 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report's 13 chapters address disability statistics and research, major trends, statistics, civil rights, Education, health, and long-term services and supports, children and youth, employment and the workforce development system, welfare reform, housing, transportation, assistive technology and telecommunications, international affairs, and…

National Council on Disability, 2006

2006-01-01

440

Americans with Disabilities Act as Amended: Principles and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article provides an overview of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and the 2008 amendments to the act (ADAAA) as well as Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. The article describes the major sections of the ADA, addresses the changes brought about to the ADA and Section 504 as a result of the ADAAA, reviews the outcome of…

Bowman, Lorenzo

2011-01-01

441

Perspectives on Health Care of Adults with Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A focus group study was conducted with individuals with developmental disabilities to understand their perspectives on their health status, health promotion behaviors, and health care services they receive. The majority of participants reported good to excellent health, and all had some form of medical insurance. However, participants reported…

Parish, Susan L.; Moss, Kathryn; Richman, Erica L.

2008-01-01

442

Using Student Learning Communities to Recruit STEM Students with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student Learning Communities (SLCs) for high school and college students with disabilities interested in pursuing science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) degrees were piloted at a major Midwestern university from 2009 to 2011. Students participated in a series of weekly sessions and/or a residential campus experience as part of a…

Izzo, Margaretha Vreeburg; Murray, Alexa; Priest, Sarah; McArrell, Bianca

2011-01-01

443

Sexual Health Care in Persons with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the past, preventive health concerning sexuality of people with intellectual disabilities was addressed through surgical sterilization as part of nationwide eugenic programs in many countries. For more than 30 years now, it has come progressively to light in the scientific literature that, besides major ethical and legal problems, these…

Servais, Laurent

2006-01-01

444

Immersive virtual exercise environment for people with lower body disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the development and evaluation of the use of virtual reality technology, together with appropriately adapted exercises through an augmented reality interface, to create Virtual Exercise Environments (VEEs). These environments allow persons with lower body disabilities to exercise and train just like what people do in real world. The major aim of this research is an architecture to

Shaojie Zhang; P. Pat Banerjee; Cristian Luciano

2011-01-01

445

Strengthening Grief Support for Children with Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although a sizable literature investigates and describes children's grief, the majority of information focuses on typically developing children. Far less has been published about the loss and grief of children with developmental disabilities (DD), even though this population experiences significant and multiple losses, increasing their…

Sormanti, Mary; Ballan, Michelle S.

2011-01-01

446

An interactive computer system for diagnosing learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

over theories and approaches in the field of ~abilities (LD) may be attributed to the relais of the field. One topic which is widely dezg professionals is the diagnosis of learning The majority of tests used to assess poten....... g disabilities have been criticized for probwith validity and reliability. The particular area of ~sment which has received perhaps the most

Marcee M. Steele; John W. Steele

1996-01-01

447

Intervention Strategies for Learning Disabled Children with Oral Communication Disorders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The paper tabularly presents information strategies (goals and instructional activities) for managing learning disabled children with oral communication disorders. The strategies are based on a comprehensive organizational framework of pragmatic abilities comprised of three major components: communicative intention, presupposition, and social…

Spekman, Nancy J.; Roth, Froma P.

1984-01-01

448

Reading and Learning-Disabled Children: Understanding the Problem  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors assess the evidence related to various instructional styles for teaching reading to children with learning disabilities. Results of the literature review indicate that whole language and direct instruction are the two major approaches to teaching reading. Whole language has proven successful for many students with…

Martin, Don; Martin, Magy; Carvalho, Kathleen

2008-01-01

449

Identifying Learning Disabled Students with a Selected Psychoeducational Test Battery.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major conclusions to be drawn from this study were that a battery of four psychoeducational measures was somewhat of a failure in predicting group membership in the learning disability category, and that while teachers were good at predicting academic achievement, they were less effective at predicting personality and psychological variables.…

Fisk, Robert A.; Janzen, Henry L.

1981-01-01

450

Intravenous Sedation for Dental Patients with Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The poor quality of oral health care for people with intellectual disability (ID) has been recognized, and the strong fears about dental treatment suggested as a major reason for disturbances of visits to dentists by such patients. Intravenous sedation is a useful method for relieving the anxiety and fear of such patients about dental treatment,…

Miyawaki, T.; Kohjitani, A.; Maeda, S.; Egusa, M.; Mori, T.; Higuchi, H.; Kita, F.; Shimada, M.

