Sample records for mammary artery graft

  1. Full myocardial revascularization with bilateral internal mammary artery Y grafts

    PubMed Central

    Naidoo, Rishendran; Byth, Karen; Chen, Cheng; Denniss, A. Robert

    2013-01-01

    Background Bilateral internal mammary artery (BIMA) grafting in coronary artery surgery provides better long term outcomes than single internal mammary artery and saphenous vein grafting but the optimum configuration of BIMAs has not been established. This study analyzed perioperative and late outcomes of patients who underwent BIMA grafting with a composite Y configuration. Methods Patients (n=922) who underwent BIMA Y grafting were identified from a cardiac surgical database and then cross matched against hospital and cardiology databases and the state death register to identify episodes of repeat coronary angiography, cardiac surgical re-intervention and death. Analysis of repeat angiography was performed after retrieval of the angiogram reports. Results In 95% of patients, full myocardial revascularization was achieved with BIMAs alone, using a composite Y configuration with an average of 4.1 IMA to coronary artery anastomoses per patient. The perioperative mortality was 1.5% and the 5-, 10- and 15-year survival estimates were 95%, 87% and 77% respectively. Analysis of 166 symptom-driven post-discharge coronary angiograms showed grafts to the left anterior descending artery and increasing severity of coronary artery stenosis at preoperative angiography as predictors of anastomotic patency. Conclusions Full myocardial revascularization can be achieved with reasonable safety in most patients with triple vessel disease and good left ventricular function, and provides good late survival. PMID:23977621

  2. Expanding the use of the internal mammary artery to improve patency in coronary artery bypass grafting.

    PubMed

    Tector, A J; Schmahl, T M; Canino, V R

    1986-01-01

    To improve the early and late benefits from coronary artery bypass grafting, we have expanded the use of the internal mammary artery by bypassing three or more coronary arteries with mammary grafts. Experience with higher power magnification and the use of the single internal mammary artery are necessary prerequisites of this procedure. The first 100 patients who had three or more mammary artery-coronary artery anastomoses are reviewed. Eighty-six patients received three mammary-coronary anastomoses, 13 received four, and one received six. An average of 3.2 internal mammary artery grafts and 1.7 saphenous vein grafts per patient were placed. Twenty-five of 27 mammary grafts were open on postoperative graft visualization. There were no early deaths and only one patient died late of complications of gangrene of the lower extremities. None of the patients had significant left ventricular failure and only three had perioperative myocardial infarctions. None of the patients complain of angina and 58 of 59 postoperative stress tests were normal. This procedure should significantly reduce the late closure of bypass grafts and the complications thereof, including the need for reoperation. PMID:3484531

  3. Total arterial revascularization with internal mammary artery or radial artery pi graft configuration.

    PubMed

    Deng, Yongzhi; Sun, Zongquan; Paterson, Hugh S

    2005-01-01

    To investigate the clinical use of pi graft in total arterial revascularization and its outcomes, a retrospective analysis of 23 patients out of 1000 patients undergoing total arterial coronary bypass surgery with a pi graft between September 1994 and December 2004 was performed. In the selected patients for the management of triple vessel disease with middle diagonal/intermediate ramus disease such that a skip with the left internal mammary artery (LIMA) or radial artery (RA), the main stem of pi graft, to the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) will not work and the right internal mammary artery (RIMA) or right gastroepiploic artery (RGEA) cannot pick up the diagonal/intermediate ramus, hence the LAD and diagonal/intermediate ramus were grafted with a mini Y graft using the distal segment of LIMA, RIMA, RA or RGEA, together with the bilateral internal mammary artery (BIMA) or LIMA-RA T graft to compose pi graft. Twenty-three patients (18 males, 5 females) underwent the pi graft procedure. There were no deaths or episodes of myocardial infarction, stroke, and deep sternal wound infection. One patient required reopening for controlling bleeding. Until the end of 2004, during a mean follow-up of 81.0 +/- 28.4 months, no angina needing re-intervention or operative therapy or coronary related death occurred. In conclusion, in patients with specific coronary artery anatomy/stenosis, the BIMA (sometimes LIMA with RA or RGEA) pi graft can be successfully performed for total arterial revascularization with good midterm outcomes. PMID:16463678

  4. Perioperative Avulsion of a Left Internal Mammary Artery Graft in a Patient with Syphilis

    PubMed Central

    Kaleda, Vasily I.; Belash, Sergei A.; Barsuk, Alexei V.; Barbuhatti, Kirill O.

    2014-01-01

    Avulsion of a graft after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery is a rare but very serious complication which leads to massive bleeding and possible life-threatening cardiac tamponade. In this paper we report a very rare case of a left internal mammary artery graft avulsion on the day of surgery in a patient with syphilis. PMID:25374955

  5. The internal mammary artery graft: the best choice for bypass of the diseased left anterior descending coronary artery.

    PubMed

    Tector, A J; Schmahl, T M; Canino, V R

    1983-09-01

    The atherosclerotic plaque that critically obstructs the proximal left anterior descending coronary artery is three times more likely to produce a fatal myocardial infarction than lesions in the other coronary arteries. Severe obstruction in a bypass graft to the proximally stenosed left anterior descending artery is probably at high risk of provoking a fatal infarction. Selection of the bypass graft with adequate flow and the greatest longevity is of great importance. Review of 298 patients who received internal mammary artery grafts illustrates that this bypass has excellent long-term patency, minimal attrition, and little evidence suggesting late atherosclerotic formation. Difficulties with anastomosis and pedicle injury during preparation (the most frequent reasons for internal mammary artery failure) can be reduced to 2% or less by introducing magnification and microsurgical techniques. The properly prepared internal mammary artery graft has the longest lasting patency and should be used when bypassing proximal left anterior descending lesions. PMID:6135516

  6. Protocol for the Arterial Revascularisation Trial (ART). A randomised trial to compare survival following bilateral versus single internal mammary grafting in coronary revascularisation [ISRCTN46552265

    PubMed Central

    Taggart, David P; Lees, Belinda; Gray, Alastair; Altman, Douglas G; Flather, Marcus; Channon, Keith

    2006-01-01

    Background Standard coronary artery bypass graft surgery uses a single internal mammary artery and supplemental vein or radial artery grafts. Several observational studies have suggested a survival benefit with two internal mammary artery grafts compared to a single internal mammary artery graft, but this has not been tested in a randomised trial. The Arterial Revascularisation Trial is a Medical Research Council and British Heart Foundation funded, multi-centre international trial comparing single internal mammary artery grafting versus bilateral internal mammary artery grafting. Methods/Design Twenty centres in the UK, Australia, Poland and Brazil are planning to randomise 3000 coronary artery bypass graft surgery patients to single or bilateral internal mammary artery grafting. Supplemental grafts may be either saphenous vein or radial artery. Coronary artery bypass grafting can be performed as an on-pump or off-pump procedure. The primary outcome is survival at 10 years and secondary end-points include clinical events, quality of life and cost effectiveness. The effect of age, left ventricular function, diabetes, number of grafts, vein grafts and off-pump surgery are pre-specified subgroups. Discussion The Arterial Revascularisation Trial is one of the first randomised trials to evaluate the effects on survival and other clinical outcomes of single internal mammary artery grafting versus bilateral internal mammary artery grafting, and will help to establish the best approach for patients requiring coronary artery bypass graft surgery. PMID:16573820

  7. Modified dual guide catheter ("ping-pong") technique to treat left internal mammary artery graft perforation.

    PubMed

    Assad-Kottner, Christian; Hakeem, Abdul; Uretsky, Barry F

    2015-07-01

    Perforation of a left internal mammary artery (LIMA) graft during percutaneous coronary intervention is a rare event. We report a case of mid-LIMA perforation treated by a polytetrafluoroethylene-covered stent using a modification of the dual catheter ("ping pong") technique. We propose that use of this modification when possible will further improve safety of treating a perforation. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:25044448

  8. Assessment of internal mammary artery and saphenous vein graft patency and flow reserve using transthoracic Doppler echocardiography

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chirillo, F.; Bruni, A.; Balestra, G.; Cavallini, C.; Olivari, Z.; Thomas, J. D.; Stritoni, P.

    2001-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate transthoracic Doppler echocardiography in the identification of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) flow for assessing graft patency. DESIGN: The initial study group comprised 45 consecutive patients with previous CABG undergoing elective cardiac catheterisation for recurrent ischaemia. The Doppler variables best correlated with angiographic graft patency were then tested prospectively in a further 84 patients (test group). SETTING: Three tertiary referral centres. INTERVENTIONS: Flow velocities in grafts were recorded at rest and during hyperaemia induced by dipyridamole (0.56 mg/kg/4 min), under the guidance of transthoracic colour Doppler flow mapping. Findings on transthoracic Doppler were compared with angiography. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Feasibility of identifying open grafts by Doppler and diagnostic accuracy for Doppler detection of significant (>/= 70%) graft stenosis. RESULTS: In the test group the identification rate for mammary artery grafts was 100%, for saphenous vein grafts to left anterior descending coronary artery 91%, for vein grafts to right coronary artery 96%, and for vein grafts to circumflex artery 90%. Coronary flow reserve (the ratio between peak diastolic velocity under hyperaemia and at baseline) of < 1.9 (95% confidence interval 1.83 to 2.08) had 100% sensitivity, 98% specificity, 87.5% positive predictive value, and 100% negative predictive value for mammary artery graft stenosis. Coronary flow reserve of < 1.6 (95% CI 1.51 to 1.73) had 91% sensitivity, 87% specificity, 85.4% positive predictive value, and 92.3% negative predictive value for significant vein graft stenosis. CONCLUSIONS: Transthoracic Doppler can provide non-invasive assessment of CABG patency.

  9. Coronary artery bypass grafting with left internal mammary artery and right gastroepiploic artery, with and without bypass

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Olivier Chavanon; Michel Durand; Rachid Hacini; Hélène Bouvaist; Marianne Noirclerc; Tarek Ayad; Dominique Blin

    2002-01-01

    Background. Total arterial and off-pump revascularization are increasingly used in coronary artery bypass grafting. This study describes our experience with the exclusive use of both left internal thoracic artery and gastroepiploic artery by means of a median sternotomy, with and without cardiopulmonary bypass, in a subgroup of patients with two-vessel disease.Methods. From January 1995 to July 2000, 171 consecutive patients

  10. Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

    MedlinePLUS

    ... from the NHLBI on Twitter. What Is Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting? Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is ... bypass multiple coronary arteries during one surgery. Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Figure A shows the location of ...

  11. Bilateral internal mammary arteries: evidence and technical considerations

    PubMed Central

    Edelman, J. James B.; Wilson, Michael K.

    2013-01-01

    Bilateral internal mammary artery (BIMA) grafts are used for coronary revascularisation by only a minority of surgeons, despite a growing body of evidence suggesting improved survival when compared to use of only one internal mammary artery with additional saphenous vein grafts. Herein we review the evidence supporting revascularisation with BIMA and suggest reasons why the majority of surgeons use only one internal mammary artery. We discuss technical considerations, various graft combinations and the use of BIMA to facilitate anaortic off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB). PMID:23977638

  12. Anterograde flow compromise of a patent left internal mammary artery graft from a proximal subclavian artery stenosis. Myocardial ischemia not driven by the coronary-subclavian steal syndrome mechanism.

    PubMed

    Alcocer, Alejandro; Castillo, Genaro; Rivera-Capello, Juan M; González, Vidal; Meaney, Eduardo

    2012-01-01

    A 54-year male with previous triple vessel coronary artery and aorto-bi-femoral bypass graft surgeries complained of crescent angina. Stress induced myocardial ischemia on echocardiography was demonstrated. We performed direct stenting of a saphenous vein graft to the right coronary artery, via right radial approach. Subsequently stenting of a severe left subclavian artery proximal stenosis was performed via right brachial approach in order to relieve an overt myocardial ischemia in the territory supplied by a patent left internal mammary artery graft originated distally to the left subclavian stenosis. The finding of a total left axillary artery occlusion complement the pathogenesis of myocardial ischemia produced by limited anterograde flow and not driven by the common flow reversal mechanism of a typical coronary-subclavian steal syndrome. PMID:22735654

  13. Coronary artery bypass grafting in a 12-year-old girl with familial hypercholesterolemia.

    PubMed

    Göksel, O S; Tireli, E; El, H; Oflaz, H; Dayio?lu, E

    2009-01-01

    We present the case of a 12-year-old girl with familial hypercholesterolemia and coronary artery disease. She underwent triple-vessel coronary artery bypass grafting with bilateral pedicled internal mammary artery grafting without adverse events. Pediatric patients with familial hypercholesterolemia may present with premature coronary atherosclerosis requiring coronary artery bypass grafting. In situ internal mammary artery grafts should be the graft of choice. PMID:19341213

  14. Coronary bypass using bilateral internal mammary arteries in an achondroplast.

    PubMed

    Alassal, Mohamed Abdulwahab; Youssef, Mostafa; Koudieh, Mohammed

    2015-01-01

    Coronary bypass grafting for ischemic heart disease in achondroplastic dwarfs is very rare. Shortage of veins and inadequate vein quality may cause difficulties during surgery. Only 2 cases of coronary bypass surgery in an achondroplastic dwarf, in which the left internal mammary artery and vein grafts were used, have been reported. We describe the case of a 55-year-old male achondroplastic dwarf who had triple-vessel coronary disease and underwent successful coronary bypass surgery using one saphenous vein graft and bilateral internal mammary artery grafts. The anatomic and surgical challenges in achondroplasia are highlighted. PMID:24887865

  15. Reduced left internal mammary artery blood flow on normal sternal retraction.

    PubMed

    Kotkar, Kunal Deepak; Chaudhary, Ambuj; Brar, Rahat; Mahant, Tek Singh

    2015-03-01

    The left internal mammary artery is the conduit of choice for bypassing the left anterior descending artery. A 72-year-old man underwent off-pump triple-vessel coronary artery bypass. The left internal mammary artery was harvested with brisk blood flow from the distal artery on completion of harvesting, but normal sternal retraction with a Medtronic OctoBase retractor led to cessation of flow. A vein graft was utilized for the left anterior descending artery, and the internal mammary artery was grafted to the first diagonal branch. Computed tomography-angiography on postoperative day 5 demonstrated no possible cause of the reduced flow on sternal retraction. PMID:24887881

  16. Minimally Invasive Direct Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting: Two-Year Clinical Experience

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Valavanur A Subramanian; John C McCabe; Charles M Geller

    1997-01-01

    Background. Interest in minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting has been increasing.Methods. From April 1994 through December 1996, 199 patients (age, 36 to 93 years) underwent minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting through minithoracotomy, subxiphoid, and lateral thoracotomy incisions, with internal mammary artery, gastroepiploic artery, and composite grafts placed using local coronary artery occlusion.Results. The conversion rate to sternotomy was

  17. Coronary artery bypass grafting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kenji Takazawa; Yasuyuki Hosoda; Taira Yamamoto; Shiori Kawasaki; Shiro Sasaguri

    1999-01-01

    Objectives: The aim of this study was to analyze the long-term results of coronary artery bypass grafting in Japanese patients who were\\u000a followed more than 10 years after surgery, and, without resorting to actuarial methods, to determine the factors that influence\\u000a long-term survival.Subjects and Methods: From January 1984 through December 1986, 376 patients received coronary artery bypass grafting at the

  18. Intraoperative MIDCABG arteriography via the left radial artery: a comparison with doppler ultrasound for assessment of graft patency

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joseph R Elbeery; Philip M Brown; W. Randolph Chitwood

    1998-01-01

    Background. Minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass grafting involving beating heart left internal mammary artery to left anterior descending coronary artery anastomoses are performed with increasing frequency. Controversy exists regarding the need for intraoperative assessment of graft patency.Methods. We designed a technique to perform arteriography of the left internal mammary artery by using left radial artery access and standard fluoroscopy

  19. Idiopathic internal mammary artery aneurysm

    PubMed Central

    Heyn, Jens; Zimmermann, Hanna; Klose, Alexander; Luchting, Benjamin; Hinske, Christian; Sadeghi-Azandaryani, Mojtaba

    2014-01-01

    Aneurysms of the internal mammary artery are extremely rare, and their presentation and treatment are variable. Since these aneurysms often tend to rupture and cause haemothorax and life-threatening conditions, the knowledge of secure treatment options is indispensable. We here report the case of an idiopathic internal mammary aneurysm in a 46-year-old man. Open surgical resection of the aneurysm was performed in this case without any complications. The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was in a good physical condition without any vascular or neurological abnormalities during follow-up. PMID:25452261

  20. Bilateral Thoracoscopic Minimally Invasive Direct Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Using Internal Thoracic Arteries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Go Watanabe; Takuro Misaki; Keijyu Kotoh; Akio Yamashita; Katsushi Ueyama

    1998-01-01

    Background. Single-vessel coronary artery bypass grafting of the left internal mammary artery (ITA) to the left anterior descending coronary artery using a minithoracotomy has been shown to produce excellent results with a very low mortality. However, this procedure cannot be used in patients with double- or triple-vessel disease. Our goal was to develop a minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass

  1. Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Liubov Ben-Noun

    1999-01-01

    Long-term psychosocial outcomes were examined in 132 patients 7 to 22 years M = 9.4 years after coronary artery bypass grafting. The control group comprised 145 medically treated patients with coronary heart disease of 7 to 22 year duration M = 9.2. Significantly more medically than surgically treated patients were scored in the clinically significant range for anxiety, and for

  2. Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome and radial artery coronary graft spasm.

    PubMed

    Yaqub, Yasir; Suarez, Jose; Perez-Verdia, Alejandro; Arvandi, Aliakbar; Nugent, Kenneth M

    2009-10-01

    A 75-year-old woman with known diagnosis of Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome presented with acute onset of chest pain, dyspnea and elevated cardiac enzymes. She had triple vessel coronary artery disease on subsequent coronary angiography. Given the unavailability of venous conduits secondary to lower extremity varicosities, coronary artery bypass grafting with radial and internal mammary arterial grafts was carried out. The radial artery graft went into spasm two days later and required intracoronary vasodilators to relieve the spasm. The patient remained hypotensive and finally expired. PMID:19811720

  3. Accelerated intimal hyperplasia in aortocoronary internal mammary vein grafts in minipigs

    PubMed Central

    Popov, Aron Frederik; Dorge, Hilmar; Hinz, Jose; Schmitto, Jan Dieter; Stojanovic, Tomislav; Seipelt, Ralf; Didilis, Vassilios; Schoendube, Friedrich Albert

    2008-01-01

    Background More than 50% of aortocoronary saphenous vein grafts are occluded 10 years after surgery. Intimal hyperplasia is the initial critical step in the progression toward occlusion. Internal mammary veins, which are physiologically prone to less hydrostatic pressure, may undergo an accelerated progression to intimal hyperplasia and thus be suitable for investigation of the mechanisms of aortocoronary vein graft disease. Methods Six minipigs underwent aortocoronary bypass grafting using standard cardiopulmonary bypass and cardioplegic arrest. Mammary vein were grafted in a reversed manner from ascending aorta to left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD). The proximal LAD was ligated, rendering the anterior left ventricle vein graft-dependent. Minipigs were killed after 4 weeks, and vein grafts were harvested. Histological and immunohistological investigation were performed with respect to morphometric analysis, endothelial damage/dysfunction (v-Willebrand-factor (vWF)), smooth muscle cells (?-smooth actin) and proliferation rate (proliferation marker Ki 67). Results Mean intimal area of vein grafts was increased compared to ungrafted mammary veins. Intimal hyperplasia in vein grafts was characterized by massive accumulation of smooth muscle cells with a high proliferation rate and endothelial perturbation. Significant (p = 0.001) intimal hyperplasia of the grafted mammary vein compared to the ungrafted mammary vein was found. These changes were absent in ungrafted mammary veins. Conclusion The present study demonstrates a pig model of aortocoronary vein graft intimal hyperplasia which is characterized by an accelerated progression within internal mammary veins. The model is suitable to investigate the pathophysiology of aortocoronary vein graft intimal hyperplasia as well as therapeutic approaches. PMID:18445288

  4. What Is Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG)?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Medical Illustrations: Jill Rhead, MA What is Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG)? What Can Happen When Blockages ... Condition be Like After CABG? WHAT IS CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS GRAFTING (CABG)? Coronary artery bypass grafting or " ...

  5. Measures to Increase the Number of Mammary Artery Coronary Artery Anastomoses

    PubMed Central

    Tector, Alfred J.; Schmahl, Terence M.; Canino, Vincent R.

    1986-01-01

    Patients with single internal mammary artery (IMA) grafts along with saphenous vein grafts have been found to have fewer coronary events and longer survival after operation. To reduce bypass graft failure from intimal hyperplasia and atherosclerosis, as well as to improve results, three or more IMA grafts were placed in 215 patients from October 1982 through May 1985. Careful planning helped in bypassing the maximum number of coronary artery obstructions with arterial conduits. By using bilateral IMA grafts, sequential, and Y grafts, the number of IMA coronary artery anastomoses increases and the need for saphenous vein grafts decreases. Meticulous dissection and preparation of the entire IMA and proper construction of the anastomosis are essentials for these procedures to be successful. Two of the 215 patients died early and four died late. Ninety-five percent of the postoperative stress tests were negative and 92% of the 39 IMA grafts visualized in 13 patients studied postoperatively were patent. We found this to be a safe, challenging procedure that improved late bypass conduit success and prolonged survival. Images PMID:15226842

  6. Multiple minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass grafting for the complete revascularization of the left ventricle

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Go Watanabe; Takuro Misaki; Keijyu Kotoh; Kyousuke Kawakami; Akio Yamashita; Katsushi Ueyama

    1999-01-01

    Background. Single-vessel coronary artery bypass grafting of the left internal mammary artery to the left anterior descending coronary artery using a minithoracotomy has been shown to produce excellent results with a very low mortality rate. However, this procedure cannot be used in patients with double- or triple-vessel disease. Our goal was to develop a minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass

  7. Who Needs Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... from the NHLBI on Twitter. Who Needs Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting? Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is used to treat people ... or after a heart attack to treat blocked arteries. Your doctor may recommend CABG if other treatments, ...

  8. Atrial fibrillation and minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting: Risk factor analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Xavier M. Mueller; Hendrik T. Tevaearai; Patrick Ruchat; Frank Stumpe; Ludwig K. von Segesser

    2002-01-01

    Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a frequent arrhythmia after conventional coronary artery bypass grafting. With the advent of minimally\\u000a invasive technique for left internal mammary artery-left anterior descending coronary artery (LIMA-LAD) grafting, we analyzed\\u000a the incidence and the risk factors of postoperative AF in this patient population. This prospective study involves all patients\\u000a undergoing isolated LIMA-LAD grafting with minimally invasive technique

  9. Configurations and classifications of composite arterial grafts in coronary bypass surgery.

    PubMed

    Yuan, Shi-Min; Shinfeld, Amihay; Raanani, Ehud

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this review is to present the configurations and classifications of composite arterial grafts in coronary bypass surgery. Articles were collected by tracking references cited in the literature with regard to the configurations of composite arterial grafts in coronary bypass surgery. Figures of the configurations were drawn in accordance to the schematic drawings, angiograms, photographs, table contents or written captions of the literature. According to their structural nature, composite arterial grafts can be classified as: (i) alphabetical (Y, T, I, U, K, X and H) and (ii) complex grafts (TY, loop, pi and sling grafts). According to the conduits that form the composite graft, they can be classified as: (i) definite (all standard alphabetical grafts, classic pi and sling grafts); (ii) varying [internal mammary artery (IMA) loop, modified pi graft]; and (iii) indefinite conduit graft (TY graft). According to their application in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), they can be divided into complete arterial revascularization for: (i) triple vessel disease (T, Y, K, X, TY, pi and sling grafts); (ii) two vessel disease (U, right Y, and two-thirds right IMA T grafts); and (iii) single vessel disease, mainly the left anterior descending artery with or without the diagonal branch (H, I, IMA loop and left IMA T grafts). According to the CABG method, they can be classified as: (i) for conventional CABG (sling graft); (ii) for minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (H graft); and (iii) for both conventional CABG and off-pump coronary artery bypass (T, Y, U, K, I, TY, IMA loop, and pi grafts). Standard Y and T grafts have been accepted as the common figurations of composite arterial grafts to maximum graft length for the bypass of triple vessel disease. Composite arterial grafts overcome the limited availability of arterial conduits for performing total arterial myocardial revascularization, allow a gain in conduit length, and minimize the ascending aorta manipulation. PMID:18268413

  10. Endovascular Treatment of a Coronary Artery Bypass Graft to Pulmonary Artery Fistula with Coil Embolization

    SciTech Connect

    Nielson, Jeffery L., E-mail: nielson@uhrad.com; Kang, Preet S. [University Hospitals of Cleveland and Veterans Administration Medical Center-Cleveland, Case Western Reserve University, Departments of Radiology (United States)

    2006-04-15

    Fistula formation between a coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)and the pulmonary arterial circulation represents a rare cause of recurrent angina in patients following bypass grafting. Therapy has traditionally involved surgical ligation by open thoracotomy. We describe a case of left internal mammary artery-left upper lobe pulmonary artery fistula presenting as early recurrent angina following CABG. The fistula was embolized using platinum coils, resulting in symptomatic relief and improvement in myocardial perfusion on cardiac perfusion scintigraphy. Coil embolization should be considered a therapeutic option in patients with coronary-pulmonary steal syndrome.

  11. Robotically-Assisted Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

    PubMed Central

    Folliguet, Thierry A.; Dibie, Alain; Philippe, François; Larrazet, Fabrice; Slama, Michel S.; Laborde, François

    2010-01-01

    Objectives. Robotic surgery enables to perform coronary surgery totally endoscopically. This report describes our experience using the da Vinci system for coronary artery bypass surgery. Methods. Patients requiring single-or-double vessel revascularization were eligible. The procedure was performed without cardiopulmonary bypass on a beating heart. Results. From April 2004 to May 2008, fifty-six patients were enrolled in the study. Twenty-four patients underwent robotic harvesting of the mammary conduit followed by minimal invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB), and twenty-three patients had a totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass (TECAB) grafting. Nine patients (16%) were converted to open techniques. The mean total operating time for TECAB was 372 ± 104 minutes and for MIDCAB was 220 ± 69 minutes. Followup was complete for all patients up to one year. There was one hospital death following MIDCAB and two deaths at follow up. Forty-eight patients had an angiogram or CT scan revealing occlusion or anastomotic stenoses (>50%) in 6 patients. Overall permeability was 92%. Conclusions. Robotic surgery can be performed with promising results. PMID:20339505

  12. The effect of total arterial grafting on medium-term outcomes following coronary artery bypass grafting

    PubMed Central

    Légaré, Jean-Francois; Hassan, Ansar; Buth, Karen J; Sullivan, John A

    2007-01-01

    Background While it is believed that total arterial grafting (TAG) for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) confers improved long-term outcomes when compared to conventional grafting with left internal mammary artery and saphenous vein grafts (LIMA+SVG), to date, this has not become the standard of care. In this study, we assessed the impact of TAG on medium-term outcomes after CABG. Methods Peri-operative data was prospectively collected on consecutive first-time, isolated CABG patients between 1995 and 2005. Patients were divided into two groups based on grafting strategy: TAG (all arterial grafts no saphenous veins) or LIMA+SVG. Patients who had an emergent status or underwent fewer than two distal bypasses were excluded. Medium term univariate and risk-adjusted comparisons between TAG and LIMA+SVG cases were performed. Results A total of 4696 CABG patients were included with 1019 patients undergoing TAG (22%). Unadjusted in-hospital mortality was 1.5% for TAG patients compared to 2.0% for LIMA+SVG (p = 0.31). The mean follow-up was 4.8 ± 2.0 years for TAG patients compared to 6.1 ± 3.0 years for LIMA+SVG patients (p < 0.0001). At follow-up total mortality (8% vs 19%; p < 0.0001), and the incidence of readmission to hospital for cardiac reasons (29% vs 38%; p < 0.0001) were significantly lower in TAG compared to LIMA+SVG patients. However, after adjusting for clinical covariates, TAG did not emerge as a significant independent predictor of long-term mortality (HR 0.92; CI 0.71–1.18), readmission to hospital (HR 1.02; CI 0.89–1.18) or the composite outcome of mortality and readmission (HR 1.00; CI 0.88–1.15). Risk adjusted survival was better than 88% in both TAG and LIMA-SVG patients at 5 years follow-up. Conclusion Patients undergoing TAG appear to experience lower rates of medium-term all-cause mortality and readmission to hospital for any cardiac cause when compared to patients undergoing LIMA+SVG. However, after adjusting for clinical variables, this difference no longer persists suggesting that at median follow-up there are no mortality or morbidity benefit based on the choice of conduit. PMID:17956634

  13. All internal thoracic artery composite graft revascularization.

    PubMed

    Izumoto, Hiroshi; Ishihara, Kazuaki; Kawase, Tetsunori; Nakajima, Takayuki; Satoh, Hiroshi; Kawazoe, Kohei

    2005-12-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the most efficient design of composite grafts and clarify the technical feasibility rate of composite grafting using internal thoracic artery exclusively in patients undergoing triple-vessel revascularization. Retrospective analysis of 104 consecutive patients was carried out. An in situ left internal thoracic artery graft for the left anterior descending artery area, with attachment of the right internal thoracic artery to the side of the left internal thoracic artery to revascularize the circumflex and right coronary vessels, was the most efficient graft design. The technical feasibility rate was 80% (83/104 patients). The mean number of distal anastomoses for the entire group was 3.8+/-0.8 per patient. Intraoperative left internal thoracic artery flow rate was 91.6+/-37.8 mL.min-1. With more experience, it is thought that the technical feasibility rate could be increased. PMID:16304225

  14. The Left Internal Thoracic Artery and Radial Artery Composite Graft in Off-pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hiroyuki Tanaka; Takashi Narisawa; Nobutaka Mori; Mikio Masuda; Daijirou Kishi; Takashi Suzuki; Toshihiro Takaba

    2002-01-01

    Arterial multivessel bypass grafting without extra corporeal circulation and manipulation of the ascending aorta should be a good surgical option for the treatment of coronary artery disease. An internal thoracic artery (ITA)-radial artery (RA) composite graft was used for this purpose. Between July 2000 and October 2001, we employed the LITA-RA composite graft for off-pump coronary artery bypass in 15

  15. Comparison of standard coronary artery bypass grafting and minimary invasive direct coronary artery bypass grafting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yasuhide Okawa; Hiroshi Baba; Masaki Hashimoto; Tsuneo Tanaka; Masahiko Toyama; Kouji Matsumoto; Kenichiro Azuma

    2000-01-01

    Objectives: We studied indications and problems involved in minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting (MIDCAB)Methods: We compared patients profiles, graft patency, stenosis severity, morbidity, mortality, long-term survival and freedom from\\u000a cardiac accidents in 174 patients undergoing elective standard coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and 128 undergoing between\\u000a January 1996 and March 1999.Results: No statiscally difference was seen in gender, diabetes

  16. What to Expect After Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

    MedlinePLUS

    ... NHLBI on Twitter. What To Expect After Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Recovery in the Hospital After surgery, ... incision (cut) and on the areas where an artery or vein was removed for grafting. After you ...

  17. Coronary artery and graft spasm after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting.

    PubMed

    Fukui, Toshihiro; Takanashi, Shuichiro; Hosoda, Yasuyuki

    2005-02-01

    We report a case of a 52-year-old man with severe coronary artery and graft spasm after triple-vessel off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. Emergent coronary angiography was performed to identify the location and severity of the spasm. Intracoronary injections of several vasodilators failed to relieve the spasm. Observational treatments including intra-aortic balloon pump and inotropic drugs to increase coronary flow were performed until the spasm resolved. The patient recovered and was discharged. A follow-up coronary angiography revealed patent native coronary artery and bypass grafts without evidence of residual spasm. PMID:15782575

  18. Endovascular stenting for treatment of a left internal mammary artery pseudoaneurysm following redo-sternotomy: a case report.

    PubMed

    Cheung, Paul K M; Philipp, Roger K; Freed, Darren H

    2013-11-01

    An 85-year-old gentlemen with a history of previous triple vessel coronary bypass grafting presented with severe aortic stenosis and occlusion of the previous saphenous vein grafts but with patent left internal mammary artery (LIMA)-left anterior descending. The patient underwent uncomplicated repeat sternotomy and aortic valve replacement with repeated coronary bypass. On post-operative day 21 the patient was successfully resuscitated from a pulseless electrical activity (PEA) arrest, and was found to have a 1-cm pseudoaneurysm of the left internal mammary artery at the level of sternomanubrial junction with associated hemothorax. The LIMA remained patent and a pinhole source of extravasation was discovered by angiography at the aneurysmal site. The defect was successfully repaired by endovascular implant of a 3.5 mm × 12 mm Graft Master covered stent (Abbott Vascular). The patient recovered well from the procedure without further complications and was discharged after a total of 48 days of hospital stay. Our experience confirms the feasibility of repairing post-operative pseudoaneurysm in the internal mammary artery by endovascular stent grafting, thereby avoiding the risks and complications of a repeat open chest procedure. PMID:23378258

  19. Coronary artery and graft spasm after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Toshihiro Fukui; Shuichiro Takanashi; Yasuyuki Hosoda

    2005-01-01

    We report a case of a 52-year-old man with severe coronary artery and graft spasm after triple-vessel off-pump coronary artery\\u000a bypass grafting. Emergent coronary angiography was performed to identify the location and severity of the spasm. Intracoronary\\u000a injections of several vasodilators failed to relieve the spasm. Observational treatments including intra-aortic balloon pump\\u000a and inotropic drugs to increase coronary flow were

  20. Perivascular Nitric Oxide Delivery to Saphenous Vein Grafts Prevents Graft Stenosis after Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting: A Novel Sheep Model

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kyomars Abbasi; Keivan Shalileh; Maryam Sotudeh Anvari; Shahram Rabbani; Abolfazl Mahdanian; Seyed Hosein Ahmadi; Naghmeh Moshtaghi; Namvar Movahedi; Abbasali Karimi

    2011-01-01

    Objectives: Graft stenosis is a major complication of coronary artery bypass grafting with autologous saphenous vein grafts. Nitric oxide (NO) is believed to prevent this phenomenon. We studied the effect of perivascular application of an NO donor on the degree of stenosis of such grafts in an ovine model. Methods: Twenty white Iranian ewes were randomized to coronary artery bypass

  1. Economics of coronary artery bypass grafting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alan Williams

    1985-01-01

    To decide whether the number of operations for coronary artery bypass grafting should be increased, maintained at the present levels, or decreased we need to know how cost effective they are relative to other claimants on the resources of the National Health Service. For this purpose effectiveness is taken to be the effect on life expectancy adjusted for the quality

  2. Does off-pump total arterial grafting increase the incidence of intraoperative graft failure?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lognathen Balacumaraswami; Yasir Abu-Omar; Kyriakos Anastasiadis; Bikram Choudhary; David Pigott; David P. Taggart

    2010-01-01

    Methods: We performed a prospective observational study to assess intraoperative graft patency in patients undergoing off-pump and on- pump coronary artery bypass grafting, who also underwent total arterial grafting. We used an intraoperative imaging system, SPY (Novadaq Technologies Inc), based on the fluorescent properties of indocyanine green dye. Results: We assessed the intraoperative graft patency of 533 conduits in 200

  3. Preventing Deep Wound Infection after Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

    PubMed Central

    Bryan, Charles S.; Yarbrough, William M.

    2013-01-01

    The consequences of deep wound infections before, during, and after coronary artery bypass grafting have prompted research to clarify risk factors and explore preventive measures to keep infection rates at an irreducible minimum. An analysis of 42 studies in which investigators used multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that diabetes mellitus and obesity are by far the chief preoperative risk factors. A 4-point preoperative scoring system based on a patient's body mass index and the presence or absence of diabetes is one practical way to determine the risk of mediastinitis, and other risk-estimate methods are being refined. Intraoperative risk factors include prolonged perfusion time, the use of one or more internal mammary arteries as grafts, blood transfusion, and mechanical circulatory assistance. The chief postoperative risk factor is reoperation, usually for bleeding. Unresolved issues include the optimal approach to Staphylococcus aureus nasal colonization and the choice of a prophylactic antibiotic regimen. We recommend that cardiac surgery programs supplement their audit processes and ongoing vigilance for infections with periodic, multidisciplinary reviews of best-practice standards for preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative patient care. PMID:23678210

  4. Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting using skeletonized in situ arterial grafts

    PubMed Central

    Suzuki, Tomoaki; Nota, Hiromitsu; Kuroyanagi, Satoshi; Kinoshita, Takeshi; Takashima, Noriyuki; Hayakawa, Masato; Naito, Shiho

    2013-01-01

    Skeletonization is an advanced technique of graft harvesting for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), and while it requires meticulous attention, it has many advantages. For example, skeletonization of internal thoracic artery (ITA) can minimize sternal ischemia and lower the risk of mediastinitis, and is longer and larger than pedicled ITA. In this article we describe the surgical techniques demonstrated in our video, which details our techniques of skeletonization of arterial grafts and off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) exclusively using these in situ grafts. Our method of right gastroepiploic artery (GEA) skeletonization has only three technical steps. The first step is to pass thin vessel loops under the GEA. The second step is to unroof the tissue surrounding the GEA. The last step is to seal and sever all the branches. Skeletonization of the GEA not only prevents vasospasm but also leads to GEA dilatation, and facilitates inspection and makes sequential anastomosis easier. Bilateral use of the skeletonized ITA and use of the skeletonized GEA can cover most coronary artery target sites without any manipulation of the ascending aorta. In our consecutive series of over 1,000 patients, the stroke rate was 0.5%. Our method helps to make the technique simple and secure in this technically demanding operation, and we believe that OPCAB with these grafts provides the best possible coronary revascularization. PMID:23977635

  5. Early and mid-term results of minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting

    PubMed Central

    Pande, Shantanu; Agarwal, Surendra K.; Gupta, Devendra; Mohanty, Satayapriya; Kapoor, Aditya; Tewari, Satyendra; Bansal, Anubhav; Ambesh, Sushil P.

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting (MICABG) is a less invasive method of performing surgical revascularization. This technique coupled with use of off pump technique of surgical revascularization makes it truly less invasive. This method is highly effective even in high-risk patients. Results of this procedure are comparable to standard off pump technique and are better than percutaneous coronary intervention utilizing drug-eluting stent. We present an early and mid-term result of the use of this technique. Method We enrolled 33 patients for analysis operated between 2008 and 2012. Operation was performed utilizing off-pump technique of coronary artery bypass grafting through a minimal invasive incision. Left internal mammary artery graft was done for single vessel disease and radial artery was utilized for other grafts if required. Median follow up of 2.5 years (6 months–4 years) is available. Results Median age was 58.5 years (41–77) and all were male. Single vessel disease was present in 7, double vessel in 14 and triple vessel disease in 12 patients. All the patients had normal left ventricular size and function. There was no operative and 30-day mortality. Conversion to median sternotomy to complete the operation was done in 6.6% (2 out of 33 patients). One patient had acute myocardial infarction and there were no deaths during follow up. Conclusion MICABG is a safe and effective method of revascularization in low risk candidates for coronary artery bypass grafting. PMID:24814114

  6. Adrenal function during coronary artery bypass grafting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christoph Henzen; Richard Kobza; Birgit Schwaller-Protzmann; Peter Stulz; Verena A Briner

    2003-01-01

    Objective: To assess adrenal function in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) by means of the low-dose (1mg) ACTH test, and to correlate the adrenal function with clinical outcome. Methods: During a 5-month period we prospectively included 45 patients undergoing elective CABG with cardiopulmonary bypass and without symptoms of endocrine disease. Low-dose (1mg) ACTH tests were performed on the

  7. Intraoperative Color Doppler Ultrasound Assessment of LIMA-to-LAD Anastomoses in Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rune Haaverstad; Nicola Vitale; Ole Tjomsland; Arve Tromsdal; Hans Torp; Stein O. Samstad

    Background. Although techniques for off-pump coro- nary artery bypass grafting (CABG) are continually being refined, angiographic follow-up studies have indicated a higher rate of anastomoses-related stenoses than ex- pected after traditional on-pump CABG. This study was performed to evaluate the use of intraoperative epicar- dial color Doppler ultrasound to quality-assess left inter- nal mammary artery (LIMA) to left anterior descending

  8. Why is the mammary artery so special and what protects it from atherosclerosis?

    PubMed Central

    Otsuka, Fumiyuki; Yahagi, Kazuyuki; Sakakura, Kenichi

    2013-01-01

    The internal mammary artery (IMA) grafts have been associated with long-term patency and improved survival as compared to saphenous vein grafts (SVGs). Early failure of IMA is attributed to poor surgical technique and less with thrombosis. Similarly, bypass surgery especially with the use of IMA has also been shown to be superior at 1-year as well as over five years compared to percutaneous procedures, including the use of drug-eluting stents for the treatment of coronary artery disease. The superiority of IMAs over SVGs can be attributed to its striking resistance to the development of atherosclerosis. Structurally its endothelial layer shows fewer fenestrations, lower intercellular junction permeability, greater anti-thrombotic molecules such as heparin sulfate and tissue plasminogen activator, and higher endothelial nitric oxide production, which are some of the unique ways that make the IMA impervious to the transfer of lipoproteins, which are responsible for the development of atherosclerosis. A better comprehension of the molecular resistance to the generation of adhesion molecules that are involved in the transfer of inflammatory cells into the arterial wall that also induce smooth muscle cell proliferation is needed. This basic understanding is crucial to championing the use of IMA as the first line of defense for the treatment of coronary artery disease. PMID:23977631

  9. Dextrocardia with situs inversus totalis: coronary artery bypass grafting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Salila Hashmi; Mariam Anis; Umer Darr

    2012-01-01

    Dextrocardia with situs inversus is a rare congenital abnormality involving a left-handed mal rotation of the visceral organs. The incidence of coronary artery disease is the same as that in the general population. Performing coronary artery bypass surgery on patients with dextrocardia poses a more challenging task. It is recommended that the right internal mammary artery be the first choice

  10. Late fiber deterioration in Dacron arterial grafts.

    PubMed Central

    Berger, K; Sauvage, L R

    1981-01-01

    The occurrence of late fiber deterioration was examined in 493 Dacron arterial prostheses. Grafts implanted were of four types: 137 Meadox Wesolowski Weavenit (WN), 71 Golaski Microknit (MK), 70 USCI Sauvage(Tm) external velour non-crimped (EVNC), and 215 USCI Sauvage external velour random-crimped (EVRC). Prostheses had been implanted for three to 15.3 years; no defects were detected prior to three years. Deterioration occurred in 15 of 493 grafts (mean incidence: 3%). Between 4.9% and 5.8% of patients had graft deterioration-nearly the same incidence in all four types of grafts. Deterioration consisted of thinning and breakage of yarn filaments, causing development of holes and, in some cases, graft dilatation. Dilatation did not always precede filament breakage. Broken filament ends were either tapered or square-ended, suggesting that modes of breakage. Tensile strength tests howed that fibers sometimes weakened nonuniformly within a specimen. Fiber breakage was associated with crimp ridges. The findings suggest that manufacturing variations probably reduce fiber resistance to mechanical fatigue. Other contributing factors may include storage conditions, sterilization methods, handling, and the degradative effects of tissue fluids and enzymes. Images Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3. Fig. 4. Fig. 5. Fig. 6. Fig. 7. PMID:6452101

  11. Treatment of an Iatrogenic Left Internal Mammary Artery to Pulmonary Artery Fistula with a Bovine Pericardium Covered Stent

    SciTech Connect

    Heper, Gulumser [SSK Ihtisas Hospital, Department of Cardiology (Turkey)], E-mail: heperg@hotmail.com; Barcin, Cem; Iyisoy, Atila; Tore, Hasan F. [Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Department of Cardiology (Turkey)

    2006-10-15

    We report a case with an acquired fistula between the left internal mammary artery and the pulmonary artery following coronary bypass surgery treated with a bovine pericardium covered stent. We also reviewed similar cases reported previously.

  12. First jejunal artery, an alternative graft for right hepatic artery reconstruction

    PubMed Central

    Aryal, Bibek; Komokata, Teruo; Kadono, Jun; Motodaka, Hiroyuki; Ueno, Tetsuya; Furoi, Akira; Imoto, Yutaka

    2015-01-01

    Common bile duct cancer invading right hepatic artery is sometimes diagnosed intraoperatively. Excision and safe reconstruction of the artery with suitable graft is essential. Arterial reconstruction with autologous saphenous vein graft is the preferred method practiced routinely. However the right hepatic artery reconstruction has also been carried out with several other vessels like gastroduodenal artery, right gastroepiploic artery or the splenic artery. We report a case of 63-year-old man presenting with history of progressive jaundice, pruritus and impaired appetite. Following various imaging modalities including computed tomography, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography, intraductal ultrasound extrahepatic bile duct cancer was diagnosed; however, none of those detected vessel invasion. Intraoperatively, right hepatic artery invasion was revealed. Right hepatic artery was resected and reconstructed with a graft harvested from the first jejunal artery (JA). Postoperative outcome was satisfactory with a long-term graft patency. First JA can be a reliable graft option for right hepatic artery reconstruction. PMID:25866610

  13. Motexafin lutetium in graft coronary artery disease

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Woodburn, Kathryn W.; Rodriquez, Shari L.; Yamaguchi, Atsushi; Hayase, Motoya; Robbins, Robert C.; Kessel, David

    2000-03-01

    Graft coronary artery disease (GCAD) is the chief complication following cardiac transplantation. Presently, there are limited treatment options. Insights into more expedient diagnosis and amelioration, if only partially, of GCAD are fervently sought. The selectivity of Antrin Injection (Lu-Tex) with subsequent photoactivation has been evaluated in several preclinical atherosclerosis models. The inhibitory effect of Lu-Tex induced photosensitization was demonstrated with human bypass coronary smooth muscle cells. The biodistribution of Lu-Tex was evaluated in a rat model of heterotopic cardiac allografts 60 days following transplantation. Lu-Tex was retained in the cardiac allograft, exhibiting a five-fold increase in retention between the allograft and native heart. These findings lead us to suggest that further studies are warranted to ascertain the merits of Lu-Tex for the diagnosis and possible attenuation of chronic graft vascular disease.

  14. Coronary artery bypass grafting in Native Americans

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Brahmajee K. Nallamothu; Sanjay Saint; Som Saha; A. Mark Fendrick; Keith Kelley; Scott D. Ramsey

    2001-01-01

    BACKGROUND: While the efficacy and safety of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has been established in several clinical trials,\\u000a little is known about its outcomes in Native Americans.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: We assessed clinical outcomes associated with CABG in 155 Native Americans using a national database of 18,061 patients from\\u000a 25 nongovernmental, not-for-profit U.S. health care facilities. Patients were

  15. Percutaneous vertebral angioplasty before coronary artery bypass grafting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ikuo Fukuda; Wahei Mihara; Akinobu Sasaki; Seigo Gomi

    2000-01-01

    We report a case of a 63-year-old male with three-vessel coronary heart disease complicated by stenosis of the bilateral vertebral arteries. Triple coronary bypass grafting, using arterial conduits, was successfully performed after percutaneous balloon angioplasty of the left vertebral artery. Precedent angioplasty of a stenotic vertebral artery is safe and protects the brain from ischemia during extracorporeal circulation.

  16. Unligated left internal mammary artery side branch resulting in coronary artery steal syndrome.

    PubMed

    Chalvatzoulis, Eleftherios; Ananiadou, Olga; Madesis, Athanasios; Christoforidis, Theofilos; Katsaridis, Vasilios; Drossos, George

    2011-09-01

    Whether internal mammary artery side branches have the potential for hemodynamically significant flow steal in cases of postcoronary surgery ischemia remains a controversial issue. We present a case in which coil embolization of two unligated side branches resulted in symptomatic improvement and resolution of ischemia as evidenced by myoview imaging.? PMID:21951036

  17. Stent-Graft Repair of a Splenic Artery Aneurysm

    SciTech Connect

    Yoon, Hyun-Ki; Lindh, Mats; Uher, Petr [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Malmoe University Hospital, University of Lund, S-205 02 Malmoe (Sweden); Lindblad, Bengt [Department of Vascular Disease, Malmoe University Hospital, University of Lund, S-205 02 Malmoe (Sweden); Ivancev, Krasnodar [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Malmoe University Hospital, University of Lund, S-205 02 Malmoe (Sweden)

    2001-05-15

    We present a case of splenic artery aneurysm (SAA) treated with stent-grafts. This new method offers the benefit of preserving the blood flow through the splenic artery. This in turn allows for subsequent sequential embolization of the spleen when indicated, as in our patient with hypersplenism. This is the first reported case of stent-graft repair of SAA.

  18. Two internal thoracic artery grafts are better than one

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bruce W. Lytle; Eugene H. Blackstone; Floyd D. Loop; Penny L. Houghtaling; John H. Arnold; Rami Akhrass; Patrick M. McCarthy; Delos M. Cosgrove

    1999-01-01

    Objective: Does the use of bilateral internal thoracic artery (ITA) grafts provide incremental benefit relative to the use of a single ITA graft? Methods: We conducted a retrospective, nonrandomized, long-term (mean follow-up interval of 10 postoperative years) study of patients undergoing elective primary isolated coronary bypass surgery who received either single (8123 patients) or bilateral ITA grafts (2001 patients), with

  19. The left internal thoracic artery and radial artery composite graft in off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting.

    PubMed

    Tanaka, Hiroyuki; Narisawa, Takashi; Mori, Nobutaka; Masuda, Mikio; Kishi, Daijirou; Suzuki, Takashi; Takaba, Toshihiro

    2002-08-01

    Arterial multivessel bypass grafting without extra corporeal circulation and manipulation of the ascending aorta should be a good surgical option for the treatment of coronary artery disease. An internal thoracic artery (ITA)-radial artery (RA) composite graft was used for this purpose. Between July 2000 and October 2001, we employed the LITA-RA composite graft for off-pump coronary artery bypass in 15 cases. Mean patient age was 71.3 +/- 5.8 years old. Left main trunk disease was present in six patients and triple-vessel disease in four patients. Preoperative concomitant disease was renal dysfunction in three cases, cerebrovascular disease in four and diabetes mellitus in five cases. Two patients had a so-called bad aorta. Twelve elective operations and three urgent operations were carried out for unstable angina. Two to four (mean 2.6 +/- 0.7) anastomoses were performed per patient. Complete revascularization was achieved in 12 out of 15 patients. Mean operating time was 335 +/- 53 min. Mean intraoperative blood loss was 595 +/- 375 ml and nine patients underwent the operation without blood transfusion. There was no PMI, no brain disorder, and no death. Postoperative coronary angiography in all patients documented a good patency rate (LITA 15/15, RA 21/21, right gastroepiploic artery (RGEA) 2/2, and saphenous vein graft (SVG) 0/2). LITA-RA composite grafting in off-pump coronary artery bypass enables arterial multivessel revascularization using an aortic no touch technique. This can be done with minimum postoperative complications and without risk of cerebral infarction even in patients at high risk for extracorporeal circulation (ECC). PMID:12472383

  20. Detection of Helicobacter pylori DNA in Aortic and Left Internal Mammary Artery Biopsies

    PubMed Central

    Iriz, Erkan; Cirak, Meltem Yalinay; Engin, Evren Doruk; Zor, Mustafa Hakan; Erer, Dilek; Ozdogan, Mehmet Emin; Turet, Sevgi; Yener, Ali

    2008-01-01

    We investigated the relationship between acute coronary ischemia and the presence of Helicobacter pylori DNA in aortic regions that were absent macroscopic atheromatous plaques. The study group (Group 1) consisted of 42 patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting. Biopsy samples were obtained from 2 different locations: from regions of the aorta that were free (macroscopically) of atheromatous plaque (Group 1A), and from the internal mammary artery (Group 1B). The control group (Group 2) of 10 patients who had no atherosclerotic vascular disease provided aortic tissue samples for comparison. The real-time polymerase chain reaction method was used to detect H. pylori DNA in all biopsy samples. Eleven of 42 aortic tissue samples (26%) in Group 1A were positive for H. pylori DNA. Neither biopsies from the left internal mammary arteries of those patients nor biopsies from the aortas of the control group (Group 2) were positive for H. pylori DNA. There was a statistically significant difference between 1A and 1B in terms of H. pylori positivity (P=0.001). In Group 1 as a whole, acute coronary ischemia was more prevalent in the H. pylori-positive patients than in the H. pylori-negative patients (P=0.001). To our knowledge, this is the 1st study to investigate the detection of H. pylori DNA in aortic biopsy samples that are macroscopically free of atheromatous plaque. Such detection in patients who have atherosclerotic coronary artery disease could be an important indication of the role of microorganisms in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. PMID:18612444

  1. Use of cryopreserved cadaveric arterial allograft as a vascular conduit for peripheral arterial graft infection

    PubMed Central

    Kwon, Hyojeong; Kwon, Hyunwook; Hong, Joon Pio; Han, Youngjin; Park, Hojong; Song, Gi-Won; Kwon, Tae-Won

    2015-01-01

    Major peripheral arterial graft infection is a potentially devastating complication of vascular surgery, associated with significant mortality and high amputation rates. Autologous saphenous veins are considered optimal arterial conduits for lower extremity revascularization in infected fields, but they are often unavailable or unsuitable in these patients. This study describes two patients with major peripheral graft infection, but without available autologous veins, who underwent graft excision and cryopreserved cadaveric arterial allograft reconstruction. Although long-term graft durability is unclear because of gradual deterioration and degeneration, these findings suggest that cadaveric allografts may be good options for patients with major peripheral graft infection.

  2. Outcomes of coronary artery bypass graft surgery

    PubMed Central

    Hawkes, Anna Louise; Nowak, Madeleine; Bidstrup, Benjamin; Speare, Richard

    2006-01-01

    This review article summarizes the major studies that have investigated the outcomes of coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). The article includes a review of the literature in the areas of: history of CABG; indications for CABG; and measurement of quality of life following CABG, including prolongation of life, physical functioning (ie, relief from angina and dyspnea, physical activity, as well as complications of surgery and re-hospitalization), psychological functioning, and social functioning. Overall, the literature demonstrates that the outcomes of CABG have historically been measured in terms of mortality and morbidity; however, it has now been well recognized that adjustment to CABG is a multidimensional phenomenon that is not fully explained by medical factors. Therefore, in addition to studying mortality and morbidity outcomes following CABG, many recent studies have identified that it is important to investigate various physical, psychological, and social variables that have a significant impact on post-operative adjustment to CABG. PMID:17323602

  3. Late angiographic result of using the right gastroepiploic artery as a graft

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hisayoshi Suma; Tadashi Isomura; Taiko Horii; Toru Sato

    2000-01-01

    Objective: The angiographic patency of the right gastroepiploic artery graft used for coronary artery bypass grafting was studied during the late (5-10 years) postoperative period. Methods: Among 936 patients undergoing a gastroepiploic artery graft for coronary artery bypass grafting between 1986 and 1999, postoperative angiographic restudy was conducted on 685 patients within 1 year (mean, 2.2 months), on 102 patients

  4. Intrathecal morphine for off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Samuel Metz; Nanette Schwann; Wael Hassanein; Brian Yuskevich; Todd Nixon

    2004-01-01

    Objective: To determine if preinduction intrathecal morphine is associated with successful intraoperative extubation in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting.Design: A retrospective noncontrolled chart review of all patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting.Setting: Single university hospital.Participants: One hundred twelve patients.Interventions: One hundred twelve of 150 patients received preinduction intrathecal morphine as part of routine anesthetic care for off-pump

  5. Coronary artery bypass grafting after orthotopic heart transplantationq

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Muscia; M. Pasic; R. Meyer; E. Wellnhoferb Loebe; Y. Weng

    Objective: Graft coronary disease (GCD) remains the major determinant of long-term survival after heart transplantation. Therapeutic strategies for the prevention or retardation of GCD in the cardiac allograft are limited, and palliative surgical coronary revascularization has been attempted. The aim of this report was to retrospectively analyze our results of coronary artery bypass grafting after cardiac transplanta- tion. This paper

  6. Coronary artery bypass grafting after orthotopic heart transplantation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Musci; M. Pasic; R. Meyer; M. Loebe; E. Wellnhofer; Y. Weng; H. Kuppe; R. Hetzer

    1999-01-01

    Objective: Graft coronary disease (GCD) remains the major determinant of long-term survival after heart transplantation. Therapeutic strategies for the prevention or retardation of GCD in the cardiac allograft are limited, and palliative surgical coronary revascularization has been attempted. The aim of this report was to retrospectively analyze our results of coronary artery bypass grafting after cardiac transplantation. This paper correlates

  7. Coronary artery bypass grafting in chronic renal dialysis patients: intensive perioperative dialysis and extensive usage of arterial grafts

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. Koyanagi; H. Nishida; M. Endo; H. Koyanagi

    1994-01-01

    Twenty-three chronic renal dialysis patients underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Eigh- teen patients were maintained on hemodialysis and 5 patients received continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. Eighteen patients (78%) had triple vessel disease or left main disease. The mean number of revascularized vessels was 2.2 kO.8, and the graft materials used were left internal thoracic artery (21), right internal thoracic

  8. POST CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS GRAFT STUDY (CABG)

    EPA Science Inventory

    Relative effectiveness of moderate versus more aggressive lipid lowering, and of low dose anticoagulation versus placebo, in delaying saphenous vein coronary bypass graft atherosclerosis and preventing occlusion of saphenous grafts of patients with saphenous vein coronary bypass ...

  9. The impact of sequential grafting on clinical outcomes following coronary artery bypass grafting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maral Ouzounian; Ansar Hassan; Alexandra M. Yip; Karen J. Buth; Roger J. F. Baskett; Imtiaz S. Ali; Gregory M. Hirsch

    2010-01-01

    Objectives: Sequential anastomoses in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) offer theoretical advantages including increased graft flow and more complete revascularisation. However, published studies concerning the safety and efficacy of this technique are not definitive. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of sequential anastomoses on outcomes following CABG. Methods: Perioperative data were prospectively collected on all patients

  10. Total endoscopic off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting.

    PubMed

    Falk, V; Diegeler, A; Walther, T; Jacobs, S; Raumans, J; Mohr, F W

    2000-01-01

    Two cases of totally endoscopic off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (TECAB) of the left internal thoracic artery to the left anterior descending artery using the da Vincitrade mark telemanipulation system (Intuitive Surgical, Mountain View, CA) are described. A new articulating endoscopic stabilizer with cleats was developed to enable endoscopic anchoring of silastic vessel loops for vascular occlusion. Newly created attachments for irrigation and suction, along with active robotic enhanced assistance by a second surgical console, permitted our group to perform for the first time a truly endoscopic bypass grafting without any thoracotomy. PMID:11064543

  11. Combined coronary artery bypass grafting and carotid endarterectomy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M Vicaretti; J. P Fletcher; P Klineberg; A. J Richardson; S Hazelton; R Allen; P Tomlinson; G Nunn; R Chard; W Meldrum-Hanna

    1997-01-01

    Combined carotid endarterectomy and coronary artery bypass grafting was performed in 52 patients between January 1982 and September 1994. Forty-nine patients had stable or unstable angina and three had symptom-free coronary artery disease detected by stress testing. Thirty-one patients had triple-vessel disease and 17 had left main trunk or left main equivalent coronary artery disease. Five patients had symptom-free carotid

  12. The role of preoperative radial artery ultrasound and digital plethysmography prior to coronary artery bypass grafting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Evelio Rodriguez; Michael L. Ormont; Erica H. Lambert; Laurence Needleman; Ethan J. Halpern; James T. Diehl; Richard N. Edie; John D. Mannion

    2001-01-01

    Objective: Doppler ultrasound and digital plethysmography are used at our institution to determine the suitability of the radial artery for harvest prior to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The purpose of this study is to determine the value of this preoperative evaluation. Methods: A retrospective analysis of non-invasive radial artery testing was performed on 187 CABG patients. Criteria used to

  13. Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting in Native Americans

    PubMed Central

    Nallamothu, Brahmajee K; Saint, Sanjay; Saha, Som; Fendrick, A Mark; Kelley, Keith; Ramsey, Scott D

    2001-01-01

    BACKGROUND While the efficacy and safety of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has been established in several clinical trials, little is known about its outcomes in Native Americans. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS We assessed clinical outcomes associated with CABG in 155 Native Americans using a national database of 18,061 patients from 25 nongovernmental, not-for-profit U.S. health care facilities. Patients were classified into five groups: 1) Native American, 2) white, 3) African American, 4) Hispanic, and 5) Asian. We evaluated for ethnic differences in in-hospital mortality and length of stay, and after adjusting for age, gender, surgical priority, case-mix severity, insurance status, and facility characteristics (volume, location, and teaching status). Overall, we found the adjusted risk for in-hospital death to be higher in Native Americans when compared to whites (odds ratio [OR], 3.8; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.5 to 9.8), African Americans (OR, 3.4; 95% CI, 1.1 to 9.9), Hispanics (OR, 7.1; 95% CI, 2.5 to 20.3), and Asians (OR, 2.8; 95% CI, 1.1 to 7.0). No significant differences were found in length of stay after adjustment across ethnic groups. CONCLUSIONS The risk of in-hospital death following CABG may be higher in Native Americans than in other ethnic groups. Given the small number of Native Americans in the database (n = 155), however, further research will be needed to confirm these findings. PMID:11556933

  14. Treatment of Secondary Stent-Graft Collapse After Endovascular Stent-Grafting for Iliac Artery Pseudoaneurysms

    SciTech Connect

    Clevert, D.-A. [Institute of Clinical Radiology, University of Munich - Grosshadern Campus (Germany)], E-mail: clevert@web.de; Stickel, M.; Steitz, H.-O.; Kopp, R. [University of Munich, Department of Surgery, Klinikum Grosshadern (Germany); Strautz, T.; Flach, P.; Johnson, T. [Institute of Clinical Radiology, University of Munich - Grosshadern Campus (Germany); Jung, E.M. [Klinikum Passau, Department of Diagnostic Radiology (Germany); Jauch, K.W. [University of Munich, Department of Surgery, Klinikum Grosshadern (Germany); Reiser, M. [Institute of Clinical Radiology, University of Munich - Grosshadern Campus (Germany)

    2007-02-15

    We report the case of a patient who developed an asymptomatic pseudoaneurysm in the left external iliac artery after transplant nephrectomy. The pseudoaneurysm most probably arose as a suture aneurysm from the external iliac artery after removal of the graft renal artery. Obviously we can not exclude the possibility it was a true aneurysm, although this seems much less likely. The pseudoaneurysm was detected during a routine CT scan and was treated interventionally with a stent-graft. One month later the asymptomatic patient underwent a vascular ultrasound examination including color Doppler, power Doppler, and B-flow as a routine control. An endoleak with collapse of the stent-graft was diagnosed. There was no evidence of stent infection. At a reintervention, the pseudoaneurysm was successfully treated using two uncovered Palmaz stents at the proximal and distal edge of the stent graft. Peri- and post-interventional ultrasound and CT angiography confirmed the exclusion of the aneurysm without an endoleak.