2004-01-01

451

Educating Students with Mild Disabilities: Strategies and Methods. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book addresses inclusive environments and the shifting of instruction of children with disabilities to the general classroom teacher. The major themes are behavior management, curriculum, and instructional strategies. Individual chapters include: (1) "Discipline in Special Education and General Education Settings" (Deborah Deutsch Smith and…

Meyen, Edward L., Ed.; Vergason, Glenn A., Ed.; Whelan, Richard J., Ed.

452

Educating Students with Mild Disabilities: Strategies and Methods. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book addresses inclusive environments and the shifting of instruction of children with disabilities to the general classroom teacher. The major themes are behavior management, curriculum, and instructional strategies. Individual chapters include: (1) "Discipline in Special Education and General Education Settings" (Deborah Deutsch Smith and…

Meyen, Edward L., Ed.; Vergason, Glenn A., Ed.; Whelan, Richard J., Ed.

453

Ergonomic Job Design to Accommodate and Prevent Musculoskeletal Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) account for a major portion of the cost of work-related injury and illness in the United States. Many of these injuries and illnesses lead to temporary or permanent disability. It is generally accepted that the incidence of MSDs increases when the demands of the job exceed the capabilities of the worker. As the workforce ages and

Thomas R. Waters; Leslie A. MacDonald

2001-01-01

454

Functioning and disability of children and adolescents in a vegetative state and a minimally conscious state: identification of ICF-CY-relevant categories.  

PubMed

Children in a vegetative state (VS) and a minimally conscious state (MCS) experience severe limitations as a consequence of nervous system deficits and require consistent environmental support. However, disability in VS and MCS children has never been described following a model that accounts for the presence of the symptoms, limitations and the support required. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to describe the functioning and disability of children in VS and MCS using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health - version for Children and Youth (ICF-CY). VS and MCS children were enrolled in postacute settings and at home. ICF-CY questionnaires were filled in using information available from clinical documentation, direct observation and from children's parents. ICF-CY categories were considered as relevant if used in at least one-third of the children. In total, 36 children and adolescents (22 in VS, 25 males) were enrolled. The majority developed VS and MCS following a nontraumatic event; the mean age was 114.8 months and the mean duration of condition was 50.1 months. A total of 94 ICF-CY categories were reported as relevant: 26 were from body functions, mostly from mental functions and mobility chapters; nine from body structures, 32 from activities and participation, mostly from learning, mobility and self-care chapters; and 27 from environmental factors. The use of ICF-CY enables to obtain a specific profile of functioning for each child that can be coupled with known issues, such as loss of brain functions and provision of life-sustaining interventions. PMID:22785047

Leonardi, Matilde; Sattin, Davide; Giovannetti, Ambra M; Pagani, Marco; Strazzer, Sandra; Villa, Federica; Martinuzzi, Andrea; Buffoni, Mara; Castelli, Enrico; Lispi, Maria Luisa; Trabacca, Antonio; Gennaro, Leonarda; Raggi, Alberto

2012-12-01

455

Disability Compensation for Asbestos-Associated Disease in the United States.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report describes and analyzes disability compensation experiences resulting from occupational disease caused by asbestos exposure. Six major issues are stressed: (1) Clinical and epidemiological information reviewing the relation of asbestos exposure ...

I. J. Selikoff

1982-01-01

456

General Education Participation and Academic Perofmrnace of Students with Learning Disabilities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Students with learning disabilities comprise almost two-thirds of those receiving special education services in secondary schools. The majority of these students spend at least part of their day in a general education classroom. National Longitudinal Tran...

2006-01-01

457

The Mobile ID Based Biometric Undeniable Signature Scheme  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The wide use of mobile devices such as smart phones makes the mobile commerce industry be growing-up rapidly. In mobile commerce\\u000a security, how to secure a copyright of mobile contents and how to distribute it are of major concern. The user can carry the\\u000a smart phone regardless of the places. The utilization of a smart phone is very high than

SungHyun Yun

458

Advancements in mobile positioning technologies and mobile location networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mobile positioning technologies that utilize measurements of wireless communication signals are one of the most interesting topics in mobile communication systems today. In CDMA or WCDMA based mobile communication systems, hearability is one of the most critical and practical challenges to using its wireless communication signals for positioning. Also, in practice, the repeater systems widely used for cell enhancement or covering shadowed areas in urban environments often cause hearability problem and accuracy degradation. Therefore, solving hearability problem is a pre-requisite to building a reliable mobile positioning system. This thesis investigates the major causes of the hearability problem and proposes solution based on the thorough analysis of mobile communication system and field test results. To understand the hearability problem, the Pilot channel searcher function in the CDMA mobile station is analyzed with its receiver operating characteristics (ROC) obtained from simulations considering practical error sources. Using knowledge of Pilot channel search performance at the mobile station, hearability is tested within a cell area where hexagonal cell geometry and practical sectorization effect is assumed. An angle of departure (AOD) estimation scheme of the forward link signal utilizing the radiation gain patterns of sector antennas with a range measurement scheme defined in IS-95 or UMTS is proposed as a solution to the hearability problem at the inner cell area. The performance of the proposed AOD estimation scheme is shown with field test results. Since the Pilot channel measurement at the mobile station is obtained from the measurement of the detected and resolvable earliest arrival paths for the purpose of positioning, statistical properties of the detected and resolvable earliest arrival paths and the AODs of detected and resolvable earliest arrival paths are analyzed and described before introducing the AOD field experiments. Widely used cellular repeater systems bring another cause of hearability problem for mobile stations. This thesis introduces problems caused by repeater system and provides technical analysis of the problem. Finally, an identification signaling scheme for repeater systems is introduced as a solution; identification signal helps mobile stations distinguish repeated signals from non-repeated signals and builds an assistant location network with repeater networks.

Kong, Seung Hyun

459

End of Life and Women Aging with a Disability  

PubMed Central

Abstract Approximately 21 million noninstitutionalized Americans with physical disabilities will ultimately face end-of-life [EOL] issues. Studies have documented disparate care and poorer outcomes for persons with preexisting disabilities who have life-limiting illnesses, which raises the question of how EOL experiences may differ for these individuals. The aim of this qualitative, descriptive study was to explore how EOL issues might emerge within the life stories of women aging with functional disabilities. Interview data were obtained from a larger, ongoing ethnographic study focused on the creation of an explanatory model of health disparities of disablement in women with mobility impairment. Each participant was interviewed three to four times using a life-course perspective that captures life trajectories and transitions experienced over time. For this analysis, 41 interviews were selected from 20 participants who discussed issues related to death and dying. Content analysis of the data revealed five analytic categories: death as a signpost, impact of others' deaths, deaths that affected personal insights and choice, EOL possibilities, and a personal brush with death. EOL issues were manifested in a variety of ways that revealed both determination to remain as independent as possible within the context of declining functional ability and uncertainty regarding the future.

Zolnierek, Cynthia; Harrison, Tracie; Walker, Janiece

2012-01-01

460

When mobility makes sense: A qualitative and longitudinal study of the daily mobility of the elderly  

Microsoft Academic Search

A majority of North Americans hopes to grow old in the suburbs. This aspiration depends upon their ability to drive and their access to a car. Because it is essential for everyday travel, car-mobility in the suburbs is becoming a symbolic goal. The meanings of mobility for elderly will evolve over time, notably as a result of changes in autonomy.

Sébastien Lord; Carole Després; Thierry Ramadier

2011-01-01

461

Sensor Proxy Mobile IPv6 (SPMIPv6) - A framework of mobility supported IP-WSN  

Microsoft Academic Search

IP based Wireless Sensor Networks (IP-WSN) are gaining importance for its broad range of applications in health-care, home automation, environmental monitoring, security & safety and industrial automation. In all of these applications mobility in sensor network with special attention to energy efficiency is a major issue to be addressed. Host based mobility management protocol is inherently unsuitable for energy inefficient

M. M. Islam; M. M. Hassan; Eui-Nam Huh

2010-01-01

462

A Contribution to Theory Building for Mobile Marketing: Categorizing Mobile Marketing Campaigns through Case Study Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Marketing experts consider the mobile device as an extremely promising marketing tool as it supports them tocope with their major challenge: getting time and attention from customers. Current mobile marketing research mostly covers success factors and acceptance analysis. Categorization, when addressed, lacks in appropriate foundation and is not linked to objectives atall. In this article we examine ,55 case