  15. Hyperhomocysteinemia and Mortality after Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Domenico Girelli; Nicola Martinelli; Oliviero Olivieri; Francesca Pizzolo; Simonetta Friso; Giovanni Faccini; Claudia Bozzini; Ilaria Tenuti; Valentina Lotto; Giuliano Villa; Patrizia Guarini; Elisabetta Trabetti; Pier Franco Pignatti; Alessandro Mazzucco; Roberto Corrocher; Thomas Zwaka

    2006-01-01

    BackgroundThe independent prognostic impact, as well as the possible causal role, of hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) in coronary artery disease (CAD) is controversial. No previous study specifically has addressed the relationship between HHcy and mortality after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. The aim of this study is to evaluate the prognostic impact of HHcy after CABG surgery.Methodology and Principal FindingsWe prospectively

  16. Percutaneous coronary intervention versus coronary-artery bypass grafting for severe coronary artery disease

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Patrick W. Serruys; Marie-Claude Morice; A. Pieter Kappetein; Antonio Colombo; David R. Holmes; Michael J. Mack; E. Stahle; Ted E. Feldman; Marcel van den Brand; Eric J. Bass; Nic Van Dyck; K. Leadly; Keith D. Dawkins; Friedrich W. Mohr

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) involving drug-eluting stents is increasingly used to treat complex coronary artery disease, although coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG) has been the treatment of choice historically. Our trial compared PCI and CABG for treating patients with previously untreated three-vessel or left main coronary artery disease (or both). METHODS We randomly assigned 1800 patients with three-vessel or left

  17. Safe, highly selective use of pulmonary artery catheters in coronary artery bypass grafting: an objective patient selection method

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas A Schwann; Anoar Zacharias; Christopher J Riordan; Samuel J Durham; Milo Engoren; Robert H Habib

    2002-01-01

    Background. Routine versus selective use of pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) monitoring in coronary artery bypass grafting operations is a topic of significant debate. Accordingly, we retrospectively examined operative outcomes in 2,685 consecutive (1994 to 1998) coronary artery bypass grafting patients in whom PAC use was highly selective. Next, we developed a quantitative model of PAC use in terms of its

  18. Safe, Highly Selective Use of Pulmonary Artery Catheters in Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting: An Objective Patient Selection Method

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas A. Schwann; Anoar Zacharias; Christopher J. Riordan; Samuel J. Durham; Milo Engoren; Robert H. Habib

    2010-01-01

    Background. Routine versus selective use of pulmo- nary artery catheter (PAC) monitoring in coronary artery bypass grafting operations is a topic of significant debate. Accordingly, we retrospectively examined operative out- comes in 2,685 consecutive (1994 to 1998) coronary artery bypass grafting patients in whom PAC use was highly selective. Next, we developed a quantitative model of PAC use in terms

  19. Concomitant subclavian and coronary artery disease

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas J Takach; George J Reul; Igor Gregoric; Zvonimer Krajcer; J. Michael Duncan; James J Livesay; Denton A Cooley

    2001-01-01

    Background. Proximal subclavian artery occlusive disease in the presence of a patent internal mammary artery used as a conduit for a coronary artery bypass graft procedure may cause reversal of internal mammary artery flow (coronary-subclavian steal) and produce myocardial ischemia.Methods. We reviewed outcome to determine whether subclavian artery revascularization can provide effective protection from and treatment for coronary-subclavian steal. Between

  20. Composite versus conventional coronary artery bypass grafting strategy for the anterolateral territory: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background In severe coronary artery disease, coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery is indicated to re-establish an adequate blood supply to the ischemic myocardium. Effectiveness of CABG surgery for symptom relief and mortality decrease should therefore depend on bypass graft patency. As bypass using a left internal mammary artery (LIMA)-to-left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) anastomosis allows the best results in terms of graft patency, we designed a new surgical technique using a saphenous vein graft as a venous bridge to distribute the LIMA flow to the cardiac anterolateral territory. This novel strategy could extend the patency benefits associated to the LIMA. Other potential benefits of this technique include easier surgical technique, possibility to use saphenous vein grafts as vein patch angioplasty, shorter saphenous vein grafts requirement and reduced or eliminated manipulations of the ascendant aorta (and associated stroke risk). Methods/Design Between July 2012 and 2016, 200 patients undergoing a primary isolated CABG surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass with a LAD bypass graft and at least another target on the anterolateral territory will be randomized (1:1) according to 1) the new composite strategy and 2) the conventional strategy with a LIMA-to-LAD anastomosis and revascularization of the other anterolateral target(s) with a separated aorto-coronary saphenous vein graft. The primary objective of the trial is to assess whether the composite strategy allows non-inferior anterolateral graft patency index (proportion of non-occluded CABGs out of the total number of CABGs) compared to the conventional technique. The primary outcome is the anterolateral graft patency index, evaluated at one year by 256-slice computed tomography angiography. Ten years of clinical follow-up is planned to assess clinical outcomes including death, myocardial infarction and need for revascularization. Discussion This non-inferiority trial has the potential to advance the adult cardiac surgery field, given the potential benefits associated with the composite grafting strategy. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01585285. PMID:23971858

  1. Surgical Repair of Transplant Renal Artery Stenosis With Preserved Cadaveric Iliac Artery Grafts

    PubMed Central

    Shames, Brian D.; Odorico, Jon S.; D’Alessandro, Anthony M.; Pirsch, John D.; Sollinger, Hans W.

    2003-01-01

    Objective To review the authors’ experience with ABO-matched, preserved, cadaveric, iliac artery grafts for treatment of transplant renal artery stenosis (TRAS). Summary Background Data TRAS is an important and treatable cause of hypertension and graft dysfunction in renal allograft recipients. Surgical treatment is reserved for lesions that are not amenable to percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) or for recurrence after PTA. Various surgical options for reconstruction of the transplant renal artery exist, although no single technique has been demonstrated to be superior. The authors have used preserved, blood type-matched, iliac artery grafts procured from cadaver organ donors to reconstruct transplant renal arteries in patients with specific lesions and following unsuccessful PTAs. Methods Between 1991 and 2001, 21 patients underwent reconstruction of allograft renal arteries using cadaveric iliac artery as conduit. Charts, operative notes, and imaging studies of all patients were reviewed. A successful intervention for TRAS was defined as technical success as well as a decrease in serum creatinine and/or blood pressure 6 weeks after the procedure. Development of a hemodynamically significant lesion following renal artery reconstruction was considered a recurrence. Results In patients treated with surgical reconstruction, hemodynamically significant TRAS occurred at or within 1 to 2 mm of the anastomosis in 13 patients, in the middle of the renal artery in 4, and secondary to a kink in 2 patients. Surgical treatment was undertaken in seven patients following unsuccessful PTA. Two patients had aneurysms of the iliac artery. Reconstruction using cadaveric iliac artery was successful in 19 of 21 (90%) patients, and only 1 these patients (4.8%) failed due to recurrence, with a median follow-up of 42 months. Graft loss secondary to TRAS occurred in two patients. The authors have not seen any long-term complications related to cadaveric iliac artery grafts, and the majority of the allografts continue to function well. Conclusions Surgical reconstruction of the transplant renal artery with blood type-matched iliac artery grafts should be considered a viable option for patients with specific anatomic lesions, those who have had an unsuccessful PTA, and those with recurrence following PTA. PMID:12496538

  2. Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery Using the Radial Artery as a Secondary Conduit Improves Patient Survival

    PubMed Central

    Lin, John; Cheng, Wen; Czer, Lawrence S.; De Robertis, Michele A.; Mirocha, James; Ruzza, Andrea; Kass, Robert M.; Khoynezhad, Ali; Ramzy, Danny; Esmailian, Fardad; Trento, Alfredo

    2013-01-01

    Background The clinical benefits of the left internal thoracic artery–to–left anterior descending coronary artery graft are well established in coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). However, limited data are available regarding the long?term outcome of the radial artery (RA) as a secondary conduit over the established standard of the saphenous venous graft. Methods and Results We compared the 12?year survival outcome in a set of propensity?matched CABG patients who received either the RA or the saphenous vein as a secondary conduit. A multivariable logistic regression that included 18 baseline characteristics was used to define the propensity of receiving an RA graft. The propensity model resulted in 260 matched pairs who underwent first?time isolated CABG from 1996 to 2001 with similar preoperative characteristics (C statistic=0.86). The cumulative 12?year survival estimated by use of the Kaplan–Meier method was higher for the RA graft patients (hazard ratio 0.76; P=0.03). This survival advantage was especially significant in diabetics (P=0.005), in women (P=0.02), and in the elderly (P=0.04.) The protective effect appeared beginning at year 5 post surgical intervention. Conclusion The RA as a secondary conduit provided superior long?term survival after CABG, especially in diabetic patients, women, and the elderly. This effect was most pronounced >5 years after surgery. PMID:23969224

  3. Vein Graft Preservation Solutions, Patency, and Outcomes After Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Harskamp, Ralf E.; Alexander, John H.; Schulte, Phillip J.; Brophy, Colleen M.; Mack, Michael J.; Peterson, Eric D.; Williams, Judson B.; Gibson, C. Michael; Califf, Robert M.; Kouchoukos, Nicholas T.; Harrington, Robert A.; Ferguson, T. Bruce; Lopes, Renato D.

    2015-01-01

    IMPORTANCE In vitro and animal model data suggest that intraoperative preservation solutions may influence endothelial function and vein graft failure (VGF) after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Clinical studies to validate these findings are lacking. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of vein graft preservation solutions on VGF and clinical outcomes in patients undergoing CABG surgery. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Data from the Project of Ex-Vivo Vein Graft Engineering via Transfection IV (PREVENT IV) study, a phase 3, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial that enrolled 3014 patients at 107 US sites from August 1, 2002, through October 22, 2003, were used. Eligibility criteria for the trial included CABG surgery for coronary artery disease with at least 2 planned vein grafts. INTERVENTIONS Preservation of vein grafts in saline, blood, or buffered saline solutions. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES One-year angiographic VGF and 5-year rates of death, myocardial infarction, and subsequent revascularization. RESULTS Most patients had grafts preserved in saline (1339 [44.4%]), followed by blood (971 [32.2%]) and buffered saline (507 [16.8%]). Baseline characteristics were similar among groups. One-year VGF rates were much lower in the buffered saline group than in the saline group (patient-level odds ratio [OR], 0.59 [95% CI, 0.45-0.78; P < .001]; graft-level OR, 0.63 [95% CI, 0.49-0.79; P < .001]) or the blood group (patient-level OR, 0.62 [95% CI, 0.46-0.83; P = .001]; graft-level OR, 0.63 [95% CI, 0.48-0.81; P < .001]). Use of buffered saline solution also tended to be associated with a lower 5-year risk for death, myocardial infarction, or subsequent revascularization compared with saline (hazard ratio, 0.81 [95% CI, 0.64-1.02; P = .08]) and blood (0.81 [0.63-1.03; P = .09]) solutions. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE Patients undergoing CABG whose vein grafts were preserved in a buffered saline solution had lower VGF rates and trends toward better long-term clinical outcomes compared with patients whose grafts were preserved in saline- or blood-based solutions. PMID:25073921

  4. Numerical analysis of coronary artery bypass grafts: an over view.

    PubMed

    Owida, Amal Ahmed; Do, Hung; Morsi, Yos S

    2012-11-01

    Arterial bypass grafts tend to fail after some years due to the development of intimal thickening (restenosis). Non-uniform hemodynamics following a bypass operation contributes to restenosis and bypass failure can occur due to the focal development of anastomotic intimal hyperplasia. Additionally, surgical injury aggravated by compliance mismatch between the graft and artery has been suggested as an initiating factor for progress of wall thickening along the suture line Vascular grafts that are small in diameter tend to occlude rapidly. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) methods have been effectively used to simulate the physical and geometrical parameters characterizing the hemodynamics of various arteries and bypass configurations. The effects of such changes on the pressure and flow characteristics as well as the wall shear stress during a cardiac cycle can be simulated. Recently, utilization of fluid and structure interactions have been used to determine fluid flow parameters and structure forces including stress and strains relationships under steady and transient conditions. In parallel to this, experimental diagnostics techniques such as Laser Doppler Anemometry, Particle Image Velocimetry, Doppler Guide wire and Magnetic Resonance Imaging have been used to provide essential information and to validate the numerical results. Moreover, clinical imaging techniques such as magnetic resonance or computed tomography have assisted considerably in gaining a detailed patient-specific picture of the blood flow and structure dynamics. This paper gives a review of recent numerical investigations of various configurations of coronary artery bypass grafts (CABG). In addition, the paper ends with a summary of the findings and the future directions. PMID:22217920

  5. Pain in the Postoperative Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Patient

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bunny Pozehl; Susan Barnason; Lani Zimmerman; Janet Nieveen; Joyce Crutchfield

    1995-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess and describe the multidimensional postoperative pain experience of patients (N = 194) undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) using the McGill Pain Questionnaire. Postoperative pain significantly decreased from postoperative day 2 to postoperative day 3 for all components of the McGill Pain Questionnaire. Sensory words chosen from the McGill Pain Questionnaire

  6. Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting in octogenarians

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tomoki Shimokawa; Naoki Minato; Noriko Yamada; Yuji Takeda; Yasushi Hisamatsu; Manabu Itoh

    2003-01-01

    Objectives: Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has become accepted for myocardial revascularization because it reduces perioperative\\u000a morbidity. We assessed the safety and efficacy of bypass surgery on the beating heart in elderly patients. Methods: Off-pump CABG was done in 25 patients aged 80 years or older between February 1996 and February 2001. We retrospectively\\u000a compared clinical results for these

  7. Emergency Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Can Be Performed Safely Without Cardiopulmonary Bypass in Selected Patients

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Faraz Kerendi; John D. Puskas; Joseph M. Craver; William A. Cooper; Ellis L. Jones; Omar M. Lattouf; J. David Vega; Robert A. Guyton

    2005-01-01

    Background. Patients requiring emergency surgical re- vascularization are often not considered for off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB). Methods. From 1996 to 2003, 614 patients underwent emergency coronary artery bypass grafting (Society of Thoracic Surgeons definition) at an academic institution. Forty-four (7%) of these procedures were performed without cardiopulmonary bypass, while 570 were con- ventional coronary artery bypass procedures with

  8. Save or sacrifice the internal mammary pedicle during anterior mediastinotomy?

    PubMed Central

    Apostolakis, Efstratios; Papakonstantinou, Nikolaos A.; Chlapoutakis, Serafeim; Prokakis, Christos

    2014-01-01

    Ligation and dissection of internal mammary vessels is the most under-estimated complication of anterior mediastinotomy. However, patients requiring anterior mediastinotomy may experience long survival that makes the development of ischemic heart disease throughout their life possible. Therefore, the un-judicial sacrifice of the internal mammary pedicle may deprive them from the benefit to have their internal mammary artery used as a graft in order to successfully bypass severe left anterior descending artery stenoses. We recommend the preservation of the internal mammary pedicle during anterior mediastinotomy, which should be a common message among our colleagues from the beginning of their training. PMID:24987471

  9. Novel Vascular Graft Grown Within Recipient's Own Peritoneal Cavity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Julie H. Campbell; Johnny L. Efendy; Gordon R. Campbell

    A method by which to overcome the clinical symptoms of atherosclerosis is the insertion of a graft to bypass an artery blocked or impeded by plaque. However, there may be insufficient autologous mammary artery for multiple or repeat bypass, saphenous vein may have varicose degenerative alterations that can lead to aneurysm in high-pressure sites, and small-caliber synthetic grafts are prone

  10. Combined Carotid Endarterectomy and off Pump CoronaryArtery Bypass Grafting :A Case Report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    SAN ALAM; R RAHMAN

    2009-01-01

    Summary: A 64 years male presented as a case of triple vessel coronary artery disease with bilateral asymptomatic carotid lesion. He underwent combined right carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and off pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) with excellent outcome.

  11. An Arteriovenous Fistula Between the Internal Mammary Artery and the Pulmonary Vein Following Blunt Chest Trauma

    SciTech Connect

    Ito, T., E-mail: grd1404@gr.ndmc.ac.jp; Sakamoto, Toshihisa; Norio, Hirofumi [National Defense Medical College, Department of Traumatology and Critical Care Medicine (Japan); Kaji, Tatsumi [National Defense Medical College, Department of Radiology (Japan); Okada, Yoshiaki [National Defense Medical College, Department of Traumatology and Critical Care Medicine (Japan)

    2005-01-15

    A 67-year-old man suffered a traffic accident and was transferred to an emergency hospital close to the scene. He was diagnosed to have bilateral pneumohemothorax with a lung contusion, an anterior fracture dislocation of the C6-vertebra and a cervical cord injury at the level of C7. On the 48th day, massive hemoptysis was suddenly recognized. He was transferred in a state of shock to our hospital to undergo hemostasis for the bleeding. On the day of admission, a selective arteriogram showed extravasation from the left bronchial artery, for which embolization was carried out using Gelfoam. In spite of this treatment, his hemoptysis continued. On the next day, a selective left internal mammary arteriogram showed an arteriovenous fistula between the left internal mammary artery and the left pulmonary vein without any apparent extravasation. The arteriovenous fistula was successfully embolized using platinum fiber coils. The patient no longer demonstrated any hemoptysis after embolization.

  12. Intercostal thorascopic harvesting of the internal mammary artery for supercharging a pedicled rectus abdominis flap.

    PubMed

    Kaddoura, I L; Hashim, H; Kayle, D; Shabb, B

    1998-06-01

    Thorascopic harvesting of the internal mammary artery for supercharging the rectus abdominis pedicled flap for breast reconstruction is presented. The procedure was carried on a woman who had previously undergone a mastectomy and who was obese and a diabetic. The patient underwent a "high" flap delay 2 weeks earlier. At the time of operative transfer and setting, the flap's vascularity was found to be compromised. Instead of turbocharging the deep inferior epigastric pedicle to the irradiated axillary vessels, it was possible to harvest and utilize the internal mammary artery without rib resection for the supercharging, thus saving the flap and reconstruction. The technical aspects, and possible advantages and disadvantages of such a procedure are discussed. PMID:9641287

  13. Off-pump quintuple coronary artery bypass grafting for situs inversus totalis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Toshiyuki Kuwata; Tetsuji Kawata; Takashi Ueda; Hidehito Sakaguchi; Shigeo Nagasaka; Shigeki Taniguchi

    2004-01-01

    Dextrocardia associated with situs inversus totalis is a rare condition. A 49-year-old man with dextro-cardia and situs inversus\\u000a totalis underwent off-pump quintuple coronary artery bypass grafting using bilateral internal thoracic arteries and bilateral\\u000a radial arteries. The operative technique was similar to that of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting for situs solitus.\\u000a His postoperative recovery was uneventful.

  14. The St Jude Medical symmetry aortic connector system for proximal vein graft anastomoses in coronary artery bypass grafting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Friedrich S. Eckstein; Luis F. Bonilla; Lars Englberger; Franz F. Immer; Todd A. Berg; Jürg Schmidli; Thierry P. Carrel

    2002-01-01

    Objectives: A new device designed to create proximal vein graft anastomoses to the aorta in coronary artery bypass grafting was recently developed by the St Jude Medical Anastomotic Technology Group (Minneapolis, Minn). This new anastomosis system consists of a nickel-titanium (nitinol) connector, an aortic cutter, and a delivery device. Methods: The loading of the vein on the aortic connector and

  15. Glycemic Control during Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Lazar, Harold L.

    2012-01-01

    Hyperglycemia, which occurs in the perioperative period during cardiac surgery, has been shown to be associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The management of perioperative hyperglycemia during coronary artery bypass graft surgery and all cardiac surgical procedures has been the focus of intensive study in recent years. This report will paper the pathophysiology responsible for the detrimental effects of perioperative hyperglycemia during cardiac surgery, show how continuous insulin infusions in the perioperative period have improved outcomes, and discuss the results of trials designed to determine what level of a glycemic control is necessary to achieve optimal clinical outcomes. PMID:23209941

  16. Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting provides complete revascularization with reduced myocardial injury, transfusion requirements, and length of stay: A prospective randomized comparison of two hundred unselected patients undergoing off-pump versus conventional coronary artery bypass grafting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. D. Puskas; W. H. Williams; P. G. Duke; J. R. Staples; K. E. Glas; J. J. Marshall; M. Leimbach; P. Huber; S. Garas; B. H. Sammons; S. A. McCall; R. J. Petersen; D. E. Bailey; H. Chu; E. M. Mahoney; W. S. Weintraub; R. A. Guyton

    2003-01-01

    Objective: Retrospective comparisons of selected patients undergoing off-pump versus conventional on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting have yielded inconsistent results and raised concerns about completeness of revascularization in off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting.Methods: Two hundred unselected patients referred for elective primary coronary artery bypass grafting were randomly assigned to undergo off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting with an Octopus tissue stabilizer (Medtronic,

  17. Modifiable risk factors associated with deep sternal site infection after coronary artery bypass grafting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William E. Trick; William E. Scheckler; Jerome I. Tokars; Kevin C. Jones; Mel L. Reppen; Ellen M. Smith; William R. Jarvis

    2000-01-01

    Objective: Our objective was to identify risk factors for deep sternal site infection after coronary artery bypass grafting at a community hospital. Methods: We compared the prevalence of deep sternal site infection among patients having coronary artery bypass grafting during the study (January 1995–March 1998) and pre-study (January 1992–December 1994) periods. We compared any patient having a deep sternal site

  18. UNCORRECTED 1 Computer-Aided Patient-Specific Coronary Artery Graft Design

    E-print Network

    Pekkan, Kerem

    UNCORRECTED PROOF 1 Computer-Aided Patient-Specific Coronary Artery Graft Design 2 Improvements University, 700 Technology Dr., Pittsburgh, PA 15219, USA; 7 2 Department of Vascular Surgery, Horst Schmidt-specific coronary artery by-pass graft 19 (CABG) design and, (iii) compare the hemodynamic effi- 20 ciency

  19. Dialysis grafts arterial plug: Retrieval using the tulip sheath device in vitro

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Melhem J. Sharafuddin; Jack L. Titus; Gu Xiaoping; David W. Hunter; Kurt Amplatz

    1997-01-01

    The 'arterial plug' is a resistant thrombus that frequently persists at the arterial anastomosis of clotted hemodialysis grafts following thrombolytic therapy. We studied the physical and morphological characteristics of the plug and determined the feasibility of transcatheter removal in vitro using the tulip compression thrombectomy system. Sixteen thrombus plugs were recovered during surgical thrombectomy of clotted human dialysis grafts. The

  20. Outcome of non-elective coronary artery bypass grafting without cardio-pulmonary bypass

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Varghese; Magdi H Yacoub; Richard Trimlett; Mohamed Amrani

    2001-01-01

    Objectives: There is limited experience in the use of beating heart coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in emergency and urgent cases. The aim of this study was to retrospectively assess the safety and efficacy of this technique when used in a non-elective setting. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed all urgent and emergency cases of coronary artery bypass grafting performed without cardiopulmonary

  1. Outcome of non-elective coronary artery bypass grafting without cardio-pulmonary bypass

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Varghese; Magdi H. Yacoub; Richard Trimlett; Mohamed Amrani

    2010-01-01

    Objectives: There is limited experience in the use of beating heart coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in emergency and urgent cases. The aim of this study was to retrospectively assess the safety and efficacy of this technique when used in a non-elective setting. Methods :W e retrospectively reviewed all urgent and emergency cases of coronary artery bypass grafting performed without

  2. Single and multivessel port-access coronary artery bypass grafting with cardioplegic arrest: Technique and reproducibility

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daniel S. Schwartz; Greg H. Ribakove; Eugene A. Grossi; Jess D. Schwartz; Patricia M. Buttenheim; F. Gregory Baumann; Stephen B. Colvin; Aubrey C. Galloway

    1997-01-01

    Objectives: Although minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting is now feasible, using this technique to perform anastomoses on the beating or fibrillating heart may yield poorer graft patency than the standard open techniques that use cardioplegic arrest. This study tested the feasibility and anastomotic reproducibility of minimally invasive coronary bypass using newly developed port-access coronary artery bypass technology (Heartport, Inc.,

  3. Pancreatitis-Associated Splenic Artery Pseudoaneurysm: Endovascular Treatment with Self-Expandable Stent-Grafts

    SciTech Connect

    Brountzos, Elias N. [Second Department of Radiology, Medical School, Athens University, Eugenidion Hospital, 20Papadiamantopoulou Street, Athens 11528 (Greece); Vagenas, Kostantinos [Department of Surgery, Medical School, Patras University, Patras University Hospital, Rion, Patras (Greece); Apostolopoulou, Sotiria C.; Panagiotou, Irene [Second Department of Radiology, Medical School, Athens University, Eugenidion Hospital, 20 Papadiamantopoulou Street, Athens 11528 (Greece); Lymberopoulou, Dimitra [Department of Surgery, Medical School, Patras University, Patras University Hospital, Rion, Patras (Greece); Kelekis, Dimitrios A. [Second Department of Radiology, Medical School, Athens University, Eugenidion Hospital, 20 Papadiamantopoulou Street, Athens 11528 (Greece)

    2003-02-15

    We present a patient with a splenic arterypseudoaneurysm (SAPA) treated with placement of self-expandable stent-grafts. The procedure was complicated by stent-graft migration,but successful management resulted in lasting exclusion of the SAPA,while the patency of the splenic artery was preserved. This is the first report of self-expandable stent-graft treatment of SAPA.

  4. Endovascular Treatment of a Ruptured Profunda Femoral Artery Branch After Fogarty Thrombectomy of a Femoro-Femoral Crossover Arterial Graft: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

    SciTech Connect

    Manousaki, Eirini; Tsetis, Dimitrios, E-mail: tsetis@med.uoc.g [University Hospital of Heraklion Crete, Department of Radiology, Medical School of Crete (Greece); Kostas, Theodoros; Katsamouris, Asterios [University Hospital of Heraklion Crete, Department of Vascular Surgery (Greece)

    2010-02-15

    We present a very rare case of a life-threatening rupture of a profunda femoral artery distal branch after a Fogarty thrombectomy of a thrombosed crossover synthetic graft between the ipsilateral common femoral artery and a contralateral iliac-popliteal graft; the bleeding profunda femoral artery branch was successfully embolized with metallic coils through the axillary artery approach.

  5. Endovascular treatment of a ruptured profunda femoral artery branch after fogarty thrombectomy of a femoro-femoral crossover arterial graft: a case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Manousaki, Eirini; Tsetis, Dimitrios; Kostas, Theodoros; Katsamouris, Asterios

    2010-02-01

    We present a very rare case of a life-threatening rupture of a profunda femoral artery distal branch after a Fogarty thrombectomy of a thrombosed crossover synthetic graft between the ipsilateral common femoral artery and a contralateral iliac-popliteal graft; the bleeding profunda femoral artery branch was successfully embolized with metallic coils through the axillary artery approach. PMID:19290575

  6. Percutaneous Closure of a Coronary Artery-to-Vein Graft Anastomotic Pseudoaneurysm Presenting as Acute Coronary Syndrome after Recent Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

    PubMed Central

    Sharma, Suresh; Gupta, Kamal; Wiley, Mark; Parashara, Deepak

    2015-01-01

    Pseudoaneurysm formation has been reported in degenerated coronary artery saphenous vein bypass grafts, as well as in native coronary arteries after interventional procedures or blunt trauma. In contrast, pseudoaneurysm formation arising from the anastomotic site of native coronary vessels soon after coronary artery bypass grafting is rare, and neither the clinical presentation of this phenomenon nor its treatment is well described. We present the case of a 63-year-old man, a recent coronary artery bypass grafting patient, who presented with acute coronary syndrome due to a large and expanding pseudoaneurysm of the saphenous vein-to-ramus intermedius artery graft anastomosis. After several attempts, we successfully treated the pseudoaneurysm by means of percutaneous coil embolization. To our knowledge, this is the first report of acute coronary syndrome secondary to a pseudoaneurysm at the coronary artery–saphenous vein graft anastomosis. In addition, this appears to be the first report of the percutaneous treatment of such a pseudoaneurysm by means of coil embolization. PMID:26175645

  7. A Computational Model of Optimal Vein Graft Adaptation in an Arterial Environment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ramachandra, Abhay B.; Sankaran, Sethuraman; Humphrey, Jay; Marsden, Alison

    2012-11-01

    In coronary artery disease, surgical revascularization using venous bypass grafts is performed to relieve symptoms and prolong life. Coronary bypass graft surgery is performed on approximately 500,000 people every year in the United States, with graft failure rates as high as 50% within 5 years. When a vein graft is implanted in the arterial system it adapts to the high flow rate and high pressure of the arterial environment by changing composition and geometry, and thus stiffness. Hemodynamic loads, resulting in altered wall shear and intramural stresses, are major factors impacting vein graft remodeling. Here, a constrained mixture theory of growth and remodeling for arteries is extended to model the evolution of a vein graft subjected to arterial flow and pressure conditions. A derivative-free optimization method is used to estimate the optimal set of constitutive parameters that best match passive biaxial mouse inferior vena cava data from experiments. Optimization is performed using surrogate management framework, a pattern search method with established convergence theory. The resulting parameter set is used to predict optimal vein adaptation in an arterial environment for two illustrative cases: a) Step change b) Gradual change in loading. Results are compared against vein graft data from the literature and a possible set of mechanisms for sub-optimal vein graft remodeling is suggested.

  8. Coronary artery bypass surgery during pregnancy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Silberman; D. Fink; R. S. Berko; B. Mendzelevski; D. Bitran

    1996-01-01

    A 32-year-old woman, in the 22nd week of pregnancy, underwent emergency coronary artery bypass grafting to the left anterior descending artery (LAD). She had suffered an acute myocardial infarction 10 days previously, and continued to suffer from intractable angina pectoris afterwards. Cardiac catheterization revealed spontaneous dissection of the LAD. The left internal mammary artery was used to bypass the LAD,

  9. The enabler right ventricular circulatory support system for beating heart coronary artery bypass graft surgery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gijs G Geskes; André L Dekker; Frederik H van der Veen; Audrey A Cramers; Jos G Maessen; David Shoshani; Kees B Prenger

    1999-01-01

    Background. Beating heart coronary artery bypass graft surgery of the left anterior descending, diagonal, and right coronary artery can be performed safely with the Octopus Stabilization System. However, tilting of the heart, which is necessary to reach the obtuse marginal and distal right coronary arteries, causes hemodynamic instability. This study was performed to investigate the possible role of the Enabler

  10. Conservative Management of Chylothorax after Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

    PubMed Central

    Pulathan, Zerrin; Kutanis, Dilek; Hemsinli, Dogus; Erturk, Engin; Civelek, Ali

    2015-01-01

    Chylothorax is a rare sequela to cardiac surgery, associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality. There are various medical and surgical options for its management. We describe 2 cases of chylothorax that developed after coronary artery bypass grafting and were managed successfully with medical therapy alone. Conservative treatment such as we describe aims to reduce chyle flow, to drain the pleural cavity in an effective manner, and to prevent chronic sequelae. Optimal conservative treatment, consisting of nothing by mouth and the administration of a pleurodetic agent, should be started immediately upon diagnosis. In most cases, it reduces the need for reoperation and long-term hospitalization. Prospective randomized controlled trials are nonetheless needed to confirm these assumptions. PMID:25873827

  11. Addressing the Potential Need for Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting After Free Tissue Transfer for Breast Reconstruction: An Algorithmic Approach.

    PubMed

    Maher, Janae L; Mahabir, Raman C; Roehl, Kendall R

    2015-08-01

    The number one cause of death in American women is heart disease. Studies have clearly shown the superiority of internal mammary artery (IMA) grafts for coronary revascularization over other conduits or intracoronary techniques. Our goal was to design an algorithm for recipient vessel selection in patients undergoing free tissue transfer breast reconstruction.A review of the literature was performed to identify potential evidence to contribute to a best-practice guideline. The lack of high-level evidence led us to create a guideline based on a workgroup consensus, expert opinion, cadaveric studies, and case reports.As we operate on older patient populations, the need for IMA use for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) after autologous breast reconstruction may arise more frequently. We discuss the current literature regarding recipient vessel choices and level of recipient vessel harvest in free flap breast reconstruction to help continually evolve the practices of our specialty to the potential future needs of our patients. We also present a best-practice decision algorithm for vessel selection and harvest, as well as a sample case of CABG using the left IMA 35 days after previous autologous breast reconstruction using the left IMA.As the number of patients we operate on who may later require their IMA for CABG increases, so too must our understanding of the implications of our selection of recipient vessels for free autologous breast reconstruction. PMID:26165568

  12. Coronary risk factors in patients underwent coronary artery bypass grafting.

    PubMed

    Safaei, Nasser; Alikhah, Hossein; Abadan, Younes

    2011-01-01

    Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) risk increases with increasing number of risk factors. This study was aimed to assess different coronary risk factors among Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) surgery patients. A total of 700 patients younger than 45 or older than 65 years and underwent CABG in Tabriz Shahid Madani Heart Center since 2003 to 2007 were enrolled. We examined the probable differences of CAD risk factors between male and female groups and age groups. We also assessed the change of risk factors presentation in last 5 years. There was not significant difference between risk factor numbers in <45 and >65 years groups, but smoking and dyslipidemia was more prevalent in patients < 45 than > 65 years old. Hypertension and diabetes mellitus was more prevalent in patients > 65 old than < 45 years old; also differences were found between males and females patients, so that dyslipidemia, diabetes and hypertension were more prevalent in women than men. Some risk factors were recognized as acting more on one gender than the other. Also, the majority of patients have one or more risk factors, but different age and gender groups may have different risk factors that suggest the need for exact programming for appropriate prophylactic and therapeutic interventions in all groups. PMID:21913494

  13. Angiographic Evaluation of Carotid Artery Grafting with Prefabricated Small-Diameter, Small-Intestinal Submucosa Grafts in Sheep

    SciTech Connect

    Pavcnik, Dusan, E-mail: pavcnikd@ohsu.ed [Oregon Health Sciences University, L342, Dotter Interventional Institute (United States); Obermiller, Josef [Cook Biotech (United States); Uchida, Barry T. [Oregon Health Sciences University, L342, Dotter Interventional Institute (United States); Van Alstine, William [Purdue University, Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory (United States); Edwards, James M. [Oregon Health and Science University, Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery (United States); Landry, Gregory J.; Kaufman, John A.; Keller, Frederick S.; Roesch, Josef [Oregon Health Sciences University, L342, Dotter Interventional Institute (United States)

    2009-01-15

    The purpose of this study was to report the longitudinal angiographic evaluation of prefabricated lyophilized small-intestinal submucosa (SIS) grafts placed in ovine carotid arteries and to demonstrate a variety of complications that developed. A total of 24 grafts, 10 cm long and 6 mm in diameter, were placed surgically as interposition grafts. Graft patency at 1 week was evaluated by Doppler ultrasound, and angiography was used for follow-up at 1 month and at 3 to 4 months. A 90% patency rate was found at 1 week, 65% at 1 month, and 30% at 3 to 4 months. On the patent grafts, angiography demonstrated a variety of changes, such as anastomotic stenoses, graft diffuse dilations and dissections, and aneurysm formation. These findings have not been previously demonstrated angiographically by other investigators reporting results with small-diameter vessel grafts made from fresh small-intestinal submucosa (SIS). The complications found were partially related to the graft construction from four SIS layers. Detailed longitudinal angiographic study should become an essential part of any future evaluation of small-vessel SIS grafting.

  14. Establishment of an Animal Model of Vascular Restenosis with Bilateral Carotid Artery Grafting

    PubMed Central

    Li, Ruixiong; Lan, Bin; Zhu, Tianxiang; Yang, Yanlong; Wang, Muting; Ma, Chensheng; Chen, Shu

    2014-01-01

    Background Vascular restenosis occurring after CABG is a major clinical problem that needs to be addressed. Vein grafts are associated with a higher degree of stenosis than artery grafts. However, the mechanism responsible for this effect has not been elucidated. We aimed to establish a rabbit model of vascular restenosis after bilateral carotid artery grafting, and to investigate the associated spatiotemporal changes of intimal hyperplasia in carotid artery and jugular vein grafts after surgery. Material/Methods Twenty adult New Zealand white rabbits (10 males; 10 females), weighing 2.0–2.5 kg, were obtained from the Experimental Animal Center of Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China (License No.: scxk-Guangdong-2006-0015). We quantitatively analyzed intimal thickness, area, and degree of stenosis in carotid artery and jugular vein bridges. Results After 8 weeks of a high-fat diet, rabbit carotid arteries showed early atherosclerotic lesions. With increasing time after surgery, carotid artery and jugular vein grafts showed histopathological and morphological changes, including smooth muscle cell migration, lipid deposition, intimal hyperplasia, and vascular stenosis. The degree of vascular stenosis was significantly higher in vein grafts than in artery grafts at all time points – 35.1±6.7% vs. 16.1±2.6% at Week 12, 56.2±8.5% vs. 23.4±3.4% at Week 16, and 71.2±1.3% vs. 25.2±5.3% at Week 20. Conclusions Rabbit bilateral carotid arteries were grafted with carotid artery and jugular vein bridges to simulate pathophysiological processes that occur in people after CABG surgery. PMID:25549796

  15. Pseudoaneurysm of the Common Hepatic Artery: Treatment with a Stent-Graft

    SciTech Connect

    Paci, Enrico; Antico, Ettore; Candelari, Roberto; Alborino, Salvatore [Interventional Radiology, Department of Radiology, Regional Hospital Umberto Io-Torrette, I-60020 Torrette, Ancona (Italy); Marmorale, Cristina; Landi, Eduardo [Clinical Surgery Department, University of Ancona, Regional Hospital Umberto Io-Torrette, I-60020 Torrette, Ancona (Italy)

    2000-11-15

    We report a case of a pseudoaneurysm of the common hepatic artery treated with a stent-graft in a 67-year-old man. The patient presented with severe catheter bleeding through a drain following surgical and interventional procedures performed for therapeutic management of a choledochal cholangiocarcinoma. Selective hepatic arteriography showed a pseudoaneurysm close to the origin of the gastroduodenal artery. After a preliminary attempt at arterial embolization, it was decided to use a stent-graft to bridge the false aneurysm. Complete pseudoaneurysm exclusion was seen after the procedure with preservation of hepatic arterial flow.

  16. Pregnancy management for a patient with graft occlusion after right iliac artery bypass surgery.

    PubMed

    Nakae, Ruriko; Matsuzaki, Shinya; Egawa-Takata, Tomomi; Mimura, Kazuya; Kanagawa, Takeshi; Kimura, Tadashi

    2015-06-01

    We describe an extremely rare case of a pregnant woman who had a successful delivery despite developing bypass graft occlusion after right external iliac bypass surgery. External and common iliac artery bypass surgery is often performed when arteriosclerosis obliterans or thromboangiitis obliterans result in iliac artery occlusion or when revascularization is required because of iliac artery injury. Because arteriosclerosis obliterans and thromboangiitis obliterans rarely develop in young women or girls, most physicians have little experience with graft occlusion after iliac artery bypass surgery. Here we describe and discuss the published work pertaining to this extremely rare case. PMID:25511914

  17. Off-pump coronary artery bypass graft without systemic heparin in a Jehovah Witness patient.

    PubMed

    Garcia, Lester; Avramovich, Aharon; Paparcuri, Gian; Karras, Riny; Salerno, Tomas A

    2011-05-01

    A Jehovah Witness patient with renal failure on dialysis, with low hemoglobin, underwent urgent off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting without systemic heparinization. The pros, cons, and details of the technique used are discussed. PMID:21443737

  18. Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting decreases risk-adjusted mortality and morbidity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joseph C Cleveland; A. Laurie W Shroyer; Anita Y Chen; Eric Peterson; Frederick L Grover

    2001-01-01

    Background. The purpose of this study was to determine whether coronary artery bypass grafting without cardiopulmonary bypass (off-pump CABG) decreases risk-adjusted operative death and major complications after coronary artery bypass grafting in selected patients.Methods. Using The Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) National Adult Cardiac Surgery Database, procedural outcomes were compared for conventional and off-pump CABG procedures from January 1, 1998,

  19. Dialysis grafts arterial plug: Retrieval using the tulip sheath device in vitro

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Melhem J. Sharafuddin; Jack L. Titus; Xiaoping Gu; David W. Hunter; Kurt Amplatz

    1997-01-01

    The “arterial plug” is a resistant thrombus that frequently persists at the arterial anastomosis of clotted hemodialysis grafts\\u000a following thrombolytic therapy. We studied the physical and morphological characteristics of the plug and determined the feasibility\\u000a of transcatheter removal in vitro using the tulip compression thrombectomy system. Sixteen thrombus plugs were recovered during\\u000a surgical thrombectomy of clotted human dialysis grafts. The

  20. Influence of diabetes mellitus on early and late outcome after coronary artery bypass grafting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vinod H Thourani; William S Weintraub; Bernardo Stein; Suzanne S. P Gebhart; Joseph M Craver; Ellis L Jones; Robert A Guyton

    1999-01-01

    Background. Diabetes mellitus is an established independent risk factor for significant morbidity and mortality after coronary artery bypass grafting.Methods. The impact of diabetes on short- and long-term follow-up after coronary artery bypass grafting was studied by comparing the outcomes between 9,920 patients without diabetes mellitus and 2,278 patients with diabetes from 1978 to 1993.Results. Compared with nondiabetic patients, the group

  1. Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting in a patient with behçet’s disease

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Akira Kobayashi; Ryuzo Sakata; Tamahiro Kinjo; Goichi Yotsumoto; Kazuhisa Matsumoto; Yoshifumi Iguro

    2004-01-01

    We report the case of a 58-year-old man with Behet’s disease who developed chest pain. Coronary angiography showed severe\\u000a triple-vessel disease, and the patient was transferred to our department for urgent coronary artery bypass grafting. Because\\u000a of the risk of anastomotic leakage or pseudoaneurysm formation, we performed off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting with\\u000a the aortic no-touch technique. Postoperative coronary angiography

  2. Stent-Graft Repair of a Large Cervical Internal Carotid Artery Pseudoaneurysm Causing Dysphagia

    SciTech Connect

    Gupta, Vivek, E-mail: drvivekgupta.pgi@gmail.com; Niranjan, Khandelwal; Rawat, Lokesh [Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Department of Radiodiagnosis and Imaging (India); Gupta, A. K. [Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Department of Otolaryngology (India)

    2009-05-15

    Pseudoaneurysms of the cervical internal carotid artery (ICA) are rare and most frequently result from trauma, infection, or sometimes spontaneously. They have the potential to cause life-threatening hemorrhage; thus, their immediate management is necessary. Endovascular treatment by stent graft placement in the affected artery appears to be a safe and effective treatment option. We present a case of a child who presented with neck swelling and dysphagia caused by a ruptured cervical ICA pseudoaneurysm which was managed by stent graft placement.

  3. Iatrogenic Iliac Artery Rupture: Emergency Management by Longer Stent-Graft on a Shorter Balloon

    SciTech Connect

    Trehan, Vijay; Nigam, Arima; Ramakrishnan, S. [G. B. Pant Hospital, Department of Cardiology (India)], E-mail: ramakgmc@rediffmail.com

    2007-02-15

    Rupture of an iliac artery during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty is a rare but potentially devastating complication. We report a case of iatrogenic external iliac artery rupture that was successfully treated by temporary balloon occlusion followed by endovascular stent graft placement in an unusual manner. Limited availability of the hardware necessitated the use of a longer bare stent graft mounted on a relatively shorter balloon.

  4. [The correlation between flow pattern during cardiopulmonary bypass and patency of the coronary artery bypass grafts].

    PubMed

    Hagiwara, H; Shirakawa, M; Nakayama, T; Asai, T; Nakayama, M; Ito, T; Yano, Y

    2005-07-01

    Recently the availability of transit time flow measurement (TTFM) is reported especially in off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). But little is known about TTFM findings in on-pump CABG. We examined the correlation between the TTFM flow pattern and the angiography findings in on-pump CABG. The subjects consisted of 52 patients who underwent on-pump CABG and angiography early after operation. In these patients, 55 internal thoracic artery (ITA), 17 gastroepiploic artery (GEA), 13 saphenous vein graft (SVG) and 41 radial artery (RA) were tested with TTFM during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). TTFM demonstrated a diastolic filling pattern in 53 ITA, 16 GEA, 13 SVG and 36 RA. The angiography revealed that all these grafts were perfectly patent with the exception of a GEA with a flow competition pattern. TTFM revealed an abnormal flow pattern in 2 ITA (these 2 grafts were revised during CPB and the angiography demonstrated their perfect patency), 1 GEA (to and fro pattern), 0 SVG and 5 RA (the abnormal pattern was due to graft spasm in 3 of 5, and the angiography revealed their perfect patency, however, the angiography detected stenosis in the remaining 2 grafts). The present study found that the TTFM flow pattern during CPB correlated well with the angiography findings. TTFM during CPB was useful to detect graft failure, and grafts were revised safely during CPB. PMID:16004331

  5. Continuous Retrograde Cardiac Perfusion Decreases Risk of Reoperative Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Scott M. Goldman; Francis P. Sutter; Brian P. Priest; Mary Ann C. Wertan

    1997-01-01

    Embolization of atheromatous debris from old saphenous vein grafts is a major factor that increases the risk of reoperative coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) when compared with primary CABG. To decrease this risk, a technique consisting of minimal dissection of the heart prior to cross clamping, continuous retrograde coronary sinus perfusion with 32°C blood, and temporary posterior cardiac interventricular vein

  6. Tandem pedicled internal thoracic artery conduit for sequential grafting of multiple left anterior descending coronary artery lesions.

    PubMed

    Nezic, Dusko; Knezevic, Aleksandar; Milojevic, Predrag; Jovic, Miomir; Sagic, Dragan; Djukanovic, Bosko

    2006-01-01

    A patient presented with severe triple-vessel coronary artery disease, including multiple lesions on the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD), which supplied a well-contracting myocardium. In approaching our patient, we judged that a pedicled left internal thoracic artery (LITA) would not provide enough length for sequential grafting of the multisegment-diseased LAD. We also considered that a pedicled right internal thoracic artery (RITA) conduit would not be long enough to provide a free segment that would form a tandem graft with a LITA and then arrive at the marginal branch, unless it was detached at its origin. Consequently, we decided to form a composite graft that would connect a free, short segment (6-7 cm) of pedicled LITA to the in situ pedicled RITA, in an end-to-end fashion. This new composite conduit enabled us to perform sequential grafting (3 sequential anastomoses, 2 with the LITA segment) of the multisegment-diseased LAD, following the route anterior to the aorta. The in situ remnant of the LITA was grafted to the marginal branch. Although many large series have reported resourceful solutions, to the best of our knowledge, tandem arterial sequential grafting (an in situ pedicled RITA plus a free, short segment of a pedicled LITA) has not heretofore been reported in application to the multisegmented-diseased LAD artery. We strongly believe that this technique is an attractive variation on bilateral pedicled ITA left-sided revascularization in cases of multivessel coronary artery disease, including LADs with multiple lesions. PMID:17215972

  7. Hemodynamic changes during displacement of the beating heart using epicardial stabilization for off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Manisha Mishra; Rajneesh Malhotra; Anil Mishra; Zile Singh Meharwal; Naresh Trehan

    2002-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the hemodynamic alterations during off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery to determine the degree of impairment caused and the techniques to rectify them. Design: Prospective, observational cohort study performed from January 2000 through September 2000. Participants: Patients (n = 500) with coronary artery disease undergoing multivessel off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery using the Octopus tissue stabilizer

  8. Implantable arterial grafts from human fibroblasts and fibrin using a multi-graft pulsed flow-stretch bioreactor with noninvasive strength monitoring

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zeeshan H. Syedain; Lee A. Meier; Jason W. Bjork; Ann Lee; Robert T. Tranquillo

    2011-01-01

    Tissue-engineered arteries based on entrapment of human dermal fibroblasts in fibrin gel yield completely biological vascular grafts that possess circumferential alignment characteristic of native arteries and essential to their mechanical properties. A bioreactor was developed to condition six grafts in the same culture medium while being subjected to similar cyclic distension and transmural flow resulting from pulsed flow distributed among

  9. Implantation of Completely Biological Engineered Grafts Following Decellularization into the Sheep Femoral Artery

    PubMed Central

    Syedain, Zeeshan H.; Meier, Lee A.; Lahti, Mathew T.; Johnson, Sandra L.

    2014-01-01

    The performance of completely biological, decellularized engineered allografts in a sheep model was evaluated to establish clinical potential of these unique arterial allografts. The 4-mm-diameter, 2–3-cm-long grafts were fabricated from fibrin gel remodeled into an aligned tissue tube in vitro by ovine dermal fibroblasts. Decellularization and subsequent storage had little effect on graft properties, with burst pressure exceeding 4000?mmHg and the same compliance as the ovine femoral artery. Grafts were implanted interpositionally in the femoral artery of six sheep (n=9), with contralateral sham controls (n=3). At 8 weeks (n=5) and 24 weeks (n=4), all grafts were patent and showed no evidence of dilatation or mineralization. Mid-graft lumen diameter was unchanged. Extensive recellularization occurred, with most cells expressing ?SMA. Endothelialization was complete by 24 weeks with elastin deposition evident. These completely biological grafts possessed circumferential alignment/mechanical anisotropy characteristic of native arteries and were cultured only 5 weeks prior to decellularization and storage as “off-the-shelf” grafts. PMID:24417686

  10. Dissecting Aneurysm of the Superior Mesenteric Artery Successfully Treated by Endovascular Stent-Graft Placement

    SciTech Connect

    Ishida, Masaki, E-mail: mishida@clin.medic.mie-u.ac.jp; Kato, Noriyuki [MieUniversity Hospital, 2-174 Edobashi Tsu, Mie 514-8507, Department of Radiology (Japan); Hirano, Tadanori [Mie University Hospital, Mie, Department ofThoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (Japan); Suzuki, Tomoaki; Shomura, Yu; Yada, Isao [Matsusaka General Hospital, Matsusaka, Department ofRadiology (Japan); Takeda, Kan [MieUniversity Hospital, 2-174 Edobashi Tsu, Mie 514-8507, Department of Radiology (Japan)

    2003-08-15

    Spontaneous and isolated dissecting aneurysm of the superior mesenteric artery is a rare event that has been successfully treated by surgery in several reported cases. To our knowledge, we present the first case of a patient with spontaneous and isolated dissecting aneurysm of the superior mesenteric artery that was successfully treated by endovascular stent-graft placement.

  11. Iatrogenic Main Renal Artery Injury: Treatment by Endovascular Stent-Graft Placement

    SciTech Connect

    Heye, Sam, E-mail: sam.heye@uz.kuleuven.ac.be; Vanbeckevoort, Dirk [University Hospitals Gasthuisberg, Department of Radiology (Belgium); Blockmans, Daniel [University Hospitals Gasthuisberg, Department of Internal Medicine (Belgium); Nevelsteen, Andre [University Hospitals Gasthuisberg, Department of Vascular Surgery (Belgium); Maleux, Geert [University Hospitals Gasthuisberg, Department of Radiology (Belgium)

    2005-01-15

    We report on a patient who presented with perforation of the left main renal artery as a complication of a percutaneous retroperitoneal drainage procedure. Only a small number of cases of iatrogenic main renal artery perforations have been reported, none of them due to a percutaneous drainage attempt. Endovascular treatment by means of a coronary stent-graft was successful.

  12. Transmyocardial laser revascularisation combined with coronary artery bypass grafting without cardiopulmonary bypass1

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Naresh Trehan; Manisha Mishra; Ramesh Bapna; Anil Mishra; Pankaj Maheshwari; Anil Karlekar

    Objective: To achieve complete myocardial revascularisation in patients with diffuse coronary artery disease, patients with inordinately high risk of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) like severe systemic disease or diffuse atherosclerosis of the aorta. Methods: We have adopted the technique of combining coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with transmyocardial laser revascularisation (TMLR) using 1000 W CO2 laser machine. TMLR is done to

  13. Infrascrotal, Perineal, Femorofemoral Bypass for Arterial Graft Infection at the Groin.

    PubMed

    Illuminati, Giulio; Caliò, Francesco G; D'Urso, Antonio; Giacobbi, Daniela; Papaspyropoulos, Vassilios; Ceccanei, Gianluca

    2004-12-01

    HYPOTHESIS: Infrascrotal, perineal, femorofemoral bypass is an acceptable procedure for treating infection of a prosthetic arterial graft limited to a unilateral groin. DESIGN: A consecutive sample clinical study with a mean follow-up of 29 months. SETTING: The surgical department of an academic tertiary care center and an affiliated secondary care center. PATIENTS: Nineteen patients with a mean age of 68 years with prosthetic graft infection at the outflow anastomosis on a femoral artery at the Scarpa triangle underwent an infrascrotal, perineal, femorofemoral bypass, with excision of the graft material limited at the groin. The recipient artery was the profunda femoris artery in 12 cases, the superficial femoral in 5, and the distal common femoral artery in 2. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Cumulative survival, recurrence of sepsis, primary graft patency, and limb salvage rates expressed by standard life-table analysis. RESULTS: Postoperative mortality rate was 5%. Cumulative (SE) survival rate was 65% (11.6%) at 3 years. Cumulative (SE) rate of freedom from recurrent sepsis was 88% (8.6%) at 3 years. Cumulative (SE) primary patency and limb salvage rates were 86% (9.4%) and 91% (7.9%), respectively, at 3 years. CONCLUSION: Femorofemoral bypass with an infrascrotal perineal approach is a valuable procedure for the treatment of femoral arterial graft infection limited at a unilateral groin. PMID:15613291

  14. Left Internal Mammary Artery Injury Requiring Resuscitative Thoracotomy: A Case Presentation and Review of the Literature

    PubMed Central

    Al Hassani, Ammar; Abdul Rahman, Yassir; Kanbar, Ahad; El-Menyar, Ayman; Al-Aieb, Abubaker; Asim, Mohammad; Latifi, Rifat

    2012-01-01

    Background. Penetrating injuries to the chest and in particular to the heart that results in pericardial tamponade and cardiac arrest requires immediate resuscitative thoracotomy as the only lifesaving technique and should be performed without delay. Objective. To describe an external cardiac tamponade caused by massive tension hemothorax from penetrating injury of the left internal mammary artery (LIMA). Method. A case presentation treated at the Level I trauma center at Hamad General Hospital, in Doha, Qatar and review of the literature on LIMA injuries reported cases. Results. LIMA injury as a cause of hemothorax is not uncommon, but to our knowledge our case is the first massive tension hemothorax with witnessed cardiac arrest reported in the literature requiring emergency thoracotomy, performed in trauma room, with full recovery. Conclusion. Injury to the LIMA with massive tension hemothorax requires immediate resuscitative thoracotomy. PMID:23326745

  15. Assessment of internal mammary artery injury after blunt chest trauma: a literature review

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Jin-ming; Lv, Jin; Ma, Kai; Yan, Jing

    2014-01-01

    The occurrence, bleeding, and treatment of internal mammary artery (IMA) injury after blunt chest trauma have not been well described in the literature. We reviewed articles published from July 1977 to February 2014 describing IMA injury after blunt chest trauma in 49 patients. There was a predominant incidence in males and on the left side. Blunt trauma to the IMA can cause anterior mediastinal hematoma, hemothorax, pseudoaneurysm, arteriovenous fistula, and extra-pleural hematoma. Of the 49 patients studied, 20 underwent embolization, 22 underwent surgical operation, 4 were managed by clinical observation, and 3 had undescribed treatment. Different parts and extents of IMA injury, adjacent vein injury, as well as the integrity of the pleura determined differences in bleeding modality. Prompt diagnosis, complete hemostasis, aggressive resuscitation, and multidisciplinary teams are recommended for patients with IMA injury. PMID:25294375

  16. Nodal vessels disease as a risk factor for atrial fibrillation after coronary artery bypass graft surgery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Saud Al-Shanafey; Linda Dodds; Don Langille; Idris Ali; Harry Henteleff; Rebecca Dobson

    2001-01-01

    Objective: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is common after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Atrial ischaemia due to diseased atrioventricular (AV) and sinoatrial (SA) arteries has been proposed as a cause of AF post-CABG. We examined if the presence of diseased nodal arteries was a significant predictor of the development of AF post-CABG. Methods: 100 consecutive cases (AF post-CABG) were compared

  17. Nodal vessels disease as a risk factor for atrial fibrillation after coronary artery bypass graft surgeryq

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Saud Al-Shanafey; Linda Dodds; Don Langille; Idris Ali; Harry Henteleff; Rebecca Dobson

    Objective: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is common after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Atrial ischaemia due to diseased atrioventricular (AV) and sinoatrial (SA) arteries has been proposed as a cause of AF post-CABG. We examined if the presence of diseased nodal arteries was a significant predictor of the development of AF post-CABG. Methods: 100 consecutive cases (AF post-CABG) were compared

  18. Bilateral versus single internal thoracic artery grafting in oral-treated diabetic subsets: comparative seven-year outcome analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Oren Lev-Ran; Rony Braunstein; Nahum Nesher; Yanai Ben-Gal; Gil Bolotin; Gideon Uretzky

    2004-01-01

    BackgroundRecent interest has focused on the use of arterial conduits in diabetic subsets. To date, the long-term benefits of bilateral internal thoracic artery (BITA) grafting in this subgroup remain in question.

  19. Protective effect of silymarin during coronary artery bypass grafting surgery

    PubMed Central

    Altaei, Tagreed

    2012-01-01

    BACKGROUND: An inflammatory response and systemic oxidative stress are directly caused by coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. Cytokines, such as interleukin (IL) 1?, IL-6 and tumour necrosis factor-? (TNF-?), can also be stimulated. Reducing the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines plays an important role in limiting the postoperative inflammatory response. Silymarin has strong anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and cytoprotective properties. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the protective anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties of silymarin against the inflammation and oxidative stresss inherent to CABG surgery. METHODS: Of the 102 patients undergoing elective first-time CABG surgery that were recruited, 50 (49.02%) received silymarin treatment and 52 (50.9%) were controls. Plasma cytokine levels (IL-1?, IL-6 and TNF-?) were measured preoperatively, 6 h and 24 h after CABG surgery. C-reactive protein (CRP) levels, trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) and glutathione (GSH) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were analyzed. RESULTS: Postoperative cytokine levels in the silymarin group were significantly lower compared with preoperative levels, and were significantly lower compared with postoperative control group levels. The area under the curve for cytokines and CRP for the silymarin group were significantly lower compared with preoperative levels, and were significantly lower compared with postoperative control group levels. Postoperative levels of TEAC and MDA in the silymarin-treated group were significantly lower than in the control group. GSH levels were significantly elevated in the silymarin group compared with control. No side effects or mortality were associated with the use of silymarin. CONCLUSION: The anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects of silymarin treatment provided protection against reperfusion injury and inflammation after CABG surgery. PMID:23204899

  20. Choice of conduits for coronary artery bypass grafting: craft or science?

    PubMed

    Buxton, Brian F; Hayward, Philip A R; Newcomb, Andrew E; Moten, Simon; Seevanayagam, Siven; Gordon, Ian

    2009-04-01

    Long-term patency of a bypass graft is an important determinant in reducing morbidity and increasing survival after coronary bypass surgery. The purpose of this review is to analyse factors contributing to improved outcomes of commonly used conduits. Progress has been limited by the lack of uniform definitions of graft failure and development of appropriate statistical models. Evolving techniques for assessing patency at more frequent intervals has provided insight into the time and sites of early disease. The explosion of scientific knowledge of graft physiology has added to improving harvest, storage and early protection procedures thereby reducing early morbidity. Similarly, the understanding and management of risk factors have contributed to graft durability and possibly survival. Conduits have different characteristics and applications, which are patient dependent. Competitive flow remains a problem especially with arterial conduits; functional studies as opposed to anatomy of the target artery may improve understanding of the contribution of the collateral circulation. Selected patency data provide comparison between grafts. The role of the second internal thoracic artery graft is the subject of the Arterial Revascularisation Trial. Off-pump bypass procedures and patient characteristics affect conduit selection. Stroke is a major complication, which can be minimised by avoiding the aorta especially during off-pump surgery. There are few randomised controlled trials on the late outcomes comparing different bypass grafts and between bypass grafting and current percutaneous intervention methods. Accurate reporting of outcomes of graft patency will improve the scientific content and emphasise the importance of surgery in the management of coronary disease. PMID:19231230

  1. Techniques for preserving vertebral artery perfusion during thoracic aortic stent grafting requiring aortic arch landing.

    PubMed

    Woo, Edward Y; Bavaria, Joseph E; Pochettino, Alberto; Gleason, Thomas G; Woo, Y Joseph; Velazquez, Omaida C; Carpenter, Jeffrey P; Cheung, Albert T; Fairman, Ronald M

    2006-01-01

    Thoracic endografting offers many advantages over open repair. However, delivery of the device can be difficult and may necessitate adjunctive procedures. We describe our techniques for preserving perfusion to the left subclavian artery despite endograft coverage to obtain a proximal seal zone. We reviewed our experience with the Talent thoracic stent graft (Medtronic, Santa Rosa, CA). From 1999 to 2003, 49 patients received this device (29 men, 20 women). Seventeen patients required adjunctive procedures to facilitate proximal graft placement. We performed left subclavian-to-left common carotid artery transposition (6), left common carotid-to-left subclavian artery bypass with ligation proximal to the vertebral artery (7), and left common carotid-to-left subclavian artery bypass with proximal coil embolization (4). Patients who had anatomy unfavorable to transposition or bypass with proximal ligation (large aneurysms or proximal vertebral artery origin) were treated with coil embolization of the proximal left subclavian artery in order to prevent subsequent type II endoleaks. Technical success rate of the carotid subclavian bypass was 100%. Patient follow-up ranged from 3 to 48 months with a mean of 12 months. Six patients had follow-up <6 months owing to recent graft placement. Primary patency was 100%. No neurologic events occurred during the procedure or upon follow-up. One patient had a transient chyle leak that spontaneously resolved in 24 hours. Another patient had a phrenic nerve paresis that resolved after 3 weeks. We believe that it is important to maintain patency of the vertebral artery specifically when a patent right vertebral system and an intact basilar artery is not demonstrated. Furthermore, we describe a novel technique of coil embolization of the proximal left subclavian artery in conjunction with left common carotid-to-left subclavian artery bypass. This circumvents the need for potentially hazardous mediastinal dissection and ligation of the proximal left subclavian artery in cases of large proximal aneurysms or unfavorable vertebral artery anatomy. PMID:17038570

  2. An alternative technique for harvesting marginal liver grafts with a replaced or accessory right hepatic artery.

    PubMed

    Addeo, Pietro; Souche, Regis; Bachellier, Philippe

    2015-07-01

    The presence of a replaced or accessory right hepatic artery (R/A RHA) originating from the superior mesenteric artery represents one of the most common anatomical vascular variants of the hepatic artery and comprises the most frequently injured vessels during liver harvesting. Vascular arterial injuries following liver procurement are associated with decreased patient and graft survival and higher retransplantation rates. We describe an alternative technique for harvesting marginal liver grafts with replaced or accessory right hepatic arteries in the absence of pancreatic procurement. The entire procedure is divided and schematically described in six steps for didactical purposes. This technique has been used in 72 liver harvests over a three-year period with no R/A RHA injury. The technical advantages and limitations of this alternative method are discussed. PMID:25691216

  3. Institutional report - Coronary Factors affecting post minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass grafting incidence of myocardial infarction, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, coronary artery bypass grafting and mortality of cardiac origin

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Theo Kofidis; Hans Gerd Paeschke; Artur Lichtenberg; Maximilian Emmert; Felix Woitek; Vassilios Didilis; Axel Haverich; Uwe Klima

    2010-01-01

    In the present study we identify parameters which influence the incidence of myocardial infarction (MI), need for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and cardiac mortality after minimal invasive coronary artery bypass grafting (MIDCABG). With a mean follow-up of 30\\

  4. [Coronary artery bypass grafting and replacement of aortic root and ascending aorta; report of a case].

    PubMed

    Nakamura, Koki; Murakami, Mikiko; Asai, Tomohiro; Saito, Yosuke; Yamaguchi, Hiromi

    2006-08-01

    An 87-year-old man was referred to our hospital for chest oppression and syncope attack due to aortic stenosis. Further examination revealed severe aortic stenosis (pressure gradient of 107 mmHg, aortic valve area of 0.75 cm2), ascending aortic aneurysm (60 mm in diameter) and triple-vessel disease of coronary arteries. Therefore, a surgical operation was indicated electively. Under cardiopulmonary bypass with normothermia, coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) was performed. Then the aortic root and the ascending aorta were replaced with a Freestyle valve (27 mm) and a woven Dacron graft (30 mm Hemashield with 1 branch), respectively. Duration of cardiopulmonary bypass and aortic cross-clamp was 267 and 203 minutes, respectively. Postoperative course was uneventful. On the 14th postoperative day, he underwent coronary and graft angiography, which showed all the grafts were patent with good flow. He was successfully discharged on the 19th postoperative day. PMID:16922444

  5. Simulation of pulsatile flow of blood in stenosed coronary artery bypass with graft.

    PubMed

    Wiwatanapataphee, B; Poltem, D; Wu, Y H; Lenbury, Y

    2006-04-01

    In this paper, we investigate the behavior of the pulsatile blood flow in a stenosed right coronary artery with a bypass graft. The human blood is assumed to be a non-Newtonian fluid and its viscous behavior is described by the Carreau model. The transient phenomena of blood flow though the stenosed region and the bypass grafts are simulated by solving the three dimensional unsteady Navier-Stokes equations and continuity equation. The influence of the bypass angle on the flow interaction between the jet flow from the native artery and the flow from the bypass graft is investigated. Distributions of velocity, pressure and wall shear stresses are determined under various conditions. The results show that blood pressure in the stenosed artery drops dramatically in the stenosis area and that high wall shear stresses occur around the stenosis site. PMID:20361829

  6. Storage of saphenous vein grafts prior to coronary artery bypass grafting: is autologous whole blood more effective than saline in preserving graft function?