Dietmar Georg Wiedemann

2006-01-01

463

Disrupting the rhythm of depression using Mobile Cognitive Therapy for recurrent depression: randomized controlled trial design and protocol  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is projected to rank second on a list of 15 major diseases in terms of burden in 2030. The major contribution of MDD to disability and health care costs is largely due to its highly recurrent nature. Accordingly, efforts to reduce the disabling effects of this chronic condition should shift to preventing recurrence, especially in

Claudi LH Bockting; Gemma D Kok; Lillian van der Kamp; Filip Smit; Evelien van Valen; Robert Schoevers; Harm van Marwijk; Pim Cuijpers; Heleen Riper; Jack Dekker; Aaron T Beck

2011-01-01

464

Transforming Disability Policy for Youth and Young Adults with Disabilities. Disability Policy Research Brief. Number 09-01  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transition to adulthood can be difficult for youth, particularly those who have disabilities severe enough that they receive Supplemental Security Income (SSI), Social Security Disability Insurance (DI), or other disability program benefits. Besides the issues facing all transition-age youth, young people with disabilities face a host of…

O'Day, Bonnie; Stapleton, David

2009-01-01

465

Mobile Environmental Information Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents foundations for building mobile environmental information systems (MEIS) that require a multidisciplinary approach. MEIS require expertise from environmental biology, geography and mobile technology. MEIS are very promising in bringing added value in the acquisition of environmental information with a multitude of mobile devices. Automatic mobile acquisition makes it easy to forward the information to central databases for

Harri Antikainen; Alfred Colpaert; Niina Jaako; JARMOV RUSANEN; Dan Bendas; Mauri Myllyaho; Markku Oivo; Pasi Kuvaja; Jouni Similä; Kyösti Marjoniemi; Kari Laine; Esko Saari

2004-01-01

466

Secure Mobile Networking.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This project produced a Secure Mobile Network (SMN) system for secure enclaves or virtual networks among mobile workstations, an integrated Mobile-IP/ IPSEC system in which Mobile Nodes use 2-way tunnels to securely tunnel packets to the Home Agent. A key...

J. R. Binkley J. McHugh

2001-01-01

467

Interacting with Mobile Intelligence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mobile device market offers considerable potential for software products, however, currently there are few compelling applications for hand-helds. We identify the potential for mobile intelligent systems and briefly describe the software that we have developed to enable mobile intelligent system construction. We outline the requirements for a mobile intelligent system for the corporate sector and discuss our attempts to

Lynne Hall; Adrian Gordon; Russell James; Lynne Newall

468

Uranus Mobile Robot.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Uranus mobile robot was built by Carnegie Mellon University's Mobile Robot Lab to provide a general purpose mobile base to support research into indoor robot navigation. As a base, it provides full mobility, along with support for a variety of payload...

M. Blackwell

1990-01-01

469

Mobile Learning: the Virtual \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Even in distance learning institutions, the students choose in 80% of the cases paper as data medium. Researches have shown that they are primarily motivated by the mobility of the medium itself and the mobility granted to its user. It seemed interesting to examine to what extent currently available mobile devices can offer the students greater mobility and to evaluate

Anne-Dominique SALAMIN; Anne LE CALVÉ

470

Postoperative Adverse Outcomes in Intellectually Disabled Surgical Patients: A Nationwide Population-Based Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundIntellectually disabled patients have various comorbidities, but their risks of adverse surgical outcomes have not been examined. This study assesses pre-existing comorbidities, adjusted risks of postoperative major morbidities and mortality in intellectually disabled surgical patients.MethodsA nationwide population-based study was conducted in patients who underwent inpatient major surgery in Taiwan between 2004 and 2007. Four controls for each patient were randomly

Jui-An Lin; Chien-Chang Liao; Chuen-Chau Chang; Hang Chang; Ta-Liang Chen

2011-01-01

471

Fluid blade disablement tool  

SciTech Connect

A fluid blade disablement (FBD) tool that forms both a focused fluid projectile that resembles a blade, which can provide precision penetration of a barrier wall, and a broad fluid projectile that functions substantially like a hammer, which can produce general disruption of structures behind the barrier wall. Embodiments of the FBD tool comprise a container capable of holding fluid, an explosive assembly which is positioned within the container and which comprises an explosive holder and explosive, and a means for detonating. The container has a concavity on the side adjacent to the exposed surface of the explosive. The position of the concavity relative to the explosive and its construction of materials with thicknesses that facilitate inversion and/or rupture of the concavity wall enable the formation of a sharp and coherent blade of fluid advancing ahead of the detonation gases.