    PubMed Central

    Tsakok, Maria; Montgomery-Taylor, Sarah; Tsakok, Teresa

    2012-01-01

    A best evidence topic in thoracic surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was: ‘Is storage of saphenous vein grafts in autologous whole blood prior to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) more effective than storage in saline in preserving graft function?’ Altogether more than 580 papers were found using the reported search, of which, 10 represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The authors, journal, date, country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes and results of these papers are tabulated. Preservation of the vein graft endothelium during graft preparation is of well-recognized importance in forestalling graft occlusion and saphenous vein graft disease following CABG, however, the different preservation capabilities of saline vs autologous whole blood are not well validated. Although there is a complete lack of randomized clinical trials addressing this issue, some studies using basic in vitro techniques and animal models can be extrapolated to answer the clinical question in hand. All are consistent in demonstrating the detrimental effects of saline on vascular endothelium and therefore graft patency, but there is some disagreement in the literature as to whether autologous whole blood is superior as a storage medium. Though three well-designed studies suggest preserved endothelial function when saphenous vein grafts are stored in saline compared with storage in autologous whole blood, data from other studies are unimpressive, with two studies showing no difference. Furthermore, two elegant experiments that seek to mimic in vivo conditions by comparing outcomes postarterialization show no benefit of prior storage in autologous whole blood, despite the initial better-preserved endothelium. Instead, some notice should be taken of alternative storage solutions such as the University of Wisconsin solution, as some early studies suggest that it may be advantageous over both blood and crystalloid solution. PMID:22753436

  7. Stent-grafts placement for treatment of massive hemorrhage from ruptured hepatic artery after pancreaticoduodenectomy

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Mao-Qiang; Liu, Feng-Yong; Duan, Feng; Wang, Zhi-Jun; Song, Peng; Fan, Qing-Sheng

    2010-01-01

    AIM: To present a series of cases with life-threatening hemorrhage from ruptured hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) treated with placement of stent-grafts. METHODS: Massive hemorrhage from ruptured hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm after PD in 9 patients (6 men, 3 women) at the age of 23-75 years (mean 48 years), were treated with placement of percutaneous endovascular balloon-expandable coronary stent-grafts. All patients were not suitable for embolization because of a non-patent portal vein. One or more stent-grafts, ranging 3-6 mm in diameter and 16-55 mm in length, were placed to exclude ruptured pseudoaneurysm. Follow-up data, including clinical condition, liver function tests, and Doppler ultrasound examination, were recorded at the outpatient clinic. RESULTS: Immediate technical success was achieved in all the 9 patients. All stent-grafts were deployed in the intended position for immediate cessation of bleeding and preservation of satisfactory hepatic arterial blood flow. No significant procedure-related complications occurred. Recurrent bleeding occurred in 2 patients at 16 and 24 h, respectively, after placement of stent-grafts and treated with surgical revision. One patient died of sepsis 12 d after the interventional procedure. The remaining 6 patients were survived when they were discharged. The mean follow-up time was 10.5 mo (range 4-16 mo). No patient had recurrent bleeding after discharge. Doppler ultrasound examination verified the patency of hepatic artery and stent-grafts during the follow-up. CONCLUSION: Placement of stent-grafts is an effective and safe procedure for acute life-threatening hemorrhage from ruptured hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm. PMID:20677346

  8. Geometric design improvements for femoral graft-artery junctions mitigating restenosis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Lei; C. Kleinstreuer; J ARCHIEJR

    1996-01-01

    The present study is based on the hypothesis that nonuniform hemodynamics, represented by large time-averaged wall shear stress gradients, trigger abnormal biological processes leading to rapid restenosis, i.e. excessive tissue overgrowth and renewed plaque formation, and hence early graft failure. It implies that this problem may be significantly mitigated by finding graft-artery bypass configurations for which the wall shear stress

  9. Fatal fungal infection complicating aortic dissection following coronary artery bypass grafting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. M Rassl; S. K Suvarna; G. J Cooper

    2000-01-01

    The case of a 52-year-old man with severe coronary atheroma\\/ischaemic heart disease, who underwent successful triple vessel coronary artery bypass grafting is described. One month later this was complicated by aortic dissection arising at the aortic cannulation site. An emergency resection and Dacron graft placement were performed. Five weeks later he represented with haemoptysis. Despite inconclusive investigations the patient went

  10. Mechanical properties of cellulose: chitosan blends for potential use as a coronary artery bypass graft

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eduardo P. Azevedo; Rohini Retarekar; Madhavan L. Raghavan; Vijay Kumar

    2012-01-01

    The development of intimal hyperplasia is the major cause of failure of both autologous saphenous vein and synthetic coronary artery bypass grafts. This is partially due to graft-host vessel compliance mismatch. Cellulose and chitosan (CELL:CHIT) are both biocompatible, nontoxic, and naturally occurring biopolymers that have been used extensively for biomedical applications. Elastic properties of membranes made of CELL:CHIT blends with

  11. Accidental Coverage of Both Renal Arteries during Infrarenal Aortic Stent-Graft Implantation: Cause and Treatment

    PubMed Central

    Bracale, Umberto Marcello; Giribono, Anna Maria; Vitale, Gaetano; Narese, Donatella; Santini, Gianpaolo; del Guercio, Luca

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to report a salvage maneuver for accidental coverage of both renal arteries during endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) of an infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). A 72-year-old female with a 6?cm infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm was treated by endovascular means with a standard bifurcated graft. Upon completing an angiogram, both renal arteries were found to be accidentally occluded. Through a left percutaneous brachial approach, the right renal artery was catheterized and a chimney stent was deployed; however this was not possible for the left renal artery. A retroperitoneal surgical approach was therefore carried out with a retrograde chimney stent implanted to restore blood flow. After three months, both renal arteries were patent and renal function was not different from the baseline. Both endovascular with percutaneous access via the brachial artery and open retroperitoneal approaches with retrograde catheterization are feasible rescue techniques to recanalize the accidentally occluded renal arteries during EVAR. PMID:25544930

  12. Should computed tomography angiography supersede invasive coronary angiography for the evaluation of graft patency following coronary artery bypass graft surgery?

    PubMed

    Gabriel, Joseph; Klimach, Stefan; Lang, Peter; Hildick-Smith, David

    2015-08-01

    Invasive coronary angiography (ICA) has long been the established gold standard in assessing graft patency following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). Over the past decade or so however, improvements in computed tomography angiography (CTA) technology have allowed its emergence as a useful clinical tool in graft assessment. The recent introduction of 64-slice and now 128-slice scanners into widespread distribution, and the development of 320-detector row technology allowing volumetric imaging of the entire heart at single points in time within one cardiac cycle, has increased the potential of CTA to supersede ICA in this capacity. This study sought to examine the evidence surrounding this potential. A best evidence topic was constructed according to a structured protocol. The enquiry: In [patients who have undergone coronary artery bypass graft surgery] is [computed tomography angiography or invasive coronary angiography] superior in terms of [graft patency assessment, stenosis detection, radiation exposure and complication rate]? Four hundred and twenty-four articles were identified from the search strategy. Four additional articles were identified from references of key articles. Seventeen articles selected as best evidence were tabulated. The reliability of CTA as a tool in the detection of graft patency and stenosis has continued to improve with each successive generation of multislice technology. The latest 64- and 128-slice CTA techniques are able to detect graft patency and stenosis with very high sensitivities and specificities comparable with ICA, while remaining non-invasive procedures associated with fewer complications (ICA carries a 0.08% risk of myocardial infarction and 0.7% risk of minor complications in clinically stable patients). Present limitations of the technology include the accurate visualization of distal anastomoses and clip artefacts. In addition, the capacity of diagnostic ICA to be combined simultaneously with percutaneous coronary interventions is an important advantage and a further limitation of CTA alone. Recent developments, however, including the derivation of fractional flow reserve and perfusion assessment from CTA as functional measures of stenosis severity have given CTA at present the capacity to become a first-line tool in the assessment of patients with suspected graft dysfunction. Novel computer-automated diagnostic software, though currently in infancy, has shown promise in facilitating and speeding image interpretation. With further improvements in scanning technologies, CTA is likely to supersede ICA for graft assessment in the near future. PMID:25924868

  13. Comparison of vasodilators in human internal mammary artery: ghrelin is a potent physiological antagonist of endothelin-1

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Katherine E. Wiley; Anthony P. Davenport

    2002-01-01

    1 The potential vasodilator function of the peptide ghrelin, recently identified as the endogenous ligand of the growth hormone secretagogue orphan receptor (GHS-R), was investigated in human endothelium-denuded internal mammary artery. The peptide endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a potent and long-lasting vasoconstrictor. Comparisons were made with established and putative endogenous vasodilators to determine if any could reverse ET-1-induced vasoconstriction in this

  14. The early clinical and angiographic outcome of sequential coronary artery bypass grafting with the off-pump technique

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sharif Al-Ruzzeh; Shane George; Mahmoud Bustami; Koki Nakamura; Shahid Khan; Magdi Yacoub; Mohamed Amrani

    2002-01-01

    Objective: The emergence of the off-pump coronary artery bypass technique has made surgeons consider combining it with other techniques developed and learned with conventional coronary artery bypass grafting with cardiopulmonary bypass. One of these techniques is the construction of a sequential graft to bypass more than one coronary vessel. The purpose of this study is to review the outcome of

  15. Coronary artery bypass grafting without cardiopulmonary bypass using the octopus method: results in the first one hundred patients

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erik W. L. Jansen; Cornelius Borst; Jaap R. Lahpor; Paul F. Gründeman; Frank D. Eefting; Arno Nierich; Etienne O. Robles de Medina; Johan J. Bredée

    1998-01-01

    Objective: Cardiopulmonary bypass and global cardiac arrest enable safe coronary artery bypass grafting but have adverse effects. In off-pump coronary bypass grafting, invasiveness is reduced, but anastomosis suturing is jeopardized by cardiac motion. Therefore the key to successful off-pump coronary bypass grafting is effective local cardiac wall stabilization. Methods: We prospectively assessed the safety and efficacy of the Octopus tissue

  16. Vein/Arterial Grafts Harvested within the Incision for a Free Groin Flap

    PubMed Central

    Tomita, Koichi; Fukai, Megumi; Kubo, Tateki; Hayashi, Akiteru; Shibata, Minoru; Hosokawa, Ko

    2015-01-01

    Summary: The free groin flap results in less donor-site morbidity than other skin flaps and is suitable for use in children and adolescents. However, the vascular pedicle is relatively short and vessel diameter is small, which makes vascular anastomosis technically difficult. To overcome this limitation, we harvested vein and arterial grafts from the flap elevation area without placing additional skin incisions. Use of short (2–3 cm) vein/arterial grafts greatly simplified flap insetting and vascular anastomosis. This procedure may expand the indications for free groin flap transfer.

  17. Traumatic Coronary Artery Fistula Closure with Stent Graft

    PubMed Central

    Safi, Morteza; Ebrahim, Nematollah Pour; Namazi, Mohammad Hasan; Saadat, Habibollah; Vakili, Hosein; Hekmat, Manuchehr

    2012-01-01

    We present a rare case of a symptomatic acquired large coronary fistula and aneurysm secondary to chest trauma that was successfully closed using stent graft. This case is followed by review of the literature. PMID:22891139

  18. Heparin-Induced Thrombocytopenia After Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting with Cardiopulmonary Bypass: Report of a Case

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Keiichi Ishida; Mizuho Imamaki; Atsushi Ishida; Hitoshi Shimura; Masaru Miyazaki

    2004-01-01

    A 79-year-old man was transferred to our hospital with severe chest pain and a suspected diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction. Emergency cardiac catheterization showed triple-vessel coronary artery disease, and we performed coronary artery bypass grafting under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Continuous hemodiafiltration was started for acute renal failure postoperatively, and heparin was given as an anticoagulanting agent. By 9 days after

  19. Ex vivo transfection of transforming growth factor-? 1 gene to pulmonary artery segments in lung grafts

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Motoki Yano; Bassem N. Mora; Jon M. Ritter; Ronald K. Scheule; Nelson S. Yew; Thalachalour Mohanakumar; G. Alexander Patterson

    1999-01-01

    Objective: Proximal pulmonary artery segment transfection may provide beneficial downstream effects on the whole-lung graft. In this study, transforming growth factor-?1 was transfected to proximal pulmonary artery segments, and the efficacy of transforming growth factor-?1 transfection was examined in ischemia-reperfusion injury and acute rejection models of rat lung transplantation. Methods: In the ischemia-reperfusion injury model, orthotopic left lung transplantation was

  20. Spiral CT During Selective Accessory Renal Artery Angiography: Assessment of Vascular Territory Before Aortic Stent-Grafting

    SciTech Connect

    Dorffner, Roland; Thurnher, Siegfried; Prokesch, Rupert; Youssefzadeh, Soraya [Department of Radiology, University of Vienna, AKH, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna (Austria); Hoelzenbein, Thomas [Department of Vascular Surgery, University of Vienna, AKH, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna (Austria); Lammer, Johannes [Department of Radiology, University of Vienna, AKH, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna (Austria)

    1998-03-15

    We evaluated the vascular territory of accessory renal arteries in cases where the vessel might be overlapped by an aortic stent-graft. Spiral CT during selective accessory renal artery angiography was performed in four patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (including one with a horseshoe kidney). The volume of the vascular territory of each renal artery was measured using a software program provided by the CT unit manufacturer. The supernumerary renal arteries perfused 32%, 37%, 15%, and 16% of the total renal mass, respectively. In two patients, stent-grafts were implanted, which resulted in occlusion of the supernumerary renal artery. The volume of the renal infarction was equal to the volume perfused by the artery as calculated before implantation of the stent-graft.The method proposed is accurate for estimating the size of the expected renal infarction. It might help to determine whether placement of a stent-graft is acceptable.

  1. Post-mortem cast angiography in the diagnostics of graft complications in patients with fatal outcome following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. M. Weman; A. Penttilä; A. Männikkö; P. J. Karhunen

    1999-01-01

    The advantages and limitations of a novel post-mortem angiographic method using solidifying silicone rubber and lead oxide\\u000a as a contrast medium in detecting coronary artery graft complications on a routine basis were evaluated in a series of 223\\u000a consecutive patients with fatal outcome within 30 days following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Of these patients,\\u000a 166 (74.4%) were male and

  2. Failed depiction of patent bypass graft due to presence of large lateral costal artery.

    PubMed

    Nishi, Hiroyuki; Sakaguchi, Taichi; Miyagawa, Shigeru; Yoshikawa, Yasushi; Fukushima, Satsuki; Sumitsuji, Satoru; Sawa, Yoshiki

    2012-01-01

    We report a rare case of failed depiction of a patent right internal thoracic artery (RITA) to left anterior descending artery (LAD) bypass on 64-slice multidetector row computed tomographic (MDCT) angiography due to the presence of a large lateral costal artery. A 66-year-old male with acute coronary syndrome due to triple vessel disease underwent urgent coronary artery bypass grafting, in which bilateral ITA and saphenous vein grafts were used. Postoperative MDCT angiography showed an occluded RITA-LAD bypass, which was eventually shown to be patent by angiography. Angiography also revealed a large lateral costal artery that was considered to affect the flow to the LAD. Thus, coil embolization of the branch was attempted. However, it was abandoned because the patient suffered from severe back and intercostal pain during balloon occlusion of the lateral costal artery. Postoperative MDCT angiography is not always accurate for the assessment of graft patency in patients with large ITA side branches. In addition, embolization is not always possible because occlusion of this large branch may cause severe pain when its size becomes quite large. PMID:22791007

  3. A case of coronary artery bypass grafting for effort angina in a patient with post skin grafting for an extramammary Paget’s desease

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kensuke Kobayashi; Masahiro Endo; Hiroshi Nishida; Yasuko Tomizawa; Hiroaki Satoh; Hitoshi Koyanagi

    1998-01-01

    The extramammary Paget’s disease of anogenital area is rare, and is seen as a precancerous lesion or carcinoma in situ. In\\u000a most cases, surgical treatment including dissection of regional lymph nodes, skin resection and grafting should be considered\\u000a first. A 74-year-old male suffered from effort angina and underwent triple coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) including\\u000a saphenous vein graft (SVG) harvested

  4. Myocardial infarction determined by technetium-99m pyrophosphate single-photon tomography complicating elective coronary artery bypass grafting for angina pectoris

    SciTech Connect

    Burns, R.J.; Gladstone, P.J.; Tremblay, P.C.; Feindel, C.M.; Salter, D.R.; Lipton, I.H.; Ogilvie, R.R.; David, T.E.

    1989-06-15

    The incidence of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) complicating coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has previously been based on concordance of electrocardiographic, enzymatic and scintigraphic criteria. Technetium-99m pyrophosphate (Tc-PPi) single-photon emission computed tomography now enables detection of AMI with high sensitivity and specificity. Using this technique, perioperative AMI was detected in 12 of 58 patients (21%) undergoing successful elective CABG for stable angina pectoris. Stepwise multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to compare the predictive value of preoperative (New York Heart Association class, left ventricular ejection fraction and use of beta blockers) and intraoperative (number of grafts constructed, use of internal mammary anastomoses, use of sequential saphenous vein grafts, smallest grafted distal vessel lumen caliber and aortic cross-clamp time) variables. Preoperative New York Association class (p = 0.04) and smallest grafted distal vessel lumen caliber (p = 0.03) were significant multivariate predictors of perioperative AMI. Only 1 perioperative patient with AMI (and 1 pyrophosphate-negative patient) developed new Q waves. Serum creatine kinase-MB was higher in patients with AMI by repeated measures analysis of variance (p = 0.0003). Five AMIs occurred in myocardial segments revascularized using sequential saphenous vein grafts, and 7 in segments perfused by significantly stenosed epicardial vessels with distal lumen diameter and perfusion territory considered too small to warrant CABG. At 6-month follow-up, the mean left ventricular ejection fraction increased from 0.61 to 0.65 in Tc-PPI-negative patients (p = 0.01), but not in perioperative patients with AMI.

  5. Treatment of scaphoid nonunions with a vascularized bone graft based on the first dorsal metacarpal artery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Yuceturk; Z. U. Isiklar; C. Tuncay; R. Tandogan

    1997-01-01

    Four patients with chronic nonunion of the scaphoid were treated by a vascularized bone graft based on first dorsal metacarpal artery. The mean duration of the nonunion was 28.5 months (range 12–48 months). There was avascular necrosis in all patients confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). None of the patients had previous attempts at surgical reconstruction. Two fractures were localized

  6. Symptomatic Internal Carotid Artery Dissecting Pseudoaneurysm: Endovascular Treatment by Stent-Graft

    SciTech Connect

    Heye, Sam, E-mail: sam.heye@uz.kuleuven.ac.be; Maleux, Geert [University Hospitals Gasthuisberg, Department of Radiology (Belgium); Vandenberghe, Rik [University Hospitals Gasthuisberg, Department of Neurology (Belgium); Wilms, Guido [University Hospitals Gasthuisberg, Department of Radiology (Belgium)

    2005-05-15

    Dissecting pseudoaneurysm of the extracranial portion of the internal carotid artery (ICA) is a usually benign complication of spontaneous ICA dissection. We report a case in which pseudoaneurysm volume enlarged progressively and new clinical symptoms developed 9 months following disease onset. Placement of a coronary stent-graft resulted in immediate complete resolution of clinical symptoms and radiologic restoration of normal flow.

  7. Effect of gender on postoperative outcomes and hospital stays after coronary artery bypass grafting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gabriel S. Aldea; Jennifer M. Gaudiani; Oz M. Shapira; Alice K. Jacobs; Janice Weinberg; Adrienne L. Cupples; Harold L. Lazar; Richard J. Shemin

    1999-01-01

    Background. Compared to men, women undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting appear to have a higher morbidity and mortality, particularly in the perioperative period. This study was designed to answer the questions of whether such differences in clinical outcomes between men and women still exist with improvements in surgical techniques and determine whether it is gender or associated comorbid conditions in

  8. Validation of coronary artery saphenous vein bypass graft diameter measurements using quantitative angiography

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jacques Lespérance; Lucien Campeau; Johan H. C. Reiber; Marc Bois; Ihor Dyrda; Jean Laurier; Gilles Hudon

    1996-01-01

    The accepted value for reproducibility (true change) is two standard deviations (SD) of the differences between repeat measurements. It has been well established for coronary artery measurements using several different quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) systems, but it has not been well documented for saphenous vein grafts (SVG). The purpose of this study was to assess, using the Cardiovascular Measurement System

  9. Evaluation of Taste Sensitivity in Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mary Keith; Rose Mokbel; Mario San Emeterio; Jacquelin Song; Lee Errett

    2010-01-01

    Patients report changes in their perception of food tastes following cardiac surgery. This study was designed to explore changes in taste sensitivity following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Detection and recognition thresholds for sweet (sucrose), salty (sodium chloride), sour (citric acid), and bitter (quinine hydrochloride) were determined using the multiple forced-choice ascending concentration series method at baseline (presurgical), discharge,

  10. Effect of Aspirin on Postoperative Bleeding in Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Muhammad Kamran; Ali Ahmed; Mudassir Iqbal Dar; Abdul Bari Khan

    Purpose: It is not uncommon for aspirin therapy to be withheld before coronary artery by- pass grafting (CABG) because it is thought to increase the risk of postoperative bleeding. Many studies have shown that continued aspirin therapy reduces postoperative myocardial infarction and increases survival. The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of preop- erative aspirin on postoperative

  11. Preoperative prediction of prolonged mechanical ventilation following coronary artery bypass grafting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. F. Legare; G. M. Hirsch; K. J. Buth; C. MacDougall; J. A. Sullivan

    2010-01-01

    Objective: Few studies have attempted to evaluate who would require prolonged mechanical ventilation following heart surgery. The objectives of this study were to identify predictors of prolonged ventilation in a large group of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) patients from a single institution. Methods: One thousand, eight hundred and twenty-nine consecutive patients undergoing CABG were reviewed retrospectively and evaluated for

  12. Preoperative prediction of prolonged mechanical ventilation following coronary artery bypass grafting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. F Légaré; G. M Hirsch; K. J Buth; C MacDougall; J. A Sullivan

    2001-01-01

    Objective: Few studies have attempted to evaluate who would require prolonged mechanical ventilation following heart surgery. The objectives of this study were to identify predictors of prolonged ventilation in a large group of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) patients from a single institution. Methods: One thousand, eight hundred and twenty-nine consecutive patients undergoing CABG were reviewed retrospectively and evaluated for

  13. Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) Without General Anaesthesia An Initial Experience in NICVD, Dhaka, Bangladesh

    Microsoft Academic Search

    MN HAQUE; S FERDOUS; AK BEG; NAK AHSAN; AYFE CHOWDHURY

    2009-01-01

    Summary: Objective: our initial experience with 15 patients operated on without general anesthesia is reviewed to explore the validity of our surgical strategy. Material and Methods: 15 males between 45-65 years underwent off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) with high thoracic epidural anesthesia (HTEA) between April to September 2006. Target vessels involved were the single vessel in 5, double vessel

  14. Determinant Factors of Renal Failure after Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting with On-Pump Technique

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hossein Ahmadi; Abbasali Karimi; Saeed Davoodi; Namvar Movahedi; Mehrab Marzban; Kyomars Abbasi; Abbas Salehi Omran; Mahmud Shirzad; Seyed Hesameddin Abbasi; Mokhtar Tazik

    2009-01-01

    Objective: The aim of the present study was to investigate the determinant factors of acute renal failure (ARF) after isolated on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Subjects and Methods: This was a retrospective study of 13,315 adult patients who underwent isolated CABG with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in Tehran Heart Center from May 2002 to May 2007. The exclusion criteria were

  15. Survival benefit of coronary-artery bypass grafting accounted for deaths in those who remained untreated

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Boris G Sobolev; Guy Fradet; Robert Hayden; Lisa Kuramoto; Adrian R Levy; Mark J FitzGerald

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Currently there are no direct estimates of mortality reduction afforded by coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG) that take into account the deaths among patients for whom coronary revascularization was indicated but who did not undergo the treatment. The objective of this analysis was to compare survival after the treatment decision between patients who underwent CABG and those who remained untreated.

  16. Improved Clinical Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting With Coronary Endarterectomy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Oz M. Shapira; Gabriel Akopian; Ali Hussain; Mitchell Adelstein; Harold L. Lazar; Gabriel S. Aldea; Richard J. Shemin

    2010-01-01

    Background. Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with coronary endarterectomy (CE) has been associated with increased morbidity and mortality. We sought to evaluate the impact of recent advances in operative and perioperative management on outcomes after CE. Methods. One hundred fifty-one consecutive patients undergoing first-time CABG with CE between 1991 and 1997 were compared with a concurrent group of 757 patients

  17. Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting for Patients with Left Main Disease

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hitoshi Hirose

    2004-01-01

    Background: Multivessel off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has been performed with favorable results in our institute. In this study, we analyzed the outcomes in patients who underwent off-pump CABG for left main disease, since the surgical outcomes for such patients have not been clarified. Methods: Between March 1, 1999 and July 30, 2002, a total of 147 patients with

  18. Endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting with the aid of robotic assisted instruments

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Didier Loulmet; Alain Carpentier; Nicola d'Attellis; Alain Berrebi; Cyril Cardon; Olivier Ponzio; Bertrand Aupècle; John Y. M. Relland

    1999-01-01

    Objective: The development of endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting has been limited because of poor visualization and increased technical difficulties in carrying out operations through ports. We investigated whether the use of robotic assisted instruments could minimize these difficulties. Methods: After a period of technical development and training on cadavers (n = 8) with the Intuitive Surgical system (Intuitive Surgical,

  19. Development and validation of a prediction model for strokes after coronary artery bypass grafting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David C Charlesworth; Donald S Likosky; Charles A. S Marrin; Christopher T Maloney; Hebe B Quinton; Jeremy R Morton; Bruce J Leavitt; Robert A Clough; Gerald T O’Connor

    2003-01-01

    BackgroundA prospective study of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) was conducted to identify patient and disease factors related to the development of a perioperative stroke. A preoperative risk prediction model was developed and validated based on regionally collected data.

  20. The influence of cognitive reserve on neuropsychological functioning following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Susan A. Ropacki; Arthur A. Bert; Michael T. Ropacki; Brook L. Rogers; Robert A. Stern

    2007-01-01

    Neuropsychological impairment is common, yet variable, after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Similar variability has been observed in other CNS-related diseases. Empirical findings in Alzheimer's disease and HIV, among other areas, suggest cognitive reserve (CR) may mediate the cognitive impact of these diseases. The present study examined whether CR mediates neuropsychological outcome after CABG. Participants were 42 (N=42) individuals who

  1. Postoperative dissociation of blood levels of cortisol and adrenocorticotropin after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Angela K. Roth-Isigkeit; Peter Schmucker

    1997-01-01

    The regulation of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in the operative and perioperative period of major surgical procedures is necessary for successful adaption to surgical stress. We report evidence on an altered response of HPA axis regulation in patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. Plasma levels of adrenocorticotropin (ACTH), ?-endorphin, and cortisol were determined with radioimmune assay in

  2. Noninvasive assessment of coronary flow reserve in the right gastroepiploic artery graft

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Giuseppe Tavilla; Nico H. J Pijls; Kathinka H Peels; Eric Berreklouw

    2000-01-01

    Background. To investigate the functional capacity of the right gastroepiploic artery graft (GEA) and its ability to adapt to provide adequate flow at peak myocardial demand, we investigated the feasibility of determining coronary flow reserve (CFR) provided by this vessel using transabdominal color Doppler echocardiography and the correlation between this noninvasive determination of flow reserve and nuclear stress scintigraphy.Methods. In

  3. Noninvasive Assessment of Coronary Flow Reserve in the Right Gastroepiploic Artery Graft

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Giuseppe Tavilla; Nico H. J. Pijls; Kathinka H. Peels; Eric Berreklouw

    Background. To investigate the functional capacity of the right gastroepiploic artery graft (GEA) and its ability to adapt to provide adequate flow at peak myocardial demand, we investigated the feasibility of determining coronary flow reserve (CFR) provided by this vessel using transabdominal color Doppler echocardiography and the correlation between this noninvasive determina- tion of flow reserve and nuclear stress scintigraphy.

  4. Outcome of Renal Insufficiency Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Amala P. Chirumamilla; Michael F. Wilson; Gregory E. Wilding; Rameela Chandrasekhar; Hashmat Ashraf

    2008-01-01

    Renal insufficiency (RI) is a prognostic marker in patients with cardiovascular disease. In this study, the latest standard of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) calculation, that is the modification of diet in renal disease (MDRD) study equation, is used to measure the difference in the outcome of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery in various GFR groups. Between 2000 and 2005,

  5. The course of anxiety and depression in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. A. Duits; H. J. Duivenvoorden; S. Boeke; M. A. Taams; B. Mochtar; X. H. Krauss; J. Passchier; R. A. M. Erdman

    1998-01-01

    A semilongitudinal study was designed to follow-up the course of anxiety and depression in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. The focus was on possible effects of gender and age on variations in both mean level and interindividual differences over time. At two timepoints before and two after surgery, 217 patients completed self-report questionnaires. Multivariate testing revealed an

  6. Epidemiology of coronary artery bypass grafting at the Hospital Beneficência Portuguesa, São Paulo

    PubMed Central

    de Sousa, Alexandre Gonçalves; Fichino, Maria Zenaide Soares; da Silva, Gilmara Silveira; Bastos, Flávia Cortez Colosimo; Piotto, Raquel Ferrari

    2015-01-01

    Introduction The knowledge of the prevalence of risk factors and comorbidities, as well as the evolution and complications in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft allows comparison between institutions and evidence of changes in the profile of patients and postoperative evolution over time. Objective To profile (risk factors and comorbidities) and clinical outcome (complications) in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft in a national institution of great surgical volume. Methods A retrospective cohort study of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft in the hospital Beneficência Portuguesa de São Paulo, from July 2009 to July 2010. Results We included 3,010 patients, mean age of 62.2 years and 69.9% male. 83.8% of patients were hypertensive, 36.6% diabetic, 44.5% had dyslipidemia, 15.3% were smokers, 65.7% were overweight/obese, 29.3% had a family history of coronary heart disease. The expected mortality calculated by logistic EuroSCORE was 2.7%. The isolated CABG occurred in 89.3% and 11.9% surgery was performed without cardiopulmonary bypass. The most common complication was cardiac arrhythmia (18.7%), especially acute atrial fibrillation (14.3%). Pneumonia occurred in 6.2% of patients, acute renal failure in 4.4%, mediastinites in 2.1%, stroke in 1.8% and AMI in 1.2%. The in-hospital mortality was 5.4% and in isolated coronary artery bypass graft was 3.5%. The average hospital stay was 11 days with a median of eight days (3-244 days). Conclusion The profile of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery in this study is similar to other published studies. PMID:25859865

  7. Does Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Negatively Impact Long-Term Survival and Freedom from Reintervention?

    PubMed Central

    Raja, Shahzad G.; Husain, Mubassher; Popescu, Florentina L.; Chudasama, Dimple; Daley, Siobhan; Amrani, Mohamed

    2013-01-01

    Recently published evidence has raised concerns about worse late mortality and increasing need for reintervention after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. We undertook this study to assess the impact of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting on survival and freedom from reintervention at 10 years. From January 2002 to December 2002, 307 consecutive patients who had isolated multivessel off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting at our institution were compared to a control group of 397 patients that underwent multivessel on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting during the same period. In addition, univariate and risk-adjusted comparisons between the two groups were performed at 10 years. Kaplan-Meier survival was similar for the two cohorts. After adjusting for clinical covariates, off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting did not emerge as a significant independent predictor of long-term mortality (Hazard Ratio 0.91; 95% Confidence Interval 0.70–1.12), readmission to hospital for cardiac cause (Hazard Ratio 0.96; 95% Confidence Interval 0.78–1.10), or the need for reintervention (Hazard Ratio 0.93; 95% Confidence Interval 0.87–1.05). Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting compared with on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting does not adversely impact survival or freedom from reintervention at a 10-year follow-up. PMID:24106710

  8. Extracranial-Intracranial Bypass Surgery Using a Radial Artery Interposition Graft for Cerebrovascular Diseases

    PubMed Central

    Roh, Sung Woo; Sung, Han Yoo; Jung, Young Jin; Kwun, Byung Duk; Kim, Chang Jin

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the efficacy of extracranial-intracranial (EC-IC) bypass surgery using a radial artery interposition graft (RAIG) for surgical management of cerebrovascular diseases. Methods The study involved a retrospective analysis of 13 patients who underwent EC-IC bypass surgery using RAIG at a single neurosurgical institute between 2003 and 2009. The diseases comprised intracranial aneurysm (n=10), carotid artery occlusive disease (n=2), and delayed stenosis in the donor superficial temporal artery (STA) following previous STA-middle cerebral artery bypass surgery (n=1). Patients were followed clinically and radiographically. Results Bypass surgery was successful in all patients. At a mean follow-up of 53.4 months, the short-term patency rate was 100%, and the long-term rate was 92.3%. Twelve patients had an excellent clinical outcome of Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) 5, and one case had GOS 3. Procedure-related complications were a temporary dysthesia on the graft harvest hand (n=1) and a hematoma at the graft harvest site (n=1), and these were treated successfully with no permanent sequelae. In one case, spasm occurred which was relieved with the introduction of mechanical dilators. Conclusion EC-IC bypass using a RAIG appears to be an effective treatment for a variety of cerebrovascular diseases requiring proximal occlusion or trapping of the parent artery. PMID:22102946

  9. Thoracic endovascular aortic repair and off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting after renal transplantation: a case report.

    PubMed

    Yanase, Yohsuke; Muraki, Satoshi; Koyanagi, Tetsuya; Watanabe, Noriyasu; Kurimoto, Yoshihiko

    2011-01-01

    Twelve years after receiving a renal transplant, a 50-year-old woman developed asthmatic symptoms. Chest CT revealed a descending thoracic aortic aneurysm. She had undergone percutaneous coronary intervention to treat the left anterior descending artery 10 years earlier. Coronary artery angiography revealed restenosis of the left anterior descending artery (99%, #6 in-stent). Because cardiopulmonary bypass may cause problems for transplanted kidney, we performed off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (left internal thoracic artery to left anterior descending artery) and thoracic endovascular graft placement to treat the aortic aneurysm. Considering that the artery of the transplanted kidney was attached to the right iliac artery, and then the left common femoral artery was selected as the access root for GORE TAG(®) endografts (34 × 200 and 34 × 150 mm) (stentgrafts were deployed for the descending aortic artery). Postoperative angiography showed a patent bypass graft. Postoperative CT confirmed the absence of endoleaks. The postoperative course was uneventful, and she was discharged without complications. Ischemic heart disease and descending thoracic aortic aneurysm in recipients of kidney transplants can be treated using off-pump coronary bypass grafting and thoracic endovascular graft placement. The transplanted kidney was protected without using cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). PMID:21881367

  10. Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Is Associated with a Significant Worsening of QT Dynamicity and Heart Rate Variability

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bunyamin Yavuz; Umit Duman; Gulcan Abali; Omer Faruk Dogan; Alkin Yazicioglu; Levent Sahiner; Kudret Aytemir; Lale Tokgozoglu; Metin Demircin; Nasih Nazli; Giray Kabakci; Ali Oto

    2006-01-01

    Background: Imbalance in autonomic nervous system and impaired myocardial repolarization has been shown to increase the risk for arrhythmias in patients with coronary artery disease. This study evaluated the effects of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) on heart rate variability and QT interval dynamicity in subjects with coronary artery disease undergoing elective CABG surgery. Methods: The study group consisted of

  11. Endovascular Treatment Using Graft-Stent for Pseudoaneurysm of the Cavernous Internal Carotid Artery

    PubMed Central

    Ko, Jun Kyeung; Lee, Jae Il; Choi, Chang Hwa

    2011-01-01

    A 57-year-old man presented with a 2-day history of left oculomotor palsy. Digital subtraction angiography revealed a pseudoaneurysm of the left cavernous internal carotid artery (ICA) measuring 37×32 mm. The pseudoaneurysm was treated with a balloon expandable graft-stent to occlude the aneurysmal neck and preserve the parent artery. A post-procedure angiogram confirmed normal patency of the ICA and complete sealing of the aneurysmal neck with no opacification of the sac. After the procedure, the oculomotor palsy improved gradually, and had completely resolved 3 months after the procedure. A graft-stent can be an effective treatment for a pseudoaneurysm of the cavernous ICA with preservation of the parent artery. PMID:21892405

  12. Oral intake of hydrogen-rich water inhibits intimal hyperplasia in arterialized vein grafts in rats

    PubMed Central

    Sun, Qiang; Kawamura, Tomohiro; Masutani, Kosuke; Peng, Ximei; Sun, Qing; Stolz, Donna B.; Pribis, John P.; Billiar, Timothy R.; Sun, Xuejun; Bermudez, Christian A.; Toyoda, Yoshiya; Nakao, Atsunori

    2012-01-01

    Aims Arterialized vein grafts often fail due to intimal hyperplasia. Hydrogen potently protects organs and cells from many insults via its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. We investigated the efficacy of oral administration of hydrogen-rich water (HW) for prevention of intimal hyperplasia. Methods and results The inferior vena cava was excised, stored in cold Ringer solution for 2 h, and placed as an interposition graft in the abdominal aorta of syngeneic Lewis rats. HW was generated by immersing a magnesium stick in tap water (Mg + 2H2O ? Mg (OH)2 + H2). Beginning on the day of graft implantation, recipients were given tap water [regular water (RW)], HW or HW that had been subsequently degassed water (DW). Six weeks after grafting, the grafts in the rats given RW or DW had developed intimal hyperplasia, accompanied by increased oxidative injury. HW significantly suppressed intimal hyperplasia. One week after grafting, the grafts in HW-treated rats exhibited improved endothelial integrity with less platelet and white blood cell aggregation. Up-regulation of the mRNAs for intracellular adhesion molecules was attenuated in the vein grafts of the rats receiving HW. Activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, and MMP-9 was also significantly inhibited in grafts receiving HW. In rat smooth muscle cell (A7r5) cultures, hydrogen treatment for 24 h reduced smooth muscle cell migration. Conclusion Drinking HW significantly reduced neointima formation after vein grafting in rats. Drinking HW may have therapeutic value as a novel therapy for intimal hyperplasia and could easily be incorporated into daily life. PMID:22287575

  13. Downsized Contegra graft as a right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery conduit in the setting of mediastinitis.

    PubMed

    MacIver, Robroy H; Permut, Lester C; McMullan, David M

    2013-09-01

    Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) grafts are commonly used for construction of the right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery conduit in the modified Norwood procedure. Dehiscence of a PTFE conduit in the setting of purulent mediastinitis presents a challenging clinical problem because of limited availability of appropriately sized replacement vascular homografts. The Contegra bovine jugular vein graft is an alternative to placing another PTFE graft in an infected space when a homograft of appropriate size is not available. We describe the use of a downsized Contegra conduit to replace an infected PTFE right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery graft in a neonate with life-threatening purulent mediastinitis. PMID:23992706

  14. Ten Year Experience with Prosthetic Graft Infections Involving the Femoral Artery

    PubMed Central

    Siracuse, Jeffrey J; Nandivada, Prathima; Giles, Kristina A; Hamdan, Allen D; Wyers, Mark C; Chaikof, Elliot L; Pomposelli, Frank B; Schermerhorn, Marc L

    2013-01-01

    Background Prosthetic graft infection is a major complication of peripheral vascular surgery. We investigated our institution’s experience over ten years with bypass grafts involving the femoral artery to determine the incidence and risk factors for prosthetic graft infection. Methods A retrospective cohort single institution review of prosthetic bypass grafts involving the femoral artery from 2001–2010 evaluated patient demographics, body mass index, comorbidities, indications, location of bypass, type of prosthetic material, case urgency, previous ipsilateral bypass or percutaneous interventions; and evaluated the incidence of graft infections, amputations, and mortality. Results There were 496 prosthetic grafts identified with a graft infection rate of 3.8% (n=19) at a mean follow-up of 27 months. Multivariable analysis shows that redo bypass (HR 5.8, 95% CI 2.2–15.0), active infection at time of bypass (HR 5.2, 95% CI 1.9–14.2), female gender (HR 4.5, 95% CI 1.6–12.7), and diabetes mellitus (HR 4.6, 95% CI 1.5–14.3) were significant predictors of graft infection. Graft infection was predictive of major lower extremity amputation (HR 9.8, 95% CI 3.5–27.1) as was preoperative tissue loss (HR 4.7, 95% CI 1.8–11.9). Graft infection did not predict long term mortality, however chronic renal insufficiency (HR 2.3, 95% CI 1.6–3.4), tissue loss (HR 1.4, 95% CI 1.0–1.9), and active infection (HR 2.3, 95% CI 1.6–3.4) did. Infected grafts were removed 79% of the time. Staphylococcus epidermidis (37%) and Methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (26%) were the most common pathogens isolated. Conclusions Redo-bypass, female gender, diabetes, and active infection at time of bypass are associated with a higher risk for prosthetic graft infection and major extremity amputation, but do not confer an increased risk of mortality. Autologous vein for lower extremity bypass and endovascular interventions should be considered when feasible in high-risk patients. PMID:23312940

  15. Carotid Artery Stenosis Associated with Increased Mortality in Patients who Underwent Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting: A Single Center Experience

    PubMed Central

    da Rosa, Marcelo P.; Schwendler, Ricardo; Lopes, Rodrigo; Portal, Vera L.

    2013-01-01

    Background: Vascular disease resulting from arteriosclerosis is a severe worldwide health risk. Early diagnosis and intervention is important to control adverse cerebral and cardiovascular events. The aim of this study was to assess the potential predictors of mortality in patients submitted to coronary bypass surgery. Methods: Cohort study included asymptomatic cerebrovascular disease patients scheduled for coronary artery bypass grafting admitted to the cardiology reference center. All patients were submitted to carotid artery ultrasound assessment prior to surgery and were followed up during the entire in-hospital postoperative period. Carotid artery stenosis was considered clinically significant when cross sectional area ?50%. Significance was set at p <0.05. Logistic regression was used to identify independent predictors of mortality. Results: Of 455 patients with a mean age of 62.2 years 65.6% were males. The prevalence of carotid artery stenosis was 18.7%. It was absent in 3.6% of the patients, below 50% in 77.8%, between 50 and 69% in 11.6%, and between 70 and 99% in 6.9%. The carotid artery was occluded in 0.2% of the sample. An overall mortality of 12%, affecting 35 men (P=0.001) with stenosis ?50%. After logistic regression analysis, carotid artery stenosis ?50% was confirmed as being an independent predictor of mortality (P=0.005). Conclusion: In this series carotid artery stenosis showed a high prevalence in the sample assessed and was an independent predictor of mortality. PMID:24093050

  16. Coronary artery bypass grafting for a patient with Tangier disease

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hiroshi Takami; Tohru Kobayashi; Tsutomu Nakagawa; Makoto Sakurai; Nobuhisa Awata; Shizuya Yamashita

    2002-01-01

    A 56-year-old man with Tangier disease suffering from angina pectoris due to triple-vessel coronary artery disease evidenced\\u000a extremely low blood high-density lipoprotein of 1 mg\\/dl, a specific laboratory indicator of this rare genetic disorder of\\u000a lipid metabolism, considered to accompany juvenile arteriosclerosis. Because of the calcified ascending aorta, we conducted\\u000a combined minimally invasive coronary artery bypass (CAB) for the left

  17. Use of Pulmonary Artery Catheter in Coronary Artery Bypass Graft. Costs and Long-Term Outcomes

    PubMed Central

    Xu, Fei; Wang, Qian; Zhang, Heng; Chen, Sipeng; Ao, Hushan

    2015-01-01

    Background Pulmonary artery catheters (PAC) are used widely to monitor hemodynamics in patients undergoing coronary bypass graft (CABG) surgery. However, recent studies have raised concerns regarding both the effectiveness and safety of PAC. Therefore, our aim was to determine the effects of the use of PAC on the short- and long-term health and economic outcomes of patients undergoing CABG. Methods 1361 Chinese patients who consecutively underwent isolated, primary CABG at the Cardiovascular Institute of Fuwai Hospital from June 1, 2012 to December 31, 2012 were included in this study. Of all the patients, 453 received PAC during operation (PAC group) and 908 received no PAC therapy (control group). Short-term and long-term mortality and major complications were analyzed with multivariate regression analysis and propensity score matched-pair analysis was used to yield two well-matched groups for further comparison. Results The patients who were managed with PAC more often received intraoperative vasoactive drugs dopamine (70.9% vs. 45.5%; P<0.001) and epinephrine (7.7% vs. 2.6%; P<0.001). In addition, costs for initial hospitalization were higher for PAC patients ($14,535 vs. $13,873, respectively, p = 0.004). PAC use was neither associated with the perioperative mortality or major complications, nor was it associated with long-term mortality and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events. In addition, comparison between two well-matched groups showed no significant differences either in baseline characteristics or in short-term and long-term outcomes. Conclusions There is no clear indication of any benefit or harm in managing CABG patients with PAC. However, use of PAC in CABG is more expensive. That is, PAC use increased costs without benefit and thus appears unjustified for routine use in CABG surgery. PMID:25689312

  18. Ketoprofen combined with artery graft entubulization improves functional recovery of transected peripheral nerves.

    PubMed

    Mohammadi, Rahim; Mehrtash, Moein; Nikonam, Nima; Mehrtash, Moied; Amini, Keyvan

    2014-12-01

    The objective was to assess the local effect of ketoprofen on sciatic nerve regeneration and functional recovery. Eighty healthy male white Wistar rats were randomized into four experimental groups of 20 animals each: In the transected group (TC), the left sciatic nerve was transected and nerve cut ends were fixed in the adjacent muscle. In the treatment group the defect was bridged using an artery graft (AG/Keto) filled with 10 microliter ketoprofen (0.1 mg/kg). In the artery graft group (AG), the graft was filled with phosphated-buffer saline alone. In the sham-operated group (SHAM), the sciatic nerve was exposed and manipulated. Each group was subdivided into four subgroups of five animals each and regenerated nerve fibres were studied at 4, 8, 12 and 16 weeks post operation. Behavioural testing, sciatic nerve functional study, gastrocnemius muscle mass and morphometric indices showed earlier regeneration of axons in AG/Keto than in AG group (p < 0.05). Immunohistochemical study clearly showed more positive location of reactions to S-100 in AG/Keto than in AG group. When loaded in an artery graft, ketoprofen improved functional recovery and morphometric indices of the sciatic nerve. Local usage of this easily accessible therapeutic medicine is cost saving and avoids the problems associated with systemic administration. PMID:23932540

  19. Giant saphenous vein graft pseudoaneurysm to right posterior descending artery presenting with superior vena cava syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Vargas-Estrada, Andres; Edwards, Dianna; Bashir, Mohammad; Rossen, James; Zahr, Firas

    2015-01-01

    Saphenous vein grafts (SVG) pseudoaneurysms, especially giant ones, are rare and occur as a late complication of coronary artery bypass grafting. This condition affects both genders and typically occurs within the sixth decade of life. The clinical presentation ranges from an asymptomatic incidental finding on imaging studies to new onset angina, dyspnea, myocardial infarction or symptoms related to compression of neighboring structures. An 82-year-old woman presented with acute onset back pain, dyspnea and was noted to have significantly engorged neck veins. In the emergency department, a chest computed tomographic angiogram with intravenous contrast revealed a ruptured giant bilobed SVG pseudoaneurysm to the right posterior descending artery (RPDA). This imaging modality also demonstrated compression of the superior vena cava (SVC) by the SVG pseudoaneurysm. Coronary angiogram with bypass study was performed to establish the patency of this graft. Endovascular coiling and embolization of the SVG to RPDA was initially considered but disfavored after the coronary angiogram revealed preserved flow from the graft to this arterial branch. After reviewing the angiogram films, a surgical strategy was favored over a percutaneous intervention with a Nitinol self-expanding stent since the latter would have not addressed the superior vena cava compression caused by the giant pseudoaneurysm. Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiogram demonstrated SVC compression by the giant pseudoaneurysm cranial lobe. Our patient underwent surgical ligation and excision of the giant pseudoaneurysm and the RPDA was regrafted successfully. In summary, saphenous vein grafts pseudoaneurysms can be life-threatening and its therapy should be guided based on the presence of mechanical complications, the patency of the affected vein graft and the involved myocardial territory viability. PMID:26131340

  20. Giant saphenous vein graft pseudoaneurysm to right posterior descending artery presenting with superior vena cava syndrome.

    PubMed

    Vargas-Estrada, Andres; Edwards, Dianna; Bashir, Mohammad; Rossen, James; Zahr, Firas

    2015-06-26

    Saphenous vein grafts (SVG) pseudoaneurysms, especially giant ones, are rare and occur as a late complication of coronary artery bypass grafting. This condition affects both genders and typically occurs within the sixth decade of life. The clinical presentation ranges from an asymptomatic incidental finding on imaging studies to new onset angina, dyspnea, myocardial infarction or symptoms related to compression of neighboring structures. An 82-year-old woman presented with acute onset back pain, dyspnea and was noted to have significantly engorged neck veins. In the emergency department, a chest computed tomographic angiogram with intravenous contrast revealed a ruptured giant bilobed SVG pseudoaneurysm to the right posterior descending artery (RPDA). This imaging modality also demonstrated compression of the superior vena cava (SVC) by the SVG pseudoaneurysm. Coronary angiogram with bypass study was performed to establish the patency of this graft. Endovascular coiling and embolization of the SVG to RPDA was initially considered but disfavored after the coronary angiogram revealed preserved flow from the graft to this arterial branch. After reviewing the angiogram films, a surgical strategy was favored over a percutaneous intervention with a Nitinol self-expanding stent since the latter would have not addressed the superior vena cava compression caused by the giant pseudoaneurysm. Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiogram demonstrated SVC compression by the giant pseudoaneurysm cranial lobe. Our patient underwent surgical ligation and excision of the giant pseudoaneurysm and the RPDA was regrafted successfully. In summary, saphenous vein grafts pseudoaneurysms can be life-threatening and its therapy should be guided based on the presence of mechanical complications, the patency of the affected vein graft and the involved myocardial territory viability. PMID:26131340

  1. Changes in Heart Rate Variability after Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting and Clinical Importance of These Findings

    PubMed Central

    Lakusic, Nenad; Mahovic, Darija; Cerkez Habek, Jasna; Novak, Miroslav; Cerovec, Dusko

    2015-01-01

    Heart rate variability is a physiological feature indicating the influence of the autonomic nervous system on the heart rate. Association of the reduced heart rate variability due to myocardial infarction and the increased postinfarction mortality was first described more than thirty years ago. Many studies have unequivocally demonstrated that coronary artery bypass grafting surgery generally leads to significant reduction in heart rate variability, which is even more pronounced than after myocardial infarction. Pathophysiologically, however, the mechanisms of heart rate variability reduction associated with acute myocardial infarction and coronary artery bypass grafting are different. Generally, heart rate variability gradually recovers to the preoperative values within six months of the procedure. Unlike the reduced heart rate variability in patients having sustained myocardial infarction, a finding of reduced heart rate variability after coronary artery bypass surgery is not considered relevant in predicting mortality. Current knowledge about changes in heart rate variability in coronary patients and clinical relevance of such a finding in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting are presented.

  2. Stent-Graft Treatment for Bleeding Superior Mesenteric Artery Pseudoaneurysm After Pancreaticoduodenectomy

    SciTech Connect

    Suzuki, Kojiro, E-mail: kojiro@med.nagoya-u.ac.jp; Mori, Yoshine; Komada, Tomohiro; Matsushima, Masaya; Ota, Toyohiro; Naganawa, Shinji [Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Radiology (Japan)

    2009-07-15

    We report two cases of intraperitoneal bleeding from superior mesenteric artery (SMA) pseudoaneurysm after pancreaticoduodenectomy for pancreatic head carcinoma. In both cases, a stent-graft was deployed on the main SMA to exclude pseudoaneurysm and to preserve blood flow to the bowel. Bleeding stopped after the procedure. One patient was able to be discharged but died from carcinoma recurrence 4 months later. The other patient died of sepsis and stent-graft infection 5 months later. These patients remained free of intraperitoneal rebleeding during the follow-up period.

  3. Endovascular Repair of Acute Symptomatic Pararenal Aortic Aneurysm With Three Chimney and One Periscope Graft for Complete Visceral Artery Revascularization

    SciTech Connect

    Brechtel, Klaus, E-mail: klaus.brechtel@med.uni-tuebingen.de; Ketelsen, Dominik [Eberhard-Karls-University, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany); Endisch, Andrea [Eberhard-Karls-University, Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (Germany); Heller, Stephan; Heuschmid, Martin [Eberhard-Karls-University, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany); Stock, Ulrich A.; Kalender, Guenay [Eberhard-Karls-University, Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (Germany)

    2012-04-15

    PurposeTo describe a modified endovascular technique for complete revascularization of visceral and renal arteries in symptomatic pararenal aortic aneurysm (PRAA).TechniqueArterial access was surgically established in both common femoral arteries (CFAs) and the left subclavian artery (LSA). Revascularization of the left renal artery, the celiac trunk, and the superior mesenteric artery was performed through one single sheath via the LSA. Suitable covered stents were put in the aortic branches but not deployed. The right renal artery was accessed over the left CFA. Due to the longitudinal extension of the presented aneurysm two stent-grafts were introduced via the right CFA. After deploying the aortic stent-grafts, all covered stents in the side branches were deployed consecutively with a minimum overlap of 5 mm over the cranial and caudal stent-graft edges. Simultaneous ballooning was performed to fully expand all stent-grafts and warranty patency. Conclusion: This is the first report in the literature of chimney grafting in PRAA for complete revascularization of visceral and renal branches by using more than two covered stents introduced from one side through one single sheath. However this technique is modified, it should be used only in bailout situations when branched stent-grafts are not available and/or surgery is not suitable.

  4. Coronary artery surgery: now and in the next decade.

    PubMed

    Ennker, J C; Ennker, I C

    2012-01-01

    In coronary artery surgery the superiority of the internal mammary artery graft in 10-year survival was documented in 1986. In 1999 it was demonstrated that death, reoperation and percutaneous transluminary coronary angioplasty were more frequent in patients undergoing single rather than bilateral internal mammary artery grafting. Today coronary artery bypass grafting surgery is challenged by the success story of modern interventional cardiology. The Syntax Study, however, clearly underlined the better outcome for patients with triple-vessel and/or left main disease undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting in terms of repeat revascularization. Another point of ongoing discussion is the comparison between on-pump and off-pump coronary artery revascularization techniques. Even if mixed results exists in the literature, in experienced hands the combination of aortic no-touch and total arterial revascularization, probably leads to the superiority in off pump coronary artery bypass grafting in terms of significantly decreased rates of mortality, stroke, major adverse cardiac and cerebral vascular events. Coronary artery surgery in the next decade will be influenced by the further progression of minimally invasive surgical principles and by a variety of other factors. The role of robotics and hybrid surgery has yet to be defined. Alternatives within surgery will not only need to move to a less disruptive strategy (e.g. from on-pump to off-pump bypass) but also have to secure sustained innovation, as we can be sure that the current coronary artery bypass grafting activity will change substantially. PMID:23439278

  5. The impact of ethnicity on outcomes following coronary artery bypass graft surgery in the Veterans Health Administration

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John S Rumsfeld; Mary E Plomondon; Eric D Peterson; Michael G Shlipak; Charles Maynard; Gary K Grunwald; Frederick L Grover; A. Laurie W Shroyer

    2002-01-01

    ObjectivesWe evaluated the effect of African American (AA) and Hispanic American (HA) ethnicity on mortality and complications following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA).

  6. New Technologies in Coronary Artery Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Taggart, David; Nir, Rony-Reuven; Bolotin, Gil

    2013-01-01

    Coronary artery disease remains the leading cause of death in developed countries. Major recent studies such as SYNTAX and FREEDOM have confirmed that coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) remains the gold standard treatment in terms of survival and freedom from myocardial infarction and the need for repeat revascularization. The current review explores the use of new technologies and future directions in coronary artery surgery, through 1) stressing the importance of multiple arterial conduits and especially the use of bilateral mammary artery; 2) discussing the advantages and disadvantages of off-pump coronary artery bypass; 3) presenting additional techniques, e.g. minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass grafting, hybrid, and robotic-assisted CABG; and, finally, 4) debating a novel external stenting technique for saphenous vein grafts. PMID:23908868

  7. New technologies in coronary artery surgery.

    PubMed

    Taggart, David; Nir, Rony-Reuven; Bolotin, Gil

    2013-07-01

    Coronary artery disease remains the leading cause of death in developed countries. Major recent studies such as SYNTAX and FREEDOM have confirmed that coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) remains the gold standard treatment in terms of survival and freedom from myocardial infarction and the need for repeat revascularization. The current review explores the use of new technologies and future directions in coronary artery surgery, through 1) stressing the importance of multiple arterial conduits and especially the use of bilateral mammary artery; 2) discussing the advantages and disadvantages of off-pump coronary artery bypass; 3) presenting additional techniques, e.g. minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass grafting, hybrid, and robotic-assisted CABG; and, finally, 4) debating a novel external stenting technique for saphenous vein grafts. PMID:23908868

  8. Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting is Associated With Excellent Long-Term Survival and Quality of Life: A Prospective Cohort Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joel Dunning; Julian R. L. Waller; Barbara Smith; Sue Pitts; Simon W. H. Kendall; Khalid Khan

    Background. We investigated the long-term outcome of coronary artery bypass grafting both in terms of survival and quality of life. Methods. Ten-year postsurgery survival was collated on patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting from 1994 to 1996, and quality of life was assessed using EQ-5D and a quality-of-life thermometer. We analyzed data from 1,180 patients. Mean age was 61 years,

  9. Antiplatelet and anticoagulant therapy to prevent bypass graft thrombosis in patients with lower extremity arterial occlusive disease.

    PubMed

    Adam, D J; Stonebridge, P A; Belch, J J; Murie, J A

    2001-03-01

    The incidence of graft failure for above knee femoropopliteal grafts is described by the European Consensus Document on Critical Limb Ischaemia. It occurs in approximately 15% of patients when vein is used for the grafting procedure and in 20% of patients when PTFA (polytetrafluoroethylene) or other prosthetic material is used. Femorodistal grafts have a much poorer outcome with 45% and 75% failure rates for vein and prosthetic grafts, respectively. Prevention of primary graft failure and thus the need for surgical reintervention is of major clinical and economic importance. Early failure, occurring within one month of operation, is usually due to technical error such as poor patient selection or operative technique. Approximately 10% of graft failures will fall into this time period. When grafts thrombose after two years, progression of native atherosclerosis either proximally or distally is the usual cause. This accounts for 2-3% of all graft failures each year. The most common time for grafts to fail is between one month and two years (80% of all failures) and this is the same period in which graft stenoses are now known to develop. There are few evidence-based recommendations for the use of pharmacological agents in maintaining graft patency following peripheral vascular surgery. This article reviews the evidence for or against the use of anticoagulant and antiplatelet therapy for the prevention of bypass graft thrombosis in patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease. PMID:11343000

  10. Air embolism during off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery -A case report-

    PubMed Central

    Chang, Choo-Hoon; Cho, Hyun-Sung

    2012-01-01

    There have been several reports of gas embolism occurring during off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (OPCAB) surgery. However, all these cases of air embolism were associated with the repair of venous circulation, using a CO2 blower. In this report, we describe a rare case of air embolism in the coronary arteries associated with the use of a CO2 blower during OPCAB. There was no injury to the veins during OPCAB. The air embolism was treated successfully with cardiopulmonary bypass. PMID:22870370

  11. Optimal treatment of coronary-to-pulmonary artery fistula: surgery, coil or stent graft?

    PubMed Central

    Lipiec, Piotr; Peruga, Jan Zbigniew; Jaszewski, Ryszard; Paw?owski, Witold; Kasprzak, Jaros?aw

    2013-01-01

    We report a case of a 57-year-old man with typical angina due to a coronary artery-to-pulmonary artery fistula, which was evident on transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography with color Doppler flow mapping. The diagnosis was confirmed by coronary angiography. The patient underwent surgical ligation of the fistula. However, repeated transesophageal echocardiography and coronary angiography revealed persistence of the fistula with significant left-to-right shunt. The orifice of the fistula was then obliterated by stent-graft implantation, which was proven successful by angiography and echocardiography. PMID:24570733

  12. Midterm follow-up with exclusive use of arterial grafts in complete myocardial revascularization of patients with triple vessel coronary artery disease Seguimento clínico a médio prazo com uso exclusivo de enxertos arteriais na revascularização completa do miocárdio em pacientes com doença coronária triarterial

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Luiz Augusto; F. LISBOA; Luís Alberto; O. DALLAN; Luiz Boro PUIG; Carlos ABREU FILHO; Ricardo Cerquinho LECA; Luís Augusto; P. DALLAN; Sérgio Almeida de OLIVEIRA

    Objective: To evaluate the midterm benefits of exclusive use of arterial grafts in patients with triple vessel coronary arteriosclerotic disease who underwent complete coronary artery bypass grafting. Method: Between July 1995 and July 1997, 137 consecutive patients with triple vessel coronary atherosclerotic disease underwent complete coronary artery bypass grafting exclusively using arterial grafts. Of these patients, 112 (81.7%) were male,

  13. Removal of Thrombus from Aortocoronary Bypass Grafts and Coronary Arteries Using the 6Fr Hydrolyser

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1997-01-01

    This study evaluates the feasibility and safety of a 6Fr hydrodynamic thrombectomy catheter, the Hydrolyser, in native coronary arteries and aortocoronary bypass grafts. With use of a conventional contrast injector, saline solution is injected into the narrow lumen of the catheter which makes a 180° bend at the tip. The resultant high-velocity jet (150 km\\/hour) is directed over a sidehole

  14. Three-Dimensional Simulation of Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting with the Use of Computational Fluid Dynamics

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Min-Ho Song; Masaru Sato; Yuichi Ueda

    2000-01-01

    In search of an optimal anastomosis conformation in coronary artery bypass grafting surgery and flow visualization, three-dimensional\\u000a simulation of the anastomosis has been developed with the use of computational fluid dynamics. To simulate the surgery, a\\u000a Y-figure model with proximal stenosis was developed in three cases according to angles ranging from 10° to 30°. The boundary\\u000a condition of velocity and

  15. Vascularized bone graft from the palmar carpal artery for treatment of scaphoid nonunion

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. Mathoulin; M. Haerle

    1998-01-01

    We report the use of a bone graft harvested from the palmar and ulnar aspect of the distal radius and vascularized by the palmar carpal artery for the treatment of scaphoid nonunion in 17 patients, ten of whom had already had unsuccessful surgery. Union was obtained in all cases at an average of 60 days (range, 45–90 days).The average follow-up

  16. Preoperative aspirin ingestion increases operative blood loss after coronary artery bypass grafting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Victor A Ferraris; Suellen P. Ferraris; Frederick C. Lough; William R. Berry

    1995-01-01

    Thirty-four patients were entered into a non-blinded, randomized study to test the effect of preoperative aspirin ingestion on postoperative blood loss and transfusion requirements after coronary artery bypass grafting. Sixteen patients in the aspirin-treated group had significantly increased chest-tube blood loss 12 hours after operation (1,513 ± 978 versus 916 ± 482 ml; p = 0.038). In addition, aspirin users

  17. Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting in Patients with Left Ventricular Dysfunction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zile Singh Meharwal; Naresh Trehan

    2001-01-01

    Background: Coronary artery bypass grafting in patients with severe left ventricular (LV) dysfunction still remains a high risk procedure due to its high mortality and morbidity. Off-pump surgery can be an alternative technique in these patients. We analyzed our results of off-pump coronary surgery in patients with left ventricular dysfunction and com- pared them with patients operated on-pump. Methods: Between

  18. Coronary artery bypass grafting in patients who require long-term dialysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Leena Khaitan; Francis P Sutter; Scott M Goldman

    2000-01-01

    Background. Should coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) be performed in patients on long-term dialysis? This subject has been debated for several years. We retrospectively reviewed the charts of all patients who had CABG from August 1989 to October 1997.Methods. We identified 70 patients who were on long-term dialysis and had CABG during that time period. Patients were evaluated by chart

  19. Minimal Access Surgical Techniques in Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting for Triple-Vessel Disease

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pyng Jing Lin; Chau-Hsiung Chang; Jaw-Ji Chu; Hui-Ping Liu; Feng-Chun Tsai; Fen-Chiung Lin; Cheng-Wen Chiang; Peter P. C Tan

    1998-01-01

    Background. Minimal access surgical techniques in coronary artery bypass grafting have been used mainly in the management of single-vessel disease.Methods. Fifteen patients, 11 men and 4 women with a mean age of 64.1 years (range, 35.7 to 78.0 years), underwent operation for triple-vessel disease using minimal access techniques. The procedures were performed through a limited left parasternal thoracotomy using femorofemoral

  20. Angiographic coronary diffuseness and outcomes in dialysis patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting surgery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daniel Wong; Greg Thompson; Karen Buth; John Sullivan; Imtiaz Ali

    2010-01-01

    Objective: Pre-operative dialysis-dependent renal failure (DDRF) is a predictor of morbidity and mortality following coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG). Whether this is due in part to a more diffuse coronary atherosclerotic burden in these patients is unknown. The purpose of this study was to compare coronary atherosclerotic disease burden in patients with and without pre-existing DDRF undergoing CABG. Methods:

  1. Improved clinical outcomes in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting with coronary endarterectomy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Oz M Shapira; Gabriel Akopian; Ali Hussain; Mitchell Adelstein; Harold L Lazar; Gabriel S Aldea; Richard J Shemin

    1999-01-01

    Background. Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with coronary endarterectomy (CE) has been associated with increased morbidity and mortality. We sought to evaluate the impact of recent advances in operative and perioperative management on outcomes after CE.Methods. One hundred fifty-one consecutive patients undergoing first-time CABG with CE between 1991 and 1997 were compared with a concurrent group of 757 patients undergoing

  2. Transfusion associated in-hospital mortality and morbidity in isolated Coronary Artery Bypass Graft surgery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Abbas Salehiomran; Hossein Ahmadi; Abbasali Karimi; Mokhtar Tazik; Samaneh Dowlatshahi; Mahmood Sheikh Fathollahi; Seyed Hesameddin Abbasi

    2009-01-01

    Transfusion after cardiac surgery is very common. This rate varies between institutions and has remained high despite established\\u000a transfusion guidelines. We analyzed our database of patients who underwent isolated CABG (Coronary Artery Bypass Graft) to\\u000a determine the predictive factors of homologous transfusion and associated postoperative morbidity, mortality and resource\\u000a utilization. All 14,152 patients who underwent first-time isolated CABG, with or

  3. Angiographic coronary diffuseness and outcomes in dialysis patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting surgery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daniel Wong; Greg Thompson; Karen Buth; John Sullivan; Imtiaz Ali

    2003-01-01

    Objective: Pre-operative dialysis-dependent renal failure (DDRF) is a predictor of morbidity and mortality following coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG). Whether this is due in part to a more diffuse coronary atherosclerotic burden in these patients is unknown. The purpose of this study was to compare coronary atherosclerotic disease burden in patients with and without pre-existing DDRF undergoing CABG. Methods:

  4. Association of pre and intraoperative variables with postoperative complications in coronary artery bypass graft surgery

    PubMed Central

    Gimenes, Camila; Barrile, Silvia Regina; Martinelli, Bruno; Ronchi, Carlos Fernando; Arca, Eduardo Aguilar; Gimenes, Rodrigo; Okoshi, Marina Politi; Okoshi, Katashi

    2013-01-01

    Objective To associate the pre- and intraoperative variables with postoperative complications of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Methods The pre- and intraoperative risk factors of individuals of both genders with diagnosis of coronary insufficiency undergoing coronary artery bypass graft have been studied. Results Fifty-eight individuals with median age 62 ± 10 year-old were included in the study, 67% of whom were male. Fourteen (24.1%) patients were smokers, 39 (67.2%) had previous myocardial infarction history, 11 (19%) had undergone coronary angioplasty, 74% had hypertension, 27% had diabetes mellitus, 64% had dyslipidemia and 15.5% had chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Eighteen (31%) patients presented postoperative complications, most frequent being: infection in surgical incision, difficulties in deambulation, dyspnea, urinary infection and generalized weakness. Male patients had fewer complications than females (P=0.005). Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease remained hospitalized for longer time periods (P=0.019). Postoperative complications occurred in 50% of the patients with creatinine increased, while only 27.1% of the patients with normal value of creatinine had complications (P=0.049). In addition, complications occurred in 50% of the patients with diabetes mellitus, while only 23.8% of patients without diabetes mellitus had complications (P=0.032). The intraoperative factors showed no statistically significant differences. Conclusion The preoperative factors are associated with postoperative complications in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery. PMID:24598958

  5. Venous Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting: Late Results of a 15Year Actuarial Follow-Up in 486 Patients

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kenji Takazawa; Yasuyuki Hosoda; Taira Yamamoto; Akifusa Hariya; Noboru Ishikawa; Hiroyuki Miyagawa; Shizuyuki Dohi; Atsushi Amano

    2003-01-01

    Purpose. The aim of this study was to clarify the long-term results of venous coronary artery bypass grafting in Japanese patients. Methods. The study population included 492 patients who underwent venous coronary artery bypass procedures at the Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery of Juntendo University from January 1984 to December 1989. The great majority of patients, 420 of 492 (85.4%), were

  6. On-pump versus off-pump coronary artery bypass: independent risk factors and off-pump graft patency

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ole Lund; John Christensen; Susanne Holme; Kim Fruergaard; Arne Olesen; Eli Kassis; Ulrik Abildgaard

    2001-01-01

    Objective: Current knowledge on off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) generally stems from single surgeons’ experience or from series where OPCABs constituted a minor fraction of coronary operations. The present center decided to venture as far into OPCAB as possible during 1999. The present series thus represents the average surgeon's experience. Methods: During 1999, 533 patients underwent coronary artery bypass grafting

  7. Factors influencing blood transfusion requirements in robotic totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting on the arrested heart

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Johannes Bonatti; Thomas Schachner; Dominik Wiedemann; Felix Weidinger; Christian Kolbitsch; Hans Knotzer; Zachary N. Kon; Nikolaos Bonaros

    2011-01-01

    Objective: Robotic technology enables totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting (TECAB) procedures. These operations can be performed on either the beating or arrested heart. One challenge of the latter version is a potentially increased need for blood transfusions. We investigated factors associated with transfusion requirements in totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass on the arrested heart (AH-TECAB). Patients and methods: A

  8. Endothelial cell dysfunction after coronary artery bypass grafting with extracorporeal circulation in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Karla Lehle; Jürgen G. Preuner; Anja Vogt; Leopold Rupprecht; Andreas Keyser; Reinhard Kobuch; Christof Schmid; Dietrich E. Birnbaum

    2007-01-01

    Objective: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a well-known risk factor in patients with severe coronary artery disease undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The aim of the study was to analyze the endothelial dysfunction in these patients by evaluating postoperative soluble inflammatory cytokines. Methods: Patients undergoing CABG without (n=15, group A) and with (n=14, group B) diabetes mellitus were analyzed

  9. Endothelial cell dysfunction after coronary artery bypass grafting with extracorporeal circulation in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Karla Lehle; J urgen G. Preuner; Anja Vogt; Leopold Rupprecht; Andreas Keyser; Reinhard Kobuch; Christof Schmid; Dietrich E. Birnbaum

    2010-01-01

    Objective: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a well-known risk factor in patients with severe coronary artery disease undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The aim of the study was to analyze the endothelial dysfunction in these patients by evaluating postoperative soluble inflammatory cytokines. Methods:PatientsundergoingCABG without (n = 15, group A) and with (n = 14, group B) diabetes mellitus were

  10. Internal mammary artery perforator-based V-Y advancement flap for the reconstruction of soft tissue defects in the sternal region.

    PubMed

    Kim, Kwang Seog; Kim, Eui Sik; Hwang, Jae Ha; Lee, Sam Yong

    2013-12-01

    We successfully reconstructed a large defect that had been created by resection of an unstable, contracted, and hypertrophic scar with a chronic ulcer on the lower sternal area of a 67-year-old man. We used bilateral V-Y advancement flaps based on internal mammary artery perforators. PMID:23848419

  11. Successful Covering of a Hepatic Artery Aneurysm with a Coronary Stent Graft

    SciTech Connect

    Sakai, Hidetsugu; Urasawa, Kazushi; Oyama, Naotsugu; Kitabatake, Akira [Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Cardiovascular Medicine (Japan)

    2004-09-15

    In a 54-year-old woman with liver cirrhosis who underwent orthotopic liver transplantation, the postoperative course was complicated by aneurysm formation in the hepatic artery. Abdominal ultrasonography showed a daily increase in the size of the aneurysm in spite of careful management including strict rest and continuous intravenous infusion of antihypertensive agents. Since the patient's poor systemic status was a major obstruction to operative resection, transcatheter therapy was thought more preferable. We evaluated the lesion with intravascular ultrasonography as an adjunct to angiography and a dissection with a flap was well visualized. The aneurysm was covered with a commercially available stent-graft, designed for treatment of the coronary artery. This is a rare case in which a Jostent was implanted into the hepatic artery after liver transplantation.

  12. [Coronary artery spasm induced by neuroleptic malignant syndrome during off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting; report of a case].

    PubMed

    Mori, Akiko; Yamaya, Kazuhiro; Nitta, Yoshio; Yoshida, Seijiro

    2014-03-01

    A 61-year-old woman with a left main lesion and coronary spastic angina was scheduled for off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB). She had been orally receiving selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor( SSRI) for the treatment of depression. OPCAB to left anterior discending artery( LAD) and left circumflex branch (LCX) was performed using the bilateral internal thoracic arteries assisted by intra-aortic balloon pumping. When the sternotomy was going to be closed, ST elevation of electrocardiogram (ECG) occurred and was followed by complete atrio-ventricular (AV) block. After returning to intensive care unit (ICU), the patient showed rapid elevation of the body temperature, excessive sweating, progressive metabolic acidosis, and abnormal high levels in white blood cell count and creatine phosphokinase. On suspicion of neuroleptic malignant syndrome(NMS) onset, dantrolene sodium hydrate was administered, resulting in marked improvement of the symptoms. We have concluded that this case was an NMS combined with coronary artery spasm during OPCAB treated successfully with dantrolene sodium hydrate. PMID:24743539

  13. [Integrated coronary artery bypass strategy prevents urgent pump conversion during off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting].

    PubMed

    Yokoyama, H; Takase, S; Misawa, Y; Hagiwara, K; Tanji, M; Takahashi, S; Watanabe, M; Kondo, S

    2009-01-01

    Urgent pump conversion during off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) results in high morbidity and mortality. We retrospectively evaluated if the peri-operative integrated strategy prevents this lethal event in our 400 consecutive OPCAB operations. The patients with preoperative cardiogenic shock and/or ventricular arrhythmias underwent on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). All other patients (99% of total CABG) were scheduled to undergo OPCAB (n=400). Prophylactic intraaortic balloon pumping (IABP) was applied to the patients with critical (>95%) left main trunk stenosis or low (<0.35) left ventricular ejection fraction. All the patients received the deep pericardial suture, apex-traction device, suction-type stabilizer, test-clamp of target coronary arteries by micro bulldog clamp, and intra-coronary shunts. Intra-operative IABP was applied in the case of sustained ST-segment change and/or elevated pulmonary artery pressure. Pump conversion was indicated for the patients with ventricular fibrillation and/or cardiogenic shock. Two patients (0.5%) had pump conversion due to ventricular arrhythmia and sustained hypotension, respectively. These pump conversion did not result in hospital mortality. Three hospital deaths (0.7%) occurred due to non-cardiac causes. The integrated strategy using prophylactic or intra-operative IABP in OPCAB produce a low pump conversion rate even during an early period of surgeon's learning curve. PMID:19195183

  14. Oblique aortic valve replacement and coronary artery bypass grafting for severely calcified narrow aortic root with unstable angina

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Toru Ishida; Kiyoharu Nakano; Akihiko Gomi; Hayao Nakatani; Tokuya Sato; Naoki Saegusa

    2001-01-01

    We report an 84-year-old woman diagnosed with aortic stenosis and regurgitation with a severely calcified narrow aortic root\\u000a and left main coronary artery trunk stenosis with triple-vessel coronary artery disease. Emergency aortic valve replacement\\u000a and triple coronary artery bypass grafting were successful. The aortic annulus was small and heavily calcified, and the ascending\\u000a aorta, the sinus of valsalva and the

  15. Characterization of evolving biomechanical properties of tissue engineered vascular grafts in the arterial circulation.

    PubMed

    Udelsman, Brooks V; Khosravi, Ramak; Miller, Kristin S; Dean, Ethan W; Bersi, Matthew R; Rocco, Kevin; Yi, Tai; Humphrey, Jay D; Breuer, Christopher K

    2014-06-27

    We used a murine model to assess the evolving biomechanical properties of tissue engineered vascular grafts (TEVGs) implanted in the arterial circulation. The initial polymeric tubular scaffold was fabricated from poly(lactic acid)(PLA) and coated with a 50:50 copolymer of poly(caprolactone) and poly(lactic acid)(P[PC/LA]). Following seeding with syngeneic bone marrow derived mononuclear cells, TEVGs (n=50) were implanted as aortic interposition grafts in wild-type mice and monitored serially using ultrasound. A custom biaxial mechanical testing device was used to quantify the in vitro circumferential and axial mechanical properties of grafts explanted at 3 or 7 months. At both times, TEVGs were much stiffer than native tissue in both directions. Repeated mechanical testing of some TEVGs treated with elastase or collagenase suggested that elastin did not contribute significantly to the overall stiffness whereas collagen did contribute. Traditional histology and immunostaining revealed smooth muscle cell layers, significant collagen deposition, and increasing elastin production in addition to considerable scaffold at both 3 and 7 months, which likely dominated the high stiffness seen in mechanical testing. These results suggest that PLA has inadequate in vivo degradation, which impairs cell-mediated development of vascular neotissue having properties closer to native arteries. Assessing contributions of individual components, such as elastin and collagen, to the developing neovessel is needed to guide computational modeling that may help to optimize the design of the TEVG. PMID:24702863

  16. Pathology of hearts after aortocoronary saphenous vein bypass grafting for coronary artery disease, studied by post-mortem coronary angiography.

    PubMed Central

    Heard, B E

    1976-01-01

    A detailed pathological study was made in 10 patients dying up to 13 months after aortocoronary saphenous vein bypass grafting for coronary atherosclerosis. The coronary arteries and vein grafts were investigated by injection with a radio-opaque mass, radiography, dissection, and histology. The report is to some extent historical since the patients died during a period when the operation was first being introduced into two cardiothoracic hospitals. About 80 operations were performed during the time the 10 deaths occurred, a mortality of 12-5 per cent (including cases followed up to 13 months after operation). Seven of the patients were operated on for intractable angina and 3 with a view to aneurysmectomy. All the patients selected for operation were severely disabled despite medical treatment. The main cause of death was extremely severe coronary artery disease and its effects on the left ventricle; in one case, over two-thirds of the left ventricle had been destroyed by infarction before operation. Other causes or contributing causes of death were pulmonary embolism, myocardial infarction complicating angiography (ostial stenosis), and cerebral damage. Ten of the 14 vein grafts (71%) were patent at necropsy. A free flow of injection medium usually occurred between patent grafts and coronary arteries. Thrombosis of a graft was thought to have contributed to death in 3 patients, but not in a fourth who died of pulmonary embolism. Since thrombosis of grafts was usually secondary to poor run-off blood into severely atheromatous coronary arteries, this was also an indirect effect of the advanced coronary arterial disease. In one case, thrombosis followed severe chronic intimal thickening of a graft in place for 13 months. The study of these deaths emphasizes that in some patients the pathological changes in the coronary arteries and left ventricle are too severe for them to benefit from surgery. Vein grafts cannot be expected to distribute blood effectively through grossly narrowed coronary arteries. In addition, when a large part of the left ventricle is infarcted or scarred, it is almost certain that improving the blood supply by grafting will not result in significant regeneration of cardiac muscle. Since the time when this study was made, there have been few deaths among the many vein graft operations subsequently carried out in the hospitals involved. The two most important factors thought responsible for the improvement are the selection of cases more suitable for surgery by continued improvement of diagnostic techniques, and also the employment of more radical surgical procedures in the form of coronary endarterectomy and the insertion of more grafts per patient. Images PMID:1086091

  17. Does rich coronary collateral circulation distal to chronically occluded left anterior descending artery compete with graft flow?

    PubMed Central

    Kaku, Daisuke; Nakahira, Atsushi; Hirai, Hidekazu; Sasaki, Yasuyuki; Hosono, Mitsuharu; Bito, Yasuyuki; Suehiro, Yasuo; Suehiro, Shigefumi

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVES In coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), graft flow distal to a mild stenosis can compete with relatively preserved native flow through the stenosis and the competition can result in graft stenosis. In chronic total occlusion (CTO), coronary collateral circulation, which is essential to maintain myocardial viability distal to CTO, varies in extent among patients and the extent can be scored by Rentrop grade in coronary angiography. We investigated whether rich collateral circulation distal to CTO competes with distally anastomosed graft flow in association with Rentrop grade. METHODS Of 666 patients who underwent CABG from January 2001 to December 2012, 70 patients whose left internal thoracic artery (ITA) was grafted distal to CTO in the left anterior descending artery (LAD) were divided into three groups: Poor collaterals (Rentrop grades 0 and 1, Group P, n = 22), Moderate collaterals (grade 2, Group M, n = 23) and Rich collaterals (grade 3, Group R, n = 25). The intraoperative measurements of mean graft flow (MGF) and pulsatility index (PI) of left ITA grafts, early graft patency and long-term clinical outcomes were compared. RESULTS The MGF and PI of left ITA grafts differed significantly among the three groups (P = 0.025 and P = 0.046, respectively). Lower Rentrop grade was associated with preferable results of higher MGF and lower PI. The graft flow pattern in Group P showed a significantly higher MGF (P = 0.020) and lower PI (P = 0.041) than those in Group R. All early postoperative coronary angiograms showed patent left ITA grafts. Serial echocardiographic evaluations, survival rates and cardiac event-free rates were comparable with the follow-up of 5.00 ± 3.11 years. CONCLUSIONS Rich collateral circulation distal to CTO in LADs can potentially compete with graft flow, although the competition seems not to affect clinical outcomes probably due to the regression of collaterals surmounted by the graft flow. Rentrop grade is shown to certainly reflect the degree of collateral haemodynamic circulation distal to CTO and especially important to evaluate intraoperative graft flow appropriately, considering the possible phenomenon of graft flow competition. PMID:23959772

  18. Internal Iliac Artery Aneurysmo–Colonic Fistula after Endovascular Stent-Graft Repair: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Fukada, Johji; Tamiya, Yukihiko

    2015-01-01

    We describe rare ilio-enteric fistula that developed after endovascular repair of a left internal iliac artery aneurysm (IIAA). An 83-year-old man with a history of previous surgeries via laparotomies suddenly developed a high fever 3 years after undergoing endovascular abdominal aortic repair (EVAR) with a stent-graft to treat a left isolated IIAA. Computed tomography imaging revealed a fistula between the IIAA and the sigmoid colon. A colostomy was created because severe intraperitoneal adhesions prevented resection of the IIAA. The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient remained free of infection without antibiotics. Residual aneurysms can cause complications after EVAR. PMID:25848433

  19. Internal iliac artery aneurysmo-colonic fistula after endovascular stent-graft repair: a case report.

    PubMed

    Yanase, Yohsuke; Fukada, Johji; Tamiya, Yukihiko

    2015-01-01

    We describe rare ilio-enteric fistula that developed after endovascular repair of a left internal iliac artery aneurysm (IIAA). An 83-year-old man with a history of previous surgeries via laparotomies suddenly developed a high fever 3 years after undergoing endovascular abdominal aortic repair (EVAR) with a stent-graft to treat a left isolated IIAA. Computed tomography imaging revealed a fistula between the IIAA and the sigmoid colon. A colostomy was created because severe intraperitoneal adhesions prevented resection of the IIAA. The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient remained free of infection without antibiotics. Residual aneurysms can cause complications after EVAR. PMID:25848433

  20. [Minimally invasive saphenous vein harvesting for coronary artery bypass grafting. Use of Vega system].

    PubMed

    Simek, M; Nemec, P

    2005-05-01

    The authors present their first experience with minimally invasive saphenous vein harvesting for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). From February 2004 to June 2004 33 patients undergoing CABG were scheduled for minimally vein harvest with the use of Vega system (B/Braun-Aesculap, Tuttlingen, Germany). We evaluated wound and neurological complications associated with the vein harvest at the time of discharge and at the 3-month follow-up. The limited experience suggests that minimally invasive vein harvesting offers improved patient outcome in term of wound healing. PMID:16045115

  1. Redux valvular surgery with coronary artery bypass graft in familial hypercholesterolemia.

    PubMed

    Jalel, Ziadi; Sobhi, Mleyhi; Skander, Ben Omrane; Adel, Khayati

    2014-01-01

    Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is a dominantly inherited disorder caused by mutation at the locus for the low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor and is frequently associated with premature coronary artery disease and aortic valve involvement. The surgical treatment of these complications is accompanied by a high degree of risk, even in skillful hands. An intensive cholesterol-lowering therapy and LDL aphaeresis in association with surgery may be useful. The case of a 12-year-old girl, with a medical history of familial hypercholesterolemia is reported here, operated two years previously for valvular aortic stenosis; Ross intervention was done. She was readmitted for acute coronary syndrome. Three coronary artery bypass grafting was performed with saphenous veins with positive results. PMID:24701091

  2. Extraanatomical coronary artery bypass grafting in patients with severely atherosclerotic (Porcelain) aorta

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Cannulation, cross clamping, or partial clamping of the aorta during a proximal anastomosis may cause embolic complications in patients with severely atherosclerotic (porcelain) aortas. These patients carry high morbidity and mortality risks due to intraoperative atheroembolism. Methods Between June 2008 and May 2010, 972 open heart surgery operations were performed in our department. In this group there were 41 patients who had severe atherosclerotic plaques in the aorta (porcelain aorta), and 9 of these underwent an extraanatomical coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). These 9 patients were retrospectively analyzed and their demographic data, patient risk factors, and preferred surgical methods were reviewed. Results Seven patients underwent two-vessel CABG, while 2 underwent three-vessel CABG. Off-pump surgery was performed for 7 patients. CABG was performed with beating heart technique under cardiopulmonary bypass via femoral artery and right atrial cannulation without cross clamping in 2 of the patients. Postoperative course was uneventful in all patients. Mean length of stay in the intensive care unit was 2.11?±?0.78?days. Mean hospitalization was 7.22?±?0.97?days. Mean follow-up was 11.33?±?3.67?months, and no cerebrovascular events were observed during this period. Postoperative evaluation of the grafts by multislice computed tomography revealed sufficient patency in all patients. Conclusions Innominate artery is an alternative inflow source for the untouchable ascending aorta caused by severe atherosclerotic disease (porcelain aorta). In this group of patients, the risk of systemic embolisation and perioperative neurologic complications can be minimized by avoiding manipulation of the ascending aorta and using the innominate artery. PMID:23587129

  3. Dialysis grafts arterial plug: Retrieval using the tulip sheath device in vitro

    SciTech Connect

    Sharafuddin, Melhem J. [Washington University School of Medicine, Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology (United States); Titus, Jack L. [University of Minnesota Hospital and Clinic, Department of Pathology/Laboratory Medicine (United States); Gu Xiaoping; Hunter, David W.; Amplatz, Kurt [University of Minnesota, Hospital and Clinic, Department of Radiology (United States)

    1997-03-15

    The 'arterial plug' is a resistant thrombus that frequently persists at the arterial anastomosis of clotted hemodialysis grafts following thrombolytic therapy. We studied the physical and morphological characteristics of the plug and determined the feasibility of transcatheter removal in vitro using the tulip compression thrombectomy system. Sixteen thrombus plugs were recovered during surgical thrombectomy of clotted human dialysis grafts. The physical and gross physical characteristics of all plugs were analyzed. Eight specimens were evaluated microscopically. Transcatheter compression thrombectomy of eight plugs was attempted in vitro. Each plug was embedded in a polyvinyl tube filled with newly clotted blood and connected to a flow circuit. First, balloon-assisted aspiration thrombectomy (BAT) of soft thrombus was performed, while sparing the distal-most segment containing the plug. The tulip sheath was then introduced facing the 'arterial end' of the tube. The thrombus segment containing the plug was pulled back into the tulip mesh using either a 3 Fr Fogarty balloon catheter or a self-expanding rake. The tulip was closed to compress and remove the trapped plug. Near-complete thrombectomy of soft clot was achieved in all tested tubes. Compression and retrieval of the entire arterial plug was successful in all except one, where only partial compression of the plug occurred, presumably due to fibrotic changes. No fragmentation or embolization occurred in the remaining procedures. Spongy consistency was noted in 94% of the specimens. Microscopic evaluation showed organized layered thrombus with compaction in five plugs. Transcatheter removal of a thrombus plug is feasible in vitro using the tulip compression-thrombectomy system.

  4. Intra-arterial Methylprednisolone Infusion in Treatment-Resistant Graft-Versus-Host Disease

    SciTech Connect

    Weintraub, Joshua L., E-mail: Joshua.Weintraub@mssm.edu; Belanger, Adam R.; Sung, Chris C.; Stangl, P. Anondo; Nowakowski, F. Scott; Lookstein, Robert L. [Mount Sinai Medical Center, Department of Vascular and Interventional Radiology (United States)

    2010-06-15

    Acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a potentially fatal complication following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant. Standard primary therapy for acute GVHD includes systemic steroids, often in combination with other agents. Unfortunately, primary treatment failure is common and carries a high mortality. There is no generally accepted secondary therapy for acute GVHD. Although few data on localized therapy for GVHD have been published, intra-arterial injection of high-dose corticosteroids may be a viable option. We treated 11 patients with steroid-resistant GVHD using a single administration of intra-arterial high-dose methylprednisolone. Three patients (27%) died periprocedurally. Four patients (36%) had a partial response to intra-arterial treatment and were discharged on total parenteral nutrition and oral medication. Four patients (36%) had a complete response and were discharged on oral diet and oral medication. No immediate treatment or procedure-related complications were noted. Twenty-seven percent of patients survived long-term. Our preliminary results suggest that regional intra-arterial treatment of steroid-resistant GVHD is a safe and potentially viable secondary therapy in primary treatment-resistant GVHD.

  5. Spirometric values and chest pain intensity three days post-operative coronary artery bypass graft surgery?

    PubMed Central

    AlOtaibi, Kholoud D.; El-Sobkey, Salwa B.

    2015-01-01

    Aim Coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) is proved to have ventilatory complications and reduction in spirometric values. This study aimed to examine the hypothesis that reduction of post-operative chest pain intensity would be associated with improvement in the spirometric values for patient underwent CABG. Materials and method 26 cardiac patients recruited for this study. Their convenience to the study inclusion criteria decided their eligibility. Through 3 days after elective CABG their spirometric values were measured along with their perception to chest pain intensity using 0–10 numeric rating scale. Collected data were recorded and analyzed statistically. Results Chest pain intensity showed progressive significant (P = 0.0001) reduction through the 3 days post-operative. On the other hand spirometric values also showed progressive improvement through the 3 days post-operative. This improvement was significant for all measured spirometric values except for the ratio of forced expiratory volume in the 1st second to the forced vital capacity (P = 0.134). There was no significant relationship between the chest pain intensity and spirometric values. This was applied to all measured spirometric values and to the 3 days postoperative. Conclusion The current study findings rejected the examined hypothesis that reduction of post-operative chest pain intensity would be associated with improvement in the spirometric values for patient underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery. There was no significant relationship between the chest pain intensity and any of the spirometric values at any of the 3 post-operative days.

  6. Bivalirudin, blood loss, and graft patency in coronary artery bypass surgery.

    PubMed

    Merry, Alan F

    2004-06-01

    A safe and effective alternative is needed for patients in whom unfractionated heparin (UFH) or protamine is contraindicated (e.g., those with heparin-induced thrombocytopenia or allergy to protamine). Furthermore, choice of anticoagulant may influence graft patency in coronary surgery and may therefore be important even when there is no contraindication to UFH. Direct thrombin inhibitors have several potential advantages over UFH, demonstrated in acute coronary syndromes. However, there are also potential difficulties with their use related to lack of reversal agents and paucity of clinical experience in monitoring their anticoagulant activity at the levels required for cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). In the first prospective randomized trial of an alternative to heparin in cardiac surgery, we compared bivalirudin (a short-acting direct thrombin inhibitor) with UFH in 100 patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery. Blood loss for the 12 hours following study drug initiation in the bivalirudin group was not significantly greater than in the heparin group. Median graft flow was significantly higher in the bivalirudin group. We concluded that anticoagulation for OPCAB surgery with bivalirudin was feasible without a clinically important increase in perioperative blood loss. A larger study is needed to investigate the impact of improved graft patency on other clinical outcomes after cardiac surgery. PMID:15282656

  7. Covered Stent-Graft Treatment of Traumatic Internal Carotid Artery Pseudoaneurysms: A Review

    SciTech Connect

    Maras, Dimitrios; Lioupis, Christos [Red Cross Hospital of Athens, Department of Vascular Surgery (Greece)], E-mail: lioupisC@panafonet.gr; Magoufis, George; Tsamopoulos, Nikolaos [Henry Dynant Hospital, Department of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Neuroradiology (Greece); Moulakakis, Konstantinos; Andrikopoulos, Vasilios [The Red Cross Hospital of Athens, Department of Vascular Surgery (Greece)

    2006-12-15

    Objective. To review the literature concerning the management with placement of covered stent-grafts of traumatic pseudoaneurysms of the extracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) resulting from penetrating craniocervical injuries or skull base fractures. Method. We have reviewed, from the Medline database, all the published cases in the English literature since 1990 and we have added a new case. Results. We identified 20 patients with traumatic extracranial ICA pseudoaneurysms due to penetrating craniocervical injuries or skull base fractures who had been treated with covered stent-graft implantation. Many discrepancies have been ascertained regarding the anticoagulation therapy. In 3 patients the ICA was totally occluded in the follow-up period, giving an overall occlusion rate 15%. No serious complication was reported as a result of the endovascular procedure. Conclusion. Preliminary results suggest that placement of stent-grafts is a safe and effective method of treating ICA traumatic pseudoaneurysms resulting from penetrating craniocervical injuries or skull base fractures. The immediate results are satisfactory when the procedure takes place with appropriate anticoagulation therapy. The periprocedural morbidity and mortality and the early patency are also acceptable. A surveillance program with appropriate interventions to manage restenosis may improve the long-term patency.

  8. Wrapping of an Ascending Aortic Aneurysm with the Multiple Boot-Straps Technique in a Patient Undergoing Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

    PubMed Central

    Na, Kwon Joong; Kim, Jun Sung; Park, Kay-Hyun; Lim, Cheong

    2015-01-01

    Ascending aortic aneurysms are usually treated with graft replacement under cardiopulmonary bypass. However, if a candidate for off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting has an enlarged ascending aorta, surgeons may consider wrapping it without cardiopulmonary bypass. Here, we report a 78-year-old female who underwent successful wrapping of the ascending aorta concomitant with off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting, using a new wrapping technique that involves multiple bootstraps. PMID:26078929

  9. Should the radial artery be used as a bypass graft following radial access coronary angiography

    PubMed Central

    Lim, Lisa M.; Galvin, Sean D.; Javid, Mohamed; Matalanis, George

    2014-01-01

    The radial artery (RA) is often selected as the next conduit of choice following the internal thoracic artery for coronary artery bypass grafting operations (CABG). Radial access coronary angiography (RA-CA) has grown in popularity among cardiologists and has been advocated as the access route of choice for coronary angiography and intervention by many groups. However, sheath insertion and instrumentation may lead to structural and functional damage to the RA, which may preclude its use as a bypass conduit. The increasing use of RA-CA may therefore have an adverse effect on the ability to use the RA as a bypass conduit at subsequent CABG. To review this, a best evidence topic in cardiothoracic surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was: ‘should the radial artery be used as a bypass conduit following radial access coronary angiography’? Altogether, 167 papers were found using the reported search; 11 papers were identified that provided the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The authors, journal, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes and results of these studies were tabulated. Acute RA occlusion occurs in 2.3–30.5% of patients undergoing RA-CA. While a significant number of occluded RA's show recanalization on early follow-up, markers of endothelial function such as intima-media thickening (IMT) and flow-mediated dilatation remain impaired. RA-CA causes structural injury to the RA with evidence of histological injury (including intimal hyperplasia, periarterial tissue/fat necrosis and adventitial inflammation) along with intimal tears and medial dissections evident along the entire length of the vessel. Only one paper directly assesses patency rates of RA's used as bypass grafts following RA-CA finding a significant adverse effect on graft patency (77% patency in RA-CA, compared with 98% in the control group). We recommend avoiding the RA as a bypass conduit if it has previously been used for RA-CA. In situations where conduit options are limited, if possible, the RA should be avoided for at least 3 months following RA-CA and it may be beneficial to assess the RA's patency and flow characteristics with Doppler ultrasound preoperatively. PMID:24254539

  10. On-pump versus off-pump coronary artery bypass: independent risk factors and off-pump graft patency

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ole Lund; John Christensen; Susanne Holme; Kim Fruergaard; Arne Olesen; Eli Kassis; Ulrik Abildgaard

    Abstract Objective: Current knowledge,on off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) generally stems from single surgeons’ experience or from series where OPCABs constituted a minor fraction of coronary operations. The present center decided to venture as far into OPCAB as possible during 1999. The present series thus represents the average surgeon’s experience. Methods: During 1999, 533 patients underwent coronary artery bypass grafting

  11. Long-term structural alterations to endothelial cells in vein-to-artery grafts: a quantitative electron microscopic study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marc Tennant; John McGeachie

    1996-01-01

    The intracellular structure of endothelium lining vein-to-artery grafts in rats was analysed, using transmission electron microscopy and morphometry, to determine the ultrastructural adaptations of endothelial cells in this altered vascular environment. Autogenous 4-mm sections of iliolumbar veins were inserted microsurgically into the left common iliac arteries of 16 male Wistar rats. At 3, 6, 26 and 52 weeks the cytoplasmic-vesicular,

  12. Sternal Healing after Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Using Bilateral Internal Thoracic Arteries: Assessment by Computed Tomography Scan

    PubMed Central

    Shin, Yoon Cheol; Kim, Sue Hyun; Kim, Dong Jung; Kim, Dong Jin; Kim, Jun Sung; Lim, Cheong; Park, Kay-Hyun

    2015-01-01

    Background This study aimed to investigate sternal healing over time and the incidence of poor sternal healing in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery using bilateral internal thoracic arteries. Methods This study enrolled 197 patients who underwent isolated CABG using skeletonized bilateral internal thoracic arteries (sBITA) from 2006 through 2009. Postoperative computed tomography (CT) angiography was performed on all patients at monthly intervals for three to six months after surgery. In 108 patients, an additional CT study was performed 24 to 48 months after surgery. The axial CT images were used to score sternal fusion at the manubrium, the upper sternum, and the lower sternum. These scores were added to evaluate overall healing: a score of 0 to 1 reflected poor healing, a score of 2 to 4 was defined as fair healing, and a score of 5 to 6 indicated complete healing. Medical records were also retrospectively reviewed to identify perioperative variables associated with poor early sternal healing. Results Three to six months after surgery, the average total score of sternal healing was 2.07±1.52 and 68 patients (34.5%) showed poor healing. Poor healing was most frequently found in the manubrium, which was scored as zero in 72.6% of patients. In multivariate analysis, the factors associated with poor early healing were shorter post-surgery time, older age, diabetes mellitus, and postoperative renal dysfunction. In later CT images, the average sternal healing score improved to 5.88±0.38 and complete healing was observed in 98.2% of patients. Conclusion Complete sternal healing takes more than three months after a median sternotomy for CABG using sBITA. Healing is most delayed in the manubrium. PMID:25705595

  13. Simultaneous coronary artery bypass grafting and carotid endarterectomy can be performed with low mortality rates

    PubMed Central

    Aydin, Ebuzer; Ozen, Yucel; Sarikaya, Sabit; Yukseltan, Ismail

    2014-01-01

    Summary Introduction There is controversy over the best approach for patients with concomitant carotid and coronary artery disease. In this study, we report on our experience with simultaneous carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery in our clinic in the light of data in the literature. Methods Between January 1996 and January 2009, a total of 110 patients (86 males, 24 females; mean age 65.11 ± 7.81 years; range 44–85 years), who were admitted to the cardiovascular surgery clinic at our hospital, were retrospectively analysed. All patients underwent simultaneous CEA and CABG. Demographic characteristics of the patients and a history of previous myocardial infarction (MI), hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidaemia, peripheral arterial disease and smoking were recorded. Results One patient (0.9%) with major stroke died due to ventricular fibrillation. Peri-operative neurological complications were observed in seven patients (6%). Complications were persistent in two patients. Four patients (3%) had postoperative major stroke, whereas three patients (2%) had transient hemiparesis. No peri-operative myocardial infarction was observed. Conclusion Simultaneous CEA and CABG can be performed with low rates of mortality and morbidity. PMID:25000443

  14. Stent-Graft for the Management of Hepatic Artery Rupture Subsequent to Transcatheter Thrombolysis and Angioplasty in a Liver Transplant Recipient

    SciTech Connect

    Yamakado, Koichiro, E-mail: yama@clin.medic.mie-u.ac.jp; Nakatsuka, Atsuhiro; Takaki, Haruyuki [Mie University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology (Japan); Usui, Masanobu; Sakurai, Hiroyuki; Isaji, Shuji [Mie University School of Medicine, First Department of Surgery (Japan); Uemoto, Shinji [Kyoto University, Department of Surgery (Japan); Takeda, Kan [Mie University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology (Japan)

    2008-07-15

    Arterial rupture subsequent to angioplasty occurs in about 5% of cases. Thrombolysis with re-establishment of flow without resolving underlying anatomic defects such as hepatic arterial stenosis leads to re-thrombosis. We present a case of arterial anastomotic rupture after thrombolysis and angioplasty of an underlying anastomotic hepatic arterial stenosis. Both the underlying anatomic defect and the rupture were resolved successfully with placement of a stent-graft, with a resultant patent artery for 1 year after the procedure.

  15. Food pattern and quality of life in metabolic syndrome patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting in Taiwan

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Heng-Hsin Tung; Li-Hua Tseng; Jeng Wei; Cheng-Hsin Lin; Tsae-Jyy Wang; Shu-Yuan Liang

    2011-01-01

    Metabolic syndrome is associated with poor operative outcomes of coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG). A healthy food pattern for metabolic syndrome patients is necessary not only in the initial stage to prevent cardiovascular disease but for those who experience cardiovascular problems and undergo heart surgery. Empirical studies that explore food pattern and quality of life metabolic syndrome patients who

  16. Superior Mesenteric Artery Pseudoaneurysm Following Pancreaticoduodenectomy: Management by Endovascular Stent-Graft Placement and Transluminal Thrombin Injection

    SciTech Connect

    Wallace, Michael J. [University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Department of Diagnostic Radiology (United States)], E-mail: mwallace@mdanderson.org; Choi, Eugene [University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Department of Surgical Oncology (United States); McRae, Stephen; Madoff, David C.; Ahrar, Kamran [University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Department of Diagnostic Radiology (United States); Pisters, Peter [University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Department of Surgical Oncology (United States)

    2007-06-15

    Superior mesenteric artery (SMA) pseudoaneurysm formation is a rare and potentially fatal postoperative complication. Herein we present a case of a large post-pancreaticoduodenectomy SMA pseudoaneurysm that required thrombin injection after initial stent-graft deployment to accomplish complete pseudoaneurysm occlusion.

  17. Antisense basic fibroblast growth factor alters the time course of mitogen-activated protein kinase in arterialized vein graft remodeling

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Akimasa Yamashita; Abigail K. Hanna; Satoshi Hirata; Alan Dardik; Bauer E. Sumpio

    2003-01-01

    Purpose: Neointimal hyperplasia (NIH) is complete by 3 weeks in rabbit vein grafts implanted into the arterial circulation. Activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) family of protein kinases is thought to be critical in remodeling events such as cellular proliferation, differentiation, and migration, as found in NIH. We previously demonstrated that antisense basic fibroblast growth factor (ASbFGF) inhibited the

  18. Increased risk of heart failure as a consequence of perioperative myocardial injury after coronary artery bypass grafting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J Steuer; F Granath; U de Faire; A Ekbom; E Sta?hle

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To analyse the relation between perioperative myocardial injury (PMI) and the risk of subsequent heart failure after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).Design and setting: Clinical data were documented prospectively in all patients and stored in a computer. All hospital readmissions were identified and the registered primary diagnoses were analysed. Survival information on all patients was obtained by use of

  19. Equity in access to exercise tolerance testing, coronary angiography, and coronary artery bypass grafting by age, sex and clinical indications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A Bowling; M Bond; D McKee; M McClay; A P Banning; N Dudley; A Elder; A Martin; I Blackman

    2001-01-01

    OBJECTIVESTo assess whether patients with heart disease in a single UK hospital have equitable access to exercise testing, coronary angiography, and coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG).METHODRetrospective analysis of patients' medical case notes (n = 1790), tracking each case back 12 months and forward 12 months from the patient's date of entry to the study.SETTINGSingle UK district hospital in the

  20. Direct costs of coronary artery bypass grafting in patients aged 65 years or more and those under age 65

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gary Naglie; Catherine Tansey; Murray D. Krahn; Keith O'Rourke; Allan S. Detsky; Hildo Bolley

    1999-01-01

    Background: Over the past 20 years, there have been marked increases in rates of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) among older people in Canada. The ob- jectives of this study were to accurately estimate the direct medical costs of CABG in older patients (age 65 years or more) and to compare CABG costs for this age group with those for

  1. Occult infiltrating bi-ventricular papillary renal cell carcinoma metastasis found during coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

    PubMed

    Mollberg, Nathan M; Johnson, Nicholas B; Ying, Shan-Chinga; Abdelhady, Khaled; Massad, Malek G; Chung, Doreen E

    2012-04-01

    Metastatic papillary renal cell carcinoma (RCC) to the heart has never been reported. We report the case of a 73-year-old patient with papillary RCC metastatic to the left and right ventricles, found during a triple vessel coronary artery bypass graft surgery. PMID:22511433

  2. Occult infiltrating bi-ventricular papillary renal cell carcinoma metastasis found during coronary artery bypass graft surgery

    PubMed Central

    Mollberg, Nathan M.; Johnson, Nicholas B.; Ying, Shan-Chinga; Abdelhady, Khaled; Massad, Malek G.; Chung, Doreen E.

    2012-01-01

    Metastatic papillary renal cell carcinoma (RCC) to the heart has never been reported. We report the case of a 73-year-old patient with papillary RCC metastatic to the left and right ventricles, found during a triple vessel coronary artery bypass graft surgery. PMID:22511433

  3. Predictive Haemodynamics in a One-Dimensional Human Carotid Artery Bifurcation. Part II: Application to Graft Design

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vijaya B. Kolachalama; Neil W. Bressloff; Prasanth B. Nair; Clifford P. Shearman

    2008-01-01

    A Bayesian surrogate modeling technique is proposed that may be able to predict an optimal bypass graft configuration for patients suffering with stenosis in the internal carotid artery (ICA). At the outset, this statistical technique is considered as a means for identifying key geometric parameters influencing haemodynamics in the human carotid bifurcation. This methodology uses a design of experiments (DoE)

  4. Psychological and Somatic Factors in Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery: Towards Building a Psychological Framework

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Annelien Duits; Hugo Duivenvoorden; Saskia Boeke; Bas Mochtar; Jan Passchier; Ruud Erdman

    2002-01-01

    The present study explored the relationships between psychological and somatic factors in patients undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Graft surgery (CABG). The data-analysis of previous work was extended by adding somatic factors, including feelings of disability, somatic complaints and fatigue. The focus was on their relationships with psychological factors, including anxiety, depression and neuroticism. Prior to surgery and six months postoperatively,

  5. The impact of new preventive measures and treatment of surgical site infections after coronary artery bypass graft surgery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fernando Antoniali; Ana Paula; Nunes de ALBUQUERQUE; Ana P. N. Albuquerque; Gleice A. A. Reinert; Gustavo C. A. Ribeiro

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To assess the impact of new preventive measures of surgical site infections after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Method: A retrospective study of 468 patients who underwent CABG surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass was performed. These patients were distributed into two groups: Group A (n=224) and Group B (n=244), respectively before and after a new protocol. The two groups

  6. Simultaneous coronary artery bypass grafting and carotid endarterectomy in an awake Jehova's witness patient without endotracheal intubation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gino Gerosa; Franco Grego; Gianclaudio Falasco; Francesca di Marco

    2005-01-01

    Complex surgical procedures are associated with a major risk of peri-operative bleeding. Jehova's witnesses (JW) necessitate a tailored strategy warranting the optimal surgical management, in observance to their religion principles. In this report, we present a JW female patient, who underwent combined coronary artery bypass grafting and carotid endarterectomy, with neither endotracheal intubation nor general anaesthesia. Patient had previously undergone

  7. Case report Simultaneous coronary artery bypass grafting and carotid endarterectomy in an awake Jehova's witness patient without endotracheal intubation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gino Gerosa; Franco Grego

    Complex surgical procedures are associated with a major risk of peri-operative bleeding. Jehova's witnesses (JW) necessitate a tailored strategy warranting the optimal surgical management, in observance to their religion principles. In this report, we present a JW female patient, who underwent combined coronary artery bypass grafting and carotid endarterectomy, with neither endotracheal intubation nor general anaesthesia. Patient had previously undergone

  8. Ruptured Mycotic Common Femoral Artery Pseudoaneurysm: Fatal Pulmonary Embolism after Emergency Stent-Grafting in a Drug Abuser

    PubMed Central

    Kalogirou, Thomas E.; Giagtzidis, Ioakeim T.; Papazoglou, Konstantinos O.

    2014-01-01

    The rupture of a mycotic femoral artery pseudoaneurysm in an intravenous drug abuser is a limb- and life-threatening condition that necessitates emergency intervention. Emergency stent-grafting appears to be a viable, minimally invasive alternative, or a bridge, to subsequent open surgery. Caution is required in cases of suspected concomitant deep vein thrombosis in order to minimize the possibility of massive pulmonary embolism during stent-grafting, perhaps by omitting stent-graft postdilation or by inserting an inferior vena cava filter first. We describe the emergency endovascular management, in a 60-year-old male intravenous drug abuser, of a ruptured mycotic femoral artery pseudoaneurysm, which was complicated by a fatal pulmonary embolism. PMID:25593530

  9. Superiority of moderate control of hyperglycemia to tight control in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting

    PubMed Central

    Bhamidipati, Castigliano M.; LaPar, Damien J.; Stukenborg, George J.; Morrison, Christine C.; Kern, John A.; Kron, Irving L.; Ailawadi, Gorav

    2011-01-01

    Objective Although consensus in cardiac surgery supports tight control of perioperative hyperglycemia (glucose <120 mg/dL), recent studies in critical care suggest moderate glycemic control may be superior. We sought to determine whether tight control or moderate glycemic control is optimal after coronary artery bypass grafting. Methods From 1995 to 2008, a total of 4658 patients with known diabetes or perioperative hyperglycemia (preoperative glycosylated hemoglobin ?8 or postoperative serum glucose >126 mg/dL) underwent isolated coronary artery bypass grafting at our institution. Patients were stratified into 3 postoperative glycemic groups: tight (?126 mg/dL), moderate (127–179 mg/dL), and liberal (?180 mg/dL). Preoperative risk factors, glycemic management, and postoperative outcomes were analyzed. Results Operative mortality was 2.5%(119/4658); major complication rate was 12.5%(581/4658). Relative to moderate group, more patients in tight group had preoperative renal failure (tight 16.4%, 22/134, moderate 8.3%, 232/2785, P = .001) and underwent emergent operations (tight 5.2%, 7/134, moderate 1.9%, 52/2785, P = .007); however, Society of Thoracic Surgeons predicted mortality risk was lower in tight group (P < .001). Moderate group had lowest mortality (tight 2.9%, 4/134, moderate 2.0%, 56/2785, liberal 3.4%, 59/1739, P = .02) and incidence of major complications (tight 19.4%, 26/134, moderate 11.1%, 308/2785, liberate 14.2%, 247/1739, P < .001). Risk-adjusted major complication incidence (adjusted odds ratio 0.7, 95% confidence interval 0.58–0.87) and mortality (adjusted odds ratio 0.6, 95% confidence interval 0.37–0.83) were lower with moderate glucose control than with tight or liberal management. Conclusions Moderate glycemic control was superior to tight glycemic control, with decreased mortality and major complications, and may be ideal for patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass grafting. PMID:21163498

  10. Congenital atresia of the left coronary artery--myocardial revascularization in two children.

    PubMed

    Gebauer, Roman; Cerny, Stepan; Vojtovic, Pavel; Tax, Petr

    2008-12-01

    Two patients with congenital atresia of the left coronary artery ostium underwent myocardial revascularization at the age of three years and three months, respectively. The patients were admitted to the hospital with a clinical history of sudden chest pain or short apnea not necessitating resuscitation. Non-invasive examinations and hemodynamic studies revealed dysfunction of the left ventricle and ostial atresia of the left coronary artery. Surgical revascularization-bypass grafts were performed using the left internal mammary artery and saphenous vein graft in the first case and the left internal mammary artery in the second child. Both patients survived surgery and good patency of the grafts was confirmed by coronary angiograms during hospital stay. These cases are interesting because of their rarity and diagnostic and therapeutic difficulties. PMID:18728035

  11. Myasthenia gravis: a careful perioperative anesthetic management of coronary artery bypass grafting.

    PubMed

    Kowalczyk, Micha?; Nestorowicz, Andrzej; Stachurska, Katarzyna; Fija?kowska, Anna; St??ka, Janusz

    2015-06-01

    Nowadays, even hazardous cardiac surgery can be performed on patients with autoimmune diseases like myasthenia gravis. It requires a sensitive perioperative anesthetic approach especially in relation to nondepolarizing muscle relaxant administration. Myasthenic patients produce antibodies against the end-plate acetylcholine receptors causing muscle weakness and sensitivity to nondepolarizing muscle relaxants that could lead to respiratory failure. Perioperative nurse care is critical for uncomplicated course of treatment; therefore, apprehension of surgical procedure should be helpful on an everyday basis. We describe successful management without any pulmonary complications of two patients with myasthenia gravis undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. In addition, antiacetylcholine receptor antibodies concentrations were evaluated during treatment time. In conclusion, we have found that reduced titrated doses of cisatracurium may be safely used in patients with myasthenia gravis undergoing cardiac surgery without anesthesia and respiratory-related complications. PMID:25943997

  12. Routine postoperative care of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting on cardiopulmonary bypass.

    PubMed

    Lighthall, Geoffrey K; Olejniczak, Megan

    2015-06-01

    The postoperative course of a patient undergoing cardiac surgery (CS) is dictated by a largely predictable set of interactions between disease-specific and therapeutic factors. ICU personnel need to quickly develop a detailed understanding of the patient's current status and how critical care resources can be used to promote further recovery and eventual independence from external support. The goal of this article is to describe a typical operative and postoperative course, with emphasis on the latter, and the diagnostic and therapeutic options necessary for the proper care of these patients. This paper will focus on coronary artery bypass grafting as a model for understanding the course of CS patients; however, many of the principles discussed are applicable to most cardiac surgery patients. PMID:25975592

  13. Vertebral artery occlusion with Amplatzer vascular plug 4 to prevent subsequent endoleak in stent-graft treatment of subclavian artery gunshot injury.

    PubMed

    Peynircioglu, Bora; Yurttutan, Nursel; Gulek, Bozkurt; Cil, Barbaros; Yilmaz, Mustafa

    2011-10-01

    Endovascular treatment options have evolved in many ways and become an important alternative for open surgical repairs in various vascular territories. Herein, we present a case of an 18-year-old man with complex injury to the left subclavian artery and vein caused by a gunshot 4 months ago. After the gunshot, a high-flow fistula between the left subclavian artery and the vein occurred with pseudoaneurysm formation. This fistula led to a significant left subclavian steal phenomenon. A stent-graft was deployed along the injured left subclavian artery after embolization of the left vertebral artery by Amplatzer vascular plug 4 (AVP-4) in order to prevent subsequent endoleak due to the subclavian steal syndrome. PMID:21724841

  14. Effect of hypothermia in patients undergoing simultaneous carotid endarterectomy and coronary artery bypass graft surgery

    PubMed Central

    Ozen, Yucel; Aksoy, Eray; Sarikaya, Sabit; Aydin, Ebuzer; Altas, Ozge; Rabus, Murat Bulent; Kirali, Kaan

    2015-01-01

    Summary Purpose We sought to determine whether hypothermia provided any benefit in patients undergoing simultaneous coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) and carotid endarterectomy (CEA) using one of two different surgical strategies. Methods Group 1 patients (n = 34, 88.2% male, mean age 65.94 ± 6.67 years) underwent CEA under moderate hypothermia before cross clamping the aorta, whereas group 2 patients (n = 23, 69.6% male, mean age 65.78 ± 9.29 years) underwent CEA under normothermic conditions before initiating cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Primary outcome of interest was the occurrence of any new neurological event. Results The two groups were similar in terms of baseline characteristics. Permanent impairment occurred in one patient (2.9%) in group 1. One patient from each group (2.9 and 4.3%) had transient neurological events and they recovered completely on the sixth and 11th postoperative days, respectively. Overall, there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups with regard to occurrence of early neurological outcomes (n = 2, 5.8% vs n = 1, 4.3%, p = 0.12). Conclusions This study could not provide evidence regarding benefit of hypothermia in simultaneous operations for carotid and coronary artery disease because of the low occurrence rate of adverse outcomes. The single-stage operation is safe and completion of the CEA before CPB may be considered when short duration of CPB is required. PMID:25629395

  15. Nerve regeneration and elastin formation within poly(glycerol sebacate)-based synthetic arterial grafts one-year post-implantation in a rat model.

    PubMed

    Allen, Robert A; Wu, Wei; Yao, Mingyi; Dutta, Debaditya; Duan, Xinjie; Bachman, Timothy N; Champion, Hunter C; Stolz, Donna B; Robertson, Anne M; Kim, Kang; Isenberg, Jeffrey S; Wang, Yadong

    2014-01-01

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the long-term performance of cell-free vascular grafts made from a fast-degrading elastic polymer. We fabricated small arterial grafts from microporous tubes of poly(glycerol sebacate) (PGS) reinforced with polycaprolactone (PCL) nanofibers on the outer surface. Grafts were interpositioned in rat abdominal aortas and characterized at 1 year post-implant. Grafts remodeled into "neoarteries" (regenerated arteries) with similar gross appearance to native rat aortas. Neoarteries mimic arterial tissue architecture with a confluent endothelium and media and adventita-like layers. Patent vessels (80%) showed no significant stenosis, dilation, or calcification. Neoarteries contain nerves and have the same amount of mature elastin as native arteries. Despite some differences in matrix organization, regenerated arteries had similar dynamic mechanical compliance to native arteries in vivo. Neoarteries responded to vasomotor agents, albeit with different magnitude than native aortas. These data suggest that an elastic vascular graft that resorbs quickly has potential to improve the performance of vascular grafts used in small arteries. This design may also promote constructive remodeling in other soft tissues. PMID:24119457

  16. Clinical significance, angiographic characteristics, and short-term outcomes in 30 patients with early coronary artery graft failure

    PubMed Central

    Virani, S.S.; Alam, M.; Mendoza, C.E.; Arora, H.; Ferreira, A.C.; de Marchena, E.

    2009-01-01

    Background Despite technical advances in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), early postoperative myocardial ischaemia still remains a challenging problem. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence, clinical features, angiographic characteristics, and management of early graft failure in the present CABG era. Methods Between January 1997 and December 2002, 1731 patients underwent CABG at our institution. Coronary angiography was performed in patients with clinical evidence of early postoperative ischaemia (?3 months). Thirty of these patients with graft failure constituted the population of this study. Results Off-pump and on-pump CABG were almost evenly performed in these patients [n=16 (53%) and n=14 (47%) respectively]. Acute myocardial infarction and unstable angina were the leading indications for coronary angiography in the majority of patients [n=28 (93%)]. The most common cause of graft failure was occlusion / thrombosis [n=20 (67%)]. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) was offered to the majority of patients [n=22 (73%)]. Of these patients, 14 underwent PCI to native coronary arteries, whereas eight underwent PCI to the culprit vessel. Three patients underwent reoperation, and five received medical management. Four patients (13%) died in hospital (two after redo CABG, one after unsuccessful PCI, and one patient managed medically). Two patients (7%) had nonfatal major complications (one non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction and one stroke). Conclusion Early graft failure generally presents as acute coronary syndrome. Graft occlusion/ thrombosis is the leading cause of ischaemia. Patients with graft failure can undergo PCI with a relatively low risk, but the need for redo CABG in associated with a high mortality. (Neth Heart J 2009;17:13-7.) PMID:19148333

  17. Assessment of neurocognitive impairment after off-pump and on-pump techniques for coronary artery bypass graft surgery: prospective randomised controlled trial

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vipin Zamvar; David Williams; Nicola Payne; Clare Cann; Karen Young; S Karthikeyan; John Dunne

    2002-01-01

    Objective To assess neurocognitive impairment after the off›pump and on›pump techniques for coronary artery bypass graft surgery in patients with triple vessel disease. Design Randomised controlled trial. Setting University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff. Participants 60 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery for triple vessel disease prospectively randomised to the off›pump or on›pump technique. Main outcome measures Change in scores

  18. Effects of heart rate on phasic Y-graft blood flow and flow reserve in patients with complete arterial myocardial revascularizaton: an intravascular Doppler catheter study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Massimo Lemma; Andrea Mangini; Guido Gelpi; Andrea Innorta; Paolo Danna; Francesco Lavarra; Emanuela Piccaluga; Carlo Antona

    2003-01-01

    Objective: It is not well established whether the blood flow of arterial composite Y-grafts can efficiently respond to the flow demand of the coronary system early postoperatively. The aim of this study was to evaluate if soon after the operation, arterial composite Y-grafts can increase blood flow in response to an increase in myocardial oxygen consumption (MVO2). Methods: Twenty-seven patients

  19. Effects of heart rate on phasic Y-graft blood flow and flow reserve in patients with complete arterial myocardial revascularizaton: an intravascular Doppler catheter studyq

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Massimo Lemma; Andrea Mangini; Guido Gelpi; Andrea Innorta; Paolo Danna; Francesco Lavarra; Emanuela Piccaluga; Carlo Antona

    Objective: It is not well established whether the blood flow of arterial composite Y-grafts can efficiently respond to the flow demand of the coronary system early postoperatively. The aim of this study was to evaluate if soon after the operation, arterial composite Y-grafts can increase blood flow in response to an increase in myocardial oxygen consumption (MVO2). Methods: Twenty-seven patients

  20. Aorto-right atrial fistula secondary to rupture of an occluded old saphenous venous graft to right coronary artery.

    PubMed

    Balestrini, Carlos Sebastian; Saaibi, José Federico; Ortiz, Santiago Navas

    2014-09-01

    We report a case of an acquired aorta-right atrial fistula, secondary to a ruptured proximal anastomosis of an old saphenous vein graft 12 years after a coronary artery bypass surgery, in a 57 year old patient with multiple cardiovascular risk factors. On admission, he presented with congestive heart failure and on examination a continuous murmur was detected on the right parasternal border. Catheterization showed a fistula from the proximal anastomosis of an occluded right coronary artery saphenous vein graft draining to the right atrium with a large left to right shunt. The fistula was successfully occluded by a percutaneous approach with a Life Tech duct occluder with complete resolution of heart failure. The patient was discharged one week afterwards. After a two-year follow-up, the fistula remained occluded. PMID:23404794

  1. Open triple-branched stent graft applied to patient of acute type A aortic dissection with aberrant right subclavian artery.

    PubMed

    Guo, Changfa; Zhu, Kai; Xu, Demin; Wang, Chunsheng

    2013-01-01

    A 57-year-old Chinese male patient presented with Standford type A aortic dissection with an aberrant right subclavian artery (ARSA). At operation, the ascending aorta was replaced by a mono-branch vascular prosthesis with the branch bypassing to the ARSA; the triple-branched stent graft was inserted into the true lumen of the arch and proximal descending aorta (covering the origin of the ARSA) with each sidearm graft being positioned into the aortic branches; and then its proximal end was sutured to mono-branched vascular prosthesis. Follow-up computed tomography angiography showed false lumen of the dissection disappeared with satisfactory position of the triple-branched stent graft. PMID:23587108

  2. Genome-Wide Assessment for Genetic Variants Associated with Ventricular Dysfunction after Primary Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Amanda A. Fox; Mias Pretorius; Kuang-Yu Liu; Charles D. Collard; Tjorvi E. Perry; Stanton K. Shernan; Philip L. de Jager; David A. Hafler; Daniel S. Herman; Steven R. Depalma; Dan M. Roden; Jochen D. Muehlschlegel; Brian S. Donahue; Dawood Darbar; J. G. Seidman; Simon C. Body; Christine E. Seidman; Holger K. Eltzschig

    2011-01-01

    BackgroundPostoperative ventricular dysfunction (VnD) occurs in 9–20% of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgical patients and is associated with increased postoperative morbidity and mortality. Understanding genetic causes of postoperative VnD should enhance patient risk stratification and improve treatment and prevention strategies. We aimed to determine if genetic variants associate with occurrence of in-hospital VnD after CABG surgery.MethodsA genome-wide association study

  3. Peri-Operative Glucose Control in Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery as a Surgical Site Infection Prevention Strategy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Bergstrom; J. Bruch; W. James; M. Bushey; D. Blackhurst

    2004-01-01

    ISSUE: Tight control of blood glucose levels in the peri-operative period appears to lead to fewer surgical site infections (SSI) in diabetic and non-diabetic patients. Individuals undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) at Greenville Memorial Hospital (GMH) were found to have poor glucose control (6.7 percent of baseline had all glucose levels of less than 200 during the 48 hours

  4. Early postoperative outcome and medium-term survival in 540 diabetic and 2239 nondiabetic patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zoltán Szabó; Erik Håkanson; Rolf Svedjeholm

    2002-01-01

    Background. An increasing proportion of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) are diabetics. Patient characteristics, early postoperative outcome, and midterm survival in diabetic patients after CABG were investigated.Methods. A total of 2779 consecutive patients undergoing isolated CABG during 1995 to 1999 were studied, 19.4% of whom had diabetes mellitus. Demographic and peri-procedural data were registered prospectively in a computerized

  5. Embracing the heart: Perioperative management of patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting using the octopus tissue stabilizer

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Arno P. Nierich; Jan Diephuis; Erik W. L. Jansen; Diederik van Dijk; Jaap R. Lahpor; Cornelius Borst; Johannes T. A. Knape

    1999-01-01

    Objective: To describe hemodynamic alterations during coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) without extracorporeal circulation using the Octopus Tissue Stabilizer, and to describe the two anesthetic management protocols based on either general anesthesia with opioids (34 patients) or general anesthesia with high thoracic epidural anesthesia (TEA; 66 patients).Design: A prospective observational report.Setting: An academic university heart center.Participants: First 100 patients undergoing

  6. Local Generation of C-Reactive Protein in Diseased Coronary Artery Venous Bypass Grafts and Normal Vascular Tissue

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wolfram J. Jabs; Elisabeth Theissing; Martin Nitschke; J. F. Matthias Bechtel; Michael Duchrow; Salah Mohamed; Bernhard Jahrbeck; Hans-Hinrich Sievers; Jürgen Steinhoff; Claus Bartels

    2010-01-01

    Background—Venous coronary artery bypass grafts (CABGs) are prone to accelerated atherosclerosis. In atherosclerotic diseases, serum C-reactive protein (CRP) levels have become an important diagnostic and prognostic marker. The origin of CRP in this setting remains to be elucidated. Methods and Results—Monoclonal anti-CRP identified CRP expression in medial and intimal -actin-positive smooth muscle cells (SMCs) of diseased CABGs with type V

  7. Alpha-stat acid-base regulation during cardiopulmonary bypass improves neuropsychologic outcome in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. L. Patel; M. R. Turtle; D. J. Chambers; D. N. James; S. Newman; G. E. Venn

    1996-01-01

    Neuropsychologic impairment in patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass may be associated with cerebral blood flow changes arising from different management protocols for carbon dioxide tension during bypass. Seventy patients having coronary artery bypass grafting were randomized to either pH-stat or alpha-stat acid-base management during cardiopulmonary bypass with a membrane oxygenator. In each patient, cerebral blood flow (xenon 133 clearance), middle cerebral

  8. Improved late survival with arterial revascularization

    PubMed Central

    Schaff, Hartzell V.; Dearani, Joseph A.; Daly, Richard C.

    2013-01-01

    New coronary artery revascularization strategies are developing: improved quantification of coronary artery disease by the SYNTAX score, new-generation drug-eluting stents and increased use of stents for multivessel disease, ongoing evaluation of stents for left main disease, new strategies for minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) including the use of robotic-assisted CABG, hybrid procedures, and off pump CABG. In comparisons of all these strategies, the impact on survival is arguably the most important parameter. It has long been accepted that using the left internal mammary artery (LIMA) to bypass the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) is the gold standard and may confer the survival advantage reported for CABG compared with percutaneous coronary intervention in the literature. The survival advantage of using additional arterial conduits as compared to the conventional use of LIMA with saphenous veins only has long been debated. Our study, which involved a large cohort of 8,622 patients with multivessel disease, followed over a long period of time, has shown that in primary isolated CABG surgery performed more than 15 years ago with the use of LIMA to the LAD, bypassing the non-LAD targets with at least 1 additional arterial graft, either the right internal mammary artery and/or the radial artery, was an independent predictor of increased survival during the following 15 years. The results were confirmed with both a propensity-matched analysis that included 1,153 patients in each group and a multivariate analysis that was able to control for all differences between the groups because of the power of the large cohort in this series. The significant survival advantage of coronary artery bypass surgery with the use of multiple arterial grafting cannot be ignored in patients with multivessel coronary artery disease as various revascularization strategies are considered. PMID:23977624

  9. Assessment of Wall Shear Stress Changes in Arteries and Veins of Arteriovenous Polytetrafluoroethylene Grafts Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging

    SciTech Connect

    Misra, Sanjay, E-mail: Misra.sanjay@mayo.edu; Woodrum, David A. [Mayo Clinic, Department of Radiology (United States); Homburger, Jay [Medical College of Georgia, Department of Vascular Surgery (United States); Elkouri, Stephane [Centre Hospitalier de I'Universite de Montreal, Department of Vascular Surgery (Canada); Mandrekar, Jayawant N. [Mayo Clinic, Division of Biostatistics (United States); Barocas, Victor [University of Minnesota, Department of Biomedical Engineering (United States); Glockner, James F. [Mayo Clinic, Department of Radiology (United States); Rajan, Dheeraj K. [Toronto General Hospital, University Health Network, Department of Medical Imaging, Division of Vascular and Interventional Radiology (Canada); Mukhopadhyay, Debabrata [Mayo Clinic, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (United States)

    2006-08-15

    The purpose of the study was to determine simultaneously the temporal changes in luminal vessel area, blood flow, and wall shear stress (WSS) in both the anastomosed artery (AA) and vein (AV) of arteriovenous polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) grafts. PTFE grafts were placed from the iliac artery to the ipsilateral iliac vein in 12 castrated juvenile male pigs. Contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiograpgy with cine phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging was performed. Luminal vessel area, blood flow, and WSS in the aorta, AA, AV, and inferior vena cava were determined at 3 days (D3), 7 days (D7), and 14 days (D14) after graft placement. Elastin von Gieson staining of the AV was performed. The average WSS of the AA was highest at D3 and then decreased by D7 and D14. In contrast, the average WSS and intima-to-media ratio of the AV increased from D3 to D7 and peaked by D14. Similarly, the average area of the AA was highest by D7 and began to approximate the control artery by D14. The average area of the AV had decreased to its lowest by D7. High blood flows through the AA causes a decrease in average WSS and increase in the average luminal vessel area, whereas at the AV, the average WSS and intima-to-media ratio both increase while the average luminal vessel area decreases.