Jakaboski, Juan-Carlos (Albuquerque, NM); Hughs, Chance G. (Albuquerque, NM); Todd, Steven N. (Rio Rancho, NM)

2012-01-10

472

New Strategies for Stem Cell Mobilization  

PubMed Central

Mobilized peripheral blood (PB) is widely used as source of stem cells (PBSCs) for autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). The use of cytokines, alone or in combination with chemotherapy (chemomobilization), is the most common strategy applied to mobilize and collect PBSCs. However, a significant proportion of cancer patients fail to mobilize enough PBSCs to proceed to ASCT. Plerixafor is a small molecule that reversibly and transiently disrupts the interaction between the chemokine receptor CXCR4 and its ligand CXCL12 (formerly known as stroma derived factor 1, SDF-1) leading to the rapid release of CD34+ hematopoietic stem cells from the bone marrow (BM) to PB. Plerixafor has been recently approved to enhance PBSC mobilization in adult patients with multiple myeloma or non-Hodgkin lymphoma and has been shown to be more effective than G-CSF alone. There is limited experience on combining plerixafor with chemotherapy plus G-CSF in patients who mobilize poorly. Current evidence suggests that the addition of plerixafor is safe and effective in the large majority of the patients with low blood CD34+ cell count after mobilization and/or poor yield after the first collection(s). Circulating CD34+ cells can be increased by several folds with plerixafor and the majority of the patients considered “poor mobilizers” can be successfully collected. Overall, its mechanism of action inducing the rapid release of CD34+ cells from the BM to the circulation makes plerixafor suitable for the ‘preemptive’ use in patients who are hard-to-mobilize.

Lemoli, Roberto M.

2012-01-01

473

A Low Latency Handoff Algorithm for Voice over IP Traffics in the Next Generation Packet-Based Cellular Networks: Cellular Mobile IPv6  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the mobile communication environments, Mobile IP is defined to provide users roaming everywhere and transmit information freely. It integrates communication and network systems into Internet. The Mobile IPv6 concepts are similar to Mobile IP, and some new functions of IPv6 bring new features and schemes for mobility support. Two major problems in mobile environments are packet loss and handoff.

HAN-CHIEH CHAO; WEI-MING CHEN; YEN-MING CHU

2002-01-01

474

Air transporation and the disabled.  

PubMed

Air transportation is becoming increasingly more accessible to the disabled traveller. This is due to many reasons. The disabled themselves are now very much a part of twentieth century society in which air travel plays a large role. To this end, several international organizations representing the disabled have been pressuring for increased accessibility. As well, the airlines have realized that the disabled represent a sizable market potential and thus they have begun accessibility and staff sensitization programs. This article will first provide a summary of the current situation for disabled travellers and will discuss such things as architectural barriers and other limitations both in the airport and on-board the aircraft. The second section will discuss the current research into improving the comsort of the disabled passenger. Topics such as modification of on-board washroom facilities, adapted aids kits and on-board wheelchairs will be presented. Part three will be a short discussion of resources and organizations available to the disabled traveller. It is hoped that occupational therapists will gain a better understanding of the resources and developments in this area. PMID:23952156

Speidel, L K

1984-01-01

475

Low Socioeconomic Status and Disability in Old Age: Evidence From the InChianti Study for the Mediating Role of Physiological Impairments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Low socioeconomic status (SES) has been associated with increased risk of disability in later life. The purpose of this study was to determine if SES has an impact on mobility functioning and to explore which physiological impairments are also associated with SES and may explain its relationship with mobility. Methods. The study sample consisted of 1025 individuals aged 65

Antonia K. Coppin; Luigi Ferrucci; Fulvio Lauretani; Caroline Phillips; Miran Chang; Stefania Bandinelli; Jack M. Guralnik

2006-01-01

476

2008 Disability Status Report: The United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Annual Disability Status Reports provide policy makers, disability advocates, reporters, and the public with a summary of the most recent demographic and economic statistics on the non-institutionalized population with disabilities. They contain information on the population size and disability prevalence for various demographic…

Erickson, W. Lee C.; von Schrader, S.

2010-01-01

477

Dispelling Fears About Aging with a Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

There have been revolutionary changes in the way that many people perceive and deal with the issue of disability. These changes effect both the nature of services and the expectations that people may have about disabilities acquired late in life. This raises issues about the fears and anxieties that non-disabled seniors have about acquiring a disability as they age. This

Richard L. Beaulaurier; Samuel H. Taylor

2001-01-01

478

Assistive Technology for the Disabled Computer User.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assistive technology that can help disabled computer users is described, and a resource guide to computer help for the disabled is presented. The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 has broad implications for higher education, in that it mandates that colleges and universities give disabled students equal access to computers on public…

Wilson, Linda

479

Socioemotional Disturbances of Learning Disabled Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

A review of research on the relation between socioemotional functioning\\/disturbance and learning disabilities in children suggests that (a) although some learning disabled children suffer from socioemotional disturbance, most do not; (b) there is no single, unitary pattern of emotional disturbance or social incompetence displayed by learning disabled children; (c) the types of socioemotional disturbance exhibited by learning disabled children may

Byron P. Rourke

1988-01-01

480

Voices of Disability on the Radio  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: While much commentary exists in relation to the portrayal of disabled people in the media, very little research examines the talk itself in any detail. This paper examines the how people with communication disabilities and disabled people are dealt with in the talk of a radio programme about disability. Aims: To show how the voices of…

O'Malley, Mary Pat

2008-01-01

481

Students With Psychiatric Disabilities in Higher Education SettingsThe Americans With Disabilities Act and Beyond  

Microsoft Academic Search

College students with psychiatric disabilities face multiple challenges. Judicial rulings under the Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 have generated outcomes that are sometimes more harmful than helpful. To reduce discrimination against persons with disabilities requires, among other things, a cultural shift in how psychiatric disabilities are viewed. This article examines (a) challenges that students with psychiatric disabilities face

Sharlene A. Kiuhara; Dixie S. Huefner

2008-01-01

482

The Perceptions of People with Disabilities as to the Effectiveness of the Americans with Disabilities Act  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the perceptions of people with disabilities as to the effectiveness of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) in regard to accessibility issues covered by Titles II, III, and IV. In analyzing the influence of the independent variables (disability type, age of onset of disability, disability organization membership, and employment status) on perceptions of the ADA's effectiveness, most

Cathy A. Hinton

2003-01-01

483

ACCESS Earth: Promoting Accessibility to Earth System Science for Students with Disabilities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ACCESS Earth is an intensive summer institute for high school students with disabilities and their teachers that is designed to encourage students with disabilities to consider careers in earth system science. Participants study earth system science concepts at a Maine coastal estuary, using Geographic Information Systems, remote sensing, and field observations to evaluate the impacts of climate change, sea level rise, and development on coastal systems. Teachers, students, and scientists work together to adapt field and laboratory activities for persons with disabilities, including those with mobility and visual impairments. Other sessions include demonstrations of assistive technology, career discussions, and opportunities for students to meet with successful scientists with disabilities from throughout the U.S. The summer institute is one of several programs in development at the University of Southern Maine to address the problem of underrepresentation of people with disabilities in the earth sciences. Other projects include a mentoring program for high school students, a web-based clearinghouse of resources for teaching earth sciences to students with disabilities, and guidebooks for adaptation of popular published earth system science curricula for disabled learners.

Locke, S. M.; Cohen, L.; Lightbody, N.

2001-05-01

484

Infertility: Why can't we classify this inability as disability?  

PubMed Central

Disability is a complex phenomenon. It reflects an interaction between features of a person's body and features of the society in which he or she lives. International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), lays stress on the functional as well as the structural problem of a person. All the definitions of disability also include the disorders of the reproductive and endocrine system. So infertility and impotency should also be included in the category of disability. It affects the participation in areas of life and can have a disabling affect on an individual. Like any other disability the couple has to adapt and integrate infertility in their sense of self thus infertility comes as a major life crisis. Medically, infertility, in most cases, is considered to be the result of a physical impairment or a genetic abnormality. Socially, couples are incapable of their reproductive or parental roles. On social level, infertility in most cultures remains associated with social stigma and taboo just like the social model of disability. Couples who are unable to reproduce may be looked down upon due to social stigmatisation. Infertility can lead to divorces and separation leading to a broken family life. Without labelling infertility as a disability, it is difficult for the people to access services and welfare benefits offered by the government. Infertility treatments are highly sophisticated so they are very expensive and are even not covered by insurance and government aid. In the light of all this it becomes imperative to categorise infertility as disability.