  10. A comparison of coronary artery bypass grafting and percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty in patients on hemodialysis 1 Presented at the 23rd World Congress of the International Society for Cardiovascular Surgery, September 21–26, London, UK 1

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. A Simsir; D Kohlman-Trigoboff; J Lindsay; B. M Smith

    1998-01-01

    The hospital records of 22 patients on hemodialysis undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting, and 19 others undergoing percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty were reviewed to compare the outcomes of these procedures in this population. Evidence of previous myocardial infarction or triple vessel or left main coronary artery disease was more common in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft than those undergoing

  11. Survival benefit of coronary-artery bypass grafting accounted for deaths in those who remained untreated

    PubMed Central

    Sobolev, Boris G; Fradet, Guy; Hayden, Robert; Kuramoto, Lisa; Levy, Adrian R; FitzGerald, Mark J

    2008-01-01

    Background Currently there are no direct estimates of mortality reduction afforded by coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG) that take into account the deaths among patients for whom coronary revascularization was indicated but who did not undergo the treatment. The objective of this analysis was to compare survival after the treatment decision between patients who underwent CABG and those who remained untreated. Methods We used a population-based registry to identify patients with established coronary artery disease who were to undergo first-time isolated CABG. We measured the effect of surgical revascularization on survival after the treatment decision in two cohorts of patients categorized by symptoms, coronary anatomy, and left ventricular function. Results One in 10 patients died during the five years after treatment decision. The hazard of death among patients who underwent CABG was 51 percent of that for the untreated group, the adjusted hazard ratio was 0.51 (95 percent confidence interval, 0.43 to 0.61). The effect was stronger when CABG was performed within the recommended time: adjusted hazard ratios were 0.43 (95 percent confidence interval, 0.35 to 0.53) and 0.58 (95 percent confidence interval, 0.48 to 0.70) for early and late intervention, respectively; chi-square for the difference between hazard ratios was 12.2 (P < 0.001). Conclusion Estimates that account for patients who died before they could undergo a required CABG indicate a significant survival benefit of performing early surgical revascularization even for patients registered to undergo the operation on the non-urgent basis. PMID:18637196

  12. Do manual assisting maneuvers increase speed and technical performance in robotically sutured coronary bypass graft anastomoses?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Bonatti; J. Alfadlhi; T. Schachner; N. Bonaros; E. Rützler; G. Laufer

    2007-01-01

    Background  Robotic endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting procedures usually are performed as solo surgery operations. This study\\u000a aimed to investigate whether manual assistance can reduce suturing times and anastomotic suturing problems in robotic coronary\\u000a artery surgery.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  In isolated pig hearts, the right coronary artery was excised from the epicardium as a pedicle. This pedicled vessel, which\\u000a resembles the internal mammary artery,

  13. [Giant aneurysm of the right coronary artery: an unusual treatment].

    PubMed

    Rognoni, Andrea; Degiovanni, Anna; Cavallino, Chiara; Lupi, Alessandro; Rosso, Roberta; Veia, Alessia; Rametta, Francesco; Bongo, Angelo Sante

    2015-04-01

    Coronary artery aneurysm (CAA) is an uncommon disease observed in only 0.15-4.9% of patients undergoing coronary angiography. CAA are defined as dilated coronary artery sections exceeding by 1.5 times the diameter of normal adjacent segments or of the patient's largest coronary vessel. Occasionally, CAA enlarge enough to be called giant CAA. We report the case of a 78-year-old man, with known chronic ischemic cardiomyopathy and a history of prior coronary artery bypass surgery (with a left internal mammary artery graft to the left anterior descending coronary artery and saphenous venous graft to the obtuse marginal branch), who was referred to our cardiology department for progressive dyspnea. Echocardiography showed severe mitral regurgitation suggesting replacement; coronary angiography revealed three-vessel coronary artery disease, left internal mammary artery patency, saphenous vein graft occlusion and an aneurysm of the mid right coronary artery. Cardiac magnetic resonance confirmed this finding, showing a giant CAA (65 x 75 mm) with a large endoluminal thrombus. Treatment is not standardized and may include medical therapy, percutaneous treatment and surgical intervention; our patient underwent percutaneous coil embolization. One-month angiographic follow-up showed successful obliteration. The patient underwent surgical mitral valve replacement without any complications. At 9-month clinical follow-up, he was asymptomatic; transthoracic echocardiography showed an ejection fraction of 44% without prosthetic mitral regurgitation. PMID:25959761

  14. A Longitudinal Study of Remodeling in a Revised Peripheral Artery Bypass Graft Using 3D Ultrasound Imaging and Computational Hemodynamics

    PubMed Central

    Leotta, Daniel F.; Beach, Kirk W.; Riley, James J.; Aliseda, Alberto

    2011-01-01

    We report a study of the role of hemodynamic shear stress in the remodeling and failure of a peripheral artery bypass graft. Three separate scans of a femoral to popliteal above-knee bypass graft were taken over the course of a 16 month period following a revision of the graft. The morphology of the lumen is reconstructed from data obtained by a custom 3D ultrasound system. Numerical simulations are performed with the patient-specific geometries and physiologically realistic flow rates. The ultrasound reconstructions reveal two significant areas of remodeling: a stenosis with over 85% reduction in area, which ultimately caused graft failure, and a poststenotic dilatation or widening of the lumen. Likewise, the simulations reveal a complicated hemodynamic environment within the graft. Preliminary comparisons with in vivo velocimetry also showed qualitative agreement with the flow dynamics observed in the simulations. Two distinct flow features are discerned and are hypothesized to directly initiate the observed in vivo remodeling. First, a flow separation occurs at the stenosis. A low shear recirculation region subsequently develops distal to the stenosis. The low shear region is thought to be conducive to smooth muscle cell proliferation and intimal growth. A poststenotic jet issues from the stenosis and subsequently impinges onto the lumen wall. The lumen dilation is thought to be a direct result of the high shear stress and high frequency pressure fluctuations associated with the jet impingement. PMID:21428682

  15. The benefits of cognitive training after a coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

    PubMed

    de Tournay-Jetté, Emilie; Dupuis, Gilles; Denault, André; Cartier, Raymond; Bherer, Louis

    2012-10-01

    Cognitive deficits are frequent after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) in the elderly population. In fact, memory and attention deficits can persist several months after the surgery. Recent studies with healthy older adults have shown that memory and attention can be improved through cognitive training programs. The present study examined whether memory training (method of loci and story generation) and attentional training (dual-task computerized training) could improve cognitive functions in patients aged 65 years and older who underwent CABG surgery. Participants (n = 51) were assigned to one of three groups: (1) control group (tested at 1, 3 and 6 months after the surgery), (2) attention training followed by memory training, (3) memory training followed by attention training (groups 2 and 3: tested at 1, 2, 3 and 6 months after the surgery). The trainings took place between the 6th and 10th week following the surgery. The three groups were compared before and after each training program using attention and memory tests and neuropsychological tests. The results showed that attention and memory trainings lead to significant improvement in the cognitive domain that was trained. It thus seems that cognitive training can be a promising tool to enhance cognitive functions after a CABG surgery. PMID:22068879

  16. How Older Female Spouses Cope with Partners' Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Marnocha, Suzanne; Marnocha, Mark

    2013-01-01

    This research sought to better understand how older female spouses cope with a partner's coronary artery bypass graft surgery and to explore coping's relationships with life-change stress, cognitive appraisal, resilience, social support, and aspects of spouse's surgery. A sample of 96 women, aged from 55 to 81 years, completed surveys after their partner's surgery. Folkman and Lazarus' ways of coping (WCQ) scales yielded two factors in this sample—reactive coping and adaptive coping. Reactive coping, including more emotion-focused ways of coping from the WCQ, was associated only with more time spent anticipating spouses' surgeries. Women described the greatest use of ways of coping labeled adaptive, which in turn had significant relationships with greater resilience, social support, and positive appraisal of the surgical experience. Stepwise multiple regression found greater resilience, more frequent religious participation, and fewer children to be distinct predictors of adaptive coping. Nursing staff are encouraged to accept and normalize reactive coping, while facilitating adaptive coping with surgical stresses. PMID:23634299

  17. Gender differences in quality of life for post coronary artery bypass grafting patients in Taiwan.

    PubMed

    Tung, Heng-Hsin; Wei, Jen; Chang, Chung-Yi

    2007-12-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate gender differences in quality of life for post Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) patients in Taiwan. Cross-sectional survey research design and purposive sampling were used in this study, for which 100 subjects, including 50 males and 50 females, were recruited from a medical center in northern Taiwan. Quality of life was measured by Short Form 36, while gender role function and demographic data were collected using a demographic questionnaire. An Independent t test and one way ANOVA were employed to analyze data. Study results showed significant differences in quality of life between genders. There was a statistically significant difference in the physical component summary score, post-CABG, between males (M=45.5) and females (M=40.1, p< .05), which indicates that men demonstrated higher physical functioning than women. Within this component, the greatest difference between the genders was noted in sub-items related to physical functions. Men and women achieved mean scores of 42.2 and 37.9, respectively (p< .05). For the mental component summary section, sub-items related to vitality also demonstrated statistical significance; with men achieving a mean score of 49.6 and women a mean score of 45.2 (p< .05). Of interest, post-CABG patients who had greater role responsibilities, such as taking care of elderly or doing housework, obtained significantly higher quality of life scores. PMID:18080972

  18. Frequency of myocardial indium-111 antimyosin uptake after uncomplicated coronary artery bypass grafting

    SciTech Connect

    van Vlies, B.; van Royen, E.A.; Visser, C.A.; Meyne, N.G.; van Buul, M.M.; Peters, R.J.; Dunning, A.J. (Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands))

    1990-11-15

    The reported incidence of myocardial damage after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is highly related to the methods used. Since indium-111 monoclonal antimyosin antibody scintigraphy has been shown to be highly specific and sensitive for myocardial necrosis, even in small lesions, uptake of this radiotracer was evaluated after CABG. In 23 consecutive patients without previous myocardial infarction who underwent CABG for stable angina, 80 MBq indium-111 antimyosin was injected on the third postoperative day. Planar images were obtained 48 hours later and analyzed for myocardial uptake of indium-111 antimyosin. Scintigraphic results were related to creatine kinase MB levels, duration of both aortic cross-clamping and cardiopulmonary bypass, and electrocardiographic changes. In all patients surgical procedure and postoperative course was uncomplicated. Indium-111 antimyosin uptake was present in 19 of 23 patients (82%). It was diffused in 7 patients and localized in 12. No pathologic Q waves occurred postoperatively. Fourteen patients exhibited ST-segment changes. No good relation was found among indium-111 antimyosin uptake and creatine kinase MB levels, duration of cross-clamping or bypass, and ST-T changes. It is concluded that some degree of myocardial damage, though silent, is common after CABG.

  19. Effect of gender and race on operative mortality after isolated coronary artery bypass grafting.

    PubMed

    Pollock, Benjamin; Hamman, Baron L; Sass, Danielle M; da Graca, Briget; Grayburn, Paul A; Filardo, Giovanni

    2015-03-01

    Studies examining outcomes after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) by gender and/or race have shown conflicting results. It remains to be determined if, or how, gender and race are independent risk factors for CABG operative mortality. Using all consecutive patients who underwent isolated CABG at Baylor University Medical Center in Dallas, Texas, from January 2004 to October 2011, the risk-adjusted associations between gender and race, respectively, and operative mortality were estimated using a generalized propensity approach, accounting for recognized Society of Thoracic Surgeons risk factors for mortality. Women were nearly 2 times more likely to die during or within 30 days of the operation than men (odds ratio 1.96, 95% confidence interval 1.44 to 2.66, p <0.0001), while no significant mortality differences were observed among races. In conclusion, these findings suggest that women face a significantly greater risk for operative death that should be taken into account during the treatment decision-making process but that race is not associated with CABG mortality and so should not be among the factors considered. PMID:25596952

  20. Coronary artery bypass grafting or percutaneous revascularization in acute myocardial infarction?

    PubMed Central

    Perrier, Stéphanie; Kindo, Michel; Gerelli, Sébastien; Mazzucotelli, Jean-Philippe

    2013-01-01

    A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was as follows: is coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery superior to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in terms of in-hospital mortality and morbidity and long-term outcomes in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI)? A total of 104 papers were returned using the selected search. Of these, six represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The selection criteria were comparative studies with only PCI and CABG groups in patients with acute MI. Case reports, reviews, recommendations and studies on a specific population or out of the context of acute MI were excluded. The authors, journal, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes and results of these papers are tabulated. Almost all PCI patients received stents. One study used drug-eluting stents (DES). Two randomized studies showed similar short- and mid-term morbidities and mortalities in patients with acute MI in the PCI and CABG groups but higher repeat revascularization rates after PCI. Three observational studies found comparable survival, but one of them found more periprocedural events with CABG and the other two found more recurrent ischaemia requiring repeat revascularization in the PCI group. In one cohort study, CABG appeared to be an independent risk factor for death in N-STEMI according to the European Society/American College of Cardiology 2000 definition. The results are strongly influenced by the definition of acute MI. In an institution offering the two techniques with an equivalent accessibility, the principal advantage of PCI is a lower incidence of periprocedural and short-term morbidities. CABG, on the other hand, offers a better durability with less mid-term repeat revascularization required, especially when compared with PCI with DES implantation. Choice had to weight up coronary artery anatomy, number and localization of coronary artery stenosis and accessibility of both PCI and CABG treatments. Medical and surgical discussion within the Heart Team is required to make the best medical decision for each patient. PMID:23962854

  1. Changes in the cardiac muscle electric activity as a result of Coronary Artery Bypass Graft operation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grajek, Magdalena; Krzyminiewski, Ryszard; Kalawski, Ryszard; Kulczak, Mariusz

    2008-01-01

    Many bioelectric signals have a complex internal structure that can be a rich source of information on the tissue or cell processes. The structure of such signals can be analysed in detail by applying digital methods of signal processing. Therefore, of substantial use in diagnosis of the coronary arterial disease is the method of digital enhancement of increasing signal resolution ECG (NURSE-ECG), permitting detection of temporary changes in the electric potentials in the cardiac muscle in the process of depolarisation. Thanks to the application of NURSE-ECG it has become possible to detect relatively small changes in the electric activity of particular fragments of the cardiac muscle undetectable by the standard ECG method, caused by ischemia, the effect of a drug or infarct. The aim of this study was to identify and analyse changes in the electric activity of the cardiac muscle as a result of the Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) operation. In this study the method of NURSE-ECG has been applied in order to identify and analyse changes in the electric activity of the cardiac muscle as a result of the CABG operation. In the study performed in cooperation of the Institute of Physics Adam Mickiewicz University and the Strus Hospital, Cardiac Surgery Ward, 37 patients with advanced coronary arterial disease were asked to participate. The patients were examined prior to the operation, on the day after the operation and two months after the operation and a year after the operation. The ECG recordings were subjected to a numerical procedure of resolution enhancement by a NURSE-ECG program to reveal the tentative changes in the electric potential of the cardiac muscle on its depolarisation. Results of the study have shown that the NURSE ECG method can be applied to monitor changes in the electric activity of the cardiac muscle occurring as a result of CABG operation. One the second day after the operation in the majority of patients (70%) a rapid decrease of the total cardiac muscle activity was observed. The NURSE ECG seems to be a promising supplementary method in medical diagnosis. In particular it can be applied for qualification of patients for CABG operation and for verification of the operation effects.

  2. Collateral blood flow between left coronary artery bypass grafts and chronically occluded right coronary circulation in patients with triple vessel disease. Observations during complete revascularisation of beating hearts

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jean-Philippe Verhoye; Issam Abouliatim; Agnes Drochon; Bertand de Latour; Christophe Leclercq; Alain Leguerrier

    2010-01-01

    Objective: Preoperative measurements of collateral blood flow in patients with triple vessel disease and chronic occlusions of the right coronary artery do not, currently, ascertain the need to revascularise an occluded right coronary artery. We performed direct measurements of flow across left coronary bypass grafts to determine their contributions to collateral blood flow. Methods: Collateral blood flow was scored preoperatively

  3. Collateral blood flow between left coronary artery bypass grafts and chronically occluded right coronary circulation in patients with triple vessel disease. Observations during complete revascularisation of beating hearts

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jean-Philippe Verhoye; Issam Abouliatim; Agnes Drochon; Bertand de Latour; Christophe Leclercq; Alain Leguerrier; Hervé Corbineau

    2007-01-01

    Objective: Preoperative measurements of collateral blood flow in patients with triple vessel disease and chronic occlusions of the right coronary artery do not, currently, ascertain the need to revascularise an occluded right coronary artery. We performed direct measurements of flow across left coronary bypass grafts to determine their contributions to collateral blood flow. Methods: Collateral blood flow was scored preoperatively

  4. AANA journal course: update for nurse anesthetists--anesthetic considerations for minimally invasive direct vision coronary artery bypass grafting.

    PubMed

    Creager, N; Kraska, S; Struebing, V L

    1999-08-01

    A recently developed procedure known as MIDCAB (minimally invasive direct vision coronary artery bypass) offers a select group of patients with coronary artery disease an alternative to coronary artery bypass grafting with cardiopulmonary bypass. Compared with customary coronary artery bypass graft surgery, the MIDCAB procedure has a smaller modified incision, requires less operative time, eliminates the risk of cardiopulmonary bypass, and is, as the name implies, far less invasive. Single or multiple vessels are revascularized while the heart remains warm and beating. Movement of the beating heart is dampened in the area of the targeted bypass vessel with the use of mechanical stabilizers by the surgeon. The heart rate may be pharmacologically slowed by the anesthetist. The combination of slowed heart rate and mechanical tamponade by the stabilizers may lead to profound hemodynamic and ischemic changes that may be poorly tolerated in a patient with multiple vessel disease and concurrent disease processes. Extubation and recovery times are far shorter for MIDCAB procedures, leading to earlier discharge and substantial cost savings. The surgical techniques for cardiac bypass surgery have evolved dramatically during the past few years. It is the unique combination of anesthetic monitoring, quick response to hemodynamic changes, and manipulation of physiologic parameters that makes providing anesthesia for minimally invasive cardiac bypass surgery exceptionally challenging. PMID:10497458

  5. Reconstruction of full-thickness lower eyelid defect using superficial temporal artery island flap combined with auricular cartilage graft.

    PubMed

    Yang, Mei; Zhao, Yanyong

    2015-03-01

    Full-thickness lower eyelid defect is one of common surgical diseases, which may lead to exposure keratopathy, corneal ulceration, and blindness. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of superficial temporal artery island flap combined with auricular cartilage graft on the repair of full-thickness lower eyelid defect.In this study, the reconstructions in 6 patients who had unilateral full-thickness lower eyelid defects due to ocular traumas or surgical resections of malignant tumors were carried out. The island flap of the frontal branch of superficial temporal artery reconstructed the outer layer and the total lower lid was supported with the plane of an auricular cartilage strip, offering a proper contour and physical strength to maintain a normal eyelid height. The follow-up time ranged from 6 to 24 months. No major complications including partial or total flap necrosis, signs of infection, venous congestion, and hematoma were seen in any of the patients, and all cases have been reconstructed well both aesthetically and functionally, showing esthetic eyelid contour, good color, and texture match.Superficial temporal artery island flap combined with auricular cartilage graft is a useful method functionally and cosmetically for the reconstructions of full-thickness lower eyelid defects because of its advantages including rich vascularity based on superficial temporal artery, wide pedicle rotational arc, which could be transferred throughout the face region, good eyelid contour with color and texture match, limited donor-site scar, and minimal postoperative morbidity. PMID:25692897

  6. Two-vessel off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting by left thoracotomy in a complex reoperative case.

    PubMed

    Unai, Shinya; Cook, Gary; Hirose, Hitoshi; Cavarocchi, Nicholas; Entwistle, John

    2014-04-01

    An 83-year-old male with a history of three prior sternotomies, including coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG), presented with unstable angina. Cardiac catheterization showed left main and triple-vessel disease. The saphenous vein graft (SVG) to the right coronary artery was diseased but patent, and the SVG to the left anterior descending artery (LAD) was occluded. Preoperative evaluation showed a heavily calcified ascending aorta and minimum disease on the descending aorta. He successfully underwent a left thoracotomy 2-vessel off-pump CABG using the descending aorta for the proximal anastomosis. The left thoracotomy approach is a useful alternative to avoid complications associated with resternotomy, especially in patients with a hostile chest, although visualization of the target vessels may be limited. PMID:24808445

  7. Predictors of stroke associated with coronary artery bypass grafting in patients with diabetes mellitus and multivessel coronary artery disease.

    PubMed

    Domanski, Michael J; Farkouh, Michael E; Zak, Victor; Feske, Steven; Easton, Donald; Weinberger, Jesse; Hamon, Martial; Escobedo, Jorge; Shrader, Peter; Siami, Flora S; Fuster, Valentin

    2015-05-15

    This study assesses demographic and clinical variables associated with perioperative and late stroke in diabetes mellitus patients after multivessel coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Future Revascularization Evaluation in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus: Optimal Management of Multivessel Disease (FREEDOM) is the largest randomized trial of diabetic patients undergoing multivessel CABG. FREEDOM patients had improved survival free of death, myocardial infarction, or stroke and increased overall survival after CABG compared to percutaneous intervention. However, the stroke rate was greater following CABG than percutaneous intervention. We studied predictors of stroke in CABG-treated patients analyzing separately overall, perioperative (?30 days after surgery), and late (>30 days after surgery) stroke. For long-term outcomes (overall stroke and late stroke), Cox proportional hazards regression was used, accounting for time to event, and logistic regression was used for perioperative stroke. Independent perioperative stroke predictors were previous stroke (odds ratio [OR] 6.96, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.43 to 33.96; p = 0.02), warfarin use (OR 10.26, 95% CI 1.10 to 96.03; p = 0.02), and surgery outside the United States or Canada (OR 9.81, 95% CI 1.28 to 75.40; p = 0.03). Independent late stroke predictors: renal insufficiency (hazard ratio [HR] 3.57, 95% CI 1.01 to 12.64; p = 0.048), baseline low-density lipoprotein ?105 mg/dl (HR 3.28, 95% CI 1.19 to 9.02; p = 0.02), and baseline diastolic blood pressure (each 1 mm Hg increase reduces stroke hazard by 5%; HR 0.95, 95% CI 0.91 to 0.99; p = 0.03). There was no overlap between predictors of perioperative versus late stroke. In conclusion, late post-CABG strokes were associated with well-described risk factors. Nearly half of the strokes were perioperative. Independent risk factors for perioperative stroke: previous stroke, previous warfarin use, and CABG performed outside the United States or Canada. PMID:25824543

  8. How to perform a coronary artery anastomosis in complete endoscopic fashion with robotic assistance.

    PubMed

    Canale, Leonardo Secchin; Bonatti, Johannes

    2014-01-01

    Current technology in robotic surgery allows us to perform myocardial revascularization procedures in a totally endoscopic fashion. We will describe the technique of choice for left internal mammary artery to left anterior descendent artery anastomosis with the use of cardiopulmonary bypass machine. The method is efficient and there is long term follow-up showing similar patency of the graft when compared to conventional methods (when performed through sternotomy). PMID:25714222

  9. Prevalence and correlates of complicated grief in adults who have undergone a coronary artery bypass graft

    PubMed Central

    Ghesquiere, Angela; Shear, M. Katherine; Gesi, Camilla; Kahler, Julie; Belnap, Bea Herbeck; Mazumdar, Sati; He, Fanyin; Rollman, Bruce L.

    2012-01-01

    Background Complicated Grief (CG) is a recently described mental health condition that follows bereavement. CG is often comorbid with depression and may also be associated with poor health outcomes. However, CG has not been studied in depressed medically ill populations. This study examined the prevalence, correlates, and impact of CG in depressed post-coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) patients. Methods A 5-item CG screen was administered to 302 depressed post-CABG patients participating in a comparative effectiveness intervention trial at 7 Pittsburgh-area hospitals from March 2004 to September 2007. Eligible patients were randomly assigned to either a telephone-delivered collaborative care intervention for depression or their primary care physicians’ usual care. Measures examined depression, physical and mental health-related quality of life, and physical functioning over 8 months. Results Compared to CG screen-negative patients, CG screen-positive patients were younger, more likely to: be female, non-White, have lost a partner or child, and to have used tobacco or antidepressants. At baseline, they had significantly higher depression and lower mental health scores. At 8 months, screen-positives had poorer physical functioning and marginally higher depression scores. Limitations The study lacked a definitive measure of CG. Moreover, the CG-positive group was relatively small, reducing the power to detect differences between groups or control for the possible influence of other variables on identified results. Conclusions CG in depressed post-CABG patients is associated with negative health and mental health outcomes. These results underscore the importance of identifying and treating CG in depressed medically ill populations. PMID:22209126

  10. Unsteady near wall residence times and shear exposure in model distal arterial bypass grafts.

    PubMed

    Sherwin, S J; Doorly, D J; Franke, P; Peiró, J

    2002-01-01

    Building on previous studies of unsteady flow within model distal bypass grafts we analyse the near wall residence times and shear exposure in a 45 degrees anastomosis under symmetrical and symmetry breaking geometric configurations. We define residence time as the minimum time for a particle to exit a spherical region and shear exposure as a temporal integral of the Huber-Henky-von-Mises criterion along a particle path over a fixed time interval. Decomposing the pulsatile cycle into four equal intervals we find that the interval of peak residence time in the host vessel is from mid-deceleration to peak diastole and peak diastole to mid-acceleration. The asymmetric model is shown to have a significantly lower residence time during these intervals. Considering the shear exposure prior to the residence time evaluation we determine that a higher average shear exposure exists in the asymmetric model associated with the upstream geometry modification. Analysis of the regions of high residence time and shear exposure suggests that the "toe" region and the interface between the "heel" and bulk flow are more significant than the bed and heel region. Although the asymmetric model considered in this study reduces residence times in the host artery, the product of the measure of shear exposure and residence time is not found to be preferable. If shear exposure were to be considered as an important factor in particle activation, the findings imply that for junction optimisation, greater consideration needs to be given both to the local junction asymmetry and upstream influence on the shear history. PMID:12122254

  11. Antioxidant supplementation attenuates oxidative stress in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

    PubMed

    Stanger, Olaf; Aigner, Irene; Schimetta, Wolfgang; Wonisch, Willibald

    2014-01-01

    Ischemia-reperfusion has been reported to be associated with augmented oxidative stress in the course of surgery, which might be causally involved in the onset of atrial fibrillation (AF), the most common arrhythmia after cardiac surgery. We hypothesized that supplementation of antioxidants and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) might lower the incidence of AF following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. In the present study, by monitoring oxidative stress in the course of CABG surgery, we analyzed the efficacy of vitamins (ascorbic acid and ?-tocopherol) and/or n-3 PUFAs (eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid). Subjects (n = 75) were divided into 4 subgroups: control, vitamins, n-3 PUFAs, and a combination of vitamins and n-3 PUFAs. Fluorescent techniques were used to measure the antioxidative capacity, i.e. ability to inhibit oxidation. Total peroxides, endogenous peroxidase activity, and antibodies against oxidized LDL (oLAb) were used as serum oxidative stress biomarkers. Post-operative increase in oxidative stress was associated with the consumption of antioxidants and a simultaneous onset of AF. This was confirmed through an increased peroxide level and a decreased oLAb titer in control and n-3 PUFAs groups, indicating the binding of antibodies to oxidative modified epitopes. In both subgroups that were supplemented with vitamins, total peroxides decreased, and the maintenance of a constant IgG antibody titer was facilitated. However, treatment with vitamins or n-3 PUFAs was inefficient with respect to AF onset and its duration. We conclude that the administration of vitamins attenuates post-operative oxidative stress in the course of CABG surgery. PMID:24573122

  12. Coronary artery bypass grafting in the octogenarians: should we intervene, or leave them be?

    PubMed Central

    Ozen, Anil; Unal, Ertekin Utku; Songur, Murat; Kocabeyoglu, Sinan Sabit; Hanedan, Onur; Yilmaz, Metin; Turkcan, Basak Soran; Cicekcioglu, Ferit; Kaplan, Sadi; Birincioglu, Cemal Levent

    2015-01-01

    Objective Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is gradually increasing in the elderly population. We aimed to investigate the risk factors and the results of CABG along with the long term survival in patients at an age of 80 and older. Methods Between January 2002 and December 2011, a total of 101 consecutive patients at an age of 80 and older who underwent CABG in our hospital were included in the study. The patients were followed and the long-term survival was estimated. Results The mean age of the patients was 82.98 ± 2.27 years. Sixty-four (63.4%) were males and 37 (36.6%) were females. Emergency surgery, duration of cardiopulmonary bypass, the intensive care unit (ICU) stay, inotropic support, intra aortic balloon pulsation application, amount of erythrocyte transfusion and fresh frozen plasma transfusion and ventilation period were significantly higher in the patients who died in the hospital. The duration of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) was found to be an independent predictor of mortality (OR: 1.18, 95% CI 1.01?1.38, P = 0.034). The in-hospital mortality was 16.8%. Kaplan-Meier analyses revealed a survival ratio of 91.3% at one year, 82.9% at three years and 69.0% at five years. Conclusions Patients at the age of 80 and older can be candidates for the CABG procedure bearing in mind that they may have a longer ventilation period and intensive care unit stay. The morbidity and mortality of this age group is considered within an acceptable range. Approaches to minimize CPB, or the choice of off-pump surgery, may be a preventive method to lower the incidence of mortality. Hence, CABG may be performed in this age group with a satisfactory survival ratio. PMID:25870618

  13. The improving outcomes of coronary artery bypass graft surgery in Ontario, 1981 to 1995

    PubMed Central

    Tu, J V; Wu, K

    1998-01-01

    BACKGROUND: There is continuing uncertainty over the relative contribution of outcomes monitoring to changes in surgical outcomes over time. The authors studied temporal trends in the clinical characteristics and short-term outcomes of patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in Ontario before and after the implementation, in 1993, of a province-wide program to provide feedback on cardiac surgery outcomes. METHODS: The authors analysed data from hospital discharge abstracts on the clinical characteristics and in-hospital death rates of all 67,784 patients who underwent isolated CABG in Ontario between Apr. 1, 1981, and Mar. 31, 1996. RESULTS: Death rates were relatively stable during the first half of the 1980s, then declined gradually in the second half of the decade; this decline continued into the first half of the 1990s. In the 1990s patients were older than those in the 1980s, and a higher proportion had coexisting diseases. Between 1986/87 and 1995/96 the unadjusted death rate decreased by 52% (5.0% v. 2.4%) (p < 0.001). The annual relative rate of decline was approximately 6% (95% confidence interval 5% to 7%) in the period before the outcomes feedback program was implemented and about 9% (95% confidence interval 7% to 11%) in the period after implementation. INTERPRETATION: Rates of death after CABG have been declining steadily in Ontario since the mid-1980s. Outcomes-based quality improvement interventions may facilitate; but are not a prerequisite for, improvements in the quality of surgical care. PMID:9724975

  14. Evaluation of taste sensitivity in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

    PubMed

    Keith, Mary; Mokbel, Rose; San Emeterio, Mario; Song, Jacquelin; Errett, Lee

    2010-07-01

    Patients report changes in their perception of food tastes following cardiac surgery. This study was designed to explore changes in taste sensitivity following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Detection and recognition thresholds for sweet (sucrose), salty (sodium chloride), sour (citric acid), and bitter (quinine hydrochloride) were determined using the multiple forced-choice ascending concentration series method at baseline (presurgical), discharge, 5 weeks, and 16 weeks post-CABG. Demographic and gastrointestinal data were also obtained. Mixed-model analyses for repeated measures were performed using the baseline scores as reference. Thirty-three patients (mean age=61.8+/-8 years), consented to participate in the study between January 2003 and January 2006, with 13 completing all visits. Detection and recognition thresholds for sweet were significantly lower at discharge compared with baseline (1.7+/-1.2 vs 2.43+/-1.4 and 5.1+/-1.8 vs 5.5+/-1.3, respectively; P<0.05). This difference remained significant 4 months after surgery. Detection and recognition thresholds for salt also declined with time, with significant differences at 4 months post-surgery (2.3+/-2.0 vs 1.8+/-1.5; P<0.001 and 5.3+/-1.3 vs 4.2+/-2.2; P<0.05, respectively). The same trends were noted for the detection of sour and the recognition of bitter. Patients undergoing CABG demonstrated stable or improved taste sensitivity during the recovery period. Further studies aimed at clarifying the relationships between the biological state, taste sensitivity, reported taste changes, and food intake will help to clarify the clinical impact of taste changes and subsequently to guide clinical nutrition care. PMID:20630165

  15. Impact of occult renal impairment on early and late outcomes following coronary artery bypass grafting

    PubMed Central

    Marui, Akira; Okabayashi, Hitoshi; Komiya, Tatsuhiko; Tanaka, Shiro; Furukawa, Yutaka; Kita, Toru; Kimura, Takeshi; Sakata, Ryuzo

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVES High serum creatinine is considered an independent risk factor for poor outcomes following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). However, the impact of occult renal impairment (ORI), defined as an impaired glomerular filtration rate (GFR) with a normal serum creatinine (SCr) level, remains unclear. Thus, we sought to investigate the impact of ORI on outcomes after CABG. METHODS Among patients undergoing their first percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or CABG enrolled in the CREDO-Kyoto Registry (a registry of first-time PCI and CABG patients in Japan), 1842 patients with normal SCr levels undergoing CABG were enrolled in the study. Patients were divided into two groups based on preoperative estimated GFR calculated by the Cockcroft–Gault equation: 1339 patients with estimated GFR of ?60 ml/min/1.73 m2 (normal group) and 503 with estimated GFR of <60 ml/min/1.73 m2 (ORI group). RESULTS Preoperative estimated GFR differed between the groups (51.3 ± 6.6 vs 85.8 ± 23.0 ml/min/1.73 m2, P < 0.01). ORI was associated with high in-hospital mortality (3.2 vs 1.0%, P < 0.01) and need for dialysis (2.0 vs 0.2%, P < 0.01). In terms of long-term outcomes, ORI was associated with high mortality compared with the normal (hazard ratio [95% confidence interval]: 1.72 [1.16–2.54], P < 0.01) and high incidence of composite cardiovascular events (death, stroke or myocardial infarction: 1.53 [1.16–2.02], P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS ORI was an independent risk factor for early and late death as well as cardiovascular events in patients undergoing CABG with normal SCr levels. A more accurate evaluation of renal function through a combination of SCr and estimated GFR is needed in patients with normal SCr levels. PMID:23793709

  16. Insurance type and choice of hospital for coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

    PubMed Central

    Chernew, M; Scanlon, D; Hayward, R

    1998-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of insurance type on the relationship between hospital attributes and patient flows, with particular attention to whether HMO enrollees are more or less likely than other patients to receive care at high-quality hospitals and whether HMO enrollees travel farther to receive care. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Data on patient flows, taken from discharge abstracts compiled by the California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development. Our sample consists of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) in 1991 who resided in three California markets. Only patients under the age of 65 and insured by HMOs, Blue Cross/Blue Shield, or other commercial insurance were included. Hospital quality is based on hospital-specific measures of excess mortality from CABG. Other hospital attributes were taken from American Hospital Association survey data. STUDY DESIGN: Conditional-choice models were used to estimate the probability that patients would receive care at any given hospital as a function of their insurance type and the hospital's attributes. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Patients were more likely to receive care from hospitals closer to their residence. However, HMO patient flows were less sensitive to proximity. In general, the likelihood that an HMO enrollee received care at a given hospital was positively related to hospital quality. Moreover, quality had a greater effect on patient flows for HMO enrollees than for non-HMO enrollees. However, the evidence suggests that the effect of quality on patient flows is neither uniform across markets nor across HMOs. CONCLUSIONS: HMOs do not appear to direct patients to low-quality hospitals. However, heterogeneity among HMOs and across markets suggests that buyers must recognize that choosing an HMO involves greater scrutiny than simply picking a plan labeled "HMO." PMID:9685117

  17. Trends in coronary artery bypass grafting in Ontario from 1981 to 1989.

    PubMed Central

    Ugnat, A M; Naylor, C D

    1993-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To determine the trends in overall and age-specific rates of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in Ontario from 1981 to 1989 and to assess whether relative resource scarcity, as manifested in waiting lists, resulted in obvious age-related or sex-related changes in utilization. DESIGN: Computerized compilation of hospital discharge abstracts from the Hospital Medical Records Institute. All separations for every other year from Apr. 1, 1981, to Mar. 31, 1990, were included. Procedures rather than patients were the unit of analysis (repeat procedures were double-counted if associated with separate hospital admissions). SETTING: Ontario acute care hospitals offering CABG. PATIENTS: People aged 20 years and over who underwent one or more CABG procedures. RESULTS: The overall rate of CABG increased by 31% in the study period, plateauing only between 1983 and 1985. By 1989-90 the rate was 66.03 per 100,000. The highest annual increase in the rate was among people aged 65 to 74 years, at 17.61 procedures per 100,000, as compared with 4.64 per 100,000 among people 75 years and over. In 1989-90 those aged 65 and over represented 37% of the total caseload. The overall male:female ratio did not change significantly throughout the study period. CONCLUSIONS: Since the CABG utilization rate continues to increase in Ontario, recent waiting lists must be due to a disproportionate growth in demand. There was no convincing evidence of age-related or sex-related discrimination in allocating this limited resource. Supply-demand mismatch was driven above all by the continued increase in CABG use among elderly people. PMID:8431818

  18. Endothelial Injury Associated with Cold or Warm Blood Cardioplegia during Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Kuhn, Elmar W.; Choi, Yeong-Hoon; Pyun, Jung-Min; Neef, Klaus; Liakopoulos, Oliver J.; Stamm, Christof; Wittwer, Thorsten; Wahlers, Thorsten

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this investigation was to analyze the impact of intermittent cold blood cardioplegia (ICC) and intermittent warm blood cardioplegia (IWC) on endothelial injury in patients referred to elective on-pump coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Patients undergoing CABG procedures were randomized to either ICC or IWC. Myocardial injury was assessed by CK-MB and cardiac troponin T (cTnT). Endothelial injury was quantified by circulating endothelial cells (CECs), von Willebrand factor (vWF), and soluble thrombomodulin (sTM). Perioperative myocardial injury (PMI) and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) were recorded. Demographic data and preoperative risk profile of included patients (ICC: n = 32, IWC: n = 36) were comparable. No deaths, PMI, or MACE were observed. Levels of CK-MB and cTnT did not show intergroup differences. Concentrations of CECs peaked at 6?h postoperatively with significantly higher values for IWC-patients at 1?h (ICC: 10.1 ± 3.9/mL; IWC: 18.4 ± 4.1/mL; P = 0.012) and 6?h (ICC: 19.3 ± 6.2/mL; IWC: 29.2 ± 6.7/mL; P < 0.001). Concentrations of vWF (ICC: 178.4 ± 73.2?U/dL; IWC: 258.2 ± 89.7?U/dL; P < 0.001) and sTM (ICC: 3.2 ± 2.1?ng/mL; IWC: 5.2 ± 2.4?ng/mL; P = 0.011) were significantly elevated in IWC-group at 1?h postoperatively. This study shows that the use of IWC is associated with a higher extent of endothelial injury compared to ICC without differences in clinical endpoints.

  19. Prognostic value of paraoxonase 1 in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting surgery

    PubMed Central

    Wysocka, Anna; Cybulski, Marek; Berbe?, Henryk; Wysoki?ski, Andrzej; St??ka, Janusz; Zapolski, Tomasz

    2014-01-01

    Background The aim of this study was to evaluate whether –108C/T polymorphism of the paraoxonase 1 (PON1) gene and the plasma enzyme activity are risk factors for adverse cardiac events after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Material/Methods Seventy-one patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) undergoing CABG were enrolled in the study. Genomic DNA was extracted from the venous blood using the Gen Elute™ Blood Genomic DNA kit (Sigma) according to the manufacturer’s instructions. PON1 activity was measured in 50 mM glycine/NaOH buffer (pH 10.5) containing 1.0 mM paraoxon, and 1.0mM CaCl2. Results The mean PON1 activity toward paraoxon and toward phenyl acetate was equal (166.5±86.9 U/ml and 96.0±47.2 U/ml, respectively) in patients with CHD. The –108C/T polymorphism of PON1 gene was tested. In CABG patients, PON1 activities in dependence on genotypes were significantly different and equalled 266.2±117.9 U/ml for CC, 178.8±64.7 U/ml for CT, and 98.9±59.2 U/ml for TT genotype. Patients with PON1 activity lower than 193.5 U/ml exhibited significantly increased risk of a serious cardiac event in comparison with patients with PON1 activity higher or equal to this value (p=0.03). Additionally, TT genotype was significantly associated with shorter time of event-free survival in comparison with CT and CC genotypes (p=0.009). Conclusions The PON1 polymorphism and enzyme plasma activity are associated with CHD occurrence. High PON1 activity connected with the presence of CC and CT genotypes decreases the recurrence of symptoms of coronary heart disease and improve prognosis after CABG. PMID:24721823

  20. Coronary artery bypass grafting in Canada: What is its rate of use? Which rate is right?

    PubMed Central

    Naylor, C D; Ugnat, A M; Weinkauf, D; Anderson, G M; Wielgosz, A

    1992-01-01

    We reviewed recent reports from administrative databases and clinical registries addressing the utilization of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in Canada. The Canadian CABG rate per 100,000 people increased from 31.1 to 43.2 between 1981-82 and 1986-87. Between 1981 and 1986 the rate in the United States increased from 69.9 to 95.3 per 100,000, consistently about two times the Canadian rate. Provincial data have shown particular growth in utilization among elderly people. However, in the United States the 1985 CABG rate was twice as high as the aggregated age-specific rates for Ontario and Manitoba among people 65 to 74 years of age and four times higher among those 75 years or more. Limited registry data suggest that the Canadian CABG case mix is similar to the case mix in major US centres and that, utilization growth notwithstanding, the procedure is largely applied to patients who should, in theory, benefit (i.e., those with severe angina, impaired left ventricular function and left main-stem or triple-vessel disease). However, chart audits and registry evaluations using explicit criteria are needed to compare the use of CABG in Canada and the United States. In addition, Canadian data show moderate regional and municipal variations, the 1986-87 rates per 100,000 population in major census metropolitan areas varying from 19.5 to 46.9. Areas with consistently low rates raise particular concerns about impaired access to CABG. Reasons for variations should therefore be a research priority. PMID:1544075

  1. Relatively increased von Willebrand factor activity after off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

    PubMed

    Lo, Bernard; Nierich, Arno P; Kalkman, Cor J; Fijnheer, Rob

    2007-01-01

    High shear forces can induce structural changes in the shape of the von Willebrand factor (VWF) molecule, making it more sensitive for ADAMTS-13, a specific VWF protease. This leads to proteolysis of the highest-molecular-weight multimers, which are the most effective in platelet-mediated hemostasis under conditions of high shear stress. The use of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is accompanied with high shear forces and could therefore lead to diminished VWF activity. Therefore, we studied VWF activity in patients undergoing myocardial revascularization. We enrolled 60 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery with and without CPB (30 in each group). ADAMTS-13 activity, VWF antigen (VWF:Ag) and propeptide levels were measured directly before and after the procedure. VWF activity was determined using both the ristocetin cofactor activity (VWF:Rcof) and collagen binding (VWF:CB) assays. VWF:Rcof and VWF:CB, both corrected for VWF:Ag, were significantly increased after the procedure in the off-pump group (p < 0.001 and p = 0.05, respectively), but not in the CPB group. Postoperative VWF:Ag and VWF-propeptide levels significantly increased in both groups. ADAMTS-13 activity increased after both types of surgery after correction for hemodilution. Postoperative VWF:Rcof levels correlated with postoperative D-dimer levels (p = 0.025) and were associated with early cognitive decline in the off-pump group (p = 0.025). Our data indicate that VWF activity is increased after off-pump CABG, but not after CABG with CPB. Since release of VWF is comparable in both groups, shear stress-induced proteolysis due to the use of CPB may be responsible for the decreased VWF activity. PMID:17200766

  2. Blood outgrowth endothelial cells alter remodeling of completely biological engineered grafts implanted into the sheep femoral artery.

    PubMed

    Meier, Lee A; Syedain, Zeeshan H; Lahti, Matthew T; Johnson, Sandra S; Chen, Minna H; Hebbel, Robert P; Tranquillo, Robert T

    2014-03-01

    Hemocompatibility of tissue-engineered vascular grafts remains a major hurdle to clinical utility for small-diameter grafts. Here we assessed the feasibility of using autologous blood outgrowth endothelial cells to create an endothelium via lumenal seeding on completely biological, decellularized engineered allografts prior to implantation in the sheep femoral artery. The 4-mm-diameter, 2- to 3-cm-long grafts were fabricated from fibrin gel remodeled into an aligned tissue tube in vitro by ovine dermal fibroblasts prior to decellularization. Decellularized grafts pre-seeded with blood outgrowth endothelial cells (n = 3) retained unprecedented (>95 %) monolayer coverage 1 h post-implantation and had greater endothelial coverage, smaller wall thickness, and more basement membrane after 9-week implantation, including a final week without anti-coagulation therapy, compared with contralateral non-seeded controls. These results support the use of autologous blood outgrowth endothelial cells as a viable source of endothelial cells for creating an endothelium with biological function on decellularized engineered allografts made from fibroblast-remodeled fibrin. PMID:24429838

  3. Blood Outgrowth Endothelial Cells Alter Remodeling of Completely Biological Engineered Grafts Implanted into the Sheep Femoral Artery

    PubMed Central

    Meier, Lee A.; Syedain, Zeeshan H.; Lahti, Matthew T.; Johnson, Sandra S.; Chen, Minna H.; Hebbel, Robert P.

    2014-01-01

    Hemocompatibility of tissue-engineered vascular grafts remains a major hurdle to clinical utility for small-diameter grafts. Here we assessed the feasibility of using autologous blood outgrowth endothelial cells to create an endothelium via lumenal seeding on completely biological, decellularized engineered allografts prior to implantation in the sheep femoral artery. The 4-mm-diameter, 2- to 3-cm-long grafts were fabricated from fibrin gel remodeled into an aligned tissue tube in vitro by ovine dermal fibroblasts prior to decellularization. Decellularized grafts pre-seeded with blood outgrowth endothelial cells (n=3) retained unprecedented (>95 %) monolayer coverage 1 h post-implantation and had greater endothelial coverage, smaller wall thickness, and more basement membrane after 9-week implantation, including a final week without anti-coagulation therapy, compared with contralateral non-seeded controls. These results support the use of autologous blood outgrowth endothelial cells as a viable source of endothelial cells for creating an endothelium with biological function on decellularized engineered allografts made from fibroblast-remodeled fibrin. PMID:24429838

  4. Outcomes of Off-Pump Coronary Bypass Grafting with the Bilateral Internal Thoracic Artery for Left Ventricular Dysfunction

    PubMed Central

    Chung, Suryeun; Jeong, Dong Seop; Lee, Jaejin; Lee, Young Tak

    2014-01-01

    This study evaluated the outcomes of off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB) with severe left ventricular dysfunction using composite bilateral internal thoracic artery grafting. From January 2001 to December 2008, 1,842 patients underwent primary isolated OPCAB with composite bilateral internal thoracic artery grafting. A total of 131 of these patients were diagnosed with a severely depressed preoperative left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF) (?0.35). These patient outcomes were compared with the outcomes of 830 patients that had mildly or moderately depressed LVEF (0.36 to 0.59) and 881 patients with normal LVEF (>0.6). The early mortality for patients with severe LVEF was 2.3%. The 3-yr and 7-yr survival rate for patients with severe LV dysfunction was 86.0% and 82.8%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that severe LV dysfunction EF increased the risk of all-cause death (P=0.012; hazard ratio [HR],2.14; 95% confidence interval [CI],1.19-3.88) and the risk of cardiac-related death (P=0.008; HR,3.38; 95% CI, 1.37-8.341). The study identified positive surgical outcomes of OPCAB, although severe LVEF was associated with two-fold increase in mortality risk compared with patients who had normal LVEF. PMID:24431908

  5. Histological assessment of the palatal mucosa and greater palatine artery with reference to subepithelial connective tissue grafting

    PubMed Central

    Cho, Kwang-Hee; Yu, Sun-Kyoung; Lee, Myoung-Hwa; Lee, Dong-Seol

    2013-01-01

    This study aimed to measure the thickness of the epithelium and lamina propria of the palatal mucosa and to elucidate the location of the greater palatine artery to provide the anatomical basis for subepithelial connective tissue grafting. Thirty-two maxillary specimens, taken from the canine distal area to the first molar distal area, were embedded in paraffin and stained with hematoxylin-eosin. The thickness of the epithelium and lamina propria of the palatal mucosa was measured at three positions on these specimens, starting from 3 mm below the alveolar crest and in 3-mm intervals. The location of the greater palatine artery was evaluated by using image-processing software. The mean epithelial thickness decreased significantly in the posterior teeth; it was 0.41, 0.36, 0.32, and 0.30 mm in the canine, first premolar, second premolar, and first molar distal areas, respectively. The lamina propria was significantly thicker in the canine distal; it was 1.36, 1.08, 1.09, and 1.05 mm, respectively. The mean length from the alveolar crest to the greater palatine artery increased toward the posterior molar; it was 7.76, 9.21, 10.93, and 11.28 mm, respectively. The mean depth from the surface of the palatal mucosa to the greater palatine artery decreased from the canine distal to the first premolar distal but increased again toward the posterior molar; it was 3.97, 3.09, 3.58, and 5.50 mm, respectively. Detailed histological assessments of the lamina propria of the palatal mucosa and the greater palatine artery are expected to provide useful anatomical guidelines for subepithelial connective tissue grafting. PMID:24179691

  6. Mortality risk is dose-dependent on the number of packed red blood cell transfused after coronary artery bypass graft

    PubMed Central

    dos Santos, Antônio Alceu; Sousa, Alexandre Gonçalves; Piotto, Raquel Ferrari; Pedroso, Juan Carlos Montano

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Transfusions of one or more packed red blood cells is a widely strategy used in cardiac surgery, even after several evidences of increased morbidity and mortality. The world's blood shortage is also already evident. Objective To assess whether the risk of mortality is dose-de>pendent on the number of packed red blood cells transfused after coronary artery bypass graft. Methods Between June 2009 and July 2010, were analyzed 3010 patients: transfused and non-transfused. Transfused patients were divided into six groups according to the number of packed red blood cells received: one, two, three, four, five, six or more units, then we assess the mortality risk in each group after a year of coronary artery bypass graft. To calculate the odds ratio was used the multivariate logistic regression model. Results The increasing number of allogeneic packed red blood cells transfused results in an increasing risk of mortality, highlighting a dose-dependent relation. The odds ratio values increase with the increased number of packed red blood cells transfused. The death's gross odds ratio was 1.42 (P=0.165), 1.94 (P=0.005), 4.17; 4.22, 8.70, 33.33 (P<0.001) and the adjusted death's odds ratio was 1.22 (P=0.43), 1.52 (P=0.08); 2.85; 2.86; 4.91 and 17.61 (P<0.001), as they received one, two, three, four, five, six or more packed red blood cells, respectively. Conclusion The mortality risk is directly proportional to the number of packed red blood cells transfused in coronary artery bypass graft. The greater the amount of allogeneic blood transfused the greater the risk of mortality. The current transfusion practice needs to be reevaluated. PMID:24598957

  7. Impact of cardiopulmonary bypass on acute kidney injury following coronary artery bypass grafting: a matched pair analysis

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Postoperative Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is a common complication associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is accepted to contribute to the occurrence of AKI and is of particular importance as it can be avoided by using the off-pump technique. However the renoprotective properties of off-pump (CABG) are controversial. This analysis evaluates the impact of cardiopulmonary bypass on renal function. Methods A matched-pair analysis of 1428 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting was conducted. The patients were stratified according to their preoperative renal function and to risk factors for postoperative AKI. The development of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) from before surgery until hospital discharge was analyzed. Incidence of AKI were analyzed. Furthermore the impact of CPB duration on postoperative GFR was assessed. Results The occurrence of AKI increases the risk of thirty-day mortality (odds ratio of 4.3). The postoperative GFR decreases significantly after coronary artery bypass grafting but does not differ between onpump and offpump CABG (60.2?±?24.5 vs 60.7?±?24.8; p?=?0.54). No difference regarding the incidence (26.6% vs 25%) and severity of AKI between cardiopulmonary bypass and the off-pump technique could be found. Duration of cardiopulmonary bypass does not correlate with the decline in postoperative glomerular filtration rate (Pearson Product Moment Correlation; p?>?0.050). Conclusion Neither the mere use nor duration of cardiopulmonary bypass proofed to be a risk factor for developing postoperative AKI in CABG patients with a comparable preoperative risk profile for postoperative renal dysfunction. Furthermore, the severity of postoperative AKI is not affected by the use of cardiopulmonary bypass. PMID:24438155

  8. Vascularized Bone Graft Pedicled on the Volar Carpal Artery for Non-Union of the Scaphoid

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. N. KUHLMANN; M. MIMOUN; A. BOABIGHI; S. BAUX

    1987-01-01

    A bone graft, taken from the medial part of the radial epiphysis can be pedicled on the radial branch of the volar carpal arch, freed back to its origin. The graft can be transferred into the proximal row of the carpus to fill up a loss of bony substance or to provide vascularised bone.This permits the treatment of chronic pseud-arthrosis

  9. Renal artery rupture secondary to pretransplantation Candida contamination of the graft in two different recipients

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jesus Calviño; Rafael Romero; Elena Pintos; Daniel Novoa; Javier Mardaras; Victor Arcocha; Xose M. Lens; Domingo Sanchez-Guisande

    1999-01-01

    Infected graft transplantation is an unwelcome complication that may lead to serious consequences in the immunosuppressed host. It can be caused by infection of the donor or by contamination of the organ during harvest, preservation and handling, or at transplantation. With current donor evaluation protocols, the risk of transmitting infections by exogenous contaminated grafts seems to be more frequent than

  10. Accuracy of serial myocardial perfusion scintigraphy with /sup 201/Tl for prediction of graft patency early and late after coronary artery bypass surgery. A controlled prospective study

    SciTech Connect

    Pfisterer, M.; Emmenegger, H.; Schmitt, H.E.; Mueller-Brand, J.; Hasse, J.; Graedel, E.; Laver, M.B.; Burckhardt, D.; Burkart, F.

    1982-11-01

    To assess the accuracy of serial myocardial perfusion scintigraphy with /sup 201/Tl to predict graft patency early and late coronary artery bypass surgery, rest and exercise /sup 201/Tl and coronary arteriography were performed preoperatively and 2 weeks and 1 year after operation. The scintigraphic results were compared with graft patency, symptoms, left ventricular function and physical work capacity in a consecutive series of 55 patients with a total of 154 grafts. Serial /sup 201/Tl had an 80% sensitivity, 88% specificity and 86% overall accuracy in detecting or excluding graft occlusion, which was predicted by reversible ischemia as well as persistent new scar segments. Occluded grafts were correctly localized by /sup 201/Tl scintigraphy in 61%. Postoperative apical /sup 201/Tl defects were frequent (two-thirds of cases), and were the result of intraoperative transapical venting of the left ventricle. After coronary bypass graft surgery, ejection fraction at rest was unchanged. Left ventricular end-diastolic pressure and physical work capacity improved significantly. In the presence of new perfusion defects detected postoperatively, physical work capacity was reduced significantly. New /sup 201/Tl defects in addition to typical or atypical angina provided a high probability of graft occlusion, while in the absence of new /sup 201/Tl defects all grafts were patent in more than 90% of patients, all of whom had no or only atypical chest pain. We conclude that serial /sup 201/Tl imaging after coronary artery bypass surgery is an accurate noninvasive method that can be used routinely to assess graft function, to localize spatially occluded grafts and to identify patients with a high likelihood of graft occlusion who may need invasive studies.

  11. Efficacy of coronary artery bypass surgery with gastroepiploic artery. Assessment with thallium 201 myocardial scintigraphy

    SciTech Connect

    Kusukawa, J.; Hirota, Y.; Kawamura, K.; Suma, H.; Takeuchi, A.; Adachi, I.; Akagi, H. (Osaka Medical College, Takatsuki (Japan))

    1989-09-01

    This study describes the efficacy of the right gastroepiploic artery (GEA) as graft material for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) as assessed by exercise thallium 201 myocardial scintigraphy in eight patients (age, 59.4 {plus minus} 9.35 years (mean {plus minus} SD)) who underwent CABG with the GEA graft in the past 2 years. Planar and single-photon-emission computed tomographic (SPECT) images were obtained during and 3 hours after exercise. Planar images were evaluated quantitatively with the percentile-washout method, and SPECT images were evaluated qualitatively with a bull's-eye, polar-coordinate map. All patients had triple-vessel disease, and in situ GEAs were anastomosed to the right coronary artery in seven patients and to the left anterior descending coronary artery in one. The internal mammary artery graft was concomitantly used in all patients. The mean number of grafts per patient was 3.0 (range, 2-4). Preoperative exercise testing could not be performed in two patients because of emergency operation. By qualitative assessment with the polar-coordinate map, four patients showed improvement, one did not show any change, and one became worse due to perioperative myocardial infarction.

  12. Impact of statins and beta-blocker therapy on mortality after coronary artery bypass graft surgery

    PubMed Central

    Blackstone, Eugene; Kapadia, Samir R.

    2015-01-01

    Background We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients after first-time isolated coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) and assessed the impact of a discharge regimen including beta-blockers and statin therapy and their relationship to long-term all cause mortality and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE). Methods We identified patients age >18 years, undergoing first time isolated CABG from 1993 to 2005. Patients were identified using the Cardiovascular Information Registry (CVIR). We collected follow-up information at 30, 60, 90 days and yearly follow-up. The registry is approved for use in research by the institutional review broad. Results We identified 5,205 patients who underwent single isolated CABG between January 1993 and December 2005. The mean age was 64.5±9.7 years and over 70% were male. There was a significant difference in the low density lipoproteins (LDL) concentration between those with or without statin medications (134±41.9 mg/dL) (no statin) vs. 126±44.8 mg/dL (with statin), P=0.001. A discharge regimen with statin therapy was associated with and overall reduction in 30 day, 1 year and long-term mortality. In addition, overall the triple ischemic endpoint of death, myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke was also significantly lower in the statin vs. no-statin group. In addition, statin and beta-blockers exerted synergistic effect on overall mortality outcomes short-term and in the long-term. We note that the predictors of overall death include no therapy with statin therapy and age [hazard ratios (HR) 1.1, 95% CI: 1.04-1.078, P<0.001] and presence of renal failure (HR 2.0, P=0.005). The estimated 11-year Kaplan Meier curves for mortality between the two groups starts to diverge immediately post discharge after single isolated CABG and continue to diverge through out the follow-up period. Conclusions A post-discharge regimen of statins independently reduces overall and 1 year mortality. These results confirm those of earlier studies within a contemporary surgical population and support the current clinical guidelines. PMID:25774344

  13. Risk factors for endotracheal re-intubation following coronary artery bypass grafting

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Endotracheal re-intubation following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is often associated with significant morbidity and mortality. However, few reports have focused on the independent risk factors for re-intubation following CABG. This study aimed to evaluate the independent risk factors for re-intubation following CABG. Methods The pre-, intra-, and post-operative materials in patients who had selective and isolated CABG performed on them from January 2004 to July 2012 in our hospital were analyzed retrospectively. Unvariate analysis and logistic regression were used to analyze the risk factor of postoperative re-intubation following CABG. Results Among the 1,244 patients investigated, 97 cases suffered from postoperative re-intubation, and the incidence rate of postoperative re-intubation was 7.8%. The in-hospital mortality in the re-intubation group was significantly higher than that in the non-re-intubation group (9.3% versus 1.4%, P?=?0.004). Re-intubation also correlated with many negative outcomes such as pneumonia, tracheotomy, acute renal failure, infection of incision, prolonged mechanical ventilation time, prolonged intensive care unit (ICU) stay and prolonged hospital stay. The most commonly cause of re-intubation after CABG was hypoxemia due to cardiogenic and noncardiogenic disease, which accounted for 72.2%. The relative factors of postoperative re-intubation were tested through unvariate analysis and logistic regression, and the associated factors were obtained. The associated factors for re-intubation following CABG included preoperative chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (OR?=?2.134, 95% CI?=?1.472-2.967), preoperative congestive heart failure (CHF) (OR?=?2.325, 95% CI?=?1.512-3.121), postoperative relative hypoxemia (OR?=?2.743, 95% CI?=?1.657-3.326), postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) (OR?=?2.976, 95% CI?=?2.127-4.023), postoperative total mechanical ventilation time (OR?=?1.976, 95% CI?=?1.347-2.645). Conclusion Preoperative COPD, preoperative CHF, postoperative relative hypoxemia, postoperative AKI and postoperative total mechanical ventilation time were five independent risk factors for re-intubation following CABG. PMID:24209453

  14. Targeting cefuroxime plasma concentrations during coronary artery bypass graft surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass.

    PubMed

    Aalbers, Marieke; Ter Horst, Peter G J; Hospes, Wobbe; Hijmering, Michel L; Spanjersberg, Alexander J

    2015-08-01

    Backgound Patients are at risk for severe postoperative infections after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Clinical laboratory data showed that unbound plasma concentrations of cefuroxime were not always adequate, therefore we developed a new dosing regimen. Objective The aim of this prospective study is to evaluate the new dosing strategy by monitoring patients for unbound cefuroxime plasma concentrations during CABG surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Setting A Dutch teaching hospital. Methods In this prospective trial, patients scheduled for CABG surgery with CPB were included. A starting dose of 1500 mg cefuroxime was given with anesthesia induction, followed by 750 mg cefuroxime every hour until wound closure. In case of renal failure the dosing regimen was adapted. Serial blood samples were collected before, during and after the CPB process. Pharmacokinetic modelling was performed by using an 'iterative two-stage Bayesian population procedure'. Main outcome measure Unbound plasma concentrations of cefuroxime. Results 22 patients were included, data could be evaluated of 21 patients. In 24 % of the patients the unbound cefuroxime plasma concentration was below the target range during surgery before CPB started. Patients with a bodyweight above 100 kg or age <60 years were more likely to have unbound plasma concentrations below the target range (P = 0.030 and P = 0.008). During CPB, the half-life of unbound cefuroxime increased by 17 % and the clearance decreased by 11 % compared to before CPB (P = 0.033 and P = 0.014). The mean pharmacokinetic parameters before, during and after CPB were as follows: elimination half-life 72, 84 and 76 min; clearance of unbound cefuroxime (Clu) 14.2, 12.7, 13.8 l/h and volume of distribution (Vu) 0.280, 0.284 and 0.290 l/kg respectively. Variations in unbound fractions before, during and after CPB were below 2 %, implicating the unbound fraction of cefuroxime is not influenced by CPB. Conclusion Our results show that CPB during CABG surgery does not lead to inadequate unbound cefuroxime concentrations. Age, renal function and possibly also weight are more important factors that can result in unbound plasma cefuroxime concentrations below the target value. PMID:25791346

  15. Bilateral Vertebral Artery Dissecting Aneurysms Presenting with Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Treated by Staged Coil Trapping and Covered Stents Graft

    PubMed Central

    Shim, Jai-Joon; Kim, Sung-Ho; Chang, Jae-Chil

    2012-01-01

    The treatment of bilateral vertebral artery dissecting aneurysms (VADAs) presenting with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is still challenging. The authors report a rare case of bilateral VADA treated with coil trapping of ruptured VADA and covered stents implantation after multiple unsuccessful stent assisted coiling of the contralateral unruptured VADA. A 44-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital because of severe headache and sudden stuporous consciousness. Brain CT showed thick SAH and intraventricular hemorrhage. Cerebral angiography demonstrated bilateral VADA. Based on the SAH pattern and aneurysm configurations, the right VADA was considered ruptured. This was trapped with endovascular coils without difficulty. One month later, the contralateral unruptured VADA was protected using a stent-within-a-stent technique, but marked enlargement of the left VADA was detected by 8-months follow-up angiography. Subsequently two times coil packing for pseudosacs resulted in near complete occlusion of left VADA. However, it continued to grow. Covered stents graft below the posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) origin and a coronary stent implantation across the origin of the PICA resulted in near complete obliteration of the VADA. Covered stent graft can be used as a last therapeutic option for the management of VADA, which requires absolute preservation of VA flow. PMID:22639713

  16. Total knee arthroplasty after an artificial femoral-popliteal arterial bypass graft

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yuichiro Maruyama; Toshihide Ochiai; Shinichiro Kobayasi; Kazuo Kaneko

    2009-01-01

    We experienced one case of left knee total knee arthroplasty (TKA) after artificial vascular bypass surgery for both femoral\\u000a arteries from the right inguinal region. Patients requiring TKA after arterial bypass surgery to report a thrombosis are very\\u000a rare, but the incidence of thrombosis in the cases of TKA after arterial bypass surgery was reported to be higher when compared

  17. Long-term survival benefits of coronary artery bypass grafting and percutaneous transluminal angioplasty in patients with coronary artery disease

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert H. Jones; Karen Kesler; Harry R. Phillips; Daniel B. Mark; Peter K. Smith; Charlotte L. Nelson; Mark F. Newman; Joseph G. Reves; Robert W. Anderson; Robert M. Califf

    1996-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate long-term survival benefits of bypass surgery and angioplasty versus medical therapy in 9263 patients at Duke University Medical Center between 1984 and 1990 with coronary artery disease confirmed by cardiac catheterization to involve one, two, or three vessels. Clinical data were prospectively entered into an established cardiovascular database, and annual follow-up was

  18. Comparison between Drug-Eluting Stents and Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting for Unprotected Left Main Coronary Artery Disease: A Meta-Analysis of Two Randomized Trials and Thirteen Observational Studies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shuai Zheng; Zhe Zheng; Jianfeng Hou; Shengshou Hu

    2011-01-01

    Objective: The clinical outcomes for unprotected left main coronary artery (LMCA) between coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and drug-eluting stents (DES) are still controversial. The objective was to compare safety and efficacy between DES and CABG for unprotected LMCA. Methods: Electronic databases and article references were systematically searched (2000–2010) to access relevant studies. Results: Fifteen studies with 5,479 patients were

  19. Elevated Pulmonary Artery Pressure Is a Risk Factor for Primary Graft Dysfunction Following Lung Transplantation for Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

    PubMed Central

    Fang, Adam; Studer, Sean; Kawut, Steven M.; Ahya, Vivek N.; Lee, James; Wille, Keith; Lama, Vibha; Ware, Lorraine; Orens, Jonathan; Weinacker, Ann; Palmer, Scott M.; Crespo, Maria; Lederer, David J.; Deutschman, Clifford S.; Kohl, Benjamin A.; Bellamy, Scarlett; Demissie, Ejigayehu

    2011-01-01

    Background: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is often associated with elevations in pulmonary artery pressures. Although primary pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) has been associated with primary graft dysfunction (PGD), the role of secondary PAH in mediating PGD risk in patients with IPF is incompletely understood. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) and PGD among patients with IPF. Methods: We performed a multicenter prospective cohort study of 126 lung transplant procedures performed for IPF between March 2002 and August 2007. The primary outcome was grade 3 PGD at 72 h after lung transplant. The mPAP was measured as the initial reading following insertion of the right-sided heart catheter during lung transplant. Multivariable logistic regression was used to adjust for confounding variables. Results: The mPAP for patients with PGD was 38.5 ± 16.3 mm Hg vs 29.6 ± 11.5 mm Hg for patients without PGD (mean difference, 8.9 mm Hg [95% CI, 3.6-14.2]; P = .001). The increase in odds of PGD associated with each 10-mm Hg increase in mPAP was 1.64 (95% CI, 1.18-2.26; P = .003). In multivariable models, this relationship was independent of confounding by other clinical variables, although the use of cardiopulmonary bypass partially attenuated the relationship. Conclusions: Higher mPAP in patients with IPF is associated with the development of PGD. PMID:20864607

  20. The Prevalence of Risk Factors of Coronary Artery Disease in the Patients who Underwent Coronary Artery Bypass Graft, Shiraz, Iran: Suggesting a Model

    PubMed Central

    Ostovan, Mohammad Ali; Darvish, Negar; Askarian, Mehrdad

    2014-01-01

    Background: Cardiovascular diseases are the main cause of 40% of deaths in Iran annually. Many patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery have previous cardiovascular risk factors which could be prevented. Objectives: The present study aimed to assess the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in the patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional (descriptive – analytical) study, a data collecting form was used. A total of 246 patients were selected from six hospitals of Shiraz using random stratification. Descriptive statistics were presented through figures and tables and t-test was used to analyze the continuous variables. All the statistical analyses were performed using the SPSS statistical software (version 15.0). Besides, P < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: Among the study patients, only 11.67% had no risk factors and 88.33% had one or more risk factors. The most common risk factors observed in the patients were hypertension, obesity and overweight, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes mellitus. The results showed a significant difference between males and females regarding the prevalence of hypertension (P = 0.001), diabetes (P = 0.028), hypercholesterolemia (P = 0.020), and cigarette smoking (P = 0.001). In addition, the patients' mean levels of cholesterol, LDL, triglyceride, and fasting blood sugar were higher than the acceptable level, while that of HDL was lower than the accepted level. Conclusions: These patients are recommended to be trained regarding lifestyle changes. Also, prevention strategies can play an important role in reducing patient morbidity and mortality. PMID:25614855

  1. Treatment of a Celiac Trunk Aneurysm Close to the Hepato-splenic Bifurcation by Using Hepatic Stent-graft Implantation and Splenic Artery Embolization

    SciTech Connect

    Basile, Antonio [Ospedale Ferrarotto, Department of Radiology (Italy)], E-mail: antodoc@yahoo.com; Lupattelli, Tommaso [Ospedale Ferrarotto, Department of Vascular Surgery (Italy); Magnano, Marco; Giulietti, Giorgio; Privitera, Giambattista [Ospedale Ferrarotto, Department of Radiology (Italy); Battaglia, Giuseppe; Monaca, Vincenzo [Policlinico S. Donato, Department of Interventional Radiology (Italy); Ettorre, Giancarlo [University of Catania, Department of Radiology (Italy)

    2007-02-15

    We present a case of a 73-year-old man in whom a celiac trunk aneurysm close to the hepato-splenic bifurcation was discovered and treated by using celiac-hepatic stent-grafts implantation and splenic artery embolization.

  2. Clinical and angiographic outcomes in patients with previous coronary artery bypass graft surgery treated with primary balloon angioplasty for acute myocardial infarction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gregg W. Stone; Bruce R. Brodie; John J. Griffin; Lorelei Grines; Judith Boura; William W. O’Neill; Cindy L. Grines

    2000-01-01

    OBJECTIVESWe sought to characterize the presenting characteristics of patients with previous coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and to determine the angiographic success rate and clinical outcomes of a primary percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) strategy.BACKGROUNDPatients who have had previous CABG and AMI comprise a high risk group with decreased reperfusion success and increased mortality

  3. The Impact of Newly Diagnosed Patent Foramen Ovale in Patients Undergoing Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting: Case Series of Eleven Patients

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. R. Sukernik; B. Mets; B. Kachulis; M. C. Oz; E. Bennett-Guerrero

    2002-01-01

    The increased use of transesophageal echocardiogra- phy (TEE) by anesthesiologists may lead to an increase in the intraoperative detection of previously undiag- nosed patent foramen ovale (PFO). The impact of heart manipulation on interatrial shunting through a PFO during off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) has not been studied. We retrospectively studied 11 pa- tients with PFOs who underwent off-pump

  4. Assessment of Decline in Health-Related Quality of Life among Angina-Free Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul A. Pirraglia; Janey C. Peterson; Pamela Williams-Russo; Mary E. Charlson

    2003-01-01

    Purpose: Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery generally decreases symptoms and improves quality of life, but for those patients without angina, prolongation of life takes precedence. We used the SF-36 to assess changes in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among patients who were angina free prior to CABG compared to those reporting angina. Methods: We combined data from two randomized

  5. Does Patient Gender Affect Outcomes after Concomitant Coronary Artery Bypass Graft and Aortic Valve Replacement? An Australian Society of Cardiac and Thoracic Surgeons Database Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Akshat Saxena; Chin-Leng Poh; Diem T. Dinh; Christopher M. Reid; Julian A. Smith; Gilbert C. Shardey; Andrew E. Newcomb

    2011-01-01

    Objectives: Women undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery have been previously shown to be at an independently increased risk for post-operative morbidity and mortality. However, there are considerably less data on whether this trend remains true in patients undergoing concomitant aortic valve replacement (AVR) and CABG surgery. The aim of our study was to investigate this pertinent issue.

  6. Preoperative 24-hour urine amount as an independent predictor of renal outcome in poor cardiac function patients after coronary artery bypass grafting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chun-Liang Lin; Kun-Ying Pan; Po-Yaur Hsu; Huan-Yu Yang; Huey-Liang Guo; Chiu-Ching Huang

    2004-01-01

    Purpose: To investigate the incidence and the main pre-operative risk factors for the development of acute renal failure (ARF) in triple vessels coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with special reference to a subset of patients with poor cardiac function (ejection fraction <50%).Patients: The study included the patients (n = 66) requiring CABG from January 1, 1995 to January 1, 2002

  7. High serum cortisol level is associated with increased risk of delirium after coronary artery bypass graft surgery: a prospective cohort study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dong-Liang Mu; Dong-Xin Wang; Li-Huan Li; Guo-Jin Shan; Jun Li; Qin-Jun Yu; Chun-Xia Shi

    2010-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The pathophysiology of postoperative delirium remains poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between serum cortisol level and occurrence of early postoperative delirium in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. METHODS: A total of 243 patients undergoing elective CABG surgery were enrolled. Patients were examined twice daily during the first five postoperative

  8. Strict Thermoregulation Attenuates Myocardial Injury During Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery as Reflected by Reduced Levels of Cardiac-Specific Troponin I

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nahum Nesher; Eli Zisman; Tamir Wolf; Ram Sharony; Gil Bolotin; Miriam David; Gideon Uretzky; Reuven Pizov

    2003-01-01

    We assessed the cardioprotective effects of periopera- tive maintenance of normothermia by determining the perioperative profile of troponin I, a highly cardiac- specific protein important in risk stratification of pa- tients with acute ischemic events. Candidates for their primary coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) were randomized into a new thermoregulation system group, Allon™ thermoregulation (AT; n 30), and a routine

  9. Gender as a Moderator between Having an Anxiety Disorder Diagnosis and Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Surgery (CABG) Outcomes in Rural Patients

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dao, Tam K.; Voelkel, Emily; Presley, Sherine; Doss, Brendel; Huddleston, Cashuna; Gopaldas, Raja

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: This paper examines gender as a moderating variable between having an anxiety disorder diagnosis and coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG) outcomes in rural patients. Methods: Using the 2008 Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) database, 17,885 discharge records of patients who underwent a primary CABG surgery were identified.…

  10. Simultaneous carotid endarterectomy and coronary artery bypass grafting in 313 patients

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N Evagelopoulos; M. T Trenz; A Beckmann; A Krian

    2000-01-01

    The coincidence of coronary and carotid artery disease (uni- or bilateral, with or without involvement of the supra-aortic branch) is still a problem with regards to surgical strategy. Since the opening of the Heart Centre Duisburg in 1989 the authors have favoured a simultaneous approach to lesions in both arterial systems in order to avoid myocardial infarction or stroke. The

  11. Coronary artery bypass grafting in a patient with situs inversus totalis and dextrocardia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eduardo Keller SAADI; Luis Henrique DUSSIN; Alvaro NICOLAO; Alcides José ZAGO

    2007-01-01

    Situs inversus totalis is a rar e congenital anomaly . We report a case of a 78-year-old woman with this condition and ischemic coronary artery disease who underwent myocardial revascularizatio n. The cardiac catheterism showed severe proximal stenosis with aneurysms in the anterior interventricular branch, diagonal ar tery, and right cor onar y artery . The pr ocedur e was

  12. Pelvic Arterial Embolisation in a Trauma Patient with a Pre-Existing Aortobifemoral Graft

    SciTech Connect

    Abulaban, Osama; Hopkins, Jonathan; Willis, Andrew P.; Jones, Robert G., E-mail: robert.jones@uhb.nhs.uk [Queen Elizabeth Hospital, University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust (United Kingdom)

    2011-02-15

    Pelvic fractures secondary to blunt trauma are associated with a significant mortality rate due to uncontrolled bleeding. Interventional radiology (IR) can play an important and central role in the management of such patients, offering definitive minimally invasive therapy and avoiding the need for high-risk surgery. Rapid access to whole-body computed tomography has been shown to improve survival in polytrauma patients and allows rapid diagnosis of vascular injury and assessment of suitability for endovascular therapy. IR can then target and treat the specific area of bleeding. Embolisation of bleeding pelvic arteries has been shown to be highly effective and should be the treatment of choice in this situation. The branches of the internal iliac artery (IIA) are usually involved, and these arteries are accessed by way of IIA catheterisation after abdominal aortography. Occasionally these arteries cannot be accessed by way of this conventional route because of recent IIA ligation carried out surgically in an attempt to stop the bleeding or because (in the rare situation we describe here) these vessels are excluded secondary to previous aortoiliac repair. In this situation, knowledge of pelvic arterial collateral artery pathways is important because these will continue to supply pelvic structures whilst making access to deep pelvic branches challenging. We describe a rare case, which has not been previously reported in the literature, in which successful embolisation of a bleeding pelvic artery was carried out by way of the collateral artery pathways.

  13. Flow capacity of skeletonized versus pedicled internal thoracic artery in coronary artery bypass graft surgery: systematic review, meta-analysis and meta-regression.

    PubMed

    Sá, Michel Pompeu Barros Oliveira; Cavalcanti, Paulo Ernando Ferraz; Santos, Henrique José de Andrade Costa; Soares, Artur Freire; Miranda, Rodrigo Gusmão Albuquerque; Araújo, Mayara Lopes; Lima, Ricardo Carvalho

    2015-07-01

    Many surgeons are concerned about the flow capacity of a skeletonized internal thoracic artery (ITA) in comparison with a pedicled ITA used during coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). This work aims to summarize the evidence comparing the flow capacity of a skeletonized versus pedicled ITA during CABG. We performed systematic review and meta-analysis according to the PRISMA statement based on a search in MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL/CCTR, ClinicalTrials.gov, SciELO, LILACS, Google Scholar and reference lists of relevant articles. Studies included were original studies whose populations comprised patients undergoing CABG; compared outcomes between skeletonized versus pedicled ITA; the outcomes included data regarding intraoperative flow capacity of the grafts; the studies were prospective or retrospective or non-randomized or randomized controlled trials. In total, eight studies were identified and reviewed for eligibility and data were extracted. Forest plots and the summarized difference in means including 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated and meta-regressions were performed. There was a statistically significant difference in favour of the skeletonized ITA compared with the pedicled ITA in terms of flow capacity (random-effect model: additional 20.8 ml/min, 95% CI 6.6-35.0, P = 0.004), being the summary measures under the influence of heterogeneity of the effects, but free from publication bias. We observed a difference with regard to the type of study, since non-randomized studies together demonstrated the superiority of a skeletonized ITA (random-effect model: additional 32.3 ml/min, 95% CI 21.0-43.6, P < 0.001), but the randomized studies together did not show it (random-effect model: additional 13.2 ml/min, 95% CI -1.1 to 27.6, P = 0.071). Meta-regression demonstrated some modulation influence by female gender, age and diabetes on the flow capacity of grafts. In summary, in terms of flow capacity, a skeletonized ITA appears to be superior in comparison with a pedicled ITA during CABG. PMID:25228742

  14. Does bilateral internal thoracic artery grafting increase surgical risk in diabetic patients? 1 1 This article has been selected for the open discussion forum on the STS Web site: http:\\/\\/www.sts.org\\/annals

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Miguel Sousa Uva; Eric Braunberger; Marc Fisher; Yves Fromes; Phillipe H Deleuze; Jean A Celestin; Olivier M Bical

    1998-01-01

    Background. The purpose of this study was to determine whether, with appropriate techniques, diabetic patients could benefit from the advantages of double internal thoracic artery (ITA) coronary bypass without an increased hospital risk.Methods. Between January 1990 and December 1996, 207 consecutive diabetic patients underwent coronary artery bypass graft operations. In 74 patients both arteries (bilateral ITA group) were used, whereas

  15. Comparing cardiovascular factors in opium abusers and non-users candidate for coronary artery bypass graft surgery

    PubMed Central

    Aghadavoudi, Omid; Eizadi-Mood, Nastaran; Najarzadegan, Mohammad Reza

    2015-01-01

    Background: In some opinions, opium consumption has traditionally been considered to be a means to lower blood lipids and to put off heart diseases. In this study, the relationship between opium consumption and risk factors of coronary artery diseases, hemodynamic factors and cardiac related functions before and after surgery was evaluated. Materials and Methods: In a cross-sectional study 325 patient's candidate for elective coronary artery bypass grafting were enrolled in a period of 6 months. Opium addicted patients were recognized based on taking history from the patients by an anaesthesiologist. Serum lipid profile was determined at the beginning of the study. Frequency and distribution of coronary artery diseases were assessed according to the pre-operative coronary angiography. Results: From 325 patients, 117 patients were opium abusers and 208 patients were not. Mean duration of opium abuse was 12.6 ± 7.7 years. Mean total serum cholesterol levels were not significantly different in abusers and non-users patients (185 ± 47 vs. 190 ± 49, P > 0.05). Mean level of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol was significantly higher in addicted group (121 ± 27 vs. 81 ± 22, P < 0.05). Mean triglyceride level was also higher in addicted patients (203 ± 114 vs. 162 ± 98, P < 0.05). The prevalence of diabetes and glucose levels was considerably lower in opium addicted cases. Mean body mass index was also lower in addicted patients significantly (25.3 ± 3.7 vs. 27.5 ± 4.1, P < 0.05). Conclusion: There may be a relationship between opium abuse and aggravating lipid profile and hypercholesterolemia and coronary artery disease. PMID:25625118

  16. Risk factors for stroke in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lynda L. Mickleborough; Paul M. Walker; Yasushi Takagi; Masanori Ohashi; Joan Ivanov; Miguel Tamariz

    1996-01-01

    Objective: To determine predictors of stroke in patients undergoing first-time coronary bypass grafting, we prospectively collected data on 1631 consecutive patients. Methods: Patients with a history of stroke and\\/or central nervous system symptoms (n = 134) and\\/or carotid bruits (n = 95) underwent carotid Doppler evaluation. Stenosis greater than 70% was considered significant. Patients with symptomatic disease or asymptomatic bilateral

  17. [Evaluation of neurosonography for a case of brainstem transient ischemic attack (TIA) due to proximal subclavian artery stenosis, with favorable outcome after axillo-axillary bypass grafting].

    PubMed

    Matsuda, Nozomu; Matsuura, Yutaka; Soeta, Tomoko; Shibano, Ken; Endo, Kazuhiro; Sato, Yoshiyuki; Takahashi, Koki; Yokoyama, Hitoshi; Yamamoto, Teiji

    2005-05-01

    We report an 82-year-old man with crescendo brainstem TIA and left upper-limb ischemia due to the left proximal subclavian artery stenosis. Angiography revealed that the left proximal subclavian artery was stenotic. The right vertebral artery was considered to be aplastic or occlusive. Neurosonography, especially the echo-Doppler study of the left vertebral artery, showed that the subclavian artery steal phenomenon did not occur. This study has enabled us to opt for axillo-axillary bypass. We preferred to avoid percutaneous transluminal angioplasty in order to avoid the risk of embolization. The patient received the axillo-axillary bypass operation. He has been free of TIAs and the left upper-limb ischemia since the surgery. We have evaluated his blood circulation fully, by comparing his state before and after the axillo-axillary bypass grafting. PMID:15960175

  18. Prospective randomized comparison of cefodizime versus cefuroxime for perioperative prophylaxis in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting.

    PubMed Central

    Wenisch, C; Bartunek, A; Zedtwitz-Liebenstein, K; Hiesmayr, M; Parschalk, B; Pernerstorfer, T; Graninger, W

    1997-01-01

    The effects of cefodizime and cefuroxime on neutrophil phagocytosis and reactive oxygen production in 54 patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass grafting were studied. Both drugs were administered twice at a dosage of 40 mg/kg of body weight (pre- and intraoperative). Phagocytic capacity was assessed by measuring the uptake of fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus by flow cytometry. Reactive oxygen generation after phagocytosis was estimated by determining the amount of dihydrorhodamine 123 converted to rhodamine 123 intracellularly. In both groups the mean phagocytic ability for E. coli and S. aureus decreased during surgery (-21 and -8%, respectively, for the cefodizime group and -39 and -38%, respectively, for the cefuroxime group; P < 0.05 for all). In the cefodizime group a normalization of mean E. coli and S. aureus neutrophil phagocytosis was seen on day 5 (+9 and -4% compared to preoperative values; P > 0.35 for both), whereas in cefuroxime-treated patients phagocytic ability remained depressed (-37 and -31%; P < 0.04 for both). In both groups mean neutrophil reactive oxygen intermediate (ROI) production after E. coli and S. aureus phagocytosis increased during cardiopulmonary bypass (+44 and +83%, respectively, in the cefodizime group and +58 and +73%, respectively, in the cefuroxime group; P < 0.05 for all). One day after surgery E. coli- and S. aureus-driven neutrophil ROI production was not different from the preoperative values (-2 and +12%, respectively, for the cefodizime group and +7 and +15%, respectively, for the cefuroxime group; P > 0.15 for all). Postoperative serum levels of the C-reactive protein on days 2 and 7 were lower in cefodizime-treated patients (19 +/- 6 and 4 +/- 2 mg/liter versus 23 +/- 6 and 11 +/- 5 mg/liter; P < 0.05 for both). In addition to cefodizime's antimicrobial activity during perioperative prophylaxis, its use in coronary artery bypass grafting can prevent procedure-related prolonged postoperative neutrophil phagocytosis impairment. PMID:9210690

  19. Multivessel Distal Sutureless Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Procedure Using Magnetic Connectors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Filip P. Casselman; Massimo Meco; Helge Dom; Luc Foubert; Frank Van Praet; Hugo Vanermen

    2010-01-01

    ff-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB) is an increasingly popular procedure because of proven and speculative advantages that surpass on- pump surgery (1). Because of its avoidance of the cardio- pulmonary bypass system OPCAB is considered \\

  20. Choice of vein-harvest technique for coronary artery bypass grafting: rationale and design of the REGROUP trial.

    PubMed

    Zenati, Marco A; Gaziano, J Michael; Collins, Joseph F; Biswas, Kousick; Gabany, Jennifer M; Quin, Jacquelyn A; Bitondo, Jerene M; Bakaeen, Faisal G; Kelly, Rosemary F; Shroyer, A Laurie; Bhatt, Deepak L

    2014-06-01

    The Randomized Endo-vein Graft Prospective (REGROUP) trial (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01850082) is a randomized, intent-to-treat, 2-arm, parallel-design, multicenter study funded by the Cooperative Studies Program (CSP No. 588) of the US Department of Veterans Affairs. Cardiac surgeons at 16 Veterans Affairs (VA) medical centers with technical expertise in performing both endoscopic vein harvesting (EVH) and open vein harvesting (OVH) were recruited as the REGROUP surgeon participants. Subjects requiring elective or urgent coronary artery bypass grafting using cardiopulmonary bypass with use of ?1 saphenous vein graft will be screened for enrollment using pre-established inclusion/exclusion criteria. Enrolled subjects (planned N = 1150) will be randomized to 1 of the 2 arms (EVH or OVH) after an experienced vein harvester has been assigned. The primary outcomes measure is the rate of major adverse cardiac events (MACE), including death, myocardial infarction, or revascularization. Subject assessments will be performed at multiple times, including at baseline, intraoperatively, postoperatively, and at discharge (or 30 days after surgery, if still hospitalized). Assessment of leg-wound complications will be completed at 6 weeks after surgery. Telephone follow-ups will occur at 3-month intervals after surgery until the participating sites are decommissioned after the trial's completion (approximately 4.5 years after the full study startup). To assess long-term outcomes, centralized follow-up of MACE for 2 additional years will be centrally performed using VA and non-VA clinical and administrative databases. The primary MACE outcome will be compared between the 2 arms, EVH and OVH, at the end of the trial duration. PMID:24633760

  1. Total i.v. anaesthesia with propofol and alfentanil for coronary artery bypass grafting.

    PubMed

    Manara, A R; Monk, C R; Bolsin, S N; Prys-Roberts, C

    1991-06-01

    The haemodynamic effects of total i.v. anaesthesia with a combination of propofol and alfentanil infusions were studied in eight patients with good left ventricular function undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery. Haemodynamic indices were measured before anaesthesia and at specified intervals before cardiopulmonary bypass. The technique resulted in haemodynamic changes comparable to those reported with opioid-based anaesthesia for coronary artery surgery, and has potential advantages. PMID:2064887

  2. Safety and efficacy of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kit V Arom; Thomas F Flavin; Robert W Emery; Vibhu R Kshettry; Patricia A Janey; Rebecca J Petersen

    2000-01-01

    Background. We evaluated the application of the off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) procedure relative to safety and efficiency as measured by operative mortality postoperative complications and longitudinal outcome.Methods. Three hundred and fifty OPCAB patients were compared to 3,171 on-pump or conventional coronary artery bypass (CCAB) patients between January 1, 1997 and December 31, 1998. The groups were divided into three

  3. Cardiac output monitoring during off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Matthew P Grow; Amrik Singh; Neal W Fleming; Nilas Young; Mitchell Watnik

    2004-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate and compare monitors of cardiac output during repositioning and stabilization of the heart for off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery.Design: Prospective, observational, clinical study.Setting: University teaching hospital.Participants: Consecutive patients scheduled to undergo elective OPCAB (n = 19).Interventions: Monitoring, induction, and anesthesia followed a routine protocol for coronary artery bypass patients. This included the use of transesophageal echocardiography

  4. Association between mechanics and structure in arteries and veins: theoretical approach to vascular graft confection.

    PubMed

    Salvucci, F P; Bia, D; Armentano, R L; Barra, J G; Craiem, D; Zócalo, Y; Fernández, J D; Baguear, F; Atienza, J M; Rojo, F J; Guinea, G V

    2009-01-01

    Biomechanical and functional properties of tissue engineered vascular grafts must be similar to those observed in native vessels. This supposes a complete mechanical and structural characterization of the blood vessels. To this end, static and dynamic mechanical tests performed in the sheep thoracic and abdominal aorta and the cava vein were contrasted with histological quantification of their main constituents: elastin, collagen and muscle cells. Our results demonstrate that in order to obtain adequate engineered vascular grafts, the absolute amount of collagen fibers, the collagen/elastin ratio, the amount of muscle cells and the muscle cells/elastic fibers ratio are necessary to be determined in order to ensure adequate elastic modulus capable of resisting high stretches, an adequate elastic modulus at low and normal stretch values, the correct viscous energy dissipation, and a good dissipation factor and buffering function, respectively. PMID:19965024

  5. Acute Compartment Syndrome of the Lower Leg after Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting: A Silent but Dangerous Complication.

    PubMed

    Te Kolste, Henryk Jan; Balm, Ron; de Mol, Bas

    2015-06-01

    Background?Acute compartment syndrome (ACoS) is a serious, limb-threatening condition, but ACoS after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is rare. ACoS is diagnosed with the help of typical symptoms, but due to the use of analgesics in a postoperative setting, these symptoms may vary. Identifying risk factors for ACoS after CABG could reduce the risk of developing this complication. Methods?We describe the clinical presentation, diagnosis, and management of five cases of ACoS arising from CABG procedures at our institution during the last 5 years. We also review all cases found in literature about this complication. Discussion?Both systemic and local factors may contribute to ACoS of the lower leg. These factors include increased microvascular permeability caused by cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), the use of cardiac-assist devices causing arterial occlusion and reperfusion injury, diminished arterial blood flow in patients with peripheral vascular disease due to lithotomy position and the use of elastic bandages and local trauma and hematoma formation due to the harvesting of the greater saphenous vein (GSV). Conclusion?To prevent this serious complication, we advise to pay extra attention to the patients with a greater risk. Hemostasis after venectomy in CABG surgery is mandatory, especially in the endoscopic harvesting of the GSV. Elastic bandages should be applied after weaning from CPB. Elevated creatine phosphokinase values may indicate ACoS. When suspicion arises, intracompartmental pressure measurement is the preferred tool for early recognition and diagnosis. To prevent irreversible, extensive tissue damage and permanent disability fasciotomy must be performed immediately after the diagnosis is made. PMID:25602845

  6. Autotransfusion in coronary artery bypass grafting: Disparity in laboratory tests and clinical performance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hanne I. Flom-Halvorsen; Eivind Øvrum; Geir Tangen; Frank Brosstad; Mari-Anne L. Ringdal; Rolf Øystese

    1999-01-01

    Objective: Autotransfusion during and after cardiac surgery is widely performed, but its effects on coagulation, fibrinolysis, and inflammatory response have not been known in detail. Methods: Hemostatic and inflammatory markers were extensively studied in 40 coronary artery bypass patients undergoing a consistent intraoperative and postoperative autotransfusion protocol. An identical autotransfusion protocol was applied to 4916 consecutive coronary patients and the

  7. Effect of training on outcomes following coronary artery bypass graft surgeryq

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Aung Y. Oo; Antony D. Grayson; Abbas Rashid

    Objective: We examined our coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) experience to assess the effect of training on mortality and morbidity outcomes. Methods: Between April 1997 and September 2002, 5678 consecutive patients underwent isolated CABG. Five hundred and fifty- five (9.9%) were performed by trainee surgeons. Multivariate logistic regression was used to assess the effect of training on adverse outcomes, while

  8. Effect of training on outcomes following coronary artery bypass graft surgery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Aung Y. Oo; Antony D. Grayson; Abbas Rashid

    2004-01-01

    Objective: We examined our coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) experience to assess the effect of training on mortality and morbidity outcomes. Methods: Between April 1997 and September 2002, 5678 consecutive patients underwent isolated CABG. Five hundred and fifty-five (9.9%) were performed by trainee surgeons. Multivariate logistic regression was used to assess the effect of training on adverse outcomes, while adjusting

  9. Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease and Diabetic Nephropathy: A Single Center Experience

    PubMed Central

    Bae, Ki Sun; Park, Hyeong Cheon; Kang, Byung Seung; Park, Jong Won; Chon, Nu Ri; Oh, Kyung Jin; Yoon, Young Won; Hong, You Sun

    2007-01-01

    Background Patients with diabetic nephropathy (DN) and coronary artery disease (CAD) represent a subset of patients with high cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The optimal revascularization strategy using either percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of PCI to CABG in DN patients with CAD. Methods The clinical and angiographic records of DN patients with CAD who underwent either CABG (n=52) or PCI (n=48) were retrospectively analyzed. Results The baseline characteristics were similar in the two groups except for the severity of the CAD. At 30 days, the death rate (PCI: 2.1% vs. CABG: 9.6%, p=0.21) and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) rate (PCI: 2.1% vs. CABG: 9.6%, p=0.21) were similar in comparisons between the PCI and CABG groups. At three years, the death rate (PCI: 18.8% vs. CABG: 19.2%, p=0.94) was similar between the PCI and CABG groups but the MACE rate (PCI: 47.9% vs. CABG: 21.2%, p=0.006) was higher in the PCI group compared to the CABG group. In addition, the repeat revascularization rate was higher in the PCI group compared to the CABG group (PCI: 12.5% vs. CABG: 1.9%, p=0.046). Conclusions The CABG procedure was associated with a lower incidence of MACE and repeat revascularization for up to three years of follow-up in DN patients with CAD. However, the overall survival rate was similar in the CABG and PCI groups. Therefore, CABG may be superior to PCI with regard to MACE and repeat revascularization. PMID:17939329

  10. Coronary artery disease performance measures and statin use in patients with recent percutaneous coronary intervention or recent coronary artery bypass grafting (from the NCDR PINNACLE registry).

    PubMed

    Bandeali, Salman J; Gosch, Kensey; Alam, Mahboob; Kayani, Waleed T; Jneid, Hani; Fiocchi, Fran; Wilson, James M; Chan, Paul S; Deswal, Anita; Maddox, Thomas M; Virani, Salim S

    2015-04-15

    The association between coronary revascularization strategy (percutaneous coronary intervention [PCI] or coronary artery bypass grafting [CABG]) and compliance with coronary artery disease (CAD) performance measures is not well studied. Our analysis studied patients enrolled in the Practice Innovation and Clinical Excellence registry, who underwent coronary revascularization using PCI or CABG in the 12 months before their most recent outpatient visit in 2011. We compared the attainment of CAD performance measures and statin use in eligible patients with PCI and CABG using hierarchical logistic regression models. Our study cohort consisted of 112,969 patients (80,753 with PCI and 32,216 with CABG). After adjustment for site and patient characteristics, performance measure compliance for tobacco use query (odds ratio [OR] 0.80; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.76 to 0.86), antiplatelet therapy (OR 0.9; 95% CI 0.86 to 0.94) and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor/angiotensin receptor blocker therapy (OR 0.89; 95% CI 0.84 to 0.94) was lower in CABG compared with patients with PCI. Patients who underwent recent CABG had higher rates of ?-blocker (OR 1.25; 95% CI 1.16 to 1.33) and statin treatment (OR 1.37; 95% CI 1.31 to 1.43) compared with patients with PCI. Of the 79 practice sites, 15 (19%) had ?75% of their patients with CAD (CABG or PCI) meeting 75% to 100% of all eligible CAD performance measures. In conclusion, gaps persist in compliance with specific CAD performance measures in patients with recent PCI or CABG, and 1 in 5 practices had ?75% compliance of eligible CAD performance measures in the most of their patients. PMID:25721483

  11. Management of carotid Dacron patch infection: a case report using median sternotomy for proximal common carotid artery control and in situ polytetrafluoroethylene grafting.

    PubMed

    Illuminati, Giulio; Calio', Francesco G; D'Urso, Antonio; Ceccanei, Gianluca; Pacilè, Maria Antonietta

    2009-01-01

    We report on a 58-year-old male who presented with an enlarging cervical hematoma 3 months following carotid endarterectomy with Dacron patch repair, due to septic disruption of the Dacron patch secondary to presumed infection. The essential features of this case are the control of the proximal common carotid artery gained through a median sternotomy, because the patient was markedly obese with minimal thyromental distance, and the treatment consisting of in situ polytetrafluoroethylene bypass grafting, due to the absence of a suitable autogenous saphenous vein. Median sternotomy is rarely required in case of reintervention for septic false aneurysms and hematomas following carotid endarterectomy but should be considered whenever difficult control of the common carotid artery, when entering the previous cervicotomy, is anticipated. In situ polytetrafluoroethylene grafting can be considered if autogenous vein material is lacking. PMID:19875014

  12. Robotically assisted totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass surgery

    PubMed Central

    Canale, Leonardo Secchin; Mick, Stephanie; Mihaljevic, Tomislav; Nair, Ravi

    2013-01-01

    Robotically assisted totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass surgery has emerged as a feasible and efficient alternative to conventional full sternotomy coronary artery bypass graft surgery in selected patients. This minimally invasive approach using the daVinci robotic system allows fine intrathoracic maneuvers and excellent view of the coronary arteries. Both on-pump and off-pump operations can be performed to treat single and multivessel disease. Hybrid approaches have the potential of offering complete revascularization with the “best of both worlds” from surgery (internal mammary artery anastomosis in less invasive fashion) and percutaneous coronary intervention (least invasive approach). In this article we review the indications, techniques, short and long term results, as well as current developments in totally endoscopic robotic coronary artery bypass operations. PMID:24251021

  13. Endovascular treatment of a mycotic intracavernous carotid artery aneurysm using a stent graft.

    PubMed

    Gupta, Vivek; Jain, Vikash; Mathuria, S N; Khandelwal, N

    2013-09-01

    Intracavernous carotid artery mycotic aneurysms are rare and management is determined by clinical presentation. We describe the first documented proximal intracranial mycotic aneurysm treated by a balloon expandable Aneugraft PCS covered stent. An 11-year-old female child presented with acute onset fever, headache, chemosis followed by diplopia, right-sided ptosis with ophthalmoplegia. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed bilateral cavernous sinus thrombosis. Subsequent work-up included serial computed tomographic arteriography and digital subtraction angiography which revealed a progressively enlarging intracavernous carotid aneurysm. An Aneugraft PCS covered stent was successfully deployed endovascularly, and complete exclusion of the aneurysm was achieved while maintaining the patency of the parent artery. The use of covered stents in intracranial vasculature can be an effective and safe treatment modality for exclusion of the mycotic aneurysm in selected cases. PMID:24070080

  14. Endovascular Treatment of a Mycotic Intracavernous Carotid Artery Aneurysm Using a Stent Graft

    PubMed Central

    Gupta, Vivek; Jain, Vikash; Mathuria, SN; Khandelwal, N

    2013-01-01

    Summary Intracavernous carotid artery mycotic aneurysms are rare and management is determined by clinical presentation. We describe the first documented proximal intracranial mycotic aneurysm treated by a balloon expandable Aneugraft PCS covered stent. An 11-year-old female child presented with acute onset fever, headache, chemosis followed by diplopia, right-sided ptosis with ophthalmoplegia. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed bilateral cavernous sinus thrombosis. Subsequent work-up included serial computed tomographic arteriography and digital subtraction angiography which revealed a progressively enlarging intracavernous carotid aneurysm. An Aneugraft PCS covered stent was successfully deployed endovascularly, and complete exclusion of the aneurysm was achieved while maintaining the patency of the parent artery. The use of covered stents in intracranial vasculature can be an effective and safe treatment modality for exclusion of the mycotic aneurysm in selected cases. PMID:24070080

  15. Endovascular Treatment of a Giant Superior Mesenteric Artery Pseudoaneurysm Using a Nitinol Stent-Graft

    SciTech Connect

    Gandini, Roberto; Pipitone, Vincenzo; Konda, Daniel, E-mail: danielkonda@yahoo.com; Pendenza, Gianluca; Spinelli, Alessio; Stefanini, Matteo; Simonetti, Giovanni [University of Tor Vergata, Diagnostic Imaging and Interventional Radiology (Italy)

    2005-01-15

    A 68-year-old woman presenting with gastrointestinal bleeding (hematocrit 19.3%) and in a critical clinical condition (American Society of Anesthesiologists grade 4) from a giant superior mesenteric artery pseudoaneurysm (196.0 x 131.4 mm) underwent emergency endovascular treatment. The arterial tear supplying the pseudoaneurysm was excluded using a 5.0 mm diameter and 31 mm long monorail expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE)-covered self-expanding nitinol stent. Within 6 days of the procedure, a gradual increase in hemoglobin levels and a prompt improvement in the clinical condition were observed. Multislice CT angiograms performed immediately, 5 days, 30 days and 3 months after the procedure confirmed the complete exclusion of the pseudoaneurysm.

  16. Triple coronary artery bypass graft in a 10-year-old child with familial hypercholesterolemia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mohammad Hassan Nemati; Behrooz Astaneh; Afshad Joubeh

    2009-01-01

    Familial hypercholesterolemia is a genetic disorder caused by a mutation in the low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor gene.\\u000a The homozygous type of the disease is rare and causes tendon xanthomas and coronary artery disease during the early years\\u000a of life. Herein we present a 10-year-old child with familial hypercholesterolemia who had three-vessel disease and was a candidate\\u000a for liver transplantation.

  17. Rare case-series of electrocautery burn following off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting

    PubMed Central

    Sabzi, Feridoun; Niazi, Mojtaba; Ahmadi, Alireza

    2014-01-01

    Abstract: With an increasing number of off-pump coronary artery surgery procedures in high-risk patients with coagulopathy, including renal failure, hepatic failure and anticoagulant drug-using patients, the frequency of related complications such as repeated exploration for bleeding is also increasing. The associated co-morbidity and repeated use of electrocautery in postoperative bleeding leaves patients susceptible to electrocautery ulcers. In this case series, rare cases of cautery burn with unique causative mechanisms are described. PMID:23669602

  18. Aspects of psychological and social morbidity in patients awaiting coronary artery bypass grafting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M J Underwood; R K Firmin; D Jehu

    1993-01-01

    OBJECTIVES--To assess anxiety, depression, and social adjustment in patients awaiting coronary artery bypass surgery. DESIGN--Patient completed questionnaire study. SETTING--Regional cardiothoracic centre. PATIENTS--109 questionnaires were sent to patients on the waiting list of two cardiothoracic surgeons. Sixty eight (62%) were returned and 15 (22%) of the respondents were women. There was no difference in the response rates for men (53\\/84) 63%

  19. Sudden cardiac death after coronary artery bypass grafting is not predicted by signal-averaged ECG

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christoph Scharf; Hermann Redecker; Firat Duru; Reto Candinas; Hans Peter Brunner-La Rocca; Andreas Gerber; Osmund Bertel; Marko I Turina; Wolfgang Kiowski

    2001-01-01

    Background. Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a major cause of death despite successful revascularization in patients with coronary artery disease. The signal-averaged ECG (SAECG) is a sensitive predictor of SCD and could be used in the screening strategy to select patients for prophylactic cardioverter implantation.Methods. The SAECG was recorded in 561 patients (mean age: 60 ± 8.8 years) within 10

  20. Changes in Body Mass Index and Late Postoperative Outcomes in Elderly Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Patients: A Follow-up Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rose Ann DiMaria-Ghalili

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to describe the extent to which late postoperative health outcomes vary as a function of change in body mass index (BMI) in persons 65 years of age undergoing elective coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The mean age of the 90 persons in the original sample was 72.27 (±4.85) years. At follow-up (x = 18.73,s

  1. Early quantitative coronary angiography of saphenous vein grafts for coronary artery bypass grafting harvested by means of open versus endoscopic saphenectomy: a prospective randomized trial

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. P Perrault; H Jeanmart; L Bilodeau; J Lespérance; J.-F Tanguay; D Bouchard; P Pagé; M Carrier

    2004-01-01

    ObjectiveEndoscopic saphenectomy is associated with a decreased incidence of wound complications without an increase in histologic trauma or endothelial dysfunction in published reports. Concern remains about the patency of saphenous vein grafts harvested endoscopically and the development of early intimal hyperplasia. The purpose of this study was to compare early quantitative coronary analysis of saphenous vein grafts used for coronary

  2. Swirling flow created in a glass tube suppressed platelet adhesion to the surface of the tube: its implication in the design of small-caliber arterial grafts.

    PubMed

    Zhan, Fan; Fan, Yubo; Deng, Xiaoyan

    2010-05-01

    To test the hypothesis that intentionally inducing swirling blood flow in a small-caliber arterial graft can suppress acute thrombus formation by affecting the adhesion of platelets to the internal surface of the graft, an experimental comparative study was designed to investigate the effect of swirling flow on the adhesion and activation of platelets in a straight glass tube coated with calf skin type I collagen. The experimental results showed that when compared with the normal flow, the swirling flow generated in the test tube significantly reduced the platelet adhesion to the surface of the test tube. Different from normal flow condition under which platelet adhesion increased simply with decreasing wall shear stress, the platelet adhesion density under swirling flow condition remained almost unchanged along the first 5 mm section of the tube in which the flow had relatively high rotation strength, even though the wall shear stress in this section of the tube dropped drastically. This suggests that when the swirling flow in the tube was strong enough, platelet adhesion was dominantly affected by the swirling flow itself, wall shear stress was secondary. The results also showed that there was no significant difference in the activation of platelets between the spiral flow group and the normal flow group. The present study therefore suggests that intentionally introducing swirling flow in small-caliber arterial grafts has no adverse effect on platelet activation and may indeed be a solution to improving the patency of the grafts by suppressing acute thrombus formation. PMID:19304314

  3. Level of perioperative B-type natriuretic peptide associates with heart function after on-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery on a beating heart

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Baocai; Cheng, Zhaoyun; Ge, Zhenwei; Peng, Bangtian; Zhao, Ziniu; Quan, Xiaoqiang

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To explore the relationship of the perioperative B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) level with heart function among patients undergoing on-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery on a beating heart. Methods: Total 90 patients expected to undergo coronary artery bypass graft surgery were selected and their left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) were examined before operation. Patients with LVEF greater than or equal to 50% were selected as the A group (n=46), and those less than 50% formed the B group (n=44). BNP levels of the patients were examined and its relationship with cardiac function was analyzed. Results: BNP levels of group A was lower than that in group B pre-and post-operatively (until 7 days after the surgery), the difference is statistically significant (p<0.05). Pearson analysis showed that the BNP level was negatively correlated with the LVEF (r = 0.767, p< 0.05). The area under the Roc curve is 0.865. Conclusion: BNP level was negatively correlated with the LVEF. Perioperative BNP level can be used as the prediction for heart function of patients with on-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery on a beating heart.

  4. Uncultured undifferentiated adipose-derived nucleated cell fractions combined with inside-out artery graft accelerate sciatic nerve regeneration and functional recovery.

    PubMed

    Mohammadi, R; Asadollahi, A; Amini, K

    2014-09-01

    Effects of transplantation of adipose-derived nucleated cell fractions (ADNCs) on sciatic nerve regeneration were studied. A 10-mm sciatic nerve defect was bridged using artery graft filled with ADNCs. In control group, artery graft was filled with saline alone. Regenerated nerve fibres were studied for 12 weeks. In sham-operated group, sciatic nerve was only exposed and manipulated. Behavioural and functional studies confirmed faster recovery of regenerated axons in ADNCs transplanted animals than in control group (P<0.05). At the end of study period, animals in ADNCs transplanted group achieved a sciatic functional index (SFI) value of -31.6 ± -3.14, whereas in control group a value of -42.5 ± -3.7 was found. Gastrocnemius muscle mass in ADNCs transplanted animals was found to be significantly higher than that in control group (P=0.001). Morphometric indices of regenerated fibres showed the number and diameter of myelinated fibres to be significantly higher in ADNCs transplanted animals than in control group (P=0.001). On immunohistochemistry, there was more positive staining of S100 in the ADNCs transplanted animals than in control group. ADNCs transplantation into an artery graft could be considered a readily accessible technique that improves functional recovery of sciatic nerve. PMID:24951175

  5. Delay in admission for elective coronary-artery bypass grafting is associated with increased in-hospital mortality

    PubMed Central

    Sobolev, Boris G; Fradet, Guy; Hayden, Robert; Kuramoto, Lisa; Levy, Adrian R; FitzGerald, Mark J

    2008-01-01

    Background Many health care systems now use priority wait lists for scheduling elective coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery, but there have not yet been any direct estimates of reductions in in-hospital mortality rate afforded by ensuring that the operation is performed within recommended time periods. Methods We used a population-based registry to identify patients with established coronary artery disease who underwent isolated CABG in British Columbia, Canada. We studied whether postoperative survival during hospital admission for CABG differed significantly among patients who waited for surgery longer than the recommended time, 6 weeks for patients needing semi-urgent surgery and 12 weeks for those needing non-urgent surgery. Results Among 7316 patients who underwent CABG, 97 died during the same hospital admission, for a province-wide death rate at discharge of 1.3%. The observed proportion of patients who died during the same admission was 1.0% (27 deaths among 2675 patients) for patients treated within the recommended time and 1.5% (70 among 4641) for whom CABG was delayed. After adjustment for age, sex, anatomy, comorbidity, calendar period, hospital, and mode of admission, patients with early CABG were only 2/3 as likely as those for whom CABG was delayed to experience in-hospital death (odds ratio 0.61; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.39 to 0.96). There was a linear trend of 5% increase in the odds of in-hospital death for every additional month of delay before surgery, adjusted OR = 1.05 (95% CI 1.00 to 1.11). Conclusion We found a significant survival benefit from performing surgical revascularization within the time deemed acceptable to consultant surgeons for patients requiring the treatment on a semi-urgent or non-urgent basis. PMID:18803823

  6. Noninvasive testing of cerebral perfusion reserve prior to coronary artery bypass graft surgery

    SciTech Connect

    Levine, R.L.; Lagreze, H.L.; Berkoff, H.A.; Turnipseed, W.D.; Hanson, J.M.; Sunderland, J.J.; Nickles, R.J.; Rowe, B.R.

    1988-05-01

    Cerebral perfusion reserve testing using fluorine-18-fluoromethane and positron emission tomographic brain scanning to define cerebral blood flow abnormalities was performed in 5 patients being considered for combined coronary and carotid reconstructive surgery. Blood flow testing during normocapnia and following hypercapnia was utilized in these patients to determine the hemodynamic significance of known extracranial carotid artery occlusive lesions. Reserve diminution in 2 of these patients prompted combined surgery, whereas normal reserve values in the other 3 prompted coronary surgery alone. Results obtained in this preliminary series show how preoperative noninvasive testing of cerebral perfusion reserve adds to the diagnostic evaluation of patients with widespread vascular disease.

  7. Incidental moderate mitral regurgitation in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting: update on guidelines and key randomized trials.

    PubMed

    Ramakrishna, Harish; Ghadimi, Kamrouz; Augoustides, John G T

    2014-02-01

    Incidental moderate mitral regurgitation (MR) in patients presenting for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is not only common but also probably adversely affects clinical outcome. The echocardiographic evaluation of incidental MR must be comprehensive and integrated, as it remains a cornerstone in management decisions. Current guidelines support surgical mitral intervention in this setting as a reasonable option, reflecting clinical equipoise towards moderate MR in the setting of planned CABG. There are currently 2 major randomized trials in progress that will test whether surgical correction of moderate MR combined with CABG improves major clinical outcomes as compared to CABG alone. These landmark trials will be completed in the near future. In the interim, significant progress in the fields of cardiac resynchronization therapy, transcatheter mitral valve intervention, and minimally invasive mitral valve surgery promise to affect the management alternatives for moderate MR in patients undergoing CABG regardless of operative risk. It is likely that in the coming decade there will be less tolerance for incidental moderate MR given its already known outcome effects and the multimodal interventions that continue to mature with better safety profiles. PMID:24440010

  8. Cooling device for bradycardia based on Peltier element for accurate anastomosis of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting.

    PubMed

    Kuniyoshi, Yukio; Koja, Kageharu; Miyagi, Kazufumi; Shimoji, Mituyoshi; Uezu, Tooru; Arakaki, Katuya; Yamashiro, Satoshi; Mabuni, Katuhito; Senaha, Shigenobu

    2002-10-01

    Upon introducing off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), the indications for CABG were expanded to include patients who previously had no operative indications. For accurate anastomosis, various devices and methods have been developed. Bradycardia is easily induced by drug administration. However, this method of achieving bradycardia also has adverse effects on cardiac function. We have developed a new device to decrease the heart rate by regional cooling of the sino-atrial node. The new device is incorporated with Peltier's element, which uses an electric charge to create a temperature gradient on both of its surfaces. In terms of the cooling ability of this device, its cooling surface is chilled from 25 degrees C to 0 degrees C within 30 s. During in vivo animal experiments, this device has been shown to decrease the myocardial temperature around the sino-atrial node to 15 degrees C and suppress sino-atrial node activity, resulting in bradycardia to 60 beats/min level. In summary, the simple and easily applicable device for local cooling in combination with the application of diltiazem for effective heart rate reduction may be very helpful for the surgeon and may avoid disadvantages for critically ill patients. PMID:12296920

  9. First implantation of Gore Hybrid Vascular Graft in the right vertebral artery for cerebral debranching in a patient with Loeys-Dietz syndrome.

    PubMed

    Wipper, Sabine; Ahlbrecht, Oliver; Kölbel, Tito; Pflugradt, Axel; von Kodolitsch, Yskert; Debus, E Sebastian

    2015-03-01

    A 53-year-old woman with Loeys-Dietz syndrome developed progressive subclavian artery aneurysm and common carotid artery dissection. She was treated successfully by plugging and coiling of the subclavian aneurysm and its side branches after combined cervical debranching using standard carotid-axillary bypass and Gore Hybrid Vascular Graft for vertebral revascularization. Follow-up control (4 weeks) documented patent debranching, and only minimal residual flow in the subclavian aneurysm. The described off-label use for sutureless cerebral revascularisation of the vertebral artery might be a fast, simple, and reliable solution for cervical debranching in selective challenging patients. Further studies are necessary to evaluate side effects and durability. PMID:24239520

  10. Hemodynamic Responses to Two Different Anesthesia Regimens in Compromised Left Ventricular Function Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery: Etomidate-Midazolam Versus Propofol-Ketamine

    PubMed Central

    Aghdaii, Nahid; Ziyaeifard, Mohsen; Faritus, Seyedeh Zahra; Azarfarin, Rasoul

    2015-01-01

    Background: Various methods have been suggested to prevent hemodynamic instability caused by propofol and adverse effects caused by etomidate induction. The current study evaluated hemodynamic effects of propofol-ketamine mixture in comparison to etomidate-midazolam mixture during anesthesia induction. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the hemodynamic effects of etomidate-midazolam by comparing it with propofol-ketamine for the induction of anesthesia in patients with left ventricular dysfunction undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Patients and Methods: One-hundred patients aged between 40 and 65 with coronary artery disease and low ejection fraction scheduled for elective coronary artery bypass surgery participated in this study. The patients were randomly allotted to one of the two groups to receive either propofol-ketamine or etomidate-midazolam combination. Two groups were compared for pain on injection and myoclonus, Heart Rate (HR), Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP), Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP), Mean Arterial Pressure (MAP), Cardiac Index (CI) and Systemic Vascular Resistance (SVR), before and one minute after induction of anesthesia, and one, three and five minutes after intubation. Results: Incidence of pain on injection (2 - 4%) and myoclonus (10%) was less in both groups. The hemodynamic response was similar in the two groups for all variables over the time interval, except for CI at one and three minutes after intubation (P = 0.024 and P = 0.048, respectively), and SVR in five minutes after intubation (P = 0.009), with differences being statistically significant. Conclusions: Both anesthetic regimens were acceptable for induction in patients with coronary artery disease and left ventricular dysfunction undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

  11. [Anesthetic management for robot assisted off-pump construction of composite graft using the da Vinci surgical system].

    PubMed

    Takanashi, Yoko; Hamano, Hiroko; Miyata, Kazuto; Matsumoto, Shouhei; Isshiki, Atushi

    2010-02-01

    Robot-assisted minimally invasive surgery has become common in recent years. We used the da Vinci surgical system and managed anesthesia in 6 cases of bilateral internal mammary artery dissection and construction of a composite graft using the radial artery. To ensure vision inside the thoracic cavity, endoscopic robotic surgery employs the inflation of the thoracic cavity with carbon dioxide, producing a pneumothorax and turning the thoracic cavity into a positive pressure chamber. Thus, marked acidosis and circulatory changes manifest during anesthetic management. Although robotic surgery is considered "minimally invasive, such surgery involves a number of problems in terms of anesthetic management, and these problems must be examined. PMID:20169956

  12. Modifiable risk factors remain significant causes of medium term mortality after first time Coronary artery bypass grafting

    PubMed Central

    Kunadian, Babu; Dunning, Joel; Millner, Russell WJ

    2007-01-01

    Background Whilst there is much current data on early outcomes after Coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG), there is relatively little data on medium term outcomes in the current era. The purpose of this study is to present a single surgeon series comprising of all first time CABG patients operated on with the technique of cross clamp fibrillation from Feb-1996 to through to Jan-2003, and to seek risk factors for medium term mortality in these patients. Methods Data was collected from Hospital Episode Statistics and departmental patient administration and tracking systems and cross checked using database techniques. Patient outcomes were searched using the National Health Service strategic tracing service. Results Mean follow up was 5.3 years(0–9.4 years) and was complete for all patients. 30-day survival was 98.4%, 1-year survival 95% and 8-year survival 79%. Cox-regression analysis revealed that several modifiable pre-operative risk factors remain significant predictors of medium term mortality, including Diabetes(Hazard Ratio(HR) 1.73, 95%CI 1.21–2.45), Chromic obstructive pulmonary disease(HR 2.02, 95%CI 1.09–3.72), Peripheral vascular disease(HR 1.68, 95%CI 1.13–2.5), Body mass index>30(HR 1.54, 95%CI 1.08–2.20) and current smoker at operation(HR 1.67, 95%CI 1.03–2.72). However hypertension(HR 1.31, 95%CI 0.95–1.82) and Hypercholestrolaemia(HR 0.81, 95%CI 0.58–1.13) were not predictive which may reflect adequate post-operative control. Conclusion Coronary artery bypass surgery using cross clamp fibrillation is associated with a very low operative mortality. Medium term survival is also good but risk factors such as smoking at operation, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, obesity and diabetes negatively impact this survival and should be aggressively treated in the years post-surgery. PMID:18053186

  13. Prognostic value of myocardial perfusion abnormalities for long-term prognosis in patients after coronary artery bypass grafting

    PubMed Central

    Milvidaite, Irena; Kulakiene, Ilona; Vencloviene, Jone; Kinduris, Sarunas; Jurkiene, Nemira; Grizas, Vytautas; Navickas, Ramunas; Slapikas, Rimvydas

    2014-01-01

    Aims: The objective was to evaluate the prognostic value of exercise myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) in patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Subjects and Methods: A retrospective, one-center study of 361 patients with multivessel coronary artery disease was carried out. All the patients underwent MPS after CABG due to worsened health status. MPS was performed at 4.5 years standard deviation (SD: 0.2), based on symptoms. MPS was carried out using Tc-99m methoxy isobutyl isonitrile and following a 1-day protocol (stress-rest). The end points were analyzed at 6.5 years (SD: 3.3) after MPS, on the average. Statistical Analysis Used: SPSS software for Windows, version 13.0. The t-test or the ?2-test was used. Survival times were calculated. A multivariate Cox proportional hazards model was developed. Results: During the follow-up, death occurred in 54 patients, and 37 patients experienced major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE). In the multivariate analysis, advanced age hazard ratio (HR: 1.45; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.4–2.02; P = 0.027), previous myocardial infarction (HR: 3.17; 95% CI: 1.22–8.2; P = 0.018), left ventricular ejection fraction of <40% (HR: 2.16; 95% CI: 1.2–3.89; P = 0.01), and the summed stress score (SSS) of ?4 (HR: 1.87; 95% CI: 1.02–3.41; P = 0.04) were independent predictors of all-cause death. The summed difference score (SDS) was the only independent predictor of MACE (HR: 1.26; 95% CI: 1.06–1.48; P = 0.034). Conclusions: The parameters of MPS were found to have prognostic value in the long-term period after CABG. Advanced age, previous myocardial infarction, decreased left ventricular ejection fraction, and the abnormal SSS were associated with an increased risk of all-cause death. The SDS was found to be the only significant risk factor for MACE. PMID:25400360

  14. Preoperative calculation of risk for prolonged intensive care unit stay following coronary artery bypass grafting

    PubMed Central

    Ghotkar, Sanjay V; Grayson, Antony D; Fabri, Brian M; Dihmis, Walid C; Pullan, D Mark

    2006-01-01

    Objective Patients who have prolonged stay in intensive care unit (ICU) are associated with adverse outcomes. Such patients have cost implications and can lead to shortage of ICU beds. We aimed to develop a preoperative risk prediction tool for prolonged ICU stay following coronary artery surgery (CABG). Methods 5,186 patients who underwent CABG between 1st April 1997 and 31st March 2002 were analysed in a development dataset. Logistic regression was used with forward stepwise technique to identify preoperative risk factors for prolonged ICU stay; defined as patients staying longer than 3 days on ICU. Variables examined included presentation history, co-morbidities, catheter and demographic details. The use of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) was also recorded. The prediction tool was tested on validation dataset (1197 CABG patients between 1st April 2003 and 31st March 2004). The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was calculated to assess the performance of the prediction tool. Results 475(9.2%) patients had a prolonged ICU stay in the development dataset. Variables identified as risk factors for a prolonged ICU stay included renal dysfunction, unstable angina, poor ejection fraction, peripheral vascular disease, obesity, increasing age, smoking, diabetes, priority, hypercholesterolaemia, hypertension, and use of CPB. In the validation dataset, 8.1% patients had a prolonged ICU stay compared to 8.7% expected. The ROC curve for the development and validation datasets was 0.72 and 0.74 respectively. Conclusion A prediction tool has been developed which is reliable and valid. The tool is being piloted at our institution to aid resource management. PMID:16737548

  15. Hand Grip Strength and Myocardial Oxygen Consumption Index among Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Patients

    PubMed Central

    Sokran, Siti Nur Baait Biniti Mohd; Mohan, Vikram; Kamaruddin, Kamaria; Sulaiman, Mohd Daud; Awang, Yahya; Othman, Ida Rosmini Binti; Victor, Smiley Jesu Priya

    2015-01-01

    Background Hand grip strength (HGS) is a reliable indicator of peripheral muscle strength. Although, numerous studies have investigated the strength of hand grip; little attention has been given to coronary artery disease (CAD) patients, exploring the relationship between HGS and myocardial oxygen consumption (MVO2) index. The current study aimed to evaluate the interaction between HGS and MVO2 index findings before and after cardiac surgery. Methods Twenty-seven patients with CAD had HGS were assessed using handheld dynamometer. HGS for each hand were documented. MVO2 index was assessed using rate pressure product (RPP), which is the product of the heart rate (HR) and systolic blood pressure (SBP). Repeated measures MANOVA were carried out to estimate the interaction between both hands HGS and MVO2 index before and after surgery. Results There was significant interactions (P<0.001) for both HGS dominant and non-dominant with large effect sizes (HGS dominant×MVO2 index: hp2=0.44; HGS dominant×RPP: hp2=0.49). This signifies that peripheral muscle strength of the upper limb (HGS dominant and non-dominant) had different effects on MVO2 index before and after surgery. The interaction graph shows that the increase in MVO2 index after surgery was significantly greater for peripheral muscle strength of the dominant hand when compared to non-dominant.  Conclusion Patients with CAD had interactions between HGS and oxygen consumption before and after surgery. Hence, HGS might be used as a predictor to assess oxygen consumption among cardiac patients.

  16. Poor Sleep Quality in Patients after Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery: An Intervention Study Using the PRECEDE-PROCEED Model

    PubMed Central

    Ranjbaran, Soheila; Dehdari, Tahereh; Sadeghniiat-Haghighi, Khosro; Majdabadi, Mahmood Mahmoodi

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Background: Poor sleep quality (SQ) is common among patients after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). This study attempted to determine the status of SQ following an intervention based on the PRECEDE-PROCEED model in patients with poor SQ after CABG. Methods: This study was a randomized clinical trial. The study sample, including 100 patients referred to the Cardiac Rehabilitation Clinic of Tehran Heart Center, was assigned either to the intervention (recipient of exercise and lifestyle training plus designed intervention based on the PRECEDE-PROCEED model) or to the control group (recipient of exercise and lifestyle training). Eight training sessions over 8 weeks were conducted for the intervention group. Predisposing, enabling, and reinforcing factors as well as social support and SQ were measured in the intervention group before and one month after the intervention and compared to those in the control group at the same time points. Results: The mean age of the patients in the intervention (24% women) and control (24% women) groups was 59.3 ± 7.3 and 59.5 ± 9.3 years, respectively. The results showed that the mean scores of SQ (p value < 0.001), knowledge (p value < 0.001), beliefs (p value < 0.001), sleep self-efficacy (p value < 0.001), enabling factors (p value < 0.001), reinforcing factors (p value < 0.001), and social support (p value < 0.001) were significantly different between the intervention and control groups after the intervention. Conclusion: Adding an intervention based on the PRECEDE-PROCEED model to the cardiac rehabilitation program may further improve the SQ of patients.

  17. Numerical investigation of haemodynamics in a helical-type artery bypass graft using non-Newtonian multiphase model.

    PubMed

    Wen, Jun; Liu, Kai; Khoshmanesh, Khashayar; Jiang, Wentao; Zheng, Tinghui

    2015-01-01

    The classic single-phase Newtonian blood flow model ignores the motion of red blood cells (RBCs) and their interaction with plasma. To address these issues, we adopted a multiphase non-Newtonian model to carry out a comparative study between a helical artery bypass graft (ABG) and a conventional ABG in which the blood flow is composed of plasma and RBCs. The investigation focused on the mechanism of RBC buildup in an ABG but the haemodynamic parameters obtained by single-phase and multiphase models were also compared. The aggregation of RBCs along the inside wall of a conventional ABG and at the heel of its distal anastomosis was predicted while a poor aggregation was observed along the helical ABG. In addition, RBCs were observed to gradually sediment along the gravity direction. However, the computed haemodynamic parameters by multiphase model qualitatively agreed well with those by single-phase model. It was concluded that (1) the single-phase computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is reasonable to do the computation of haemodynamic parameters in ABGs; (2) secondary flow does not definitely produce buildup of RBCs in the inside curvature, its configuration played an important role in the movement of RBCs and the dominating one-way rotating flow in a helical ABG guaranteed no buildup of RBCs on its inside wall and (3) gravity direction is important for the movement of RBCs which may help to explain why doing exercise is good for human health. This study helps to shed light on the migration of RBCs in ABGs, which cannot be explored by single-phase CFD models, and provides more understanding of the underlying flow mechanism for ABG failure. PMID:24156553

  18. Comparing the Effects of Morphine Sulfate and Diclofenac Suppositories on Postoperative Pain in Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Patients

    PubMed Central

    Imantalab, Vali; Mirmansouri, Ali; Sedighinejad, Abbas; Naderi Nabi, Bahram; Farzi, Farnoush; Atamanesh, Hadi; Nassiri, Nassir

    2014-01-01

    Background: Simple and efficient way of pain management after Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) surgery is an important aspect of patients' care. Objectives: This study aimed to compare the effects of morphine and diclofenac suppositories on postoperative pain management. Patients and Methods: In this double-blinded clinical trial study, 120 patients aged 30-65 years old, undergone CABG, were equally divided into two groups of A (morphine) and B (diclofenac). All patients were anesthetized with intravenous fentanyl 10 ?g/kg, etomidate 0.2 mg/kg and cisatracurium 0.2 mg/kg. Anesthesia was maintained with oxygen 50% and air 50%, propofol 50 ?g/kg/min, fentanyl 1-2 ?g/kg/h and atracurium 0.6 mg/kg/h. Analgesics were administered after the operation at intensive care unit (ICU) and Visual Analogue Score (VAS) was evaluated in both groups in 4-hour intervals after extubation for 24 hours. After extubation in case of VAS > 3, morphine suppository 10 mg (group A) or diclofenac suppository 50 mg (group B) was administered for patients. Results: No significant statistical relationship was found between the two groups regarding gender, age, BMI, paracetamol consumption, length of operation time, cardiopulmonary bypass pump (CPB) time, and stay time at ICU (P Value ? 0.05). Total dosage of used morphine was 22 ± 8.3 mg in each patient and total dosage of used diclofenac was 94 ± 32.01 mg. Average variation of VAS at measured intervals was significant (P Value ? 0.0001), but these variations were not significantly different when comparing the two groups (P Value = 0.023). Conclusions: Both morphine and diclofenac suppositories reduced pain significantly and similarly after CABG surgery. PMID:25346897

  19. The effect of postoperative positive end-expiratory pressure on postoperative bleeding after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting

    PubMed Central

    Salihoglu, Ece; Celik, Sezai; Ugurlucan, Murat; Caglar, Ilker Murat; Turhan-Caglar, Fatma Nihan; Isik, Omer

    2014-01-01

    Introduction To compare postoperative prophylactic use of two positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) levels in order to prevent postoperative bleeding in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. Material and methods Sixty patients undergoing an elective off-pump CABG operation were included in this prospective, nonrandomized clinical trial. Patients were divided into two groups as receiving either 5 cm H2O (group 1) or 8 cm H2O PEEP (group 2) after the operation until being extubated. Chest tube outputs, use of blood products and other fluids, postoperative hemoglobin levels, accumulation of pleural and pericardial fluid after the removal of chest tubes, and duration of hospital stay were recorded and compared. Results Low- and high-pressure PEEP groups did not differ with regard to postoperative chest tube outputs, amounts of transfusions and crystalloid/colloid infusion requirements, or postoperative hemoglobin levels. However, low-pressure PEEP application was associated with significantly higher pleural (92 ±37 ml vs. 69 ±29 ml, p = 0.03) and pericardial fluid (17 ±5 ml vs. 14 ±6 ml, p = 0.04) accumulation. On the other hand, high-pressure PEEP application was associated with significantly longer duration of hospitalization (6.25 ±1.21 days vs. 5.25 ±0.91 days, p = 0.03). Conclusions Prophylactic administration of postoperative PEEP levels of 8 cm H2O, although safe, does not seem to reduce chest-tube output or transfusion requirements in off-pump CABG when compared to the lower level of PEEP. Further studies with larger sample sizes are warranted to confirm the benefits and identify ideal levels of PEEP administration in this group of patients. PMID:25395944

  20. Food pattern and quality of life in metabolic syndrome patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting in Taiwan.