Khetarpal, Abha; Singh, Satendra

2012-01-01

485

Mobility Modeling and Routing in Sparse Mobile Network  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobility plays a significant role in routing scheme for sparse mobile network. With the help of mobility, message can be forwarded through mobile users and performance of the network can be improved using mobility-assisted routing. In addition, a routing scheme needs to be verified through the simulation using certain mobility scenario. This review first introduces a variety of mobility models

Bo Gu

486

Auditory processing deficits in reading disabled adults.  

PubMed

The nature of the auditory processing deficit of disabled readers is still an unresolved issue. The quest for a fundamental, nonlinguistic, perceptual impairment has been dominated by the hypothesis that the difficulty lies in processing sequences of stimuli at presentation rates of tens of milliseconds. The present study examined this hypothesis using tasks that require processing of a wide range of stimulus time constants. About a third of the sampled population of disabled readers (classified as "poor auditory processors") had difficulties in most of the tasks tested: detection of frequency differences, detection of tones in narrowband noise, detection of amplitude modulation, detection of the direction of sound sources moving in virtual space, and perception of the lateralized position of tones based on their interaural phase differences. Nevertheless, across-channel integration was intact in these poor auditory processors since comodulation masking release was not reduced. Furthermore, phase locking was presumably intact since binaural masking level differences were normal. In a further examination of temporal processing, participants were asked to discriminate two tones at various intervals where the frequency difference was ten times each individual's frequency just noticeable difference (JND). Under these conditions, poor auditory processors showed no specific difficulty at brief intervals, contrary to predictions under a fast temporal processing deficit assumption. The complementary subgroup of disabled readers who were not poor auditory processors showed some difficulty in this condition when compared with their direct controls. However, they had no difficulty on auditory tasks such as amplitude modulation detection, which presumably taps processing of similar time scales. These two subgroups of disabled readers had similar reading performance but those with a generally poor auditory performance scored lower on some cognitive tests. Taken together, these results suggest that a large portion of disabled readers suffer from diverse difficulties in auditory processing. No parsimonious explanation based on current models of low-level auditory processing can account simultaneously for all these results, though increased within-channel noise is consistent with the majority of the deficits found in the subgroup of poorer auditory processors. PMID:12382105

Amitay, Sygal; Ahissar, Meray; Nelken, Israel

2002-02-27

487

Disability, Medicare, and Prescription Drugs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report documents the unique need of disabled Medicare beneficiaries for prescription drugs, provides state-by-state information on these beneficiaries, illustrates how the private insurance market has not been responsive to their needs, and validates...

2000-01-01

488

Language-Based Learning Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... or just learning disabilities , is better because of the relationship between spoken and written language. Many children with reading problems have spoken language problems. The child with dyslexia has trouble almost exclusively with ...

489

Theme: Serving Individuals with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Includes "Reviewing Commitment to Individuals with Disabilities" (Frick); "Modifying Laboratory Equipment" (Silletto); "Equine Facilitated Therapy" (Hoover et al.); "Horticultural Therapy" (Rees, Iverson); "How Accessible Is Your Agriculture Program? (Delks, Sillery); "Agricultural Education for the Mentally Handicapped" (Phillips, Dormody);…

Frick, Marty; And Others

1993-01-01

490

Nursing Students with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the following topics: identification and classification of learning disabilities (LD), effects of LD on nursing students, teaching and learning, LD legislation, and academic interventions for nursing students with LD. (SK)

Selekman, Janice

2002-01-01

491

Lateral Dominance and Reading Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Theory and research on the relation of lateral dominance to the causation of reading disability are reviewed. Both direct and indirect measures of cerebral hemisphere functioning are considered. (SBH)|

Harris, Albert J.