    PubMed

    Tung, Heng-Hsin; Tseng, Li-Hua; Wei, Jeng; Lin, Cheng-Hsin; Wang, Tsae-Jyy; Liang, Shu-Yuan

    2011-12-01

    Metabolic syndrome is associated with poor operative outcomes of coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG). A healthy food pattern for metabolic syndrome patients is necessary not only in the initial stage to prevent cardiovascular disease but for those who experience cardiovascular problems and undergo heart surgery. Empirical studies that explore food pattern and quality of life metabolic syndrome patients who undergo CABG are lacking. Therefore, the objectives of this study are to explore the food pattern and quality of life of metabolic syndrome patients who undergo CABG and to examine the relationship between these two variables. A descriptive, correlational and cross section design was conducted. Through convenience sampling, 104 patients were recruited. Data were collected through three instruments: a demographic questionnaire; the Chinese Food Frequency Questionnaire-Short Form (Short C-FFQ), used to assess food pattern; and the Taiwanese version of the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36-Health Survey (SF-36), used to assess quality of life. Descriptive analysis, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Pearson correlation were used to analyze the data. The results indicated that patients who ate fruit more frequently tended to have a better quality of life, while the intake of fried food was more frequently associated with a poor quality of life. The use of these data gives the health care provider a better understanding of food pattern and their impact on quality of life in this population. Such an understanding can be used to develop targeted interventions to promote health in this and in other populations. PMID:20609630

  1. Pleural subxyphoid drain confers better pulmonary function and clinical outcomes in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting: a randomized controlled trial

    PubMed Central

    Guizilini, Solange; Viceconte, Marcela; Esperança, Gabriel Tavares da M.; Bolzan, Douglas W.; Vidotto, Milena; Moreira, Rita Simone L; Câncio, Andréia Azevedo; Gomes, Walter J

    2014-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the lung function and clinical outcome in severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting with left internal thoracic artery graft, comparing the pleural drain insertion in the intercostal versus subxyphoid region. Methods A randomized controlled trial. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients were randomized into two groups according pleural drain site: II group (n=27) - pleural drain in intercostal space; SI group (n=29) - pleural drain in the subxyphoid region. Spirometry values (Forced Vital Capacity - and Forced expiratory volume in 1 second) were obtained on preoperative and 1, 3 and 5 postoperative days. Chest x-ray from preoperative until postoperative day 5 (POD5) was performed for monitoring respiratory events, such as atelectasis and pleural effusion. Pulmonary shunt fraction and pain score was evaluate preoperatively and on postoperative day 1. Results In both groups there was a significant decrease of the spirometry values (Forced Vital Capacity and Forced expiratory volume in 1 second) until POD5 (P<0.05). However, when compared, SI group presented less decrease in these parameters (P<0.05). Pulmonary shunt fraction was significantly lower in SI group (P<0.05). Respiratory events, pain score, orotracheal intubation time and postoperative length of hospital stay were lower in the SI group (P<0.05). Conclusion Subxyphoid pleural drainage in severe Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients determined better preservation and recovery of pulmonary capacity and volumes with lower pulmonary shunt fraction and better clinical outcomes on early postoperative off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. PMID:25714214

  2. High Postoperative Serum Cortisol Level Is Associated with Increased Risk of Cognitive Dysfunction Early after Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery: A Prospective Cohort Study

    PubMed Central

    Mu, Dong-Liang; Li, Li-Huan; Wang, Dong-Xin; Li, Nan; Shan, Guo-Jin; Li, Jun; Yu, Qin-Jun; Shi, Chun-Xia

    2013-01-01

    Context Stress response induced by surgery is proposed to play an important role in the pathogenesis of postoperative cognitive dysfunction. Objective To investigate the association between postoperative serum cortisol level and occurrence of cognitive dysfunction early after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Design Prospective cohort study. Setting Two teaching hospitals. Patients One hundred and sixth-six adult patients who were referred to elective coronary artery bypass graft surgery from March 2008 to December 2009. Intervention None. Main Outcome Measures Neuropsychological tests were completed one day before and seven days after surgery. Cognitive dysfunction was defined using the same definition as used in the ISPOCD1-study. Blood samples were obtained in the first postoperative morning for measurement of serum cortisol concentration. Multivariate Logistic regression analyses were performed to assess the relationship between serum cortisol level and occurrence of postoperative cognitive dysfunction. Results Cognitive dysfunction occurred in 39.8% (66 of 166) of patients seven days after surgery. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that high serum cortisol level was significantly associated with the occurrence of postoperative cognitive dysfunction (odds ratio [OR] 2.603, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.371-4.944, P = 0.003). Other independent predictors of early postoperative cognitive dysfunction included high preoperative New York Heart Association functional class (OR 0.402, 95% CI 0.207-0.782, P = 0.007), poor preoperative Grooved Pegboard test score of nondominant hand (OR 1.022, 95% CI 1.003-1.040, P = 0.020), use of penehyclidine as premedication (OR 2.565, 95% CI 1.109-5.933, P = 0.028), and occurrence of complications within seven days after surgery (OR 2.677, 95% CI 1.201-5.963, P = 0.016). Conclusions High serum cortisol level in the first postoperative morning was associated with increased risk of cognitive dysfunction seven days after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. PMID:24143249

  3. Significance and management of early graft failure after coronary artery bypass grafting Feasibility and results of acute angiography and re-re-vascularization 1

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christian Rasmussen; Jens Juel Thiis; Peter Clemmensen; Fritz Efsen; Henrik C. Arendrup; Kari Saunamaki; Jan Kyst Madsen

    Perioperative ischaemia and infarction after CABG are associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Objecti7e: To study causes of perioperative ischaemia and infarction by acute re-angiography and to treat incomplete re-vascularization caused by graft failure or any other cause. Methods: Between 1990 and 1995, 2003 patients underwent an isolated CABG operation. Myocardial ischaemia was suspected if one or more of the

  4. Potential Effect of L-Carnitine on the Prevention of Myocardial Injury after Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Dastan, Farzaneh; Hajhossein Talasaz, Azita; Mojtahedzadeh, Mojtaba; Karimi, Abbasali; Salehiomran, Abbas; Bina, Payvand; Jalali, Arash; Aghaie, Zahra

    2015-01-01

    Background: L-carnitine has been demonstrated to confer cardiac protection against ischemia reperfusion injury in animals. This study evaluates the effects of L-carnitine administration on cardiac biomarkers after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Methods: One hundred thirty-four patients undergoing elective CABG surgery, without a history of myocardial ischemia or previous L-carnitine treatment, were enrolled and randomly assigned to an L-carnitine group ([n = 67], 3000 mg/d, started 2 days preoperatively and continued for 2 days after surgery) or a control group (n = 67). CK-MB (creatine kinase, muscle-brain subunits) and troponin T (TnT) levels were assessed in all the patients before surgery as baseline levels and at 8 and 24 hours postoperatively. Results: Our study included 134 patients (99 [73.8%] males) at a mean ± SD age of 59.94 ± 8.61 years who were candidates for CABG and randomized them into control or L-carnitine groups. The baseline demographic characteristics, including age (60.01 ± 9.23 in the L-carnitine group vs. 59.88 ± 7.98 in the control group) and sex (54 [80.6%] in the L-carnitine group vs. 45 [67.2%] in the control group) did not show any significant differences (p value=0.93 and 0.08, respectively). Patients in the L-carnitine group had lower levels of CK-MB (mean ± SD, 25.06 ± 20.29 in the L-carnitine group vs. 24.26 ± 14.61 in the control group), but the difference was not significant (p value = 0.28). TnT levels also showed no significant differences between the two groups (399.50 ± 378.91 in the L-carnitine group vs. 391.48 ± 222.02 in the control group; p value = 0.34). Conclusion: In this population of intermediate- to high-risk patients undergoing CABG surgery, L-carnitine did not reduce CK-MB and TnT levels.

  5. Significance of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting compared with percutaneous coronary intervention: a propensity score analysis

    PubMed Central

    Marui, Akira; Kimura, Takeshi; Tanaka, Shiro; Furukawa, Yutaka; Kita, Toru; Sakata, Ryuzo

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE Although there have been several studies that compared the efficacy of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), the impact of off-pump CABG (OPCAB) has not been well elucidated. The objective of the present study was to compare the outcomes after PCI, on-pump CABG (ONCAB), and OPCAB in patients with multivessel and/or left main disease. METHODS Among the 9877 patients undergoing first PCI using bare-metal stents or CABG who were enrolled in the CREDO-Kyoto Registry, 6327 patients with multivessel and/or left main disease were enrolled into the present study (67.9 ± 9.8 years old). Among them, 3877 patients received PCI, 1388 ONCAB, and 1069 OPCAB. Median follow-up was 3.5 years. RESULTS Comparing PCI with all CABG (ONCAB and OPCAB), propensity-score-adjusted all-cause mortality after PCI was higher than that CABG (hazard ratio (95% confidence interval): 1.37 (1.15–1.63), p < 0.01). The incidence of stroke was lower after PCI than that after CABG (0.75 (0.59–0.96), p = 0.02). CABG was associated with better survival outcomes than PCI in the elderly (interaction p = 0.04). Comparing OPCAB with PCI or ONCAB, propensity-score-adjusted all-cause mortality after PCI was higher than that after OPCAB (1.50 (1.20–1.86), p < 0.01). Adjusted mortality was similar between ONCAB and OPCAB (1.18 (0.93–1.51), p = 0.33). The incidence of stroke after OPCAB was similar to that after PCI (0.98 (0.71–1.34), p > 0.99), but incidence of stroke after ONCAB was higher than that after OPCAB (1.59 (1.16–2.18), p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS In patients with multivessel and/or left main disease, CABG, particularly OPCAB, is associated with better survival outcomes than PCI using bare-metal stents. Survival outcomes are similar between ONCAB and OPCAB. PMID:21676626

  6. Impact of admission serum glucose level on in-hospital outcomes following coronary artery bypass grafting surgery

    PubMed Central

    Imran, Syed Ali; Ransom, Thomas PP; Buth, Karen J; Clayton, Dale; Al-Shehri, Bandar; Ur, Ehud; Ali, Imtiaz S

    2010-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The impact of admission serum glucose (SG) level on outcomes in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery is unknown. The present study sought to determine whether elevated admission SG level is associated with adverse outcomes following CABG surgery. METHODS: Patients undergoing CABG surgery between January 2000 and December 2005 at a single centre were identified (n=2856). Admission SG levels of less than 9.2 mmol/L and 9.2 mmol/L or greater were chosen to divide patients into two groups based on the 75th percentile of SG distribution. A logistic regression model was generated to determine the impact of admission SG level on a composite outcome of any one or more of in-hospital mortality, stroke, perioperative myocardial infarction, sepsis, deep sternal wound infection, renal failure, requirement for postoperative inotropes and prolonged ventilation. RESULTS: In total, 76.3% of patients had an admission SG level of less than 9.2 mmol/L (group A) and 23.7% had an admission SG level of 9.2 mmol/L or greater (group B). Group B patients were more likely to be female, have diabetes, have preoperative renal failure, have an ejection fraction of less than 40%, experience myocardial infarction within 21 days before surgery, and have triple vessel or left main disease (P<0.05). Univariate analysis revealed no difference in in-hospital mortality between group A (2.2%) and group B (3.2%) (P=0.12); however, the composite outcome was more likely to occur in group B (40.8%) versus group A (27.9%) (P=0.0001). After multivariable adjustment, admission SG level of 9.2 mmol/L or greater remained an independent predictor of composite outcome (OR=1.3, 95% CI 1.0 to 1.7, P=0.02, receiver operating characteristic = 78%). CONCLUSION: Admission SG level of 9.2 mmol/L or greater is associated with significant morbidity in patients undergoing CABG surgery. PMID:20352135

  7. Performance of EuroSCORE in CABG and off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting: single institution experience and meta-analysis

    PubMed Central

    Parolari, Alessandro; Pesce, Lorenzo L.; Trezzi, Matteo; Loardi, Claudia; Kassem, Samer; Brambillasca, Claudio; Miguel, Bruno; Tremoli, Elena; Biglioli, Paolo; Alamanni, Francesco

    2009-01-01

    Aims To assess EuroSCORE performance in predicting in-hospital mortality in on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB). Methods and results Additive and logistic EuroSCORE were computed for consecutive patients undergoing CABG (n = 3440, 75%) or OPCAB (n = 1140, 25%) at our hospital from 1999 to September 2007. The areas under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves (AUCs) were used to describe performance and accuracy. No difference in performance between CABG and OPCAB and between additive and logistic EuroSCORE (additive EuroSCORE AUCs of 0.808 and 0.779 for CABG and OPCAB, respectively; logistic EuroSCORE AUCs of 0.813 and of 0.773 for CABG and OPCAB, respectively) was found, although a marked tendency to overpredict mortality by both models was evident. A meta-analysis of previously published data was done, and a total of eight studies representing 19 212 and 5461 patients undergoing CABG and OPCAB, respectively, met inclusion criteria. Meta-analysis confirmed similar performance of EuroSCORE in CABG and OPCAB: estimated AUCs were 0.767 and 0.766 for CABG and OPCAB, respectively, with an estimated difference of 0.001 (95% CI ?0.061 to 0.063). Conclusion Additive and logistic EuroSCORE algorithms performed similarly, and cumulative evidence suggests comparable performance in CABG and OPCAB procedures; both risk models, however, significantly overestimated mortality. PMID:19141560

  8. Use of the 1,2 intercompartmental supraretinacular artery as a vascularized pedicle bone graft for difficult scaphoid nonunion

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Scott P. Steinmann; Allen T. Bishop; Richard A. Berger

    2002-01-01

    Fourteen patients with established scaphoid nonunion were treated with vascularized pedicle bone grafting. All nonunions healed at a mean of 11.1 weeks (range, 8–16 weeks). Wrist motion was minimally affected by surgery. Intercarpal and scaphoid angles were improved after surgery, particularly in patients with preoperative humpback deformity who had previous interposition grafting. Outcome, based on a self-assessment questionnaire administered at

  9. Mammary uptake and excretion of prostanoids in relation to mammary blood flow and milk yield during pregnancy-lactation and somatotropin treatment in dairy goats

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. O. Nielsen; S. Nyborg; K. Jakobsen; I. R. Fleet; J. Nørgaard

    2004-01-01

    Mammary arterious ? venous differences (A ? V) and excretion into milk of four prostanoids were related to changes in milk yield and milk vein blood velocity (MBV) in goats at different stages of pregnancy and lactation, and during somatotropin (ST) treatment in mid-lactation. Arterial concentrations and mammary A ? V for the vasodilators prostacyclin (PGI2) and prostaglandin (PG) E2

  10. Profunda femoris as an access site vessel for a hybrid approach to the treatment of a para-anastomotic common iliac artery aneurysm and intermittent claudication, occurring after previous abdominal aortic thbe graft repair and femoro-femoral bypass graft. A case report.

    PubMed

    Megalopoulos, A; Vasiliadis, K; Chatzopoulos, S; Kotronis, A

    2009-01-01

    A true para-anastomotic right common iliac artery aneurysm and intermittent claudication developed in a 76-year-old man 5 years after open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair with a Dacron tube graft. Following the initial operation the patient developed acute left iliac occlusive disease necessitating an immediate right-to-left femoro-femoral crossover bypass graft. The patient was a poor open surgical candidate because of multiple medical comorbidities. Therefore, a hybrid approach was used consisting of exposure and catheterization of the right profunda femoris artery, which was used as the access site vessel for the deployment of a covered stent graft extending from the ostium of the common iliac artery into the external iliac artery. Simultaneously, the right profunda femoris provided inflow for an open above-knee profunda femoro-popliteal bypass graft to perfuse the right lower extremity. Postoperative angiography demonstrated primary technical success, with exclusion of the aneurysm and no endoleak. The patient is doing well 34 months postoperatively, with a patent endograft and no sign of intermittent claudication. Profunda femoris proved to be an excellent alternative to the common femoral artery for the application of a hybrid technique in a high-risk patient with complicated anatomy. PMID:20184072

  11. Short term outcomes of total arterial coronary revascularization in patients above 65 years: a propensity score analysis

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background Despite the advantages of bilateral mammary coronary revascularization, many surgeons are still restricting this technique to the young patients. The objective of this study is to demonstrate the safety and potential advantages of bilateral mammary coronary revascularization in patients older than 65 years. Methods Group I included 415 patients older than 65 years with exclusively bilateral mammary revascularization. Using a propensity score we selected 389 patients (group II) in whom coronary bypass operations were performed using the left internal mammary artery and the great saphenous vein. Results The incidence of postoperative stroke was higher in group II (1.5% vs. 0%, P = 0.0111). The amount of postoperative blood loss was higher in group I (908 ± 757 ml vs. 800 ± 713 ml, P = 0.0405). There were no other postoperative differences between both groups. Conclusion Bilateral internal mammary artery revascularization can be safely performed in patients older than 65 years. T-graft configuration without aortic anastomosis is particularly beneficial in this age group since it avoids aortic manipulation, which is an important risk factor for postoperative stroke. PMID:20398421

  12. The role of combined carotid endarterectomy and coronary artery bypass grafting in the era of carotid stenting in view of long-term results

    PubMed Central

    Levy, Eli; Yakubovitch, Dimtry; Rudis, Ehud; Anner, Haim; Landsberg, Giora; Berlatzky, Yaakov; Elami, Amir

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVES The management of concomitant coronary and carotid artery disease is still in evolution. The surgical options are staged approach—carotid endarterectomy (CEA), followed by coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or a reversed-staged approach, or combined approach—CEA and CABG under the same anaesthesia. In view of the percutaneous carotid artery stenting option, we have reviewed our short- and long-term experience with combined CEA and CABG to define the role of this procedure. METHODS From January 1992 to December 2006, we operated on 80 patients performing combined carotid endarterctomy and myocardial revascularization. Short- and long-term results were reviewed. RESULTS Operative mortality was 3.7%. Perioperative cerebrovascular accident (CVA) occurred in 2 patients (2.5%). Perioperative myocardial infarction (MI) occurred in 3 patients (3.7%). Combined complications of death + MI + CVA = 10%. During the mean follow-up of 10 ± 3.2 years (1–14 years), 6 patients (7.6%) had neurological events. Freedom from neurological events for 10 years was 92 ± 4%. Nearly 17 (21.5%) had cardiac events. The 5-year and 10-year survival rates were 74 ± 5 and 62 ± 6%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS Although the short-term results of the non-surgical carotid therapeutic alternative is similar to our surgical results, there are limitations to carotid artery stenting: the need for aggressive antiplatelets therapy, and the haemodynamic changes during the procedure that may be unacceptable for patients with unstable coronary artery disease. Therefore, there is still a role for concomitant surgical CEA and CABG to the results of which the other options should be compared. PMID:22968959

  13. Flow and wall shear stress in end-to-side and side-to-side anastomosis of venous coronary artery bypass grafts

    PubMed Central

    Frauenfelder, Thomas; Boutsianis, Evangelos; Schertler, Thomas; Husmann, Lars; Leschka, Sebastian; Poulikakos, Dimos; Marincek, Borut; Alkadhi, Hatem

    2007-01-01

    Purpose Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery represents the standard treatment of advanced coronary artery disease. Two major types of anastomosis exist to connect the graft to the coronary artery, i.e., by using an end-to-side or a side-to-side anastomosis. There is still controversy because of the differences in the patency rates of the two types of anastomosis. The purpose of this paper is to non-invasively quantify hemodynamic parameters, such as mass flow and wall shear stress (WSS), in end-to-side and side-to-side anastomoses of patients with CABG using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). Methods One patient with saphenous CABG and end-to-side anastomosis and one patient with saphenous CABG and side-to-side anastomosis underwent 16-detector row computed tomography (CT). Geometric models of coronary arteries and bypasses were reconstructed for CFD analysis. Blood flow was considered pulsatile, laminar, incompressible and Newtonian. Peri-anastomotic mass flow and WSS were quantified and flow patterns visualized. Results CFD analysis based on in-vivo CT coronary angiography data was feasible in both patients. For both types of CABG, flow patterns were characterized by a retrograde flow into the native coronary artery. WSS variations were found in both anastomoses types, with highest WSS values at the heel and lowest WSS values at the floor of the end-to-side anastomosis. In contrast, the highest WSS values of the side-to-side anastomosis configuration were found in stenotic vessel segments and not in the close vicinity of the anastomosis. Flow stagnation zones were found in end-to-side but not in side-to-side anastomosis, the latter also demonstrating a smoother stream division throughout the cardiac cycle. Conclusion CFD analysis of venous CABG based on in-vivo CT datasets in patients was feasible producing qualitative and quantitative information on mass flow and WSS. Differences were found between the two types of anastomosis warranting further systematic application of the presented methodology on multiple patient datasets. PMID:17897460

  14. A decade of change—risk profiles and outcomes for isolated coronary artery bypass grafting procedures, 1990–1999: a report from the STS National Database Committee and the Duke Clinical Research Institute

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. Bruce Ferguson; Bradley G Hammill; Eric D Peterson; Elizabeth R DeLong; Frederick L Grover

    2002-01-01

    Background. The Society of Thoracic Surgeons National Adult Cardiac Database is the largest voluntary clinical database in medicine. Using this database we examined changes in the risk profile of patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and their outcomes during the decade 1990 to 1999.Methods. Trends in 23 preoperative risk factors were tracked for CABG cases during this decade.

  15. Asymptomatic severe carotid stenosis undergoing staged carotid artery stent and coronary artery bypass grafting: decisive role of brain single photon emission computed tomography

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Min-Ho Song; Tomohiro Nakayama; Keisuke Hattori; Shigeru Miyachi

    2009-01-01

    Effort angina of a 70-year-old man was diagnosed as due to triple coronary vessel disease, and he was scheduled to undergo\\u000a coronary artery bypass surgery. Preoperative carotid duplex scan revealed more than 75% stenosis of the right internal carotid\\u000a artery, which was functionally proven to be significantly ischemic on brain single photon emission computed tomography. Although\\u000a he was neurologically asymptomatic,

  16. Successful use of the Impella Recover LP 5.0 device for circulatory support during off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting

    PubMed Central

    Pepino, Paolo; Coronella, Germano; Oliviero, Piermario; Monaco, Mario; Schiavone, Vincenzo; Finizio, Filippo; Biondi-Zoccai, Giuseppe; Frati, Giacomo; Giordano, Arturo

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION Surgical coronary revascularization is being performed with ever increasing frequency in patients at high surgical risk. Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG) is particularly appealing in such subjects, but may limit the options for concomitant mechanical circulatory support. PRESENTATION OF CASE We hereby report an original case of mechanical circulatory support with the Impella Recover LP 5.0 device during OPCABG in a 61-year-old gentleman with multiple comorbidities and severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction. Specifically, the soft tipped device did not impede surgical manipulation of the heart during the surgical procedure, providing uninterrupted circulatory support to the patient. DISCUSSION This clinical vignette supports the feasibility, safety and efficacy of the Impella Recover LP 5.0 device in patients undergoing OPCABG. CONCLUSION Pending further studies, use of the Impella Recover LP 5.0 device can be envisioned safely for OPCABG. PMID:25305600

  17. Frequency Rate of Atelectasis in Patients Following Coronary Artery Bypass Graft and Its Associated Factors at Mazandaran Heart Center in 2013-2014

    PubMed Central

    Esmaeili, Ravanbakhsh; Nasiri, Ebrahim; Ghafari, Rahman; Mousavinasab, Seyed Nouraddin; Saffari, Neshat Hasan Niyayeh

    2015-01-01

    Background and aim: As the most common postoperative pulmonary complication after cardiac surgery, atelectasis is one of the most important and serious early postoperative complications and one of the most important causes of prolonged hospitalization, increased costs, and mortality rise. Therefore, the present study was aimed at specifying the frequency of atelectasis in patients following coronary artery bypass graft and its associated factors in Mazandaran Heart Center in 2013-2014. Materials and methods: The present investigation was a descriptive cross-sectional study in which sequential sampling was used. It was conducted on 375 patients whose coronary artery bypass graft had been performed by the same surgeon and anesthesiologist. For data collection, first the patients’ demographic variables and the information of their surgery were retrieved through their profiles, direct observation, patient inquiry, and the collected data were recorded in the data collection forms. Then, atelectasis was measured before the surgery and on the first and second days after it by taking CXR whose results were checked by two radiologists who were not aware of the previous observations. Data were analyzed through t-test, Pearson test, and Chi-square test using SPSS 16.0. Results: The results of the present study indicated that, 123 out of 375 patients (32.8%) were diagnosed with at least one type of tattletales during the first three days after the surgery. The mean age of the patients who were diagnosed with atelectasis was 62.9±9 and most of them were female. The results also showed that there was a significant relationship between postoperative frequency of atelectasis and the patients’ pulmonary diseases and underlying diseases like diabetes and hyperlipidemia, smoking and alcohol use before the surgery, and transfusion of 4 units of packed red blood cells during the surgery (p<0.05). Conclusion: Atelectasis is the most common postoperative complication which emerges more in patients with pulmonary and underlying diseases than other patients. PMID:26005251

  18. The Effect of Intravenous Magnesium Sulfate and Lidocaine in Hemodynamic Responses to Endotracheal Intubation in Elective Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial

    PubMed Central

    Mesbah Kiaee, Mehrdad; Safari, Saeid; Movaseghi, Gholam Reza; Mohaghegh Dolatabadi, Mahmoud Reza; Ghorbanlo, Masoud; Etemadi, Mehrnoosh; Amiri, Seyed Arash; Zamani, Mohammad Mahdi

    2014-01-01

    Background: There have been many concerns about alteration in hemodynamic parameters within and shortly after endotracheal intubation (ETI) in patients scheduled for elective coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Objectives: We compared the attenuation effect of magnesium sulfate and lidocaine on hemodynamic responses after ETI, in patients undergoing CABG. Patients and Methods: In this randomized controlled trial 150 patients undergoing elective CABG were enrolled. Included patients were randomly allocated to three groups and received lidocaine (1.5 mg/kg), magnesium sulfate (50 mg/kg within five minute), or normal saline, 90 seconds before ETI. Baseline hemodynamic parameters including heart rate (HR), systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and mean arterial pressure (MAP) were recorded immediately before anesthesia induction, before intubation, immediately after intubation, and at second and fifth minutes after intubation. Results: The baseline hemodynamic variables had no deference among the three groups. HR between intubation and five minute after intubation was significantly lower in two groups received lidocaine or magnesium sulfate in comparison with placebo group. Lidocaine induced more than 20% decrease in HR and MAP immediately after intubation; hence, lidocaine group showed significant MAP reduction in comparison with the two other groups. Conclusions: Lidocaine induced hemodynamic instability but premedication of magnesium sulfate maintained hemodynamic stability after intubation. Therefore, in patients undergoing CABG who received high-dose intravenous analgesic for general anesthesia, the administration of magnesium sulfate might result in maintaining hemodynamic stability after ETI in comparison with lidocaine. PMID:25237632

  19. Free vascularized bone graft for nonunion of the scaphoid

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kazuteru Doi; Tatsunori Oda; Tan Soo-Heong; Vipul Nanda

    2000-01-01

    We used a free vascularized small periosteal bone graft to treat scaphoid nonunion. The graft consisted of periosteum, full-thickness cortex, and the underlying cancellous bone and was harvested from the supracondylar region of the femur. The graft was nourished by the articular branch of the descending geniculate artery and vein. Unlike the currently used vascularized bone grafts, this graft can

  20. Comparing mortality and myocardial infarction between coronary artery bypass grafting and drug-eluting stenting in patients with diabetes mellitus and multivessel coronary artery disease: a meta-analysis

    PubMed Central

    Qi, Xiaolong; Xu, Mingxin; Yang, Haitao; Zhou, Lin; Mao, Yu; Song, Haoming; Li, Quan

    2014-01-01

    Introduction We aim to compare the midterm outcomes between coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in diabetic patients who had multivessel coronary artery diseases (CAD). Material and methods A comprehensive literature search was conducted to identify the related clinical studies with a follow-up for 1 year at least. The endpoints were death, myocardial infarction, and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE). Results Finally, the analysis of ten studies involving 5,264 patients showed that patients with CABG had worse baseline characteristics, a higher rate of stable angina pectoris, a higher percentage of triple-vessel disease, higher incidence of chronic total occlusion and a higher SYNTAX score. However, there was no significant difference in mortality between the two groups. Additionally, the rates of myocardial infarction and MACCE were markedly decreased in the CABG group. Conclusions The strategy of CABG is better than PCI for diabetic patients with multivessel CAD. The CABG can significantly reduce the rates of myocardial infarction and MACCE and is comparable in mortality despite the worse baseline characteristics. PMID:25097568

  1. Endovascular aortoiliac grafts in combination with standard infrainguinal arterial bypasses in the management of limb-threatening ischemia: Preliminary report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael L. Marin; Frank J. Veith; Luis A. Sanchez; Jacob Cynamon; William D. Suggs; Michael L. Schwartz; Richard E. Parsons; Curtis W. Bakal; Ross T. Lyon

    1995-01-01

    Purpose: Occlusive disease of the aortoiliac segment may lead to limb-threatening ischemia, if coexisting disease is present in the femoral, popliteal, or tibial arteries. The combined treatment of severe aortoiliac and infrainguinal disease with standard techniques may be hazardous or contraindicated in patients with multiple previous reconstructions, severe comorbid medical illnesses, or both. This report summarizes the technical feasibility and

  2. Studies in polymer surface modification and grafting for biomedical uses: 2. Application to arterial blood filters and oxygenators

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. H. Bamford; K. G. Al-Lamee

    1996-01-01

    The technique for polymer surface modification described in earlier papers has been applied to two components of an extracorporeal blood circulatory system used in open-heart surgery, with the object of improving their haemocompatibility. The devices were the arterial blood filter composed of nylon membranes and the blood oxygenator consisting of polypropylene microporous hollow fibres. Polyacrylamide and, in some cases, a

  3. Late failure of reversed vein bypass grafts.

    PubMed Central

    Berkowitz, H D; Greenstein, S; Barker, C F; Perloff, L J

    1989-01-01

    Late failure of reversed vein bypass grafts is preceded by the appearance of stenotic lesions, which progress to total occlusion. These lesions appear either as intrinsic graft lesions or as new arteriosclerotic lesions in contiguous arteries. The present study summarizes the University of Pennsylvania experience with these lesions in 521 vein grafts inserted from 1979 to 1985. The grafts were grouped according to the site of the distal anastomosis; 231 above-knee popliteal (FP AK), 171 below-knee popliteal (FP BK), and 119 tibial (FT). The overall incidence of stenotic lesions was essentially identical with the three grafts (21%), but the relative incidence of intrinsic graft to arterial lesions was higher with the more distal grafts. The most common graft lesions developed adjacent to the proximal anastomosis, which is the narrowest part of a reversed vein graft. The popliteal artery was the most common site of outflow stenosis. There was negligible incidence of tibial lesions. The most common inflow arterial lesion was located in the common femoral and iliac arteries. The superficial femoral artery (SFA) was a rare site of inflow stenosis, even though it was at risk because 96 grafts originated from the SFA or popliteal artery. Sixty-seven per cent of the graft and 52% of the arterial lesions were treated successfully by percutaneous transluminal angioplasty; the rest had minor surgical revisions. This resulted in a 19%, 10%, and 9% improvement in 5-year patency for the FT, FP BK, and FP AK bypasses. These results justify an aggressive policy of graft surveillance to identify and treat stenotic graft lesions before graft occlusion. PMID:2589891

  4. Preoperative atrial fibrillation is an independent risk factor for mid-term mortality after concomitant aortic valve replacement and coronary artery bypass graft surgery

    PubMed Central

    Saxena, Akshat; Dinh, Diem; Dimitriou, Jim; Reid, Christopher; Smith, Julian; Shardey, Gilbert; Newcomb, Andrew

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVES Preoperative atrial fibrillation (PAF) has been associated with poorer early and mid-term outcomes after isolated valvular or coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Few studies, however, have evaluated the impact of PAF on early and mid-term outcomes after concomitant aortic valve replacement and coronary aortic bypass graft (AVR-CABG) surgery. METHODS Data obtained prospectively between June 2001 and December 2009 by the Australian and New Zealand Society of Cardiac and Thoracic Surgeons National Cardiac Surgery Database Program was retrospectively analysed. Patients who underwent concomitant atrial arrhythmia surgery/ablation were excluded. Demographic and operative data were compared between patients undergoing concomitant AVR-CABG who presented with PAF and those who did not using chi-square and t-tests. The independent impact of PAF on 12 short-term complications and mid-term mortality was determined using binary logistic and Cox regression, respectively. RESULTS Concomitant AVR-CABG surgery was performed in 2563 patients; 322 (12.6%) presented with PAF. PAF patients were generally older (mean age 76 vs 74 years; P < 0.001) and presented more often with comorbidities including congestive heart failure, chronic pulmonary disease and cerebrovascular disease (all P < 0.05). PAF was associated with 30-day mortality on univariate analysis (P = 0.019) but not multivariate analysis (P = 0.53). The incidence of early complications was not significantly higher in the PAF group. PAF was independently associated with reduced mid-term survival (HR, 1.58; 95% CI, 1.14–2.19; P = 0.006). CONCLUSIONS PAF is associated with reduced mid-term survival after concomitant AVR-CABG surgery. Patients with PAF undergoing AVR-CABG should be considered for a concomitant surgical ablation procedure. PMID:23287590

  5. Transvenous Embolization of a Spontaneous Femoral AVF 5 Years After an Incomplete Treatment with Arterial Stent-Grafts

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bora Peynircioglu; Murat Ozkan; Omer Faruk Dogan; Barbaros E. Cil; R?za Dogan

    2008-01-01

    A 66-year-old man with complex left femoral arterio-venous fistula (AVF) was first diagnosed after a deep venous thrombosis\\u000a incident approximately 5 years ago. Partial treatment was performed by means of endografts along the superficial femoral artery,\\u000a which remained patent for 5 years. The patient had been doing well until a couple of months ago when he developed severe venous\\u000a stasis

  6. Coronary artery bypass graft surgery: socioeconomic inequalities in access and in 30 day mortality. A population-based study in Rome, Italy

    PubMed Central

    Ancona, C.; Agabiti, N.; Forastiere, F.; Arca, M.; Fusco, D.; Ferro, S.; Perucci, C.

    2000-01-01

    OBJECTIVES—To evaluate whether coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is equally provided among different socioeconomic status (SES) groups in accordance with need. To estimate the association between SES and mortality occurring 30 days after CABG surgery.?DESIGN—Individual socioeconomic index assigned with respect to the characteristics of the census tract of residence (level I = highest SES; level IV = lowest SES). Comparison of age adjusted hospital admission rates of ischaemic heart disease (IHD) and CABG surgery among four SES groups. Retrospective cohort study of all patients who underwent CABG surgery during 1996-97.?SETTING—Rome (2 685 890 inhabitants) and the seven cardiac surgery units in the city.?PARTICIPANTS—All residents in Rome aged 35 years or more. A cohort of 1875 CABG patients aged 35 years or more.?MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES—Age adjusted hospitalisation rates for CABG and IHD and rate of CABG per 100 IHD hospitalisations by SES group, taking level I as the reference group. Odds ratios of 30 day mortality after CABG surgery, adjusted for age, gender, illness severity at admission, and type of hospital where CABG was performed.?RESULTS—People in the lowest SES level experienced an excess in the age adjusted IHD hospitalisation rates compared with the highest SES level (an excess of 57% among men, and of 94% among women), but the rate of CABG per 100 IHD hospitalisations was lower, among men, in the most socially disadvantaged level (8.9 CABG procedures per 100 IHD hospital admissions in level IV versus 14.1 in level I rate ratio= 0.63; 95% CI 0.44, 0.89). The most socially disadvantaged SES group experienced a higher risk of 30 day mortality after CABG surgery (8.1%) than those in the highest SES group (4.8%); this excess in mortality was confirmed even when initial illness severity was taken into account (odds ratio= 2.89; 95% CI 1.44, 5.80).?CONCLUSIONS—The universal coverage of the National Health Service in Italy does not guarantee equitable access to CABG surgery for IHD patients. Factors related to SES are likely to influence poor prognosis after CABG surgery.???Keywords: coronary artery bypass graft; ischaemic heart disease; socioeconomic status PMID:11076990

  7. Neurological Complications Comparing Endoscopically vs. Open Harvest of the Radial Artery

    ClinicalTrials.gov

    2015-02-28

    Complications Due to Coronary Artery Bypass Graft; Coronary Artery Disease; Myocardial Ischemia; Coronary Disease; Heart Diseases; Cardiovascular Diseases; Arteriosclerosis; Arterial Occlusive Diseases; Vascular Diseases

  8. Calcific stenotic jump graft.

    PubMed Central

    Padmakumar, R.; Krishnamoorthy, K. M.; Tharakan, J. A.

    2004-01-01

    A young lady with post-subclavian coarctation and cranial hypertension is discussed. She had a jump graft from left subclavian artery to descending aorta, and presented 18 years later with hypertension, calcification of the graft with a gradient of 40 mmHg across it. In the meantime, she also developed moderate aortic regurgitation on a bicuspid aortic valve. Management strategies including trans-catheter options are discussed. We present our reservations on trans-catheter options in an occluded dacron graft. PMID:16749963

  9. Unchanged Plasma Levels of the Soluble Urokinase Plasminogen Activator Receptor in Elective Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery Patients and Cardiopulmonary Bypass Use

    PubMed Central

    Gozdzik, Waldemar; Adamik, Barbara; Gozdzik, Anna; Rachwalik, Maciej; Kustrzycki, Wojciech; Kübler, Andrzej

    2014-01-01

    Objective and Design The soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) has been recently recognized as a potential biological marker of various disease states, but the impact of a major surgical intervention on the suPAR level has not yet been established. The aim of our study was to investigate if the induction of a systemic inflammatory reaction in response to cardiopulmonary bypass would be accompanied by an increase in the plasma suPAR level. Methods and Subjects Patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) were added. Based on the baseline suPAR level, patients were divided into group 1 (suPAR within normal range) or group 2 (suPAR above range). Blood was collected before the induction of anesthesia and 6 and 24 hours after surgery. Plasma suPAR, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-?, troponin I, NT-proBNP, and NGAL were quantified to assess the impact of surgical trauma on these markers. Results The baseline suPAR level was within the normal range in 31 patients (3.3 ng/mL), and elevated in 29 (5.1 ng/mL) (p<0.001). Baseline mediators of systemic inflammatory reaction concentrations (IL-6, TNF-?, and IL-8) and organ injury indices (troponin I, NT-proBNP, and NGAL) were low and increased after surgery in all patients (p<0.05). The surgery did not cause significant changes in the suPAR level either at 6 or 24 hours after, however the difference between groups observed at baseline remained substantial during the postoperative period. Conclusions There was no change in the suPAR level observed in patients subjected to elective cardiac coronary artery bypass surgery and CPB, despite activation of a systemic inflammatory reaction. PMID:24911522

  10. On-versus Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting: No Difference in Early Postoperative Kidney Function Based on TNF-? or C-Reactive Protein

    PubMed Central

    Nezami, Nariman; Djavadzadegan, Hassan; Tabatabaie-Adl, Haleh; Hamdi, Amir; Ghobadi, Kazem; Ghorashi, Sona; Hajhosseini, Babak

    2012-01-01

    Background/Aims There are controversial data about renal function following off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The present study aimed to evaluate renal function changes 24 h after on- and off-pump CABG, as well as renal function correlated with high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and tumor necrosis factor-? (TNF-?). Methods Ninety patients with coronary artery disease referred to our center for CABG from July 2006 to November 2007 were enrolled in the study. Patients were equally and randomly divided in two groups, on- and off-pump. Serum levels of creatinine (Cr), blood urea nitrogen, creatinine clearance (CrCl), hs-CRP, and TNF-? were determined immediately before and 24 h after surgery. Results Cr and CrCl changes after surgery were not significantly different between the two groups; however, blood urea nitrogen levels after surgery were significantly higher in the on-pump group (p = 0.035). No statistically significant difference was noted between the two groups in terms of changes in levels of hs-CRP and TNF-? (p = 0.350 and 0.805, respectively). The changes in CrCl levels had no significant correlation with hs-CRP and TNF-?. Conclusions The early Cr and CrCl levels after surgery are not significantly different in on- and off-pump groups. The early renal function after on- or off-pump CABG is not correlated with the levels of inflammatory markers including hs-CRP and TNF-?. PMID:22969775

  11. Segmental myocardial wall motion during minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting using open and endoscopic surgical techniques.

    PubMed

    Mierdl, S; Byhahn, C; Lischke, V; Aybek, T; Wimmer-Greinecker, G; Dogan, S; Viehmeyer, S; Kessler, P; Westphal, Klaus

    2005-02-01

    Current options for minimally invasive surgical treatment of single-vessel coronary artery disease include beating heart procedures without cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) via mini-thoracotomy (MIDCAB) and totally endoscopic robot-assisted techniques (TECAB) with CPB. Both procedures are associated with potential myocardial stress before revascularization, such as single-lung ventilation (SLV), temporary coronary artery occlusion, cardiac luxation, intrathoracic carbon dioxide insufflation, and extended CPB and operating time. In this echocardiographic study we sought to evaluate the extent of intraoperative segmental wall motion abnormalities (SWMA) during MIDCAB and TECAB surgery and to identify factors affecting SWMA. Forty-six patients with single-vessel coronary artery disease were studied. Sixteen patients were operated using the MIDCAB technique and 30 patients with TECAB. In both groups sequential transesophageal echocardiograms were recorded during the entire procedure. Hemodynamic data and oxygenation variables were acquired simultaneously. In both groups, mild but obvious perioperative SWMA were identified and noted to increase during the course of the operation. These SWMA were more pronounced in the TECAB group. Independent of operating time, these changes disappeared completely after revascularization. No significant hemodynamic compromise was observed. We conclude that MIDCAB and TECAB techniques are associated with significant perioperative SWMA. The appearance of more profound SWMA in the TECAB group compared with the MIDCAB patients might have been the result of intrathoracic CO(2) insufflation, as SLV was used in both groups. No persistent SWMA or post-CPB SWMA were apparent in either group. More extensive intraoperative ventricular SWMA was detected in the TECAB group, suggesting that a more frequent risk for right ventricular dysfunction may exist during TECAB procedures. PMID:15673848

  12. Aneurysm formation in arteriovenous grafts: associations and clinical significance.

    PubMed

    Siedlecki, Andrew; Barker, Jill; Allon, Michael

    2007-01-01

    Aneurysms are a common complication of arteriovenous grafts in hemodialysis patients, resulting from repetitive needle sticks in the graft material. Although aneurysms are thought to contribute to graft failure, there are no prospective studies evaluating their risk factors or impact on graft survival. The present study evaluated aneurysms in 117 hemodialysis outpatients with upper extremity grafts at a university-affiliated dialysis center. An arterial aneurysm was defined as a cannulation site defect diameter (difference between arterial cannulation site diameter and normal graft diameter) above the median value for the study population (0.63 cm). Subsequent graft outcomes were determined by retrospective analysis of a prospective vascular access database. Thrombosis-free graft survival was compared among patient subgroups using Cox proportional hazards models. Patients with an arterial aneurysm had significantly longer median graft age, when compared with those not having a aneurysm (888 vs. 588 days, p = 0.01). However, the two groups did not differ in patient age, sex, diabetes, body mass index, or graft location. The hazard ratio for graft thrombosis was 0.45 (95% confidence interval, 0.25-0.82, p = 0.009) for grafts with an arterial aneurysm, when compared with those without a defect (1-year graft survival of 71 vs. 50%). Graft age was not associated with the likelihood of graft thrombosis (p = 0.12). In contrast to the prevailing wisdom, arterial aneurysms are associated with improved graft survival. PMID:17244126

  13. A comparative analysis of saphenous vein conduit harvesting techniques for coronary artery bypass grafting--standard bridging versus the open technique.

    PubMed

    Khan, Ursalan A; Krishnamoorthy, Bhuvaneswari; Najam, Osman; Waterworth, Paul; Fildes, James E; Yonan, Nizar

    2010-01-01

    Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery involves harvesting the great saphenous vein (GSV) using the traditional open technique (TOT). This can be associated with significant leg morbidity and patient dissatisfaction. Alternatively, the standard bridging technique (SBT) is a minimally invasive procedure of vein retrieval that uses smaller frequent incisions along the length of the leg and may reduce postoperative complications. This study was designed to compare the success of SBT in reducing leg morbidity and increasing patient satisfaction. One hundred patients were recruited into the study and computer randomised into two groups of 50 undergoing SBT or TOT. Leg morbidity and patient satisfaction were analysed by assessment of pain scores, wound development and scar formation. Closure and harvesting time were also compared between the two groups. SBT was associated with better wound development (P<0.001) and a significantly higher patient satisfaction (P<0.001). Leg pain was significantly reduced amongst SBT group at rest and with movement (P<0.001). There was also a reduction in saphenous neuropathy with the use of SBT (P<0.001). No difference in closure or harvesting time was demonstrated (P=0.26 and P=0.23, respectively). This study demonstrates that harvesting the GSV by the minimally invasive SBT reduces postoperative leg morbidity and increases patient satisfaction without the need of costly equipment. SBT represents a safe, effective and financially viable technique for vein harvesting. PMID:19696051

  14. Utility of pulmonary venous flow diastolic deceleration time in an adult patient undergoing surgical closure of atrial septal defect and coronary artery bypass grafting.

    PubMed

    Agrawal, Dharmesh R; Sayeed, Mohammed Rehan; Chakravarthy, Murali R; Patil, T A

    2013-01-01

    Acute left ventricular (LV) failure has been reported after surgical closure of atrial septal defect (ASD) in adult patients. We report acute LV failure in a 56 year old gentleman following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and surgical closure of ASD. Transesophageal echocardiography examination of the patient following closure of ASD and CABG showed a residual ASD and a shunt (Qp :Qs = 1.5). The residual ASD was closed after re-institution of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) under cardioplegic cardiac arrest. However, the patient did not tolerate closure of the residual ASD. The CPB was re-established and under cardioplegic cardiac arrest residual ASD was reopened to create a fenestration. This time patient was weaned easily from CPB. Postoperatively, 16 hours after extubation, patient became hemodynamically unstable, the patient was electively put on ventilator and intra-aortic balloon pump. Later the patient was weaned off successfully from ventilator. Retrospective analysis of pulmonary venous flow diastolic deceleration time (PVDT D ) recorded during prebypass period measured 102 msec suggestive of high left atrial pressure which indicate possibility of LV failure after ASD closure. PMID:23287085

  15. Study of levosimendan during off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting in patients with LV dysfunction: A double-blind randomized study

    PubMed Central

    Shah, B.; Sharma, P.; Brahmbhatt, A.; Shah, R.; Rathod, B.; Shastri, Naman; Patel, J.; Malhotra, A.

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: Levosimendan is a calcium sensitizer drug which has been used in cardiac surgery for the prevention of postoperative low cardiac output syndrome (LCOS) and in difficult weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). This study aims to evaluate perioperative hemodynamic effects of levosimendan pretreatment in patients for off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (OPCABG) surgery with low left ventricular ejection fractions (LVEF < 30%). Materials and Methods: Fifty patients undergoing OPCABG surgery with low LVEF (<30%) were enrolled in the study. Patients were randomly divided in two groups: Levosimendan pretreatment (Group L) and placebo pretreatment (Group C) of 25 each. Group L, patients received levosimendan infusion 200 ?g/kg over 24 h and in Group C Patients received placebo. The clinical parameters measured before and after the drug administration up to 48 h were heart rate (HR; for the hour after drug infusion), cardiac index (CI), and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP). The requirement of inotropes, intraaortic balloon pump (IABP), CPB, intensive care unit (ICU) stay, and hospital stay were also measured. Results: The patients in group L exhibited higher CI and PCWP during operative in early postoperative period as compared to control group C. Group L also had a less requirement for inotropes, CPB support and IABP with shorter ICU stay as well as hospital stay. Conclusion: Levosimendan pretreatment (24 h infusion) in patient for OPCABG with poor LVEF shows better outcomes and hemodynamics in terms of inotropes, CPB and IABP requirements. It also reduces ICU stay. PMID:24550581

  16. Comparison of the Complications between Left Side and Right Side Subclavian Vein Catheter Placement in Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Tarbiat, Masoud; Manafi, Babak; Davoudi, Maryam; Totonchi, Ziae

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Percutaneous subclavian vein catheterization is one of the most common invasive procedures performed in cardiac surgery. The aim of this study was to compare left and right subclavian vein catheter placement via the infraclavicular approach in patients who undergo coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Methods: This prospective, randomized clinical trial was performed in193 patients. The technique applied for cannulation was infraclavicular approach for both the right and the left sides. Subclavian vein of other side was attempted only when catheterization at initial side was unsuccessful at two attempts. The success and complication rates were compared for the two sides. Results: On193 patients, catheterization attempts were performed. Overall 177 catheterizations (91.7%) were successful during the first attempt, 105 (92.1%) on the right side and 72 (91.1%) on the left side. There was no significant difference between success rate and side of catheterization. Malposition of the catheter tip on the right side (9.6%) was significantly more than the left side (0%) (P= 0.003). The differences in other complications on two sides were statistically insignificant. Conclusion: Compared with the right side, insertion of the cannula on the left side resulted in fewer catheter tip misplacements. Incidence of cannulation failure and other complications were similar on both sides. PMID:25320661

  17. Optimism measured pre-operatively is associated with reduced pain intensity and physical symptom reporting after coronary artery bypass graft surgery

    PubMed Central

    Ronaldson, Amy; Poole, Lydia; Kidd, Tara; Leigh, Elizabeth; Jahangiri, Marjan; Steptoe, Andrew

    2014-01-01

    Objective Optimism is thought to be associated with long-term favourable outcomes for patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Our objective was to examine the association between optimism and post-operative pain and physical symptoms in CABG patients. Methods We assessed optimism pre-operatively in 197 adults undergoing CABG surgery, and then followed them up 6–8 weeks after the procedure to measure affective pain, pain intensity, and physical symptom reporting directly pertaining to CABG surgery. Results Greater optimism measured pre-operatively was significantly associated with lower pain intensity (? = ? 0.150, CI = ? 0.196 to ? 0.004, p = .042) and fewer physical symptoms following surgery (? = ? 0.287, CI = ? 0.537 to ? 0.036, p = .025), but not with affective pain, after controlling for demographic, clinical and behavioural covariates, including negative affectivity. Conclusions Optimism is a modest, yet significant, predictor of pain intensity and physical symptom reporting after CABG surgery. Having positive expectations may promote better recovery. PMID:25129850

  18. Minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting using the inferior J-shaped ministernotomy in high-risk patients.

    PubMed

    Del Giglio, Mauro; Dell'Amore, Andrea; Aquino, Tommaso; Calvi, Simone; Calli, Morena; Marri, Claudio; Boni, Francesco; Lamarra, Mauro

    2008-05-01

    In the last years the population of patients referred for coronary surgery has changed toward a high-risk profile. In selected cases minimally invasive approach could be a good option to reduce mortality and morbidity. Between September 2005 and September 2007, twenty-one consecutive patients underwent minimally invasive bypass surgery using the J-shaped inferior mini-sternotomy approach. All patients had a EuroSCORE higher than 6. The operative mortality was 0%. Conversion to on-pump surgery was not necessary. The mean operation time was 89+/-18 min, the mean ventilation time was 2.4+/-2.2 h, the mean intensive care unit stay was 47.2+/-36.5 h. In four patients a hybrid approach to achieve a complete revascularization was used. After six months from the operation the graft patency was evaluated with the 64-slice computed tomography. In high-risk coronary patients the use of the minimally invasive technique appeared a good option to achieve low morbidity and mortality. Through a mini-sternotomy approach, single- or double-vessel revascularization can be performed safely off-pump even in high-risk patients without compromising the accuracy of the anastomosis. Nevertheless, a further investigation is required to evaluate the long-term results in a larger cohort of patients. PMID:18276661

  19. The Mechanical Behavior of Vascular Grafts: A Review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Henryk J. Salacinski; Sean Goldner; Alberto Giudiceandrea; George Hamilton; Alexander M. Seifalian; Alan Edwards; Robert J. Carson

    2001-01-01

    The development of intimal hyperplasia (IH) near the anastomosis of a vascular graft to artery is directly related to changes in the wall shear rate distribution. Mismatch in compliance and diameter at the end-to-end anastomosis of a compliant artery and rigid graft cause shear rate disturbances that may induce intimal hyperplasia and ultimately graft failure. The principal strategy being developed

  20. Numerical Comparison of the Anastomotic Mechanics of Vascular Grafts Incorporating

    E-print Network

    Reddy, Batmanathan Dayanand "Daya"

    Numerical Comparison of the Anastomotic Mechanics of Vascular Grafts Incorporating Blood Flow are mainly due to the mismatch in radial distensibility of artery and vascular graft caused by a difference. Key words: Anastomosis, Vascular graft, Artery, Blood vessel, Blood flow, Computational fluid dynamics

  1. Effects of lying or standing on mammary blood flow and heart rate of dairy cows

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Effects of lying or standing on mammary blood flow and heart rate of dairy cows H Rulquin, JP of standing or lying on the mammary blood flow and heart rate in dairy cows. To widen the range of blood flow on the left common ex- ternal pudic artery by a transit-time blood flowmeter. Heart rate was determined

  2. Epicardial and Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue Fatty Acids Profiles in Diabetic and Non-Diabetic Patients Candidate for Coronary Artery Bypass Graft

    PubMed Central

    Pezeshkian, Masood; Mahtabipour, Mohammad-Reza

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: We have recently shown that in high cholesterol-fed rabbits, the sensitivity of epicardial adipose tissue to changes in dietary fat is higher than that of subcutaneous adipose tissue. Although the effects of diabetes on epicardial adipose tissue thickness have been studied, the influence of diabetes on profile of epicardial free fatty acids (FFAs) has not been studied. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of diabetes on the FFAs composition in serum and in the subcutaneous and epicardial adipose tissues in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). Methods: Forty non-diabetic and twenty eight diabetic patients candidate for CABG with >75% stenosis participated in this study. Fasting blood sugar (FBS) and lipid profiles were assayed by auto analyzer. Phospholipids and non-estrified FFA of serum and the fatty acids profile of epicardial and subcutaneous adipose tissues were determined using gas chromatography method. Results: In the phospholipid fraction of diabetic patients’ serum, the percentage of 16:0, 18:3n-9, 18:2n-6 and monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) was lower than the corresponding values of the non-diabetics; whereas, 18:0 value was higher. A 100% increase in the amount of 18:0 and 35% decrease in the level of 18:1n-11 was observed in the diabetic patients’ subcutaneous adipose tissue. In epicardial adipose tissue, the increase of 18:0 and conjugated linolenic acid (CLA) and decrease of 18:1n-11, w3 (20:5n-3) and 22:6n-3 were significant; but, the contents of arachidonic acid and its precursor linoleic acid were not affected by diabetes. Conclusion: The fatty acids’ profile of epicardial and subcutaneous adipose tissues is not equally affected by diabetes. The significant decrease of 16:0 and w3 fatty acids and increase of trans and conjugated fatty acids in epicardial adipose tissue in the diabetic patients may worsen the formation of atheroma in the related arteries. PMID:23878791

  3. Efficacy of Long-Term ?-Blocker Therapy for Secondary Prevention of Long-Term Outcomes After Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Heng; Yuan, Xin; Zhang, Haibo; Chen, Sipeng; Zhao, Yan; Hua, Kun; Rao, Chenfei; Wang, Wei; Sun, Hansong; Hu, Shengshou

    2015-01-01

    Background— Conflicting results from recent observational studies have raised questions concerning the benefit of ?-blockers for patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Furthermore, the efficacy of long-term ?-blocker therapy in CABG patients after hospital discharge is uncertain. Methods and Results— The study included 5926 consecutive patients who underwent CABG and were discharged alive. The prevalence and consistency of ?-blocker use were determined in patients with and without a history of myocardial infarction (MI). ?-Blockers were always used in 1280 patients (50.9%) with and 1642 patients (48.1%) without previous MI after CABG. Compared with always users (n=2922, 49.3%), the risk of all-cause death was significantly higher among inconsistent ?-blocker users (hazard ratio [HR], 1.96; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.50–2.57), and never using ?-blockers was associated with increased risk of both all-cause death (HR, 1.42; 95% CI, 1.01–2.00) and the composite of adverse cardiovascular events (HR, 1.29; 95% CI, 1.10–1.50). In the cohort without MI, the HR for all-cause death was 1.70 (95% CI, 1.17–2.48) in inconsistent users and 1.23 (95% CI, 0.76–1.99) in never users. In the MI cohort, mortality was higher for inconsistent users (HR, 2.14; 95% CI, 1.43–3.20) and for never users (HR, 1.59; 95% CI, 1.07–2.63). Consistent results were obtained in equivalent sensitivity analyses. Conclusions— In patients with or without previous MI undergoing CABG, the consistent use of ?-blockers was associated with a lower risk of long-term mortality and adverse cardiovascular events. Strategies should be developed to understand and improve discharge prescription of ?-blockers and long-term patient adherence. PMID:25908770

  4. Comparing the impact of supine and leg elevation positions during coronary artery bypass graft on deep vein thrombosis occurrence: a randomized clinical trial study.

    PubMed

    Ayatollahzade-Isfahani, Farah; Pashang, Mina; Omran, Abbas Salehi; Saadat, Soheil; Shirani, Shapour; Fathollahi, Mahmood Sheikh

    2013-06-01

    Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a common preoperative complication that occurs in patients who undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG). Early ambulation, elastic stockings, intermittent pneumatic compression, and leg elevation, before and after surgery, are among preventative interventions. The goal of the study was to compare the effect of supine position with that of leg elevation on the occurrence of DVT during CABG and after, until ambulation. Between October, 2008, and May, 2011, a total of 185 eligible CABG patients admitted to the Cardiac Surgery Unit were randomly assigned to groups designated as the supine group (n = 92) or the leg-elevation group (n = 93). Of this total, 92 patients were assigned to the supine group and 93 to the leg-elevation group. Doppler ultrasonography of the superficial and deep veins in the lower extremities was performed for each patient before and after surgery. Logistic regression analysis was conducted to investigate the possible independent factors associated with DVT. DVT was detected in 25 (13.5%) patients: 17 (18.4%) patients in the supine position group and 8 (8.6%) in the leg-elevation group (P value = .065). After adjustment for confounding factors there was no effect of position on the presence of DVT (P = .126).Clots were often localized in legs ipsilateral to the saphenous vein harvest. The authors conclude that a positive, albeit not statistically significant, trend was evident toward higher incidence of silent DVT in supine position during and after CABG in comparison with leg elevation. Future studies with larger sample sizes are required to confirm this result. PMID:23683764

  5. The protective effect of topical rifamycin treatment against sternal wound infection in diabetic patients undergoing on-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery

    PubMed Central

    Aygun, Fatih; Kuzgun, Ahmet; Ulucan, Seref; Keser, Ahmet; Akpek, Mahmut; Kaya, Mehmet G

    2014-01-01

    Summary Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effect of topical rifamycin SV treatment against sternal wound infection (SWI) in diabetic patients undergoing on-pump coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Methods One hundred and fifty-nine diabetic patients who were scheduled to undergo isolated on-pump CABG surgery were included. Eight were excluded for various reasons. Of the 151 patients, 51 were on insulin therapy and 100 were on oral anti-diabetics. The risk of mediastinitis was assessed using the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association 2004 guideline update for CABG surgery. According to the risk scores, patients were divided into two comparable groups: the rifamycin group (n = 78) received topical rifamycin treatment after on-pump CABG surgery, and the control group (n = 73) received no topical treatment. Results Deep sternal wound infection (mediastinitis) was not observed in either group (0/78 vs 0/73, p = 1.0). No superficial sternal wound infection was observed in the rifamycin group, however, it did occur in one patient in the control group (0/78 vs 1/73, p = 0.303). Wound culture was performed and coagulase-negative staphylococci were observed. The infection regressed on initiation of antibiotic therapy against isolated bacteria and the patient was discharged after a full recovery. Conclusion Although the difference in rate of superficial sternal wound infection (SSWI) in the rifamycin and control groups was not statistically significant, locally applied rifamycin SV during closure of the sternum in the CABG operation may have had a protective affect against SWI. PMID:24687038

  6. Comparison of Outcome of Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation With Versus Without Previous Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (from the FRANCE 2 Registry).

    PubMed

    Castellant, Philippe; Didier, Romain; Bezon, Eric; Couturaud, Francis; Eltchaninoff, Hélène; Iung, Bernard; Donzeau-Gouge, Patrick; Chevreul, Karine; Fajadet, Jean; Leprince, Pascal; Leguerrier, Alain; Lievre, Michel; Prat, Alain; Teiger, Emmanuel; Laskar, Marc; Boschat, Jacques; Gilard, Martine

    2015-08-01

    Previous coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) increases operative risk in conventional valve replacement. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has been shown to be successful in high-risk patient subgroups. The present study compared outcome and overall survival in patients who underwent TAVI with and without history of CABG. From January 2010 to December 2011, 683 of the 3,761 patients selected for TAVI in 34 French centers (18%) had a history of CABG. Outcomes (mortality and complications) were collected prospectively according to the Valve Academic Research Consortium (VARC) criteria. Patients with previous CABG were younger, with higher rates of diabetes and vascular disease and higher logistic European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation (29.8 ± 16.4 vs 20.1 ± 13.0, p <0.001) but lower rates of pulmonary disease. Two types of valve (Edwards SAPIEN and Medtronic CoreValve) were implanted in equal proportions in the 2 groups. The 30-day and 1-year mortality rates from all causes on Kaplan-Meier analysis (9.2% vs 9.7%, p = 0.71; and 19.0% vs 20.2%, p = 0.49, respectively) did not differ according to the history of CABG. There were no significant differences in the Valve Academic Research Consortium complications (myocardial infarction, stroke or vascular, and bleeding complications). On multivariate analysis, CABG was not associated with greater 1-year post-TAVI mortality. In conclusion, previous CABG did not adversely affect outcome in patients who underwent TAVI, which may be an alternative to surgery in high-risk patients with severe aortic stenosis and history of CABG. PMID:26071993

  7. The effects of tranexamic acid and 6% hydroxyethyl starch (HES) solution (130/0.4) on postoperative bleeding in coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery

    PubMed Central

    Yanartas, M; Baysal, A; Ayd?n, C; Ay, Y; Kara, ?; Ayd?n, E; Cevirme, D; Köksal, C; Sunar, H

    2015-01-01

    Background: The addition of 6% hydroxyethyl starch (HES) into Ringer lactate priming solution may have adverse effects on hemostasis in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) with or without the use of tranexamic acid. Methods: In a prospective, randomized clinical trial, 132 patients were assigned to receive 20 ml/kg of Ringer priming solution with or without tranexamic acid (TA) (Group RS-TA, n=34 and Group RS-noTA, n=32) or 10 ml/kg of 6% HES plus 10 ml/kg of RS priming solution with or without intravenous tranexamic acid (Group HES-TA, n=35 and Group HES-noTA, n=31). Estimated blood loss, chest tube drainage, amount of blood products, hemoglobin, hematocrit, platelet and coagulation parameters were examined before and 24 hour after surgery. Results: For Group HES with tranexamic acid, when compared to other groups, estimated blood loss, postoperative 24 hour drainage loss and blood product transfusions were less (P=0.023; P=0.003; P=0.001; respectively) and hemoglobin, hematocrit values at 12 and 24 hours after surgery increased in comparison to other groups (P=0.041, P=0.034, P=0.004, P=0.001; respectively). Platelet concentrations were similar between groups (P>0.05). Conclusions: In CABG, the administration of tranexamic acid in HES 130/0.4 prime solution study group decreased estimated blood loss and chest tube drainage in comparison to patients receving Ringer prime solution with or without tranexamic acid postoperatively however, no effects on renal functions or postoperative complications were shown.

  8. Dacron Graft Aneurysm Treated by Endovascular Stent-Graft

    SciTech Connect

    Ofer, Amos [Interventional Radiology Unit, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Rambam Medical Center and Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, POB 9602 Haifa 31096 (Israel); Nitecki, Samy; Hoffman, Aaron [Department of Vascular Surgery, Rambam Medical Center and Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, POB 9602 Haifa 31096 (Israel); Engel, Ahuva [Interventional Radiology Unit, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Rambam Medical Center and Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, POB 9602 Haifa 31096 (Israel)

    2001-01-15

    A 72-year old man who underwent aorto-bifemoral bypass with insertion of a Dacron graft 18 years previously presented with an aneurysm in the left limb of his graft. Angiography also demonstrated a bilateral occlusion of the popliteal arteries. Computed tomography (CT) angiography was performed and showed a localized dilation of 3 cm in the left limb of the graft, which had a diameter of 14 mm throughout. In view of the technical difficulties of a surgical procedure, an endovascular stent was considered. Through a left femoral arteriotomy, a stent graft was inserted and deployed in the left limb of the graft. This resulted in total exclusion of the Dacron graft aneurysm. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of such a procedure.

  9. Comparison of Five-Year Outcome of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention With Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting in Triple-Vessel Coronary Artery Disease (from the Coronary Revascularization Demonstrating Outcome Study in Kyoto PCI/CABG Registry Cohort-2).

    PubMed

    Shiomi, Hiroki; Morimoto, Takeshi; Furukawa, Yutaka; Nakagawa, Yoshihisa; Tazaki, Junichi; Sakata, Ryuzo; Okabayashi, Hitoshi; Hanyu, Michiya; Shimamoto, Mitsuomi; Nishiwaki, Noboru; Komiya, Tatsuhiko; Kimura, Takeshi

    2015-07-01

    Studies evaluating long-term (?5 years) outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using drug-eluting stents compared with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with triple-vessel coronary artery disease (TVD) are still limited. We identified 2,978 patients with TVD (PCI: n = 1,824, CABG: n = 1,154) of 15,939 patients with first coronary revascularization enrolled in the Coronary Revascularization Demonstrating Outcome Study in Kyoto PCI/CABG Registry Cohort-2. The primary outcome measure in the present analysis was a composite of death, myocardial infarction (MI), and stroke. Median follow-up duration for the surviving patients was 1,973 days (interquartile range 1,700 to 2,244). The cumulative 5-year incidence of death/MI/stroke was significantly higher in the PCI group than in the CABG group (28.2% vs 24.0%, log-rank p = 0.006). After adjusting for confounders, the excess risk of PCI relative to CABG for death/MI/stroke remained significant (hazard ratio [HR] 1.38, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.13 to 1.68, p = 0.002). The excess risks of PCI relative to CABG for all-cause death, MI, and any coronary revascularization were also significant (HR 1.38, 95% CI 1.10 to 1.74, p = 0.006; HR 2.81, 95% CI 1.69 to 4.66, p <0.001; and HR 4.10, 95% CI 3.32 to 5.06, p <0.001, respectively). The risk for stroke was not significantly different between the PCI and CABG groups (HR 0.88, 95% CI 0.61 to 1.26, p = 0.48). There were no interactions for the primary outcome measure between the mode of revascularization (PCI or CABG) and the subgroup factors such as age, diabetes, and Synergy Between PCI With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery score. In conclusion, CABG compared with PCI was associated with better long-term outcome in patients with TVD. PMID:25956622

  10. Effect of Hypertonic Saline Infusion versus Normal Saline on Serum NGAL and Cystatin C Levels in Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Graft

    PubMed Central

    Yousefshahi, Fardin; Bashirzadeh, Mona; Abdollahi, Mohammad; Mojtahedzadeh, Mojtaba; Salehiomran, Abbass; Jalali, Arash; Mazandarani, Mahnaz; Zaare, Elmira; Ahadi, Mehdi

    2013-01-01

    Background: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common and life-threatening complication following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and Cystatin C have shown to be good predictive factors for AKI. Recently, there has been a growing interest in the use of hypertonic saline in cardiac operations. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prophylactic anti-inflammatory effect of hypertonic saline (Group A) infusion versus normal saline (Group B) on serum NGAL and Cystatin C levels as the two biomarkers of AKI in CABG patients. Methods: This randomized double-blinded clinical trial recruited 40 patients undergoing CABG in Tehran Heart Center, Tehran, Iran. After applying exclusion criteria, the effects of preoperative hypertonic saline (294 meq Na) versus normal saline (154 meq Na) infusion on serum NGAL and Cystatin C levels were investigated in three intervals: before surgery and 24 and 48 hours postoperatively. The probable intraoperative or postoperative confounders, including pump time, cross-clamp time, heart rate, systolic and diastolic blood pressures, central venous pressure, arterial pH, partial pressure of arterial oxygen, fraction of inspired oxygen, blood sugar, Na, K, Mg, hemoglobins, white blood cells, hematocrits, and platelets, were recorded and compared between the two groups of study. Results: The study population comprised 40 patients, including 25 (62.5%) males, at a, mean age ± SD of 61.75 ± 8.13 years. There were no statistically significant differences between the patients’ basic, intraoperative, and postoperative characteristics, including intraoperative and postoperative hemodynamic variables and supports such as inotropic use. Intra-aortic balloon pump use and mortality were not seen in our cases. Three patients in the normal saline group and one patient in the hypertonic saline group had serum NGAL levels greater than 400 ng/ml. Moreover, 10 patients in Group A and 17 patients in group B showed a rise in serum Cystatin C levels above 1.16 mg/dl. Patients with AKI had significantly elevated NGAL and Cystatin C levels (p value < 0.001), but there were no significant differences in the decrease in the NGAL level in the hypertonic saline group versus the normal saline group (230.91 ± 92.68 vs. 239.74 ± 116.58 ng/ml, respectively; p value = 0.792), or in the decrease in the Cystatin C level in the hypertonic saline group versus the normal saline group (1.05 ± 0.26 vs. 1.06 ± 0.31, respectively; p value = 0.874). Conclusion: Pre-treatment of CABG patients with hypertonic saline had no significant effect on serum NGAL and Cystatin C levels compared to the normal saline-receiving group. Our present data, albeit promising, have yet to fully document outcome differences. PMID:23646044

  11. Comparison of 30-day and 5-year outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention versus coronary artery bypass grafting in patients aged?50 years (the Coronary aRtery diseAse in younG adultS Study).

    PubMed

    Biancari, Fausto; Gudbjartsson, Tomas; Heikkinen, Jouni; Anttila, Vesa; Mäkikallio, Timo; Jeppsson, Anders; Thimour-Bergström, Linda; Mignosa, Carmelo; Rubino, Antonino S; Kuttila, Kari; Gunn, Jarmo; Wistbacka, Jan-Ola; Teittinen, Kari; Korpilahti, Kari; Onorati, Francesco; Faggian, Giuseppe; Vinco, Giulia; Vassanelli, Corrado; Ribichini, Flavio; Juvonen, Tatu; Axelsson, Tomas A; Sigurdsson, Axel F; Karjalainen, Pasi P; Mennander, Ari; Kajander, Olli; Eskola, Markku; Ilveskoski, Erkki; D'Oria, Veronica; De Feo, Marisa; Kiviniemi, Tuomas; Airaksinen, K E Juhani

    2014-07-15

    Data on the outcome of young patients after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are scarce. Data on 2,209 consecutive patients aged?50 years who underwent CABG or PCI were retrospectively collected from 15 European institutions. PCI and CABG had similar 30-day mortality rates (0.8% vs 1.4%, p=0.27), late survival (at 5 years, 97.8% vs 94.9%, p=0.082), and freedom from stroke (at 5 years, 98.0% and 98.0%, p=0.731). PCI was associated with significantly lower freedom from major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (at 5 years, 73.9% vs 85.0%, p<0.0001), repeat revascularization (at 5 years, 77.6% vs 92.5%, p<0.0001), and myocardial infarction (at 5 years, 89.9% vs 96.6%, p<0.0001) compared with CABG. These findings were confirmed in propensity score-adjusted and matched analyses. Freedom from major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events after PCI was particularly low in diabetics (at 5 years, 58.0% vs 75.9%, p<0.0001) and in patients with multivessel disease (at 5 years, 63.6% vs 85.1%, p<0.0001). PCI in patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction was associated with significantly better 5-year survival (97.5% vs 88.8%, p=0.001), which was driven by its lower 30-day mortality rate (1.5% vs 6.0%, p=0.017). In conclusion, patients aged?50 years have an excellent immediate outcome after either PCI or CABG with similar long-term survival when used according to the current clinical practice. PCI was associated with significantly lower freedom from myocardial infarction and repeat revascularization. PMID:24878127

  12. Arterial Levels of Oxygen Stimulate Intimal Hyperplasia in Human Saphenous Veins via a ROS-Dependent Mechanism

    PubMed Central

    Joddar, Binata; Firstenberg, Michael S.; Reen, Rashmeet K.; Varadharaj, Saradhadevi; Khan, Mahmood; Childers, Rachel C.; Zweier, Jay L.; Gooch, Keith J.

    2015-01-01

    Saphenous veins used as arterial grafts are exposed to arterial levels of oxygen partial pressure (pO2), which are much greater than what they experience in their native environment. The object of this study is to determine the impact of exposing human saphenous veins to arterial pO2. Saphenous veins and left internal mammary arteries from consenting patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting were cultured ex vivo for 2 weeks in the presence of arterial or venous pO2 using an established organ culture model. Saphenous veins cultured with arterial pO2 developed intimal hyperplasia as evidenced by 2.8-fold greater intimal area and 5.8-fold increase in cell proliferation compared to those freshly isolated. Saphenous veins cultured at venous pO2 or internal mammary arteries cultured at arterial pO2 did not develop intimal hyperplasia. Intimal hyperplasia was accompanied by two markers of elevated reactive oxygen species (ROS): increased dihydroethidium associated fluorescence (4-fold, p<0.05) and increased levels of the lipid peroxidation product, 4-hydroxynonenal (10-fold, p<0.05). A functional role of the increased ROS saphenous veins exposed to arterial pO2 is suggested by the observation that chronic exposure to tiron, a ROS scavenger, during the two-week culture period, blocked intimal hyperplasia. Electron paramagnetic resonance based oximetry revealed that the pO2 in the wall of the vessel tracked that of the atmosphere with a ~30 mmHg offset, thus the cells in the vessel wall were directly exposed to variations in pO2. Monolayer cultures of smooth muscle cells isolated from saphenous veins exhibited increased proliferation when exposed to arterial pO2 relative to those cultured at venous pO2. This increased proliferation was blocked by tiron. Taken together, these data suggest that exposure of human SV to arterial pO2 stimulates IH via a ROS-dependent pathway. PMID:25799140

  13. Clinical Characteristics and Outcomes of Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome and Prior Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting in a Large Middle Eastern Cohort

    PubMed Central

    Alanbaei, Muath; Alsheikh-Ali, Alawi A; Aleinati, Tareq; Zubaid, Mohammad; Ridha, Mustafa; Alenezi, Fahad; Al-Mahmeed, Wael; Sulaiman, Kadhim; Al-Lawati, Jawad; Amin, Haitham; Al Suwaidi, Jassim; Al-Motarreb, Ahmed

    2011-01-01

    Background: Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) can occur in patients with prior coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). In the Gulf Registry of acute coronary events (Gulf RACE), we identified the clinical characteristics and in-hospital outcomes of these patients. Methods: Clinical characteristics and in-hospital outcomes for 461 ACS patients with prior CABG are compared to 7715 ACS patients without prior CABG enrolled from 64 hospitals in 6 Gulf countries over a 6-month period. Results: The overall incidence of ACS with prior CABG was 5.6% out of 8176 patients. The ACS with prior CABG were older (63 vs 55 years, P<0.0001), had more history of diabetes (62.3 vs 37.6%, P <0.0001), dyslipidemia (70.3 vs 29.5%, P<0.0001), and hypertension (75.7 vs 47.8%, P<0.0001) compared with the non-CABG group. They presented more frequently with dyspnea (14.8 vs 9.5%, P<0.0005), non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (41.4 vs 31.6%, P<0.0001) and echocardiographic evidence of left ventricular dysfunction (49.4 vs 29.8%, P<0.0001) than ACS without prior CABG. They had a complicated in-hospital course with more recurrent ischemia (13.9 vs 9.3%, P=0.0011), heart failure (24.1 vs 15.7%), and stroke (2.2 vs 0.6%) compared with those without CABG. The in-hospital mortality rate was 5.6% in the CABG group compared with 3.5% in the ACS without prior CABG group. After adjusting for confounders, prior CABG was independently associated with recurrent ischemia and shock, more in patients presenting with ST elevation than non-ST elevation ACS. Conclusions: Patients with ACS and prior CABG are a high-risk group with poor outcomes irrespective of their older age and comorbidities. They should be identified and treated differently to improve their outcomes. PMID:21915225

  14. Vascular grafting strategies in coronary intervention

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Knight, Darryl; Gillies, Elizabeth; Mequanint, Kibret

    2014-06-01

    With the growing need for coronary revascularizations globally, several strategies to restore blood flow to the heart have been explored. Bypassing the atherosclerotic coronary arteries with autologous grafts, synthetic prostheses and tissue-engineered vascular grafts continue to be evaluated in search of a readily available vascular graft with clinically acceptable outcomes. The development of such a vascular graft including tissue engineering approaches both in situ and in vitro is herein reviewed, facilitating a detailed comparison on the role of seeded cells in vascular graft patency.

  15. Duodenal infusions of palmitic, stearic or oleic acids differently affect mammary gland metabolism of fatty acids in lactating dairy cows.

    PubMed

    Enjalbert, F; Nicot, M C; Bayourthe, C; Moncoulon, R

    1998-09-01

    The effect of dietary lipids on the fatty acid (FA) profile of cows' milk fat is mainly dependent on digestive processes and mammary gland uptake and metabolism of FA. The objective of this study was to determine the separate effects of high arterial concentrations of 16:0, 18:0 and cis-18:1(n-9) on uptake, synthesis and 18:0 desaturation rate in the mammary gland of lactating dairy cows, via arterio-venous differences and mammary gland balance of FA. In a 4 x 4 Latin square, four lactating Holstein cows with cannula in the proximal duodenum were infused duodenally with a mixture providing daily 0 (C treatment) or 500 g FA with mainly 16:0 (P treatment), 18:0 (S treatment) or cis-18:1(n-9) (O treatment). Significantly higher arterial concentrations of infused FA in arterial plasma nonesterified FA and triglycerides (NETGFA) were observed with P and O treatments, but the effect of the S treatment was much lower. Arterio-venous differences of NETGFA increased with arterial concentrations. The number of synthesized FA in the mammary gland was not significantly affected by duodenal infusion of FA. Mean chain length was significantly reduced by P and O treatments, suggesting an effect of mammary gland uptake of long-chain FA on the termination process of mammary gland synthesis of FA. Across all treatments, 4:0 mammary gland balance increased linearly (r = 0.67, P = 0.004) with mammary gland FA uptake. Mammary gland desaturation of 18:0 to cis-18:1(n-9) averaged 52% and was not significantly affected by treatments, but was reduced by trans-18:1 mammary gland uptake. Uptake, synthesis and desaturation of FA by the mammary gland of dairy cows are affected by arterial concentrations of 16:0, 18:0 and cis-18:1(n-9). PMID:9732314

  16. Transplant Renal Artery Stenosis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    EBERHARD RITZ; SIMONA BRUNO; GIUSEPPE REMUZZI; PIERO RUGGENENTI

    2004-01-01

    Transplant renal artery stenosis (TRAS) is a recog- nized, potentially curable cause of posttransplant arterial hy- pertension, allograft dysfunction, and graft loss. It usually occurs 3 mo to 2 yr after transplantation, but early or later presentations are not uncommon. The prevalence ranges widely from 1 to 23% in different series, reflecting the heter- ogeneous criteria used to establish the

  17. Upper limb grafts for hemodialysis access.

    PubMed

    Shemesh, David; Goldin, Ilya; Verstandig, Anthony; Berelowitz, Daniel; Zaghal, Ibrahim; Olsha, Oded

    2015-01-01

    Arteriovenous (AV) grafts are required for hemodialysis access when options for native fistulas have been fully exhausted, where they continue to play an important role in hemodialysis patients, offering a better alternative to central vein catheters. When planning autogenous accesses using Doppler ultrasound, adequate arterial inflow and venous outflow must be consciously preserved for future access creation with grafts. Efforts to improve graft patency include changing graft configuration, graft biology and hemodynamics. Industry offers early cannulation grafts to reduce central catheter use and a bioengineered graft is undergoing clinical studies. Although the outcome of AV grafts is inferior to fistulas, grafts can provide long-term hemodialysis access that is a better alternative to central venous catheters. AV grafts have significant drawbacks, mainly poor patency, infection and cost but also have some advantages: early maturation, ease of creation and needling and widespread availability. The outcome of AV graft surgery is variable from center to center. The primary patency rate for AV grafts is 58% at 6 months and the secondary patency rate is 76% at 6 months and 55% at 18 months. There are centers of excellence that report a 1 year secondary patency rate of up to 91%. In this review of the use of AV grafts for hemodialysis access in the upper extremities, technical issues involved in planning the access and performing the surgery in its different configurations are discussed and the role of surveillance and maintenance with their attendant surgical and radiological interventions is described. PMID:25751548

  18. Plant grafting.

    PubMed

    Melnyk, Charles W; Meyerowitz, Elliot M

    2015-03-01

    Since ancient times, people have cut and joined together plants of different varieties or species so they would grow as a single plant - a process known as grafting (Figures 1 and 2). References to grafting appear in the Bible, ancient Greek and ancient Chinese texts, indicating that grafting was practised in Europe, the Middle East and Asia by at least the 5(th) century BCE. It is unknown where or how grafting was first discovered, but it is likely that natural grafting, the process by which two plants touch and fuse limbs or roots in the absence of human interference (Figure 3), influenced people's thinking. Such natural grafts are generally uncommon, but are seen in certain species, including English ivy. Parasitic plants, such as mistletoe, that grow and feed on often unrelated species may have also contributed to the development of grafting as a technique, as people would have observed mistletoe growing on trees such as apples or poplars. PMID:25734263

  19. Secretion of estradiol-17beta by porcine mammary gland of ovariectomized steroid-treated sows.

    PubMed

    Staszkiewicz, J; Franczak, A; Kotwica, G; Koziorowski, M

    2004-03-01

    Although the mammary gland of many species secretes estradiol (E(2)), nothing is known of E(2) secretion in the porcine gland. The present study was designed to investigate whether porcine mammary gland was a source of E(2), and to test the influence of individual and combined effects of exogenous progesterone and estradiol benzoate (EB) on the secretion of E(2). Immature crossbred gilts were ovariectomized at 7 months of age followed by 4 weeks later by steroid hormone replacement therapy to produce estradiol and progesterone (P(4)) blood concentrations similar to those observed during a normal estrous cycle. Arterial and venous blood plasma (from carotid artery and anterior mammary vein, respectively) were sampled for 2h at 10 min intervals. Plasma concentrations of progesterone, androstenedione (A(4)), testosterone (T), estrone (E(1)) and estradiol were determined by RIA. In all gilts treated with progesterone alone or in combination with EB, concentrations of P(4), A(4) and E(1) in blood collected from venous outflow were lower compared to concentrations in arterial blood, whereas concentrations of E(2) were higher in blood plasma from the anterior mammary vein compared to plasma from the carotid artery. The results indicated that the porcine mammary gland secreted E(2). Increased concentrations of plasma E(2) collected only from P(4)-treated animals suggested that progesterone activated enzymes involved in steroidogenesis in porcine mammary gland, or those utilized in its metabolism. PMID:14749051

  20. Angiographic results after the use of a sutureless aortic connector for proximal vein graft anastomoses

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lars Wiklund; Mogens Bugge; Eva Berglin

    2002-01-01

    The sutureless aortic connector system was recently developed to create anastomoses between the aorta and saphenous vein grafts for coronary artery bypass grafting. Ten consecutive patients scheduled for coronary artery bypass grafting were studied; in each patient one proximal anastomosis was performed using the aortic connector and another was sutured in the conventional manner to serve as the patient‘s own

  1. Primary Stenting of Subclavian and Innominate Artery Occlusive Disease: A Single Center's Experience

    SciTech Connect

    Brountzos, E. N., E-mail: platanos@hol.qr; Petersen, B.; Binkert, C.; Panagiotou, I.; Kaufman, J. A. [Oregon Health Sciences University, Dotter Interventional Institute (United States)

    2004-11-15

    Purpose: To review immediate and midterm results of primary stenting for innominate and subclavian artery occlusive lesions. Methods: Retrospective data were collected from 48 consecutive symptomatic patients (27 men and 21 women, median age 64 years) having 49 subclavian and innominate artery lesions treated with stenting. Of the patients 52% had concomitant ischemic heart disease, and 30% had carotid and/or vertebral artery disease. Indication for treatment was vertebrobasilar insufficiency (VBI) in 16.6% of the patients; upper limb ischemia (ULI) in 31.3%; VBI and ULI in 12.5%; transient ischemic attack in 16.7%; angina in 12.5% before or after left internal mammary artery-to-coronary artery bypass grafting; and leg claudication in 10.4% before or after axillofemoral bypass grafting. Balloon-expandable stents were used in 44 lesions and self-expandable stents in 5 lesions. In total, 53 stents were placed in 48 patients. Results: Technical success was 96%, and clinical success 94%. We encountered four complications (two puncture site hematomas, one distal hand embolization and one transient cerebral ischemia). Two patients died within 30 days from other causes, and seven patients were lost to follow-up. Mean follow-up time was 16.7 months (range 0.3 to 68.2). Five patients had recurrent lesions treated by surgical (n = 2) or endovascular (n = 3) means. Cumulative primary patency rate was 91.7% and 77% at 12 and 24 months, respectively. Cumulative secondary patency rate was 96.5% and 91.7% at 12 and 24 months, respectively. Conclusion: Stenting of subclavian and innominate artery lesions resulted in immediate resolution of patients' symptoms with durable midterm effect and few complications in a larger patient group with serious comorbid conditions.

  2. Cellular, molecular and immunological mechanisms in the pathophysiology of vein graft intimal hyperplasia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Amit K Mitra; Deepak M Gangahar; Devendra K Agrawal

    2006-01-01

    Coronary artery disease, leading to myocardial infarction and ischaemia, affects millions of persons and is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Invasive techniques such as coronary artery bypass grafting are used to alleviate the sequelae of arterial occlusion. Unfortunately, restenosis or occlusion of the grafted conduit occurs over a time frame of months to years with

  3. Robotically enhanced totally endoscopic right internal thoracic coronary artery bypass to the right coronary artery.

    PubMed

    Aybek, T; Dogan, S; Andressen, E; Mierdl, S; Westphal, K; Moritz, A; Wimmer-Greinecker, G

    2000-01-01

    Computer-enhanced telemanipulation systems allow totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting. This report demonstrates the feasibility of a coronary artery anastomosis between the right internal thoracic artery and the right coronary artery using the daVinci surgical system (Intuitive Surgical, Inc, Mountain View, CA). PMID:11178295

  4. Mapping of Autogenous Saphenous Veins as an Imaging Adjunct to Peripheral MR Angiography in Patients with Peripheral Arterial Occlusive Disease and Peripheral Bypass Grafting: Prospective Comparison with Ultrasound and Intraoperative Findings

    PubMed Central

    Jah-Kabba, Ann-Marie Bintu Munda; Kukuk, Guido Matthias; Hadizadeh, Dariusch Reza; Träber, Frank; Koscielny, Arne; Kabba, Mustapha Sundifu; Verrel, Frauke; Schild, Hans Heinz; Willinek, Winfried Albert

    2014-01-01

    Background Mapping of the great saphenous vein is very important for planning of peripheral and coronary bypass surgery. This study investigated mapping of the great saphenous vein as an adjunct to peripheral MR angiography using a blood pool contrast agent in patients who were referred for evaluation of peripheral arterial occlusive disease and bypass surgery. Methods 38 patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease (21 men; mean age: 71 years, range, 44–88 years) underwent peripheral MR angiography using the blood pool contrast agent Gadofosveset trisodium. Apart from primary arterial assessment images were evaluated in order to determine great saphenous vein diameters at three levels: below the saphenofemoral junction, mid thigh and 10 cm above the knee joint (usability: diameter range: >3 and <10 mm at one level and >3.5 and <10 mm at a neighboring level). Duplex ultrasound was performed by an independent examiner providing diameter measurements at the same levels. Additionally, vessel usability was determined intraoperatively by the vascular surgeon during subsequent bypass surgery. Results Mean venous diameters for MR angiography/duplex ultrasound were 5.4±2.6/5.5±2.8 mm (level 1), 4.7±2.7/4.6±2.9 mm (level 2) and 4.4±2.2/4.5±2.3 mm (level 3), respectively, without significant differences between the modalities (P?=?0.207/0.806/0.518). Subsequent surgery was performed in 27/38 patients. A suitable saphenous vein was diagnosed in 25 and non-usability was diagnosed in 2 of the 27 patients based on MR angiography/duplex ultrasound, respectively. Usability was confirmed by intraoperative assessment in all of the 24 patients that received a venous bypass graft in subsequent bypass surgery. In 1 case, in which the great saphenous vein was assessed as useable by both MR angiography and duplex ultrasound, it was not used during subsequent bypass surgery due to the patients clinical condition and comorbidities. Conclusion Simultaneous mapping of the great saphenous vein as an imaging adjunct to peripheral MR angiography with a blood pool contrast agent is an alternative to additive duplex ultrasound in patients undergoing subsequent peripheral bypass grafting. PMID:25405867

  5. Endovascular aneurysm repair using the periscope graft technique for thoracic aortic anastomotic pseudoaneurysm.

    PubMed

    Hashizume, Kenichi; Shimizu, Hideyuki; Koizumi, Kiyoshi; Inoue, Shinya

    2013-04-01

    Replacement of an artificial graft in a redo lateral thoracotomy is extremely difficult with a high risk of lung injury. Endovascular intervention may be an ideal option in such conditions, as in the following case. A 75-year old man with a history of coronary artery bypass graft surgery developed a proximal anastomotic pseudoaneurysm 1 year after undergoing artificial proximal descending aorta replacement surgery. Thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair was performed successfully using the periscope graft technique to preserve the flow into the left subclavian artery from the distal side of the aortic stent graft. Since the patient had coronary artery bypass grafting, debranching of the left subclavian artery was considered too risky. Using the periscope graft technique, the pseudoaneurysm was successfully repaired preserving the left subclavian artery patency, thus obviating a side-to-side subclavian artery crossover bypass. PMID:23257472

  6. The risks of moderate and extreme obesity for coronary artery bypass grafting outcomes: a study from the Society of Thoracic Surgeons’ database

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ganga Prabhakar; Constance K Haan; Eric D Peterson; Laura P Coombs; Jose L Cruzzavala; Gordon F Murray

    2002-01-01

    BackgroundObesity is epidemic in the United States and afflicts 97 million adults. Prior single center studies have been contradictory as to obese patients having higher risks with coronary artery bypass operations. Our objective was to assess the independent effect of both moderate (body mass index [BMI], 35 to 39.9) and extreme (BMI ? 40) obesity on bypass operation outcomes using

  7. Reoperative coronary artery bypass via left thoracotomy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hirofumi Ide; Tatsuo Fujiki; Ken-ji Nonaka; Ryoichi Ishida; Kentarou Imamura; Ken-ichi Sudo

    2000-01-01

    The patient was a 49-year-old woman. When she was 39 years old, she underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (left internal\\u000a thoracic artery to left anterior descending artery, saphenous vein graft to first diagonal branch). At the age 48, she had\\u000a effort angina. On coronary angiography, triple-vessel disease was found, and she was treated conservatively. Progression of\\u000a the disease was confirmed

  8. Crossed bypass femoro-femoralis in patient with external iliac artery occlusion in the course of septic hemorrhage after renal graft explantatation.

    PubMed

    Sie?ko, Jerzy; Tejchman, Karol; Cnotliwy, Mi?os?aw; Falkowski, Aleksander; Nowacki, Maciej; Ostrowski, Marek

    2006-01-01

    Blood vessel complications are one of most important problems in patients after renal transplantation. They influence graft chances and they are also often direct life threat, requiring fast diagnosis and immediate surgical treatment. Described case concern septic hemorrhage in vessel junction region after transplant nephrectomy, reoperated 5 times because of this complication. We discuss occurrence and severity of septic hemorrhages, usual coexisting complications, ways of surgical treatment, course of infections leading to hemorrhage and similar cases reported. As the most frequent surgical techniques we found bypass axillo-femoralis, femoro-femoralis suprapubic and through formanen obturatorius and this kind of treatment as the most effective. PMID:17494294

  9. The art of arterial revascularization—total arterial revascularization in patients with triple vessel coronary artery disease

    PubMed Central

    Hayward, Philip A.

    2013-01-01

    The use of the left internal thoracic artery to graft the left anterior descending artery has been widely accepted as the gold standard for surgical treatment of coronary disease for over 40 years. However the use of multiple other arterial grafts to support this has not been accepted readily, in spite of evidence of superiority over saphenous vein grafts, probably because of perceptions of technical complexity, time constraints for conduit harvesting and increased peri-operative complications. As a result, even today most patients with multivessel coronary artery disease do not receive the potential benefits of extensive or total arterial revascularization. We discuss here the use of contemporary techniques and grafts configurations to simplify this, and the safety and benefit data underpinning this practice. Current patency data confirm that a left internal thoracic artery graft performs well beyond 20 years, with over 80% freedom from failure, but accumulating data suggest that the right internal thoracic artery behaves in the same way. Radial artery grafts are being studied in several randomized trials, but observational studies already suggest a performance which compares favourably with saphenous vein. Total arterial revascularization is achievable in most patients with a small but acceptable increase in risk of sternal complications when certain defined subgroups are excluded. PMID:23977634

  10. The art of arterial revascularization-total arterial revascularization in patients with triple vessel coronary artery disease.

    PubMed

    Buxton, Brian F; Hayward, Philip A

    2013-07-01

    The use of the left internal thoracic artery to graft the left anterior descending artery has been widely accepted as the gold standard for surgical treatment of coronary disease for over 40 years. However the use of multiple other arterial grafts to support this has not been accepted readily, in spite of evidence of superiority over saphenous vein grafts, probably because of perceptions of technical complexity, time constraints for conduit harvesting and increased peri-operative complications. As a result, even today most patients with multivessel coronary artery disease do not receive the potential benefits of extensive or total arterial revascularization. We discuss here the use of contemporary techniques and grafts configurations to simplify this, and the safety and benefit data underpinning this practice. Current patency data confirm that a left internal thoracic artery graft performs well beyond 20 years, with over 80% freedom from failure, but accumulating data suggest that the right internal thoracic artery behaves in the same way. Radial artery grafts are being studied in several randomized trials, but observational studies already suggest a performance which compares favourably with saphenous vein. Total arterial revascularization is achievable in most patients with a small but acceptable increase in risk of sternal complications when certain defined subgroups are excluded. PMID:23977634

  11. Efficacy of coronary artery bypass surgery with gastroepiploic artery. Assessment with thallium 201 myocardial scintigraphy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Kusukawa; Y. Hirota; K. Kawamura; H. Suma; A. Takeuchi; I. Adachi; H. Akagi

    1989-01-01

    This study describes the efficacy of the right gastroepiploic artery (GEA) as graft material for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) as assessed by exercise thallium 201 myocardial scintigraphy in eight patients (age, 59.4 {plus minus} 9.35 years (mean {plus minus} SD)) who underwent CABG with the GEA graft in the past 2 years. Planar and single-photon-emission computed tomographic (SPECT) images

  12. Myocardial revascularization in patients with end-stage renal disease: Comparison of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty and coronary artery bypass grafting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. Ivens; F. Gradaus; P. Heering; F. C. Schoebel; M. Klein; H. D. Schulte; B. E. Strauer; B. Grabensee

    2001-01-01

    Background: Ischemic heart disease is the major cause of death inpatients with end-stage renal disease. The high prevalence of coronary\\u000a artery disease results in a rising number of dialysis patients requiring myocardial revascularisation. Objective: The objective of this study was to compare the outcomes of recurrent angina, myocardial infarction, rate of reinterventions\\u000a and cardiovascular death following percutaneous coronary angioplasty (PTCA)

  13. Case report - Vascular thoracic Aorta non-touch coronary artery bypass grafting after total arch replacement for acute type A aortic dissection

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yosuke Takahashi; Yasushi Tsutsumi; Osamu Monta; Hirokazu Ohashi

    We report successful surgical treatment of coronary artery disease (CAD) in a 53-year-old man. The man was admitted to our hospital due to severe anterior chest pain. He had a surgical history of total arch replacement for acute type A dissection 10 years previously. Angiography showed triple-vessel disease and partial dissection of the descending aorta. To avoid excessive excision and

  14. The Effects of Propofol Cardioplegia on Blood and Myocardial Biomarkers of Stress and Injury in Patients With Isolated Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting or Aortic Valve Replacement Using Cardiopulmonary Bypass: Protocol for a Single-Center Randomized Controlled Trial

    PubMed Central

    Plummer, Zoe E; Baos, Sarah; Rogers, Chris A; Suleiman, M-Saadeh; Bryan, Alan J; Angelini, Gianni D; Hillier, James; Downes, Richard; Nicholson, Eamonn

    2014-01-01

    Background Despite improved myocardial protection strategies, cardioplegic arrest and ischemia still result in reperfusion injury. We have previously published a study describing the effects of propofol (an anesthetic agent commonly used in cardiac surgery) on metabolic stress, cardiac function, and injury in a clinically relevant animal model. We concluded that cardioplegia supplementation with propofol at a concentration relevant to the human clinical setting resulted in improved hemodynamic function, reduced oxidative stress, and reduced reperfusion injury when compared to standard cardioplegia. Objective The Propofol cardioplegia for Myocardial Protection Trial (ProMPT) aims to translate the successful animal intervention to the human clinical setting. We aim to test the hypothesis that supplementation of the cardioplegic solution with propofol will be cardioprotective for patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass graft or aortic valve replacement surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. Methods The trial is a single-center, placebo-controlled, randomized trial with blinding of participants, health care staff, and the research team. Patients aged between 18 and 80 years undergoing nonemergency isolated coronary artery bypass graft or aortic valve replacement surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass at the Bristol Heart Institute are being invited to participate. Participants are randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to either cardioplegia supplementation with propofol (intervention) or cardioplegia supplementation with intralipid (placebo) using a secure, concealed, Internet-based randomization system. Randomization is stratified by operation type and minimized by diabetes mellitus status. Biomarkers of cardiac injury and metabolism are being assessed to investigate any cardioprotection conferred. The primary outcome is myocardial injury, studied by measuring myocardial troponin T. The trial is designed to test hypotheses about the superiority of the intervention within each surgical stratum. The sample size of 96 participants has been chosen to achieve 80% power to detect standardized differences of 0.5 at a significance level of 5% (2-tailed) assuming equal numbers in each surgical stratum. Results A total of 96 patients have been successfully recruited over a 2-year period. Results are to be published in late 2014. Conclusions Designing a practicable method for delivering a potentially protective dose of propofol to the heart during cardiac surgery was challenging. If our approach confirms the potential of propofol to reduce damage during cardiac surgery, we plan to design a larger multicenter trial to detect differences in clinical outcomes. Trial Registration International Standard Randomized Controlled Trial Number (ISRCTN): 84968882; http://www.controlled-trials.com/ISRCTN84968882/ProMPT (Archived by WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/6Qi8A51BS). PMID:25004932

  15. Usefulness of single nucleotide polymorphism in chromosome 4q25 to predict in-hospital and long-term development of atrial fibrillation and survival in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting.

    PubMed

    Virani, Salim S; Brautbar, Ariel; Lee, Vei-Vei; Elayda, Macarthur; Sami, Shehzad; Nambi, Vijay; Frazier, Lorraine; Wilson, James M; Willerson, James T; Boerwinkle, Eric; Ballantyne, Christie M

    2011-05-15

    We aimed to determine whether polymorphisms in chromosome 4q25 are associated with postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF), long-term AF, postoperative or long-term stroke, and long-term survival after coronary artery bypass grafting. We performed genotyping for rs2200733 and rs10033464 in white participants (n = 1,166) from the TexGen genetic registry. The development of postoperative or long-term AF, postoperative or long-term stroke, and long-term mortality were ascertained. Both rs2200733 and rs10033464 were associated with postoperative AF (odds ratio [OR] 1.41, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.04 to 1.91, and OR 1.47, 95% CI 1.05 to 2.06, respectively). Carriers of the risk allele (T) had an increased risk of postoperative AF with preoperative ? blocker (BB) (for rs2200733, OR 1.47, 95% CI 1.004 to 2.16 for those taking a BB, and OR 1.13, 95% CI 0.73 to 1.73 for those not taking a BB; for rs10033464, OR 1.89, 95% CI 1.22 to 2.93 for those taking preoperative a BB, and OR 1.04, 95% CI 0.65 to 1.65 for those not taking a BB). Both rs2200733 and rs10033464 were also associated with long-term AF (hazard ratio 1.32, 95% CI 1.05 to 1.67, and hazard ratio 1.28, 95% CI 1.00 to 1.66, respectively). Carriers of rs2200733 had increased long-term mortality (hazard ratio 1.57, 95% CI 1.10 to 2.24). These variants were not associated with postoperative or long-term stroke. In conclusion, variants in 4q25 are associated with an increased risk of postoperative or long-term AF and, possibly, mortality in whites undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting, and could potentially affect the choice of therapy used to decrease postoperative AF. PMID:21414601

  16. Do patients after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting need the intensive care unit? A prospective audit of 85 patients.

    PubMed

    Noiseux, Nicolas; Bracco, David; Prieto, Ignacio; Hemmerling, Thomas M

    2008-02-01

    With limited resources, cardiac surgery is frequently cancelled due to lack of ICU beds. Immediate postoperative extubation (UFT) is performed in our hospital setting. The aim of the present study is to report patients undergoing off-pump aortocoronary bypass grafting (OPCABG) with immediate extubation and no ICU stay. Eighty-five patients undergoing OPCABG were included. UFT analgesia consisted of high thoracic epidural analgesia (n=65), or PCA morphine (n=20). Discharge criteria from PACU to cardiac ward were: alert, cooperative patient, respiratory rate <25/min, PaO(2)>80 mmHg and PaCO(2)<45 mmHg, temperature >36 degrees C, hemodynamic stability, no bleeding, no ischemia, and sufficient analgesia. More males (71/14) were included. Mean age was 63.4 years, NYHA class III, ejection fraction 59.4. Three grafts were performed in 119 min. Patients were extubated 12+/-2 min after closure. After 428 min in PACU, four patients did not meet ward criteria; three bradycardia requiring pacing, one elevated CK-MB. Two patients returned to the ICU, one for hypertension, and one for hypovolemia. Cardiac complications were: atrial fibrillation (29%), MI=2, bradycardia=3. During the same period, 304 OR-extubated patients spent 21+/-6 h in the ICU. The cost from leaving the OR until the patient reached the cardiac ward was 1265$ for ICU bypass patients vs. 6405$ for ICU patients, the difference representing 5140$ per patient. ICU bypass after OPCABG is safe. By avoiding ICU, this protocol reduces costs, improves resource utilization and may reduce OR cancellation due to ICU bed shortages. PMID:18024492

  17. Comparison of diamond-like carbon-coated nitinol stents with or without polyethylene glycol grafting and uncoated nitinol stents in a canine iliac artery model

    PubMed Central

    Kim, J H; Shin, J H; Shin, D H; Moon, M-W; Park, K; Kim, T-H; Shin, K M; Won, Y H; Han, D K; Lee, K-R

    2011-01-01

    Objective Neointimal hyperplasia is a major complication of endovascular stent placement with consequent in-stent restenosis or occlusion. Improvements in the biocompatibility of stent designs could reduce stent-associated thrombosis and in-stent restenosis. We hypothesised that the use of a diamond-like carbon (DLC)-coated nitinol stent or a polyethylene glycol (PEG)-DLC-coated nitinol stent could reduce the formation of neointimal hyperplasia, thereby improving stent patency with improved biocompatibility. Methods A total of 24 stents were implanted, under general anaesthesia, into the iliac arteries of six dogs (four stents in each dog) using the carotid artery approach. The experimental study dogs were divided into three groups: the uncoated nitinol stent group (n = 8), the DLC-nitinol stent group (n = 8) and the PEG-DLC-nitinol stent group (n = 8). Results The mean percentage of neointimal hyperplasia was significantly less in the DLC-nitinol stent group (26.7±7.6%) than in the nitinol stent group (40.0±20.3%) (p = 0.021). However, the mean percentage of neointimal hyperplasia was significantly greater in the PEG-DLC-nitinol stent group (58.7±24.7%) than in the nitinol stent group (40.0±20.3%) (p = 0.01). Conclusion Our findings indicate that DLC-coated nitinol stents might induce less neointimal hyperplasia than conventional nitinol stents following implantation in a canine iliac artery model; however, the DLC-coated nitinol stent surface when reformed with PEG induces more neointimal hyperplasia than either a conventional or DLC-coated nitinol stent. PMID:21325363

  18. The effect of lavender essential oil on anxiety level in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery: A double-blinded randomized clinical trial

    PubMed Central

    Seifi, Zahra; Beikmoradi, Ali; Oshvandi, Khodayar; Poorolajal, Jalal; Araghchian, Malihe; Safiaryan, Reza

    2014-01-01

    Background: Open heart surgery can cause high levels of anxiety in patients. Nowadays, lavender essential oil is widely used in medical research. This study was conducted with an aim to investigate the effects of lavender essential oil to reduce the anxiety of patients after coronary artery bypass surgery. Materials and Methods: This research is double-blinded randomized controlled trial on 60 patients who had undergone coronary artery bypass surgery in a 2-day intervention targeting reduction of anxiety. This study was conducted in Ekbatan Therapeutic and Educational Center, Hamadan city, Iran, in 2013. The patients in the inhalation aromatherapy group inhaled two drops of 2% lavender essential oil and those in the control group inhaled two drops of distilled water as placebo for 20 min on the 2nd and 3rd days after surgery. The level of anxiety was evaluated by Spielberger's State Anxiety questionnaire before and after intervention and the vital signs were documented as well. Data were analyzed using Stata 11 (Stata Corp., College Station, TX, USA) by independent t-test for continuous variables and Chi-square test for categorical variables. Results: The mean score of anxiety in the aromatherapy group was 48.73 ± 5.08 and in the control group was 48 ± 6.98 before the intervention (P = 0.64), which reduced after the intervention to 42.6 ± 5.44 and 42.73 ± 7.30, respectively. On the 3rd day after surgery, the mean score of anxiety in the aromatherapy group was 46.76 ± 4.07 and in the control group was 46.53 ± 7.05 before the intervention, which reduced to 41.33 ± 3.65 and 41.56 ± 6.18, respectively, after the intervention. However, there was no statistically significant difference in the mean scores of anxiety between the aromatherapy and control groups. Conclusions: Lavender essential oil has no significant effect on anxiety in patients after coronary artery bypass surgery, although it decreased the level of anxiety in the patients. PMID:25558253

  19. Impact of Early Discharge After Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery on Rates of Hospital Readmission and Death fn1 fn1 This study was supported by Research Grants HS06503 and HS08805-02 from the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research, Rockville, Maryland and was presented in part at the 45th Annual Scientific Session of the American College of Cardiology, Orlando, Florida, March 1996

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Patricia A. Cowper; Eric D. Peterson; Elizabeth R. DeLong; James G. Jollis; Lawrence H. Muhlbaier; Daniel B. Mark

    1997-01-01

    Objectives. This study examined the impact of early hospital discharge on short-term clinical outcomes of elderly patients treated with coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) in the United States in 1992.Background. Protocols that encourage earlier discharge of patients who have had CABG have been implemented across the country. Although delivery of efficient care benefits both patients and providers, premature discharge

  20. Hepatic Artery Calcification in a Liver Transplant Recipient

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. M. Eisele; G. Schumacher; P. Podrabsky; B. Stange; M. Glanemann

    2009-01-01

    The abdominal aorta and the renal, mesenteric, and splenic arteries are frequently affected with arterial wall calcification upon increasing age; the hepatic artery is far less often found to be calcified. We report the case of a liver transplant recipient who presented with a calcified hepatic artery in the liver graft 13 years after transplantation for primary sclerosing cholangitis. Although

  1. Adult Patent Ductus Arteriosus: Treatment with a Stent-Graft

    SciTech Connect

    Munoz, J.J., E-mail: jjmrc@telefonica.net; Urbaneja, A.; Gonzalez, N.; Martinez, J.L. [Carlos Haya Hospital, Departments of Radiology and Cardiovascular Surgery (Spain)

    2008-03-15

    We present the case of a 63-year-old woman with a short patent ductus arteriosus and aneurysmal pulmonary arteries who was treated by placement of a stent-graft. The technique proved simple and safe. Further research is required to improve the design of stent-grafts and their release system for use of this technique in adult patients with this disorder.

  2. Minimizing aortic manipulation during OPCAB using the symmetry aortic connector system for proximal vein graft anastomoses

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Friedrich S Eckstein; Luis F Bonilla; Lars Englberger; Edouard Stauffer; Todd A Berg; Jürg Schmidli; Thierry P Carrel

    2001-01-01

    Background. Since minimal invasive techniques have become increasingly common in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), there has been renewed interest in facilitated mechanical anastomoses devices that might have the potential of replacing the standard suturing techniques in vascular anastomoses. We report our initial experience with the successful creation of mechanical proximal vein graft anastomoses in off-pump coronary artery bypass operations.Methods.

  3. The impact of uncertainty on shape optimization of idealized bypass graft models in unsteady flow

    E-print Network

    Marsden, Alison L.

    idealized numerical examples, an end-to-side anastomosis, and a bypass graft around a stenosis, demonstrate graft can result in localized, un- steady, and turbulent flow depending on the size of stenosis that is bypassed. Bypass grafts are used in both coronary artery disease and peripheral vascular disease

  4. Coronary graft patency after perioperative myocardial infarction: a study with multislice computed tomography.

    PubMed

    Bassiri, Hosseinali; Nematollahi, Alireza; Noohi, Fereidoun; Hashemi, Jafar; Motevali, Marzieh; Givtaj, Nader; Raissi, Kamal; Haghjoo, Majid

    2011-04-01

    A total of 55 consecutive patients who experienced perioperative myocardial infarction (MI) after coronary artery bypass grafting were studied using multislice computed tomography (MSCT) angiography to evaluate for graft patency. The MSCT detected acute graft occlusion in 23% grafts. Of the 55 patients, 40% patients had occluded grafts and perioperative MI in the area of the grafted vessels; remaining 60% had patent grafts with infarction in the area of the grafted vessels. Compared with the patients with patent grafts, those with occluded grafts had a higher blood sugar level. In addition, graft occlusion was higher in grafts with severe distal disease. Among the patients with patent grafts, luminal stenosis of the native vessels supplying the infarcted myocardium was higher than that in the native vessels supplying the non-infarcted myocardium. In conclusion, MSCT is feasible for the assessment of graft patency in the setting of perioperative MI. Graft occlusion is detected in less than half of the cases and usually occurs in the grafts with severe distal involvement and the patients with uncontrolled hyperglycemia. In patients with patent grafts, the severity of luminal stenosis of the native grafted vessel is the main predisposing factor for perioperative MI. PMID:21273253

  5. Is body size the cause for poor outcomes of coronary artery bypass operations in women?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    George T. Christakis; Richard D. Weisel; Karen J. Buth; Stephen E. Fremes; Vivek Rao; Kostas P. Panagiotopoulos; Joan Ivanov; Bernard S. Goldman; Tirone E. David

    1995-01-01

    Although small body size and coronary artery diameter are recognized as major contributors to the increased risk of coronary artery bypass grafting in women, few studies have established the independent influence of body size and gender on outcome. We studied 7025 consecutive patients (5694 men, 1331 women) undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass grafting between 1990 and 1994. Women were older,

  6. Safety and efficacy of one stage off-pump coronary artery operation and carotid endarterectomy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zile Singh Meharwal; Anil Mishra; Naresh Trehan

    2002-01-01

    Background. Patients with concomitant occlusive disease of coronary and carotid arteries remain at high risk of perioperative stroke and myocardial infarction. Combined coronary artery bypass grafting on cardiopulmonary bypass and carotid endarterectomy has been shown to give good results for this category of patients. In the present study, we analyzed our results of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting and carotid

  7. Usefulness of Single Nucleotide Polymorphism in Chromosome 4q25 to Predict In-Hospital and Long Term Development of Atrial Fibrillation and Survival in Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

    PubMed Central

    Virani, Salim S.; Brautbar, Ariel; Lee, Vei-Vei; Elayda, MacArthur; Sami, Shehzad; Nambi, Vijay; Frazier, Lorraine; Wilson, James M; Willerson, James T; Boerwinkle, Eric; Ballantyne, Christie M

    2011-01-01

    We aimed to determine whether polymorphisms in chromosome 4q25 are associated with postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF), long term AF, postoperative or long term stroke, and long term survival after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). We performed genotyping for rs2200733 and rs10033464 in Caucasian participants (n=1,166) of TexGen genetic registry. Development of postoperative or long term AF, postoperative or long term stroke, and long term mortality were ascertained. Both rs2200733 and rs10033464 were associated with postoperative AF (odds ratio [OR]=1.41, 95% confidence interval [CI]; 1.04–1.91, and OR=1.47, 95% CI; 1.05–2.06, respectively). Carriers of the risk allele (T) had an increased risk of postoperative AF with preoperative beta blocker (BB) (for rs2200733: OR=1.47, 95% CI; 1.004–2.16 for those on BB, and OR=1.13, 95% CI; 0.73–1.73 for those not on BB; for rs10033464: OR=1.89, 95% CI; 1.22–2.93 for those on pre-operative BB, and OR=1.04, 95% CI; 0.65–1.65 for those not on BB). Both rs2200733 and rs10033464 were also associated with long term AF (hazards ratio [HR]=1.32, 95% CI; 1.05–1.67, and HR=1.28, 95% CI; 1.00–1.66, respectively). Carriers of rs2200733 had increased long term mortality (HR=1.57, 95% CI; 1.10–2.24). These variants were not associated with postoperative or long term stroke. In conclusion, variants in 4q25 are associated with an increased risk of postoperative or long term AF, and possibly mortality in Caucasians undergoing CABG, and could potentially affect the choice of therapy used to decrease postoperative AF. PMID:21414601

  8. Expression of prolactin receptors in normal canine mammary tissue, canine mammary adenomas and mammary adenocarcinomas

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Mammary tumors represent the most common neoplastic disease in female dogs. Recently, the promoting role of prolactin (PRL) in the development of human breast carcinoma has been shown. Possible proliferative, anti-apoptotic, migratory and angiogenic effects of PRL on human mammary cancer cells in vitro and in vivo were suggested. The effects of PRL are mediated by its receptor, and alterations in receptor expression are likely to play a role in tumor development. Currently, not much data is available about prolactin receptor (PRLR) expression in canine mammary tumors. To set the basis for investigations on the role of PRL in mammary tumorigenesis in this species, prolactin receptor expression was evaluated by semi-quantitative real time PCR and immunohistochemistry on 10 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded samples each of canine non-neoplastic mammary tissue, mammary adenomas and adenocarcinomas. Results The highest PRLR expression levels were found in normal mammary tissue, while adenomas, and to an even higher degree adenocarcinomas, showed a significant decrease in prolactin receptor expression. Compared to normal tissue, PRLR mRNA was reduced 2.4 fold (p?=?0.0261) in adenomas and 4.8 fold (p?=?0.008) in adenocarcinomas. PRLR mRNA expression was significantly lower in malignant than in benign lesions (p?=?0.0165). Immunohistochemistry demonstrated PRLR expression in all three tissue types with signals mostly limited to epithelial cells. Conclusions Malignant transformation of mammary tissue was associated with a decline in prolactin receptor expression. Further studies are warranted to address the functional significance of this finding. PMID:22647582

  9. Hypogastric preservation with Viabahn stent graft during endovascular aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Friedman, Steven G; Wun, Herrick

    2011-08-01

    The presence of bilateral iliac aneurysms extending to the iliac bifurcations, in conjunction with an abdominal aortic aneurysm, complicates endovascular repair because of the difficulty of preserving one or both hypogastric arteries. Several open techniques have been suggested for hypogastric preservation, but they usually involve some type of anatomic or extra-anatomic bypass. Endovascular techniques for hypogastric preservation include branch iliac grafts, chimney grafts, and bellbottom limbs. We report the use of a Viabahn stent graft (W. L. Gore and Associates, Flagstaff, Ariz) within the iliac limb of a Powerlink device (Endologix, Inc, Irvine, Calif) to preserve a hypogastric artery. PMID:21367568

  10. 422 Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 2008, Vol. 29, No. 2 Hye Yeong Nam et al. Reduced Burst Release from ePTFE Grafts

    E-print Network

    Park, Jong-Sang

    December 12, 2007 Hemodialysis graft coated with paclitaxel prevents stenosis; however, large initial burst-venous (AV) grafts between the common carotid artery and the external jugular vein. 12 weeks after reduced stenosis of the arteriovenous hemodialysis grafts, especially at the graft venous anastomosis

  11. Thoracic Aorta to Femoral Artery Bypass Allows Secondary Kidney Transplantation in Case of Major Iliac Artery Disease.

    PubMed

    Monnot, Antoine; Lebras, Marie Lainay; Rouer, Martin; Plissonnier, Didier

    2015-07-01

    Iliac artery major calcifications can compromise kidney graft. First-performed prosthetic arterial bypass from the thoracic aorta to the femoral artery allows secondary kidney transplantation. Four patients were submitted to this procedure. No patient died during the postoperative period or the follow-up. The median time to receive a kidney graft after the arterial surgery was 24 months (4-52). The normalization of the sera creatinine level was 6.4 days (2-15). The median follow-up was 38 months (7-79). In our experience, using lateral side clamping of the descendant thoracic aorta during the proximal implantation of the arterial graft avoids bleeding and visceral abdominal ischemia. The secondary performed kidney graft is safe on a very available arterial conduit. PMID:25958119

  12. Impacts of Intraoperative Flow on Graft Patency of Sequential and Individual Saphenous Vein Grafts

    PubMed Central

    Takazawa, Akitoshi; Nakajima, Hiroyuki; Iguchi, Atsushi; Tabata, Mimiko; Morita, Kozo; Koike, Hiroyuki; Uwabe, Kazuhiko; Asakura, Toshihisa; Niinami, Hiroshi

    2015-01-01

    Objective We sought to delineate the predictor of saphenous vein graft (SVG) failure and to evaluate the impact of sequential grafting of SVG on graft flow as the significant predictor of patency. Methods Angiograms and clinical records of 439 patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting with aortocoronary SVG were reviewed. Of these, 708 distal anastomoses were created by 480 SVGs. Of 349 patients who underwent isolated coronary artery bypass grafting, operation was performed with an off-pump technique in 347 patients (99%). For 90 patients, a combined procedure on cardiopulmonary bypass was performed. A postoperative angiography was performed in 230 SVGs for clinical reasons. Insufficient flow (IF) was defined as a graft flow of 20 mL/min or less, measured by transit-time Doppler flowmetry during operation. Results In 480 SVGs, 44 (9.2%) presented IF, and 24 SVGs presented partial or total occlusion. Six of the nine failed individual SVG had IF, whereas none of the failed sequential SVG was associated with IF. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses demonstrated that IF (P = 0.002; odds ratio, 6.63) and sequential grafting (P = 0.004; odds ratio, 2.51) were significantly correlated with a failure of the SVG. The patency rate of sequential SVG to the most distal target was 78/93 (83.9%), which was significantly lower than 9/139 (93.5%) of the individual SVG (P = 0.02) and 7/113 (93.8%) of the sequential SVG to proximal targets (P = 0.02). Conclusions When both targets seem to have sufficient demand, avoidance of sequential grafting would be reasonable. Moreover, the important target should be grafted by individual grafting or sequential proximal anastomosis. PMID:25803775

  13. Endovascular Exclusion of an External Carotid Artery Pseudoaneurysm Using a Covered Stent

    SciTech Connect

    Riesenman, Paul J. [University of North Carolina Hospitals, Department of Surgery, Division of Vascular Surgery (United States); Mendes, Robert R.; Mauro, Matthew A. [University of North Carolina Hospitals, Department of Radiology, Division of Vascular and Interventional Radiology (United States); Farber, Mark A. [University of North Carolina Hospitals, Department of Surgery, Division of Vascular Surgery (United States)], E-mail: farberm@med.unc.edu

    2007-09-15

    Aneurysmal lesions of the external carotid artery are extremely rare. A case is presented of a 3.8 cm right external carotid artery pseudoaneurysm treated by transluminal exclusion using an endovascular stent-graft. Following stent-graft placement, complete occlusion of the aneurysmal sac and main vessel lumen patency was successfully demonstrated. This report demonstrates the technical feasibility of utilizing stent-grafts to treat aneurysmal lesions involving the external carotid artery.

  14. Design and development of multilayer vascular graft

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Madhavan, Krishna

    2011-07-01

    Vascular graft is a widely-used medical device for the treatment of vascular diseases such as atherosclerosis and aneurysm as well as for the use of vascular access and pediatric shunt, which are major causes of mortality and morbidity in this world. Dysfunction of vascular grafts often occurs, particularly for grafts with diameter less than 6mm, and is associated with the design of graft materials. Mechanical strength, compliance, permeability, endothelialization and availability are issues of most concern for vascular graft materials. To address these issues, we have designed a biodegradable, compliant graft made of hybrid multilayer by combining an intimal equivalent, electrospun heparin-impregnated poly-epsilon-caprolactone nanofibers, with a medial equivalent, a crosslinked collagen-chitosan-based gel scaffold. The intimal equivalent is designed to build mechanical strength and stability suitable for in vivo grafting and to prevent thrombosis. The medial equivalent is designed to serve as a scaffold for the activity of the smooth muscle cells important for vascular healing and regeneration. Our results have shown that genipin is a biocompatible crosslinker to enhance the mechanical properties of collagen-chitosan based scaffolds, and the degradation time and the activity of smooth muscle cells in the scaffold can be modulated by the crosslinking degree. For vascular grafting and regeneration in vivo, an important design parameter of the hybrid multilayer is the interface adhesion between the intimal and medial equivalents. With diametrically opposite affinities to water, delamination of the two layers occurs. Physical or chemical modification techniques were thus used to enhance the adhesion. Microscopic examination and graft-relevant functional characterizations have been performed to evaluate these techniques. Results from characterization of microstructure and functional properties, including burst strength, compliance, water permeability and suture strength, showed that the multilayer graft possessed properties mimicking those of native vessels. Achieving these FDA-required functional properties is essential because they play critical roles in graft performances in vivo such as thrombus formation, occlusion, healing, and bleeding. In addition, cell studies and animal studies have been performed on the multilayer graft. Our results show that the multilayer graft support mimetic vascular culture of cells and the acellular graft serves as an artery equivalent in vivo to sustain the physiological conditions and promote appropriate cellular activity. In conclusion, the newly-developed hybrid multilayer graft provides a proper balance of biomechanical and biochemical properties and demonstrates the potential for the use of vascular tissue engineering and regeneration.

  15. Coronary fistula between the left anterior descending coronary artery and the pulmonary artery: Two case reports

    PubMed Central

    Ibrahim, Mohamed F.; Sayed, Sameh; Elasfar, Abdelfatah; Sallam, Ayman; Fadl, Mazin; Al Baradai, Abdulaziz

    2012-01-01

    Coronary artery fistulae are rare congenital or acquired connections between the coronary vessels and the cardiac chambers or other vascular structures. We present two consecutive cases of coronary fistulae between the proximal left anterior descending artery (LAD) and the main pulmonary artery. Both cases where admitted with history of acute coronary syndromes and had multivessel coronary disease along with coronary pulmonary fistulae. The two cases were managed by coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and repair of the fistulae. PMID:24174833

  16. Oblique venotomy with parallelogram anastomosis in sequential bypass grafting.

    PubMed

    Ohashi, Takeki; Iida, Hiroshi; Kageyama, Souichirou; Furui, Masato; Uchino, Gaku; Kodani, Noriko

    2015-07-01

    The proximal vein graft is incised obliquely and anastomosed to the coronary artery to ensure that the proximal rim of the vein incision is adjusted to the lateral side of the coronary artery incision adjacent to the proximal rim. So the vein graft can be placed perpendicular to the coronary artery without kinking, and the anastomosis orifice can be made wider than those made with diamond anastomosis. Oblique venotomy with parallelogram anastomosis provides sufficient anastomotic flow, allows long incisions, and prevents kinking. PMID:25833180

  17. Primary anastomotic bonding in polytetrafluoroethylene grafts?

    PubMed

    Quiñones-Baldrich, W J; Ziomek, S; Henderson, T; Moore, W S

    1987-02-01

    Previous studies have demonstrated that standard knitted and woven fabric grafts are forever dependent on the suture material for anastomotic tensile strength. Clinical experience with polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) and double velour knitted grafts have shown that there is extensive fibrous capsular bonding between the graft and the surrounding tissues. This would lead to increased anastomotic tensile strength. To test this theory, 34 mongrel dogs underwent replacement of their infrarenal aortas with grafts made of PTFE (10 dogs), of double velour knitted Dacron (DVD, 11 dogs), of single velour knitted Dacron (SVD, 5 dogs), and of woven Dacron (WD, 8 dogs). One anastomosis was constructed with 5-0 Prolene and the opposite anastomosis was constructed with 5-0 Dexon (average absorption time, 21 days). In five grafts each of PTFE and DVD, as well as in all eight WD grafts, the midgraft was divided and resutured with 5-0 Dexon. All grafts were harvested together with adjacent proximal and distal aorta between 3 and 10 months from the time of implantation. The tensile strength of each anastomosis was measured with a tensiometer. The mean graft-to-artery (absorbable suture) anastomotic tensile strength, in pounds, for PTFE (14.3) and DVD (12.6) was significantly higher than that for SVD (6.9) or WD (7.2) (p less than 0.003). Graft-to-graft anastomotic tensile strength for PTFE (mean 17.3) was significantly better than that for DVD (mean 9.0; p less than 0.03) or WD (mean 7.9; p less than 0.001). Analysis of anastomotic tensile strength as a function of time revealed continued increase in PTFE in contrast to a slow decline with time in DVD.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:2950244

  18. Systemic Artery to Pulmonary Artery Fistula Associated with Mitral Regurgitation: Successful Treatment with Endovascular Embolization

    SciTech Connect

    Iwazawa, Jin, E-mail: iwazawa.jin@nissay-hp.or.j [Nissay Hospital, Department of Radiology (Japan); Nakamura, Kenji; Hamuro, Masao; Nango, Mineyoshi; Sakai, Yukimasa; Nishida, Norifumi [Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Radiology (Japan)

    2008-07-15

    We present the case of a 60-year-old woman with symptomatic mitral regurgitation caused by a left-to-right shunt via anastomoses consisting of microfistulae, most likely of inflammatory origin, between the right subclavian artery and the right pulmonary artery. The three arteries responsible for fistulous formation, including the internal mammary, thyrocervical, and lateral thoracic arteries, were successfully occluded by transcatheter embolization using superabsorbent polymer microsphere (SAP-MS) particles combined with metallic coils. No complications have been identified following treatment with SAP-MS particles. This approach significantly reduced the patient's mitral regurgitation and she has remained asymptomatic for more than 4 years.

  19. Harvesting the radial artery

    PubMed Central

    Osterday, Robert M.; Brodman, Richard F.

    2013-01-01

    The radial artery (RA) has emerged as an important arterial graft for coronary bypass surgery. With improving five-year patency rates and increasing uptake, great attention has been focused on the optimal conduit harvesting technique. We herein present our approach to RA harvesting. Prerequisites of a successful harvest include adherence to important anatomical landmarks, protection of the sensory innervation to the volar forearm, and meticulous handling of the RA branches. Regardless of the harvesting methodology chosen, adherence to a “no-touch” technique will optimize the patency and durability of the RA conduit. PMID:23977633

  20. Bypass to the intracranial internal carotid artery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael K. Morgan; Richard D. Ferch; Nicholas S. Little; Timothy J. Harrington

    2002-01-01

    Extracranial to intracranial internal carotid artery bypass surgery with vein is well described for a number of diverse conditions. They provide high blood flow with good initial patency. However, long term patencies for specific graft types remains unknown. This is an analysis of consecutive interposition saphenous vein bypass cases between the common carotid artery (CCA) and the intracranial internal carotid