1979-01-01

492

Illness and Disability for Girls  

MedlinePLUS

... Famous people with illnesses or disabilities Camps Quiz: How much do you know about taking good care of yourself? Quiz: How much do you know about taking good care of yourself? Links to more information Links ...

493

Adopting Children With Developmental Disabilities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The estimates of children who are awaiting adoption (legally free) indicate that anywhere between 30 and 50% have a developmental disability. However, these children are not a homogeneous group. Their physical, cognitive and social characteristics may dif...

1999-01-01

494

Disabled People in The Bible.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author first describes the format of the Bible, then points out 180 references to disabilities in the Bible, of which 46 are negative in the King James Version but described with less negative words in later translations. (MC)

Kokaska, Charles J.; And Others

1984-01-01

495

Narrating Disability, Narrating Religious Practice: Reconciliation and Fragile X Syndrome  

PubMed Central

This article examines the place of religion in the narratives of mothers of children with fragile X syndrome. In semistructured interviews, a majority of women combined narratives of religious practice with illness narratives, interpreting their children’s disabilities within a religious framework. Informed by Arthur Frank’s (1995) concept of “wounded storytellers,” the authors articulate a reconciliation narrative that mothers commonly used to describe their transition from viewing disability as a burden or challenge to seeing it as a blessing, or as a part of God’s purpose or plan for their lives. The authors discuss the significance of narrative for better understanding religious perspectives on disability and conclude with the implications of these findings for practitioners and future research.

Michie, Marsha; Skinner, Debra

2011-01-01

496

People with disabilities and social determinants of health discourses.  

PubMed

Social determinants of health (SDH) are an important public health policy discourse and the concept and scope of SDH is debated within and outside of the public health field. This article concerns itself with the visibility of people with disabilities in existing SDH discourses. It employed a frequency analysis of Google and Google Scholar search hits obtained with the phrase "social determinants of health" in combination with various social groups and looked at the visibility of people with disabilities within key SDH documents, the Millennium Development Goals and some contemporary SDH such as energy, water and climate change security. It found that people with disabilities are much less visible than other social groups despite the major impact SDH have on this population. PMID:21913592

Wolbring, Gregor

497

[Evaluation of VIIIth nerve disorders in learning-disabled children].  

PubMed

Recent research indicates that a subclinical VIIIth nerve defect can be a major contributing factor to, if not a cause of learning disabilities. A battery of tests developed for evaluation of VIIIth nerve function is presented. These tests include assessment of vestibular function and evaluation of auditory figure ground abilities. 70 primary school children diagnosed as learning-disabled by child study teams were tested using this battery. 94% had abnormal findings in the electronystagmographic test and 22% in the auditory figure ground test. This battery of tests can detect subclinical defects in learning-disabled children which can be alleviated by a combination of proper medical treatment and an appropriate educational plan. PMID:2583602

Westerman, S T; Golz, A; Joachims, H Z; Gilbert, L M; Eliachar, I

1989-10-01

498

A Psychiatric Primer for Programs Serving People with Developmental Disabilities. Monograph #101.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Intended for personnel in programs serving persons with developmental disabilities, the booklet provides basic information about the major psychiatric disorders and their treatment. Five sections cover: the major disorders; medications--uses and problems; assessment; cooordination of services; and psychiatric emergencies. Major disorders such as…

Dal Pozzo, Earlene; Bernstein, Gail S.

499

Profiling-based mobile advertisement as a marketing strategy for GPS based online traffic map  

Microsoft Academic Search

The emergence of mobile computing is inevitably followed by mobile advertising: advertising that target mobile device, such as feature phones, smartphones and tablets. However, the majority of mobile advertising is still relying on the traditional approach: to send an advertisement to as many people as possible, in hope that some of them will be interested in the advertisement and in

Sonny Pradipta; Sri Krisna Endarnoto; James Purnama; Anto S. Nugroho; Franciscus C. Pawitra

2011-01-01

500

Minority carrier mobility of Czochralski-grown silicon by microwave-detected photoconductance decay  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article the contactless microwave detected photoconductance decay technique (MW-PCD) is used to examine two important issues relating to carrier mobility. One is whether or not minority and majority carrier lattice scattering mobilities are equal, and the other whether or not mobilities depend on growth method of the semiconductor material. To answer these two questions, the minority carrier mobility

A. W. Stephens; M. A. Green

1993-01-01